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Canadian Books Worth While 

OUR LITTLE LIFE, l.v Miss J. G. 8ime $2.00 

THE VALLEY OF GOLD, A Tale of the Saskatchewan, liy David Howaith $2.00 

TRAILMAKERS OF THE NORTHWEST, liy Paul Lelaiul Haw.nth $3.00 

JEN OF THE MARSHES, by Jobu Frederic Herbiii $2.00 

THE STAIRWAY, by AUce A. Chown $2.00 

RHYMES OF A NORTHLAND, By Hugh L. Warren $1.00 

TREE TOP MORNING AND OTHER POEMS, by Etholwyn Wetherald $1.75 

MEDIEVAL HUN, by His Honour John Louis Tarleton $1.75 

BEATING THE STOCK MARKET, by R. W. :\kNeel $2.50 

THE STORY OF LAURA SECORD, by Emma A. < "uiTie .- $2.00 


QUEEN VICTORIA, liy Lytton Strachey. (Canadian edition) $5.00 

EMINENT VICTORIANS, by Lytton Strachey $5.00 


THE GLASS OF FASHION, by the author of The Mirrors of Downing Street .... $3.00 

THE MIRRORS OF DOWNING STREET (6th ed.). by A Gentleman with a Duster . $3.00 

THE STORY OF OPAL, by Opal Whitely ^-yi ^2.50 

THE BEST PLAYS OF 1920-21, by Burns Mantle ....[?>. ^ A $2.50 


MRS. ALLEN'S COOK BOOK >/• 1t.^ $2.50 

PRACTICAL DIETETICS, by A. F. Pattee $3.00 


THE STORIES EDITORS BUY AND WHY, edited by Jean Wick $2.50 

BOOKS AND HABITS, by Lafoadio Hearu. Edited by Prof. John Ernskine $2.50 

WORLD REVOLUTION, by Xesta H. Webster $4.50 

THE FOLLY OF NATIONS, by Frederick Palmer, author of The Last Shot $2.50 

THE WASTED GENERATION, by Owen Johnson $2.00 

THE DAY OF FAITH, hy Arthur Somers Roche $2.00 

THE LARK, by Danet Burnet $2.00 

TROUBLE-THE-HOUSE, by Kate Jordan $2.00 

THE FOG, by William Dudley Pelley $2.00 

THE TRIGGER OF CONSCIENCE, by Robert Orr Chipperfield $2.00 

TRADITION, by Marie Van Vorst $2.00 

ETHEL OPENS THE DOOR, by David Fox $2.00 

THE GIRL OF GHOST MOUNTAIN, by J. Allan Dunn $2.00 

THE SON OF WALLINGFORD, by Mr. and Mrs. George Randolph Chester $2.00 

MAVIS OF GREEN HILL, by Faith Baldwin $2.00 

THE WAYS OF LAUGHTER, by Harold Begbie $2.00 

THE PONSON CASE, by Freeman Wills Crofts $2.00 

THE CRIMSON BLOTTER, by Isabel Ostrander $2.00 

THE MAN IN THE JURY BOX, by Robert Orr Chipperfield $2.00 

THE FROZEN BARRIER, l\v Alexander MacFarlan $2.00 

THE ELEPHANT GOD, by Gordon Casserly. (This story excels the Tarzan cre- 
ations $2.00 

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I —r^riAur tStr,>ijf*r - 

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December, 1921. 

Good News for Booklovers 

Marie Chapdelaine 


Translated by 

Mr. W. H. BLAKE. 
Price 31-50. 
All epoch-making production 
in the history of prose epics. 

Canada At The Cross 


Price 32.00. 

"A clarion call to arms." 

Canada, An Actual 

Price $1.00. 

At last an authoritative 
book on our government. 


Outline of History 

By H. G. WELLS. 
Price $5.00. 

This one volume educational 
edition is a real triumph in 

The Masques of Ottawa 

Price $2.00 

A startling -series of bio- 
graphical- sketches done by a 
master hand. 


2 vols. — Price $10.50. 

A monumental work which 
will for all time be regarded 
as authoritative. 

FIELD. Illustrated by his (laugh- 
ter. JUDITH MASEFIELD. $1.75. 

Legends say that King Cole has 
never left England. In many shapes 
he returns, and alw-ays has been 
near when Englishmen need him. 

The living and eternal power of 
Beauty always is Mr. Masetield's un- 
derlying theme. Here it speaks 
through characters of the English 
countryside in olden time, and is 
embodied in one of the most signi- 
ficant of England's legendary fig- 



Probably $2.50. 
In his new book, Mr. Masefield re- 
turns to the drama, a field which he 
has not entered since the war. The 
plavs called Esther and Berenice are 
from historical sources, and parts 
of them are direct translations from 
Racine. The dramatic power which 
])ut the Tragedy of Nan and The 
Faithful among the most notable ol 
modern plays, has added strength 
against this background of strange. 
colorful eastern life of ancient days. 


Author of "The Economic Con- 
sequences of the Peace." etc. 
Price $5.25. 

Mr. Keynes book on the world 
situation as affected by the treaty, 
won him a wide public, both of 
students and of general readers. His 
new book is mainly philosophical, 
being a treatise along the lines whii li 
.'ire his chief interest. 



A comedy of life in a village l:i 
northern New Y'ork. 

a Foreword bv DR. MORTON 
PRINCE, M.D.. LL.D. Price $2.25 
This book offers a novel contribu- 
tion to the study of the problems 
about dreams which now occupy so 
large a place in the literature of 
psvcho-analysis; in particular it de- 
scribes new and practical method.* 
of acquiring control over dreams and 
of recording them accurately. 

and ETHICS. Edited by SH.AILEll 
NEY SMITH. $8.50. 

1. The book sets forth in compact 
form the results of modern study 
in the psychology of religion, the 
history of religions, both primitive 
and developed, the present status of 
religious life in America, Europe, 
and the most important mission 
fields, and the important phases of 
Christian belief and practice. It 
also covers both social and individual 

2. All words of importance In the 
field of religion and ethics are de- 
fined. The most important of them 
are discussed at length. A system 
of cross references unifies the en- 
tire work. 

3. The volume is intended primar- 
ily for ministers, Sunday-school 
teachers, and general readers who 
are interested in religion, not as 
technical students but as those who 
wish to acquire accurate and com- 
pact information of the latest deve- 
lopments of study in the field. It 

' will be an especially useful refer- 
ence book for public and Sunday- 
school libraries. 

i The articles are written histor- 
ically, objectively without specula- 
tion "or propaganda, and in so far as 
possible by those most in sympathy 
with their subjects. 

5 About one hundred scholars have 
cooperated with the editors, includ- 
ing well-known specialists in their 
respective fields. 

riiulJO. Price $2.25. 
From the day when he himself 
had been a boy upon a farm, in the 
inner world of Peter Wells the word 
China had a magic sound. In those 
boyhood struggles against dull rou- 
tine he was spurred on until finally 
he made the break, came to New 
York, and started the longer struggle 
for education, and a livelihood. Little 
Moon Chao came into his life, bring- 
ing at the same moment the old call 
to China and the romance which 
bound Peter to a home and family. 
The struggles of Peter and his wife 
to keep their home and to find then- 
romance of adventure in far places, 
make an absorbing story, one that 
goes back to The Harhor for a par- 
:illel in beauty and power. 


By K. 1 . K.\Y.MONl). Price $4.25. 
ITne.xcelled l)iographical sketches 
bj- autlior of "Uncensored Celebi-i- 

TAND. Translated bv HENDER- 
In t-wo volumes. With eight full 
page illustrations by IVAN GLID- 
DEN, $10.50 per set. 
Vol. I — The Romantics, The Sam- 
aritan Woman. The Princess Far 

Vol. II — Cyrano of Bergerac, The 
Eaglet Chanticler. 

Reissue in one volume, Svo. $7.00. 
This new edition, in more conven- 
ient and cheaper form is ready at a 
time when interest in Gladstone's 
period has increased, and its absorb- 
ing story will find many new 
l-t-;i'lfrs. ^^ 

by K. K. KAWAKAMI. Price 

These essays by prominent Japan- 
ese on their own point of view in 
the modern world give us a new and 
valuable lot of information about 
Japan. There are conservatives ex- 
pressing fear of the democracy for 
which Wilson wished to make the 
world safe. There are liberals ex- 
plaining the deficiencies in the Jap- 
anese Government, and their cam- 
l),-iiKii against bureaucracy and mili- 
tarism. There is an admiral argu- 
ing that a Japanese navy is neces- 
sary to maintain peace, especially 
to preserve the balance of power be- 
tween the English and American 
navies. The Oriental attitude toward 
the arrogant superiority of the white 
race is affably set forth. 



. $2.00. 

Attar Abu Hamed had only three 
wives a modest number for a gentle- 
man of Tunis. It was Aletra, the 
"Wednesdav wife," w-hom Attar 
really loved. The writer knows the 
East; and her picture is convincing. 
Her storv takes a surprising turn, 
and we find our convictions as to 
this Eastern charm suddenly veering 
back to a Western standard. 




DfiH'iiiher, 1921. 



A Quarterly devoted to Literature, the Library and the Printed Book 

Official Organ of the Canadian Authors Association 


Kditorial Office . 
Subscription Dept. 
Advertisintr Dept. 
Publication Office 

703 Drummond Bids.. Montreal. 
703 Drummond Bldg., Montreal. 
1403 C. P. R. Bldg.. Toronto. 
Gardenvale, Que. 

The Canadian Boal<man is published every month at 
the Gai-den City Press. Gardenvale, Que., by B. K. Sand- 
well. Subscription, $2.00 per annum. Cheques must be 
payable at par in Montreal or Toronto. Single copies, 25 cts. 



The Monthly Canadian 

woikl — iiichuliiii;, as they liave, not merely the most 
jn-oductive part of tlie publishing year, but also the 
period of organization of a somewhat historic event, 
the fii'st ("iiiiadian Authors Week ever celebrated. 

WITH tliis issue Thr Canadian Bookman be- 
comes a monthly, and its editors will en.ii>y 
tlie privilege of niucli more fre(|uent con- 
tact with their readers tliaii heretofore. We confi- 
dently l)elieve tliat that increased fre(iueiicy will be 
beneficiiil to all concerned. It will enai)le us, not 
merely to communicate our views and those of our 
contributors on the latest literary output much more 
proni]itly, Init also to dissemiiuitc a gr;'at d^al of 
news \\-1iich we could not communicate before be- 
cause it would have ceased to be news long before 
it could reach our readers. 

We are firmly convinced that one of the chief 
needs of Canada today, for the stimulation of its 
literary and artistic life, is a more comiietent, more 
actively functioning clearing-house for thought and 
information upon art and literature. We are far 
from suggesting that any single magazine, however 
frequently issued, can fulfil that function. A single 
institution may suffice for the clearance of credit 
documents, all of them drawn up in terms of the 
dollar. For the proper interchange and circulation 
of ideas something more complex is required. But 
among the various mechanisms needed, wliich range 
from universities to penny readings and from Royal 
Societies to Poets" Corners in the daily press, none, 
surely, is more directly active towards the desired 
end than the avowedly literary magazine. The Can- 
adian Bookman has not, we are constrained to admit, 
made much money in the period of nearly three 
years since it was started ; but we are reasonably 
certain that it has achieved an amount of good for 
Canadian literary art that is altogether beyond com- 
putation in dollars and cents. 

In succeeding issues we expect to anuoimee. and 
to commence, a number of features which are now 
possible but could not be included in a magazine of 
only quai-terly appearance. We do not claim for the 
present issue that it is a good example of the 
monthly magazine which we jexpeet to produce. 
Readers will please bear in mind that, though a 
monthly in size, this -is.sue has to perform manv of 
the functions of a (piarterly. since it is three months 
since our latest issue appeared, and those three 
months have been excessively active in the literary 

Canadian Authors Week 

ALREADY as we go to press, several days be- 
fore the official commencement of Canadian 
Autliors Week, it is abundantly evident that 
tlie underlying idea of that celebration has taken a 
strong liold upon the people of Canada. Even more 
gratifying than this is the fact that it has been 
accepted by the Canadian people in precisely the 
spirit in which it was conceived by the Canadian 
Authors Association. The fact has never I)een lost 
sight of that this is not a trade "stunt"' for ''boost- 
ing"" the i)roduct of a i)articular author or even of 
a particular pulilisher. It is not a call to the Can- 
adian people to al)negate their own judgment and 
buy something because a shout has been raised about 
it from the housetops. It is rather a call to the 
Canadian people to use more judgment than they 
are perhaps accustomed to doing; to do a little think- 
ing, perhaps a little consultation with their librarian 
or their pastor or their bookseller or their friends, 
and then to buy, not any Canadian book (nothing 
would be gained in that way for Canadian authors 
or Canadian anything else in the long run), but the 
Canadian books most suitable to their requirements. 
It is these acts of judgment, expressed in the only 
way in which most Canadians can express their 
judgments of books, namely by acts of purchase, 
which will be infinitely more beneficial to Can- 
adian literature than the mere dollars and cents 
involved. Canadian literature needs financial sup- 
port, it is true, but much more than that it needs 
the intelligent attention and criticism of the Can- 
adian people. Nobody else can make a Canadian 
literature. The Canadian authors cannot do it alone, 
nor with the hell) "f "^ criticism and no judgment 
save that of Englishmen or Americans. Canadian 
literature is made when a Canadian with two dollars 
goes into a bookstore and buys a book of poems or 
a novel or a- I)iography or an essay collection because 
it gives the picture or the attitude or the view which 
he as a Canadian thinks needs to be given. With- 



Dceembfi-, ]!i21. 

out that act by the Cauadian reader, Canadian liter- 
ature will never be made at all. Canadian Authors 
Week Avas conceived simply in order to multiply the 
number of such acts to be performed during this 

Canadian scenes and subjects they cannot very well 
be mistaken for anything else. 

The Bliss Carman Demonst- 

THERE is ample ju.stificatiou f()r the naive 
surprise expressed by Bliss Carman at the 
warmth and popular character of the wel- 
comes that are being extended to him in all parts of 
his native land on the occasion of his first tour as 
a reader of his own works. And yet we suspect that 
Dr. Carman's .surprise is not cau.sed by the one 
fact that is competent to caiuse it, but by certain 
errors of his own. If, as we fancy, he is unable to 
convince himself that he has d(me anything suffi- 
cient to entitle him to these plaudits, he is admirably 
modest but totally wrong. He is a much greater 
artist than many non-Canadian writers who have 
passed through this country on a carpet of flowers 
and amid the music of applauding thousands. But 
he is a Canadian, and we have not liitherto been 
much given to acclaiming our own in the field of 

And why! The reason is not far to seek. It is 
chiefly the lack ofleadership in the matter of liter- 
ary judgments, and the lack of confidence in such 
leadershij) as we jkisscss. Poets in Canada (and 
other artists in greater or less degree) have much to 
l)ut up with. If Bliss Carman had been born in an> 
other country, it is likely that he eould, after thirty 
years of fine creative work and at the very apex of 
his career, have come to the chief metropolis of that 
country and lieeii treated to an editorial in its lead- 
ing serious newspaper, in which his name was mis- 
spelled twelve times! And if he had been a "Col- 
onial," is it likely that the London Times Literary 
Supplement could at almost the same moment have 
reviewed his twenty-year-old Sai)))lio lyrics, just re- 
l)rinted. and wondered why they did not inchule the 
very latest fragments discovered by the anti(piar- 
ians .' (A very recent English "Who's Who" calls 
liiin a "journalist", but perhaps in these modern 
days "poet" is not a vocati(m.) The fact is that we 
maJi« too little effort ourselves to discern and know 
the talent and the genius that is in our midst, where- 
fore we have no right 1o be surprised if others at a 
greater distance fail to discern it also. 

Notes of the Month 

TJip Canadian Authors .Association needs a iiuitti), 
which should conlain som:' reference to some char- 
acteristic (piality belougnig to, or expected to belong 
to, Canadian liteiature. Suggestions will be gladly 
received bv the editor. 

The nu}nber of good workmanlike Canadian novels 
out this winter is reall.v remarkable. And the best 
of it is that as most of them deal with explicitly 

There is scarcely a large Canadian city in which 
the local branch of the Canadian Authors Associa- 
tion will not be recognised this winter as the chief 
promoter of intellectual activities. In the lesser 
cities and towns the process of organization is natur- 
ally more difficult, but when Chatham, Out., can 
provide forty memliers tliere seems to be no reason 
why there should not be an active local in at least 
everv citv of the Dominion. 


There is not much verse in this issue of C. B., but 
that is because there was so much else that had to be 

For early publication we liave some very beautiful 
work by Bliss Carman, Beatrice Redpath, Edward 
Sapir, Artliur L. Phelps, Gertrude McGregor Moffat, 
an others. 

In addition to our original verse, wc propose to 
make a regular department devoted to reprinting 
(when permission is obtainable) the best current 
verse by Canadians from ot.iier magazines and new 
volumes. Readers will confer a favor by drawing 
our attention to anything suitable for this column. 


Author of "The Barriers" and "Anne 
of the Marshlands". 

R. W. Douglas of Vancouver will write in an 
earf^v issue of the Canadian Bodkmaii on James 
De Mille, the remarkable author of "The MS Found 
in a Copper Cylinder". It is a most lucturcsfjuc 
tale of the struggle of genius against unpropitious 


The next number of the Cauadian B<rokman will 
contain the most successful of all ]\Ir. Strokes" take- 
contain the most successful of all Mr. Slokcv" take- 
Virile Novel". 

iJc'.'iiihcr. II'-JI. 


The Three Sisters Chapdelaine 


1 1 1", pracl ically siiiiiiltatii'ous 
a|)i>i'aiiilice of two rival 
translations into Knsxlisli 
and of a new edition in tlii' ori- 
'.'inal ^''rencli, all three fathered hy 
pnlilisliinfi' houses of the hisihest 
irptitc in their respective eoun- 
Ii'ies. has drawn sudden and un- 
expected attention to the existence 
of a novel, written in Canada and 
dealin<;- wholly with Canadian life, 
which ranks heyond all question 
anionjj the finest examples of the 
nivelistic art produced in Europe 
durinjr this century. Written in 
Canada, we have said, and written 
ahout Canada; liuf not wi-itteu b.v 
a Canadian. Louis Hemon, the 
author of Maria ChapdeUtine, was 
a Frenchman with a passion for 
travelliup: and for open-air life, 
which led him to an extended 
residence in Enjjland, and then to 
a journe.v to Canada, where he had 
dwelt just lonij- enou<rh to acquire 
an intimate and affectionate know- 
ledfTe of habitant life in the back 
l)arishes, and to embod.v tiiat know- 
ledjre in the. novel now under dis- 
cussion, when his career was tragic- 
ally terminated at the age of thiity- 
three by a i-aihva.v accident in 
Xortheni Ontario, (^anada may 
not have lost s'reatl.v by his un- 
timely end, for it is probable that 
he had comjjleted his work in this 
country and satisfied his curiosity, 
and would soon have moved on to 
the Orient or to the glamorous isles 
of the Pacific. But the loss to 
French literature is be.vond all 

If a Quebec habitant, about 
twenty-five years of age, could be 
miraculously endowed with the 
jjower of self-expression without 
passing through the educational 
processes which in real life are 
usuall.v necessary to impart that 
power, it is probable that he would 
write a book very much like Maria 
Chapdelaine. But our habitant, in 
acquiring the power of self-ex- 
pression in the ordinarv wa.v, ac- 
quires witli it a hundred other 
things which make it impossible 
for him to write such a book — 
things which overla.v and destro.v 
his native ability to see the hard 
life of the northern frontier 
parishes as in itself a poem of 
beauty and heroism — things which 
fill his mind with man.v other pre- 
oeeupatious, the preoccupations of 
polities, of religion, of wealth, of 

social advancement, < f power — to 
say notiiing of the i)i-eoccupation 
of .self-defence. Louis Ilenion 
writes as if he did not know (and 
we are very sure that he did not 
care) that there was in Canada 
any such thing as a "clash", or a 
bi-lingual question, or Imperialisni. 
or immigrants, or rich and noisy 
cities, or the British .\ortii Am- 
erica Act. He outlined and wrote 
this novel in lOlL' and IfH:?, while 
the echoes of the Xaval controvers.x 
were still rolling from hill to hill 
of the majestic Laurentians; i)ut 
because he was an artist, and 
nothing but an artist, he heard 
not the faintest vibi-ation of them, 
saw not the slightest shadow of 
these fleeting passions upon tlie 
c-oinitenances of the magnificent 
and immemorial peasants whom he 
was stud.ving and depicting. In 
these two hundred pages he lias 
set down notiiing tiiat is not per- 
manent — n<ithing save the two- 
centurv-old relations between the 
grim forest land of Eastern Can- 
ada and its fiist and only ccni- 
querors, the simple life of family 
and of parish which has scarcely 
changed since the .seigneurs went 
back to France, the mystery and 
the traged.v of youth and love and 
death under the brief but burning 
northern sun and the long and 
terrible northern snow. Maria 
Chapdelaine, in its oi iginal French. 
is a work of the most poignant 
simplicity and beaut.v. so much so 
that we dare not even cherish the 
hope that it will ever be, as it 
sliould be, employed as a textbook 
to educate j'oung English-speaking 
Canadians not only in the language 
but in the verv life of their French 

All this is in parenthesis. Maria 
Chapdeleine in French is not new. 
It is true that the original Mont- 
real edition having long been un- 
obtainable, ('anadians who read 
French have been compelled to 
await the new Paris edition issued 
b.v the Librairie Grasset, and pro- 
curable from the leading book- 
.sellers of this countrv at $1.50. 
But the I'easou for this ])resent 
article is the recent offering of 
the novel in two different versions 
to English readers. We under- 
stand that the task of translation 
was oiiginall.v undei'taken by Sir 
Andrew^ Macphail of Montreal and 
Mr. W. H. Blake of Toronto in 

collaboration, and that, the colla- 
Itoration proving unsatisfactory, 
each of the translators decided to 
I)ut his own version before the 
public. The Macphail version is 
fathered by A. T. ('ha))man in 
Montreal, the Oxford Kiiiversity 
Press in Toronto and John Lane 
in London and New V'ork. The 
IMake version bears the ini|)riiit of 
the Maciiiillau Conqiany of Can- 
ada. The Macphail version is 
liound in paper, but has the advant- 
age of containing the admirable 
illustrations b\- A. Suzor-Cote 
which formed part of the original 
.Montreal French edition; the price 
is $1.00. The Blake version is 
liomid in hoards. Imt iinillustrated, 
and .sells for .tl.-lO. 

A comparison of the three ver- 
sions affords a highly intere.stiiig 
stud.\. There is a sense in whidi 
ti-anslatioii is iini)ossible; and we 
are (piite sure that neither Sir 
Andrew Macphail nor Mr. Blake 
will comiilain of us for advising all 
those who can possibly- do so to 
read the novel in its original 
tongue. Hemon is a stylist of verv 
high order. The rhythm and the 
color of many of his sentences defj- 
reproduction in any other language. 
Man.\- readers of The Canadian 
Bookmav. however, will have to 
limit their choice to the two Eng- 
lish versions. We have appended 
to this article a substantial extract 
from the original Fiench along 
with its two rival tran.slations, from 
which the methods and qualities 
of the two translators may perhaps 
he not unfairly judged." "VVe are 
frank to state that Mr. Blake en- 
listed our svmpathy at the outset 
by refusing to accede to the pos- 
sible demand of the lazy reader 
for a translation of the phrase "Ite, 
missa est'", with which the mass at 
Peribonka ends and the first chap- 
ter begins. From the beginning 
too. Sir Andi-ew seems to have 
labored for the closest possible re- 
production of the ver\- words and 
sentence structure of the original 
with results which at times are 
neither in themselves beautiful 
English nor suggest beautiful 
French. Hemon tells us that 

Vn instaut plus tot elle avait paru 
desoiee, cette feglise, juchSe au bord 
du chemin sur la berge haute au- 
rtessus de la riviere Peribonka, dont la 
nappe glac6e et couverte de neige Stait 
toute pareille k une plaine. ■ 


December, 1921. 

A sehool-ljoy, lookiug for a "key", 
might be grateful for tlie literal- 
uess and unchanged order of Sir 
Andrew Macphail's translation: 

A moment earlier it had appeared 
.lesolate. this chinch, set by the side 
of the road, on the bank, high above 
the Peribonka river, — its surface, 
frozen and covered with snow, all 
like a level plain. 

But tlie English reader will feel 
more comfortable with Mr. Blake : 

A moment earlier, it had seemed 
ciuite deserted, this church set by the 
roadside on the high bank of the 
Peribonka. whose icy snow-covered 
surface was like a winding strip of 

And why did both translators 
avoid the real physical equivalent 
of "juchee", which is the admir- 
abh' suggestive and pictorial word 

Again, Sir Andrew tran.slates 
word for word, "The rich young 
girls who come back with airs of 
inhuman purity from the convents 
of Chicoutimi'". This is a trifle 
difficult, and we prefer Mr. 
Blake's damsels "trained to look 
on the world with a superhuman 
demureness" — though even that 
does not get one hundred per cent 

The passage which we have se- 
lected for comparison will afford 
many ether examples of the dis- 
advantages of a too exigent cons- 
cience in a translator. "Le coeur 
en emoi" is beautiful Frencli. but 
"her heart in excitement " is far 
from being beautiful English. 
"Locusts laden with fertility" 
does not readily suggest to the 
English mind the equivalent of 
"sauterelles pondeuses". When it 
comes to dialogue, however, Sir 
Andrew is more practical. He 
knows that men talk about "taking 
a drink", and not, as Mr. Blake 
puts it, "taking a glass"; but 
even here it is French-Canadian 
and not English to talk about "the 
habit of taking a diink i)retty 
well" meaning that of being a hard 
drinker; and it is equally French- 
Canadian and not English to talk 
about living in the woods and 
"having misery and never any 
pleasure" — and Mr. Blake dees 
much better, "with every kind of 
hardship and no amusement." 

Even the schoolboy might be dis- 
appointed if he relied too impli- 
citly on Sir Andrew and went to 
his teacher with "It is as much as 
ever if it is not going to be soft 

as a translation of "C'est tout 
juste s"il ne mouille pas." 

The fact is that Sir Andrew is 
the last person in the world whom 
we should ever have selected for 
the honorably servile of the 
translator. He is master of a 
dazzlingly brilliant style, but it is 
one which dazzles most when he is 
least hampered — whether by a 
French text to be rendered or by 
a body of facts to be reconciled 
with theory. The sky rocket, given 
the freedom of -the upper air, pro- 
duces one of the loveliest spectacles 
known to man ; but set it off in the 
confines of its packing-box and it 
is not in the least imp;essive. 
Strangely enough, and perhai)s be- 
cause of his veiy hatred of fetters, 
Sir Andrew has made his own 
fetters, in this case, unnecessarily 
tight, by the theor\- of literalism 
which he adopted as the proper 
creed of the translator. It is, we 
are convinced, a fatally wrong 
creed ; yet Sir Andrew may have 
felt that it was, for him, the only 
safe one — that for him to take an 
inch of freedom would have meant 
an ell of unfaithfulness — that if 
his book were not word-for-word 
Hemon it would turn out to be 
pure ]\lacphail. 


SiK Andrew Macphail. 

THE blueberries were full ripe. 
In the burnt woods the pur- 
|)le of the berries and the 
green of the leaves now subdued 
the rosy tint on the last flowers of 
the laurel. The children soon set 
to work picking with shouts of 
glee; but their elders scattered in 
the woods, looking for the large 
patches where one could sit on 
one's heels and fill a bucket in an 
hour. The ncise of their footsteps 
on llie brushwood and in the aldei- 
thickets, the shouts of Telesphore 
and Alma Rose calling to one an- 
other — all these sounds diminish- 
ed little by little, and about each 
picker there was nothing but the 
murmur of black flies drunk with 
the sunshine, and the sound of the 
wind in the branches of the young 
birch and poplars. 

"There is a fine patch here," a 
voice called. Maria got up, her 
heart in excitement, and went to 
.join FraiiQois Paradis who was 
kneeling down behind some alder 
bushes. Side by side for some time 
they diligently gathered blueber- 
ries, tiien plunged together into 
the woods, stepping over fallen 
trees, and casting their eyes about 
for the violet patches of ripe ber- 

Louis Hemox. 

LES bluets etaient bien murs 
Dans les brules, le violet de 
leurs grappes et le vert de 
leui's feuilles noyaient maintenant 
le rose eteint des dernieres fleurs 
de bois de charme. Les enfants se 
mirent a les cueillir de suite avec 
des eris de joie; mais les grandes 
persounes se disperserent dans le 
bois, cherchant les grosses tales an 
milieu desquelles on peut s'accrcu- 
pir et remplir un seau en une heure. 
Le bruit des pas sur les broussail- 
les et dans les taillis d'aunes, les 
cris de Telesphore et d 'Alma-Rose 
qui s'appelaient I'un I'autre, tons 
ces sons s'eloignerent peu a pen 
et autour de ehaque cueillette il ne 
resta plus que la clameur des mou- 
ches ivres de soleil et le bruit ilu 
vent dans les branches des jeunes 
bouleaux et des trembles. 

— II y a une belle tale icitte. ap- 
pela une voix. 

Maria se redressa, le coeur en 
emoi, et alia rejoindre Francois 
Paradis qui s'agenouillait derriere 
des aunes. Cote a cote ils ramas- 
serent des bleuets quelque temjis 
avec diligence, puis s'enfoncei-ent 
ensemble dans le bois, en.jambant 
les arbres tombes, cherchant du re- 
gard autour d'eux les taches vio- 
lettes des bales mures. 

W. II. Bl.vke. 

THE blueberries were fully 
ripe. In the burnt lands the 
purple of the elu.sters and 
the green of the leaves now over- 
came the paling rose of the lau- 
rels. The children began picking 
at once with cries of delight, but 
their elders .scattered through the 
woods in search of the larger pat- 
ches, where one might .sit on one's 
heels and fill a pail in an hour. 
The noise of footsteps on dry twigs, 
of rustling in the aldei- bushes, the 
calls of Telesphore and Alma-Rose 
to 'one another, all faded .slowly 
into the distance and about each 
gatherer was only the buzzing of 
flies drunk with sunshine, and the 
voice of the wind in the young 
birches and aspens, 

"There is a fine clump o\er 
here", said a voice, 

Maria's heart beat faster as she 
arose and went towards Fi-ancois 
Paradis who was kneeling behind 
the alders. Side by side they pick- 
ed industriously for a time, then 
])Iunged farther into the woods, 
stepping over fallen trees, looking 
about them for the deep blue 
masses of the ripe berries, 

"Tliei'e arc verv few this vear, " 

December, 1921. 


Sir Andrew Macphail — Continuccl. Louis Hemon — Continued. 

"They are not pleiitifiil this 
year," Fraiiyois said. ■"Tlic spriii;:: 
frosts iviiied them." lie brnutrht to 
the })ieliiiig of bei'iies his experieii- 
ee of the woods, "lu the hollows 
and among the akleis the snow will 
have remained longer, and protect- 
ed them from the earlv frost." 

They sought and made some 
happy finds ; large areas of bushes 
laden with huge berries whieli the}' 
steadily poured into their i)ails, 
whieh were full in an hour. They 
got u]), and sat on a fallen tree to 

Countless mosquitoes and blaek 
flies whirled in the hot afternoon 
air. Every moment they luul to be 
driven off; they nuide a fiantii; 
sweep and soon eame baek, piti- 
less, reekless, eoueerned only to 
find a square inch of skin for their 
.stings; with their poignant notes 
was mingled the hum of the dread- 
ful blaek flies, and the woods were 
filled as with a great endless 
sound. Green trees were scarce; 
onlj'' some young birches, a few 
jxiplars, and alder bushes waved 
their leaves in midst of the colon- 
nade of stripped and blackened 

Frangois Paradis looked around 
him to get his bearings. "The 
others cannot be far away," he 

"No," Maria answered in a low 
voice. But neither of them gave a 

A squirrel came down the trunk 
of a dead birch, and with his sharp 
eyes watched for a moment before 
risking himself on the ground. In 
the midst of the drunken clamour 
of the flies, locusts, laden with 
fertility, went past with a dry 
crackling sound; a breath of wind 
carried through the alders the 
distant rumble of the falls. 

Fran(^'ois Paradis stole a glance 
at Maria, then turned awa.y, and 
firmly clasped his hands. How 
good she was to look upon ! To sit 
beside her; to catch a glimpse of 
her swelling breast, her fine 
modest, gentle face, the easy free- 
dom of her rare gestures and at- 
titudes — a great hunger for her 
came upon him, and at the same 
time a wondrous affection, because 
he had lived nearly all his life 
alone with other men, austerely, in 
the great wild woods,- or on the 
snowy plains. 

— II n'y en a pas guere cette 
annce, dil I"'ran(;ois. ( 'c sont les 
gc'Iccs i\i' pi'intfinps ipii les out 
fail iu(»urir. 

II apportait a la I'ueillettc son 
experience de coureur des bois. 

Dans les ereiLx et entre les au- 
nes, la neige sera restee plus long- 
temps et les aura gardes des pre- 
mieres gelees. 

lis chereherent et firent (pielques 
trouvailles heui-euses; dc larges 
tales d'arbustes chargees de baies, (pi'ils cgrenerent indus- 
trieusement dans leurs seaux. Ceux- 
ci fureut pleins en une heure ; alors 
ils se releverent et s'assirent sur 
un arbre tombe pour se reposer. 

D'innombrables mousticpies et 
iiuiringouins tourbillonnaieut dans 
I'air brulant de rapres-midi. A 
cluKiue instant il fallait les ecarter 
d 'un geste ; ils decrivaient une 
eourbe affolee et revenaient de 
suite, irapitoyables, ineonscients, 
uniquement anxieux de trouver un 
pouce earre de peau pour leur jii- 
qiire ; a leur musique suraigue se 
melait le bourdounement des ter- 
ribles mouches uoires, et le t(mt 
emplissait le bois comme un grand 
cri sans fin. Les arbres verts 
etaient rares: de jeunes bouleaux, 
([uelques trembles, des taillis d'au- 
ues agitaient leur feuillage au 
milieu de la colonnade des trones 
deixniilles et noireis. 

Fi-aucois Paradis i-egarda au- 
tonr de lui comme pour s'orienter. 

— Les autres ne doivent pas etre 
loin, dit-il. 

— Xon, repondit Maria a voix 

JIais ni I'uu ni Tautre ne poussa 
un cri d"appel. 

I'n ecureuil descendit du tronc 
d'uu bouleau mort et les guetta 
([uelques instants de ses yeux vifs 
a\ant de se risquer a terre. Au 
milieu de la clameur ivre des mou- 
ches, les sauterelles pondeuses pas- 
saient avee un crepitement see ; un 
souffle de vent apporta a travers 
les aunes le grondement lointain 
des chutes. 

Francois Paradis regarda Maria 
a la dercibee, puis detourna de nou- 
veau les yeux en serrant tres fort 
ses nuiins Tune contre I'autre. 
Qu'elle etait done plai.sante a con- 
templer! D'etre assi aupres d'elle, 
d'entrevoir sa poitrine forte, son 
beau visage honuete et patient, la 
simplicite franehe de ses gestes 
rares et de ses attitudes, une 
grande faim d'elle lui venait et en 
meme temps un attendrissement 
emerveille, parce qu'il avait veeu 
presque toute sa vie rien qu'avee 

ir. //. Rlal-r— Continued. 

said l''raiicois. " It was the sjjring 
fro.sts that killed the blos.soms." 
lie iirought to the berry-seeking 
his woodsman's knowledge. "In 
the hollows and among the alders 
the snow was lying longer and kei)t 
them from freezing." 

The\- sought again and made 
.soiiie hapi)y finds: broad clumps 
of bushes laden with huge berries 
whieh they heaped into their pails. 
In the space of an hour were 
filled ; they rose and went to sit on 
a fallen tree to rest them.selves. 

Mosquitos swarmed and circled 
in the fervent afternoon heat. 
Every moment the hand must be 
raised to scatter them; after a 
panie-.stricken flight they .straight- 
way returned, reckless and piti- 
less, bent only on finding one tiny 
spot to plant a sting; with their 
sharp note was blended that of the 
in.satiate black-fly, filling the 
woods with unceasing sound. Liv- 
ing trees there were not many; a 
few young birches, some aspens, 
alder bushes were stirring in the 
wind among the rows of lifeless 
and blackened trunks. 

Frangois Paradis looked about 
him as though to take his bearings. 
"The others cannot be far away," 
he said. 

"No," replied Maria in a low- 
voice. But neither he nor she call- 
ed to summon them. 

A scjuirrel ran down the bole of 
a dead birch tree and watched the 
pair with liis sharp eyes for some 
moments before venturing to earth. 
The stiident flight of heavy grass- 
hoppers rose above the intoxicated 
clamour of the flies; a wandering 
air brought the fall's dull thunder 
through the alders. 

Frangois Paradis stole a glance 
at Maria, then turned his eyes 
away and tightly clasped his 
hands. Ah, but she was good to 
look upon! Thus to sit beside her, 
to catch these .shy glimpses of the 
strong bosom, the sweet face so 
modest and so patient, the utter 
simplicity of attitude and of her 
rare gestures; a great hunger for 
her awoke in him, and with it a 
new and marvellous tenderness, 
for he had lived his life with other 
men, in hard give-and-take, among 
the wild forests and on the snowy 

Well he knew she was one of 



December, 1921. 

Sir Andrew Macphail — Continued. Louis Hemon — Continued. 

He felt that she was one of those 
women who, when they give them- 
selves, give all without reckoning: 
the love of body and of heart, the 
strength of arms in the daily task, 
the perfect devotion of a spirit 
that will not turn aside. And it 
all appeared .so precious he was 
afraid to ask for it. 

"I am going down to Grand '- 
Mere next week", he said in a low 
voice, "to work on the timber 
sluice. But" I will not take a drink, 
Maria, not a single one.'" 

He stopped, and then with 
downcast eyes asked abruptly : 
"Perhaps. . .Have they been say- 
ing anything to you against me?" 


"It is true that I had the habit 
of taking a drink jjretty well, when 
I came down from the shanties and 
the drive; but that is ended. You 
see, when a fellow has spent six 
months in the woods working hard, 
having misery and never any 
pleasure, and arrives at La Tuque 
or Jonquieres with all the winter's 
pay in his jjocket, it is easy enough 
for his head to be a little turned ; 
he spends monej' and warms liim- 
self up, sometimes ... But that is 
at an end. 

"And it is also true that I swore 
a bit. Living all the time with 
rough men in the woods or on the 
rivers, — that is the custom. There 
was a time when I used to swear 
pretty bad, and Cure Tremblay 
once rebuked me for having said 
before him that I was not afraid 
of the devil. But that is over, 
Maria. I am going to work all 
summer at two dollars and a-half 
a da.y. And I will surely put the 
money aside. And in the fall I am 
certain to find a job as foreman in 
a shanty with high wages. Next 
sjiring I will have more than five 
hundred dollars clear savings, and 
I will come back." 

He hesitated again, and the ques- 
tion he was about to put changed 
upon his lips: 

"You will be here then 
spring f ' ' 



And after this simple (juestion 
and the still more simple reply, 
they fell silent and remained a 
long time .so, silent and .solemn, be- 
cause they had exchanged their 

d'autres hommes, durement, dans 
les grands bois .sauvages ou les 
plaines de neige. 

II sentait qu'elle etait de ces 
femmes qui, lorsqu'elles se don- 
nent, donnent tout sans compter : 
1 'amour de leur corps et de leur 
eoeur, la force de leurs bras dans 
la besogne de chaque jour, la devo- 
tion complete d'mi esprit sans de- 
tours. Et le tout lui paraissait si 
precieux qu'il avait peur de le de 

— Je vais descendre a Grand '- 
Mere la .semaine prochaine, dit il a 
mi-voix, pour travailler sur I'eclu- 
se a bois. Mais je ne prendrai pas 
un coup, Maria, pas un seul ! 

II hesita un peu et demanda 
abruptement, les yeux a terre : 

— Peut-etre . . . vous a-t-on dit 
quelque chose contre moi? 
— Non. 

— C'est vrai que j 'avals coutume 
de prendre un coup pas nial, quand 
je revenais des chantiers et de la 
drave; mais c'est fini. Voyez-vous, 
quand un garcjoft a passe six mois 
dans le bois a travailler fort et a 
avoir de la misere et jamais de 
plaisir, et qu'il arrive a la Tuque 
ou a Jonquieres avec toute la paye 
de I'hiver dans sa poche, c'est qua- 
siment toujours que la tete lui 
tourne un peu : il fait de la de- 
pense et il se met chaud, des fois... 
Mais c'est fini. 

"Et c'est vrai aussi que je sa- 
crais un peu. A vivre tout le 
temps avec des hommes "rough" 
dans le bois ou sur les rivieres, on 
s'accoutume a ea. II y a eu un 
temps que je saerais pas mal, et 
M. le cure Tremblay m'a dispute 
une fois parce que j 'avals dit de- 
vant lui que je n 'avals pas peur 
du diable. Mais c'est fini, Maria. 
Je vais travailler tout I'ete a deux 
piastres et demie par jour et je 
niettrai de 1 'argent de cote, cer- 
tain. Et a I'automne je suis star 
de trouver une "job" comme fore- 
man dans un chantier, avec de 
grosses gages. Au printemps pro- 
chain, j'aurai plus de cinq cents 
piastres de sauvees, claires, et je 

II hesita encore, et la question 
qu'il allait poser changea sur ses 

— Vous serez encore icitte . . . au 
printemps prochain? 

Et apres cette simple question et 
sa plus simple reponse ils se turent 
et resterent longtemps ainsi, nniets 
et solennels, parce qu'ils avaient 
echange leurs serments. 

W. H. Blake— Continued. 

those women who, giving them- 
selves, give wholly, reckoning not 
the cost; love of body and .soul, 
strength of ai-m in the daily task, 
the unmeasured devotion of a 
spirit that does not waver. 8o pre- 
cious the gift appeared to him that 
he dared not it. 

"I am going down to Grand '- 
Mere next week", he said, almost 
in a whisper, "to work on the lum- 
ber dam. But I will never take a 
glass, not one, Maria!" Hesitating 
a moment he stammered out, eyes 
on the ground: "Perhaps. . .they 
liave said something against me ? ' ' 


"It is true that I used to drink 
a bit, when I got back from the 
shanties and the drive; but that is 
all over now. You see when a young 
fellow has been working in the 
woods for six months, with every 
kind of hardship and no amuse- 
ment, and gets out to La Tuque or 
Jonquieres with all the winter's 
wages in his pocket, pretty often 
he loses his head; he throws his 
money about and sometimes takes 
too much . . . But that is all over. ' ' 

"And it is also true that I used 
to swear. When one lives all the 
time with rough men in tlie woods 
or on the rivers one gets the habit. 
Once I swore a good deal, and the 
cure, Mr. Tremblay, took me to 
task because I said before him 
that I wasn't afraid of the devil. 
But there is an end of that too, 
Maria. All the .summer I am to 
be working for two dollars and a 
half a day and you may be sure I 
shall save money. And in the au- 
tumn there will be no trouble find- 
ing a job as foreman in a shanty 
with big wages. Next spring I 
shall have more than five hundred 
dollars saved, clear, and I shall 
come back ..." 

Again he hesitated, and the ques- 
tion he was about to put took an- 
other form upon his lips. 

"You will be here still... next 


And after the simple question 
and simpler answer they fell silent 
and so long remained, wordless 
and grave, for they had exchanged 
their vows. 

Dcc.MiiluM-, l!t21. 



Six Canadian Anthologies 


A Trdiniirii of Canadian Verse, 
compiled bv T. II. Rand, pub- 
lished 1900 by William Briggs, 

The Oxford Booh of Canadian 
Verse, ccmipiled by Wilfred 
Campbell. jMililished by Oxt'dfil 
rniver.sity Press, Toronto. 

Canadian I'ods. eonipiled by .loliii 
W. Garvin, iniblislied liJlCi by 
McClelland and Stewart. Tor- 

Flowers from a Canadian Garden, 
compiled by L. J. Burpee, pub- 
lished by Musson, Toronto. 

A Wreath of Canadian Portri/. 
compiled bv Mrs. C. il. Whvte- 
Edgar, publi.shed 190-1 by Wil- 
liam Briu-gs, Toi-onto. 

Canadian Singers and Their Songs, 
compiled bv Edward S. Carswell, 
published "1919 by McClelland 
and Stewart. Toronto. 

EX^^CTLY 200 poets are re- 
presented b.v our three lead- 
ing anthologies — the Treas- 
ury, the Oxford Book and Can- 
adian Poets. Of the 200 only 18 
appear in all three collections. The 
Canadian public is interesting it- 
self as never before in its national 
literature. The time is approach- 
ing when no educated Canadian 
will care to be without his national 
song-book, and it is my aim to as- 
iiist the reader in making an intel- 
ligent choice b,v a brief comparison 
of these anthologies. 

Apait from the date of publica- 
tion there are only two factors de- 
termining the compiler's choice of 
material. I mean his definitions of 
the words "'Canadian'" and "poet- 
ry". In the matter of literary na- 
tionality all the anthologies are 
extremely liberal. The native-born 
rubs shoulders with the immi- 
grant : the expatriate is placed be- 
side the foreign visitor, who made 
pcems during his stay. We are 
very generous — to ourselves. AnA" 
distinguished name that, on any ruction, could possibl.v be 
identified with our literature is in- 
cluded in the list. If there is one 
modern writer whose nationality 
is fixed for literar.v purposes, that 
man is Standish O "Grady, one of 
the leaders of the Irish Renaissan- 
ce. Yet his name appears in the 
index of the Wreath. If Rud.vard 
Kipling had pleased us better with 

"Our had\ of the Snows " wc 
would have had him in too. 

Similarly the standards of poetic 
excellence have not been too rigid. 
This, I think, is wise, because our 
poetic output is not .vet so volum- 
inous that we need be exclusive. 
Kvery poet of an,v worth figures 
somewhere in these anthologies, 
wiiicli thereby aciiuire great hist- 
oric value. 

The first collection* was made 
by Theodore Harding Rand in 
1900, and pulilished as ^1 Trea.i- 
II ri/ of Canadian Verse. It con- 
tains s]ieciniens <»f the work of 13;"j 
poets. .Maii,v more poets are in- 
cluded than in any other book, and 
SO of the 135 do uot appear in 
either of the other important an- 

yiy first impression of the Treas- 
urg (in 1905) was unfavorable. 
The poems were of merit so uu- 
eipial as to produce a sense of dis- 
harmony, incongruit.v. It seemed 
that Mr. Rand's ear must be woe- 
fully at fault. When I realized 
that his aim was to produce an 
histoi'ic document m.v feeling 
changed to one of admiration. As 
such the Treasury is unique. No 
student of Canadian literature 
should be without a cop.v. 

On the literary .side the Treas- 
ury has excellencies in keeping 
with the main design. In each 
case typical work has been chosen. 
The poets of lesser worth babble 
their disconcerting doggerel. The 
major poets are made to recite 
pieces of permanent value, which 
have in them a preponderance of 
self-reveahnent. Thus Archibald 
Lampman is represented by nine 
poems, including "The Sun Cup", 
and that noble sonnet, "The Goal 
of Life"" which begins: 

There is a beaut.v at the goal of life, 
A beauty growing since the world 
Through every age and race, through 
lapse and strife. 
Till the great human soul complete 
her span. 

1 do not know which is the finer 
poem, nor anything of Lampman 's 
that either. Pauline 

» Note: "Songs and Poems of the 
Great Dominion," compiled by William 
D. Lighthall, M.A.. of Montreal, and 
published in 1889 by Walter Scott. Lon- 
don, is now so rare as to be outside the 
scope of this article. 

.lohnson's work is exemplified by 
five poems, of which three are cer- 
tainly most typical and among her — "The Song my Paddle 
Sings". "Shadow River" and 
" Prairie (jreyhounds. " 

The chief viitiie of the Trea.'i- 
urg is the inclusion of the 80 minor 
poets, otherwise lost to us. Its 
chief defect is that it is 21 .vears 
old. Twenty poets with national 
reputations are absent. They came 
too late; and .so the Treasurg, by 
itself, is not the complete record 
we need. 

The Oxford Book of Canadian 
Verse w,^s arranged by Wilfred 
Campbell, himself one of the poets 
not to be found in the Treasury. 
The Oxford Book contains 251 
l)cems by 100 poets. It is the 
slightest of the three great antho- 
logies, and the classical. Here 
is dignit,v, taste, correctness. Here 
are cool, lofty spaces, with much 
to entice the intellect, and com- 
paratively little to captivate the 
heart. If Tennyson and Browning 
are the all-in-all of poetry to you. 
the Oxford Book is the anthology 
you should buy. But if William 
Blake and Robert Burns attract 
you with their directness, and 
primitive appeal, then the Oxford 
Book will leave one side of .vou 

Of the 100 poets included in the 
Oxford Book, 57 are also to be 
found in the Treasury. Of the re- 
maining 43. I think 15 are im- 
portant in a literaiy way. and 28 
are of historic interest only. Of 
the 15 real additions. 14 are to be 
found also in Canadian Poets. Ri- 
chard Scrace is left as the only 
important name not to be foimd 

Canadian Poets appeared in 
1916. The compiler, Mr. John W. 
Garvin, strikes the modern note. 
His book will probably make the 
most satisfactory reading for all 
except who are directly in- 
terested in tracing the growth of 
our poetic literature. Onl.v 52 
poets are included. Of these, 18 
are to be found in all three an- 
thologies: 14 may be found in the 
Oxford Book — poets like Mar- 
.jorie L. C. Pickthall. who grew up 
too late to find a place in the Treas- 
ury; 6 are in the Treasury, but not 
in the Oxford Book. Of the remain- 


ing 14 I think 4, at least, will find 
a place in any later anthologj' that 
pretends to "cover the field in a 
general wav. These are Grace 
Blackburn, Father Bollard, Tom 
Mclnnes and Robert Norwood. The 
other 10 are nearly all younger 
men, who show great promise, and 
whom we shall watch with sympa- 
thetic interest. 

Canadian Poets, while contain- 
ing the smallest number of poets, 
is the largest book of the three. It 
■weighs about twice as much as the 
Treasury, and four times as much 
as the Oxford Book. It yields an 
average of 6..5 selections per poet 
as against 2.5 in each of the other 
collections. The advantages of 
this are obvious. Many of the 
poems are quite long; there has 
been no cramping of space. Each 
poet's photograph is reproduced 
with a page of biography and 
critical comment. 

Here, as nowhere else, is felt the 
influence of new modes of thought, 
and new ideals of form. The book 
is large physically and spiritually, 
free and direct and spontaneous. 
Above all there is evinced a posi- 
tive national consciousness, not 
found in anything like the same 
degree in the earlier collections. 
Here, at last, is a real "Book of 
the Native. ' ' 

To sum up. The Treasury is a 
unique historical document, con- 
taining more poets than any other 
work. It includes poetry good 
and bad, so long as it is Canadian. 
The Oxford Book is most credit- 
able, but reveals a polish that is 
not typical of us. Canadian Poets 
will "prove specially attractive to 
the younger generation, imbued 
with "the ampler poetic ideals of 
Whitman, and a desire for genuine 
self-expression. You sliould own 
one of these three; choose accord- 
ing to your temperament. 

Three lesser anthologies should 
also be noticed. Flowers from a 
Canadian Garden. A Wreath of 
Canadian Poetry, and Canadian 
Singers and their Sotitjs. 

The Flowe:s make a delightful 
button-hole The bunch 
is small enough to be carried in the 
vest iiocket, and contains 75 short 
lyrics. Mr. Burpee is to be con- 
gratulated on his discrimination. 
Only 17 poets are included, and 
all can be found elsewhere, but the 
Flowers are native and beautiful. 
I found the book a most satisfying 
constituent of a canoe trip last 
summer. Tliat is a severe test for 
any jioetry. 


Cunuiian S^rge,s a>'d the^'- 
Songs comes properly under the 
heading of personalia, not antho- 
logy. It is made up of 74 poets' 
photographs, and fac-simile of 74 
hand-written, autographed poems. 
The writing is more legible than 
one would expect. The immediate 
friends of the poets will treasure 
the volume, but its design makes it 
rather unsatisfactory as an antho- 
logy for the general reader who 
wishes to acquire a knowledge of 
Canadian poetry. 

The Wreath is the worst collec- 
tion on the market. The compiler 
says that it is "neither anthology 
nor history, but both. " It is much 
more of a history than an antho- 
logy. A great deal of valuable 
biographical matter is given, in- 
terspersed with poems and frag- 
ments — mo,stly fragments. The 
great drawback to the work is that 
the book purports to be a funeral 
tribute laid on the graves of the 
departed. No one is mentioned 
unless he is dead. Very few of our 
major i)oets had departed by 1904, 
when the book was written. This 
was fortunate for everyliody ex- 
cept the compiler, whose field was 
sadly restricted. Archibald Lamp- 
man was the only poet of prime 
importance who was then dead. Of 
the 37 names which, in my opinion, 
head the list of our poets, only 5 
appear in the Wreath. 

It is difficult to be precise in 
stating the contents of the Wreath. 
The index gives 177 names, but 40 
of these are only mentioned in a 
single short paragraph on page 
283. Another list of also-rans 
stretches from page 22 to page 24. 
So the number of poets actually 
quoted or commented on is piti- 
fullv small. The book has been 


'■'■■= -.r..^ 

i. to 

.c be 

5 a 


The Treasury . . 

135 80 


The Oxford Book 

100 33 


Canadian Poets.. 

52 14 



Author of "The Hickory Stick' 

December, 1921. 

compiled with great care, and con- 
tains much information which will 
prove useful to authors of text- 
books on the beginnings of Can- 
adian prosody. 

A comparison of these antholo-. 
gies brings to light many interest- 
ing facts. He, who started to write 
as Arthur J. Stringer, is now 
Arthui- Stringer. Agnes Ethelwyn 
Wetherald found Agnes a Inirden 
and uncoupled her real self from 
it — for which few will blame her. 
Theodore Roberts has reversed the 
process and is now Theodore Good- 
ridge Rolierts. However 1 must 
not stray into these delectable by- 
paths, but must conclude my ef- 
fort to set out clearly wliat you 
may expect to find in the different 
anthologies, one of which you are 
about to buy. Perhaps the shortest 
wav is to tabulate. 



The 18 names common to all 
three anthologies are : 
Jean Blewett 
G. F. Cameron 
Bliss Carman 
Isabella V. Crawford 
W. H. Drummond 
E. Pauline Johnson 
Archibald Lampman 
Charles Mair 
Helen M. Merrill 
Charles G. 1). Roberts 
Theodore Roberts 
Charles Sangster 
Duncan C. Scott 
Frederick G. Scott 
Albert E. S. Smythe 
Arthur Stringer 
Alan Sullivan 
Ethchvyn Wetherald 

The 14 names following are com- 
mon to the Oxford Bonk and Can- 
adian Poets, but. do not appear in 

tlie Treasury. 

Wilfred Campbell 
Helena Coleman 
Katherine Hale 
J. D. Lcgan 
Isabel E. Mackay 
Geo. A. McKenzie 
W. E. Marshall 
Peter McArtiiur 
Alma F. McCollum 
J. Edgar iliddleton 
Marjorie L. C. Pickthall 
Robert W. Sei-vice 
Virna Sheard 
Albert D. Watson. 

December, 1921. 



Can Beauty Achieve Salvation? 


WE presume that there lias 
never l)eeii a time wlien the 
current poetry of tlie age 
■ — tlie ideals, the ethies, the .juil;;- 
ments ahmit life of its most in- 
fluential poets — liave been (piite so 
widely removed from the religcious 
•orthodoxy of tbe same a^e as they 
are today in Englisb-speakiug 
countries. It would re(iuire more 
space and more research than we 
can spare, if we undertook to make 
out a stated case in support of this 
presumption; and interestiuii as 
the task would l)e. we must leave it 
for abler and more leisured hands. 
But we imagine that most of our 
readers will not insist upon proofs ; 
our presumption corresponds, we 
believe, with their rough-and-ready 
conclusions based upon such ex- 
l)eriences of their own times, and 
such records of others, as come 
ea.sily within theii- reach. They re- 
call how long a time it is since 
a major poet has been found in 
holy orders (outside of the Roman 
Catholic Church), and how infin- 
itesimally little out of the vast 
output of serious poetry of tiie last 
fifty years the churches have been 
able to incorporate into their liymn 
books and even to use with any as- 
surance as decorations for their 
sermons. And they remind them- 
selves that religious orthodoxy has 
for some time been widely re- 
moved also from the current phy- 
sical .science, the current ethical 
beliefs and the current philosophies 
of the age, so that it is scarcely sur- 
prising that it should keep its dis- 
tance from the current poetry in 
which all these things find their 
natural expression in terms of 

It is this great gulf fixed be- 
tween the age's poetry, wliicli it 
has itself evolved, and the age'.s 
religious orthodoxy, which it in- 
herited from a previous era and 
has not yet succeeded in greatly 
modifying, that lends interest to 
the position and efforts of any 
man who seeks to remain in the 
active priesthood of one of the 
great Protestant churches and yet 
to write serious in the lang- 
uage and formulae of his time. For 
all serious verse involves a refer- 
ence to those great questions about 
the relations of the soul, the body, 
the universe, time and eternity, 

which occupy men's minds in their 
liiglu'i' moments, and wliich the or- 
tiiodox religions undertake tiiorc or 
less full.N' to answer. A Bishop can 
wi'itc limericks, a .Moilcrator can 
compose vers dv xocivlc; but it is 
hard for even a (-urate to write an 
Ode on Immortality which will take 
its i)lace in the manth of poetic 
tiiought at the proper distance 
after Word.sworth, Keats, Matthew 
Arnold, Tennyson, Stevenson, Kij)- 
ling and Masefield, aiul will yet 
not cause his ecclesiastical su- 
periors to iiint that he keep to the 
far less dangerous paths of prose. 

It is for this reason largely that 
we are interested in "Bill Boram, " 
the long poem by Robert Norwood 
which its publishers, McClelland & 
Stewart, (Toronto, ,$1.."')0) call "A 
Dramatic Tale of the Sea". It is 
not merely that Mr. Norwood is an 
Anglican clergyman; that might 
i)e an accident. He is more than 
that; he is spiritually "in" the 
great body of orthodox religion, 
and j'et he is trying to write poetry 
which in substance as well as in 
form will belong to the current 
poetical movement. Probably he 
would deny that the gulf is as 
great as we have described, or that 
so tremendous an effort is needed 
to bridge it. And in answer to that 
we can only repl.v that in our opin- 
ion Mr. Norwood has not bridged 
it, that "Bill Boram" is not 
twentieth-century poetry (about 
which we claim to know some- 
thing), and may not even be 
twentieth-century religious ortho- 
dox,v (about which we do not claim 
to know nuich), and cannot safel,v 
be regarded as anything more 
than a clever and interesting ex- 
pre'ssion of an interesting person- 

Bill Boi'am was a Xova Scf)tia 
fishing skipper who was "bad". 
We are given details of his bad- 
ness; he ([uite commonly used the 
expression "Ma.v God damn this 
shi])", and when on shore he used 
to (li-ink rum and to associate freel.v 
with Kate Coolin, desci-ibed in the 
prefatory list of "Persons of the 
Storv" as "A t,vpe of that lure of 
sex which damns because it is pos- 
sessive." His redeeming features 
(the prefatory list calls them his 
"points of contact with the In- 

finite") were a love of flowers and 
of all things physically beautiful, 
and one or two unselfish friend 
ships. One day when things were 
going badly on a fishing trip he 
kicked and killed the cook 
of the fishing ve.s.sel, a simple- 
minded .soul with extraordinarily 
beautiful blue eyes. The revulsion 
of feeling after that act of brut- 
ality turned him into a man of 
sternly moral life and a missionary 
to the fishermen among whom he 
dwelt. The character.s, the situa- 
tion, the action, the psychology, all 
are perfectly sound." Masefield, 
whom Mr. Norwood has been study- 
ing to much purpose, would have 
confined himself to the facts and 
made a good stirring ballad out of 
them, but with nutch more poetic 
value out of Kate Coolin, whom Mr. 
X'orwood dismisses with the in- 
stinctive contempt of the clergy- 
man for the unrepentant prostitute. 

Not .so the Canadian poet. His 
mind is pre-occupied (as no 
twentieth-century poet's mind can 
surely be) with the idea of "sal- 
vation ' '. It is a new kind of salva- 
tion that he has to preach and to 
demonstrate, but it resembles all 
previous kinds in that it requires a 
sinner incapable of saving himself. 
So first of all we have to be con- 
vinced of Bill's sinfulness— which 
IS not a pleasant or suitable job 
for poetry — and then of the re- 
generating power of the thing 
which saves him, which is nothing 
else than Beauty as exhibited in 
the reproachful blue e.ves of the 
half-killed cook. Now one of the 
diffei'ences between orthodox or- 
ganised religion and the current 
poetry of the period is that the 
former looks for sinfulness in acts, 
the latter in character. And Mr. 
.\orwood relies upon acts — he has 
to, because he knows that at bot- 
tom, and with due allowance for 
circumstances. Bill's character is 
decent enough ; he was obliged to 
make it so, or nobody would have 
believed in his "conversion". Any 
legislature can make rum-drinking 
a crime ; but a whole Parliament of 
poets cannot make the present-dav 
poetry-reader regard it as a siii 
per se. 

Gambling bouts with rum and bloody 


may be serious matters for tlie 
ehiireh-member, but the poetry- 
reader rather likes them. Eveu 
the things that took place when 
Kate Coolin and her gang turned 

Things that must be 
Passed by with veiled or with averted 

(how much more like a sermon tlian 
a poem that sounds!) need to be 
considered not as isolated acts, but 
in tlie light of psychology and cir- 
cumstances, before we can tell 
whether they are the tokens of a 
genuinely sinful character or 
merelj' the honest outbursts of an 
exuberant nature in one who lias 
never learnt the more idealistic 
aspects of sex. 

We have not space for moi-e tliaii 
one quotation from Mr, Norwood's 
many efforts to demonstrate the 
regenerating power of Beauty upon 
the human soul which allows itself 
to respond thereto; but it is the 
crucial one, the utterance of Bill 
Boram when he sees the cook's 
eyes and realises what he has done. 
Bill is kneeling by the prostrate 
body, and the rest of the crew, 
terror-stricken, are standing clear: 


"God damn the feet that steps upon 
a flower. 

The fingers that has ever blossoms 

Ood damn to torments o' hell's hot- 
test hour 

Me for a traitor! . . . Men, 1 has 

Beauty! , . . Look at his eyes!" 

Can this astonishing apostrophe be 
accepted, not as the actual utter- 
ance (w-e do not ask that in poetry 
now), but as even the most sub- 
limated representation of the most 
sub-conscious contents of the mind. 
of a man who has just come with- 
in an ace of killing a life-long fel- 
low-worker in a fit of unreasoning 
anger? Mind you, it is physical 
beauty, the colour of eyes and of 
flowers and of evening skies, that is 
in question all the way through 
this poem. Mr. Norwood does not 
want us for one moment to believe 
that it was the spiritual beauty of 
the cook's character, suddenly 
realised by Bill in the shock of re- 
action from his murderous wratli, 
that led to Bill's conversion. Nor 
do spiritual beauty and lovely eyes 
neces.sarily dwell together; some 
of the most exquisitely-coloured 
eyes we have ever seen — but we 

December, \'.)2\. 

No; it seems to us that the gulf 
is too great and will not be bridged. 
Ugliness and sin are not synonym- 
ous, nor are beauty and virtue. 
' ' Conversion " is a very great 
mystery, and is not to be explain- 
ed as an operation of the aesthetic 
sense — which is often much 
stronger in sinners than in the 
apparently converted. Mr. Nor- 
wood's effort is courageous, honest 
and interesting ; but his concep- 
tion of sin is that of a minister of 
religion rather than a poet of 1921 
— a minister who is trying to con- 
vert his religion into poetry but 
cannot quite manage it. AVe have 
not space to deal with the work- 
manship of the poem in points of 
detail : but it exhibits the same 
(jualities which have gained for 
the author's earlier books so large 
a following. Intellectually Mr. 
Norwood's progress is extra- 
ordinarily interesting; he is so 
obviously and sincerely feeling his 
way towards a higher truth than 
he has yet reached. And unlike 
most of our poets, he is concerned 
witli the biggest things of life and 
not its minutiae. 

Masques and Dusters 

THE du.stei- habit was bound 
to spread to Canada. In this 
excessively democratic age 
the demand of the public for really 
"inside" information about their 
rulers is insatiable, as many jnil)- 
lishers in many parts of tlie world 
have found to their great advant- 

Unfort^unately a du.ster is not 
the only requisite. You must have 
a mirror, whether it be of Down- 
ing Street or of Sparks Street, so 
placed that when properly dusted 
it will reflect the visages of the 
truly great, not as they exhibit 
themselves to the common public, 
but as they appear in their mo- 
ments of private self-communion. 
The Masques of Ottawa, by Dom- 
ino (Macmillan, Toronto," $2.00) 
differs from The Mirrors of Down- 
ing Street mainly in this, that its 
author is not, and cannot make 
himself appear, one of the real 
insiders of Canadian political life. 
He is probably a journalist, of the 
wri'^ing kind ; that is to say, the 
kind which writes with great 
fluency tlie opinions which much 
more imijortant journalists (some 
of whom have never written while 
others have long ceased to write) 
have decided to pay him to write. 

Sucli a ]ieiiman customarily dis- 
guises to himself, and sometimes to 
others, his own very moderate im- 
portance, by adopting a tone of 
extreme flippancy or lofty patron- 
age towards the personages with 
whom his writings have to deal. 
This does not greatly matter in the 
daily press, but .seems out of place 
within the covers of a large book. 
It is doubtless true that the 
heads of the Canadian political 
l)arties are not quite such large 
and interesting personalities as 
those depicted in The Mirrors of 
Downing Street. But we are irre- 
sistibly impelled to believe that 
there is more dignity, more depth 
and even more picturesqueness to 
them than these Domino portraits 
give an.y hint of. Not that Dom- 
ino is less than frank about his own 
limitations. His book starts with 
the admission that he never met 
the present Premier save once for 
eleven seconds. His intimacy with 
Mackenzie King appears to have 
been mainly a matter of listening 
to that gentleman's speeches. These 
things being so, one wonders why 
Domino should feel the call to 
write a book about these and oMier 
gentlemen with whom his contacts 
have been equally superficial. 

Tliere must be men in Western 
Canada who know the inside of Mr. 
Meighen, and men, perhaps in 
Colorado, who know the inside of 
Mr. Mackenzie Khig. 

The one really good sketcli in the 
liook is that of the cue man in Can- 
adian politics whom it was never 
difficult to know — whom even a 
cub-reporter could see tjie heart 
of — Sir Sam Hughes. Sir Lomer 
Gouin, who goodness knows is pict- 
uresque enough, occupies eleven 
pages of which five are devoted to 
an interview with a Quebec Na- 
tionalist who must have tremend- 
ously enjoyed being so clever at 
the expense of his own provincial 
Premier and of a guileless English- 
speaking newspaper man. A. dozen 
other good .subjects are drowned in 
a maze of meaningless words. 

There is one Canadian (or ex- 
( 'aiiadian ) writer who could have 
wi'itten this book properly if lie 
could have got his mind away from 
the wrongs of Ireland. Tliat wri'e!- 
is J. C. Walsh, once editor of the 
Montreal Herald, and a journalist 
who could both understand men 
and depict them. Domino is a de- 
cided Nationalist, but beyond all 
jieradventure of doubt. Domino is 
not J. C. Walsh. 

December, li'LM. 



How to Write a Successful Novel 

By P. W. LUCE 

So that all other (Canadian 
writers may have an equal 
chance of winning that $"2,500 
prize offered by MacLean's Mag- 
azine and the Miisson Book Com- 
pany, I have decided not to enter 
the competition foi- the best novel 
sent in before next June. I look 
upon this as tantamount to a sa- 
crifice of $2,">00 on my part, but 
we must all make some sacrifices 
for tlie advancement of Canadian 
literature. This is mine. 

It would perhaps be unfair if I 
did pit myself the other 
hundreds of other brilliant Can- 
adians who write stories. My 
greater experience would leave 
them so far in the lurch that it 
would be a pitiful exhibition. Dur- 
ing the past eighteen months I have 
written stories, sketches and skits 
for ninety-seven of the leading 
Canadian and American magazi- 
nes. You will have to take my 
word for four of these stories until 
such time as they are published, 
but I have rejection slips to show 
for tbe' other ninety-three. 

Editors, great and small, liber- 
ally sprinkled these rejection slips 
with saline tears before forwarding 
them to me. It all but broke their 
heait to find they had no room for 
my masterpieces, and I gather they 
sat up late at night praying earn- 
estly that I would soon dispose of 
the material in a better market. I 
am quite certain that their pray- 
ers will be answered in every, 
but am not quite sure whether 
thev will be answered "Yes", or 

As many of the entrants in this 
novel competition have only the 
haziest ideas of what constitutes 
a book, I will endeavor to make 
this clear to the meanest intelli- 
gence : 

A book is that which has two 
stiff covers and lies evenly and 
stiffly between those covers. 

All books have length and 
breadth, but very few have any 
depth. A popular book is a book 
which has no parts and no magn- 
itude, and which lies obviously 
from cover to cover. 

A book which is not fit to read, 
my . dear, becomes a Best Seller 
after it has been banned by a 
Chucklehead Censor. 

A book which is painfully moral 
and perfectly proper is said (after 

the Sunday School Libraries have 
been supplied) to be a drug on the 

Two or more books which deal 
with the same thing in the same 
way are equal to one another, and 
are one book at (l(ud)le the i)rice. 

Books which are e(|ual in length 
and breadth to the same book are 
not necessarily equal to one an- 

A book is that of the writing of 
which there is no end bv Harold 
Bell Wright, Zane Grey, and 
Robert W. Chambers. 

If so be that a book is to be il- 
lustrated, the shall under no 
circumstances read the man- 
uscript, for this might tempt him 
to make his illustrations harmonize 
with the text. Which would be 
running counter to tradition, and, 
therefore would be absurd. 

Having studied these few pro- 
IKisitions, the ambitious writer will 
be in a position to understand more 
clearly what is required of him in 
this $2,500 competition. The next 
thing is to select a plot. 

Pick out a good strong elastic 
plot, which you can stretch and 
twist this way and that as your 
story develops. Remember that 
the wedding bells must ring in the 
last chapter. Take care of the 
denouement and the details will 
take care of themselves. Do net 
suppose all is lost if you inadvei t- 
ently marry the heroine to the vil- 
lain in Chapter 23 — the divorce 
courts will prove your salvation if 
the bold bad man is too tough a 
guy to toss over a cliff on a dark 
and stormy night. 

Start off with a snap. No mat- 
ter about deseriptious or scenery. 
You can drag that iu later, when 
you've properly corralled your 
readers. But remember that in the 
beginning the interest in your 
novel is null and void, and it's up 
to you to create curiosity. Say 
something startling, and say it 

The very best opening I ever saw 
for a novel was this sentence : 

" ' Oh, Hell ! ', said the Duchess, 
who up to that time had taken no 
part iu the conversation." 

I defy even a book reviewer to 
stop short after reading that sen- 
tence. He will be startled; he 
may be shocked, but he will cer- 
tainlv read on until he has found 

out all about the previous conver- 
sation, and is in a position to judge 
whether the Duchess wa-s justified 
in the use of the short but strong 

As an opening sentence, that 
beats anything Grenville Kleiser 
or the Scranton International Cor- 
respondence Schools ever thought 
of. It is short, but it embodies 
every element that should be in the 
first i)aragraph of a successful 

An inspiration like that does not 
come very often. The ease in writ- 
ing comes from art, not chance, 
and when you start to unwind the 
tangled skein of your twisted yarn, 
you'll find there is a pleasure in 
creative pains which only writers 
know. Only writers know exactly 
what Job meant when he holler- 
ed "Oh, that mine enemy had 
written a book"... And even at 
that, some of us are none too .sure! 

For those who do not wield the 
pen of a ready writer, and who find 
some difficulty in transferring 
their scraps of ideas to scraps of 
paper, consolation may be found 
in the fact that there is mighty 
little left under the sun that has 
not been revamped and rehashed 
times without number. W. L. 
George has just brought out "Hail, 
Columbia," which contains many 
glittering exercises in light comedy 
and is designed for popular con- 
sumption. All that he says has 
been said before by Oscar Wilde, 
by E. V. Lucas, by G. K. Chester- 
ton, by Charles Dickeus, and bj' 
scores of others, but that is a 
matter of no moment. Readers 
thrive ou platitudes and buncombe, 
if it is only made interesting. They 
are the world's Fat Boy and Oliver twisted into one. They never 
get old enough to learn. For which 
let us be truly thankful. 

Whenever an English author is 
sorely beset by the income tax col- 
lector, he picks up his golf clubs, 
adju.sts his monocle, and hies for 
a week-end visit to New York, 
Boston, Chicago, and Great Neck, 
Mich. The result is a best seller. 

When a writer has a paucity of 
ideas, he should counterbalance 
this by a rash of words. In the 
multitude of sentences there is 
confusion, and many a poor story 
has been accepted by an editor be- 
cause he could discover no earthly 
reason for rejecting it. 



December, 1921. 

A knowledge of grammar is use- 
ful, but not essential. Only a few 
pedants know whether one should 
say "You and I"' or "You and 
me", anyway. I cheerfully con- 
fess that what 1 do not know about 
gratamar would fill a very large 
book, and if there is any rule I 
have not broken in the twenty 
years I have been slinging ink, it 
is because of my ignorance, and not 
through deliberate discrimination. 
Quite a few magazines and publish- 
ing fii-ms keep a proofreader whose 
duty it is to see that a certain num- 
ber of mistakes get into print, and 
this individual is supposed to 
know something about grammar, 
and act accordingly. 

For those who have no faith in 
proofreaders, there are quite a 
number of Literai-y Agents in New 
York who will undertake — for a 
fee — to pass judgment on a man- 
uscript. In their own peculiar way 
these agents serve a useful purpose 
in the life of an ambitious writer. 
In the first place he is stimulated 
to write by their advertisements, 
telling how Kipling sold to the ex- 
tent of 2,000,000 copies last year, 
and how Mark Twain's estate col- 
lected $84,000 in royalties in 1920. 
In the second place, after sending 
his manuscript for expert revi- 
sion, and being advised ten months 
later that there is no trace of it in 
the Literary Agent's office, and 
chances are that it never was re- 
ceived, he is induced to write a 
second and better book. Xotliing 
so irritates a Literary Agent as to 
sell a pianuscript, but this so seldom 
happens that his periods of mental 
abberration are few and far dis- 
tant. Once in a long while the 
agent forgets to lose submitted 
stories, and they are eventually re- 
turned — but never to the right 
author. It is a point of honor with 
the New York clan that if a script 
came from Arkansas it must be 
sent, postage collect, to some un- 
fortunate client in Colum- 
bia. I know. I have been the un- 
fortunate client. 

One of the greatest errors most 
young writers do is to study 
Shakespeare. William of Avon was 
not an author; he was a playwright. 
He prepared material for the 
stage, not for the printed page. To 
take only one of his now-familiar 
aphorisms: "Brevity is the soul 
of wit" (most appropriately 
spoken by Polonius, who was al- 
ways wiUing to agree to anything), 
what writer at so-much-per-word 
is willing to subscribe to such 
tenets? I consider brevity to be 
the essence of stupidity. I can be 

brief, but I am not, no, not once. I 
could have written this article in 
half the length, or not at all, but 
that would have been most unfair 
to my bank account. 

The young writer should shun 
brevity as he would shun a Cor- 
respondence Course in Journalism. 
It would lead him to a bad end. Let 
me give two examples of how words 
can be made to do a little brief 
service, or can be made to coin 
money at so-much-per-word. 

Suppose you wished to complain 
to a railway company of the racket 
made by a switch engine in freight 
yards at night, under the Shake- 
spearean Brevity System you 
would say: 

"The noise made by your switcli 
engine is very annoying." 

Under the So-much-per-word 
system you would first overhaul 
your Webster, give a few moment "s 
attention to "Trench, on AVords". 
dive deep into Roget's Thesaurus, 
and then pound out a two-fisted 
sentence something like this: 

"Wliy is it that your switch 
engine has to ding and dong and 
fizz and spit and clang and bawl 
and buzz and hiss and bell and 
wail and pant and rant and howl 
and yowl and grate and grind and 
puff and bump and click and 
clang and chug and moan and lioot 
and toot and crash and grunt and 
gasp and groan and whis'le and 
wheeze and squawk and blow and 
jar and jerk and rasp and jingle 
and twang and clack and rumble 
and jangle and jing and ring and 
clatter and yelp and howl and hum 
and snarl and puff and groan and 
tliump and boom and clasli and 
jolt and throb and blob and hump 
and blump and jostle and shake 
and screech and snort and slam 


and Clink and quiver and rumble 
and roar and rattle and rumple 
and yell and smoke and .smell and 
sJiriek like Billy-Be-Damned all 
night long?" 

Tliat "s the way to write a 90,000 
word book. Use all the words you 
can. Use some of them twice if 
you can get away with it. If ytni 
rim out of words sanctioned by tiie 
Established Church of England, 
coin new ones. They're just as 
good. I've coined several new 
ones in the above list, and atten- 
tion is hereby deliberately called 
to them so that the editoi- will not 
be tempted to murder them with 
his blue pencil. 

After your moving finger has 
writ, and, having writ, moved on, 
do not lure it back to cancel half 
a line, nor let your tears blot out 
a word of it. It isn't done. Too 
much polisli might stamp you as 
a tyro. And do not hesitate to ap- 
propriate. Bear in mind that when 
Omar smote his bloomin' lyre and 
saw what 'e might require, 'e went 
and took, the same as Kipling and 
yours truly. You can always ex- 
plain it away on the plea of un- 
conscious plagiarism. 

If yf)Ui- thoughts are wandering 
and vapid, don't hesitate on that 
account. Set 'em down. Your 
novel will get by easily if you 
describe it as a Psychological 
Study, or a Literary Metabolism, 
or something equally illuminating. 
And don "t, oh don "t, please don "t 
lose heart if you cannot reach a 
satisfactory conclusion. Let the 
reader worry out the solution. He 
has more time. It will cause re- 
viewers to argue, and arguments 
kindle interest, and interest means 
sales. Bear in mind wliat happen- 
ed to Frank Stockton's "The Lady 
or the Tiger", to Dickens' "The 
My.stery of Edwin Drood'', and to 
scores of other famous works of 
which I never heard. 

Just a few words regarding the 
technique of the $2, .500 Prize 
Novel. Write on both sides of 
transparent pape". with a weak 
I'cd and black ribbon. Choose a 
typewriter with plenty of broken 
characters and a space bar that is 
lazy ; otherwise you will be detected 
as a beginner. Leave no margin ;use 
the single space, and write your 
name and address in ink on the 
last page, as illegibly as you can. 
Avoid sliort .sentences, and para- 
giai)li infrequently. This will 
make your work lock like a gov- 
ernment Blue Book, and will make 
the publisher's readers feel the 
same way. 

L^se Latin terms if you know 

December, l!i21. 



Greek, and Greek terms if yon 
•know Latin. In this way yon are 
not so apt to set tlie ri-jlit expres- 
sion in the riglit i)lace. Scatter 
slang with lavish hand: Lardner's 
drivel brings him in $180,000 a 
year. Make freqnent references 
to other anthors: that sliows your 
wide accinaintance in the literary 
world. If ever you are at a loss 
for a few thousand woi-ds. just 
have one of your characters — pre- 
ferably a child with weak eves, — 

read three lu- four chapters of 11. 
(;. Wells' "Outline of History". 
nr make the deep-dyed villain re- 
cite the Book of .lob from l)e<;in- 
ning to end. It will be a fitting 
|)nni.shment for the villain — and 
it will pad out your work iiuigni- 
fii'i'iil ly ! 

Make ymu' stalcnicnls (if fact 
sufficiently obvious. Do nut mere- 
ly say that "the sun rose"; ex- 
plain that "the sun gradually rose 
over the low hori/on in the effete 

east at early morning dawn, as the 
long night was slowly dying." 
That's much more effective. 

Of (!Ourse practice helps too. 
For, though writing maketh an 
exact man, reading maketh an 
editor an ex('eeding exacting man. 
Still, by following my advice, 
.some day y(ni will wake up very 
much surpiised to discover you 
have won the '^'IJM) \n\/.c. 

And I, too, will be very much 
surpi-ised ! 

A Rapidly Progressing Novelist 

MR. Robert Watson, of Brit- 
ish Columbia, is a striking 
example of what can be ac- 
complished, in the training up of 
a Canadian anther in the way in 
wliich lie should go, by a little 
syniiiathetic support of his earlier 
work and a kindly tolerance of his 
weaknesses. It is the rarest thing 
in the world for an author to bloom 
.suddenly into complete proficiency 
as a mushroom cometh up in the 
night. Like a tree, lie must have 
soil, sun and rainfall — a public, 
a publisher and a body of criti- 
cism — even for the early stages 
of his development, long before he 
has attained his projier growth. ]\Ir. 
Watson has been writing novels for 
nine or ten years. He lias published 
several of them through the same 
firm, McCleUand & Stewart of 
Toronto, which has issued his pre- 
sent book. In them all he exhibit- 
ed a marked native capacity for 
story-telling. He was handiea]3])ed 
in the beginning by a strong dispo- 
sition to a very clammy kind of 
sentiment and to .stilted and un- 
life-like dialogue. But his pub- 
lishers liad faith in him, he had a 
friendly public, esi)ecially in the 
West, and the more careful Can- 
adian critics recognised his pre- 
mise while reprehending his weak- 
nesses. And each successive novel 
showed a perceptible advance 
towards the conquest of the latter. 
But we doubt if anybody was 
prepared for so sudden an achieve- 
ment as that represented by "The 
Spoilers of the Valley." This is 
a book which will take its place 
among tlie standard examples of 
the Western novel (Canadian or 
American) of vigorous but not 
melodramatic action, and of pic- 
turescjue but not extravagant char- 
acter-drawing. The fable is a suf- 
ficiently ancient one — that of the 

man who feels it his duty to under- 
go a prison sentence in substitu- 
tion for his friend, and who latei' 
finds that the friend is not worth 
the sacrifice. But we cannot recall 
having ever seen this situation more 
dexterously motivated, or enacted 
by more plausible characters. The 
action takes ])lace in Mr. Watson's 
own valley in the Okanagan coun- 
try, in the golden years before 
1914: and he makes us feel that 
that country really M-as a place in 
which there were gathered to- 
gether an unusually large number 
of young men with characters de- 
veloped to the extreme in one 
direction (»r another — high idealism 
or sordid wealth-seeking, intense 
|)ul)lic spirit or intense private sel- 
fishness, a strong sense of honour 
or a strong contempt for all that 
goes by that name. The clashes be- 
tween these characters lead to quite 
a number of .scenes of violence, but 
they are not the kind of fights that 
Mr. Watson used to write about 
and that most of our Western 

Author of "The Spoilers of the Valley.' 

noveli.sts still fancy. There is no 
miraculous laying-out of the town 
bully and a string of his henchmen 
by the single-handed hero, endow- 
e<l with superhuman .strength by a 
glance from the eyes of his beloved. 
In fact, the he:o ami his friend get 
i-ather badly mauled themselves on 
several occasions, which will per- 
haps spoil Mr. Wat.son's Ix.ok for 
the movies but makes it vastly more 
like real life. There is quite a lot 
of crime, and quite a lot of crim- 
inal-chasing; but they are the 
crimes, the criminals and the 
chasers whom f)ne expects to find 
in a thinly populated and newly 
settled territory with a great deal 
of ill-guarded wealth. And there 
is one very nice girl who is quite 
lightly drawn and kept in the back- 
ground for most of the time, which 
is Avhere she belongs in this kind 
of a novel. 

There is still a tendency to over- 
directness of statement where a 
mere suggestion would do very 
much better. It was not necessary, 
for example, to sound the wedding- 
bdl motif quite so loudly for the 
hei-o's chum in the last chapter, 
but .Mr. Watson was evidently de- 
termined to have all his characters 
definitely provided for in black 
and white before he wrote "The 
End. We are sorry, moreover. 
that .M . Wat.son disapproves of 
Ciiinamen. Personally, we thought 
-\h Sing a verv picturesque and 
likeable character, and we feel that 
British Columbia would be a much 
less suitable place for ilr. Wat- 
son's stories if he were not there. 
It merely shows that Mr. Watson 
is a far better artist than propa- 
gandist ; as, he has dra^vn us 
a human Chinaman, when the pro- 
pagandist would have evolve<l an 
embodiment of the YeUow Peril 
out of his inner consciousness. 



December, 1921. 

In Love with the Man of Nazareth 


A People' Life of Christ, by J. 

Paterson-Smvth, B.D., LL.D., 

Litt. D.. D.C.L. 

AS a book, this is a most read- 
able one. As a life of Christ, 
it is fascinating. It is not 
(iiil\- a People's Life of Christ in 
name, it is bound to be a popular 
one in substance. It is alive with 
suggestion for the "man in the 
street " " ; its bright, crisp, easy style 
is sure to appeal to a wide modern 
public. For members of the 
Church, it is iustinct with a fresh 
and modern note. Several chap- 
ters scintillate with such a charm 
that readers will dip into them 
again and again. While the author 
draws out of an intellectual and 
spiritual treasury rich in things 
old and new, the book is conver- 
sational rather tlian scholastic, 
graphic rather than technical, pict- 
orial rather than controversial, 
psychological rather than theolo- 
gical, persuasive rather than dog- 
matic. The author, like his Christ, 
is in touch with life at every point. 
He has fairly fallen in love with 
the Man of Nazareth : and will in- 
fect ethers. 

It is a life-like Christ that we 
have in this Life, vitalised by a 
master-artist out of the Gospels, — 
which are not taken as Lives of 
our Lord, but are rather collections 
of "reminiscences, incidents, and 
discoveries treasured in the minds 
of the first disciples, and not al- 
waj^s set down in consecutive 
order." The ari-angement follow- 
ed in this book is not calculated to 
arouse technical criticism. The 
author is a born storj'-teller. Pos- 
sibilities become probabilities 
under the reverent touch of his 

fine imagination. To him the Eter- 
nities are as natural as the huma- 
nities. He is as much at home amid 
the realities of the Unseen as he is 
amid the actualities of the seen. 

The opening chapters tell us of 
the unseen eternities where we 
"first touch the life of Christ", 
God preparing to speak to man by 
a Word entering human form. We 
next see "a world preparing," and 
"a world set thinking", before the 
Biith at Bethlehem, which follows 
naturally. The picture of the 
Mother and of the early j'ears of 
Jesus is charming. "The stupend- 
ous secret of the divinity of her 
Son only came to her in her later 
years ' ' ; while Christ 's messianic 
consciousness "lay somehow latent 
in His subconscious mind". "The 
limitations cf His humanity meant 
a certain shutting out of the full 
con.sciousness of His true dignity 
in the eternal world." The child 
comes to earth "with no infinite 
knowledge. He had to leain the 
facts of His religion." We note 
"a slumbering interest in the 
eternal awaking in the boy of 
twelve" — a life-like Christ, nat- 
ural amid eternal things as amid 
flowers and birds and children and 
all the homely ways and com- 
panionships of human life. In 
tliose days we see a blithe, glad- 
some, cheerful Christ, "so human, 
so friendly, so pleasant", that it 
is no wonder that all kinds of 
l^eople are attracted to Him. Book 
III is a story of His first year of 
public life, the chapter on tlie Cana 
wedding meriting special notice. 
Book IV tells of His doings at Ca- 
pernaum, and throws a new at- 
mosphere around many incidents. 

Book V recalls "Memories of the 
Jerusalem road", six months prior 
to His entrance. His teachings on 
the Fatherhood of God, the Bro- 
therhood of Man, Responsibilit}', 
and The Great Assize, bringing us 
to the end of the Road along which 
He had so often attempted to bring 
His message to the Capital ; and in 
Book VI we see Him at Jerusalem. 

The pictures are instinct with 
life. Tlie author helps the ages 
in stripping off from the Christ 
the "purple and scarlet", the fic- 
titious glory of a discarded royalty 
and of an alien philosophy; "puts 
on Him His own clothes", reveal- 
ing Him in the dignity and majesty 
of His mvn personality as He goes 
forth to His redemption of man- 
kiiul. The scenes at Gethsemane, 
Calvary, the Tomb, are as fresh as 
if they had never been portrayed 
before. Those who read such nat- 
uralistic portraits as Wells and 
others are presenting to "the man 
in the street" today should study 
this natural portrait of the Christ. 

Many will read the Resurrec- 
tion story more than onc.e. "An 
old man's Easter Memories" are 
among the finest touches in " the 
book. The sublimation of that 
wondrous life into spiritual real- 
ity, the passing of that Personality 
into a spiritual Presence of a high- 
er order, different yet the same, 
near in fellowship and inspiration 
to the lives of men, leave all who 
read this book with a living Christ 
who can never cease to be aught 
than natural, human, divine, im- 
mortal ; one who has only to be so 
lifted up to draw all men unto 

Christmas in Heaven 



OW hushed they were in Heaven that night. 
How lightly all the angels went. 
How dumb the .singing spheres beneath 
Their many-candled tent ! 

How silent all the di-ifting throng 
Of earth-freed spirits, strangely torn 

By dim and half-remembered pain 
And ,ioy but newly born ! 

The Glory in the Highest flamed 
With awful, unremembered ray — 

But quiet as the falling dew 
Was He who went awa\". 

So swift He went. His passing left 
A low, bright door in Heaven ajar- 

With God it was a covenant. 
To man it seemed a star. 

Div.'inh.T, IOL'1. 



Nellie Puts Herself in a Book 


Anew lidok l)y Xcllif McClung 
iirouses I'xpectatidii. It may 
lie that, (Icvelopinjr, growing;- 
witli the years, she may bring oft' 
the big book she is eapable of 
writing. "Purple Springs" (Allan, 
Toronto, $2) is ambitious. 

"A man's (or a woman's) reaeh 
should exeeeil his grasp or what's 
a heaven for". The "reach" of 
Mrs. McChing is patent, not so tiie 

In electing to incorporate in the 
plot of "Purple Spriugis" the 
.story of the decline and fall of tlie 
notorious Roblin government Mrs. 
McC'lung was attempting to do 
what badly needed to be done : fix 
definitely for the amaze of futui-e 
generations that period of political 
debauchery unparalleled and that 
wonderful camjiaign of satire and 
ridicule, in wliich Mrs. MeClung 
herself had so conspicuous a part 
and which ushered out the old era 
in a gale of contemptuous laughter 
and brought in a new era in har- 
rassed Manitoba. Only those wIki 
lived in Winnipeg at that time (as 
the writer did) can appreciate the 
services of Mrs. McClung which it 
has fallen to another city prope; ly 
to reward. I i-efer to Mrs. Mc- 
Clung "s election to the Alberta Le- 
gislature for the city of Edmonton. 

Mrs. McClung has done some 
measure of justice to the part she 
played, to the part women played, 
in the defeat of Roblinism or 
perhaps it were juster to say Ro- 
gersism but she has omitted much 
that is essential to the picture. To 
mention but one very unportant 
factor; she makes no reference to 
Mr. W. J. Healy's series, "Mr. 
Pepys in Winnipeg'", which, ap- 
pearing from da\' to day in his 
"Heliograms" column in the Man- 
itoba Free Press, exposed with bit- 
ing irony and mordant wit the 
basic — and — buttresses of 
the power of the machine : night 
clubs ("Clubs of that class") 
and, as Artemas Ward would say, 

A more serious eouut in the in- 
dictment of the .story as an ac- 
count of a stirring period is that 
Mrs. ^IcClung has compromised 
and ha.s in spirit as in fact falsified 
the record. I suppose it would be 
inadvisable to introduce into a 
novel an authentic portrait of Sir 
Rodmcnd Roblin or the Hon. Mr. 
Howden. Verisimilitude would 

perliai)s, be non-artistic, but to 
twist, to ciiangc the fact.s, as Mrs. 
McClung has done was surely not 
necessai-y. The author wisiicd to 
make tiie i)oint that the laws of 
Manitoba were, under tlie old re- 
gime, exceedingly unjust to 
women. She conceived the idea, 
in an unhappy moment, that it 
would strengtiien her case to make 
the Premier him.self guilty of 
victimizing his women folk under 
the protection of the law. So she 
invented a son's widow. John 
(iraham (that is the Premier's 
name in the novel) threatens to 
de])rive his daughter-in-law of her 
sou and send him to school in Eng- 
land. (Can one imagine the real 
Hol)lin so enamored of education, 
and. despite his propensity for 
flag-waving. English education as 
all that?) The daughter-in-law 
denies her marriage to Jim Gra- 
ham and flies to Purple Springs 
where she suffers ostracism be- 
cause, ill her fear of discovery, she 
does not set at rest the rumors that 
arise about her. The episode seems 
far fetched. 

I do not complain that to at- 
tribute to Sir Rodmond a cruelty 
of heart that would separate 
mother and son needles.sly blackens 
his character, though that part- 
icular kind of baseness was not 
his. He had a bad twist in his 
make-up, undoubtedly ; he believed 
in his divine right to rule the Prov- 
ince of Manitoba and in the em- 
ployment of any devilish trick to 
maintain that divine 'right. Mrs. 
McClung does not spare him, but 
she takes ca:e to .show him not 
wliolly baise. In liis per.sonal rela- 
tions with his friends and hench- 
men Sir Rodmond was invaluably 
kindly — a crony. 

I was not fortunate enough to 
witness the famous play which Mrs. 
McClung wrote and which will go 
down in history as an example of 
the power of satire to effect pol- 
itical ends. The laughter it 
aroused was so titillating, such a 
hurricane, that it swept the gov- 
ernment machine from its base and 
'.evealed the whole rotten cement 
of graft and corruption in which 
it had been embedded. The best 
chapter in the novel is the one in 
which the Premier in disguise wit- 
nesses the mock parliament of 
women receive a delegation of men 
a.sking for the right to vote and 

hears his speech in which lie had 
shortly before answered a similar 
petitirju from the women travestied 
inimitably and all his well known 
mannerisms mocked. 

"But. my dear young friends." the 
premier wa.s .saying. "I am convinced 
you do not know what you are asking 
me to do." Her tone wa.s didactic now; 
siie was a patient Sunday school 
teacher, laboring with a class of erring 
boys charitable to their many failings 
and frailties, hopeful of the ultimate 
destmy. "You do not know what- you 
ask. You have not thought of it of 
course, with the natural thoughtless- 
ness of your sex. You ask for some- 
thing which may disrupt the whole 
course of civilization. Man's place is 
to provide for his family, a hard 
enough task in these strenuous days. 
We hear ^f women leaving home, and 
we hear it with deepest sorrow. Do you 
know why women leave home? There 
is a reason. Home is not made suffi- 
ciently attractive. Would letting poli- 
tics enter the home help matters? Ah 
no. Politics would mean unsettled 
bills — unsettled bills mean broken 
homes, broken vows and then divorce." 
Her noice was heavy with sorrow. 

An exalted mood was on her now 

a mood they all knew well. It had 
carried elections. It was the premier's 
highest card. His friends called it his 
magnetic appeal. "Man has a higher 
destiny than politics. What is a home 
without a bank account? The man 
who pays the grocer rules the world. 
Shall I call men away from the useful 
plough and harrow, to talk aloud on 
street corners about the things which 
do not concern them? Ah no! I love 
the farm and the hallowed associations 
—the dear old farm, with drowsy treble 
of the cow-bells at eventide. There I 
see my father's kindly smile, so full of 
blessing, hard-working, rough-handed 
man as he was, maybe, but able to look 
the whole world in the face. — You ask 
me to change all this." 

Her voice shook with emotion, and 
drawing a huge white linen handker- 
chief from the folds of her gown, she 
cracked it by the corner like a whip, 
and blew her nose like a trumpet. 

"We are doing very well just as we 
are, very well indeed. Women are the 
best students of economy. Every 
woman is a student of political 
economy. We look very closely at 
every dollar of public money, to 
see if we couldn't make a better 
use of it ourselves, before we spend 
it. We run our elections as cheaply 
as they are run anywhere. 'We 
always endeavor to get the greatest 
number of votes for the least possible 
amount of money. That is political 

That is good; it is authentic. 
M:s. McClung is on sure ground 
here. If she had not wandered into 
the bogs of sentiment, if she had 
stuck resolutely, if not to the facts, 
to the .spirit of the facts, she might 


have enriched our literature per- 

But the book lives — for the 
moment an.vwa.y — in that it is the 
expression of one of the most in- 
teresting of Canadian personalities, 
decidedly more interesting than, 
say, Sir "William Mackenzie or Sir 
Robert Borden or even Newton 
Wesley Rowell. Mrs. McClung 
lias embodied herself in Pearl Wat- 
son, now grown up — eighteen at 
the time of the story, that is, in 
the year of grace 1914. It is Pearl 
who', in the novel, plays the part 
of the Premier, in the famous play 
it was actually Nellie McClung 
that took that role. 

Pearl, in fact, duplicates in the 
novel a great many of Mrs. Mc- 
Clung 's experiences in the cam- 
paign. She speechifies, she scores 
in repartee, she leads the embat- 
tled women to victory for equal 
suffrage. Pearl has her creator's 


There is no better Christmas 
f/ift for your f) lend who is interesl- 
rd ill hooks than a year's sul)sci ip- 
tion to the Canadian Bookman. 

Send us postal note or exp.ress 
order for $2.00 and we will imme- 
diatelij forward to yon, with the 
receipt, a handsome greeting card 
for you to send to your friend an- 
nouncing the gift, or if preferred, 
ire will send the card direct to the 

Bemember, $2.00 ivill send twelre 
issues of the Canadian Bookman to 
any address in Canada, the Brit- 
ish Empire or the United Stiites. 

own personality, her vivacious, 
vivid, vital, personality, her charm, 
her wit and force of character and 
sound common sense. 

But it is perhaps more than any- 
thing the glimpses we get of the 
harum-scarum young brothers of 
Pearl and of her sterling Irish 
parents, one so cheeiy, the other so 
gloomy, that make the book so 
enjoyable. Danny and Billy and 
Jimmy and Tommy are real boys 
— I egular imps of mischief. . We 
may hear more about them now 
that Pearl is married to Doctor 

I should perhaps liave mentioned 
the fact that there is a love interest 
sooner. Pearl's dreams come true, 
but not before the usual stormy 
course is run. The stor.y of the love 
of Pearl is told witli admirable 
restraint and witli skill. 

By and large there are many 
reasons why Canadian readers 
should enjoy this book. 


December, 1921. 

Our Woman Novelists are Busy 

THREE Canadian woman 
novelists, all belonging to 
the McClelland and Stewart 
clan, have new books out this sea- 
son dealing with young Canadian 
girls. They are, in the order of 
their professional accomplish- 
ments, L. M. Montgomery with 
"Rilla of Ingleside"'. Marian Keith 
with ''Little Miss Melody", and 
Lilian Vaux MacKinnon with 

Author of "Little Miss Melody". 

"Miriam of Queen's". Whatever 
their differences, the three titular 
damsels have this in common, that 
they exhibit all that sweetness of 
mind and character which has since 
the beginning of time been regard- 
ed as essential for a Canadian 

Rilla is the daughter of "Anne 
of Green Gables", and the scene 
of the love-declaration between her 
and her young Island soldier-boy 
with the implacable Susan looking 
on is one of the most idyllically 
beautiful things Mrs. Montgomery 
has ever given us. The rest of the 
hook is mainly a series of comedy 
episodes, amusing enough but hav- 
ing little to do with the develop- 
ment of the characters, and chiefly 
showing life in a Prince Edward 
Island village during the war. Mrs. 
Montgomery has done more im- 
portant work, but we should lie 
son-y not to have had this pretty 
sketch of a proud and true and 
generous young Canadian girl in 

Janet Meldrum, the ' ' Little Miss 
Melody", is much younger, and 
Mrs. Keith's book is perhaps in- 
tended mainly for schoolgirl con- 
sumption. She was the daughter 

of a Presbyterian minister, and 
her mother was excessively given 
to good works. It is astonishing, 
by the way, how Canadian woman 
novelists run to the manse fur suli- 
jeet-matter. Janet's adventures 
among the village folk, and the 
help she obtained from her 
father's youthful "supply'", are 
narrated with a gusto and inven- 
tion quite suggestive of Mrs. Mont- 
gomery, but without that writer's 
sureness of touch. 

Miriam was a university girl, 
and should have been the most in- 
teresting of the three. But Mrs. 
MacKinnon has never clearly en- 
\isaged her characters, with the 
cxce])tion of two or three of the 
most objectionable of the women 
(the vulgar and selfish Cora is 
i-cally quite vital, and Miriam's 
worldly family is much more alive 
than most of the "good" people). 
Tlie book gives one the idea that 
Mrs. MacKinnon enjo.yed her 
student life under "Geordie" 
Grant to the full, and wants, to 
enable others to see it as she did, 
but is liaudicapped in her effort 
by a desire to stick to literal facts. 
It is somewhat as if one were to 
attempt to describe the life of a 
great university bj' reproducing a 
sophomore's diary. It is .strange, 
by the way, to note how few novels 
of university life have been a suc- 
cess, since "Verdant Green". Pei'- 
haps the undergraduate is too 
young and too sheltered to make 
good material for a full-length 


Author of "Rilla of Ingleside". 

December, 1921. 



Canadian History in Jest 

To laugh at the world is to be- 
come ill time a t-ynic and 
eventually to reap the cy- 
nic's reward. To laugh with the 
world is from the very first to pro- 
claim one's self a |iliiliinthropist — 
a Idver of all mankind. And it is 
truer to-day tiian ever it was that 
all the world loves a lover — l>ecause 
there are fewer of them than there 
nswl to be i)crhaps. 

Here you have the secret of the 
national institution which goes by 
the name of (icorgc Ham. One can 
imagine ("dlnncl Ham, a pink and 
cind)l)y l)al)y, crowing with in- 
fantile and inarticulate joy over 
the foibles of his nurse. He has 
been dtiing it ever since, and yet 
no man — or woman — has ever suf- 
fered to make a point for one of 
George Ham's stories, no joke or 
bon mot of his has ever borne a 
barb or sting. No man in all Can- 
ada perhaps has had a better 
chance to judge his fellow man 
than he and no man refuses so 
firmly to do it. 

But this is not to be an estimate 
of Colonel Ham. We have his 
book before us. 

' ' Reminiscences of a Raconteur 
(Musson, Toronto), are the dis- 
cursive and more or less uncon- 
nected I'eeoUeetions of a long and 
crowdeil life, a life that embodies 
in it and largely epitomizes the de- 
velopment of this country from the 
days when railways were not and 
the "North West" wa.s terra in- 
cognita until to-day. 

It may not be unfair to Colonel 
Ham to say that his best days were 
spent in Winnipeg. — "best days" 
that is in the sense of most color- 
ful, most crowded, most eventful 
days. Perhaps also the most really 
valuable portions of the "Reminis- 
cences" are those which picture for 
us the little village of Fort Gairy 
a.s it emerged into the dignity of 
the big town with cityhood just 
before it. We of a later genera- 
tion get too scant glimpses of these 
jHoneer towns of an earlier day 
and we cannot be too grateful when 
one cf the pioneers in the ampler 
leisure that comes with duty ful- 
filled paints one for us. 

The keynote of the book is 
struck in the first half dozen lines. 
"Trenton, Ontario, is the first 
place where I saw light," writes 
Colonel Ham, "and on the spot 
where I was born has been erected 

a t(mching memorial in the siiajic 
of a fine hotel." Here is a man 
who to take even himself 
seri<uisly — and how few of lis there 
arc like that. 

Early in life his two besetting 
sins fastened tight upon him : lie 
became a newspaper man and gut 
deeply interested in railroading, 
and in 187o, he turned his steps 
westward, winding uj) in the fron- 
tier post of Winnipeg. As ha.s 
been said, his chai)ters on Winni- 
peg are at once amusing and valu- 
able, amusing because Colonel Ham 
cannot be otherwise, and valuable 
because they throw a vivid light 
on the men and manners of a i>y- 
goue day. Very few of us know 
anything about the Winnipeg of 
the days before the almost fatal 
collapse of the 80 's. "Life was 
one continuous joy ride" in those 
high and far-off times, but there 
was little real wickedness in the 
place if we may believe the "Ra- 
conteur." Colonel Ham went 
through the ugly Metis uprising 
of 188.3, and although he is modest 
about the part he played in it and 
characteristically sees only the 
hilarious side of it, it was not for 
nothing that Sam Hughes gave 
him liis honorary colonelcy thirty 
years later. Some of the escapes 
and adventures were close enough 
and excitintr enough. 

Author of "Irish & Canadian Poems" 

It is (juite inipo.ssible to follow 
the tale of Colonel Ham's doings 
because he has persistently declin- 
ed to give us a ciironolofricai lead. 
He drops a .story here and there to 
illustiate his progress, and it is 
through tlie me<lium of these anec- 
dotes that we dindy gauge the ab- 
sorl)ingIy interesting life the man 
has led. There have been few not- 
ables on the Xorth American Con- 
tinent whom he has not inet — more 
tlian met, has known, in many 
cases intimately. One by one lie 
i)rings them before his i-eaders, and 
never does he allow the reader's 
interest to flag through all the more 
than three hundred pages of his 
big book. 

It maj-"be no part of the review- 
er's duty to quote from the volume 
under c(msiderarion but one of 
Colonel Ham's stories at must 
be included. He had just under- 
gone a serious operation. 

"When I recovered from the ef- 
fects of the opiate", lie writes, "I 
found myself in a darkened room 
and wondered where I was and 
what it was all about. The kindly- 
featured nurse quickly discovered 
that my had return- 
ed, and came to my l)edside, and 
then I remembered everything. 
"But why this dark room. It was 
early morning when they operated 
on me, but now it can't be night." 

"No, it isn't," she seriously 
responded, "but we were afraid 
of the shock you might get." 

"Why. what .shock?" 
"Well, there was a big fire just 
across the .street and we were 
afraid if you awoke, and saw the 
flames, you might think that the 
operation hadn't been successful." 

But "(t. H. H." is more than a 
jester. He is a kindly philosopher, 
a man of understanding, of pro- 
found .sympathies, of wide and 
mature observation. One cannot 
read the "Reminiscences'' with- 
out being struck by their sub- 
stantial value to which the passage 
of years will add. We know a 
number of great Canadians better 
after we have seen them through 
George Ham's keen and kindly 
ej-es. And we know the author 
better, which is m itself ample 
reason — if any were needed — 
for the "Reminiscences of a Ra- 

E. J. A. 



December, 1921. 

The Book of Knowledge 

ABOUT ten years ago the 
Children "s Eneyc-lopaedia. 
The Book of Knoidedfje. 
\va.s brought out in Great Britain 
and met with an enthusiastic re- 
ception. The editors soon realized 
that thev had found a new idea in 
works for children and since that 
time edition after edition has been 
printed. The great house of La- 
rousse publishes a special edition 
for Frauce, and there are also 
Spanish, Italian and Portuguese 
editions, the latter made especially 
for Brazil. 

Some years ago an edition tor 
Canada was printed under the su- 
pervision of Dr. Peterson, la-e 
Principal of McGill University. 
While additions and changes have 
lieen made from time to time, the 
wonderful development of Canada 
has made necessary a somewhat 
extended revision, and the additi-u 
of much new material r.Oating f ) 
the Dominion. 

The Introduction to the new edi- 
tion was written by Dr. H. J. Cody, 
late Minister of Education for 
Ontario, who has approved the 
plan and the new material. The 
publishers and editors have had 
most courteous and hearty co-oper- 
ation from Government Depart- 
ments and leading authorities con- 
nected with the various interests 
represented. Information or pict- 

ures 111- Ijotli have been supplied 
by the following, and, in many 
cases, the articles approved by 
them : — Provincial Departments, 
of Agriculture, the Dominion De- 
partment of the Interior, the Min- 
ister of Railways and Canals, the 
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, 
the Deputy Post Master and the 
liead of the Toronto Pest Office. 
Social Service Departments and 
Boards of Health, Dominion and 
Provincial Secretaries of the Boy 
Scouts, Dominion Secretary of the 
Girl Guides, a Director of the Can- 
adian National Exhibition, the Se- 
cretary of the Royal Canadian 
Academy of Arts, the Canadian 
War Records, and others. 

Some of the articles have been 
prepared with especial assistance 
and approval. One upon Canadian 
Railways was fumislied by the 
Canadian National Railways. The 
story of the development of the 
North West was approved by the 
Canadian Pacific Railway, who in 
addition have helped much wit^i 
information and pictures. The 
Hudson's Bay Company in the 
same way gave assistance and ap- 
proval upon an account of their 
liistory. The article about the 
Royal" Naval College received the 
seal of approval frrm the Navy 
League and that about the Royal 
Military College was read and ap- 

prined by Sir A. C. Macdonell, 
Commandant, who had lent his aid 
in its jn-eparation, as well. Si" 
Charles Hibbert Tupper has ex- 
pressed approval of that part of 
the story of the Prime Ministers 
connected with his father's career. 
Dr. Wilfred T. Grenfell has ap- 
proved tlie story of his own life 
and w(-irk. An account of Canada's 
literature has been written with 
tlie co-operation and approval of 
the President of the Canadian 
Authors Association, and an art- 
icle on Canadian, art has' been crit- 
icised and approved by Edward R. 
Grieg of the Toronto Art Gallery. 
Altogetlier there are about five 
hundred pages of purely Canadian 
subject matter and more than five 
hundred Canadian pictures. 

The general i)lau of the whole 
work is to present, not in separate 
volumes, but in different sections 
in each of the twent.v volumes, a 
variet.v of material dealing with 
all phases of world life — science, 
natural historv, invention, the 
histories of nations, literature, art, 
lives of famous men and women, 
heroic deeds, etc. For recreation 
there are stories and games and 
handicraft. The form is attractive, 
tlic language clear and interesting, 
and there are many excellent pict- 
ures with full descriptive legends. 

The Cathedral Builders 

ABOX'E dark portals rise two lofty .spires 
That pierce into the blue. The sunlight falls 
Across the gorgeous gloom, on oaken stalls 
AVorn smooth by praying liands of monks and friars. 
Tall windows gleam with many-coloured fires. 
As in the magic caves and mystic halls 
Of ancient tales, and from the carven walls 
Echo the wailing songs of vanished choirs. 
And through the gloom the ghostly builders pass 
Who carved their dreams of beauty on the stone. — 
The nameless ones who wrought and died unknown ; 
Their life-blood glows upon the painted glass. 

And from each spire dead hands that held the hod 
Stretch upward clinging to the robes of God. 

F. O. CALL. 


O DANTE, what are all our praises worth? 
Were you into our faithless days reborn 
We should exile you, giving scorn for scorn. 
And, for your desperate indignation, mirth. 
We crippled cynics of this prostrate earth 
Who, from the night of terror scarcely torn 
By our last virtues, turn again at morn 
To our old folly and that night's re-l)irtli. — 
We want you not I We siiuii your searching eyes 

Lest they remind us of the things we said, 
Tlie truth we saw, the vows we vowed, the lies 
That now, reprieved, we make them. But being dead, 
Being far, so far, we praise you, as we praise 
Your Vision that our every step betrays. 


Dw.miiImt, lliL'l. CANADIAN liOOKMAN 

Old and New McGill 



Although the centenary celebra- 
tions at Montreal indicate that Mc- 
CJill University is already a hundred 
years old. the roots of that great 
educational institution reach still 
further into the past. In the fas- 
cinating volume '•McGill and its 
Story'" just published. Cyrus Mac- 
Millan. the author, states that the 
British settlers in Lower Canada, af- 
ter the conquest of Quebec, were eager 
that their children should have at least 
an elementary education. It was felt. 
too, that in the unrest and uncertain- 
ty of the period immediately following 
the American Revolution it was not 
advisable to send students in search 
of higher professional training to the 
universities of the United States. 
which in the days of their Britisli 
allegiance had attracted Canadian stu- 
dents in large numbers. 

Efforts were accordingly made to 
establish a system of free schools 
with the hope that later a university 
might be founded. As a result of the 
agitation for the providing of educa- 
tional opportunities in Lower Canada. 
The Royal Institute for the Advance- 
ment of Learning was established. 
Under this Act. the King gave direc- 
tions for the establishment "of a 
competent number of Free Schools for 
the instruction of children in the first 
rudiments of useful learning: and also 
as occasion should require for foun- 
dations of a more comprehensive 
nature." Accordingly, elementary free 
schools were soon erected in different 
parts of the Province, one-room build- 
ings of cedar logs. Indeed, they were 
mere log-huts, but they provided the 
first free English Education in Lower 
Canada, and laid the foundation for 
a Canadian nationality. The Secret- 
ary's salary was always many months 
in arrears, and he frequently com- 
plained, with unfortunately but little 
saitisfaction, that not only had he 
given his time for some years with- 
out remuneration, but that he had ex- 
pended even his own fuel and candles. 
It was not unusual for the teachers 
to be censured "for not keeping school 
at all." or for giving too many holi- 
days, or for tardiness in opening school 
in the morning and eagerness in clos- 
ing it in the afternoon. At least one 
teacher was warned that his arrears 
in salarj- would not be paid and that 
he would be instantly dismissed "if 
he did not treat his wife with greater 

The Royal Institute for the Ad- 
vancement of Learning supervised the 
establishment of McGill College and 
directed it in its infancy, for under the 
Act of 1801 all .property and money 
given for educational purposes in the 
Province of Lower Canada was placei 
under its control. James McGill is 
described by his own contemporaries 
as of "a frank and social tempera- 
ment"; in figure, "tall and command- 
ing, handsome in youth, and becoming 
somewhat corpulent in his old age."' 
and in his leisure "much given to 
reading." James McGill died in 1813. 

and in his will bequeathed the Royal 
Institution for the Advancement of 
Learning, in trust, the sum of CIO.OOO 
and his Burnside Estate of forty-si.v 
acres, together with the dwelling house 
and other buildings for the erection 
on the estate, and the endowment, 
of a University or College. 

The first Principal of McGill was 
the Reverend George Jehoshaphat 
Mountain, who was appointed Prin- 
cipal in 1824 while the University was 
only a name. The official opening 
did not take place till June 24th, 1829, 
and was attended by what the con- 
temporary press called a gathering of 
"numerous and respectable individu- 
als " Anxious years marked the early 
history of McGill, due to lack of funds 
and quarrels between the Board of the 
Royal Institution and the Governors 
of the College. In November, 1848, 
the Governors had only the sum of 
£54 at their disposal. They divided 
it between the Bursar and the two 
Lecturers in proportion to the amount 
of salary in arrears and as a result 
the Lecturer in French received £2 
14s. as his share from January 1st. 
1848, to November 29th, 1848. That 
was the full amount of salary received 
by him during the year; but he still. 
says the author, had his cow and his 
garden I 

The first real progress was made 
when the late Sir William Dawson 
became Princiiial. "When I accepted 

Dance of the Maple 

(To Bliss Carman) 


E aie tlie leaves tliat run 
Red, so red. and ablaze 
With the bnniiug of tiie sun 
.So many suinnier day.s. 

We are the leaves unknown 
Save to the thintrs 'hat fly. 

And now, loose and wind-blown. 
Flame up before we die. 

But ere we drift beneath 
The silence of the snow. 

We twine for ym\ a wreath 
Of glory as we pro. 

You led the caravan 
Of poets on (Jrand Pre, 

And taught the Pipes of Pan 
In Canada to play. 

In Fuudv's tides \ou sought 
The Children of the Sea, 

And April Airs .you caught 
Under the maple tree. 

Now at this Mountain Gate 
Your Autumn Song we hear. 

And crown you laureate. 
Sweet-singing jiioneer. 

the princlpulship of McGIII." he said 
in his reminiscence.^, "I had not been 
in Montreal, and knew the college and 
the men connected with It only by 
reputation. I first saw it In October. 
18.").'). Materially it was represented by 
two blocks of unfinished and partly 
ruinous buildings, standing a'mld a 
wilderness of excavators' and masons' 
rubbish overgrown with weeds and 
bushes. The grounds were unfenced 
and were pastured at will by herds of 
cattle, which not only cropj^^d the 
grass, but browsed on the shrubs, leav- 
ing unhurt only one great elm. which 
still stands as the 'founder's tree.' and 
a few old oaks and butternut trees, 
most of which have had to give place 
to our new buildings. The only access 
from the town was by a circuitous 
and ungraded cart track, almost im- 
pas.sable at night. The building.s had 
been abandoned by the new Board. 
and the classes of the Faculty of Arts 
were held in the upper story of a 
brick building in the town, the lower 
part of which was occupied by the 
High School."' 

A direct appeal for financial assist- 
ance was then made to the citizens 
of Montreal. It met with an encour- 
aging response, which greatly relieved 
the situation, and was what Dr. Daw- 
son, forty years later, called "the be- 
ginning of a stream of liberality which 
has floated our University barque up 
to the present date." 

The more recent expansion of Mc- 
Gill to its present strong position is 
well known. The appointment of Sir 
Arthur Currie as Principal and the 
still more recent election of Mr. E. 
W. Beatty, President of the Canadian 
Pacific Railway, as Chancellor, have 
given it a practical administration 
which is calculated to ensure its con- 
tinued progress as an essentially Na- 
tional University. In the Epilogue to 
his volume Professor MacMillan 
writes: "There is a new spirit in 
McGill. To-day its pulsing life, under 
the guidance of its great Canadian 
leader, reaches through all grades and 
faculties and departments of its stu- 
dents .as it has never done before. 
There is a general forward movement 
unhamiJered and undivided by con- 
siderations or competitions of sections 
or of faculties. The University is 
closer, too, than it once was to the 
current of national feeling. It is seek- 
ing to minister to Canada, the land 
which gave it birth and from which 
its greatness sprang. But while it 
will serve Canada, it will continue to 
draw its students, like the true "Stu- 
dium Generale." from every countrj' 
on the globe, and to send them back 
to serve their individual countries to 
advance the enlightenment of the 
world. McGill's first century has been 
a century of trial, but a century of 
great accomplishment of the world." 
The publishers of "McGill and its 
Story" are S. B. Gundy, of the Oxford 
University Press. Toronto, in Canada, 
and John Lane in London. England, 
and the John Lane Company in New 



Books Received 

December, 1921, 

Anonymous, "My Three Hi/sbands," 
Musson. Toronto. — We understand that 
this book has had a considerable suc- 
cess in England. It has a certain 
superficial cleverness, and may poss- 
ibly appeal to a certain type of femin- 
ine reader. To us it seems the vulgar, 
if possibly accurate, record of a vulgar 

Barcynska, Countess, ".Jackie," Allen, 
Toronto, $2. — The author of the highly 
successful "Rose o' the Sea" has now 
given her readeis a tale of a miracu- 
lously gifted dancer, who steps in a 
couple of weeks from the position of 
ill-treated drudge in a barn-storming 
company (if they have such in Eng- 
land) into the leading part in a Lon- 
don success and also into the heart 
of a member of the "haul monde." 
Told with all the Barcynska ebullience 
and gladsomeness, this yarn will please 
those who want their fiction to take 
them out of the world of reality. 

Bower, B. M., "Casey-Ryan," Mc- 
Clelland. Toronto, $2.00.— This is no 
more than a series of highly pictur- 
esque anecdotes concerning the ad- 
ventures of an Irishman with a Ford 
car in the wilds of the American 
Rockies, with no other connection than 
the fact that they successively happen 
to that philosophical, daring and lo- 
quacious personage. Readers of the 
Bower output, which now consists of 
eighteen volumes, will not need to be 
told that the anecdotes are narrated 
with great vividness and humour, and . 
introduce a large number of amusing 

Caine, (Sir) Hall, "The Master of 
Man; The Story of a Sin," Ryerson, 
Toronto, $1.75. — This is a very gen- 
erous novel — 430 pages of about 400 
words each. It is mainly laid in the 
Isle of Man, and it contains, if any- 
thing in even higher degree, the ex- 
travagant riot of incident, the incess- 
ant collision of violent characters, and 
the frequent cheap sensuality which 
have marked all the writer's more 
recent novels. Any reader who is will- 
ing to devote the necessary time to it 
will probably be interested while the 
reading lasts. He will lose a great deal 
of time and we regret to be unable to 
feel that he will derive anything of 
permanent value from its perusal. 

Cody, H. A., "Jess of the Rebel 
Trail," McClelland, Toi-onto, $2.— .Jess 
ran away from her wealthy home to 
avoid marrying a burlesque English 
arostocrat who later turned out to be 
a fraud. She took refuge with Captain 
Samuel Tobin of the "Eb and Flo," 
named after his two children and not the 
tides, and while the captain is on deck 
the tale is frequently amusing in quite 
a W. W, Jacobs manner. When he is 
off it becomes much too serious. Mr. 
Cody ought to specialise on seafaring 

Comfort, Will Levington, "This Man's 
World," Gundy, Toronto. $1.90.— Mi-. 
Comfort's characters always remind us 
of bottles of home brew that have been 
over-developed and are obviously on 
the point of exploding. And when he 
juggles with them it makes us ner- 


vous. Many readers like to be made 
nervous, and Mr. Comfort is the Fat 
Boy of American literature, 

Durkin, Douglas, "The Lobstick 
Trail," Mu.sson. Toronto. — With its 
action laid at the Pas, Man., and a 
sleigh -dog Derby as one of its chief 
events, this a decidedly open-air novel. 
It shows an advance from the level of 
"The Heart of Cherry McBain," but 
Mr. Durkin's chief merit is still his 
gusto in staging and describing large- 
scale fights. His women are very flat 
and uninteresting, and we found it 
even harder to care who won Jule 
Allen than which company bought old 
Allen's wonderful mine. 

"Elizabeth" (author of "Elizabeth 
and Her German Garden"), "Vera," 
Gundy, Toronto, $1.90. — Vera- was dead, 
but Lucy married the widower, and 
gradualKv learned how (and why) 
Vera had decided to fall out of the 
second-story window rather than go 
on living with Wemyss. Wemyss is a 
burlesque rather than a human being, 
and there is no place for burlesque in 
tragedy, which is what Elizabeth is 
trying to write. Ma.v Sinclair has done 
the same thing as it should be done in 
"Mr. Waddington of Wyck." 

Galsworthy, John, "To Let," Copp 
Clark. Toronto. — The latest phase in 
the history of that fascinating family, 
the Forsytes, in which the children of 
Soames and Irene by their respective 
second spouses have a brief love trag- 
edy. The focus of the story is on 
Soames' daughter Fleur, a 1920 damsel 
in whom the Soames' possessive in- 
stinct is just as marked as in her 
father, and finds ample expression in 
modern "flapper" life. 

Hutchinson, A. S. M., "If Winter 
Comes." McClelland, Toronto, $2.00.— 
This is decidedly the best English 
novel of the quarter, by which we do 
not mean the best seller. It is as 
original and entertaining, and much 
more earnest and appealing, than any 
or the author's three preceding works. 
"The Happy Warrior," "Once Aboard 
the Lugger," and "The Clean Heart." 
It is the life-tale of a sensitive young 
man with an abnormal and fatal ca- 
pacit.v for seeing everybod.v else's point 
of view. He married a woman with 
no capacity for seeing anybody's point 
of view except her own. which was of 
microscopic dimensions, and in the re- 
sultant strife he was almost crushed 
into the abysmal depths of defeat, 
degradation and death. At the last 
minute he was saved hy the love of 
a woman who was capable of under- 
standing him. Mr. Hutchinson has an 
extremely dexterous way of telling his 
story, sometimes direct and sometimes 
by means of a garrulous solicitor friend 
of the parties. His style is breezy and 
his dialogue exceptionally full of life 
and character. He resembles most 
closely that other recent comer. Mr, 
Stacy Aumonier, but his people are 
finer and his whole narrative on a 
higher plane, 

Knittel, John, "Aaron West," Hodder, 
Toronto. — This is a powerful and ori- 

ginal study of psychology, showing how 
a man of exceptional mental and bodily 
power and enterprising disposition, 
having acquired an island in the re- 
mote Pacific, becomes suddenly en- 
dued with a sense of his responsibility 
to the natives and his duty to bring 
them to a more Christian way of life. 
Love for the half-breed daughter of a 
former missionary had something to 
do with his conversion, which how- 
ever is so cleverly depicted that we 
never question the man's honesty or 
sanity. There is a great deal of action, 
largely laid in the Pacific and partly 
in London, and a total absence of sent- 
mentality. A book for serious people 

Norris, Kathlt>en, "The Beloved 
Woman, " Gundy, Toronto, $1.90. — Little 
Norma Sheridan had a mystery a'oout 
her birth, and people were constantly 
telling her their conjectures about it 
as if they were certainties, which was 
hard on Norma, because they were very 
contradictory and always wrong. Nor- 
ma was picked out of an upper work- 
ing-class family and hurled sudilenly 
into the empty and undesirable life of 
the richest old family of New York, 
where she had to associate with people 
who had the "belle aire," which our 
dictionary tells us must mean the "fine 
area," although we hardly think that 
that is what Mrs. Norris intended It 
to mean. Somehow we alwa.ys dis- 
trust novelists who write about high 
society in low French. Eventually 
Norma returned to her upper working- 
class friends — one of whom she had 
married in a moment of pique — and 
she and her husband went away to 
California. It is a messy tale. 

Ostrander, Isabel, "The Crimson 
Blotter," Goodchild, Toronto, $2.00. — 
The crimson blotter was the gruesome 
and significant piece of evidence in a 
very interesting crime mystery which 
is worked out by this author with all 
her accustomed skill in the inanipula- 
tion of thrills and suspense. 

Packard, Frank L., "Pawned," Copp 
Clark, Toronto. — She was a baby, and 
she eventually becomes the centre of a 
great many thrills in connection with 
a travelling pawnshop, a high-class 
gambling house, a member of the medi- 
cal profession who is also a dope-fiend, 
plenty of gun-and-knife action, and a 
perfect gentleman who poses as a 
millionaire gambler. 

Rinehart, Mary Roberts, "Sight Un- 
seen" and "The Confession," McClelland. 
$2.00. — Two stories, each concerned 
with a mui'der, and well calculated to 
produce a very eerie feeling in the 
reader. In "Sight Unseen" the small 
club which is studying psychic phen- 
omena shares the honors with two 
amateur detectives, and one becomes 
moi-e and more mystified as the mys- 
tery progresses, though the antics of 
poor Mr. Johnson are very diverting; 
but in the second tale, the feelin,;; of 
mild horror prevails to the end, and at 
the thought of the telephone bell ring- 
ing (that is one of the mysterious hap- 
penings) one is apt to quail for some 
time after the book is ended. 

Dpceniher. I!t21. 


Sabatini, Rafael, '"Scaramouohe." 
MrClollaiul. Tiirciiitii. The well-known 
skill o( this writer in creating the at- 
mosphere of liistoric periods, especially 
those of hish tension, in connection 
with tales of chivalry and heroism In 
the past, is well employed here In deal- 
ing with the French Revolution. Novel- 
ists and their readers who love violent 
action accompanied by polite man- 
ners should be grateful that they have 
such a period to put their tales Into. 
Much of this tale is concerned with the 
life of a troupe of comedians, and a 
very vivid life it Is. 

Sadleir, Michael, "Privilege," Good- 
child. Toronto. $2.00. — An English 
novel of substantial importance, depict- 
ing the moral breakdown effected in 
an entire community in rural England 
when the chief landed family in the 
district runs to seed and the property 
passes into the hands of a degenerate 
specimen of the race. The character 
drawing is excellent, there is plenty 
of action, and an appealing love story 
with a satisfactory conclusion. 

Scott, Leroy, "Children of the Whirl- 
wind." Allen. Toronto, $2.00. — Mr. Scott 
is the original patentee and sole liter- 
ar.v licensee for the device of making 
the heroine at one and the same time a 
leader in New York Society and a 
member of the inmost circle of metro- 
politan criminals. Previous authors 
have done the trick for a masculine 
hero, but it is far more difficult and 
more thrilling with a lady — or should 
we .say a woman? — or should we say a 
woman-lady? This was the reason for 
the success of "A Daughter of Two 
Worlds." and will be the reason for the 
success of "Children of the Whirlwind." 
We estimate $11,000 as a low figure for 
the taxi-cab fares of Maggie Carlisle 
and her handsome lover. Larry Brain- 
ard. between Upper Riverside Drive 
and the criminal headquarters, "the 
little Square which squatted beside the 
East River." But the last ride was in 
the northerly direction. 

Sinclair, May, "Mr. Waddington of 
Wyck. " McClelland. Toronto. — Mr. 
Waddington was the apotheosis of 
self-esteem, in consequence of w'hich 
ev'erybod.v in Miss Sinclair's book 
laughed at him. They were quite 
right, for he was very funny: but the 
percentage of discerning people in Sin- 
clair society must be higher than it is 
in Canada. Our ilr. Waddingtons get 
away witli it quite extensively. Actuated 
solely by this self-esteem, and by the 


desire to convince himself that he was 
still young and irresistible at fifty, 
Mr. Waddington mjide improper pro- 
posals to two ladles, both of whom 
laughed at him. We have seldom found 
in fiction a thoroughly unpleasant per- 
son who was at the same time 
so thoroughly amusing. The book 
is lighter in texture liut more enter- 
taining than the two or three preceding 
novels by the same author. 

Stacpoole, H. De Vere, "Satan." 
Goodihihl. Toronto. $2.00.— This is 
rather a light specimen of the work- 
manship of the brilliant author of 
"The Blue Lagoon." It narrates the 
adventures of a typical Oxford man 
in company with a very interesting 
family, consisting of a young brother 
and sister, who can best be described 
as a species of oceanic g.vpsies, wander- 
ing the seas of the South Pacific in a 
nondescript small vessel inherited from 
their father. Their ethics are peculiar 
but their character is good, and the 
reader will enjoy their company as 
much as the Oxford man did. 

Stratton- Porter, Gene. "Her Father's 
Daughter." Gundy. Toronto. $1.7."). 
There is probably not a school-girl, 
nor a freshie or soph in a girl's col- 
lege, on this whole continent, w'ho will 
not see in the heroine of this latest of 
the "Limberlost" literature exactly the 
kind of girl that she herself would 
most ardently like to be. and having 
exactly the time that she herself most 
wants to have. This means about two 
million happy readers. Doubleday. 
Page & Co. have given the book a 
dozen delightful page-decorations and 
a nice typography. Our only regret is 
that Mrs. Porter has lent her pen and 
influence to the anti-Japanese party 
to such effect that nine-tenths of her 
readers will think that the Japs win 
their successes in California schools 
by habituall.v murdering rival scholars. 

Vachell, Horace Annesley, "Blinkers. " 
Cassell. Toronto. — A good example of 
the pleasant and somewhat Locke-like 
fiction of this popular writer. Miranda, 
the daughter of an impractical and im- 
pecunious artist and his beautiful and 
aristocratic wife (the latter long since 
dead), decides to go into service to 
help the family fortunes, much im- 
paired since the war. Her experiences 
in the household of the vicar of Med- 
bery-Hawthorne are delicious comedy, 
and are too soon interrupted for the 
sake of a rather ordinary love-story. 

Vance, Louis Joseph, "The Lone 
Wolf. " Gundy, Toronto, $1.90. — Another 
of the Michael Lanyard books. It 
seems but last week that we reviewed 
its predecessor. Yet this is a clever 
and careful piece of work, of its kind 
— the Vance kind. 

Wallace, Frederick William, "The 
Viking Blood." Musson. Toronto. $1.75 
— Few recent Canadian tales have re- 
ceived as appropriate and pleasing a 
production in type as this exciting yet 
realistic narrative by Canada's leading 
sea-writer. Every one of the chapter 
headings is a reproduction of a dif- 
ferent pen drawing by the author, all 
illustrative of different phases of mari- 
time life. The book has already gone 
through several editions and is certain 
to join the list of Canadian classics. 
While it makes good reading for any 
healthy-minded adult, its highest value 
is realized when it comes into the 
hands of the young Canadian boy and 
starts in his mind those dreams of 

far-off adventure which are the true 
heritage of the Viking blood. 

Walpole, Hugh, "The Thirteen Trav- 
ellers." .McClill.ind. Toronto, $2, 00. —A 
set of separate iharacter-sketrhes of 
the inhabitants of "Horton's." an 
apartment house near Piccadilly. Most 
of them are concerned with the aging 
process which goes on In all human 
beings with varying rapidity at varying 
periods, and which was particularly 
accelerated In a good many persons 
during the war. Mr. Walpole's clever- 
ness in depicting the psychological 
changes that go on In a household Is 
well known, and it is particularly well 
displayed In these short sketches of 
character development or character 

Wells, Carolyn, "The Luminous Face." 
McClelland. Toronto. $2.00.— \;rs. Wells 
is unique among mystery story writers 
in that she can pull off a murder mys- 
tery and yet keep her entire action 
confined among pleasant and congenial 
people whom we like to associate with. 
Even the murderer in "The Luminous 
face" was not half a bad fellow, while 
the murderee was distinctly unpleas- 
ant, and we are glad to have him re- 
moved at the end of the first chapter. 
The mystery is magnificently main- 
tained to the very end and then quite 
logically solved. 

Wright, Harold Bell, "Helen of the 
Old House." Ryerson. Toronto. $2.00. — 
It was to be expected that Mr. Wright 
would turn out a novel dealing with 
labor conflict, foreign agitators, and 
young American peace-makers. Mr. 
Wright's function is to give his readers 
something that looks vaguely like lite 
as it is, without containing any of those 
unpleasant problems which are so com- 
mon in real life, and which cannot be 
brought into fiction unless the readers 
of that fiction are prepared to do a 
little thinking. So the labor trouble 
in Millsburgh is solved by the extra- 
ordinarily simple process of the .share- 
holders turning one-half of their in- 
terests over to the workmen, and start- 
ing up an institute of American pat- 
riotism. And so now. "when the deep 
tones of the mill-whistle sound over 
the city, there is a look in Helen's eyes 
that only those who know her best 
understand." and the curtain falls on 
little baby Maggie, explaining it in her 
infant language — "The princess lady 
jest couldn't help findin' them there 
happiness jewels 'cause her heart was 
so kind." 




December, 1921. 


Broadus, Edmund Kemper, (Com 
piler) "Books and Ideals: an Anthol- 
ogy." Gundy. Toronto, $1.50. — This is 
a pocket book in the highest sense of 
the word, in that it is in the first place 
pocketable and in the second place 
made up of just the kind of reading 
that a bookish man wants to have in 
his pocket. Prof. Broadus explains that 
he intended it for those young persons, 
just released from the fixed courses of 
the educational institutions, and a little 
puzzled by their freedom amid the vast 
mass of printed matter on the library 
shelves. The selections are chosen with 
a view to making the reader feel that 
Bacon, Addison. Milton, Patmore, Car- 
lyle, are friends to be cultivated rather 
than tasks to be worked over. 

Bruce and Montgomery, "The New 
World: College Readings in English." 
— This is a curious book by two mem- 
bers of the Department of English in 
the University of California, whose 
object is to make the study of English 
a means of conveying information and 
stimulating reflection upon the present 
state of the human race. Nine-tenths 
of the book consists of unannotated 
selections from very modern writers. 
admirably picked to serve this end. 
The two introductory chapters, one by 
each of the editors, are beyond our 

Commons, John R. and others, "In- 
dustrial Government." Macmillan, New 
York, $3.00. — By industrial government 
is meant the control of the processes 
of production as carried on in the 
modern factory. The present book is a 
study of eighteen American establish- 
ments in which that control has to a 
greater or less extent ceased to be 
absolutely in the hands of the owners 
of the plant. The book will be valuable 
less for its conclusions, which are ex- 
tremely cautious and vague, than as 
.1 record of a very interesting period 
in the history of American industry, a 
period which abruptly came to an end 
when unemployment once more became 
a factor in the situation in 1920-21. 

Haldane, Viscount, "The Reign of 
Relativity, Macmillan, Toronto, $4.00; — 
A monumental work, the product of 
several years during which the author 
has been debarred from his customary 
participation in life, this volume deals 
with Knowledge and the relativity 
of reality to the character of Know- 
ledge. To Lord Haldane's mind, 
the principle to which Einstein, and 
following him the world at large, 
have given the name of relativity, can- 
not be taken as isolated, and must have 
its counterpart in the other domains 
of nature and of knowledge. The 
treatment of this thesis is metaphysi- 
cal, but the author's enormous range 
of information enables him to give it 
a constantly practical application. 

Hargadon, Michael A., "Irish and 
Canadian Poems," Modern Printing 
Co., 39 Dowd Street, Montreal, $1.00 
post free. — Mr. Hargadon is an anthol- 
ogy poet. In moments of inspiration 
he turns out things that cannot in 
future be overlooked by any compiler 
of Canadian verse. In other moments 
he writes, not from inspiration but from 
sentiment, with the usual results. 
There is no sentiment in his passion 
for Ireland, which fires him to such 
daringly lovely lines as 

Oh! for an Irish Ma.v, and for a sight 
Of primroses, and cowslips, and long 

Of hawthorn trees with bonnets linen 

Trimmed with the plumage of live 

singing birds. 
If Mr. Hargadon becomes popular he is 
done for, for the very things which he 
should most scrupulously avoid are 
the things which the "popular" public 
will like. "Running to Meet Daddy" 
is a case in point. If he follows a more 
exacting master he may really become 
one of our noteworthy poets. 

Le Bon, Gustave, "The World in Re- 
volt," (trans. Bernard Miall) T. Fisher 
Unwin, London. — Professor Le Bon, 
author of "The Crowd," is a typical 
example of the imaginative French 
scientist, who insists on viewing all the 
phenomena of the cosmos in the light 
uf his own specialty. The present 
book was hastily written in 1919 and 
1920 as a cry of alarm agaist German 
reconstruction, Bolshevism, excessive 
State intervention, the alleged selfish- 
ness of Great Britain and the United 
States and the non-productiveness of 
labor. Dr. Le Bon is always interest- 
ing and. when dealing with his 
specialty, sufficiently convincing. 

Mackaye, Percy, "Dogtown Common." 
Macmillan. Toronto, $1.55. — The witch 
.-;uperstitions and persecutions of early 
New England are a fertile field for 
tragedy. Mr. Mackaye somehow never 
quite reaches the pitch of intensity 
necessary to produce a truly tragic 
effect. He has an admirable fable for 
this poem, but possibly his extreme 
preoccupation with details of workman- 
ship prevents him from giving himself 
up wholly to the inspiration of his 
subject. An interesting hut not a great 
liiece of work. 

Mitton, G. E., "The Writers' and Art- 
ists' Year-Book, 1921," A. & C. Black. 
London. — A directory for writers, art- 
ists and photographers, whose main 
liurpose is to provide a complete list of 
the possible purchasers of the original 
artistic output of any of these classes. 
AM English speaking countries are in- 
cluded. There is much in the book 
that the professional writer, or would- 
be professional writer, should find very 

Osborne Sidney, "The New ,Japanese 
Peril," Macmillan, New Y'ork, $2.00. — A 
Sequel to "The Problem of Japan" and 
i"The Isolation of Japan." Mr. Osborne 
is firmly convinced that the next war 
for freedom and the rights of nations 
will take place in the Pacific. 

Pope, Sir Joseph, "Correspondence 
of Sir John Macdonald," Oxford Press, 
Toronto. $5.00. — About five hundred 
pages of "selections" by the literary 
K.xecutor of the great statesman. They 
arc mainly official rather than per- 
sonal, but many are of extreme inter- 
est and shed new light on history. 
Only in a very few instances, and for 
special reasons, is a letter included 
which has already been published. Ex- 
tended review later. 

Sedgewick, Henry Dwight, "Life of 
Marcus Aurelius," Yale Press. New- 
Haven, Conn,, $2.75. — The eminent 
author of the "Life of Samuel Champ- 
lain" has given a very original turn to 
his subject matter by endeavoring to 

view the phenomena of early Christ- 
ianity in the light in which they must 
have presented themselves to the Stoic 
Emperor. The book will be a very im- 
portant addition to the mass of liter- 
ature on Stoicism and should be read 
by all admirers of that philosophy. 

Toole, Wade, "The Book of Live 
Stock," Musson, Toronto, $3.00. — The 
author, who is Professor of Animal 
Husbandry and Farm Superintendent 
of the Agricultural College at Guelph, 
Ont., has gone very thoroughly into 
the subject of breeding, feeding, man- 
agement and judging of live stock of 
ever.v description, making this a very 
practical and complete hand book. 
Review later. 

Towers, Graham F., "Financing For- 
eign Trade. " Royal Bank of Montreal. 
("Prepared for the use of the staff"). — 
There are plenty of books on foreign 
trade written for Englishmen and 
Frenchmen and Americans and Rus- 
sians. There is a notable lack of such 
books written for Canadians. Yet 
every nation's foreign trade, in the 
sense of its processes of selling, ship- 
ping and collecting, is entirely differ- 
ent from the foreign trade of every 
other nation. The present volume, 
written by the Superintendent of the 
Foreign Trade Department of the 
Bank, is essentially practical in its 
descriptions and amply supplied with 
illustrations of the various types of 
documents referred to. Its six chap- 
ters are entitled: Bills of Exchange; 
Shipping Documents; Commercial 
Credit; the Money Market; Foreign 
Exchange; Definitions and Tables. Mr. 
Towers knows his subject by wide 
personal experience as well as study. 
The book is published for private cir- 
culation only, but in view of the well- 
known generosity of this Bank in all 
efforts for the promotion of Canadian 
trade we have no doubt that serious 
students of the subject will be able to 
obtain copies on application to the 
Bank's Foreign Trade Department. 

Van Doren, Carl, "The American 
Novel." Macmillan, Toronto, $2.35. — 
This a much enlarged version of the 
.same author's chapters in the "Cam- 
bridge History of American Litera- 
ture." Out of 280 pages, only 100 are 
devoted to the period prior to Howells. 
including Cooper, Melville and Haw- 
thorne. About 30 pages at the end of 
the book are devoted to contemporary 
movements, and the body of the work 
is devoted to Howells, Mark Twain, 
Henry James, and some of their fol- 
lowers. Mr. Van Doren has achieved 
an admirable detachment and is free 
from local, patriotic or other bias. His 
range of reading is immense, and even 
those who know the American novel 
pretty well will find him guiding them 
tu many an interesting bypath. 

Van Metre, Thurman W., "Economic 
History of the United States." Holt. 
New Y^ork. — A good textbook for under- 
graduate class study of a subject which 
must be understood before the economic 
history of Canada can be apprehended. 
An excessive number of facts and a 
lack of effort to show their varying 
degrees of importance are defects not 
uncommon in American textbooks of 
this type. 

Dfci-iiilifr, l!IL'l. 



Among Authors and Bookmen 

Willaid Mack. Ihc iiotfd author, 
playwriprht and actor, has joined tho 
Oilsary branch of the C. A. A. Mr. 
Mack was born in Morrisbvirg, Ont., of 
I'anadian-born parents. Several of his 
most famous plays, notably "Tiger 
Hose." "Kick In" and i>thers. are laid 
in Canada, and Mr. Mack is at present 
sojourning on his father's ranch at 
Rosebud at work upon another Can- 
adian play. "The Maple Leaf Man," in 
collaboration with Ralph Kendall, 
author of "Benton of the Royal 
Mounted," etc. Mr. Mack has also 
entered into a contract with MVs. 
Francis Reeve (Onoto AVatanna) to 
dramatize her new novel "Sunny-san." 
which is to be published in Xew York 
in the spring. 

The Calgary branch of the Authtus 
Association recently tendered a lunch- 
eon at the Palliser to Mr. Mack, and 
were joined by the Rotary, Kiwanis. 
Press and Canadian Clubs. At this 
dinner Mr. Mack urged the writers of 
Canada to write of their land "true." 
to offset the monstrous perversions of 
Canada as pictured by American 
writers, writing from Pullman car 
windows. He urged the appointment 
of an author's agent with an office in 
Montreal or Toronto to work in con- 
junction with the Authors Association 
for the protection of Canadian writers. 
He stated that he did not know until 
the Association was formed that such 
authors as Basil King. Arthur Stringer 
and Onoto Watanna were Canadians, 
and that he had played for years with 
.lames K. Hackett before he discovered 
he was a brother Canadian. 

Admirers of Mr. K. \V. Thom.son will 
be glad to learn that his entire collec- 
tion of writings is being considered for 
publication by Mr. Grant Richards, of 
London. "Old Man Savarin" has re- 
cently been translated into Danish, by 
a man who came across the volume on 
the banks of the Danube during the 
war! Canada, and Ottawa particularly, 
is very proud of Mr. Thomson and con- 
gratulates London for having so astute 
a publisher. 

Gratton O'Lear.x. recognized as one 
of the foremost pressmen in Canada 
was sent to Washington to cover the 
Canadian field at the Disarmament 
Congress. Through the Ca|idian 
Press, his copy reached every paper in 
Canada. Mr. O'Leary is on the staff 
of the Ottawa Journal, by which daily 
he was trained to the Canadian Press, 
at the time when Mr. Meighen attended 
the recent conference in London. Many 
magazine articles add to Mr. O'Learj's 
fame. MacLeans published one on 
Canadian representation in Washing- 
Ion last September. 

E. AV. Harroki has left the reporters' 
staff of The Ottawa Citizen to occupy 
a desk in the editorial room. This 
change was w^armly approved by Mr. 
Harrold's many friends for the weekly 
column on drama which he conducted 
last, year Kro\ied his ability as a 
critic beyond question. Now Mr. 
H^Ti'old is adding a literary depart- 
ife"it to his section, in which items of 
interest to writers are set forth in his 
peculiarly pleasing style. Mr. Harrold's 
career began when he wrote for the 
South Wales News.' Cardiff. He was 

also lartoonist for the .South Wales 
FIcho. He joined the Citizen reporting 
.•■ta'f in l!n:i. lift it to serve overseas, 
and was welcomed bacR at the close of 
the war. 

The w<uk of Miss M. H. Williams, 
while familiar to many )ieople is not 
nearly so' widely known as it deserves. 
For years she has devoted her very 
unusual talents to the development and 
greater glory of the Canadian National 
Parks. Her research work alone is 
worthy of mention, but her book. 
'•Thr<iugh the Heart of the Rockies and 
the Selkirks. " is truly an achievement 
of infcirniatory material. Needless to 
-say Miss Williams obtained her know- 
ledge at first hand, having spent 
several months e.\|>loring the Parks. 

Agnes C. Laut. who is publishing 
with the Macmillans this fall "Canada 
at the Cross Roads," is now back at 
her home in Wassaic. New York. She 
has addressed nearly 100 audiences 

Who is meeting with a splendid rece|>- 
tion in his recital tour across Canada. 

comprising fmni eighty to ninety 
thousand people in the Chautaqua tour 
which she has just finished in Western 
Canada. Her lectures are more or less 
embodied in her book. 

Main Johnson, a member of the Tor- 
onto Branch of the Canadian Authors 
Association, is responsiVde for one of 
the most piquant features in Canadian 
journalism, a series of "Wednesday 
talks" in the Toronto Daily Star. These 
talks are quite different from anything 
we have seen before: they are entirely 
in dialogue and they touch everything 
from a discussion on books to theatres, 
from troubles of farm hands to sports. 

A member of the Toronto Branch of 
the Canadian Authors Association is 
Rev. John P. MacPhie of Monrovia. 
California. The Toronto Branch evi- 
dently goes far afield for its members. 

Amongst the Associate Members of 
the Toronto Branch are eight publish- 
ers in the shape of Henry Button. S. B. 
Watson, Thomas Allen. Chas. J. Mus- 
son, John McClelland. F. F. Appleton, 
F. G. London, and S. B. Gundy. More 
are coming in every day. 

The Women's Canuilian V.\\ib of Tor- 
onto is most anxious to collaborate 
with the Toronto Branch of the Can- 
adian Authors Association In Inter- 
ihanging speaker.^ who are Canadian 

One form of activity planned by the 
Toronto Branch of the Association for 
the fall is the provision of speakers foi- 
Irotherhood meetings and women's 
meetings, these speakers to discusx 
Canadian authorship and seek to stim- 
ulate the reading of Canadian authors, 
at the same time hoping to give pub- 
licity to the aims t.f the Canadian 
Authors Association. 

Sir John Willison. veteran news- 
paper editor and journalist. Is now a 
member of the Toronto Branch of the 
Canadian Author? Association. 

VV'. H. Blake, whose translation of 
"Maria Chapdelaine" was a feature of 
spring publishing, has left for England. 

George Elmore Reaman is publishing 
with Maenrillans this fall "The New 
Citizen." a book which ought to have 
a distinct appeal to Canadians. 

Huntley K. Gordon has under con- 
templation the publication of a book 
I'f verse. 

George W. Doran & Co.. of New 
York, are to publish "Sunny-san" by 
(Jnoto Watanna (Mrs. Francis Reeve). 
This is the first novel from the pen of 
-Mrs. Reeve in six years. Besides its 
publication as a book, it is being 
dramatized by Willard Mack, author of 
"Tiger Rose." George W. Doran. by 
the way, is also a Canadian, as is 
Willard Mac. 

"The Twenty-First Bur," the first 
novel by Victor Lauriston. secretary 
of the Western Ontario Section of the 
Canadian Authors Association, will be 
brought out next year in Canada by 
.McClelland & Stewart. Toronto. It is 
a mystery story, the scenes of which 
are laid in Western Ontario and De- 
troit — the territory covered by the 
Western Ontario section. The leading 
figuie in solving a perplexing puzzle 
of mysterious crime and mixed iden- 
tities is Glory Adair, graduate nurse, 
who also appears as a leading character 
in Mr. Lauristons novellette. "The 
Dead Man's Letter." published in the 
.November. 1921. issue of the "Black 
.Mask." New York. 

The Victoria and Vancouver Island 
Blanch of the Canadian Authors As- 
sociation has been reorganized upon a 
permanent basis. The following offi- 
cers, provisionally elected earlier in the 
year, were requested to continue in 
office until the next annual election: 
Chairman. J. Gordon Smith; Vice- 
Chairman. Mrs. A. de B. Shaw; Sec- 
retary. C. C. Pemberton; Treasurer. 
Donald Eraser. The committee are: L. 
.\dams Beck. Miss M. Pickthall and 
C. Swayne. B. C. Nichols and G. J. 
Dyke. It was decided that the Asso- 
ciation should meet once a month. 
Major Longstaff offering a studio at 
his residence on Highland Drive for 
this purpose. 

.^ story. "The Black Hand," by Miss 
Marjorie Pickthall. appeared in the 
October Century and another story by 
the same authoress. "The Man They 



December, 1921. 


Pitied," will aijpear in tlif Xovembei' 
Century. Miss Pickthall has also writ- 
ten a novel. "The Bridge," which is to 
be published in the spring by the 
Century Publishing Company. 

Mr. W. C. McCalla. of Edmonton. 
Alberta, author of "Wild Flowers of 
Western Canada" (Musson, Toronto. 
1920). has spent the summer on Van- 
couver Island and on the mainland 
taking iihotographs of flowers and 
trees with a view to publishing them 
in some form in the near future. 

Ray Palmer Baker, Professor of Eng- 
lish at Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, Troy. X.T., and author of the 
volume on the history of early Can- 
adian literature, which attracted si' 
much attention last .year, writes to thi 
Canadian Bookman as follows: "Sincf- 
the publication of my 'History of Eng- 
lish Canadian Literature to the Con- 
federation.' I have received numerou.'^ 
letters regarding the writers of the 
Pre-Confederation Period. As I am 
now engaged on a survey of Canadian 
literature since 1867, it is possible that 
readers of the Canadian Bookman who 
have had access to exclusive sources 
of information may wish to share their 
knowledge with me. Bibliographies, 
notes on rare editions, and lists of 
translations will be helpful. I shall be 
grateful for suggestions of any kind." 

Vancouver members of the British 
Columbia Branch of the Authors Asso- 
ciation are looking forward to the op- 
portunity for knowing more personally 
Canada's grand old poet. Charles Mair. 
It is Mr. Mair's intention to spend the 
winter in that city. Another welcome 
winter visitor to Vancouver will be 
Miss Marjorie L,. C. Pickthall. 

A very satisfying bit of book-making 
is "A Garden by the Sea (and Other 
Poems)." by L. A. Lefevre, published 
this September by Arthur L. Humph- 
reys (London) and soon to be offered 
to the Canadian public through a Can- 
adian publisher. It is fitting that 
poetry should be charmingly presented, 
and this little volume deckle-edged, 
well-printed, and bound tastefully in 
grey boards lettered with gold, is 
especially pleasing. Its author. Mrs. 
L. A. Lefevre, is a resident of Van- 
couver, B.C. Her poems are well 
known to western readers, especially 
"The Lions' Gate" and "Hail and Fare- 
well," which have been published be- 
fore in an illustrated booklet, now out 

of print. Both of these poems are. 
happily, to be found in the present 
book together with "A Daughter's 
Voice" (originally published in Eng- 
land in the National Review), and a 
wide selection of other verse. The Sea 
Garden frpm which the book takes its 
name, is one of the most beautiful 
spots in Vancouver's beautiful Point 

"The Birth of Montreal," a chronicle 
play by Amy Redpath Roddick (Lady 
Roddick), has just appeared from the 
press. The scene of the play, from 
1639 to 1660, shifts from France, in the 
house of M. de la Dauversiere, an en- 
thusiast who gives his fortune in order 
to found the town of Ville Marie, to 
that settlement on the banks of the 
St. Lawrence, and the great Maison- 
neuve with his devoted assistants. 
Jeanne Mance and Marguerite Bour- 
geoys. Those who enjoy studying early 
lite in Canada should find a good deal 
of interest in this play. In the same 
volume is another — a modern play con- 
cerning "The Key that Unlocks" — the 
hopes and dreams of a poor, unsuc- 
cessful poet: and a short collection of 
verse completes the book. 


Dr. J. D. Logan, of Acadia Univer- 
sity, has Issued an essay entitled 
"Scott and Haliburton" (T C. Allen 
and Co.. Halifax, 50 cents), which 
deals with the interesting question why 
Haliburton. as humourist, had no suc- 
cessor in Canada. Dr. Logan strongly 
opposes the doctrine that Haliburton 
founded an American school of humour, 
contending that that school, whose 
distinguishing characteristic is "ex- 
aggerated nonsense expressed with an 
air of serious veracity" (e.g. Mark 
Twain and Stephen Leacock). was really 
begun b.v Benjamin Franklin, and that 
Haliburton's method and motive were 
totaly different, being those of serious 
social .satire. The suggestion is in- 
teresting, but Dr. Logan seems to un- 
der-estimate the seriousness of purpose 
behind much of the fooling of all three 
of his "nonsense- writers." 

Mrs. Emily Murphy has recently 
printed in MacLean's Magazine an ex- 
cellent biographical and literary ac- 
count of Nellie McClung, written on 
the occasion of her departure to be the 
sole woman delegate to the Ecumenical 
Council of the Methodist Church. 
When Mrs. McClung gets back to Ed- 
monton, we hope she will do a similar 

article on Judge Murphy — perhaps 
apprnpos of the latter's nomination to 
the Senate. 

Stephen Leacock's appearances in 
England, which according to all ac- 
counts have been highly successful, 
have certainly been made under the 
most distinguished auspices. His 
chairmen for his four London lectures 
were Sir Owen Seaman. Mr. J. A. 
Spender, Sir Campbell Stuart and Mr. 
J. St. Lowe Strachey. 

Lilian Vaux MacKinnon, the author 
of tlie new Canadian university novel 
"Miriam of Queen's", is the wife of 
the Rev. Dr. Murdoch MacKinnon, who 
occupies the pulpit of the leading 
Presbyterian church at Regina. For 
a first novel, the book shows great 
promise, but Mrs. MacKinnon has al- 
ready had much experience in lesser 
literary work. 

Austin Bothwell. author of -the re- 
view of Mrs. Nellie McClung's "Pur- 
ple Springs" in this issue of the Book- 
man, was head of the Moderns de- 
partment at Manitolja College during 
the period covered by the political ac- 
tivities described in his novel. He is 
now further West, at the Collegiate 
Institute of Regina. 

The Canadian Authors Association 
has been fortunate in securing for its 
Honorary President one of the most 
accomplished literary craftswomen who 
have ever occupied Rideau Hall. The 
election of Her Excellency. Baroness 
B.vng of Vimy. to this office is by no 
means a mere formal recognition of 
the official position of Vice-Royaltv 
in Canada. It is also a tribute to fi 
career of earnest effort and marked 
success in the art of fiction. Lady 
Byng's two romances. "Barriers" and 
"Anne of the Marshlands", are inter- 
esting studies of character and local- 
ity, and the new Canadian edition of 
them should find many readers. It 
is to be hoped that the duties of her 
official position will not prevent Lady 
Byng from exercising her talents up- 
on Canadian subject matter while she 
is in this coimtry. 

Harvey O'Higgins, and Ontario boy 
and a student of Toronto University 
in the 'nineties, is the object of a 
notable tribute by Heywood Brown 
in a recent issue of the American 
Bookman. Mr. Brown describes the 


December, lillil. 



Canadian writer's stylo as "lUir.iliU' as 
well as decorative", and he iiincludes; 
thoni to a more Cliristian way of life. 
"OHiKKins is the literary pioneer of 
America in adoptinK tlie teacliinRS iif 
l'"reud and his modifiers for the pur- 
pose of the study of human oliaracter. 
And .vet despite this revolution in the 
viewpoint of the writer, one character- 
istic of his mental process remains 
unchanged. He still writes objectively, 
lOveu his passion for a persuasive 
hypothesis has not altered hi.s style. 
None of his inany hatreds «r even more 
numerous enthusiasms ever has. Up 
to and including the boiling point. 
Harvey O'HijTKins remains the sreut 

".lane.v Canuck" (Mi-s. l^niily Mur- 
phy) and Mrs. l''lorence Itandall Live- 
say were tlie Kuests of honour at a 
meeting of the' Winnipeg Branch of 
the C.A.A. recently, and Mrs. Mur- 
phy urged the production of a dis- 
tinctive Northwest literature. She re- 
minded her hearers of Hazlitt's saying 
that "all genius is in great measure 
national and local", and declared that 
the character and conditions of the 
Canadian West contained the neces- 
sary sources of inspiration for a very 
important literary output. 

R. W. Douglas. Librarian of the 
Carnegie Library of Vancouver, has 
been delivering a most interesting lec- 
ture on the extraordinary career of a 
dead Canadian author. Prof. James 
IJeMille. author of "The Strange Man- 
uscript Found in a Copper Cylinder". 
DeMille was a native of St. John, N. 
B.. and a student at Acadia College, 
where he afterwards became an in- 

structor. The oblivion Into wlili'l\ he 
has fallen Is due in part to the fact 
that his best work was published 
without his name eight years after 
his death, and in part to the fact 
that although writing for the Amer- 
ican market he persisted in ri'main- 
ing a Canadian .md a resident of tin- 
Dominion, so that there was nothing 
to be gained for his publishers ill ex- 
ploiting his personaIit.\-. 

Mmc. A. r>. Lacertc. the French- 
Canadian novi'list and poet, will short- 
ly publish a volume of verse entitled 
"Feuilles Volantes" and a novel en- 
titled "L'Ange de la Caverne". 

.■\ichdeacon Armitage's monumental 
"History of the Book of Common 
I'raycr" is due for publication about 
the time of the issue itt the new Can- 
adian I'rayerbook. and should be of 
great service in enabling church peo- 
ple to view the new pra.verbook in 
the proper historical light. The book 
is in the hands of the Cambridge 
University Press. 

The Calgary Branch of the C.A.A. 
had an interesting programme recent- 
ly, consisting in part of songs of which 
the words and music were both writ- 
ten by members, the words by Miss 
Geneva Lent, and the music by Mrs. 
W. F. W. Lent. 

The Southam Press, Montreal, is 
publishing a book on Auction Bridge 
by Ella O. Pimm which should prove 
of great interest to the beginner who 
is anxious to learn bridge, and also 
to the advanced player who wishes to 
improve his game. Mrs. Pimm is 
well known as a teacher of bridge in 
Montreal, and her experience lias en- 

abled !ier to write a book in the fjorni 
of graduated lesHons. She wrlteM In 
a convincing and lucid style upon a 
difficult subject. 

Wilson MacDonald of Toronto hud 
the distinguished honour of contribut- 
ing a long poem to a recent number 
of the London Mercury, the periodical 
which Just now apjiears to occupy the 
leading position in the field of the 
literar.v and other arts in England. 
There Is a iiossibility of .Mr. MaclJon- 
ald's publishing a new volume in Can- 
ada shx)rtly. IHs Mercury poem Is 
"Song to the N'aliant". 

Ijouis Hfmon. author of "Maria 
Chapdclaine". is the subject of an 
iini>ortant article by Hen^ Hazin in the 
Kc'VUe des Deux Mondes for October 
I. It includes several letters written 
from Canada by the novelist in the 
ver.v period when he wa.s exeeuting 
his masterpiece. An American edition 
of one of the translations is an early 
prospect. Both versions are selling 
extremely well in Canada, though 
dealers report that many purchasers 
insist on demanding "Mary Chaplin". 

The Toronto Women's Press Olub 
has issued for the Christmas trade 
a charming little brochure entitled 
"Verse and Reverse", containing over 
forty poems by thirty well-known 
writers, all members of the Club. A 
more suitable remembrance for Can- 
ailians to send to friends can hardly 
be imagined. The verse is of excellent 
ciuality. and the get-up charming. 
Kifty cents, from the trade or the 
Secretary, Miss Swinarton, 341 Church 
Street, Toronto. 


you want a good book 
— one in which there is 
real interest we would 
suggest a Bank Book. 
There is no better 

The Royal Bank 
of Canada 

Manuscripts Copied and Revised 
by a Literary Expert 

Punctuation and Construction 
corrected without destroying the 
vitality and picturesqueness of 
the author's style. 

25c per folio. 
Apply C. M. K., Box 27, 
Canadian Bookman, 

Gardenvale, Que. 


There is a large demand for several of the back 
numbers of the Canadian Bookman especially 
those of December 1919 & December 1920. 

Readers having copies of these or any other 
issues in good condition, & desirous of disposing 
of them, should communicate with the Editor, 
703 Drummond Bldg., Montreal, who will be glad 
to secure a purchaser at the best market price, 
less the cost of POST.\GE IN\ OLVED in the 

Those desirous of obtaining back numbers 
should apply to the Circulation Dept., 7D.3 
Drummond Bldg., Montreal. If there are no 
copies in stock, their application will be handed 
to the Editor, who will endeavor to procure 



Deeembpr. 1921. 



Assisted by a Large Staff of Experts 

Well Illustrated :: Strongly Bound 

■'One is struck by the accuracy of the refeiences to Canada" — The Globe, Toronto 

10 Cloth Bound Volumes $11.00 the Set Post-paid 



Clear Type 


Handy Size 


Smooth Lambskin Binding $2.00 

India Paper 


Black Morocco Binding $2.50 



Complete in 17 volumes, attractively bound in red cloth. Each volume has a 
coloured wrapper, specially designed by Lovat Eraser, depicting some of the 
chief characters of the book. This edition contains all the original inimitable 
illustrations by "Phiz" and others. 

$1.75 per Volume Post-paid 


77 Wellington St. W., Toronto 








sir Wilftid Lauiierwas appcalinn, iiitcicstiiif>;. drainal ic. beyond iii(»l |)()litical figures i>f modern 
times. His hiofiraphy is sinftulaily <io(n\ rcadiiif!;. It is illuminatiiitj. not only as rcjiards the recent 
iiistory cf Canada, hut also in its important relation to the world develoi)m('nt of Liljetalism. 

Not since the publication of Moi ley's "Life of (dadstone" has any hiojiraphy heen awaited 
witli su(di kecMi interest. Every intellifjent ('anadian will wish to jicssess this set, 

2 Vols.. Price $8.00 



Hi/ sir JOSEl'll I'OI'K. 

Tiiis viilunie has an assured place in Idslory 
and amonf,' liisteries. It is invaluable as a source 
of faseinating information of the period be- 
tween 1840 and 1890. But it has its wider 
place with that inereasin<r body of readers who 
are turninir to tlie lives of jrreat men f(v;- insi-rht 
into the life of man <renerally. 

His letters cover a Ion!i: and eventful life, a 
splendid career that was clesely associated with 
the enterprising and ])ioneer events so imixirtant 
In Canada's history. 

Price $0.00. 



The Tightness of her life; the earnestness of 
her effort; the invincibility of character com- 
bined with ability; the charm and helpfulness 
of her friendship ; the sacredness and beauty of 
her love — when at last she gives it — make the 
appeal of Mrs. Poi-ter's strongest and most ab- 
sorbing story. 

Price $1.75 net. 


Ell wiij. LEViyaioy co.meort. 

A story crackling with action, built upon the 

Price $].!M) net. 

passions in the freedom of the South 


A collection of the most recent writ- 
ings of the gifted Author of "Casuals of 
the Sea."' "Aliens." and "Captain Macedoine's 

L'rice Sl..')0 int. 

I'.il ARTIH i; IIEMISa. 

The authentic, draiiialic. pulsating .stoi-y of 
Canada's Xortherii wilds. It fa.scinates, enter- 
tains, inspires, and cducate^i, 

"The picturesque life of the Northern forests 
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Hudson's Bay Factors have passed their zenith. 
But Arthur Heming luw caught it — and held it 
-j-^and i)assed it on to yon." 

Beautifully illustrated with f{iurteen repro- 
ductions of .Mr. Heniing's ])aintings. 

Price .S'.')..-irt. 


''A)i E.rqiii.iite Flower of Danish I/iterature." 

This is the book which Ibsen designated as the 
greatest novel of the nineteenth century and is 
the one upon which Jacobsen's fame chiefly 
rests. It was written during his struggle with a 
long illness which resulted in his death. 

Price S3.35 net. 


/>'// ■•ELIZAHETir'. 

\Ve could string together a hmg list of ad.iec- 
tives i-ecounting the success of "Christopher and 
Columbus". "The Caravaners. " "The Pastoi-"s 
AYife." et al. l)ut we nuiy save our reader's 
time and express the hope that they will be as 
glad to read this new full length novel as we 
are to publish it. 

Price $1.90 net. 

WHITE LILAC and OTHER POEMS by Beatrice Redpath - Price $1.50 Net 

Doubleday Page & Co. 

Country Life Press 
Garden City - N. Y. 

Sr% i^J TlVTr^V^ ^^ Richmond St. West 
. B, VjUllL^Xj Toronto, - - Canada 




December, 1921. 


Hodder & Stoughton have the honour of publishing some of the BEST CANADIAN BOOKS of the season 


Illustrated Cloth $3.00 Net 

Looking backward over a long life crammed full of 
incident a life of continual travel, continual action. 
George Ham todav review.? the history of Canada from 
the forties to the present year. It is a history with 
which he has grown up, of which he has, indeed, been 
an integral part. It is an autobiography packed so 
tightly with interesting stories of men and events, so 
rich in that spontaneous comedy of which Mr. Ham is 
an exhaustless fountain, that one cannot go wrong no 
matter at what page the book is opened, m search ot 
entertainment. , . 

Always it is interesting. I believe it is no exaggera- 
tion to sav that there are no uninteresting sentences 
in George" Ham's reminiscences. They will be read, 
assuredly, bv thousands who know him and love him 
for wha't he is, — a great-hearted Canadian who has 
lived a life of strenuous endeavor in peace with all. 
— S. Morgan Powell in "The Montreal Star." 



Profuselj llluitrated Cloth $2.50 

The most important Canadian Boys' publication of 
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equalled collection of contributors who have written 
on every subject in which a bo>' may be interested. 
A list of outstanding contributors follows: 





Cloth $1.75 Net 

.\ master mystery .<5tory with a 
question you can't solve, and you 
can't put it down until you have fin- 
nished it. Addison Kent is a new 
character in detective fiction, who 
will take his place beside Sherlock 
Holmes and Craig Kennedy. In this 
book every card is on the table.' and 
it is a straight game of your wits 
and the author's all the way through. 
Yet even at the last you can't "get 
there" before Addison Kent. 


Cloth $2.00 Net 

Has sentiment any place in busi- 
ness? Has an employer the right to 
discharge a faithful employee merely 
because he has lost some of his use- 
fulness? How severely should 
Society punish a man when Society 
itself has really been responsible for 
his crimes? These and other ques- 
tions are posed in this new novel 
which is in a rather different vein 
from Basil King's earlier works. Hi.s 
plot is not carried by one or two 
main characters. A great many 
people weave the important threads 
in this story, which attempts to 
weigh modern business tactics b.v 
their effect on the individual worker. 


Cloth SI. 75 Net 
There is no writer who has a iietter 
right or stronger qualifications for 
romancing about the salt water than 
Mr. F. W. Wallace. This book is 
easily the greatest sea story ever 
written bv a Canadian. 

In "The Viking Blood " Mr. Wallace 
describes the adventures of a .Scotch 
boy in a large four-mast barque on a 
vo.vage from the Clyde to Vancouver. 
Coming back again froni Victoria to 
Halifax, the young sailor enters the 
Bank fishing fleet and there he finds 
the real romance and fascination of 
sea-faring. This excellent story will 
open the eyes of Canadians to the 
grand qualities of the fishermen of 
our Maritime Provinces. 



Author of "The Heart of Cherry McBain" 

Cloth $1.75 Net 

This is the story of Kirk Brander, a ne'er-do- w-ell 
who left the East because he wanted to prove to his 
old uncle and guardian that he could make a man ot 
himself. At the end of five years he is satisfied with 
the experiment and sets his face Eastward never to 
return But. unfortunately for his resolution, he reaches 
The Pas on the eve of the big north-country sporting 
event the Hudson Bay Dog Derby. Before he realizes 
it he is not only forced to run in the race but is forced 
into another conflict, the fight to gain control of a 
new copper mine in which his uncle is interested. How 
he fought everv varrt of the hundred-mile dog derby 
and everv dav of the six months' option on the mining 
property and won out in the end. makes a story of the 
Canadian north that is not only true to the life that is 
being lived there to-day, but is also replete with action 
and .stirring conflict in our country's great out-of- 


By R. G. MacBETH, M.A 
Cloth $3.50 Net 
A new history of the Royul North West Mounted 
Policemen, which is a real life record of one of the 
most remarkable bodies of men the world has ever seen. 
written by a man exceptionally qualified to undertake 
the work. The author has certainly spread upon these 
pages, which will now constitute the authoritative 
history of the R, N. \y. P. enough daring exploits of 
resourceful mounties in the pursuit, detection and 
capture of desperadoes, to commemorate for all time 
the glory of these Knights of the Canadian "U'est. 


Cloth $3.50 Net 

A book that the ordinary man or woman will read 
through for the sheer joy and fascination of reading it. 
It is unique among the many volumes of the life of 
Christ and will make an irresistible appeal to "the 
common people". Reverently and beautifully Dr. 
Smyth has told the story of the life of the Lord, and 
has brought the scenes and incidents in His life before 
the readers* eyes in such a vivid, arresting and fascinat- 
ing manner as we have seldom seen equalled. — "The 
Toronto Globe.'* 

Make Canada Canadian — Read Canadian Books 


VOL. IV. New Series. 

JANUARY, 1922. 
r, ARmONV.M.lC. Qi..- 

Number 2. Pnco 25c. 

Views on the Monthly Canadian 

The new idea of making the Bookman a 
monthly, I think, is excellent. On the quarterly 
plan, one almost lost interest before the next 
issue appeared. Congratulations on the quantity 
and quality rt{ the reading matter supplied.] 

M. O. Hammond 

Allow me to congratulate you on the first 
appearance of the Bookman as a monthly. I 
found it distinctly interesting, suggestive and in- 
structive. Canada needs a first-class critical re- 
view, and it looks as if you were on the way 
to producing it. 

Prof. Archibald MacMechan 

Halifax, N. S. /-^TT^ 

7 lit2i 




January, 1922. 


Canadian Authors Association 

Application for Membership 

(Applications may be forwarded to the officers of any branch of the Association, or 
to B. K. Sandwell, Hon. Secretary, Canadian Authors Association, 703 Drummond Bldg., 
Montreal. Cheques should be made payable to Canadian Authors Association, and may 
be drawn on any Canadian branch of a chartered bank.) 

1 hereby make application for election as 


Associate Member of the Canadian Authors Association, and in the event of such elec- 


tion I agree to conform to the Constitution and By-Laws of^ the Association. 

My qualifications are : 

(Give name of publication or publica- 
tions in book or magazine form, with 
date; or play or scenario or other quali- 
fying work.) 

Name in full {Mr., Mrs. or Miss) 


Date Signed 


Section 1. — The membership shall comprise three 
classes, viz.: — 

1. — Regular Members 
2. — Associate Members. 
3. — Life Members. 
Any writer, dramatist or scenario writer, or other 
creator of copyrightable literary material of recog- 
nized position In his or her profession as author may 
be admitted at the discretion of the Executive Com- 
mittee as a regular member. 

Other writers, publishers, booksellers, etc., who may 
nave sympathy with the objects of the Association, 
but who are not considered by the Executive Com- 
mittee as qualified for full membership, may be ad- 
mitted, at the discretion of the Executive Committee, 
as Associate Members, who shall receive the published 
reports of the Association and have the privilege of 
attending its General Meetings, but shall not have a 



Section 1. — All members shall sign the Constitution 
and By-laws of the Association either In person or by 
agent, proxy or attorney as the Council may by reso- 
lution provide. 

Section 4. — The annual dues of the Association shall 
be $5.00, and shall be paid on the first day of April 
of each year. Members who shall fall to make pay- 
ment within thirty (30) days thereafter shall cease to 
be in good standing, and, furthermore, shall be noti- 
fied of such failure by the Secretary. If within fifteen 
(15) days after said notice is mailed said dues shall 
remain unpaid, the Council shall have power to take 
such action as it may deem proper, and until such 
action Is taken all rights of the member are suspended 

Section 5. — The dues of persons elected to Associate 
Membership shall be $3.00 per fiscal year. Associate 
Members shall have no vote in the affairs of the 

Section 6. — Any person elected to membership In the 
Association shall pay his dues within thirty (36) days 
thereafter, otherwise his election shall be void. 

Section 7. — A regular member may become a life 
member upon the payment of ($100.00) one hundred 
dollars. Such payment shall exempt the life member 
from any further dues and assessments. 


I desire to receive one copy of the official organ of the Canadian Authors Association, as often as It may 
be published during my membership. I therefore authorize the Treasurer of the Association to pay to the pub- 
lishers of the Canadian Bookman, so long as it continues to act as the organ of the Association, the sum of one 
dollar per annum out of ray fee paid to the Association, as my subscription for the year covered by such fee, and 
to order the said Canadian Bookman sent to my address as shown on the records of the Association. 



(NOTE This form must be signed in order to comply with the P. O. regulations concerning magazine postage.) 


.Iaiuiiii'\'. 1022. 




To put personal- 
ity into your 
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a book for your 
friends, choose 
something that is 
recent, original, and 
The list here sub- 
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sideration fulfils 
these requirements. 

Leading English 


"One of the best novels I have 
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T. M. Barrie. 




A romance of youtli in that 
strange year 1920 in that strange 
town of London. 






Acclaimed by hundreds of t"liou- 
sands of her loyal readers as Ethel 
Dell's best novel. 


The Memoirs of a Man 
of Thirty 

Book of Reminiscences, by 
Stephen McKenna. A review 
by one of the most brilliant of 
the younger writers of the 
men, women and strange cus- 
toms of that by-gone age, 1890- 
1914. $4.00 

A Disclosure of Royal 

biogi'aphy, by Princess Louise 
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"Her book will be one of the 
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A Journey to a Forbid- 
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What is Happening in 
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by E. J. Dillon. That Mexico 
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the thesis of Dr. Dillon, an ex- 
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Has Shocked & Amused 

BLAME, by Elizabeth Bibesoo, 
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The Livest Book 
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The reminiscences nf statesmen are almost always interesting, often signifi- 
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dozen instances, but I doubt whether any of them was of greater attractiveness 
than that which has just come into the limelight of publicity, "Miscellanies, 
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volumes. $10.00 per set. 

Life of Robert, Marquis 
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By L>a<ly Gwendolen Cecil. 

One of the most important 
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Geo. H. Ham's "Remin- 
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Here, There and Every- 
where, by Lord Frederic 

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VOL. IV. No. 2. 


JANUARY. 1922 

Tilling a Narrow Field 

AminilxT (if tliin-is escaped l)ciii<i- said in I lie last 
issue of Thr ('aiKifliaii liookmiin which shduld 
have been said at the nionieiit of our transfor- 
mation from a quarterly to a monthly i)erio(lical, and 
which wouhl liave been said l)ut for the extreme pre- 
oeeupatioii with the cares of Canadian Authors" Week 
which beset all of the editorial staff. Not a word, 
for one thiii<r. was said about the ■■p(ilicy of the mag- 

For that matter, it is not the chau<re in periodicity 
which affords any reason for statements of policy. 
To those who have been familiar with the quarterly, 
we have only to say that tlie jiolicy of tlie monthly 
will be exactly the same. It is the expansion in the 
size of our public that gives rise to the need for ex- 
plicit utterance. So many new readers are now perus- 
ing The Cunadian Bool^man who were not perusing 
it six months ago that to them at least we do per- 
haps owe a word or two of explanation. 

The Canadian Bookman was started three years 
ago with a very definite programme of Canadian 
literary uationali-sm. Its promoters and editors re- 
garded that programme as one which was not only 
desiable in itself but was absolutely thrust upon 
them by circumstances. Our aim has been, first to 
deal with all subjects of current interest in the Can- 
adian literary sjihere. and second, when dealing with 
other .subjects, to .sound concerning them a charac- 
teristically Canadian voice. AVe have not gone in 
very much for "general literature" on which there 
was nothing specifically Canadian to be said. Occa- 
sionally a "general" article, usually proceeding 
from the pen of an English educationist more or less 
temporarily sojourning in Canada, has appeared in 
our pages, because it was offered to us and was s;i 
good that we were unable to refuse it. We have 
seldom deliberately sought sucli articles, we have 
never purchased them from outside of Canada, and 
■while we have been proud of them for their excellen- 
ce we have never regarded them as part of the real 
function of the magazine. From this habit certain 
correspondents and critics have drawn the absurd de- 
duction that we do not recognise the existence or at 
any rate the importance of an>' li'erature except that 
of Canada, and that we are guilty of a species of in- 
sularity particularly offensive in people whose lit- 
erary "island"' is so young and undeveloped. It 
would be about as logical to reprimand the editors 
of the "Law Times" for not giving mo-e attention 
to pain+ing, or to impute narrowness to the Financial 
Post because it says so little about tlie Higher Criti- 

In Canadian liteiature and Canadian crilicisni we 
believe that we have a special field, very little lilled 
liy others and much in need of cultivation. The l..iter- 
ary Supplements of the London Times and of the 
New York Post and N'ew York Times are wirlely i-ead 
by Canadians, but they will lut tell Canadians much 
about their own literature. The London Times Sup- 
plement the other day reviewed a new edition of Bliss 
Carman's "Lyrics from Sappli""" as if it were a new 
w(M-k, and regretted that -the author had not in- 
cluded the fragments discovered by archaelogist.s in 
the last five years; and in the same issue opened a 
review (very favourable indeed) of Basil King"s 
latest and, we believe, fourteenth novel with the 
words: "If this is a first novel it is— etc., etc." The 
New York Times would not. of course, dream cf ad- 
mitting that either Bliss Carman or Basil King was 
anything but a jierfectly representa'ive Ame: ican. 
AVe shall get no light on our national literary ideals 
and tendencies from these or any other non-Can- 
adien publications. If any light is to be shed, it 
must be shed in Canada. 

The shedding of that light, on subjects .specifically 
Canadian or susceptible of a specifically Canadian 
point of view, is the particular function of The Can- 
adian Bookman. But there is a vast area of literary 
diseus.sion, quite outside of the ground thus defined, 
which we cannot :egard as belonging to cur field. We 
have never claimed that i-eaders of this majrazine will 
through it alone be made acquainted wi h the whole 
body of current new.s and current thought on the lit- 
erature of the whole world, or even of the English 
language. Kather, we much prefer to think that the 
great majority of our readers are per.sous sufficiently 
enlightened and s'lfficiently interested in curient lit- 
erature to read at least one of the great weekly or 
monthly reviews of Great B i'ain or the United 
States; and our own object is tc supplement the gen- 
eral knowledge which tliey will thus derive with .some 
special knowledge about their own Canadian output 
which they could not acquii'e from abroad. 

If we have not said, and shall not. say. very much 
about Conrad and Galswor'hy and Aiiatole France 
(nor about Dante and Shakespeare and Shelley), it is 
not because we have no opinion of those writei-s, no:- 
because we have no opinion about them. It is simplv 
because there are plenty of excellent criticisms of 
them obtainable elsewhere, and because there does 
not seem to be any special nee 1 for printing a speci- 
fically Canadian opinion abou' them, or rather anv 
reason why there should even be a specifically Can- 
adian opinion about them. Indeed, if we oui-selves 
should ever find time to write an a: tide on Conrad 
which is even now seething in our mind, we should 



.laiuiai-v, 1922. 

must likely wuleavoiu- to sell it, not as a Caiiacliau 
opinion, for it would not be one, but as the oi)inion 
of a thiukLug luiinan being who might have been in 
Manehestei- or Milwaukee or Mell)ourne, to one of the 
great reviews wliicli circulate in all three of those 
places as well as in Montreal and iledicine Hat. If 
no such periodical be \\-illingr to jjurchase it, wc are 
perfectly willing to let our opinion of -Conrad waste 
its fragrance on the desert air of our study drawer, 
rather than devo'e to it any of the precious and 
Ihuited .space that is at our dis|)osal in The ('aiKuliaii 
Hookman for tlic expression of Canadian jxtints of 
view and the discussion of Canadian literai-y pro- 
ducts. If ihul be a narrow and l)igoted nationalism, 
we must plead guilty. 

The Canadian Bookman is somethiug more, and 
something less, tlian a Bookman which happens :o be 
edited in Canada. The adjective is not the result 
of geographical accident. It is a declaration of the 
main interests and olirjects of the magazine. Wc ad- 
mit that the field is narrow. Our sufficient justifi- 
cation for tilling a narrow field is that we endeavour 
to till it rather intensively, and that we believe that 
the area under cultivation will rapidly prove extremely 

factors can stifle literature which ought to be pro- 
duced, as tliey can and often do destroy life. We 
believe it to he true that economic factors are among 
the chief obstacles with whicli Canadian literature has 
to contend, and in tliat l)clief we endeavour to remove 
as many economic obstacles as possible from the path 
of the Canadian author. 

The Big Week 

NEVER in liis jii.story has the Canadian aulhoi- 
had so much attention from his fellow-citizens 
a.s during the week from November I'J to 2(i, 
1921. That is the outstanding achievement of Can- 
adian Authors' Week, the great undertaking of 
the Canadian Autliors Association. Attention is the 
first thing that the Canadian author needs. He can- 
not live and produce literature on attention alone, we 
are well aware; but we are not in the least afraid of 
what ^vill follow as the result of that attention. The 
Canadian author has dune enough good woi-k ti; just- 
ify all the attention that has l)een paid to him during 
and since that epoch-making week, and much more. 
He has done ejiough good work to ensure that that 
attention will sijeedily be translated into ajiprecia- 
tion and aetive support of the best in Canadian lit- 
erary products. 

In some quai'ters the campaign of November 19 to 
26 has been viewed, we are convinced wrongly, as a 
sordid commercial undertaking, carried out in co- 
oi)eration with sales agents, and having for its object 
noMiing higher than the sale of a larger nund)er of 
Canadian books. AVe have the highest respect for the 
Canadian Forum, which is the accredited intellec- 
tualist o:gcUi of this eounti\v, but we feel that it has 
failed to perceive that a sale of a book may be some- 
tiling more than a mere economic '^ransaction, may in 
fact be followed by spiritual consetjuences quite dif- 
ferent from those which follow the sale of a loaf of 
bread, and may therefore be desirable for tiicse con- 
sequences even if not for itself. 

It is surely something to have diverted an appre- 
ciable fraction of the purchasing power, and also of 
the at'eution, of Canadians for a brief time from some 
of the less profitable matters cm which they habit- 
ually spend their time and money, and in whicli we 
venture to include the majority of jilionographs and 
their records and tlic majority <if movie shows, and 
to have directed them 'o the very creditable, even if 
not always genius-marked, i)roducts of the Canadian 
writer. Ectmomic factors will not produce literature, 
just as they will not produce life: but ccimoniic 

On the Language of French 

MliS \V. 11. Dniiiiii 1, ill a recent letter to the 
Montreal Gazette, takes is.sue with Mr. Hector 
Garneau upon a sentence in his article in the 
June Canadian Bookman. Mr. Garneau, according to 
Mrs. Drummcnd, accuses the late Dr. nrummond of 
"exploiting*" the patois in whicli his poems are writ- 
ten as being the French of French-Canadians. Mr. 
(rariieau does not .seem to have felt inclined to take 
up the issue, which is i)crha|)s a pity, since a full dis- 
cussion might have cleared u]) much of the misun- 
derstanding which does undoubtedly exist in some 
(|uar'ers about the Drummond poems. 

Nobody, and probably Mr. Garneau ja-st of all, de- 
sires to accuse the late Dr. Driiiuiiioiul of any inten- 
tion til mis: epresent the Frencli-Caiuuliaii people. Nor 
ciiiild his works have the effect of luisrejiresenting 
tlicni, to anyliody who reads them with a i)ioi)er iiii- 
ders-tanding of what they are and were intended to 
be, or with pro))er attention to that preface in which 
the author explains that he aimed at "having my 
friends tell their tales in thei:' own way, as iiiey 
would relate them to English-speaking auditors not 
conversant with the French tongue." 

Unfortunately, i)oetry, and esi)ecially popular 
poetry, is not alwaj's read with the discrimination 
and attention which we have just described. And 
there appears to be .some justification in fact for the 
belief, whicli is widespread among French-Canadians, 
that the Drunniu;nd poems, when read by residents 
of the United Spates and even of parts of Canada 
where the French-Canadian is not well known, con- 
vey to many jiersons the idea that the language em- 
])loyed is actually the native dialect and habitual 
manner of speech of the habitant. That .such an idea 
is iidierently, and to the initiate obviou.sly, absurd, 
is nothing to do with the case. Inherent absurdity is 
perhajjs the one quality which does most to recom- 
mend an idea to certain classes of non-reflective jier- 

For ourselves, wc sliiuld s'rongly maintain that any 
damage that may be done to the rejiutation of French 
Canada in the rest of the world by this foolish mis- 
ajqirehension was of negligible importance (owing to 
the unimportance of the jie .sons entertaining it), and 
was far more than outweighed by Dr. Drummond 's 
innnense services in popi larising a charming i)ic'ui-c 
of the generosity, simplicitv. honesty, intellectual in- 
sight and traditional culti're of the habitant. But it 
is permitted to any peo])lc to be more sensitive on the 
.subject of the world's estimate of its language- and 
manner of speech than of its mental and moral char- 
acteristics; and French Canada has undoubtedly had 
a great deal to put up with on the former head. 

Tlll'j chief concliisicii o lie drawn from the sam- 
ples already submitted for the motto of the 
Canadian Authors Association is that good 
mottos are extremely hard to do. 

January, l'J22. 



James De Mille 


The accompanying article on James 
T>e Millo \v;is originally delivered as 
the first lecture of the sixth course of 
Saturday eveninii lectures at the Car- 
negie I^ibrary. \'ancouver, K.r.. by R. 
W. Douglas, the Librarian. In his in- 
tVoduction Mr. Douglas stated that a 
new departure would be taken in this 
sixth course, and much more time de- 
voted to Canadian authors. "It seems 
to me," he said, "to be highly desir- 
able to display the works and com- 
ment on the literary standing of such 
writers in order to make them bettei 
known. Whether they have produced 
Canadian literature or Knglish litera- 
ture is a matter of small importance 
to our enquiry. Canadians have pro- 
duced and are producing notable lit'er- 

"It is worth while to obtain at least 
a bowing acquaintance with our writ- 
ers which some of us have hitherto 
neglected, to our loss and theirs. Let 
us correct' that neglect as far as we 
are able; let us be sure that we real- 
ize what it means to possess a great 
writer in our midst; how proud we 
should be of it; what pains we should 
take to make his path easy." 

I'l' is perliaps true enough 
that no Canadian writer so 
Tar, lias produoed literary 
work that immediatel.v won 
world-wide reuoguitiou as an 
unchallengeable work of genius. 
Furthermore the literatures of 
Canada and the United States 
possess no outstanding single work, 
like the Divine Comedy of Dante, 
the Paradise Lost of Milton, the 
Hamlet of Shakesjieare, the Don 
(t)uixote of Cervantes and the Faust 
of Goethe, to whieli has been ae- 
eorded a supreme place in the 
world's regard. Nearly all the 
European countries, .sometimes 
after waiting througli the ages, 
have finally won this i)aramount 
distinction. Perhaps there are ob- 
vious and sufficient reasons why 
Canada and her sister nation have 
failed to reach this position. These 
reasons have been widely discus- 
sed, and are mere or less convin- 
cing, but I am not concerned with 
them on *his occa.sion. What hiis 
given me concern is the fact that 
some of our talented writers have 
been completely ignored, and their 
w(H-ks left to gather the dust of 
neglect, as if they contained no 
appeal to Canadian readers, and 
there was no hint of dn'y in the 
matter. Since the advance imtii-c 
of this lecture was placet! on the 
linlletiii board of the library. I 
have been asked scores of times the 
i[ue.stions: "Who was Professor 
De. Mille ? " ' ' ' What did he write 
important enough to base a lect- 

ure uprn hiiii .' The fai-t I hal 

unixcrNit \' men asked these (|ues- 
tions makes tiic case of neglect 
against us all the greater, and dif- 
ficult to understand. It is difficult 
to understand because De Mille 
in his life time was a popular au- 
thor and was much read. lie sold 
his works foi' large sums. The.v 
were often reprinted. They were 
ravoiirabiy reviewed. They were 
never dull, in number they amount- 
ed to thirty or forty volumes. And 
tmlay educated men in his own 
(■(Uiiitry are asking "Wiio was 
•lames De Mille, and what did he 
write?'' Truly it is an unfortun- 
ate case and not very creditable to 
the Canadian jjcople, De Mille 
was a Canadian of the Canadians. 
Tie lived nearly all his life in Can- 
Mila, wrote his l)ooks in Canada, 
lectured for years to Canadian 
s; udeuts in a Canadian College, 
educated hundretls of his fellow 
countrymen, liut was obliged to 
publish his literary woi-k, thiougli 
lack of faciliti,es at home, in Boston 
and New York, His readers in Can- 
ada, knowing little concerning 
him and observing that he const- 
antly wrote for American jieriod- 
icals, regarded him as an Am- 
erican, and his American readers 
of course labelled him with the 
foreign mark, with the result, that 
popular as were his works, his 
personality did not greatly interest 
either country. After his death 
hi.s countrymen not coming as they 
should have done to the rescue of 
fatne, his books one by one ceased to 
lie reprinted, and his memory grad- 
ually faded out of the public mind. 
A sad sequel to so much expend- 
iture of energy and genius! It is 
certainly our duty now as Can- 
adians to review his work and re- 
vive an interest in a great Cana- 
dian writei- whom whom we have 
so foolishly neglected. 

The present lectiu'c is intended 
to tell you something more or less 
authentic of the .\nthor of Strtixge 
Manuscripi Found in a Coppfir Cy- 
linder — an author that some of 
you may have heard cf for the first 
time. But the time will surely 
come Avhen his name aiul literary 
achievements will be unforget- 
table to ymi all. 

I do no', claim for De Mille, 
however, that he was a Dickens, a 
Milton or a Tennyson, or that he 
wrote literarv work of so exalted a 

charaeter that he ccudd not be ex- 
celled. By no means. Neverthe- 
less lie ])ossessed great and sur- 
prisingly varied talents that would 
liave carried liim to a lofty posi- 
tion had he lived in England. He 
was terribly and sadly handi(^ap- 
ped as a litei-ary nuiti by his re- 
sidence in Canada. I someliuies 
think it would liave been well for 
liim if he had followed Halibur- 
ton's example and betaken him- 
self to London, where in the cen- 
tre of the Empire he would have 
received the encouragement that 
every author needs, if he is t > give 
the world of his best. In London 
his genius would Have flowered as 
it iie\;er could have dene in the 
narrow, rather straitlaced. envi- 
ronment of Nova Scotia. A h' n- 
dreil times I have lamented while 
writing this lecture that no oni' 
has thought fit to write his bio- 
graphy, or collect and publish his 
letters. There is surprisingly little 
in ]);int concei-ning him. Dr. S. E. 
Dawson, about twenty years age. 
delivered a lecture on Canadian 
Pros<' writers, and the only refer- 
ence in it to De Mille was as fol- 
lows : "Prof. De Milft, the bril- 
liant author of The Dodfje Club, 
left Canada to achieve fame in 
other lands," which is .iiist what 
he didn't do. Dawson might have 
spared that little slui-. ]\Ir. T. G. 
Martjuis in his fairly satisfact(;:y 
essay on Canadian writers which 
forms a part of the montimental 
History of Canada, published a 
few years ago, merely devoted two 
slim paragraphs to De Mille. I 
have ctmsulted more than half a 
score of other writers on Can- 
adian literatuie, but they allimit 
any reference to De Mille. Con 
sidcring his literary achieveuients 
this ungenerous trea'ment is as- 
totmdiug and disconcerting. The 
only biographic information 1 have 
been able to find was published in 
the Canadian JIagazine about six- 
teen years ago. by Prof, MacMe- 
chan, who evidently had unusual 
sources of information. For this 
lecture T have drawn freely from 
that all too brief account, and the 
biographical details could not have 
been given at all wi'liout recourse 
to it. 

"Men such as De Mille," says 
MacMeehan. "are not met with 
every day, especially in a young 
country like ours, slowly struggling 
upwards to competence, political 



January. 1922. 

freedom and culture. ' ' He was in 
his time or the widest read and the 
most productive of Canadian writ- 
ers. He is .still in many ways the 
most remarkable the country has 
produced. As a teacher he was one 
of the most capable and best lo\'ed 
men who ever lectured in Canada, 
and his old .students still speak of 
him after forty years with deep af- 
fection. Those who knew him best 
are not surpi-ised that he never 
cultivated the arts of the literarj^ 
lo^-roller. He never tried to push 
iiimself, into the public view, and 
he was known intimately only to 
his own family and a small ciicle 
of friends."' One who knew him 
well states "that he was better 
worth knowing than half the peo- 
ple who have memoirs written of 

James De Mille was born on Aug- 
ust 2.3rd 18.33, at St. John, N.B. 
From his father he inherited his 
great energy and capacity far 
work, and from his mother the 
gentleness and sweet temper that 
always characterized him. The De 
Mille family are of Ignited Empire 
Loyalist origin, the first De Milles 
coming from the Sta*e of New 
York. The author's father, Nathan 
S. De Mill (.spelled without the 
final "e") was a well-to-do mer- 
chant and .shipowner in St. John. 
He was a prominent leader in the 
Baptist Church, and a liberal con- 
tributor to its support. For many 
years he was a governor of Acadia 
College. He was a man of consi- 
derable eccentricity of character, 
noted f<!r his stalwart frame, his 
florid, rugged face, and his un- 
bending Puritanism. At a time 
when total abstinence was regard- 
ed as a mild fonn of lunacy, he 
was known as ' ' Cold-water De Mil- 
le." Stories are told of his having 
emptied a ba'rel of rum into St. 
John harbour; at anothei- time he 
is said to have burned a parcel of 
novels tha* he found in one of his 
cai-goes. Mrs. De Mille belonged 
to a well-known family, the Budds 
of Digby, N.S., and was descended 
from a surgeon who sen-ed with 
the British in the Revolutionary 
War. She is described by thos>' 
who knew her a-s a charming old 
lady, very quiet and i-etiring. The 
first son of the De Mille 's was 
named Rudd, and grew up to be a 
brilliant jninister of the Baptist 
Church, and through life, was the 
flosest friend of his talented 
brother, James. 

The elder De Mille is said to 
have thought lightly of book-learn- 
ing, and placed his two bovs at an 

early age in his counting house. 
. But they had a love for knowledge, 
and gained the i-eading habit. They 
kept in their desks not only pro- 
hibited works of fiction, but also 
more serious books to study from, 
as opportunity served. At the age 
of fifteen James was sent to Hor- 
ton Academy and spent a >-ear in 
the preparatory dei:)artment. He 
matriculated at Acadia College in 
1849, and his name stands first on 
the list of students entering. Ac- 
cording to Prof. MacMechan his 
school life was full of innocent 
pranks in which he took a leading 
I)art. He was evidently the fun- 
maker for the school. But though 
he took his share in all sport he 
was far from being backward in 
his studies. This is shown by the 
position Avhich his name holds on 
the lis+ of matriculants, and by 
the fact that after an interval of a 
year and a half, he was able to 
enter the sophomore year at Brown 
University and proceed in 
to the degree of M.A. having spent 
no moiv than his freshman year 
at Acadia. At the age of .seven- 
teen he went with his brother Budd 
on a tour of Europe. The two 
brothers made a short walking tour 
into 'North Wales ^nd Scotland. 
They saw Glasgow, the Highlands, 
Edinburgh, then returning to Li- 
verpool, they made a hasty run 
through England. Cro.ssing to Ca- 
lais, they went to Boulogne and 
'hence to Paris. Then they follow- 
ed the old diligence line, the route 
of Sterne's Sentimental Journey. 
through Central France to Mar- 
seilles. Here, they took the .steamer 
to Geneva, where they were not 
allowed to land, .so they passed on 
to Leghorn. The.v wintered in 
Italy, n-avelling leisurely about 
from Florence to Rome and Xa- 
ples, and thence back again to Pa- 
dua, Venice and Milan, making the 
.sight-seer's diligent rounds of gal- 
lery and cathedral. On leaving 
Italy for Switzei-land, De Mille 
wrote his impressions in the follow- 
ing charactei-istic manner: 

We thought of leaving It.aly aV that 
time without regret, for although we 
had spent several pleasant months 
there, and had seen more heauty and 
places of interest than in our whole 
former lives, still we were fired of 
wandering continually about and 
longed for some settled habitation. 
Our reminiscences of "Sweet and 
Sunny Italy" were and always will be 
pleasant, for In that land we had 
passed very many exceedingly happy 
days. Having seen it wc felt as if 
nothing more remained. The roniem- 
hrance of its magnificent cifies. its 
captivating scenery., its sublime public 
edifices, and glorious works of art was 

indelibl.v impressed upon our memor- 
ies. We had seen all of Italy we 
wished and rather too much of the 
Italians, concerning whom our senti- 
ments at the time of our departure 
were widely different from those which 
we entertained upon our arrival. 
Then we felt sorry for the poor, op- 
pressed, noble-minded Italians, whose 
only aspiration was for freedom. But 
after having been cheated in every 
town in the country by ragged vaga- 
bonds who would gladly sell fhem- 
selves for a sixpence, after having 
met with roguery in every spot ot 
that classic land, our views with re-' 
gard to its inhabitants we would 
rather leave untold. Afterwards the 
remembrance of villainy passed away 
and there "remained only a pleasing 
and immovable recollection of the 
"Garden of fhe World." 

It would be hard to over-estim- 
ate the influence which these 
eighteen months abroad exerted 
ui)on the whole of De Mille 's sub- 
se(juent life. For a talented boy, 
in the most impressionable period 
of his life, to come into direct con- 
tact with old-world civilization was 
in itself a liberal education. The 
effect of this tour in broadening 
his mind and stimulating his in- 
ventive faculty perhaps gave him 
the needed impulse to become a 
writer. Of all the countries lie 
visited, Italy seems to have left 
upon his mind the most vivid and 
lasting impressions, and coloured 
a good deal of his subsequent writ- 

The brotiiers did not return home 
to Canada until near the close of 
18,')1, and in February 18.52 De 
Mille was able to resume his inter- 
rupted College Course. Instead of 
returning to Acadia he entered 
Brown University at Providence, 
Rhode Island. In -July 18.54 De 
Mille graduated Master of Arts. 
"At Brown University De Mille 
studied many subjects not on the 
prescribed Curriculum. Brown was 
a Baptist College, and the term at 
that time was nearly eleven months 
long, and the whole time, we are 
tolcl, was spent on Natural Philo- 
.sophy and Rhetoric, with the al- 
ternative of Chemistry in one half 
year and Physiolog.v in the next. 
Elective studies had not been 
heard of in those days, and indi- 
vidual development received no 
consideration. Therefore De Millo 
with an active mind fresh from 
European stud.\ naturall.\' went 
farther afield tlian iiis Curriculum, 
He studied Italian in order to read 
Dante; he studied man.v subjects 
foreign to his University Course. 
And about this time he began to 
write for the Magazines. His 
.serious success in that Line was a 
notable Canadian subject, Acndw, 
the Home of EvangeUnc, wbicl; 

.Iaini;ir\', 1!)L'2. 



was ai-cr|)le(| hy rutnam's a liij.'-li 
••lass iiiDiiIlily of Xow Vdi'k." 

Ill .laniuiiy, 1S7(), llic "New 
iViininidn" ul' 8t. John, \.B., be- 
gan to imhlisli a story by I)e Mille, 
called Tin Miunrhnhii Mints, which 
it hail reimlilishcil from the Hoston 
Coninu'i-cial Hiilletiii, that ran 
through sixty oi' more cliai)tei-s. I 
cannot discover wiicther this story 
has ever been published in book 
form, but 1 rather think it has 
never been so j)nblished. 

In his student days De Mille con- 
tributed to many papers and mag- 
azines, and these fugitive literary 
papers anil stories will some day he 
carefully gleaned, annotated and 
republished, but perhaps the time 
is uot yet ripe for that procedure. 

De Mille retuiiieil to Canada iu 
IS.")"), or early in l.s.jti. His father 
having met wiih a business rever- 
se, young De ]\Iille, went iuto busi- 
ness, forming a partnership with 
a Mr. Fillinaore, and opened a 
book shop iu 8t. John. 

De Mille was not fitted for trade, 
and his partner proving negligent 
or incompetent or both the vent- 
iiie failed, and burdened him with 
debts for a long time. In 1859 be 
mari-ietl Anne Pryor, a daughter 
of Rev. John Pryor, the first pre- 
sident of Acadia College. Two 
j:ears later he was called to the 
classical chair of Acadia, and in 
1S(J4 he resigned it to take the 
chair of English Jjiterature and 
Rhetoric at Dalhousie, Halifax. 
For this position lie was especially 
well fitted, and he filled it with 
marked ability and success until 
his sudden death iu 1880. 

It is well to observe here that 
De Mille, except for a couple of 
years spent abroad in travel and 
his student days at Brown Uni- 
versity, lived almost his whole life 
iu Canada. He was Canadian in 
every respect, iu birth, in life and 
iu sympathy. But his native land 
possessed no publishing houses, 
and so he was forced to send what 
he wrote abroad. Before 1865, 
po.ssibly in the early part of 186-t, 
lie had published a powerful little 
book, called The Martyis of the 
Catacombs. This proving quite 
successful, he tried again three 
years later in 1867, publishing, 
through Carter, of New York. Hele- 
na's Household, a tale of Rome in 
the first Century. This appeared 
for some rea.son without its Au- 
thor's name. It is a lurid, power- 
ful, historical uovel, describing the 
burning of Rome, and the treat- 
ment of the early Christians. It 
is perhaps more reserved than 

Whytc .MclvUh's (ihiilitilor. Iiul it 
is work of the same type, and seems 
to have had a large sale. 

A year later in 1868 came The 
Dodt/e Club Ahioad, wiiicli was 
])ul)lished .serially al in llar- 
I)er"s Monthly .ilagaxiue. If im- 
mediately reappeared in Ixiok form 
with a great number of wood-cuts, 
and had a splendid success. Nobody 
today can i)ossibly e.stimate how 
many editions of this lK)ok have 
been published, possii)ly thirty or 
forty, or more. For fifty years 
the Harpeis have steadily sold it, 
and are still selling it. The book was 
the forerunner of .Mark Twain's 
Innocents Abroad, and is based 
upon some of the ex|)erienees of 
the De Mille brothers iu Europe, 
.seventeen years before. There is. 
naturally little phit, as plot was' 
uot necessary in such a book, but 
there was genuine verve and irie- 
pressible humour. (Jue of the chief 
eharactei-s in the story is an Am- 
erican Senator, whose mental 
equipment is sufficiently revealed 
in the following opinion he gives 
of the Italian ])eople after some 
experience among them. 

"These Italians," said the Senafor, 
"air a singular people. They're defi- 
cient. They're wanting in the leading 
element of the age. They haven't' got 
any idea of the principle of pro-gress. 
They don't understand trade. There's 
where they miss it. What's the use 
of hand-organs? What's the use ot 
dancers? What's the use of statoos, 
whether plaster images or marble 
sculpi'oor? Can they clear \ forests? 
Or build up States? No sir; and 
therefore I say that this Italian nation 
will never be worth a cuss until they 
are inoculated with the spirit ot 
seventy-six, the principles of the Pil- 
grim Fathers, and the doctrines of the 

"Boney knows it." he added senten- 
tiously — "bless you, Boney knows it." 

The- Senator got himself mixed 
lip with the Countess di Nottinevo, 
a brilliant women, and the ack- 
nowledged leader of the liberal 
part of Floreutine society. The 
Senator became her prey, and the 
.scenes between them are worked 
out with irrepressible fun. 

At last the Senator came to the con- 
clusion that the Countess had fallen 
desperately in love with him. She ap- 
peared to be a widow. At' least she 
had no husband that he had ever 
seen; and therefore to the Senator's 
mind she must be a spinster or a 
widow. Now if the poor iCountess 
was hopelessly in love it must be 
stopped at once. For he was a mar- 
ried man. and his good lady still lived. 
with a very Karge family, most of the 
members of which had grown up. 
The Countess ought to know this 
She ought indeed. But let the know- 
ledge be given delicately, not abruptly. 
He confided his little difficulty to the 
fAmp"-''">"'> Minister. The Ministei 
only laughed heartily. 

"It'.H no InuKhinK m;ilter," M:iiil the 
Senator. "It's serious. I Chink you 
mlKht give an oplnlf)n," But the 
.Minister declined, nnd (.Tinned more 
than ever. 

The Senator wax indignant, but his 
course was taken. On the following; 
evening they walked on the balcony 
of the noble Lady's residence. She 
was sentimental, devoted, charming. 

"Does ze scene please you. My Sen- 
ator?" the Countess Inquired. 

"Very much Indeed," ho answered. 

"Your countrymen haf tol' me ze> 
would like to stay here forever," saiu 
the Countess. 

"It is a beautiful place." 

"Did you ever see .inything more 
loafely?" And the Countess looked 
him full In the face. 

"Never," said the Senator earnestly. 

The next instant he blushed. He 
had been betrayed Into a compliment. 

"H^las! My Senator, that it is not 
permitted t'o mortals to 'sociate as zey 
would like." 

"Your Senator," thought the gentle- 
man thus addressed; "how fond! how 
fender! — poor thing! poor thing!" 

"I wish that Italy was nearer to the 
States," said he. 

"How I admire your style of mind, 
so different from the Italian. You 
are so strong, so noble. Yet would 1 
like to see more of the poetic in you." 

"I always loved poetry, marm." said 
the Senator desperately. 

"Ah — good, eccelente. I am pleas 
at zat," cried the Countess with much 
animation. "You would loafe it more 
eef you knew Italiano. Your language 
ees not sufficient musicale for poetry.' 

"It is not so soft a language as the 

"Ah, no — not so soft. Very well." 
"The sweetest language I ever heard 
in my born days." 

"Ah. now — you have not heard much 
of the Italiano, my Senator." 

"I have heard you speak often," said 
the Senator. 

"Ah. you compliment. I thought you 
was above flatera. What Ingelis poet 
do you loafe best?" 

"Poet? English poet?" said the 
Senator with some surprise. — "O, why 
marm, I think Watts is about the best 
■ lot." 

"Watt? Was he a poet? I did not 
know that. He who invented the 
stim-injaine? And yet if he was a 
poet it is naturale zat you loafe him 

"Steam Engine?" said the Senator. 
"Oh, no, this Watt was a minister." 

"A ministaire? Ah. an Abbf. 1 
know him not. Yet I have read most 
of all your poets." 

"He made up hymns, marm, and 
psalms, for instance: Watts' 'Divine 
Hymns and Spiritual Songs." 

"Songs? Spirituelle? Ah, I must 
once procure ze works of Watt, which 
was favourite poet of my Senator." 

"A lady of such intelligence as you 
would like the poet Watts," said the 
Senator firmly. "He is the best 
known by far of all our poets." 

"WTiat! Better zan Shakespeare, Mil- 
ton. Byron. You much suprass me." 

"Better known and better loved than 
the whole lot. Why his poetry is 
known by heart through all England 
and America." said the Senator. 

"Merciful Heaven! Wnat you teil 
me! ees it possible! And yet he is 
not known here even by name." 



Januarv, inno 

Then she commeuces to coax him 
to quote her a sample of England's 
great poet of whom she has never 
before heard. He is wUliug enough 
but he happens to have forgotten 
nearly eveiything he ever knew 
of Watt 's Hymns. Finally he hap- 
pens to think of one verse, and 
telling her he has a shocking bad 
memory, he at last delivers him- 
self of' the following, the Countess 
repeating him word by word in her 
imperfect English, making a most 
delicious comedy .scene : 

"My willing Soul would stay 

In such a frame as lliis 
And sit and sing herself away, 

To everlasting bliss." 

The Countess was standing close 
beside him in a tender mood waiting 
for him to proceed. How could he? 
He had been uttering words which 
sounded to her like love. The longer 
the silence lasted the more awkward 
the Senator felt. What on earth was 
he to do or say? What business had 
he to go and quote poetry to widows? 
What an old fool he must be! But 
the Countess was very far from feel- 
ing awkward. Looking up at the 
Senator, her face expressing the ten- 
derest solicitude, she said: "What ails 
my Senator?" 

"Why the fact is, marm — I feel sad 
—at leaving Florence. I must go 
shortly. My wife has written sum- 
moning me home. The children are 
down with measles." 

The whole book is a Comedy, 
sometimes bordering on broad far- 
ce, Init redeemed by passages of 
fine description and shrewd wit. 
No wonder it has held the reading 
public for so many years. 

It will be impossible for me with 
the limited time at my command to 
give a synopsis and descriptiou of 
all tlie literary work which now 
began to pour from De Mille's 
pen in marvellous facility and 
wonderful variety. In 1869 ap- 
peared a long Sitory called Cord 
and Creese, through the press of 
Harper and Bros., New York. This 
is a powerful work, after the type 
of Wilkie Collins' Woman in 
Whiff, whose Count Foseo is i)a- 
ralleled by an original scoundrel 
called John Potts. There are pas- 
sages in this novel, intensely sen- 
sational, that might have come 
from Wilkie Collins himself, but 
there are plenty of otlier passages 
that the English novelist could not 
have written, and which could only 
have been produced by a cultured 
scholar, particularly the passages 
dealing with music and the origin 
of hymnology. 

In 1871, two j^ears later, De Mil- 
Ic pulilished through D. Appleton 
& Co., New York, a story of milit- 
ary life ill Quebec, called The Ladu 

of the Ice. The same year also ap- 
peared from the press of Harper 
Bros, of New York, The Crypto- 
giam, one of the most ingenious 
and powerful novels ever written 
on its .subject. Harper Bros, also 
published in 1871, a long stx)ry 
called The American Baron. Tliis 
is worthy of careful description 
and analysis, but I must pass it by, 
merely mentioning its name. In 
187.3 lie published through D. Ap- 
pleton & Co., New York, An Open 
Question, anotlier long storj^, sen- 
sational in character and power- 
ful in execution. In 1874 appeared 
The Ldving Link through the press 
of Hai-per & Bros., and in 1875, 
through Wm. F. Gill & Co. of Bos- 
ton, a comic story. The Babes in 
the Wood. In 1878, appeared The 
Castle in Spain, illustrated by E. 
A. Abbey. This last work deals 
with the Carlist rising in Spain, 
and while it is serious enough to 
give one an idea of the mighty po- 
litical forces at work, some of the 
chief characters are burlesqued al- 
most to screaming farce, particu- 
larly the Irishman who poses for 
a time as Don Carlos. 

Between the date of the publica- 
tion of this liook and his death two 
years later he must have written 
the work which will give him a dis- 
tinguished po.sition in the literature 
of his time which the years are sure 
to confiim and render impregn- 
able. This is the story, or allegory, 
called The Strange Manuscript 
Found in a Copper Cylinder. The 
M.S. of this story was resurrected 
from the safe of Harpers of New 
York, eight years after De Mille's 
death, and there published by them 
without his name. A little later 
when a new edition was called for 
the name was supplied, and for 
years aftenvard all new editions 
(if this work were republished with 
the Author's name and his portrait. 
No explanations have ever been 
given of this strange procedure, 
no I- why the book was held back 
for eight years. De Mille had fin- 
ished the work with far more than 
liis usual care. It had a strange 
sociological bearing and in an age 
of commonplace the publishers 
may not have eared to take the 
responsil)ility of bringing out a 
controversial work of that ehar- 
iictcr with the Author dead and 
1 iial)le to offer any explanation in 
elucidation of his book. That the 
story .should have been misunder- 
stood and placed among the stories 
of adventure is not strange. We 
have the case of Swift's Gulliver's 
Tiiireh, perhaps the most fero- 

cious satire on humanity ever given 
to the world, but now en- 
tirely devoted to the juveniles, as 
a parallel instance. Even The 
Pilgiims Progress is commonly re- 
garded as strictly Sunday reading. 
Perhaps, then, it should not be con- 
.sidered an unusual condition that 
De Mille's .story was not at 
understood and placed in its jno- 
per place as a great allegory or sa- 
tire of our manners and customs. 
Nevertheless that is what the story 
is meant to be. 

It describes a people called the 
Kosekin, the inhabitants of the 
regi(!n about the South Pole, who 
live in conditions exactly opposite 
to our own, and who are entirely 
cut off from the rest of the world, 
no inter-communion being jjossible. 
He satirizes the race for wealth 
and fame and the eager desire for 
life in the Great world, by portray- 
ing a people whose greatest ends 
are poverty, darkness and dea'.h, 
and whose chief object of ambi- 
tion is the sacrificial biei'. In pas- 
sages of lurid splendor and wond- 
eiful eloquence the real conditions 
of the Kosekin are, revealed phrase . 
by phrase in all their nakedness 
an dhorror. 

The Kohen, or governor of tliese 
people, is asked to over some 
" of their customs for the benefit of 
the stranger who lias happned to 
enter their gates. This is the an.s- 

I thought that th^ Kohen, who was 
■so benevolent, so self-denying, so 
amiable, so sympathetic, might be 
accessible to pity. I determined to 
talk to him and lay our case before 
him. He listened with deep attention 
its 1 submitted it to him fully and 
frankly. I talked of my love for Al- 
mah and of Almah's love for me; oui 
hope that we might be united so as to 
live happily in reciprocal affection, 
and 1 was going on to speak of the 
dread that was in my heart when he 
iptcirupicd nie, 

"You speak of being united," said 
he. "You talk strangely. Of course 
you mean that you wish to be separ- 

"Separated!" I exclaimed. "What 
do you mean? Of course we wish to 
be united." 

The Kohen starei at me as T said 
this, with the look of one who was 
quite puzzled; and I Ihen went on to 
speak of the fate that was before us. 
and to entreat his sympathy and his 
aid that I might be saved. To all 
these words the Kohen listened with 
an air of amazement, as though I were 
s.iying incomprehensible things. 

"I do not understand you," he said 

"Do you not understand that death 
is abhorrent to humanity?" 

"Abhorrent!" said the Kohen; "that 
is impossible. It is the highest bles- 
sing. Who is there that does not long 
for death? Deatli is the greatest 
Iilessing, the chief desire of man — the 

.liinn.iry. 1!)L"_'. * 

highest aim. Your happiness has, 
turned your brain." 

"I don't Itnow— I don't know," I said. 
"You are a different race. But I be- 
long to a race that fears death. 1 fear 
death and love life; and I entreat 
you. I implore you I'o help me now in 
my distress, and assist me so that 1 
may save my life." 

"Such a request," said he, " is re- 
volting, you must he mad. Such a re- 
quest outrages all the instincts of hu- 
manity. And even if I could do such 
violence to my own nature as to help 
you to such a thing, how do you t'hink 
I could face my fellow-men, or how 
could I face the terrible punishment 
which would fall upon me?" 

"What," said I, "would you be pun- 

"I should be esteemed an unnatural 
monster and the chief of criminals. 
My lot in life is painful enough; but 
in this case my punishment would in- 
volve me in evils without end. Riches 
would he poured upon me; 1 should 
be removed farther away tnan evei 
from the pauper class— so far indeed, 
that all hope in life would be over. 1 
should be made the noblest and rich- 
est in all the land." He spoke these 
words just as if he had said, "the low- 
est, meanest, poorest and most in- 

"This is cruel," I said. "You are 
mocking me. The love of life must 
necessarily be the strongest passion of 
man. We are so made. A long life 
is everywhere considered as the high- 
est' blessing; and there is no one who 
is willing to die, no matter what his 
suffering may be. Riches also are de- 
sired by all, for poverty is the direst 
curse that can embitter life; and as to 
requited love, surely that is the 
sweetest, purest, and most divine 
joy that the human heart can know." 

Then the Kohen burst forth as fol- 
lows: "Oh, sacred cavern gloom! Oh. 
divine darkness! Oh, impenetiable 
abysses of night! What, oh, what is 
this! You call good evil, and evii 
good; our light is your darkness and 
our darkness your light. You aie nixa 
to-day! You are always strange, but 
now you have quite taken leave of 
your senses." 

"You cannot mean all this," I SEiid. 

The Kohen clasped his hands. "1 
cannot understand," he answered. "A 
mad man might imagine that he loved 
life and desired riches; but as to love, 
why even a madman could not think 
of requital, for the very nature of the 
passion of love is the most uiter self- 
surrender, and a shrinking from all 
requital; wherefore, the feeling thai 
leads one to desire requital cannot be 
love. For what is love? It ig the 
ardent outflow of the whole being — 
the yearning of one human heart to 
lavish all its treasures upon another. 
Love gives all things away, and can- 
not possibly receive anything in re- 
turn. A requital of love would mean 
selfishness, which would be self-con- 

"I w'as born," he went on. "in tht 
most enviable of positions. My father 
and mother were among the poorest 
in the land. Both died when I was a 
child and I never knew them. I grew 
up in the open field, and pulilic 
caverns, along witii the most esteem- 
ed paupers, but there was something 
wanting in my natural disposition. 1 
loved death, of course, and poverty tot. 
very strongly; but I did not have 
that eager and energetic passion 


which la so desirable, nor was 1 
watchful enough over my blessed 
state of poverty. Surrounded as 1 
was by those who were only too ready 
to take advantage of my Ignorance, or 
want of vigilance, I soon fell into evii 
ways, and gradually in spite of myself 
I found wealth pouring in upon me. 
Designing men succeeded in winning 
my consent to receive their posses- 
sions; and so 1 gradually fell away 
from that lofty position in which 1 
was born. I grew richer and richer. 
My friends warned me in vain. I was 
too weak to resist; in fact. I lacked 
moral fibre, and had never learned 
how to say. 'No.' So I went on. de- 
scending lower and lower in the scale 
of being. T liecame a capitalist, an 
Athon, a general officer, and finally 

I liave given tliis ratlior long 
quotation not because I usuall.v 
favor long quotations, for 1 do not ; 
but because no one (H)u1(1 jiossibly 
under.staiul tlie Ixiok in an.v other 
way. It is a biting, blistering sat- 
ire on the restlessness of humanity, 
its impulses, feelings, hopes and 
fears — all that men do and feel 
and suffer. It mocks us by ex- 
hibiting a new race of men di- 
rectly the (ijiposite of ours, and yet 
no nearer hapi) than \v<^ are. 
It shows us a world where our evil 
is made good, and our good an 
evil; there all that we consider a 
blessing is had in abundance — 
])rokinged and perpetual sunlight, 
riches, power, fame — and yet 
these things are despised, and the 
jH'ople turning away from them, 
imagine that they can find hap- 
piness in poverty, darkness, death 
and unrequited love. The writer 
thus mocks at our dearest pas'sions 
and strongest desires: and his gen- 
eral aim is to show that the mere 
search for happiness se is a 
vulgar thing, and must always re- 
sult in utter failure. He also 
teaches the great lesson that the 
happiness of man consists not in 
external surroundings, but in in- 
ternal feelings, and that heaven it- 
self is not a place, but a state. The 
book is a great book, perhaps the 
gi'eatest ever produced by a Can- 
adian writer. At all events it is 
gi-eat enough to reward the earnest 
reader, and it never shoidd be 
allowed by Canadians to lie unread 
and unregarded to gather dust on 
the highest book shelves of their 

In 1869 De Mille published 
through Lee and Shepard of Bos- 
ton, the first of (luite another class 
of book. The B. O. W. C. (Brethem 
of the White Cross), a story of 
school life in Nova Scotia, This is 
ostenijibly a book written for boys, 
yet it is unlike boys' books in gen- 
eral. It shows no effort to write 
down to a boy's intellect. It relies 


iijiou action and incident for in- 
terest, and (!vcry page or so it gives 
glimjj.scs of Nova Scotian scenery, 
admirable, accurate and beautiful! 
Take the foMowing as tyjiical : 

The schooner went on drifting, and 
drew near fo Blomidon again. The 
giant cliff frowned darkly overhead 
its sides all scarred and riven by the 
tempests of centuries. Its base worn 
by the fierce tides that never cease to 
sweep to and fro. Standing .as It 
does, it forms one of the sublimest 
objects in nature. Other cliffs are far 
higher, and every way more stupen- 
dous; but Blomidon is so peculiar by 
Its shape, its position, and its sur- 
roundings, that It stands monarch of 
the scene, and rises always with a cer- 
tain regal majesty, seldom appearing 
without its diadem of clouds. All 
around are low lands, wide meadows, 
and quiet villages, and the far-spread- 
ing sea, into which this rugged height 
is boldly projected, terminating an 
abrupt rocky wall. From the shores, 
for many and many a mile around, 
wherever the eye may wander over 
the scenery, it rests upon this as the 
centre ofthe view. 

That, I venture to say, is the 
word picture of a true artist, and 
such work is rarely found in a book 
for boys. 

The B. 0. W. C. pi-oving success- 
ful it was followed a \ear later by 
"The Boys of Grand Pre School," 
a book of the same general char- 
acter, with many loving descriptive 
scenes of the locality of the school. 
Then came "Fire in the Woods" 
a dramatic and lurid word paint- 
ing — ^the only one in existence I be- 
lieve — of the frightful Miramiehi 
Forest fire, where hundreds of 
square miles of beautiful forest 
were devastated. Thence forward, 
year after year, came The Treasure 
of the Seas, Among the Biigunds, 
The Lily and the Cross, The Wing- 
ed Lion, Story of Venice, The 
Young Dodge Cluh Abroad, and 
several others. 

All of these books are written 
with great spirit, humour, and at- 
tractiveness, many of them, doubt- 
less, founded upon incidents witli- 
in his own experience as a school 
boy at Horton Academy. They tell 
of treasure digging for Captain 
Kidd's millions, fights with the 
Gaspareauxians, camping in the 
woods, fishing excursions in the 
of this coast, sailing expeditions 
about Minas Basin and the Bay of 
Fundy, mineral Hunting on the 
great cliff, Blomidon. And all of 
these exciting stories are lighted 
up, every page or so, with eloquent 
descriptive passages hard to find 
equalled any where. They form a'- 
tractive reading even for adults, 
as good boys books usually do. 

De Mille 's energy and capacity 
for work. Prof. AlacMechan iii- 
forms us, were remarkable. He was 



•January, 1922. 

constantly studying and branching 
out into new fields for his activi- 
ties. He had a minute knowledge 
of the classics, extending his re- 
rearches into Modern G. eek. He 
and tiie Pi-ofe.ssor rf Mathematics 
would s(uuetimes converse in Latin 
for hours at a time on a fishing 
trip. Among his books presented to 
Dalhousie College, we are told, are 
hymnclogies of the early church, a 
Foulis Euripedes in nine volumes; 
books in modem Greek, Pei.'iian, 
Sanskrit, Gaelic, Spanish, Icelan- 
dic, not to mention French, Ger- 
man and Italian clas.sics, witli )iis 
pencilled marginalia, — which in- 
dicates the remarkable range and 
variety of his intellectual activit\'. 
He kept abreast of modern litera- 
ture and even found time to sjje- 
eialize in Churcli History. lie was 
an important member of the old 
University of Halifax, of the Hist- 
orical Society and of the Church of 
England Institute. We are told 
that liis College work was always 
performed with zeal, ability and 
kindliness. His old students treasu- 
re his memory as a man and a 
teacher and a kindly anil sympa- 
thetic friend. 

The nature of De Mil- 
le was known onh- to the nearest 
and dearest, his family and his 
close.sit friends. But as his letters 
have never been collected and pub- 
lished, and as we have no biogra- 
phy of liim, there is little but con- 
jecture, outside of his pul)lished 
works, as to his personality. This 
is greatly to be regretted. 

Tliere are two other works of 
De Mille's that must receive some 
attention before I conclude. The 
first is an elaborate 'eatise on 
Rhetoric, published by Harper's in 
1878, and it is regarded as one of 
the clearest and best of its class. 
It occupied in writing part of the 
working hours of seven years, and 
shows plainly enough how seriously 
he regartled his professional 
labours. I am sorry to say that it 
is now ovt of print. 

The other work which I desire 
to mention, is a posthumous poem, 
called Bfhiiid the Veil. This was 
discovered after the author's 
death, and was published in Ha- 
lifax in 1893, tliirteen years later 
under the editorship of Prof. Mac- 
Median. As I have never .seen the 
poem I draw the following account 
of it from the editor's article 
in the Canadian Magazine. The 
poem, he says, displays De Mille's 
reverential nature and his unfal- 
tering grasp of man's higliest 
ideals. It is a long descriptive 
vision of the world "Behind the 
VeU, '" and in form it is analgous 
to Edgar Allan Poe's Raven. The 
seer, wasted by grief for the wo- 
man loved and lost is granted the 
privilege of leaving the l)ody and 
travel sing the realms of the su- 
per-world with an attendant spirit. 
He passes witji the speed of 
thought from planet to planet. 
Looking back upon Earth he re- 
views its myriad scenes: 

Cooling rill and spaikling fountain, 

Purple peak and headland bold. 
I'recipice and snow-clad mount'ain; 
Lotty Kummits rising grandly into 

regions clear and cold, 
And innumerable rivers that majes- 
tically rolled. 
Endless wastes of wildernesses 

Where no creatures might abide. 
Which deep solitude posssesses; 

And the giant palm-tree waving. 

.ind the ocean rolling wide, 
Oemmed with many a foam-set is- 
land glancing from the golden 

At last, after long journeying 
over the far-flung wastes of the 
world he finds the Lost One, but 
she, wrapt in heavenly contempla- 
tion takes no note of him. She is 
beyond his reach and he has no 
means of making liimsclf known to 
lier. Disillusioned and overwhelm- 
ed with giief he longs to return to 
eartb. His spiritual guide he re- 
gards as Deity, for his great power 
and glory, but the spirit informs 
him that he too is a created being. 
Then he reveals to the Seei- the 

fame of the earth throughout the 
wide universe. He has left glory 
to visit the wo; Id of Man. 

For the All-Loving, once descending. 
On its hallowed surface trod. 
And the Souls in hosts unending 
Gazed upon that scene in wonder, 

while He made it His abode, 
And its name forever blended witli 

the awful name of God. 

Then the Seer is released and 
returns to earth. He discovers that 
liis vast and awful journey has 
taken him but one moment, for 
there is no time in the spirit world. 

This remarkable poem of De 
Milles .should be reprinted so that 
we could place it in our libraries 
and have it available for study. The 
small edition which was made in 
Halifax has been quite exhausted 
long ago. It is not known either 
in New York or London. Is it 
strange, therefore, that De Mille's 
reputation is still to be made? It is 
our business, I think, to brush the 
dust off De Mille's books, to place 
them in our libraries, to see to it 
that they receive fair-play in the 
great world of literature. If that 
work be well performed then our 
deljt to De Mille may be cancelled, 
and by honouring his memory we 
shall realize that we have honour- 
ed ourselves. There is little doubt 
tliat no writer of Canadian na- 
tionality a greater claim 
upon the gratitude of his country- 
men than De Mille, and no writer 
of the first rank has been so com- 
pletely ignored in English Speak- 
ing Canada. I am informed that 
he is still remembered by a few in 
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick; 
it would be strange indeed if that 
were not so ; but it seems to me 
there is no excuse at all for our 
attitude as a jieople towards the 
memory of so gredt a man. May I 
hope that this modest lecture may 
in.spire .some renewed interest in a 
very worthy subject, and go at a little way towards obtain- 
ing readers for the writings he lias 
bequeathed to us? 

The Lake 

WHERE cedars taper, tliere 's a lake beyond; 
Once visioned from the hills, it speaks to me : 
Soft-hazed with heat's grey-slumb 'rous canopy, 
Or bright with glitt'ring dust of diamond. 
Or calmed when waning day wafts glances fond, 
Or freighted with the moon's i)ale poesy. 
Or blown till plunging wavelets splatter glee. 
Or sunk in starless night like fabled pond. 

Whate'er thy mood, O dream-kissed mountain-lake, 
It lingers still, my inmost self replies; 
But Where's the song that plumbs the depth of 
The lyre has lost its strings, the words forsake. 
What Art's so high; but Nature far outvies? 
In silent wonderment God's voiee is caught. 


January, 1!)'J2. 



My Invisible Library 


Ifliii writing' ill a prospector's 
sluu'lv ill the liif,'li Sclkirks. 
snowt'd up. Tlierc are beans and 
baeoii. flour and fuel, hlankels 
and tohaeeo, hut there is no read- 
iuf; matter in the plaee exeept a 
haek number of the Popular Mafj;- 
azine and one half of an Atlantie 
Monthly. I have read both of 
these, and was s'"3teful for the 
synoi)sis (in the former) of the R. 
M. Bower story, and grateful also 
to Mr. Beebee for his eye (made 
evident in an article in the latter) 
for the colour of the Caribbean. 
TIavincr no more to read I have em- 
ployed many hours by imanininjr 
l>ooks round the walls. 

A ghostly libraiy! Some of the 
remembered bocks are but as an 
atmospihere to me. Even single 
paragrajihs of volumes I absolutely 
hanker after, most ardentl\' desire, 
I cannot recall textuall.y. I sit in 
the midst of the white silence that 
is broken onlj-, through the day, 
by the scream of a blue jay and, 
at night, by a coyote's plaint. A 
mostpiito or two comes in now and 
then, over the snow. These mos- 
(juitoes do not seem to be of a 
stinging order. Once a moth flut- 
tered pa-st, and apparently it was 
not chilled, ilr. Beebee could tell 
me what kind it was. I felt a sense 
of satisfaction in seeing both mos- 
quito and moth, for they were 
"local colour" I could not have 

But as for my invisible libi-ar\- 
—its books and prints. Regarding 
the prints '. I would like to have en 
my walls very much what were on 
tlie walls of' my cottage in Eng- 
land, about six thousand miles 
away. I still would like to have a 
Whistler etching, a Zorn, a Mc- 
Bev, a Nicholson print ; and to 
these I might add a picture by Mr. 
Russel, the "cow-boy artist. "' 
What I have less interest in than 
ever is freak art. In a land where, 
in summer, a man may encounter 
a grizzly bear among the rocks or 
deadfalls of a divide, and in win- 
ter is alert for anything to add to 
his kitchen, a rifle like a cork- 
screw (not to be known as a rifle 
even after a reference to the cat- 
alogue) would mean death. There 
are art fo'-ms that can only be dab- 
bled in by those for whom civilisa- 
tion has passed into sophistication 
with chaos imminent ahead. Here 

I cdiiUI he catholic enough tn ad- 
mire iiietiiods s(i different as tliose 
of \'elasquez and Dagnan-Mouve- 
ret. .if .Mnnel and Fortuny, nf Kae- 
burn ami Augustus John. A paint- 
ing of a corkscrew en'itled : "Still- 
life study of a rifle", is all I ilraw 
tlhe line at. 

As for tile l)i)(iks, what a hete- 
rogeneou.s collecti<m they are! Per- 
iiaps more than sheer literatu;e 
has influenced me in tlie creation 
of this invisible library, i'erhaps 
because 1 am of Scottish stock, as 
well as because I love wortis, 1 
have thought often of Alexander 
Smith's A iSuminer in ISkije. 1 
will be a terrible shock to .some 
I, indeed, 1 feel the shock myself;) 
tihat 1 thought of that book first. 
I know 1 should have longed for 
Homer, or Dante. James Ashcroft 
Noble, by the way, in his mono- 
graph on Alexaiuler Smith, fouiul 
liim condemned out of his own 
mouth by reason of his admission 
that to him Milton was for s ate 
occasions, and that he preferred, 
for every-day, nearer, and more 
human iutercouree, certain "min- 
ors". Still, let's teU the truth 
and shame the Devil ! I remember 
Smith's book as a thing of cohnir 
and atmospheie. No single 
do J clearly recall except "Sum- 
mer kaps upon Edinburgh like a 
tiger." Happiness, warmth, rest 
out of the hurly-burly, the grim 
grandeur of the Ccolins, blue co- 
lumns of peat-smoke like pillars 
in the Hebridean sunset: thus the 
book lives in my memory, and I 
would like to take it down and 
turn the pages. After A Summer 
in Skye what I wanted most, look- 
ing round the bare walls, was H. 
H. Tomlinson's The Sea and the 
Jungle. Tomlinscn is no publi- 
cist. He has never been lost on a 
mountain, having, for one thing, 
too great a sense for locality. He 
has much else besides. I think The 
Sea and the Jungle one of the finest 
contributions of English literature 
of our time. And I do not think 
my critical faculty is wrong, al- 
though this particular book has not 
sold one hundred and fifty thou- 
sand. What is it .sells a book? For 
the author to be lost on a mountain 
is good, but not enough. John Da- 
vid.son was lost but no one seem- 
ed to care. "O, he'll come back.'' 
thev said — and he was dead. 

Still, 1 like to i-ememiter, in this 
connection, the lines of a son- 
net l)y Eugene Lee naniiiton : 

Rut if it i.s of gold it will not ruKt; 
And when the time i.s ripe it will ho 

Into the sun and glitfer through its 


I actually saw Tomliii.sou's name 
mentioned the other day in a Lon- 
don Literary Letter, a mere hand- 
ful of years liehind the times. But 
the notice was slightly spoiled by 
the remark, regarding another 
book, just iniblished, that probably 
nothing as gwd would appear foi- 
the next few years. That phrase 
is so delightful a form of the su- 
perlative — superlative plus fu- 
turist — - that I cherish it. I read 
the book in question .so as to keep 
ahead of the times, which I thought 
would be, incidentally, a new and 
great cxjjerienee ; but i*^ seemed to 
me still-born. Anyhow, there is 
The Sea and the Jungle, nebulous 
on ray ghostly shelves, and beside 
it a set of Ilackluyt's Yoi/ages. I to be intimidated by the 
fact that centuries divide Tom- 
linson and Hackluyt. There they 
are, these two, cheek by jowl on 
my non-existent shelf. 

For verse there is a whole set 
of W. E. Henley, in the old lov- 
able volumes, the original editions 
of ribbed green cloth, of a size to 
slip into the pocket, while yet Mac- 
millans have only announced that 
the collected edition will some day 
appear.* Simon Pu:e, of the other 
'"Boolcman" (that very attractive 
blue-covered journal from New- 
York), in the la-st is.sue to arrive 
in ' 'town ' ' before I rolled my blan- 
kets, packed the pack-sack, and hit 
the mountain road, said — and I 
recall the words, fo:- I read keen- 
ly, thrice, pondering them — : "A 
great deal still remains to be done 
in the matter of collecting the 
W'Orks — at present scattered — 
of various writters of secondary 
importance and literary 
interest." Is there not something 
wrong there? I think such a pro- 
nouncement would baffle Job" 
Keats, who wrote : ' ' Beauty is 
truth; truth beauty:" There must 
be a kink in me if Simon Pure is 
right ; for I cannot understand how 
a book of fii-st-rate literary in- 

• Issued since Mr 
article. — Ed. 

Xiven wrote his 



Januaiy, l')22. 

\erest can be of secondary im- 
^Jortanee. I trj^ other renderings; 
I trj- to think of a book of second- 
rate literary interest and primary 
importance, and can only recall 
(in these days of the world-wide 
house problem and shortage of 
homes) The House-Hunter's Gui- 
de. I dismiss the subject, let the 
argument — or quibble, if it be 
but quibble — go, with passing 
thanks to Simon Pure for at any 
rate letting us know of the goo<l 
gift in prepai'ation, and take down 
my visionary Henley to read : 

Like an old boot, by the sea spurned 
and the land abhorred; 


Yon rake-hell cat how furtive and a- 

Now watch it tip and fade, 
Through shadowj' railings into a pit 

of shade; 
St. Martin's bells choiring their 

Old world canticles. 

I remember the Hospiiul Hh ti- 
mes and the tip-tip-tapping of the 
leaking cistern. I want to chant 
to myself, in tlie big silence when 
the logs crackle in the stove : "Were 
I a samurai renowned ..." I i eally 
do not care wliether Henley be 
"major" or "minor"; I think he 
will live. For many a year his 
verses went begging, and now he 
is to have a collected edition. One 
is constantly noting this topsy- 
turvey in tlie world of books. Aus- 
tin Dobsou is another singer I re- 
call. A man has either (usually) 
to be very young, and member of a 
coterie, and the, most 
dominating figure in that coterie, 
to be called a great poet, or else he 
has to 1)6 dead a long while. Mem- 
ory can at least serve me with lines 
from that ballade with tlio refrain 
from tlie Spanish of: "There is no 
bird in any last year's nest." I 
recall the "curly pate" who. 

With rushen lance in rest, 
Stormed at the lilies by the orchard 

I remember in full that exqtii- 
site rondeau beginning : 
In after days, when grasses high 
and that sonnet upon Don Quixote, 
"behind his paste-board on his 
battered hack", with the culminat- 
ing wish tliat still men "might 
charge in earnest, were it but a 
mill". Up here m the Selkirks, I 
think how lucky I was that once, 
in the lesser reading room of the 
British Museum, where they give 
one the portfolios and prints, and 
the like, to look at, not trusting 
them in the reading chamber under 
the big dome, I saw Mr. Dobsou. 
lost to the world, over a great 

sheaf of engravings. Could I have 
"snapped" him in these august 
precincts, that would have been a 
portrait to pass on for future ages 
when he, being gone a long time, 
will live ^vith Herrick. I wanted 
a volume of Marvel, for the ' ' oran- 
ge lamps in a green night", and 
of Marlowe for "All things that 
move between the quiet poles", 
and "Infinite riches in a little 
room.' Some have murmured of 
Marlowe: "Sounding brass and a 
tinkling cymbal", but I am try- 
ing to ba honest, writing this art- 
icle. If we listened to everj'body, 
and were timid, we would never 
whisper at all what books we read 
and cherish. A collection of Scot- 
tish ballades had to be on my dream 
shelves, so that I might read over 
again that one of Helen of Kiik- 
conmel — that Robert Burns thought 
was balderdash. 

Sometimes I think the main 
matter is not what books we love 
but how sincerely we love them. I 
am tiying here, why I know not, 
just for the fun of it, I think, 
.snowed up, and with nothing to 
read — and perhaps it will interest 
someone, for I don't suppose my 
ta.stes are lone and .solitary — to 
put down the books that came 
first into my head in this bookless 
shack. I omit the names of volu- 
mes I know I .should have wished 
for in the first in.stanee. Mr. Doo- 
ley once told Hennessey he kept 
only the Bible and Shakespeare, 
and when a-sked why, explained 
that he had them as "wipons of 
defince." Hennessey pressed the 
point. "Do you rade them?" he 
enquired; but Mr. Dooley evaded 
the reply. 

Of novels I find it is rather for 
my contemporaries than for the 
old masters I long. I do not, 
frankly, want Eichardson' Pa- 
mela. And even though H. G. 
Wells says Defoe's Moll Flanders 
is the greatest English novel, I do 
not hanker for it. Burlesque is not 
my desire, and Moll Flanders al- 
waj's strikes me as primarily 
whoopingly funny with its inces- 
sant change of beds and husbands. 
It seems in the same world as Char- 
lie Chaplin bumping in and out of 
a door and upsetting a different 
person at each bump. I know there 
is a tradition of beds in one of the 
lines of the English novel. We 
have writers . living to-day who 
cling to it and there are their ad- 
mirers who, misunderstanding the 
credo that "Art has nothing to do 
with Morality" believe that "Art 
must have to do with Immorality. ' ' 

The little more and how much it 
is! First of all in a novel I 
must see the characters. If 
they are of sawdust I really can- 
not be interested in whether they 
are, or are not (in the "Great Mod- 
ern Novel that all Thinking Men 
should read") eventually ruined; 
in whether (in the "Plot and 
Action .stuff") the Sheriff decides 
to do his duty or to let the pri- 
soner go free and make up a story 
about how he comes back without 
him that would gull no one. Though 
I did not, when first longing for 
books, want a Shakespeare, I did 
think of him later and chiefly, I 
believe, because of the great reality 
of many of his (or of their, perhaps 
I .should say, lest "Shakespeare" 
was two or three men) characters. 
Falstaff seems as real to me as Mr. 
G. K. Chesterton. I do wish — I 
wi.shed it from the first — • that I 
had a copy of Mr. Forster's The 
Celestial Omnibus in my little 
shack library. I would rather 
have that than any novel by any 
of tlie students of the neitrotic and 
sexually disordered. Such stories 
seem to me as false to the facts of 
Europe as stories of the west, that 
show the Indians only scalping, 
and the wliite men drawing tlieir 
guns in ever\' chapter, are false to 
America. I sit and di]) into an in- 
visible Typhoon, Youth, Lord Jim; 
and wonder why Chance and Vict- 
or if "rang the bell" for Conrad. 
Rebecca West's Return of the 
Soldier is another of the books I 
visualise as upright on the imagin- 
ed .shelf in tlie cabin, where arc 
only bacon and beans, flour and 
fuel, blankets and tobacco, and tlie 
two year-old magazines. As a 
whole it is well-nigh flawless — 
and it is written. The prose of it, 
the vehicle for the tale, is a cease- 
less joy. Bennett's Old Wives' 
Tale I read again, gazing at the 
log wall, lead all about Mr. Povey's 
tooth and the building of the par- 
tition between the house and the 
shop, all the great little chronicle 
of lives and life. I turn the ghost- 
ly pages of Walpole's Wooden 
Horse, and forget the shack, and 
find myself in a water-front pub 
of Cornwall with the firelight 
blinking on the old stained settles, 
and the tables polished by the 
overflowing ale of many a mellow 
English year. I think of his Green 
Mirror too, of course. I recall 
Sheila Kaye-Smith's Sussex Gorse, 
A Challenge to Sirius, and Little 
England. The atmosphere of her 
England is in the place, I see the 
dim blue goodne-ss of the weald ' ', 
for she notes Sussex somewhat as 

.Jfiiiuarv, 1922. 



Kippliiii.' did when he wrote the 
wow iiiiiiioifal poem in which that 
line occurs. I smell the liyres ; hear 
the clump of cloijs in stables; the 
whisk of a hroom as some one 
s\veei)s; the clii)-elap of hoofs on 
a distant mad ; a biii-st of thick 
s(^iitr from the villapre inn beyond; 
and in the dusk at the jjate see 
the silhouette of a man and woman 
lost in the old tra^i-comcdy, with 
a star or two overhead high above 
the ground-mists. Yes, I could "do 
with"' (as they .say) a book or two 
by Sheila Kaye-Smith when the 
dark creeps up here and I think 
of b(K)ks and remember Enarland. 
Not that I wish to go back there 
f<ir a long time. The balsam scent 
and the fro.sted stars have their 
lure, as well as blue-smudged Sus- 
sex. I have oidy one question to 
ask Miss Kaye-ymith, and that is 
whether, during the (^ivil War, the 
railway trains were like the Eng- 
lish ones, a series of little cubby- 
holes with doors at the side. When, 
in A Challcntjc to Sirius, one of her 
chai-acters makes his leap for 
freedom, the train goes on with the 
door open and flapping. It is 
well visualised, but is the fact cor- 
rect .' I don "t know. It may be 
a slip ; she may really have been 
thinking of an English train. It 
may be thoroughness; perhaps the 
coaches of that time in America 
were on the painful Old-Country 
l)lan. It is a minor point, of cour- 
se, but I wondered, recalling, lying 
in my bunk smoking, the move- 
ment.s of that fine novel ^l Chal- 
lenge to Sirius. I remember Henry 

•lames' American, with the hell 
ilnipping its jteace into a troubled 
heart; Jlcrgeshciirici-'s Tin Tina 
lilac!,- I'tnnics; Edith Wharton's 
Ethan Frome; Norris's The Octo- 
pus, for Annixter, Ililma, the 
broken engineer and his "little 
tad", and all the rest ; Wilkie Col- 
lins' The Moonslone; Swiniici-ton's 
Noctiirnr; Ibanez's The Four Hor- 
semen of the Apocali/psc for its 
first third, the creation of .Mada- 
riaga and his patient spouse; Ste- 
venson's Master of Balluntrae and 
Weir of Jlermiston — striking a 
note of high achievement, with 
every character alive and moving, 
from that line, "In the bleak 
end of a moorland parish. . ."to 
the last half-finished sentence 
where Death intervened. None of 
those of to-day — from Wells to 
Swinnerton — who have disparag- 
ed Steven.son (excellent though 
some of their own work be) have 
come near to the artistic aiul hu- 
man heights achieved in Weir of 
II ri misfon. 

In the world of e.ssay I want a 
Ilazlitt, to read again On Going a 
Journeij and The Indian Jugglers; 
Lang's Letters to Dead Authors; 
and Pater's Renaissajice, to read 
of the passing of da Vinci, his "last 
curiosity ". and to catch again the 
spirit (I feel in touch with it here 
in the still white night) of 
sentences in which he tells of how 
' ' not to be aware of ... " — the 
exact words that follow escajie me, 
but I know they refer to the won- 
derful moments of life, this so gt^od 

life Ihat the Almighl.\', .Manitou, 
has given us. and that the little 
politicians, the little religious folk, 
and the little irreligious folk try 
to spoil — " . . .is, on this short day 
of and sun, to sleep before 
evening." I want a John Donne 
and a .leremy Taylor, with the 
beauty of words for the beauty of 
life. There are six feet of snow 
outside; the nights are long; I 
luive read the l'o|)ular Magazine 
and the Atlantic Monthly and en- 
.jnyc'd both. I have attainerl ca- 
tholicity if not critical faculty. In 
tlie absence of books came the itch 
to write, and I had a writing pad. 
What to write about, I asked my- 

' ■ Write about the books you 
wish you had here to dip into," I 

1 starteil. Perhajis 1 "idanched " 
as do people in the melodramas. 

" 1 'shall be found out I" I ex- 
claimed. "I didn't want (at least 
in the immediate flush of desire 
for the eomjuiuionship of a book) 
Homer, V^irgil, Dante, and I'll 
have to tell them I did!' 

Then I took myself to task for 
being such a humbug, and forced 
myself to ,sit down and write the 
truth. And somehow, now that the 
difficult task is over, tiie notion 
sticks in my mind that, though in 
some quarters my truth may ut- 
terly damn me, there are man.v 
honest men and women who ma.v 
read it with an interest not su- 
perior and destructive. 

Quite Like Life in B. C. 

THE whole British Columbia 
novelist group are exhibit- 
ing evident signs of progress 
in the practice of their trade. The 
latest volume by Robert Allison 
Hood. The Quest of Alistair, has 
scarcely any reminders of the salad 
days of The Chivalry of Keith Lei- 
cester except the deplorably ro- 
mantic name of the hero, which 
sounds so inevitably like chocolate 
sundae and will appeal irresist- 
ibly to just the same class of con- 

We .suspect 'Sir. Hood of picking 
the name early in his work, with a 
very- different type of novel in 
view, one in which the hero, a 

"laird," would move pretty con- 
stantly in an atmosphere vibrant 
with the blasts (present or remem- 
bered, it matters little) of the 
hundred and twenty ancestral pi- 
pers of his clan and glittering with 
the flash of their claymores and 
the flutter of their tartan. But in 
fact the hei-o is nothing more 
glamorous than a very decent, 
practical and reasonably coura- 
geous young man, the son of a well- 
to-do farmer of the Edinburgh dis- 
trict, who comes out to a British 
Columbia valley to collect the 
mortgage money due to his father. 
He has a number of adventures, 
enough to hold the reader's in- 

terest, and he behaves very well 
well indeed and keeps our sym- 
pathy throughout, except for the 
one vice which he shares with his 
predecessor Keith Leicester, of 
falling into Waverley-novels lan- 
guage when he begins to be suc- 
cesful in love. A gently en- 
tertaining book which will tell 
the reader not a little real 
truth about life in the B. C. cattle 
country. But we could have done 
with a lot more about Mrs. Ap- 
pleby, the stag^ driver's mother, 
and her family of hopeful sons ; we 
suspect that Mr. Hood reaUy 
knows them. (McClelland & Ste- 
wart, Toronto, $2.00). 



Januarv, 1922. 

The Poems of Charlotte Mew 


THERE are certain moods in 
which 'the reading of much 
current English poetry 
leaves the impression that its writ- 
ei's are persistent^ making verses 
around Dunsany's Glittering Gate 
after it has been opened and shut 
again. All sense of quest has gone 
from them. At times they wrap 
them.selves in old imaginings for 
comfort's sake, oftener they build, 
out of fancy and art, a world of 
haunting beauty, consciously and 
admittedly uni-eal, a screen, or 
turn back with passion to the 
minute appeal of earth. A few, 
the vi.sion of that blank space ever 
before them, see every human ex- 
perience and cruelty separated and 
isolated against the void; while 
fewer still, not assenting tliat the 
Denial behind the Gate lias reveal- 
ed all, yet convinced that the se- 
cret is not for their discovery, ac- 
cept their confines and throw 
their powers into the under- 
standing and revelation of man's 
mysterious spirit and his physical 
world. Clouds are no longer the 
chariots of an unseen Lord. 

Against this almost deliberate 
turning of the back on the riddle 
of the universe, Charlotte Mew's 
lioems stand out in peculiar con- There are twenty-eight of 
them, published by the Poetry 
Book Shop in London under the 
title The Farmer's Bride, (5s.) 
and by Macmillau, New York as 
Saturday Market, ($2.50) only one 
long, and the greater number 
sho:t dramatic monologues por- 
traying individual tragedies pick- 
ed up in an English market square 
or under the light.s of Montraartre. 
Her work is never personal, yet 
always specific ; her characters do 
not generalize but are given indi- 
vidual speech shaped bj- individual 
emotion. Her siibjeets are objec- 
tive, yet there is a self revealinsr 
strain of quest throughout this 
book which takes lier ajiart from 
her confreres. Though slie uses 
everj' modern rh%i:hmical and in- 
tellectual freedom, her demand t) 
get behind the strangeness of the 
world places her in succession to 
certain poe^s of the nineteenth 
century. Her very i)rotest and bit- 
terness rises from belief. 

Not that this Englishwoman 
brings from out the thought of an- 
other generation anv shelter or so- 

lutii n for her tragedies. The very 
words of her dedication are given 
in no assurance of easy mercy. 
"He asked life of thee and thou 
gavest him a long life; even for- 
ever and ever.' But behind the 
bafflement of human experience 
there exists for her life, even 
though it be witheld or hostile, and 
in tlie poem "On the Road to the 
Sea" the plea of the lover is for 
more than love can give. It may 
be her own confession, a tearing at 
the veil. 

But first I want your lite: — before 1 
die I want to see 

The world that lies behind the strange- 
ness of your eyes. 

There is nothing gay or green for my 
gathering, it may be, 

Yet on brown fields there lies 

A haunting purple bloom: is there not 
something in grey skies 

And in grey seas? 

1 want what world there is behind youi 

I want your life and you will not give 
it me. 

Ethereal dreamings will not 
content he. ; always it is "the spirit 
afterwards, but first the touch." 
Love burns in these poems through 
the flesh and is relieved by no 
balm of romance. It brings pain 
and entanglement even in tlie fra- 
grance of hair, never fulfilment, 
and yet at its intensest moments it 
is a porthole through which blow 
in the hidden winds of immortal 

We slept with it. but face to face, 
the whole night through 

One breath, one throbbing quiet- 
ness, as if the thing behind our lips 
was endless life." 

Here the force of the unseen 
beats more closel.y behind human 
passion than behind the world of 
natural beauty. Not one poem in 
this volume is of nature only. 
Though a keen perception and sen- 
sitiveness make Charlotte Mew 
aware of land and sk.v's successive 
changes, and she send a soul "sing- 
ing among the trees," there is 
never a consciousness that they 
will interpret for man the hidden 
mysteries. Rather in what she 
sees in nature is his own soul re- 
vealed, and her clear, penetrating 
.sketches of earth 's phases are those 
she finds reflected in the eyes of 
her characters. 

To Madeleine, the warm, rebel- 
lidus things 

red carnations burning in the sun... 
The dreams upon the eyes of white 
.geraniums in the dusk 

The close, thick voice of musk... 

To Ken, the desolate, half witted 
boy the seasons change — 

Not long ago 
The last thrush stiffened in the snow. 
While black against a sullen sky 
The sighing pines stood by. 
But now the wind has left' our rattled • 

To flutter the hedge sparrow's wing. 
The birches in the wood are red agair- 

And only yesterday 
The larks went up a little way to sing 

What lovers say 
Who loiter in the lanes to-day; 

"The lonely pa.ssion of the rain" 
beats against the lonely imagination 
cf the boy who his innocence 
in the intoxication of the circus, 
and in "The Quiet House", where 
a life is burned through by a mem- 
ory, the girl can see nothing but 
crini-son th:ough the grey of her 
life, for her "soul is red like the 
soul of a sword or a scarlet flower." 

Several of these poems have 
French settings, not the France or 
Paris of the French but the foreign 
quay, Montmartre "of the hot 
white hands,' the window from 
whe:e so many have watched "the 
liglit that so gently dies from a 
Paris window in the Paris skies." 
The appeal of the scenes is swift 
and emotional, sharpened by intel- 
lectual restraint. The glamorous 
excitement of the circus suffuses 
"The Fete"' like light, almost 
blindingly, yet every detail .stands 
out, clear cut. iluch of the verse 
is punctured with French phrases, 
not always to its betterment, for 
although they heighten the local 
tang they make it slightly artificial, 
perhaps purposely so since her 
France is seen from the outside. 
That surface impressionism 
disappears in the English poems, 
and while "In Xunhead Cemetery" 
begins with words stuck on the page 
like hard bits of paint it changes 
into instinctive native melody. The 
current of country.side life runs 
very closely under these pictures 
of field and town ; the music of the 
village dance filters through the 
most sinister of market tragedies. 

In his book on Some Contempor- 
arii Poets Harold Monro singles out 
Charlotte Mew for unstinted tri- 
bute. The vivid shortness and ori- 
ginality of her poem.s, their res- 

-la II nary, l'J2-2. 

fraiiif anil artistic perception, 
wakes in liim a |)rais(; he is un- 
willintr to (lualify. She is not 
widely iviiown or represeuteil in 
many current anthologies. A. .M. 
lias chosen "The Farmer's Bride 
aud "Tlie ("hanfreliiifx" for his 
Modrni Vnsr. hotli new treat- 
ments of old tlieiiies, and Ixith the 
most likely of her present work to 
make her name familiarly remcm- 
liered. The music of "Love in a 
\'alle\- ' ■ may rise as a faint back- 
jTround to tlie reading of "The 
Farmer's Bride", but the new- 
poem, uiu-annily succinct witli its 
half-eaptured lilt and caged tra- 
gedy, lias no dependence on Mere- 
dith's full romance. Iler Chan- 
geling is lonelier and colder, more 
real as a child and changeling than 
any "For.saken Merman" or 
fairy's offspring. He is a sharer 
in two worlds and heir of none, and 
in spite of tlie whole world 's w his- 


pering "in the still dusks of 
Spring" he tries to stay with the 
liiiinans he loves. 

I did Uni'ol down t<j .say my prayc-is; 
Hut rl)c KiriK who .sits on your lilgi-. 

church .stpi'ple 
lias nothiUK to do with us fairy pei 

pie I 

It was the p.ircnis' fault he was 
carried away; they left a li'_'ht. 
and now. . . 

Blacl<; and chill nn- Their niphts Ou 
the wold; 
And They live .so long and Thev fee', 
no pain; 
I shall grow up, but never grow old, 
I shall always, always be very cold. 
I shall never come back again! 

"Madeleine in Church" is als(j 
a worn theme |)i-esented w'itli fres'li 
insight and coloni', tlie burning re- 
sentment of a still rebellious Mag- 
dalene against the safety to which 


she turns. It is by far the long(>st 
and most complex of h.-r poems, 
l>iil its .ligressions are unified and 
concentrated in the pa.ssion and 
soul of Madeleine. Utterly con- 
trasted to it is the almost motion- 
less beauty of "Beside the Bed". 
In twelve lines is enclosed the in- 
drawn of death, the unbeliev- 
ableness of youth broken, and a 
^'rief well iii^r), unbearable in its 

Because all night you l,a^,. „ot turn- 
ed to us or .spoken 

It is time for you to wake; your 
dreams were nevei very deep- 

I. for one, have seen the thin, hri-^ht 
t^v^sted thread.s of them dimmed 
.suddenly and broken. 

This is only a piLeuu.s pretence- 
of sleep. 

Charlotte Mew's realism springs 
from no theory; it is too near 
real it \'. 

A Voice of Protest From Andrews Bay 

SON has written a worth- 
while tale in "The Hiekon- 
Stick." (McClelland & Stewart, 
Toronto). Life in the "truly 
rural" districts of Canada is not 
a bed of roses for the district 
school teacher, but Laura "West, a 
nineteen year old Ontario girl, out of Normal School, as- 
sumes her duties at Andrews' Bay 
with a light heart, although with 
a due sense of the dignity of her 
position. It is not long before 
she sees that the school-teacher is 
also the e|jureh organist, a sick- 
nurse, a guide, philosopher and 
friend, a social ornament, an arbi- 
ter of fashion, in .short, all things 
to all scholars, and she becomes 
imbued with a deep sense of the 
responsibility of both teacher and 
school-board. Her impassioned 
protest to two of her friends: "It 
isn't fair! In towns where they 
have other advantages of music 
and travel and contact with edu- 
cated people — there, behold .vou. 
is a school library of hundreds of 
books, and all sorts of aids to the 
children ! Here, where the young- 

sters are set back from every out- 
side helj), they caniuit have the 
to encourage them, or to broaden 
their horizon! At this rate of go- 
ing, no enthusiastic aud ambitious 
mother will be content to raise 
her children in the countrj' — no 
child who is worth his salt will 
want to stay there ! What then ? 
Inside of one generation the whole 
nation will be wrong end up, 
standing on its head! Nobody 
will want to live in the country, 
if that means ignorance and lack 
of opportunity. To him that hath 
shall be given, and so the city 
child gets its fine school buildings, 
lectures, singing lessons, concerts, 
gymnasiums, every room heated, 
lighted and made as convenient 
as can be. when anyone can see 
that it is the country children who 
should have the buildings — 
see how far they walk! The 
teacher's salary is lower there 
than ehsewhere — and so the teach- 
ers won't go to the country if they 
c?.n get any other place. , . . How 
would you like yonr own boy to 
walk three miles each way to 
school ... in the dead of winter. 

crying with the cold, stumbling in 
the .snow, with his poor little lunch 
frozen solid before he gets to 
school . . . nothing hot for his din- 
ner, not even a hot drink to warm 
him up ? ... If the tendency of our 
educational system is to draw- 
people from the simple life to the 
complex, it is wrong, isn't it? 
Wrong and ridiculous! You — 
you must make it so that all oiir 
schools, no matter where situated, 
hove equal opportunity to serve. 
Vou must .see to it that your son's 
son, anywhere, will have an equal 
chance with the son of the Gover- 
nor-General! . . . We can influ- 
ence the childi'en to think and to 
desire high things; after all, the 
children of today will be the na- 
tion of tomorrow. It seems to me 
that in the rural school lies the 
answer to most of our country's 
troubles — the liquor question, di- 
vorce, and all those vexed pro- 
blems that enter so largely into 
the life of a nation." So Laura, 
but. after all, she is but a small 
voice, and when life holds out love 
and happiness to her, she is thor- 
oughly feminine despite her ideals. 



Sea Variations 

By E. J. PRATT. 

January, 1922. 

OLD, old is tlie sea to-day. 
A sudden stealth of age 
Has torn away 
The texture of its youth aud grace, 
And filched the rose of daybreak from its waters. 
Now lines of gray 
And dragging vapours on its brow 
Heavily are drawn; 
And it lies broken as with centuries, 
Though j'esterday. 

Blue-eyed and shadowless as a child's face, 
It held the promise of a luminous dawn; 
Though through its merry after-hours 
It bade the sun to pour 
Its flaming mintage on the ocean floor 
That by a conjuror's touch was turned 
To rarer treasure manifold, 
Where jacinth, emerald and sajiphii'e burned — 
A fringe around a core of gold . . . 
Old, old is the sea to-day, 
Forsaken, chill and gray. 
And banished is the glory of its waters; 
Though through the silent tenure of the night 
It bade the sterile moon to multiply, 
A thousand fold, its undivided light. 
Within the nadir of a richer sky ; 
When every star a thousand cressets glowed 
That, caught in wider conflagration, sent 
Vast leagues of silver fire wherever flowed 
The waters of its shoreless firmament. 
But old and gray 
Is the sea to-day, 
With tlie morning colors blanched upon its waters. 


Wliat hidden soul residing 
Within these forms, sea! 
Should, every hour changing. 
To Time yet changeless be ? 
Wliat masks hast tliou not worn, 
What parts not played. 
Thou Prince of all the Revels 
In Life's Masquerade? 
Light-hearted as a jester. 
The motley fits thy mood, 
As the gold and the purple, 
Thy statelier habitude. 

At dawn — 
A trumpeter preluding a day's pageant. 

At noon — 
A dancer weaving new measures around the furrows 
of ships with white sails. 
Later — 
A courier with sealed tidings hastening towards the 

At sunset — 
A dyer steeping colours on a bay. 

Again — 
A sculptor teasing faces out of the moonlit foam on a 

Or carving bric-a-brac upon a beach, 
Or fashioning, wi'h age-toiled hands, a grotto out of 

Tlie wind blows — 
And a master puts a flute to his lips. 

It blows again — 
And his fingei-s take hold of organ stops. . . 

Once more, t)he wind — 
Aud thou ildst go an old familiar way 
In tragic fashion, 
As a corsair, pursuing his prey 
With the lust of passion, 
Falls like a burst of hail 
On an autumn yield. 
Till every reach and gulf and bay 
Is left with the stubble of life and sail, 
With the face of the waters like unto the face of the 


Now like a fugitive who, on the desert sand, 

A moment broods upon the life he spilt. 

And, with averted gaze, 

Circling the duslrv ruin of his hand. 


The Aral) measure of his guilt 

Before a Presence standing there that calls 

His name; in cloud and shadow and in whirlwind 

The' inviolate scripture of the fates; 
Then full across the desert speeds, 
Until he falls. 

Caught by the Avenger near the City Gates; — 
So underneatli the heavens' lighted scroll. 
Ablaze witli cryptic tokens of the slain. 
Headlong to shore thy spiral waters roll 
Swept by the besom of the winds; by rain 
And thunder driven in flight 
Along the galleries of the night, 
Until upon the surge-line locked in strife 
With reef and breaker thou art shattered, soon 
In fang Lnd sinew to be strewn 
Around the cliffs that guard the ports of life. 

O wild tumultuous sea ! 

Thy waters mock our liturgy, 

For thou dost take the threads of faith apart, 

Wherewith the cables of our life are spun, 

Strand upon strand unraveling; — Thou dost hear. 

Recited from a tide-wet sliore, 

Our creeds. Each hope and fear 

Filtered from life's confessions, — one by one. 

Out of the dumb confusions of tlie heart. 

Are spread before thy sight — T^ou Arch-Inquisitor ! 

How in a ruthless moment dost thou strip 

The veilings from our eyes, and bid us cast 

Our glances on a labyrinthine past, 

Stirred by a flash that on a wave's white lip 

Gleams for an instant, or by some dark sign 

Within th.y fearful liollows where night flings 

Her crape of shadow on a tossing line 

Of jetsam, will our years turn back. 

To gather from a weed-grown track 

A bitter tale of dimmed rememberings. 

As to its end the tempest drags 
Its way, thou art re-born 

.laiiiiary, 1922. 



To strength of body aiul beauty of faee ; ' 

Aud thou dost cover witli n traiKjuil graec 

Those wlioni tlie winds had IjiirtVted, 

And hiid iipdii the waters — dead, 

III darkness dost tlii)U cdvi'i- tlieni, 

As some wliite-winf::ed mother of tlic erags 

That daily gatliering i'ooil 

From sea-weed and from tide-wash brings, 

At fall of niglit, to her rock-nurtured brooil 

The drowsy silence of hei- wings. 

How like a Pontiff dost thou lie at la>>t. 
Impassive, robed at Deatli's supi-eme hour 

With those high vestments that the storm, 

In the dread legacy of its |)()wer, 

Around th>' level form 

.Majestically hast cast, — 

In the pale iigiit of the moon's slow tapers burning; 

All-silent in the I'aim recessional 

Of the tide's tui-ning; 

All-pa-ssioniess. though on the distant sands 

Where the wreathed lilies of the spray, keen-sifted 

JJy the late wii\ds, are strewn, thy children call, 

Tlieir patient hands 

In prayer, to thee, uplifted. 

Kawartha Lake Sketches 



AT the hotel are fishermen, 
Aud the Indian guides as 
As the great waterfalls 
That plunge and roar aud glide 
From rocky w^alls outside. 

Aud what imperial fishing! 
Rapids aiid pools, and song 
Of water voices all day long. 
And wells of shining trout. 
Surely a god-like bout. 

Perched on eternal stones 
To 'fly' a silver stream, 
To delve into a dream . . . 
And then — at uight — we liear 
' Gimme six cones — and beer' ! 

At the hotel are fishermen 
And Indian guides 


IT might liave been two hun- 
dred j^ears ago. 
For all the difference in her 
way or mine. 
That her canoe with paddle dip- 
ping slow. 
And .sunset running down to em- 
bers low, 
Stopped at my rocky door. 

With fish and basket-work she 

plied her trade 
And I, to help a little money last. 
Answered her Jaarter with a eoat 

I made 
Of colored wool — 0. many seasons 

We were both satisfied. 


Y southern lakes I have seen 

purple stones 
Throw back the shadows of 
the waves and hills. 
On the Aegean, so the stories run, 
Greek youths, with many a saf- 
fron-colored sail 
Rode flame-like to the rhythm of 
the gale. 

Again, in this bright cup— this 
Stoney Lake 

Purple of hills, and pink of nor- 
thern rocks. 

Today I met a sail-boat in the wind 

And at the mast a brown Cana- 
dian boy — 

He was as splendid as his mate of 


HIDEOUS dwellings top this 
And a few trees and dnigy 
And folk who give this giant of a 

Nothing but noise to play with. 
Ages ago, my Indian says, 
This was wild grass and very 

many snakes. 
"Man kills them all. 
And then he comes and makes 
Houses like these to live in." 

Houses like these.! 

Ages ago these trees were elfin 

And tall grass towei-ed to the 

Tntil. to those transparent screens 
their eyes. 

This must have been a most de- 
lirious fen: — 

Perplexed with tangled fern. 

I'c<)))lc(l witli glittering prey. 
Dense .borderland to where the 

black {)ools lay 
Whose captives twist and turn. 

Burrowing, boa-like harlequin 

Your da.v was brilliant and flash- 
ing enough ! 

Snakes ca.sting skins in continuous 

Grass snakes, and ring snakes on 
dragon flies bent. 

^Vas there a Charmer with musical 

Lured you a moment ? Some In- 
dian charm 

Surely touched you with sorcer\-, 
gave you alarm 

Ere the people wlio meant to build 
houses Like these 

Came and killed you — 

And killed the wild grass. 


JCNIPER ring on the granite 
Deep and green and perfectly 
Living with you I understand 
Circle-magic of old. 

You had a sister in mj^stery. 

Was it only an April ago 

That a crocus cup on a bed of 

Promised eternal things? 

It will be longer, Juniper, 

Till Earth declares you ready to 


And you fade of the havoc her 

brown hands make 
That are covered with mystic 




January, 1922. 

S. Whiffletree Sees Stephen Leacock 


BY M'ay of a introdoocin' com- 
ticle, I might renounce that 
mencement to this here ar- 
bein' a stoodeiit in good standard 
at the McGill Tlniyersity College, 
I'm on the inside tract with the 
perfessors, so to say. Consequent, 
I sorter thought it was my bound- 
in' dooty to get a interview with 
Perfessor Leacock what's writin" 
the funny comic gieces in the 
magazine journals. In and ad- 
dition to this, besides belongin' 
to the same knowledge factory, 
me an' the perfess is members of 
the Canada Authors' Association. 
Leastways, I'm a member of same. 
I heard tell that the perfess was 
clamorin' to join up, but the ad- 
mittin' regulations is pretty dum 
stiff. Still or all, there's nothin' 
like stickin' to a thing. Perfes- 
sor Leacock should bear to mind 
that Rhodes wasn't built in a 
coupla hours ! 

In review of this, I hotfoots it 
up to the Arts buildin' where the 
perfess hangs his "Made in Lon- 
don" an' rings the bell vigorous. 

The janitor sticks his head out- 
en the door: "How many times I 
gotta tell you to take them gro- 
ceries round to the back en- 
trance," he hollers, di.sdainful. 

"I wanta see Perfessor Leacock 
of McGill!" I vociferates, "an I 
wanta see him instanter!" 

"Well, you can't see him. He's 
busy writin' a comic piece." 

"Looky here!" I yells, losin' 
complete holt of my dander, "if 
ain't face an' face with Perfessor 
Leacock aside of two minutes, the 
Janitors' Association will be fol- 
lerin' you to your last restin' place 
with the band playin' 'He Done 
His Best — No man could of Done 
More.' WJiif f letree 's the name I" 

In two jumps of a pop-eyed 
rabbit, I was in Perfessor Lea- 
cock's study. He was busy writ- 
in', so I sets me down on a plush 
sofy, wonderin' curious like, was 
it the same one the German gen- 
eral lay down on when his rubber 
suit exploded. 

Jest then, or mebbe a little 
sooner, I can't say positive, the 
Perfessor stopped, writin' an bit 
his mustache pensive, as if seekin' 
out a humorous word. 

"Joe Miller's Joke Book often 
comes in handy," I interpolates, 
affable. "I employs it myself 

"And who in the name of the 
Twelve Gods of Olympus might 
you be?" he asks, turnin' round 
sudden". "Even if you are cer- 
tain the price of the Harvard 
Classics is going up ten days after 
I sign on the dotted line, the state- 
ment won't interest me — oh, not 
at all!" 

This second misrepresentin' of 
my characterization twicet iu the 
same day kind of nestled me, so I 
says, a bit haughty like : 

"I'm Si Whiffletree of the Fac- 
ulty of Laws, last seat, second row 
from the door." 

"Oh, mister Whiffletree, eh," 
he says, unbendin', "that's a horse 
of a different collar. To what do 
I owe the honor of this visit T' 

"I'm in the interviewin' busi- 
ness jest at present, though a 
stoodent by trade," I explains to 
him in explanation, "I sorter 
thought as how I'd look you up 
as bein' one of the few college 
perfessors what can make a Es- 
kimo heat up with laughin' out 

"Ah well," he sighs, with a 
kind glance at his watch, "every- 
thing in the day's work, I sup- 

"Ain't it the truth," I blurts 
out, tryiu' to keep a straight face 
at this witticism an' failing la- 

There- was a awkward pause. 
Then I continues by way of keep- 
in' the ball roarin': "I read your 
latest book, perfessor — the one 
named with the title of Whikin' 
Wiiiuir. It's mighty good in 
spots, but in course we all has our 
off days!" 

"Hum," he replies back, "not 
to mention ho !" 

"For incense," I goes on, clear- 
in" my throat, "when I come up 
here to the McGill from Sims" 
Corners two years ago, come next 
Michaelmus, fust thing I did was 
to trot over to the library an' ast 
for one of your books, hea'-in" 
tell that you was the man what 
put the "haw! haw! in laugh. I 
was give the Principles of Politi- 

rnl Econonui an' a sharp look from 
tlie librarian, she tellin' me that 
if I kep' it more'n two weeks con- 
secutive, I'd have to make the 
welcome ring wi^h 2 cents per 
each day I kep" it over the two 
weeks. 'Don't worry your little 
self thin over it," 1 told her. 'I've 
lieard tell of Perfessor Leacock 
an' if I dont burn the midnight 
owl readin' this book, my name's 
Denis!' Right there, I was bark- 
in' up the wrong elm, 'cause it 
took me a week to get to page 10. 
an' I'll be horn.swoggled if my 
risibles didn't think I'd left town! 
By crickey, perfessor, somebody 
must of borrowed money off you 
at tlie Mausoleum Club the day 
you wrote this book — not a pov- 
erty-stricken giggle in the hull 
shootin' mask!" 

' ' Ah well, ' ' he says, playin ' with 
his watch chain, "we all have our 
off days as .you so significantly 
remarked. But tell me. haven't 
you got a lecture about this time?" 

"I have," I repartyed facetious, 
"but I reckon the well oiled 
whee'ls of justice .won't stop re- 
volvin' on the account me not be- 
in" amongst those present. How 
"bout givin' me some personal 
facts, such as — what was your in- 
timate thoughts as a youthful 
child, or, did you' .spend most of 
your wakin' hours goin' to the 
eye doctor on the account of read- 
in' omnivorous?" 

"While the perfess was thinkin' 
out the. best way to reply back to 
these questions, the door opens an' 
a seedy lookin' bird hops in. 

"Ah, manna from heaven!"' ex- 
claims Perfessor Leacock, hearty. 
"Mister Manna, let me introduce 
.vou to my friend, Whiffletree, last 
seat, second row from the door. 
Faculty of Laws."" 

I shook hands with this gent 
what looked like a perfessor to 
me. He wanted to go out, think- 
in" he'd disturbed us, but Perfes- 
sor Leacock told him to sit down 
if lie valued his skin, or sumpin' 
of the kind. Seein " how the lamb 
lay, I said toctful : "Well I guess 
I "11 trot right along if you don't 

"We do, but wo "re I'esigned to 
it." answered back the perfess. 
"('lose the door after you!" — 
Collegiate World. 

Jaiiuarv, 1!)22. 



The New Roberts Animal Book 

IT was just al)oiit tlic ho^iiiiiiii^j 
of the i>roseiit rcii'iiry. wlieii 
Cliarlos (i. I). RdbiTts, liaviiip: 
devoted hiiiiseli' mainly t" [xietry 
for twenty years, arul liavinji just 
issued the "Colleeted Peenis" 
whicii still stands as his most ee;- 
tain elaini to iinmortality, dis- 
covered a new literary device whieli 
proved to lie extraordinai'ily sue- 
cessful in attract inir the attention 
and :i(llliir;iti(m of the larjrer puli- 
lic. The year IDOO is the date, not 
only of the "Colleeted Poems"' hut 
also of "The Heart of the Ancient 
Wood,'" the first of the volumes in 
whicli the dramatis jiersonae con- 
sist la:jrely of animals instead of 
iiuman hciiigs; and liy 1902 the 
new method was in full operation 
inL "The Kindred of the Wild". 
There may be some question of 
priority in this new adventure be- 
tween Dr. Roberts and Ernest 
Thomjisou Setou (both, singularly 
enough, were born in the same 
year, viz., 1860, but Dr. Roberts 
had nearly twenty yeai's the start 
in literature), for the latter 's 
"Trail of the Sand-PIill Stag"' 
was published in 1899. There can 
be little dispute as to the artistic 
superiority. Seton was an animal 
painter and a, and his 
earlier efforts to dramatise the life 
of the woods were intended for 
the consumption of children, for 
whom he would doubtless have con- 
tinued to write if their ciders had 
not elbowed the youngsters out of 
the audience. Roberts was a mat- 
ured literary artist when he enter- 
ed tlie field of zoological fiction. 

The recipe for zoological fiction 
is extremely simple, but the very 
simplicity of the device and of the 
subject matter increases the ne- 
cessity for high technical perfec- 
tion in the treatment. The modern 
reader has shown unmistakable 
signs of an acute interest in phy- 
sical conflict, probably because 
there is, comparatively speaking, 
so little of it in our ordei-ed pre- 
.sent-day life. Xow the life of the 
wild animals resembles that of more 
primitive man in being one con- 
tinuous series of conflicts of the 
most murderous character. If, 
therefore, the individual creatu: es 
engaged in these conflicts can be 
so depicted as to enlist the reader "s 
sympathy and belief, the result is 
an unlimited supply of fights-to- 
the-death, each with a strong 
sporting interest, and carried on in 
surroundings which make a strong 

appeal to nuni's inuigination simpl\' 
ticcausc nuin is totally absent from 

.Ml s\ich efforts at dramatising 
animals involve, of course, a cer- 
tain amount of i>athetic fallacy. It 
is necessary to attribute to the 
comliatant animals various mental 
states and i)roccsses of whose very 
existence in their minds wc cannot 
be certain, and of whose natin-e we 
can know nothing. We conjecture 
the mental processes of our fellow 
human beings, not merely by ob- 
serving the behaviour of many 
thousands of them in varving cir- 




The Puhlishers of the Canadian 
Bookman have in their possession 
a very limited number of complete 
sets of the ten issues of the quart- 
erly, bound in two volumes in a 
substantial library binding. 

These u'ill be disposed of to the 
first Canadian libraries applying 
for them, at the rate of $20.00 for 
the set. A eonsidcrable reduction 
ivill be made to libraries xvhich can 
surrender in e.rchange copies of the 
rare issues of January 1919 and 
December 1920. 

Librarians are reniinded that 
these volumes ivill be practically 
uniform in size with the yearly 
volumes of the monthly now com- 
mencing, and that the possession 
of a complete set of the Canadian 
Bookman from its foundation is 
bound to be a source of much sat- 
isfaction in the future. 

cumstances, but by judging every 
item of that behaviour in the light 
of what goes on in our own private 
and personal minds, whicli we as- 
sume to be similar in general char- 
acteristics to those of all the other 
human beings. The animals we 
can judge only by their behaviour; 
we have no internal knowledge of 
their mental processes. That ani- 
mals feel pain and pleasure (with- 
in a much more limited range than 
ours") we cannot doubt ; but pain 
and pleasure can be purely phy- 
sical sensations. That they feel 
fear seems equally certain, but it 
must be a very different thing 
from the absorbing emotion which 
passes by that name among human 
beings. The writer has seen a rab- 
bit in a state of the most intense 

alarm at one minute, and placidly 
eating grass within thirty secomls 
after the cause of its alarm had 
been removed. Indeed the prospect 
of a violent death is, to a rabbit, 
so omnipresent and perpetual that 
it seems as if nature must have ac- 
commodated the pot^r animal to his 
circumstances by giving him a rea- 
.sonably philosophical attitude to- 
wards it — Ral|)h Hodgson to the 
contrary notwithstanding. 

Dr. Roberts has indulgecl less in 
this pathetic fallacy than any other 
of the writers of his .school. Jlis 
animals do no talking, and not 
much more thinking than can rea- 
sonably be attributed to them in 
view of their behaviour. Dr. Ro- 
berts' knowledge of the economic 
processes at work in the woods 
and the waters is vast and authen- 
tic, and is thus the source of the 
apparently inexhaus'ihle supply of 
plau.sible plots for animal-conflict 
stories upon which he has been 
drawing for twenty years. \o one 
can read these stories without 
greatly enlarging his knowledge of 
natural history — not that old- 
fashioned natural history which 
consists in a catalogue of bones and 
muscles, but the modern science 
which concerns itself with the 
habits, disposition and economic 
situation of the creature. And 
since increased knowledge of any 
of God's creatures means increa-sed 
love for them, we suspect that the 
Roberts nature stories have done 
much to advance that far-off mil- 
lennium when man will no longer 
inflict anj- unnecessary pain upon 
the least of his fellow-creatures 
upon the planet that has been given 
to him. 

The entire list of short nature 
stories from the pen of this famous 
Canadian, over one himdred in 
number, has now been brought to- 
gether in a single uniform edition 
by the MacmiUan Company. They 
are in eight volumes, handsomely 
illustrated by Paul Bransom and 
others, and sold in Canada at the 
very moderate pi-ice of $1.10, sep- 
arately or complete. The Macmil- 
lan Company are to be heartily 
congratulated upon getting out so 
important a collection by one of 
the greatest of Canadian writers 
at the very moment when the Can- 
adian Book Week is drawing the 
attention of Canadians to the scope 
and excellence of their own na- 
tional literature. 



Jaimarv. 1922. 

Basil King as Novelist and Thinker 

MR. Basil King, to whom the 
whole body of Canadian 
writers is under a deep obli- 
gation for the generous part which 
he took in the propagandist effort 
of Canadian Authors' Week, has 
two new books on the market this 
season, each of which takes very 
high rank ia its particular line. 
His new novel, The Empty Sack, 
is probably the most .serious and 
important of all the list, now both 
.so long and so credit<jble, of his 
works of fiction. But though its 
influence wUl be wider, it will cer- 
tainly not be so deep or so power- 
ful as that of his autobiographical 
study in psjx-hology, The Conquest 
of Fear. 

The Empty Sack (Musson, Tor- 
onto, $2.00), is the tale of a family 
of Maritime Province origin, set- 
tled for twenty or thirty yeai"s past 
in a cheap suburb of New York. 
The head of the famdy is that most 
pathetic of figures, the old man 
who has not acquired the capacity 
to perform any marketable service 
that a young man could not do 
much better, and who finds him- 
self tlirown out of employment be- 
fore his family has reached the 
point of being able to su.stain it- 
self and him. The old man passes 
off the scene in an early chapter, 
and the interest of the book is in 
the manner in which different 
members of the family react to the 
pressure of their environment. One 
of them .the older son, is suf f icient- 
Ij' weak in character to succumb to 
the temptation to thieve from his 
employers, and subsequently, in 
the instinct for escape, to .slay one 
of the officers who are in pursuit 
of him. The tragedy of this un- 
fortunate weakling, and its effect 
upon his mother and sister, are the 
essence of the tale, although the 
necessary action and love interest 
are provided b.v a courtship, lead- 
ing at first to a formal marriage 
and (mly at the end of the book to 
a real marriage, between the daugh- 
ter and a son of the head of the 

^Ir. King's treatment of the trial 
and execution of the murderer is 
extraordinarily courageous. We 
do not know another on 
this continent who would not have 
eithei- yielded to the desire for a 
liap|)y eiuling or else liave depicted 
the young man as either a debased 
wretch or a lieroic victim, unju.stly 

suffering under the tyranny of our 
property-made laws. 

Mr. King teaches us not to be so 
much interested in the mere event, 
the purely external happening, of 
an acquittal, a reprieve or an exe- 
cution, as in the manner in wliich 
tile human mind adapts itself even 
to those conditions which at first 
sight appear most intolerable. He 
shows us the young boy, growing 
in moral .stature throughout the 
period of hi.s arrest and trial, 
realising (largely through the 
sjnnpathy and friendship of his 
sister's lover) that his own fate 
was written in his own character — 
that the empty sack cannot stand 
upright, and that the human being 
lacking certain qualities cannot be 
a useful member of society. Death 
in the electric chair ceases thus to 
seem terrible to its victim, and 
therefore to the reader. The horror 
of the execution itself is tempered 
by a wonderfully judicious use of 
what some people may term the su- 
pernatural, but what is really 
nothing more than a suggestion of 


Whose admirable Acarlia novel, "Jen 
of the Marshes", will be reviewed in 
our next issue. 

Ash of Dead Incense 

THOSE dreams I dreamed of 
Have flamed and waned 
Like ash from incense blue 
Of sandalwood soft stained. 

Those dreams I dreamed of you 
Are things of dread — 
An ash of faded hue 
From scent long d^ad! 

Ethel Loiwre Gvaedinger. 

the faith (which is surely latent 
in almost every one of us) that 
there must be a realm of some kind, 
outside of this Ufe, in which those 
unfortunate individuals who have 
been "empty sacks'" in this exist- 
ence, and have suffered according- 
ly, Arill be judged by some other 
and less utilitarian standard. The 
episode is a singularly touching 
one. At the very hour of the exe- 
cution, as the wealthy young man 
is motoring away from the jail 
where lie has said his last fare- 
well to the poor young man whom 
he has learned to under.stand and 
to love, he sees in the road before 
him two figures, those of the ill- 
fated youth and his mother, walk- 
ing arm-in-arm, and on reaching 
their home he learns that the 
mother died at the very hour of 
her son's execution. 

There is much other matter of 
interest in the novel, and some 
rather conventional sketches of 
s<H'iety life in a wealthy Long Is- 
land Sound suburb. But the value 
of the book lies in the fact no one. 
even among those who read for in- 
cident and .sentiment alone, can 
peruse this work without learning 
a somewhat higher philo.sophy of 
life. Xot that that philo.sophy is 
obtrusive, but it underlies the 
whole subject matter of the tale. 

The Conquest of Fear is Mr. 
King's Credo, formulated only 
after a period of great physical 
and mental suffering, wliich has 
undoubtedly had much to do with 
enabling the author to reach the 
sane and rich philosophy which is 
stated in this book and embodied in 
the novel. Mr. King rightly holds 
that no present suffering is to be 
compared with that which we 
undergo in the expectation of fu- 
ture suffering, which means that 
fear is the chief of life's evils. He 
maintains that the current reli- 
gious orthodoxies do little or noth- 
ing to relieve fear and much to 
stimulate it, in which most people 
vdW agree with him. The process 
of thought, and the exercise of 
faith, which he himself has found 
most potent for the exorcism of 
fear, will not serve all other men 
in equal degree; but Mr. King's 
mind is, we think, typical of a ver.v 
large class of cultured minds of 
the present day, and his experien- 
ces should be of great value to 
manv readers. 

January, 1922. 



New Poems by Dr. Scott 


Scott, Diiiii'an ('aiiij)bi'll, '■licaiity 

and Life." McClelland & 

Stewart. Toronto. 

ANEW voliinie of verse from 
the pen of Diiiiean Campbell 
Scott is an event in ("ana- 
(lian Letters and an inspiration to 
Canadian ideals. HitiKti) mid l.if( 
shews Dr. Scott's power of word 
mu.sic, his philosophical trend and 
his scholarly attainments. The 
fdllowinj!: words of Coleridpre are 
liarticnlarly apjilicable. " Xo man 
was ever yet a ^reat poet without 
lieiiigr at the same time a profound 
philosopher. For poetry is the 
Idossom and fragrancy of all hu- 
man knowledge, human thought, 
human passions, emotions and 

The present volume is deeply 
tinctured with an indulging streak 
of profound and penetrating phil- 
osophy of life. Several of the 
poems are the outcome of a philo- 
sophical emotion recollected in 
tranquillity. Witness these lines 
from an ""Ode for the Keats Cen- 
tenary" which opens the book and 
which was read at the Hart House 

The minds of men grow numb, theii 
vision narrow.s. 

The clogs of Empire and the dust ot 

The lust of power t'hat fogs the fair- 
est pages. 

Of the romance that eager lite would 

These war on Beauty with theis 
spears and arrows. 

Dr. Scott has confidence in the 
power of Beauty and her immor- 

But still is Beauty and of constant 

Even in the whirl of Time's most sor- 
did hour, 

I>.inishpd frn"i the great' highway.s. 

Affrighted by the tramp of insolent 

She hangs her garlands in the by 

Lissome and sweet 

Bending her head to hearken and learn 

Melody shadowed with melody. 

Softer than shadow of sea-fern, 

In the green -shadowed sea. 

The soul of Beauty is imprison- 
ed in these lines and ,shiues forth 
with an irrepressible and irides- 
cent radiance. In the Poem. "The 
Eagle Speaks" the following lines 
might aptly be applied to the hu- 
man striving after the ideal. 

To mount that is our destiny, to mount 

— and even 
In rest to feel that |>ower that calls 
To hang above the earth and all the 

Of men that creep and scurry upon it 

Biinilji and Life is distinctly 
Canadian in theme, colour and 
setting. The lyric contained in 
tlie "Keats Ode" is essentially so 
in spirit, shewing as it does a close 
and true observation of nature 
and the power to convey these 
truths in word picture to the read- 
er. In this lyric and in the poem 
""Leaves" Dr. Scott reminds one 
ot Meredith in his delineation of 
the minutiae of Earth's mysteries. 

Where bloodroot in the clearing dwells 

Along the edge of snow; 

Where, trembling all their trailins 

The sensitive twin flowers blow; 
Where, searching through the fern> 

The moose-fawns find the springs; 
Where the loon laughs and diving 

Her young beneath her wings; 

Where flash the fields of arct'ic moss 
With myriad golden light; 
Where no dream — shadows ever cross 
The lidless eyes of night. 

No other Canadian poet gives 
such detail or delivers it with such 
a disarming simplicity. Obvious- 
ly his knowledge of nature was 
not acquired solely from books. 
It rings too true to life. 

The sequence entitled "Varia- 
tions on a Seventeenth Century 
Theme" is modern in its imagina- 
tive strength and boldness of 
treatment and historical in its set- 
tings. It opens with a variation 
done in the early English style. 
The author has caught all the 
eer. What could be more pictur- 
esque, more original .and yet truer 
to the spirit of the times, in which 
it was supposedly written than the 
following : 

Then looking on its beauty, sodenly 

Her timid mind with payne was rude- 
ly crost, 

Sche thought on all the blossoms sche 
had lost, 

And the first tear of all the teares sche 

Fell down upon t'he litel yalow head. 

The main theme is then elabor- 
ated in numerous variations, both 
of thought and form. Dr. Scott ]s 
power over words and metre is 

amazing. To enclose in one poem 
so many separate and distinct 
verse forms, and yet to keep each 
one true in principle and spirit to 
the prevailing mood is iieyond 
doid)t the work of the true crafts- 
man. Nothing of <'qual merit has 
b( fore l)een accomplished in Can- 
adian literature. 

Canadian nature in all its glory 
and grandeur, simplicity and 
beauty is brought before the read- 
er in many memorable pa.ssages. 
These lines from the poem "The 
Fragment of a Letter" are satur- 
ated with beauty and imagery. 
Dr. Scott has loaded every rift 
with ore. 

We ivatched the youthful darkness 

The burning mountain-chain of fret- 
ted colour 

And drench it with his dream of dusk. 
— duller 

It grew and duller, to a high coast o.' 

The impalpable sheet lightening fled 
in flashes. 

Signalling, in a vivid instant' code. 

The approach of another wonder epi- 

Of beauty, ever stealing high and 

And then we were aware of the still 

Of the Great Moon." 

Some of the poems are pervaded 
with an almost mediaeval mystic- 
ism and symbolism. Take, for 
example, the lines "A vision"; 
terse in their abrupt stanza form 
and yet triumphant in their close- 
ly packed train of symbolic pic- 
tures. "Spirit and" em- 
bodies the elusiveness and incom- 
in-ehensibility of life. The Poem 
"Somewhere in France" is a 
modern theme in a mediaeval set- 
ting. It is a poignantly pathetic 
picture of sorrow and the bring- 
ing together of the woman of the 
present and the spirit of th'^ 
woman of the past has a touch of 
the dramatic. The woman's voice, 
speaking from the tomb wherein 
she was forceably walled cent- 
uries ago. is suggestive of a scene 
in an early English mystery play. 

Dr. Scott's lyric power was 
proven by his earlier volumes. 
Many of the shorter poems in the 
present work would make exquis- 
ite songs for mu.sie. "Idle to 
Grieve" possesses all the requisites 



Canadian Authors' Week 

January, 1922. 

Canadian Authors' Week at Smith's Corners 
as seen by our special cartoonist. 

of a true lyric ; simplicity, passion 
and form. I cannot forbear 

Idle to grieve when the stars are cleai 
above me. 

When the bright waters bubble in tht 

Idle to grieve when fhere are storms 
to prove me 

And birds that seek me out to come 
and sing. 

Idle to grieve, the light is on the high- 

There are the mountain meadows to 

Beyond in the pass the airy heights 

are my way, 
Idle to grieve, glad heart, idle fo grieve. 

Tlie volume concludes witli sev- 
eral war poems. The well known 
■'To a Canadian Aviator who died 
for his Country in France" has 
been included in George Herbert 
Clarke's "Treasury of War 
Poetrv." "To the Canadian 

Mothers" expresses the spirit of 
renunciation and sacrifice of the 
mothers of war time. It is a beau- 
tiful and consoling tribute. 

' ' See deep enough and you see 
musically" said Carlyle. Dr. 
Scott's verse possesses both the 
depth of thought and the music. 
His latest volume is a distinct ad- 
dition to all literature. Tt is a 
privilege to review it. 

January, 1022. 


Books Received 


Cabell, James Branch, "Kisuit'x of 
lOartli". Cioodi'hild, Toronto, Keaders 
of the Canadian Bookman are aware 
that We regard Mr Cabell ^s one of the 
towering figures of American lite- 
rature, typical of the best culture of the 
country to which he rather 
than of the "mass production" men- 
tality of its more popular authors. This 
book has. ta our mind, a finer phil- 
osophic design even than "Jurgen", 
and is quite as beautifully written in 
much the same high-fantastic style. 
There could be no greater mist.ike than 
I'o suppose that Mr. Cabell is not se- 
rious because he writes pla.vfully; 
as well deny serious intent to "The 
Shaving of Shagpat". 

Comstock, Sarah, "The Daughter of 
Helen Kent", tJundy. Toronto. $ 1.90. — 
Helen Clifton, the daughter of staid, 
church-going New Yorkers, was ahead 
of her time, and escaping from the 
precincts of her austere home, she 
went to a California university, where 
the college life fostered her scepticism 
until along came A"ernon Kent, with 
whom she fell riotousl.v. rapturously- 
headlong-in love. And in a year she had 
lost her faith in love, as in God. when 
Vernon Kent, accompanied by a woman, 
arrived at their San Francisco door at 
five in the morning, in a helpless state 
of intoxication. She took her baby 
daughter, Bequita, a pretty Spanish 
diminutive for Rebecca, and with all 
the brains ajid determination of which 
she was capable, she began to carve 
out a business career, which would 
give them plenty of mone.v and absolve 
Bequita from any necessity of having 
a man in her life — to wreck it. The 
child was taught the "absurdity of that 
delusion — that preposterous Santa 
Claus called 'God,' " and was told in all 
its horror of her mother's experiences 
in "that gigantic fraud, called love". 
When Bequita was nineteen. Helen 
Kent took her to New York, never 
doubting her aliility to "rule her child's 
emotions as she ruled her daily routine 
of sleep and meals and study and 
play." But you can't dam back the 
current of nature, and the conflict be- 
tween that most ancient of all mothers 
and the ultra-modern methods of H' ' 
en Kent made Sarah Comstock's story 
an absorbing study \\'ith .-i most un- 
usual theme. 

Cooke, Marjorie Benton, "Married':'" 

Gundy. Toronto. $1.90. — Marcia Liv- 
ingston was the sole heiress to many 
millions. The foundation of her for- 
tune had been laid by her grandfather. 
and a big part of it consisted of the 
Santa Rosa Ranch, an estate of 12.000 
acres in California, but in the very 
heart of the Santa Rosa there was an 
estate belonging to a Spaniard. Dom 
Padrasso. and when he died he left the 
estate to his grand-daughter, who al- 
so refused to sell out but who con- 
sented to rent her estate to the Liv- 
ingstons. Old Henry Livingston s 
dearest enemy was an Irishman. Par- 
nell Shawn, but his grandson. Dennis, 
inherited nothing save the story of the 
Livingston-Shawn feud. By the turn 


of fate, young Shawn became super- 
intendent and manager of the Santa 
Rosa Ranch, when he discovered that 
the Great Western railroad was trying 
to buy 'the Padrasso ranch from the 
old Spanish lieiress. Krom then on. 
the story alternates between Dennis's 
trials at the ranch and Marcia's ef- 
forts to reduce her boredom in New 
York. The old Senorita is about to die, 
and she will sell her ranch to noone 
but a member of the Livingston family. 
Marcia and Dennis are married, by 
long distance telephone, in order that 
Dennis, as her husband, may pur- 
chase the Padrasso land. And then? 
Then comes the test of Marcia and 
Dennis — it might even be called "The 
Redemption of Marcia". It is a snai)py 
tale, full of action, and if it appears 
to you to be more or less improbable, 
what of that when it is so entertain- 

Curwood, James Oliver, "'Thi' Flam- 
ing Forest'". Copp Clark. Toronto. — 
The third of Mr. Curwood's dramatic 
trilogy of the Xorth Country. "The 
Flaming Forest" will be a delight to 
those numerous admirers of this au- 
thor's work who have revelled in "The 
River's' End" and "The Valley of Si- 
lent Men". As usual, a Royal North 
West Mounted Police Sergeant is the 
hero of the tale, and he has started, 
in this case, from Arthabasca Landing, 
in pursuit of Black Roger Audemard, 
.1 murderer who had disappeared fif- 
teen years earlier but was rumored to 
be still alive. David Carrigan. for 
.<uch was the Royal "Mountie's" name, 
was shot very early in his quest — by 
a woman who took him into the strong- 
hole of St. Pierre Boulain. head of Ihe 
"Boulain Brigade", who brought out 
the richest cargoes of furs from the 
northland. and who remained himself 
a mystery. If you are a Curwood 
reader, you know that you have here 
all the concomitants of one of his 
typical romances, the handsome ser- 
geant, the beautiful French-Canadian 
girl, the romantic criminal, and all the 
Tndiane and (halfbreads that go to 
make up what his publishers call "the 
glamour of the North." 

Dawson, Warrington, "The Gift of 
Paul Clermont": Gundy. Toronto. $1.90. 
Mr. Dawson is a Southerner, with a 
marked capacity for understanding the 
French character. Paul Clermont 
a youth with an irradicable belief that 
"it is better to be killed than to kill 
DOor people", and that "it is better 
to go to prison thah send a comrade 
there" even when the comrade is guilty. 
It is perhaps a sign of disillusionment 
( hat w-hereas in Victor Hugo's time 
the tragic history of such a youth 
would have moved readers to tears, 
today it leaves us cold. Not that Mr. 
Dawson is a Hugo, but he is a com- 
petent novelist. 

Duffus. Robert L. ""Roads Going 
South". M.TCmillan Toi-o^to «? »0, — 
A rather stunid book, dealing with a 
rather stupid young man. It seems 

to have been intended as a second 
"Moon Calf", but it impresses one as 
rather more calf and rather less moon. 

Ferber, Edna, "The Girl.s", Gundy. 
T<jr/into. $1.90.-- One of the best books 
about women, for women and by a 
woman, that has been written tor 
many moons. Great-Aunt Charlotte 
Thrift, spinster, aged seventy-four; 
Mrs. Carrie I'ayson. aged sixty-nine; 
Lottie Payson. s|)inster. aged thirty- 
two and Charley Payson. spinster, aged 
"eighteen and a half," dominate this 
"story about old maids, " as the author 
calls it. Charlotte. Lottie and Charley 
are great-aunt, niece and grand-niece, 
and they all live in Chicago. Live, one 
says, because they are all so human 
that one cannot think of them as 
story-book |>eople. They are so much 
the sort of people you kn,ow and num- 
ber among your friends. Their love- 
stories. Their experiences during the 
war, and the unexpected climax of 
Lottie Payson's war service in France, 
are as absorbing as gossip about your 
neighbours. And if you knew what 
that climax was — my. how you would 

Fish, Horace, "The Great Way." 
Mitchell Kennerley. New York. An 
immense public, which can no longer 
hope for much more of its literary 
food from Hall Caine, stands ready 
to adopt Horace Fish as its chief pur- 
veyor if he can keep up the atmos- 
phere of sanctified sinfulness which is 
the secret of this book's popularity. 
We have to admit that "The Great 
Way" entertained us while we read it, 
in virtue of the rapidity and exotic 
colouring of its action and the author's 
undeniable fervour. Hall Caine's earlier 
books had the same effect. But sub- 
sequent consideration convinces us 
that "The Great Way" is by no means 
in the great manner. 

Gforge, W. L., "Ursula Trent." Mus- 
son. Toronto. $2.25. Mr. George's 
studies of prostitution, which consti- 
tute the major part of his contribu- 
tion to contemporary literature, ap- 
pear to us to be reasonably sound so 
long as they deal with the economic 
side of the subject, and intolerably 
unsoinid and unhealthy when they get 
into the realm of the psychological. 
This book, being the autobiography o 
a "lady" (in the strict, hereditary 
sense) engaged in "gay life. " is en- 
tirely psychological. We believe it is 
entirely false, but it is not worth the 
space which we should have to con- 
sume to demonstrate our belief. Mr. 
George is not a woman, and if he 
were he would not be a lady. 

Harding, Jane, "Margaret's Mead." 
Gundy. Toronto. $1.75. A rather irri- 
tating story which gets you nowhere 
and yet has an indefinable charm of 
its own. You rather wish the heroine 
would be very bad or very good, or 
would at least give you some indica- 
tion of what she intends to do with 
herself, but you are left quite "up 
in the air" and rather peeved pver the 
wliole thing. 



Jaiiuarv, 1!)22. 

Hooker, Forrestine C. "Prince Jan, 
St. Bernard," Giuuly. Toronto, $1.75. 
A dog story in the style made popular 
by "Beautiful Joe." You are given 
conversations between dogs, and you 
are allowed to "see the wheels go 
round" in the dog's mind. Prince Jan 
is transported from the hospice in 
Switzerland to sunny California, goes 
througli many vicissitudes culminat- 
ing in a dramatic feat whereby lie 
saves the lives of 91 people by swim- 
ming asliore with a life-line from a 
wrecked ship. It is a slender, rather 
|)rptty .«tory. and eminently suitable 
as a gift to the small nephew or niei 
woh is a (log- lover. 

Kyne, Peter B. "The Piide of Palo- 
mar." Cosmopolitan, New York, $2.00 
Feter Kyne is one of the "red-blooded, 
two-fisted, regular he-man" sort of 
writers who i)roduce what his pub- 
lishers call "vital and vigorous" tale.s 
of action, and sometimes of love. Jok- 
ing aside, Mr. Kyne may write novel.s 
especially designed to please men, bin 
he does draw worth-wliile women. In 
fact, this reviewer would say Mr. 
Kyne's women are the most gentle- 
manly ladies of modern fiction. And 
this isn't a "slam" — it's a genuine 
crimpliment. After "sub-debs." "flap- 
pers" and others of that ilk, it is good 
to find a woman like Kay Parker, the 
heroine of "The Pride of Palomar," a 
big, fine, upstanding sort of girl, who 
doesn't flirt, giggle or rouge; who 
plays the ball as it lies, and doesn't 
cheat on the score. She's the so:t of 
girl every man would like to fiud for 
his girl of girls, and Don Miguel Far- 
rel, a Spanish Irish -American, so 
thought when he found her on the 
way to his California "Rancho Palo- 
mai-." even though her father was con- 
spiring with a Japanese. Okada. to get 
control not only of the ranch but of 
the valley in which it was situated. 
It was a fight for Don "Mike" against 

the father of the girl he loved, and 
against the father of the girl he loved 
and against the combined power of 
the Japanese and the New Yorker. 
Mr. Kyne is more than frank in his 
hatred of the Japanese, ai.d his insist- 
1 ence on "Califiornia for the native 

Maugham, W. Somerset, "The Trem- 
bling of a Leaf," McClelland & Stew- 
art. Toronto. A collection of six shoi t 
stories of life on the Islands of the 
Pacific, depicting different pliases of 
the clash between the tropic careless- 
ness and the temperate-zone intensity 
in matters of morality and economics. 
Mr. Maugham has sufficient sympa- 
thy with the tropical attitude to be 
able to depict it with very great pow- 
er, and every one of these tales is a 
brilliant e.xample of that popular form 
of art. 

Smith, Juliette Gordon, "The Wednes- 
day Wife," Macmillan. Toronto. $2.00. 
AI! the occult charm and mysticism of 
tiie Orient possesses this unusual tale 
of life in a harem. Attar al Hassan is 
a Moslem, and according to the cus- 
toms of his fathers, should have a 
wife for every day of the week devot- 
ing himself to each wife for the day 
dedicated to her. One wonders how 
the custom would work liere, where 
the average man finds that one wifii 
keeps him busy from Monday to Mon- 
day. Attar, at the lime of the story, 
had only progressed so far as to have 
three wives, for Monday, Tuesday and 
Wednesday, and it is with the fortuno.^ 
of Aletra, the Wednesday wife, and 
the most beautiful and chaiming of 
the three, that the book is concerned. 
Almost she persuadeth you that a ha- 
rem might have its distinct advan- 
tages — for the owner of the harem. 
Such is her charm that she wins the 
fancy of the Sultan, escaping from 
him by feigning leprosy, and Monday 

and Tuesday wives having been re- 
moved by the plague. Attar decides 
that Aletra's charms will be enough 
for him and he will make her his all- 
the-week wife. The story sounds fath- 
er foolish to Occidental ears, but there 
is a Chu-Chin-Chow sort of magnifi- 
cence about it that captivates your 
fancy and makes it well worth read- 

. .Tarkington, Booth, "Harlequin and 
Columbine. " Gundy, Toronto, $l.iJO. A 
brief but very Dickensy and very 
Christmassy tale. in farce-comedy 
style, based upon the temperament il- 
ism of a New York star actor of the 
male sex. Mr. Tarkington's dexterity, 
which is certainly unexcelled by any 
other American author of today, en- 
ables him to turn to this kind of woik 
in the intervals between a "Penrod"' 
and an "Alice Adams" and acliieve 
equal success in all three manners, 

Walsh, John H. "Glenwood of Ship- 
bay." Macmillan. Toronto, $2.25. You 
know that old bromide, "it isn't so 
much what he said, it's the way in 
which he said it." In this book the 
story is told by "a little dried-up Yan- 
kee with a short leg," who has passed 
his three-score-years-and-ten, wlio 
loves life and people and who talks 
like a gai-rulous, fascinating old man, 
without envy, malice or bitterness. 
You feel just as if you were sitting in 
the club over your walnuts and wine, 
listening to him "clack" about Tom 
Glenwood, and all the other charac- 
ters of Shipbay. a small town, gone 
to seed before the war and revivified 
by the demand for ships. The book 
is full of clever sayings, what Mr. 
Dooley would call "ippygrams." It has 
the atmosphere of the "upper ten" of 
a small town and you feel as if you 
fere on the inside looking out at all 
the vagaries of a better class "Main 


"Anthology of Modern Verse." Meth- 
uen. London, 6 shillings. A 26-page 
introduction by Robert Lynd points 
out, very justly, that "the good poets 
of the twentieth century have not been 
nearly so revolutionary either in form 
or in formlessness as is sometimes 
imagined." The book is dedicated to 
Thonvas Hardy, "greatest of the mod- 
erns," which tells us much of the com- 
piler's standards. Ninety writers, none 
less "rnodern" than Hardy in chronol- 
ogy at least, are represented. Except 
one or two pieces like "The Bull" and 
"The Hound of Heaven," no poem is 
big in size. But there is astonishing 
intensity of beauty about almost every 
one of them. A book to keep under 

Raymond, E. T. "Portraits of the 
Nirulii-.s." Macmillan, Toronto, $4.25. 
This is a. much more important book 
than "Uncensored Celebrities,'" and 
sliows that Mr. Raymond's mind has 

been steadily maturing, under the in- 
fluence, we venture to guess, of the 
author of "Eminent Victorians. " The 
detached and philosophical intellect of 
a Strachey Mr. Raymond may never 
achieve, but he has advanced materi- 
ally in intellectual power and in mel- 
lowness of judgment. The present vol- 
ume may not be history, but it is very 
good political and social annals. Tlie 
essay on "Old and New .lournalists" 
shows that Mr. Raymond is much too 
able a journalist to bp merely a jour- 

Robinson, Edwin Arlington, "Col- 
lected Poems." Macmillan. Toronto. $4. 
The Boston 'Transcript says that "in 
Mr. Robinson American poetry has its 
lu'ofoundest voice, its deepest vision, 
its most enduring utterance." Those 
to w^hom poetry is already beautiful 
sound will not agree, but few of them 
will dispute the claim of this writer 

to a large measure of attention from 
the students of the contemporary 
movement. Extended review later. 

Rostand, Edmond, "Plays of Edmond 
Rostand," translated by Henderson 
Daingerfield Norman; two volumes; 
illustrated by Ivan Glidden; vol. 1, 
■Romantics," "The Princess Par 
Away. ''The of Samaria,'" 
"Cyi-ano of Bergerac;" vol. 2, "The 
"Eaglet." "Chanticleer." Macmillan, 
Toronto. $10.50 t'he set. Mrs. Norman 
is ingenious and tasteful, and has done 
as good a job as one could expect In 
the effort to parallel Rostand's sonor- 
(uis verse with a slightly American 
English rhyming pentameter. The 
book will doubtless find a good re- 
ception among those "study clubs" 
composed of ladies with more time 
and money than linguistic ability. The 
illustrations are rather far from being 
worthy of the subject. 

.lillllllllN, l!f_"J. 



Among Authors and Bookmen 

Majiii LdiiKslaff K.K.G.S. has nearly 
poniplcteii .several series of slioit es- 
says on "Vancouver and its Several 
Meanings"; "The West Coast of Van- 
couver's Island". "The ("olumbia River 
from its Source to the Sea", "Potlatch 
and the Coast Indians", "History of 
Pacific Squadrons from the Earliest 
Days". He has moved into his new 
home. "Seal)ank." 50 Island Drive, Gon- 
zales Hill, Victoria. B.C., where there 
is ample room for his collections of 
maps, charts, books and photos of 
British Columbia. 

The Ottawa Branch of the Authors 
Assocoiation gave its first monthly din- 
ner on December 13th. at the Daffodil, 
inider the directorate of Messrs. Lloyd 
Roberts, Edward Sapir and Alfred 

Mr. Jules Helbronner, formerly ed- 
itor in chief of La Presse, Montreal, 
died in Ottawa, on November 25. He 
was 77 years of age. Mr. Louvigny 
de Jlontigny, of the Ottawa Execu- 
tive, is a son-in-law. 

Mr. Remi Tremblay, a veteran of the 
pen. has been superannuated. He was 
senior head translator of the House of 
Commons. He will travel in the West 
Indies during the winter, with Mrs. 

During the Canadian Authors' week, 
elocution and composition contests 
were held in all the bilingual schools 
of Ottawa. The winners will be pub- 
licly "crowned" during December. Mr. 
Jules Tremblay will be the speaker at 
that meeting. His topic will be French 
Canadian literature. 

The contests on Canadian literary 
topics will be held in January in the 
English schools of Ottawa, both public 
and separate. Dr. Duncan Campbell 
Scott is in charge of arrangements, 
with a committee. 

Mr. Francis J. Audet, of the Ar- 
chives, is preparing a biograhy of 

Mr. Antonio Proulx, of the Carnegie 
Librar^■. will shortly publish a com- 
edy in book form. 

Many prizes have been subscribed 
for the close of the literary contests in 
the Franch schools of Ottawa. These 
prizes comprise medals. Canadian 
hooks and money. All told, about two 
hundred pupils may expect a recom- 
pense among the 6.000 odd schoolboys 
and girls. 

Ottawa Authors' Week was a great 
success, if one may count success in 
terms of !co-ope(i'ation on the part 
of the Booksellers, editorials from the 
Press and enthusiasm at the meetings 
addressed by various members of the, 
As.sociation. Dr. Sapir gave a very 
scholarly lecture before the Women's 
Club. Mrs. Ashton f Beatrice Em- 
bree) spoke early in the week to a large 
and enthusiastic audience. On Thurs- 
day, November 25, the President, Mr. 
Stead, made an address at the recep- 
tion given to Her Excellency Lady 
Byng. and also on the following day. 
before the Women's Canadian Club. 
Oa Saturday, Mr. Jules Tremblay and 

Dr. Sapir were the guests of Ivonour 
at the Women's Press Cluli and both 
made interesting addresses on the sub- 
ject of Canadian literature. 

Lloyd Roberts had a particularly 
))k"asing poem in a recent number ol' 
the Windsor Magazine. 

A thrdilling .serial with a very or- 
iginal idea, by Madge Macbeth, is be- 
ginning in the December issue of 
"National Life". 

It is rumored that a curtain-raiser 
by Mrs. Osborne will be produced at 
the next Ottawa Drama League Per- 

Professor W. T. Allison, Vice-Pres- 
ident for Manitoba and Saskatchewan 
of the Canadian Authors' Association, 
visited liegina on November 19 and 
was successful in forming a branch 
of the As.sociation. He addressed an 
enthusiastic meeting of those interes- 
ted in the Staff Room of the Normal 
School whereupon it was determined 
to name officers to carry on until 
Saskatchewan shall be given a Vice- 
President of her own as Professor Al- 
lison promised she would be at the 
coming national convention of the As- 
sociation. The officers appointed 
were: President, Austin Bothwell; 
Vice-President, Dr. W. W. An- 
drews: Secretary, Miss C. E. Sheldon- 
Williams; Treasurer, Miss Pithie; Ar- 
chivist. J. R. C. Honeyman; Executive 
Committee, Mrs. Murdoch MacKinnon. 
Mrs. Salvorson and Dr. J. S. Huff. 
The new branch was formed in en- 
thusiasm and will go forward with 

Mrs. Nellie McClung has written a 
letter to Mrs. Francis F. Reeve. (Ono- 
to Watannal, in which she states that 
she has sold Mrs. Reeve's new novel, 
"Sunny-san." to the London publishers, 
the Hutchinsons. both as a book and 

a serial. The Jublicalion will begin in 
.January. The novel will be published 
in New York and Canada by the 
George W. Doran Company, and i.s 
being dramatized for i)Iay purposesby 
William Mack, author of "Tiger Rose." 
Kick In, etc. 

A vei-y valuable service in connec- 
tion with Canadian Authors' Book 
Week was performed by the two prin- 
cipal libraries of Victoria, B.C.. the 
I'rovincial Library and the Public Li- 
brary. These energetic institutions 
collaborated in the preparation of a 
check list of Canadidan books in tlie 
possession of either or both of them, 
so that residents of Victoria can now 
without difficulty obtain a complete 
knowledge of the Canadian literary 
inoducts that are available to them in 
tlieir chief libraries. 

Dr. George H. Locke, the Chief Li- 
brairian of Toronto Public Library, 
offered^ five prizes of Canadian books 
to the pupils of the Huraberside Col- 
legiate Institute, Toronto, for excel- 
lence in essays written on Canadian 
subjects, to be completed by the close 
of Canadian Autliors' Week. This 
school is in the part of the city served 
Ijy the Western Branch of the Public 
Library, which branch is unique in 
Canada in having a large High School 
library in its building and used by the 
teachers and pupils of this Collegiate 
Institute. It is a great success. 

The scope of the Canadian Authors' 
Week propaganda is admirably exem- 
plified by a postcard which has reach- 
ed the headquarters of the Associa- 
tion from Cincinnati, and which bears 
the following inscription: "From the 
Montreal News in the Cincinnati 
Times-Star I note that you are launch- 
ing the Canadian Book Rack. Please 
send me a copy of advertising or other 
information. It will fill a need." 


Author of "Valley of Gold" 



New Members of the C.A.A. 

January, 1922. 

Life Member. 

2 Stuart. Sir Campbell, 1 Hyde Park Gardens, London, 

Regular Members. 

248 Abbott. D. Maude E. McGill University, Montreal. 

249 Anderson, Mrs. Clara R. 255 Mckay St.. Ottawa. 

250 Allen. Mrs. Constance Emily, Ganges, B. C. 

251 Archibald, Miss R. M. P. O. Box 351, Nolpelle, N. S. 

252 Ashton, H. 1886-11.16 Ave. N. Vancouver B. C. 

253 Sherton. D. N. H.. 51 Common St., Montreal. 

254 Atkin. Miss G. Murray, 550 Sherbrook St. West. Mont- 


255 Anocough. Mr. Francis. 6 Pekin Road. Shanghai. China. 

256 Baker, N. K., Gaspereau Schon, London, E.ngland. 

257 Barnjum F. J. D., Annapolis Royal N, S. 

258 Baiffield, M. A. C, P. O. Box 441, Victoria, B.C. 

259 Beeston. Chas. E., Chatham, Ont. 

260 Benester, Margaret, 204 Nassau St.. Winnipeg. 

261 Bothwell. Au.sten, 2904 Hill Ave., Regina, Sask. 

262 Bowen. Mrs. Minnie. 202 Queen St.. Sherbro,okc. liue. 

263 Brooks, Miss Lillie A.. 409 Manning Ave., Toronto. 

264 Brown, A. H., 127 Howland Ave.. Toronto. 

265 Buckley. M. A. H.. University Club Ont.. Ottawa. 

266 Burnett Sr., Frank. 4th Ave, Blanca St.. Vancouver, 

B. C. 

267 Burton. H., 472 St. Catherine St. W., Montreal. 

268 Campbell, A. C, Box 85, House of Commons, Ottawa. 
260 Carman A,. R., c-o Montreal Daily Star Montreal. 

270 Carmichael, A.. 193 St. Anne St., Victoria, B.C. 

271 Carr, Miss Alice M., 72 Yorkville Ave.. Toronto. 

272 Carrell, Hon. Frank, Grande AllSe Apts.. Quebec. 

273 Cantley, Mrs. Mabel McLean, 10023, 106th St., Edmon- 

ton, Alta. 

274 Charlton, H. R. 8 Sussex Ave., Montreal. 

275 Chant, C, 201 Madison Ave., Toronto. 

276 Clarkin, Mrs. L. G., 49 Upper Hillsboro St., Charlotte- 

town, P.E.I. 

277 Clement. R. I., The Barrere. B.C. 

278 Clergue. Miss G.. 597 Sherbrooke St. W.. Montreal. 

279 Coats. Miss Phyllis. 48 Robertson Ave., Chatham, Ont. 

280 Cochrane. Mrs. Grace 6.28, Union Ave., Montreal. 

281 Cooke. Britton B.. 39 Third St., St. Lambert, Que. 

282 Cooper. Miss Kate M., 96 Columbia Ave., Westmount. 


283 Cornell, Miss Carolyn, 8 St. Mary's Place, Winnipeg. 

284 Coxwell, Mona H.. 246 Heath St. (Apt.), Toronto. 

285 Coyne, J. H., 95 Metcalfe St., St. Thomas. 

286 Crowe, Miss Leslie, Box 41, Souris, Man. 

287 Cumming, L. P., 112 Cross St.. Chatham, Ont. 

288 Cumming, Robert D.. Ashcroft, B.C. 

289 Currie, Sir Arthur W., McGill University Montreal 

290 Dalton, Miss Ann C 34th Ave. Granville S' Vancou- 

ver, B. C. 

291 De Soyres. Miss M. G.. McLean Publishing Co.. 128 

Bleury St., Montreal. 

292 Dunn Jr., J. P.. 30 Jeffrey St.. Chatham. Ont. 

293 Duthie J. D.. 287 Shence St., Winnipeg. 

294 Dyas, Miss A. E., 8 Hooper Ave., Centre Island, Toronto. 

295 Etts. Canovan, H. W., 521 Linton Ave.. Victoria, B.C. 

296 Edwards J. Plimisol. 78 Seymour St., Halifax, N.S. 

297 Ermatinger, C. O., 48 Stanley St., St. Thomas. Ont. 

298 Rerres, James, 131 Stanley St.. Montreal. 

299 Folev. Miss Pearl. 618 Hanlans Island, Toronto. 
:wn Forsyth. R. B.. 1037 Craigdouroch .Road, Toronto. 

301 Eraser, Alexander, 67 Woodlawn Ave. W., Toronto. 

302 Frechette, K. C. Achille. 67 Somerset St. W., Toronio. 

303 Frechette. Mrs. A., 67 Somerset St. W.. Toronto. 

304 Frencli,, D. S., 4 Constance St., Toronto. 

305 Gendreau. H. N.. 510 Coristine Bidg., Montreal. 

306 Gerard, Rodolph, 363 Daly Ave., Ottawa. 

307 Gnaedinger. Mrs. J.. 276 Pine Ave. W., Montreal. 

308 Gordon. Alfred. 68 Hutcrest Ave., Montreal West. 

309 Gordon. Mrs. Charlotte, 1033 19th Ave. West, Calgary 


310 Gordon, Prof. A. R.. Presbyterian Cottage, 67 McTavish 

St., Montreal. 

311 Grindley, T. H., Gardenvale, P.Q. 

312 Gurd, Norman, 431 North Christma St., Sarnia, Ont. 


313 Hargadon- Michael A., 354 Elm Ave.. Westmount, Mont- 
314. Harpell. J. J., Garden City Press, Gardenvale, 

315 Harrold, E. N., 292 Bronson Ave.. Ottawa. 

316 Henderson Mrs. C. D. A.. 2150 Oak Bay Ave<, Victoria. 

B. C. 

317 Henderson. H. S.. 869 Humboldt Et.. Victoria, B.C. 

318 Hickman. Mrs. Mary D.. 71 Spring Garden Rd.. Halifax. 

319 Hickson. Miss A. Beatrice 20 Ontario Ave.. Montreal. 

320 Hoare. J. E.. LTniversity Club. Montreal. 

321 Hodgens. >forris, Macdonald College. P. O.. Que. 

322 Hodgens. S. R. N.. St. Anne de Bellevue, Que. 

323 Holmes. D. T. K.. 287 King St. W., Chatham, Ont. 

324 Hooper. Ronald, Dept. of Labour. Ottawa. 

325 Imrie, Mrs. Ethyl Mac, Somenos P. O. Vancouver Is- 

land, B.C. 

326 Ingraham. Mrs M. K. Acadia Univer.. Wolfville N. S. 

327 James. Fred. Room 304 Norlite Building, Ottawa. 

328 Jefferys. C. W.. York Mills. Ont. 

329 Johnson A. E.. M. A., Manitoba Agriculture College, 


330 Johnson. Main. Treetops, I'ort Dover, Alta. 

331 Keith. Fraser. S., 176 Mansfield St. Montreal. 

332 Kennedy, H. A., 16 Lome Ave, Montreal. 

333 Kerrif. Miss Esther W.. 300 Pine Ave. W., Montreal. 

335 Knister, Raymond. R, R. No. 1, Blenheim. Ont. 

336 Lancefield. Miss Agnes I.. Public Library. Windsor. Ont. 

337 Lauriston, Mrs Victor, 35 Standley Ave.. Montreal. 

338 Lizars. Miss or Mrs. K. M.. No. 20, 152 Bloor St. W. 


339 Louks. Mrs. Olive M.. 19 Oswald Crescent. Toronto. 

340 Lore. John L.. 3 Webb Ave., Toronto. 

341 Lynde, C. J. Macdonald College P. O., Que. 

342 MacGibhon, D. A., University of Alberta, Edmonton. 

343 Macgregor, Mrs D. C, 356 Queens Ave, London, Ont. 

344 MacMillan, Dr. Cyrus W., 836 Oxenden Ave. Montreal. 

345 MacPhee, Rev. John P.. M. A., Monrovia, California 

U. S. A. 

346 Magee. Robert W.. 97 Dixon Ave., Toronto. 

347 Mallory, J. A.. 46 Bloor St. W.. Toronto. 

348 Marshall. E. K., Portage la Piairie, Manitoba. 

349 Marshall, W. E.. Bridgewater, N. S. 

350 Massey. Vincent. 71 Queen's Park. Toronto. 

351 McArthur. Peter, Appin, Ont. 

352 McCall, E. R.. 293 Queen St.. Chatham, Ont 

353 McCready, Arthur L.. 32 Bedford St., Chatham 

354 McKeough, Dr. G. T.. Bleinheim. Ont. 

355 McLean. Rev. D A., Box 259, Ladysmith, B. C 

356 McLennan. Hon. J. S.. Petersfield. Sydney. N 

357 McMillan. Mrs. W. W., 146 Hargreave St 

358 Milner, L. D., 136 Slater St., Ottawa 

359 Miner. Jack, Kingsville, Ont. 

360 Mitchell, J. O'H.. 81 Inglis St.. Halifax. N. S. 

361 Mitchell. Victor. The Advertiser. London. Ont. 

362 Monckton. G. F.. R. M. D. 1. Royal Oak, Victoria. B.C. 

363 Morgan, H. R.. 18 Chislett St. Brockville, Ont. 

364 Murphy. Miss Louise, 9 Summorville Ave.. Montreal. 
364 Mustard. Dr. W. P., Johns Hopkins University. Haltimoro 

Md.. U.S.A. 

366 Nobbs. Percy E. 38 Belvidere Koart Westmount. 

367 Norwood. Rev. Dr. R.. Overbrook. Philadelphia. Pa 
36X O'Leary. Mr. Grattan, 39 Woodlawn Ave.. Ottawa. 

369 Pantazzi. Mrs. Ethel. 221 George St.. Toronto. 

370 Parker. R. U.. 60 Victoria Road. Halifax. N S. 

371 Parsons. Mrs. H.. 214 Keewatin Ave.. Toronto. 

372 Pattinson. R. L., Chatham. Ont. 

373 Pease. Mrs. O. C. (Mary A.snes). Editor I.O.D.K 

238 Bloor St.. Toronto. 

374 Perry. Miss M. E.. 1627 Wilmot Place, Oak Bay. ^■ictoria. 
"75 Phelps, A. L.. Wesley College. Winnipeg. 

376 Pimm, Mrs. Ella G.. The Washington. 9 St. Matthew St.. 

377 Pocklington. Mrs. K., Stettler, Alta. 

378 Raymond. Mrs. W. E.. 159 Germain St.. St. John. N. B. 

379 Reaman. Dr G. E., Y.M.C.A. College. 

3S0 Redpath, Mrs. W.. 152 Bloor St. Westi Toronto. 
321 Rice. C. P.. 375 St. Catherine St. W.. Montreal. 

382 Roe. J. Sydney 424 Laurier Ave. W.. Ottawa. 

383 Rorke, Miss Louise R.. Apt. 14. 43 Metcalfe St., Toronto, 


384 Ross, Miss E, M„ Queen St.. Truro. N.S, 





.laiuuirv, \'.i-2-2. 



385 Rossie. M. \V. L'3 UoxbiiniiiKli St. West, Torcnitu. :'i; 

386 Rowcll. Mrs. Alberta Jeiin, Box 456. London, Ont. !I7 
3fi7 Koy. ReBis. Minist^ie <le la Marine et des Pechories. Ot - US 

tawa. H9 

388 Sander.son. A. M.. -16 Colboriie St.. Toronto, Ont. I UO 

389 Saxe. Miss Mary S.. Librarian, Westmount, Que. llll 

39U Scott. H. I'.. Windsor, N. S. 102 

391 Scott, S. D.. 395 14th Ave. W'est, Vancouver. 1U3 

o92 Scullard. Thos.. (.'liatham. Ont. 104 

393 Sharnian. Mrs. H. B.. 67 Queens l^ark, Toronto. 105 

394 Shaw, Mrs. A. de B., 2321 Lee Ave, Victoria, B.C. 106 

395 Sheldon-Williams, K.. 1039 Yates Street. Victoria, H. C 107 

396 Sibley. Thas. L., 491 Melrose Ave., Montreal. lOS 

397 Smith, Capt. ,1. Gordon, 111 Medina St„ Vic-toria, B. C. 109 

398 Smyth. Aichdeacon I'aterson, 160 Windsor St.. Montreal. H" 

399 Sprott. A. !•'.. 383 Church St., Toronto. Ill 

400 Spry. Graham, 71 Cornish Ave., Winnipeg. 112 

401 Stansfield, Dr. A., McGill University, Montreal. 113 

402 Stefansson. V.. Har\-ard Club. New York. 114 

403 Stevens. Kred B., 61 Dover St.. Chatham, Ont. 115 

404 Stevenson. Rev. H. R., St. Philip's Reetory. 8 Ainslie Rd. 116 

Montreal West. Que. 117 

405 Stroud. Mrs. H Wallace. 439 Mackay St., Montreal. 

406 Swayne, C. R. C, 645 Battery St., Victoria. B. C 118 

407 Thomas, H. M',, Wesley College, Winnipeg. 119 

408 Thorburn. Mrs. .1. W., 209 Queens Ave.. London. Ont. 120 

409 Towers, Graham F.. Head Office Royal Bank of Canada. 121 

Montreal. 122 

410 Trigger. Dr. T. C. 580 Talbot St., St. Thomas. Ont. 

411 Trill. Hew. 4905 Sherbrooke St.. Westmount. Q>ie. 123 

412 Waddington. .John F.. 407 Riverdale Ave.. Ottawa. 124 

413 Walker. Mrs. C. P.. 771 Dorchester Ave.. Winnipeg 125 

414 Weaver. Findlay I.. 51 Wellington St. E.. Toronto. 126 

415 W'etherall J. E..60 Hillcrest Drive. Toronto. 127 

416 Wetherall, Mrs. J, E., 60 Hillcrest Drive, Toronto. 128 

417 White. Miss CJertrude L.. 280 Old Orchard Ave.. Montreal. 129 
41.S Whitton. Miss Charlotte. 504 Confederation Life Bldg, 130 

Toronto. 131 

419 Williams. M. K.. 44 Trafalgar Ave., Montreal. 132 

420 Willison, Sir .John S., 10 Elmsley Place. Toruiito. 133 

421 Woiidworth. M. A.. Kentville. N. S. 134 

422 Wright. H. W.. University .if Manitoba. Winnipeg 135 

423 Young. A. H.. Trinity College. Toronto. 136 

1 ^7 

77 Applelon. F. F., 265 Adelaide St. W.. Toronto. i.^s 

78 Archibald. E. J.. 39 2nd St.. St Lambert, Que. 139 

79 Argue. Prof. Fletcher. Wesley College, Winnipeg. 140 

80 Arnold, B. B., 130 Grand Ave. East. Chatham. Ont. 141 

81 Barr. Arthur E.. 182 Windsor St.. Montreal. 142 

82 Barr, .John, Ford. Ont. 143 

83 Bennett. .J. C. S.. C. P. R. Windsor Station. Montreal. 144 

84 Black. Mrs George, 615 Pender St. W.. Vancouver. 145 

85 Boyd, Edward ,J.. 740 Bloomfield Ave., Outremont, Que. 

86 Brown. Arthur W.. 106 Niagara St., Winnipeg 146 

87 Bryden Miss Margaret H 10140 108th S.t. Edmonton Alia. 147 
S8 Buchanan. Dr. Daniel, 1980 35th Ave. W.. Vancouver. 148 

89 Burton, W'm. A, 655 Niagara St„ Victoria, B. C. 149 

90 Carlyle, Miss Anne. 187 Gerrard St. East. Toronto. 150 

91 Caron. J. B. T.. 195 Waller St.. Ottawa 151 

92 Church. Miss Elizabeth. 85 Grand Boule\-ard.. Montreal. 

93 Clayton. Mrs. E. H.. 318 Waverley St.. Ottawa. 152 

94 Cox, Mrs. C. B.. 378 Gladstone Ave, Ottawa, Ont. 153 

95 Crawford, E. H.. Room 430. Y.M.C.A. Winnipeg. 154 

Cumming. Miss .lanet L., 83 Simpson St., Montrt^al 

Davidson. Miss Maud. 1503 4th St. West, Calgary. 

Doran, George H., 244 Madison Ave., New York. 

Doyle, Miss M. E„ 218 Wood Ave., Westmount. 

Fitzmaurice. J. B., "Province" Office. Vancouver, 

Fraser, Miss Gertrude, Pilot Mound, Man. 

Garland. Miss M. A.. 67 Furby St., Winnipeg. 

Gundy. S. H., 25 Richmond St. Toronto. 

Harris, H., 115 Government St., Victoria. B. C. 

Hearn. Mrs. Charles C, 332 6th St., Brandon. Man. 

Herbin. .John Frederic, Wolfville. N. S. 

Hickson, Miss Beulah, 411 Simcoe St.. Winnipeg. 

Hughes, Violet M„ 159 Kennedy St., Winnipeg. 

Hume, Miss Annie I.. Public Library. Walkerville, Ont. 

.Jackson, Miss Henrietta, 247 Balmoral St,, Winnipeg. 

.larvis, A. H., 157 Bank St., Ottawa. 

Lauriston. Mrs. Victor, 35 Stanley St., Chatham, On I. 

I^nt. Miss Geneva, 2010 5th St. West. Calgary. 

Lent. Mrs. W. F. W.. 2010 5th St. West. Calgary. 

Leprohon. Col. E., 85 Fort St.. Montreal. 

Litchfield, H. O., 1109 Grosvenor St„ Victoria. B. C. ' 

Liddell. Mrs. ,Iohn H.. 4453 Western Ave., Westmount, 

London. F\ G.. 1021 Logan Ave., Toronto. 

Low, Miss Mildred, Box 87, Ste, Anne de Bellevue, Que. 

Macleod, ,1. ,1. R.. University of Toronto. 

McClelland. ,Iohn, 215 Victoria St., Toronto. 

McLaren, Mrs. H., Apt. 13. 670 Sherbrooke St. W.. Mob 

Mason, Dr. L. B.. 811 Somerset Block, Winnipeg, Man. 

Mitchell, Mrs. Minnie M.. 303 Ashland Ave., Winni|)«g. 

Morris, .1 M., 355 Mountaiir St., Montreal. 

Musson, C. J., 263 Adelaide St. W.. Toronto. 

Mustard. Miss E. M.. 122 Emma St., Chatham, Ont. 

Mustard. Dr. ,1. W.. 122 Emma St. Chatham. Ont. 

O'Hara, Geoffrey. 25 Post St. Y'onkers, N. Y. 

Pearce. Mrs. Chas. A.. 82 Edison Ave.. St. Lambert. Que. 

Poole. Miss M., 45 McGill College Ave.. Montreal. 

Reid. Miss .1. S.. Public Library. Chatham. Ont. 

Riley. Mrs. A. Maude. 1011 17th St. N.W.. Calgary. 

Riley, Miss Margaret L., 1302 8th Ave. N.W.. Calgar.v. 

Sandwell. Mrs. B. K. 38 Third St., St Lambert, Que. 

Sedg-wick. Dr. G. G.. University of B. C. Vancouver. 

Semple. iSliss Stella G.. 4021 Dorchester St. W.. West- 

Shearwood. Mrs. F. P.. 120 Aberdeen Ave.. Westmount. 

Shewan. Mrs. Alexander, Brandon. Man. 

Smith. C. Gordon. 515 Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg. 

Smith, G. H.. Public School Inspector. Chatham. Ont. 

Stewart. Mrs. T. de Grey. 464 Wood Ave.. Westmount. Que. 

Storer, Mrs, E. L.. Box 167. Moose Jaw. Sask. 

Suckling. Mrs. H. E.. 14 Forden Ave,, Westmount, Que. 

Tallman, Mrs, Andrew .1., 307 Royal Alexandra Apts., Win- 

Thompson, Miss Alberta, 797 Broadway. W'innipeg. 

Thompson. Harold W.. 1402 C. P. R. Building. Toronto. 
Thomson, Miss Norah, 1 Wilcox St.. Toronto. 

Toon. Benjamin M.. 316 Richards St.. Vancouver. 

Walker. E. W.. The Ryerson Press, Toronto. 

Walters, Miss Lily E., Y.M.C.A. Library. 127 Drummond 

St.. Montreal. 
Watson. Sydney B.. 77 Wellington St. West. Toronto. 
W'harton, Lewis. 4575 7th Ave. West. Vancouver. 
White. Mrs. Jean H.. 539 Third St.. Brandon. 



January, 1922. 




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February, 1922 


d Lif. 

STUDENTS of the human mind 
have often remarked upon the 
skill with which most men can 
confine their various activities 
within watertight, or emotiontig'ht, 
hoxes. The business man can prac- 
tice one morality on the exchange 
and quite another in the family 
circle. The painter, whase sense of 
beauty is apparent in his pictures, 
can live in a house from which all 
sense of beauty seems to have been 
excluded, and the lover of the 
drama too often confines his dra- 
matic art within the walls of the 

But if art is to be any good to us 
or to anyone it must become a part 
of our normal lives, not something 
kept in a box, looked at now and 
again aa something too rare and 
beautiful for everyday use, and 
then locked up again. It must be 
an active and everpre-sent influence 
on everything we say or do. The 
revival of the dramatic qualities of 
everyday life is one of the 
objects which may well engage our 
thoughts, for today the drama Ls 
too theatrical and life Ls not suffi- 
ciently dramatic. (It is, of course, 
occasionally melodramatic, but that 
is another thing. A holdup in a 
bank or a murder trial are not 
really dramatic, even if they are 
"staged" in the newspapers). 

It was not always so. The drama 
in its origin was a I'eligioiTS func- 
tion which required the participa- 
tion of the whole people. The cere- 
monial dances and dramas of sav- 
age people are not mere amiising 
shows to entertain an audience. 
They are great national functions 
on which depend the well-being of 
every individual in the nation. To 
take part in them is a. distinction. 

To the anoient Greeks the drama 
was a religious ceremony in honor 
of the gods as well as for the edifi- 
cation of the people. Even their 
pantomimes were in honour of 
Dionysios and so important was at- 
tendance that the fees of those who 
could not afford to pay were paid 
for them by the state. The Greek 
religion was full of drama. All the 
religious festivals were dramatic. 
The great five-yearly Panathenaic 
festival was. as its name indicates, 
a 'bond of all who owed allegiance 
tp Athena, and was intensely dra- 
matic. In later Roman times the 
mysteries revealed at Eleusis, of 
whose consoling power Cicero 

rama an 

writes so strongly, were almost cer- 
tainly conveyed through a religious 
drama, and there is good reason to 
believe that the rites of the first 
Christian Church were dramatic. 

Today we have little of such 
drama. The coronation of the 
King is indeed a great dramatic 
ceremonial in which the central 
figure is solemnly and symbolically 
devxjted to his great task as the 
accepted representative of the 
British Empire, and we have a few 
similar ceremonials ruled by long 
tradition which still preserve a 
dramatic quality but, especially in 
this country, they are very few. 

We "Anglo-Saxons," as we are 
sometimes called — people in the 
main of British descent — are pos- 
.sibly the least dramatic people in 
the woi-ld. In this we are far be- 
hind all other civilized people. The 
French or the Italians, for instance, 
can and do manage their public 
functions in a dignified and well 
arranged waj'. Even the Germans, 
if one may whisper the name, are 
far ahead of us in this. Their man- 
agement of the numerous "fests" 
which they celebrate is always ex- 
cellent. But we have only to at- 
tend any public function in this 
country to see a model of bad stage 
management. If it is possible to 
do a thing the wrong way one may 
depend on seeing -it done. Indeed, 
to many, this slovenly and tawdry 
setting of a public function seems 
to afford a positive satisfaction. 
"Away with all this unreal, play- 
acting folly." they cry. "Let's get 
down to something practical." And 
then only too often they engage in 
another bit of .sharp practice. 

Are we really ashamed to manage 
our ceremonials properly? Are we 
really ashamed of beauty in our 
actions or in our lives? What is 
worse, do we not all too often ridi- 
cule these things in others and so 
deprive them, and ourselves, of a 
great deal of pleasure? 

These are sad statements and 
grave accusations and should bo 
backed up by proof. My only re- 
gret is that the proof must be de- 
rived from what I have seen myself 
and therefore involves corpora- 
tions for which I have the utmost 
respect, and even affection. 

In laying before you the mis- 
deeds of the City of Montreal and 
of McGill University I do not single 
them out as conspicuous offenders. 

They may indeed be better than 
many others, and I have no doubt 
that your own experience will en- 
able you to supply similar examples? 
from your own city. 

At the armistice we had, of 
course, a peace procession in Mont- 
real. The results, if not alto- 
gether unexpected, were very in- 
structive. It was a very long pro- 
cession, very much too long, with a 
tail that trailed behind, growing 
gradually weaker and weaker. It 
had, to use a stage expression, no 

The military part was. as usual, 
orderly and dignified, if not dra- 
matically striking. By far the most 
beautiful group was that formed 
by the Indians fix)m Caughnawaga. 
Riding their untidy little horses, 
white, grey and piebald, in brown 
leather coats and leggings, with 
feathers of dirty white and black 
and pink, they drifted down 
through the crowd like a swirl of 
autumn leaves. They were all 
browns and greys and reds and dull 
quiet colours. They were not in 
the least theatrical, but they were 
very dramatic. 

Next in beauty were the Chinese 
group with, as the chief figures, two 
horsemen in very gorgeous array. 
Their feathers must have been six 
feet long, of a vivid pink. The 
group was bright and gay with 
clear blues and pinks and that bi- 
zarre quality which anything ori- 
ental must have to European eyes. 
The Chinese colony of Montreal are 
not. I suppose, trained artists, yet 
their group was full of beauty. 

The Greeks made a good show- 
ing, more theatrical than the 
Indians and not quite so gay as 
the Chinese. They had a model of 
the Parthenon and though it was a 
very bad model, yet it showed a 
real reverence for their past and a 
real love of beautv. 

But these are all mere dagoes or 
Chinks or savages. Why trouble 
them? Here come the Mayor and 
the Civic Fathers of the greatest 
city in Canada. Wliat spectacle 
of Beauty! A number of uncom- 
fortable looking gentlemen in 
rather shabby tall hats and frock 
coats. Old clothes as men walking. 
They walked in an irregular kind 
of a me,ss and looked as if they 
wished that they were not there. 
Dramatically they were a horrid 
spectacle, and yet the City Council 

Februarv, 1922 


in robes and chains of gold, with 
the City banners on ahead and the 
City Charter under a canopy 
guasded by the City Police might 
be a noble and inspiring sight. But 
our popular representatives are 
perhaps not very good at this kind 
of thing. "Their minds are ta'en 
up wi' affairs of the state." No 
doubt our homes of cultured learn- 
ing will do better. Here come the 
representative* of McGill Univer- 
sity. The oldest seat of culture in 
Canada. A number of gentlemen 
in equally dingy tall hats and frock 
coats. In a lump. Their academic 
robes repose at home where moth 
corrupts, and the men of c\ilture 
are hardly to be distinguished from 
the men of affairs. 

The procession, as I have said, 
was very long, and the last half 
mile or so was composed of adver- 
tisements of every ironmonger and 
greengrocer in town, especially 
such as call themselves "Corpora- 
tions." They supplied the pathetic 
tail and gave the anticlimax which 
was inevitable. 

So the peace procession showed 
that neither the city itself nor the 
leading exponent of culture in it 
had any idea of beauty, dignity or 
dramatic suitability. 

A similar failure has to be re- 
corded of the recent Centennial 
Celebrations of McG-ill University. 
"Old McGill" was celebratins her 
hundredth birthday, and here, if 
ever, was an occasion which called 
for some dramatic representation. 
It was unfortunate that the weather 
spoiled the only really dramatic 
events, a very well arranged little 
pageant, and the students "Pete 
de Nuit." But the events which 
did come off all suffered for the 
lack of proper stage management. 
There was an Academic Proces- 
sion, in full academic dress, but, 
unffortunaitely, it was arranged up- 
side down. In eomplete inversion 
to all dra.matie propriety the prin- 
3ipal figures came first, so that the 
procession, instead of leading up to 
the -stars, t-ailed off in anticlimax 
behind them. There was also a re- 
ception in which the guests, after 
marching through miles of corri- 
dor, popped round a corner and ran 
into the Principal who was hidden 
in a boiokcase, apparently because 
no proper and dignified place for 
him to stand had even been thought 

Amid all this, let us not forget 
one good point. The football match 
wag not at all badly managed. The 

"Rooters" were well drilled, and 
their ideas were well carried out. 
At half-time a monstrous dragon 
pranced al)out the ground and waa 
nobly slain by St. George on a 
hobbyhorse. If -tJhedr professors 
were unable to rise to the occasion, 
the students did not do so badly. 

I bave already said, and I must 
?ay it again, that T do not wish to 
.sellect these corporations for par- 
ticular blame. The mournful fact 
is that there does not seem to be a 
single corporate body in Canada, 
with the exception of the Roman 
Catholic Church and the Army, 
whirh is able to conduct a public 
function with any degree of dig- 
nity, muoh of beauty. 

Yet we can do it if we try. Only 
the other day Mr. Bliss Carman 
visited Montreal and there, on the 
occasion of a public reading of 
some otf bis poems, was made the 
centre of a little pageant. A chorus 
of children, dressed as autumn 
leaves, danced round him and final- 
ly presented a wreath. "Words, 
music and dancing were all com- 
po.sed for the occasion and the 
little act of homage was mosrt ex- 
cellently done. It "wae a proper 
reception for a poet, and my only 
criticism is that not only dhildren. 
but young men and maidens, old 
men and matrons, sihould have 
danced' round the poet too. or. if 
they could not dance, should have 
given homage in some suitable way. 
You may .say that this is absurd. 
No doubt it woiild be absurd, but 
only becaiLse the young men and 
miaiden.s and tbe old men and mat- 
rons lack that dramatic feeling 
whicih would lead them to act spon- 
taneously. We have come to tbink 
of tbe drama as sonieit.hing to be 
looked at instead of as something 
to be done. We are all afraid. We 
are afraid of criticism and we are 
afraid of failure, though these are 
two things of whicili no real lover 
of tbe drama has any rigtbt to be 

Now one coiild go on forever re- 
counting examT)les such as those T 
have mentioned. Our lives are full 
of dramatic possibilities and we ig- 
nore most of them. Wlien we do 

Reference Guide of Books 
Published in Canada in 
1922 will begin in the next 
issue of "Canadian Book- 


not ignore them we do them wrong. 
The manner in whioh tlie oath is 
administered in our courts of law 
is utterly lacking in the dignity re- 
quired by the occasion. Wo sing 
"G'od Save the King" when His 
^lajesty's health is drunk, though 
the end of the entertainment is the 
only proper place. This is not a 
mark of extra patriotism, it ia 
merely a mark of ignorance. We 
are always flying the wrong flags, 
in the wrong places, and usually 
upside down. I have seen tlie flag of 
the Empire used as a tablecilbth. If 
these things arc not wo r til doing 
why do them? If they are worth 
doing, why not do them rig*ht? It 
will be a long time before our city 
Councils employ a competent mas- 
ter of ceremonies to stage manage 
their funetions, but, if we could 
only waken the spirit of the drama 
amongst us, we would insist that 
tliese thiligs be done properly. 

But the spirit of the drama i-s 
asleep. We have stout her up in 
the Theatre, where we let her gam- 
bol from time to time. And then 
we look the door. No wonder dhe 
pines away inside. The theatre is 
only one side of the drama and 
there is a larger drama, in which 
we may all be actors, which Ls quite 

There are indeed ways out. The 
Dramatic Instinct i-ooted in human 
nature refuses to be .stifled. Men 
seek satisfaction in the ceremonials 
of the "Mystic Shi-iners" and kin- 
dred bodies. You will see proces- 
sions of respectable gentlemen in 
parti-coloured sashes, banners and 
tall hats, solemnly parading our 
streets, and you will occasionally, 
perhaps, be inclined to laugh. Do 
not. They are doing nothing ridi- 
culous. They are simply trying to 
Mberate their dramatic instincts, 
their immortal instinct of "make 
l>elieve," and, if they are not doing 
it very well, it is because they and 
we have been brought up in an at- 
mosphere of repression. 

Women are more fortunate. They 
find an outlet in clothes. They are 
also a more practical and less imag- 
inative people than men and their 
dramatic instinct is not so strong. 

But these outlets are not enough. 
It is difficult to make any really 
practical suggestions. It is hardly 
practicable, for instance, to tender 
advice to the Houses of Parliament 
as to their procedure, or to the 
Courts of Law. It is .so very im- 
probable that our advice would be 
accepted. But much can be done 


Februarj-, 1922 

Books by Distinguished Authors 






Are among the Authors Represented with New Novels. 

Then there is "The Fire Bird," a narrative poem by Gene Stratton Porter; 
"Poems and Portraits," by Don Marquis ; "The Annals of a Working Life," 
by Henry Ford; "Watched by Wild Animals." by Enos A. Mills; "My Boy- 
hood," an autobiography, by John Burroughs, and other notable works of 

Some of the New Novels 


By Booth Tarkington $1.90 

This novel might be considered the third 
of the trilogy in the lives of young people 
in a middle western town. *'Penrod" — 
twelve; "Seventeen," and "Gentle Julia" — 
twenty- two. In each there are the inimit- 
able Jane, so in this book, there is the 
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By Selma Lagerloff 


Readers of discriminating taste, those 
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the work of the master as of yore, the work 
of the woma?! who was the first of her sex 
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upon whom the heaviest possible literary 
honors have been conferred. 



By H. Rider Haggard 

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By Harry Leon Wilson SI^O 

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By Alfred OIHvant 

$1.90 By Ellen Glasgow 


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this novel beside such books as "Virginia," 
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You have read Kenneth Grahame's "The 
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which the play "Peter Pan" came). Tliese 
are not published by us, so we can praise 
them with a light heart. What we are 
getting at is this — Christopher Morley's 
"Where the Blue Begins" seems to us to 
fall into the same fieneral category. 


By Wadsworth Camp $1.90 

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story is at present running seriallv in 


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Country Life Press 
Garden City, New York 

Sn /^ I T IVT r^ V ^^ Richmond Street West 


February, 1922 

if we are couti-nt to spread a real 
love .of the drama. U we uisust 
that anv little bit of formal cere 
nionial that eonK« onv \vay is pro- 
iierlv (lone. . . , 

Public Pageants, with no paid 


perfom.ere, are good things, and 
often l.rint? in a very lar^c numto 
of people, to take an m 
some liistorival eelebration, and. 
incidentally, to learn to walk 
straight Anvthinft is P«od whidh 

brings people together ui a drama 
in whi.h all are actors, for the 
greatest drama is the drama of lite, 
in whicli we are all actors, if we 
• work lor dignity ami lieauty in that 
dranm we shall have a life s work. 

Public Pageants, with no paiu ,..«-,,... .__^ ■ 

Making of an Anthylogy of Canadian Verse 

IVlaKing or ail r^ J &-r^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^_^ ,.«. the work of the Jiter 

DEACON has anticipated 
me witli an article. "Six 
Canadian Anthologies." in the De- 
ceml)er number of The Canadian 
B(X)kman. I had intended, for a 
considerable time, to discuss in a 
magazine article the history and 
aesthetic values of the various an- 
thologies of Canadian verse, but 
was conscionably preventetl from 
doing so by a peculiar circumstance. 
Though I was not hound to silence 
ahout the making of "The Oxford 
Bonk of Canadian Verse." I should 
have but "raised a row" if T had 
revealed how actually it was made. 
For the late Wilfred Campbell, 
excellent poet as he was indeed, was 
temperamentally a "stormy crea- 
ture; and for me to have told the 
world that "The Oxford Book of 
Canadian Verse" is. with respect to 
the manner of compiling it, not an 
anthology but a fortuitous concur- 
rence of poetical atoms, would hare 
been fatal to the peace of the Can- 
adian literary realm. Yet the trath 
is that "The Oxford Book of Can- Verse" is the one anthology 
that was compiled neither according 
to historv. logic, nor critical taste. 
But since Wilfred Campbell has 
died and since :\lr. William Arthnr 
Deacon, in his way. perpetuates the 
.■ritical opinion, expressed by .soane 
otlvers. that "The Oxford Book of 
Canadian Vei-se" is the best of the 
Canadian anthologies. I may be per- 
mitted to reveal the "inside" his- 
tory of the making of this anthol- 

Two othei-s. besides the late Mr 
Campbell, deserve the credit (?) 
of acknowledgment as coiupilci-s on 
the title-page of the book— :Mr. b. 
B Gundv. Canadian Representa- 
tive of the Oxford Press. Toronto, 
and mvself. :Mr. Gundy wa.s re- 
sponsible for the choosing of the 
poem.s hv Arthur Stringer and (1 
thinks the poem-s by R. W; Service, 
whi.h appear in the volume. 1 am 
responsible for the cho(«ing of 

v^c oil to 049— ahnut 40 
poems Nos. sii w --t- . 

ill told. It all happened m the 
manner in which I relate the facts. 
Rnpert Brooke had arrived in 
Toronto in 1913. and I ;vas oiJ^ 
on mv wav to meet hira at the Art.. 

and Letters Club, where that day 
he was the guest at luncheon. As 
I passed the offices of the Canadian 
Branch of the Oxford Press. Rich- 
mond Street. Mr. S. B. Gundy 
liappened to be looking out of the 
office window at the moment 1 was 
pa.ssing. He tapped on the gla^ 
and when I looked up. he beckoned 
,ne within. When I reached lura, 
he handed me a thin book, saying 
"What do von think a? that? it 
was the original printer's rough 
make-up of "The Oxford Book of 
Canadian Verse." I hurriedly or 
cursorilv examined its contents, 
and as we Iwth looked into one an- 
other's faces, we chorused, inis 
will never do!" 

I then told Mr. Gundy that I was 
on mv way to meet Brooke, and 
asked permission to take the book 
along with me. At the Arts and 
Letters Club I showed the book to 
Brooke and a group of the mem- 
hers. Thev all expressed the same 
depreciation of the volume (and 
Brooke wrote in ink on the tly- 
le^f a stanza from either his 
"Lust" or "Dust." I've forgotten 
which, and the hook is not at 
hand) . I went back to Mr. Gundy 
and told him what was the critical 
opinion of Mr. Brooke and certain 
members of the Arts and Letters 

Clnl^- . , . .^ 

"There isn't a .single poet, ex- 
cept Marjorie Pickthall, of the later 
ceneration of our poets represented 
?„ the volume." I said. "The 
book, if published as it stands, will 
he still-born, so far as sales are 
concerned and. what is worse, it 
will cause the literary world to 
Ixdieve that Canada has produced 
no poets since Roberts Lampman. 
Carman. Campbell. D. C Scott and 
Pauline Johnson gave the r>omiu- 
iou a reputation for poetical tal- 

"^""Tike it " said Mr. Gundy, 
"and' do what you can to improve 

'^ "I can't improve it without re; 
making it from beginning to end. 

T replied. . ti,,* '• 

• -But there is not time for that. 

Mr. Gundy ob.iected. 

Accordingly it was agreed that 1 

.should rush home to my library of 

Canadiana. and select forty to fift> 

poems from the work of the later 
contemporary poets, and ^^-eturn 
with the typewritten MSS. next 
dav' This I did. and while I was 
handin- over the MSS. of the poems 
Nos. 21 to' 249 (indu-sive). a bare 
memorandum note arrived from 
Wilfred Campbell, with two poems, 
apparentlv torn from a book of 
verse or "cut from a newspaper 
cui-tlv asking Mr. Gundy to add 
them" to the cf-llection. These two 
poems were Alexander Louis 
Eraser's "November" and A 
Gloaming Call." which conclude 
the verses in "The Oxford Book of 
Canadian Verse" as it finally ap- 
peared on the market. I mention 
this item merely to show the hope- 
lessly uncritical way that Camip- 
bell"" chose" the poems that mak.- 
up the book. It will not, at this 
date, hurt the sales of the oook it 
I call it. from the point of view ot 
its making, a literaiy abortion 

I have written on this matter 
solelv in the interests of literary 
historv. Why Campbell should 
have neslected to include Arthur 
Stringer and R. W. Service., 
whether ignorantly. <n- from care- 
lessness, or from prejudice. 1 do 
not kniow. Mr. Gundy. ho^.'^^eT 
made good the defect. For Mr 
Deacon I add this note-Richard 
Scrace is the pseudonym ot ilrs. 
W-illianison of Guelph. Out., whose 
verses I observed appearing in tlie 
Globe. Toronto, amongst which wa.s 
•The Foundry." No. 242 m The 
Oxford Book of Canadian Verse. 
It niav be of general Ifra^'-^i;;,*;''- 
,,t to Canadians to know that 1 
published in December. 1921. a 
booklet, recounting /he pathetic 
facts of the emigrant Wekh poet, 
who while working as a navvy on 
Sle Robert Simpson Co. building. 

Toronto, composed Jf^^^ \,i,;i 
„rim " which is No. 243 in The 
Ox ord Book of Canadian ^ erse 
Ah- booklet, which bears the title, 
'^.ov^f Pilgrim." and which^^ 
tains the poem and anotl er Jl e 
Stained Garment.' in addition to 
„ V stem- of the discovery of the 
^oet and the .stranger recovery of 

S,e poem after he had died. 

r i„ ,1 hv T C -A.llcn and Co.. Hali- 
fi Vs It too. is a cont^^^^^^^^ 
Sthe llierary history of Canada. 



February, 1922 



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C^;Y.I/>/.l \ UIHJKMAX 


An Evening at the ''Popular Heroes' Club" 

TlIK cliili-rooin wa.s rurnislicnl 
in a soUid, eonifortablc style, 
with dark panelled walls, 
plenty fxf sofas and lonngjos, and a 
i'irele of deep leather nrin-eliairs 
drawn up hefore the cheery open 
fire. Only fmir of the members 
were in the room, thongh the eloek 
on the mantel pieee jwinted to a 
• inarter past seven. 

"Hnllo? — the He-nian not here 
yet?" asked the Absinthe Drinker, 
entering the room at that moment 
and dropinn^ into a vacant chair 
by the tire. 

"No. working: still. I suppose. 
These are liis busy days, poor 
devil," yawned Lord Belg^ravia. 
turnintr round from admiring his 
reflection in^ the mirror over the 
mantel, and smoothing (1<o\\ti hi.s 
imTnaeulate frock-coat. "What do 
you think of these mauve trousers 
I hnve on tonight? Rather out of 
the ordinary, eh?" 

"You needn't hlow about them." 
exclaimed the Struggling Artist, 
you didn't earn them, you know. 
The author gave them to you. 
You're always well dressed, con- 
found it ! Look at the shabby, 
slip-s'hod togs poor old Absinthe 
and I have to wear. I hate these 
floppy bow ties, and no decent art- 
ist weal's them nowadays, anyway. 
But do you think my bosses will 
let me take it off? Not on your 

"T know — it's the same with 
me. ' ' the Cow-Boy nooded his head 
eomimifieratingly. "I have to wear 
this red flannel shirt, and bear-skin 
chaps, and big spurs, and all the 
rest of my outfit wherever I go. 
Why, some authors even make me 
lug my lariat around with me when 
T go up to town, or in !the house for 
meals . . ." 

They presented an interesting 
study in contrasts, these "Popular 
Literary Heroes," each in his popii- 
lar typical costume, and each dis- 
playing, despite their pathetic at- 
tempts to be, if only for one even- 
ing, somewihat human, their popu- 
lar typical eharaeteristics. 

Lord Belgravia, hero of a thou- 
sand "Bow Belles Novelettes"; 
the Artist and the Absinthe Drink- 
er, the darlings of London and 
Paris some thirty years ago. and 
still earning an houftst living vari- 
ously disguised in "Greenwich 
"Village" stories; the Cow-Puncher. 

lookiiiLT ontr.igeou.s^y bi-onzed and 
nia.sculiii(>, compared with the Art- 
ist's refinement and delicacy; and 
the Ordinary Man, who sat a little 
apart from tJie Popular Heroes, in 
shabby everyday clothes, a trifle 
thin and pale, and (|ni!te evidently 
ont a'i work. 

"That's one thing in wfluch the 
'O.^r.' puts it over on us," .said the 
Absintlie Drinker, noriding toward 
tlie Ordinaiy Jfan. "Even if he 
doesii 't get much attention now- 
adays, he can wear decent, ordinary 
clothes, and not fancy dress." 

"Clothes'!" boomed a deep voice 
from tlie doorway, "talking alwut 
i-lothi's? IIow would' you like to 
have to wear such stuff as this?" 

All turned' and found the Cave- 
Man standing behind them, looking 
s,) pathetically like a peramihulat- 
ing heai-thrug, with his shaggy 
bear-skins and tangled hair, that 
they bui-st into a slhoiit of laughter. 

"Oh. laugh away, laugh away," 
growled the Cave Man, peevidily 
slinging his hea'vy club into a 
comer, and sinking into an arm- 
chair. "Thank the Lord, though, 
my day is .iust aboiit over. This is 
the first job I've had in this coun- 
try since I finished up with J. M. 
Gibbon : I'll soon be able to .sit here 
all day and rest up a bit with ray 
fi-iend Absinthe." 

"Oh, but I'm not such a back 
number as you think, mon vieux," 
exclaimed the Absinthe Drinker, 
preening himself. "Haven't you 
heard that I've signed on for a 
contract with Robert W. Service? 
My dav is not done yet by a long 

"For that matter, nobody's day 
is ever — aw — quite 'done,' a.s you 
express it," remarked Lord Bel- 
gravia, languidly curling his glo.ssy 
black moustache, and warming his 
back at the fire. "We all have our 
ups and downs, our — aw — good 
days and bad ones. I myself suf- 
fered a temporarj' eclipse during 
the war. but — aw — -but I am happy 
to say tliat I am rapidly coming 
into favour again — aw — rapidly!" 

"So am I, and I wish I wasn't." 
said the Cow-Boy. angrily. "It's 
bad enough working for Zane Grey 
or Robert J. C. Stead, or any of my 
old bosses, where I know what's 
expected of me and can do the 
regulation tricks. But nowadays 
there's a bunch of voung writers 

whii ilon't. know ihi- lirst tiling 
.ihoiit cow-puncliiiig, who seem to 
tliink that they can try their hand 
"lit on me." 

Tlirre was a sympathetic chorus 
IriHii the whole group. "We all 
siitTcr from the novice, my good 
friend," .said Lord Belgi-avia. "In- 
iT('iJii)le as i!t sounds, even I have 
differed at the hands of a novice." 

"But look here, it's almoet 
eight o'clock and tlie He-man's not 
liere yet." exclaimed the Cave- 
man. "I call that going a bit too 
■far— they're workinir the m'an to 

"Oh. the He-iiiijiM has always 
Iiein po|udai\ " put in the Artist, 
n trifle jealously, perliaps. for he 
suffered* more than any of them 
from seasons of luiemployrnent. 
"It's that square, clean-cut jaw of 
liis that does the trick . . Gets 
tlie women, you know, jiLst like my 
long hair doe.s — or used to . . ." 
and he ran his delicate fingers rem- 
iniscently through Ids flowing 

"Buit I'm really worried about 
the Hie-iuan. He's a sort of half- 
cousin of mine, you see," went on 
the Cave-man. "and it'si perfectlj' 
shocking how the authors have been 
working the poor devil since the 
war began . . . Couldn't we 
form a committee, or a union, or 
something, and forward a protest 
to the 'C.A.A.', r they 're about the 
worst of¥endei-s). demanding an 
eight hour day for Popular Heroes 

At this moment he was inter- 
rupted by the entry of the He-man 
himself, who .staggered in, white 
and panting for breath, and drop- 
ped exhausted into a chair. The 
Heroes crowded round him, slap- 
ped him on the back, and poured 
out a stream of helpful advice and 

"Trv some milk-and-hot-^rater," 
exclaimed the Absinthe Drinker, 
"that's what I always take after 
my day's work: I find it most re- 

' ' No. no. for God 's sake give me 
a whisky-and-soda," gasped the 
He-man, "I'm working for a tee- 
tbtal clergj-man just now, and I 
haven 't tasted a real drink in three 
months. Give me a — oh, thanks, 
old man ! ' ' 

It was the Ordinary Man who, 



February. 1922 

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while the Heroes were busy Ulking, 
lia(i slipped from the room and 
hroug'lit tli(> drink; and wbo now 
stepped out of the <nrcle a'raiii.'hut 
remained near, followiupr tiie con- 

"P«x)r old fellow," said the 
Artist, "did tou say you were 
working for a .■lergyman?" 

"Yes!" <;ninted the ITc-man 
savaaely. ••but I'th workin? for 
about "ten thousand other people 
be,sides. All throujrh the war they 
had uie on the juuvp day and nisrht, 
now into khaki, now a sailor, now a 
iniounted policeman. And they were 
forever .sending me to the front and 
blowing me up. wounding me. 
blinding me. and kuoeking me 
about generally; but T managed to 
keep up thi-ough it all by thinknig 
of 'the jrood time after the war' 
when I'd he able to rest up a bit 

r.i \.i/>/.i V y;oo/i.U-i.\ 

He buried his faec in hi.s glas.s, 
and sighed deeply. 

"And now?" asked the Ordia- 
aiy Man. 

"Instead of that," yell.d the He- 
man, his ilein^fts evidently all on 
edge, "instead of that, I've been 
kept on the .iximp worse than ever! 
Whv, even here in Canada I've had 
no rest. First, Archie P. Mae- 
Kishnie lugs me out into the back- 
woods ; then Frederic Niven insist- 
ed on mv going out "We-st, and y<m 
■all -know how I hate the West, 
altliough my authoi-s won't let me 
say so! 'Then Arthur Stringer 
rashed me back to New York— 
that's a little more like it; ever>-- 
one likes working in New York; 
but I had hardly finished there 
when I had to dash away out to 
B.C. for alwut three separate jobs ; 
and—jast mv luck!— who do you 
lihink 'nabbed me at Winnipeg on 
my way l>ack. and near drove me 
to death?" 

His voice sounded Aandictive and 
ominous. The others exchanged un- 
easy glances. "You don't mean— 
the Cow-boy left his question un- 

"Yes!" cried the He-man. "I'm 
not the only one who has suffered, 
I see. Yes, Ralph Connor! Oh. 
wHiat a life he has led me ! Up at 
five every morning bright and 
early, dash into a cold tub and pre- 
tend I .like it "-^11 the Heroes 
shuddered- "sprint about five 
mile^ before breakfast, play foot- 
ball or some other silly game all 
morning; and then spend the r^t 
af the dav having disgraceful 
brawls with the villain, an<l rescu- 

iiicr the heroine— confound tlud 
woman anyway," he broke off, 
"she's got no more l)rains n\ lier 
head than a. kitten. Gets herscll' 
into tlH> m<xst awkward scrapes she 
can, and then expects me to come 
sailing in with niy two bare fists 
and re.s-cue her! And I can't take 
a drink, or smoke, or even swear, 
except .say 'blankety-blank' and a 
pile that relieves the feelings! And 
I'm itching to kick that sim- 
pering idiot of a woiimn all the 
time "l have to make chivalrous 
speeches to her . . ■ ugh!" 

There w:a.s a genei-al chorus of 
aawnt at this, as if all had at one 
time or another f<>llt the same way 
towards their Heroines. 

"I tell vou. boys," went on the 
He-man. plaintively, "rather tlivon 
work any more for one of ^ these 
'virile, athletic clergymen,' I d 
sooner— yes, sir, I 'd sooner sign on 
with a lady novelist!" 

But at this there was a unani- 
mous shout of protest. Cries of— 
"Nothing doing!"— "Not on your 

life I" "Once is enough for me!' 

—"Not if I can help it!"— rose 
from them all. and there was a 
general outbreak of reminiscences. 
^ "I .iust worked for a lady novel- 
ist once." said the Cow-hoy. "She 
nearlv broke my jaw first making 
me talk that idiotic Westera dialect 
that nobody ever heard spoken, and 
then she killed the best little pony 
I ever had by uiiaking me gallop 
seventv-seven miles in two hours 
and a 'hal»e to re.scue the fool hero- 

' ' Personally. I must confess that I 
am never seen to such advantage as 
when working under a lady novel- 
is!t " drawled Lord Belgravia. 

"Oh you make out all right with 
anvbodv," sneered the Artist. 
"But iiow woidd yon like to be 
set to work on a colossal master- 
piece without even being allowed to 
make so much as a sketch or a 
sinde studv for it first? Catah a 
lady novelist ever .^^^VV'^.^.^, 
think about little details like that ! 

"There was an innocent young 
creature tried to make me work 
for her once." cried the Absmthe 
Drinker. "She kept me sitting all 
nigfht in a cafe singing out every 
now and again. 'Hey, garcon an- 
other alisinthe,' until I had swal- 
lowed fifteen-^and yet she would 
not even let me get drunk on it^ 

The roar of laughter that fol- 
lowed this was broken rather unex- 
pectedly by the Ordinary Man 
"I'll tell you a good man i 


wi.rUed for one^— lives right here 
in Canada." he said, "gave me 

ni.'e short hours, work, good 
iray. no i<liotic speeelux to make, no 
h.^'roines to rescue, no fist fight-s or 
cold tu'te in tho mioming, and 
plenty to drink any time ywx want- 
ed it." 

"Who'" — roared the eiub in 
unison. ' ' who is it ? Come on, ou* 
.vith hie- name. Don't, be a piker. 
Shoot, we're listening." 

The Ordinary IVLin pau.sed. "Did 
you ever try Stephen Lea^iock ? " he 
asked. Bait iastantly there waB a 
terrific elantour. The Popular 
Heroes sprang to their feet, roanng 
with anger, and shaking their fist.s 
at the Ordinary Man. 

'^le laughs at us," shouted the 
(„w-lK>y. "He kicked us out ot 
doors'" wailed the and the 
Absinthe Drinker. "He poked me 
in the ribs!" yelled the He-man^ 
"He mocks me to my face— I, Lord 
Belgravia!" thundered that gen- 
tleman. "He called me a fraud! 
bellowed the Cave-man. 1 ash. 
you— he called me a fraud ! 

"Well, and so yo<u are," shouted 
the Ordinary M^an. "Lea«oek was 
quite right-you're all fr^uj- 
every one of you! Oh, you needn t 
sneer at me because I hardly ever 
tret a job nowadays since O. tlenrj 
died. I tell you my day's coming 
vet Look at Leacock, he 's written 
mv biography already, and I teU 
vou he made a ma.sterpiece of it. 
And mv day's coming a^ain. When 
plain John Smith will he just a. 
popular as any of you stuffed dum- 
mies and qiiacks! Do you thmk 
au*ors will be able to keep up 
their reputations on 0^1/ y^" 
freaks, you dummies, you frauds? 
l tell vou. if they don t 

start ' writing about me for a 
change; if they don-t turn to real 

life ..." 

( \t this moment, nutortunately, 
we woke up; and .so the Ordinary 
Man's dreadful threat remains, as 
usual, unheard and wrapped m ob- 

"Eric Dorn," one of the sea- 
son's conspicuous successes has 
been brought out in a Canadian 
edition by Goodchild s. 

Michael Sadleir who created 
such a sensation with 'P";>l^gj^ 
has written a new novel, the title 
of which is yet to be announced. 
Goodchild's will have the Cana- 
dian edition. 



February, 1922 

Bright, New Fiction 
for Spring 

The Authors' Names are at once an index of the 
strength and likeableness of the books— 

Bertrand W. Sinclair 

Author of "North of 



Thomas K Holmes 

Author of "The Man 
from Tall Timber" 



Archibald Marshall 

Author of "The Squire's 
Daughter," "The Hall 
and the Grange," etc. 

Ridgwell Cullum 

Author of "The Law of 
the Gun," Night Riders." 




Ruth Cummerford 

Author of "Play the 

J. B. Hendryx 

Author of "The Texan" 

Alice Duer Miller 

Author of "Come Out 
of the Kitchen" 





George Barr McCutcheon 

Author of "Graustark." 

Anthony Pryde 

Author of "Marrjucrav's 










Hanna Gartland 

Arthur J. Rees 

Author of "The Hand 
in the Dark" 

Arthur P. Hankins 

Author of "The Jubilee 

Selwyn Jepson 

Diana Patrick 

Author of "The Wider 

E. L. Sabin 

Author of "Indian 
Warriors " 

Victor Bridges 

.Author of "The Lady 
from Long Acre" 

R. G. Anderson 

Author of "Not Taps 
But Reveille" 

Walter E. Traprock 








Duel." etc. 


Edison Marshall 

Author of "The Voice 
of tlic Pack" 



Mary Johnston 

Author of "'Jo Have 






and To Hold" 

F. Brett Young 

Author of "The Black 
Diamond," etc. 

William Patterson White 

Author of "The Pioss 
of the Lazy D" 

J. S. Fletcher 

Author of "The Middle 
Temple Murder" 







YoLT Bookseller will be glad to show you these New Books 

The Ryerson Press 



Feliniruv. 1''22 

r.l.V.l/>/.I.V lUHtKMAS 


A Beautiful Backwoods Book 

No more liixiirioas pieix; of 
Iwok making lias been ap- 
[ilied to llie work of « Can- 
a<liaii writor in recent yeai-s tlian 
t'hflt which Doiibleday. Page & Co. 
have given to the 'pi-oduelion of 
Ai'thnr Ileming's "The DraiiKi of 
the Forests" (Gundy, Toronto", 
$5.50), nor can it be said that Mr. 
Ileming's work is not well worthy 
of its beautiful .setting. The only 
really certain way of procuring 
illustrations which are absolutely 
in keeping with the reading matter 
is to have them provided by the 
man who did the reading matter. 
This involves, iu many eases, a 
grave risk that the writer will 
prove defective as an illustrator or 
the artist will prove inefficient in 
prose. Mr. Ileming began life as 
aaa illustrator, and i-apidly rose to 
the leadership of hi.s profession in 
he has now developed a direct, 
simple, and nn-self-conscious style 
which is well suited to the adven- 
tures in the wilds that occupy most 
of his volume. 

It is a large book of 325 pages, 
with .13 full-page illustrations in 
colour, but it is a book which no 

lover (vf the w ilds will willingly lay 
down. Mr. Ileming knows his wild 
animals and his Indiaas and his 
habitants and trapper.s and game- 
wardens as well as anybody now 
writing about them. Furthermore, 
he has a good sense of an anecdote 
and a neat and unostentatious way 
of telling it, M-ueh of the volume 
has to do with methods of trapping, 
some of which are sufficiently start- 
New York, or at least that section 
of it which specializes in the repre- 
sentation of Wild Life. Much later 
in bis career he began to write, and 
ling to the novice. The approved 
method of obtaining marten is to 
lure the animal into a hole in the 
snow, on the sides of which are 
boards into which four nails have 
been driven so that thej^ project 
through the boards into tlie hole 
but at such an angle as to allow the 
animal to enter without trouble. 
"^iNHien he attempts to get out they 
run into his flesh, and thus dis- 
suade him from the effort. When 
the hunter arrives — the rear end of 
the marten now pro.iecting from 
the hole — ^he places two fingers of 
each hand over the four nail 
points, seizes the animal '.s tail witli 

Whose book, "The Drama of the Forest.' 


one of the season's notable issues. He is also 
represented with two articles in "The Trail- 
makers Boys' Annual." 

bis teeth, and draw.s the victim out 
liy throwing baek his head. We 
are not surprised to read that 
'■'.such work is rather, as the 
liuntcr may be bitten before be has 
a chance to kill the marten." 

The Window Gazer 

ISABEL Ecclestone Mackay lias 
done the sound and workman- 
like novel that we expected of 
her, and she ha.s been singularly 
quick about it. It seems no time 
at all siuce "Mist of Morning," 
and in the inten'al there has been 
at least one short play (done at 
Hart House), many poems, and we 

A new picture of Isabel Ecclestone McKay, 
author of "The Window Gazer. " 

fancy also three or four short 
stories. But here at any rate is 
"The Window Gazer" "(McClel- 
land & Stewart, $2.00), and it is a 
\"ery successful novel, as far from 
'■ Mist of Morning ' ' as one can well 
travel in a year or so. It is the 
ancient tale of the unconsummated 
marriage and the growth of love 
between two persons w'edded only 
in name — such a favorite fable in 
this land 'where sex relationships not be mentioned in fietion 
nnless they are l«gal. But Mrs. 
JFaekay bandies it with remarkable 
skill and sincerity, and with inuch 
less sentimentality than, for ex- 
ample, W. J. Locke, Her profes- 
sor, it may l)e, reminds us of Sep- 
tinuLs, but her wife-who-is-no-vvife 
is far more human and more ade- 
quately motivated than Locke's 
merel.y glamorous women. 

The scene is laid mainly on an 
island near Vancouver, which pro- 
vides some excellent settings, 
lieautifully described, as we should 
expect from this author-poet. It 
shifts to a small town in Ontario, 
the treatment of which suggests 

that Mrs. Mackay has powers of 
society eomed.v not yet fully 
utilized. But her most important 
new achievement is in the more 
vigorous drawing of her eharaetera 
and the skilful construction whicb 
makes her novel continuously in- 
teresting and intriguing. 

Behind the love-story of the two 
married persons, and providing 
the motive for their marriage at a 
time when love could not exist 
between them, is one of the most 
sinister pensonages ever brought to 
life by a Gauadiau fiction-writer. 
It would be grossly unfair to all 
concerned to igive away in this 
review any of the secrets pertain- 
ing to the career of Dr. Farr, the 
little old man with the frock coat 
and the large umbrella, who kept 
his lovely daughter far away from 
civilization in a tumbledown shack 
at Friendly Bay, B.C. Suffice it 
to say that he gave us several cold 
chills down our spine, which is an 
effect very seldom produced by 
Canadian writers, because it can- 
not be done without a great deal 
of technique. 



February, 1922 

Waking Up Deaf Canadians 

WE gather from the first 
sentence of Miss Agnes C. 
Laiit's ''Canada at the 
Crossroads," that in their orisinai 
form these articles wore intended 
for American consumption, not- 
withstanding the fact that they 
bear the imprint of the Macmillan 
Co. v: Canada (Toronto, $2.00). 
The first chapter begins with the 
query: "Are Americans interested 
in Canada's domestic problems?"' 
which appears to be mainly for 
Americans to answer. It does not 
much matter to wliom iliss Laiit is 
addressing lierself, providing her 
utterances are interesting,; and 
that they certainly are. Slie holds 
that the day of Sea Power is over, 
thanks to the progress of the ma- 
chinery for destroying everything 
that floats; and that the day of 
Land Power has now arrived. Ap- 
parently Miss Laut feels that witli 
Sea Power gone and Land Power 

sul)stituted, there is not much fu- 
ture for a "tight little island" such 
as England. She tells us quite 
frankly that in the typical war of 
tlie future. "England would last 
just as long as she could keep her 
sea lanes open with supplies of food 
and raw products coming to her; 
just as long as she could keep her 
fence of submarines and aeroplanes 
intact from invasion. She knows 
that now. and is preparing to pour 
her colonists iby the millions into 
Canada as a Greater Britain Over- 
seas." This Ls a hard saying for 
the Old Countiy. and make^ one 
wonder why capital lias not 
moved out to Canada even more 
rapidly than tlie colonists are pre- 
paring to. 

Miss Laut thinks that Canada is 
rather refusing to live up to her 
proper destiny as a (rreater Bri- 
tain Overseas by being grossly in- 
liospitable to non-Canadian cap- 
ital. non-Canadian labour, and non- 

Canadian Even if Can- 
ada is not destined in the early 
'future to replace Great Britain as 
the centre of Empire, there would 
still be good rea.sons wliy a country 
which needs above all things an in- 
crease in its productive power, 
sJiould be kind to industrious im- 
migrants and .iust to the caj^ntal 
and brains which foreigners are 
willing to lend it : so we can ap- 
prove of iliss Laut's sermon witli- 
out necessarily admitting the can- 
onieity of her test. The. plain fact 
is that a good many Canadians, es- 
]ieeially in the West, where perhaps 
the average Canadian is not quite 
so Canadian, need to be spoken to 
in a loud voice and an ejaeulatoiy 
manner about soine exceedingly cb- 
vioiis economic facts. ^liss Laut Is 
one of the acknowledged masters of 
the ejaculatory manner in Ameri- 
can and Canadian magazinedqni: 
and she is ejaculating in a good 
cause. — S.M. 

Latchkeys and Ladies and London 

FEW Canadians are probably 
aware of the fact that "^I. 
Grant, ' ' the author of ' ' Latch- 
key Ladies," which has just re- 
ceived a very notable acclamation 
from the critics of England, is Miss 
Marjorie Cook, formerly of IMont- 
real, and a few years asro a fre<|uent 
contributor to the University Mag- 
azine, the Canadian Magazine. 
Beck's Weekly, and others of the 
not too numerous Canadian publi- 
cations which occasionally print 
good literature. ^ Cook has an- 
other book to her credit since leav- 
ing Canad-1. a collection of sketches 
entitled "Verdun Days in Paris." 
1>ut this is her fii-st full-sized novel. 
It is published b.v William Heine- 
man. wTiose imprint is in itself as 
good a guarantee o'f quality as the 
discerning novel reader can expect. 
"Latchkey Ladies" is a very in- 
timate and sympathetic study of 
the lives of a very small group of 
young women in war-time London 
— yoiing women in jiossession of the 
token of freedom referred to in the 
title, and engaged in the struggle 
witli many problems wliich go with 
freedom and consequently liave not 
been provided with any traditional 
solutions for the benefit of the sex 
whase freedom is so recent. Some of 

these young women are unmistak- 
ably not yet competent for freedom ; 
all of them learn that it is by no 
means sjTionymoas with happiness ; 
■only in the case of Anne, the mem- 
ber of the group who is studied 
in most detail, is freedom even 
used f(ir that enrichment of char- 
acter which is probably the best 
thing it can bring to any human 
being. The story o'Mier love aft'air 
with Dampier. the un.satisfactorily- 
married literary man, is very beau- 
tiful in its restraint and its total 
lack of heroics — a story of two 
very liuman people who have their 
great moment in which tliey are as 
gods, and who sul>sequently exhibit 
all the weaknesses common to gods 
who have come back to earth. 

In the 'background of the tale 
there moves to and fro an extra- 
ordinary portrait gallery of special 
types, quite new to fiction, and un- 
doubtedly the product of direct ob- 
.servation. Several of the .scenes 
are laid in a Canadian militarj" 
office in London : others in various 
resorts of shady Boliemians. music- 
liall artists, in hospitals; and simi- 
lar out-of-the-way places. We in- 
cline to think that .such a book 
could not have been done so well 
l)y anj' author who had not the 

detached and critical viewpoint of 
the visitor coming in from another 
country ; but with that exception 
there is nothing to mark the l)Ook as 
speeificall.y Canadian. It is simply 
a very good example of the better 
tv]ie of Bi' fiction about wo- 
men bj^ women. 



I NEVER brought .so 
From any p'lace before 
As I took with me yesterday 

From that enchanting shore; 
The pun^t gold of liai)piness 
Filled every thouglit I bore. 

Now I w'iU nisake that trea.sured gold 

Into the fairest tilings 
And with them decorate the liouse 

Of any rememberings; 
^ly .soiil will linger happy there 

Among those furnishings. 


Secret Victory. 

In "Secret Victory," Stephen 
^McKenna completes the series of 
'The Sensationalist." OUane 
and Erie Lane both figure in this 
story, so that it should be linked 
up in the reader's mind with Mc- 
Kenna's great success, "Sonia." 

February. 1922 




Winners of Window and Ad. Contests 

Cloke, of Hamilton; Jarvis. of Ottawa; Thurtell, of 
Chaplin, Sask., Get Cash Prizes. 

AMONG the most alert of 
booksellers in faking full 
advantage of both Chil- 
dren's Book week and Canadian 
Authors' week, was Mr. Fred 
Cloke, of Cloke 's Bookstore. Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 

He went to a great deal of ex- 
pense in his preparations for both 
these campaigns and, as an indi- 
cation of the effective manner in 
which he went about making 
things count, the Canadian 

Chaplin. Sask., and A. H. Jarvis, 
Ottawa, for the advertisements as 
reproduced in this issue. 

Booksellers i-eport that they are 
still reaping benefits from the 
('ana<lian Authors' week and they 
were practically unanimous in re- 
l)orting materially increased de- 
mands in Christmas selling for 
hooks liy Canadian anthoi'.s. 

In Montreal the reports given 
by the booksellers were to the 
effect that about five times as 

port regarding holiday business 
was most satisfactory. 

Mr. Rutledge, head of the Mur- 
ray-Kay Co.'s book department, 
Toronto, said that they had no- 
ticed better results from the 
Canadian .Authors' Week cam- 
paign than from the Children's 
Hook Week campaign He ques- 
tioned the advisability of having 
the two* campaigns so close to- 

The department here was 
tlironsjed with people and many 

Here is a reproduction of the Caii<-idian .Authors' Week window display that won the 

cash prize of $50 awarded by the -Associated Canadian Publishers. Mr. Fred Cloke, 

of Cloke''; Bookstore. Hamilton, C)nt.. is the wiinier. 

Authors' Week $50 prize window 
display, won by Cloke 's, is repro- 
duced herewith. 

There were other good window 
displaj's in the contest, as for in- 
stance that of Phelan's Bookstore, 
Montreal, also appearing in this 
issue, and others that will appear 
in subsequent issues of "The 
Canadian Bookman." 

The $50 for the best news- 
paper advertising was equally 
divided between Thurtell 's, of 

many Canadian books were sold 
than in any previous Christmas 
trade season. 

]\Ir. Roy Britnell, of the Albert 
Britnell Bookstore, Toronto, said 
that he believed that the Cana- 
dian Authors' Week had had a 
good effect in inducing many peo- 
ple tq select Canadian books as 
might not have done so. 

The Britnell Bookshop was a 
very busy place throughout De- 
cember, and consequently the re- 

assistant clerks were engaged for 

More Slogans. 

Some of the slogans for Cana- 
dian author's week, published in 
the list appearing in the Decem- 
ber issue, but which merit pub- 
licity, are these two, submitted 
by Miss Evelyn G. Murphy, of 
Edmonton : "Canadian Authors 
Are Our Heralds of Empire," 
"Know Canada Through Cana- 
dian Books." 


CM.V-iy>/.l.\ IIOOKMAS 

February, 1922 

Give a Book a Week. 
"Buy a Book a Week" has be- 
come a widely used slogan among 
booksellers, and it is interesting 
to report this variation was used 
by a New York retail bookshop 
during the month or two before 
Christmas: "Give a Book a 
Week." "Buy a Book a Week" 
is for use throughout the year in 
connection with the Year-Round 
Bookselling Plan. Why shouldn't 
"Give a Book a Week" be extend- 
ed to the twelve-month basis? 
This is a tip for Canadian book- 
sellers to try out in their adver- 
tising this year. 


RMLIGIOITS Book week was 
observed in Canada last 
year, bnt not nearly to the 
extent that it was put acrcss in 
the U. S. This year, however, 
there are indications based upon 
preparations already going for- 
ward, to indicate that this book- 
selling event will assume far 
greater prominence in Canada. 

The dates selected are • April 
2nd to 8th. 

Publishers, booksellers, the 
churches and the press eo-oper- 
ated last year in placing the im- 
portance of religions books be- 
fore the public in the first annual 
Religious Book "Week. A greater 
effort will be made this year to 
impress upon people a realization 
of the enrichment which religious 
books give to home life. "Re- 
ligious books in the home" will be 
stressed in posters, window ex- 
hibits and special displays in book- 
stores, special articles in news- 
papers and magazines, sermons, 
book talks and book exhibits in 
churches and church organiza- 
tions, and notices in church bulle- 

Special publicity articles will 
be prepared on the romance of 
best sellers among religious books ; 
the religious books which most in- 
fluenced a certain clergyman or 
congregation during the past 
year; reading aloud in the home; 
how to interest children in read- 
ing the Bible ; and other subjects 
vital in the life of any individual 
or famiiv 

"Hidden Fires," (McClelland 
& Stewart) a new novel by Mrs. 
Patrick MacGill, is the story of a 
wife who, to maintain her invalid 
husband, works, without his 
knowledge, as a chorus girl in a 
musical comedy. 









Know Your Own People 

Let Us Help Each Other to Boost Canadian Literature. 

Nov. 19 

CANADIAN T^ ^ ^ ^ 

WEEK i.^^^» ^^ 

Fur tliis weeic we have assembled for your inspection a superb 
collection of the best books for Canadians by Canadian writers. They 
cover every subject and every province. Vou will be proud of Canada's 
place in the world of books. 



and many 



Meet Your Favorite Canadian Authors 


Thurtell's Drug and Book Store 



Children's Book Week 


Beautiful Art Books for Children. 





$1.25 each 

Girls of Miss Cleveland's (Beatrice 
Wilderness Campers 

Around the Campfire (Roberts) 

TTie Boy Tramps Across Canada 

Mrs. Strang's Children's Annual 
Mrs. Strang's Baby Annual 
"Water Babies" (beautiful illustra- 
tions), $2.00 and $3.7S. 


And Other Animal Stories — Bedtime Series 

— Mother West Wind Series — Wishing 

Stone Series — Bird and Animal Series. 

Fifteen different titles, including 
new title, "Royal Book of Oz." 

Also Bubble Record Books 

All have the effect of impressiiis art and good literature upon young minds. Our Linen and 
Painting Books— our Story Books are very comprehensive. Our stock is a surprise to all 
new customers and we want you to enjoy and profit by seeing our CHILDREN'S BOOK 
GALLERY It will be a real treat for you and the children. BRING THE CHILDREN. 


The Children's Book Shop 

157 Bank St., Ottawa 

While CHILDREN'S BOOK WEEK is every day of the year at the Children's Book Shop, 
We especially invite you during the official week— November I3th-19th. 

These two ads. were awarded $25 each. — See page 17. 

February. 1922 

rM\'.l/)/.l\ li(H)h\I.W 


Order Adequately on 

The Bridge 


Author of "The Drift of Pinions" 

"The Lamp of Poor Souls," 

Etc., Etc. 

A Story of the Great Lakes 

When you realize that even before the book has appeared for review, such quotations as 
those which follow have been made on the few advance readings (from forms) which have 
been arranged, you can picture to yourself what the reception of the book will be from coast 
to coast by reviewers everywhere, and what the effect will be when special articles, advertis- 
ing and publicity on this unusual author will flood every legitimate channel. When you 
realize this, you will know how to proportion your orders on this remarkable novel by an 
author who is acclaimed as the outstanding literary figure in Canada. 

"So far there has been talent in Canada — this is genius." 

"As great as Conrad." 

"This book is a remarkable production both in characterization and atmosphere." 

"There has come to be a new suspense in fiction — the higher suspense of human experi- 
ence, and as an example of that plot-quality 'The Bridge' is a masterpiece." 

Do you remember the amazing popularitv 
and demand for M. L. C. Pickthall's "THE 
DRIFT OF PINIONS'— poetry? Within a 
year of publication it was selling at premium. 
If a little book of verse in limited edition 
could create so much attention, what do you 
think this next book will do by the same 
author — a novel? We regard it as the 
logical successor in public favor to "If 
Winter Comes.'" It is the same sort of book 
that the public is hungry for. 




Hodder & Stoughton Limited 

263 Adelaide Street West 





February, 1922 

Year-Round Bookselling Plan 

A "HOME question hour" as 
an aid in memory traicing 
and a stepping itone to th« 
use of books is recommended by 
H. AddiTlJ-'tull ].;li\ M (':iii:idl;ill 
writer whojc wbiiicr^ouR' J<n'y 
features are syndic;.; >d in prcin- 
inent U. S. and Cmad'an innvs- 
•pax>ers. "It will mulce parents 
procure and read books of sub- 
stantial value — biitory books, 
travel books, narural s>.-ieiieo 
books, encyclopedias, and other 
.books of reference," writes Mr. 
Bruce. "Their own stock of 
knowledge will be augmented, 
their minds will become better in- 
formed and disciplined in the pro- 
cess of developing and guiding 
their children's minds. And this 
will mean to the parents increased 
satisfaction with life. It may 
mean to the father — if he shares 
with the mother, as he should, the 
task of making the question hour 
a success — ^increa.sed working 
ability, hence increased earning 

Mr. Bruce 's suggestion is in line 
with the 1922 promotion plan of 
the National Association of Book 
Publishers. "Every Real Home 
Has Books," is the slogan which 
will carry this message through 
posters, bookstore and public lib- 
rary displays and press comment. 
The idea of more books in the 
home will be featured through 
the winter months; and in suc- 
ceeding months of the year pub- 
lishers, booksellers, libraries and 
educational organizations will co- 
operate in keeping books before 
the public with seasonable sug- 

In February, books on bio- 
graphy, history, citizenship and 
national arts, and books for val- 
entines will be displayed. In 
March, useful books for business 
men and women and practical 
books for the household will be 

The second annual RELIGIOUS 
BOOK WEEK will be held April 
2-8, with nation-wide co-operation 
of churches and church organiza- 
tions. In April there will be dis- 
plays of books as Easter gifts; 
and with the advance of spring, 
books on the out-of-doors will be 
displayed— especially children's 
books on gardens, trees, birds, 
wild flowers, and other books that 

answer quastions and take readers 
'Back to Nature." 

"Buy a book a week" has be- 
come a habit with many book- 
lovers ; but those who cannot quite 
afford tliis habit can. neverthe- 
less, gradually build up home 
libraries, for' "EVERY REAL 

Biography, history, citizenship, 
music, art. 

Work with local schools, scouts, 
patriotic societies. 

Books as Valentines. 

"Find It in Books." 

Useful Books for Business (first 
two weeks'*. 

Useful Books for the Home Hast 
two weeks). 



April 2-8. 

Religious, education in the home. 

Books as Gifts for Easter. 

"Back to Nature"; means of 
increasing sale of children's books 
in spring. 


Books as graduation gifts. 

Books as rewards for school 
children. June. 

Books for wedding gifts; books 
for brides' showers. 

Start vacation reading pub- 


Vacation reading for children 
To be urged tlirough schools and 

Here is a striking window display for the photograpli of which "The Canadian 
Bookman" is indebted to Mr. George Zurhorst, of the J. K. Gill Bookstore, Port- 
land, Oregon. Mr. Zurhorst is a Torontonian, having received his early training 
with that veteran bookseller, Albert Britnell, of Toronto. 

From the Wor'd Book Co., of 
Yonkers, N. Y., comes a specimen 
set o the "Curtis Standard Prac- 
tice Sets in Handwriting," which 
has been issued in a second and 
improved edition with the stud- 
ents Daily Lesson Book, having 
dotted instead of black lines. 

The investigations of the auth- 
ors showed that writing is a trick, 
which must be learned by the 
pupil through individual instruc- 

tion. The basic idea of the tests 
is to place definite, attainable 
goals, based upon standards, be- 
fore the child and then provide 
the means for him to reach them. 
Means are provided for carrying 
on work to meet the individual 
needs of the child, and to get away 
from the routine of usual class- 
room work. There are also means 
for measuring the efficiency of the 
teacher's work as well as that of 
the pupil. 

February, 1922 







Liberal Discount to the Trade 

Ample Stock in Toronto 

Arnold Bennett 

The Old Wives' Tale 
The Loot of Cities 

Andrew Balfour 

The Golden Kingdom 

J. J. Bell 

Wee MacGreegor 

E. F. Benson 

Thorley Weir 
The Oakleyites 

E. C. Bentley 

Trent's Last Case 

John Buchan 

Salute to Adventurers 
Prester John 

Geo. A. Birmingham 

Simpkin's Plot 

Bernard Capes 

The Lake of Wine 

Marion Crawford 

The Witch of Prague 
Three Fates 

A Cigarette Maker's Ro- 
Mr. Isaacs 
A Roman Singer 

Erskine Childers 

The Riddle of the Sands 

B. M. Croker 

Married or Single 
Beyond the Pale 

A. Conan Doyle 

Adventures of Gerrard 
Micah Clarke 

George Douglas 
The House With the Green 

George Gissing 

The Town Traveller 

Maurice Hewlett 
The Forest Lovers 
Little Novels of Italy 
Richard Yea and Nay 
Fond Adventures 
Rest Harrow 
Halfway House 
Open Country 
The Queen's Quair 
New Canterbury Tales 

Anthony Hope 

Tristram of Blent 
The God in the Car 

E. W. Hornung 


Mr. Justice Raffles 

Vincente Blanco Ibanei 

The Matador 

W. W. Jacobs 

Ship's Company 

The Lady of the Barge 

Hy. Seton Merriman 

The Sowers 

Archibald Marshall 

The Eldest Son 

Sara Macnaughton 

The Three Miss Graemes 

Wm. de Morgan 
Joseph Nance 
Alice for Short 

Frank Norris 
The Pit 
The Octopus 

Motley Roberts 
Salt of the Sea 

Charles Turley 
A Band of Brothers 

Horace A. Vachell 

John Verney 
Blinds Down 
John Charity 

Stanley Weyman 
The Wild Geese 

C. N. & A. M. Williamson 

The Lightning Conductor 
The Princess Passes 

H. G. Wells 


The War in the Air 

There are yet three months of winter ahead of us, which lueans a brisk demand for good 

fiction (and lots of it) at low prices. 


Order now. 

Use above list. 

We can ship at once. 





February, 1922 

Not High-Brow, But How They Do Sell! 

A Little Story About the Making of Tea-Cup Reading 
and Dream Books 

Written for this Journal by A. E. Wilson 

OVER a year ago, one of the 
Toronto publishing houses 
brought out a small paper 
book called "Teacup Reading." 
It was a typical example of the 
low-priced 25c to 50c line, but 
there were features about it usu- 
ally overlooked in the making of 
cheaper books. In the iirst place, 
it was practical, written by a per- 
son who knew the science of 
fortune-telling by tea-leaves thor- 
oughly, and it was well-printed 
and illustrated by lucid line dia- 
grams. It was a good little book, 
but it is doubtful if it would have 
had the popularity it has attained 
without the finishing touch of im- 
agination with which it was 
bound. Its cover declared it the 
work of a "Highland Seer." From 
the first, "Teacup Reading" was 
taken seriously by its publishers. 
It received the same backing as 
the higher priced stock in mer- 
chandising and advertising, and a 
permanent window-display stand 
was gotten up for it, so it was an 
easy step for the retailer and 
customer to take it seriously as 
well. "Teacup Reading" is one 
of the best steady selling books 
on the market to-day, both on the 
counter and by mail order. That 
started things. ' It wasn't long 
before a second book of the kind 
was under way — this time a 
dream interpreter. Who'd think 
that a hard-headed Canadian 
population would buy a fool book 
on dreams? Well, who'd think 

they'd buy a fool book on tea- 
leaves? The point of this history 
is that they probably wouldn't if 
both books hadn't been handled 
differently from the usual "trick" 
paper-backed offering. Of course 
it would have been easy and a 
good deal of fun to hand over the 
business of the dream-book to a 
whimsically-minded editor to 
work his creative powers upon, 
but the publishers went to seem- 
ingly uncalled-for pains to make 
a "dream research." They skip- 
ped friend Freud, but they con- 
sulted a great many old and re- 
liable authorities before the four 
months it took to complete the 
job had elapsed, and by actual 
count the number of dream inter- 
pretations exceeded those in any 
high or low-priced book on the 
market. It was more thorough 
and more authoritative than any 
other, but it wasn't quite "fat" 
enough. Then was administered 
the touch of imaginative salt 
which spiced "Teacup Reading." 
A method of card telling purport- 
ed to have been used for the Em- 
press Josephine when she was 
told she would be "more than a 
Queen," was dug up along with 
other famous future-reading sys- 
tems, as well, as a collection of 
lovers' charms. Dreams and all, 
together, made "The Crescent 
Dreambook and Fortune Teller." 
Even more instantaneous suc- 
cess than that which rewarded 
"Teacup Reading" met this second 

book. First ordered in hundred 
lots, after advertisement by the 
big department stores, reorders 
came in for lots of both books by 
the thousand. 

Now a third book in this 
"genuine" series of inexpensive 
books is in the making — a collec- 
tion of famous and standard selec- 
tions for recitation — and the same 
methods of preparation are in 

The confidence placed in the 
policy of giving the "real" thing 
at a popular price has been re- 
warded in this overture and the 
trade is picking it up with en- 

A Dictionary of Religion. 

.■\ Dictionary of Religion and 
Jithics was published recently by 
The Macmillan Company. It is 
edited by Shailer Alathews and 
(jerald Birney Smith, of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, with the co- 
operation of a large number of 

The book sets forth in compact 
form the results of modern study 
in the psychology of religion, the 
history of religions, both primitive 
and developed, the present status 
of religious life in America, Eur- 
ope, and the most important mis- 
sion fields, and the important 
phases of Christian belief and 
practice. It also covers both 
social and individual ethics. 

AUTOMOBILE books loom 
large iu connection with the 
selling of business books, 
and with the month of March set 
down for specialization iu pro- 
moting sales of useful books, the 
dealers have a wonderful chance 
to take advantage of the interest 
in automobiles and all data re- 
lating to them that culminates 
with the approach of spring, when 
so many additional automobile 
enthusiasts join the ranks of 
owners; and present owners, if not 
out for new ears want to know 

Business Books 

how best to rehabilitate the old 

For the booksgller whether, the 
motorist drives a flivver, a motor- 
cycle or side-ear or whether he 
lolls back in . his- limousine, he is 
a prospect for one or more of the 
volumes going to make up the 
library of automobile publica- 

Canada's motorists, i.e., own- 
ers, will soon number half a mil- 
lion people. Think of it, approach- 
ing every tenth citizen of Can- 
ada owns a motor-car of some 

description! Get ready now to 
make the month of March a month 
of big accomplishment in selling 
automobile books and all useful 

books. ■ 

Canadian Poets. 
Dr. E. A. Hardy's little art 
book, "Selections from the Cana- 
dian poets," is familiar to the 
trade as being particularly excel- 
lent. It contains selections from 
Canadian poets, old and new, and 
in its new form is assured of a 
generous welcome. It is pub- 
lished by Macmillan's. 

Febniarv. 1922 

rVl.V.I/>/.I.V noon MAX 


Never So Many Book Necessities 

as on the 

Macmillan's Spring List 


MAZO DE LA ROCHE— Kxploreis of the Dawn. 

Price, $2.50 

LOUISE MOREY BOWMAN— Moonlight and Com- 
mon Dax Price (probably) $1.50 

W. H. BLAKE (Translator)— Maria Chapdelainc. 
Price: In Cloth, $1.50; Leather, $3.00 

E. K. BROADUS— A Ccntnry of Canadian I' and 
\\r>t. Price, $2.50 

SIR GILBERT PARKER— Old Quebec Price, $5.00 

V. STEFANSSON— The Friendly Arctic. Price. $6.50 


H. G. WELLS— Washington and the Riddle of Peace. 

Price, $2.00 

VISCOUNT BRYCE— International Relations of the 

Old World .School. Price, $2.75 

VISCOUNT BRYCE— Study of American History. 

Price, $1.50 
J. M. KEYNES— A ReviMon of the Treaty. 

Price, $2.50 
E. T. RAYMOND— Portraits of the Xinetie-. 

Price, $4.50 


LAWRENCE BINYON— Selected Poems. Price, $2.20 

OWEN WISTER— Indispensable Information for In- 
fants. Price, $1.00 
SARA TEASDALE— Helen of Troy. Price, $1.75 


ROLAND PERTWEE Men of Aflairs. Price, $2.00 

KNUT HAMSUN— The Wanderers. Price, S2.50 

H. G. WELLS— The Secret Places of the Heart. 

Price, $2.00 

JOSEPH HERGESHEIMER— Cytherea. Price, $2.50 

MAY SINCLAIR— The Life and Death of Harriet 

Frean. • Price, $1.25 

SIR HARRY JOHNSTON— The Veneerings. 

Price, $2.00 
EDGAR LEE MASTERS— Children of the Market 

riace. Price, $2.00 

MARY S. WATTS— The House of Rinmion. 

Price, $2.00 
EDEN PHILLPOTTS— Children of Men. Price, $2.00 

J. AUBREY TYSON— The Scarlet Tana.ger. 

Price, $1.75 

SARAH McCONNELL— One. Price. $2.00 

IVAN HEXT— Xo. S7 Price, $2.00 

BEATRICE GRIMSHAW— Conn of the Coral Seas. 

Price, $1.75 


JOHN MASEFIELD— Esther and Berenice. 

Price, $2.00 
CLEMENCE DANE— Will Shakespeare. Price, $2.00 

M.WILKINSON— The Dingbat of Arcady. Price, $1.75 

Mr. Alfred Knopf - - - and Ourselves 

We are pleased to announce that 
since January First the home of 
Borzoi books in Canada is St, 
Martinis House, Toronto. 


Macmillans in Canada 




February, 1922 

Practical Automobile Books are Always in Demand 

We Publish Victor W. Page's Standard Works 



By Victor \V. Page, M.S.A.E. This is the most complete, practical and up-to-date treatise on gasoline 
automobiles and their component parts ever published. In the new revised and enlarged 1920 edition, 
all phases of automobile construction, operation and maintenance are fully and completely described 
and in language anyone can understand. 1032 pages. 1,000 illustrations. Price, $450 


Bj- Victor W. Page. A practical treatise on modern starting and 
ignition system practice. This practical volume has been written 
with special reference to the requirements of the non-technical 
reader desiring easily understood explanatory matter relating to 
all types of automobile ignition, starting and lighting systems. 
It can be understood by anyone even without electrical knowledge. 
Nearly 800 pages. 492 specially made engravings. New edition. 

Price, $3.50 


By Victor W. Page. A tlioroughly practical liook containing 
complete directions for making repairs to all parts of the motor 
car mechanism. Written in a thorough but non-technical manner. 
This book also contains Special Instructions on Electric Starting, 
Lighting and Ignition Systems, Tire Repairing and Rebuilding, 
Autogenous Welding, Brazing and Soldering, Heat Treatment of Steel, Latest Timing Practice. Eight 
and Twelve-cylinder Motors, etc., etc. You will never "get stuck" on a job if you own this book. 
1,000 specially made engravings on 5OO plates. 1,065 pages (5'<l.x8). 11 folding plates. Price, $4,50 

By Victor W. Page. A self-educator on automobiling without an equal. This practical treatise consists 
of a series of thirty-seven lessons, covering with over 2.000 questions and their answers — the auto- 
mobile, its construction, operation and repair. The subject matter is absolutely correct and explained 
in simple language. Answers every question asked relating to the modern automobile. A popular 
work at a popular price. 5^4x7^. Cloth, 701 pages, 387 illustrations, 3 folding plates. New Edition 
just published. Price, $2.75 


By Victor W. Page. This treatise gives concise instructions for starting and running all makes of 
gasoline automobiles, how to care for them, and gives distinctive features of control. Describes every 
step for shifting gears, controlling engine, etc. Among the chapters contained are: I. Automobile 
Parts and Their Functions. II, General Starting and Driving Instructions. Ill, Typical Control 
Systems — Care of Automobiles. Thoroughly illustrated. 178 pages, 72 illustrations. Price, $1.65 



By Capt. V. W. Page. All leading types of carburetors are described in detail, special attention being 
given to the forms devised to use the cheaper fuels, such as kerosene. Carburetion troubles, fuel 
system troubles, carburetor repairs and installation, electric primers and economizers, hot spot mani- 
folds and all modern carburetor developments are considered in a thorough manner. Methods of 
adjusting all types of carburetors are fully discussed as well as suggestions for securing maximum 
fuel economy and obtaining highest engine power. 25O pages, 89 illustrations. Price, $2,25 

The Model "T" Ford Car, Its Construction, Operation and Repair, Including 

the Fordson Farm Tractor. The F. A. Starting and Lighting 

System and the Worm Drive 1-Ton Truck. 

By Victor W. Page. This is the most complete and practical instruction l)ook ever 
published on the Ford car and the Fordson tractor. Illustrated by specially made 
drawings and photographs. All parts of the Ford Model "T" Car are described and 
illustrated in a comprehensive manner- — nothing is left for the reader to guess at. 
The construction is fully treated and operating principle made clear to everyone. 
10 pages. I5O illustrations. Price, $225 


By M. Keith Dunham. Explains in a simple manner apparatus to be used, its care, and how to con- 
struct necessary shop equipment. Proceeds then to the actual welding of all automobile parts, in a 
manner understandable by everyone. 167 pages, fully illustrated. Price, $1.75 

Latest 1922 Catalogue Describing Books on 50 Different Subjects, Sent on Request. 

The Norman W. Henley Publishing Company 

2 West 4Sth Street, New York 

Canadian Representatives: McClelland & Stewart, Ltd., Toronto. 




Fd)niaiv. 1922 <.l.\M)l.\\ HOOKMAS 25 

The McLoughlin Line 





Easily the largest and most varied line of 
Children's Books published in America. 

The complete range of samples are now 
being shown to the Trade by our repre- 
sentatives, covering all points in Canada. 

Every dealer should avail himself of the 
opportunity to examine this line — priced 
at the new levels™ the best values obtain- 



McClelland & stewart, limited 

215-219 Victoria Street, TORONTO 



FehruHi-v. 1922 

Unique Selling Idea That Works 

Idea Appeals Strongly to Chris. Morley, of 
"Shandygaff" Fame. 

There is some human interest 
in the following copy of a letter 
by Christopher Morlev. he of 
"Shandygafif," "The Haunted 
Bookshop." etc.. written to Mr. 
Allen, of Ireland «&: Allen, of Van- 
couver, as brought east for this 
journal by John Henry, of 
Gimdy's : 

"My friend, Mr. H. A. Hor- 
wood, of Los Angeles, tells me 
that you have contracted a bad 
habit of giving away iny little in- 
descretion. 'Shandygaff.' to your 
customers, and leaving it to them 
to decide whether they want to 
pay for it or not. Anyone who is 
so intrepid a gambler as that has 
my affection. The only thing T 
am afraid of is that perhaps you 
won't sta)' in the book business 
long at that rate. I will admit, 
however, that there is one nice 
thing about 'Shandygaff,' and 
that is the title page which T 
planned myself, taking one of 
Ren Franklin's title pages as a 

".Speaking of '.Shandygaff.' and 
of drinks in general, have a look 
at Professor George Saintsbury's, 
new book, "Notes on a Cellar- 
Book," published by Macmillan. 
I am so ignorant that I don'i 
know whether you are bone dr\ 
in B.C. or not : but at any rati- 
Saintsbury's delicious testament 
of the experiences and humors of 
30 years' of moderate and artistic 
drinking must delight and enter- 
tain you ; and after forgetting to 
mention 'Shandygaff' at all in the 
body of his book, he comes back 
to it in a postscript and pays it a 
friendly word. It is, of course, 
a mild tipple, not designed to 
make Reason totter on her 
throne ; but it has had its de- 

"This is just to send you my 
best regards, and to thank > o'u 
for being so kind to my little 
book — more kind, I fear, than it 
deserves, for it is only a verv 
youthful scrapbook of a young 
man's moods and tenses." 

Plum Pudding. 
Chris Morley's latest book. 
"Plum Pudding," came blessed 
with a most appropriate name for 
helping booksellers to sell it at 
Christmas time. This book is 
characterized by the same spirited 

This IS a reproduction ot the Canadian .'\iitbnrs' Week window at Phelan's Bookstore 

St. Catherine Street, Montreal. This was a runner-iip in the contest 

for the ^j") prize. 

humor and genuine love of line 
that marked such previous offer- 
ings as "Shandvgaft." "Mince 
Pie" and "Pipefu'ls." It is with 
especially loving care that the 
author writes of the Three Hours 
for Lunch Club, a waggish insti- 
tution after his own heart. Like 
all the previous books by Morley, 
this one is gay, witt}-, sober, 
merry — almost anything but 
never tiresome. 

loved author of ""Little Ivord 
Fauiitleroy" and ""The Shuttle"' 
liolds a unique place in the aflfec- 
tions of readers of all ages and 
all classes. A Canadian edition 
of "Little Lord Fanntleroy" is 
also to lie issued at a very early 

Mrs. Burnett's New Novel. 

An event of magnitude, not in 
the book world only, will be the 
publication, in Februar}-, of 
Frances Hodgson Burnett's new 
novel, "The Head of the 
of Coombe. " This is Jlrs. Bur- 
nett's first novel since "T. Tem- 
barom," and is the result of eight 
years of loving, conscientious and 
inspired work. The universally 

Error Starts Book Hunt. 

A printer's error lias started 
quite a book-hunt by collectors. 
Of "'Bliss Carman's Later Poems," 
tifiy-cight copies were completed 
before an error was discovered 
in the last line of the text appear- 
ing on the decorative sheet on the 
inside of the front cover in which 
tiie word " murmur " was spelled 
■' ' iimrmer. ' ' These fifty-eight 
copies are at a premium. So far 
only five of these copies have been 

February, 1922 

r.l \.1/>/.l V HOOK MAS 





The Church of England 

In the Dominion of Canada 



Pointed as they are to be sung or said in Churches, and the Form and Manner 

of Making, Ordaining, and Consecrating of Bishops, 

Priests, and Deacons, 

Bound tuii( th( r icilh 



OUR representatives are now on the road with a complete book, showing 
the size and thickness of the RUBY, BURGEOISE and .SMALL PICA 
editions, and with sketches showing a most attractive variety of 

Remember- --When you can say : ''This is an Oxford 
Book," the sale is half made. 

• O. V3L^l^i^ I , TORONTO, CANADA 

" Oxford University Press." 



February, 1922 

Out-of-the-Ordinary Books 

With Exceedingly Strong Selling Features 

The Outline of Science 

Edited by Professor J. Arthur Thomson. 

Here is something which will be certain to attract 
the people in your town who have a leaning to- 
ward scientific things — preachers, mechamcs, 
teachers and others of the type. Its aim is to give 
in plain, ordinary language an outline of the main 
facts in every branch of science, somewhat as 
Well's "Outline of Histoiy " does for the subject it 
treats. The work has more than SOO illustrations, 
with forty large color plates, and comes in four 
volumes. $15.00 per set. 

Europe-- Whither Bound 

By Stephen Graham. 

Is Europe staggering toward destruction? This 
is a most informative summing up of actual con- 
ditions by an observer after a comprehensive tour. 
It gives a remarkably enlightening and truthful 
picture of present-day conditions in Europe. ?2.00. 

It Can Be Done 

Compiled by Joseph Morris. 

Here is one of those inspirational books which so 
attract a certain type of customer — young men, 
young women and others who want to make a 

success of life. Cloth. $1.75; leather, $3.00. 

The Story of Mankind 

By Hendrik Van Loon. 

This remarkable work gives the sequence of hu- 
man progress from the time of original man in the 
wikls of Europe, up through the Classical World, 
the Middle Ages, the Age of Invention. While it 
is done scientifically, it has been kept most human 
and will appeal strongly to children as well as 
grown-ups. Profusely illustrated with line engrav- 
ings, eight 4-color pages, numerous animated maps 
and half-tones. $5.00. 

Indoor Games and Amusements 

By Ruth Blakely. 

Tell the young lady who drops in to buy a maga- 
zine that there is something here to liven up her 
parties or the evenings at home, and it will be 
almost sure to sell. Just what the title suggests. 

White Magic 

By John LeBreton. 

An intensely interesting new publication In nook 
form, which seems to present veritable magic. 
Vital questions are asked which, with the aid of a 
table of signs, are given most astonishingly ac- 
curate answers. A novelty which will tie sure to 
sell. $1.00. 

We are selling agents in Canada for the following publishers : 


London, England 

London, England 

New York City 

New York City 

The Ryerson Press 



February, 1922 

('.l.V.I/>/.l V liOOKMAS 



Mr. Frank Alexander who, for 
many years, was with the MacLean 
Publishing (\)nipany, inanaaring 
trade papers, and who latterly had 
charge of the trade papers pub- 
lished by the Commercial Press, 
Ltd., Toronto, has just joined the 
Macniillaii Co., of Canada, to have 
charge of advertising and mail 
promotion, a post for whicli the 
experience he has had admirably 
fits hira. 

Another change at ;\Iaeiiiillan "s 
is the appointment of Dr. I). J. 
Goggin as educational editor Dr. 
Goggin was for ten years general 
editor of scjiool text books for the 
Province of Ontario, and pre- 
viousl.v had founded the normal 
school system of ^Manitoba. Tie 
spent ten years, also, as Superin- 
tendent of Education in the North- 
West Territories. The value of 
all this experience which he brings 
to ]\I;iemillan's cannot fail to 
prove most beneficial to that 


An event demonstrating the fine 
spirit obtaining between Hodder 
& Stouehton, Ltd., and the Mus- 
son Book Co. and their office, 
warehouse and travelling force. 
w-as that which took place at the 
warehouse at Christmas time, 
when principals and. employees, 
with members of their families, 
attended a "Christmas Tree" pre- 
sided over by ilr. ilusson. who 
impersonated Santa Clans in his 
"civics." The comedy spirit was 
introduced by two of the younger 
members of the travelling force. 
Dancing and a fine spread added 
to tlie gaietv of the occasion. 


Since the reorganization of the 
old-established toy book publish- 
ing house of Melx)ughlin Bros., 
Inc., acquired by the Milton Brad- 
ley Co.. Springfield. Ohio, arrange- 
ments have been made whereby 
tiiis line will be handled in Can- 
ada bv McClelland & Stewart. 

The McLoughlin concern dates 
back to 1828 and the name, by 
virtue of the huge output of all 
varieties of toy books, has been a 
household word in America for 

The recent change occasioning 
removal of plates, etc., from 

Photograph of A. H. Jarvis, Vice-President of the Canadian Booksellers' and 
Stationers' Association, taken in front of his fine bookstore at the time of the 
Children's Book Week in November. The Children's Department in this book- 
shop is one of the most successful in Canada. 

Brooklyn to 8i>ringtield is said to 
have entailed carriage costs 
amounting to •■fiofi.OOO. 

The ^IcClelland men are already 
showing the ^Icljoughlin line and 
its vast extent and complete 
variet.v has embued them with 
.such enthusiasm that trade in 
ehildren's books bids fair to pick 
up from now on all along the line 
in this country, particularly in 
view of the fact that the series 
idea is a strong feature, in con- 
sequence of which customers buy- 
ing one title come back at inter- 
vals for the rest of the series. 

thors' week should be followed by 
emphasizing the new Canadian 
books this year. Among the 
eai'liest to be announced is a racy 
and original new Western story, 
■Rangy Pete," by Guy Morton, 
a bright young Toronto ne-ws- 
paperman, who has done good 
work in special articles and short 
stories and now breaks into the 
novel-writing field. Rangy Pete 
is a new character who is said to 
blend in his competition charac- 
terictics of David Harum. Happy 
Hawkins and The Virginian. 


Hesketh Pearson's ":\Iodern 
Men and Mvimmers" (GoodchikU 
is a counterpart for men of letters 
and art to "Mirrors of Downing 
Street." The book contains 
studies of such people as Lytton 
Strachey. Shaw, Chesterton, Llo.yd 
George, Wells. Mrs. Asquith. 
Winston Churchill, etc. ]Mr. Pear- 
son has rubbed shoulders with 
many popular idols whom he has 
caught off their pedestals. His 
shrewdness and humor make the 
volume a delight to anyone who 
wants to know the unconventional 
side of people usually regarded .^o 


The interest stirred up in Cana- 
dian authors by Canadian Au- 

"Roads Going South." 

"Roads Going South" is a new 
Macmillan issue that is well 
worthy of note. The author is 
Robert L. DufTus, and his oflfer- 
ing is one of distinction — strong 
in atmosphere and rich in humor. 
It is the tale of a young New 
Englander, Young Joe, son of 
rigid, dutiful Josiah Chapin, bred 
among the cold New England 
hills. " 

The boy has the steady blood 
of the Chapins, and the more 
roaming temperament of the 
Snows. His father wished him 
to follow in his footsteps as a 
country doctor, but the mother 
had other dreams, and the story 
deals with his musical ambition, 
with which a most engaging love 
storv is interwoven. 



February, 1922 

News About Books and Authors 

Bliss Carman 

Bliss Carman's tour of Canada 
created an interest in the works 
of the poet that has not yet heen 
fully capitalized by the book- 
seller. The interest in his work 
is not merely spasmodic. His 
poems need only to be kept before 
the public on the counters and in 
the store windows to ensure a 
steady sale. 


"Brass." by Charles G. Norris. 
is a novel which men will stay at 
home from the theatre to read. 
It is a novel which deals with the 
institution of marriage in a way 
that has called forth the commen- 
dation of many of the leadinor 
writers of America. Gertrude 
Atherton rates it of a very high 
order; Fannie Hurst says: "It 
rides Norris into the rank of the 
foremost American novelist." 
Zona Gale declares that ''It 
handles its human beings with 
that directness and honesty which, 
more than any one quality, the 
American novel has lacked." 

The Popular Appeal. 

"The Mucker." by Edgar Eice 
Burroughs, is in a somewhat new 
vein, but his success _ with _ the 
Tarzan stories has gained him a 
following that will be eager to 
venture with him in this new 
field. Billy B^Tne. the Mucker. 
is a product of the Chicago slums 
and is projected into a series of 
startling adventures which rival 
those of the famous Tarzan— ad- 
ventures among gangmen. police- 
men, sailors, millionaires, vachts- 
men. nobility, savage head-hun- 
ters, prize fighters, cowboys, and 
Mexican revolutionists. Perhaps 
it will not appeal to the readers 
of high-brow stuff, but the red- 
blooded man who likes lots of 
action and adventure will cer- 
tainly find what he wants in "The 

Romance to the Rescue 

'•Romanee to the Kescue." by 
Denis Mackail (Allen. Toronto"), 
is a novel of wide sympathies and 
appealing characters, laid in Lon- 
don's theatrical colony. The 
anthor's humorous sallies and 
cleverly turned phrases enrich the 
romance, and there are a number 
of highlv original situations mak- 

SeUing Points for Booksellers. 

ing this a good novel for people 
coming into the bookstore looking 
for something really refreshing. 

' ' Rununyniscences. ' ' 
From the Cornhill Publishing 
Co., Boston, comes a volume en- 
titled "Rummjmiscenees." by 
Frederick P. Kafka, which is re- 
miniscent of the pre-arid era in 
America and draws in a really 
entertaining manner upon the 
fund of humor arising out of 
"wet" associations. The volume 
is illustrated by Walt Lantz. and 
is published at .$1..50. 

Bits o' Bronze. 

Another new volume of poems 
published by Thomas Allen is 
H. C. Mason's "Bits o' Bronze." 
with a preface by Premier Drury. 

These poems were originally 
published in the 0. A. C. Review, 
and the demand of the 0. A. C. 
undergraduates led to their publi- 
cation in book form. The book 
is rich in humor, pathos and 

In Nature's Temple Shrines. 

A new volume of poems by Dr. 
James L. Hughes has recently been 
published by Thomas Allen, under 
the title of "In Natiire's Temple 
Shrines." Booksellers will wel- 
come this as an addition to the 
Canadian section. Some fine 
tributes are being paid to Dr. 
Hughes on the rich spiritual note 
of these poems, such as the one 
saying that the writing of poems 
like these must be something like 
praying in mu.sic. 

Governor of New York, and in 
creneral so behaved as to achieve 
wide newspaper notoriety. 

Buying the controlling interest 
in a steel company, she appoints 
an office manager, and the an- 
tagonism between changing to in- 
terest and more provides the heart 
interest of this tale. 


Different conceptions of the 
meaning of Success are exempli- 
fied in the novel of that name by 
Sanniel Hopkins Adam.s. a news- 
paper tale which booksellers may 
enthusiastically recommend to 
those who want the sort of action 
in their novels that carries with 
it high achievement flavored with 

The hero of this novel, coming 
from an obscure southwest town. 
goes to New York and. climbing 
the ladder of success, rung by 
rung, becomes a dominant figure 
in the newspaper world and the 
storm centre of New York 

Eventually this newspaper man 
comes to realize that he has been 
wor.shipping false gods and ho 
then fashions for himself entirely 
new conceptions of Success. The 
Canadian edition is published by 
Thomas Allen. 

Saint Theresa. 

Booksellers recalling "Queed" 
will enthusiastically welcome 
Henry Sydnor Harrison's first 
novel since before the war. It is 
"Saint Theresa." to be published 
in Canada by Thomas Allen. 

Teresa, nicknamed the Saint 
for her ascetic character and 
known to newspaper readers as 
"The Woman Wlio Hates Love," 
is the daughter of a famous and 
wealthy New York family. Filled 
with vitality, a zest for life, and 
an entire disregard for public 
opinion, she has explored every 
sensation, broken polo ponies, rid- 
den in airplanes, shot a burglar, 
and (it is rumored") a French 
suitor, slapped the face of the 

New Agency. 

.\n interesting- new announce- 
ment is that Frederick Goodchild 
Co. will in future represent the 
John F. Shaw Co.. 3 Pilgrim St.. 
I.udgate Hill. London, England, 
for the Canadian market. 

This publishing house puts out 
an extensive list of rewards, toy 
books and annuals, besides other 

Passing of John Kendrick Bangs. 
The death occurred in hospital 
at Atlantic City, on Saturday, of 
John Kendrick Bangs, an author 
famed as a his most 
notable book being "The House- 
boat on the Styx." which set forth 
conferences between many modem 
and ancient celebrities in the 
nether regions. He had at dif- 
ferent times in his career been 
editor of "Life." "Harper's 
Magazine." "Harper's "Weekly." 
"Puck" and other magazines. 



r.l \. I />/.!. V nOOKMAS 



To thr ilooks.'ll.T.s iiiiil Station- 
ers of CiiiiiKla — -Greeting:. 
Dear Friends: 

IT i.s witli pleasure that I offer 
my fellow menihers. of the 

honorable profession of Book- 
sellinsr in ranada. ray best wishes 
for a ITappy and Prosperous New 
Year, beeansc T can foresee their 
realization witli eonfidenee. 

The year 1921 will always be 
remarkable in the annals of 
Canadian Booksellin?. for in this 
year we have seen the recognition 
of the hipli i^laee a Bookstore oan 
and should oeenpy in the intel- 
leetual life of the eominnnity it 

The recognition is one of the 
by-jproducts of the inangnration 
of the Authors' Association and 
'"The Can.ulinn Book "W'^i'k. " 
At publishers and authors 
realize that the Bookseller is the 
living link between them and the 

This recognition also brings 
with it responsibility which sure- 
ly we will not shirk, a dignity to 
our trade or profession which we 
accept with all due humility, op- 
portunity to widen the scope of 
our business and increase our use- 
fulness to the community which 
we welcome, and a possibility of 
increased business which we wel- 
come still more. 

The crux of the whole matter 
flfter all is larger profits to en- 
able us to fulfil worthily all the 
requirements which the commun- 
ity inakes upon us. 

The Bookseller is not avari- 
cious but he cannot carry a heavy, 
slow moving stock on discounts 
from 10 to .30'"^ . and we hope this 
year to bring the Publishers to 
see the force of this: as it is now, 
the wholesale bookseller demands 
a larger rate of profit than he 
gives the retailer. 

Having gained the recognition 
and confidence of the author, it 
mnst now be our object to secure 
the respect, confidence and con- 
sideration of the publisher and 

In order to do this we must get 
together : let every Bookseller and 
Stationer of Tanada join the As- 
sociation and become a live mem- 
ber, write complaints and si7g- 
gestions to its secretary or the 
book journals, and generally see 
to it that the executive does its 
duty and especially its President. 
Yours truly, 


TM£ LOBSl*lC*s M/^T. 


We've heard of books bringing 
about reform of public abuses, in- 
ducing civil wars, converting 
criminals and inspiring patriots, 
but it has been the distinction of 
one of our Canadian authors re- 
cently, to set a style in women's 
hats ! 

A good many displays of 
Douglas Durkin's book, "The 
Lobstiek Trail," some with ex- 
(ilanations of what a lobstiek is, 
have appeared in most cities, and 
llie description of a "pinetree 
whose topmost branches have been 
lopped, leaving a mere tuft at the 
crest, and an arm or arms point- 
ing in the desired direction to 
mark a trail, a pass or a spot of 
interest," has evidently piqued 
the imagination of some of our 
enterprising millinery-designers. 

In more than one Canadian city 
the title of "The Lobstiek Trail" 
has been enacted as some member 
of the fair sex initiates its citi- 
zens into the mode of the lobstiek. 
In Toronto the "trail" lasted a 
whole block on the track of the 
first "Lol)stiek" hat. 

The lobsticks are reported as 
sprouting up the front; wing-like 
from the centre : upwards from a 
soft-gathered crown, tilting 
slightly backward : or like a quill, 
along the side. They are made 

of natural feathers or artificial 

^^^:o says that there is no dis- 
tinctive Canadian literature or 
fashion " 


White Horse. Yukon. 

Jan. 10, 1922. 
h\ 1. Weaver, Esq., 

Secy.-Treas. Canadian Book- 
sellers' and Stationers' As- 
sociation. Toronto. 
Dear Sir,— 

Enclosed you will find my 
cheque for two dollars for mem- 
bership in Canadian Booksellers' 
and Stationers' Association. This 
circular has only arrived, having 
been caught in the Squamish Lake 
wreck in B.C. I am too late for 
the Book Week, but we push 
Canadian books alwavs — Canada 

In looking over the officers I 
see many names familiar to me 
when I was on the Coast to Coast 
travelling route. No representa- 
tive from the Yukon, however, I 
hope some day we may be large 
enough to have one on your 

I trust the Association may 
prosper and be of mutual help to 
nil its members. 

Yours verv truly, 




February, 1922 

"The Hope of the Future." 

From the Cornhill Publishing 
Co., Boston (Goodchild's, To- 
ronto), con>es "The Hope of the 
Future," by Edward E. Eagle, 
with forewords by President 
Harding, Lloyd George, Ex- 
Premier Meighen, of Canada ; 
Premier Hughes, Australia; Pre- 
mier Massey, New Zealand, and 
Premier Craig, of North Ireland. 
The author is not a professional 
writer of books. His sphere is 
international commerce, but he 
had a mission in writing this 
book. It was to bring home to 
people the interrelationship and 
mutual re.sponsibilities of nations 
and particularly to appeal to the 
hundred million people of the 
United States who have never 
gone beyond the boundaries of 
American continent. 

"Not all of them," he says, 
could be so prejudiced as I was, 
before my rovings began. Yet I 
am fully convinced that a ma- 
jority possess an exaggerated 
idea' of their own importance in 
the world, and of the world's re- 
gard for them. Many Americans 
whom I encountered abroad have 
assured me that this is their 
opinion now, but that they are 
loath to state it. lacking both time 
and inclination." 

The preface proceeds to tell of 
encouragement received from 
leaders of public thought in 
bringing out this book. 

Special interest for Canadians 
is the inclusion of the Canadian 
viewpoint of ex-Premier Meighen 
and also the several other fore- 
words by premiers of several of 
the commonwealths of the P>ritish 

The book is excellent in bind- 
ing and workmanship, and is 
amply illustrated, making it a de- 
sirable addition to any library. 
and especially so to students of 
world politics. 

gin with no evidence of any 
grace being asked, the lion of the 
evening turned to the host, say- 
ing, "Excuse me, sir, I never like 
to begin a meal without grace. 
Will you not allow it?" Dr. 
William Briggs, who was at that 
time head of the house which 
bore his name, and who has since 
been given the term Book .Stew- 
ard Emeritus of the Plouse which 
now uses the trade name. The 
Ryerson Press, is well known to 
be strongly Irish, and it is said 
that he rose to the occasion ad- 

This Man's World. 

Will Levington Comfort con- 
tinues to develop as a novelist 
and his growing army of readers 
will be delighted with his new 
story of the Philippines, "This 
Man's World," published by 

The hero of this tale is a boy 
who was brought up by a lone- 
some .American soldier in the 
Phillipine jtmgles, where he had 
isolated himself as a renegade. 

Comfort has in most of his 
books gone to the Orient for his 
backgrounds and no doubt the 
successful appeal of the previous 
novels had a great deal to do in 
his selection of the picturesque 
Phillipines as a scene of his new- 
est offering. This is a circum- 
stance that booksellers might do 
well to use as a selling talk. .\t 
the same time they can use similar 
argument to interest those who 
have not as yet read any of Com- 
fort's novels with Chinese set- 

Punch's Books. 

Almost everybody who reads 
knows "Punch," the famous Eng- 
lish humorous weekly. An ex- 
cellent combination of wit, 
humor, satire, and solid informa- 
tion is found in the three books 
recently issued, drawing their 
material from "Punch." There is 
"Punch Drawings," by P. H. 
Towiisend, which consists of 
nearly three hundred humorous 
di-a\ving.s and cartoons. "Punch's 
History of Modern England" is 
a four volume edition covering 
the period from 1841 to 1914. 
"Punch's History of the War" 
continues to bo of interest, while 
the latest announcement is a 
"Punch's Lloyd George," which 
will follow t.he career of the little 
Welshman as seen from week to 
week in "Punch." These hooks 
make a remarkably fine set for 
any home. They will provide en- 
tertainment for odd moments of 

Dr. Briggs to the Rescue. 

The recent publication of Sir 
Hall Caine's epoch-making story, 
"The Master of Man." brings to 
light a rather interesting incident 
which occurred during his visit 
to Toronto a decade or so ago. 
Sir Hall Caine had been invited 
to dinner one evening then by a 
publisher who was at that time a 
good deal in the public eye, to 
meet other members of the trade 
in Toronto. When the meal — a 
rather sumptuous one, by the 
way, as was natural under the 
circumstances — was about to be- 

Sarah Comstock. 
.^n author who has won dis- 
tinction because of the merit of 
her novels is Sarah Comstock 
whose books "The Valley of 
Vision," and "The Soody" were 
deservedly popular. But her 
latest novel "The Daughter of 
Helen Kent" excells her previous 
books. Helen Kent's marriage, 
fair at the beginning was turned 
to tragedy by her husband's de- 
sertion, after which all beautv to 
her was an illusion. She enters 
business life and all the beauty 
and idealism she suppressed in 
herself came out in her daughter 
"" The book, properlv. is 
the story of "Bee." 

It is a strong story and one 
that will enlist the selling en- 
thusiasm of the bookstore people 
who read it for themselves. 

Ellis, Havelock, •Little Essays in 
Love and Virtue." Toronto, MoOlel- 
land & Stewart.— This new Tjook is 
timely in view of the opposing con- 
tentions of the pros and cons as to 
the question of whether the world is 
belter or worse than it was a gener- 
ation or more ago. In any event the 
author asserts that the postulation 
that the world can he remodeled, is 
a discovery of the 19th and 20th cen- 
turies, improved knowledge being 
characterized as the means of break- 
ing through the sentimentality and 
platitudes that have sheathed family 
life. More passion for that which 
really counts is given as the real 
need of the >worid to undo the work 
of Hate, if we are to add gaiety and 
pleasure in life to the sum of human 

"A Child's Garden of Stories." 

".\ Child's Garden of Stories," 
bv i\Iiss M. E. Paterson, a To- 
ronto lady, is an ever-welcome 
book for children. It is a delight 
to tind a combination such as 
Miss Paterson's work, an excel- 
lent children's book and by a 
Canadian author. The stories are 
delightfully illustrated by Estelle 
M. Kerr, and the book is put out 
with beauty as to format and get- 
up that characterizes Macmillan's, 
who have put out this volume. 

OVER 100,000 SOLD. 
It is a notable fact that over 
100,000 copies have been sold in 
the U. S. of Miss Edith M. Hull's 
remarkable novel "The Sheik.' 
The outstanding merit of this 
book is realistic manner in which 
the atmosphere of desert life is 
conveyed to the reader. 

FcbriKuv, 1922 

r.l \.l/>/.l.\ HOOKMAN 


Aids for the Specialist Collector 

THP] hook collector to the av- 
erago norsoii is a man who 
finds a (iiioor .sort, flf satisfae- 
Aids for the Specialist Collector 
tion in amassiii«r dog-eared, frowsy, 
old volumes which are without the 
faintest trace of interest to anyone 
Imt hiiiiself and his kind. Here 
and tiiere no donl)t i.s a man of that 
sort — a relic of long past days, 
when life was more leisurely and 
the {)rintiiig prefss liad not begun 
to shake the earth with its roar and 
clatter — hut he is not entitled to be 
called a colilector. in the modern 
meaning of tlie. woi-d, anyway. 
Ac(|uirer or accumulator are bcttei- 
terms to ai)ply to liini, for the 
collector of these modern days is a 
being of an entirel.y diflferent 
.stamp. Not for him the rubbish 
wliich lies about the foot of the 
mountainous iinil fast growing 
of literature. lie casts Ins glance 
searciiingly about for wliat seem.s 
to him mast desirable, and forth- 
with, disregarding all else, proceeds 
to make it his own. This means, of 
course, that, in keeping with the 
.<;pirit of the age. he is a specialist. 
One can't read everything, and 
furthermore, space is limited. 
Therefore, what particularly ap- 
peals to him suffices t!ic modei'ii 

These remarks are apropos of 
three small pamphlets in a series of 
"Bibliographies of IModern Auth- 
or.?," which have just Ibeen issued 
by Leslie Ciiaundy & Co., London, 
setting forth in full bibliogrnphical 
detail, evidencing a great deel of 
research and care on the part of 
the compiler. L A. Williams, the 
various publications in prose and 
verse of three authors, admired by 
the aforesaid spcciidist collector. 
These authors are Robert Bridges. 
"Our late Elizabethan." as An- 
drew Lang once termed him — the 
present English poet laureate; 
John ifaseficld, laureate of the .sea 
and student of the human heart, 
and fxeorge Moore, once a "rank 
outsider" among writers, but now 
(so strangely actiS the whirligig of 
time) approved of and accepted by 
the elect. All three bibliographies 
were first printed in the London 
Mercury, and now appear in ampli- 
fied form after having been revised 
by the various authors conceincd, 
and are therefore, presumably, 
complete and accurate. 

The Bridges bibliography lists a 

total — including revised i,ssues, 
books with introdu<;tions, etc — of 
73 items, beginning witli the 
"Poems" of 1873, and coming down 
to "October, and other Poems," 
issued in 11)20. At least two omis- 
sions — neither very important — 
have been noticed : I\Iiss A. Buck- 
ton 's "Through Human Eyes" 
(Oxford-Daniel, 1001), which has 
a preFatorv poem bv ^Ir. Bridges, 
and "Ode to Music" (1896).' It 
may be mentioned in passing that 
the black letter edition of "The 
Orowth of Love" and "Hymns 
from" (not "For" as the ■biblio- 
graphy has it) "the Yattenden 
Hymnal." issued iby Daniel antl 
noted as without date, were pub- 
lished in 1890 and 1899, respect- 

The Masefield biHiliography de- 
scribes or mentions no less than 79 
separate items, counting revised 
editions, books for which the author 
has written prefaces, introductions 
or note,s to, or which he has edited, 
selected or seen through the press. 
This number, however, large as it 
is. considering that ^lasefield's first 
book appeared onlj- in 1902, is not 
complete, as a number of books 
which had their first, or only, pub- 


now acclaimed as the outstanding: 
literary woman of Canada and author 
of "The Drift of Pinions." whose 
novel. "The Bridge," is being brought 
out in February by Messrs. Hodder & 
Stoughton, Ltd. In reading an ad- 
vance copy of the booli a leading 
critic has said: "So far there has 
been talent in Canada — this is 
genius." "The Bridge" is a story of 
the Great Lakes. 

lication in tlu; United States 
be a(hled, as follows: 

"The Everlasting Mercy, and the 
Widow in the By Street" (first col- 
lected edition). New York, 1912. 

"Tiie .story of a Round Hoilsc, 
and other Poems" (including 
•Eauber"). New York, 1912. 

"Salt Water Poems and Bal- 
lads" (first collected edition), New 
York. 1916. 

"The Locked, and The 
Sweeps of Niuety-'Eaght" (first 
imblished edition), New York, 1916 
(500 copies). 

"The War and the Future" 
(first publication, preceding "St. 
(xcorge and the Dragon," (which 
included this lecture, i.ssued in Lon- 
don in i919). New York, 1918. 

"Poems," hj Cecil Roberts 
(Pref. by Ma.sefield), New York. 

"Collected Poems" (with Pref.). 
New York, 1919. 

"Collected Plavs" (with Pref.). 
New York, 1919. 

The Moore bibliography lists 47 
separate items, including books for 
whicli the author has written pre- 
faces or introductions together with 
two books relating to his work. As 
the compiler points out, it would 
have been impossible, out of con- 
sideration of size, to record in the 
pamphlet all the revisions which 
many of Mr. Moore's books have 
undergone, many of them to such 
an extent as to make them alto- 
gether new books. A notable in- 
stance of thi.s — which the compiler 
has wisely recognized — is his "Lew- 
is Seymour and Some Women," 
which is a re-writing of "A Modern 
Lover." Another is "Muslin" 
which is a re-writing of "A Drama 
in ;Muslin," while another is "Ev- 
elyn Innes," which, first appearing 
in 1898 as a regular cloth volume, 
was rei.=sued in sixpenny form in 
1010, almost wholly rewritten. 

One omission from the list may be 
noted, namely: Augustus ]M. 
:\loore's "Walnuts and Wine,^' 
which includes "A Ru-ssian Story." 
and "Darling! How xjong &ti;iii i 
1)6 Thine ? " by George Moore. 

It may be of intei^eist to meniion 
here that a copy of Mr. Moore's 
third book, "Pagan Poems," with 
the title-page (which was torn 
from nearly all copies by the pub- 
lisher and the volumes sold for 
waste-paper), brought $370 at auc- 
tion in New York a few weeks ago. 



February, 1922 

A New Translation of Rostand 

VPlays of Edmoud Rostand," 
Translated by Henderson Dain- 
o-ei-field Norman. 2 vols. STan- 
millan, New York, 1921. Mac- 
raillan, Toronto, $10.50 the set. 

THESE two beautiful volumes, 
it is safe to propbesy. will 
I'emain tlie definitive editioii 
of Rostand's plays in English, and 
tliey will do much for the fame of 
the author with purely English 
readers. The work of translation 
has been done in a most unusu- 
ally satisfying- way. It would be 
difficult to tliink of any French 
di'amatist, the rendering of whose 
plays into English would be more 
calculated to give pause to the 
translator. The exquisite poetry, 
the delieae.y and finsh of form, the 
author's love of manipulating 
language to secure effects of sur- 
prise, his witticisms, his puns, his 
unique power of making language 
a medium for the expression of his 
exuberant spirits, now whimsical, 
now exalted, might well prove the 
despair of one who sought to re- 
produce them. Mrs. Norman has 
very unusual qualifications for her 
work. In the first place she must 
read Rostand as if he had written 
in her native tongue. But she has 
also a command of English and a 
native cleverness in conveying 
the atmosphere of a scene that is 
constantly a surprise and a delight 
to the reader. One hardly knows 
whether to admire more her capa- 
city to turn beautiful passages of 
poetry into exquisite English 
verse, or her success in repro- 
ducing the marvels of verbal dex- 
terity which one would have been 
inclined to pronounce untranslate- 
able. Indeed it is very rarely that 
one is reminded that he is reading 
a translation. A single example, 
taken from " Chantecleer, " not 
more felicitous than multitudes of 
others, must illustrate the point. 
Tlie Guinea Hen (the social climb- 
er) is holding a reception, and is 
be.side herself with delight that all 
the great of the earth are her 
guests. She confides her happiness 
to the Phesant. 

Magpie: (announcing) The Guinea Pig. 

Guinea: The famous one that was in- 
oculated. You've heard about him? 
I have heard it stated 'twas aiiti- 
toxrin — and we have him here! 
I've everybody! 

(To the Guinea Pig) How d'y'do? 
(To the Pheasant) My dear, 

Let me present my friend . . . 

He's really hig. Hyphen, you know 

. . . yes, Guinea-Hyphen-Pig. The 

GO'bbler lectures near the Currant 

Patch, By the Tea Roses . . . 

club teas . . . dear, you catch 

the thought? 

(To a passing Hen) How do you do 

to you? Club teas and current 

topics! Ah, that's new to you? 

(Whirling about). 

I've everybody! I've the Golden 


The Duck — it's really Duke y«u 

know, — it's present: 

I have . . ." 

Chantecleer 's attempt to give the 
petty, mocking soul of the Blaek- 
liird a chance to comprehend eternal 
verities is another excellent piece 
of work. Where the essentials are 
so good it is perhap.s captious in a 
Canadian reviewer to wish that 
Mrs. Norman did not make "Mes- 
siah" rhyme with "aspire." 

No name in modern literature 
recalls more inevitably the age-old 
struggle between classical and ro- 
mantic ideals than that of Rostand. 
Those to whom all romanticism is 
anathema would praise his whim- 
sical humor, his amazing verbal 
gj-mnasties. his delight in the pic- 
turesque and the unexpected, or- 
oven the charm of his poetrj'. They 
would be willing to be generous in 
eulogy as long as they were not 
expected to treat his ideas seriously 
— to consider his plays as great 
literature. And yet there is a per- 
suasive grace about his work that 
might disarm the most exti'eme of 
cla.ssieists. Here is no idealistic 
dreamer divorced from a proper 
sense of reality, luxuriating in 
empty wonder, and worshipping 
the iridescent projections of his 
own temperament. There is no ques- 
tion here of the exaltation of a 
meaningless liberty, of rig'hts apart 
from duties, of vague longings and 
undefinable desires. On the con- 
trary, Rostand delights in this 
present world of men. He chides 
their follies but he finds in them 
all the divine spark which may re- 
cognize the Light in which alone 
is peace. To be loyal to the high- 
est that one knows — 'this is the pre- 
scription for all liuman satisfac- 
tion. His idealism has a function 
like that of poetry in dealing with 
tragic thing.s — it provides a centre 
of regularity in the midst of con- 
tending passions, upon which the 
mind retreats to possess itself in 
calm, which steadies the nerve and 
dulls the ache of passion. It en- 

ables C.vrano to dispense with suc- 
cess and even 'witli Loxane's love: 
tlie Samaritan woman finds her de- 
light in life rising new-born from 
the a.shes of her dead sins. It trans- 
forms even the egotism of Chanti- 
cleer's devotion and enables him to 
rebnibl liis shattered faith. 

It i-i not as a solemn moralist, 
liowevei-. tliat Rostand preaches his 
gospel. It breathes almost un- 
noticed through scenes of flashing 
wit. and is often quite forgotten in 
the intoxication of his delight in 
verbal dexterity or in the pageant- 
iw of colour and form in which he 
revels. But not even a child can 
miss the point. The only serious 
distinction is between the ignoble 
and noble, between the and 
upright, between the unwisdom of 
the selfish and the sanity of devo- 
tion to something beyond self. And 
it is with the engaging simplicity 
of a little child that this brilliant 
worker in intellectual ores bids us 
behold the beauty of goodness. In 
hi.s inaugural address to the Acade- 
my he praises the freedom from 
coarseness in the work of Bornier. 
hi.s predecessor, and quotes that 
poet's lines: — 
Si j'avais cede, lache ou traitre, 

Au demon que j'ai combattu, 
Je eais qui me louerait, peut-etre . . . 

Toi, ma fille, que dirais-tu? 

Rostand's comment is "les vers 
sont exquis." One can hardly 
believe that he was conscious that 
he himsellf was performing such a 
courageous act in pronouncing such 
a judgment in such a place. 

All lovers of good literature will 
rejoice in the appearance of these 
volumes. To many an English 
reader who remembers Rostand's 
vogue in his o-wn country, they will 
serve as a reminder that the beauty 
of high ideals makes its appeal to 
Frenchmen as to Englishmen. It is 
a le-sson in elementary truth of 
which we cannot too often be re- 

"^Masters of Men" is a new 
novel coming from the author of 
"Simon Called Peter," It is a 
Constable publication, and will be 
issued in Canada by Goodchild's. 

"The Venetian Lovers" is a 
new novel by Sir Philip Gibbs, 
being published in England bj' 
Hutchinsons, and which Good- 
child's have for Canada. 

Fel.niaix, 1922 

('-l.V.l/^/-l.\ nOOKMAS 


Earliest Roberts Animal Stories 

Tho EdiUn*. ('anadiaii Bookman. 

Sir: Will you allow lut' to eor- 
mect a statement made in your 
notice of the uniforni edition of 
Charles G. D. Roberts' animal 
stories, just issued by the Macmil- 
lan Company, which appeared in 
your January i.ssue? The .state- 
ment in question is the one that the 
year 1900 saw tJie publication of 
the first of the volumes of Mr. Roil)- 
erts "in which the dramatis per- 
sons consist largely of animals in- 
stead of human beings." As a 
matter of fact, Mr. Roberts' first 
"animal .story" hook appeared in 
1896 under the title. "Earth 'sEnig- 
mas, " being- published bv Lauison. 
Wolffe & Co.. Boston 'viiid New 
York, in their "Red Eagle Series," 
and bearing the copyright date of 
1895. The volume is prefaced b.v 
the following "Author's Note": 

Most of tlie stories in this collection 
have already appeared in the pages of 
English, American and Canadian peri- 
odicals. For kind courtesies in regard 
to the reprinting of these stories my 
thanks are due to the Editors of 
Harper's Magazine, Longman's Maga- 
zine. Scribner's Ma.gazine, The Cosmo- 
politan, Lippincott's Magazine, The 
Independent. The Toronto Globe. 
Harper's Bazaar, and The Youth's 

I have not searched diligently to 
trace the first publication of these 
stories (which, by the waj', it must 
be said, are not all to he described 
as having animals for their drama- 
tis persona- "i. hut there can be no 
question ^aibout jVfr. Roberts having 
had fhe start of Ernest Thompson 
Seton, if not also oiE Rudyard Kip- 
ling, as a writer of animal stoi*ies. 

I might mention here that the 
second edition of " Earth '.s Enig- 
mas" appeared in 1903. with the 
imprint of Page & Co.. Boston, 
three new stories being added and 
three of the old ones dropped. 

It maj' be interesting to (|UOte 
here a letter of Mr. Roberts, which 
is inserted in my copy of the first 
edition of "Earth's Enigmas": 
King's College, 
Windsor, N.S.. 
April aath, 18«5. 
Messrs. Stone & Kimball: 

(I don't know \s'liich of you is at 
home now. so I write collectively and 

Dear Sirs: I have to-day sent you 
by registered mail the MS. of my vol- 
ume of short stories — '"Earth's Enig- 
mas" — complete, except for one tale. 
"The Romance of an Ox Team." which 
is to appear at once in Lippincott's 
Magazine. In the list of contents I 


have given (not for pirblication) the 
names of the periodicals in which the 
stories have appeared. 

May I ask you to let me have your 
report on the MS. at the earliest pos- 
sible date, as I have a publisher wait- 
ing to take the work if you do not 
want it. I had promised to giive you 

llic lii\sl thanoe at it, so I put it to- 
gether as fitiickly as possible after my 
return from N.Y. It is a quite differ- 
ent volume from tliat which I planned 
at first, under the title of "Tales from 
the Backwoods," a volume of better 
work and more distinct flavor. 

I saw John Lane in New York, and 
he will probably take the English edi- 
tion of these stories. 

An early answer will greatly oblige 
Yours very sinceredy, 

Charles G. D. Roberts. 

Evidently Stone & Kimball did 
not i-ise to the opportunity offered 
them by Mr. Roberts, for the book, 
as indicated above, was published 
by an entirely different firm. 

By the way. I wonder if any 
reader can say whether John Lane 
or anybody else took the Englisb 
edition of these stories. I have 
never been able to trace such an 


New Volume by Beatrice Redpath 

ALL old readers of The Can- 
adian Bookman, and we trust 
most new ones also, are 
familiar with the delicate and 
elusive verse of Beatrice Redpath, 
much of whose work since her 
earlier volume, "Drawn Shutters," 
has been published in our cotamns. 
She has now brought out "White 
Lilac" (Gundy, Toronto: Lane, 
London. 3s 6d), a little volume of 
eighty pages, containing some 
twenty -eight poems, of which only 
two are of more than lyric propor- 
tions — and even they are of lyrie 
beauty though dramatic in inten- 
tion. Tbe first piece, which gives 
title to the book, depicts three mo- 
ments in the life of the Greek cour- 
tesan Phryne, and is a very subtle 
and effective statement of the spir- 
itual valne of the highest physical 
beauty, "too high for all but rev- 
erence." And '.'The Lie" is a dis- 
cussion between two sailors, vague- 
ly revealing a dramatic situation 
wbieh would be commonplace but 
for the extraordinary heightening 
which it receives from Mrs. Red- 
path's ma.sterly use of beautiful 

We know of no other writer of 
the period wbo has a greater power 
of evoking a sense of the poignancy 
of great beauty than Mrs. Redpath. 
One might liave supposed that 

stars and apple blo.s.som had been 
exhausted as symbols of imperish- 
able beauty; but she brings them to 
life again with a dexterous touch, 
an adjective of colour, an alterna- 
tion of vowel sounds, a haunting 
melody of words, and their spell is 
fiung "as effectively as ever. Here 
is a small instrument, a reed pipe 
in the dim-lit woods, a candle in a 
shadowy room; but these things 
<iave power to move the human 
heart to an exquisite emotion that 
the full orchestra, the blaze of day- 
light, cannot compass. The world 
would sooner give up all Milton 
than the hundred lines of Sappho. 

Fear the Greatest Evil. 

"All the miseries wrought by 
sin and sickness put together 
would not equal those we bring 
on ourselves by fear," says Basil 
King in his new book, telling 
how he himself fought and con- 
quered this greatest of life's ene- 
mies. In "The Conquest of Fear" 
he says that every one is dogged 
by fear in sotue form or another. 
The great merit of this book is 
that it not only shows how use- 
less and unnecessary this haunt- 
ing anxiety, but shows the way 
to conquer fear. 



Febniarv, 1922 

More About the Mons 

THE supply of information 
coueerning the behaviour of 
the vast number of spirits 
which once inhabited human 
bodies upon this mundane sphere, 
but have become detached there- 
from by the process known as 
death, goes on accumulating — for 
those who are-aible to accept it as 
information. The latest Canadian 
addition is contained in a little 
brochure of some 70 pages, "edit- 
ed," if we may use the term, by 
S. Norris Oughtred and Eric S. 
Bushell, and published by Rock, 
Ltd., Westmount. Que. It contains 
a verjf circumstantial account of 
the angelic demonstration at Mons, 
from which we gather that some 
rather emphatic measures had to be 
adopted by the celestial powers to 
convince the Teutonic "spirits" in 
the "spirit world" that they must 
refrain from all acts calculated to 
help the Germans to win the war. 
To those accustomed to the spirit- 
ualist conception of after-death 
existence, with its extraordinary 

(and to many minds repellent) 
resemblances to the life of the 
physical world in which we exist 
today, it will perhaps not be sur- 
prising that deceased German gen- 
erals were actively aiding Von 
Kluck and Hindenburg, and their 
forces, in large numbers, and that 
the Mons angels were sent as a 
reminder to them of the duties of 
strict neutrality which tliey owed 
.to their heavenly rulei-s. The 
angels had been preceded by a 
proclamation (the text of which i'? 
given in full, but without mention 
of its authorship), but there seems 
to have been some dispute in the 
spirit world as to the genuineness 
of this document, for we are told 
that "many a.sked for a sign," and 
many ''felt that the ideas set forth 
in the edict were mistaken ones." 
The angelic demonstration settled 
this trouble, for with truly Teu- 
tonic respect for overwhelming 
force, the German spirits ceased to 
help their living fellow-citizens 
from that hour. It must have been 
rather a blow to their pride to see 
how well the living Germans got 

along without tliem for some three 
years, in spite of being opposed by 
all the strength that could be af- 
forded to the Allies by the spirits 
of deceased British, French, Italian 
and (at any rate after a certain 
date) American warriors of all 
periods of history. One narrative 
in this book tells of the activities 
of "an ancient British bowman" 
in a costume reminiscent of Agin- 
court. who performed prodigies of 
valour (if an indestructible spirit 
can exhibit valour), in a trench 
'conflict in Flanders in 1916 or 

This is only the first volume of 
"Truth From the Spirit World." 
and future issues are to contain 
articles by Gladstone on the "Wash- 
ington Disarmament Conference. 
by the "Widow of Nain, and by 
other eminent disemlwdied entities. 
There are important advantagas 
about this species of contributor. 
He cannot bother the editor with 
last-minute corrections or demands 
for proofs. And presumably he 
will not expect to be paid, at any 
rate, in worldly eoia. 

Herbert Symonds — A Memoir 

"Memoirs of Herbert Symonds," 
edited by C. P. Shatford. Renouf, 
Montreal, $3. 

IN the death of Herbert Symonds 
Canada has lost one of her great 

men. A student, a scholar, a 
fearless thinker, a man who never 
".sat on the fence," but said 
straight out, what seemed to him 
the truth, careless whether others 
approved or disapproved. And 
withal a most humble, modest man, 
kindly and charitable in his 
thoughts of others: a Christian 

His memory we would not will- 
ingly let die. It was a happy 
thought of some friends to produce 
this volume sketching briefly his 
life with its many activities, and 
preserving some of the valuable 
thoughts which attracted and help- 
ed men in his lifetime. It is edited 
by Canon Shatford and contains 
his fine memorial sermon on his 
friend. A happy choice was made 

of a biographer, Rev. Jas. A. El- 
liott, known to Canadian readers 
as "Spectator," who knew much of 
the inner tlioughts of Dr. Symonds, 
and is evidently in deep sjonpathy 
with liim. After the memoir come 
thirty pages of Appreciations 
which, good as they are. we could 
well have spared to make room for 
more tliought.s from Dr. Symonds 
himself. One by Canon Plumptre, 
his intimate friend, is verj' "touch- 
ing. But Symonds was too big a 
man to need Appreciations and we 
liave only ten of his sermons and 
papers in the book. 

These ten are well chosen to re- 
present dominant thoughts in his 
teachings. The Unity of the Spirit, 
the Solidaritj' o'f the Race, Social 
Refonn, the Religious Outlook, 
Religion After the "War, Life's 
Struggle, etc. There is a noble 
.sermon on "Our Fallen Heroes," 
and an interesting lecture to the 
Dickens Fellowship on "The Old 
Curiosity Shop." 

They are fine utterances, and 
mnnv who he^ird them will be srlad 

to liave them in permanent form. 
But we have one criticism to make. 
They do not represent Dr. Symonds 
at his best. They are special ser- 
mons on special occasions, deliver- 
ed, one might say, to the general 
public. But the simple, loving, 
pastoral teaeliiug to his people 
which was his great life work, is 
not sufficiently pi'esented. 'We have 
no sermons on the Fatherhood of 
God or the Brotherhood of Man. 
tlie thoughts which dominated lii.s 
life. The simple little thoughts on 
Penitence and Prayer and the Son 
of God and the Tenderness ol" 
Christ, by which his people will 
best remember liim, ought to have 
had one or two specimens in the 
book. For in these the big, tender 
heart of the man was at its best. 

This is oxir only criticism. Apart 
from this, the editoi"s may be con- 
gratulated on a worthy memorial 
of tlie friend whom .so many loved, 
and tlie i>ublishers on producing a 
handsome and attractive book. It 
ouglit to liave a wide sale in Can- 

I"cl)iu:itv. 1922 

CAWiniA \ nooKM.W 


The Writing on the Wall 

FRO;\I '-Tlie AVritinj; on the 
AViill," )).v H. Glynn-Ward, 
(Sun Publishing Co., Ltd., 
Vancouvpr"*. wo sratlier that. Van- 
I'ouvor and Victoria, i)ea(H»ful and 
(l(>liirlitful cities thoutrh they ap- 
pear to till' iiniiistriu'tod eye, are 
really the scenes at this moment of 
a stupendous conflict, carried on 
with, all the arts of the most 
atrocious criminality, ])etwepn the 
Wliitc Man and the Yellow Man 
for tlie economic and political 
control of the Pacitic Coast. The 
extensive employment of fiction 
is one of the most interesting and 
up-to-date features of the anti- 
Oriental propaganda now going 
on not only in our own West, but 
in the Pacific States. It is hardly 
possible to take up a novel by any 
writer west of Calgarj^ or Salt 
Lake City without being made to 
shiver at the prospect of ten 
million ' Chinese and ten million 
Japanese, all criminals, but all de- 
voted to their respective empires. 

all living on two cents a day but all 
enormously wealthy, beco.ming the 
predominant landholders, factory 
ownei-s and voters of the western 
|iart of this continent. Even so 
peaceful a per.son as Robert Watson 
is touched by it. but it takes 
ir. Glynn-Ward to do the thing 
thoroughly. We .sunnise that one 
perusal of "The Writing on the 
Wall." and two drinks of British 
Columbia whislcy should make 
tbe most kind-hearted British 
Columbian go out and kill six 
Chinese laundrymeu with his bare 
hands. Eastern Canadians may find 
it less provocative, though not 
necessarily less entertaining; for 
somehow all the propagandists sug- 
gest quite distinctly that the Ori- 
entals do not want an>-thing farther 
east than the Rocky Mountains — or 
is it that to a Pacific Coast propa- 
gandist there is nothing east of the 
Rockies that even a Jap could pos- 
sibly want ? 

■The Writing on the Wall" is, 
apart from its special purjiose of 
stimulating hostility towards Ori- 
entals domiciled in Canada, a very- 
breezy and well-written tale about 
Coast politicians and police, and 
gambling-den omiers and hvl)our 
''padrones" and other verj' pictur- 
esque persons. The localization 
is 8o extreme that the author finds 
it necessary to premise thai all 
the characters are purely "fic- 
tionary, " which will not prevent 
many readers frowi fitting caps. 
The temptation to do so is much 
enhanced by the uniform unpleas- 
antness of all ibut two of the 
people in*the novel. Even Upton 
Sinclair has seldom done so highly- 
coloured a portrait-gallery of 
"enemies of the people." We 
should like to see this author at 
work on a story told for its nar- 
rative value alone, and not for the 
sermon to be taught by it. 

A Novel of the Acadian Marsh 

MEN of the Marshes, by John 
Frederic Herbin (Goodchild. 
Toronto, $2.00 \ is a tale 
about very interesting people in 
very interesting surroundings. Its 
scene is the inai-shy valley of the 
Gaspereau. with its great meadows 
of Grand Pre. with Cape Blomidon 
mistily outlined to the north, and 
with miles and miles of dyked land 
threatening ever and again to go 
back to the sea from which it was 
reclaimed. Its characters are sev- 
eral old farmers (Scottish and 
English) of the district, two newly 
arrived Englishmen, a returned 
• Acadian, and the young women of 
the farmers' families. They are 
not at all conventionalized, and one 
feels that to Mr. Herbin 's mind 
they are very much alive and self- 
moving. Yet the story as a whole 
is not completely satisfactory, and 
leaves a feeling that a larger 
amount of the technique of the 
novelist, a thing not to be acquired 
.save by practice, will enable IMr. 
Herbin to do much more effective 
work. An o\-cr-coascious eifort to 
reduce everything to dialogue lends 
to some pages of conveisation that 
do nothing but convey a fact that 
could have been told in a single 
sentence. And there is a sreat 

deal of mystification of the reader 
which is not relieved by the feeling 
that he is being carried along 
towards a solution. These are pure- 
ly defects in the technique of the 
tale-teller, defects which can read- 
ily be cured by practice and atten- 

Jen, the heroine, is the daughter 
of a not too prosperous Grand Pre 
farmer, and is on the whole a very 
charming picture. Everything tliat 
^ve see of her is natural and in 
character, but we do not see enough 
or rather, what we .see is not exhib- 
ited in sufficiently clear a light. 
For Mr. Herbin in hLs desire to 
produce a naturalistic picture, has 
omitted all focussing, allowing 
very unimportant characters con- 
tinually to take up our attention 
at times when we should like to be 
preoccupied with Jen and her 
handsome English lover. The life 
of rural Nnva Scotia needs a 
chronicler, and we look forward to 
seeing Mi: Herbin doing much iLse- 
fnl work in this capacity. 


Marjorie Benton Cooke (Gundy) 
and it presents a situation more 
ingenious, and productive of even 
more thrilling and hunim-ous in- 

It is the story of the sole heirs 
of two families, Marcia Living- 
•ston and Dennis Shawn, separated 
by an old feud, and even more 
by their condition — Dennis in 
California, penniless, and Marcia 
in New York, heiress to millions, 
affianced in bored indifference to 
a man she did not love. How. in 
order to prevent a disaster. Den- 
nis and ^larcia are legally mar- 
ried by wire and how, after in- 
credible adventures, the technical 
marriage, with its provision of 
annulment within si.K months, 
turns into a real marriage to last 
unto eternity — makes a novel that 
jaded readers will be grateful for. 


Xone of the swift ""race and wit 
that so marked "Bambi." "Cin- 
derella Jane," and "The Cricket," 
is lacking from "IVIarried?" by 

New Poetry Volumes. 

Four new volumes of poetry 
from the Cornhill Publishing Co. 
are, "Sea Lanes," by Burt Frank- 
lin Jenness: "With Star and 
CJrass," by Anna Spencer; "On 
the Des !5Ioines," by James Cloj^d 
Bowman, and "Tree Top Morn- 
ings," by Ethehvyn Wetherald. 
a Canadian poet. 


C'-4.V.17>/.1.V BOOKMAN 

Febniarv, 1922 


The following is tlie text ot an im- 
portant letter on copyright legislation 
in the United States and Canada writ- 
ten by Mr. G. Herbert Thring, Secret- 
ary of the Incorporated Society oC 
Authors, Playwrights and Composers 
of Great Britaili, and appearing in the 
Literary Supplement of the London 

Sir: The evolution of copyright 
legislation in the United States should 
be of interest to readers of the Literary 
Supptement, many of whom are own- 
ers of copyright property. There are 
but few, however, who appear to have 
knowledge of the rights they possess 
as owners of that property. The copy- 
right in books ie mainly dealt with in 
this I«tter, as the portion of a law deal- 
ing with book publication is more 
difficult and complicated than the por- 
tion dealing with other kinds of copy- 
right property. 

The Copyright Law in the United 
States was revised in 1873, when the 
first Act of any importance was passed. 
Under that Act no one who was not 
a citizen Oif the United States could 
obtain copyright in that country. In 
consequence there were but few authors 
and very little native literature, as al- 
most every attempt to obtain a liveli- 
hood by authorship was undersold by 
pirated copies ot the literature of 
other countries. Various amendments 
to this Act followed, but nothing that 
touched International relations until 
1891, when an Act, commonly known 
as the Chace Act, gave a chance to the 
foreigner to obtain copyright and at 
once gave a stimulus to the production 
of American literature. The benefits 
of this Act were extended to foreigners 
when the foreign country gave to Am- 
erican citizens "the benefit ot copyright 
on substantially the same basis as its 
own citizens." There was no need for 
a formal treaty, as a ProclamatioB o£ 
the President declared whether any 
country did grant <>opyriglit on the 
lines indicajted. Great Britain, its Do- 
minions, Colomes and Dependencies did 
gain by this Act; but there were cert- 
ain serious drawbacks, the chief ot 
which lay in the fact — patent in the 
Copyright Legislation of every country 
young in literary worke — the Govern- 
ments considered it was more import- 
ant to conciliate the trade than to pro- 
tect the property of the author from 
whose brain the work sprang. 

The following points will illustrate 
some ot the author's difficulties: 

1. In the ease of a book photograph, 
ohromo or lithograph, it must be print- 
ed from type eet within the limits of 
the United States or from plates made 
therefrom or from negatives or draw- 
ings on stone made within the limits 
ot the United States. 

2. The title of the work and two 
copies (now by amendment limited to 
one) had to be filed at Washington not 
later than the day of publication. 

3. A copyright notice in special form 
had to be printed in every copy so 

4. In the case of a book published in 
the English language, the requirements 
of the Act must be carried out within 
a certain time from the publication of 
the work outside the States. 

i>. Complicated difficulties — revealed 
by case law subsequently — arose n ob- 
taining the registration of copyright in 
an author's name when the work was 
published serially. 

The performance of an unpublished 
work was protected by common law, as 
performance under the Act did not 
amount to publication. In conseq'uence 
many dramatists kept control of their 
works by non-publication of their 

This Act of 1891 was modified by the 
.\ct of 1909 in several minor points, in 
which were included: 

1. It became possible to obtain stat- 
utory copyright in unpublished works 
"of which copies were not reproduced 
for sale." 

2. Publication with notice of owner- 
ship of the copyright became essential 
for obtaining copyright and not regis- 
tration at Washington as heretofore. 
But type-setting -was still a sine qua non 
for books -published in the English 

It is impossible in a short article to 
analyse the whole Act, but it is essen- 
tial to point out the main difficulties 
under which British subjects laboair. 
In addition the Act is badly drafted 
and difficult of interpretation. A great 
American copyright authority con- 
fessed that one clause alone could be 
interpreted in four different ways. 

The great obstacle in the way of 
International progress was and still is 
the type-setting clause promoted by 
the Typographical Union, which is one 
of the most powerful unions in the 
States. For many years the publish- 
ers, headed by George Haven Putnam 
and the Authors' League, with the 
authors and dramatists at its back, 
nave been crying out against the clause 
which, while it did not really benefit 
the Union of Typographers, was a seri- 
ous impediment in the evolution of a 
civilized nation. Strong words have 
been spoken against it, and none 
stronger than those uttered by the 
.\merieans themselves. The secretary 
of the Authors' League set about col- 
lecting evidence. When he had 
gathered sufficient and it all tended 
to show that the printing clause gave 
no real benefit to the trade, he ap- 
proached the heads of the union, not 
once, 'but many times. Finally, after 
many conferences and discussions, in 
the eummer of the present year the 
typographers are recorded as having 
expressed a willingness to make no 
opposition to legislation abrogating the 
manufacturing provisions. A public 
notice to that effect was printed in the 
Pumishers' Weekly (U.S.A.). Further 
minor amendments have been made 
during the war to protect the copy- 
rights both in Great Britain and the 
States, referring to the time limit un- 
der which it is possible to obtain copy- 
right for a book. 

By the latest amendment it is 
possible to obtain copyright in the 
United States by filing at Washington 
a copy of the work as published in 
Great' Britain, within sixty days of 
publication, and by piiiUshing the book 
from tM)6 set in the U.S.A., subject to 
the other teehnicalities of the U.S. A 
.\ct, within four months from the date 
of filing. 

It is necessary now to turn for a 

moment to Canadian copyright, for the" 
evolution of legislation in Canada de- 
pends a great deal on, and is inter- 
locked with, that of the United States. 
Canada is more than six years behind 
in copyright legislation. She has 
never, like the other Dominions, ad- 
apted to her own requirements the 
British Act of 1911. This is partly 
owing to the difficulties with the Unit- 
ed States and partly to the indifference 
of the C^anadian (>ovemment towards 
the protection of authors' property. In 
the winter of 1920, the British Incorp- 
orated Society of Authors, Playwrights 
and Composers sent out its secretary 
to Canada and the United States to in- 
vestigate the position. The intrigues 
and lobbyings connected with the Can- 
adian efforts cannot be chronicled in 
detail: suffice it that as in the United 
States so in Canada the trade holds 
the dominant influence: and a law was 
passed in 1921 clearly bearing out this 
view But the law is not to be pro- 
claimed by the Governor-General in 
Council until it is in accord with the 
Berne Convention, and is not antagon- 
istic to the rights of Canadiati authors 
in Great Britain and the United States. 
The British Government is not likely 
to oppose the Act either so far as it 
refers to those countries. Colonies and 
Dependencies governed by the Act of 
1911, or so far ae the Berne Convention 
is concerned. 

It would be a serious matter then ■' 
the iCanadian Government proclaimed 
the Act without a proper settlement 
with the United States. For the Act 
is drafted with a view of obtaining 
retaliatory measures against the print- 
ing clause in the present United States 

In the meantime, those interested in 
the further development of copyright 
legislation in the States are hurrying 
forward amendments. It is possible 
that wTien the ty^pe-setting clause is re- 
moved, a duty may he set against the 
importation of sheets. This seems not 
unreasonable. (Indeed, all retributory 
measures in copyright should be taken 
through the Customs, rather than 
through the Copyright Law. If this 
"lad been done years ago, much trouble 
would have been avoided.) 

It is probable that the States may 
still reserve some system of registra- 
tion which would not contravene the 
Berne Convention. This, also, is not un- 
reasonable. Indeed, there are many 
advocates of some form of registration 
among those interested in copyright 
property in Great Britain. But what- 
ever alterations and amendments are 
snggested. it is fervently to be hoped 
that the whole law will be redrafted 
and simplified. 

It will be seen from this slight sur- 
vey that both the United States and 
Canada are on the eve ot important 
changes. It is hoped that the Govern- 
ments of both countries will consider 
carefully the ideals that have stimu- 
lated copyright legislation of recent 
years in all civilized countries, and 
will legislate for the benefit ot the 
owners of the property and not the 
trade, thus bringing a great literature 
to their own country and a great ad 
dition to the claims oit international 

Yours truly, 

Februarv, \92Z 



Among Authors and Bookmen 

Major Rodulphe Oiranl, Thevalierde 
la Legion d'Hoiineur, Croix de Guerre. 
OMcer de I'lnstruction Publique, au- 
thor of many noted books and plays, 
has just published a social and politi- 
cal comedy in four acts entitled "Les 
Ailes Cassees." The scene is laid in 
Montreal and Ottawa. The play is to 
be translated into English. 

Captain C. E. Lart. who is the au- 
thor of the articJe, "Eye-Witnesses' 
Accounts of the British Repulse of Ti- 
conderoga," in the December Canadian 
Historical Review, is doing a great 
dea'. of important research work in 
Canadian history and genealogy in the 
British Museum and also in France. 
He writes to The Canadian Bookman: 
"I have just found a large amount of 
papers in France dealing with the 
Acadians of Nova Stotia. and these 
will be published by the Canadian 
.Archives Department. They practically 
recon.stitute the parochial registers of 
Acadia (lost or destroye<l after the ex- 
pulsion), of Cobequid, Pisiguit. Minas 
(Grand Prf ). and Riviere anx Canards, 
and in many cases give the pedigree 
back to the first settler from France." 
Captain Larfs knowledge of early 
Canadian pedigrees, both French and 
English, is very extensive. His ad- 
dress is First House. HarI>Ti Bay. 
Padstow, Cornwall. England. 

Mr. C. C. Pemberton has resigned 
from the position of secretary of the 
Victoria and Islands Branch of the 
Canadian Authors' Association, but 
remain? an active and earnest adher 
ent of the branch. He is rep'.aced by 
Mrs. Dorothy Bishop, widely known 
under her pen-name of H. Cheriton 
Hilgate. and also over her own signa- 
ture, as a writer of forceful and sin- 
cere verse which has found a resting- 
place in such discerning periodicals as 
the Westminster Gazette and the 
Royal Colonial Institute Journal. Sev- 
eral new names are added to the exe- 
cutive committee of the branch, which 
now consists of the four chief officers, 
already, named in a recent issue, and 
L. Adams Beck. George Dyke, Lieut.- 
Colonel Flick. Major F. V. Longstaff. 
C. C. Pemberton. Marjorie C. T. 
Plckthall. R. Sheldon-Williams, and 
two honorary members in the persons 
of Editor C. Swayne. of the Colonist 
and Editor B. C. Nicholas of the 

W. Everard Edmonds, whose "Stu- 
dies in Western Provincial Govern, 
ment" have been appearing in the Ed- 
monton Journal, will contribute a 
series of brief historical articles dur 
ing 1922 to the Canadian Magazine on 
"Great Days in Our Empire's History." 

Many Canadians of English as well 
as of French tongue will be interested 
to know that La Revue Modeme, the 
Montreal monthly edited by Mme. 
Huguenin. published in its December 
issue a practical'y complete list of the 
works by Canadian authors in the 
French language which are procurable 
from the trade. It included about 250 
titles. The number of important 
French-Canadian works which are out 
of print is unfortunately very large, a 
situation which is good for the col 
lector, but bad for literature. 


In whose new book, "Success," there is a special message for those with energy, 
hope and ambition. 


One of the more important of the 
forthcoming pub ications of the Mac 
millan Company of Canada, Limited 
is the first collected volunite of verse 
by Louise Morey Bowman. The title of 
the volume will probably be 'Moon 
rise and Common Day," though we un- 
derstand this detail is not finally set- 

Mrs. Bowman's work is ver.v well 
and favorably known to lovers of 
verse, particularly of the more mod- 
ern manner of it. She has attracted 
attention by her contributions to im- 
portant and tasteful publications in 
Canada, England and the United 
States, and is assured of a very re- 
ceptive public. 

The January Canadian Forum is an 
Interesting number, containing a cle- 
verly-written short story by P. A. W 
Wallace (in which truth to character 
is preferred to conventional heroics) 
and a brief and pithy letter by Basil 
King in reply to Professor Fairley's 

December criticism of Canadian Au- 
thors' Week. Professor J. A. Dale 
deals with the criticism of Canadian 
university education recently formu- 
lated by Secretary Foran of the Civil 
Service Commission on the strength 
of the failure of candidate to pass the 
Comiltission's test of "general knowl- 
edg6>" and concludes that the test was 
not one of "general knowledge" in any 
proper sense, and that the questions 
asked should have been directed to a 
"prospective specialist" — say, "a 
student in a University School of Com- 

The Bookman's Journal and Print 
Collector, of London. England, oper- 
ated as a weekly for nearly two years, 
has been converted into a monthly, 
and can be obtained on this side from 
R. R. Bowker Co., 62 West 4oth Street. 
New York, at 50 cents (two shillings 
in England). The Journal has made 
itself very serviceable to collectors, 
and has a distinguished list of contri- 
butors. An article in the January is- 
sue by M. Annesley on " 'Bulls' in 
Books" should be read and noted by 
many Canadian novelists. 


Books Received 


"Connor, Ralph (Rev. C. W. Gordon), 
■To Him That Katli", McClelland, To- 
ronto. — Characterization and method 
i,".osely similar to those of "The Sky 
Pilot" and "Black Rock" are here ap- 
plied to a tale that has a good deal to 
do with the economic disturbances of 
the present era in big industrial cities. 
Ralph Connor seaks to be a mediator 
between capital and labour, and his 
book wii: undoubtedly be widely read, 
and may exert considerable influence. 

Mine, Muriel, "Torquil's Sicoess", 
Gundy, Toronto. $2.00. — Good example 
of Miss Mine's vivid and highly-col- 
oured narrative, with a noble-hearted 
author and a terribly naughty lady 
aristocrat as chief personages- The 
professional English novel in full 

Jacobsen, J. Peter, "Niels Lyhne". 
Gundy, Toronto, ?2.25. — Jacobsen Is 
one of the fathers of modern Scandi- 
navian literature, and this is his most 
important and probably most autobio- 
.!;raphical novel. But its interest is 
largely historical, and this translation 
is not like'y to rival in popularity the 
versions of Hamsun and Bojer, which 
are so widely read in English-speak- 
ing countries. 

Maher, Richard Aumerle, "The 
Works of Satan", I.Iacmillan. Toronto, 
.$2.00. — A good novel, or rather series 
of loosely-strung episodes, if one can 
forget the extreme impossibility of the 
means by which each successive epis- 
ode is brought about. One can imagine 
a vilage in Northern New York being 
turned upside down once, or even 
twice, by a lie told by the village pre- 
varicator for no other reason than so 
to turn it. but not every weok tor 
years on end. By the author of "The 
Hills of Desire." 

Phlllpotts, Eden, "Eudocia", Mac 
millan, Toronto, $2.25-— Mr. Phlllpotts 
is an exceptionally hard-working nov- 
elist whose industry can be devoted 
as readily to the resuscitation of the 
late Byzantine Empire as to the de- 
picting of modern Cornwall. All of 


his works afford pleasure to Phill- 
pottsites, and some in varying degrees 
to those who are not of that clan. We 
doubt if "Eudocia," in spite of its 
background of Oriental gorgeousness 
lavishly painted, wi 1 appeal to a very 
wide public. 

Robinson, Edwin Meade, "Enter 

Jerry". Macmillau, Toronto, $2.00.— 
The fashion for autobiographies of 
one's school days has spread to In- 
diana. Mr. Robinson was a nice boy. 
and as interesting as most. But the 
a.utobios'raphy fiction of adolescent 
life begins to pall a little. By the 
author of "Pipings and Panniugs." 

Stringer, Arthur, "Are All Men 
Alike?" McClellaDd, Toronto. — Two 
stories, of little more than ordinary 
short-story proportions, to'd with a 
technical dexterity that Mr. Stringer 
has acquired in years of conscientious 
work. The first contains little more 
than technique, though Its central 
thought, that of the girl who uses the 
povfer of sex to obtain from men the 
things that she wants and fails to 
realize the obligations that she thus 
incurs, is one of the most useful in all 
.\merican fiction for serious writers, 
and one that Mr. Stringer could handle 
seriously to fine effect. The second is 
laid in Kent County, Out., and is a big 
piece of work — perhaps with just a 
little too niuc'.i attention to the mo- 
mentary thrill and too little of the per- 
manent satisfaction of the reader. 

Walpole, Hugh, "The Young En 
chanted", McClelland, Toronto. — Mr. 
Walpole has an amazing variety of 
styles at his command. This book is 
:iu example of his ultra-romantic — a 
blend of Mr. Locke and Compton Mac- 
kenzie. It contains no rememberable 
liersons. but it is full of action and 

February, 1922 

pleasant sentiment, and it jiv^t grazes 
the War. and lots of people wi;i be de- 
lighted with it. 

BIymyer, William H., "The Isolation 
Plan", Cornhii:, Boston. $2.00.— A pro- 
ject for ending war by "general dis- 
armament, arbitration and the sanc- 
tion of non-intercourse." Discipline is 
to be enforced on recalcitrant nations 
by economic boycott, instituted by an 
international court after an impartial 
hearing. The author maintains that 
this involves a minimum of interfer- 
ence with national sovereignty. 

Bowen, Minnie Hallowell, "The 
Story of the Lone Pine," Mrs. Cecil 
Bowen, Sherbrooke, Que. — A little 
brochure of verses, narrating in imag- 
inative form the life-liistory of the 
great pine-tree in the St. Francis 
River which was blown down in 19i:i 
after a life of many hundreds of years. 
Mrs. Bowen has admirable command 
of versification, and varies her metre 
her tempo and her style in close con- 
formity with her subject. The content 
of her message, v/hile not profound, is 
suggestive and impressive, and the 
whoe short work will give pleasure 
and profit. 

Brown, Alice, "One Act Plays", Mac- 
niillan. Toronto, $2 50. — This volume 
by the author of that brilliant novel. 
"The Wind Between the Worlds," con- 
tains two or three of the best short 
plays of the recent American stage 
("Joint Owners in Spain" is a'most as 
good as anything of Lady Gregory's) 
and at least two of the worst. But the 
volume is necessary to any collection 
of the I>etter-class American drama. 
The author should keep away from 
sentimental love episodes; the Broad- 
way playwright does them much 

Bryce, James (Viscount), "Canada 
An Actual Democracy", Macmillan, 
Toronto, $1.00. — The very important 
chapters on Canada from Viscount 
Bryce's monumental work, '.'Modern 
Democracies." arranged in a conven- 
ient volume tor Canadians. The book 
has already been extensively adopted 
as a college text. 


Canadian Author, who writes under the pen 

name of Luke Allen. His latest novel is 

"The Lone Trait" 


An interesting photo of The Limberlost 



Whose 'If Winter Comes" is one of the big 

novels of a decade. 

February, 1922 





The Book of Common Prayer 

According to the Use of the Church of England 
in the Dominion of Canada. 




The Cambridge University Press 




Toronto: 215-219 Victoria Street. 


Rubj', 32mo edition, ordinary' paper Bourgeois, 32mo edition, ordinary paper 

Ruby, 32mo edition, India paper Bourgeois, 32mo edition, India paper 

Small Pica, 24mo edition, ordinary paper 

Small Pica, 24mo edition, India paper 


ItAs representatives of the Official Publishers, we are showing the largest and 
only complete range of samples in all bindings. 

^Our travellers have with them completely printed and finished copies of the 
New Prayer Book — the only copies yet available in Canada. 

1[We are co-operating with the Trade in regard to Church supplies. 

^We are the exclusive agents for the new Canadian Prayer Book. You will, 
therefore, be best served by drawing your supplies of the Prayer Book, with 
or without hymns, from us. 

McClelland & stew art, limited 

Sole Canadian Representatives Cambridge University Press 
215-219 Victoria Street - - - TORONTO, CAN.^A 



February, 1922 

Canadian Short Stories From Periodicals 

FAR from thinking that the 
present compilation repre- 
sents a complete bibliography 
of Canadian short stories which 
have appeared in magazines, I real- 
ize that my selection of authors 
lays me lialble to severe criticism, 
and that my lists of stories are woe- 
fully incomplete. Nevertheless. I 
know of no similar work, a work 
the need of which I have repeatedly 
felt while building up a course in 
Canadian Literature. My hope in 
submitting such a list to the Can- 
adian public, and my sole excuse 
for so doing, is that the list may be 
made the object of attack by 
scholars who are able and willing 
to sTipplement and correct it. so 
that eventually a list may be acces- 
sible which the student can consult 
with profit. 

I have leaned too heavily on two 
excellent guides, namely, Francis 
J. Hannigan's "The Stanaard 
Index of Short Stories 1900-1914" 
(Boston. 1918). and Ina Ten Eyck 
Firkins' "Index to Short Stories" 
rWhite Plain.s. N.Y.. 1915). In most 
cases I have been unable to check 
up on the dat,a contained in these 
books, which is, of course, a con- 
fidence well placed, if unscholarly. 
I feel .sure that many important 
works as well as authors have es- 
caped me. through not having 
access to files of Canadian maga- 
zines and literary .supplements to 
Canadian newspapers, and to a 
complete index to British maga- 
zines. At any rate I can only hope 
that those more fortunate will be 
patient and kind enough to com- 
plete this all too inadequate work, 
so that we may have a guide to 
this department of literature in 
which Canada has acquitted her- 
self so worthily. 

Allan Gillis, Farmer and Scholar 
Canad. M., 10.433. At Point Aux Pins, 
Canad. M., 5.140. Barry the Bad, 
Canad. M., 28.553. The Convert from 
Camp 2. Canad. Md.. 15.434. The 
Cornflower, Canad. M., 6315. Dr. 
Dorothy Treherne, Canad. M., 20.558. 
An Easiter Event. Canad. M.. 18.560. 
Experiences of a Woman Baohelor, 
Canad. M. 26.154. A Parmer's Daugh- 
ter, Canad. M., 7.535. Grown Baby, 
Canad. M., 17.116. Harbour Lights of 
Home, Canad. M., 20.28. On the Pan- 
oka Reserve, Canad. M., 21.458. The 
Re-Christening of Humpy, Canad. M., 
18.271. Word in Season, Canad. M., 

By Robert Max Garrett 

Canad. M., 3.527. Love's Tragedy at 
Scratch's Point, Canad. M., 3.325. 

"General" Bain of Sandy Beach 

By the Book, Canad. M., 25.341 
Cupid Junior, Canad. M., 38.145. 
Easter Week at Rome, Canad. M., 
32.562. In Marconiland, Canad. M., 
32.426. Mamie in Venice, Canad. M., 
28.436. My Bridal Trip, Canad. M., 
20.10. A Rest Cure, Canad. M., 
30.270. Shaw's Comedy, Canad. M., 
23.258. The Weaning of Arthur 
Browning, Canad. M., 28.326. Two 
Fools, Leslie's M., 55.222. 


The Heir Apparent, Harper, 110.625. 
A Mother in India, Scrih., 33.747; 
34.107. The Pool in the Desert, Cent., 


Buried Treasure, Atlantic, 116.192. 
Canadian Ida and English Nell, Metro, 
34.279. The Comrade, Canad. M., 
43.148. D'ye Ken John Peel, Woman's 
H. C, 46.14. Explorers of the Dawn, 
Atlantic, 124.532. Romance, Canad. 
M., 46.385. Son of a Miser, Mun., 
239.750. The Spirit of the Dance, 
Canad. M., 35.37. The Thief at St. 
Loo, Mun. 28.182. The Year's at the 
Spring, Metro., 34.141. 


The Montmorenci Election, Every- 
body's, 7.97. 


Animal Shop. Harper, 126.79. Art 
of Terry Lute, Century, 85.397. Beat 
t'Harbor, Harper, 107.614. Best of a 
Bad Job, Harper, 124.410. Black Pawn, 
HJarper, 125.264. Boss of the Gang, 
Canada M., 25.506. Breaking Camp at 
Kantara, Harper, 118.516. Breath of 
the North, McClure, 22.44. By-an'-By 
Brown of Blunder Cove, Harper, 
117.526. Cast Away on Feather's Fol- 
ly, Cosmo, 41.353. Chase of the Fin- 
back Whale, Outing, 44.679. Chase of 
the Tide, Outing, 44.679; MoClure, 
17.307. Comedy of Candlestick Cove, 
Harper, 114.954. Croesus of Ginger- 
bread Cove. Harper. 125.862. Cure of 
Hezekiah. Harper. 115.940. Diwan or 
Ahmed Ased-Ullah, Harper, 118.198. 
Dog With a Bad Name, Outing, 51.705. 
The Dream of Nageeb Fiami, Canad. 
M., 25.241. Every Man tor Himself, 
Harper, 113.255. Father for the Baby, 
Harper, 122.933. Fool of Skeleton 
Tickle, Outlook, 81.229. For the Hand 
of Haleem, Atlantic, 86.347. Fruits of 
Toil, McClure, 19.257. God in Israel, 
Harper, 126.165. Halfyard's Mutiny, 
Canad. M.. 25.433. Healer from Far- 
Away Cove. Harper, 105.669. Hlggins — 
A Man's Christian, Harper. 119.165. In 
the Absence of Mrs. Halloran. Atlan- 
tic. 85.255. In the Fear of the Lord, 
Atlantic. 90.95. John Pairmeadow's 
Foundling, Harper, 122.298. Judgment 
of John Fainneadow, Harper, 122.77. 
Lamp of Liberty, Atlantic, 85.649. Lee 
Shore Off Soap-an'-Water, Century, 
984.455. Little Romance, Harper. 
119.841. Lower Animal, Harper, 
124.752. Madonna of the Tinkle 

Tickle, Atlantic, 110.615. Minstrel, 
Hari>er, 117.29. Miracle at Pale Pet- 
er's, Harper, 123.239. Ninety-ninth 
Notch, Harper, 114.633. Of the Real 
Sea, Outing, 40.590. One Day's Ad- 
ventures, Harper, 118.133. Ordination 
of John Fairmeadow, Outl., 97.649. Our 
Harbor, Outl., 77.846. People from the 
East, Harper, 106.553. Questing Vet- 
eran, Harper, 120.245. Raging of the 
Sea. McClure, 18.433. Regenerate, 
Cent., 81.439. Revolution at Satan's 
Trap, Cent., 74.185. Romance of 
Whooping Harbor, Harper, 111.268. 
Santa Claus at Lonely Cove, Atlantic, 
92.742. Small Sam Small, Harper, 
122.736. Spirit of Revolution, Mc- 
Clure, 15.466. Squall, Harper, 116.826. 
Stitch in Time, Harper, 122.463. 
Strength of Men, MoClure, 21.532. 
Suitable Child, Harper, 119.50. Sur- 
plus, Harper, 116.749. Sympathetic 
Part. Harper, 120.858. They Who 
Lose at Love, Harper, 112.338 Way- 
farer, Atlantic, 98.145. With That 
Measure of Love, Harper, 112.579. 
Wreck of the Will o' the Wisp, Canad. 
M., 25.440. Yarn or Sink or Swim, 
Harper, 108.444. Youngisters of the 
Seven Seas, Harper, 122.126. 

A Modem Perseus, Canad. M., 
10.445. Our Abbe, Canad. M., 8.82. 


Ace of Hearts, Canad. M., 24.147. 
Apostasy of Moung Pyu, Canad. M., 
26.523; Metrop. 23.207. Awakening of 
Rastus, Col., 33.19. Ballygunge Cup, 
Canad. M., 23.451. Blooding of a Grif- 
fin, Col. 33.17. Brave Heart, Sat. 
E. P.. 176.35. Brunswick Diamond, 
Sat. E. P., 172.75. By the Grace of 
Chance, Canad. M.. 12.216. Capture 
of the Canton, Lippinc, 71.227. Cap- 
ture of Sheitan, Canad. M., 13.297. 
Conversion of Sweet-Grass, Canad. M., 
Corruptionist, Canad. M., 30.523, 
Dacoit, 12.216. Chalk Horses, Canad. 
M.. 27.548. Taunia, Canad. M., 24.505. 
Diplomat's Sacrifice. Canad. M., 23.118. 
Ek Aukie. the Man Eater, Sat. E. P., 
179.6. Finnerty of the Elephant Ked- 
dah, Canad. M., 27463. Fusee Re- 
divivus. Sat. E. P.. 177.6. Gaudy 
Combat. Col. 34.19. Girl from Georgia. 
Canad. M., 28.265. Glove Stakes, 
Canad. M., 28.179. Haste of Joe Sav- 
arin. MoClure. 28.658. Homecoming 
of the Xakannies. Ladles' H. J., 17.3; 
Canad. M., 14.207. Infatuartion of Ack- 
erly, MoClure, 14.222. Little Sister at 
Saint's Lake, Canad. M., 19.451. Little 
Smoke and Much Fire. Col. 33.14. 
Love Affairs of the Twins, Sat. E. P., 
173.3. Love and the Capello, Canad. 
M., 11.11. Mahnet, Harper, 103.268. 
Marie the Hun. Everybody's, 14.353. 
Medicine-Making of Naskiwis, Canad. 
M, 21.19. My Friend the Count, 
Canad. M., 19.353. Misled Collie, 
Canad. M., 26.22. Motherhood. Col., 
36.22. Muzzled Collie, Metro, 21.717. 
Nawaz Khan: the Gift of Allah. Sat. 
E. P., 172.812. Net of Leo, Delin., 
2.859. Offcastings of Nichemons, 
Delin.. 58.738. Outcasts, Sat. B. P., 
173.1 and four numbers following. 
Patient Fog Signal. Col., 33.19. Poree 

Febniarx , 1922 

r.l.V.l/>/.l.\ BOO KM AN 


THE HOPE t^h'e future 



HIS is a remarkable book by an American of wide vision, who preaches 
the doctrine of world citizenship as against the parochial attitude that 
has characterized too many of his compatriots. 

1|A message that promotes better understanding between the United States 
and the component parts of the British Empire. 

U Special forewords by spokesmen for the governments of Canada and the 
other nations of the Empire. 

A Book Deserving a Place in Every Home in Canada. 





you want a good book 
— one in which .there is 
real interest, we would 
suggest a Bank Book. 
There is no better 

The Royal Bank 
of Canada 


Ruby, Metro.. 27.618. Re-christendnig 
of DiaWo, Canad. M., 23.315. Remit- 
tance Man, >Sat. E. P., 174.4. Resur- 
rection of P. I. G., Liipplnc. 71.104. 
Ride of Waster Cavendish. Cosmop., 
39 251; Canad. M., 25.545. Salvage of 
the Santa Maria. Sat. E. P., 172.1027; 
Canad. M., 15.216. Scoring of the 
Rajah, Canad. M.. 23.214. Shattered 
AposUe, Col.. 33.19. Snake's Paradise, 
Canad. M., 17.116. Stealing of the 
Buddha Pearl. Canad. M.. 12.530. 
Stolen Kasaba, Metro., 24.179. Story 
With Atmosphere, Col., 33.16. Tea 
Dance at Fort Donald, Canad. M., 
12.529. Tiger God, Sat. E. P., 1S0.3: 
and number following. Treble-Cross, 
MoClure, 25.157; Canad. M.. 26.317. 
Turbulents, Cent., 70.833. 


Weep, Poor Will. Canad. M., 25.499. 


A-flat Major Polonaise, Cent., 78.504. 
Antiquity of the "Ronald." Canad. M.. 
25.224, 320. Compensated, Cent., 80.24, 
177, 383. Goosander, Canad. M., 24.67, 
120. Man With the Horse's Neck, 
American, 74.425. New Power, Cent., 
78.120. Oriented, Cent., 77.564. Over- 
proof, Cent., 72.399. Unofficial Love 
Story, Cent., 78.825; 79.32. 


The Haunting Thaw, Canad. M., 


At the Harbour Mouth, Canad. M., 
26.59, 162. Blue Cloak, Canad. M., 
22.419, 538. A Little Immigrant, 
Canad. M., 28.147. 


Adelina, Imitator, Canad. M., 40.140. 
Case of Philip Cheeseborough, Canad. 
M., 38.134. Ever-ready Lena, Ladies' 
H. J., 31.11. Frieda's Engagement, 
Canad. M., 31.21. Gifts, Canad. M., 
32.157. In These Good Enligthtened 
Days, Canad. M., 39.280. Pseudo- 
Theos'ophist, Canad. M., 34.164. 


A Queen of Tatters. Canad. M., 


Ashes of Dreams, Canad. M., 50.95. 
A Breeze from Be>X)nd, Canad. M., 
43.340. Curtain, Canad. M., 48.89. 
Depulty Claimant, Canad. M., 19.457. 
Despair of iSandy Mcintosh, Canad. 
M., 24.551. Green Gate, Canad. M., 
45.242. Heliotrope, Canad. M., 52.613. 
726, 843, 920. Inside the Envelope, 
Canad. M., 36.517. The Lie, Canad. 
M., 42.142. Moses and the Prophets. 
Canad. M., 36.459. New Lajnps for 
Old, Canad. M.. 34.9. Other Miss Rob- 
bins, Canad. M., 25.451. Other Side 
of the Fence, Canad. M., 28.246. Slight 
Misunderstanding, Canad. M., 8.231. 
Through the Wall, Canad. M., 32.331. 

The Live Wire, Canad. M., 27.123. 
Wedding March, Delin., 73.75. 


Civil War, Canad. M., 8.109. Men of 
Blood, Canad. M., 14.61. Women of 
St. Honoria's, Canad. M., 14.472. 


T!he Assimilation of Christina, 
Canad. M., 41.607. 



Elopement of Kidnapper Sporum, 
Canad. M., 31.453. Her Huslband's 
Partner, Canad. M., 40.335. Taking of 
Scar-Face, Canad. M., 32.356. 

A la Gaumine, Harper's W., 48.2000; 
Canad. M., 41.607. As Told to His 
Grace. Tales of the French Revolu- 
tion, Harper. 83.1. A King for a Week, 
129; II. Monsieur Le Comte, 255; HI. 
An Adjustment of Accounts, 360; IV. 
Caohe^ache, 528; V. An Interrupted 
Story; VII. A Letter, 704. Coureur de 
Bois, Canad. M., 11.321. A Gentleman 
of the Royal Guard, Harper. 87.G09. 
Indiscretion of Gros^e Boule, Harper, 
99.814. MelcSioir Stories, Harper, 84; 
De Llttr Modder, 167; Johnny Raw- 
son and Chunky Peters, 539; La 
Cabane, 702; La Messe de Minuit. 
142; Malouin, 910; Marie, 345. P'ti' 
Barquette, Harper, 85.71. Question of 
Courage, Harper, 97.190. 


Dissimilarity of Vanessa, Harper's 
B., 34.264. House of Plutus. Harper's 
B., 34.900. Playing of the Game, 
Canad. M., 14.157. Upper Hand, 
Canad. M., 32.546. 


A Hurried Postcript, Canad. M., 
15.381. My First Sermon, Canad. M., 
15.477. My First Sweetheart, Canad. 
M 15.157. Thrown In, Canad. M., 
34.539: 55.82, 170, 260, 347. An Un- 
posted Letter, Canad. M., 16.36". 


Albel and His Great Adventure, 
Canad. M., 48.355. Akin to Love, 
Canad. M., 34.143. By Grace of Julius 
Caesar. Canad. M., 31.412. The Doc- 
tor's Sweetheart, Canad. M., 31.154. 
Each In His Own Tongue, Delin., 
76.247. Emily's Husiband, Canad. M., 
22.78. The Finished Story, Canad. M., 
40.108. Garden of Old Delights, 
Canad. M., 35.154. Hurrying of Lud- 
ovic, Canad. M., 25.67. Kismet, Canad. 
M., 13.228. Parting of the Ways, 
Canad. M., 28.335. Promise of Lucy 
Ellen, Delin., 63.268. Quarantine at 
16.495. Return of Hestet, Canad. M., 
33.73. Son of His Mother, Canad. M., 
22.469. Storj- of His Love, Canad. M., 
36.487 Tannis of the Flats, Canad. 
M., 42.275. 


At Point of Bugles, Idler, 6.603. At 
the Mercy of Tiberius, Pall Mall M., 
20.4. At the Sign of the Eagle, Llv. 
Age, 198.264; National R. (London), 
21.518. Baron of Beauregard, Idler, 
6.395. Buckmaster's Bay, Sat. E. P.. 
180.10. Camp-Meeting at Mayo, Cos- 
mop., 53.51. Castaway of the South. 
Eng. Illustr., 9.210. Error of the Day. 
Everv1>odv, 15.44. Eye of the Needle, 
Pall Mall M., 19.292. Fielding Had an 
Orderly, Pall Mall M., 18.4510. Find- 
ing of Fingall, MoClure, 3.348. Flight 
of the McMahons, Cosanop., 54.184. 
Flower of the Flock, Pall Mall M., 
22.500. Friend of the Commune, Eng. 
Illustr., 10.61; Liv. Age, 195.651. 
George's Wife, Sat. E. P., 180.18. GUt 
of the Simple King, Idler, 6.255. Girl 
and the Anarch, Cosmop., 50.35. Go 
ing of the White Swan, Scribner. 
17.65. Greait Minus, Scribner, 54.665. 
Guest That Tarried, Col., 43.13. House 
With the Broken Shutter, Eng. Illustr.. 
12 No 11. House With the Tall Porcfh. 

February, 1922 

McClure, 1.5333. Lake of the Great 
Slave, Idler, 6.143. Level Crossing, 
Co8mo(p., 51.175. Uttle Bell of Hon- 
our, Cent., 51.881. Little Widow of 
Jansen, Sat. E. P., 180.5. Malachl, 
Alexander Abraiham's, Everybody's, 
Eng. Illustr., 12 No. 29. March of the 
White Guard, Good Words 32, Christ- 
mas No. 51. Man at the Wheel, Canad. 
M., 13.101; Atlan., 83.785. Marollle, 
Sat. E. P., 180.20. Mathurin, Liv. Age, 
212.112. Michel and Angele, Harper, 
101.685, 895. Norah, Col., 44.11. Old 
Roses, Liv. Age, 194.382. On the Reef 
of Norman's Woe, Pall Mall M., 19.436. 
Once at Red Man's River, Sat. E. P., 
180.18. Pilot of Belle Amour, Cos- 
mop., 15.334. Pretty Pierre, Eng. Il- 
lustr., 9.53. Price of the Grindstone 
iind the Drum, Pall Mall M., 19.149. 
Rawley's Last Gamble, Canad. M., 
30.110. Red Patrol, Eng. Illustr., 12, 
No. 4.33. Scaret Hunter, Liv. Age, 
193.465; Macmillan, 65.376. Singing 
of the Bees and the White Omen, Eng. 
Illustr., 12, No. 7.23. Spoil of the 
Puma, Cosmop., 15.80. Stakes and the 
Plumlb-Line, Everybody's, 14.156. Tall 
Master, Liv. Age, 195.665; National 
R. (London), 20.108. "There is Sor- 
row on the Sea," A Lancashire Story, 
Idler, 7.297. There Was a Little City, 
New R., 12.589. Three Command- 
ments in the Vulgar Tongue, Atlant., 
73.613. Three McMahons, Cosmop., 
51.400. To-morrow, Sat. E. P., 180.11. 
Treaty of Peace, Sat. E. P., 173.4: Pall 
Mall M., 21.540. The Tune McGilvray 
Played, Canad. M., 10.131. Tyrant 
and the Lady, Sat. E. P., 175.3 and 
three numbers following. Unpardon- 
able Liar. Eng. Hlustr.. 11.51, 162. 
Watchine the Rise of Orion, Book- 
lover's M.. 7.281. When the Swallows 
Homeward Flv, Delin., 66.1075. Whis- 
perer Cosmop.. 40.503. White Weaver, 
MacmlUan's M., 66.462. Woman In 
the Morgue. Liv. Ape. 190.333: Mac- 
mlllan's M., 64.104. Woodman's Story 
of the Great White Chief. McClure, 
'130 Yon Never Know Your Lnck, 
Mun.. 51.601. Youne Lion of Bedan. 
Sat. E. P.. 175.4: Pall MaJll M.. 27.475. 
Black Orchid. MoClure. 35.567. 
Chean, Harner. 128.848. Eve of a 
Needle, Hamer W., 58.19. J^H^lf- 
Beman. 24.17. Friends. Cent., 87 754. 
He That Cometh After, Harner. 
130123 La Banchisseuse Doree, 
Canad. M., 40.193. La Tristesse, 
Atlan., 101.87. Left Behind, ^elin., 
75 52.6. Lost Orchard, Canad. M., 
33 348. Mannering's Men, Cent., 
Sfi 427. On Isle de Paradis, Canad. M.. 
26.417. Rodahver. Metrop.. 29.659. 
Seventh Dream. Ladies' H. .!.. 36.12. 
Third Generation, Bellman. 25.659. 
Twa Macs, Canad. M., 36.99. Worker 
in Sandalwood. Atlant.. 104.786. 


Acadian Coquettes. Sat. E. P., 
172.772. Alien of the Wild. McClure, 
22.451. Bear's Face, Canad. M., 41.589. 
Boy and the Hushwing, Leslie's M., 
53.34. Brannigan's 

Chatelaine of Cheticamp, 
Delin., 59.644. Decoy, Metrop., 

Trail, Sat. E. P., 
177.8. From the Teeth of the Tide, 
Bverj''body'8, 19.266. Gentling of Red 
McWha, Delin., 70.740. Glutton of the 
Great Snow, Sat. E. P., 180.8. Grip 

February, 1922 



Canadian Authors Association 


(Applications may be forwarded to the oflicers of any branch of the Association, or to B. K. Sandwell, 
Hon. Secretary, Canadian Authors Association, 703 Drummond Bldg., Montreal. Cheques should be made 
payable to Canadian Authors Association, and may be drawn on any Canadian branch of a chartered bank). 

I hereby make application for election as 


Associate Member of the Canadian Authors Association, and in the event of such election I agree 


to conform to the Constitution and By-laivs of the Association. 

My qualifications are : 

(Give name of publication or publications in .' 

book or magazine form, with date; or play or 
scenario or other qualifying work). 

Name in full {Mr., Mrs. or Miss) . 

Date Signed. 




Section 1. — The membership shall comprise three classes, viz.: — 
1. — Regular Members. 
2. — Associate Members. 
3. — Life Members. 

Any writer, dramatist or scenario writer, or other creator of 

copyrightable literary material of recognized position in his or 

her profession as author may be admitted at the discretion of 
the Executive Committee as a regular member. 

Other writers, pubhshers, booksellers, etc., who may have 
sympathy with the objects of the Association, but who are not 
considered by the Executive Committee as qualified for full 
membership, may be admitted, at the discretion of the Executive 
Committee, as Associate Members, who shall receive the pub- 
lished report of the Association and have the privilege of attend- 
ing its General Meetings, but shall not have a vote. 


Section 1. — All members shall sign the Constitution and 
By-laws of the Association either in person or by agent, proxy 
or attorney as the Council may by resolution provide. 

Section 4. — The annual dues of the Association shall be $5.00, 
and shall be paid on the first day of April of each year. Mem- 
bers who shall fail to make payment within thirty (30) days 
thereafter shall cease to be in good standing, and furthermore, 
shall be notified of such failure by the Secretary, If within 
fifteen (15) days after said notice is mailed said dues shall re- 
main unpaid, the Council shall have power to take such action 
as it may deem proper, and until such action is taken all rights 
of the member are suspended. 

Section 5. — The dues of persons elected to Associate Member- 
ship shall be $3.00 per fiscal year. Associate Members shall have 
no vote in the affairs of the Association. 

Section 6. — Any person elected to membership in the Associa- 
tion shall pay his dues within thirty (30) days thereafter, other- 
wise his election shall be void. 

Section 7.— A regular member may become a life member 
upon the payment of ($100.00) one hundred dollars. Such pay- 
ment shall exempt the life member from any further dues and 


I desire to receive one copy of the official organ of the Can.idian Authors Association, as often as it may be published during 
my membership. I therefore authorize the Treasurer of the Association to pay to the publishers of the Canadian Bookman, so long 
as it continues to act as the organ of the Association, the sum of one dollar per annum out of my fee paid to the Association, as my 
subscription for the year covered by such fee, and to order the said Canadian Bookman sent to my address as shown on the records 
of the Association. ' 

Signed . 


(NOTE — This form must be signed in order to comply with the Post Oflioe regulations concerning magazine postage). 



F"ebruar)', 1922 

in Deep Hole, Canad. M., 41.523. Heart 
of the Ancient Wood, Lippinc, 65.483. 
House in the Water, Ladies' H. J., 
24.9. How a Cat Played Robinson 
Crusoe, Ladies' H. J., 28.9. In Black- 
water Pot, Everjibody's, 17.449. In 
the Deep of the Snow, Every'body's, 
15.809. In the World of the Ghost 
Llgfhts, Col., 49.24. Invaders, Metrop., 
35.9. Jean Michaud's Little Ship, Sat. 
E. P., 173.3. Kee.per of the Water- 
Gate, Leslie's M.. 55.473. The Kill, 
Metrop., 19.571. Ladder, Col., 42.13. 
Lone Wolf of Lost Mountain, Col., 
44.20. Lord of the Air, Lesilie's M., 
54.2. A Maid of Two Swords, Canad. 
M., 15.74. Master of the Golden Pool, 
Metrop., 18.545. Monarch of Park 
Barren, Sat. E. P., 181.12. Moose That 
Knocked at the Door, Ladies' H. J., 
28.19. On the Night Trail, MeClure, 
28.295. Prisoner of Mademoiselle De 
Biencourt, Lippinc, 74.513. Rivals of 
Ringwaak, Metrop., 19.892. Romance 
of Grom and A-ya. Sunset, 31.482 and 
four numhers following. Runners of 
the High Peaks, Cosmop., 56.198. 
Scourge of the Forest. Outl.. 80.871. 
Shadows of John Hatch, Cosmop. , 
56.198. Stranger to the Wild, Cent. 
873.165. Summons of the North, 
Metrop., 23.296. Terror of the Air, 
Metrop., 21.307. Terror of the Sea 
Caves, Everybody's, 16.3. Tiger of the 
Sea, Sat. E. P., 183.12. Tragedy of the 
Tides, Cur. Lit., 29.69. Tragedy of 
White Face Mountain, Ladies' H. J., 
30.5. Truce, MoClure, 23.168. Vag- 
■ rants of the Barren, Cent., 76.701. 
White Marie and Dark Marianne, De- 
lin., 56.516. White-Slashed Bull, Sat. 
E. P., 180.8. Wild Motherhood, Canad. 
M., 17.134. With His Back to the Wall, 
Cosmop., 54.34. 


The Home-Coming of Jim Saunders, 
Canad. M.. 41.405. 


Archdeacon, The, Mun., 35.288. 
Bully Desipard, Mun., 44.467. Capt. 
Pike, Mun., 45.394. Complete Rest, 
Oanad. M., 25.121. Crimson Wigwam, 
Metrop., 24.707. Day of Valor, 
Metrop., 21.4-58. Dominant O'Malley, 
Mun., 48.114. Falling in at Simpsey's, 
Mun., 46.639. For the Sake of Argu- 
ment, Mun.. 40.614. Friend Indeed, 
Canad. M., 34.318. Girl Back Home, 
Mun., 53.500. Halfibreed and the Bird, 
Canad. M., 25.62. Hand in the Dark, 
Mun., 41.375. The Healing, Canad. M., 
37.413. Heart of the Governor's 
Daughter, Metrop., 24.446. Herself, 
Canad. M.. 34.99. Homecoming of Jim 
Saunders, Canad. M., 41.405. House 
In the Wood, Canad. M., 21.321. Hun- 
ger Test, Mun., 39.732. In New At- 
mosphere, Canad. M., 40.417. Jake 
Trinnlgan's Come-All-Ye, Canad. M., 
27.29. Lights in the Cocoanut Trees, 
Mun., 34.570. Man's Treasure, Mun., 
47.952. Matter of Sentiment, Mun, 
49.27. Normans of Newfoundland, 
Mun., 28.265. O'Hara's Easter Guest, 
MetTop.i 24.25. Old Archie, Canad. 
M., 50.519. Outside the Law, Canad. 
M., 32.99. The Passenger, Canad. M., 
35.340. Pride of the Race, Canad. M., 
24.546. Pull of the Finger, Mun., 
47.772. The Raft, Mun., 48.762. Run- 
ning Thunder, Canad. M., 37.109. 
Shore Leave, Canad. M., 21.24. Some- 
thing New In Golf Balis. Canad. M., 
23.64. Sucan's Birthday, Mun., 48.440. 

The Trap, Mun., 41.723. Uncle Bask- 
er's Heirs, Canad. M., 27.349. The 
Wasp, Mun.. 49.1031. 


Belated Valentine, Canad. M., 24.368. 
Brother to the Immortals, Canad. M., 
Canad. M., 20.50, 145, 267, 364, 458, 
522. Her Passing Acquaintance, New 
Eng., 26.169. Christmas Peacemaker, 
New Eng. n. s., 23.438. Dave Dalton's 
Lady, New Eng., 27.470. Fortune's 
Hill, 25.609. How Cyclone Bill Got 
Religion, Canad. M., 26.374. In a 
Southern Garden, Canad. M., 32.121. 
Jewelled Princess, Canad. M., 30.233. 
Lily of London Bridge. Canad. M., 
13.310, 407. Maid of Manv Moods. 
Canad. M., 17.28, 178, 264. 350, 458, 
542. Metamorphosis of Mary Anne. 
Canad. M., 9.190. Neighbors, Canad. 
M., 42.149. One of the Boys, Canad. 
M.. 22.147. The Pagan, Canad. M., 
34.135. The Peacemaker, Canad. M., 
16.126. Responsibility of Mrs. Wea- 
therstone, Canad. M., 15.44. Rose 
Trelawney, Canad. M., 19.510. Ruling 
Passion. Canad. M.. 34.415. Summer 
Windfall, New Eng., 28.651. Whom 
the Gods Love, Canad. M., 31.131, also 
New Eng., 37.728. 


An Adventure of Mrs. McKenzie, 
Canad. M.. 21.260. Recompense, Mun.. 
38.25. Star-Blanket. Canad. M., 23.251. 
Strategem of Terrance O'Halloran, 
Canad. M.. 22.283. Vain Shadow, 
Scrib., 28.72. Vengeance is Mine. 
Mun.. 36.777. Winning of Mark 
Louise, Canad. M.. 21.417. 


The Soul Snake, Canad. M., 2.351. 

Acid Test, Sat. E. P., 185.8. Adoles- 
cense of Number Eighty-seven, Me- 
trop., 24.210. Benevolence of Mon- 
tana Bill. Mun.. 27.287. Bit of cor- 
respoodence. Metrop., 20.39. Black 
Company, Sat. E. P.. 179.5. Boy and 
the Burglar, Canad. M., 16.138. Broken 
Circuit. Sat. E. P.. 179.13. Burglar, 
Everybody's, 22,327. The Call. Sat. 
E. P., 184.3. and four numbers follow 
ing. Colonna Necklace. Sat. E. P. 
180.9. Courtsihip of Mahizelle Rosle 
Sat. E. P.. 173.4. Emerald Pendant 
Sat. E. P., 179.9. Emmeline, Canad 
M., 17.280. Guarded House. Every- 
body's. 19.244. How Bill Got His 
Grizzly. Sat. E. P., 173.11. Hunker 
Bill's Dog. Metrop.. 25.592. In the 
Wireless Room. Sat. E. P.. 182.8. In- 
dian Summer, Col., 49.22. Kings of 
Hate. Everybody's. 17.811. Man From 
the Front, McClure's, 44.38. Man Who 
Made Good. Everybody's, 23.785. Pri- 
vate Wire, Sat. E. P., 179.3. Professor 
of Greek, Sat. E. P., 176.8. Question 
of Charm, Sat. E. P., 185.10. Secret 
.^ent. Sat. E. P.. 183.3. Seventh Dis- 
appearance, Everybody's, 24.690. Sim 
pie Story of Shivers, Sat. E. P., 173.14 
Sociability of Lemon's Bear, Sat. E, 
P., 174.5. Spellbinder, Sat. E. P. 
185.18. Spirit-Rapping of Dynamite 
Spidel, Cosmop., 42.433. Study of 
lago, Canad. M.. 38.110. Third Hand, 
Sat. E. P., 179.10. Through the Valley 
of Illusion, Harper, 105.625. Time- 
lock, Sat. E. P., 179.7. Undoing of 
Johnnie Dog-Rib, Metrop., 17.183. Un- 
known Door, Sat. E. P., 179.11. Valley 
of Regret, Sat. E. P., 172.1160. The 
Web, Sat. E. P., 184.18. When the 

Bank Moved, Everybody's, 21.719. 

With Rajah Unwilling, Sat. E. P., 

185.8. Woman in the Snow, Canad. 
M., 16.513. 


Boss of the World, Canad. M., 21.250. 
Precise Justice, Canad. M., 20.553. The 
Schwartz Diamond, Canad. M., 20.371. 


The Great Problem, Canad. M., 
18.256. How Margaret Came Back, 
Outl., 72.317. A Lover's Quarrel, 
Canad. M., 39.163. 

Half-Year Fees Agreement. 

The constitution ol' the Canadian 
Authors Association does not pro- 
vide for any reduced fees for any 
portion of the fiscal year, and no 
matter when a member enters he is 
liable for the full fee for the fiscal 
year which may be nearly expired. 
The maximum concession that could 
be made in these circumstances was 
arranged for at the last meeting of 
the executive, when it was resolved 
that 'persons desiring regular mem- 
bership, and applying after Decem- 
ber 1, could be granted Associate 
status until March 30 for the usual 
$3 fee but at the same time could 
be admitted to regular membership 
to take effect on April 1 next, thus 
assuring them of the higher status, 
and of voting power attached to it. 
in time for the annual meeting. 

"Jen," Not "Men." 

On page 37 of this issue, in the 
initial letter of the article under 
the heading of "A Novel of the 
Canadian Marshes," should be 
"J," not "M," as the subsequent 
references to the title in the 
article will indicate to the reader. 
Errors of this nature occasionally 
slip by the proof-reader's eagle 

For Boys and Girls. 
Morden H. Long's "Knight's 
Errant of the Wilderness" has 
been declared one of the best 
boys' books ever written. This 
book has had a peculiar history. 
It started off slowly, so far as 
sales are concerned, but gathered 
momentum and is to-day one of 
the fast-selling Canadian ju- 

An Acknowledgment. 
For the picture of BlLss Car- 
man in his laurel wreath, as ap- 
pearing on the cover of this issue, 
■'The Canadian Bookman" is in- 
debted to his publishers, ^l--- 
Clelland & Stewart. 

Vol IV. New Series 


i'NU. * 


Vv-. *"■■' 

The White Plume, by W. S. Wallace. 

Essays in Canadian Literature, by C. W. 

The Bride Dreams, by L. M. Mont- 

y Canadian Anthologies, by Lawrence J. 

Ko-Ngai, by Oswyn Boulton. 

More Aid for the Specialist Collector. 

/ A New Canadian Poetic Voice. 

A. S. M. Hutchinson, a Sketch. 

Need for Haste in Copyright. 

A Wanderlust Shelf. 

Success in One's Own Game. 

Among Authors and Bookmen. 

"Woodbine Willie," a Sketch. 

Quebec Rewards Literary Effort. 

Literary Promise of the West. 

Publishfd monihh' bv 


263 .Adelaide St. West, Toronto. Canada 

$2. 00 a year 



March, 1922 


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There is a peculiar fascination about receiving radio 
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iS\:u\-h. 1922 








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PUBLISHERS 263 Adelaide Street West TORONTO 

The Canadian Bookman 

A Monthly devoted to Literature, the Library and the Printed Book. 


B. K. Sandwcll, Editor. 

Editorial Office: 703 Drummond BIdg., 






F. I. Weaver, Managing Director. 

Publication Office: 263 Adelaide Street W., 


Vol. IV.— No. 4 


$2.00 a year 
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Some Explanations 

THE February issue of The Canadian Bookman 
was produced in Toronto, and was the first to 
be so produced, as the magazine had, prior to 
that time, both as quarterly and as monthly, been 
printed at Ste. Anne de Bellcvue, Que., a few iniles 
from the editorial office and from the place of resi- 
dence of the editor. The February issue was pro- 
duced under circumstances of somewhat exceptional 
difificulty, which, our printers assure us, will not be 
repeated, and which not only delayed the appear- 
ance of the magazine very seriously, but made it 
impossible for the issue to receive the final revision 
of the 'editor. As a result, it contained a number of 
errors of such seriousness and importance that 
some explanation concerning them is necessary. 

As our readers will have gathered from the an- 
nouncement at the beginning of the February issue. 
The Canadian Bookman is now an amalgamation of 
the magazine formerly bearing that name, and of 
the Canadian Book Trade Journal, of Toronto. 
The latter periodical takes the form of a Trade 
Section of the Canadian Bookman. It is the inten- 
tion of the publishers, however, to keep the Trade 
Section entirely distinct from the main body of the 
magazine, and to circulate it only to those among 
our subscribers who are actually engaged in the 
book trade or who express an explicit desire to 
receive it. In the February issue, this intention was 
not carried out by the printers, and both the read- 
ing matter and the advertising pages of the Trade 
Section were distributed throughout the magazine ; 
this practice will not be continued. Subscribers, 
other than those in the book trade, who desire to 
receive the Trade Section, as well as the literary 
portion of the magazine, will please communicate 
with the publishers, The Bookcraft Publishing- 
Company, Limited, 263 Adelaide Street West, To- 
ronto, asking to be placed on the mailing list for 
the Trade Edition. The subscription rate is the 
same as for the ordinary edition. 

The most unfortunate of the typographical errors 
referred to above consisted in the omission of the 
names of the writers of several important contri- 
butions. In at least one case the article thus 
rendered anonymous was a personal narrative, and 
lost all significance when deprived of the name of 
its author. The names thus omitted were : 

"Drama and Life," l)y Professor Ramsay Tra- 
quair, of McGill University, one of Canada's best- 
known authorities on architectural art and the art 
of costume, a member of the executive committee 
of the Community Players of Montreal, and a critic 
particularly well qualified to deal with the subject 
of the lack of feeling for significant spectacle and 
symbolic action in our North American life. 

"The Making of an Anthology of Canadian 
Verse," by Dr. J. D. Logan, of Halifax, a veteran 
friend and critic of Canadian literature, and the 
holder of the first university chair ever created for 
the teaching of that subject. 

"An Evening at the 'Popular Heroes' Club'," by 
P. W. Luce, of Vancouver, editor of what is prob- 
ably the most individual "colyum" in Western 
Canadian Journalism, and author of the amusing 
skit, "How to Write a Successful Novel," in the 
December Canadian Bookman. 

"A New Translation of Rostand," by Professor 
M. W. Wallace, of Toronto University. 

"Herbert Symonds, A Memoir," by the Rev. 
Archdeacon J. Paterson Smyth, of St. George's 
Church, Montreal. 

Need for Haste in Copyright 

MR. LOU\aGNY DE MONTIGN^Y, probably 
the most energetic and best-informed advo- 
cate in Canada of correct international rela- 
tions in matters of copyright, has directed attention 
to a circumstance which greatly increases the need 
for prompt legislation to bring about Canada's 
adhesion to the latest Berne Convention. This is 
the fact that under the old Convention and under 
the present Canadian copyright law which is con- 
formable thereto, no reference is made to a large 
class of property rights which have come into ex- 
istence and become very valuable in the last twenty 
years, viz., the rights of various kinds of mechani- 
cal reproductions, particularly of music (and to 
some extent of words) by means of the phonograph, 
and of dramatic conceptions by means of the mov- 
ing picture. Under the new Berne Convention 
these property rights are fully protected; but until 
Canada adheres to that Convention they remain, in 
this country, in the public domain. Apart altogether 



March, 1922 

from the injustice of continuing, as we have be'en 
doing for the last half-score of years, to deprive 
the author of his property rights in these and other 
methods of propagating his ideas, when the country 
is quite prepared to admit, and has already passed 
a statute to admit, that he ought not to be so de- 
prived, and when all the other countries of advanced 
civilization in the world have long since ceased to 
deprive him — apart from this purely moral con- 
sideration, it is obvious that very grave difficulties 
are being allowed to arise, through the constantly 
expanding investment of large sums of capital in 
forms of new production which are now in the 
public domain, but which will have to be withdrawn 
from it whenever the country adopts the modern 
conception of copyright. Vested interests are being 
built up in moving picture films and phonograph 
records upon the basis of making no payment what- 
ever to the author of the music or of the dramatic 
ideas thus embodied, and the larger the body of this 
investment becomes, the greater will be the re- 
sistance to the introduction of a policy of justice 
to the creator of the original. 

Moreover, with every year of delay, important 
works which have already enjoyed copyright for 
forty-two years are passing irrevocably into the 
public domain, although the legislators of Canada 
have recognized by passing last year's Act that they 
ought to remain the property of the author and his 
heirs for fifty years after the author's death. The 
property rights which are thus being allowed to 
lapse can never be restored. A work which has 
once passed into the public domain through expiry 
of the forty-two-year copyright can never again be 
restored to its owner. 

This situation, bad enough in itself, is rendered 
very much worse so far as the international repu- 
tation of this country is concerned, by the fact that 
Canada is the sole remaining British possession 
which has not given its adhesion to the Berne Con- 
vention of 1908, so that this is the sole British 
country in which the public domain is possessing 
itself of vast quantities of works in the English 
language whose authors are recognized everywhere 
elese in the British Empire as entitled to a continu- 
ance of their rights in their intellectual property. 

We commend to the legislators of Canada the 
excellent principle which Shakespeare puts into the 
mouth of Macbeth anent a much more questionable 
enterprise. Of the adhesion of Canada to the Berne 
Convention, it is particularly true that "If 'twere 
w'ell done when 'tis done, 'twere well it were done 
quickly." It seemed to l)e the unanimous opinion 
of both houses of Parliament and of all parties at 
the last session, that the adhesion of Canada to the 
1908 Convention was a tiling to be done. That 
being so, there is every reason why it should be 
done quickly. 

The C.A.A. Convention 

IT is now practically certain that the annual meet- 
ing of the Canadian Authors Association will be 
held in Ottawa on the 28th and 29th of April, 
with, perhaps, some preliminary committee meet- 
ings on the 27th. It is of the highest importance 
to the interests of the writing craft in Canada that 
this meeting should be participated in by the largest 
possible number of Canadian writers. One of the 
main reasons for holding it in Ottawa, apart from 
the importance of that city as a literary centre of 
activity in both the Canadian languages, is the fact 
that a new Parliament will be in session and will 
be engaged, probably at the very moment of the 
meeting, in the consideration of the amendments 
which will be necessary in order to make the new 
Canadian Copyright Act a workable measure which 
can be proclaimed and which, when proclaimed, will 
effiectively bring Canada into the society of nations 
adhering to the new Berne Convention. 

Legislation, however, will not be the only busi- 
ness of importance to engage the attention of the 
C.A.A. meeting. The Association is completing a 
year of unexpectedly rapid growth, and with its 
enlarged membership it must be prepared to face 
enlarged responsibilities. The provincial constitu- 
tion, adopted at the convention of Canadian Authors 
last year when the Association was organized, has 
functioned quite as w'ell as could have been ex- 
pected ; but some changes will doubtless be neces- 
sary, and it is to be hoped that a very large number 
of the members of the Association will participate 
in the making of them. Personal attendance at the 
convention is not absolutely necessary in order that 
a member may exercis'e his franchise in the election 
of officers and on any other subjects upon which it 
is possible for a vote to be taken by mail in accord- 
ance with the provisions of the constitution. But 
it will at once be evident that only a limited class 
of questions can possibly be dealt with by a postal 
referendum, and that the destinies of the Associa- 
tion for the next year must be larg'ely determined 
by the results of the personal contacts of those 
members who attend the annual meeting. 

Members and branches are urged to communicate 
to the Secretary at the earliest possible date any 
suggestions or motions which they may desire to 
have included in the agenda for the meeting. They 
are also urged to do all in their pow'er to aid in 
securing the personal attendance of members from 
the more distant branches, and also to see that such 
members, by being supplied with instructions from 
the liranch organizations, shall be able to speak, 
not for themselves alone, but as the delegates of 
those large bodies of members in the extreme east 
and west who cannot be expected to attend in full 

March, I'L'-' 

C^1A'.'1I>/.1A' BOOKMAN 


The White Plume 


THE pulilicatinii i>t the official 
hiography of Sir Wilfrid 
Laiiricr* is an event of ex- 
ceptional importance both in the 
history of Canadian literatnre 
and in the literature of Canadian 
history. Sir Wilfrid Laurier was, 
when he died, the dean of Cana- 
dian parliamentarians. His active 
political life extended over a 
greater period than that of even 
Sir John Macdonald. He was a 
member of Parliament for half a 
century, and a member of the 
Dominion Parliament for forty- 
seven years. For nineteen of 
those years he was leader of the 
Opposition at Ottawa, and for 
fifteen he was Prime Minister. 
The story of a career so long and 
distinguished, so vital to the his- 
tory of Canada since Confedera- 
tion, could hardly fail, when told 
by a biographer in whose hands 
had been placed the whole of Sir 
Wilfrid Laurier's private papers, 
to possess a very unusual in- 

For the task of writing Sir 
Wilfrid's life, moreover, Profes- 
sor Skelton promised to be a 
most suitable choice. Though 
primarily an economist, he has 
already done work in the field of 
Canadian history and biography 
which has made professional his- 
torians in Canada look to their 
laurels. His "Life and Times of 
Sir Alexander Tilloch Gait," pub- 
lished two years ago, showed him 
to have a mastery of the art of 
historical biography; his little 
book on "The Canadian Do- 
minion," in the "Chronicles of 
America" series, revealed an ex- 
pert knowledge of the back- 
ground of Canadian history; and 
his account of "The Day of Sir 
Wilfrid Laurier" in the "Chron- 
icles of Canada" series made it 
certain that he would approach 
the task of writing Sir Wilfrid 
Laurier's life with the necessary 
sympathy and insight. It was 
perhaps singular that Sir Wilfrid, 
a French-Canadian, should have 
entrusted the writing of his life 
to an English Canadian ; but, in 
view of the unhappy events of 
the last years of his life, when 
the ideal of national unity for 
which he had striven seemed to 
have been dashed in the dust, the 
decision was no doubt a wise one. 
It was obviously desirable that 

Sir Wilfrid's life-work should be 
interpreted to the majority of 
Canadians by one of their own 
race and cfeed ; and among Eng- 
lish-speaking historians in Can- 
ada Professor Skelton possessed 
the great advantage of having 
followed "the white illume" im- 
plicitly from first to last. 

In many ways Professor Skel- 
ton's volumes amply fulfil the 
great expectations formed of 
them. The historical background 
is painted in everywhere with a 
deft lirush. Indeed, the amount 
of detail in the background may, 
in the opinion of some readers, 
be excessive ; but, if this is a 
fault, it is a good fault in these 
days wh'en so many biographies 
are little more than silhouettes. 
Professor Skelton's picture has 
always a central figure ; and the 
lineaments of that figure stand 
out with the clearness and vital- 
ity of a portrait by an old master. 
"The practice of authority, the 
burden of responsibility, the dis- 
illusionment of experience, gave 
a greater wariness to his wary- 
eye, a greater firmness to his firm 
features, a deeper inscrutability 
to his inscrutable face. Yet to 
his intimates he remained the 
simple, unaffected, kindly friend 
of the days before power had 
brought its opportunities and its 
tasks" (II, 165). Many such pas- 
sages as this might be cited, all 
revealing a real power of literary 

It is, however, not so much to 
Professor Skelton's descriptive 
passages that we owe the vivid 
picture of Sir Wilfrid which the 
book gives ; it is rather to the 
admirable selection of Sir Wil- 
frid's letters, table-talk and liter- 
ary fragments which the book 
contains. Some time before his 
death. Sir Wilfrid placed in Pro- 
fessor Skelton's hands all his 
papers down to the close of his 
period of office, and after his 

\V. S. WALL.\CE 

death Lady Laurier gave access 
to the remainder. On these papers 
Professor Skelton has drawn 
freely. Especially during the 
later period, letters written by 
Sir \\'ilfrid to his political associ- 
ates are reproduced in consider- 
able numbers. Of particular 
interest perhaps, as revealing in 
detail the motives which actu- 
ated him in his attitude toward 
the Military Service Act and the 
formation of the Union Govern- 
ment, is a very full series of let- 
ters to some of the English-speak- 
ing Liberals who parted with 
him in 1917, as well as some let- 
ters to those who stood by him. 
Another valuable feature of the 
book is ^ number of extracts 
from an illuminating study of the 
history of Canada since Confeder- 
ation which he began but never 
found time to complete. Space 
is lacking here to quote at length 
either from this historical essay 
or from the letters, and Sir Wil- 
frid's peculiar style of composi- 
tion does not readily lend itself 
to brief quotation. But from the 
illustrations of his table-talk in- 
cluded in the book, a typical pass- 
age may perhaps be reproduced, 
in which he discussed some of his 
earlier political colleagues : 

Cartwright was the most finished 
speaker in the House in mj' time, and 
a ver}- effective debater. Mackenzie 
knocked his opponent down ; Cart- 
wright ran his through with keen 
rapier thrust, and usually turned the 
sword in the wound. He was a i.iaster 
of classic eloquence, and it was a olea- 
sure. at least on our side, to listen to 
the fluent, precise, faultless English of 
his most impromptu utterance. Blake 
was perhaps a more omnivorous i eader, 
but Cartwright was distinctly the most 
lettered man in the House. His mor- 
dant wit set his opponents writhing, 
and did not always spare his technical 
friends. His duels with Tupper, who 
was a better hand at the bludgeon, 
were particularly interesting, though 
the exchange of personalities was more 
intense than I had been used to in 
Quebec. He was a good Liberal, at 
least a good Grit, after he left the 
Tory fold, but I often felt that he 
would have been more at home in the 
old unreformed House of Commons in 
England, or in the diplomatic service 
(I., 221 n.). 

Here is a singularly fraiiU 
obiter dictum with regard 
later colleague : 

Mr. Sifton was the m^'.'^ jr.lR! 
Parliament. He could d-" .4S*r u 
rent political tenden- -jut ' s aiig^.r 
on the popular pula. . bettp .^an any 

88 .. 

other man in my experience. His ex- 
ecutive capacity was extraordinary ; 
but not more so than his secretiveness. 
He never told his whole mind even to 
his closest intimates. I could not 
fathom the reason for his attitude on 
reciprocity. (II., 371 n.) 

These quotations will perhaps 
serve to illustrate the character 
of some of the materials which 
the book contains — materials not 
found, as a rule, in official bi- 
ographies of the stereotyped sort. 

Valuable and interesting though 
the book is, it is not, however, 
without some defects. Though 
Professor Skelton reaches in 
some parts of the book a very 
high level of historical writing, 
his style is uneven, and there are 
passages which are somewhat 
too reminiscent of the "Annual 
Register" or the "Canadian An- 
nual Review." Colloquialisms not 
infrequently obtrude themselves 
on one's notice. On the whole, 
one may be forgiven perhaps for 
thinking that, had Professor 
Skelton subjected his manuscript 
to a more ruthless revision the 
result would have been more 
uniformly excellent. The book 
suffers, too, from a lack of docu- 
mentation. Some very grave 
statements are made without 
any sort of supporting proof 
whatever. Sir Wilfrid Laurier's 
failure to consult his Minister of 
Railways, Mr. Blair, with regard 


to the railway policy of 1903 is 
explained, for instance, by the 
amazing and unsubstantiated 
statement that "he was deter- 
mined that there would be no 
second Pacific scandal" (II, 190). 
Sinister and materialistic motives 
are attributed to Sir Clifford Sif- 
ton, both in regard to his attitude 
toward reciprocity in 1911 (II, 
372) and in regard to his support 
of conscription and Union Gov- 
ernment in 1917 (II, 517), for 
which not an atom of solid proof 
is adduced. 

But the most serious blemish 
in the book is its political bias. 
That the biographer should have 
been sympathetic toward his hero 
was most desirable ; that he 
should have been at great pains 
to set forth his hero's viewpoint 
on all occasions was to be ex- 
pected; but that he should him- 
self have taken sides, and attempt 
to anticipate the verdict of his- 
tory, was surely unnecessar}-. 
Yet repeatedly Professor Skelton 
enters the ring, and dons the 
gloves of party warfare. One 
illustration will perhaps suffice. 
Not content with explaining Sir 
Wilfrid Laurier's attitude toward 
the Military Service Act of 1917, 
Professor Skelton cannot refrain 
from gilding the lily and giving 
us his own comments. "The Mili- 
tary Service Act," it appears "did 

March, 1922 

more to win the election than to 
win the war. It failed absolutely 
in the ostensible aim of provid- 
ing greater reinforcements than 
the voluntary system" (II, 545). 
Of those who enrolled under the 
Act, "few ever saw France" (II, 
549), and so forth. This sort of 
thing might do well enough in 
the campaign literature of the 
Liberal party; but it is surely out 
of place in a serious historical 
work. As a matter of fact, those 
who were in touch with the situa- 
tion will recognize that Professor 
Skelton, when he says that few 
of the "conscripts" reached 
France, has allowed his political 
prejudice to betray him into a 
statement which is not in har- 
mony with the truth. 

One does not need to be a Tory 
to regret that Professor Skelton 
has not tried, in scores of pass- 
ages that might be cited, to hold 
the balances more even. The 
more one admires Sir Wilfrid 
Laurier's serene tolerance and 
wise charity, the more one must 
deplore the tone of partisan 
acrimony to which his biographer 
too often descends. A sym- 
pathetic biography is one thing; 
a controversial biography is 

*The Life and Letters of Sir Wilfrid 
Laurier. By Oscar Douglas Skelton. 
Two Vols. Toronto : Oxford Univer- 
sity Press. 1921. $8. . 

Quebec Rewards Literary Effort 

A GREAT deal of attention 
has been attracted through- 
out Canada and the United 
States by the action of the Govern- 
ment of the Province of Quebec 
in establishing a fund for the 
carrying on of annual literary 
and scientific contributions. It is 
true that the appropriation pro- 
vided for in the proposal is only 
five thousand dollars per annum, 
but that can easily be increased if 
the results of the competitions 
show any justification for such 
action. The whole proposal shows 
a recognition of the duty of the 
State towards artistic and scien- 
tific endeavor which cannot fail 
to be most gratifying to every 
friend of literature and of the 
sciences, and which is, unfortu- 
nately, most uncommon among 
governing bodies upon this con- 
tinent. It is very satisfactory to 
be able to add that the Quebec 
m'easurc is in the hands of a 
minister already well known for 

his sympathetic and discerning 
support of letters. It is to be 
hoped that the Hon. Athanase 
David, who belongs to one of the 
most literary families in French 
Canada, will long continue to ad- 
minister the new and important 
institution which he is now in 
process of founding. The text of 
the bill which he has introduced 
is as follows : 

An Act to encourage the production 
of literary or scientific works. 
Whereas there is ground for encour- 
aging the cultivation of belles-lettres 
and sciences in the Province; 

Whereas it is expedient to facilitate 
the publication of the works of our 
authors ; 

Whereas it is advisable to draw to 
public attention literary or scientific 
talents which remain unknown owing 
to unfavorable circumstances; 

Whereas the founding of competi- 
tions would facilitate the advancement 
of literature and the sciences, would 
further the efforts of authors, would 
aid men of talent to make themselves 
known, and would stimulate, by emula- 
tion, the taste for literary and scientific 
work and the desire to promote litera- 

ture and the sciences in the Province; 
Therefore, His Majestj', with the ad- 
vice and consent of the Legislative 
Council and of the Legislative Assembly 
of Quebec, enacts as follows : 

1. This Act may be cited as "Literary 
or Scientific Competitions Act." 

2. The Lieutenant-Governor in Coun- 
cil may establish annual literary and 
scientific competitions, and determine 
the conditions thereof. 

3. A sum of five thousand dollars, 
payable out of the consolidated revenue 
fund of the Province, shall be appro- 
priated annually for such purposes. 

4. The Lieutenant-Governor in Coun- 
cil may appoint for each competition, 
a jury, which shall confer, if it deems 
it expedient, rewards on the prize- 
winners. The jury shall be composed 
of nine members. The Provincial 
Secretary or his representative shall be 
a member ex-officio. 

The jury shall, under the direction of 
the Provincial Secretary, fulfill the 
duties that may be assigned to it. 

5. The conditions of each competi- 
tion shall be published in due time in 
the Quebec Official Gazette. 

6. The Provincial Secretary shall be 
entrusted with the carrying out of this 

7. This act shall come into force on 
the day of its sanction. 


AFiiitIi, I'L'J 



Canadian Literature 

Essays in 

IV. The Masculine Story 

As Canadian literature stim- 
ulated, jierhaiis, by that 
$_'.500 prize— begins' t.> feel 
lis oats, so does it become multi- 
form. Ten years ago it was 
merely Canadian; to-day. how- 
ever exotic your need, it can sup- 
ply you with almost an\ tiling 
from home ])ro(luction. We notice 
latterly, for example, that there 
is a rising school of Masculine 
Fiction. Ralph Connor and James 
Oliver Curwood, of course, we 
have with us always; thei'e is no 
reflection upon their masculinity 
intended liy omitting them from 
this category. \\'hat we refer to 
is the kind of fiction the Depress- 
ed Business Man wants. Of its 
many forms, the most ]M>iiuIar 
are the Practical and the l-'eroc- 
ious ; here, in tabloid form and 
offered gratis to young writers 
who need plots, are samples of 

"Get It— Or Get Out!" 
The Belleville Canal Gates 
Manufacturing Company, Ltd., is 
the largest corporation of its kind 
in this fair Dominion ; but never- 
theless, it has never succeeded yet 
in selling to Geoflfrey Hunt, the 
largest buyer of canal gates in 
the country. Hunt employs a 
very hard - shelled purchasing 
agtnt who has always bought 
from the Arnprior Patent Sluice 
Corporation. The Belleville Com- 
pany's sales-manager has en- 
deavored by every trick in his 
bag to overcome this competi- 
tion, but without success. He 
has deluged Mr. Hunt with ad- 
vertising material, which has 
been returned with postage due ; 
he has sent him follow-up letter 
after follow-up letter, only- to 
have them converted into memo- 
randum pads. Star and other 
salesmen have returned dejected 
and disappointed, and in many- 
cases the victims of physical as- 

Finally- the sales-manager sends 
for Paul Potter, a "cub" sales- 
man, and tells him sternly it is up 
to him to "sell" Hunt. "Get the 
order — or get out!" Paul has 
just become engaged to the 
daughter of the president of the 
company, who is commonly 

known in the can.'il luisiiiess as 
"Old Xutface." He is naturally 
an.xious, therefore, to earn more 
salary, as Isabel Xutface couldn't 
live on his, and here he is threat- 
ened with the blue envelope! Old 
Xutface, in common with the re- 
maining characters, is ignorant of 
lsal)ers engagement to Paul, and 
wants her to marry Hunt's son, 
and thus get the order. 

Paul calls U])on Carboy, liunt's 
l)urchasing agent, i>iU for the first 
thirty-seven times is denierl ad- 
mittance. The thirty-eighth time 
he assumes the garb and pail of 
a window-cfeaner, and stalks into 
Carbo_\'s room withcuil qucsliini. 


He reveals his identity to Car- 
boy, and is indignantly thrown 
through the window he haspartlv 
cleaned. He then disguises him- 
self successively as a restaurant 
waiter, a bar-tender, an old wo- 
man, and a fire-escape, and each 
time, when he opens up his sell- 
ing talk, is bad-temperedly re- 

Every night he meets Isabel, 
and each time she injects fresh 
pep and vision into his drooping 
spirits. Her father is try-ing to 
hasten her marriage to young 
Hunt. Paul discovers that Car- 
boy-'s one diversion in life is golf. 
He himself is entirely ignorant of 
that noble pastime, but he rushes 
away and takes lessons from a 
famous .Scotch professional, and 

very (|uickly becomes the Boy- 
Wonder. He then has himself 
elected to the exclusive Country 
Club, of which Carboy is a mem- 

For three months he df)gs Car- 
boy's footsteps, but Carboy re- 
fuses even to be introduced to 
him. The sales-manager tells 
Paul he has just one week more 
to get it or get out; the same 
night Isabel, very tearfully, tells 
him he simply- must hurry up, he- 
cause young Hunt has already 
proposed to her and is merely be- 
ing stalled ofT. She loves Paul, of 
course, but 

The next day Paul disg-ui-ses 
himself as a caddie, and gets him- 
self hired by Carboy, who is to 
play a twosome with Old Xutface, 
Carboy defeats Xutface. The 
caddie, tactfully congratulating 
Carboy, challenges hiin to another 
game. Carboy, flushed with suc- 
cess, accepts and is defeated by 
Paul ten up and one to play. 
(Young writers should get this 
golf stufif correct.) Xutface beams 
delightedly on Paul, who, un- 
thinkingly tears off his false 
whiskers. "Where have I seen 
that face before?" says Carboy. 
Paul produces an order-blank. 
Carboy- is indi.gnant at mixing 
Inisiness with pleasure, but X^ut- 
face tells him to be a sport, and 
what is his prejudice against 
Belleville Canal Gates anyway? 
Carboy sa3s that in another firm 
he onte worked for he bought 
some Belleville gates, but the de- 
livery was a day late. Paul 
proves that he is mistaken, for 
that year was Leap Year, with an 
extra day. Carboy signs on the 
dotted line, and just then Isabel 
and young Hunt stroll across to 
tell them that tea is ready. Young 
Hunt is in white flannels and 
moustache, and Xutface turns 
disgustedly from contemplating 
him and gives Isabel and Paul his 
benediction in the assurance that 
the old virile, fighting stock will 
be perpetuated. 

A Race Against Time. 

Alan Harkness, a y-oimg civil 
engineer, has been spending the 
winter at Fort X^orman, prospect- 
ing for oil. It is spring-time, and 



March, 1922 

he is ^'mushing" back to Toronto 
with his faithful dog-team, when 
in a deep forest near Winnipeg 
he is set upon by a Ijand of mask- 
ed I^andits. He is robbed of every- 
thing he possesses, including his 
bhieprints' and his pocket-fliask ; 
and the only clue to the identity 
of his assailants is that the chief 
one wears a gold signet ring on 
his left thumb. 

Ten days later Harkness stag- 
gers into a cottage on the out- 
skirts of Owen Sound, almost 
dead from fatigue, hunger and 
cold. The cottage belongs to 
Sandy McSwat, an old Scotch 
missionary, who is rapidly drink- 
ing himself to death. With him 
lives his beautiful, motherless 
daughter, Eileen. She it is who 
resuscitates Harkness and forces 
doughnut after doughnut down 
his parched throat to revive him. 
His convalescence, after the hard- 
ships he has gone through, is 
slow, and he comes to love Eileen, 
though he has nothing to offer 
her now but a pair of strong 
arms. The cottage, although a 
lowly one, is beautified by Eileen's 
tasteful decorations, and is cover- 
ed with vines. 

Bidding good-bye to Eileen and 
her daddy. Alan sets out to walk 
to Montreal for a job in the Hud- 
son's Bay Company. His route is 
through Port Arthur, and there 
he learns from chance conversa- 
tion that a contract is to be let 
shortly for some new sidewalks. 
Realizing that here is oppor- 
tunity knocking at his door, he 
determines to go after the con- 
tract. He floats a company, 
underbids all the other firms, and 
gets the contract. The only 
stipulation is that the sidewalk 
must be laid by December 25th, 
and here it is September 10th. He 
wires to old Sandy to come and 
be his timekeeper, and rushes off 
to Chicago, where, by pretending 
to be the Harkness who is Presi- 
dent of the Grand Pacific North- 
ern Railway, he hoodwinks vari- 
ous firms into selling him ma- 
chinery, concrete mixers, and so 
on. He next gathers round him 
a select gang of toughs, lumber- 
jacks and miners who have work- 
ed for him before in various parts 
of the world, explains that he 
can't pay them until the job is 
completed, and appeals to their 

But hist ! A rival company 
which had just missed the con- 
tract sends Roger Runnymede to 

upset things. There is a mysteri- 
ous delay in the machinery's ar- 
rival ; when it is ten weeks over- 
due, Alan goes out and finds it 
side-tracked at a grain elevator 
near Saskatoon. By superhuman 
efforts, however, he rushes it 
back. The McSwats have ar- 
rived, and old Sandy has reform- 
ed, but Roger lures him ofi^, makes 
him drunk, and persuades him to 
falsify the time-sheets, so that 
Alan finds he owes more fur 
wages than he will eventually 
take in. Nothing daunted, he de- 
clares a fifty per cent, cut in 
wages, and appeals to his men's 
loyalty. They set to work with 
redoubled pep. 

Other accidents happen. The 
concrete mixer, for example, stops 
dead one day, and is found to 
have been tampered with. Alan 
fixes it from the works of an old 
disused flivver car. Roger comes 
out into the open, and tries to l)uy 
Alan off. But Alan throws him 
out of the room, and Roger re- 
tires snarling. One night, at 
Gentleman George's Refined Put- 
and-Take Gambling Saloon, there 
is a riot in which someone shoots 
at Alan. He ought not to have 
been there, but at Eileen's cottage 
(sure, she had a cottage here, 
too), putting on the gramophone 
records ; but he had gone to that 
vile haunt to drag McSwat away 
from the fatal tables, whither 
Pierre the half-breed. Roger's 
accomplice, had lured him. 

On December 14th there is a 
strike amongst Alan's men, en- 
gineered very obviously by the 
opposition. Alan settles it by 
promising to put the wages back 
to the old scale, but a precious 
day has been lost. On December 
22nd all is completed but two 
yards, and Alan will win out! 
Roger and Pierre steal his supply 
of cement, but are observed by 
Eileen, who puts it back. At 
lunch time on December 24th 
there are only six inches to be 
completed. Roger and Pierre 
pour molasses into the cement so 
that it won't mix. As the sun- 
light flashes on Rog'er's hand, 
Alan (who is concealed behind a 
pile of lumber) sees a gold signet 
ring on the left thumb ! With a 
Ijerserker shout of rage he springs 
at Roger, and kills him. Then 
for seven hours he feverishly 
picks the cement out of the 
molasses, and when his men quit 
for the day he lays the last six 
inches himself. The Christmas 
bells are just proclaiming peace 
on earth and goodwill to men as 
he finishes and folds Eileen into 
his arms. 

Home Libraries. 

"I am very glad of the estab- 
lishment of Religious Book Week. 
It is not enough for people to 
read the current novels and maga- 
zines. Religious families ought 
to build up good libraries of re- 
ligious books. Children should be 
made familiar with them in their 
youth. It is a wholesome thing 
for every family who cares for 
the higher things of life to give 
attention to the additions that are 
made to tl»e home library. This 
ought to include something more 
than the incidental, trivial and 
flippant things, which too many 
people are content to buy and 
read. If we are to train up a 
generation capable of sustained 
thought and possessed oj strong 
Convictions, there must be some 
attention to the selections and 
purchase of good books for the 
home." — Rev. William E. Barton. 

^^rs. Emily Murphy, "Janey Canuck," 
the notpd Canadian Authoress, whose 
novel, "Seeds of Pine," is being 
brought out in a popular edition by 
Messrs. Hodder & Stoughton, this 

Muriel Hine is an English nov- 
elist with a steadily growing fol- 
lowing among Canadian lovers of 
clever fiction, and her latest offer- 
ing, "Torquill's Success," may be 
depended upon to not only please 
those readers, but attract many 
new ones This was one of the 
recent publications by S. B. 
Gundy. It is a $2 volume. 

March, 1922 



More Aid for the Specialist Collector 


A NOTICE was publislicd in 
the Fcliniary issue of the 
Canadian Bookman of the 
first three of a series of pamph- 
lets pubhshcd Iiv I,. Chaundy, of 
London, under the general title, 
"Bibliographies of Modern Au- 
thors," setting forth in full biblio- 
graphical detail the various pub- 
lications in prose and verse of 
Robert Bridg'es, John Masefield 
and George Moore. Now comes, 
also from London, with the im- 
print of the Bookman's Journal, 
an imposing volume bearing the 
same title, "Bibliographies of 
Modern Authors," compil'ed by 
Henry Danielson, the well-known 
London dealer in and authority 
on present-day first editions, and 
containing full collations of all 
first editions of the works of the 
following authors, viz. : Max 
Beerbohm, Rupert Brooke, Hu- 
bert Crackenthorpe, Walter de la 
Mare, John Drinkwat'er, Lord 
Dunsany, James Elroy Flecker, 
George Gissing, Francis Led- 
widge, Compton Mackenzie, John 
Masefield, Leonard Merrick, Rich- 
ard Middleton, Arthur Symons, 
Hugh Walpole. 

The volume, most of the ma- 
terial used in which originally ap- 
peared in the Bookman's Journal, 
includes six fac-similes of title- 
pages, and blank pages, very 
thoughtfully, ar'e provided after 
each bibliography upon which to 
record additional titles. The 
bibliographies are complete to the 
very last detail ; in fact, it might 
be questioned whether so much 
care is really necessary in de- 
scribing books of our own day. 
It is a different matter when 
what is known as incunabula, or 
early printed books, afe being de- 
scribed, for such books often 
underwent changes in the course 
of printing which made it difficult 
without a reliable guide to deter- 
mine what constitutes the first 
edition. One would like to know, 
however, why the bibliographies 
are confined to the regular full- 
length books of the various au- 
thors, to the exclusion of books 
which they have edited, or to 
which they have contributed pre- 
faces or introductions, or in 
which they have been otherwise 
concerned. Surely no collector 
worthy the name would be satis- 

fied unless and until he had 
brought together not only all the 
regular books of his favorite 
author or authors, but also all 
those with which they had in any 
way to do. 

One would like to know, also, 
on what principle the authors 
honored in this volume were 
selected. Most of them can be 
endorsed without question, but 
there are one or two among them, 
at least, whose work, while inter- 
esting enough, does not seem to 
be sufficiently important to war- 
rant their inclusion in such a 
volunVe, while, on the other hand, 
one can readily name a score and 
more of other modern English 
writers who are entitled to be in- 
cluded — J. M. Barrie, Hilaire Bel- 
loc, G. K. Chesterton, Joseph Con- 
rad, John Davidson, W. H. Davies, 
Ernest Dowson, John Gals- 
worthy, W. W. Gibson, Cunning- 
ham Graham, Maurice Hewlett, 
W. E. Henley, Ralph Hodgson, A. 
E. Housman, W. H. Hudson, D. 
H. Lawrence, Lionel Johnson, 
Arthur Machen, Mrs. Meynell, 
George Russell, James Stephens, 
John M. Synge, Francis Thomp- 
son, William Watson, H. G. 
Wells, W. B. Yeats. These, with 
others who also could be named, 
are all authors whose work is 
being gathered to more or less 
considerable extent — and justifi- 
ably — by eager collectors, and 
why they should have been set 
aside in the preparing of the 
volume under consideration is 

dit'ficuk to understand. Of course, 
the line had to be drawn some- 
where, but a more comprehensive, 
and, at the same time, more com- 
pressed, volume would have been 
warmly welcomed by many col- 
lectors. Perhaps, however, we 
ar'e to see additional publications 
of a similar kind later on. 

A casual examination of the 
bibliographies has not revealed 
any serious omissions or errors, 
but it may be pointed out that the 
compiler is wrong in describing 
the London edition of 1918 as the 
first edition of Rupert Brooke's 
collected poems, these having 
tieen first published in New York 
in 1915 with the imprint of the 
John Lane Co. It may be men- 
tioned also — and this is a fact not 
generally known to Brooke col- 
lectors — that his "Letters from' 
America" appeared first in New 
York, being published by the 
Scribners, the London edition be- 
ing issued several months later in 
the same year (1916) and printed 
from the plates of the New York 

By the way, while Max Beer- 
bohm's first book is given here as 
the "Works" of 1896, John Lane, 
in the bibliography appended to 
that volume, cites under the year 
1890 "Beccerius : a Latin frag- 
ment," which he describes as 
comprising "about 12 couplets" 
printed on rough yellow paper, 4 
pp. with no printer's or publish- 
er's name. 

Wanderlust Shelf 

BOOKS of travel will get a 
great deal of attention this 
month by reason of the pub- 
licity being given the Interna- 
tional Travel Exposition to be 
held in New York March 25th to 
April 1st, under the auspices of 
The Travel Club of America. 

Booksellers everywhere should 
advertise travel books and feature 
displays of travel books in their 

Canadian authors and book- 
sellers as well as literary critics, 
librarians and individual book- 
lovers were invited to join in 
nominating the ten best travel 
books, addressing the nominations 

to the Travel Book Committee, 
Grand Central Palace, New York. 
The twenty-five books receiving 
the greatest number of votes will 
be displayed in windows of New 
York book shops during Travel 
Week and also at the Travel Ex- 
position. Visitors to the show 
will decide by ballot which are 
the ten best of these. The ten will 
constitute what will be known as 
the "Wanderlust Shelf," and an- 
nouncement of the titles will be 
made on the afternoon of Friday, 
March 31st, at a reception ten- 
dered by the Travel Club of 
America to all authors,^f travel 



March, 1922 

A New Canadian Poetic Voice 

IT is perhaps not an unreason- 
able demand to make on Cana- 
dian current literature that it 
shall produce at least one inter- 
esting new poet every year. By 
"interesting new poet" one does 
not mean a matured artist with a 
solid body of work to his credit 
entitling him to take rank with 
Bliss Carman; one means only a 
voice sufficiently original and suf- 
ficiently strong to attract interest 
and awaken hope. Mr. Wilson 
McDonald was such a voice two 
or three years ago, and we are 
not sure that there has been 
another since. This year there is 
one, unmistakably, although it 
has onlj^ just been heard. 

"My Pocket Beryl," by Mary 
Josephine Benson, is (in large 
part), real, persona! and authen- 
tic poetry, of the present era. It 
is a first book (McClelland & 
Stewart, Toronto), and it con- 
tains some things which will Ije 
left out of future collections. But 
it contains a score of gems. Best 
of all, it contains a poem which 
shows that the writer knows the 
inner nature of her craft, a poem 
entitled "Words," which is the 
very statement of the self-under- 
standing passion for words which 
is the essence of po'etry : 

As dolphins love the wave and hawks 

the air. 
And moths the light and, blindly, moles 

the earth, 
So have I loved the element of Words. 
I have disported in their deep-piled 

Breasted and breathed their tingling 

Singed my befeathered wings in their 

fierce heat. 
Groped God-ward for their fountain 

when words failed. 

A writer who knows as much 
about words as that, knows far 
too much to make the mistake of 
throwing away any of their pos- 
sible values, any of the enhanced 
powers of suggestion, of fascina- 
tion, of hypnotism almost, tliat 
are added when individual words 
are patterned together in any of 
the man)' reIationship.s of formal 
verse, let it be rhyme, rhythm, 
assonance or what you will. So 
we find very little of that care- 
lessness for sound and that un- 
reasonable effort to appeal to the 

eve which is characteristic of so 
much "modern" verse, and a great 
deal of honest, understanding 
craftsmanship in the forms which 
have been loved of true English 
poets these hundreds of years. 

But a genuine love for words 
cannot be confined to their sound. 
Mrs. Benson shows her respect 
for the words which she loves by 
always using them in a very rich, 
apt, vigorous sense, and by al- 
ways employing them to state a 
worth-while idea. \\'e quote 
"Heredity and Ego" because it is 
not merely a true and important 
idea that is expressed, but a pecu- 
liarly Canadian one : 

I with tlie seashell-sounding licart 
Have scarcely seen a boat, 

And I w-ho tent on the plain apart 
Have sight of hills remote. 

Of lordly seas and mountains grand 
My blood has sudden sense, 

Although I live afar inland — 
With sky for recompense. 

My father was a sailor free. 
My mother from the hills. 

And hauntingly they share with me 
My desert's joys and ills. 

Anon the trackless sea invites. 
And now the mountain wall 

Has peopled all the waste with sights 
I've never viewed at all. 

My father rules my errant heart. 

Or oft my prairie will 
My mother governs, though apart 

I dwell from anv hill. 

Author of "My Pocket Beryl" 

And yet the sweeping plain for me 
With all its bending sky! 

Oh, much I owe heredity. 
But also I am I! 

Quotation is difficult in spite of 
the presence of man\" lovely lines, 
1)ecause their loveliness is not an 
isolated matter of a pleasing 
sound or a happy metaphor, but 
is wrapped up in their relation to 
the whole concept of the poem. 
Here is a three-line picture of the 
derelicts in the garden of St. 
James' Cathedral, Toronto (yes, 
Mrs. Benson can see no reason 
why King Street. Toronto, is not 
just as good poetry as the Strand 
or the Champs Elysees, and 
neither can we) : 

Pickpocketed by Time of youth and 

And pride and hope they crouch 'neath 

Time's high tower, 
Of Time oblivious, striking loud 

Shame's hour. 

And here two little bits of obser- 
vation : 

I saw flame on a smoky wing — 
They called him Oriole. 

the river like a cup 
Is full of sky, as a vintner good 
Had lately filled it up. 

But looking at these by th'em- 
selves we see that they are not 
fair samples of Mrs. Benson's 
power, and we can only say that 
any reader really interested in 
current Canadian verse will have 
to buy or borrow this book and 
read for hiinself "Bark," "Noon 
Day on Lake Ontario," "At the 
Fountain," "The Island of Fulfil- 
ment," "Song of the Mire," and 
almost a score more of poems 
that achieve what they try for 
and state something that has not 
lieen stated quite in this way be- 
fore. The book closes with 
"Tongues of Light," a series of 
monologues by the different 
forms of light, the sun, the stars, 
the aurora, the hearth-fire, etc. ; 
thej' are beautiful and effective. 
l)ut their continuity is obscured 
I)}' the style in which they are 
printed. The publishers tell us 
that Mrs. Benson is a cousin of 
Lieutenant Bernard Freeman 
Trotter, whose "Canadian Twi- 
light" attracted considerable at- 
tention not long ago. 


March, 1922 



Children As They Should Be 


A/O Dl'l l.A RUCllL':, who 
is decidedly one of the ris- 
ing niajjazino writers of the 
continent, and who hves in To- 
ronto, and who is understood to 
lie a lady, althoutfh there is noth- 
ing about the name and not very 
much abtmt the stories to support 
that understanding, is the author 
of a volume entitled. "Explorers 
of the Dawn" (Alacmillan. To- 
ronto. $2..^0). which is receiving 
widespread approval in the United 
States and has the honor of a 
foreword hy Christopher IMorley. 
When we sa\- that Christopher 
Morlcv is the one man in America 
who could properly have been 
asked to write this foreword, we 
have said a great deal about the 
nature of the l)Ook. It is a bonk 
about children ; but it is not a 
book about the little angels and 
little nuisances whom you and i 
meet in our friends' houses and 
l)erhaps stumble over in our own. 
It is not a book about real chil- 
dren at all, and it docs not pre- 
tend to be and should not be ex- 
pected to be. It is a book about 
the kind of children that you and 
I. if we are highly imaginative 
persons, and in our most \vildly 
imaginative moments, believe 
ourselves to have lieen — knowhig. 
of course, all the while, that as a 
matter of ])rosaic fact we must 
have been just like the little 
angels and brats and nuisances 
whom we see around us. If we 
want a book about real children 
— by which we mean children as 
they manifest themselves to adult 
apprehension — we can go out and 
buy one of Air. Booth Tarking- 
ton's. If we want a book about 
children as they manifest them- 
selves to their fellow-children, 
there is always the Boys' Own 
Paper. But if we want a book 
about children such as we 
imagine ourselves to have been, 
or wish that we could have been, 
we go to Sir J. M. Barrie. And 
now it begins to look as if we 
could go also to Mazo de la 

"Explorers of the Dawn" has 
all the accessories of traditional 
Childhood As It Should Have 
Been Lived. To begin w"ith, the 
children are three in number, of 
very slight disparity of age. of 
the same sex (masculine), and all 
living tog'ether in the house of 

their governess, to wiiich they 
have been consigned after their 
mother's death and while their 
father is building a railway in 
South America. Then, this house 
is next door to the abode of a 
Bishop, in an Old I'jiglish Cathe- 
dral Town. Then tliere arc a 
Bishop's Grandniecc. a Retired 
Pirate Captain, a Shoemaker 
With a Lunatic Wife and a Long- 
Lost Daughter, an Irish -Servant 
With a Kind Heart and a lirogue, 
a Duke's Disinherited Young'er 
Son. a Duke's Disinherited 
Younger Son's Music-Hall Wife 

I'iratr and the .Shoemaker, they 
admit the three infants to the 
very heart of their preoccupa- 
tions, which are of a most desper- 
ate and adventurous kind. Only 
Mrs. I landsomebody, the aged 
governess, remains an inconver- 
tible adult, never tf) be naturaliz- 
ed into the republic of Juvenilia 
and to exercise therein the full 
rights t)f citizenship, and we 
think Miss Mazo de la Roche 
made a tactical mistake in letting 
her go to the iiantomine in the 
last cha])ter. 

We do not know whether "Ex- 

Autlii)! ot "Explor 

— in fact, all the \-ery person^ 
■whom you and I would have liked 
to associate with in the days of 
our youth. Xor are these persons 
depicted in the drab and unexcit- 
ing manner of the realist ; they 
come on the stage (we keep 
thinking of Miss de la Roche's 
events as if they were going on in 
the bright, golden light of the 
theatre) in the full traditional 
panoply of their various profes- 
sions, costumes, arms, vocabulary 
and all. And they play up to their 
audience of three open-mouthed 
children in just that whole-heart- 
ed manner which adults so ter- 
ribly seldom exhibit to children in 
real life. Even the Bishop is not 
too busy episcopating to play 
musical chairs, and as for the 


ers of the Dawn." 

plorers of the Dawn" is a book 
for children, but then we never 
know what is a book for children 
until the children have told us. It 
is not a book for all adults. But 
it will be pretty safe with adults 
who like Christopher Morley. 
And it will rest tlVem when they 
are tired of reading about the 
human boy and the human girl 
as they really are on this prosaic 
Xorth American continent. 

In "Air. Prohack," Arnold Ben- 
nett has combined a delightful 
Islend of humor and seriousness, 
dealing with the difficulties of 
parents who have been too poor, 
but afterwards become too rich. 



March, 1922 

The Literary Promise of the West 

CANADIAX Authors' Week 
has drawn attention not onlj- 
to Canada's literary achieve- 
ments, but to her possibilities. 
The West, although hitherto 
a rather unproductive fi'eld of 
Canadian literature, is one of 
great promise. There is lofty in- 
spiration in its giant Rockies and 
in its miles and miles of foot- 
hills. There is a wealth of un- 
sung beauty hidden in its moun- 
tain lakes and in those passes 
where "Snows and Suns and mad 
winds meet to liattle where the 
cliffs defend." The poet's soul, 
cramped in populous cities, here 
expands and e.xults in measure- 
less prairies ; it finds its home in 
the loneliness of the West. 

There is a story in each crooked 
trail ; the sad story of a race that 
is vanishing even as the snows of 
yesterday, of the men who once 
owned the country, who blazed 
their trails and wandered where 
they would, and who now have 
the freedom of but a few "reser- 
vations." There are other stories 


in these trails ; stories of caravans 
and gallant pioneers, of their 
hardships and their determina- 
tion. There are thrilling tales of 
^Mounted Police and of heroic 
Missioners. Really there are a 
thousand sources of inspiration 
in the West. 

The literature of the West will 
be strong and virile, for lofty 
mountains and vast plains, tales 
of stoic Red-men and brave 
pioneers can inspire nothing 
small or weak. Western poets 
will not sing of trees and babbling 
brooks ; these gentle nature- 
themes will be replaced by forests 
and wild torrents. The rigorous 
climate makes strong and active 
men and women, to whom ad- 
versit}' brings not despair but in- 
creased hope. Surely this country 
and these people give promise of 
a literature that will live long 
and be able to dispense with 
gentler charms on account of its 
rugged greatness. 

But since there is such great 
promise, why is it that the West 

has been so unproductive in the 
literary line? For one reason, it 
has no parent literature from 
which to draw the source of its 
own. The early French settlers 
had their "chansons" and their 
Ijallads which originated in 
France, but Western songs must 
be born on the Prairie. Although 
the country is blessed with the 
buoyancy and energy of youth, 
this very j'outh is its greatest 
literary drawback. Young coun- 
tries must necessarily be com- 
mercial, and a commercial spirit 
retards literary growth, for litera- 
ture is the result of a cultured 
atmosphere, and while a countr}^ 
is still struggling for mere ex- 
istence it has no time for culture. 
The West, however, is making 
great strides in educational di- 
rections ; Edmonton is already 
quite a centre of culture and has 
produced some of the cleverest 
Canadian writers of the present 
day. In time, this culture will 
extend over the whole country 
and the promise will be fulfilled. 

The Winter- Fast (For Lent) 


OW are the lengthening days. 
Though still wild winter 

Chilling the stars and moon 
And the low suns of noon. 

Not yet we hear the South 
With laughter in its mouth. 
Nor songs of summer birds 
That soothe like loving words. 

Our lonely homesteads stand 
All in an ice-bound land ; 
And down the canyon street 
We pass with hasting feet. 

Yet are th'ere mornings when 
The lord of earth and men 
Looks down with face of gold 
From azure clear and ciild; 

Mounts his meridian 
Unto what heights he can, 
And turning thence at noon 
Climbs higher until June. 

But when the night comes on ; 
And stars begin to dawn. 
Gleaming through boundless' skies 
I turn awaj' my eyes. 


Now while the snows lie deep 
The Lenten Fast we keep; 
For forty days deny 
A year's satiety. 

No carillon is rung 
Or loud Te Deum sung : 
Ashes and low-voiced psalm 
Till Easter pomp and palm. 

We move in pleasing gloom 
Till Easter lights illume; 
Luxuriating in 
Small penance for much sin. 

We fast from plenteous food, 
Yet hardly pause to brood 
Upon the erring way 
Our vagrant footsteps stray; 

From our abundance choose 
Such food as we refuse ; 
Knowing when Lent is o'er 
That we need fast no more. 

The Fast comes late or soon 
As wandereth the moon ; 
In calendars is set 
Alas, lest we forget. 

And we forget the days 
One spent in desert ways 
Sad that humanity 
Must bear their cross as He. 

And we forget the Fast 

Of immemorial past 

When snows piled snows 

Ere the long winter's close ; 

When hunter on the hill 

Saw white plains bare and still 

And vainly in the wood 

The trapper sought for food; 

When in their caverns dwelt 
The martyrs first who felt 
The hunger-agony 
Of ancient tragedy. 

In cold, famine and dark 
They nursed the primal spark 
Into diviner flame — 
Priests of forgotten name. 

Good Christian, on thy knees, 
I pray thee think of these 
^^"ho kept in far-off past 
The bitter the winter-fast. 




March, 1922 



Canadian Anthologies 


IN reading tlie article in the 
Feliniary nunihcr of the Cana- 
dian Piodknian on the genesis 
of the anthology hitherto attri- 
buted to the late Wilfrid Camp- 
bell, one finds oneself sharing the 
hewildered emotions of Alice in 
the trial scene. What is it all 
about, and why? Both matter 
and material suggest Margot 
Asquith. You will remember that 
Margot has a playful way of 
sticking a knife into a man's 
moral or intellectual reputation 
after he has been safely tucked 
away in the grave. You will 
recollect, also, how instinct her 
writings are with the qualities of 
modesty and good taste. This 
Philanthropic Iconoclast has ap- 
parently been treasuring these 
momentous disclosures for years, 
but was "conscionably prevented" 
during Dr. Campbell's lifetime 
because of the poet's stormy tem- 
perament. Have you ever noticed 
how often explanations of this 
kind have the disconcerting quali- 
ties of a boomerang? 

"For me to have told the 
world." says the P.I., "that the 
Oxford Book of Canadian Verse 
was 'a fortuitous concurrence of 
poetical atoms' would have been 
fatal to the peace of the Canadian 
literary realm." As some of our 
American cousins have it, I'll say- 
it would ! It might be fatal to 
the peace even of a dachshund. 

'Tis a breathless tale the P. I. 
has to tell. It all happened, it ap- 
pears, in Toronto — where every- 
thing worth happening, happens. 
You are to imagine yourself back 
in the days before the war. The 
P. I., we are told, was walking 
down Richmond Street, to meet 
Rupert Brooke at the Arts and 
Letters Club. The fact that the 
P. I. walked down Richmond 
street is an extremely important 
fact, as you will presently see. 
As the P.I. passed the offices of 
the Oxford Press, who should he 
see leaning out of the window 
but Mr. S. B. Gundy. Knowing 
S. B. Gundy as we do, we feel 
justified in adding, as a little bit 
of local color, that his features 
were graced with a winning smile 
and a Perfecto. Mr. Gundy 
"beckoned me within." Now you 
will see that if the P. I. had taken 
a taxi, as he really should have 

done, because Rupert I'rooke was 
probably waiting for him im- 
patiently, the momentous circum- 
stances that he is about to de- 
scribe would never have jiap- 
pened — and that would have been 
another calamity to the Canadian 
literary realm. 

Well, Mr. Gundy beckoned the 
P. I. within, and handed him a 
thin book, saying, "What do you 
think of that?" It was the origi- 
nal printer's rough make-up of 
The O.xford Book of Canadian 
Verse. The P. I. "hurriedly or 
cursorily examined its contents." 
Note how careful the P. I. is to 
be meticulously just. If he did 
not examine it hurriedly, he at 
any rate examined it cursorily, 
which suggests profane haste. 
Now hold your breath, for this is 
a most dramatic moment. "As 
we both looked into one another's 
faces, we chorused, 'This will 
never do !' " And somewhere out 
on Richmond Street a hurdy- 
gurdy ground out the appropriate 
music of the popular refrain, 
"Poor Lou, Poor Lou ! No, this 
will never do !" 

The P. I. rushed oft in a fine 
frenzy to the Arts and Letters 
Club, where he showed the book 
to Brooke and a group of the 
members. "The}' all expressed 
the same depreciation of the 
volume (and Brooke wrote in ink 
on the fl3--leaf a stanza from 
either his "Lust" or "Dust," I've 
forgotten which, and the book is 
not at hand)." The reader, of 
course, grasps the tremendous 
significance of the fact that 
Rupert Brooke wrote on the fly- 
leaf a stanza from either his 
"Lust" or "Dust," P. I. forgets 
which. It may have been from 
his "Just" or "Rust"; or even 
from his "Must" or "Bust." 

In any event, the P. I. posted 
back to Mr. Gundy, and breath- 
lessly announced to the publisher, 
"There isn't a single poet except 
Marjorie Pickthall, of the later 
generation of our poets repre- 
sented in the volume !" The plot 
thickens. We now have two 
counts against poor Campbell. 
The chorus "This will never do !" 
could not have referred to the 
omission of the later generation 
of poets, because that was evi- 

dently a new discovery made at 
the conference in the Arts and 
Letters Club, and had something 
to do with Rupert Brooke's 
verses with the elusive title. We 
may conjecture that the soulful 
moment when the P.I. and the 
publisher gazed into one another's 
faces was inspired by the thin- 
ness of the printer's make-up. Or 
perhaps it was merely an emo- 
tional ejaculation. 

But we are dela3ing the action. 
The scene is in the publisher's 
office.' "Take it," exclaims Mr. 
Gundy, "and do what you can to 
improve it." 

"I can't* improve it without re- 
making it from beginning to end," 
passionately replies the P. I. 

But there was not time for 
that ; the Canadian public were 
clamoring for another anthology 
of Canadian verse. Accordingly 
it was agreed that the P.I. should 
rush home to his library of Cana- 
diana, and select forty or fifty 
poems from the work of the later 
Canadian poets, and return with 
the typewritten manuscript next 
day ! The exclamation is the 
P.I.'s, not mine, but I accept it as 
altogether appropriate to the oc- 
casion. Need it be said that he 
achieved the impossible? Time 
was when the selection of ma- 
terial for an anthology was a task 
of time and patience and infinite 
thought. But the modern Pal- 
grave makes a selection of forty 
odd poems, and has them neatly 
typewritten for the printer, all in 
a summer's evening. Finally, we 
are favor'ed with the P. I.'s 
opinion that the anthology, from 
the point of view of its making, 
is "a literary abortion." 

We are not told what the late 
Dr. Campbell thought of this en- 
tirely original method of compil- 
ing an anthology. So far as the 
evidence goes, it seems quite 
probable that the additions were 
made without either his know- 
ledge or consent. There are, one 
ventures to think, certain ethics 
that should govern the relations 
of authors or editors and pub- 
lishers. Are there not, also, cer- 
tain implied obligations as be- 
tween publishers and their public ? 
And is it quite consistent with 
these obligations to put forth a 


the work of Wilfrid CamplDell a 
Ijook put together in the manner 
described by the ingenuous P.I.? 
Altog'ether apart from ethics, 
might it not have l)een better 
under all the circumstances to have 
allowed the public to remain in 
blissful ignorance of the some- 
what irregular manner in which 
the Oxford Book of Canadian 
Verse was edited? 

In what has been said above, 
the writer's comments are neces- 
sarily based upon the accuracy of 
the statements contained in the 
article in The Canadian Bookman, 
and are not intended to reflect in 
any way upon Mr. Gundy, whose 
side of the question has not vet 
been heard. Mr. Gundy may well 
say, whatever the outcome "Save 
me from mj- friends !" The writer 
is still more anxious to disclaim 
any thought of criticism of the 
late Rupert Brooke, for whose 
personality and poetry he has al- 
ways had the most sincere ad- 


March, 1922 


whose "Moonlight and Common Day" is shortly to 

come from Macniillan's. 

>ome Fine 

THERE is one story in "A Bit 
of a Drifter and Other 
stories," by the late Mabel 
Hodgson Gurd (Chapman, Mon- 
treal; Musson, Toronto, $2.00), 
which reveals a remarkable in- 
sight into a delicate psychological 
situation. This is the tale en- 
titled "Separation," which deals 
with the feelings and attitude of 
a woman whose son has gone to 
war and been killed, and who 
lilames his father for consenting 
to his going. The case is typical 
of a large class, and so far as we 
are aware the study of it is new 
to fiction. The mind of the 
mother is depicted with remark- 
able justice and sympathy. There 
can be no doubt that the, circum- 
stances in which a good many 
mothers live — their exclusion 
from other interests, the all-too- 
trequent chilling of the relations 
between the parents as the chil- 
dren grow up — explain if they do 
not excuse the growth of an ex- 
aggerated and egotistical ma- 
ternity, a mainly selfish desire to 
control and dominate the child 
for the sake of the mother's hap- 
I'iness rather than the child's 
liighest development. We are far 
from suggesting that this vice is 
^confined to mothers; but the cir- 
^mstance which does most to 


produce it. namelw the lack of 
c)ther interests, is, of course, far 
more common with mothers than 
with fathers. The result of this 
distorted rrfTection, and of the 
blow that it suffers when the son 
goes to war, is, in the case de- 
picted by Mrs. Gurd, an extreme 
hardening of the mother's heart 
against the father, so that th'e 
parents, instead of aiding one 
another in their sorrow, make it 
harder to bear for each. Fortu- 
nately, the disease (for such it 
seems to us) has not progressed 
so far that the woman cannot 
eventually be cured by the fresh- 
air-and-sunshine treatment, so to 
speak, of contact with the life 
around her, with its jo\'S and sor- 
rows, leading to a realization of 
the small importance of the in- 
dividual and the unhealthincss of 
excessive egotism. The tale is told 
with a simplicity which proves 
a great deal of art, but its great 
value is in the keen observation 
and just depiction of a subtle do- 
mestic situation. 

The other tales in the volume- 
are consideralily less important, 
simply because they deal with 
less vital subject-matter and 
show less original observation. 
The two most ambitious are con- 
cerned with that ancient i)roblem 


— the strife between the artistic 
temperament and the hum-drum 
domestic interior. It requires a 
very dramatic form of statement 
to make that prolilem interesting 
in this post-war period, and Mrs. 
Gurd was not so fortunate in 
either her situation or her char- 
acters as in "Separation." A very 
short sketch entitled "The Brass 
Bowl" is a triumph of effective 
compression and contrast. The 
whole volume is made up of 
serious artistic work, and is not 
to be confused with the short 
stories of commerce. The tragi- 
cally early death of the author, 
which has occurred since this 
Aolume reached us, deprives the 
Canadian short-story field of one 
of its most promising serious 

Wells, H. G., "Washington and the 
Peace Riddle." Macmillan, Toronto, 
$2.00. This is a reprint of Mr. Wells' 
iic\vspai)er letters between November 
7th and December 14th, 1921. The 
author's summing up in the last 
chapter clearly proves that a world e.x- 
clusivcly populated by spiritual coun- 
terparts of Mr. H. G. Wells, differing 
only in racial characteristics, and with 
himself as dictator, would be a more 
excellent place to live in ; but it leaves 
one convinced that nothing short of 
the absolute making-over of human 
nature can produce the result at which 
Mr. Wells aims. 

March, 1922 




Individualize Your Window Displays 

SiMiClALIZATION should be 
the key-m>te of every hook- 
seller's displays. A window 
with a miscellaneous collection 
of books suitable for people of all 
ages and tastes attracts the at- 
tention of none. The dealer goes 
on the theory oi having some- 
thing to appeal to all, but far 
better results are gained by talk- 
ing (through one's window) to a 
certain class at a time, and win- 
ning the attention of all in that 

First and foremost — there's the 
boy. Some boys are natural 
readers ; all would be if books 
were brought to their attention 
in an attractive manner. Nothing 
fascinates them more than stories 
of cowboys and Indians, and if 
the right sort of books and writ- 
ers are selected, there is nothing 
better for them than these stir- 
ring tales of bravery and action. 
Here is how a western firm 
gained the attention of every 
youth that passed their store, and 
greatly increased their sale of 
adventure books. 

On an elevation in the back 
corner of the window a small 
Indian encampment was erected. 
A number of tepees, painted in 
red hieroglyphics, and a miniature 
campfire around which were 
seated a number of dolls dressed 
as braves, squaws and papooses, 
furnished an attractive back- 
ground. A large poster of an In- 
dian chief hung on the wall and 
in easily read letters was the 
caption : "Real Indian life by one 
who has lived among them as an 
adopted son." Among the books 
which filled the balance of the 
window were strewn Indian bas- 
kets, bits of pottery, moccasins 
and Indian dolls dressed in beads 
and fringed leather — all fif which 
wares were for sale inside. No 
lurid, distorted, wild west tales 
were shown. All the books were 
about Indians and pioneers, writ- 
ten in a fascinating manner b}- 
men who had lived among them 
and knew their wavs. Everv one 


was a bot)k that could be put into 
the hands of the boys by parents 
themselves. .Among them were 
such famous titles as: "Forty 
^'ears With the Indians," "Among 
the Shoshones," "O, Pioneers," 
"The Quest of the Fish Dog 
.Skin." "Famous IncUan Chiefs," 
"With Sully Into the Sioux Land," 
"Indian and Scout," "The Indian 
Book," "The Pioneer Trail," and 
"The Indian of To-day." To these 
might be added these sterling 
classics, "The Leather Stocking 
Tales." Isn't this a collection to 
gladden the heart of any lad with 
red blood in his veins? 

The business man and the en- 
terprising youth who is just em- 
barking in the business world are 
classes who should not be for- 
gotten. They are willing to pay 
a good i)rice for anything that 
will help them in their business or 
career, and the dealer should 
make it his business to see that 
thev are supplied. A Detroit sta- 
tioner\- firm, John Y. Sheehan iS: 

Compan)', had the right idea 
when they displayed their "Busi- 
ness Building" window. In the 
centre was a large picture of a 
prosperous-looking business man 
sitting at his desk in a well- 
ajjpointed office. Above it was a 
sign : 


Get Ahead? Make More Money? 

Let us sCtgg'est that you cast your 

eye on the books in this 

window and see which 

meet your needs. 

Among the books displayed 
were: "Men Who Sell Things." 
"Business Building Ideas," "The 
Business of Advertising," "Suc- 
cessful Selling," "Writing an Ad- 
vertisement," and many other 
notable business books. 

These are just a few sugges- 
tions with regard to indi\idua1iz- 
ing your windows to make them 
noticeable. It is publicit\" that 
pa\ s big dividends. 

Take McFee's Advice 

William McFee, the author, 
who has had such a remarkable 
rise to popularity by reason of his 
extraordinarily fine sea stories 
has a pet sea library the list of 
which has been printed on the in- 
side back cover on Frank Shay's, 
"Iron Men and Wooden Ships," 
this latter being a volume of sailor 
chanties. Regarding these books 
forming his "sea library," McFee 
said recently: 

"Only deep sea sailors would be 
able to take this suggested library 
with them, because a sailor only 
reads at sea. When a landward 
breeze brings the odor of alien 
lands through the open scuttle, 
one closes the book and, if one is a 
normal and rational kind ot chap 
and the quarantine regulations 
permit, goes ashore." 

The list of titles is as follows: 

On the back cover of Frank 
Shav's collection of sailor chant- 

ies, "Iron Men and Wooden 
Ships," is printed McFee's Sea 

"Tom Cringle's Log," by Michael 


"Two Years Before the Mast," 
by R. H. Dana. 

"Midshipman Easy," by Captain 

"Captains Courageous," by Rud- 
yard Kipling. 

"The Flying Cloud," by Morley 

"Cruise of the Cachallot" by 
Frank T. Bullen. 

"Log of a Sea Waif," bv Frank 
TT Bullen. 

"The Salving of a Derelict," by 
Maurice Drake. 

"The Grain Carriers," by Ed- 
ward Noble. 



March, 1922 

"Marooned," by Clark Russell. 
"Typhoon," by Joseph Conrad. 
"Toilers of the Sea," by Victor 

"An Iceland Fisherman," by 

Pierre Loti. 

"The Sea Surgeon," by Gabrielle 

"The Sea Hawk," by Sabatini. 

There is a valuable suggest on 
here for the bookseller to promote 
sales of good tales of the sea. 

By way it may be recorded here 
that Morley who conducts the 
"Bowling Green" in the New 
York Evening Post, and Don 
Marquis, conductor of the Sun 
Dial, in the New York Sun, whose 
inimitable "The Old Soak" about 
to be published, recently felt the 
lure of the films and "went into 
the movies." They played as 
extras in Elsie Ferguson's new 
picture, "Footlights." 

"The Valley of Paradise." 

Three men and a girl wrecked 
on a deserted island, form the 
nucleus of interest in one of the 
latest issues in T. Fisher Unwin's 
first novel library, the title of the 
story being "The Valley of Para- 
dise." The author is Alfred 
Gorden Bennett. 

The lonely island takes on tense 
phases of life in the thrilling 
romance, love and jealousy that 
are met within its bounds with 
the arrival of the four principals. 

The volume is pulilished at 7s. 

The bookseller having a circu- 
lating library should find this a 
most acceptable volume for the 

"Of the West, Western." 

Two new novels of action that 
have just come from the Ryerson 
Press suggest specialization by 

booksellers that should lead to 
goodly sales. 

These books are "The Hidden 
Places," by Bertrand W. Sinclair, 
and "The Rider of the Golden 
Bar," by William Patterson 

Sinclair's novel has the addi- 
tional interest of being laid in the 
Canadian West, but, whether laid 
north or south of the 49th parallel, 
there are plenty of people who 
will buy almost all they can get 
of really well-told western tales 
of outdoor action such as these. 

The scene of "The Hidden 
Places" is largely in the Toba 
Valley of British Columbia, and 
the story possesses the same rug- 
ged virility as the locality of its 

Patterson White's book is 
worthy of the author of "The 
owner of the Lazy D." 

Opening Canadian Branch in Toronto 

THE old established house of 
Longmans, Green & Co., with 
the reputation of having the 
longest history of any book pub- 
lishing concern in the English- 
speaking world, and who have for 
years maintained a successful 
American house in New York, are 
now about to extend their activi- 
ties by maintaining a branch in 

This branch will he in charge 
of Mr. Theodore F. Pike, who is 
popularly known throughout the 
book trade of Canada by reason 
of having for a number of years 
travelled this country, latterly 
out of New York, representing 
the American branch of Long- 
mans, Green & Co. 

Mr. Pike was in Toronto earlv 
this month when he made pre- 
liminary arrangements for the 
opening of the new branch on 
April 15th, including the taking 
of a lease of the premises at 210 
Victoria Street, which, it will be 
remembered, was the building 
occupied by Bell & Cockburn. The 
whole of the second floor of this 
building will be occupied, permit- 
ting the carrying of goodly stocks 
of the extensive publications of 
this house. Mr. Pike also made 
arrangements for advertising in 
"The Canadian Bookman," the 
series of announcements to begin 
with the next issue, so that the 
booksellers may look forward to 

THEODORE F. PIKE in charge 

this interesting addition to the 
messages from Canadian publish- 
ers presented in each succeeding 
issue of this journal. 
Longmans, Green & Co. are in- 

and "Labour's Magna Charta," a 
critical study of the labour 
clauses of the peace treaty, by 
Archibald Chisholm. 

In conversation with "The 
Canadian Bookman," Mr. Pike 
said that this removal to Canada 
was the realization of a desire 
that he had had almost ever since 
the close of his previous residence 
in this country, and he added 
that this was shared by Mrs. Pike 
as weU. According to Mr. John 
C. Saul, there is an interesting 
sentimental reason for this in 
that their marriage took place on 
this side of the line- — in Winnipeg 
to be more definite. One thing 
certain is that their pleasure in 
returning to Canada is by no 
means stronger than the welcome 
that awaits them on the part of 
the book trade fraternity of 
Canada. Here's success to "Teddy" 
Pike in his new venture. 


Who will manage the Canadian Branch being 
opened in Toronto by Longmans, Green & Co. 

eluding in their early spring pub- 
lications : "Hinduism and Buddh- 
ism : An Historical Sketch," by 
Sir Charles Eliot, "The King's 
Council in the North," filling in a 
gap in sixteenth and seventeenth 
century local history, by R. R. 
Reid; "A Short History of the 
Irish People," by Mary Hayden; 

Tracing and Drawing Books. 

Another new line of made-in- 
Canada books for children has 
come this year in the Canadian 
series of Tracing and Drawing 
Books introduced by Hodder & 
Stoughton, Limited. Ultimately 
the line is to be widened to in- 
clude various toy books, but the 
initial step is to complete three 
series of books with tracing in- 
serts, these series comprising 
items for retailing at 10c, ISc and 
25c each. 

March. 1922 



To Get Something Worth-while 
Out of Religious Book Week 

APRIL 2 . 8 

WE suggest that you read the article "A 
Real Opportunity for Booksellers" else- 
where in this issue and proceed accordingly. 
We will be glad to help you as suggested there- 
in or in any other way you can suggest. We 
submit that at least it will furnish you with 
some new ideas. 

Get After the Man Who Buys Books for His Children 

Get After the Children too, with these : 

New Canadian Copyright Editions of Louisa M. Alcott s 


These are in demand everywhere. In good cloth binding with o^ 1 
picture jackets. They are sure to be splendid sellers at the price m> | 



JACK AND JILL — also— 



New Canadian Copyright Editions of 

Anna Sewell's "BLACK BEAUTY" 

Three Editions to Retail at 60c, $1.00, $2.00 

NOTE— We hold absolutely sole Canadian rights on this book and intend to protect 

ourselves against importations. 



Toronto, Ontario 



March, 1922 

A Real Opportunity for Booksellers 


^O you really think Relig- 
ious Book Week is worth 
while for Canada?" was 
a question placed before Dr. S. 
W. Fallis, the Book Steward of 
the Methodist Book and Publish- 
ing House, the other day. "Is it 
feasible for booksellers to expect 
any satisfactory returns from a 
little extra effort during the week 
in question?" 

"Naturally we are enthusiastic 
about Religious Book Week," 
said Dr. Fallis, "but aside from 
any advantage a special effort like 
this might seem likely to bring to 
us, we believe there is a really 
first-rate opportunity for the 
bookseller who is willing to work, 
not only to dispose of a few 
special books during that week, 
but also to create a number of 
new and steady customers. I pre- 
sume it is perfectly natural," Dr. 
Fallis went on, "and as we find to 
be the case, particularly in the 
smaller .towns, for the bookseller 
to expect his business to come to 
him as it does to other merchants 
— in his store — and in consequence 
that he buys almost exclusively 
the things which he knows he can 
sell immediately — fiction by popu- 
lar authors, and other books of a 
general type for which a demand 
has already been created. It has 
been demonstrated over and over 
again by booksellers who were 
energetic and advanced enough to 
do their selling in a little more 
modern way, namely, by circulari- 
zation or by actual calls on pro- 
spective customers, that there 
was splendid business in books 
which would not ordinarily sell 
over the counter in their towns. 
"We believe this would apply 
particularly just now when there 
is unusual interest and discussion 
all over Canada in several rather 
interesting theological and doc- 
trinal questions. In every town 
large enough to support a book- 
store there are dozens of people 
interested in these questions who, 
if well-recommended books cover- 
ing them were suggested, would 
certainly be willing to buy. Once 
they knew that the local retailer 
was able to supply books on cur- 
rent problems this class of people 
would become steady customers. 
One well-known Toronto book- 
seller has cultivated a special 
trade through methods just like 

An Interview With Dr. Fallis. 

this, which lirings him thousands 
of dollars of business every year. 
There could not be a better time 
for beginning a campaign of this 
kind than during the coming Re- 
ligious Book Week, particularly 
when it falls, as it does, in the 
bookseller's between - seasons 

At this point the Methodist 
Book Chief jumped up energeti- 
cally and walked over to the 
window, leaning on it as though 
thinking deeply. 

"There are half a dozen other 
things which a bookseller might 
do during Religious Book Week," 
he proceeded, after a minute. 


Head of the Largest Religious Book House 

in Canada. 

"Being a preacher myself and 
knowing what it means as a 
preacher to have my parishioners 
reading good books, I know very 
well that a fair percentage of the 
ministers would be ready to fol- 
low up the good work they did in 
Canadian .Authors' Week last 
Fall with another sermon, or per- 
haps two, on such subjects as 
'Good Reading,' 'Worth-while 
Books of the Present Day,' 'New 
Books on Outstanding Problems.' 
This sort of thing would he al- 
most certain to stir up a demand 
at least worth while to stock 
three or four copies of the recom- 
mended volumes. There would be 
no difficulty in finding out in ad- 
vance what volumes would be re- 
ferred to and these even might be 
placed in the display window with 

a card reading something like : 
'Rev. Dr. Blank will preach about 
these on Sunday next,' or 'Rev. 
Mr. Jones recommends these for 
present-day reading.' 

"Here is another suggestion," 
Dr. Fallis continued. "If news 
items, properly worked up, re- 
garding the Book Week idea are 
sent into the local newspapers 
they will be very glad to make 
use of them at least to such an 
extent as is warranted by their 
news value. It would iDe real 
news if the fact of the sermons 
suggested a moment or two ago 
could be coupled up with the Re- 
ligious Book Week idea." 

"Is there any part the churches 
themselves would be likely to 
take in the celel^ration of Re- 
ligious Book Week?" the Book- 
man asked. 

"I scarcely see," Dr. Fallis said, 
after considering a moment, 
"where you could link up the 
churches with the idea, aside 
friim the plans already suggested. 
A new scheme in some churches, 
however, is a sort of rejuvenation 
of the library idea, consisting in 
placing book tables with desirable 
new books in the vestibule and 
urging the people to use these in 
the same way as they use the 
books from the jiublic library. 
Ancjther opportunity for the 
Ijookseller would seem to lie in 
this where there are C[uite a num- 
Iver of churches in Canada ener- 
getic enough and financially able 
to carry this idea forward if it 
were properly presented to them. 
Lists of the books should be 
made out by the pastors of the 
churches. The Methodist Book 
and Publishing Hnuse has a Book 
Advisor now. who spends most of 
his time in giving advice of this 
kind. The bookseller's job would 
be to get the matter going and 
get the order. The publishers 
will be glad to help him both in 
supplying suggestive lists and" — 
this came with a smile — "supply- 
ing him with the books. 

Hymn Books and Bibles. 
"We sometimes feel," Dr. Fallis 
went on again, "that the liook- 
seller does neglect one good op- 
portunity, and in this I must con- 
fess we are particularly inter- 
ested. I have gone into store 
after store in various parts of 
Canada at all seasons of the year, 

March, 1922 



Two Unusual New Novels 

to feature this Spring 

The Canyon of the Fools 

By Richard Mathews Hallet 

Excitement and Chuckles 

in the near-Mexican 

Gold Fields. 

The dashing story of a young 
fellow who tried theology, 
then thought of osteopathy, 
and finally ended up with 
love and hunting for gold 
near the Mexican border. 
Cloth, $2.00 

Coomer Ali 

By 5. B. H. Hurst 

A new world of adventure 

---the land and sea 

between Yokohama 

and Calcutta. 

A first novel of mystery and 
adventure portraying the sea 
life of the far-east as it has 
never been done before. This 
author is worth developing 
for he has many books to fol- 
low this first title. 

Cloth, $2.00 

Two Especially Interesting Non- 
Fiction Titles 

Home Conveniences 

By F. W. Ives 

Little things as well as big 
that simplify and im- 
prove home -making. 

The first complete handbook 
on practical appliances that a 
modern home in the city or 
country requires. It treats of 
best devices for cooking, wash- 
ing, cleaning, plumbing, stor- 
ing, etc. 

Cloth, $1.75 

The Mind in the Making 

By James Harvey Robinson 

A book to awaken every 
reader to a real under- 
standing of his 
own mind. 

This is a book for that large 
body of general readers as well 
as historians and philosophers 
who wish to know why they 
act as they do, and how far 
man has actually progressed 
towards "civilization." 
Cloth, $3.00 


Publishers TORONTO 


and scarcely any time except at 
Christinas see a hymn book or 
Bible displayed anywhere. It 
would seem that this special week 
was one time when these always- 
steady-sellers and good profit- 
makers, too, should be given a 
prominent place in the store, or 
even the first place in a window. 
I believe there would be steady 
and much larger sales for Bibles, 
hymn books, prayer books, psalms 
and other things of the same type 
if the bookseller kept these things 
properly displayed." 

There was no hesitancy in Dr. 
Fallis' reply to the next question : 


"Is the sale of Religious books in- 
creasing or decreasing in Can- 

"Of course it is increasing," he 
said. "As our country is growing 
up people are getting larger and 
better ideas of worth-while things 
and are reading more and better 
books. This will continue as the 
country grows older. Canada has 
been, as compared to some of the 
European countries, in the boy 
and girl stage, and her reading in 
consequence, has not, in some re- 
spects, grown up. This does not 
mean that there is not a worthy 

March, 1922 

body of readers of good literature 
in Canada now. There is a re- 
markable one for our age and 
population. And as we are reach- 
ing years of maturity the demand 
is increasing for really good and 
heavier things. It will continue 
to do so as our population in- 
creases and as our percentage of 
educated people becomes larger. 
As our towns grow up the de- 
mand for a better class of litera- 
ture will increase. If the local 
l)e(iple know that the bookseller 
is ready to supply what they want 
his business will grow with his 

Growth of a Book Display Idea 


DISPLAY is a problem in 
bookstores as in all other 
stores. Solve that problem 
so as to get maximum attention 
for your goods and your business 
cannot fail to be successful, pro- 
viding always that you are buy- 
ing the right class of goods to 
sell at the right price. 

The recent campaign for Chil- 
dren's Book Week and Canadian 
Authors' Week encouraged in- 
tensive specialization in books of 
those two general classifications. 

but that does not mean that 
similar methods cannot be 
brought to bear on other books. 
The objective of the bookseller 
should be to make those events 
lead to larger activity in the book 
trade in the months and the years 
to follow. 

The accompanying illustration 
of a silent salesman for popular 
fiction is presented through the 
courtesy of Grosset & Dunlap. 
These racks are designed from 
the plans of an Indiana Ijook- 

seller named Munger, and so 
practical and effective was the 
idea he worked out that since be- 
ing placed on the market these 
racks have found their way iifto 
bookstores all over the United 
States and Canada. 

This particular display idea 
might well be applied to other 
classes of books. For instance, a 
much larger rack, or connected 
racks, might be devised that 
could become in eft'ect a veritable 
little bookstore, which, if used for 
juvenile books, picture books and 
toy books, would thus become a 
children's bookshop inside the 
bookshop proper. 

Any practical-minded bookseller 
or assistant could easily work out 
this idea, and it is worth while 

News of Travelling Men. 

Mr. T. Francis Brophy, son of 
Thomas Brophy, of the Cam- 
Iiridge Bookshop, Quebec, has 
been added to the travelling staff' 
of Hodder & Stoughton, Ltd.. and 
the Musson Book Co., and has 
left on his first trip covering the 
F.astern ground through to the 
Maritimes. Mr. Brophy gained 
valuable experience in the l)ook 
liusiness in his father's store, and 
his knowledge of the trade will be 
most valuable in his new work of 
representing the H. & S. line on 
the road. 

Back After Eight Years. 

.\fter an absence of about eight 
years from Canada Mr. F. H. 
Bailey, representing the Religious 
Tract Society of London, Eng- 
land, is again in this country on a 

March, 1922 



.journey which will take up four 

Mr. Bailey \\as a caller at the 
office of "Tlu' Canadian Book- 
man" and was nuuh interested in 
the idea of the new journal taking 
in "The Canadian Book Trade 
Journal" as a "trade section," 
speaking in terms of appreciation 
regarding the journal, its general 
niake-up and appearance. 

In addition to the R.T.S. line, 
Mr. Bailey is on this journey 
representing also Nisb'et & Co., 
Ltd., of 22 Berners St., London, 

The ten days spent in Toronto 
netted exceptionally good busi- 
ness, said l\[r. Railev. He found 
the booksellers keener than e\er 
for British publications. 

Mr. Bailey spent three years at 
the front in active service, and the 
fact that he got through without 
a scratch, together with the fine 
physical training, accounts for his 
looking "in the pink," a circum- 
stance that all his Canadian 
friends remarked upon directly 
they set eyes upon him. 

Mr. Bailey has a warm spot in 
his heart for Canada and was de- 
lighted to be over here again. 


March 25 to April 1— "Travel Week"-Sell 

Travel Books. 


—Make this a month of Back to 

Nature Books. 

April 2-8— Religious Book Week. 


16— Books as Easter Gifts— use Gift 

Bands on Books. 


-Books as Graduation Gifts and School 



14th— Mothers' Day— "Send a book to 



—Books as Wedding Gifts. 


-Books for Vacation Reading. 

You Too Can Cash In On This 
$13,000 Advertising Campaign 

There has been laid out, and has already begun, an advertising campaign for Jackson 
and Salisbury's "Outwitting Our Nerves," the most cheerful, the most readable, the 
most easily helpful, the most successful health book published in recent years. 

It is a book for everybody. It is one of those rare successes which people are glad to 
tell others about. And we are glad to sell it, as you no doubt are, for it is a good 
book. It is an authentic good deed to get "Outwitting Our Nerv^es" into the hands 
of a reader. 


26th Thousand^ Price $2.50 Net. 

You are going to purchase "Outwitting Our Nerves," 
and your life will be lengthened through its teachings 

At Your Bookseller 

Send for Descriptive Circular 

S. B. GUNDY, Publisher, 

25 Richmond Street West - - TORONTO 



March, 1922 


Life Teachers 

Reproduction of an attractive poster being 
featured for Religious Book Week. As a follow- 
up for this week, dealers should strongly urge 
Books as Easter Gifts. 

As Easter Gifts 


Here are a few slogans for use 
in Newspaper Advertising and 
Window Cards: 

Use Your Evenings. 

Find It In Books. 

Good Books Are Life 

Mr. Layman Do You 
Shun Religious Books? 

Missionary Biography 
For Young Hero- 

How To Interest Young 

People In Worth-while 


Supply Spiritual Needs 
Through Books. 

For Your Wanderlust 

Books Give You World- 
Wide Travel With Arm- 
chair Comfort. 

Back to Nature Books. 

Keflucea reproduction of "Back to Nature" 

Poster depicting a man and two boys on a 

hike, stopping to look up a new bird in a book 

they have carried. 

Outdoor Books 

I — Love — Y 


By Lloyd Roberts. 

When I was young, say half-past-three or four, 
My heart was true to one dear girl, no more. 
I loved her with that singleness of mind 
That poets praise but happ'ly seldom find. 
I bought a heart — a frilly thing, 'tis true — 
And on its back I wrote — -I — Love — Yon. 

When I was ten the good saint came again. 

And found me in the throes of passion's pain. 

My heart beat fierce for Prue, 

.\nd just as fierce for Sue — 

Ah, how I loved the two ! 

As lovers often do — 

I bought two hearts (to each I would be true) 

And on each heart I \\rote — I — Love — You ! 

But time went by, depositing discretion, 

Heightening taste and mellowing impression. 

Until, at twenty-two, 

I thought I'd send a valentine or two 

To just a few — 

To Marian, Maitd and Mary, Madge and Jess, 

To Alice, Kate and Ethel, Elsie, Bess, 

To Elmer, Gretchen, Eva, Grace and Tess. 

^ly heart with years had grown cosmopolitan, 
And without stint claimed passion true for all of 'em. 
1 bought a bunch of hearts — what could I do? 
.\nd on each heart I wrote, 1 — Love — You! 

To-day I'm older grown, and wiser too; 

My vision's broader with a bolder view ; 

I come to this red-letter day of saints — 

The day when all fond lovers air their plaints — 

And filled with fervor to declare by token 

The sweet emotion that can not be spoken, 

I carefully examine my heart region 

To find my sweethearts grown now to legion. 

Xo longer partial, ]5rejudiced or blind, 

I love the whole blessed world of womankind ; 

Blond and brunette, dusky, white and red, 

Widow and maid, the single and the wed, 

I love 'em all from A right through to Z. 

And so my heart, which is no longer mine, 
I give to you, a humble valentine. 
Upon whose back is written bold and true. 


Note — This poem, among others, was read at a happy gathering of 
the Ottawa Branch of tlte Canadian Authors Association on the night 
• if St. Valentine's Day, being awarded first prize. 

Manh. 1922 

CAS. 1 />/. I V noOKMAN 


"Woodbine Willie 

» » 

<<Q'l'ri)l)l'.lM- KENNEDY is. 

^^ l>^.'I■|lall^, tllC most ])()pU- 

lar iiiati in the Cluirch i)t 
I'jigland to-day," says the Metho- 
dist Recorder. Well, certainly he 
is the most unique, indeed one of 
the most slrikintj and virile, and 
[iroliahlx he is reachiiiij a larger 
majority of con\ortililc hearts 
than an_\- i it her preaclier of the 

In similar manner with I'airns- 
latlVer and Rupert Brooke. 
"Woodbine Willie" is one of the 
threat inspirational discoveries of 
the war. hut unlike most war dis- 
coveries, he has lasted. Unlike 
most ministers of the gospel, he 
is rampantl\" favoritized, and un- 
like traditional religious Ijooks. 
his astounding poems and argu- 
mentativ'e essays continue to com- 
jiete with popular fiction in jnililic 
demand. "\\'hat's God like. Padre, 
you ought to know? What's lie 
like?" asked the bewildered younj,^ 
soldier wdio was wounded. "Like 
your father, your mother, your 
sweetheart, your chum — like 
Christ." said "Woodbine Willie." 
and it goes so deep that it has 
brought an understanding of re- 
ligion to a legion of otherwise 
casual people. It also character- 
istically defines the style of this 
strident-worded man who com- 
plains that his work is made 
harder b}^ the everlasting neces- 
sity of having to explain the 
Prayer Books and pointing out 
what they don't mean. 

He talks as naturall}- about 
faith as he does about "facts." 
He is not so much a preacher on 
"common-sense Christianit}" as 
a man mIio is radiantly sure that 
Christianity is inspired common- 
sense. Not that common sense 
which is just a plodding cart- 
horse with no leap in it. He can 
plod with the best when it is 
needed, but he knows when a man 
has to leap if he is to save either 
his neck or his soul. As he says 
in his Peace Rhymes : 

How do I know that God is good? 

I don't. 
T gamble like a man. I bet my 

Upon one side in Life's great war. 

I must, 
I can't stand out. I must take 

sides. The man 

Who is neutral in this tight i.-- not 

.\ man, lie's bulk and bodv with- 
out breath. 

Cold leg of lamb, without mint 
sauce . . . 

f want to live, live out. not wob- 
ble through 

My life somehow, and then into 
the dark. 

1 must have ( iod. This life's too 
dull without. 

Ton (lull for ought but suicide, 

lie would sting us into \dting, 
with our lives as stake, for one 
side or the other, because a man 
is more than a breathing carcass, 
lie bids the man who is always 


Better known as '"Woodbitie Willie," tamous 

tor liis "Rougll Rhymes of a Padre" 

and other virile books. 

screaming for facts to have a look 
at the supreme fact of his- life — 
himself, and let his soul have a 
word. Some folks only weigh 
one set for "facts" — the Rev. G, 
A. Studdert Kennedy insists on 
tabling the whole series, both of 
life and death. "Food for the 
Fed-up" is his most coherent 
statement of his faith. He has no 

"The Dog Coilar." 

"Woodbine Willie" refers to 
his clerical neck-band as a "dog- 
collar," When challenged to take 
it of?, he replies: "T'll keen it on. 

th.iiik \ ( .11, It often hiirt> the back 
of my neck, but some j(jlly fine 
men have worn it, and J am not 
ashamed of it. It stands for, and 
in the main I believe it always has 
stood for, a white world." 

This is taken from "Democracy 
and the l)og-Collar," a discussion 
between organized labor and or- 
ganized religion, "I am not a 
member of the Labor Part}' imr 
do I propose to become one, but 
for that very reason I feel the 
less inclined to confuse the move- 
ment with the party. I am a 
memlier of the Christian Church, 
and believe that with all its 
faults and failings it is by far the 
greatest of all human movements 
in the history of the world, and I 
therefore feel that the world's 
salvation and the building of the 
City of God depends upon there 
being some understanding and co- 
operation between the Labor 
movement and the Church." 

Only once in the writings of 
"Woodbine Willie" is there a 
quotable passage on fear, and it 
strikes one as being a new sort of 
conception of Judgment. "I have 
my own vision of Judgment." he 
writes, "and it has its own fear; 
it is not the fear of a flaming 
Hell, it is the fear of the Eyes of 

Unfortunately not all of his 
work is ])rocurable in this coun- 
try. Three titles are available, 
however. "Food for the Fed-Up," 
"Democracy and the Dog-Collar" 
and "The Sorrows of God and 
Other Poems" ('comjilete poems). 

Author oi "Rangy Pete,'' 



March, 1922 

A. S. M. Hutchinson 

LONDON, February 21— What 
manner of man is this A. S. 
■^ M. Hutchinson who has so 
captivated the literary world of 
America and England withm the 
last six months with his pheno- 
menally selling novel. '"If Winter 
Comes"? I first met this modest, 
sensitive, youthful - appearing 
man, now 41, after his first novel, 
"Once Aboard the Lugger," was 
published in 1908. This delicious 
comedy (it was not a sea story as 
the title suggests) made a distinct 
impression on the critics but was 
not widely read. He was then 
writing "The Happy Warrior." I 
discovered him to be the Forbes 
Robertson type, lean and spiritual, 
with a strongly marked forehead 
and eyes that were at once obser- 
vant and sympathetic. His charm 
and modesty of manner invited 
confidence, and this faculty com- 
bined with a keen sense of humor 
and sympathetic observation of 
his fellow-creatures, made 'him 
singularly human. His army life 
and activity during the war, for 
he was a captain attached to the 
Headquarters Stafif of the Tenth 
Army Corps, has inevitably ma- 
tured him. Otherwise I found 
him scarcely changed when I 
visited him" to-day. Naturally 
quiet and self-contain'ed, soft 
spoken but companionable, his 
fine features lighten when you 
have won his confidence and have 
persuaded him to tell something 
of his methods of Avork. 

"I am appallingly conscientious," 
he told me, "and therefore a slow 
producer. No divine flames of 
inspiration make my pen fly over 
the paper. It is all a labor of love, 
but a very slow, careful labor 

Although a prodigious walker, 
the author of the best-selling new- 
novel throughout the English- 
speaking world cannot utilize 
those peregrinations after the 
manner of some novelists. "I can 
only think," he told me, "when I 
am actually sitting at my desk 
with pen in hand. I envy those 
authors who can go for long 
walks, construct a chapter while 
they stroll, and then come home 
and rush it down on paper. I 
alisolutely cannot. Indeed, unless 
I have a good nib and good paper 
and am writing neatly, I cannot 
get on at all." 


Seated in the den of his com- 
fortable London home, this 
bachelor, who seems to know so 
much about married life, talked 
briefly of his literary tastes. 
"Fielding is my favorite author," 
he said, as he fondly handled a 
copy of "Tom Jones." "Meredith 
is my second choice," and here^he 
open'ed some first editions. "Kip- 
ling, too, I read over and over 
again, and then I am also fond of 
the old English essayists. Of 
course, there are the poets, par- 
ticularly Browning, and I am one 
of those who tremendously ad- 
mire the poems John Masefield is 
now writing. 

"I can't say that I am fond of 
the theatre, for I have been bored 
so often, nor have I any ambition 
at present to write plays. I have 
ahvavs enjoyed out-of-door sports 
and I played football until my 
eyesight prevented. I like golf, 
too, but after all, my principal ex- 
ercise has been walking." 

Knowing that he left the edi- 
torship of the London Daily 
Graphic to enter the army, I ask- 
ed him how he had the courage 
to abandon journalism after de- 

"Even in France the characters 
of a new novel took shape," he 
replied, "but I needed a spark. 
That spark," he says, "flashed up- 
on me one day in the letter of a 
lady friend. She was in distress 
over the sad case of an unmar- 
ried mother. The girl was will- 
ing to work, but would not be 
parted from her baby. Did I 
know anyone w-ho would engage 
the mother as servant and receive 
the baby, too? 

"As i read these words, 'If 
Winter Comes" — my first novel 
in seven years — was born. The 
fusing touch had been imparted, 
and then the thing wrote itself. 
I had always been sceptical of 
these assertions by novelists as to 
stories 'writing themselves,' but 
I shall never doubt them any 
more. This story did so write it- 
self, as though I were merely the 
hand of some force outside my- 
self. No, I had not fram'ed the 
plot or drawn up any scheme of 
that kind. I cannot construct 
plots ; my interest is always in 

"But the great theme of the 

you selected as your title that 
line from Shelley's ode, 'O Wind, 
if Winter comes, can Spring be 
far behind?" were you not think- 
ing of applying the moral of the 
war in a large sense?" 

"Yes," replied, half-hesitating- 
ly, this World War veteran. "I 
do not see how it is possible 
for any modern novelist, whose 
period is laid after 1914, avoiding 
the war. It is too much the big- 
gest thing in human history to 
be ignored. But I would apply 
its moral in a broader sense. 

"What is the key to your prin- 
cipal character, Mark Sabre?" he 
was asked. 

"Merely this, that a man who 
can see both sides of any ques- 
tion is in a tragic position com- 
pared with the man who can only 
see one. I was out of my ele- 
ment as the editor of a daily 
newspaper. I realized that I 
could never be a great 'editor just 
because I could see both sides of 
any- question. You can see the 
result of being able to see only 
one side in the case of Sabre's 
wife, Mabel. 

"But what I should like all my 
friends in America to know is 
that I feel now that all my prev- 
ious books, 'Once Aboard the 
Lugger—,' 'The Happy Warrior,' 
and 'The Clean Heart,' are but so 
many 'prentice efforts. The new- 
story upon which I am now en- 
gaged is developing in a manner 
which I cannot understand and 
which frankly surprises me. It, 
too, is writing itself in the most 
amazing manner." 

The title of his fifth novel, he 
said, had already been chosen : 
"This Freedom," taken from a 
Biblical quotation in the Book of 
Acts,— "With a great sum ob- 
tained I this freedom." It is a 
story of a wife who wanted eco- 
nomic freedom from her husband. 
May its sale exceed the 300,000 
mark that "If Winter Comes" has 
already said to have reached! 

"Chatterbox," The Page Co., Boston. 
Delayed in the Custom House, a late 
arrival, is this annual holiday juvenile 
volume, which is deservedly popular 
and has been appearing since 1878. 
The well-edited annual continues to 
make new friends among the children, 
aided and abetted by grandfathers and 
grandmothers who look back over the 
years to the time when they as children 

pored over the early issues of "Chat- 
storv?" he was asked. "When terbox." 

March, 1922 



Not Merely the Livest but the Best 
Book List in Canada 

New Copyright Fiction 

From $1.35 to $2.50 


The Veneerings $2.50 


The Wanderer J2.50 


Cytherea $2.50 


Children of the Market Place $2.00 


The Children of Men $2.00 


One $1.75 


The Rayner-SIade Amalgamation $2.00 


The Fair Reward $2.50 


The Case and the Girl $2.00 


Van Zanten's Happy Days $2.00 


Elinor Colhouse $1.50 


Peter Whiffle $2.50 


Margey Wins the Game $1.50 


I Walked in Arden $2.50 


Conn of the Coral Seas $1.75 


The Secret Places of the Heart $2.00 


The Life and Death of Harriet Frean....$1.35 


The House of Rimmon $2.00 


The Scarlet Tanager $1.75 


Pan and the Twins $2.00 


Guest, The One Eyed $2.50 


The Lady of North Star $2.00 


Salt Lake $2.00 


The Longest Journey $2.50 


The White Kami $2.50 


Men of Affairs $2,00 


The House of Souls $2.50 


Two Dead Men $1.75 


The Macniillans have a reputation for publishing books on Agriculture of importance and usefulness, such as the 
famous Rural Science series edited by L. H. Bailey, Rural Organization b\' Walter Burr, Efficient Marketing in 
Agriculture by Theodore Macklin, Ph.D., and many, many others. 

Booksellers in rural communities will find Agricultural books a very profitable line to push. Ask us about our 
con^lete list. 

The MacmiUan Company of Canada, Limited 





March, 1922 


Size S" X 9!/'. 
11 titles. 64 pp. Numerous colored and black- 
and-white illustrations and plenty of reading 




"At the Zoo." Size »" x U". Each con- 

12 colored plates and numerous black-and- Also "The Betty Book." Size 9" x llj^". 

illustrations. 152 pages of reading mat- Illustrated in color and black-and-white by 
ter. Large type. Anne Anderson. 


Size 7H" X 10',;". 
Eight titles. Each contains four colored plates 
and numerous text illustrations. .Large type. 







^^^*4 ' 

■^z, -■---' 

£?.; "^ j 


Size S" X 10!4". 
1,5 titles. E;icli book has aljoiit 30 pages oi 
liright reading matter, two full-page colorc.l 
plates, as well as Wack-and-wliite illustrations. 


7 titles. Each 
book contains 
about 62 pages. 
Four colored 
plates and 
black - and - 
white illustra- 


Picture Books 

Bring Brisk Business 
all the year round 

Prices range from 15c. to $3 

Write for Complete Illustrated List and 
Terms. On these books you can make a 
handsome profit. 

Our representatives are now on 
their way. 

As well as these books they will 
show you specimens in : 









and — 


If we have not already called, and 
you wish us to do so, please send 
us a wire at our expense. 

Thomas Nelson & Sons, Ltd. 

77 Wellington St. West 



Also the "Briar Rose Book of Old. Old Fairy 
Tales." Size 9" x W/z". Numerous illustra- 
tions in color and black-and-white. 


Size 7^^" X 10". 
Four titles. \'ery simple reading matter in 
large type. Colored and black-and-white illus- 
trations on every page. 


Size 7}i" X 9^4". 

Six titles. 12 pages, 

all color. No finer 


M.-ircli, I'L'J 


The Bride Dreams 



LOVE, is it dawn tliat creeps in so gray, 
Like the timid gliost, 
■^All shrinkinjj and pale, of the sweet, dead night 
Lived and enjoyed to the uttermost 
Of its swift delight? 
Love, hold me ck)se, for I am a-cold 
With the grave's own chill. 
And my cheek must }et liave the smear of the 

mould — 
I have dreamed a dream as here I lay 
Next to your heart — in my dream I died 
And was buried deep, deep in the yard beside 
The old church on the hill. 
(Oh, the dream was bitter!) 

By my gravestone a rcjse was blowing red, 
Red as love. 

The world was full of the laughter of spring — 
I heard it down there in my clammy bed — 
The little birds sang in the trees above. 
The wind was glad with the clouds that fled 
All white and pearly across the sky. 
And the pretty shadows went winking by 
Like tricks}-, madcap thoughts a-wing. 

You had buried me in my wedding gown 

Of silk and lace — 

My hair curled blackly, my neck adown. 

But my lips, I knew', were white in my face. 

And the flower I held in my stifT hand yet 

Was slimy and wet. 

(Keep me from death, oh, my lover!) 


Still, though the clay was heaped over me, 

I could see — I could see 

The folk going bj" to the old church door; 

Wives and mothers and maids went liy 

All fine and silken, rosy and sweet; 

Some came with a tear their graves to greet. 

But to mine only old mad Margaret came. 

And she laughed to herself as she read my name 

With an eerie laughter, evil and sly. 

That pierced like a dart to my cold heart's core. 

] saw the old maid go bitterly in 

\\ ho had known no love — • 

Two brothers who hated each other well — 

.Miser Jock with his yellow skin — 

.\. girl with the innocent eyes of a dove — 

.V young wMfe with a lionny child — 

.\nd Lawrence, the man who never smiled 

With his lips, but always mocked w'ith his eyes — 

() love, the grave makes far too wise, 

(I knew why he mocked!) 

Tlien I felt a thrill the dank earth through 
-Vnd I knew — Oh, I knew 
That it came from your step on our path from the 

Almost my heart began to beat! 
And you passed by with another bride, 
Proud of her golden ring, at your side — 
That slim, white girl who*lives at the mill, 
Wlio has loved you always and loves you still, 
With her hair the color of harvest wdieat 
And her lips as red as mine were pale. 

How I hated her, so tall and fair 

And shining of hair — 

Love, I am so little and dark ! 

My heart, that had once soared up like a lark 

At Aour glance, was as a stone in my breast ; 

Xever once did you look my way, 

Only at her you looked, and kissed 

With your eyes her eyes of amethyst — 

My eyes were sunk in cruel decay 

And the worms crawled in the silk of mv vest — 

(Keep me from death, O, mj- lover !) 

Love, hold me close for I am a-cold ! 
It was only a dream — as a dream it has fled. 
Kiss me warm from its lingering chill. 
Burn from my face the taint of the dead, 
Kiss my hair that is black not gold — 
Am I not sweet as the girl at the mill ? 
(Oh, the dream was bitter!) 

A Uniform Edition of Buchan 

WHEN an author's works 
are put into a uniform 
edition it is conclusive 
evidence that he has "arrived." 
This status of uniformity has just 
been achieved by Mr. John 
Buchan. Of course, as an his- 
torian Mr. Buchan "arrived'' 
early in the war ; Init his star as 
a novelist only rose above the 
Canadian horizon about the year 
1917. Since then he has scored 
many successes, which, as some- 
times happens, have had the effect 
of making the more discriminat- 
ing readers take up his earlier and 
less know^n books. Many of 

these were rather inaccessible to 
Canadian bookbu\ers — a disad- 
vantage which will be shortly re- 
moved. Messrs. Nelson (of which 
firm Mr. Buchan is a director) an- 
nounce a uniform edition of the 
novels to be completed this year. 
Beginning with "Greenmantle" 
in May next, the following will 
appear at monthly intervals : 
"Prester John," "John Burnet of 
Barns." "The Watcher by the 
Threshold," "A Lost Lady of Old 
Years," "The Thirty-nine Steps," 
and "The Power House," (in one 
volume) "Salute to Adventurers," 
"A Lodge in the Wilderness" and 
"The Half-Hearted." 

It will surprise man}- of his ad- 
mirers that Mr. Buchan has such 
a long list of novels to his credit. 
When one considers also his 
poems, essays, and his monu- 
mental "History of the War," one 
is equally astonished at his indus- 
try and his versatility. 

The uniform edition of his 
novels is issued in delightful 
books of handy size ; they may be 
had either in red cloth or a full 
dark green limp leather binding. 
The prices are $1.25 and $1.75 re- 
spectively — which is a welcome 
sign of returning sanity in the 
fiction market. 



March, 1922 

Success in One's Own Game 

WHEN Lord Beaverbrook, 
in his volume, "Success" 
(McClelland, Toronto), a 
reprint of a series of articles in 
his own newspaper in London, 
tells us that success is "some kind 
of temple which satisfies the mmd 
of the ordinary practical man," 
we are compelled to conclude that 
the titled author has not duly 
considered the meaning of the 
word "temple." In a later sen- 
tence he speaks of the young 
clerk as having "the key of suc- 
cess in his pocket, if he has the 
courage and the ability to turn 
the lock which leads to the 
Temple of Success." Our own 
idea of a temple is a place into 
which any man with a worshipful 
disposition can enter to perform 
his worship. Lord Beaverbrook's 
is that of a rather exclusive club, 
or perhaps even the money vault 
of a very large bank. This idea 
may be perfectly proper for a 
conception of success — which, 
after all, is for each man to a 
large extent what he has decided 
to consider it— but the word 
"temple" is inappropriate and 
misleading. Lord Beaverbrook 
undoubtedly has a perfectly clear 
idea of what, to him, constitutes 
success, and he leaves so little 
doubt about it in his description 
of the way to attain it that we 
cannot greatly complain if he has 
failed to give us a good definition 
or working description of it. 

Be it noted that success is 
something which can be more 
easily attained to-day than in 
former days, because the death 
duties are wiping out hereditary 
wealth and with it hereditary 
command in finance and industry. 
That observation alone gives us a 
pretty good idea of the kind of 
success about which Lord Beaver- 
brook is writing. It would not be 
fair to say that it concerns money 
alone, for Lord Beaverbrook has 
no interest in that kind of wealth 
Avhich merely produces an income. 
What really fascinates him, we 
are quite sure, is the power which 
comes with the active and adven- 
turous use of wealth. Like most 
varieties of power, this is a power 
which is to be used in conflict 
with other possessors of power, 
and the joy of conflict is the real 
source of satisfaction. Through- 

out the book there emerges con- 
tinually the concept of busmess 
as a game, in which" one engages 
precisely as the true player (not 
the professional gambler) en- 
gages in any other game, viz., for 
the sake of the testing of one's 
own skill against somebody else s. 
Lord Beaverbrook, like all other 
players, is convinced that his own 
game is a befter one than any of 
its rivals. He devotes a page to 
proving that it is a better game, 
and requires better qualities than 
politics. We need not quarrel 
with him for this, any more than 
we quarrel with a chess-player 
for maintaining that chess is a 
better game than dominoes or 
bridge whist or golf or polo. We 
merely smile and admit his 
contention regarding everybody 
else's game except the one game 
which we ourselves play. 

For Lord Beaverbrook's kind 
of success, which means success 
in Lord Beaverbrook's kind of 
crame, "the real education is the 
market-place of the street," and 
the chief qualification is "an un- 
holy proficiency in estimating the 
value of the currency of the 

As we read the volume, a 
pleasant thought occurs to us. It 
is that by the elimination of a few 
specific references to the money- 
market, and the substitution of 
technical terms relating to one of 
the popular pastimes of the ag'e, 
we could take this book and con- 
vert it into a treatise on how to 
play golf or bridge or poker or 
cricket or politics or war. Its 
recommendations and its warn- 
ings are equally sound for all of 
these pursuits. Not a single 
chapter-heading need be changed 
■except that of "Money." The con- 
siderations on "Luck," "Modera- 
tion," "Arrogance," "Courage, 
"Panic," "Consistency," "Pre- 
judice" and "Calm" are the kind 
of thing that every golf-player 
ought to read before each im- 
portant match. We do not know 
that we can say anything more 
far-reaching in commendation of 
this volume by an eminent Cana- 
dian Lord Beaverbrook seems 
to have written better than he 

All the same, except for finan- 
ciers, finance is not the only 


Note —The Orient is famed for its 
gigantic bells. One of the m°'-^ "°t|- 
torthy is the great bell oi PtUng^ 
Every hour this bell is struck by a 
large wooden beam which moves like 
a great battering ram o mediaeval 
davs. So huge is this bell that when 
it 'is struck the neighboring bmldings 
with their myriads of little ornamental 
figures tremble and the air is fil ed 
w^ith soft reverberations for miles 
around. "Ko-Ngai" is the phrase 
which has been used by the Orientals 
for hundreds of years to describe the 
call of this great bell, and it is for that 
reason chosen as the title for the fol- 
lowing poem. 

HARK' Now's struck the hour. 
Hark! From out the tower 
Now peals the bell, with power. 

Smote are the metal lips. 
Smote are the monster's hips, 
The massive mallet backward slips. 

Hear, the bells call nigh, 
Hear, its voice's cry. 
The tongueless mouth's reply,— . 


Little dragons shiver, 
Nodding to the river. 
On neighboring roofs they quiver. 

On the tilted eaves 
Trembling like the leaves 
Of Autumn or the harvest sheaves, 

Shivering 'neath the sound 

Gargoyles crave the ground 

From their perches all around. 

Gold-fish strung on high 
Vibrate 'gainst the sky ^ 
Responsive to the monster s cry,— . 


Little silver bells 
Tremble and each tells 
A mute desire to speak. Now swells 

Each of the green and gold 
Colored tiles that hold 
The inmates of the temple old. 

Raised finger of Fo 
Trembles o'er the low 
Bowed heads of worshippers below. 

Goblins show desire 
Wriggling tongues of fire 
To bellow forth their ancient ire. 

After the mallet's knock. 
After each huge shock, 
A myriad playful echoes flock 

Round: hear now their sigh, 
Sibilant sobbing cry, 
A lovely lady whispering "Hiai." 

First a loud clang bold, 
Then deep moan of gold. 
And silver murmur half untold. 


Mardi. 1922 



Note the Authors' Names 

In the selection from our strong spring list below, and recall 

what enjoyment you have gotten from other books 

by the same writers. 




Here is a new Canadian stor>' set in the wilds of British 
C olumbia. It is based on a novel theme and a good 
SJ/ccessor of the same Author's "Poor Man's Rock," a 
novel which sold so well a year and a half ago. S2.00. 


A burglar, a secret and a regular McCutcheonesque 

denouement. Sl.OO. 



Different from Marshall's usual stories in that it is a 
bit melodramatic with the usual delightful charm and 
atmosphere. S2.00. 



A thrilling romance of the Canadian North-west. $2.00. 



Set like Miss Johnston's best in the olden time, this 
story of the 16th century is bound to be popular. S2.00. 



Another of these strong out-of-doors stories with a 
sweet love-stor>'. S1.75. 



Here is a mystery story crammed full of action and 
adventure with a strong love interest to boot. $2.00. 



This ran in the Saturday Evening Post and created 
unusual interest. S2.00. 



The ever-appealing theme of the village girl in the city 
who makes good with lots of fun and hard work in her 

new life. $1.75. 



Here is another Graustark sort of story with a scene 
laid in Trinacria, a mythical Mediterranean land. $1.75. 

Strong Selections in General Literature 



The author has been through the capitals of Europe 
during 1921 and from shrewd observance makes up a 
wonderfully interesting prophecy. S2.00. 



A human, yet scientifically accurate outline of human 
progress from original man to the present. It is illus- 
trated with colored pages, animated maps and line 
engravings. So. 00. 



What Wells' Outline is to histor>' this is to science 
Four volumes with forty colored plates and 800 illustra- 
tions. $15.00 per set. 



One of those splendid inspirational books which are 
certain to attract a large class of your men customers. 
Cloth, §1.75; leather, $3.00. 






March, 1922 

Letters to the Editor 

Different To? 

Sir-— Mr Ncvill Lvtton's vivacious 
book,' "The Press and the General 
Staff," contains compliments not a few 
to the Canadian Corps. Indeed the 
author goes out of his way to express 
his admiration for its prowess He 
also admires General Curne and his 
famous special order of March 27, 
1918 Included in the book is the 
French translation, which Mr. Lytton 
considers "one of the rare instances of 
a piece of prose conceived in English 
being better when realized m French. 
He adds, "I had tea with General Cur- 
rie about this time and he said with the 
most perfect Canadian accent, 'I can t 
see that this kind of Boche is different 
to any other kind of Boche; he's just 
as easy to kill.'" Personally, I__ am 
readv to admit the accent, but not "dif- 
ferent to." The two things do not go 
together. No Canadian, drunk or 
sober, savs "different to." When the 
phrase was pointed out to Thackeray 
in "Esmond" he promptly erased it, as 
an impossibility. Yours, etc., A. M. M 

(Editorial Note :— We have no doubt 
that A. M. M. is right concerning Gen- 
eral Currie, and we hope that he is 
right concerning Canadians generally. 
But Mencken, in his "American 
I anguage," maintains that m colloquial 
utterance Englishmen habitually say 
"different to" where Americans say 
"different from" or "different than. 
We do not support Mr. Mencken, but 
we should like to get evidence on the 
rights of the matter. 

Articles on Bibliography. 

Sir —Mr. Hathaway's notes on 
bibliographies of authors are very in- 
teresting, as all his notes are, coming 
from such an enthusiastic bookman. 

With reference to the Maseheld 
items, "The Locker Chest and the 
Sweeps of Ninety-eight was first pub- 
lished in England in 1916 at Letch- 
worth bv the Garden City Press 1 he 
Everlasting Mercy" and "The Widow 
in the Bye Street," published in New- 
York in one volume in 1912, is a re- 
print of the English separate editions 

published in 1911 and 1912 respective! v 
both voluines being issued prior to the 
Xew York one. 

Regarding George Moore's "Pagan 
Poems." 1878.— the few copies that got 
into circulation amongst Dr Moore s 
friends-the author was '■'«"'y /"P""' 
sible for tearing out the ti le Pa?e an 
act which he committed when visitmg 
his friends, when he knew they pos- 
sessed a copy. A copy of the book, 
which belonged to the late John Payne 
and which contained an extra sheet 
with an inscription by the =i"thor, was 
listed two weeks ago by a__ New \ ork 
hrm of booksellers for $12o. 

Might I suggest that your contribu- 
tor R H. Hathaway, give in your 
pages the benefit of his store of knowl- 
edge, in a bibliography of the writings 
of Bliss Carman His collection of Car- 
man's writings is unrivalled, I Presume 
either in Canada or m the Lnited 
States. Yours, etc., 

26 Lonsdale Road, Toronto. 

Amons Authors and Bookmen 

•^ . . , , •,..;....;„„ ;o 1Q16 Tn 19 

"Lovers of England" is the title of 
a book of poems by Geoffrey F. Monck- 
ton. It consists chiefly of a nuiiijjer of 
patriotic songs woven together by a 
narrative description of the glory of 
England. The songs may be judged by 
some of their titles: "Ashamed of 
England," "England's Graves," "An 
Enghshwoman" and "The British Flag. 
It has been favorably reviewed by 
English papers. 

A branch of the Canadiaji Authors 
Association has been formed in Re- 
gina under the guidance of Dr. W. T. 
Mlison, National Vice-President for 
Manitoba and Saskatchewan This is 
the first branch to be formed in Sas- 
katchewan. The President is Austin 
Bothwell, whose reviews are familiar 
to readers of the Canadian Bookman. 
The Vice-President is Dr W. W- 
Andrews; the Secretary, Miss C. t. 
Sheldon-WiUiams ; the Treasurer Miss 
Pithie- the Archivist. J. R. C. Honey- 
man, and the Executive Committee in- 
cludes also Mrs. Murdoch MacKinnon 
(author of "Miriam of Queen's ), Mrs. 
Salverson, and Dr. J. S. Huff. 

Macmillan's announce for early pub- 
lication "Moonlight and Common Day. 
by Louise Morey Bowman. This is a 
collection of verse, by one of the most 
accomplished of our Canadian writers, 
much of whose work has appeared in 
the advanced literary periodicals of the 
United States. The title poem of the 
book appeared originally in the Cana- 
dian Bookman of January, 1920. Mrs. 
Bowman is a free verse writer with a 
very definite understanding of the 
rules and limitations of that species of 

The Rev. E. J. Devine, S.J., has pub- 
lished through the Messenger Press. 
Montreal, a 400-page volume entitled 
"Historic Caughnawaga," which gives 
an extremely picturesque account of 
what is perhaps the most famous In- 

dian village in America. An extended 
review will appear shortly. 

Mr Frank Feigh, of Montreal, has 
left for the quietude of Three R've", 
Que., to complete a novel upon which 
he has been working for a year, i ne 
projected title is "Was Veneer Justi- 
fied?" , , ,,,. 

Mr Jules Tremblav, of the Ottawa 
Executive of the C.A.A., has produced 
a charming little collection of tales of 
French-Canadian life and psychology 
under the title of "Trouees dans les 

Mr Antonin Proulx, of the Carnegie 
Library, Ottawa, is publishing a 
comedy in book form. 

Macmillan's announce for spring 
publication, "A Century of Canadian 
Prose and Verse," by Prof. E. K. and 
Mrs. E. M. Broadus. which will be a 
survev of Canadian literary work from 
its beginnings, with many examples 
both in prose and poetry. The price 
will probably be $2.50. Prof. Broadus 
is an English publicist who has spent 
many years on this side of the Atlantic 
and at present occupies a chair in the 
University of Alberta. His remarkable 
volume on the history of the poet 
laureateship in England has recently 
appeared and will shortly be reviewed 
in these columns. 

One of the competitors in the Laura 
Blackburn lyric competition by the 
Order of Bookfellows. Chicago, was 
Mr. Philip Gray, of Montreal, whose 
poem received honorable mention. One 
hundred and seventy-one entries were 
received. The prize and honorable- 
mention poems will shortly be pub- 
lished in brochure. 

Prof. E. K. Broadus. of the Uni- 
versity of Alberta, has been invited by 
the University of California to deliver 
two series of lectures in the summer 
school at Los Angeles this year. He 
will lecture on Shakespeare and on the 
English Novel. This is a return visit, 
as Prof. Broadus lectured at the same 

nistitution in 1916. In 1919, on the in- 
vitation of Sir Walter Raleigh, he gave 
a series of lectures at Oxford under 
the auspices of the Honors School of 

There seems to be a movement in 
Philadelphia for the artistic improve- 
ment of the film business, backed by a 
number of wealthy and cultured Phila- 
delphians, and it is interestmg to note 
that one of the first authors to whom 
they have applied is Robert Norwood, 
the Canadian poet, who is now nunis- 
ter of St. Pauls Memorial Church, 
Overbrook, Philadelphia. Mr. Nor- 
wood has done a scenario of the stor.v 
of a modern Job, who is naturally a 
captain of industry instead ot an owner 
of flocks and herds. It is to be hoped 
that Canadians will have lull oppor- 
tunity of seeing what ought, from the 
personality of the author and the amis 
of the producers, to be a very im- 
portant film. 

Mr C C. Pemberton, Victoria, B.C.. 
who until recently was Secretary of 
the Victoria branch of the C.A.A., has 
an article in a recent issue of the 
Canadian Field Naturalist on the mys- 
terious retention of vitality by the 
stumps of some coniferous trees. Mr. 
Pemberton has for long made a study 
of the growth-forms of Pacific Coast 
trees, and is preparing for publication 
a monograph of his field observations 
with many photographs. 

That extremely useful book by M. O. 
Hanmiond, "Confederation and Its 
Leaders," has been put on the Hst for 
supplementary reading in the schools 
of both Manitoba and Alberta. 

Roland Goodchild, of Vancouver, 
whose book, "Thistledown," published 
in London, is going into another edi- 
tion, intends to publish in the spring a 
metrical version of the History of 
Herodotus, upon which he has been 
working for the last three years. Mr. 
Goodchild has another volume of 

March. 1922 




J IMO^^n c_ 


3 for $1.00 

^ w\ 

Lf V UI^O 


Notice these authors and 

titles full-lenjj;!!!, modern, copyright novels worth a place in any 

liiirary. Books you want to 

read and re-read They make most 

acceptable gifts. 

Balfour, A. 

Cross, B. M. 


The Golden Kingdom 

.■\ Question of Means 

A Hero of Nowadays 

Bell, J. J. 

De Morgan, Wm. 

Macnaughton, S. 

Wee Maegregor 

.\lice for Short 

Till' Three Miss Graemes 

Bennett, A. 

It Never Can lla|i|ien 


Marshall, Archibald 

Old Wives' Tale 

Douglas, G. 

The I'.Mi^t Son 

Loot of Cities 

House With the Green 


Marlet, L. 

Tales of the Five Towns 

Doyle, A. Conan 

The Wages of Sin 

Benson, E. F. 

-Vdventurcs of tierrard 

Merriman, H. S. 

Thorley Weir 

Micah Clarke 

The Sowers 

The Oakleyites 

Findlayter, M. and J. 

Norris, Frank 

Birmingham, G. A. 


The Pit 

Sinipkins' Plot 

Gibbon, P. 

The ( )ctopus 

Braddon, M. E. 

V'rouw Grobelaar 

Ollivant, A. 

Lady Audley's Secret 

Gissing, G. 

The (ii^ntleman 

The Town Traveller 

Bramah, E. 

Secret of the League 

Tile Westcotes 
Roberts, M. 

_ , _ 

Buchan, John 

Salt of the Sea 

Salute to Adventurers 


Somerville and Ross 

Prester John 


Some Irish Yesterdays 



Further Experiences of an Irish 

Burnett, Mrs. Hodgson 


The Real Charlotte 

Making of a Marchioness 


The Silver Box 

Capes, Bernard 


Steele, F. A. 

Lake of Wine 


The Potter's Thumb 

Childers, E. 

Riddle of the Sands 

p^^' JL*. '''^-;^aK^^nm 


Theuriel, A. 

The Canoness • 

5^ ^ 


Cholmondeley, M. 

^^Si^~-r^ "" 

Thorndyke, R. 

Red Pottage 

Dr. Syn 

Compton, H. 

l\l NOVfLS 

Turley, Charles 

The Inimitable Mrs. Massinghan 
Crawford, F. Marion 

.\ Band of Brothers 

Harraden, Beatrice 

Vachell, H. A. 

Paul Patoft 


John Wrney 

Witch of Prague 

Blinds Down 


Hewlett, Maurice 

John Charity 


Forest Lovers 

Vernede, R. E. 

Three Fates 

Richard Yea and Nay 

Meriel of the Moors 

Children of the King 

Stooping Lady 

Ward Mrs H 


Rest Harrow 

T T C*a ^My A¥AA0a A&« 

Pietro Ghisleri 

Half Way House 

Helbeck of Bannisdale 

Cigarette Maker's Romance 

Open Country 


Mr. Isaacs 

Queen's Quair 

Sir George Tressady 

Sant Ilario 

Little Novels of Italy 

Wells, H. G. 

Dr. Claudius 

Ibanez, V. B. 



A Roman Singer 

The Matador 

The War in the Air 
Weyman, S. 

Crockett, S. R. 

Jacobs, W. W. 

Wild Geese 

Cleg Kelly 

Ships' Company 


Croker, B. M. 

Lady of the Barge 

Williamson, C. N. and A. M. 

Married or Single 

James, Henry 

Lightning Conductor 

Beyond the Pale 

Roderick Hudson 

Princess Passes 

3 for $1.00 

From any bookseller or direct from the publishers. 

1 iici£iicji5 iidson ijL 

77 Wellington Street West 





March, 1922 

poems, mostly lyrics of the West, al- 
most ready for publication. 

The Secretary-Treasurership of the 
Calgary Branch of the Canadian Au- 
thors' Association has been accepted 
by John William Hugill, K.C., D.C.L., 
LL.D., one of the most accomplished 
literary men of Western Canada, and 
better known to readers as John 
Harker. Mr. Hugill is the author of a 
riunfljer of short stories, critical 
articles, and pieces of occasional verse. 
His address is 220 Seventh Avenue 
West, Calgary. The Calgary Branch 
is growing rapidly, under the energetic 
presidency of the Rev. G. W. Kerby, 

Prof. Archibald MacMechan's latest 
"Nova Scotia Chap-Book" (It is titled 
No. 2 but the numberings evidently 
have nothing to do with the order of 
publication, as four others have already 
preceded it) is in many ways the most 
charming and characteristic of all the 
series to date. It is entitled "The 
Nova Scotia-ness of Nova Scotia," and 
there is hardly anything about Nova 
Scotia from coal seams to colum- 
bines, and from the Gaelic Sacrament 
to the "Green Market," which is not 
touched upon in the essayist's most 
delicate style. The cover bears a beau- 
tiful line drawing of the portico of the 
Province House, Halifax, by Gyrth 
Russell, whom n^ost Canadians prob- 
ably know better as an eminent artist 
of Devonshire, England, than as a son 
of Judge Russell, of Nova Scotia. 

The Sewanee Review, which is one 
of the leading literary quarterlies of 
the United States, is under the editor- 
ship of a Canadian and a member of 
the Canadian Authors Association, 
George Herbert Clarke, Professor of 
English in the University of the South, 
Sewanee, Tenn. Prof. Clarke is well 
known in the United States as a 
lecturer on cultural subjects. He is a 
specialist on Sidney Lanier and on 
modern English poets. 

The Authors' Club of New York, as 
a token of its fraternal appreciation of 
the new Canadian Authors Association 
has sent through one of its Cana-' 
dian members, Mr. George lies, a copy 
of the famous "Liber Scriptorum," con- 
sisting of 125 autographed contribu- 
tions by prominent American authors. 
Through the courtesy of Dr. G. R. 
Lonler. Librarian of McGill University, 
this will be on view at the McGill Uni- 
versity Library for three months, after 
which it will be passed on to other 
libraries located in the cities in which 
the Canadian Authors Association has 

St. John, N.B., has organized a 
branch of the Canadian Authors As- 
sociation under the presidency of the 
National Vice-President for New 
Brunswick, the Rev. H. A. Cody. The 
other officers of the local organization 
are : Vice-President, Mrs. E. Atherton 
Smith; Treasurer, Miss Alward; Secre- 
tary, Miss Katharine Moore Bell, 197 
Germain Street; Executive, A. M. Beld- 

ing, Rev. Father Daley, Miss Mary 
Flett, Mrs. Heber Vroom, and W. F. 
Hatheway. Members are already com- 
ing in from various parts of the pro- 
vince, and Mr. Cody is addressing the 
Canadian Club of Moncton and the 
Daughters of the Empire at Frederic- 
ton with a view to arousing an interest 
in the work of the Association. 

The St. Jean Baptiste Society in- 
forms us that no first prize has been 
awarded in its competition for the best 
French-Canadian novel: that the second 
prize has been awarded to Mile. Cecile 
Beauregard (Andree Jarret) Laprairie, 
Que., author of "Roman d'Helene," and 
that the third prize has been awarded 
to Mr. J. E. Lariviere, N.P., 921 Ca- 
dieux St., Montreal, author of "I'lris 
Bleue." The jury was composed of 
Abbe E. J. Auclair, Mile. Marie-Claire 
Daveluy, and Messrs. Germain Beau- 
lieu, Gustave Comte and Ubald Paquin. 

We have received the following from 
an Ottawa correspondent : The dis- 
covery in France, bj' Captain C. E. 
Lart, of papers dealing with the 
Acadians of Nova Scotia, announced 
in the Canadian Bookman of January 
last, is but a re-discovery. These 
documents were first discovered, some 
thirty-five years ago, by M. Edme 
Rameau de Saint-Pere, the French his- 
torian, author of "Une Colonic feodale 
en Amerique," and other valuable 
works. They were copied for Abbe 
Casgrain who published them, in 1889 
and 1890, in "Le Canada Francais." 

Books Received 


Burnett, Frances Hodgson, "The 
Head of the House of Coombe." Mc- 
Clelland, Toronto. An excellent melo- 
drama, written in the manner of the 
late Victorian period, for which there 
is, we fancy, still a very large demand. 
Mrs. Burnett's well-known ability to 
depict sentimentally interesting chil- 
dren is employed to good purpose. 

Burroughs, Edgar Rice, "The 
Mucker." McClelland, Toronto. Mr. 
Burroughs shows that he does not need 
to resort to semi-human animals in the 
jungle for his excitements. This time 
he uses, among other things, a tribe of 
Japanese warriors in an isolated island 
who have remained in the state of 
civilization of a thousand years ago. 
As always in American adventure fic- 
tion of this era, the chief male figure 
is a perfectly innocent murderer. 

Dane, Clemence, "Will Shakespeare." 
Macmillan, Toronto, $2. This "four- 
act drama in blank verse" is a great 
surprise, not because of its dramatic 
strength, for that was to be expected 
from the author of "A Bill of Divorce- 
ment," but for its poetic quality of 
language and its exuberance of imagi- 
nation. Its object is to exhibit the 
spirit of Shakespeare in the making, 
and the contributions made to it by 
the devotion of his neglected wife, Ann 
Hathaway, and the infidelity of his 
"dark lady," Mary Fitton, of Elizabeth's 
court. Miss Dane is extraordinarily 
successful in attaining the Elizabethan 
rhetorical vigor of utterance, and also 
in creating intense and powerful 
figures to stride her stage. It is diffi- 
cult to predict a limit to the attain- 

ments of a writer who but a j'ear or 
two ago was known only for a clever 
novel or two of life in almost wholly 
feminine circles. 

Evarts, Hal. G., "The Settling of the 
Sage." McClelland, Toronto. A tale 
of a feud between ranchers and squat- 
ters in the Western States; and there 
is sufficient cattle-rustling and horse- 
breaking and round-ups and sage- 
brush, and gun-play, with a real he- 
man and a girl-rancher to add to the 
excitement, to please the most jaded 
reader of cowboy fiction. 

Grey, Zane, "To the Last Man." 
Hoddcr & Stoughton, Toronto, $2.00. 
The picture on the slip-cover, that of 
a cattle rustler, his cheek bleeding 
from numerous wounds, seated on a 
black charger whose hooves actually 
spurn the ground, with a girl appar- 
ently holding on to the saddle with dif- 
ficulty and one hand, gives one an ex- 
cellent idea of this very "bluggy" book, 
in which all the males proceed to ex- 
terminate each other, like the Kilkenny 
cats, and only the hero is left to marry 
the girl. 

Grimshaw, Beatrice, "Conn of the 
Coral Seas." Macmillan, Toronto, 
$1.75. All tropical adventure romances 
are much alike, but they differ in de- 
gree of excitement, and this is probably 
the most exciting of the season. When 
a young woman, married in name alone, 
is landed by mistake on the wrong one 
of a group of Pacific islands, and finds 
herself in the house of a bachelor 
planter in the middle of the biggest 
"souse-party" of the year, when she 
thought she was heading for the mis- 
sionary station— well, you see the possi- 
bilities, don't you? So does Miss 
Grimshaw, to the fullest extent. 

Hergesheimer, Joseph, "Cytherea." 

Macmillan, Toronto, $2.50. Henry 
James, writing on the subject matter 
usually employed by d'Annunzio. This 
work, by the one recent American 
novelist whom the best English critics 
are accepting without qualification, is 
hard to judge off-hand, but impresses 
us as an extremely serious and im- 
portant work. It tells of the collapse 
of the "safe" and by the neighbors con- 
sidered happy married life of a well-to- 
do American of forty-five, whose wife 
has ministered perfectly to his comfort 
and not at all to his imagination. It is 
uncompromising in its sincerity and in 
parts almost too horrible for pleasur- 
able reading, and we do not in the least 
recommend it to those who read for 
anodyne purposes. But the serious 
reader can hardly afford to miss it, and 
it is far more important than "Linda 

Holding, Elisabeth Sanxay, "Angelica." 
Doran, New York, $1.90. The daughter 
of the janitress of a poor apartment- 
house, she was so brainy that she 
worked herself into the family of a 
wealthy New Yorker fwe judge from 
recent fiction that that sort of thing 
happens every day in New York). She 
could have married the W.N.'V'., but 
unfortunately she yielded without mar- 
riage to the hypnotic spell of his 
poetic-religious brother, and she was 
so truthful (it was her one virtue) that 
she had to tell the W.N.Y. about it. 
An entertaining, if improbable, yarn. 

MacGrath, Harold, "The Ragged 
Edge." Gundy, Toronto, $1.90. A duly 
exciting MacGrath yarn, pitched this 
time mainly in Canton, with an inno- 
cent criminal, a Chinese guide edu- 
cated at Yale, and a white girl from 
a Pacific island, who "knows nothing 
of the world." What more can the 
wildest movie fan want? 

Maivh, I'L'J 









Then there is "The Fire Bird," a narrative poem by Gene Stratton Porter; "Poems 
and Portraits," by Don Marquis; "The Annals of a Working Life," by Henry Ford; 
"Watched by Wild Animals," by Enos A. Mills; "My Boyhood," an autobiography, 
by John Burroughs, and other notable works of non-fiction. 

By Kathleen Norris $1.90 

A strong story ot lo\e and sacrifice with 
a dramatic culmination of forces, both tmman 
and those of furious nature artarae. leading 
to the sort of tense cHmax that is character- 
istic of Kathleen Norns'r exciting novels. 

O. Henry Memorial Award Prize 
Stories of 1921 — with introduction 
by Blanche Colton Williams $2.00 

The most authorative and best selling 
collection of short stones in America. The 
best of these stones won a pnze of $500 and 
the second best $250. 

"A SURVEY"— Fifty-one cartoons - 
By Max Beerbohm $4.50 

Cancaturing famous literary people and 
political celebnties. 

By Booth Tarkington $1.90 

This novel might be considered the third of 
the trilog>' in the lives of young people in a 
middle western town, ' 'Penrod"^twelve: 
"Seventeen," and "Gentle Julia" — twenty-two 
In each there are the inimitable Jane, so in 
this book, there is the abiquitous Florence. 
This novel might be characterized as a tale 
of exuberant and irrepressable youth. 

By Herbert Tremaine $1.90 

A novel of a family of the business class 
that clearly and dramatically shows the power 
that governs them — family coherance based on 
the love of money. 

By Harold MacGrath $1.90 

This is the best book that M.icGralh ha* 
ever done, which is saying a lot. It has the 
thrill, action and fire of the MacGrath mystery 
story and has, moreover, a fineness of charac- 
ter and a high tension in the romance which 
shows that even a practised hand makes 

By M. Morgan Gibbon 


Doubleday, Page & Co. 

Country Life Press 
Garden City, New York 



A book that deals largely the giadual 
descent nto incompetence and deceit of David 
Harrington, sentimental, imaginative young 
man. Paralleling his descent is the rise of 
Adam Evans whose character and tempera- 
ment IS the antithesis of Hetheiington, 

25 Richmond 

Street West 



you want a good book 
— one in which there is 
real interest, we would 
suggest a Bank Book. 
There is no better 
investment. . 

The Royal Bank 
of Canada 


Martin, George Madden, "March On.' 
Appleton, New York. The author is 
the lady who invented Emmy Lou The 
new book will be popular with Emmy 
Lou lovers. But we respectfully de- 
cline to believe that any stately 
Southern dame of eighty-eight ever 
said to a young man apropos of his 
grandfather's fervor, " The soul in this 
Sid body still can grow faint, and this 
old frame trembles yet, at recall of 
that love-making." 

McKenna, Stephen, "The Secret Vic- 
tory " McClelland, Toronto. There is 
much to be said for the practice of 
carrying on the same character from 
one novel to another, but it iW be 
done to excess. Readers of the 
Secret Victory" who have not read the 
preceding volumes of the trilogy will 
feel that thev are in the rather discon- 
certing position of being present at a 
"small-town party" where the person 
under discussion is somebody whom 
they do not happen to know. itie 
book is clever, and, like its predeces- 
sors, appeals to the readers snobbish 
instincts by always depicting the 
"smart set." But it is not a pretty 
story, and if it depicts modern English 
society, it is not a pretty society. 

Morton, Guy, "Rangy Pete." McClel- 
land, Toronto. "We have read quite a 
lot of this volume, and we think the 
publisher's "blurb" is justified "A two- 
gun man who shoots from the hip, as 
daring a bucko as ever tamed a bronc 
a tender, chivalrous lover, but withal 
a quaint humorist and a philosopher 
who charms." And what more does 
any reader of cowboy novels want? 

Norris, Charles G., "Brass: A Novel 
of Marriage." McClelland, Toronto. This 
appears to be a very carefully observed 
narrative, the product of a very omni- 
vorous student of the externals of he. 
It left us, however, extremely cold. 
There is not a single human being m 
it with the capacity for arousing our 
interest or our sympathy. We do not 
say that there were not such people 
in California in 1900. We merely feel 
that they should have been allowed to 
stay in that place and date, and not 
taken all over America in 1921-22 in a 
book. And Mr. Brass has no right to 
tell us that the tragedies that happen 
to them are the fault of marriage; 
they are caused by their own pitiful 
incompetence in face of life. 

Sinclair, May, "Life and Death of 
Harriet Frean." Macmillan, Toronto, 
$1.35. Short but astoundingly complete, 
and the outstanding clever book of the 
present quarter, as "Mr. Waddington 
of Wyck" was also a few months ago. 
It is the tale of the epoch-making 
events in the life of a woman doomed 
to ruin her own life and the lives of 
several others by her determination to 
"do the unselfish thing." A sentimental 
correctitude leads her to refuse to 
marry the man she loves, because, be- 
fore falling in love with her he had 
become engaged to her friend. Harriet 
has not the power of telling when 
those moments occur in which one 
must mould life to one's needs without 
regard to conventions. The world is 
full of people of her type, and they 
cause far more suffering than those 
who move to their appointed ends 
across every forbidding convention, 


when their instinct bids them do so. A 
book of notable wisdom. 

Wetherald, Ethelwyn, "Tree - Top 
Morning." Cornhill, Boston, ?1.30. 
This is one of the most charming col- 
lections of little poems for little chil- 
dren that we have seen in a very long 
time. The author, who has made some 
notable contributions to the more 
grown-up portion of Canadian poetry, 
is exceptionally successful in adopting 
the playful-motherly attitude towards 
her readers, and wc cannot imagine 
any small child who will not be fasci- 
nated by these verses about the 
familiar things of Canadian childhood 
— cats and dogs, frogs, birthdays, but- 
terscotch, tafiy-pulls, Thanksgiving, 
valentines, etc. And every tale has its 
little comment of wisdom, not too irri- 
tatingly moral and not too obvious, but 
just the kind of comment to appeal to 
the juvenile mind. 


Archibald, Rosamond M., "The Kings 
English Drill." McClelland, Toronto. 
Miss Archibald maintains that the way 
to teach correct English is to familiar- 
ize the child mind with the correct 
forms of expression, by constant repe- 
tition, rather than to teach the rules 
which make them correct. It is doubt- 
less true that correct talking is largely 
a matter of habit, but we incline to 
think that the habit is more readily 
acquired if accompanied by reasons. 
This book contains a large collection 
of sentences such as are commonly 
perverted by the uneducated (and also 
by the educated occasionally), and we 
trust that the continued repetition of 
them will enable students to use the 
correct form not only in these cases 
but also in all similar ones. 

Borden, Sir Robert, "Canadian Con- 
stitutional Studies." University of To- 
ronto Press, $1 postpaid. Three Mar- 
fleet lectures, on a subject of which the 
ex-Premier is an acknowledged master. 
They conclude with some very interest- 
ing remarks on recent developing in 
the workings of democracy, including a 
warning that if there exists, in the 
labor and agrarian and other organiza- 
tions which now send many members 
to Parliament, "a power which may 
eventually direct and control the vote 
of the majority in Parliament, a situa- 
tion may arise in which not the Gov- 
ernment of the day, but an inde- 
pendent, unofficial body will exercise 
final judgment in public affairs." This, 
the author thinks, would make parlia- 
mentary government of the present 
kind an impossibility. 

Bullard, Arthur, "The A.B.C.'s of 
Disarmament and the Pacific Prob- 
lems." Macmillan, Toronto, $1.40. A 
distinguished foreign correspondent and 
novelist (author of "Comrade Yetta") 
states pretty impartially what are the 
vital interests of the three great powers 
in the Pacific, and outlines three 
"zones of conflict." 

Canby, Henry Seidel, and others, 
"Saturday Papers." Macmillan, To- 
ronto, $1.10. Those who have enjoyed 
the Literary Review of the New York 
Evening Post will be glad of this col- 
lection of twenty-one of the less ephe- 
meral essays contributed to that 
periodical by Mr. Canby, William Rose 
Benet and Amy Loveman. 

March, 1922 

Hopkins, J. Castell, "The Canadian 
Annual Review, 1920." Canadian Re- 
view Co., Ltd., Toronto. Although con- 
taining almost exactly the same num- 
ber of pages as the 1919 volume, this 
book is slightly thinner and much more 
comfortable to handle, owing to a 
change in the paper employed. We 
need not repeat here what we have 
often said as to the amazing complete- 
ness of this annual digest of the Cana- 
dian news. The index continues to im- 
prove in adequacy, and is, of course, 
the chief test of the efficiency of the 
whole work. We venture to suggest 
that Mr. Hopkins add the year to the 
title of the book as printed at the top 
of every left-hand page ; in using back 
volumes one does not always remember 
what year one has in hand, and it is- 
a nuisance to have to look at the title- 
page or the back of the volume. 

Irwin, WiU, "The Next War." McClel- 
land, Toronto. Nineteenth printing. 
There has probably been no more effec- 
tive appeal against militarism and ex- 
cessive national ambition in our day 
than this little volume. 

Jackson (Josephine A.) & Salis- 
bury (Helen M.), "Outwitting Our 
Nerves." Gundy, Toronto, $2.50. This 
is really a treatise on psycho-therapy, 
written in popular style. It will be of no 
use for the cure of a broken leg or the 
smallpox, but in that very long list of 
diseases which are produced by or en- 
hanced by an improper mental state it 
.should indicate a way of help to any- 
body except those who are too far gone 
to be able to correct their own neu- 
roses. While mainly addressed to 
women (who, perhaps, are more ad- 
dicted to neuroses than men), the book 
has plenty to aid and inform the male 

Kawakami, K. K., "The Real Japanese 
Question." Macmillan, Toronto, $2.25> 
An investigation of the anti-Japanese 
propaganda in American literature and 
politics. The author shows that the 
interests behind this propaganda are 
closely allied to those which make their 
chief bid for popularity and influence 
by "twisting the Lion's tail." 

Tyau, Dr. M. T. Z^ "China Awaken- 
ed." Macmillan, Toronto, $5.50. A 
study of the last quarter-century in 
China. The author maintains that 
Japan has financed both sides in the 
recent civil wars in China, in the 
Machiavellian hope that their conflicts 
will render the country helpless against 
Japanese penetration. Dr. Tyau seeki 
to prove that in spite of such under- 
mining operations by foreigners, China 
is developing a sense of nationhood, 
and a capacity for stable government. 
His strictures on the Chinese militarist 
party suggest either that he is a. 
pacifist or that he thinks most of his 
American readers will be. 

Talley, Thomas W., "Negro Folk 
Rhymes." Macmillan, Toronto, $2.50. 
A most interesting collection of several 
hundred traditional negro verses and 
short ballads, gathered by a professor 
in Fisk University, the chief colored in- 
stitution of learning in America. They 
are nearly all new to the printed form, 
and while they shed little light on 
negro versification they are full of in- 
formation as to the ideas and condi- 
tions (some of them reaching back 
into tribal days in Africa) which pro- 
duced them. 


Mainli, I'L'J 

6M.V.I/'/.l.\ liOOKMAX 


Canadian Books in the Schools 

"Prcfcrciici' is always jjiveii to 
books written and published I)y 
Canadians." This statement was 
made by Hon. R. H. Grant, On- 
tario Minister of Education, in 
a letter to the Toronto Hoard of 
Education, as a reply to criticisms 
made by that body to the effect 
that an undue proportion of the 
school text books used in the 
Public schools of Ontario were 

"An examination of the lists of 
text books authorized." wrote the 
Minister, "will show that this 
policy has, on the whole, been 
very closely and consistently fol- 
lowed. A very large proportion 
of the books on these lists has 
been prepared by Canadian 
authors and published by firms 
in our own Province." 

Wherever a change is found 
desirable, points out the Minister, 
an effort is always made to intro- 
duce books prepared by Cana- 
dians. The new Canadian geo- 
graphy he instances as an illus- 
tration of the carrying out of this 

"While it is desirable that the 
books selected should Ije written 
by Canadian authors, it is import- 
ant also that teachers and pupils 
be supplied with the best avail- 
able books in the different depart- 
ments of studv. and it has not al- 

ways been found possible to 
secure Canadian books that would 
meet fully the needs of the 
schools. These reasons deter- 
mined the selection of the books 
now in use prepared by American 

"With respect to the Greek and 
Spanish books, it would appear 
that it will be a long time before 
books w-rittcn and published by- 
Canadians can displace the pre- 
sent text books. As only a few 
hundred copies of each book are 
sold each year, no Canadian 
author or publisher could be 
found who would accept the 
financial loss which publication in 
Canada would entail. As it is, 
the American publishers have ex- 
keen disappointment at the small 
sale of these books in Ontario. 

"The High School Ancient His- 
tory was written by the late Pro- 
fessor Botsford. From all such 
histories in existence, both British 
and American, it was selected by 
a number of representative On- 
tario teachers as altogether the 
best book of the kind available. 
It was carefully edited by a Cana- 

"Before publication in Toronto. 
many changes were made by the 
Canadian editor with a view to 
making the book entirelv suitable 

for our ( )ntario schools. When 
the present contract expires, if 
there is a Canadian book in sight 
possessing merits equal to those 
of the present excellent book, it 
will certainly receive sympathetic 

"As to the newly-authorized 
books in elementary science — 
"Bailey's Beginners' Botany" and 
"Coleman's Beginners' Zoology" 
— a large committee of experi- 
enced teachers of science, after 
an extended search and a thorough 
examination of all such books 
available, unanimously recom- 
mended the adoption and authori- 
zation of these books. 

"There were no Canadian books 
covering the field of work recom- 
mended by the Committee on 
High School Education, and, as 
the fauna and flora of Ontario are 
those of the North American con- 
tinent, it was clearly impossible 
to find British books which would 
meet our requirements. As soon 
as elementary science books of 
satisfactory merit, Written by 
Canadians, are available, the 
Minister will gladly consider the 
question of authorizing them. 

"Canadian authors who are 
competent and who have the 
necessary skill in writing, will 
never have reason to complain 
that they have been neglected by 
the Department and competence 
will lie welcome and favorably re- 
"arded bv the ^linister." 

Edison Marshall, Author of 
"Shepherds of the Wild" 

Bertrand W. Sinclair, Author of 
"The Rider of Golden Bar" 

William Patterson White, Author of 
"The Hidden Places" 



March, 1922 

Canadian Authors Association 


(Applications may be forwarded to the officers of any branch of the Association, or to B. K. Sandwell, 
Hon. Secretary, Canadian Authors Association, 703 Drummond Bldg., Montreal. Cheques should be made 
payable to Canadian Authors Association, and may be drawn on any Canadian branch of a chartered bank). 

I herchy make application for election as 


Associate Memher of the Canadian Authors Association, and in the event of such election I agree 


to conform to the Constitution and By-laws of the Association, 

My qualifications are : 

(Give name of publication or publications in 

book or magazine form, with date ; or play or 
scenario or other qualifying work). 

Name in full {Mr., Mrs. or Miss) 


Bate Signed 




Section 1. — The membership shall comprise three classes, viz.: — 
1. — Regular Members. 
2. — Associate Members. 
3. — Life Members. 

Any writer, dramatist or scenario writer, or other creator of 

copyrightable literary material of recognized position in his or 

her profession as author may be admitted at the discretion of 
the Executive Committee as a regular member. 

Other writers, publishers, booksellers, etc., who may have 
sympathy with the objects of the Association, but who are not 
considered by the Executive Committee as qualified for full 
membership, may be admitted, at the discretion of the Executive 
Committee, as Associate Members, who shall receive the pub- 
lished report of the Association and have the privilege of attend- 
ing its General Meetings, but shall not have a vote. 



Section L — All members shall sign the Constitution and 
By-laws of the Association either in person or by agent, proxy 
or attorney as the Council may by resolution provide. 

Section 4. — The annual dues of the Association shall be $5.00, 
and shall be paid on the first day of April of each year. Mem- 
bers who shall fail to make payment within thirty (30) days 
thereafter shall cease to be in good standing, and furthermore, 
shall be notified of such failure by the Secretary. If within 
fifteen (15) days after said notice is mailed said dues shall re- 
main unpaid, the Council shall have power to take such action 
as it may deem proper, and until such action is taken all rights 
of the member are suspended. 

Section 5. — The dues of persons elected to Associate Member- 
ship shall be $3.00 per fiscal year. Associate Members shall have 
)io vole in the affairs of the Association. 

Section 6. — Any person elected to membership in the Associa- 
tion shall pay his dues within thirty (30) days thereafter, other- 
wise his election shall be void. 

Section 7. — A regular member may become a life member 
upon the payment of ($100.00) one hundred dollars. Such pay- 
ment shall exempt the life member from any further dues and 


T desire to receive one copy of the official organ of the Canadian Authors Association, as often as it may be published during 
my membership. I therefore authorize the Treasurer of the Association to pay to the publishers of the Canadian Bookman, so long 
as it continues to act as the organ of the Association, the sum of one dollar per annum out of my fee paid to the Association, as my 
subscription for the year covered by such fee, and to order the said Canadian Bookman sent to my address as shown on the records 
of the Association. j 



(NOTE — This form must be signed in order to comply with the Po-^t Office regulations concerning magazine postage). 


March, 1922 



They Say 

That there is a new reading public every seven 

years a new generation that has grown to 

reading age. 

Statistics show that today there are FIVE readers 
to every ONE reader seven years ago. 

This is surely a worth-while growth. 


Does an Analysis of Your Records 
Show a Corresponding Expansion ? 

Reading is greatly on the increase every^where. 
People who used to read occasionally are now 
becoming habitual readers; more people each year 
are finding in books the adventure, the romance, 
the fascination of travelling in far-off lands, which 
they have alw^ays craved. 

Somebody is getting this increased business, of 
which Popular Copyrights form such a large 
proportion. Are you getting your full share ? 

How about window displays ? The old saying 
that customers enter your store through the window 
is as true today as it ever was. Our display 
material is designed specially to help you ; sell 
books, and we feel that if you are not using it 
to the best advantage you are missing a real 
opportunity of pushing your sales to the high mark 
they should reach. 

Analyze ! - Display ! -- Advertise ! 


GEORGE J. McLEOD, LTD, Selling Agents, Canada 
GROSSET & DUNLAP, Publishers, 1140 Broadway, N.Y. 



Books of Taste 



The Friendly Arctic ♦e-5» 



Explorers of the Dawn 


Moonlight and Common Day Probably ?1.50 

W. H. BLAKE (translator) 

Maria Chapdelaine— In cloth $1.50, leather de 
luxe $3.00 


Old Quebec $5.00 

E. K. & E. M. BROADUS 

A Book of Canadian Prose and Verse $2.50 


Canada at the Crossroads $2.00 


Masques of Ottawa (New Edition) $2.00 



Washington and the Riddle of Peace $2.00 


Portraits of the '90's $4-50 


In Days to Come .T. $5.00 


International Relations of the Old World 
School $2.75 


Study of American History $1.50 

M. T. S. TYAU 

China Awakened $5.50 



Indispensable Information for Infants $1.00 


Selected Poems $2.25 


A Gate of Cedar $1-40 


Helen of Troy $1.75 


Cautionary Tales for Bad Children $1.50 


Songs from the Glens of Antrim and More Songs 
from the Glens of Antrim Probably $2.25 


The Veil $1.75 



Esther and Berenice $2.00 


The Dingbat of Arcady $1.75 


Novissima Virba (Last Words) $3.25 


In Defense of Women (New Edition) $2.00 


Will Shakespeare $2.00 


Friday Nights $2.50 


Memories of a Midget $3.00 



The Veneerings $2.50 


Cytherea $2.50 


Children of the Market Place $2.00 


The Scarlet Tanager $1.75 



The Wednesday Wife 


Life and Death of Harriet Frean $1.35 


One $1.75 


The Secret Places of the Heart $2.00 

The Macmillan Company of Canada, Limited 




Vol IV. New Series 


No. 5 


THAT famous department in the British 
Wcclly. headed "The Correspondence 
of Claudius Clear." and well-known to 
be the work of Sir "W. Robertson Xicoll, 
contained recently a long and very friendly 
article iipon the Canadian Boohman, largely 
devoted to the admirable dissertation by 
Frederick Niven on"My Invisible Library." 
Speaking of this magazine as a whole. 
Claudius Clear says : "I look with paternal 
complacency upon all Bookvians. There 
is great hope in the fact that we are now to 
have a paper whose aim will be. first, to deal 
with all subjects of current literature in 
the Canadian literary sphere, and. second, 
when dealing with other subjects, to soimd 
concerning them a characteristically Can- 
adian voice. There is such a present in 
Canada, and such a future reserved for 
Canada, that there must be national literary 
ideals and tendencies. We would not say 
that if any light is to be shed it must be 
shed in Canada, but the shedding of that 
light on subjects specifically Canadian or 
susceptible to a specifically Canadian point 
of view becomes a necessity. The number 
of the Canadian Bool-man in my hands is 
excellent, and it is wise to remember that 
there are literary subjects on which nothing 
specifically Canadian needs to be said." 

A?R «f^ !.9V7 

Pubhshed monthly bv ;==::^= 


263 Adelaide St. West. Toronto, Canada 



April, 1922 


Telling How to Operate a Radio Set— How to 

Build a Set— Principles of Vacuum Tubes 

and Other Radio Problems 

RADIO HOOK-UPS - . - - 90c 

By M. B. Sleeper 

A book that gives you not only clear diagrams for all 
kinds of telephone and telegraph receiving and trans- 
mitting sets, but simple descriptions of each circuit 
shown and spaces for notes of results obtained. 


By P. E. Edelman 

Tells how to make apparatus to not only hear all 
telephoned and telegraphed radio messages, but also 
how to make simple equipment that works for trans- 
mission over reasonable long distances. Then there 
is a host of new information included. The first and 
only book to give you all the recent important radio 
improvements, some of which have never before been 
published. 392 pages, 167 illustrations. 


RECEPTION . - - - $1.10 

By E. H. Lewis, Assoc. I. R. E. and Radio Instructor 

Written particularly for the person who "knows 
nothing about radio" but who would like to gain an 
understanding of the elementary principles of opera- 
tion of vacuum tubes and various circuits in which 
they are used for the reception of radio-telegraph 
signals and radio-telephone music and speech. 

By M. B. Sleeper 

There is a peculiar fascination about receiving radio 
messages from the high-power stations of England, 
France, Germany, Russia and Italy, as well as those 
located in the Pacific Ocean and the Oriental coun- 
tries. Several types of simple receiving sets for this 
purpose are described, with detectors and amplifiers 
to accompany them. Suggestions are also given for 
operating relays and reproducing the signals on a 
phonograph. Schedules of operating time for high- 
powered stations are given. In addition, there is some 
valuable data on home-made wavemeters for testing 
and experimenting. 


By M. B. Sleeper 

The only book that gives tables and data for design- 
ing, receiving and transmitting apparatus so that you 
need no knowledge of mathematics. It's the first 
book a beginner buys after he has learned the use of 
his phone receiver. 


By Alfred P. Morgan 

One of the most complete and comprehensive treatises 
on the subject ever published. A study of its pages 
will enable one to master all the details of the wire- 
less transmission of messages. The author explains in 
simple language the theory and practice of wireless 
telegraphy and telephony. 154 pages, 156 engravings. 



By M. B. Sleeper 

This book describes in detail many commercial types 
of spark and vacuum tube telephone transmittingand 
telegraph and phone receiving equipment of all kinds. 
The experimenter will be able to get a world of ideas 
for the design and construction of his next piece of 
radio equipment from the very clear descriptions and 
the 98 clearly illustrated figures. 

By M. B. Sleeper 

The man who wants to feel the real thrill to accom- 
plishment, and who is not satisfied in the merely 
making use of what others have done for him, builds 
his own radio apparatus. Radio men can follow the 
data in "Radio Phone and Telegraph Receivers" with 
full confidence because each piece of apparatus de- 
scribed was first made, tested, and found efficient 
before the final design was accepted. Special re- 
ceivers, both crystal and audion, are shown in detail. 
Regenerative circuits as well as audio and radio fre- 
quency amplifiers are described with clear photos, 
diagrams, and working drawings prepared especially 
for the novice and the man who wants to receive the 
radio telephone broadcast. A special feature is the 
phonoghaph type radio set and the loud speaker. 
Fully illustrated. 

Popular Books— All Good Sellers 

The Norman W. Henley Publishing Company 

2 West 45th Street, New York 

Canadian Representatives: McClelland & Stewart, Ltd., Toronto. 

April, 1922 

r.l.V.l/)/.! A lUiOKMAS 


Most Complete 
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Expert, funiierly with the \Vestingh(juse 
Electric and Mfg. Co. and the U.S. Navy. 

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Author of The Prairie Mother. 

A woman juggling blindly \\'\i\\ two loves — love 
of husl^and and love of child! How will thi> 
heart-searching drama be solved? One of the 
big novels of the year. $2.00 


Ernest Raymond 

^Ir. Raymond's remarkable novel is perhaps 
the most penetrating story of youth and the 
most intimate and sympathetic description of 
school life since Hughes wrote of Rugb\'. The 
scenes range from England to Gallipoli. $L75 

Mr. Prohack 

By Arnold Bennett 

This is Bennett's very clev- 
erest vein. Amusing, yet 
profound with the truth of 
life. ]\Ir. Prohack's escape 
from poverty plunges him 
into a succession of adven- 


The Settling of 
the Sage 

By Hal G. Evarts 

.A. colorful story of a virile 
young rancher's fight for 
the rights of the honest 
stock raisers and the inter- 
ests of the girl he loved. 


The Great 
Prince Shan 

By E. P. Oppenheim 

A most fascinating story of 
international intrigue. A 
worthy successor to " The 
Great Impersonation." An 
absorbing story that will 
rank with O p p e n h e i m's 
finest work. 


McClelland and Stewart, Limited 

Publishers - Toronto 






April, 1922 

The Tide of Intense Popular Interest is Sweeping 
Away Thousands of These Books 


Here is that book they've been clamoring for — and at 
the popular price. It is complete in every detail and 
available to all. 

How to Make and Use It 


The Present Edition is Limited 


This little book tells how to 


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It is exactly what every- 


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and plainly, and illus- 


with easy diagrams. 



Take advantage of the wide-spread pub- 
licity now being given this new book by the 
well known Canadian Theologian. 



Discussing Life after Death and the Church's Attitude 
Toward Spiritism. 

Just Published and the most timely book 
for sale in connection with Conan Doyle's 
tour and revival of discussion. 

Dr. Paterson-Smythe has a tremendous following in this 
country. His discussion of the relation of the Church 
to spiritualism and his own inspiring view of life beyond 
the grave will place his book at the head of your best- 
sellers these coming months. 

Wide comment on the views of the book is being made 
in the big papers, also treating of this very comparison, 
Religion vs. Spiritualism, at the present time. Watch 
for special articles in your local papers of importance. 

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Wanderings of a 


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263 Adelaide Street West 

The Canadian Bookman 

A Monthly devoted to Literature, the Library and the Printed Book. 

B. K. Sandwell, Editor. 

Editorial Office: 703 Drummond Bldg., 






F. I. Weaver, Managing Director. 

Publication OfSce: 263 Adelaide Street W., 


Vol. IV.— No. 5 


$2.00 a year 
2Sc a copy 

The Ottawa Meeting 

THE first annual meeting of the Canadian 
Authors Association will take place at Ottawa 
in the Victoria Museum on Friday and Satur- 
day. April 28 and 29. Business sessions will be held 
on the morning and afternoon of Friday (com- 
mencing at 10 o'clock) and on the morning of 
Saturday, and, in case of urgent necessity, will be 
extended into Saturday afternoon. Friday evening 
will be devoted to a social gathering of a kind which 
will permit the members to make one another's 
acquaintance as widely as possible. Saturday even- 
ing will be the occasion of the Association's annual 
dinner, which will be held at the Chateau Laurier, 
and at which a numlier of persons distinguished in 
all walks of Canadian life have promised to attend. 

Tt is of the highest importance that this gathering 
of Canadian authors should be as representative as 
possible, not only for the sake of the internal busi- 
ness of the Association, but because of the need for a 
demonstration at Ottawa of the strength, unity, in- 
fluence and representative character of the writing 
fraternity of the Dominion. There has been too 
much tendency in the past on the part of statesmen, 
and also of the general public, to regard Canadian 
authors as a class of persons, perhaps not without 
merit as individuals. Init having no particular weight 
as a body . 

Authors as a body have never had so much at 
stake as they have to-day in the legislative pro- 
gramme v.hich is liefore the new Parliament. The 
copyright question, far from being finally settled "at 
the last session, has been left in a condition in whicli 
all the main issues which were threshed out last year 
must again come up for consideration. The authors 
of Canada stand for a complete adhesion by this 
Dominion to the latest form of the International 
Copyright Union, and are unanimously opposed to 
any alteration of the existing Copyright Law which 
falls short of securing that adhesion. They are 
therefore opposed to the promulgation of the Act of 
1921 in its unamended shape, on the ground that 
that Act, while declaring Canada's desire to become 
a party to the Revised Berne Convention of 1908, 
contains clauses which are in flat contravention of 

that convention. Those clauses were inserted at the 
instance of a class of individuals who have no in- 
terest in Canada's adhesion to the Convention, or in 
the security of the rights of her authors in any other 
countrj- ; who are indeed interested in one thing 
only, viz., the securing of a little additional business 
for their printing plants. 

Other matters of importance which will come up 
for consideration are the enlargement of the basis of 
membership so as to include certain other producers 
of copj'rightable material, particularly the composers 
of musical works and the designers of illustrations ; 
the nature and methods of the propaganda to be 
employed by the Association for the advancement 
of the interests of literature ; ways and means for 
more effective communication of ideas and more 
effective co-operation in business matters between 
Canadian authors; the advisabihty of the Associa- 
tion's taking steps, alone or in concert with other 
associations, looking to the adoption of a uniform 
version of a Canadian National hymn ; and various 
other matters. Ample opportunity will be given 
for the discussion, in a committee on resolutions and 
("subject to the decision of this committee) in the 
.\ssociation as a whole, of any suggestions or pro- 
posals that may be made by branches or by indi- 
vidual members. 

The report of the activities which the Association 
has carried on during the year will probably come 
as a surprise to many members. It is in the nature 
of things that the work of such a body as this must 
be carried on very largely, between annual meetings, 
bv the Council to which the members have entrusted 
its afifairs, and by the Executive Committee to which 
that Council, itself too widely scattered for eflfective 
constant action, commits much of its own responsi- 
bility. But it is vitally necessary that these officers, 
if they are to continue their work, should receive 
from vear to year a full assurance of the approval 
of the members of the Association and an intimation 
of anv changes of policy which they may desire. 
Those who cannot attend in person are therefore 
urgentlv requested to confer their proxnes upon 
those who will attend. 



April, 1922 

A Page of Canadian Verse 


A ROBIN called. 
The mountain roads were clear. 
The ice-freed river shone in vivid hue 
Through lacy trees. 

So near and startling that the city seemed 
Apart, unreal, untrue, 
A jumbled mass of red and grey 
Between the branches and the river's sapphire way, 
Beyond were mountains blue ; 
The robins called and called, 
And in a quiet spot 
Where last year's leaves lay dead. 
The blood-roots, thick in that dark bed. 
White, gleaming, grew. 




THE day is dying on the lake; 
In the far west the sun leans, panting, 
With flaring streamers of glorious hues — a mortality 

— ^strieken Chief. 
Flaunting, defiant, his war-paint and feathers, on his 

last trail 
To the Happy Hunting Grounds .... 

Lo ! yon phantom-army marching across Heaven . . . 
Silhouettes of Braves craw'ling stealthily towards 

their foe — 
Now retreating — flitting like shadows, 
Now advancing through woods of subdued moonlight, 
And with a bound torches are flung . . . Stockades 

afire . . . guns blazing . . . 
Panorama of ghostly Indian battles 
R-e-fought in Canadian skies . . . 

Calm o'er the derelict lake and encircling gloom of 

Moves the memorial moon, 
Ghastly head of a Paleface scalped — hanging trophy 

of the wild, 
Swinging through the branches of the trees, 
Ashen, a haunting relic : — ^then a shining Angel vnth 

wings of light 
Spreading long trails of Peace 
Athwart Heaven, the lake and the land . . . 



I SAID "Beloved, when we bid goodnight 
And standing there before the open door, 
I watch your form pa-ss onward out of sight, 
The while I count what hours mu-sit pass brfoN 
I hear your voice again — can you. Dear, tell 

The pang that fills my heart as close I draw 
The bolts and bars upon you, Whom so well 

I love?" You ansvwred' — "Dearest, there's no law, 
No bolts, no bars, can part j'our soul from mine; 

I take your spirit with me, mine I leave, 
Thtis each in other finds a holy .shrine." 

So when for touch of lips and hands I grieve 
Yonv golden words come stealing o'er my mind 
And in their message deepest peace I find. 



HERE in the quiet talk of tender leaves 
Loctists are heard and a lark's clear singing; 
The sun- warmed wind clings all day round the 
And when the twilight brings the moth-moon winging, 
The tall elms drip with stars and insect bells are 

Here there is rest beside the waters still. 
That only minnows fleck wdth frantic leaping; 
Where flowers foam and cloud — .sails luff and fill, 
And pleading .snipe incessant wiatch are keeping 
Among the gray-green sleeping. 

Here where the swallows dip in the snin's red setting: 

WTiere lillies flame and bluebells burst their border; 

Where past's forgotten and the future seems forgett- 

Error and ardor and the world's stern order — 

Out from this place of peace goes up the prayer 

Like noiseless thunder. 

That stills the roaring mobs of furious men, 

Bursts hell asunder, 

And heals the draining wounds and bids war cease. 

Here where life lies .sleeping and Truth's awaking; 
Here where hands lie idle while thoughts roam ; 
The battle-line is held all breaking. 
And those who ventured forth are brought back home 



FORTUNE, the blind, capricious jade, 
Deprived him of all worldly store. 
Time, cruel despot, stole his youth. 
His .strength — he had no more! 
But Love— who is more blind that Pate. 
More kind than Time — .seeing the dire 
And hopele.s.s lot of this poor wight. 
Gave him his Heart's Desire. 



April, 1922 



A Novel With Some Great Scenes 


MISS I'ick-tliatl has always 
been, in nearly all her work. 
so nuicli the poetic counter- 
part of St. Francis of Assisi, that 
it has been fortunate it stood al- 
most heyond criticism, since he 
who had dared to criticize it 
would have laid himself open to 
the rebuke that he was criticizint; 
the carvinjT of a shrine before 
which he should more properly 
have knelt in silence: and it is 
unfortunate that "The Rrid<je" is 
so far from beiuij Ijcyond criticism 
that the suflferinij of this rebuke 
must be hazarded. 

"The Bridge" is steeped in that 
passion for all shy. tender and 
wistful thinjjs which saturates her 
lyric work ; it has many descrip- 
tive passasjes of exquisite beauty : 
it has scenes which can only be 
compared to that breathless scene 
in her first novel ("Little 
Hearts"). Anthony's ride to 
Diantha. or to the picture of the 
crazed woman nursine: her imag- 
inary child, in Chapter X\"II. of 
the same book, a picture w-hich it 
is not too high praise to say that 
it is as memorable and unforget- 
table as that of Ophelia's mad- 
ness ; it has even much of the 
tragic power of "The Wood Carv- 
er's Wife." 

Nevertheless "The Bridge" is 
not what Miss Pickthall may yet 
give us. a novel which will link 
her name w-ith Emily Bronte's 
(for real importance, not. of 
course, for likeness of work") as 
her poetry has already linked it 
with that of Christina Rossetti. 

In its suggestions of tragic 
power, it marks a great advance 
from "Little Hearts." but at the 
same time these suggestions are 
accompanied by a quite incongru- 
ous tendency towards senti- 
mentality, which. curiously 
enough, was not the fault of the 
first book. A possible explana- 
tion of this lapse lies in the appar- 
ently loose form of the novel, i.e., 
of the novel in general, not of this 
novel in particular. As Arnold 
Bennett remarked a long time ago 
there are far more perfect sonnets 
than perfect epics : a short form 
is easier to manipulate than a 
long form : and the most difficult 
thing in all art is to maintain the 
imaginative tension unslackened 
through a considc-able period. As 

between the poem or the drama on 
the one hand, and the novel on the 
other, it would seem fair to say 
that the intellect supplies, or 
should su])ply, in the latter, what 
the set form safeguards in the 
former, consistency. 

It is. therefore, i)crhaps natural, 
taking the character and order of 
appearance of the three works 
mentioned ("Little Hearts," Miss 
Pickthall's first novel ; "The Wood 
Carver's Wife," her amazing 
poetic drama ; and the present 
novel), that "The Bridge" occu- 
pies the middle position, showing 
an advance in the novel, but 
showing her yet unable to achieve 
in its ap])arent freedom what she 
can achieve when supported by an 
art form. This is not to set the 
novel higher than poetry or the 
drama, for it is not. It requires 
less imagination, though possibly 
more power of invention. But it 
has its own difficulties and prob- 
lems, especially for the imagin- 
ati\-e mind, which is naturally 

supposed to be intellectual. 

So far as real likeness of work 
is concerned, it might be helpful, 
but also confusing, to say that 
"The Bridge" is more reminiscent 
of Conrad than of any other mod- 
ern author: helpful in so far as it 
is true ; confusing, if it led anyone 
to think the book imitative, which 
it is not. having only that link 
with what has already been done 
which distinguishes originality 
from eccentricity. 

It is not surprising to find Miss 
Pickthall writing exquisitely, as 
in such a passage as the follow- 

The muskrat trails at the edge of 
the marsh would hold him for hours, 
puzzling out their manifold intersec- 
tions. .\ little wader with lemon- 
yellow legs, picking water-snails from 
the sunken reed-roots gave him food 
for infinite reflection. A turtle with 
a wine-red shell, creeping from a 
pond to lay her eggs in a channel of 
the warm mud. he watched a whole 
evening. These small lovelinesses 
were new to him. He took them, 
shaped them to his need, as some- 
times he shaped the wet sand to idle 
stars or walls or flowers. 

It is perhaps even not surpris- 
ing, after "The ^^'ood Carver's 
Wife." to find such powerful 
imagery as "a shrub covered with 
pink tubular flowers, rigid as 

metal in the glare of the street 

But it is surprising, even after 
"The Wood Carver's Wife," to 
read such a passage as this, de- 
scribing .Man Maclear sinking in 
the lake ffir the third time in his 
attempted suicide after the col- 
lapse of the bridge, due to his 
having skimped the specifications: 
"He saw the bridge more clearly 
than he had ever seen it — the 
bridge, and all connected with it, 
compressed in space and titrie to 
one instantaneous apprehension. 
It spanned the oncoming dark- 
ness; little brillian't lines and dia- 
grams enclosed it, economical cal- 
culations printed indelibly on the 
universe" ; or such a passage as 
this, as Maclear goes down to the 
wharf from which he jumps. "He 
shuddered froiu the dark, bright 
faces that the night gave him. 
That girl with the scarf over her 
head and her teeth flashing; that 
sliin boy pushing home the peanut 
stand ; that broad. Madonna-faced 
woman calling her children ; even 
the children themselves, picking 
up half burnt moths under a 
light, he saw only as so many 
potential murders, adulteries, be- 
trayals, helpless in the hold of 

In such passages there is every 
warrant for the coiriparison made 
The very story itself is a further 
warrant: The meeting of Maclear. 
on Tallis Island, where he seeks 
refuge, in solitude, from his own 
conscience, with Sombra and .Sal 
vator Luz. twins, living with Mait 
Ransome, tjow an old man, but ob- 
sessed with his loss of Martha to 
Tuan-Maddalena Luz. their father, 
who was wrecked and drowned on 
the island ere they were born — 
such a story inevitably recalls 
"Lord Jim," especial!}- in regard 
to the characters of Sombra and 
Salvator, tinged with the enig- 
matic passion of the south ; and it 
is perhaps not unprofitable to re- 
mark that this book, the nearest 
approach to a significant novel 
from the pen of one who, 
though not Canadian-born, is 
properly accounted a Canadian, 
having lived nearly all her life 
here, is as much Spanish as Can- 
adian, nay, more Spanish than 
Canadian, for though the setting 
is on the Great Lakes, and though 



April, 1922 

the third part of the book has a 
wonderful description of a bliz- 
zard, still her descriptions are so 
atmospheric that no definite image 
of any place remains. Tallis Island 
is nothing but a heap of drifting 
sand. The city from which Mac- 
lean flees might be any city on 
earth. The great lake on which 
it stands might be a lagoon. Som- 
bra and Salvator dominate the 
whole book. 

The point of departure of "The 
Bridge" from Conrad's work lies, 
however, in the wholly different 
final philosophy underlying it, and 
in the incongruous tendency 
towards sentimentality already 
noted. It might also be said that 
its action springs rather from the 
will of the author than from the 
inherent tendencies of her char- 
acters, and is therefore lacking in 

Miss Pickthall's final philo.s- 
ophy, notwithstanding the pas- 
sages quoted, is that Fate is not 
stronger than Love, and that the 
tree need not for ever lie as it 
falls. This philosophy has perils 
for the artist, almost inviting the 
disaster of a banal "happy end- 
ing" which Miss Pickthall does 
not entirely escape, and it is cer- 
tainly responsible in part for the 
incongruous sentimentality. There 
is nothing inartistic in Salvator 
and Maclear, each, as it were, free- 
ing himself, l)y contrition and con- 
fession, from the albatross aliout 
his neck; but it is inartistic and 
conventional to end by acquaint- 
ing the reader with Maclear's re- 
solve to build a bridge at a dan- 
gerous ford so that he may save 
lives for the lives he lost. That 
is giving a sign where none should 
be given and where none is needed 
by those who can enter into the 
spiritual grace which finally de- 
scends upon these stormy souls. 

The matter of sentimentality is 
more serious in those smaller 
details which make so much dif- 
ference, as Miss Pickthall herself 
shows in her poetry. It arises 
partly from Sombra being an un- 
educated girl, but it is not neces- 
sary to make a girl who is also 
one of nature's royal women speak 
cheaply — with "lovey" and 
"dearie" etc. It might be less 
true, superficially, to life, but it 
would be more true to art, to 
endow her with speech, simple, it 

in a typical setting. She was a worshiper of Nature in all its forms. Her 
outdoor descriptions contribute jewels to the story she tells in "The Bridge.'* 

may be granted, but befitting her 
character, as J. M. Synge endows 
Maurya in "Riders to the .Sea." It 
may be noted that Masefield's 
"Dauber" is not more convincing 
than Conrad's "Typhoon," be- 
cause the former has, and the lat- 
ter has not, a liberal sprinkling of 
hells and damns and bloodys, 
though this is not to say that it 
is more conxincing. And would 
Salvator, where Maclear brings in 
Sombra through the surf, sure 
that she is dead, say all Miss 
Pickthall makes him say? — es- 
pecially, "Mr. Maclear . . . 
Alan, for God's sake, listen! You 

When the tragic news of the 
death of Marjorie L. Pickthall 
reached Eastern Canada, it was 
too late to remodel the review of 
her novel. "The Bridge," which 
had been prepared for this issue, 
and which is from the pen of one 
who has devoted much of his 
time and energy to causing her 
work to be better known and 
more truly appreciated in Canada. 

Miss Pickthall's death is a most 
serious loss to Canadian litera- 
ture. Though she was of English 
origin, her art had for years been 
steadily becoming more char- 
acteristically Canadian. She was 
perfectly at home in British 
Columbia — that extremity of 
Canada which is as much nearer 
to England spiritually as it is 
further from it geographically 
than the rest of the Dominion. 

In its next issue The Canadian 
Bookman will endeavor to ex- 
press the feelings that are shared 
by all Miss Pickthall's fellow- 
workers in consequence of her 
untimelv death. 

love her. So do I. Give her to 
me. I won't hurt her. I tell you 
she's alive. She's my dear sister. 
She's Sombra. She's living yet." 
Would not any man in such cir- 
cumstances simply insist, "Give 
her to me. She's alive. She's 
alive"? Was there any neces- 
sity to make Sombra and Moira 
meet, so that the former might 
speak of the "poor lady"? More- 
over, these lapses, and these are 
not the only ones, are contrary to 
the reserved character which both 
Sombra and Salvator are explicit- 
ly given. 

As to the somewhat arbitrary 
nature of the action of the story, 
it may be urged that there is a 
nuite justifiable substitution of a 
beautiful symbolism for plot, or 
logical sequence. The book is di- 
vided into three parts: "Sand," 
"Mist," and "Winter." In the 
first, Maclear is bulding his life 
on sand ; in the second, Maclear 
loses Sombra both actually and 
metaphorically in mist; in the 
third, their love, as well as their 
lives, are in winter, a winter which 
only in the last few pages 
"changes to spring." 

However, despite the passages 
not only of great beauty, but also 
of great power, in this book, the 
conchision seems justified that 
Miss Pickthall is not yet master 
of the novel as she is of poetry, 
and it may be repeated that this 
is in all likelihood due to the dif- 
ference between the two. 

April, 1922 




IT is well known that Western 
Canada absorbs millions upon 
millions of dollars of loans, but 
it may not be so well known what 
the West absorbs in the form of 
emotional or intellectual litera- 
ture. A record of one day's out- 
put from the Moose Jaw Public 
Library may, therefore, prove in- 

(Parenthetically, what sort of 
place is Moose Jaw? A city of 
at least 20,000 inhabitants, com- 
ing mainly from Eastern Canada, 
but many are of Western birth, 
quite a large proportion from the 
British Isles, and many others 
from the United States and 
from Europe. It is a railway and 
distributing centre, has excellent 
schools and churches, and nine 
years ago, bv a debenture issue of 
$105,000, built for itself and 
equipped an attractive Public 
Library, which has now about 
17,000 volumes on its shelves, and 
subscribes to over 100 magazines 
and newspapers.) 

On Saturday, January 14th, of 
this year 932 books were given 
out from the library for home 
reading. Of these 123 were juve- 
niles, — fairy stories, nature stories 
and typical children's literature ; 
•689 were novels by over 300 wri- 
ters, an indication that tastes 
differ in Moose Jaw as elsewhere. 
The remaining 120 volumes were 
as follows, and in the realm of 
serious reading it will be noticed 
that tastes differ quite as much as 
in fiction : 

Asquith, M. — Autobiography. 
Bridle — Sons of Canada. 

Moose Jaw 


Haw — From Worklmusc to Westmin- 

Debs — Life, Writings and Speeches. 

Dilnot — Llojd (ieorgi-. 

Evans — Ron>ance of Lloyd George. 

Hasanovitz — One of Them. 

Singmaster — Martin Luther. 

Pepys — Diary. 

Stone — Fifty Years a Journalist. 

Villiers— His Five Decades of Adven- 

Watkins — Famous Mysteries. 

Pittenger — Debater's Treasury. 

F.dson— Getting What We Want. 

(uilick — Mind and Work. 

Payot — Education of the Will. 

-Adams — Plato. 

Burton — Problem of Evil. 

Green — Prolegomena to Ethics. 

— Apocryphal New Testament. 

Smith, G. Adam — Book of Jonah. 
Farrar — St. Paul. 

— "By an Unknown Disciple." 

Kennedj- — Food for the Fed-up. 

Dau — Four Hundred Years (of Luther- 

Wilber — Mary Baker Eddy. 

Douglas — Economic Dempcracy. 

Blankenhorn — Report of the Steel 

Pigou — Unemployment. 

Flynt — Tramping With Tramps. 

Wellman — Day in Court. 

Whitlock— Forty Years of It. 

Bcrman — Glands Regulating Personal- 

Comstock — Handbook of Nature Study. 

Anstruther — Complete Beauty Book. 

Ash — Problem of the Nervous Break- 

Spinney — Health Through Self-control. 

Wood — Old Days on the Farm. 

Broomhead — Poultry and Profit. 

Paull — Incubators and Chicken Rear- 

Balderston — Laundering. 

Farmer — Boston Cook-book. 

Gillniore — Meatless Cookerj-. 

Fowler — Practical Salesmanship. 

Jones — Salesmanship and Management. 

Patterson — Banking Principles. 

Seldon — Elementary Cabinet-work. 

White — Principles of Floriculture. 

Tapper — Chats With Music Students. 


Hollistcr — Parlor Games. 

House — Hunters' Camp-fires. 

Kellernian — How to Swim. 

McGuire— In the Alaska-Yukon Game- 

Lowell — Tendencies in Modern Ameri- 
can Poetry. 

—Days With Lyric Poets. 

Wilkinson— New. Voices in Poetry. 
Campbell. W. W.— Collected Poems. 

— Oxford Book of Canadian 


Chappell— The Day and Other Poems. 

Drummond, W. H. — Poetical Works. 

Garvin — Canadian Poets. 

Guest — Just Folks. 

Milton — Poetical Works. 

Russell, G. W. — Collected Poems. 

Avebury— On Peace and Happiness. 

Benson — Father Payne. 

Carman— Poetry of Life. 

Cicero — Old Age and Friendship. 

Marcossoo — Adventures in Interview- 

Vaughan— What of To-day? 

French — Standard Canadian Reciter. 

Patten — .After-dinner Speaker. 

Oman — Byzantine Empire. 

Wilder— Smiling Round the World. 

Buckingham^Mackenzie, His Life and 

Clement— History of Canada. 

Hughes— Father Lacombe. 

Dionne — Champlain. 

Pope— Days of Sir John A. Macdonald. 

Victor— Canada's Future 

Wood— Red River Colony. 

.Auer — Camp-fires in the Yukon. 

Bridgman — Breaking Prairie Sod. 

Cameron— The New North. 

Curran— In Canada's Wonderful North- 

Enoch— Great Pacific Coast. 

Millais— Newfoundland and Its Un- 
trodden Ways. 

Morley— Bridging the Chasm. 

Stewart — Down the Mackenzie and up 
the Yukon. 

Treniaudon — The Hudson Bay Road. 

Peel— Future of England. 

McCarthy— Priests and People in Ire- 

Somerville — Experiences of an Irish 

Earle— Stage Coach and Tavern Days. 

Twain — Roughing It. 

Beston- Full Speed Ahead. 

Coleman— With Cavalry in 1915. 

Dillon— Inside Story of the Peace Con- 

Hall — Kitchener's Mob. 

Le GofTic— Foch at the Marne. 
—The Lie of August-4th. 1914. 

Xasmith — Canada's Sons in the World 

Xewbolt — Naval History of the War. 

Scheer — Germany's High Sea Fleet. 

Verhaeren — Belgium's Agony. 

Wells — From Montreal to Vimy Ridge. 

Morgan — Leaves from a Field Note- 

Pantazzi — Roumaina in Light and 

Smith — How Paris Amuses Itself. 

Fraser — The Conquering Jew. 

Ling — Two Years in the Forbidden 


Paine— The Lure of the Mediterra- 

Zangwill— The Voii.e of Jerusalem. 

Butcher— Things Seen in Egypt. 

Eraser — The Land of Veiled Women. 

Eraser — The Amazing Argentine. 

Stock — Cruise of the Dream Ship. 

Hall and NordhofT — Fairy Lands of the 
South Seas. 

O'Brien — Mystic Isles of the South 

Stock — Cruise of the Dream Ship. 

Gooding — Picturesque New Zealand. 

Scott — His Last Expedition. 

Since the library opened in 
August, 1913, there have been 
i.ssued 718,998 hooks for home 
reading, made up of 109,779 juve- 
niles, 500,002 novels, and 109.217 
non-fiction. It would be easy to 
moralize on the effects produced 
by this reading on the commun- 
it}-. Ijut the readers of the 
Canadian Bookman are quite as 
competent to do that as the con- 
triljutor of these facts. 

List of Book Collectors. 

A classified list of book col- 
lectors in Canada is being made 
and the readers of Canadian Book- 
man are asked to kindly assist in 
making this list as thorough as 
possible. It will be the means of 
bringing to collectors a great deal 
of information without any efl^ort 
on their part, and dealers have 
found it helpful in reaching many 
bu3'ers who were not on their pri- 
vate lists. It will be for the gen- 
eral interest of all concerned for 
the list to be as accurate and com- 
prehensive as possible. Book buy- 
ers who care to receive corres- 
pondence or lists and catalogues 
along lines in which they are in- 
terested should register their 
names, addresses, and such further 
information as may be helpful, at 
once. Correspondence should be 
addressed to The Canadian Book- 
man. 263 Adelaide St. \\'., Toron- 
to, Ont. 

April. 1922 

Real Wealth of Nations. 
In "The Real Wealth of Na- 
tions," by Ben Hecht, (World 
Book Co,, Yonkers, N.Y,), the 
author contends that the opera- 
tions of a system of economies 
such as is outlined in this book 
would remove the causes of in- 
dustrial unrest and should con- 
vince the workers of the value to 
themselves of maximum produc- 
tion. The author defines the 
relationship of capital and labor, 
middlemen and producers. Given 
the necessaries of life to each 
citizen and an equitable distribu- 
tion of wealth, the relative im- 
portance to the community of 
capital, employers, and employees 
will be appreciated and dissatis- 
faction will disappear. The sig- 
nificance of international compe- 
tition is made clear. The object 
and the efifect of Protection and 
of Free Trade receive the atten- 
tion that the important question 
of tarif? demands. 

Canadian Children and Canadian Writers 

THE editor of The Canadian 
Bookman has received a copy 
of a letter written by Miss 
Margaret C. Cowie, of the Aber- 
deen School. Vancouver, B.C., to 
one of the leading officers of the 
Canadian Authors Association, 
which is so full of interest and 
suggestion that there seems 
nothing to do but to puljlish it 
practically in full. If every 
teacher in Canada — or even one- 
half of the teachers in Canada — 
were to undertake something like 
the work which Miss Cowie is 
doing, the results for both the 
immediate future and the long- 
distance future of Canada would 
be beyond all computation. And 
yet it is not a difficult work, lor 
Canadian children do not possess 
that prejudice concerning Cana- 
dian literature which is so de- 
plorably common among their 
elders, and which Dr. Archibald 
MacMechan not long ago satir- 
ized in the delightful epigram 
which may be new to some of our 
readers : 

Why is it — for ye know it's true — 
That the last thing a Canuck will do 
Is read the work that's from the pen 
Of one of his own countrymen? 

In fact, most Canadian children, 
we suspect, suffer from a slight 
sense of shame — if they have 
given any attention to the subject 
at all— at the thought that the 

nation to which they t)el(.icg does 
not seem to rank quite a.*^ high in 
the matter of literary output as 
some of the other nations which, 
in other respects, are quite satis- 
factorily inferior. Patriotism is 
a siiTiple matter in the child min<l. 
and finds expression mainly in the 
desire to believe one's own nation 
to be better than all other nalii^ns 
in all respects. We do not sug- 
gest that to the child mind 
prowess in literature appears as 
important as prowess in warfare, 
or in the Olympic games, or in 
lacrosse, or in flying, or in the 
possession of the fastest loco- 
motives or the rarest postage 
stamps ; but to some children, at 
least, it has its importance. Says 
Miss Cowie : 

"I am a teacher in a Vancouver 
public school. About eighteen 
months ago I undertook to in- 
terest my class in Canadian 
writers. The children promptly 
waxed enthusiastic. They started 
a class library, every book in 
which is by a Canadian-born 
author. They now possess sixty- 
nine volumes of fiction, poetry, 
travel, history, etc. 

"They worked for that library ! 
They contributed their maga- 
zines to a second-hand book- 
store, and gave two concerts. 
And the library will continue to 
grow. Each Friday I tell them 
about some Canadian author, and 

read selections from his works ; 
the class are all interested, and 
their knowledge of our own 
writers far out-does that of many 
adults. I hear that they are edu- 
cating their friends and relatives 
on the subject, too, also that they 
are persuading their parents to 
buy books by Canadians. My 
greatest difficulty is in getting 
information about our authors — 
their birthplaces, their careers, 
etc. On Fridays, the children ex- 
pect me to tell them such things 
about the writer to be studied — 
and I regret to say, 'Who's Who' 
frequently omits the names of 
Canadian authors, though those 
of business men are usually given. 
Couldn't the Authors Association 
point out to the editors of the 
volume that there are people who 
are as much interested in authors 
as in cattle kings, for instance? 
"Rev, R. G, Macbeth, Mrs. 
Isabel Ecclestone Mackay, and 
Bliss Carman were kind enough 
to visit my class and speak to the 
children, who were charmed and 
not a little awed by such honors. 
The presence of Bliss Car- 
man nearly overwhelmed them. 
Several authors, including Peter 
McArthur, Mrs. Mackay and Sir 
Gilbert Parker, have presented 
their photographs to the class. I 
had these framed, and the kiddies 
swell with pride as they look at 
the wail where they hang." 

April. 1922 



Onota Watanna has Written a New Book 



[UST to think," said John 
Murray (jibboii, president 
of the Canadian Authors' 
Association, on his famous Au- 
thors Association organization 
trip last year, "that in the Foot- 
hills of the Rockies, buried on an 
Alberta ranch, we discovered one 
of our greatest Canadian authors, 
one that has had the distinction 
of having the largest sale of any 
of us — Mrs. Francis F. Reeve, 
better known to the world as 
'Onota Watanna'." 

Yes, she was caught right in 
the act of giving to the world 
another novel, her new novel and 
her sixteenth novel, "Sunny San," 
which is considered her greatest, 
and which will be published by 
Doran Co., of New York, in April, 
and by the Hutchinsons, London, 
England. We met her in Calgary 
— Arthur Stringer, a former 
friend, John Murray Gibbon, and 
a number of local friends. We 
then proceeded to her ranch 
home, some forty miles west of 
Calgary. En route she told us of 
her new book, "Sunny San," which 
she had written in a month, 80,000 

"It sounds impossible," said 
Arthur Stringer. "It can't be up 
to the standard of your others." 

The face on Onota Watanna 
fell, but she replied: "All my 
books have been done in short 
periods. The words simply flow- 
ed from my pen. I couldn't give 
it up. I couldn't rest. I simply 
had to write and write until it 
was finished. You must hear it 
and tell me frankly — brutally 
frankly — if I've come back again, 
for I've not written a line since 
I've been here." 

Afterwards we gathered in the 
living room of her ranch home — 
that room so typically vivid of 
the personality of Onota Watan- 
na herself, a room strangely in- 
congruous with the usual living 
room of a western ranch. The 
floor was carpeted with Oriental 
rugs ; the walls decorated with oil 
paintings of her father, auto- 
graph-photographs of famous 
people — Jean Webster, John 
Emerson, Anita Loos, Louise 
Button, Margaret Illington — and 
lined half-way up with books, 
authors' copies of Mark Twain, 

Booth Tarkington. Nellie Mc- 
Clung, Sergeant Kendall, etc. 

She began to read — "Madam 
Many Smiles was dead. The star 
of the house of a Thousand Joys 
had fluttered out into the land of 
Shadows." In a minute all were 
attention. The beautifully modu- 
lated voice of the author-reader 
suddenly transported us far-away 
from the rugged foothill country 
to the cherry-blossom land of 

She read on and on — all the 
best parts, briefly connecting the 
more detailed parts, completing 
the whole stor\-. 

Arthur Stringer was the first 
to speak. "I didn't think it could 
be done. You've written vour 


Whose Sixteenth Novrl, "Sunuy San,'' 

has just been published. 

best book. Its pictorial possi- 
bilities are tremendous." 

John Murray Gibbon was 
equally enthusiastic — enthusiastic 
because he had made the dis- 
covery of a Canadian author of 
the first degree, enthusiastic be- 
cause he had enjoyed the rare 
treat of having a charming book 
read to him. 

Mrs. Reeve is the daughter of 
the late Edward and Grace Eaton, 
formerly of Macclesfield, Eng- 

Prior to coming to Montreal, 
about fifty years ago, Mr. Eaton 
and his brother Isaac were two 
of the best known and wealthiest 
Englishmen in China and Japan, 
whither they were despatched by 
their father to establish connec- 

tions will) the great Eaton Silk 
^lanufaciuring Co., controlled by 
the Eatoiis. .Mr. Edward Eaton, 
the father of Mrs. Reeve, was the 
intimate friend and associate of 
General Gordon. He came to 
America towards the end of the 
civil war, but lost the greater 
part of his fortune in Wall Street. 
He then came to Canada, where 
he resideii continuously up to the 
time of his death, his paintings 
being well known to Canadians, 
many of them being bought by 
the late Lord Strathcona and 
some by the Duke of Argyle. 
Mrs. Reeve is one of fourteen 
children — she was in fact the 
seventh child. 

She began to write at an early 
age and when only fifteen' years 
old her first story, an ambitious 
two-part serial entitled "A Poor 
Devil," was accepted and pub- 
lished in the Montreal Canadian 
Metropolitan Magazine. 

At the age of seventeen, though 
she had never been outside of 
Montreal, she accepted a position 
to go to Jamaica, West Indies, 
to report the debates of the 
Legislative Council. She re- 
mained in Jamaica for the full 
term of the session, and returned 
with a letter from her employer, 
which stated that young as she 
was, she had "reported the de- 
bates with credit to herself and 
the newspaper." 

She then took up her residence 
in Chicago, and within a short 
time her stories began to appear 
in the leading American maga- 
zines, and attracted considerable 
attention. Her first short story 
appeared in Frank Leslie's 
Monthly. Others followed in the 
Ladies' Home Journal, Saturday 
Evening Post, Metropolitan, Cos- 
mopolitan, Century, Scribner, 
Munsey, and in fact in nearly all 
the American magazines, also in 
the London Strand, Idler and 

While her stori'es were running 
in the American magazines, her 
first novel made its appearance, 
being published by Rand McNally 
& Company. It was called "Miss 
Nume of Japan." The following 
year found her in New York City, 
and the manuscript of her "Jap- 
anese Nightingale," in the hands 



April, 1922 

of the old publishing house of 
Harper & Brothers. The story 
was immediately accepted, and in 
a review that appeared in the 
North American Review, William 
Dean Howells. the dean of Am- 
erican letters, hailed the appear- 
ance of this young author as "a 
star of the first magnitude in the 
literary heavens." 

The success of "The Japanese 
Nightingale'" was instantaneous. 
It ran through one edition after 
another, having a sale of ov'er 
two hundred thousand, was trans- 
lated into French, German, Swed- 
ish, Italian, Spanish, and Jap- 
anese, and was produced as a 
play in America. England and 
France. ^Margaret IlHngton made 
her debut as a star in "The 
Japanese Nightingale." Marie 
Tempest acquired the rights for 
England, while the Comtesse de 
Fitte de Soney made the trans- 
lation into French. Fanny ^^'ard 
later appeared in the motion pic- 
ture Version, and now, over 
eighteen years after the publi- 
cation of this novel, Madame 
Tamaki Miura, the Japanese 
Prima Donna, famous for her 
Madame Butterfly, protege of 
Adeline Patti. and a pupil of our 
own Madame Albani, is to appear 
in an operatic version of this 
story, which she has recently 

Following the publication of 
"A Japanese Nightingale," the 
following novels by Onota Wa- 
tanna were published : 

The Wooing of Wistaria. 

The Heart of Hyacinth. 


The Honorable Miss Moon- 

A Japanese Blossom. 

Daughters of Nuja. 

The Love of Azalea. 

Miss Spring Morning. 

The Diarv of Delia. 



Lend Me Your Title. 

Other People's Troubles. 

Mrs. Reeve, intensely Cana- 
dian, wearied of writing merely 
Japanese stories ; but as she ex- 
plained, her father and uncle had 
lived so long in the Far East, and 
she, as a child, had heard so many 
stories at home of her parent's 
sojourn there, that the coimtry 
appealed to her imagination. She 
was unprepared for the success 
that attended her first stories, 
and found herself, so she said, in 
a position where her publishers 

wished her to continue writing 
of the same subject — Japan. To 
prove, however, that she was 
capable of other work besides 
Japanese romances, she wrote 
"The Diary of Delia," the sup- 
posed journal of an Irish cook. 
This she submitted anonj'mously 
to no less than four magazines, 
using the pseudonym of Winni- 
fred Mooney. She was stunned, 
however, when all four magazines 
promptly accepted this rollicking 
tale, and it appeared some years 
ago as a serial in the Saturday 
Evening Post. IMuch to her dis- 
appointment, however, the Post, 
who had meanwhile discovered 
tliat she was the author, put her 
better-known pseudonym above 
the stor}-. She was still advised 
by her publishers to "stick to 
her last," as her stories of Japan 
continued to have a large sale. 

In the spring of 1915 an anony- 
mous serial entitled "Me" ap- 
peared in the staid pages of the 
old Century Magazine, and, w-hile 
shocking the sensibilities of 
many of the old subscribers, it 
increased that magazine's cir- 
culation considerably. This story 
was sponsored by the late Jean 
Webster, the close, intimate 
friend of Onota Watanna, and 
herself author of "Daddy Long 
Legs," who wrote the introduc- 
tion to "Me," vouching for the 
accuracy of the tale. The book 
publication of "Me" followed 
soon after, and for a year or more 
not even her publishers knew 
that the author of "A Japanese 
Nightingale" was the author and 
heroine of "Me." Then the New 
York Times, in a page review 
of the novel, which had created 
considerable controversy in the 
Chicago and New York press, by 
a process of deduction scientifi- 
cally fixed the authorship upon 
Onota Watanna. 

Soon after this the Hearsts 
contracted with the author to 
write solely for their publica- 
tions for a term of years. Also, 
about this time, the Chicago Tri- 
bune offered a prize of $10,000 for 
the best synopsis for a scenario 
for a motion picture serial play, 
to follow their "Million Dollar 
Mystery" and "Diamond from 
the Sky." Onota Watanna was 
awarded this prize, and for a con- 
siderable period she worked for 
these producers. Meanwhile her 
novel "Marion," written in colla- 
boration with her sister, Mrs. 
Karl Bosse. ran seriallv in 

Hearst's ^Magazine, and later was 
published as a book. This story 
was the journal of an artist's 
model, and was based upon the 
life of her sister. 

Mrs. Reeve colloborated upon 
several plays with John Emer- 
son, then director for Charles 
Frohman, and since famous for 
his motion picture scenarios with 
his wife, Anita Loos, for the 
Talmadge sisters. Two of the 
plays done by Mrs. Reeve and 
Emerson, "Tama" and "The Road 
to Honor'' were accepted for pro- 
duction b}^ Marie Dore and by 
Tyrone Power, who has recently 
stated he purposes a production 
of "The Road to Honor" at an 
early date. 

Mrs. Reeve has been twice 
married : first to B. W. Babcock. 
of New York City, a theatrical 
manager, and second to Francis 
F. Reeve, formerly secretary- 
treasurer and one of the owners 
of the Red Star Towing and 
Transportation Company of New 
York City, and for the past five 
years president of the Pleasant 
Range Stock Farms, Limited, of 
Alberta, a cattle ranching cor- 
poration, of which Mrs. Reeve is 
secretary and one of the three 

In the early years of her first 
marriage, when she was pressed 
to turn out stories as fast as she 
could write them, and while her 
vogue was at its height, she 
liked to jest that she turned out 
"A book and a baby a year," but 
her youngest son's tragic death — 
he was dropped by a nurse, and 
after several months died from 
the effects of a trepanning opera- 
tion — cast a shadow upon h'er 
life, and for seven years she 
ceased to write at all. To get 
away from the seat of her 
trouble, and as she was in great 
need of a mental rest, the Reeves' 
came out to Alberta, and engaged 
in the cattle-ranching "game." 
One of their ranches, "Bow 
View," on the Bow River, mid- 
way between Calgary and Banff, 
is one of the most remarkably 
beautiful places in this province. 
Here the Reeves' have enter- 
tained numerous friends en route 
to Banff, and here many of the 
visiting English editors, a few 
years, intent on being shown the 
beautiful parts of this country, 
stopped to see something of ranch 
life and pronounced it the ideal 
place and life. During the period 
of her residence in Alberta, Mrs. 



CA.\ADiA.\ lUH) K.MAS 


Reeve foiiiul little time fur writ- 
ing, hut she has declared that 
the urge t<i write never left her, 
though she sufTered from a sen- 
sitive fear that she had lost her 
ability to express herself bv pen. 

About a year ago she broke 
away from the claims (_if the 
ranch, where, with the exception 
of a winter in New York City, she 
had lived continuously for the 
past five years, and came to Cal- 
gary, shut herself into a room 
and wrote her novel, "Sunny- 
san." This novel had the distinc- 
tion of being almost simultane- 
ously accepted both in New York 
and London, whither the manu- 
script had been taken by Mrs. 
Nellie ilcClung, who generously 
proffered to act as agent for her 
fellow-author. Within the last 
month a large film company of 
Hollywood has acquired the mo- 
tion picture rights to the story, 
and a contract has also been made 
for the stage production of this 
novel. Willard Mack, author of 
"Tiger Rose," made a contract 
with Mrs. Reeve to dramatize the 
story, and his version will prob- 
ably be the one produced by the 
managers who have acquired 
the dramatic rights. 

Since writing "Sunny-san," Airs. 
Reeve has been busy writing 
stories of this country, which will 
no doubt be published at an early 
date. Two of her scenarios con- 
cerning ranch life in Alberta are 

in the hands of film companies, 
and the 11. W. GrilYith Company 
wrote to her to the effect that her 
play, "Cattle," was the best manu- 
script that had come into their 
office in many a day. 

Mrs. Reeve is at present a resi- 
dent of Calgary, but purjioses to 
return to the ranch at Morley 
some time in the early summer. 
.She is the mother of three child- 
ren, who for the past four years 
have been resident students at 
Mount Royal College, Calgary. 

One of Mrs. Reeves' sisters was 
the late Miss Edith Eaton, whose 
exquisite fairy and child stories of 
China, which appeared over the 
pseudonym of Sui Sin Far, were 
pronounced by discriminating- 
critics to be classics. Some of 
these stories are included in 
American and Canadian school 
readers. After her death, the 
Chinese citizens of Montreal paid 
her the honor of erecting a special 
monument above her grave in 
Mount Royal Cemetery, testifying 
to their appreciation of her work 
in translating the poetry and 
beauty of Chinese child life. 
Another sister, widow of the late 
Walter Blackburn Harte, English 
essayist and poet, concerning 
whom Walter Pater makes men- 
tion as one of England's literary 
geniuses, is now a lawyer in Chi- 
cago. Mrs. Reeve's eldest brother 
was the late Edward C. Eaton, of 
Montreal, former!}- vice-president 

and general manager of Frothing- 
ham & Workman, and one time 
Canada's champion revolver shot. 

Mrs. Reeve, though the author 
of numerous stories of Jai)an, in- 
sists upon being considered purely 
Canadian. Seven of her nephews 
served in the late war, one of 
them. Lieutenant Eaton, an avia- 
tor, giving his life in the service of 
his country. During the war 
years, but before America entered, 
the Reeves came to Alberta, to do 
what they claimed was "their bit" 
— that "bit" being every inch of 
crop that their grain farm could 
produce. Since the war the Reeve 
outfit have employed only veter- 

It may be noted that Mrs. 
Reeve's New York publisher, 
George H. Doran. is a Canadian ; 
Willard Alack, who is to do the 
dramatization of her novel, is 
Canadian : Tyrone Power, who is 
to star in one of her plays, has 
long been a resident of Canada, 
though born in England, and 
Madame Tamaki Miura, who will 
produce the operatic version of her 
"Japanese Nightingale," though 
Japanese by birth, was educated 
by the Canadian prima donna, 
Aladam Albani. She has re- 
quested that the illustrator of her 
novel shall also be Canadian. Mrs. 
Reeve is the vice-chairman of the 
Calgary branch of the Canadian 
Authors Association. 

Concerning James De Mille 


Editor Canadian Bookman : 

Sir: Apart altogether from the 
kind references to my work, Mr. 
Douglas's enthusiastic appreciation 
of Professor James De Mille in the 
January Bookman is particularly 
gratifying to me. Canadian litera- 
ture still suffers from geography. 
The Alaritime Provinces are cut off 
from the rest of Canada, and one 
half of the Dominion does not know 
liow the other half lives — and what 
it has written. The general ignor- 
ance of De Mille, which Mr. Doug- 
las deplores, is quite comprehens- 
ible. It augurs well for the coming 
solidarity of Canadian letters that 
the extreme West should take such 
a vivid interest in a writer of the 
extreme Eiist. 

Mr. Douglas draws freely on my 
article. "James De Mille. the 
Writer and the Man," in The Can- 
adian Magazine of some years ago, 

and suggests that I had "unusual 
sources of information." It may 
interest your readers to know what 
those "sources" were. 

When I came to Halifax in 1889, 
De Mille had been dead only nine 
years. Mrs. De Mille was living 
with some of her family at 72, 
South Park St., a near neighbor. 

Ever since I read, "Cord and 
Creese," as a boy, in a fever of 
excitement, I had been deeply in- 
terested in the author. It doubled 
my interest to learn that those who 
knew him intimately were living 
near me. I procured an introduc 
tion to Mrs. De Mille, a woman of 
marked character and decided 
charm, who very kindly supplied 
me with many details of her hus- 
band's life, allowed me to examine 
his MS. books, etc.. and gave me 
the addresses af friends and rela- 
tives who could give me further 

information. With these I corres- 
ponded, as also \vith his publishers, 
and I have still the letters received 
at that time. Wherever it was pos- 
sible, I interviewed those who re- 
membered him, his colleagues at 
Dalhousie, for instance, and took 
notes of their conversation. All 
til is material I have still by me. 
Aly intention at the time was to 
draw up a brief memoir of a man, 
with every title to admiration ; but 
some members of the family object- 
ed to the idea, so I dropped it, and 
the Canadian ilagazine article (for 
which I received eight dollars) was 
the .sole result of my studies — a 

Only one member of De Mille '8 
family survives him. A. B. De Mille 
who followed Charles G. D. Roberts 
as Professor of English in King's 
College, and who now holds a sim- 
ilar position in Milton Academy, 



April, 1922 

Milton, Massaehusetts. He has 
written, "A History of Nineteenth 
Century Literature." 

Mr. Douglas suggests that if De 
Mille had gone to some literary 
centre, as Haliburton migrated to 
London,, he would have been better 
known. It is a fact that he had 
srtrong inducements to remove from 
Halifax to New York, but atfter 
due consideration he dismissed 
them. He lived and died in Hali- 

In regard to De Mille 's posthum- 
ous poem, "Bdiind The Veil," the 
edition is not quite exhausted. T. 
C. Allen & Co., (No. 5 Grenville 
St., Halifax,) have still about fifty 
copies. Our representative librar- 
ies should certainly possess thi.s re- 
markable work. It will be among 
the "Rarissima" of Canadian liter- 

The memory of De Mille is not 
likely to die in the college he served 
so well. Mr. W. H. Dennis of The 
Halifax Herald has just estaWished 
prizes to the value of $600 annually 
for essays and poems sub- 
mitted by registered students of 
Dalhousie College. The prize poem 
is to bear the name of Joseph Howe, 
and the prize essay the name of 
James De Mille. These magnific- 
ent prizes should serve a do\ible 
purpose, of stimulating youna; as- 
pirant's to literary fame, and keep- 
ing green the memorv of the dead. 
Halifax. N.S., Jan. 2. 1922. 


Prof. ArohllmW MacMechan, 

Haaifax, N.S.: 

Dear Sir: I have your favor of the 
16th Instant to hand yesterday, a*!klng 
for my recollections of the late Prof. 
James De Mille of Dalhousie Univers- 
ity. I cheerfully respond to your re- 
quest thougli I feel that I must he only 
one of a great many who held this 
eminent and very lovable man In high 

I was acquainted wltli Prof. De Mille 
before I became a student at Dal- 
housie. His family and ours were 
quite intimate. I can recall a child- 
ren's party at his home, where he was 
the presiding genius, playing tricks 
on the boys and throwing himselt with 
youthful spirit and energy Into the 
Charades and games -with which he 
amused hie young guests. Add to this 
the knowledge that he was at that very 
time writing boys' books, whldh we 
read with thrilling Interest — the B.O. 
W.C., The Boys of Grand Pr6, and 
others of that series. So when I saw 
him in the classroom for the first time 
I wae immediately sensible of the 
presence of a real, live author. Yet 
this was soon forgotten in the larger 
knowledge that I had in him a true 
friend — of itself no mean asset In Vhe 
srtock-ln-trade of a timid boy. I am 
quite aure that all who know him can 
bear testimony that this friendllnoM 

•was his attitude towards every student 
every one, whether dull or bright. He 
vras a born teacher, having the faculty 
of being able to impart knowledge. He 
never made you feel he was a superioi 
personage; he was there not merely to 
instruct but to encourage and help. 
He was a fine sample of a gentleman, 
without either affectation or stiffness. 
His manner was very attractive, his 
mind always alert, his voice clear and 
melodious, his speech fluent, his 
language choice. I noticed this latter 
quality more particularly when I came 
to listen to his lectures on History; but 
the lectures on Rhetoric and Elocution 
in my Freshman year left a lasting 
impression on my mind, and I am 
ready at any time to pay this humble 
tribute to one I greatly revered, by 
acknowledging my indebtedness to him 
for directing and cultivating, at this 
impressionable age, a taste for good 
literature and throwing around the 
subject a glamour and a fascination, 
which the passing of many years seems 
only to have enhanced. 

His sun went down at high noon. 
To our way of thinking he was taken 
at a time when he could least be 
spared. I have never forgotten the 
sadness which settled down like a pall 
on those of us who followed his re- 
mains to the cemetery one dismal day 
over forty years ago. 

I do not know that I can say any- 
thing more. I feel how far from ad- 
equate is this contribution to the 
memory of one whom I liked to call my 
good friend. I hope it may in some 
way prove satisfactory. 

Yours faithfully, 

Toronto, Dec. 23, 1921. 


W. Everard Edmonds, of Edmon- 
ton, has published a pamphlet en- 
titled "The National Resources Ques- 
tion," containing a plea for the com- 
pletion of Alberta's status as a prov- 
ince by the grant of the control of 
her own land. He points out that 
with a new Government in Alberta 
and in Ottawa the time is opportune 
to consider the question upon its 

The Calgary Branch of the C. A. A. 
Iiad a Moving Picture Meeting re- 
cently, at which Dr. Kerby and Mrs. 
Reeve were among the speakers. Mr. 
J. F. Price, who is a member of the 
association and a leading movie man- 
ager in Calgary, discussed the ques- 
tion of censorship, which appears to 
operate rather vigorously in some of 
(he Western provinces. For example. 
.1 film of the bathing pool at Banff 
was prohibited in Saskatchewan be- 
cause of the bathing suits which Al- 
berta tolerates in real life at the de- 
lightful resort. 

The Committee of the C. A. A. to 
which w'as awarded the task of re- 
porting on the question of securing a 
standard version of "O Canada" in 
English, has already been made ac- 
quainted with some thirty different 
versions, four or five of which have 

U various times been accepted by pa- 
triotic or other societies. 

J. C. Sutherland, Inspector-Gen- 
eral of the Protestant Schools of Que- 
bec, is publishing, through the firm of 
Renouf, Montreal, a volume entitled 
'The Province of Quebec: Geo- 
graphical and Social Studies." It is 
intended for the general reader, al- 
though it should be of great value to 
leachers and High School pupils. It 
is the first work of the kind dealing 
with any Canadian province on the 
lines of modern geographical thought. 
The following officers have been 
elected bv the Winnipeg Branch of 
the C. A. A.: Hon. Patron. Dr. C. W. 
Gordon; Hon. President, Canon Gill; 
President. W. T. Allison; First Vice, 
Hopkins Moorehouse; Second Vice, 
Miss Carolyn Cornell; Secretary, W. 
A. Deacon; Treasurer, John Mac- 
Lean; Archivist, Dr. John Maclean; 
Entertainment Committee, D. B. 
MacRae. Additional members of the 
Executive: Mrs. Cohen, Arthur L. 
Phelps, H. G. Wade, Miss Kennethe 
Haig and W. E. Ingersoll. 

Mrs. Eva Jacobs, a member of the 
Calgary branch of the C. A. A., is en- 
gaged upon a novel and a play deal- 
ing with life in the ranch country. She 
has been writing short stories and ar- 
ticles for American and Canadian 
magazines for a number of years, witii 
steadily increasing success, and man- 
ages to maintain her literary work al- 
though living on a farm at De Win- 
ton and looking after the affairs of a 
family containing several small chil- 

The March "Canadian Magazine" 
contains the text of the prize-winning 
play in the recent competition held by 
the Women's Canadian Club of To- 
ronto. It is entitled "Crows," is by 
Betti Primrose Sandiford, of Toronto, 
and is an extremely interesting and, 
we should judge, theatrically effective 
piece of work. The theme is the 
clash between a blind old Canadian 
farmer, born in England, but intense- 
ly attached to his Canadian home, and 
his daughter-in-law, a hard and un- 
sympathetic English woman who mar- 
ried the son while he was in England 
as a soldier. The woman, one fears, 
is a correct type of a rather class of 
the brides brought back to Canada by 
Canadian soldiers, though there are, 
of course, innumerable exceptions and 
the portrait may cause some con- 

An important event in Toronto lit- 
erary history was the recital which 
was given recently at Hart House 
Theatre of published and unpublished 
lyrics by Wilson MacDonald. These 
were read by the author himself, Ber- 
tram Forsyth, director of the theatre; 
Vincent Massey and Professor Pel- 
ham Edgar. Readers of The Cana- 
dian Bookman are familiar with the 
high quality of Mr. MacDonald's work, 
and the expressions of opinion from 
competent judges who attended this 
recital make it very evident that it is 
time he issued another volume of 
verse. A writer in Toronto Saturday 
Night, signing himself "B. M. G.," 
speaks of this poet as "a new ele- 
mental force in poetry, perhaps the 
first since Whitman." MacDonald's 
latest effort is "The Song of the Un- 
dertow," a realistic narrative of the 
author's experiences on a cattle boat. 

April, l'»22 



ibpring in Canada 


THE spirit of Canada's nor- 
thern Spring has never 
become emiiodied in words. 
It is too fierce, too remote and 
isolated from hnman experience 
to be caught by the gentle nets 
of traditional form which have 
sometimes been spread for its 
capture. And th'e men, like ran- 
gers and surveyors, who know it 
intimately, as part of their lives, 
have so far been those without 
the power of song. Paint has 
come nearer to it. One man, 
Thompson, has shown the break- 
ing up of winter in the northern 
wilds, stark and bared of human 
feeling, but he is one of very few, 
with brush or pen, who can see 
the advance of this season with 
neither French nor English mem- 

Through Western Europe 
Spring is a gracious and familiar 
goddess, keened and welcomed 
for hundreds of years. Every 
flower of her suite enfolds a 
poem. Lovers greet her as their 
own appointed deity. In her 
halting progress from Greece to 
Donegal, she finds •generation 
after generation worshipping her 
in the words their fathers sang. 
Her very buds are memories. 
The last dread war already haunts 
the English "bird among the rain- 
wet lilac," and no one in that land 
can stand upon a knoll of daffo- 
dils who hears not through their 
trumpets voices of his race. 

But when one of us, born in 
Canada, yet children of an older 
world's inheritance, stands beside 
a northern lake, where, still in 
April, bits of ice break restlessly 
against the shore, what share has 
he in its flux? All around him 
the woods and open spaces are 
shaking oft Winter's control. 
The boles of trees are black and 
wet, the snow deeply honey- 
combed. But although his whole 
body feels the excitement of the 
quivering light falling on the 
branches and knows the forest is 
being disrobed of her white 
clothing to lie bared beneath new 
life, he has not any words to 
frame a ritual that will draw 
these forces to himself and make 
hirn a partaker in this non- 
humanized world. 

It is true that Indian legends 
mav be unearthed from under 

many trees or beds of streams — 
they hang like a fringe across 
some falls — but they are not an 
unconscious possession from our 
childhood and must be translated 
for us later from an unknown 
tongue. Where generations of 
fisherfolk and settlers have made 
the Atlantic border thek own, 
certain songs have become inter- 
woven with the seasons, and 
there is a human tradition over 
the farms. In Acadian apple 
orchards, the rosy light on the 
bark in March, promise of the 
redder fruit is quick with the 
whisperings of byegone child- 
hoods. Quebec links its story to 
Indian lore, and the old stone 
houses of that province, with 
their sloping roofs, make the air 
familiar with the courtships of 
successive springs and the feast 
days of an ancient Church. But 
these are only patches on the edge 
of untamed lands. From east to 
west we have stamped the country 
with the material marks of our 
civilization, cities and towns and 
railways, but the drama of the 
seasons is still uncircled by our 

Does not every Winter return 
the land to savagery? Th'e winds 
and rains which come each year 
to break the bonds of frost find 
the earth the same as when 
Glooskap first lured Summer 
north to redeem it from its 
primal trance, and they waken it 
to the same sudden and unsung 
life. Even the last war, that gave 
the Canadian people history, has 
left no requiem in our wind. In 
Flanders fields the poppies sing 
forever of our dead, but the blue 
hepatica uncurls from beneath 
Ontario snows with no associa- 
tion beyond its own blossom and 

Winter is broken in Canada 
when before a starless dawn is 
first heard the murmur of rain on 
a pool, or under the moon of 
bright nights, comes the sound of 
a stream, formed by the melting 
snows, flowing through the dark. 
The patches of water which have 
glistened on the crusted surface 
of the snow for many moons are 
but transitory effects of the sun's 
hotter rays ; it is when night 
surrenders that winter's hold is 
loosed. There is the smell of 

wot bark and dripping pine 
needles, a new noise' in the pond 
of booming and cracking ice, a 
movement through the trees of 
air that is easily breathed. 

Although succeeding days bring 
storms and return of snow, the 
winds beat the flakes away from 
the bushes and the new, white 
drifts are pitted with holes and 
smeared by the rains and sun. 
Down the hills swollen rivulets 
tumble with their burden of 
thawed ice. Swathes of pale 
green and yellow water, which 
for some time, have been appear- 
ing on the tops of the still frozen 
lakeSj widen and ripple, and dark, 
open spaces near the shore show 
that the currents of inrushing 
brooks are cutting channels in 
the solid pack. When the larger 
rivers overflow they form bays, 
and groves of low-lying trees 
stand with their roots immersed. 
The whole country is under slush 
and water, except on the hard- 
wood slopes and heights where 
the sun dries up last year's 
leaves, steaming and aromatic. 
These are the days of the passage 
of winter, not yet the coming of 

Yet the sunsets seem very near. 
The warm, soft pinks and blues 
rest long against the smooth 
beech boles and on the ice-freed 
bays, the colors are no longer, 
as in Winter, distant spirit flames 
of green and amber, but pulsing 
like the hues of opening flowers, 
belonging as much to the earth- 
ways as to the heavenly paths. 
Noon skies are a full and almost 
blinding blue, and the frail ice- 
clouds drift away before great, 
unfrozen peaks, softly piled along 
the horizon. There is still not a 
sign of growth. The only prom- 
ise of its coming is down the hol- 
lows where the willow's brilliant 
yellow stems and dogwood's red 
shine in the black pools, and high 
and sweet as any bird of Spring, 
th'e note of the yellow-throated 
frog begins the chorus of the 

Then the colors which were of 
the sunset float about the tops 
of trees. The maples have an 
aura of red, the poplars green, 
and at the end of the white, 
black-knotted branches of the 
birch, the twigs flush to the dark 



April, 1922 

pink of a rose. Sap flows, now- 
fast, now slow, marking more 
plainly the stripes of the moose- 
woods and deepening the gold of 
the yellow birch. Over every 
clump of forest keeps hovering a 
glow of purple or pink. April's 
trill of running water is echoed in 
the burble of the song-sparrow, 
and the red-winged blackbirds 
chatter and sing in turn. 

All at once Spring descends. 
Already at the ragged edge of 
the retreating snow, the mauve 
and blue and white petals of the 
hepatica have pushed up from 
their nests of dead leaves, and the 
arbutus, most exotic in its excit- 
ing fragrance of all the early 
flowers, has lured the first bees 
to old stumps and roots of trees. 
But these are only forerunners of 
a procession of bloom. Suddenly 
the brown leaf-mould of the 
woods is covered with sharp, tiny 
spikes, half yellow, half green; 
then hosts of fawn lilies spring 
with startled grace from their 
speckled beds and stare down 
sunny slopes on yellow violets ; 
in the damper haunts squirrel- 
corn and spring beauties sway 
delicately on their stems, and the 
jacks-in-the-pulpit rise like crabs 
from th'e black marsh mud. A 
mist of buds falls on the earth, 
and through the quickening 
thicket, moist and fresh with 
nascent growth, quivering under 
the sun-haze, and alive to its 
tiniest twig, comes a sound that 
carries with it the very throb of 
the wakened woods, th'e beatin:^ 
of the partridge's drum. It is life 
that is being poured through the 
forest, hushed in the buds, riot- 
ous in the streams ; life, fierce and 
tremulous, stirring from the 
roots and enfolding every tree till 
the shadbush breaks into fea- 
thery bloom, and the sap mounts 
to the highest oak. It flutters 
with the maple seeds and hangs 
the catkin's tassels on the elms. 
So' fast the flowers come and go 
that only a few days sees them 
in their prime : petals of blood- 
roots fall beside clusters of blue 
violets, droves of white trilliums 
turn to pink in dying, and in the 
mountain woods painted trilliums 
open and drop almost within a 

After a night's rain, the brown 
earth disappears beneath a 
growth of filmy green, meadow- 
rue like columbine, uncurling 
fronds of ferns, interspersed with 
maple saplings, flaming like the 

Autumn. And with each hour of 
changing verdure there swings on 
the air fresh songs of birds, from 
the dawn praise of the song- 
sparrow to the night wail of the 
whip-poor-will, through a whole 
gamut of returning migrants, 
singly at first and tentatively, 
then in small chorus, till the 
whole forest quivers with their 
answering notes. The wild duck 
calls again on the lakes. 

There is still a little snow hidden 
between rocks when the starry 
buds begin to burst. The pink of 
sticky, half-opened leaves turns 
to green, and a veil of minute 
foliage hangs from tree to tree, 
broken by masses of plum and 
cherry blossoms, pink and white 
and odorously sweet. Xear the 
ground the underbrush grows 
dense and very tangled, and soon 
a swarm of buzzing insects rise 
from the long grasses and mount 
, guard over the woods. In the 
green depths an orchid blooms ; 
the excitement of Spring melts to 
Summer in the melody of the her- 
mit thrush. 

Before such a rush of spon- 
taneous growth, it were foolish 
to recite "a pretty ring time." 
Autumn is the mating season for 
most of the forest creatures : only 
the birds and insects seek each 
other in the quick days of Spring. 

Romance and sentiment are not 
an inseparable quality of the 
northern April and May, and 
there is no association of young 
lovers in the unnurtured woods, 
white with both snow and tril- 
liums in the one month. It is 
sheer physical life which meets 
us, new and earthy, surging 
through each wild vein of earth 
and sk)-. It intensifies our every 
sense, sight and smell and hear- 
ing, but brings no made image 
of thought to our brain. Like a 
flame of creation it passes before 
our eyes, burns memory from our 
souls, and leaves us rapt and 

Perhaps this is the reason liter- 
ature has failed to catch the 
northern Spring. In spite of our 
birth we remain strangers to it 
and onlookers ; like the early dis- 
coverers, we are still shaken with 
wonder at a force which turns 
ice-piled river beds to rapid 
streams, and, in a night, brings 
the amazement of flowers. And 
having no song bequeathed to us, 
to voice our awe, we go silently 
when we enter the woods, and 
find content in little things. We 
fish and build camp fires. It may 
be that through their smoke, bet- 
ter than through any incantation 
of words; we find for ourselves 
the spirit of Spring. 

Good Talking Points 

THE owner of a bookstore in 
a Massachusetts city is a 
firm believer in good adver- 
tising, but realizes that most 
business men need assistance if 
they look after their own publicity 
work. He realizes that a lot of 
people can furnish good material 
even though they know little or 
nothing about advertising. 

Every three months this busi- 
ness man offers a half-dozen 
prizes of money and books total- 
ing in all about $15 to his cus- 
tomers for the best statement re- 
garding the books they like that 
are written by the leading writ- 
ers. The works to be covered are 
limited to those of ten writers 
whose books form the bulk of the 
fiction sales in his store. 

From the friendly critics who 
are in most part strong admirers 
of the authors, the business man 
secures some fine advertising 

material which he uses in adver- 
tising his goods for the next three 
months. Each contestant tells of 
the good points he has noticed 
and all these put together make 
some very strong arguments for 
the reading of the author's works. 

When a new book by one of the 
ten authors is announced, the 
book dealer has some fresh sell- 
ing point to unload and few are 
the readers who can resist the 
various attractions that they are 
assured may be found in all the 
works of these authors. 

While the dealer himself could 
list perhaps a dozen features of a 
book that appeals to him, the con- 
testants can name as many as 
fifty between them, and all these 
set forward at regular intervals 
in his advertising seem bound to 
attract the readers that hesitate 
about buying. — T. F. IMoriarty in 

April. iy_'2 



Where to Buy Books 

Wl 1 ^' should luiybody any- 
wliere have to wonder 
where to buy books? Isn't 
it about time for the bookstores to 
more con\incing;ly impress their 
existence on the public? 

As one of a series of regular 
contributions to the Associated 
Newspapers, the following by a 
Canadian writer, H. Addinoton 
Bruce, appeared under the title of 
"Where to Buy Books." 

"In common with all writers 
who have occasion from time to 
time to refer to or quote from cur- 
rent literature, the question is re- 
peatedly put to me, 'Where can I 
buy such-and-such a book?" The 
fact that such a question has to be 
put is evidence, not so much of a 
singular lack of knowledge on the 
part of the questioner, as of failure 
by publishers and book dealers 
properly to instruct the general 
public as regards places where 
books may be sought. 

To-day. to be sure, this is made 
the subject of not a little educa- 
live campaigning by both pub- 
lishers and book dealers. 

But it is campaigning which 
should have been undertaken long 
ago. It would have meant a far 
larger book-reading and book- 
studying public to-day. And 
evervbody to-day. without having 
to ask questions, would go to book 
stores to buy books just as every- 
body, without having to ask ques- 
tions, goes to grocery stores to 
buy clothes. 

Unfortunately, it is true, most 
\-illages and even many towns of 
considerable size are without book 
stores. But in these villages and 
towns there frequently is some 
general store where books are for 

Occasional advertising to the ef- 
fect that books are to be bought in 
these stores, and that orders will 
be taken for books not in stock, 
would soon familiarize the local 
public with the fact that book- 
buying may be done as readily as 
the buying of hats or shoes. 

Similarly, in all large cities there 
not only are book stores, there 
also are book sections in nearly all 
the principal department stores. 
Systematic effort to inform the 
public that these stores carry 
books as well as general merchan- 
dise misrht advantageouslv he 


made through newspaper adver- 
tising; perhaps also by cards sent 
to customers, notices printed on 
monthly liills, etc. 

But now suppose that one lives 
where there are neither hook 
stores nor department stores ? 

In that case the best way to buy 
a book is to order it direct from 
its publisher. And if its pub- 
lisher's name and address are un- 
known? Then, indeed, a letter of 
inquiry addressed to some one 
likely to be able to give the de- 
sired information will have to be 
written — unless that information 
can be obtained in the nearest 
public library, as should be the 

Most decidedly, however, dwell- 
ers in cities and large towns 
should never feel obliged to ask. 
"Where can I buy this book that 
I want to buy?" They should 
know that any book store or book- 
carrying department store has it 
or can procure it for them. 

And some day. it is to be hoped, 
such knowledge will be made uni- 
versal, to the mutual benefit of 
those who have books to sell and 
those who desire to possess 

Lucretia Lombard. 

Another story of love and sac- 
rifice in keeping with the same 
author's previous fine novels, is 
"Lucretia Lombard." by Kathleen 
Xorris, in which a dramatic cul- 
mination of forces both human 
and those of furious nature aflame, 
lead to a climax that for tensity 
ranks with the very best work 
she has done. The background 
of this new novel is a little town 
between Boston and Xew York. 

It is a story which booksellers 
can get behind with enthusiasm in 
the full assurance that it will 
stronglv appeal to all who enjoy 
well-told tales of this type. 

New Medium for Stories. 

A rather unusual medium for 
presenting a story with a purpose 
is that adopted by Marshall Saun- 
ders, author of "Beautiful Joe." 
at the request of the Toronto Hu- 
mane Society, through the instru- 
mentality of Warwick Bros, and 
Rutter. The latter firm, in its 
series of Imperial school practice 

book covers, has one with a pic- 
ture of a large dog and a boy, the 
dog bearing a "for sale" tag. The 
story in connection with this i)ic- 
ture is j)rinted on the back cover, 
and is a delightful little story in 
which the faithful dog is the 
means of bringing reward to its 
young master. 

A Real Humorist. 

A good idea in promoting sales 
of Harry Leon Wilson's new 
humorous story, "Merton of the 
Movies." was suggested by one 
bookseller who expressed his in- 
tention of putting in a Wilson 
window featuring the new book 
of course, but showing also his 
previous books, thus putting to 
work the "plus system" in book- 
selling. Harry Leon A\'ilson in 
"Bunker Bean." "Ruggles of Red 
Gap." and his later books, earned 
a tribute from the late William 
Dean Howells who described him 
as "one of our greatest humor- 
ists." and this opinion is widely 
held. It was he strengthened 
by the genuine humor that char- 
acterizes "Merton of the ^^lovies." 
relating the experiences of a small 
town general store clerk who goes 

The Sieve. 

.\lthough concerned primarily 
with LT.S. immigration, the simi- 
lar conditions applying to Canada 
make "The Sieve, or Revelations 
of the Man Mill," a book of sig- 
nificant interest to Canadian 
students of politics and sociology. 
The author is Feri Felix Weiss 
and the publishers are The Page 
Co.. Boston. 

For thirteen years Mr. Weiss 
served as L^. S. Immigration and 
Chinese Inspector at the port of 
Boston, and during the war as 
special agent of the Bureau of In- 
vestigation. U. S. Department of 
Justice. He is widely known as 
a lecturer, linguist and authority 
on immigration and in his timely 
revelations of "the man mill' he 
gives his readers au authentic 
glimpse of the real facts and 
secret forces behind the immigra- 
tion problem. 



April, 1922 

Charlie Chaplin's dooj 



AN interesting event in the 
book trade this season was 
the appearance of a book of 
such merchandising potentiaHties 
as Charlie Chaplin's "My Trip 
Abroad." It is significant that 
the movements of this "King of 
the Movies," even ofif the screen, 
command such universal attention 
that when Charlie was across the 
briny, the cables had to be pressed 
into service so that the newspapers 
on this side might be enalded 
to promptly satisfy the voracious 
appetite of his Nprth American 
public with long accounts of what 
their idol was doing over there ; 
all of which serves to indicate the 
selling possibilities of this book, 
which is a fast-moving narrative 
of the screen comedian's trip to 
England and the continent, where 
he was mobbed and cheered every- 
where, overwhelmed by demon- 
stration and invitation, being lit- 
erally swept off his feet. Interest 
is added by the fact that there are 
descriptions of week-ends with 
such celebrities as H. G. Wells 
and Sir James Barrie. 

Like Charlie Chaplin himself 
there is a great fund of human 
interest in this book. The illus- 
trations are moat engaging in 
their unvarying devotion to cheer- 
ful associations and appeals to the 
risibilities of the reader. 

A natural inquisitiveness as to 
Charlie Chaplin's birthplace and 
something about the surroundings 
of his childhood are afforded in 
the chapter devoted to "The 
Haunts of My Childhood," in Ken- 
sington, London. 

The accounts of interviews with 
celebrities in London, Paris and 

Berlin, and the incidental expres- 
sion of his own views and opinions 
of people and world affairs, pro- 
vide most readable side-lights on 
the real Charlie Chaplin and as 
such are genuinely interesting not 
only to his devotees, whose name 
is legion, but also to other people 
who must at least give place in 

Charlie Loves Dogs. 

their minds to the niche in the 
hall of fame which Charlie Chap- 
lin has attained. 

Carlyle R. Robinson has recent- 
Iv interviewed Charlie Chaplin at 
Hollywood and is authority for 
the report that the comedian has 
a penchant for walking the Can- 
adian Rockies. 

"I wouldn't be at all surprised 
to find Charlie hard at work on a 

book about Canada about this 
time next year. He has become 
greatly interested in literary work 
because of the success of his 
initial effort, "My Trip Abroad," 
and all his spare time is being 
given over to the pen. 

Charlie told me that he intend- 
ed doing a picture in Canada be- 
fore very long. In fact he would 
have planted himself somewhere 
among the Rockies years ago and 
turned his attention to a big out- 
door stor}-, had he been doing a 
different character of work. He 
explained that there was not much 
chance for a comedian, limited to 
a two-reel subject, to go ahead 
with a big project and that is 
what held him back. 

But the da3's of two-reel com- 
edies for Chaplin are near to an 
end. One more picture of the 
short length and then he will be 
an independent producer to go 
ahead and do as he desires. That 
is the day that wdll find Charlie 
walking all over the Canadian 

'Within the next three months 
Chaplin will have fulfilled his con- 
tract with the distributing organi- 
zation that now 4iave the call on 
his work. Then he will abandon 
the short subject field for ever. 
No, he is not going to stop pro- 
ducing comedy, but he is going to 
make a different character of 
comedy. Sort of mix it up 
with pathos and maybe tragedy. 
Something along the lines of what 
he did in his great picture, "The 

Canadian Book Trade's Golden Era 


Eayrs, of The Macmillan Co., 
of Canada, is authority for the 
statement that in 1917 the number 
of Canadian works published was 
26. in 1918 43, in 1919 70, in 1920 
about 200, and in 1921 about 
400. This represents remarkable 

The market for any Canadian 
book circulated in Canada alone is 
very limited. An edition of 20.000 

or 30,000 is regarded as being very 
successful, while best sellers in the 
United States may go to a million 
or more copies. The Canadian 
Authors' Week, held last Novem- 
i:)er, stirred up latent interest in. 
Ijook writing, especially fiction 
work, and the addresses of various 
authors to clubs and social organ- 
izations were most stimulating. 
The offer of a special prize of 
$2,500 for the best book of fiction 

by a Canadian author, dealing, 
preferably, with a Canadian topic. 
has set many of the members of 
the Canadian Authors Associa- 
tion to work. The standard of 
Canadian literary production is 
relatively good, but irrespective of 
successful production of works 
that will class with the best writ- 
ings of English or L^nited .States 
iLuthors, is the develoimient of the 

April. 1922 

spirit of competition, keen criti- 
cism and literary taste in t anada. 

How Booksellers Are Affected. 

Booksellers have good reason to 
take heart as to the prospects of 
better conditions in the retail book 
trade as indicated by the statistics 
given in the foregoing, together 
with the remarkable increase in 
interest and demand for books by 
Canadians or about Canada that 
has been awakened in the public 
by the active national propaganda 
of the Canadian Authors Associa- 
tion and of the Associated Cana- 
dian Publishers, especially in the 
practical lift for booksellers repre- 
sented by the elaborately planned 
and widely advertised Canadian 
Authors' A\'eek, Children's Book 
AA'eek and such subsequent events 
as Religious Book Week, held 
this month. 

If all the retail booksellers in 
Canada would only realize to the 
full the agencies that are at work 
in their behalf the golden era of 
bookselling in this country would 
in truth be "just around the cor- 
ner" — Providence helps those who 
help themselves. 



Mr. Edelstein's **Canadian Lyrics 


MR. Hyman Edelstein has 
issued a second edition of 
his volume of "Canadian 
Lj'rics and Other Poems," the first 
edition o»f which has been referred 
to several times in these columns. 
The new volamc contains several 
fresh poems. Mr. Edelstein is an 
exceptionally intere.'^tiner figure in 
the now rather numerous group of 
Canadian versifiers. Indeed, his 
presence in that group, and the ex- 
tent to which he feels at home 
there, is a striking indication of 
what may be expected of Canadian 
literature in the way of cosmopoli- 
tanism when the racial mixture 
now in progress in almost all parts 
of our eountrj' develops its full ef- 
fects. For Mr. Edelstein is not a 
Jew engaged in tlie writing ot lit- 
erature for Gentiles, and accommo- 
dating his facile pen to their re- 
quirements. Nearly half of his 
work is directed straight to his co- 
religionists in Canada, and it is not 
a little remarkable that he should 
be 'able to make these verses pro- 
duce an effect upon the minds of 
those who know little of the essence 
of Judaism. 

In addition to the preface to the 
first edition, written bv Prof. J. A. 

Dale, the present volume includes 
a foreword by Dr. W. D. Lighthall : 
so that Mr. Edelstein can boast of 
entering the lists adorned with the 
tokens of sympathy and approval 
bestowed by representatives of the 
best English culture and the best 
Canadian culture in this countrj'. 
The little volume is issued by the 
Belles-Lettres Publishers, Mont- 

British Columbia is surely get- 
ting its share of publicity in novels 
these days. Two or three of the 
.Spring Lists of Canadian Pub- 
lishers have more than casual ref- 
erence, to our Pacific province. 
One of these. Bertrand W. Sin- 
clair's "Hidden Places," is set 
practically in entirety in A'ancou- 
ver and among the forests of Nor- 
thern British Columbia. This, fol- 
lowing the same author's "Poor 
Man's Rock," of two years ago. 
should be incidentally- making the 
scenic possibilities as well as the 
industrial conditions of British 
Colunil^ia. pretty well known. 



take great pleasure in announcing that on 

MAY 1st 

they will 





A Complete Stock of their publications will be 

kept on hand at all times and every effort will be 

made to have the requirements of the Trade 

satisfactorily met. 



April. 1922 

Spoon River Muddies 


OF the excessive badness of 
Edgar Lee Masters' new 
volume of poems, "The Open 
Sea" (^lacniillan. Toronto) there 
can be no doubt. There may be 
a few appraisers who mistake a 
big programme for a great con- 
ception, an awkward and breath- 
less awareness of things for 
vitality, and an unleashed rush of 
words for the flow of fire, and 
who, so confounding crude inten- 
tion with the rapid and exquisite 
deliberateness of art at work, 
find it no grotesque thing to 
speak of poetry here. One hopes 
such readers are few. One hopes 
it for the sake of the American 
Poetic Renaissance, now so well 
understood to be. 

^Ir. Masters never claimed to 
be a nice chiseler, but the head- 
stones of Spoon River were hack- 
ed out with an economy and with 
a ferocity that fairly entitled 
them to be classified as a new 
kind of sculpture. We were even 
willing to call them poems if we 
might in this way gain aesthetic 
carte blanche to give ourselves a 
lugubrious holiday. Somehow it 
seemed a healthful and invigorat- 
ing thing to do to take a day off 
for a visit to ]\Ir. Masters' 
cemetery, sprawl on our bellies, 
and peer into the inscriptions of 
its headstones. Having sensed in 
an unwonted synthesis the chuck- 
ling delight of overhearing kitchen 
gossip and the more aristocratic 
pleasure of watching the anato- 
mist demonstrate on the human 
carcass, we found ourselves en- 
tertained and purged. We vaguely 
remembered our Aristotle and 
crowned Mr. Masters poet 

Mr. Masters had every reason 
to infer that he had achieved a 
notable volume. And he immedi- 
ately set about the practicallv 
inevitable business of following- 
up his achievement with a series 
of undistinguished collecting, 
packed with all manner of juve- 
nilities, screaming with a rhetoric 
sadly unhumorous. displaying in 
ever clearer outlines the spirit of 
a man at once stridently in revolt 
and not deeply dissatisfied with 
the imitations of his soul and of 
his environment. His incisive- 
ness did not go lost at once, but 

with each volume Mr. Masters 
seemed to be progressively losing 
himself in a slough, out of ear- 
shot of the cleaner-cut. alerter 
poetry which is quietly raising its 
voice in America. The word 
ceased to interest him, the rush 
of feeling seemed sufficient war- 
rant in itself for what expression 
it momentarily shaped itself into. 
All the while Mr. Masters was 
forgetting the cruel truth that 
banality comports well with the 
red-hottest feeling. Had he had 
the incredible restraint to leave 
the "Spoon River Anthology" 
without a successor, Mr. Masters 
would now be fresh in our 
memories, as the author of the 
lone "Shropshire Lad" still is. As 
it is, the later Masters is almost 
forcing us to forget our early, 
spontaneous acceptance of his 
bitter gift. He insists on becom- 
ing "vieux jeu." 

It is well nigh a pity to have to 
quote from "The Open Sea," yet 
such harsh criticism as we 
have ventured needs justification. 
There is in this book sheer, dead 
ugliness of phrase, as in : 
The Queen and Antony 
Had joined the Inimitable Livers, now 

they joined 
The Diers Together, 

He's fifty-six, and knows the human 

Sees man as body hiding a canal 
For passing food along, a little brain 
That watches, loves, attends the said 

canal. * 

There are yard-lengths of inferior 
journalistic prose cut up into 
line lengths of "blank verse." 
Let one passag'e suffice: 

Few years are left in which he may 

His democratic ideas, for he sought 
Xo gain in power, but chance to do his 

Fulfill his genius. AVell, he takes the 

And breaks its aristocracy, then frees 
The groaning debtors; reduces the 

Of stifled Italy, founds colonies, 
Helps agriculture, executes the laws. 
Crime skulks before him, luxury he 

The franchise is enlarged, he codifies 
The Roman laws, and founds a money 

system ; 
Collects a library', and takes a census; 
Reforms the calendar, and thus bestrode 
The world with work accomplished. 

Had not Mr. Masters bethought 
himself of the hoary privilege of 

inversion ("luxury he checks"), 
we should not have guessed that 
this was indeed poetry. The life- 

lessness of many of the lines is 
appalling, for example : 

I step from my door to a step, and 
from that right into the street, 

or : 

So he brought the disciples to John 

and the two of them led 
To the cell where he sat, and John to 

the two of them said, 

or : 

Vm surprised. 
I know more mathematics than they 

And more of everything. I thought 

an officer 
Was educated. Well, I am surprised. 

And so afe we. ilr. blasters is 

almost too good to be true when 
he waxes indignant. It is down- 
right malice to quote from "A 
Republic," which the author him- 
self, one hopes, regrets having 
failed to throw into the waste- 
basket immediately after com- 
position (possibly Mr. Masters 
does not know that this is a 
favorite pastime with nearly all 
his fellow-poets), yet it is hard 
to resist the last two lines : 
A giantess growing huger, duller of 

Her gland pituitary being lost. 

and all because the wretched re- 
public voted dry. 

Like Shakespeare. Mr. Masters 
does not mince in matters of his- 
torical appropriateness. At the 
Mermaid Tavern they talk of the 
"working class" of Caesar's day 
and do not hesitate to use the 
psychological jargon of our time 
("reaction") ; Marat is referred 
to as a "nihilist." Such anachron- 
isms are due to the carelessness 
of ignorance or genius. Were 
the literary wcirkmanship of the 
book not so fantastically below 
all thinkable aesthetic standards, 
it might have been of some in- 
terest to consider ^Ir. Masters' 
historical themes — the conception 
i)f Brutus-Charlotte Corday- 
Rooth (mistaken tyrannicide) vs. 
Caesar-Marat-Lincoln (saviour 
of the people) or the moderniza- 
tions of New Testament episodes. 
But it is useless to discuss the 
conceptions or philosophy of a 
book which can hardly be said to 
exist. An unembodied conception 
is, in art, no conception at all. 
(Continued on page 140) 


April. l'>22 

(•A.\ADIA.\ ]i()()l\MA\ 


1 Marjorie PicJit hall's 
First Novel a Story 
Of Exceptional Power 

"Tlio IJrldKf." n story of the (ireat 
1 I.iiUvk: hy .M. I.. ('. I'Ickthall. .Mriwra 

i llod<t*T anil SloURhtoii, Toronto. 

[ It is Miiel.v that expectation In regard ] 

to a first novel is realised. Either It 
1 lm« been raised too hljjli or else it lias [ 
] talten tlie wrong direction. The previous 
literary achievement of Miss Marjorie i 
Ij. C. Fickthall has not been of such a 
nature as to nive any real index to her 
ability to write a novel of dislincllon. 
Yet, on so hitjii a literary plane has her j 
\er3e ridiltn. :ind of sucii iniaeinative 
beauty has lier dramatic achievement 
been woven, that there was at least 
gi'ound to anticipate she would accom- 
plish eomething removed from the rou- 
tine, distinct and apart from the con- 
ventional, characterized by some out- 1 
standing qviality. 

"The Bridge" is her first novel, and I 
for a first novel, of greater distinction I 
you will have to go back more years 
than you rnn\' care to coimt. I say 
without lusitalion that it is the best 
first novel from the pen of any author 
In Canada that It has been my good for- 
time to read. It Is maiked by literary 
qualities of unusually high standard. It 
is instinct witli imagination. It Is col- 
ored by poetic conception and poetic vi- 
sion, and it literally radiates atmos- 
phere. But tliere is in no direction any 
obvious effort. Over all lies the illusion 
of spontaneity. Moreover, the whole 
book is inspired by a passionate sincer- 
ity, and contains studies in character, 
sentiment, and emotion that are »"ich In 
suggestloii ani'i in dramatic forcq 

Miss Plckthall has been fortunate in 
her choice of theme, — or rather happy in 
her origination of a theme, for it bears 
the stamp of originality. A builder of 
bridges, Macleai-. has attempted to save 
on a contract by shortening the founda- 
tions of the centre span. The bridge 
collapses. His brother is among the [ 
dead. His sister-in-law pays him a visit 
and asks for the truth, which he tells 
her. Half-distraught by the terror ofl 
the thing he has brought about, he seeks [ 
to end all by drowning, but is saved by I 
a pickpocket. He seeks surcease from 
sorrow In a lonely island up the lake, 
but even here his sin is with him. In a 
storm he crosses the island and on the 
farther side he meets a woman to whom : 
he runs In almost childlike terror for 
comfort. 1 

The dawning of love between these two | 
is depicted by Mi.=!s Plckthall with an 1 
artistry, a delicacy, and an intuition 
that command admiration. In the girl's 
love the man feels he is regaining his 
old grip. He can face the world again. 
So. when his pai-tner comes with the 
news that the expected inquiry into *he 
disaster has been quashed, but that lie — 
the partner — to leave the firm, 
Maclear believes he can get along alone, 

; so confident does he feel in the strengtli 
and inspiration of this new and wondtr- 

I ful love. 

1 But tragedy Is close at hand, — a trag- 
edy that affects the vivid imagination 
of the girl-wife, Sombra, to the extent 
of impelling lier to believe she Is im- 
worthy of Maclear and that she can 
help him by le.aving him. How the man. 
■ ut to the test again, stands by patient- 
ly, endures, and comes through great 
tribulation to a realizaticn of his burden 
and the courage to face it in hmnility. is 
told by Miss Plckthall with a dramatic 
strength and a vividness, yet with the 
exercise of an admirable reserve, that 
make the climax memorable indeed. 

There are few characters. Maclear. the 
bridge-buildei': Moira, lils sister-in-law: 
Raynham, his loyal partner: Rombra, 
and Salvator her brother, and the old 
blind man. Malt, — the latter a tragedy 
In himself. Rut with this handful Miss 
Plckthall juggles the playthings of Fate 
until the whole world of their creation 
seems upset and all their dreams crash- 
ed into nothingness. The trlimiph of 
love, the strength of love, the sustaining 
power of love, the sacrificial qualities of 

Never before has ^^Z^ 
a Canadian Novel j " '^"'^ <^"'^'^"' 

By Clhristine Orr 

fllllaClCQ SUCI1| ..j^g^g Curlew" the wonderful new 

novel by Christine Orr, author of "The 

world-wide atten- 1 s^^^Xn""''"''' '"''' """'^ '"' 


tion as 


This is what Canada's out- 
standing reviewer thinks of it 



Publishers TORONTO 

love — these are the variations of a theme 
around which she weaves such a glam- 
our of romance as stays with us long 
after the printed page has been set 

* * * 
1 There is no lack of certainty In her 
characterizations. They are authorl- 
1 tatlve. clear, vivid, and emotionally 
strong. In Sombra. the girl, we have a 
heroine, whose character fascinates 
from the first, and whose innate purity 
of mind and soul we are made to feel 
is a very beautiful, very sacred thing. 
The gradual emancipation of Maclear 
from the bonds of a moral cowardice 
that held him thrall is finely revealed. 
So is the tragedy that clouds the mind 
of the old man Mait. and so is the splen 
did single-minded devotion of the boy. 

In scenic coloring, the tale is beauti- 
ful. N'othing is overdone. Miss Plck- 
thall can get very close to nature, and 
she possesses also the rare faculty of 
taking her audience with her and ad- 
mitting them into her intimacy. There 
is beautv. tragedy, dranja. romance, and 
the loveliness of- lite in this tale. Here 
and there a sindle may be slightly over- 
drawn, but that Is a very minor fault. 
; In all essentials it Is more than ."itrong. 
I do not believe I am indulging in too 
great optimism when I ventui-e to ex- 
press the belief that this book will prove 
I but the forerunner of a series of not- 
I able Canadian novels from Miss Pick- 
thall's gifted pen. It is a book not a 
few experienced no\ elists wrio have won 
I fame would be proud to have written 
' Those of us who have watched Miss 
I Pickthall's work develop are proud and 
^lad that she has written It. S.M.P. 

\ S. Morgan Powell 

^in The Montreal Star 


"Whenever in future I sec a new book by 

i Miss Christine Orr, I intend to get poss^ion 

: of it at once, by fair or other means, lor Kate 

Curlew' is a treasure ... as fresh and 

I keen and inviRorating to read about as are 

the windy northern days which Miss Orr 

has so good a Rift for describing. . • . • 1 

certainly had not expected to meet with a 

modern novel quite of its peculiar quality, 

! and now I shall hope for more. 


"It is impossible not to think of Stevenson 

while reading Christine Orr's glorious novel. 

, -Kate Curlew.' Only Stevenson could have 

I written its equal, and even he could not have 

I bettered some bits in it where the pathos is 

as beautiful as muirland in the gathering miirk. 

I have spun out my reading of it, absorbing 

■ s'owly the amazing beauty of the thing. . . 

, What both attracted me and almost dazea 

' me with the surprise and delight ol it was 

the discoverv at the very outset that here 

was a writer' of the Stevenson order. Would 

that Henley had been alive and running tlie 

•Scots Observer.' What a review he would 

have given of 'Kate Curlew' with its caller 

genius." — " Dundee Advertiser." 

Author of "Greenmantle," etc. 
"Will you allow me to say how greatly I 
admire 'Kate Curlew'? . . -The whole 
• conception is admirable, and the drama works 
out naturally and inevitably from the charac- 
ters . You can tell a story, too, and 
the narrative moves with the proper briskness. 
But you have also got something which lew 
modern novelists possess— a really fine style. 
\ouT Scots is the true, classic, metro- 
politan thing, and your English is a delight 
You have a gift of reproducing the nuances 
of weather and scenery and interweaving 
I them with your drama. ... 1 *°" ° 
like, as a fclow-craftsman, to congratulatL 
you most sincerely upon a beautiful anci 
distinguished book." 

"Miss Christine Orr is entitled to many 
congratulations on her powerful new novel. 
'Kate Curlew.' . . • This is a book which 
should have a wide appeal ■ ■ • '° ^" 
who like their romances strengthened by rude 
adventure and pulsating life. — Edmburgh 
Evening News." 

Author of ••The Setons," "Penny plain, " 
" I have just finished reading 'Kate Curlew/ 
It has impressed me immensely. I ain amazed 
at the writing in it. the beauty of the anguage. 
the color, the style. .... I l9^«.'!^'^ 
description of a June in Scotland. Miss 
Eupham Veitch is a great creation . . . 
In fact everything that Miss Eupham says 
is delicious. Kate Curlew herself is charm- 
ing There is so much life and color and charm 
al5)ut her. I should think the bwk will be a 
veri' great success, and I take off my hat to 
Christine Orr." 


"The love story is most sweet and winsome, 
and the brave struggle which Kate waged 
against her love for her sister s ^hghted lover 
is skilfully and beautifully done. 

"The truth and force and vividness of 
coloring with which Miss Orr conveys to her 
pages the scenery and atmosphere ot the 
I Pentland country, and the traits and speech 
I of the dwellers, gentle and simple, in and 
around it a century ago." 
j "Eupham Veitch is a delightful presenta- 
tion of the old Scots maiden lady." 



April, 1922 

The Great White Borzoi 


ONE of the most interesting 
earl}'-year announcements of 
1922 IS that the Macmillan 
Company of Canada, Limited, is 
handling in Canada the publica- 
tions of Alfred A. Knopf. There 
could not be a happier combina- 
tion. Borzoi publications are now 
in ideal hands in Canada. 

The success of Alfred A. Knopf, 
a success which, in the six and a 
half years which have elapsed 
since the foundation of the Borzoi 
Press, has placed him among the 
first publishers of the world, has 
not been an accident. It is a suc- 
cess founded on sound business 
principles, excellent taste, and an 
almost demoniac enthusiasm. Fur- 
thermore, it is a success founded 
on the working-out of a novel 
idea, novel, at least, m the pvib- 
lishing business. From the very 
beginning, Knopf has sought co- 
operation from his authors, iu\ging 
them not only to talk about their 
own books, but also about the 
works of other wriiers. Thus, his 
establishment has grown to have 
a patriarchal aspect, and has even 
assumed a social air. His authors 
are his friends ; they are each 
other's friends. Not only does he 
accept suggestions from any of 
these, he actually solicits them. 
The result is that he has been alilc 
in an incredibly brief period to ])nt 
his business on a basis almost un- 
heard of, even in these days of 
mushroom growths. And the 
Borzoi is no mushroom ! 

He began modestly enough in 
one room with one stenographer. 
His sole asset at this period, so 
far as I have been able to gather, 
was the promise of a novel from 
Joseph Hergesheimer, who had 
published his first two still-born 
books with Knopf's former em- 
ployer, Mitchell Kennerley. Al- 
most immediately, his business 
warranted a considerable expan- 
sion, and now scarcely any six 
months passes by without the ad- 
dition of further rooms and clerks. 

From the beginning he has been 
interested in foreign translations, 
especially from the Russian, a lit- 
erature in which the trademark of 
his firm, the Borzoi, betrays his 
special interest. This interest has 
grown and has spread to cover the 
important literatures of all Eu- 

rope. He has also succeeded in 
surrounding himself with as 
promising a group of young 
Americans as can be found under 
any publisher's banner. Indeed, 
at least two of his authors would 
be included in any list, however 
short, of the most distinguished 
contemporary' American writers 
of fiction. 

The events of his career are 
simple and undramatic. He was 
born September 12. 1892. He was 
graduated from the Mackenzie 
School in 1908. He took an A.B. 
degree at Columbia in 1912, and 

Mr. Alfred Knopf 

then went to Europe. Returning, 
he was employed by Doubleday, 
Page & Companv froni the fall 
of 1912 to March; 1914, and from 
March, 1914, to May, 1915, he was 
employed by ]\Iitchell Kennerley. 
He married Blanche W'oU in 19l'6. 
The Borzoi was founded in the 
summer of 1915, and the first hook 
was issued September, 1915. 

In appearance I have always 
thought that Knopf resembled a 
Persian Prince. He certainly does 
not look American. He has a fond- 
ness for color which is indicated 
b}- his love for fine bindings. His 
publications, indeed, in their de- 
corative aspects, have revolution- 
ized book-making in America and 
have made of it something of an 
art. They have inspired other 
pulilishers to imitations, flattering 

even when they have not been en- 
tirely successful. Knopf is direct, 
clear-sighted, enthusiastic, almost 
brutally frank, even with his best 
friends, and scrupulously honest. 
He has few friends outside his list 
of authors and few interests out- 
side his work. His one entirely 
extraneous interest lies in music, 
and he rarely misses an important 
concert or recital. 



A correspondent asks us for the 
address of the poet whose name or 
pen-name is "Ali.x Tliorn," and whose 
obviously Canadian lines entitled 
"Daughter of the Land" appeared not 
long ago in the New York Sun. If any 
reader can give us the information we 
shall be grateful. The lines in question 
are as follows : 

I knew Cape Breton's fir-clad slopes 

When but a little maid ; 
I sailed her waters deep and clear 

Wide-eyed and unafraid: 
I chnibed her upland meadows oft 

For glimpse of circling sea, 
And oh, her flush of sunset still 

Is on the cheek of me. 

Nor can a wanderer forget 

Though swift the years rolfby; 
I tell my children wondrous tales 

Of mountains, sand and sky. 
Some day we'll find the land I love — 

How strange this thing should be — 
Cape Breton's sunset flush that glows 

Upon the cheek of me. 

With Longmans, Green & Co. 

Mr. R. S. Melvin, who has had 
experience with the educational 
book department of the Mac- 
millan Co., and subsequently with 
McClelland & Stewart, is now 
associated with Mr. T. F. Pike in 
the newly established Canadian 
branch of Longmans, Green & 
Co., located at 210 Victoria St., 
Toronto. Mr. Melvin is well 
known to the booksellers, especi- 
ally throughout Ontario, and is a 
well-posted bookman. 

Bookstore Humor. 

Customer — "I want to buy a 
boy a book. He's a high school 

Bookseller — "How about Field- 

Customer — "Got one on base- 

.\l>ril, 1922 


'Macmillans Present 

Children of the Market Place 

By Edgar Lee Masters 


"This remarkable book is above everything else a study of Lincoln and 
Douglas, and as such it is not only able and fascinating, but strangely 
timely ... A picture humanly attractive and far-reachingly instructive." 

— Edwin Bjorkman in the New York Herald 


The Veneerings. 


He turns to a further revelation of the lives of Hamilton Veneer- 
ing and his children, who first lived in the pages of Dickens' 
"Our Mutual Friend." He presents them as the chief actors 
in a storj' of shady and legitimate finance, and of the policies 
of the Edwardian period from 1901 to 1910. $2.00 

The Prisoners of Hartling. 


"Exquisite artistry- — a succession of delicate strokes that sug- 
gest with extraordinary nicety the personalities and emotions 
he tries to evoke." — .Ainy Loveman in "The Literary Review." 


The Life and Death of Harriet Frean. 


May Sinclair admittedly knows the heart and mind of woman. 
and in "Harriet Frean" she has given us an intimate study of 
a sensitive woman's reactions to life — a frank handling of a 
difficult subject, presented with all the keen clarity of her 
genius. $1.35 

The House of Rimmon. 


An engrossing novel of New York's literar\' and dramatic circles. 
The reader follows Cleve through his apprenticeship of life as 
soldier, bartender, and odd man in a hotel, until a successful 
author discovers him, and introduces him to those who can 
help him on the road to recognition. $2.00 

The Scarlet Tanager. 


Plotters and coimter-plotters, secret service men and anarchists 
rush rapidly through the pages of this book, whose chief feminine 
character bears the name of "The Scarlet Tanager." $1.75 

14,000 Miles Through the Air. 


This is the story of the first flight made by aeroplane from Eng- 
land to Australia, told in simple, straightforward style by the 
man who commanded the plane. $3.50 

The Study of American History. 


The subject matter covers the Revolutionarj' and Civil Wars, 
the constitutional powers of the President and Senate, the 
influence of immigration upon the American character, and the 
.American achievement of personal liberty. $1.50 

Will Shakespeare. 


This treatment of an Elizabethan subject is a return to the 
play-WTiting of Stephen Phillips, with bursts of music and fancy 
not unworthy of an Elizabethan author. $2.00 

Songs From the Glens of Antrim and More 
Songs From the Glens of Antrim. 
By MOIRA O'NEILL. Two volumes in one. 

Miss O'Neill has written a new book — "More Songs From the 
Glens of Antrim" — and the two are here offered to Canadian 
readers in one volume. $1.75 

The Dingbat of Arcady. 


One of the best known of America's women poets describes in 
this book a journey in a flat-bottomed boat down an Oregon 
river. To the experiences of this camping trip she adds various 
incidents from similar trips by boat, bicycle, and the omni- 
present Ford. $2.00 

Lord Bryce's Last Great Work 



This masterly book by the author of "The American Commonwealth" and "Modem Democracies" covers the history of inter- 
national relationships, and makes clear the conditions that directly culminated in the Great War. It touches upon the relations 
of Production. Commerce, Transportation and Finance, and includes a discussion of the causes of War and the methods of averting it. 

The Macmillan Company of Canada Limited 

St. Martin's House, TORONTO 



April, 1922 

in a 


Paid For 


Why Not 









by the world's greatest novelists 

3 for $1.00 

Notice these authors and the titles — full-length mod- 
ern copyright novels -worth a place in any library. 
Books you want to read 
most acceptable gifts. 

and re-read. They make 

Arnold Bennett. 

The Old Wives' Tale. 
The Loot of Cities. 
Tales of the Five Towns. 

£. F. Benson. 

Thorlev Weir. 
The Oakleyites. 

John Buchan. 

Salute to Adventurers. 
Prester John. 
( neenmantle. 

Mrs. Hodgson Burnett. 

The Making of a Marchioness. 

Erskine Childert. 

The Riddle of the Sands. 

Marion Crawford 

The Witch of Prague. 

Three Fates. 

Cigarette Maker's Romance. 

Mr. Isaacs. 

A Roman Singer. 

Dr. Claudius. 


Sant Ilario. 

B. M. Croker. 

Married or Single? 
Beyond the Pale. 

A. Conan Doyle. 

Adventures of Gerard. 
Micah Clarke. 

George Gissing. 

The Town Traveller. 

Anthony Hope. 

Tristam of Blent. 
Tlie God in the Car. 

Maurice Hewlett. 

The Forest Lovers. 
Little Novels of Italy. 
Richard Yea and Nay. 
Fond Adventures. 
Rest Harrow. 
Half Way House. 
Open Country. 
Queen's Quair. 
New Canterbury Tales. 
The Stooping Lady. 

E. W, Hornung. 


Mr. Justice Raffles. 

Tlie Shadow of the Rope. 

Vincent Blasco Ibanez. 

The Matador. 

W. W. Jacobs. 

Ship's Company. 

The Lady of the Barge. 

Archibald Marshall. 

The Eldest Son. 

Wm. De Morgan. ^ 

Alice for Short. 

It Never Can Happen Again. 

Frank Norris. 

The Pit 
The Octopus. 

Alfred Ollivant. 

The Gentleman. 

Morley Roberts. 

Salt of the Sea. 

J. J. Bell. 

Wee MacGreegor. 
E. Sommerville and Martin 

Some Irish Yesterdays. 

Further Experiences of an 
Irish R.M. 

The Real Charlotte. 

The Silver Fox. 
Horace A. VachelL 

John \'erney. 

Blinds Down. 

John Charity. 

Waters of Jordan. 
Mrs. Humphrey Ward. 

Helbeck of Bannisdale. 


Sir George Tressady. 
Stanley Weyman. 

The Wild Geese. 

C. N. and A. M. Williamson. 

The Princess Passes. 

The Lightning Conductor. 
George Douglas. 

The House With the Green 
Henry James. 

Roderick Hudson. 
Sara MacNaughton. 

Three Miss Graemes. 
George A. Birmingham. 

Simkin's Plot. 
H. G. WeUs. 


The War in the Air. 
H. Seton Merriman. 

The Sowers. 

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77 Wellington Street West 

April, 1922 



Constitution of the C.A.A. 

Article 1. 

Name. — Tlic name of this Corpora- 
tion shall be the Canadian Authors' 
Association. It shall have an official 
seal which shall bear the name of 
the Association, and the date of its 
organization. Its principal office shall 
be located at Montreal. Ottawa, To- 
ronto or Winnipeg. Each of these 
cities to be the location of such office 
for a period of three years. It shall 
continue until dissolved as hereinafter 

.\rticlc 2. 

Objects. — The objects of the Asso- 
ciation are : 

1. — To act for the mutual benefit 
and protection of the interests of 
Canadian Autliors and for the main- 
tenance of high ideals and practice in 
the literary profession. 

2. — To procure adequate copyright 

3. To assist in protecting the liter- 
ary property of its members, and to 
disseminate information as to the 
business rights and interests of its 
members as authors. 

4. To promote the general profes- 
sional interests of all creators of 
copyrightable literary material. 

5. — To encourage cordial relation- 
ship among the members and with 
Authors of other Nations. 
Article 3. 

Section 1. — The membership shall 
comprise three classes, viz.: — 
1. — Regular Members. 
2. — Associate Members. 
3. — Life Members. 

Any writer, dramatist or scenario 
writer, or other creator of copyright- 
able literary material or recognized 
position in his or her profession as 
author may be admitted at the dis- 
cretion of the Executive Committee as 
a regular member. 

Other writers, publishers, book- 
sellers, etc., who may have sympathy 
with the objects of the Association, 
but who are not considered by the 
Executive Cornmittee as qualified for 
full membership, may be admitted, at 
the discretion- of the Executive Com- 
mittee, as Associate Members, who 
shall receive the published reports of 
the Association and have the privilege 
of attending its General Meetings, but 
shall not have a vote. 

The Council may appoint a Mem- 
bership Committee, the duties of 
which shall be to investigate the quali- 
fications of applicants and to report 
upon the same to the Executive Com- 

The Council may at its discretion 
elect any author of other than Cana- 
dian nationality to Honorary ^[em- 

■ Article 4. 

Section 1. — The General Manage- 
ment, direction and control of the 
affairs, funds and property of the As- 
sociation, and the determination of 
the relations of members to the As- 
sociation and of the Association to 
its members, and of its members as 
such to each other, except as they 
are controlled or limited by the Con- 
stitution and By-laws, shall be vested 

in a Council which shall consist of 
(40) forty members, each of whom 
shall be a member in good standing 
of the Association. 

Section 2. — The Officers shall con- 
sist of a President, Vice-Presidents, 
each of which shall represent an 
authorized branch centre of the Asso- 
ciation, the total number of such Vice- 
Phesidcnts not to exceed tw-elvc, a 
Secretary and a Treasurer, who shall 
each be ex-officio members of the 

Section 3. — The term of each officer 
shall be one year or until his or her 
successor is elected and qualifies. 
OtTicers shall be elected at the annual 
meeting of the Association. 

The Council shall be elected at the 
Annual Meeting of the Association: 
each member in good standing and 
not in arrears of dues, present in per- 
son or by proxy, shall be entitled to 
cast one vote for each candidate, and 
a majority of votes so cast shall be 
necessary for a choice. 

Section 4. — The Council shall have 
the power to delegate all or any of 
its duties or pow-ers to an Executive 
Committee consisting of not less than 
seven (7) members of the Council. 
The Executive Committee shall hold 
office for one year or until its suc- 
cessors shall be elected and qualified. 
French-Canadian Section. 

The French-speaking members of 
(he -Association shall be entitled to 
form a French-Canadian Section of 
this Association, the members of 
which may adopt separate By-laws 
which shall, however, be consistent 
with the Constitution and By-laws of 
the Canadian Authors' .Association, 
and be approved by the Council of 
the Association. The Chief Officer 
of this Section shall be President de 
Section of the Canadian Authors' As- 
sociation, and shall be Ex-officio 
Member of the Council of the Asso- 
ciation. This Section shall provide a 
proportion of the members of the 
Council, the proportion to be deter- 
mined by the Executive Committee as 
nearly as possible, according to the 
numerical relation of the regular mem- 
bership of such .Section to the total 
regular membership of the Associa- 
tion. The members of the Council 
representing such Section shall be 
elected by the members of that Sec- 
tion. Members of such Section shall 
be admitted as regular members of 
the Canadian Authors' Association, if 
a Membership Committee appointed 
by such Section recommend such 
applicants for regular membership in 
the Canadian Authors' Association. 

Section 6. — The Council may in its 
discretion from time to time authorize 
the organization or admission of fur- 
ther Sections. 

Article 5. 

Section 1. — The annual meetings of 
the Canadian Authors' .Association 
shall be held once a year at such place 
in the Dominion of Canada and at 
such time as the Council ma}" desig- 
nate. Notice of the time and place 
of meeting, together with full infor- 
mation as to any business to be voted 
upon at the meeting shall be mailed 

to laih member of the Association at 
lea>t thirty days prior to the date of 
.said meeting. 

Section 2.— At all meetings of the 
Association the presiding officer shall 
appoint three (3) persons present in 
person to act as inspectors and tellers 
for the meeting, whose duty it shall 
be to canvass all votes cast at such 

Section 3. — Special meetings of the 
Association shall be called by the Sec- 
retary at the direction of the Council 
or upon the written request of any 
fivr (5) members of the Council, or 
of any twenty-five (25) members of 
the .Association. 

Section 4. — The Council shall have 
power to authorize voting by mail or 
jiroxy, and on all measures of capital 
importance voting by mail shall be 
permitted. A mail vote shall invari- 
ably be taken on such matters as 
changes in the Constitution, change 
in membership dues or membership 
requirements, and any other matters 
which tl»c Council deems of sufficient 
importance to submit to the member- 
ship at large. 

-Article 6. 

Section 1. — Subject to the provisions 
of the Constitution, the Council may 
make, alter or amend the By-laws, by 
a two-thirds vote of members present. 
-All amendments shall be submitted 
in writing at least thirty (30) days 
before their being acted upon, and 
notice shall have been given to the 
members of the Council of such pro- 
posed amendments and of the date 
on which action will be taken thereon. 
-Article 7. 

Section 1 — Each member of the As- 
sociation shall furnish to the Secre- 
tary of his Section an address to 
which notices may be sent. If no 
such address is furnished, the prin- 
cipal office of the Association shall 
be deemed to be the address to which 
notices may be sent. Service same 
personally or by mailing the same en- 
closed in a post paid wrapper to the 
member at the address so given by 
him. If he has furnished no address 
then notice shall be served upon him 
by posting said notice in a con- 
spicuous place in the principal office 
of the Association. 

Article 8. 

By resolution adopted by the Coun- 
cil, and ratified by a three-fourths vote 
of members present at a special meet- 
ing called for the purpose, this Cor- 
poration may be dissolved with due 
regard to the dissolution of a cor- 
poration. Upon dissolution, the Coun- 
cil shall have full power to dispose 
of the property of the Corporation 
and over the division thereof. 
-Article 9. 

Section 1. — This Constitution may 
be amended by a vote of three-fourths 
of the members of the .Association, 
voting in person, by mail or by proxy, 
at any regular or special meeting 
called for that purpose. No proposi- 
tion to amend the Constitution shall 
be acted upon at any meeting unless 



April, 1922 

it shall have been authorized bi^ re- 
solution of the Council, or shall have 
been presented in writing to the Sec- 
retary, signed by at least twenty-five 
(25) members, and notice embody- 
ing the purport of the proposed 
amendment shall have been sent to 
each member of the Association with 
the call for such meeting, which notice 
shall be sent at least thirty (30) days 
prior to the date of the proposed 

Section 2.— The Secretary shall in- 
form the Council as to any amend- 
ment proposed by members, as above 
provided for, and the Council shall 
give due consideration thereto, within 
thirty (30) days, and report its opinion 
to the membership with the call for 
the meeting at which action is to be 
taken thereon. 


Article 1. 

Section 1. — At all meetings of the 
Association at least thirty (30) mem- 
bers shall be present in person to con- 
stitute a quorum. 

Section 2. — If no quorum should be 
present the presiding Officer shall ad- 
journ the meeting to a day and hour 
fixed by him not later than two 
months distant. Any meeting held 
upon the adjourned date shall have 
the same effect as if held on the date 
originally set. 

Section 3. — Members absent from 
the appointed place of meeting on the 
date of the annual meeting may vote 
at the said meeting upon all ques- 
tions, motions or resolutions pre- 
viously announced in the call for said 
meeting by delivering to the Secretary 
of the Association on or before 6 p.m. 
on the day preceding said meeting 
by mail, a written or printed ballot 
setting forth the vote of the member 
and signed personally by the member 
voting. The Council shall determine 
the form of voting by proxy, and the 
meeting or meetings at which voting 
by proxy may be allowed. 
Article 2. 

Section 1. — Seven (7) members of 
the Council present in person shall 
constitute a quorum at meetings of 
the Council. 

Section 2. — The Council may at any 
meeting remove the Secretary and 
Treasurer by a two-thirds vote. 

Section 3. — Should any vacancy 
occur either among officers or on the 
Council, the Council shall have the 
power to choose temporary officers 
or Councilmen to act until the next 
annual meeting of the Association. 
Article 3. 

Section 1. — The President shall be 
the first executive officer of the As- 
sociation, and shall preside at all 
meetings of the Association and of 
its Council, and shall perform such 
duties as from time to time the Coun- 
cil may determine. 

Section 2. — A Vice-President shall 
perform the duties of the President in 
his absence. The Vice-Presidents 
shall be responsible for the organiza- 
tion of members of the Canadian 
Authors' Association in the district 
tributary to their own particular 
branch centres. 

Section 3. — The Secretary shall keep 
a true record of all proceedings, and 

sliall perform such other duties as 
may be directed by the Council. He 
shall also be custodian of the official 
seal of the Association. 

Section 4.' — The Treasurer shall re- 
ceive all monies of the Association 
and all monies collected by it on be- 
half of its members, and shall deposit 
tlie same as shall be directed by the 
Council, and shall dispose of the funds 
of the Association as said Council 
shall direct. The Treasurer shall 
keep accurate accounts and submit 
monthly statements thereof to the 
Council, and shall also prepare and 
submit at the annual meeting, and 
whenever so requested by the Council 
a complete financial statement. He 
shall furnish such bond at the expense 
of the Association as the Council 
shall require. 

Article 4. 

No agreement, contract or obliga- 
tion involving the payment of money, 
or the credit or liability of the Asso- 
ciation, or any of its Sections, shall 
be made, and no printed matter or 
printed statement of any kind shall 
be issued by or on behalf of the As- 
sociation unless the same be author- 
ized or directed by the Executive 

Article 5- 

Section 1. — Any member who shall 
be in any wise indebted to the Asso- 
ciation, or any tnember who shall be 
guilty of any act, omission or con- 
duct which is prejudicial to the wel- 
fare of the Association, or any mem- 
ber who shall fail to observe any of 
the requirements of the Constitution, 
By-laws, or any lawful order of the 
Council, or of any Committee or of 
any Officer of the Association, in the 
discretion of the Council, may be 
cither censured, suspended, expelled 
from membership, asked to resign, or 
his membership maj' be otherwise ter- 
minated, or he may be fined or other- 
wise punished. 

Section 2. — In case the Council 
shall act only upon charges preferred 
in writing, and after a hearing, at 
which the accused may be present, 
and of which he shall have at least 
thirty (30) days' notice sent to him by 
registered mail at the address fur- 
nished by him. 

Section 3. — From any resolution of 
the Council inflicting any penalty on 
a member or affecting his member- 
ship, said member may appeal to the 
.■Association. The accused member 
shall have at least thirty (30) days' 
notice sent him by registered mail of 
the time and place of the meeting at 
which the appeal is to be considered 
and may be heard. No member inay 
take any action to review the action 
of the Council until after an appeal 
to the Association is taken and de- 
cided. Pending an appeal the acciised 
member shall have none of the privil- 
eges of membership. 

Article 6. 
Membership Dues, Etc. 

Section 1. — All members shall sign 
the Constitution and By-laws of the 
Association either in person or by 
agent, proxy or attorney as the Coun- 
cil may by resolution provide. 

Section 2. — Members in good stand- 
ing may resign. In the event of the 
termination of any membership by 

resignation, expulsion or any other 
cause, the rights of the member in 
and to any propertj' or assets of the 
.•\.-isociation shall cease. 

Section 3. — The reinstatement of 
any member who has resigned or been 
expelled is left to the discretion of the 

Section 4. — The annual dues of the 
.•\ssociation shall be $S, and shall be 
paid on the first day of April of each 
year. Members who shall fail to make 
payment within thirty (30) days there- 
after shall cease to be in good stand- 
ing, and, furthermore, shall be notitii-d 
of such failure by the secretary. If 
within fifteen (15) days after said no- 
tice is mailed said dues shall remain 
unpaid, the Council shall have power 
to take such action as it may deem 
proper, and until such action is taken 
all rights of the member are sus- 

Section S. — The dues of persons 
elected to Associate Membership in 
the Association on or before March 
31st, 1921, shall be $3 per fiscal year. 
Associate Members shall have no vote 
in the affairs of the Association. 

Section 6.- — -Any person elected to 
ihembership in the Association shall 
pay his dues within thirty (30) days 
thereafter, otherwise his election shall 
be void. 

Section 7. — A regular member may 
become a life member upon the pay- 
ment of ($100) one hundred dollars. 
Such payment shall exempt the life 
niembcr from anj- further dues and 

Article 7. 

.Section 1. — The Council maj' at its 
discretion arrange for affiliation with 
independent existing literary organi- 
zations, both in Canada and other 

Article 8. 

Section 1. — The Council shall deter- 
mine all matters relating to its com- 
mittees and appoint all members 
thereof. Members of Committees 
need not be members of the Council. 
Nothing in the Constitution or By- 
laws shall be construed to limit the 
right of the Association as a whole to 
vote the appointment of a committee 
for specific purposes at general meet- 
ings of the Association. 

Article 9. 
Bureaus and Departments. 

Section 1. — The Association, in the 
discretion of the Council, may estab- 
lish and maintain at such place or 
places determined upon by the Coun- 
cil, such Bureaus and Departments for 
the advancement of the business in- 
terests of the members of the Asso- 
ciation as said Council may consider 

Section 2.- — The Council may also, 
from time to time, publish or cause to 
be published such advertising or other 
publicity matter which will be helpful 
to the members as it deems advisable. 

Section 3. — The Council may estab- 
lish or authorize the establishment of 
an arbitration board or boards for the 
settlement of any disputes arising be- 
tween members and persons with 
whom they may have business rela- 
tions affecting the publication of their 
ivorks. Requests for and submissions 
to arbitration must be handed to the 
Secretarv of the Association in writ- 

April. 1022 





It niav be hazarded that in the opinion of those who matter Mr. P>e!loc, in seeking 
fairness rather than vote-catching, has gone the right way to impress English-speaking 
readers with the force of his argument and has at the same time achieved the finest 
book of his career. 

"The lews" is a soi)t'r and detailed survey of the problem created i)y the |)resence of 
an alien socictv in the midst of the countries of Western Europe and ni the United 
States. PRICE $3.00 


26th Thousand. Price $2.50 Net. 

The most cheerful, the most readable, the most easily helpful, the most successful 

health book published in recent years. 

You are going to purchase "Outwitting Our Nerves," . 
and your life will be lengthened through its teachings 

At Your Bookseller 

Send for Descriptive Circular 

S. B. GUNDY, Publisher, 

25 Richmond Street West - - TORONTO 




take great pleasure in announcing that on 

• MAY 1st 

they will open a 





A Complete Stock of their publications will be kept on 

hand at all times. Information regarding books on any 

subject will be gladly supplied. 



April, 1922 

ing, and the parties to the arbitration 
must agree in writing to abide by the 
findings of the Arbitration Board. 
Article 10. 
Section 1 — In case that at the end 
of any fiscal year there should be a 
cash surplus in the .Association's trea- 
sury the Council may at its discretion 
remit a portion of annual membership 
dues, or it may divide said surplus to 
the extension of the work of the .As- 
sociation or to any loan, benefit, in- 
surance, or contingency fund that the 
Association may establish. 
.Article 11. 
Order of Business. 
Section 1. — The order of business 
at the annual meeting shall be: 

1. Reading and Correction of 

2. Reports of Officers. 

3. Reports of Committees. 

4. -Appointment of tellers. 

5. \'oting. 

6. General business. 

Article 12. 

Rules of Order. 

Section 1. — The rules of order shall 

be governed by the latest edition of 

Bourinot's Canadian Parliamentary 




Beer, Thomas, "The Fair Rewards." 
Macmillan, Toronto, $2.50- As a 
realistic account of high theatrical life 
in the dawn of the twentieth century 
in New York, this is probably a meri- 
torious work. It aims somewhat 
higher in trying to pick the career of 
an incurable sentimentalist and the 
evils to which that disposition exposes 
its possessor and those around him. 
The hero, a great New York pro- 
ducer, sentimentalizes acutely over a 
niece whom he has adopted, allows 
her to bully him into putting on a rot- 
ten play for a friend of hers and fin- 
ally exposes him to unlimited black- 
mail by compromising herself with 
the play's leading man. And all the 
while we feel that the girl would never 
have been such an unmitigated rotter 
but for the requirements of Mr. 
Beer's thesis. To the devil with 

Binns, Ottwell, "The Lady of the 
North Star." Macmillan, Toronto. $2. 
North- West Mounted Police stuff by 
the author of ".A Mating in the 
Wilds," who is, so the publishers tell 
us, "a Lancashire man, minister of 
the oldest Presbyterian chapels in 
his native county, and uses his leisure 
time in literary work." So far as we 
know, there is no statute in Lanca- 
shire against his doing so. 

Bjorkman, Edwin, "The Soul of a 
Child." Macmillan, Toronto, S2.50. 
This is a remarkably clever work for 
a first novel. It is a study of the psy- 
chological development of a sensitive 
boy, the only son of two lower-mid- 
dle-class residents of Stockholm from 
the age of five to fifteen. One of the 
most interesting things about it is the 
very small amount of particularly 
Swedish elements in the book. Mr. 
Bjorkman is enough of an artist to 
cret down to the essentials of child 

life, which are much the same for a 
given type of child in any part of the 
civilized world. 

Bruun, Lanrids, "Van Zanten's 
Happy Days." Macmillan, Toronto, 
S2. That the sexual habits of the va- 
rious races of the tropics, including 
pre-marital promiscuity • and the di- 
vorce of all barren wives, are prob- 
ably profoundly "moral" in relation 
to the economic and political status 
of the said races, we have very little 
doubt. But it does not follow that 
they constitute a proper subject for 
fiction. However, one cannot but ad- 
mit the beaut}' of the author's por- 
trait of AH, the South Sea girl-wife, 
the embodiment of a sane and healthy 
animalism in which a vigorous in- 
dividuality blends imperceptibly into 
a self-immolating maternity based on 
the desire to perpetuate the person- 
ality of the self and of the loved one 

Corthell, Roland, "On the Side- 
walk." Cornhill, Boston, $1.25. A 
collection of pleasant and moderately 
discerning little essays on things seen 
Dy the city pedestrian — a little like 
Logan -Pearsall Smith, but not quite 
so ripened, so to speak. Mr. Corthell 
likes cats and horses and corner po- 
licemen and almost everythinig he 
sees, and makes us share the liking, 
or at least understand it. 

Coupernus, Louis, "The Hidden 
Force." Tr. by Teixeira de Mattos. 
McClelland, Toronto. This story of 
modern Java belongs to the middle 
period of the literary activity of the 
author of "Small Souls," being writ- 
ten about 1900. It depicts in a very 
impressive manner the hounding of a 
Dutch district Governor and his 
exotic and very loose-living wife by 
the magic powers e.xerted by offended 
Javanese aristocrats. The suggestion 
of the horror of being at the mercy 
of utterly incomprehensible forces is 
\e\y well achieved. 

Davey, Norman, "The Pilgrim of a 
Smile." McClelland, Toronto, $2. A 
vivacious series of short stories pur- 
|)orting to be studies in the irony of 
things. The method is a trifle rem- 
iniscent of Barbusse's "L'Enfer," but 
(he note is very different. The human 
beings into whose souls Barbusse's 
hero looked were noble characters 
whom Destiny was maltreating; those 
whom little Matthew Sumner was 
permitted by the Sphinx to see in 
their nakedness were worms * upon 
whom Destiny would scarcely deign 
to trample for fear of giving them too 
dignified a death. However, some of 
them are interesting worms. 

de la Mare, Walter, "The \'cil and 
Other Poems." Constable, London; 
Macmillan, Toronto. $1.75. Sixty or 
seventy new examples of the eerie 
music of this least modern of modern 
luiglish poets. Nearly all are replete 
with his characteristic sense of the 
utter detachment and loneliness of 
ihe individual, the meaningless qual- 
ity of the common contacts of life, 
ihe oppression of mystery and the im- 
minence of death, with the sense of 
beauty as man's sole eye into the in- 

Fleuron, Svend, "Kitttens: A Family 
Chronicle." ilacmillan, Toronto, $2. 
The lives, or a few early months 
thereof, of the family of Grey Puss, 
who after several disappointments due 
In wholesale drowning, had deter- 

mined to bring up her progeny where 
mankind could not get at them. The 
tale is very cleverly told without a 
touch of sentimentalizing, by one who 
is clearly a very acute observer of 
animal life, and there is a fine preface 
by the notable cat lover, Carl \'an 
V'echten- Translated into American 
by David Pritchard, who speaks of 
"this dog, who, like she, had once 
been in favor," etc. We must ask Mr. 
Mencken about "like she." 

Gale, Zona, "The Secret Way." 
Macmillan, Toronto, $1.75. Miss Ga4e 
is an extremely industrious, sincere 
and inquiring artist, who has tiicd 
many different modes of expression. 
Conventional verse does not seem to 
suit her, and one feels through mo t 
of this volume that one is reading the 
experiments of a student, and tliiit 
Miss Gale would probably not have 
put them before the public if her 
publishers, having in mind her recent 
successful novel and play, become 
urgent for another Ms. Some of t'.ie 
"Prose Notes" — many would call them 
free verse — are much more satisfac- 

Gunnarsson, Gunnar, "Guest the 
Onc-Eyed." Macmillan, Toronto. S2. 
Iceland appears to contain a fairly 
large number of peculiarly unpleasant 
persons, whose unpleasantness rises 
to sublime heights when they are 
priests of the national church. This 
novel was written in Danish, in which 
language it may serve some purpose 
if the works of Sir Hall Caine are not 
accessible in it. There seems no valid 
reason for doing it into English. 

Hamsun, Knut, "Wanderers." Mac- 
millan. Toronto, $2.50. This latest- 
translated of the works of the author 
of "Growth of the Soil" exhibits all 
his ama.zing power of depicting life 

Spoon River Muddies. 

(Continued from page 132") 
One piece should perhaps be ex- 
cepted from the general condem- 
nation. "Charlotte Corday," 
while hardly a poem, is good 
rhetoric moulded into an excel- 
lent dramatic scene. 

The saddest, the most chasten- 
ing, thought that "The Open Sea" 
suggests is that of the essential 
rawness and primitiveness of a 
culture in which poetry of this 
type can be allowed to come to 
flower. Mr. Masters himself can- 
not hear the entire blame. A 
decidedly "extraverted" type of 
personality, he could not find 
within his own soul the subtlety 
of apprehension that his cultural 
environment so signally failed to 
encourage. "Spoon River An- 
thology" showed clearly enough 
that there is a distinctive bite to 
Mr. ^Masters' spirit. His artistic 
failure is, to a disconcerting de- 
gree, the measure of the form- 
lessness and aridity of our Ameri- 
can culture of to-day. This is not 
the whole story, of course, but it 
is an important share of it. 

April, 1922 





Mr. Buchan has revised and recast liis original work in order to give 
it a true perspective. 

His aim lias been to present in reasonable compass the history of the 
whole war on its naval, military, political, economic and social sides, in the 
shape of a narrative which can be read by all classes. 

The work will appear in four volumes, demy 8vo., each of about 500 
pages, with maps and plans. There will be complete appendices in the last 

Volumes 1 and 2 now ready. 

Volumes 3 and 4 ready shortly. $7.50 each. 



GARDENING. By Archibald Williams. 

Contains 8 colored plates and 120 sketches and diagrams. 50 cents. 


GARDENING. By A. Cecil Bartlett. 

Contains 23 illustrations 25 cents. 

VEGETABLE GARDENING. By J. S. Chisholm 35 cents. 



Each contains 8 full page illustrations each, 75 cents. 



A biograph)' exceeding in interest the most fantastic romance. Sixteen full- 
page illustrations of reproductions of portraits of chief figures of the period, 
also eleven maps and plans $2.50 


The majority of the poems are written in Lowland Scots, of which Mr. 
Buchan is an acknowledged master $1.00 


This edition of this well-known book was issued in response to demands 
from the Overseas Dominions, and will be invaluable to all who have the 
interests of the Empire at heart 60 cents 


In the Nelson Novels, cloth bound, each 35 cents 


77 Wellington Street West TORONTO 



April, 1922 

as seen through the very eyes and 
mind of his characters. It is a novel 
not to be missed by any serious ob- 
server of current serious fiction. But 
the leading character in this book, 
unlike the hero of "Growth," does not 
do much living on his own account 
(in the period covered), and the con- 
tent of the story is mainly the disin- 
tegration of an ill-fated marriage in 
the persons of the master and mis- 
tress of the estate on which the hero 
works. A common enough tale, let 
lo high tragedy by nothing but the 
passionate sympathy of the man who 
sees it, just as a faithful and high- 
minded servant might have seen it, 
and sets it down amid the details of 
the day's wood-cutting or harvesting 
or flirting with the maids. 

Jenness, Burt Franklin, "Sea 
Lanes." Cornhill, Boston, $1.75. 
Sailormen will quite possibh' like this 
volume of unambitious and technical- 
ly correct verses, but it will be the au- 
thor's sailoring that wins then, and 
not his literary art. 

Kaye-Smith, Sheila, "Green Apple 
Harvest." McClelland. Toronto. A 
remarkable study of life in the house- 
hold of a Sussex small farmer, prob- 
ably quite realistic in details of cus- 
tom and language. Its main interest 
is the depiction of one of the sons, at 
first a gay dog with a leaning for 
drink and women, and later a preacher 
of the most extreme form of Calvin- 
ism. The psychological processes at 
work in such a character are sug- 
gested with much skill. The author 
of "Tamarisk Town" is taking a high 
place among serious and studious 
English novelists- 

MacConnell, Sarah Warder, "One." 
Macmillan, Toronto, $1.75. We con- 
ceive this to be thoroughly immoral, 
as immoral as a book can never be 
except when its author is unaware of 
its immorality. It depicts the mar- 
ried life of a man who was constantly 
engaged in amours with other woinen, 
and who, when his wife revolted and 
gave signs of not caring, applied him- 
self to winning her back by assuring 
her that his philandering was all due 
to his love of her and the fact that he 
could not entirely understand and 
dominate her. "You won't accept it," 
he tells her, "but each woman was a 
sort of way to you." And he seems 
perfectly satisfied. And the wife 
seems not to mind anything but the 
scandal and the damage to her self- 
conceit. And one closes the book- 
thinking it very rough on their baby 
that he did not die of pneumonia, as 
was expected when these mutual re- 
velations were brought to pass. 

Norris, Kathleen, "Lucretia Lom- 
bard." Gundy, Toronto, $1.90. We 
had much less trouble in reading this 
than with "Sisters," or "Mother," or 
"The Beloved Woman." The author 
is improving her technique with ex- 
perience. The novel-cater will prob- 
ably find this book good diet. But 
there is still much to dissatisfy the 
critical reader. Lucretia wins her 
Stephen thanks to the sudden death 
of his young wife and her old hus- 
band, biht she does not win the read- 
er's faith or ungrudging admiration, 
and we rather believe her guilty of 
subconscious murder. .\nd the ouija- 
board's predictions, uncannily saving 
her I'fe in the great forest fire, and 

wliolly unexplained — it is thrilling, 
but is it legitimate novelistic art? 

Parrish, Randall, "The Case and 
the Girl." Macmillan, Toronto, $2. It 
must be very exciting to be a beauti- 
ful Southern heiress, and to have a 
twin sister whom nobody knows any- 
thing about except one's wicked 
uncle, and whom the wicked uncle de- 
cides to pass otT for the real thing, 
and who is so like one that she de- 
ceives even one's lover, and who — 
besides, there are seventeen desper- 
ate fist-fights, and a yacht is scuttled 
in mid-Lake Michigan with hero and 
heroine on board. 

Phillpotts, Eden, "Pan and the 
Twins." Macmillan, Toronto, $2. A 
most graciously charming fancy con- 
cerning an early Christian and his 
brother, an adherent of Pan, in which 
the goat-footed god is himself a par- 
ticipant. Mr. Phillpotts is severe upon 
the tyrannical dogmatism which char- 
acterized Christianity about the time 
when it became the dominant creed 
of the Empire, and puts into Pan's 
mouth many beautiful expressions of 
tolerance and humanity. "A soul 
should not rust out, but wear out on 
the business of other souls. Take to 
heaven a soul polished by well-doing, 
not one mouldy with storage." 

Poole, Ernest, "Beggar's Gold." 
Macmillan, Toronto, $2. Mr. Poole 
belongs to that class of American nov- 
elists which bids for the interest of 
readers who feel that there must be 
some profound significance under- 
neath the rather shallow facts of 
.^inerican life, and that it is not re- 
vealed by any of the orthodox re 
ligious explanations, but who have not 
the intellectual capacity to formulate, 
or even to accept when formulated, a 
philosophical explanation. The school 
is a very large one, strongly socialistic 
in general tendencies and extraordin- 
arily vague and inconclusive on those 
more subtle problems which Social- 
ism cannot solve. This is the tale of 
a New York school-teacher and his 
wife who want to go to China, but 
never get there, apparently because 
they lack the necessary recklessness 
and decision. \\'e, too, should like to 
go to China and cannot, but we do not 
feel that those facts alone qualify us 
to be the hero of a 234-page novel. 

Robinson, F. A., "Mastered Men." 
McClelland, Toronto. A scries of 
episodes in the lifework of a hoine 
missionary in British Columbia, told 
with a good deal of art and a due re- 
gard for the reader's demand for sen- 
timent and action. All, the episodes 
are concerned with that strange phy- 
chological event known as "conver- 
sion," and the magnetic power of 
the missionary, due to his courage and 
his intense faith, is well depicted. 

Terhune, Albert Payson, "Black 
Gold." McClelland. Toronto, $1.75. 
This is a very lively fight-and-adven- 
ture novel laid in modern times and 
in Northern California, an interesting 
part of the L^nited States about which 
the attentive reader will learn many 
useful facts. He will not learn much 
else of serious value, but what of that? 
As Mr. Terhune says, "Ben-Hur" is 
read by fifty times as many people as 
Anatole France. Incidentallv, we be- 
lieve "Black Gold" breaks all records 
for the number of murderous assaults 
per hundred pages of reading matter. 

Tremaine, Herbert, "The Tribal 
God." Gundy, Toronto, $1.90. A study 
m family life in a very selfish and ac- 
quisitive English business family, by 
an English author not yet well known 
over here, but with several good books 
to his (or, we incline to believe, her) 
credit in England. The family is cle- 
verly drawn, though one sees most 
of its members in the mass rather 
than as individuals, but the portrait 
of the senile Lady Cassher with her 
cynical tyranny is an astonishing pic- 
ture of human ugliness. 

Tyndall, W. J., "De Lucky Garcon 
and Other French-Canadian Poems." 
W. J. Tiyndall, Ottawa, $1.75. After 
Dr. Drummond had succeeded in re- 
ducing the broken English of the Que- 
bec habitant to a yery picturesque 
"dialect," It ceased to be at all diffi- 
cult to write Charming and amusing 
poems narrating little episodes of 
habitant life and character, and the 
supply has been more or less con- 
tinuous. We are bound to say that Mr. 
Tyndall's are as good as anybody's 
and his haibitant talk is so genuine, so 
filled with French words and Idioms, 
that we wonder if the monolingual 
reader will be able to "compraw," 
Those who know the habitant at all 
well will enjoy the book greatly. 

Watts, Mary S., "The House of 

Rimmon." Macmillan, Toronto, $2. 
The career of an American writer, 
showing how he succumbed to the 
temptation to write for "popular" 
success. The subject has been treated 
rather frequently of late, and the au- 
thor of "From Father to Son" is given 
to working up an immense amount of 
detail about people who do not great- 
ly stir us either with their personal- 
ities or other problems. We do not 
object to a novelist dealing with or- 
dinary people but we do want them 
made to appear as extraordinary as 
they are capable of appearing. 

Robinson, Eliot H., "Smiling Pass," 
a sequel to "Smiles, a Rose of the 
Cumberlands." Those who read the 
first story of the delightful heroine 
whose bright courage won for her the 
affectionate appelation, "Smiles," will 
welcoine her return in this sequel, 
which demonstrates that marriage is 
not the end-all of romance. .■\s the 
centre of this new drama, she is more 
virile, more stirring than in her child- 
hood. The life-threads of several con- 
flicting characters are closely inter- 
woven with her own. 

Marjorie's House Party, Alice E. 
Mien. The Page Co., Boston, $1.50. 
This is the fifth volume in this au- 
thor's "Marjorie-Joe" series, a most 
pleasing series of juvenile stories. 
Alice E. Allen knows how to enter- 
tain children and this latest of the 
series is not one whit behind the four 
that preceded it either in the charm 
of the story or the fine appearance of 
the book itself, which is handsomely 
illustrated and has a inost attractive 
decorative cover. 

Chamberlain, J. F., "How We Are 
Clothed", Macmillan, Toronto. — One of 
the Home and World Series," this 
book is intenided to convey to the 
young mind a knowledge of the di- 
verse sources of our wearing apparel 
and the many varieties of it worn In 

April. 1922 




By Booth Tarkington 

Booth 'J'arkingtoii, according to the booksellers' own vote, is the foremost living American 
writer. His new hook, "Geritle Julia," being the natural successor to "Penrod" and 
"Seventeen." will please the hundreds of thousands who liked those books. 

Price, $1.90 Net 


By Harry Leon Wilson 

Mr. Wilson's penetrat- 
ing appraisal of the art 
(?) of the silent drama 
and of the methods of 
the producers will de- 
light anyone with a 
sense of humor. 

$1.90 Net 


By Kathleen Norris 

.\ moving, heart-touch- 
ing situation developed 
through the medium of 
neighborly and attrac- 
tive people, people such 
as live in the next house 
and next street from 
yours or right in your 
own street in your own 

$150 Net 


By Muriel Hine 

How an egotist's ideals 
are shattered in the hot- 
house atmosphere of the 
pleasure-loving set into 
which he is thrown, and 
how he finds the way to 
regeneration, makes a 
novel of singular beauty 
and power. Muriel Hine 
has never done anything 
quite so good. 

Price, $2.00 Net 


By Selma Lagerlof 

"The Outcast. " the work 
of the master ; the work 
of the woman who was 
the first of her sex to 
win the Nobel prize for 
literature and upon 
whom the highest pos- 
sible literary honors 
have been conferred. 

Price, $2.00 

S. B. GUNDY, Publisher, 



you ■want a good book 
— one in which there is 
real interest, we would 
suggest a Bank Book. 
There is no better 

The Royal Bank 
of Canada 


different parts of the world. It is as 
little as possible like a school-book, 
and Is very freely iJlustrated. 

Clarkln, Lucy Gertrude, "Way 
O'Dreams", Dillon & Coyle, Charlotte- 
town, P.E.I.— A notable delicacy and 
freshness of expression, and a profound 
earnestness of feeling, lend interest 
to these unpretentious verses, most of 
them written in the effort to give voice 
to the loftiest religious emotions of a 
deeply Catholic heart. We could wish 
for this little book a very wide circu- 
lation, not among Catholics alone, but 
also among all Canadians who are 
susceptible to the influence of a sin- 
cere religious expression. 

Crichton. John, "A Vista", A. T 
Clapman, Montreal. — A very uneven 
collection of verse, for the most part 
showing signs of youth and initiative- 
ness, but here and there fully justify- 
ing the claim of the preface-writer, Sir 
Andrew Macphail, that "the manner 
Is free and fresh; there is a knowledge 
of the inner meaning of words and a 
sense of their sanctity." The signa- 
ture is obviously a pen-name, and some 
considerations (including a lively in- 
terest in, and knowledge of. flowers) 
suggest it may he that of a woman. 
But Sir Andrew has not discovered 
another Pickthall. 

Eagle, Edward E., "The Hope of the 
Future", Cornhill, Boston. J2.00.— An 
effort to promote a "Union of Hearts 
among the English-speaking peoples of 
the world." Mr. Eagle is an Ameri- 
can and wants to explain the British 
and the Overseas British to his fellow- 
Americans. It is a very laudable ob- 
ject, and is supported by special pre- 
faces contributed by six Prime Minis- 
ters. One wishes that Mr. Eagle's 
printers could have spelt Mr. Meigh- 
en's name correctly In at least one 
place. Their unanimous incorrectness 
rather suggests that the fault is the 
authors; perhaps he has not an Eagl* 
eye for orthography. 

Garland, Hamlin, "A Daughter of 
the Middle Border", Macmillan, To- 
ronto, $2.50. — This continues the very 
interesting study of the life of the au- 
thor's family In pioneer Wisconsin, 
"which was begun in "A Son of the 
Middle Border." The atmosphere, no 
longer that of the prairie schooner and 
Civil War period, is less romantic, but 
the present volume is even more im- 
portant than its predecessor to those 
who wish to study the growth of that 
portentous thing, the present mental- 
ity of the inland United States— a 
thing in which all serious Canadians 
should be interested. 

Hamilton, Lord Frederic, "Here 
There and' Everywhere", Hodder & 
Stoughton, Toronto, $4.00.— Decidedly 
the reminiscence book of the season 
for breeziness, variety and subject, 
and the personal attractiveness of tha 
narrator. It wanders from the Hima- 
layas to the West Indies, from the Ar- 
gentine to the London police force, 
and from Capetown to Hong Kong, al- 
ways in the style which made the au- 
thor's earlier book, "The Days Before 
Yesterday," so incomparably charm- 
ing. It is dedicated to Gerald Ruth- 
erford, M.C., of Winnipeg. 

The Canadian Almanac, edited by 
Arnold W. Thomas. The Copp, Clark 
Co.. Toronto, $3.50. This national di- 
rectory is a most useful volume, pre- 


senting as it does annually revised 
data of national interest, including 
the customs tariff, alphabetically ar- 
ranged; post-offices and railway sta- 
tions; newspapers and magazines 
pubhshed in Canada; Dominion and 
Provincial officials; religious denom- 
inations and missionary societies; 
legal and judicial information; town- 
ships, cities, towns and villages; po- 
lice magistrates in Ontario; law lists 
of all the provinces; educational in- 
stitutions, and a fund of other Cana- 
dian data, making up an 8vo-volume 
of 480 pages. 

Killlngsworth, J. Alexander, "Rosei 

and Thorns". J. A. Killingsworth, St 
Thomas. Ont.— A collection of domes- 
tic verse, largely of the sentimental 
order, made up in an attractive bro- 
chure decorated by R. R. Osgoode. Mr 
Killingsworth is at his best in hlg 
poems in child dialect, which are na- 
tural and humorous. Several other 
poems would make good lyrics for 
popular songs. 

Leacock, Stephen. "Nonsense Not 
els", new edition with eight coloured 
plates and many decorations by John 
Kettelwell; Lane, London, 10s. (Jd.; 
Gundy, Toronto.— To those who ex- 
press a doubt whether the exquisite 
foolings of Professor Leacock can ever 
become classic, we shall henceforth 
reply -with this volume. We have 
known all these "novels" for years; 
yet we read them now. In their mag- 
nificently lavish typography and wltn 
these most accomplished Illustrations, 
and we get a new joy out of them, and 
they seem perfectly at home In their 
de-luxe surroundings. Ephemeral lit- 
erature does not do that, it merely 
makes one think of the wickedness of 
wasting paper. The Nonsense Novels 
are a classic, now at last classically 

Lefevre, L. A., "A Garden by the 
Sea". Arthur L. Humphreys, London. 
England.— This typographically beau- 
tiful little volume contains some sev- 
enty poems, many of them sonnets and 
few of more than one hundred lines, 
by an English lady resident In British 
Columbia. They are unpretentious 
and workmanlike examples of a 
method and subject-matter not very 
modem; Summer and Winter appear 
as rival lovers of April; gold sky gives 
place to grey and gold tresses lie be- 
neath the grey stone; the budding of 
s.pring is "the vague uplifting" of the 
soul to find its God. It is all very neat 
and very polished — and very deriva 
tive. Once or twice the writer's Intel- 
lect shakes off these traditional guides 
and we get a really novel and poetical 
thought, as in "Imprisoned," where the 
figure of a panic-stricken throng 
struggling madly In a crowded build- 
ing typifies mankind "within the 
gloomy walls of doubt." while Faith 
spreads the prison its Universe of 

Mahon, Major-General R. H., "Life 
of General James Murray," Murray, 
London, 21 shl'.lings. — This study, 
written by a descendant, of the -flrst 
British Governor-General of Canada, 
who was one of the Brigadiers under 
Wolfe at the capture of Quebec, de- 
votes a good deal of space to an effort 
to diminish Wolfe's credit for that 
operation. This Is a subject which 
must be left to the military special- 

April, 1922 

ists; but the account of Murray's later 
lite and of the great services ren- 
dered to Canada by his broad-minded- 
ness and justice is good reading tor 
any Canadian. Original and hitherto 
unpub'.ished documents are freely em- 

Omond, T. S., "English Metrists" 
Oxford Press, Toronto.— This histor- 
ical sketch of English prosodical cri- 
ticism from Elizabeth to the present 
day is extremely complete and very 
just in its valuations. Professor 
Omond regards Gunmere's "Hand- 
book of Poetics" as the best and safest 
"textbook of prosody" yet available. 
We appear to be approaching an intel- 
ligible science of metre comparable 
with that of harmony in music, and 
such books as "English Metrists" help 
immeasurably towards that end. 

Successful Authorship. — Shaw Cor- 
respondence Schools, Toronto. This 
is an elaborately gotten up handbook 
introducing the aspiring writer to a 
practical course in story writing and 
story selling. The author of the 
course is J. Albert Mallon, who also 
directs the department of story writ- 
ing for the Shaw school. There is 
also an advisory board comprising 
Dr. James L. Hughes, Prof. David R. 
Keys, M.A., E. A. Hardy, B.A., D. 
Paed.; Prof. George A. Jones, B.A., 
L. M. Montgomery, Nellie L. Mc- 
Clung, Arthur Stringer, Mary M. 
Murphy, Jean Graham, Newton Mac- 
Tavish, M.A., J. V. McKenzie, M.A., 
Hugh S. Eayrs, Prof. T. Allison and 
Hopkins Moorhouse, a feature of the 
brochure being an insert presenting 
helf-tones of all these members of the 
advisory board. There is a most in- 
teresting article on "The Field for 
W'riters and the Demand for Stories." 
Other articles tell of "The Monetary 
Reward." "The Field for Special Writ- 
ing," "The Future of Canadian Liter- 
ature," besides many appreciative 
messages regarding the course from 
prominent English, American and 
Canadian authors. In addition to this 
there is, of course, a comprehensive 
presentation of what the course may 
leasonabh- be expected to do for 
I hose who take advantage of it, in- 
I'luding a thorough synopsis of the 
iwenty-five lessons which it com- 

For the encouragement of those 
•vho have the urge to write but are in 
doubt as to their ability it is made 
i:lear that advanced education is not 
essential to successful authorship, the 
'■ases of Mark Twain, Owen Kildare, 
.Morgan Robertson, and Joseph Con- 
rad being cited as representing au- 
thors who had not even a public 
:ichool education, yet achieved out- 
standing success. Emphasis, how- 
■■ver, is laid on the need for training. 
As to the best age for authorship, it 
is pointed out that some of Rudyard 
Kipling's best work was done before 
lie was twenty-one, while George 
Eliot did not even begin to write un- 
til well past forty, thus demonstrating 
that there is no "best age" for au- 
thorship. The book is a most inter- 
esting one, not only for aspiring 
writers, but also for the initiated. 
.Anybody interested may obtain a copy 
by writing to the Shaw Correspon- 
dence Schools, 46 Bloor street west, 



April. 1922 




f| This is the title of a handsomely designed brochure. 

which tells in a most interesting and illuminating 
manner about the most practical and most authori- 
tative course of instruction in the Art and Technic of 
Story Writing that has ever been WTitten. 
C The Author of the course has spent twenty years 

in the most exhaustive study and analysis of the 
Short Story, and as a consequence is acknowledged to 
be the greatest authority. 


C Our students frequently begin selling their stories 
after having completed only a part of the course. 
fT Do you aspire to become a SUCCESSFUL 
" AUTHOR? Then you positively cannot afford to 
do without this book which carries a message of help- 
fulness and inspiration. 
C Write to-day for a free copy? 



Shaw Correspondence School 

46 Bloor St. W., TORONTO 

Dept. (C.B.) 

25c each 

Bringing Up Father 

Percy and Ferdie 

Mutt and Jeff 

Keeping Up with the Joneses 

Regular Fellows 

Toonerville Trolley 

Liberal Trade Discount 

The American News Co. 

Limited (of Canada) 

Corrections in C.A.A. January List 

The January number of the 
Canadian Bookman was produced 
under great mechanical difficulties, 
the results of which made them- 
selves chiefly visible in an excessive 
number of misprints in the list of 
new regular memibers of the Can- 
adian Authors' Association. The 
following are the correct names and 
addresses for the memfbers in ques- 
tion : — 

248 Abbott, Dr. Maude E., McGill 
University, Montreal. 

251 Archibald, Miss R. M., P.O. 

Box 351, Wolfville, N.S. 

252 Ashton, H., 1885 11th Ave. W., 

Vancouver, B.C. 

253 Atherton, Dr. W. H.. 51 Com- 

mon St., Montreal. 
255 Ayscough, Mrs. Francis, 6 Pe- 

kin Road, Shanghai. China. 
258 Bayfield, Mrs. A. C, P.O. Box 

441, Victoria, B.C. 

260 Bemister, Margaret. 204 Nas- 

sau St., Winnipeg. 

261 Bothwell, Austin, 2904 HiU 

Ave., Regina, Sask. 

265 Buckley, A. H., University 

Club, Ottawa. 

266 Burnett. Frank, Sr.. 4th Ave. 

and Blanea St., Vancouver. 

270 Carmichael. A., 1932 St. Anne 

St., Victoria. 
273 Cautley. Mrs. Ma'bel McLean, 

10023 106th St., Edmonton. 
277 Clement, R. I.. R.R. 1. Rvlev, 

286 Crowe, Mrs. Leslie. Box 41, 

Souris, Man. 
293 Duthie. J. D., 287 Spence St., 


295 Ebbs-Canovan, H. W.. 521 

Linden Ave., Victoria. 

296 Edwards, J. Plimsoll, 78 Sey- 

mour St.. Halifax. 
298 Ferres. James. 131 Stanley St.. 

306 Girard, Rodolph, 363 Daly 

Ave., Ottawa. 
308 Gordon, Alfred. 68 Hillcrest 

Ave., Montreal West. 

311 Grindley, F. H., Gardenvale, 


312 Gurd. Norman. 431 North 

Chi-istina St., Sarnia, Ont. 
321 Hodgins, Norris, Macdonald 
College, Que. 

333 Kerry, Miss Esther W., 300 

Pine Ave. West, Montreal. 

334 Killingsworth, J. A., 21 Myrtle 

St., St. Thomas. 

337 Lauriston, Victor, 35 Stanley 

Ave., Chatham, Ont. 

338 Lizars, Kathleen M., 152 Bloor 

St. W., Toronto. 

340 Love, John L., 3 Webb Ave., 

345 MacPhie, Rev. John P., M.A., 
Monrovia, California. 

358 Milner, Miss L. D., 136 Slater 
St., Ottawa. 

376 Pimm, Mrs. EUa, 9 St. Mat- 
thew St., Montreal. 

379 Reaman, Dr. G. E., Y.M.C.A., 
College St., Toronto. 

414 Weaver, Findlay I., 263 Ade- 

laide St. W., Toronto. 

415 Wetherell, J. E., 60 Hillcrest 

Drive, Toronto. 

416 Wetherell, Mrs. J. E., 60 Hill- 

crest Drive, Toronto. 

Russell, H. J., "Russell Shorthand," 
H. J. Russell, Winnipeg. — A phonetic. 
Jolned-vowel, one-position system of 
shorthand in three lessons. The sys- 
tem appears to be easy to acquire, and 
well suited for self-instruction, which 
is an important point in its favor. The 
author Is a member of the Canadian 
Authors' Association, and his system 
is becoming popular in Western 



April, 1922 

New Members of the C.A.A. 

Eflfective Last Half of 1921-22. 

Regular Members. 

-424 Arniitage, Archdeacon, 90 Spring 

Garden Road, Halifax, N.S. 
•125 Ashcroft, Mrs. Isabel, 7 Thorn- 
hill Ave-, Westmount, Que. 

426 Blewett, Mrs. Jean, 6 Ridout 

St.. Toronto, Ont. 

427 Brietzke, Mrs. E. H., 138 Hamp- 

ton Ave., N. D. G., Montreal. 

428 Cameron, E. R., 391 Wilbrod St., 

Ottawa, Ont. 

429 Carson-Talcott, Mrs. C., Bloom- 

field, Ont- 

430 Gates, W. G., Press Gallery, 

House of Commons, Ottawa. 

431 Chcckland, Sydney T., Ottawa 



176 Manor Ave., 
L.. 16 Glen Road, 


1075 Rachel 
M. S., 125 
The Ar- 
153 Uni- 

i32 Coats, R 

433 Cooper, John 


434 Devine, Rev. 

St., Montreal. 

435 d'Ornano. Louis P 

Cartier St., Ottawa. 

436 Doughty, Col. A. \V., 

chives, Ottawa. 

437 Durand. Miss Laura B 

versity .^ve., Toronto. 

438 Falconer, Sir Robert, University 

of Toronto. 

439 Foran, J. K., House of Commons, 


440 Gibson. Mrs. Thos., 164 Metcalfe 

St., Ottawa- 

441 Godfrey, E. H., 214 Patterson 

Ave., Ottawa. 

442 Hankin, Francis, 201 Coristine 

Building, Montreal. 

443 Harris. D. Fraser, Dalhousie Uni- 

versity. Halifax. 

444 Hartman, F. D., 61 Metcalfe St.. 


445 Herridge, Dr. W. T., The Rox- 

borough. Ottawa. 

446 Hugill. J. W., 220 7th Ave. W., 

Calgary. Alta. 

447 Kenney, James F., 133 Rideau 

Terrace, Ottawa. 

448 Lazenby, Charles, University of 


449 Logan. Dr. T. D.. 98 Queen St.. 


450 Loughnan. David. 101 Grove Ave., 


451 Mavor, Prof. James, Toronto 


452 Maclnnes, Loftus, .Mexandra 

Hotel. Ottawa. 

453 Mitchell. Victor E.. 801 Royal 

Trust Building. Montreal. 

454 Moore. Edward J.. Ryerson Press, 


455 Moore. Phil. H., 60 Larch St.. 


456 Muldrew. Mrs. Jean. 105 Brighton 

Ave., Ottawa. 

457 Nursey. Walter R.. P.O. Box 733. 


458 Osborne. H. C, Militia Depart- 

ment., Ottawa. 

459 Paulhus. J. Arthur, 18 Bonsecours 

St., Montreal. 

460 Ringland. Miss Mabel C. Isling- 

ton. Ont. 

461 Ritchie. J. A., 238 Lauricr Ave. E.. 


462 Staples. Owen. 69 Hogarth Ave., 


F. W., New Glas- 

588 Huron St., To- 


463 Stewart, Herbert L., 75 Larch St., 


464 Teskey, Miss Adeline >L, 30 

Grcnville St., Toronto. 

465 Wallace, Prof. M. W., University 

of Toronto. 

466 Wright, Mrs. 

gow. N.S- 

467 Yeigh. Frank 


Associate Members. 

155 Allen, W. T., 89 South Park St., 


156 Bassett, John. 473 Wilbrod St., 


157 Beck, Mrs. Edward, 386 

brooke St. W., Montreal. 

158 Burrell. Hon. Martin. Th. 

borough, Ottawa. 

159 Cunningham, E. A., 74 Bruce .\ve., 

Westmount. Que. 

160 Hanington, Mrs. J. C. Room 4, 

104 Sparks St., Ottawa. 

161 Hanington, Major C. Lionel, 42 

Old Bond St.. London. Eng 

162 Jardinc, Miss Elma F., 447 Som- 

erset St. W., Apt. 2, Ottawa. 

163 Lorans. Mrs- M. Eugenie. 31 Os- 

goode St.. Ottawa. 

164 Shearing, Miss R. M.. 32 St. Mark 

St.. Montreal. 

165 Shipman. Mr. Ernest, 17 West 

44th St.. New York Citv. 

166 Simpson, Mrs. C. W.. .505 Pine 

Ave. West. Montreal. 

167 .Smith. E. Norman. Journal Office, 


168 Stirling. Duncan, Inverness. Scot- 


169 Woodworth, Miss M. .\.. Kent- 

ville, N.S.. care Dom. .•\tlantic 

Effective April 1. 1922. 
Regular Members. 
408 .\bbott-Sniith. Rev. G.. Bellevue 
Ave., Westmount. Que. 

469 Baker. Mrs. Perren E.. 10220 

124th St., Edmonton, Alta. 

470 Beaudry, Laurent. House of 

Commons. Ottawa. Ont. 

471 Bishop, Mrs. Dorothy M.. P. O. 

Box 1502. Victoria. B.C. 

472 Buck. Dr. .^nnie L.. Port Rowan. 


473 Coltjuhoun. Miss Kate G.. 318 

Cooper St.. Ottawa. 

474 Fletcher, Miss Marv E.. 16 Green 

St.. Halifax. N.S. " 

475 Flick. Charles L.. 53 Wellington 

.Ave.. Fairfield. Victoria. 

476 Fraser. .\lex. L., 416 Robie St.. 


477 Gourlav. Reginald E.. Perth Club. 

Perth. Ont. 

478 Hanbury-Williams. Charles. Brit- 

ish Hotel. Avlmer. P.Q. 

479 Joynes. Miss Agnes Bell. 389 

Cooper St., Ottawa. 

480 Kctchum, Wm. Q-, Apt. 5, 198 

O'Connor .St.. Ottawa. 

481 Longstaflf. Major, 50 Highland 

Drive. Victoria. 

482 Macdonald. .-Xdrian. 364 Simcoe 

St.. Peterboro". Ont. 
iS.3 MacDonald. Rev. Alex., 740 View 
St.. \'ictoria. 

484 Misener, Miss Geneva. University 

of .Mberta. Edmonton. 

485 Morgan. Mrs. Grace Jones, 845 

Aileen St.. Oakland. Cal. 

486 Morrison, C. R., The Journal, Ed- 


487 Nutt, Miss E. S., Victoria School 

of Art, Halifax. 

488 Norcross, Miss Irene, 1145 Rock- 

land Ave., Victoria. 

489 Russell, Judge B., Alexandra 
Apts., Halifax. 

490 Sheppard, Miss Norah, Cordova 

Bav, \'ancouver Island. 

491 Skel'ton, Prof. O. D., 138 Albert 

St., Kingston, Ont. 

492 Tory, Dr. H. M., University of 

Alberta, Edmonton. 

493 Townley. Mrs- C. R., Savarv 

Island, B.C. 

494 XanBuskirk, Miss Alma, 95 Law- 

ton Boulevard, Toronto. 

495 \\'att. Mrs. G. Balmer, 10029 

113th St.. Edmonton. 

Associate Members. 

170 Allen, Mrs. Marguerite, 48 Bar- 

row St., New York. 

171 Ault, Mrs. Edith, 1 Rideau .-\pts., 

Daly .\ve.. Ottawa. 

172 Baker, Hon. Perren, Minister of 

Education, Edmonton. 

173 Blue. John. 9713 111th St.. Ed- 


174 Buchanan, Mrs. Eunice, Berwick, 

N. S. 

175 Burns. Clement B., 576 O'Connor 

St., Ottawa. 

176 Cameron, D. E., University Lib- 

rary, Edmonton. 

177 Carpenter, W. G., 10989 125th St., 


178 Chisholm, I. A., 22 Carlton St.. 


179 Connell. Miss Ellie C, 522 Glad- 

stone -Ave., Ottawa. 

180 Corbett, E. A., University of Al- 

berta, Edmonton. 

181 Esch. A. H.. Jasper Ave. at 104th 
St., Edmonton. 

182 Forster, F. G.. 11021 89th Ave.. 


183 Hill-Tout. Prof. Charles Uni- 

versity Club. Vancouver. 

184 Holland. George C. Box 141. 

Senate P. O.. Ottawa. 

185 Imrie, John M., The Journal, Ed- 


186 Kirchholfer, Mrs. Nesbitt, 322 

Cooper St., Ottawa. 

187 ifacLean. Miss I. A. R., 833 

Broughton St., Vancouver. 

188 McNally. G. Fred., Dept. of Edu- 

cation. Edmonton. 

189 Mellish. Miss Annie E.. 1124 Bur- 

rard St., Vancouver. 

190 Nelson. John. 2566 York St., Van- 

101 Xoble, William H.. 11610 82nd 
St., Edmonton. 

192 Odam. ^^rs. A. J., 106 Driveway, 


193 Rorison, Mrs. Jean Kilby, 1261 

Beach .Ave.. Vancouver. 

194 Rutherford, Hon. A. C, 1153 Sas- 

katchewan Drive. Edmonton. 

195 Seymour, Mrs. L. J., 902 B. C. 

Permanent Loan Bldg., Victoria. 

196 Shaw. Mrs. B. M. Hay, Box 257. 

.\ntigonish, N-S. 

197 Tache. J. de L., 206 Stewart St., 

108 Watt, Frederick B.. 10029 113th 
St., Edmonton. 


April. V>22 



Popular Copyright Fiction 

At a Popular Price 

Which Makes for Big Selling 

The bread and butter line of the book business 
always to the fore 

Think of the 
potential market 
for our Big Books 





1, it RIM O' THE 

^:r If 

The bread and butter line or 

Grosset & Dunlap Popular Copyrights 

They are popular for every store and suitable 
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Here are Five Headliners for 

the First Few Months 

of This Year 

The Grosset & Dunlap Pop- 
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every book department 

By Zane Gre\- 
By B. M. Bower 

The Man of the Forest 

Rim o' The World 

Penrod (Wesley Barry Edition) By Booth Tarkington 

The Hermit of Far End By Margaret Pedler 

The Luck of the Mounted By Ralph s. Kendaii 






which when feat- 
ured sells other 
books too 

They sell to regular bookreaders, and they sell to people who don't 
read books regularly. Everybody is fascinated. You catch 
'em coming and going 


GEORGE J. McLEOD, LIMITED, Selling Agents, - Canada 
Grosset & Dunlap, Publishers, - 1140 Broadway, New York 

A List of Books for the Author 








and 29. 



The Writers' and Artists' Year Book. 

A directory for Writers, Artists and Photographers, 
giving in compact form addresses of Canadian, Ameri- 
can and English Editors to which M.SS. may be sent, 
and the kind of copy preferred. $1.50 

The Reader's Digest of Books. 


It summarizes concisely and with excellent taste the 
plots of over four hundred of the world's best novels, 
and should prove an invaluable desk companion for the 
student of literature. $5.50 

A Manual of the Short Story Art. 
By GLENN CLARK, Professor of English 
at Macalester College. (Ready Shortly). 

The student is introduced to the mysteries of writing, not 
by theories, but by stimulating and inviting exercises. 
The book is easily adaptable to advanced courses in 
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Saturday Papers. 

By HENRY SEIDEL C.\NBY and Others. 

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writing. $1.10 

Notes for the Guidance of Authors. 

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Who's Who, 1922. 

30,000 biographies of eminent English and American 
men and women of the time. The book is unique, and 
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Readers and Writers. 

By A. R. ORAGE. 

Being literary essays in miniature, selected from the weekly 
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Familiar Quotations. 


A collection of passages, phrases, and proverbs traced 
to their sources in ancient and modem literature: no 
writer can afford to be without "Bartlett." $6.00 

The More Important New Canadiana 

Louise Morey Bowman. 


Mrs. Bowman's fastidiousness and unerring fineness of instinct 
set her apart from many of the poets of the day. The freedom of 
her verse never degenerates into hcense. and she has set up an ideal 
which many of otir younger versifiers might follow with advantage. 

E. K. and E. H. Broadus. 


The editors have sought to make a representative selection of 
Canadian poems and prose of genuine worth, which reflect the love 
of country and of Empire. For the first time the wealth of Canadian 
prose writing is apparent. 

Mazo de la Roche. 


This is a fanciful, fantastic and beautifully whimsical story of the 
gay adventures of childhood, by a Canadian author. 

E. A. Hardy. 


It contains selections from Canadian poets, old and new. Its 
excellence is its discrimination in selection. 

W. H. Blake. 


Mr. Blake, alike as the author of "Brown Waters" and the trans- 
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his new book, as all his work, is scholarly in treatment and re- 
freshing and delightful in theme. 

V. Stefansson. 


This book has taken its place as one of the most fascinating and 
valuable tales of polar exploration that has ever been written. It 
comprises 780 pages, and is profusely illustrated. 

George Elmore Reaman. 


A book of instruction in modem language: in reality a method 
of teaching English to foreigners. A splendid book for instructors 
and teachers. 

Agnes C. Laut. 


Miss Laut pleads for a sane Canada; a whole, strong Canada, facing 
boldly the problems of these vital years. 

The Macmillan Company of Canada^ Ltd. 

St. Martin's House /^^^^ TORONTO 

Vol IV. New Series 


No, 6 


25c. a copy- 

Published monthlv b\' 


263 Adelaide St. West. Toronto. Canada 

$2.00 a year 



A Novel of To-day 

By WILLIAM DANA ORCUTT, Author of "The Moth," "The Lever," "The Spell," etc. 

Crown Svo. With Colored Wrapper. Pp. viii -;- 351. $2.00 net. 

Mr, Orciitt ha.s written many successful novels but none so vital as this vibrating story of to-day. He develops 
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The theme provides an exciting plot involving a strike, forgery and murder, with a criminal who cleverly defies 
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The jacket illustration sounds the keynote of the story. "When Justice recognizes its injustice, then is justice 


of Trinity College, Cambridge. Author of "Garibaldi and the 
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This book is essentially modem in treatment. The game is 
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The Reconnaissance of I 92 1 

By Lieut.-Colonel C. K. HOWARD-BURY, D.S.O., and Other Members of the Expedition. 

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A map compiled by the Royal Geographical Society from the surveys of Major Morshead and Major Wheeler 

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Sketching Without a Master 


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for Amateurs 


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The following titles from LA COLLECTION NELSON have won the great 
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Un Philosophe sous les Toits Emile Souvestre 

Hien Le ^lalioul Emile Nolly 

Napoleon et la Paix Arthur-Levy 

La Vie d'un Simple E. Guillaumin 

Price, 60c each 

Complete list of this series of over 160 titles sent on application 


Hobby Book Series. 

Gardening. By Archibald Williams. Contains 8 colored plates and 120 

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Thomas Nelson & Sons, Limited 

77 Wellington Street West, Toronto 

The Canadian Bookman 

A Monthly devoted to Literature, the Library and the Printed Book. 

B. K. SandweU, Editor. 

Editorial Office: 70 McGill College Ave.. 






F. I . Weaver, Managing Director. 

Publication Office: 263 Adelaide Street W., 


Vol. IV.— No. 6 


$2.00 a year 
25c a copy 

The Annual Meeting 

THE proceeding.s of the annual meeting of the 
Canadian Authors Association will be duly 
recorded in the next issue of The Canadian 
Bookman. For the present issue we must content 
ourselves with recording that the meeting was an 
e.xttremely enthusiastic one, and brought together a 
large number of professional and amateur writers 
and friends of literature from parts of Canada as 
widely separated as Vancouver and Nova Scotia ; 
that steps were taken for the amendment of the 
constitution so as to include artists and illustrators 
and musical composers in the membership ; that 
the report of the Copyright Cc»mmittee urging vital 
amendments in the Copyright Act, 1921. and the 
immediate proclamation of the Act as amended 
was unanimously endorsed by the meeting, and was 
thereupon duly conveyed to the Minister of Trade 
and Commerce by a most imposing delegation, 
which was joined by many senators and members 
of the House of Commons ; and finally that a resolu- 
tion was adopted, on motion of Mr. J. Vernon Mc- 
Kenzie. calling for an import duty on magazines 
imported into Canada, assessed upon the volume of 
advertising matter contained m each copy of such 

Mr. McKenzie's resolution was to the effect that 
"Whereas, the Canadian market is now flooded with 
magazines, chiefly from the United States, which 
do not inculcate Canadian sentiment and nationality ; 
and Whereas, the large amount of advertising mat- 
ter in many of these magazines is detrimental to 
Canadian industry : and Whereas, this condition 
prevents the foundation of Canadian magazines, the 
growth of those which now exist, and thus restricts 
the market in Canada to the detriment of the inter- 
ests of Canadian writers : Be it Resolved, that the 
Canadian Authors Association go on record in favor 
of a dutv to be levied on the advertising matter in 
magazines imported into Canada ; and this meeting 
directs that copies of this resolution be sent to the 
Secretary of the Canadian National Newspapers and 
Periodicals .Association, to the Minister of Trade 
and Commerce, and to the ^linister of Finance." 

This resolution, which was adopted without dis- 
senting voice, was discussed at considerable length, 
and the principle involved appeared to receive the 
emphatic endorsation of every member present at 
the meeting. In reply to a question as to whether 
it would militate against the importation of pe- 
riodicals from Great Britain and other parts of the 
British Empire, it was pointed out that, while it 
would establish a slight preference in favor of the 
domestic Canadian product, it would give the Brit- 
ish periodicals a decided advantage over ninety-nine 

per cent, of the American periodicals which are now 
flooding the Canadian market, for the reason that 
the proportion of advertising to reading matter is 
immensely higher in the American publications. 
This proposal for a tax upon the advertising matter 
contained in imported magazines has received the 
endorsation of the Association of Canadian Clubs 
and other important pul)lic bodies, and in view of 
the Government's present need for revenue there 
seems to be good reason to expect that it may 
shortly be adopted. At any rate, it is an object for 
the attainment of which the Canadian Authors As- 
sociation may very well work with a conviction 
that in so doing it will be advancing the interests of 
Canadian literature. 

Another Book Week 

THE proceedings of the annual meeting of the 
Canadian Authors Association made it evi- 
dent that there was an overwhelming majority 
of opinion in the membership in favor of the repe- 
tition of the propaganda effort which was so pro- 
ductive last year under the title of "Canadian Au- 
thors Week." but which this year will be more 
simply designated as "Canadian Book Week." That 
this method of propaganda was the object of a cer- 
tain amount of criticism on the part of some ele- 
ments within and without the Association is doubt- 
less known to all our readers. The attitude of those 
who deprecate the repetition of the effort was most 
ably and at the same time courteously voiced by 
Professor Pelham Edgar, but a large number of 
those present were evidently convinced that they 
had seen substantial benefits conferred on . the 
Canadian author as a result of the "Week" of 1921 
and that those benefits could again be obtained by 
a similar effort in 1922. 

The two arguments which have been most insist- 
ently urged against the Week are. first, that it is 
"undignified"; and. second, that it is a demand upon 
the Canadian public to read bad Canadian literature 
as much as good. As regards the first charge, it 
does not seem as if there can be anything undigni- 
fied in the mere act of asking attention for Cana- 
dian books, so that the lack of dignitj-, if any, must 
be in the manner in which the act is performed. We 
have found it practically impossible to get any of 
the critics of the ^^"eek to put their finger on any 
specific act or series of acts performed by the As- 
sociation or its members in connection with the 
Week which can be described as undignified, unless 
we are willing to admit (which we are not) that 
the very conjunction of the Association with the 
organization of the Canadian publishers is undigni- 
fied. In this connection it seems somewhat signifi- 



May, 1922 

cant that President J. M. Gibbon, who was the 
originator of the AVeek and in every respect its 
most active organizer, was called to the member- 
ship of the Royal Society of Canada at its very first 
meeting after the holding of the Week, a fact which 
suggests that that verj- dignified body must have 
regarded the promotion of a Canadian Authors 
Week as entirely compatible with the correct be- 
havior of a Canadian author. 

As regards the charge of indiscriminateness, we 
cannot too earnestly repeat that it is not and cannot 
be the function of the Canadian Authors Associa- 
tion to instruct the Canadian public in discriminat- 
ing between good and less good Canadian literature. 
The Association is not an Academy, and has neither 
the power nor the facilities nor the desire to pass 
judgment on the literary merits of any Canadian 
writer, be he in or out of its membership. Through- 
out its propaganda last year it laid constant em- 
phasis on the need for good judgment by the Cana- 
dian public in the selection of Canadian books ; but 
the formation of that judgment is not one of the 
Association's functions. It cannot collect an an- 
nual fee from Brown. Jones and Robinson, all three 
Canadian authors, for the purpose of telling the 
public that Jones is a better literary artist than 
Brown, but not so good a one as Robinson. In this 
connection there is. we fancy, a certain amount of 
misunderstanding of the words "of recognized po- 
sition in his or her profession as author" which 
occur in the definition of membership. The idea 
that this means only such persons as the Executive, 
or the body of writers already admitted to mem- 
bership, would by a majority vote attest as being 
"good" writers is surely a complete mistake. The 
Association is not a private literary club; it ts an 
organization which aims to represent the interests, 
and so far as possible to include the persons, of the 
whole body of writers engaged in practising the 
profession of letters. It is for the critics, the pub- 
lic and posterity to decide which of them are "good" 
authors and which are not. 

There will therefore be another Week, early in No- 
vember, in which the public will again be reminded 
that it owes to its Canadian writers (good and bad 
alike) the duty of informing itself as to the merits 
of their work and supporting such portions of it as 
appear to be worth}- of support. It is the unani- 
mous opinion of those who have been in a position 
to estimate the purely commercial results of last 
year's Week that it led to a pronoimced increase in 
the demand for the works of best literary quality 
and little if any stimulus to'the sales of the poorer 
bool*s of the season. With every succeeding year 
we shall be dealing with a public ever better in- 
formed and better qvialified to judge the wares pre- 
sented before it. and the danger that it will be stam- 
peded by Canadian Book Week into buying a poor 
book merely because it is Canadian will be less and 
less. And anyhow, who is to say that the man who 
buys even a poor Canadian book would not have 
been worse ofif if he had bought an equall}' poor 
American one or a jazz record for his phonograph 
or a pair of seats for some wildly impossible movie 

A Word to the Reader 

IN our lai^t issue we attributed to Professor A. 
IMacMechan, of Halifax, a somewhat pertinent 
epigram dealing with the unwillingness of Cana- 
dians to read one another's books. Professor Mac- 
Mechan immediately wrote to us in "horror and 
contrition." disclaiming the epigram and ascribing 
its authorship to a lad)' of his own Province, whom 
he describes as "the wittiest woman in Canada." 
But before we had a chance to attach the new signa- 
ture to it (how fortunate that we did not convert 
this magazine into a weekly while we were at it !) 
the distinguished author of the Nova Scotia Chap- 
Books sent us a disclaimer, just as emphatic as his 
own. from the lady in question, so that we are now 
complete!}' in the dark as to the epigram's patern- 
ity. Readers are invited to send in their claims, or 
those of their friends. 

In our last issue we made Mr. Alfred Gordon 
say, in a comparison of the novel with poetry, that 
the former "has its own difficulties and problems, 
especially for the imaginative mind, which is natur- 
ally supposed to be intellectual." What Mr. Gordon 
actually wrote was "which is naturally opposed to 
the intellectual." These are the things which con- 
vince authors and editors alike that all is for the 
wcirst in the worst of all possible worlds. 

We trust that Mr. R. E. Gosnell, of Ottawa, will 
receive a widespread response to his request for co- 
operation in his task of preparing the biography of 
the late Hon. David Mills. The destruction by fire 
of the deceased statesman's correspondence leaves 
a blank which can only be filled with the aid of 
those who possess letters written by or to him in 
the period of his political activity. 


(In Memoriam Marjorie Pickthall). 
Song sang not here thro' any sweeter lute 

Lays lovelier of life, more silver)' clear; 
Beauty more faultless in its flower and fruit. 

Song sang not here. 

Song, whose light wanes not. nor whose leaves wax 
Held not a spirit in its high pursuit. 
To its own .soul more dedicate and dear. 

O lyric soul, now all untimely mute. 

.Singer acclaimed of all our sweetest, peer; 
Songs that pierced deeper to the spirit's root, 

Song sang not here. 

* * * 

True voice of song, the bright, diviner bays, 

That bind the muse's brow, shall bind more strong 

Thy name to time's remembrance in thy lays, 
True voice of song. 

Romance that lured thy genius to the throng 
That crowd her fair and profitable ways. 
Won thee not whollv, tho' she woo'd thee long. 

The time-enduring meed of all men's praise, 

Tha,t hope of fame man cannot quench or wrong, 

Crowns thee the deathless singer of our days, 
True voice of song. 

—J. C. M. DUNCAN, in Montreal Star. 

Mav. 1922 

r.1.V.l/>/.l.V 7?(>OA'.V.4.V 


Marjorie Pickthall as Artist 


FRIENDS of Miss PicktlK.ll. 
when they knew that 1 had 
had a little correspondence 
with her, told me that in all 
probability I knew her better 
than they did, so reticent was she 
in conversation. There is possibly 
some truth in this, though I think 
these friends were not intini.itc; 
and I do not presume that Miss 
Pickthall revealed herself as much 
as, let alone more than, to any of 
her intimate friends. However, 
it is natural for a writer to find 
freer expression in writing than in 
speech, and Miss PickthallV let- 
ters to me are of peculiar interest, 
for they are largely devoted to 
literature, so that they throw 
considerable light upon her artis- 
tic personality, and this, in any 
hrst-rate poet (and tirst-rate she 
was), is always vital. It is, in- 
deed, so vital that although I have 
some diffidence in extracting 
from them so soon after her 
death, yet it seems preferal)le to 
do so when they are most likely 
to command attention, even 
though some of that attention 
savors of the vulgar curiosity 
shown by many whenever a 
figure of public importance passes 

:^ ^ ^ :^ :i: 

Miss Pickthall's letters to me 
commenced with a reply to a note 
I sent her when, in "The Uni- 
versity Magazine," she printed 
"The Little Fauns to Proserpine," 
a poem which commanded a per- 
sonal tribute, which I would have 
paid earlier to poems of equal ex- 
cellence, but that I did not know 
of them, not having come to 
Canada before they were pub- 
lished. It never needed more 
than one of her best poems to 
lead any lover of poetry to hail 
l>er as a genius, and it did not re- 
quire the copies of "Fame" and 
"St. Yves' Poor." which she 
kindly sent me. when I asked to 
see more of her work, to convince 
me of the fact. 

At that time, the Spring of 
1912, I was about to print 
"Ennoia" in the same pages, and 
I sent Miss Pickthall a copy; 
while later I sent her a manu- 
script copy of my poems as they 
were then, few of them being in- 
cluded in m}^ actual first volume, 
published in 1915. It was in her 
criticism of the manuscript col- 


lection that she declared her own 
]H)ctic faith. The collectiem drew 
from Miss Pickthall the round 
assertion: "It is only fair to warn 
you that I disagree with almost 
every article of your poetic 
creed" ! though I ought to say 
that the letter from which these 
words are taken has also one or 
two com])limcnts which I felt 
were all the more sincere because 
of the candiil expression of her 
disagreement. I say this not in 
defence of mvself. but merelv to 


The day you died, that April 
1 was alone in sunny meadow 
When, turning a dark clump of 
v^intry leaves, 
I caught a glimpse of exquisite 
fresh faces 

Renewing Earth. 

Then, thinking of another April 
When you and 1 found bloom 
beneath the snow, 
I sent you happy thoughts across 
the world 
Not dreaming it the hour you 
were to go — 

But yesterday. 

Yet O, Not Lost, how many a 
year shall turn, 
And youth and age, lonely for 
some bright way. 
Shall sudden feel you on the face 
of Earth 
And push back death and pluck 
you like the may — 
Immortal Song. 

Katherine Hale. 

prevent anyone from having the 
impression that Miss Pickthall 
was in the least ungracious. In- 
deed, her graciousness has made 
it difficult for me to quote from 
her letters, since it is of her, and 
not myself, I wish to write; and 
from the letter fulfilling the above 
warning I have deleted all refer- 
ence to certain poems she praised 
and excepted from her criticism, 
which is here given : 

"If I have hesitated over the 
criticism of your poems, it has 
been more as a result of what you 
told me in one of your letters as 
to your aims and opinions than 
anything else — I felt after that I 
could not justly criticize your 
work, because vour views wer» so 

o]>posc(] to my own. For in- 
stance. \ou hold the form of a 
poem i>i supreme im])ortance ; I 
believe in the supremacy of 
thought. You told me some of 
the ])()ets that you jiarticularly 
admire; 1 hold it a pity to follow 
any lesser light than that of the 
stars. . . . Do you not think that 
in laying down such rigid rules, 
in following so closely certain 
forms of verse, you are fettering 
yourself a little too much? Are 
you not in danger, in some of 
your more serious pieces, of over- 
weighting your thought in a 
heavy mechanism of verse?" 

Even mo;^e positive was a judg- 
ment passed in a letter dated May, 
1921. acknowledging my "Cana- 
dian Bookman" articles on scan- 
sion, which, she said, "leave me 
more firmly rooted than ever in 
my opinion that it is a fatal mis- 
take for any writer of English 
verse to form a rigid scheme of 
construction and melody. If 
Lanier, for instance, had written 
less consciously, he would have 
been the greater poet." and it is 
interesting to note that in a letter 
nearly nine years earlier, gently 
referring to her first criticism, 
she wrote : "It seemed to me that 
I detected in your work a certain 
idealization of rule and mechan- 
ism — the same that ruined so 
much of Sidney Lanier's work." 

It is, of course, possible to reply 
that Milton, Swinburne and 
Tennyson are notable examples 
illustrating that systematic pro- 
sody is not opposed to inspired 
creation ; but it is not now my 
purpose to do more than present 
Miss Pickthall's own very strong 
conviction, which yet again was 
expressed in a humorous request 
that I should forgive her criticism 
"as you have wrung from me the 
humiliating confession that I for- 
gtit all about Iambics and Spon- 
dees at the same time I forgot 
irregular verbs and 'If a railway 
train travelling a distance of 349 
m. at the rate of 49.305 m. per 
hour,' etc., etc." 

It is, however, I think, fair to 
say that Miss Pickthall, like most 
people, was not especially fond of 
that which she was not especially 
well able to do. Thus, her son- 



Mav. 1922 

nets are not remarkable, and, in a 
letter dated April. 1912, she 
wrote : "I have given up attempt- 
ing sonnets. I find that trying to 
rhyme them is ruinous to the 
temper." The sonnet was always 
for her an "exotic form" as she 
agreed with me in describing it, 
and its rigidity repelled her, 
though she could appreciate the 
success of others in it. She was 
ever more a "l:)orn singer" than a 

Nevertheless, I am inclined to 
think that Miss Pickthall, like 
Tennyson (who certainly held 
that a poet should be in some sort 
a seer, yet concluded "after all, it 
is not so much what we say, as 
how we say it, that matters"), 
was more concerned with form 
than she thought she was. It 
was, I think, the terminology of 
technique, and not technique 
itself, that affronted her. Almost 
all the judgments passed in her 
letters to me have to do with the 
"music" and not the "message" 
of the poem. Thus, in telling me 
that the third chapter of Eccles- 
iastes is the best key to the 
mysteries of "A Saxon Epitaph" 
(I was not certain that she meant, 
as I thought, and as she con- 
firmed, that the "earth" that 
I)uilds on the earth is man), she 
continued : "The first verse is a 
genuine Saxon fragment ; I was 
fascinated by the austere, almost 
classical, melody." Thus, in 
criticizing my "Evening Prayer," 
she wrote : "I do not feel that I 
can very justly judge this poem, 
for the reason that it is written 
in a metre which, when only 
rhyming in alternate lines, I can 
never read with full pleasure ; it 
always gives, to my mind, a sug- 
gestion of heaviness to the lines. 
Nor can I follow your dissection 
of it without a great deal of 
study, for I always have to refer 
to a book before I'm quite sure 
what a Pyrrhic or a hypermetric 
should be — which is a very sad 
confession to be forced to make. 
Judging by ear alone, I should 
say 'Mars the aloofness of my 
listless air' was quite a good line; 
and that 'Of those who kneel here 
as thej- trustfully pray' was not. 
You will notice that in all the 
specimens which j-ou give of 
these irregularities, only one 
comes at the end of the line, and 
that is all sliding vowels that 
scarcely count. I don't like to 
meddle with the masters ; but 
take my own line that you quote. 

'The last, still, exquisite vision of 
your sleep" — and compare it with, 
say, 'The last, still vision of your 
exquisite sleep.' Don't you see 
how that extra syllable kicks in 
the end of the line?" Thus, she 
was kind enough to speak of the 
"restraint, sympathy and melody" 
of "The Little Church." but said 
nothing of the "content" of the 
poem, though in this instance the 
"thought" is far more important 
than the "form," which is identi- 
cal with Swinburne's "Before a 
Crucifix." There is a reference to 
Masefield, at the time of "The 
Widow in the Bye Street": "I 
agree with you entirely over 
^Iasefield's early work. Much of 
his later verse scarcely falls into 
the realm of poetry at all." (Since 
then I have formed a much more 
complicated estimate of Mase- 
field's work.) She greatly ad- 
mired Duncan Campbell Scott's 
"Xight Burial in the Forest." 
mentioning it twice in her letters 
to me. the second time in a pas- 
sage of high praise : "D. C. Scott 
seems to me to have done some 
of the best Canadian poetry — 
purely and naturally so — that 
ever has been done ; such things 
as his 'Half-Breed Girl' and 
'Night Burial in the Forest' will 
one day stand very high, I am 
sure; but his work is too quiet to 
win full recognition now." The 
first time Mr. Scott was not so 
fortunate, but as I have not 
spared myself I cannot spare him : 
"Fancy the man writing this ('The 
Beggar and the Angel') who also 
wrote 'Night Burial in the Forest' ! 
It is almost incredible, and a 
Warning to all Poets." The 
humorous capitals are very char- 
acteristic, and were my reason 
for being so cruel as to quote the 
passage, and I ought to say that 
he would not have received this 
castigation except for my insti- 
gation ! All these judgments 
show a very strong preference 
for purely lyric work, and lyric 
work, moreover, possessed of a 
certain lightness and easiness of 
melody. This I could show better, 
did I feel at liberty to quote in 
full her judgments of my own 
work. Perhaps I may just say 
that she liked "Magic"' very much, 
and that her first choices out of 
mj- "Vimy Ridge" collection were 
"Roses" and "The Poet." 

=!i * * * * 

Possibly the most interesting 
letters Miss Pickthall wrote to 
me are the last two, dealine 

largelv with her poetic-drama, 
"The 'Wood Carver's Wife" : "I 
simply- cannot understand why 
Dorette's part should be con- 
sidered the most important. Her 
qualities are 'all on the surface.' 
as it were, and if they require a 
certain passion in the acting, they 
do not require depth or reserve. 
Jean's part is. of course, the chief 
one. To me, it overshadows the 
others. I can hardly bear to think 
they (The Community Players, 
Montreal) made that suave little 
Ijrute. Shagonas, into a sugary 
child. . . . Did they? You per- 
ceived, of course, the cruelty be- 
hind his brief speeches ; and it 
was such an important note in the 
play that I am sorry, especially. 
if it was lost. He should have 
been about sixteen years old." 
and again, "I had not thought it 
possible to give the part of 
Dorette such prominence. And 
to prettify Shagonas — O dear!" 
The letters from which these ex- 
tracts are taken were in reply to 
copies of "The Critic" (now de- 
funct) containing my review of 
the performance and an article on 
her poetry, chiefly devoted to 
"The \\'ood Carver's Wife." I am 
more proud of that article than of 
anything else I have ever done, 
for these letters show that it pre- 
sents the play as she would have 
presented it herself. 

:^ lit ^ :^ :!/; 

Taken all together, her letters 
to me show that, despite the con- 
trary impression some people 
might gain from reading her 
poetry, she was not in the least 
afraid to speak a very decided 
mind when sure of her audience. 
Whereas many would expect to 
find her shrinking back fragilely, 
she is full of spirit and fire, 
though no one could take a stand 
more gracefully. For example, 
there was a Mr. Jones, to whom 
Sir Andrew (then Doctor) Mac- 
phail entrusted the reviewing of 
her first collection of verse. It 
was an atrocious review, giving 
all too scant praise to at least 
twenty-one of the forty-three 
poems it contained, and taking 
her to task for a handful of some- 
what "literary" poems like "In 
the Gardens of Shushan." I 
wrote in high dudgeon to Miss 
Pickthall. and she replied: "I 
must also thank you for \-our re- 
marks about Mr. Jones' article. 
Being the object of the critique. 
I naturally hesitated to express 
my own opinion that he did not 

Mav, \'U2 



kiinw ;i \iT\ ureal iK'al ali'iit 
|)cn'ti\. Init tiiiw \iiu liave sail! as 
iinu'h. I ran lie allnwcd In a^ice 
with \iiii." Sliuwinp; the same 
spirit, is the etMisdlatinn she 
otTcred me (>\er some rejertcd 
work, telliii.y: me that her " \r- 
murel" was rejeeted n{ e(htors 
cifjlUeeii times before it aijjiearcd 
in "'I'he L^niversity Masja/.inc." 
Artluir S\'mons told (ieurge 
Moore tliat w lien a manuscript 
was returned to liiin lie never 
doubted tlic editor to be a fool, 
and that he eould not understand 
George Moore's lack of l^elicf in 
his own work side by side with 
unflagoins;' perseverance. I do not 
think Miss Pickthall lacked belief 
in her work, but her respect for 
editors, and her perseverance, as 
attested by the fortune of "Ar- 
morel," were remarkable. 

All who ha\e read "Wiltshire" 
know that Miss Pickthall had a 
keen sense of humor, ap|)arent in 

some of the extracts already 
L;i\en. but es|)ecially priceless is 
the following: "My two young 
cousins express their disapproval 
of my poetry with the utmost 
frankness. The only verses with 
which I have jileased them began 
with the immortal lines : 

"Nino little SufTolk pigs squeaking at 

the pate, 
A man came with a poke, and then 

there were eight." 

Her love of flowers and color 
appears over and over again, as 
in her first letter from London : 
"My^ one overpowering impres- 
sion is grayness and flowers. O, 
the flower-sellers at Picadilly 
Circus — wallflowers, narcissus, 
daffj'downdillies, Richmond roses, 
and violets — 'Only a penny a 
bunch, lidy, only a penny a bunch, 
fresh vi'lets'." 

Though in no sense a musician, 
she was fond of music, and. from 
St. I,eonards-on-Sea. she wrote: 

"No. I hadn't the opportunity of 
hearing 'Parsifal' before leaving 
London, but it was being very 
nuuh talked about. I do not tiiink 
1 enjoy music in Wagnerian 
<loses, which is perhai)S a sad con- 
fession to be forced to make. . . . 
I wonder if you are as fr)nd of 

Russian music as I am?" 


These letters attest that t'an- 
ada lost not only a great poet in 
Miss Pickthall, but also an en- 
tirely charming woman; and be- 
cause it may prevent a legend 
growing up. of a very different 
Miss Pickthall, who. it might he 
imagined, whisitered rather than 
spoke, instead of the vivacious 
writer of "that suave little brute. 
.Shagonas." the publication of 
these extracts, even so soon after 
her death, may he perhaps the 
best tribute than can be offered 
by a fellow-craftsman ^vho has a 
doubtful niche where she has 
surely an enduring shrine. 

The Dawn of Marjorie Pickthall's Genius 


INASMUCH as Marjorie Pick- 
thall. whose untimely death 
took place in .\pril. apparently 
did not entertain the customary 
feiuinine prejudice against per- 
mitting the public to know her 
age, it may not lie regarded as 
ungallant to say that my first 
meeting with that unique Can- 
adian literar}' genius took place 
just about nineteen }-cars ago. 
Miss Pickthall was at that titne 
living at 169 Markham Street, in 
the city of Toronto, a locality then 
inhabited quite exclusively by our 
own Canadian people, but now 
wholly in the hands of the new 
races from southern Europe who 
have come to make so much of this 
country their own. Marjorie Pick- 
thall was then very young, as well 
as very precocious, and gave un- 
mistakable promise of the many 
titles to fame which, since those 
years she so eminently attained. 
She had been winning a number 
of distinctions, all of course in lit- 
erary realms, and prizes for verse 
of a characteristically exalted 
order had come to her through 
contests in which she had been 
faced by skilful, and in many in- 
^ta^ces, veteran competitors. Shy, 

retiring, reserved, without any of 
the vulgar qualities which might 
ha\e given her peculiar access to 
■ditorial favor, as she appeared in 
those opening years of her juven- 
ile ambitions, it consequently fol- 
lows that it was entirely her 
marked and commanding abilities 
which bore her rapidly forward in 
the realm of literature where at 
he time of her much lamented 
<md premature demise she occu- 
pied a foremost and conspicuous 

Before me lie some of the 
memorials of those pioneer days 
of Miss Pickthall's journalistic 
achieveinents. They bring her 
back to memory, if indeed my re- 
collection needed any spur what- 
ever, as she was in the days w'hen 
she was beginning to create a 
stir in literary circles both inside 
and outside of Toronto. Among 
the memorials are sundry clip- 
pings from the newspapers of 
those far-off days — verses, short 
stories, brief essays, and some 
letters from her pen. In addition 
to these is a number of letters 
to the writer, all treating ener- 
geticallv and precisely of matters 
of literary concern. I also observe 
a cut from a contemporary news- 
paper, but in that cut I have never 
been able to see much of a re- 
semblance to her actual and well 

cut features as they presented 
themselves to me as she sat and 
discussed maturely many literary 
questions in the parlor of her 
Markham Street residence in To- 

A most marked quality which 
(n those days Miss Pickthall pre- 
sented, at least in my estimation, 
was the absolute possession which 
literature seemed to have taken of 
her mind. All around her were 
l)Ooks. .She appeared to have 
read, studied, and to have formed 
exceedingly definite opinions on 
them all. She displayed no indi- 
cation that anything else was cap- 
able of making any impression 
whatever upon her. Her conver- 
sation abundantly confirmed this 
impression, society, sports, and 
kindred matters being entirely 
outside of her realm. She did not 
appear to desire to impose her 
opinions on one until questioned 
in regard to them, but when that 
time came her method was one of 
the most unique that ever occur- 
red in mv personal experience and 
meeting with literary persons. 
^^■henever Miss Pickthall was 
asked a question, instead of enter- 
ing upon a lengthy explanation of 
the various aspects which it sug- 
gested, and the incidental prob- 
lems which it called to mind, as 
so many other persons would have 



Mav, 1922 

I)een tempted to do. she would 
pause a moment as if to obtain a 
full appreciation of all that the 
question actually meant, and then 
in lang^uage concise, choice and 
weighty, she would fiWe answer, 
the whole answer and nothing- hut 
the answer to the inquiry. In that 
connection I give expression for 
the first time to a thought which 
everv conversation I had with 
Miss Pickthall ever suggested. 
\Vhen a subject was presented for 
Iier consideration, she listened at- 
tentixely to what was expressed, 
then she sat silent for a time, dur- 
ing which it might be said that she 
was l)usily engaged in conveying 
the subject back into some inner 
mental sanctiiary where it might 
I)e thoroughl}- analyzed, after 
which her words came forth 
as briefly, carefully, definitely nnd 
in a single sentence usuall\-. she 
would voice her mature judgment 
upon the issue. That outstanding 
feature of Miss Pickthall's method 
of iiarticipatinsr in a conversation 
remains indelibly written upon 
my recollection. 

In the year 1904. a festival of 
some historical importance took 
()lace in the city of Toronto. Dur- 
ing a long succession of years 
l^rior to that date there had taken 
place a steady emigration of Can- 
adian citizens to many parts of 
the world, notably, of course, to 
the great American republic bor- 
dering our Dominion. ]\Iany of 
these wayfarers of course had 
gone thither from Toronto. Some- 
one conceived the notion of invit- 
ing these pilgrims to return, and 
to celebrate the return by a festi- 
^■al such as would have been 
worthv of the golden days when 
illustrious exiles were returning 
to the City of the A^iolet Crown. 
or the thronging thoroughfares 
which stretched across the Seven 
Imperial Hills. The Board of 
Trade, in the case of the Toronto 
homecomers, offered three prizes 
in the sums of $100. $50 and $25. 
for the three best poems on the 
sentiments which such a return 
from alien homes might suggest. 
Nearly two hundred poems were 
ofifered in competition. The judges 
were men well qualified to pass 
upon the contributions, if indeed 
any judges may be regarded as 
fitted for such a task. Tn the 
present case they were the late 
Professor Clark of Trinity Uni- 
versitv. Professor Maurice Hut- 
ton of Toronto University. Pro- 
fessor W. S. McKay of McMaster 

College, and Professor Pelham 
Edgar. The three prize winners 
were two veteran authors, Duncan 
Campbell Scott, and Miss Helen 
il. Merrill, while the competitor 
who ranked third in the contest 
was Miss Marjorie Pickthall. 
^Each competitor wrote on "The 
Home Comers." The third and 
the last stanzas of the twenty >-ear 
old girl's successful efifort in that 
competition are freighted with 
both poetic beauty and literary 
promise. Miss Pickthall. in these 
stanzas, says : — 
How many, wandering long in devious 

Have stood 'ncath alien skies at set 

of sun. 
When the hot labor of the day was 

And pierced with longing eyes the 

northward haze? 
Thinking the\- saw the well-renieni- 

hercd place. 
The old brown house, beneath fa- 
miliar stars. 
Green maple trees witliout the 

orchard bars. 
And by the open door, the mother's 


Then welcome them as well befits their 
worth — 
These kindred wanderers come from 

far and near ; 
Let the days pass in lengthening 
rounds of cheer ; 
While tranquil skies shine softly on the 

Let the deep circling woods, the fruit- 
ful plain. 
Show all their treasures to the pass- 
ing hours. 
And the rich land put forth her 
fairest flowers. 
Wlicn the Queen City greets her sons 

Miss Pickthall's work during 
liiis early epoch was extensive and 
varied. Tn a letter to the writer, 
dated May 20. 1904, she says: "A 
serial story of mine ran in 'East 
and ^^'est' during the early part 
of the year, as well as other 
shorter contributions which have 
appeared at various times. Next 
month tiie American magazine. 
'Short Stories,' publishes a prize 
winning poem »f mine, and more 
of my prose work maj^ appear 
later in the year." In this same 
letter Miss Pickthall's great desire 
for knowledge manifests itself 
"My reading, lately." she says, 
"has been anytiiing but system- 
atic. Rut shortly I expect to go 
in for a course of Norse, Irish and 
.\merican folklore. Dr. Bain (the 
ever helpful and encouraging 
librarian of the Toronto Pulilic 
Liljrary at that time), has been 
kind enough to put my name on 
his private list . . . folklore 
has alwaj's been very much tf5 my 

Just now. when Sir Arthur 
Conan Do}le's spectacular en- 
trance into the new and disput- 
able realm of spiritualism has 
awakened so much interest in 
both himself and his leading char- 
acters, it is interesting to hear 
-Miss Pickthall's opinion, formed 
many years ago, of that illustrious 
imaginary detective Sherlock 
I lolmes, whose fame is possibly 
as wide as that of literature it- 

Some time ago I had occasion to 
■ tate that I considered Sherlock Holmes 
one of the most superficial and ex- 
travagant characters in modern fiction, 
and I have seen no cause for changing 
my mind since then. As briefly as 
possible I suppose I had better give my 
reasons for this unorthodox opinion. 

First, the interest of the Sherlock 
Holmes stories depends, not on the 
figure of the great detective, but on 
the exciting plots and incidents sur- 
rounding him. For. could any novelist, 
even Conan Doyle, create a story of 
vivid interest concerning the charac- 
ter alone of Sherlock Holmes? Is he 
not merely the inartistic pivot on 
which turns a fine melange of criine, 
plot and hairbreadth escape? 

Second, he is not true to life. He is 
a polished-up version of the detective 
of melodrama. 

Third, from a literary standpoint of 
view. I think exaggeration savors of 
bad taste. And Holmes is all exag- 

Fourth, his famous system of seeing 
a button and therefrom building up a 
crime is distinctly weak, in spite of the 
fact that much of his fame is derived 
from it. His inferences, or wdiatever 
they are, are respectable logic as far as 
tliey go. but the falsity of the idea con- 
sists in the fact that two or three other 
trains of evidence, also logically true 
could be built up from that button. 
Therefore, a man of common sense 
would not trust to any one of them. 
But then S. Holmes has no common 
sense — nothing but inference. 

Fifth, the most conclusive to a reader 
with a sense of humor, he is all to 
easily parodied. 

A list of Miss Pickthall's favor- 
ite books as given by her in the 
year 1903 is worthy of more than 
;i passing consideration. In an 
article entitled "A Book-Lover's 
Confessions," published in a To- 
ronto newspaper in that year, she 
says : — 

I am usually orthodox in my tastes. 
"\'anity Fair." "David Copperfield," 
"Henry Esmond." "Pickwick Papers," 
"Toilers of the Sea." "Heroes and Hero 
Worship." "Cranford." Keat's Poems. 
"Paradise Lost," and the two greatest 
poems in existence, the Song of Songs, 
and the Book of Job, together with 
"The White Company," and "The 
Jungle Books," are, T suppose, my 
favorites, and need no further mention. 
White's "l'".ightcen Christian Centuries" 
and Ingram's "Flora Symbolica" arc 
two pets of mine also, and while 
they are less widely known than the 
others, require no apology. But how 

M:iv, l'>2_' 



am I to excuse the vioIei\t aiTeelinii I 
mice felt for "Marlitt's Seeonil Win '? 
... It wa.s a foolish story turning on 
the marriage of a Count with a ^irl 
wluiin he did not l<no\v well, and did 
not love. After a while her plainness 
turns to heaiity, and her hushand falls 
in love with her. There was also an 
interesting female villain. To this day 
1 eannot explain my infatuation for 
that hook. Perhaps it was owuik to 
that primitive sense of and love for 
poetic justice, which is found in most 
juvenile minds, and which makes t'in- 
derella so popular, lint 1 do not know. 

V<nt it is as a poet chicHy that 
.Mis.s Afarjoric I'ickthall will innrt' 
than likely lie lonp^est remeinher- 
ed by the countless multitudes 
who now mourn so g;enuincl\- her 
sore and early slipping from earth 
away, at the bidding; of the inex'i- 
table \-oice which comes at last 
to all. And some of her poetry of 
eighteen years ago is as dainty 
and as exquisite as any of which 
Canada is wont to justh' and 
proudly lioast. This, from the 
"Death of April." has all the 
lieauty and richness of imager\- of 
Kliss Carman, or that wondrous 
but now vanished singer of our 
country. William Wilfrid Camp- 

Tread softiv summer, for sweet .'\pril 
With hair outstretched upon the 
daisied sod ; 
J'hc life is fading from her wild blue 
.'\nd scarce the grass has lilted wlicre 
she trod. 

.•^peak softly now, nor with thy sum- 
mer smile, 
\'ex thou the soul of fair, dc p.-irling 
Spring. . 

I'or her the changing world must weep 
ICre yet thy gifts sh.ill gl.iddcn 

i-ay not thy costlier l)looms upon her 
As low she lies beside the murmuring 
Put pluck the first frail windllower 
growing Iiere, 
With bracken fronds and store of 

(fark how the ringdoves mourn among 
the trees. 
For her who erstwhile led their 
crooning lay. 
And throstle voices, borne upon the 
Have called for April since the dawn 
of dav. 

Tread softly, Sunniier, with thy balmier 
Thy golden sun and gently falling 
Thy flowers may bloom and all thy 
days be fair. 
Rut .^pril — April will not wake again. 

\\'ith this, also a prize winning 
production, "The Song of the Pix- 
ies," concludes these recollections 
of Miss Marjorie Pickthall, as she 
was and wrote in the early years 
of the present century, when her 
.genius was swiftly developing and 
her soaring wings were beating 
their certain ascent towards the 
fame which afterwards became so 
surely and pronouncedly hers. 
The song has the touch of art 
mingled with its lyrical beauty. 

and except for the maturity which 
of cotirse marks the progress of 
all writers as the developing and 
crowning years go hastening by, 
.'ind cunst(|uently became her por- 
tion in her after years' produc- 
tions, is as sweet and rich in 
imager\ as anything which has 
fallen from her pen. Mere are 
some of its stanzas: — 

(Ih. leave your lakelets and sedge- 
mantled reaches; 
The nurmaids are calling. O hasten 
with me. 
.\nd pla\- on the slopes (if the broad 
yellow beaches, 
Down by the sea. 

Down in the dingles the dew drops are 
Pearls on the cobwebs that hang 
from the flowers ; 
Moves now the wind with its tremul- 
ous shining. 
Fall they in show'rs. 

.See where fiie moonbeams, with soft, 
silver whiteness. 
Ripple the cornfields that lie 'neath 
the hill: 
Changing and shifting from shadow to 
brightness — 
Never once still ! 

Haste! let us haste by the low-sweep- 
ing willows, 
Down to the slopes of the tide- 
wrinkled sand. 
Mermaids are waiting a-rock on the 
Hand clasp'd in hand. 

Come! for too swiftly will hasten the 
Come ! for the yellow moon dips to 
the lea. 
Come ye and play, till the flush of the 
Down bv the sea! 

Canadian Writers Excel in This Sphere 

Their Output is in Great Demand 

RATHER a n interesting 
light on the criticism of 
Canadian literary produc- 
tion, came along the other dav 

from a new source. ']"he writer 
picked n[) a recently established 
-Sunday School periodical for 
young people, published by one 
of the denoiuinations in Xash- 
\ille, Tennessee, and saw the 
names of three Canadian writers 
— not ex-residents, but iieojile who 
are li\ing and working in Canada 
now. The first page and main 
story, for instance, of the publi- 
cation, was under the name ot a 
Toronto writer. Another one had 
(|uite apparently been submitted 
from Ottawa, and a special article 
on an interesting feature of Can- 

adian life, surprisingly, was from 
the typewriter of another Toronto 

On making inquiries at one of 
the larger denominational pub- 
lishing houses it was found that 
this was not an incidental case. 
Perhaps a dozen or more Can- 
adian writers are supplying stor- 
ies, verse, articles on special 
phases of religious education, to 
a score or more of United States 
publications as well as to similar 
periodicals in Canada. One writer 
who sells a large percentage of his 
output in the United States, notes 
that he has no difficulty in dispos- 
ing of anything he sends over, 
even to the very best publications. 
This is rather remarkable in the 
light of the fact that the same art- 
icles have been more than once 

rejected as unsuitable for publi- 
cation. The matter has gone so 
far that several of the editors of 
these publications across the liite 
are writing almost regularly to 
writers here to supply this sort of 
material, requesting more of it. 

The writer above suggested one 
or two reasons for this rather in- 
teresting situation. In the first 
place he observes that \ve seem to 
be somewhat ahead iii Canada of 
the United States' methods of re- 
ligious education. He sugs:ests 
further that with the plethora of 
popular magazines covering al- 
most every fictional feature, there 
is apparently a stronger appeal to 
United States writers to produce 
fiction for the purely commercial 
journals than for these others of a 
luore specialized religious type. 





The Man who made the Wild Goose Tame 


IT'S a difficult task to define in 
words so unusual a personality 
as Jack Miner. To realize the 
man who made the wild goose 
tame you must hear him speak. 
Then, by turns, he makes you 
laugh with his droll humor and 
impresses you with his tremen- 
dous sincerity. He grips your at- 
tention without seeming to try. 
He is too keenly interested in his 
message to feel concerned, either 
about his audience or about him- 

That, at least, is the vivid first 
impression he left with me, the 
first time I heard him speak, sev- 
eral years ago. 

Since then the story of Jack 
Miner has been told and re-told 
till it is familiar to most Cana- 
dians. But now that Jack Miner's 
unique personality has taken last- 
ing shape in a book, "Jack Aliner 
and the Birds." shortly to be is- 
sued by McClelland & Stewart, 
the story will bear re-telling. 

Jack Miner of to-day is a big, 
upstanding man of 56-^an out-of- 
doors man, essentially, with the 
out-of-doors habits of hard work- 
ing and clear thinking. As a boy 
he came to Essex County. On- 
tario. The "snarl of us ten chil- 
dren," as he aptly described the 
Miner family, got little education, 
and went to work early. "A dollar 
hill looked like a horse blanket" in 
those days ; so Jack and a favorite 
brother hunted for the market. 
They became wizards of the gun. 

Meanwhile, Jack grew up. raised 
a family, and sent them in due 
course to the backwoods Sunday 
School. They induced their father 
to attend. He could neither read 
nor write. His little folks taught 
him. He in turn taught Sunday 
School, quit shooting for the mar- 
ket — and then came those marvel- 
ous activities that have made 
Jack Miner known throughout 

The wild geese and wild ducks 
had known him as an enemy. Now 
came the thought : "Surely they 
would know a friend if they had 
one!" So Jack Miner set himself 
to make friends with the wild 

"Birds are wild because they 
have to be, and men are wild be- 
cause they want to be," is a char- 
acteristic bit of Miner philosophy. 
Jack's campaign of pacification 

was infinitely patient. First, a 
bird or two ventured upon his 
ponds, and nibbled his tempting 
corncobs. Next season there came 
a larger company. So bird inter- 
est grew from year to year. Now, 
in March and April every year the 
wild geese congregate b}^ hun- 
dreds and thousands. The good 
word has gone forth to the far dis- 
tances of North Carolina, Sas- 
katchewan and Hudson's Bay that 
this one spot in America is dedi- 
cated to the wild goose. And the 
geese understand. 

"Silly old goose" is a misnomer, 
according to Miner. "The intelli- 
gent Canada goose is the most 
godlv principled creature in the 
world to-day." And Jack, out of 
his wealth of experience, tells in- 
numerable stories to illustrate the 
love, heroism and loyalty of these 
splendid birds. 

It took four years to induce the 
birds to call. Eight birds consti- 
tuted the first visitors. Last year 
Jack Miner's feathered friends re- 
quired 1,600 bushels of corn for 
theiF menu at this half-way house 
betwixt North Carolina and Hud- 
son's Bay. 

The same birds come back. 
Jack Aliner has proved that. 
Among the thousands of birds 
that gather every spring at the 
famous goose pond near Kings- 
ville are many wearing aluminum 
"anklets," with which Jack has 
decorated them in previous years. 
Many such anklets have been re- 
turned to Jack Miner from points 
as far apart as the Gulf of Mexico 
:ind Baffin's Bay. As for the ducks, 
he has tags returned from 2^ dif- 
ferent states and provinces, the 
farthest south from Guydan, 
Louisiana, and the span of terri- 
tory east and west stretches from 
Long Island, N.Y., to Englefeld. 
Sask. Four million square miles 
of territory — yet, year after year, 
the birds come back to this same 

They know. 

It's an interesting sight to watch 
Jack Miner strolling through a 
flock of six hundred or more wild 
geese, the shyest birds alive. He 
talks to them in their own lan- 
guage — he has mastered several 
words in the goose vocabulary — 
.ind bosses them about as though 
they were a flock of barnyard 
ducks. The birds seem to know 

that they are safe from the hunter 
and that, backing up Jack Miner's 
efl^orts, the Dominion Government 
has made this spot a sanctuary 
for them. 

There is another story told by 
a man who motored down to 
Kingsville once with Jack Miner. 
.Away oft' against the sky hovered 
a flock of wild geese. ".Stop," 
commanded Miner, suddenly. 
"That's one of my birds." He gave 
a peculiar call; and the distant 
bird came volplaning down in an- 

That is how intimately Jack 
Miner knows the birds, and how 
intimately the birds know Jack 

Years before Jack Miner ever 
thought of putting his story on 
Iiaper he was widely known as a 
lecturer. He has told his story of 
the birds before all sorts of au- 
diences except uninterested or in- 
different ones. No audience, hear- 
ing Jack Miner, can long remain 
in that state of mind. 

He has addressed the Camp 
Fire Club of America at Del- 
monico's. New York; the Ameri- 
can Game Protective Association 
in the l>all room of the Waldorf 
.Astoria ; also the New York State 
Commission of Conservation at 
Albany, and the Geographical So- 
ciety and the Lake Shore Country 
Club at Chicago. He has ad- 
dressed the Commission of Con- 
servation at "Ottawa ; has twice 
spoken at Massey ITall, Toronto; 
and has addressed numerous au- 
diences in Ontario. Last winter he 
went back to address an audience 
at his native town of Dover Cen- 
ter, Ohio, and was met by the 
mayor and the Dover Center 
band. That, perhaps, was the 
triumph he prized the most. 

Throughout the touring sea- 
son, the old tile yard near Kings- 
ville is a great centre of attraction 
to motorists. It has seen scores 
of cars, hundreds of visitors, in a 
single day. They came from far 
and wide. Ilenrv Ford, Tv Cobb, 
Sir AVilliam Mulock, Hon. E. C. 
Drury — men great in the most 
varied fields of endeavor, find in 
Jack Miner and his work a com- 
mon theme of interest. 

"Farmer and Drain Tile Mer- 
chant." is the modest fashion in 
which Jack Miner's letter-heads 
stvle him. There was a time when 

.M:iv, l'i22 



Popular Authors on the Grosset & Dunlap List 

Whose Books Represent 


The Books 

.1/7' WeU Bound— 

Tliiii li'etail at a 

in Beaiitifitlli) IHuxlrnlrd — 

I'OJ'lILAJl I'ltlCK 



and are Tremendously Popular 

Grosset & Diiiihip V 

'r(ij)ped in Ilandscnie 

with the 


Colored Jackets 

Great Public 

Florence L. Barclay 





Jackson Gregory 

The novels of bfautiful, romantic 





is noted for his fascinating tales 

fiction by Florence Barclay are 




of adventure, and for the strong, 




vigorous and dramatic tjualities 

THP: rosary created a trenien- 
(Ions sensation and all