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Full text of "Cardiff records; being materials for a history of the county borough from the earliest times"

^8330 1941 3076 



M. evt 



QKNEALCGY COi-LECTlON 



tVTIIWlAWN PfHDM 

Free Public Library. 



Worrcnter, Mass., '\l.l1x]^^ lOUS 



\ 



Four Hundred Copies printed for the 

Records Committee of the Corporation of 

Cardiff. ^ 

190.9. 



This Copy is No. 




Town Clerk. 



215 



RECORDS 
OF THE 

COUNTY BOROUGH 
OF CARDIFF. 




r*-**.^ y:-^-.^«.*^^««^ 



CARDIFF RECORDS 



BEING MATERIALS FOR A HISTORY OF THE COUNTY 
BOROUGH FROM THE EARLIEST TIAIES. 



JOHN HOBSON MATTHEWS 

ARCHIVIST TO THE ConPORATION OF CARDIFF 

(Author of the '■History of the Boronsh of Snmt /wf, Cormrall." ) 



* 



PREPARED BY AUTHORITY OF THE CORPORATION, 

UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 

RECORDS COMMITTEE. 



VOL. V. 



C.^KDIFK; PUBLISHED BY ORDER OF THE CORPORATION 
AND SOLD BY HENRY SOTHERAN & Co., 140, STRAND, W.C, 
AND 37, PICCADILLY, W., LONDON. 100^ 



EDITORIAL PREFACE. 



The miscellaneous character of the "Cardiff Records," and the 
lack of arrangement in the manner of their presentation, arc, it must 
be confessed, still more evident in this fifth volume than in its 
predecessors. The mixed nature of the materials, ranging, as these 
do, from mediaeval charters to 19th-century tombstone inscriptions, 
and from Diocesan Act Books to the reminiscences of living persons, 
is not likely to incur the disapproval of the antiquary. It is otherwise 
with the admitted want of chronological sequence in the ordering ot 
the various classes of records. Thrs defect is one of which any 
student may reasonably complain. He is asked, however, to hold 
both the Records Committee and their Archivist excused for this 
shortcoming, on the ground that the scope of their research, at first 
restricted within narrow limits, was enlarged to its present range by 
several successive resolutions of the Borough Council, at considerable 
intervals of time. 

The reader who is more concerned with the monuments of 
antiquity than with the affairs of yesterday, may begrudge the space 
allotted in the present volume to recent Minutes of Council, and will 
perhaps think that as the Minutes were already printed and issued to 
the general public, it was superfluous to reprint extracts from them in 
this series. In anticipation of such an objection, I would remark that 
a person who should refer to the official Minutes of Council for concise 
information on a particular matter of permanent local interest which 
happened a few years back, would find his search an arduous one. 
What I have done in this respect has been to select, from that huge 
mass of dry reports, statistics and ephemera, just what seemed worth 
preserving and would increase in interest with the passing years, and 
to condense the same selections into readable and useful proportions. 



vi. EDITORIAL PREFACE. 

Some of these excerpts may appear insignificant, but each will be 
found, on consideration, to involve some point of local histor}' having 
its distinct value. 

The reason for offering translations of certain Latin and Welsh 
records which were alread\' accessible in the originals is, that I knew 
of no satisfactory' English renderings of those documents, and desired 
to place before the reader ray own versions of such important 
writings. 

In the chapter headed " Documentary Addenda," Thomas Jenkins' 
Deed Poll of i6oS should be read as following that of Elizabeth and 
John Hengod, 1606 (^Vol. IV., p. 139), relating to the old Almshouse 
in Church Street. 

Turning to the " Reminiscences of Old Inhabitants," the contri- 
bution of Mr. Luke Evans is noteworthy, not only for its antiquarian 
value, but also for the genuine humour of his racily-told anecdotes. 
In Mr. Evans' stories. Old CardifT lives again. We see Toby Philpot, 
the last of the Aletasters, hurrying off (about dinner-time) to execute 
his onerous official dut}' at the Glove and Shears. In imagination we 
join in chasing th.at hare which, one Sunday at noon, ran from the 
Blue Bell to the Cardiff Arms, with a posse of church-goers behind it. 
The Corner House still has its blinds drawn for the good old Squire, 
whose life has just run out like the choice port from the best cask in 
his cellar. Long may the aged but hale and vivacious Luke Evans be 
a familiar figure in Saint Mary Street ! 

The Schedule of Place-names will, I trust, be found instructive. 
It will not, however, have fulfilled its author's hopes unless it leads to 
the perpetuation of interesting Welsh appellations in the nomenclature 
of new streets, and to the tardy but welcome restoration of " Crock- 
herbtown " and its congeners. 

Chapters VIII. to XI. are entirely the work of the gentlemen 
whose names appear as their authors ; the Editor has had no share in 
their production. 

Much care has been expended on the Lists of Officials, but it was 
impossible to obtain a complete series of any one class. That of the 
modern Mayors and old Bailiffs is continuous from the year 16S4. 

The explanations and definitions given in the Glossary are 
original, save in the few cases where an authority is named. 



EDITORIAL PRKFACE. vii. 

With the completion of this fifth volume of " Cardiff Records " 
my duties as Archivist to the Corporation of Cardiff come to an end, 
after eleven years of arduous but congenial labour. I may be permitted 
to express in this place ray thanks to the Corporation, and in particular 
to the Records Committee, for the kindness and consideration which 
have marked their dealings with me all along. I am the first official 
and salaried Archivist ever appointed in the British Isles ; and it 
ought to be recorded, and not forgotten, that Cardiff was the 
municipality which led the way in thus recognising an important 
aspect of municipal affairs. 

JOHN HOBSON MATTHEWS, 
(" Mab Cernyw.") 
Monmouth. Saint David's day, 1905. 




«>AfM 



DI.SMANrLED COTTAGE AT WHITCHURCH. 



CONTENTS 



Editorial Preface. 



The Llandaff Act Books 

Dissertation 

Chapter Acts, Vol. I. (1573-17^ i ) 
do. Vol. 11. ;i7 — -1S16) 

Cardiff Council Minutes, 1SS0-1S97 

Dissertation 

Foundation of Free Library 

Birth of John, Earl of Dumfries 

Proposed Barry Dock 

Birth of Lord Niniaii Stuart 

Election riot 

Proposed Roath Park 

Tramway strike 

Opening of Claieuce Bridge 

The Marquess of Bute accepts the .Mayoraltv 

Records Committee appointed 

Archivist's Reports :- 

Chief Rent 

Herbert grant. . 

•' fthmor of Cardiff' " 

Pier Head dispute 

Tail Bed action 

Boiough Seal recovered 

Lord Windsor accepts the Mayoralty . . 

Local Charities inquiry 

The Prince of Wales auniilted to the Frcedo 

Bute Charitable Dowry Fund founded . . 

Selections from Archivist's Reports 



The City of Llandatt 
The Claim of Cardiff to be the Capi 
Tiic Corporation's Right to Levy iia 
Town Lands 



Wales 
Dues 



191 
196 

199 
204 
206 



204 
271 
277 



TUANSI.ATIONS FROM PRINTED LaTIN' AND WlXSH RECORDS 

Dissci'talioii .. .. .. .. ..281 

i. Hiut y Tyvvysogioii . . . . . . 284 

ii. Libi-'i- Landavensis . . . . . . . 286 

iii. William uf Malinesbuiy . . . . . . 2S8 

iv. Giraldus Cambrensis . . . . . . 289 

V. Aiiiiales de Thcokesburia . . . . 291 

vi. R.O. Printed Calendar of I'apal Registers ainuni; tlie 

Vatican Archives . . . . . . 293 

vii. Taxation of Pope Nicholas IV. . . . . 294 

viii. Chronicle of Matthew Paris . . . . . . 297 

ix. Valor Ecclesiasticus . . . . . . 298 

Documentary Addenda 



305 
307 



Dis^crtdtinu .. 

i. Particulars of Augmentation Grants . . 

ii. Deed Poll of 160S . . .. . . . . 308 

iii. Letter of 1 750 .. .. .. 309 

iv. Letter of 1 763 .. .. .. 310 

V. Record of the Com t i)f Piepowder, 1824 .. 311 

vi. Letter of 1S52 .. ,. .. .. 314 

VI. Reminiscences of Oed Inhabitants 

Disscrlatioi! .. .. .. .. 316 

William Luke Evans .. .. .. ■ 3'7 

William Morgan Ilier Evans . . . . 324 

George Tliomas . . . . . . 324 

William Lewis .. .. .. 327 

W. Uavies, Bridgend . . . . . . . . 327 

Mary Harris and Job Richanls . . . . . . 32S 

Eccentric Characters of Old Cardifl^ .. .. ■ ■ 33^ 

VI I. .Sciieduee of Place Names 

Dissertation .. .. .. .. 352 

'I'fxt ■ • . . . . . . ■ ■ 337 

Vlil. The MuNiciPALi.i and Corporation Plate. By Robert 

Urane . . . . . . . . . . 440 

IX, IIistcjrv ue the Cardiff Corporation Waterworks 

Undit-itaking. By Joseph Larke Wheatley .. 457 

X. Hi.-^ioRY of Christopher Love, M..A. By T. H. 

Thojias . . . . . . . . 470 



CONTENTS. xi. 

History of Rawlins White. By T. H. T. ., 475 
Notes on Map of The Manors. By John Stuart 

CORBETT .. .. .. .. .. 479 

XI. Members of Parliament for Cardiff By W. R. 

Williams . . . . . . . . . . 4S2 

XII. List of Officials 

Dissertation .. .. ■■ ■■ • • 508 

Mayors (ancient) . . . ■ • ■ • 5 ' - 

Bailiffs of Cardiff . . .. ■• ■ • SM 

Mayors (modern) .. .. .. ■• 5-' 

Serjeants-at-Mace . . . . . • • ■ 5^3 

Recorders. Stewards . . . ■ . • 5-'J 

Town Clerks .. .. •■ ■• ■ ■ 5 = 7 

Common Attorneys. Water Bailifls . . . . 528 

Town Criers. Aletasters. Medical Officers. Borough Surveyors 529 
Police Superintendents. Public Weighmen. Coroner. Borough 

Treasurers. Stipendiary Magistrates . . . . 530 

Customers and Collectors. Surveyors and Comptrollers .. 531 

Patent Searchers. Chancellors of Glamorgan . . 532 
Chief Foresters. Stewards of Glamorgan. Receivers. Clerks 

of the Peace of Glamorgan .. .. .. 533 

Sheriffs of Glamorgan .. .. ■• 534 

Stewards of Cardiff Lordship. Coroneis uf Glamorgan .. 537 

Judges of Great Sessions. Gate-keepers of Cardiff Castle 53S 

Chief Constables of Kibbor .. .. .. 539 

Bailiffs of Kibbor .. .. ' .. ..541 

Keepers of the County Gaol . . . . . . 343 

Constables of Llantrisant Castle. Portreeves of Llaiitrisaut 544 

Prevosts of Roath and Leckwith . . . . . . 545 

Prevosts of Whitchurch ; of Griffithsmoor ; of Pentyrch ; of 

Radyr . . . . . ■ . . 54^ 
Prevosts of Rempney ; of Cogan. Priors of Cardiff. Stewards 

of Llystalybont. Wardens of the Cordwainers and Glovers 547 

Clergy of St. John's. Churchwardens of St. Mary's .. 548 

Churchwardens of St. John's . . . . • • 55' 

Sidesmen of St. John's . . . . ■ • 554 

Organists of St. John's . . . . . . • ■ 55 

Parish Clerks, Sextons of St. John's .. .. 55^ 

XIII. Glossary •• •• ■■ • .-557 

Corrigenda and Addenda to the Five Volumes. 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



1 Lord Tredegar (Portrait) _ _ . _ F)-()i!tispiccc. 

2 Interior of Cardiff Castle Keep, with Portraits. 

17S9. {Julius CiTsar Ibbetsou) - - - face p. i 

3 View of Cardiff Castle, from the W^est. [E. II. 

Young) - - - - - - - ,, 17 

4 ■'Cardiff from thi'. Southwards," 1776. [P. 

Saiuiiiv] ------- ,,44 

5 " Cardiff FROM THE Eastward," 1776. [P. Samltn') ,, 49 

6 Central Library, Cardiff, South and East 

Fronts - - - - ■■ - ,, 52 

7 Cardiff, from the Newport Road, 1S26. 

[C. Da:vsj,i) ---.-- ,,65 

8 Crockherbtown, Cardiff, 1S26. [Jo/iii JJl'ck 

Bnmcfj - - - • - - ,, 81 

9 St. Mary Street, Cardiff, about 1S26. [John 

JVnk Brunei] ------ ,,07 

[O Portraits, ciira 1S30-40. (R. Dighlon) - - ,, 113 

Rowe's Square, The Hayes, St/i October, 1890 -\ 
^Carpenters' Arms Court, The Hayes, S/// Oel.i 

11 1S5C --------, ,,145 

ILandore Court, Back of St. Mary Street, 2S///i 

Feb., 1 90 1, (i) So'.tlh Side. (2) West Side 

12 The Four Elms, Newport Road - - - .. i95 



The " Hamadryad," Hospital Ship 



:o9 



-XIV. 1LLUSTRA1I0N5. 

14 \'iKw OF Cardiff Castlf, showing West Gate. 

[Artist ii!:k)u>icii) ----- face f>. 241 

I Cardiff Castlf (West Front), circa 1S30.J 
,5 [C. Norris) .-..__( ,^2 

(Cardiff Castle (West Front), recent -\ 

16 Plan of the Cardiff Docks, 1905 - - - o-o 

17 View OF Cardiff Castle. [Artist itiikiio'a'n) - ,, 281 

iS Portrait of John Bird - - - . _ ^^ ,q- 

I Brecon Old Bank, High Street - - -j 

19 'The Old Squire's Hocse, Corner of Church' .. 31S 

f Street, 1903 -----_] 

20 The Lovers' Walk, Plasnewydd Fields, 2=^th 

March, 1S82 ----.. ,,321 

I Ruins of Herbert House, Castle Gardens j 

-I - August, iSSS ----.' 

(King's Castle. Cowbridge Road - - -' 

The Old T.V.R. Station - - - . _ 

(Glamorgan Canal, near Old Sea Lock, Juij'.i 
22 ' 1S91 ------ .' ., 3-S 

IGlamgrgan Canal, entrance from the Sea, I 
' July, 1S91 ------ .1 

^^ (Examples of Old Th.vtched Houses in and near) 

"■■"I Cardiff ------- )' " ^3- 

Tiii: Grange Farm House, Clive .Street, 27/// 5c/>/., 
I 1890 ------ -i 

24 , Old Farm, " Cathays Grange," Llaktrisant, ,, 337 

I Street, 1890 ----- -I 

T^OATH Mill, 1890 ----- -| 

(Old Houses near Roatii Park. (i) Tv Dra:v.\ 
''^'> [2] The Dvffryn - - - - - - i' " 353 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

) RoATii Park — The Rock Gardf.n 
'(RoATH Park. — Islands in the Lake 



-» 



Roath Park. — View Looking to the West in the 
Pleasure Gardens - - . _ . 

Roath Park. — The Brook and Rustic Bridge 



28 



j Roath Park.— Two Views North Enn of Wild'/ 



Garden 



St. Mary Street, 1SS2. [The Oiur/fs Hotel, Piuc 
I Apple Inn, Rock and Foitiifain Iiiii) - -I 

29 Quay Street, 1S91 - 

JThe Globe Hotel, Castle Street, 1903 - -I 

'The Masons" Arms Hotel, Queen Street, 1903' 

30 JARVi^iERE {presenied hv ^■i/cieruian Brain) 

31 Eperg^-e [presented by Sir Thomas Morel) 

32 The Mayor's Chain -----.. 

33 The ALxyoress's Chain [Badge and tzvo Sections) 

34 Loving Cup [presented by Lord Bute, 1S91) - 

35 Silver Plate presented as a Memorial of the 

Coronation of King Edward VIL and Queen 
Alexandra ----_. 

36 Cardiff Corporation W.-vterworks. Tlie CantreJ 

Reservoir [looking South) - - - - 

37 Cardiff Corporation Waterworks. The Cantref 

Reservoir [looking North) - - - . 

38 Cardiff Corporation Waterworks. The Beacons 

Reservoir [looking South- J Vest) 

39 Cardiff Corporation Waterworks. The Heath 

Filter Beds, Cardiff - - - . - 

40 Christopher Love (Portrait) - . . _ 



face p. 369 



3S5 
43S 

449 
450 

451 
453 
455 

456 
461 

4*35 
467 

469 
473 



xvi. ILLUSrRATUJNS. 

41 Christmas Evans (Portrait) 

J.2 Map of the Manors - - - - 



/are/.. 474 
., 4S0 



43 Five I-3ells Court, and Entrance to Grey Eriars. 

[C. E. Robinson) ------ 

44 The Higher Grade Schools - - . - 

45 Virgil Street Board Schools - - . - 



497 

529 



SUPPLEMENTARY ILLUSTRATIONS. 

(T)Alvered M SuUcvihcvs paAai separately.) 

46 Map of the Centre of Cardiff in 1S51. 

47 St. Mary Street, Cardiff, 1S40, y/iozviiii^ dajnarrr c/onc by a 

flood in tlic viva- Taff (Mrs. //. G. I'>,ulni-Po:.'cll) 



Sa.^ 






'f1 



.>^8Si#l 






>■■'• -,----- J«^^.<M-.d l'i^:'i''Jl.w--■-^^^^^--■ 






:L^MB^ 



ai^ 



ROATH court. 




CARDIFF RECORDS. 

CHAPTER I. 

^be !ILlan^atf Bet ifiSooks. 




the muniments belonging to the 
Dean of Llandaff, the most im- 
portant are the Act Books, which 
contain Minutes of the official 
business of the Bishop, Dean or 
Archdeacon and Chapter of a 
diocese. The Act Books of the 
Diocese of Llandaff are in the 
custody of the Chapter Clerk, Mr. J. E. Gladstone, 
Solicitor, and are preserved in the offices of his firm, 
Messrs. Williams & Gladstone, Great Western Approach, Cardiff. 
I must express my acknowledgments to the Very Rev. The Dean, for 
his kindness in allowing me free access to the records of his Chapter, 
and to the Clerk for the courtesy with which he facilitated my 
research.' 

The Acts of this diocese are written in a series of folio paper 
books, bound in calf, the first of which comprises the years 1573 — 

'I desire also to th.Tiik Mr. j. K. Williams, M.A., for shewing mo some seven- 
teenth-century Court Kolls of the IVlanor of Talyvan, of which he is Steward. 



2 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1 72 1. The earlier portion is only a copy, however; for in the year 
1664 the old Act Books were found to be so worn out, that the 
Chapter ordered their contents to be transcribed into a new book. 
This was done before Midsummer 1666, when it was decreed that the 
transcript should be examined. A few leaves of the original are still 
preserved with the other records. 

At the commencement of the first volume, the business of the 
Chapter is entirely in Latin; but the use of that language was already 
on the decline, and it becomes rarer and rarer, until, towards the 
middle of the 17th century, English is employed for all but the most 
formal entries. Latin hardly occurs at all after 1663. 

These records relate practically to every parish in the counties of 
Glamorgan and Monmouth, but I have extracted only what has 
reference to the Cardiff district. The town of Monmouth (north-east 
of the river Monnow) with the parish of Dixton in that county, was 
at this time in the diocese of Hereford ; but Newland in Gloucester- 
shire, on the left bank of the Wye, belonged to Llandaff. The 
business comprises the election of the Bishop, the appointment of the 
Prebendaries and other office-holders, the granting of Chapter leases, 
the repair of the Cathedral, the appointment to livings in the 
Chapter's gift, the oaths taken by ecclesiastical dignitaries, the 
correction of misdemeanant clerks, the licensing of chapels, the 
custody of the Cathedral library, the conduct of divine worship, the 
preaching of sermons, the relief of poor persons, the "entertainment" 
of the Chapter, Sic. 

In 1573 we find the name of William Evans as Treasurer of 
Llandafl" Cathedral. (See Vol. IV., p. 52.) 

Not the least interesting of the matters dealt with by the Acts is 
tlie repair of the Cathedral fabric. In 1592 a firm of Bristol plumbers 
Vv'ere granted an annuity of six pounds, to keep in repair the leads of 
the roof. In 1594 the Chapter lament the "ruinous and decayed 
state" of their Cathedral, which they describe as being " more like a 
desolate and profane place than like a house of prayer and holy 
exercises." Mr. Mathew of Llandaff in that year undertook to pave, 
repair and maintain the east end of the north aisle (formerly the 
Chapel of Saint Dubricius) in which his ancestors lay buried, upon 
the condition that no one should in iuture be there interred but 
members of his family. All this marks a pleasing revival of reverence 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 3 

for the unfortunate Cathedral, which reforming prelates and avaricious 
Canons had reduced to such a lamentable condition of dilapidation. 

As the 17th century advanced, this return to the older order 
became still more marked, and in 1630 it was decreed that the 
Prebends should attend Chapter in gown, hood and surplice, and not 
in secular attire, while a certain salary was assigned for choristers. 
In the following year arrangements were made for the repair, main- 
tenance and regular use of the bells. In 163S the windows were 
ordered to be again glazed. 

The Civil War was approaching, however, and devastation was 
once again to be the fate of Llandaff Cathedral. After the Restora- 
tion, some regulations were made for the orderly performance of 
public worship in the ancient building. Thus in 1662 a man was 
employed to keep dogs out of the church, a gown was bought for the 
clerk or sexton, and order was taken for the daily reading of prayers 
by the Vicars Choral in their surplices, and for the performance of 
"high service" in the choir on Sundays. 

Towards the end of the 17th century this temporary revival 
waned. Mr. Mathew had neglected to repair the north aisle, and 
apparently the whole Cathedral was in a bad state. In 1691 the 
choir-singers were discharged, and their salaries discontinued ; and 
instead of the choir, the schoolmaster was appointed a deacon " to 
give the singing-psalms" for four pounds a year. About this time 
various important parishioners were allowed to erect private pews in 
the choir. The great bell fell down in the steeple, but was afterwards 
put up again and the clock restored. New corbels f®r the roof were 
ordered to be made out of the old roof-timber in 1697. In the same 
year the Clerk drew an appointment of an organist, " to pla}' with the 
psalm and to give the usual voluntary" ; but the Chapter struck this 
out, and would only continue the office of a man to " give the psalms." 
However, in 1699, "being capitularly congregated," their reverences 
appointed a Mrs. Gyles to sweep the church and keep it "clean and 
decent." 

It would, indeed, have been unreasonable to expect the Chapter 
to lay out considerable sums of money in repairing the Cathedral of a 
diocese the greater part of whose revenues had been appropriated by 
its Bishops. Even the slender funds which remained were drawn 
upon for other than ecclesiastical purposes. In 1610 the Chapter 



4 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

granted to Sir John Herbert a life '" pension " of ten pounds per 
annum, which had previousl}' been enjoyed by Sir William Herbert, 
deceased, " for so long a time as the same church shall have means 
sufficient and be able to pay the same, " and a similar pension of 
/6. 13s. 4d. to the Earl of Northampton. Advovvsons and rectories 
had to be granted, and leaseholds demised, to the relatives of the 
Bishop and Prebendaries, on easy terms. There was thus little or 
no money to be dissipated in repairing stone walls and maintaining 
preachers. 

These records are rich in place-names. A curious instance is 
the acre of land at Canton called Petty Callys (Little Calais). It 
would be interesting to know the origin of this name. In the early 
part of the 17th century lands (in such cases known as "concealed 
lands") were still from time to time found to have been anciently 
granted to religious uses, and were consequently forfeited to the 
King and from him purchased at a low price by the Chapter. Often 
the first lease of them was made to the discoverer, provided he would 
be at the cost of proving them to be "' concealed." 

The books in the Chapter Library were sometimes lent to the 
Prebends, on their giving a written undertaking for their safe return. 
The most noteworthy volume in that collection was the Llyfr Tcilo 
(Saint Teilo's Book) or Book of Llandaft". This famous manuscript, 
the ancient register and cartulary of the see, had fortunately survived 
the Reformation, and long remained in the custody of the Chapter. 
F"or an account of its valuable contents and its later history, 
the reader is referred to the admirable edition lately published 
at O.xford ;' which contains also an account of another MS. 
anciently belonging to Llandaff Cathedral, viz., the Book of Saint 
Chad. The Llyfr Tcilo was occasionally lent, and in 16 19 the Bishop 
had a difficulty in getting it back from Mr. Robotham, one of the 
Prebendaries ; but this seems to have been because of some dispute 
in the Chapter. 

In 1626 the Chapter resolved that the rectory of Eglwysilan, 
"being the chiefest support of the church and prebends," should, at 
the approaching expiration of the lease, be converted to the "best use 

' The Te.xt of the Book of LLui Dav, reproduced from the Gwysaney Manu- 
script by J. Gwenogvryii Evans. M.A., and John Rliys, M..\. Oxford. 1S93. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 5 

and most valuable advantage of the said church," without taking any 
fine. In virtue of that self-denying ordinance, they hope that God 
will bless their design "and that posterity shall see here the face of 
a Church." Curiously, they conclude with the ancient pre- 
Reformation Latin formula: "He who keepeth it, let him keep it; 
he who violates it, let him be anathema" — a sentiment which had 
been dormant for nearly a century of plunder and sacrilege. 

In 1662 reference is made to the Welsh service in the Lady 
Chapel, which was continued weekly down to the last quarter of the 
19th century. The Lady Chapel of the Cathedral is the parish 
church. This is the earliest allusion t.; a Welsh service at Llandaff. 

The second volume of the Acts extends from 1722 to 1S16, and 
is hardly less interesting than the former. In 1726 the Chapter 
invested in a State Lottery ticket, and measures were taken to raise a 
fund for the repair of the Cathedral. They themselves agreed to 
subscribe ^200, but afterwards rescinded the resolution. In 1732 
the well-known John Wood, of Bath, makes his appearance in the 
Acts. He was the architect of the egregious classical temple which 
eventually arose amid the Cathedral's dismal ruins. In 173S we find 
the name of Thomas Omar, the intelligent carpenter whose acute 
observations on the remains of antiquity in the Cathedral may be 
read in Bishop Ollivant's account of the fabric,' where (p. 24) Omar 
records the discovery of the entombed remains of Saint Teilo. It is so 
rarely that the work of a joiner in a church merits more praise than 
than that of a bull in a china-shop, that tribute should be paid to the 
memory of good Thomas Omar. 

Antiquaries will appreciate the few notes on the older documents 
belonging to the Cathedral of Llandaff, which conclude the present 
chapter. 

N.B. — The reader may be referred to the '■ History and Survey of the Cathedral 
Church of Llandaff," by John H. James. .M.S.A. (Cardiff", 1S9S), for particulars 
concerning the architecture of this ancient church. 



1 Some Account of the Condition of the Fabric of Llandaff Cathedral. By 
the Bishop of Llandaff'. 2nd ed. London, i860. 




CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Llandaff Act Books. 

From 1573. Copy made about a hundred 3'ears later. 

CTA habita in dome Capitulari Landauen quarto die 

Augusti A" I.)rii 1573 Coram Arch'o ct Cap'lo 

tunc et ibni congregat' et Capp'lu facien vizt. 

Ludouico Balver in legibus baccli'io Archi'no, 

W'ill'o Evans Th.esaurario, Thoma W'illiams Canceilario, 

Morgano Nicholas Precent', WiH'o Thomas, Johanne Evans, 

Hugone Lewis et Joh'e Powell canonicis in p'ntia mei Henrici 

Mathew Reg'rij' 

The first item of business recorded is the confirmation unto 
Thomas Morgan, gentleman, of a lease of the manor of Baslegc:, with 
the rectories of Basleg, Mynithisloyne, Bedvvelty Sec, for 21 years. 

On the first flyleaf is the following, in the original handwriting 
of the boolv: — • 

Jnyniiicntnm Ciiitislib't Prabcndarij 
adiiiiftcndi. 
Ego A. B. vnus praebendarior' ecclesias Cath' Landaven Juro me 
obseruaturu o'nes consuetudines eccl'ias laudabil' per Ep'u Archi'u et 
Cap'lu approbat' nee non statuta et acta super statum eccl'iaj p''d' 
fact' et fiend' per Ep'u Archiu' et Capp'ium p''d'. 

Item quod consilia specialia et secreta eccl'iee laudabii' Ep i 
Archi'ni et Capp'li ad damnu eor' nemini revelabo. 

Item quod fidele consilu et opem quat'us ipse potero prestabo ad 
manutenend' et sustentand' o'nes libertates eccl'ias laudabil' et omnia 
bona temporaha et spiritualia ad eccl'iam Cath' Landaven spectan' 
quoties fuerit per Ep'u Archi'u et Capp'lu siue per Archi'u et Capp'lu 
sede vacan congrue requisit'. 

'Acts had iu the Chapter House uf LlaiidalV, tlie fourtli day of August iu the 
year of our Lord 1573, before the Archdeacon and Cliaptcr then and there assembled 
and making Chapter, namely, Lewis Baker, Bachelor of Law, Archdeacon ; William 
Evans, Treasurer; Thomas Williams, Chancellor; Morgan Nicholas, Precentor; 
William Thomas, John Evans, Hugii Lewis and John Powell, Canons, in presence of 
me Henry .^L•ltllcw, Registrar. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 7 

[Oath nf every Prebendary on admittance. 

I A.B., one of the Prebendaries of the Cathedral Church of 
Llandaff, do swear that I will observe all the good and lawful customs 
of the church, approved by the Bishop, Archdeacon and Chapter; as 
also the statutes and acts concerning the estate of the aforesaid church, 
made and to be made by the Bishop, Archdeacon and Chapter 
aforesaid. 

Also that I will not reveal to anyone the good and lawful counsels, 
privities and secrets of the church and of the Bishop, Archdeacon 
and Chapter, to their damage. 

Also that I will faithfully lend counsel and assistance, so far as I 
shall be able, to maintain and uphold all the good and lawful liberties 
of the church, and all tiie goods temporal and spiritual belonging 
unto the Cathedral Church of Llandaff, so often as shall be reasonably 
required by the fiishop, Archdeacon and Chapter, or by the Arch- 
deacon and Chapter during a vacancy of the see.] 

Clauses or proiiisocs to be pidt in all 
Cliapp'' Leases. 

Inpr'is that noe alienac'on of Chapp'' Leases bee made w'hout 
licence, p. 16. 

Item that the tenent shalbee bound to shew leases, p. 51. 

Item that the dale of paym' of all rents bee Crastino petri.' 

Item for renewing seaventh yeare, p. 154.^ 
Reentrie for non paym'. 

Item that in all graunts of Rectorys and tyths that there bee a 
Couen' viz' Vpon no payni' of rent &c. Vpon the paym' or tender of 
v'' that then y<= dimise to bee voyd &c. 

Item contracters for Leases shall specifie the age of the parties. 

1574 November 17. Advowson of the dignity of Chancellor 
confirmed to George Herbert and John Blethin. 

'575 July 7- Andrew Vaine, clerk, installed as Prebendary of 
Holy Cross ; and John Williams, clerk, as Prebendary of Saint 
Dubritius. 

'Thi' morrow of Saint Peter (and Paul's) day ; i.e., on the 31st of June. 
-The number refers to the page in the MS. wherein the clause is set out. 



8 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Nov. 28. Thomas Evans, rector of Coychurcli, installed as 
Prebendary of ffarevvell. 

1592 May 15. Indenture between the Anluicacoii and Chapter 
of the Cathedral Chiireh of Llandaff oi the one part and James Mathew, 
Morriee Matheio and Morgan Matheiv, g^entlemen, sons unto Howell 
Mathew of Sweldon in the county of Glamorgan, gentleman, of the 
other part. Demise of seven acres of arable land and pasture in the 
parish of Landaffe, " Wherof fiue acres doe lie neere a place called y 
clawth helig, somtimes in the hands of Dauid ap Kvan ap Rune "' and 
now of John Powell, of LlandaiT; and the other two acres lying near 
the cross called "y crose loyd betweene Landaph and ffayrwatcr,"' 
between the lands of John Ragland, now in the occupation of 
Elizabeth Mathew, on the south and west, and the lands of the Canons 
of Landaffe on the east and north. 

July 6. Deed Poll. Grant by the Archdeacon and Chapter 
unto Thomas Daker and John Dakers, "of the Citly of Bristoll, 
Plommers," of an annuity or pension of 61. for life, provided 
that the grantees shall well and sufficiently maintain, keep and repair 
all the lead or leads of the cathedral church, and also shall cast anew 
and sufficiently lay all such leads. Provided always that if the 
grantees do empair any of the lead, or do suffer any leaks, or wet or 
rain to come to the said church through their default, and do not 
repair and amend the same within one month after warning and notice 
given by the Proctor General to any person dwelling within the Castle 
of Cardiffe within the county of Glamorgan, that then this present 
grant to be void, frustrate and of no effect. 

1594 October 22. feod : regrarij. 

At which dale and place it was condiscended concluded and 
agreed by the s'' reuerend fTather archdeacon and chappter that the 
filee of the Register of this Chappter was not certaine and knowne, 
that the same should bee laid downe at this p-'sent Chappter as 
foUoweth vizt. That the said register should haue for euery scale that 
passed the Ciiappter house, for the registring therof v^ if hee were not 
of Councell, in the drawinge of conveyance that the Chappter did 
passe, and if he were then to take of the partie as hee could agree 



THE LLANDAFF ACT ROOKS. o 

with the same party, And that the keeper of the Chappter doore 
should haue for eucr^- seale passed by the Chappter xij^ hee buyinge 
waxe for the seale. 
January lo. 

Sr<j/.; Ill y Churcli. 

At which daie and place it was decreed by the said reuerend 
ffather and the said Chappter That wheras the said reu'end ffather 
appointed seates and pues ofwaynscoate & ioyned worke to bee made 
on both sides of the Cathederall churche of Landaffe in manner and 
forme as now they stand to wyt betwixt the twoe pillars next below 
m'' mathew his tombe on the North side of the churche ffoure seates, 
ouer against them on the south side betwixt the twoe piilers next 
beneath the pulpitt foure in like forme eight in order as before tiiat 
time hee had don. Three more betwixt the twoe piilers next aboue the 
pulpitt on the same south side, and one on the right hand by the wall 
as you come in at the south doore. All w^^'' seates thus made were 
paid for by the said reuerend father without any charge to an}' person 
kneelinge in them, and disposed of then to such inhabitants of that 
parrishe of Landaffe as by him were thought meete to kneele and sitt 
in them offering for priority & posterioritie a due regard of their 
antiquity liueing and places and soe left free vnto the said churche to 
bee euer after disposed of by the Bishopp and proctor generall in the 
Bisliopps absence without any title to bee made by any person now 
kneehnge or sitting therein their children posterity freinds or houses 
of them that now enioye them otherwise then by consent and likeing 
of the said Lo: Bishopp for the time beeing or Proctor generall of 
that churche in his absence In wittnes wherof as well for the 
p''serveing of the auncient liberty of that churciie as for peace and 
quietnes amongst the Inhabitants of that parrish This was decreed 
vppon and made the daie and yeare aboue written as appeareth by 
the subscription of their hands 

Gerv: Landaveii 
Morgan Nicholas arch'on 
Tho: herbert. Andr: vaen 
Thomas Edmunds 
Riceus Morgan 
Richard Turberuile. 



10 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The same daie yeare and place alsoe the said reuerend ffather 

and suche officers of the chappter of that churche as herevnto haue 

subscribed their names considering and dayly seeinge to their great 

greef the ruinous and decayed estate bccing digged and delued pitts 

and vnpaued beeing more like a desolate and profane place then like 

a house of prayer and holy exercises and noe way able with the 

reuenews left vnto that cliurche to repairc and amend it as they wish 

It beeing offered by M'^ William Mathew of the Court an inhabitant of 

the towne iSc parrishe to haue the north He of that churche where 

his auncestcrs monuments he and where hee him self and his family 

kneeleth & sitteth euen from the particion at the nether end of that 

He to the little Quier at the vpper end of the same paued w' new 

& hewen stones as alsoe the walls and windows wiiited iX rep''ed in 

all defects and soe euer after meintayned by him and his house 

succeeding after him soe that wee would consent i.V graunte that 

after that good worke don and finished none shold bee suffered m the 

same to bury to the breakeing vp and defaceing againe of the 

pauement but such as the said William Mathew should well like otf 

or in his absence to suche as he putteth in trust (euer the members of 

the church excepted) who may haue their libertie so that they make 

vpp the broken place full as good as it was before Wee the said 

Bishopp and persons of the Chappter subscribed in carefull desire to 

haue the house of God soe beutified as alsoe in token of our kind 

acceptance of that vertuous disposition and godly offer of the gent' 

willingly cS: gladdly freely and fully gaue our consent and promise in 

that sort and binde our selues and our successors to the observing of 

the same as farr as any way wee maye and in wittnes therof haue 

subscribed our names. 

[Signatures as the last.] 

1596 June 30. Rice Morgan, executor of the Testament of 
Morgan Nicholas, late Archdeacon of Llandaff and Proctor General of 
the Cathedral Church, hath delivered up to the Chapter in the 
Chapter House certain records, "counter panes of leases," copies of 
Surveys, and such other writings which were in his custody and did 
concern this Chapter or any member thereof. 

Morgan Roberts installed as Archdeacon. 

Uavid Morrice ap Howell ap Price appointed High Apparitor 
(Apparitor Generalis.) 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. ii 

1601 June 30. James Lewis, notary public, appointed Registrar 
(Chapter Clerk), in succession to Henry Mathew, esq., deceased. 

Eisdem die et loco the said Archdeacon & Chapter graunted [to 
William Johns]' one lease of all the roomes that he hath in his 
occupac'on in the Viccars Court in LandafFe together w' ij gardens and 
a new edified house in the same gardens of his owne ediiicac'on to 
the same belonging in considerac'on of his true long and duetifull 
seruice in the Cathedrall churche of Landaffe for the terme of his 
naturall life w'^ condic'ons that hee shall sufficiently repayre the 
house ouer the same roomes with laths and tiles and to paj'e yearely 
one redd rose to the p''ctor generall or his assignee at the 
fFeaste of S' Peter & Paull the apostles yearely during tlie said 
terme if it bee lawfully demaunded And alsoe that hee shall continew 
and discharge his place of singingman in the same churche. 

October 6. Cadwaladr Hughes, clerk, appointed Proctor General. 

1604 August I Wednesday. Demise to William Wood, L.L.D., 
of an acre of arable land or pasture in the parish of Llandaff, called 
Petty Callys, between lands of the said William Wood on the south, 
Caer Castle etc. [sic.'\ 

1606 July 17 Thursday. Demise to William Miles of Gabalua, 
gent., of a messuage and garden in "dobstreet," and lands in the close 
called " Kayer hanar," Ely Moore and Salt Meade. 

Oct. 6. Edward James, M.A., installed as Chancellor in succes- 
sion to Thomas Herbert, clerk, deceased. 

1605 June 30. Robert Robotham, M.A., was Archdeacon. A 
demise was granted unto Hugh Robotliam of Tame in the county of 
Oxford, gent., of 55 acres of land in the parish of Langoven in the 
county of Monmouth, now in the occupation of William Harr}', of 
Llangoven ; during the lives of Fnuices, wife of Robert Robotham, 
Francis their son and Isabel their daughter. And the Archdeacon 
and Chapter appointed William Jeyne of Matharne to be their attorney 
in this matter. 

" Also then graunted that xli a yeare for this next yere shalbee 
allowed and payed to Kete the organist of the saide Cathedrall Church 

'The gr.intce's name is oinittea by a clerical error in the text, but occuis in the 
inargiu. 



,2 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

as his wa;;es to bee paied vnto him quarterly by even portions." 
[Marj^in : — "The chapter did disagree lV not Consent to this acte."] 

1609 June 29 Thursday. Lease of a house at Landaffe to John 
Richards of Matherne, gent., together with 5 quarters of ground called 
" Kay yr skibbor," and 3 quarters at " Maes y dre," 3 quarters lying 
in Harry Jenkins' close, between Landaffe and Penhill ; lands in Ely 
Moore, lS:c. 

Reside III id pi-a-heii(iarioniiii. 

At which time and place alsoe the saide Archdeacon and 
Cha])pter with the consent of the said Keuerend ffather ffrauncis 
[Godwin] lord BiPP of Landaffe and of their whole consent and assent 
haue ordered and decreede That all suche of the p''bendaries of this 
Church as shall not herafter keepe there residencie according to the 
statute shalbee debarred of their petty commons. 

1610 July 19. At which dale and place the said Archdeacon and 
Chapter of their whole consent and assent agreed that where a 
pension of xli per ann was hertofore by tlie archdecon and chappter of 
the saide church graunted and paied to S'' William Herbert kn^ late 
deceased the same pension of x// yearly shalbee continued and payde 
yearly at the ffeast of S' Peter and Paul the appostles vnto tJie right 
ho*^'*^ S'' John Herbert Kn' for soe longe time as the same churche 
shall have meanes sufficient and bee able to paye the same for and 
duringe the naturail life of the said S'' John herbert. 

Alsoe the saide archdeacon and Chapter the same dale and place 
of their whole consent and assent for good considerac'ons them 
moveinge have graunted vnto the right hoble Henry Earle of North- 
ampton a pension of \-]li xiiji' iiij?;' yearly during his naturail life and 
haue decreed I'rs patens therof to bee made and sealed. 

161 I October 2. Lanederne rectory granted unto Oliver 
Robotlian of Thame in the county of Oxon, gent. 

1612 June 30. New lease granted unto William Herbert of S' 
ffagans, esq., of the rectory of " Egloys y Ian," together with the 
chapels of Lanvabon and S' Martins and Caerfilly ; at the rent of 
xxijV/, to be paid upon the font-stone in the cathedral church. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 13 

Oliver Robothan is to have a lease of the parsonage n{ the 
Radyer, and 12 acres of lands in Canton Salt Mead. 

Item the Park, 14(7. 

Item the Oramy, 14^. 

Item the Place Mawr, ^.a. and a house. 

Item 4a. called the Crag, in William Lewis' hands. 

Item Pencisly, 6a. 

Item Cabalva, 5(7. 

Item the Morva Bagh by EI3', on the other side of the water. 

Item the lands of Agnes Pewterer, ya. 
and other lands concealed 
at the old rent and discharging the church from all charges that shall 
be for the sueing for the same, and he not to compound with any 
without the consent of the Chapter. 

Demise unto Henry Morgan of Rubinay, gent., of one mansion 
house, with a bakehouse and a garden thereunto adjoining, late in 
the occupation of Elizabeth Mathew, lying in the highway leading 
from the Castle of Landafie to Pencissly ; one house lying in the said 
street or way, late in the occupation of William Griffith ; one house 
and garden thereto adjoining, late in the occupation of Harry 
Skudmoore, lying in the highway leading from tlie said castle to the 
Radyr ; one other house, with a garden thereto adjoining, now in 
the occupation of John Isacke, butcher; together with one close called 
Kayer Paine, containing 5 acres, on the north part of the way leading 
from Landaffe to Peterston ; one acre of meadow ground lying in 
Gwayne Killgood, on the south part of the highway leading from 
Landaffe to fifayrewater, both closes being now in the tenure of Henry 
Rimbron ; one other close of pasture called Kaer Pooll, containing 
4 acres, now in the tenure of Edward Howell ; 9 acres of lands now 
in the occupation of Owen ap leuan ; 2 acres of lands now in the 
tenure of William Lewis, the one lying at Penhill, the other near the 
common or Kymney of Landaffe ; two acres of lands now in 
occupation of Richard Lewis, lying at Pant-y-crappull ; one acre of 
meadow lying in Ely Moor, now in the occupation of Edward Lewis, 
gent. ; three acres of lands called Kay-yr-groes-Uoyd, now in the 
occupation of Ales Lewis, widow ; and two acres of meadow lying in 
Saltmeade, commonly called Dwy-ero-Harry-Morgan-Lewis, now in 
the occupation of Margaret Spencer. 



14 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1614 August 31 Wednesday. Metropolitan Visitation by George, 
Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Andrew Vaen, Prebendary of Wharthacoinbe (who did not 
appear), was decreed to be suspended from entrance into the church 
and from tlie profits uf his prebend. 

1616 September 23. A Confirmation of Letters Testimonial or 
Licence granted by the now Bishop (Francis Godwin) to the 
parishioners and inhabitants of Whitechurch, for marriages, burials 
and christenings within the chapel of Whitechurch. 

1619 March 17 Frida}'. Visitation by Theophilus, Bishop of 
Llandaft'. 

Ouibus die et loco dictus R'd's p'r primo secundo et tertio 
requisiuit libros vocat' 'I'extus Capp'li et librum Tileai a p''fatt) nV" 
Robotha vt visitaret eccl'iam et Cap'lO an'dictii iuxta officm suia in 
p''ntia dicti m" Roberti Robothan dicen' : that he ivoiild dcliit'' them in 
time et tunc dictus R'd's p'r ostendit ei literas Regis attestan' sub sigillo 
inagno Anglie et earunde virtute et etiam virtute iuramenti de 
Canonica sua obedien' etc. requisiuit dictum Robothan sibl obtemp'are 
in visitatione sua p''d' et ne decederet a donio Cap'ri p'"d' in p'ntia dicti 
Robothan allegan' vt prius se non teneri subiere h'mo'i visit' ratione 
appellac'o'is et Inhibic'o'is sue an'dict' et statim requisitio'e et 
admonic'o'e dicti R'"di p'ris no obstan' decessit et recusavit subiere p^d' 
visitat' deinde decretum fuit ex consensu dictor' Price, Morrice, Arney, 
Bowen, Dowle, Blethin et Bassett vt cista siue area in dicta domo 
Cap'ri in qua libri Registr' et Acta dicti Cap'li ac etiam sigillia Cap're 
existunt aut existere debent app'etur vt viderent acta et archivia 
eiusdem Cap'li pro pleniori et meliori exequtione et expedic'one h'mo'i 
visitac'o'is ac vt concess' et p^sent' in d'c'o cap'lo concedend' et 
p'sentand' sigillarcntur et emanarentur. ' 

'At which day and place the said Reverend Father once, twice and thrice 
demanded the bool;s called the Chapter Text and the Boole of Teilo, of the aforesaid 
Mr. Robothan, that lie iiiiglit visit tlie church and the aforesaid Chapter according to his 
office in the presence of the said Mr. Robert Robothan, who said that he would 
deliver them in time. And then the said Reverend Father shewed unto him the King's 
letters of attestation under the Great Seal of England ; and by virtue of the same, and 
also by virtue of his oath of canonical obedience etc., desired the said Robothan to 
submit to him in his aforesaid Visitation, and that he should not go out from the afore- 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 15 

"And the said M"" Robothan being demaunded b}- the s"^ Reu^'ed 
ffather whether he did thinke that his Ma'^- auctv' was greter than the 
Archbishopps of Cant' Answered that they were all one, And beeing 
further demaunded by the s*^ Reui'ed ffather whether he did thinke that 
the ArchbiPP^ auctJ' was subordinat to his Ma'^" he the said Robothan 
dep''ted refuseing or not making any answer thervnto." 

And then the said Prebendaries (the aforesaid Masters Robothan 
and Godwyn excepted) made oath upon the Holy Gospels to observe 
the ordinances and statutes of the said Chapter contained in a certain 
Table, and the others hereafter lawfully to be ordained. 

And afterwards appeared the said Robert Robotan and with an 
angry countenance held out certain letters, as he said, of inhibition, 
sealed with the seal of the Court of Canterbury of Arches in London, 
and by virtue of the same did inhibit as well the said Lord Bishop as 
the Prebendaries there present. To whom the said Reverend Father 
said " Doe all ciuilly and in good manner, els I will teache you 
manners." And thereupon the said Mr. Robothan answered saying 
■• You cannot teach me manners," and thereupon departed. 

Then the said Reverend Father, by and with the consent of the 
Chapter, or at least the greater part of the said Chapter, decreed that 
the aforesaid Mr. Robert Robothan, for his manifest contumacy in not 
exhibiting and producing the books aforesaid, namely, the Chapter 
Text and the Book of Teilo, as also in taking and carrying away the 
keys of the door and of the coffer or chest aforesaid, as also m not 
submitting to the aforesaid Visitation although often and repeatcdl}' 
required and admonished, be from his office of Archdeacon of the 
church aforesaid amoved, until he shall submit, etc., during the 
pleasure, etc. (the said Jones, Hughes and Tod not consenting, etc.) 

said Chapterhouse, in the presence of the said Robothan, who alledged, as before, that 
he was not bound to submit to such Visitation, by reason of his Appeal and Inhibition 
beforesaid. And forthwith, notwithstanding the requisition and admonition of the 
said Reverend Father, he went away and refused to submit to the aforesaid Visitation. 
It was then decreed, with the consent of the said Price, Morrice, Arney, Bowen, Dowle, 
Blethin and Bassett, that the chest or coflfer in the said Chapterhouse, in which the 
Register Boole and Acts of the said Chapter, and also the Chapter Seal, are or ought to 
be, should be opened in order that they might see the Acts and archives of the said 
Chapter, for the fuller and better execution and expedition of such Visitation, and that 
their grants and presentments in the said Chapter might be sealed and issued, 
•authority 



i6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Richard Baxter, the Registrar, was suspended from his office, for 
contumacy. (A little later he was deprived, for that he absented 
himself and attended on the Bishop of Mereford.) 

1622 July I. "At which time and place it was agreed by the 
whole chapter then assembled that the scale of the Chappter should 
be made a little bigger and the print therof should bee mended but 
not to bee altered onely some small addition to bee putt in some parte 
thereof and that m'" John Dowle m'' of artes one of tlie p'"bends of the 
Chappter and their p'"ctor generall to see the doeinge therof and the 
Chappter to allowe the charge thereof" 

1624 June 30. Lease granted to " Dame Margret Lady Morgan 
of Landaffe," widow, of one acre of arable land within the parish of 
Landaffe, commonly called Petty Callys, belonging to the said Bishop 
and Chapter, and lying between the lands of the said Dame Margaret 
Morgan called Little Callys on the east, the mill-pond of Landafie on 
the north, and lands of the said Bishop and Chapter on the west ; for 
21 years at 2S. per annum. Proviso that Evan Price, of S' Athens, 
clerk, shall have free access by a footpath through the said acre to a 
parcel of land adjoining to the said acre, commonly called the Twelve 
Acres. 

1626 September 14. "Whereas the Lease of the Rectory of 
LgKvys Ylan held from the Chapp"" of Landaffe hath but a short time 
in beeingc vncxpired beeini^e the cheefest supjsort of the church and 
pi^bends in expectac'on Wee whose names are vnder-written doe witli 
vnanimous consent protest in the presence of god that wee are 
steedfastlv resolued .S: decree not to diinise it to any, but to expect 
the expirac'un of the Lease and then to convert the entire profitts and 
anuall rent (beeing not minished by takinge any ffine) to the best vse 
and most valuable aduantage of the said Churche ; And the p'"petuall 
augmentac'on of the p'bendaries yearely mayntenance, trusting that 
God in mercy will blesse our designe and that posterity shall see 
heere the fface of a Church, And this our protestac'on wee close with 
our auntient forme Qui ciistodit cui'todiat, Qui violat Auatlioua sit." 

[Signature of the Bishop and 
Archdeacon, and i 1 Prebendaries.] 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 17 

1627 August 3. Sir Walter Pye, knight, has contributed 20/ 
for the repair of the Cathedral. 

1629 September 3. "Eodem die et loco a tender was made vnto 
the BiP and chapter of Land : of a sume of mony as a rent due vnto 
the said BiP and Chappter from the Earle of Worcester from certaine 
Rectories churches and tything barnes houlden from the said Bip and 
Chappter but could not tell what or marke the same for any 
p''ticuler or thinge in certainty The said reused ffather BiP of Landaffe 
and Chapter aforesaid deferred y^ receipt and acceptance therof vntiil 
they should better consider &: bee aduised by counsell learned in the 
law therin." 

George Carr admitted organist of the Cathedral, at a stipend of 
8// per annum. 

" Chap'- men to come in their fornialitys. 

1630 June 30. " Eodem die et loco dictus R'dus p'r Landaven 
Ep'us vt caput Capituli ordinauit et decreuit that all the p'bends of 
this Cath: Church in all their seuerall Chappter dales and all asseblies 
of Chappter heereafter to bee had or made shall come into the said 
Chappter house weareing their gownes hoods and surplices according 
to their seuerall Degrees Dignities and callings and not in clokes or 
haberdaines as hertofore they haue don. 

" Eodem die et loco it was concluded b}' the said BiP and Chapp'' 
that there should be xx nobles a peece allowed and payd vnto sixe 
singingmen and fine markes a peece to foure boyes as queresters 
yearly by the p''ctorgenerall out of the reuenues of the churche. 

" Eodem die the said BiP and Chapp"" did give xx// to bee payd in 
5 yeares vizt 4// a yeare to wards the repayring of the bridge of 
Landaffe and the same to bee paid quarterlie as Di- Gwyn shall 
demaund it if the worke goe on." 

163 1 July 31. " Eodem die et loco there was an agreement 
betweene the biPP and Chappter and george burford and Morris 
Burford for the mending and new making of the bells wheeles frames 
and stockes and all other defects therevnto belonginge and to keepe 
them for twenty yeares for a marke a yeare and 20 markes &c. 

"Alsoe there was a decree for burialls in the Church and for 
ringing of bells at burialls and the same to be drawne by the chapp"" 



i8 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

and to bee putt in a frame and to be set vpp in the churche that all 
may take notice of it. 

" Alsoe there shalbee a note made and sett vpp in the church 
the daies euery pMaend is to preach & of their times seu''ally." 

1632 July 31. "The same dale and place a letter of Atturny 
was made &: sealed by the Chappter to D'' Hughs, Doctor godwyn 
and D"" Dovvle to sue for deedes and wrj-tings belonging to the 
Chappter from dame Margaret Lady Morgan, Marmaduke Mathew 
and William Prichard of LandafTe and others. 

"The same dale it was ordered that the proctor generall should 
not paye any petty comons vnto Dr. Hughes vntill it bee otherwise 
ordered by the Chappter. 

" Oueristers allowed in the Cathcdrall church of Landaffe : George 
Carr, organist, William Hutton, Rice Dauid, John Woluin, Austin 
Seldon, Moore and Smith." 

^(^33 July [• "The same dale and place it was ordered by the 
BiP and rest of the Chappter, that for as much as it did app're and was 
manifestly p'"ued that Doctor Hughes hadd receaued petty comons by 
him self and alsoe by his tenent or fTarmer for many yeares It is ordered 
that the said D'' Hughes shall repaye twenty noblesfor petty comons 
vnduely receaued by him and his tenents, and further in consideration 
of the wronge D"" Hughs disclaymeth for demaunding any petty 
comons augmentac'ons or diuidents whatsoeuer herafifter coming vnto 
him." (This order was reversed in 1636.) 

1635 June 30. Three letters under the Royal sign manual, to 
the Bishop and Chapter, prohibiting the turning of Chapter Leases for 
21 years into Leases for lives : "for by that meanes the p'iite BiP putts 
a greater fifine into his purse to enrich him self his wife and children 
and leaues all the succeedinge biP= of what deserts soeuer to Vs and 
the church destitut of growing means." 

1636 June 30. "The same time and place one of the Chappter 
bookes the workes of William Camden was lent vnto m^ Herbert Jones 
one of the pi'bends." 

1638 June 30. Agreement with Richard Wager, of Cardiff, 
glasier, for the glazing of "all the windowes lances and all other 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 19 

places fitt for to be glased and at an}' time hertofore vsed to bee 
glased of the whole Cathedrall Church of Landaffe The Chauncell or 
Quire and all the Chappells Chappterhouse library schoolchouse Con- 
sistory and all other roomes or places of the same." He is to provide 
sufficient ladders for the doing of the same, and afterwards shall leave 
the same ladders to the use of the Chapter ; and he is to have 61. 

1643 June — . "At which time and place the aforementioned 
BiP Archdecon and Chappter vppon complaint made vnto them by a 
petic'on from M'' Ivy clarke Curat of Cardiffe against Constantine 
Smith one of the Quire of this Churche for offences by him comitted 
and specified in the said petition haue vppon considerac'on thereof had 
suspended him the said Constantine."' 

Deductions are made from the salaries of the organist and 
choristers, and the amounts added to the stipend of the Vicar Choral. 

[There are no entries between 1645 and 1660.] 



1662 June 30. "Eisdem die et loco the said BiP Archdeacon 
and Chapp"' did order that Thomas Jones cl' bacchler of arts shalbe 
schoole maister in Landaffe who shall haue \\]li salary for teachinge 
xij poore boyes and x.x// more from the three Cursorie^ barnes for 
beeing one of the Viccars Corroll of the Cathedrall Churche of 
Landaffe and the saide sumes to bee paid quarterlie accordinge to a 
former act. 

" Ordered moreouer that James Jones of Landaffe shall have xls. 
for keepinge doggs from coming into the Churche." 

September 26. Five pounds of the fine for the rectory of 
Lantiliopertholly " shalbee payde vnto m"" Jenkin Williams and 
m"" Thomas Morgan p'"bends foresaid who are hereby appoynted 
to ou''see the rebuilding and repayreinge the schoole house and for 
other necessary vses of the church soe farr as the same allowance 
shall extend. 

" At the same time and place it is alsoe ordered and decreed that 
a gowne be p'"pared for William giles the p''sent clarke or saxton 
which is alsoe intended for the imediat successor * * * And 
whereas xls is allowed to James Jones for his paines to keepe doggs 

' Cursal 



20 CARDIFF RP:C0RDS. 

out of this Churcli at prayer time That hee taking vppon him to ringe 
the bells sundaies and holy dales Whereby \\'il!iam giles the saxton 
may the better attend other necessary seruice in and about the saide 
Quire and Churche shall have xxs. more." 

William Deere is to receive 4/ a year for teaching eight boys and 
girls such as neither they themselves nor their parents are competently 
able to pay ior their such schooling and education; and those children 
to be chosen and approved of by some of the discreetest persons 
inhabitants there. 

Eodem die et loco the Lord Bishop, Archdeacon and Chapter 
ordered that Mr. Reynolds and Mr. Jones, the two Vicars Choral of 
this church, shall daily attend in their surplices Morning and Evening 
Prayer in the choir of the said church. And that Mr. Reynolds shall 
attend, execute or performe all out-offices upon the week-days ; and 
shall read prayers at Whitechurche upon Sundays, and afterwards 
attend high service in this choir And that Mr. Jones shall read and 
perform Welsh service in the " Ladies chappell," and afterwards 
attend the choir service of this church. 

Eodem die et loco it was ordered and decreed by the Bishop, 
Archdeacon and Chapter, that, forasmuch as they had formerly 
promised to contribute with Mr. Chancellor Croffts and Mr. Bassett, the 
Registrar, for and towards the repairing and making up of the ancient 
Consistory place or room, that if the said Chancellor and Registrar 
do not cause the same place to be fitted and repaired before 
" Alhollantide " next, that from thenceforth the said Chancellor and 
Registrar are prohibited to keep their Court any longer in the Lady 
Chapel. 

1663 June 30. "Eisdem die et loco Georgius Parry in artibus 
mag-- iuratu iuxta librum vocat' Textus ecclesie in vim iuramenti sacro- 
sanctis Dei Evangeliis per eu corporaliter tact' et deosculat' suscepit."' 

Every Prebendary, in order of seniority, is to preach in the 
Cathedral each 30th day of January and 29th of May, being the King's 
holidays; and the Vicar Choral to preach on the 5th of November. 
The Bishop shall preach on the first Sunday after the Feast of the 

'At the same day and place George Parry, Master of Arts, took the oath according 
to the book called "Textus Ecclesiae," in the force of an oath upon the Holy Gospels 
of God by him corporally touched and kissed. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 21 

Assumption ; and the Archdeacon on Christmas Da}-, Ash Wednes- 
day, Good Friday and Ascension Day ; on which days the Vicar 
Choral shall officiate in his Cure. 

The Chancellor and Registrar having neglected to repair the 
Consistory, the 20 nobles granted for that purpose are recalled. The 
said Chancellor and his Surrogate shall hereafter forbear keeping 
Court within the Lady Chapel of this Cathedral, and the Proctor 
General is to provide locks and keys for the doors of the said chapel. 

"The same time and place the said lord BiP of Landaffe decreed 
Thomas Griffith clarke curate of Whitchurch to bee suspended ab 
officio ct bcitcficio durante bciicflacHo for his excesse of drunknes in 
Cardiffe." 

June 30. Mr. Thomas Maddocks, one of the Prebendaries, is 
ordered to make entry into the Manor or lands called Beganston, 
to the use of the Chapter, unless the pretended lessee shew a Lease 
thereof. 

1664 June 29. There was exhibited to the Chapter a certain 
script or writing purporting to be a Lease of " the mannor or 
Parsonage of Beganston with the chief mannor house &c.," bearing 
date 16 Jan. anno 12 Eliz. (1570), for 99 years, formerly granted to 
William Herbert of Cardiffe, esq., by the then Archdeacon and 
Chapter; annual rent 40s payable at Michaelmas. 

" The same time and place it was ordered that the books of acts 
of this Chapp"" beeing very much Decayed and disordered shalbee 
wholy transcribed verbatim into the new paper booke bought by 
Doctor Dauis, Archdeacon of Landaffe, ffor the transcribeinge 
wherof M^ Harpur our Chappter clarke shall haue satistaction or 
payment by the slieete or otherwise as in reason may bee though fitt 
and p'"portionabIe to the worke by the said BiP Archdeacon and 
Chappter. 

"The same time and place the BiP and Chappter committed to 
D'" Dauis Archdeacon of Landaffe vppon his desire certaine acts of 
this Chapp"" Viz' the acts made i'rom the yeare 1643 ^^ th*^ yeare 1664 
that he might draw breuiats of them." 

Testor Ran : Harpur 

No""' pub'"=' Cap'' 
Reg'rius. 



22 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1665 June 30. Decreed " I'hat they will make vse of suche 
addresse vnto the nobility and gentry of their Country towards the 
good of this Cathedrall Churche as other Chappters haue donn in 
respect of their respectiue Churches successfully. 

" Eisdem die et loco dicti Ep'us Archi'n's et Capp'lu vnanimiter 
promiserunt Viz' That whereas William Johnns sonn to m'' Nicholas 
Johnns beeing now a poore scholler and student in Oxford for his 
further incouradgment in his studdy if hee the said William hues and 
becomes capable of ecclesiasticall p'ferment shall haue tiie Viccaredge 
of Caerwent when it next falls voyd and that a coppy of this act bee 
deliuered to m"" Nicholas Johnns." 

Manor and rectory of Beganston &c is demised to Frances 
Thomas of Wenvoe, widow. 

1666 June 30. Lease to John Mathew, son of Maurice Mathew, 
one of the Prebendaries, for 21 years, of [inlcr alia) 10 acres of lands 
at Canton, called Tyr Goleu by the Wattrell, and 2 acres called Kay 
Joane Bagh. 

Decreed that, forasmuch as the old Book of Acts of this Chapter 
is decayed and has been transcribed into this book, and the same 
transcription is unexamined, the copy is to be compared with the 
original by Dr. Davies and Mr. Carnage, the Proctor General, " whether 
there bee any errors comitted in the said transcripc'on." 

No copy of any Act of this Chapter shall be given to any party 
or person before there be an Act of Cliapter for the delivery thereof. 

1667 July 1. Mr. Edward Gamage, the Proctor General, shall 
use the best means possibly he can for the disposing of the demesnes 
belonging to the Palace or house of Matharne.' 

Mr. Gamage shall choose some fit person to read Welsh service in 
the Lady Chapel or Whitchurch ; which done and provided, Welsh 
service or reading thereof to cease in the choir. 

1668 June 30. "ordered vnanimouslie that the seuerall titles 
of eatch respectiue p'bend shalbee fixed in the Vp|)er end of eatch 



jffici.il residence of the iiishops, near Chepstu 



THE LLANDAFK ACT BOOKS. 23 

stale' of euerye perticuler p'"bend w'hin the Quire of this Cath : 
Churche as was aunciently vsed."- 

November 13. The room over the Consistory shall be allowed, 
converted and ordered for a Registry, or place for keeping of records 
thereof. 

1670 June 30. The six choirmen are to receive 40s. apiece, for 
their better encouragement to fit themselves for the same. Twenty 
shillings apiece is to be paid for preparing boys for the choir. 

Mr. Owens, Vicar Choral, shall preach twice every quarter in 
Welsh in the Lady Chapel. Mr. Price, the other Vicar Choral, shall 
preach once in Welsh every quarter in the said chapel, and shall 
catechise in Welsh every Sunday from Shrovetide to Michaelmas. 

1 67 1 June 30. Twenty nobles are to be given by this Chapter 
towards the relief and redemption of the Christian captives in Turkey. 

Grant of 405. to Mr. Robert Graunt's relict /;/ tiiitn pduf^ciiatis, 
and los. to the wife of John Bassett now prisoner in Cardiffe. 

1672 July I. Mr. Wrench, the organist, is to receive 4/. quar- 
terly. 

1673 June 30. The organist and all the choristers shall 
constantly come to church to Morning and Evening Praj-er. Fines in 
case of default. Also they are to meet for instruction in the Lady 
Chapel every Thursday morning at 9 o'clock. 

Jan. 21. Lease granted to William Mathew of Landatfe, of a 
house and "ja. in Ely Moor and Gwaine Tullgoed, for 21 years at 
8s. 4^/. 

Grant to the Bishop for the time being, and his successors, by 
Griffith Thomas, Prebendar}' of St. Cross, of a house, stable and 
gardens adjoining to the cathedral churchj'ard, in consideration of the 
surrender of of 2a. called Gwaine s'' Harry, in the parish of 
Landaffe. 

1675 June 30. The Proctor General is to give 30s. to the 
relict of Theodore Price, late Vicar of Caerdiffe. 

^stall 

-This arrangement is continued in the Prebencial Stalls of the restored Cathedral. 



24 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1677 June 30. The Proctor General is to provide "a verge 
& gowne for a verger to serve in this Church.'' 

167S June 29. Lease of the Prebend of Cayre to Andrew 
Mathew, of the parish of Landaffe, gent. 

The Chapter contribute 15/ "towards the rebuilding of the 
Cathedral! Church of S' Paules London." 

1679 June 30. The Prebend of Liangvvm confirmed to Robert 
Savor, of St. Mary Church in the county of Glamorgan, yeoman. 

Lease of a messuage and gardens &c, together with gha. of land, 
and also a cottage or booth called " tayer Castle," and the Green, in 
Canton within the parish of Landaffe, is granted to Anne Lewis of 
S' ffagan's, widow. 

Order for glazing the windows of the new house built by the 
Chapter in the Churchyard. 

Order for giving 6s. Sd. "to such poore people as now are 
waiteing att the Church doore," out of the forfeitures of absent 
Prebendaries who have not preached in their turns. 

September 30. Thomas Roberts, notary public, appointed 
Registrar or Chapter Clerk. 

16S0 June 29. The sum of 6s. 8(/ is to be distributed among 
"the stragling poore now att Landaffe." 

Lease of lands at or near a place called " Plucka hallock," and 2a. 
of meadow lying below Ely in a place called "Morva bagh," to Thomas 
Roberts of Landaffe, the Chapter Clerk. 

Ten shillings allowed the Proctor General for his journey made 
to the Audit at Brecknock to receive the Chapter rent. 

1681 June 29. The manor and parsonage of Beganston, with 
its appurtenances (except one house adjoining to the churchyard of 
Landaffe), is leased to the Honourable Madam Mary Thomas of 
Ruperrey, widow, for 21 years. 

16S2 June 29. Licence granted to Thomas Roberts, gent., the 
Registrar, to build a seat or pew in the vacant place under my Lord 
Bishop's seat or throne, for himself and his wife to sit and kneel in the 
choir to hear divine service and sermon. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 



25 



A benevolence of los. to Mrs. Jones of Carwige, now a prisoner 
in CardiiTe. 

Mr. Francis Davies, Junior Vicar Clioral, ^liall iiave a key at iiis 
own proper cost and charges, to enter into the Library ; he first 
having taken his oath not to " imbezil " any of the books. 

1653 June 29. Lease of a messuage, garden and curtilage, 
with an adjoining parcel of waste ground, situate in the Combe in 
Landaff, granted to Prebendary David Price. 

The Bishop is to be reimbursed 5/ laid out by him towards the 
relief of the French Protestants, upon the account of the Chapter. 

1654 June 28. Whereas the charges are like to be very great 
which must arise upon the necessary repairs of this church and the 
adorning the same to the honour of God and conscionable discharge 
of that duty incumbent upon this Chapter: And whereas the said 
Chapter have been all along sensible of tiie manifold inconveniences 
which happen by the continuance of the Chapter Fntertamment in a 
public house; in which place disorders, great expences, and no 
reputation, does apparently happen to the Community : And whereas 
there has been a house erected for no other purpose but the Chapter's 
accommodation, and that there is only wanting furniture and utensils 
for the Chapter's more convenient and creditable reception on all 
Chapter Meetings ; the which are now designed with all convenient 
speed to be purchased : It is therefore agreed to break up all such 
unnecessary entertainments, and that every Prebendary shall bear his 
own expences, he being allowed at the Chapter held yearly on the 
feast of Saint Peter 205. 

Among the poor recipients of benevolence is Mr. Barkley Wrench, 
to whom 1/ 5s. is given. Mrs. Agnes Williams, of Cardiff, receives 

I OS. 

Undertaking signed by John Watkins, Prebendary of Wartha- 
cum, that he will restore the transcript of Lib: Lamiaven: with 18 
loose leaves, at the next Chapter, under a penalty of 20/. And 
below : — " The said booke with the eighteen loose leaves was 
brought in & restored according to this cauc'on by the aboves'^ m'' 
John Watkins." 



26 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1685 June 29. 

,'/;/ order for the Chapters ei!tertaiii»ieiit. 
Whereas it has been heretofore and is still found inconvenient 
upon several accounts, that the members of this Chapter should dine 
at a public house, and that there is a house already' built for their 
reception at Chapter time : It was unanimously agreed and ordered 
that the Proctor General shall lay out 12/ or thereabouts, towards the 
providing of one dozen of chairs, a large oval table with tablecloth 
and napkins fitting for the same ; and shall provide meat and drink fit 
for the Chapter's entertainment, and lay the same in the said house, 
where 't is intended that the meat shall be dressed, and where the 
Archdeacon and Prebendaries do resolve to diet together for the 
future, upon pain of loss of their dividend. 

1686 June 29. Whereas complaint hath been made that divine 
service hath not been performed at such certain hours as are observed 
in all other cathedral churches : Ordered, that the canonical hours of 
ten in the morning and four in the evening shall be observed for 
English Prayers ; and Welsh Prayers at such other hours as have 
been usual. 

William Mathevv of the Court, and his family, having neglected 
and refused to repair the north aisle of the Cathedral, so that it is 
grown unto miserable and dangerous decay, to the great charge and 
damage of this church : Ordered, that the liberty granted to the above- 
named family of burying in the said aisle be recalled ; and that no 
person be suffered to be buried there except upon payment of the 
usual fees. 

November 16. Thomas Stafford, L.L.D., and William Beaw, B.L., 
are granted in succession the dignity of Official. Archdeacon George 
Bull makes a Latin note in the margin, that he does not acknowledge 
the authority of the acts of this Chapter Meeting, held in the absence 
of himself or his proxy 

1687 June 28. Order for the repair of the roof and windows 
of the room over the Chapter House. Also the " Ivy & other 
greens " are to be cleared off, and the walls pointed. 

A question as to the Bishop's right to a dividend assigned to him 
by an Act of doubtful validity. 



THE LLANUAFF ACT BOOKS. 27 

1688 June 28. The worshipful Mr. William Bcaw, B.L., is con- 
firmed in the Chancellorship. 

Upon the petition of William Giles the younger, the Chapter 
promise that, upon his good behaviour of assisting his father, the 
present Clerk and Sexton, who is now antient and decrepid, he should 
succeed him in those offices after his said father's decease. 

16S9 June 28. Five pounds contributed to their Majesties' 
Brief for the relief of the Irish Protestants. 

Dispute as to whether the presentation to the Senior Vicar 
Choralship was in the gift of the Bishop or the Chapter. 

Ordered, that whatever fragments or broken meat shall be left 
after each meal or entertainment of the Chapter, shall be distributed 
amongst the poor. 

1690 July I. Surveys ordered, for the counties of Glamorgan 
and Monmouth severally, of the lands, tiths, perquisites and profits 
belonging to the Chapter. 

A Suit in Chancery was brought against Mr. William Beaw by 
Dr. John Jones, respecting the latter's right to the Chancellorship. 

1691 June 29. " The s'l Archdeacon 8c Chapter being fully 
mett in Chapter and considering the small revenues of this Church 
& the irregular managem' of the Quire thereof by the Singing men 
& singing boys belonging to the same voted the Quire Singing to be 
putt down & discontinued & their respective Salaries to be for the 
future withdrawn but considering the indigency of some of the 
Singing men, 't is referr'd to the discretion of the Procto'' Gen'all to 
give & bestow to such of them as he shall find occasion what sum of 
money as he shall judge meet p'"vided he gives no sum to either of 
them exceeding one yeares salar}'. 

"The same day the s^' Archdeacon & Chapter appointed M>" 
William Dear Deacon to give the Singing psalmes in the Quire of this 
Church, and that he should be allow'd four pounds yearly for such his 
service over & above tlie eight pounds form'"ly allow'd him by this 
Chapter for keepeing school." 

1692 June 29. Lease of ya. of land, and 3 houses with i|a., as 
also of Sha. more, with one house and garden called Ty Picka, situate 



28 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

in the several hamlets of Gabalva, Landaffe and Ely in the parish of 
Landaffe aforesaid. 

The sum of 7/ los. is to be paid Mr. Thomas Croft, " philomath:," 
for surveying the Chapter Lands within the county of Monmouth, 
and making a card thereof which he left to remain in the Registry of 
this Chapter. 

Other sums paid to various persons for the Survey of the lands 
in Glamorgan — 5/. in all for this county. 

The Proctor General is to pay 5/ towards the Brief for the 
redemption of captives out of Turkish slavery. 

1693 .lune 29. The said Bishop, Archdeacon and Chapter, 
upon the motion of Dr. Jonathan Edwards, Treasurer, ordered that 
" Tylo's Booke " with the iS loose folios should be delivered to him 
upon his giving a caution of the penalty of 20/ for the redelivery 
thereof to this Chapter at next Peterstide. 

1694 June 28. The use of the seat or pew in the north side of 
the choir of this Cathedral (wherein the widow of Mr. Roger Owen, 
who built the same, formerly sate) shall be continued to Mr. William 
Turbervill of Wattrell, for his wife and family together with his sister, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Turbervill, to sit in to hear divine service and sermons. 

The Chapter granted to their Clerk the use (jf their house in the 
Churchyard, where they keep their entertainment, till they have use 
for it themselves. 

1696 June 27. Madam Florence Herbert of Gabalva, widow, 
was granted leave to erect a seat in the choir, above and close to the 
seat of Mrs. Maddocks, betwixt the said pew and the rails of the altar 
or communion table. 

Ordered, that the great bell which lately fell down in the steeple 
of the Cathedral be set up and fixed in its place as formerly, and the 
clock put to strike thereupon. 

Chapter order a benevolence of 405. to the widow of Mr. John 
Mathews, late of Llandafte ; also to the widow of Mr. William Deere, 
formerly a member of the choir, with 4/ more for teaching school at 
Llandaffe since the death of her husband. 

1697 .lune 28. Prebendary Griffith Thomas brought in "Tylo's 
booke" with the iS loose folios. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS, 29 

Whereas there are eight corbels put up to support the roof of 
the Cathedral, and several more are in decay : Ordered, that the 
Proctor Genera! cause to repair and put up so many more corbels, 
instead of such as are decayed, as there is old timber ready in the 
church to fit and do the same. 

Benevolence of 205. to Mr. Edward Crosb}' " for his attendance 
vpon y^ Quire of this Church in playing vpon y« organs for sometyme 
there." 

i6gS June 30. Lease of the fourth part of the cursal tiths or 
barns, otherwise called the four barns of the Cathedrall Church of 
Llandaffe, to John Whitfield of Maydenhead in the county of Berks, 
esq., for three lives. 

Appointment of \_Ed-iVnrd'] Crosby, non^ of Cardiffc, to be Organist 
for this Cathedr(d ; a'/io is obliged to attend the eln^ir every Sunday and 
public holyday, to play leith the psalm and to give the usual voluntary upon 
the organ ; for i\:hieh he is to have jOs. per quarter. [Struck out. ] 

1699 June 29. The Archdeacon and Chapter "being capitularly 
congregated" in the said Chapter House, appointed Philip John, of 
Llandaffe, one of the late choirmen, to give the psalms in the said 
choir, in the room of Edward Smith deceased. 

They also appointed Anne Tanner, wife of William Gyles, to 
sweep the church and keep the choir and seats therein clean and 
decent, in the room of Wenllyan Gyles deceased. 



1700 June 29. Benevolence of 5/ to Mr. John Evans, rector of 
Llanllowell, " towards the repaire of his loss sustain'd by Fire." 

Lease of two houses and a cottage, with seven acres of lands, 
near Llandaffe, to Madam Jane Mathews, widow of the late Brigadier 
General Edward Mathews, assignee of Thomas Williams, of Cardiff, 
alderman. 

[Blank from 1703 to 1705.] 

1706 July 2. Complaint by Mr. Thomas Andrews and Mr. 
Francis Davies, clerks to this Chapter but commonly called Vicars 
Choral of the Cathedral Church of Llandaffe, that they are prosecuted 
in the Arches Court of Canterbury by Mr. Thomas Maddocks, one of 



3° 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



the Registrars of LandalTc, for desisting reading Prayers in the said 
church at several times when the said Mr. Maddoci<s, being an ex- 
communicated person, came in among the congregation. The Chapter 
resolve to defend the complainants. 

1707 June 2S. Lease of the rectories of Penclawdd and Lan- 
goven to the Worshipful Richard Jenkins of Hensoll in the parish of 
Pendylon, esq. 

Lease of two houses, a barn and seven acres of lands in the city 
and parish of Landaffe, to Illtyd Nicholl, assignee of Madam Jane 
Mathews of the Court. 

Benevolence of 10/ to Dr. Robert Scott, Dean of Glasgow, 
towards the relief of the distressed Episcopal Clergy of the Kingdom 
of Scotland. 

Also 2/. to Mr. Rice Williams, vicar of Langwm, towards the 
repair of his loss by fire. 

171 5 June 28. The Ciiapter granted a convenient place for 
Mrs. Alice Roberts, widow, to erect and build a seat on the left side of 
the choir of the Cathedral, overagainst and opposite to the seat lately 
erected by Mr. Thomas Davies on the right side of the said choir, and 
to equal and answer the said Davies his seat in proportion, situation 
and conveniency. 

Agreement with Thomas Rosser, of Cardiffe, glazier, for the 
repair of the windows in the Cathedral and Prebendaries' House. 

1 7 16 July 2. Lease of tenements in LlandafT (lately granted 
to George Howells, esq., surviving guardian of Edward Herbert, esq., 
since deceased) to Mariannne Herbert, widow, and Elizabeth Herbert, 
widow, their executors and assigns, in trust for Thomas Herbert, 
gentleman, an infant, son of the said Edward Herbert. 

William Morgan, elected Master of the Free School. 

171S July 3. Agreement with Mr. William Morgan of 
Coedygorass, the younger, lessee of the tiths of Lanederne, about 
his building a tith-barn there. 

Leave granted Mr. Thomas Roberts to enlarge his seat under the 
Lord Bishop's throne, in length towards the west end thereof. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 31 

1 7 19 June 27. Beganston manor and rectory leased to Sir 
Charles Kemeys of Kevenmabiey, bart., fur 21 years. 

I 72 1 June 28. Appointment of Christopher Lewis, of Landaffe, 
tailor, to give the singing-psalms in the choir of the Cathedral, for 4/ 
a year. 

Lease to Mary Davies, spinster (daughter of Francis Davies, 
clerk, deceased), of 2a. on Lley More, },a. near Wain Wilt, la. more 
in Eley More called Erw Wen, as also ja. called Annes Pewterer's 
Lands. 

"July y^- 4"' 

" The s<^ ArchDeacon & Chapter takeing into Consideration the 
great Decays of this Cathedral Church & finding themselves utterly 
incapable, out of their small Revenues, to Support the growing Charge 
of Repairs occasioned by Sev''all Storms and Tempests and p'^ticularly 
the Extraordinary one of November y<^ 20"' last past as well by y"^ 
general Decay of y'^ Timber in y<^ Rooffe & other Materials of the 
Church by length of time Have Resolved & doe Order an Address or 
Petition to be drawn up and p'"sented To the King's most Excellent 
Majesty, To his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales & To the 
Nobility, Gentry & Clergy of this Diocess &. To the assistance and 
Contributions for and towards y^ repaireing of this Church And 
accordingly y«= s*^ Petitions were drawn up and signed by y^ Sev''all 
Members of this Chapter. 

"The same day The s*^ Archdeacon & Chapter continued y^ 
Revi^end M"" Morgan Evans Chancellour of this Church to be their 
Proctor Gen'"al for y<= Ensueing Year. 

" Deinde Concluserunt hu'mo'j Cap'lum. 
Ita Testor. 

Tho : Davies, N.P., 

RegHus Cap'li p''d'."' 



'They then concluded sucli Chapter, Witness niy signature, Thomas Davies, 
Notary Public, Registrar of the aforesaid Chapter. 



32 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Llandaff Chapter Acts. 

Vol. II., !722-lSl6. 

Folio paper book bound in rough calf. Slightly wormed. 

1722 June 28. 

" ^■'""^ T was alsoe y*" same day Ordered by the Chapter 

■ I that Noe Corps should for y^ future be buried 

Hi in the Cathedral Church or y^ Isles thereof or in 

^■jB^ y<= Lady's Chapel thereto adjoyning w'hout paying 

y^ Usual ffees for y<^ Sepulture." 
Any member of the Chapter who does not personally appear 
here on Saint Peter's Da}', shall have no share or dividend of the 
scal-mone}' arising from Leases &c. granted by the Chapter. 

The Pri'Ctor General is to pay unto Mr. John Watkins, clerk, their 
curate of Langoven and Penclawdd (now a prisoner in Monmouth 
gaol) any sum of mone\' not exceeding 20/, towards procuring his 
enlargement out of prison.' 

1726 June 28. The walls of the Cathedral are to be cleaned 
from all " iv}^ and other shrubs." 

Out of the Chapter stock, the Proctor General shall purchase one 
ticket in the present State Lottery ; the benefit (if any should arise 
from the same) to be applied in such uses as the Chapter may 
appoint. 

1727 June 28. The Chapter ordered the Proctor General to 
get the little bell, " w^'' is crazed," to be new cast ; and the School- 
house, which is lately fallen down, to be rebuilt. 

172S June 28. Lease granted of the rectories of Lantillio 
Gressenny, Penrose, Lanarth, Bettus, Clitha, Dingestow and 
Tregare to the Hon. Robert Price, esq., one of the Justices of His 
Majesty's Court of Common Pleas at Westminster. "And in regard 
the s'i Judge has noe Parke, the s^ ArchDeacon and Chapter att his 



1 The uiifoituiKite gentleman seems to have been the victim cf a suit in the 
Exchequer, brought by Walter Churchey of L'slv, esq,, lessee of the rectories of 
Llangoveu and Penyclawdd, touching the payment of the curate's salary. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 33 

request have Agreed to accept of four Pounds Yearly in lieu of y^ 
Dueties of a Buck & a Doe menc'oned in this Lease." 

The Bishop having promised ^100 to the repairing of the 
Cathedral, the Chapter resolve to furnish ^200 towards the same 
'object. 

1729 July I. " Quo primo die Julij p^'d' the Chapter takeing 
Notice of y^ Drunkeness &: other Irregularities & ill behaviour of 
Lewis Giles their Vu'ger & Sexton did for y^ same Suspend him 
from y^ Execution of y« s'' offices & profitts thereof for one Whole 
Year." 

The Chapter having been at a great expence in new flagging the 
Lady's Chapel, and being desirous the same should be kept level, 
order that in future, before any grave be opened for the burial of any 
deceased person, the sum of £1. is. be paid into the hands of the 
Senior Vicar Choral, otherwise no such grave to be opened. 

1730 June 27. The old silver Chapter Seal is to be melted 
down, and a new one made therewith. 

The Bishop and Chapter, taking into consideration the present 
ruinous condition of their house commonly called the Prebendaries' 
House, situate in the churchyard, have proposed the granting of a 
Lease thereof for 21 years to Mr. Thomas Uavies, their Chapter Clerk, 
in consideration of his repairing the same, paying the yearly rent of 
IS. and allowing to the members of Chapter the use of the dining- 
room in the said house, as often as they meet on capitular business. 

Lease of a messuage called Ty Hire and g^a. of lands in Canton, 
with one cottage or bootii called Kaer Castell, and the Green there, 
to Anthony Maddocks of Kevenydva, gentleman, and Alice Davies, of 
Ogmore, widow, executors of the Will of Jane Edwards late of 
Ogmore, widow, deceased ; in trust for Jane Broadbear, an infant, to 
whom they are devised by the said Will. 

Order for the purchase of another Lottery Ticket for the Chapter. 

The 50/ subscribed by the Archdeacon towards the repairs of the 
Cathedral shall be laid out in new seating and adorning the Lady 
Chapel according to a Plan now produced. 

The order for the Chapter's subscription of ^200 to the Cathedral 
repairs is rescinded, they thinking it more proper and advisable that 



34 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

"every particular Member of this Chapter should p''sonally Subscribe 
for himself" such a sum as he may think fit. 

[732 June 2S. Mr. Wood, of Bath, is to have twenty guineas 
for surveying the Cathedral and taking estimates of the repairs thereof, 
and for journeys made by himself and "some Artifers " from Bath or 
Bristol on that occasion. 

1733 June 28. Payment ordered of £S7- '6. 2, the joiner's 
bill for new pewing the Lady's Chapel, and making a new folding 
door and frame on the south side of the Cathedral, for the more easy 
access to the said chapel. 

1734 June 29. Payment ordered of two guineas to Mr. Killin, 
of Crecklade, Wilts, for his journeys and trouble in surveying the 
Cathedral and making a draught and model, and drawing up an estimate 
of the expence of such repairs as the church now wants. 

List of benefactors to the repairing-fund, and vote of thanks to 
them. 

A Table of Benefactors is forthwith to be prepared and set up in 
some conspicuous part of the Cathedral. 

Agreement with Mr. John Wood, of Bath, architect, for repairing 
the Cathedral at a cost of not more than £i,'joo, including the old 
materials. The scheme proposed by the Surve3'or is first to take oflf 
the whole roof and lower it about 6 foot, the walls being so far very 
defective. In the next place, some of the walls being fallen down, 
and others much out of perpendicular, he is to draw an estimate of 
the expence of repairing all the walls upon the old foundation in a 
decent and substantial manner; as also of putting up a new roof, 
glazing the windows and new casting the lead. 

■735 June 28. Accounts begin now to be entered in a 
systematic manner, in column. 

" To M'' Gray a Carpenter from London for his Journey to 

Landaffe £2i- ,v O- 
" Payd for Oake Timber bought of Robert Jones Esq'''= by Bill 

from M'" Tho* Davies who agreed for y"^ same /"40. 
" Payd M'' Theobald's Bill for ffirr timber bought of him by y" 

direction of M'' Wood the Surveyor ^180, iSs. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 35 

ffor y« ffreight of 3'^ s'^ timber from London to Cardiffe ^50. 
Payd by M"" Davies to Workmen employed in erecting the 

ScafTolds in the Church ^15. 
Payd M'' Killin for two Journeys out of Gloucestersh"" to Survey 

the Church & make an Estimate of the repairs thereof 

£2. 25. 

Payd James Thomas for Cleaning & takeing off the Ivy from 
the Church Walls £1. is. 

" Total of the Disbursem'^ 292. 04. 00 



" Soe that there still remains "] 
in y^' s'^ M'' Maddock's hands ■ 609. 06. 00 " 
to ballance this Account ) 

Whereas, by an Act made the first of July 1729, the Chapter 
thought fit to suspend Lewis Giles, their Sexton and " Virger," for 
his drunkenness and ill behaviour, from the execution of the said 
ofifices and profits thereof for the space of one year, and afterwards 
restored him to the same upon his promise of behaving more soberly 
and orderly for the future ; And whereas the said Lewis Giles has, at 
this present Chapter, been drunk and clamorous in church, and other- 
wise behaved himself in a very disrespectful manner before the said 
Lord Bishop and Prebendaries : The said Lord Bishop and Chapter 
(seeing no hopes of the said Lewis Giles' reformation and amendment) 
have thought fit, and do by this their Act of Chapter, absolutely 
remove him, for his said crimes and offences, from the said offices and 
profits thereof. 

1736 June 28. Thomas Charles, clerk, B.A., is appointed 
Master of the Free School. 

Lewis Rosser is appointed Clerk and Sexton 

1737 June 28. At the same time and place the said Lord 
Bishop and Chapter, in order to preserve the new floors of this 
Cathedral Church and (as far as in them lies) prevent their being 
broken up for graves, thought fit to order and decree that no dead 
bodies be for the future buried in the choir, aisles thereto adjoining, or 
nave, or in the Lady Chapel, without first depositing the sum of 



36 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

twenty shillings in the hands of the Proctor General or his agent, 
before any grave be made there. And as soon as convenient!}' can be 
after burial in such grave, to close up the same and to make pillars or 
proper supporters with brick or stone, to hinder the said floors from 
falling down or sinking in the place where such graves shall be made. 
And the said Lord Bishop further ordered that the Churchwardens be 
forthwith put under admonition to repair the churchyard walls belong- 
ing to this church, that such of the inhabitants of this parish as shall 
not think fit to comply with or submit to this Order may bury their 
dead in the said churchyard. 

The Chapter may erect a fives-court for the use of the scholars of 
the Free School, on the soil near the dwellinghouse in Landaffe leased 
by them to Robert Jones. 

1738 June 28. "At w^h time & place the s"^' Archdeacon & 
Chapter Order'd their Proctor General to cause the Great Bell in the 
Tower of this Cathedral Church w'^'' is now crazed to be new cast w'^ 
all convenient speed & that it be made into Such a Tenor, as may 
cover a Peal of 5 or 6 Bells — 

" It was allsoe order'd at the same time that 5 Guineas be pa3'd 
by the Proctor General to M'' Thomas Omar Joyner for his extraor- 
dinary care ab' the buildings of this Church, over and above his 
Wages. 

March 9 Friday. Installation of the new Bishop, Doctor Matthias 
Mawson. The official record of the ceremony concludes thus : — 

•' And Lastly to manifest the Premisses the s'l William Miles goeing 
into the Bellfry of the s'^ Cathedral Church tolled for a Short time one 
of the Great Bells there in token of his haveing gotten Possession as is 
Customary upon the Installations of Bishops & ordered it to be tolled 
for sometime afterwards." 

1739 June 28. The Bishop and Chapter admonish Mr. 
William Morgan, clerk, the Junior Vicar Choral, for having " fre- 
quented tipling Houses & been often seen disguised in liquor to y'= 
danger of his Soul &: y*^ Evil K.xample of all good Christians." 

1740 June 28. The remainder of the charge expended last 
year in repairing Jasper's Tower is to be paid. The windows of the 
Lady Chapel, now in a tottering and ruinous condition, are to be 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 37 

repaired. The great window at the east end' is to be taken down, a 
lesser window-frame of good, well-seasoned oak timber put up in the 
room thereof; a good stone arch made above such window, and the 
vacant places (both above and on the sides thereof) well walled up. 
The freestone jambs of the other six windows in the said chapel shall 
be well repaired, and all those windows new glazed. Further, the 
deal board partition in the nave, put up as a fence to the new work, 
shall be new tarred and otherwise secured against the weather. 

1743 June 28. Ordered, that the buttresses and other parts of 
Jasper's Tower be forthwith well pointed and repaired, and the weeds 
on all parts of the church walls cleaned. 

1747 June 29. Lease to Rees Jenkins of Hensol, gent., 
assignee of Charles Jones, of a mansion house, barn, outbuildings and 
garden on the churchyard wall in the parish of Pentirch ; also ^n. 
called Crofft-y-Ffynnon, 2*7, called Frw'r Vscolhaig, and 16a. called 
Tir-y-Coed. 

Two locks (instead of the present four) are to be put on the 
Chapter desk where the Acts, Counterpart Leases, Seal &c. of the 
Chapter are kept. 

The old tower belonging this Church, and the stairs leading to 
it, shall be repaired by Mr, Cole. 

Mr. Morgan is again strictly admonished for drunkenness. 

August 13. William Morgan, the Junior Vicar Choral [vicar 
of Pentyrch] is a third time summoned before the Chapter for 
being " concerned in liquor." Mrs. Rachel Rosser testifies to having 
met the reverend gentleman in that condition, returning on horseback 
from Cardiffe. The accused is once more admonished, and told -'that 
if this Extraordinary Mildness now Shewn to him will not produce 
the desir'd Reformation in him, he will most infallibly be turn'd out 
of the Church at the Chapter to be held in January- next." [He died 

in I753-] 

July g. Lewis Rosser, the Clerk of this church, is appointed 
to give out the Psalm on Sundays and holydays. He is to have 
the salary usually paid to the Psalmgiver. 

^ Antiquaries with weak nerves liad better skip this paragraph. 



38 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1749 June 28. The Senior Vicar Choral has leave to take 
away the yew-tree he cut down in the churchyard. 

1750 June 30. A small fine is accepted from John Morgan, of 
Radir, yeoman, for premises in the parish of Llandaff, because the 
lessee has been at a considerable expence in rebuilding the Mitre inn, 
part of the property. 

1756 June 28. Ordered, that part of the old steeple be pulled 
down. 

1757 March 24. Nathaniel Wells, clerk, M.A,, appointed 
Senior Vicar Choral. 

175S June 28. "Ordered that the crack'd Bells in Jaspers 
Tower be taken down and sold and the money arising from the sale 
thereof apply'd to the repairs of the Fabrick." 

Licence granted to Mr. John Williams of Coed-y-goras to assign to 
Mr. Henry Llewellin, of the town of Cardiff, Attorney-at-Law, the 
lease of Lanedern rectory. 

" Ordered that M"" Henry Jones, Vicar of S' Hilary in the County 
of Glamorgan, be prosecuted and articled against in the Ecclesiastical 
Court of the Diocese for his indecent and scandalous behaviour, 
various complaints being made to the Chapter of his drunkenness and 
Immorality, and profane cursing and swearing." 

1759 June 28. "Ordered that George Nott Bell-hanger do 
take down the old Bells, and putt up the largest and small one, to find 
all Timber Wheels and Stocks that shall be deficient, Iron and 
Brasses and hang them in a workmanlike manner (ropes excepted) 
and to have all the old materials, exclusive of Bells & ropes, for fifteen 
Guineas, and the work to be compleated by Mich'mas agreeable to an 
Article enter'd into with the said George Nott." 

Ordered, that a new grate be put in the kitchen of the Prebendal 
House, and that one of the old pewter dishes be exchanged. 

1763 July I. A messuage, barn and 3i| acres of land in 
Canton in the parish of Landaft" granted to Jane, widow of Thomas 
Young deceased. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 39 

1769 June 2S. Ordered, that the state of the Prebendal House 
be immediateh' enquired into and survej-ed by a skiUul workman. 
And that the Proctor General be desired to enquire into the expence 
of a decent cloth for the Communion table, and cushions for the 
Bishop's throne and the pulpit, and also a gown for the verger. 

The skilful workman reports that the Prebendal House is in a 
very decayed and ruinous state, " and that the expence of a new Roof 
and repairing the Walls will be attended with an expence of Sixty 
Pounds at least." 

1 77 1 June 29. Ordered, that Mr. Nathaniel Wells, Senior Vicar 
Choral, be prosecuted in the Ecclesiastical Court for "divers crimes 
and enormities said and supposed to be committed by him." 

" Whereas the said M"" Wells has been frequently admonished by 
this & former Chapters respecting his scandalous life and Conversa- 
tion, without any reformation in M"" Wells from such admonitions. 
And whereas the said M"" Wells after a serious and pious admonition 
given him by the said Lord Bishop and Prebendaries assembled at 
their late Chapter at Peterstide 1770, promis'd to quit and give up 
the place of Senior Vicar Choral of this Church by him then and now 
held and enjoy'd, at or before May day last past, and the said 
M"" Wells having been guilty of a breach of promise and still con- 
tinuing to hold and enjoy the said Vicar Choralship contrary to his 
promise made as aforesaid, & without any reformation in his life & 
Conversation, It is therefore hereby Ordered that from this time he is 
not to be paid or allow'd any preaching money for the several turns 
of preaching paid & allow'd by the respective Members of this 
Chapter." 

1773 June 28. James Davies resigned the office of Chapter 
Clerk or Registrar, and was succeeded by Richard Lewis, Notary 
Public. 

1777 June 28. The Rev. Benjamin HalP, B.D., was appomted 
Senior Vicar Choral, and is, b}' virtue of that office, to hold the whole 
minute tiths of Llandaff and Whitchurch. 



'He was a Hall of Daisyback in the parish of Gumfrestou, l^eiiibrokcshiie, and 
was grandfather to the first Lord Llaiiover. 



40 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



Ordered, that the great bell now hanging in the steeple belonging 
to tiie said Cathedral Church be taken down and new cast by a bell- 
founder. 

177S June 27. Ordered by the said Bishop and Chapter, that 
a new surplice be bought for the Senior Vicar Choral. 

The Chapter consent to the taking down and removing of the 
house annexed to the Prebend of Holy Cross, it bemg ruinous and 
incapable of repair. 

'779 June 28. Ordered, that for the future no person what- 
ever be permitted to erect any tomb or monument in the churchyard 
without the consent of the Proctor General and the payment of a fee 
of 6s. 8^. Also a fee of 65. 4.d. is to be paid for the interment of 
every non-parishioner. 

1 78 1 June 28. " Very reasonable Proposals having been made 
by the Reverend Benjamin Hall, B.D., .Senior Vicar Choral, to the 
Inhabitants of the Parish of Landaff, of raising his Tyths, which have 
been rejected on their part unless he acknowledges the Existance of a 
Modus which from its Rankness cannot ever have existed; the Chapter 
taking the same into their Consideration, hereby direct the said 
Benjamin Hall not to come into any Compromise or Agreement with 
the said Parishioners of Landaff by the Terms of which he acknow- 
ledges the Modus claimed to be valid." 

1787 June 28. Agreement with William Edward, of the parish 
of Eglws Ilan, mason, for repairing the steeple of this church, at a 
cost of ^180; he to find all materials, and to be permitted to wall 
up the upper south window of the said steeple. 

178S June 28. A new folio Prayer Book to be purchased for 
the use of the Senior Vicar Choral. 

1791 June 28. Edward Pearson, Notary Public, is appointed 
Chapter Clerk or Registrar, in the room of Richard Lewis deceased. 

Ordered, that the Chapter Clerk be empowered to emploj' any 
proper workman to survey the part of the old tower' which now 

'The south tower. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 41 

remains standing, in order to its being taken down, and to repair the 
cathedral roof. 

The room over the Chapter House is to be fitted up for the 
reception of the Registrar's papers. 

Order for the seahng of a Conveyance of lands through which the 
proposed Canal from Merthir TidviU to Cardiff will pass. 

1794 June 28. The Chapter contributes £^0 towards the 
internal defence of the County of Glamorgan. 

1795 June 27. Ordered, that some plain seats be made for the 
accommodation of the congregation in the Cathedral Church. 

1799 June 29. Ordered, that £^ be laid out by the Inspector 
of the Fabric, towards repairing the pavement and forming screens at 
the entrance of the Welch Chapel, provided the parish will con- 
tribute; and that workmen be consulted on the repairs of the east 
window, which is now in a very decayed state. 

Ordered, that no person whatsoever be permitted to make use of 
the Prebendal Room for any purpose whatsoever. 

Occupation of the Cwm Yard is to be offered to a new tenant. 

iSoi June 27. Ordered, that the additional sum of two 
guineas be given to the person who furnishes the Chapter entertain- 
ment, on account of the extraordinary dearness of provisions. 

1S07 June 27. A clock is to be purchased and set up in the 
tower of the Cathedral, at a cost of forty guineas. 

iSoS June 28. Ordered, that the Proctor General be em- 
powered to treat with Thackwell, clockmaker in Cardiff, for the sale 
of the clock lately purchased by Dr. Hall for the use of this Cathedral. 

1809 June 28. Ordered, that the Cliapter Clerk do attend 
when that part of the Parish of Pentirch is perambulated that adjoins 
to the Parish of Lantwit Vairdre, in order to ascertain the boundary 
between the said Parishes. 

1817 January 15. Edward Stephens, Notary Public, appointed 
Chapter Clerk or Registrar. 




CARDIFF RECORDS. 

ESIDES the Act Books above cited, the Chapter 
Clerk has in his custody an octavo book of 
seven folios of vellum, newly bound in calf, 
lettered " Oratio Episcopi Landavensis Prae- 
bendariis in Capitulo congregatis. Consuetudines et Ordinationes 
Ecclesiae Landavensis', 1575." 

At f' I d begins the Latin oration. It is texted in Italian script, 
and headed thus : — " Oratio reuerendi in Chr'o patris ac Dn'i Willi'mi 
Blethin permissione diu'na Landauerf Ep'i Prebendariis suis in Cap'lo 
Landaueri congregatis."- This document has been printed, from a 
copy, in Archaologia Cauibrcnsis, July 1854. It will suffice to note, in 
this place, that the Bishop laments the miserable condition to which 
the very ancient Church of LlandafT has been reduced, and contrasts 
it with the Cathedral's former splendour and the wealth with which 
the See was anciently endowed. While allowing the necessity for 
purging the Church of her old Popery, he bewails the neglect, 
destruction and robbery which has deprived her of her magnificent 
ornaments, vestments, books and choral offices. He points out that 
even pigs are allowed to roam the sacred precincts. He exhorts the 
Prebendaries to aid him in restoring to Llandaff Cathedral some 
portion of her former dignity', and hopes that what she was under 
Bishop Urban and Pope Honorius, she may again be under Bishop 
Blethin and Queen Elizabeth. 

The Oration is tollowed by certain Articles taken from the 
ancient and now lost manuscript known a.s the " Textus Ecclesiae," or 
" Textus Capituli." They consist largely of regulations for the 
Prebendaries, Vicars Choral and Annuellaries ; which last term 
originally meant chantry-priests engaged in the cathedral, for a year 
at a time, to sing Masses, Obits, Dirges &c for the souls of deceased 
founders. Bishop Blethin adapted these Articles to the requirements 
of the Reformation, but was evidently anxious to preserve as much 
of the flavour of antiquity as was consistent with the new order of 
things. 

' Oration of the Bishop of Llaiidafl' to the Prebendaries in Chapter assembled. 
The Customs and Ordinances of the Church of Llandaft". 

-An Oration of the Reverend Fatlier in Christ, the Lord William Blethin, by 
divine permission Bishop of Llandaff, to his Prebendaries assembled in the Chapter uf 
Llandaft. 



THE LLANDAFF ACT BOOKS. 43 

Not the least interesting document in this little volume is that 
which is written on the first page. Though it seems to have been 
purposely effaced, its meaning can be made out with a magnifying- 
glass and a good light. The document is in Latin, and dated at 
Westminster 20 January 1527. It is an Exemplification of a 
Dispensation granted by Thomas, Archbi.shop of Canterbury and 
Primate of England, Chancellor of England and Legate a tato-c of His 
Holiness the Pope, and operating b\' virtue of the Papal delegation, 
unto Roland ap Moglon and Blanche Vaghan, of the Diocese of 
Llandaff, to marry nothwithstanding that they were within the 
prohibited degrees of relationship. The record is signed by "Jo. 
Hughes " and " W. Clarburg, Datarius," and is certified a true copy. 
It recites that "our most holy lord the Pope" has granted unto the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, for the time being, power to dispense in 
such matrimonial causes, and declares that his Grace, by virtue of the 
Apostolic authority, consents to the humble pra^'er of the parties and 
allows them freely to contract marriage without incurring any 
penalties. 




rV'R-CAPEL, Ll.ANEDERN. 




CHAPTER II. 

Cavbiff (Touncil riDinutes, 1880*1897. 




URING the seventeen years covered 
b}- the following extracts from the 
Minutes of Council, the giant 
strides of Cardiff's material growth 
and progress proceeded even more 
markedly than before. New Docks 
were added to the already large 
_ shipping accommodation of the 
port, and increased railwa}' facili- 
ties enabled coal to be poured into them at a more rapid rate than 
ever. The realm of bricks and mortar went on enlarging its borders 
and encroaching steadily upon the rural beauty of the adjoining 
parishes. Picturesque old farmhouses made way to the demands of 
the ever-growing population, meadows were effaced by streets, and 
suburban villas gave up their front gardens for the projection of shops. 
The speed of Cardiff^'s advance was almost bewildering. The 
merchant, returning from a couple of months' holiday abroad, had 
often a difficulty in recognising his own road, for the alterations that 
had been effected during his absence. 

Then it was, however, that Cardiff turned her thoughts to the 
past, and remembered her ancient and honourable history. In i8So 
Mr. George E. Robinson examined the Charters, and a Committee 
was ordered to be formed to obtain possession of missing 
muniments. It was not until iS86 that the Charters Committee 
actually got to work, and received a report by Mr. Robinson and 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 



45 



Mr. Robert Drane. It was resolved to have translations made of the 
Charters, and zincograph facsimiles of the originals, but this was not 
done. In 188S Mr. Robinson urged the Corporation to carry their 
Resolution into effect, but his efforts were not successful at that time. 
In 1S90 the Charters were repaired and restored at the expense of the 
late Mr. G. T. Clark of Tal-y-garn, who announced his intention of 
printing them in the following year. At the same time four of the 
original Royal Charters were presented to the Corporation by Lord 
Bute. At this point things remained until the end of 1893, when the 
statements of the "South Wales Daily News" led to the formation of 
the present Records Committee and to the work of their Archivist, as 
narrated in the Introduction to these volumes. 

The Marquess of Bute's acceptance, in 1890, of the office of 
Mayor of Cardiff, was the initiation of a custom since widely followed 
in other boroughs, whereby the post of chief magistrate has been 
taken up by the principal local landowner, often a peer of the realm. 




TY-Y-CWN, ROATH (demolished 



46 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



[S79 November 10 Monda)'. Present: — 

The Mayor, Chairman. 



William Alexander. 
W. B. Watkins. 

C. W. David 
Thomas Evans. 

Rees Jones. 

J. W. Vachell. 

David Duncan. 

Richard Cory junior. 

John Rowlands. 

John Evans. 

G. A. Stone. 

A Thomas. 

G. W. Armstrong. 

T. V. Yorath. 

D. L. Lougher. 

E. W. Shackell. 
1. G. Proger. 



■lldernien. 



Coiineillon 



Daniel Jones. 
Joseph Elliott. 
Henry Bowen. 
Daniel Lewis. 

W. Sanders. 
W. Treseder. 
A. Fulton. 
D. E. Jones. 
T. W. Jacobs. 
Robert Davies. 
David Jones. 
Thomas Rees. 
Rees Enoch. 
Thomas Evans. 
W. E. Vaughan. 
W. J. Trounce. 
VV. J. Newbery. 



Ebenezer Bevan. 



Councillor John McConnochie elected Mayor. Salary ^300. 
Alderman Thomas Evans, Deputy Mayor. 
(Morgan John, Town Crier, deceased.) 

November 17. Special. 

Approves the application of Mr. H. R. Snelgrove to lay down a 
tramway from Lower Grangetown to Splotlands. 

December S. Special. 

Mr. \V. C. Hurley, the Manager of the Tramway, has agreed to 
convey the prison van from the Police Station to the Gaol, for six 
months, at the rate of £<bo per annum. 

The contractors have commenced work on the southern portion 
of Richmond Road, as ordered by the Council. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97, 47 

Borough Engineer recommends that the carriage-way of Trinity 
Street be altered from pebble pitching to macadam. 

Newport Road is being widened, from Roath Court to Broadway. 

Mr. Henry Allpass, Secretary and Librarian of the Free Library, 
is in future to be denominated the Chief Librarian; and Mr. John 
Ballinger, Assistant Librarian. 

One of the rooms in the Old Police Station, Saint Mary Street, 
is to be used as a cabmen's shelter in cold weather. 

General District Rate is. ^d. in the £. 

_;i/'i,ooo to the School Board. 

The application of Thomas Davies, one of the Serjeants at Mace, 
for an increase of salary was lost. (The salary was at this time ^5 
per annum and a suit of clothes.) 

The Mayor and Financial Clerk are authorized to overdraw the 
Corporation account at the Old Brecon Bank,' to the extent of 
^50,000, if required for the purchase of the Waterworks. 

Finance Committee recommend compliance with the request of 
Inspector James and his wife, that their salary as hall-keepers of the 
Town Hall be increased to 30s. per week. 

Watch Committee draw the Head Constable's attention to the 
practice of flying pigeons in the suburbs of the town on Sundays, 
and to the blocking of North Road by the Cathays omnibuses. 

Museum Sub-Committee acknowledge donations of a Welsh 
"Prince of Wales halfpenny" and an autograph letter of Daniel 
O'Connell. 

Town Clerk is to request Dean Vaughan of Llandaff to distribute 
prizes to the students of the Science and Art Schools. 

Resolved, by the Schools Sub-Committee, that the Art Silver 
Medal be awarded to Mr. John Ballinger. 

1880 January 12. Special. 

The purchase of the Cardiff Waterworks having been completed, 
it is resolved, that the best thanks of this Council be given to his 
Worship the Mayor, Aldermen Jones and Bowen, Councillor Sanders 
and the Town Clerk, Mr. J. L Wheatley, for the valuable services 
they have rendered to this Borough in connection with the purchase 

'Its offices were in a lofty, red-brick, Georgian house on the west side of High 
Street, demolished circa iSgo. 



48 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

of the Waterworks, and for the highly satisfactory manner in which 
they have negotiated the necessary loan. 

K. W. Lewis, of Cardiff, is appointed Principal Assistant in the 
Financial Clerk's Department, at a salary of _;^ioo per annum. 

Attention was called to the obstruction in Saint Mary Street, 
caused b}' the awning erected in front of the Town Hall on the 
occasion of balls, &c., and a suggestion was made that in future the 
sides should be left open until the last moment. Attention was also 
directed to the want of police in Roath, but no resolution was 
come to 

David Morse, Water Bailiff, reports that the North West Buoy, 
leading to the Old Canal, has been raised by him and left to dry on 
Coflfin's Beach. 

iSSo February 9 Monday. 

Memorial praying the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury 
to consent to an exchange of the site of Castle Street for property 
belonging to the Trustees of the Marquess of Bute. Recites that one 
of the Improvements cuiitemplated by the Cardiff Improvement Act, 
1S75, was the widening of Angel Street on tlie north side and for the 
whole length thereof, and the stopping up and appropriating the soil 
of a very narrow street called Castle Street, which ran parallel with 
Angel Street ; and that for this purpose it was necessary to acquire 
a number of houses on the north side of Angel Street. That Angel 
Street and Castle Street were two narrow streets lying parallel to 
one another and separated by a block of houses forming the northern 
side of Angel Street and the southern side of Castle Street. That 
the said houses have been demolished and the site thereof, about 
twenty feet in width, now forms part of Angel Street ; which has 
thus been formed into a thoroughfare sixty feet wide, more than 
sufficient for the present requirements of the traffic. That Castle 
Street is bounded along its northern side by the grounds of Cardiff 
Castle, the property of the Most Honourable the Marquess of Bute 
and of the Trustees of the Will of the late Marquess of Bute. That, 
by the widening of Angel Street, Castle Street has become unneces- 
sary for public purposes, and its site has been agreed to be exchanged 
for other land. 





^ 








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^^f '"^\ 








5^ V m 




"'"'Sm^-'^^ 




/SI l"^.*' 




^^^|P!\ 


k 


"■'''Wf^^'. ^M 







COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. 49 

Council petitions against the proposed amendment of the Bristol 
Channel Pilotage Act, 1S61, which would enable pilots and shipowners 
to sit on the Board. 

Council thanks Mr. B. S. Marks for his gift of the portrait of 
Lord Aberdare, to be placed in the Town Hall. 

Mr. Cochrane, Museum Curator. 

Resolved, by the Museum Sub-Committee, that the thanks of this 
Committee be given to Mr. Stanislas Bonfils, Curator of the Museum 
of Mentone, Corresponding Member of the Academic Society of 
Cherbourg, of the Archgeological Society of the Tarn et Garonne, 
of the Historical Society of Rhode Island, &c., for the interest he has 
taken in the progress of the Museum in this town, for the collection 
of specimens illustrating the evidence which exists of the occupation 
of the caves of Bausse Rousse by men of the Palaeolithic age, and for 
various fossils from the neighbourhood of Mentone, which he has 
forwarded by Mr. T. H. Thomas,^ for deposition in the Museum. 

The old Borough Offices are to be used for the Waterworks 
Department. 

1880 March 8 Monday. 

Head Constable is to suppress the practice of leaving market- 
carts in front of the Masons' Arms inn. Queen Street. 

Library Sub-Committee resolve that their thanks be given to Mr. 
J. G. Godwin, the Marquess of Bute's librarian, for two volumes of 
" Passages in Church History " presented by him to the Library. 

The thanks of the Museum Sub-Committee are accorded to Mr. 
T. H. Thomas for many valuable objects from Cwmffrwd, Merthyr ; 
and to Mr. Hern for his donation of an armadillo. 

Letter to the Waterworks Committee from Captain Montgomeiy, 
of the 41st Regiment,'- asking for permission to fish in the Lisvane 
Reservoir. 

Resolved, that fishing in the reservoir must be by ticket obtained 
of the Town Clerk for the sum of 2s. 6d. 

1880 April 12 Monday. 

Mr. John Evans, of Pengam Farm, is to be required to show by 
what right he slaughters sheep on his own premises. 

' Mr. Thomas Henry Tliomas (■' Arlunydd Penygarn"), of Cardifl'. 

- Now the Welsh Regiment, having its Depot at Maendy Barracks, Cardiff. 



50 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

A Catalogue of the books in the Library is to be printed and 
published. 

1880 May 10 Monday. 

The question as to lighting the streets with electric light was 
referred to the Lighting Committee. 

Joseph Monk appointed Mace Bearer, in the place of William 
Roberts deceased. 

Negotiations are pending with Lord Bute as to the purchase of a 
site for the proposed new Infirmary at the corner of Newport Road 
and Longcross Street. 

Borough Engineer to prepare an alphabetical list of streets 
within the Borough, in a book to be called the Street Register. 

Mr. F. Webber, the Postmaster, shall be permitted to erect a 
pillar letter-box in Richmond Road, facing Northcote Street. 

Veterinary Inspector having reported a case of hydrophobia 
among the hounds at Roath Court : Resolved, that the Mayor's 
attention be called to the matter. 

Lighting Sub-Committee appointed to consider the questions of 
electric lighting and of the Corporation's manufacturing their own 
gas 

Mr. John Ballinger, Assistant Librarian, has received the 
appointment of Chief Librarian at Doncaster. 

Mr. J. H. Lucas, late Science Teacher, has received an appoint- 
ment in Chili. 

Tenders were received for taking down Zion Chapel and other 
buildings on the site of the proposed new Free Library. 

1880 June 14 Monday. 

Report of Deputation to Charity Commissioners ;r Howell's 
Charity : — 

After tracing the history of the Charity, Mr. Duncan pointed out 
the serious mal-administration of the revenue by the Trustees, the 
Drapers' Company, and discussed the several clauses of the Memorial 
presented by the Corporation last October. The Deputation par- 
ticularly objected to Howell's Charity being conducted as a purely 



COUN'CIL MINUTES, 18S0-1S97. 51 

Church of England institution.' The Commissioners promised their 
most careful consideration of the points brought to their notice. 

The Council sanctions the Town Clerk's appointment as 
Secretary to Howell's Cliarit}', for a period of twelve months. 

Borough Engineer reports that the VVedal, Fairoak and Coed-y- 
gurnos bridges, on the Borough boundary, are much out of repair. 

140 persons visited the Museum in 10 days. 

Mayor is desired to make arrangements for the Corporation to 
visit the Merthyr Tydfil Fine Art Exhibition, according to invitation. 

18S0 July 12. 

Mr. A. C. Crutwell, F.G.S., F.R.H.S., is appointed Curator of 
the Museum ; salary ^60. 

Mr. George Thomas, of the Heath, applies for shooting rights 
over the land leased with Llanishen Mill. 

Mr. James Howell declines the Corporation's offer for the 
purchase of Wharton House. 

1880 August 9. 

The roan mare " Bunting" and the roan horse "Nelson " are to 
be sold at Caerphilly Fair, by Councillors Treseder and Evans. Also 
the mare " Darby " and her colt. 

The house at the corner of the Hayes is to be taken down, and 
the land let. 

Lord Bute is to be desired to lay the foundation-stone of the new 
Free Library ; or, if he is unable to do so, the Mayor. 

1S80 October 27 Wednesday. Special. 

A procession was formed in the following order : — 
Head Constable. 
Firemen. 
Police 
Town Crier. 

' The founder being a Welshman long resident in Spain, who died there at the 
end of Henry the Eighth's reign, it might be questioned whether this Charity was 
intended by him for the special benefit of any Protestant communion. Until its 
reorganisation by the Charity Commissioners, it was limited to descendants of the 
founder (in the male or female lines), residing in Glamorgan or Monmouthshire ; and 
genealogical proofs of such descent were required of each applicant for admission. 



53 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Mace Bearers. 

Mayor, accompanied by the 

Town Clerk. 

Aldermen and Councillors. 

School Board. 

Pilotage Board. 

Consuls and Vice Consuls. 

Honorary Members of the 

Free Library Committee. 
Borough Officials. 
Other gentlemen. 
They proceeded to the site of the new Free Library, Museum, 
and Science and Art Schools ; when Alderman Bowen, as Chair- 
man of the Special Free Library Building Committee, requested his 
Worship the Mayor (Mr. John McConnochie) to lay the foundation- 
stone of the new building, which was done. 

It appearing that Mr. John Evans, who has resided at Pengam 
Farm since 1S4.5, has alwa3's been accustomed to slaughter sheep on 
his own premises, and the Farm not having at that time been within 
the jurisdiction of the Roath Local Board of Health, Mr. Evans is 
seen to have a prescriptive right, and the prosecution against him is 
to be withdrawn. 

Mr. Peter Price hands over to the Town Clerk the first Minute 
Book of the Free Library Committee. 

16,388 persons visited the Museum during the year. 
60,000 volumes were issued from the Library — an increase of 
nearly 12,000 on the previous year. 

963 new borrowers have joined the Library. 

The Town Clerk placed in the cavity of the foundation stone of 
the new Free Library copies of the local newspapers and the Times of 
the 27th instant; also a specimen of each coin of the realm for the 
year 1S80, obtained by the Treasurer from the Mint. The following 
is the inscription on the stone: — 

" This Memorial Stone of the Cardiff PVee Library, Museum, 
and Schools for Science and Art, was laid by the 
Worshipful the Mayor of Cardiff, John McConnochie, 
Esq., C.E., J. P., on the 27th day of October, A.D. 
1880." 





COUNCIL I 


\1INUTES, 


18S0-1897. 


) November 9 


Tuesday. 


Present : 


' — 




The May 


or 


(Cliairiiian ). 




Aide. 


rmcii. 




Alexander, 








Elliott, 


Watkins, 








Bowen, 


David, 








Winstone, 


Evans, 








Taylor, 


Jones, 








Lewis. 




a 


'iiiici/Iors. 




McConnochie, 








Enoch, 


Duncan, 








Thomas Evans, 


Cory, 








Lougher, 


John Evans, 








Shackell, 


Yorath, 








Proger, 


Stone, 








Vaughan, 


Thomas, 








Trounce, 


Bird, 








Newbery, 


Treseder, 








Beavan, 


Fulton, 








Carey, 


D. E. Jones, 








Henry Jones, 


Jacobs, 








Evan Jones, 


Davies, 








John Evans (Canton), 


David Jones, 








Blessley. 



Rees, 

Councillor Rees Jones elected Mayor ; salary ^300. 

Alderman Daniel Jones appointed Deputy Mayor. 

Thomas Davies and Joseph Monk, appointed Serjeants-at-Mace. 

William Cox appointed Town Crier. 

David Davies appointed Inspector and Collector of Market Tolls. 

A letter was read from Mr. G. E. Robinson, asking for permission 
to inspect certain records belonging to the Corporation. 

Resolved, upon the motion of Alderman David, seconded by 
Alderman Taylor, that the application be granted upon the under- 
standing that the documents are not taken awaj- from the Town 
Clerk's Office. 

Constables on night duty are to be supplied with coffee during 
the severe weather. 



54 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Council accepts the offer of Mr. B. S. Marks, to paint a portrait 
of Mr. Peter Price, to be hung up in tiie new Free Library. 

The question of providing Reading Rooms for outlying districts 
is referred to the Library Committee. 

1880 November 29. 

The Town Clerk having informed the Property and Markets 
Committee that the appointment of a Water Bailiff rested with the 
Council : Resolved, That the Council be recommended to appoint a 
suitable person as Water Bailiff in the place of the late David Morse. 

General Purposes Committee resolve that in future the several 
offices of the Corporation shall be closed at one o'clock on Saturday 
afternoons, instead of Wednesday.' 

Also that Mr. G. K. Robinson be allowed to examine the Charters 
of the Corporation at his residence. 

Also that the following gentlemen be appointed a Sub-Committee 
to obtain possession of all Records and Charters which are not in the 
possession of the Corporation : — The Mayor; Aldermen Uavid Evans, 
Jones, Winstone, Taylor ; Councillors Duncan, Bird, Fulton. 

1880 December 13. 

General District Rate 15. 4^/. in the ,/". 

Borough Engineer reported that the portion of the Old Town 
Wall adjoining the canal and on the north side of Queen Street, was 
exchanged for the frontage of the old Unicorn Inn, which projected 
eight feet beyond the street line ; and that the Corporation have no 
other property at that point, between the site of the old wall and the 
Canal, except a short piece (11 feet) of the wall forming a continua- 
tion of the street-line eastward of the new premises of Messrs. Hern, 
drapers. 

The Contagious Diseases (Animals) Act Committee having found 
the Council Chamber occupied by the Royal Commissioners on Educa- 
tion, and the Grand Jury Room also occupied, thus inconveniencing 
them in holding their meeting : Resolved, That the Town Clerk be 
instructed to inform this Committee in proper time when the Council 
Chamber is so occupied, and that the Council be desired to authorise 

'At lliis time Wednesday was the weekly- half-liuliday at Cardili'. 



COUN'CIL MINUTES, 1880-1S97. 55 

the Property and Markets Committee to provide a room in the Town 
Hall for Committees meeting under similar circumstances. 

1 88 1 January 10. 

Resolved unanimously, that this Council desires to record its 
high appreciation of the munificent gift made by Lord Bute to the 
Corporation for the purpose of widening the roadway adjoining the 
Cardiff Arms Hotel. 

(Francis Matthews was the last landlord of the Cardiff Arms.) 

1881 January 28. Special. 

Address to Major-General Sir Frederick Roberts, V.C., G.C.B., 
welcoming him on the occasion of his visit to the Borough, and 
congratulating him on the success of his Afghan campaign, which 
included the great march from Cabul to Candahar. 

The Mayor presented the address to General Roberts, who 
replied thereto in a suitable manner. 

The Mayor and Corporation and the invited guests, numbering 
about 200 persons, afterwards lunched together in the Assembly 
Room. 

1 88 1 February 14. 

Watch Committee resolve that in future all officers recommended 
for promotion in the Police force be brought before them. 

Also that the Head Constable be instructed to retain, out of 
moneys found on prisoners, such an amount as will defray the cost of 
their keep while in the Police Station, if he can legally do so. 

Property and Markets Committee accept the offer of Mr. J. T. 
Handy, M.R.C.V.S , to pay a rent of ^36 per annum for the premises 
lately known as the Golden Lion inn, Wharton Street. 

1 88 1 March 22. 

Thomas Thomas, Water Bailiff, is to superintend the removal of 
the wreck "Jeune Emile "' from the Penarth Roads. 

All the streets within the Borough have been provided with 
name-plates. New trees have been planted in Newport Road, 
Wordsworth Street &c., to replace dead ones. 

Councillor McConnochie has been elected an Alderman, in the 
place of Alderman Bowen deceased. 



56 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1881 April 1 1. 

Memorial to the Rt. Hon. Henry Fawcett, M.P., Postmaster 
General, praying for improved accommodation at the Cardiff Post 
Office, which has not been enlarged since 1S70. 

1 88 1 May 9. 

Resolved that the best thanks of this Council be given to James 
Ware, esq., J. P., for his munificent offer of stained glass to fill four of 
the wmdows in the Reference Department of the Free Library, 
Museum &c. now being erected at Cardiff, as well as for his other 
efforts to advance the welfare of that institution. 

Aldermen Evans and Elliott, with Councillor Fulton and Mr. G. 
A. Edwards, were similarly thanked for their gifts of stained glass 
windows for the entrance corridor of the Free Library &:c. 

18S1 June 28. 

To the Most Honourable John Patrick Crichton Stuart, Marquis 
of Bute, Earl of Windsor, Baron Cardiff of Cardiff Castle, &c. &c. 

We the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of the Borough of 
Cardiff in the County of Glamorgan, in Council assembled, desire to 
offer to your Lordship and your noble Lady our most sincere and 
hearty congratulations on the auspicious occasion of the birth of a son' 
and heir to the ancient and noble house of Bute. We trust that her 
Ladyship the Marchioness may speedily be restored to health and 
strength, and that your Lordship and Lady Bute may, under Divine 
Providence, enjoy many years of uninterrupted happiness and find an 
ever-increasing source of pride and comfort in your infant son ; who 
we earnestly pray may be spared to enjoy the high position which, in 
the fulness of time, he will be called upon to assume. And we 
cherish the hope that the strong community of interest which has 
ever existed between the inhabitants of the Borough of Cardiff and 
your predecessors, no less than yourself, may extend unimpaired to 
your infant son. 

Given under our Common Seal this 2Sth day of June 1881. 



'John, who succeeded his lather as 4th Marquess. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1897. 57 

1881 July II. 

Letter received from the Marquess of Bute : — 

Chisvvick House, Chiswick. 
July 8th. I 88 1. 
Dear Mr. Mayor, 

I beg to acknowledge with many thanks the address which you 
have been so good as to send to me ; and to offer to yourself, to those 
who were present with you in the Council on the 28th ultimo, and to 
all those in Cardiff who are so kind as to wish me well, the expression 
of my sincere appreciation of their congratulation and friendly feeling 
towards my family. Little need I say that I participate in the hope 
that the community of interests of which you speak and which exists 
between the people of Cardiff and myself may, if my son be spared to 
inherit it, be both to his and their advantage. I remain. Dear Mr. 
Mayor, faithfully yours. 

Bute. 

Resolved that the Public Works Committee be requested to con- 
sider the right of the Taff Vale Railway Co. to close the footpath 
leading from Blackweir to Crwys Road, and the entrance into and out 
of the field leading from the Grange Farmhouse to the Crwys Road ; 
and also to enquire into the cause of the stopping up of the footpath 
near the Maindy Bridge. 

Letter from Mr. Daniel Gooch, Chairman of the Great Western 
Railway Co., to Mr. H. Hussey Vivian, M.P. The Directors regret 
their inability to comply with the Memorial of the inhabitants of 
Cardiff, Swansea and Newport praying for an accelerated train-service 
between South Wales and London. The average number of South 
Wales passengers between Paddington and the three Welsh towns is 
only twelve per train per diem, and therefore insufficient to warrant 
the alterations required. 

Burial Board resolve that their Clerk be empowered to pass 
tombstone inscriptions — excepting any of an unusual character, which 
must be laid before the Committee. 

Veterinary Inspector reported an outbreak of swine-fever at 
Mrs. Evans', Dean Farm, Roath, and at Mr. T. L. Evans', Crwys Farm. 



SS CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Mr. John Storrie' is appointed Museum Curator. 
The Museum is to be closed during the Fine Art and Industrial 
Exhibition held at the Drill Hall. 

1 88 I Augusts. 

Council agree to the extension of Bank-holiday arrangements to 
the Post Office. 

Consulate of the United States of America, 
Cardiff, July 14th, 18S1. 
Rees Jones, Esq., Mayor. 

Dear Sir, 

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your much 
esteemed communication of the 12th instant, enclosing the Resolution 
of sympathy touching the recent brutal assault of an assassin upon the 
President of the United States. I beg to express my profound 
gratification at this expression of good feeling towards our President 
and people from the municipal representatives of the people of Cardiff, 
and to inform you that the resolution will be at once transmitted to 
the Hon. James G. Blaine, our Secretary of State, by whom it will be 
communicated to General Garfield and his family, together with the 
expression of your own personal sympathy and hope for the President's 
early restoration to health. The information which reaches me from 
private sources is of the most encouraging character in this regard, 
and there is every reason to believe that the President will escape the 
evil intended for him by his foolish and wicked assailant. I have the 
honour to be. Dear Sir, with great esteem. Yours faithfully. 

Wirt Sikes," 

Consul. 

A letter was read from the officiating priest at the Cemetery, 
making application on behalf of the Roman Catholics of the Town for 
an enlargement of their Chapel at the Cemetery. Resolved, that the 
Chairman, and Councillors Davies and Carey, with the Borough 
Surveyor, inspect the building and report upon the subject. 

'A Scotsman, a self-educated, eccentric, and learned scientist — a genius, in fact, 
of whom Cardiff will one day be proud. 

^Author of " British Goblins " and " Old South Wales." 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 59 

1S81 September 12. 

Watch Committee met for the purpose of taking into consideration 
the Sunday Closing (Wales) Act. 

Moved by Councillor Carey, seconded by Councillor Treseder, 
That the Head Constable be instructed to take two or three test cases 
against the publicans for opening their public houses on Sundays in 
contravention of the Welsh Sunday Closing Act 

Moved by way of an amendment by Alderman Taylor, seconded 
by Councillor Blessley, That the police be instructed to take no action 
until 10 October next 

The amendment was carried by iS votes to 5, and became the 
substantive motion. 

Moved by Councillor Duncan, by wa}' of further amendment, 
seconded by Alderman Lewis, That this Committee declines to give 
any instructions to the police until Sec. 3 of the Act be interpreted by 
some competent authority. 

The amendment was carried by 19 votes to 4. 

Resolved, on division, That the 'I'own Clerk do not express any 
opmion as to the interpretation of the 3rd clause of the Act. 

At a subsequent meetmg of the Watch Committee a letter from 
Councillor Beavan was read, enclosing the copy of a resolution passed 
at a meeting of ratepayers held in the Circus, Cardiff, on the 17th 
September : — 

'• That this Meeting expresses regret at the course adopted by 
the Watch Committee at their special meeting on Monday last ; and 
regarding them, as they do, the authoritative body to enforce Acts of 
Parliament afTecting the Borough, urges upon them the necessity of 
rescinding the resolution passed at the said meeting, and of giving 
immediate effect to the Welsh Sunday Closing Bill, which was clearly 
intended by Parliament to come into immediate operation, for the 
town of Cardiff; and that a copy of this Resolution be forwarded to 
his Worship the Mayor and to the Town Clerk." 

Councillor Carev submitted the following Resolution passed at a 
meeting of the Committee uf the Cardiff Licensed Victuallers' 
Association, 20 September : — 

" The meeting was called to consider the proceedings of the 
Blue Ribbon party in reference to the resolution of tlic Watch 
Committee as to Sunday Closing in Wales. 



Co CARDIFF RECORDS. 

" Resolved unanimously That this meeting, having confidence 
in the Watch Committee of the Cardiff Corporation, that they are not 
likely to stultify themselves by rescinding a resolution so lately 
passed by an overwhelming majority, leave the matter in their hands 
and take no action for the present." 

Moved by Councillor Bird, seconded by Councillor Beavan, 
That the resolution passed at the last meeting of the Watch 
Committee be rescinded ; and that, as it is desirable to have an 
expression of opinion on the part of those entrusted with the 
administration of the law in Cardiff, and also in view of the decision 
at Neath, this Committee do not further hinder the Law relating to 
Sunday Closing. 

After considerable discussion, the motion was withdrawn. 

At a meeting of the Free Library and Museum Committee, 
Dr. Vachell called attention to a paragraph in the H'estcni Mail, 
stating that the Committee had accepted a copy of the " Intellectual 
Repository and New Jerusalem Magazine," which the Committee 
denied. The Chief Librarian was instructed to decline offers of 
distinctively sectarian periodicals. 

iSSi October lo. 

The Mayor reported that Sir Edward James Reed, K.C.B., M.P., 
had presented to the Corporation a valuable oil-painting by Vicat 
Cole, R.A., entitled " Noon on the .Surrej' Hills." 

Mr. B. S. Marks presented to the Corporation a picture painted 
by him, entitled " Tlie Board School Children," to be placed in the 
new Art Gallery of the Free Library and Museum. 

;^3O0O paid to the School Board. 

Sub-Committee reported on the negotiations between the 
Corporation and Lord Bute for the purchase or lease of the Bute 
Docks. The Marquess' representatives had come to the conclusion to 
advise his Lordship to retain all his dock property in his own control; 
but Lord Bute was himself prepared to provide a new Dock, in order 
to give the additional accommodation rendered necessary by the 
increase in the tonnage of the Port. 

Dr. Paine retired from practice and resigned the post of Police 
Surgeon. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 61 

Resolved : That the Water Bailiff be instructed to have the 
"Embriaco," now lying a wreck on Penarth Beach, properly fastened 
so as to prevent her drifting ; and that the Town Clerk be desired to 
communicate with the Agent of Lord Windsor, asking whether he is in 
a position to give notice to the owners of the vessel to properly secure 
her. (The wrecked barque was subsequently broken up on the 
beach.) 

At the next meeting of the Property and Markets Committee the 
Town Clerk stated that Mr. R. Forrest, Lord Windsor's Agent, had 
written in reply that, though Lord Windsor was the owner of the 
foreshore at Penarth, having purchased the same from the Crown, he 
did not know that his right of ownership would go so far as to give 
the notice above referred to. 

Public Works Committee resolved that Baker's Row, down to 
the Royal Arcade and across the same into the Tabernacle Chapel 
yard, be put into repair under the direction of the Borough Engineer, 
and that steps be taken to maintain the right of way from Baker's Row 
into the Arcade. 

Councillor Bird presented to the Corporation trees to be planted 
in Newport Road. 

A Report on public Improvements refers to the "site of the old 
Whitehouse bridge," on the Cowbridge Road. 

The Newport Road was now being improved by the construction 
of a footpath on its northern side from the Roath Brook to the river 
Rhymne}', in such a way that it might form a part of the road when 
the time arrived for the road to be widened and raised above the level 
of the highest spring tides. 

tSSi November 2. Special. 

Science and Art Schools Committee pass a vote of thanks to the 
Town Clerk (Mr. j. L. Wheatley), "who has so efficiently managed the 
numerous examinations; a work to which he devoted much time, both 
in arranging and conducting. In addition to this he has placed his 
collection of works of art at the service of the students, who greatly 
appreciate the privilege of being able to copy them." Mr. Wheatley 
had also contributed prizes. 

The Free Library Committee applied for ;^ 1,01 7 8. 9. and 
interest, realized at the Fine Art and Industrial Exhibition held at 



62 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Cardifi' in 1870, for the purpose of erecting a new Free Library, 
Museum, and Schools for Science and Art. 

A considerable sum has been realized by the Fine Art and 
Industrial Exhibition held in the Drill Hall during August and Sep- 
tember 1 88 1, for the artistic furnishing and decoration of the New 
building. 

Water Works Report shows that the Llanishen Reservoir is 
supplied by the following streams : — Llanishen Brook, Nant Mawi", 
Nant Draw, Nant Felin, Nant Dulas. 

Cardiff Council Minutes, 1881-1882. 



1 88 1 November 9 


Wednesday. 


Pre 


sent :- 


- 


The 


Mayor 


(Councillor 


Rees 


Jones). 






Aide 


rnicn. 






Watkins, 










Taylor, 


Evans, 










Lewis, 


Jones, 










McConnochie 


Elliott, 
















Coitiictllois 






Duncan, 










Lougher, 


Cory, 










Proger, 


Stone, 










Vaughan, 


Yorath, 










Trounce, 


Thomas, 










Beavan, 


Bird, 










Carey, 


Treseder, 










Henry Jones, 


Fulton, 










Evan Jones, 


David Edgar Jones, 








John Evans, 


Jacobs, 










Blessley, 


Enoch, 










Johnston, 


David Jones, 










Waring, 


Rees, 










Morgan, 


Thomas Evans, 










Trayes. 



Councillor Alfred Thom 
Alderman Daniel Jones 



as elected Mayor ; salary ,^'300. 
appointed Deputy Mayor. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-iSgy. 63 

Thomas Davies and Joseph Monk appointed Sergeants-at-Mace ; 
salary £j. 105. each and a suit of clothes. They are "to deliver 
notices and letters to the Aldermen and Councillors, when required 
by the Town Clerk, and attend the Mayor and Corporation upon all 
public occasions." 

William Cox appointed Town Crier (by resolution of the Council). 

David Davies, Inspector and Collector of Market Tolls ; salary 
305. per week. 

Resolved that, in addition to the Quarterly Meetings, a Special 
Meeting of Council be held on the second Monday in every month, at 
eleven o'clock in the forenoon. 

Grant of icf. in the ^ to the Free Library, based on the net 
amount of rates collected for the previous year. 

The Borough Engineer was instructed to obtain estimates for a 
bell for the Roman Catholic Chapel at the Cemetery. 

Mr. F. Wotton received a prize of 30s., offered by the late 
Curator, Mr. Crutwell, for the best collection of British land and 
fresh-water shells. 

The present Museum Curator, Mr. John Storrie, is to receive an 
annual salary of ^60, rising by degrees to ^100, and to devote his 
whole time to the duties of his office. 

1881 December i 2. 

Moved by Councillor Henry Jones, in pursuance of motion 
previously given, and seconded by Councillor Rees Jones, and 
resolved, that, inasmuch as the Royal Education Commission recom- 
mended a College for Glamorganshire in connection with the 
proposed University College for South Wales, it is advisable that 
the Corporation take immediate steps to secure same for the 
Borough of Cardiff, and that a Special Committee be appointed for 
that purpose. 

The Whitchurch Brook is to be utilised to supply Whitchurch, 
Gabalfa, Llandaflf and Cardiff with water, under a scheme reported on 
by the Water Engineer. 

Dr. Thomas Wallace is appointed Police Surgeon ; salary /30. 

Mr. J. Woosey, Superintendent of the Scavenging Department, 
is authorised to fill up the ditch in the Cardiff Arms Park, with slurry, 
as requested in his report. 



64 CAR[MFF KFXORDS. 

The Mayor informed the General Purposes Committee that 
William Menelaus, esq., of Dowlais, had generously offered to present 
to the Corporation of Cardiff a number of valuable works of art, to 
the value of ^io,ooo, to be placed in the Fine Art Gallery of the new 
Free Library. 

The Mayor is desired to convene a meeting of the nobility and 
gentry of South Wales and Monmouthshire, to consider means to 
secure the erection at Cardiff of the University College. 

The foUowmg gentlemen were desired to act with the University 
College Committee : — 

The Most Hon. the Marquis of Bute, K.T. 

Right Hon. Lord Aberdare. 

Right Hon. Lord Tredegar. 

Right Hon. Lord Windsor. 

Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Llandaff. 

Right Rev. the Bishop of Newport and Menevia. 

Sir E. J. Reed, K.C.B., M.P. 

E. H. Carbutt, Esq., M.P. 

Very Rev. Dean Vaughan. 

Rev. J. Buckley. 

Rev. Vincent Saulez. 

Rev. C. J. Thompson. 

Rev. John Griffiths. 

Rev. G. A. Jones. 

Rev. C. A. Smythies. 

Rev. A. J. H. Russell 

Rev. W. C. Bruce. 

Rev. Cynddylan Jones. 

Rev. Joseph Waite. 

Rev. A. Tilly. 

Rev. N. Thomas. 

Rev. W. E. Winks. 

The Mackintosh. 

The Ma^^or of Newport. 

The Town Clerk of Newport. 

R. O. Jones, Esq. 

J. S. Corbett, Esq. 







mm 






■IJ 



I- 






\^ 



wp% 







MVi 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880- 1S97. 65 

Jonas Watson, Esq. 

G. W. G. Thomas, Esq., of the Heath. 

J. R. Homfraj', Esq., Penlline Castle. 

W. Menelaus, Esq., Dowlais. 

W. T. Lewis, Esq., Mardy. 

C. H. Wilhams, Esq., Roath Court. 

F. E. Stacc}', Esq. 
Cyril Stace}', Esq. 

G. C. Williams, Esq., Lanrumney. 
R. Forrest, Esq. 

Lewis Williams, Esq. 

Daniel Ow'en, Esq. 

J. Batchelor, Esq. 

Colonel Tynte. 

J. A. Le Boulanger, Esq. 

F. Primavesi, Esq. 

John Duncan, Esq. 

W. Sanders, Esq. 

F. Sonly Johnstone, Esq. 

H. Lascelles Carr, Esq. 

Dr. Edwards. 

James Ware, Esq. 

Professor Harper, Oxford. 

1S82 January 9 Monday. 

A very large number of names of prominent inhabitants of 
East Glamorgan and West Monmouthshire were added to the Univei- 
sity College Committee, including the following: — 

John Cory, Esq., Vaindre Hall, near Cardiff. 

Lewis Davies, Esq., P'erndale. 

David Davies, Esq., Blaengwawr, Abernant. 

John Nixon, Esq., Westbourne Terrace, Cardiff. 

A. Dalziel, Esq., Bute Docks, Cardiff. 

C. R. M. Talbot, Esq., M.P., Margam. 

H. Hussey Vivian, Esq., M.P., Swansea. 

Count Lucovich, Penhill, Llandaff. 

Gwilym Williams, Esq., B.L., Miskyn Manor. 

J. P. Thompson, Esq., Redlands, Penarth. 



66 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

G. T. Clark, Esq., Tal-y-garn, Dowlais. 

J. H. Insole, Esq., Ely Court, Llandaff. 

W. G. Cartwright, Esq., Newport. 

Charles H.James, Esq., M.P., Merthyr Tydfil. 

Crawshaw Bailey, Esq., Maindiff Hall, Abergavenny. 

R. W. Williams, Esq., Roath Road, Cardiff. 

J. Colquhoun, Esq , Iron Works, Tredegar. 

L. V. Shirley, Esq., Roath. 

Clement Waldron, Esq., Llandaff. 

Louis Gueret, Esq., Roath Road, Cardiff. 

Henri Gueret, Esq., Llanishen. 

Arthur E. Guest, Esq. 

The Earl of Dunraven. 

Rev. J. T. Waddy, Canton. 

Archdeacon Griffiths, Llandaff. 

Captain Herbert, Clytha Park, Pontypool. 

Rev. Dominic Cavalli, Newport. 

Dr. Nicholl Carne, St. Donat's, Cowbridge. 

Colonel Turberville, Ewenny Priory. 

Colonel Hill, Llandaff. 

Colonel Page, Llandaff. 

Sir George Elliott, M.P., Bellevue, Newport. 

F. G. Mitchell, Esq., Llanfrechfa Grange. 

Charles Lyne, Esq., J. P., Brynhyfryd, Newport. 

J. A. Lyne, Esq., Newport. 

Sir George Walker, Newport. 

John Gunn, Esq , Newport Road, Cardiff. 

Dr. Wallace, Crockherbtown, Cardiff. 

Judge Herbert, Hay. 

Judge Falconer, Usk. 

Lady Llanover, Llanover Park, Abergavenny. 

J. A. Herbert, Esq., Llanarth, Raglan. 

Louis Tylor, Esq., Cathedral Road, Cardiff. 
A letter from Mr. W. T. Lewis informed the Committee that the 
Marquis of Bute would contribute _;/■ 10,000 towards the ^"50,000 to 
be raised for the University at Cardiff. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1S97. 67 

1S82 February 13. 

Council petitioned Parliament in favour of the Bute Docks Bill 
1S82. 

Council memorialised the Charity Commissioners, praying them 
to institute enquiries as to the sum of _2/"i,oi7. S. 9., balance of pro- 
ceeds of the Cardiff Fine Art and Industrial Exhibition 1S70, which 
sum was to be paid towards the erection of a Free Library 6v:c. at 
Cardiff, and which the Corporation claimed should be paid towards the 
expenses of the Free Library &c. then in course of erection by the 
Corporation. 

Mr. Forrest wrote announcing Lord Windsor's intention to 
subscribe ^1,000 towards the fund for the Cardiff University College. 

1SS2 March 13. 

The Council instructed the Mayor to forward to Sir H. F. 
Ponsonby, K.C.B., Her Majesty's Private Secretary, a Resolution 
expressing their indignation at the recent detestable attempt upon the 
life of the Queen. 

His Honour Judge Falconer presents 1,000 volumes to the 
library. 

1SS2 April 6. 

Mr. W. T. Lewis offers to present the Corporation with a marble 
bust of the late Mr. Menelaus, to be placed in the Free Library. Mr. 
Lewis' gift is accepted with thanks. 

The old King's Castle public house is to be pulled down in the 
summer. 

18S2 May 8. 

Resolution of the Council's indignation at and abhorrence ot the 
atrocious crime committed against the Government of the United 
Kingdom by the assassination of Lord PVederick Charles Cavendish, 
the newly appointed Chief Secretary, and Mr. Thomas Henry Burke, 
the Under Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

Council thankfully accepts the gift of stained glass to the value 
of ^100, offered for the Free Library by the Cardiff P'oresters. 

Messrs. Spiller and Co. are allowed to present £21 to Superin- 
tendent Hemingway, in recognition of his services in connection with 
the disastrous fire at their works. 



lection 



68 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Town Clerk is instructed to prosecute several persons who have 
refused to paj- street hawking tolls. 

Town Clerk is instructed to sec his predecessor, Mr. Salmon, 
with reference to certain costs incurred four ^-ears ago in conni 
with the new road from Canton to Grange Farm. 

Order of Procession to be foHozvcd o;i the occasion 
of the opening of the ne:v Free Library, Mnseiiin &r. 

Police 
Fire Brigade 
j Band of the 2nd Detachment, 2nd 
^Glamorgan Rifle Volunteers 
(Architects, Contractor and 
'Chairman of Building Committee 
Press Reporters 
Four Mace Bearers 
(Mayor, Town Clerk. Chairman of Free 
( Librar}- Committee 

Sir E. J. Reed, Very Rev. the Dean 

Mayors and l~own Clerks of Boroughs 

Aldermen 

Councillors 

Hon. Members of Library Committee 

Corporation Officials 

Donors to the building fund 

Executive Committee of iSSi Exhibition 

Borough Magistrates 

Consuls and Vice-Consuls 

Clergy and ministers 

Guests 

Members of Cardiff School Board 

Representatives of Chamber of Commerce 

,, Law Society 

,, Medical Society 

,, Naturalists' Society 

Editors of local papers. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. 69 

The procession will leave the Council Chamber at 11 a.m. and 
proceed b^- way of Quay Street to the Cardiff Arms Park, and join 
the procession of the various trade and benefit societies. The whole 
procession will then pass through Angel Street, Duke Street, 
Crockherbtown, Newport Road, Glossop Terrace, Moira Terrace, 
Adam Street, Bute Terrace, Custom House Street, Saint Mary Street, 
Church Street, Trinity Street. 

The Mayor will be presented with a gold medal commemorative 
of the event. 

1S82 July 12. 

District rate is. 2il in the £. 

Lord Bute's representatives decline to comply with the wishes of 
the Council by eliminating certain Labour Clauses from the Bute 
Docks Bill 1 882. 

Waterworks Committee recommend the Council to construct a 
new reservoir at Llanishen, and filter-beds near the Heath, the 
Reservoir to contain 300 million gallons, as the first step towards 
providing a complete water-supply for the Borough. 

Burial Board decline to comply with the desire of the Vestry of 
Saint Mary's Parish by taking upon themselves the repairs and care 
of the Old Cemetery. 

One day's pay is to be allowed extra to each member of the 
Police, as a recognition of their duties performed during the holding 
of the Bath and West of England Agricultural Show at Cardiff in 
Whit week. 

1882 July 10. 

Resolved, upon the motion of Councillor Bird, seconded by 
Councillor Enoch, That the representatives of the Roatli Ward be 
appointed a deputation to wait upon Lord Tredegar with the view of 
trying to make some arrangement with him whereby a public park 
may be secured for that part of the Borough. 

Resolved, upon the motion of Councillor Sanders, seconded by 
Councillor Bird, That, considering the serious aspect of affairs arising 
from the proposition to promote Docks outside the boundaries of the 
Borough of Cardiff,' a representation be made to the various com- 

'/.('., at Barry. 



70 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

mercial and dock interests, asking them to meet together to discuss 
the possibihty of forming a Harbour Trust for tiie Port of Cardiff, 
which shall include all parties interested, and which shall be purely a 
commercial body. 

1SS2 September i i. 

The Town Clerk declined to give information to the V^icar of 
Saint John's respecting the date of the sale by the Marquis of Bute to 
the Corporation of the Vicarage Garden in Working Street. The 
Vicar contended that the Marquis had no proper title to the land in 
question. 

The Cabmen's shelters at the Bute Docks, and at Gaol Lane, 
Crockherbtown, were presented to the Corporation, to be managed by 
the Cabs Committee. 

The Cymmrodorion Society of London presented to the Cor- 
poration the original model of the statue " Religion," by the late 
Joseph Edwards, to be placed in the Museum. 

1S82 October 9. 

The Watch Committee are to instruct the Head Constable to 
prevent horn-blowing by milk-sellers and others on .Sundays. The 
Town Clerk is to prosecute offenders for Sunday trading. 

A gas-lamp is to be fi.xed near the first brook by Roath Church, 
as the darkness renders access to the new houses in the adjacent 
terrace dangerous by night. 

The Committee of the Exhibition of iSSi have presented to the 
Museum ^lOO worth of Swansea and Nantgarw porcelain, to form the 
nucleus of a collection of local china. 

The Draft Scheme for a University College of South Wales and 
Monmouthshire was submitted to Mr. Mundella, Minister of Public 
Education, by the local Committee. 

St. James' Hotel, London, 

19th October, 1882. 
My Dear Mr. Lewis, 

Will you kindly let the Mayor and Corporation of Cardiff know 
that each and all of the Trustees and myself have given their present 
suggestion the most protracted and anxious consideration ; and that, 
while we recognize the force of manv arguments tending to show that 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1897. 71 

the disposal at some time and to some public body, for an adequate 
price, of a very large part, or even of the whole, of our direct interest 
in the Bute Docks might be advantageous, we do not see our way to 
enter into the negotiation now proposed. Sincerely yours. 

Bute. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1882-1883. 

1882 November 9 Thursday. Present: — 

The Mayor (Chainuaii). 
Aldermen. 



Watkins, 
Evans, 
Jones, 
Elliott, 



Taylor, 
Lewis, 
McConnochie. 



Con)icillors. 

Duncan, H. Jones, 

Yorath, E. Jones, 

Thomas, Evans, 

Bird, Waring, 

Fulton, Morgan, 

D. E. Jones, Trayes, 

Jacobs, Sanders, 

D. Jones, Jackson, 

Proger, R. E. Jones, 

Vaughan, Andrews, 

Trounce, James, 

Beavan, Reynolds. 
Carey, 

Councillor Gaius Augustine Stone elected Mayor; salary ^300. 
Alderman Daniel Lewis, Deputy Mayor. 
Thomas Davies and Joseph Monk, Serjeants at Mace. 
David Davies, Inspector and Collector of Market Tolls. 
^24. 10. 6. was paid to the Marquis of Bute for the privilege 
taking stone, sand and gravel. 



72 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Town Clerk recommends that Mr. F. R. Greenhill, the Financial 
Clerk, should in future be styled the Borough Treasurer, to conform 
with the terms of the Municipal Corporations Act 1882. Also that 
the practice of three members of the Corporation signing each cheque 
be abandoned. 

General Purposes Committee resolve that a room in the Town 
Hall be set apart for a Mayor's Parlour and that furniture be purchased 
for the same. 

Borough Engineer is to obtain estimates for speaking-tubes or 
telephones between the various Departments of the Corporation. 

Mr. Edward A. Bond, Principal Librarian of the British Museum, 
writes that the Cardiff Museum has been placed on the list of those 
which are to receive electrotypes of coins from the British Museum. 

1SS2 December 1 1. 

General District Rate is. 2d. in the £. 

David Vaughan appointed Assistant Inspector of Nuisances. 

Dr. Paine is re-appointed Medical Officer of Health, upon the 
same terms as before. 

Vote of condolence with tiie widow and relatives of the recently- 
deceased Bishop of Llandaff \ Dr. A. OUivant]. The Corporation 
will attend the funeral. 

The Secretar}' of the Great Western Railway Co. writes that the 
Directors will consider the question of a station at Roath at an early 
date. 

Moved by Councillor Henry Jones, seconded by Councillor Cory, 
That inasmuch as a paragraph appeared in the IVcstcni Mail of 
Thursday 21 December 1882, reflecting on the honour and morality 
of the Cardiff Corporation, we instruct the Town Clerk to take 
Counsel's opinion on the same ; and, if there be ground for an action 
for libel, to take legal proceedings against the Western Mail forth- 
with. 

Moved by Councillor R. E. Jones, seconded by Councillor 
Reynolds, by way of amendment, That no notice whatever be taken 
of the paragraph which appeared in the JJ^esirrn Mail of the 21st 
instant, referring to a member of the Corporation. 

The amendment was carried by 16 votes to 7. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 73 

T. Gambler Parry, esq., of Highnam Court, Gloucester, was 
received in the Council Chamber on the 14th December by the Free 
Library Committee, and was by them accompanied to the Assembly 
Room, where he distributed the prizes to students of the Science and 
Art School. 

The Free Library Committee became a member of the Cymmro- 
dorion Society of London. 

The President of the Cardiff Natural Histor}' and Antiquarian 
Society was made c.v officio a member of the Free Library Committee. 

The Town Clerk tendered his resignation of the office of 
Honorary Secretary to the Free Library Committee, and it was 
resolved that their best thanks be given to iVIr. Wheatley for his 
valuable services to the institution during the past three years. 

Mr. D. Dundas Gordon declined the Hon. Secretaryship of the 
Free Library Committee, in consequence of the heavy duties now 
devolving upon him in the Town Clerk's office. 

Town Clerk reported that he had received notices from the 
promoters of the Barry Docks and Railway Company, of their 
intention to apply for parliamentary powers to acquire certain 
property of the Corporation in the parishes of Cogan and Llandough- 
ju.xta-Cardiff. 

Arbitrators are to be selected to decide between Cardiff and 
Swansea as to the site of the South Wales University College. 

1SS3 January S. 

Special Finance Committee. Town Clerk read a confession of 
embezzlement, signed by Morcombe and also implicating Gordon and 
Morgan. 

Resolved, That the Town Clerk take proceedings against 
Morcombe and Gordon, who are detained on the above charge. 

Morcombe's statement :— " As to the Milk and Cowkeepers' 
Licenses, that for about twelve months I have received the money for 
a number of licenses. I have divided the money for fuur with 
Morgan during the last three weeks through me. 1 asked him to take 
the money. He knew what the money was received for. As to 
Drivers' and Conductors' Licenses, I have taken the money for many 
during the last twelve months, and applied it for my own purposes. 
During the last twelve months I have, after orders have been received 



74 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

from the Town Clerk's office, altered the order after Mr. Greenhill 
has si.^ned it, by adding further contracts to be stamped ten shillings 
each. Then I iianded each order to Gordon, who took it to Mr. 
Lewis, the printer, who gave Gordon the money in order that he 
might stamp the contracts. Then Gordon would divide the money 
with me for those I had added to the order. Respecting postage 
stamps, for about the same period we did the same thing, only getting 
the money from D, Owen & Co. We only received a few pounds from 
this source." 

Subsequently Morcombe and Gordon confessed their guilt in the 
Town Clerk's office before the Mayor and Town Clerk. 

The consideration of going on with the prosecution against 
Gordon for forgery was full}' discussed ; and the Committee resolved 
to continue proceedings but, if possible, to obtain a conviction on the 
charge of embezzlement. 

The question of taking proceedings against Morgan was con- 
sidered, and Mr. Hemingway was ordered to arrest him. 

Finance Committee recommended that the hotel expenses to be 
allowed the members of the Council and their officials, for journeys on 
business of the Corporation, be limited to ^i. is. per day. 

Resolved that all postage and adhesive stamps required on behalf 
of the Corporation be perforated. 

Resolved that the Borough Treasurer cause all documents 
requiring to be stamped to be sent to the Inland Revenue Department 
at Cardiff. 

Property and Markets Committee. A letter was read from Mr. 
J. S. Corbett, denying Lord Bute's liability to pay rent for land known 
as the Old Barracks, near the Blind Asylum, Longcross Street, to the 
Corporation, and referring them for payment to the authorities of the 
Cardiff Infirmary. 

Attention was called, at the Cabs Committee, to the fact that 
Mr. Solomon Andrews had recently changed the starting-point of his 
omnibuses, from the junction of Adamsdown Road with Newport 
Road, to the corner of Clifton Street, without having obtained 
permission. 

The Taff Vale Railway Co. are to be asked how they intend to 
deal with the footpath leading from the North Road, near the old 
Militia Barracks, to Cathays. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. 75 

Special Committee re New Dock. The first sod of the New 
Dock was to be cut by the Marquis of Bute on 31 January ; and it was 
suggested that a public demonstration should be made by the 
Corporation and the various Trade and Benefit Societies, to celebrate 
the event, and that the day should be observed as a general holiday. 
This Committee was accordingly formed to carry out the necessary 
arrangements. 

It was arranged that an open-air procession should be formed, to 
attend the openmg of the New Dock, and that the various societies 
should be invited to join in it. The route was fi.xed as follows : — 
From Westgate Street, via Angel Street, High Street, .Saint Mary 
Street, Custoin House Street, Bute Road to the Docks. The Mayor 
proposed that, after the conclusion of the ceremony b_y the Marquis of 
Bute, the procession should re-form and accompany his Lordship back 
to Cardiff Castle and then disperse. Mr. J. Tayleure, of the Circus, 
offered the services of his brass band dressed in uniform, for the 
procession, which was accepted by the Committee with thanks. The 
Oddfellows arranged to provide two bands. 

1SS3 February 12. 

The Mayor is requested to convene a public meeting of the 
burgesses of Cardiff, to discuss the proposed construction of a dock 
at Barry, which a memorial of the Cardiff burgesses has called on the 
Council to oppose. 

J. G. Grover appointed Inspector of Nuisances for the Cardiff 
Urban Sanitary Authority at a yearly salary of ^109, 45 , and for the 
Cardiff Port Sanitary Authority at a salary of ^^^lo per annum. 

The Marquess of Bute ofTers to present to the Free Library a 
copy of the maps and memoirs issued b}' the Palestine E.xploration 
Fund, which offer the Council thankfully accept. 

Council will attend the funeral of the late Mr. William Done 
Bushell. 

Mr. G. F. Hill writes that the promoters of the Barry Dock Bill 
are not likely to withdraw the same on any terms whatever, but that 
he wdl submit, to them the proposals of the Corporation. 



76 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Cai-difi'21 Februar}' 1S83. 
Dear Sir, 

Church Street /muses. 

With respect to the conversation which I had this morning with 
3'ourself and Mr. Alderman Jones, as to the terms upon which the 
above property might be acquired by the Corporation for the purpose 
of public improvement, I beg to inform you that the property is held 
under a lease granted by the Churchwardens and Overseers of the 
United Parishes of Saint John and Saint Mary, Cardiff, to the late 
William Prichard, Esq., for 99 years from 1S24, at the annual ground- 
rent of /"" ; so that there are now 40 years unexpired M^-self and 
co-owners are now in possession of the property, by devolution from 
the original lessee, who was my great-grandfather. It has passed 
through so many hands through deaths and other circumstances, that 
it would be troublesome and costly to set out a legal title on the part 
of the present owner; but I should be prepared to take the respon- 
sibility of granting a lease in my own name, if the Corporation liice to 
accept it, for the remainder of the term at ,-^127 a year, subject to the 
existing tenancy of one of the houses, which I expect to revert to me 
in a few days, as the person in possession is there without my 
consent. It would be easy for the Corporation to acquire the 
freehold by arrangement with the Guardians and the Parish of Saint 
John. I may state that the rent I received from Staniforth, for the 
corner, was ^75, and for the other house ./'50. I am daily receiving 
applications, and could easily re-let at increased rents. It is 
important that a decision should be given at an early date. I am. 
Dear Sir, yours very truly. 

W. P. Stephenson. 

G. A. Stone, Esq., Mayor of Cardift'. 

Resolved That the offer of Mr. Stephenson be accepted. 

G. M. Douglas appointed Collector of Harbour Tolls, in the place 
of G. B. Raggett resigned, 

A long judgment is here inserted, given by County Court Judge 
Selfe in the action of Weaver :-. Cardiff Corporation. It decides the 
Corporation is entitled to charge an extra Water Rate in respect of 
water supplied by them to a fixed bath in a private house, such not 
being a supply of water for domestic use within the meaning of the 
Acts. (This was reversed rm appeal, by the Divisional Court.) 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. 77 

Town Clerk read to the Watch Committee a letter from the 
Cardiff Temperance Association, deprecating the Head Constable's 
statement that Sunday drunkenness had increased, and calling upon 
the Corporation to ascertain the facts, with a view to enforcing the 
Welsh Sunday Closing Act in its entirety. 

Resolved That it be left to the Head Constable to take such 
action in the matter as he from time to time thinks advisable. 

Mr. Alderman Jones stated that ^900 had been named as the 
price of the six feet of land required for setting back the Saint Mary 
Street entrance to Quay Street. 

Cabs Committee resolved that the terminus for all omnibuses on 
the Newport Road be altered from Clifton .Street to I^oath Court. 

Town Clerk reported to the General Purposes Committee as to a 
part of the land upon which the new Infirmary was being built, 
fronting Longcross Street: That by a lease dated 20 June 1S63 the 
Corporation, with the sanction of the Lords of the Treasury, granted 
to Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State, for the War Department, 
a plot of land containing 3 roods 13 perches, for a term of 987 years 
from 22 December 1S56, at a yearly rent of ^S. 4, 2i. ; and a plot 
of land containing 2 roods 30 perches, for 1000 years from 22 
December 1843, at £6. 15. 9^ per annum. The Town Clerk was 
of opinion that the Council have not the power to sell or alienate 
these rents. 

Council petition against the Barry Dock Bill, and point out, 
among other considerations, that the proposed Dock would be within 
the Port of Cardiff, and the Corporation of Cardiff would be deprived 
of their harbour-dues. 

Mr. William Thomas Lewis writes pointing out that, although 
objections had been made to the dues charged at the Bute Docks, the 
Barry Company were proposing to make the same charges at their 
new docks. 

The Council approve a draft memorial to W. T. Lewis, esq., 
representing that the proposed dock at Barry must necessarily 
compromise the future progress of the Town and Port of Cardiff; and 
that the promotion of the Barry Bill has been brought about by the 
dissatisfaction of the freighters with the mode of transacting business 
in the Port of Cardiff. Thej' point out the obvious consequences to 
the revenues of the Marquess of Bute of the success of the Barry 



78 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

scheme, and ask Mr. Lewis to advise Lord Bute tu make timely 
concessions in regard to port rates and charges, which are alleged 
to be excessive and burdensome. 

Mr. E. J. Reed, M.P., writes suggesting certain demands in the 
matter of dock rates and charges, which he tiiinks the Bute authori- 
ties and TafT Vale Railway Co. would be likely to concede. " By 
these means," he concludes, "the present deplorable antagonisms 
would be brought to an end, and Cardiff would start afresh upon her 
career of almost unexampled prosperity." 

Mr. W. T. Lewis writes encouraging the hope that the sugges- 
tions of Mr. Reed may be favourably considered by the parties 
concerned. 

1883 March 12. 

Resolved, on an amendment, that the Council neither oppose nor 
support the Barry Dock and Railway Bill. 

Mr. Robert Davies presented to the Free Library Committee a 
copy of a pamphlet published in 1S34, containing an account of the 
proceedings at the Royal Eisteddfod held at Cardiff that year. 

The Arbitrators (Lord Carlingford, Lord Bramwell and the Rt. 
Hon. A. J. Mundella, M.P.) unanimously award that Cardiff become 
the site of the College intended to be established and endowed in 
South Wales. 

Sir Hussey Vivian contributes /^lOOO towards the College. In 
thanking him, the University College Committee of the Cardiff" 
Corporation assure him that it is their earnest desire that the College 
should be as great a benefit to Swansea and the rest of South Wales 
as they trust it will prove to Cardiff and Monmouthshire. 

Dean Vaughan writes " I am most anxious that tiie kindest 
consideration should be shown to the naturally wounded feelmgs of 
Swansea. It must be our first care now to try and carry with us the 
sympathy and co-operation of South Wales, and particularly of the 
rival town, which has undergone what we must feel to be a trying 
mortification." 

Telegram from Bishop Hedley, in Rome, to the Mayor of 
Cardiff: — "Just seen news about college. Warm congratulations to 
yourself, town, and all concerned." 



COUNCIL MINUTES. 1S80-1S97. 79 

Resolved unanimously, on the motion of the Mayor, seconded by 
Alderman Evans : That the best thanks of this Committee be accorded 
to Mr. J. L. Wheatley, the Town Clerk, for the zeal and efficiency he 
has shown in the discharge of the onerous duties of Honorary 
Secretary to this Committee, and for the valuable assistance he has 
rendered in carrying out their instructions, and particularly in the 
preparation and formulation of the arguments and facts which were 
adduced in support of Cardiff's claims to be the site of the University 
College for South Wales and submitted to the Arbitrators to whom 
the question of site was referred, with so completely successful and 
satisfactory a result. That he be asked to accept the sum of ,/"200 as 
an honorarium for his special services, and to defray the expenses 
he has incurred in connection therewith. (This Resolution was 
engrossed on vellum with the Corporate Seal affixed, and presented 
to Mr, Wheatley.) 

1883 April 9. 

^5,500 to the School Board. 

Head Constable's Report to the Watch Committee shows a 
marked increase in the convictions for drunkenness. " It may appear 
strange to many that drunkenness should increase when the public 
houses and beer-houses are closed, and as the statement which I made 
in reply to a question from a member of your Committee relative to 
the increase of drunkenness on a Sunday has been challenged and 
disputed by a number of persons, it will, I trust, not be out of place 
if I give a few facts as to the cause of the increase. I may add 
that my statement was based upon reports from my inspectors and 
sergeants and from personal observation, and not from the number of 
persons arrested, as a much larger number might have been arrested 
had the police interfered with quiet drunkards. Those shown in the 
return are cases of the worst description and could not be passed 
over. The primary cause of the increase is, that a number of Clubs 
have been established, also illicit trading is carried on to a great 
extent. The County of Monmouth being contiguous to CardiiT, a 
number of people drive out to the country over three miles, to obtain 
drink, and convey drink home with them to finish their carouse in the 
evening. Private drinking of liquor purchased on a Saturday, has 
increased the drinking which previously prevailed. There are 



So CARDIFF RECORDS. 

thirteen Clubs within the Borough (irrespective of the " Count}-," 
"Glamorgan" and "Mercantile"); twelve of these have been estab- 
lished since the Act came into force. The registered number for the 
last quarter is 2,854. The entrance fee or subscription is one 
shilling per quarter, with the exception of one which is two shillings 
and sixpence. In some of the clubs the member is (according to the 
rulesl permitted to take a friend. These clubs do a large trade in the 
sale of liquor during the whole day on Sunday, but little or no 
business during the week. There are therefore many evasions of the 
Act, over which the police can exercise no control. Their duties have 
been considerably increased on a Sunday. The legislature should 
place the Clubs on the same footing as public houses. 

University College Executive Committee elect Lord Aberdare as 
President of the College ; Mr. Henr^' Richard, M.P., Vice-President ; 
Sir Hussey Vivian, bart., Treasurer, together with 36 members of the 
University Council, and approve the 60 nominated Governors. 

18S3 May 7. 

Captain Richard Short, of Tiwarnal, Howard Terrace, CarditT, 
presents to the Town Collection a small marine picture painted by 
himself. 

Letter read from Major-General A. Jenkins respecting a large 
sum of money bequeathed for educational purposes by the late Duke 
of Mantua and Montferrat.' 

A Deputation was appointed to attend a meeting of the Trustees 
of the fund, in London, to support the claims of Cardiff to the benefit 
of the fund. 

Negotiations are pending between the Corporation and Mr. W. 
G. Cartwright, Lord of the Manor of Llandaff, with regard to the 
purchase of the manorial rights in Ely, Leckwith and Canton 
Commons by the Corporation. 

Resolved that Canton Fair be advertised to take place at Whit- 
suntide as usual. 

Town Clerk wrote Mr. Edward David, cattle dealer, St. Mellon's, 
with respect to the cattle-fair" proposed to be held in a field in the 

'This person afterwards pioved to have been an adventurer, and the supposed 
bequest illusory. 

-A last echo of the ancient Llandafl' Fair, 















S^ 



it 
P 









COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. Si 

parish of Llandaff on the following Whit-Monday. The same could 
not be legally held, being contrary to the Llandaff and Canton 
District Market Act, 1S5S. 

1883 June 1 1. 

Dumfries House, Old Cumnock, N.B. 
Sir, — I beg to acknowledge your communication of the 21st 
and to offer my best thanks to all m\' well wishers for their kind 
congratulations upon the birth of my second son.' I am happy to be 
able to say that both my wife and child are very well. I am, Sir, 
your very obedient servant. 

Bute. 
j L. Wheatley, Esq., Town Clerk, Cardiff. 

Town Clerk expresses his willingness that the Corporation should 
take over his staff of assistants together with his obligations to them. 
The following were the staff referred to : — 

Legal a>id Coiivcyaiici)ig Dcpartnioit. 
J. S. Smith, chief clerk. 
T. M. Barlow, articled pupil. 

Municipal Department. 
W. J. Newbery, committee clerk. 
J. Boyce, shorthand clerk. 
W. T. Lee, general clerk. 
Office boy. 
Their salaries amounted to /,'397. 85. 

Resolved That the present arrangement existing between the 
Town Clerk and the Corporation be not disturbed. 

University College Committee recommend the Council to acquire 
the old Infirmary for the College premises ; but the Council resolve 
to enquire as to the possibility of accommodating the students in the 
Free Library buildings. 

Mr. William Harpur, Deputy Borough Engineer and Surveyor, 
was appointed Borough Engineer and Surveyor in succession to 
Mr. J. A. B. Williams ; salary ^400. 



Edwaid Crichtoii Stuait, bom 15 May. 



82 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Resolved Tliat the attention of the Public Works Committee be 
called to the projected new Exchange to be erected in Mount Stuart 
Square. 

Roath Park Committee formed. 

Waterworks Committee considered an application from Mr. P. S. 
Dowson for a water supply to Crwys Farm. 

1S83 July 9. 

;^500 to be added to the Mayor's salary, to meet expenses in 
connection with the Welsh National Eisteddfod to be held at Cardiff 
in August next. 

Head Constable is authorised to engage 30 extra constables, 4 
detective officers, and four horses, for the Eisteddfod week. 

In the event of any case of cholera being imported, the same 
shall be treated at the F^iat Holm or Sully Island. 

Roath Park Committee recommend the purchase of Roath Castle 
and grounds (50 acres) for the purposes of a public park. 

1SS3 August 13. 

Replymg to a deputation of the Council, Lord Bute stated that he 
was not disposed to give the Cardiff Arms Park as a site for the new 
Universit3' College, as he desired to reserve it as an open space for 
recreation purposes ; but that he would be prepared to dispose of a 
site in the Cathedral Road, or a part of the Ten Acre Field facing 
Moira Terrace, Roath. 

Notwithstanding the desire of the College Council to temporarily 
locate the students' classrooms at the old Infirmary, the University 
College Committee advise the Town Council to acquire Queen's 
Chambers for that purpose. (A contrary amendment, was lost. At 
the next meeting the College Council gained their point.) 

Resolved on the motion of Councillor Trounce, seconded by 
Councillor Beavan, That the Town Clerk write to the Manager of 
the Cardiff" Tramway Co., calling his attention to the desirability of 
discontinuing work on the tramway lines on the Lord's Day, and 
suggesting that repairs &c. should be done by night. 

Great Western Railway Co. decline to make a station at Roath. 

1SS3 September 10. 

Mr. F. M. Greenhill appointed Deputy Borough Engineer; salary 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. S3 

Town Clerk is authorised to act on behalf of the College Council, 
to prepare a petition for a Royai Charter to the University College. 

Head Constable's salary increased to ,/^400. 

Amy Timothy, Mason's Arms, to be proceeded against for 
adulterating whiskey. 

Resolved That the question of supplying the Free Library 
Reading Room with secular papers printed in the Welsh language be 
referred to the Library Sub-Committee, to consider and report 
thereon; and that Councillor H. Jones be added to the Sub- 
Committee in the consideration of that matter. 

Vote of thanks to Mr. Murdoch, of Christina Street, for his 
donation to the Museum of a fourteenth-century shield. 

1883 Octobers. 

Councillor David Duncan elected Alderman in the place of 
Alderman David, deceased. 

The following were elected to act on the Court of Governors of 
the College, as representatives of the Corporation : — James Hurman, 
Dr. Andrew Davies, Dr. Thomas Wallace, F. B. de M. Gibbon, 
George Griffiths, William Adams, T. Foster Brown, J. A. Le 
Boulanger, Dr. J. J. Buist. 

Councillor Richard Cory elected Alderman in the place of 
Alderman Evans, deceased. 

Mr. Cook, the Se.xton of .St. Johns, waited upon the Committee 
of the Burial Board respecting a complaint made by the Rev. 
Alexander Roger' at the previous meeting; but Mr. Roger did not 
appear to support his complaint, and, after waiting twenty minutes, 
the matter was dismissed. 

Borough Engineer reports as to the recent inundation of Grange- 
town. On October 17th he found the water standing to the level of 
the tramway along Clive Street, streets and houses below that level 
being under water. In their anxiet}' to let out the water, some of the 
inhabitants cut through the embankment, thereby exposing the town 
to an influx at the next high tide. The Engineer had the Sea Bank 
at once restored, and in 22 hours the water subsided through the 
drains. 

'The Free Church of England minister and a popnl.ir Protestant lecturer. 



84 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

18S3 November 2. 

General District Rate 15. 2d. in the £. 

^4,500 to the School Board. 

Deputation presented to the Council a memorial in favour of the 
formation of a direct thorouglifare between Crockherbtown and Bute 
Terrace, by the tiemolition of two houses and a few sheds which 
intervene between Charles Street and David Street. "The proposed 
improvement would open out the shortest and best route from Roath 
and Crockherbtown to the Docks and Fenarth Road, via Bute Terrace, 
and could not fail to relieve the heavy traffic of Duke Street, Workmg 
Street and the Hayes."' 

Cardiff Council Minutes, 1883-1884. 

1883 November 9 Friday. I'lrseiil : — 

The Mayor (Councillor G. A. Stone), Chairman. 
Aliicrmoi. 



Jones, 




McConnochie, 


Elliott, 




Duncan, 


'Faylor, 




Cory. 


Lewis, 


Councillors. 




Thomas Bird, 




Morgan, 


Fulton, 




Trayes, 


D. E. Jones, 




Sanders, 


Jacobs, 




Jackson, 


D. Jones, 




R. E. Jones, 


Lougher, 




Andrews, 


Proger, 




James, 


Vaughan, 




Reynolds, 


Trounce, 




Watson, 


Beavan, 




Gunn, 


Carey, 




Rees, 


E. Jones, 




Le Boulanger, 


Waring, 




Ramsdale. 



'This improvement was not efTected until igoi. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. 85 

Councillor Robert Bird elected Mayor ; salary /300. 

Councillor G. A. Stone appointed Deputy Mayor. 

Councillor G. A. Stone elected Alderman. 

Thomas Davies and Joseph Monk, Serjeants-at-Mace ; salary 
/lO each and a suit of clothes. 

Joseph Mountstephen, Town Crier ; salary /'5, 

Memorial from the inhabitants of Castle Road prays for an 
improvement to the narrow and dangerous entrance from Castle Road 
into Newport Road, and for the removal of Hemmingway's house on 
the west side of Castle Road, as " an e^'esore and a reproach to all 
living in Castle Road and others passing through it." 

Great Western Railway Co. are to be again urged to provide a 
separate entrance to their down platform at Cardiff Station 

Museum Curator's salary increased to /'150. 

1SS3 December 10. 

Petition of the inhabitants against the proposed new tramway 
along St. Andrew's Crescent, Salisbury Road and VVoodville Road. 

18S4 January 14. 

Vote of sympathy with the relatives of Mr. John Winstone, 
lately deceased, who was formerly an Alderman of tlie Borough. 

Alderman Elliott calls the attention of the Free Library Com- 
mittee to the supposed existence at St. John's Church of an old map 
of Cardiff, which if found would, it is believed, be placed at the 
disposal of the Corporation. 

Town Clerk is authorised to affix the Common Seal to an agree- 
ment with Penry Williams, esq., for the sale and purchase of farms 
at Crewe in the parish of Cantref, and in the parish of Penderyn, in 
the county of Brecon. 

At the request of Mr. John Stuart Corbett, the name of Angel 
Street is to be altered to Castle Street ; but his desire to plant rows 
of lime trees on both sides of the street is not acceded to except as 
to the north side, by the Castle boundary. 

fiealth Committee call the serious attention of the Public Works 
Committee to the deplorable condition of the roads. 

Colonel Barnes, commanding the 41st Regiment, has written the 
Head Constable asking that the Police may be utilised for obtaining 



So CARDIFF RECORDS. 

recruits, and stating that the constables would receive 55. for each 
recruit to the army, and 2s. 6(1 for the militia. The Watch Com- 
mittee declined to sanction the proposal. 

18S4 February' i i 

Cardiff will co-operate with Swansea in endeavouring to obtain 
an improved service of trains on the Great Western Rail\va\' between 
Paddington and South W'ales. 

Letter from Lord Tredegar's solicitors, that his Lordship would 
wish to reserve the sporting rights on tlie reservoirs to be constructed 
in the Taff Vawr Valle}-, and to have power to put a boat thereon. 
Resolved that his wishes be acceded to. 

Minnit's Field bridge, on the TaiT Vale Railvva\', is to be rebuilt. 

The supposed map of Cardiff, at St. John's Church, proves to be 
a view of the town in i 748. 

1S84 March 10. 

_,/'400 added to the Mayor's salary. 

1884. April 7. 

Address of condolence to Her Majesty the Queen, on the death 
of His Royal Highness the Duke of Albany. 

The like to Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Albany. 

_;^6,500 to the School Board. 

Council petition Parliament for the total suppression of the sale 
of intoxicating liquor on Sundays. 

Daniel Jones appointed Water Bailiff, in the place of the late 
Thomas Thomas deceased. Salary ^30. 

William Read appointed Serjeant-at-Mace, in the place of 
Thomas Davies deceased. 

Resolved That the triangular piece of land in the Hayes be 
enclosed and planted as an ornamental garden for the use and recrea- 
tion of the public. 

Resolved That the road leading from Roath Court to the north 
end of Castle Road, which has hitherto been known as the Merthyr 
Road, be in future called Albany Road. 

1S84 May 12. 

Council petition Parliament to legalize marriage with a deceased 
wife's sister. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1897. S7 

I'he members for the Roath Ward are to ascertain whether land 
can be obtained in that district suitable for a public recreation 
ground. 

In consequence of the death by drowning which occurred at the 
Corporation Swimming Baths on 10 May 1SS4, a skilful swimmer 
and diver is appointed to take charge of the Swmiming Baths during 
the summer months, and to teach swimming at a fixed rate of fees to 
be paid to the Baths account. Life-buoys are to be provided. The 
question of closing the Baths on Sundays is referred to the Council 
for decision. 

A new flag is purchased for the Town Hall, at a cost of four 
guineas. 

18S4 June g. 

Borough Engineer submitted plans for a belfry and bell to the 
Catholic chapel at the Cemetery. 

The attention of the Head Constable is called by the Watch 
Committee to the great and increasing prevalence of gambling and 
general lawlessness in various parts of the town, especially on the 
Sabbath. 

Mr. John Ballinger, late Librarian of Doncaster, is appointed 
Chief Librarian of Cardiff, in the place of Mr. Henry AHpass, who 
has accepted the Chief Librarianship of Derby; salary /^i20. 

Borough Engineer is instructed to prepare plans showing the 
manner in which it is proposed to form a public park near Roath 
Church 

1SS4 July 14. 

The Vicar of St. John's has issued a writ against the Corporation 
for recovery of possession of the old Vicarage Garden in Working- 
Street, late glebe land, alleged to have been conveyed to them in 
error by the Marquis of Bute. 

A cholera hospital to be opened on the Flat Holm ; the tenant 
of the farm there to be compensated for loss. 

18S4 August 1 1. 

Burgesses borrowing books from the Free Library shall be 
required to sign a guarantee form and to obtain the additional signa- 



88 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

ture of another Burgess as a guarantor. Non-burgesses shall obtain 
the signatures of two Burgesses as guarantors. 

1884 September 8. 

A tender is selected, by the Property and Markets Committee, 
for the removal of the wreck of the schooner " Tredegar,'" which came 
into collision and sank in the fairway of the channel, a little to the 
westward of the Cefn-y-wrach shoal. 

A letter from Mr. L. V. Shirley, on behalf of the Marquess of 
Bute, informs the Town Clerk that he had instructed Mr. McConnochie 
to remove the wreck. The Corporation are at liberty to remove it 
provided they do so promptly ; but he cannot admit the Corporation 
have any rights in the matter. 

The Town Clerk replied that " the Corporation, who have 
always undertaken the removal of obstructions in the entrance of 
the Cardiff Docks," are removing the wreck with all proper 
dispatch. 

Three cholera patients were taken to the Flat Holm, one of 
whom died there. They were sailors from Marseilles. 



[884 October 



Alcinhcrs of Coiaicil. 
Councillor Robert Bird, Mayor, 
.■lldernioi 



William Alexander, 
William Bradley Watkins, 
Daniel Jones, 
Joseph Elliott, 
William Taylor, 

CojDicilli 
Thomas Vaughan Yorath, 
Alfred Thomas, 
Andrew Fulton, 
David Edgar Jones, 
Thomas Windsor Jacobs, 
David Jones, 
William Sanders, 
I'homas Rces, 



Daniel Lewis, 

John McConnochie, 

Da\'id Duncan, 

Richard Cory, 

Gains Augustine Stone. 



John Evans, 
Thomas Waring, 
Morgan Morgan, 
Valentine Trayes, 
Charles James Jackson, 
Richard Edwin Jones, 
Solomon Andrews, 
Joseph Reynalt James, 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1S97. 89 

Daniel Lloyd Lougher, Thomas Reynolds, 

John Guy Proger, John Gunn, 

William Edmund Vaughan, Dominick McGettrick Watson, 

William John Trounce, John Amice Le Boulanger, 

Ebenezer Beavan, Joseph Ramsdale, 

Patrick William Carey, William Callow Hurley. 

Evan Jones, 

Joseph Larke Wheatley, Town Clerk. 

1 884 November 3. 

Mr. W. E. Williams, Assistant Librarian of Cardiff, has been 
chosen to succeed Mr. Ballinger at Doncaster. 

Colonel Page has presented to the Eree Library a complete set, 
86 volumes, of the " Illustrated London News." 

Cardiff Council Minutes, 1884—1885. 

1884 November lo Monday. 

Councillor Andrew Fulton elected Mayor ; salary ^300. 

Alderman Daniel Lewis appointed Deputy Maj'or. 

Joseph Monk and William Read, Serjeants-at-Mace. 

Joseph Mountstephen, Town Crier. 

Council accept with thanks the offer from Mr. B. S. Marks of 
his portrait of the late Daniel Thomas,' "whose early death in an 
attempt to save the lives of men in extreme peril closed a career 
which had been adorned by many similar heroic efforts." 

The Mayor read a letter from the Town Clerk suggesting that 
the Corporation should take over the staff in his Department. 

Resolved That the officials in the Town Clerk's Department 
be engaged and paid by the Corporation instead of by the Town 
Clerk, and that the said officials be under the control of the 
Corporation. 

Resolved I'hat the salary of the Town Clerk be ^Soo ; he to 
devote all his time to the duties of his office, with the option of 
acting as Clerk to the Governors of Wells' Charity. 

Vote of condolence forwarded to the family of the late Rt. Hon. 
Henry Fawcett, M.P,, Postmaster General. 

' He died in rescuing niiiieis enlonibed in the Peii-y-graig explosion. 



90 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



1 884 Decembers. 

General District Rate 15. in the £. 

W. J. Newbery appointed Committee and Managing Clerk of 
his department, at a salary of /200, and to be directly responsible to 
the Town Clerk. 

A Shorthand and General Clerk is to be appointed in place of 
J. T. S. Eaton. 

T. H. Middleton is appointed Shorthand and General Clerk. 

William J. Board is appointed Junior Clerk; salary ^15. los. 

Resolved That the whole of the clerks be placed under the direct 
control and authority of the Town Clerk ; and that he have power to 
suspend any clerk for misconduct or neglect of duty, reporting any 
such case to the next meeting of the Special Finance Committee. 

Resolved That the office-hours of the clerks in the Town 
Clerk's Department be from 9 a.m. to 5.30 p.m., allowing one hour 
for dinner, except on Saturdays, when the office shall be closed at 
I p.m. 

The Town Clerk read the following resolution, passed at a 
meeting of the Roath Ratepayers' Protection Association : — 

" Resolved That the attention of the Corporation be called to 
the large increase of the Town Clerk's salary; and that 
the Corporation be requested, in view of the great 
depression of trade in the Town, to take ever}' care 
not to increase the present expenditure." 

Resolved That the clerks appointed by the Corporation shall not 
be allowed to do any work for gain, other than Corporation work. 

A. H. Collingwood appointed Chief Clerk in the Legal Depart- 
ment ; salary, /^200. 

Y . C. Lloyd appointed Shorthand and Engrossing Clerk ; salary, 

D. D. Davies appointed Assistant Conveyancing and General 
Clerk ; salary, ^'85. 

The tender ot Mr. S. Treseder for planting trees in Richmond 
Road is accepted. 

Resolved That in future the Minnitsfield bridge be called St. 
Andrew's Bridge. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1897. 91 

Thomas Hughes appointed Borough Analyst, under the Foods 
and Drugs Act. 

Memorial from the Council, addressed to the Rt. Hon. W. E. 
Gladstone, M.P., praying that the Borough of Cardiff be represented 
by two Members in the House of Commons, under the new- 
Redistribution of Seats Bill. 

1885 January i-. 

The following letter was read to the Council : — ■ 

" Horse Guards, Whitehall. 

Sir, — 1 beg to inform you that the two groups of sculpture' in the 
Town Hall at Cardiff belong to me as the heir and executor of my 
late brother. They are original works of great merit, by the late 
J. Evan Thomas, F.S.A., J. P. and D.L. of the County of Brecon. 
They were deposited by him, with permission, in their present 
position after the Exhibition at Cardiff in 1S71. He died in 1S73. 
The}' are no doubt a great ornament to the Hall, and a great attrac- 
tion to visitors, especially strangers. The group of Science is the 
original model, and is peculiarly appropriate to such a progressive 
town as Cardiff. The Distressed Mother is also an original model, 
and has been executed in marble. I am willing to dispose of them to 
the Town, for the sum of 100 guineas. I need not say that this is tar 
below the value of original works of such magnitude, by such a 
distinguished native sculptor, who is well known in Cardiff by his 
statues of the late Marquis of Bute and the late Mr. H. Vivian. I 
request that you will lay this letter before the Corporation, who will, 
I trust, become possessors for the Town of the noble works in 
question, and thus prevent their removal from the place they liave so 
long adorned. — 1 am, Sir, your obedient servant, 

J. Lewis Thomas, P\,S.y\., 

Chief Surveyor, War Department. 
To His Worship the Mayor of Cardiff." 

Resolved That the letter be allowed to lie on the table. 

Address of congratulation to His Royal Highness the Prince 
of Wales, K.G., on the attainment of the majority of his eldest son, 
H.R.H. Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward, KG. 

' They are still to be seen in the vestibule of the Town H.tll. 



92 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1885 February 9 Monday. 

Letter from Mr. I). Tudor Evans, Secretary of the Cambrian 
Society of South Wales and Monmouthshire, asking permission to 
use the Assembly Room on March 2nd next for a banquet in cele- 
bration of the anniversary of Saint David, the patron saint of 
Wales. 

Resolved That the same be granted. 

1S85 March 9. 

In accordance with a letter from the Lord Mayor of London, 
the Mayor of Cardiff is requested by this Council to open a 
subscription-list towards a national memorial to the late General 
Gordon. 

Council petition in favour of the Cardiff" and Monmouthshire 
Valleys Railway Bill. 

1885 April 13. 

^7,500 to the School Board. 

The Medical Officer found a whole family down with typhus 
fever in a house in Carpenters' Arms Court, the Hayes. 

Mr. S. J. Tliorp having accepted the Town Clerkship of Bury, 
Lancashire, Mr. John Ballinger, the Chief Librarian, is appointed 
Secretary to the Free Librar}- Committee. 

Letter from Colonel Hill, C.B.: — 

" Rookwood, Llandaff. 

April 25th, 1885. 
Dear Dr. Taylor, — A friend of mine, whose name I am at 
present not at libert}- to disclose, is possessed of a valuable collection 
of works of art, the result of many years' labour and research, worth 
more than /j ,000. He is prepared to hand over this collection to a 
Committee of a Museum or Art Gallery, upon the condition that it, as 
well as the other works of art and objects of interest in such Museum, 
be open gratis to tlie public upon every Sunday in the year, during 
three hours of daylight. I have pleasure in informing you that I am 
authorised to make the first offer to tne Committee of the Cardiff Free 
Library and Museum. I am also authorised to state that, in the 
event of its acceptance, a relative of my iriend is prepared to secure 
to the Committee a sum of /20 a year for a period of seven years, 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 93 

wherewith to provide the needful attendance during the three hours of 
Sunday. I therefore address this letter to you, as Chairman of the 
Committee, and ask you to be good enough to lay it before them. I 
venture to express a personal hope that this munificent offer may 
commend itself to the minds of the Committee as worthy of 
acceptance. To give that large portion of the public whose occu- 
pations are of such a character as practically to preclude them from 
visiting Museums upon weekdays an opportunity of seeing the 
treasures of art at their leisure on Sundays would, in my opinion, 
tend to induce others to follow the example of the late Mr. Menelaus 
and that of my friend, and to place within the reach of the working 
classes, their wives and families, works of art the contemplation and 
study of which, I strongly urge, is of an elevating, improving and 
ennobling character. — I am, dear Dr. Taylor, yours very truly. 

Edward S. Hill. 
To W. Taylor, Esq., Chairman, 

Cardiff Free Library Committee." 

It was proposed and seconded that the thanks of the Committee 
be conveyed to Col. Hill for his offer, but that it respectfully declines 
to accept the munificent gift on the conditions named. 

An amendment to defer the question of acceptance was lost by 
one vote. 

The resolution was then put, and carried by 7 votes to 6. 

The original motion was then declared to be carried. 

1S85 May II. 

Petition presented b}^ Councillor Carey : — 

" We view with deep concern the late decision of the Free Library 
and Museum Committee as to the opening of the above institution on 
Sundays, and hope you will take into 3'our favourable consideration 
the question of opening the same on the whole or a reasonable part of 
Sunday, Christmas Day and Good Friday." (1,191 signatures.) 

Proposed by way of amendment by Councillor Carey, seconded 
by Councillor Morgan : That the clause of the proceedings in question 
be eliminated, and that Colonel Hill's letter be referred back to the 
Committee for further consideration. 

The amendment was carried, 15 voting in favour of, and 7 against 
the same. For : Aldermen Taylor and Duncan, Councillors D. E. 
Jones, Jacobs, Sanders, Lougher, Vaughan, Carey, E. Jones, Morgan, 



94 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Jackson, R. E.Jones, Watson, Ramsdale and Hurley' — 15. Against: 
Alderman Cory, Councillors Thomas, D. Jones, Rees, Prober, Trounce 
and Beavan — 7. Neutral : Councillor Andrews. 

General District Rate iiii in the ^. 

Thomas Rees appointed Serjeant-at-Mace, in the place of WiHiam 
Read deceased. 

Resolved That the Council cordially approves of the proposal to 
weir the river Taff at Cardiff, if on enquiry it is found to be practicable, 
and provided no injury be done thereby to property in the neighbour- 
hood. 

Committee appointed to confer with the promoters of the above 
scheme. 

New bronze bell for the Catholic chapel at the Cemetery, to be 
purchased of James Barwell, Birmingham, for ^36. S5. 6d. 

The Head Constable's attention is called to the obstruction 
caused by street hawking in Trinity Street on Saturdays. 

The tenants of the farm on the P~lat Holm complain that, since 
the Cholera Hospital was established there, they have suffered heavy 
pecuniary loss. There has been a great falling off in the moneys 
received from visitors to the island, and the complainants have had a 
difficulty in selling at Cardiff the vegetables etc. grown on their farm. 

" Rookwood, Llandaff. 

Sth May, 1SS5. 
Dear Dr. Ta3'lor, — I have communicated the suggestion contained 
in your letter to my friend, and he desires me to say that he is iioi 
prepared to waive the condition attached to the proposed gift. The 
parting with personal possession of his cherished collection is a 
sacrifice only to be contemplated for the advancement of a great 
national work, viz., the education and healthy amusement of the 
working classes upon Sunday, their one day of leisure. I am, how- 
ever, pleased to be able to inform you that, in consequence of the 
warm manner in which the subject has been taken up by those for 
whose benefit the gift was intended, my friend has consented to keep 
his offer open for three months, thus giving time for the possible 
reconsideration by the Committee of the Cardiff Free Library and 
Museum of their decision — after public opinion has had free expres- 
sion. Very trul}' \-ours. 

Edward S. Hill." 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. 95 

It was proposed and seconded : That in the opinion of this 
Committee, seeing the logical issue of opening Museums on Sunday 
must involve an enormous increase in Sunday labour, and so lead to 
the virtual enslavement of working men and to the prejudice of 
national interests, it is undesirable to accept the offer made through 
Colonel Hill on the conditions named, and it therefore respectfully 
declines to accept the same. 

It was pr(jposed and seconded as an amendment : That the 
Corporation be respectfully asked to ascertain the opinion of the 
Burgesses of Cardiff in regard to the opening of the Museum on 
Sundays, by means of a plebiscite or public town vote. 

For the Amendment : Alderman Taylor, Councillors Lougher, 
Watson, Hurley, Dr. Vachell, Messrs. Price, Ronnfeldt, Wheatley — 
8. Against : The Mayor, Alderman Cory, Councillors Sanders, Rees, 
Proger, Trounce, Beavan, Gunn, Dr. Wallace, Rev. W. E. Wuiks, 
Messrs. Davies, Thomas. — 12. Neutral: Mr. Heywood. 
The Amendment was therefore declared lost. 

It was then proposed and seconded as a further amendment : 
That the generous offer made through Colonel Hill be accepted. 

For the amendment : Alderman Taylor, Councillors Lougher, 
Watson, Hurley, Messrs. Heywood, Price, Ronnfeldt, Wheatley — 8. 
Against : The Mayor, Alderman Cory, Councillors Sanders, Rees, 
Proger, Trounce, Beavan, Gunn, Dr. Wallace, Rev. W. E. Winks, 
Messrs. Davies, Thomas — 12. Neutral: Dr. Vachell. 

The original motion was then put and carried. 

1885 June 8. 

On the adoption of the Minutes of the Free Library and Museum 
Committee being moved, it was proposed by way of amendment by 
Councillor Jackson, seconded by Councillor Lougher : That in the 
opinion cf this Council the time has arrived for affording the working 
classes of Cardiff and its vicinity the opportunity of inspecting and 
studying the pictures, works of art, and other objects of interest in the 
Free Library buildings; and that arrangements be made forthwith for 
opening the Museum to the public on Sundays between the hours of 
3 and 6 p.m., provided funds be forthcoming from voluntary sources. 

For the amendment : Alderman Taylor, Councillors Jacobs, 
Lougher, Carey, Waring, Morgan, Trayes, Jackson, R. E. Jones, 



96 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

James, Le Boulan,!;er, liurle}' — 12. Against: The Ma3'ur, Aldermen 
Lewis, Cory, Councillors Thomas, Bird, D. Jones, Sanders, Proger, 
Beavan, E. Jones, Andrews, Gunn — 12. Neutral: Alderman Jones, 
Councillors Vaughan, Evans, Ramsdale. 

The Ma3'or gave his casting vote against the amendment, which 
was therefore lost, and it was then 

Resolved, That the Minutes of the Free Library' and Museum 
Committee be deferred for further consideration. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk be requested to report to the 
next meeting of the Council whether the Corporation have power to 
veto the proceedings of the Committee, and, if necessar}', to take the 
opinion of Counsel thereon. 

Borough Engineer is to prepare plans for a new bridge over the 
Roath Brook, near Pengam. 

The Free Library has received from Her Majesty's Stationery 
Office a donation of 236 volumes of Record Publications. 

18S5 July 13. 

Town Clerk reported that the Council had no power to veto or 
control the proceedings of the Free Library and Museum Committee. 

The attention of the Bute Trustees is to be called to the dredgings 
which have been deposited both within and beyond the limits of 
deviation of the Bute Docks Act 1SS2, on the Cardiff Flats, east of the 
low-water pier. 

Borough Engineer reports that the new buildings at the corner 
of Church Street and St. John Street have been completed, and the 
footpath and carriage-way duly improved there. 

Head Constable reported upon the excellent manner in which 
the Fire Brigade worked at the extensive fire which took place at the 
new Market Buildings in St. Mary Street, on the 28th June. 

1SS5 August 10. 

Address of congratulation to be sent to Her Royal Highness 
Princess Beatrice, on her marriage with H.R.H. Prince Henry of 
Battenberg. 

1885 September 14. 

Mr. John Amice Le Boulanger has been selected by the Lord 
Chancellor as a Justice of the Peace for the Borough. The Council 
announce their approval of the same. 




"^f "^ [K'- V^t \^^ 







COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 97 

18S5 November 3. 

The General Purposes Committee by vote nominated Councillor 
D. E. Jones as Mayor for the ensuing year. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1885—1886. 

1885 November 9 Monday. 

Councillor David Edgar Jones elected Mayor ; salary ^300. 

Alderman Daniel Lewis appointed Deputy Mayor. 
Resolved That the ex-Mayor, Councillor Fulton, receive the thanks of 
the Council for the manner in which he has fulfilled the duties of the 
Mayoralty, and that he be admitted as the first Honorar}' Freeman of 
this Borough, under the powers conferred upon the Corporation by 
the Honorary Freedom of Boroughs Act 18S5. 

Resolved That a copy of the foregoing Resolution, engrossed on 
vellum and enclosed in a gold casket with a suitable inscription, be 
presented to Councillor Fulton at a public meeting to be called for 
that purpose. 

Resolved That Joseph Monk and Thomas Kelly be appointed 
Serjeants at-Mace for the ensuing year, at a salary of ^20 each and a 
suit of clothes. 

Joseph Mount Stephen, Town Crier. 

At the Property and Markets Committee, a letter was read from 
Mr. G. A. B. Cope, a member of the Re-Organised Church of Latter 
Day Saints, applying for the use of the Swimming Baths for the 
purpose of baptising males and females. 

Resolved That the application be not acceded to. 

The attention of the Property and Markets Committee was called 
to the storing by Messrs. Cross Bros, of a large quantity of petroleum 
Sec. on Corporation property adjoining the Free Library. 

Enquiries are to be made as to the date of the expiration of the 
lease of the premises between the Free Library and the old Royal 
Hotel. The latter site, on the corner of Wharton Street and Trinity 
Street, is required for the new premises of the Cardiff Savings Bank, 
at present situate at the corner of North Street and Duke Street. 

Mr. W. T. Lewis has written the Board of Trade, with regard to 
the complaint of the Corporation, that "the mud raised by the 



98 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

dredgers from the works at the Bute Docks has for a great number of 
3-ears past been taken down the Channel and deposited near a rock 
called the Wolves, which is certainly not in the fairway." 

Borough Treasurer is to recover _;^5o. 4s. 4^/., amount of damage 
done to the old Royal Hotel on the occasion of the recent fire in 
Wharton Street. 

Mr. G. A. Phillips, the temporary assistant in the Borough 
Engineer's Office, is appointed on the permanent staff at a salary of 
^100. 

The first meeting of the newly-appointed Charters Committee 
was held ist December, 18S5 ; present : The Mayor (Chairman), 
Alderman Taylor, Councillors Yorath and Trounce. 

Letter from Mr. J. A. Corbett :— 

"Cardiff. 13th November 18S5, 
Cavdijf Charters. 
Dear Sir, — I am much obliged for your letter of the iith and 
the vote of thanks which the Council have honoured me b}' according. 
I can get access to a book of translations of Charters, which will 
enable me to see whether there are any missing or not ; and in a few 
days, when a little more at liberty, I shall be glad to see you on the 
matter. — Yours truly. 

J. A. Corbett." 

The Town Clerk submitted the seven old Charters which were 
handed to him by Mr. J. A. Corbett, numbered respectively i, 2, 3, 5, 
7, 1 2 and 13. 

Resolved That Mr. G. E. Robinson be desired to attend the next 
meeting of this Committee. 

18S5 December 14. 

Resolved That in future the representatives of the Press be 
admitted to all the meetings of the Committees of this Corporation, 
as well as to the meetings of the Council. 

Resolved That the use of the Assembly Room be granted for 
holding the Hunt Ball. 

An application by Mr. T. Gammon for the use of one of the 
rooms in the Town Hall, for mission-work on Sunday evenings, was 
refused. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 99 

The new steam fire-engine is to be called the " Waiter 
Hemingwa}'." 

Town Clerk reported that he had tal<en possession of the farms 
and lands in the TafT Favvr Valley, required for the construction of 
the Cantref Reservoir. 

Charters Committee resolved That Mr. Robinson and IVIr. Drane 
be allowed to inspect the Charters, and that Mr. Robinson be desired 
to give the title of each Charter and report upon the best means for 
the preservation thereof. Also that Mr. Robinson have permission to 
take one of the Charters at a time, for purposes of inspection. 

1886 January i i. 

Daniel Jones, Water Bailiff, reports that a French schooner and 
the steamer " Roath " had sunk in the Roads, the latter in consequence 
of colliding with a German steamer. Her wreck is to be properly 
lighted and guarded. 

The congregation of the Jewish Synagogue in East Terrace ask 
that the street may have macadam substituted for the pebble pitching. 

Police Surgeon Wallace and the Head Constable are to instruct 
the Police Force in " First Aid to the Injured," as recommended by 
the St. John's Ambulance Association. 

1886 February 8. 

T. E. Baker appointed Engrossing and General Clerk, salary 
^(i';. 125., in the place of T. H. Middleton resigned. 

Resolved That it be an instruction to the Public Works Com- 
mittee that they take the necessary steps to acquire the piece of 
ground in front of the Spittal Cottages, Crockherbtown, in order to 
widen the street from the Ale.xandra Hotel to Dr. Hardyman's house. 

Free Library Committee resolved That it is impossible, in the 
present state of the finances, to establish Branch Libraries or 
News-rooms. 

Deputation sent to Birmingham to attend a Town Meeting, for 
the purpose of considering a scheme for improving the canal 
navigation between Birmingham and the Bristol Channel. 

Moved and seconded. That in future the contribution of /so 
from the High Sheriff towards the expenses of the Judge's Lodgings 
be not required. 



loo CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Leonard appointed Collector of Harbour Dues, in the place 

of G. M. Douglas, late Inspector of Customs at this Port, who has 
retired. 

Parliamentary Committee resolved That the time has not yet 
arrived for the Corporation to consider the question of the formation 
of a Harbour Trust. 

1 886 February 15. 

Councillor Yorath elected Alderman, in the place of Mr. Elliott 
resigned. 

Resolved That the Borough Engineer obtain brass plates for the 
insertion of cards with the respective names of the Members of the 
Council, and affix the same to their respective desks in the Council 
Chamber. 

Deputation waited on the Great Western Directors, who promised 
that the question of a station at Roath should receive careful con- 
sideration. 

1 886 March 8. 

Charters Committee. Present: The Mayor (chairman), Alderman 
Yorath, Councillor Trounce. 

Mr. G. E. Robinson attended. 

Resolved That Mr. Robinson be desired to obtain an estimate of 
the cost of a translation of the Charters in the possession of the 
Corporation, and for making facsimiles thereof by photo-zincographic 
process. 

1886 April 12. 

The Lord's interest in Ely and Canton Commons has been 
purchased by the Corporation. 

Edward Jenkins, of Pont-y-clown, Llantrisant, appointed Engineer 
to the Fire Brigade ; salary- 30s. per week. 

W. J. Parish, Clerk in the Borough Engineer's department, is 
permitted to fish in the river Ely, on payment of the usual fee for a 
fishing-ticket. 

1 886 May 10. 

A letter from Mr. VV. Grant respecting the formation of "a 
recognised professional Town Band " for the Borough was read. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. loi 

Resolved That the memorial be allowed to lie on the table. 

Resolved That, the Cardiff Savings Bank having suspended 
payment without a prospect of resuming business, immediate steps 
be taken to acquire the Bank premises with a view to carr^'ing out 
the proposed improvements in North Street. 

Resolved That the sum of ^^50 be added to the Mayor's salary, 
for the purpose of subscribing to the Glamorganshire General Agri- 
cultural Society, who are to hold their show this year at Cardiff. 

R. W. Lewis appointed Chief Clerk in the Borough Treasurer's 
Department. 

Property and Markets Committee Resolved That in future 
walnuts, the produce of the trees in Canton Market, be sold as 
soon as the same are ready for pickling, to obviate the damage 
caused by stone-throwing. 

Discretionary power is given to the Mead Constable for the 
Police Band to play in the Sophia Gardens during the summer 
evenings. 

Swansea, Newport, Neath and Bridgend are asked to co-operate 
with Cardiff in endeavourmg to secure an improved train-service on 
the South Wales portion of the G. W. R. 

1S86 July 12. 

Vote of condolence with the relatives of the late Alderman G. A. 
Stone deceased. 

Mr. Childers, the Home Secretary, writes directmg tiie Watch 
Committee to institute a searching investigation into the conduct of 
the Police on the occasion of the riots during the recent Election at 
Cardiff 

An application was received from Mr. James Ayre, of i Ruthin 
Gardens, for compensation for damage done to his windows by the 
mob on the occasion of Mr. Parnell's visit to Cardiff. 

Mr. James Cliff, of Penarth Road, is asked to attend before 
the Watch Committee with reference to his complaint of having been 
ill-used by the Police on 22nd June. 

The Mayor and Councillor Morgan will be deputed to interview 
David Morrell as to the alleged ill-treatment received by him whilst 
under confinement in the Cardiff Police Cells. 



I02 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The Police Surgeon is to furnish a report upon the number of 
policemen injured on the night of the Election. 

Colonel Lindsay, Chief Constable of the Count}' Police, has 
written the Borough Head Constable, declining to send him any 
report for the Mayor. 

FIcad Constable's Report o)i the Riot. 
"I have to report that during the recent Election the duties of 
the Police have been very trying and onerous. On the occasions of 
the visits of Mr. Parnell, Lord Hartington, Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. 
Dillon, the crowds were very great, and on two occasions the Police 
were severely handled. His Worship the Mayor and myself received 
instructions from the Home Office to specially attend and protect 
Lord Hartington, which was done. In consequence of information 
received. His Worship instructed me to secure Police assistance from 
other towns. I applied to the Police authorities at Bristol and 
Swansea, but failed to get any. Colonel Lindsay informed me that 
he could not spare any, owing to tiie annual inspection being held 
during the week; but on the facts becoming known to Mr. R. O. 
Jones, he interposed and procured 30 constables, who arrived here on 
Tuesday tiie 6th instant, the evening of tlie arrival of Mr. Chamberlain. 
We escorted Mr. Chamberlain from the Railwa}- Station, and to and 
from the Angel Hotel to tlie Drill Hall, and under the greatest 
difficulty prevented him from being upset and assaulted. Several 
attempts were made to attack the carriage, stones were thrown 
and several constables were struck. The feeling was very high. 
Several gentlemen were attacked and subsequent!}' threatened, and 
they claimed protection from the Mayor for their houses. On 
the night of the 7th inst., after the declaration of the poll, a 
large crowd assembled in St. iMary Street, quite 9,000 or 10,000 
persons. I placed a body of constables in front of the Royal 
Hotel, and distributed others in various places under the charge 
of Superintendent Price, Inspector Harris, and .Sergeants Hawkins 
and Johns. Superintendent Price sent Detective Fowler to me about 
12.15, and stated that the mob were throwing stones and breaking 
the windows of the Western Mail offices. I immediately proceeded 
with anotlier body of constables. Upon arriving we iound a most 
excited crowd throwing stones. 1 drew the men up in line near the 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18801897. 103 

Western Mail offices, and advised and begged the crowd to desist and 
go quietl}- home. It was of no avail. The PoHce then advanced; 
stones still being thrown, and several of the Police were injured, 
including myself. I was struck several times. We charged the mob 
and drove the greater portion of the crowd away, and returned back 
to the wall of the IVcstcrii Mail. The mob returned and recom- 
menced throwing stones ; after another advance we succeeded in 
clearing awa}^ the crowd. I used great forbearance, and regret if any 
innocent or unoffending persons were injured. I am confident that, 
had we not acted with promptitude and firmness, there would have 
been serious destruction of property, and our lives were in danger. 
The mob appeared intent upon wrecking the JVeslcni Mail buildings. 
A magic-lantern canvas, upon which objectionable caricatures had 
been exhibited, caused a great deal of excitement. Mr. Councillor 
Vaughan came to me in a most excited state. I had previously iieard 
of his presence among the crowd, and I advised him to go home. 
That I threatened to strike him I most emphatically deny. 'I'he 
statements that have been made as to the Police being drunk are 
entirely without foundation. I was surprised where the mob procured 
the stones from, for I had arranged with the Borough Engineer and 
Superintendent of Scavengers to have all loose stones removed from 
the streets. In St. Mary Street at 7.45 p.m. there were no loose 
stones to be seen." 

Slalanrnl by Councillor J J'. E. J'aughau. 
I was at the Liberal Club about 10.30 p.m. When the result of 
the poll was made known 1 went out on to the balcony and listened 
to several speeches. There was a large crowd in the road, and their 
bearing was most orderly. About 12.30, just before Sir Edward 
Reed came to the Club from the Royal Hotel, I started to go home to 
Canton. I skirted the crowd on the side next to the canal. As I got 
to the corner of Mill Lane I saw the police pushing the people about 
and driving them back. I myself was pushed, and said to the 
policeman, '• I am going home ; why do you interfere ?" Inspector 
I'amblyn was standing behind these men. I said to him, " I should 
think you are trying to incite a riot." He replied, " I cannot help 
it ; you must see the Head Constable." I enquired where he was 
to be found, and the Inspector said, "At the Il'fsh'ni Mail." 1 at 



104 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

once went across St. Mary Street, but before getting to the Western 
Mail offices I saw a large number of police with drawn staves rush 
towards the crowd. The constables were followed by one or two 
Inspectors and Sergeants, and at the rear of these came Mr. 
Hemingway attired in plain clothes. He was shouting, " Rush at 
them ; clear the streets." I cried, " Mr. Hemingway, if you want to 
stop it withdraw your men, or you will provoke a not." He replied, 
" I won't be interfered with by j-ou. If you speak to me again (and 
he rose his stick threateningly), I will knock you down." I had no 
weapon in my hand. Looking around, I saw a number of men at the 
corner of Mill Lane being beaten most unmercifully. I could distinctly 
hear the crack of the policemen's staves on their heads. The Head 
Constable was shouting like a maniac, " Drive them off the street." I 
went straight home, passing up St, Mary Street, and could see no 
signs of rioting. It is a mysterj' to me why the police thought it 
necessary to behave as they did. 

The Mr yor has asked the Government to appoint a Commission 
of Enquiry into the above circumstances, which the Home Secretary 
has consented to do on payment of the cost. 

iSS6 July 2 2. 

The Home Secretary has appointed John Bridge, esq., the 
Stipendiary at Bow Street Police Court, to hold the enquirj- into the 
conduct of the Constabulary in connection with the Cardiff Election 
Riots. 

Councillor T. \V. Jacobs elected Alderman, in place of Alderman 
G. A. Stone deceased. 

Finance Committee recommend that in future Municipal Elections 
the scale of remuneration to be allowed to persons outside the 
Corporation be as follows : — Presiding Officers, two guineas ; Poll 
Clerks, one guinea ; and that no other allowance be made to the 
officials engaged thereat. 

Vote of condolence with the family of the late Alderman Stone, 
formerly Chairman of the Burial Board Councillor Trounce is 
appointed to succeed him in the chairmanship. 

A tender was submitted from Mr. W. .Spiridion for repairing the 
Mayor's chain and badge, replacing and making leaves and gilding 
same, and restoring case, for £6. 155. Oil 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. '05 

Resolved That the same be accepted, and Mr. Spiridion requested 
to take to the gold found concealed in the interior of the badge and 
credit the account tlierewith. 

Letter from Mr. J. Hurman, Traffic Manager of the Taff Vale 
Rail\va\', was read before a Special Committee. He had written the 
Head Constable asking him to render assistance on Sunday when the 
Company's private toll-gate was set up on the new road between Bute 
Docks and Grangetown, as he was apprehensive of a breach of the 
peace. He promised to comply, but did not do so. A breach of the 
peace did actually occur. One of the Company's special constables 
was assaulted, and received a blow in the mouth, and great damage 
was done to the Company's property. A new gate has been erected at 
the same place, and it is stated a similar attempt will be made to 
destroy it. The Company therefore demand protection. 

In consequence of the above letter the whole Committee waited 
on the Chairman and Directors of the T.V.R., and urged them to 
remove the tolls; but this they declined to do until their right to the 
same had been admitted by the peaceful payment thereof on the part 
of the public 

1 886 August 9. 

7^26. 5s. added to the Mayor's salary, to give a prize at the 
Cardiff Christmas Fat Stock Show. 

The Secretary of State has forwarded a copy of Mr. Bridge's 
Report re the Election Riots ; and suggests that in future cases 
where, owing to party feeling or other causes, any serious disturb- 
ance of the public peace may be apprehended on the polling day, 
votes should be counted and the poll declared by daylight on the 
following day. 

Siiminary of the Report. 

Cardiff is a town which has increased in population to an e.Ktra- 
ordinary degree during the last ten years, and now contains a very 
large population from all parts of the United Kingdom, together with 
a large number of foreign sailors. " The question before the electors 
at the election in question " excited the greatest interest. During the 
visits of Lord Hartington, Mr. Chamberlain, Mr. Parnell and Mr. 
Dillon, to address the electors on behalf of the respective candidates, 
the assistance of the Police was required for the protection of some of 



,o6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

these gentlemen ; and by the exertions of the Police alone disturbances 
of the peace were then avoided. The authorities were apprehensive 
of tumultuous assemblies on the day of the election, and the Mayor, 
after consultation with the Home Secretary, had arranged for the 
importation of a body of County Constabulary to assist the local 
Police. The Mayor had also directed that all stones should be removed 
from Saint Mary Street, where disturbances, if any, were likely to 
occur. The Head Constable directed that no constable should draw 
his baton except under the instructions of his superior officer. Before 
the declaration of the poll, the Head Constable had sent small bodies 
of Police to protect the Liberal Club, the Conservative Club, the 
South Wales Daily Nra's, which supported Sir Edward Reed, and the 
JVcstcni Mail, which supported Mr. Brand. This was because the 
South IValcs Daily Nczvs had been attacked at the last election, and 
because, for some evenings before the polling day, transparencies had 
been exhibited at the buildings of the IVcslcni Mai!, which, being 
caricatures of certain eminent political leaders, had greatly excited the 
crowds commg to see them. The result of the poll was declared a 
short time before midnight at the Town Hall, in the presence of a 
large crowd in Saint Mary Street. After it was declared and a speech 
had been delivered by Sir Edward Reed, a large portion of the crowd 
proceeded from the Town Hall to the front of the JVisiern Mail 
buildings. Up to this time the Police and the crowd had been 
perfectly friendly, although a few stones had been thrown against the 
different illuminations at the U\-stcni Mail buildings. On the arrival 
of the crowd from the Town Hall, an illumination of Mr. Brand was 
being exhibited. The crowd threw stones, and with great noise 
demanded tliat the illumination should be taken in. A number of 
stones struck the extra force of constables which had been summoned. 
At this time there was a very large crowd of from seven to eight 
thousand people, mostly orderly persons who were mere sightseers. 
But there were others who were armed with stones, and were noisy, 
and ripe for any mischief. The night was dark, and no one could see 
what took place except close to him. After the Head Constable had 
placed his men with their backs to the JVcstcm Mail buildings, he 
went into the middle of the crowd and endeavoured to persuade them 
tu disperse. The stone-throwing continued, and he was struck by 
several stones with great force. He then ordered his men to advance 



COUNCIL MINUTES. 1880-1S97. 107 

in line, but they were unable to press their way further than the edge 
of the pavement. The Head Constable then ordered them to charge, 
and clear the street. The Police then charged, drawing their staves, 
and divided the crowd, driving part of it up the street, and the other 
down toward the monument. On a second charge, the crowd again 
retreated, and went not only up and down St. Mary Street, but a 
number of them went along Mill Lane. Many persons were thrown 
down, and a considerable number received violent blows Irom the 
constables' staves. Two at least, William Davis and John Cabner, 
perfectly unoffending persons, were seriously injured. But many 
believed they saw people knocked down by the police, who in realit}^ 
only fell from the rush of the crowd. In the last charge some of the 
Police followed the crowd down Mill Lane, without orders, and there 
struck down some of the retreating crowd. Two women were thrown 
down at the corner of the lane, who afterwards made complaints. It 
was toward the end of the second charge that Sir Edward Reed came 
down Saint Mary Street and, passing through the Police and the 
crowd, proceeded to the Liberal Club. About this time Mr. Vaughan, 
a Town Councillor, had some angry words with the Head Constable. 
Soon after this, most of the crowd iiaving dispersed, the Head 
Constable drew up the Police in line near the monument. At this 
time also a large crowd had assembled in front of the Liberal Club, to 
listen to speeches from the balcony, and a large portion of the crowd 
had been driven towards Penarth Road and the East and West Canal 
Wharves, by whom stones were again flung at the Police, causing 
them great annoyance and bodily injury. One policeman at least was 
knocked down, and so much hurt that he was incapacitated for duty 
for some time. While the Police were in this line, Mr. John Duncan, 
part proprietor of the South JValcs Daily Nnvs, came down St, Mary 
Street, and remonstrated with the Head Constable upon the conduct 
of the Police, but spoke only from what others had told him. Directly 
alter this the Head Constable was called away by the report that a 
man was lying dangerously injured in Mill Lane, and he is not 
responsible for what subsequently took place. After speaking to the 
Head Constable, Mr. Duncan advanced to the monument and there 
addressed the crowd, telling them that the Police had greatly exceeded 
their duties. Stones came faster after this ; the Police got impatient, 
declared they could endure it no longer, and Inspector Tamblyn, who 



[o8 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



was in command, gave orders to clear the bridge. He gave no orders 
to draw staves ; but the Pohce proceeded to drive the crowd over the 
bridge, down Custom House Street to New Street, using their staves 
on them. There was here no violent resistance, and the streets were 
soon clear. There is undoubted evidence of fifteen persons' having 
received severe injuries from the batons of policemen. Two of the 
Police were severel}' injured by stones, and sixteen or seventeen 
slightly. 

Watch Committee considered the application of Mr. James Ayre, 
of I Ruthin Gardens, for compensation for damage done to his windows 
by the mob on the occasion of Mr. Parnell's visit to Cardiff. 

Resolved That as, at the time the procession was passing the 
house, some persons therein exhibited party colours, his claim cannot 
be entertained. 

Sir William Thomas Lewis writes that Lord Bute will be 
favourably disposed towards the scheme for weiring the Taff, pro- 
vided it can be done without interfering with his own rights or those 
of his tenants, and that the water is not used for boating purposes 
above Cardiff Bridge. This last condition is absolutely essential to 
Lord Bute's approval. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1886—1887. 



November 9 Tuesday. Prcsoit : — 

The Mayor [C/nu'niiaii] 
Aldermen 



Jones, 








Cory, 


Taylor, 








Yorath, 


Lewis, 








Jacobs, 


McConnochie, 








Carey, 


Duncan, 




Conin 


iilors 


Waring, 


Fulton, 








Watson, 


D. E. Jones (e.\ 


-May 


or), 




Le Boulanger 


D. Jones, 








Ramsdale, 


Sanders, 








Hurley, 





COUNCIL MINUTES, 


18S0-1897. 


Rees, 




Oliver, 


Lougher, 




Morel, 


Proger, 




Brain, 


Vaughan, 




Stevens, 


Trounce, 




Price, 


Beavan, 




Riches, 


Trayes, 




Burrow, 


Jackson, 




Mildon, 


Reynolds, 


Andrews. 


Shackell 



Councillor Morgan Morgan elected Mayor ; salary /,300. 

Alderman William Taylor appointed Deputy Mayor. 

Vote of thanks to Alderman William Bradley Watkins, J. P., 
Mayor and Chief Magistrate 1S65-6, upon his retirement from the 
aldermanic bencii, for the services he had faithfully rendered to the 
Borough during ^ij years. 

Councillors Thomas Waring and Patrick William Carey elected 
Aldermen. 

Joseph Monk and Thomas Kelly appointed Serjeants-at-Mace. 

The Mayor gave to the Museum the bell from the Old Town 
Hall. 

Vote of regret on the death of Robert Oliver Jones, esq., late 
Stipendiary' Magistrate for the Borough. 

T. W. Lewis, Secretary of the Cardiff Cymmrodorion Society, 
writes asking that the Stipendiary Magistrate next to be appointed 
may be conversant with the Welsh language. 

Letter from His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, asks for 
the Corporation's support to the proposed Imperial Institute, in 
honour of Her Majesty's Jubilee. (Referred to Committee ;r Queen's 
Jubilee.) 

The Justices, including the Mayor, having declined to punish 
persons for refusing to pay the street hawking tolls, their collection 
is to be discontinued. 

Roath Park Committee arrange to inspect the land proposed to 
be acquired for the Roath Park. 

Alderman Jones submitted a scheme shewing land between 
Pen-y-lan Road and Fairoak Farm to be covered with water for 
boating and other purposes. 



no CARDIFF RECORDS 

i8S6 December 13. 

Moved by Alderman Taylor, seconded by Councillor Brain, and 
Resolved : That the name of the street between Queen Street and the 
Taff Vale Railway bridge be in future called Queen Street, instead of 
Crockherbtown. 

A time-ball, or public clock, giving Greenwich mean time, is to 
be provided for the town and set up at the Town Hall or in some 
other convenient situation. 

Sir William Lewis agrees to let the Flat Holm to the Corporation 
at ;^50 per annum. 

Special Committee resolved That the Town Clerk be desired 
to communicate with the various municipal corporations of Wales, 
and enquire whether it is their intention to celebrate the jubilee of 
Her Majesty's reign by the presentation of an address, and to suggest 
that they should join Cardiff, as the Metropolis of Wales, in so doing. 

1S87 January 10. 

The Marquis of Bute has promised to present the Corporation 
with a site for an Infectious Disease Hospital, near the "Hamadryad" 
hospital ship. 

Water Bailifif is to be provided with a suit of uniform clothes, 
overcoat, oilskin coat, boots and leggings. 

Resolved That in view of the fact that the Bench at Cardiff 
consists of a large number of Magistrates willing to discharge the 
duties devolving upon them, it is not expedient to make application at 
present for the re-appointment of a Stipendiary Magistrate. 

1S87 January 26. 

Councillor Oliver presented a Memorial of Ratepayers, praying 
the Corporation to order the removal of the Batchelor statue from the 
open space in the Hayes. The3' complain that public land is occupied 
by the statue of a man whose memory is associated with the politics 
of one particular party. (1,200 signatures are appended). 

Water Bailiff is authorised to settle the claim of Charles Bacon, 
of Walton Bay, near Clevedon, for picking up a Corporation buoy. 

The tender of Messrs. Smith & Sons, London, for a time-ball, 
four feet in diameter, fixed complete for ^85, is accepted by the 
Property and Markets Committee. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-.897. iii 

Watch Committee. Head Constable reported that WiUiam 
Thorn, manager for Messrs. Gibson Bros., Bute Doclcs, had been 
locked up by Detective Fowler, charged with wilfully defacing the 
Batchelor statue by throwing yellow paint and tar thereon. 

Lord Bute's offer of ,^50 a year for the Flat Holm is accepted. 

Special Committee resolve to ask the Charity Commissioners 
that the ^500 per annum granted froin the funds of the Wells Charity 
to the University College of South Wales shall only be devoted 
to scholarships or exhibitions in favour of poor boys and girls of 
Cardiff. 

1SS7 February (4. 

Deputation appointed to wait upon the Great Western Railway 
Co., to impress upon them the great necessity for immediately 
constructing a railv/a^'-station for the use of the populous district of 
Roath, and for converting the Cardiff Station into an open one ; also 
to make an entrance to the down platform, and a thoroughfare from 
Wood Street to the Station, in order to meet the growing requirements 
of the public of Cardiff. 

Town Clerk reported that a notice had appeared in the local 
papers stating that an application had been made to the Board of 
Trade from the Right Hon. Lord Windsor for the acquisition of the 
rights and interests of the Crown in certain foreshore of the river 
Taff at Grangetown, containing 7| acres. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk be requested to object thereto on 
behalf of the Corporation. 

1S87 March 14. 

Letter from Mr. Daniel Rees, Clerk to the Magistrates. The 
Justices suggest that the Secretary of State be asked to appoint 
Mr. R. A. Valpy as Stipendiary for the Borough. 

Corporation require that the new Stipendiary Borough Magistrate 
should sit four days a week, and should have a knowledge of maritime 
law. The Home Secretary is not disposed to consider the latter 
qualification necessary. 

Deputation of ratepayers petitions the Council to restore the 
name of Crockherbtown. " This alteration has proved very incon- 
venient in many ways, without any corresponding advantage whatever. 



112 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

They are also unwilling that so well known and ancient a name, 
which has distinguished this as so respectable a part of Cardiff from 
time immemorial, should be abolished." (Mr. T. H. Stephens, 
solicitor, headed the deputation. The memorial bore 30 signatures.) 

Councillor Price thereupon moved to rescind the resolution 
altering the name Crockherbtown to Queen Street, but the motion on 
being put to the meeting was lost. 

Resolved That ^500 be added to the Mayor's salary for the 
current year, as the subscription of the Corporation towards the 
expenses of public illuminations, arches, decorations, flags &c , in 
connection with the celebration of the Jubilee of the reign of Her 
Majesty the Queen. 

Town Cierk laid before the General Purposes Committee a reso- 
lution passed at a meeting of the Cardiff Working Men's Radical 
Association, deprecating the spending of any money by the Corpora- 
tion in celebration of the Jubilee of the Queen's reign. 

Town Clerk reported that the Borough of Llantrisant, which 
was recently a Municipal Corporation, had ceased to be a Corporate 
Borough, and the Corporation thereof had been dissolved, as a new 
Charter had not been granted by Her Majesty, and now forms part of 
the County of Glamorgan, and the office of Town Clerk of that 
Borough abolished. This latter gentleman carried out the duties of 
preparing and publishing the List of Freemen, and receiving claims 
and objections thereto for Parliamentary Registration purposes ; and 
also issued a Precept to the Overseers of the Parish of Llantrisant to 
prepare a list of the persons entitled to vote in the election of a 
Member for Cardiff, which lists were afterwards handed to the Town 
Clerk of Cardiff. The Borough of Llantrisant is not co-extensive 
with the Parish of Llantrisant, the parish being five times larger 
than the Borough. Only the inhabitants of the Borough have the 
right to vote in Parliamentary elections for Cardiff". The Town Clerk 
therefore considers that he should issue his Precept to the Overseers 
of the Parish of Llantrisant to publish the List of Freemen, etc. 

" Whitehall. iS March, tSS;. 
Sir, — I have had the honour to lay before the Queen the loyal 
and dutiful Address of the Mayor, Aldermen and Town Council of 
Cardiff, on the occasion of Her Majesty attaining the Fiftieth Year of 



•/ 



imbsj 'pjia liqo 






inbsTi ■ ,.iiitl.-.|- ua'l" 



3JAJ sanuq.-) ji< 




COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 113 

her reign ; in which the Town Council moreover pray that Her Majesty 
may grant that the Chief Magistrate of the Borough may be styled 
' Lord Mayor.' And I have the satisfaction to inform you that Her 
Majesty was pleased to receive the congratulations of the Town 
Council most graciously. — I am, Sir, your obedient servant, 

Henry Matthews. 
The Mayor of Cardiff." 

Resolved That Sir Samuel Griffith, K.C.M.G., the Premier of 
Queensland, Australia, be presented with an address of welcome on 
the occasion of his visit to this Borough. 

Some old cottages were pulled down at the Cemetery. 
The Head Constable is to summon any person cutting turf on 
the Ely and Canton Commons 

Borough Engineer to report as to the best mode of preventing 
the leakage in the roof of the Town Hall in times of snow. 
" Board of Trade, Harbour Department ; 

London. 29 March, 1SS7. 
Sir, — Referring to your letter of the 3rd instant, transmitting 
certain objections raised by the Corporation of Cardiff to the applica- 
tion of Lord Windsor for the acquisition of the rights and interests of 
the Crown in certain Foreshore of the river Taff at Grangetown, for the 
purpose of constructing a Dock and other works thereon, I am directed 
by the Board of Trade to state, with reference to the objection No. 2, 
that the Foreshores of the United Kingdom below high water mark 
SLXe priind Jacic the property of the Crown, and have been placed, by 
the Crown Lands Act 1S66, under the management of the Board of 
Trade ; who, with their present information, are unable to admit that 
the Corporation of Cardiff have any right to the Foreshore below high 
mark of the river Taff, or elsewhere at Cardiff. With regard to the 
other objections made by the Corporation, a further communication 
will be made to you as soon as practicable. — I am, Sir, your obedient 
servant. 

C. Cecil Trevor. 

Resolved That the action of the Chairman with regard to the 
wreck " Strathallan " be approved, and that the Town Clerk be 
desired to write to the authorities of Trinity House requesting them 
to remove same. 

H 



114 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Resolved That the materials of the old Savings Bank premises be 
sold by public auction. 

Mr. John Stuart Corbett has informed the Health and Port 
Sanitary Committee that Lord Bute would require a rent of ^/"lOO per 
acre for about three acres of land, part of the Dumballs, with a 
frontage to the river Taff, to be leased to the Corporation for a 
scavenging yard. 

Cabs Committee. Resolved That, as the present system of 
regulating the vehicular traffic of the Borough is very unsatisfactory, 
the same be discontinued and the regulation of the traffic relegated to 
the Head Constable. 

Town Clerk submitted to the Parliamentary Committee a letter 
from Mr. J. A. Corbett, apropos of the new Cardiff Corporation Bill, 
alleging that Lord Bute was owner of the foreshore and bed of the 
river Taff within the lines of deviation, and submitting a clause for the 
protection of Lord Bute. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk be requested to inform Lord 
Bute's Solicitor that the Corporation are prepared to insert a clause 
for the protection of the Marquis of Bute, but they cannot admit any 
right on his Lordship's part to the bed of the river Taff. 
re RoatJi Park. 

Sir William Thomas Lewis writes that the correspondence 
between the Town Clerk and Mr. J. S. Corbett has been submitted 
to Lord Bute. Provided Lord Tredegar and the other owners of 
land in the Roath valley are prepared to give their land free of cost, 
the Marquis will arrange to purchase from his Trustees about So acres 
there and present the same to the public for a park. Enclosed is a 
plan shewing proposed recreation-ground and lake, the roads around 
which would form a drive 3^ miles long, continued along the public 
highway to Llanishen The Corporation would of course have to 
provide the whole of the roads, fences and other necessary works. 

Resolved That the best thanks of the Roath Park Committee be 
presented to Lord Bute for his valuable and munificent gift of a Park 
for the use of the inhabitants of this Borough. 

1S87 April 15 

Town Clerk laid before the Council a Precept from the Cardiff 
School Board for ^8,300, the amount required for the expenses of the 
said Board up to the ist October next. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 115 

Moved by Councillor Trounce, seconded by Councillor Rees, that 
the same be apportioned among the respective parishes as usual. 

Proposed by Councillor Jackson, seconded by Alderman Yorath, 
by way of amendment, That while recognising the fact that this 
Corporation is obliged to comply with the Precept of the School 
Board, as a protest against the abnormal and extravagant increase in 
the expenditure of the Board the Council do not take any steps 
towards the payment of the sum required, until the Overseers have 
collected the amount. 

The amendment on being put to the meeting was carried, and it 
was resolved accordingly, and the names were taken as follows : — 
For: Aldermen Jones, Taylor, McConnochie, Yorath, Jacobs, Carey; 
Councillors Lougher, Jackson, Reynolds, Watson, Le Boulanger, 
Hurley, Oliver, Brain, R. Price, Riches, Burrow, Hopkins — iS. 
Against : Councillors D. Jones, Sanders, Rees, Vaughan, Trounce, 
Ramsdale, Mildon, Shackell, P. Price — 9. Neutral : The Mayor — 1. 

Town Clerk read the following resolution passed at a meeting of 
the Cardiff Conservative Working Men's Club : — " That this meeting 
heartily endorses the action of the Town Council in voting ^500 to 
to his Worship the Mayor for the Jubilee Festivities." 

Town Clerk advises the Council to oppose the proposal for 
incorporating Penarth. Serious inconvenience would result there- 
from, as there would be two municipal bodies in close proximity to 
each other and mutually antagonistic. Penarth has only an estimated 
population of 11,000. There is practically no difference between the 
rating of Cardiff and Penarth. The Cardiff Corporation are the 
permanent Port Sanitary Authority, with jurisdiction extending to 
Lavernock Point. 

Property and Markets Committee desire the Town Clerk to 
inform the Board of Trade that they have no objection to Lord 
Windsor's purchase of the foreshore, provided that all the rights and 
privileges of the Corporation, as Conservators of the river Taff, and 
all rates or duties payable to the Corporation for vessels coming into 
the Port of Cardiff", &c., are not interfered with. 

The erection of Messrs. Duncan's new premises in the Golate 
being now completed, that street is to be laid with adamantine paving. 



ii6 CARniFF RECORDS. 

I.SS7 Ma)' 9. 

General District Kate i.s. in the £. 

Resolved that the Burouf^h Engineer be instructed to cause the 
front of the Town Hall to be appropriately decorated and illuminated 
during the week commencing June 20th, in honour of the Jubilee of 
the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen. 

Committee appc^inted to enquire into the truth of the statements 
contained in the newspapers as to a dispute between certain of the 
Chief Officials in the Town Clerk's Office, with full powers to deal 
with the matter without further reference to this Council. 

Moved by Alderman Jones, seconded by Councillor Andrews, 
that the Mayor and Town Clerk be requested to prepare an address 
to the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P., in honour of his visit to 
South Wales. (The motion on being put to the meeting was lost.) 

William Edgar Stephens appointed junior clerk in the Town 
Clerk's Office, at a salary' of _./^i6 per annum. 

Board of Trade write that no grant which they may make of the 
foreshore to Lord Windsor can affect any rights possessed by the 
Corporation of levying tolls on vessels entering the Port of Cardiff. 

The Committee Clerk, Mr. W. J. Newbery, sent in his 
resignation, and it was accepted. 

1887 June 13. 

Messrs. J. Pyke Thompson and Edwin Seward write suggesting 
the desirability of bringing together a public collection of pictures 
relating to Cardiff, and of those features of the town which are 
constantly disappearing by reason of modern changes. They also 
offer for the Corporation's acceptance the following paintings of local 
interest : — 

1. Original study of the David for the altar-piece in 
Llandaff Cathedral, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Donor, J. 
Pyke Thompson. 

2. An Italian peasant girl, painted in Rome by Penry 
Williams. Donor, J. Pyke Thompson. 

3. Landscape sketch by Richard Wilson, R.A. Donor, 
J. Pyke 'Lhompson. 

4. Old buildings formerly standing in Quay Street, 
Cardiff. Donor, Edwin Seward. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 




i>7 


Crockherbtown, with the 


Theatre 


Royal. 


Jenkins. 






lift" and the old Town Wails. 


Donor, 


Edwin 



5. Old 
Donor, John 

6. Care 
Seward. 

7. The old Taff Bridge at Pontypridd. Donor, John 
Jenkins. 

The offer was accepted with the best thanks of the Council. 

Plans for a proposed extension of Cardiff Castle were approved 
by the Council. 

The Home Office notify the appointment of Thomas William 
Lewis, esq., B.L., to be Police Magistrate and Justice of the Peace 
for the Borough of Cardiff. 

Moved by Alderman Carey, in pursuance of notice of motion 
previously given, seconded by Councillor Le Boulanger, and resolved. 
That the Borough Engineer be instructed to prepare a plan showing 
the continuation of Charles Street into David Street. 

Borough Engineer submitted a plan of the land for the proposed 
extension of the Free Library and Museum etc., showing the ground 
to be utilised for the widening of Trinity Street and Working Street. 

Resolved, That the same be approved, and the land remaining 
appropriated for additions to the Library &c., subject to the Free 
Library Committee setting back the building in Working Street to the 
line indicated upon the plan, at their own expense. 

Resolved, That the Town Clerk be instructed to advertise for 
tenders for the removal of wrecks which may occur in the fairway of 
tlie Channel. 

Mr. Lewis Williams writes to the Head Constable, apropos of 
bogus clubs : — " You will be pleased to know that Mr. Gladstone said 
to me on the platform, ' Your Police have done their work well, and 
are admirably handled ; ' adding ' The Metropolitan could not have 
done better. I really admire them.'" 

Head Constable is to arrange for the Police Band to play in the 
Sophia Gardens on Wednesday afternoons. 

Corporation make special arrangements for the Sunday School 
children's Jubilee fete in Cathays Park. 

Deputation, consisting of the following gentlemen, waited on the 
Special Committee with reference to the selection of a site for the 
proposed National Institute of Wales : — 



1,8 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Major Jones, President of the Cardiff Cymmrodorion Society ; 
Edwin Seward, Royal Cambrian Academy ; Edward Thomas, Welsh 
Utilization Society ; Tudor Evans, Hon. Sec. Cambrian Society ; 
William Johnston, Secretary of the Literary Society ; T. H. Thomas, 
R.C.A., President-elect of the Cardiff Natural History and Antiquarian 
Society. 

Resolved, That the Council be recommended to grant a building- 
lease to the National Institute of the site desired by them in the 
Hayes, at a nominal ground rent of £i per annum. 

1887 July II. 

The Mayor reported that he had appointed Charles Pearce as 
Serjeant-at-Mace, in the place of Thomas Kelly deceased. 

H. J. Paine, M.D., resigns his appointment as Medical Officer of 
Health. 

Committee appointed to consider the Charity Commissioners' 
draft scheme for the endowment of the Cardiff University College 
out of the funds of the Craddock Wells Charity. 

In reply to a deputation from the Corporation, the Directors of 
the Great Western Railway promise that they will give their careful 
consideration to the question of constructing a station at Roath and 
making Cardiff Station an open one. 

The Golate is to be paved with blue Staffordshire stable-brick. 

Borough Engineer submitted a plan for the intended widening of 
Pen-3'-lan Road. 

The barbed spikes on the Newport Road fencing are to be nipped 
off 

Sub-Committee appointed to consider the subject of the pollution 
of the river Taff. 

1887 August 8. 

Borouo-// of Cardiff. 

To the Most Honourable John Patrick Crichton Stuart, Marquis 
of Bute, Ear! of Windsor, Viscount Mountjoy, Baron Mountstuart, 
Baron Cardiff of Cardiff Castle, Earl of Dumfries and Bute, Lord 
Crichton of Sanquhar and Cumnock, and Lord Mountstuart, Cumbrae 
and Inchmarnock, Iv.T., L.L.D. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 119 

May it please your Lordship : 

We the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of the Borough of 
Cardiff, in Council assembled, desire, in the name of the Corporation 
and the inhabitants of this Borough, to offer to your Lordship our 
most sincere thanks for the generous gift of more than one hundred 
acres of land for the purposes of a public Park for the use of the 
inhabitants of this large and important Borough, and which has 
to-day been so appropriately inaugurated by the Most Honourable 
the Marchioness of Bute cutting the first sod. This is another 
evidence of your Lordship's desire to promote and foster the well- 
being of the inhabitants of this town, and this is now further proved 
by the presentation of the greater part of the land required for a 
public park We assure you that the gift will be highly appreciated 
by the people of Cardiff, and will afford them means of recreation 
which will contribute greatly to their health and enjoyment. As 
custodians of the land, we assure you that every effort will always be 
made to maintain and preserve the same as a public park in a manner 
worthy of the donor. Cardiff is a place enshrined m historical record 
since the time of the Conquest. Since the first dock was opened in 
the year 1S39, by your late noble father, its population has risen from 
7,000 to upwards of 117,000; and from a small town it has become 
the third port in the United Kingdom ; and it boasts of Docks which, 
both for capacity and construction, are amongst the best in the world. 
Its export of coal is the largest in the Empire, and its rateable value 
is not less than _;^620,000. The splendour of its public and private 
buildings, the magnificence of its streets, its unsurpassed water supply, 
its sanitary arrangements, its University College, its Free I^ibrary, 
Museum, and Schools for Science and Art, and, above all, the enter- 
prise of its inhabitants, incontestably stamp it as the Metropolis of 
Wales. We refer with pride to the spirited policy adopted by your 
Lordship in furthering the interests of the Town and Port of Cardiff, 
and we heartily congratulate you upon the completion and opening 
to-day of the new Roath Dock, which will tend to further develope 
and give increased advantages to the shipping interests of the Port 
The sagacious and far-sighted policy your late noble father originated, 
together with your own untiring efforts, have resulted in the establish- 
ment of a vast coal and shipping trade, of which we are justly proud, 
and rejoice further in the fact of its rapid development having stamped 



I20 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

the Port and Borough as one of great and increasing importance. We 
hope that the warm feelings which your visits to Cardiff have called 
forth from all classes have proved to your Lordship how sincerely 
they welcome the presence of yourself and the members of your 
family in their midst, and how gladly they seize upon every oppor- 
tunity of expressing their esteem and regard towards 3'our noble 
House. We hope that you will long enjoy the blessings of health 
and strength, and that in time to come you will realise how truly 
your generosity is appreciated by the inhabitants of Cardiff. 

Votes of thanks for land at Roath Park given by Lord Tredegar, 
Major and Mrs. Jackson, and Mr. and Mrs. Godfrey Clarke. 

Permission has been granted for holding the Cardiff Dog Show 
in the Market. 

Trinity House, London, E.C. 

22nd July 1SS7. 

Sir, — I have laid your letter, dated the 14th instant, before the 
Board, and in reply am to inform you that the charge of £2 per 
twenty-four hours for marking and lighting a wreck is, in the opinion 
of the Elder Brethren, a reasonable one. As regards your enquir}' as 
to whether the Elder Brethren would undertake the watching and 
lighting of any future wreck that may occur in the Channel, I am 
desired to state that the Elder Brethren, while perfectly ready to 
afford such assistance to Local Authorities as may be in their power 
compatibly with the duties and interests of their own service, are quite 
unable to state any terms or enter into any agreement in respect of 
watching or lighting any wrecks that ma}- occur in water out of their 
jurisdiction, but that they will be prepared to consider any case on its 
merits when brought before them. — I am, Sir, your obedient servant. 

Chas. a. Kent, 

Cor. Secretary. 

Watch Committee are to prevent the recurrence of the obstruc- 
tion in Church Street opposite the Old Arcade entrance, on market 
days. 

Resolved That the Corporation buoys be painted and lettered 
" Cardiff Corporation," so that they may be identified in the event of 
their breaking their moorings. 

Committee accepted a tender for showing the necessary signals 
day and night on any wreck within the Corporation limits. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 121 

Committee approved Mr. J. S. Corbett's plan for an arch across 
North Road, having a carriage-way of 32 feet with footpaths on either 
side. 

David Vaughan, Assistant Inspector, is appointed Inspector of 
Nuisances, at a salary of ^100, anfi Inspector of the Port Sanitary 
Authority at £^0 per annum. 

1887 September 12. 

Council tenders to His Worship the Mayor (Sir Morgan Morgan) 
its hearty congratulations upon the distinguished honour of Knight- 
hood which has been conferred upon him by Her Most Gracious 
Majesty the Queen in commemoration of her jubilee, and sincerely 
trusts that His Worship and Lady Morgan may live long to enjoy the 
honour conferred upon them. 

1887 September 19. 

Letter from Mr. H, L. Grover, the Deputy Coroner. He has 
had the melancholy duty of holding an inquest upon the body of Lady 
Walker, who died from the effects of injuries caused by being thrown 
out of a dog-cart in Queen Street opposite the T.V. R. Offices, just 
before passing under the bridge. He informs the Corporation of his 
Jury's recommendation that the slippery pitching on the road at that 
spot should be taken up, so as to lessen the danger to life and limb. 
(Referred to the Public Works Committee.) 

Corporation accepts terms formulated in a letter from Mr. James 
Andrew Corbett on behalf of Lord Bute. Subject to the Corporation 
permitting the proposed restoration of the Senghenydd Gate, the 
Marquess will accept ^5,000 for the land required to widen North 
Street, and will build the boundar}' wall according to his own design. 
The Corporation will convey to His Lordship the small strip of land 
between the Glove and Shears Inn and the new line of North Street, 
and the iS yards opposite the Corporation land which was retained 
by Lord Bute on the setting back of the eastern side of North Street. 

Asphalt is to be substituted for the pitching in Caroline Street. 

Council memorialise the Charity Commissioners, to the effect 
that the Commissioners' draft scheme for the re-organisation of the 
Craddock Wells Charity is at variance with the Will and intention of 
the founder, and that the funds should be specially devoted to the 
wants of the poor boys and girls of Cardiff. 



122 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Letter from Mr. Arthur J. Harris, Clerk to the Llandaff Highway 
Board. The Board suggest to the Corporation the advisability of 
building a bridge across the river Taffat Llystalybont, midway between 
the bridges at Cardiff and Llandaff. The public at present have a 
right of fordway across the river at the point connecting the road from 
Cardiff and the Merthyr turnpike-road, near Maindy, with the road 
leading past the old House of Mercy to Llandaff Mill. This right is not 
openly admitted by Lord Bute, through whose land the highways and 
fordway pass ; and it, in conjunction with another similar right higher 
up the river, has been for some time past the subject of contention 
between the Highway Board and His Lordship. In the course of 
friendly negociations it has become evident that, to get rid of the 
troublesome right which the public at present possess. Lord Bute 
would consent to the making of a bridge, and would give the land 
necessary for providing proper roads thereto on either side. This 
would not only afford an alternative road to Llandaff, but would 
shorten the route from Roath, Cathays and the north-eastern parts of 
the Borough. Llandaff cannot bear the entire cost of the proposed 
bridge, in addition to the maintenance of its approaches; nor can the 
County of Glamorgan contribute more than half the cost of the bridge. 
Lord Bute is not prepared to do more than give the land. He will 
permit, but does not desire, the improvement, which will invade his 
privacy but not increase the value of an}' property which he desires 
to place in the market. The Board therefore ask the Corporation to 
contribute. (Referred to Committee to report.) 

John Alexander Wood is appointed clerk in the Borough 
Treasurer's Department, in the place of G. W. Newbery resigned. 
Salary 15s. per week. 

The attention of omnibus proprietors is to be called to the new 
route from Wood Street via Tudor Road to Canton. 

Vehicles plying for hire between Cardiff and Barry, Cadoxton 
&c., are to take out licences. 

1SS7 October 10 

On account of the increase of traffic, the Weighing Machine is to 
be removed from Oueen Street. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 

List of Members of Council. 

The Mayor (Sir Morgan Morgan ; 



Aldcr:ncn 



Daniel Jones, 
William Taylor, 
Daniel Lewis, 
John McConnochie, 
David Duncan, 



Richard Cory, 
Thomas Vaughan Yoratli, 
Thomas Windsor Jacobs, 
Thomas Waring, 
Patrick William Carey. 



CounciUon 



Andrew Fulton, 
David Edgar Jones, 
David Jones, 
William Sanders, 
Thomas Rees, 
Daniel Lloyd Lougher, 
John Guy Proger, 
William Edmund Vaughan, 
William John Trounce, 
Ebenezer Beavan, 
Valentine Trayes, 
Charles James Jackson, 
Thomas Reynolds, 
Solomon Andrews, 



Dominick McGettrick Watson, 

John Amice Le Boulanger, 

Joseph Ramsdale, 

William Callow Hurley, 

Thomas Oliver, 

Thomas Morel, 

Samuel Arthur Brain, 

John William Alfred Stevens, 

Richard Price, 

l"om Hurry Riches, 

William Burrow, 

Samuel Mildon, 

Edward William Shackell, 

George Hopkins, 



Peter Price. 

Edward Walford, M.D., is appointed Medical Officer of Health 
for the Urban Sanitary Authority, at a salary of ;^300, and for the 
Port Sanitary Authority at ^100 per annum. (Dr. Walford was 
iormerly Medical Officer at Ramsgate.) 

Borough Engineer reports that the river Taff and its aftluents 
are made the carriers of all kinds of refuse and filth from collieries, 
ironworks and sewage. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk be desired to institute pro- 
ceedings under the Rivers Pollution Prevention Act 1S76, against 
the Pontypridd Local Board and the Ystradyfodwg Local Board, for 
causing liquid sewage-matter to flow into the river Taff. 



124 CARDIFF RKC-()RD.S. 

Roath Park CommittLi:' give formal expression to their regret at 
the news of the death of Alderman Daniel Jones. 

After reading a report from the Borough Engineer, the Special 
Parliamentary and Public Works Committee resolve that the}- cannot 
recommend the Corporation to contribute towards the construction of 
the proposed bridge at Llystal^'bont, as the same would be outside the 
Borough. 

1887 November 2. 

Petition to Her Majesty the Ouecn. After congratulating Her 
Majesty on her Jubilee, the Corporation, as " the Municipal Authority 
of the Borough of Cardiff, the largest town and chief port and the 
metropolis of the Principalit}' of Wales," pray that the Queen may be 
graciously pleased to direct Letters Patent or a Royal Charter to be 
issued and granted to the Corporation, according to the Maj'or for the 
time being of Her Majesty's Royal Borough of Cardiff the right, title 
and dignity of "the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of the Borough 
of Cardiff." 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1887-1888. 

1S87 November 9 Wednesday. 

Alderman T. W. Jacobs elected Mayor. Salary /"300. 

Sir Morgan Morgan, Deput3'-Mayor. 

Councillor Andrew Fulton elected Alderman, in the place of 
Daniel Jones deceased. 

Committee appointed to ascertain upon what terms the necessary 
properties can be obtained for opening up the thoroughfare from 
Charles .Street to David Street. 

Parliamentary Committee. Resolved, That the Town Clerk be 
instructed to take such measures as he may deem requisite for the 
purpose of including in the County of Glamorgan the Parishes of 
Rumncy and St. Mellon's, which arc in the District of the Cardiff 
Union and in the County of Monmouth ; also to cause to be included 
in the County of Glamorgan certain lands which are situated on this 
side of the River Rumney but are in the County of Monmouth, and 
certain other lands to be included in the County of Monmouth which 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 135 

are situate on the other side of the River Rumney but are within the 
County of Glamorgan and in the Borough of Cardiff. 

1887 December 12. 

Alderman Duncan writes protesting against the alteration of 
the hour of the Council Meeting from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. He believes 
It is asserted that the change was desirable in order to allow working 
men an opportunity of attending ; but he very much questions the 
desire of any large section of the ratepayers to enjoy such a 
privilege. 

Cardiff Ratepayers' Association write urging the Corporation to 
continue Charles Street through to David Street. 

Councillor E. Beavan called attention to the hoarding or bill- 
posting station on the Newport Road, near the Clifton Street Chapel, 
and urged the desirability of the Corporation acquiring the site, with 
a view to opening up new thoroughfares to Broadway and Piercefield 
Place. (Referred to the Borough Engineer to report ) 

Committee recommend the Council to offer ^3,230 for the 
premises dividing Charles Street from David Street. 

Application was made on behalf of Lord Bute, for a police 
constable to patrol the Castle grounds. The same was allowed. 

1 888 January 9. 

Town Clerk read certain letters from the Society for the 
Abolition of Turnpike Tolls on the South Wales Roads, calling upon 
the Corporation to assist them in this object. 

Vote of regret on the death of Alderman Duncan. 

1888 February i. 

Councillor David Edgar Jones. M.D., is elected Alderman. 

Letter was read from Mr. B. S. Marks with regard to the 
condition of the portraits of two Welsh Judges in the Museum and 
Art Gallery, and asking for permission to restore one of them. 

Resolved, That this offer be accepted, and that Sir Morgan 
Morgan having generously offered to pay the cost of restoring the 
other picture, both gentlemen be thanked for their kindness. 

Borough Engineer is to have the site of the Cardiff Savings Bank 
cellared and levelled and thrown into the street. 



X26 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Notices are to be issued to vendors of fish Sec. in the Hayes, that 
rent will in future be demanded from them. 

Accommodation for the Press is to be provided in the Council 
Chamber. 

The Ystradyfodwg Local Board having intimated their intention 
to bring their sewage to the sea at Cardiff, the Town Clerk is 
instructed to oppose that course. 

Committee decline to light Spital Square as requested by Mr. 
John Lewis, it being private property. 

Council memorialize the Lord Chancellor to allot two out of three 
Assize Courts for South Wales to Cardiff. 

A fish pass will be constructed at f^ly Weir by the Taff and Ely 
Fishery Board. 

1 888 February 20. 

The resolution of gth November last, altering the hour of meeting 
from II a.m. to 5 p.m., was rescinded. 

1 888 March 12. 

Mr. Charles James Jackson, B.L., resigns his seat in the Council, 
and receives a vote of thanks for the services rendered by him to the 
Borough during a period of 5| years. 

Address to their Royal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, on the occasion of their Silver Wedding. 

Petition to Her Majesty the Queen in favour of Cardiff being 
decided upon as one of the centres for the training of hospital nurses, 
under Her Majesty's Jubilee scheme. 

Council approve the Commissioners' scheme for the Craddock 
Wells' Charity, whereby the Governors are to pay /350 per annum to 
the general purposes of the University College of South Wales, and 
£iSO ^ year to the maintenance of scholars who shall have attended 
the public elementary schools of the Borough for at least two years — 
provided this aggregate sum of ^800 a year do not exceed half the 
income of the Charity. 

Petition to Her Majesty the Queen in Privy Council, praying for 
a separate Court of Quarter Sessions for the Borough of Cardiff. 

At this time are recorded a great number of complaints against 
the traction-engine of the Corporation, as a nuisance to the public. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. 127 

Resolved That, inasmuch as a loss of revenue is occasioned to the 
markets by the itinerant vendors, and serious obstruction created 
in the streets, the Council be recommended to take the necessary 
proceedings to collect the street hawking tolls. 

It having been reported that the time ball had only acted once 
since the recent repairs, and that the same did not work satisfactorily 
and had been a source of great trouble and expense since its erection : 
Resolved That the makers be desired to forthwith put same in order, 
and make the time-ball work satisfactorily ; otherwise this Committee 
recommend the Council to have the same removed. 

The Mayor having reported that Mr. Storrie, the Curator of the 
Musuem, had waited upon him with reference to the old Town Hall 
clock, which was lying on the basement floor of the Hall, it was 
Resolved That the Council be recommended to present the clock to 
the Museum. 

18S8 April 9. 

School Board Precept for ^9,800. 

Resolved That the attention of the School Board authorities be 
called to the heavy and rapidly increasing amount of the Precept each 
half year, and the Council beg that they will do their utmost to keep 
their expenses down to the lowest possible point. 

Petition to the President of the Local Government Board, praying 
that Cardiff may be constituted a County under the Local Government 
Bill. 

Two drinking-fountains and troughs are to be erected, opposite 
the new Infirmary and at the junction of VVestgate Street and 
Cowbridge Road. The cost, ^^200, will be defrayed by the ex-Mayor, 
Councillor Alfred Thomas, out of the addition voted to his salary 
during his mayoralty. 

Resolved That the attention of the Head Constable be called to 
the continued obstruction created in Church Street, Trinity Street 
and Victoria Place, and especially to the obstruction in the Hayes on 
market-days, by itinerant vendors, 

18S8 May 14. 

The Corporation became Patrons of the National Eisteddfod of 
Wales, for the meeting at Brecon next year. 



Borougli Engineer reported that the footpath from Roath Church 
to Pen-y-lan had been fenced off on either side, whereby two other 
footpatiis to Llanedern Road iiad been stopped up. 

Resolved Tiiat the Borough Engineer take steps to cause the 
obstruction to be removed. 

iS88 June i. 

Councillor Kennard resigns. Council rescinded the Resolution 
of 14 December 1SS5, which enabled representatives of the Press to 
be present at Committee Meetings. 

iSSS June i i. 

CardifT has now been constituted a County in itself. 

Council accede to the request of Mr. W. H. St. John Hope, 
Secretary of the Ro3'al .Society of Antiquaries, for the loan of one of 
the large and one of the small maces belonging to the Corporation, for 
the purposes of an Exhibition of Civic Insignia. 

Vote of regret on the death of His Imperial Majesty the Emperor 
of Germany. 

Town Clerk reported that a difficulty had arisen with regard to 
the conveyance from Lord Bute to the Corporation of land for the 
North Street improvements. It appeared that part of the land 
running from the Pound towards North Street Bridge was a part of 
the Castle Grounds, under the Will of the late Marquess, in which 
case it would seem that the Trustees had no power to sell this strip. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk be instructed to carry out the 
purchase, notwithstanding the above defect in the title, upon taking 
an indemnity from Lord Bute in respect of the purchase money. 

Borough Engineer's report as to a suitable site for a Pound was 
postponed for further consideration. 

Mr. W. Hughes Morris, Hon. Secretary of the Cardiff Footpaths 
Preservation Society, writes calling the Public Works Committee's 
attention to the fact that Mr. Williams, of Pengam Farm, a tenant of 
Lord Tredegar, has enclosed a good deal of the land at Pen-y-lan, 
thereby stopping certain footpaths. The Town Clerk reported that 
Mr. Williams had agreed to re-open one of the footpaths, but not the 
other. 

Resolved That the resolution arrived at by this Committee at its 
last meeting be strictly adhered to (vuic aii/c). 



COUNCIL iMINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 129 

Messrs. Davis & Lloyd, Solicitors for Lord Tredegar, write 
that they had (without prejudice) arranged with Mr. Thomas Williams, 
the tenant of Pengam, that the footpath from the top of the main 
footpath from Roath Mill to Pen-y-lan, towards Llwyn-y-grant Isaf, 
should be forthwith opened; but that they see no reason for admitting 
the alleged right of the public through any other portion of the same 
field. 

Resolved That consideration thereof be deferred, in order that 
the Borough Engineer may enquire as to the user of the footpath in 
question by the inhabitants of Llanedern. 

An application from the Postmaster, Mr. F. C. Webber, to erect 
a pillar letter-bo.x near the Mason's Arms inn, in Queen Street, was 
granted. 

Resolved, That the Borough Engineer be desired to have the 
grass on the Flat Holm cut and harvested. 

iSSS July 9. 

Public meeting has protested against the exclusion of the Press 
from Committee meetings. 

The Council of Judges has decided that the Criminal Assizes for 
Glamorganshire m the Autumn shall be held at Cardiff and Swansea 
alternately. 

Letter from Mr. Charles Conway with reference to the two 
portraits of gentlemen in Judge's robes, recently restored ; together 
with a description of the pictures, prepared by Mr. John Storrie, 
Curator of the Museum : — 

Portrait of John, 2nd Marquess of Bute. 
It represents the late Marquess in the dress of the last genera- 
tion, with the addition of a very large cloak of Stuart tartan, lined 
with red, and a crutch-handled cane, standing on a sandy shore, with 
the Kyles of Bute in the distance. The inscription : " This portrait 
was presented to the town of Cardiff by Lieut. -Colonel Crichton 
Stuart, M.P., 1S59." 

Portrait of Judge Hardinge. 
This portrait hung in the old Town Hall, and after its demolition 
the portrait was stored, along with another, in the gallery of the Nisi 
Prius Court. The damp completely destroyed the frame, and also 



13° CARDIFF RECORDS. 

damaged the picture. About four years ago I happened to see it 
lying there and brought it over to the Museum, where I washed it 
and hung it up, till it was stnt lately to Messrs. Conway to be 
restored. This is the portrait which Mr. G. T. Clark, of Tal-y-garn, 
mentions in his "Glamorgan Worthies" as having been once a 
portrait of Admiral Button, of Cardiff and Worlton, a distinguished 
Arctic navigator, and officer in the Navy of James I. and Charles I. 
Mr. Clark states that the Corporation, wishing to do honour to 
Mr. Justice Hardinge, who was a great favourite here and a noted 
Welsh Judge at end of last century, engaged a limner to paint his 
portrait on the top of an old portrait in their possession, said to have 
been that of Admiral I^utton ; and that the limner added a red cloak 
and a wig to the gallant admiral, transformed his baton to a roll of 
paper, and made certain other alterations, as he states, " to do honour 
to Themis at the expense of Neptune." It is certain that this portrait 
is painted over an older one, whether Admiral Button's or not. By 
comparing it with the undoubted portrait of the admiral at Coedriglan, 
it is easy to see that all resemblance is now lost ; and if the Corpora- 
tion wish to have a portrait of Admiral Button for the Town Hall, 
the easiest way will be to have a replica painted from the one in 
possession of Mr. G. M. Traherne of Coedriglan. Admiral Button is 
certainly the best man that Cardiff has produced, and, as Mr. Clark 
says, "it is little to her credit that no memorial of him adorns her 
Council Chamber, or greets the mariner that steps ashore at her port." 
I ought to say that this portrait ha=, been considerably improved by 
being cleaned and relined. 

Portrait of Judge ■ 

Painted by T. Hudson, 1746, the celebrated English portrait- 
painter, and instructor of Sir Joshua Reynolds. It is stated, on what 
authority I know not, to be a portrait of Chief Justice Lee, who 
sentenced David Morgan of Coed-y-gores. and others, for participa- 
tion in the rebellion of 1745. I regret that the face in this picture 
has lost some of the dignity and grace that it had before restoration. 
This picture was stored with the last, and suffered great injury from 
damp. 

Resolved That the two paintings be suitably framed ; and that 
the best thanks of this Council be conveyed to Sir Morgan Morgan 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-1897. 131 

and Mr. B. S. Marks, for tht-ir kindness in paying the cost of restoring 
the pictures. 

Mr. Storrie further reports : — 

In the Assembly Room there is a large blazon of the Royal 
Arms, framed. It has the letters G. II., for George the Second. It 
was brought from the old Town Hall that stood in the middle of High 
Street, where it hung over the Judge's seat. It is believed to have 
been painted about 1750. Painter unknown. 

A very large picture, by Frank Howard, a son of the Secretary 
to the Royal Academy. It represents an episode in the history of 
Cardiff, which occurred in the year 115S. Ivor Cadivor, known as 
Ivor Bach, or the Little, considering himself unjustly treated by the 
Earl of Gloucester, determined to surprise the Castle, and carried out 
his plans with complete success. The picture shows him, sword in 
hand, dictating to Earl William the terms of peace, which are said to 
have been, ist Re-granting the right of the Welsh to be governed 
according to their old Laws and Customs ; and 2nd Renouncing 
certain territory which Ivor considered himself unjustly deprived uf. 
The Earl and Countess and child appear struck with terror in the 
foreground, while an aged figure on the right, supposed to represent 
Robert Curthose, the eldest son of William the Conqueror, who was 
imprisoned here, is seen leaning on a harp. Duke Robert, however, 
was dead and buried 24 years before the time of Ivor Bach's exploit. 
The history of this picture is as follows. About 50 years ago it 
was determined to decorate certain corridors in the new Houses of 
Parliament with paintings of historical scenes, and this picture was 
one of those painted for the competition ; but the late Duke of 
Wellington, who was the umpire chosen to judge the pictures sent 
in, rejected this one. The artist then attempted to sell it elsewhere, 
and finally made an offer of it to the Cardiff Corporation, who appear 
to have had then no funds; till at last in despair at the expense of 
moving such an enormous picture about the country, he made a final 
proposal to the Corporation, that if they were willing to pay ^50 for 
the frame he would present the picture to them. During the time 
this offer was being considered the artist died, and the picture is still 
here. 

Large portrait of Sir Herbert Mackworth, bart., of Gnoll Castle, 
M.P. for Cardiff 1754 — 1790. He is represented with the Muster 



132 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Roll of the Glamorgan Militia in his hand, of which he was Colonel. 
He was raised to the baronetage in 1759. Painter's name unknown. 
I have not been able to ascertain how the Corporation became 
possessed of this picture. 

1888 August 13. 

The freedom of the Borough, and the certificate thereof in a 
jewelled casket, was presented to Mr. Alfred Thomas, M.P. 

Letter Irom Count Hatzfeldt, the German Ambassador, acknow- 
ledging the Corporation's vote of condolence on the death of the late 
Emperor Frederick of Germany. 

Resolution of the Free Library and Museum Committee urges 
upon the Corporation the necessity for extendmg the buildings of the 
Library, Museum and Art Gallery. (Consideration deferred). 

A motion in favour of the re-admission of the Press to Committee 
meetings was defeated by a large majority. 

Borough Engineer reported as to the proposed acquisition by the 
Corporation of land on the Canal Wharf for the purpose of widening 
the roadway on the East Wharf. 

Resolved that the Town Clerk be desn-ed to write Mr. Jonas 
Watson stating that, on reference to an ancient Plan, it appears that 
the land in question belongs to the Corporation, although they have 
not received any rent from Mr. Watson therefor. 

The old ditch on the north side of the road from Roath Church 
to Pen-y-lan Road is being filled up and a footpath formed over same, 
and the waste land intervening is being thrown into the carriage-way. 
(Albany Road improvements). 

18S8 October 8. 

Thomas Windsor Jacobs, Mayor. 

Aldcnncii 

William Taylor, Thomas Vaughan Yorath, 

Daniel Lewis, Thomas Waring, 

Ji.ihn McConnocliie, Patrick William Carey, 

Richard Cory, Andrew Fulton, 

David Edgar Jones. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897 
Councillors 



David Jones, 
William Sanders, 
Robert Bird, 
Thomas Rees, 
Daniel Lloyd Lougher, 
John Guy Proger, 
Joseph Ramsdale, 
Joseph Reynalt James, 
Thomas Oliver, 
Thomas Morel, 
Samuel Arthur Brain, 
Richard Price, 
Tom Hurry Riches, 
William Burrow, 
Samuel Mildon, 



Edward William Shackell, 

William P^dmund Vaughan, 

William John Trounce, 

Ebenezer Beavan, 

Sir Morgan Morgan, 

Thomas Reynolds, 

John Amice Le Boulanger, 

George Hopkins, 

Peter Price, 

Francis John Beavan, 

William Benjamin Gibbs, 

Edward Heme, 

Joseph Henr}' Jones, 

Alfred Rees, 

David Richards. 



Joseph Larke Wheatley, Town Clerk. 

Inspector of Weights and Measures reports that vessels carrying 
petroleum, gunpowder or dynamite are discharged in the Old Canal. 

Public Works Special Sub-Committee recommend the Corpor- 
ation to purchase the land claimed by Mr. Jonas Watson, on the East 
Wharf, between the towing-path and the road. 

Town Clerk reported that he had received notice of a claim for 
£6 and damages alleged to have been caused by a tumultuous and 
riotous mob assembled outside No. 70 Coburn Street, Cathays, in the 
occupation of David Churchill Forsey, bootmaker, from William 
White, the trustee of Forsey's estate under a deed of assignment for 
the benefit of creditors. (Referred to the Head Constable to report). 

Resolved that the Head Constable's attention be directed to the 
depredations committed by juvenile thieves, especially in the neigh- 
bourhood of Newport Road, Roath. 

18S8 November 2. 

In accordance with a request from the Lord Mayor of London, 
the Mayor will order a banner with the arms of Cardiff, to be 
included in the series of municipal flags for the British Court of the 
Paris Exhibition. 



134 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Cardiff Council Minutes. 1888-1889. 

iSSS November 9 Friday. 

Councillor David Jones elected Mayor ; salary ^/^jOO. 

Alderman Daniel Lewis Deputy Mayor. 

Vote of thanks to Councillor Sir Morgan Morgan, for his gift of a 
portrait of himself, painted by Mr. B. S. Marks. 

25 guineas added to the Mayor's salary, for the purpose of 
awarding prizes at the Cardiff Fat Cattle Show. 

Owners and residents at Salt Mead call attention to the state of 
Clare Street. 

Arran Street and other thoroughfares on the Mackintosh Estate 
are being completed. 

The Coedriglan Estate and other land in Castle Road is to be 
purchased of Mr. Traherne and Mr. J. G. R. Homfray, for the 
widening of the said road. 

Council memorialize the County Justices to locate the Court of 
Quarter Sessions for the County at Cardiff. 

1SS8 December 10. 

The following honorary members were added to the Free Library 
and Museum Committee : — Messrs. Dr. Vachell, Rev. W. Winks, 
Peter Davies, Dr. Wallace, W. H. Thomas, Ronnfeldt, J. L. Wheatley, 
Rev. J. Williamson, Marcus Gunn, T. H. Thomas, R. VV. Atkinson, 
Rev. John Hayde. 

Branch Library and Reading Room to be established in Roath 
Ward. 

Resolved That it be an instruction to the Borough Engineer to 
have number-plates affi.xed facing each chair in the Council Chamber, 
corresponding with the progressive number of each Member of the 
Council on the official list published by the Town Clerk, and keys to 
:he drawers. 

Resolved That the General Manager of the G.W. R. Co. be again 
urged to comply with the wishes of the inhabitants of Cardiff, as laid 
before his Directors by the Mayor and Corporation from time to time, 
by having the central station at Cardiff made an open one, and 
permitting public access from Penarth Road and Wood Street, and by 
the erection of a station at Roath. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 135 

Resolved That the Parliamentary Committee prepare and submit 
to Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen a petition praying; that Her 
Majesty's Letters Patent, or a Royal Charter, may be granted to the 
Borough of Cardiff, as the metropolis of the Principality of Wales, 
the dignity and title of a city. 

Letter from the Standards Department of the Board of Trade 
with reference to the drinking-vessel known locally as a " blue," 
stating that, as there was no Board of Trade standard of the "blue," 
or one-third of a quart, the Inspector of Weights and Measures would 
have no power to stamp measures of such denomination for use in 
trade. 

Resolved That it be an instruction to the Inspector of Weights 
and Measures not to stamp the " blue " in future 

Committee considered the question of removing the old timber at 
the horse-fair at Canton. 

Property and Markets Committee decided not to invite further 
tenders for watching and lighting wrecks. 

32 St. Mary Street, Cardiff. 

19th November lS88. 
Dear Mr. Wheatley, 

The re-print of the Beaufort Progress, 16S4, just out, contains an 
illustration of the Common Seal of the Town of Cardiff. As I do not 
see the name of any member of the Corporation amongst the subscribers, 
it is possible this may not come to your notice. In some measure it 
bears out what I had to say upon the subject when writing you 
concerning the Charters. A copy of the book is in the Free Library ; 
you will find the illustration page 357. I think it is a pity the more 
interesting of the Charters cannot be re-produced by the same means 
— or, for that matter, all of them, and especially the very interesting 
MSS. extcnte in your hands ; but to do this the documents would have 
to be entrusted to the firm by whom this book is produced, and 
who, in addition to their great skill in such matters, may be and are 
entrusted with most rare deeds for a similar purpose. The arms are 
those of De Clare, Earls of Gloucester ; but the supporters are, I 
think, the lyoncels of Jestyn ab Gwrgan. The shape of the shield 
and the character of the lettering are, I think, the earlier part of the 
14th century. It is possible the Seal itself may have been given up at 
the same time as the deed of surrender to which it was affixed, and 



,^6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

that the smaller steel die which I have seen in your office may have 
been obtained and used subsequently until the royal grant of a new 
seal or the confirmation of the old one should be given. I suggest 
this as a possible reason only for the loss of that seal, which was the 
very symbol that such a " Comune " as Cardiff existed. 
Very truly yours. 

Geo. E. Robinson. 
J. L. Wheatley, Esq. 

Consideration of the above letter was deferred, and subsequently 
postponed. 

Resolved That the Council be recommended to accept the offer 
of Lord Bute as to the following open spaces, on condition that his 
Lordship enclose and lay out and properly fence the same to the 
satisfaction of the Borough Engineer and properly convey the same 
to the Corporation, who will refund to his Lordship any sum he may 
have paid for private improvements in respect thereof and undertake 
to maintain such open spaces for all future time : — 

Loudoun Square, Senghenj^dd Gardens 

Bute Esplanade, (North and South', 

Adamsdown Square, Llanbleddian Gardens, 

Clare Gardens, Ruthin Gardens, 

Despencer Gardens, Plasturton Gardens. 

Howard Gardens, 

1S89 January 14. 

/400 added to the Mayor's salary. 

Committee formed to make arrangements for presenting the 
Honorary Freedom to the Right Honourable William Ewart 
Gladstone, M.P. 

Mr. A. H. CoUmgwood resigns the post of Deputy Town Clerk, 
on his appointment to the Town Clerkship of Carlisle. 

Council memorialize Lord Salisbury, the Premier, on the urgent 
necessity for the construction of adequate military defences for the 
coal ports in the Bristol Channel. 

The Corporation have given the Marquess of Bute notice of their 
intention to purchase Leckwith Common. His Lordship is Lord of 
the Manor of Leckwith, and very nearly the sole commoner there. 

John Davis Williams to be appointed Deputy Town Clerk, salary 
^200. Mr. Williams is in the office of the Town Clerk of Denbigh. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-1897. 137 

1889 March 11. 

Resolution of regret on the death of the Right Honourable John 
Bright, M.P. 

Vote of thanks to Mr. John Lloyd and others, for the public 
service rendered by them in procuring the final abolition of turnpike 
tolls in South Wales. 

At the expiration of two months the Borough Engineer is to take 
down the old buildings adjoining the Free Library, in Trinity Street 
and Working Street. 

Borough Engineer is to prepare the necessary plans and 
drawings for a new bridge over the Roath Brook, on the Pen-y-lan 
Road. 

Head Constable is granted six weeks' leave of absence on account 
of his health. 

1889 April 8. 

Resolution of regret and condolence on the death of Alderman 
McConaochie, J. P. 

Precept from the School Board for ^10,500, for the expenses of 
the Board for the ensuing six months. 

Asylums Committee formed, Alderman John Cory chairman 

Mr. Gladstone has intimated that he is unable to visit Cardiff", but 
will be pleased if the presentation of the Freedom can be made to him 
at Sir E J. Reed's London residence. 

Resolved accordingly ; and the Freedom is to be presented in a 
gold casket, to be purchased by voluntary subscriptions. 

1889 April 17. 

It was proposed by Councillor J. H. Jones that Saint Mary Street 
be in future called High Street, and that the present High Street with 
St. Mary Street be numbered continuously ; but a contrary amendment 
was carried. 

The Council's attention was called to a Resolution of 12 Decem- 
ber 1SS7, that the Borough Engineer furnish a yearly statement of 
the Corporation property. The instruction is now renewed. 

A motion by Councillors Thomas Rees and Sanders, for fixing 10 
a.m. as the hour for meetings of the Council, was lost. 

Town Clerk submitted the sclieme of the Charity Commissioners 
for dealing with the property of the dissolved Corporation of the 



13S CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Constable of the Castle, Portreeve, Aldermen and Burgesses of 
Llantrisant in the County of Glamorgan. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk oppose the above scheme so far 
as the same relates to the Freemen's Roll, and that application be 
made to the Commissioners to place the said Roll in the custody 
of the Corporation of Cardiff. 

Mr. Spiridion is to repair the maces, at a cost of £T). 

Resolved That the boundary of the Borough be enlarged by the 
inclusion of the following parishes, viz., Penarth, Cogan and Llandough, 
comprising the district of the Penarth Local Board ; so much of the 
parish of Llanishen as lies on the east side of the Rhymney Railway ; 
the parish of Rumney ; the parish of Leckwith, and so much of the 
parish of Llandaff as lies to the south of the river Ely. 

A license was granted to Mr. William John for the Grand 
Theatre, recently constructed in VVestgate Street. 

1889 May 13. 

Vote of condolence with the widow of the late Head Constable, 
Mr. Walter Hemingway. 

The attention of the Health Committee is called to the nuisance 
caused by the smoke from the Ely Paper Mills. 

Resolved That the Borough be further enlarged by the inclusion 
of so much of the parish of Llanedern as stands northwards to the 
present boundary of the Borough, and bounded by the parish of 
Rumney on tlie east, the parish of Llanishen on the west, and so 
far northwards as the course of the brook called Nant Glan Dulas. 

1S89 June 3. 

District Rate is. \d. in the £. 

Common Seal to be affixed to the Honorary Freedom of the 
County Borough of Cardiff, for the Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P. 

The re-admission of the Press to Committee Meetings was 
carried by a large majority. 

Florentine sun-blinds are to be fitted to the windows of the 
Town Clerk's office. 

1889 June 26. 

To be included in the borough extension scheme : That part of 
the parish of Llandaff lying east of and including the Rhymney 
Railway. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. 139 

William McKenzie is appointed Head Constable and Director of 
the Fire Brigade of the Borough of Cardiff; salary ;/^400. 

Borough Treasurer reported to the Watch Committee that there 
were certain deficits in the accounts ot the late Head Constable, 
amounting in all to ^376. 19s. od. It was therefore resolved not to 
pay over to his widow the gratuity of /"400, one year's salary, as 
previously voted. 

Borough Engineer reported that considerable damage had been 
done to the allotments land on Canton Common by cattle trespassing 
thereon. 

Resolved That trespassers be proceeded against and stray cattle 
impounded, if found on the said land. 

1889 July S. 

Council to represent to the Monmouthshire County Council the 
desirability of removing the old toll-bar cottage on the north- 
west side of Rumney Bridge, adjoining the County Borough, 
and throwing the site thereof and the garden adjoining into the 
highway. 

Land near Pengani Bridge is being acquired for widening 
Newport Road. 

Borough Engineer reported that he had had an interview with 
Mr. Henry John Davis, of Newport, in reference to the proposed 
enclosure of a portion of the old village green in front of Roath 
Church. 

Cabs Committee resolved That the Town Clerk write the local 
Directors of the Tramway Co. calling attention to the necessity of 
employing a pilot horse to draw the cars up the hill in Bute Street. 

18S9 September 9. 

Resolution of regret and condolence on the death of Councillor 
J. A. Le Boulanger, J. P. 

Bus route from North Street to Blackweir is extended to Maendy 
and Whitchurch. 

First Meeting of Electric Lighting Committee, 30 September, 
recommended the Council to oppose the schemes of various companies 
for supplying the electric light to Cardiff. 



CARDIFF RECORDS 

October 14. 

Mayor (Councillor David j 

Aldcrnun 
William Taylor, 



Richard Cory, 

Thomas Vaughan Yorath, 

Thomas Windsor Jacobs, 



Thomas Waring, 
Daniel Lewis, 
Patrick William Carey, 
Andrew Fulton, 



David Edgar Jones. 



Coiiucilloys 

William Burrow, 

Samuel Mildon, 

Edward William Shackell, 

George Hopkins, 

Peter Price, 

Francis John Beavan, 

William Benjamin Gibbs, 

Edward Heme, 

Joseph Henry Jones, 

Alfred Rees, 

David Richards, 

Frederick Henry Jotham, 

William Lewis. 

Henry Lascelles Carr, 

James Tucker. 



William Sanders, 

Robert Bird, 

Thomas Rees, 

John Guy Proger, 

William Edmund Vaughan, 

William John Trounce, 

Ebenezer Beavan, 

Sir Morgan Morgan, 

Thomas Reynolds, 

Joseph Ramsdale, 

Joseph Reynault James, 

Thomas Morel, 

Samuel Arthur Brain, 

Richard Price, 

Tom Hurry Riches, 

J. L. Wheatley, Town Clerk. 
^■7,000 to the School Board. 

The land around Penhill reservoir is to be planted with shrubs 
by Mr. William Treseder. 

The Medical Officer of Health reports on the " Havannah " 
Industrial School Ship. She is an old Government frigate, built in 
the year 1S14, and lent by the Admiralty to the Cardiff Ragged School. 
She was brought from Devonport in 1S60. and berthed in an 
excavation made for her in the bank of the River Taff. The tide was 
banked out and she was placed in her present position on the 
Dumballs, on an acre of ground which was filled in and enclosed. 
It would be unwise to incur any considerable expense in endeavouring 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 141 

to improve the condition of this ship. In their report for 1SS8, the 
" Havannah " Committee allude to the vessel as a " decaying hulk," 
and state that "age and weather have rendered her top-sides too 
rotten to be made water-tight by caulking." 

Borough Engineer is to submit plan and estimate of cost of 
fencing and laying out the old village green opposite Roath Church. 
(N.B. Previous entries refer to the land in question as "portion of 
the old village green.") 

1SS9 November 2. 

Resolved That such part of the proceedings of the Parks &c. 
Committee as recommends that a dwarf wall be erected round the 
open space near Roath Church be eliminated. 

Letter from Mr. J. A. Corbett applying, on behalf of Mr. G. T. 
Clark, for permission to inspect the original Charters belonging to the 
Corporation. 

The Council has pleasure in granting permission to the person 
to be appointed by Mr. G T. Clark, to examine the Charters, in the 
Town Clerk's Office, 

Councillor Carr moved that the Mayor's banquet, hitherto held 
on the 9th November, be discontinued. 

Resolved accordingly, after defeat of an amendment which would 
have made the banquet optional. 

Resolved That a subscription banquet in honour of the incoming 
Mayor shall be arranged by the Town Clerk, the price not to exceed 
I05. 6d. per head, exclusive of wines; to take place on 9 November, 
18S9, 

Committee appointed to arrange about the Judges' accommoda- 
tion and to consider the question of a Mansion House for the Borough. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1889-1890. 

1889 November 9 Friday. 

Councillor William Sanders elected Mayor. Salary ^150. 

The ex-Mayor, Alderman David Jones, J. P., appointed Deputy 
Mayor. 

Resolved That the Quarterly Meetings of the Council for the 
ensuing year be held at 5 p.m. instead of 11 a.m. 



142 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Resolved That the portion of Canton Common recent!}' acquired 
by the Corporation, situate north of the Great Western Railway, be 
forthwith levelled and made suitable for recreative purposes. 

Deputation from the Corporation of Worcester attended the 
General Purposes Committee to ask for support to the Bill for the 
Improvement of the Severn Waterway. (Consideration adjourned.) 

Frank Julius Schroeter appointed junior clerk in the Town 
Clerk's Department. 

Town Clerk reported that he had received notice of the intention 
of Dr. Taylor to test the validity of the recent election of Aldermen. 
He is to take all necessary steps to defend the action of the 
Corporation. 

Deputation from the Chamber of Commerce and the merchants 
of Cardiff attends a subsequent meeting of the General Purposes 
Committee, to support the project of the Severn Commissioners. 
They are of opinion that the projected improvements in the river 
Severn are calculated to be of immense advantage to CardiiT in 
bringing the manufactures of the Midlands to this port for export, 
and in facilitating the distribution through that district of the 
products imported here. 

Resolved That the sum of ^500 be voted for assisting the Bill in 
Parliament. 

Resolved That this Committee recommend the Council to invest 
_^5,ooo in the proposed scheme, subject to terms to be arranged for 
the protection of the interests of Cardiff. 

Stacey Road &c. to be planted with trees. 

Newport Road to be widened opposite Rosemount. 

Mr. Miles Aspinall is permitted to give his services gratuitously 
in the Borough Engineer's Office. 

Borough Engineer submitted certain correspondence he had had 
with the Board of Trade in reference to the rights of the Crown in 
the foreshore recently reclaimed at Grangetown, from which it 
appeared that the land had been acquired by the Marquis of Bute. 

Resolved That the Mayor and Town Clerk be desired to confer 
with the Board of Trade on the subject when next in London. 

Sub-Committee re Allotments. Resolved That the maximum 
quantity of land let as allotments shall be 20 perches to each 
individual, who must be a Burgess of the County Borough of 
Cardiff. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 143 

18S9 December 9. 

Council thanks Lord Bute for his gift of land in Cathays Terrace, 
between Woodville Road and Minister Street. 

General District Rate is. in the £. 

Town Clerk reported that Mr. G. T. Clark of Tal-y-garn had 
presented to the Corporation Vol. I. of his new work on the Charters 
of Glamorgan. 

Common Seal affixed to an Agreement with The Mackintosh and 
Mrs. Mackintosh for the sale of land at Plas-newydd, for the purpose 
of Albany Road improvements. 

Borough Engineer is to carry out the approved plans for the 
widening of Pen-y-lan Road and the construction of a new bridge over 
the Roath Brook adjoining Roath Park. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk make further enquiries and refer 
to certain old reports upon the subject of the foreshore of the river 
Taff near Penarth Road and opposite to the " Havannah " ship, upon 
which Lord Bute desired the Corporation to tip refuse. 

Letter from the Allotments and Small Holdings Association, 
calling attention to the desirability of preserving charitable donations 
to the poor from being lost, and asking that a list thereof should be 
recorded by the Corporation. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk be desired to ask the Vicars of 
the various parishes in Cardiff whether there are any such charitable 
donations in their respective parishes, and, if so, to give particulars. 

At a subsequent meeting of the Parliamentary Committee the 
Town Clerk read letters from the Vicar of Roath and other local 
clergymen, stating that there were no charitable gifts in connection 
with their parochial districts ; also a letter from the Rev. C. J. 
Thompson, Vicar of Saint John's, as follows : — " The only charity I 
can give you information about is one called Maddocks' Charity, 
which I formerly received, but payment of which was stopped by 
Sir Arthur Mackworth some eight or ten years ago. The amount 
annually paid was, I think, only about £^ per annum. It was for the 
relief of the poor. Sir Arthur Mackworth's agent simply refused 
payment, and I did not take steps to compel it." 

1890 January 13. 

Council thanks Mr. James Howell for his gift of a prize bullock 
to the poor of Cardiff. 



14) CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Letter from G. T. Clark, esq., of Tal-j'-garn, calling attention to 
the condition of the original Cliarters of Cardiff, and making sugges- 
tions for their renovation, the expense whereof he was prepared to 
bear. 

Resolved That the Charters be entrusted to Mr. Clark for that 
purpose, and that the best thanks of this Council be given to him for 
his offer. 

Vicar Thompson calls the Parliamentary Committee's attention to 
the list of Benefactions hung up in Saint John's Church. 

Resolved That inquiries should be made, with a view of obtaining 
further information hereon. 

Town Clerk wrote to the Charity Commissioners for an official 
list of the Charities of Glamorganshire. 

1890 February 10. 

Medical Officer reports on the epidemic of influenza, which has 
been of world-wide diffusion. It broke out in Russia in 18S9, and 
reached England in December. In January it prevailed all over 
Cardiff, where it attacked 5 per cent, of the population. The 
symptoms were fever, followed by profuse perspiration, pains in the 
head and limbs, extreme prostration, catarrh and (in neglected cases) 
bronchitis and pneumonia. 

1890 March 5 

Town Clerk reported that he had received from the Home 
Secretary Letters Patent under the Great Seal, dated 25 February 
1890, conferring upon the Borough of Cardiff the grant of a separate 
Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace. 

Mr. Joseph Larke Wheatley, Town Clerk of Cardiff, is appointed 
Clerk of the Peace for the Borough, at a salary of /150; the office 
to be held only during his tenure of the post of Town Clerk. 

Mr. Edmund Bernard Reece, Solicitor, is appointed Coroner of 
the Borough of Cardiff. 

Subscription list to be opened on behalf of the widow of 
I. I^arnett, a sewerman, who lost his life in the service of the 
Corporation. 

Town Clerk submitted to the Watch Committee certain corres- 
pondence between the Vicar of Saint John's and himself with reference 





r. J-- 




I r 




COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 145 

to an account of 155. 4^(/. for damage done to the windows of 
Saint John's Schools, in October last, by the boys of Crwys Road 
Board School when out on strike. 

Resolved That the amount be paid. 

Head Constable reported with reference to the strike by the 
tramway employes, which commenced on the 15th February and 
lasted until the 20th, that inasmuch as the Company decided to run 
cars on the 19th ultimo by men imported from other parts of the 
country, for the purpose of ensuring the preservation of the peace 
he applied to the Mayor and members of this Committee for extra 
police assistance, which was readily granted. He obtained 16 men 
and I inspector from Newport, and 10 horses from the Tramway Co. 
for the use of the police, free of cost. Two constables in uniform 
were placed on each car, the remainder of the force were distributed 
along the line of route, every officer and man being on duty. Extra 
constables were also employed in plain clothes, and the strike passed 
off without any serious conflict. 

1890 April 14. 

_;^io,650 paid to the School Board. 

"Whitehall. 21st March 1890. 
Sir, — I am directed by Mr. Secretary Matthews to inform you 
that the Queen has been pleased, by warrant under Her Majesty's 
Royal Sign Manual dated the 15th inst., to appoint Benjamin Francis 
Williams, Esq., Q.C., to be the first Recorder of the Borough of 
Cardiff. I am, Sir, Your obedient servant. 

E. Leigh Pemberton. 
The Mayor of the Borough of Cardiff." 

(Temporary wooden market erected in the Hayes, during the 
rebuilding of the Cardiff Market). 

1890 May 12. 

Resolved That the attention of the Most Honourable the Marquis 
of Bute, as the principal shareholder in the Glamorganshire Canal, be 
respectfully called to the hoarding erected on the canal bank in New 
Street by the Cardiff Billposting Company, and that he be earnestly 
requested to cause measures to be taken for the removal thereof; as 



146 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

the same is a serious disfigurement and a great public annoyance, as 
well as an injury' to property in tiie neighbourhood.' 

Cornelius Driscoll, of Mary Ann Street, accused a police 
constable of breaking open his door without a warrant. Mr. 
Cunningham Graliam, M.P., put a question to the Home Secretary 
in the House of Commons, on this matter, and the reports of the 
Town Clerk and Head Constable of Cardiff were read to the House. 
Driscoll charged Police Constable Crook with the offence in the 
Cardiff Police Court, and the Defendant was fined _;^5 and costs. 
The Watch Committee recommend the Council to pay this. 

Letter from the Coroner stating that on the 27th of May a child 
aged three years was drowned in the fountain in Loudon Square, and 
that his Jury recommend the fountain should be properly railed in. 

1890 June 9. 

General District is. in the £. 

Mr. J. Lyster, Clerk to the Recorder of Cardiff, is appointed 
Crier of the Cardiff Court of Quarter Sessions, at a salary of £\^ per 
annum. 

Letter from Mr. Francis Anderson, Lord Bute's Secretary, 
acknowledging the Resolution respecting the New Street hoarding. 

Letter from Mr. Clark of Tal-y-garn : — 

"44, Berkeley .Square, London. 
26th May 1S90. 

Dear Sir, — I have just received from the expert 1 called in at the 
British Museum the Corporation Charters, which I send to your 
address this day by rail. I have to thank the Corporation and 
yourself for the use of them. I shall print them in the course of 
1 89 1. Very truly yours. 

Geo. Clark." 

Resolved unanimously That the cordial thanks of this Council be 
given to G. T. Clark, esq., of Tal-y-garn, for generously restoring the 
original Charters of the Borough of Cardiff at his own expense ; and 
the Council hereby record the pleasure with which they receive the 
restored Charters. 



riiis iinsiylitiy iiuis.Tiice still flourishes in 1904. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. 147 

The Town Clerk read letters from Mr. J. A. Corbett enclosing, 
on behalf of Lord Bute, four ancient Charters relating to Cardiff, 
granted by Kings Edward III., Henry IV., Henry VI. and Edward IV. 

Resolved unanimously That the best thanks of this Council be 
conveyed to Mr. J. A. Corbett for his interesting and valuable 
description and translation of the four original Charters presented 
to the Borough of Cardiff by the Most Hon. the Marquess of Bute. 

The Norwegian barque " Aalesund " has been wrecked in the 
Raine Pool within the Port of Cardiff, but the Water Bailiff does not 
think it necessary to light the wreck. Tenders are to be advertised 
for, to remove the vessel, the owners having abandoned her. 

Professor F. E. Beckwith, of the Royal Aquarium, receives 
permission to give an exhibition of swimming at the Cardiff Baths. 

1890 June iS. 

Resolved That, in recognition of the great services rendered to 
civilization by the illustrious traveller, Mr. Henry M. Stanley, in his 
explorations and travels, resulting in opening up the resources of 
Africa, this Council desires to heartily welcome his return home, and 
to offer the Honorary Freedom of the Borough to him. 

Mr. David E. Davies is appointed Prosecuting Solicitor to the 
Corporation, for the ensuing year ; salary ^50. 

Sub-Committee recommend the Council to purchase the CardiiT 
Gas Works, and to obtain the monopoly for the supply of electric 
lighting within the Borough. This recommendation, however, was 
rejected by a large majority of the Council. 

" 34 De Vere Gardens, W. 

24th June 1S90. 
Dear Sir, — I have to thank you for your various communications, 
especially the one of the 17th inst., informing me that the Corporation 
of Cardiff have been pleased to offer me the Honorary Freedom of 
their city. It is quite unnecessary for me, I am sure, to state how 
I shall value such an honour at their hands, and how pleased I shall 
be to accept it, although I cannot yet state a date upon which I 
may hope to visit Cardiff, as the multitudinous character of my 
engagements absolutely forbids, at present, any augmentation. As 



,48 CARDIFF RKCORDS. 

soon as I can possibly decide the date of my visit to Wales, I siiall 
communicate with you.— Yours very sincerely. 

Henry IVI. Stanley. 
The Town Clerk, Cardiff." 

1890 July 14. 

Common Seal affixed to an Agreement with Mr. James Howell 
for the purchase of the house No. 21 The Walk, Cardiff, and for 
the provision of Lodgings for Her Majesty's Judges until completion 
of the purchase. 

Watch Committee resolved that the Borough arms be printed on 
the prison van, instead of the letters V.K. 

1890 August I I. 

One of the small maces is lent to the Corporation of Gloucester, 
for exhibition at the annual meeting of the Royal Archaeological 
Institute there. 

Letter from the Coroner, complaining of the dangerous condition 
of the Glamorganshire Canal opposite to the GK ndower Hotel, there 
being no railing or other protection on the bank there. On the 27th 
July one Richard EUesworthy was iound drowned at that spot. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk reply stating the Corporation 
have no control over the towing-path of the Canal where the accident 
occurred. 

.Sub-Committee arrange the order of the procession, on the 
occasion of the opening of the Clarence Bridge by His Royal 
Highness the Duke of Clarence and Avondalc ; — 

After the reception at the Great Western Station, the procession 
will go to the new bridge by .Saint Mary Street, High Street, Castle 
Street, Cowbridge Road, Lower Cathedral Road, Clare Street, Clare 
Road and Corporation Road. 

Mounted Police. 

Glamorgan Artillery Volunteer Band. 

Borough Treasurer. Waterworks Engineer. 

Medical Officer of Health. Dockmaster. 

Postmaster. Governor of Gaol. Clerk to Justices, and 

Clerk to Glamorgan County Council. 

Members of Council. 

Aldermen. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1S07. 149 

Ministers of Religion. 

Officer Commanding the 41st Regimental District. 

Stipendiary and Magistrates of the County Borough. 

President and Members of the Chamber of Commerce. 

Members of Parliament. 

Reception Committee. 

High Sheriff of Glamorgan. 

Lord Tredegar. 

The Marquess of Bute. 

Lord Lieutenant of Glamorgan. 

Mace Bearers. 

His Worship the Mayor, The Recorder, Deputy Mayor, and 

Town Clerk. 

Mounted Police. 

Head Constable, mounted. 

H.R.H. the Duke of Clarence and Avondale. 

Mounted Police. 

The Royal Suite. 

Foot Police. 

Members of School Board. 

Members of Glamorgan County Council. 

The Press. 

At the bridge, the Mayor will present the Duke of Clarence with 

a key to unlock the turnpike, and His Royal Highness will declare 

the bridge and roads open for traffic. 

The Engineer of the Works (Mr. William Harpur, M Inst. C.E.) 
will have the honour of being presented to His Royal Higiiness by 
His Worship the Mayor. 

His Royal Highness will afterwards be presented with the 
Freedom of the County Borough of Cardiff, at the Park Hall. The 
Royal party will then leave the Hall and proceed by way of Queen 
Street, Duke Street, High Street and Saint Mary Street to the Great 
Western Station, for the train timed to leave at 5 p.m. 

1S90 September 8. 

Town Clerk reported that he had completed the purchase of the 
Old Vicarage Garden from the Rev. C. J. Thompson and others, as 
also of the Saint John's Infant School. 



150 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The Head Constable's attention is called to the nuisance created 
by boys bathing in tiie brook at the Roath Park. 

Resolved That Monsignor William Williams be invited to the 
Clarence Bridge procession and luncheon in the place of Bishop 
Hedley, who is unable to attend by reason of a long-standing prior 
engagement. 

Resolved unanimously That the Right Honorable the Marquess 
of Bute and Earl of Dumfries, K.T., be most cordially and heartily 
invited to accept the office of Mayor of the County Borough of Cardiff 
for the ensuing municipal yeav. 

Deputation appointed to wait upon Lord Bute and convey to him 
the purport of this resolution. 

" Hotel Meurice, 22S, Rue de Rivoli, Paris. 

October 2nd 1S90. 
To the Ma3'or of Cardiff. 

Dear Sir, — I have been reminded that the Town of Cardiff 
expects an answer to an invitation sent me some time ago to receive 
from the Corporation the honour the}' intended to confer upon me ; 
but on consulting my list of engagements, and regarding the few days 
at my disposal, I find that my stay in England will be so short as to 
render the visit highly inconvenient. Considering that I shall have 
only eleven days at the furthest to prepare for a lengthened journey 
in America, and that I have several pressing engagements to fulfil, I 
feel I shall be utterly unfit to present myself before the public of such 
an important town as Cardiff. I therefore beg 3'ou will kindly accept 
these my apologies and the reiterated expression of my goodwill, and 
believe me Yours ver^- cordially. 

Henry M. Stanley." 

Resolved That the consideration of the above letter be adjourned. 
1890 October 13. 

Mayor (Alderman William Sanders). 
Alderiiioi 
Daniel Lewis, Thomas Waring, 

Richard Cory, Patrick William Carey, 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-189; 



Thomas Vaughan Yorath, Andrew Fulton, 

Thomas Windsor Jacobs, David Edgar Jones, 

David Jones (ex-Mayor). 

Coiiiicillors 
Robert Bird, Joseph Ramsdale, 

Thomas Rees, Joseph Reynalt James, 

John Guy Proger, Thomas Morel. 

William Edmund Vaughan, 
William John Trounce, 



Ebenezer Beavan, 

Sir Morgan Morgan, 

Thomas Reynolds, 

Edward William Shackell, 

Peter Price, 

Francis John Beavan, 

William Benjamin Gibbs, 

Edward Heme, 

Alfred Rees, 

David Richards, 



Samuel Arthur Brain, 
William Callow Hurley, 
Richard Price, 
Tom Hurry Riches, 
Samuel Mildon, 
Frederick Henry Jotham, 
William Lewis, 
Henry Lascelles Carr, 
James Tucker, 
Edward James Smith, 
Philip Morel, 
William Symonds. 



Joseph Larke Wheatley, Town Clerk. 

_;^io,25o to the School Board. 

1890 October 27. 

" House of Falkland, 

Falkland, Fifeshire. 

Oct. 17th iSgo. 
Sir, — Your kind letter of the 14th enclosing the Opinion of Mr. 
Henn Collins, O.C, has been forwarded to me here from Dumfries 
House. I may also mention that I received at the same time a letter 
from Mr. Corbett enclosing another Opinion, by Mr. R. S. Wright, 
Junior Counsel to the Treasury, which he had thought it advisable 
to take and which agrees with that of Mr. Henn Collins. Under the 
circumstances, I hope I may now safely accept the proffered honour, 
and it gives me very great pleasure hereby to do so. Pray be good 
enough to convey this my reply to the Corporation ; and in so doing, 
pray be good enough to assure them upon my behalf of my very 
high sense of the compliment which they have paid me, and of my 



152 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

very warm thanks for it. I hope to be at Cardiff in the week 
beginning Nov. 2nd, in order to be at their service -Believe me, 
Sir, Your ver}' obedient Servant. 

Bute." 

Resolved unanimously That this Council desires to record the 
great gratification and pleasure with which they have received the 
above letter from the Most Honorable the Marquess of Bute, stating 
that his Lordship was prepared to accept the Mayoralty of the 
County Borough of Cardiff for the ensuing year, and that the same 
be recorded on the Minutes. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk write Mr. Henry M. Stanley 
stating that the Council will be very pleased to invite him to Cardiff 
to receive the Honorary Freedom of the Borough on his visit to Wales 
after his return from America. 

Letter from the Secretary of the Great Western Railway Co., 
stating that no order had yet been given for the erection of a station 
at Roath, but that preparations were being made for the construction 
of two additional lines through Cardiff Station. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk inform the Manager of the 
Company that his letter is very unsatisfactory to the inhabitants of 
Roath, and urge that the station be erected without further delay. 

The Council will apply for Parliamentary powers to supply 
electric lighting within the Borough. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1890—1891. 

1890 November 10 Monday. 

Resolved unanimously That the Most Honourable John Patrick 
Crichton Stuart, Marquess of Bute and Earl of Dumfries, Knight of 
the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, be and he 
is hereby elected Mayor of the County Borough of Cardiff for the 
ensuing municipal year. 

His Lordship having accepted the appointment, and subscribed 
and made the declaration required by the Municipal Corporations 
Act, and duly taken the customary oaths as Chief Magistrate of the 
County Borough of Cardiff, the chair was vacated by the ex-Mayor 
(Alderman Sanders, J. P.), and the Mayor was installed therein. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1S97. 153 

(Customary vote of thanks to the ex-Mayor, to be engrossed on 
veilum, signed by the Mayor and Town Clerk, and presented to 
Alderman SandersV 

" I John Patrick Crichton Stuart, Marquess of Bute and Earl 
of Dumfries, K.T., Mayor of the County Borough of Cardiff, in 
pursuance of the power vested in me by section 16 of the Municipal 
Corporations Act 1SS2, do hereby appoint Daniel Lewis, esquire, 
one of the Aldermen and a Justice of the Peace for the said County 
Borough, to act as Deputy-Mayor of the Borough during my illness 
or absence ; and I do hereby signify such appointment to the Council. 

Bute and Dumfries, 
Maj'or. 
Dated this loth day of November 1890." 

Resolved That the salary of the Mayor for the ensuing municipal 
year be ^750. 

Town Clerk reported That G. T. Clark, esq., of Tal-y-g;irn, had 
presented to the Corporation a copy of Vol. II. of his " Charlae et 
alia Munimenta de Glamorgan." 

Vote of thanks for the gift. 

Committee appointed to consider and report upon the question 
of a new Town Hall. 

" Everett House, Union Square, 

New York. Nov. nth 1S90. 
Dear Sir, -It will be impossible to say on what date I can 
appear at Cardiff; as yet I do not even know when I can leave 
this country, certainly not before April. If you will kindly wait 
until my return to England, I shall then begin to see a possible 
date after consulting my agent. —Yours faithfully. 

Henry M. Stanley. 
J. L. Wheatley, Esq." 

1090 December 22. 

Corporation approve of the Council of the University College 
purchasing the old Infirmary, for the purposes of a College. 

Mace-bearers Charles Pearce and James Locke are to have their 
salaries raised to ^30 a year each. 



154 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1 891 January 12. 

Council petition that appeals against Income Tax Assessments 
may be heard at Cardiff. 

Council petition for Cardiff to be made a wine-testing Port, and 
for the Custom House to be removed to the Docks. 

Council adopt new and stringent Bye-laws with regard to 
Common Lodging Houses. 

Tender accepted for forming and ballasting Wellfield Road, 
Roath. 

1 89 1 February 9 Thursday. (Special). 

Resolved unanimously That this Council, while heartily appre- 
ciating the hospitable and magnificent celebration by His Worship the 
Mayor (the Most Honourable the Marquess of Bute, K.T.), of the 
unparalleled commercial growth and prosperity of the Town and Port 
of Cardiff, desire to express their sincere and heartfelt sympathy with 
His Worship upon the unfortunate termination, by an outbreak of fire 
at the Drill Hall, of the banquet given by him on the 14th inst. 
in commemoration of the opening of the Dowlais Iron and Steel 
Company's new works. 

Resolved That the prompt action of the Head Constable and 
Fire Brigade, and also of the Borough Engineer, in extinguishing the 
fire be heartily approved of 

" February 6th, 1891. 

Dear Mr. Town Clerk, 

I beg that you will be so good as to convey to the Council 
my warm thanks for the very kind Resolution of which by their 
direction you have sent me a copy. Provoking as the accident was, 
I cannot but feel very thankful to Providence that the consequences 
were no more serious than they were ; and I am very conscious that 
this was largely owing, humanly speaking, to the great coolness 
displayed by everyone who was present. I have at any rate the 
satisfaction of having offered the usual official hospitality to the 
Members of the Council and others, and of having received the 
honour of their presence in response to my invitation. Had I had an 
opportunity of speaking at the dinner, it was my intention to have 
specially thanked the Members of the Council for the honour of their 
presence, and assured them of the great pleasure it afforded me. I 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-iSg;. 155 

intended to have thanked them particularly for taking part with me in 
presiding, by sharing the different tables. I wished to have said that 
I could picture no relations more friendly than those which, owing to 
their courtesy and consideration, have subsisted between us for the 
three months of my mayoralty already passed ; that I trust most 
warmlv that these relations may continue, and that, while I feel sure 
there will be nothing on their part to interrupt them, so I hope that 
there will be none on my own. As 1 had not the opportunity of 
saying this then, I hope they will allow me to say it now. Pray 
accept my thanks for your own kind expressions, and believe me, 
Dear Mr. Town Clerk, sincerely yours. 

Bute." 

Head Constable reported that he had been served with notice 
of action at the suit of Mr. Patrick O'Brien, M.P., for false imprison- 
ment. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk be instructed to take all 
necessary steps to defend the Head Constable in any such action. 

Deputation from the local Committee of the Seamen's and 
Firemen's Union attended a Special Watch Committee and preferred 
a complaint against Superintendent Tamblyn of using language 
calculated to cause a breach of the peace at the Shipping Offices. 
Mr. Tamblyn denied the charge and called witnesses, and ultimately 
the Committee dismissed the case as unproven. 

Head Constable reported that on the 6th inst. the coal-tippers 
employed at the Bute Docks came out on strike. Fearing distur- 
bances in consequence of tips being worked by new men, the Bute 
Docks Co. had applied for and received police protection. The 
Borough Force was temporarily augmented by 2 inspectors and 
38 constables from the Glamorgan Constabulary. 

Resolved That His Worship the Mayor be respectfully desired 
to communicate with the Secretary of the General Post Office, calling 
his attention to the urgent need of improving the mail-service 
between Cardiff and London ; and to the desirability of forwarding 
the West of England mails via the Severn Tunnel, instead of the 
present " circumlocutary route" via Gloucester. 

General Manager of the G.W.R. writes that he is unable at 
present to give the proposed station to Roath, 



1S6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

i8qi March 9. 

Correspondence between the Town Clerk and the High Sheriff, 
Frederick L. Davis, esq., with reference to th'- accommodation of the 
Judges at the Town Hall. " Mr. Justice Vaughan Williams will make 
public reference to the insufficiency uf the accommodation provided 
by the Corporation for Her Majesty's Judges of Assize They will 
endeavour to get all the work done at Swansea, and that would be a 
great snub for Cardiff. A place of the size and importance of Cardiff 
ought to be able to afford better Courts," 

Deputy Town Clerk (^Mr. Davies) resigns, having received the 
appointment of Town Clerk of Southport. 

Salary of Mr. Daniel Jones, the Water Bailiff, is increased to 
/45- 

1891 April 13. 

" San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A. 

en route, March 27th 1891. 
Dear Sir, — I have this day received your letter dated the 25th 
February, wherein you state that the Council of the Cardiff Corpora- 
tion, in view of the difficulties and uncertainties attending a visit to 
your town, had decided to forward me the scrip of my admission as 
an Honorary Freeman of the County Borough, within a silver casket, 
and wherein you ask my acceptance of the same. I have to express 
mj' great regret that I have been unable to visit Cardiff to receive 
in person this high and coveted honour awarded me, and also to 
express my sincere appreciation of the considerate manner you have 
adopted to relieve me from the great inconvenience which a visit to 
Cardiff would entail on me. Will you kindly convey to the Council 
of the Corporation my deepest gratitude for the Honorary Freeman- 
ship, and for the genuine kindness with which they have conferred 
it. — I am, Dear Sir, 

Yours most obediently. 

Henry M. Stanley. 
J. L Wheatley, Esq., 

Town Clerk, Cardiff." 

_^'i2,ioo to the School Board. 

Frederick Charles Lloyd appointed Deputy Town Clerk. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1S97. 157 

S. I. Harpur appointed Junior Assistant in the Borough 
Engineer's Office. 

Mr. Robert Forrest, of St. Fagan's, is appointed to act as 
Arbitrator on behalf of the Corporation, in all cases where the 
Corporation are desired to appoint an arbitrator. 

Resolution of regret and condolence on the death of Alderman 
Waring, J. P. 

Borough Engineer submitted plans and estimate for the Cardiff 
Sanatorium, which were approved and adopted. 

Extensive improvements are to be made in the rooms at the back 
of the Crown Court and Nisi Prius Court, in the Town Hall. 

Resolved That the Mayoress of Cardiff (the Most Hon. the 
Marchioness of Bute) be respectfully and cordially invited to perform 
the opening ceremony at the new Saint Mary Street Market, on such 
a day as may be convenient to Her Ladyship. 

Borough Engineer submitted two designs for a gold key to be 
presented to Lady Bute on this occasion ; and it was Resolved that 
the design showing the ducal [sic] and Borough coats of arms should 
be adopted, subject to certain alterations. 

1 89 1 May 1 1. 

Council decline to vote a subscription towards the funds of the 
Cardiff Horticultural Society. 

After reading a letter from the National Vigilance Association, 
with reference to certain advertisements recently exhibited in Cardiff 
streets, it was Resolved that the attention of the Head Constable be 
called to pictorial adverti^^ements of an obscene character, with a view 
to their suppression. 

Premises in Bute Street purchased for the purposes for a Docks 
Police Station. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk communicate at once with Her 
Majesty's Postmaster General, calling his attention to the urgent and 
pressing necessity of providing proper and adequate accommodation 
for the public at the Cardiff General Post Office, the unparalleled and 
continued development of commercial enterprise and prosperity at 
Cardiff, and the vast amount of Post Office business consequent 
thereon, having far outgrown the capacity of the present Post 
Office. 



158 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1891 June 8. 

Special Property and Markets Committee resolved That after the 
13th instant street vendors be not allowed to stand for the sale of 
goods in the Hayes. 

Mr. James Brown and Mr. Robert Foster (cheapjacks) attended a 
subsequent meeting of the above Committee with reference to the 
beforementioned resolution, but it was resolved that the Committee's 
decision be adhered to. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk take such measures as he may 
deem advisable with reference to the obstruction created b}' Messrs. 
Cross Bros, in the entrance from Church Street to the Cardiff 
Market. 

The County Court sitting now twice a month at Cardiff, the 
authorities are to be asked to increase the allowance to the 
Corporation for all services. 

At a meeting of the Property and Markets Committee, a letter 
was read from Professor Scott (described in the Minutes as an "eye 
optician"), applying for a shop in the New Market. Consideration 
thereof was adjourned. 

1891 July 13. 

Special Public Works Committee considered the circumstances 
connected with the accidental death by suffocation of the sewermen 
A. Sutton and R. Luker on the iSth July 1S91, and decided that no 
blame attached to anyone for the accident. Gratuities were voted to 
the relatives of the deceased. 

l~he old Weigh-bridge Office in Queen Street was leased to 
W. Bruce Lovie for 21 years at £2(i. \os. per annum. 

Borough Engineer was instructed to prepare a design of a turret 
for a four-faced clock to be erected over the Manager's Office in 
Cardiff Market. 

Watch Committee thank Lord Bute for his present of a complete 
series of Sir Walter Scott's works to the Police Library. 

1891 August 10. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Councillor 
Reynolds. 

Memorial from ratepayers complaining of the nuisance caused 
by the steam organ, swing-boats cS:c. on a piece of waste ground on 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. 159 

Penarth Road, near the G. W.R. Station. The matter was left in the 
hands of the Town Clerk. 

Councillor Peter Price moved to rescind the resolution of 
13 December 1886 for changing the name of Crockherbtown to 
Queen Street, and proposed that the portion of Queen Street from 
the Glamorganshire Canal to the T.V. R. bridge be called Crockherb- 
town and be renumbered forthwith. 

The motion on being put to the meeting was lost, and the names 
were taken as follows : — For : The Mayor ; Aldermen Yorath, D. E. 
Jones, D.Jones and Sanders; Councillors Beavan, T. Morel, Mildon, 
Price, Shepherd, Thomas, Noah Rees and Owen — 13. Against: 
Aldermen Cory, Carey and Fulton ; Councillors Trounce, Brain, 
Hurley, Shackell, Heme, A. Rees, Jotham, Lewis, Carr, Parker, J. 
H. Cory, Jenkins and Andrews — 16. Neutral: Alderman D. Lewis, 
Councillors Richards, Tucker and P. Morel — 4. 

1S91 September 14. 

The Secretary to the British Association communicates to the 
Council the thanks of that society for the hospitality shewn to them 
by the Corporation on their recent annual Meeting at Cardiff. 

Letter from Mr. G. W. Carr stating that he had been appointed 
Collector of Customs in the place of Mr. Reynolds, retired. 

Resolved That Mr. G. W. Carr, the Collector of Her Majesty's 
Customs, be and he is hereby appointed Collector of Harbour Dues 
for the Port of Cardiff, at a salary of /^loo per annum ; the appoint- 
ment to be determined by one month's notice on either side. 

Mr. W. W. Pettigrew entered on his duties as Head Gardener. 

1891 October 12. 

^13,400 to the School Board. 

Mr. George Saunders, clerk to the Recorder of Cardiff, is 
appointed Crier of the Cardiff Court of Quarter Sessions, in the place 
of J. J. Lyster, resigned. 

Judgment has been entered for the defendant, in the action 
brought by Mr. Patrick O'Brien, M.P., against Mr. W. Mackenzie, the 
Head Constable of Cardiff, for false imprisonment. The case was 
tried at the Midsummer Assizes at Swansea. 

Mr. Goodyer is requested to instruct tram-inspectors to warn 
passengers before passing under the Bute Street bridge. 



i6o CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Resolved That the attention of the Head Constable be called to 
the great noise made by persons congregating around cheapjacks and 
lecturers in the Hayes, and that he be informed that the only persons 
allowed to stand in the Hayes are tenants of the fish stalls who pay 
toll to the Corporation. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1891-1892 

I.S91 November 9. Mondaj'. 

Alderman Thomas Rees electi d Mayor ; salary ^350. 

Alderman David Jones, j.P., appointed Deputy Mayor. 

Resolved unanimously, upon the motion of Alderman Daniel 
Lewis, J. P., seconded by Alderman Carey, That this Council, with the 
heartiest satisfaction, desires to record its sincere and cordial thanks 
to the Most Honourable John Patrick Crichton Stuart, Marquess of 
Bute and Earl of Dumfries, K.T., for the admirable and efficient 
manner in which he has fulfilled the duties of Mayor and Chief 
Magistrate of this Borough during the past year, as well as its great 
appreciation of the manifold and valuable services so faithfully and 
zealously rendered by him to the Town and Port ; of the graceful and 
generous reception accorded by him to the President and Members of 
the British Association for the Advancement of Science ; and of the 
courtesy, tact and geniality with which he has presided over the 
deliberations of the Council. 

Resolved unanimously that the above Resolution he engrossed 
on vellum, signed by the Mayor and Town Clerk, and presented to 
the Most Honourable the Marquess of Bute, K.T. 

At a meeting of the General Purposes Committee held 23 
November 1891, the Mayor reported that at the banquet given by 
him 9 November 1S91 the ex-Mayor (The Most Honourable John 
Patrick Crichton Stuart, Marquess of Bute and Earl of Dumfries, 
K.T.) presented to the Mayor and Corporation of this Borough a 
magnificent loving-cup, in commemoration of his vear of office. 

The cup stands (with its cover) 3 feet 2 inches high, and is of 
silver, thickly gilded and very beautifully wrought. The cup is 
goblet-shaped, with masks and floral scrolls in low relief. On one 
side is enamelled the arms of Cardiff, and on the other the arms of the 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 161 

Marquess of Bute. The stem is highly wrought and decorated, and 
encircled by the folds of a gold dragon, set with carbuncles, and 
diamond claws, and eyes of emerald. The whole cup, from base to 
lid, IS hooped at intervals by bands studded with sapphires, rubies, 
aquamarines, amethysts and carbuncles. Upon the lid, which is 
ornamented by water-lilies in white enamel, with chiselled leaves, 
stand two female figures ; one symbolises Cardiff by a standing figure 
having a mural crown, holding in one hand a rudder and in the other 
an olive branch. A half-draped figure, representing the River Severn 
(or Hafren) reclines at the feet of the standing figure. Upon the base 
of the cup are figures symbolising the three rivers between which 
Cardiff" stands, represented as river gods. The plinth upon which the 
figures are seated is studded, like the lid, with diamond-eyed water- 
lilies. 

Resolved unanimously That the members of this Council desire 
to express their great gratification and most cordial thanks to the Most 
Honourable John Patrick Crichton Stuart, Marquess of Bute and 
Earl of Dumfries, K.T., the ex-Mayor of Cardiff, for his appreciated 
kindness and munificence in presenting to the Mayor and Corporation 
of this ancient Borough a superb and costly loving-cup, and to assure 
his Lordship that the cup will ever be treasured by the people of 
Cardiff" as a memorial of his brilliant and successful year of ofifice. 

Sir William Thomas Lewis informs the Corporation that it is the 
intention of the Directors of the Bute Docks Company to apply to 
Parliament for a Bill enabling them to extend their Docks. Such Bill 
would include provisions to enable the Town (as such) to acquire an 
interest in the property of the Bute Docks Co. 

Resolved That Mr. Rowlands be not permitted to sell hosiery in 
Cardiff" Market unless he rents a shop or stall. 

The work of rebuilding the bridge across Roath Brook and 
widening Pen-y-lan Road, at the end of the Park, is in full progress. 

1S91 December 14. 

Resolved unanimously That the Council of Her Majesty's ancient 
and loyal Borough of Cardiff" most heartily congratulate their Royal 
Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Wales upon the betrothal of 
their son and heir, His Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence and 



1 62 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Avondale and Earl of Athlone, to Her Serene Highness Princess 
Victoria Mary of Teck. 

(A like resolution of congratulation to the affianced themselves.) 
Resolved unanimously That this Council, in the name and on 
behalf of the Burgesses of this important and progressive Borough, 
most respectfully and cordially invite the Right Honourable David 
Evans, esquire. Lord Mayor of London, to visit Cardiff on a con- 
venient date to be hereafter decided upon, and assure his Lordship of 
a welcome worthy the metropolis of the Principality of Wales. 

" Dear Mr. Mayor, — I received from Sir William Lewis last night 
the formal vote of thanks for the loving-cup. So many kind things 
have been said about it already, that I hardly think I am expected to 
write a formal letter in reply. If, however, you think I should say 
something, perhaps you will be good enough to tell the Council that I 
have written to you about it, and to convey to them the expression of 
my best thanks. — Believe me, Mr. Mayor, 

Sincerely yours. 

Bute, ex-Mayor." 

" Newhailes, Musselburgh, N.B. 

December 6th 1891. 
Dear Mr. Mayor, — 1 have pleasure in informing you that on 
Thursday last I went with Sir Edward Reed to the Local Government 
Board. Mr. Ritchie is unfortunately laid up ; but we saw Mr. Adrian, 
and I gave him the letters of the foreign Consuls with regard to the 
Flat Holm quarantine question, with the exception of one which I had 
inadvertently omitted from the packet, but which I have since 
forwarded to liim. He retained all except the one which declined to 
enter into the question. We had some conversation, and Sir Edward 
urged our view, as seemed to me, in a very able manner. 
Sincerely yours. 

" Bute, ex-Mayor." 

Rescinding a previous resolution, the Council resolved that 
hucksters and street vendors be allowed to stand and sell their 
goods in the Hayes as heretofore, subject to payment of the 
Corporate tolls. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, .880-1S97. 16^ 

Council call upon the Trustees of the late Colonel Kemeys-Tynte 
to put certain cottages in Mill Lane Court in a fit state for human 
habitation. 

"Marlborough House, Pall Mall, S.W. 

Dec. 19th 1891. 
Captain Holford is directed by the Duke of Clarence and Avon- 
dale to express his sincere thanks to the Council of the County 
Borough of Cardiff for their kind congratulations and good wishes 
on the occasion of His Royal Highness' betrothal to Princess Victoria 
Mary of Teck." 

"The Mansion House, London. 

Dec. i8th 1S91. 
My Dear Sir, — I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt 
of your letter of the i6th inst., conveying to me a resolution of 
the Town Council of Cardiff inviting me to visit the metropolis 
of the Principality of Wales during my year of office as Lord Mayor, 
and assuring me a hearty welcome on the part of the burgesses and 
inhabitants of your famous Town. I beg you to express to the 
Council my grateful thanks for this distinguished compliment, which 
I accept with sincere pleasure and gratification. Nothing has touched 
me more profoundly than this great mark of respect on the part of 
the world-renowned centre of my native county; I might almost say 
of my birth-place, for Llantrissant was, when I was born, as it still 
is, in the same electoral division as Cardiff'. This circumstance will 
invest my visit to your Town with peculiar interest to myself; and I 
feel certain that I shall much enjoy my reception by the Mayor and 
Corporation of Cardiff, not only as a Welsh Lord Mayor, but as a 
native of Glamorganshire. I shall hold myself entirely at your 
disposal as to the most convenient date for my visit; and I am with 
renewed thanks, My Dear Sir, Yours very truly. 

David Evans, Lord Mayor. 
J. L. Wheatley, Esq., 

Town Clerk of Cardiff." 

All the members of the General Purposes Committee are 
appointed for the purpose of making arrangements for the visit of 
the Lord Mayor of London to Cardiff. 



i6i CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Witli reference to the proposed new Bute Docks Bill, the Town 
Clerk reports {inter ali(x) on the diversion of the Taff. 

This diversion is across the West Mud, from the first bend in the 
Taff above the Docks entrance-channel, to a point near the junction of 
the Ely with the same channel. It is supposed that the object of this 
diversion is to prevent the accumulation of debris washed down by 
the river, which are now deposited in the entrance-channel ; which 
debris have from time to time to be dredged out, at considerable 
expense to the Bute Docks Co. If this river diversion is carried out, 
it will necessitate the removal and replacement of some of the 
Corporation buoys. It will have to be considered whether, by such 
an interference with the river course, your jurisdiction over the river 
will be prejudiced, and, if so, what clauses should be inserted in the 
Bill, or what action on your part may be necessary to secure your 
proper protection. 

Mr. J. H. Gwyn is informed the Corporation will not allow 
flannel merchants to take shops or stalls on the ground-floor of 
Cardiff Market. 

1S92 January 1 1. 

" Sandringham, Norfolk. 

Sir Francis Knollys is desired by Their Royal Highnesses the 
Prince and Princess of Wales to express their cordial thanks to the 
Council of Her Majesty's ancient and loyal Borough of Cardiff for 
their kind congratulations and good wishes on the occasion of the 
betrothal of the Duke of Clarence and Avondale to Princess Victoria 
Mary of Teck. 

8th January 1892. 

The Town Clerk, Cardiff." 

Committee appointed to consider the establishment of a thrift 
fund for the Corporation Employes. 

General Purposes Committee, at their Meeting held 15 January 
1S92, resolved unanimously: That this Council, in renewing to Her 
Most Gracious Majesty the Queen the assurance of their devotion to 
Her Majesty's Person and Throne, desire to express the deep regret 
with which they have received the intelligence of the death of His 
Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence and Avondale and Earl of 
Athlone, who was an Honorary Freeman of this Borough, and tender 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-1897. 165 

their respectful and sincere sympathy with Her Majesty and Her 
Majesty's Royal Family in their sorrowful affliction. 

Resolved unanimously That this Council desire to place on 
record their deep regret at the lamented death of His Royal Highness 
the Duke of Clarence and Avondale and Earl of Athlone, who was 
an Honorary Freeman of this ancient and loyal Borough, and who, 
during his visit to Cardiff in September 1S90, so greatly endeared 
himself to the inhabitants of this Borough ; and to express their 
heartfelt sympathy and condolence with Their Royal Highnesses the 
Prince and Princess of Wales, the members of the Royal Family, and 
Her Royal Highness the Princess May, the affianced bride of the late 
Duke of Clarence, in their great sorrow. 

Resolved That a wreath be subscribed for by the Members of this 
Council, as a mark of their respect and esteem for H.R.H. the Duke 
of Clarence and Avondale, who was an Honorary Freeman of this 
Borough; and that the Mayor and Town Clerk take such steps for the 
proper disposal thereof as they may deem necessary. 

Resolved That the inhabitants of Cardiff be most respectfully 
invited to observe the day of burial of H.RT^. the Duke of Clarence 
and Avondale, who was an Honorary Freeman of this Borough, as a 
day of public mourning, in order to show the deep sympathy of the 
people of Cardiff in the affliction which has so suddenly befallen the 
Royal Family. 

" Whitehall. 22nd January 1892. 

Sir, — ^I am directed by the Secretary of State to acknowledge the 
receipt of the Resolution of the Council of the Borough of Cardiff 
expressing condolence with Her Majesty the Queen and the Royal 
Family on the occasion of the death of His Royal Highness the Duke 
of Clarence and Avondale. — I am, Sir, your obedient servant. 

E. Leigh Pemcerto.n'. 
The Mayor of Cardiff." 

Mr. Frank J. Schroeter, having been articled to the Town Clerk, 
is permitted to resign his appointment as Junior Clerk. 

" Sandringham. 
Sir Francis Knollys is desired to convey to the members of the 
Town Council of Cardiff the sincere thanks of the Prince and Princess 



i66 CARHIFF RECORDS. 

of Wales for the warm sympathy they have expressed on the occasion 
of Their Royal Highnesses' bereavement. 
30th January, 1892." 

1892 February 8. 

Petition from 479 ratepayers of Roath, praying the Corporation 
to urge upon the G.W.R. Co. the necessity for a station at Roath. 

Committee appointed to deal with the question, wiio appoint a 
Deputation to wait on the Directors. 

[892 February 22. 

Resolved That the Honorary Freedom of the Borough be pre- 
sented to the Lord Mayor of London in a silver-gilt casket, at a cost 
not exceeding /"50, and that Mr. J. Tilley be desired to engross the 
scrip containing the Admission and the FVeedom. 

1892 March 14. 

Councillor Charles Shepherd resigns. 

Robert Hughes elected Councillor for the Central Ward. 

A Deputation of the Free Library Committee request the 
Corporation to adopt the Museums Act. Council resolve that they 
cannot do so before ascertaining that such an action would be 
acceptable to the people of Cardiff, and especially to the working 
classes. 

Council invite the British Archaeological Association to hold their 
Annual Congress for this year at Cardiff. 

Parks Committee thank Lords Bute and Windsor for their gifts 
of land at Grangetovvn for the purpose of an open space for public 
recreation. 

1892 March 28. 

Morgan Morgan, of 114 Newport Road, accountant, has been 
elected a Councillor for the Park Ward. 

Mr. E. P. Loftus Brock, one of the Hon. Secretaries of the British 
Archaeological Association, writes that his Society has unanimously 
accepted the invitation to Cardiff; also that the Prince of Wales has 
consented to be one of the patrons of the Congress, with Lord Bute. 

George Macdonald is appointed Hall Porter. Salary 26s. per 
week, with uniform. Hours 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 167 

1S92 April I I. 

Mr. Stephen Coleridge, Clerk of Assize, writes complaining of 
insufficient accommodation in the Law Courts. (Referred to the 
Town Hall Committee.) 

The General commanding the District has declined to allow the 
Volunteers to take part in a parade, or an}' military salutes to be 
rendered, on the occasion of the Lord Mayor's visit. 

" The Mansion House, 

April 8th 1S92. 

Dear Mr. Town Clerk, — In reply to your letter of the ist inst., 
I do not think I can claim to hold any commission in the army or 
reserve forces, in either my private capacity or as Lord Mayor; but 
I am one of Her Majesty's Lieutenants for the City of London, and 
the head of the Lieutenancy for the year. My party, as at present 
arranged, will consist of: — The Lady Mayoress and myself; Colonel 
and Alderman Sir Reginald Hanson, Bart., M.P., LL.D. ; Mr. 
Alderman and Sheriff Tyler and Mrs. Tyler, Mr. Sheriff Foster and 
Mrs. Foster; Sir John Monckton, Town Clerk of London; the Sword 
Bearer, G. T. W. Winzar, esq., ; the Mace Bearer, Colonel Burnaby ; 
the City Marshal, Captain Richey. We shall bring three state 
carriages, and eight horses. There will be twelve men-servants in 
all. I do not know yet how many ladies'-maids there will be, but I 
will let you know more exactly on all these points later on. I am, 
Dear Mr. Town Clerk, yours very truly. 

David Evans, Lord Mayor. 

J. L. Wheatley, Esq., 

Town Clerk, Cardiff." 

Arrangements are made for a banquet to the Lord Mayor, to be 
given at the Park Hall, followed by a Welsh Concert, at whicli Madame 
Lucy Clarke (a native of Cardiff) has promised to give her services. 

1S92 May 9. 

District Rate is. 2d. in the £. 

The Mayor and Corporation will officially receive the Institution 
of Naval Architects, in July. 

Council decline to contribute towards the funds of the Cardiff 
Musical Festival. 



1 68 CARDIFF RECORDS 

The Town Clerk reported that the Mayor had appointed Jacob 
Wise as Sergeant-at-Mace, in the place of James Lock deceased. 
Salary ^30 and uniform. 

Resolved That the Special Committee re Town Hall be empowered 
to negotiate for such further site or sites for new municipal buildings 
as they may deem advisable. 

Deputation appointed, in conjunction with the Cardiff Incorporated 
Cliamber of Commerce, to interview the Secretary of State for War, 
and the First Lord of the Admiralty, with reference to the defenceless 
condition of the Port of Cardiff. 

Town Clerk read a memorial from the Cardiff Fabian Socialist 
Society, regarding the presentation of the honorary freedom of the 
Borough to the Lord Mayor of London and the civic reception of his 
Lordship at Cardiff. 

Whereupon it was moved by Alderman Sanders and seconded 
by Councillor Morgan Morgan, that the letter be respectfully 
acknowledged, with an expression of regret on the part of the Council 
that personal abuse of the Lord Mayor of London has been conveyed 
to the Corporation in this form. 

It was then moved b}' Councillor Thomas seconded by Councillor 
Jenkins by way of amendment, that all words in the proposition, after 
the word "acknowledged," be struck out. 

The amendment on being put to the meeting was lost. 

The proposition of Alderman Sanders was then moved and carried, 
and it was Resolved accordingly. 

Permission is granted for an omnibus to run between North Road 
and Whitchurch. 

Mr. Samuel Harpur resigns his appointment in the Borough 
Engineer's Office, on being appointed Assistant Surveyor at Ponty- 
pridd. 

" 5 Leicester Villas, Clifton, Bristol. 
May I ith 1S92. 
Dear Sir, 

Having a valuable collection of various-sized engraved portraits 
of the luminaries of the Law, including some rare ones, all framed and 
in perfect condition, being wishful to give what I can when living, so 
as to save trouble after 1 am gone ; therefore thinking I could not 
make a better disposition thereof than to ask the acceptance of the 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 



.69 



same by the Mayor and Corporation of my native Town, to hang up 
and adorn the Judges' Room or Rooms in the Town Hall, with 
pleasure I now do so ; and on hearing from you in the affirmative, 
will forward them as 3'ou direct, and am, Dear Sir, yours very truly. 

John Evan Davies. 

J. L. Wheatley, Esq., 

Town Clerk, Cardiff, Glam " 

Resolved unanimously That this (Property and Markets) Com- 
mittee has great pleasure in accepting on behaif of the Town Council 
of Cardiff the valuable collection of engraved portraits so kindly 
offered to the Corporation by Mr. John Evan Davies, of Clifton (a 
native of Cardiff), and that the best thanks of this Committee be 
accorded to Mr. Davies for his valuable and interesting gift. 

Percy H. Gray is appointed as Shorthand and Engrossing Clerk. 

1S92 June 13. 

£joo added to the Mayor's salary, towards the expenses of the 
Lord Mayor's visit. 

Town Clerk reported that he had duly received from Mr. John 
Evan Davies the hereunder mentioned portraits, which had been hung 
in the Grand Jury Room and the two rooms at the back of the Crown 
Court. 



I 


Lord Thurlow, 


iS 


Chief Baron Sir Thomas 


2 


L. C. Tindal, 




Pengelly, 


3 


L. C. Erie, 


19 


Lord Cowper, 


4 


Justice Ashurst, 


20 


T. Denman, Esq., 


5 


Earl of Clarendon, 


21 


Henry Brougham, Esq., 


6 


Justice Chitty, 


22 


Sir John Leacli, 


7 


Lord Coke, 


23 


Justice Blackstone, 


8 


Sir Matthew Hale, 


24 


Lord Harwick, 


9 


Justice Powell, 


-5 


Lord Kenyon, 


10 


Sir Thomas More, 


26 


Baron Tenterden, 


1 1 


Lord Talbot, 


27 


Sir W. Grant, 


12 


Lord Lyndhurst, 


28 


Lord Ellenborough, 


^ 3 


Paul before Felix, 


^9 


Sir Robert Clifford, 


14 


The Law, 


30 


Lord Soucr.^, 


15 


The Bench (Hogarth), 


3' 


Dr. Lushington, 


16 


Earl Mansfield, 


3- 


J. Parker, Esq., 


17 


Earl Camden, 


33 


L. J. Lindsay. 



I70 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Resolved That street hawkers be allowed to sell goods on the 
open space in the Hayes, subject to a toll of 6d. per truck. 

The Lord Maj'or's Secretary writes that the impending dissolu- 
tion of Parliament has necessitated certain alterations in the list of the 
Lord Mayor's party visiting Cardiff. This will now include only the 
Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress, the Sword-bearer, Mace-bearer, and 
City Marshal, who will come in full state. As the Lord Mayor and 
Lady Mayoress are to be the guests of the Marquess and Marchioness 
of Bute at Cardiff Castle, there will be no necessity to make provision 
for housing the party at the Judges' Lodgings. The Lord Mayor will 
provide for the accommodation of his official retinue at a hotel. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk reply that arrangements have 
been made for entertaining his Lordship's suite at the Park Hotel. 

Resolved That the menu of the banquet be printed in English 
only — instead of English and Welsh, as at first proposed. 

1892 June 27. 

Mr. Lloyd's salary as Deputy Town Clerk is raised to ^300. 

Town Clerk read correspondence between Mr. Peter Price, 
Chairman of the Cardiff Free Library and Museum, and Sir William T. 
Lewis, Lord Bute's Agent, with regard to the purchase of a site for a 
new Museum and Art Gallery. Mr. Price asks whether Sir William 
would advise Lord Bute to sell to the Corporation a site in Park Place 
adjoining the premises of the Iron and Steel Institute, and adds a 
suggestion that "Lord Bute may be induced to sell the whole or a 
part of Cathays Park to the Corporation for public uses only. We 
are sadly in need of land for a new Town Hall, Assize Courts, 
Municipal Offices, Technical Schools, Intermediate Schools and new 
University College. These could be arranged around a Central Park. 
If Lord Bute found it his pleasure to sell this land for a moderate sum 

we could make Cardiff one of the most beautiful towns 

in the country." 

Sir William replies that any official proposition made by the 
Cardiff Corporation for a carefully prepared scheme, will receive ins 
best consideration. 

1S92 August 2. 

Mr. W. H. Massey is engaged as Electrical Engineer. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880.1897. 171 

Resolved That the serious attention of the Cardiff Gas Co. be 
called to the very insufficient light given by the gas-lamps in the 
Borough, and also to the late hour at which they are lighted. 

1893 August 8. 

Council Resolved That Dr. Walford be asked to undertake not to 
apply for any further increase of salary for three years from this date. 

Mr. W. Edgar Stephens resigned liis position as Shorthand and 
General Clerk in the Town Clerk's office. 

Thanks were severally voted by the Council to Lord Bute, to His 
Worship the Mayor, and to the Town Clerk, Mr. J. L. Wheatley, for 
their valuable services and assistance in connection with the recent 
visit to Cardiff of the Lord Mayor of London, " and for the dignity with 
which they sustained the best traditions of the metropolis of the 
Principality." 

1892 September 12. 

Allan Wyon, esq., Hon. Treasurer of the British Archaeological 
Association, has forwarded to the Mayor and Corporation a copy of the 
late A. B. Wyon's work on "The Great Seals of England," in grateful 
remembrance of the courtesy and kindness extended to the Congress 
of the Association during their recent visit to Cardiff. 

Mr. F. J. G. Cornish is promoted to the post of Principal 
Committee Clerk; salary ^120 to ^150. 

Ernest Edward Williams is appointed Junior Clerk in the I'own 
Clerk's Office, salary £2. los. to ^26. 

Tom Holdsworth Lister Thorburn is appointed Junior Copying 
Clerk ; salary ^30 to ^So. 

1892 October 10. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Councillor Peter 
Price, J. P. 

/ 1 2,000 to the School Board. 

Mr. Henry Llewellin Grover, of Cardiff and Pontypridd, Solicitor, 
has been appointed Deputy Coroner for the Borough of Cardiff. 



172 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Cardiff Council Minutes, 1892—1893. 

1S92 November 9 Wednesday. 

Councillor Vaughan elected Mayor ; salary /"350. 

Alderman Daniel Lewis, J. P., appointed Deputy Mayor. 

Councillor Walter Raleigh Parker resigns the office of Councillor 
for the Central Ward. 

Resolved That all unskilled labourers, bona-fide residents of 
Cardiff, who are out of work be requested to attend at the Town Hall 
and fill in the necessary particulars ni the register to be kept by the 
Hall Porter in the vestibule. 

Sub-committee appointed to consider and take the best measures 
to secure the location of the Welsh National University at Cardiff. 

1S92 December 12. 

General District Rate of is. 2d. in the £. 

The Town Clerk reported that he had inspected the site of the 
Bute Shipbuilding, Engineering and Dry Dock Co., Ltd., and the bed 
of the river Taff between the Clarence Bridge and their shipyard, and 
found that the siltage complained of was in much the same state as in 
1887, when the construction of the bridge was authorized ; although a 
steady silting up is continually taking place. An aspect of far greater 
importance than any liability to the Company is the claim of the 
Corporation to be Conservators of the river Taff; and it is for the 
Committee to consider whether, as such Conservators, they should 
not take measures for cleaning the bed of the rivers and keeping the 
same clear and free from danger to navigation. 

An extract from the proceedings of the Museum Sub-Committee 
was read calling attention to the old town stocks, and suggesting 
the desirability of their removal to the Museum. 

Resolved That the stocks be handed over to the Museum Sub- 
Committee. 

Resolved That the hearty thanks of this (Public Works) Com- 
mittee be given to the Right Hon. Lord Tredegar for his generosity 
in presenting to the Corporation the land required to widen Newport 
Road, from Albany Road to the Taff Vale Railway (Roath Branch). 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. 173 

Sir William Lewis has informed the Corporation that Lord Bute 
is prepared to sell 3S acres out of the 59 composing Cathays Park, for 
the purposes of municipal buildings and public recreation ground, for 
^120,000. 

A Deputation, consisting of Monsignor Williams, Father Hayde 
and Father Cormack, waited upon the Committee of the Burial Board 
with reference to a new entrance to the Catholic burial-ground. 
The matter was deferred.' 

1S93 January 9. 

Charles Edward Waring, of Kingsland, Peterston-super-Ely, Civil 
Engineer, was elected (^unopposed) Councillor for the Central Ward. 

The Mayor reported that the Most Honourable the Marquess of 
Bute, K.T., had presented and forwarded to the Corporation a 
valuable portrait of himself by Professor Herkomer, of London, which 
His Worship had caused to be placed in a prominent position in the 
Council Chamber. 

Resolved unanimously That the cordial and hearty thanks of this 
Council be tendered to the Most Honourable the Marquess of Bute 
and Earl of Dumfries, K.T., for his generosity in presenting to this 
Corporation a magnificent oil-painting of himself in his robe and chain 
of office as Mayor and Chief Magistrate of the County Borough of 
Cardiff for 1S90-1 ; and the Council hereby records the pleasure with 
which it receives the gift, and assures His Lordship that the same is 
highly appreciated by the people of Cardiff. 

Sub-Committee appointed to consider the siltage in the river 
Taff. 

Resolved That the Borough Engineer be instructed to adopt such 
measures as he may deem desirable, with a view of preventing the 
mud accumulating upon the shoal in the middle of the river Taff 
immediately above tiie Clarence Bridge. 

An extract from the proceedings of the Museum Sub-Committee 
was read regarding the old town stocks, and the matter was left in the 
hands of the Chairman." 



^ The Catholics complained that a public-house had been built in proximity to 
their entrance-gate. 

- The Museum has not yet (eleven years later) obtained the stocks. 



174 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Tram line doubled from High Street to Castle Street. 

Portmanmoor Road is in process of construction. 

Corporation has acquired the strip of land between Westborne 
Crescent and the bank of the Taff, for making a communication between 
Coldstream Terrace and Cardiff Bridge. 

A long strike of operative masons is continuing. 

1S93 February 13. 

Mr. W. G. CoUingwood having received the appointment of 
Assistant Town Clerk of Plymouth, resigns his post under the Cardiff 
Corporation. 

Mr. W. J. Board is promoted to the post of Common Law and 
Conveyancing Clerk. 

Mr. P. H. Gray is appointed to fill the position vacated by the 
resignation of Mr. William Smith in the Town Clerk's Office. 

Correspondence was read relative to the proposed Cardiff 
Harbour Trust. The Town Clerk writes Sir William Lewis that the 
Corporation have under consideration the desirability of establishing a 
Harbour Trust, so that the various interests involved in the docks 
and railways may be consolidated to the advancement of the trade of 
the Port of Cardiff. It was believed that Lord Bute would be willing 
to enter into negotiations for the transfer of the whole property 
forming the Cardiff Docks, and the warehouses, wharves, railways «S:c. 
incidental thereto, with a view to the formation of such a Trust, which 
it was suggested should include the Penarth Docks and the Barry 
Docks. 

Sir William replies that, providing a Trust is formed upon a 
satisfactory basis, the Bute Docks Company are prepared to entertain 
the suggestion. 

1893 iNIarch 13. 

Votes of thanks to the Marquess of Bute for presenting to the 
Corporation a portrait in oils of Alderman Daniel Lewis, hi3 
Lordship's Deputy during his Mayoralty. 

1893 April 10. 

£1 1,000 to the School Board. 



COUNCIL .MINUl'ES, 18S0-1S97. 175 

1S93 May 8. 

The Town Clerk read and the Mayor presented to the Most 
Honourable the Marquess of Bute and Earl of Dumfries, K.T., the 
Vote of Thanks engrossed on vellum, passed by the Council in 
recognition of his eminent services to the Town during his Mayoralty 
( 1 890-1) The Marquess suitably replied. 

The Merchants' Exchange at the Docks having been burned 
down, is in course of reconstruction. 

Resolved That this (General Purposes) Committee desires to 
express its sincere sympathy with the proprietors of the JVesteni Mail 
on the occasion of the disastrous fire, whereby their business premises, 
plant, macliinery and stock have been completely destroyed. 

Town Clerk reported that by an order of the Local Government 
Board, made under the Divided Parishes Acts and dated the 22nd 
December 1882, a formerly detached part of Rumney Civil Parish, 
situate in Glamorganshire, was added to and amalgamated with Roath 
Civil Parish and was ordered to form part of the County of Glamorgan. 
No order, however, was made as to this piece forming part of the 
Borough of Cardiff, the Local Government Board being debarred by 
the provisions of the Divided Parishes Act from making such an order. 
It therefore appeared that the part of the Parish of Roath above 
mentioned was not within the Borough of Cardiff. The Town Clerk 
suggested that the Corporation should make a representation to the 
Local Government Board to add same to the Borough, so that the 
Borough boundary may at this point be co-extensive with the Parish 
of Roath, the whole of which is popularly believed to be within the 
Borough. 

Resolved That a representation be made to the Local Government 
Board that the boundary of the Borough of Cardiff be altered by the 
inclusion within the Borough of so much of the Parish of Roath as 
lies within the County of Glamorgan and is not included in the present 
Municipal Borough of Cardiff. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk, in accordance with the provisions 
of the statute in that behalf, be allowed to take a second articled 
clerk. 

Resolved unanimously That the Council of the County Borough 
of Cardiff, being the metropolis of the Principality of Wales, desire 
most respectfully to renew to Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen 



176 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

the assurance of their devotion to Her Majesty's Person and Throne, 
and to offer their sincere congratulations on the happy and auspicious 
occasion of tlie approaching marriage of Her Majesty's illustrious 
grandson, His Royal Highness the Duke of York, to Her Serene 
Highness the Princess Victoria May of Teck. 

(Like resolutions to be forwarded to the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, and to Prince George and Princess May). 

Resolved That upon the occasion of the marriage of H.R.H. the 
Duke of York to H.S.H. Princess May of Teck, the day be observed 
in Cardiff as a holiday, and that the Mayor be desired to respectfully 
invite the tradespeople to close their places of business and decorate 
their establishments. 

Resolved That all future appointments to be made in the several 
offices and departments of the Corporation shall at the least be locally 
advertised. 

1S93 June 19. 

Town Clerk reported that he had been served with a writ issued 
in an action by Lord Bute against the Corporation, claiming (i) 
Damages for removing the obstruction caused by the silting of the 
river Taff near the Clarence Bridge, and (2) Injunction to restrain 
the Corporation from any repetition thereof. The facts which led to 
the action were as follows : — 

On iS December 1892, the Borough Engineer received from the 
Bute Shipbuilding, Engineering and Dry Dock Co. a letter calling 
attention to the large amount of siltage accumulating in the bed of the 
river between the Clarence Bridge and their ship-yard, requesting 
him to have it removed, and stating that it rendered the approach to 
their property difficult and dangerous. 

The Borougii Engineer was asked to report as to the best way of 
getting rid of the mud, and eventually decided to excavate a channel 
through the centre of the shoal in the river bed and place an old barge 
there filled with debris, so as to turn the water into the said channel. 

These operations were commenced and carried out without 
interference until the 19th ultimo, when the Borough Engineer had an 
interview with Sir William Thomas Lewis on another matter, and 
Sir William incidentally mentioned the work that was then going 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-1897. 177 

forward in the bed of the river Taff. The Borough Engineer informed 
him that the Corporation had undertaken the work at the request of 
the Bute tenants (the above-named Company), and that the same was 
being carried out as one of the duties thrown upon the Corporation 
in their capacity as conservators of the river. 

Immediately after this, on the same day, Lord Bute's SoHcitor, 
Mr. John Stuart Corbett, wrote the Town Clerk alleging that the 
land belonged to the Marquess, that lie should have expected his 
permission would have been asked before the works were commenced, 
and requesting that orders should be given to discontinue the same 
until the objects had been explained to Lord Bute's advisers. The 
Town Clerk then requested Mr. Corbett to state from what date and 
under what authority Lord Bute claimed to be the proprietor of the 
river. Mr. Corbett replied that Lord Bute and his predecessors 
in title had for centuries been the owners of the bed or soil of the 
navigable part of the river Taff; and that this had not been disputed, 
except to some extent by the Crown, which dispute was settled by a 
conveyance of the Crown rights (if any) to Lord Bute. 

The correspondence did not go beyond a statement of the 
claim of the Corporation to be from time immemorial conservators 
of the river Taff, entitling them to certain privileges and rendering 
them liable to various obligations and duties — including the duty of 
keeping the river clear and free from obstruction, in discharge whereof 
the works in question had been carried out. The claim of Lord Bute 
to be owner of the soil forming the bed of the river is by virtue, it is 
presumed, of his own proprietorship of the land on either side. 

The Town Clerk has instructed his Agents to enter appearance to 
the writ and ask for statement of claim, which will entail upon Lord 
Bute the burden of showing his title to the property he claims in the 
bed of the river. 

Resolved That the action of the Town Clerk be approved, and 
that he be instructed to take such steps as he may deem advisable to 
defend the action and assert the title of the Corporation to be conser- 
vators of the river Taff. 

Mr. W. Luke Evans ceases to be Inspector of Weights and 
Measures, and in lieu thereof is appointed Inspector of Explosives 
and Petroleum 

L 



lyS CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Cardiff Incorporated Shipowners' Association write enclosing 
copy of the following resolution : — " That a vote of thanks be sent 
to his Worship the Mayor of Cardiff for the police protection afforded 
the business men at the Docks during the recent dispute with seamen, 
which probably prevented serious rioting and injury to property and 
persons." 

A letter was read from the Local Government Board, enclosing 
copy of a telegram received by the Home Office from Father Butler 
that typhus fever was in the Docks and that no provision was made 
for isolation. 

Dr. Walford presents a special report on the outbreak of typhus 
fever, the first since 1S85. It occurred almost exclusively in the 
Irish quarters of the town ; and among those attacked by the disease 
was the Rev. Father Butler, of Saint Paul's, Tyndall Street, who had 
devoted a great deal of time and attention to his destitute parishioners, 
and visited the houses in which the first known cases occurred. 

Proposed by way of amendment by Mr. Alderman Carey and 
seconded by Mr. Councillor Thomas, That all the references to the 
Irish residents or people in the above report of the Medical Officer of 
Health be eliminated. 

The amendment was carried. 

"Whitehall. 14th June 1893. 
Sir, — I have had the honour to lay before the Queen the Resolu- 
tion of Congratulation passed at a meeting of the Council of the 
County Borough of Cardiff on the occasion of the betrothal of His 
Royal Highness the Duke of York and Her Serene Highness the 
Princess Victoria Mary of Teck ; and I have to inform you that Her 
Majesty was pleased to receive the same very graciously. I have the 
honour to be. Sir, Your obedient Servant. 

VV. H. ASQUITH." 

(The like from the Prince and Princess of Wales, Princess 
Victoria Mary and the Duke of York.) 

,^650 added to the Maj-or's salary, for festivities in connection 
with the forthcoming Royal marriage. 

Sexton of Saint John's church wrote asking £(> for a peal of ten 
bells, from 9 a.m. to 10.30 p.m. on the day of the Royal wedding. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 179 

The Town Clerk was directed to enquire the cost of having the 
bells of Saint Peter's^ rung for the same time. 

At the next meeting it was Resolved That the Town Clerk be 
authorised to order a peal of bells to be rung at Saint John's and 
Saint Peter's. Also that the Town Hall be illuminated and decorated, 
and medals purchased for distribution at the tea to be given to the 
school-children in Cathays Park. 

1893 July 10. 

An action has been commenced against the Corporation, at the 
instance of the Attorney-General, raising the question of the recent 
vote for the increase of the Mayor's remuneration for the purpose of 
celebrating the marriage of the Duke of York ; together with a 
process to set aside the orders for increase of the same salary in 
connection with the visits of the Duke of Clarence and the Lord 
Mayor of London to Cardiff. 

Thomas Caister Major is appointed Inspector of Weights and 
Measures for the Borough; salary ;/^i8o and uniform. 

Resolved unanimously That The Most Honourable the Marquess 
of Bute, K.T., be respectfully and cordially invited to open the Roath 
Park upon his Lordship's next birthday, if convenient. 

The Stipendiary having given a decision in favour of the legality 
of the sale of alcoholic liquor on Sundays in clubs supported by 
common contributions, a number of men are now accustomed to 
assemble on Sundays on a piece of waste ground (popularly termed 
" the Hotel de Marl ") and there broach barrels of beer purchased 
with the money of every comer who throws a few pence into a hole 
in the ground. The police attempting to forcibly suppress these 
assemblies, much excitement and disorder resulted. 

Resolved That a free supply of water be granted to Mr. Charles 
Thompson, of Penhill Close, for the grounds known as Cae-Syr- 
Dafydd during such time as they remain open to the public. 

1893 September 11. 

" Isle of Bute. 

August 19th 1893. 
Dear Mr. Wheatley, — Pray be good enough to convey to the 
Mayor and Council the expression of my sincere thanks for their very 

^ Catholic church, Roath. 



I So CARDIFF RECORDS. 

kind invitation, and of my earnest hopes that the future of Roath Park 
may more than justify the expectations which, as far as I know, 
everyone entertained on the subject. I am very sorry, however, that 
the great probabiHty of important business rendering necessary my 
presence in Scotland puts it out of my power to perform the interesting 
ceremony. — Beheve me, Dear Mr. Wheatley, sincerely yours. 

Bute." 

Mr. Joseph Spiridion having valued the Mayor's chain and badge, 
the loving-cup and the four maces at ^2,Soo, the regalia in question 
were insured for that sum. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1893-1894. 

1893 November 9 Thursday. 

Councillor Trounce elected Mayor ; salary ^350. 

Alderman Daniel Lewis, J. P., appointed Deputy Mayor. 

Moved by Councillor Thomas (in pursuance of notice of motion 
previously given) and 

Resolved That this Council deems it an imperative duty to direct 
a thorough and exliaustive investigation mto the statements and repre- 
sentations of the Soii/Ii JVales Daily Nczvs on the subject of Cardiff 
Lands ; and as a preliminary step desires the Town Clerk to have 
prepared witli all convenient speed a precis of all charters, deeds and 
documents in tlie custody of the Corporation relating to Corporate 
Lands (excluding lands recently acquired for waterworks and improve- 
ment purposes), and of all references to Corporate lands or leases 
thereof in ancient books and records, as well as of all charters, deeds 
and documents the existence of which may be ascertained by references 
in other charters, deeds and documents, but which are not now in the 
possession or custody of the Corporation, and submit a print thereof 
to each member of this Council ; and that a Special Committee be 
appointed for the purpose of ventilating, inquiring into and considering 
the whole subject and reporting to this Council thereon. 

Names taken as follows : — For : The Mayor ; Aldermen Jacobs, 
D. Jones, Sanders and T. Rees : Councillors Ramsdale, Riches, F. J. 
Beavan, VV. Lewis, Tiiomas, N. Rees, Jenkins, Andrews, White, 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1S97. 181 

Munn, Comley, Morgan, Grossman, John and Good — 20. Neutral : 
Alderman D. Lewis. 

Resolved That the following gentlemen be appointed a Special 
Committee for the purpose of carrying out the above resolution : Tiie 
Mayor; Aldermen Jacobs, D. Jones and Sanders; Councillors Vaughan, 
E. Beavan, Ramsdale, Shackell, Riches, F. J. Beavan, Tucker, W. 
Lewis, Thomas, Jenkins, White, Munn, Morgan and Waring. 

Resolved unanimously That the Right Honourable John Crichton 
Stuart, Earl of Dumfries (the eldest son of the Most Honourable the 
Marquess of Bute, K.T.,) be respectfully and cordially invited to open 
the Roath Park on the 25th April 1S94. 

Special Committee ;r Records, 22 November 1S93. Councillor 
Thomas was elected Chairman of the Records Committee, and 
Councillor F. J. Beavan Deputy Chairman. 

Records Committee, i December 1893. Resolved That the 
Town Clerk be instructed to prepare a list of all charters and ancient 
documents &c. in possession of the Corporation and submit same to 
the Sub-Committee mentioned in the following resolution. 

Resolved that the following gentlemen be appointed a Sub- 
Committee for the purpose of considering the above list : The Mayor; 
the Chairman ; Alderman Sanders ; Councillors White and Morgan. 

Town Clerk read a letter dated 9 November 1S93, from Mr. T. 
Carr, offering to copy ancient or indistinct documents at grl. per hour, 
or 3r/. per folio, and id. per folio fair copy ; and also letters dated 7, 
9 and 13 November, from Mr. J. Hobson Matthews, Solicitor (author 
of "A History of Saint Ives, Lelant, Towednack and Zennor"), 
offering his services to this Committee. 

The Right Worshipful the Mayor, (Councillor Trounce) 
presented to the Corporation the Minute Book of the Town Com- 
missioners of Cardifi", from 1815 to 1S37, which he had obtained from 
a local gentleman. 

Resolved unanimously That the best thanks of this Committee be 
accorded to His Worship for his valuable and interesting gift to the 
Corporation. 

Sir E. J. Reed, M.P., forwards the following note: — " I'he 
Secretaries of the Joint Naval and Military Committee (Colonel 
Vetch and Captain Prince Louis of Battenberg) are now engaged 



i82 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

in drawing up their report on the defended ports of Great Britain 
and Ireland. 

They visited Cardiff and Barry Docks in April last and, in 
company with the local military officers, considered on the spot the 
question of the defence of these ports and of the river Severn." 

1893 December 1 1. 

General District Rate is. 30'. in the £. 

Resolved That the honorary freedom of the Borough be conferred 
upon General Roberts, on his approaching visit to Cardiff. 

Deputation of ratepayers presented to the Parliamentary Com- 
mittee a memorial praying them to exercise their powers and procure 
the removal of the hoardings along the Canal Bank in New Street. 

1894 January 8. 

Police-Constable Hudson was rewarded for saving the lives of 
certain children from a fire which broke out at 56 Janet Street. 

"Mount Stuart, Rothesay, Isle of Bute. 

Deer. 19th 1893. 
Dear Mr. Wheatley, — I beg to offer the Mayor and the rest of 
the Council my warm thanks for their very kind proposal as to the 
opening of Roath Park. It would gratify me verj' much that John 
should perform the ceremony. At such a distance of time, however, 
I feel that it would be too rash to try and bind myself by an absolute 
promise ; and perhaps also it may occur to you that, for the opening 
of a Park, a day somewhat later — say at the end of May or early 
part of June, when vegetation is more advanced — might be more 
convenient. Unless there be some reason for April 25 which is 
unknown to me, there is plenty of time to think about this. Allow 
me to take this opportunity of expressing my best wishes for a happy 
Christmas and New Year for all at Cardiff. Believe me. Dear Mr. 
Wheatley, sincerely yours. 

Bute." 

Letter from the High Sheriff of Glamorgan regarding the 
inadequate accommodation for Assize business at Cardiff and 
Swansea, and stating that, if good accommodation were provided at 
Cardiff, no doubt the Assizes would be held at Cardiff exclusively, 



COUNCIL MINUTES. 1SS0-1S97. tgj 

unless Swansea took some action as well. (Referred to the Town 
Hall Committee,) 

1894 Januar}' 26. 

At 12.30 p m. General the Right Hon. Lord Roberts, G.C.B., 
G. C.S.I,, V.C, attended the Council, and was admitted an Honorary 
Freeman of the County Borough of Cardiff, the Admission being 
witnessed by the Mayor and Town Clerk. 

The Mayor presented Lord Roberts with the scrip containing the 
Freedom; and Colonel Sir Edward Hill, M.P., presented his Lordship, 
on behalf of the 2nd Glamorganshire Volunteer Artillery, with a gold 
casket therefor. 

Records Committee, 2 and 5 February. Sub-Committee 2 
February, Town Clerk submitted a Schedule as prepared by him, 
of Charters, ancient documents, books &c. in possession of the 
Corporation. 

Resolved That an expert be engaged for the purpose of reading 
and carefully perusing every document, book &c. contained in the 
schedule submitted by the Town Clerk, and preparing a precis of all 
charters, deeds and documents in the custody of the Corporation 
relating to corporate lands (&;c., as in the first resolution of Council) 
and carefully extracting all references which occur in such documents, 
books &c. in relation to the river Faff and the Corporation being the 
conservators thereof. 

Resolved That Mr. John Hobson Matthews, Solicitor, of Church 
Street, Cardiff, be appointed for the purpose of carrying out the above 
resolution, at a salary of £4 per week ; and that he proceed con- 
tinuously until the completion of the work. 

Records Committee. 5 February. 

Resolved That the expert (Mr. Hobson Matthews) be instructed 
to obtain all possible information and to report to the Sub-Committee 
appointed by this Committee on the ist December 1893, with regard 
to the rights of the Corporation in the foreshores of Cardiff. 

1S94 February 12. 

Parks Committee thank Lord Tredegar for presenting some 
" tame wild ducks " to the Corporation. 



iS4 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1S94 March 12. 

Resolved Tliat the new Park be opened on Wednesday 20 June 
next, the Earl of Dumfries' birthday. That the park be named Roath 
Park. That a gold key and an address be presented to the Earl, as 
the gift of the Parks Committee. That there be a public procession. 
That aquatic sports be held on the lake on the opening-da\\ That six 
memorial trees be planted. 

Borough Engineer stated that Lord Bute's representatives had 
commenced excavating in the bed and foreshore on the eastern side 
of the river Taff, a little below the Penarth Road bridge, with the 
intention of erecting machinery for pumping water from the river 
into the timber-pond adjoining. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk and the Borough Engineer report 
thereon, and meantime take measures to protect the rights of the 
Corporation. 

1S94 April 9. 

_;^I4,400 to the School Board. 

" House of Falkland, Falkland, Fifeshire. 

April 4th 1804. 
My dear Mr. Wheatley, — Pray offer to the Committee m^' sincere 
thanks for the kind thoughtfulness which has dictated their suggestion 
that June 20th, being John's birthday, should be the day upon which 
he is to perform the ceremon}' of opening Roath Park. As far as we 
are able to foresee, we shall be able, as we shall certainly be most 
happy, to be at Cardiff on that day. Believe me, Dear Mr. Wheatley, 
sincerely yours. 

Bute." 

Records Committee, 2 May 1S94. The Preliminary Report of 
the Archivist, Mr. J. Hobson Matthews, was read and was ordered 
to be entered upon the Minutes : — 

Town Hall, Cardiff. 

25 April 1894. 
i\Ir. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Records Committee, 

I have the honour to lay before you a Preliminary Report of my 
work done in connection with the Cardiff Lands and Records 
investigation. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 1S5 

My duties commenced on the 15th of February last. In detail 
they are, as I understand them, the following; — 

1. To examine all the Charters, municipal records and documents 
of title in the custody of the Town Clerk of Cardiff, in order to 
ascertain and report : — 

[a] The extent and history of the landed property of the 

Mayor, Aldermen and Capital Burgesses of the Borough 
of Cardiff; whether the Corporation have been deprived 
of the possession of any lands and tenements, and full 
particulars of any such deprivation. 

(b) What are the respective rights of the Corporation and the 

Most Honourable the Marquess of Bute in the soil of 
the Borough, in the foreshore, and in the Taff. 

(f) The history of the various public charities which are 
or ought to be wholly or partially subject to the 
Corporation's control. 

[d) The nature and condition of the ancient archives in the 
possession of the Corporation ; also whether any have 
been alienated from their possession, and the where- 
abouts of all such alienated archives. 

2. To examine the local records preserved among the national 
archives at the Record Office in London, for the purpose of more 
fully elucidating the above questions. 

3. To endeavour to trace, search out, examine and report upon 
any municipal or other local records which, rightfully or wrongfully, 
may be in the possession of private individuals. 

4. To furnish you with an exhaustive report upon mj' work. 
The Town Clerk having provided me with a schedule of the 

Charters, municipal records and documents of title in his custody, and 
allowed me every facility for examining the same, I found them to be 
as follows : — 

1 1 Charters. 

19 Translations of Charters. 
83 MS. books of Municipal Records. 
5 Bundles of Vouchers, Bonds, miscellaneous old papers and 
fragmentary documents. 

166 parcels of Title Deeds, Abstracts, Copies, Drafts cVc. 



i86 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

6 Maps and Plans, unconnected with deeds. 
8 Terriers, Rentals or Schedules of Corporation Property, for 
the most part comprised in the books. 

I have examined the Charters with their translations, and corrected 
the latter in many instances. 

I have gone through the whole of the Minutes of Council from 
1 710 to 1880 — /.(•. for 170 years consecutively — and have extracted 
everything likely to be of use relating to the matters on which 
information was desired. 

I have also gone through most of the Minute Books of the 
various Committees for the same period. 

The bundles of miscellanea have been carefully sifted, and all 
useful matter extracted therefrom. 

The title-deeds have been systematically examined, and par- 
ticulars of the various properties have been arranged in tabular form 
and chronological order. 

The maps and plans have been made use of to fix the precise 
situations of the Corporation's lands and tenements. (I have, more- 
over, improved my knowledge of these by personal examination of the 
ancient sitesV 

The rent-rolls, of course, have engaged a large share of my 
attention. Though few in number, they have been the tie-beams, so to 
speak, of the work of investigation, holding together and consolidating 
the separate results of my search among the various classes of records. 

Out of these materials I am compiling an exhaustive list of all the 
lands and tenements which belong to the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Capital Burgesses of Cardiff, and of all those which have been in their 
possession at any time during the past 150 years; and in some 
particulars my information extends to a much remoter period. My 
list, though not yet complete, comprises 138 properties. 

As a result of this method of dealing with the records, I am in a 
position to give a minute and consecutive account of most of the 
properties, shewing when and how they came into the possession of 
the Corporation, what has been done with them while they have 
been in their possession, and, where a property has been parted with 
by the Corporation, the date and other particulars of the alienation. 
In not a few cases I shall be able to show how the apathy of former 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 187 

officials, and the designs of interested parties, have brought about the 
loss of property. 

When the information I have already acquired has been supple- 
mented by a search at the Record Office and by the perusal of archives 
which have got into private hands, I shall be able to supply to you the 
fullest and most minute particulars of all the propertj' which is, has 
been, and ought to be, in the possession of the Corporation. 

With reference to the second subject of enquiry, namely the 
respective rights of the Corporation and Lord Bute in the Borough, its 
river and foreshore, I have collected a large quantity of useful 
information, and am in a position to show that the Borough of Cardiff, 
at least as first territorially defined, is subject to no manorial over- 
lordship save such as may have vested in the Crown. I refrain from 
saying more on this head at present, as the subject requires a 
thorough examination in the light of the national archives. I will, 
however, just add that I can satisfactorily establish the claim of the 
Corporation to be the official Conservators of the river Taff, and 
to have been so from the earliest times in the Borough's history. 

With regard to the old public charities of Cardiff, my informa- 
tion is not so ample as I could wish ; though I have made a useful 
summary from the Minutes of Council, &c., of the Corporation's 
transactions from time to time in this respect. What there may be 
at the Record Office to throw light on the question I cannot say, but 
I imagine ample particulars must be obtainable. I gleaned a great 
deal of information there with reference to the charities of Saint Ives, 
when working upon the archives of that borough. 

My final Report to you shall comprise all information as to the 
nature and condition of the ancient archives now in the Town Clerk's 
custody, as well as of the local records which I shall have been able 
to meet with at the Record Office and in the hands of private indi- 
viduals. I shall liave some suggestions to submit to you as to the 
preservation of the invaluable historical muniments of our Borough. 

This brings me to the very weighty question of the alleged 
removal of ancient records from the custody of the Corporation. 
Now that I have gone through nearly all the Cardiff documents 
which were likely to throw any light upon these enquiries, I am able 
to state positively that the Corporation have been deprived of a large 
quantity of muniments, including probably some title-deeds, and 



i88 CARDIFF RECORDS, 

certainly many important and highly interesting official records 
of various kinds, such as early minute and account books, and even 
Charters. I know that there should be at least four earlier Town 
Books than the one commencing 171 1, which is the oldest in the 
Town Clerk's custody ; and it is equally certain that the last Charter 
granted to the Town of Cardiff (that of King James II.) is missing. 

Without having entered upon any investigation into the abstrac- 
tion of the missing records, I have already received hints from more 
than one person as to the present whereabouts of some of them. 
There is every likelihood that a tliorough enquiry will result in 
the tracing of the lost documents, in their being at least perused 
and copied bj' the Corporation, and in some cases of their restoration 
to their rightful custodian, the present Town Clerk. Such an enquiry, 
moreover, is necessary for the complete elucidation of the facts with 
regard to the Corporation's property and the other questions which 
form part of my researches. 

I may add that, in addition to the muniments submitted to me 
by the Town Clerk, I have been able to draw upon a few very 
useful documents shewn to me b}' friends, and upon a mass of notes 
in my own private possession, collected from various historical 
sources. 

It appears from the Minutes of Council that the Corporation has 
for a century past been agitated, at frequently recurring intervals, with a 
desire to sift and examine the questions which you have commissioned 
me to investigate. Time after time the Council has resolved that these 
matters (their landed property, the Lord's manorial claims, the Taff, 
the charities and the records) should be investigated by the Town 
Clerk and reported upon, with a view to vigorous action on behalf of 
the burgesses; and each time has the question been quietly shelved and 
forgotten. This inert policy has resulted in serious pecuniary loss to 
the Corporation, as when, in 1838, for want of the necessary informa- 
tion (which was quite available) to lay before their counsel, the 
Corporation allowed the late Lord Bute to be recognised by the High 
Court as " Lord of the Manor of Cardiff" — a manor which never 
existed save on paper and in the imaginations of apathetic burgesses 
on the one hand, and interested claimants on the other. 

For one week I was occupied in preparing for the Town Clerk a 
Supplemental Brief to be used by Defendants' counsel in the action 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. i8g 

brought by the Marquess of Bute against the Corporation in respect 
of the diversion of the TafT; sucli supplementary brief being practically 
a treatise on the question of the alleged " Manor of Cardiff," in which 
I shewed that such a manor had no existence. 

I am, Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Committee, 
Your obedient Servant. 

John Hobson M.\tthews, 
Expert Archivist to the Corporation. 

The Committee discussed the sale of portions of the foreshore by 
the Crown to Lord Bute and the action of the Corporation thereon, 
and it was 

Resolved That the Town Clerk present a Report upon the matter 
to the Parliamentary Committee. 

Property and Markets Committee, 2 May. An Extract from the 
proceedings of the Finance Committee held on the 25th April was 
read, referring to this Committee an account amounting to ^^5 105. 4^/. 
from the Trustees of Lord Bute in respect of Town tolls, and 
suggesting that enquiry be made as to the purport of this annual 
charge. 

Resolved That the matter be referred to the Records Committee, 
and that they be respectfully requested to direct the Expert (Mr. 
Matthews) to enquire into the matter, and to furnish all possible 
information in reference thereto to this Committee. 

1894 May 7. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk give notice to the Bute authorities 
regarding their action in sinking a well and diverting the course of the 
channel in the river TalT at Grangetown, and informing them that 
the Corporation object thereto, and require the Bute authorities to 
cease their interference with the river at once and restore the premises 
to their former condition. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk give notice to the Bute authorities, 
requesting the removal of the railings brought down from the top of 
the embankment to the bed of the river Taff in two places in the 
Riverside Ward. 

General District Rate is. ^d. in the £. 

Town's Meeting resolved That this Town's Meeting of the citizens 
of Cardiff records its emphatic protest against the unjustifiable attempt, 



190 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

in the Bill now being promoted in Parliament by the Bute Docks 
Company, to obtain compulsory powers of levying tolls on all persons 
leaving Cardiff by water. 

1894 May 23. 

Records Committee, 6 June. 

After reading the Report of the Archivist, Mr. j. Hobson 
Matthews : — 

Resolved That Mr. Matthews be authorised to proceed to London 
at once. 

1894 June 1 1. 

On the adoption of the proceedings of the Records Committee of 
6 June being moved, it was proposed by Councillor Munn, by way of 
amendment, seconded b}' Councillor W. Lewis, and 

Resolved That the paragraph regarding sale of portions of fore- 
shore be rescinded, and that the Town Clerk be desired to send a 
printed Report upon this matter to every member of the Corporation ; 
and that a Special Meeting of the General Purposes Committee be 
held on the 25th instant to consider the same. 

Letter from the Roath Carlylean Society, forwarding a Resolution 
unanimously passed at a public meeting on the 6th instant : — 

" That the acquisition of the foreshore by the Bute Authority in 
1889, on the supposition that the Marquis of Bute was Lord of the 
Manor, should have been strenuously opposed b}' the Corporation at 
the time, and that even now immediate steps should be taken to 
recover the rights of the Town in the said foreshore ; and that this 
Resolution be embodied in a petition to Parliament and the Borough 
Member. 

Proposed by Councillor Thomas, seconded by Alderman Carey, 
b}' way of amendment to a previous motion. That in all future 
appointments of officials employed by the Corporation, where the 
salary does not exceed ^200 per annum — all other things being equal 
— the appointments be confined to residents in the Town of Cardiff 
or within a radius of eight miles of the Town — the Waterworks 
Committee excepted. 

General District Rate is. 30'. in the £. 

Salaries of the Mace-bearers, Charles Pearce and Jacob Wise, 
raised to ^^52 per annum, and uniform. 



COUNCIL MINUTES. 18S0-1S97. 191 

Head Constable reported that a prisoner, named William Morgan, 
had escaped on the 3rd instant from the yard of the Roath Police 
Station. 

Property and Markets Committee, 20 June. The following 
Report of the Archivist was received and ordered to be entered 
upon the Minutes : — 

Chief Rent of £s- 'S^- 7^^/- 

It having Vv'ithin the last few days been asked in Finance 
Committee by what right the Marquess of Bute claims the annual 
payment of ^5. 135. jiid. from the Cardiff Corporation, I have to 
lay before the Chairman and Members of the Records Committee 
of the Town Council a statement of the historical facts involved in 
the question. 

In the first place I will remind the Committee that not only is this 
a very ancient payment, but that the question as to its obligatoriness 
has been raised by the Corporation several times within the last 
hundred years, as may be seen by the Minutes of Council. And 
inasmuch as those Minutes do not record anything beyond the referring 
of the matter to the Town Clerk for the time being for investigation, 
it is to be presumed that the difficulty was not found capable of 
solution in a sense favourable to the wishes of the Corporation. 

This annual payment is, as I shall show, in the nature of a fee- 
farm rent, or chief-rent, i.e. a payment made to the Lords of 
Glamorgan, from whom the Vill of Cardiff originally received her 
privileges, franchises and immunities. 

So early as the year 1296 we find in an Extent of the Earl's 
possessions and revenues the item "and from the toll of the Burgh 
and fairs lOos." 

The pair of gilded spurs to be rendered by the Burgesses to 
the Lord every Michaelmas, under our earliest extant Charter, that 
of 1338, seems to have been an ordinary rent of the land thereby 
granted for the erection of their " Booth Hall." 

The chief-rent appears again in an Extent of 1350, which has 
this statement: "Also the tolls of the Town and of the seas there are 
worth by the year loos." 

According to the Charter granted to Cardiff by Richard, Earl de 
Beauchamp, in 142 1, the Bailiffs and Assistants of the Burgh were to 
take their oaths "to govern well and to collect and levy, before our 



,92 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Constable in our Exchequer of Cardiff, the moneys and customs thence 
due to us sicitf dc antiquo coiisucvit, as was the custom from ancient 
times." On a comparison of this provision with my other references, 
it is evident that we have here an allusion to the chief-rent, that it 
was derived from the tolls of the Town and was paid into the Lord's 
Exchequer by the Municipal authorities, and that it was of ancient 
date. 

The Charter of James II. reserves to the Crown yearly such fee- 
farms, rents &c. as were accustomed to be paid, and makes no 
mention of the Lord. It must be remembered that the Lordship of 
Glamorgan had before this date twice reverted to the Crown, and 
that the Lordship of Cardiff Castle and its dependencies was now 
held in capite of the Crown by the Earl of Pembroke. 

The boundaries between the respective rights, privileges and 
authorities of the Crown and the Lords of Glamorgan had been from 
the earliest times very vague and indefinite ; but it is certain that, 
on the grant of the Lordship by King Edward VI. to the Earl of 
Pembroke, the dignity of the new possession was curtailed of much of 
its ancient power. This diminution of the old feudal authority of the 
Lord was made plain and evident in the reigns of Elizabeth and 
James I. by the pleadings and verdict in the celebrated Action brought 
by the Earl against one of the burgesses, when it was shewn that he 
(the Earl) was not Lord of the soil of the Borough of Cardiff, nor of 
a Manor of Cardiff.' 

That verdict might have been expected to affect the Earl of 
Pembroke's position as the representative in title of the Norman 
Barons whose politic generosity first created the Municipality of 
Cardiff, and consequently to affect the immemorial payment of the 
chief-rent. However, in 1666, in an Inqiiisitio held at Cardiff on the 
Earl's decease, the Jurors declared as follows : — 

" For the privileges and liberties held by this Towne Corporate 
they say that y^ s'' Corporac'on of Cardiff have held and ought to hold 
the same in fee farm for ever according to their Charters and auntient 

' Since the above Report was written, I have somewhat modified my view as to 
the practical effect of the verdict in the Exchequer suit of 1604. There was no 
"Manor of CardiiT" ; but the Lord of Cardiff Castle and its dependencies was Lord of 
the Borough of Carditl', and the verdict does not show that he was not Lord of the 

soil. J.H.M. 1904. 




The Imhk Kims, XiwTnki lu 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 193 

customs, paying therefore yearly to y*^ Lord & his L'dship's Auditor 
after Michaelmas y* some of Five pounds thirteen shillings and seven 
pence half-penny, for which the Baylifes of y*^ s<^ Towne for y^ time 
being do every yeare respectively account." 

It is not clear why the chief-rent, which in 1350 was stated at a 
hundred shillings, should in 1666 be _;^5. 13s. y^d. as it still is. I 
imagine the sum was originally 34 marks, ie. £^. 13s. 4(/. ; and that 
34 marks, at the same date, was equal to 100 shillings of the money of 
that period. A mark is said to equal 3s. 40'. of our present coinage ; 
but it must be remembered that a penny of early mediasval money 
was equivalent to about a shilling of these days. On the whole, then, 
the manifold fluctuations in the value of money, and the alteration of 
the coinage, are sufficient to account for the discrepancy. 

We now come to the Charter of King James II., granted in 16S7. 
This differs in a very remarkable manner from that of King James 
I., in providing an express reservation of the rights of the Earl of 
Pembroke. The clause runs thus : — 

" Saving always and to the aforesaid Thomas Earl of Pembroke 
and also to the Lady Charlotte Herbert daughter and heir of Philip 
late Earl of Pembroke deceased their heirs and assigns reserved All 
such the like the same and similar rents rights powers customs and 
privileges whatsoever as and which the predecessors of the aforesaid 
Thomas Earl of Pembroke and the Lady Charlotte Herbert at any 
time have used and enjoyed within the Town aforesaid or the limits 
or precints thereof" 

This clause is so liberal in its wording — reserving, as it does, to 
the Earl of Pembroke and his successors all rents &c. which his 
predecessors at any time had enjoyed — that it certainly discounts the 
effect of the silence of the first James' Charter in this respect; but it is 
doubtful whether this Charter was ever received by the Town. 

To turn to the Corporation's books of minutes and accounts, we 
find throughout them constant entries of the payment of the high or 
chief rent. The Common Attorneys' Accounts have these items: — 
1 71 2 " Paid my Lord Windsor's Auditor £^. 13. 7^." 
1714 " Paid M'' Seward my Lord's Rent £1 1. 14. 1 1." 
1720 "Paid Lord Windsor's Rent £^. 13. 7|." 
1724 " Paid M'' Seward my Lord's Rent £ii- 14. 1 1." doubtless 
for two years' rent and interest. 



194 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The Lord's Rentals, as cited in Mr. Serjeant Talfourd's Brief in 
Williams v. Corporation of Cardiff, 1S34, show that the same sum was 
paid in the years 1730, 1746, 1758, 1759, 1760 and 1799. And to 
revert to the Common Attorneys' Accounts, we have these further 
entries : — 

1730 " P<^ to Lord Windsor a year's rent as p' receipt dated S'^ 
December 173S: ^5. [3. yh" 

17S3 December 16 &c. "To Lord Cardiff ^5. 13. 7^ " 

1792 " By Cash paid Right Hon^i^ Earl Bute rent £s- ^3- 7h" 

1519 " P<J Mr John Bird as Agent for the Marquess of Bute 
arrears of Fee Farm rents of the tolls of the Market to Michaelmas 
iSiS: /60. 4. 4^." 

1520 May iS " Pd Lord Bute int' of /1060. 3. 3. and for tolls 
;^58. 13-9." 

By the Minutes of Council for 1S25 it appears that the question 
of this payment was then raised. The Order runs : — 

" Ordered : That the Marquess of Bute be requested to furnish 
the Corporation with a copy of the Grant under which his Lordship 
claims the Reserved Rent of ^5. 13. 7^. from the Corporation." 

No further record in relation to this Order appears, so that it is 
probable Lord Bute's Solicitor satisfied the Council of his right 
to levy the payment; and in 1S35 we find the same payment again 
recorded : — 

1S35 July 31. "Paid the Marquess of Bute a year's Rent of 
Tolls due Ms. last ^^5. 13. 7|." 

1S36. This year an account of Annual Expenditure contains the 
item: "Marquess of Bute for Tolls £s- ij- 7h-" 

(From 1837 to 1842 inclusive, no entry of any such payment 
occurs.) 

In 1S37 the general question of the tolls was brought prominently 
forward by an Action at law, in which the Corporation was Defendant. 
David Evans, Constable, demanded toll of a waggon-load of grain 
brought into the town by Christopher Williams, and, on being refused, 
seized the toll in kind. Williams brought an Action of trespass 
against the Corporation, who prepared a case for the opinion of 
Counsel. In this case the Town Clerk submitted that the Corporation 
had a right to levy toll, the quid pro quo being their maintenance of an 
official weigher and of the Market-house and its appliances, and their 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 195 

immemorial payment of a fee-farm rent to the Lord for trie right to 
levy tolls. Counsel advised that this Action should be settled, and 
that the right to tolls should be vindicated in a new Action, with 
the Corporation as Plaintiff. However, I do not find that this was 
done. 

My opinion is that, as things stand, the annual chief-rent of 
£S- 135- 7\'i- is perfectly legal, and that the abundant evidence of its 
immemorial exaction by the Lord, and payment by the Burgesses, 
precludes the Corporation from successfully resisting the demand in 
any ordinary Action at law for customary rent due. 

There is, however, a deeper question underlying this. It appears 
to me that the first payment of this rent to the Earl of Pembroke, 
after the Lordship had been granted to him by King Edward VI., was 
illegal. The chief-rent was an incident of the original feudal supremacy 
of the Lords of Glamorgan and Morganwg ; but when once their 
anomalous jurisdiction had vested in the Sovereign, by the extinction 
of the ancient baronial house, sucli a rent-charge as this became the 
right of the Crown. For it to have been legally continued as a right 
of the new grantee of the Lordship, it should have been expressly 
given to him b}^ the Crown. I have not yet seen the full Particulars 
of Edward the Sixth's grant — they are at the Record Office — but I 
do not believe they comprise a new grant of the chief-rent which had 
been anciently payable to the Lords out of the tolls of the Vill of 
Cardiff. If I am correct, it would perhaps be open to the Corporation 
to dispute the claim to this annual payment, on the ground solely that 
it had been demanded and rendered for the past three centuries under 
a mistake as to the facts — for no lapse of time is a bar to the rights of 
the Crown. No doubt also it would be an easy matter to induce the 
Crown to forego its claim to the payment. But to contest the matter 
with the Managers of the Bute Estate would be to embark upon legal 
proceedings of the most formidable kind. 

John Hobson Matthews, 
Expert Archivist to the Corporation. 

Resolved that the above Report be referred to the Finance 
Committee. 



196 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Further Report of the Archivist : — 

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Records Committee, 

In accordance with your instructions, I went to the London 
Record Office with the object of inspecting the Patent Roll of the 
Grant made by King Edward YI. to Sir William Herbert (afterwards 
Earl of Pembroke), Lord Bute's predecessor in title, on 7 May 1550. 

On going through the Indices at the Search Room, I found that 
many grants of lands, revenues, offices and distinctions were made to 
Sir William Herbert about that time, as he was a person greatly in 
favour at the Court. 

I went through the Patent Rolls of that period, but, to my surprise 
and disappointment, found no grant of lands at Cardiff, though I came 
across the Particulars for the same. The Particulars are a collection 
of documents setting forth in detail the precise properties which are 
to be granted, drawn up on behalf of, and signed by, the intending 
grantee. Mr. E. Salisbury, the courteous Official in charge of the 
Search Room, most kindly helped me in my search for the Patent, 
and expressed great surprise that it was apparently not to be found. 
He suggested that I should return the following day and examine a 
class of documents called Ministers' Accounts, among which it was 
just possible the grant might be, under another form. Meanwhile I 
carefully copied the Particulars for the grant, so far as they relate 
to possessions in and around Cardiff'. On leaving the Record Office 
in the evening, 1 called on your Chairman at his hotel, and told him 
how I had fared. Mr. Thomas then handed me that day's South 
IVales Daily AVa'5, the leading article of which stated that the grant 
in question was really made by Letters Patent ; but that, on search 
being made for the Counterpart at the Record Office, some years 
ago, it was then missing. This confirmed me in the belief that the 
document would not be found among the national archives. 

Next day I sought for it in vain among the Ministers' Accounts of 
1550, and tlien thought I would have one more look through the 
Patent Roll in which this grant ought to have been. I went therefore 
through the Roll again. It is some 20 yards in length and about a 
foot wide. At the very end of it was an immense blot or smear, as 
though the parchment had been daubed over with a house-painter's 
brush full of a dark brown pigment. On close examination, I could 
see writing under this smudge, and it proved to be the Patent I 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1S97. i97 

wanted. As the document is a long one, you will not be surprised 
that it took me the whole day to decipher and copy it ; for, in addition 
to its ink bath, it is in the peculiarly difficult calligraphy of Edward 
the Sixth's time, and in very abbreviated Law Latin. I made a copy 
of so much of the grant as concerns the lands around Cardiff. It 
includes, beside these, possessions in other parts of Glamorgan, 
and in Breconshire, Monmouthshire, Radnorshire, Gloucestershire, 
Worcestershire, Wiltshire, Staffordshire, Essex and Middlesex. 

The language of this document is, if not ambiguous, provokingly 
oracular. Its framer did not foresee the legal questions which were 
so soon to arise ; and therefore he did not, in such unmistakeable 
terms as we could wish, state "Cardiff is" or "Cardiff is not" 
a manor or part of a manor. But this very lack of distinctness is 
a point in favour of our position. Definite rights and powers must 
be granted by definite and precise wording. Our contention, in fact, 
is the contention of Morgan William, the Defendant in the great law- 
suit of the Earl of Pembroke versus William, which lasted four years 
and was decided, in the reign of James I., adversely to the claims 
of the Lord over the Town. The Defendant in that Action pleaded 
that the Earl "hath not the said seigniory of Glamorgan and 
Morganwg granted unto him by the Letters Patent in the fourth 
year of Edward the Sixth, by any special or express words." 

You have seen that these Letters Patent purport to grant certain 
demesnes, manors and other estates, but that they fail to specify which 
are manors. They grant a number of manorial rights (or rights 
usually associated with manors), but in general terms and without 
particularising which are the manors to which those rights are 
incident. They do not say either that Cardiff was, or was not, con- 
sidered a manor or parcel of a manor. This apparently intentional 
vagueness may be disappointing to us, but it must be still more 
unsatisfactory to those persons on whom lies the burden of proving 
the existence of a Manor of Cardiff. 

You also see that in the Particulars themselves, which are drawn 
up in careful detail, no such manor as a Manor of Cardiff is named, 
nor is it stated that Cardiff was any part of a manor. There are, it is 
true, certain rights or dues of a feudal nature, payable by the Town to 
the Lord of the Castle, such as the prisage of ale, and the farm of the 



igS CARDIFF RECORDS. 

tolls — in respect of which last an annual rent is paid to the Marquess 
of Bute — but a much greater number of such exactions would not be 
proof that the Town which paid them was any part of a manor,' 

I siiould explain that the rents called Castle Ward were chief- 
rents payable by the tenants of certain manors in Glamorgan, to the 
Lord of Cardiff Castle as the representative of the ancient overlords 
of Glamorgan and Morganwg of whom such manors were originally 
holden. The theory was that the underlords were bound to defend 
Cardiff Castle, and to maintain in repair specified portions of the 
ramparts. 

To sum up, my own view of these documents is that the Patent 
itself is far too vaguely worded to prove the existence of a Manor of 
Cardiff; and that the Particulars may be held to disprove it, from 
their failure to mention such a manor. Certainly neither document 
can avail those whose place it is to demonstrate the affirmative. 

John Hobson Matthews, 
Expert Archivist to the Corporation. 
i6 June 1S94. 

Resolved That Mr. Matthews be authorised to proceed to London 
forthwith, for the purpose of making such searches as will enable him 
to complete his report. 

The Committee discussed the rights of the Corporation in the 
foreshore prior to the acquisition of portions thereof bj' Lord Windsor 
and Lord Bute, and the matter was left in the hands of the Chairman 
and Mr. Matthews to make inquiries and report further thereon to the 
next meeting. 

Resolved That Mr. J. Hobson Matthews be requested to bring 
before this Committee such information, from the Brief he has prepared 
for Counsel upon the foreshore question, as will enable this Committee 
to form an opinion regarding the rights of the Corporation therein. 

' Ten years after writing tlie above Report, I do not think I was right in 
drawing such a sharp distinction between "a parcel of a manor" and an area within 
which the Lord could exercise any rights of supremacy. My present view is that, 
tliough there is no " Manor of Cardiif," the Lord of Cardifi' Castle and its dependen- 
cies enjoys certain overlorUsliip rights within the Borough of Cardiff, as incident to his 
Manor of Roath-Dogfield, and that these rigiits are implicitly contained in the grant 
of 1550.— J. H. M. 



COUNXIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 199 

1894 July 9. 

Resolved unanimously That while this (Parks) Committee 
disclaim any responsibility in the matter, they desire most respect- 
fully to express their heartfelt sympathy and sincere condolence with 
the relatives of the late William Henry Blakemore, who was 
accidently drowned in Roath Park Lake on the 4th instant. 

Police-Constables Gretton and Dick are to be promoted to the 
rank of Detective Officers and respectively advanced a class, for 
meritorious services in arresting burglars on the 4th and loth 
instant. 

Head Constable received permission from the Watch Committee 
to apply for the appointment of Head Constable at Bristol. 

A Sub-Committee was appointed to confer with the Head 
Constable, with a view to the retention of his services at Cardiff, 
and to make a recommendation to the Council on the subject. 

Archivist's further Report : — 

In accordance with your instructions I have examined and 
copied, at the London Record Office, such documents as I thought 
would throw light upon the question of the alleged Manor of Cardiff 
and the various issues which depend upon the solution of that 
question. 

In an account of the year 13 16 I discovered what will afford, I 
suppose, great satisfaction to some people in the Town.' It is a 
unique occurrence of the phrase " Manerium de Kaerdif" — Manor of 
Cardiff. Its value as a piece of evidence in favour of the manorial 
theory is, however, entirely negatived by the fact that it appears 
under the head not of Cardiff, but of Roath, shewing that it was 
applied to the Castle and its immediate dependencies, as an appendage 
of the Manor of Roath. The heading is ' ROATH,' immediately under 
which is the subordinate heading 'Manerium dc Kacrdij! The items 
of the account refer to Roath Manor and Cardiff Castle, and not to the 
Town, the latter being dealt with under a previous and separate 
heading. 

Of a date early in the reign of Elizabeth I have a curious paper, 
headed "Articles objected against the Earl of Pembroke." It is 
neither dated nor signed, but is evidently a private communication 

1 The allusion is to my anonymous critics in the local press. — J. H. M. 



206 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

sent from some gentleman in Glamorgan, to the Lord Treasurer, 
calling his attention to the fact that the Earl was wrongfully claiming 
high seignioral rights in this Count}' — rights to which the writer was 
strongly of opinion the Earl had no real title. The value of this 
document lies in its being the earliest appearance of that long dispute 
about the relative rights of the Crown, the Burgesses and the Lord 
which, with short intervals, has continued right down to our own 
time. The communication was at least deemed of sufficient impor- 
tance to be docketed and pigeon-holed among the State Papers. 

In the 3'ear 1571 a certain Rice and others, servants of the 
Mansell family (by whom, probably, they were instigated), brought 
a suit against the Earl of Pembroke for trespass in connection with 
the Shire Hall of Cardiff. Here, evidently, was a test case for the 
purpose of tr3'ing those much-disputed seignioral rights. Unfortu- 
nately, I have not been able to find the Judge's decision of the 
matter; but I have copied the pleadings, which are of great interest. 

1601. This year died Henry, third Earl of Pembroke, and I have 
copied almost in full the Inquisition of his landed property. I was 
fortunate to find the very important particulars of his Glamorgan 
possessions, for the Inquisitions on the death of the first two Earls 
are not at the Record Office — unless they are among the uncalendared 
archives from Cardiff Castle, to which I shall refer later. The third 
Earl's Inquisition was calendared under Wiltshire, where some of 
his ancestral tenements lay. The Search-Room Official did not 
think it would comprise the lands in South Wales, though he said 
there would be no harm in looking. I therefore got this Inquisition, 
and was very pleased to find the Welsh lands fully set out in it. 
I consider this as valuable a find as any I have made. It lends no 
support to the theory of a Manor of Cardiff, still less to the Lord's 
exercise of manorial rights within the ancient liberties. 

The action at law to which I have so often adverted, entitled 
" The Earl of Pembroke versus Morgan William," lasted four years and 
was terminated in 1604. This was almost the first thing I looked for 
at the Record Office. The pleadings and documents therein are very 
lengthy; but I thought it necessary to copy the whole, in view of its 
importance. It seems to have been another test case for the settle- 
ment iif the endless questions as to the Lord's rights in the Town. 
The Defendant was sued for damages for defamation of title. The 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. 2ot 

victory was nicely divided between tiie contending parties, leaving 
the dispute with life enough to carry it through another couple of 
centuries. I hope you will set it at rest once and for all. 

In 1607 I have the pleadings in a curious action for slander, 
brought by one branch of the Herbert family against another. I at 
first thought tliis referred to Glamorgan, but found its greatest 
interest lay in shewing that the Welsh language was at that time 
commonly spoken in the immediate vicinity of the city of Hereford. 

Lastly, under date 1609, is a long bill sent to the Lord Treasurer 
by one Jordan, a Customs Officer at Cardiff, for expenses consequent 
on his being imprisoned by the Bailiffs of Cardiff for having seized to 
the King's use a cargo of hides which the Countess of Pembroke 
claimed as her escheat — another dispute arising out of the great question 
of the Lordship. The series of Ministers' Accounts and Inquisitions 
will be fairly complete when I have finished copying and translating 
those printed in Clark's " Cartae." Those referred to in this Report 
(with one exception) are, I think, not comprised in the "Cartae." 

Apropos of Mr. Clark's admirable work, I ought to mention that 
I have found some inaccuracies in his copying of our Municipal 
Charters. In particular he has erred so far, and in such an important 
point, as to completely mistranslate the wording of the ancient 
liberties of the town, as defined in the Charter of 1430. The reason 
Mr. Clark's editor fell into that mistake evidently is, that he had 
preconceived the idea that the liberties must be within the walls, 
whereas, in fact, they extended far beyond them. He therefore 
translates in parte boreali ("towards the north") as if it were in 
porta boreali ("at the North Gate"), and so on with the three other 
gates. ^ In the fact that the burgesses' liberties extended beyond 
the walls lies the strength of our position against more than one 
line of legal attack. 

On the whole, after reading the documents I have found in 
London, I feel more satisfied than ever in my own mind, not only of 
the comparatively insignificant fact that there is no such manor as a 
Manor of Cardiff, but of the more important one that the liberties of 



' In endeavouring to point out this inistake {ante, Vol. I., p. 9), I myself com- 
mitted a bad slip of the pen, thereby incurring the cheap and angry but evasive 
criticism of the learned gentleman responsible for the original blunders. 



5C5 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

our Borough cannot rightly be affected by any claim on the part of the 
representatives in title of Sir William Herbert, the successful courtier 
of Edward and Elizabeth. 

It is, of course, for the Town Clerk, as your legal adviser, to say 
whether you will be safe in accepting this view of the facts and in 
giving practical effect thereto. 

On enquiry at the Record Office I learned that the records of the 
old Chancery and Exchequer of Glamorgan, which were sent up from 
Cardiff some thirty years ago, are still uncalendared, though placed in 
some kind of order for searching. These documents must be a mine 
of wealth for anyone desiring information on the past history of the 
Town and Lordship, and would, probably, tell us more of what we 
want to know than any other records in e.xistence. But their 
uncatalogued state would make the work one requiring more than an 
ordinary amount of patience. 

I am, Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen, 

Your obedient servant. 

John Hobson IVIatthews. 
Cardiff. 25 July 1894. 

An extract from the proceedings of the Council was read, 
referring to this Committee for consideration the Report of the 
Town Clerk upon the foreshore. 

Resolved that the same, with Mr. Matthews' Report, be referred 
to the Sub-Committee. 

1S94 August 13. 

Public Meeting of Ratepayers protests against the proposal to 
run trams and buses on Sundays, and a deputation of prominent 
Nonconformists attended the Council and urged a like protest. 

Corporation Inspector (Joshua Davies) appointed under the Shop 
Hours Act ; salary 30s. per week. He is to act under the direction 
of the Medical Officer of Health. 

Special Theatres Committee refuse to take action with regard to 
certain pictorial placards known as the "Don Juan" posters, at the 
instance of the Cardiff Social Reform Council. 

1894 September 10. 

A motion in favour of running trams and buses on Sundays was 
defeated in the Council. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-iSq;. 203 

Drapers' Company of London vote ^350 for five years to the 
South Wales University College. 

1S94 September 24. 

Among the premises declared free from swine-fever is Tyn-y- 
coed Farm, in tenure of H. Chandler. 

1S94 October 8. 

_;^I4,000 to the School Board. 

Police-Constables Walter Canning and Edward Townsend are 
dismissed the Force, the}- having been committed for trial on a charge 
of stealing a belly of bacon, value lis. 6d., from the shop of Mr. 
Guy, 43 Salisbury Road. 

1894 October 29. 

General Purposes Committee Resolved unanimously That this 
Meeting of the Town Council of Cardiff desire to express extreme 
sorrow at the untimely death of His Majesty the Czar of Russia, and 
to put on record their sympathy and condolence with the Russian 
Court and nation in their great and irreparable loss ; and that a copy 
of this Resolution be forwarded to the Russian Consul at Cardiff. 

New Councillors elected : — W. Evans, Central Ward ; T. Morel, 
South Ward ; H. White, Cathays Ward ; E. Beavan, Park Ward ; 
J. Munn, Adamsdown Ward ; F. J. Beavan, Riverside Ward ; George 
David, Roath Ward; J. Comley, Splott Ward. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1894-1895. 

1894 November 9 Friday. 

Alderman William Patrick Carey, J. P., elected Mayor; salary 
/350. 

Alderman T. W. Jacobs appointed Deputy Mayor. 

Records Committee, 4 December. Resolved That the Town 
Clerk prepare a list of the whole of the matters relegated to this 
Committee, and send the same to Mr. Hobson Matthews, with 
instructions to prepare a report as to what he has done with regard 
to each matter, and to submit the same to the Chairman, who will 
thereupon convene a meeting of the Sub-Committee. 



404 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Resolved That the Mayor, the Chairman and Councillor White 
confer with Mr. Hobson Matthews as to iiis remuneration. 

1894 December 10. 

The Library Association of the United Kingdom signify their 
acceptance of the Corporation's invitation to hold their meeting for 
1896 at Cardiff. 

The Secretary of the Bath and West of England Agricultural 
Society accepts the invitation to hold their Annual Show at Cardiff 
in 1898. 

Moved by Councillor Harris and Resolved That the time has 
now come for the Corporation to arrive at a definite decision regard- 
ing the weiring of the river Taff in the centre of the Town, and that 
a Special Committee be formed with that object. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Sir Morgan 
Morgan. 

Theatres Committee, after due enquiry, are of opinion that 
there is no ground for the complaint of the Actors' Association of 
insufficient accommodation for actors and actresses at the Theatre 
Royal. 

Sub-Committee appointed to consider the best wood for paving 
carriage-ways. 

Town Clerk writes Mr. J. S. Corbett complaining that the Bute 
Docks Co. are enclosing part of a highway at the junction of Bute 
Street and Stuart Street. 

Mr. Corbett agrees to remove the railings at the place in 
question. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk cause the records of the 
Corporation to be searched for the purpose of ascertaining the facts 
regarding the laying down of the railway across the end of Bute 
Street. 

1895 January 14. 

Common Seal affixed to a Conveyance from the Marquess of Bute 
to the Corporation of Cardiff of land at Park Place for the purposes 
of a Museum and Art Gallery. 

Mr. J. S. Corbett writes repudiating any claim of the Corporation 
to a right of way to the landing-place at the Pier Head. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. 205 

The Town Clerk replies that the right has been iminemorially 
exercised. 

Property and Markets Sub-Committee. The Town Clerk read a 
letter from Mr. J. Hobson Matthews stating that the fullest information 
concerning the river Taff and foreshore was contained in the Report 
which Mr. Matthews had presented to the Committee. 

After a long discussion it was Resolved not to take any further 
proceedings in regard to the above matters until after Lord Bute's 
Reply to the Statement of Defence had been delivered. 

The Committee proceeded to Penarth Road Bridge and inspected 
the building now in progress to be used as a pumping-station adjoining 
the river Taff, as well as the refuse which has been tipped into the 
river at that point. They subsequently visited that part of the Taff 
adjoining the Clarence Bridge, where a barge had been sunk by the 
Corporation for the purpose of diverting the river and removing the 
mud bank. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk be desired to prepare a statement 
shewing the whole of the facts in relation to the case. 

1S95 February iS. 

Committee appointed to arrange for the presentation of the 
Honorary Freedom of the Borough to Sir E. J. Reed, M.P., expenses 
in connection therewith not to exceed 100 guineas. 

Corporation has purchased Messrs. Brain's old brewery at Jones' 
Court, Womanby Street. 

Mr. W. H. Andrew, Solicitor, is appointed Assistant Con- 
veyancing and Committee Clerk in the place of Mr. F. C. Lloyd, who 
has received the appointment of Town Clerk of Huddersfield. 

Property and Markets Sub-Committee. Resolved That Mr. J. 
Hobson Matthews be requested to prepare, under the direction of the 
Town Clerk,' a full and comprehensive statement of all the facts now 
in possession of the Town Clerk regarding the river Taff; such 
statement to include details as to the action instituted by Lord Bute, 
as well as that proposed to be commenced by the Corporation against 
Lord Bute ; also a statement of the facts in relation to the Cardiff 
foreshore. 

1 At this time the .Archivist was engaged in the ordinary legal work of the Town 
Clerk's office. 



200 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Councillor W. 
E. Vaughan, J. P. 

1895 April 8. 

Illtyd Thomas, of 22 Saint John's Crescent, Canton, auctioneer, 
elected Councillor for the Canton Ward. (D. Lloyd Meyrick, Solicitor, 
was the unsuccessful candidate.) 

Councillor G. Beynon Harris brought forward a motion in favor 
of permitting boating on the Roath Park Lake on Sundays. A Noncon- 
formist deputation attended to protest against the proposal, and the 
motion was defeated on division. The only members voting for it 
were Councillors Harris and Waring. 

In the action Bute v. Corporation, Plaintiff has taken out a 
Summons for Affidavit of Documents. A like summons is to issue on 
behalf of Defendants ; and the Borough Engineer is instructed, in 
pursuance of Counsel's Opinion, to remove the barge near Grangetown 
Bridge. 

1895 April 22. 

Resolved That, in consideration of the unsatisfactory estimates 
submitted for the ensuing six months by the Finance Committee, a 
Special Committee be appointed to ascertain and report to the Council, 
with the object of reducing the rate. 

Bute V. Corporation. Town Clerk submitted Replies proposed 
to be delivered to Plaintiff's Interrogatories, and same were approved. 

Victor Tucker appointed a Junior Clerk in the Town Clerk's 
Office. 

Frederick Crovvte appointed Shorthand and Engrossing Clerk. 

The late house of the Head Constable is to be given over to Mrs. 
James, the Hall Keeper's wife. 

The old News Room in the Town Hall is to be converted into a 
withdrawing-room for the Members of the Council. 

The east side of the Free Library is to be set back to widen 
Working Street. 

1S95 May 13. 

The Mayor reported that he had appointed John Bulger, of 15 
Sandon Road, Cardiff', as Sergeant-at-Mace {vice Charles Pearce 
deceased); salary £-,2 per annum, and uniform. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-iSoy. 207 

Records Sub Committee, S January, Resolved That the Town 
Clerk be requested to hand to the Chairman, for the use of this Sub- 
Committee, the original Report of Mr. Hobson Matthews regarding the 
river Taff &c. 

Town Clerk reported that, in accordance with the Resolution 
passed by the Records Committee on 4 December, he had prepared a 
list of the whole of the matters relegated to the Committee and 
forwarded the same to the Expert (Mr. J. Hobson Matthews^i ; and Mr. 
Matthews read his Report thereon. 

Resolved That the same be presented to the Council in its 
present form, and that Mr. Matthews be instructed to proceed with 
the work indicated in the above Report. 

January 29. Resolved That Mr. Matthews be authorized to 
search the Llandaff Probate Registry and examine such Wills as may 
be necessary for enabling him to complete his Report. 

Resolved that the Town Clerk be desired to place himself in 
communication with Messrs. Shirley, asking them to afford Mr. 
Matthews facilities for searching their old papers with a view of any 
documents relating to Corporation matters being handed over to the 
Council. 

Resolved That Mr. Hobson Matthews be authorized to forward 
to the Secretary of tiie Royal Commission on Land in W'ales and 
Monmouthshire the information required by the Commission regarding 
Manors in and around Cardiff, with their situation and the names of 
the present Lords. 

May 6. A letter was read from Mr. Rhys WilHams (Assistant 
Charity Commissioner) asking permission to inspect any notes and 
papers relating to the Charities of Glamorganshire in the possession of 
the Corporation, to assist him in preparing his Report thereon. 

Resolved that the inspection be permitted. 

Mr. Hobson Matthews presented his Report on his work and 
researches to date. 

An extract from the proceedings of the Council was read, 
appointing Councillor lUtyd Thomas a member of the Records Com- 
mittee. 

Letter was read from Mr. F. S. Tolputt, Collector of Customs, 
stating there was no objection to the Archivist inspecting any old 



2o8 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

books in store at his office, provided no extracts were used or published 
without first submitting a copy to the Board. 

Resolved That the Royal Commission on Land in Wales and 
Monmouthshire be asked to reimburse the Corporation the cost, 
amounting to about £io, of supplying the information required by 
the Commission regarding Manors in and around Cardiff. 

1S95 May 27. 

General District Rate 15. 6d. in the £. 

Letter read : — 

Broadway Chambers, Westminster, 

London, S.W. May 24, 1895. 

Dear Mr. Mayor, — I extremely regret the necessity of with- 
drawing my acceptance of the Freedom of Cardiff, which was tendered 
to me by a unanimous vote of the Council some months ago. I 
gladly accepted it in the belief that every Councillor who voted for it 
did so as a recognition of past services, and as entirely free from all 
conditions. I of course understood that it was unanimously tendered 
on the occasion of my prospective retirement at the end of the present 
Parliament ; and had the presentation been carried through in the spirit 
in which I understood it to be offered, I should have felt it to be all 
but impossible — probably quite impossible — to have yielded to any 
solicitations for a renewal of my candidature for the Cardiff seat in 
Parliament. But it is one thing to feel and carry out such an under- 
standing in the perfect exercise of that personal freedom which is so 
dear to us all, and it is quite another to have that understanding 
formulated, pressed upon you by a pubHc debate, and made the subject 
of a resolution in the very Council which seemed to be offering a 
spontaneous, unequivocal and unconditional distinction. That which 
would have been a matter of just pride and real honour, had the 
Council carried it through as I had anticipated, would become, in my 
eyes, a memorial, not of increased freedom, but of freedom sacrificed 
and lost, were I to accept it after the Council, from within itself and 
by some of its own members, had been asked to impose upon me 
conditions with respect to the future. Your Worship is aware that I 
am here only repeating what I privately wrote to you at the very 
moment when, on my return from France last week, I became 
acquainted with the motion made by the Conservative ex-Mayor, and 



=^I ^ I- \ ^L ^4, 



>^m 







COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 209 

with the debate that followed. If my duty in the matter was clear — 
as it no doubt was — a resolution of the kind could only have been 
thought necessary on the presumption that I might possibly violate 
that duty ; and that assumption was greatly out of place, I submit, in 
connection with the public honour to be conferred by the town. At 
any rate that assumption, although proceeding from a political 
opponent and for an obvious political purpose, has quenched within 
my breast the pride and pleasure with which I had hoped to practi- 
cally terminate my representation of the great County Borough of 
Cardiff, with which I have been so closely and happily identified for 
fifteen years past. Under the circumstances I may be permitted to 
say that I have received repeated personal honours from the hands of 
our .Sovereign, and similar honours from other Sovereigns ; but in no 
case has the bestowal of the honour been connected with anything 
but past services, and I should have been amazed indeed had they 
associated with it reminders of my future obligations ! The ex- 
Mayor's idea was, I believe, an absolute novelty. I therefore beg 
leave to withdraw my acceptance of the proposed honour, and in 
doing so to beg you, dear Mr. Mayor, to express to the members of 
the Council my extreme regret at finding it necessary to do so, 
coupled with my warmest thanks to your Worship and to them for 
the kindness in which the matter originated and was being carried 
out. As I should not like the money of the ratepayers to be wasted 
on a frustrated attempt to do honour to me, I hope you will excuse 
me for requesting that I may be allowed to defray such expense as has 
been incurred. As a last word permit me to add that, notwith- 
standing my inability to receive an honour which has unhappily 
become associated with suspicion and distrust, I shall never while life 
lasts cease to remember the confidence which the people of Cardiff 
have so abundantly shown to me, not only in giving me a splendid and 
almost unparalleled series of political victories to look back upon, but 
likewise at a thousand other times and in a thousand other ways. — I 
remain, Dear Mr. Mayor, Always yours very truly. 

E. J. Reed. 

Records Committee, 17 May. Messrs. Shirley & Sons, Solicitors, 
Cardiff, write "As arranged when we saw you to-day, we are sending 
you herewith the old Seal of the Bailiffs and Burgesses of Cardiff." 

N 



2IO CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The following description thereof was read by Mr. J. Hobson 
Matthews : 

" It appears to have been made at the close of the last centur}', and 
has a thick horizontal, oval steel matrix, with a massive ivorj- handle. 
The following is a statement of the design on this seal : Ouarterl}', 
I. & IV. Argent, a Tudor rose; II. & III. De Clare: Or, three 
chevronels gules. Supporters : Dexter, a horse bridled. .Sinister, 
a lion rampant. Crest, on a ducal coronet, a demi-lion rampant. 
Motto : Opibus JJorciis ct noniiiic prisco. (' Flourishing with riclies 
and an ancient name.") Legend around tlie atchievement : Sli^ill. 
CoDiiii : Bailliv : d Bnrnrus. Cardiff. For the last half-century the 
Corporation have used a seal coeval with the above but much 
smaller. It has an ivory handle and a round matrix of steel, charged 
with the Tudor rose as a badge. This device is no doubt a 
memorial of the time when Jasper Tudor and his royal kinsfolk were 
Lords of Glamorgan ; but there would seem to be no authority or 
precedent for the Borough's cjuartering the above coats. A horse 
bridled is the dexter supporter of the escutcheon of the Marquess of 
Bute, and a lion (ducall}' gorged) the sinister supporter of the Earl of 
Pembroke's shield. The seal lately recovered is undoubtedly a very 
beautiful piece of workmanship, and the heraldic atchievement thereon 
is a very sensible and appropriate design. .Some people would subject 
corporate arms to the rules and jurisdiction of the Herald's College. 
This is an error both of theory and practice. I contend that the 
chosen devices of Corporations aggregate are from their nature 
exempt from such jurisdiction, and that the College's claim to authority 
over them is unwarrantable." 

Resolved That the best thanks of tliis Committee be accorded to 
Messrs. Shirley for handing over the seal to the Corporation. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk forward the seal to the Museum 
Committee. 

The Archivist having reported on the work which remained to be 
done by him, it was 

Resolved That Mr. Matthews be instructed to finish his work on 
the Wills at Llandaff, and on the completion thereof to make accurate 
copies and translations of the Charters and then to proceed to London 
to complete his work at the Record Office. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 211 

Resolved That advertisements be inserted in the local papers 
and in the principal antiquarian periodicals, with the object of eliciting 
information upon the subject of the missing records of the Corporation 
or on matters affecting the ancient and local interests of the Borough. 

Resolved That a memorial be presented to Her Majesty's 
Government, under the Common Seal, through Sir Edward Reed, 
K.C.B., M.P., calling the attention of the Government to the cessation 
of the work of IVIr. Gwenogvr3'n Evans through lack of funds, and to 
the existence at the London Record Office of a vast quantity of Welsh 
records, a large portion of which are unarranged and uncalendared, 
and asking the Government to take steps to have these Welsh records 
examined, arranged and fully calendared, not only for the benefit of 
historical science, but also in the several interests of the Local bodies 
of the Principality. 

Resolved That Copies of the above resolution be forwarded to 
the several Welsh IV'Iembers of Parliament and also to the principal 
antiquarian societies and other similar bodies. 

Unanimous vote of thanks by the Parks Committee to Lord 
Tredegar for presenting the land for Moorland Gardens. 

Doncaster Villa, Canton, Cardiff. 

24th May 1895. 
J. L. Wheatley, Esq., Town Clerk, Cardiff. 

Dear Sir, — On my arrival home I find a notice of a Meeting of 
the Finance Committee for this afternoon. I take the first oppor- 
tunity of asking you to attend that Committee and officiall}^ to tender 
my resignation as Chairman. I have for over twenty years given 
an honest effort to serve the town to the best of my ability, how 
successfully I must leave a discerning public to judge. I must now 
congratulate the Corporation on the financial ability which it has so 
suddenly developed, and I only wish that the town's finances may be 
managed even as well as they have been by the present Committee, 
handicapped as it has been. — I am, dear Mr. Town Clerk, 3'ours 
faithfully. 

W. Sanders. 
1895 June 10. 

Colonel Goldsmid, of the ist Battalion Welsh Regiment (late 
41st Foot), writes the Mayor that this corps, on its march across 



212 CARDIF^P- RECORDS. 

South Wales from Pembroke Dock, will encamp in the Barrack Field, 
Cardift', for a few days (previous to embarking for Plymouth). 

Resolved unanimousl_v That the Council of this ancient and loyal 
Borough of Cardiff, the chief town and first seaport in the Principality 
of Wales, desire to place on record the great gratification with which 
they and the patriotic inhabitants of Wales have received the intima- 
tion that His Royal Highness Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, K.G., 
has graciously accepted the position of Chancellor of the National 
University of Wales. The Council also w-ish to assure His Royal 
Highness that they will give him tiie heartiest welcome whenever, in 
the discharge of his duties as Chancellor, he may think fit to visit 
Cardifi". 

General District Rate 15. 6ti. in the £. 

Signor A. Durando, the Italian Vice-Consul at Cardiff, writes 
enclosing a letter in which the Minister of Marine in Rome regrets 
he cannot accept the Corporation's invitation to the Italian squadron 
to visit Cardiff". 

1895 June I 7. 

Council accepts the resignations of the members of the late 
Finance Committee. 

Special Committee agree to a second Police Court being held in 
the Nisi Prius Court three days a week. 

The Cardiff" Life Boat Saturday Committee are permitted to 
launch a life-boat on the Roath Park Lake and charge a fee of 2d. to 
view the launch. 

Vote of thanks to Lord Bute and Lord Windsor for presenting 
the land for Grangetown Gardens. 

The Corporation of Weymouth present six of their Royal swans 
to the Corporation of Cardiff, for the Roath Park Lake. 

The Action of Lord Bute versus the Cardiff" Corporation is to be 
withdrawn on the following terms :-- 

Defendants consent to Judgment for the Plaintiff for an Injunction 
to restrain them from interfering with the bed of the river Taff. 

No order as to costs or damages. 

The Corporation, in agreeing as above, admit PlaintifT's claim to 
the sole ownership uf the bed of the river Taff and Cardiff foreshores, 
but do not abandon their claim to be considered Conservators of the 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 213 

river Taff. The Plaintift", who denies the validity of such claim, is not 
on account of this settlement to be deemed to have in any way 
admitted or acknowledged the same. 

P. W. Carf.y, Mayor. 
W. Thomas Lewis. 
1S95 July S. 

Letter of thanks from the United Kingdom Pilots' Association, 
for the hospitality shewn to them at Cardiff by the Corporation. 

Mrs. Fulton presents the Corporation with a portrait of Alderman 
Fulton, to be hung up in the Council Chamber. 

Committee agree to the diversion of tlie footpath across the 
barrack field at Maend}-, as proposed by Major Heathcote. 

Records Committee, 26 July. Letter from Rhys Williams, esq., 
of the Charity Commission, Whitehall, thanking the Committee for 
permission to inspect the Archivist's notes and papers relating to the 
Charities of Cardiff and Glamorgan. 

Letter from Lleufer Thomas, esq., .Secretary to the Welsh Land 
Commission : — 

"I regret having to state that in my opinion the Treasury 
would by no means sanction the payment of a fee to Mr. Hobson 
Matthews for the preparation of his valuable Memorandum on Manors. 
I venture to submit to your consideration the suggestion that it was 
to the interest of the Corporation of Cardiff to have the Commission 
supplied with information concerning the manorial rights exercised in 
the neighbourhood of Cardiff, so as to enable them to see whether 
they could include in their Report any reference to the management of 
this kind of property. I may also state that, when I originally invited 
Mr. Matthews to favour the Commission with a list of Manors, I 
presumed that he had all the necessary material in hand, and that it 
would simply mean a re-arrangement of his notes. The Commission 
had in this way previously obtained gratuitous assistance ot gentle- 
men in other parts of Wales interested in historical and antiquarian 
matters, in preparing memoranda on Manors in their own respective 
districts. The Corporation of Cardiff, through yourself, was good 
enough to assent to the request that Mr. Matthews should lend the 
Commission a similar kind assistance, but, as you will remember, 
nothing was then said as to any expected remuneration. I much 
regret that anything in the nature of a misunderstanding has arisen ; 



2 14 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

and I think I might say that if the Commission had control of funds 
without requiring the sanction of the Treasury, they would probably 
mark their appreciation of Mr. Matthews' work by the offer of some 
honorarium." 

Committee decline to allow the Minute Books of the Free 
Libraries Committee, 1862-1S76, to be kept at the Library. 

Chairman reported that he had purchased on behalf of the 
Corporation, from Mr. Alcwyn Evans, of Carmarthen (through Mr. 
Williams) for six guineas a MS. book, one page missing, relating to 
Cardiff and containing copies of Charters and Counsel's Opinions, 
and had paid Mr. Williams a commission often shillings for his trouble 
in the matter. 

Resolved That the action of the Chairman be approved. 

Resolved That the Council be desired to express their apprecia- 
tion and thanks to Sir William Harcourt for his action in granting the 
the sum of ^20,000 towards the University College of South Wales 
and Monmouthshire. 

1895 August 12. 

His Worship the Mayor presented a portrait of himself, to be 
hung up in the Council Chamber. Alderman Jacobs did the like. 

Thanks to the Mayor for opening tiie new .Sanatorium, and to his 
Lady for her hospitality on that occasion. 

1895 September 9. 

Alderman Cory presented to the Mayor a silver trowel in com- 
memoration of His Worship's having relaid the old foundation-stone 
of the Central Free Library. 

Special Committee resolved upon presenting the Freedom of the 
Borougli to Sir Edward Reed at the Park Hall, .Sir Edward's consent 
thereto having been given. 

On 28 September Sir Edward James Reed, Knight Commander 
of the Bath, attended the Council and was admitted an Honorary 
Freeman of the Borough of CardilT. The Mayor (Alderman W. P. 
Carey, J. P.) then presented Sir Edward witli the scrip of the 
Freedom, enclosed in a gold casket. Sir Edward suitabh' replied, 
expressing his gratitude for the honour done him. 

Captain F. J. Parry, Her Majesty's Inspector of Constabulary, 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-iSgy. 215 

inspected the Police Force of the County Borough of Cardiff, and 
expressed himself perfectly satisfied with the general physique of the 
men, their proficiency in drill, &c. 

Borough Engineer reported that for some time past the river Taff 
had been infringing upon the north-east corner of the western 
abutment of the Clarence Bridge, thereby scouring out the bed of 
the river against the abutment. He had, however, assured himself 
that no danger was impending to the bridge until last week, when he 
discovered that the scour had reached a depth level with the bottom 
of the foundation ; whereupon he had the hole filled up with stone. 

Mr. James Howell writes that he hopes to get out of his house 
(the Judges' Lodgings) in the Walk, in time for Assizes. 

Special Committee ir Estimates recommend the Uniforms Com- 
mittee to exercise greater economy in supplying uniforms in I'uture to 
the officials. 

A portion of Ely Common has now been railed in to form Ely 
Park. Canton Common is also being laid out as a recreation ground. 

Park Keepers are not in future to be supplied with boots nor 
more than one pair of trousers per annum. The gold is to be omitted 
from the badge on their caps. 

1S95 October 14. 

Park Hotel, Cardiff", 

29th .September 1895. 
Dear Mr. WlTeatley, — I cannot leave Cardiff' to-day without 
conveying to the Mayor through you, to 3'OU yourself, and to the 
Committee who regulated the business of yesterday in which I was so 
much concerned, and no less to the entire Council, and to the rate- 
payers whom 3'ou all represent, my formal but very earnest thanks for 
the manner in which I was yesterday admitted to the civic honours 
and privileges of the town of Cardiff. I know well how much thought 
and labour, as well as hearty good will and generous feeling, must 
have been at work for weeks and months past to bring about such 
results, and I beg you to make yourself the channel of my gratitude to 
all concerned. The banquet of last evening, which so happily crowned 
the ceremonies of the day, was beyond all expression gratifying to me, 
and to my son, who was present on behalf of Lady Reed and our 



2i6 CARDIFF KEC(JRDS. 

family. At the table were not only some of my oldest and dearest 
political friends and supporters, men of the highest repute and honour, 
but in even larger numbers the leading men of the political party to 
which at all times I have been opposed, together with the acknow- 
ledged heads of the party which in iS86 found it necessary, in their 
belief, to withdraw from or oppose me; all conferred upon me in no 
measured terms the honour of their praise, apart from politics, for the 
manner in which I had for fii'teen years endeavoured to serve the 
town. I doubt if such a demonstration of friendly and generous 
feeling, following a General Election and a great political convulsion, 
ever took place in any town before. — Believe me, Dear Mr. Wheatley, 
Yours very truly 

E. J. Reed. 

Mayor (Alderman P. W. Carey, J. P.) 
.Udcriiicn. 
Daniel Lewis, J. P., Andrew Fulton, 

Richard Cory, J. P., David Edgar Jones, M.D., J. P., 

Thomas Vaughan Yorath, David Jones, J. P., 

Thomas Windsor Jacobs, J. P. William Saunders, J. P., 

[Deputy Mayor), Thomas Rees. 

Couiicillors. 
William John Trounce, J. P. William Evans, 

{E.x-Mayor\ Henry White, 

Ebenezer Beavan, J. P., James Munn, 

Joseph Ramsdale, J. P., Jacob Comley, 

Thomas Morel, J. P., Robert Hughes, 

Samuel Arthur Brain, Morgan Morgan, 

Tom Hurry Riches, William Smith Crossman, 

Edward William Shackel, J.P., Benjamin John, 
Francis John Beavan, J. P., John Mathias Gerhold, 

James Tucker, Robert Johnston, 

James Herbert Cory, J. P., Charles Edward Waring, 

Edward Thomas, J. P., Altred Good, 

Noah Rees, George Beynon Harris, 

John Jenkins, J. P., Charles Albert John Ward, 

Thomas Andrews, J. P., George David, 

Illtyd Thomas. 
Joseph Larke Wheatle}', Town Clerk. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 217 

/"i 2,000 to the School Board. 

The following article appears among" the bye-laws : — 

To pi-cvciit games ill the slrciii. No person shall in any street play 
at ball, the throwing of stones, or other offensive or dangerous game 
likely to cause any injury to persons, animals or property. (Penalty 
not exceeding ^5). 

Records Committee, 23 October. Town Clerk read letters from 
the Archivist (Mr. John Hobson Matthews) who is now in London 
engaged in examining documents relating to Cardiff at the Record 
Office, giving the following account of work done from week to 
week : — 

18 September. Since he came to London had been copying 
Inquisitions post mortem of 13th, 14th and 15th centuries, which state 
the various territories and public and private rights in and around 
Cardiff. The first is dated 1296. Corporation have no copies. Large 
portion of the MSS. very faded. 

27th September. Examined Ministers' Accounts, Exchequer 
Depositions, &c., 39 documents in all. Must look through each 
document before he can ascertain its value. 

1st October. Could not estimate less than two months for this 
work. If he were authorized to search the uncalendared records ot 
the old Cardiff Court, the Committee would be conferring a service 
upon Wales at large. Just possible authorities in London would be 
willing to contribute portion of expense. 

5th October. Copied long Account of Duchy of Lancaster 
possessions in and around Cardiff; it covers 14 sides of demy and 
is very interesting. It sets forth in great detail the memorial and 
municipal particulars of Cardiff, Roath Sec, so far as they concern 
the Lord, and contains such curious matters as Owain Glyndwr's 
rebellion. The date is 1493. 

13 October. Descriptive list of 16 documents. 

19 October. Descriptive list of 15 documents. 

" I have enquired of Mr. Salisbury whether, as a favour to the 
Corporation, he would allow me access to the uncalendared records of 
the Cardiff" Court which were sent to London about thirty years ago. 
Mr. Salisbury has promised to allow me to see them and to give me 
every facility for copying them. As I understand it is the wish of the 
Committee that I should leave London at the end of this month, it will 



2i8 CARDIFF RFX'ORDS. 

not be possible for me in the meantime to have anything- Hke an 
adequate search among these uncalendared records ; but I will next 
week have a sort of preliminary look over them, so as to be able to 
form some idea of their nature. 

" I lately spent an evening at the British Museum Library, being 
in possession of a reader's ticket. A couple of hours at the Catalogue 
of MSS. revealed the fact that there are scores, if not hundreds, of 
MSS. relating to Cardiff, extending over several centuries. I will have 
two or three days among these, so as to form an idea of their general 
contents ; but there will not be time to copy much. I trust that 
the Committee will think well to let me pay another visit to London 
at a later date, as there is such a wealth of material here. It is not 
necessary to print everything I copy ; but the more I obtain the better 
choice can be made of matter for printing." 

Mr. F. S. Tolputt. Collector of Customs, writes that the Board of 
Customs have no objection to any use being made of the extracts taken 
from the old records at the Cardiff Custom House. 

Resolved (i) That the Chairman (Councillor E Thomas, J. P.), 
Councillor White and the Town Clerk be authorized to proceed 
to London in order to examine the work already done by Mr. J. 
Hobson Matthews, and to take such steps as may be necessary for 
bringing Mr. Matthews' labours to a close on the ninth of November 
next, so far as the collection of material is concerned. (2) That the 
Council be respectfully requested on or after the 9th November next 
to authorize this Committee to instruct Mr. Matthews to prepare and 
present a report upon his work and researches to date, with a view to 
publication thereof m book form sliould the Committee so decide. 

1S95 October 2S. 

Beginning of the long dispute (and subsequent Action at Law) 
respecting the " Jarrahdale Jarrah " wood-blocks supplied for paving 
the mam streets of Cardiff. 

1S95 November 2. 

Letter of thanks from the Library Association of the United 
Kingdom, for the hospitality extended to tliem by the Corporation on 
the occasion of the holding of their Annual General Meeting at 
Cardiff. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 219 

Dispute with the Severn Commission as to the inadequate 
representation of the Cardiff Corporation on that Board. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1895—1896. 

1895 November 9 Saturday. 

Resolved That the Right Honourable Robert George Windsor- 
Clive, Lord Windsor, Privy Councillor, Lord Lieutenant of the 
County of Glamorgan, be and he is hereby elected Mayor of the County 
Borough of Cardiff for the ensuing municipal 3''ear. 

The Right Honourable Robert George Windsor-Clive, Lord 
Windsor, having accepted the appointment, and subscribed and made 
the declaration required by the Municipal Corporations Act, the chair 
was vacated by the Ex-Mayor (Alderman Carey, J. P.) and the Mayor 
was installed therein. 

I Robert George Windsor-Clive, Lord Windsor, Privy Councillor, 
Lord Lieutenant of Glamorgan, Mayor of the County Borough of 
Cardiff, in pursuance of the power vested in me by Section 16 of the 
Municipal Corporations Act 188:3, do hereby appoint David Jones, 
one of the Aldermen and a justice of the Peace for the said County 
Borough, to act as Deputy Mayor of the County Borough during 013' 
illnesss or absence; and I do hereby signify such appointment to the 
Council. 

Windsor, Mayor. 

Dated this 9th day of November 1S95. 

Vote of thanlcs to the Ex-Mayor, Alderman W. P. Carey, J. P., 
"for the efficient and valuable services he has so faithfully^ and 
zealously rendered to this Borough as Mayor and Chief Magistrate 
during the past year; and for the courtesy, tact and geniality with 
which he has presided over the deliberations of this Council." 

_,^Soo voted for the Mayor's salary, out of the Borough Fund. 

Property and Markets Committee, 20 November. Chairman 
referred to the frequent absence of tlie Hall Porter, W. Mac Donald, 
from duty. 

Resolved That MacDonald be called upon to resign forthwith. 



220 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Records Committee, iS November. Councillor E. Thomas is 
re-appointed Chairman, with Councillor F. J. Beavan as Deputy 
Chairman. Committee to meet at the call of the Chairman. 

Town Clerk submitted letters dated 26 and 30 October, and 
3, 7 and 13 November, from Mr. J. Hobson Matthews, and read a 
Report, dated 20 November 1S95, regarding the work done by him 
in London, and also a further Report containing a Selection of Public 
Records of Cardiff proposed to be prmted. In consequence of his 
further researches in London, the Archivist has added so largely to his 
stock of materials, that the above list now requires to be very 
considerably extended, and certain of the above specified documents 
amplified and amended. This cannot be done until the original notes 
have been translated and fair copied ; but the accompanying Report on 
the recent London work will give the Connnittee general information 
as to the material collected since the list was drawn up. 

Resolved That the consideration thereof be adjourned. 

Town Clerk reported that he had communicated with Lord Bute, 
asking his Lordship if he would lend the Corporation, or permit their 
Archivist to inspect, the books, documents and manuscripts relating to 
Old Cardiff which he might have in his possession, and allow the 
Archivist to take such extracts therefrom as might appear desirable. 

Lord Tredegar's Solicitor writes that, if the Corporation will 
speedily make the road from Roath Church to Pen-y-lan, including a 
bridge over the brook, he will present to tiie Corporation the land 
south of such road, containing about three acres, for the purpose of 
being converted into public gardens. Also that Lord Tredegar has 
decided to give the Corporation as much, land as they require for the 
widening of Albany Road, from Roath Church to the north end of 
Wellfield Road, near Roath Park. 

Vote of thanks to Lord Tredegar for the same. 

Sidne}' Green appointed Hall Porter. 

1S95 December 9. 

Schooner " Philanthropist " having sunk in the fairwaj' of the 
entrance to Cardiff Docks, the Trinity Brethren write the Town 
Clerk that the responsibility of dealing with the wreck, under the 
Wreck Removal Clauses of the Merchant Shipping Act 1S94, clearly 
rests with the Local Authority at Cardiff, and they will be glad to 



COUNCIL MINUTES, iSSo-iSgy. 2;i 

hear that the Corporation are taking the necessary steps for the 
removal of this obstruction to tlie navigation. 

Town Cleriv thereupon caused the wreck to be hghted and 
buo3-ed. 

Permission granted for buses to run from Sneyd Street, 
Cathedral Road, to tlie Pier Head and back. 

Complete system of fire-alarm box telephones is now established 
in the Town. 

Records Committee, 6 December. Letter dated 3rd inst. was 
read from Lord Bute's Secretar}-, stating that his Lordship was not 
aware he had in his possession any documents throwing light upon 
the history of Cardiff, unless it were Leases or the like, of a com- 
paratively recent date. His Lordship had, however, written Mr. J. 
S. Corbett on the subject. 

Resolved that Mr. J. Hobson Matthews be desired to proceed 
as quickly as possible with the completion of the Records c^c. now 
remaining to be dealt with, and referred to in the Minutes of this 
Committee of 30 November last. 

1595 December 23. 

Councd appoint members to join a deputation which will wait 
on Sir Francis Knoll}'s to conve}' an invitation to the Prince ot 
Wales to open the furthcoming Cardiff Exhibition. 

Tiie wreck " Philanthropist " has been removed by the Water 
Bailiff to the East Mud, and the Corporation has signed a contract 
for its final removal. 

1596 January 13. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Captain Ralph 
Pomeroy, the Bute Company's Dockmaster. 

Resolved unaniniuusly That this Council places on record its 
unqualified admiration of the Christian character of the Very Rev. 
Charles J. Vaugiian, D.D., the Dean of Llandaff, who has won the 
unanimous respect and esteem of the miiabitants of Cardiff, and 
appoints the following gentlemen to wait upon the Dean with a 
view of asking him to bequeath to the Town of Cardiff and its 
inhabitants, with whom he has been so intimately associated, the 
magnificent painting of himself (by Mr. Walter W. Ouless) recently 



222 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

presented to him, as a memorial of his long connection with the 
Borough, and continuous and disinterested labours for the social 
and educational welfare cf its inhabitants, viz., the Ma3-or, Alderman 
Rees and the Town Clerk. 

The Russian gun is to be removed from the Town Hall 3'ard to 
Ely Park. 

1896 February 10. 

His Worship the Mayor referred to the untimely death of His 
Royal Highness Prince Henry of Battenberg, and stated that a wreath 
had been subscribed for bj- the .Members of the Corporation and sent 
to Osborne by a special messenger, " In loving memory of His Royal 
Highness." Telegrams of condolence had also been sent to Her 
Majesty the Queen and to the Princess Beatrice, and had been 
acknowledged. 

Resolved That this Council pledges itself to extend a cordial and 
hearty welcome to His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, in the 
event of Cardiff being fixed upon as the place where the ceremony 
shall take place for the installation of His Royal Highness as 
Chancellor of the University of Wales. 

Llandaff. January 21st 1896. 
Mv dear Mr. Town Clerk, — It is quite impossible for me to 
express adequately my gratitude to the Council for the generous terms 
in which their Resolution speaks of my poor services to the inhabitants 
of Cardiff. I value more than I can say the esteem and regard of the 
great Town which has allowed me to imagine myself all but its 
citizen. While I live I shall cherish with affectionate devotion the 
memory of its interests and its kindnesses. The particular request 
which the Council has condescended to make to me, in the Resolution 
forwarded in your letter, shall have (need I assure you) m}' most 
respectful and anxious consideration. The picture to which it refers 
was the gift to me, as you are aware, of a large bod}' of clergymen 
and intending clergymen, to whose preparation for the Ministry I have 
had the privilege of contributing, through a period of five and thirty 
years, such assistance, in the way of instruction and counsel, as it was 
mine to offer them It appears to me that the wishes of these 
generous donors ought to be consulted in settling the place of its final 



COUNCIL MINUTES. 18S0-1S97. 223 

vesting. I have reason to believe that with some of them it was a 
foregone conclusion that the great College of which I was once a 
Fellow, and in which a very large number of them received their 
education, would be the home of the picture in the years when it 
could be mine no longer. I venture to say this with all explicitness, 
though with many apologies ; because it will explain to the Council 
why I cannot on the instant, as I should wish to do, give a positive 
consent to their kind and attractive proposal. I could not possibly 
allow \.he honoured Deputatii'U named in their Resolution to have the 
trouble of visiting me to receive what is, of necessity, a somewhat 
hesitating answer to the Resolution witii which the Council has 
entrusted them. And I am scarcely equal to the strain upon health 
and spirits which would be involved in my waiting upon them in a 
place more convenient to themselves. I have therefore to request you, 
m^' dear Mr. Town Clerk, to be my interpreter to them, and through 
them to the Council, as to my grateful feelings on reading the Resolu- 
tion, and my anxious searchings of heart in considering how to reply 
to it. — Faithfully Yours. 

C, J. Vaugh.'XN. 

Council agree to lend to the Committee of the Cardiff Exhibition 
the portraits of Lord Bute and Alderman Jacobs, 

Committee appointed to make arrangements for the opening of 
the Guilford Crescent Baths by the Mayoress of Cardiff, the Right 
Hon. Lady Windsor. 

The old Reading Room is to be rei'urnished and fitted up as a 
Members' Room. 

Llandaff buses are to run alternately tiirough Cathedral Road. 

Difficulties have arisen with regard to the repair of Leckwith 
Bridge, both the County and the Llandaff Board disclaiming owner- 
ship of it. 

Committee appointed to negotiate with the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners and the Agents of the Marquess of Bute, for the acquisition 
of the Llandaff Fields as an open space for the benefit of the public. 
It was afterwards ascertained that the Commissioners were the sole 
owners of the land. 

Head Gardener is to purchase for the Roath Park lake, from the 
Zoological Gardens at Clifton, a pair of upland geese at £^, a pair of 
black swans at ^4. 10s., and a pair of Chinese geese at y,'i. 



224 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Borough Engineer is to enquire of Lord Tredegar's Agents the 
price for which ihs Lordship will sell to the Corporation 25 acres at 
Splot, with 300 yards sea frontage, for the purpose of pleasure 
grounds. 

Records Committee, 24 February. Town Clerk read correspon- 
dence with Dr. W. De Gray Birch, of the British Museum, as to 
making copies of the Margam Abbey muniments (by kind permission 
of Miss Talbot). 

Those of the above muniments which are in Latin are to be 
translated by Mr. Matthews from Dr. Birch's copy. 

Mr. John Stuart Corbett writes he will see Messrs. Shirley &: 
Sons as to any documents they may have. 

Resolved That the draft Records be now collected, indexed and 
bound, and submitted to this Committee. 

Resolved That Mr. Hobson Matthews report to this Committee, 
on Mondaj' next at noon, (i) as to work already finished, and (2) as 
to work now in hand and remaining to be done to complete his work. 

Resolved That a communication be sent to various publishers, 
informing them of the character of the work undertaken by this 
Committee, and enquiring whether they are prepared to publish the 
Records, and upon what terms ; and that this matter be left in the 
hands of the Chairman, Councillor White and Mr. Hobson Matthews. 

Records Committee, 2 Marcii. Mr. J. Hobson Matthews presented 
his Report on the work done and to be done. 

Sub-Committee appointed to enquire into certain allegations with 
reference to the state of ALary Ann Street, report that they have made 
personal inspection of the houses, and failed to discover that the evils 
complained of were due to defective sanitation. The occupiers are 
poor, and in some cases dirty in tlieir habits ; but many of the houses 
were clean and comfortable. No case of sickness was found either 
there or in Stanley Street, nor any signs of overcrowding. Stanley 
Street is only 12 feet wide, and has 11 houses unoccupied. Fourteen 
houses in this street are totally unfit for human occupation. Few, if 
any, houses in either street are used for immoral purposes. 

Resolved That papers for signature for or against cremation be 
left at the Cemetery Office, Burial Board Offices, Town Hall and Free 
Libraries. 



COUNCIL MINUTES. 1S80-1S97. 225 

Mr. T. H. Thomas and others are to go to the Cantref reservoir, 
Breconshire, to inspect an old flannel-loom, which it is proposed the 
Waterworks Committee shall offer to the Museum. An old chair from 
Wenvoe Castle is to be purchased for £^2. \os. 6d. for the Museum. 

1896 March 9. 

Committee of the whole Council appointed to arrange for the 
promised visit of the Prince of Wales to Cardiff after his installation at 
Aberystwyth as Chancellor of the Welsh National University. 

Meeting of Ratepayers has protested against the proposed expen- 
diture of ^750 in a house for the Head Gardener, to be built in Roath 
Park. Resolutions against the erection of the house were lost in 
Council. 

Resolved That the Council are prepared to incur an expense of 
not over ^100 upon an Inquiry and Report regarding the Charities of 
Cardiff, under the Charity Inquiries Expenses Act 1892, in order that 
the Inquiry may proceed at once. 

Town Hall is to be newly painted, decorated and furnished, on 
the occasion of the Prince of Wales' visit. His Royal Highness will 
be presented with the Honorary Freedom of the Borough, in a jewelled 
casket. 

Measures are taken to establish a compulsory Thrift Fund for 
Employees of the Corporation. 

Records Committee, 7 March. Town Clerk submitted tenders 
from various firms for the printing and publication of the Records, and 
draft advertisement for intending subscribers thereto. The issuing of 
the latter was postponed. 

Letter was read from Mr. J. S. Corbett, and the Chairman stated 
that he had had an interview with Mr. Corbett, who had promised to 
give Mr. Hobson Matthews access to any further records in Lord 
Bute's possession which he might find to bear on the history of Cardiff 
and neighbourhood, so soon as he had finished certain heavy parlia- 
mentary work. 

Chairman reported that Oliver H. Jones, esq., of Fonmon Castle, 
had stated he had in his possession a number of highly interesting 
documents of the i6th century relating to Cardiff, which he would be 
very pleased to allow the Archivist to copy if the Corporation so 
desired. 



226 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Resolved That the best thanks of this Committee be given to 
Mr. Jones, and that he be asked when it would be convenient for 
Mr. Matthews to inspect the documents. 

Records Committee, 14 March. Resolved That the Council be 
recommended to cause the Records to be printed at Cardiff, in conse- 
quence of the loss of time which it would entail if the same were done 
elsewhere. 

Records Committee, 21 March. Resolved That Mr. Hobson 
Matthews report as to the number and character of the illustrations 
&c. proposed to be included in the Volumes of published Records. 

28, Great Ormond Street, London. 
Sir, — My friend Mr. John Ward, of the Cardiff Museum, informs 
me that your Corporation intends to publish the documents relating to 
Cardiff which your Archivist has rummaged out of the musty records 
of the past. If all Corporations were equally enlightened, there would 
be less need for Archsological Societies. Although only one of the 
officers of the Cambrian Archaeological Association, I think I ma}' 
speak also for 1113' colleagues, and say how much we approve of the 
good work you are doing for the history of Cardiff, and thus indirectly 
for the history of Wales generally. I hope that the result of this 
new departure will be to stimulate a taste for archaeology and history 
in the Principality, and to diffuse it more amongst the masses. There 
is no reason, that I can see, why the only people who seem to take 
any interest in the past of Wales should be the parsons ; and yet they 
are at present the mainstay of our Association, and but for them it 
could never have existed. I should like to see every Welshman not 
only proud of his nationality, but to know why he has reason to be 
proud of it. — I remain, Yours very truly. 

J. RoMiLLY Allen. 

Cardiff. 19th March 1896. 
Sir, — I am much obliged by your letter of the 14th instant and 
by the very kind manner in which you speak of the work of the 
Records Committee of this Corporation. Such praise from a gentle- 
man of your standing in the archaeological world comes as a great 
encouragement, and should have the result of evoking a larger 
measure of popular support for our undertaking. Our Archivist has 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 227 

already collected a very large quantity of MSS. , consisting of copies of 
records of various periods, drawn from many different sources, bearing 
upon the history of this Town. These it is our intention to print and 
publish, if not quite in extenso, at least very amply; and I feel sure 
their value to the Welsh historian and antiquary will be speedily 
recognised. I am, dear .Sir, yours very truly. 

Edward Thom.as. 

J. Romilly Allen, Esq., F.S.A. (Scot.), 
Cambr. Arch. Assoc. 

P.S. The most valuable records concerning this County are 
tliose of the old Chancery of Glamorgan, now stored in the Rolls 
House. It would cost only .;^300 to make a preliminary examination 
of these. At present they are not even sorted. Could not your 
Society influence the Ministry to make this very small grant for 
commencing so important a work ? 

Lord Tredegar declines to let land on Roath Moors for public 
gardens, or for other tiian commercial purposes, and points out that 
other parties have rights of pasturage over the land in question. 

1896 April 13. 

G.W. R. Co. consent to run a dining-car on the train to and from 
Paddington and South Wales. 

_;f 20,000 to the School Board. 

Mr. Rhys Williams, Commissioner, will open an enquiry into the 
Charities of the Borough, at the Town Hall on the 20th, 21st and 22nd 
instant. 

Records Committee, i i April. The Archivist presented a Report 
as to the illustrations &c. to be included in the forthcoming Records 
publication. 

Letter from Mr. Romilly Allen suggests that the Committee of 
the Cambrian Archaeological Association should be asked to approach 
the Government on the suljject of the Glamorgan Chancery records. 
" I look forward to seeing Cardiff become the centre of intellectual 
activity in Wales, and I hope that Welshmen will be sufficiently 
patriotic to sink all local jealousies which may prevent the attainment 
of this end." 

Resolved That the Committee of the Cambrian Archaeological 
Association be respectfully requested to urge upon Her Majesty's 



228 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Government the desirability of voting a sum of money for preparing 
a proper calendar and report on the valuable records of the old 
Chancery of Glamorgan now stored in the Rolls Office. 

1896 April 20. 

Committee appointed with a view to obtaining for the Mayor of 
the County Borough of Cardiff for the time being the style, title and 
dignity of " The Right Honourable The Lord Mayor," and also with 
a view to obtaining for the County Borough the title and dignity of 
" City." 

Marlborough House, Pall Mall, S.W. 

14th April 1896. 
Dear Lord Windsor, — I am desired by the Prince of Wales to 
inform you that it gives him much pleasure to comply with the request 
of the Corporation of Cardiff, that he would consent to become an 
Honorary Freeman of the Borough. 

Yours very truly. 

Francis Knollys. 

Sir Francis Knollys further writes tliat His Royal Highness the 
Prince of Wales, with the Princess of Wales and the Princesses 
Victoria and Maud of Wales, will visit Cardiff on Saturday, June 
27th, but that circumstances will allow them to remain but a few 
hours in the town. 

Records Committee, iSth April. Resolved That the Chairman 
and Deputy Chairman, and as many members of this Committee as 
can make it convenient, be desired to attend the Chanties Inquiry'. 

Letter from Mr. R. A. Wheatley, offering to photograph the 
Charters and otlier documents required for the Records publication, 
and to place the negatives free of charge at the disposal of the 
Corporation for reproduction. 

Resolved That the offer be accepted. 

Resolved That the hearty thanks of this Committee be accorded 
Mr. R. A. Wheatley for his generous offer. 

The Archivist reported that the books and papers left with the 
Town Clerk by Mr. O. H. Jones, of Fonmon Castle, contained some 
very valuable records, and that he was now copying the same. 



COUNCIL MINUTES. 1880-1897. 2^9 

Resolved That Mr. Matthews proceed therewith, and that these 
records be part of the material from which this Committee ultimately 
select the " cop3' " for the Records publication. 

Records Committee, April 30. Town Clerk reported that Mr. 
Rhys Williams, Assistant Charity Commissioner for Glamorganshire, 
held an Inquiry into the Charities of the County Borough of Cardiff", 
at the Town Hall, on the 20th and 22nd April 1S96. and investigated 
the following Charities : — Jane Herbert, Craddock Wells, Broad Street 
Almshouse, Church Street Almshouse (^James Gale), Nicholas Wastell, 
Denominational Schools, and University College. A number of 
witnesses were examined by Mr. Williams, and various Corporation 
records. Private persons, in some instances, came forward with 
documents bearing on the various charities of the Town. On the 
24th instant the Assistant Commissioner went to London, presumably 
for the purpose of obtaining further information from the Commis- 
sioners to take measures for the immediate disposition of the balance 
left from the Cardiff Exhibition of 1S70.' 

Rev. Charles Chidlow, Secretary, writes that the Committee of 
the Cambrian Archaeological Association has agreed to petition the 
Government for a grant in aid of the publication of Glamorganshire 
records, and directed the Senior Secretary to inform this Committee of 
the result. 

Terms have been arranged with Canon Thompson for the St. 
John's Churchyard improvements, but the scheme for the formation of 
a public footway through the churchyard has fallen through. 

1896 May II. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Alderman Yorath. 

O. H. Jones, esq., of Fonmon Castle, has presented to the 
Corporation a document on parchment, dated 4 March 1741. It is 
sealed with the Tudor-rose Corporation Seal and signed by ten 
members of the Common Council, and records the formal appointment 
of Roger Powell junior and Edmund Lloyd, esquires, as Treasurers 
to the building-fund of the Town Hall then in course of erection on 
the old site in High Street. The building was completed in 1747, and 
was used for all Borough and County business until the opening of the 

1 For some reason, unknown to me, this Inquiry was never completed. — Ed. 



230 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

present Town Mall in Saint Mary Street, in 1850. The old structure 
of 1747 was used as a store-house until i860, when it was at last 
pulled down. 

Moved by Councillor White, J. P. (in pursuance of notice of 
motion previously given), seconded by Councillor E. Beavan, J. P. 
"That in the opinion of this Council it is desirable and befitting that 
its members should, during their tenure of office, wear official robes 
and hats; and it is resolved that the same be worn accordmgly, and 
that a special Committee be appointed with full powers to give effect 
to the foregoing resolution." 

The motion on being put to the meeting was lost, and the names 
were taken as follows : — For: Aldermen Jacobs and Carey; Councillors 
E. Beavan, Andrews, White, Morgan, Gerhold, Ward, J. Thomas and 
Veal — 10. Against : Alderman D. E, Jones, D. Jones and T. Rees ; 
Councillors Trounce, F. J. Beavan, Mildon, E. Thomas, Jenkins, 
Crossman, Good, Allen and Robinson — 12, 

Town Clerk reported that he had completed the purchase at 
/'6000 from Mr. J. H. Hallett, of Cardiff, of the freehold premises 
known as Johns' Court, situate at the rear of 23 High Street and the 
Tiiree Horse Shoes public house, the entrance being from Womanby 
Street, (formerly the Old Brewery). 

Borough Engineer reported that he had visited the Flat Holm 
with Mr. E. W. M. Corbett, and selected a spot for quarrying stone 
for hospital purposes, subject to a royalt}' to be fixed by Sir 
W. T. Lewis. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Mr. Daniel Rees, 
for 39 years Clerk to the Borough Magistrates. 

Parks Committee, accompanied by His Worship the Mayor (the 
Right Hon. Lord Windsor) proceeded to the Wild Garden section of 
the Roath Park, when the Deputy Chairman, Councillor Tucker, 
declared the same open to the public. 

1896 June 28. 

Mayor reported having appointed Thomas Thomas (late Town 
Crier) to be Mace Bearer, vice Jacob Wise deceased ; and that he had 
appointed Robert Oliver as Town Crier, salary ^10 with uniform. 

Councillor William John Trounce, Deputy Mayor, is elected 
Alderman. 



COUNCIL MINUTES. 1880-1897. 231 

Mr. Daniel Rees, son of the late Clerk to the Borough Magis- 
trates, is appointed to succeed his father in that office. 

At a meeting of the Council of the Count}- Borough of Cardiff, 
actuTg also as the Urban Sanitary Authority of the County Borough, 
held at the Exhibition Hall, Park Place, Cardiff, on Saturday 27 June 
1S96, being a Special Meeting: His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales, K.G., Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales, Her Royal 
Highness the Princess Victoria and Her Royal Highness the Princess 
Maud attended and were received by the Right Worshipful the Mayor 
(the Right Honourable George Windsor-Clive, Lord Windsor, Privy 
Councillor, Lord Lieutenant of Glamorganshire) and the Members of 
the Corporation. 

His Worship the Mayor, addressing His Royal Highness the 
Prince of Wales, K.G., said : — " Will Your Royal Highness permit me 
to ask the Recorder to read the Resolution that was passed by the 
Corporation ?" 

The Prince of Wales having signified his assent, 

The Recorder read the following resolution; — "At a Special 
Meeting of the Council of the County Borough of Cardiff, held at the 
Town Hall, Cardiff, on Monday the 20th day of April 1896, present 
the Deputy Mayor (Alderman David Jones, J. P.) in the chair, and a 
full Council; it was moved by Alderman David Jones, J. P., and 
Alderman Jacobs, J. P., and resolved unanimously : ' That His Royal 
Highness Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, Knight of the Garter, being 
a person of distinction within the meaning of the Honorary Freedom of 
Boroughs Act 18S5, be, in accordance with the provisions of the said 
Act, admitted an Honorary Freeman of the Borough of Cardiff; and 
that such honorary freedom be publicly presented to His Royal 
Highness during his visit to Cardiff.' " 

The Recorder then retired, and the Town Clerk administered the 
following Oaths to His Royal Highness : — " You shall swear to be 
true to our Sovereign Lady the Queen and the Lord of this Town 
and Borough ; you shall be obedient to the Mayor of the said 
Borough fur the time being, and obey his warrants, precepts and 
commands ; you shall be civil and obedient to the Aldermen of the 
same ; and also you shall, as much as in your power lies, contribute 
and do every act and thing for the good government and safety of the 
Borough and inhabitants thereof. So help you God." 



232 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

His Royal Highness signed the Honorarj^ Freemen's Roll, the 
Admission being witnessed by the Mayor and Town Clerk. 

His Worship the Mayor presented the scrip of Admission, 
enclosed m a gold casket, to His Royal Highness, who was graciously 
pleased to receive the same. 

The Mayor then addressed His Royal Highness as follows : — 
" May it please Your Royal Highness: I have the honour and privilege 
as Mayor, on behalf of the Corporation and inhabitants of Cardiff, to 
give you a most respectful but at the same time a most cordial 
welcome to this ancient and loyal Borough. We bear in mind that it 
is the first visit which Your Royal Highness has ever paid to Cardiff. 
It is therefore a red-letter day in the history of the Town ; and the 
interest and importance of the occasion are greatly enhanced by the fact 
that you are accompanied by Her Royal Highness the Princess of 
Wales and Their Royal Highnesses the Princesses Victoria and Maud, 
to whom also we desire to offer a most respectful and hearty welcome. 
Your Royal Highness has been pleased to permit us to mark this 
occasion by inscribing your illustrious name upon the roll of the 
Honorary Freemen of the Borough. I assure Your Royal Highness 
that Cardiff will consider this act of condescension as a signal mark of 
3'our favour to the largest and most important town in Wales, the 
enterprise of which may to some extent be measured by the Exhibition 
Buildings in which we are now assembled and which the Queen has 
been graciously pleased to patronise. I most respecttullj' request 
Your Royal Highness to do us the honour of accepting this casket, 
which contains the scrip recording your enrolment as an Honorary 
Freeman of the Borough ; and with it 1 ask Your Royal Highness to 
accept our grateful and humble thanks for the honour that you have 
this day conferred upon the County Borough of Cardiff." 

The Prince replied as follows : — 

" Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen, I beg to thank you and the County 
Council of Cardiff for conferring upon me the honorary freedom of 
this ancient Borough, which is so conspicuous for its constantly 
progressive increase and importance. It is a distinction of which I 
am sure I feel proud ; for Cardiff, with its population of over 160,000, 
is not only the chief town of Wales, but the principal port in the 
United Kingdom. Indeed, according to its registered tonnage of 
6,500,510 tons, it is the second port in the world, New York coming 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 233 

first. Its growing importance and its increase of population have 
been remarkable of late 3'ears, and I have no doubt it will continue its 
course of rapid progress. I am glad to find, by the Roll I have just 
signed, that I have as fellow Freemen such distinguished men as Mr. 
Gladstone and Lord Roberts. The Princess of Wales and I cannot 
but remember with mournful pleasure that our dear son was received 
here with the utmost cordiality, and was presented witli the honorary 
freedom of this Borough. The reception which has been accorded to 
the Princess of Wales, my daughters and myself is very gratifying to 
us ; and we shall always remember with much satisfaction our visit to 
this loyal town." 

Their Royal Highnesses afterwards proceeded to the new Free 
Library building, and His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales 
declared the same open to the public. 

General Purposes Committee. Proposed by Councillor White, 
seconded by Councillor Gerhold : That badges be worn by the 
Members of the Corporation upon public occasions. 

Proposed by Councillor David, seconded by Councillor E. 
Beavan : That suitable gowns be worn by Members of the Corpora- 
tion upon public occasions. 

Both the amendment and the original motion, on being put to the 
meeting, were lost. 

Vote of thanks to Mr. James Howell for his generosity in under- 
taking to decorate the Exhibition Hall free of charge, on the occasion 
of the admission of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. 

Resolved That Mr. Matthews prepare a Prospectus of the 
Records, to take the form of a double leaflet. 

Records Committee, July 4. Archivist submitted draft Prospectus 
of the Records. 

Letter from Mr. J. S. Corbett regarding documents in his 
custody. 

Resolved That a copy of Mr. Curbett's letter of 3rd instant be 
sent to the Chairman, and that he be desired to see Mr. Corbett with 
reference to the supposed missing Minute Book. 

Resolved That Mr. Matthews be directed to prepare a synopsis 
of the whole of the " copy " which in his opinion should form the 
three volumes of Records, for consideration by this Committee. 



234 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Museum Committee. Resolved That, inasmuch as Counsel has 
advised that under the Museums and Gymnasiums Act 1S91 the 
Corporation is [not] authorised to elect on this Committee any 
gentlemen not being members of the Corporation, this Committee 
desires that the above Act shall be so amended as to enable the 
Corporation to elect on the Committee such persons as are, by their 
knowledge of natural history, art and other subjects, specially quali- 
fied for museum work. 

1S96 July 13. 

Resolved unanimously That this Council most sincerely tenders 
its respectful svmpathy to the Mayor and Mayoress (The Right 
Honourable Lord and Lady Windsor) in the bereavement they have 
sustained by the death of the Right Honourable Sir Augustus 
Berkeley Paget, K.C.B. 

O. H. Jones, esq., of Fonmon Castle, presents to the Corporation 
an old Minute Book of the Street Commissioners of CardilT. 

Mr. George Thomas, of Lly Farm, is retained permanently to act 
as Valuer to the Corporation. 

Archivist submitted a synopsis of the " copy " which, in his 
opinion, should form the three volumes of Records, and same was 
adopted. 

Resolved That the Manager of Cardiff Market be directed not to 
let standings on the Hayes to quacks or cheap-jacks, but only to 
vendors of fruit, fish and vegetables, who will conduct their business 
quietly. 

Resolved That the Curator have printed and exhibited in the 
Museum suitable notices in English and Welsh, prohibiting loud 
talking, whistling, spitting, and the like. 

1896 August 10. 

Hewell Grange, Redditch. 

July 16th, 1S96. 
Dear Mr. Town Clerk, — Lady Windsor wishes to join with me 
in thanking most sincerely our kind friends, the members of the 
Corporation of Cardiff, for the resolution of sympathy unanimously 
passed on Monday last. We have lately rejoiced together over our 
successes in Cardiff, and now we are much touched in knowing that 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. -35 

our friends share our own personal sorrow. — I am, dear Mr. Town 
Clerk, 

Yours very faithfully. 

Windsor. 

Resolved unanimously That the cordial and sincere thanks of this 
Council be presented to the Mayor of Cardiff (The Right Honourable 
Lord Windsor) and the Mayoress of Cardiff (The Right Honourable 
Lady Windsor) for the zeal and ability with which they performed the 
important functions in connection with the visit of Their Royal 
Highnesses the Prince and Prmcess of Wales and the Princesses 
Victoria and Maud to Cardiff on the 27th June last, and for the 
dignity with which they sustained the best traditions of the 
Metropolis of Wales. 

Resolved unanimously That the hearty thanks of this Council 
be accorded the Deputy Mayor (Alderman D. Jones, J. P.), the 
Town Clerk (Mr. Joseph Larke Wheatley), Colonel Albert Goldsmid, 
and the Head Constable (Mr. William McKenzie), for the valuable 
assistance rendered on the above occasion, and tor the excellent 
manner in which all the arrangements were carried out. 

Deputation from the Executive Council of the Cardiff Exliibition 
attended and asked the co-operation of the Council in celebrating in 
an appropriate manner the 23rd September next, on which day the 
Queen's reign will have lasted longer than that of any other Monarch 
of this Kingdom. 

Committee appointed accordingly. 

Queen's Celebration Committee, August 13. Deputy Mayor 
stated the following message appeared in the London papers on the 
previous day : — 

" The Secretary of State for the Home Department is commanded 
by the Queen to intimate that, while she is mucli gratified to observe 
such general expressions of loyalty and affection towards her in regard 
to the fact that she will shortly have reigned for a longer period than 
any other British Sovereign, it is Her Majesty's wish that, should she 
be spared to rule over her beloved people for such a period, any 
recognition or celebration of that event should be reserved until she 
has completed a reign of sixty years." 



2 36 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1S96 September 14. 

Sandringham, Norfolk. 

August 14th, 1896. 
Dear Lord Windsor, — Princess Charles is enchanted with the 
diamond brooch, and has desired me to write and thank you, and to 
ask you to convey her best thanks to the members and officers of 
the Corporation of Cardiff, for this handsome and charming wedding 
present. 

I remain yours verj' trul}'. 

S. W. Proger. 

Letter from Mr. j. R. Cobb suggesting the Corporation should 
take steps to facilitate a visit of Lord Nelson's flag-ship " Foudroyant " 
to Cardiff. 

Sub-Committee appointed to secure the location at Cardiff of the 
Offices of the National University of Wales. Also to secure the 
location here of the Glamorgan County Council Offices. 

A motion standing in the name of Councillor Good, in favour of 
the erection of a statue of Oliver Cromwell in the vestibule of the 
Town Hall, was withdrawn by leave 

Councillor Buist's motion, in favour of approaching Parliament on 
the subject of the taxation of ground-rents, fell to the ground in the 
absence of sufficient members to form a quorum. 

Records Committee, September 21. An extract from the pro- 
ceedings of the Council was read as to the submission of documents 
to Committees. 

Mr. Herbert M. Thompson writes from Whitley Batch, Llandaff, 
that he will (on behalf of himself, Mr. Charles Thompson, of Penhill 
Close, and another) guarantee ^5,000 towards the purchase of Llandaff 
Fields by the Corporation for an open space. He hopes, however, 
" that the fields will be kept as fields, and that no attempt will be 
made to transform them into a park. Lavish expenditure would 
probably do little or nothing to improve the natural beauty they at 
present possess." 

Arthur Rees is appointed Inspector of Public Carriages. 

General District Rate is. /^d. in the £. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18801897. 



1S96 



October 12th. 

The Right Worshipful the Mayor (Lord Windsor). 



Aldermen 



Daniel Lewis, 
Thomas Windsor Jacobs, 
Patrick William Carey, 
Andrew Fulton, 
David Edgar Jones, 



Coiincillor 



Ebenezer Beavan, 
Joseph Ramsdale, 
Thomas Morel, 
Samuel Arthur Brain, 
Francis John Beavan, 
James Tucker, 
Samuel Mildon, 
James Herbert Cory, 
Edward Thomas, 
John Jenkins, 
Thomas Andrews, 
William Evans, 
Henry White, 
James Munn, 
Jacob Comley, 



Richard Cory, 
David Jones, 
William Sanders, 
Thomas Rees, 
William John Trounce. 



Robert Hughes, 
Morgan Morgan, 
William Smith Crossman, 
John Mathias Gerhold, 
Charles Edward Waring, 
Alfred Good, 
George Beynon Harris, 
Charles Albert John Ward, 
George David, 
Illtyd Thomas, 
William Henry Allen, 
James Joseph Buist, 
Frederick James Veall, 
Sidney Robinson, 
John Harry Hallett. 



Joseph Larke Wheatley, Town Clerk. 

Sir William T. Lewis writes that to buy up the New Street 
hoarding will cost the Corporation ^1,550. 

Resolved That consideration thereof be deferred until other 
matters now pending between Lord Bute and the Corporation are 
discussed with Sir W. T. Lewis. 

David Morgan Johns is appointed Shorthand and Engrossing 
Clerk in the Town Clerk's Department. 

At the desire of Lord Bute, and at his expense, the loving-cup 
is to have five of the figures upon it re-enamelled. 



238 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1S96 October 26. 

Miss Margaret L. Hay is appointed Matron of the Cardiff 
Sanatorium ; salary /oo, witli board, lodging and unii'orm. 

Mr. Neville Applebee is appointed Electrical Engineer to the 
Corporation. 

Canon Thompson agrees to accept /'500 for the proposed public 
footpath through Saint John's Churchyard. 

Borough Engineer reported that on 25 September a severe storm 
visited the Town, doing considerable damage and blowing down one 
of the elms in Newport Road. On 7th and Sth instant, owing to high 
tides and high south-west winds, the tide rose to an abnormal height, 
doing considerable damage to various places in the Bristol Channel. 
A small portion of the Cardiff District, at Moorland Gardens, Roath, 
and Windsor Esplanade, Docks, was flooded ; but, owing to works 
recently earned out, Grangetown escaped a similar catastrophe to that 
which occurred there in October 1SS3. 

Archivist reported he had written the Introduction to the 
Records, compiled an exhaustive Table of Contents for Volume I., 
and written the explanatory matter relating to the Charters. 

Penarth Urban District Council, Llandaff Parish Council and 
Llanishen Parish Council are resolved to oppose their absorption 
into the Borough of Cardiff. 

William Percy Harding, Plymouth, is appointed Assistant Con- 
veyancing Clerk in the Town Clerk's Department. He is to reside 
within the Borough. (Mr. Herbert Somerset, Pontypridd, was an 
unsuccessful candidate for this appointment.) 

Mr. W. H. Andrew resigns his position as Deputy Town Clerk, 
on receiving the appointment of Town Clerk of York. 

Mr. William John Board is appointed Deputy Town Clerk. He 
is to reside within the Borough. 

Special Committee appointed to consider the weiring of the Taff. 



Cardiff Council Minutes, 1896—1897. 

1S96 November 9 Monday. 

Councillor Ebenezer Beavan, J. P., is elected Mayor. He 
having accepted the appointment and subscribed the statutory declara- 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 230 

tion, the chair was vacated by the ex-Mayor (the Right Hon. Lord 
Windsor), and the Mayor was installed therein. 

Councillor Morgan Morgan is appointed Deputy Mayor. 

Mayor's salary ^Soo. 

Resolved unanimously That this Council desires to record its 
hearty thanks to the Right Honorable Robert George Windsor-Clive, 
Lord Windsor, Privy Councillor, Lord-Lieutenant of Glamorgan, for 
the efificient and dignified manner in which he has carried out the 
important and responsible duties of Mayor and Chief Magistrate of 
this Borough during the past eventful ye.ir, as well as its great 
appreciation of the many valuable services so faithfully and zealously 
rendered by him to the Town and Port ; of the graceful reception of 
Their Royal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Wales and the 
Princesses Victoria and Maud, on their historic visit to Cardiff in June 
last ; of the generous and hospitable entertainment of various public 
bodies, and of the courtesy, tact and geniality with which he has 
presided over the deliberations of tlie Council. 

Committee appointed to arrange for the presentation to Lord 
Windsor of the honorary freedom of the Borough. 

Hewell Grange, Redditch, 

November 14th, 1896. 
Dear Mr. Town Clerk, — I have received \'our letter enclosing a 
copy of the Resolution proposed by Mr. Alderman David Jones and 
seconded by Mr. Councillor Brain, and passed by the Council on 
November 9th. Will you be good enough to convey to the Council 
my very high appreciation of the kind terms in which the Resolution 
is expressed. In receiving such an expression of thanks from my 
late colleagues, and in the assurance of their esteem, I feel that I am 
amply rewarded for having undertaken the responsibilities of so high 
an office as Mayor and Chief Magistrate of the Borough of Cardiff. 
— I remain, Mr. I'own Clerk, Yours faithfully. 

Windsor. 

November 14th 1S96. 

Dear Mr. Town Clerk, — I have received your letter in which you 

informed me that at a Meeting of the Council on November 9th it was 

resolved to present me with the honorary freedom of the Borough of 

Cardiff. I beg that you will convey to the Council my deep sense of 



240 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

the honour they thus propose to confer upon me — the greatest, I venture 
to think, which I could receive at their hands. I shall consider it a 
great honour to have my name enrolled on the list of Freemen, which 
contains names so illustrious as those of man3' of my predecessors. — 
I remain, Mr. Town Clerk, Yours faithfully. 

Windsor. 

Mr. J. L. Wilkms, General Manager, writes from Paddington that 
the Great Western Railway Company have approved a Plan and voted 
the necessary expenditure for the provision of a station at Roath, near 
Splot Road bridge. 

Councillor J J. Buist joins the Records Committee. 

Parks Superintendent reported that a large number of foxes over- 
ran the Botanic Gardens in Roath Park and carried off numbers of 
the wild-fowl placed there. He asked that wire netting should be 
placed around such gardens. 

Resolved That the surrounding landowners be requested to assist 
this Committee in preventing the encroachment of the foxes. 

Borough Engineer reports to Special Committee ;r Floods. After 
the abnormally high tide of 6 October last the water flowed over a 
portion of Ferry Road, at the south end of Kent Street, and on to a 
portion of Avondale Road. He at once gathered a strong gang of 
men and, by working all night, was enabled to throw up a temporary 
bank, thus preventing serious damage to property. Streets in the 
neighbourhood of the Bute Esplanade were inundated, and the tide 
overflowed the sea bank at the East Moors. 

The Committee resolve to hasten the completion of permanent 
works which will prevent inundations, and to ask the assistance of 
Lords Bute, Windsor and Tredegar. 

Corporation decline to sanction the scheme for a proposed electric 
tramway from Cardiff to Penarth, preferring to keep their roads 
within their own hands. 

1896 December 14. 

Special Committee 7-e Weiring of the Taff. Resolved That the 
Borough Engineer be authorized to expend a sum not exceeding ^200 
in sinking or boring trial shafts, in order to prove the nature of the 
ground. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1897. 241 

The shops of Mr. Prust, chemist, and Messrs. Wilhains, grocers, 
in Clifton Street, Roath, are to be acquired i'or the widening of the 
east end of Four Elms Lane. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Alderman Thomas 
Rees, J. P. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Mr. William Jones, 
stationer, Duke Street, brother to Alderman David Jones. 

Land known as the Lower Wedal, and the Mount, purchased by 
the Corporation, for the enlargement of the Cemetery. 

Records Committee, December 10. Sample illustrations for the 
Records publication were submitted from the Western Mail, Ltd. 

Resolved That it be left in the hands of the Town Clerk to 
obtain further samples. 

Resolved That Mr. Ballinger, Chief Librarian, and Mr. Ward, 
Curator, be asked to attend next meeting and submit books of a 
similar character to the Records, in order that the Committee may 
decide regarding printing, paper and binding. 

Application for a copy of the Records publication was received 
from the Town Clerk of Newport, Mon., on behalf of the Free Library 
of that town. 

Resolved That the consideration thereof be adjourned until the 
volumes are near completion. 

Mr. Elliot Stock's offer to publish the Records is accepted, and a 
copy of the Prospectus is to be forwarded to him for consideration and 
suggestions. 

Mr. George Beynon Harris is appointed as a Solicitor in the 
Town Clerk's Department, at a salary of ^"200. He is to reside 
within the Borough. 

The Deputy Town Clerk and Mr. Beynon Harris attended 
before the Committee, and the Chairman explained the positions they 
would respectively occupy in the Town Clerk's Department. 

Mr. E. F. Kennard is appointed Swimming Master and Instructor 
in Gymnastics at the Corporation Baths ; salary £-2. per week. 

Wharton Place leased to Mr. James Howell. 

Sub-Committee appointed to negotiate with Lord Bute for 
obtaining the Cathays Park for municipal and other public purposes. 



242 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1897 January 1 1. 

The Mayor, Councillor Ebenezer Beavan, J. P., is elected an 
Alderman. 

Alderman Andrew Fulton resigns his Aldermancy. 

The Council of the Iron and Steel Institute accept the Corpora- 
tion's invitation to hold their Autumn Meeting this year at Cardiff. 

Order for the metalling &c. of (inter alia) Tynycoed Place, 
Roath. 

Mr. Lawrence G. Williams, Under Sheriff, writes complaining 
of the inadequate accommodation provided for the judges of Assize. 
(The matter was referred to the Property and Markets Committee). 

1897 January 19. 

Councillor Ramsdale elected Alderman. Special Committee 
appointed to deal with all questions relating to salaries and wages 
paid by the Corporation. 

Special Committee appointed to deal with the construction, repair 
and cleansing of strees and roads within the Borough. 

Town Clerk urges the provision of a larger strong-room for the 
Corporation's deeds and muniments. 

University Museum, Oxford. 

January 15th, 1897. 
Dear Dr. Vachell, — I have to thank you for a profitable tour in 
the Cardiff Museum and Art Gallery, which I did not even know the 
existence of. The Corporation seem to be installing it upon very 
judicious lines. The more I see of museums, the more I value 
the local element, whether Natural History on the one hand, or Arts 
on the other. Rooms full of things in general do not impress the 
intelligent young people who come in, so forcibly as the local things, 
which are real to them and lead their attention on to connected 
objects from all over the world. Your Curator is evidently very 
much alive to the value of "old-fashioned" things, just now or 
lately disappearing in Wales. I saw several for the first time, such 
as the breast-plough and the oyster-shell lamp from Gower. The 
local pottery seemed to me none the less interesting because of the 
fine things from South Kensington. You have, I think, a Curator 
who sees the instruction a museum may convey, and will sort out 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1S80-1897. 24;; 

local and 3;eneral, so as not to be crowded out by mere curiosities 
which do not teach much. — Yours ver}' truly, 

Edward B. Tylor. 

1897 February 8. 

Resolved unanimously That the Council of the ancient County 
Borough of Cardiff present a loyal and dutiful address of congratula- 
tion to Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen on the attainment of 
the sixtieth year of her reign, and that the Town Clerk be desired 
to prepare the draft thereof and submit same to the Parliamentary 
Committee for approval. 

General Purposes Committee resolved that a Provisional Agree- 
ment be entered into between Lord Bute and the Corporation for the 
purchase of Cathays Park at the price of /i 50,000, for the purpose of 
municipal buildings ; trees to be preserved and the unused space to 
be left open in perpetuity. 

Records Committee, February 15. Resolved That the volume 
submitted by Mr. Ballinger, entitled "Calendar of the Inner Temple," 
by F. A. Inderwick, Q C, be adopted as the sample for paper, type 
and binding of the Cardiff Records. 

I'he Archivist reported as to his work to this date. 

Application for a copy of the Records was received from the 
Right Rev. Dr. Hedley, Bishop of Newport (through Mr. J. Hobson 
Matthews). 

Museum Committee, February 25. Vote of regret and condolence 
on the death of Mr. James Pyke Thompson, J P. The Curator is to 
attend the funeral at Sevenoaks on behalf of the Committee. 

1897 March 8. 

Dumfries House, Old Cumnock, N.B. 
4th March 1S97. 
My dear Mr. Mayor, — The silver wedding day of my wife and 
myself falls upon April i6th. We have always retained the most 
lively recollection of the kindness with which we were received, not 
only by the Corporation, but also by the people of Cardiff, upon our 
wedding day. It has occurred to me, as a memorial of this twenty- 
fifth anniversary, to place in the hands of the Town Council the sum of 
^1,000, the yearly income of which should be annually given to some 
girl of the poorer classes in Cardiff whose marriage might be impeded 



244 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

by the want of such a sum. I should wish that in giving it the 
Mayor, or some other person whom they may prefer, should remind 
the bride and bridegroom of the origin of the foundation, and should 
read to them the first eleven verses of the second chapter of the 
Gospel according to Saint John. There are several points of detail 
upon which I should wish to be guided by the desire of the Council. 
The nomination of the candidates should, I tlnnk, be confined 
exclusively to Councillors ; but it is a question whether the selection 
should be left to the Mayor alone, or to the Mayor and Aldermen, or 
be left to the whole Council, voting by ballot. I think it is also a 
question whether the entire sum should always be given to one 
person, or should be divided into two at the discretion of the disposers 
of the benefaction. 1 should be glad if you will be so good as to 
communicate this to the Council on Monday. — Believe me, dear 
Mr. Mayor, 

Yours sincerely. 

Bute. 

Resolved unanimously That the sincere and hearty thanks of this 
Council be accorded to the Most Honourable John Patrick Crichton 
Stuart, Marquess of Bute and Earl of Dumfries, K.T., for his princely 
generosity in deciding to place in tlie hands of the Town Council, as 
a memorial of the silver wedding of the Most Hon. the Marchioness 
of Bute and His Lordship, the sum of /i,ooo (the annual income 
thereof to be given to some girl or girls of the poorer classes in 
Cardiff whose marriage might be impeded by the want of such a sum), 
upon the terms mentioned in His Lordship's letter of the 4th instant 
to the Mayor. 

Resolved That the points of detail mentioned in the foregoing 
letter from the Marquess of Bute be referred to the Finance Committee 
to settle and generally to deal with the matter. 

Resolved unanimously That this Council present to the Most 
Honourable the Marquess and Marchioness of Bute an address of 
congratulation upon the occasion of their silver wedding, on i6th 
April, and that the Town Clerk be desired to prepare the draft thereof 
and submit same to the Parliamentary Committee. 

General District Rate 15. ^d. in the £. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1S07. 245 

Sub-Committee to draft a scheme for the establishment and 
management of a Stores Department. 

An apphcation was received from the Mace-bearers for an extra 
pair of trousers, but tlie Property and Markets Committee could not 
see its way to accede thereto. 

Letter from Mr. Lascelles Carr, editor and proprietor of the 
Evening Express Sec, sending the original framed drawing, by Mr. 
J. M. Staniforth, of tlie cartoon entitled " Opening of the Cardiff 
Gymnasium.'' " I have thought that the Property Committee might 
possibly like to preserve it as a memento of a very interesting- 
occasion." (The drawing represents prominent members of the 
Corporation in bathing costume.) 

Resolved That the giit be accepted, and the hearty thanks of this 
Committee tendered Mr. Carr therefor ; and that the Borough Engineer 
hang the picture in the Members' Rocmi. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk again prepare memorials to the 
Home Secretary praying that the titles of " Lord Mayor " and " City " 
be granted to Cardiff. 

1897 March 29. 

Parliamentary Committee. Letter, dated 19th inst., from Mr. 
T. H. Thomas, and one dated 20th from Mr. Charles Morgan, 
suggesting certain action on the part of the Corporation, in support 
oi the Petition for including the armorial bearings of the Principality 
of Wales in the Royal Arms of Great Britain and h-eland. 

Resolved That the consideration of this question be postponed 
for the present. 

Queen's Diamond Jubilee Address is to be engrossed and illumi- 
nated on vellum, rolled in a morocco case, at a cost of five guineas, 
by the Western Mail, Limited : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 

The Humble Address of the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of 
the County Borough of Cardiff, in Council assembled. 

May it please Your Majesty : 

"We Your Majesty's loyal and dutiful subjects desire to offer 
to Your Majesty, with feelings of the greatest joy and most profound 
respect, our sincere and heartfelt congratulations on the occasion of 



246 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

the completion by Your Majesty of a Reign of Sixty Years, an event 
unique and unparalleled in the annals of our Country. 

No other period of English history can compare m glory with 
what we proudly term the " Victorian Era ;" nor has any age been so 
fruitful in the arts of peace, in great scientific discoveries, and in all 
the best elements of moral, material and intellectual progress. 

Your Majesty's reign has witnessed the removal of the tax upon 
knowledge, and the complete emancipation of the public press. It has 
seen the cheapening of the people's food, the inauguration of a 
system of national education, the sanitation of our towns, the 
development of a vast network of railways all over the land, the 
introduction of penny postage, the employment of the electric 
telegraph, and the laying of the submarine cable ; and almost every 
year has added to the volume and wealth of England's trade, and 
extended the frontiers of the British Empire. 

Every form of philanthropic work has flourished under the 
gracious auspices of Your Majesty ; and by the beauty and purity of 
3'our life Your Majesty has deepened and strengthened the founda- 
tions of the Monarchy of the British Empire, which has its roots in 
the love and devotion of a free people. 

The County Borough of Cardiff is the largest town in the 
Principality of Wales ; it was a small town sixty years ago, but has 
now a population of more than 170,000, and in respect of tonnage is 
the first port in the World. Cardiff', therefore, proudly terms itself a 
"Victorian" town, and its inhabitants realize the grand achievements 
of Your Majesty's long and glorious reign. 

May Your Majesty live for many years in the enjoyment of health 
and of the choicest gifts and blessings that Providence can bestow, 
and thus continue Your Majesty's beneficent reign over a tree and 
united people. Tnese are the outpourings of ardent, affectionate, 
loyal and dutiiul subjects to Your Majesty's Throne, who are eager 
to testify their attachment to a constitutional Sovereign in the person 
of their beloved Queen. 

County Borough of Cardiff. 
To the Most Honourable the Marquess of Bute and Earl of 
Dumfries, K.T., and to the Most Honourable the Marchioness of 
Bute. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. 247 

We the Ma3'or, Aldermen and Burgesses of the County Borough 
of Cardiff, in Council assembled, respectfully offer our heartfelt con- 
gratulations on the twenty-fifth anniversary of your wedding day. 
We have in memory the unbounded gladness with which you were 
received by the people of Cardiff and the neighbouring districts, on 
the 1 6th of April 1S72, and welcomed as bride and bridegroom, and 
the public rejoicings and festivities which attended the happy union of 
the noble houses of Bute and Howard ; and now, after twenty-five 
years, we count it a pleasure to give expression to the joy with which 
we have seen the bright example of your wedded life. We rejoice in 
the knowledge that God in His wisdom has blessed you with issue of 
your marriage to perpetuate the noble house of Bute, and we wish 
the greatest happiness and prosperity to your children, namely, to 
your daughter, Lady Margaret Crichton Stuart ; to your eldest son, 
the Honourable John Crichton Stuart, Earl of Dumfries (who opened 
the Roath Public Park on his thirteenth birthday, the 20th of June 
1894"); and to your sons. Lord Ninian Edward Crichton Stuart and 
Lord Colum Edmund Crichton Stuart. We gladly take the oppor- 
tunity afforded by your silver wedding to assure you of the high 
honour in which we hold yi-.ur names, and to express our grateful 
appreciation of the many munificent gifts you have generously made 
to the inhabitants of this Town, especially those in aid of higher 
education, the provision of parks and open spaces for the people, 
and the ministry to those in sickness and suffering. We earnestly 
trust that the loyal and affectionate relations and bonds of friendship 
that have from time immemorial existed between your noble house 
and the people of Cardiff may continue and be strengthened in the 
future. We refer with pride to the fact that during the municipal 
year 1S90-1 Your Lordship amidst universal gratification became the 
Mayor and Chief Magistrate of Cardiff, and carried out the heavy and 
onerous duties thereof in a manner worthy of the best traditions of 
your noble house. We have, therefore, on behalf of this large and 
progressive Town and Port of Cardiff", which owes so much to the 
great enterprise and publics pirit of Your Lordship, peculiar pleasure 
in offering to both of you, as well as to your children, our warmest 
good wishes at this felicitous epoch in your lives ; and we pray that 
you may long live in health and strength to enjoy the choicest giffs 
and blessings that Providence can bestow. 



248 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Common Seal affixed to a memorial to the Court of tlie University 
of Wales, praying that the Ofiice of the University Registrar be placed 
at Cardiff. 

Councillor Buist's motion in favour of the taxation of ground- 
rents again came before the Council. The Mayor having vacated the 
chair, the Deputy Mayor was elected to preside. The motion was 
then put and carried b}' a majority of 12. 

Borough Engineer reports on the reasons for the bad condition of 
the roads and streets. 

Mr. David Roberts tenders his resignation as Corporation 
Auditor after a service of over 35 years. 

Possession of the Wedal Farm is to be given up to the Corpora- 
tion on the death of the tenant's mother, Mrs. Davies, who is over 70 
years of age, and was born on the premises. 

Inspector of Explosives reports to the Property and Markets 
Committee : — "This report being the last I shall make to the Property 
and Markets Committee, I think it my dut}' to acknowledge the kind 
manner I have at all times been treated by my Committee for over a 
quarter of a century. I, therefore, in return sincerely hope that each 
member may enjoy the good health, vision and longevity that I have. 
I say health, because I am not aware that I have kept my bed a day in 
my life, as reported to the Thrift Committee. My sight, 1 have never 
needed the assistance of glasses to read or write up to to-da}'. And 
long life, if I am spared (D.v.) until to-morrow month, I shall have 
completed my 77th year of age. Those blessings I wish to each of 
m}- Committee. I can say what very few men in Cardiff can say — 
that I have had the honour of an invitation and attended the banquet 
of 40 Mayors of my native Borough of Cardiff. The foregoing 
acknowledgments, gentlemen, are the heartfelt wishes of your humble 
servant, 

Wm. Luke Evans, 

Inspector of Explosives." 

1897 April 12. 

^21,300 to the School Board. 

Councillor Jenkins' motion binding Eord Bute to keep open the 
Pier Head landing-stage free of toll to passengers was lost. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1807. 249 

_^2,ooo is to be paid to the Mayor, by way of remuneration, out 
of the Borough Fund. 

Records Committee, April 8. Archivist asi<ed for instructions as 
to proceeding to London to complete certain work. 

Resolved That the matter be postponed until the next meeting. 

Circular letter from the Law Committee of the Association of 
Municipal Corporations, forwarding prints of a memorial from the 
Congress of Archaeological Societies to municipal and county 
authorities, praying such authorities to search for all ancient 
documents in their possession and have them calendared in the 
same manner as has been done by the Corporations of London, 
Cardiflf, York and other towns. 

Gilbert Button appointed assistant to the Curator of the 
Museum. 

At the Museum Committee a letter was read from Mr Hobson 
Matthews, in which that gentleman suggested that portions of an old 
Welsh MS. translation of the "Christian Directory,'" which he had 
presented to the Museum, should be transferred to the Welsh MS. 
collection in the Free Library. 

Resolved That the request be acceded to, upon condition that the 
Free Library Committee make an equitable exchange. 

Letter from Mr. M, J. Harte, the newly-appointed Collector of 
Customs, making application that he be appointed Collector of Harbour 
Dues in succession to his predecessor, the late Mr. Tolputt, was read 
and agreed to. 

1S97 May 10. 

Resolved unanimously That the Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens 
of the County Borough of Cardiff, in Council assembled, desire to 
express their profound sympathy with the President of the French 
Republic and the people of Paris, in the heartrending calamity that has 
recently befallen them and the French nation by the terrible fire which 
occurred in the building where a charitable bazaar was being held, and 



1 By Father Robert Parsons, S.J. The lirst English edition was printed in the 
reign of Eiizabetli. A mutilated version has been published in Welsh, without 
acknovvledgmeut of the original authorship. By a most fortunate coincidence the 
Archivist, a few years later, discovered the missing portion of the above Welsh MS. 
(written circa 1050) and handed it to the Libiariaii. 



250 CARDIFF RECORDS 

b}' which about 120 persons lost their lives and a very large number 
received severe injuries ; and hereby record their admiration of the 
fortitude and heroism displayed by rescuers and rescued alike on that 
awful occasion. 

Special Meeting of Council, 24 May, convened to consider the 
evidence given by the Mayor on behalf of the Corporation in support 
of the Windsor Dock Bill. 

Councillor Buist proposed That this Council regrets the evidence 
tendered by His Worship before the Committee of the House of Lords 
re the Windsor Dock Bill, such evidence not being in accord with the 
unanimously expressed opinion of this Council. 

Councillor David, seconded by Alderman Carey, proposed by way 
of amendment That whilst regretting that the Windsor Dock Bill has 
been rejected by the House of Lords, this Council desires to affirm its 
confidence in the Mayor. 

The amendment was carried, after a warm and protracted debate. 

Special Meeting of Council, June 3. The Right Honourable 
Robert George Windsor-Clive, Lord Windsor, Privy Councillor, Lord 
Lieutenant of the County of Glamorgan (ex-Mayor of the Borough of 
Cardiff) attended, and was admitted an Honorary Freeman of the 
ancient and loyal Borough of Cardiff. The Freedom was presented in 
a silver-gilt casket. 

Water Bailiff reports on the dispersion of the wreck " Cardiff 
Castle," which he considers has been properly effected. 

Town Clerk reported as to the power of the Watch Committee to 
prohibit the crying of newspapers in the public streets on Sundays, 
and the matter was left in the hands of the Head Constable. 

Memorial to be forwarded to the Prime Minister, praying that the 
titles of Lord Mayor and City be granted to Cardiff. 

Messrs. Ballinger and Ward report as to the illustrations to be 
included in the Records publication. 

Resolved That the Archivist collect the illustrations required for 
each volume, and submit to this (Records) Committee. Draft Contract 
with Western Mail, Ltd., for printing, illustrating and binding the 
Records, is approved as altered. 

Councillor Buist ordered a copy of the Records. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk write .Mr. J. S. Corbett, respect- 
fully asking him to supply this Committee with a copy of the 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1S97. *St 

Ministers' Accounts for 1320, or allow the Archivist to take a copy 
thereof. 

Tender accepted for the erection of the Docks Branch Library. 

Mr. Arthur Bennett, of Croydon, is engaged to undertake the 
naming and classificalion of specimens in the Museum Herbarium, and 
is to be rewarded with a set of volumes of the Records publication, 
he having requested to be supplied with a History of Cardiff, or some 
similar work, by way of remuneration. 

National University Offices Sub-Committee met at Shrewsbury, 
April 23, and waited upon the University Court for the purpose of 
urging the claims of Cardiff to be the location of the University 
Offices. (Ultimately the Court shelved the question for a period of 
five years.) 

Villa di Bello-sguardo, Florence. 

April 26th, 1897. 
Dear Mr. Town Clerk, — I have received your letter of the 22nd 
with regard to the presentation of the Honorary Freedom of the 
Borough. I am anxious to consult the convenience of the Corporation 
as far as I possibly can ; but I expect to remain abroad till about the 
middle of May, and on the 20th of that month till the 30th I have to 
be with my Yeomanry m Worcestershire. Under these circumstances 
will you be good enough to ask the Committee whether a somewhat 
later date w-ould be equally convenient to them — either early in June 
or after the Jubilee festivities are over ? — I remain Yours very 
faithfully. 

Windsor. 

The following Welsh inscription is to be placed on the casket 
containing the scrip of Lord Windsor's Freedom : — 

" Cyflwynedig gyda Dinasfraint Anrhydeddus^ Bwrdeisdref Sir" 
Caerdydd i'r Gwir Anrhydeddus Robert George Wmdsor-Clive, 
Arglwydd Windsor, Cyfrin Gynghorwr, Arglwydd Raglaw Sir 
Morganwg,' fel cydnabyddiaeth o'r gwasanaeth mawr a nodedig a 

1 ? Mygedul. 



252 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

roddwyd s;anddo i dref Caerdydd fel Maer a Phrif Ynad yn ystod y 
flwyddyn 1895-6. 

Dyddiedig. 1897. 

E. Bf.avan, Maer. 
J. L. Wheatley, 

Ysgrifenydd y Dref." 

[Presented with the Honorary Freedom of the County Borough 
of Cardiff to the Right Honourable Robert George Windsor-CHve, 
Lord Windsor, Privy Councillor, Lord Lieutenant of the County of 
Glamorgan, as a recognition of the great and marked service which 
was given by him to the Town of Cardiff as Mayor and Chief 
Magistrate during the year 1895-6. Dated — 1S97. ^^ Beavan, 
Mayor. J. L. Wheatley, Town Clerk.] 

Wild Birds Protection Acts are to be enforced within the 
Borough. 

The new park at Canton is to be named "Victoria Park." 

Resolved That a new Town Hall and Law Courts be erected 
in Cathays Park, at the southern end of the western side thereof. 

Union of Bakers call upon the Council to suppress the under- 
ground bakehouse at the Beaufort Restaurant, No. 20 High Street. 

1S97 June 14. 

Whitehall. lOth June 1897. 
Sir, — i have had the honour to lay beiore the Queen the loyal 
and dutiful address of the Corporation of the Borough of Cardiff on 
the occasion of Her Majesty's attaining the sixtieth year of her reign, 
and I have to inform j^ou that Her Majesty was pleased to receive the 
same very graciousl_v. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your obedient Servant. 

M. W. Ridley. 

Letter from Monsieur A. de Trobriand, French Consul at 
Cardiff, that the Minister of Foreign Affairs in Paris conveys to 
the Municipality of Cardiff his best thanks for their kind sympathy 
in connection with the recent fire at a Charity Bazaar. An extract 
from the Minister's letter reads : — 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880-1S97. 253 

" J'ai ete tres-sensible a ce temoignage de douloureuse sjnnpathie, 
et je vous prie d' etre aupres de la Municipalite de Cardiff" I'lnterprete 
des remerciements emus du gouvernement de la Republique." 

Resolved That the whole of the employees of the Corporation be 
allowed a holiday on the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Day, Tuesday, 
22nd inst., or an extra day's pay in lieu thereof. 

Corporation accepts a tender for removing the hull of the ketch 
" Copious," lying at anchor on the East IVIud ; which vessel took fire 
and was abandoned. 

Asylums Committee decline to purchase Ton-yr-3'wen Farm, in 
the parishes of Llanishen and Whitcliurcii, of Mesdames Mary Morgan 
and Annie Owen, for _y,'27,6oo. 

Records Committee, June 18. Town Clerk reported he was 
unable to obtain a copy of the Ministers" Accounts for 1320 from 
Mr. J. S. Corbett. 

Application is to be made to the Local Government Board for 
sanction to borrow ,1^5,500 for re-plotting and publishing a new 
Ordnance Survey Chart of the Borough. 

Burial Board Committee are to remove and re-inter, under the 
supervision of the Medical Officer of Health, the bodies lying in that 
part of Saint John's Churchyard which is required for the Working 
Street improvement. 

Permission is withdrawn from F. Wakeham to ply breaks between 
Broadwa}' and Roath Park Lake. 

Parliamentary Committee. Town Clerk submitted draft memorial 
to Her Majesty in Council, praj'ing that Arms representative of Wales 
be included in the Royal Shield and Standard.' Resolved That the 
same be approved and the Common Seal affixed thereto. 

1897 July 12. 

Council considered the following Memorial : — 

To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty in Couneil. 

The Memorial of the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of the 
Borough of Cardiff, under their Common Seal, sheweth : 

^ The Town Clerk and the Archivist were among the execntive of the General 
Public Committee formed to promote the above object. That Committee enlisted the 
influence of the Corporation in the matter. The aims of the memorialists were 
almost hopeless trom the first, for technical reasons ; and the mountain brought forth 
a red dragon, to be used as a badge of the Prince of Wales. 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 

[i] That your Memorialists are deeply concerned in all 
matters affecting Wales, and especially those relating to 
its national importance and its position relativelj' to the 
other component parts of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland. 

(2) That your Memorialists desire humbly to draw Your 

Majesty's attention to the various National Arms con- 
tained in the Royal Shield and the coinage of the United 
Kingdom, and humblj' to express their regret that Arms 
representative of the Ancient British people are not 
included amongst them, and that in the National Flag of 
Union no portion represents them. 

(3) Your Memorialists desire to refer to the distinct national 

life and character of the Ancient British people, their past 
historj' and distinguishing language, and most strongly, 
though deferentially, to urge that one quarter of the Royal 
Shield of the United Kingdom should be allocated to Arms 
representing them. 

(4) That your Memorialists would refer to the numerous 

changes, both by omission and addition, which have been 
made in the Royal Shield up to the 3'ear 1801, as shewing 
precedent for such a change as your Memorialists pray. 
And in this connection your Memorialists would with 
deference recall to Your Majesty's remembrance the fact 
that one of Your Majesty's illustrious ancestors. King 
Henry VII., was of Cymric race, and fought the decisive 
battle of Bosworth Field under his banner of the Red 
Dragon of Wales, and that all the Tudor Sovereigns bore 
Arms or supporters representing that Country. 

(5) That your Memorialists beg leave to refer to the unbroken 

loyalty of the Welsh people to the British throne, and to 
the perfect amity existing between them and the peoples 
of England, Scotland and Ireland ; also to the Cymry 
(Welshmen) who have fought and bled for the Throne, 
not as individuals merged in the English army, but in 
regiments professedly Welsh and as distinct in nation- 
ality as the Scottish and Irish troops, having their own 
qualities and successes ; and also your Memorialists would 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1897. 255 

refer to the aid and influence of Wales, botli in ancient 
and modern times, in the arts of peace. 
(6) That your Memorialists desire permission to allude to the 
vast increase, during Your Majesty's beneficent reign, m 
the population, wealth and resources of Wales, which has 
been attended b}' a widening of the patriotic ideals of Your 
Majesty's loyal subjects in that Country ; and that your 
Memorialists have specially desired to approach Your 
Most Excellent Majesty in Council during this present 
year of Your Majesty's Diamond Jubilee, in order to show 
the earnest wish of Your Majesty's Cambrian subjects to 
draw still closer into union with England and the other 
Countries of the United Kingdom, while correspondingly 
conscious of their own ancient race and history and 
desirous of heraldic recognition similar to that accorded to 
the other constituent parts of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland. 

Your Memorialists do therefore humbly pray that 
Your Most Excellent Majesty in Council may 
be pleased to order that Arms representative of 
Wales may be introduced into the Royal Shield 
and the coinage of the United Kingdom, and 
that an emblem for Wales be added to the 
National Flag of Union. 
And Your Memorialists will ever praj', &c. 

Same was approved and the Common Seal affixed thereto. 

1897 July 29. 

Mr. G. F. Hill asks the Corporation to make improved provision 
for the Library requirements of the Cardiff Law Society in the Town 
Hall. (Referred to the Borough Engineer to report.) 

Town Clerk is, if possible, to obtain and frame all original designs 
for caskets presented with the Freedom of the Borough. 

Detective Inspector W. Scott is advanced to first class, for 
courageous action in arresting a man armed with a loaded revolver, 
with which he had shot a man. 



256 CARDIFF RFXORDS. 

1S97 August 9. 

G. L. Hunter appointed Boiler Inspector ; salary ^So. 

Town Clerk stated he was nut aware that application had ever 
been made to Lord Bute to hand over Sophia Gardens to tiie Corpora- 
tion as a Public Park. 

Resolved That the Town Clerk make enquiries as to whether 
there is any legal difficulty in the wa}- of the Sophia Gardens being 
handed over to the public. 

Records Committee, August 4. Letter from the Marquess of 
Bute stating he had no objection to a reproduction of his portrait 
in the first volume of Cardiff' Records, and suggesting the selection 
should be made from one of those taken of him as Mayor. Town 
Clerk reminded the Committee that the painting of his Lordship by 
Herkomer had been selected. 

Letter from Lord Windsor forwarding a photographic portrait of 
himself, for reproduction in the Records publication. 

Application from Mr. F. E. Andrews to subscribe to the Records 
publication. 

Six Charters to be reproduced in facsimile by the Autotype Co. 

Resolved That the whole of the matter suggested for publication 
in the volumes of Records be revised prior to copy being sent to the 
printers, such revision to be left in the hands of the Chairman. 

Mr. Alward is to give up immediate possession of the Mount, and 
Mr. T. Davies is to give up possession of the Wedal on i May 1898. 
Mr. Hopkins is to give up immediate possession of the Lower Wedal. 

1S97 September 13. 

Town Clerk read the following letter received by His Worship 
the Mayor from the Secretary of State : — 

Whitehall. 7 Septr. 1897. 
Sir, — I have received the Queen's commands to transmit to you 
the accompanying medal, which Her Majesty has been graciousl}' 
pleased to confer upon you on the completion of the sixtieth year of 
her reign. 

I have to request that 3'ou will be good enough to send me an 
acknowledgment of the receipt of this decoration. 

I am, Sir, Your obedient Servant. 

M. W. Ridley. 
The Mayor of the Borough of Cardiff. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1880. S97. 257 

Moved by Councillor Good : That, considering the grave public 
scandal that has been caused by the nepotism and favouritism that 
prevail in the appointment to offices under the Corporation, a 
Committee be formed to investigate the same and report thereon to 
this Council, shewing what direct or indirect relationship any official 
of the Corporation may bear to any member thereof, or to the head of 
any Department thereof; also shewing the names, the dates of 
appointment, salaries, increments, fees or other emoluments attached 
to or arising from any such office respectively. 

The above motion was lost. 

The Manager of Cardiff Market reported as to the displacement 
offish salesmen on the Hayes, owmg to the construction of an under- 
ground lavatory on the open space there by the Health Committee. 

Resolved That the Manager arrange with the Head Constable 
as to the costermongers standing temporarily on the highway m the 
Hayes. 

The Manager of Cardiff Market stated he had been unable to 
collect the tolls on cattle sold at the Foreign Animals Wharf, in 
consequence of the refusal of the salesmen to pay same. 

Resolved That the matter be referred to the Town Clerk for his 
attention. 

Town Clerk reported that Captain William Jones, Cardiff Pilot, 
informed him that stone ballast had been discharged from the barque 
" Albatross " into the Middle Pool in the fairway of Cardiff Roads. 
The Town Clerk caused enquiries to be made by the Water Bailiff, 
and a summons was issued under the Harbours, Dock and Pier Act 
1S14, against the master of the vessel, who was fined ^5 and costs. 

Town Clerk reported that he had received 63 Memorials in favour 
of the Armorial Bearings of Wales proposal, from Welsh authorities 
and bodies. Consideration of the matter was adjourned. 

Finance Committee considered the draft Declaration of Trust in 
connection with Lord Bute's Silver Wedding Dowry, which had been 
submitted to the Town Clerk by the Marquess' Solicitor; and in 
approving thereof recommends that the nomination of girls eligible 
for the dowry be made in writing by each Member of the Council 
individually. 



258 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1S97 October 1 1. 

Receipt from the School Board for ^^ 11,000. 

Resolved unanimously That this Council do record its great 
gratification at the completion of a statue of the late Lord Aberdare, 
who, during a bus}' and most exemplary life, rendered numerous and 
inestimable services to the cause of education in South Wales, and 
the Cardiff University College in particular; and hereby expresses its 
unqualified delight at the decision of the Committee in charge thereof 
to erect the statue in the Borough of Cardiff. 

Resolved That a temporary site for the statue be granted in the 
Howard Gardens, and that subsequently the statue be placed in 
Cathays Park. 

Moved by Councillor Good : That it be an instruction to the 
Town Clerk to iurther investigate the conditions upon which the 
Sophia Gardens are held by the public of Cardiff and Lord Bute 
respectivel}' ; also to obtain all information as to the public rights of 
way across Cooper's Fields (now enclosed as the Castle Park), with a 
view to enforcing and maintaining a legal claim thereto ; and that he 
report progress thereon at each succeeding Meeting of the Council. 

Resolved accordingly. 

Vote of regret and condolence on the death of Dr. Vaughan, 
Dean of Llandaff. (Parliamentary Committee, October 16). 

1S97 October 25. 

Records Committee, October 27. Archivist's Report : — 
"Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Records Committee, 

I have the honour to inform you that the manuscript materials for 
the Records publication are now read}- for the printer. The copy for 
Volume L has been inspected b}' your Chairman and found in order. 
There appears, therefore, to be no reason why the printing should not 
commence forthwith, so soon as the question of paper has been finally 
decided. 

The preparation of these materials has, of course, involved much 
labour. The work of compiling a digest of the Council Minutes alone, 
covering" a period of two hundred years, has occupied several months 
and takes up about two thousand sides ot foolscap. It will be evident 
to you that this portion of the Records publication will be of immense 
interest and value to the public, not only from the historical point ot 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 1SS0-1897. 259 

view, but also as a work of reference in all that concerns municipal 
matters. The original Minutes exist only in unique manuscripts 
down to 1878; and though the subsequent years' Minutes have been 
printed, the earlier numbers of this printed series are so extremely 
scarce, and the later ones so bulky, that a digest is imperatively 
needed for ordinary purposes of reference. 

There remains the work of editing the Records publication. 

This will require the closest attention, for anything like careless 
or inadequate editing would wreck the whole work and bring upon it 
such severe condemnation from the literary press as would ruin my 
reputation ior work of this kind and even reflect upon the Corporation 
themselves. It is absolutely essential that the printed proofs of the 
forthcoming book should be corrected from the original documents. 
Unless this is done, the 'Cardiff Records,' when published, will be 
devoid of critical value and inadequate to the requirements of serious 
students of our local history." 

Resolved That the copy for Volume I. be forwarded to the printer 
for setting forthwith, and the Archivist instructed to proceed with the 
revision thereof; and that all final proofs be submitted to this 
Committee for approval. 

Resolved That the question of correcting a portion of the proofs 
of Volume I. from original documents not in the possession of the 
Corporation be adjourned until the next meeting. 

The Committee instructed the Archivist as to the Preface. 

Resolved That the question of settling the qualit}' of the paper 
for the Records be left to the Chairman and Mr. Ballinger. 

The Archivist reported that the following gentlemen desired to 
subscribe to the Records publication : — T. H. Thomas, esq., 45 The 
Walk, Cardiff; A, H. Mathew, esq., Llandaff Cottage, Bromley, Kent. 

Chancery Records of Glaiuorgan. 

A letter dated 15 August was read from the Secretary of the 
Cambrian Archaeological Association, as to the result of the applica- 
tion of the Corporation herein ; also the Town Clerk's reply of 16 
August. 

Richard Morgan is appointed Water Bailiif, in the place of Daniel 
Jones, deceased ; salary ;/,35 with uniform. 



26o CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1S97 November 2. 

Resolved unanimously, upon the motion of His Worship the 
Mayor : — That this Council, in renewing to Her Most Gracious 
Majesty the Queen the assurance of their devotion to Her Majesty's 
Person and Throne, desire to express the sincere regret with which 
they received the intelligence of the death of Her Royal Highness 
the Duchess of Teck, and to tender their most respectful and deep 
sympathy with Her Majesty and Her Majesty's Royal Family in their 
sorrowful affliction. 

A like Resolution to be forwarded to H.R. H. the Duke of Teck. 

His Worship the Mayor (Alderman Beavan, j.P.), on behalf of the 
General Purposes Committee appointed to carry out the celebration of 
the Jubilee of Her Majesty the Queen m Cardiff, presented to the 
Council a magnificent chain and badge (subscribed for by the ladies 
of Cardiff in commemoration of the 60th year of the reign of Her 
Majesty) for use at functions by the Mayoress of Cardiff for the time 
being. 

Resolved That this Council have pleasure in accepting the same. 

The following is a description of the badge, which was designed 
and supplied by Messrs. Spiridion & Son, Cardiff: — 

The Chain is composed of a succession of shields, Tudor roses, 
dragons, goats and sea-horses, all made of iS-carat gold. The shield, 
which occupies the centre of the front of the chain, is emblazoned in 
correct heraldic colours with the arms of the County Borough of 
Cardiff, the chevronels being composed of rubies. The shield is 
surmounted by a mural crown set in diamonds. Occupying a similar 
position at the back of the chain is a shield bearing the arms of Wales, 
also surmounted b}' a diamond mural crown. ^ At the back of this 
shield is a pair of leeks m saltire. On eacn side of the chain from 
front to back are six shields, each of which is charged with the 
arms of one of the twelve counties of Wales.- For those counties 
which bear no arms, the arms or seal of the chief corporate body in 
that county have been adopted. These are all enamelled as far as 
possible in correct heraldic colours, and each is surmounted by the 
Prince of Wales' plumes. Each shield is supported by either a 
dragon and goat, or a dragon and sea-horse, it being the intention of 

' This should have been a ducal coronet. — J. H. M. 

- Monmouthshire should have been included as the thirteenth.— J. H. M. 



COUNCIL MINUTES, 18S0-1S97. 261 

the designer that those counties which have a seaboard should be sup- 
ported by a sea-horse, and inland counties by a goat. Between every 
two shields is a Tudor rose, the Common Seal of the Borough of Cardiff, 
correctly enamelled. There is also a contrivance by which the chain 
ma}' be shortened several lengths. The pendant is composed mainly 
of diamonds. The centre of it is occupied by an enamelled painted 
portrait of the Queen, surmounting which are the Royal Arms, 
properly enamelled. At each side of the portrait is a figure, repre- 
senting respectively Poetry and Music. Below these are branches, in 
diamonds, rubies and emeralds, of roses, thistles and shamrocks. At 
the back of the pendant is an inscription setting forth the occasion of 
the presentation. The link which joins the pendant to the chain is 
composed of a Tudor rose, on which is set a diamond of the first 
water. The whole is enclosed in a red morocco case, and the coloured 
design is framed and hung up in one of the rooms of the Town Hall. 

New Councillors elected are : — Lloyd Meyrick, John Wesley 
Courtis, Frank Allen Fox, William Thomas Symonds, John Chappell, 

Resolved That, having regard to the increase of work in the 
Town Clerk's Department, Mr. F. J. Schroeter and Mr. R. A. 
Wheatley be appointed to assist therein at a salary of £2 per week 
each. 

The Mayor-Elect is Alderman Joseph Ramsdale, J. P. Salary 
^■1,000. 




LLWYN-Y-GRANT-UCHAF. 




CHAPTER III. 

I^clcctions from Hrcbivists IRepoits.' 




The City of Llandaff. 

FFER a careful examination of the new edition of the 
Liber La.idai'cnsis,"- I am of opinion that there 
have never been an}' boundaries of the Cit}' of 
Llandaff", as distinct from the Parish of Llandaff. 
No mention of any such boundaries is to be met with in the 
variously-dated records contained in that book ; and it is 
incredible that this would be the case, had such boundaries ever 
existed. 

One of the earliest documents in Lib. Laiuiav. recites how Meuric, 
Kmg of Morganwg, granted to the Cnurch of 'Leilo [i.e., to this diocese) 
his countrj'-seat of Llandaff — " podiiiii siiuiii dc Laiiu taiii" — and the 
territory thereof, ''with these boundaries: From Henriu gunua to riu 
finion, and from gungleis to the sea, the whole within the taf and the 
elei, with the fish," &C. Then fullows a grant of various lands within 
the whole " parish " [i.e., diocese) of Llandaff. The record goes on to 
relate that "After these things the king rose, and perambulated the 
whole territor}^" &c., with the accompaniment of a certain solemn 
ceremonial intended to define for all time the precise limits of the 
" territory " thus granted to the See of Llandaff. The area of this 



' A tew emendations have been made in this text. 

- The Text uf tlie iiook of Llau Dav, reproduced from the Gwysauey Maimscript, 
by J. Gwenogvryn F.vans, &c. Dxlord. 1S93. 



\^\^ ' ,sVll 



0s 



m^ 




C-Asn.i (W 



SEI.KCTIONS FROM ARrHIVlST'S RKPOKTS. 263 

"territory," as above defined, appears to have been practically 
identical with the old ecclesiastical Parish of Llandaff. 

In later ages, the various I'apal Bulls set forth in Jjh. Lmuiai'., 
in defining and confirming the possessions of the See of Llandaff, 
invariably speak of the " 'I'orritory " (meaning the Parish) and the 
" Parish " (meaning the Diocese) of Llandaff — " Landaviam cum 
territorio suo, et parochia scilicet Cantrebachan," &:c. — naming distant 
localities within the L)iocese ; but none of these records define the 
limits of the actual Town or City of Llandaff. 

This is not because the episcopal City was not then a place of 
importance; for others of the documents duly mention that Llandaff 
contamed, by the grant of the Welsh Princes, a market, a mint, 
Episcopal Courts of civil and criminal jurisdiction, and even the 
privileges of a maritime Port. In view of the importance of Llandaff 
at that time, as evidenced by these public institutions, it is very 
significant that no boundaries should have been assigned to the City 
proper; and this in fact points strongly to the conclusion that the City 
was the whole " territory " granted to Saint Teilo by King Meuric — 
i.c , the Parish of Llandaff, as it existed prior to the 1875 extension of 
the Borough. 

At a later date the immediate possessions of the Bishop of 
Llandaff assumed the character of a feudal Manor of Llandaff, with 
an episcopal mansion at Llandaff Castle, a stronghold of the 
Edwardian period. The " territory," moreover, extended further east 
than the Taff, since it included a piece of pasture land on the left bank 
of the river, at Cardiff. 

The only sort ot boundary which the Town of Llandaff could 
have iiad would have been walls. But walls were military defences 
erected to safeguard municipalities, such as the Burgh of Cardiff. They 
were probably not considered necessary for tiie defence of a cathedral 
and its adjuncts, regarded by all Christendom as sacred. Such a 
sacred place was Llandaft", in the .yes of the people of the Middle 
Ages — a cathedral church surrounded by buildings of an ecclesiastical 
character, which to attack would have been sacrilege. 

I therefore conclude that the City of Llandaff is nothing more nor 
less than the " terntorium " granted to the Bishop by ancient Welsh 
Princes, and that this area is co-terminous with the old Parish of 
Llandaff. 

J. H. M. 



264 CARDIKF RECORDS. 

The claim of Cardiff to be the Capital of Wales. 

It has been remarked that there is no capital of Wales, and in a 
certain sense this is true. The capitals of England, Scotland, Ireland, 
France and other countries, are the towns which from ancient times 
have been the seats of the executive and administrative power in the 
State; and such are London, Edinburgh, Dublin, Paris &c. Each of 
the above countries either is, or anciently was, governed by its own 
Sovereign, or by its own Parliament, or by both together ; and the 
capital town was that in which the Sovereign had his Court, or the 
Parliament its house of assembly. In this political sense, Wales has 
no capital, and cannot be said to have ever had one. Only for brief 
periods, and at very long intervals, was Wales ruled by one Prince of 
her own ; and even then they were not always of the same dynasty, 
nor did they reside at one and the same hereditary seat of govern- 
ment. 

Those acquainted with public opinion in the Principalit\' are well 
aware, however, that for some years past there has existed among 
Welshmen a growing desire to see their national aspirations crowned 
by the creation of a metropolis for Wales ; nor can it be doubted that 
the present trend of our political ideas favours the importance 
of subordinate national capitals. The difficulty begins when the 
question is asked : Which town has the best claim to be considered, 
or made, the capital of Wales ? It may be assumed at the outset, that 
the choice practically lies between Aberystwyth, Swansea and Cardiff; 
and, inasmuch as the claim of Aberystwyth rests mainly on her being 
situate close to the border-line of North and South Wales, the claims 
of Swansea and Cardiff are the only ones which need be considered 
here. 

Glamorgan has long been acknowledged as the premier county of 
the Principality, a recognition conceded to this shire by virtue of its 
greater population, wealth and political importance. In 1S91 
Glamorgan contained nearly half of the inhabitants of Wales, 
and its trade is immeasurably greater than that of all the other 
Welsh counties together. If we except Monmouthshire, Glamorgan 
was the first province of Cambria which was permanently annexed to 
the English Crown ; and to this day it contains the remains of a 



SELECTIONS FF^OM ARCHIVIST'S REPORTS. 265 

greater number of feudal military castles than any similar division of 
Great Britain. The larger portion of Glamorgan formed a territory 
which was successively held by the greatest barons of the realm, such 
as De Clare, Despenser, Beauchamp, Neville, and jasper Tudor. 
From the latter's death m the year 1497, until 1551, it was in the 
hands of the Kings of England as Lords of Glamorgan and Morganwg, 
and was then granted to Sir William Herbert, uncle of Edward VI., 
afterwards created Earl of Pembroke. The Herberts of this line held 
nearly the whole of the same territory, as the Lordship of Cardiff 
Castle and its dependencies, down to 1733 ; and the major part of the 
last-named Lordship is now m the hands of the Most Noble the 
Marquess of Bute, Earl of Dumfries, Baron Cardiff of Cardiff Castle, 
&c , as descendant of Sir William Herbert in a female line. 

It must be understood, however, that Swansea formed no part of 
the Honour or Lordship of Glamorgan and Morganwg, being a town 
within the Territory of Gower, the outlying western portion of the 
present County of Glamorgan, and so belonging to the Lord of Gower, 
who IS His Grace the Duke of Beaufort, the representative of 
another line of the great Herbert clan. Gower was not anciently part 
of Glamorgan, and to this day is not within the diocese of Llandaff, 
but in that of Saint David's, like Carmarthenshire. 

One consideration which weighs against Swansea's claim, is that 
she is situate in a territory which is not Welsh, but English. Gower is 
peopled by an almost purely Teutonic and English-speaking race, akin 
to the inhabitants of the portion of Pembrokeshire known as " Little 
England beyond Wales." The population of English Pembrokeshire 
and Gower are commonly supposed to be the descendents of Flemings 
settled in those regions by the Norman conquerors of South Wales, 
but it is more probable they are mainly immigrants from the opposite 
coasts of Somersetshire and Devonshire. At all events they are not 
Welsh, and Welshmen could hardly be satisfied to receive as their 
metropolis a town which has no direct associations with the Celtic 
British race, but which, on the contrary, is portion of a Teutonic 
colony. 

The claim of Cardiff to be the chief town of Wales rests upon 
her actual position as the capital of the most important county in the 
Principality. Cardiff has been the capital of Glamorgan as long as 
this shire has been in existence. Even before the creation of the 



266 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Welsh counties by Henry VIII. she was the administrative capital of 
the ancient province and palatine lordship of Glamorgan, and as such 
had her Sherift-s Court of the Coniitatus, her Exchequer and her 
Chancery, in which Courts trial was held of all actions, both civil and 
criminal, before the officers of the Lord, subject only in rare cases to 
the over-ruling- of the King's Courts at Westminster. 

In respect of commerce, Cardiff was from ancient times the chief 
port of South Wales, if not, indeed, of all Wales. Evidence of her 
mediaeval importance in this regard may be seen even in such a work as 
Malory's version of the " Gestes of King Arthur," printed by Caxton, 
where the Knights of the Round Table are represented as taking ship 
at Cardiff, on leaving Britain. That Cardiff was in early times a 
Staple town is shewn by the fact that Edward III. ordered the Staple 
of wool to be moved from Cardiff to Carmarthen, on the ground that 
Cardiff, as head of the Lordship of Glamorgan and Morganvvg, was 
not a "King's town." (Printed Calendar of Patent Rolls, Rolls 
Series.)' From ancient muniments preserved at the Cardiff Custom 
House, reciting documents wliich probabl}' remain among the national 
archives, it appears that Cardiff was originally the Head Port on the 
coast of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire, from the mouth of the Wye 
westward to Wormshead (the Mumbles), and that the other havens on 
this coast were only Creeks in the Port of Cardiff. Further, that 
on 31 December 16S5 a Royal Commission expressly' declared 
Chepstow, Penarth, Newport, Barry, Sully and Aberthaw to be within 
the Head Port of Cardiff, and raised Swansea, from being only a 
Creek, to the rank of a Member of the Port of Cardiff. The same 
Commission supplies striking proof of tlie superior commercial status 
of Cardiff over Swansea, by finding that the quay of Cardiff belonged 
to the Town of Cardiff, but that the quay of Swansea belonged to 
the Duke of Beaufort. (Cardiff Custom House Order Book, 8 July 
I 7 14, citing Commission of Easter Term, 2 Jac. II. )■ 

Among the Phillips MSS. recently purchased b^- the Free 
Library Committee of the Cardiff Corporation there is preserved a 
Latin paper roll of the early 17th century (No. 26464) headed : " The 
Great Baronies of Wales, with their members, and the Manors subject 

1 Vide ante, Vol. Ill, p. 19. 

- Vide ante, Vol. II., pp. 375. 376, 377. 



SEI.KCTIONS FROM ARCHIVIST'S REPOKTS 267 

to them." The portion relatini; to Soutli Wales commences with 
Glamorgan, which is described as a Lordship consisting of "The 
Castle and Town of Cardiff, chief of the Barony," and the castles and 
towns of Cowbridge, Neath, Llantrisant, Kenfig and Aberavon, which 
last are said to be "All borough towns and members of the Lordship 
of Glamorgan." Then follows a list of seventy manors and towns, 
over the major portion of Glamorgan, from Roath to Neath, some 
of which are "All several Manors and parcel and members of Glamor- 
gan and the Lordship of Cardiff," while the rest are " Several Manors 
held of the Castle of Cardiff as chief of Glamorgan." 

Speed, writing his " Description of Britain," also early in the 17th 
century, calls Cardiff " the fairest town of all South Wales," and, " the 
chief town of all South Wales." 

There are in existence three early Guides and Directories of 
Cardiff, but they are exceedingly scarce. The first was printed 1796 
and speaks of Cardiff as " The county town of Glamorgan." The 
second, dated 1S13, adds " Tliis town has been for ages the residence 
of princes, the seat of government and judicature." The third, of 1S29, 
says " Cardiff, the county town of Glamorgan, is considered the fairest 
town in all South Wales." 

All available records, in fact, point to Cardiff as the chief town of 
the most important county in the Principalit}^ from ancient times to 
the present — a position which gives her a strong claim to be the 
capital of Wales. 

One other consideration deserves to be borne in mind, namely, 
that Cardiff is closely connected with Llandaff, the ecclesiastical 
metropolis of South Wales, and the cathedral city of the premier 
episcopal see in the British Isles (in point of history) According to 
the earliest extant Welsh chronicles and triads, the Christian Faith 
was first preached to the Britons A.D. 170, by Saint Ffagan and 
his two companions, m.issionaries sent from Rome' by Pope Saint 



' ■' iMyvyiian Archaiolugy ul Wales." Gee. Denbigh. 1870. pp. 452a, 505a., b., 
569. " lolu MSS." Foulkes. Liverpool. 18SS. pp. 40, 100, 115, 135. " Cambro- 
British Saints." Rees. Llandovery. 1S53. p. 278. Book of Llandafl". Evans and Rhys. 
Oxford. 1893. pp. 26, 68, 289. 



26S CARIMFF RfXORDS. 

Eleutherius,' at the request of " King" Lleurwg, or Lucius." Lleurwg 
appears to have been the native chieftain (tributary regulus under the 
Romans) of that portion of Britain whereof Caerleon was the seat of 
government ; and which, though forming part of the ancient Siluria, 
was i-;nown in earl}- mediaeval times as Morganwg. It was not until 
the latter half of the fiftli century that bishoprics in Britain became 
dioceses with definite territorial boundaries and fixed sees or cathedrae. 
In this more modern sense Saint Dyfrig was the first Bishop of 
Llandafl', and Saint Teilo (who died 512) the second ; but, if the most 
venerable Welsh traditions are to be credited, (and in this respect they 
are not contradicted by the known facts of history), Saint Ffagan was 
a bishop of the archaic type, having the episcopal oversight over the 
native Britons of Morganwg — ^^just as the Bishop of Caerleon presided 
over the Christians of Roman or semi-Roman origin within the same 
or perhaps a wider area. Four extremely ancient churches uniquely 
dedicated in the names of Saint Ffagan and his three companions are 
found within a small radius from Llandaff ; and that this district was, 
from the age of the first apostles of Britain, the chief episcopal province 
of Wales, there is no good reason to doubt. Therefore the Welsh are 
justified in regarding Llandaff as the most ancient bishopric in Britain, 
and the town of Cardiff claims the honour of a close connection with 
the venerable city. The old parishes of Saint Mary and .Saint John, 
Cardiff, immediately adjoin the parish of Llandaff; and the marvellous 
growth of the giant seaport is such that Cardiff is rapidly absorbing 
Llandaff. At the time of writing these memoranda (January 1897), 
the two are connected by a chain of dwelling-houses, and their full 
union is only a question of a couple of years. ^ That is to say, in a 
very short time Cardiff, the greatest commercial town in Wales, will 
be one with Llandaff, the most ancient cathedral city. Here is surely 
a material argument in favour of Cardiff's aspiration to be the Welsh 
metropolis. 

• Called in Welsh Elidyr and Elidr. 

- Llaneurwg (in English, St. Mellon's), near Cardiff, takes its Welsh name from 
Saint Lucius, the kingly "light-bearer;" and its English name from Saint Melo (a 
native of Cardiff,) the first Bishop of Rouen and the proto-missionary of Britain. 
These things show Cardiff to have been the centre of early British Christianity. 

^ The material junction of Cardiff with Llandaff is now (1904) complete. — J. H. M. 



SELECTIONS FROM ARCHIVIST'S REPORTS. 269 

But in her appeal to history and antiquity, Cardiff may point to 
iier continuous existence from times 3'et more remote. The learned 
head of jesus College, Oxford, Principal John Rhys, M.A., (who is 
the first holder of the Chair of Celtic in that University, and admittedly 
the highest authority on remote British history and Welsh linguistics) 
agrees with other historians in identifying the Ratostabios of Ptolemy's 
Itinerary- with the Roman Castle of Cardiff, and in equating its name 
with the British Rhath-Taf, "the fort on the Taff." ( See Principal 
Rhys' correspondence hereon with the present writer, published in the 
IVestern Mail of October 1S94.) The historical and topographical 
evidence for this view is so cogent, that it is not disputed by any 
writer, though it would be out of place to swell these memoranda with 
the archaeological details upon which the view is founded. Cardiff, 
then, under an older name, was the all but prehistoric capital of 
Siluria, the home of that indomitable race of pre-Aryan warriors which 
offered such obstinate resistance to the Roman arms. That Cardiff 
under the Emperors was an important Roman station on the Via Julia, 
its rectangular castrum guarding the ford across the Taff, has long 
been verified as a historical fact, and attested by actual Roman remains. 
We have it, then, that Cardiff is not only inseparably linked with the 
most ancient British cathedral city, but that she herself has been a 
towm of importance for a couple of thousand years. This antiquity 
invests Cardiff with a mantle of historic dignity whicli, like her 
commercial distinction, marks her as the unquestionable premier of 
all the towns in Wales. If other Welsh towns cannot challenge 
Cardiff's superiority in the matter of population, prosperity and 
commercial enterprise, so neither can they impugn the title-deeds 
which declare her to be their senior in age and historical renown. 
Cardiff the ancient has seen the birth of all her rivals, and the decay 
of not a few ; Cardiff the modern, vigorous still and rejuvenescent, 
outstrips tliem all in the march of progress. No other town but 
Cardiff is a possible capital of Wales. 

John Hobson jVIatthews. 



2 70 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Cardiff. 4 September 1900. 
Dear Sir, 

In reply to your interesting letter of yesterday's date, it is as 
impossible to assign a date to the inclusion of the Flat Holm within 
the parish of Saint Mary, Cardiff, as to name the precise period when 
that parish was originally firmed. This was probably done shortly before 
the Norman Conquest of Glamorgan, and there is no reason to doubt 
that the Flat Holm was included from the first. According to the Peram- 
bulation of 1373, Bristol at that tirne claimed no portion of the island 
as being within her iurisdiction. The Marquess of Bute holds the soil 
of the Flat Holm by the same title as the rest of his Lordship of 
Cardiff" Castle and its dependencies. The Particulars, dated 10 April 
1550, for tlie Crown Grant of tiiis Lordship to Sir William Herbert, 
Lord Bute's predecessor in title, include " the farm and profit of 
the conies of fflate holmes " under the heading " Town of Cardiff." 
[Cardiff Rcconh, V<j1. I., p. 461.) There can be no doubt that the Flat 
Holm anciently, and from time immemorial, was a portion of the 
Lordship of Glamorgan, of which Cardiff was the capital. In 1492 
the Minister of the then Lord, Jasper, Duke of Bedford, accounted, 
under the heading "Farm and issues of the burgages" (of Cardiff" 
Burgh), for " 105. farm of the rabbit-warren of the fffatholmes." 
(Cardiff Records, Vol. I., p. 175). The right of taking "conies on the 
Flat Holm " was a hereditament which long remained in the hands of 
the Lord himself, as part of his demesne of Cardiff" Castle. 

In 1 8 14, when Rothley & Co. were tenants of the Flat Holm, 
the island was rated as part of the parish of Saint Mar^', Cardiff", 
according to the earliest extant Rate Book. It is a matter of local 
tradition that the Vicar of Saint Mary's in times past visited the island 
in person and collected his tithe there. 

The Act 2 & 3 W. IV., cap. 64, schedule M, names the Flat 
Holmes as an isolated part in the Bristol Channel belonging to tlie 
county of Glamorgan, and declares that the island is to be annexed 
to Glamorganshire for Parliamentary purposes. 

The Schedule to the Cardiff Improvement Act 1875 has these 
words: — " Cardiff South Ward. The district bounded on the North 
by the West Ward and comprising the Great Western Railway and the 
portion of the borough lying .South of same including the island of 



SELECTIONS FROM ARCHIVIST'S REPORTS. 271 

the Flat Holmes. The boundary of this ward is coloured red on the 
borough plan." 

The first extract from William of Worcester's Itinerarj-, which 
you kindly send me, evidently refers to the Flat Holm, though I do 
not understand the allusion to the Towe}'. The figures 100, in 
reference to the population, are perhaps a mistake for 10. The distance 
from Lavernock Point (low-water mark) to about the centre of Flat 
Holm Island, is 2 miles and 5 furlongs. 

The Flat Holm has been from time immemorial accounted part of 
the Borough of Cardiff. The occasion of its becoming so would be 
vainly sought for among extant records, but the early history of the 
island serves to explain the matter to some extent. Long before the 
Norman conquest of Glamorgan, the Flat Holm was a favorite resort 
of such noted luminaries of the P^ritish Church as Saint Cadoc and 
Saint Illtyd. It was there that Saint Cadoc of Llancarfan used to pass 
the season of Lent with his monastic brethren. [Caiiib. Brit. SS., 
PP- 45' So'^v* The venerable religious traditions which clustered 
round the Holms were doubtless the reason why the Flat Holm was 
included in in the parish of Saint Mary, the spiritualities and 
temporalities whereof the Norman Lords of Glamorgan obtained for 
their favourite Abbey of Tewkesbury. Two of the murderers of 
Saint Thomas a Beckett were buried on the Holms, and the full dedi- 
cation of Saint Mary's church in Norman times was "Saint Mary the 
Virgin and Saint Thomas the Mart^T." 

All these facts are insignificant in themselves, but taken together 
they show the long and intimate connection of the Flat Holm with the 
Borough of Cardiff.' 



The Corporation s Right to Levy Harbour Dues. 

In the time when the Marcher Lordship of Glamorgan and 
Morganwg (including the Vill of Cardifi') was under the unrestricted 
dominion of the Norman Fitz-Hamu's successors in title, the 
payments made in respect of merchandise shipped or landed at Cardiff' 



' The above lettt-r was prepaied by tlie Archivist iu reply tu one addressed to the 
Town Clerk by a gentleman at Bristol. 



272 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

was a source of income to the Lord, and to him alone. In 1316, 
when the Lordship was in the King's wardship, owing to the minority 
of the Lord, the official Custodian accounted to the Crown " for 75. 2d. 
of the tolls of the sea landing-place " ; and, among the " Issues of the 
Vill," he accounted for " 2s. '^d. received of the toll of timber sold in 
the port of Kaerdif," for the preceding 3'ear. As a matter of course, it 
was then the Lord who bore the entire expense of maintaining the 
navigation and the qua}', near the mouth of the river TafT. 

In 1340 the Lord granted to the free Norman and English 
burghers of Cardiff (probably for a heavy money payment) a Charter 
of public privileges, among which was freedom from the liability to 
pay tolls in general, within the Liberties ; and in particular freedom 
from quayage, i.e., from the toll which had theretofore been payable to 
the Lord for every vessel of a burgess lading or unlading within the 
Burgh of Cardiff. This Charter goes on to grant that no merchandise 
coming to or passing through the Town, whether by land or water, 
shall be sold at or removed from Cardiff, until it has been shewn, first 
to the Constable of the Castle, and then to the Prevosts of the Town. 
The Constable and the Prevosts were alike officers of the Lord; but 
tiie Prevosts were more especially set over and connected with the 
freemen of the Town, and their position gradually, in the course of 
subsequent centuries, developed into that of the two annually-elected 
Bailiffs — the senior Bailiff, since the Municipal Reform of 1S35, having 
become the Mayor. It must therefore be understood these two 
"demonstrations" of the merchandise, to the Constable and Prevosts 
respectively, meant that the goods in question paid toll first to the 
Lord, and then to the Burgesses. In this Charter, then, we have the 
first mention of the Burgesses' right to take toll of goods shipped or 
unshipped within the Borough of Cardiff. 

Eighteen years later, in 135S, we find the Lord of Glamorgan 
again granting to the free burghers of his vill of Cardiff a cartulary 
confirmation of the franchises of 1340. These two Charters are 
peculiarly valuable in that they define the geographical limits of the 
Burgesses' Liberties, which are therein stated to extend from a place 
near Llystalybont to the broad stream in the sea, and from Longcross 
to the cross near the Dominican Convent. As regards the river and 
marine boundary of these liberties on the west and south, there is 
little difficulty in identifying them to-day. The foundations of the 



\:M<C''' ' -' 










The 

Cardif f Docks. 

I 9 05^ ' 



2 72 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

was a source of income to the Lord, and to him alone. In 1316, 
when the Lordship was in the King's wardship, owing to the minority' 
of the Lord, the official Custodian accounted to the Crown " for 75. 2d. 
of the tolls of the sea landing-place " ; and, among the " Issues of the 
Vill," he accounted for "2s. ^d. received of the toll of timber sold in 
the port of Kaerdif," for the preceding year. As a matter of course, it 
was then the Lord who bore the entire expense of maintaining the 
navigation and the quay, near the mouth of the river Taff. 

In 1340 the Lord granted to the free Norman and English 
burghers of Cardiff (probably for a heavy money payment) a Charter 
of public privileges, among which was freedom from the liability to 
pay tolls in general, within the Liberties ; and in particular freedom 
from quayage, i.e., from the toll which had theretofore been payable to 
the Lord for every vessel of a burgess lading or unlading within the 
Burgh of Cardiff. This Charter goes on to grant that no merchandise 
coming to or passing through the Town, whether by land or water, 
shall be sold at or removed from Cardiff, until it has been shewn, first 
to the Constable of the Castle, and then to the Prevosts of the Town. 
The Constable and the Prevosts were alike officers of the Lord ; but 
the Prevosts were more especially set over and connected with the 
freemen of the Town, and their position gradually, in the course of 
subsequent centuries, developed into that of the two annually-elected 
Bailiffs — the senior Bailiff, since the Municipal Reform of 1S35, having 
become the Mayor. It must therefore be understood these two 
"demonstrations" of the merchandise, to the Constable and Prevosts 
respectively, meant that the goods in question paid toll first to the 
Lord, and then to the Burgesses. In this Charter, then, we have the 
first mention of the Burgesses' right to take toll of goods shipped or 
unshipped within the Borough of Cardiff. 

Eighteen years later, in 135S, we find the Lord of Glamorgan 
again granting to the free burghers of his vill of Cardiff a cartulary 
confirmation of the franchises of 1340. These two Charters are 
peculiarly valuable in that they define the geographical limits of the 
Burgesses' Liberties, which are therein stated to extend from a place 
near Llystalybont to the broad stream in the sea, and from Longcross 
to the cross near the Dominican Convent. As regards the river and 
marine boundary of these liberties on the west and south, there is 
little difficulty in identifying them to-day. The foundations of the 



rs > 



'■ 'J 



>v 



/^. 



'/ 






r 


^' / 


■^/ 



> 



4 



A^ 







.V 

/ 



SELECIIONS FROM ARCHIVISTS REPORTS. 273 

Dominican Convent lie close to the east bank of the Taff, a little 
above Cardiil" Bridge, between the river and the Castle ; the " broad 
stream " can only mean the confluence of the rivers Taff and Ely, well 
out in Cardiff^ Bay ; and a line drawn from Longcross to the Severn 
shore runs along the ancient and present eastern confines of the 
Parish of Saint John Baptist, and so includes within the Liberties the 
greater part of the modern Docks constructed by the Marquess of 
Bute or the Cardiff Railway Company. Indeed, from time imme- 
morial it has been assumed, and never disputed, that the outer 
boundary of the adjacent parishes of Saint John Baptist and Saint 
Mary encloses the original area of the Borough Liberties as laid down 
by this Charter. Within this area must be reckoned a considerable 
extent of land and foreshore on th(_> western side of the Taff, included 
in both parishes. 

In 15S1 and 1600 the foregoing Charters were confirmed by 
Queen Elizabeth. In 160S thev were ratified by King James I., and 
by King James II. on :: i February 16S7/S. 

In 1349 the " Tolls of the Town and of the seas " at Cardiff were 
stated to be worth yearly 1005. (Ministers' Accounts.) 

The earliest specific mention of a quay at Cardifi" that has hitherto 
been met with occurs in a Minister's Account of 1550, which states 
that William Bonar was the tenant of a burgage " in le key de Cardiff," 
and that Morgan Mathevv held a burgage at " ie key." It is probable 
that this quay was the one situate at the bottom of Quay Street until 
the diversion of the Taff in 1S45. 

In 1 55 1 Edward VI. granted to Sir William Herbert a large 
territory in the Counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth, including 
Cardiff, Roath, Leckwith and Griffithmore ; but it is not apparent how 
the vague and general wording of this grant can have conferred on 
Sir William Herbert a title to the exercise of manorial lordship rights 
within the Liberties of Cardiff Borough — except, perhaps, the appoint- 
ment of officers elected by the Burgesses, and the exaction of the 
fee-farm rent. The Letters Patent, it is true, contain a long string of 
common-form words, such as " all and singular waters, mills, pastures, 
fisheries, moors, marshes, wastes, tolls, rights, jurisdictions, franchises, 
profits and hereditaments in Roath, Leckwith, Cibwr, Cardiff," Sec, 
but neither the Letters, nor even the Particulars for the same, contain 
any allusion to wreck, nor any express mention of the tolls of the 
quay or harbour. 



274 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The question then, is, did Sir WiUiain Herbert, Lord Bute's 
predecessor in title, receive from the Crown, b_v the Letters Patent 
of 1551, a grant of toll to be paid to him by vessels entering the Port 
of Cardiff? There appears to be no evidence that Herbert did receive 
such a grant of toll ; and there is nothing to show that anj- of his 
successors did so, until the time of the first Marquess of Bute, whom 
an Act of Parliament allowed to receive Dock dues. 

In the 17th century it was found that masters of vessels, on 
coming into a port, frequently landed their cargoes at some secluded 
spot within the haven, and so evaded the harbour dues. To prevent 
this the legislature provided that in each port there should be set 
apart one exclusive landing-place for landing and shipping goods, and 
that it should be penal to take on board or put ashore cargo at any 
other spot. Under this enactment, Exchequer Commissioners visited 
the Port of Cardiff in 16S6, and assigned " All that open place called 
the Common Qua}- of the Town of Cardiff, and of right belonging to 
the said Town," and did "utterly prohibit and debar ail other places 
within the said Port ot Cardiff from being used for the lading and 
unlading of merchandise."' it will be understood that, from the 
circumstances vviiich gave rise to the above provision of the legis- 
lature, the gist of the new regulations was tiiat the proper toll should 
be paid by vessels to the authority to whom such payment was due — 
being in this case tlie Town of Cardiff, as appears by the wording ot 
the above document.^ 

It is almost certain that the annual quit-rent oi £[,. 135. jh'^- paid 
immemorially by the Burgesses of Cardiff to the Lord of the Castle, 
is payable out of the tolls of the Town, and that it was originally 
demanded and allowed as the consideration lor the Burgesses' receipt 
of the tolls. It is easy to trace the identity of this annual payment 
with the hundred shillings which in 1349 was stated to be the yearly 
value of the " Tolls of the Town and of the seas."" In view of this 
payment by the Burgesses to the Lord of Cardiff Castle, there can be 
no doubt that the Corporation are the authority entitled to the tolls of 
Cardiff Borough, by sea as well as by land. 



Vide ante, Vol. II., !>. 376. 
V'u/i' ante, p. 191 et seq. 



SKLECTIONS FROM ARCHIVIST'S REPORTS. 275 

In 1759 the Town Council passed a Resolution whereby, after 
rehearsing that the quay was in sucli bad repair that the quay dues 
had for several years been neglected to be raised, they directed that 
the Common Attorneys should repair the quay out of the Corporation 
funds ; also that proper officers should be appointed to raise " the 
duties anciently due" and to preserve the navigation of the river.' 

A Resolution passed by the Council in 1762, after reciting that 
" the Town of Cardiff hath been time immemorial an antient Port 
Town, having had a proper antient Quay .... in considera- 
tion whereof divers antient fees and dues have from time to time been 
immemorially paid as quayage and received by the Water BaiiifT for 
the time being to the use of the BailifTs, Aldermen and Burgesses," 
and that the Corporation had repaired the quay : Ordered that the 
Bailiffs should appoint a Water Bailiff to collect the " dues and duties 
arising from the said quayage according to the ancient customs of the 
said Town, as also to preserve the said quay and navigation of the 
said river according to the laws and statutes made for the preserva- 
tion of Navigable Rivers."" 

There is no reason to doubt that the preambles to the above two 
Resolutions are correct in reciting that the Burgesses' right to collect 
the quay dues and to appoint an officer for the regulation of the 
navigation in the river is an ancient and immemorial right ; and there 
is evidence that, from that time to the present, those dues have been 
collected and those duties fulfilled by the Corporation. 

The Corporation's claim to port dues was recognised by the 
Glamorganshire Canal Act of 1790, which extended that right over 
the prospected Canal Basin." 

Lord Bute's Act of 1830 empowered him to lay down buoys at 
the mouth of the river Taff, to point out the channel leading to his ship 
canal ; but the Corporation had been accustomed to maintain buoys in 
the Taff estuary since 18 17 at least — as may be seen from entries in 
the Common Attorneys' Accounts. "* 

• Vide ante. Vol. IV., p. 272. 
- Vide antf, Vol. IV., p. 276. 

■' See an instance of their collection by the Water Bailifl' in 1789, ante, Vol. II., 
P- 343- 

^ Vide ante, Vol, 11., p. 344. 



276 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The fact that, down to the Municipal Reform of 1S35, the Water 
Bailiff was appointed by the Constable of the Castle is a strong argu- 
ment in favour of the antiquity of the Water Bailiff's office. It must 
be borne in mind that the Constable of the Castle was anciently the 
chief governor of the Borough and was, in fact, styled the Mayor of 
the Town. There is a record of the names of the Water Bailiffs back 
to 1800. 

It may be seen from a Resolution of the Council of 5 September 
1 8^9,' that the C<:)rporation then claimed to be entitled to dues from 
vessels entering the Ely harbour; but there is nothing to show the 
subsequent history of this claim. 

The Cardiff Corporation Act of 1884 (sec. 86) empowers the 
Corporation to borrow money on their harbour rates and tonnage 
dues 

In replying to a letter of the Town Clerk on 4 May [887 the 
Board of Trade wrote that no grant which they might make of the 
Grangetown foreshore to Lord Windsor could affect any rights 
possessed by the Corporation of levying tolls on vessels entering the 
Port of Cardiff. 

The following ancient dues are annually accounted for, by the 
Collector of Customs for the time being <if the Port of Cardiff, to the 
Town Clerk : — 

Every vessel above 60 tons - - — 5s. 0(/ 

,, ,, below ,, ,, - - -- 2s. 6(/. 

Slates per 1000 - - - - — — 3^/. 

(An additional charge of 20 /^, i.i\, 35. 

per 10,000 slates) - - - — — — 

Ever}' millstone _ - - - — -5. ^d. 

The above dues are payable both at the Canal mouth and in the Bute 
Docks, but are not collected at Penarth nor Barry. The moneys so 
collected are paid into the Borough Fund. The above charge on 
slates and millstones is in addition to the 25. bd. and 5s. dues on 
vessels entering the port. 

It IS highly probable that the "Town Dues," as they are called, 
were anciently levied on many other classes of goods, including timber, 
and that the practice of demanding such other dues has fallen into 

' I'idc aiiU\ V'A. IV., p. jj^. 



SKLECTIONS FROM ARCHIVIST'S REPORTS. 277 

disuse through the want of written tariffs and through the frequent 
changes in the personnel of the Customs officials — outgoing officers 
neglecting to inform their successors of the dues which had been 
customarily levied. 

The Corporation's right to harbour dues is secured by Charter 
as follows : — 

It is granted by the Lord Hugh Le Despenser 1340, con- 
firmed by 
The Lord Edward Le Despenser 135S, confirmed by 
The Lord Thomas Le Despenser 1397, confirmed by 
The Lady Isabel, Countess of Worcester, 1423, confirmed by 
The Lord Richard Neville 1451, confirmed by 
Queen Elizabeth 15S1 and 1600, confirmed by 
King James I. 1608, confirmed by 
King James II. 16S7/S. 

To sum up, the right of the Corporation to levy toll upon vessels 
entering their Port appears to be based upon 

1. Ancient grant from the Lord of Glamorgan of the tolls of the 
Burgh of Cardiff", evidenced by the Charter of 1340, confirmed by 
subsequent Seignioral and Royal Charters, and evidenced also by the 
quit-rent paid annually by the Corporation to the Lord out ot the tolls. 

2. Prescription ; the Corporation having manifestly been accus- 
tomed to receive such toll and to perform the corresponding duties 
from ancient times. 

J. H. M. 
21 January 1 89S. 



Town Lands 

J^^ HE Chairman of the Records Committee has been 

jflf \ asked "whether any freehold lands originally 

^^^^___y! belonged to the Burgesses of Cardiff, and if 

so, to whom they were sold, and what amount 

such sale realised ?" 



278 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Reply. 

^^TT^W^ ANY freehold lands, outside as well as inside the 
^ff I A Town, originally belonged to the Burgesses of 
^^ R MB Cardiff. At this moment the Corporation possess 
^^i_®_^^ such freeholds. At various times within the last 

hundred years or more, lands have been sold and 
exchanged to and with private persons, or have been dealt with in 
the way of urban improvement. I assume, however, that the 
question refers to properties holden by the Burgesses in fee from 
ancient times, under grants from former Lords of Cardiff. 

The most important of the freehold lands of the Burgesses was 
the Heath — the large tract of land extending from the Town north- 
wards to Llanishen. It was divided into two portions, the Great 
Heath and the Little Heath, or in Welsh Mynydd Bach and Waun 
Ddyfal' respectively — the latter lying towards Roath, east of the 
former. 

Tliere is plenty of documentary evidence that the Heath was the 
freehold of the Burgesses, who in the 17th and iSth centuries were in 
receipt of rents from their tenants of various portions of that land. 

In 1803, by Order of the Town Council, a sufficient part of the 
Corporation lands on the Great Heath were to be sold to pa}- ^750 
(money lent and interestj to the Marquis of Bute. In the same 
3'ear it was ordered that the Corporation lands on both Heatiis be sold 
by auction, and the proceeds invested in Government securities. 
Accordingly in that year 14^7. ir. I2p. of "Land on the Great 
Heath'" was contracted to be sold to Colonel James Capper, who in 
turn contracted to exchange the same with Lord Bute. 

In iSio John Wood, esq., junior, purchased "the remainder of 
the Heath Lands" at £12 per acre — but the Race Ground was 
reserved. In the i'ollowing ^'ear Mr. Wood and Mr. Henry Hollier 
each purchased one half of the Race Ground at £6 per acre, subject to 
certain restrictions for preserving the Races. Mr. Hollier's portion 
measured 13417. 2/-. 14/'., and the consideration monej' amounted to 
^1,600, but it was never paid. Mr. Hollier had possession, however, 
on 10 June iSi i. 

' I he Great Heath is called in Welsh the Little Heath. Y Waun Ddyfal 
■■ tliL- Waste mead." 



SKLECTIONS FROM ARCHIVIST'S REPORTS. 279 

This portion was afterwards recovered by an action for ejectment 
at the Great Sessions ; as were also a house and lands called Merry 
Hill, being about 48 acres, formerly agreed to be sold Colonel Capper, 
and about 15 acres more on the same Heath. These were all, in 
1S20, ordered to be s- Id to defraj' the Corporation's debts. 

In 1S22 the Merry Hill property was sold to Lord Bute for 
_j{^i,ooo, who in the following year bought Colonel Capper's part for 
£^\2 per acre. 

In 1835, 49^. or 16/. of land on the Little Heath, held by Lord 
Bute at £<^i a year, was sold to Ciiarles Crofts Williams for /^ 1,845, 
with reservation of minerals. 

In 1S49 Wyndham William Lewis, esq., purchased of the 
Corporation a house, garden and land on the Great Heath, containing 
17^7. or. 30/)., another piece of land comprising i6fl. 3/-. 15/1., let at 
£lo Psi" annum ; and another of i i6c7 3;-. 15/)., held by Lord Bute at 
£^2. 1 15. 'd. The price paid by Mr. Lewis was _;/|"3,ioo. 

In 1S03 the C<-]rporation sold to the Town Clerk, Mr. John Wood, 
" A cottage and two small fields called Cae Pvvdr and Cut-throat," 
with two more parcels of 30 acres and 12 acres on the Little Heath, 
for ;/^i9S. The property is stated in the Town Book to have been 
sold to him in fee, as a favour, for his efforts to procure the Inclosure 
Act. On this land now stands Woodville, Cathays. 

In 1835 all the Corporation's property at Spring Gardens and 
the Spital, Crockherbtown, consisting of sundry houses and gardens, 
was sold for^i,i8S. 2s. 6c?'. to Alderman Edward Priest Richards, 
whti next year resigned his aldermancy and was appointed Town 
Clerk. 

In the same 3'ear the Corporation sold also to Mr, L. P. 
Richards, for ^160, a cottage and coal-yard on the Canal, formerly 
part of the Town Wall. 

In 1S34 two parts of the Town Wall, known as the Cock's 
Tower, which were tenanted by Charles Crofts Williams at ^i. 175. 6f/. 
per annum, were ordered to be sold ; and in the following year the 
premises were leased to him for 999 years at £\. "js. od. per annum, 
which rent was two years in arrear in 1843. in the latter year Miss 
Wood's name occurs as the lessee, at 5s. rent, which was " not to be 
received at present." 



zSo CARDIFF RKCORDS. 

In 1S35 the Corporation sold to E. P. Richards, for ^40, two 
houses and gardens in Barry Lane. 

In 1S34 the Corporation sold to Thomas Revel Guest, for ^25, a 
freehold piece of ground in Little Troy, close to the site of the present 
Free Library. (In 1S75 Sir Ivor B. Guest and others resold it to the 
Corporation.) 

In 1S35 the Corporation sold to E. P. Richards, for /'13. 25. 6d., 
a brewhouse and piece of land between the same and the Boring Mill, 
which he had held at a yearly rent of los. bd. 

In 1834 the Corporation sold to Lord Bute, for ^^^130, six cottages 
and gardens, and a piece of land, at Blackweir, whereof he had been 
tenant at £'] a year ; and also two other cottages there, concerning 
which no particulars are obtainable. 

In 1S35 the Corporation sold to E. P Richards, for ^375, a 
house, stable, cottage, coach-house and garden at Crockherbtown, in 
the occupation of Mrs. Vaughan.' 

30 May TQOi. j. H. M. 



' A record of these sales will in most cases be found on refer 
from Council Minutes in this and the last preceding Volume. 







.;^^^ 

^r^-^^^ 
7/^^" -—^ 



<^^ 



TON-YR-YWEN FARM. 




CHAPTER IV. 



translations from jpiintcb Xatin anb 
dmelsb IRccoubs. 




,N compilino his materials for the 
present work, the Archivist found 
it necessar_y to take into account 
certain important historical docu- 
ments which have been printed 
under the direction of the Master 
of tlie Rolls. In the case of one 
of these, which is in Welsh, and 
of seven in Latin, it seemed worth 
while to publish a translation of 
such portions as bear reference to 
the Cardiff district. I have accordingly translated them, for the 
benefit of those readers of the "Cardiff Records" who may not be 
familiar with the language of the originals. 

The first is the Welsh Bnil y Tyi^ysogion, or "Chronicle of the 
Princes," my extracts from which range from 1043 to 1172. This 
chronicle was written by the learned monk, Caradoc of Llancarvan, 
and, according to the description given by the editors of the 
"Myvyrian Archaiology "' continues the history of the Kings of 
Britain and records " the events which happened amongst those 



cd. Gee. Denbigh, 1S70, p. .5S5, i. 



2S2 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Britons, who were still independent ; but the supreme authority of 
whose g:overnment was divided, and vested in the hands of chiefs, who 
bore the less assuming titles of princes in the different regions of 
Wales." The version in the Archaiolngy differs from that of the Rolls 
Series, so both are drawn from here. 

The agreement, dated 1126, between Robert Consul and Urban, 
Bishop of Llandaff, is one of the most interesting and important 
documents contained in the Liber Laiidavcnsis — that ecclesiastical 
scrap-book which is so indispensable to the ]e)cal historian There 
had been long disputes between the parties, as to the Bishop's 
territorial rights within the Lordship of Glamorgan ; and they were 
settled by this deed. I have translated literally, leaving some of the 
archaic expressions in their antique obscurity ; for a treatise would be 
needed to fully explain such significant terms as " the Bishop's 
Welshmen," "judgments of iron." or the Bishop's "legal dues." To 
compress much into a few words, the " men " of the Bishop and of the 
Earl were those who owed homage, fealty and suit of court to one or 
the other ; and it was mainly upon these incidents of vassalship that 
the dispute turned. "Judgments of iron " (judicia ferri) were trials by 
combat, and the "judiciary pit of water," the place where capital 
sentence on women was carried out by drowning. The Bishop's 
" legal dues" (rectitudo) were the fees payable to him by the litigants 
in the trial by combat. The Earl seems to have founded the chapelry of 
Whitchurch, witli the Bishop's sanction, but on the three principal 
feasts of the year the inliabitants of that village were to resort to 
their parish church of Llandaff. There is a mine of historical lore in 
this very noteworthy charter. 

The extract from JJl'/Iiaiii of Malmcshiiry refers to the dispute 
between the Bishops of Llandafl^ and Saint David's about the boundary 
between their dioceses. The "Book of Llandaff" shows that similar 
contentions long existed between Llandaff and Hereford. This 
confusion was partly owing to racial differences between the Welsh 
and English, but chiefly to the peculiarly tribal, monastic and non- 
territorial character of the old Welsh bishoprics. 

The interesting stor\' related by Giraldus Canibrensis, concerning 
the mysterious prophet who exhorted King Henry IL in Shoemaker 
Street, Cardiff, in the year 1 172, furnishes one of the most picturesque 
episodes in our local history. The incident marks the movement in 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH. 2S3 

favour of Sunday's rest which was then in progress in man^' countries 
of Christendom. 

The Abbey of Tewl<esbury, Gloucestershire, had great posses- 
sions at Cardiff, granted to the Abbot and monies by various Lords of 
Glamorgan. From the entry of 1221, in the Annals of Tcwkcs/uiiy, we 
learn that, previous to that year, they had a Priory at Cardiff; but 
the monks being then recalled to their abbey, the parish church of 
Saint Mary was thenceforth served by a secular priest, as vicar under 
the Abbot. The office of Prior of Cardiff was, however, continued. 

Among the passages from the Papal Registers is one, of the year 
1 291, in which a Dominican bishop-elect of Llandaff objects to take 
upon himself that spiritual charge, on the ground that he knows 
hardly any Welsh. This case may be compared with the one cited 
ante, Vol. IV., pp. 166, 167. 

The Taxah'o Papac Nicliolai, 1291, gives some useful particulars 
concerning the possessions of various ecclesiastical corporations, in 
and around Cardiff. The Cistercian Abbey of Caerleon iiad certain 
lands at Llystalybont paying quit rents to a small amount. It is 
probable that this land lay at Mynaciidy ("the monastery") and was 
the site of some very ancient religious house of which no definite 
record remains. 

Llewelyn Bren and his wife Lleici are the subject of a couple of 
extracts from AlattliciL' Paris. 

Further particulars of Church property are supplied by the ralor 
Ecclcsiastifus of King Henr}- VIII., drawn up in 1535, when the bluff 
monarch had definitely decided tnat tiie Church was the King's and 
the fulness thereof. Note the headings : " My Bishopric of Landav," 
" My Archdeaconry of Landav," " My Prebend of V\'harthacum." 
They are significant of great events. 



284 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

I. 

Brut y Tywysogion. 

Ed. Williams. (Rolls Series.) Welsh. 



I 



MXLIII. 



OSEF, Teilo's Bishop (i.e., of Llandaff), died in Rome. 



MLXXX. 

The building of Caer Dyf was begun. 

MCCX. 

(King John's war against Rhys and Owain.) Then the Seneschal 
of Kaer Dyf, a man who was leader of the host, and Rhys and 
Maelgwn, sons of the Lord RhyS, overcame the hosts by their valour; 
and they went unto Pennwedic. 

MCCXXXIII. 

(Rickert Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, in conjunction with the 
Welsh Princes) conquered these towns and castles, to wit, Kaer Dyf, 
and Aber Gefenni (&c.), and rased them all to the ground except 
Kaer Dyf. 

Another version in the Il/\'vj'riaii .■hrlinio'onv, Gee's new ed., 
p. 700 kc. 

1088. This 3'ear was fought the battle of the Little Heath on the 
confines of Cardiff, where lestyn was put to flight. 

1092. The Castle of Llanddunwj'd (St. Donat's), and Trefufered 
and Kenffig, were begun to be built stronger than they were before ; 
for before that, castles were made with wood. 

1094. Paen Twrbil (Payn de Turberville) led his hosts as far as 
Cardiff, and began to storm the castle. And when Robert Fitz Hamon 
saw that, he asked the cause, and Paen Twrbil shewed it, to wit, that 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH, 285 

the Welsh desired to have back the rights and primitive customs of 
their country', and the laws of Hywel the Good, and to have their 
lands free ; and so great was the host, that Robert saw best to do 
that and satisfy the Welsh ; and then tranquillity was establisiied in 
the land. 

1 105. Hywel ab Gronw was slain b}' the French, by the deceit 
of Gwgan ab Meuryg, his foster-father ; and for fear of the men of 
the country Gwgan ab Meuryg fled to Sir Rhobert ab Anion,' who 
gave him a great reward of gold and silver for his work, and hanged 
him for his treachery. 

1 1 10. About this time died Robert F^itz Hamon. Then the 
King gave Robert's daughter, who was called Mabli, to his son 
Robert whom he had a bastard of Nest, daughter of Rhys ab Tewdwr. 
And this Robert would force the King's law upon the Land of iVIorgan. 
And when the Welsh knew of this, Ifor ab Cedifor, who is called 
Ifor Bach [the Little], put himself at their head ; and they made an 
assault upon Cardiff Castle, and broke into it suddenly, and took 
Rhobert and his wife, and put them in prison until he [Rhobert] gave 
back to the Welshmen their freedom and their rights and their laws 
as they had been since the time of Hywel Dda [the Good] ; and 
obtained of the King that his hand should be bound by his oath, that 
he would not do aught save kindness to the Land of Morgan, and 
desired him that he would not put either oftice or work or cyuiliorfh 
[manorial service or tribute] upon anyone of the Welshmen, without 
giving to every man upon whom those things should be put, his land 
free and his rights duly, as was just to the Race of the Welsh. 

11 1 1. Robert built a wall round the fortified town of Caerdyf, 
and drew a river about the town and about the castle. 

1 146. This year died Uchtryd, Bishop of Llan Daf, a man of 
great learning and piety. He regulated the Sundays and holy-days, 
and the vigils of patron saints, and maintained them devoutly, where 
that was not done of will and custom. 

1 152. Geoffrey ab Arthur" (household priest to William Fitz 
Robert) was made a bishop," but betore he went in his state [sic 

1 Robert fitz-Hainon. 

- Called Geoffrey of Monmouth, from the town of his birth. His chief work 
was the Chronicun sivc Historia Bvitoniim, a picturesque mixture of tradition and 
fiction. 

3 of St, Asaph 



2S6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

litcratijii] he died in his house at Llan Daf, and is buried in the church 
there. He was a man without his second for learning and knowledge 
and all devout exercises. And for his learning and his knowledge a 
Bachelor's degree was conferred on him in the church of Teilo at 
Llan Daf, where he was a master of many scholars and nobles. 

1 1 72. King Henry went to Irelanti ; and he being at Caer Dydd, 
Rhys went thither, without taking man or servant with him; and 
asked the King to grant him what was necessary out of his (Rhys') 
property. And the King was agreeable thereto, and he confirmed 
unto Rhys the whole of his lands ; and then the King went to 
Ireland. 

H. 

Liber Landavensis. 

New ed. Oxford. 1893. p. 27. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN URBAN, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, 
AND ROBERT, EARL OF GLOUCESTER. Latin. 

IN the year from Our Lord's Incarnation 1126, was 
made this agreement between Urban, Bishop of 
Landav, and Robert Consul of Gloecester, concerning 
all the plaints which the said Bishop had against 
the aforesaid Consul and his men in Walls, and con- 
cerning those lands which thej- did not acknowledge that they held of 
the Bishop. The said Consul hath granted unto the Bishop one mill 
which William de Kardi made, and the land unto the same mill 
belonging ; and one fishery in the Ele}', across that river ; and lOO 
acres of land in the marsh between the Taf and the Eley, for 
ploughing or for meadow, and so that the head of those hundred 
acres begin by the demesne land of the said Bishop and extend 
continuously along it ; and common pasture with the Consul's men ; 
and in the Consul's groves (except Kybor) material to the use of the 
church of Landav, and of the said Bishop and his clergy' and all the 
men of the fee of the church ; and grazing and pasture — the Bishop's 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH. 287 

Welshmen with the Consul's' Welshmen, and the Bishop's Normans 
and Englishmen with the Consul's' Normans and Englishmen, outside 
Kybor ; and the chapel of Stuntaf- and the tithe of that vill, and the 
land which the Earl gives to the same chapel, for a priest to be able to 
live by the tithe there(jf ; provided that the parishioners at Christmas 
and Easter and Whitsuntide visit the mother-church at Landav, and 
that from the same vill the bodies of the dead be carried to the same 
mother-church to be buried. And because of these aforesaid things 
which the Consul giveth jnd granteth unto the Bibhop, he the said 
Bishop doth remit and quit-claim unto the Consul all the plaints which 
he had against him and against his men, concerning all those lands 
which they avowed to the tee of the Consul. And if anyone of the 
Consul's men, of his own free will (whether he be in health or sick) 
shall wish to acknowledge that he holds the churcli's land and that he 
wishes to render it to tlie church and the Bishop, and shall have 
acknowledged this in the presence of the Consul or in presence of his 
sheriff or prevost of Kardi, the Consul granteth that he may render 
the same land unto the church and the Bibhop. And the Bishop will 
so admeasure the sluice of his mill below Bishop's Bridge, that there 
shall alwa3's be a way through, unless it be impeded by increase of 
water or the flow of the sea. x\nd the Consul will cause to be 
destroyed the sluice ot his mill on the Eley. And the Earl's men, and 
any others, shall sell and buy food and drink at Landav, and there 
shall eat and drink them, and shall carry notlung thence m time of war. 
And all the men of the Bishop's fee shall have any commerce at 
Landav, for selling and buying in all times of peace Ana judgments 
oi iron shall be carried to Landav, and the judiciar}' pit of water shall 
be made in the Bishop's land neait-r to the castle of Kardi. And il 
anyone of the Bishop's men shall sue a Consul's man or a man of his 
barons, concerning any thing whereof duel ought to be done, in their 
own courts shall pledges be given and judgments be drawn, and the 
duel shall be done in the castle of Kardi. And if any man shall sue a 
Bishop's man in a matter for which duel ought to oe done, pledges 

' Coiisulis. not (I ih'uik) '' Conbiilibus" as in the printed version. 1 go by the 
photographic facsimile of the original page, as reproduced in Mr. Gweuogvryn Evaus' 
splendid book. 

- Whitchuich, near Llaudafl. 



2SS CARDIFF RECORDS 

shall be given and the judgments done in the Bishop's Court, and they 
shall do the duel itself in the castle of Kairdi, and the Bishop shall 
there have the same legal dues of that duel as he would have if it were 
done at Landav. And if the duel is between Bishop's men only, it 
shall be drawn and done in his court of Landav. And the said Bishop 
shall have his own Welshmen written in his writ by the sight and 
witness of the Earl's sheriff, and they shall be sent out, and the said 
Consul's sheriff shall have his counter-script of those Welshmen. And 
the Bishop shall have a counter-script of the Consul's Welshmen 
similarly. And the Consul quit-ciaims unto the Bishop and the men 
of his fee the moneys and all the customs which he claimed against 
them. This agreement was made in the presence of King Henry ; 
these being witness : William, Archbishop of Canterbury, and 
Geoffrey, Archbishop of Rouen, and William, Bishop of Winchester, 
and Roger, Bishop of Salisbur}', and Ralph, Bishop of Durham, and 
John, Bishop of Lyons, and Oinus, Bishop of Evreux, and Geoffrey, 
the Chancellor, and David, King of Scotland, and Roderick, Earl of 
Perth, and Roger, Earl of Warewic, and Brian fitz-Count. and Robert 
D'OiUi, and Milo of Gloecester, and Edward of Salisbury, and Walter 
fitz-Richard, and Payn fitz-John, and Richard De Aquila, and Robert 
de Sele, and Uchtred, Archdeacon of Landav, and Ysaac, the Bishop's 
chaplain, and Ralph, Sheriff of Kardi, and Payn de Turberville, and 
Robert fitz-Roger, and Richard de Saint Ouintin, and Maurice de 
Londres, and Odo Sore,' and Geoffrey de Maisi, at Wodestoke. And 
Robert the Earl hath the counterpart of this charter. Witness, the 
same persons. 

IIL 

William of Malmesbury. 

Df Grs^/s Regum .-lag/onnii. (Rolls Series.) 

*"~~^ ' UNC etiam contentio inter Bernardum episcopum 
^T ^^ Menevensem et Urbanum Landavensem de jure 

^^^ ^ parochiarum, quas idem Urbanus illicite usurpa- 

verat, aeterno fine sopita est: tot enim ad curiam 

Romanam appellationibus, tot itinerum e.xpensis, tot causidicorum 

' soro; not " royo ' as in the printed version; for in the original ;\IS. the r has 
apparently been altered to s b_v a small erasure, 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH. -89 

conflictibus multis annis ventilata, tandem aliquando morte Urbani 
apud Romam soluta, vel potius decisa est ; nam et apostolicus, aequitate 
rei perpensa, religioni et justitiae Menevensis episcopi qua decebat 
sententia satisfecit. 

[Translation.] 

Then also the strife between Bernard, Bishop of Menevia, and 
Urban, Bishop of Landav, concerning the right of parishes, which the 
same Urban had unlawfully usurped,' was set at rest for ever; and 
after so many appeals to the Court of Rome, so many expensive 
journeys, so many contests of lawyers, was, after lasting many 
years, solved, or rather, decided, by Urban's death at Rome. For the 
Pope, having thoroughly weighed the equity of the matter, satisfied 
the religion and justice of the Bishop of Menevia by the sentence 
which was fitting. 

IV. 

Giraldus Cambrensis. 

" Iter Kambricum." (Rolls Series.) Latin. 

IN this same town of Kaerdif, in the second year after 
the admirable passion and palm of our martyr 
Thomas,- because from that time began as well 
revelations as persecutions, on the King returning 
from Ireland along the maritime way through South 
Wales, he spent the night of Holy Saturday at the castle of Kairdif 
And having heard Mass next morning, to wit Sunday,^ when all had 
gone out of the chapel of Saint Piran' except the King, and he then 
remaining at his prayers perhaps longer than usual, when at length he 
went out and had mounted his horse at the chapel door, suddenly 
there stood before his face a man leaning on a post of the 

'From the Anglo-Norman point of view. 
-Saint Thomas of Canterbury. 
'Easter Sunday, 1172. 
^ See Vol. HI., p. 338. 



290 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

gate leading to the chapel from the hall, as though it served 
him for a spade; he was flaxen-haired and with a round tonsure,' 
his face thin, his stature somewhat tall, his age about forty 3'ears, 
clad in a white tunic closed at the neck and reaching to the feet, 
girdled with a belt, and his feet bare ; who addressed the King 
in Teutonic" in words like these: "God houlde dhe, cuning "^ 
[God protect thee, King.] And afterwards he proceeded in the same 
tongue as follows: "Christ and His Blessed Mother, with Samt John 
Baptist and the Apostle Peter, salute 3'ou, commanding 3'ou that 
throughout all the lands subject to 3'our rule you strictly forbid the 
holding of markets on Sundays, and that no work be done on those 
days, except the Divme Office,' which is to be devoutly perforined and 
heard, and the preparing of food for the day's use. Which if you shall 
do, you shall never begin anything which shall not come to good 
termination, and you sliall die happy." The Kmg said in P^rcnch to a 
knight named Philip de Mercros, a native of those parts, who was 
holding the bridle of the King's horse and who himself truly related 
these things to us: "Ask that peasant whether he dreamed this." 
And when the knight had explained this in English, he [the peasant] 
added, in the former [i.e. the French] language: " Whether I dreamed 
this or not," says he (speaking to the King, not to the interpreter), 
"see what day this is; for unless thou do this and anon amend thy 
life, many and great truubles shall come upon thee within a year from 
this time." This having been said, the King, putting spur to his horse, 
proceeded towards the gate about eight paces ; yet cogitating on what 
he had heard, he turned r^und in his saddle and said : " Call that good 
man to me." And though the aforesaid knight and a certain youth 
called William, who alone then remained in the town with the King, 
had called him and, not finding him, liad enquired tirst in the chapel, 
then through the hall and all the inns, lie never appeared. The King, 
seeing the man could not be found though he had awaited him some 
time longer alone in the town while the others sought him, somewhat 

'An Kiiglisli cleric, no doubt. 

-English in this case. 

2 Another version has "cuing." 

^Saint Benedict termed this (Jpus l)ci, "the work ui' God/' 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH. 291 

sad and lamenting that he had not spoken more to him, resumed his 
journey towards Newport by the Ijridge of Remni. 

[The prediction was fulfilled by the revolt of the King's sons, in 
Lent 1 1 73. 

In his Reniiii Brit. Script., " De Principis Instructione," Giraldus 
relates the story in words almost identical with the above.] 



V. 

Annales de Theokesburia 

(Rolls Edition.) Latin. 
1221. 



O 



UR Priory of Kerdif, the monks being called home, is 
demised to farm, but not for a certain term. 



The Lord Abbot demised to farm unto W., the chaplain, the weir 
of Kerdil, for five years from Michaelmas. 

The Marshal retook Kerdif, in the taking whereof Warin Basset 
was slain, in the ides of October, and was buried at Landav. There- 
upon came the Marshal to Kerdif, on the 12th of the kalends of 
November, and the Burgesses incurred a great curtailment of their 
liberties. The Earl Marshal took hostages as well from the barons 
and knights of Glamorgan as from the Burgesses of Kerdif. 

Several ships of Kerdif and Newport in Wales, and of Bristoll in 
England, were equipped in the manner of galle3's, to respectively attack 
each other ; and ships of Bristoll and Avereford were then captured. 

1236. 

We granted unto the Lord Elias, Bishop of Landav, and to the 
Chapter of that place, the church of Lanedern with its appurtenances ; 
retaining the tithes of Lanbordan to the use of the Prior of Kerdif, to 
whose table they are recognised as belonging. 



292 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

.23S. 

[The Abbot was summoned to the Sheriffs Court of Kardif in a 
dispute concerning the presentation to the Hving of Cogan, a chapel of 
Landoch. 

1242. 

The Abbot was involved in litigation in the same Sheriff's Court, 
concerning the vicarage of Pennarh. On another occasion he came to 
Cardiff this year, and made peace between two belligerents, at the 
request of Richard de Clare ; the disputants were Hoel ab Meredydd 
and De Turberville.] 

1243. 

The Archdeacon' of Landav wrongfully ordained a certain vicar 
in the chapel of Saint John of Kardif; on account of which injury 
Richard de Derby, then Prior of the said place, appealed in person 
to our Lord the Pope; and H., our Prior, went to the said place to 
obtain safeguard for the judges. 

124S. 

'l"he Lord Bishop of Landav absolved the Prior of Kardif from a 
sentence by which he was held for the vicarage of Kardif. And the 
vicarage was taxed so that the vicar shall have all the money coming 
to his hands in the chapel of Saint John, rendering thereout unto 
the Prior 20 shillings a year for the drink of a priest at the Prior's 
table. 

125S. . 

We paid unto Master Henry de Stratford 10 marks and one pipe 
of wine to the use of the convent, about Michaelmas, on account of a 
dispute raised between him and Roger de Boyfeld, one of our monks, 
about a certain agreement for corn, made between them at Kardif 
when the said Roger was Prior there. 



'He must have been a suftagran bishop, unless it means that he appointed a vicar 
to Saint John's. 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN 



VI. 



RO. Printed Calendar of Papal Registers among the 
Vatican Archives. 



(Rolls Series.) 



a 



Latcmn. ^^^""^N/ ON FIRM ATI ON to the abbot and 

convent of Theukesbiri of an indult 
granted to them by W. and H., 
bishops of Llandaf, with the consent 
of their chapter, ot the parish church 

of Saint Mary, Kerdif, with its chapels, free Irom all synodals and 

Easter and other dues. 



Latcran. Confirmation to the same abbot and convent of the 
churches granted to them by their patrons, with the consent of the 
diocesan, into which, on their voidance, they entered by indult of 
Pope Honorius ; namely Meresfeld,^ and the parish church of Saint 
Mary, Kerdif, with its appurtenances within and without the burgh. 



Orvieto. Mandate of Pope Nicholas IV. to the archdeacon of 
Llandaf to make enquiry and grant dispensation to Kynuric ap Gruffin 
and Eva Wenne of his diocese, who intermarried in ignorance that 
they were related in the fourth degree of kinship, to remain in the 
marriage so contracted, declaring their past and future offspring 
legitimate. 

Orvieto. Mandate to William de Hothum, a Dominican friar, 
bishop elect of Llandaf, to obey the Pope's provision made to him of 
the see to which he is appointed, notwithstanding his having urged 
that he has been elected prior of the province and is almost ignorant 
of the language of the diocese. 

' Marshfield. 



CARniFF RECORDS. 



VII. 
Taxation of Pope Nicholas IV 

About I3QT. 

Published by Government, 1S02. In folio. Latin. 



Taxation of the Churches in the Bishopric of Landav, 
according to the true value. 



X> 



AMES of the chi 



the Deanery of Newport. 



The Church of Rempney 10/ 

JVdines of the e/iitir/ies in the Deanery of Laiidav . 
The church of Landav with the chapel 20I. 
The church of .Saint Fagan 13/. 65. S(/. 
The church of Cardiff with the chapel 24/. 

Small cliitrehes of the same Deanery 

The churcii of Lanedarii 3/. 135. 4(/. 
The church of Pentrirk 3/. 65. S<-/ 
The church of Pennard with the chapel 4/. 
The church of Kaycr 4/. 

The church of Cogan belonging to the Abbot of Teukesbune 
2/. 13^-. V. 

Bishopric of Landav 

Temporalities 0/ the Landai' Dioeesc. 

The Bishop ot Landav hath m his hands these manors under- 
written, namely, Landaf where are three ploughlands worth, 
clear of necessary deductions, 61. 135. .\d. 

And he hath there of rents of assize of freemen and bondmen 
yearly 9/. 85. 

From six mills there by the year 10/. 

From meadows there yearlj' i/. iSs. 6d. 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WF.LSIL 

From works 35, 4r/. 

From the garden and herbage of the said manor 6s. ^r/. 

F'rom the fishery of the said manor by the year 5.s\ 

From the letting of pasture by the year i/. 

From pleas and perquisites of court by the year 5/. 6.s-. Sd. 



Also he receives from a certain fulling-mill at Landaf i/. 65. Sd. 

And from the services of workers by the year 25 

Also he hath at Kerdif of rents of assize 45. 



Manors of fl;c Canons and Chapter of Laiidav. 

The Archdeacon of Landav fur the time being hath at Landav 
fourteen acres of land, the price of each acre 3f/. .... 

The Chancellor of Landav hath 20 acres of land at ^d. 

The Treasurer of Landav hath 32 acres of land at 6d. 

The Precentor of Landav hath 27 acres of land at t>d 

And the said Chapter hath at Landav 36 acres of land at Or/. 

From the meadow there, three acres at 15. :\d. 

And there is assigned for the support of one cliaplain who 
celebrates (Mass) for the soul of the Bishop in the church of 
Landav. 

And the said Chapter hath 21 acres of land at ^d. 

And there is assigned for the support of one chaplain who cele- 
brates the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Landav. . . 

The Abbot of Kevnesh'm hath at Reth one ploughland worth 
yearly 2/. 135. 4^/. 

Also he hath at Kerdif, Reth & Neuberguk of rents of assize 4/. 

From one water-mill 65. 

From the meadow of 4 acres at 15. S(/. 

From perquisues of court 35. 

From one weir 95. 

P'rum the letting of pasture o.s-. 

From fallen wood yearly Sd. 

From the herbage of the garden \s. 

'Lotal S/. 55. Sd. 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The Abbot of Saint Augustine's of Bristoll hath at Pennard three 

ploughlands at 135. 4^/. 
From the meadow five acres 25. 
From rents of assize i/. los. 
From one dovecote 25 Total 4/. "js. 



The Abbot of Kcrlyon hath at Lestalelond' from 

rents of assize \s. 6d. 



The Abbot of Neht hath at Kaerdif from yearly 

rent nine shillings, and from pleas and perquisites sixty 
shillings, and from pannage three shillings. 



The Prior of Kardif hath from one weir of rent of assize -js. 
And from one curtilage there is. 

Total 10s. 

The Abbot of Margan hath in Kerdief [of 

yearly rent] 55. 4^^. 
Also the same hath at Listelbon' one ploughland of the value of 

I/. 6s. Sd. 



The Abbot of Saint Augustine's of Bristoll hath at Holmes forty 

she-goats at a profit of i/. 
And two cows at a profit of 35. 

Total i/. 3s. 



' Llystalybont. 
^Llystalyboiit. 




TRANSLAI'IONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH, 297 

VIII. 

Chronicle of Matthew Paris. 

(Rolls Series.) Latin. 

1314- 

'LSO this year, on the iSth day of January, at 

Kaerfilli in Senghenith in Wales, Leulin Bren 

took the Lord William de Berkerole, Sheriff of 

Glammorgant, in the full Court of the King of 

England. And, with his accomplices, he there killed full 12 

other Englishmen, who were there on behalf of our Lord the 

King of England. And they imprisoned the said Sheriff and the 

governor. And so began the war between the Englishmen and the 

Welshmen in those parts. 

1318. 

This year Leulin Bren was condemned at Kerdif, as he deserved ; 
and afterwards he was drawn by horses as a traitor, then hanged, his 
entrails burned and scattered, his limbs cut off and sent through the 
whole of Glammorgant, to strike terror into other traitors. 



Leuky Bren, wife of the aforesaid Leulin Bren, being brought 
from London under the guard of many armed men, with her three 
sons, came to Bristoll. She was sent to Kerdif by water, in a small 
vessel, under the same guard, to receive her punishment, as she 
deserved, for the above-mentioned war of Leulin. Of which war she 
herself had been the moving cause. 



On the ninth day of February, to wit, the feast of Saint Teilo, 
bishop, Master Walter de Hereforde was chosen Abbot of Linterne. 

1321. 

The Earl of Hereford, and others, stormed Kerdif and the castle 
by force and arms ; and took those whom they found in the castle. 



298 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

IX. 
Valor Ecclesiasticus 

of King Henry the Eighth, being the Value of Ecclesiastical Property 
throughout England and Wales, assessed in the year 1535. Published 
by the Government, in folio, 1814. Vol II. Latin. 

MONASTERY OF TEWKE.SBURY. 
County of Glamorgan & Morgant in Wales, Diocese of Landav. 
Farm (_)f Rectories and Chapels in Wales. 
Charge 



T 



ARM of" all tithes of sheaves and hay, and other 
profits, with the appurtenances, of the rectories of 
the churches of [amongst others] Cardiff. 



Deductions [amongst others.] 
Yearly pension paid to the capital cathedral church of Landav out 

of the churches of [amongst others] Cardiff, by the year. 
Yearly pension paid to the Archdeacon of Landav out of the 

churches of Penmarke and Cardiff by the year. 
Yearly pension paid to the curate of Roth by ancient custom 

1 06s. 8f/. 
Yearly pension paid to the curate' within our Lord the King's 

Castle of Cardiff by ancient custom 1065. $<d. 

Cardiff & Roth 

Charge. 
Rents of assize as well of free as of customar}' tenants of the lord 

there by the year 7/. 15s. Sr/. 
Perquisites of one Court of the lord's manor held at Kerdyff by 
the year 2o\(i. 



lOr chaplain 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH. 299 

Deductions. 
Rents repaid to the Abbot of Neth for four burgages in Cardiff 

by the year 45. 
Fee of Hugh Jones, the lord's baiUff there, by the year 6s. Sd 
Clear yearly value 6/. 05. 5^'. 

Laiidoi/gh Est. 

Charge. 
Rents of assize as well of free as of customary tenants there by 
the year 1035. 

Deductions. 
Rents repaid to the heirs of Daldon by the year 22d. 
Fee of Hugh Jones, bailiff there, by the year 6,s\ Sr/. 

Clear yearly value 4/. 14s. 6d. 

Laiivsscu & Litcyvaync, Diocese of Lamiav. 
Charge. 
Farm of the mansion and barn and of all the tithes to the same 
belonging, by the year 4/. 

Clear yearly value 4/. 

Portions & Pensions zvith other things in tlie County of Glamorgan. 
Ciiarge [amongst others.] 
Pension to the Vicar of the parish church of Cardiff in the said 

county by the year 53s. 4^/. 
Tithes of the water grist-mill by Cardiff in the said county by the 
year 305. 

//;., I'ol. IV.,f.345etseq.: 

DIOCESE OF LANDAV. 

The true Value of all the Rents and Income of the possessions 
OF MY Bishopric of Landav in ordinary years. 
The Lordship of Landaffe 50/. 2^-. 
Pension of the cathedral church of Landav 10/. 

Deductions in ordinary years. 

Fees and Pension. 
To Master iVIaunxell, Steward of Landaffe, 5/. 



300 CARDIFF RECOKOS 

Tntc Value of my AirhdcncoiDy of Laiidav. 

From Lewis Morgan tor a farm in Landaffe beyond the river 

Tafte 235. 4^/. 
Rents of tenements with Landaffe 65. 

Temporalities. 
Trite Value of the diguity of Treasurer of Landav ivith the Prebend to 
the same annexed. 

Firstly from the glebe of the same being in his hands, as they lie 
in places called David Melans close and the close thereunto 
adjoining, and the close called the Smale close with the close 
thereunto adjoining, Pant Crappull and the close next 
adjoining thereto, and the close called y Weyn gron and the 
other close called Kae y Dyntur, 25 acres worth yearly 25s. 

Also George Mathew holdeth one close called Kae & Goboye 
containing 12 acres of arable land, and two acres in a place 
called Kae Johan vergh levan Bagh, and renders yearly i8s. 

Tenants at zvill. 

Also Miles Mathew holdeth one close of land by the road called 

Mylstret and renders by the year 6s. Srf. 
Also he the said Miles Mathew holdeth one acre of arable land in 

a place called Whitt close, and one parcel of arable land 

under Penhyll, and renders by the year for the same 25. ^d. 
Also the said Miles holdeth 3 quarters of land in a place called 

Hungrys Hyll and renders by the year i2d. 

Tenants by indenture for term of years 

Lewis Thomas John holdeth 5 acres of meadow in the Heyn 9s. 
The wife of John Gwyn of Canton holdeth i tenement of land 

and meadow los. 6d. 
William Gwyn holdeth one house with a garden and half an acre 

of land, and one and a half acre of land at Penhill by copy of 

court roll 25. Sd. 
Jevan Gwyn holdeth 2 acres of land in Berland and renders by 

the year 3s. 
Gwenllian vergh Howel, relict of Howel Canton, holdeth 3 acres 

of land at Canton and renders by the year 4s. 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH. 301 

Also the Treasurer of Landav hath 4 acres of meadow in 
Saltmede. 

Free Tenants. 

George Mathevv renders :[d. 

Miles Mathew holdeth ^a. of land in Tyr y Cutler and renders 

by the year 3^/. 
Also the said Miles Mathew, for Saint Teilo's Acre \d. 

Spiritualitifs, 
Also [the Treasurer] shall receive yearly one fourth part of the 

cursal tithes of sheaves of the parish of Landaff and of the 

chapel of Whittchurche. 
Also he shall receive the oblations on Saint Teilo's day,' or on 

another day appointed therefor, and it is worth in ordinary 

years Ss. 

Cliarges belonging to the said Treasurer. 

Also he is bound, according to the statutes of the church from 
ancient times, to find the paschal candle and other torches 
and wax candles for use in the time of divine service, 
throughout the year, as well on festal as on ferial days, and 
the charges of this kind extend yearly to the sum of V and 
more. 

Also for the fee of Master George Mathew, his Steward, 6s. 'id. 

Also for the fee of Owen David, clerk of the Court, 35. j\d. 

Also for the fee of Jankyn Dyo, the bailiff, 35. 4^/. 

Also for the ropes and clock yearly los. 

True Value of the Cathedral Church of Landav in ordinary 

YEARS, IN rents, ISSUES, PROFITS, OBLATIONS AND EMOLUMENTS 
whatsoever, AS FOLLOWETH : 

Yearly repayment. 

Also to the Prebendary of Warthcom for capons Srt'. 

Also to Master Treasurer for the maintenance of lights in the 

cathedral church, to wit, torches and candles 45^. 
Also for the maund on Maunday Thursday \s \d. 
[To the Prebendaries severally, for petty commons.] 

• February 9th. 



302 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Repay)iic)it in salaries. 

Also to Master John Synger 4/. 
Also to Thomas Synger 61. 13s. j^d. 
Also to Matthew David, chorister 205. 
Also to John Gogh, sacristan 53s. 4^/. 
Also to Richard Seis, clock-keeper 105, 

Also to Thomas Howell for keeping and cleaning the gutters of 
the cathedral church 13s. 411'. 

lvalue of my Prebend of JVliarthacuiii. 

Also petty commons by the hands of the Proctor yearly to be 

paid, and for rents of the mansion there, 13s. /[d. 
Also in two capons by the hands of the Proctor yearly to be 

paid Srf. 
Also in certain acres of arable or pasture land at Landaf, 

commonly called Kae Goylym' — 

The Chantry of David .Ua/heio lu Landaff. 

The value of c lady s'vice" of Landaff 3/. 195. ;(/. 

Deanery of Landaf. 

Viears. The Parish Chnreh^ of Kaerdyff, Saint John Baptist. 
Firstly, tithes payable 13/. 145. },d- 
Tithe thence 275. '^\d. 

Parish Chureli oj the Blessed Mary of Kaerdijf. 
Firstly, tithes payable 4/. 55. \od. 
Tithes thence 85. ^d. 

Parish Church oj Penarthe. 

Firstly, sheaves 3/. bs. Sd. 
Cows and calves 15s. 
Demesne lands 3s. 4^2'. 

1 Cae Gwilyin. 

= Tlie Mass of our Lady, celebrated daily in the above chantry. 

3 It appears, from these entries, that Saint John's had, even before the Reforma- 
tion, obtained priority over Saint Mary's, and was now regarded as the premier parish. 
The dirteit!hce in valuation seems to show a greater population in Saint John's. 



TRANSLATIONS FROM LATIN AND WELSH. 

Hay gs. 

Three oblations 75. 6d. 

Lambs, wool and other things 5s. 



Deduct to the Bishop and Archdeacon 7s. 5^. 
To the Abbot of Saint Augustine's 65. Scl 

Pa risk Cluinli of Lancdcni. 

Firstly, demesne lands Ss. 

Calves, cheese, lambs, wool and other tilings 4/. 6s. S^iT. 
Three oblations 135. A,d. 
Offerings of candles \2d. 



5/, qs. 



Parish Church oj Uainiough ami Lcclii.'ythe. 
Firstly, sheaves 3/. 65. S(/. 
Demesne lands 35. 
Cows and calves 135. 4(/. 
Hay I OS. 

Three oblations 6s. 
Lambs, pigs, fishery and other thmgs ^js. \d. 



Parish Church of Cogau. 

Firstl}', demesne lands 26s. S^/. 
Sheaves 26s. 8(/ 
Altarage 20s. 

Parish Church oJ Pcntyrgghe. 

Firstly, demesne lands 9s. ^d. 

Corn Ss. 

Barley 20d. 

Rye I OS. '6d. 

Oats 585. j)^d. 

Lambs los. ?>d. 

Wool 20s. 

Calves los. 

Cheese 20s. 



5/. 6s ^Lt. 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



Hay 35. ^d. 

Pigs i6d. 

Geese td. 

Oblations los. 

The oblation o\ Saint Cadoc 4s 

Lady Day \6d. 

Otiier tilings Od. 



MARGAM ABBEY 
More Grange 5/. 13s. J^d. 
L^'stellabon 40s. 



8/. IIS. 2d. 





e'ardifl' Castit 




CHAPTER V. 

2)ocumentar\> Hbbenba. 




Y the kindness of Mr. George E. 
Robinson, I am enabled to print 
an additional document from the 
Particulars of Augmentation 
Grants, of the reign of Edward VI. 
It contains some interesting refer- 
ences to the parish churches of 
Saint Mary and Saint John in the 
town of Cardiff, their ministers and services in Catholic times. 

Our next document is a Deed Poll by Thomas Jenkins, assigning 
to Christopher Hengod the Lease of a bakehouse, yard and garden in 
Saint John Street (now Church Street), Cardiff. These were the 
premises afterwards given by Alderman James Gale to the Town of 
Cardiff, for an almshouse. Full particulars will be found aiitr. 
Vol. IV., pp. I02, 159, 141. The witnesses to this deed are note- 
worthy persons who appear elsewhere in our Records, Gabriel Lewis 
being a cadet of the family of Lewis of Llanishen, and Edward 
Jordan the Collector of the Port. 

The third and fourth documents are by way of addenda to our 
Records of the Custom House. The Port Surveyor in 1750 begs the 
Collector and Comptroller to represent to the Revenue Commissioners 
the advisability of purchasing a certain public house at Penarth, near 
the place where the King's boat was moored. It does not seem that 
this request was complied with, as the house retained its licence until 



3o6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

It was pulled down, about the year iSSo. It was known as the 
Penartli Head Inn, and was a picturesque old house on the beach, at 
the corner where the road comes down hill towards the pier. This 
was the house which was reported to be used by smugglers in 1738. 
(Vol. II., p. 3S5.) 

Messrs. jenkin and Rosser, glaziers, who flourished at Cardiff" in 
1763, were nu more believers in free trade than their contemporaries. 
Edward Jones was a member of the same craft as themselves, but had 
secured the responsible post of Comptroller in the Customs. To the 
indignation of Jenkin and Rosser, he nevertheless continued to glaze 
people's windows. This intolerable wrong was the subject of the 
burning appeal addressed to the Board of Customs by the outraged 
victims. 

In the age, which now seems so remote, when steam transit was 
not, and a journey from one county to the next was often an achieve- 
ment to be boasted of, markets and fairs possessed an economic 
importance which is no longer theirs in this progressive era. The 
annual fair was then an event of the greatest importance to the town, 
bringing in strangers from distant places, with strange goods of all 
descriptions. During the duration of this mart, the ordinary life of 
the town was exchanged for days of turmoil and excitement. Disputes 
would arise between buyer and seller, and outlandish knaves would 
pick pockets and pass bad money. All these unwonted difficulties 
called for prompt redress on the part of judicial authority ; and it was 
found in the Court of Piepowder (Cour de Pie-poudre), wherein 
justice might be done while the boots of the parties were j-et white 
with the dust of the highway. The Court was holden before the two 
Bailiffs, and suitors were summoned by the triple cry of Oye: ! 
Ancient as was the Court of Piepowder, its records are rare and of 
late date, probably because they were kept on detached sheets of 
paper instead of in a book. The Piepowder papers belonging to the 
Cardiff' Corporation are merely records of the holding of the Court, 
with the names of the officials and the Burgesses for the year. I 
have selected the record for 1S24. 

The petition, dated in 1S52, of the inhabitants of Baker's Square, 
seemed worth}- of inclusion on account of its vivid presentment of the 
state of things which then existed in an ancient thoroughfare which 
has lately been effaced from the map of Cardiff through the erection of 




DOCU^TENTARY ADDENDA. 30; 

Messrs. Morgan's huge premises and the Morgan Arcade. It is 
addressed to the .Surveyor of the Local Board of Health, whose 
functions were long ago merged in those of the Borough Council. 



I. 

R. Particulars of Augmentation Grants. 

Ed. VI. Breton and Nicholas Extracts. 
CARDIFF. 

URGAGE in High Street, in the hands of John 

David Roberts and others, given with other 

premises, in feoffment, " to the entent to fvnde 

two priests for the Chantry in the Ouiere of O"' 

Lady, commonly called St. Marie's Church." 

John Bassett. 

Burgage in Warton Street, in the hands of William Yeoman, in 
St. John's Parish. 

" Sarteyn acres of Arable lands and pasteur lying at y Splott, y*= 
nombre said to be unknown now in the hands of VV'" Baudrippe at the 
yerely rent of xx=*, late pertayning to the Church of S' Mary. 

^■buoiig the lands and fciicnwiits />ciiaiin'ng io St. John's. 

" In y^ hands of Sondrie pore folks tenants at wyll, on burgage 
lying in Workin Street, valued at nihil." 

One house in the High Street late in the hands of the Canons. 

Pc.'sioncTS in St. Jo/m's Clittrcli. 
Sir Richard Okes, clerk. 

Sir David Morgan, clerk, died 26 April 7, Ed. VI. 
Hugh Lambe, organ player. 

" More we do p''sent that in the seide Church of Seint Johns was 
accustomably used in tyme owte of all memorie vntill the taking away 
of the lands foresaide by force of the Statute made in Ano primo 
Edw^'di Sexti these services following: The Curat att the High Altar 



3oS CARDIFF RECORDS. 

upon the Yicarie of Saint Maries in the seid town discliargs a priest 
daily celebrating att Our Lady Altar. A prist daylie celebrating at 
Sainte Katlierines Alter. A Prist dayly Celebrating att Trinity Alter. 
A prist dayly celebrating att -Saint James' Alter. The Sondays and 
holy days alKvay s'"uice by note and a Masse of o"" Lady vvykely at the 
alter of our Lady foreseide by note, Mondays, Wensdays & Frydays. 
The Chardges off the Ministers attending abowt the seid Sf'vice over 
and above the rents off the foresaide lands there p''taining to the seid 
church was borne yerely by contribucion emonste the p''shn''s of seid 
p'"ishe." 



[i6oS.] 

^^'™ " O all trew Christian people to whome this my 
^M \ present deede of Assignation shall come I Thomas 

^^^^^>4 linckin of Cardyffe in the Countie of Glamorgan 

yeoman doe send greeting in our lord god 
eu'lastinge Knowe yee that I the said Thomas linckin haue and doe 
by theise presents for and in Considerac'on of the some of xxv/i. of 
lawful! money of England to mee paide vppon the last dale of Ma3'e 
being the dale of the date hereof By Christopher hengod of the Towne 
of Cardiffe Aforesaide Cordyner according to the true meaneinge of an 
order taken before the lord president and other the kings Ma'^ 
Councell in the marches of Wales at Ludlowe the viij'*' dale of Aprill 
last past before the date hereof deliu"' vpp to the said Christopher 
hengod one lease and assignm' and all other bands and writings W^ 
I haue touching or Concerninge one Messuage or tenem' conte^'ning 
Abakhowse w'^ A curtelage and a garden lyeing in S' Jones streete 
m the Towne of Cardyff in the Countie of Glamorgan afforesaide and 
mencioned in the said Order And also doe by theise p'nts assigne and 
graunte ouer to the said Christopher his executo''s and administrato''s 
the said lease and premisses and all my right title interest and estate 
therein According to the true meaneing of the said Order Sealed w"" 
my Seale Dated the last dale of Maye in the yeares of the Raigne of 
our Soueraigne lord James by y" grace of god of England Scotland 
ffraunce and Ireland King Defender of the ffaieth kc. (vizM of his 



DOCUMENTARY AUDENDA. 309 

Raigne of England ftVaunce and Ireland the sixt and of Scotland the 
one and ftortithe 160S. 

Sealed and deliu'ed in the j signu 

presents of j Tho: X J'nckin (l.s.) 

Gabriell Lewis. 

Edvv: Jordan. 

Thorns prowtinge 

PhiUipp Willms 

John tanner 

W" niyles 

III. 

1750. 

To y Coll'" & Comp'' ' of the port of Cardiff. 

Gentlemen 

Please to represent the foil' proposal to y^ Hon'ble 

Comm""^ as we know if it takes place must be of great Service to y 

revenue & you will oblige 

y"" Humble Ser'^ 

Will Richards Survey' 

Row^ Vaughan 1 ,, 

== ( Boatmen 

Will Mathew ) 

!«' You both very well know that Row'^ Vaughan & Will™ 
Mathews boatmen live at above a Mile distant from each other there 
being not a h°- between them 

2'^ That Rowland Vaughan lives at about a Mile distant from 
where the K''' Boat is moord w"^'' is calld Ely river adjoining Pennarth 

3d That Will™ Mathews does the same 

4"^ That there is one house within 200 y"^^ of the place where y* 
K^ Boat is moord w^^ house is in the p'sh of Pennarth & have been 
formerly an Aleh° but at May next Will become Vacant W^^ house 
rents for 3^ p'r Ann' 

' Collector and Comptroller. 
^ house 
■'' Kings 



3IO CARDIFF RECORDS. 

5'h If their Honors will be pleased to rent it for the use of the 

revenue it will be of great Service &: also of Service to the Survey 

& his officers for the foil' reasons 

I**' It will prevent a Sinugler from Liveing there 

2'^ It will keep the masts iS: sayls dr\- that belong to the Boat 

3"^ It will be of great Service to the poor officers to keep y™ from 

the Inclemancy of the weather who when it rains or Blows have no 

shelter to go to for an 111 natured Lanlord can deny them admittance 

if he please W^'' have been y^ case before now. 

Will Richards Surve}'"' 

RoW^i Vaughan i j-, 

° '. Boatmen 
Cardiff March 9° Will Mathew I 



'50/I 



IV. 



Cardiffe 30"' august i 763. 



Ma}^ It Please your Honours, 

Wee John Jenkin &: Isaac Rosser of the Town of Cardiffe 
in the County of Glamorgan Glaziers Humble Petitioners to your 
Honours in behalf of our Selves & families Depending on your Hon''^ 
Clemency in hopes of having our wrongs Redress'd which have been 
Infring'd by one Edw^ Jones, by Trade a Glazier but now in the 
office of a Compf in his Majesty's Customs in the Port of Cardiffe, 
from which he reaps a sufficient Compentency for himself & Families, 
yet notwithstanding this he Carrys on his Trade as usual to the great 
Detriment of us unless assisted by your honours who haveing to 
Sustain us but our Trade ; Wee therefore humbly Submitt our Selves 
Relying on your Honours assistance in hopes of having a Stop put to 
his proceedings : wee rest as in duty b(3und 

your Honours Humble Petitioners 
and most Devoted Servants 
John Jenkin ^ 

tS: ^ Glaziers 

17 Sept'' Isaac Rosser ) 

The Collector iS: Compf" to 
Report returning this paper 
By order of the Comm''" 

I: Fremantle. 



DOCUMENTARY ADDENDA. 311 

The following droll certificate was found among the Corporation 
records. 

December the 24 day 1786 
This to Sertyfie that Mary Morris Singel Woman Hath behave onest 
and faith fully the tim that She Have been With me and I diden hear 
no ill in anyway in our hamlet 

David Penry 
Langevelach 
Parish 



Cardiff Town. 



Oyes. Oyes Oyes 



Oyes. Oyes. Oyes 




T a Court of Pie Powder 
held this Twenty 
ninth day of June in 
the Fifth year of the 
Reign of our Sovereign Lord 
George the Fourth by the Grace 
of God of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland and in the Year of 
our Lord One Thousand eight Hundred 
and Twenty four Before William Prichard 
and John Bird Esquires Bailiffs of the 
said Town. 

All manner of Persons that have any 
thing to do or any Complaint to make at 
his Majesty's Court of Pie Powder to be 
held during the Continuance of this fair 
let them draw near and they shall be 
heard. 

All Bailiffs Coroners Justices of the Peace 
Aldermen Capital Burgesses, Serjeants at 
Mace and Constables Answer to Your 
names and Save Your fines 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Cnustablc of the Cattle 
Lord James Stuai t 

Stcivayd 
William Nicholl Esquire 





BailiJJ^ 


Will 


iam Frichard 




and 


John 


Bird 



Esquires 



Aldcv, 

Powell Edwards Clerk Senr. Alderman 
Edward Thomas 
Thomas Morgan Gent 
Henry Williams 
John Wood 



Thomas Morgan 
Thomas Charles 
John Thackwell 
Edward Priest Richards 
John Bradley 



Nathaniel F'rench 
Thomas Morgan 
Samuel Dimond 
William Morgan 
Phillip Woolcott 



Capital Bui'gc 



Nicholl Wood 
Joseph Wheeler 
Thomas Bourne 
John Fiomlray 



Scyjcants at Mace 

John Strange 

and 
T. S. I'odd the Younger 

Common Attorneys 
Edward Bird and Wiliiam Ray. 



John Lougher 
William Reed 
John Lewis 
Thomas Jenkins 
William Lewis 
William Edwards 



East Ward 



John Llewellyn 
William Lloyd 
William White 
Evan Williams 
John Hussej' 
John Griffiths 



High Street Ward 



DOCUMENTARY ADDENDA. 



Burgc 



Morris Morris 

Charles Jones 

William Owen 

Rickett Willett 

John Richards Esquire 

William Westmacutt 

William Jones Yeoman 

Thomas David Smith 

John George. Jacob Thomas 

Thomas Thomas 

Francis Minnitt 

James Walters 

John Morgan 

John Stibbs 

Thomas Stibbs 

William Evans Cordwainer 

Lewis David 

William Vaughan Gent 

John Morgan 

James Williams 

John Hussey 

Thomas John 

Thomas Stephen Todd the Elder 

Frederick Wood 

Thomas Watkins 

Evan David 

John Lucas 

William Bird 

John Davies Bird 

Hugh Whiteiiig 
John Wiustone 

Phillip Lewis 

Edward Windsor Richards 

Evan Leyshon 

Edward David 

John David Smith 

Henry Morgan 

Richard Jenkins 

William Barrett 

Robert Thomas 

William Jenkins Scrivener 

Nathaniel French Jr. 

Nicholas Hook 



James Jaob 

William Price 

William Bradley 

William John Vine 

William Williams Lanmaes 

Edward Edmundes 

Robert Richard Roberts 

Thomas Hopkins 

David Evans 

Henry Sinclair 

Alexander Wilson 

William Hopkin 

John Richards 

Roger Evans 

William Evans 

Thomas Evans 

William Morgan Shoemaker 

John Jenkins 

William Thomas .\las(jn 

Herbert Rees 

William David 

Richard Davies 

Revd. Thomas Davies Junr. 

Daniel Hooper 

Henry Hooper 

Thomas Thomas 

James Jenkins 

William Davis 

John Thomas 

James Thomas 

William Tell Wheeler 

Edward John 

Thomas Jenkin 

Daniel Jones 

Wyndham Lewis Greenmeadov 

Revd. William Price Lewis 

John John Lavernock 

Thomas Thomas Atty. 

Edward Bird Junr. 

Richard John Lavernock 

Evan Evans Lavernock 

Charles Vachell Senr. 

William Jones 



CARDIFF RFXORUS. 



William Prichard 

David Harris 

William Thomas 

Mathew Pride 

John Williams 

William Williams 

John Richards 

John James 

Thomas Morgan Carptr. 

Nicholas Brewer 

Thomas Heme 

Edward Evans 

Thomas Lloyd 

Griffith Lloyd 

Richard Lloyd 

Samuel Jones 

Henry Morgan Farmer 

Giles Wilks 

John Davies 

John Rees 

William Richards Esquire 

Josiah John Guest 

William Lodwick Owen 

William Evans 

Richard Reece 

William Bird Junr. 

James Evans 

William Vachell 

Charles Vachell the Younger 

Edward Thomas 

William Evan 



Wyndsor Rees 

Rowland Bevan 

William Lewis Mercer 

Thomas Evans Carpr. 

Llewellyn David 

John Morgan 

George Davies 

William Wood the Elder 

William Thomas Painter 

Lewis Morris 

Edmund Ward 

Evan Llewellyn 

Samuel Partridge the Elder 

Evan Evans 

Nicholas Hopkins 

Thomas Rees Senr. 

Thomas Prouse 

William Lloyd 

William Lewis 

William Greenwood 

John Michael 

Thomas Christopher 

Henry Lewis Esqre. 

Charles Crofts Williams 

Lewis Evan 

James Bird 

Richard Morgan 

John Langley 

John Mathews Richards 

John Hewett 

Evan Williams 



VI. 



Cardiff June 23'"d 1852 
To M-- Benjamin Phillips 

Surveyor of the Town of Cardiff 
Sir, 

We the undersigned Owners and Occupiers of Houses in Bakers 
Square in the Town of Cardiff beg most respectfully to state the 
disadvantage we are under for want of a Public Lamp. We are 
paying for Light, and have none, and are often annoyed by persons of 



DOCUMENTARY ADDENDA. 315 

the lowest Class meeting about the Square after dark in consequence. 
Their Actions and Language is most disgraceful and which we believe 
would not be the case if a Lamp was placed m the Square, which 
would expose the Parties, and thereby do away with the Nuisance 
complained of. Trusting you will be pleased to lay our grievance 
before Your Honorable Board for their consideration, who will we 
hope be pleased to make an Order, for the remedy solicited. 
We are Sir 

Your obedient Servants 

Richard Tredwen 
John Woods 
|R. Beynon Agent for 
) Mrs. Winstone 
David Rees 
David Lewi:-, 
Lewis Rowland 
Evan Lewis 
Ann Lewis 
George Baker 
William Potter. 




^.M 



HE 0YFFRYN. 




CHAPIER VI. 



IReininiscenccs of ®l^ Jnbabitants. 




RAL testimony of aged natives is a 
most valuable aid in elucidating; 
the history of a place. It may 
not be accurate in detail, but in 
the mass it holds a store of in- 
formation unobtainable from the 
written records. A few years ago 
I was at some trouble to take the 
statements of certain old inhabitants, with reference to 
what they remembered of the Cardiff of their young days. 
Mr. Luke Evans kindly gave me, in his own handwriting, 
minute replies to my queries on various points ; besides which he has 
often in conversation given me interesting anecdotes about Old Cardiff 
and its citizens. The fragmentary Godiva story which has come down 
from Mrs. Evans, is just enough to make the student of folk-lore regret 
the portion which has been lost, perhaps, for ever. The curious 
beliefs and practices connected with holy-wells, mentioned by various 
informants, are quite worthy of preservation ; and Mr. George 
Thomas' tribanan ought not to descend into oblivion, coming as they 
do from the last farmer to employ plough-oxen in this neighbourhood. 
Appended are a few notes of eccentric characters whose nick- 
names are familiar in the ears of old Cardiffians. 



REMINISCENCES OF OLD INHABITANTS. 317 

Mr. WILLIAM LUKE EVANS, who is eighty-four years 
of age, was for many years in the service of the Corporation 
as Inspector of Weights and Measures.' He is noted for his long 
memory and for his intimate knowledge of Old Cardiff. He has 
obligingly supplied me with the following notes of his recollections, in 
response to enquiries made of him from time to time during the past 
ten years. Mr. Evans says : — 

" I was a regular Juryman of Lord Bute's Court Leet. It had 
cognizance of matters affecting Weights and Measures, the Pounds and 
Roath Brook, and made Presentments thereon. It used to be held 
in May and November, but now in October, for the Manors of 
Llystalybont and Roath Dogfield. Mr. John Stuart Corbett is the 
Steward. The Pound and the Brook were presented down to quite 
recent years. The Jury of twelve were sworn in, and the names 
entered. A fine was payable to the Lord on the death of any 
freeholder of the manor being presented. There was an annual 
dinner for the Jury, at which punch was drunk. 

" I remember the last Aletaster of Cardiff. His name was 
Edward Philpot, and his nickname ' Toby Philpot.' I well remember 
hearing him say to someone with whom he was talking in the street : 
' Well, I must go and see what sort of ale they have got at the Glove 
and Shears.' 

" One day coming out of church, we saw a hare bolt out of the 
Blue Bell. We chased it into the Cardiff Arms yard, where it was 
caught. We had it for dinner a few days afterwards. 

"The old gabled house in Saint Mary Street, at the north corner 
of Wharton Street, was called the Armoury. It was the residence of 
Capt. Jonathan Hovvells, Adjutant of the Royal Glamorganshire 
Militia, and a great friend of the late Lord Bute," with whom he was 
constantly seen walking arm-in-arm. Lord Bute came up from 
London to attend his funeral. There were two steps up to the front 
door, and a railing along the front of the house. The lieadquarters of 
the regiment were kept there. I saw Capt. Howell's funeral, which 
was a very imposing one. 

' Vide ante. p. 24S. 
- The second Marquess. 



3i8 CARDIFF RKCOROS. 

"In 1882, when making the alterations in the old gas testing 
room, for depositing the copies of the Imperial Standards, I forced 
open what I thought to be a similar door to the one in the present 
Weights and Measures Office, and found it was an arched compartment, 
containing some hundreds of old Acts of Parliament, and other docu- 
ments. I at once communicated with the Town Clerk, and they were 
dried and overhauled. They were all covered with a very thick 
coating of mildew. They belonged to the old Town Hall.^ 

" I was at the opening of the Saint Mary Street Market in 1S35, 
when the Church Street Arcade (or Old Arcade) was opened to the 
public, and I have never known it closed from the above date to the 
present time.' There were six cottages, three on each side of the 
avenue, from time to time occupied by many persons whom I knew ; 
amongst others: Philip Jones, basket-maker, and his son of the same 
name, now (1882) a pensioner of the Post Office ; William David, 
shoemaker; Samuel Marks, dyer; Julia Marks, tobacconist; Mary 
Rowlands and Jane Ellis, dressmakers. 

"Thirty years ago the General Post Office was situate in Church 
Street, where Boyle & Co's, the bootmakers' now is; and a letter-box 
and entrance to the Sorting Department were inside the Arcade, 
about 20 feet from the front pavement, open to the public day and 
night without let or hindrance from anyone. 

" In addition to the ordinary days for holding the markets, namely 
Wednesdays and Saturdays, there have been extra markets held when- 
ever Christmas fell in the latter part of the week. 

" This property originally belonged to the great-grandsire' of the 
owner'* of Penllyne Castle, near Cowbridge. The family residence 
was the house now occupied by Mr. Dobbin, stationer,* and was 
connected by a long garden with Trinity Street. This house was 
called the Corner House. Its then occupant was always called ' the 
Squire,' and is so now by the few old inhabitants remaining. 

' These were only printed law-books ; they were burned in January 1S96. 
- This statement was made apropos of some question as to a right of way through 
the Old Arcade. 

2 William Richards, esq. 

■■ Capt. John Glynne Richards Homfray, J. P., ist Life Guards. 

•'■ No. I Saint M.ny bti eet. 




Brkcox ()i,i. Baxk, Hi. ,11 Sri<i:Ki 




The Oi,n SoriKi-:'s Hoi'si:, C.km k m Ciiik, ii S 



REMINISCENCES OF OLD INHABITANTS. ,-^19 

" The mansion was in those days noted tor having good port 
wine in wood, and the Squire no doubt had his share of it. His end 
fast approaching, his medical attendant, Dr. Reece (grandfather of our 
present Coroner) intimated to the old gentleman that he was afraid 
he should have to tap him, as dropsy had set in. The Squire replied : 
' Well, Doctor, if you must, you must. But, you know, there never 
was a cask tapped in the Corner House that lasted very long.' In a 
few days all was over with the Squircr. 

" Shortly afterwards the old house was converted into a Bank by 
Messrs. Guest & Co., of London and Dowlais. Mr. Thomas Revel 
Guest,' the first Mayor of Cardifi', was the managing partner. He 
was a noted preacher amongst the Wesleyan Methodists, and occa- 
sionally held forth in the Wesley Chapel, Church Street, situate where 
Mr. John Hibbert's shop is now. 

" Where the Town Hall stands I remember a 300 ton brig, called 
the " William Rugg," built and launched. She was owned by William 
Rugg, ironmonger, of Duke Street. The people on board of her 
were so excited, and rocked her to such an extent, that she turned on 
her side and the live cargo were precipitated into the tidal water. 
From the windows of the Council Chamber only one house could then 
have been seen right away to Leckwith and Cogan Pill, namely, the 
Grange Farm. 

"The tidal harbour of Cardiff was situate where Westgate Street 
now stands. Quay Street was the entrance to the shipping, where 
passengers were taken on board the market-boats bound for Bristol. 
If these had started, the last place for shipment was the Golate, the 
lane between the Queen's Hotel and the South JJ^a/rs Daily News 
offices. Hence its present name." 

" The Bonded Stores of the harbour were situate on the Quay 
Wall in Westgate Street, and still exist, being now occupied by 
Mr. Alderman Fulton.^ Over them was the Cardiff Theatre. i\n 
amusing incident occurred one night when the play of " Pizarro " was 
being performed there. A death scene was enacted, including a 
Requiem Mass with all its attendant solemnity, pomp and music. 

' Paternal ancestor of Lord Wimborne. 

- Sed vide pust, sub nomine, in the Schedule of Place-names. 

3 Since deceased. 



320 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Suddenly the gallerv gave way with a loud crash, causing great 
excitement. The corpse, with equal suddenness, jumped up in its 
sitting,' the face floured and cork-burnt, and exclaimed in a stentorian 
voice : ' I hope to God there is no danger ! ' On being assured that 
the danger was over, the body fell back into the horizontal position, 
awaiting burial, and the play proceeded. 

" Where the Fire Engine House is now, there was a limekiln. 
The stones were brought in vessels from Aberthaw and burnt into 
lime — not for building purposes (as there was little or no building 
going on) but for agricultural use. 

" The Custom House of the Port was in Saint Mary Street, near 
Councillor Jotham's shop. The Collector resided where the Central 
Coffee Favern is [1S90], and the Comptroller near Alderman Dr. 
Jones' residence in Crockherbtown." 

" I remember two persons (whose names I must not repeat) 
being placed in the stocks, which were put up where High Street, 
Church Street, Saint Mary Street and Quay Street converge, and 
near where the old Russian gun^ stood for many years. The stocks 
were in the custody of David Evans, Head Constable ; who was also 
the landlord of the Cardiff Boat inn in Quay Street, adjacent to the 
then tidal port of Cardiff. When not in use, the stocks were kept in 
the Corn Market, under the old Town Hall. Whether they were 
burnt with the other old timber, when that building was pulled down 
in 1861, by the late Mr. Alderman Daniel Jones who purchased the 
materials for /loo. I cannot say; but when looking under the new 
Town Hall, some years since, for the aforesaid instrument of punish- 
ment, we found the old Town Hall clock and bell. The latter was 
erected over the present Police Station as a fire-alarm ; but becoming 
cracked, was replaced by a new one.' The stocks consisted of two 
planks of timber on edge, with semicircular holes in each, an iron 
hinge at one end, and a lock and key the other. 



' .A Welsh Idiom, nie.^uing into a sitting posture. 

- The late Dr. Edgar Jones', ne.xt house west of Dr. Hardimaii's. on the south 
ide of Queen Street. 

3 Afterwanls this was kept in the Town Hall ^-ard ; now in the Victoria Park. 

^ It is now ill the Museum. 



J^i%«: 





REMINISCENCES OF OLD INHABITANTS. 32 1 

" I can remember a man being tied to a cart's tail, for some 
heinous offence, and dragged and flogged through the market held in 
High Street. 

" Under the old Town Hall in High Street was the prison for 
small debtors. Its iron-barred window faced the house occupied by 
Dr. Reece — now the furniture shop, No. 14 High Street, tenanted by 
Messrs. Williams & Co. There was a well in the middle of High 
Street, opposite Lloyd's Bank (the old Brecon Bank). The pump was 
situate under one of the flights of steps which led up to the Assize 
Court in the Town Hall, and was exactly opposite the front door of 
Messrs. Coleman's, chemists. 

" The Dobbin Pits Farm was situate at the extreme end of Park 
Place (Dobbinpits Road), near the Cathays Park. A stile led from the 
farmyard into the Park. This land, being so near the town, was 
convenient for the deposit of soil ; there being, in years gone by, no 
sub-drainage in the Borough. 

" Plwca Lane, or Plwca Alai,' is the thoroughfare now called 
Castle Road, which extends from Longcross to Crwys Bychan. Plwca 
means dirty, wet, uncultivated land. Rushes originally grew hard by 
the lane, and mats were made of them, and sold in the town for 
domestic purposes. Alai means an alley.- Sixty-five years ago (iS^o) 
the habitations in Plwca Lane consisted of Roath Castle and six small 
cottages in two fields now the site of James' Square.' Roath Castle 
belonged to Mr. John Mathews Richards, grandfather of Mrs. Mackin- 
tosh. Her father, Mr. Richards, on returning from Cardiff", was in the 
habit of galloping his horse all the way from Newport Road to Roath 
Castle. The last occasion of his so doing proved fatal, for he came 
into collision with a cart loaded with manure, and died on the spot. 
This was a sad loss to Cardiff and the neighbourhood. I was a 
Juryman on the Inquest. Mr. Richards had been to a ploughing- 
match dinner. He was short-sighted, and wore an eyeglass. He 
walked with short steps and a curious little hop. 

" The Longcross was in my time the name of a house which 
stood on^the site of the Infirmary, and was one of only nine buildings 

' Plwca Halog. Vide /ms/, the Schedule of Place names. 

^ These etymologies must not be taken as scientific. 

' Now Talworth Street and Pearson Street, on the east side of Castle Road. 



32: CARDIFF RECORDS. 

from the Taff Vale Railway to Roath Court, including the Spital Barn 
and a blacksmith's shop. I'he barn was pulled down to make the 
Rhymney Railway. I think the name Longcross refers to the four 
cross-roads.' There was a very fine elm-tree on the corner of the 
Longcross Road, and it is said tiiat suicides were buried under that 
tree. 

" The Black Friars buildings were in existence about the year 
1830, in the Cooper's Fields, and were inhabited b}' the Lucas family. 

" The County Gaol was situate where Messrs. Steddall the 
mantle-makers are in business, opposite the present Town Hall ; and 
the entrance to the yard where the gallows (hence ' Gallhouse ') was 
placed was in a building about 30 yards off Saint Mary Street, which 
had been a large pigeon-house. About 12 feet from the ground was a 
platform with iron ornamental work on tlie two sides and the front. 
Here was erected the wooden gallows on whicii Richard Lewis 
('Dick Penderin ') was hanged for participating in the Merthyr riots 
of I S3 1 ; whom I saw hanging but did not see hanged, being then at 
school at six o'clock in the morning. \^'e were not allowed out until 
the breakfast hour. In the same year Joe Kayes, a Cardiff man, was 
hanged for liis participation in the Bristol riots, and his body was 
brought to Cardiff for burial and deposited in a cottage at the back of 
Messrs. iMorgan & Co.'s premises m the Hayes. I went with the late 
Dr. C. Redwood X'achell to see the body. 

" I remember coracles being used at Cardiff, as long as I can 
remember anything Old Mr. James Lucas, tiie fisherman, was 
drowned about 70 years ago [c. iS::5) m endeavouring to land 
opposite the Black Friars, from his coracle, during an immense flood 
of the Taff, such as often occurred before the river was straightened. 
He was of an uld Cardiff family of fishermen, and many of his 
descendants occup}' good positions now. Forty years or more ago 
[c. 1S54) Mr. J. Lucas could be seen drawing salmon from his coracle, 
at the site of the present Royal Hotel. He lost his life at sea, as a 
pilot of the Port of Cardiff". Salmon were exceedingly abundant here 
at the beginning of the present century, and were far from being 
esteemed a deiicac\-. 

' Not so, bul to tlie ancient Pa^ns Cross, which formerly stood there. 



REMINISCENCES OF OLD INHABITANTS. 323 

" The last thatched house in the town proper (not including 
Spittle Cottages) was opposite the old Theatre in Crockherbtown. It 
was inhabited by a shoemaker, who took the tickets at tlie Theatre. 

"The first theatre that is known about was opened by Williams' 
company in a loft over the extensive stabling belonging to Mr. John 
Bradley, contractor for conveying His Majesty's mails through South 
Wales. This gentleman was grandfather of our respected townsman 
Mr. W. B. Watkins' (late Alderman, and Registrar of Hirtlis &c.), and 
Mr. R. Reece Watkins, and great-grandfatlier of Mr. William Bradley, 
Solicitor. This theatre was in Quay Street. Here liappened the 
amusing incident of the resuscitated corpse, above related. 

" Soon after this the Theatre was removed to Trinit_y Street, with 
an entrance in Working Street. It was situate between the site of the 
present Free Library and the old Royal Hotel, on the property of Mr. 
(afterwards Sir) John Guest. Its stay here was short, and tiie building 
was subsequently used as an Infant .School for the joint Parishes of 
Saint John and Saint Mar}'. 

" Shortly afterwards another theatre was started, known as 
Collins' Theatre, near the site of the present Town Hall. 

" In 1S27 the old Theatre in Crockherbtown was built, by a 
company of gentlemen who did not care much about its being a paying 
concern — or if they did they were disappointed. Each subscriber to 
the undertaking enjoyed the privilege of a silver ticket giving free 
admission to the performances at all times Soon after its first 
opening the pit of this theatre was flooded by water from the 
adjoining field, a nursery garden belonging to Messrs. Miller & Sweet, 
of Bristol. About 1830 the Feeder was cut ior the West Bute Dock, 
b}' Messrs. Dalton & V\'m. Dawson. That excavation passing near 
and below the Theatre, completely drained the pit, and the perform- 
ances were regularly carried on until the building was burned down 
in 1877, under the management of Kate Kenealy. 

" Subsequently a limited company started the Theatre Royal in 
Wood Street, leniperance Town, with great success; and in 1 SSo 
the Grand Theatre in Westgate Street was licensed for the legitimate 
drama." 



d, uncle to Mr. John Miiitland Watkins, So 



324 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

WILLIAM MORGAN HIER EVANS,' Esq., M.B., whose 
maternal grandfather, Mr. Morgan, occupied Ty Gwyn (otherwise 
Pen-y-lan farm), the barn of which now forms the convent chapel, said 
that the well in the present grounds of Well-Field was formerly on 
the lands of Ty Gwjm. He could not remember that it bore any dis- 
tinctive name. He wrote : " My mother tells me that the well at 
Penylan was a bowl of about six inches in diameter, with a lip that 
was supposed to be an impression of Jesus Christ's knee. The water 
emerged from the rock and was walled over. On Easter Monday a 
large number of people wended their way thither to drop bent pins 
into the well, but my mother does not remember that any curative 
value was attached to the well. My father put a stop to the annual 
pilgrimage when he became tenant of Ty Gwyn Farm. 

"There was a spring- situate in Albany Road, opposite the end 
of Claude Road, which had the reputation of curing all kinds of eye 
disease." 

The abovenamed Mrs. Evans used to relate a legend to the effect 
that a lady was compelled to ride on horseback naked around Waun 
Treoda, as far as Waun Ddyfal, where both horse and rider were weary. 
In folk-etymology Waun Treoda means " the horse trots " ; Waun 
Ddyfal, "the horse is wear_y."' 

About the year iS6o, Dr. Evans often visited the house called 
Castle Field, near Llystalybont. In the field adjoining the house, 
after the plough had been through the soil, he and others occasionally 
found fragments of red (apparently Roman) pottery, and corns which 
he distinctly remembered were Roman. His uncle long preserved some 
of these coins. 

The late Mr. GEORGE THOMAS, of Ely Farm, whose ancestors 
had lived there since the reign of Elizabeth, was a rare specimen of a 
Welsh yeoman oi the old type, fie was born in 1S24, died 1828.' 
Mr. Thomas told me that he was the last person who used oxen for 

' Since deceased, cousin to Mr. J. H. Westyr-Evans, Solicitor. 

-' " Yr hen Ffynon Bren " (old Bien Well.) Close by the well was an old thatched 
cottage, and a few elms which were still standing in 1S96. The cottage was demolished 
about 1890. Compare the Cornish place-name and surname Branwell. 

'A curious local example of the Godiva leg'^nd. The horse figures largely in 
Welsh folk-lore, especially in connection with prehistoric stone monuments. 

^Vidc ante, Vol. Ill,, p. 579. 



REMINISCENCES OF OLD INHABITANTS. 325 

ploughing in the neighbourhood of Cardiff, and that he discontinued 
the custom in or about the year 1S50. When driving the ox-teams in 
the plough, the men would sing rhymes, called tribaiiaii, to the beasts. 
These songs were made up of disconnected verses, each containing 
some topical allusion — mostly satirical, on local personages. Some of 
the rhymes were very coarse. They were sung always to a particular 
refrain, of which Mr. Thomas gave me an example, singmg it in the old 
traditional style. 1 am indebted to him for the following notes. 

A great composer of h-ibanau, often impromptu, was James 
Turbervill, who was born 1751 on Ely Common, as recorded in the 
following triban^ made against him b\' Twm Llewel3'n, Llantrisant : — 

Siemsyn Twrbil smala, 

A godvvyd ar y Cimdda, 

Rwyt wedi dysgu laith dy fam, 

A bono gan y gwydda. ■ 
The following are attributed to Turbervill : 

One day, when he was ploughing on Ely Farm, in the field 
adjoining the Cowbridge Road, a group of girls were gossiping at the 
well, which then existed hard by. One of them threw a clod of earth 
at Turbervill, who broke out into this tribaii : — 

Mae merched glan yn Dwllgod, 

Ag yn Llandaf rhai hynod, 

Ag yn y Caerau ami rhai, 

Ond yn Drelai cleciod.'' 
[Notice the dialectal "yn Drelai" for jv/ Nluxlai, and " clecTod " for 
clccciodP\^ 

Y tri lie oera yn Gymru, 

Yw mynydd bach y Rhydre, 

Trwyn y Garth a Chefn On, 

Lie buai bron a sythu.'' 
[This rhyme, altered to suit the various localities, was common in 
other parts of South Wales.] 

' riie Welsh spelling in these verses follows the dialect phonetically. 

- Droll Jamie Turbervill, who wast reared on the Common, thou hast learned 
th}' mother tongue from the geese. 

3 There are fair maidens at Fairwater, and noteable ones at Llandaft, and many at 
Caerau ; but at Ely there are only clackers. 

^ The three coldest places in Wales are the little heath of Rudry, the spur 
(lit. "nose") of the Garth, and Cefn On. where I was nearly frozen. 



326 CARDIFF RKCORDS. 

O Mali fwj'n eleni 

Y forwyn fwva yn Gymru, 

A thwll ei ffwrch i guwch a'r to — 
Pwy fyniff dro gan Mali ?' 
The abo\'e verse was James' re\'enge on some offending countrv girl. 
Yn Llanilltyd Faerdre 
Mae yno'r merched glana 
A welais i erioed'^' 
Yn codi ei choes dros gamfa.^ 
Mae'n bwrw glaw dinatur, 
Mae'ii glyclui dyn yn fudr ; 
Tlifci'i ddini y mheii yn ol 
Oddyma i Groeswen Rad\T/ 
Mi ddala bunt mewn ceinug, 

Y caiff y nieistres w\-bod 
Fud y meistr ar y Graig 
Yn cadw gwiaig c\'mydog." 

There were great rejoicings in 1730. when Elizabeth Lewis, the 
heiress of the Van, was married to Otho, third Karl of Plymouth. Mr. 
Thomas' great-grandfather was there. 

The foundation-stone of Pentyrch ironworks was laid in the year 
1 740. 

Right opposite Pi>ntcanna Cottages" was a stone in the road, 
mai'king the division between two parishes. The Cottages are in 
Saint John's, and the site ot tlie corner shop opposite is in Llandafil 
parish. 

' O Maria suavis. hoc aniui piiella maxiina in Cambria, et cavum furcae ejus 
aequuin tecto — Ouis desiderat se jungere cum Maria ? 

- There is a word or two wanting to complete tliis line. 

3 In Llantwit Vaerdre there are tlie fairest maidens I ever saw lift their leg over 
a stile. 

■' It is raining prodigiously, it wets a man vilely ; I will not turn my head back- 
wards, from here to Croeswen in Radyr. [There is a defect in the structure of the 
two last lines.] 

'' 1 will bet a pound to a penny, that the Mistress will know the Master at the 
Graig keeps a neighbour's wife. 

f^ Since demolished. 




RUIXS a HhkBEI I H I SE C MLE (; 




KiN.,'s Casti 1 , C.w: 



(X.iw Removei 



REMINISCENCES OF (_)LI) INHABITANTS. 327 

Mr. WILLIAM LEWIS, corn merchant, Castle Street, said he 
visited very frequently the King's Castle.' Although it had undergone 
many alterations, it was an old-fashioned house. You went down at 
least one step to enter the house ; and you could easily touch the 
ceiling with your hand. 

The main stream from Llandaff Mill flowed into the Taff at 
Pontcanna ; but there was a branch stream which flowed into the Taff 
lower down, just at the point where now the rails at the far end of the 
Sophia Gardens project across the path and into the river. The lower 
end of this branch stream formed the parish boundary, between Llan- 
daff and Saint John's parishes, I remember seeing people beating the 
bounds there. On those occasions they walked right through the 
the river, up to their waists. 

Extracts front a letter of Mr. W. DA VIES, Bridgend, Tf; March iSgg. 

Wiien I came to Cardiff, in 1854, there were many streets which 
are not to be seen there now, such as Smith Street and the Arcade, or 
Running Camp. 

At the entrance to Queen Street there was a large ancient 
building in the centre of the street, dividing that part of Smith .Street 
on the north side, and wliere the Three Cranes inn was, and the 
Running Camp on the south. 

The Taff Vale Railway station in Queen Street in 1S42, when I 
first passed through Cardiff to Trefforest, was a wooden structure. 
There was a bell fixed on two upright posts, which was rung 
the first time to warn intending passengers to prepare for the 
journey ; rung the second time to come to the station ; rung the third 
time to announce the train was going to start. The T.V, R. was then 
a single line. An open btix truck was the second and third class 
passenger carriage, with an iron chain in the middle to divide the 
second and third class passengers. The second class had seats in 
rows, the third had only seats on the sides of the division. 

There was a very interesting memento of tlie old T.V. R. days, in 
the possession of the late Philip Lucas, a carpenter formerly in the 
company's service. It was a panel with the T.V.R. arms beautifully 
painted, representing the red dragon with the motto " Y ddraig goeh a 

' X'ldi sub nomine in the Schedule of Place-names. 



328 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

ddviy gvchivyti'"' overhead, and " (yiiirii fii a Chyinrti fydd"' under- 
neath. 

These panels were designed for decorating the T.V. R. passenger 
carriages. When the carriages were made, a poor local Welshman 
was engaged b}' a Bristol firm to assist in their decoration, and in 
particular to paint this design. The Bristol workmen would not have 
him to work on the same side of the carriages as themselves, which 
was considered the front ; but put him to paint the back of the 
carriages. The late Mr. Fisher, when he came to e.xamme the work, 
found that the Welshman's work was far superior to the Bristolians ; 
so the Welshman's side had to be the front, and the Englishmen's the 
back. 

Notes of Information orally given to the Archivist by Mrs. MARY 
HARRIS and Mr. JOB RICHARDS, both oj Tai Cochiou, 
Roatli, I J October /S()6. 

I found Mrs, Harris a hale and intelligent woman, aged Si years. 
She was born at Rumney, but had livd at Roath nearly all her life. 
She spoke Welsh much more readily than English, having known no 
English till she was a full-grown woman. Her daughter, aged about 
fifty, also spoke Welsh, but less fluentl_y than English. Mr. Richards 
was then a hearty, clear-headed man of about 70 years. He was born 
in the parish, at Ffynon Bren cottage. He spoke Welsh and English 
with equal fluency. 

Tai Cochion'' was so called from the red pantiles with which it 
was formerly roofed. It was originally the parish poorhouse. (H.)^ 
The long double cottage in Roath Court field, on the Albany 
Road, near the Claude Hotel, has no distinctive name. It and the 
other two old houses are called " Mr. Williams' old houses." The 
long cottage used to have a thatched roof. ("T3' to gwellt oedd o'r 
blaen."j The Roath village school was the smallest and easternmost 
of this group of houses, the one where the big ash-tree is ("lie mae'r 

' "The Red Dragon will give a st.^rt." A mediaeval bardic mutto. 

- "Wales was and Wales will be." 

■' Vide Schedule of Place-names, s(.'6 nomine. 

■* My informant in each case is indicated by the initial letter of his or her 
surname. 



REMINISCENCES OF OLD INHABITANTS. 329 

onen fawr.") It was kept by a Miss Lewis. The very old thatched 
cottage in the field opposite the Claude is called Ty'n-y-coly. ' (H.) 

The following were the bridges in the immediate neighbourhood : 
Pont Tredelerch, or Rumney bridge. 
Pont y Rhath, or Roath bridge, on the Newport road, across the Nant 

Mawr by Pengam lane. 
Pont Lleici,- carrymg the Cefn Coed lane across the Nant iVIawr, at the 

foot of Pen-y-lan. 
"The middle bridge" (y bont genol), across the mill-stream by the 

Roath mill. 
"The bridge by the church " (pont gerllaw'r eglwys), across the Nant 
Mawr close to Roath church. 

The two last mentioned bridges each consisted of one very large 
flat stone, so strong that carts could go over it — ("carag fawr lawn 
dros yr afon.") H.R. 

Pedair Erw Twc was the name of an old thatched house and land 
on the west side of Nant Mawr, south of Cyndda Bach. It would be 
just where the railings of the recreation ground now are, a little 
further north than the newest of the houses. (H.R.) 

Goose Lear, or " Gwsler," is the common between Roath Mill 
and the Deri Farm, where large droves of geese used to feed. (H.R.) 

Just south-east of where is now the Claude Hotel were formerly 
two nameless thatched cottages. (H.R.) 

Llwyn Celyn was an old thatched house, pulled down years ago. 
It stood on the west side of the Nant Mawr, now the lake. There 
were several old thatched cottages, on both sides ot the Nant, which 
have been demolished. (R.) 

There were a couple of old thatched houses at the back of " Ty 
hen Ifans y Rhath"^ (the house of old Evans of Roath), by Roath 
church. The smaller of these was called " the old Clerk's house," and 
the clerk lived there. (H.R) 

Penylan Well was never spoken of otherwise than as " hen Ffynon 
Pen-y-lan."* It was a spring rising up from a small bason scooped 

' Ty'ii-y-cwm or Ty-y-cwn. See the Schedule of Place-names. 
= " Pont Licky " (H.) " Pout Leeky " (R.) 
3 Ty Mawr, alias Llys Du. 
* Old Pen-y-lau Well. 



;^^o CARDIFF RECORDS. 

out of a large stone. After the Easter Monday fair there, the hollow 
would be choke-full of bent pins. The fair was called " Ffair 
Pen-3--lan," and was frequented by crowds of people from the country 
round. (H.R.) 

Ffynon Bren was a well situate in the garden of a thatched cottage, 
b3' the side of Albany Road, opposite the end of Claude Road. In 
this house Job Richards was born, and it belonged to his father.' Job 
often cleaned out the well himself There was no masonry about it, 
but a hedge surrounded it, and approach to the well was over a stile. 
People came to the well from far and near, with bottles and tins, to 
carry home the water. They took it, both externally and internally, 
as a cure for bad eyes. They did not drop pins into the well. His 
father did all he could to prevent people going to the well, as they 
fouled it. It was the finest water he ever knew. You might stir up 
the mud as much as you liked, but in half an hour the well would be 
as clear as crystal. It never dried up, and never froze Job has 
known people come there with pots and pans lor water, when the\' 
couldn't get it anywhere else. The water of " yr hen Ffynon Bren " 
was like ice in the summer, and like milk in the winter. " You could 
drink so much as you'd like at it." (R. ) 

The thatched cottage on the Albany Road, among the trees, near 
the well, was called ' Lleison's House," ai'ter a man who lived there. 
(H.R ) 

Job Richards has heard his father tell how, when the latter was a 
bov, he used to perambulate the bounds of Roath parish, with other 
boys. This was locally termed " Walking the feethe." To impress 
the bounds on their memory, the boys were sometimes pushed into the 
streams. A boy was once pushed into the Rhymney river ; he stuck 
in the mud, and was rescued with difficulty. Job's father was 
pushed into the Long Dyke, near the house of that name which stood 
about where the Splot Schools now are. The boys' attention would 
be called to something, and then someone would push them into 
the water. When the bounds had been ■' beaten," the boys were 
invited to assemble in the evening, and were given a supper, with 
prfrsents of money or other gifts. (R.) 



Apparently it was cupyhold at a small tine. 



RP:M1NISCENCES of old INHAIUTANTS. 331 

Eccentric Characters of Old Cardiff. 

" Peg the Wash," an old washerwoman who used to run after the 
boys with a stick, in the streets. 

" Damni}- Sammy," an old man who lived near Lanrumney. He 
used to swear at the boys when they passed his cottage. 

" Hairy Mick," a lamplighter. 

" Cough Candy," a dwarfish vendor of sweet-stuff, who wore a 
tall hat covered with advertisement papers. 

" Billy-my-stick," a pedagogue who kept a school in North 
Street. 

Stibbs the barber was one of the best-known characters in the 
town, in the earl}' part of the 19th century. Among others oi the 
witty sayings of this Cardiffian Figaro, the following has been handed 
down by oral tradition. The vicar of St. John's, the Rev. Mr. 
Stacey, one day called upon Stibbs and reminded him that his tithes 
were very much in arrear. " But, Sir," said the barber, " I never go 
to your church." " I can't help that," replied Mr. Stacey, " there is the 
church for you, open every Sunday, if you chose to use it." This 
argument having no effect, the parson subsequently sent Stibbs a bill 
for the tithes due, amounting to a considerable sum. A few da\'S later 
the vicar was amazed to receive a lengthy document purporting to be 
an account of moneys owing by him to Stibbs for shaving and hair- 
dressing. Off to the barber's shop went tne reverend gentleman, in 
great indignation. " Look liere, Stibbs," said he, " wliat do you mean 
by sending me this bill ; vou liave never shaved me or dressed my 
hair." " I can't help that, .Sir, indeed," was the reply, " here is my 
shop open every day of the week for you, if you chose to use it." 
.Stories of this kind are never spoilt with an anti-climax ; but we may 
be permitted to conjecture that the barber's bill proved an effective 
set-off against that of the clergyman. Barber Stibbs came of an old 
Cardiff stock. The name of Lionel Stibbs, cooper, occurs frequently 
in the old Town Books. He was admitted a Burgess in 1784. His 
father bore the same Christian name, and their descendants are still 
among the inhabitants of the town. 




CHAPTER VII. 

Scbebule of place-names. 



' — ■r"—"^ " ERE we have a list of about 1200 names of lordships, 

W/^ 1^^ manors, towns, villages, hamlets, homesteads, fields, 

■ ^P hills, valleys, wells, brooks, rivers, suburbs, streets, 

^.—^^ \_^ houses and cottages in the Cardiff District. It will 

be found very ample for the whole district — for the 

municipal borough it is minute. 

Place-names have long been recognised as an important ingredient 
in the materials of local history. In Wales and the Marches they 
possess a peculiar interest, as comprising the topographical nomen- 
clature of at least three distinct races, viz., the pre-Aryan, the Celtic 
and the Teutonic. Names referable to the first of these three are rare, 
but recognisable, and are principally the designations of rivers. Celtic 
names largely predominate, and are almost all British, though Gaelic 
examples are not wanting. Saxon, Danish and Norman place-names 
mark the numerous settlements of Englishmen, from the first Teutonic 
invasion down to the present time. The Roman occupation has left 
no traces in the nomenclature of this district, except in the prefix Cacr. 
The following are examples of the place-names of the several races 
above referred to : — 

Prc-Aryan. Taff. 

Gaelic. Roath. 

British. Llystalybont. 

Roman. Caerau. 

Saxon. Crockherbtown. 

Danish. Womanby. 

Norman. Coquemarel. 





X s 

a 2 

u a 

X 2 





SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 333 

In very many cases, English influence has modified the pronunci- 
ation and spelhng of our place-names, that is to say, in speaking 
EngHsh. Thus in EngUsh speech we say "Cardiff," but in tallying 
Welsh, "Caerdydd." Of a similar kind is the difference between 
English "Roath" and Welsh " Y Rhath." 

In other instances, the English "comelings" give to a place a 
name which is a translation of that used by the Welsh "homelings." 
Thus we have, for the Welsh "Treganna," the English "Canton"; 
for " Efai!-y-dwst," "Dusty Forge"; for " Heol-y-cawl," "Broth 
Lane," "Porridge Lane," " Worten Street " (now " Wharton Street" 
and " Working Street,") and Crockherbtown. 

Sometimes the English name has a meaning different from the 
Welsh ; as when the Welsh " Eglwys Newydd " (New-church) becomes 
"Whitchurch," i.e., the White Church or Blessed Church— which in 
Welsh would have been Eglwys Wen. Still more distinct in meaning 
are the Welsh " Tyll-goed " (holed trees), English " Fairwater " 

Many purely English place-names, bestowed under the regime of 
the Anglo-Norman lords in the Middle Ages, have fallen into disuse 
and been forgotten, Welsh names having supplanted them in numerous 
instances. Examples of this have been pointed out to me be by 
Mr. John Stuart Corbett. His annotated Ordnance Chart of Cardiff 
shews such field-names as Barber's Closes and Great Holmead, in the 
Lordship of Roath, referred to in Ministers' Accounts of the 15th 
century, in places where such names have been unknown for a couple 
of hundred years past. The same map gives many thoroughly Welsh 
names, like Tair Erw Melyn and Ervv'r Clochdy, which might be 
sought for vainly in the medieeval records. 

It is probable, however, that (apart from the laudable practice of 
giving native titles to modern villa residences) there has been no new 
creation of Welsh place-names in the Cardiff district for nearly a 
hundred years past. It must even be said that a gradual but steady 
transformation of Welsh into English place-names has during that 
period been proceeding. As examples of a very general practice, I 
may refer to Derwen Deg, whicli is now always called Fairoak ; Cae 
Syr Dafydd, commonly termed Sir David's Field ; and the numerous 
farms whose Welsh names of Ty Coch, Ty Gwyn and Ty Mavvr, are 
far less seldom heard than their English translations, Red House, 
White House, and Great House. Besides such translations, cases of 



334 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

nominal perversion are frequent — such as the Dairy Farm for the Den 
(oaks)— and our grandchildren will be unusually fortunate if they do 
not find themselves constrained, by the force of custom, to speak of 
Pen-y-lan as " Penny Land." Such perversions seem necessarily 
consequent upon the decline of a Celtic language. 

I have endeavoured to give the true and exact English translation 
of every Welsh place-name ; but where the etymology is doubtful, no 
such attempt has been made — guesses in philology being worse than 
useless. 

So far as possible, the earliest date at which a place-name has 
been found m writing is mentioned ; and, in the case of an obsolete 
name, the latest also. Various dates are given to some names, where 
there is importance in the precise period during which the forms were 
in vogue. 

Unless otherwise stated, it may be understood that the place 
named is within the old town of Cardiff. 

Until recent times, the names of our streets were very uncertain. 
For instance, Wharton Street has, at various overlapping epochs, been 
called Warton Street, Worten Street, Wortin .Street, Working .Street, 
Heol-y-cawl, Broth Lane, Porridge Lane ;' and the name Worten 
Street was applied not only to the present Wharton Street, but also 
to its continuation across the Hayes, and to Working Street, as far as 
Mr. Rees' c<irn stores, whence nortlnvard it was termed Waste Lane. 
Waste Lane extended along tlie eastern side of what is now .St. John's 
Square, the square's western side being formed by a block of buildings 
called Middle Row; and Middle Row was at one time continued 
round the corner eastwards towards Crockiierbtown, as far as the 
Last Gate. The present Oueen Street represents the ancient King 
Street to the East Gate, the western portion of which street was also 
called Running Camp ; but the mjrthern side uf King Street was the 
" Middle Row to Cruckherbtovvn," and the lane on the north side of 
that row was called Smith Street or East Street. In the 17th century 
Duke Street was sometimes termed Shoemaker Street ; but ancientl}^ 
Shoemaker Street was made up of Shoemaker Lane plus the western 

' It seems probable that even in " Crockiierbtown " we have another Ibrin of the 
name of what was originally a long, serpentine street, occnpied by vendors of kitchen 
vegetables, and extending from Saint Mary Street north-eastward to the Spital. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES, 335 

side of the present St. John's Square, its eastern side being portion of 
the Middle Row. In the last century that part of St. John's Square 
was called St. John's Street, and the same name was given to what is 
now Church Street, and also to what is now Trinity Street. 
Among the Cardiff street-names confusion reigned supreme. Add to 
this the radical changes brought about by the demolition of the 
" Middle Rows " and similar old blocks of buildings, and it will be 
seen that to fill up this schedule from meagre entries m many 
different Town Books has been far from an easy task. 

The greatest difficulty of all, however, lay in the fact that the 
original writers of the Rent Rolls were in many cases themselves 
uncertain as to the whereabouts and identity of the properties, so that 
the same piece of land or messuage would be scheduled in two or 
three different places in the same list. In the case of a few properties 
named in the oldest lists, it is impossible at the present day to say 
where tney were situate, so sparing of details are the original lists. 

The Editor would avail himself of this opportunity to urge upon 
the Corporation and the Burgesses, in the interests of antiquity, a 
restoration of the instructive old street-names which have been 
allowed to disappear from the town of Cardiff within the last half- 
century. It would surely be a good thing to restor(.^ for instance, the 
name " Crockherbtown," while retaining " Queen Street " for that 
portion of the thoroughfare leading from the canal westward to fluke 
Street — which last portion had been called "King .Street" trom 
ancient times. Two or three ineffectual attempts were made, by 
innovators on the Town Council, to obtain the abolition of " Crock- 
herbtown " and the extension of the name " Queen Street " to the 
whole thoroughfare. When at last tiie Vandals succeeded, it was only 
by a very narrow majority of votes. To many |)eople it seems a 
great pity the cliange was made. Every fourth-rate market town has 
its "Queen Street"; but " Crockiierbtown " is ancient, distinctive 
and historically interesting It is, inore(.)ver, still a household word 
in the mouths of genuine Cardiffians, who would rejoice to see it 
re-instated. 

Another ubvious improvement would be the alteration of the 
name " Custom House Street " back to something like the old 
designation of that thoroughfare. The Custom House has gone from 
there, so that the present name is incongruous and misleading. The 



336 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



old name was " Whitmore Lane," because it led to the White Moor. 
During the period when the Docks were being- constructed, Whitmore 
Lane became a somewhat disreputable quarter, and thus acquired an 
objectionable sound in the ears of our older generation of townsfolk. 
That ma}' be a reason against the restoration of " Whitmore Lane "; 
but the thoroughfare might now appropriately receive the name 
" Whitmoor Street." 

Similarly, as the old outl\'ing farms, with quaint Welsh titles, are 
swallowed up by the irresistible tide of suburban bricks and mortar, 
care should be taken to perpetuate their names in the nomenclature of 
the new roads which occupy their sites. This has been done by our 
landowners to some e.xtent, but by no means so generally as might be 
expected in the national Welsh metropolis. 




CELYN BRIDGE. 




The (".k\\..i I'XKM Hc.rsE. C 



iTKKET. 271 11 Si- 




Om. Farm. "C 



\THA\S (.iRA 



Ll.AX TRISSAN T StKEI.T. ISQO. 




ROATH Mll.L. iSgo. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 337 

ABBOT'S LAND, The; otherwise the Back. A tenement in the 
manor of Roath-Keynsliam ; situate on Roath Moor and 
belonging to Pengam (i/Oa, 1703.) 

ADAM'S-CROFT. Fifteen acres of land at Adamsdown, mentioned 
in a Minister's Account of 1492 as having been then lately 
occupied by the Gatekeeper of Cardiff Castle. In 1542 it was 
stated to contain eight acres. 

ADAMSDOWN. A large piece of land and a messuage in the parish 
of Roath, just outside the eastern boundary of the town 
of Cardiff, between Longcross Common and Portmanmoor. 
It perhaps takes its name from Adam Kyngot, who 
figures in the municipal charter of 1331 and who seems to 
have been the Porter of Cardiff Castle. Adamsdown is first 
mentioned in an Inquisition of 1440. It is referred to in the 
Minister's Accounts of 1492 and 1542, at which latter date it 
was stated to contain eleven acres. In the first half of the 
19th century Adamsdown was successively a farm-house, the 
residence of Mr. Whitlock Nicholl, and Mrs. Vaughan's school 
for girls. It was a slated house with 3'ard and extensive barns 
and outbuildings, situate at the west side of the G. VV. R. line, 
near the wooden foot-bridge, where now is Adamsdown Square, 
and was pulled down circa 1S75. New Adamsdown Farm is 
No. 48 Sanquahar Road, East Moors (1S95.) 

ALLEN'S BANK. A farm situate on the west side of the road 
leading from Cardiff to Llanishen, opposite the Catholic portion 
of the Cemetery. 

ALLT-GRABAN (the woody hill of the corn marigold.) A house in 
the hamlet of " Trane " and parish of Llantrisant (1799.) 

ALLT-Y-DYDWYLL. Lands in the parish of Llanedern, on the 
right bank of the river Rhymny (1562.) 

" ALYCE HILL." A customary tenement, containing twenty acres, 
in the manor of Roath-Dogfield (1550.) 

ANNES PEWTERER'S LANDS. Seven acres in the parish of 
Llandafi' belonging to the Chapter, 1721. "The lands of 
Agnes Pewterer" were found to be concealed lands in 16 12 
and demised to Oliver Robotham. 



338 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

" ANNEYSWARTH." A warth or pasture by the Severn shore in 

the lordship of Cogan, scheduled in an Inquisition of 1295. 
ANNOTSHAM. A piece of low-lying pasture in the manor of 

Roath, referred to in a Minister's Account of 13 16. 
"ANNY BUTCHORS HYNGE," A fishing-place on the West 

Moors (1616.) 
ANTHAM. A parcel of pasture land near the town of Cardiff, 

referred to in a Minister's Account of 1492. Probably same 

as Annotsham. 
"APPULDORE," Appledore. A place near Llys-tal-y-bont, named 

in the boundaries of Cardiff Borough as defined by the 

municipal charter of 1340. 
ARCADE, The Old. The first in date of Cardiff's numerous arcades. 

It forms a passage beneath a part of the Old Arcade Inn, 

leading from Church Street to the Market. 
ARGOED-Y-WLAD, " Argode 'Wlad " (the grove in the glade.) A 

member of the lordship of Llantrisant (1307.) 
ARLES. A piece of land within the Borough, for which P. John and 

Richard Griffiths were rated in 1S14. There was land bearing 

the same name in the parish of Llandaff, 1710. 
ARMOURY, The, or the Armory. An old house which stands on the 

east side of Saint Mary Street, opposite the Queen's Hotel. So 

called because the arms and accoutrements of the local battalion 

of the Glamorganshire Militia were kept there. It was also 

the residence of one of the field-officers of that force. 
ATLAS FARM. An old thatched house and garden situate near and 

called after the Atlas Works, on the north side of the G.W. R. 

main line, near Canton Common. An earlier name for this 

house was Ty RJiys y Gzvcyihi (Rees the Weaver's house.) It 

was demolished 1899. 
BACK LANE ran east and west between Angel Street and the Castle 

(1S09.) 
BACK STREET. A thoroughfare shewn on Speed's map of 1610 as 

leading from the Castle Gate in a south-easterly direction to 

West Street, following the line of the present Castle Street. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 339 

BACKS, The. A place where were certain pasture lands, in the lord- 
ship of Roath, referred to in a Minister's Account of 1492. In 
the Survey of Roath-Keynsham manor, 1702, it is called the 
Back, otherwise Abbot's Land. 

BAKER'S ROW. A narrow street leading southward from Wharton 
Street to Barry Lane. 

BALCROFT. A piece of pasture in the lordship of Leckwith (1492.) 
In the Minister's Account of 1456 it is spelt Bolecrofte, 

BALDAM-BACH. A free tenement in the parish of Saint P^agan 
[c. 1670.) 

BANK, The. A place near the town of Cardiff, referred to in the 
Glamorganshire Canal Act 17S4. 

BARBER'S CROFT. Eight acres and a half and one rood of land in 
the lordship of Roath, granted to the Gatekeeper of Cardiff 
Castle shortly before 1492. In the Minister's Account of that 
year it is called both Barber's Croft and Barber's Close. It 
was known by the latter name in 1S18. Mr. John Stuart 
Corbett's map shews "Barber's Closes" as situate on the 
south-east side of Whitmore Lane, just south of Saint Mary's 
Schools and north of Herbert Street. 

BARNWELL. Arable land in the lordship of Liandough, referred 
to in a Minister's Account of 1392. 

BARROSA COTTAGE. A small house taken into the Cemetery 
after the formation of the latter. It stood a little east of the 
road from Cardiff to Llanishen, and south-west of the Cemetery 
as first laid out. The name is probably a memorial of the 
Peninsular War. 

BARRY LANE. A narrow thoroughfare leading eastward from 
Golden Lion Yard to the Hayes (1894.) In former times the 
name seems to have applied also to Baker's Row and the 
narrow passage which now leads across the Morgan Arcade to 
the disused burial-ground at the back of the Welsh Baptist 
chapel. It is delineated, but not named, in Speed's map of 
1610. A document of 17S6 calls it Barrah Lane. Possibly it 
is the Welsh Heol-y-bara, " Bread Street." 



340 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

BARRY'S-CROFT. A field containing four acres of customary land 
"of the greater tenure," ni the lordsiiip of Roath (1542.) 

BARWE, Barway. Lands in tiie parish of Llanishen and manor of 
Roath-Keynsham, holden at a chief rent (1702.) 

BAWI3ALINE ACRE. A field of five acres lying withm the manor 
of .Spital and lordship of Roath (1666.) 

BEDCROFT. A piece of pasture, in tlir farm of the grange in the 
lordship of Leckwith (1492.J 

BEDD-Y-CI-DU, " Bethekyddeye " (the grave of the black dog.) A 
parcel of land in the lordship of Roath-Dogfield [t/.v.), with 
which last name this was erroneously supposed to have some 
connection. It is a field situate a little to the north of Llanishen 
church. There is doubtless some interesting lore about the 
history of this name, if only its origin could be ascertained. 
See also " Dogowyldescroft." 

BEGANSLEY (Payn's mead.) A fee tenement in the lordship of 
Gwent-lhvg, on the left bank of the river Rhymny. In 13 14, 
and for some time after, it was the mansion of the Kemeys 
famil}-, afterwards of Cefn-Mabli. 

BEGANSTON, Beganstone, Beggan (the homestead of Paganus or 
Payn.) A manor and farm-house late belonging to Jesus 
College, Oxford. In the reign of Elizabeth it was described as 
a bailiwick containing two ploughlands. It is situate in the 
parish of Llandaft", on the borders of Leckwith and Caerau. In 
an Exchequer Deposition of 1699 it is described as lying in the 
hamlet of Canton. 

BEHIND-THE-WALLS. A place in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 
The same seems to be referred to in the Account of 1542 as 
"a tenement containing 11 acres of land, lying ' byneth the 
waie,' " 

BEILl, Y (the Bailey, the steward's house.) In the parish and lordship 
ot Rumney (1712.) An old thatched house near Rumney 
church is called the Beili-bach, i.e., the little Bailey. 

BERLLAN, Y (the orchard), " Berland." A tenement belonging to 
tlie Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff (1535.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 341 

BERTH-LLWYD, Y (the grey hedge.) A farm in the parish of Lisvane. 

BERTON. Thrt-e roods of pasture in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 

BISBASGL. A place north of Lanrunmey, in the pansli of Samt 
Mellon {1840.) 

BISKEDAR'S HOUSE ^? Biscuiter's house.) A messuage of this 
name belonged to the Corporation in 1729. It was situate 
in the East Ward. 

BLACK BENCH, The. A submerged bank off Penarth Head. 
'Erees were ordered to be removed thence in 1S61. 

BLACKERIARS. The convent of Dominicans, or preaching friars. 
It was situate close to the left bank of the Taff, between that 
river and Cardiff Castle. At the Suppression it was granted 
to the Herbert family, who let out the house in separate 
tenements, to fishermen and others. It was demolished early 
in the 19th century, but its foundations are accurately marked 
out in the Castle Grounds. 

BLACKHALL. 'Ehe Heath Enclosure Award of 1 S09 mentions the 
sue of a house so called, which was bounded south by the 
Newport Road and east by Cwrt-bach, near Roath village. It 
seems to be identical with Llys-du, of which the name 
Blackball is the translation. 

BLACK POOL, The (in Welsh P:vll-dn ) A tishing-place in the 
lordship of Roath (134S. 1 

BLACKS TAKES. A point in the estuary of the river Taff. There 
is a place called Biackstakes at Chatham Docks. 

BLACKWEIR. A hamlet on the left bank of the river Taff and on 
the North Road, a mile north of Cardiff So called from an 
ancient salmon-weir. Here also are Blackweir House and 
Blackweir Farm (1670, 1750.) 

BLAEN-BUALLE, " Blaen Bwcllhe." A tenement in the parish of 
Pentyrch and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 

BLANCH GATE. " A slip or quay " on the river Taff in the town 
of Cardiff (1666. ) A place near the old Quay (1748, 1770.) It 
was also called the Blunch Gate, Blunts Gate, or Blounts Gate 
(1823 — 1837.) The earliest occurrence of the name in a known 
record is "Blounts Yate," m a Minister's Account of 1542. 



342 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The " Quay called the Blunch or Blunt Gate " was ordered to 
be "taken out," i.e., demolished, in 1785, but the place-name 
occurs in 1S43. The Glamorgan County Offices stand on the 
site. 

BLANKMINSFER, Blanchminster (the white monastery). A Norman 
name for Whitchurcii, in Latin Album MonasicriiiDi ; applied 
particularly to the fortified tower of Whitchurch (13 14 ) 

BLIND LANE, The. Another name for Dobbinpits Lane, now 
Park Place (17S2, 1S21.) 

BLUE HOUSE (in Welsh Ty Glas.) An old mansion of the Lewis 
famil}', in the parish of Llanishen. 

BOOT CROFT. A field of twelve acres in the parish of Leckwith 
(1717-) 

BORING MILL, The Old. The Old Copper Mills, on the Old Quay 
(1777, 17S8, 1794, 1847.) 

BOTTLEWOOD, " Botelwode," " Byttlewood." A wood in the lord- 
ship of Cogan (1492, f. 1540) 

" BRADESTREM " (Broad Stream,) the southern and seaward 
boundar}' of the Liberties of Cardiff, as defined by the 
municipal charter of 1340. It seems to mean the mouth of 
the river Taff, in the Bristol Channel. 

BRADLEY'S BUILDINGS. Homanby (1S21.) 

BRENDON, Brundon Lands. Certain lands within the lordship of 
Roath, referred to in a Minister's Account of 1492. In 1542 
it is called Brandon. Mr. J. S. Corbett's annotated map 
of Cardiff shews Brundon Lands as lying on Roath Moor, 
south-east of the G. W.R., north of the Splot, with a lane 
called Brundon Way bordering them on the south. 

BRIDGE HOUSE, The. A messuage at the east end of Cardiff 
Bridge, on the north side of West Street ; consisting of two 
separate tenements, a burgage and half a burgage respectively 
(1542.) 

BRIDGE STREET. A thoroughfare just outside the east wall of the 
town, leading from the Hayes bridge eastward to the Crock- 
herbtown feeder. It was made out of the Tumbling Close in 

l82_v 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 343 

BRINDER LANE, The. South of Longcross House (1835.) It is 

called Brinden Lane in the Heath Enclosure Award 1S09. 
BROAD STREET. A short street which ran north and south and 

united the western ends of Castle Street and Angel Street 

(171 5.) It was demolished in 1877. 
BROADWAY. The wide street which leads from Clifton Street, 

Roath, eastward to join the Newport Road near the railway- 
bridge. Until 1875 it was known as Green Lane. 
" BRODESLYME," Broadslime. One of the boundaries of Cogan 

Moor (r. 1290.) 
BRO-MISCYN, " Bromiskin " (the lowland of Miscyn.) A part of 

the parish of Llantrisant (1776.) 
BRONAU, Y ; "The Bronny " (the breasts.) Fourteen acres of land 

in the parish of Llandaff (1722.) 
BROTH LANE. An old name for Wharton Street, Worten Street, 

Porridge Lane, or Heol-y-cawl. 
BROVEY, The. A field of arable land on the highway from 

Fairvvater to Saint Fagan's, belonging to the Treasurer's 

Manor of Llandaff (1649.) 
BRU-NANT. A stream which flows southwards from the Cefn range 

and forms the boundary between the parishes of Llanishen and 

Whitchurch. 
BRYN-CARADOG, " Brun Cradock " (Caradoc's hill.) In the 

parish of Llantrisant (173S.) 
BRYNHILL-FAWR. A farm in the parish of Lisvane. 
BRYN-HYFRYD (pleasant hill.) A house in the village of 

Leckwith, south of the church. 
BRYN WELL. A farm in the parish of Leckwith, near the borders 

of Caerau. 
BRYN-Y-GYNEN (the hill of contention.) The ancient mansion of 

the family of Mathew of Llandaff, now called Llandaff Court. 

It bore the older name in 1578. 
BULLCROFT. A large field in the parish of Leckwith, between 

White Farm and the borders of Michaelston-le-pit (1768.) 



344 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

BULLCROFT BROOK. Divides ihe parishes of Caerau, Leckwith 
and Michaelston-le-pit. 

BULL-RING, The. The open space where the sport of bull-baiting 
was carried on, under Curporation control. It seems to have 
been tiie cross-waj's at the junction of Queen, North and Duke 
Streets with Saint John's Square (1707, 1774 ) 

BULWARKS, The. The name iormerly given to a portion of the 
west side of Saint Mary Street, from the south side of the 
Theatre Royal to the Queen's Hotel on the north (1S23, 1S64.) 
The place was so called from the stone embankment there, 
Constructed for the purpose of resisting the eastward encroach- 
ment of the river Tail. The Bulwarks were open, save for a 
two-rail fence, to the bed of the river, which here had a depth 
of 10 to 15 feet. 

BUTE .STREET. A mile-long thoroughfare leading from the Hayes 
southwards to the Pier Head at the Docks, through the mari- 
time portion of the town. It was constructed c. 1S40, across 
the Moors, For some ^-ears the northern-most section of this 
street was known as Lewis Street, and the part at the south 
end as Bute Road — these two ends having been made some 
years earlier and later, respectively, than the intermediate 
portion — but the distinction is no longer maintained. 

BVVLCH-Y-G\VYNT (the gap or pass of the wind.) A farm in the 
parish of Pentyrch. 

CABARN-PLW'CA. A place on the border between Llystalybont 
manor and the Mynachdy lands (1653.) 

CADAIR-WEN (the white chair.) A farm in the parish of Pentyrch. 

CAEAU-ERWON ithe acre closes.) Two tenements in Roath 
(1600.) 

CAEAU-GWYNION (the white closes.) A freehold tenement in the 
parish of Llanishen and manor of Llystalybont (1653.) 

CAE-BUI3R (the putrid close) One of tlie four Gallows Fields 
takmg their names from the public executions there anciently 
perlormed (1721, 1S03.) 

CAE-BUTTON (Button's close.) In Llandaff parish (1647.) 



SLHEnULK OF PLACE-NAMES, 345 

CAE-CARADOG. Cae Cradoc (Cradock's close.) Two acres in the 

parish of Cogan (1708.) 
CAE CASTELL (tlie castle close.) The enclosure within an ancient 

camp on the east side of the river Rhymny, in the parish of 

Rumney, north of Rumney bridge. 
CAE-CEFN, " Kae Keven " (the close of tiie ndge.) A tenement 

in the parish of Pentyrch (1761.) 
CAE-CENOL, 'Tvac KcnoU" (the middle close.) At Llandaff ( 1 542.) 
CAE-CIBWR. Arable land in the manor of Llystalybont, near 

Llanishen (1653.) 
CAE-CLAWDY. A close of pasture land within the Borough, for 

which the Marquess of Bute was rated (1S14.) 
CAE-CYNRIC (the close of Kenrick or Cynfrig.) A field in the 

lordship of Senghenydd, on the northern boundary of Roath- 

Keynsham ( i 702.) 
CAE-DAFYDD-MELAN (David Melan's close.) A field belonging to 

the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaft" (i 535. ) It was a parcel of 

arable land on the highway from Llandaff to Ely (1649.) 
CAE-DYRYSIOG, "Cae Ddrys-Syog " (the brambly close.) A field 

in the parish of Llantrisant. 
CAE-FFYRLING (the farthing close.) A tenement in the manor of 

Pentyrch (r. 1670.) 
CAE-GARW (the rough close.) In the parish of Llanishen (1583.) 
CAE-GLAS (the green close.) 3^ acres in the parish of Llantrisant 

(^655) 
CAE-GVVALCHMAI (Gwalchmai's close.) A tenement in the manor 

of Pentyrch and Clun [c. 1670.) 
CAE-IS-Y-GWELYDD (the close below the walls.) A field in the 

parish of Lisvane (1597.) 
CAE-LLWYD (the grey or venerable close.) Near Llanisiien (1653.) 
CAE- MARL (the marl close.) A field in the parish of Llanedern 

(159S.) 
CAE-MURCH (probably Cae Mcirch, the close of the war-horses.) A 

field in the parish of Llanishen. 



346 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

CAf--PAEN, " Kayer Paine" (Payn's close.) Five acres on the north 
side of the road from Llandaff to Peterston, demised, with a 
house and garden, to Henry Morgan of " Rubinay " by the 
Chapter of Llandaff in 1612. 
CAE-PICA (the peaked close.) A field in the parish of Lisvane ( 1 597.) 
CAE-PLWCYN (the close of the little pleck.) A field in the parish 
of Llanedern (1598.) 

CAE'R-BERLLAN (the orchard close.) In the hamlet of Fairwater 

(1710.) 
CAE'R-BONT (the bridge close.) In the parish of Llandaff (1732.) 
CAE'R-CASTELL (the castle close.) A "cottage or booth" near 

Canton Green, belonging to the Chapter of Llandaff (1604, 

1730.) Perhaps King's Castle is the one referred to. 
CAE'R-HANER, "Kayer hanar " (the close of the half) In the 

parish of Llandaff; property of the Chapter (1606.) 
CAE'R-PWLL (the close of the pool.) Four acres of pasture 

belonging to the Chapter of Llandaff (161 2.) 
"CAE'R VID VOL" {?Carr/u/a'a/, the close of the encampment.) 

In the parish of Saint John Baptist, on a road leading to 

Cathays ( 1749.) 
CAE'R-YRFA (the close of the course.) A tenement in the parish 

of Pentyrch and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) It formed part of 

Pen-Ihvyn-Cyni'yn-isaf. 
CAE SIAWNSLER, "Kay Chancelor " (the Chancellor's close.) A 

field near Pensisli, in the parish of Llandaff, belonging to the 

Chancellor of the diocese (1543.) 
CAE-SION-BACH (Little John's close.) Two acres belonging to the 

Chapter of Llandaff (1666.) 
CAE-SION-FERCH-IFAN-BACH (the close of Joan, daughter of 

Little Evan.) A field in the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff 

(I535-) 
CAE-SION-MEURIG, "John Merikescroft." A close in the lordship 

of Roath ( 1440.) 
CAE-SYR-DAFYDD (Sir David's close.) A field in the southern 

suburbs of Llandaff, now a public garden. Formerly a portion 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES, 347 

of the hereditary estate of Sir David Mathew of Lhmdaff, who 
flourished in the 15th century. 
CAE-TIR-CLOI (the croft of the closed land.) Parcel of the manor 

of Llystalybont (1653.) 
CAE-TIR-HYWEL (the close of the land of Howel.) A free 
tenement at Cefn-coed in the parish of Llanedern and manor 
of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 
CAE-TWC (the tuck close.) A piece of pasture land, eight acres in 
extent, in the parish of Roath. According to the Heath Enclo- 
sure Award of 1809, it was a messuage and farm comprising 
a little over ten acres, adjoined the lands of Maindy farm, and 
was bounded on one side by the road leading from Roath 
village to the Caerphilly Road 
CAE-Y-DINTWR, " Kaye y Dyntur " (the dyer's close.) A field in 
the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff ^i535-) It was a piece of 
pasture ground on the highway from Llandaff to Fairwater 
(1649.) 
CAE-Y-GROES (the close of the cross.) A piece of arable land near 
the highway from Llandaff to Radyr; parcel of the Treasurer's 
Manor of Llandaff (1649.) 
CAE-Y-GROES-LLWYD (the close of the venerable cross), " Kae-yr- 
vroes Lloyd." Three acres of arable land on the highway 
from Llandaff to Ely, belonging to the Treasurer's Manor of 
Llandaff (1612, 1649.) 
CAE-Y-LLETHR (the close on the slope.) A field in the parish of 

Lisvane (i597-) 
CAE-YN-Y-GARTH (the close in the Garth.) A tenement in the 

manor of Pentyrch {c. 1670.) 
CAE-Y-PARC, " Caireparke " (the park close.) Twenty-one acres in 

the lordship of Whitchurch (1492.) 
CAE-YR-OFFEIRIAD, " Kaer ffirad " (the priest's close.) In the 

parish of Llandaff ( 1 747. ) 
CAE-YR-YSGUBOR (the close of the barn.) " Five quarters of 
ground " in the parish of Llandaff, the property of the Chapter 
(1609.) 



348 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

CAERAU (pron. " Caira " and meaning the Roman camp.) A parish 
35 miles south-west from Cardiff. Tiie ancient encampment 
from whicii it takes the name has been identified with the 
Jupupania of Ptolemy, in Welsli Tref-iwbwb, " tlie town of 
wailing." Tiie manor of Caerau is or was held under the 
lordship of Llandaff. In 1545 it belonged to a cadet branch of 
the Mathew family. 

CAER-GLYN-TAF (the camp in the Taff Vale.) A tenement of land 
in the parish of Llantrisant (1547.) 

CAER-WEN (the white camp.) A farm in the parish of Pentyrch. 

CAL.F ROCK, The. On the south-east shore of the Steep Holm 

CAMP STREET, or Camp Lane (1S21.) Running Camp 
occasionally bore these names. 

CANONS' FARM, or Canna's Farm. A tenement in the parish of 
Llandaff (1732.) It belonged to the prebend of Saint Andrew in 
the cathedral church. 

CANTON, in Welsh Tiri^aiiiia (.Saint Canna's town.) A populous 
hamlet in the parish of Llandaff, but partly in that of .Saint 
John, Cardiff; the boundary being a brook, traces of which, 
with a boundary stone, lately remained near an old house in 
Cathedral Road. The whole lies on the right or western 
bank of the river Taff, opposite Cardiff. The surname 
De Kanetune appears early in the 13th century, and Canton 
was then a fee with lands held under it. In 1S52 the principal 
house, which stands on the west side of Canton Common, was 
known as Canton Manor-house, and was a freehold tenement 
under the manor of Llandaff. 

CANTON CROSS. A place on tlie south side of Cowbridge Road, 
where a road branches off southwards to Canton Common. 
The houses here are old, and one of them is the Cross Inn. A 
little further east, on the same side of the street, stood the 
Canton oak, a famous old tree. 

CAPEL-LLANILLTERN (Saint lUtern's chapel.) In the parish of 
Saint Fagan (1745.) 

CAPEL-Y-CELYN (the chapel by the holly-trees.) A farm in the 
parish of Llanedern. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE NAMES. 349 

CARDIFF. Welsh Cacnhdd The admini-strative and commercial 
capital of the ancient kingdom, mediaeval lordship and modern 
county of Glamorgan. The first half of the word is the Welsh 
form of the Latin cas/ra, a fort ; the et^'mology of the second 
half has not yet been ascertained. The earliest known spelling 
is Cairti (late i ith cent.) It seems likely that the second syllable 
of this place-name is a modification of Tib, and that this was 
one of two pre-Aryan names for the river Taff. (See Taff and 
Roath.)' There is a daughter-city of Cardiff' in the coal district 
of New South Wales ; and a Cardeeth in the parish of Carew, 
Pembrokeshire. Walton-Cardiff is a parish and village near 
Tewkesbury, in the county of Gloucester, and owes its name 
to the former connection of Cardiff with Tewkesbury Abbey. 
A tract of uncultivated land in the county of Carmarthen, called 
the Forest of Cardiff, was demised by the Crown to John 
Morgan Wolphe in 15S2. 

CARDIFF ARMS PARK. A large piece of meadow land on the 
left bank of the river Taff, just below Cardiff" Bridge. It takes 
its present name from the old Cardiff Arms inn, but was 
ibrmerly known as the Drying Hayes.- and seems to have been 
Common land in old times. It is perhaps identical with the 
Town Mead of mediaeval records. Previous to 1SS5 or there- 
abouts, it was commonly called the Little Park. 
CARDIFF BRIDGE. Over the river Taff", near the Castle. It 
connects the town with Canton, the nearest western suburb. 
Also called Canton Bridge, and the Taff" Bridge ; but Cardiff" 
Bridge is its correct official designation. In the Middle Ages 
a wooden bridge was erected here, at the ford. A stone one 
was built in the iSth century ;■' but taken down in 1796 when 
the present one, of stone with iron girders, was substituted 
for it, a few yards lower down the stream. It was renovated 
in the 19th century and widened, with the addition of iron 
balu.btrades and lamps. 

' the reader is ivteiied, fof a fuller cjiisideration of tills subject, to 1113- paper 
on tlie '•place-names ot tiie Cardiff District." (Cardiff Wd. Hist. S: Auiiii. Soc. 
Trans., vol xxxili., 1900-1901.) — J. H. iM. 

- In Buck's view (Vol. II., p. 68) may i)e seen linen spread out to di-y on this 
piece of land. 

3 Fra.£;nients of it still remain iu situ. 



35° CARDIFF RECORDS. 

CARDIFF GREEN. A piece of common pasture land on the right 
bank of the river Taff, near the west end of Cardiff Bridge, on 
the south side of the Cowbridge Road. Westbourne Crescent 
and other streets have been built upon it. Green Street 
perpetuates its memory. 

CARDIFF GROUNDS. A mud-bank in Penarth Roads. 

CARDIFF SPIT. A small bank south of Cardiff Grounds, marked 
by a buoy. 

CAREG-PICA (the peaked stone ) An artificial eminence or mound 
in the south-eastern angle of the outer wall of Cardiff Castle, 
behind the Glove and Shears inn, at the corner of Duke Street 
and North Street (1797, 1833 ) It was probably thrown up in 
the Norman period, to afford a post of observation for the 
garrison. Its English name was Castle Mount (1845.) 

CARN-CYNLAS (the rocky hill of Cynlas.) A piece of land in the 
parish of Llantrisant (1655.) 

CARVER'S HOUSE, The. A messuage at the west end of the 
middle row between Angel Street and Castle Street (1542.) 
The site was later occupied by the Maltster's Arms inn. 

CASTAN ( ?the chesnut.) A brook dividing the lordships of Roath- 
Keynsham and Senghenydd, near Whitchurch (1702.) 

CASTELLAU (the castles.) A hamlet in the parish of Llantrisant 
(1799-) 

CASTELL-COCH (the red castle.) A mediaeval stronghold at the 
entrance to the Taff Vale, on the river's left bank and at the 
western end of the Cefn range. It was restored and rendered 
habitable by its proprietor, the third Marquess of Bute, towards 
the end of the 19th century. There are the remains of a much 
earlier fortress on the hill at the back of the castle. 

CASTELL-MORGRAIG. A medieeval rectangular fortress on the 
southern slope of Cefn-on. Almost all that is at present known 
of this structure may be summed up in the words of Dyer : — 
" 'Tis now the raven's bleak abode, 
'Tis now th' apartment of the toad ; 
And there the fox securely feeds, 
And there the poisonous adder breeds. 
Concealed in ruins, moss and weeds." 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 351 

CASTELL-Y-MYNEICH (the monks' castle.) An ancient mansion, 
long the seat of a branch of the Mathew family, in the parish 
and manor of Pentyrch, of which last it is or was a freehold 
tenement (1550.) 

CASTELL-Y-WY. A house at the entrance of Roath Court Lane 
(iSoi.) 

CASTLE BAILEY, The. The precincts of the Castle; i.e., that 
portion of the town which lay under the Castle walls on the 
south-east, in Duke Street and North Street (1559.) 

CASTLEFIELD. A house and piece of land near Llystalybont, on 
the site of some ancient and forgotten stronghold (1801.) 
Roman coins and red pottery were unearthed here circa 1S60, 
when the land was first ploughed up. 

CASTLE ROAD. An important road, or rather, street, leading- 
northward from the Newport Road to Crwys Road. It took 
this name, in 1S74, from " Roath Castle " (as Plas-newydd 
was then styled,) but had been previously known as Heol-y- 
plwca, or Plwcca Lane. 

CATHAYS, The Cat Hayes. The immediate north-eastern suburb of 
Cardiff. The name originally stood for an open tract of 
common land, now represented by Cathays Park. The name, 
which is found at other towns also, would seem to point to the 
site of a battle — Welsh cad, Irish ccith. 1699, 1725. 

CATHAYS GRANGE, the Heath Grange, or "Grange Farm, 
Cathays." An ancient thatched stone farmhouse and barn on 
the north-western outskirts of Cathays, towards Llystalybont. 
It was the grange for the lAIanor of Roath-Tewkesbury. The 
buildings were demolished 1S99. They were situate at the 
west-end of Llantrisant Street. 

CATHEDRAL ROAD. A wide thoroughfare at Canton, with hand- 
some villa residences, leading from the Cowbridge Road north- 
wards to Llandaff Fields. This road was constructed ciira 
1S80, to replace the old lane from the West Moors and 
Whitehouse along the river-side to Plas-Turton and Pont- 
Canna. 

CAWSY-CRIBYN (the causeway of the crest.) A rivulet by the 
Cowbridge Road in the parish of Llandaff (1815.) 



352 CAKDIFF RECORDS. 

CEFN-BYCHAN (the little ridge.) A farm in the parish of Pentyrch. 

CEFN-CARNAU (the ridge of stone-heaps.) One of the eminences 
on the Cefn chain of hills, north of Cardiff. The same name is 
applied to an old Elizabethan farm-house which stands on the 
southern slope of the hill. 

CEFN-COED ("the woody ridge.") A long, low hill to the north- 
east of Cardiff, lying in the parishes of Roath and Llanishen, 
and terminating south-east with the spur called Pen-y-lan. 
The name is applied particularly to a farm halfway along the 
summit. There is also Cefn-coed Each (Little Cefn Coed) 
slightly to the north-west, and Cefn-coed Uchaf (Upper 
cefn Coed) near the northern end of the ridge. Heol-y-Cefn- 
coed, " the Cefn Coed Road," is called after this hill. The 
name is locally pronounced " Kingcode." and may be recognised 
in the surname of Adam Kyngot, occurring in the municipal 
charter of ciira 1331 . 

CEFN-COLSTON (Colston ridge.) A farm in the parish of Pentyrch. 

CEEN-MABLI (the ridge of Mabel.) An ancient mansion in the 
chapelry of Llanfedw, Glamorgan, on the right bank of the 
river Rhvmny ; an ancestral seat of the Kemeys family. 

CEFN-ON (the ridge of ash-trees.) A part of the Cefn range of 
hills to the north of Cardiff. It is in the commote of 
Senghenydd. 

CEFN-POETH (the hot ridge.) A hill at the junction of the parishes 
of Llanedern and Llanfedw, forming the north-eastern boundary 
of the manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 

CEEN-TRE-BAEN (the ridge of the habitation of Payn), " Keven 
Tree Paynes lands." A freehold messuage with meadows and 
woods in the parishes of Saint Fagan and Pentyrch, in the 
lordship of Miscyn (1595, 1666.) 

CEEN-Y-GWYNDON (the ridge of the white layland.) A tenement 
in the parish of Saint Fagan and lordship of Miscyn (1666 ) 

CEFN-Y-WRACH ;" the Hag's Back."/ A reef oft" Penarth Head 
(iS73-) 

CELYN, Y (the holly-trees.) A farmhouse on the east side of the 
Nant-mawr, near the north end of Roath Park. 







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SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 353 

CELYN-BACH. A small farmhouse on the west side of Roath 
Park. 

CHAIR, The. A place on the Great Heath (^1820.) 

CHAPEL FARM, Pen-y-Ian. Oiunr whether identical with Capel- 
Den3's or ■r3''r-capel. 

CHURCH STREET. I'he thoroughfare which leads from the High 
Cross [q.v.) eastwards to Saint lohn's church tower. It 
was formerly called Saint John Street, but then extended as 
far as the east end of the church, on the north side. It was 
sometimes termed Church Lane in iSii. 

CH\VECH-ER\V-ISLAW-Y-CAVVSY ("the six acres below the 
causeway.") A field in Roath, mentioned in tlie Heath 
Enclosure Award of 1S09. 

CIBWR. Anciently Cibwyr. (In English spelling Kibor, Kibbor or 
Kibworth.) A commote of Glamorgan, bounded west by the 
Commote of Llandaff and east by the Hundred of Gwentlhvg. 
It was styled Caiitref Brenhinol, "the Royal Hundred," because 
it contained Cardiff, the caput baronuT. Cardiff, however, 
appears to have been sometimes considered a commote or 
Hundred in itself; and when, in the reign of Henry VIII , the 
County of Glamorgan and its present Hundreds were con- 
stituted, the Commotes of Llandaff and Kibor were formed into 
the Hundred of Cardiff or Kibor, while the Borough was still 
kept distinct from the Hundred. The Commote of Kibor 
appears, however, still to subsist as an independent Lordship 
for some purposes. There is a river in Pembrokeshire called 
the Kybur, Kibor or Cibwr. 

CIDER CELLAR, The Old. A low, stone-built house, of considerable 
antiquity, with massive, square, freestone chimnies ; half-way 
up the east side of Womanby. It fell into ruin in 1S94. 

CIL-ELY (the cell of Ely.) A piece of land in the parish of Llantri- 
sant (1655.) 

CIL-YNYS (the cell-island.) A house on the west side of the river 
Taff, south of the Garth mountain. 

CLAT-CELYNOG, " Clatt y clinog" (?the holly plot.) A copyhold 
tenement in the manor of Llystalybont, near Llanishen (1653.) 



354 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

CLAWDD-HELIG (^the dike of willows.) A place in the parish of 
Llandaff (1592.) 

CLAWDD-Y-CWNSTABL, " Clauthe Constable" (the Constable's 
dike.'i A place on the western boundary of the Commote of 
Llandaff (c. 1530.) 

CLERK'S HOUSE, The. In the parish of Roath, near the church 
and the mill (1S09.) 

CLIP-COCH (the red declivity.) A dike or embankment, with a 
declivity on the west side only; on the right bank of the river 
Ely, near its mouth, in the parish of Leckwith. 

CLUN, " Clonne." A manor in Miscyn Hundred ; a member of the 
lordship of Llantrisant (1307.) 

COCK HILL. High land in the parish of Leckwith, north of the 
village. 

COCK'S TOWER, The; " Cokes Towre," or "Cox's Tower." A watch- 
tower which stood on the east wall of Cardiff, at the Haj'es 
(17S1.) Some remains of it may still be traced. It is perhaps 
to be identified with Coquemarel, the ancient prison of the 
borough (1550.) It stood on the bend of the moat, now the 
Canal, until about 1S60; but was then pulled down, all save a 
low portion of the south-east corner, the approach whereto was 
up an allej' called Evans" Court. 

COED-BACH (small wood.) A little north-east of Coed-mawr, in 
Llanishen parish. 

COED-CAE (the enclosed wood.) A copyhold tenement in the manor 
of Llystalybont ( 1673.) 

COEDCA-DARREN (the tree-close of the knoll.) A parcel of land 
m the parish of Llantrisant (1655.) 

COED-CAE-GVVYDDAU (the goose-close wood.) At Coed-y-gores 
in the parish of Llanedern. 

COED-CATI-ROSSER (Kate Rosser's wood ) On the right bank of 
the river Ely, just below Leckwith bridge, 

COED-CREIGIAIDD (rocky wood.) In the parish of Leckwith, 
between the village and the river Ely. 

COED-FFRANC (the Frenchman's wood.) North-east of Pen-y-lan. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 355 

COEDGAE'R-POSET, " Coetca Poset " (the quickset hedge of the 

posset.) A close in the hamlet of the Van and parish of 

Bedwas (1756.) 
COED-GROES (Cross-wood.) A wood on the river Ely, in the 

manor of Llandaff (1740.) 
COED-HOEL' (Howel's Wood.) On the northern boundary of the 

manor of Llystalybont (1653.) 
COED-MAWR (great wood.) In the parish of Llanishen, north of 

Fairoak, on the east side of the Nant-mawr. 
COED-SION-HYWEL'. (John Howel's wood.) In the parish of Leck- 

with, in the angle between the road to Dinas Powys and the 

road to Llandough. 
COED-Y-CAEAU (the wood of the closes.) On the Heath, in the 

parish of Llanishen (1S40.) 
COED-Y-CAPEL (chapel wood.) In the parish of Llanedern, to the 

west of the ancient chapel near Coed-y-gores. 
COED-Y-CHWAER (the sister's wood.) In the parish of Rumney, 

north of the village. 
COED-Y-CLORIAN (the wood of the balance?) A farm in the 

parish of Llanedern, south of the village. 
COED-Y-COCSI, " Coed-y-coxy." A wood on the hill near Cefn- 

coed farm, in the manor of Roath (1S40.) 
COED-Y-CWAREL (the wood of the quarry.) In the parish of 

Rumney (1840.) 
COED-Y-CYMDDA (the common wood.) Borders the parishes of 

Llandaff and Leckwith. 
COED-Y-DDYLLUAN (the owl's wood.) In the parish of Leckwith, 

on the borders of Michaelston-le-pit. 
COED-Y-FRENHINES (the Queen's wood.) At Cefn-coed, in the 

parish of Llanedern. 



1 The name Howel h.id anciently two forms. Hoel and Hiwel, both of which .ire 
represented by a difference of sound at the present day. Howel is pronounced 
" Hoel" in Monmouthshire. 



3S6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

COED-Y-GORES (the gorse wood.) A liamlet and mansion in tlie 
parish of Llanedern, on tlie right banlc of the ri\'er Rhymny. 
In it is the ancient chapel of Llanforda. The mansion was the 
home of a branch of the Morgan family in the iSth century. 

COED-Y-MILVVR (the soldier's wood.) North-east of Pen-y-lan. 

COED-Y-PARLMENT (parliament wood.) (3n the Pant-bach brook 
in the parish of Llanedern, on the northern municipal boundary' 
of Cardiff. 

COED-YR-HEN-WR (the wood of the old man.) A tenement in 
Cooper's Fields, opposite Blackweir (1S40. ) 

COED-YSTOFER (the estover wood.) In the parish of Leckwith, 
west of the village, on the right bank of the river Ely. 

COG, The. A stream which flows through and gives its name to the 
lordship and parish of Cogan. On it is a house called the Cog 
Farm. If the name is Aryan, it is probably a Celtic root 
implying noise, babble (Irish coi^rar, whispering.) 

COGAN (o short.) Welsh Ca'odii. A village, parish and manor at 
the foot of the Leckwith hills, in the Hundred of Dinas Powys, 
three miles west of Cardiff. The name is taken from that 
of the Cog rivulet, which flows through the parish into the 
river Ely. The ancient familj' of Cogan derived their patro- 
nymic iVom this place, of which they were the feudal lords for 
several generations. A branch of the Herberts were seated 
here in the i6th and 17th centuries, in a mansion now known 
as Cogan Farm. 

COGAN DINGLE. On the west side of the highroad from Cogan 
Pill to Penarth. 

COGAN DOWN. Fifty acres of arable land in the lordship of 
Cogan (1492.) 

COGAN HALL. An ancient mansion at the village of Cogan. 

COGAN PILL. The lowest-lying part of the parish of Llandough, on 
the right bank of the river Ely. In consequence of the forming 
of Penarth Docks, this is now a populous and busy town. 
Here is an ancient mansion called Cogan Pill, which belonged 
to a branch of the Herbert family ; but it is in the parish of 
Llandough. A Minister's Account of 1492 refers to "the 
stream called Cogan Pylle." 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 357 

COOPER'S FIELDS. A long- stretch of pasture land on the left bank 
of the Taff, between that river and the Castle. Now part of 
the Castle Grounds. 

COPPET LANE, " Coppyd Lane." At Llandaff ( i 542.) 

COQUEMAREL. The ancient prison of Cardiff borough, which had 
a dungeon beneath the moat. It is perhaps identical with the 
Cock's Tower. Fo.k's " Book of Martyrs " says that Rawlins 
White, convicted of heresy, was confined here in Queen Mary's 
reign. 

CORFHAM. A place within the salt-marsh of the lordship of Leck- 
with (1456.) 

CORNEL- Y-WAUN (the corner of the meadow.) A farmhouse on 
the west side of Gwaun-tre-Oda, or Whitchurch Common. 

CORNER HOUSE. The house which is now the shop and library of 
Mr. Dobbin, bookseller. No i Saint Mary Street, at the south- 
west corner of Church Street. It was the town house of the 
Richards family in 17S5, but was a Bank circa 1845. It must 
not be confused with High Corner House. 

CORNERS-WELL A farm in the parish and manor of Cogan (c. 
1540, 1SS5.) 

CORWG (the trunk.) A place in the parish of Eglwysilan (i793-) 

COSMESTON, Upper and Lower. Two homesteads to the west of 
Penarth. The name is a corruption of Costyn's-town. 

COSTINSTON, Cosmeston, Coston. A lordship comprising the 
parish of Lavernock and a portion of Penarth. Its name is 
derived from the tamily of Costyn' ; one of whom, Thomas de 
Costyn, held a messuage and two ploughlands at Cysteyneston 
11307-) 

•• COURESMEDE." A piece of land m the lordship of Roath (1440) ; 
perhaps identical with Sourland or Cowmead. 

COURT COLMAN ROW. A street outside the South Gate (1S7S.) 

' It is but rarely that a place takes its name from a person. In the comparatively 
few cases where this has happened, the phice-name usually ends in "ton" (town) in 
English, or, in Welsh, begins with " Tre." Families often take their names from 
places. 



358 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

COURT FURLONG, Great and Little. Two parcels of land 
measuring sixteen and four acres respectively, in the lordship 
of Roath (1492.) 

COWBRIDGE ROAD. The principal western outlet from Cardiff, 
running through the hamlets of Canton and Ely, and the 
parishes of Llandaff and Saint Fagan, westward to Cow- 
bridge. It is practically identical with the corresponding 
portion of the Via Julia {q.v.) 

COW CLOSE. A field at the Grey Friars {c. 1540.) 

COWMEAD. Three acres of meadow in the lordship of Cogan 
(1492.) 

CRAG, The. Four acres of concealed land demised by the Chapter 
of Llandaff, in 161 2, to Oliver Robotham. 

CRAIG-CIBWR (Cibwr rock.) A hill on the northern boundary of 
the lordship of Roath-Keynsham (1653, i/O--) 

CRAIG-ELEN (Helen's rock), or perhaps Cfaig //an, Saint Han's 
rock. At Cefn-coed (1702.) 

CRAIG-LLANISHEN (Llanishen rock.) On the northern boundary 
of the manor of Llystalybont (1653.) 

CRAIG-MAES"Y-G\VYNT (the rock of the field of the wind.) Land 
at Cefn-coed in the parish of Llanedern and manor of Roath- 
Keynsham, holden at a chief rent (1702.) 

CRAIG-WILYM (William's rock.) A tenement in the parish of 
Pentyrch and lordship of Miscyn (i666.'l 

CRAIG-Y-CASTELL (the castle rock.) A free tenement in the parish 
of Llanishen and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 

CRAIG-Y-LLWYN (the rock of the bush.) Lands in the parish of 
Llanedern (1702.J 

CRAIG-Y-MOEL (the rock of the bare, round hill.) A tenement m 
the parish of Pentyrch and lordship of iMiscyn (1666.) 

CREIGIAU (the rocks.) A farm and hamlet in the parish of 
Pentyrch, at the southern foot of the high land. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 359 

CROCKHERBTOWN, " Crokkerton." The immediate eastern suburb 
of Cardiff, viz., the houses lining the thoroughfare which 
continues from Queen Street and the East Gate eastward 
towards Newport Road. It was anciently either the street in 
which crock-herbs, i.e., vegetables for the pot, were sold, or the 
district in which kitchen gardens were most numerous. As 
confirming this derivation of the name, it is significant that, in 
IS4-, free tenements were here holder of the lordship of Roath 
by " kitchen-rent," i.e., by the service of providing certain 
minor articles of food for the lord's kitchen. The name is met 
with in other old towns. A few years ago, the old word was 
abolished by a Minute of Council, and the name Queen Street 
extended to the entire thoroughfare as far east as the two 
railway bridges. It ought to be restored. When it was 
abolished, the name Crockherbtown House was given by Mr. 
Grover to his Early Victorian residence at the south-west 
corner of Park Place, which was demolished 1S9S ; but it 
would seem that the name was earlier borne by a smaller house 
on the north side of the same street, immediately east of Saint 
John's Schools playground. 

CROES-FAEN (the stone cross.) In the parish of Pentyrch (T751, 
1792.) 

CROES-WEN (white cross.) A house in Rad}^ parish, a little 
north-west of the village. 

CROFFT-CASTELL-Y-GWIBLU, " Croft Castle Gwibley " (the croft 
of the castle of the vagrant band.) A field in the parish of 
Leckwith (i 760.) 

CROFFT-EGINYN (the croft of the young shoot.) A field in the 
parish of Saint Fagan [c. 1670.) A will of 172S calls it 
" Croft y Gunny." 

CROFET-Y-FEVNON (the croft of the well.) A quarter of an acre 
belonging to the Chapter of Llandaff (1747.) 

CROSMAM. Fuur acres and one rood of meadow in the salt-marsh 
of the lordship of Leckwith (1492.) 

CROSS COTTAGE. An old cottage at the south-east corner of Cefn- 
coed Lane and the Merthyr Road (now Pen-y-lan Road and 
Albany Road.) Demolished 1899. 



36o CARDIFF RECORDS. 

CROSS STREET. An old thoroughfare leading from Frederick 
Street westward to Hill's Terrace, on the south side of Queen 
Street. 

CRWYS-BYCHAN (Little Crwys) A farmstead in the parish of 
Saint John, on the northern outskirts of the town, beyond 
Cathays. The lands were built upon and the house demolished 
in 1S99, when the Board Schools were erected on the site, 
opposite the south-western corner of the Cemetery, at the top 
of Crwys Road. If the name is an abbreviation of Caer-wys, 
one would suppose that there was anciently a fortified camp 
b}' a brook at this spot. Circa 1540, this was a copyhold 
tenement held under the Cardiff Grange of Margam Abbey. 

CRWYS-MAWR (^Great Crwys.) A tenement situate some 
distance to the east of the last, nearer Roath village. It 
disappeared so long ago that its position can only be guessed at. 

CRWYS ROAD. A wide thoroughfare forming a continuation of 
Castle Road northward, across the Rhymney Railwa}', to join 
the North Road at Pentre, VVhitcliurch It takes its name from 
Crwys- bychan farm. 

CRYSTAL CO\'ERT. A wood on the Heath, in the parish of 
Llanishen. 

CULVER HOUSE. A farm in the parish of Saint Fagan. 

CUTLER-ACRE An acre of meadow in the lordship of Roath, 
destroyed by a flood in 1492. It was doubtless the perquisite 
of the lord's cutler. Cutler's Close (1737.) 

CUT-THROATS. One of the four Gallows Fields taking their 
names from the public executions there anciently performed 
(1730, 1S03.) 

CWM, Y (the dale.) A farm in the parish of Llanishen. Also the 
low land around Llandaft Cathedral (1683.) 

CWM-CAER-ELEY (the dale of the fortified camp on the Elai.) 
Freehold lands near Llanishen, in the manor of Llystalybont 
(1653.) 

C\VM-CED\\A N (Cedwyn's dale.) A woody dell on the right bank 
of the river Ely, between the parishes of Leckwith and Llan- 
dough. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 361 

CWM-NOFYDD, " Cwm Novith." A tenement in or near Whit- 
church (1735, 17S9.) 

CWM-Y-FWYALCHEN (the dale of the blackbird.) An ancient 
thatched house at the hamlet of Ftilog, Whitchurch, on the 
west side of the Llaiiisiien Road. 

CWRT, The. A brook flowing into the sea west of Penarth Head. 

CWRT-BACH (the little court). Also called Roath Court Farm. 
All old farmhouse situate on the opposite side of the lane (now 
Albany Road) to Roath Court, between that and Llys-du. 

CWRT-TRE-GARFG (the court of the stone-built homestead, or of 
the homestead by tlie stone.) A farm in the parish of 
Llanedern. 

CWRT-Y-FIL. An old mansion in the parish of Penarth. 

CYFARCHFA (the hailing-place.) An old thatched cottage on the 
east bank of the river Taff, a little south of Llandaff bridge. 

CYMDDA-BACH, Cymla Bach (the little common.) In the parish of 
Llandaff ( I 730.) A small thatched cottage at Llandaff Yard. 

CYNDDA, or Cymdda, or Cymla Bach. A small thatched house 
which stood on the side of Pen-y-waun Road, on the corner of 
Nmian Road, by Roath Park. The name is Welsh and means 
"the Common." In 1653 the house was described as a 
messuage and land, partly common, in the manor of Llystaly- 
bont. It was blown down in a storm (1S95.) 

DAIRY WELL, Tiie. A well with ancient masonry in the grounds of 
Llandaff Court, north of the house, at the foot of the hill. 

DAME COURT. Crockherbtown (1S50.) 

DANIEL'S-HOOKS, " Danyell-hokes," " Danyell Hok." A piece of 
land in the farm of the grange in the lordship of Leckwith 
(1456, 1492.) 

DAU-GAE-Y-GELLl (the two closes of the grove.) Fields in the 
parish of Llanishen (1655.) 

DEANFIELD. A piece of land at Roath Court Farm, or Dean's 
Farm. 

DEAN'S FARM. Another name for Roath Court Farm, otherwise 
Cwrt-bach. 



362 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

DELTA PLACE. A row of small old dwelling-houses near Tai- 
cochion, or Red Houses, Roath ; demolished 1S99. 

DERI, Y (the oaks.) Now corruptly styled "the Dairy Farm." A 
homestead a little north-east of Roath church. Also a tenement 
in or near Whitchurch, 1735. 

DERWEN-DDU (^black oak.) A tenement in the parish of Llanishen. 

DINAS-POWYS. An ancient castle, village and manor in the 
Hundred of the same name, but in Saint Andrew's parish, five 
miles south-west from Cardiff. 

DOBBIN PITS, The. A piece of land lying south-east of Cathays 
Grange, beyond the north end of Park Place, near the T.V.R. 
goods-shed and Corbett Road, on the northern outskirts of the 
town, but now built over. The name is probably derived from 
one John Dobin, who held lands in this locality in the year 
1319. Sometimes it was written Daubinpitts, Daupinpitts and 
Dawbyngepytts (1492, 1550, 1674, 1715, 177S, 1797, 1817.) 
In one document it is styled Dibble Pits. Here stood the 
Dobbinpits Farm, until 1S50. Park Place was called Dobbin- 
pits Lane because it led to this place. 

DOBBINPITS FARM lands lay in what is now the angle between 
the Taff \'ale and Rhymney Railways. 

DOBBINPITS ROAD. The old name of Park Place. This thorough- 
tare, in the Heath Enclosure Award of 1S09, is described as 
" the Blind Lane leading from Crockherbtown to Dobbin Pits."' 
It runs along the east side of Cathays Park. 

" DOBSTREET." A street at Llandaff (1606.) 

" DOGOVVYLDESCROFT," Dogvill's Croit, Dogfield Croft. A field 
in the lordship of Roath (1440.) Sir Roath-Dogfield and 
Bedd-y-ci-du, with which latter this is perhaps identical. 

DOWLWERN, Y (the dole alders.) Lands near Llanishen (1653.) 

DOWN TON. A house in the parish of Rumney, south of Pensarn. 

DRAENEN-PEN-Y-GRAIG (the thorn-tree at the end of the rock.) 
A place near the northern boundary of Sengiienydd and Roath- 
Keynsham (1702.) In 179S "Y Drainen " was described as 
" being the known and ancient boundary between the parishes 
of Eglwysilan and Llanishen." " Thorntree Hill" is an 
eminence on the Cefn range. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 363 

DRYING HAYS, The. An old name for the Cardiff Arms Park. 

• DUG." Land in the manor of Roath-Dogfield, mentioned in a deed 

of circa I200 
DUKE STREET. The thoroughfare which runs westward from 
North Street and Trinity Square to the north end of High 
Street, forming the line of communication between Queen 
Street and Castle Street. By the middle of the 19th century 
it had come to be confused with Shoemaker Street. In 1S49 
it was called " Duke Street otherwise Shoemaker Street." 
The two were, however, really distinct. Duke Street is named 
in documents of the i6th century, but sometimes under the 
form " Duck Street.'" Though it is supposed to derive its 
name from Duke Robert's imprisonment in the Castle, it may 
very likely have been the street in which ducks were sold. 
DULAS (the blue-black stream. 1 A brook lorming a boundary of the 
lordship of Roath-Keynsham. It flows through the parish of 
Llanedern, and empties into the river Rhymny between 
Lanrumney and Coed-y-gores (,1702.) This name, in slightly 
varying forms, is tound all over the Celtic region ; e.g., Dowlais 
near Merthyr Tydfil, Daoulas in Brittany, and Douglas in 
Scotland. 
DUMBALLS, The; the Domball. The moor-land between the river 
Taff and the Glamorganshire Canal, from Sowdrey to the sea 
(1711.) There is a Dunball Island at the mouth of the Bristol 
Avon. In 1752 there was a Dumball Close on Cardiff Moors, 
and the name occurs in 1S14. 
DUiMBALLS ROAD. A narrow lane which led from the South Gate 
westwards across the West Moors towards Penarth (^1839, 
1S64.) Since widened and called Penarth Road. 
DWY-ERW-A-HANER-GENOL (the middle two and a half acres.) 

A piece of land on the shore of the East Moor (17D4.J 
DWY-ERVV-COED (the two acres of the wood.) A field in the 

parish of Roath (1750.) 
"DWY-ERW-DONEG" [1 Dzcy-cnv-doiuog, the endowed two-acres.) 
In the parish of Roath and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702) 



364 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

DWY-ERW-SYR-HARI (Sir Henry's two acres.) In the parish of 

Roath (1709 ) 
DWY-ERW-Y-BWLKY. Two Welsh acres (four English) of land on 

the shore of the Splot, south of the stream which flows into 

the Severn at Pulkey (1764.) 
DWY-ERVV-Y BYRIEUWYSAU, " Dwy Erw yr Byriousa " (the 

two acres of the short-yoked oxen.) In Llandaff parish (1709.) 
DWY-ERW-Y-GARN EACH (the two acres of the little stone-heap.) 

A tenement in the parish of Saint Fagan [c. 1670.) 
DWY-ERW-Y-PISTYLL (the waterfall two acres.) A field at Pen-y- 

lan (1S09. ) 
DWY-ERW-Y-WAUN-GRON (the two acres of the round meadow.) 

In LlandafT parish (1709.) 
DYFFRYN, Y (the dell.) A tiiatched farmhouse just beyond the 

north end of Roath Park 
EARL'S HILL, " Erleshulle." Demesne land in the manor of 

Rumiiey, referred to in a Minister's Account of 1402. 
EAST FURLONG A meadow in the lordship of Roath [1492.) In 

1542 It was stated to contain 43^ acres. 
EAST STREET. A name sometimes in the i8th century applied to 

Smith Street. 
EAST WEIR, The. A fishery m the sea, in the lordship of Roath 

(1542.) 
EASTERN HOLLOWS, The. A part of the Moors near the mouth 

oi the river Taff (1830.) 
EFAIL-Y-CASTELL (the forge of tlie castle.) A hamlet in the parish 

of Pentyrch. 
EFAIL-Y-DOWST, Dusty Forge. A place a little west of the hamlet 

of Ely, on the Cowbridge Road (1735.) 
EGLWYSILAN (the church of Saint Ilan.) An extensive parish 

about six miles north of Cardiff. 
ELM STREET, Roath ; off the north side of the Newport Road. 

So called from its proximit}- to the F'our Elms. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 365 

ELROSE. A piece of land marked on Mr. J. S. Corbett's map as 
situate to the east of the Island, on the east side of the north- 
east end of Broadway, Roath ; bounded on the north-east b}' 
Spring Gardens Road. 

ELY. }' Lai, or Yr FJni. A river of Glamorgan, rising in the hills 
of Glamorgan and flowing southward between Llandaff and the 
Leckwith Hills, until it discharges itself into the Severn 
Channel a little to the east of Penarth Head. It would be 
both more accurate and more distinctive to spell this name 
Eley. 

ELY COMMON FARM. An old thatched farmhouse, with a curious 
wooden porch, on the north side of Cowbridge Road, close to 
the west side of the new Park. 

ELY COURT. A large house standing in its own grounds, halfway 
between Ely and Llandaff. 

ELY FARM. An ancient homestead in the hamlet of Ely. It was 
the hereditary property and residence of the late George 
Thomas (1S21-1S98), a Glamorgan farmer of the old school. 

ELY FOREST. A tract of uncultivated land in the parisli of Llan- 
trisant (i 547.'! 

ELY GREEN. A piece of waste land measuring 3(7. or. idp., in the 
manor of Llandaff ( 1852.) 

ELY RISE (185S.) A house on the east side of the road from Ely 
northwards to Llandaff, near the crossways and just within the 
Borough. 

" ENORMORE." Certain pastures forming part of Griffithsmoor, in 
the Hundred of Cibwr (1547.) 

" EROW WENSAN" (? Saint Gwensan's acre.) Arable land in the 
parish of Llantrisant. It was chantry-land (154S.) A place 
called Llanwensan, near C-rdift", is named in a Will of 1550. 

ERW-BANT (the far acre.) A field in the parish of Lisvane (1597.) 

ERW-DARLAND. An acre of land in Cefn-Mabli park, parcel of the 
manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 

ERW-DEILO (Saint Teilo's acre.) A piece of land held by Miles 
Mathew as free tenant of the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff, 
paying a penny a year rent. {]"al. EccL, 1535.) 



366 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

ERW-DUON (the black acres.) Two plots of land, of six and eight 

acres, on the shore of the East Moor (1764.) J. S. C. 
ERW-HYWEL-Y-COES (the acre of Howel of the leg.) A freehold 

tenement in the parish of Llanedern and manor of Roath- 

Keynsham (1702.) 
ERW-MAES-Y-DRE (the acre outside the town.) In the parish of 

Llandaff (1709.) 
ERW-PEN-Y-SARN i^the acre at the head of the causeway.) In the 

parish of Llandaff (1709.) 
ERW'R-AFALLEN (the apple-tree acre.) A tenement in the parish of 

Saint Fagan {c. 1670.) 
ERW'R-BEAM. An acre on the East Moor (1764.) J. S. C. 
ERWR-CLOCHDY (the belfry acre.) A piece of land on the shore 

of the East Moor (1764.) J. S. C. 
ERW'R-DELYN (the harp acre.) Land on the Splot (1764.) J. S. C. 
ERW'R-GROES (the acre of the cross.) A piece of land on the shore 

of the East Moor (1764.) J. S. C. 
ERW'R-PENTRE-CAE-G\VYN (the acre of the village of the white 

field.) Land in the hamlet of Ely (1719.) 
ERW'R-POND. An acre of land in tlie hamlet of Ely (,1719.) 
ERVV'R-YSCOLHAIG (the scholar's acre.) Two English acres 

belonging to the Chapter of Llandaff ( i 747.) 
ERW-WAUN-Y-CYMDDA, " Erow wain y Kimtha" (the acre of the 

meadow of the common.) In Llandaff parish (1709.) 
ERW-WEN (white acre.) Land in the parish of Lisvane. Also an 

acre of land on Ely Moor belonging to the Chapter of Llandaff 

(1721.) 
ERW-YR-APOTHECARY (the apothecary's acre.) A piece of land 

held with Penhill in the mai:cr of Llandaff ( 1S5 2.) 
ESTHAWE. A bailiwick in the lordship of Cardiff Castle (149^-) 
EVANS' COURT. On the east side of the Hayes, leading to the 

Cock's Tower. It was demolished ci?xa 1S95. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES, 367 

EXTENT-LAND, " Extenlond." Divers lands and tenements in the 
lordsiiip of Pentyrch were so named in 1492, because newly 
" extent " or scheduled. 

FACTORY WOOD. In the parish of Leckwith, on the right bank of 
the river Ely, belo\v the bridge. 

FAIRFIELD, " ffayrefeld." Arable land in the lordship of Cardiff and 
Roath, referred to in a Minister's Account of 1392. 

FAIROAK. Welsh Dcnvcn-dcg. A farm in the parish of Roath, on 
the left bank of the Nant-mawr (1785.) 

FAIRWATER. A hamlet in the parish of Llandafif. Its Welsh name 
is Tyllgoed (holed trees.) The English name of this hamlet is 
given to one of the prebends of Llandaff Cathedral, which in 
some documents is called the Prebend of Fairwell, or Farewell. 

FELIN FAWR, Y; "Velin Vaure " (the great mill ) A grist-mill in 
the parish of Llantrisant in the bedelry of Miscyn (1547.) 

"FFOLDEYES TENEMENT." A holding in the lordship of Roath, 
destroyed by a flood in 1492. 

FFOREST. A farm on the left bank of the river Taff, m Whitchurch 
parish, near Melingriffith. 

FFOREST-GOCH, Y (the red forest.) A portion of the uncultivated 
lands of Lower Senghenydd, to the north of Cardiff" (1550.) 

FFOREST-ISAF (the lower forest.) Lands in or near Whitchurch 
(I 735-) 

" FFOREST MAVON ELYE." A ham or pasture-land in Lower 
Senghenydd lordship (1547.) 

FFYNON-BREN (the tree well, or Bran's well.) A spring giving 
its name to a picturesque thatched cottage, with a garden, on 
the north side of Albany Road, opposite the end of Claude 
Road. Demolished 1S90. 

FFYNON-DEILO (Saint Teilo's well.) A spring rising under the 
foundations of Ty-gwyn, in the city of Llandaff, on the west 
side of the lane which leads from the Castle down to the 
Cathedral. It is a large cavit^^ with a pool enclosed b}' ancient 
masonry. Since 18S9 it has become polluted. 



368 CARDIFF^ RECORDS. 

FFYNON-FEDW (the well by the birch-trees.) In the parish of 
Llanedern (1744.) 

FFYNON-HOBA (Hobba's Well.) A spring or well in the parish of 
Llanishen, at the back of an old thatched house bearing the 
same name, on the west side of the Caerphilly Road. It may 
mean the swine's well, but more likely the name is connected 
with hob, an elf or goblin. 

FFYNON-LLANDENIS A spring of water rising near Capel- 
Denis, in the parish of Llanishen ; formerly associated with the 
memory of Saint Denis and resorted to for the cure of 
rheumatism and sore eyes. It forms a shallow pond and is 
now inside the northernmost enclosure of Roath Park.' 

FFYNON-WEN (the wiute well.) A small farmhouse in the parish of 
Whitchurch, on the west side of the road from tlie Holly-bush 
Inn towards the Cefn. 

FISHDOWN. Twenty acres of demesne land in the lordship of 
Cogan (I4g2.) 

FISHER'S BRIDGE. A wooden bridge which crossed the Taff at 
Llystalybont. In allusion to a bridge at this place the old 
manor-house has its name, which in English means "The Court 
at the Bridge End " (1770, iSiS.) 

FIVE ACRES, The. A piece of arable land belonging to the 
Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff ( 1649.) 

FLAT HOLM, The. A small inhabited island in the Bristol Channel, 
13'ing between the coast of Glamorgan and the Steep Holm. It 
is 2h miles south-east from Lavernock Point, but is accounted 
a portion of the parish of Saint Mary, Cardiff, and of the 
lordship of Glamorgan. 

FLAT-HOLM SHELF A bank east of the Flat Holm, in the Bristol 
Channel. 

FLORIN A meadow on the right bank of the river Rhymny, near 
Coed-y-gores (1702.) 

" FOES-LASE-VACH." A meadow in the parish of Llanedern 
(1702.) 

' The name was officially given to this enclosure by the Parks Committee, at the 
instance of the Archivist. 




RoATH Park.— THh Koci. C 




SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 369 

FOUR ELMS LANE. A lane a mile east of Cardiff, lately widened 
into a street, leading east-south-east from the Newport Road 
to Clifton Street and Broadway, Roath. So called from four 
noble elms which stood between the lane and the higiiroad. 
They were felled in 1901, to widen the thoroughfare. One of 
the Cardiff Eisteddfodau was proclaimed under those elms, it 
is said. 

FRESHMOOR. In the lordship of Roath. (Minister's Account, 
1542.) 

FROG LANE. A thoroughfare so named in Speed's map of 16 10. 
Apparently identical with Golate. The name occurs in 1821, 
and is, perhaps, a variant of Porrag (/r., Porridge) Lane, one 
of the names for Wharton Street, whereof Golate is a western 
continuation. 

FULFORD HENGE, The. A fishery on the sea shore near the 
mouth of the Taff, in the lordship of Roath (1542.) 

GABALFA, Y ; or Caubalfa, (the ferry.) A hamlet and a mansion 
in the parish of Llandaff, on the left bank of the river Taff, 
near Llandaff ford and bridge. In 1612 " Cabalva, 5 acres" 
was found to be concealed land and was demised to Oliver 
Robotham. 

GALLOWS FIELDS, The. Two meadows on the north-eastern 
boundary of the Borough, at the west side of the junction 
between Crwys Road, Castle Road and Albany Road (1S03.) 
Their site is now intersected by Richmond Road, which, at 
its junction with the above roads, apparently runs along the 
boundary between the two Gallows Fields. These were oblong, 
their eastern ends abutting on the junction between Crwys 
Road and Castle Road (plan of 1S20.) The name reminds 
us that this was anciently the place of public executions. The 
fields were originally in four plots, known as i. Gallows Pit, 
2. PwU-halog ("Defiled Pool") or Plwca-halog ("Defiled 
Pleck "), 3. Cut-throats, and 4. Cae-pudr ("Putrid Close.") 
These measured one acre eacli, and were a portion ot the 
Little Heath, near the site of Woodville. 

GALLOWS PIT. One of the Galluw. Fields. 

X 



370 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

GALLOWS YARD (1821.) That part of the former Gaol in which 
public executions took place. It was a court off Saint Mary 
Street, about opposite the London and Provincial Bank. In 
older records the place is called the Gall House (1715.) 

GARDD-Y-CRUG, " Carthcreke" (the hillock garden.) A garden in 
the lordship of Whitchurch, scheduled in 1492. 

Gx\RTH, The. (The round, untilled hill-top.) A round, bare 
mountain at the entrance to the Faff Vale, on the river's right 
bank, eight miles north-west from Cardiff and chiefly in the 
parish of Pentyrch. 

GARTH COURT (1S78.) 

GASCOIN. Mr. Corbett marks with this name a small piece of land 
south of Portmanmoor and just south-west of the Tharsis 
Copper Works, on the shore of the East Moors. 

GELLI, Y (the grove.) A farm in the cliapelry of Whitchurch. 

GELLI-GRON, Y (the round grove.) A piece of land in the parish 
of Llantrisant (1655.) 

GILFACH-WEN, Y (the white nook.) A tenement in the parish of 
Saint Pagan (r. 1070.] 

GLAMORGAN. Welsh Givlad Morgan, or Gu'ladforgaii (the land of 
Morgan.) Anciently a Cambro-British princedom extending 
from Neath eastward to Usk ; now one of the Welsh counties, 
lying between the shires of Carmarthen, Brecknock and 
Monmouth. The name is traditionally ascribed to Morgan, a 
prince of this territory, who was a kinsman of King Arthur. 

GLAN-ELY (recte Glaii Elai,) "the bank of the Ely river." A house 
and grounds a little to the west of Ely and f~airwater. 

GLAN-Y-NANT (the bank of the brook.) A house on a little stream 
near Fairwater (1SS5.) 

GLAN-YR-AFON (the bank of the river.) A house near the right 
bank of the Taff, in the parish of Radj-r. 

GLASSPOOL, " Glaspole " (probably from Welsh pzvll glas, green 
pool.) Another name for the little manor of Plas-Turton (143S.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 371 

GLOUCESTER, The Honour of. The superior Norman lordship 
palatine which included the old native principalities of Gwent 
and Morganwg. Though for a long period it was held by one 
lord, the Honour was afterwards divided among two and more 
marcher lords ; of whom the Lord of Glamorgan held Cardiff 
Castle and the manors which were subject to it. 

GLYN, Y (the valley.) A piece of land in the lordship of Pentyrch 
(1492.) 

GLYN-TAF (the vale of the TatT. ) The narrow mouth of the river's 
valley, in the parish of Eglwysilan. The forest or uncultivated 
portion of this valley was in 1307 appurtenant to the lordship 
of Llantrisant. 

GOBBINS' MILL. A grist mill m the parish of Pentyrch in the 
bedelry of Miscyn (1547.) 

GOCKET, Cocket, The; "Gockid." A tenement in Pentyrch (r. 1670, 
1763.) This name is found also in Monmouthshire and West 
Herefordshire, and near .Swansea. 

GOETRE, Y ; "Goytre" (the habitation in the wood.) A tenement in 
the parish of Radyr and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 

GOFER-Y-MARCHOG (the rivulet of the knight.) A piece of land 
near Pont-Lleici, in the parish of Roath and manor of Roath- 
Keynsham (1702.) 

GOLATE. A lane leading from Saint Mary Street westward down 
the left bank of the old bed of the river TafT to Westgate 
Street. It was sometimes called the Golly Gate (1786), 
and the Goleet. The name is a variant of Gully-yat, i.e., 
gully passage, in allusion to a stream which ran down here 
into the TafT. There is a certain historical interest in the 
popular but erroneous derivation wliich attributed the name to 
the fact that this lane afforded an opportunity to procrastinating 
mariners to "go late" aboard their vessels as these swung 
down the river from the Quay. It is called Golate in a 
document of 173S, the Gall Gate 1748, Gollyate and Gollgate 
in 1750, GuUate 1779, and "The Goo-late" from 1840 to 1850. 

GOLDENHOOK, " Gouldenhoke," Great and Little. Two pieces of 
pasture land measuring twelve and eleven acres respectively, 
in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 



372 CARniFF RECORDS. 

GOLDEN LION COURT. A part of Barry Lane, adjoining the 
Golden Lion inn (iSSo.) 

GOLDSLAND. Welsh Tregold. A manor held by a branch of 
Alathew of Llandaff, under the manor of Wenvoe (1583 ) 

GOOSE ACRE. A piece of pasture land in the parish of Llandaff, 
belonging to the Archdeacon and Chapter of the Cathedral 
{c. 156c.) 

GOOSELEAS, " Goslyu's." A parcel of land in the lordship of 
Roath (1542.) It is the pasture land between Roath church 
and the Deri farm. In the Roatii-Keynsham Survey of 1703 
it is called Goose Lease. 

GORSLON, The. A field of eight acres in the parish of Leckwith 
(1717-) 

GORSWG (the boggy place.) A small house in the parish of Llane- 
dern, on the west bank of the river Rhymn}', north of 
Lanrumney. 

" GOVOA," A common in the parish of Leckwith (1725.) 

GOWER. A place in the parish of Leckwith, south of the village. 

GOWT, The. A fishery in the lordship of Roath (1542.) 

GRACE'S HOUSE. This was property of the Corporation. The 
lease was lost as long ago as 173S, and from about 1750 no 
rent was paid for the premises ; but it figures in the Rentals 
down to 1S17, by whicii time the very identity of the house 
was forgotten. 

GRAIG, Y (the rock.) A farmhouse between Fairwater and St. 
Fagau's (1SS6.) 

GRAIG-FACH, Y i^the little rock.) A farm in the parish of Lisvane. 

GRANGE DE MORE, Moor Grange, or simply Grange. An ancient 
monastic tithe-barn in the parish of Llandaff", on the Moors west 
of Cardiff", which belonged to the abbot and monks of Margam 
Abbey. The old barn, which was lately a farm-house, is still 
standing and gives its name to Cardiff's south-western suburb, 
Grangetown, built in the seventies of the 19th century. The 
Grange Farm, as it is called, shews some slight remains of 
mediaeval architecture, and many fragments of Gothic window- 



SCHEIiin.K OF PLACE-NAMES. 373 

tracery lie about. This house stands, with a small market- 
garden, at the north-west corner of Stockland Street, close to 
the east side of Clive Street, Grangetown. In the memory of 
persons yet living, it was the only house between Cardiff and 
Penarth. 

GRANGETOWN. The south-western suburb of Cardiff', built on the 
West Moors between Cardiff and Penarth. So called from the 
ancient Grange which, until about the year 1870, was the only 
building in that vicmity. ( /7(/c Grange de More.) This part 
of the town lies in the parish of Llandaff. 

GREAT FRIARS' CLOSE. A f^eld at the Grey Friars (r. 1540.) 

GREAT HOSTRY, The. A burgage to which adjoined twelve acres 
of meadow in Robertscroft, within the franchise of the town of 
Cardiff (I 555.) 

GREAT WESTERN APPROACH. The wide road rising to the 
level of the departure platform of the Great Western Railway 
Station, Cardiff, frum the south end of Saint Mary Street. It 
is a private road in the possession of the Company, and was 
constructed in 1S66, after filling in the old bed of the river 
Taff. 

GREAT WESTERN LANE. A narrow thoroughfare leaduig from 
Wood Street southwards to Gieat Western Approach, parallel 
with the west side of Saint Mary Street. For its whole length 
this lane crosses the site of old Saint Mary's churchyard. 

GREEN LANIi. The name by which Broadway, Roath, was known 
until 1875. 

GREENMEADOW. A mansion in the hamlet of Tongwynlais, in the 
chapelry of Whitchurch ; the residence of Henry Lewis, esq., 
J. P. 

GREENMEADOW COURT. A secluded square court, with six- 
small houses and a walled garden, off the west side of a narrow 
lane forming the southernmost continuation of Bakers Row. 

GREENSAYS. A tenement west of Cogan. 

GREENWARD, '' Greneourde." Certain pastures in the marshlands 
of the lordship of Roath (1492, 1542 ) 



374 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

GREENWAY, " Grene\ve3^" A road forming the northern boundary 
of Pensisli Isaf, in the parisli of Llandaff (1543.) Also a 
homestead in the parish of Rumnej^ (1731.) 

GREYFRIARS. The convent of Franciscans, or mendicant friars. 
It was situate on the north side of Crocisherbtown, and its 
remains may still be seen in Lord Bute's garden, adjoining 
Cathays Park on the south. The convent was founded 1280, 
At the Suppression it was granted to the Herbert family, who 
rebuilt the house for their residence and called it " The Friars." 
It was then regarded as the mansion of a manor called 
" Kibbor and Cardiff otherwise Friars," and, more recently, 
" White Friars and Kibbor." 

GRIFFIN'S FARM. A farmhouse on Ely Common, on the north 
side of Cowbridge Road. 

GRIFFITHSMOOR. A lordship under that of Whitchurch, 
consisting mainly of the flat land along the Severn shore, 
from Cardiff to the Rhymny bridge, parcel of the possessions 
of Gruffydd ap Rhys, confiscated to the Lord of Glamorgan 
circa 1266. It is apparently identical with Pengam. The name 
occurs in 1702, but is now obsolete. 

GROES-LLWYD, Y (the grey, hoary or venerable cross.) Between 
the city of Llandaff and the hamlet of Fairwater (1592.) 

GROES-WEN, Y (the white or blessed cross.) A place in the parish 
of Radyr (170S.) 

GUILDHALL, The. Anciently called the Booth Hall. It stood in 
the middle of High Street, between the High Cross and the 
Castle Gate. After being several times rebuilt, it was finally 
demolished in 1S61. 

GWAELOD-Y-GARTH (the bottom of the round, untilled hill.) A 
farm and hamlet in tiie parish of Pentyrch, at the eastern base 
of the Garth mountain. 

GWAUN-DYLLGOED (the meadow of the holed trees.) A close 
in Llandaif parish. " Gwayne dulcoyd " (1647.) " Gwayne 
KiUgoed " (1612.) Fairwater Mead, on the south side of 
the road from Llandaff to Fairwater. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 375 

GWAUN-FP:IBI0N-Si6n, " Gwayne Veibon Shone" (the meadow 

of the sons of Joan.) A tenement in the parish of Pentyrch 

and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 
GWAUN-GALED (the hard meadow.) Near Llanishen (1653.) 
GWAUN-MAELOG, " Gwain y Mailloch " (Maeloc's mead.) A 

meadow bordering on the south-west of Pengam (1702.) Also 

described as a tenement and six acres in Roath Moor, in the 

manor of Llystalybont (1653.) 
GWAUN-SION-HYWEL (John Howel's mead.) A piece of land on 

the shore of the East Moor (1764.) 
GWAUN-SYR-HARI (Sir Henry's meadow.) Two acres in the 

parish of Llandaff belonging to the Chapter (1673.) 
GWAUN-TRE-ODA (the meadow of the habitation of Oda.) The 

Welsh name for Whitchurch Common, now inaccurately applied 

also to the old farmhouse of Treoda. 
GWAUN-Y-CEFN-COED, " Gwain-y-Kinkod " (the meadow of the 

ridge of the wood.) In the parish of Llantrisant (176L) 
GWAUN-Y-GWAYW-COCH (the meadow of the red spear.) A 

tenement holden by Sir Trevor Williams in the parish of Saint 

Fagan, manor of Pentyrch and Clun [c. 1670.) 
"GWAUN-Y-PENTRAHAND." A place on the Great Heath, on 

the boundary of Roath-Keynsham (1702.1 
GWAUN-Y-PWLL (the meadow of the pool.) In the parish of Roath 

and manor of Roath-Keynsham. It was holden with Pengam 

in 1702. 
GWELYDD-COCHION (red walls.) Nine acres of land in the 

parishes of Leckwith and Llandaff, adjoining to Canton 

Common. A will of 1712 refers to it as " Gwynith Cochen." 

Mr. J. S. Corbett's map shews " Gwynydd Cochion" as lying 

between Canton Common and Rusham. 
GWELYDD-GWYNION (white walls.) A piece of land at Canton, 

on the south side of Cowbridge Road, near the Commons 

of Ely and Leckwith. 



376 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

GWENT. An ancient Cambro-British kingdom in South Wales, 
adjoining Glamorgan on the east and separated from it b}' the 
river Rhymny. At various times and according to different 
computations, the dividing river has been stated to be the Taff, 
the Rhymny, the Usk and the Afon-llwyd ; but these 
discrepancies may be accounted for on the supposition that the 
territory named Gwentlhvg (which was bounded by the Taff 
or the Rhymny on the west and the Usk or the Afon-llwyd on 
the east) was not a portion of the kingdom of Gwent but of 
Glamorgan — in whicli case the Usk or the Afon-llwyd would 
be the western boundary uf Gwent proper. Gwent was 
anciently considered as extending eastward to the bridge of 
Gloucester. In its modern signification, Gwent is the county 
of Monmouth and so lies between the rivers Rhymn}' and 
W'ye. (Jldc Monmouthshire.) Gwent was a part of the 
territory of tlie Silures, who offered such a long resistance to 
the force of imperial Rome ; and in the early middle ages it 
was regarded as forming a portion of the Welsh kingdom ot 
Morganwg — but there is very great confusion in the 
nomenclature of this region. 

GWENTLLWG. A Hundred and lordship in south-west Monmouth- 
shire, lying along the Severn shore from the Usk westward to 
the Rh^-mn}'. Anciently it was sometimes considered as 
extending to the Taff, and was held under the Lord of 
Glamorgan and Morganwg. The derivation of both halves of 
the name is as ^-et unknown.' 

GWERN-GWLADYS (the alder-trees of Gladys.) A tenement in 
Pentyrch (r. 1670.) 

GWERN-LLEWELYN-GOCH ^the alder-trees of Llewelyn the red- 
haired.) A parcel of ground in the parish of Llanishen 
(I5S3-) 

HAMS, Hames, The. Certain pasture lands just north of Cardiff". 

HANER-CNAP (the half knob.) Half an acre at Canton (1713.) 

HANER-FACH (the little half-acre.) A f^eld in Canton (17 13.) 

' The names Morganwg, Gwentlhvg, Esyliwg, Gwehelug &c. show that the suffix 
-wg meant a territory. 




R. \rii Pm I \ u u L 




RoATH Park. — T 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 377 

" HANNEREG, The." (? Haner-erw, half-acre, or Haacr-ddrg, half- 
ten.) Aclo.se in the city of Llandaff ( i 755.) 

HARP-ACRE (the harp-shaped piece of land.) A meadow in the 
lordship of Leckwith (1492.) 

HAYES, The ; " le heys."' A part of tlie town near the east wall. 
To describe it in terms of the present day, it is a street 
running from suutli to north, from the north end of Bute Street 
to the Free Library. In 1550 — 1610 the Hayes (as its name 
implies) was open ground, largely consisting of gardens, with 
small detached tenements interspersed ; yet it lay within the 
town wall. The name was applied particularly to one cottage 
and piece of ground (1S17), approach to which was by a 
footpath and a stone stile (1820.) The Hays Close is named in 
a document of 17S6. These premises were situate about where 
is now the Batchelor statue. 

HAYES STILE, Tiie. This figures as a gate at the north end of the 
Hayes, between it and Working Street, in Speed's map of 
1 6 10. The name was afterwards borne by a house and garden 
which stood here (1S29.) 

HAYWARD'S PLOT, The. A meadow m the lordship of Roath, 
named in a Minister's Account of 1492. It belonged to the 
office of Prevost of Cardiff". 

H.'VYVVOOD. A piece of pasture land in the lordship of Llantrisant 
(1307.) 

HEATH, The; or CardifT Heath. A wide tract of once uncultivated 
land lying immediately north of Cardiff. It is divided into 
two portions, called in English the Great Heath, and the Little 
Heath, the latter lying nearest the town. The entire Heath 
extends from the boundary of Saint John's parish northward 
to the foot of Cefn-on. Common rights in the Heath were 
granted in ancient times to the burgesses of Cardiff, but 
were gradually extinguished until, early in the 19th century, 
the whole remainder of the common land was divided among 
private owners by the Enclosure Awards of 1S02 and 1S09. 
A large share fell to the Corporation, but was eventually sold. 
The Heath Farm lands, close to the old Race Course, were 



378 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

sold in 1849, to raise funds for building a new Town Hall. 
The remainder was disposed of circa 1863, to obtain the 
purchase-money for the new Cemetery. On the north of 
Ton-yr-ywen, the Heath may be seen in its original state, 
clad in gorse, fern and moss. 

HEATH, THE GREAT, but in Welsh Mynydd Bychau ("the Little 
Heath."') A wide tract of once uncultivated land lying to the 
north of Cardiff. The English name distinguishes it from the 
Little Heath, in Welsh ]]^<utn Ddyfal ("the waste mead,") 
which lies between the Great Heath and the town. The Great 
Heath was divided under the Enclosure Award of 1S09, the 
Corporation of Cardiff receiving a large share in fee, which 
they sold to various persons between 1S09 and 1849. The 
name Myn^-dd Bychan is particularly that of a small farm three 
miles north north-west of Cardiff, on the east side of the 
road to Cefn-on. 

HEATH, THE LITTLE. In Welsh IVaun Ddyfal ("the waste 
mead.") A tract of land, mostly pasture, lying immediately 
north of Cardiff. The English name distinguishes it from the 
Great Heath, in Welsh Mynydd Bychan ("the Little Heath,") 
which extends further to the north. Sold to various persons, 
1803— 1S35. 

HEATH LANDS. A house near Maendy and Mynachdy, on the 
North Road. 

HEAVES, The. Certain marshes, part of Cardiff Moor (1649.) 

HENDRE (the old homestead.) A house m the city of Llandaff, on 
the soutii side of the street leading to Radyr. This interesting 
Welsh word denotes the permanent country-house, as opposed 
to the Hafoty (Havotty) or summer house; which last was a 
mere shieling among the hills, inhabited only during the warm 
months while the cattle were being pastured. The name 
Hciidre is also borne by a pasture containing 45 acres, held by 
a free tenant in the lordship of Roath (1542.) Prior to the 
Dissolution, it belonged to Margam Abbey. 

HENDRE-DENY (the old habitation of Denis.) A hamlet m the 
parish of Eglwysilan (^1793.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 



379 



HEN MEADOWS, The. Marked on Mr. Corbett's map as situate 
close to the south side of the G.W.R., north-west of the 
Dumballs. 

HEOL-COSTIN, " Hewl y Coston " (Costin's lane.) In the parish 

of Lavernock (1726.) 
HEOL-DON (the lane to the layland.) A house in the parish of 

Whitchurch, on the west of Velindre fiS86.) 
HKOL-GOED (the lane of the wood.) Running north and south on 

Cardiff Heath (1653.) 
HEOL-HIR (the long lane.) In the parish of Llanishen (1653, 1756.) 

Also a farm in the manor of and near Llystalybont (iSiS.) 
HEOL-HOISCYN (Hoskin's lane.) In the manor of Llystalybont, 

on the western slope of the Cefn-coed (1653.) 
HEOL-ISAF (lower lane.) A house near the right bank of the Taff, 

in the parish of Radyr. 
HEOL-RHIW'R-CYRPH (the lane at the slope of the corpses.) In 

the parish of Whitchurch (1605. J 
HEOL-WILYM ^William's lane.) A place in or near the parish of 

Llanishen (15S3.) 
HEOL-Y-CAWL. The Welsh name for Wharton Street. It means 

" Crock-herb Street," or " Worten Street." It occurs, as the 

only name for Wharton Street, in a conveyance of 1830. 
HEOL-Y-CEFN-COED, Cefn-coed Lane, runs from the new 

Merthyr Road (now Albany Road) northwards across the 

Nant-mawr at Pont-Lleici and along the top of tiie ridge called 

Cefn-coed. It is now called Pen-y-lan Road till it reaches the 

summit. 
HEOL-Y-PARC (park lane.) In the parish of Pentyrch (1738.) 
HERMITAGE, The. A house and small chapel built on Cardiff 

Bridge (1492.) The hermit had charge of the bridge, and was 

supported, as was the bridge chapel, by the pious alms of the 

people and by various grants from the lord. A burgage called 

the Hermitage, at Cardiff Bridge, is mentioned in a document 

of 1542. 
HEYN, The. A place in the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff ( i 535.) 



38o CARDIFF RECORDS. 

" HIEN TOR '" (possibly Hcn-dwr, the old tower.) A place in the fee 
of Llystalx'bont, and west of Dobbinpits, referred to in a 
private charter of 1326. 

HIGH CORNER HOUSE A seventeenth-century tenement with 
two overhanging stories, situate at the north-west corner of 
Duke Street, where a short lane led up to the Castle entrance. 
It was the office of Lord Bute's .Solicitor, Mr. Edward Priest 
Richards, and was demolished 1S77. Roberts' draper's shop 
occupies the adjacent site. 

HIGH CROSS, The. The cross-ways at the meeting of High Street, 
Saint Marv Street, Church .Street and Quay .Street (179S.) 
The site of the ancient Market Cross of the borough. 

HIGHLANDS. A dwelling-house above Cogan Pill, in the parish of 
Llandough. 

HIGH MEAD. A house and grounds on the west side of the road 
from Ely towards Cowbridge. 

HIGH STREEr. The main thoroughfare in the northern part of the 
old town of Cardiff, forming a northward continuation of Saint 
Mary Street, to the Castle gate. It is first mentioned, under 
its Latin form alta strata, in the municipal charter o{ circa 1331. 

HILL-UCHAF, and Hill-isaf (?the upper and lower hills.) Places in 
the manor of Spital in the lordship of Roath, near the Roath 
Road (1666.) 

HOLLYBUSH. An interesting 16th-century farmhouse, with 
thatched roof and chimney-stacks of curious shape, near the 
west side of Roath Park, and a little east of the Heath Farm. 

HOLMEAD, llolemead. Great and Little. Two meadows in the 
lordship of Roath (1492.) Mr. Corbett marks Great Holmead 
as lying in Roath Moor, on tlie south-east of the G.W.R., 
adjoining Brundon Lands on the north ; with a smaller 
Holmead adjoining it on the south-east corner. 

HOLMS, The. Two small islands in the Bristol Channel, named 
respectively the Flat Holm and the Steep Holm. 

HORSE-FAIR, The. The land immediately outside the South Gate 
{c. 1820.) 

HUNGRY HILL, in or near Llandatf ( 1 535.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 381 

ISLAND, The. A name given to the middle row in .Smith Street 

(1849.) Also a piece of pasture-land for sheep, in the Severn 

marshes in the lordship of Roath (1492.) Mr. Corbett's map 

shews this as the land between Newport Road and Richards 

Terrace, with Stacey Road running across the middle of it. 
ISLWYN (below the bush.) A tenement in the parish of Leckvvith, 

between the village and the river Ely. 
JOHN SAUNDERS' HOUSE, " Sauners House." In 1803 a 

messuage bearing this name was property of the Corporation, 

who sold the materials of it in 1823. 
JONES' PILL. Mr. Corbett's map gives this name to a tidal inlet on 

the shore of Portmanmoor. 
" KAE BIMSALLOG." A close in the parish of Lisvane (1597.) 
" KAE Y GOBOYE." A close in the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff 

(1535) 
" KAE-YR-GAYLL." A meadow near the Wattrell, on the highway 

from Llandaff to Plas-mawr, belonging to the Treasurer's 

Manor of Llandaff (1649.) 
" KAE-YR-GWYFILL-Y-WAYN-ADAM " (?Gwyrfil's' close in 

Adam's mead.) Land at Cefn-coed in the parish of Llanedern 

and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 
" KAE-YR-OVEN " (perhaps Cae-yr-ofn, the close of fear ; but more 

likely Cae yr-neii, the lamb"s close.) A close of arable land in 

the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff (1649.) 
" KAYBARRY." Certain lands in Cibwr referred to in a Minister's 

Account of 1492. In a record of 1550 these seem to be 

referred to under the name " Keynerrey.'' 
" KEGDWOW" (i Cacau diioii, the black closes.) Lands in the parish 

of Roath and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 
KENNEL, The. A piece of land on the north side of VVhitmoor 

Lane. It was also called Southgate Field (1S22.) 



Gwyrfil is an old Welsh female name. 



382 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

KETCHCROFT, Casecroft. A big piece of pasture land close to the 
east side of Pengam liouse (1900.) It is named Catch Croft 
in a document of 1809. i\Ir. Corbett marks as " Kechcroft or 
Casecroft" a piece of land on the Rli3'mny river's right bank, 
north-east of Pengam farmhouse. 

KETTLE COURT. Off the north side of Barry Lane, parallel with 
the Hayes. Demolished cum iSqq. 

KING .STREET. A thoroughfare in the eastern part of the town, 
between Duke Street and the East Gate. It ran from east to 
west, parallel with Smith Street, on the south side of the 
latter. 

KING'S CASTLE. An ancient and very solidly-constructed house in 
the hamlet of Canton, on the north side of the Cowbridge Road. 
(1710, 1796, 1823.) The name and origin of the place are 
involved in obscurity. It had a garden between it and the 
road, and was demolished 1892 to make way for the Davies 
Memorial Hall. Little King's Castle was an old tenement on 
the north side of the Cowbridge Road, further west than the 
King's Castle, at the corner of King's Road, where the King's 
Castle Hotel now stands. This inn, lately rebuilt, was known 
as the King's Castle public-house in 1866. 

KNAP, The. An alternative name for xVllen's Bank, according to an 
Allotment Map of Cardiff Heath, of the commencement of the 
19th century. Welsh oiap, a " knob " or tump. 

KNOCKER'S HOLE. A tenement situated at the south-east corner 
of Barry Lane (1715, 1777, 1786, 181 5.) It was a small two- 
roomed dwelling-house facing north, with a walled garden in 
front. In 1821 it was in tenure of Alderman Thomas Mathews. 
Demolished 1900. 

KYMIN, The ; recte Cyniyn (the common.) The low land sloping to 
the shore at the beach, west of Penarth Head (1730.) A hill 
near Monmouth bears the same name. 

KYTTE, The. Certain land which was demised with the Severn 
marshes within the lordship of Roath (Minister's Account, 
1492.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 383 

LAMBY MOOR. The marshy land on the east side of the Rhymny 
estuary. 

LANCROSS (?the long cross.) A place in the parish of Rumney 
(I73'-) 

LANCROSS WOOD. In the parish of Leckwith, south of the 
village. 

LAN DM E AD, qua-ir Longmead ? Two acres of meadow at Adams- 
down, named in a Minister's Account of 1492, and then lately 
occupied by the Gatekeeper of CardifT Castle. 

LANDORE COURT. On the west side of Saint Mary Street, 
between Golate and the Queen's Hotel. Sometimes called 
" Irish Row.'" It was demolished circa 18S9. 

LANGBY (Danish for " long village.") A place in or near the 
lordship of Rumney, referred to in a Minister's Account of 
1402. 

"LANRUMNEY," recte daitrhvtnnv (the bank of the Rhymny.) A 
manor in the parishes of Rumney and Saint Mellon in 
Monmouthshire, and Llanedern, Glamorgan (1653.) It is also 
called the manor of " Wentloog alias Keynsham." Lanrumney 
(often sounded Landrumney) is also the name of the mansion, 
which is on the river's bank in the parish of Saint Mellon. 

LAVERNOCK (in Welsh Llainvcr:iog. the church by the alder-trees ; 
or, perhaps, Llanfrynach, the church of Saint Brynach.) A 
village and parish on the coast of the Vale of Glamorgan, just 
west from Penarth. 

LAZARHOUSE, Lazarus or Leper-house, The (Latin Doiniis 
LcfirosiDn.) A hospital situate within the liberties of Cardiff 
borough (1550.) Probably the Spital. 

LECKWITH. }' LIccInvcdd (the slope.) A village and parish 
three miles west of Cardiff, in the Hundred of Dinas Powys. 
It gives its name to the Leckwith Hills, a picturesque, wooded 
range extending from Caerau southwards and terminating with 
Penarth Head. The Manor of Leckwith has always belonged 
to the Lord of Cardiff. The name occurs towards the end of 
the 1 2th century as that of a chapelry. 



384 CA!<I)IFF RECORDS. 

LECKWITH BOTTOM. The flat land between Cock Hill and the 
river EI3'. 

LECKWITH TOP. A hill just south of the village. 

LEWIS STREET. This name was given to the northern portion of 
Bute Street, when first constructed cin-a 1S35 ; but is now 
seldom used, the term Bute Street being applied to the entire 
length of Cardiff's principal southern thoroughfare, from the 
Hayes to the Pier Head. 

LINCHES, The. A piece of land on Pengam Moor (1S09.) Mr. 
Corbett marks this on his map as a series of plots of land just 
above ordinary high-water mark, on the East Moors, and as 
being the lowest marsh on this shore. 

LLSVANE, Llys-faoi (stone court.) A village and parish in the 
Hundred of Cibwr, five miles north from Cardiff. It was 
anciently a chapelry of Roath-Tewkesbur}'. 

LITTLE BRIDEWELL, Little Bridgewell. The Archivist has not 
been able to fix the locality which bore this name. It seems 
to have been east of Cathays garden. The name occurs from 
173S to 17S6. 

LITTLECROFT. 2^ acres of land in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 

LITTLEHAM. Two parcels of land by the New Mill pond and the 
Grey Friars, within the liberties of the town of Cardiff (1492.) 

LITTLEHILL, " Litelhull." In the lordship of Cogan (1492.J 

LITTLE PARK. An earlier name for the Cardiff Arms Park (18S6.) 

LITTLE TREDEGAR. A tenement near Roath parish church 
( 1 S09. ) 

LITTLE TROY. A garden on the west side of Working Street, on 
part of the site of the Free Library buildings. Its name was 
afterwards applied to a group of small tenements there erected 
(173S-1S35.) So called after a maze or "Troy Town" which 
stood in the Trinity Garden and belonged to Saint John's 
church. 




\ II w^ North End of Wild G. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 385 

LLANDAFF. Welsh Llandaf (the church on the Taff.) The 
ecclesiastical capital of the ancient kingdoms of Glamorgan, 
Gwent and Ergyng. A cathedral city, a parish, a manor, a 
commote and a diocese. The city is about two miles north- 
west of Cardiff; the parish adjoins that of Saint Mary, Cardiff; 
the manor was anciently a marcher lordship, with a castle, 
held by the Bishop ; the commote is divided from that of 
Cibwr by the river Taff on the east ; the diocese comprises, 
practicall}', Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. The ecclesiastical 
traditions of Llandaff go back to the earliest days of the British 
Church ; but as a fixed see it owes its origin to Saint Teilo, its 
greatest bishop, who died 566.' The city is now joined to the 
town of Cardiflfby a chain of dwellinghouses. 

LLANDAFF, THE TREASURER'S MANOR OF. This comprises 
lands which from ancient times have belonged to the Treasurer 
for the time being of the Cathedral. The mansion, known as 
the Treasurer's House, stood near the Cathedral and the 
Bishop's Castle. Its ruins still remain. In 1291 the manor 
contained 32 acres. 

LLANDAFF COMMON. The lands on the south of Pensisli Isaf, 
near Ely and Canton (1543.) 

LLANDAFF COURT. The ancient mansion of the family of Mathew 
of Llandaff, formerly called Bryn-y-gynen, and now the palace 
of the Bishop of Llandaff. 

LLANDAFF FIELDS. The meadows lying between Llandaff Cathe- 
dral and the Canton streets near Pont-Canna. These fields are 
the lands composing the most ancient grants to the see of 
Llandaff. They were lately conveyed b}' the ecclesiastical 
authorities to the Corporation of Cardiff as a public park. 

LLANDAFF FORD. Welsh Rhyd Llandaf. Across the river Taff 
just south of Llandaff Bridge. At the end of the iSth century 
the river's banks at this place were steepened, to render the 
ford impassable and so increase the bridge-toll. 

^ The Editor may be permitted to refer the reader to iiis brochure "The Life and 
Memorials of Saint Teilo " (Preston, 1893), for a brief summary of particulars relative 
to this important character in local history. 

y 



386 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

LLANDAFF GREEN. A large square or grassy space in the city of 
Llandaff, on the west side of the Cathedral. 

LLANDAFF HOUSE. A large old mansion in the city of Llandaff, 
at the north-east corner of the road to Saint Fagan's. 

LLANDAFF YARD. A portion of the parish of Llandaff lying on 
the left or east bank of the river Taff. 

LLANDOUGH, rectc Llandoch. (The church of Saint Docheu, or 
Oudoceus, the third Bishop of Llandaff.) A village, parish and 
manor in the Hundred of Dinas Powys, 2^ miles west from 
Cardiff, on the eastern slope of the Leckwith hills. It is often 
called Llandough-juxta-Penarth, to distinguish it from Llan- 
dough near Cowbridge. 

LLANEDERN' (the church of Saint Eternus.) A village and parish 
in the Hundred of Cibwr, three miles north-east from Cardiff, 
on the main Roman road. The name-saint founded here a 
choir of monks, in the 7th century. 

LLANFAIR (Saint Mary's church.) A farm in the chapelry of 
Llanilltern ; doubtless the site of a dismantled chapel. 

LLANFAIR-FACH (Little Saint Mary-church.) A tenement in the 
parish of Saint Fagan (r. 1670.) 

LLANFEDW (the church of the birch-grove.) A chapelry or town- 
ship in the parish of Llanfihangel-y-fedw. The greater part of 
this parish lies in Monmouthshire; but the chapelry is divided 
from it by the river Rhymny, and is in Glamorgan. 

LLANFORDA, - " Lambordan." An ancient chapel at Coed-y-gores, 
in the parish of Roath. It is referred to in a Minister's Account 
of 1392. It is now a cottage, called Ty'r-capel, "the chapel 
house." 

LLANGATWG (the church of Saint Cadoc.) A farm in the parish of 
Llanedern ; doubtless the site of a dismantled chapel. 



' The spellings " Ll.Tiiedeyni " and " Lianedarne " are alike erroneous ; the first 
is founded on mistaken etymology, the second a barbarism. 

- There is a place of the same name in the parish of Llangatoc-feibion-Afel, near 
Monmouth, its name is thus pronounced, though the maps spell it " Llanfawrdref," 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 387 

LLANISHEN (Llan-Nisien.) A village and parish in the Hundred of 
Cibvvr, on the right bank of the river Rhymny, four miles 
north from Cardiff. There was a large monastery of the 
ancient British Church here, presided over by Saint Nisien, or 
Isan. 

LLANMAES (tlie church in the field.) A farm in the parish of Saint 
Fagan. 

LLANTRISANT (the church of three saints.) An ancient parish and 
borough in the Hundred of Miscyn. The churcii, castle and 
town are picturesquely situate on a steep hill. The borough 
is a sister to Cardiff, and unites with her in returning a Member 
to Parliament. The church is dedicated in the names of Saints 
Illtyd, Gvvyno and Tyfodwg. The castle was destroyed by 
Owain Glyndwr in 1404, and was probably never afterwards 
rebuilt. ' 

LLAN-Y-WRAICH (1 llau y lorach, "the hag's enclosure.") A field 
on the north of Llandaff Cathedral. 

LLEST-OWEN. A tenement of lands in the parish of Llantrisant 

(1660.) 
LLOYD'S COURT. Off Camp Lane (1S21.) 
LLWYD-COED (grey wood.) Land in the parish of Llantrisant 

II547-) 
LLWYN-CELYN (HoUybush.) A farm on the Nant-mawr in the 

parish of Roath, on the eastern boundary of the manor of 

Llystalybont (1653.) 
LLWYN-CRWN (the round bush.) A free tenement in the parish of 

Llanishen and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 
LLWYN-CYNFYN, " Lloyne Convyn " (Cynfyn's bush.) A tenement 

in the parish of Pentyrch and lordship of Miscyn (1666), 

divided into Uc/ia/ and Isaf, Higher and Lower. 
LLWYN-DA-DDU, '•Lloyne Da dee" (the good, black bush.) A 

tenement in the parish of Pentyrch and lordship of Miscyn 

(1666.) 



'The key of Llantrisant Castle was found, some years ago, on clean 
well. It is now in the Editor's possession. 



388 CARniFP' RKCORDS. 

LLWYN-FWYALCH, " Lloyne Vowalch " (the blackbird's bush.) 

A tenement in the parish of Saint Fagan and lordship 

of Miscj-n (1666.) 
LLWYN-IOLE, Lhvynyoli, " Lloyn-yole." A farm in the chapelry of 

Llanilltern, in the parishes of Saint Fagan and Pentyrch 

(1568.) 

LLWYN-MALLT (Maud's bush.) A farm in Whitchurch parish 

(1886.) 
LLWYN-Y-BRAIN (the crows' bush.) A tenement in the parish 

of Pentyrch and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 
LLWYN-Y-GRANT, Lhvyn Gravvnt (Grant's bush.) The name of 

three farms, Upper, Lower and Middle, in the parish of Roath. 

Called after the surname of a Norman- Welsh family long 

extinct. 
LLWYN-Y-PIA (the pye's bush.) A piece of land between Allen's 

Bank and Pen-y-waun, two furlongs east of the northern 

boundary of the Borough (map of 1S50.) Also a farm in the 

parish of Lisvane. 
LLWYN-YR-EOS (the nightingale's bush.) A farm in the parish 

of Pentyrch. 
LLYN-FRAITH (the motley lake.) .\ place in the river Taff at 

Whitchurch ( i 760.) 
LLYS-DU (the black court.) Also called Tv-i)iaivr, Great House. 

A picturesque old house adjoining Roath church3'ard on the 

south-east, between it and Cwrt-bach, 
LLYS-TAL-Y-BONT (the court at the head of the bridge.) A 

manor, mansion and hamlet a mile north of Cardiff, on the left 

bank of the river Taff. It is now separated from the river by 

the Glamorganshire canal. The place was of very great 

importance in the 13th century and earlier. 
LONG CLOSE A meadow near Adamsdown (1542.) 
LONGCROSS. A tall stone cross erected by a man named Payn,' 

on the eastern boundary of Samt John's parish, Cardiff, 

where it touches Roath. It was anciently termed Payn's 

' Probably Sir Payii de I ui bei ville, at the begiuniiig ot the 14th century. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 389 

Cross in legal documents, and is so described in the Cardiff 
municipal charter of 1340. In later times a house called 
Longcross House was erected near the cross. It was 
demolished 1S44, to make wajf for Artillery Barracks, but a 
new house stood near in 1863. This in turn was pulled 
down r. 1880, to make room for the Glamorgan and 
Monmouthshire Infirmary. Longcross Street retains the old 
name. At the cross-ways here suicides used to be interred. 
Longcross House, cottage and garden stood where is now the 
Children's Ward of the Infirmary. There was a piece of waste 
land between it and the road to Adamsdown Farm (1835); 
which said road is now called Glossop Road and leads in a 
short distance to Longcross Street. Longcross is incorrectly 
written " Lancross " in some documents, including the Heath 
Enclosure Award of 1809. 

LONG DIKE, The. A dike for draining the moors immediately 
east of the Bute Docks, in the parish of Saint John Baptist. 
A house near there bore the same name (1844, 1857 ) 

LORD'S HENGE, The. A fishery on the sea shore in the lordship 
of Roath, between " Pulkye " on the east and the ''Weydram" 
on the south. Mentioned in the Account of 1542 as having 
been leased to Rawlyn White' by Edmund Turnor deceased, 
and theretofore belonging to the King. 

LOWER LAYER, The. A place below the town of Cardiff, referred 
to in the Glamorganshire Canal Act, 1796. 

MACKENZIE SHOAL. Between the Flat Holm and the Steep 
Holm, in the Bristol Channel. 

MAELOC'S LODERS (" Maillokes-lodirs."') Pasture land in the 
manor of Rumney, referred to in a Minister's Account of 
1402. 

MAELOG'S FEE. A tenement held in conjunction with Llystaly- 
bont and Wysam by Sir William Maelog, icmp. Hen. III. 
(1216-72.) 

• '-Rawlyn ft'ysher ' is named in the same document as the tenant of half a 
burgage in West Street. These two are the only allusions the Archivist has met with 
in the records, to the Cardiff Protestant martyr immortalised by John Foxe. 



390 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

MAENDY (corruptly Maindy,) "stone house." A farm-house and 
liamlet on the North Road, about a mile north of Cardiff, in 
the manor of Llandaff. The name probably dates from a time 
when timber or wattle houses were the only others in the 
vicinity. The bounds of the parishes of Saint John (Cardiff) 
and Whitchurch run through Maendy Farm. There is a farm 
called Maendy Bach (" Little Maendy "), a short distance south 
of the other. 

MAERDY (the steward's house.) A farm in the parish of Lisvane. 

MAES-TRE-WERN (the field of the habitation by the alder-trees.) 
A tenement in the parish of Saint Fagan (c 1670.) 

MAES-Y-BRYN (the field on the hill.) A homestead in the parish of 
Llanedern ( 1702.) 

MAES-Y-DRE (the field of the homestead.) Three quarters of land 
in the parish of Llandaff, the property of the Chapter (1609.) 

MAES-Y-FELIN (the field of the mill.) A farm in the parish of 
Lisvane. 

MAES-Y-LLECH (the field of the flat stone.) A farm a little west of 
Radyr village (1796.) 

MAES-YR-EGLWYS (the church field.) Close to Lisvane church, 
containing three acres, parcel of the manor of Llystalybont 
(1653-) 

MAES-Y-SAESOxN (the field of the Saxons.) A tenement in the 
parish of Peterston-super-Ely ( 1591 .) 

MALLOCK'S HOLD, Maelog's Fee. A small manor in the parish of 
Rumney, under the lordship of GvventUvvg. It consisted, in 
1610, of 40 acres of land and seven " covenes." 

MARGERY'S LAND. In the lordship of Roath (1492.) Mr. 
Corbett marks this as lying in three detatched portions; one 
south-east of Broadway, on the north-west side of the South 
Wales Railway ; another on the other side of the line and a 
little further north-east ; and a third further south-east, just 
north of the Splot. 

MATTHEWS' BUILDINGS. A row of small connected dwelling- 
houses in New Town (1825.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 391 

MELIN-FACH (Little Mill), also called Gibbon's Mill. A water grist- 
mill in the parish of Pentyrch and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 

MELINGRIFFITH, recte Mcliu Gntffydd (Griffith's mill.) A place 
in the Taff Vale, at the foot of the Garth, about six miles north 
of the town of Cardiff. Best known by the tin-plate works 
which long flourished here. 

MERCHES, The. A large piece of land on the West Moors, 
immediately west of the Dumballs (J.S.C.) 

MERRY HILL. A close containing forty-seven acres, on the Great 
Heath (1820.) 

"MEWESLESE." Certain pasture land in the lordship of Roath 

MIDDLE PINNAM, Pinion, or Pine-end, The. A burgage at the 
south end of the middle row in Saint Mary Street. It was the 
Vicarage of Saint Mary's parish. First found mentioned in 1542. 

MIDDLE ROW. This name was applied to isolated blocks of houses 
standing in the middle of a broad street, or rather, between 
two narrow lanes. Thus " the Middle Row to Crockherbtown " 
separated Smith Street and King Street. The principal Middle 
Row was the one in Saint Mary Street. That which separated 
Castle Street from Angel Street was the last one demolished, 
in 1S77. 

MIDDLEWEIR. A fishery in the lordship of Leckwith (1492.) 

MILKMAID'S BRIDGE, or Stone Bridge. Across the canal at the 
Hayes. Demolished 1S49. 

MILL-GATE, " Myllegate." A thoroughfare in the town of Cardiff, 
referred to in a Minister's Account of 1492. It was situate 
close to the west wall of the town, near the Castle. 

MILL-LAND f" MuUelond.") Four acres in the manor of Rumney, 
referred to in a Minister's Account of 1402. There is still a 
water-mill on the river, between Rumney and Llanedern. 

MILL LANE. The street leading from the south end of Saint Mary 
street in a north-easterly direction to the Hayes, along the 
canal. So called from the Little Steam Mill which stood on 
the north side of the lane. There was a tramway thence 
across the lane to the canal (i860.) 



392 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

MILLPARROCK, " Milleparrok." A parcel of land 13'ing between 
the two millstreams, just outside the west wall of Cardiff. It 
is mentioned in a Minister's Account of 1492. 

MILLSMEAD. Two acres of meadow in the lordship of Cogan 
(1492.) 

MILLSTREAM, The. Ran from the lord's mill, under the west wall 
of Cardift" Castle, into the river Taff. 

MILL STREET, " Mylstret." A place m or near Llandaff (i 535.) 

iMISCYN (m English spelling " Miskin",) anciently Meisgyn. A 
commote of Glamorgan, west and north of the Commote of 
Llandaff. 

MONK-STONE, The. A big rock, with a beacon, off Lavernock 
Point. It is forty feet above high-water mark. 

MONMOUTHSHIRE, a county of Wales; on the right bank of 
the Severn estuary, between Gloucestershire on the east and 
Glamorgan on the west, and Herefordshire and Brecknock- 
shire north. A Welsh name for Monmouthshire is Gzveiit 
<q.i>.), but it w'as originally applied to a wider territory, one of 
the Cambro-British kingdoms. The county town is Moninouth; 
which, though it is identified with the Roman Blestium, is 
an Anglo-Norman burgh. The Romano-British capital of the 
ancient Gwent was Caerleon, now a mere village, whose 
commercial importance has been transferred to Newport. The 
Welsh language was spoken in every parish of Monmouthshire 
down to the earl}' part of the iSth century, when it began 
to recede westward from the Wye. During the latter half of 
the 19th centur}- it finally disappeared from the parishes 
east of the river Usk, and, in this county, is now practically 
confined to the Blaenau Gwent (^the West Monmouthshire 
hills) and the district between Newport and Cardiff. The local 
dialect is the Gwenhwyseg. A subdivision of this dialect is 
the Cerniweg (^Cornish), closely akin to the extinct language of 
the county of Cornwall ; it is spoken in the neighbourhood of 
Saint Mellon's. The modern notion that Monmouthshire is no 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 393 

longer a part of Wales is a popular error', founded on the 
irrelevant fact that this county was annexed to the Oxford 
Assize Circuit in the reign of Charles II. 

" MON' PUPIT." This very curious and as yet unexplained place- 
name is given, in a Minister's Account of 1537, to a tenement 
in the lordship of Llystalybont. In a deed of 15 16 it is called 
"a builded tenement situate at Listallapont, commonly called 
Puppit." In 181 1 there was a toll-gate at Popett Lane, on the 
high road leading from Caerphilly to Bedwas bridge. 

MOOR GATE, The. The end of the road to the Cardiff Moors 
(1796.) 

MOOR HENGE, The. A fishery on the sea shore in the lordship of 
Roath (1542.) 

" MOREWLESE." A close of meadow land in the lordship of Cardiff 
and Roath, referred to in a Minister's Account of 1392. 

MORFA-BACH (the little marsh.) A close in the parish of Llandaff 
(1756.) In 1612 "the Morva Bagh by Ely, on the other side 
of the water," was ibund to be concealed land and was demised 
to Oliver Robotham. 

MORGAN'S FARM. An old thatched farmhouse in the parish of 
Penarth. 

MORGxVNSTOWN. A cluster of workmen's dwellings on the west 
side of the river Taff, south of the Garth mountain. 

MORGANWG. The Welsh name for the county of Glamorgan, and 
anciently for the united Cambro-Bntish kingdoms of Glamorgan 
and Gwent. The earliest known form is Morcantuc. The 
etymology is similar to that of Glamorgan {q.v.), and -wg is a 
frequent territorial suffix. 

MOUNT, The. An old house standing end-on to the east side of the 
Heath Road, near the VV'edal Farm. 

MUCHEL HETH (The Great Heath.) The name given to the 
Mynydd Bychan in the municipal charter of 1340. 

' It is probably cuiuiected with the curious behef that '• England takes a county 
fioin Wales every hundred years," that Monmouthshire was the last so annexed, and 
that Glamorgan will follow. As a statement of the gradual extinction of the Welsh 
language, this would be roughly correct. 



394 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

MYNACHDY (less correctly Monachty), "the monastery." An old 
farmhouse in the manor of Llandaff and chapelry of Whitchurch, 
on the site of a pre-Norman religious foundation, the history 
whereof is lost but of which a memory is preserved in the Latin 
name for Whitchurch, viz.. Album Monastcnnni, " the white 
minster." Mynachdy Bach is the name of a smaller holding, a 
thatched house with extensive out-buildings, a little west of 
Mynachdy and on the other side of the T.V. R. line. 

MYNACHLOG (the monastery.) An ancient ecclesiastical building 
the site of which is indicated by some mounds at Ely Race- 
course (1893.) The late John Storrie unearthed many Roman 
remains at this spot. 

NABBS, The. A fishery on the sea-shore in the lordship of Roath 
(1542.) 

NAILOR'S SHOP. An ancient messuage in Smith Street (1817- 
1843.) It formed part of the block known as the Middle Row 
to Crockherbtown, and seems to have been originally one of 
the smiths' shops which gave its name to Smith Street. 

NANT-CEDWYN (Cedwyn's brook.) Flows into the river Ely in 
the parish of Leckwith. 

NANT-DRAENOG (thorny brook.) A place in the parish of 
Llanedern. 

NANT-GARW (rough brook.) A hamlet in the parish of Eglwysilan, 
famous for its former manufacture of porcelain. A brook of 
this name divides the parishes of Leckwith and Caerau. 

NANT-GWAEDLYD (bloody brook.) A stream which rises in the 
Cefn range of hills, flows in a south-easterly direction through 
Whitchurch and is, apparently, lost m the Glamorganshire 
Canal at Mynachdy?. It is said, with some probability, to 
derive its name from the great battle fought between the Welsh 
and the Anglo-Normans on Cardiff Heath c. 1090. 

NANT-LLEICI (Saint Lleici's or Lucy's brook.) A name given to 
the Nant-mawr, where it flows at and near Pont-Lleici, in the 
parish of Roath (1772.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 395 

NANT-MAWR (great brook.) A stream which, rising in the Cefn 
range, flows to the south-east and, joining witli the Wedal near 
Fairoak, flows past Roath church and discharges into the river 
Rhymny near the right bank of the latter's estuary. 

NANT-Y-CYMER (the brook of the confluence.) In the parish of 
Llanedern, forming a boundary of the manor of Roath- 
Keynsham (1702.) 

NANT-Y-GABAL. A brook forming a boundary of the lordship of 
Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 

NANT-Y-MYNYDD (the mountain brook.) On the northern 
boundary- of the manor of Llystalybont (1653.) 

NANT-YR-ARIAN (the brook of silver, or money.) A house on the 
south-western spur of the Garth, in the parish of Pentyrch. 
The property and country residence of iMr. J. L. VVheatley, 
Town Clerk of Cardiff. 

NANT-YR-EGLVVYS (the church brook.) In the manor of Llystaly- 
bont, near Llanishen (1653.) 

NEKE, The (? neck or nook.) A fishery-place in the lordship of 
Cogan (1492.) 

NETHER FURLONG. Twenty-three acres in the lordship of Whit- 
church (1492.) 

NETHERHAM, " Nitherham." A place near Dobbinpits (1319.) 
NEWCROFT. 12I acres of land in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 
NEW DITCH, "Newediche." A dike in the Sea Land, in the lordship 

of Rumney, referred to in a Minister's Account of 1402. 
NEWMEAD. Four acres of pasture in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 
NEW MILL. A fulling-miU within the liberties of the town of 

Cardiff (1492.) 
NEW PATCH, The. A bank in the Bristol Channel, west of the 

Flat Holm. 
NEWPORF ROAD. The principal eastern outlet from Cardiff, 

running through the parish of Roath, and across the river 



396 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Rhymny to Newport, Monmouthshire. It is practically iden- 
tical with the corresponding portion of the Via Julia [q-V-)^ 

NEWTON. A so-called "commote" in the manor of Rumney (1729.) 

NEW TOWN. The immediate soutli-eastern suburb of Cardiff, 
constructed circa 1830. It lies south of Bridge Street and east 
of Lewis Street. 

NEW-WALL. A place in the lordship of Roath, mentioned in a 
Minister's Account of 1492. 

NEW-WEIR, " La Niwere." A weir which formed one of the boun- 
daries of Cogan Moor (citrn 1290.) 

NISHTON. A farm on the eastern slope of the Leckwith hills, 
near Leckwith church. 

NORTHLANDS. A house on the North Road, near Maendy and 
Mynachdy, about a mile north of Cardiff. 

NORTH STREET. The principal outlet northwards from the centre 
of the town. It runs between Cardiff Castle on the west and 
Cathays Park on the east, but becomes the North Road on 
leaving the canal, at the site of the North Gate. The term 
"Street" is but rarely applied to this thoroughfare, though it 
occurs in the old Rate Books (1825.) It is the direct road to 
Merthyr-Tydfil. 

OLD BAKEHOUSE, The, or the Cross Bakehouse. In Saint Mary 
Street, near the Gaol and opposite tiie Workhouse ( 1 S53, 187 1.) 
In terms of the present da}- this site is adjoining the entrance 
to the Market, and opposite the Town Hall 

OLD CEMETERY, The. In Adamsdown. Opened 1S55, closed 
1877. 

OLDCROFT. Two acres of pasture, parcel of the farm of the grange 
in the lordship of Leckwith (1492.) In the Account of 1456 it 
is styled "Oldefeld," i.e., Oldfield. 

OLD GAS WORKS, The, were erected in 1829 on a part of the 
Town Wall in the Hayes. Since 1858 the "Old Gas Yard" 
has been used by the Cardiff Urban Sanitary Authority as a 
stoneyard. 

' Remains of the old, deep roadway were still visible down to c. 1880, for a short 
dibtaiice along the north side of Newport Road, a little west of Roath House. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 397 

OLD NICK'S HOUSE. A tenement situate north of Cathays, or 
"behind Catha3's " (1S17.) 

OLD SE^A LOCK. The last one on the Glamorganshire Canal, at 
the Taff estuary. 

OLD SKIN HOUSE, The. Belonged to the Corporation and was 
ordered to be sold, 1S51. Perhaps identical with the Tan- 
house. 

OLD WORKHOUSE, The. In Saint Mary Street, on the site of the 
late Post Office, now the Borough Surveyor's offices. It was 
pulled down 1S52. 

ORAMY, The. Fourteen acres of concealed land demised by the 
Chapter of Llandaff. in 1612, to Oliver Robotham. 

ORCHARDS, The ; the Orchard Ledges. A reef off Cardiff Docks, 
east of the Roath Basin. 

ORCHARD STREET. Led from the South Gate north-westward to 
the North Gate, along the outer bank of the Town Ditch. Its 
site was taken b}- the Glamorganshire Canal Company in 
1S03, when the moat was converted into a canal. It is named 
in a Minister's Account of 1493. 

OUR LADY'S SERVICE. This name is given to a garden near 
Saint John's church, in a Minister's Account of 1542. It was 
so called because its rent went to maintain a daily celebration 
of the Mass and Oflice of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the parish 
church. 

OVERHAM. A place near Llystalybont (1319.) 

OVER LAYLAND, " Overleilond " (the upper fallow land.) Ten 

acres held in villenage, in the lordship of Cogan ^1492.) 
PANDY (the fulling-mill.) A homestead in the parish of Rumney 

(1731-) 
PANT- BACH (little hollow.) A tenement in Whitchurch, on the 

west side of the road to Rhyd-waedlyd (1733.) 
PANTEG (fair hollow.) A farm in the parish of Lisvane. 
PANT-GLAS (blue, grey or green hollow.) A farm in the parish of 

Llanedern. 



398 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

PANT-MAVVR (great hollow.) A messuage and lands in Whitchurch 

(I 70S.) 
PANT-Y-CORED (the hollow of the weir.) A tenement in the 

parish of Pentyrch (1550.) 
"PANT-Y-CRAPPULL." A tenement parcel of the Treasurer's 

Manor of LlandafiF (1535, 161 2.) 
PANT-Y-GWYNDON (the hollow of the white leyland.) A tenement 

in the parish of Pentyrch and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 
PANT-Y-MAKL (the hollow of the marl.) A place in the chapelry of 

Whitchurch. 
PANT-YR-YSGAWEN (the hollow of the elder-tree.) A farm in the 

parish of Llanishen. 
PANT-YSCOFAN. A farm in the parish of Llanishen. 
PARADISE PLACE. A narrow street off the south side of Crock- 

herbtown, parallel with the west side of Charles Street (1850.) 
PARC. A piece of land in the parish of Radyr (172S.) Another in 

the parish of Llanishen, on which stands a modern house 

bearing the same name. 
PARC-COED-MARCHAN, "Coed marchall." A tenement of en- 
closed land, with a deer-park, in the barton of Pentyrch, held 

with Castell-y-myneich (156S, c. 1670.) 
PARC-Y-GOFER (the park of the rivulet.) A tenement in the parish 

of Saint Fagan and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 
PARISH, The. An old name for the southern portion of Saint Mary 

Street. 
'PARKE Y BAY" [? Pair y bacdd, the boar's enclosure.) A 

tenement in the parish of Saint Fagan and lordship of 

Miscyn (^1666.) 
PATCH, The. A sand-bank off the entrance to Penarth Dock. 
PAVEMENT STREET. In the city of LlandafT, leading from the 

Green and Bridge Street to Llandaff House and the Saint 

Fagan's Road. 
PAYN'S CROSS. Later called Longcross. A tall stone cross 

erected on the eastern boundary of the liberties of Cardiff, 

probably by Paganus or Payn de Turberville (c. 1310.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 399 

PEDAIR-ERW-SANT-FFAGAN (the four acres of Saint Fagan.) 
In the parish of Llandaff ( i 709.) 

PEDAIR-ERW-TWC (the tuck four-acres.) A tenement in the 
manor of Roath-Keynsham, named in the Survey of 1703. It 
consisted of a messuage and land between Roath and 
Llanishen, on the west side of the Nant-mawr, and belonged 
to Pengam. The house has been demolished. 

PEDWAR-ERW-Y-DRAIN-UUON (the four acres of the black 
thorns.) Land on the Splot (1764.) 

PENARTH (the end of the Garth.) A bold headland forming the 
southern termination of the Leckwith hills and projecting into 
the Bristol Channel, three miles west of Cardiff. Also a 
village (now a populous seaside town,) manor and parish on the 
headland. 

PENARTH, LOWER. A homestead near the cliffs to the west of 
Penarth. 

PENARTH ROAD leads from the south end of Samt Mary Street 
westwards across the flat land to Cogan Pill. It is the last 
road in Wales to have a toll-gate in operation. 

PENCOED (the head of the wood.) A place in the chapelry of 
Llanilltern. 

PEN-DWY-ALLT (the head of two woody heights.) A house in the 
parish of Whitchurch, on the east side of the North Road. 

PEN-DYWYLL, " Pendowallt " (the dark hill.) Lands in Whitchurch 
(1712.) 

PENGAM (accentuated on the first syllable, with the ng sounded as in 
"singer.") An old farmstead on the Severn shore, in the parish 
of Roath, a mile and a half east from Cardiff. It is apparently 
identical with the ancient Griffithsmoor (1694.) 

PEN-HEOL-LLEWELYN-MAERWR (the end of the lane of 
Llewelyn the dairyman.) A highway leading to Llanishen 
church, on the northern boundary of the manor of Llystalybont 
(1653.) 

PENHEVED. A farm in the parish of Saint Fagan. 



40O CARDIFF RECORI^S. 

PEN HILL. A freehold tenement consisting of a large messuage and 
lands in tlie manor of Llandaff and hamlet of Canton. The 
house stands just within the borough of Cardiff, on the corner 
of Llandaff Road and Pensisli Lane. The name "Penhyll" 
occurs in 1535. 

PENLLWYiN (the head of the bush.) A farm in the parish of 
Pentyrch. 

PENPENTRE (the end of the village street.) A dwellinghouse in 
the parish of Llandaff. 

" PENRETH." Some place whicli cannot now be identified, within 
the diocese of Llandaff, to which John Bird was appointed as 
suffragan to the Bishop of Llandaff" in 1534, by the title 
" Bishop of Penreth." Perhaps Penarth, but more probably 
Penrhys in the Rhondda Valley. 

PEN-RHIW-MYNEICH (the end of the slope of the monks.) A 
tenement in the lordship of Miscyn, apparently held with 
Castell-y-myneich in the parish of Pentyrch (1666.) 

PENSARN (the head of the causeway.) A hamlet in the parish of 
Rumney, east of the village, and not far south of the Roman 
road. 

PENSISLI, "Pencisley" (Cecily's hill.) A farm in the chapelry of 
Ely, on the northern boundary of Cardiff" borough. In 1543 
it belonged to Mathew of Llandaff, and was divided into 
Upper and Lower " Pencysle." In i6[2 it was found to be 
"concealed land," i.e., to have been granted to the Church 
before the Reformation and illegally claimed as their freehold 
by its present holders. It was thereupon demised to Oliver 
Robotham. 

PENSYLVANIA. A wood to the west of Coed-y-gores, in the parish 
of Llanedern. 

PENTREBAEN (Payn's village.) A farm in the parish of Saint 
Pagan (1829.) 

PENTWYN (the end of the tump.) A homestead in the chapelry of 
Whitchurch, near Tongwynlas, a little east of the Merthyr 
road. This is one of the commonest place-names in Wales. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 401 

PENTYRCH (?the headland of the boars.) A manor and parish 
seven miles north-west from Cardiff, on the southern side of the 
Garth. It is the nearest thoroughly Welsh-speaking parish to 
Cardiff.' This is equated by several place-names in England; 
such as Pentrich in Derbyshire, and Penkridge in Stafford- 
shire. 

PEN-Y-BONT (the head of the bridge.) A house near the west bank 
of the river Taff, on the south side of the road from Llandaff to 
Radyr (1840.) 

PEN-Y-GARN (the end of the rocky eminence.) A hill and hamlet 
in the parish of Pentyrch (i745-) 

PEN-Y-GROES (the head of the cross.) A tenement in Llanedern 
(1765.) 

PEN-Y-LAN (the end of the height.) A gentle eminence to the 
north-eaft of Cardiff, lying in the parish of Roath. It is the 
south-eastern spur of the Cefn-coed. The name is applied 
particularly to a house and land, near the summit, belonging to 
Mr. Fedele Primavesi. Also " Penylond," four acres in the 
lordship of Cogan (1492.) 

"PENYLAUNETTS RASEWORTH." A free tenement in the 
parish of Roath and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 

PEN-Y-PIL (the head of the inlet.) A farm in the parish of Rumney. 

PEN-YR-HEOL (the end of the lane.) Land in the parish of 
Llanedern and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702, 1731.) The 
farmhouse lies north of the village of Rumney, on the west 
side of the road to Newport. 

PEN-Y-RHIVV (the head of the slope.) The top of the old lane in 
the city of Llandaff, leading from the Castle down to the 
Cathedral. 

PEN-Y-WAUN (the end of the meadow.) A piece of land at the 
bottom of the lane (Pen-y-waun Road) which leads up the hill 
from Roath Park to the main entrance to the Cemetery. 
It is mentioned as a farm in Roath parish, by the Heath 

1 Pentyrch parish in 1895 contained not a single English place of worship. There 
was only a mixed service at the church on Sundays, and an English serinuu in the 
week once a fortnight. 



402 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Enclosure Award of 1S09. North of it stood Ci'ndda-bach, 
an old thatched cottage, which was blown down one stornn- 
night in 1S95. 

PETTY CALLIS, Pety Callys, Petty Callice [Petit Calais, Little 
Calais.) An acre of land in the parish of Llandaff, belonging 
to the Chapter of Llandaff (1604.) From a document of 1624, 
it appears to lie immediately south of Llandaff mill-pond. 

PHI LOG, Ffilog. A brook and a hamlet in the chapelry of Whit- 
church, near Gwaun-tre-Oda (iSii.) The name is applied 
particularl}' to an old thatched house on the north side of the 
highroad to Whitchurch, where a lane branches off eastwards 
to the Heath. 

PIER HEAD, The. The landing-place at the bottom of Bute Street. 
The sole remaining point at which there is public access to the 
sea within the borough of Cardiff. 

PILGOT-FAWR. A pill, reen or tidal inlet on Leckwith Moor. 

PILL. A farm in the parish of Rumney, near the Severn shore. 

PLAS-MAWR (the big mansion.) A house in the city of Llandaff 
(1722.) In 1612 it had four acres of land, and the Chapter 
demised it to Oliver Robotham as concealed land. 

PLAS-NEW'YDD (the new mansion.) A large house, constructed 
in the iSth century and surrounded by elms. Some time 
after its erection it was termed Roath Lodge, but on its being 
subsequentlj' castellated or crenellated tiie name was altered to 
Roath Castle — whence the name Castle Road. The building 
is now best known by its original name Plas-newydd. From 
the family of Mr. Edward Priest Richards this property passed 
by marriage to The Mackintosh of Mackintosh, its present 
owner, who has built many streets of small dwellinghouses on 
the land surrounding the mansion. Plas-newydd stands some 
distance south of Albany Road and east of Castle Road.^ 



' Plas-newydd was also the name of a mansion built in High Street by William 
Mathew, about the beginning of the i 7tli century. It was demolished only a few years 
later, after being extolled as the finest house in South Wales by the bard James 
Thomas. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 403 

PLAS-TURTON (Turton's mansion.') An ancient mansion, after- 
wards a farmhouse, which was the capital messuage of an 
inferior manor bearing that name, in the hamlet of Canton, on 
the right or west bank of the river Taff (1596.) Tlie farm- 
house stood on the west side of Cathedral Road, and was 
demolished 1S95. Plasturton Avenue perpetuates the name. 
One or two of the documents of the i6th century call it 
" Place Tiverton." In 1587 it was described as the "manor or 
lordship of GlaspuU alias Tiverton," and in the following 
centur}' as "Placestourton otherwise Glasspoole." 

PLAS-TURTON COTTAGE. An old house which stood by a little 
lane opposite Plas-Turton, on the east side of Cathedral Road. 

PLAS-Y-LLAN (the mansion by the church.) A house at Whitchurch, 
the residence of Ignatius Williams, esq., J. P. 

PLWCA-HALOG (the foul or defiled pleck.) A field on the northern 
boundary of the borough of Cardiff and the Little Heath, 
where now Castle and Crwys Roads meet Richmond and 
Albany Roads — at the corner of the second and third. Here 
was the ancient place of execution. There was another field of 
the same name at Whitchurch in 1605. 

PLWCA LANE, or Heol-y-pkvca was the original name of Castle 
Road, changed to the latter in 1874. It means "the road to 
the pleck." This pleck was in a deed of 181 1 described as 
"All that close of 7 acres called Phvca, parcel of the lands 
of Roath Court." 

PLYMOUTH STREET. A narrow thoroughfare off the south side 
of Crockherbtown, just outside the east wall of the town (1850.) 
So called after the Earls of Plymouth. 

PLYMOUTH WOOD. In the parish of Llandaff, between Caerau 
and Leckwith. 

" POINMER MARY BOOSH." Five acres of land in the parish of 
Leckwith (171 7.) 



' I am not aware of the facts as to the connection of the Turton family with this 
place ; but the place-name is proof that the connection existed. 



404 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

PONT-CANNA, Pont Cana (Saint Cana's' bridge.) The northern part 
of the hamlet of Canton (1702.) The bridge from which it 
takes its name was probabl)' the little rude stone one which 
here crossed the Whitehouse Brook. Both bridge and brook 
disappeared in 1896, with the old Pontcanna Cottages hard by, 
when the northern portion of Cathedral Road was completed. 

PONT-DDU (the black bridge.) A place in the parish of Llancdern, 
where a stream is crossed by the road leading from Ty-y-crwca 
to Pen-y-groes (1S40.) 

PONT-EVAN-OUINT. A stone bridge by which the Cefn-coed 
Road crosses the Nant-mawr between Fairoak and Cymdda- 
bach (1653, 1702.) 

PONT-LLEICI, " Pont-lickey" (The bridge of Saint Lleici or Lucy.) 
A small stone bridge by which the Cefn-coed Road crossed the 
Nant-mawr, in the parish of Roath. The same name was 
given to a thatched cottage close by (1705.) The cottage has 
been demolished, the course of the brook altered, the road 
widened, and the bridge replaced by a level structure of iron 
(1S95-1900.) The vcr^- name of the place is almost forgotten. 
Even the Ordnance Chart has it quite wrong, calling it 
" Pont-y-llechau " (the bridge of flat stones) — a name which it 
never at any time bore. Lleici was a female saint of the earl}' 
Church in South Wales. " Pontlickey Bridge" occurs in 
documents of 1S61, and " Pontlecky Bridge'" in 1864. 

PONT-MELON (Saint Melon's bridge.) A farm in the parish of 
Llandaft'. 

PON']'-Y-CELYN (the bridge of the holly-trees); also called the Celyn 
bridge. A brick structure by which the old footpath is carried 
east and west across the Nant-mawr, near the Celyn farm.- 

PONT-Y-PRENAU (the bridge of the trees.) A farm in the parish of 
Llanedern. 

POOL MEAD. A meadow at Cogan Pill (15S6.) 

' Cana is the name-saint of Canton, and of Llanganna near Bridgend. She was 
daughter to Tewdwr Mawr of 15rittany, and mother to Saint Crallo {Achau Saint 
Ynys Prydain. lolo .MS3. leprint. p 13;.) 

- See the tail-piece, \'ol. IV., p. viii. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 405 

POOR-FOLK'S HOUSE. An almshouse which, according to a 
Patent of 16 16, was a burgage standing in Worton Street. 

POOR'S RELIEF. An ahnshouse which, according to Speed's map 
of 1610, stood in West Street. 

PORRIDGE L.\NE. An old name for Wharton Street, Worten 
Street, Broth Lane, or Heol-y-cawl. Speed's map of 1610 
calls it " Porrag Lane." 

"PORTE ALLENS LONDS." Described (1559) as "a great 
messuage within the Castell Baiel}^ of Cardj'ff." 

"PORTESLOND." A piece of land in Adamsdown (1440); probably 
identical with Portmanmoor. 

PORTFIELD, The. A piece of meadow land "at the forks" in the 
lordship of Roath, occupied in 1493 by the Gatekeeper of 
Cardiff Castle. The accounting Minister at that date did not 
profess to know where this land lay, but appears to have 
supposed it and Wardrobe Leas to be identical with 
Portmanmoor. 

PORTMANMOOR. A strip of marshy land along the Severn shore 
in the parish of Roath, just outside the town of Cardiff, 
between Adamsdown and the sea. It was the perquisite of 
the Portman, or Gatekeeper of the Castle, which office seems 
to have become hereditary in a family thence called b}' the 
surname Le Port, or Porter. The earliest whose name occurs, 
Adam le Port, may be identical with the Adam Kyngot 
mentioned in the municipal charter of 1331. According to an 
Inquisition of 1440, Portmanmoor was a part of Adamsdown. 
The name is preserved in Portmanmoor Road, a fine new 
thoroughfare leading from Roath to the shore. 

PORTWAY, The. The mediaeval name for the Roman road which 
skirts the shore of South Wales and unites the ancient 
boroughs; particularly from Cardiff westward through Cow- 
bridge, Kenfig and Aberavon, to Neath. In the vernacular 
this road was called i^ Biortwc, by turning the English word 
into a feminine Welsh noun. It occurs as late as 1763. 



4o6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

POST HOUSK, The Old. Was in Smith Street, and had tlie said 
street on the north, Duke Street on the west, the lane called 
Running Camp on the south, and the house of the Rev. William 
Llewelyn on the east (1731, 177S, 1S04.) I" 1S20 it still bore 
the above name ; but in 1849 the north portion of it was the 
General Nott public-house. This was the westernmost house 
of the middle row in Smith Street. 

POTTESMOR. Land near the Splot, in the manor of Cardiff and 
Roath, referred to in a Minister's Account of 1392. 

PRICHARD'S COURT. Quay Lane (1821.) 

PRIEST'S WEIR, The; " Prests Were." A weir in the lordship of 
Roath, mentioned in a Minister's Account of 1492. 

PRIOR'S GRANGE, The. The barn where the Prior of Cardiff 
collected his tithes. It was in " vVotton Street" (Wharton 
Street), according to a Minister's Account of 1492. 

PULKEY. According to Mr. Corbett's annotated map, this was a 
place on the Severn shore in the parish of Roath, where a 
brook flows into the sea, east of the Splot. 

PUM-ERW (the five acres.) Land on the shore of the East Moor 
(1764) .f.s. C. 

PWLL-CANAU, " Pulthcanau " (Samt Cana's Pool.) A point on the 
river Taff referred to as an eastern limit of the liberties of 
Cardiff, in the municipal charter of 1340. It was, no doubt, 
somewhere near Pont-Canna, in the hamlet of Canton.' 

PWLL-COCH (the red pool.) A pool in the river Ely, and a hamlet 
on the left bank. So called since the battle of Saint Pagan's, 
1648, when the river ran red with tiie blood of the slain Welsh 
Royalists. Ty Pwll Coch is an inn on the Cowbridge Road at 
this point. 

PWLL-HALOG (the defiled pool), also called Plwca Halog "the 
defiled pleck," in allusion to the public executions here 
anciently performed. One of the Gallows P^ields (1737, 1796.) 

' .Some authorities h.Tve identified " Pulthc.inau " with Pwll Coiiaii, an eastern 
boundary of the lordship of Glamorgan, near Neath. I think the terms of the charter 
preckide this inference. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 407 

PWLL-HELYG (the pool of willows.) A house in the parish of 
Whitchurch, on the west side of the North Road. 

PWLL-MAWR (great pool.) A place on the Severn shore, at the 
estuary of the river Rhymny, in the parish of Rumney, 
where there was a drain, called " Puimore gowt " in a 
Minister's Account of 130 1. In a charter of 1218 it is referred 
to as "tlie Great Pill," and the endorsement speaks of it as 
lying " in Cardiff Moor." 

PWLL-MORYS (Morris' pool.) A deep place in the river Rhymny, 
north of Lanrumney. 

PWLL-TRO (the whirlpool.) A deep place in the river Rhymny, 
below Bedwas bridge, in the hamlet of the Van in the parish 
of Bedwas (1755.) 

PWLL-Y-STAPSE (the pool of the stepping-stones.) A pool in the 
river Ely, in the manor of Llandaff (1740.) 

PVVLL-Y-WENOL (the pool of the swallow.) A tenement in Whit- 
church (1840.) 

RADYR. Probably J' rhad dir, "the free land"; but perhaps rhaiadr, 
a waterfall. A church and parish five miles north-west from 
Cardiff, in the hundred of Cibwr. It is divided into Higher 
and Lower. 

RADYR CHAIN. Cross-roads a little south of Radyr village. 

RANIE SPIT, Ranny Point. A bank just off Lavernock Point. 

RED ?'URLONG. Twenty-four acres of land in the lordship of 
Roath (1492.) 

RED HOUSES. (T/r/r Tai-cochion.) 

REDCROFT. Seven acres of pasture land in the lordship of Leck- 
with (1456.) 

REES' COURT. A row of old houses in the north part of the city of 
Llandaff, built close to the ruins of some mediasval house of 
importance — probably the residence of one of the canons or 
prebendaries of the Cathedral. These houses and ruins are on 
the west side of the road leading to Radyr. 



4o8 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

REVESACRE. A meadow in the lordship of Roath, de.stro3'ed by an 
outbreak of water in 1492. Doubtless it was a perquisite of 
the Reeve or Bailiff of the manor. 

RHIWBINAU, "Rhubina" (the slope of the pine-trees.) A house 
and land in Whitchurch (170S.) 

RHIW-FELEN (the tawny slope.) A tenement in the hamlet of 
" Trane " and parish of Llantrisant (1799.) 

RHIWPERA (the slope of spits ; or Rliiw-pcraidd, the pleasant slope.) 
An ancient mansion of the Moigan famil}', in the township of 
Llanfedw, now called " Ruperra Castle." 

RHIW-SAESON (the slope of the Englishmen.) In the parish of 
Llantrisant (1742.) 

RHOS, Y; " Roose " (the moor.) An old homestead of a cadet 
branch of the Mathew famil}', in the parish of Porthkeny 
(1600.) 

RHYD-LEUFER, " Rhydlewar," " Rhydlavar," " Redlaver" (the ford 
of Lleufer.) A tenement in the parish of Saint Fagan and 
lordship of Miscyn (1631, 1745.) Tlie name is traditionally, 
and with some probability, referred to Saint Lucius (in Welsh 
Lleufer), " the Light-bearer," king of Esyllwg ; at whose 
request Saint Fiagan and iiis three companions, D3'fan, Medwy 
and Elfan, were sent from Rome to carry the Christian faith to 
the Britons. 

RHYD-LYDAN (the broad ford.) In or near Llanedern, on the west 
(1736.) 

RHYD-WAEDLYD (the bloody ford.) A ford and hamlet on the 
Nant-gwaedlyd, where that brook crosses Cardiff Ileath, in 
the chapelry of Whitchurch. Immediately north of the ford 
is the site of the great battle between the Welsh and the 
Anglo-Normans. The actual ford is now replaced by a low 
bridge of stone. 

"RHYD-Y-BILLWHE," " Rhyd-y-bilwg " (the billhook ford.) 
Across a brook forming the eastern boundary of a parcel of 
the manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) It is on the lane called 
Heol-y-cefn-coed. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 409 

" RHYDYBYTHER " [? Rhyd-y-byddar, the deaf man's ford.) In the 
parish of Egl\v3-silan (1793.) 

RHYD-Y-FFAGLE {Rhydy-ffaglan, the ford of the flames.) A 
freehold tenement on the northern boundary of the manor of 
Llystalybont, near Llanishen (1653.) 

RHYD-Y-ML\-COCH, " Rhyd-y-mincoe " ^the ford of the red brink.)' 
Over the Nant-gwaedlyd, on the Great Heath. A tenement 
of this name, in the parish of Llanishen, was holden of the 
manor of Roath-Keynsham at a chief rent (1702.) 

RHYD-Y-PENAU (the ford of the heads,)' A farmhouse in the 
parish of Llanishen, south of the village. 

RHYD-Y-SARN (the ford of the causeway.) Across the river at 
the hamlet of Ely. 

RHYD-Y-TY\VOD, " Rhyd y twad " (the ford of the sand.) Across 
the river Taff, from Whitchurch to Pentyrch (1731.) 

RHYMNY. In corrupt English spelling Rumney. (i) A river 
which rises amid the hills of Brecknockshire and, flowing 
south-eastward, divides the counties of Glamorgan and 
iVIonmouth, emptying into the Severn Sea zh miles east of 
Cardiff. (2) A parish, called in Welsh Trcdelcrch, in Mon- 
mouthshire, three miles east of Cardiff, divided from the parish 
of Roath, Glamorgan, by the river Rhyniny. (3) A modern 
industrial urban district near the source of the said river, in 
the hills of East Monmouthshire. The name is etymologically 
allied to Rimini, Rheims and Romne)', and implies a boundary 
stream in a flat country. 

RIDGE HENGE, " Rugehenges," The. A fishery on the sea-shore, 
near the Westervveir, in the lordship of Roath (1492, 1542.) 

RIDGELx'\ND, " Rugelonde." Two acres of land at Roath, mentioned 
in a Minister's Account of 1492. 

RISING SUN COURT. Off the west side of the Hayes, near to 
and parallel with the south side of Wiiarton Street. At the 
north-east corner of the court, on the Hayes, stood the 
Rising Sun public-house. Demolished 1S9S. 

1 It is sigiiiiicaiit that so many of the place-names oil Cardiff Heath are referable 
to the great battle there fought. 



4IO CARDIFF RECORDS. 

ROATH. Welsh >'/?//«//; (the Rath.)' A village, parish and manor, 
a mile and a half east of Cardiff, bounded on the west by the 
parish of Saint John, Cardiff, and on the east by the river 
Rhymny. The easternmost Glamorgan parish on the road to 
England. It was carved out of the original Cardiff parish of 
Saint Mar}' earh' in the i6th century. The village is now 
joined to Cardiff by many streets of dwelling-houses, contain- 
ing a vast population. The earliest occurrence of the name in 
an extant document is of circa 1102, and its spelling is Raz — 
the z representing, probably, the hard dental sound of th. 
There was an earl}' tendenc\- to give the vowel, in English 
mouths, the o sound. Ptolemy's Itinerary mentions a town 
called Ratostabios, or Ratostathibios, which it places just 
about on the site of Cardiff Castle. This seems to indicate 
that Rath-Tav was the earliest name of Cardiff. If I am 
asked in what way the name of the rath was transferred from 
the site of Cardiff Castle to the Roath of to-day — a parish 
extending from Longcross to the Rh\-mny — I suggest that the 
old name, from the fort on the Taff, was applied to the whole 
of the flat land lying between Taff and Rhymn}-, by naming 
this in terms equivalent to "the District of the Rath": and 
that, on the division of the country into parishes, the name was 
restricted to the eastern half of that district, while Cardiff 
(already a burgh) became a parish also, under its present name. 
Some confirmation of this supposition maj' be found in the fact 
that Cardiff Castle was anciently reckoned within the original 
Manor of Roath. Indeed, what might ha\-e been expected to 
be called the " Manor of Cardiff," namely, the Castle and the 
Burgh, were both within the Manor of Roath. ^ {l^idc Taff ct 
Cardiff.) 

ROATH BRIDGE. A small structure of stone, crossing the brook 
just below Roath Mill, before the alterations of 1S99. 



' Rath is a Celtic word, now found only in the Gaelic dialects, meaning an earthen 
fort. 

- .Much 'jf this article is a re- writing of part of my paper on the local place-names, 
printed in Cardiff Nat. Hist. & Antiq. Soc. Trans., vol. xxxiii.. 1900-1901. — Ed. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 411 

ROATH CASTLE. {Vide Plas-newydd.) 

ROATH COURT. An eighteenth-century mansion, on an ancient 
site, winch was the manor-house of Roath-Dogfield. The 
older building, fortified and moated, was ruinous in the reign 
of Elizabeth. The Court stands a short distance south of 
Roath church, at the corner of Newport Road and Albany 
Road, in pleasant grounds. 

ROATH COURT FARM. (/'T^A- Cwrt-bach.) 

ROATH-DOGFIELD. The manorial name of the original Lordship 
of Roath, to distinguish it from the portions which the Lord of 
Glamorgan had granted to the Abbeys of Tewkesbury and 
Keynsham. The name Dogfield is a modern variant of the 
mediccval personal name Doggeville or Docgevel, from Welsh 
Dogvael, earlier Docmael. 

ROATH GREEN. A common of pasture lying on the west and 
north-west of Roath churchyard. About 1S93 the portion 
nearest the church was planted and enclosed by the Corpora- 
tion. 

ROATH HOUSE. An 18th-century dwelling which still stands, off 
the west side of the Newport Road, near Roath village, opposite 
the smithy. Between it and Crockherbtown there was no 
house, previous to about 1S70, except a cottage near the old 
milestone. 

ROATILKEYNSHAM. The name given to such part of the Manor 
of Roath as had been granted to the Abbot and Monks of the 
Benedictine Abbey of Keynsham, Somersetshire, to be holden 
by them of the Lord of Glamorgan in free alms. 

ROATH LODGE. {Vide Plas-newydd.) 

ROATH MILL. An ancient water grist-mill which stood on the 
northern arm of the Nant-mawr, a little north-west of Roath 
church. It was the lord's mill for the Manor of Roath. Some 
remains of the original structure were to be seen, but the later 
building dated from the iSth century. It was demolished 
1897, after a useful existence of a thousand years. 



412 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

ROATH PARK. A tract of land lying along the valley of the Nant- 
mavvr, from Pont-Lleici northward to the Dyffryn. In 1894 it 
was given by the Marquess of Bute, Lord Tredegar and other 
landowners, to the Corporation of Cardiff for the purposes of a 
public park. 

ROATH-TEWKESBURY. The name given to such part of the 
Manor of Roath as had been granted to the Abbot and Monks 
of the Benedictine Abbey of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, to 
be holden by them of the Lord of Glamorgan in free alms. 

ROBERTSCROFT. Two acres and a half of meadow in the lordship 
of Roath (1492.) 

ROGERSHOOKS, " Rogreshokes." " Roggeshokes." A parcel of 
land and meadow in the farm of the grange in the lordship of 
Leckwith (1456, 1492.) It lay in the Leckwith moors, and 
a ditch divided it from Rusham Mead. Robert Rogger was a 
cottier of Leckwith manor ante 1456. Mr. J. S. Corbett's map 
has " Rogershook " as south of Rusham, between Leckwith 
Moor and Leckwith Grange. 

ROGERSMOOR. A wood on the slope just west of Penarth and a 
little east of Cwrt-y-fil. 

ROKE'S LAND. Two acres in the lordship of Roath (1542.) 

ROSISTON. Fourteen acres of land in the lordship of Cibwr and 
Cardiff, mentioned in a ALnister's Account of 1537. 

ROSTOG, Rossog, Rossag. A field in tiie parish of Rumney (1731.) 

" ROTHEMANLEZ." A field measuring upwards of 4^ acres, in 
the lordship of Roath (1492.) 

" ROTHES-MORE." The name given, in a Minister's Account of 
1537, to the marshlands in the parish of Roath. It occurs also 
in the Llystalybont Survey' of 1653. 

ROUNDBUSH ROCKS. On the sea-shore in the parish of Laver- 
nock. 

ROWLANDS' BUILDINGS. A court of old dwelling-houses off the 
east side of North Street, behind Queen Street. So called 
after one Edmund Rowlands, who was landlord of the Rose 
and Crown inn, close by, in 1777. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 413 

RUDDER, The. The west point of the Steep Holm. 

RUMNEY. In Welsh Trcdclorh. The south-westernmost parish of 
Monmouthshire, divided from the parisli of Saint John, Cardiff, 
by the river Rumne}-, whicli is crossed here b^' a handsome 
one-arched bride of iSoo. The manor, called Rempne\', is 
under the lordship of Gwentlhvg. 

RUMNEY COURT. A house and lands north of the village of 
Rumney. 

RUMNEY POTTERY. A very old house, somewhat modernised, 
with a kiln and outbuildings, on the east side of the highway 
at the foot of Rumney Hill, between the bridge and the turnpike 
cottage. 

RUNNING CAMP. A narrow thoroughfare which formed the 
western portion of King Street. It was sometimes called 
Camp Street, and Camp Lane (1S21.) The name is somewhat 
of a mystery. It is not met with in the records earlier than 
the close of the iSth century. The most probable solution of 
its etymology is that some game of that name was customarily 
played there. In Welsh, and in some English dialects, " camp " 
means a game ; and in some parts of Scotland football is called 
" kicking-camp." 

RUSHAM MEAD. A meadow of 21 acres in the Leckwith moors, 
reserved for the horses of the lord's servants (1492.) Later 
Accounts call it " Busham Mead," apparently by a clerical 
error. Rusham-way was a road in the lordship of Leckwith. 
Mr. J. S. Corbett's map shews " Rusham " as bounded north 
by Canton Common, south by Leckwith Moor, east by Cardiff 
West Moors, and west by parts of Canton Common and 
Leckwith Moor. 

RUSHPLOT. Three roods of land in the lordship of Cogan (1492.) 

RYLAND, " Rilonde." Three acres of meadow in the lordship of 
Cogan (1492.) 

SAINT DAVID STREET, or, commonly, David Street, constructed 
circa 1830, on the old southern outskirts of the town, bordering 
the Docks. So called from the Catholic church of Saint David, 
which, since the erection of its successor in Charles Street, 
has been converted into a hall. 



414 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

SAINT PAGAN'S. Llansaiiffagan (the church of Saint Ffagan.) 
A village and parish four miles north-west from Cardiff, in the 
Hundred of Dinas-Powj-s. Its name is derived from an 
ancient oratory or chapel (the foundations whereof remain in 
the Castle grounds) dedicated in honour of this saint; who, 
according to the early Welsh traditions, was an Italian 
missionary sent b}' Pope Saint Eleutherius to preach the 
Gospel to the clansmen of Lleurwg, the British irgidiis of 
Gwent, in the year 140. (/7(/c Saint Mellon's.) The tradition 
receives confirmation from the Roman Liber Pojitificalis. It is 
noteworthy that this venerable oratory is the only old church 
in the world dedicated to Saint Ffagan. 

SAINT JOHN STREET. This name was formerly applied to what 
is now called Church Street ; which anciently extended east- 
ward to the north end of Working Street. This eastern 
portion was called sometimes Vicarage Street — now Saint 
John's Square, south side. 

SAINT MARY STREET. This, in conjunction with High Street, is 
still, as it has been from time immemorial, the main street of 
Cardiff town ; although of late years the tide of commerce has 
shifted some of its importance to Queen Street. It takes its 
name from the long-vanished premier parish church of Saint 
Mary, the site of which is on the west side of this street. 

SAINT MARY STREET, Llandaff One of the original streets of 
of the city. It leads from the Green westwards to the high road. 

SAINT MELLON'S. In Welsh Llanlleunvg, "the church of Saint 
Lucius." A village and parish 4^ miles east from Cardiff, in 
the Hundred of Gwentlhvg, Monmouthshire. The Welsh 
name of this place is derived from that of the native British 
under-king of Gwent who, according to the early Welsh 
traditions, induced Pope Saint Eleutherius, in the j-ear 140, to 
send to his kingdom Christian missionaries; and who, having 
himself embraced the Faith, died a martyr in exile on the 
Continent. (His relics are venerated in the cathedral of Coire, 
Switzerland.') The missionaries sent in compliance with his 
request were Saints Ffagan, Dyfan, Elfan and Medwyn, each of 
whom has his one solitary dedication in the parish churches 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 415 

of Saint Fagan, Merthyr-Dyfan, Aberdare and Llanfedw, 
Glamorgan. When the Normans had achieved their conquest 
of Morganwg, tiiey superseded the ancient dedication of this 
parish by that of their own Saint Melo, the apostle and first 
Bishop of Rouen. Curiousl}' enough, (whether they knew 
it or not) they were choosing the name of a Briton of 
this locality — Saint Mellon having been born at the town of 
Cardiff, as the writer of his life and legends records.' Saint 
Mellon's is the head village of an interesting district; the 
dialect of Welsh spoken here is called Cerniwaeg (^"Cornish"), 
and is closely allied to the extinct British tongue of Cornwall. - 

SAINT'S WELL, "Saint Wall." In the parish of Caerau, south- 
west of the parish church. 

ST.-Y-NYLL. A little manor of the Mathew family, north-west of 
Saint Fagan's. 

SAITH-ERW-CLAWR-Y-MORFA (the seven acres of the surface of 
the marsh.) A piece of land on the shore of the East 
Moor (1764.) 

SAITH-ERW'R-GLWYD (the seven acres of the hurdle.) Land on 
the Splot (1764.) J.S.C. 

SAITH-ERW-Y-DEON (the seven acres of the dean.) Land in the 
lordship of Roath-Keynsham, bordering on the south-west of 
Pengam, to which it belonged (1702.) 

SALT MARSH, The. The land between the G.W.R. station and 
Penarth Road. On the other side of the road is the Dumballs 
(iSiS.) It was probably identical with the Salt Mead or 
" Saltmede " named in the J^alor Ecclt-sitxsticus, 1535, as situate 
near Canton, and marked by Mr. Corbett as on the south side 
of the South Wales main railway line, south of Taff Mead, in 
the curve of the branch line to Penarth. 

1 Petits Bollandistes. Gueiiii. Paris. 1SS2. Vol. 12, p. 526. It is curious that the 
Latin name for Rouen is Rothomagos, from tlie idol called Roth, which Saint .Mellon 
destroyed. (j6.) 

- I am prepared to maintain that the " Penrhyn Aivst Yiig G/u'f«vit'" of the 
Triads, &c., is Rumney Hill. Eastern Gwent, from Rumney to Abergavenny, was 
inhabited by a " Cornish " people. 



4i6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

" SAMMELIS\\'ERE." A weir which formed one of the boundaries 

of Cogan Moor (c. 1290.) 
SARN-Y-CAUNANT (the causeway of the hollow brook.) A place 

on the highway leading from Lisvane to Machen (1735.) 
SEA FURLONG, Great and Little. Two parcels of land measuring 

36 acres and lialf an acre respectively, in the marshlands of the 

lordship of Roath (1492.) 
SEA-LAND, "Selond." The name given to the flat land along the 

Severn shore in the lordship of Rumne}', in a Minister's 

Account of 1402. 
SENDALL HILL. A place in the lordship of Roath, referred to in a 

Minister's Account of 1542. John Shend3'irs widow had 

a demise of a close near the Heath, in the same lordship, that 

year. 
SENGHENYDD (Saint Cenydd.) A commote of Glamorgan, to the 

north of Cibwr. It is divided into two portions, Higher and 

Lower. 
"SEVOURNEHYLL." A croft in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 

The Account of 1542 calls it "Sebronhyll, otherwise Thomas 

Thomas' Close," and states that it contained three acres. The 

name may mean Severn Hill or, more probabl}'. Saffron Hill. 
SHEPHERD'S HALL. A farm in the parish of Llanishen. 
SHIREHALL, The. The lord's court of justice, in the outer bailey 

of Cardiff Castle. It is figured in Speed's map of 1610. 
SHOTTESCROFT, Scottcroft. Two acres of meadow in the lordship 

of Roath (1492.) Mr. Corbett marks this as lying on the south 

side of Kechcroft, just east of Pengam farmhouse. 
SHRIMP HOUSE, The. A lonely hut on the shore near the Docks. 

Edward Stelfox, fisherman, was shot in this house in 1876. 
SILENT POOL. A deep place in the river Rhymny, immediately 

north of Lanrumne}' Hall. 
"SKALLEHOUSE," The (161S.) The Gallhouse (1715.) 
SMALL CLOSE. A field belonging to the Treasurer's Manor of 

Llandaff (1535.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 417 

SMALLMEAD, " Smalemede." A meadow in the lordship of 
Leckvvith (1456.) 

SMALLWALL. A place in the lordship of Roath, mentioned in a 
Minister's Account of 1492. 

SMITH STREET. The main street in the eastern part of Cardiff 
town. It ran from the end of Duke Street eastward to the 
East Gate. The name was probably taken from a smith's forge 
near that gate. In the iSth century it was sometimes called 
East Street. 

SOKESHAY, " Sokshey " (the enclosure of the manorial court.) A 
place in Cardiff burgh, named in a Minister's Account of 1492. 

SOPHIA GARDENS, The. That portion of the grounds of Cardiff 
Castle lying on the west bank of the river Taff, north-west of 
Cardiff Bridge. In 1S75 they were thrown open to the public, 
at the desire of Sophia, late Marchioness of Bute. The fields 
lying to the north of these gardens are known as the Sophia 
Gardens Fields, and are used for such public displays as the 
Horse Show. 

SOUDREY, Sowdrie, Southrew. ("The South Town," or "Sutton.") 
The ancient southern suburb of Cardiff, just outside the South 
Gate. It extended from the Dumballs on the west, along 
Whitmoor Lane to Bute Street on the east (1600, 1S62.) 
Many tenements here were accounted parcel of the manor of 
Llystalybont (1715.) It was at one time the fashion to spell 
the name Sawdry, probably because Thomas' saw-mills stood 
here. 
SOURLAND, "Sourelond." Two quarters of land in the lordship of 

Roath, referred to in a Minister's Account of 14)2. 
SOUTHGATE FIELD. Another name for the Kennel. 
SOUTH LAYLAND, " Southleylonde." Eight and a half acres in the 

lordship of Roath (1492.) 
SPIREMEAD (the bull-rush meadow.) In the lordship of Roath 
(1492.) A document of 1542 refers to it as three acres 
lying in Rothesmoor. 



4i8 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

SPITAL, Spittal, The. A hospital, largely endowed with surrounding 
lands and tenements, at the east end of Crockherbtown. It 
probably belonged to the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, or 
Knights Hospitallers, and, on the suppression of religious 
houses, was sold to a private individual. A thatched cottage 
here, called by the same name, occupied the original site until 
18S4, when it was replaced bv a row of shops named Spital 
Buildings. A little to the east-north-east, on the opposite side 
of Newport Road, stood the Spital Barn, 

SPITAL CLOSE. A field of 3^ acres near the Spital (1550.) 
Probably the land on which stood the Spital Barn. 

SPITAL LANE or Court. A "passage" leading to the Spital, 
mentioned in a Minister's Account of 1550. 

SPLOT, The. A small tract of land on the moors by the Severn 
shore, between the mouths of the rivers Taff and Rhymny, in 
the parish of Roath. The name is derived from "splat," Welsh 
ysblad, a flat land. The Splot formed an outlying part of the 
Commote of Llandaff (Leland,) and of tlie Manor of Llandaff, 
to which it was a subsidiary Lordship. It was divided into 
two farms, the Upper and the Lower Splot, tlie buildings 
whereof are still standing. The Upper Splot is situate a little 
south-east of Longcross. In the sixties of the 19th centuiy, 
this farm-house stood out in the countr_v, all alone save for a 
barn opposite. The house became the Great Eastern Hotel, 
and the barn is now replaced by the Metal Street School. 
The Lower Splot is nearer the Severn, b^- Adamsdown and 
Portmanmoor. The Splot, from which these farms and the 
modern district of Splotlands take their names, is a strip of 
tidal marsh between Portmanmoor and the sea. 

"SPODOMESLONDE." In the lordship of Roath. It consisted of 
12 acres, half a rood, and 12 small pieces of land (1492.) In a 
Minister's Account of 1542 it is referred to as "16 acres of 
demesne land, one rood, with one ditch, formerly of Adam 
Spoudere." Perhaps it should read " Spodoureslonde." 

SPRING COTTAGE. An old messuage, now divided into separate 
tenements, on the south side of Albany Road, a little east of 
Pen-y-lan Road. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 419 

SPRING GARDENS. A piece of land on the south side of Crock- 
herbtown, adjoining the Spital land on the west (1740, 1S04.) 
Spring Gardens Court perpetuates the name. 

STAIRS, The. A sand-bani< at Lower Penarth. 

STEEP HOLM, The. A small uninhabited island in the Bristol 
Channel, midway between the shores of Somersetshire and 
Glamorgan, but counted as part of the former county. 

STEPASIDE. A small house and two acres of land on the east side 
of Cathays Park, near the Dobbin Pits (1729, 17S6, 1S03, 
1S14.) I suppose this was the property consisting of "decayed 
dwellinghouses," near Biggs' Brewery in Salisbury Road, 
which Mr. L. C. Williams purchased from the Corporation 
some years ago. 

STOCKLAND. A farm in the parish of Saint Fagan. 

STOGESCROFT. A f^eld in the lordship of Roath ^440.) 

STONE BRIDGE, The Little. The small bridge of masonry by 
which West Street was carried across the Mill Leat, or Tan 
River, close to Cardiff Castle. This bridge is shewn in 
Speed's map, 1610, and in Buck's view, 1748. Until Cardiff 
Bridge was built of masonry, at the end of the iSth century, 
the other was known as " the Stone Bridge," simply to 
distinguish it from the wooden one which spanned the Taff 
(1671, 1715.) 

SUDCROFT (South Croft.) Land held under the fee of Canton, 
c. 1290. 

SUMMERHOUSE GARDEN. In Working Street (1793.) 

SUNDERLAND BRIDGE. Over the Taff (1S21.) 

SUTTON ("the south town.") A homestead between Penarth and 
Lavernock. As early as 169S it bore its present name, 
"Sutton's Farm." 

SWELDON. An ancient manor-house, now a farm-house, in the 
parish of Caerau. In the reign of Henry VIII., and long after, 
it was held by a cadet branch of the family of Mathew of 
Llandaff. Sweldon was a sub-manor to Llandaff. 



420 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

TADEMOR. Arable land in the lordship of Cardiff and Roath, 
referred to in a Minister's Account of 1392. 

TAFF. Welsh Taf. One of the principal rivers of South Wales, 
which, rising amid the mountains of South Brecknockshire, 
flows through the county of Glamorgan and discharges into the 
Bristol Channel at Cardiff. The earliest known form is Tam 
— a pre-Aryan word, like so manj' river-names, and akin to a 
host of others, such as Tamar and Thames (French Tamisc, 
Italian Tai>ugia.) The river Taff seems to have also been 
known b\' a second pre-Ar^^an name Tib. []'idc Roath ct 
Cardiff.) There is a river Taff in Pembrokeshire also. The 
characteristics of the chief river in Glamorgan are happil}- 
described by " Codraicd" in the rhyme : — 
Mae'r Taf yn afon rhwysgus, 
Mae'r Taf yn dra pheryglus ; 
Taf a dd_vgodd fj'w^'d cant, 
Mae'n llifo pant ychr3-dus. 
(The Taff is a restive river, the Taff is ver}- perilous ; Taff has 
taken away the life of a hundred, she saws a horrid chasm.) 

TAFF MEAD. A piece of land, formerly pasture but recentl}- built 
upon, lying in Saint Mary's parish, west of the Taff and 
bounded by Clare Road, Grangetown. (Minutes of Health 
Committee, 6 December 1S9S.) Tiiat it was land common 
to the burgesses seems likeh' from the tact that the parish 
church of Saint Mary owned a portion of it (6 acres) in 1550. 
It is named in a document of 1762. Mr. J. S. Corbett's map 
shows Taff Mead as lying immediately soutli of Cardiff Green, 
between that and the Great Western Railway. 

TAFF'S WELL. A medicinal bathing-place in the bed of the river 
Taff, in the parish of Eglwysilan. 

TAI-COCHION, "Red Houses." Latterly called rather by the 
English name. A rambling house divided into tenements and 
afterwards known as Roath Workhouse. It stood north of 
Albany Road, near the Pen-y-lan Road. Demolished 1S99.' 

' There was a ligln of way liiioiigli the garden and yard of these tenemeuts, 
forming a sliort cut soutli-eastward from Peii-y-laii Road to .-Mbaiiy Road. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 421 

TAI-MAWR (great houses.) A tenement in tlie parish of Lisvane. 

TAI-TY-COCH (the houses by the red house.) A free tenement of 
lands in the parish of Llanedern, held of the lordship of Roath- 
Keynsham (i 702.) 

TAIR-ERVV-GEY. A piece of land on the shore of the East Moor 
(1764.) J.S.C. 

TAIR-ERVV-HEOL-Y-COED (the three acres of the lane in the 
wood.) Land in the hamlet of Ely (17 19.) 

TAIR-ERVV-MELYN (the three yellow acres.) A piece of land on 
the shore of the East Moor (1764.) J S C. 

TAIR-ERW-PENFAIN (?the three slender ended acres.) Three 
acres on the shore of the East Moor (1764.) J.S.C. 

TAIR ERW'R WALL. Three acres of customary lands in the 
manor and parish of Rumney (1703, I775-) 

TAIR-ERW-YSTOCYN (?the three acres of the stump.) Fields in 
the parish of Llantrisant (_i655.) 

TAN RIVER, Tiie ; the Tanyard Brook. A stream which ran into 
the river Taff just below the Quay. So called from the tan- 
3-ard wliich stood immediately west of the Castle (171 5, 1766, 
1S58.) The Tan House, mentioned in 1714, was demolished 
1S61. 

TEMPERANCE TOWN. The nearest south-western suburb of 
Cardiff, built in 1S64, by Jacob Mathews, on land in the 
bend of the old river-course, after the river's diversion. The 
land was sold to Mr. Mathews by Colonel Wood. It lies west 
of Saint Mary Street, north of the G.W.R., south of Cardiff 
Arms Park, and east of the present course of the Taff. Wood 
Street bisects it. The site of Temperance Town was once a 
field on the west side of the Taff. The diversion of the river 
brought the field to the east side, and it was then built on. 

TEN ACRES, The (Welsh, y dci; cri.'.) A tenement in the parish of 
Saint Fagan and lordship of Miscyn, part of Cefn-y-gwyndon 
(1666.) Also a piece of land at Adamsdown, near the Gaol 
(1863.) 

TENANT'S MEAD. A field of 12 acres of pasture land, parcel of 
the West Moor in the lordship of Roath Dogfield (c. 1560.) 



422 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

THORN HILL, Thorntree Hill. A prominence on the Cefn range, 

due north of Cardiff. 
THREE QUARTERS, The. A small field (probably three quarters 

of an acre in extent) at the end of Love Lane (i8iS.) 
" THYNOG FAWR, Y " ; " yri-thynog vawr." An acre of land in the 

parish of Lisvane and manor of Llystalybont (1653.) 
TINKWOOD colliery, between Pentyrch and Llantrisant (1792.) 
TIR-BACH (the little land.) At Penarth (1730.) 
TIR-BERTH-Y-LAN, " Tireberthelane " (the land by the hedge on 

the hill.) Three acres of demesne land in the lordship of 

Whitchurch ( 1492.) 
TIR-CALANMAI, "Tire Clanamit" (the Mayday land.) Nineteen 

acres of demesne land in the lordship of Whitchurch (1492.) 
TIR-CALED (the hard land.) A free tenement in the parish of 

Roath and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) A ruined house 

and land named in the Heath Enclosure Award of 1S09. In 

1S40 it was called Coed Tir Caled, hard-land wood. 
TlR-CEFi\-COLSTIN. A tenement in the manor of Pentyrch 

{c. 1670.) 
TIR-CEFN-Y-GELYNEN (the land on the ridge of the holly-tree.) 

A tenement in the manor of Pentyrch [c. 1670.) 
TIR-CRWN (the round land.) A tenement in the manor of Pentyrch 

(r. 1670.) 
TIR-DAIO-WIL (David William's land.) In Llanedern parish (1702.) 
TIR-ELBOD (Elbod's land.) A free tenement in the parish of Roath 

and manor of Roath-Keynsham (1702.) Elbod, or Elfod, is 

the name of a saint of the British Church, the first Bishop of 

Bangor, in the Sth centur}-. 
TIR-GELYNOG (the holly land.) A tenement in the parish of 

Llantrisant and lordship of Pentyrch and Clun (c. 1670.) 
TIR-GOLEU [the land of light.) Ten acres at Canton belonging to 

the Chapter of Llandaff (1666.) 
TIR-GRONO-Y-LLYGAD (the land of Grono at the spring.) In the 

parish of Llanfedw and lordship of Senghenydd, bordering on 

Ruath-Iveynsham (^1702.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 4^3 

TIR-GRUFFYDD-GAM (the land of Griffith the one-eyed.) A 
tenement in the manor of Pentyrch (r. 1670.) 

TIR-GRUFFYDD-GIBWN (Griffith Gibbon's land.) A tenement in 
the parish of Saint F'agan and lordship of Miscyn (1666), 
named after a member of the ancient Norman-Welsh family 
which formerly possessed Saint Fagan's Castle. 

TIR-HWNT (the yonder land.) A farm in the parish of Llanishen. 

TIR-HYWEL, " Tir Howell " (the land of Hoel.) A tenement in the 
parish of Saint Fagan and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 

TIR-IARLL (the earl's land.) Near Lisvane (1653.) 

TIR-MEURIC-Y-BONAU (iMeuric's land of the stumps.) A tenement 
in the parish of Saint Fagan and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 

TIR-MORGAN-HEN (the land of Morgan the Elder.) A tenement 
in the parish of Saint Fagan, manor of Pentyrch and Clun 
(c. 1670.) Morgan Hen is the name of one of the Kings of 
Glamorgan. 

TIR-NEWYDD (the new land.) Seventy-three acres on the Splot 

(1764.) J.s.c. 

TIR-PENLLYN, " Tyere Penellyne" (the land at the head of the 

lake.) Ten acres in the parish of Llandaff (r. 1560.) 
TIR-PEN-Y-GARN (the land at the end of the mound.) A tenement 

in the manor of Pentyrch (V. 1670.) 
TIR-SUSAN (Susan's land.) Two acres and a rood on the shore of 

the East Moor (1764.) J.S.C. 
TIR-WINCH. A tenement in the parish of Whitchurch, on the west 

side of the Caerphilly Road. 
TIR-Y-BEILI, " Tirebailly " (the steward's land.l Twelve acres of 

demesne land in the lordship of Whitchurch (1492.) Also a 

farm in the parish of Lisvane. 
TIR-Y-BLEWYN (the land of the blade of grass, or of the single 

hair.) A farm in the parish of Llanishen. 
TIR-Y-CEILIOG (the cock's land.) Cock's Ground. A small 

messuage and tenement near Crwys-bychan, on the Heath, 

iSoi ; now taken into the Cardiff Cemetery. 



.424 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

TIR-Y-COED (the land of the trees.) Sixteen acres belonging to the 

Chapter of LlandafT ( i 747.) 
TIR-Y-COES (the land of the leg.) Freehold in the parish of Roath 

and manor of Roath-Ke3-nsham (1702.) 
TIR-Y-CUTLER (the cutler's land.) A free tenement in the 

Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff (1535.) 
TIR-Y-CWNINGEN, " Tireconynger " (the coney land. ) Forty-one 

acres in the demesne land of the lordship of Whitchurch (1492.) 
TIR-Y-FFORDD-LAS (the land of the green road.) In the parish of 

Radyr (172S.) 
TIR-Y-MAERDY (the land of the steward's house.) A copyhold 

tenement in the manor of LI\-stalybont (1673.J 
TIR-Y-MAES-MAWR (tlie land of the big field.) A tenement in the 

parish of Pentyrch and lordship of i\Iiscyn (1666.) 
TIR-Y-MUD (the mute's land.) In the parish of Llanishen (1702.) 
TIR-Y-POLYN. A tenement in the manor of Pentyrch (r. 1670.') 
TIR-Y-SAITII-ERW (the land of the seven acres.) In Whitchurch 

1"IR-Y-T0N-LLWYD (the land of the grey layland.) A tenement in 

the parish of Saint Fagan and lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 
TIR-Y-TY-GWYN (the land of the white house.) In the parish of 

Roath, near Pont-Lleici. A freehold tenement of the manor of 

Roath-Ke3'nsham (1702.) 
TIR-Y-WAUN-LLWYD (the land of the grey meadow.) Si.x acres 

in the parish of Llanishen (1704.) 
TIR-Y-WHIT. Forty acres in the parish of Llanishen (1704.) 
TIR-Y-WIL. A piece of land adjoining the northern boundary of 

Roath-Ke3'nsham (1702.) 
TIRECROFT. Five acres of demesne land in the lordship of 

Whitchurch (1492.) 
"TIREVEYNE." Three acres in tlie demesne land of the lordship of 

Whitchurcli (1492.) 
TOM JOHN'S HOUSE. A rambling old thatched tenement in the 

parish of Whitchurch, on the west side of the Caerphilly Road. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 425 

TON-MAWR (the great layland.) A free tenement in the manor of 
Roath-Keynsham (1702.) 

TON-GWYNLAS, "the green layland," i.c , grassy fallow land. A 
township six miles north of Cardiff, on the Merthyr road, in 
the chapelry of Whitchurch, parish of Llandaff. 

TON-YR-YWEN (the yew-tree layland.) A farmhouse on the east 
side of the Llanishen Road, at the third milestone north from 
Cardiff, on the Heath. 

" TORCOTEFELD.'" A piece of land in the farm of the grange in the 
lordship of Leckwith (1492.) 

"T0REC0TESH0KE3." Pasture land in the lordship of Leckwith 
(1456, 1492.) 

TOWN HOUSE, The. A building which belonged to the burgesses. 
It stood near the High Cross, on the south side of the 
Guildhall, and figures in Speed's map of 16 10. 

TOWN MILLS, The. One of the two water grist-mills under the 
west wall of Cardiff Castle (1492.) 

TOWN FIELD, The. A piece of common land, belonging to tlie 
burgesses in certain siiares. One piece of it was the property 
of the parish church of Saint John ( 1550.) The Survey of 1666 
speaks of the Town Land, in the W'est Ward, whereon a certain 
house was built. The burgage rent of tiiis house was unknown. 

"TRANE.'' A hamlet in the parish of Llantrisant (1799.) 

TREASURER'S ACRES. Meadow land on Ely Moor, belonging to 
the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff, and divided into Treasurer's 
White Acre and Treasurer's Black Acre, in the parish of 
Llandaff (1649.) 

TREDELERCH (the homestead of swans.) The Welsh name for 
the village and parish of Rhymny or Rumney. The d in this 
word possesses philological interest, being an intrusive con- 
sonant which appears also in late Cornish — a language to 
which Gwentian Welsh is closely akin." 

' I'orcote, l;iter Tliuryate i;c., is an English p.itioiiyiiiic; French Tuigot. 
- Tieiielerch is also the name ut a modern house on Rumney Hih. 



426 CARDIFF RECOF^DS. 

TREODA (the abode of Oda, or Odyn.) An ancient messuage in the 

village of \\'hitchurch, immediately north of the remains of 

Whitchurch Castle. In the Middle Ages it was the home of a 

Welsh chieftain and his descendants. 
TREFEURIG (the habitation of Meuric.) An ancient mansion, long 

the seat of the Bevan famil}', in the parish of Llantrisant. 
TREGOCHES. A free tenement in the parish of Saint Fagan 

{c. 1670.) 
TREGYRNOG (the habitation of Curnock, or the horned habitation.) 

A farm in the parish of Saint Fagan. 
TRERAIG. A farm in the parish of Llantrisant (iSi i.) 
" TREVENNETH." A tenement in the parish of Llantrisant (1547.) 
TREWERN (the habitation among the alder-trees.) A farm in the 

chapelry of Llanilltern. 
TRI-CHWARTER-CAERDYDD (the Cardiff three-quarters of an 

acre.") A piece of land on the shore of the East Moor (1764.) 
TRIiNITY BREWYN. The land between Saint John's Churchyard 

and the Hayes, belonging to the Guild of the Holy Trinity 

(1542.) Perhaps identical with the Trinity Ground named in 

the same document as the above. 
TRINITY STREET. The tlioroughfare which borders Saint John's 

churchyard on the west and leads from the east end of Church 

Street to the Hayes. It was sometimes styled Saint John 

Street, and Vicarage Street. The name of Trinity Street is 

derived from the Trinity- Garden, which, occupied the north 

end of the Hayes (1S21.) 
TRISTYPE. A parcel of land in the lordship of Whitchurch, held 

with the fulling mill in 1492. 
TROCKER'S ACRE. An acre of land near Adamsdown, in the 

lordship of Roath (^1542.) 
TROWBRIDGE BACH (Little Trowbridge.) A farm in the parish 

of Rumney. 
TUCK'S LANDS. Held witli the Wedal (1637.) 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 427 

TUMBLING CLOSE, The. A field just outside the east wall of the 

town, by the canal and Hayes bridge. Bridge Street was 

made out of it in 1S25. 
TUMP, The. In Welsh, }' Twyii. A piece of rough grass-land at 

Penarth, on which football used to be played about the middle 

of the 19th century. 
TUNNEL, The. Where the Glamorganshire Canal (formerly the 

town moat) passes under Queen Street, at the site of Crock- 

herbtown Gate. 
TWYN-Y-GLISON. x\ dwellinghouse in the parish of Llandaff. 
TY-BAL (prominent house.) In the parish of Rumney, north of the 

village. 
TY-CELYN-GENOL i^the middle holly house.) A tenement in the 

parish of Llanishen. 
TY-CLYD (sheltered house.) In the parish of Whitchurch, a 

little north of Velindre (1S86.) 
TY-COCH (red house.) A farm between Ely and Caerau. Also an 

ancient building opposite Cardiff Castle, later the Cardiff 

Arms inn. 
TY-COLY (Culley's house.) A farm on the south-east slope of 

Pen-y-lan. The Heath Enclosure Award of 1809 incorrectl}- 

spells the name " Tir-y-CoUy." 
TY-CRWCA (crooked house.) In the parish of Llanedern, south of 

the village. 
TY-CRWM (bent house), or Ty-crwn (round house), a farm in Roath 

and Llanedern. The Heath Enclosure Award of 1809 

incorrectly spells the name " Tir-y-Crom." 
TY-DRAW (the yonder house.) A thatched house in the parish of 

Roath, on the east side of Roath Park. Also a house in the 

hamlet of Fairwater (1710.) 
TY-DU, " Tir y ddy " (black house.) In the parish of Rumney 

(r. .70S.) 
TY-FRY (upper house.) A small messuage in the parish of Rumney, 

nurth-east of the village. 



42S CARDIFF RECORDS. 

TY-GWYN (white house.) A house and land bounded east and 
north by the grounds of Pen-3--Ian House, and south by 
Cefn-coed Lane (Heath Enclosure Award, 1S09.) Also the 
original name of Pen-y-lan farm, now tiie Convent of the 
Good Shepherd, on the southern slope of Pen-y-lan [Sec also 
Whitehouse.) 

TY-GWYRDD (green house.) A small old house in the parish of 
Llanishen, near the north end of Roath Park. 

TYLE-MORUS (Morris" loft, or acclivity.) A place in the parish of 
Pentyrch. 

TYLLGOED (the holed trees.) The Welsh name for Fairwater 
hamlet, in the parish of Llandaff. 

TY-LLWYD, " Tyrlloyd " (grey house.) In the parish of Rumney 
or Llanedern (1731.) A farm in Lisvane. 

TY-MAWR (the great house ) The name of one of the more 
important dwelhng-houses in nearl}' every parish of Wales. 
It is an alternative name of Llys-du {q.v.), Roath. Ty-mawr, 
near Rumney church, is a large farmhouse of the i6th 
century, with mullioned windows. It was the manor-house. 

TY-MELYN (yellow house.) A farm in the parish of Llanedern. 

TY'N-Y-BERLLAN (the house in the orchard.) A tenement in the 
parish of Lisvane. 

TY'N-Y-CAE (the house in the close.) A house halfway between 
Whitchurch village and Rhyd-waedlyd. 

TY'N-Y-CAEAU (the house m the closes.) A farm in the chapelry 
of Whitchurch. 

TY'N-Y-COED (house in the wood.) A farmhouse which stood 
a little north of Albany Road, in tlie parish of Roath. It was 
demolished 1^95, but the name is preserved by Ty'n-}--coed 
Place, close to the site of the house. 

TY'N-Y-FFYNON (the house by the well, or the tenement of the 
well.) A farm in the parish of Llanedern. 

TY'N-Y-FRO (the house in the cultivated region.) A farm in the 
chapelry of Whitchurch 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 429 

TY'N-Y-NANT (the house in the vale, or the tenement of the brook.) 
A farm in the parish of Pentyrch, towards Llantrisant (1792.) 

TY'N-Y-WAUN (the house in the meadow.) In the parish of 
Pentyrch. 

TY'N-Y-WERN (the house among the alder-trees, or the tenement of 
alder-trees.) A farm in the parish of Llanedern. 

TY-PANT-YR-YWEN (the house in the yew-tree hollow.) A small 
house in Whitchurch, east of the village. 

TY-PICA (the peaked house.) A house and garden in the parish of 
Llandaff, belonging to the Chapter (1692.) 

TY-PROSSER (Prosser's house.) A cottage on the Heath (18S6.) 

TY-RHOS-LLWYN (the house of the rose-bush) The Welsh name 
of 174 Newport Road, in the parish of Roath. This, 
whicii is tiie private residence of the Town Clerk, Mr. J. L. 
Wheatley, was built in 1S77 on that part of the lands of the 
Island f^arm which was occupied by the Roath village smithy. 

TY-TO-MAEN (the house with the stone roof.') A farm in the parish 
of Llanedern. Also a large dwellinghouse standing in its own 
grounds in the parish of Saint Mellon. 

TY-TO-MAWR (the house with the big roof.) A farm in the parish 
of Rumney. 

TY-Y-CAPEL (the chapel house), also called Tir Cabel, Chapel Land. 
An ancient chapel transformed into a cottage, at Coed-y-gores 
in the parish of Llanedern. It is probably the Llanforda 
(" Lambordan ") of ancient records. A burial-ground annexed 
to the chapel is now the orchard of the cottage. 

TY-Y-CW'N (the dogs' house.) Also, but incorrectly, called Ty-yii-y- 
r,vm, the house in the valley, though the valley is non-existent. 
Tlie real name probably' indicates tl^.at the lord's hounds were 
kept here. Cf. T3'-y-cyvv. Ty-y-cwn was a small but solidly- 
built cottage, having a thatched roof and a mullioned window 
with stone frame, joist and hood-moulding — apparently dating 



^ This ii.Mine w.is doubtless given when the rocfs of tlie neighbour 
thatch. 



430 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

from the i6th century-.' It was situate on the the north side of 

Albany Road, a little east from the end of Pen-y-lan Road. It 

was demolished 189S. 
TY-Y-CY\V, " Tj'r Cue." A small farm-house on the south-eastern 

side of Pen-y-lan, in the parish of Roath. The name means 

"the chicks' house," but perhaps originally signified "the 

whelps' house" (1731.) Not far south is Ty-y-cwn {q.v.) 
TY-YN-Y-PARC (tlie house in the park.) A farm in Whitchurch 

(iSio. ) On the south side of the road fi-om Whitchurch 

village to Ton-yr-ywen. 
TY-YN-Y-PV\'LL (the iiouse m the pool.) A farm in Whitchurch, 

on the east side of the Merthyr Road. 
TY-YN-YRARDD (the house in the garden.) In Crockherbtown, 

at the north-east corner of Charles Street. There is a rather 

large garden at the back, on the east side of Charles .Street, 

but the house was long since made into a shop. The hounds 

used to meet in I'ront of this house sixty years ago. 
TY'R-BONT (the house by the bridge.) An old tenement on the west 

bank of the Nant-waedlyd, Whitcliurch village, where that brook 

is crossed by a low stone bridge and a plank-and-rail footbridge. 
"TYR COIDEGAN" ^? Tir Cadt.'gan, Cadogan's land.) On the south 

side of Cefn-Mabii park, parcel of the manor of Roath- 

Keynsham (1702.) 
"TYR CWiMBERCH." Lands in the lordship of Roath-Keynsham 

(1702.) 
I'Y-YR-YiNYS (the house on the marsh-island.) On the east bank of 

the Dulas brook, in the parish of Llanedern, south of the 

village. 
UNION BUILDINGS. A row of tenements, with a court, off the 

north side of Barry Lane, parallel with Baker's Row. 

Demolished ciira 1S99. 



See the tail-piece ante. p. 45. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 431 

VELINDRE, y Fcliiidre (the mill hamlet), often inacctirately spelt 
"Velindra." A cop_vhold tenement consisting of a house and 
garden in the manor of Llystalybont and parish of Llanishen. 
In 1700 it was devised by Gabriel Lewis. In 1902 it was 
purchased from the Booker family by the Corporation, for the 
purposes of an Asylum. 

VIA JULIA MARITIMA (The Julian Maritime Way.) This is 
the Latin name given to the military road constructed 
c. A.D. 75 by the Roman general, Julius Frontinus, from 
Gloucester to Neath, for the purpose of facilitating 
operations against the Silures and other tribes of South Wales. 
This Roman road still exists. In some places it retains its 
ancient character, the modern road deviating from the old 
course in order to avoid a steep hill. At other parts of the 
route the present highway covers the ancient road. In relation 
to Cardiff, the Via Julia is represented by the Newport Road, 
Crockherbtown, Queen Street, Duke Street, Castle Street, 
Cardiff Bridge, and the Cowbridge Road. The original course, 
howe\'er, enters the Borough furtlier north than the Newport 
Road, traces of it being discernible between Pen-y-lan and 
Llanedern. In the Middle Ages the Via Julia was known as 
the Portway, because it connected the burghs. In Welsh this 
word became Pwrtwe — in composition " Y Bwrtwe." 

VICARAGE GARDEN, The. A Town Plan of 1S50 shews this as 
occupying the northern and wider end of the now open space 
at the Hayes, just opposite the south front of the Library. It 
seems to be identical with the Trinity Garden. 

VICARAGE STREET. The name given to the eastern portion of 
Saint John Street, or Church Street, previous to about 1850, 
when the middle row in what is now Saint John Square existed. 
It was so called from the old Vicarage, which adjoined the 
north-east corner of the church and was demolished 1S73. 

VICTORIA PL.^CE. The southward continuation of Trinity Street 
to the Hayes. The name fell into disuse when the block of 
houses which stood on the site of the Trinity Garden was 
demolished, ciixa 1890. 



432 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

" WALSCHMENHULL" (Welshmen's hill.) In the lordship of Roath. 

Named in a Minister's Account of 1392. It is perhaps to be 

identified with Pen-y-lan. 
WARDROBE LEAS, " Wardropelees." Meadows "at the forks" 

in the lordship of Roath, occupied in 1492 b\' the Gate- 
keeper of Cardiff Castle. 
V\'ARTH, The. A name, recorded as early as 13 14, for the flat lands 

along the Severn shore, in the lordship of Gwentllwg, between 

Cardiff and Newport. The word may be either of British or 

Saxon derivation. 
WASTE LANE. The name formerly given to the northern portion 

of Working Street (1794.) 
WATERHALL. A farm-house on the west side of the highway from 

Fairwater to Radyr (1SS6 ) 
WATERLANE. A place on the demesne of the lordship of Whit- 
church (1492.) 
WATERLEADER'S CROFT or Mead. A meadow in the lordship 

of Roath (1492.) It was destro\-ed b\- a Hood in that year. 

There was a family surnamed Waterleader, in whom that office 

was hereditary. 
WATTRELL, The. A homestead in the parish of Radyr (1702 ) 
WAUN-FAWR, Y (the great meadow.) In the parishes of Roath 

and Llanedern, holden of the manor of Roath-Keynsham at a 

chief rent (! 702. ) 
WAUN-GRON, Y (the round meadow.) A piece of waste land, 

measuring 2a. 2r. 7p., in the manor of Llandaff. 
WAUN-WYLLT, Y (the wild meadow.) In the parish of Llandaff, 

belonging to the Chapter (!72[.) 
WEAVER'S COT, The. In Roath village ; bounded on the north 

by the Newport Road ( 1 S09. ) 
WEBCROFT. A close of pasture in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 
WEDAL, The. A brook which rises on Cardiff Heath and flows into 

the Nant-mawr near Fairoak. The name is perhaps the local 

form of zvaedol, " bloody," in allusion to the battle of Cardiff 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 



433 



Heath, fought near its source, between the Welsh and the 
Anglo-Normans. 

WEDAL-ISAF, Y (the Lower Wedal.) A farm on the Wedal brook, 
a httle soutli of Wedal Uchaf, and just within the northern 
boundary of Cardiff Borough. It has lately been taken in to 
enlarge the Cemetery, but was formerly part of the Kemeys- 
Tynte estate. 

WEDAL-UCHAF, Y (The Upper Wedal.) A farm on the Wedal 
brook, at the north end of Cardiff Cemetery and east of the 
new road to Llanishen. It is in the parish of Llandaff and 
manor of Roath-Keynsham, and is bounded north and west 
by the Great Heath (1637.) 

WEIGH HOUSE, The. An ancient messuage on the south side of 
Queen Street, immediately west of the site of the East Gate. 
It is built on part of the Town Wall, and in a late Rental of the 
Corporation is termed "The Old Queen Street Weighbridge 
Office.'' Here, until of late years, waggons of coal, hay, &;c., 
were weighed in the street. 

WEIR COTTAGES. An old thatched tenement at Llandaff Weir, 
on the east bank of the Taff, near Cyfarchfa. 

WERN-GOCH (the red alders.) A wood in the parish of Llanedern, 
south of the village and north-west of Coed-y-gores. 

"WERNE GROVE," probably either Wern-y-groes (the alder-trees 
by the cross,) or Y Waun Gron (the round meadow.) Also 
called the Treasurer's Close. A field in the Treasurer's 
Manor of Llandaff (1649.) 

" WERYNGTROWES." A place in the lordship of Roath (1440.) 

WEST MOOR, The. A farm of pasture containing 2000 acres, in 
the lordship of Roath-Dogfield {c. 1560.) Mr. Corbett's 
annotated map shews it as being the site of the Bute Docks. 

WEST STREET. The principal westward thoroughfare, continuing 
from Angel Street to the West Gate, between the Castle and 
the river Taff. It was taken into the Castle Grounds in 1S05, 
and its houses demolished. 



434 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

WEST WHARF. The land along the west side of tlie Glamorgan- 
shire Canal, south of Saint Mary Street. The old houses here 
were reckoned in Soudrej' ; and at this place were the wharves 
and sheds of the old ironmasters, which still remain, though 
dismantled and ruinous. 

WESTERWEIR, Westweir, The. A weir near the sea-shore in the 
lordship of Roath (1542.) 

"WESTEWHITNOKE." Meadow land in the lordship of Leckwith 
(1456.) 

WESTFURLONG. Certain land in the lordship of Roath (1492.) 

WESTGATE STREET. The thoroughfare leading from Wood 
Street, parallel with and immediately west of Saint Mary 
Street, to Castle Street and Cardiff Bridge. It was constructed 
in the old diverted bed of the river Taff, in i860. 

WESTHAWE. A bailiwick in the lordship of Cardiff Castle (1492.) 

WHARTON .STREET was originally a long thoroughfare from Saint 
Mary Street eastward to the Hayes, and thence curving north- 
ward around the east side of Little Tro}' and St. John's 
churchyard, as far as King Street. This thoroughfare was 
then known as Worten Street (in 1492 as Wotton .Street), 
probably from the worts or roots formerly grown or sold 
there — whence also the names Heol-y-cawl (176S), Broth Lane 
and Porridge Lane. Speed's map of 1610 calls it " Porrag 
Lane." The fact that the name Crockherbtown {q.v.) has a 
similar significance seems to point to the latter's having 
originally formed one thoroughfare with Worten Street. At a 
later period the northward turning of Worten Street had its 
name corrupted to Working Street (the eastern part of which 
was at one time called Waste Lane), and Worten Street 
became known as Wharton Street. Wharton House, the old 
home of the Vachell family, was on the south side of this 
street, with one side of it on a lane called Wharton Place, 
which runs north and south between the Hayes and Bakers 
Row. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 435 

WHITCHURCH. Welsh Eghvys-}!etii}'dd, "Newchurch." A village, 
manor and chapelry in the parish of Llandaff and Hundred of 
Kibbor, 3|- miles north from Cardiff. The Latin name, Album 
Mouasieninii (Whitminster), points to an early monastic 
foundation, probably identical with Mynachdy. 

WHIT-CLOSE. Afield in the Treasurer's Manor of Llandaff (1535.) 

WHITE FARM. In the parish of Leckwith, near the borders of 
Michaelston-le-pit. 

WHITE FRIARS. The convent of Carmelites, or heremitical friars. 
It was situate north of the Grey Friars, in Cathays Park. It 
became the property of the Herbert family, who rebuilt it in 
the i8th century for their residence, but soon demolished it 
completely. 

WHITEHALL. A farm in the parish of Rumney. 

WHITEHOUSE, The. Welsh Ty Givyii. A farmhouse which stood 
near the right bank of the river Taff, on the south side of 
Cowbridge Road, a little west of Lower Cathedral Road. 
The Whitehouse Brook took its name from this house, 
near which it flowed into the Taff after pursuing its course 
along the west side of Cathedral Road. The brook was 
condemned as a nuisance and filled in, 1S74. "Whitehouse 
Ditch" was the later name which marked its degradation. In 
Welsh the brook was called Naut-y-ty-givyn. Some traces 
of it remained until 1895. It was the boundary between the 
parishes of Cardiff and Llandaff. A stone across this brook, 
opposite Pontcanna Cottages, was dignified with the title of 
Whitehouse Bridge (1862.) Brook Street, Canton, is near the 
confluence of this stream with the river. 

WHITE MOOR, The; " Whitmore." The flat lands on the Severn 
shore to the east of Cardiff (1593.) 

WHITLA COURT. A modern mansion in the parish of Rumney, on 
the south side of the high-road to Newport ; the residence of 
Henry Heywood, esq., J. P. 

WHITLE BATCH. A dwellinghouse in the parish of Llandaff. 



436 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

WHITMOOR LANE, or Whitmore Lane. The ancient name of 
wliat is now called Custom House Street. It forms the 
continuation from the end of Penarth Road, over the Canal, 
eastward across Bute Street to the west end of Adamsdown 
(1818.) It was so called because it led on to the Whitmoor, 
or White Moor. About the middle of the 19th century the 
name fell greatly into disrepute, owing to the undesirable class 
of persons who inhabited many houses in this street. The 
name was altered to Custom House Street in 1S72. Since the 
Custom House has been removed from this part of the town, 
it seems a pity not to so far restore the old name as to call it 
Whitmoor Street. Whitmore Lane extended as far east as 
Longcross Common (1840.) 

WILDERNESS WELL, The. At the hamlet of Gabalfa. It stands 
in the fields, and is a pool in a deep hollow surrounded by a 
grove. A flight of steps leads down to the water.' 

WOLVES, The. A rock between the Flat Holm and Lavernock Point. 

WOMANBY. An ancient street leading from the bottom of Quay 
Street northward to Castle Street. The name is early 
Teutonic, and signifies "the abode of the foreigners." It was 
probably the "strangers' quarter," the place where Welsh 
and outlandish settlers in the Anglo-Norman burgh were 
permitted to live together under the shadow of the Castle. 
It is referred to under the forms " Hunmanby,'' c. 1550; 
" Home & by," 1715; Homandby, 1731. 

WOODLANDS. A homestead in the parish of Leckwith, north of 
the village. 

WOODVILLE. That portion of the Little Heath on which, c. i860, 
Colonel Wood constructed various streets of small dwelling- 
houses and shops. The chief of these thoroughfares is 
Woodville Road. 

WORDSWORTH AVENUE, formerly called Wordsworth Street. 
A blind road planted with trees, leading northwards ofif 
the Newport Road at the first milestone. It was constructed 
1850. 

' See the tail-piece, Vul. IV., p. 549. 



SCHEDULE OF PLACE-NAMES. 



437 



WORKING STREET. The thoroughfare continued from the Hayes 
northward to Saint John Square. Its name is a corruption of 
Worten Street {Sec Wharton Street.) The northern portion 
used to be called Waste Lane (1792.) 

WYNNEWAY, " Wynn^yweye." A place in the lordship of Leckwith, 
mentioned in Accounts of 1456 and 1493. 

WYSAM. A tenement held in conjunction with Llvstalybont and 
Maelog's Fee by Sir William Maelog, /ciiip. Hen. III. 
(1216-72.) 

YELLOW WELLS. A farm in the parish of Lisvane. 

YNYS-CEDWYN (Cedwyn's marsh-island.) A dwellinghouse on an 
old site, on the north side of the Ely Road, Canton (1S90.) 

YNYS-GAU (the enclosed marsh-island.) A farm in the parish of 
Pentyrch. 

YNYS-WYLLYS. Arable land in the manor of Llystalybont, near 
Llanishen (1653.) 

YNYS-YR-YSGALLEN-FRAITH (the marsh-island of the milk- 
thistle.) A house in the chapelry of Whitchurch. 

YNYS-Y-WERN (the island of the alder-trees.) A place in the 
parish of Llantrisant where there was a water-mill (1547.) It 
was a tenement in the lordship of Miscyn (1666.) 

YSGUBOR-FACH (little barn.) A tenement on the lands of Pen-y- 
waun. J.S.C. 

YSGUBOR-FAWR (big barn.) A tenement in the parish of Saint 
Fagan. 

YSGUBOR-Y-BWRTWE, " Skybbor y Bwrtway "' (the Portway 
barn.) In the parish of Saint Nicholas (1763.) 

YSTAFELL-Y-CWN (the dogs' chamber.) Called in another record 
"Stabell-y-cwm." A field at Cefn-coed in the parish of 
Llanedern and manor of Roath-Keynsham ; mentioned in the 
Surveys of 1650 and 1702. Cf. Ty-y-cwn and Ty-y-cyw. 

ZEAL. Freehold land in the parish of Roath and manor of Roath- 
Keynsham (1702.) 




438 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The Older Inns of Cardiff. 

"UTHORS of fiction have often revelled in the atmos- 
phere of romance which hangs about an old inn. 
Even poets have not disdained to sing the charms 
of an ancient hostelry. Antiquaries are well aware 
of the interest attaching to inns and inn-signs, particularly to 
heraldic signs. In those of the Cardiff District the names and 
arms of the principal local families are represented, and we have 
examples of most of the quaint titles by which Boniface has in all 
ages been wont to designate his hospitable house. This Schedule, 
however, comprises only the names and signs of inns which maj' be 
termed old-established, from the palatial hotel down to the humble 
tavern. Wherever possible, I have mentioned the earliest date at 
which the name of the inn has been found in records; and, in the 
case of houses which are no longer licensed, the latest date also. 
The situation of each house is also given, where it could be 
ascertained. 



ALEXANDRA. Crockherbtown (r. 1S75.) North-west corner of 
Taff Vale Approach. An early Victorian house with a porch on 
the pavement, modernised r. 1S95. 

ANGEL. North side of Angel Street (1666, 1731, 1792.) A later 
inn under this sign and the same license was on the south side 
of the street, but is now the Bute Estate Office. At the latter 
transformation the license was transferred to the Cardiff Arms. 
When the last-named hotel was rebuilt it was called the Angel. 

BEAR (1719, 1770.) 

BELL. 

BLACK BEAR (179S.) 

BLACK LION. On the east side of Saint Mary Street (1792, 179S.) 

BLACK LION, Llandaff; south-east corner of High Street and 
Cardiff Road. The sign is taken from the arms of 
Mathew of Llandaff, "Or, a lion rampant sable." 



THE OLDER INNS OF CARDIFF. 439 

BLUE ANCHOR. In Saint Mary Street, on the east side, adjoining 
the new Market (171 1, 1792, 1835.) Now near the south end 
of the street. 

BLUEBELL. High Street (1S75.) 

BOAR'S HEAD. Somewhere near the Market Tavern (1792, 1835.) 

BOAR'S HEAD. South-east side of Leckwith Road, Canton Common. 

CANTON CROSS. West side of Canton Cross. 

CARDIFF ARMS. An important inn which stood in Broad Street, 
Cardiff, at the west end of Angel Street (1792.)' It occupied 
the site of a very ancient building known as the Red House, in 
Welsh Ty Cock, a name bj' which the inn was long known 
(1710, I 73 1, 1777, 1788.) The Cardiff Arms was demolished 
1S78, in the course of street improvements. Its license was 
transferred to a house erected near the old site, but which 
took the name of The Angel from another discontinued 
hostelry in Angel Street (now Castle Street.) The Cardiff 
Arms Park was so called after this house. 

CARDIFF BOAT.' Womanby, corner of Quay Street (1792, 1829.) 

CARDIFF CASTLE. High Street. It was a ruinous house in 
1S49. 

CARDIFF COTTAGE. East side of Saint Mary Street. 

CARPENTER'S ARMS. The Hayes, east side. 

CASTLE. Angel Street. Sold under the Improvement Act in 1878. 

CLIFTON. At the corner of Clifton Street and Broadway, Roath. 
Also known as the Tredegar Arms. The Roath Local Board 
met here in 1859. 

COCK. On the east side of the North Gate ( 1731, 1787.) 

CORNISH ARMS. Charlotte Street (1865.) 

COW AND SNUFFERS. LlandatT Yard. The sign is said to be 
the result of a tour-de-force by Lord Beaconsfield, who 
invented it as the most incongruous title conceivable. 



• See tiie illustration facing p. 145, Vol. IV. 
-See the tail piece on p. 310, Vol. IV. 



44° CARDIFF RECORDS. 

COWBRIDGE ARMS. Broad Street. i Sold under the Improve- 
ment Act in 1S7S. 

CROSS INN. Cross Street (186S.) 

CR0.:5S KEY.S. On the south side of Queen Street, by the Tunnel 
just outside the East Gate (1792, 1806.) Lord Bute formerly 
held here his annual Court Leet for the Manor of Roath- 
Dogfield. In 1S96 the name of the iiouse was changed to The 
Tivoli — as "more artistic " 

CROW (1720.) 

DOLPHIN. "The Old Dolphin," South side of Church Street. 
Perhaps identical with the Ship and Dolphin. 

DUKE OF WELLINGTON. The Hayes, near Waterloo Buildings. 

ESPLANADE. Beach Road, Penarth. This hotel represents the 
old Penarth Beach Inn. demolished c. 1875. 

FAIR OAK. Angel Street (1S61.) 

FIVE BELLS. In Broad .street (1748, 1792, 1S21.) Pulled down 
circa 1S59, on the erection of the new bridge over the mill-leat. 

FOUR ELMS. Elm Street Roath. So called from its proximity to 
the Four Elms (1859.) 

FOX AND HOUNDS. Whitchurch. 

GENERAL NOTT. The westernmost house of the middle row in 
Smith Street. The north part of it, which had been the Post 
Office, was demolished 1S49. The other part was occupied 
latterly by Battista Pedrazzini, watchmaker. 

GEORGE. At the West Gate (1710, 17S0.1 

GLOBE. East corner of Castle Street and Homanby (1731.)- 

GLOVE AND SHEARS. Duke Street, at the corner of North 
Street (1792.) The Judges' servants used to be lodged here 
(1829.) The house displays a Welsh announcement: " Cymry 
a Chymraeg i mewn." (Welsh people and Welsh speaking 
within.) 

' See the illustiation facing p. 353, Vol. IV. 

-This comfortable old inn liappily still exists in its original form, unspoilt. 



THE OLDER INNS OF CARDIFF. 441 

GOLDEN LION. Between Saint Mary Street and Barry Lane. 

The mail-coach horses used to be stabled here. The yard 

was in the occupation of the South Wales Carriage Co. till 

1S9S, when the Morgan Arcade was built over it. Baker's 

Row runs southward from Wharton Street to Barry Lane. 

Before reaching Greenmeadow Court it widened out into 

Golden Lion Court. The inn stood at the east corner of 

Wharton Street and Baker's Row. 
GOLDEN LION. Glebe Street, Penarth. Startmg-place of the 

Cardiff breaks. 
GREEN DRAGON, Tne (New.) A former name of Messrs. Fulton 

& Dunlop's wine and spirits vaults, at the corner of Duke 

Street and Saint John Square (1792, 1S25.) 
GREEN DRAGON, The (Old. 1720,1792.) 
GREYHOUND (1777, 1792.) 
GRIFFIN. High Street (1798, 1827.) 
GRIFFIN. Saint Mary Street. Sign derived from the arms of the 

family of Morgan of Tredegar. 
GRIFFIN. Lisvane. 
HEATHCOCK. High Street (1674.) 
HEATHCOCK. City of Llandafif. A heathcock is the family crest 

of Mathew of Llandaff. 
HOLE-IN-THE-WALL. Somewhere near the north side of Wharton 

Street (1848-1879.) Query whether a corruption of " Heol- 

y-cawl " ? 

HORSE AND GROOM. West side of Womanby. 

IRISHMAN'S GLORY. Charlotte Street {c. 1830.) 

IVY BUSH. Corner of Saint Mary Street and Mill Lane (1867.) 

JOLLY BOATMAN. Charlotte Street (c. 1830.) 

KEMEYS-TYNTE ARMS. Later known as the Tennis Court, 
now Nell's Brewery and licensed premises, between Church 
Street and Saint John Square. This was anciently the town 
house of the Kemeys-Tynte family. 



442 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

KING DAVID (1750.) 

KING'S ARMS. In Castle Street (1S33.) 

KING'S CASTLE. On the north side of the Cowbridge Road, at 

the south-east corner of King's Road. Named after the King's 

Castle, an ancient building which stood a short distance 

further east (1866.) 
KINGS' HEAD (1719, 1792.) Saint Mary Street, where the Town 

Hall was erected in 1S49. The inn was ordered to be pulled 

down in 1850. 
LAMB. Trinity Street (1S18.) 
LAMB AND FLAG. Next to the King's Head, where the Town 

Hall was built in 1S49, on the west side of Saint Mary Street. 
MALTSTER'S ARMS. In the city of Llandaff. 
MARKET TAVERN. In Trinity Street (1840.) It was originally 

called the New Market Inn, and had an opening into Church 

Street (1835.) 
MASONS' ARMS.' On the north side of Queen Street, near the 

East Gate (1792, 1S22.) It is still standing, though threatened. 
MERRY HARRIERS. In the parish of Llandough, at the Cogan 

cross-roads. 
MITRE City of Llandaff. This house was the property of the 

Dean and Chapter in 1750, when it was rebuilt. 
NEW INN. South side of Queen Street, just within the East Gate 

and the canal. Also called the Prince Regent. Late Carey's 

spirit vaults. The name occurs in 1768. 
OLD ARCADE. A part of this inn is built over the passage from 

Church Street to the Market, hence the name. This was the 

first of Cardiff's numerous arcades. 
OLD HOSTRY, The (1600.) 
PANNIERS (1596.) 

PINE APPLE. Whitchurch Road, Llandaff Yard. 
PLOUGH AND HARROW (1792.) 

' See the tail-piece on p. 90, Vi.l. IV. This and the Globe are the last of the 
old inns in their original state. 



THE OLDER INNS OF CARDIFF. 443 

PORCUPINE (1596.) 

PRINCE REGENT. On the south side of King Street, now Queen 

Street, just within the East Gate and the canal, opposite the 

Masons' Arms and the Unicorn (1S29.) Late Carey's spirit 

vaults. Also called the New Inn. 
QUEEN'S HOTEL. On the west side of Saint Mary Street, just 

north of the end of Wharton Street. It was called the 

Stoguniber Hotel in 1S61. Rebuilt c. 1S95. 
RED COW. Womanby Street' (1776, 1792.) Uninhabited from about 

1890, but still standing in 1903. It was from this house that 

the Cowbridge carrier used to start. 
RED LION. East corner of Smith Street and North Street (1792, 

1809.) Still licensed, 1903. Mass was for a time said in the 

ordinary-room of this inn, at the beginning of the 19th century. 
RISING SUN. On the west side of the Hayes, a little south of 

Wharton Street, and on the north-east corner of Rising Sun 

Court. Demolished 1898. 
ROCK AND CASTLE. On a rocky eminence behind Pentyrch 

church, the site of Pentyrch Castle. 
ROSE AND CROWN. On the east side of the North Gate (1787.) 

It still exists. 
ROYAL HOTEL. On the west side of Saint Mary Street, at the 

north-east corner of Wood Street (1870.) Rebuilt c. 1895. 
ROYAL OAK. Saint Mary Street (16S3.) 
ROYAL OAK. Whitchurch. 
RUMMER Tavern. South side of Duke Street. 
SHIP (1792, 1798.) 
SHIP AND CASTLE. In High Street, opposite the Wheat Sheaf 

(1792, 1821.) 
SHIP AND DOLPHIN. Church Street (1792, 1S18.) 
SHIP ON LAND, Ship on Launch. Quay Street. 



Hence sometimes called Red Cow Lane. 



444 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

SHOULDER OF MUTTON (1731, 1792, 1S12.) 

STAR. Llanilltern. 

SWAN. High Street (1666.) The Little Swan, 1731. 

TENNIS COURT. An old name (but lately revived) for the licensed 
premises attached to Nell's Brewery ' 1731, 1S29.) It was so 
called from a tennis-court which was made in what is now the 
yard of the brewery, behind the houses which form the north- 
east end of Church Street. Before that court was constructed 
{circa i'"), the tennis-balls were thrown against the north 
wall of Saint John's church tower, hard by. A still older 
name for this house was the Kemeys-Tynte Arms, it having 
anciently been the town house of that family. 

THATCHED HOUSE. Lewis Street, west side near the Hayes 
bridge. This is said to have been the last thatched house in 
the town. 

THREE CASTLES (1792, 1798.) 

THREE CRANES Saint Mary Street or High Street (1770, 1792, 
1842.) 

THREE CUPS Llandaff Yard. 

THREE ELMS. Whitchurch Green. 

THREE HORSE SHOES. High Street, west side (1798.) 

THREE MARINERS. Near the Quay (1779.) 

THREE SALMONS (1793) 

THREE TUNS (1792, 1798.) 

TON INN, The Old. Tongwynlais. 

TY PWLL COCH. Pwll Coch, Ely Common. On the north side 
of the Cowbridge Road. 

UNICORN. North side of Smith Street, now Ousen Street, between 
the East Gate on the east and the Masons" Arms inn on the 
west (1772, 1829.) It stood on the site of the town wall, 
where now is Heme's draper's shop, close to the canal. It 
was demolished c. 1877. 



THE OLDER INNS OF CARDIFF. 445 

UNICORN. Llanedern village, close to the church. A comfortable 
old thatched house, with an inn-kitchen of the picturesque sort, 
open chimney, oak settles, and flitches of bacon under the 
beams; and a native Welsh-speaking landlady. 

WHEAT SHEAF. In High Street, opposite the Ship and Castle 

(.S2t.) 

WHITE HORSE (1722.) 

WHITE LION. In Castle Street (177S, 179S.) 

WHITE LION. In the hamlet of Ely. 




••3^^ 



CW.M-Y-FWYALCHEX. WHITCHURCl 




CHAPTER VI II. 



Zbc fir^unicipalia anb Corpovation Iplate, 
Caibift 1904. 



By ROBERT DRANE. 



HESE consist of the following items, 
all of whicii are modern except the 
Four Maces, and are here placed 
in their Chronological Order : — 
Firsf. — Two small maces of the 
extreme inclusive length of twenty- 
one inches, having bowl ends three 
and one-eighth inches in diameter 
and two and three-quarter inches in depth, on the 
ends of annulated shafts with projecting grips of 
suggestive form. They bear no plate marks, but 
may be assigned to the reign of Charles the First. 
These municipal maces are the lineal descendants of the battle maces 
in use by cavalry from the ihirteenth to the sixteenth century 
inclusive, for attacking men encased in steel armour impervious to 
arrow, bolt, lance, and sword. They gave place to the battle-axe and 
the pistol in the reign of Henry the Eighth. 

From implements of war they became symbols of authority, and 
as such lingered on in the diminutive form of the bailiff's tipstaff to 
our own time. 




MUNICIPALIA AND CORPORATION PLATE. 447 

In this gradual descension from the knightly weapon to the 
vulgar tipstaff they assumed habits of conviviality, and literally 
turned themselves from the art of war to the usages of peace and 
plenty, and were assigned that ceremonial dignity which belongs to 
the representative of a dormant peerage. The offensive end, no 
longer of any practical use, became the grip end by reducing the 
terrible gills to a mere knop for the greater convenience of holding 
the staff. These two smaller maces exhibit by the form of their grip 
this suppression of the gills in order to fit the mace for a very 
different purpose.' This change of purpose consisted in attaching by 
a screw to the opposite end of the staff the silver drinking bowls or 
tumblers which were used at Corporate feastings when needed for 
them, and for Mace heads upon ceremonial occasions when they were 
not. The next change was to ornament these bowls or tumblers with 
straps, embossing or engraving, adding a cresting, usually of fleurs- 
de-lis, and making them a fixed and permanent part of the now merely 
ceremonial emblem of civil authority. This development accounts for 
the cup-shaped heads of the modern civic mace, suggested as they 
were by the round bottomed drinking vessels called tumblers because 
they would not lie on their sides, but if so placed would sway from 
side to side until they ultimately rested in an upright position. (These 
tumblers are still used in some of the Colleges of Oxford for drinking 
beer.) This very usual cup-shaped mace-head having lost its convivial 
use, soon underwent a further change which almost conceals its origin. 
This consisted in adding a fixed cover to the bowl in the form of a 
royal crown of such dimensions as to constitute the most conspicuous 
or visible part of the whole; as illustrated by the heads of the 
two larger maces considered below. 

Each bowl head of these smaller maces is inscribed " Ville 
Cardiff" in contemporary characters. They are immovable and 
covered with flat lids with a cresting of fleurs-de-lis, the central 
limbs of which are now so bent down and flattened as to present a 
battered and humbled aspect. The core of the shaft is a rod of iron. 



' This transition may become apparent by a comparison of these Mace handles 
with a battle mace, figure 5 of Plate Ixxxii., of Meyrick's " Antient Armour," Skelton 
1854. 



443 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Second. — Two larger Maces, respectively thirty-three and thirty- 
three and a half inches in extreme length. Are of the reign of Wiiliam 
and Mary, and bear the plate marks for the year 1690. They consist 
of a prominently crowned bowl upon an annulated shaft of thin silver 
having an iron core, but without the knop of the two preceding ones. 
The bowls and their crowned covers bear th.e same maker's mark — a 
script R in a shaped scutcheon with a single pellet beneath it — so 
that they are contemporary, or more strictly between 1690 and 1693. 
These bowls are of equal depth and diameter, that is, five and a quarter 
inches. 

Their external surface is divided into four sections by straps, on 
the upper ends of which are truncate human figures with foliate 
extremities. In each section thus formed is one of the several 
national emblems, each beneath a royal crown, thus : the heraldic rose 
for England, for France the fleur-de-lis, for Scotland the thistle, and 
for Ireland the harp. This latter suggests the question why not the 
shamrock for Ireland ? and may not the substitution of the harp be 
a covert snub to Ireland for her then political attitude towards 
William III. and her affection for the dethroned James II., while the 
equivocal harp which cannot be denied to Ireland may really be 
intended to symbolise Wales (then as now a stronghold of Pro- 
testantism), especially upon the Maces of a Welsh town. Thus the 
Maces are of the year 1690, and it was on July ist of that year that 
William defeated James II. at the battle of the Boyne. (This 
suggestion is not without ingenuity but it is untenable, for the harp 
as the symbol of Ireland appears with the rose and thistle on one of 
the London Civic Maces for the year 1625 and it was not until 
many years after the date of these maces that the shamrock 
became the "recognised" symbol of Ireland in the reign of George I., 
so that it could not so appear in 1690.) Ihe flat portion of the 
crowned covers bear the Royal Arms of England beneath a crown 
surrounded by the Garter with its legend, supported by the Lion for 
England and the Unicorn for Scotland. (The Scottish Unicorn was 
first used as one of the supporters of the Royal Arms of England by 
James VI. of Scotland when he became James I. of England.) In these 
Maces the Crown consists of a circlet crested with alternate fleurs-de- 
lis and crosses pattees, from which rise two arches intersecting each 
other in a much depressed centre. Within the hollow thus formed is 



MUNICIPALIA AND CORPORATION PLATE. 449 

the cross and mound, or orb and cross, as it is indifferently styled. 
This symbol is often said to imply the World dominated by the Cross, 
but it is of an antiquity long anterior to the advent of Christ, and 
was familiarly known in Ancient Egypt as the Key of Life and is 
usually called the Crux Ansata. It has from old times been used by 
the Sovereigns of Europe as the symbol of their divine right to rule. 
It is always placed in the bearer's left hand, while in the right is a 
sceptre topped with a fleur-de-lis or a cross pattee having an equally 
remote origin and allied significance. On the bowl of one of these 
maces are scratched the initials " W. S, 1786," presumably those of 
William Stone, Junior, one of the Sergeants of Mace in that year (see 
Records of Cardiff, Vol. IV., p. ^27-) O" the end of the shaft of the 
other mace are also the initials E. I., and T. H. (unidentified.) 

Silver Cistern or Monteith. 

This was presented to the Corporation of Cardiff by Alderman 
Samuel Arthur Brain, J. P., in commemoration of his Mayoralty 
1 899- 1 900. 

This noble piece of plate is nine and a quarter inches high, 
twenty-eight and a half inches in extreme length, fifteen and a half 
inches in width. The height of the bowl only is eight and a quarter 
inches and the depth of the cavetto seven and a half inches in the 
centre. Its weight is three hundred and twent3'-five ounces, and it 
bears the plate mark for the year 17S6. It is in the form of an 
elliptical Monteith, a variety of punchbowl (of which it is a much 
belated example) very fashionable between the years 1689 and 1720 
(See Cripps, p. 329, Edition 1894.) Its name is that of its inventor, a 
gentleman remarkable for wearing a scalloped coat. Scalloped as is 
the rim of this vessel, the indentations of which were provided for 
holding the glasses or cups when the bowl was brought into the 
room. 

" New things produce new words, and so Monteith 
Has by one vessel saved himself from Death." 

The bowl bears on either side an elongated elliptical panel eight 
inches by four. In one of these Neptune drives his seahorses through 
rough waves attended by a Triton blowing his conch horn, and a 
Cupid, or Eros, bearing a torch which emits a portentous amount of 
smoke, to meet his bride Amphitrite in the large corresponding panel 
on the opposite side, where she is found driving her dolphins through 

I c 



45° CARDIFF' RECORDS. 

the sea attended by a Nereid and heralded by a Triton. On each side 
are two other smaller elliptical panels occupied by chased representa- 
tions of the Seasons. The edge of the bowl is thickened by a band of 
bold foliated scroll work and deepl}^ indented for the reception of 
drinking cups. The handles are formed of well-modelled youthful 
figures, merging at the loins into foliage and scrolls, by which and 
singularly conventional wings they are attached to the ends of the 
vessel in bold projection, in this particular feature differing widely 
from the typical Monteith. The body rests on four vigorously 
designed dragonesque feet, about four inches high and of bold 
projection, which by their attachment to the curved side of the bowl 
raise it about three-quarters of an inch from the horizontal plane, 
although to the eye the elevation seems much greater. On the side 
above the Neptune panel is the following inscription : — 

" This Jardinere was given to the Cardiff Corporation by 
"Councillor Samuel Arthur Brain, J. P., Mayor of Cardiff 
" 1899-1900, 1st Januar}', 1900. 

Joseph Larke Wheatley, Town Clerk," 
below which are engraved the arms, crest, and motto, " Ardua tendo " 
of the Donor. (Alderman Samuel Arthur Brain, J. P., obit February 
19th, 1903.) 

Silver Epcrgnc. 

This handsome piece of plate, weighing one hundred and sixty-six 
and a half ounces and bearing the Sheffield Plate Mark for [820, is 
thus inscribed : — 

"In commemoration of his Mayoralty (1898-9) this Epergne 
" was presented to the Corporation of Cardiff by Sir Thomas 
"Morel, Knight, J. P., 9th November, 1899. 
Joseph Larke Wheatlej', 

Town Clerk and Clerk of the Peace." 

It is engraved with arms of Cardiff, the words " County Borough 
of Cardiff," and the worthy Donor's personal bearings. It consists of 
a truncate equilaterally triangular base, with concave sides, from 
which ascend a central column and curvilinear foliated branches 
supporting as many cut glass dishes, behind the branches are three 
figures of Pomona cast from the same mould, bearing baskets of 



MUMCIPALIA AND CORPORATION PLATE. 451 

mixed fruit and flowers, and supporting a coronal, the lower member 
of which is richly embossed with flowers, fruit and foliage, separated 
from the narrow uppermost member, similar!}' embossed, by an 
intervening space of plain metal, giving a sense of repose to the whole 
composition. (Alderman Sir Thomas Morel, Kt., J. P., died on the 7th 
October, 1903.) 

The Mayor's Cliaiii. 

This Chain was presented to the Corporation in 1868, to com- 
memorate the Coming of Age of the late Marquess of Bute. It is of 
18 carat gold and the cost, ^250, was defrayed by public subscription. 

The original chain consisted of intertwined links, each ornamented 
with a ball. The front of the badge represented the arms of the 
Borough, with the legend "Villa Cardif," in blue enamel, surrounded 
by a wreath of oak and laurel. Over the shield was the Prince of 
Wales Plume. The back of the badge was quite plain and the 
following names of successive Mayors are engraved thereon : — 



Mr. R. L. Reece 


1868 


Mr. T. Evans 


1869 


Mr. E. Whiff-en 


1870 


Mr. C. W. David 


1871-2 


Mr. Henry Bowen 


1873 


Mr. W. Vachell 


1874 


Mr. Daniel Jones 


1875-6 


Mr. J. Elliot 


1877 


Dr. Taylor 


1878 


Mr. Daniel Jones 


1879 


Mr. J. Mc Connochie 


1880 


Mr. Rees Jones 


1881 


Mr. A. Thomas 


1882 


Mr. G. A. Stone 


1883 


Mr. Robert Bird 


1884 


Mr. A. Fulton 


1885 


Mr. D. E. Jones 


1 886 


Sir Morgan Morgan - 


1SS7 


Mr. T. Windsor Jacobs 


18S8 


Mr. David Jones 


1S89 


Mr. W. Sanders 


1890 



452 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The space on the badge available for names being exhausted the 
late Marquess of Bute, during his Mayoralit}', suggested some 
alterations in the chain in order to provide further space for the 
names of the Mayors. Accordingly six gold bosses have been 
added to the chain, each with one heraldic rose (the design of 
the Common Seal of the Town) and the legend "Villa Cardif" in 
enamel on the front, while the back of each boss is left plain to receive 
names. The badge has been altered by substituting a mural crown 
for the Prince of Wales plume. The pendant has been removed. A 
seventh boss at the top of the chain bears on the front the arms of 
the Marquess of Bute, surmounted by a coronet and surrounded bj' 
the legend "God send grace." Engraved on the back is a record of 
Lord Bute's Mayoralty : " The Most Honourable John Patrick 
Crichton Stuart, Marquess of Bute and Earl of Dumfries, K.T., 1901." 

The following inscription appears on one of the six bosses 

" The Right Hon. Lord Windsor, Privy Councillor, Lord 
" Lieutenant of Glamorgan, 1S96. Joseph Larke Wheatley 
"appointed Town Clerk 21st January, 1S79." 

The names of the following Mayors are also engraved on the 
bosses : — 

Thomas Rees - - - 1892 

Wm. E. Vaughan - - 1893 

Wm. J. Trounce - - 1894 

Patrick W. Carey - - 1895 

Alderman E. Beavan, J. P. - 1897 

Alderman Joseph Ramsdale, J.P. - 1898 
Alderman Sir Thomas Morel, Kt., J.P. 1S99 

Sam A. Brain . . - 1900 

Thomas Andrews - - 1901 

F. J. Beavan - - 1902 

Edward Thomas - - - 1903 

John Jenkins _ - - 19^4 

Tlic Mayoress Cliai)i. 

This handsome addition to the Municipalia was made in 1897 to 
commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. 



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MUNICIPALIA AND CORPORATION PLATE. 453 

The Maj-or for that year, Alderman Ebenezer Beavan, J. P., convened 
a pubHc meeting of the inhabitants of the Borough, which was held 
on the 25th February, 1897. ^^^ ^^is meeting it was agreed to open a 
pubHc subscription, one of the objects to be the provision of a chain 
for the Mayoress, and a Committee of Ladies, with Mrs. Beavan as its 
head, was formed. The Marchioness of Bute took a keen interest in 
the proposal, and subscribed one hundred pounds towards carrying 
it out. A sum of between three and four hundred pounds was 
subscribed, and a chain and badge of fine design was supplied by 
Messrs. Spiridion and Sons, Jewellers, Duke street, Cardiff, from a 
specification prepared by the Town Clerk. 

The chain is composed of a succession of shields, heraldic roses, 
dragons, goats, and sea horses of 18 carat gold. The shield, which 
occupies the centre of the front of the chain, is emblazoned with the 
arms of the County Borough of Cardiff {or, three chevronels gules), 
the chevronels being of rubies. The sliield is surmounted by a 
mural crown set in diamonds. Occupying a similar position at the 
top of the chain is a pair of leeks in saltire carrying a shield bearing 
the arms of Wales, also surmounted by a mural crown set with 
diamonds. On the sides of the chain are twelve shields charged with 
the arms of the twelve counties of Wales. For those counties which 
bear no arms the arms of, or seal of, the chief corporate body in that 
county have been adopted. These are all enamelled as far as possible 
in correct heraldic colours, and each is surmounted by the Prince of 
Wales Plume. Each shield is supported by either a dragon and goat 
or a dragon and a sea horse, it being the intention of the designer that 
those counties which have a seaboard should be supported by a sea 
horse, and that a goat should support the shields representing the 
inland counties. Between the shields is an heraldic rose, the Common 
Seal of the County Borough of Cardiff, correctl}' enamelled. The 
badge is composed mainly of diamonds. The centre of it is 
occupied by an enamel portrait of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. 
Surmounting the portrait are tlie Royal Arms enamelled in colours. 
On either side of the portrait is a figure typifying poetry and music 
respectively. Below are branches in diamonds, rubies, and emeralds, 
and roses, thistles, and shamrocks, with the dates 1837- 1897. The 
link which joins the badge to the chain is composed of a rose, on 
which is set a diamond of the first water. 



454 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

At the back of the badge is an inscription as follows : — 

" To commemorate the long reign of Her Most Gracious 
" Majesty Queen Victoria this chain was presented to the 
" Corporation of Cardiff by the townspeople, to be worn by 
" the Mayoress for the time being. 
22r.d June, 1897. 

E. Beavan, Mayor. 

J. L. Wheatley, Town Clerk." 

The length of the chain is about forty-four inches. 

The following names are inscribed on the links of the chain : — 
Mrs. E. Beavan - - 1S96-7 

Mrs. Jos. Ramsdale - - 1S97-8 

Lady Morel - - - 1S98-0 

Mrs. Sam A. Brain - - 1S99-1900 

Mrs. Thomas Andrews - 1900-1 

Mrs. F. J. Beavan - - 1 901-2 

Mrs. Edwd. Thomas - - 1902-3 

Mrs. John Jenkins - - 1903-4 

The Loving Cup. 

The Loving Cup was presented to the Corporation by the late 
Marquess of Bute at the close of his j-ear of office as Mayor, 
in November, 1S91, and bears the Edinburgh date-letter for 
that year. 

It stands 32 inches high and is Of silver gilt, ornamented with 
shields of fine gold and jewelled with diamonds, sapphires, amethj-sts, 
rubies, emeralds, carbuncles and aqua marines. 

The Cup is made in three parts, the base, the cup and the cover. 
On the base are three figures symbolising the three local rivers, the 
Taff, the Ely and the Rumney. Each figure represents a river god, 
with an urn from which flows a stream of water. The figures are 
enamelled in flesh colour, the flowing water being represented in rock 
crystal. The figures are seated among water lilies, the flowers being 
wrought in white enamel with diamond centres, and the leaves in 
green enamel. The Tafl" being the largest river is represented by an 
old man with silver hair and beard, while the other two rivers are 
represented by youthful men. 



MUNICIPALIA AND CORPORATION PLATE, 455 

Around the stem, between the base and the cup, is coiled the 
Red Dragon of Wales, studded with carbuncles, the claws being set 
with diamonds while the eyes are emeralds. 

The cup bears two shields, with the arms of the donor and of the 
town enamelled. It has two handles modelled in the Florentine st3'le 
with winged figures, and pendant from each handle is a large drop 
amethyst. 

The cover is surmounted by a female figure wearing a mural 
crown set with diamonds, the face, hands and feet being enamelled in 
natural colours. The right foot of this figure rests on a block of coal 
and the left hand grasps a ship's rudder. At her feet is a figure of 
Sabrina, the goddess of the river Severn, seated among water lilies, 
the whole being emblematic of Cardiff and its position as a port. 

The figures were modelled by Mr. William Birnic Rhind, of 
Edinburgh, The cup was designed by Messrs. James Crichton and 
Company, Silversmiths, 47, George Street, Edinburgh, and was 
executed by workmen in their employ. It is said to have cost over 
three thousand pounds. 

(The Honourable John Patrick Crichton Stuart, third Marquess 
of Bute, K.T., LL.D., died 9th day of October, 1900, aged 53 years.) 

Plate piiirliascd to coittiiicinorate the Coronation oj — 
His Majesty King Edward YII. 
and 
Queen Alexan'dra. 

A fine silver epergne of iSoS, oval in form, with four branches. 
It has a band of cast scroll work in relief on burnished field, supported 
on four winged female figures, with one large cut-glass centre dish 
and four smaller dishes. The epergne is twelve and a half inches 
high (without glass.) 

On silver plateau with alternate pecten and honeysuckle cresting 
and winged claw feet, with mirror bottom, thirty inches by nineteen 
inches. 

The weight of the epergne is one hundred and forty-nine ounces 
five pennyweights, and the plateau one hundred and eighteen ounces 
twelve pennyweights, making a total of two hundred and sixty-seven 
ounces seventeen pennyweights. 



456 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



A very fine silver tea urn of 1828 on square base with scroll feet, 
melon shape, richly chased with acanthus leaves and flowers on a 
matted ground with shell and scroll border, standing fifteen inches high 
and weighing one hundred and forty-nine ounces five penny-weights. 

A very fine antique silver salver, shaped beaded border on ball 
and claw feet, plain centre, with arms and crest date 1775, diameter 
sixteen inches and weight sixty ounces fifteen pennyweights. This is 
a charming piece, in pure taste and very characteristic of its period. 

The following inscription appears on each of the above pieces of 

plate :— 

" Presented to the Corporation of Cardiff by resolution of 
" the Committee to commemorate the Coronation of Their 
"Majesties King Edward VII. and Queen Alexandra, at 
" which ceremony the Mayor, Councillor Francis John 
" Beavan, J. P., Chairman of the Local Coronation Com- 
" mittee, was present. 

J. L. Wheatley. 

Town Clerk, Honorary Secretary." 




T .XT' 1^7! 



M.\SONb' ARMS. 



J.:^s§ 




CHAPTER IX. 

1f3istov^ of tbe davbift Covpovation 
Matevwovks innbevtakino. 

By JOSEPH LARKE VVHEATLEY, Esq, 

Town Clerk and Clerk of the Peace. 



^ — — r" IKE most towns in their infancy, Cardiff had to 

■ I depend upon public and private wells for the 

■ I suppl}' of water. In the year 1841, when the 
^^KL.,^^L town was divided into two parishes only, i.e., 

St. John the Baptist and St. Mary, the population 
was only 10,077, ^"^ the most important of the public wells was in 
the centre of the thoroughfare now known as High Street, opposite 
the premises which are now occupied b}' Lloyds Bank, Limited. The 
water that supplied the wells was derived from the gravel beds which 
extended under the greater part of the then town, particularly in a 
westerly and northerly direction. In addition, water was obtained 
from the Glamorganshire Canal and the River Taff. 

The opening of the West Bute Dock in 1839 and the construction 
of the Taff Vale Railway to supply that dock, did much to increase the 
trade of the town and the population, so that the need of having a 
proper and adequate water supply became most urgent. 



4S8 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Upon reference to the Statute Book for 1850, we find that a 
Company secured Parliamentary sanction to construct works to supply 
water to " the whole of the town and port of Cardiff and the parishes 
or places within and adjoining to such town in the county of 
Glamorgan." 

After spending ^20,000, the Company found that sum insufficient 
for the purposes of the Act, so they again went to Parliament, and on 
the 14th June, 1853, Royal Assent was given to an Act repealing the 
Cardiff Waterworks Act 1S50 and granting further powers for carrying 
out the objects contemplated in the first instance. 

The charges for water supply are governed by this Act and are 
exceedingly reasonable, the suppl}^ for domestic purposes including 
water for baths and water closets. 

The works first constructed consisted of a pumping station at 
Ely, three miles from the centre of the town, the water being taken 
from the river into a depositing pool and roughly filtered. Later a 
collecting culvert was constructed on the southern side of the river, 
which was fed b)' springs and the water-bearing strata adjoining. 
The water was then forced into a service reservoir at Penhill, Llandaff, 
and gravitation mains were laid from thence to and through the streets 
of the town and docks. 

The construction of the Rhymney Railway in 185S, and the Bute 
East Dock in 1S59, shewed that Cardiff continued to make progress, 
and in order more efficiently to meet the increased and increasing 
demand for water the Company obtained in i860 Parliamentary 
authority for a gravitation scheme at Lisvane, four miles to the north- 
east of the town. 

The scheme propounded by the Act of 1S60, included a storeage 
reservoir and filter beds at Lisvane with a catchment area of 2,200 
acres, including the waters of the Llanishen, Nant Mawr, Nant Draw, 
Nant Felin and Nant Dulas. Intakes were constructed on these 
streams and the water conve3'ed therefrom in lines of conduit to the 
storage reservoir. 

The following additional works were constructed, viz : — 
A low level service reservoir at Cogan, and a high level service 
reservoir at Llandough, situate 170 feet above the level of Cogan 
Reservoir, with pumping engines at the latter place for forcing the 



CORPORATION WATERWORKS UNDERTAKING. 459 

water up to Llandough Reservoir, from whence it could flow by 
gravitation to and for the supply of Penarth. 

By the Act of i860, the limits within which tiic Company could 
supply water were extended, and included the following parishes and 
places, to wit: — "The parishes of Saint John the Baptist, Cardiff; 
Saint Mary, Cardiff; Roath, Lisvane, Llanishen, Lanedarn, otherwise 
Lanedern, Whitchurch, Llandaff, Leckwith, Llandough, Cogan and 
Penarth, and so much of the parishes of Michaelstone-le-pit and 
Saint Andrews as lies on the eastern side of the Dinas Powis Brook, all 
in the county of Glamorgan." The total area of supply being 26,787 
acres. 

In connection with the river El^-, the Company were prohibited 
from taking therefrom more than three million gallons in any one day 
of 24 hours. 

The pumping well and collecting culvert at Ely and the reservoir 
at Lisvane remained the only sources of water supply up to the year 
1878. 

In 1875 the Cardiff Corporation obtained Statutory authority to 
purchase the Water Undertaking of the Company, but, being unable to 
come to terms, nothing definite was done in this direction until the 
year 187S, when the Waterworks Company again went to Parliament 
for powers to make further works at EI3' and Llanishen ; the new 
proposed works at Llanishen being designed partly to supply the out- 
lying districts of Llandaff and Whitchurch as well as to provide 
additional reservoir storage for supplying Cardiff. 

At this time the Cardiff Corporation made another effort to 
secure the Waterworks Undertaking, but again the negotiations were 
of no avail, with the result that the Corporation decided to oppose the 
Bill, and the grounds upon which the Corporation determined to do so 
were : " that the new works were not designed on a sufficiently 
comprehensive scale to meet future requirements." 

On the eve of appearing before the House of Commons Committee 
an agreement was entered into whereby the Company agreed to 
transfer the Works to the Corporation for the sum of ^300,000. This 
sum was arrived at on a basis of 25 years' purchase of the net annual 
revenue, which was shewn to be /"i 2,000. The Corporation allowed 
the Company to proceed with their Bill, agreeing at the same time to 



46o CARDIFF RECORDS. 

pay the cost of the same and to take over the Company's Debenture 
Bonds, amounting to ^20,450. 

In the \-ear 1S79, the Corporation obtained Parliamentary 
authority to purchase the Undertaking and to borrow the sum of 
/470,ooo. 

On the 29th September, 1S79, the Company's Undertaking came 
into the possession of the Corporation, and on the 24th December, 
1S79, the Deed vesting the Undertaking in the Corporation was 
executed. 

It may be interesting to place on record the fact that in order 
to complete the purchase on that day, the Town Clerk (Mr. J. L. 
Wheatley) made arrangements with the Solicitors for the Cardiff 
Waterworks Company to accept the purchase-money (/'300,ooo) by 
means of two cheques, one for /"i65,ooo, to be drawn upon the 
National Provincial Bank of England, Limited, Cardiff Branch, and 
the other for ,^135,000 upon the Brecon Old Bank, of which the late 
Mr. Henry Jones Evans was then the Manager. (This Bank has been 
within recent years absorbed by Lloyds Bank, Limited, who have built 
a handsome structure upon the site formerly occupied by the Brecon 
Old Bank.) 

Two days previous to the time appointed for paying the purchase 
money, the Solicitors for the Company objected to take the cheques, 
although the banks had respectively undertaken to endorse each 
cheque, that they had the moneys in hand, and were prepared to pay 
these two amounts to the Compan}-. The Town Clerk then said that 
the purchase must be completed by the time named, and as the Company 
had not adhered to the arrangement, he would cause the whole of the 
money to be paid in gold. This was communicated to the Directors, 
who became somewhat timid at the thought of counting such a vast 
sum of mone}', and pressure was brought to bear upon the Town 
Clerk by some members of the Corporation, who advised that some 
other means should be taken to pay the purchase mone}-, to which he 
reluctantly agreed, with the result that each of the aboved-mentioned 
banks requested the Bank of England to specially print two bank-notes 
for the sums of _;^i65,ooo and ^135,000. 

The hour appointed for paying the money was three o'clock, at 
the offices of the Old Waterworks Company, which were situate in 
Charles Street, Cardiff; and when the following gentlemen, who had 



CORPORATION WATERWORKS UNDERTAKING. 461 

been appointed by the Corporation to carry out the transaction on 
their behalf, namely, the then Mayor (Alderman John McConnochie), 
Alderman Daniel Jones, Alderman Henry Bowen, Councillor William 
Sanders (afterwards Alderman Sanders, who was Mayor of Cardiff for 
the year 1889-90), with the Town Clerk, attended at the National 
Provincial Bank about two p.m. on that day, they received the 
Bank of England note for /"i65,ooo, and subsequently proceeding 
to the Brecon Old Bank, they were informed by Mr. H. J. Evans that 
owing to the heavy delivery of letters all over the country the Bank of 
England note for ^^i 35,000 had not reached him. 

The deputation then told Mr. Evans that they could not leave the 
Bank until they received it, and after waiting more than an hour the 
Bank was closed, but the deputation still remained, and after the lapse 
of another 30 minutes, the postman brought the letter containing the 
Bank of England note, upon which the Deputation at once proceeded 
to the offices of the Company and completed the purchase. 

On the 1 2th January, 18S0, the Corporation passed a special 
resolution thanking these gentlemen for the valuable services they 
had rendered to the Borough, in connection with the purchase of the 
Undertaking of the Cardiff Waterworks Company, and for the highly 
satisfactory manner in which they had negotiated the loans required 
for paying the purchase money. 

Mr. John Taylor, C.E., who acted as the Engineer of the Water- 
works Company, and whose experience as one of the original pro- 
moters and directors of the Cardiff Waterworks Company was of 
considerable value, was consulted as to an extension of the existing 
works at Ely, and in a report, dated 33rd September, 1880, recom- 
mended an extension of the collecting culverts. 

The Corporation had the advice and assistance of Mr. J. A. B. 
Williams, M.Inst.C.E., &c. (who was appointed Borough Engineer of 
Cardiff on the 14th August, 1876, and who resigned on the nth June, 
1883, on his being appointed Waterworks Engineer of the Corporation, 
which latter appointment he held until his resignation on the 24th day 
of June, 1S95). 

The Corporation proceeded with the construction of a new under- 
ground collecting culvert at Ely on the north side of the river "as the 
easiest, quickest, and cheapest mode of increasing the water supplj^ 
and as the best means of tiding over the difficult}- of shortness of 



462 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

supply until new works of a larger character could be constructed 
elsewhere." These extensions cost ^10,614, and resulted in a con- 
siderable increase in the quantity of water available at that source. 

The yield was increased to 1,000,000 gallons per day in ordinary 
seasons, and to about 900,000 gallons per day during the very dry 
summers of 18S4 and 1SS7, and was of great importance to the town. 

In March, 1881, the Engineer (Mr. J. A. B. Williams) was 
instructed to prepare a report on every source yielding an abundant 
supply of water available for Cardiff and within a reasonable distance 
thereof. 

Very exhaustive reports were presented to the Corporation in 
May and August, 1S81, by Mr. Williams, dealing with the different 
sources within a considerable radius of Cardiff, and clearly showing 
that the Taff Fawr or Brecon Beacons scheme on the Old Red Sand- 
stone formation was the best source that could fulfil all the require- 
ments as to quantit}', quality, and other essential conditions for the 
suppl}' of the town and district for about 40 j'ears. The Engineer 
further recommended that the large storage reservoir at Llanishen, 
authorised by the Cardiff Waterworks Act of 1878, should be con- 
structed as large as possible within the limits of deviation, thereby 
increasing its capacity from 140 to 300 million gallons, and that 
it should be proceeded with at once, in order to utilise the surplus 
water from the Lisvane Watershed during the construction of the Taff 
Fawr Works, and thereby to avert a probable water famine, and that 
on the completion of those works the reservoir should be used for 
storing water from the Taff Fawr Valley. 

The Council were much exercised as to the best scheme to adopt, 
and in December, 1881, Mr. John F. Bateman, C.E., was asked to 
advise on the various proposals which had been made for obtaining 
further water, and in June, 1882, he presented a report recommending 
the Taff Fawr scheme as being that which, on the whole, would meet 
the present and future demands most effectually at the least cost. 

Mr. Thomas Evans, now of Assam House, Taff's Well, was then 
a member of the Cardiff Corporation, and was one of the first to 
recognise and espouse the advantages of the Taff Fawr scheme. This 
was mentioned by him at a meeting of the Corporation held on the 
14th October, 18S2. 



CORPORATION WATERWORKS UNDERTAKING, 463 

The Waterworks Committee, after considerable discussion, decided 
to construct the Llanishen Works first, and afterwards proceed with 
the Taff Fawr Works. The wisdom of this became apparent in 1SS7, 
when, in consequence of a severe drought, onl}' 14 days' suppl}- was 
at one time in store. 

The plans and the Bill for the Taff Fawr scheme were duly 
deposited in November, 1SS3. Sixteen influential petitions were pre- 
sented against the Bill, which occupied the attention of the House of 
Commons Committee from ist to 20th May, 1SS4, and cost the 
Corporation ^3,652, strenuous opposition being given by the riparian 
owners, during which the greatest water engineers of that time, 
Mr. John Frederick Bateman, C.E., Mr. Thomas Ilawksley, C.E., Mr. 
James Mansergh, C.E., Mr. George H. Hill, C.E., and Mr. J. A. B. 
Williams, C.E., together with Mr. George James Symonds, F.R.S , an 
eminent meteorologist, rendered conspicuous and able aid, and ulti- 
matel}' the proposed works were sanctioned. 

By the Cardiflf Corporation Act of 1SS4 (Part 2) the Corporation 
were empowered to collect and impound a part of the waters of the 
River TafT Fawr and its tributaries, the catchment area being 10,400 
acres. This watershed was divided into two portions, viz., the "upper 
area," containing 4,000 acres, and the "lower area," comprising 6,400 
acres. 

The idea of this partition was to enable the development of the 
"upper area" to be carried out first, thereby reducing the initial 
capital outlay, and also to allow of compensation water being given in 
respect of the "upper area" (see section 10 of the Act of 1884), 
which is equal to 331 cubic feet per minute, or practically three million 
gallons per 24 hours throughout the year, instead of giving the com- 
pensation water at once in respect of the entire watershed of 10,400 
acres, which would have been 861 cubic feet per minute or 7| million 
gallons per 24 hours. 

It was proposed to construct three storage reservoirs with a total 
capacity of 1,220 million gallons, two of these being designed on the 
"upper area" and the third at the foot of the "lower area." Also 
three balancing reservoirs at Cefn, Blackbrook, and Rhubina respec- 
tively, on the line of the conduit, and a " high level " service reservoir, 
with a set of filter beds, also at Rhubina, for the supply by gravitation 



464 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

of Penarth, Llandaff, Whitchurch, Maindj-, and Penylan. In addition 
to the foregoing, there was a 24 to 29 inch aqueduct or conduit 
connecting the storage reservoirs and passing down the valley of the 
TafT through the towns and villages of Merthyr Tydfil, Troed3'rhiw, 
Merthyr Vale, Quaker's Yard, Navigation, Pontypridd, Treforest, 
Taff's Well, and Tongwynlais to Rhubina, and from thence to the two 
storage reservoirs at Lisvane and Llanishen, a total distance of 32 
miles. 

On the 7th August, 1884, the Act received the Royal Assent, and 
no time was lost in commencing the first portion of the work, viz., 
No. 2 Storage (CantrefT) Reservoir, the three balancing reservoirs, the 
aqueduct or conduit, and the high level service reservoir and filter 
beds at Rhubina. 

The construction of the aqueduct was entered upon in October, 
18S5, and completed in September, 188S. In December, 1887, the 
three balancing reservoirs, together with the high level service reser- 
voir and filters were commenced, and in November, 1888, were satis- 
factorily completed. 

The Corporation were not, however, so fortunate as to get the 
CantrefF (No. 2) Storage Reservoir e.xpeditiously constructed, for 
although this work was commenced in the spring of 1886, it was 
not completed and opened for use until the 14th September, 1892, a 
period of six years and six months. The delay was occasioned by 
protracted and heavy litigation between the Corporation and the two 
Contractors to whom the works were successively let, but on the 13th 
June, 1 89 1, the Corporation took possession of the works and com- 
pleted the reservoir b}' their own men with gratifying results, under 
the direction o.'' their Waterworks Engineer (Mr. J. A. B. Williams). 

The embankment of Cantreff Reservoir was formed at a point in 
the valley immediately north of Nant Ddu, a shooting lodge belonging 
to Lord Tredegar, where the valley is very narrow, the hills on each 
side rising steeply. 

The watershed above this reservoir has an area of 4,000 acres, and 
consists almost entirely of mountain pasture, rising from an elevation 
of 1,080 feet at the reservoir to 2,910 feet above ordnance datum at 
the Brecon Beacons. 

The Cantreff Reservoir was formally opened by the then mayor, 
Alderman Thomas Rees, J. P., on the 14th September, 1892. 



CORPORATION WATERWORKS UNDERTAKING. 465 

The height of the embankment from foundation to top is 120 feet, 
height from bed of river 90 feet, and the greatest depth of water 73 feet. 
The length of the lake is three-quarters of a mile, and its capacity 
323 million gallons. 

The maximum carrying capacity of the conduit or aqueduct 
between the Taff Fawr Reservoirs and Cardiff, the water being taken 
direct to Llanishen Reservoir, is 12 million gallons per day, but 
when the water is taken through Rhubina Reservoir the maximum 
carrying capacity does not exceed 10 million gallons per day. 

In the month of April, 1893, the construction of No. i (Beacons) 
Reservoir was started by the Corporation, who prudently decided not 
to employ a Contractor. 

When the design for this reservoir was being matured, the 
Waterworks Engineer (Mr. J. A. B. Williams) found that the capacity 
authorised by the 1884 Act could be more than doubled by placing 
the embankment a little higher up the valley and this was also found 
to be necessary to secure a solid watertight rock foundation. 

Accordingly, by the Cardiff Corporation Act, 1S94, the Corpora- 
tion obtained the requisite power for that purpose, and on the 30th 
September, 1897, the Beacons Reservoir was opened by the present 
Chairman of the Waterworks Committee (Alderman David Jones, J. P.). 

At the present time (February, 1905) the Corporation have not 
commenced the construction of No 3 Reservoir (although the lands 
have been acquired), the lowest of the series of reservoirs authorised 
by the 1884 Act, but when it is constructed, Cardiff will have a further 
daily supply of three million gallons, making a total daily quantity of 
10,500,000 gallons in ordinary dry seasons derived from the Taff 
Fawr Valley, sufficient for a population of 420,000 at 25 gallons 
per head per day. 

When this reservoir is completed, the Corporation must give 
further compensation water to the river of 4| million gallons per 
diem. 

If needs be, another storage reservoir could be constructed between 
the Cantreff Reservoir and proposed Reservoir No. 3, which would 
very considerably augment one of the finest supplies of water both as 
to quantity and quality in the Kingdom. 

The land acquired by the Corporation for the construction of No. 
3 Reservoir amounts to about 280 acres. During the year 1902 the 



466 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Corporation were considering the desirability of making this reservoir 
larger than was originally intended, and of purchasing about 25 acres 
more land, so that it should have a capacity of 900,000,000 gallons 
instead of 670,000,000, as designed in the Parliamentary Plans 
authorised by the 18S4 Act, in order to devote the waters of 
the Cantreff and Beacons Reservoirs entirely to town supply, and to 
make No. 3 Reservoir large enough so as to ensure the delivery of 
the full quantity of the compensation water due to the entire drainage 
area of 10,400 acres, which is nearlj' 7,750,000 gallons per day over 
the longest drought. 

In the year 1895 the Corporation instructed Mr. J. A. B. Williams 
to prepare plans and references shewing the whole of the reservoirs, 
lands and other property belonging to the Corporation in use, for the 
purposes of their Undertaking. These plans were completed, and 
have since been kept up to date as further purchases of land have 
been made and works constructed. They have been placed among 
the Records of the Corporation. 

The High Level Service Reservoir and Water Tower at Penylan 
for the supply of the outlying districts of Rumney and St. Mellons, in 
addition to Penylan district and other high parts of the town, three 
additional filter beds at the " Heath," and large extensions of mains in 
the district of supply, have been constructed under the supervision of 
Mr. C. H. Priestley, M.Inst.C.E., who was appointed Waterworks 
Engineer to the Corporation on the 24th June, 1S95. 

By the Local Government Board's Provisional Orders (No. 11) 
Act, 1902, the water limits were extended so as to include the Parish 
of St. Fagans, and the Corporation, with the sanction of the Local 
Government Board, were empowered to borrow such sums as might 
be necessary for purposes of their Waterworks Undertaking, in addi- 
tion to the monies authorised to be borrowed for those purposes by 
their Acts of 1879, 18S4 and 1894. 

Money is now being borrowed for carrying out extensions to the 
Waterworks at Rhubina, Cogan, and the " Heath " ; also a service 
reservoir at Leckwith, bye-pass main from Taff Fawr Conduit near 
Llanishen Viaduct to the " Heath " Filters, relaying of the town mains 
and extensions thereof, duplicate supply for sanitary purposes, and 
other small extensions, the total estimated cost of these works being 



CORPORATION WATERWORKS UNDERTAKING. 



46; 



;^98,ooo. Several of the reservoirs and extensions are now complete 
and others are being carried out. 

The following table shews the existing reservoirs and works of 
the Corporation in 1904 : — 



Top 


Water Area. 
Roods. Perches. 


Gallons." 


51 


2 


34 


345,000,000 


45 








323,000,000 


59 


I 


23 


317,000,000 


19 


3 


34 


80,000,000 





2 


264 


2,000,000 





I 


32 


2,000,000 





2 


5i 


2,000,000 








23i 


600,000 





3 


30,! 


3,000,000 



500,000 
500,000 
700,000 

2, 160,000 



Reserooirs and Works ui Operation. 

Beacons Storage Reservoir, Tafl" Fawr 

Cantreft" ,, ,, „ 

Llanishen ,, ,, „ 

Lisvane ,, ,, ,, 

Penhill Service ,, 

Cogan „ ,, 

Leckwith „ „ 

Liandough „ ,, 

Penylan ,, ,, 

Supply Conduit from Cantreff Reservoir to Llanishen 
Reservoir (32 miles) . . 

Cefn Balancing Reservoir "en route" 

Blackbrook Balancing Reservoir " en route " 

Rhubina ,, ,, ,, .... 

Rhubina. — One open and two covered Service Reservoirs 
and five Filter Beds for " High Level Supply " 

Heath. Filter Beds. — Six Filter Beds capable of filter- 
ing six million gallons per day. One covered Service 
Reservoir containing 

CoGAN Pumping Station. — Three Engines, two Boilers, 
for High Level for Penarth District. 



]Vorks in Reserve. 

Ely Pumping Station. — Two Collecting Culverts and 

Wells, two Engines, two Boilers. 
Average yield per day, 1,000,000 gallons. 

The aggregate population supplied with water at present is 
205,000, and the consumption of water for all purposes during the 
summer of 1904 has been at the rate of about 26 gallons per head 
per day. 

The water now available from the two storage reservoirs in the 
Taff Fawr Valley (after giving 3,000,000 gallons per day for compen- 
sation to the river) and the two storage reservoirs at Llanishen and 
Lisvane, is nearly seven million gallons per day in very dry years of 
120 days' drought. 



46S 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



The expenditure hitherto incurred (31st March, 1904) on these 
wori<s amount to /^ 1,264., 2, J 4, but notwithstanding this fact, the cost 
to the town up to the end of 1S90 was nothing. 

Since then, however, certain grants of mone^' have been made 
from the rates in aid of the expenditure, as follows : — 



Year endinj 



1st March, 1891 
1892 

1893 
1894 

1895 



^5.000 
/6,ooo 

;/^8,000 

^12,000 

£^3,337 

^10,908 

-^7,868 

^8,006 

^13.587 
^8,881 

^10,250 
/9o78 

^12,307 



1897 - 

1898 - 

1899 - 

1900 - 

1901 - 

1902 - 

1903 - 

1904 - 
One penny in the £ upon the net rateable value for District Rate 

purposes of Cardiff produces about _;^4,076. 

All the districts around Cardiff look to the Cardiff Corporation to 
supply them with water, and the local governing bodies are thereby 
relieved of the great responsibility resting upon public authorities in 
respect thereof, the whole burden, as well as the cost and risk, falling 
upon the Cardiff Council. 

In consequence of the increase of the population of Cardiff and 
surrounding districts, the Corporation have been obliged, as has been 
shewn, to take great precautions to ensure an adequate supply for 
many years. To do this has been a considerable task, entailing the 
preparation of exhaustive reports and the making of numerous 
enquiries. 

Grave consideration has also been given to such a question as the 
quality of water, with the result that with the construction of the 
reservoirs and works in the Taf^" Fawr Valley, the districts surrounding 
Cardiff, as well as the borough itself, are provided with water of the 
purest quality in abundance by the Cardift" Corporation. 



CORPORATION WATERWORKS UNDERTAKING. 



469 



Since the Corporation acquired the undertaking of the Water- 
works Company, the following gentlemen have held the responsible 
position of Chairman of the Waterworks Committee : — 

Date of Appointment. 

23rd December, 1879. — Alderman Daniel Jones, j.P.,who was Mayor 
of Cardiff during the years 1S74 and 1875, 
and who died on the 26th day of October, 
1S87. 

iith November, 18S1. — Councillor (now Sir) Alfred Thomas, Mayor 
of Cardiff 1 88 1-2, who is the Member of 
Parliament for East Glamorgan. 

I ith November, i886. — Alderman David Jones, J. P., the present 
chairman, who was Mayor of Cardiff for 
the year ending 9th November, 188S-9. 

ToWiN Hall, 

Cardiff, 

ibt February, 1905. 




f-tiw -n-sw ,v««^ 







OLD COTTAGE AT PHILOG. 




CHAPTER X. 

Ibistov^ of Cbuistopbev %ove, riD.H. 

By T. H. THOMAS. 




HRISTOPHER LOVE, M.A., 
was born at Cardiff in the year 
i6iS. He came at an early age 
under the influence of Erbury, 
who encouraged him to study 
at Oxford, where he entered 
into Orders ; but refusing to 
subscribe to the canons enjoined 
by Archbishop Laud, he was 
expelled the congregation of Masters, and went to London, 
where he eventually became one of the most eminent 
of Presbyterian Divines of the time. Love was one of the 
Commissioners for the Parliament at the Treaty at Uxbridge, one of the 
Assembly of Divines and chosen minister of St. Lawrence Jewry; yet 
he signed the declaration against the execution of King Charles. His 
distrust of the action of Cromwell deepened, and his house in London 
became the resort of many sympathisers with the Scottish Presby- 
terians even after the battle of Dunbar. He, with others frequenting 
his house, were tried for high treason before the High Court of Justice 
in Westminster Hall under certain Acts of Parliament bearing date 
29th March, 1650, and other then recent dates. The President of the 
High Court was Judge Keeble, and Attorney-General Prideaux prose- 



HISTORY OF CHRISTOPHER LOVE, M.A. 471 

cuted. After a trial of six days, in which he made his own defence 
until the fifth day, when Mr. Hales was assigned his counsel upon 
points of law. Love was found guilty of treason in having been 
cognisant of letters passing between supporters of the Scottish Presby- 
terians and of Charles Stewart with the view of combining their forces, 
and other offences. He was sentenced to be beheaded, and the sen- 
tence was carried out on Tower Hill August 22nd, 1651. 

Owing to the form of his trial, the acuteness and pertinacity of his 
defence, his high reputation, and the affecting events of his last days, 
Love was looked upon as a martyr by the whole of the Presbyterian 
party. 

From the voluminous accounts of the trial man}' facts concerning 
the life of Love may be extracted which may form a brief auto- 
biography. He speaks as follows in the "speech at his death": — 

"Though I am a man of an obscure Family, of mean 
" Parentage, so that my blood is not as the blood of Nobles 
" . . . yet it is innocent blood also." 

" I desire this day to magnifie God, the riches of His 
" Glorious Grace, that such an one as I, born in an obscure 
" Country (in Wales), of obscure Parents, that God should 
"... single me out from amongst all my kindred 
"... that when as the first 1 4 years of my Life I never 
"heard a Sermon, yet in the 15th year of my life God 
" (through his Grace) did convert me . . . yet it is my 
"glory that I die a despised Minister." 

A reference to Erbury occurs in Love's " Cleare and Necessary 
Vindication," a pamphlet of 43 pages, written 14 days before his 
death, to clear himself from aspersions upon his personal character. 
He says : — 

" It is reported that I neglected Mr. Erbury, who was 
" the means of my conversion and education, that when he 
"was plundered in IVaUs and came to England in a 
" necessitous condition that I would not relieve him." 

" As for Master Erbury, though he is fallen into 
" dangerous opmions, yet, he being my spirituall Father, I do 
" naturally care for him, as Timothy did for Paul, my Heart 



472 CARDIFF RECORDS 

'■' cleaves to him in Love, more than to any one man in the 
" World ; I speak to the praise of God, he was the instru- 
" ment to my conversion, near twenty years agoe, and the 
" means of my education also in the University, for which 
"kindness, the halfe I have in the World, I could readily 
" part with for his reliefe. It is true, about eight or nine 
"years since, he was plundered in IValcs and did come 
" to see me at IVuidsor Castle, but a sonne could not make 
" more of a Father than I made uf him . . . when I 
" had not Twelve pounds in all the World, I lei 
" Master Erbury have six of it, indeed he afterwards gave 
" me a horse, for which I received not much above forty 
" shillings ; yea, I procured him a place in the Army, to be 
" Chaplaine to Major Generall Skippon's Regiment, where 
" he had 8 shillings a day." 

As to his sympathy with the cause of the Parliament, he says : — 

"I was . . . more than many ... I did not 
" only deem it mj- dut}' to preach for the lawfulness of 
"a Defensive War, but, unlesse my Books and wearing 
" apparel, I contributed all that 1 had in the World, and 
"that was no small sum, considering the meaneness of my 
" condition." 

"Touching my sufferings," he continues, "I may say 
" that my whole life hath been a time of affliction, either of 
" body or mind, God sees my Heart to be a tufife and knotty 
"piece, that it needs so many blows to break it," 

and he recites that he was the lirst Oxford Scholar to publicly 
refuse subscription to Archbishop Laud's " Canons." On arrival in 
London the bishop opposed his obtaining the lectureship to "Ann 
Aldersgate." Then, in 1640, he was "imprisoned in New Castle for a 
protest against 'the errors of the service book,' and was removed by 
habeas corpus to King's Bench, London, where he was acquitted." 
He was accused of treason for maintaining the lawfulness of a defen- 
sive war at Tenterden, but was acquitted, with costs against 
accuser ; was accused b}- tiie King's Commissioners for a sermon at 
Uxbridge, but was discharged by the House of Commons. After 




CnklsTolMll K L. 



HISTORY OF CHRISTOPHER LOVE, M.A. 473 

the change of government he was cited before the " Committee of 
Plundered Ministers," but discharged. 

" But now last of all this great and last tryal and trouble 
" is come upon me ! " 

Some time elapsed between the sentence and tiie execution. 
Great efforts were made to save Love, and in the pamphlet " Love's 
Name Lives" petitions presented on his behalf to Parliament by his 
wife "Mistris Love" are given, together with " Severall letters that 
"interchangeably passed between them a little before his death." 

These open to the reader most afifecting circumstances. 

" The Humble Pefiiion of Mary, the Distressed Wife of Christopher Love" 
sheweth : — 

"That whereas the High Court of Justice hath lately sentenced 
to death her dear and tender Husband ... in the execution of 
which sentence your poor hand-maid should become an unhappy 
widow and the Miserable Mother of two young fatherlesse children ; 
and shee being so near her appointed hour, having sorrow upon 
sorrow, be forced, through unexpressable grief, to bow down in travel], 
and give up the ghost ; and so with one blow, there be destroyed both 
Father, and Mother, and Babe in one day," Sec, Sec. 

Upon this, on the 15th July, 1651, the Commons voted a respite 
of one month, during which Mrs. Love continued to petition, without 
further effect. Meanwhile a series of letters passed between husband 
and wife. He writes : — 

"More (icarc to me than ever. ... I dare not think 
" there is such a Creature as Mary Love in the world ; for 
" Kit and Mall I can leave them without trouble, leaving 
" them so good a God and so good a Mother." 



She writes 



" My Heavenly Dear, I call thee so, because God hath 
put heaven into theee, before he hath taken thee to Heaven. 

"O lift up thy Heart with Joy, when thou layest thy 
dear head on the block . . . that thou art laying thy 
head to rest in thy Father's bosome . . . Now, My 



474 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

" Dear, I desire willingly and cheerfully to resign my right 
" in thee to thy Father and my Father." 

On the day of his execution Love writes : — 

" My Most Gracious Beloved" " I am now going from a 
" prison to a Palace. ... I am going to Heaven, where 
" are two of my Children, and leaving thee on earth where 
" there are three of my Babes ; those two above need not 
" my care, but the three below need thine. ... I know 
" thou art a woman of a sorrowful spirit . . . yet be 
"comforted, though thy sorrow be great for thy Husband's 
"going out of the World ; yet thy paines shall be the lesse 
" in bringing thy child into the world ; thou shall be a joyful 
" Mother though thou beest a sad widow," &c. 

He closes with eight paragraphs of "practical Councels." 

"Mr. Love was brought from the Tower ... to the scaffold 
on Tower Hill about two o'clock in the afternoon " accompanied by 
the Ministers Ash, Calamy and Manton, personal friends. He asked 
for libert}' to speak and pray, which was given. He made a long 
exculpatory speech which makes seven pages quarto, and prayed. 

" When he was preparing to lay his head upon the block A/r. 
Ashe said to him : — Dear Brother, how dost thou find thy heart ? 
Mr. Love : I bless God, Sir, I am as full of joy and comfort as ever 
my heart can hold. The last words he was heard to speak were these: 
' Blessed be God for Jesus Christ.' 

" Then he laid himself down upon the Scaffold with his head over 
the Block, and when he stretched out his hands, the Executioner 
severed his head from his body at one blow." 




MiNisTHK oi- The Tap.kkn alli. \\"kl-,h Haitist Cf 
The Hayes, Cardiff. i.S2S-i.S32. 



HISTORY OF RAWLINS WHITE. 



History of one RAWLINS WHITE. 

The burning oF Raul ins, Martyr. 




The HisTORiE 

OF ONE 

RAWLINS WHITE, 

Burned at Cardiffe 

IN Wales, 

ABOUT THE MONETH 

OF March, 

for the testimonie of 

Christes Gospel, 

REPORTED BY JoHN DaNE 

being yet ALIUE, 

WHO WAS ALMOST 

CONTINUALLY WITH HYM 

DURING HIS TROUBLE, 

VNTo HIS Death. 



The above is the heading of an account, under date March 1555, 
occupying pages 1474-6 in Foxe's " Actes and Monuments of Christes 
Martyrs" Editn. 1576. The following is extracted largely from that 
account. 

" This Rawlins was by his calling a fisherman having a 
continuing in the said trade by the space of twenty years in 
the towne of Cardiffe, being one of a very good name. . . . 
he began to be a diligent hearer and searcher out of the 
Truth." Being unlearned, he set his little son to school to 
learn to read English, and " his father every night after 
supper Sommer and Winter would have the boy to reade 
a piece of the Holy Scripture." In time he was able to 
instruct others, and by means of a singularly retentive 



476 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

memory " in so much that upon the alleging of Scripture 
very often would cite the booke the leafe, yea and the very 
sentence." Soon after the accession of Queen Mary, Rawlins 
White's doings attracted the attention of the Bishop of 
Llandaflf by whom "after divers combates and conflictes with 
hym and his chaplaynes this good Father was committed to 
prison in Chepstow . . . but this hys keepj'ng . . . was 
not so severe and extreme, but that he might have escaped 
oftentymes." Upon the Bishop moving from Chepstow (the 
house at Mathern) White was transferred to Cardiff Castle 
for a 3'ear, when his further trial was decided upon and took 
place in the chapel at Mathern ; it was held "not without 
a great number of other bydwellers that came to behold 
the manner of their doings." The account shews that the 
Bishop used every fair persuasion to induce Rawlins White 
to recant but without avail for " Rawlins betooke himselfe 
to prayer .... untyl suche tyme as the Priests came 
to the Sacring . . . when Rawlins heard the Sacring Bell 
ring he rose out of his place and came to the Quiere door, 
and there standing a wh3'le turned himselfe to the People 
speaking these words: — Good People if there be any brethren 
amongst you, or at the least if there be one brother amongst 
you, the same one bear witness at the daye of judgment that 
I bowe not to this Idoll." 

Still the Bishop endeavoured to persuade White to 
recant without success so definite sentence was pronounced 
upon him and he was transferred to Cardiff "there to be put 
into the prison of the towne called Cockmarel, a very dark, 
lothsome and most vile prison." Here he passed the time 
in prayer . . . "and chiefly in singing of Psalmes which 
godly exercises he always used both at Cardiff Castle and at 
all other places." 

He remained in Cockmarell about three weeks when 
" the Head Officers of the Town that had the charge of his 
Execution were determined to burne hym . . . having not 
indeed a writ of execution awarded, as by the law they should 
have. Whereupon one Henrye Lewes the Recorder of the 
Towne . . . came to them and told them that if they 



HISTORY OF RAWLINS WHITE. 477 

did burne hym before they had the writ dc hacreticis combn- 
rciidis, the Wyfe of the said Rawlins would upon just cause 
by lawe, call their doinges into question." 

A Writ was obtained and Rawlins White knowing his 
time was come commanded his wife that "she should make 
ready and send unto hym his wedding garments, meaning a 
shirt, which afterwards he was burned in, which request 
. . . his wife with great sorrow and griefe of hart dyd 
performe which he received most gladly and joyfully." When 
he suffered he had this long shirt and an old russet coat, 
and upon his legs an old pair of leather buskins, and he was 
" garded with a great Companye of Bylies and Gleaves." 

" So he came to a place in his waye, whereat his 
poore wyfe and children stoode weepyng and makyng great 
lamentation; the suddene sight of whom so pierced his hart, 
that the very teares trickled down his face." At the place 
of execution the "stake was ready set up with some wood 
toward the making of the fire, which when he beheld he set 
forward himseife very boldly, but in going toward the stake 
he fell downe upo his knees and kissed the ground and in 
rising agayne the earth a little sticking on his nose he said 
these words: — Earth unto Earth and dust unto dust thou 
art my Mother and unto thee shall I return." White then 
set his back to the stake, and said to John Dane "I feele a 
great fighting belweene the flesh and the spirite, and the 
flesh would very fain have his swinge, therefore I pray you 
when you see me anywaye tempted, holde your finger up to 
me, and I trust I shall remember myself." The Smith now 
came to chain him, to whom he said "I pray you good friend 
knocke the chaine fast for it may be that the flesh would 
strive mightily." Rawlins and the people of whom there 
were many "because it was market day" were then addressed 
by a priest with whom White disputed until some cryed out 
"put fire! set to fire; which being set to, the strawe and 
reede by and bye cast up both a great and a suddaine flame, 
in the which flame this good and blessed man bathed his 
hands so long until such time as the sinews shrouke "... 
whereas before he was wont to go stooping, 'having a sad 



478 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 



countenance . . . nowe he stretched up hymself not only 
bolt upright, but also bare withal a most pleasant and com- 
fortable countenance . . . that he seemed to be altogether 
angelical." 
Further exact details are given of the torture suffered. The 
Narrator adds : — 

" He was at the tyme of his death of the age of three 
score years or thereabouts." 
For other references to Rawlins White reference should be made 
to Vol. I., pp. 213, 235, where, under date 1542-3, " half a burgage in 
tenure of Rawlyn ffysher" is described, showing his residence to have 
been about the site of the present great warehouses in Westgate 
Street, next to the County Offices. According to the second reference 
"Rawlyn White" farmed five "fishery hengis " on the Taff and sea 
shore. 

Tradition gives two sites as the place of the burning, one in the 
High Street, near the opening of Church Street, the other in 
St. John's Square, just north of St. John's Church. 

T. H. T. 




THE TABERNACLE CHAPEL. 



NOTES ON MAP OF THE MANORS. 479 

Notes on Map of the Manors. 

By John Stuart Corbett. 

^—■^^^—^HE Map is an attempt to illustrate to some extent the 

^m '~\ situation and boundaries of the old manors or lord- 

^^^ J ships and estates of various monasteries in the 

^ — neighbourhood of Cardiff, so as to afford some 

assistance to those who wish to understand the state of things 

subsisting in mediaeval times. 

It cannot be regarded as more than generally correct with respect 
to the main divisions. 

The signification of the various colours is as follows : — 

1. The Castle and Borough of Cardiff (meaning strictly the old 
walled town, not including the liberties) are edged with vermillion. 

2. The district coloured pink is the old Lordship or Manor of 
Roath. The exact status of the lands within the liberties (that is 
those within the parishes of St. John the Baptist and St. Mary) 
as compared with those outside, as regards tenure, &c., is an inter- 
esting matter of investigation, which cannot be entered upon here. 
All except the lands of monasteries are coloured in the same way upon 
this map, for the reason that the whole were administered with Roath, 
and probably accounted part of that manor, and the rents nearly all 
collected and accounted for by its Reeve. There were some small 
exceptions. 

Further, within the lands coloured pink upon the map there were 
scattered portions of comparatively small extent, chiefly upon the moors, 
forming, or reputed to form, portions of the manors of Spittle, Roath 
Keynsham and Liystalybont. The Grey Friars, and the Abbeys of 
Margam and Tewkesbury, also had lands upon the moors, the exact 
position of which, in most cases, it would be difficult or impossible 
now to distinguish. I'he lands coloured pink in Llanishen and 
Lisvane were parts of the manor of Roath, as is shown by their 
owners paying rents to that manor. 

3. Griffiths Moor, so often referred to in the Records, is well 
ascertained. It is coloured orange or sienna on the map. It was 
dealt with under the old name in a deed of the early part of the 
nineteenth centur}'. 



.,So CARDIFF RECORDS. 

4. The Manor of Llystalybont, in five portions shown on the 
map, is coloured blue. The main authority for its boundaries is a 
Survey of 1653, but in several respects this is supported by other 
authorities, and no doubt need be felt that the lands coloured blue on 
the map formed, in later times, portions of that manor, which was one 
of those held directly of the chief lord as of his Castle of Cardiff, 
until acquired by the then Earl of Pembroke in the reign of James I. 
There were some other very small properties in Cardiff, &c., reputed 
to belong to this manor. 

5. Roath Keynsham is coloured green. It is treated in this 
respect differently from the other monastic manors, because of its 
importance and its main bounds being well defined in a Survey 
of 1703. In that Survey some additional lands on the moors (Pengam, 
&c.) are claimed as belonging to this manor, but this point, and the 
precise boundaries of the lands, are too doubtful to allow of distin- 
guishing them on the map. 

6. The Lordship of Llandaff is coloured grey or neutral tint, 
as is the Splott, which certainly was part of that Lordship, though 
long in separate hands. The old Lordship or manor of Llandaff 
probably did not include the whole of the modern parish of that 
name, and on the other hand did include Splott and part of the 
modern parish of Whitchurch. 

7. Coloured brown on the map is what is there called the 
" Welsh Country of Kibbor." That expression is perhaps preferable 
to " Tribeland " used elsewhere, because it does not seem likely that 
the old Welsh "tribal" customs survived in this district in mediaeval 
times. Still, no doubt this district was held by Welshmen, freely, 
owing no service but suit of court, and not according to feudal tenure. 
It must be noted, however, that not absolutely the whole of the country 
coloured brown was held in this way. Small portions (possibly from 
forfeiture) came to be held of Roath, and a considerable portion of the 
parish of Llanedeyrn was for many centuries held by the lords of 
Dinas Powys, and termed in some documents a Manor. Mainly, 
however, the brown colour represents " the Welsh Country." 

8. The portions coloured purple on the map represent estates, 
sometimes spoken of as "manors" of different monasteries. Monachd}', 
to the west of the Great Heath and between two portions of Llystaly- 
bont, belonged, no doubt, to Llantarnam Abbey. 



MANORS, 

Borough of 

Eoath Dogfle: 
llystalybont J 
Eoath Keyns: 
LlandaiF 
Estates < 
Keyns 
Welsh Counti 
Griffiths MooJ 
Great and lJ 



oo^l 



^/T' 



48o CARDIFF RECORDS. 

4. The Manor of Llystalybont, in five portions shown on the 
map, is coloured blue. The main authority for its boundaries is a 
Survey of 1653, but in several respects this is supported by other 
authorities, and no doubt need be felt that the lands coloured blue on 
the map formed, in later times, portions of that manor, which was one 
of those held directly of the chief lord as of his Castle of Cardiff, 
until acquired by the then Earl of Pembroke in the reign of James I. 
There were some other very small properties in Cardiff, &c., reputed 
to belong to this manor. 

5. Roath Keynsham is coloured green. It is treated in this 
respect differently from the other monastic manors, because of its 
importance and its main bounds being well defined in a Survey 
of 1703. In that Survey some additional lands on the moors (^Pengam, 
&c.) are claimed as belonging to this manor, but this point, and the 
precise boundaries of the lands, are too doubtful to allow of distin- 
guishing them on the map. 

6. The Lordship of Llandaff is coloured grey or neutral tint, 
as is the Splott, which certainly was part of that Lordship, though 
long in separate hands. The old Lordship or manor of Llandaff 
probably did not include the whole of the modern parish of that 
name, and on the other hand did include Splott and part of the 
modern parish of Whitchurch. 

7. Coloured brown on the map is what is there called the 
" Welsh Country of Kibbor." That expression is perhaps preferable 
to " Tribeland '' used elsewhere, because it does not seem likely that 
the old Welsh "tribal" customs survived in this district in mediaeval 
times. Still, no doubt this district was held by Welshmen, freely, 
owing no service but suit of court, and not according to feudal tenure. 
It must be noted, however, that not absolutely the whole of the country 
coloured brown was held in this way. Small portions (possibly from 
forfeiture) came to be held of Roath, and a considerable portion of the 
parish of Llanedeyrn was for man}' centuries held by the lords of 
Dinas Powys, and termed in some documents a Manor. Mainly, 
however, the brown colour represents " the Welsh Country." 

8. The portions coloured purple on the map represent estates, 
sometimes spoken of as "manors" of different monasteries. Monachdy, 
to the west of the Great Heath and between two portions of Llystaly- 
bont, belonged, no doubt, to Llantarnam Abbey. 



NOTES OF MAP ON THE MANORS. 481 

The exact bounds of some of these are difficult to ascertain on 
account of the absence of detailed surveys, but there is no doubt as 
to their general situation. 

The Grange Farm, west of the Little Heath, belonged to Llan- 
tarnam Abbey or to Margam, probably to the latter. No doubt the 
point could be cleared up. The lands of the Black Friars are indicated 
to the west, those of the Grey Friars to the east of the castle. The 
farm of "Grange of Moor" (Grangetown being named from this) 
belonged to Margam. 

Another piece of territory, coloured purple, adjoins the Rumney 
River in the parish of Llanede3'rn. This probably belonged to the 
Augustine canons regular of Bristol, who certainly had lands here, 
though whether the purple colour quite correctly shews their territory 
there may be some doubt. 

9. Kibbor is marked upon the map " Kibbor," and its boun- 
daries shewn by a hard line on the north and east and in part upon 
the west. The reason for markmg the boundary by a dotted line on 
the remainder of the western side is as follows : — Leland speaks of a 
"Commote "of Kibbor and a "Commote" of Llandaff. Now these 
are old Welsh terms, and though there was a Commote of Kibbor, it 
seems doubtful whether "Llandaff" was ever the name of a commote. 

Further, Leland describes the commote of Llandaff as extending 
east of the Taff, i.e., taking in that portion of the parish of Llandaff 
which is east of that river. On account of what he says the dotted 
line has been carried round that portion of Llandaff parish which is 
east of the Taff. It appears most probable, however, that in fact the 
Taff was the boundary of Kibbor in the old Welsh days, and that all 
east of it was in that Commote. 

Then what is to be said about the portions of the parishes of 
St. John the Baptist and St. Mary which are west of the Taff? 

Leland does not include them in Kibbor, for he makes the Taff 
the boundary here, and this probably is right. 

10. It has been left to the last to mention that the Great and 
Little Heaths are coloured yellow on the map. The authority for the 
boundaries of these is simply the map prepared when they were 
enclosed in 1801. There can be very little doubt that since common 
of pasture was originally granted over them to the burgesses of 
Cardiff they had been to some extent encroached upon, and that the 
limits of the Heaths were somewhat smaller at the time of the 
inclosure than had been the case in earlier times. I k 



&^M f®^ 




CHAPTER XI. 



flDembers of pavliainent for darbiff. 



By W. R. WILLIAMS. 




URING the three centuries and a 
half that the Borough has returned 
a representative to Westminster, 
man}- eminent men have placed 
their services at the disposal of 
Cardiff; and it is therefore the 
more matter for congratulation 
that in nearly every instance were 
they Glamorganshire men, and scions of the foremost 
county families. Such well-known houses as Morgan of 
Tredegar, Herbert of Cogan, Lewis of the Van, Mansel of 
Margam, and Stradling of St. Donat's, all supplied 
Members for Cardiff, followed in later times by the Windsors and 
Mackworths, while from 1790 the Stuarts held the chief political 
influence for many years, no less than five of the family representing 
the constituency. In the long roll of representatives may be 
mentioned the names of such eminent Civilians as John Cokk (1547) 
and the Right Hon. John Nicholl (1832), who were both Dean of the 
Arches, the latter being also Judge Advocate General. Of Ambassa- 
dors were Sir Philip Hoby (1548), who was also Master of the 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 4S3 

Ordnance to Henry VIII., and Algernon Sidney (1646) who met 
his death on the scaffold on Tower Hill. Of Soldiers were Colonel 
William Herbert (1640), who died for his King at Edgehill, and Lord 
Evelyn Stuart (1794), while his brother Lord William Stuart (1802) 
appears, curious to relate, to have been the only Sailor chosen for 
Cardiff. Among the Politicians may be mentioned Francis Gwyn 
(1685), who was Secretary of War, and John NichoU and Sir Edward 
Reed (1880), who both held the office of Lord of the Treasury, while 
of Cowiicrs were Sir Philip Hoby, who was a Gentlemen of the Privy 
Chamber to Edward VI., and Sir Robert Thomas (1661), who held a 
similar appointment at the Court of Charles II. During the Great 
Civil War the two Herberts (1621 and 1640), and Sir Richard Lloyd 
(1661) were Royalists, while Algernon Sidney' (1646), John Price 
(1654), and Col. Bussy Mansel (1660), were staunch supporters of the 
Commomvcalth. It might have been expected that, standing so near 
the Marches, Cardiff would have supplied more than one " Welsh 
Judge," but only Sir Richard Lloyd was Chief Justice of the Cardiff 
Circuit. The most distinguished of the Defeated Candidates were 
Admiral Matthews (1734), tiie present Lord Chancellor, Lord 
Halsbury (1S6S), and Viscount Hampden (1S86), the present Governor 
of New South Wales. 

The earliest instance on record, of a contested election for Cardiff, 
is in 1660; and though the figures of the poll have been lost, yet it 
appears that it resulted in a Double Return of both candidates, and a 
consequent petition. Curiously enough, a nearly similar event took 
place the following year, though a little more complicated. There 
were other contests and petitions in 1679 and 1734, but the only 
further contest previous to the passing of the Reform Act, 1S32, seems 
to have been in 1820. The Conservative candidate held the seat 
1832-52, and the Liberals supplied all the Members 1852-95, when 
once more the Conservative headed the poll. The following is the 

LIST OF MEMBERS. 

1536 June I 

... ( Returns lost. 

1539 April ) 

1542 January John Bassett. 

It is probable that this Member, who was usually called John 
Thomas Bassett, was of Llantrithyd and the eldest son of Thomas 



484 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Bassett of that place (who was a younger son of the Beaupre family, 
but acquired the Manor of Llantrithyd with his wife.) The Bassetts 
were of Norman descent, and flourished in Glamorganshire from the 
time of Edward I. John Thomas Bassett was born in 1507, and was 
of the Inner Temple in 1542. He was M.P. for Cardiff 1542-4, and 
for Glamorganshire 1547-51, and was High Sheriff of the County 
1545, in which year he purchased the Manor of Talawan and half 
Peterston-super-Ely from the Crown. He married (i) Alice, daughter 
of Thomas Love of Dinas Powis, and (2) Elizabeth, daughter of 
Andrew Norton, of Bristol, and sister of Sir George Norton of 
Abbot's Leigh. He died 20 July 1551, aged 44, and was buried 
at Llantrithyd, beneath an altar tomb of unusual magnificence. 

1545 October. Return lost. 

1547 September 26. John Cokk. 
This eminent civilian, whose name was spelt in so many various 
ways, was the son of William Cock of Wormley, Hants, by Joan 
Forster, and married Ann, daughter and heir of Thomas Goodyer. 
Having been admitted a member of the College of Advocates, he 
acquired a considerable practice in ecclesiastical matters, and was 
Dean of the Arches (as John Cockys) 1543-5, Vicar-General to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury 1543-56, and a Master of Requests to 
Queen Mary. He was probabh' concerned in the suppression of the 
monasteries, for he received a grant from the King, 36 Henr}' 8, 
of the rectory of Whitegate, Cheshire, and the advowson of the 
vicarage ; and furthermore was granted by the Crown " the site of a 
house of Franciscan or Grey Friers in Chester, and also of a Monastery 
of Preaching or Black Friers, and of other religious houses in Chester." 
[Pennant's Tour.) He was M.P. for Oxford (as John Kook) December 
1 541-4, Cardiff 1547, till he resigned his seat about 1548 in order to 
be returned for Hertfordshire, which he represented till 1552 and 
again 9 February to 31 March 1553, March to May 1554 (as 
John Corkes), November 1554 to January 1555, and (as Sir John 
Hokett or John Cobbys) October to December 1555. He probably 
died in i ;s6. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 485 

1548 (about). Sir Philip Hoby, knight, 
vice Cock, returned for Herts. Sir Philip Hoby of Bisham was a 
very well-known personage in his day. He was a Herefordshire man, 
the son of William Hoby of Leominster, and was born in 1504 and 
knighted 30 September 1544. He married Elizabeth, only daughter 
of Sir Walter Stonor of Stonor, Oxfordshire, and relict of Sir William 
Compton, and died 31 May 1558, aged 53. Sir Philip was made 
Master of the Ordnance 1545, and seems to have held that important 
post for the greater part, if not all, of the rest of his life. He was also 
a member of the Privy Council. He was Master of the Ordnance and 
a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Edward VI., who wrote about 
him on 28 March 1553 to William Dansell, Receiver General of 
Wards and Liveries, as follows : — " We have sent him [as Ambassador] 
to the Emperor [Charles V. of Germany], and have appointed him five 
marks by the day, which we require you to pay from the 23rd inst. 
until his return, with three months' payment in advance ; also to 
repay him sums defrayed for post horses and transport of himself and 
train, and for sending letters to us or our Council, or on our service." 
On 3 April 1653 Sir Philip gave a receipt to Dansell "for six 
months' diet as Ambassador to the Emperor, at five marks a day, from 
23 March to 18 September next.'' This was not his first ambas- 
sage, for a Minute of Council, 16 October 1549, having ordered Sir 
Thomas Cheyne and Dr. Wotton to be sent to the Emperor of 
Germany to declare the causes of the Duke of Somerset's removal 
from his office of Protector, Sir Philip Hoby was afterwards sent in 
the place of Dr. Wotton. As Master of the Ordnance he wrote letters 
from the Tower to Secretary Cecil, on 26 and 28 July and i and 
3 August 1552, which are still preserved; and on 30 November 
1557 he wrote to Sir William Cecil, inviting him and his lady to spend 
Christmas with him at his seat at Bisham (Calendar of State Papers.) 
He was a ver}' great man at Leominster, whose Corporation made a 
great display at his funeral. One of the family, Peregrine Hoby, 
resided at Neath Abbey, having married Catherine, grand-daughter of 
Sir John Herbert, M.P., Secretary of State, of that place. 

1553 January 30. David Ev.ans. 
David Evans of the Great House, Neath, was the eldest son of 
Evan ap David of Gnoll, and married Catherine, daughter of Sir 



4S^ CARDIFF RECORDS. 

William Vaughan of Porthamal, Brecknockshire. He was M.P. for 
Cardiff in three Parliaments — Januarj' to March 1553, September to 
December 1553, and (as David Jevans) March to May 1554. He was 
High Sheriff of Glamorgan 1562. 



1553 September 1 1. 

1554 March. 



The same. 



1554 November 5. William Colchester. 

William Colchester of Cardiff was member November 1554 to 
January 1555, ^"<^ ^vas perhaps a member of the Gloucestershire 
family of that name. He left a widow, Ann, who re-married to 
William Herbert, 3'ounger son of John Herbert. 

1555 October. William Herbert. 
The return has been lost, but it is probable that the Member was 
Captain William Herbert, otherwise called (in Clarke's Genealogies) 
Captain William Herbert Bach. He was the elder son of Philip 
Herbert of Llandilo (brother to the William Herbert who married 
William Colchester's widow), and married (i) Elizabeth, daughter of 
Jenkin Turberville of Penllyne, and (2) Maiy, second daughter of 
Thomas Lewis of the Van, High Sheriff 1569, and widow of Humphrey 
Mathew of Castell-y-myneich. 

155S January. Lleisan Price. 
Lleisan Price of Briton Ferry, otherwise Leyson ap Rees or 
Leyshon Price, was the eldest son of Rhys ap Evan of Ynys-y-maerdy 
and Cwrt-y-carnau, and married Maud, eldest daughter of the above 
David Evans of Gnoll (see 1553.) He was admitted a student of the 
Inner Temple February 1549, called to the bar 155-, and was elected 
a Bencher of his Inn 1568. 

1559 January. Return torn or defaced, and the name of the 
Member unknown. 

1563 January. Henry Lewes. 
Probably of Cardiff, and Under-Sheriff of Glamorgan, 1552. He 
was M.P. for Cardiff 1563-7. It is doubtful if he was the same person 
as Henry Lewis of Mathern, who was High Sheriff 1558. If so he 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 487 

was son of John Lewis, the Sheriff 1546 (who was third son of Henry 
Lewis of St. Pierre, the Sheriff 1544.) Henry Lewis's will was 
dated 161 3. 

1 57 1 April. Henry Morgan. 

It is doubtful who he was. He may have been Henry Morgan 
of Lanrhymny, who was younger son of Rowland Morgan of 
Machen, and brother to Thomas Morgan, M.P. for Monmouthshire 
1588 (ancestor of Lord Tredegar); and, if so, married Catherine, 
daughter and heir of William Kemeys of Lanrhymny. It appears, 
however, more probable that he was his cousin Henry Morgan, of 
Llandaff in 1574, and afterwards of Pen-llwyn-sarth, who was eldest 
son of Edmund Morgan of Pen-llwyn-sarth and married Lienor, 
daughter of John Morgan of Pencraig. If so, he was High Sheriff of 
Monmouthshire 1588, and father of the Members for that county in 
1601 and 1614. Among the Commissioners for holding the Inqnisitio 
post mortem of Thomas Lewis of the Van, at Cardiff 15 April 1595, 
appears the name of Henry Morgan, gent. 

1572 April. David Roberts. 

David Roberts of Cardiff was Under-Sheriff of Glamorgan 1571, 
and M.P. for Cardiff 1572-83 and February to April 1593. He sold 
some lands to the abovementioned Thomas Lewis of the Van. Owing 
to complaints made to the Council of the prevalence of piracy at 
Cardiff, Fabian Phillips (afterwards a Welsh Judge) and Thomas 
Lewys were commissioned to take steps to inquire into the matter; 
and on 24 April 1577 they wrote from Cardiff to the Council, 
enclosing "proofs against William Harbart and David Roberts esqrs., 
for buying goods unlawfully from the Commissioners [of Customs] at 
Cardiff" 

1584 November. Nicholas Herbert. 

Nicholas Herbert of Cogan Pill and Swansea was the third son 
of Matthew Herbert of Swansea, and grandson of Sir George Herbert, 
M.P. for Glamorgan 1542. He married (i) Mary Morgan, and (2) 
Catherine or Jennet, daughter and heir of John Thomas Edward of 
Crindau, and widow of Miles Herbert, third son of Sir Walter Herbert 
of St. Julian's, Monmouthshire. He was High Sheriff of Glamorgan 
157S and 15S7, and sat for Cardiff 1584-5. 



488 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1586 October 10. George Lewys. 
George Lewis of Llystalybont was the second son of the 
abovementioned Thomas Lewis of the Van (Sheriff 1569, died 1593), 
and married three times: (i) Catherine, daughter of Miles 
Mathevv of Castell-j'-mjmeich ; (2) Mary, daughter of Francis Zouch, 
and (3) Mary, daughter of WiUiam Gore, of Wilts. He was M.P. for 
Cardiff 15S6-7, served as Sheriff of Glamorgan 1610, and was living 
in 1645, when he was possessed of an estate of ^400 a year. His father 
by his will left him lands in fee and a house near the family mansion 
in Cardiff, with ^300 cash, 20 kine, half his chattels except plate, 
certain articles of plate, and half his fat cattle and sheep in stock at 
St. Fagan's, St. John's in Cardiff, and the Grange near Cardiff. 

15S8 November 10. G.\bri[:l Lewys. 
Gabriel Lewis of Llanishen was of kin to the last Member, for 
he was the eldest son of Edward Lewis of that place (who was 
youngest son of Edward Lewis of the Van, Sheriff 1548.) He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of William Carne of Nash, and sat for 
Cardiff 158S-9. He was Deputy Sheriff of Glamorgan 1585 and 1604, 
High Sheriff 1614, and Escheator of the County in 1595. He was 
living in 1623. His daughter Elizabeth married Edward, son of 
Captain William Herbert (see 1555). 

1593 February. David Roberts. 

1597 September 26. Nicholas Hawkins. 
This Member, who sat for Cardiff 1597-8, was the son of the 
celebrated Admiral Sir John Hawkins. His daughter Catherine 
became the second wife of Sir Rowland Morgan of Llandaff and 
Bedwellty, Sheriff 1593, which explains his connection with Cardiff. 

1 60 1 October 19. William Lewis. 
Possibly of Glyn-Taf in Eglwysilan, second son of Edward 
Lewis of the Van (High Sheriff 1548), and of kin to the Members 
1586 and 1588. If so, he married either Joan, daugiiter of Philip 
Champernowne of Darlington and widow of Robert Gamage of 
Coety, or the daughter of Thomas ap Jenkin of Glyn-Ogwr and 
Widow of John Gamage, last lord of Coety, who died 15S4. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 489 

1604 March 5. Matthew Davies. 
He was returned for Cardiff (Cowbridge, Aberavon, Neath, 
Swansea etc.) Borough. 

1614 March. The same. 

162 1 January 15. William Herbert. 
Returned for Cardiff, Liantrisant and Cowbridge. WilHam 
Herbert of Cardiff matriculated from Christ Church, Oxon, 17 
October 1600, aged 17, and was the elder son of Richard Herbert 
of Wernllwynwhith. He, however, sold that place and purchased 
the White Friars, Cardiff, and the manor of Rumney. He married 
Ann Hurst, and built the Friars' House, Cardiff. William Herbert 
was an active personage, and his name appears as one of the Deputy 
Vice-Admirals for South Wales on 29 December 1653, when he 
wrote a letter from Cardiff Castle to Secretary Nicholas, concerning 
a wreck in the Severn. He was Mayor of Cardiff and Constable 
of Cardiff Castle in the reign of Charles I., being appointed in 
September 1642, at the outbreak of the Civil War, to seize it for 
the King, and to collect the rents of the Earl of Pembroke, who sided 
with the Parliament. His estates, which were said to be worth 
^1,000 a year in 1645, were bequeathed at his decease, after 1645, 
to his great-nephew, William Herbert of St. Pagan's, in fulfilment 
of a promise made to the King, who had interested himself on his 
behalf after the death of his father (see 1640) at Edgehill. 

1624 February 9. William Prvce. 
William Price of Briton Ferry, eldest son of Lleisan Price (see 
1558), married Catherine, daughter and heir of David Popkin Thomas 
of Ynys-Forgan. He was M.P. for Old Sarum March to June 1614, 
Glamorgan 162 1-2, and Cardiff 1624-5, ^^'^-Y ^^ August 1625, and 
February to June 1626. He was Under-Sheriff of the county 1626. 
His daughter and heir, Jane, married Arthur Mansel (see 1679). 

1625 May 2. ) 

, , _ , ■ The same. 

1626 February. ( 

1628 February. Lewis Morgan. 
Eldest son of Sir Thomas Morgan, knight, of Ruperra, married 
Ann, daughter and heir of General Sir Charles Morgan, of Delft. 



490 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

He sat for Cardiff 1628-9, was knighted at Whitehall 25 March 1629, 
and died in his father's lifetime at Hampstead, 3 Jul}' 1635. 
No further Parliament was called till 

1640 March. William Herbert. 
This William Herbert was of Cogan Pill, and was the nephew of 
the M.P. 1621. He was the son of William Herbert of Cogan Pill 
(Sheriff 1579, 15S3, 1592, 1600, eldest son of the M.P. 1584), 
and was heir male of Sir George Herbert, Sir William Herbert 
and Sir Matthew Cradock. He married (i) Elizabeth, daughter 
of Edward Thomas of Wenvoe, and (2) Jane, daughter of — Bussy. 
He had an estate of 7^ 1,000 a year, and sat for Cardiff March to 
May 1640, and again October 1640 till 23 October 1642 when (as 
Lieut. -Col. Herbert) he met his death at the Battle of Edgehill, 
fighting like a gallant gentleman for his King. 

1646 July 17. Hon. Algernon Sidney. 
vice Herbert, disabled to sit 5 February 1644, but previously 
deceased. This celebrated personage was undoubtedly the most 
historical figure among the Members for Cardiff. The third son 
of Robert, second Earl of Leicester, K.G., and grandson of the 
Member for Glamorgan 15S4, he was born in 1600, and at the age 
of 19 was captain of a troop of horse engaged in suppressing the 
Catholic rising in h'eland. A man of advanced views, he vehemently 
espoused the cause of Parliament during the Civil War, and was 
made captain of a troop of horse in the Earl of Manchester's 
regiment 10 Ma}' 1644. He became Colonel 2 April 1645 fought 
at York, and was made Governor of Chichester, and afterwards, in 
the same 3'ear, Lieutenant-General of Horse in Ireland and Governor 
of Dublin. He received the thanks of the House of Commons for 
his services in Ireland, on 6 May 1647, and was then appointed 
Governor of Dover Castle. Sidney was M.P. for Cardiff July 
1646-53, but opposed the trial of the King; and though appointed 
a member of the High Court of Justice in January 1649, he never 
attended or took any part in the proceedings of that infamous Court. 
He was a member of the Council of State, November 1652 to 
November 1653, but opposed Oliver Cromwell's usurpation, and 
so remained out of office until after the Protector's death. He was 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 49' 

nominated by the Rump Parliament, 17 May 1659, one of the Council 
of State, and was appointed (i July following) one of the three English 
Commissioners or Plenipotentiaries to the Sound for establishing 
peace between Sweden and Denmark, and continued there till 
21 July 1660. He afterwards resided abroad for many years, but 
obtained a pardon and returned to England in 1677. He unsuccess- 
fully contested Guildford and Bramber in 1679, but was elected 
(in a double return) for Agmondesham (Bucks) in August 1679. 
He thereupon presented a petition, but the election was declared void 
the next year. He seems to have been an unsuccessful candidate 
and petitioner there in 16S1. On the discover}' of the Rye House 
Plot two years later, Sidney was arrested, and being arraigned 
for high treason before the notorious Chief Justice Jeffreys, was 
sentenced to death 26 November, and beheaded on Tower Hill 
7 December 16S3. " He was too rough and boisterous in his temper 
to bear contradiction. Stiff he was in all republican principles, and 
such an enemy to everything that looked like monarchy that he 
opposed Cromwell after he was made Protector. But he had studied 
the history of government in all its branches, had a knowledge of 
mankind, and of their tempers, and could insinuate himself into 
people that would hearken to his notions with a wonderful dexterity." 
(Bishop Burnet's History of his ozvii Times.) 

'653 July. 
No Member was appointed for Cardiff by Cromwell and his 
officers in Barebones' Parliament. 

1654 July 12. John Price. 
John Price of Gelli-ber, was the only son of John Price of that 
place, and was married twice, his first wife being Cecil, daughter and 
heir of Rice Arney, of Monmouthshire, but the name of the second 
wife is unknown. He was a brother-in-law to the famous Col. Philip 
Jones, M.P., of Fonmon, through whose influence Price was appointed 
to several posts during the Commonwealth. He was appointed one 
of the County Committee of Glamorgan 1645, an Assessment Com- 
missioner thereof February 1647, and High Sheriff 1647, ^ Militia 
Commissioner for the counties of Glamorgan, Brecknock, Monmouth 
and Gloucester 21 April 164S, and a Commissioner for South Wales 



492 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

under the Act for ejecting insufficient Ministers and Schoolmasters. 
Price was made a member of the High Court of Justice 25 June 
165 1, and a Commissioner for carrying out the Act for safeguarding 
the person of the Protector 4 May 1658. He was appointed one 
of the twelve capital burgesses or common council of Swansea under 
the new Charter 26 February 1655, and was M.P. for CardiiT 1654-5, 
1656 to January 165S, and December 1658 to April 1659. His 
name appears as a trustee for Colonel Philip Jones in deeds of lease 
and release dated 5 and 6 March 1672. 

1656 August i 

r r. T^ . ^ 1 he same. 

1650 December 30. ) 



[660 Apr 



^ BussY Mansel. 
I Herbert Evans. 



This was a Double Return, but the Indenture returning Evans 
was disallowed and Mansel declared duly elected by Order of the 
House, 27 June 1600. This is the earliest instance known of a 
contested election and petition for Cardiff. 

Herbert Evans of Gnoll, Neath, only son of Edward Evans 
of Gnoll, was admitted a student of the Inner Temple in November 
1660, and for his loyalty was nominated a Knight of the Royal Oak 
in that year, his estate being put down as _;{^2,ooo a year. He 
married Ann, daughter and co-heir of Sir William Morgan, knight, 
of Pencraig, Monmouthshire, and thereby acquired that estate. He 
was M.P. for Cardiff April to June 1660, when unseated on petition, 
and was J. P. for Glamorgan, serving as High Sheriff 1661. He 
received the honour of knighthood 29 September 1674, and was 
a trustee for Colonel Philip Jones in deeds of lease and release dated 
5 and 6 March 1672. Sir Herbert's third daughter, Mar}', final 
heir of Gnoll, took that estate to her husband. Sir Humphrey 
Mackworth, knight, M.P. for Cardiganshire. 

The famous Bussy Mansel of Briton Ferry was the younger but 
only surviving son of Arthur Mansel of that place (third son of Sir 
Thomas Mansel, M.P., of Margam), and was therefore grandson of 
the M.P. 1624. He married Catherine, daughter of Alderman Sir 
Hugh Perry, knight, of London, and widow of Sir Edward Stradling, 
third baronet, of St. Donat's, and had an estate of ^1,100 a year in 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 



493 



1645 {Richard Symoinfs Diary.) Bussy Mansel, who was J. P. for 
Glamorgan in 1655, Higli Sheriff 1645 and 1677, and patron of three 
livings, was a zealous Parliament-man during the Civil War, and was 
made Commander-in-Chief of their forces in Glamorgan, under Lord 
Fairfax, 17 November 1645. This invested him with great authority 
and power, but on the whole he appears to have behaved in this 
command with discretion and moderation. He was made one 
of the County Committee of Glamorgan 1645, an Assessment Com- 
missioner for raising money there for the State 1656, and a 
Commissioner under the Act for ejecting insufficient Ministers and 
Schoolmasters. He was added to the High Court of Justice 25 June 
165 1, and appointed a Militia Commissioner for South Wales 
14 March 1654. Bussy Mansel did not hold a seat in the famous 
Long Parliament, but was one of the six Members appoiiiled (not 
elected) by Cromwell and his officers to represent the whole of Wales 
in " Barebone's Parliament" 4 July to 12 December 1653; and with 
Colonel James Phillips, M.P., was assigned by the Council of State 
on 27 June 1653 the official lodgings "lately occupied by Sir Harry 
Vane." He was made a Commissioner for providing for the safety 
of the Protector 4 May 1658. On 13 July 1659 Colonel Bussy 
Mansel was commissioned " to command the Militia Troop in counties 
Pembroke, Carmarthen and Cardigan, formerly commanded bj' 
Colonel Dawkins," and on 30 July following he was appointed 
"to command the whole militia forces in South Wales, horse and foot, 
to lead them against the enemy if need be." This was in con- 
sequence of Sir George Booth's " Cheshire Rising," which, however, 
was easily quelled. On 19 September 1659 Colonel Mansel wrote 
to Samuel Moyer, Chairman of the London Committee of Compound- 
ing, as follows : — " By the care of our small force in South Wales, 
it was so kept from insurrection that there will be little work for 
Sequestration Commissioners. Yet some will be found, for divers 
delinquents now on hand have estates there and discoveries may be 
made, of some that went from these parts to the enemy in Chester." 
{Cal. State Papers.) At the Restoration, Bussy Mansel made his peace 
with the King's Government, and was Member for Cardiff April to 
December 1660, and 16 to 28 March 1681. He also sat for 
Glamorgan in the two Parliaments, Februar}- 1679 to January 1681, 



494 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

and again in four Parliaments, 1689 until his death in May 1699 at 
an advanced age. He was buried at Briton Ferry. 

( Robert Thomas - - lo^. 

I66I April. ie D T /UN 

(^ biR Richard Lloyd (about) 40. 

There was again a Double Return of both candidates, with a very 
curious result. Sir Richard Lloyd, knight, being also elected for 
Radnorshire, "waived his return for Cardiff, and Mr. Basset was 
elected ; but it appearing to the House, that Robert Thomas had 
petitioned, of which Lloyd had notice, and that Sir Richard, who 
knew nothing of the election, did not contest it, resolved that Mr. 
Thomas was duly elected, and the election of Bassett void." 

The Mr. Basset here referred to was probably William Basset 
of Broviscyn, the second son of William Basset of Miscyn (who was 
High Sheriff 16 10.) If so, he became Fellow of All Souls College, 
Oxford, 1632, B.C.L. 24 May 1636, D.C.L. 26 June 1641, and 
was expelled from the University by the Parliamentary Visitors 1648, 
but restored 1660. He was High Sheriff of Glamorgan 1652, 
and nominated a Knight of the Royal Oak 1660, for his loyal services, 
his estate being put down at /'Soo a year. He married at Llan- 
trithyd, 3 February 1663, Margaret, daughter of Robert Button 
of Worlton, and died at or near Miscyn in 1677. His only child, 
Mary, married Sir Rowland Gwynne, knight, M.P., of Llanelwedd, 
Radnorshire. 

Sir Richard Llo\'d of Ecclusham, Denbighshire, and Dulasau, 
Carnarvonshire, was an eminent Royalist. Born in 1602 or 1609, 
tiie eldest son of Primus Lloyd of Marrington, Salop, he matriculated 
from Exeter College, Oxford, 13 December 1622, aged 20, and 
became B.A. 31 January 1626, and M.A. 10 July 1628. Having 
entered himself as a student at the Inner Temple in November 1631, 
he was called to the Bar about 1635, and was sent on a foreign 
mission by the King in March 1637. He was granted the reversion 
of the office of Prothonotary and Clerk of the Crown for counties 
Denbigh and Montgomery in November 1637, but surrendered the 
reversion 31 July 1661, having never occupied the post. He was 
Attorney General for North Wales in June 1642; and when the Civil 
War broke out, he took up arms for the King and became one of his 
most zealous supporters. He was knighted at Wrexham 7 October 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 195 

1642 by Charles I., whom he entertained at his Denbi°;hshire seat in 
1643, and was Governor of Holt Casile in 1645, which, however, he 
was obliged to surrender to General Mytton 13 January 1647. 
Lloyd was one of those exempted by Parliament from pardon that 
year. At the Restoration he was made Chief Justice of the Great 
Session (and c.\-officio ].'?.) for the counties of Brecknock, Glamorgan 
and Radnor, which judicial position he enjoyed for the rest of his 
life. Sir Richard was returned both for Cardiff and Radnorshire 
in 1661, but made his election to represent the latter constituencj', 
for which he continued to sit until his death, 5 May 1676. He was 
buried in Wrexham Church (M.I.) 

Robert Thomas, of Bettws and Llanfihangel, was the eldest son 
of Sir Edward Thomas, knight and baronet, of those places, whom 
he succeeded as second baronet in 1673. He married, before 1654, 
Mary, daughter of the patriotic Judge David Jenkins of Hensol. 
Sir Robert, who was styled of Cowbridge in 1654, and afterwards of 
Michaelston, sold his Bettws and Llanfihangel estates to Sir 
Humphrey Edwin, knight, of Hedley, Surrey (ancestor of the Earls 
of Dunraven.) He was M.P. for Cardiff in three Parliaments, 
1661-81, and was one the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber to the 
King in 1670 and 1682. He was one of the witnesses to the will 
of Colonel Philip Jones, 15 April 1673, and was a J. P. for Glamorgan 
until "left out" of the commission 5 February 16S0. The title 
became extinct at his death, the date of which, however, is 
unknown. 

1679 February 27. Sir Robert Thomas, b.'^rt. 
Thomas Stradliiig jitii. 
Mr. Stradling petitioned against this return, but without success. 

1679 September 3. Sir Robert Thomas. 
1 68 1 March 16. Bussy Mansel. 

He was returned by two indentures. 

16S5 March 24. Francis Gvvyn (Tory). 
Francis Gwyn of Llansannor, and of Ford Abbey, Devon, was an 
industrious and capable politician, who filled several ministerial 
offices. Born in 164S or 1649, the son of Edward Gwyn of 



496 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Llansannor, he matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford, i June 
1666, aged 17, and having entered the Middle Temple 1667, was 
called to the Bar 167 — , and appointed Recorder of Totnes. In 1690 
he married Margaret, daughter and heir of Edmund Prideaux- 
Franceis of Ford Abbey. Mr. Gwyn was Chamberlain of Brecknock 
15 October 1681-90, and sat in Parliament about 46 years, being 
Member for Chippenham February 1673-9, Cardiff 16S5-7, 
Caliington 1695-8, Totnes January 1699 to November 1701, 
Christchurch 1689-95, December 1701-15, and March 1717-22, 
Christchurch and Wells 1722, but preferred to represent the latter 
till 1727. He gave ^2,500 for the office of one of the four Clerks 
of the Privy Council in Ordinary, and was sworn into office 
5 December 1679, and enjo3'ed it until the death of Charles II. 
in January 1685. He was also Groom of the Bedchamber to the 
King till January 1685. Under-Secretary of State under his cousin, 
Edward, Earl of Conway, February 1681 to January 1683 ; Joint 
Secretary to the Treasury 1685-7; Secretary to the Lords who 
acted as Regents during the Interregnum 168S; and again Under- 
Secretary of State, December 16S8 to September 1689. Gwyn was 
furthermore Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, December 
1700 to January 1703; added to the Privy Council in Ireland 1703; 
a Lord Commissioner of Trade and Foreign Plantations (with a salary 
of /"i.ooo a year) June 1711 to September 17 13; and finally 
Secretary at War, August 17 13 to September 17 14. In the tract, 
A Seasonable Arguinciit for a New Parliament, 1677, he was said to be 
a Commissioner of Revenue in Ireland, and to have had /"500 given 
him for supporting the Court measures. He died at his seat. Ford 
Abbey, 2 June 1734, aged 86. 

James II. dissolved his only Parliament on 2 July 16S7, and 
no further one was called till the Convention Parliament of 

16S9 January 15. Thomas Mansel (T.) 
Thomas Mansel of Margam, born in 1667, was the second son 
of Sir Edward Mansel, M.P., whom he succeeded in title and estate 
17 November 1706. He matriculated from Jesus College, Oxford, 
7 March 1685, aged 17, and married Martha, daughter and 
heir of Francis Millington, of London. Having been made a J. P. 
for Glamorgan, he served as Higii .Sheriff 1701, was made Constable 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 497 

of Cardiff" Castle January 1706, and held office as Comptroller of the 
Household to Queen Anne April 1704 to April 1708, and again 
June 171 1 to July 1712. He was a Lord Commissioner of the 
Treasury (salary ^ 1,600 a year), 10 August 1710 to 30 May 
171 1, and one of the four Tellers of the Exchequer (a very 
lucrative sinecure, executed by Deputy) July 171 2 to November 
1 7 14, when the accession of George I. displaced the Tories 
from power. He sat for Cardiff' 1689-98, and for Glamorgan 
December 1699 to December 1700 and December 1701 until 
raised to the Peerage as Baron Mansel 31 December 171 1, being 
one of the twelve Peers created at that date to increase the Tory 
party in the Upper House, of whom a witty opponent inquired if 
they voted by their foreman. Lord Mansel was made Vice-Admiral 
of South Wales and Governor of Milford Haven in January 17 14, 
and died 11 December 1723. 

1690 March 5 > 

r -Ki , }• The same. 

1695 November 13. | 

169S July 29. Sir Edward Stradling, bart. (T.) 

Sir Edward was the second but eldest surviving son of Sir 
Edward Stradling, knight and baronet, of St. Donat's, whom he 
succeeded as fifth baronet 5 September 1685. He was born in or 
about 1672, matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford, 18 July 1684, 
at the early age of 12, and married at Margam 5 June 1694 
Elizabeth, younger daughter of Sir Edward Mansel, second baronet, 
M.P., of Margam, and sister to Lord Mansel {see 1689.) Sir Edward 
was M.P. for Cardiff" 1698 to November 1701, and 1710-22 ; J. P. for 
Glamorgan; High Sheriff" 17 10, and patron of the living of St. Donat's. 
He died at St. Donat's Castle 5 April 1735, having made his will 
9 February 1714, which was proved 31 May 1735. The title 
became extinct on the death, unmarried, of his younger son. Sir 
Thomas Stradling, sixth baronet, who was killed in a duel at 
Montpelier, in France, 27 September 1738, aged 28. Much 
litigation ensued, lasting over several years, with regard to his estates, 
and the matter was finally settled by a special Act of Parliament. 



498 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1 701 Januar\' 15. The same. 

1 70 1 December 19. Thomas Mansel. 

This Thomas Mansel was of Briton Ferry, the only son of 
Thomas Mansel, M. P., of that place, and grandson of Colonel Bussy 
Mansel [see 1660.) He was born about 1668, and was M.P. for 
Glamorgan January to November 1701, and for Cardiff December 
1 70 1 until his decease, being buried in Westminster Abbey, 15 
Januar}' 1706. He was Constable of Cardiff Castle at the time of 
his death, in which post he was succeeded by his kinsman. Lord 
Mansel. He bequeathed his estates to his godson, Bussy (fourth Lord) 
Mansel [see 1727.) 

1702 July 3' ) ^i, 

,. ^ 1 he same. 

1703 May 30 j 

1706 February i. Sir John Awbrey, baronet. 
Sir John was the only son of Sir John Awbrey, second baronet, 
M.P., of Llantrithyd, who was killed by a fall from his horse in 
September 1700. He was baptized at Llantrithyd 27 May 16S0, 
and matriculated at Jesus College, Oxford, 7 May 1698, aged 17. 
He married three wives: (i) Mary Staley, who was buried 7 July 
17 14; (2) Frances, daughter of William Jephson of Boarstol, Oxon ; 
and (3) Jane Thomas. Sir John sat for Cardiff February 1706-10; 
was J. P. for Glamorgan, High Sheriff, 171 1, and dying on 16 April, 
was buried at Boarstol 23 April 1743. 

1708 May 13. The same. 

1 7 10 October 10. Sir Edward Stradling, baronet. 

1713 September 2. \ 

„ , „ 1' 1 he same. 

1715 February id. ) 

1722 March 29. Edward Stradling. 
This was the elder son of the last Member [see 169S.) He was 
born 26 May 1699, matriculated Christ Church, Oxon, 16 April 
1 7 16, aged 17, and was elected for Cardiff at the age of 22, in 1722, 
but died unmarried in his father's lifetime, 3 October 1726, at the 
early age of 27, and was buried the next day. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 499 

1727 January' 31. Hon. Bussy Mansel, (T. ) 

The Hon. Buss\' Mansel of Briton Ferry was another of the 
Cardiff Members who also represented the County. Born in St. 
Anne's, Westminster, the third son of the ist Lord Mansel {sec 1689,) 
he matriculated Christ Church, Oxford, 13 July 1717, aged 16, and 
succeeded to the Briton Ferry estate under the will of his godfather 
and kinsman, Thomas Mansel [see December 1701.) He married 
twice: (i) on 8 May 1724 Lady Betty Hervey (who died in 1727), 
third daughter of John, first Earl of Bristol; and (2) on 13 March 
1729 Lady Barbara, only daughter of William (Villiers), second Earl 
of Jersey, and widow of Sir Walter Blackett, baronet, of Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne. Mr. Mansel, who became " Honourable " by courtesy, 
31 December 171 1, was attached to the Hon. Charles Fane's mission 
to Florence, November 1737 to January 1738. He came into 
an estate of _;^5000 a year on the death of his kinsman, Sir Thomas 
Stradling, last Baronet, 27 September 1738, and became tenant for 
life of the St. Donat's estate. He voted against Walpole's measures 
on the subject of the employment of the Hessian Troops 1730, and 
the Excise Bill 1733, and sat for Cardiff January 1727-34, when he 
stood for the County. Owing to the very partial conduct of the 
Sheriff, Mr. Mansel v»as at first returned, but on a scrutiny his 
opponent, the Hon. William Talbot of Hensol Castle, was declared 
duly elected. The death of his father. Lord Talbot, the Lord 
Chancellor, called him to the House of Lords, and on 9 March 
1737 he was succeeded without opposition, as Member for 
Glamorgan, bj' Mr. Mansel; who, however, was himself called to 
the House of Lords as fourth Lord Mansel, on the death of his 
brother Christopher, 26 November 1744. His Lordship died 29 
November 1750, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, the Peerage 
becoming extinct at his death. His only child and heir, Barbara, 
married George, second Lord Vernon. The Margam estate eventually 
devolved upon the Rev. Thomas Mansel Talbot, son of John Ivory 
Talbot, of Laycock, Wilts, who had married Lord Mansel's youngest 
sister, Mary, The Earl of Jersey is the present owner of the Briton 
Ferry property. 

1727 September 5. The same. 



500 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1734 May 10. Hon. Herbert Windsor (T.) 

Rear- Admiral Tlioiuas Maf/irws fIJ'.) 

Admiral Mathews of Llandaff, who unsuccessfully petitioned 
against this return, was afterwards Commander-in-Chief in the 
Mediterranean. He sat for the County January 1745-7. 

Hon. Herbert Windsor of Beechworth, Surrey, and St. Fagan's 
Castle, was the only son of Thomas, Viscount Windsor, and married 
16 April 1737 Alice, eldest daughter of Sir James Clavering, hart., 
of Axwell, "with ;^6o,ooo." He sat for Cardiff 1734, until he 
succeeded his father as second Viscount Windsor 8 June 1738, 
and died 24 January 1758, when the title became extinct. His 
eldest daughter and co-heir, Charlotte Jane, married in 1766 John, 
fourth Earl of Bute, the celebrated Prime Minister 1762-3. 

1739 February 16. Herbert Mackworth (T.) 
{vice Windsor called to the Upper House.) 
Herbert Mackworth of Gnoll was the eldest son of Sir 
Humphrey Mackworth, knight, M.P., of Gnoll, and grandson of Sir 
Herbert Evans [sec 1660). Born on 7 September 1689, he 
matriculated, Magdalen College, Oxford, 12 October 1704, aged 
15, and was created Hon. D.C. L. 8 July 1756. He became a 
student of the Inner Temple 1708, but was never called to the Bar. 
Mr. Mackworth married 29 April 1730 the Hon. Juliana Digby, 
daughter of William, fifth Lord Digby, and was J. P. for Glamorgan 
and High Sheriff January 1733. He voted against Walpole on the 
matter of the Convention with Spain 1739, and sat for Cardiff for 26 
years, from February 1739 till his death, 20 August 1765. 



1741 May 28. 
1747 July 6. 
1754 April 22 
1 761 April 6. 



The same. 



1766 January 2. Herbert Mackworth (T.) 

[vice his father, deceased ) 

Herbert Mackworth of Gnoll Castle, only son of the last Member 

(see 1739), was born i January 1737, and married about 1761 

Eliza, daughter of Robert Cotton Trefusis of Trefusis, Cornwall. He 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 501 

was Major of the Glamorgan Militia 14 January 1 761-5, and Lieut. - 
Colonel 1765-91, a Fellow of the Roj-al Societj' and a Vice-President 
of the Marine Society. He was created a baronet 16 September 
1776, voted for Wilkes 1769, and sat for Cardiff for 24 years, January 
1766-90, being also elected for Midhurst 1774, when he gave his 
preference to Cardiff, which he and his father thus represented without 
interruption for 51 years. He died at his seat, GnoU Castle, on 25 
October 1 791, aged 54, very rich, being possessed of large landed 
property. " His death was occasioned by a thorn breaking in his 
finger, which brought on a violent inflammation and swelling in the 
hand and arm, no medical assistance being called in till a month after 
the accident happened. His real estate (not an acre of it entailed) is 
near _^5,ooo per annum ; the personalties of which Sir Herbert died 
possessed are expected to amount to _;i^6o,ooo. He left ^^1,000 to 
his widow, and ;if 12,000 in money to be partitioned among his two 
younger children." (Gcntlciiiaiis Magazine.) 

1768 March 25. \ 

^ ^ , p > The same. 

1774 October 18. j 



I The same, as Sir H. Mackworth, bart. 



1780 September 

1784 April 9. 

1790 June 19. Hon. John Stuart, (T.) 

He was the first of his family to represent Cardiff. The Hon. 
John Stuart of Cardiff Castle was the eldest son of John, fourth Earl 
of Bute, who was created Marquis of Bute 21 March 1796, and 
grandson of the third Earl, who was Prime Minister 1762-3. His 
mother was the eldest daughter of the last Viscount Windsor [sec 
1734.) Born on 25 September 1768, he was created M.A., St. 
John's College, Cambridge, 1787, and was elected for Cardiff in 1790, 
at the age of 21 (Sir Herbert Mackworth having yielded the seat to 
him.) He was made Colonel of the Glamorgan Militia in 1793, and 
Lord-Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the County (in the room 
of his father, who resigned in his favour) May 1793. The death of 
his grandfather occasioned the removal of his father to the House 
of Lords as fourth Earl of Bute, when Mr. Stuart assumed the 
courtesy title of Viscount Mountstuart, 10 March 1792. On 
12 October following he married the Lady Elizabeth Penelope 



S02 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

Crichton, daughter and sole heir of Patrick, fifth Earl of Dumfries, 
and thereby greatly added to the already vast Bute estates. Young, 
rich and amiable, life seemed to be opening its most attractive 
features to him, only to be blighted by his early death, at the age 
of 25, in his father's lifetime, on 22 January 1794, at Basingbourn 
Hall, near Stanstead, Essex, in consequence of a " fall from his horse 
about a month before. His heart glowed with the virtues which 
were rendered irresistibly endearing by the brilliancy of his accom- 
plishments. He was an inestimable blessing to his family, and not 
solely a distinguished but a beneficial ornament to societ}'." [Gentle- 
man s Magazine) His lady only survived him till 26 June 1797, 
leaving two sons, John, who succeeded his grandfather as second 
Marquis of Bute in 1814, and Patrick [see 1818.) 

1794 February 4. Hon. Evelyn James Stuart (T.), 
vice his brother, John, Viscount Mountsluart, deceased. He was 
the second son of the first Marquis of Bute, was born 7 May 
1773. Being elected for Cardiff at the age of 20, in February 
1794, he took his seat 2 June following, after coming of age, and 
represented the borough till 1802, and again November 1814-18. 
He became "Lord" by courtesy, on his father being made a Marquis 
21 March 1796. Lord Evelyn Stuart entered the army, and was 
a Lieutenant (with the rank of Captain) in the Foot Guards in 1796. 
He became Lieutenant-Colonel in the army 1797, was Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the 2nd Battalion of the 21st Foot, and also Lieutenant- 
Governor of Fort Augustus, near Inverness (^300 a year) under the 
celebrated Sir Ralph Abercromby in 1800, Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the 52nd Regiment in 1802, and became Colonel in the army 
2 November 1805. He appears to have left the army before 18 13. 
He died unmarried 16 August 1842. 

1796 May 28. Lord Evelyn Stuart (T.). 

1S02 July 10. Lord Willl\m Stuart (T.). 

This nobleman was the fifth son ot the first Marquis of Bute, 

and brother to the two last Members, and uncle to the M.P. 181S. 

He was born 18 November 1778, became "Lord William Stuart" 

21 March 1796, and married June 1S06 Hon. Georgiana Maude 



MEMBKRS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 503 

(who died 31 August 1807), fourth daughter of Cornvvallis, first 
Viscount Hawarden. He became a Captain in the Royal Navy at 
the age of 20 or 21, in 1799; commanded the "Champion," of 24 
guns, in the Mediterranean, took tlie "Bulldog," of 14 guns, from 
under the batteries of Gallipoli, and commanded the "Crescent," of 
36 guns, in the Channel in 1806. He represented Cardiff 1802 
until his death, s.p., 12 July 1814, aged 35. 

1806 November 3. ') 

1807 May II. ^ Tiie same. 
1812 October 13. j 

1 8 14 November 7. Lord Evelyn James Stuart (T.) 
vice his brother Lord William, deceased. 

18 18 June 23. Lord Patrick Stuart 45. 
Frederick Wood - - 17. 
Lord Patrick James Herbert Crichton-Stuart, of Cardiff Castle, 
and Rosemount, Ayrshire, was the younger of the two sons of 
Viscount Mountstuart {sec 1790,) and w^as born (posthumously) 23 
August 1794. He was made M.A., Christ College, Cambridge, 1814, 
and married 13 July 181S Hannah, daughter of William Tighe, 
M.P., of Woodstock, co. Kilkenny. He assumed by sign-manual 21 
March 18 17 the additional surname and arms of Crichton, and was 
granted a patent of precedency and the rank of a younger son of a 
Marquis, 28 May 181 7. Lord Patrick was M.P. for Cardiff 1818-20, 
and 1S26-32, when he lost his seat, this being the only occasion in 
which one of the Bute family has suffered defeat at Cardiff. He how- 
ever was also M.P. for Buteshire 1820-6; Ayr Burghs March 1834- 
52, and Ayrshire 1857 until his death, 7 September 1859, having 
succeeded his brother, Lord Bute, as Lord Lieutenant of Buteshire 

1820 March 15. Wyndham Lewis (T.) 457. 

Ebcnczcr Ludlow (T.) 245. 

The poll was kept open for seven days. Wyndham Lewis of 

Greenmeadow and Pantwynlais Castle, fourth son of Rev. Wyndham 

Lewis, M.A., of Newhouse, was born 7 October 1780, and called to 

the Bar at Lincolns Inn 25 November 1819. He married in 



504 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

December 1815 Mary Anne, only daughter of Capt. John Viney 
Evans, R.N., of Bamford Speke, Devon. He was J. P. and D. L. for 
Glamorgan, Major of the Glamorgan Militia, and M.P. for Cardiff 
1820-6, and for Aldeburgh (Sufifolk) May 1827-30. Mr. Wyndham 
Lewis unsuccessfully contested Camelford 1826, and Maidstone 1830 
and 1832, but represented the latter place from 1835 till his death s.p., 
14 March 183S. His widow re-married on 28 August 1839 to 
Benjamin Disraeli (who was elected his colleague for Maidstone 1837), 
afterwards the celebrated Prime Minister in 186S and 1874-80, who 
was created Earl of Beaconsfield in 1876 and died 19 April 1881. 

1826 June 12. Lord Patrick Stuart (W.) 

1830 July 31. ) 

„ ,, > The same. 

1 83 1 May 2. I 

1832 December 13. John Nicholl jun. (T.). 342. 
Lord Pa/rick Stuart (IV.). 191. 
This was the first election after the passing of the celebrated 
Reform Act, 1832. John Nicholl jun., of Merthyr Mawr, who sat for 
Cardiff nearly 20 years, 1832-52, when he was defeated, was the only 
son of the Right Hon. Sir John Nicholl, knight, M.P., of Merthyr 
Mawr, Dean of the Arches, who died 183S. Born 21 August 1797, he 
was educated at Westminster School, and matriculated Christ Church, 
Oxford, 12 June 181 5, where he held a studentship 1816-22, and 
graduated first class in classics, B.C.L. 1823, D.C.L. 1S25. He was 
called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1824, admitted a member of the 
College of Advocates 1826, and married 14 December 1821 Jane 
Harriet, second daughter of Thomas Mansel Talbot of Margam, and 
sister to C. R. M. Talbot, M.P. for Glamorgan 1S30-90. Mr. Nicholl 
held office under Sir Robert Peel as Junior Lord of the Treasury, for 
a few weeks in March and April 1S35, and as Judge Advocate 
General September 1841 to July 1S46. He was sworn a Privy 
Councillor 14 September 1S41, was Master of the Faculties and 
Vicar General of Canterbury August 1838 to September 1841, 
appointed an Ecclesiastical Commissioner and a member of the Board 
of Trade January 1S46, and was J. P. and D.L. and Chairman of 
Quarter Sessions of Glamorgan. He died abroad 27 January 1853, 
aged 55. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 505 

1835 January 5. John Nicholl, jun. 

1835 March 20. The same. 

(Re-elected after accepting an office of profit under the Crown.) 

1837 July 24. ^ 

_ . • Ihe same. 

1 841 June 30. ) 

1 841 September 17. Right Hon. John Nicholl. 

(Re-elected on taking office.) 
1S47 July 30. The same. 

1S52 July 8. Walter Coffin (L) 490. 

Rtghf I Ion. John Nicholl ( C. ) 464. 
Walter Coffin, of Llandaff Court, son of Walter Coffin, of 
Bridgend, was born 1784, and sat for Cardiff 1852-7. He was 
a J. P. for Glamorgan, became Deputy Chairman of the Taff 
Vale Railway 1846, and was Chairman thereof in 1S55. He was 
Chairman of the Cardiff Board of Guardians in 1S55, and died 
unmarried in London 15 February 1867. 

1857 March 27. Lieut. -Col. James Stuart (L.). 
Lieutenant-Colonel James Frederick Dudley Crichton Stuart, of 
London, was the elder son of Lord Patrick Stuart {sec 1818), and was 
born 17 February 1S24, and educated at Eton and Trinity College, 
Cambridge. He entered the army as Ensign and Lieutenant, Grenadier 
Guards, October 1842, became Lieutenant and Captain February 
1847, Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel June 1855, but retired from 
the army in 1 861. He married 28 July 1864 Gertrude Frances, second 
daughter of the Right Hon. Sir George Hamilton Seymour, G.C.B. 
and sat for Cardiff 1857-80. He was J. P. Ayrshire and Glamorgan, 
and Lord-Lieutenant and Sheriff Principal of Buteshire (in succession 
to his father) 1S59 till his death, 24 October 1890. 

^^f fP"^^^ [The same. 
1865 July 12 ( 

1868 November 16. Lieut.-Col. James Stuart (L.) 2,501. 
Ilardingc S. Giffard, O.C, (C.) 2,055. 

Hardinge Stanley Giffard, O.C, was created Lord Halsbury 
in 1885, and was Lord High Chancellor June 1885 to February 
1886, July 1886 to August 1S92, and again from June 1895. 



So6 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

1874 February 13. Lieut.-Col. James Stuart (L.) 2,780. 
Hardingc S. Giffard, O.C. (C.) - 2,771. 

1880 April 6. Edward James Rei:d (L.) 3,831. 
JH/iiir Edivard Guest {C.) 3,483 

Mr. Guest was M.P. for Poole 1868-74, and is a brother to Lord 
Wimborne. 

Mr. Reed was born at Sheerness 20 September 1830, and is 
the third son of John Reed, of Sheerness Dockyard. He was 
educated at the School of Mathematics and Naval Construction, 
Portsmouth, and was Chief Constructor of the Royal Navy July 
1863 to July 1S70, being made C.B. 1868, and K.C.B. 1880. He 
unsuccessfully contested Hull October 1873, but was M.P. for 
Pembroke 1874-80, and for Cardiff 1880-95, when he lost his seat. 
He held office as a Junior Lord of the Treasury (^1,000 a year) 
February to July 1S86. Sir Edward Reed married in 1851 Rosetta, 
eldest daughter of Sir Nathaniel Barnaby, K.C.B., of Sheerness, 
Constructor of the Navy. He was chosen President of the Committee 
to determine the load-line of steamers 1884, F. R.S., Vice-President 
of the Institute of Naval Architects, member of the Council of the 
Institute of Civil Engineers, member of the Institute of Mechanical 
Engineers, and was made a Knight Commander of the Order of 
St. Joseph of Austria 1S74, a Knight of the Russian Order of 
St. Stanislaus, of the Turkish Order of the Medjidie (second class), 
and of the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun. Sir Edward is author 
of "Our Ironclad Ships," "Shipbuilding in Iron and Steel," "Our 
Naval Coast Defences." "Japan, its History, Traditions and 
Religions," " The Stability of Ships," and of papers in " Philosophical 
Transactions." He is a J. P. for counties Pembroke and Glamorgan. 

1885 November. Sir E. J. Reed, K.C.B. (L.) 5,569. 
Ilcnry Harhcn (C.) - - 5,429 

Mr. Harben, of Hampstead, was knighted in 1897. 

1886 February. Sir E. J. Reed (L.) - - 5,703 
J. T. D'dlwyn Llewelyn (C.) 4,875. 
This election was occasioned by Sir Edward Reed accepting 
office. John Thomas Dillwyn Llewelyn of Penllergaer was created 
a Baronet in 1S90, and elected M.P for Swansea Town 1895. 



MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR CARDIFF. 507 

1 886 July 7. Sir E. j. Reed (G.L.) 5,307. 
Hon. II. R. Brand[L.\}.) 4,965. 

The Hon. Henry Robert Brand was M.P. for Herts 1868-74, and 
for Stroud in 1874 and 1880-6, and was Surveyor General of the 
Ordnance 1S83-5. He succeeded his father (who was Speaker of the 
House of Commons 1872-84) as second Viscount Hampden in 1893, 
and has been Governor of New South Wales since 1895. 

1892 July 7. Sir E, J. Reed (G.L.) 7,226. 
John Gunii (^L.U.) 6,540. 

Mr. John Gunn, of Llandaff House, son of Donald Gunn, of 
Achlibster, Caithness, was born in 1S37 and married in 1877 
Harriette, daughter of James Boyle, J. P., of Ballymacrea, co. Antrim. 
He is a J. P. for Glamorgan, and also for Cardiff. 

1895 July 18. J. M. Maclean (C.) 8,386, 
SirE.J. Rccci [L.) 7,562. 

James Mackenzie Maclean was born 13 August 1835, the 
youngest son of Alexander Maclean, of I^iberton, Edinburgh, and 
married in 1867 Anna Maria, daughter of Philip Whitehead. Residing 
in India as a journalist, he was editor and proprietor of the Bombay 
Gazette for several years, was elected a Fellow of Bombay University, 
and was sometime Chairman of the Bombay Town Council. He is 
author of Maclean's "Guide to Bombay," and of numerous essays on 
Indian subjects. On his return home he unsuccessiully contested the 
Elgin Burghs 1S80, but sat for Oldham 1SS5-92, when he was defeated. 
Mr. Maclean, who is one of the proprietors of the IVestcrn Mail, has 
been the Member for Cardiff since 1895. 

The registered electors for the Cardiff District were 687 in 1832; 
778 in 1841 ; 1,640 in 1858; 5,388 (after the extension of the franchise) 
in 1868; 7,445 in 1874; 10,384 in 1884; and 18,415 (after the further 
extension of the franchise by the Act of 1884) in 1894 (when Cardiff 
had 17,776, Cowbridge 208, and Llantrisant 441 voters). In 1895 
the electorate had advanced to 19,358. The Mayor of Cardiff for the 
time being is the Returning Officer. 




CHAPTER XII. 

Xist of Officials. 




N this section of the work it is 
intended to give as complete a 
catalogue as possible of the names 
of those persons who successively 
held the more important public 
offices in the Lordship of Gla- 
morgan and in the Hundred, the 
Borough, the Parish and the Port 
of Cardiff. The Lists begin with 
the Mayors of Cardiff Burgh, 
who were also Constables of 
Cardiff Castle down to the middle of the i6th century. It will 
be remembered' that, some considerable time subsequent to the Royal 
grant of the Lordship of Cardiff Castle and its dependencies to the 
first Earl of Pembroke of the new line, an idea grew up that the Lord, 
instead of being himself the Constable of the Castle on behalf of the 
Sovereign, was entitled to appoint a Constable, who could appoint 
a Deputy. There can be little doubt that this view was erroneous. 
It was not, indeed, consistently maintained. We find, for instance, 
the Survey of 1666^ formally recording that the Lord is the 
Constable. 



' See Vol. II., pp. I 13, 
- See Vol. II., p. 69. 



LIST OF OFFICIALS. 509 

The earliest Mayor of Cardiff to be met with is one Ralph, who, 
in 1 1 26 is described as Piepositus dc Knrdi, Prevost of Cardiff. The 
title of Constable is first met with circa 1148. 

It will be well to mention here that there is a good deal of 
difficulty, in many cases, of distinguishing clearly between the 
various offices — for instance, between the prevostship or mayoralty 
of Cardiflf Burgh, and the prevostship or shrievalty of the Coniiiaiiis 
of Glamorgan ; both being sometimes held by officials styled 
" Prcpositits dc Kcrdyf." Many titles were often united in one person, 
the most striking examples being Charles, Earl of Worcester, in 
1516, and Sir William Herbert in 1549. 

The ancient feudal mayoralty was superseded by the modern 
civil mayoralty in 1835, in consequence of the Municipal Reform 
Acts. Since that date the title of Constable of Cardiff Castle 
has not been used, but it may be presumed that the office survives 
in the person of the Marquess of Bute. 

The Bailiffs of Cardiff Burgh (who were also Coroners and 
Escheators of the same) were of feudal institution and were the 
Lord's appointed officers to govern the Burgesses and collect his 
dues. They were, however, chosen by the citizens and in course 
of time acquired a large measure of independence of the Castle, 
chiefly through the acquisition of seignioral and royal charters. 
The Act of 1835 transferred their powers to the new Mayor, whom, 
moreover, it made independent of the Lord. 

The Serjeants-at-Mace were anciently officers of high authority, 
and represented the executive. In the earliest known mention of 
them (1492) they are styled " Catchpoles of the Vill of Cardiff." 
It must be borne in mind that the antiquity of an office cannot be 
gauged by the date of its first appearance in existing records. The 
Serjeants are two in number, and were appointed by the Lord 
previous to 1835. The appointment was made annually until of 
late years. Since 1876 it has practically been a permanent one, 
and a regretable habit has arisen of calling these officers " Mace- 
bearers " — as though that were, legally as well as actually, their 
principal function. The Serjeants wear a uniform consisting of a 
long frock-coat with scarlet lappet and pewter buttons (the latter 
bearing'the arms of the borough), a scarlet waistcoat, black trousers, 
top hat and white gloves. 



5!0 CARDIFF RECORDS. 

The Recorder, Steward or Seneschal of the Borough was first 
appointed by the Charter of i6oS. Unfortunately, the list of 
Recorders is far from complete. The Recorder must be " learned 
in the Laws of England " — in other words, a barrister. He presides 
over the Borough Quarter Sessions. 

The Town Clerk is in practice, though not of necessity, always 
a Solicitor. The office is as ancient as any in the Borough ; but 
it is not met with in the records earlier than 1623, and the list is 
consecutive only from 1690. Previous to the appointment of the 
present holder of this office, the Town Clerk was an attorney in 
private practice, who received a small fixed salary from the Corpora- 
tion, and charged by Bill of Costs for his municipal work. The 
position carries with it that of Clerk of the Peace for the Borough, 
to which various minor posts are now added. 

The Common Attorneys were annually appointed in pairs, their 
duty being to have charge of the municipal finances. The office was 
abolished in 1835, and the powers of these officials transferred partly 
to the Town Clerk and partly to the Borough Treasurer. 

It has not been possible to trace the office of Water Bailiff 
further back than 17S8, nor to carry the consecutive list of Water 
Bailiffs beyond the year 18 18. It is, however, probable that such 
officers existed in ancient times. The Water Bailiff's duty is to 
maintain the fairwa}' of the river Taff within the Borough, and to 
superintend the buoys and collect the Corporation's harbour-dues. 
The jurisdiction of the Water Bailiff has of late years been greatly 
curtailed by the various private Acts of Parliament procured by the 
Marquesses of Bute in connection with the Cardiff Docks. The 
Water Bailiff wears a kind of naval uniform, with brass-bound cap 
and jacket. 

The Town Crier, though not mentioned in records of earlier 
date than 1772, holds what is certainly an ancient office. His bell 
and his stentorian voice have not been heard in Cardiff streets since 
about 1895, but he heads municipal processions carrying his black 
pole surmounted by the gilded acorn. His uniform consists of a 
long frock-coat trimmed with black braid, a scarlet waistcoat, 
black trousers, top hat, encircled by a gold band, and white gloves. 

The office of Aletaster was of great antiquity, and his duty 
was to try the quality of all beer and ale brewed or sold within the 



LIST OF OFFICIALS. 511 

Borough. Only a few names of Aletasters have come down to us 
in the records, the latest known appointment being in 1828. 

The Inspector of Weights and Measures was in old times 
called " Public Weighman." The earliest-known holder of the office 
was appointed in 1747, but the consecutive list goes back only to 
1854. The present Inspector is partly under the control of the 
Board of Trade. He wears a uniform frock-coat, braided trousers 
and peaked cap. 

The Customer and Collector of the Port of Cardiff is an officer 
of the Customs, appointed by the Brethren of Trinity House. For 
a long time past, however, the Corporation have regularly conferred 
upon the " Inspector of Customs " (as he is now usually styled) 
the post of Collector of Harbour Dues for the Borough. The 
earliest recorded name of a Customer is of the year 1567, and the 
list is fairly consecutive from 1686. 

A Borough Treasurer was first appointed in 1836, and inherited 
the functions of the old Common Attorneys. He was at first called 
" Financial Clerk." 

A Borough Surveyor was not appointed until i860. The 
present holder of that office bears the title " Borough Engineer 
and Surveyor." 

The earliest Medical Officer held that office in 1S75. The 
present one, Dr. Edward Walford, is his successor. He is respon- 
sible for the health of the public and for the prevention of contagious 
and infectious disease within the Borough. 

The present Police Superintendent is the fourth holder of this 
office and title. The first, appointed in 1839, succeeded the last of 
the old-fashioned Head Constables. The present Superintendent is 
often called the " Head Constable " or " Chief Constable." He wears 
a full-dress and an undress uniform, of a military pattern. 

The remaining lists relate, for the most part, to long-obsolete 
offices, and call for no special remark in this place. 



CARDIFF RECORDS. 

MAYORS OF CARDIFF BURGH AND CONSTABLES 
OF THE CASTLE. 

1 126. Ralph (" Prepositus de Kardi.") 

1 147. Roger Fitz-Osmund ("Prepositus de Kaerdif.") 

. 1 148. William Fitz-Stephen, Constable. 

1 169. Hamo de Valoignes. 

. 1 198. Geoffrey. 

1205. Peter de Stradling ("Custos castri et burgi de Kaerdif." 

Henry de Pembrigg do. do. 

1297. Richard Talebot ("Custos castri et ville de Kerdyf.") 

1307. Henry de Lancarvan ("Custos castri de Kaerdyf.'") 

1375. Thomas Broun. - 

1376. William Walssh.^ 

1399. Stephen. 

,, Richard Woottun. 

1400. Thomas Sproteley. 
,, Richard de Hum.' 

142 1. Watkin Morton. 

1424. Henry Slake, 

1432. William Buttiller.^ 

1452. John Nanfan. 

1455. John Throkmorton.^ 

1491. William Butteler. 

1 5 16. Charles, Earl of Worcester." 

1542. Henry, Earl of Worcester. 



1 Also Chancellor and Receiver of Glamorgan. 

- and Chief Forester, and Receiver of Glamorgan and Morganwg. 

^ and Receiver of Glamorgan and Morganwg. 

* The title of esquire must be understood to attach to all the names in this list 
unless another is expressed. 

^ and Receiver. 

8 King's Chamberlain and, with Henry Somerset, Lord Herbert, jointly Sheriflf 
and Steward of Glamorgan, Constable of the Castles of Cardiff, Cowbridge and Neath, 

and Steward of Malefaunt's Lands. 



LIST OF OFFICIALS. 513 

1549. William Herbert, knight.' 

1553. George Herbert, knight. 

1563. Rowland ap Morgan. 

1573. William Herbert. 

1574. Thomas Lewis. 

1585. William Herbert of Swansey, knight. 

1594. Thomas Wiseman. 

1597. Rowland Morgan. 

1602. Thomas Throgmorton, knight. 

1605. William Herbert, knight. 

1 6 14. William Mathew. 

1625. Thomas Morgan, knight.' 

1635. William Herbert. 

1650. John Herbert. 

1660. Herbert Evans. ^ 

1682. Edward Stradling, baronet. 

1685. William Herbert. 

1696. Charles Kemeys. 

1707. Thomas Mansell, baronet. 

1729. Edward Herbert. 

1733. Thomas Stradling. 

1734. Hon. Herbert Windsor. 

1737. Watkin Morgan. 

1738. Thomas Morgan. 

I 741. Herbert Mackworth.* 

1766. Herbert Mackworth.^ 

17S0. Herbert Mackworth, baronet. 

1792. John Richards.* 

1 Clerk of the Exchequer, King's Apparitor and Attorney in Glamorgan, Prevost of 
Roath and Leckwith, Chancellor and Forester of Glamorgan, Constable, Gatekeeper, 
Steward and Chamberlain of the Castle of Cardiff. 

2 and Chief Steward to the Earl of Pembroke. 

^ Described as " Constable " this year, but " Deputy Constable" in 1666. 

* Described in later years as " Deputy Constable." 

^ Afterwards baronet, son of the preceding. He was appointed Steward o