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January 1985 

United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners of America 

















Getting North America 
Back into High Gear 









101 Constitution Ave., N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Patrick J. Campbell 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Sigurd Lucassen 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Anthony Ochocki 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


John S. Rogers 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Wayne Pierce 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


William Sidell 
William Konyha 


First District, Joseph F. Lia 
120 North Main Street 
New City, New York 10956 

Second District, George M. Walish 

101 S. Newtown St. Road 

Newtown Square, Pennsylvania 19073 

Third District, John Pruitt 
504 E. Monroe Street #402 
Springfield, niinois 62701 

Fourth District, Harold E. Lewis 
3110 Maple Drive, #403 
Atlanta, Georgia 30305 

Fifth District, Leon W. Greene 
4920 54th Avenue, North 
Crystal, Minnesota 55429 

Sixth District, Dean Sooter 
400 Main Street #203 
Rolla, Missouri 65401 

Seventh District, H. Paul Johnson 
Gramark Plaza 

12300 S.E. Mallard Way #240 
Milwaukie, Oregon 97222 

Eighth District, M. B. Bryant 
5330-F Power Inn Road 
Sacramento, California 95820 

Ninth District, John Carruthers 
5799 Yonge Street #807 
Willowdale, Ontario M2M 3V3 

Tenth District, Ronald J. Dancer 
1235 40th Avenue, N.W. 
Calgary, Alberta, T2K OG3 

Patrick J. Campbell, Chairman 
John S. Rogeb;s, Secretary 

Correspondence for the General Executive Board 
should be sent to the General Secretary. 

Secretaries, Please Note 

In processing complaints about 
magazine delivery, the only names 
which the financial secretary needs to 
send in are the names of members 
who are NOT receiving the magazine. 

In sending in the names of mem- 
bers who are not getting the maga- 
zine, the address forms mailed out 
with each monthly bill should be 
used. When a member clears out of 
one local union into another, his 
name is automatically dropped from 
the mailing list of the local union he 
cleared out of. Therefore, the secre- 
tary of the union into which he cleared 
should forward his name to the Gen- 
eral Secretary so that this member 
can again be added to the mailing list. 

Members who die or are suspended 
are automatically dropped from the 
mailing list of The Carpenter. 


NOTE: Filling out this coupon and mailing it to the CARPENTER only cor- 
rects your mailing address for the magazine. It does not advise your own 
local union of your address change. You must also notify your local union 
... by some other method. 

This coupon should be mailed to THE CARPENTER, 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20001 


Local No. 

Number of your Local Union must 
be given. Otherwise, no action can 
be taken on your change of address. 

Social Security or (in Canada) Social Insurance No.. 



State or Province 

ZIP Code 


ISSN 0008-6843 

VOLUME 105 No. 1 JANUARY, 1985 


John S. Rogers, Editor 



Getting North America Bacl< into High Gear 2 

1 985 Construction Outlool< Dodge/Sweet Report 3 

1985 Regional Construction Estimates 4 

Operation Turnaround Update 5 

Unemployment Situation, U.S. and Canada 6 

Economic Recovery? 7 

Home Builders Forecast 1 .5 Million Starts 8 

Nord Door Must Pay Displaced Strikers 9 

U.S. Capitol; Facelift and Inaugural Stands 11 

Future Jobs: Earning a Living, 2000 AD Barbara Moffet 13 

Canadian Conference Prepares for 1985 Changes 16 

Versatile 'Equipment Doctors' Edgar F. Coudal 18 


Washington Report 10 

Ottawa Report 15 

We Congratulate 21 

Local Union News 22 

Apprenticeship and Training 26 

Plane Gossip 28 

Consumer Clipboard: Consumer Quiz 29 

Service to the Brotherhood 31 

Retirees Notebook 35 

In Memoriam 37 

What's New? 39 

President's Message Patrick J. Campbell 40 

Published monthly at 3342 Bladensburg Road, Brentwood, Md. 20722 by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners ot America. Subscription price: United States and Canada $10.00 per year, single copies $1.00 in 


In the inonth of January, North Amer- 
ica struggles through what is often called 
"the dead of winter." From Anchorage, 
Alaska, to Halifax, Nova Scotia, thou- 
sands of UBC members fight their way 
through snowdrifts to get to work . . . 
when there's work to be had. Across the 
waist of the United States runs a mean- 
dering snow line, changing with every 
weather report, creating "snow days'" 
for school children, and bringing work 
with snow shovels and plows for many 
emergency work crews. 

But very soon, we are told, there will 
be the "January thaw," which will bring 
a few days of warm-weather relief and 
occasional fog. 

A newspaperman named Philander 
Johnson wrote a poem about it: 

"Oh, what a blamed uncertain thing 

This pesky weather is! 

It blew and snew and then it thew 

And now, by jing, it's friz." 

Legend and folklore say that the "thew" 
comes about mid-January in the Mid- 
western U.S., a little eariier farther west, 
and between the 18th and 23rd of January 
in the Eastern United States. Of course, 
most of our Canadian brothers and sisters 
must wait until spring for any thaw at 
all. After all, this changing winter weather 
starts in their back yard! — Photograph 
by D. Winston ofH. Armstrong Roberts. 

NOTE; Readers who would like additional 
copies of this cover may obtain them by sending 
50^ in coin to cover mailing costs to the Editor. 
The CARPENTER, 101 Constitution Ave., 
N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001. 

Printed in U.S.A. 

"* -IfWlOrtlC-' 







^ -^ " 'ffr 

It's performance that counts, Mr. President. ^ 

"And labor-management cooperation, Mr. Prime Minister.^ 




What kind of public programs are 
needed to revitalize the U.S. and Ca- 
nadian economies in 1985? 

Let"s tally up the assets and liabili- 
ties, as the old year ends. 

Old Man 1984 has gone on mandatory 
retirement, and he has left behind a 
wagonload of special problems for the 
New Kid 1985 — a high percentage of 
unemployment, high interest rates, con- 
tinued high energy costs, federal budget 
deficits, and much more. 

It always seems to be that way after 
a general election. The political parties 
make a list of the nation's problems and 
promise solutions. The electorate makes 
its choices, and. shortly after the holi- 
days, sometime in January, the U.S. 
Congress and the state legislatures go 
into session and pick up the pieces of 
the U.S. political puzzle. In Ottawa and 
in the provinces the various legislative 
bodies begin to study Conservative pro- 
posals and counter them with NDP 

In a sense, the people of North Amer- 
ica look to their national leadership for 
answers to their problems. Will the two 
federal administrations offer answers 
and create favorable results in the months 

Everyone agrees that President Ron- 
ald Reagan is in pretty good physical 
shape for his age. But age is not the 
issue as he begins his second term of 
office. As that energetic hero of the 
elderly. Congressman Claude Pepper 
puts it. it is performance that counts in 

the long run. So, if Americans are to 
evaluate President Reagan and his sec- 
ond term fairh', it is important that they 
assess what he and his administration 
do in their relations with the upcoming 
session of Congress. 

With the Democrats in the majority 
in the House of Representatives and 
almost striking an even balance in the 
Senate, much vital legislation may be 
vetoed when it reaches the White House. 
Legislation may be stalemated. We hope 
that this will not happen. 

With the Conservatives swept into 
power in the Canadian Parliament, 
thanks to the charisma of Brian Mul- 
roney, it will be interesting to see what 
they do during their first months in 

As the United Brotherhood sees it. 
these are the top priorities for wage 
earners and their families in the months 

EMPLOYMENT— It should be clear 
by now to both conservative adminis- 
trations that putting people out of work 
to stabilize prices and control inflation 
is a dangerous practice, which leaves 
the more serious problem of unemploy- 
ment still unresolved. As the maps on 
Page 8 of this issue of Carpenter indi- 
cate, double-digit unemployment still 
exists in most of Canada, and the per- 
centage of unemployment in the United 
States is no better today than it was in 
198 1 when President Reagan took office . 


the mid-1970s, the U.S. has been im- 

porting more than it has been exporting. 

In both the U.S. and Canada, multi- 
national corporations have ignored their 
responsibilities to North American wage 
earners and considered them merely as 
markets for cheap, imported goods. As 
a consequence, the great mass of Nor'h 
American wage earners has seen its 
dollars worth more than ever before 
overseas but less than before in their 
own domestic markets. 

The balance of trade was a favorable 
$9 billion in 1975, was a negative $28 
billion in 1981, and it is expected to 
range over $100 billion in 1985! 

When American manufacturing dom- 
inated world trade, almost everyone 
believed in the free and unfettered mar- 
ketplace. But the decline of America's 
share of world trade and the takeover 
of many domestic markets by foreign 
goods has changed the situation. A 
growing number of union and non-union 
workers are losing their jobs because 
of unfair foreign competition. No job, 
no purchasing power. That's an eco- 
nomic principle which the spokesmen 
for Reaganomics and trickle-down Re- 
publicanism must understand in 1985, 
if the economy is to change for the 


eral deficits in the United States must 
be dealt with. Labor has been doing its 
share to reduce inflation and balance 
the economy. All a taxpayer has to do 
to realize this is to look at the list of 

Continued on Page 30 


». B j B M j mj igntgyat.-jiiwy - ' 

1985 Construction To Equal 1984's 
Record $211 Billion, With Housing 
Gaining Renewed Strength In 
Year's Second Half, According to 
Dodge/Sweet Construction Outlook 


With interest rates starting to turn 
around, tiie outlooi< for the 1985 con- 
struction maricet is more positive now 
than it was only a few months ago, 
industry leaders have been told by one 
of the nation's foremost economic an- 

George A. Christie, vice president 
and chief economist of McGraw-Hill 
Information Systems Company, pre- 
dicts that construction contracting in 
1985 will equal 1984's anticipated rec- 
ord of $211 billion. "As interest rates 
retreat during 1985," he said, "the next 
several quarters are likely to be a replay 
of 1984 — but in reverse, with housing 
picking up strength in the second half 
of the year." 

The industry assessment was pre- 
sented at the Building Products Exec- 
utives Conference, a major forum for 
business leaders held annually by 
McGraw-Hill Information Systems 
Company. The firm, a leading authority 
on the construction market, is known 
for its Dodge Reports on construction 
activity. Sweet's Catalog Files of con- 
struction product information, and 
building cost information systems. 

In presenting his annual forecast, the 
1985 DodgelSweet' s Construction Out- 
look, to 600 industry leaders attending 
the conference, Christie pointed out 
that during the past two and a half years 
construction contracting value has in- 
creased by more than 50%. "The record 
total of new construction started in 1984 
implies a very busy 1985, when most 
of the work contracted this year will be 
brought to completion. The surprising 
strength of the economy's recovery 
from its deep recession is still support- 
ing vigorous expansion of commercial 
and industrial construction," he said. 

According to Christie, the present 
building cycle is now at its midpoint, 
and is showing "the symptoms of mid- 

life crisis," he believes. "Although still 
expanding, the building market has lost 
much of its earlier drive, and during 
1984 its primary source of support shifted 
from housing to nonresidential build- 
ing," said the economist. 

"Now that the economy has settled 
back to a more desirable growth rate, 
monetary policy must be modified in 
order to keep it there as long as possible. 
Sustaining a 4% rate of GNP growth 
requires relaxation of 1984's tightening, 
and that adjustment appears to be in 
the making. The consequence: lower 
interest rates and a revival of the build- 
ing market n^xt year," Christie said. 
"Once the handicap of rising interest 
rates is removed, some of the earlier 
momentum that was lost in the summer 
of 1984 will be restored. Quarter-by- 
quarter strengthening of construction 
contracting through 1985 should bring 
the building industry into a position for 
a solid advance in 1986," the McGraw- 
Hill expert explained. 

"In counterpoint to declining mort- 
gage rates in 1985, housing starts will 
be weakest at the beginning of 1985 and 
will pick up strength in the second 
half — the opposite of 1984's quarterly 
pattern," he said. 

He foresees 1985's first quarter at an 
annual rate of 1,585,000 housing units, 
a last quarter moving up to 1,650.000 
units, and the year's total at 1,600.000 
units vs. 1,770,000 for 1984. "The re- 
cent dramatic shift toward multi-family 
building because of the affordability of 
this type of housing." he said, "will 
recede in 1985 to 650,000 units from 
last year's extraordinary 760,000 unit 
volume. The mix of one-family homes 
and multi-family units, a 60:40 ratio, 
will probably be the prevailing pattern 
for the next several years." He expects 
residential construction in 1985 to total 
$98.5 billion, a A9c decline from last 

year's $102.2 billion. 

"Nonresidential building, peaking at 
an annual rate of close to 1.3 billion 
square feet in 1984's second half, will 
be settling back to 1.2 billion square 
feet in 1985 as office building dimin- 
ishes — also the opposite of 1984." 
Christie said. 

He pointed out that industrial build- 
ing has the greatest unrealized potential 
in this construction sector. "During the 
economy's vigorous 1983-84 recov- 
ery," said the McGraw-Hill economist, 
"contracting for industrial building re- 
bounded to a rate of 155 million square 
feet in 1984, but this still left this market 
closer to its former 1983 trough than to 
its next cyclical peak, which is tenta- 
tively due in 1987 or 1988. The second 
step in realizing that potential," he said, 
"will come in 1985, with industrial con- 
struction gaining an estimated 16% and 
reaching 180 million square feet." 

He emphasized that next year's change 
in nonresidential building will be more 
in its composition than its size. If there 
is a gradual winding down of office 
building over the next two or even three 
years, Christie believes 1985 nonresi- 
dential building would remain virtually 
even with the 1984 volume of an esti- 
mated 1 .2 billion square feet. Assuming 
an average construction cost increase 
of 5%, he said contract value would 
increase to $73.3 billion next year from 
this year's expected $72.2 billion con- 
tract value. 

"Public works construction, which 
recently reached a new plateau," the 
economist reported, "will be showing 
little change next year, in terms of 
constant dollars, and consequently will 
have minimal influence on the direction 
of total construction activity." He ex- 
pects this category as a whole to total 
$39.2 billion in 1985, a 7% increase over 
last year. 

JANUARY, 1985 

North- CT ME MA NH. NJ NY 

east f'* ™ ^^ 




1984 Pre- 






1985 84 


Contract Value (millions of dollars) 
Nonresidential Buildings 

Commercial and Manufacturing 
Institutional and Otiier 

S 8.000 

$ 7.800 


$12,250 $12,350 

Residential Buildings 

One-Family Houses 
Multifamily Housing 
Nonfiousekeeping Residential 


$12,725 $12,675 

Nonbuilding Construction 

Highways and Bridges 
Other Public Works 

$ 2.925 S 3.200 

3.075 3.300 

400 400 


$ 6.400 $ 6,900 

Total Construction 

$31,375 $31,925 

1984 Pre- 1985 Change 

liminary Forecast 198584 

S 8,100 $ 8,225 * 2 

3,600 3,425 - 5 

1,025 1,025 — 

Contract \^lue (millions of dollars) 

Nonresidential Buildings 

2 Commercial and Manufacturing 
7 Institutional and Other 

$18,050 $17,800 - 1 

9,500 10,075 ^ 6 

+ 1 Total 

$27,550 $27,875 

Residential Buildings 

One-Family Houses 
Multifamily Housing 
Nonhousekeeping Residential 

— Total 

$46,875 $44,175 

Nonbuilding Construction 

9 Highways and Bridges 
7 Other Public Works 
— Utilities 

+ 8 Total 

$13,500 $14,450 

2 Total Construction 

$87,925 $86,500 

-I- 1 

$30,625 $29,550 - 4 

13,050 11,625 -11 

3,200 3,000 - 6 

$ 6,250 $ 6,650 * 6 

5,550 5,800 + 5 

1,700 2,000 +18 

+ 7 
- 2 

North IL IN lA KS Ml MN 

Central "° '^^ '^^ ^'^ ^^ ^' 



Contract Value (miihons of dollars) 
Nonresidential Buildings 

Commercial and Manufacturing 
Institutional and Other 

S 9.025 

$ 9.150 

+ 1 
+ 5 

Contract Value (millions of dollars) 
Nonresidential Buildings 

Commercial and Manufacturing 
Institutional and Other 








+ 3 






Residential Buildings 

One-Family Houses 
Multifamily Housing 
Nonhousekeeping Residential 



- 7 

Residential Buildings 

One-Family Houses 
Multifamily Housing 
Nonhousekeeping Residential 









- 3 






Nonbuilding Construction 

Highways and Bridges 
Other Public Works 

S 4,875 



$ 5,125 



-^ 5 
-1- 1 

Nonbuilding Construction 

Highways and Bridges 
Other Public Works 

$ 3,250 



$ 3,525 





$ 8.800 

$ 9,175 

-1- 4 


$ 8,075 

$ 8,650 



Total Construction 



-1- 1 

Total Construction 






operation Turnaround Update 

• Organizing, Norttiern California style 

• Massactiusetts CVOCs focus 
on community needs 

Coordinated organizing efforts over 
the years in the Bay Counties District 
Council of California have been the key 
to the San Francisco bay area being 
among the strongest union regions in 
the Brotherhood. 

The Organizing Department in the 
UBC General Office recently got some 
hands-on experience in Contra Costa 
County with local and international or- 
ganizers and agents. 

A county-wide "sweep" was carried 
out by a group of 30 agents, organizers, 
and representatives, working under 
District Council Executive Secretary 
Jim Green and Organizing Director Roy 

The group, focusing this time on 
Contra Costa County, systematically 
covered every job in the county, union 
and non-union, residential and com- 
mercial, over a six-week period. 

Working out of Martinez Local 2046, 
Board Member Bud Bryant's group met 
at the beginning and end of each day 
to coordinate information before enter- 
ing the collected data into the computer. 

During one iO-day period in late Oc- 
tober, these northern California mem- 
bers took in 13 new contractors and 
more than 50 new members. 

The multi-faceted organizing ap- 
proach is standard practice in the 46 
Counties District Council. Concentrat- 
ing on community and political involve- 
ment, regulatory enforcement, the full 
range of traditional organizing methods, 
pension investment in union construc- 
tion, and, most recently, the develop- 
ment of a funded joint labor manage- 
ment cooperation committee in the Bay 
Area has been the major determinant 
in keeping union carpenters, mill- 
wrights, and piledrivers in the San Fran- 
cisco Bay Area proud and strong. 

Perhaps the single most encouraging 
and impressive quality in this area's 
success story is the high level of com- 
munication and cooperation among the 
entire local , state , and international staff. 

Task Force Representative Steve 
Flynn reports that several Massachu- 

setts locals boast active and productive 
construction volunteer organizing com- 
mittees (CVOC). 

The committees have recently taken 
on several volunteer projects, aiding 
local communities while developing 
strong community ties and public ac- 
ceptance for the Brotherhood. CVOC 

members of Woburn Local 41 and Lynn 
Local 595 pitched in to roof a new 
senior citizens center in Wilmington. 
Berkshire County Local 260 committee 
members recently donated hundreds of 
volunteer hours in constructing "San- 
ta's Christmas Cave" for children of 
North Adams. 

Mtinhfis o1 I. in Ills 41 and 595 gathered cil iht luw s< /;/,<) i /// < /m cc/iicr in Wilmington. 
Mass. On the ground, from left, are Hairy Dow. total 41 Business Rep. Roy Fowlie. 
Mass, State Representative Jim Miceli. and Steve McDougall. Standing on ladders are 
Andy Williams and Dan Navarro. On the roof, left tn right, are Tom Keegan. Dave 
Gibson. Glenn Grabowski. William Hall. Darren Gaudino, John Scali. James Mac- 
Cormack. Boh Gerry. Rich Lennon, Bob Keegan. Dave Borretto. Tom Potter. Mike 
Medley. Sandy Faust. Boh Haggorty. Wayne Ryder. George Nicolaov. Pat Navarro. Jim 
Mcglory. Dan O'Neil. Dave Callahan. Fred Brown, Lome Bourque. and Russell Chough. 

Members of Berkshire County. Mass.. 
Carpenters Local 260 at work on "Santa's 
Christmas Cave" at the North Adams 
Center in North Adams. Space for the 
"Cave" and materials were donated, as 
was the work of UBC carpenters from the 

JANUARY, 1985 

Unemployment in Canada is higher this month than it is in the 
United Slates, with eight provinces above the 10% level. Latest 
figures from Statistics Canada show a total labour force in Octo- 
ber of 12.458.000 workers with 11,153.000 of them employed and 
1 .305.000 idnemployed — a 1 1.3% unemployment rate. 

1)10.0% and OVER 
[^8.0% to 9.9% 
[^6.0% to 7.9% 
I I Less than 6.0% 

Unemployment rates in the United States are below what they 
were a year ago. The unemployment rate fell during 1984 from 
8.8% to 7.1%, but that's only a fraction below what it was when 
President Reagan look office in 1981. Three states— Mississippi, 
Alabama, and West Virginia— are above the lO^c jobless rale. 



There are 5.5 million U.S. workers 
surviving on part-time jobs and 1.2 
million * discouraged* workers no 
longer applying for aid. Jobless 
rate is still higher than every year 
between 1947 and 1981. 

On the first Friday of every month, 
at 8:30 a.m.. the U.S. Labor Depart- 
ment's Bureau of Labor Statistics re- 
leases the national employment and 
unemployment data for the previous 
month. It happens right across the street 
from the UBC General Office in Wash- 
ington. The radio and television net- 
works place their mobile units beside 
the curb, and, with their antennea ex- 
tending high in the air for quick links 
to their base stations, the newscasters 
spread the news. 

The one figure that is headhned by 
the newspapers and highlighted on the 
evening television news is the jobless 
rate. It's the magic number, so to speak, 
which buries the rest of the depart- 
ment's unemployment statistics in news 
reports and the popular mind. 

But how much does the magic num- 
ber reveal about the extent of unem- 
ployment in the nation and its com- 
munities? That question was raised at 
a recent Capitol Hill press conference 
by a coalition of religious, labor, and 
civil rights leaders that released its own 
"First Friday" report. 

Actual unemployment and under- 
employment, said the report, stands at 
over 13% of the labor force, far above 
the Labor Department's 7.4% rate for 
October. The higher figure, which rep- 
resents more than 15 million men and 
women, takes into account not only the 
"officially" unemployed, but also the 
5.5 million people working part-time 
because they couldn't find full-time jobs, 
and the 1.2 million "discouraged" 
workers who have despaired of finding 
any job. The 13% figure doesn't even 
include more than 2 million under- 
employed "working poor" receiving 
poverty level wages. 

(The so-called "discouraged" work- 
ers are primarily those who have been 
unemployed for so many weeks that 
they have exhausted their unemploy- 
ment benefits and are. consequently, 
dropped from statistical listings alto- 
gether. They're out in never-never land 
until they get a job. Canadian labor 
leaders estimate that there are half a 

million such "discouraged" workers in 
their statistical never-never land.) 

Despite the past two years of "re- 
covery," the report noted, there are 
almost a half-million more officially job- 
less now than in 1980: 1.2 million more 
discouraged workers and another 1.2 
million involuntary part-time workers. 

Moreover, many communities have 
higher jobless rates than four years ago, 
said the report, titled, "Communities 
in Crisis: Real Unemployment in Amer- 
ica," and prepared by the Full Em- 
ployment Action Council. The report 
revealed that 17 of the 20 metropolitan 
areas hit hardest by unemployment are 
substantially worse off today. These 
include cities in Texas, Ohio, Pennsyl- 
vania, West Virginia, Illinois, New Jer- 
sey, California, Alabama, Florida, and 

In addition, already high unemploy- 
ment increased even more among fe- 

male heads of households, blacks, His- 
panics, and teenagers. 

Also, the average period of unem- 
ployment grew from 13.2 weeks in Oc- 
tober 1980 to 16,5 weeks in October 
1984. Yet only 30% of the jobless are 
drawing unemployment compensation 
benefits, less than half the percentage 
in the 1974-75 recession. 

Even the official 7.4% jobless rate is 
higher than in eveiy year between 1947 
and 1981 except for the recession year 
of 1976, the report noted in questioning 
how this came to be called "recovery." 

Meanwhile, trade unionists in Canada 
are also asking, "Where's the recov- 
ery?" The new prime minister, Brian 
Mulroney, has made strong promises 
that his Conservative government will 
move quickly to bring about economic 
recovery. Mulroney has promised to 
meet soon with labor and management 
leaders to stimulate industrial produc- 
tion and job creation. 

Effective January 1, 1985, Canadian 
employers began paying $2.35 in pre- 
miums for each $100 of insurable earn- 
ings, up from $2.30 per $100 last year. 
The government in Ottawa has decided 
to undertake a thorough review of the 
Unemployment Insurance (UI) pro- 
gram. One proposal from the new gov- 
ernment, made by Finance Minister 
Michael Wilson in his economic state- 
ment, has labor concerned: Wilson in- 
dicated that the new government in- 
tends to count employment pension 
income and separation payments as 
earnings when determining an individ- 
Continued on Page 34 

Displaced Workers Earn 

Less in New Jobs, BLS Reports 

A majority of the approximately 5.1 
million displaced workers identified 
in a recent Labor Department report 
had found new jobs by the beginning 
of 1984, but nearly half of them were 
earning less than they had in the jobs 
they lost during recent recessions. 
The analysis, conducted by the Bu- 
reau of Labor Statistics and spon- 
sored by the department's Employ- 
ment and Training Administration, is 
the first comprehensive study of dis- 
placed workers ever conducted by a 
government agency. 

Between January 1979 and January 
1984. a total of 11.? million workers 
lost their jobs. A sizeable number had 
been on the job only a short lime 
when the loss occurred, and BLS 
limited its study to workers with a 
minimum of three years' tenure. Some 
60%, or 3. 1 million, of those displaced 
workers had found new jobs by Jan- 
uary 1984. while 25% (1.3 million) 
were still looking for work, and 15% 

(700,000) had dropped out of the labor 

Data on some two million workers 
who had obtained new full time jobs 
show that 1.1 million, or 55'7c. had 
higher earnings in their new jobs and 
500,000 of them reported earnings at 
least 20% above their old positions. 
Of the 900,000 with lower pay, 600.000. 
or two thirds of them, had taken cuts 
of 20% or more. 

Almost half of those who had been 
displaced had worked in the manu- 
facturing sector. Fewer than half of 
displaced workers in primary metals 
had found new jobs. On the other 
hand, more than three fourths of those 
displaced from finance, insurance and 
real estate jobs had found new em- 
ployment. BLS found that older 
workers were less likely to find new 
jobs than their younger counterparts 
and that women in general were less 
likely to be reemployed and more 
likely to have left the labor force. 

JANUARY, 1985 

Housing Construction 
Still in Recession, 
Because of High Interest 
Rates and Federal 
Budget Deficits 

■■•■I ■■■ 

;;; I ••• 

Home Builders Forecast 

1.5 Million Housing Starts in 1985 

Housing construction declined 14% 
to a level of about 1.5 million starts in 
1984 and will possibly decline even 
further in 1986 because of the nation's 
runaway federal deficit, according to a 
few of the nation's leading housing 

Speaking at the semi-annual housing 
forecast conference sponsored jointly 
by the National Association of Home 
Builders and the National Council of 
the Housing Industry, the economists 
generally agreed that housing starts in 
1984 would total about 1 .74 million, the 
best production year since 1979. N AHB 
is projecting 1.74 million starts for 1984 
and 1.5 million for 1985. 

"I think we'll slip back into recession 
in the second half of 1986 and the first 
half of 1987," said Leonard Santow. 
partner of Griggs and Santow, a con- 
sulting firm of New York City. "That 
would give us a little more than four 
years of economic recovery. We'll do 
okay in 1985 but 1986 will be misera- 

Santow said the 1986 recession would 
be precipitated by the "mismatch of 
fiscal and monetary policies" and the 
nation's growing federal deficit. He said 
starts would range between 1.5 and 1.6 
million in 1985 and between 1 . 1 and 1 .4 
million in 1986. 

Lawrence Chimerine, chairman and 
chief economist of Chase Economet- 
rics, agreed. "A sustained recovery in 
the U.S. is impossible because of the 
deficits," he said. "We're already seeing 
severe slowdown in the third quarter 
of 1984 because of the large deficits." 

Chimerine forecast 1.5 million starts 
for 1985 and 1.4 million for 1986. 


Chimerine added that he thinks in- 
terest rates will seesaw, going up as the 
recovery picks up and dropping as it 

In broad ranging comments that cov- 
ered both the economy and housing as 
it relates to the economy. Santow noted 
that if there is a recession in the second 
half of 1986, members of Congress who 
rode in on Ronald Reagan's coattails in 
1980 could lose their seats resulting in 
a lame duck presidency. 

Mr. Santow added that the Reagan 
administration, assuming it wins the 
election, will not pass any income tax 
increases but to generate needed funds 
will have to raise taxes for industry. 

"No one's tax rates will go up. he 
said, "but they will broaden the base 
through industry." Generally, he said. 

"there will be no major tax reform in 

Santow also said that after a three- 
year recession the nation should have 
expected large increases in starts since 
most recoveries include three to five 
years of economic upswings. There- 
fore, the logical assumption is that if 
there was a three-year recession the 
nation could expect a five-year recov- 
ery, he said. However, if the imbalance 
between monetary policy and fiscal pol- 
icy isn't rectified, "we won't get five 
years of recovery." 

Commenting on the question of why 
interest rates are down, Chimerine 
pointed to the sharp slowdown in the 
economy and said that the money mar- 
kets are probably overreacting. 

He added that the last six months 
have seen a staggering amount of for- 
eign capital coming into the U.S. and 
said there is no indication of how long 
it will continue. However, he added, 
"It is unreasonable to believe it will 
continue to flow in at this rate." 


There has also been a delay in raising 
the debt ceiling and in the last few 
months the deficit actually went down. 

Detroit Pension Fund Adds Jobs 

The Carpenters Pension Triisl Fund <yf Detroit. Mich., is one 
of three participants in the Multi-Employer Property Trust, a 
national real estate equity fund that recently announced a 
$3,000,000 convertible mortgage investment in the first phase of 
the Kirts Office Park. Troy, Mich. The Multi-Employer Property 
Trust is a new real estate fund which invests only in new- 
construction, commercial real estate properties that are union 
huilt. Shown at right is a building already erected under Phase 1 
of the Kirts Office Park plan. 

Ub.«" d* h* 

.» 10 

JO^ '^bs 

. Tn 

""^f™"!' mI 


he noted, adding that there will be a 
substantial increase in Treasury bor- 
rowing in the next few months. So even 
with a modest rebound in the economy, 
once these temporary factors no longer 
influence the economy, the nation will 
see an increase in rates and another 
slowing of the economy, he said. 

Chimerine also predicted that rising 
structural deficits in this part of the 
economy will push interest rates high 
and said he expects interest rates to 
stabilize and then rise this year. 

Michael Sumichrast, chief economist 
and senior staff vice president of the 
National Association of Home Build- 
ers, projected a decline in starts to the 
1.47 to 1.5 million level. "Even though 
interest rates will still be high, I think 
it will be a reasonably good year," he 
said. "I think we'll muddle through 
1985 on a declining note." 

However, he added, 1986 or even the 
second half of 1985 "will be an entirely 
different story with a much deeper de- 

Looking further into the future, Sum- 
ichrast said the next five to ten years 
(assuming a Republican in the White 
House) will see less government rather 
than more. 

The next five to ten years will see a 
continuation of the dependence on two 
incomes for purchasing a house, he 
said. In addition, the government will 
continue to use a large share of available 
capital and housing will have to com- 
pete with it for funds. 

Interest rates will remain high and 
will not drop into the single-digit range, 
Sumichrast added. He also pointed out 
that the United States, like most other 
industrialized countries, is moving to- 
ward preservation of existing housing 
inventory and said housing develop- 
ments will have much higher densities 
in the future. 

In the next 5 to 10 years builders will 
diversify, Sumichrast said, adding that 
although it will be a subdued decade 
there will be opportunities for all. One 
challenge that the industry faces is de- 
veloping units affordable for the lower 
end of the market, he said. The rental 
market will be tight, he added, and 
there is no question that the lower end 
of the market must be helped somehow 
by government participation in housing. 


Nord Door Must Pay 
Strikers Displaced 
by Work Transfer 

The E. A. Nord Co. of Everett, 
Wash., once known for its high-quality 
doors, is finding that you can't really 
depend on professional union-busters 
in key management jobs to get rid of a 

The third-generation owner of a fam- 
ily-held firm replaced Nord's previous 
management team with alumni of a firm 
of union-busting consultants, and the 
next step was predictable. 

Management insisted on givebacks in 
pay and benefits, but adamantly refused 
to document its need for concessions 
by letting the union see its books. When 
workers struck in July. 1983. the com- 
pany scoured the unemployment lines 
of seven western states to keep oper- 
ations going behind the picket line. 

But after more than 16 months, it 
hasn't broken the union and only about 
30 of more than 600 original strikers 
have returned to work. 

Local 1054, a UBC affiliate through 
the Western Council of the Lumber, 
Production & Industrial Workers, is still 
maintaining around-the-clock picket 

Union Award 

In November, the local union won 
an arbitration based on flagrant pre- 
strike contract violation by manage- 
ment. The award, still being deter- 
mined, will result in substantial pay- 
ments to several hundred members who 
were on layoff when the company se- 
cretly funneled bargaining-unit work to 
a low-wage, non-union operation. 

Furthermore, Nord management 
stumbled badly in its effort to get the 
union decertified through the votes of 
strikebreakers. The decertification 
election, held last July, brought an in- 
conclusive and clearly tainted 433 votes 
for decertification, 360 votes to retain 
the union and 403 votes challenged by 
one or the other side. 

The NLRB has issued an unfair labor 
practice complaint, alleging "coercive" 
conduct by management — including 
promises of "no layoffs" if the union 
was decertified and warnings of job 
losses if the union was retained. The 

complaint and the election challenges 
will be argued before an NLRB admin- 
istrative law judge in mid-January. 

Adding to the case against the com- 
pany was its abrupt dismissal of a large 
group of strikebreakers — between 170 
and 200 by newspaper estimates — the 
week after the election. 

A news story in the Everett Herald 
quotes angry, fired workers as charging 
that the company deliberately con- 
cealed its plans for a cutback until after 
the election, counting on the strike- 
breakers who were working to vote 
against the union. 

"I think they wanted more people 
inside than outside — just to pad the 
election," one strikebreaker told the 

"We were used as pawns," another 
said. "They told us the day before the 
vote there would be no layoffs," a 
strikebreaker was quoted. 

Everett Herald reporters described 
the scene as the fired workers left the 
plant, "escorted" out by secunty guards. 

They had been regularly taunted by 
the strikers during the months they 
crossed the picket line, he noted. But 
now, he reported, "for the first time 
many yelled encouragements to the 
pickets." Some of the quotes: 

"You guys were right . . . Now, we 
know . . . You guys know how they 

Local 1054 Business Agent Frank 
Dennee said the background to the 
arbitration case reflects the attitude of 
the E. A. Nord management before the 

In February 1983, six months before 
the contract expired, the company 
opened a facility in Kent, Wash., where 
it performed door patching and related 

"This facility was kept secret from 
the union, and management officials 
actively misled union members about 
its existence," Dennee said. 

In May of that year, he said, three 
union members followed a truck and 
discovered the facility in full operation 
while almost 200 union members in 

Continued on Page 20 

JANUARY, 1985 



U.S. Trade Representative Bill Brock has raised 
the spectre of a widening global trade war, unless 
the nations of the world can agree to liberalize 

Calling 1985 "a year of decision," Mr. Brock said 
the Reagan administration will push strongly for a 
major new round of negotiations with its trading 
partners in an effort to bring agricultural trade, in- 
vestment and the increasingly important trade in 
services under an international code of conduct. 

Under the Reagan Administration, Brock has at- 
tempted to arrange voluntary agreements with Ja- 
pan and other nations, removing or reducing trade 
barriers, so that American goods can find markets 
overseas. He has met only limited success. As a 
consequence, U.S. Steelworkers, Auto Workers, 
and Clothing Workers are facing continued layoffs, 
as cheaper imports pour into the continental United 


Protests against South Africa's brutal repression 
of its fledgling black trade union movement spread 
across the U.S. in recent weeks, as leaders of 
American labor threw their full weight behind the 

An appeal by AFL-CIO President Lane Kirkland 
brought the largest turnout so far in the daily pro- 
tests at the South African Embassy which began 
November 21 . More than 500 trade union leaders 
and staff picketed the embassy as AFL-CIO Secre- 
tary-Treasurer Thomas R. Donahue, Newspaper 
Guild President Charles A. Perlik Jr., and Steel- 
workers vice president Leon Lynch were arrested 
when they crossed a police barrier in their symbolic 

More than two dozen people, including members 
of Congress, labor and civil rights leaders, have 
been arrested there as the daily protests continue 
against apartheid and the repression of South Afri- 
can workers. 

AFL-CIO officials say they are gratified by South 
Africa's release on December 7 of several black 
trade union leaders arrested without charge follow- 
ing a massive, peaceful protest strike in early No- 
vember, but they warned that protests will continue. 


The Samuel Gompers Stamp Club has an- 
nounced it has First Day Covers available on the 
new Hispanic Americans commemorative stamp. 

The Gompers Club said it honors the Labor 
Council for Latin American Advancement with this 
FDC, and a filler card provides a brief history and 
purpose of LCLAA. Founded in 1973, it has 85 
chapters in 25 states. A major priority of LCLAA is 
to promote voter registration and political participa- 

In a bit of political by-play, the Gompers Club 
noted, President Reagan's political operatives re- 
leased the Hispanic-American stamp on Oct. 31 
with no advance notice, six days before the elec- 
tion, after a closed White House reception for His- 
panic war heroes. Normally, the Club said, it takes 
six months or more between the design issuance 
and the release of a new stamp. The Reagan peo- 
ple did this one in three weeks. 

Editor's Note: The new stamp can be ordered from the 
Gompers Stamp Club at P.O. Box 1233, Springfield, Va. 22151 
for $1 each, 3 for $2.50; send a #10 self-addressed stamped 


The AFL-CIO boycott against the Equitable Life 
Assurance Society is over now that Service Em- 
ployees District 925 has ratified a first three-year 
pact for insurance claims processors at Equitable's 
Syracuse, N.Y., office. 

However, the AFL-CIO Union Label and Service 
Trades Dept. reminds members that the union boy- 
cott against the Adolph Coors Co. continues despite 
a recent agreement between Coors and six Latino 
advocacy groups. 

Coors agreed to invest in Latino-owned banks 
and companies, hire more Latino workers, and 
name a Latino vice president in return for an ex- 
pected increase in the number of Latino Coors 


Dr. Robert McCormick Adams was recently 
named to head the world's largest complex of mu- 
seums, art galleries, and performing arts groups — 
the world renowned Smithsonian Institution. Profes- 
sionally, Adams was a noted archeologist, but what 
almost none of Adams' colleagues discovered was 
that the new head of the Smithsonian after college 
had toiled as a full-time steelworker. 


Ronald J. St. Cyr has been named to head the 
Labor Department's Bureau of Labor Management 
Relations and Cooperative Programs. St. Cyr joined 
the department in 1981 after 26 years with the 
Kaiser Steel Corporation, where he was industrial 
relations manager. 



U.S. Capitol Restorers 

Are Putting Up 

A Good, Union Front 

Inaugural stands 
are union made, too 

When President Ronald Reagan is sworn into office 
on January 21 for his second term, he. the Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court, and other dignitaries 
will be on a platform erected by members of the 
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of 

The nation's leaders will be looking out upon the 
west lawn of the U.S. Capitol, where thousands of 
Americans will be assembled to witness the historic 
event. The mass of closely packed onlookers will 
stretch to Constitution Avenue, almost to the head- 
quarters building of the United Brotherhood at 101 
Constitution, N.W. 

The backdrop to this dramatic event may be a 
maze of scaffolding across the facade of the building 
and huge crisscrossed timbers bracing the columns 
at the West Front entrance. It's part of Congress's 
unfinished business for the next few years. 

The U.S. Capitol, seat of the nation's government, 
is undergoing a much-needed facelift on its west side. 
When the inaugural ceremonies are over a team of 
union Building Tradesmen employed by the Charles 
H. Tompkins Co., general contractors, will begin a 
project which may take as long as three years to 
complete. Windows will be removed and replaced by 
union carpenters. Reinforced steel ties must be in- 
stalled. New concrete must be poured on the portico. 
Stone work has to be restored. It's ajob long overdue. 

There has been a controversy on Capitol Hill for 
almost 20 years, as legislators argued about what to 
do to the West Front of the building. On one side 
were the expansionists, who favored a sizable addi- 
tion which would have added numerous offices, 
hearing rooms, restaurants, and other facilities. On 
the other side were the preservationists, who argued 
that the proposed addition would destroy the beauty 
and integrity of the magnificent domed structure. 

The controversy came to a head in 1983 when 
nearly 100 square feet of sandstone veneer fell off 
the crumbling west wall, exposing the underlying 
brick and stone. Like London Bridge of the nursery 
rhyme, the West Front was falling down. 

So the preservationists won the argument. Action 
had to be taken quickly. In 1983 Congress rejected 
a proposed $70.5 million extension plan and ap- 
proved, instead, a restoration project estimated to 
cost about $48 million and to take approximately 
1200 days to complete. 

The restoration work will follow the recommen- 
dations made in a 1978 study by a New York engi- 
neering firm. The first phase, completed early last 
year, removed all the gray paint from a 335-foot-long 
section of the West Front. This work was done by 
Polonia Restorations, Inc. 

Next comes the hard part. Over the next three 
years, stainless-steel reinforcing rods will be inserted 
in the decaying walls of the structure. Grout will be 
poured into the space between inner and outer walls. 

Elliott Carroll, executive assistant to George White, 
the U.S. Capitol's chief architect, estimates that 20 
to 25% of the original sandstone will have to be 
replaced as a result of a weathering process called 

Limestone, not sandstone, will be used for the 
replacement veneer. After the refurbished facade has 
been sealed and painted, the differences in the stone 
will be undetectable. 

The restoration area will be "bird-proofed" with 
low-voltage electric wires, already installed in newer 
sections of the Capitol. 

The pinewood window frames and casing on the 
building's central west front will be replaced. After 
this, the entire central west front will be washed with 
a coating of sealant, protecting it against rain and 

Only then will the building be painted. The color 
will match the warm, yellowish tones of the Massa- 
chusetts marble on the Senate and House wings. 

Mr. Carroll said only the most discerning eye will 
find that the central west front does not match the 
central east front, which is covered with bluish-toned 
Georgian marble. 

As always, the paint on the Capitol's dome will 
not match the coloring of the building's central 
portions, but rather the marble shadings on the House 
and Senate wings, which have never undergone 
exterior change. 

At the very least, all this painting has made today's 
paint chemists very happy because the 30 layers 
removed from the Capitol last fall has given them a 
history of paint development since 1825. 

The work in progress now involves setting up 

temporary roads on the west front grounds for truck 
access and positioning the cranes which will be lifting 
materials and machines over the west terraces and 
into the construction area. 

Proper execution of the latter is very important. 

"We are quite concerned about a crane swinging 
around while the Senate is in session," said Mr. 
Carroll in his made-for-radio voice. 

Working north to south, leaving the central base 
of the building's west front untouched until after the 
inaugural ceremonies, the workmen will set up scaf- 
folding from which to drill 110 holes for the same 
number of 27-foot-long stainless steel rods with pie- 
shaped plates at either end. These will hold the 
Capitol's vaulted structure together and strengthen 
the foundation. 

This work will start in September and continue 
until the end of the construction period, November 

At the same time, workmen will replace the most 
badly damaged slabs of sandstone, estimated at 25% 
of the total west-front area, with limestone. 

"We will not repeat the mistake of 1793 by using 
a granular, weak, porous stone," said Mr. Carroll. 

In addition to limestone's heartier character, the 
use of a different type of stone will also enable future 
archaeologists to record the ongoing development 
and renovation of the Capitol, Mr. Carroll said. 

Scaffolding masks the West Front of the U.S. 
Capitol, where a $48-million facelifting will 
strengthen and beautify the crumbling walls 
of the 184-year-old building. Down Pennsyh'a- 
nia Avenue, the North Portico of the White 
House is covered by canvas sheeting and 
scaffolding for a periodic paint job. 

* ■ 




How We'll Earn a Living 
After the Year 2000 AD 


National Geographic News Service 

"And what do you do?" may still be 
the favorite question at 21st-century 
social events, hut the answers will add 
up to something new. 

Most Americans will be working in 
information-related fields, futurists say. 
Hardly anyone will work in factories, 
and even fewer on farms. 

There will be more biologists than 
there are today, and, because of the 
older population, more paramedical and 
geriatric social workers. The number 
of restaurateurs and travel agents will 

increase to help us fill our expanding 
leisure time. 

The 21st-century social event may 
include a genetic-engineering specialist 
or a robot technician. And sometime 
next century, we may travel in social 
circles with a space-flight attendant or 
a space pharmacist. 

But telephone operators, postal clerks, 
meter readers, and aircraft structure 
assemblers may be hard to find. New 
technologies could make many of their 
jobs unnecessary. 

The view of the 21st century remains 
a bit murky in 1985, but technological 
breakthroughs occurring today — espe- 
cially the development of industrial ro- 
bots, telecommunications, and biotech- 
nology — guarantee that the worker of 
2000 and beyond will face a choice of 
occupations different from today's. 

There will still be doctors, lawyers, 
and merchants, but automation will send 
the bank teller, the supermarket check- 
out clerk, the metal worker, and the 
machinist the way of the elevator op- 

JANUARY, 1985 


erator. the milkman, and the bowling 

A bulletin board of job openings might 
contain these descriptions: 

• Biomedical engineer — Makes bionic 
arms. legs, hands, and feet, as well as 
instruments to let the blind see and the 
deaf hear. 

• Laser inspection technician — In- 
stalls and maintains laser devices used 
everywhere from grocery checkouts to 

• Hazardous waste technician — 
Monitors, collects, transports, and dis- 
poses of hazardous wastes. 

• High-skilled paramedic — Under the 
eye of a portable TV camera, peforms 
emergency procedures on accident vic- 
tims, supervised by doctors watching 
monitors at a hospital. 


The century will see more women 
and older people on the job. futurists 
say. More people will work at home, 
especially the handicapped, who will 
be able to "telecommute" to an all- 
electric office by computer. 

Whatever we do. we'll probably do 
less of it. "In the last 100 years, we cut 
our number of working hours in half, 
and I think we'll do that again in half 
the time," says John Naisbitt, author 
of the book Megatrends. But few work- 
ers will hold one job for life; changing 
technologies will force a series of career 
changes and mid-career training sab- 

W. Clyde Helms of Occupations 
Forecasting. Inc.. in Fairfax. Va.. is 
convinced that Americans are not ready 
for the jobs of the future. "The future 
doesn't begin at 12:01 a.m. Jan. I. 2000; 
it's happening today." he asserts. "The 
youths entering school today are the 
work force of the 21st century." 

Technology has led in the evolution 
of the typical American worker, from 
farmer to factory laborer to information 
specialist. Today more than half of all 
Americans work in creating, process- 
ing, and disseminating information — 
programmers, teachers, secretaries, ac- 
countants, insurance people, engineers, 
librarians, television and newspaper re- 
porters — and the percentage is increas- 

When Ronald Reagan was born in 
1911, almost a third of Americans worked 
on farms. Now barely one in 30 works 
the land, and most analysts expect even 
fewer farmers in the 21st century. 

Manufacturing is shrinking, too. In 
1980, 28% of the work force was in 
manufacturing. The percentage is ex- 
pected to drop, possibly to only 3% by 
2030, says S. Norman Feingold. presi- 
dent of National Career and Counseling 
Services in Washington. 

Increasing numbers of blue-collar 
workers are in service jobs rather than 
manufacturing. Already, far more peo- 
ple work for McDonald's, for example, 
than for U.S. Steel. 


The computer is the heart and brain 
of our information-based society. Of 
the five fastest-growing occupations 
listed by the U.S. Department of Labor, 
four are in the computer field. More 
computers undoubtedly will mean more 
computer security experts, people who 
try to protect computer systems from 
outside meddlers. 

Computers will continue to evolve, 
changing people's jobs as they go. The 
all-electronic office will rewrite some 
job descriptions. Alvin Toffler points 
out in his book The Third Wave. Typing, 
the central function of today's secre- 
tary, will become obsolete, he says, 
with the advent of dictation equipment 
that will convert spoken words into 

The role of lawyers may shift, says 
Charles Craver, a law professor at the 
University of Illinois. "With a home 
computer, you'll write a will without 
help from a lawyer — you'll just fill out 
a questionnaire and send it to your 
lawyer electronically." he says. 

Craver, whose specialty is labor law, 
says the drain of industry to foreign 
sites will continue as long as U.S. wages 
remain so much higher than those of 
developing countries. Mending fences 
with China, he says, could sap Ameri- 
can jobs: 'Tf China allows outside com- 
panies unlimited access to its one billion 
people, I shudder to think how many 
manufacturing jobs we could lose." 


Electronic arms, activated by motion sen- 
sors and electrical signals from the skin, 
brighten the future of a Seattle victim of a 
powerline accident. New replacements for 
damaged body parts — blood vessels, skin, 
joints, hearts, and ears — will mean more 
work for the next century's biomedical en- 
gineers. Surgeons who specialize in artifi- 
cial organ transplants also will be in de- 
mand by 2000, when many jobs will differ 
from today's. 

The American assembly-line worker 
in 2000 may be a robot, and eventually 
the traditional assembly line may dis- 
appear completely. Robots and related 
forms of automation are already here; 
most analysts believe there will be sev- 
eral hundred thousand robots at work 
by 2000. 

These "steel-collar" workers inev- 
itably will displace many blue collars — 
especially autoworkers. metal workers, 
and machinists — but they also will elim- 
inate some drudgery and dangerous 
work. This type of automation will 
create future jobs such as robot tech- 
nicians, who will program, install, or 
maintain industrial robots. 

Automation also may open doors for 
women. Few factory jobs will require 
brawn; instead, the worker will sit at a 
keyboard punching out programs that 
control robots. 

The technology might even boost 
overall industry employment. During 
the Industrial Revolution, for example, 
the introduction of the Hargreaves jenny 
allowed one worker to produce as much 
as 200 spinners had. Yet employment 
in the British textile industry tripled, 
because productivity meant large price 
reductions and increased demand. 

IBM Corporation, which has been 
making robots for three years, is plan- 
ning for the day when computers, ro- 
bots, and other automation merge to 
guide a product from design through 
manufacture. But the idea depends on 
highly skilled technicians, who are in 
short supply. To prepare for the future, 
IBM is financing a $50-million auto- 
mation training program at engineering 

The telecommunications industry also 
is multiplying faster than skilled tech- 

"We expect as much as a 300% 
increase in employees by 2000," says 
Dr. Bennett Berman, manager of net- 
work operations, technical training, and 
education for MCI Telecommunica- 

The bulk of MCI's employees work 
in long-distance telephone service to- 
day, he says, but the company's 21st- 
century workers more likely will be 
involved in technology that is just now 
blooming — cellular radio (a form of mo- 
bile telephone), electronic mail, or per- 
sonal computers that will tap the na- 
tion's libraries. 


Among the job fields that promise 
more demand for specialists is biotech- 
nology, including genetic engineering, 
says Nelson Schneider, a financial an- 
alyst specializing in biotechnology for 
the brokerage firm of E.F. Hutton & 
Continued on Page 20 





The average family has been gradually receiving 
more of its income directly from the government in 
the last decade while the rate of income tax has 
remained "relatively stable," Statistics Canada re- 
ported recently. 

The average family in 1982 received 10% of its 
income from government transfer payments, which 
include family allowances, old-age pensions, unem- 
ployment insurance, and welfare. Figures released 
recently by Statistics Canada show that increasingly 
large numbers of people are living in poverty, in 
part because of unemployment of inflation, suggest- 
ing that more may be dependent on government 

In 1982 and 1983, an additional 800,000 people 
fell below the poverty line, according to a study of 
last month's figures by the National Anti-Poverty 

The latest Statistics Canada figures also show 
that for unattached individuals, those who are sin- 
gle, widowed or divorced, the percentage of income 
made up of government transfer payments in- 
creased to 15.5 in 1982 from 10.2 in 1971. 

The same Statistics Canada report estimated the 
average after-tax income of families at $27,860, 2% 
lower than the comparable 1981 figure after adjust- 
ing for inflation. 


The government should consider loosening up 
"expensive" laws dealing with child labor, statutory 
holidays, minimum wages, and health and safety 
standards, the Canadian Manufacturing Association 

In a submission made to both the federal Cabinet 
and the Royal Commission on the Economy re- 
cently, the CMA said this kind of work-place legisla- 
tion does not benefit workers if it is so expensive 
that employers cannot be competitive. 

Roy Phillips, president of the CMA, told reporters 
that statutory holidays — which include Christmas 
and Canada Day — can get in the way of business if 
they are adhered to rigidly. 

Laws that require employers to notify their em- 
ployees before laying them off are in some cases 
excessive, he said, adding that minimum wages 

lead to unemployment in many instances. 

Graeme Hughes, executive vice-president of the 
CMA, said that other forms of work-place legislation 
that should perhaps be cut back include child labor 
laws and health and safety rules. 

He said firms should be allowed to opt out of 
such legislation if both workers and managers 

Canadian labour organizations are studying the 
CMA proposals and are prepared to comment upon 


Employees are more concerned about take-home 
pay and less preoccupied with retirement benefits 
than they were two years ago, a survey of 148 
Canadian businesses has revealed. 

The change in attitude resulted in the cost of 
pension plans to decline to 4.1% of payroll for the 
typical Canadian employer in 1984 from 4.9% in 
1982 and 5.2% in 1980, according to the survey by 
Thorne Stevenson and Kellogg of Toronto. 

A desire to keep up with inflation over the last 
two years combined with government restraints on 
employee compensation were probably behind the 
shift, said Scott MacCrimmon, a senior manage- 
ment consultant with Thorne Stevenson. 

"People tend to want cash in hand when inflation 
is running at between 5 and 10%," Mr. Mac- 
Crimmon said. And under Ottawa's 6-and-5 re- 
straint package, employees usually prefered every- 
thing they were entitled to in cash "and nothing in 
the form of better pension plans." 

Another factor in the decline in pension costs was 
the large number of layoffs in 1982 and 1983 that 
significantly reduced pension liabilities, lowering 
contributions to pension funds in 1984. 

The Thorne Stevenson report, which cost 
$50,000 to produce and sells for $250 a copy, also 
showed a drop in total benefit plan costs to 32.5% 
of payroll in 1984 from 32.7% in 1982 and 33.1% in 

However, employers are paying nearly $9,000 in 
annual benefits per employee, up more than 20% 
from two years ago. 

Although pension plan contributions were lower, 
the cost of insured employee benefits, such as 
group life, hospital costs, disability insurance and 
dental plans rose nearly 32% since 1 982 to more 
than an annual $1,400 per employee. 

The soaring popularity of dental plans is mainly 
behind this rise. Eighty-six percent of employers 
surveyed had dental plans this year, compared with 
75% in 1982, 64% in 1980 and 41% in 1978. 

Pulp and paper companies, the petroleum and 
pipeline industries and utilities have the most gener- 
ous benefits, paying between 37% and 38% of pay- 
roll for an all-inclusive benefit package. 

The lowest level of benefits were paid in printing 
and publishing, construction and most trade cate- 

The survey also revealed that as a result of the 

• The cost of severance and saving plan benefits 
is up more than 1 30% since 1 982. 

• Bonus and profit-sharing payments, excluding 
executive bonuses, dropped dramatically. 

The Thorne Stevenson survey has been con- 
ducted every two years since 1953. 

JANUARY, 1985 


Organize What We Can Service, 
But Organize vigorously, 
UBC Leaders Tell Delegates 

Canadian Industrial Conference 
Plans Coordinated Efforts in '85 

Delegates from UBC industrial local 
unions throughout Canada assembled 
in Toronto, Ont., December 4, 5, and 
6 to assess their progress to date and 
lay plans for organizing and adminis- 
tration in the year ahead. Every prov- 
ince was represented in the delibera- 

General President Patrick Campbell, 
who addressed the delegates in the 
opening session, praised the work being 
accomplished in the face of high un- 
employment and the union-busting ac- 
tivities of some elements of Canadian 
industry. He called for stronger orga- 
nizing efforts but emphasized that serv- 
ice to those workers already organized 
is of primary importance, too. Organize 
what we can service, he told the dele- 

The conference covered many prac- 
tical, day-to-day matters faced by local 

industrial union officers and stewards — 
billing procedures, relations with the 
General Office in Washington, coordi- 
nated efforts with the Research Office 
in Toronto, how to deal with employer 
demands for concessions and freezes, 
what financial information to request 
from employers and how to evaluate 
such information, legal developments 
in collective bargaining, and an expla- 
nation of procedures best followed for 
work relocations. 

Copies of Canadian editions of two 
new UBC handbooks were distributed 
to the delegates — a Manual for Indus- 
trial Local Union Presidents and a Man- 
ual for Industrial Local Union Record- 
ing Secretaries. 

The Canadian Research Office com- 
piled, prior to the conference, a com- 
prehensive report on "Selected Eco- 

nomic Indicators," which is expected 
to become a valuable source of data for 
collective bargaining in the months 
ahead. Research Director Derek Man- 
son reviewed the findings of the report 
for the delegates. 

A compilation of "Major Wage Set- 
tlements" for the second quarter of 
1984 was also distributed. It was based 
upon data supplied by the Ministry of 
Labour and was in both English and 
French versions. 

UBC leaders in the Canadian lumber 
and sawmill industry gathered at the 
conference hotel during the conference. 
They came from Quebec, Ontario, New 
Brunswick, and Newfoundland, and 
there were two delegates from Mani- 
toba. Lumber and sawmill representa- 
tives were particularly concerned with 
upcoming negotiations in the logging 
industry and with a pension plan in 
their industry. 

First General Vice President Sigurd 
Lucassen reminded delegates that the 
UBC union label can be one of the most 
effective tools in promoting unionism 
among industrial workers. 

"In many areas and on many jobs it 
is Brotherhood craftsmen who handle 
and install the millwork, cabinets, fix- 
tures, and many other products manu- 
factured bv our industrial member- 

Delegates to the UBC Canadian Industrial Con- 
ference assembled at Loew's West bury Hotel in 
Toronto for three days of intensive discussion of 
issues facing the union in 1985. Every province 
was represented in the three-day gathering. 

Though Canada faces high unemployment in 
many provinces (see Page 8). much emphasis 
was placed on an extensive organizing program 
to maintain wage levels and benefits. 



Amon^ the speakers at the Canadian Industrial Conference: Top row. from left, General President Patrick J. 
Campbell. First General Vice President Sigurd Litcassen, General Secretary John Rogers. General Treasurer 
Wayne Pierce: bottom row. 9th District Board Member John Curruthers. Canadian Organizing Director Thomas 
Harkness. lOlh District Board Member Ronald Dancer, and Director of Organization James Parker. 

ship," he noted. "Potentially, they have 
a great deal of leverage in promoting 
Brotherhood-made products, and we 
are working to see that that potential is 

Lucassen pointed out that when UBC 
members in construction do not urge 
their contractors to use union label 
products, they are not supporting union 
jobs for their fellow Brotherhood mem- 

"We promote the use of the Broth- 
erhood's Union Label Directory so that 
representatives can supply the names 
of union label firms when requested by 
a contractor." 

Lucassen brought a message from 
Second General Vice President An- 
thony Ochoctci, who was unable to 
attend because of a prior commitment. 
Ochocki stressed the importance of 
"creating a presence" in the union 
industrial shop and adequately repre- 
senting members through an effective 
steward system. He emphasized that 
local union members must he fully rep- 
resented on a day-to-day basis and that 
employers must realize that every mem- 
ber has the union standing behind him. 

General Secretary John Rogers, too. 

stressed the importance of a full range 
of activities for local union officers. He 
discussed membership trends in the 
industrial sector, and he reviewed local 
union billing procedures. 

General Treasurer Wayne Pierce was 
a participant in the conference. He 
reviewed some of the recent develop- 
ments in the governments of both the 
U.S. and Canada and reminded the 
delegates that political action will con- 
tinue to be a major concern of the 
United Brotherhood in the years ahead. 

Director of Organization James Par- 
ker decribed the work of Operation 
Turnaround, the Brotherhood's pro- 
gram of labor-management cooperation 
with union contractors and he empha- 
sized the necessity of forming and sup- 
porting local organizing committees. 

Parker praised recent organizing ef- 
forts in Canada, noting that 12 com- 
panies have been organized since March, 
bringing more than a thousand new 
members into the UBC. 

On the second day of the conference 
Douglas Wray, Toronto barrister and 
solicitor, assisted by Thomas Harkness, 
director of the UBC Canadian Organiz- 
ing Office, led a discussion of matters 

before the Labour Board, "hot" issues 
before arbitration, and employer de- 
mands for concessions and freezes. On 
the following day, James Nyman, of 
the Caley & Wray firm of barristers, 
discussed plant closings and reloca- 
Other speakers included: 

• UBC General Representative Roger 
Newman, who also serves as an auditor, 
discussed what financial information to 
request from employers and how to 
evaluate such information. 

• Bob Sass, associate professor of 
industrial relations and organizational 
behavior at the University of Saskatch- 
ewan, led a discussion on how to service 
the membership in the area of safety 
and health. 

• Kenneth Camisa. senior vice pres- 
ident of the Martin E. Segal Co., dis- 
cussed fringe benefit programs. 

• Canadian General Executive Board 
Members John Carruthers and Ronald 
Dancer, in addition to coordinating much 
of the conference activity, participated 
with General Treasurer Pierce in a panel 
discussion on "The Political Chal- 

JANUARY, 1985 


Known As Versatile 
'Equipment Doctors,' 
IViillwrigiits Ply Trade 
On Macliines, IVIolars 

By Edgar F. Coudal 

Special Correspondent, 
Transportation Engineer 

OCTOBEn 1 984 

Millwrights: industry's 
Machinery Doctors 

Whether the job calls for pulling an 
elephant's tooth, supervising the dis- 
mantling and reassembly of an entire 
production line which cannot afford to 
be shut down for even a minute, or 
completing the final alignments in the 
installation of the country's most so- 
phisticated newspaper printing presses, 
the highly honed skills of the millwright, 
a relatively small but respected trade, 
are called upon. 

When talents employing precision in- 
stallation using sophisticated measuring 
devices — or the kind of expertise that 
can only be gained on the job-^is needed, 
millwrights get the call. 

Known as "machinery doctors," 
millwrights make "house calls" in fac- 

Complexily is lite name 
of the game in mill- 
wright work, such as 
this job on a Nolan con- 
veyor. The conveyor was 
being installed in the 
Chicago Tribune i new 
state-of-the-art printing 
plant in the city's Free- 
dom Center. As with 
most jobs in which mill- 
wrights become in- 
volved. Taft personnel 
on this project worked 
closely with other crafts, 
including machinists, 
electricians, and riggers. 

tories to install equipment and make 
certain it is functioning properly. Work- 
ing closely with heavy haulers, riggers, 
pipefitters, and electricians, millwrights 
use their hands-on experience to install, 
repair, and maintain heavy equipment. 
Because they often set the pace for 
installations of new machinery, mill- 
wrights are generally the first people on 
the job. checking sites to assure they 
will accept a machinery installation, and 
the last to leave, after final checkout of 
the completed assembly. 

Historical Background 

Historically, early millwrights worked 
with wood as they constructed grinding 
and power generating mills, thus the 

The cover story in the October. 1984, 
Transportation Engineer, a trade journal, 
tells of the work of millwrights, particu- 
larly as it applies to the transportation in- 
dustry. The work described and the pic- 
tures are of operations handled by UBC 

On this page and the following two 
pages we reprint the Transportation Engi- 
neer article, with the permission of the 

name of their trade. They designed 
water wheel systems, carved the gear 
mechanisms out of wood and erected 
the mill machines. For centuries, mill- 
wrights performed the work that today 
falls into the province of civil engi- 

As iron and steel became increasingly 
important in the Industrial Revolution, 
the traditional job of the millwright 
gradually changed. The responsibility 
of installing and aligning heavy indus- 
trial machinery, such as conveyor sys- 
tems, escalators, electric generators, 
and packaging systems fell within the 
bailiwick of millwrights. 

Increasingly, as their skills became 
broader and yet more detailed, mill- 
wrights were called upon to make de- 
sign modifications in new equipment 

100,000 Millwrights in US 

Today, almost 100.000 millwrights 
use their skills to install and maintain 
equipment for a wide range of indus- 
tries. Their skills are used in such high- 
technology applications as maintenance 
at NASA facilities and at the Argonne 
National Laboratories where the se- 
crets of the atom are being uncovered, 
and in such comparatively mundane 
tasks as the shoring up of roofs in the 
wake of severe Midwestern winter 
storms, in addition to the final instal- 
lation of equipment in manufacturing 



plants of all sizes and descriptions. 

As their roles have changed over the 
decades, so have their tools. Today, 
sophisticated equipment such as hy- 
draulic gantries, mobile cranes, and 
high-precision optical measuring and 
leveling instruments are used to install 
complex pieces of machinery. 

"The millwright is a member of a 
craft which has grown because of its 
versatility," said Joseph Gaynor, vice 
president and principal of Taft Con- 
tracting Co., Chicago, one of the largest 
millwright companies in the nation. Taft 
Contracting, a member of the SC&RA, 
employs 70 millwrights on a full-time 
basis and supplements that force as 
business warrants. 

Gaynor said, "Our millwrights are 
always learning new techniques and 
new equipment installations. When they 
see a system that works at one plant, 
they store that information in their heads 
and then transfer it to another opera- 

This flexibility gives millwrights the 
ability to make field modifications on 
existing or new equipment without de- 
tail drawings. Trouble-shooting has be- 
come as much a part of the millwright's 
job as aligning equipment. 

A Sample Challenge 

Gaynor said, "Millwrights are called 
upon to install equipment from one 
manufacturer, conveyors from another, 
and packaging equipment from a third 
source, and marry the entire system 
together and make sure it runs. On 
paper, it always looks fine. On the plant 
floor, it may be a different story.'" 

An example of bringing learned skills 
and job experience to the plant floor 
was a job completed recently by Taft 
Contracting for the chewing tobacco 
division of a major US tobacco com- 
pany. Involved was the total relocation 
of a plant's equipment from Chicago to 
a western suburb, including the inte- 
gration of new equipment into the ex- 
isting packing, filling, and sealing line. 

Complicating the job was the require- 
ment that production could not be in- 
terrupted for even one day during the 
changeover and relocation. 

"We kept them on-line, still manu- 
facturing at one end, while we moved 
and installed equipment at the other 
end," said Richard J Walsh, another 
vice president and principal of Taft. "In 
order to do this, we followed a con- 
trolled phase-out path to dismantle and 
move everything. 

"Once we installed the old equipment 
at the new plant, our millwrights began 
to integrate new equipment into the 

A dramatic problem arose when it 

Not alt millwrighl work is in manufactur- 
ing. Here, a Taft crew installs a grain 
drying drum in central Iowa. 

A stock piece of equipment in the tool box 
of today's millwright is an optical leveling 
device such as this. Accurate to 1110,000 
of an inch, they cost upwards of $1,500. 

Working in almost antiseptic conditions 
with plastic floor drapes and white lab 
jumpsuits, Taft millwrights refurbish an 
oxygen compressor after complete tear- 
down. It was then reassembled and later 
moved from Taft headquarters for reinstal- 
lation at a Gary steel mill. 

was discovered that the new conveyor/ 
packaging system, which was to be used 
to fill 1.5 million tins of tobacco a day, 
could not be integrated into the system 
the way its manufacturer had planned. 

"The alternative was to handle all 
those tins by hand," Walsh said, "an 
obviously unsatisfactory solution, even 
if it could be done, which was doubtful. 

"When the manufacturer of the 
equipment ran out of ideas,"" Walsh 
continued, "our project superinten- 
dent, Tony Spelde, and our millwrights 
stepped in with suggestions as to mod- 
ifications to help the manufacturer rede- 
sign the system on the spot and make 
it operational . . . without missing a 
day"s production."' 

Solving a problem as large and po- 
tentially costly as this one is just part 
of a millwright's job. 

The millwrights working for Taft 
Contracting have installed complicated 
baking ovens for Continental Bakeries, 
automated equipment for paint manu- 
facturers such as Ace, Tru-Test. and 
Olympic, and completed installation of 
the ultra-modern, high-speed printing 
presses at The Chicago Tribune's, Free- 
dom Center, widely acclaimed as this 
country's state-of-the-art newspaper 
printing plant. 

Maintenance, Too 

But installing equipment is only part 
of a millwright's job. Maintaining that 
equipment is another major function. 
"In fact," Gaynor said." the bulk of 
our work is maintenance. For instance, 
we have a crew of millwrights at Sara 
Lee bakeries every day. They have 
maintained and repaired equipment there 
since we helped install it in 1967."" 

Geographic areas account for the dif- 
ferences in the type of work millwrights 
perform. In the northern industrial states, 
about 809f of the work performed by 
millwrights consists of maintenance and 
repair of older equipment. Fewer new 
plants are being built in these areas, so 
maintaining the existing equipment is 

The opposite is true in other loca- 
tions. Areas such as the Sun Belt have 
experienced a boom in industrialization 
in the last two decades and the number 
of new manufacturing facilities being 
built has increased dramatically. In these 
areas, millwrights play a major role by 
installing the equipment to make these 
new plants operational. 

Gaynor said, "And every once in a 
while, a really unusual job comes along. 
We do a lot of work with the Brookfield 
Zoo. They once asked us to build a 
crate for a giraffe they were shipping 
to another zoo. The only way was to 
literally build around the ani.mal while 
it stood there glowering at us." 

JANUARY, 1985 

In a typical mainte- 
iHince job. a Tafi 
cretr repairs a gear 
drive al Williamson 

Millwrights, 'Equipment Doctors,' cont'd 

"Another time, the zoo needed help 
with the removal ofan elephant's molar. 
Our crew chief used a 'come-along" to 
pull it out. He swore it weighed 200 
pounds. And we needed a sling and 
crane to get the beast back on its feet 
after the job." 

Broad Skills, Bright Future 

The versatility and broad range of 
skills possessed by millwrights give them 
a bright future. Adding to this promising 

outlook is expanded overall job respon- 

"One of the major changes is our 
emerging role as general contractor on 
a job," said Gaynor. "Equipment in- 
stallers, like Taft, are being asked to 
oversee the entire job. The trend in the 
industry is for one company to he re- 
sponsible for the operation." 

"It makes sense for millwrights to be 
totally responsible," he added. "They 
are the first ones on the job and usually 
the last ones to leave." 

"For example, when a customer asks 
to move a plant from one location to 
another, millwrights disconnect and 
dismantle the equipment, riggers put it 
on a truck and heavy haulers transport 
it to the new location. Once the equip- 
ment arrives, riggers unload it and mill- 
wrights complete theinstallation." 

More Sophistication 

The growing reliance on millwrights 
to oversee the entire job has closely 
allied them with other trades and in- 
creased their importance in the indus- 

As the machinery they deal with 
becomes more complex and demanding 
of precise installation and alignment, 
the future of the millwright becomes 
further brightened by their ability to 
use advanced technology. 

As factories move into the automated 
robotics area, which will further heighten 
the need for precision, millwrights can 
be increasingly expected to deal with 
computers and other similar high-tech- 
nology devices, along with all the del- 
icate supporting equipment those de- 
vices demand. 

Gaynor said, "The millwright trade 
has come a long way since the days of 
peg and wood chisel. We're now even 
looking into the possibility of integrat- 
ing laser technology in our measuring 
instruments ..." 

Future Jobs 

Continued from Page 14 

Co. Microbiologists and molecular bi- 
ologists will be needed for the new wave 
of drugs, and biochemical engineers will 
be sought for the specialty chemicals 
industry, he says. 

Even farmers will need help from 
biologists if ideas such as nonsynthetic 
pesticides bear fruit. 'T think there will 
be some great jobs for scientists in 
agriculture," Schneider says. 

Some futurists say the most exciting 
21st-century jobs will be out of this 
world. "There will be an abundance of 
jobs in space," says Carol Rosin, author 
of Space Careers, published this year. 
"Construction workers creating habi- 
tats for people, miners, geologists, 
farmers, engineers, educators. . ." 


Her co-author. Charles Sheffield, 
agrees. "Once the space station goes 
up, which will happen in this century, 
there will be scientists studying Earth 
phenomena from the vantage point of 
space," he says. Space's vacuum is the 
ideal environment for producing certain 

drugs, he says, and space's isolation 
will make it inviting to scientists doing 
risky research on genetic engineering. 

"Eventually the economics will re- 
verse, and it will be cheaper to make 
the things needed in space up there 
rather than on Earth. By 2050, they'll 
manufacture everything we now man- 
ufacture on Earth." 

The authors warn, however, that de- 
velopment space weapons would se- 
verely curtail job possibilities there. 

Large-scale employment in space is 
years away, says Jesco von Puttkamer, 
program manager for long-range plan- 
ning at the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration. 

"Space is not a vacation resort with 
pretty beaches to walk on," he says. 
"It needs a lot of technology to make 
it hospitable. Space is creating some 
jobs, but most will be done here on 

Nord Door 

Continued from Page 6 

Everett were on layoff. The non-union 
work crew was being paid at rates 
between $4.50 and $5 an hour for work 
that under contract should have been 
performed by union members. And to 

top it off, the union label was being put 
on products coming out of the non- 
union facility. 


The November arbitration award di- 
rected the company to pay back wages 
to all union members who were dis- 
placed by the transfer of work to the 
non-union facility. 

The E. A. Nord strike is not directly 
related to the Louisiana-Pacific Corp. 
strike, also involving the Western 
Council as well as Woodworkers. 

The preamble to the Nord strike was 
the hiring of the union-busting manage- 
ment team. The company attorney and 
chief negotiator, Fred Long, was the 
founder and head of the West Coast 
Industrial Relations Association, which 
has been the subject of congressional 
hearings on the role of management 

His contract "proposal," Local 1054 
reported, included wage reductions of 
up to 40%, elimination of bonus pay, 
dropping of four holidays, curtailment 
of pension and health-welfare benefits, 
and a dismantling of the seniority sys- 




. . . those members of our Brotherhood who, in recent weeks, have been named 
or elected to public offices, have won awards, or who have, in other ways "stood 
out from the crowd." This month, our editorial hat is off to the following: 

UBC Plus Ronald McDonald 
Equals Community Service 


UBC members are doing more for Ronald 
McDonald than buying his hamburgers. 
Thirty-eight members from Central Con- 
necticut Carpenters Local 24 recently as- 
sembled for "Sheelrock Saturday." donat- 
ing 230 work hours, unloading and hanging 
488 sheets of sheetrock for the Ronald 
McDonald House in New Haven. 

Twenty-one members of Local 621. Ban- 
gor-Brewer. Me., volunteered to construct 
playground equipment for the Ronald 
McDonald House in Bangor. The project 
was coordinated through the C-VOC Com- 
mittee, which has coordinated several small 

projects for the Ronald McDonald House in 
the past. 

The Ronald McDonald Houses are places 
where very young children can stay over- 
night with their parents either before an 
ongoing illness, for treatments as a hospital 
out-patient, and also for parents while the 
child is being hospitalized. The idea behind 
the Houses is that youngsters feel more 
secure and better able to cope with treatment 
or a hospital stay when their parents are 
close by. the Houses providing a residence 
for parents who might not otherwise be able 
to shoulder the financial burden. 

Members of the Central Connecticut local pose in front of the site oj the Inline 
Haven Ronald McDonald House. 


LEFT, ABOVE: Working on playground equipment at the Ronald McUoiudd House in 
Bangor. Me., are Business Rep Newell Porter. Royce Sposato. Wally Lockhart. Barry 
Lane, Dick Lihby. C-VOC Member Clark Wormell. Gleason Morrison. C-VOC Chairman 
Allyn Beecher, James Scanlon. and Stan Strout. RIGHT. ABOVE: Playground equip- 
ment at the Bangor Ronald McDonald House stands ready for the young guests. 

Demonstrating his championship form. 
Bob Uknalis, the Philadelphia carpenter 
who won the World Skeet Shooting Cham- 
pionship, takes a few practice shots. 

In July. 1984. the 47th Annual World Skeet 
Shooting Championships were held in San 
Antonio, Tex. When the 790 shooters, some 
of whom had traveled from Great Britian, 
Canada, Mexico, and Australia, had com- 
pleted the competition there were many 
medalists and prize winners, but one name 
stood out from the rest: Bob Uknalis. Uknalis. 
a 21-year old carpenter with Local 8 in 
Philadelphia. Penn.. won the High Over-all 
Championship. He didn't just win the HOA 
competition; he shot a perfect score of .^50 
targets, and then clinched the title in a 

This young carpenter has been involved 
with skeet shooting for seven years and has 
earned several championship titles. When 
shooting, he wears a mesh vest embroidered 
"Local 8 Carpenters Union" — his local and 
his most vocal supporters. 

Uknalis uses Winchester AA (.410 & 28) 
and Federal (20 & 12) ammunition. His gun 
is a Browning-Citori — tubed by Briley in the 
smaller gauges. He credits the gun's High- 
Post rib as a crucial element m his successes. 
"... I found I could see the birds so much 
easier, so much quicker. ... I became a 
'stand up' shooter immediately." he told 
reporters Brian and Greg Hendershot in an 
interview for SKEET magazine. 

The champion is quick to share his success 
with those who helped him along the way. 
Bob's dad. Henry, also a UBC member, 
receives his son's gratitude for his patience 
and coaching throughout the years, and what 
a payoff — a world champion son. 


Leah Beight, daughter of E. Los Angeles. 
Calif.. Member Kendall Gene Beight. has 
been named the recipient of a 1984 Solidarity 
Scholarship Program cash award, sponsored 
by Union Life Insurance Services, Inc.. Palo 
Alto. Calif. 

The Solidarity Scholarship Program hon- 
ors the historical contribution of the men 
and women of American labor to the causes 
of social justice and public education. 

Recipients of the scholarships are chosen 
by a panel of labor scholars, journalists, and 
labor leaders. Selection is based upon their 
scholastic achievement, student interests, 
and a written essay on the American trade 
union movement. Each recipient receives a 
$1,000.00 scholarship for one year of aca- 
demic pursuit at an accredited college or 
university of his or her choice. 

JANUARY, 1985 


loiHi union nEUis 

Hispanic UBC Delegates in Convention 

The UBC sent einht delegates to the 1984 Labor Council for Latin American Advance- 
ment Convention in Denver, Colo., this past August. The main topic at the convention 
was the importance of the Hispanic voice in politics, and how to encourage their support 
of labor candidates. Pictured are the Carpenter delegates: Frank Gurula. Ernest Gran- 
dara, Jose Collado, Gilbert Vigil, Lawrence Garduna, Marcos Griego, Johnny Suarez. 
and Manuel Robles with Representative Al Rodriguez, seated, center, and other hoard 

Wausau Carpenters 
Win Wacky Olympics 

Although the warm weather's gone, the 
whole town of Wausau. Wise, is still re- 
membering its citywide picnic, last summer. 
Said Roger Drayna. who helped publicize 
the picnic, "1 don't know of any city of this 
size that would have the audacity to have a 
citywide picnic." 

But Wausau did, and the event included 
Guest Speaker Art Linkletter. Mayor John 
Kannenberg accepting the All-American City 
award, and the Wacky Olympics, won by 
no other than Wausau Carpenters Local 460. 
The All-American City Award will hang near 
the Wausau Area Volunteer Exchange office 
in City Hall as a "silent symbol of people 
willing to work together." 

OT in Nova Scotia 

Operation Turnaround Task Force Repre- 
sentative Jim Tobin met recently with 
leaders of Local 1392, New Glasgow. 
Nova Scotia, to lay plans for an active OT 
program. Meeting with Tobin. front row, 
from left. Keith Graham and Clarence 
Waiters: back row. Joh Bennett, Laurie 
Marshall. Jim Pelerine, business repre- 
sentative, and Rav Hamilton. 

Monmouth County, N.J., Stewards Undergo Training at Red Banl< 

The Monmouth County Carpenters Local 2250 of Red Bank. 
N.J., recently completed its second construction steward train- 
ing program "Building Union," under the direction of Task 
Force Representative Robert Mergner and aided by James A. 
Kirk Jr.. business representative, and Charles E. Gorhan. finan- 
cial secretary and assistant business representative. 

The following members, shown above received their Certifi- 
cate of Completion, first row. from left: Business Rep. Kirk. 
Ronald Cruse, Louis Donato. Charles Grieco. James D. Pierce. 

Maurice Chicarello, Joseph Layland, Ronald Viel. Fred Fricke, 
President Andrew Ness, Eugene Sardoni. Charles Capro, Finan- 
cial Secretaiy Gorhan. and Task Force Rep. Mergner. Second 
row. from left: Arne Langenes. Andrew Noraas. Stephen Nolan, 
Paul Krosnicki. Frank Nicosia. Gordon Fisher. John Olexa, 
Jeffrey Clunie. Walter Frattin. and Gaiy Riker. Back row, from 
left: John Leach. William Ryan til, Donald W. Raab. Richard 
Gibson, Mark Schweitzer, Robert Patterson, Robert Mermini. 
and Kirhv Walls. 



Metal Trades Shipbuilders Meet 

-L'l - 


The AFL-CIO Metal Trades Department held its Third Biennial National Shipbuilding 
Conference in Washington, D.C.. November 14-16. 

United Brotherhood delegates attending the Conference are shown with the depart- 
ment president, Paul Burnsky. They included left to right: Saul S. Stein, Research and 
Education Director, Metal Trades Dept.: Stuart Taylor. Local 1068. Mare Island Naval 
Shipyard. Vallejo. Calif; Clarence E. Briggs, Secretary-Treasurer, Pacific Coast Metal 
Trades District Council: Roger Dawley, Local 1302, MTC of New London County, 
Groton, Conn.: Paul J. Burnsky. President, Metal Trades Dept.: Robert Burleigh, Local 
3073, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. Portsmouth, N.H.: Michael T. Fahey, Sr.. Local 6! I . 
Executive Secretary-Treasurer. Portland & Vicinity Metal Trades Council, Portland, 
Ore.: and Richard Heon, Int. Representative, Wash.. D.C. 

Residential Pact 
I ^ 

UBC Wins Vote 
At Vinton, Texas 

For the past eight months Local 1778, Co- 
lumbia, S.C.. has been erecting homes 
and apartments under a special residential 
agreement with Drake Construction Co, 
The program is part of Operation Turn- 
around and it is coordinated by F.R. Snow 
and the executive board of the local union. 

The pictures show a Local 1778 crew 
and one of the homes they are building. 

Instrumental in the winning vote were in- 
plant organizers, from left. Arny Martinez. 
Tino Galvez, and Art Del Rio with John 
Ruiz, Local 2218 business rep.: and Art 
Reyes, international representative . 

Although Vinton, Tex., is not generally 
considered a town favorable to unions, it 
has welcomed the UBC. On October 31. 
1984, the workers at Artcraft Panels, Inc. 
voted to allow the Carpenters to bring union 
representation and benefits to them. 

Vinton is a small town located near El 
Paso which sits on the Mexican border. Its 
proximity to avenues for illegal immigrant 
workers, the recent investigations of the 
Teamsters Local in the area, and the decer- 
tification of the Steelworkers at a Phelps 
Dodge copper refinery nearby combined to 
make the vote a real test for our union, a 
test we passed comfortably. Negotiations 
have been going smoothly, and progress is 
being made on a union contract. 

©Please... DON'T BUY"^ 





pet, pra meti^td$ 
metei: /earths m ff/^e 




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The Carpenters Legislative Improvement 
Committee needs vour continued support in 

Make a $10 membership contribution nowl 

■ i^^^—— ^^^^^^^^M— ■^^^^■■■iBi— 11 Ml I III III ~rr 

JANUARY, 1985 


Labor and management together 
at ArtCarved, from left, Ray 
Carr. vice president of manufac- 
turing: Roy Bockhorn, Local 
1751 business agent; Connie 
Cavazos, chief steward: and 
Joyce Lucas, personnel man- 

Local 1751 Members 
Produce Quality Rings 
At Texas Plant 

Eleven years ago, an Austin, Tex., 
ring factory called John Roberts, Inc., 
was organized by the UBC. Approxi- 
mately nine years ago, the factory was 
purchased by Lenox, Inc.: the name 
changed to ArtCarved Class Rings. 

Today ArtCarved is an innovative 
leader in designing, manufacturing, and 
marketing high school and college class 
rings, with nationwide recognition from 
students, colleges, and retail establish- 
ments as the company manufacturing 
the number one class ring on the market 
today. Between the manufacturing and 
support facilities in Austin, and the 
marketing and executive offices in New 
York City, the company employs 600 
employees. The rings are produced un- 
der union contract by members of Local 
1751 , Austin, Tex., and are sold with a 
full lifetime warranty. 

ArtCarved's goal is for "continued 
growth in the class ring market to be 
achieved by developing and utilizing 
new marketing strategies, new state-of- 
the-art manufacturing processes, ma- 
terials, and equipment: by building a 
dedicated 'team of employees' at all 
levels: and by our ability to make a 
quality product at a reasonable price."" 

Maggie Ray. standing, a 
long-time member working on 
special crew, trains Debbie 
Chagoya to do engraving. 

Member Louise Carmona in- 
volved in hand-emery work 
on the production line of the 
Austin. Tex., plant. 

Julio Torres, who helped or- 
ganize the company 11 years 
ago by serving as a commit- 
tee member, doing shank and 
top file work. 

Members get together for a 
meeting at the ArtCarved Class 
Ring factory in Austin, Te.x. The 
United Brotherhood has had a 
working agreement with the 
company management since 



Baltimore Carpenters 
Aid March of Dimes 

For the second year in a row, the March 
of Dimes Gourmet Gala fundraiser in Bal- 
timore, Md., was brought off with the help 
of Baltimore-area Carpenters. Twelve celeb- 
rity cook-off booths were prepared and as- 
sembled, with help from approximateFy 100 
apprentices and journeymen, totaling in ex- 
cess of 1 ,000 manhours of donated time. The 
booths put together this year will be used 
over and over for the foundations of deco- 
rated, electrically-wired kitchens used by 
celebrity cooks. Each celebnty's dish was 
duplicated by the caterer and served to 
fundraiser attendants; the booths and food 
judged, and prizes awarded. 

Carpenter locals involved were 101, 1354, 
and 544; material for the booths was partially 
donated by a local lumber yard. 

Steve Kordek, right, the 1974 fourth place 
international apprenticeship contest win- 
ner, devoted hours to coordinate and in- 
struct apprentices for the project. Journey- 
man Volunteer Dennis Beecy. left, reaches 
for some nails. 

Baltimore Orioles' Memorial Stadium 
Groundskeeper Pat Sanlarone prepares a 
dish in his booth, sponsored by Norwegian 
Caribbean Lines and designed by Morgan 
Truesdell Interior^:. 

Baltimore DC Sec- 
retary Bill Halbert, 
right, checks prog- 
ress on one of the 
booths in construc- 

Apprentice volun- 
teers transport 
flooring across the 
roundhouse of the 
B &0 Railroad 
Museum where the 
March of Dimes 
fundraiser was 

Hang It Up 


Clamp these heavy 
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the weight off your 
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shoulders. Made of 
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wide nylon. Adjust 
to fit all sizes. 


Try them for 15 days, if not completely 
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Red, White & Blue □ 

Please rush "HANG IT UP" suspenders at 
$16.95 each includes postage & handling. 
California residents add 6V2% sales tax 
(.910) "Canada residents please send U.S. 
equivalent, Money Orilers Only." 







Bank Americard/Visa n Master Charge n 
Card # 

Exp. Date. 

Phone # 

4806 Los Arboles Place, Fremont, CA 94536 
Please give street address for prompt delivery. 


Order ttie free 
Consumer Information Catalog to be on top 
of the latest government information on 
credit, tiealth, home, money matters, and 
much more. It lists more than 200 booklets, 
many free. So send for the Catalog now. 
You'll be head and shoulders above the 
crowd Write: 

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Ocpt. MR, Pueblo, Colorado 8 1 009 

U.S General Services Administration 


JANUARY, 1985 

nppREniitESHip & TRnininc 

PETS Mill-Cabinet Program Broadened 
Following Apprentice Training Survey 

The UBC Apprenticeship and Training 
Department recently conducted a survey of 
affihated joint apprenticeship committees 
across the United States and Canada and 
determined that what the mill-cahinet indus- 
try wants and needs is an updated and 
broadened training program which brings in 
new technology and skills. 

Using the PETS (Performance Evaluation 
Training System) which teaches step-by-step 
procedures through the use of audio tapes 
and 35 mm slides, the department then set 
about preparing new training materials. 

The PETS program for mill-cabinetry has 
actually been in development for several 
years. Approximately 35 carousel slide pres- 
entations are now available from The Gen- 
eral Office, covering the use of hand tools, 
machinery, and fixture work processes. Also 
available are shop drawings of tasks which 
go with the slide presentations. Although 
development is not complete in all areas of 
the mill-cabinet program, there is sufficient 
material for affiliate programs to effectively 
use what is available, according to Training 
Director James Tinkcom. Information on 
new slide presentations will be made avail- 
able to affiliates as each unit is completed. 

The UBC works in close cooperation with 
management organizations as it prepares 
PETS material. One of the mill-cabinet shops 
which has worked with the department. 
Cederquist Incorporated, is described on the 
opposite page. 

When a training unit is being prepared, 
a staff training representative goes to the 
subject plant or job site at a time agreed 
upon with management and works with the 
appropriate foreman in each area of work. 
In the case of Cederquist Incorporated, shown 

on the opposite page, the staff representa- 
tive-photographer went in after regular 
working hours, so as not to disrupt workday 
production schedules. Usually the UBC 
reimburses the host company for the general 
wage package, in agreement with the local 
union or council. 

Once all of the necessary photographs are 
taken, the drafting staff at the General Office 
supplements them with drawings which ex- 
plain components and procedures. 

The "Performance Evaluated Training 
System." is a pioneering program developed 
by the General Office several years ago. It 
is a modular system made up of approxi- 
mately 60 segments called "blocks." each 
of which represents a skill or work task 
currently being used in an industry. The 
mill-cabinet blocks are grouped into major 
sections under headings that correspond to 
the types of mill-cabinet shops. The headings 
are: residential cabinetry, fixturework. dis- 
play casework, refrigeration, sash and door, 
and production moldings. The resulting block 
system is called the PETS Gridwork. Spe- 
cific skills and work processes have been 
photographed in various shops, employing 
local members to perform the tasks most 
widely done in the industry today. These 
photographs, together with illustrative draw- 
ings, have been edited into slide presenta- 
tions showing step-by-step the layout, mill- 
ing, and assembly procedures of each work 

Using the P.E.T. System, an apprentice 
begins related training in the major area 
which corresponds to the type of shop in 
which he is working. He is assigned a block 
on the gridwork and given a project to build. 


Seven apprentices recently 
received their journeymen 
certificates from Local 90, 
Evansville. Ind. Pictured, 
from left, are Business Rep 
Donald G. Walker. Appren- 
tices Mark Titzer. N. Wayne 
Curry. Darryl Weis. Robert 
Schenk. Michael Paul, and 
President Sam Milts. Also 
graduating were Scott Sprin- 
ger and Geary Buchanan. 

Procedures for building the project are shown 
in a slide presentation which he is expected 
to watch and study. He begins to work on 
the project, referring back to the slides, as 
needed, for clarification of particular prob- 
lem areas. 

The instructor is available as a resource 
person to answer questions and check pro- 
cedures for accuracy as the project is being 
built. Upon completion, the project is eval- 
uated using a form available from the General 
Office. The evaluation establishes that he 
has reached the skill level required for that 
process. He is then given another project in 
the same area. Thus, each apprentice ad- 
vances at his own pace and works in the 
area of the gridwork which will help him to 
keep his job. When 809c of that area has 
been completed he will be required to work 
in the other areas until he has completed at 
least 52 of the blocks on the gridwork. 

The Carpenter 

Home to some is paradise. 

To others, just four walls. 

Some mothers slave to keep it nice. 

And others, not at all. 

A place for some to eat and sleep, 
A haven where some might kneel and weep. 
How many think of the man with the square — 
Of the carpenter man who put it there. 

The floor that you walk on. he laid it fair 
With a saw. a hammer and a small tri-square 
He fit the doors with a great big plane 
And hung the windows, pane by pane. 

He measured and figured out the stair. 
So you could run up them without a care 
The knobs on the doors he adjusted with 

For you to reach without trouble or strain. 

Have you ever thought of this man with the 

Who works in a world where figures are law. 
He talks of circles, of inches and feet. 
Everything that he does is careful and neat. 

From the depths of the cellar to the top of 

the dome. 
He put it together — he built it — your home. 



PETS Mill-Cabinet Skills Photographed 
at Cederquist Plant in California 

The new step-by-step PETS audio-visual training series on mill- 
cabinetry was photographed in one of the most modern mill-cabinet 
shops on the West Coast. 

The UBC Apprenticeship and Training Department solicited rec- 
ommendations for an appropriate photographic site for the series from 
various joint training committees, and many agreed that Cederquist 
Incorporated is an outstanding, union-label shop. 

Cederquist is located at Santa Fe Springs. Calif., near Los Angeles. 
Established in 1916 in Los Angeles, it is a family-owned business. 
Terry Cederquist, the current president, is the third generation head of 
the firm. Its products have borne the United Brotherhood's union label 
since 1939. 

The company was originally established as a manufacturer of drug 
store and other retail interiors under the name of Cederquist Showcase 
and Cabinet Co. During its earlier years, the company produced 
propellers for First World War airplanes and, subsequently, the first 
Douglas airplane, "The Cloudster." 

Over the past 69 years, Cederquist Incorporated has continued to 
design and construct interiors for the world of business, on schedule, 
within budget, working in all types of field conditions. Cederquist 
Incorporated takes particular pride in producing a quality product. 

From their modern facility in Santa Fe Springs, the company provides 
a broad scope of custom millwork, fixtures, cabinetry, booths, ban- 
quettes, architectural metalwork, glass, stone, and other decorative 
elements and components. It has the capability for engineering, milling, 
machining, assembly, finishing, upholstery, and staging, all under one 

Cederquist's involvement in the construction of new facilities, the 
expansion or remodeling of existing interiors includes millwork, seating 
and fixtures for clients that are local and international. 

Members of UBC Local 721 employed at the Cederquist plant work 
under the Master Store Fixture and Architectural Woodwork Agreement 
of Southern California, 

Cederquist Incorporated operates 
from a spacious plant, shoM'n at the 
top of the page. Local 721 members 
are preparing an addition for Beni- 
hana at the Las Vegas Hilton in the 
second photograph from the top at 
right. All other pictures show them 
manufacturing and installing fix- 
tures for the Bicycle Club, a Los 
Angeles recreation spot. The photo- 
graphs are by Apprenticeship and 
Training Photographer Dennis 

JANUARY, 1985 





AVE. NW, WASH., D.C. 20001 




Two men were painting a house. 
One was standing on a ladder. The 
other was on the ground. 

"Hey, up there," said the man on 
the ground to the man on the lad- 
der, "have you got a good grip on 
that brush?" 

"Yep," the man on the ladder 
hollered down. 

"O.K.," said the one below, "hold 
on tight. I need to borrow the ladder 
for a minute." 

— Steve Balazs 
Sterling, Va., 
in Boys' Life 



A sign posted in the parking lol 
of the Beulah Baptist Church in 
suburban Alexandria, Va., warns 
passing motorists: "Church Parking 
Only. Violators Will Be Baptized." 
— Harry Fleischman, 
, "Let's Be Human" 


Rob and Bob were at camp, and 
one night Rob sprayed his arms 
with bug repellent. 

The next morning, Rob said, "My 
watch isn't working." 

"Maybe," Bob replied, "you killed 
all the ticks." 

— Boys' Life 



Today, you can rent almost any- 
thing. There's rent a boat, rent a 
car, rent a house, rent a plane, rent 
a ladder, even rent a chimney 

The only thing that can't be rented 
are politicians. They still have to be 

— Graptiic Communicator 



Wife: "I'm bored. Take me some- 
where I've never been." 

Husband: "What do you say we 
go into the kitchen?" 



A four year old, very shy of soap 
and water, was putting up his usual 
series of arguments about why he 
shouldn't have to take a bath. 

"You want to be clean, don't you'f'" 
asked his mother as she half pulled 
him to the bathtub. 

"Yes", sobbed the tot. "But why 
can't you just dust me off like you 
do the furniture'?'" 

— Grapfiic Communicator 


There was a young man from 

Who said to himself New Year's 

"I've finally resolved 
To not get Involved 
In resolutions that simply don't 



"I'm afraid I've developed a ter- 
rible habit," the patient told his 
psychiatrist. "Wherever I am, I can't 
help talking to myself. Is there any- 
thing you can do for me?" 

"1 suppose there is," the psychi- 
athst replied. "But I should warn 
you it will be a long, slow, painful 
treatment, and very expensive as 
well. But suppose you do talk to 
yourself. Is that so bad?" 

"No, I guess it isn't," the patient 
agreed. "But I'm sucti a bore." 



A husband was sure his wife was 
being unfaithful. He contrived to 
trap her by calling their apartment 
one afternoon to say he wouldn't 
be home until midnight. 

Early that evening he came home 
and saw the dining-room table set 
for two. "Aha!" he shouted. "I've 
caught you!" He dashed from room 
to room, opening closets and over- 
turning furniture. Finally he ran to 
the balcony, looked down and saw 
a man leaving the apartment build- 
ing, straightening his tie. In a rage, 
the husband seized the refrigerator 
and hurled it over the balcony. It 
landed squarely on the man, crush- 
ing him to death. 

The scene now shifts to the Pearly 
Gates, where St. Peter is interview- 
ing two prospects. Asked what 
brought him here, the first replies 
that he was strolling out of a shop 
on the ground floor of a chic apart- 
ment house. He was adjusting his 
tie when a refrigerator fell on him, 
crushing him instantly. Touched, St. 
Peter grants him admission. 

The second candidate ap- 
proaches St. Peter and says, "I 
know you're not going to believe 
me, but there I was sitting in this 
refrigerator. ..." 

— Ed Somers, quoted by 
Gene Brown in Danbury, 
Conn., News-Times 



Consumer Quiz 

<> When can I cancel the sales contract? 

i> Can you buy your eyeglasses somewhere else? 

i> What can I do about my credit rating? 

The federal trade commission (FTC) in 
Washington receives many letters from con- 
sumers asking various questions about their 
rights under FTC-enforced laws and rules. 
Here are some of the most frequently asked 
questions. See how much yoi< know about 
your consumer rights. 

1. Your new washing machine spills water 
on the floor. The dealer's mechanics have 
repaired it several times under the war- 
ranty, but it still Is not working right. 
Your warranty runs out, and two weeks 
later it spills water again. Do you have 
to pay for the repairs now? 

No. If you complained about the prob- 
lem during the warranty period and it 
was not fixed properly, you are entitled 
to get it repaired. Your warranty rights 
do not run out for problems you com- 
plained about during the warranty pe- 

2. You are shopping for a new TV. Can you 
compare warranties before deciding which 
model to buy? 

Yes. The Magnuson-Moss Act requires 
sellers to make copies of warranties 
available for products that cost more 
than $15. Although the law does not 
require manufacturers or sellers to pro- 
vide warranties, if the product has a 
warranty, you must be allowed to read 
it before you buy. Different companies 
offer different warranties, so take ad- 
vantage of this opportunity to compare 
before you buy. 

3. The used car you bought less than one 
month ago developed transmission trou- 
ble. You consult your sales contract and 
discover you purchased the car "as is." 
What is "as is"? 

"As is" means that the seller makes no 
promises to fix the item later. If you 
want warranty protection, make sure 
the seller puts repair promises in writing. 

4. You decided to buy a new house. The 
only thing stopping you from signing the 
contract is the leaky roof, which the 
builder promises to repair after you move 
in. How can you make sure the repairs 
are done as promised? 

Make sure your warranty covers the 
leaky roof problem. If you do not have 
a warranty, have the roof repair written 
into the contract you will sign when you 
close on the house. 

5. Your credit card is stolen. Before you 
can report it to the card company, the 
thief charges $1,000 worth of goods on 
your card. What is the most you will have 
to pay? 

$50. If a credit card is lost or stolen and 
the card is used before you report it 
missing, the maximum you owe is $50. 
After you report the card missing, you 
are not liable for any purchases made 
by the unauthorized user. 

6. You lost your electronic fund transfer 
(EFT) card that lets you withdraw money 
using a teller machine. You report the 
card lost a week after discovering it was 
missing. How much money can you lose? 

$500. If your EFT card is lost or stolen, 
and you do not notify your bank within 
two business days after discovering it is 
missing, you may lose as much as $500. 
If you notify the bank within two busi- 
ness days, your liability is limited to 

7. A debt collection agency keeps calling you 
at home about a bill you owe. You want 
to pay the bill but you lost your job two 
months ago. Can you stop the collector 
from calling? 

Yes. If you write the debt collector a 
letter saying "stop bothering me." the 
collector must stop calling. However, 
this does not erase your debt; you still 
owe the money. 

8. There is a mistake on your monthly credit 
card bill. To correct the error should you 
write or call the company? 

Write a letter and use the special billing 
error address provided by the company. 
While a phone call may resolve the 
problem quickly, sending a letter is the 
only way to trigger your rights under 
the Fair Credit Billing Act, a federal law 
which requires the card issuer to correct 
billing errors or justify the charges. 

9. You just had your eyes examined. What 
should you do if you want to shop around 
and buy your glasses somewhere else? 

Ask the eye doctor for a copy of your 
prescription. An FTC rule requires eye 
doctors (ophthalmologists and optome- 
trists) to give patients their eyeglasses 
prescription after an examination at no 
extra charge. 

10. This morning a salesperson knocked on 
your door and sold you $200 worth of 

encyclopedias. Now you decide you do 
not want the books. Can you cancel the 
sales contract? 

Yes. You have three days to cancel 
most door-to-door transactions of $25 
or more. The seller is required to give 
you a cancellation form at the time of 
sale. Sign and mail it to the address 
given for cancellation any time before 
midnight of the third business day after 
the day of sale. 

11. Last night you visited a health spa and 
signed a membership contract. Do you 
have three days to cancel the contract? 

No. You usually do not get three days 
to cancel sales made at a merchant's 
regular place of business. However, a 
few state and local laws provide extra 
protection on some contracts like health 
spas. Check with your local consumer 
protection agency if you have questions. 

12. To help finance your new car, you need 
to take out a loan. What is the most 
important question to ask about financ- 

Ask for the Annual Percentage Rate. 
The rate charged for loans may vary 
significantly. The Annual Percentage Rate 
is a unit price for credit which takes into 
account all the finance costs of the loan. 
Use the Annual Percentage Rale to com- 
pare loans and shop around for the best 

13. You sent a mail-order company $20 for 
a new pair of shoes. Delivery was prom- 
ised in two weeks. Six weeks later you 
have not heard from the company, and 
your shoes have not arrived. Are you 
entitled to get your money back? 

Yes. The FTC's Mail Order Rule allows 
you to cancel most orders and get a 
complete refund if you did not get de- 
livery in the time period promised. 

14. You ordered some cookware using a credit 
card and an 800 telephone number. It is 
three months later and you never received 
your order. Can you use the FTC's Mail 
Order Rule to cancel your order and 
obtain a refund? 

No. Purchases made by telephone are 
not covered by the Mail Order Rule. 

15. You were recently divorced. Now you 
realize all your credit cards are in your 
ex-husband's name. How can you eslab- 

JANUARY, 1985 


lish your own credit rating by using your 
past credit history? 

Apply for credit in your own name and 
list the accounts you shared with your 
former husband. If the creditor has trou- 
ble verifying these references because 
they were listed only in your husband's 
name, offer to provide additional infor- 
mation that would confirm your partic- 
ipation in payment of those bills. This 
might include cancelled checks where 
your name would show that you either 
paid the bills or that you shared the 
account with your former husband. 

16. You were told your loan application was 
denied because your sources of income — 
social security and retirement benefits — 
were not acceptable to the lender. Is this 

Under the Equal Credit Opportunity 
Act, creditors cannot discriminate be- 
cause you receive public assistance in- 
come, such as social security. Creditors 
also must consider income from retire- 
ment benefits, as long as it is a consistent 
source of income. 

17. You want to insulate your home. Every- 
one tells you to shop for R-value, not 
inches, when buying insulation. What is 

The R-value measures the insulation 
material's ability to resist (the "R") the 
flow of heat from a warm room to the 
cold outside. The R-value you need 
depends on the climate, the type of 
heating fuel you use, and the part of the 
house you insulate. You can get more 
information on the R-value you need 
from your state energy office, your util- 
ity company, or the R-value fact sheet 
available wherever insulation is sold. 

18. Where can you get information about 
other consumer matters? 

Write to the Federal Trade Commission, 
Washington, D.C. 20580, or an FTC 
Regional Office near you. For a list of 
free publications available from the FTC, 
request a copy of the "Bestseller" list. 

Getting North America Back 

Continued from Page 2 

wage freezes and wage cuts accepted 
by workers during the Reagan reces- 
sion. Now labor asks that the reinvest- 
ment tax advantages given to big cor- 
porations be repealed, so that 
management bears its share of the na- 
tion's deficits ... or else, let's police 
these tax write offs, to make sure that 
management creates new jobs. 

Labor supports tax reform. It rec- 
ognizes the necessity of establishing a 
tight and honest defense budget, with- 
out jeopardizing the nation's security. 
It insists that vital social programs, like 
the Social Security System, remain in- 
tact. Deficits must be reduced so that 
wage earners are once again able to 
negotiate fair interest rates, buy homes, 
and live without personal deficits them- 


is need for an industrial policy in the 
United States, and to some extent in 
Canada, which will make domestic in- 
dustries competitive. Far too many in- 
dustrial plants are in disrepair or are 
not using the latest technology. Con- 
sequently, American and Canadian 
workers are losing out to foreign man- 
ufacturers or to overseas subsidiaries 
of North American-based multinational 
corporations. If North American cor- 
porations are to get tax writeoffs, the 
federal governments of both nations 
must make sure that these untaxed 
funds are actually plowed back into job- 
creating plant expansions and modern- 

PRODUCTIVITY— American work- 
ers produced in 1983 goods and services 
worth on the average $19.50 an hour in 
all private industry and $22.50 per hour 
in manufacturing alone. That's more 
than twice as much as each worker 
produced 35 years ago, measured in 
dollars corrected for inflation. And the 
United States still maintains its lead as 
the most productive nation in the world, 
although some nations are catching up 
because their productivity is growing 

In 1983, American workers were 7% 
more productive than workers in Ger- 
many, 39% higher than Japanese work- 
ers, and 45% higher than those in the 
United Kingdom, according to Labor 
Department figures on Gross Domestic 
Product per person employed. 

Productivity gains are an engine of 
progress and contribute to a higher 
standard of living for all Americans 
when the gains lead to higher wages 
and benefits rather than only to higher 
profits. And higher wages increase con- 
sumer purchasing power, which is es- 
sential to keep the economy growing 
and healthy. Of course, higher wages 
and benefits are necessary to raise living 
standards, and workers" gains are best 
achieved when employees have a union 
to represent them. Unions have also 
been shown to contribute substantially 
to higher productivity. 

Let's recognize the North American 
worker' s production skills for what they 
are: the answer to a healthy economy 
in the year's ahead. 






Picture No. 1— St. John, N.B. 

A gallery of pictures showing some of the senior members of the Broth- 
erhood who recently received pins for years of service in the union. 


Local 626 recently awarded service pins to 
members with 20 to 57 years of service to the 

Picture No. 1 shows 57-year member John 

Picture No. 2 shows 50-year members 
Milton Hinman, Joseph Pedicone Sr., 
Domonick Albano, and John Donofrlo. 

Picture No. 3 shows 35-year members, front 
row: Rupert Williams, Theodore Kolakowski, 
Everett Pierce, and Harold Dunfee. 

Back row: Robert Walker, Earl Ragan, 
Vincent Vari, Wilfred DuPhily, and John 

Picture No. 4 shows 35-year member Henry 

Picture No. 5 shows 30-year member 
Sabatino DiMauro, 

Picture No. 6 shows 30-year member Robert 

Picture No. 7 shows 20-year member 
Richard Toy Jr., and Alfred D. Dunfee. 

No. 1— Hartnett 

No. 4~Curlett 

Picture No. 2— St. Jofin 


Local 1386 members, formerly of Local 
2401, recently received service pins for 
longstanding years of membership with the 

Picture No. 1 shows, front row, from left: 
Bernard Dionne, 15 years: Allonzo LeBlanc, 20 
years: and Raymond Belliveau, 35 years. 

Back row, from left: Andre Cassie, 15 years; 
and John Gallant, 15 years. 

Picture No. 2 shows Allonzo Le Blanc, 20 
years, left, and Raymond Belliveau, 35 years. 

Picture No. 2— New Castle, Del. 

Point Pleasant, W.Va. 


Local 1159 President Joseph Hall, right, 
recently presented service pins to 30-year 
members Jack Hart, left, and 45-year member 
Luther Holley Center. 

Picture No. 7 — New Castle, Del. 

Grand Falls, 


Local 25'64 recently honored four members 
with longstanding service to the Brotherhood. 

Picture No. 1 shows 20-year members, from 
left: Albert E. Langdon and Francis Verge. 

Picture No. 2 shows retired trustees, f.'om 
left: Douglas Paul, 23 consecutive years as a 
trustee; and Lacie Humphries, 18 consecutivo 
years as a trustee. 

JANUARY, 1985 


Picture No. 1 — Memphis, Tenn. 

No. 2 — Murphy No. 6 — Downs 

Picture No. 3 — Memphis, Tenn. 


Local 345 recently held its annual pin 
presentation ceremony. 

Picture No. 1 shows 20-year members, from 
left: James L. Cook, J. W. Steen, and H. F. 

Picture No. 2 shows 20-year member R. C. 

Picture No. 3 shows twenty-five-year 
members, from left: William A. Agee and C. W. 

Picture No. 4 shows thirty-year members, 
from left: E. L. Bryant and 0. L. Burcham. 

Picture No. 5 shows thirty-five-year 
members, from left: J. D. Barlrow, G. L. 
Beggs, D. L. Linton, William L. Shaddix, D. E. 
Stanley, and L. E. Moore. 

Picture No. 6 shows 40-year member 0. H. 

Picture No. 7 shows 45-year members, from 
left: P. A. Bourne, A, G. Burns, Clinton 
Charlton. H. M. Kay, and L. Q. Ray. 

Picture No. 8 shows T. A. Jackson, financial 
secretary, and George Henegar, general 
representative, presenting a pin to Connie 
Jackson, secretary for Local No. 345, for twenty 
years of service to the local. 

The following members were eligible to 
receive pins but were not present for the 

Twenty-year members N. R. Beasley, A 0. 
Bell, J. C. Bilbro, T. N. Burlison, M. G. 
Hubbard, C. D. Kerley, J. R. Mc Gee, C. W. 
Osborn, J. K. Pickens, D. N. Prince, Donald C. 
Smith, Marion Snow, Paul K. Taylor, J. D. 
Vinson, and J. A. Wilson; twenty-five year 
members J. W. Atchison, J. C. Bell, R. E. 
Brooks, G. W. Brown, E. C. Coker, A. D. 
Daughtry, P. S. Doyle, K. W. Free, J. H. 
Grantham, and L. W. Hammer Jr.; R. E. 
Holman, C. D. Hudson, C. K. Jackson, T. B. 
Livingston, J. H. Ratliff, and L. G. Russum; 
thirty-year member William D. Hill; tiiirty-five- 
year members L. J. Annaratone, D. 0. Branch, 
J. R. Brown, K. W. Glenn, Ray Harness Jr., L. 
A. Howington Jr., Lester Moore, C. A. 
Ramsey, James E. Todd, Paul E. Todd, and W. 
K. Valentine Jr.; forty-year members F. R. Bly, 
C. L. Clark, L. E. Clark, and Zeb L. Shaddix; 
forty-live-year members Deward Anthony, A. F. 
Houston, and R, W. Howell; and fifty-year 
member Carl Tullos, 

Picture No. 1— Salem, Ore. 

Picture No. 2 — Salem, Ore. 

At a recent meeting of Local 1065 members 
with longstanding service were honored with 

Picture No. 1 shows, front row, from left: 
40-year members L.S. Shuford, and Joseph 
Kempt. Back row, from left: 20-year member 
Ted Jarnporl, 25-year member Paul Jellison, 
35-year members Leighton Holler, and Paul 

Picture No. 2 shows Business Rep. Calvin 
Miller and Marvin Hall, executive secretary of 
the Oregon State District Council, presenting 
Brother Eugene Crail with his 70-year 
membership pin. 

Picture No. 5 — Memphis, Tenn. 

Picture No. 7— Memphis, Tenn. 



Solvents May Be Hazardous To Your Health 

Are you exposed to solvents on the 
job? If you use glues, contact cements, 
paints, lacquers, thinners, or degreas- 
ers, there is a good chance you are. 
Solvents are by-products of oil. They 
are liquids used to dissolve other chem- 
icals. This ability to dissolve chemicals 
is one of the reasons solvents are also 
dangerous to work with. Solvents can 
dissolve the protective oils on our skin 
and cause skin rashes. Solvent vapors 
irritate the sensitive membranes in the 
eyes, nose, and throat. Solvents also 
can enter the bloodstream through the 
skin or through the lungs and cause 
more long-term damage . Once absorbed 
into the body, solvents head immedi- 
ately for the nervous system, including 
the brain. The immediate reactions to 
overexposure include: a drunken or 
"high" feeling, fatigue, nausea, stag- 
gered gait, dizziness, headaches, 
drowsiness, and dulled reactions. Sol- 
vents can also have psychological ef- 
fects producing moodiness, personality 
changes, and memory loss. These 
symptoms may sound familiar to any- 
one who has ever gotten drunk because 
alcohol is one type of solvent. In fact 
drinking alcohol and exposure to sol- 
vents add to the problems each creates 
by increasing the level of effects if you 
drink before, during, or after exposure. 

Some solvents also affect the periph- 
eral nervous system, the sensory nerves 
in our arms and legs. Exposure can 
result in temporary or permanent numb- 
ness or slowed reaction times. 

Solvents can also cause -long-term 
damage to the liver and kidneys. The 
liver is the organ of the body which 
detoxifies chemicals. The kidney is the 
organ that gets rid of toxic chemicals 
in the urine. When the amount of toxic 
chemicals gets too large, it can over- 
whelm the liver or kidney and cause 
damage. In general, solvents that are 
chlorinated (like chloroform and trich- 
loroethylene) are more dangerous to 
the liver and kidneys. 

Some solvents we know can cause 
cancer. Benzene, which used to be one 
of the most widely used solvents, can 
cause leukemia. Trichloroethylene 
(TCE), a degreaser, can cause liver 
cancer. Methylene chloride has re- 
cently been shown as a possible carci- 
nogen (cancer-causing substance) in rats. 
Carbon tetrachloride and chloroform 

can also cause cancer. Solvents like 
toluene and naphtha are often contam- 
inated with benzene and may also pres- 
ent a cancer risk. 

Solvents have also been identified as 
hazards to the reproductive system. 
Women exposed to ethylene glycols 
(trade name cellusolve) have a higher 
rate of miscarriages. 

Wood alcohol (methanol) can damage 
the optic nerve and cause blindness if 
swallowed accidently. 

Sometimes the body converts a sol- 
vent into a new toxin. Methylene chlo- 
ride gets converted to carbon monoxide 
which combines with blood to reduce 
its capacity to carry oxygen. This can 
be particularly dangerous for workers 
with anemia, heart disease, or those 
who smoke. Smokers already have a 
high level of carbon monoxide in their 
blood. Styrene, another solvent, gets 
converted by the body to styrene oxide 
which is suspected of causing cancer. 

Safety hazards also exist while using 
solvents. Solvents can be very flam- 
mable. Those with a low "flash point" 
can cause fires more easily. Welding or 
hot jobs should be done away from 
areas of solvent use. Explosions can 
occur if solvent vapors drift near igni- 
tion sources. Gasoline and kerosene are 
examples of flammable solvents. Safer 
solvents have a low "vapor pressure" 
(don't give off vapors easily) and a high 
"flash point" (need high temperatures 
to ignite). Because solvents can cause 
drowsiness, fatigue, and other neuro- 
logical problems, workers using sol- 
vents may be more prone to accidents. 


Overexposures to solvents can be 
prevented. For many uses, water-based 
glues and paints can be used instead of 
solvent-based ones. Safer solvents, ones 
that don't cause cancer and have a low 
vapor pressure and high flash point, can 
be substituted for more hazardous ones. 
Solvent exposure can be reduced through 
the use of airless spray guns which 
produce less overspray, better venti- 
lation (such as spray booths or local 
exhaust), and protective clothing (gloves 
and organic vapor respirators) to pre- 
vent skin rashes or breathing fumes. 
Good work practices are important. 
Don't wash your hands in a bucket of 
solvent, for example. This can cause 
skin rashes and the solvent may be 
absorbed through the skin. Safety gog- 
gles and eye washes should be available 
in case solvents get splashed in the 

Solvents can be used safely. Watch 
out for the signs of solvent poisoning 
(irritation, "high" feeling, etc.) and 
look for ways to reduce exposure. Han- 
dle solvents with care and your solvent 
problems may be solved. 

Is This One Dangerous? 

To find out if the solvent you use is 
hazardous, get the composition of the 
solvent from the label, the manufac- 
turer, or your employer. Many states 
and localities have "right-to-know" laws 
requiring access to Material Safety Data 
Sheets (MSDS) which give the com- 
position of solvents and describe po- 
tential hazards. Once you find out which 
solvents are being used, you can ask 
the UBC Safety and Health Department 
for information on their toxic effects 
and on safe exposure levels. Has the 
employer taken any air tests for expo- 
sure levels? If so, you have a right to 
that information under OSHA's "Ac- 
cess to Medical and Monitoring Rec- 
ords" standard (1910.20). 

Many people believe that if it can be 
smelled, then the levels are too high. 
This is true for the more dangerous 
solvents (such as benzene and TCE) 
which can cause cancer. Many other 
solvents, however, can be smelled at 
levels far below their legal exposure 
limits and well below what are consid- 
ered safe levels. Smelling those sohents 

Continued on Page 34 

JANUARY, 1985 


does not necessarily mean the level is 
dangerously high. Also there is signifi- 
cant variability in how well individuals 
can detect odors and generally we ac- 
climate or get used to odors so we can't 
smell them as well. 

A better guide to overexposure is 
whether people working with it are 
having health problems. Are the vapors 
irritating their eyes, nose, or throats? 
Are they getting skin rashes? Experi- 
encing headaches, dizziness, etc.? These 
short term effects are a good indicator 
that levels are too high and need to be 

To be certain, tests can be taken to 
measure actual levels in the air. Simple 
sampling devices called ' 'detector tubes" 
can be used to get a quick and rough 
estimate of actual exposure levels. De- 
tector tubes cost only a few dollars 
each and take 5-10 minutes to use. 
They suck a small sample of air into a 
glass tube containing a chemical re- 
agent. The amount of the chemical that 
changes color is a good indicator of the 
concentration of solvent in the air. 

For more information contact: 

Joseph L. Durst Jr., Occupational 
Safety and Health, United Brotherhood 
of Carpenters & Joiners of America, 
101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Wash- 
ington, D.C. 20001. 

AFL-CIO Presents Charter 
To National Hospital Union 

The 60,000-member National Union 
of Hospital and Health Care Employees 
recently received a charter from AFL- 
CIO President Lane Kirkland and be- 
came the 96th affiliate in the House of 

Hospital Union President Henry Ni- 
cholas accepted the charter at the AFL- 
CIO Headquarters in Washington and 
said the job of his union is "to organize 
the unorganized" and help them win 
better salaries and working conditions. 
This, he added, would result in im- 
proved patient care. 

The Hospital Union had been a di- 
vision of the Retail, Wholesale and 
Dept. Store Union. To resolve internal 
differences. District 1 199 and its 50,000 
members in the New York City area 
remained with RWDSU and the parent 

union last May supported the National 
Hospital Union's application for a sep- 
arate charter. 

The National Hospital Union's mem- 
bers are spread through 22 states. It is 
currently organizing in Atlanta and South 
Carolina, Nicholas said. 

The Hospital Union includes psy- 
chologists and nurses, social workers, 
therapists, lab technicians, medical 
school staff, orderlies, dietary workers, 
kitchen staff, maintenance workers, 
nursing home staffs, and telephone op- 
erators. It is about 70% female. 

The small union is aiming at a big 
target — the 6 million workers in the 
health care industry. Other unions also 
are actively organizing health care 
workers, however, and Nicholas said 
the Hospital Union would try to become 
involved in joint organizing campaigns. 

This materiai was produced under grant number E9F4D176 
from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 
U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect 
the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, 
nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, 
or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Govern- 

Economic Recovery? 

Continued from Page 9 

ual's eligibility for unemployment in- 
surance benefits. 

This philosophy is, unfortunately, 
echoed in the United States. The real 
unemployment situation in the U.S. was 
described as "a profound economic and 
moral crisis" by the Catholic, Jewish, 
and Protestant leaders at the news con- 

"The division between extremes is 
growing wider. This is morally unac- 
ceptable," said Bishop John A. Ricard 
of the Catholic Archdiocese of Balti- 
more. "Unless we reach out to our 
unemployed brothers and sisters, we 
will be unable to stand as a nation," 
Ricard added. 

Rabbi David Saperstein of the Union 
of American Hebrew Congregations' 
Religious Action Center called the un- 
employment rate "a crime, an assault 
and battery on the bodies, the dignity 
and lives of all those who continue to 
be deprived of the opportunity to pro- 
vide for themselves and their families." 

Saperstein rapped those who "over- 
look the enormous impact of unem- 
ployment on such social indicators as 
health problems and crime. They ignore 
the human suffering and dislocation. 
They forget that structural unemploy- 
ment constructs high barriers to our 
potential output and productivity, that 
every percentage point in the unem- 
ployment rate costs the federal govern- 

ment as much as $20 billion in transfer 
payments and lost revenue." 

The Reagan Administration, Saper- 
stein continued, "promised that, through 
stimulation of the economy, it would 
provide a job for all those who wished 
to work. 'Vet in the aching abyss be- 
tween the promise and reality lie the 
shattered lives of millions of Ameri- 
cans: the lost legion of minority youth, 
out of jobs, out of school, out of hope, 
filled with anger and despair; the stym- 
ied victims of racism and sexism: the 
millions whose job skills have been left 
behind by technological change. All of 
these are in danger of being recycled 
into a permanent underclass; they make 
a mockery of our pretensions of fairness 
and justice." 

Bishop John A. Burt, chairman of 
the Urban Bishops of the Episcopal 
Church, said even the official jobless 
rate, although an improvement over the 
double-digit recession level, is "a scan- 
dal" compared to what "we believed 
to be tolerable levels of unemployment 
just a few years back." 

"The irony is that this nation could 
have full employment without inflation 
were she to muster the will to do it," 
Burt said. 

To move the nation toward full em- 
ployment, the coalition urged the new 
99th Congress to enact emergency jobs 
legislation, including the Community 
Renewal Employment Act, the Youth 
Incentive Employment Act, the Amer- 
ican Conservation Corps, plant closing 
legislation, and the Industrial Compet- 
itiveness Act. 




A periodic report on the activities 
of UBC Retiree Clubs and the com- 
ings and goings of individual retirees. 

Elderly Fare 
Well In Alaska 

We all have to get old, but Alaska may 
be the best place for that condition, accord- 
ing to Labor Columnist Harry Fleischman. 
For instance, people over 65 pay no taxes 
on their homes. They send the tax bill to 
the Alaska Office of Community and Re- 
gional Affairs, which pays the local govern- 
ments. This costs the state about $2 million 
a year. 

Drivers' licenses, vehicle license plates, 
fishing licenses, and the state's extensive 
ferry system are all free to Alaskans over 
65. The legislature voted a $250 a month 
bonus for all residents over 65 who have 
lived in the state for one year. 

Another dividend goes to all residents, 
including those over 65. Checks for all res- 
idents were $386.15 this year, financed by 
the earnings of the Alaska Permanent Fund, 
which receives 25% of the state's oil royalty. 
The multi-billion dollar fund now earns about 
$2 million a day. 

Chicago Poll Shows 
Social Security Stand 

One lesson the Republicans learned from 
the election campaign — and learned the hard 
way — is that Americans will not tolerate the 
wrecking of Social Security. The conserva- 
tive pro-Reagan Chicago Tribune ran a pub- 
lic opinion poll which asked, "Would you 
favor spending less on Social Security to 
reduce the deficit?" The results stunned the 
reactionaries. Seventy-five percent of the 
voters 55 and older voted, "No." Seventy 
percent of the voters between 35-54 voted, 
"No." And — here was the surprise — voters 
aged 18 to 34 — by a margin of 73% — voted 
to reject the idea. 

Three More Clubs 
Are Chartered 

The number of chartered UBC Retirees 
Clubs continues to grow. Three more have 
been issued charters during the past month. 
They include: Charter No. 41, Local 1471, 
Jackson, Miss.; No. 42, Local 1445. Topeka, 
Kans.; and No. 43, Local 454, Philadelphia, 

Social Security Recipients To Get 
3.5% Benefits Increase Tiiis IVIonth 

The National Council of Senior Citizens 
(NCSC) reminds recipients of Social Secu- 
rity that they can expect a 3.5% cost-of- 
living adjustment (COLA) to be included in 
all benefit checks beginning in January, 1985. 
The average monthly benefit for a retired 
couple will go up from $750 to $776 a month. 
The average retired worker living alone, now 
receiving $434 a month, will receive $449. 
The average aged widow, now getting $401, 
will get $415. 

The announcement of the increase, made 
by the Social Security Administration (SSA) 
on October 23, came shortly after the U.S. 
House of Representatives had voted 417 to 

4 to allow a one-time waiver of the require- 
ment that the Consumer Price Index for 
urban wage earners and clerical workers 
must rise 3% or more from the third quarter 
of the next year in order for any cost-of- 
living adjustment to take effect. 

The House bill also directs the SSA to 
report to Congress by next September on 
the feasibility of eliminating the requirement 
so that there would be an annual increase in 
benefits proportional to the increase in infla- 
tion, whatever it might be. Earlier the Senate 
passed a similar measure and President Ron- 
ald Reagan is expected to sign the final 
legislation into law. 

Senior Citizens 
Consider Low-Cost 
Florida Condos 

A retirement home in the Florida sun is 
now an affordable reality for growing num- 
bers of senior citizens. 

Thanks to the efforts of the National 
Council ofSenior Citizens (NCSC), spacious 
two-bedroom, two-bath homes at Centre 
Court Condominiums in Fort Myers, Flor- 
ida, are being offered to middle-income sen- 
ior citizens — those whose incomes don't 
qualify them for low-income housing but 
who can't afford the large down payments 
or high interest rates required for most 
retirement homes in the sun. 

Units in the well-constructed, well-main- 
tained complex are currently being sold for 
as little as $59,000 — a price which, thanks 
to the Council's status as a non-profit or- 
ganization, is $8,000-$IO,000 less than the 
original developer was able to sell them for 
a year ago. 

NCSC, headquartered in Washington, 
D.C., is the nation's leading advocacy group 
of and for elderly Americans. Established in 
1961 in the fight for enactment of Medicare, 
NCSC today claims some four million mem- 
bers in over 4,500 senior citizens clubs 
affiliated nationwide. 

In response to a 1974 moratorium on senior 
citizen housing, imposed by the Nixon 
Administration, the National Council suc- 
cessfully led the struggle to reinstate the 
Section 202 program. Section 202 is a federal 
program which provides direct loans to non- 
profit organizations for the development of 
housing specifically designed for senior cit- 
izens. In 1978, NCSC created an affiliate 
organization — the NCSC Housing Manage- 
ment Corporation — to develop, maintain, 
and manage secure, quality housing com- 
munities for the elderly and handicapped. 
Today, NCSC manages some 24 such facil- 
ities nationwide, and owns or co-owns 16 of 
these buildings, making it one of the largest 
single sponsors in the country of Section 
202/8 housing projects. 

The five-level, 99-unit Centre Court Com- 
Continued on Page 38 

Retirees Build 
School Bus Shelter 

Retiree Norman Pyle. Local 742. Deca- 
tur. III., finds retirement "a very reward- 
ing period," a time to "implement projects 
that have been on the back burner much 
too long." 

Above is just such a project. Designed 
and bidlt by Pyle in his home shop, the 
gazebo serves as a school bus shelter for 
Pvle's two grandchildren and a "photog- 
raphy prop for my photographer son.' ' 
Pyle used a band saw to cut out the struc- 
ture, copying the detailed scroll and fret- 
work from a millwork book. The builder, 
above right, was ' aided, supported, and 
encouraged" by two retiree friends, Stan 
Sodko, left, a 41-year member of the 
Brotherhood, Local 742. and Dan Ducy, 
center, a 47-year member. Local 742. Pyle 
luis been with the UBC for 33 years. 

JANUARY, 1985 



hard work 

Take Vaughan "999" Rip Hammers, for example. 

Originated by Vaughan, these 
pro-quality ripping hammers are 
available in 6 head weights and 4 
handle materials. The extra steel 
behind the striking face, deep 
throat, smoothly-swept claws. 

and full polish identify a hammer that 
looksias good as it feels to use. 

We make more than a hundred 
different kinds and styles of striking 
tools, each crafted to make hard 
work easier. 

1^— <P' goggles when using VAUGHAN & BUSHNELL MFG CO. 

^r^'--»-- staking tools- ^^^^^ ^gplg ^^g Hebron. IL 60034 

For people who take pride in their work to be proud oj 

Readers liked our bacli cover of the March CARPENTER. "A Lot of 
Things Can Go Wrong On A Construction Job," so much, we've had it 
reprinted and blown-up — in blacic and while on 10" x ]3" gloss paper. If 
you'd like a reproduction, send $1 .00 and your name and address to 
CARPENTER. 101 Constitution Ave., N.W.. Washington. D.C. 20001. 


Unfair L-P Brand Names include: L-P Wolmanized; Cedartone: Wafer- 
wood; Fibrepine; Oro-Bord, Redex; Sidex; Ketchikan; Pabco; Xonolite; L-P- 
X; L-P Forester; L-P Home Centers. 


Alice Perkins 
At Christmas 

Alice Perkins, age 9. the major beneficiary, 
thus far. of Carpenters Helping Hands, tlie 
UBC's charitable arm. will enjoy Christmas, 
this year, with her adoptive family. 

Thelma Perkins, wife of Local 50 member 
Ray Perkins, tells us that the family will 
gather for the holidays at another daughter's 
home in Dolton. Ala., and that Alice will be 
out of school and with the family until 
January 7. 

Alice Perkins, as many of our readers will 
remember, is the little girl bom without a 
face in 1975 at the University of Tennessee 
Memorial Research Center in Knoxville, 
Tenn.. where Thelma Perkins worked as a 
practical nurse. When Alice's natural mother 
was unable to care for her. Ray and Thelma 
Perkins offered to take on the responsibility 
and eventually took legal steps to adopt her. 

In the ensuing years, with the skilled help 
of Dr. John Lynch, director of plastic surgery 
at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in 
Nashville, Tenn.. and the financial assist- 
ance of the United Brotherhood, the Perkins 
have been able to offer as normal and loving 
a life as possible to the little girl. 

Doctor Lynch's peiiodic plastic surgery 
has created the semblance of a nose and a 
mouth for the little girl. She is talking, and 
she is understood. 

On December 1 1 Alice returned to 'Van- 
derbilt Hospital for "spacers," a preliminary 
Continued on Page 38 

Ray and Thebna Perkins with their foster 
child. Alice, outside a Tennessee hospital. 



The following list of 761 deceased members and spouses represents 
a total of $1,350,784.57 death claims paid in October. 1984; (s) 
following name indicates spouse of members 

Local Union. Cin 

1 Chicago. IL — Bertil A, Anderson. Ralph J. Kollars. 124 

2 Cincinnati, OH— Arnold Sieinert. Jonathan E. Bran- 131 
ham. Manha Milihaugh (s). 

3 Wheeling, \VV — Francis Cochran, James L. Markle. 132 

4 Davenport. lA— Donald Dose. Leo Kramer. 133 

5 St. Louis. MO— L. Theodore Wehde. 135 

6 Hudson County, NJ— Eugene Bianchi. 141 

7 Minneapolis, MN — Carl Leonard OKon. Dave Rez- 142 
nick. Harry Jacobsen. Harry Pearson. Lucille A. 

Worm (s). Ray Primmer. Theodore H, Johnson, 146 

Walter Fvlen. 162 

8 Philadelphia. PA— Francis Alfred Short. 165 

10 Chicago. IL — Robert Daniels. William F. Frazer. 166 

11 Cleveland, OH— Anthony Treccise. Benny Belfiore. 171 
Forrest Maclaren. George Taras. Karl Kase. 174 

12 Syracuse, NY — Floyd Warner, James Graziano. 180 
Thomas E. Hill. Thomas Garni. Wallace E. Miner, 
William Qumlivan. 181 

13 Chicago. 11^— Angeline Tierney (s). Carl Bubla. Os- 182 
car Samuelson. Paul Lengvel. 

14 San Anlonio. TX— Roben C. Liverett 183 

15 Hackensack. NJ — August Tonison. Elizabeth Nurmi 

(s). Giovanni Marino. 185 

17 Bronx, NY — Albert Naeris, Angela Losso is), An- 
thony A. Conte. Aurelio Olivier. Louis Schumack. 186 
Paul Muxfeld. Sankev Algot Nelson. 

18 Hamilton. Ontario, CAN— Andrew Kuyntjes. 188 

19 Detroit, Ml— Alexander Duncan MacDonald. Ed- 195 
wina Parsons Vanpatten (si. 198 

20 New York. NY — Carl Olson. George Bauer. 

22 San Francisco. CA — Dewev Jones. Joseph F. John- 
son. William T- Murphv. 199 

23 Williamsport. P.\— William B. Hadden. 200 

24 Central. CT— Arthur Hollman. Marv Dorval (s). 

25 Los .Angeles, CA — Vernon C. Jones. 202 

26 East Detroit. MI— Marguente E. Eison is). Ray T. 211 
Kincannon. Walter Plizga, 213 

27 Toronto. Ontario. CAN.— Vito Galati 
30 New London, CT— Herbert Airey. 

34 Oakland. CA — Earl S. Prior, Julian R. Lawhorn. 

Ronald D. Scheiblv, 215 

36 Oakland. CA— Dewiti Malvo. Sydney Carnine. 218 

40 Boston. MA— Francis A. Kellev, Harold E. Rickard, 

Sherry F, Banks. 232 

41 Woburn, MA— Albert L. Whynot. Harry N. Ander- 246 
son. Joseph C. Fallo. 

43 Hartford, CT— John P. Mclnnis. 247 
47 St. Louis, MO— Caroline H. Braun (si. Henry J. 

Venneman. John B. Marco, 250 
50 Knoxville. TN— Ray M. Ladd. 

54 Chicago. IL — Johnnie E, Skopik. 254 

55 Denver. C(3— Carl J. Dehn. Frank Bogner. Ruben 
Landenberger. Theron B- Stark. 255 

58 Chicago. IL — Michael Surges. Peler Marcussen. 

William L. Wahneiah. 257 

60 Indianapolis, IN — Manford W. Curtis, Orval Hoo- 
ver. 258 

61 Kansas City, MO — George E. Raines, Ingeborg Ols- 259 
son isi. Louis F. Springstube. Paul M. Wooster. 261 
William D. Rowland. 262 

62 Chicago, IL — Arthur J. Anderson. Edna Martha 

Bruce (s). William Lavoie. 265 

65 Perth Amboy. NJ— .^dolf Kuncewicz. 268 

67 Boston. M.A— James E. McKenna. June izetta LagufT 269 

is). 275 

69 Canton, OH— Edward Kantorik. Robert H, Beaule, 283 

73 St. Louis, MO— Evelyn K. Cremer (s), George V. 286 
Nothstine. 287 

74 Chattanooga, TN— Callie Jane Hardv is). John R 296 
Clay. Louise McAllister is), 297 

76 Hazelton, P.\— Albert B. Reager. John F Morgan 304 

78 Trov. NY— Marv Olchowv (s). William Hams 316 

80 Chicago. Il^-Harry Wubs. Raymond R, Smith. 

Sianlev Supergan. 323 

85 Rochester. NY— Cuyler T. Nye. Earl T. Jones. Earl 324 

W. Ogden, Howard E. Maker. John W. Schrader 332 

Sr. Larry Rendel. R.D. Mark Wilev, 335 

87 St. Paul. MN— Alfred Engebretson. August T. Hu- 337 

dalla. Edward W, Dietz, Fred J- Hegman, George 344 

Honerbrink. Mane V. Piizl is), Robert Steele. 345 

89 Mobile. AL— Theodore R, Prine, 

91 Racine. WJ— James Peil. 348 

94 Providence, RI — Aianasio Grasso. Beatrice Amelia 
Mancini (si. Evelyn Teresa Ethier is). Jules Mar- 359 
anda. Mary Favaro Is), Maurice Briere. Thomas 
Tucciarone. Vernard Murphy. 361 

95 Detroit, MI— Aleksander Wynarczyk. Pete E, 362 
Dempsey, Sigurd A. Rasmussen. 379 

98 Spokane. WA — Arthur Stewart. James L. Lynch, 384 

Marv Evelvn Kuderis). 387 

101 Baltimore, MD— Howard W. Helmrich. John C, 388 
Bnlhari. William H. Buschman. 

102 Oakland. CA— Joel R Thacker. 393 

103 Birmingham, AL — Alfonso L. Bearden. John R 

Gould. R- A. Farlow, 398 

104 Dayton, OH— Helen Leola Weidel (s). Homer Dear- 400 
dofff. 4tl2 

105 Cleveland. OH — Joe Farinacci. John Nemeih. Leo 403 
S. Coppolino. 404 

108 Springfield. MA— Charles J. Chmura. Edmond Dee. 410 
Joseph A Charpentier. 415 

109 Sheffield. Al^Charlie demons. 430 
111 Lawrence. MA — Kenneth W, Langmaid 

113 Middlelown. Oh — James J. Johnson. Matthew F, 433 

Broun. 434 

117 Albany. NY— James R. Guest. 437 
121 \ineland, NJ — Jeanne M, Evers is). 

Passaic. NJ— William J. Paese. 
Seattle, W.\— Claude A. Boyce. Homer .A. Belt. 
John F Watlin. 

Washington. DC— Robert E. Jones. William B. Tester. 
Terre Haute. IN— Collette J. Wallace. 
New York. NY — Jonah Grodner. 
Chicago. H.^ — Lucjan Tokarski. 
Pittsburgh. PA — Nelson Lynch. Stephen A. Ruda 

Schenectady. NY — Joseph Griebel. 
San Mateo. CA — Eugene L, Russell. 
Pittsburg, P.\ — Anthony J. Clemente. 
Rock Island. IL— Maurice Tollenaer. 
\oungslown. OH — Chris Perri. John Mikita. 
Joliet. Il^-James C, Gordon. 

Vallejo. CA— Bernard R. Albers. Robert L, Ander- 

Chicago. IL — Jennetia A. Banach is). 
Cleveland, OH — Cyril Franetic. John T. Seslokas, 
Joseph Mickun. 

Peoria, IL — Charles E, Defoe. Edward A, Tucker. 
Warren H. Crowe. Willis Replogle. 
St. Louis. MI — Charley Neil Shipp. Eldon Travis. 
Oscar E, Ernst. 

Steubenvjlle, OH— Henry Minear. Lawrence J, Pau- 

Yonkers, NY — Lawrence Savjano. 
Peru. IL — Frank E. Gramer. Henrv Tomsha. 
Dallas. TX— Aubrey N. Nelson. Dock E. Allen. 
Eduin C. Pinner. Glenn C. Farmer. Ralph Brewer. 
William D. Cheek. 
Chicago. IL — Emil Digiacomo. 
Columbus. OH— Harry E. Curtis. Howard N. Mat- 
to x. 

Gulfport. MS — Henr> O. Hulsey. 
Pittsburgh. P.A- Marie Lausch (si. 
Houston, T\— CImlie A. Waggoner. Doroth\ L 
McGrew (s). Dovie O, Javroe. John B. Yawn Jr , 
L, P. Crossland.Lee T Gilbejrt. Thomas T. Kal- 
lenbach. William E. Dougherty. 
Lafavette, IN— Arthur Powell- 
Boston. MA— Albert O, Deneauli. Murry E, Went- 
zcl. William A. McKenzie. 
Fort Wayne. IN — Naomi Brandeberry is). 
Neew York, NY — Adolph Goebeler. Harry Feder. 
Thomas Palermo. 

Portland, OR— Donald Resler. Katherine Car is). 
Margaret Irene Erickson is), William A. Dayton, 
Lake Forest, IL — Davton O. Griffith. Howard J. 

Cleveland. OH — Edmund J, Bowles Jr. Joseph Mar- 
tin i" ranee. 

Bloomingburg, NY— John J, Jockers. John Stephen 
Brundagc. Pearl Lillian Brundage (s). 
New York, NY— Arne Aho is). Frank Riescher. 
Joaqum Garcia. Michael Vigliotli. 
Oneonta, NY — Charles Shaver. Frederick Jacobsen 
Jackson. TN— William L Pnddy, 
Scranton. P.A,- Clarence Williams- 
San Jose, CA— Deloy Thompson, Ray J. Vierra. 
Salvador A. Tomasello. 
Saugerties. N^' — Harr> Hill- 
Sharon, PA — David Guy Gray 
Danville. IL — Herman L. Linne. 
Newton. MA — Amelio Juliano. John J. Pendergast, 
.\ugus(a. G.A — Hubert M. Montgomery. 
Great Falls, MT— Walter Spragg, 
Harrisburg. PA— Roy Guildoo Jr.. Russel L, Hower. 
Br(M>klyn, N^— Jacob Salvesen. Samuel Pearlberg. 
Kalamazoo. MI — Ford H>att. 
Denison, TX — Ben F. Carlson. 
San Jose, CA — Arthur Thiessen. Jack Majors. Law- 
rence Heidrick. Rogelio Martinez. 
Beacon, N^' — Francis Russo. 
Waco, TX — Howard Day. 
Bogalusa. LA— Jasper B. Little. 
Grand Rapids. MI— Joseph E. Drier Jr. 
Detroit. MI— Clara Catherine Beers (si. Leo Gagne 
Waukesha. Wl— Walter Yuds. 
Memphis, TN— Eileen F Buntin (si. Helen V, Mc- 
Adoo. Melba Landers isl. 

New York, NY— John Duwel. Richard Jakel. William 
Rufus Cadogan, 

Philadelphia, P.\— Arthur L. Mitchell. Stephen G, 
Bee hie I, 

Duluth. MN— Einar D. Hartmark. 
Pueblo, CO— Lillian Juaniia Hewitt (s). 
Texarkana. TX — Earl Bennett. 
Ashville. NC— Thomas E. Parris. 
Columbus, MS— Elmo C Moffetl. 
Richmond, VA— Andrew H, Smith. Erby L- Jeter, 
Henrv M. Shelton. William C- Taylor. 
Camden, NJ— Burton Roger. George F- Wolfe. Rob- 
ert L Penven. Samuel Euan. 
Lewiston, ID— Clifford Okelley. 
Omaha. NE— Sianlev Skorniak, Steve P. Bojanski. 
Northampton-Greenfield. MA— William Perrauli. 
Alexandria. L.\— Ferdinand Koenig 
Lake Countv, OH— Walter Knerem, 
Ft. Madison & Vic, lA— Henr> Eugene Robertson. 
Cincinnati, OH— Alexander Haigh. 
WUkensburg, PA— Joseph J. Crisiello. Mar> C. Renna 
(si. Rudolph P. Benvin. 
Belleville, IL— Alice W. Kalmerisl. 
Chicago. IL — Gustav Lundquist. 
Portsmouth. OH — Charles Ratchford. Edmond Pierce. 
John H. Adams. Paul J, Howell. 

442 Hopkinsville, KY— Olie F. Hayes. 

452 \ancouver, BC, CAN — Merton Lacusla. 

454 Philadelphia, PA — Einar Carlson. Robert F. Baker 

455 Somerville. NJ— Edward Allen. 

458 Clarksville, IN— Ellis Hedden, Kinnard Plummer. 

475 Ashland, MA— Saverio DiPielro. 

480 Freeburg, IL — George Haukapp. 

483 San Francisco. CA— Phillip H. Phillips. 

494 Windsor, Ontario, CAN— Ferucio D. Sisti. 

496 Kankakee. IL — Vivian J. Lamore. 

500 Butler, PA— Ann I. Kalac (s). 

512 Ann Arbor, MI — ^Donald A. Hayes. John M. Sten- 

514 Wilkes Barre, PA — Francis Starkey. Mary Louise 

Glahn is), Peter Sciandra. Victor Bialko. 
527 Nanaimo BC, CAN— William D. Fielding. 

530 Los Angeles. CA — Eugene W. Stackhouse. 

531 New ^'ork, NY — Helmer Peterson. Henry C. Buer- 

542 Salem. NJ — Joseph H. Gould. 

543 Mamaroneck, NY — Andrew Pinto. Crescenzo Car- 

558 Elmhurst, IL — Hugo A. Galassi. Joseph Repetny. 
Otlo Nvstrom. William Marshalla. 

559 Paducah. KY— Willard Howard. 

562 Everett. \\ A — Anders Chris Andersen. Arinour Gerry. 

Frank V. Schmid. 
569 Pascagoula. MS — Myrtle L. White (s). 
586 Sacramento, CA — Calvin E. Dr\den. Evender A. 

596 St. Paul, MN— Marvin L. Tommerdahl. 

602 St. Louis. Mo — Lorraine E. Green (sl. 

603 Ithaca. NY — George L Housel, Henry C. Kerry. 
608 New \ork. NY — Charles F. Bergin, Kathe Maurer 

(s). Ke\in Jovce. Leroy A. John. 

610 Port Arthur. TX— Adies Hebert. Bryan Paul Boui- 
llon Sr . William David Walker. William H. Rummel. 

613 Hampton Roads. \' A— John Robert Gra\ . 

620 Madison. NJ— .Albert Reindel. Felix Keresztesy. 

621 Bangor. ME^George Cook. 

623 Atlantic County, NJ — Benjamin F, Tubman. 

626 \Nilmington. DE — Elena C, Pedicone (s|. 

627 Jacksonville, FL — James W. Lewis. 
634 Salem. IL — Vernon Wyalt. 

636 Mt. N'ernon. IL — Ronald G. Johnson. 

639 Akron. OH— William E. Metcalf. 

642 Richmond. CA — Eugene Louis Pagni. Harrv M. 

Downs, Roger Duyer, 
644 Pekin. IL— Ralph S. Buffinglon. 
650 Pomerov, OH— Julis C, Chancey. 
690 Little Rock. AR— Edward F Battles. William Haney 

696 Tampa, FL— John W. McCoy. 
701 Fresno. CA — Anna F. Bush is). Claude E. Brown. 
703 Lockland. OH— Elsie L Walters Is). Marlene Walters 

710 Long Beach. CA— Wilbur W. Wood. 

720 Baton Rouge, L.A— James A. Hoover, 

721 Los Angeles, CA — Agnes Spiszer (s). Frank Heim. 
James J Siedron. Joe Holguin Jr.. John E. Santo. 
Manm Simon. Vito R. Catrone. 

725 Litchfield. IL— Edward H. Osierman. 

727 Hialeah, FL— Harrv S. Sims. 

739 Cincinnati, OH— Donald Bearss, 

742 Decatur, IL — Samuel F. Haab. Sophia A. Seevers 

745 Honolulu. HI — 't'oshilanc Oba. 
751 Santa Rosa. CA— Helen .Martha Buckley is). 
753 Beaumont. TX— Edna Lois Gilstrap Is). Mable Mon- 

lalbano (si. 
764 Shreveport, LA— Floyd A. Ration. Walter D. Thrash 

769 Pasadena. CA— Pablo Cano. Robert L. Rios. Segurth 
Spendrup. William J. Giffin. 

770 Yakima, WA— Alfred R- Land. 

771 Watsonville. CA— Eubert M. Alego. 

803 Metropolis. IL — George Hillebrand. Warren Loven. 

815 Beverh. MA— Euclide Guilmette, 

819 West Palm Beach. FL— John J. Rigdon. 

821 Springfield, NJ— Victor Kukoda. 

824 Vluskegon, MI — John Verhoven. 

839 Des Plaines. IL— Edward Suvada. Russell E. Shep- 

845 Clifton Heights. PA— Michael Rosenbaum. 

848 San Bruno. CA— lona Sherwood (s). Timo Ojanen. 

851 Anoka. MN— Myrtle Odonnell is). 

857 Tucson. AZ — Guadalupe Valencia. Roy Bach. 

898 SI. Joseph, MI— Majorie Florv (s), Roy B. Kelley. 

900 Altoona, PA— Samuel D. Kuhn. 

902 BrookKn. NY— Harry Goldstein. Robert F. Romeo. 
Theodore Jacobsen. 

906 Glendale, AZ^Bessie L. Sarten (si. 

916 Aurora, IL— Jeanette G. Nichols (s). 

929 Los Angeles, CA— Ineze Decuir is). Marion F. Tee- 

938 Richmond, MO~Buriev Shfpman 

943 Tulsa. OK— Arthur Aaron Cartlson. Chariie L. Bum- 

948 Sioux Cilv, lA— William W. Sampson Jr. 

964 Rockland" County, NY— Peter D. Consigli. 

971 Reno. NV — Lawrence Lareva, Ralph .Maricliar.o. 

973 Texas CItv. TX— Howard H. Smith. 

977 Wichita Falls. TX— Bobhv Rav Wallace. 

978 Springfield, MO— Jimmic L. Schmidi. WilburClaudc 
Evans, William W. Williams. 

993 .Miami. FL— Clvde B. Cobble. John .M. Kuchar. 
Rachel Elizabeth Perera (s). 

JANUARY. 1985 


























Ro.val Oak. Ml— Carl Klemow. 1632 

Merrillvjjie, IN — Mary Louise Vaughn (s). 1635 

Warren, PA— Clifford E. Smith. 1637 

Parson. Kfv— Arthur Ellis, Charles Doty, Tommie 1654 

Claypool- 1669 

Chicago. IL — Adrian Overbeek, Hans Eberle. Peter 1683 
J, Sodini, Walter Smagacz, 

Eureka, CA— Gladys Pearl Foster (s). 1685 
Charleroi. PA — Charles Grago, Samuel R. Conrad. 
Hollywood. CA — Santiago Deleon. 1691 
Milwaukee. WI— Anton Bolle, Janis V. Miezitis. 1693 
Santa Barbara. CA — Vernon D. Belton. 
Phoenix. AZ— Robert W. Knox, Wallace L. Davis. 1715 
Albany Corvallis. OR— Marvo Lee Endicolt (s). 1739 
Baton Rouge. LA — Edgar L. Allen, Henry M Ad- 
ams, Sidney R. Smith. 1741 
Detroit. Ml— Frank Cecil, Henry W. Gilbert. 
Cleveland. OH— Peter F. Fischer. 1746 
San Bernardino. CA — Ralph Galloway 

Portland. OR— Carey A. Pond. 1752 
Los Angeles. CA — George R. Chapin. 

Annapolis. MD — Thomas R. Phipps. 1764 

La Crosse. Wl—Casimir L. Goergen, Richard Kolb. 1772 
Seallle. WA— William W Strickland 

Washington. DC — Roland Simpson 1780 
RosevUle. CA— Belva D. Satnowski (si, Helen Mildred 

Dougherty (s). 1801 

Olympia. WA— Merle E. Cleveland. 1806 

San Francisco. CA— Charlotte E. Robinson (s), Rob- 1808 
ert McCallisler, Russell B. Jones. 

New York, NY— Arthur Wright. Liselotle Strobi Isl, 1811 

Sam Minuskin. 1815 
Billings, MT— Forest P. Hoover. 

Seallle. WA— Charles A. Nagel, Clyde F. Maiestic 1816 

Jr., John L. McDougal. 1822 

Chicago, IL — Theodore J. Horan Jr. 1835 

Indio, CA— Walter S. Chesnut. 1837 

Charleslon, WV— Denzil E Skidmore, Edward H. 1845 
Lester, William Perkins. 

Medford. NY— Burt D. Coleman. 1846 
Fairbanks. Ak— Ethel D. Miller (si. 
Windsor, Ontario. CAN— John E. Croft. 

Carlsbad. NM — Marion E Singleterry. 1849 

Homestead. FI^V. A. Mickelberry. 1865 

North Westminister, BC, CAN— Aino Emilia Huumo 1889 

(s), Keith Bradley. 1911 

Sarnia. Ontario. CAN— John Ralph Knight. 1913 
Nevada, MI — Clarence W. Schmitt. 

Eugene, OR— Alfred E. Hassler, Harvey W, Birch. 1921 

Decatur, AL— Audrey Beatrice Warren (s), Orville 1929 
L. Keel, Sammie Levonia Johnson (s). 

Clearwater, FL — John Kristan. Martin O. Nelson 1930 

Bend, OR— Alvie E. Bishop. Fred Davis 1947 

Mountain View. CA — Carmine R. Perretta, Eugene 1961 

P. Curran, Jesse Trotter, Lawrence Ribas, Quintin 1962 
E. Gladden. Sterling F. Herndon. 

Seallle. WA— Conrad M. McCaig, Thomas R. Weitz. 1964 

Huntington, NY— Kurt Gutschke. 1971 

San Diego, CA— Alice A. Doss (si, Fred Gulp, Theo 2007 

Robins. 2020 

Evanston, IL — Jesse Clyde Traweek. 2024 

Albuquerque, NM — Eugene Jasper Turman. 2037 
Monterey, CA — Elmer Glover, Joseph J. Nabozny. 

Independence, MO — Charles E. Fletcher, Marvin 2046 

Irvington. NJ — Abe Strauss, Robert Davidson. Wil- 
liam McLaren. 2078 
Buffalo. NY— Dudley Domes, Kenneth Cullen, Mi- 2087 
chael J. Fisher. 

CrawfordsviUe, IN — Edwin C. Presslor. 2104 

Seattle. WA — Jesse E. Funderburg, Owen Dacey. 2114 

Buffalo, NY— Bernard Jacobson. 2119 
Woodland, CA— Rettie O. Strutlon (si. 

Province of New Brunswick. CAN — Harry Cochrane. 2130 

Toledo. OH— Mary Ellen Scott (si. 2139 

Ft. Lauderdale, FL— Dorothy M. Branncr (si. 2140 

North Hempstad, NY— Ernest W. Courtcau. 2164 

Santa Monica, CA — James V. Kavanaugh. 2203 

San Pedro. CA— Ruth Lois Kaloust (si 2214 

Lodi. CA— Elsie D. Brown (si. 2258 

Corpus Christie. TX — Don J Espey. 2264 

Topeka. KS — Bernice L. Hochard is). 2265 

Lansing. MI — Gordon Richardson. 2287 

Detroit. MI— James E. Jacobs, Paul W Linenger. 2288 

New Y'ork, NY — Joseph F. Quinn, Mary Shea (s), 2292 

Stephen Sedmack, Thomas Anderson, Thurston 2298 

Nieman. 2334 

Toledo. OH— Madeline Dibling (si. 2375 

Bucks County, PA — John A. Parker, Joseph Gorman. 23% 

Redondo, CA— David A. Day. 2398 

La Porte, IN- Melvin Kleisl (s). 2404 

Burlington. NJ — Mervin B. Umberger Jr., Richard 2416 

D. Korneff. 2429 
Fresno. CA — Peter Leon Suddjian 

East Los Angeles. CA — Margaret Kestad (s). 2453 

Provo. LIT— Ada Sund (si. 2463 

El Monte. CA— Clarence B. Layton. Delila G. M. 2484 

Jones (5), Joseph G. Sabel. 2490 

Ironlon. OH— Willis D. Roberts 2519 

Marlel. CA— John M. Dietz. 2554 
New York, NY' — Fred Brandt, Irene Paternoster (s). 

Wilmington, DE— C. Renda Hoffecker (si, George 2581 

H. Batchelor. Wesley F Wallace Sr. 2590 

Miami, FL— Albert Huff. 2601 

Casper. WY— Arthur Knesal. 2608 

Washington. DC — Carl H. Erickson, George Thors, 2659 

Margaret Eugenia Shedek (s), Oliie E. Franks, Tony 2686 

N. Davis. 2687 

Wausau, WI — Leonard J Marquardt. 2693 

Montgomery County, PA — Kenneth Vance Day. Oiga 2715 

Moyer (s), Reinhand R. Buelow. 2736 
St, Louis, MO — Arthur Abbath, Mary Margaret 

Schaper (s). William Meyers Jr. 2739 

Bremenon, WA— Frank T. Huff, Marian Kay LaForce 2748 

(s), Owen D Stout. 2750 
Victoria, BC, CAN — Leo Trudeau, Marie Aurora 

Elma Possum (s). 2816 

S. Luis Obispo. CA — Jess S. Deputy. 
Kansas City. MO — Herbert Levan. 
La Junta, CO— Reed W. Ratliff. 
Midland, MI — Ernest Bringold. 
Ft, William, Ontario, CAN— Aimo Peritalo. 
El Dorado, AR— Elbetl F. Stanley. Leroy W. Hal- 

Melbourne-Daytona Beach. FL — Arthur Joseph Sza- 

Coeur Dalene. ID — James Mclean. 
Chicago. IL — Alex P. Enzbigilis, Alfred R. Aggen. 
Dons H. Oliver (s). 

Vancouver, WA — Jack A. Burke, Robert B. Jamison. 
Kirkwood, MO — Fred Elmer Sutton, Harry Lee 
Schumacher, John E. Strippgen. 
Milwaukee, WI — Daniel Gilbert, David C. Ryan, 
Estelia O. Fredericks (s), Martin Hanna. 
Portland, OR— Grace M. Debeer (s), Judd M. Ren- 

Pomona, CA — Brooks F. McAlister, Grady A. Hall, 
Julian D. Jay 

Marion, VA — Thier Lee Blevins. 
Hicksville. NY— Alfred Volk. Mary Uss (si, William 
A. Brenner. 

Las Vegas, NV — Chloe J. McNatt, Edwin J. Painter, 
Rosario C. Shorr (s). 
Hawkins, WI— Clifford Norlin. 
Dallastown. PA— Ralph E Kyle (si. 
Wood River, IL — Everett L. Sparrowk, William C 

Monroe. LA — Weldon Hinton. 
Santa Ana, CA— Jack E. George, Norvell H. All- 

Plymouth, IN — Steward E. Melick. 
Fort Worth, TX— Gage T. Nelson 
Waterloo. lA — Luke R. Galvm. 
Babylon, NY— Frank J. Dufek Jr. 
Snoqualm Fall. WA — Carl E. Mahlen, Martin Tor- 

New Orleans, LA — Andrew P. LeBlanc, Lovell Tay- 
lor, Mae Dell Corcoran (s). Rayford B. Smith. Terry 
L. Walters, Thomas S. Bauer. 
Pasco, WA — Leo E. Adams, Violet M. Larson (s). 
Minneapolis, MN — Marshall D. Nendick. 
Downers Grove, IL — Elmer A. Swanson. 
Beckley, WV— James W. Campbell 
Van Nuys, CA — Beth Mogge (s). Homer D. Cox, 
Leonard D. Baer. 
Hempstead, NY— Philip J. Hurley. 
Cleveland, OH— Harold D. Ryan, Marion A. Ges- 
cuk, Peggy Joyce Grivna (si 
Santa Susana, CA — Verle W. Spoonemore. 
Hollywood, FL— Richard D. Rhodes 
Roseburg, OR — George H Horton. 
Las Cruces, NM — Garland B. Sturdevant, Gaylord 
H. Singleterry, Josefina Tiscareno (sl. 
Vicksburg. MS — Thomas E. Blakeney. 
Temple, TX— Hazel C. Brisbin (si. Inez Roper (si 
Orange, TX — Eugene Hum. 
San Diego, CA — Pierre A. Lalendresse 
Miami, FL — Ernest A. Schonrock. 
Adrian, MI— Lois Jessie HolTstatter (s), Milo M. 

Martinez, CA— Carl C. Osborne, John M. Rhoda, 
John William Ray Tooke, Leroy Chambliss. Rolla 
V. Mason. 

Vista. CA— Theodore Kolby. 
Crystal Lake, IL — George C. Nvstrom. Joseph Bre- 

Dallas Fort Worth, TX— James H Dickerson. 
Napa, CA — Kandido R. Lewis 
St. Louis, MO — Nolan Jasper Hager, Walter Rav 

Hillsboro, OR— Philip Kaiser 
Tallahassee, FL — Johnnie M. AvirctI (si 
Fort Worth, TX— William A. DeisI 
San Francisco, CA — Helen Lynch (s). 
Anaheim, CA— L T Hall 
Festus, MO— Waller H. Rutledge. 
Houma, LA — Harry Adams. Robert J. Falgousl. 
Pittsburgh, PA— Jesse B. Pressley. 
Detroit, Ml— Verta Panseau (si. 
New York, NY — Richard Hinkelman. 
Los Angeles, CA — Frank Brady. 
Ocala, FL — Joseph Doris. 
Rolla, MO— Charles Whilson. 
Baraboo, WT — Ragnhild Clement (s). 
Los Angeles, CA — Edwin J Korman. 
Seattle, WA— Hal L. Ramey, Jack E. Moy. 
El Cajon, CA — Marion C. Foster. 
Vancouver, BC, CAN — Alexander McKay. 
Portland, OR— Merle O. Vanorden. 
Fort Pavne. AL — Fred F. Garner, Minnie Lou Hor- 
lon (si 

Oakridge, OR— Orpha D. Kisinger (s). 
Ventura, CA — Edmund Sieminski 
Orange, TX — Paul Gomer. 
McMinnviUe, TN — Thelbert Cleon McCoy. 
Seattle, WA — Ossian Parsons, William Nissen. 
Lebanon, OR — Ivan Wiseman, Paul H. Vorder- 
strasse, Roy G. Miller. 
Libbv, MT— Randall A. Halstead. 
Kane, PA— Patrick J Ohara. 
Lafayette, IN— Norben L. Witaske (s). 
Redding, CA — John Thompson. 
Everett, WA — Leslie O. Richards, Olaf Haugen. 
Stevens Point, WI — Leonard L. Krayecki. 
Auburn, CA — Hiram M. Williams. 
Pt, Arthur, Ontario, CAN — Jean Marie Fortier 
Medford, OR— John Walden Lalourrelte Sr. 
NW Minst. BC. CAN— Siegfned Rittberger, Voji- 
slav William Petrovic. 
Yakima, WA — Gene R. Gooderl. 
Rensselaer. IN — Thomas McCormick 
Springfield. OR — Conrad J. Meiwes, Myrtle May 
Luckey (s). 
Emmett. ID — Dee L Henderson 




Portland.OR— Frank E. Kline, Orville W.Reynolds, 

Velma C. Betnar (si. 

Burns, OR— Thomas S. Russell. 

John Day, OR— Buddie L. Weaver. 

Roseburg, OR — Edward D. Eglt, Everett J. Taylor, 

Everett L. Cooper, Gordon N. Hughes, Kenneth 

V Plunkett, Orville K Walz. 

New Y'ork. NY — Alejandro Lai no. Angel C. Jimenez, 

Jannelle Morrell. 

Province of Quebec. CAN — Arthur Jacques. 

Milwaukee. WI — Anthony Palmese. 

Los Angeles. CA — Garnet Alfred Borden 

Senior Citizen Condos 

Continued From Page 35 

plex was purchased by the National Council 
last February and represents NCSC's first 
venture into providing housing for middle- 
income seniors. The moderate pricing — cou- 
pled with excellent financing terms that Centre 
Court management has arranged with a local 
Fort Myers bank — already has been a mag- 
net for retired union workers, who generally 
find the cost of the units well within their 

With a 20% down payment, most residents 
average around $430 per month in mortgage 
payments; with a homestead exemption, 
taxes are $35 a month more, A $55 per 
month maintenance fee covers the cost of 
grounds upkeep and general building main- 
tenance, trash removal, water, sewer, cable 
TV, building insurance, and project replace- 
ment reserves for major building items. In- 
dividual utilities are extra. 

Also included in the purchase price are 
wall-to-wall carpeting; window louvres; the 
range, self-defrosting refrigerator, garbage 
disposal, and dishwasher in the kitchen; 
central air conditioning and heating; and 
smoke detector. In addition, each apartment 
is pre- wired for cable TV, 

For more information about the complex, 
contact James L. Womack, director. Senior 
Citizens Housing Development Institute, Inc., 
2121 Collier Avenue, Fort Myers, Florida 

Alice Pericins 

Continued From Page 36 

action before artificial eyes were inserted on 
December 13. 

Alice is taking private piano lessons, and 
a curator from a nearby art gallery is showing 
her how to work with modeling clay. Mean- 
while, she is pursuing an education at the 
Tennessee School for the Blind, 

Hundreds of contributors to Carpenters 
Helping Hands have made much of this 
progress possible. 

Donations to Helping Hands are still being 
accepted. They should be sent to: Carpenters 
Helping Hands, Inc.. 101 Constitution Ave,, 
N.W., Washington. D.C. 20001, 

Recent contributors include: 

Local 81 

Local 504, Harry Cohen 

Local 1595, Wm, and Estha Strahan 

Local 2250, Emil Eilersten 

Metropolitan District Council, Philadelphia, Bob Boggi 

Nassau County and Vicinity D,C., New York 

Mrs, Rose Duce 

Meida Von von Blum 

Carmen Lopez 

Joan Glen and Corey Westenhaefer 

Robert Pleasure 






Gene N. Beltz of Belton, Tex., has de- 
signed (patent pending) two innovative hand 
tools, for use in the construction field. Their 
purpose is to aid in the apphcation of trusses, 
rafters, joists, and studs. 

The models (Model ST 16" and Model SS 
24") will hold any 2 X on center for nailing. 
They eliminate 85% of layout marking of 
plates and are constructed of 100% alumi- 
num, with a lifetime guarantee. 

The Model ST 16" is 20" long, with an 
appropriate weight of 2 lbs. The Model SS 
24" is 28" long, with an appropriate weight 
of 3 lbs. 

For carpenters, framers, truss setters, 
deckers, dry wallers, and punch-out men, 
this tool will stop the need for nailers and 
, pushing and pulling on trusses, rafters, ceil- 
ing joists so you can seam up. 

The PRICES are: Model ST 16" Ta $24.95 
each; Model SS 24" (5 $29.95 each: and 
shipping & handling is $3.50. These are 
wholesale prices available to union members 
only according to Beltz. Production Date: 
January 2, 1985. Allow 4 to 6 weeks delivery. 

For more information or to order, contact: 
TRU-GUIDE INC., Route 3 Box 3390. Bel- 
ton, Texas 76513, (817) 939-0303. Distribu- 
torships are available for all states, except 
Texas and California. 


Clifton Enterprises 25 

Foley-Belsaw Planer 39 

Full Length Roof Framer 39 

Irwin Company 23 

Vaughan and Bushnell 36 

A new device for protecting power meas- 
uring tape blade tips from retraction shock 
has been introduced by The Irwin Company, 
manufacturer of measuring tapes. 

The device, called the Irwin Bumper/ 
Indicator, also slides up and down the tape 
blade to mark multiple measurements and 
to hold measurements. It is a standard ad- 
dition to all Irwin Vi" and I" RP series 
automatic power tapes. We are told that the 
Irwin Bumper/Indicators will work equally 
well on most competitive power tapes with 
blades of those widths. 

For more information, contact: Diane 
Schikowitz, Product Manager. Irwin Meas- 
uring Tool Co., 217 River Drive, Patchogue, 
NY 11772. 


Working with extension cords, UBC 
Member Phil Herbert was faced with the 
problem of having his tool cord pull out of 
his extension cord. He had to tape the plugs 
together or tie them In knots. This would 
catch on corners, ladder steps, etc., espe- 
cially when working with heavy equipment 

This frustrating problem remained un- 
solved until he retired from Local 1140. San 
Pedro, Calif., and had time to work on it. 
He came up with "WRAPSNAP." a nylon 
strap designed to stay with the extension 
cord. The strap fits the contour of the plug, 
so they smoothly pass by obstacles. It will 
take more than a 50 lb-pull. Wrap your cord 
with "WRAPSNAP" in less time than it 
takes to cuss, put down your tool, and replug 
that extension cord. 

WRAPSNAP isn't available in stores yet. 
You may order from Phil Herbert (Wrap- 
snap) 685 W. 1600 N. RR2, Mapleton, Utah 

Two straps on a cord for $1.98. Please 
include two stamps, or 40^;, for handling and 
shipping. Money back guaranteed. 

PLEASE NOTE: A report on new products 
and processes on this page in no way con- 
stitutes an endorsement or recommendation. 
All performance claims are based on state- 
ments by the manufacturer. 

Planet* Molder Saw 

Now you can use this ONE power-feed shop to turn 
rough lumber into moldings, trim, flooring, furniture 
— ALL popular patterns. RIP-PLANE-MOLD . . . sepa- 
rately or all at once with a single motor. Low Cost 
. . . You can own this power tool for only $50 down. 

30:Day FREE Trial! ,,im^JZcTs 


rnniui^a^m^ 3°611 FIELD BLDG 

Foley-Belsaw Co 
90611 Field Bldg 
Kansas City, Mo 64111 

rn YP^ Please send me complete facts about 
'-' '^"' PLANER -MOLDER -SAW and 
details about 30-day trial offer 


.^-- ---■---»»-»-- £. 

Full Length Roof Framer 

The roof framer companion since 
1917. Over 500,000 copies sold. 

A pocket size book with the EN- 
TIRE length of Common-Hip-Valley 
and Jack rafters completely worked 
out for you. The flattest pitch is V2 
inch rise to 12 inch run. Pitches in- 
crease Vz inch rise each time until 
the steep pitch of 24" rise to 12" 
run is reached. 

There are 2400 widths of build- 
ings for each pitch. The smallest 
width is Vt inch and they increase 
Vi" each time until they cover a 50 
foot building. 

There are 2400 Commons and 2400 
Hip, Valley & Jack lengths for each 
pitch. 230,400 rafter lengths for 48 

A hip roof is 48'-9%" wide. Pitch 
is IV2" rise to 12" run. You can pick 
out the length of Commons, Hips and 
Jacks and the Cuts in ONE MINUTE. 
Let us prove it, or return your money. 

In the U.S.A. send $6.00. California resi- 
dents add 360 tax. 

We also have a very fine Stair book 
9" X 12". If sells for $4.00. California 
residents add 240 tax. 


P. 0. Bo.\ 405, Palo Alto, Calif. 94302 

JANUARY, 198 5 


Let's Get Back 

to Basics 

in the Year Aliead 

The 'bread and butter' 

issues remain; 

the need for trade union 

growth is stili there! 

There's a belief in Washington, D.C., that 
the people who work in the nation's capital — 
the politicians, the government employees, 
and the trade union leaders — sometimes lose 
sight of the fact that the American people 
out there in the 50 states, the silent majority, 
the moral majority, the taxpayers, or what- 
ever you want to call them, are not as 
interested in politics as they are. The people 
who say this are probably right. 

The people who cluster around the Capitol 
dome, particularly the so-called special in- 
terests, think that almost anything can be 
accomplished by getting legislation through 
both Houses of Congress and then having it 
signed by the President. Sometimes, it seems 
that they might be right. 

Still, I'm inclined to think that those of 
us who work in the District of Columbia 
have a lot to learn from the people back 
home. There's a lot of independent thinking 
in our cities and townships and in our local 
unions which doesn't filter through to the 
people in Washington. A look at the results 
of the last general election shows that pretty 

In the old days, and I mean a century or 
more ago, when Peter McGuire and Sam 
Gompers were starting to launch the Amer- 
ican labor movement, there was some rec- 
ognition of the fact that legislation affects 
workers' lives. Those early labor leaders 
were fighting for the 10-hour day, then the 
8-hour day, and they were battling in state 
legislatures for a reduction in competitive 

prison labor, and for child labor laws. 

But, for the most part, our forebears in 
the labor movement were fighting for what 
we still call today "bread and butter" is- 
sues — living wages, shorter hours, and better 
working conditions. 

All through the years, for more than a 
century, the United Brotherhood of Carpen- 
ters and Joiners of America has been leading 
much of the fight for those "bread and 
butter" goals. But, also, down through the 
years we have tended to slack off from these 
basics of trade unionism. 

And it has weakened us, as it has weak- 
ened much of the labor movement. We have 
become bogged down in statistics, legal 
precedents, and side issues. We have strayed 
away from the basics and become deeply 
involved in politics. 

I am not suggesting that we should dis- 
continue our involvement in politics. Every 
UBC member should be registered as a 
voter, and every UBC member in the United 
States and Canada must be made aware of 
the political and legislative issues which 
require solution. He or she must be pre- 
sented from time to time with the voting 
records of their representatives in the Con- 
gress and in the Canadian Parliament. 

But trade unionism cannot and must not 
stop there. 

Too often, union leaders forget that their 
fellow members are not only trade unionists, 
but they might also be church members, 
military veterans, parents, birdwatchers — a 
wide variety of people with special interests 
of their own. Many union members are 
carrying their cards because those cards are 
their meal tickets and nothing more. 

Trade union leaders also tend to forget 
that the North American labor movement, 
as it stands today, is a minority. Organized 
labor continues to be a prime mover in 
achieving a better way of life for all working 
Americans and Canadians, but, too often, 
we forget that there are a lot of freeloaders 
out there, who are not paying the freight for 
our accomplishments. 

Unions represent only about 20% of the 
labor force today. The expansion of private- 



sector jobs in the past decade has come in 
the low-paying, unorganized service sector. 
The increase of 1 1 miUion jobs between 1973 
and 1979 was concentrated in the non-man- 
ufacturing sector of the economy, primarily 
in services and the retail trades. The fast 
food industry, which is frequently non-union, 
has spread across the land. Migratory farm 
workers, who are largely non-union, have 
been factored into the statistics. There has 
been an increase in white collar government 

But in construction and in the manufac- 
turing and allied trades which we represent 
there has been a decline in union represen- 

This has been partly due to the fact that 
we have been under heavy attack from the 
"Right to Workers."" the right-wing con- 
servatives, and the outright union busters, 
who somehow have the crazy notion that 
trade unionism is not patriotic Americanism 
or Canadianism. 

The tide has been turning against us in 
recent years, because of the unfounded belief 
that "trade unions have served their purpose 
and are no longer needed."" A lot of other- 
wise educated North Americans believe this. 
We have lost some of our pride in trade 
union membership. 

I remember the days when a carpenter 
told his neighbors with pride that he was a 
Mnion carpenter, that his father was a union 
carpenter, and that his grandfather was a 
union carpenter. He pulled out his dues book 
and showed the stamps and the recording 
secretarys" initials to prove his membership. 
His wife and his sons and daughters ex- 
pressed their feelings of pride, too. 

This sort of thing still goes on in many 
UBC households, but. little by little, things 
have changed in some of our households. 
Thanks to our hard work over the years, we 
have been able to send our sons and daughters 
to expensive colleges, and they have come 
out with degrees and good-paying profes- 
sional jobs. They have learned to punch 
computers and pay bills with plastic cards, 
and they have lost sight of the blood, sweat, 
and tears of the previous generations. 

I have no doubt that the time will come 
when those youngsters among us will learn 
of the advantages of trade union membership 
for themselves and for their country. I only 
hope they don"t have to learn about it the 
hard way. 

Meanwhile, we must continue to knock 
on the doors of the unorganized, serve on 
picket lines, and negotiate at bargaining 
tables to protect our livelihood and increase 
membership in the United Brotherhood. 

In summary, we must return to our basics, 
to the bread-and-butter issues. We must 
organize, organize, organize. We must once 
again make service on a picketline a badge 
of pride and responsibility to our fellow 

In short, as we begin our work in 1985, 
we must become reborn trade unionists with 
a sense of obligation to ourselves and the 
trade union movement. 


Patrick J. Campbell 
General President 


101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 

Address Correction Requested 

Non-Profit Org. 



Permit No. 13 
Washington, D.C. 

Give them 
a hand! 

The General Executive Board of 
the Brotherhood has authorized the 
creation of a UBC Retirees Club, a 
network of local organizations for 
retired members of the union and 
their spouses. 

Like similar groups functioning in 
other trade unions, these local orga- 
nizations will respond to the needs 
of the growing number of older citi- 
zens for recreation and social con- 
tacts, for community activities, and 
for important legislative and politi- 
cal education work. 

Help them get organized; help 
them get their local group function- 
ing; help them to be effective! 

Our retired members have served 
this union very well. They deserve 
the best from us. 

The UBC Retirees Club is open 
to all retirees who are members of 
the Brotherhood. And membership 
is open, also, to their spouses. 

The UBC Retirees Club will serve 
its retired members — but in doing so 
it will serve the UBC, too. 

It's in the interest of all of us to 
help create and maintain strong and 
lively chapters of the UBC Retirees 
Club ... to cooperate with it . . . 
and to encourage our retired mem- 
bers to "keep up the good work." 


The UBC has created a new Retiree Department at our 
Washington headquarters. Every local union, district and 
provincial council in the U.S. and Canada has been sent an 
information kit on the new UBC Retiree Clubs. 

UBC has the following printed materials available to your 
local union: 

• Retirees Club Constitution and Bylaws. 

• Retirees Club membership cards. 

• Charter Applications. 

• A poster for display at union halls. 

• A leaflet for retirees telling about the Retirees Club. 

• An Information Kit with printed material from the 
UBC, the AFL-CIO, and U.S. and Canadian senior 
citizens organizations of interest to retirees and to those 
setting up UBC Retirees Club local units. 

Check with your local union secretary for details on how 
you can help form a local club. 


United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners of America 

I am glad a system of labor prevails under which 
laborers can strike when they want to, where they 
are not obliged to work under cM circumstances 
and are not tied down and obliged to labor, 
whether you pay them for it or not. I like the sys- 
tem which lets a man quit when he wants to, and I 
wish it might prevail everywhere. 

I do not believe in a law to prevent a man getting 
rich. That would do more harm than good. So, 
while we do not propose any war upon capital, jfio^ 
do wish to allow the humblest an equal chance 

— v?'jsa 

get rich with everybody else. 

I want every man to have a chance to beit 
condition. That is the true system. \' 


, From a speech at 

New Haven, Conn.. 

March 6. 1860 






101 Constitution Ave., N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Patrick J. Campbell 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Sigurd Lucassen 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Anthony Ochocki 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


John S. Rogers 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Wayne Pierce 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 

William Sidell 
William Konvha 


First District, Joseph F. Lxa 
120 North Main Street 
New City, New York 10956 

Second District, George M. Walish 

101 S. Newtown St. Road 

Newtown Square, Pennsylvania 19073 

Third District, John Pruitt 
504 E. Monroe Street #402 
Springfield, Illinois 62701 

Fourth District, Harold E. Lewis 

3110 Maple Drive, #403 
Atlanta, Georgia 30305 

Fifth District, Leon W. Greene 

4920 54th Avenue, North 
Crystal, Minnesota 55429 

Sixth District, Dean Sooter 
400 Main Street #203 
Rolla, Missouri 65401 

Seventh District, H. Paul Johnson 
Gramark Plaza 

12300 S.E. Mallard Way #240 
MUwaukie, Oregon 97222 

Eighth District, M. B. Bryant 
5330-F Power Tnn Road 
Sacramento, California 95820 

Ninth District, John Carruthers 
5799 Yonge Street #807 
Willowdale, Ontario M2M 3V3 

Tenth District, Ronald J. Dancer 
1235 40th Avenue. N.W. 
Calgary, Alberta, T2K OG3 

Patrick J. Campbell, Chairman 
John S. Rogers, Secretary 

Correspondence for the General Executive Board 
should be sent to the General Secretary. 

Secretaries, Please Note 

In processing complaints about 
magazine delivery, the only names 
which the financial secretary needs to 
send in are the names of members 
who are NOT receiving the magazine. 

In sending in the names of mem- 
bers who are not getting the maga- 
zine, the address forms mailed out 
with each monthly bill should be 
used. When a member clears out of 
one local union into another, his 
name is automatically dropped from 
the mailing list of the local union he 
cleared out of. Therefore, the secre- 
tary of the union into which he cleared 
should forward his name to the Gen- 
eral Secretary so that this member 
can again be added to the mailing list. 

Members who die or are suspended 
are automatically dropped from the 
mailing list of The Carpenter. 


NOTE: Filling out this coupon and mailing it to the CARPENTER only cor- 
rects your mailing address for the magazine. It does not advise your own 
local union of your address change. You must also notify your local union 
... by some other method. 

This coupon should be mailed to THE CARPENTER, 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20001 


Local No. 


Number of your Local UQion must 
be Kiven. Otherwise, no action can 
be taken on your change of address. 

Social Security or (in Canada) Social Insurance No.. 



State or Province 

ZIP Code 


ISSN 0008-6843 

VOLUME 105 No, 2 FEBRUARY, 1985 


John S. Rogers, Editor 



No Time for Economic Complacency Rudy Oswald 2 

You, Too, Are an Organizer 4 

Average Income Lower in Right-to-Work States 7 

UBC Launches 'Adopt a Lumber Store' Program 8 

Operation Turnaround 10 

How Boycotts Have Helped Workers Win Justice 12 

Organizing Director Parker Retires 13 

Housing in 2000 A.D Barbara Moffat 1 5 

Counterfeit Products and Lost Jobs PAI 18 

Health! Hazards from Wood Dust Exposure 27 

Screening Out Unsafe Workers, Does It Work? 29 


Wasfiington Report 6 

Ottawa Report 14 

Members in the News 17 

Consumer Clipboard: Clothing Labels 20 

We Congratulate 21 

Local Union News 22 

Apprenticeship and Training 26 

Safety and Health 27 

Plane Gossip 30 

Retirees' Notebook 31 

Service to the Brotherhood 32 

In Memoriam 37 

What's New? 39 

President's Message. Patnck J. Campbell 40 

Published monthly al 3342 Bladensburg Road, Brentwood, Md 20722 by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners ol America. Subscription price: United States and Canada $10.00 per year, single copies $1,00 in 


Abraham Lincoln ' s secretary and biog- 
rapher, John Hay, said that a monument 
to his former boss "should stand alone, 
remote from the common habitations of 
man, apart from the business and turmoil 
of the city — isolated, distinguished, and 
serene." The site chosen was a swamp 
along the river in Washington, D.C., 
home to numerous frogs and insects. 
Critics considered it an impossible choice. 
Hay said, "Of all the sites this one, near 
the Potomac, is most suited to the pur- 

And time seems to have proved Hay 
correct. The crowd attending the build- 
ing's dedication. May 30, 1922, stretched 
to the Washington Monument, almost a 
mile away. The statue of Lincoln, pic- 
tured on our cover this month, continues 
to be one of the most popular tourist 
attractions in Washington, D.C. The me- 
morial inspires awe and respect. We 
commemorate Lincoln's birthday on 
February 12. 

The building, created by Architect 
Henry Bacon, is a white marble temple in 
the classic Greek tradition, with 36 fluted 
columns representing the states in the 
Union at the time of Lincoln's death. Thin 
marble panels in the ceiling were treated 
with beeswax to make them translucent. 
The stupendous seated figure of Lincoln, 
created by Daniel Chester French, is 19 
feet tall and composed of 28 blocks fitted 
together so perfectly as to appear a single 
stone. And French worked for seven 
years to perfect the hghting for his 
"brooding masterpiece." — Photograph 
from H. Armstrong Roberts. 

Printed in U.S.A. 

What the economic numbers mean for workers 

This Is No Time For 
Economic Complacency 

By Rudy Oswald 

AFL-CIO Chief Economist 

The rosy economic forecasts for 
1985 are threatened by the dark 
storm clouds of high federal defi- 
cits, high interest rates, and an 
overvalued dollar. While most fore- 
casters continue to talk about 1985 
as another year of recovery from 
the worst post-war recession, the 
general outlook is for no improve- 
ment in the current high levels of 

For many workers, the current 
7.2% unemployment obviously 
means they're still in a recession, 
but the economists consider it as 
an improvement from the depths of 
the last recession. The current 7.2% 
unemployment level is a level of 
unemployment higher than any year 
in the post-war period prior to the 
1980s, except for the 1975 reces- 

The consensus among economic 
forecasters is that the economy will 
grow in 1985 at a 3.3% rate, after 
adjusting for inflation. In a poll of 
50 economic forecasters, they all 
predicted continued growth, but 
some predicted growth as slow as 
1.3% and others as fast as 4.8%. 
Little change is expected in the 
inflation rate, as a 4.2% increase in 
the cost of living is predicted for 

Consensus Outlook For 1985 





Real GNP (% Growth) 




CPI-U (% Change) 




Unemployment Rate 





Source; Eggert's Blue Chip Economic Indicators, Jan. 10, 

What do all these economic num- 
bers mean for workers? 

First of all, it means that unem- 
ployment at 7.2% (8.2 million work- 
ers) will remain high for the next 
year and the unemployed will be 
denied the promise of the 1978 
Humphrey-Hawkins Act to reduce 
unemployment to 4%. There is little 
hope that the Reagan Administra- 
tion will advocate — or even sign — 
any major program to alleviate the 
problem of unemployment. 

Secondly, the rate of inflation will 
be substantially lower than the ex- 
treme periods in the 1970s after the 
big oil price run-ups by the OPEC 
countries, but it will still be rela- 
tively high by historic terms. It also 
means that workers' wages have to 
increase by more than 4.2% to keep 
their buying power from declining. 

RVDY OSWALD, director of the AFL-CIO s Departmeni of 
Economic Research since 1976. serves on a number of govern- 
Dienlul and private boards and advisor}' committees. He is a 
member of the Advisory Committee on Trade Negotiations 
and the Services Pohcy Advisory Committee to the U.S. Spe- 
cial Trade Representative: and a member of the Labor Re- 
search Advisory Council to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statis- 
tics. He serves on the Board of Directors of the National 
Bureau of Economic Research. The Joint Council on Eco- 
nomic Education, and the Industrial and Labor Relations Ad- 
visory Coucil of Cornell University. Oswald received his Ph.D. 
from Georgetown University and has taught economics at 
George Washington University. 

Thirdly, the economy will not be 
growing at a rate rapid enough to 
reduce the federal debt. Thus, the 
budget deficit problem will not be 
cured by economic growth as Pres- 
ident Reagan so cavalierly prom- 
ised during his re-election cam- 
paign. The budget is out of whack 
because the enormous 1981 tax cuts 
robbed the government of the rev- 
enue necessary to run essential pro- 
grams. At the same time, corpora- 
tions and wealthy individuals 
received major tax breaks, and huge 
increases in defense spending were 
enacted, with no provisions for funds 
to pay for such outlays. 

The basic Social Security pro- 
gram will be in surplus until well 
into the next century, but many 
Republicans still talk about cutting 
promised Social Security benefits. 
The proponents of this approach 
want to run up bigger surpluses in 
order to offset the deficits in the 
other parts of the budget. 

Meanwhile, the President contin- 
ues to call for substantial increases 
in defense spending, but is unwilling 
to face up to raising the money to 
pay for such increases. Both the 
President and Senate Republicans 
are calling for major cuts in a variety 
of social programs, cuts that will 
hurt workers, communities, and the 
poor. The Administration is shifting 
part of the burden onto government 
workers by proposing a 5% cut in 
their salaries. Besides the inequity 
of such a proposal, the President 
sends a signal to all business that it 
is proper to cut workers' wages. 
Budget cuts are being proposed in 
the basic housing programs, com- 
munity development programs, ur- 
ban and regional development pro- 
grams, urban mass transit and the 
Amtrak program, and other con- 


Unemployment Remains Critically High 

Interest on a 30 Year Mortgage Loan of §70,000 

An Increase in the Interest Rate of IZ Raises the Cost of 
a Home $15,850. ond a JZ increase Raises the Cost $47,550 



TOTAL R£PAYMEm":$202,764 




1950 1955 191 

1970 1975 1980 1985(Pfo)i 


9% LOAN 

12% LOAN 15% LOAN 


U.S. Trade Deficit 

High Imports and Lost Markets for U.S. Manufactured Goods 
Account for a Major Part af the Nation's Trode Deficit 

^ -80 
ui -100 
-1 40 



struction grants for sewer and water. 
These programs were designed to 
satisfy essential housing develop- 
ment and infrastructure needs and 
at the same time created many 
needed jobs in construction and 
other industries. 

In addition to the budget prob- 
lems, this country faces a massive 
trade deficit that will only worsen 
in 1985. Five years ago, the trade 
deficit was $36 million, but in 1985 
it is expected to balloon to $150- 
175 billion. Whereas in trading man- 
ufactured goods, the U.S. had a $13 
billion surplus in 1980, the 1985 

situation is a saving to a deficit of 
$107 billion in manufactured goods. 
Imports continue to flow into the 
U.S. market while exports struggle 
to hold their own in foreign mar- 
kets. In the last 4'/: years, the value 
of the U.S. dollar has increased by 
more than 70% against the average 
value ofother major currencies. For 
example, in July of 1980, the ex- 
change was 1.75 marks for a dollar 
and in mid-January, 1985, the value 
of the mark had changed to 3.20 to 
the dollar, meaning that German 
goods were now 83% cheaper than 
4'/2 years ago, while it cost the 

Germans 83% more to buy U.S. 
goods. The currencies of some other 
countries have increased similarly. 
As a result of changing the value 
of the dollar and the export-import 
policies ofother countries the United 
States is undergoing a serious trade 
attack in many manufacturing sec- 
tors. Particulary hard-hit have been 
steel, machine tools, textiles, and 
many other manufacturing indus- 
tries. Even the so-called high-tech 
industries have not been immune 
to the new inflow of imports since 
many U.S. firms have now decided 
Continued on Page 3S 


YoUf toOf are an organizer 

The United Brotherhood's fulltime 
representatives and the entire 
union membership must work 
together to enlist new members 
in the months ahead . . . 

It is no earth-shaking revelation to state that organizing 
workers at a construction site, industrial shop, or manu- 
facturing plant is a difficult job ... a job that doesn't 
promise to get easier in 1985. 

The current climate of high unemployment (See the chart 
on unemployment levels on Page 3), the intense pressure 
from employers for wage concessions, the continuing threat 
of plant closings due to foreign and domestic non-union 
competition, and the logjam at the National Labor Relations 
Board all add up to problems for union organizers across 
North America. 

The UBC has weathered the storms of the recent reces- 
sion and the various union-busting drives better than most 
organizations. Tough times have brought out the best in 
us. We are making progress in the construction industry 
with Operation Turnaround (See Page 10), and our twin 
organizing programs — VOC (volunteer organizing commit- 
tees for industrial members) and C-VOC (volunteer orga- 
nizing committees for construction members) — have been 
established in many local unions and councils. Our indus- 
trial membership is increasing. It appears that we've turned 
the comer and that hopefully, we will achieve continued 
membership gains in 1985. 

But our UBC organizing programs cannot succeed unless 
more individual members take the initiative and give our 
fulltime organizers and business agents leads and support 
in their work. 


This might consist of simply telling your local union or 
council representative that such-and-such a place down the 
road is non-union and that the workers there are unhappy 
with their wages and working conditions. It might consist 
of telling a former member who has strayed from the ranks 
that he's hurting himself and his fellow workers until he 
rejoins the union. There is plenty of organizing work to be 
done in residential construction; you might lend a hand 
there. Why not volunteer whatever assistance you can 
provide to your local's VOC members? If your local union 
doesn't have a volunteer organizing committee, ask why 

There's a questionnaire on the opposite page, which we 
urge you to fill out and mail to the UBC Organizing 
Department at the General Office in Washington. (The 
address is on the questionnaire. ) Your answers to questions 
in this questionnaire might be just the information needed 
to strengthen the union in your area and help to give you 

and your fellow workers the unity and support needed at 
the bargaining table at the next contract negotiations. 

In many situations today management will tell you that 
it can no longer afford to pay wage increases because of 
the stiff non-union competition it faces. The company 
expects that this competition will increase. Your wages 
and benefits will be constantly threatened unless you help 
UBC organizing teams overcome this non-union competi- 
tion by organizing the unorganized. 


In a major poll conducted by the Washington Post and 
Newsweek magazine on attitudes toward unions, 51% of 
the non-union people sampled said yes to the question, "If 
you were working on a job where you could join a labor 
union, do you think you would join or not?" Only 40% 
said they would not join, and 9% had no opinion. 

There are workers ready to join the UBC out there. We 
must sign them up! 

There was another question in the Washington Post- 
Newsweek poll: "How would you rate the accomplishments 
of the union you belong to?" (Only 15% of the sampling 
belong to a union.) More than 79% of those responding 
rated the accomplishments of their union excellent or good. 
Let's make that percentage 100%! 



YBS, I want to join the UBC volunteer organizing team. I am (check one): D an industrial member. 

□ a construction member. 

We want your organizing assistance, no matter iiow 
insignificant it seems. Your suggestions might offer 
just the i<ey needed to achieve a 100% union security 
in your community. Fill out the questionnaire below 
and mail it in today. Your suggestions will be kept 
confidential. Instructions for mailing are at the bottom 
of the questionnaire. 

Name . 


Telephone No. (include area code) 
Local Union No. 

This is someone you might talk to about joining the 
United Brotherhood: 


Any other persons we might contact? 




Telephone No. 

Where is he or she employed? 

Telephone No. (include area code): 
Where is he or she employed? 

The following person has expressed interest in join- 
ing the UBC: 

Can you suggest some organizing targets in your area? 

Construction contractors? 

Name . 


Industrial plants? 

Telephone No. (include area code) 
Where is he or she employed? 

After you have completed this questionnaire, as much as 
possible, please mail it to: Organizing Department. United 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America. 101 Con- 
stitution Ave.. N.W., Washington. D.C. 20(MM . 






A unique ad hoc coalition of more than 35 envi- 
ronmental, industry, and labor groups, including the 
United Brotherhood, is continuing to push the Sen- 
ate to pass the Clean Water Act. 

While acknowledging that members of the coali- 
tion "vary in our positions and approaches to sev- 
eral important issues, we are united in urging that 
the Clean Water Act legislation be considered by 
the Senate as soon as possible." Besides several 
environmental groups (the American Clean Water 
Association, the Environmental Policy Institute, 
Izaak Walton League, National Audubon Society, 
National Wildlife Federation, Sierra Club), the coali- 
tion includes such as the: American Concrete Pipe 
Association, American Paper Institute, American 
Subcontractors Association, Associated General 
Contractors of America, Building and Construction 
Trades Department AFL-CIO, General Electric Co., 
General Mills Inc., Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical 
Corp., National Association of Regional Councils, 
National Forest Products Association, Occidental 
Petroleum Co., Water & Wastewater Equipment 
Manufacturers Association, and the United 


The Reagan Administration is balking at comply- 
ing with a congressional directive to the Bureau of 
Labor Statistics to gather data on the impact of 
plant closings and large-scale layoffs. 

Congress earmarked $5 million to get the pro- 
gram under way as part of a $152.9 million BLS 
appropriation passed last October. BLS officials 
said at the time that they would contract with the 
states to provide the data, utilizing the existing sys- 
tem for collecting unemployment insurance informa- 

But the White House has now informed Congress 
that it doesn't plan to spend the money during the 
fiscal year covered by the appropriation, which runs 
through September 30, 1985. Most informed 
sources consider this a prelude to a formal request 
to Congress to rescind the appropriation. 

The layoff and plant-closing reporting system 
would have replaced a limited layoff report which 
the Labor Department abandoned in 1983. 


Thanks to the efforts of Former Congressman 
and now U.S. Senator Paul Simon of Illinois, and 
Senators Paula Hawkins of Florida, Arlen Specter 
of Pennsylvania, and Bill Bradley of New Jersey, 
there is now a toll-free hotline operating in the na- 
tion's capital to gather information on missing or 
exploited children. 

The toll-free number (1-800-843-5678) serves the 
contiguous 48 states, and it should be used by 
anyone having information that could lead to the 
recovery of a missing child, whether the child is a 
victim of abduction by a stranger or parental kid- 
napping. Calls are also being taken on the wherea- 
bouts of runaway youths, with referral as warranted 
to an existing federal program that aids runaways. 

The hotline office operates from 9 a.m. to 3 a.m., 
Monday through Friday, and hopes to eventually 
handle weekend calls as well. 

Funded initially by a $10 million appropriation un- 
der the Missing Children's Assistance Act, signed 
by the President in October, the hotline staff works 
in cooperation with the Office of Juvenile Justice of 
the U.S. Department of Justice. Information gath- 
ered by the hotline is computerized and transmitted 
to appropriate law enforcement agencies. 

An estimated one million children disappear from 
their homes each year, we are told. 


Senator Spark Matsunaga of Hawaii has pro- 
posed that the United States and the Soviet Union 
jointly commemorate the 40th anniversary of the 
historic linkup of American and Russian armies that 
sealed the fate of Nazi Germany in World War II. 

In a letter to President Reagan, Matsunaga 
wrote, "At a time when the superpowers are seek- 
ing ways to reduce tensions that have set the world 
on edge, we believe it would be fitting to commem- 
orate jointly the historic linkup that sealed the fate 
of Nazism. . . . Joint commemoration of April 25, 
1945, will remind us all that even ideological antag- 
onists can find unity in a higher cause." 


Collectively bargained multiemployer pension 
plans covering about 9.1 million workers were bet- 
ter funded in 1979 than their single-employer coun- 
terparts, says a study released by the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Labor. 

According to the study, multiemployer pension 
plans negotiated through collective bargaining had 
sufficient assets to fund, on average, 90% of the 
value of vested benefits. Negotiated single-em- 
ployer plans, on the other hand, had assets equal 
to an average of 84% of the value of vested benefits. 


Most U.S. manufacturing industries will experi- 
ence continued but slower growth during 1985, 
while service industries will continue their long- 
standing steady growth trends, the Commerce 
Dept. predicts. 

The department's Industrial Outlook report said, 
"Growth rates for 75%" of the more than 200 man- 
ufacturing industries in its forecast "should be lower 
than in 1984 when the nation was rapidly recover- 
ing from the 1981-82 recession." 


Average income lowest in 'right-to-work' states 

Workers earn less in states where the 
union shop is prohibited under so-called 
"right-to-work" laws. 

A new Commerce Department report 
shows that per capita income in the 20 
R-T-W states averaged only $10,708 in 
1983. This compares to an average of 
$12,186 in the 30 other states and the 
District of Columbia, and to a U.S. 
average of $11,685. 

Only five of the open shop states 
were ranked at or above the national 
average — Nevada, Kansas, Virginia, 
Wyoming, and Texas. 

Seven of the 10 states with the lowest 
averages are R-T-W states — North Car- 
olina, Tennessee, Alabama, South Car- 
olina, Utah, Arkansas, and Mississippi. 
The last three states were below $9,000, 
with Mississippi averaging only $8,098. 

The same pattern appears in average 
wages of manufacturing workers and in 
expenditures per pupil in public schools. 

While weekly wages in the 20 open 
shop states averaged $322.99, and hourly 
earnings averaged $8.10, the figures in 
union rights states averaged $367.44 and 
$9.24. The national average was $354.48 
and $8.84. 

Here is a state-by-state analysis of 
per capita income in compulsory, open- 
shop states for selected years: 

Alabama — When its "right-to-work" 
law was enacted in 1953, it was $658 
below the national average in per capita. 
Last year it was $2,443 below — a drop 
of $1,785. 

Arizona — A R-T-W state since 1947. 
Figures for that year are not available, 
but in 1948 it was $109 below the 
national average. By 1983 it was $1 ,029 
below— a loss of $920. 

Arkansas — In 1948, a year after its 
R-T-W law was adopted, the state was 

$541 below the national average. By 
1983 Arkansas was $2,718 below the 
national average, a loss of $2,177. 

Florida — Enacted a R-T-W law in 
1944. Last year its per capita income 
was $92 below the national average. 
Florida has gained $140 from its 1948 
standing of $232 below the national 

Georgia — In 1948 the state was $442 
behind the national average and in 1983. 
$1,306 below— a loss of $864. 

Iowa— In 1948 the state was $213 
above the national average. Its per 
capita income then fell below the na- 
tional average and has been below in 
most years since. In 1983 it was $980 
below — a loss of $1,193. 

Kansas — Passed its open-shop law in 
1958. At that time it was $6 below the 
national average and remained below 
until 1972. By last year Kansas in- 
creased its per capita to $12,247, which 
is $562 above the national average. 

Louisiana — The state ws $1,012 he- 
low the national average in 1976 when 
it passed its R-T-W law. In 1983 it was 
$1,415 below, for a loss of $403. 

Mississippi — Passed its law in 1954 
and was $866 below the national aver- 
age at that time. In 1983 it was $3,358 
below — a loss of $2,721. 

Nebraska— In 1948 the state was $128 
above the national average. Its per 
capita income then fell below the na- 
tional average and in 1983 it was $473 
below — a loss of $601 . 

Nevada — The only R-T-W state that 
has consistently been above the na- 
tional average. Nevada's average was 
$531 above the national when it passed 
its law in 1951. In 1983 it was $766 
above — a gain of $235. The state's 
strongly organized entertainment in- 
dustry helps boost the state average. 

North Carolina — Passed a R-T-W law 
in 1947. and was $427 below the national 
average in 1948. In 1983 it was $1,898 
below — a loss of $ 1 ,47 1 . 

North Dakota— In 1948 it was $61 
above the national average. Last year 
per capita income rose to $1 1,666, but 
was $19 below the national average — a 
loss of $80. 

South Carolina — In 1954, when it 
passed a R-T-W law. per capita income 
was $637 below the national average. 
In 1983 it was $2,498 below, a loss of 
$1,861 in relation to the national aver- 

South Dakota— Was $100 above the 
national average in 1948 and in 1983 
was $1,838 below— a loss of $1,938. 

Tennessee — In 1948 its average was 
$465 below the national average, and 
last year it was $2,136 below — a loss of 

Texas — It was $224 below the na- 
tional average in 1948, the year after it 
passed its law, and was the same as the 
national average last year. This repre- 
sented a gain of $224. 

Utah— Passed a R-T-W law in 1955 
and at that time was $245 below the 
national average per capita income. 
Last year it was $2,692 below — a loss 
of $2,447. 

Virginia— In 1948 it was $293 below 
the national average. Last year it was 
$431 above, a gain of $724. 

Wyoming — Passed a R-T-W law in 
1963. when its per capita income av- 
erage was $9 above the national. The 
next year, it went below the national 
average and stayed below until 1973, 
when Wyoming again went above the 
national rate. It was $226 above last 


May 4 will be L-P Boycott Day 

UBC Launches 'Adopt a Lumber Store' 
In Louisiana-Pacific Boycott Campaign 

With the strike by 1500 UBC 
members against L-P entering its 
20th month. General President 
Campbell in a letter to each UBC 
local called on the membership 
throughout the country to initiate 
boycott activities at lumber dealers 
and stores carrying L-P wood prod- 
ucts in their area. Citing the boy- 
cott's current successes in curtail- 
ing L-P's distribution system, 
Campbell said that an aggressive 
national boycott effort would "se- 
verely cripple" L-P. In a recent 
release to the press, Campbell cited 
over two hundred retail stores which 
had stopped selling L-P wood prod- 
ucts following UBC boycott hand- 
billing and picketing. 

In order to increase the boycott 
activities at retailers of L-P prod- 
ucts, an "Adopt a Lumber Store" 
program is being established. Each 
local union in the Brotherhood is 
asked to identify a lumber or home 
products store which sells L-P wood 
products in its area. A quick visit 
to an area lumber dealer will enable 
one to determine if unfair L-P wood 
products are sold. L-P brand name 
products include: L-P Wolmanized; 
Cedartone; Waferwood; Fibrepine; 
Oro-Bord; Sidex; Ketchikan; Pabco; 
Xonolite; L-P-X; L-P Forester, and 
L-P Home Centers. Boycott activ- 
ities conducted in accordance with 
the guidelines that have been estab- 
lished for the campaign should be- 
gin at identified stores and be con- 
ducted on a regular basis. 

Employer attacks on workers' 

TO: AU UBC Locals 
FROM: Patrick J. CampbeU 
RE: Louisiana-Pac^ic Strike 

As you know, 1,500 of our brothers and sisters in the Pacific Northwest 
have been on strike against Louisiana-Pacific Corporation Jar over 19 
months. Many of you have responded whole-heartedly to the call for 
support of these workers in their struggle. Your financial support has 
helped these workers endure tremendous hardships. Your words of en- 
couragement, moral support, and hard work on their behalf has bol- 
stered the determination of these strikers committed to protecting their 
livelihoods and that of their families. For all of this, I express my deepest 
personal appreciation. 

Thefight is Jar from over. Each local union in this Brotherhood, indeed 
each member of this organization, can and must play a role in this fight. 
The L-P strike poses a challenge we all must respond to. 

The Brotherhood initiated a boycott of L-P wood products sold 
throughout the country nearly one year ago. Due to the hard work of 
members in areas such as Texas, Minnesota, the West Coast, New York 
and New England, we have had a significant impact on the sales of L-P 
products. We must, however, get everyone more actively involved in the 
boycott. As an orgaization with membership in every state of the union, 
we have the potential to severely cripple this company with our "Don't 
Buy" effort. 

To establish this nationwide presence, we are initiating an "ADOPT A 
LUMBER STORE" program. The idea is simple: each construction and 
industrial local in the Brotherhood should identify a local retail store in 
its Jurisdiction selling L-P wood products and begin regular boycott 
activities in accordance with instructions we will mail to you. Visit the 
stores in your area.find one selling L-P products, let us know the store 
name and address and we'll provide all the boycott literature you'll need. 

I've committed the Brotherhood to fighting L-P for one simple reason: 
L-P is attempting to destroy the livelihoods of our brothers and sisters in 
the Pacyic Northwest. Other forest products corpdrations are watching 
our struggle against L-P very closely. We must show every and any 
employer in this country that we will respond in force whenever any of 
our members are challenged. Throughout the country, our members face 
threats in both the construction and industrial sectors. There are many 
problems that need answers. One of the answers is clear: we must 
respond to our problems as a Brotherhood united. This union is only as 
strong as its membership. If together we canfight L-P and win, together 
we can face any challenge from anyone. 



livelihoods, such as at L-P, are 
growing increasingly common in the 
current political and economic en- 
vironment. In the forest products 
industry, the problems are not con- 
fined to L-P nor to the production 
side of the industry. While other 
producers in the industry talk of 
taking L-P's lead against its pro- 
duction workers, the nearly $7 bil- 
lion of new plant construction 
planned in the industry in 1985 will 
be let to nonunion general contrac- 
tors. The problems in the forest 
products industry which UBC 
members, other production unions, 
and Building Trades unions gener- 
ally face are pervasive and demand 
an aggressive unified labor re- 

The UBC General Executive 
Board, at its recent winter meeting, 
voted to intensify the boycott effort 
against Louisiana-Pacific products. 
In addition to the "Adopt a Lumber 
Store"" program previously men- 
tioned, the Board voted to declare 
Saturday, May 4, 1985, as "L-P 
Boycott Day,'" and it calls upon the 
entire North American labor move- 
ment to join in a demonstrated sol- 
idarity on that day. 

Al lop, Dick Kane, Wesley Johnson, and 
David Coverston, all meml^ers of IWA Lo- 
cal 3-469. display sif;ns at Mendo Mill and 
Lumber Co., Willils. In picluie below, 
Johnson and Coverston are joined by 
Christina Couthrn. 

On the opposite pane, from left: William 
Harman, president LPIW Local 2882, 
Santa Rosa Calif.: Marlene Bashore. wife 
of Rep. Norman Bashore: and Kim Vagi, 
UBC Local 751 at the Yeager and Kirk 
Store, Ukiah, Calif.: Boh Ditryea. Local 
751 : UBC Rep. Bashore: David Coverston 
and Kenneth Alfaro of IWA. 


New U.S. Tax Proposals Have Some 
Troublesome Provisions For Workers 

As the new Congress returns to face 
some very difficult economic problems 
generated by the Reagan Administra- 
tion's massive federal budget deficits, 
middle class workers and the working 
poor could once again be asked to pay 
the bill for economic recovery. While tax 
alternatives are still surfacing, the var- 
ious "tax simplification" schemes dis- 
cussed to date merit close scrutiny, as 
the promise of lower tax rates does not 
necessarily translate into lower taxes for 
working families. 

The Reagan Treasury Department tax 
proposal contains a laundry list of pro- 
posals which are hostile to the interests 
of working men and women. Particularly 
troublesome provisions include those 
calling for the taxation of important fringe 
benefits such as health and life insurance, 
child care, employer paid educational 
training, and group legal services plans. 
Caps of $175 per month for family plans 
and $70 for individual plans would be 
placed on employer contributions to 
worker health and safety plans, with 
contribution amounts exceeding those 
limitations charged to workers as taxable 
income. Employer contributions for life 
insurance policies would likewise be 
treated as taxable income. Any payment 
for employer provided legal services, 
child care services, or commuting ex- 
penses would all be taxable to the em- 
ployee as current income. The impact of 
such proposals would be not only to raise 
the taxes of many workers, but would 
also force the curtailment or modification 
of many fringe benefit plans. 

The Treasury proposal goes further by 
calling for the taxation of unemployment 
compensation and the benefits provided 
to the disabled under workers' compen- 
sation. The elimination of the deduction 
for state and local taxes, and the cur- 
tailment of charitable deductions will also 
significantly affect many workers. Many 
of these same provisions and others will 
also be part of "tax reform" and "tax 
simplification" proposals advanced by 

Congressional members on both sides of 
the aisle. 
American workers have already paid 
Continued nn Page 24 


Wnte your Congressman a letter 
of protest like the one below. 


U.S. House of Representatives 
Washington. D.C. 20515 

Dear Representative : 

I am writing to express my con- 
cern about several of the tax pro- 
posals being considered in Con- 
gress. 1 am aware of the great 
problems caused by the tremen- 
dous federal deficit, because as a 
worker, high unemployment and 
high interest rates have been par- 
ticularly hard. The solution to our 
deficit problems is not more taxes 
on working people and their fam- 
ilies. I am totally opposed to pro- 
posals to tax health and welfare 
and other fringe benefits for which 
workers have worked hard and on 
which they depend so much. Tax- 
ing benefits such as health and 
welfare, life insurance, child care, 
group legal services, workers' 
compensation, and unemploy- 
ment payments is not fair. 

I hope you agree with me, and will 
strongly oppose proposals to in- 
crease taxes on working Ameri- 
cans, who always have been will- 
ing to pay their fair share. Please 
let me know how you feel on the 
issue of new taxes. Thank you. 



Cooperation, Inc. 
Receives Top '84 Grant 

Two Jointly^Funded 
Colorado Labor-Mgt. 
Committees Set Trends 

Cooperation, Inc., the jointly-funded, la- 
bor-management cooperation committee of 
the Colorado Centennial District Council of 
Carpenters and the Colorado Construction 
Contractors Group, was recently awarded a 
$93,156 grant by the Federal Mediation and 
Conciliation Service (FMCS) Labor-Man- 
agement Programs Department. 

The grant, the largest awarded any labor- 
management committee last year, is part of 
the relatively small $1,000,000 total package 
available from the FMCS. Two Operation 
Turnaround Labor-Management Commit- 
tees have been awarded grants from the 
FMCs: "Excel" which is a Building Trades 
and management committee in Portland, 
Ore., and "Cooperation, Inc.", a carpenter/ 
millwright and contractor association com- 
mittee based in Denver, Colo. 

Colorado boasts two innovative and func- 
tioning labor-management cooperation com- 
mittees: Cooperation, Inc., and the Asso- 
ciated General Contractors' Labor-Man- 
agement Cooperation Committee (AGC 
LMCC), also in Denver. 

Berthoud, Colo. , Local 5 10 Business Rep- 
resentative Gary Knapp played a major role 
in the creation of both committees. Brother 
Knapp spent months hammering home the 
importance of promoting union construction 
to the consumer/user through the vehicle of 
joint labor-management cooperation. He did 
this on the district council delegation level 
with the association and with members at- 
tending local union meetings as well. Knapp 
reports that a great deal of effort on both 
the district council and management sides 
was required to implement the jointly funded 

Today the AGC LMCC is well on the way 
to accomplishing its initial goals. Three 30 
second audio tapes have been produced and 

Pictured at FMCS award ceremony from left to right: John Donlon. Colorado Building 
Trades Council executive director: Willie E. Anthony, Cooperation, Inc., executive direc- 
tor: Representative Patricia Schroeder of Colorado: Kay McMurray. FMCS executive 
director: James Howell, James R. Howell & Co.; and Forrest Crouse, business manager, 
Colorado Centennial District Council of Carpenters. 

are being aired on local radio stations at 6:30 
a.m. and 4:30 p.m. each day in Denver. The 
tapes extol the advantages of working and 
building union to listeners going to and from 

Also, this pace-setting committee is de- 
veloping apprentice-education programs 
dealing with such subjects as safety, the real 
costs of doing business, union history, and 
structure, among others. The AGC LMCC 
is directed by Bill Stnegel. 

Cooperation. Inc., on the other hand, has 
focused its attention on productivity and 
specifically the reduction of unexcused ab- 
sences in the construction work place per- 
taining to the jurisdictions of the carpenters 
in Colorado and millwrights in Colorado and 

Executive Director Willie E. Anthony re- 
ports the Committee is implementing Quality 

Circles (QCs) at selected job-sites in piloting 
an industry-wide Absentee Prevention-Pro- 
gram. QCs, Anthony reports, are estab- 
lished to allow employees to participate in 
the decision-making process as a means of 
increasing productivity and the quality of 
services the industry provides. QCs include 
labor and management employees and are 
designed to accommodate the ever-chang- 
ing-workplace nature of the construction 

The Federal Mediation and Conciliation 
Service in Washington. D.C., is accepting 
grant proposal applications from now until 
May 10, 1985. Innovative, well-organized 
and goal oriented Labor-Management Co- 
operation Committees will be considered for 
grant awards. For further information con- 
tact the FMCS in Washington or your Or- 
ganizing Department in the General Office. 



Turnaround At Oregon Mill 

Members of Local 3009. Portland, Ore., 
of the Lumber. Production, and Industrial 
Workers, at the Gregory Forest mill in Glen- 
dale, Ore., took a $l-an-hour cut in pay to 
help make improvements in the mill equip- 
ment possible. Eight new steam chests, which 
can heat logs to almost 200 degrees resulting 
in higher grade veneer and less waste, were 
added to the mill this past fall. 

Dick Gregory, owner of Gregory Timber, 
explained, "If it hadn't been for the under- 
standing and sacrifice of those who work in 
the mill — not only would the project not 
have been built, but Gregory Timber would 
have been forced to close the doors." 

The increased productivity and higher 
quality is expected to result in a $4,000-a- 
day savings. The workers will be paid a 30% 
bonus from these savings up to the point 
that they recover their $1 per hour rollback, 
and 10% of the savings from that point 

S & B James Construction Company was 
credited with implementing the concepts and 
techniques of cooperation and employee 
involvement, combined with sharp manage- 

More than too peo- 
ple gathered at the 
Gregory Forest 
Products Mill to 
n-itness the dedica- 
tion of eight new 
steam chests. 

i ^ -^^f 

Marvin Hall, e.xeciitive secretary of the 
Oregon State District Council, right, pre- 
sented a plaque honoring the union 
workers of S & B James Construction 
Company. Jim Fox, left, is research coor- 
dinator for the Oregon State District 

ment skills to complete the project 23 days 
ahead of schedule. Sam James is a member 
of the EXCEL Labor Management Com- 
mittee. A bonusof $2,000aday wasawarded 
to the James Construction Company for its 
speedy work. A penalty of $4,000 would 
have been charged for each late day. James 
Construction finished 23 days ahead of 

Marvin Hall, executive secretary-treas- 
urer of the Oregon State District Council of 
Carpenters, was called to the podium to 
present to Sam James a plaque which read: 
"On this, the sixth day of August, 1984, the 
Oregon State District Council of Carpenters, 
in recognition of outstanding performance 
and quality construction, presents this Award 
of Excellence to Sam James and Crew, of S 
& B James Construction Co., for work 
performed on the Gregory Timber Resources 
Project. Glendale, Ore. 

Hall explained that Sam James is a mem- 
ber of the EXCEL Labor Management Com- 
mittee and that by implementing the con- 
cepts and techniques of cooperation and 
employee involvement combined with sharp 
management skills proved that union con- 
tractors can save money without sacrificing 
quality or exploiting construction workers. 

James, in accepting the award, thanked 
his crew for a job well done, and his suppliers 
and subcontractors for their cooperation. 

"This is a common-sense approach to 
construction problems and 1 hope that this 
is just the beginning of what can be accom- 
plished through EXCEL and a cooperative 
effort," said James. 

Highlighting the agenda, the guest of honor, 
Oregon Governor Vic Atiyeh. was intro- 
duced to the assembly and congratulated 
Sam James and the workers at the mill for 
their accomplishment. 

Durst Named 
To OSHA Group 

Reciprocals in 
l\/iontana, Too 

Union Industries 
In Milwaukee 

The Occupational Safety and Health 
Administration has appointed Joseph L. 
Durst, the United Brotherhood's director of 
occupational safety and health, to its Advi- 
sory Committee on Construction Safety and 

Other labor members on the 15-member 
panel include Iron Workers Vice President 
Robert E.P. Cooney; Joe A. Adam, safety 
and health director. Plumbers and Pipefit- 
ters; Jim E. Lapping, safety and health 
director, AFL-CIO Building and Construc- 
tion Trades Dept.; and George E. Smith, 
safety director. Electrical Workers. 

In the December, 1984, Carpenter we 
published the latest list of Unitfed Brother- 
hood Reciprocal Agreements under the Pro- 
Rata Pension Plan (Pages 12-15). We should 
have repeated one three-state agreement 
under each state titling. Our apologies for 
not doing so. The Washington-Idaho-Mon- 
tana Carpenters Employment Retirement 
Trust covers many members in all three 
states and is located at E. 123 Indiana St., 
P.O. Box 5434, Spokane. Wash. 99205. For 
the list of local unions covered by this 
agreement see Page 15 of the December 

The 1985 AFL-CIO Union Industries Show 
will be held March 29-April 3 at Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin's MECCA Convention Hall. The 
40th edition of the mammoth labor-manage- 
ment exposition of American-made products 
and services returns to the Wisconsin city 
after an absence of 10 years. The Milwaukee 
District Council of Carpenters, working with 
the UBC General Office, will be a major 
exhibitor. There will also be exhibits by 
Glass Bottle Blowers, Bakers, Electrical 
Workers, and many other skilled trades. 
Admission is free. Show hours are 1 p.m. 
to 10 p.m. each day. 



1]C®\5^ Io)®^@®t5'g< 

^^m ©®®oq®ouqS© Stasias©© 

One of the most effective way unions have found 
to help win their struggles for economic justice has 
been through product boycotts in the marketplace. 

Boycotts helped the Amalgamated Clothing Work- 
ers win their long strike against Farah Manufacturing 
Co. a decade ago. Boycotts helped a coalition of 
unions win a fair settlement with General Electric 
Co. in 1970. Boycotts helped the United Rubber 
Workers win a major strike. And, of course, who 
will ever forget the epic grape (and lettuce) boycotts 
conducted by the United Farm Workers? 

The use of the word "boycott" developed from 
the sufferings of Irish peasant farmers during the late 
19th Century. A land agent named Boycott, repre- 
senting British landlords, was notorious for the star- 
vation wages he paid, and for his frequent evictions 
of poor farmers for petty reasons. 

In 1880, as a last desperate measure, the peasants 
of County Mayo decided to cease all services to the 
Boycott family — and thereby boycott them. The Irish 
Land League, an organization protesting evictions, 
made use of the new tactic and widened its use to a 
refusal to purchase goods produced by unfair em- 

One of the first early American uses of the boycott 
came years before the American Revolution. Colo- 
nists were very unhappy with certain British actions, 
such as the Stamp Act of 1765, and decided to 
retaliate by refusing to import British goods — a boy- 
cott. The Boston Tea Party of 1773 was itself an 
effort to enforce a boycott on British tea. 

A boycott poster of the Revolutionary War era 

"It is desired that the Sons of Liberty would 
not buy any one thing of them (names of 
merchants) for in so doing they will bring 
disgrace upon themselves forever and ever. 

The boycott was used early in 1834 by striking 
shoe binders and cordwainers in Lynn, Mass., urging 
that the citizens of Lynn should not patronize the 
shoe manufacturers. The technique was refined later 
in the 19th Century when "sentinels" (today known 
as informational pickets) were stationed near the 

stores of offending merchants "notifying people of 
the facts." 

The Knights of Labor during the 1880s and 1890s 
made extensive use of the boycott, preferring it to 

The main shortcoming of the boycott during the 
late 19th Century was that too many firms were 
boycotted at one time. In 1889, for example, 196 
firms were boycotted across the U.S. at one time. 

When the boycotts were declared by labor unions 
against suppliers of basic necessities (like food and 
clothing), chances for success were high. But boy- 
cotts by unorganized workers usually fell short of 
their objectives. 

Despite the problems of overuse that limited the 
effectiveness of boycotts, U.S. manufacturers joined 
together in an Anti-Boycott Association and at- 
tempted to eliminate boycotts in the courts. Two 
cases during the first decade of the 1900s severely 
limited organized labor's ability to use the boycott. 

The Buck's Stove Company of St. Louis, Mo., 
was boycotted in 1907 by the AF of L for unfairness 
to its workers, members of several metal trades 
unions including the Molders and Polishers. A court 
injunction stopped the union boycott and later re- 
sulted in "contempt" convictions against Samuel 
Gompers and other union leaders. 

The Hatters ofDanbury. Conn., sought to organize 
the Loewe hat firm of that city, but the company 
refused to recognize the union. Workers organized 
a boycott and it was going well. So the company 
went to court and charged that "restraint of trade" 
was a violation of the Sherman Anti-trust Act. The 
courts agreed and awarded the company treble dam- 
ages — at the union's expense. 

Court decisions such as these virtually eliminated 
the boycott as a retaliatory tool of workers until 
passage of the Norris-LaGuardia Act of 1932, which 
limited ability of courts to issue injunctions against 
boycotts. It was because of political action by unions 
that workers could continue boycotts when needed. 

American workers have always sought to use their 
power as consumers to further their economic inter- 
ests. It is only through the political process, however, 
that the freedom to boycott unfair employers has 
been protected. 



Organizing Director Parker doing what lie does best: delivering tlie message 

Director of Organizing James A. 
"Jim" Parker stepped down from his 
last post with the United Brotherhood 
of Carpenters and Joiners of America 
January 30. The UBCJA bids adieu to 
one of the driving forces behind the 
Brotherhood's 105 years of progress. 
Parker leaves behind him a legacy of 
UBC institutions — Voluntary Organiz- 
ing Committees [VOC], UBC member- 
ship in the Industrial Union Depart- 
ment, and Operation Turnaround, to 
name only three. 

Born September 8, 1916, in Claren- 
don County, S.C, Parker started work 
at an early age, following the Depres- 
sion of 1929, which forced his father to 
leave the farm and take a job at a 
sawmill — $1 .50 for a 10-hour day. Young 
Jim started his working career as a 
tadder in a stave mill — 75(i! a day. He 
later found work at a furniture manu- 
facturing plant in Sumter, S.C, and 
joined UBC Local 1992 during a UBC 
organizing drive of the company. Initial 
success of the union raised wages from 
10 to 20(i! an hour, but the success was 
short-lived following a determined ef- 
fort by management to destroy the newly- 
formed local. 

Jim sold insurance for a short time, 
then returned to the field of carpentry. 
On January 21, 1941, he joined Local 
159. Charleston, S.C. He was elected 
recording secretary, and during the next 
few years he also served as secretary 
of the Charleston Central Labor Union 
and as managing editor of The South 
Carolina Labor News. 

In November, 1945, he was elected 

In the pictures above. Parker speaks to 
gatherings of local representatives in the 
General Office auditorium. In the middle 
picture, he and Gen. Rep. Al Rodriguez, 
left, meet with Puerto Rican UBC leaders. 
In the lower picture, Parker discusses the 
progress of young Alice Perkins with her 
mother at a fund-raising auction for Alice 
in Tennessee. 

financial secretary of Local 159. In 1947 
he was appointed an AFL organizer by 
the AFL's southern director. Within a 
couple months, Jim moved from this 
appointment to accept one from then 
General President M.A. Hutcheson to 
be an organizer-representative for the 
United Brotherhood. 

Ten years later, April 1, 1957. Jim 
Parker was transferred to Atlanta, Ga., 
as assistant to the director of the South- 
ern States Organizing Office. When the 
director position became vacant in 1961, 
Parker was appointed regional director 
of the Brotherhood's Southern States 
Organizing Office. 

In May, 1972. when Anthony "Pete" 
Ochocki stepped down from his posi- 
tion as UBC Director of Organizing to 
fill the post of Third District Board 
Member, Jim Parker was appointed to 
fill the vacancy. 

All along his UBC career, Jim con- 
tinued to learn. He has taken courses 
in personnel management, architecture, 
furniture designing and building, con- 
tracting, and estimating. In 1960, fol- 
lowing a study of law, he received his 
bachelor of law degree from the Black- 
stone School of Law. He is also a life 
member of Hammerton Masonic Lodge 
No. 332, N.C., S.C. 

Jim Parker has had the honor of 
serving under five general presidents, 
"Bill" Hutcheson to General President 
Pat Campbell, in several capacities, not 
the least of which he currently leaves — 
directing a continent-wide staff of field 
organizers. He assisted at the 1983 
Continued on Page 38 





The Canadian federal government has decided to 
wait one year before considering pension income 
as earnings when determining eligibility for unem- 
ployment insurance, Employment Minister Flora 
MacDonald has announced. 

And a similar provision regarding severance pay 
will be delayed until next April 1 for workers not 
covered by collective agreements. For those cov- 
ered by a collective agreement, the existing regula- 
tions concerning severance pay will apply over the 
life of any agreement signed before December 31 . 

The government announced in its November 8 
economic statment that it intended to count employ- 
ment pension income and separation payments as 
earnings when determining an individual's eligibility 
for unemployment insurance benefits. 

Ottawa hoped to save $90 million in 1 985-86 by 
reducing the jobless benefits by at least a percent- 
age of the pension or separation payments. 


The Ontario Federation of Labor will launch a 
public campaign to back demands for a shorter 
work week with no reduction in pay as a way of 
creating jobs. 

Delegates to the federation's annual convention 
last November adopted a comprehensive statement 
on economic security, calling for reduced work 
hours, more government intervention in the econ- 
omy, portable pensions, the right to strike for all 
workers, and control by workers over technological 

"The Ontario Federation of Labor will actively or- 
ganize to co-ordinate community action groups and 
coalitions at the municipal, regional, and provincial 
levels around the issues of unemployment, job se- 
curity, job creation, and support of those victimized 
by government and business policies which attack 
the fundamental rights of workers," the statement 

The statement said that labor legislation must 
ban the practice of contracting out union jobs to 
non-union firms and "all plant shutdowns must be 
fully justified before a public tribunal." 

The policy also called for a rise in the minimum 
wage, which the OFL has said before should be 
$5.75 an hour. It is now $4. 


The productivity of Canadian workers has in- 
creased at a faster pace than that of their U.S. 
counterparts for the second consecutive year. 

Statistics Canada figures show that productivity, 
measured as the output per manhour worked, in- 
creased by 3.2% in Canada in 1983 following a 
marginal gain of 0.1% in 1982. That compares with 
a more modest 2.7% increase in the productivity of 
U.S. workers last year and a fractional 0.1% decline 
in 1982. 

And the unit labor cost — a measure of the cost of 
labor per unit of real output — rose by 2.1% in Can- 
ada, compared with a 2.3% increase in the United 
States. That is a turnaround from 1982 when the 
unit labor cost rose by 1 0.9% in Canada, compared 
with 7.9% in the United States. 

The latest figures show that while the output of 
U.S. industry increased at a faster pace than that of 
Canadian industry, a slight decline in the number of 
man-hours worked in Canada compared with an 
increase in man-hours worked in the United States 
"produced a higher growth in productivity in Canada 
than the United States." 

Over the past 36 years, the average annual rates 
of growth have been 3.6% in Canada and 2.5% in 
the United States. 


Sixty-two percent of Canadians think unions are 
too powerful and that view is held in 47% of the 
households having at least one union member, ac- 
cording to a Gallup poll released recently. 

Fifty-two percent felt that opinions expressed by 
union leaders are not necessarily shared by the 
rank-and-file membership. 

Despite this, 51 % of those interviewed across 
Canada felt that unions generally had a beneficial 
effect on the country. 

Five years ago, when a similar poll was con- 
ducted, 68% of Canadians believed unions were 
too powerful. Fifty-eight percent felt union leaders' 
views did not reflect those of the general member- 

Forty-three percent of non-union households to- 
day believe unions are a good thing for the country. 
In union-member households, the figure was 72%. 


Unionized firms can't spin off non-union fran- 
chises in Canada. 

The Ontario Labor Relations Board has ruled that 
Mr. Grocer, a discount franchise supermarket chain 
spun off from Dominion Stores Ltd., one of Cana- 
da's biggest supermarket chains, is bound by Do- 
minion's labor contract with the Retail Store Work- 
ers union. The board said that a unionized parent 
company shouldn't "circumvent bargaining rights" 
by diverting customers to a nonunion subsidiary. 

Some Dominion workers were rehired at lower 
wages when their money-losing stores were con- 
verted to Mr. Grocer franchises last year. The board 
ruled that such workers may have a monetary claim 
against the company. Dominion plans to appeal the 
decision to the Supreme Court of Ontario, but said 
it could close all 36 stores in Ontario if the ruling is 



^ajOK^fEr.^.i? *.-*. 


North Cesitral Northeast 




Populations of the West and South are 
expected to swell significantly by the 
year 2000, while the Northeast's population 
will shrink. Each region's projected change 
is indicated by its size on the map. 



Where Americans will be 
housed after the Year 2000 

By Barbara S. Moffet 

National Geoigraphic News Service 

When New York architect Donna 
Goodman thinks of 21st-century Amer- 
ica, she sees cities afloat on the oceans. 

Designed like oil rigs, extending from 
the sea floor to several stories above 
the surface, the cities she envisions 
house 20,000 to 30,000 people. ' "There 
would be whole complexes with indus- 
tries, universities, even resorts, all con- 
nected by bridges and equipped with 
ports," says Goodman, whose study of 
philosophy guides her designs for the 

But her vision of floating cities is 
based more on practicality than philos- 
ophy. By the first half of the next 
century, some futurists predict, the sea's 

raw materials will be in heavy demand, 
and economics will require on-the-spot 
facilities for extracting minerals, man- 
ufacturing drugs, refining energy, and 
cultivating fish. 


Houston architect Larry Bell fore- 
sees steady movement of Americans to 
deserts, the Arctic and Antarctic re- 
gions, and outer space. "As Earth's 
accessible resources are depleted, there 
will be more interest in hostile environ- 
ments," Bell says. 

Most experts agree that American 
settlements in space are only a question 
of time. The goal of the L-5 Society of 

Tucson, Ariz., for example, is to hold 
a meeting up there someday. 

Other projections are more earth- 
bound. One of them envisions housing 
for thousands, perched on gigantic, 
bridgelike structures spanning water- 
ways or overcrowded cities and acces- 
sible by super-elevators. 

The majority of Americans, however, 
will continue to dwell on the ground 
level of mainland U.S.A. But several 
trends are pushing populations in new 
directions and scrambling traditional 
settlement patterns. 

During the 1970s, for the first time in 
more than a century, the rural areas of. 
the United States grew faster than met- 



ropolitan areas. Today, for the first time 
in history, more than half of the U.S. 
population lives in the South and West. 

Divorces are at an all-time high, 
household sizes hovering at an all-time 
low. And the age distribution is odd — 
a bulge of people born during the post- 
World-War-II baby boom sandwiched 
between smaller numbers of older and 
younger people. Aged baby-boomers 
will help raise the median age to 41 in 
the year 2030, compared with 28 in 

But just when demographers thought 
they had established the country's new 
direction for the future — away from 
cities and toward rural areas — an old 
trend reappeared. Census Bureau fig- 
ures for the early 1980s show metro- 
politan areas gaining faster than rural 


"I suspect the move-to-the-country 
phenomenon was short-lived," says 
Richard A. Engels, assistant chief of 
the population division of the Census 

But other demographers say rural 
areas will continue to draw people at 
the expense of cities, for a variety of 

"If you ask in surveys where people 
would prefer to live, they express a 
much greater preference for rural life- 
styles than for big cities," says Dr. 
Larry Long of the Census Bureau's 
Center for Demographic Studies. Rising 
affluence, he says, will free some future 
Americans from the congestion, pollu- 
tion, and crime that lower the quality 
of life in many big cities. 

The U.S. economy, in metamorpho- 
sis from an industry-based system to a 
service-oriented one, is altering work- 
ers' living patterns. Densely packed 
Northern cities are less appropriate for 
today's society, in which more than 
half the jobs require no regular supply 
of raw materials. 

"Today's workers don't have to gather 
around resources like coal, iron, rail- 
roads, or shipping lanes," Long says. 
"You can manufacture silicon chips 
almost anywhere." 

Sophisticated communications sys- 
tem are helping spread people even 
more widely apart, just as transporta- 
tion developments, chiefly superhigh- 
ways, helped create urban sprawl after 
World War IL 

"The information revolution is con- 
tinuing what the car and electricity did 
to spread the population out," says Dr. 
William Alonso of Harvard Universi- 
ty's Center for Population Studies. "For 
example, call a company's 800 phone 
number, and the operator may be 

Honeywell Inc. is typical of the frag- 

mentation. Fewer than one-fifth of its 
94.000 employees live and work in Min- 
neapolis, the company's headquarters 
city. Its products — computers, auto- 
mated control systems, and weapons — 
are made at plants scattered around the 
globe, and employees communicate by 
phone, electronic mail, and teleconfer- 


"Telecommuters." people who work 
mostly at home, using telephone-linked 
computers, may take some of the sting 
out of future rush hours. They may live 
in "intelligent" houses whose computer 
"brains" automatically control the in- 
terior environment, from thermostats 
to stove burners. 

Today's family room may be tomor- 
row's "media room." where the family 
will gather to use telecommunications 
and electronic-entertainment devices, 
suggests Washington architect Roy Ma- 
son. As the room's walls change color — 
the computer's response to the resi- 
dents' changing moods — another part 
of the house brain might be scanning 
computerized lists of repairmen to fix 
a newly detected leak in the roof. 

Americans who leave the house for 
work or entertainment won't have far 
to go, according to the scenario outlined 
by Dr. Charles L. Leven, director of 
Washington University's Institute for 
Urban and Regional Studies in St. Louis. 

Future metropolises, he says, will 
likely consist of chains of small, com- 
pact residential and employment cen- 
ters. Some of the chains will be several 
hundred miles long. Much of the land 
between centers will be dedicated to 
rural uses such as farming. 

It's not so much that people are 
returning to rural life, Leven believes, 
but that the metropolises are displacing 
the countryside. Nearly all of the next 
century's farmers will live in these "ur- 
ban" areas, and by 2020 the concept of 
suburbs will be obsolete, he predicts. 

Some cities in the Southwest, the 
nation's fastest-growing region, already 
have the sprawling look of the future. 
Long of the Census Bureau sees hope 
for some of today's withering cities, 
but believes the disparity between de- 
clining Northern cities and boom towns 
of the South and West will continue 
into the 21st century. 


The Census Bureau forecasts that the 
West will still lead in population growth, 
followed by the South. Expansion of 
the Northeast and North Central re- 
gions is expected to be negligible. 

California will still be the most pop- 
ulous state in 2000, the bureau says, 

but Texas and Florida are expected to 
push New York from second down to 
fourth place. Alaska will lose the dis- 
tinction of having the nation's tiniest 
population; Vermont is projected to be 
at the bottom in 2000. 

In terms of percentage growth, Ne- 
vada will expand fastest between now 
and 2000, followed by Wyoming, Ari- 
zona, and Utah, according to census 

Is Nevada ready? "We welcome new 
industry, but we want to preserve Ne- 
vada's unique lifestyle and not end up 
with huge metropolitan areas and their 
accompanying traffic and smog," says 
Karen Galatz, executive aide to Nevada 
Gov. Richard Bryan. 

Population growth is already taxing 
some city services to the limit. Phoenix, 
for example, swelled by more than 1,000 
percent between 1940 and 1980, from 
65,414 to 789,704. Pima County. Ariz., 
which includes Tucson, is expected to 
triple in population in the next 50 years. 

"No area can grow in the manner of 
many Southern and Western cities with- 
out taking on the disadvantages of the 
North and East," says Calvin L. Beale, 
head of the population section of the 
U.S. Agriculture Department's Eco- 
nomic Research Service. 

Beale says the glow of the Sun Belt 
won't totally obliterate the North. "In- 
diana and Ohio aren't going straight to 
hell," he says. "They're already work- 
ing hard to develop alternate sources 
of employment and deal with their dis- 

Even in Texas, one of the top three 
states in population growth, some res- 
idents are questioning the value of big- 
ness. "People in Houston are saying 
that if they had wanted to live in L.A., 
they would have moved there in the 
first place." says Long of the Census 
Bureau. And the three-county area en- 
compassing Austin, Tex., a longtime 
resister of growth, is expected to double 
in population by 2000, reaching more 
than 1 million. 


New Mexico might be near the top 
of the next century's growth list, when 
its wide-open spaces inherit the disen- 
chanted overflow from neighboring 
Texas and Arizona, Long predicts. 

Water shortages are already casting 
doubt on the future growth of some Sun 
Belt states, especially Florida. But Long 
discounts forecasts that depleted water 
supplies will drive the population out 
of the region in the next century. 

"I don't adopt the gloomy scenario 
that one day in 2020, people in Arizona 
will turn on the water faucet, nothing 

Continued on Page 38 



German Labor Leader Visits UBC 





Georg Voss of Frankfurt . Germany, second from right in the 
picture, a labor leader of West Germany in the construction 
trades, was a recent visitor to the UBC General Offices in 
Washington, D.C., where he met with the resident officers and 
discussed mutual labor-management and governmental con- 
cerns. Voss was accompanied by a translator, right, and was 
visiting America under the auspices of the AFL-CIO Interna- 
tional Relations Office. 

Stewards Train, NE Illinois 

Millwrights and Machinery Erectors Local 1693, Northeast Illi- 
nois, conducted its annual presentation of certificates of com- 
pletion to those members who have completed our current stew- 
ards training program. Receiving certificates, left to right, 
seated: Richard Momper. John Lodewyck, Joseph Digirolamo. 
Richard Vincent. Ken Meissner. Standing, left to right: Leonard 
Barnickel. John Burdew. William Gundich. financial secretary: 
Ronald Miller. Thomas Rush Jr.. trustee: Willaim Cook, execu- 
tive vice president, Chicago and Northeast Illinois District 
Council: W. Bud Hine. business manager. Local 1693: and Earl 
Oliver, president and business representative. 

Lake County Stewards Train 

Stewards of Local 250. Lake County. III., recently underwent 
training in Waukegan. Participants are shown in the accompa- 
nying picture. First row, from left: Wally Smith, Larry Kelly. 
Richard Wirtala. and Howard Meyer. Second row: Carl Roy. 
Raymond Geryol. Richard Hunt, and Jon Ward, business man- 
ager. Third row: Jack DuFour, Paid Verenski, William Allie, 
Jerry Senica. and Terry Berrong. 


In The News 

Luge Team Competitor 

Charlie Childs, a member of Local 120. Utica, N.Y., was 
recently featured in the Utica Evening Telegram for his dedication 
to making the 1988 Olympics as a member of the U.S. luge team. 
"The sport requires great upper body 
strength, you're on a 1,000 meter track at 
speeds exceeding 65 miles per hour, and you 
have to be tense and relaxed at the same 
time," says Childs. Perhaps the most difficult 
^tg^ f part is knowing when to move. "Any move 
l^^l can make all the difference in the world. It 

can make the sled tip. You have to know what 
to do, and use peripheral vision while keeping 
your head back all the time." 

Expenses for training and competition are 
also a challenge. Knee pads, helmets, speed 
suits, and special footwear to keep your feet pointed for better 
balance are among the necessary equipment. And the Russians 
have made advancements in their pod design which American 
manufacturers have recently been able to duplicate. 

Tribune Tribute 

Robert Marks is illustrative of the many ways a career in 
carpentry can effect your life. He followed his dad and four 
brothers into the trade but was the only brother to stick it out and 
become a union officer like his father. He is presently the financial 
secretary for Local 2094, Forest Park, 111., and has been a member 
since he began his apprenticeship in 1945. The Chicago Tribune 
recently profiled Marks as a symbol of the importance of carpentry 
in the community. 

Not only did carpentry provide food and shelter for his family 
for 25 years, but Marks also saw a son, two sons-in-law, and a 
daughter take up housing-related careers. The daughter is a 
locksmith, the sons are carpenters. 

Marks recalls the days when a carpenter could provide for a 
household of four, and the tough times after World War II, but 
he says times today are really changing. The pattern is still the 
same, however. "You borrow through the winter and then work 
hard when March comes. By August, you've got your bills paid 
and you can start salting it away for the next winter. ..." 

But part of the thrill is gone. "It used to be that the last thing 
we did was hang the door knocker on the front door and put up 
the address number. . . . Today a lot of things are pre-made or 
component-built. I'm not knocking that, but the carpenters now 
just don't get the experience of working with those different types 
of things like cabinets and oak floors." 

Death March Survivor 

Stephen Lambathas finally received the recognition he deserved 
this past Veterans Day. Lambathas, a member of Local 921, 
Portsmouth, N.H., and 37-year member of the Brotherhood, 
received a Bronze Star medal, the lOth highest award given by 
the Army, at a Veterans Day ceremony at Pease Air Force Base. 
Newington. Lambathas, stationed in the Phiilipines with the Army 
Air Corps, survived the 140-miie Death March in 1942, and more 
than three years as a prisoner of war, when the U.S. surrendered 
the peninsula of Bataan to the Japanese. 

"The medal brings back memories." Lambathas said. "Is makes 
us feel like we weren't forgotten." 

Counterfeit Products and 

Both shirts shown here and the jacket on the left are 
counterfeit items. Customers both in the United States 
and abroad are being victimized by the rash of 
counterfeiting operations that are producing mer- 
chandise. Since U.S. manufacturers produce quality 
products and have worked hard to market them 
around the globe, U.S. parts are the most widely 
imitated. Sales of these shoddy imitations damage 
the hand earned reputation of the U.S. industry, and 
impair its ability to increase revenues and employ- 
ment through export growth. 

The jackets at right were both purchased 
from a street vendor in Hong Kong by a 
House staff member working on an inves- 
tigation of counterfeit goods. The light- 
colored jacket, far left, is a counterfeit, 
right down to the "Members Only" label 
on the breast pocket. The right jacket, 
while it appears identical at first glance, is 
not a counterfeit because it does not carry 
the "Members Only" tag; manufacturers 
cannot patent the design of an article of 
clothing. The counterfeit jacket is, com- 
paratively speaking, a good job. however 
there are three tell-tale signs to watch for: 
first, the ends of the straps that go around 
the collar are finished in an inferior way; 
secondly, the outside of the breast pocket 
on a real "Members Only" jacket has an 
extra stitching process called bar tacking 
to help the pocket stand up to normal 
wear and tear, but the counterfeiters have 
gone one better, their jacket has bar tack- 
ing on the inside and outside of the 
pocket; their third misstep was in forgeting 
the bar tacking at the base of the zipper. 
This will result in the zipper being torn out 
of the jacket easily with normal use. 

In addition to manufacturers who set out only lo counterfeit 
products, there are also those who simply over-run their con- 
tracted order for an extra profit on the black market. And, 
contrary to popular opinion, counterfeiters do not simply steal 
from the "status" labels, department stores like Sears, Caldor, 
and K-Mart have been victims of the thefts. 

While every counterfeited item has different "clues" to its 
illegal origin, the observant consumer can watch for cer- 
tain general signs. As a rule, counterfeit products are of 
inferior quality, and this is evidenced by sloppy stitching, 
cheaper fabrics, and less precise garment construction (for 
example, stripes on sleeves not matching the body of the 
garment). In jeans you'll often find counterfeiters omit the 
rivets at the corners of the pockets, making them more 
susceptible to tearing. 



Lost Jobs 

During the recent Christmas buying 
season, federal customs agents seized 
tens of thousands of bogus Cabbage 
Patch dolls around the country. In ad- 
dition to being counterfeit, some of the 
dolls were dangerously flammable. 

Lurking beneath the often light- 
hearted media reports about the cute, 
but phony. Cabbage Patch kids lies an 
ugly story of multibillion dollar con- 
sumer ripoffs, injuries, deaths, and lost 

The United States has become the 
world's largest market for a growing 
underground business of passing off 
shoddy, and often hazardous, merchan- 
dise as trusted trademarked products. 
Bogus goods cost U.S. companies at 
least $8 billion annually in lost domestic 
and foreign sales, which translates into 
more than 130,000 lost jobs each year, 
according to the International Trade 
Commission (ITC). 

Consumers here and abroad are de- 
frauded of billions of dollars by com- 
mercial counterfeiters who operate at 
little risk and profit richly from the good 
name or status appeal of the brands 
they copy. Consumers use many of 
these products daily: watches, designer 
jeans, luggage, golf clubs, cough med- 
icine, even deodorant. 

Counterfeit industrial goods are also 
booming here. The U.S. auto parts 
industry has been especially hard hit, 
losing an estimated $3 billion a year to 
fake and substandard oil filters, spark 
plugs, and many other products. These 
shoddy products force consumers to 
spend millions of dollars in unnecessary 
auto repairs. 

Moreover, phony auto parts, such as 
faulty brake linings, are believed by 
industry experts to be the cause of a 
growing number of accidents. 

Bogus parts have been blamed by 
Congressional investigators for fatal bus 
accidents and helicopter crashes. Coun- 
terfeits of vital parts have been detected 
on commercial airliners, on a space 
shuttle test, and in army missile sys- 

Consumer health and safety is also 
being threatened by ineffective or non- 
sterile drugs and pharmaceuticals as 
well as by counterfeit agricultural 

There now are an estimated 250 fake 
products circulating in the U.S. market. 
The value of fakes from clandestine 
foreign factories has ballooned from an 
estimated $3 billion in 1978 to about 

$18 billion in 1983, according to the 
U.S. Customs Service. This, inciden- 
tally, has contributed to the nation's 
worsening balance of trade. 

Trade in pirated goods today ac- 
counts for about 2% of total world trade, 
according to the Commission of the 
European Community. Elements of or- 
ganized crime are said to be involved 
in the distribution and sale of counter- 
feits, especially in the apparel and con- 
sumer electronics industries. 

More than 40 countries, including the 
U.S., are sources of bogus goods, ac- 
cording to an ITC study. But most of 
the fakes were said to originate in the 
sweatshops of the countries of the Pa- 
cific Basin, including Taiwan, South 
Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, the 
Philippines, and Indonesia. "In some 
countries, counterfeiting appears to have 
become the de facto national industrial 
development strategy," said a recent 
report by a House Commerce investi- 
gations subcommittee. 

Following an investigation by the 
House subcommittee staff and a series 
of hearings. Congress took several steps 
last October to remedy the weak laws 
and lax enforcement regarding com- 
mercial counterfeiting. 

n array of counterfeit foreign goods, in- 
cluding auto parts, spread out for inspec- 
tion by a House of Representatives Sub- 

It enacted the Trademark Counter- 
feiting Act which provides badly needed 
criminal sanctions and increased civil 
penalties against manufacturers, dis- 
tributors, and retailers who intention- 
ally traffic in products with counterfeit 

Congress also boosted the budget of 
the Customs Service to improve its 
efforts to detect and interdict the flood 
of fake goods. 

Further, Congress said continuation 
of duty-free trade preferences for de- 
veloping nations would depend on their 
actions to stop the counterfeiting of 
U.S. firms' trademarked products. The 
President and the U.S. Trade Repre- 
sentative were given explicit authority 
in this regard. 

John D. Dingell (D-Mich.), chairman 
of the investigations panel, summed it 
up: "The enactment of most of the 
subcommittee's recommendations in 
only one session of Congress is a tes- 
tament to the rapidly growing bipartisan 
awareness that we cannot continue to 
allow foreign pirates to endanger the 
health and safety of American con- 
sumers and to rob us of tens of thou- 
sands of jobs and the capital needed 
for our economic future." — PAI 



Caution Urged When Driving 
3-Wheeled All-Terrain Vehicles 

Look for the 
new clothing, 
fabric label 


Consumers will find it easier to identify 
American-made clothing and fabrics as a 
result of a labor-backed law that took effect 
with the new year. 

The legislation, enacted last September, 
strengthens country-of-origin labeling re- 
quirements. Foreign-made apparel and 
household textiles, such as sheets and 
towels, will have to be more conspicuously 
marked than the labeling law previously 

Especially important, unions and domestic 
manufacturers agree, 
is a new requirement 
that a product made 
in the United States 
must clearly say so. 
The mandatory 

"Made in the 
U.S.A." label will 
further lessen the 
possibility of a buyer 
mistaking a foreign- 
made article of 
clothing for a do- 
mestic product. 

Another new fea- 
ture is a requirement 
that mail-order cat- 
alogues specify 
whether their prod- i^,/,^, ^f ,,,^ ^„,„,. 
ucts are imported or ^amated Clothing 
of U.S. manufac- q,,^ j^^^g ^^^i^. 

'"''^- ers Union. 

Both the Ladies' 
Garment Workers and the Clothing & Textile 
Workers had testified for the legislation at 
congressional hearings. 

It will be some months before the impact 
of the new law is fully realized since the 
labeling requirement applies only to goods 
manufactured after the law took effect, and 
the Federal Trade Commission has not yet 
issued regulations to implement it. 

Don't buy these Louisiana-Pacific Products: Un- 
fair L-P Brand Names include: L-P Wolmanized: 
Cedartone; Waferwood; Fibrepine; Oro-Bord. Re- 
dex; Sidex: Ketchikan; Pabco; Xonolite: L-P-X; 
L-P Forester; L-P Home Centers. 


Label of the Inter- 
national Ladies 
Garment Workers 



Three-wheeled all-terrain vehicles, often 
called ATVs. are small motorized recrea- 
tional cycles with three large soft tires and 
are designed for off-road use on a variety of 
terrains. Some manufacturers also offer a 
similar type of ATV in a four-wheeled con- 
figuration. In recent years, their popularity 
and sales have soared. Most units are sold 
for recreational use. Information from the 
Commission's National Electronic Injury 
Surveillance System (NEISS) indicates that 
the estimated number of ATV-related inju- 
ries treated in hospital emergency rooms 
jumped from 8.600 in 1982 to 27.600 in 1983; 
and for the first 9 months of 1984 there have 
been an estimated 53.2000 injuries. Since 
January 1. 1982, 80 deaths involving all- 
terrain vehicles have been reported. CPSC 
and the Specialty Vehicle Institute of Amer- 
ica (SVIA) are working together to find ways 
to help reduce injuries. The Commission 
held a public meeting with SVIA and the 
major manufacturers of ATVs on October 
23. 1984. to discuss these injuries and how 
to reduce them. 

CPSC and the Specialty Vehicle Institute of 
America believe that increased safety aware- 
ness will contribute to a reduction of injuries 
and therefore are urging users to observe 
the following safety rules while using ATVs: 

• Three-wheeled ATVs have unique han- 
dling characteristics. Beginning nders should 
receive professional instruction and certifi- 
cation and should practice first on a level 
area and then in a more difficult but con- 
trolled environment before riding an ATV 
in rough or unfamiliar terrain. 

• CPSC injury investigations show thai 
the majority of accidents occur when the 
ATV unexpectedly encounters an obstacle 
such as a rock or ditch. Riders should not 
exceed speeds which are safe for the terrain 
on which they are traveling. 

• Parents should remember that ATVs 
are not simply overgrown tricycles. Children 
should use motorized ATVs only after hav- 
ing received instruction under adult super- 
vison and only when they are old enough to 
safely handle them. 

Wear a helmet. 

It is important to get 

professional instruction 

before riding. 

There has been a dramatic increase in in- 
juries and deaths associated with three- 
wheeled all-terrain vehicles (ATVs I. Users 
of ATVs should always wear a helmet, 
never ride "double." and keep speeds low 
enough to permit safe traveling for the 
terrain. The majority of accidents occur 
when the ATV hits an obstacle (such as a 
rock or a ditch). 

• Always wear an approved protective 
helmet and other protective gear. 

• Three-wheeled ATVs are designed for 
one rider only. Do not ride double. 

• Do not operate ATVs when using al- 
coholic beverages. 

• Always read the instruction manual and 
follow the manufacturers' guidance for use. 
maintenance, and preuse checks. 

• Do not use ATVs on paved roads or 

• Observe local laws or regulations and 
any regulations which have been established 
for public recreational areas where ATV use 
is permitted. 

• Always use good judgement when using 
your ATV. 

For further information on allterrain ve- 
hicle safety, consumers should call the Spe- 
cialty Vehicle Institute of America at (714) 
241-9256 or the CPSC hotline at 800-638- 
CPSC. The teletypewriter number for the 
hearing-impaired is 800-638-8270. 

What's New About 

Care Labels 

Chances are that you know about care labels 
and use them to help you safely clean your 
clothes. Such labels have appeared on clothing 
since 1972. when the Care Labeling Rule was 
passed by the Federal Trade Commission. 

The FTC recently revised this rule to ensure 
that care label information is complete and 

To get your free copy of What's New About 
Care Labels, a leaflet which contains washing 
and drycleaning tips and a glossary of standard 
care-labeling terms write: Federal Trade Com- 
mission. Bureau of Consumer Protections, 6th 
and Pennsylvania Ave.. N.W.. Washington. 
D.C. 20580. Give them the title of the leaflet 
and your name and address. 




. . . those members of our Brotherhood who, in recent weeks, have been named 
or elected to public offices, have won awards, or who have, in other ways "stood 
out from the crowd." This month, our editorial hat is off to the following: 


The National Safety Council's Safety 
Awards Program for Labor Organizations, 
initiated in 1961, provides recognition to 
"exemplary union safety programs and in- 
dividuals." Stephen C. Perry, Local 3073, 
Portsmouth, N.H., is the proud recipient of 
a 1984 individual award from the National 
Safety Council for making "noteworthy con- 
tributions to occupational safety and health." 

Perry has been active in safety issues at 
his place of employment, the Portsmouth 
Naval Shipyard, since 1982 when he became 
aware of an abundance of fibers, later iden- 
tified as asbestos, clinging to his clothing. 
His testimony before a Congressional com- 
mittee was instrumental in bringing about 
subsequent major changes in the Navy's 
Occupational Safety and Health Program. 

Perry continues to monitor the activities 
of the shipyard, now in his new position 
working in the shipyard safety office. He 
was also recently elected president of his 

At the National Safety Coun- 
cil's Safety Awards presenta- 
tion, from left: George Smith, 
safety director. IBEW. NSC 
vice president, labor division: 
Stephen Perry. UBC Local 
3073 president, award recipi- 
ent: Joe Luvisi, United Asso- 
ciation of Plumbers and 
Pipefitters: Larry Cooper. 
Metal Trades Council: Ber- 
nard S. Puchalski, Ironwork- 
ers Chicago District Council 
president, NSC chairman of 
labor division awards: and 
John Hutson. legal officer for 
Portsmouth Naval Yard. 


News of our generous members whose 
Christmas donations brightened others' 
holidays continues to roll in. Pictured, 
from left, are William Rehak. treasurer of 
Local 163. Peekskill. N.Y.. and chairman 
of the local "Toys for Tots" program: 
Gunnery Sergeant Croft, and Sergeant 
Barrett, representatives of the Marine 
Corps, who sponsored the program. 


The members and families of Local 1764. Marion, Va., know the meaning of caring and 
sharing. Their membership numbers about 600. and they lake pride in their community 
involvement. A $685 contribution to the local Department of Social Services' Santa's 
Elves program this past Christmas was raised through a raffle organized by members. 
And a special fund established to aid the families of L-P strikers has yielded a $250 
donation to this cause. Pictured, below left, are Local President Dexter Sheets and 
Linda Federow. chairman of the Santa's Elves fund drive. Below right, from left, are 
Larry Wyatt. organizing representative: President Sheets, Myron Debord. vice president: 
Billie Rector, treasurer: and E. Richard Hearn. Mid-Atlantic Council executive secretary-. 


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Send check or money order for $16.95 and 
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Satisfaction guaranteed or money back. 



Ocean Springs, Miss. 39564 

The Carpenters Legislative Improvement 
Committee needs your continued support in 

Make a $10 membership contribution nov\l 



yVhether you're faced with a 
monumental decision — or a routine one — 
the free Consumer Information Catalog can 
offer concrete advice. 

There are more than 200 government 
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locRi union nEuis 

First Province-Wide Convention in New Brunswick 

The members of Local 1386. Province of New Brunswick, held 
their first convention and seminar since their amalgamation into 
one local for the entire province, with the exception of Local 
1023. Restigoiiche County. Officers were elected for the next 
three years, and are pictured above with the delegates who were 
present at the convention. Front row. from left: Nortnan Dou- 
cet. president: Francis Gray; Michael Dionne. recording secre- 
tary: Norbert Rousselle: Francis Estabrooks: Eric Daigle: Kevin 

Thorne; Leo Gagnon, trustee; Arland Hunter: Conrad Arse- 
neau; Clarence French, trustee. Back row. from left: Hilaire 
Comeau; Pual Doughty; Louis Fogan; Jean Guy Lizotte. 
trustee; Camille Bernard: Hector Losier: Hariy Jones, trustee; 
Bert Michels; Ross Carr. financial secretary; Everett Reicker; 
George William Kerr, vice president: John Carruthers: Guy Du- 
moitlin; Duncan Smith, warden; Simeon Hewitt; Charles Saun- 
ders, conductor: Walter Grutzner; and Claude LaFontaine. 

Local 247 Exhibits 
At Science Museum 

When the members of Local 247. Portland, 
Ore., celebrated their 100th anniversary last 
year, they did it in style. In addition to a 
performance of "Builders of the Nation" 
and a gala celebration following it. there was 
an exhibit depicting the history of the union 
and its impact on Portland. The exhibit 
appeared at the Multnomah County Fair, 
the Oregon State Fair, and the Oregon Mu- 
seum of Science and Industry (OMSl). 

The program at OMSI was received very 
well by the public — the museum noted a 
16% increase in attendence over the previous 
year's figures for the same month. 

Boyd Kinnan, left, and David Weyeneth of 
Local 247 work outside the OMSI to con- 
struct a concrete platform tilt-up sign. This 
project was one of many volunteer demon- 
strations sponsored by the local union. 

A collection of an- 
tique tools was an 
important part of 
the OMSI exhibit. 
Surveying their 
handiwork at the 
museum are. from 
left. John Garrett. 
Ed Strange. Ted 
Huckins. and David 

Ken Wheeler, a Local 247 member, dem- 
onstrates a portable drill press for museum 
visitors. At various points throughout the 
exhibit visitors could stop and try using 
the tools themselves, with experts nearby 
to supervise. 

Father-Son Project 

Father and son Michael and Michael Wil- 
liam Cecere. members of Local 1379. 
North Miami. Fla.. installed the union em- 
blem at the entrance of the new building 
of the South Florida Carpenters District 
Council. The Ceceres inlaid the many ele- 
ments of the emblem by hand with such 
precision that it appears to have been cre- 
ated by a large press. 



UBC Skills Displayed at Massachusetts Exposition 

As an effort to promote unionism and give 
the public an opportunity to see Carpenters 
as their friends, neighbors, and peers, the 
Western Massachusetts JATC and Locals 
108 Springfield, Mass., and 402 Northamp- 
ton-Greenfield, Mass., manned a booth at 
the Eastern States Exposition in West 
Springfield, Mass., the largest state fair in 
New England. The fair attracted over one 
million people, and the Carpenters" booth in 
the "Better Living Center Building" was a 
popular sight during the 12 days. 

"This is the UBC." "The Real Truth 
About Housing Costs," a Local 108 pro- 
motional pamphlet, and an apprenticeship 
and training pamphlet were distributed to 
the public. 

A tool display, loaned by the National 
Door Company of Needham, Mass., helped 
attract people's attention, and encouraged 

talk about carpentry and unions. Nearly 200 
potential applicants for training were re- 
cruited by filling out "show of interest" 

Financing for the booth, stafffed by offi- 
cers, business reps, and members, came 
from apprenticeship and training programs 
in New England. 

Abo\e. right and left, are ihe frunl and 
back views of the booth Carpenters in- 
stalled at "The Big E," the largest state 
ftiir in New England. 

At right are some of the volunteers who 
made the operation possible. Back row, 
.from left: John Davis. Carl Bathelt. and 
Xavier Lapolice. Front row. from left: 
Garv Poiilit and Leoard Deshais. 

^r^^-^-SH. .^,„,„ .C 


Union Label Firm 
Marks 100th Year 

A small Canadian company was founded 
in 1884 when two entrepreneurs, John Pen- 
nington and Edgar Baker, began manufac- 
turing telephone boxes for Alexander Gra- 
ham Bell's invention. Later that year, the 
partners launched a second product, student 
desks, which soon became the standard 
throughout North America. The business 
grew rapidly, and the partners were forced 
to move to its present location in Dundas, 
Ontario. Soon the telephone boxes were 
eased out by desks and church pews, and 
the small company became the Valley City 
Seating Company. 

The company has changed hands through- 
out the years and in 1950 Nelson Rockford 
purchased it. Under his direction it became 
widely known for quality production of in- 
stitutional furniture and custom woodwork. 

The UBC label has been a part of this 
tradition since 1974, and the members of 
Local 2679, Toronto, Ontario, are proud to 
continue it. As the second decade of the 
label, and the second century of this com- 
pany's fine craftsmanship, begin, Valley City 
Seating remains highly regarded as a major 
source for quality woodwork. 

^-^ A Cmhmi of ^ . 



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bitSBiiffl* oTihr KirU Dclnrniin. Hi' IKti Ihmr i» i- 

DunnM ihn Krnd, J, M. rifjili . [<lilw IVmi CiHUir 

ll »?t ilurini; Ibu tvnc tlir conUBUy ctmjiiad inai oi 
tiif ihc Cuhr.lrjl .A Ulirijl ihr Kiig in llaini'ion. 


new ant uwJh ha iSKliun « bn-onr ■tWj' «ch A mai/tr^ to the McMiucr 

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V^triwutliCiMinT Cnai Hoa« trd HicWao 

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An advertisement placed by Valley City in major periodicals of the Toroni:; area to 
commemorate the centennial of the company and the skills of Local 2679 members. 






Where to Find the 
Union Label 

Gloves — inside upper edge 

Neckties — small end 

Coats — lining of inside pocket 

Pajamas — front fiem of coat 

Rainwear, Sportswear, Heavy Outerwear — 

lovier pocket 
Shirts— bottom of front tail 
Snow Wear, Boys' Wear— inside pocket 
Suits — inside right breast pocket 
Trousers — inside right hip pocket 
Bathing Suits — with size on bra 
Blouses — neckline or side seam 
Children's Wear — neckline 
Dresses — above hem in side seam or in 

waistband or neckline 
Skirts — waistband or below zipper of 

inside seam 
Slips, Sleepwear and Robes — neckline or 

side seam 
Sweaters and Knitwear— seam in shoulder 
Suits — waistband of skirt or right inside 

seam below sleeve or jacket 
Coats and Jackets— below right arm 

hole in lining 
Shoes — inside the shoe 


UBC Member: Like a decal of the UBC 
emblem for your hard hat'? Write: 
Organizing Department, United 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners 
of America, 101 Constitution Avenue, 
N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001. Send 
along a stamped, self-addressed 

Local 2182 Members Employed at Reynolds Plant 

A Reynolds Aluminum plant construclion project at Comeaii Bay. Quebec, shown above, 
employs millwrights from Local 2182. Montreal, for the installation of machinery. The 
work is making steady progress, according to the local business agent. Germain Paren- 
teau . 

Local 146 Retirees 

Members of Local 146. Ballston Spa. 
N. Y.. recently held a party to honor two of 
their retiring officers. Charles Beers, busi- 
ness agent, and Charles Bender, financial 
secretary, are now enjoying the leisure of 

Pictured at the top, from left, are. 
Bender; Jack Brown, former president: 
Beers; and President John Slanhart. 

Pictured in the lower photograph are, 
from left. Maiy Bender; Waller Elinski. 
present business agent; his wife; and Ken 

U.S. Tax Proposals 

Continued from Page 9 

a heavy price for Reaganomics. Enor- 
mous federal deficits, high interest rates, 
post-war highs in unemployment and an 
increasing trade deficit have taken a par- 
ticularly hard toll on working Americans. 
Increasing the tax burden on the middle 
class is not a solution to this country's 
fundamental economic problems and 
would be unfair to working people and 
their families. In 1981 the Reagan tax cut 
plan provided considerable benefits for 
high income individuals and corpora- 
tions. While those on Wall Street ap- 
plauded these tax breaks, working men 
and wornen on Main Street saw little 
relief. These excessive high income and 
corporate tax cuts have contributed to 
the growing federal budget deficit which 
now requires new taxes. 

It is very important that each and every 
one of us expresses our opposition to 
any new tax proposal which will only 
increase the financial burden on workers 
and their families. Write your Congres- 
sional representative and Senators and 
tell them that American workers don't 
want to shoulder any more of a tax 
burden, suggests Wayne Pierce, UBC 
General Treasurer and Director of Leg- 
islation. We must show our strong op- 
position particularly to health and welfare 
and other fringe benefit taxation. Many 
of our hard-earned benefits will surely 
be undermined if we sit idly by without 
letting our voices be heard in the tax 
debate. We must continue to fight to 
protect these hard- won benefits. 



Insomnia and 
Patterns of Sleep 

By Philip L. Polal<off, M.D. 

Director, Western Institute for 
Occiipationall Environmental Sciences 

Insomnia — the inability to get enough 
sleep night after night — is a common 

Unfortunately, it's a condition that 
often feeds on itself. Worrying about 
not being able to fall asleep can be a 
major cause of insomnia in some peo- 

There are other common causes: shift 
work, anxiety, depression, alcohol and 
sleeping pills. These last two named are 
often resorted to by people who have 
trouble sleeping, but — over time — they 
tend to do just the opposite and con- 
tribute to insomnia. 

There are also some medical condi- 
tions that can contribute to sleepless- 
ness: the panicky discomfort of asthma, 
the pain of migraines or angina pectoris, 
and muscle spasms. Less frequently, 
some people suffer from somnambulism 
(sleep walking), narcolepsy (sudden at- 
tacks of sleepiness throughout the day), 
and sleep apnea (temporary stoppage 
of breathing caused by an obstruction 
in the throat). 

Medical problems that may be con- 
tributing to sleeplessness should be dis- 
cussed with your physician. For mil- 
lions of others — and more than one out 
of three people toss and turn every 
night in a frustrating pursuit of sleep — 
the experts have some words of com- 

"You cannot die of loss of sleep, nor 
will you suffer long-term mental or 
physical effects as a result," say Ian 
Oswald, M.D., and Kirstine Adam, 
Ph.D., authors of "Get a Better Night's 
Sleep" (Arco, New York, 1983). "You 
can take comfort from the fact that 
sleep is a self-regulating sytem, so that 
when we really need it, we get it and 
almost nothing will stop us." 

Age plays an important part in our 
sleep patterns. It's a good thing for 
those of us who have to work that we 
don't "sleep like a baby." Newborns 
sleep between 14 and 18 hours a day. 
Adults, on the other hand, average 
between seven and eight hours a night. 
(Although there's nothing sacred about 
this amount of sleep. Every individual 
is different in his or her requirements.) 

Generally, as people get older, they 
tend to sleep less. However, the elderly 
often make up for this by taking after- 
noon or evening naps. 

But age aside, it is natural to expe- 
rience changes in sleep patterns at cer- 
tain times. The need for sleep may 
decrease during times of well-being. 

At other times, people sleep longer — 
during illness, weight gain, stress, preg- 
nancy, premenstruation, after stren- 
uous exercise or some intellectual ac- 
tivity they don't find particularly 

Your body undergoes numerous 
changes while you sleep. Like a factory 
in off-peak periods, many operations 
slow down. The heart rate, blood pres- 
sure, pulse and temperature drop. Lev- 
els of adrenaline and corticosteroids 
decrease markedly. At the same time, 
the "maintenance department" picks 
up. The body-building growth hormone 
is manufactured at higher levels. 

Sleep — even that "good night's sleep" 
we all look forward to — is not, as some 
people imagine, a time of uninterrupted 
calm. We go through cycles of rapid 
eye movement (called "REM" sleep) 
and periods of non-rapid eye move- 
ment — non-REM sleep. 

The first deep sleep we fall into gen- 
erally is non-REM. The body relaxes; 
the metabolic rate falls. After about 60 
to 90 minutes, the sleep changes to 
REM. Breathing may become more 
irregular, the eyes roll around, the body 
twitches. It is during this period that 
people most often report vivid dreams. 
This cycle repeats itself four or five 
times a night, with the longer REM 
periods occurring early in the morning. 

Depending on the causes, there are 
numerous treatments for insomnia. If 
the problem is alcohol or drug-related, 
withdrawal is the basis of treatment. If 
insomnia is secondary to medical dis- 
orders or psychological problems, these 
first must be treated by experts in these 

(Copyright 1984 by Dr. Phillip L. Po- 



Don't let your lungs 
go to pot. 

When you reach for a dream, 
whether it's in school, in 
sports, or on stage, you've got 
to be on your toes. That's why 
you should take a second look 
at marijuana and think twice 
before you smoke. 

New studies show that 
smoking pot can hurt your 
lungs much more than you 
think. If you're young and 
growing, it's a lot more dan- 
gerous than you imagined. 
And a lot less cool. 

Healthy lungs can mean 
a longer life. And a longer life 
means more time to make 
your dreams come true. Don't 
let your lungs go to pot. 




The Christmas Seal People® 



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Red D Blue n Green n Brown D 
Red, White & Blue Q 

Please rush "HANG IT UP" suspenders at 
$16.95 each includes postage & handling. 
California residents add 6V2% sales tax 
(.91 C) "Canada residents please send U.S. 
equivalent, Money Orders Only. " 







BankAmericard/Visa Q Master Charge Q 
Card # 

Exp. Date. 

Phone •# 

4806 Los Arboles Place, Fremont, CA 94536 

Please give street address for prompt delivery. 


I am a union worker and I shall 
not undermine the welfare of my 
fellow brothers and sisters. Across 
these United States and Canada, 
men have labored too long and too 
hard for me to destroy their gains 
by purchasing non-union. 

I am a member of a union family 
who has been blessed with a de- 
cent living. I have come to enjoy 
better things because of the devo- 
tion and dedication of those before 
me who labored to provide a stand- 
ard of living unparalleled in the 

I shall not destroy all their efforts 
and render helpless all the causes 
they so earnestly fought to win for 

I will support and strengthen my 
fellow brothers and sisters by using 
a simple tool, the Label Golden 
Rule — "Buy Union Products and Use 
Union Services as You Would Have 
Union Wages Paid Unto You!" 

HPPREnTicESHip & TRnminc 

Spring Apprenticeship and Training 
Conference Planned for Minneapolis 

The National Joint Committee on Ap- 
prenticeship and Training has scheduled a 
spring conference to discuss the improve- 
ment of training in the craft areas of carpen- 
try, millwrighting. mill-cabinetry, floorcov- 
ering, and piledriving. as it is being 
implemented by local joint committees and 
affiliate bodies. 

The conference will be held at the Leam- 
ington Hotel in Minneapolis. Minn., May 6- 
10. Sessions will begin at 9 a.m.. Tuesday, 
May 7. Conference participants are urged to 
arrive in the host city on Monday, May 6. 

The conference will conclude on Friday at 

The UBC Apprenticeship and Training 
Department has secured special hotel rates 
for conference participants. Details are con- 
tained in a memorandum to all local unions 
and councils dated January 14. 

If there are any topics participants wish 
to have placed on the agenda of the confer- 
ence, these suggestions should be submitted 
to First General Vice President Sigurd Luc- 
cassen at the General Office in Washington, 

Langenbacher Table Demonstrates Skills 

The John Langenbacher Co.. hu . oj .\f\v 
York City recently presented !o the United 
Brotherhood a beautiful sunburst-top table 
of Brazilian rosewood, which now stands 
in the lobby of the General Offices in 
Washington, D.C. It was donated to the 
UBC in memory of the Brotherhood's late 
General President Emeritus M.A. Hutche- 
son by Harry W. Boyd, company presi- 
dent. Boyd is shown with UBC general 
and retired officers at upper right during 
the official presentation. 

Boyd noted that the table is an expression 
of appreciation for the "fine efforts of the 
New York apprenticeship school" in the 
Bronx. The table was created by two UBC 
journeymen and two apprentices from the 
Langenbacher shops. It has a balanced 
and matched sunburst top, a waterfall 
edge of folded veneer, and a polished poly- 
ester finish. Five feet in diameter, the ta- 
ble has a sculpt ore d bronze base. 

NJ Float Promotes Apprenticeship 

Our apprenticeship and training programs 
can be the center of attention when their 
goals and ideals are illustrated through a 
local's promotional efforts. One such ef- 
fort is shown here: a Labor Day float dedi- 
cated to Apprenticeship and entered in the 
Monmouth and Ocean County Central La- 
bor Council AFL-CIO parade by the mem- 
bers of Local 2250. Red Bank, N.J. This 
award-winning "Most Creative Float" was 
designed and built by Umberto Taormina, 
second from right. With him are. from left: 
Andrew Ness, president: James Kirk, busi- 
ness representative: and Charles Gorhan, 
financial secretarv. 



The dust of certain woods become health 
hazards under adverse exposure conditions. These 
are two of the possible ill effects and the woods 
which cause them: 




Western Red Cedar 

Cedar of Lebanon 


African Iroko Wood 

African Mahogany 

African Zebrawood 


Douglas Fir 




Eastern Red Cedar 

Western Red Cedar 





African Teak 



Health Hazards 

From Wood Dust Exposure 

Wood dust seems to most people to 
be pretty safe. In fact, it covers the 
floors, machines, rafters, and workers 
in many sawmills and wood products 
plants. But while wood dust may not 
seem to present any immediate danger, 
it can have serious health effects that 
you may not be aware of. And of course 
there are serious fire and explosion 
hazards in very dusty shops. Wood dust 
can cause illness, irritation, or allergic 
reactions. It is also suspected of causing 
some rare cancers and decreased lung 
power. Studies are now being done to 
confirm these suspicions — in the mean- 
time, we should be more cautious about 

Let's look more closely at the differ- 
ent health effects of wood. 

Toxic woods can cause effects such 
as headaches, nausea, vomiting, sleep- 
iness, and loss of appetite. This occurs 
with tropical woods such as East Indian 
satin wood. 

Iniiant woods can irritate the mucous 
membranes of the nose and throat or 
irritate the skin. In the Pacific North- 
west the high humidity and repeated 

wetting of the skin is thought to increase 
susceptibility of forest workers, log- 
gers, and lumber handlers to the irri- 
tants. Irritant woods have been known 
to cause epidemics of dermatitis (skin 
rashes) among exposed workers. These 
effects occur from woods like pine. oak. 
and mahogany. 

Allergenic woods cause allergic re- 
sponses in a small number of people. 
Workers can develop asthma, runny 
noses, skin rashes, and "pink eye" 
(conjunctivitis) from exposure to these 
woods. Red cedar dust frequently causes 
such allergic reponses in exposed work- 

Dermatitis from wood dust affects 
more than just the hands. It can also 
affect the eyelids, face, neck, and skin 
folds (such as the genital areas) where- 
ever the sawdust may lodge. 

What Studies Tell Us 

Concern About Cancer 

Cancer was first reported in furniture 
workers in England in 1965 and has 

since been confirmed in other countries. 
A number of chemicals that are con- 
stituents of certain kinds of wood (as 
well as some chemicals used in the 
wood products industry) are suspected 
of causing cancer. Several studies of 
workers exposed to wood dust have 
found nasal cancer (cancer of the nasal 
passages and sinuses) as well as colon 
and rectal cancers. In 1981. the Inter- 
national Agency for Research on Can- 
cer concluded that, at least for the 
furniture industry, there was sufficient 
evidence to link wood dust exposures 
and nasal cancer. Nasal cancer, how- 
ever, did not show up until 40 years 
after exposure to the wood dust. Hard- 
woods are suspected of being more 
hazardous than softwoods. 

Lung Impairment 

A study published in March 1981 by 
researchers at the University of Ver- 
mont showed that workers exposed to 
wood dust, either hardwood or pine, 
showed some decrease in lung capacity. 
The more dust workers were exposed 
to and the longer their exposure, the 

This material tias been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 
under grant number E9F4DI76, These materials do not necessarily reflect the views of policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade 
names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. 



greater the decrease in their lung ca- 
pacity. The decrease was also greater 
for hardwood (mostly maple) than for 
pine workers. Exposures ranged from 
0.2 to 4.5 milligrams of dust per cubic 
meter of air (mg/m'). (Exposures in 
sawmills are commonly in this range.) 
(This is the first study to ever show this 
and therefore the results are only 
suggestive until other studies can show 
the same thing.) 

What are Standards 

The American Conference of Gov- 
ernmental Industrial Hygienists 
(ACGIH) has recommended that wood 
dust levels be reduced to 5 mg/m' for 
nonallergenic wood dusts (ones which 
will not produce allergic reactions) and 
in 1981 adopted an even lower limit. 1 
mg/m' for hardwoods, such as beech, 
birch, mahogany, oak, and walnut. Cur- 
rently there is no OSHA exposure limit 
for wood dust so it is regulated as a 
nuisance dust with a PEL (permissible 
exposure limit) of 15 mg/m'. Even the 
lower exposure limits may not be low 
enough to prevent nasal cancer or lung 
damage. No one yet knows what a safe 
level is. 

explosion or fire hazard if very high 
levels are present. 

Control of Exposure 

There are three ways of reducing 
exposure to wood dust, which taken 
together can be very effective. They 

1. Engineering controls, such as ven- 

2. Housekeeping and maintenance. 

3. Personal protection, such as cloth- 
ing, dust masks. 

Ventilation hoods, such as the one 
pictured below, have been designed to 
effectively control dust from sawing and 
sanding operations. The hood must have 
a high enough velocity to capture all 
the dust produced. 

Sanding operations, in particular, must 
be well ventilated since they produce 
finer dust particles that are inhaled more 

Many times, though, because of poor 
maintenance or inadequate design, dust 
will settle in the ducts, clog the system, 
and render it ineffective. This problem 
also occurs when a sprinkler system is 
used to keep down dust concentrations 
in the ducts to prevent fires. The wet 
dust is harder to transport and clogs up 
the ducts. Proper ventilation design, 
such as in the diagrams below, and 
sufficient exhaust velocities are crucial 
to controlling wood dust exposures. 

Dust that settles in ducts, on floors, 
machine surfaces, rafters, etc.. is a 
major contributor to the airborne dust 
levels and also presents a serious fire 
hazard. Constant maintenance is nec- 
essary to prevent dust buildup. Cleanup, 
though, can aggravate the problem when 
compressed air blows the dust back 
into the air. Housekeeping should al- 
ways be done with vacuum cleaning 
equipment or the dust should be swept 
up wet. 

Personal protective clothing should 
be worn whenever the dust level cannot 
be controlled by ventilation and main- 
tenance. Safety glasses with side pro- 

tection. NIOSH approved goggles, or 
face shields may be necessary to protect 
the eyes from chips and from eye irri- 
tation. Dust masks are sometimes used 
during sanding. They can help cut down 
on dust exposures, but do not fit as 
tightly as a respirator, so dust can leak 
into the mask. A respirator with a dust 
filter can stop dust particles but requires 
proper fitting, maintenance, and train- 
ing. It is also very uncomfortable and 
awkward to wear. Many people cannot 
use respirators because they have an 
unusual face shape or lung impairment. 

Gloves are often used in rough han- 
dling of timber and for fine sanding. 
They can help prevent skin exposure 
hut also may present a safety hazard 
by getting caught in machinery. 

Long sleeve clothing and trousers 
with restricted openings also prevent 
skin exposure but create problems when 
working in hot environments. Wet skin 
and clothes can cause slow release of 
some of the chemicals from the wood 
dust that cause dermatitis. Clothing 
should be changed to avoid this. Dust 
should be vacuumed off the clothes to 
prevent releasing it into the air again. 
Shower, locker, wash up. and laundry 
facilities should also be available. 






This article is available as a separate 
pamphlet free from the UBC Depart- 
ment of Occupational Safety and Health. 
101 Constitution Ave.. N.W.. Washing- 
ton. D.C. 20001. 

Other Dust Hazards 

Wood dust may contain preservatives 
which prevent mold growth or insect 
damage. These preservatives are very 
irritating and may damage the lungs as 
well. Wood dusts that have molds can 
cause allergic lung reactions similar to 
asthma called "farmer's lung." Parti- 
cleboard. chipboard, plywood are made 
with glues and resins which also present 
health hazards if inhaled as a dust from 
sawing or sanding. 

Lastly, wood dust can present an 

Table Raises 
to Sand 

Swing Saw Ventilation 

Horizontal Belt Sander Ventilation 



Screening Out Unsafe Workers 
—Does It Work? _^ 

Back injuries are big business. There 
were over one million back injuries at 
work in 1980 accounting for one out of 
five workplace injuries and billions of 
dollars in compensation claims. It's no 
wonder that there has been alot of 
attention focused on "loss prevention" 
by the insurance companies and by 
industry. But prevention of back inju- 
ries is a difficult problem. It depends 
on many factors including the design of 
the work process, the amount being 
lifted or carried, how often such tasks 
are necessary, and on how the work is 

One popular way to attack this prob- 
lem has been to give preemployment 
physicals and screen out workers who 
may be more likely to have a back 
injury. This approach assumes that 
something wrong with the individual 
worker is the primary cause of back 
injuries. Some researchers call this the 
"blame the victim" approach. 

Is there something about a worker 
that makes them more or less likely to 
have a back injury? And if so, can we 
identify those factors? The traditional 
approach to screening workers for back 
injury prevention has been to give them 
low back x-rays. The doctor then looks 
for spinal abnormalities. Those with 
abnormalities are expected to be more 
prone to back injuries and are not hired 
for heavy lifting jobs. Are these exams 
good at predicting future back injuries 
or do they result in discrimination against 
perfectly safe workers? When such ex- 
ams became used routinely in the 1950s, 
about 50% of people screened were 
shown to have abnormalities and up to 
28% were rejected for employment as 
a result. A study done by Weyerhaeuser 
Company in the forest products indus- 
try found that employees identified as 
"high risk" by pre-placement back x- 
rays were less likely to have a back 
injury than those considered to be "low 
risk." In fact, low risk workers had 
twice as many back injuries. Because 
back injuries are so common and the 
tests are such poor predictors of future 
injury, the result is that many people 
can be denied employment even though 
they will never have a back injury 
whereas many others who get jobs will 
still continue to injure their backs. In 
addition, those workers denied employ- 
ment due to a positive back x-ray will 
be stigmatized and may have a difficult 

time getting another job somewhere 
else. Also to be considered is the enor- 
mous expense of the exams and the 
unnecessary exposure to x-rays which 
can be harmful to the individuals and 
especially to pregnant women. 

With all these facts in mind, the 
American College of Radiology con- 
ducted a nation-wide conference of ex- 
perts in 1973 which concluded that back 
x-rays should not be used for routine 
screening for back problems, but only 
as a special procedure if there are other 
reasons for doing them, such as a his- 
tory of back problems. 

Some large corporations have known 
this for a long time and followed this 
advice. Boeing Company, for example, 
stopped giving routine pre-employment 
examinations in 1952. They decided the 
cost of exams, the high turnover of 
their employees, and the low predictive 
value made them unnecessary on a 
routine basis and exams are therefore 
only given to a few applicants where it 
is warranted. They found that a good 
health questionnaire was more valuable 
than a physical exam. 

Despite all the evidence that they are 
not cost-effective and don't work, pre- 
employment screening for back injuries 
continues. The ultimate solution to the 
problem however is not going to come 
from screening out potentially injury- 
prone workers — the tests are not good 
enough to do that — but from redesign- 
ing the workplace and training the worker 
so that no one is forced to injure their 
back. The true cause of most back 
injuries is not that the individual worker 
couldn't manage the load, but factors 
such as heavy or awkward loads, in- 
adequate help, no lifting devices avail- 
able, pressure to speed up production, 
and lack of training. It may cost money 
to implement an effective back injury 
prevention program, but it will save, in 
the long run, in reduced compensation 
costs and be of more benefit than 
screening out supposedly susceptible 

To Post 1984 
Injuries, Illnesses 

Employers with 1 1 or more employ- 
ees must post from February 1 to 
March 1 the total number of job-related 
injuries and illnesses that occurred dur- 
ing 1984, according to a notice issued 
January 8 by the Occupational Safety 
and Health Administration. 

To fulfill the requirement, employers 
need to post the last page or right-hand 
portion of OSHA Form 200, "Log and 
Summary of Occupational Injuries and 
Illnesses." The form must be posted in 
areas where notices to employees are 
customarily posted. 

OSHA Form 200, which includes in- 
formation on the type of injury or ill- 
ness, the extent, and outcome, serves 
several functions in carrying out the 
Occupational Safety and Health Act. 
the notice said: it aids compliance offi- 
cers in conducting inspections and in- 
vestigations; provides a basis for a sta- 
tistical program which produces reliable 
injury and illness incidence rates; and 
aids employers and employees in iden- 
tifying factors that cause injuries and 
illnesses in the workplace. 

Establishments having no injuries or 
illnesses during 1984 should enter zeros 
on the total line and post the form, the 
agency advised. The person responsible 
for preparing the annual summary must 
certify that the totals are correct and 
sign the form. 

Firms must also notify employees 
who move from worksite to worksite, 
such as construction workers and em- 
ployees who do not report to any fixed 
establishment on a regular basis. Em- 
ployers must give a copy of the sum- 
mary to any of these employees who 
are on the payroll during February. 

Employers with 10 or fewer employ- 
ees are exempt from federal OSHA in- 
jury and illness recordkeeping and 
posting requirements. As of January 1, 
1983, employers in certain statistically 
safe industry groups were also exempt. 
Exempted employers, however, remain 
eligible for selection by the Bureau of 
Labor Statistics to participate in an an- 
nual statistical survey. 

Because these logs are used by 
OSHA to exempt some workplaces 
from inspection, their accuracy is very 
important. Please make sure the log is 
posted in your work place and check it 
to make sure that all injuries and ill- 
nesses are recorded. If there are any 
discrepancies, please notify the UBC's 
Occupational Safety and Health De- 
partment in Washington. DC. 

Copies of the OSHA Form 200 are 
available from the OSHA Publications 
Office. Third St. and Constitution Ave., 
N.W.. Washington. D.C. 20210; tele- 
phone: (202) 523-9667. 








AVE. NW, WASH., D.C. 20001 




Three men went out in a boat to 
fish on the lai<e. At about the middle 
of the lake, one of the men said, "I 
forgot my fishing pole; I can't fish 
without it." So he hopped out of the 
boat and walked on the water to 
the shore. 

Just then the second man said, 
"I forgot my tackle; I can't fish 
without it." So he hopped out and 
walked across the water to the shore. 

Not wanting to fish alone, the third 
man hopped out to follow the other 
two. But when he did, he took one 
step and sank. 

The other two men were watching 
from shore and saw him go under. 
As he did, the first man turned to 
the second and said, "Maybe we 
should have told him where the 
stones were." 

— Kevin Quilliam 
Seward, Alaska 

Adopt A Lumber Store 


Undertaker Mack; Poor Sam! He 
died of drinking shellac. 

Undertaker Jack: Well, at least 
he had a fine finish, 

— Soys' Life 


This business agent came home 
at three in the morning and found 
his wife lying awake in bed. 

"Where were you until three 
o'clock in the morning?" she 

As she spoke, the BA opened his 
bedroom closet and found a man 
cringing on the floor. "Who is this 
man?" he demanded. 

"Don't change the subject!" his 
wife replied. 

Buy Union • Save Jobs 


"I suppose day the job's fin- 
ished," the superintendent said to 
his men, "you'll be outside my trailer 
impatient to tell me off." 

One carpenter whispered to an- 
other, "Not me. I never want to wait 
in line again." 


"I've got good news for you. Mr. 
Bell," said the psychiatrist. 

"What's that?" the patient asked. 

"After two years, you're cured of 
kleptomania. To prove that you won't 
be shoplifting any more, I want you 
to go to Bilko's Exchange and just 
wander around. You'll see." 

"Are you sure?" 

"Yes. But, if you have a relapse, 
could use a 19 inch color TV." 

— Graphic Communicator 


There was a young lady named 

Dreamed that a man had 

seduced her. 
At last from her dream 
She awoke with a scream 
But it was a lump in the mattress 
that goosed her. 

—Fort Lauderdale 


When her maid left service to marry, 
one lady found it wasn't at all easy 
to find an acceptable replacement. 

She asked the first girl she inter- 
viewed why she had left her pre- 
vious employers. The girl answered 
that her master and mistress had 
bickered constantly. 

"That must have been unpleas- 
ant," the woman offered sympa- 

"It certainly was. They was at it 
all the time," said the girl indig- 
nantly. "When It wasn't me and him, 
it was me and her!" 

Use Union Services 


A man walked into a drugstore, 
and the pharmacist asked him, "May 
I help you?" 

"I need something for the hic- 
cups," the man replied. 

A moment of silence followed, 
then the pharmacist slapped the 

"Why did you do that?" the man 

"You don't have the hiccups 
anymore, do you?" the pharmacist 

"No," said the man, "But my wife 
out in the car still does." 

— Boys' Life 

Imports Hurt • Buy Union 

Two friends were fishing from a 
boat. One got slightly seasick, 
leaned over the side of the boat, 
and promptly lost his false teeth. 

His friend wanted to play a trick 
on him, so he took out his own 
dentures, tied them to his fishing 
line, and pretended to have fished 
his friend's teeth out of the water 
for him. 

Overjoyed, the guy took the teeth 
and put them into his mouth. Find- 
ing that they did not fit, he pulled 
them out and threw them over- 
board, saying, "Those aren't mine!" 
— BeaCarolan, 
Monroe, N.Y, 




A periodic report on the activities 
of UBC Retiree Clubs and the com- 
ings and goings of individual retirees. 

Logging Slides at 
Retiree Luncheon 

"Retirees and Mates" in Humboldt County, 
Calif., have been getting together every six 
months since May, 1979. The retired UBC 
members have the common bond of em- 
ployment at the Louisiana-Pacific Big La- 
goon plant in Carlotta, Calif., organized by 
Eureka Local 2592 and currently on strike. 
At the most recent luncheon. William and 
Kathy Boyle of Trinidad, Calif., showed 
slides and pictures of old logging operations. 
Meeting place, menu, and entertainment are 
planned and each retiree is contacted by 
phone or card a couple weeks ahead of the 
meeting date. Some retirees are playing 
active roles in the L-P boycott. 

Mrs. Jim Moutlon (Clara), one of the drivinji forces 
behind "Retirees and Mates," with her guitar. For 
some occasions, she gets together with other mem- 
bers for a dulcimer, two-guitar, mandolin, and 
mouth harp band. 

Al iipinr rii^lii. Ihnciliu Mines, standing, 
helps out at the recent Humboldt County. 
Calif, retirees luncheon. Seated are. from 
left. Ruby Kull. Billie W luted, and Ralph 
Whited. At lower right, the Snapps. Mar- 
vin and Bella, enjoy the "Retirees and 
Mates" luncheon with their grandson. 

w ^.""fl 

LA ■ 



Baltimore Local Honors Retirees 

Local 101 . Baltimore. Md.. recently held a party for retired 
members and their wives. Pictured are some of the former 
officers who were present. From left: Leo Decker. International 
Rep.: Bill Halbert. president. Local 101 . and secretary-treasurer 
of Baltimore DC: Vernon Baseman, former trustee: George 
Dean, financial secretary: Juan Johns, former business agent 
and president of Local 101 : Guy Loudermilk. former business 
agent for 22 years: and Daniel Williams, recording secretary. 

Bloomington Retirees' Club Members On Parade Demand Answers 

From Physicians 

The National Council of Senior Citizens 
reports that many seniors feel fearful, frus- 
trated, and defeated in a doctor's office, 
simply because they either can't get a straight 
answer to their questions or because they 
don't get any answers at all. Too often 
physicians have a brusque manner with older 
patients. Instead of getting a diagnosis, the 
elderly get a brush-off: "At your age. you 
have to expect this." NCSC believes that 
all patients, regardless of age, deserve an 
examination of their complaints and they 
should insist on it when visiting their phy- 

"We've Reached Our Goal" was the slo- 
gan for Bloomington. III.. Retirees Club 
5's Labor Day float, featuring a goal post. 
Harold Shoemaker, center, drove while 
Earl Johnson. Toni Harms. George 
Harms. Juanita Shoemaker, and Willie 
Nance tossed candy to the crowd along 
the route. 

Members of Retirees Club 5. affiliated with 
Local 63. Bloomington. III., at one of their 
meetings. Seated from left are Trustees 
Harold Shoemaker and Harley Weber, 
Juanita Shoemaker, and Secretaiy Willie 
Nance. Back row, from left, are President 
Leo Passmore, Toni Harms, and Treasurer 
George Harms. The club, organized in 
February, 1984, numbers about 35 mem- 

For information on how to start a retirees' club 
in their area, retirees may contact local officers or 
General Secretary John S. Rogers. United Broth- 
erhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America. 191 
Constitution Ave.. N.W., Washington, D,C, ;000! . 







Merrill, Wise. 


Local 2344 recently presented service pins to 
four of tfieir members with longstanding 

Pictured with President Harold RobI, center, 
are 25-year member Herbert Saeger, left, and 
30-year member Dennis Stiver. 
Not available for the photo were 40-year 
run*!, member Ralph Riesinger and 30-year member 
A gallery of pictures showing some of the senior members of the Broth- George Sladek. 
erhood who recently received pins for years of service in the union. 


The members of Local 1795 recently 
presented their only remaining charter member 
with a plaque honoring his 50 years of service 
to the brotherhood. Henry White was a part of 
the Local's charter efforts which led to its 
institution in 1935 on July 29th, and has served 
as an officer. 


UBC Member George Moore is 91-years old, 
and while he may not be the oldest member, he 
is certainly, at 76 years of membership, one of 
the most longstanding members. Moore started 
his apprenticeship in 1908, in a shipyard, 
working on the ill-fated Titanic. He is a member 
of Local 710 and a regular attendant at his 
local's meetings. 

Hermiston, Ore. — Picture No. 1 


Members with 25, 30, 35, and 40 years of 
service to the Brotherhood were honored 
recently by Local 248. 

Picture No. 1 shows, from left: Business 
Agent Michael Null, 40-year Member Charles 
Osborn, and President Jack Kenney. 

Picture No. 2 shows 35-year members, 
seated, from left: William Dressel, Leonard 
Ruse, Donald Hartman, Charles Hayes, and 
Raymond Gaetz. 

Standing, from left: James Bateman, William 
King, Bernard Walker, Robert Bellner, Albert 
Yohnka, Fred Vergiels, and President Kenney. 

Picture No. 3 shows 30-year members, 
sealed, from left: Guy Barlow, Henry Topel, 
Chester Jadwisiak, and Edward Krzyminski. 

Standing, from left: Steven Romeos, Merle 

Q. ' Q 

Hermiston, Ore. — Picture No. 2 


Local union 933 recently held a special award 
ceremony to honor their long-standing 

Picture No. 1 shows 40-year members, from 
left: Joe Irish, Hubert Senn, Fred Highley, and 
Ralph Wallace. 

Picture No. 2 shows, from left: 30-year 
member Howard Hiskey, and 35-year members 
Ralph Lovell, D.G. Cartos, Leo Riker, and 
Calvin Perry. 

Toledo, Ohio — Picture No. 1 

Walker, Ralph Moore, Robert Green, Merle 
Osborn, and President Kenney. 

Picture No. 4 shows, from left: 25-year 
Member Sylvester Herr and 25-year Member 
Glenn Greisinger. 

Toledo, Ohio — Picture No. 2 

Toledo, Ohio — Picture No. 3 



The members of Local 1506 recently honored 
their brothers who had many years of service to 
the UBC. 

Picture No. 1 shows 73-year member Leo 
Zimmerman receiving a plaque for his years of 
continuous membership. 

Picture No. 2 shows 55-year members, from 
left: George Pluso, William Davis, and Doug 
McCarron, president. 

Picture No. 3 shows 45-year members 
William Cannon, Gabriel Fonseca, Charles 
Graham, Fred Phillips, and Joseph Salamone. 

Picture No. 4 shows 40-year members, from 
left: John Bushman, Warren St. Amant, and 
Floyd Davis. 

Picture No. 5 shows 35-year members: 
Charles Abblett, Alex Akoury, Richard Beedon, 
Robert Bell, David Borden, Daniel Cohan, Jesse 
Crews, Russ Daro, H.F. Dearmond, Clarence 
Duhe, Rudy Encinas, Harold Fountain, Ernest 
Gallegos, John Harrington, William Kimberling, 
Ed Lonergan, Pablo Martinez, Joe [Matthews, Al 
McKee, Ed McKervey, Robert Norton, John 
Parker, Ray Peterson, Ralf Pihl, Pete Poluis, 
Roy Ray, Ron Redmond, Howard Russell, 
Frank Salerni, Lee Spano, Juan St. Amant, 
William True, Don Waite, and K.K. Woodward. 

Picture No. 6 shows some of the following 
30-year members: Manual Aguirre, Curt Ayers, 
George Baler, Robert Barnard, Richard Barrett, 
L. Gene Bauer, Walter Beabout, Claude 
Betebenner, Harold Bogardus, Jacinto Chavez, 
Red Chinery, Verle Daniels, Ralph Diehl, 
William Donovan, Kendall Doss, Billy Duncan, 
Donald Farmer, Walter Faryon, Howard Feay, 
Paul Fridd, Richard Fuentes, Don A.K. Gallego, 
Dick Geluk, Bobby Graham, Cecil Green, Ed 
Henry, Robert Herndon, Ernest Howard, Duane 
Humrich, Malvin Janke, Chris Jensen, Harry 
Johnivin, Ernest Johnson, Robert Kilby, 
Leonard Kilgore, Vernon Kirklen, Woody 
Kneece, Ovide Lahr, Victor Lahr, Charles 
LaSarge, Paul Legault, Richard Leibold, John 
LIntz, Ron Lintz, Fortunato Martinez, Joe 
Metoyer, Earl Mitchell, Peter Moore, J. P. 
Morris, Gilbert Ortez, Raymond Pate, Richard 
Potter, Mike Ramirez, Garland Ray, Loren 

Rogers, Cleo Russell, Robert Salomonson, Pat 
Santilli, Pete Scallion, George Seidel, Wilbert 
Smith, Don Tyler, Paul Urgel, Frank Van 
Voorst, Tony Viggianelli, Al Wiegand, Richard 
Wilson, Harvey Wolf, Robert Ybarra, and Greg 

Pictures No. 7 and 8 show 25-year 

members: Henry Ahrens, Gil Anderson, Leo 
Arsenault, Joseph Axelson, Raffaele Barone, 
Odis Batten, David Berden, Gerald Bergstrom, 
Richard Betzer, Charles Binger, Arden Boren, 
John Brennan, Bradley Burris, Vincent Canepa, 
Robert Carroll, Alberto Castro, Walter Chaney, 
Tony Cole, Ernest Criswell, Willard Cuzzort, 
Fred DeWitt, Robert Duarte, Richard Engh, 
Ronald Firestine, Clayton Franz, Francisco 
Gomez, James Gorman. William Graham, 
Lowell Hartman, Robert Heisler, Lowell 
Helgager, Gordon Helton, Gilbert Herreras, 
John Hopson, Lynn Jacob, Louis Johnson, 
Arthur Lewis, Louis Lopez, Kenneth Martin, 
Terry Matthews, James McFarland, Grant 
McGregor, Jesse McGregor, John Minge, Albert 
Montez, Claude Moore, Dale Morgan, Chuck 
Motonaga, Tom Motonaga, Frank Munoz, Allen 
Nygaard, Donald Obradovich, Louis Ojeda, 
Mario Palumbo, Orville Peters, Emery Peterson, 
Harold Phillips, Nick Prodan, Andrew Rago, 
Warren Russell, Charles Sanders, Don Savage, 
Robert Seburn, Clarence Sekema, George 
Semler, Nick Serbenick. Ralph Stearman, 
Bobby Thomason, John Tozzi, Thelma Treat, 
Abe Valencia, Richard Watson, and Gary 

Receiving pins but not pictured were: 60- 
year members Murray Brydson and Julius Hult: 
55-year members Chris Astrup, Gerard Dot:, 
Charles Garcia, J.R. Hurt, E.T. Johnson, Lloyd 
Johnson, Robert Longcrier, Michael Sack, and 
John Syfrig; 50-year members A.T. Breckell, 
Paul Cook, Stanley Djerf, William Hassen, Olaf 
Kauserud, John Monlon, R.L. Newman, and 
Theodore Reed; 45-year members James 
Brown, Woodrow demons, H.M. Faulkner, 
Svend Frier, Franz Hug, William Krueger, 
Gordon Mclntyre, Forrest Ottman, Elgin Pierce, 
Robert Remy, Floyd Rick, G.A. Scheneker, and 
Leon Tonnies; and 40-year members Delbert 
Bussard, C.J. Campbell, L.W. Messenger, 
William Peek, and Ronald St. Marie. 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Picture No. 1 


Los Angeles, Calif.— Picture No. 2 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Picture No. 3 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Picture No. 4 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Picture No. 5 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Picture No. 6 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Picture No. 7 

Los Angeles, Calif.— -Picture No. 8 

Anchorage, Alaska — Picture No. 1 

Anchorage, Alaska — Picture No. 2 


A pin presentation was recently held for 
those members of Local 715 with 25 years of 
service or more to the UBC. 

Picture No. 1 shows, from left: 45-year 
member Francis Sandford, John A. Williams, 
business representative; and 40-year member 
Vincent Manuzza. 

Picture No. 2 shows, from left: John Vella, 
president; 30-year member Charles Lamb; 35- 
year member John Lipka; 30-year member 
William Bauer; 30-year member Herb Klingebeil; 
and 25-year members Robert Evers, Pasquale 
Saniscalche, Frank Schneider, Armand 
LaMastra, Richard Schenk. and John Williams. 


At a recent regular monthly meeting the 
members of Local 1281 awarded longtime 
brothers with service pins. 

Picture No. 1 shows, from left: 25-year 
members Dale McBride, Bill Buchanan, Marvin 
Kloke, and Haakon Gryte. 

Picture No. 2 shows, from left: 35-year 
members George Elgee, Dick Bruns, and Bill 

Picture No. 3 shows 45-year member 
Leonard Turner. 

Also honored, but 
not present were: 45- 
year member Loyal 
Hawn; 40-year 
members Marcus 
Kvalheim, and Harry 
Vinson; 35-year 
members Tom Barnes, 
Gerry Bolen, C.J. No. 3— Turner 

Payton, and Bill Weaver; 30-year members 
Clyde Christenson, Clyde Corp, Cecil 
Covington,, Armin Kneip, Rudy Siekawitch, and 
T.H, Weatherly; 25-year members Dick Carlson, 
William L. Johnston, Dick Hibpsham, Tony 
Leslie, John Lindekugel, Dick Peterson, 
Thomas Ryan, Keith Starforth, Hayden Stewart, 
Jim Swainston, James Wallace, and Jerry 

Dangler Wymbs Daly 


Local 2250 recently paid tribute to its senior 
members for their years of dedication. 

Picture No. 1 shows 61 -year member Frank 
A. Dangler. 

Picture No. 2 shows 59-year member Roger 

Picture No. 3 shows 59-year member 
Michael H. Daly. 

Picture No. 4 shows 25-year members, front 
row, from left: John J. Duke Sr., Aviadeo T. 
Borsetti, and James L. Goff. Back row, from 
left: Alexander W. Mackenzie, Maurice R. 
Chicarello, and Robert N. Bowden. 

Also honored but not pictured were: 60-year 
members John Kuly, David D. Doss, Fred 
Belmont, and Harry Svendson; 55-year 
members William F. Buchanan, Thomas 
Campbell, Albin Carlson, Michael Kurtz, and 
Rollin Smith; 25-year members Otto H. Corra, 
Patrick C. Madigan, Bertram N. Rockafellow, 
and Harry W, Waters. 

Elizabeth, N.J.— Picture No. 1 

Red Bank, N.J.— Picture No. 4 

Elizabeth, N.J.— Picture No. 2 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

?^ ^ © 



This month marks the beginning of Hugo 
Lindahl's 72nd year as a member of the United 
Brotherhood. Lindahl, 93, originally joined the 
Brotherhood in January, 1914, in Moline, Mi., 
as a member of Local 270. He now resides in 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in his own home and is a 
member of Local 308. 


Members of Local 1693 recently conducted 
their annual 25-year pin presentation. Pictured 
are, from left: Mac W. Goodwin, William Cook, 
executive vice president; James P. Kelly, W. 
Bud Mine, business manager; George Gaydula, 
Thomas B. Masterson, William Gundich, 
financial secretary; and Earl Oliver, president 
and business representative. 



Wilkes-Barre, Penn. 

No. 1 — Johnson No. 2 — Patterson 


Local 943 recently held its annual pin 
presentation, banquet and dance where 
members with long-standing service were 

Picture No. 1 shows 55-year member Vernon 

Picture No. 

Picture No. 
left: Robert K 

Picture No. 

Tulsa, Okla.— Picture No. 3 



2 shows 50-year member George 

3 shows 45-year members, from 
Inglett, and Charles Cecil Tarr. 

4 shows 40-year members, from 

Ira Powell, Charles Yoho, and Louis Amen, Tulsa, Okla, Picture No 4 


Picture No. 5 shows 35-year members, from 
left: Cecil Patterson, and Frank Page. 

Picture No. 6 shows 30-year member Hulon 

Picture No. 7 shows 30-year members, front 
row, from left: Paul Bales, William E. Campbell, 
L.W. Cristie, and Meral Hughes. Back row, 
from left: L.R. McDaniel, Marlin D. White, 
Wallace E. Williams, and Raymond Swetland. 

Picture No. 8 shows 20-year members, from 
left: Bobby J. Badley, Kenneth Ecker, George 
Howard, Harvey Humphrey, and Hank 

but not present were: 65-year 
Johnson: 45-year members 
Tom Griffin, Ralph Miller, 
and L.C. Perkins: 40-year 
Ballard, John L. Cafes, 
and Richard Stanley: 35-year 
members Warren D. Fuller, Austin E. Gann, 
Oliver C. Hawley, and Leonard R. Walker: 30- 
year member Hubert C. Henderson: 25-year 
members Arden E. Carey Jr., Howard L. Davis, 
Benny C. England, Thomas W. Graves, James 
V. Greenburg, Francis E. Mahoney, William J. 
Nugent, Bob D. Payne, Roger Ward, and 
Jimmy D. Sallee: and 20-year members P.J. 
Baldwin, Monroe Coger, Charles W. Duke Jr., 
Cleason E. Elliott, Don Henderson, John H. 
Janzen Jr., Andrew D. Langley, Leon L. Long, 
Jack W. McGlassen, Billy R. Martin, James 
Leroy Oberg, James W. Patty, and Mark 


Local 514 recently awarded pins to members 
with 20 to 65 years of service to the 

Honored guests included, first row from left: 
Paul Markiewicz, 65 years; and 35-year 
members Stanley Glue Sr., William Bartleson, 
Harold Elston, Anthony Repshas, and Clement 

Second row from left: George Koslosky, 35 
years: and 30-year members Wesley Castner, 
Joseph Hudock, Frank Stuccio, Joseph Gryziec, 
and Elliott Rosati. 

Third row from left: 30-year members Gene 
Cossa, James Lombardo, John Nawrocki: 
Rinaldo DiGuiseppe, 25 years: Joseph Russo, 
20 years: Peter George, 20 years; and Edward 
Blazejewski Sr., business representative. 

Fourth row from left: 20-year members 
Stephen Andrasko, Robert Morgan, and Stanley 
Yarmey; 25-year members Robert Tischler, and 
Earl Harvey, and Stanley Soboleski, president. 

Absent from the photo are 45-year members 
Russell Baird, Nicholas Carnevale, Harry 
Meade, Willard Smith; 35-year members 
Richard Harrison, Eugene McNully, Raymond 
Wasenda; 30-year members Arja Brown, Frank 
Gaiteri, Orlando Nati, Herman Salerno, Bernard 
Skulla; 25-year members Robert Jaikes, John 
Ring; and 20-year members Don Allison, 
Raymond Leonard!, Leonard Podrasky Arden 
Roberts, Albert Sweitner, and Faust Valenti. 

Deceased members Peter Coletti and Stanley 
Wolosz, each with 35 years of service were 
also honored 

Also honored, 
member Ray M. 
Ralph Conrad Sr. 
Harry W. Pease, 
members Carl E. 
Clarence Renard, 

Tulsa, Okla-Picture No. 7 

Albert Fridenstine was recently honored for 
his 50 years of membership in Local 1426. 
Presenting his commemerative pin is his great 
nephew, George Fridenstine, president of 



Danville, III. — Picture No. 1 

Danville, III.— Picture No. 3 

Danville, III.— Picture No. 2 

Danville, III.— Picture No. 5 

Danville, III.— Picture No. 4 


Harrisburg, Penn. 


Members of Local 287 recently presented 
service pins to tlieir brothers witli longstanding 
sen/ice to the UBC. Among those honored were 
three members of the Kipp family: Donald Kipp 
received a 45-year pin, David Kipp, a 25-year 
pin. and Paul Kipp a 35-year pin. They are 
pictured here with other honorees. Front row, 
from left: 25-year member William Leininger, 
45-year members Arthur Hippie, Donald Kipp, 
Harry G. Kennedy, and Carl E. Miller, and 25- 
year member Paul Souder. 

Back row, from left: 25-year members 
Randal Shettel, and Edwin Stevens, Paul Kipp, 
25-year members John Stahr, David Kipp, 
Donald Troutman, Robert Kissinger, Frank 
Branchick, Walter Troutman, Anson Mentzer, 
and Franklin Keefer. 

Pins were also presented to 45-year member 
M. Ray Cobaugh, and Earl Murray: 40-year 
member Oelbert Lauver: 25-year members 
Donald L. Brown, Edward Confair, Harold L. 
Dubs, Charles Free, Clayton Harter, James 
Musselman, Robert Neiswender, Miles Smith, 
Carrole R. Wilson, and George McGowan. 


Local 269 members recently paid tribute to 
those who had been UBC members for 20 to 55 
years, in honor of their longstanding service. 

Picture No. 1 shows 20-year members, front 
row, from left: Jerald Vacketta, Morris Glouser, 
Harry Johnson, and Charles Blaker. 

Back row, from left: Dan Packard, Jim 
Dowers, Leonard Craft, Jim Long, Marion 
Gritton, Fred Bates, and Ken Palmer. 

Picture No. 2 shows 25-year members, from 
left: Malcolm Tucker, Elza Dowers, Robert 
Wright, and Fred LeClaire. 

Picture No. 3 shows 30-year members, from 
left: Joshua Frink, Don Ehlenfeld, Fridel 
Gerbsch, Virgil Ferrante, and Clarence Kizer. 

Picture No. 4 shows 35-year members, front 
row, from left: Melvin Hill, Henry Silvestro, 
Denver Walker, Allan Eslock Sr., Craig Jones, 
and Orville Bonenbrake. 

Back row, from left: Walter Wade, August 
Finet, Robert Ehlenfeld, Elmer Engelman, and 
Jim Davis. 

Picture No. 5 shows 40-year members, from 
left: George Cunningham, Jim Shipman, 
Raymond Rouse, Clarence Lutz, and Tom Day. 

Picture No. 6 shows 45-year member Joe 

Not pictured but also honored were: 50-year 
member Wilbur Hiatt; 45-year member J. A. 
McDowell; 40-year members Fay Bales, Charles 
Downing, Russell Huff, John Jarling, and Leo 
Songer; 35-year members Kenneth Bunting, 
Clyde Carney, Clair Evans, Harry Golden, 
Charles Haworth, Ray Hicks, Charles Ice, Frank 
Kizer, George May, Russell Miller, Harry 
Pettegrew, George Porter, Walker Sheffer, 
Kenneth Thornton, Hudson Whitlock, Ernie 
Zandes, George Zick, and Emil Carpenter; 30- 
year members Karl Await, Frank Carroll, Melvin 
Denhart, Gerald Dossey, Harold Farrell, Earl 
Ford Jr., Russell Hall, Elvin Harper, Clarence 
Kilby, Wilson Kinderman, Zeal Machledt, Sam 
Meeker, Joe O'Neal, Lowell Osborne, Dean 
Pearson, Merle Smith, Ruben Standridge, Gary 
Thiede. William Thronton, Clarence Unitis, and 
J.O. Wise; 25-year members Bill Atwood, Don 
Dickerson, Bill Gocking, Bill Pearson Sr., Ocel 
Pearson, and Ed Petkus; 20-year members Ron 
Davis, Paul Hamilton, Richard Pearson, Robert 
Pratt, Roger Thornton and Karl VanSant. 


Avery I. Meadows, 
Local 507, was 
recently presented 
with his 40-year pin. 




in mEmoRinm 

The following list of 473 deceased members and spouses represents 
a total of $799,158.54 death claims paid in November, 1984; (s) 
following name in listing indicates spouse of members 

Local Union. City 

1 Chicago, IL — Delbert E, Jones. 
7 Minneapolis, MN — Chester L. Hanson, Joe Overby, 
Paul Hendrickson. 

11 Cleveland, OH— Anthony J. Sourek. Evers D. Young, 
Katherine Duale (s), Paul Davidson, Thomas J. 

12 Syracuse, NY — Robert E. Scruton. 

13 Chicago, IL — Albert Vanderschalie. 

14 San Antonio, TX — Arnold M. Bauer. Pablo E. Mar- 

17 Bronx. NY — Arthur Gustafson. Dominick Defeo, 
Emil Ohvier. Ernest Isberg. 

18 Hamilton, Ont. CAN— Andrew Molnar. 

19 Detroit, MI — Eliger Beach, Susie Rawls (s). 

20 New York, NY— John A. Olson. 

22 San Francisco, CA — Jake V, Simonich. Melvin H 

Bridwell, William L. Grice, 
24 Central, CT — Dominic Lacerenza, Herman Passeck, 

Mary M. Kalisz (s). Ruth Bongiorno (s). 

26 East Detroit, MI— Milton L. Poll. 

27 Toronto, Ont. CAN— Barnett Waite. Harry White. 

34 Oakland, CA — Carmen N. Gallegos (s). 

35 San Rafael, CA — Carrie Clementine Locati (s). Mary 
T. Amaral (s). 

36 Oakland, CA — Billie Cleone Simpson (s). James H 
Daniels. Robert Pope. 

40 Boston, MA — Angelo Aresco. 

42 San Francisco, CA — Lorenzo Morri, 

43 Hartford, CN— Clifford Carlson, Frank Borowski. 
Joseph M. Moynihan. Joseph S. Turek. 

44 Champaign/Lirbana, IL — Murrei D. Amdor (s). 
48 Fitchburg, MA — William Flmkstrom. 

50 Knoxville, TN— Hugh S. Bracken, W. T. Bryson. 

53 White Plains, NY — Eric Anderson. 

55 Denver, CO— Dell R. Wilson, Dolores E, Harnson 

(s). Len Weathers. Valerie Rosenberg (s). 
58 Chicago, IL^ — Albert Gombert. jarvis Danielson. 

Marion Lyons (s). Robert M. Knudtson. 

60 Indianapolis, IN — Estel Cauble. 

61 Kansas City. MO— Francis H. Ponclet. 

63 Bloomington, IL — Vincent Murphy. 

64 Louisville, KY — Bernard Owen, Clyde V. Nichols. 
Elizabeth Peak (s). Jewel T. Struble (s), Joe Littrell. 
Lloyd B- Reid. Walter Freeman. 

65 Perth Amboy, NJ— Waiter Buhlmann. 

66 Glean, NY— Carl Sundeen. Edward R. Roller. 

67 Boston. MA— Fred S. Risser. 

69 Canton, OH— Frank J. Rohrer. Glen C. Gamble. 

73 St. Louis, MO — Grover Lee. 

74 Chattanooga. TN — Clydia Lucille Yancv (s), Edwin 
A. Miller. 

78 Troy, NY — Aaron J. Gooley, John Heiko, 
80 Chicago, IL— Eugene A. Ravenstein. 
83 Halifax, N.S., CAN— Ann Voigt (s). John Philias 
Comeau, Thomas Grandy. 

93 Ottawa. Ont. CAN— Lucien Bernard Belanger. 

94 Providence, RI — Carlo Esposito. Domenic Soscia. 

100 Muskegon, MI — Carohne Dejonge (s), Eugene Wis- 

101 Baltimore, MD — Charles R. Loudenslager. 

102 Oakland, CA— Aaron M. Fry. 

103 Birmingham. AL— Hubert F. Burgess. Luther Myrex. 
105 Cleveland, OH— Helen Marie Neill (s). James P. 

Sweeny. Joseph Adams. 
117 Albany. NY — Arthur O. Giguere. John F. Moore. 

Lucian Holland. 
122 Philadelphia. FA — Alfeo Rosa. David Thompson. 

131 Seattle, WA— Carl A. Twedl. Edward C. Fisher. 
George Kukkonen, Herbert L. Ward, S. R. Shor- 

132 Washington, DC — Alex Buckus, Francis Austin. 
James A. Lucas. 

133 Terre Haute, IN— Glenn E, Smith. 
135 New York, NY— Hyman Kiper. 
142 Pittsburgh, PA— Pearl E. Meier (s). 

144 Macon, GA— Bobby G. Knight. King H. Porlerfield, 
Naomi L. Nona Dubose (s). William T. Bridges. 

146 Schenectady, NY — Ann Ingrato (s) 

165 Pittsburg, PA — Michael Guastaferro. 

171 Youngstown, OH— Donald R. Weaver. Jr. 

174 joliet. II.— Jesse W. Painter, 

176 Newport, RI— Carl L. Medeiros. 

182 Cleveland, OH— Hermine F. Grail (s), Wasvl Bily. 

184 Salt Lake City, UT— Richard Demille, Sverre Swen- 

186 Steubenville, OH — Frederick J. Thompson. 

195 Peru, IL — Edward Arnolts. 

198 Dallas, TX— Birdie Lake (s), Frank Robertson. James 
J. Nixon. Willie M, Mayhew. 

200 Columbus, OH— Michael F. Sheskey, 

201 Wichita, KS— Ivan Josiah Harwick. 

203 Poughkeepsie, NY— Dawn Ann Croft (s). 

213 Houston, TX — John B. Yawn. Jr.. Lonnie E. McGraw. 

R. V, Breland. Jr. 

218 Boston. MA— Robert J. Hussey, Stanley E. Mitchall. 

220 Wallace, ID— Edwin Nedros. 

229 Glens Falls, NY— Lawrence Thayer. 

232 Fort Wayne, IN — Oscar Thunberg. 

242 Chicago, II. — John M. Liese. 

250 Lake Forest, 11^-- Waller G, Ertl. 

255 Bloomingburg, NY— Aida Maria Egiziano (s). 

256 Savannah, GA — Byron Lamar Lord. 

Local Union. City 

257 New York, NY— Dominick Pangia (si. Jack Chlieb. 

260 Berkshire County, MA — Ottavio Giarolo. 

261 Scranton, PA — Edna M, Callahan (s). Nicholas Scar* 

264 Milwaukee, WI— Oscar Koller. 

265 Saugerties, NY — John Tervo. 

272 Chicago HeighLs, IL — Chester Cameron. 

275 Newton, MA — Salvatore Pasquale. 

286 Great Falls, MT— Frank Curlin, R. S. Martin. 

296 Brooklyn. NY— Herald Kultim. 

297 Kalamazoo, MI— Edwin M, Laroy, Evert Doornbos. 
302 Huntington, WV— Thomas E. Whaley. 

311 Joplin, MO— Fred Miller. 

314 Madison, WI — Frank O. Braun. Fred Ramharter. 

316 San Jose, CA — Bea C, Overstreei. Christina F. 

Herrera (s). Roy B. Blake, 
320 Augusta, ME— Gerald P, York. 
343 Winnipeg, Mani. CAN — Eino Polkonen. Joaquim 

Correira. Peter Derenchuk. 
345 Memphis, TN— William B, Head, 

347 Mattoon, IL — Edna Virginia F"oreman (s). 

348 New York, NY— Arthur Boucher, Arthur Haapanen. 
Henry Misa. Michael Banish. 

350 New Rochelle. NY— Hanibal Acocella. 

359 Philadelphia. PA— Michael Raab. 

362 Pueblo. CO— Louis V. Kulp. 

369 North Tonawanda, NY — Thomas Keating, 

377 Alton, IL— Ross Penrod. Sr. 

379 Texarkana, TX — Isaac C. Secrest, 

398 Lewiston. ID— Selh Pace. 

410 Ft. Madison & Vic, lA— Juanita L. Schmidt (s). 

417 St. Louis, MO— Anna R. Smith (s), Clarissa M. 

Heinz (si. Edwin Timmerman. Josephine L, Hor- 

enkamp (s). 
422 New Brighton. PA— Lenora Black (s). 

452 Vancouver. B.C., CAN— Ellen Maruk (s), Phillip 

453 Auburn, NY — Kenneth A. Payne, 
458 Clarksville, IN— William H. Grav. Sr. 

483 San Francisco. CA— Alton H. Shotwell. Warren Dale 

493 Mt. Vernon. NY— Alvard Wingberg, Fred Miller 
512 Ann Arbor, MI— Virginia J, Sweel (s), 
514 Wilkes Barre, PA— Budd C. Hirieman, 
526 Galveston. TX — Frank Capuano. 
541 Washington. PA— Harold E, Ferrell. 
550 Oakland. CA— Claire V. Silveira (s), Edward H, 

Disselkamp, Jerrv Plait, Winton Prine, 
559 Paducah, KY— Marshall G. Baker. 
563 Glendale, CA — W. D. Newcomer. 
569 Pascagoula. MS— Clifton T. White, Joseph N. Sub- 



Sacramento. CA— Daniel 1. Nevjs, Harry A. Schwalm, 

Lynn. MA^ — Arnold Gilmour. Irene M. Gamache (s). 

Sl. Louis. MO — Mark Twain Tedder, 

Madison, NJ — Fred A, Lucia. 

Bangor. ME — Charles Freeman Miles, Gorilla M, 

Rowe (s). 

Wilmington, DE — Clarence S. Bennett. 

Madison. IL — Matt Schiber. 

Akron. OH — Raymond M. Jordan, 

Pomeroy, OH — Roy Gallian, 

Amarillo. TX— Orvial L, Bennett. 

Palo Alto, CA — Goerge R. Moore. Marie T, Berg- 

Strom is). 

Poison, MT— Laurence Wiberg Anderson. 

Dubuque, lA— Madonna C Kruse (s). 

Little Rock, AR— Harley James Red, 

Covington, KY — Frank E. Hellman, Rufus Doolin. 


Lockland, OH — Alvin Vonbargen. 

Long Beach. CA — Roger E. Peterson. 

Elizabeth, NJ — Caroline E Brown (s). 

Los Angeles, CA — Antonio C. Galicia. Ame Solberg. 

Evelain Mane Wood (s). Gabriel A. Zepeda. Joseph 


Mansfield. OH — Joseph G. Parella, 

Cincinnati. OH — Donald Bearss. 

Decatur. IL — Adam Broske, 

Bakersfietd, CA — Fred C. Hassman. 

Honolulu, HI — Agnes E. Abe (s). 

Oswego, NY— Harold Dear. 
756 Bellingham, WA— Otto Hanssen. 
764 Shreveport, LA — Margie Lee Kelly (s). 

Yakima. WA — Floyd McFarland. Ida K. Harris (s). 

James C. Moore. 

Astoria, OR— Allen W. May. 

Princeton, NJ— Russell W. Smith. 

St. Louis. MO— Donald J. Hughes. 

New Bethlehem. PA— Ethel E. Miller (s). 

West Palm Beach. FL— Phillis J. Thornburg (s|. 

Janesville, WI — Reino Maki. 

Canoga Park, CA — Brenda C, Page (s). 

Lethbdge. Alta.. CAN — Eugene Dudley. 

Tucson. AZ — John Gross. Lloyd F, Buis. Rov F. 


Hot Springs, AR — Farris A. Merrilt. 

Brooklyn. NY — Isak. Isaksen. 

Valdosta, GA— Auburn Parrish. Jr. 

Portsmouth. NH — John E. Peterson. 

Salinas. C\ — Elmer Frank Wasson, Willie May 

Myhre (s). 













938 Richmond. MO— Philip R. Talley. 

943 Tulsa, OK— Tenissa L. Eads (s|. 

944 San Bernardino, CA— Leonard J. Craig, William T. 

945 Jefferson City, MO— Bernie Wyrick. 

955 Applelon. WI— Harry Gebheim. Leiah Winkler (s). 

973 Texas Citv, TX — Matiie Mav Montgomery (s). 

978 Springfield, MO— Glen Kelb- 

982 Detroit, MI— Ediih Bendell (s). Jean M. Tunks (s). 
Lawrence Peters. William Young, 

993 Miami. FL— Edward W. Abbe. Paul Bryan. 

998 Royal Oak, MI— Albert T. Wallers. David Beiller. 
1005 Merrillville. IN— Dorothy Jones (s). Glenn E. Wright 
1024 Cumberland, MD — James E. Martin. Lester Mul- 

1026 Miami, FL — Ivan D, Hardyman. Judy Lee Kerrigan 


1027 Chicago, Il^Edna K. Shimkus (s). 
1036 Longview. WA— Alvin D, Cliffton. 

1042 Plattsburgh. NY— Carl W, Skeels. 

1043 Gary. IN— Philip G. Cook. 

1052 Hollywood. CA — Charles Homer GrOus. Joseph 

1053 Milwaukee^ WI— Albert G. Dzick. Irene M, Hollon 

1065 Salem, OR— Mortimer F, Brown. 

1067 Port Huron. MI— Harold Vanderzyl, 

1078 Fredericksburg, VA — Joseph B. Harding. 

1084 Angleton, TX— Ada Belie Davidson (s). 

1100 Flagstaff, AZr— James Bagwell. Roy P. Sweet. 

1108 Cleveland. OH— Arthur G. Wengatz. August E. 

From me r, 

1113 San Bernardino. CA — Anna Ruth Ueland is). 

1120 Portland, OR— Gaetano Piccolo. Harold Clifton. 

Herman E, Hilken. 

1125 Los Angeles, CA — Lois K, Roosa (s). 

1140 San Pedro, CA — Louise Salazar (s). 

1141 Baltimore. MD— Claude R. Lawson. 

1147 Roseville, CA— Luther E. Cole. 

1148 Olvmpia. WA — John E, Kangas. 

1150 Saratoga Springs, NY— Leon M. Venty. William W. 

1164 New York, NY— Emil Klein. Fred Jaklitsch. 
1172 Billings, MT— Jay A. Henman. 

1184 Seattle, WA— Gisle Aurelius Larsen. 

1185 Chicago, IL — Theresa G. Fink (s). 

1274 Decatur, AL— John W, Graves. Orville L, Keel, 

1280 Mountain View, CA — Lee A. Mullen. 

1281 Anchorage, AK — Rosine Florence Westover (s), 
1289 Seattle, WA— Edward Koback. Stanley L. Gibbons. 

William F, Daschner. 
1305 Fall River. MA— David F, Driscoll. 
1308 Lake Worth, FL^James E. Martin, 

1310 St. Louis, MO — James Lossos. 

1311 Dayton, OH — Charles F. Moore. Edward L. Jones. 
John Palotas. 

1319 Albuquerque, NM — Oscar L. Murry. 

1325 Edmonton, Alta.. CAN — George Chrapko. 

1333 State College, PA— Emil Hirsch. 

1342 Irvington, NJ — Frank A. Tirico. Marion McClary 

Herod Is). Saher Tuiko, 

I35I Leadville. CO — James Kemp. 

1386 Province of New Brunswick — Theodore Gordon. 

1394 Ft. Lauderdale, Fl^-Gregory S, Staats, 

1403 Watertown, WI— Richard Strohbusch, 

1404 Biloxi, MS— George Meaul, 

1407 San Pedro. CA — Frank Luevano, 

1408 Redwood Citv. CA— Harold Pierce. Harry S. Courter. 
Waller J. Fiebig, 

1419 Johnstown. PA— Ada M, Price is) 

1425 Sudbury, Ont.. CAN— Ronald Matthews. 

1437 Compion. C.'X- Arthur Thomas 111. Paul H. Barnes. 

1452 Detroit, MI— Robert Kolt. 

1453 Huntington, Beach, C.'V- Clifford P. Sparke, William 
C. Slater, Wilson F. Loper, 

1460 Edmonton, Alta, CAN— Austin V. Hall. 
1485 La Porte. IN— James SchroIT. 
1489 Burlington. NJ— Edward P. Fowler. Russell C, Wil- 
1497 E. Los Angeles, CA— Woodrow W. Jinks, 
1536 New York, NY — George Rahner, Lena Benini (si. 
1539 Chicago. ll^Harold Henschel. 
1571 East San Diego. CA— Benny G. Chrisiensen. Feme 

F Magar (s). John B. Collins. Owney C. Cote. 
1588 Sydney, NS. CAN— Lome V. Maclean. 
1592 Sarnia. Ont.. CAN— Margarel Josephine Robb (s). 

Ronald McCabe. 
1622 Havward. CA — Gilbert J, Siiva. Joyce Heckaihom 

1632 S. Luis Obispo, C.\— Howard W. Gilbert. 
1635 Kansas Citv. MO— Joseph A, Pfeifer 
1644 Minneapolis, MN— Martha L. Carlson (s), 
1665 Alexandria. VA— Herbert R. Waters. Howard G. 

1669 Ft. William. Ont., CAN— Pekka Viheriasalo. 
1693 Chicago. 11^— Ida F. Dahlslrom (s). 
1699 Pasco, WA— Elmer N. Rummel. Fern C. Trantham 

1715 Vancouver. WA— Marie Eugenia Moore (s). Ronald 

M, Wiseman. 
1723 Columbus. GA— William F. Starling 
1746 PorUand, OR— Clarence E. Monks. 
1752 Pomona, CA— Elfnede A. Tull (s). 



Local Union. On- 










Cape Girardeau. MO — Durward R- Haynes. 
Columbus. IN — Alfred H. Vonslrohe. 
Las Vegas, N\' — Joseph R. Lavallee. Pauline .A 
Bruce (s)- 

Monroe. LA — Benjamin F. Wilhite, Glenda Diannc 
Wlllhile (s), 

Santa Ana, CA — George F. Mclntire. Paul Ogilvie. 
Raymond J Potter, William McAndrew. 
Babylon. NY — Robert Babcock. Salvatore Pravala- 
Washington. MO — George C- Love. 
New Orleans, L.A — Earl E. Hardouin. Sr.. Milton L. 
Donnell. Wilben M. Dorsey. 
Pasco. W A — Chris N. Enckson. Sr. 
North Kansas. MO— Mildred L. Dietz (si. 
Cleieland. OH— Rita M. Stanton (s). 
Warrensburg, MO — Glen F. Alvis, 
Los Angeles. C.A — Frank Rosenberg. Robert Gaslon, 
Los Gatos. C.A — John R. Fiousley. 
Ocean County. NJ — Calvin P. Brown. 
San Diego. C.A — Joseph D. Gafa. Vernon B Keller, 
Front Royal. \\ — Garland Robert Broy. 
Kingsbeach. CA — E\eKn Hacker (si. 
Gilbertsville. KY— Merrell D, Miller. 
Milwaukee. WI — Lydia M. Maternowski (si. 
Moorefieid. WV — Vernon A. Helmick 
New City. NY— Scott E. Dayton 
Napa. C.A — Henry P. Genlry. 
Rock Island. IL — Raymond Henry Puetsch. 
San Francisco. CA — Algol F. Falk. 
Uenatchee. \VA— Melvin C, Bull. 
Newark. .NJ — Ernest Grunn. George Sabanosh. 
Los Angeles, CA— Wendal H. Baker. 
Grand Rapids, Ml — Bertha Hanev (si. Earl Neville- 
New York. NY— Oliver Smeland.Paul Wallisch. 
Los .Angeles. C.A — Jesse C. McCoy. Martin Carlson. 
Roscoe H .Anderson. 
Lock Haven. PA — Florence M. Douty (s). 
Corinth, MS — Larry W. Campbell. 
Columbia. TN — Lettie Lois Givens (s). 
El Cajon. C.A — Orville E. Thomas. 
\ ancouver. BC, CAN — Marcelle Leona Pontious (s). 
Florence. CO — Harry O. Evans. 
Quesnel BC. CAN— Nicolas Diakiw. 
Seattle. \VA — .Arthur M. Seehafer. Emil Reddeman. 
Quesnel. BC. CAN — Manlyn Joan Heywood. 
Lebanon. OR — William Kneale, 
Grand Fall. Nfi.. CAN— Moody Dove. Ronald Col 

Coos Bay, OR — Augusta J. Anderson. 
Lafayette. IN— Marshall C. Fullz. 
Tacoma. \V,A — Clarence Goerger. 
Standard. CA — Robert A, Tarbel. 
Toronto. Ont., CAN— Paul Lize. 
Dallas. OR— Melvin Earl Stuwe. Mildred Berg (s). 
Morton. U'A — Frank Klepach. 
Sweet Home, OR — Olner Howard Goodwin. 
Emmett. ID — Helen Thompson (s). 
Burns. OR — Fred Bemal. Ruby Arglee Nichols (s) 
Baker. OR— Claude Stuart Follett. 
Merrill. WI— Charles Colter. 
Omak. W.A — George Emerson Baleham. 
London. Ont.. CAN — Shirley I. Taylor 
Toledo. OR — Leiand J. Loomis. 
Stockton. CA — Claude B. Stockton. Lee Carter. 
Marjone Lobosco. 

Murfreesboro. NC — John W. Brooks. Moses Brooks. 
Wilhe James Clark. 
.Aberdeen, WA — Adam Winkle. 
Maywood. C.A — Jose Galvan. 
Pompano Beach. FL — Margaret Heckenberger (st. 
Madison. IN — Myrene Leach Gross (s). 
Elizabethtown. KY— Dorothy T. Phillips (s). 
Province of Quebec. LCL. 134-2 — Aline Martin (si. 

"I know voii're telling them to 
•BUY UNION', but you should em- 
phasize tha: U and I." 

Future Living 

Continued from Page 16 

will come out, and everyone will leave." 
he says. New management techniques 
will ensure a steady, if expensive, water 
supply for the ne.xt century, he believes. 

New Mexico, Georgia, and the Car- 
olinas will be destinations for the el- 
derly, a growing segment of migratory 
Americans, says Dr. Jeanne Biggar, an 
associate professor of sociology at the 
University of Virginia who follows the 
living patterns of the aging. The four 
states are among those making special 
efforts to build recreational communi- 
ties for retired Americans. 

Elderly widows and other single peo- 
ple might make homes in "mingles"" 
units, says Bruce Stokes, who made a 
global study of housing for WorldWatch 
Institute. These dwellings, built for non- 
related people who can"t afford houses 
or condominiums of their own, would 
have two or more master bedrooms and 
a shared living room and kitchen. 

Condominiums still will be popular, 
but high-rise apartment buildings — the 
intended answer to a population crunch 
that never came — will become almost 
extinct, Stokes says. 


He and other housing specialists be- 
lieve the 20th century's "'dream home,"" 
with several bedrooms and multi-car 
garage, will be the 21st century"s di- 

High prices of land, building mate- 
rials, labor, and energy, they say, will 
make those new homes as undesirable 
as a gas-guzzler in an energy crisis. 
And falling birth rates may mean a 
dearth of buyers for the large homes 
already in existence. 

Some population directions will 
scarcely budge. The nation's population 
center is expected to be in eastern 
Missouri in 2000, only 40 miles west of 
where it is today. 

Parker Retires 

Continued from Page 13 

White House Conference on Productiv- 
ity and instigated "800"" telephone 
numbers on national UBC television 
commercials that callers could receive 
information about the UBC, Parker also 
leaves the ongoing Operation Turn- 
around program that continues to com- 
bat the growing open-shop movement 
in the North American construction 
industry. But perhaps the greatest honor 
of all was when Hampton, S.C, Local 
3130, the local to which Parker now 
belongs, named their headquarters 
building in his honor — the James A, 
Parker Hall. 

Economic Complacency 

Continued from Page 3 

to move some production overseas, 
including such companies as Inger- 
soil-Rand, a heavy equipment com- 
pany: Bechman Industries, a labo- 
ratory equipment designer; and 
Hewlett Packard, a high-tech com- 


Another problem for the econ- 
omy is that historically high levels 
continue in what are called "real" 
interest rates, or the rate of interest 
in comparison to the rate of infla- 
tion. Traditionally interest rates have 
only been a few points higher than 
the inflation rate, rather than the 
4-8% spread of today. That means 
that interest-sensitive sectors of the 
economy like housing, construc- 
tion, shipbuilding, and utilities con- 
tinue to be squeezed. The differ- 
ence between the 9% mortgage rate 
(common in 1978) and a 12% mort- 
gage rate (on a regular 30-year 
mortgage) is more than the total 
labor and material costs of a house. 
For example, on a $70,000 mort- 
gage, payments at 9% total $203,000 
over 30 years; whereas at a 12% 
mortgage, the total is $259,000. The 
high interest rates also have a se- 
vere impact on the Federal govern- 
ment deficits. Interest payments on 
the national debt have risen from 
$53 billion in 1980 to $130 billion in 

Other problems that continue to 
threaten the economy are bank fail- 
ures, which rose to post-depression 
high levels in 1984, and the fear of 
foreign countries defaulting on their 
huge debts to the U.S. 

Thus, the outlook for 1985 must 
be tempered by the many problems 
that continue to plague the econ- 
omy. While the forecasters con- 
tinue to project further economic 
growth, economists are concerned 
with the risk of another recession. 
If the economic forecast were like 
the weather forecast, then the out- 
look should include a ""30% possi- 
bility" of another downturn. In short, 
it's no time for complacency, but a 
time for a willingness to recognize 
the problems our economy faces 
and to do something about it — 
preferably, something fair and eq- 




Larry Charles of Seattle. U.i-h . didn't 
have his wheelbarrow, and a tnend had 
loaned his out. He had to mix a small batch 
of concrete. He hit upon the idea of stirring 
up his dry mi.x and water in a heav\ duty 
plastic bag. such as is used by some com- 
panies to store rock. sand, and gravel. 

Now he's manufacturing and marketing 
"Minit Mixer." an orange-colored polyeth- 
ylene bag. 18'/: by 33 inches, that 11 take a 
full 60- or 90-pound bag of dry mix and in a 
minute or two of muscle action produce 
concrete that's ready to pour. 

Larry Charles will sell you one or 
more of his Minit Mixers at S2.50 ^ 
each, plus 50e handling, or a total of 
S3 each. 

Write: Minit Mixer. Department 
700. P.O. Box 69241. Seattle. Wash. 


.American Lung .^ssn 25 

Clifton Enterprises - - ''6 


Marsupial Enterprises . 

. . . 39 


""The Beam Machine." a chainsaw at- 
tachment, cuts structural timbers from logs, 
on a work site. It's ideal for log cabin 
building, making dados in logs or beams, 
and it is useful as a cut-off saw. 

The device was developed by Ted .Mather, 
a member of Local 1882 Campbell River, 
B.C.. while he was laid off in 1981. 

The Beam Machine eliminates the strain 
of using a chainsaw because it supports the 
weight of the saw and provides you with a 
smooth, leveraged sawing motion. The de- 
sign is simple, sturdy, and it comes with a 
lifetime guarantee on materials and work- 
manship. The Beam Machine can be at- 
tached quickh to any chainsaw. and any 
size board can be cut. To operte it. simply 
set the chainsaw bar in its special clamp and 
tighten the screws, according to Mather. 
Then nail a 2x4 on a log. position the saw 
and mill on the 2x4. and cut away. The 
unique dog-teeth work with a rolling action 
to "walk" the chainsaw down the log. mak- 
ing a straight, fiat cut. 

The device is of solid steel construction, 
and its hardened serrated safety bit clamp 
and 2 set screws hold the saw firmly in place. 

The suggested mail-order price is S33.95 
but .Mather discounts it to S25.00 for union 
members. Both pnces include shipping and 
handling costs. For further information, or 
to order a Beam Machine, write: The Beam 
Machine. 3023 362nd Street. S.E.. Fall City. 
Washington 98024. 

The Beam Machine 
is guided by a 2" x 
4" attached to the 


PLEASE NOTE; A report on new products and 
processes on this page in no way constitutes an 
endorsement or recommendation. All performance 
claims are based on statements by the manufac- 

Marsupial Enterprises' patent-pending, 
speed square belt link was developed by and 
for the carpenter. It eliminates the problem 
of carrying this valuable carpenter's tool. 
No more getting poked in the back or taking 
up the entire large pocket of your pouch. 
Simply slide the speed square on to your 
belt (the belt link will accommodate belts 
up to IVz' wide), and you are now ready to 
use your speed square. 

The unique ""'Velcro" type closure makes 
it an easy, one-hand operation — just peel to 
remove and press to reattach. Your 6" or 
12" speed square now hangs freely fro.m your 

The speed square belt link is S4.95 postage 
paid or comes free for a limited time when 
our complete pouch assembly is purchased. 
For more information or to order, write to: 
Marsupial Enterprises. P.O. Box 1416. 
Elgin. IL 60120 


Asbestor—The Deadly Dust is the title of 
a new booklet produced by the L'BC De- 
partment of Occupational Safety and Health. 
It covers the dangers of asbestos, exposure 
levels in the workplace. OSH.'\ standards, 
and how to control asbestos exposures. 
Particular attention is paid to the problem 
in construction where exposures are highest. 
This publication addresses one of the most 
senous hazards faced by our members. Cop- 
ies of the booklet have been sent to all local 
unions. .Additional copies are available from 
the UBC Safetv Department. 101 Constitu- 
tion Ave.. N.W.. Washington. D.C. 20001 


• Durability of leather, at 1/5 the weight • Washable 

• Bartacked/ brass riveted at all major stress pts. 

• Buckle-less belt w/velcro closure • Will not mildew | 

• Contours to the body • Peel & stick custom fit i ^ l_5;^ occ 

• Pouch has 6 oversize pockets & Heavy duty hammer si. ij Alrsrciininl 

• Tape Holder holds I'x 25' tapes • 1 year guaranty. ^Jg^ ^-W^jr*^ 

_ t/i ^ "ctr 1 


J > C£ >- — 

CO., S- 


O ^ z -i - 

p.r. £0* ■ 




There are Corporate 
Mergers, and 
There are Union 
Mergers, but 
There's a difference 

One bleeds workers and their families; 
the other gives them strength. 

There was a front-page article in The Wall Street 
Journal, last month, with a headline which said in 
part: "Unions Seek Mergers to Retain Their Clout."" 

The article points out that there have been 29 
mergers of national and international unions in the 
past six years and that these mergers have been 
entered into so that the unions can achieve cost 
savings, make organizing easier, and "prevent deaths 
in the family"' of the AFL-CIO. 

Then, if you thumb through the pages of that same 
Wall Street Journal, you read stories of corporation 
mergers — stock splits, increased dividends, company 
acquisitions, "golden parachutes" (bonus arrange- 
ments for executives), and other maneuverings of big 
business, accomplished through mergers. 

This is, indeed, a time of mergers — corporate 
mergers and, on occasion, union mergers. They are 
both mergers of money and people, but the similarity 
stops there. There is a whale of a difference between 
the two! 

You will find, if you stick with a corporate merger 
history long enough, that some big-business mergers 
are created to pool bank accounts, investments, and 
other assets so that the executive officers of the 
merging companies can get increased income— some- 
times two, three, four, or more salaries, because, 
frequently each company involved in a merger has a 
board of directors, and the chief executive officers 
(often called "CEOs'") sit on each board of each 
subsidiary company and draw stipends. 

Along with a merger comes the consolidation from 
each of real property — or real estate — and the selling 
off of "marginal"" plants and plant sites. There are 
profits to be made from subsidiary companies every 
step of the way, and there are windfall profits for the 
corporate attorneys and the tax attorneys who draw 
up all the papers and the certified public accountants 
who actually created the conglomerate- 
Often, the only people who lose in corporate 
mergers and corporate "takeovers'" are the wage 
earners in the companies merged — that long list of 
little people supplied by Personnel, particularly the 
seniors on the verge of retirement, the "new hires,"" 

and those left behind by the "high-tech" develop- 
ments in the industry. Sometimes, an entire industrial 
plant is closed down because its profits are not up to 
those of other plants in "union-free environments." 

There are, of course, corporate mergers which 
make sense, due to unforeseen circumstances. With 
unfair foreign competition being what it is today, 
there are instances where mergers are necessary to 
save a sinking domestic company or industry. There 
are industrial plants which suffer because of changing 
markets, and management looks around for some 
guardian angels to take them over. If management 
has human compassion in such cases, there is sev- 
erance pay for employees laid off, retraining, and 
other steps taken to ease the blow. ■ 

All too often, however, the company employees 
and the community they serve are simply expendable. 

There's a famous story about a railroad tycoon of 
a century ago named Jay Gould, who was trying to 
defeat the Railroad Brotherhoods in their attempts 
to organize his railroad. Gould had instructed his 
managers to charge the highest rates possible to the 
railroad"s customers. Gould was warned that the 
public might soon be in sympathy with the railroad 
unions if the high rates continued, to which Gould 
replied, "The public be damned!"" He boasted, "I 
can hire one half of the working class to kill the other 
half."" Those were the days of the big business 

We"ve come a long way since those days, but that 
high-handed attitude still appears from time to time 
today, as unions deal with employers. Fortunately, 
there are laws on the books today to prevent the 
worker oppression of a century ago — anti-trust laws, 
legal protections against arbitrary injunctions, and 
government regulations which monitor the public 

Unfortunately, the deregulation fever which struck 
the Federal Government during the first four years 
of the Reagan Administration has not completely 
subsided, and it could rise again, adding to wage- 
earner woes and causing the "public be damned" 
attitude to creep back into the nation's labor-man- 
agement relations once more. 

In May of last year I joined with my fellow members 
of the AFL-CIO Executive Council in approving a 
general statement on "the corporate takeover binge."" 
We said at that time: 

"Instead of investing in new plants and machinery 
and creating jobs for the future of America, corpo- 
rations have gone on a takeover binge and have 
engaged in leveraged buy-outs, stock speculation and 
wild bidding wars. These actions are designed to 
achieve enormous profits for the already rich without 
adding a single additional job. They do nothing to 
improve the competitiveness of American firms in 
the international arena but rather amount to little 
more than executive mud wrestling. Tax policies and 
bank lending policies fuel the craze for the buying 
and selling of corporations. 

"In these takeovers, no account is taken of the 
interests of the employees involved. Employees are 



traded and bartered as chattel in the corporate wars 
for control and fast profits. Workers' wages, working 
conditions, pensions and even their jobs are threat- 
ened by divestitures and takeovers. 

"The takeovers are encouraged by the Reagan 
deregulation fever, and the failure of the Justice 
Department and the Federal Trade Commission to 
rigorously enforce anti-trust laws. The Securities and 
Exchange Commission fails to require adequate no- 
tice and accounting for the actions of financial stock 
manipulators. . . . 

"The new tax law's accelerated depreciation pro- 
visions encourage the acquisition and divestiture of 
assets strictly for tax avoidance, not for investment 
purposes. Some firms are being bought solely for 
their tax losses, to be used to reduce tax liabilities. 

"Banks aid and abet the takeover mania by ex- 
tending tens of billions of dollars in credit to com- 
peting takeover aspirants. These credit commitments 
tend to raise overall interest rates and limit the ability 
of banks to make other, more productive loans. In 
the leveraged buy-out schemes, a few executives 
obtain bank loans collateralized by the corporation's 
assets to purchase controlling stock interest in a 

"The laissez-faire policies of the Reagan Admin- 
istration encouraging takeovers and cannibalization 
of corporations must be changed. The interests of 
employees and consumers must be taken into ac- 
count. The tax policies and credit policies that favor 
takeovers need to be changed. 

"Specifically, we call for: 

• prohibiting huge conglomerate mergers 

• changing tax laws to limit the repeated depreciation 
of assets through mergers and acquisitions, to limit 
the carry-over of tax losses, and to limit capital gains 
treatment of such profits 

• credit control legislation to restrict extension of credit 
for large mergers or leveraged buy-outs (involving 
more than $100 million in credit) 

• guarantees for workers' pensions as part of divestiture 
and takeover arrangements 

• protection of workers and consumer interests affected 
by divestiture or takeover 

• restricting foreign acquisition of firms engaged in 
operations related to national security 

• curbing "golden parachutes'" 

• federal chartering of major corporations 

• prohibiting interlocking directorates of major firms 
and banks 

• temporarily prohibiting any more mergers in the oil 

• limiting media concentration 

• restricting interstate banking and non-bank acqui- 
sitions by bank holding companies as well as limiting 
financial activities of non-banking institutions." 

These, then, are corporate mergers. What, then, 
of union mergers? Who and what do they accomplish' 

Union mergers, in every case 1 know of, are 
arranged for the betterment of the union members 
involved and frequently for the good of an industry 
as well. Recent mergers in the textile industry and 
in the clothing industry, for example, have come 
about because unfair, non-union competition in North 

America and abroad have threatened the very survival 
of the domestic industries and their workers. Mergers 
of other industrial unions have come about because 
the pooling of funds, staffs, and other resources have 
enabled rank and file workers to obtain better wages 
and working conditions and protect themselves from 
management anti-union tactics. 

The history of our own union shows mergers with 
other unions in early years. A century ago the United 
Brotherhood brought into its ranks the Amalgamated 
Society of Carpenters, the Amalgamated Woodwork- 
ers, and the United Order of American Carpenters 
and Joiners, and we accepted into our organization 
remnants of the Knights of Labor. In recent years, 
we were joined by the Wood, Wire and Metal Lathers 
International Union. 

We are not adverse to discussing merger with other 
unions in the future, if and when it seems appropriate 
to do so. 

The platform of the UBC, adopted in 1881, at our 
first convention, states our purpose: "We must form 
a union broad enough to embrace every carpenter 
and joiner in the land — one that will protect every 
man in his labor and in his wages. . . . The object of 
the organization is to rescue our trade from its low 
estate and raise ourselves to that position in society 
which we as mechanics are justly entitled and to 
place ourselves on a foundation sufficiently strong to 
secure us from further encroachments. . . ." 

'atrick J. Campbell 
General President 


101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 

Address Correction Requested 

Non-Profit Org. 



Permit No. 13 
Washington, D.C. 

75 Years of Being Prepared 

The Boy Scouts of America 
commemorate three-quarters 
of a century of service 
. . . still striving to perform 
a good deed daily. 

February 1985 marks the 75th Anniuersary of the Boy 
Scouts of America. In 1913 AFL President Samuel Gompers 
pledged to promote Scouting, and since then thousands 
of local unions have chartered Cub Scout packs. Boy Scout 
troops and Explorer units, including those for the handi- 

Today you can find AFL-CIO unions and individual 
trade unionists involved in an estimated one-quarter oj 
all Scouting activities, ranging from sponsoring a Scout 
unit and coordinating its Jundraising to constructing a 
Scout camp and insuring that it is barrier-free for the 

Scouting offers a program for America's youth with the 
proven ability to develop better citizens. Scouting also 
offers an alternative to other, possibly negative, activities 
during the energetic years of youth. 

The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of 
America salutes the Boy Scouts of America. May the 
partnership continue for another 75 years and more. 

For more information on how you can get involved in the work with 
youngsters and the fun of Cub Scouting, Scouting or Exploring, contact 
your local central labor council, the local Scout council or J. Robert 
Miller, Director of Labor Relationships. Boy Scouts of America. 1325 
Walnut Hill Lane, Irving, Texas 75038-3096. 


The new "American Labor" merit badge will be ready in- 1986. 

Artist Norman Rocki\ell did a painting for 
lite Boy Scout calendar almost every year 
from 1925 tfiroiigli 1976. Tltrougli Ins por- 
trayal of Scout activities, lie became 
closely identified with the ideal image of 
the Boy Scouts of America. This 1946 work 
was titled "A Guiding Hand." 

The George Meany Award is presented to 
union members recognized by their peers 
as outstanding Scout leaders. Since 1974. 
when the Meany Award was first pre- 
sented. 104 out of II total of 919 union 
recipients have been UBC members. It is 
worn on the right uniform pocket by men 
and above the BSA strip of the uniform 
blouse or dress of women Cub Scout lead- 

United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners of America 

Founded 1881 

Free Trade 
vs Fair Trade, 
the Dilemma 
North Am.erican 



Cover Story 





101 Constitution Ave., N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20001 

Patrick J. Campbell 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Sigurd Lucassen 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Anthony Ochocki 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


John S. Rogers 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Wayne Pierce 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


William Sidell 
William Konyha 


First District, Joseph F. Lia 

120 North Main Street 
New City, New York 10956 

Second District, George M. Walish 

101 S. Newtown St. Road 

Newtown Square, Pennsylvania 19073 

Third District, John Pruitt 
504 E. Monroe Street #402 
Springfield, Illinois 62701 

Fourth District, Harold E. Lewis 

3110 Maple Drive, #403 
Atlanta, Georgia 30305 

Fifth District, Leon W. Greene 
4920 54th Avenue, North 
Crystal, Minnesota 55429 

Sixth District, Dean Sooter 
400 Main Street #203 
Rolla, Missouri 65401 

Seventh District, H. Paul Johnson 
Gramark Plaza 

12300 S.E. MaUard Way #240 
Milwaukie, Oregon 97222 

Eighth District, M. B. Bryant 
5330-F Power Inn Road 
Sacramento, California 95820 

Ninth District, John Carruthers 
5799 Yonge Street #807 
Willowdale, Ontario M2M 3V3 

Tenth District, Ronald J. Dancer 
1235 40th Avenue, N.W. 
Calgary, Alberta, T2K 0G3 

Patrick J. Campbell, Chairman 
John S. Rogers, Secretary 

Correspondence for the General Executive Board 
should be sent to the General Secretary. 

Secretaries, Please Note 

In processing complaints about 
magazine delivery, the only names 
which the financial secretary needs to 
send in are the names of members 
who are NOT receiving the magazine. 

In sending in the names of mem- 
bers who are not getting the maga- 
zine, the address forms mailed out 
with each monthly bill should be 
used. When a member clears out of 
one local union into another, his 
name is automatically dropped from 
the mailing list of the local union he 
cleared out of. Therefore, the secre- 
tary of the union into which he cleared 
should forward his name to the Gen- 
eral Secretary so that this member 
can again be added to the mailing list. 

Members who die or are suspended 
are automatically dropped from the 
mailing list of The Carpenter. 


NOTE: Filling out this coupon and mailing it to the CARPENTER only cor- 
rects your mailing address for the magazine. It does not advise your own 
local union of your address change. You must also notify your local union 
... by some other method. 

This coupon should be mailed to THE CARPENTER, 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20001 


Local No. 

Number of your Local Union must 
be eiven. Otherwise, no action can 
be tslcen on your chance of address. 

Social Security or (in Canada) Social Insurance No. 



State or Province 

ZIP Code 

ISSN 000&-6843 

VOLUME 105 No. 3 MARCH. 1985 


John S. Rogers, Editor 



Multinationals Play Havoc with Jobs 2 

Southern Industrial Workers Urged to 'Get on Board' 6 

L-P is Paying Heavy Price 8 

Blandex, a union-label alternative to L-P 10 

Reagan Tax Proposals Threaten Benefits 12 

Union Contracts Worth $100 a Week Advantage 13 

Labor Has Two Lists: Unfair and Don't Buy 14 

Operation Turnaround: Minnesota Action 15 

Getting a Grip on Safety 16 

Carpenter's Wrist and Related Problems 17 

Model Furnace Constructed in Hamilton, Ontario 23 


A modern merchant ship pHes the open 
sea with a deckload of cargo containers, 
loaded with manufactured goods destined 
for North American markets. 

Each year, more and more cheap, 
imported goods arrive at North American 
docks, and fewer and fewer U.S. and 
Canadian goods find markets overseas. 
The United States trade deficit hit a 
record $123 billion last year. 

The unbalanced trade situation is blamed 
by economists partly on the super-high 
dollar, partly on the high interest rates 
charged by financial institutions, and partly 
on U.S. budget deficits. Much of the 
blame also lies at the doors of multina- 
tional corporations which are exploiting 
cheap labor overseas. 

"It's the number one issue right now." 
says Senator John Danforth, the Missouri 
Republican, who is the chairman of the 
Senate Finance trade subcommittee and 
a frequent critic of the Reagan Adnim- 
istration's trade policies. 

Many nations are increasing their bar- 
riers to imports of U.S. goods, and they 
are often subsidizing their exports, put- 
ting the manufacturing communities of 
the U.S. and Canada at a financial dis- 
advantage and putting many North 
American workers out on the streets. 
— The cover photograph is by Philip 
Wallick for H, Armstrong Roberts. 


Washington Report 5 

Ottawa Report 19 

Local Union News 20 

Consumer Clipboard: Union Pharmaceuticals 25 

Members in the News 26 

Apprenticeship and Training 27 

We Congratulate 29 

Plane Gossip 31 

Retirees' Notebook 32 

Service to the Brotherhood 33 

In Memoriam 37 

What's New? 39 

President's Message Patrick J. Campbell 40 

Published monthly at 3342 Bladensbiurg Road. Brentwood. Md. 20722 by Ihe United Brotherhood ol Carpenters 
and Joiners of America, Subscription price: United States and Canada $10 00 per year, single copies $1-00 in 

NOTE: Readers who would like additional 
copies of this cover may obtain them by sending 
50cl in coin to cover mailing costs to the Editor, 
The CARPENTER, 101 Constitution Ave., 
N.W,, Washington, D.C. 20001. 


Printed in U.S.A. 

Large, private corpora- 
tions are increasingly 
able to shift jobs, 
plants, and resources 
around the globe as 
they please. 

Unle€ished Multinational Power Spells 

"By the year 2001, 200 giant corporations 

will own 54% of all the productive assets 

worth owning on the planet Earth. " 

— Judd Polk, Economist 

"We must launch a crusade for under- 
standing to explain why global corpora- 
tions should have freer rein to move 
goods, capital, and technology around the 
world without the interference of nation- 
states: but such a crusade calls for the 
public relations campaign of the century." 
— David Rocl(efeller, former chairman. 
Chase Manhattan Corporation 

"I have long dreamed of buying an island 
owned by no nation, and of establishing 
the world headquarters of the Dow Chemi- 
cal Co. in the truly neutral ground of such 
an island, beholden to no nation or soci- 
ety. If we were located on such truly neu- 
tral ground, we could then really operate 
in the U.S. as U.S. citizens, in Japan 
as Japanese citizens, and in Brazil as 
Brazilians, rather than being governed by 
the laws of the U.S." 
— Carl Gerstaker, former executive, 
Dow Chemical Co. 

Multinational corporations and state- 
less money are changing the workaday 
world as we know it today. 

The day will come when a corporate 
executive in some ivory tower in some 
foreign country, who might not speak 
your language, will press a button or 
initial a document, and you and your 
fellow workers will be out of jobs. 

It's already happening on a small 
scale, if we believe a United Nations 
report issued during the past decade. 

The small businessman, the small 
farmer, and the individual worker may 
have little clout in tomorrow's world, 
unless nations come to grips with the 
growing power of huge international, 
or multinational, corporations, and the 
multinational banks which make them 

Today international commerce is to- 
tally dependent on a supranational 
banking system, the magazine Business 

Week reports. "Multinational business 
could not operate in a volatile world of 
floating exchange rates without it." 

International bankers and investors 
in New York, London, Singapore, Hong 
Kong, and elsewhere deal in German 
marks, Japanese yen. highly-valued 
dollars, and any other currency which, 
when exchanged, will yield a profit. 
This so-called "stateless money" has 
increased from only a billion or two in 
1962 to more than $400 billion today. 

"There is no doubt that multinational 
corporations could precipitate a cur- 
rency crisis, if they were to move only 
a small proportion of their assets from 
one nation to another," the UN report 

More than 200 companies, many of 
them American or Canadian based but 
operating primarily overseas, have an- 
nual sales which surpass $1 billion. 
Several have annual sales of $10 billion 


or more. 

Multinational corporations, seeking 
worldwide profits from the manufac- 
tured goods of cheap, exploited labor, 
can create havoc for North American 

A generation ago . . . before com- 
munications satellites began flashing in- 
stantaneous stock market reports . . . 
before our domestic oil reserves ran 
low and OPEC began putting on the 
squeeze . . . before shipyards in Japan, 
Korea, and Singapore were able to 
produce supertankers and super cargo 
ships due to their substandard labor 
costs . . . before merchants' ships of 
Panamanian and Liberian registry be- 
gan undercutting American seamen . . . 
before illegal immigrants began flooding 
our borders . . . life was relatively sim- 
ple for North American industry and 
its workers. 

The "American way of life" was a 
model for the world. Yankee ingenuity 
and technology produced cars, radios, 
television sets, cameras, and machinery 
which were the envy of the world. 
North American firms sold their prod- 
ucts at home, where there was pur- 
chasing power among the consumers. 
Profits remained at home, and business 
was only concerned with government 
regulations in Washington and Ottawa. 

All that has changed, and we may 
never go back to the old days again. 

What it boils down to is that Amer- 
ican jobs are going overseas at a rapid 
rate, and there is not enough being done 
to stop the flood. 

North American workers will have 

the world. Too often, commentators 
and critics resort to simplistic termi- 
nology, such as 'free trade' versus 'pro- 
tectionism,' without understanding the 
paramount concern of workers every- 
where — their jobs. 

"American unions strongly assert that 
their voice — the voice of American 
workers whose jobs are often blithly 
negotiated away by governments with- 
out thought given to the human con- 
sequences — belongs, and ought to be, 
at the center of U.S. decisions on in- 
ternational trade and investment when 
those decisions are made. 

"Distinguished and honorable men 
today cry 'free trade' and there is no 
free trade. Every wind that blows from 
Geneva, or Moscow, or Tokyo, or the 
capitals of the OPEC nations, or the 
bloc of 77 Third World countries, or 
the Common Market, bears bad tidings. 
They tell of cartels and monopolies, of 
government central trading corpora- 
tions and purchasing missions exploit- 
ing in secret, open commodities and 
markets, while the U.S. remains the 
only grain-exporting country in the world 
that does not protect its supplies and 
citizens through a governmental grain 

"They spread the word of export 
subsidies, value-added tax gimmicks 
and remissions, subsidized credits, lo- 
cal 'content' laws, rigged and manipu- 
lated exchange rates and ever-rising 
barriers around the markets of nations 
and blocs of nations. They tell of joint 
ventures and barter agreements with 
state enterprises employing forced la- 

subsidize its risk-taking." 

Last month we received a letter from 
an advertising agency in New England, 
boasting that its client, a major manu- 
facturer and distributor with headquar- 
ters in Worcester, Mass., is now "the 
first American manufacturer to import 
a full line of sandpaper made in its own 
foreign facilities to sell in the U.S." 

This imported sandpaper is offered 
to distributors and retailers at prices 
35% to 40% below those of the standard 
and competitor lines. 

The company, which is the world's 
leading producer of abrasives, synthetic 
diamond drill bits, and many other 
products, operates 127 plants in 28 
countries and employs 20,000 people! 
Its sales in 1983 totalled $1.13 billion! 

This is only one recent instance of a 
multinational whittling away at U.S. 
jobs. As long ago as 1973 some 1.800 
employees of the Consolidated National 
Shoe Corporation lost their jobs to 
imports from Italy, Taiwan, and else- 
where and became certified by the U.S. 
Labor Department for trade adjustment 

At about the same time. 500 employ- 
ees of H.H. Scott. Inc., a manufacturer 
of electronic products, lost their jobs 
and became eligible for trade adjust- 
ment assistance. 

"Trade adjustment assistance" is a 
form of unemployment compensation 
and career adjustment which was cre- 
ated by the Federal government several 
years ago to ease the shock of job loss 
due to cheap imports. 

The new Reagan budget wants to do 

Trouble For North American Workers 

their standard of living reduced at the 
expense of the underdeveloped nations 
of the world, unless corrective action 
is taken. Cheap labor in Third World 
countries is a tempting lure for North 
American companies. Given enough 
time, we could all be working for the 
lowest wages which non-union condi- 
tions can create. 

North American labor organizations 
have traditionally supported fair trade 
among nations. We believe in the eco- 
nomic growth and stability of other 
nations, but our wages must not be 
pulled down from the hard-won gains 
of a century of progress, just to give 
other nations an economic advantage. 

Labor's position was well expressed 
recently by AFL-CIO President Lane 
Kirkland when he stated: 

"The subject of international trade is 
one of the most complex and difficult 
problems faced by trade unionists around 

bor. They sing of tax havens and pros- 
tituted flags. They fly the Jolly Roger 
of industrial piracy and the bribery of 
corporations by nations through ex- 
travagant concessions and virtual gifts 
of land and labor to lure their plants. 
They tell of industrial 'free' zones, 
fenced off from local markets and carved 
out as cut-rate export platforms. 

"This recitation could go on ad nau- 
seam with an endless litany of measures 
designed to tilt the scales of economic 
law to our disadvantage. But American 
labor just adds the question: Are these 
things just a spasm of the past, a tem- 
porary aberration of the present, or the 
running tide of the future . . . and who 
can say for sure?" 

The syndicated columnist Carl Ro- 
wan elaborates, "A corporation that 
thinks it can make a bundle by opening 
a factory in a shaky foreign country can 
find a government program that will 

away with even this small form of 
income insurance for American work- 

Imports have so penetrated the North 
American market that in many cases 
the U.S. and Canadian buyer has no 
choice but to buy an imported product. 
There are no alternative American- or 
Canadian-made products to turn to. 
Cameras are a case in point. Electronic 
equipment is, more and more, foreign 
made. Steel is imported in greater quan- 
tities, putting U.S. Steelworkers on the 

And yet American consumers have 
faced such an onslaught of promotion 
for imported products in recent \ears, 
that many have become indifferent to 
the consequences these products have 
for American wage earners. 

In a recent letter to Carprnter mag- 
azine Albert Clough of Local 218. Bo.s- 
lon, Mass. , describes an American "who 

MARCH, 1985 

The multinational approach as 
seen by Labor Cartoonist Bernie 


"As part of our imports kit. here is 
a sign for your North American 

"There's a minor hurdle you jump 
to reach the North Ai7terican 

"Here's the beauty part of the 
whole move to an underdeveloped 
country ..." 

drove his German car, made of Swedish 
steel with an interiorof Argentine leather, 
to a gasoline station, where he filled up 
with Arab oil shipped in a Liberian 
tanker and bought two French tires, 
made of rubber from Sri Lanka. At 
home he dropped his Morroccan brief- 
case, hung up his Scottish tweed wool 
coat, removed his Italian shoes and 
Egyptian cotton shirt, then donned a 
Hong Kong robe and matching slippers 
from Taiwan. . . . More comfortable 
now, he poured a cup of hot Brazilian 
coffee into an English coffee mug, set 
a Mexican placemat on an Irish linen 
tablecloth atop a Danish table varnished 
with linseed oil from India. Then he 
filled his Austrian pipe with Turkish 
tobacco, lit it, and picked up a Japanese 
ballpoint pen with which he wrote a 
letter to his Congressman demanding 
to know why the United States has an 
unfavorable balance of trade." 

That's a good question, and it's all 
tied up with multinational corporations, 
stateless money, and international di- 

America's trade deficit — the amount 
of trade goods coming to our shores 
over what goes out — reached a record 
$123.3 billion last year. It is costing 
U.S. workers millions of jobs. Even- 
tually there may not be enough money 
in the pockets of U.S. and Canadian 
workers to buy all the goods coming 

A Washington-based international 
economic consultant, Edward Bern- 
stein, called the situation "a divided 
economy." He told the Wall Street 
Journal that, although most of the United 
States is enjoying robust growth and 
general good times, industries directly 
affected by the dollar — exporters, man- 
ufacturers, agriculture and mining — are 
"in a true depression," with their mar- 
ket shares eroding rapidly and their 
profit margins severely squeezed. 

AFL-CIO Research Director Rudy 
Oswald pointed out recently that these 
tremendous trade deficits "are mort- 
gaging the future economic well-being 
of the American people. ' ' It is estimated 
that each billion dollars in trade deficit 
costs 25,000 American jobs. 

Your union is not simply pointing a 
finger at the growing menace and crying 
wolf. It joins in a call for governmental 
relief. The AFL-CIO Executive Coun- 
cil, in 1982, asked for these corrective 

• placement of temporary restric- 
tions on harmful imports to prevent 
added penetration of domestic 
markets by foreign producers and 
a further weakening of the domes- 
tic industrial base. 

• enactment of domestic content laws 
to protect endangered industries, 
which assure the continued U.S. 

and Canadian capability to produce 
many manufactured goods. 

• speedy and effective handling of 
dumping and subsidy cases to as- 
sure the promised redress for these 
unfair trade practices. 

• ending of the President's continued 
authority to negotiate further tariff 

• assurance that a portion of raw 
material exports be processed in 
North America, so that export of 
products such as grain, logs, etc., 
is conditioned upon specific do- 
mestic processing. 

• establishment of bilateral shipping 
agreements and adherence to cargo 
preference laws. 

• extension of the "manufacturing 
clause" of the U.S. Copyright Law 
to protect against widespread losses 
of jobs in the printing industry. 

• extensionof Trade Adjustment As- 
sistance to provide adequate com- 
pensation to those unemployed be- 
cause of trade, and improve training, 
job search, and relocation aid to 
those displaced workers who need 
such help. 

• commitment that foreign grant, in- 
surance and loan programs, such 
as the Export-Import Bank, are 
carefully managed to safeguard 
workers' interests at home and 
abroad. Despite defects of the Ex- 
Im Bank, funds must not be slashed 
until other countries cut or elimi- 
nate their subsidy programs. Ex- 
Im Bank funds and guarantees must 
not be extended to any Communist 

• aid in the development of Carib- 
bean nations needs to be enhanced, 
but proposals for "one-way" free 
trade and additional investment in- 
centives to U.S. firms for investing 
abroad should be rejected. 

• vigorous enforcement of reciproc- 
ity provisions of the Trade Act 
must be undertaken. 

The AFL-CIO believes that enforce- 
ment of the Trade Act and the fashion- 
ing of new remedies to assure a strong 
and diversified industrial structure are 
essential for U.S. and Canadian well- 

When he was first campaigning for 
the U.S. Presidency five years ago, 
President Ronald Reagan compared 
conditions in the United States at that 
time to those which existed during the 
declining years of the Roman Empire. 
Is it possible that his comparison then 
is, ironically, an indication of what is 
actually happening in his own final term 
of office — thanks to the growing threat 
of multinational power? 




A U.S. Treasury proposal to tax employer-paid 
worker fringe benefits, such as health insurance, 
day care, and pensions, has been attacked by AFL- 
CIO President Lane Kirkland, who announced the 
federation's firm opposition to the proposals. 

The proposals would mean taking money out of 
the pockets of workers and would result in reducing 
essential coverage of workers and their families, 
Kirkland said. In addition, he said, the Treasury 
grossly exaggerates the potential revenue to be re- 
ceived by the U.S. government from such taxes. 
Congress has refused to tax such benefits in the 
past. Now, the Treasury is advancing the idea as a 
"tax simplification" measure. 

While the AFL-CIO supports measures to reduce 
the federal government's deficit and to make the 
U.S. tax code more efficient and productive, Kirk- 
land declared, "Merely to increase the taxes of 
working people and jeopardize benefits and protec- 
tions that are essential to their welfare and that of 
their families would be unjust and unfair. 

"Health insurance, pensions, day care, education 
programs, and prepaid legal plans have evolved 
over many years to meet specific national social 
goals, and have been subjected to the checks and 
balances of the legislative process, as well as the 
collective bargaining process," Kirkland said. 

"These benefits are not frivolous 'perks' or gim- 
micks to shelter income, generate phoney losses, 
or otherwise reduce the taxes of a privileged few. 
Most are long-standing economic buttresses of the 
tax code and are widely distributed among Ameri- 
ca's working population." 


Organized labor delivered a message of solidarity 
to their embattled trade union brothers and sisters 
in South Africa with an embassy protest that pro- 
duced 87 arrests. 

The January 1 8 protest was aimed at the racist 
apartheid policies and repression of black trade 
unions by the white-minority regime. 

The arrested unionists were strapped in plastic 
"flexicuffs" and driven away to police stations 
where they were charged with violating the law 
against demonstrating within 500 feet of an em- 
bassy. None were prosecuted. 


The Federal Supplemental Compensation pro- 
gram expires on March 31, and the Democratic- 
controlled House is moving forward on proposed 
legislation (H.R. 890) to continue extended benefits 
for unemployed workers and their families. 

The Subcommittee on Unemployment Compen- 
sation of the House Ways and Means Committee 
began a series of hearings last month, with repre- 
sentatives of the AFL-CIO testifying last month. 

Because the Reagan Administration's budget 
contains no provision to extend supplemental bene- 
fits for unemployed workers, passage of H.R. 890 is 
a must and would extend the present FSC program 
for 18 months. 

Although the AFL-CIO supports even stronger 
legislative measures to shore up worker compensa- 
tion benefits, the passage of H.R. 890 is considered 
the most basic safeguard for the protection of work- 
ers and their families. 

Under the current Federal Supplemental Com- 
pensation program, and proposed extension, work- 
ers who have exhausted their state benefits are 
eligible for 14, 12, 10 or 8 weeks of additional 
benefits depending on the state's insured unem- 
ployment rate. 

The temptation for retail food stores to "pull a fast 
one" on their competitors may be irresistible if the 
Federal Trade Commission rescinds its rule forbid- 
ding stores from advertising items they do not have 
in stock, the Food & Commercial Workers warned 
the FTC. 

The FTC is contemplating a move to eliminate or 
soften its advertising rules for retail food stores, 
leaving it up to "market forces" to prevent unfair 
and deceptive practices. 

In a letter to the commission, UFCW President 
William H. Wynn said the union firmly believes 'that 
the rule provides basic and needed consumer pro- 

Wynn stressed that the retail food industry is 
highly competitive and said there would be a real 
temptation for food stores to look for short-run 


The AFL-CIO welcomed the introduction of a 
"right-to-know" legislative package in Congress that 
includes a measure to block federal pre-emption of 
stronger state and local laws governing disclosure 
of data on toxic substances used in the workplace. 
The proposed laws would also insure a commu- 
nity's right to information on the hazardous sub- 
stances being made or used within its borders. 

"A national minimum standard is needed to as- 
sure that all members of the public have access to 
information on toxic chemicals in their communi- 
ties," said Margaret Seminario, associate director of 
the AFL-CIO Dept. of Occupational Safety, Health & 
Social Security. "We particularly support the bill 
dealing with pre-emption. " 

The legislation was introduced by Rep. James J. 
Florio (D-N.J.). He stressed that it is designed to 
help prevent chemical accidents 'and to redress the 
injuries caused when such tragedies unavoidsbiy 

MARCH, 1985 





Southern Industrial Workers 

] u 


u In 

The United Brotherhood's 
Southern Council of Industrial 
Workers embarks on a major mem- 
bership drive this month. 

Its goal: by the end of 1985. 85% 
of the workers organized in the 
industrial plants under contract with 
the UBC in the eight states served 
by the council. 

Every one of the eight states 
served by the Southern Council is 
a "right to work" state, meaning 
that a union shop clause requiring 
employees to join the union after a 
certain probationary period is pro- 

hibited. In the South, because of 
"right to work" laws, organizing is 
a daily fact of life for unions, even 
in bargaining units already under 

The "85 in "85" campaign is aimed 
at non-members in organized units 
who enjoy the benefits of a union 
contract without paying dues. 

Industries, particularly wood-re- 
lated industries within the Broth- 
erhood's jurisdiction such as lum- 
ber and plywood, have expanded 
tremendously in the South. Con- 
tributing to this growth have been 

lower wages and non-union labor 
conditions. Thus, the campaign is 
important for union members not 
only in the South, but in all regions 
of the country that are hurt by non- 
union conditions in the South. 

The "85 in '85" campaign is de- 
signed to strengthen UBC bargain- 
ing units and provide a base for 
further organizing of non-union 
plants and mills throughout the 
South. It is a difficult but extremely 
important campaign for the UBC. 
Carrying out the drive will be ajoint 
team of UBC and Southern Council 

Pictured at right, from the left: I. Mike Fishman. of the United 
Brotherhood' s industrial organizing office, discusses plans for 
"85% in '85" with UBC leaders at the Jackson, Miss., meeting. 
2. UBC representatives who will be working with the Southern 
Industrial Council include, seated, from left: Robert Woodson 
and Alvin Smith of the SCIW: Inl'l. Reps. Alice Beck and Bob 
Bracken: and Earl Hamilton, director of the Southern States 
Organizing Office. Standing, from left: Steve Herring, Randall 
Sanderson, and Don White. SCIW representatives: Ray White, 
acting executive secretary of SCIW: Earnie Curtis and Ed Fort- 
son, inlernuiional representatives: and Mike Fishman, UBC as- 
sistant director of organization. 3. Representatives of SCIW 
plywood locals who joined the campaign kickoff sessions at 
Jackson, Miss. 


urged to 

(SCIW) representatives working 
under the direction of Ray White, 
acting executive secretary of the 
SCIW, and Robert Bracken, super- 
visor of the council. 

To launch the "85 in '85"" mem- 
bership drive, SCIW and Interna- 
tional Representatives met last 
month in Jackson, Mississippi, with 
Michael P. Fishman, UBC Assist- 
ant Director of Organization at the 
General Office; White, Bracken, and 
Earl Hamilton, UBC Southern States 
Regional Organizing Office Direc- 
tor. Plans were drawn up to estab- 

lish Volunteer Organizing Commit- 
tees (VOC) in every local union. 
Supplementing the organizing ef- 
forts will be stewards' and local 
union officers" training programs 
which were also reviewed at the 

ING— Following the '-85 in "85"" 
organizational meeting, leaders from 
SCIW plywood locals met to review 
current economic developments in 
the plywood industry and to discuss 
upcoming bargaining. Among the 

areas discussed were the shift in 
plywood production from the 
Northwest to the South, growth of 
waferboard and oriented strand 
board (OSB), new technology in 
the plywood industry, and eco- 
nomic forecasts. Leading the dis- 
cussion was Walter Malakoff, econ- 
omist with the UBC Industrial 

Michael P. Fishman stressed the 
full support of the UBC for the 
Southern CounciFs coordinated 
bargaining efforts in the Southern 
plywood industry. 

MARCH, 1985 

L-P Is Paying a Heavy Price for Union-Busting 

Twenty months into the strike hy 1,700 Western Council 
members at 17 Louisiana Pacific Corp. sawmills, the 
company is paying a heavy and increasing price for its 
union-busting actions. Strike, boycott, and corporate-cam- 
paign activities by UBC members across the country are 
intensifying weekly. An L-P strike report, being prepared 
by the UBC for release with the company's 1984 financial 
report, illustrates that L-P has paid many times over for 
any labor cost savings it may enjoy in using strikebreakers. 


The product boycott, one of organized labor's oldest 
weapons, has proved to be highly effective in the L-P fight. 
UBC General President Patrick J. Campbell recently com- 
municated with all U.S. locals in the Brotherhood urging 
each to participate in the "Adopt a Lumber Store" program. 
Locals are urged to identify a wood-products retailer in 
their area and then "adopt" it, by beginning regular boycott 
action at that location. The initial response to the program 
has been good, but every local is urged to participate to 
ensure its success. 


The Brotherhood's Executive Board recently established 
May 4 as "L-P Boycott Day" across the country. National 

and local boycott activities by every affiliate on that day 
will signal the growing effort to stop the sale of L-P 

"An effective boycott of products sold throughout the 
country requires a commitment from the membership 
across the country," General President Campbell reminds. 
"Already nearly 250 stores have stopped selling L-P prod- 
ucts because of boycott activities by our membership. With 
the help of every member, we could increase that number 
tenfold and end this dispute." 

Corporate Campaign Toll 

In addition to boycott activities, UBC affiliates and 
members across the country have initiated a variety of 
non-workplace actions against L-P which have proven 
costly to L-P. Permit and environmental challenges have 
slowed L-P expansion, and regulatory and legislative ac- 
tions against L-P has cost it millions. Comments by the 
Colorado State Council of Carpenters against an air 
emissions permit application by L-P for a new plant in 
Colorado revealed that formaldehyde would be emitted 
from the plant and triggered a Department of Health 
investigation, which resulted in the permit being denied. 
Similar actions by UBC affiliates and members across the 
country have proven costly for L-P. 



[/5C General President Pat Campbell and lirsi General Vice President Sianrd F. 
Liicassen. left, discuss boycott activities with Florida members. 

When Florida members set up an informational pickelline outside a Fort Lauderdale 
Home Owners Warehouse to alert customers to the LP boycott, the owner 
moved L-P products out of the store. Picketers. shown upper left, included Clyde Vorce. 
Larry Almenl. Robert Manley. Glen Osborne. B.L. Ptagzenski. John Carpenleri. William 
Abrahams, and Vincent Petrone. 

Winter snows which blanketed New York State did not deter UBC members in the 
Hudson River Valley and surrounding areas from distributing L-P boycott leaflets outside 
scores of lumber and wood-products stores. TOP ROW. below, from left: /. Mark 
Danchak. Ed Peters. Bus. Rep. Louis Amoroso, and Charles Gobbi at a retail store in 
Fishkill. N. Y. 2. Harold Taegder. vice president of Local 255. at the Mid Valley Mall in 
Newhurgh. 3. Blizzard conditions at Norwich for Richard Stelson. Local 245: Donald 
Gaughan. Local 25H. and Aaron Seward, business representative. MIDDLE ROW: I. At 
Oneonla. Seward with Constantine Toddeo and Harold Kovsca of Local 258. 2. At the 
Mid Valley Mall with Tom Karmoveras. Charles Uraly. a mall worker, and Arthur 
Powell. 3. Members at Baldwin Place, N.Y. BOTTOM ROW: 1. Meeting store customers 
at Hawthorne, N.Y. 2. At Mount Kisco. 3. Local 265 Bus. Rep. Ken Rice at Saugerties. 

~^^^^A Union-Labef Alternative to the Boycotted L-P Waferboard 




"' ^"^^ 



,.i<^,^^ . 



UBC Carpenters and Mill-Cabinet Members boycotting Lou- 
isiana-Pacific products and casting about for something other 
than L-P Waferboard for sheathing, underlayment, decorative 
panels, etc.. will find an outstanding, even superior, substitute 
in Blandex. a waferboard manufactured by UBC members at 
the Blandin Wood Products Co. plant in Grand Rapids. Minn. 

Blandex bears the Brotherhood's union label, and it is 
produced by members of Local 2443. 

Blandex began producing waferboard in 1972. the first com- 
pany in the United States to do so. It gambled that a decreasing 
supply of large timber and increasing cost of plywood would 
create a need for a product which is superior to composition 
boards in strength and nail holding power. One year later, the 
plant was organized by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, 
insuring the working conditions and superior craftsmanship in 
the plant operations. 

Today. Blandex produces over 190 million square feet of 
board a year, which it distributes throughout the United States. 
The plant recently spent $50 million in plant modernization and 
has hired additional employees, part of an ongoing commitment 
to improve its product. The board is bonded with phenolic 
resins to eliminate health hazards caused by formeldehyde 
release common with other bonding agents. 

Local 2443 
President Darryl Showen, 
left, shows Minnesota State Cotincil Sec- 
retary Bert Dally the mechanized procedure for 
stamping the UBC union label. At left, Tim 
Newstrom loads aspen logs into a waferizer. 

In stark contrast to its chief competitor, 
Blandin Wood Products has proven its com- 
mitment to the wellbeing of its employees 
and the communities in which it resides. 
L-P has attempted to undermine the success 
and innovation of Blandex by jumping into 
the waferboard market full-scale, slashing 
wages and benefits to gain an unfair com- 
petitive margin, but Blandin has managed 
to hold its ground and expand into the highly 
competitive market. 

The growing popularity of Blandex wafer- 
board does not surprise Local Union Pres- 
ident Darryl Showen. "We make a structural 
panel that is economical and versatile. After 
working for some time in the quality control 
lab, I can say from first-hand experience 



that our board is warp resistant, dimensionally stable in 
both directions, free of core voids or patches, and we're 
improving the strength of the board all the time."" 

A major reason for the competitive price of Blandex 
waferboard is that it is manufactured from aspen trees. 
Often called weed trees by forest managers, they were 
generally considered too small and unsuitable for com- 
mercial use. 

HOW BLANDEX IS MADE— eight-foot logs are trucked 
to the mill and stored for use. Next, they are placed in hot 
ponds at a temperature of 100 degrees, where bark is 
loosened. The heated logs are conveyed to a high speed 
debarker and then slashed into 33-inch lengths. The short- 
ened logs are fed into the waferizer which produces 3 inch 
wafers .002" thick. The wafers, which still have 50% 
moisture content are fed into rotating dryers, where they 
are tumble dryed at 1300 degrees. 

The dryers are fueled by wood waste and board trim- 
mings, as are the hot ponds and space heating. The wafers, 
at 5% moisture are allowed to cool and defluff before they 
are placed on a conveyor, where they are sprayed with 
resin and wax. Rotary blenders mix the resin and wafers 
thoroughly. A continuous panel of the wafers are metered 
on to an eight-foot-wide woven-metal screen, where they 
are distributed randomly to increase board strength. These 
panels are cut to 28 foot lengths and fed to the press load 
elevator 12 at a time. When the press opens, all 12 panels 
are placed at the same time. The panels are pressed at 400 
degrees under 650 Ibs/sq in. pressure to thicknesses between 
Vi and I Va depending on customer order. The entire process 
is monitored from a computerized control room which also 
controls fire safety. As the boards shoot out of the press, 
they are stamped with the union label and building code 
approvals. From there, the panels are placed in a radial 
cooler and on to computerized saw blades where panels 
are automatically cut to customer specifications. Finished 
boards are then stacked and strapped, ready for shipment. 

UNION LABEL — The computerized and automated 
manufacturing process of the waferboard at this plant forced 
the local union to come up with a unique method of 
applying the union label to the board. Blandex solved the 
problem of applying building code labels by having special 
printing stamps made that can withstand the high temper- 
atures in the board when they come out of the press (the 
only spot in assembly where individual sheets are acces- 
sible). These stamps are velcro attached to a spinning 
drum, which imprints each label at four-foot intervals. The 

Continued on Page 24 




I I 





SSttss,. ,(>«4JJS| 

From the lop. clockwise: 

• Logs awaiting processing in a large holding yard beside the 

• Blandex tongue and groove subflooring awaiting shipment. 

• Blandex Waferboard stacked for shipment. 

• State Council Secretaiy Dally and Charles Appelholm. finan- 
cial secretary, talk with company officials. 

MARCH, 1985 


Reagan Tax Proposals Threaten Hard-Earned Benefits 

If the Reagan Administration proposals to 
tax employee benefits are enacted, the entire 
collective bargaining process would be "very 
seriously jeopardized and actually face de- 
struction," warned Robert A. Georgine. 
president of the AFL-CIO Building and Con- 
struction Trades Department. 

Georgine spoke out at a press conference 
at the National Press Club in Washington. 
D.C., which included representatives of in- 
surance, consumer, and employer groups 
who also opposed benefit tax proposals. 

The building trades leader took his warn- 
ing a step further, saying the elimination of 
negotiated employee benefits might be "ex- 
actly what some forces in this country want 
to happen." 

Georgine said there has been an "alarm- 
ing" legislative and administrative trend to 
impose tax and other burdens on employee 
benefits in the name of "deficit reduction" 
and "tax reform." 

These "fringes" are not gifts or grants, 
he said. They represent an "earned benefit" 
resulting from tough negotiations where la- 
bor gave up something and the employer or 
contractor gave up something, he noted. 

Georgine singled out the Treasury De- 
partments "tax simplification" plan as an 
example of the threat to employee benefits, 
saying it would: 

• Repeal the 66-year-old tax exemption 

Proposals to lax 
workers on em- 
ployer-paid benefits 
such as health and 
life insurance Jeop- 
ardize collective 
bargaining. Presi- 
dent Robert A. 
Georgine of the 
AFL-CIO Building 
c£ Construction 
Trades Dept. 
charged at a news 

for the income of employee welfare trusts 
and supplemental jobless benefit trusts, 
thereby increasing costs of benefits; 

• Cap the cost of employer-paid health 
coverage that can be excluded from worker 
income, thereby curtailing benefits, encour- 
aging younger workers to drop out and 
making coverage more expensive; 

• Repeal the exclusion from worker in- 
come of the cost of employer-paid life in- 
surance, death benefits up to $5,000, and 
legal services, thereby discouraging such 

• Impose a 20% additional tax on the 
taxable portion of most distributions from a 
tax-favored retirement plan prior to regular 
eligibility tests, thereby preventing plans 
from offering early retirement benefits which 
laid-off workers need in declining industries. 

Georgme said similar tax burdens on em- 
ployee benefits are included in other leading 
tax bills proposed by Senator Bill Bradley 
(D-N.J.) and Rep. Richard Gephardt 
(D-Mo.). by Rep. Jack Kemp (R-N.Y.) and 
Sen. Robert Kasten (R-Wis.) and by Sen. 
Dennis DeConcini (D-Ariz.). 


Your Life Support Benefits Are Tlireatened 

Employee-provided health and life insur- 
ance, dental coverage, child care, prepaid 
legal plans and other job benefits are the 
targets of various "tax simplification" pro- 
posals being advanced by the Treasury De- 
partment and legislators in Washington. Al- 
though specific proposals vary, the general 
idea of these proposed tax provisions is that 
employees will have to count the value of 
employer-provided life insurance, medical 
coverage (above a certain minimum), and 
pension benefits as income for tax purposes. 
The treasury proposal would require Amer- 
ican workers to pay an additional $24 billion 
a year in taxes by 1990. 

The programs targeted for new taxes are 
commonly referred to as "fringe benefits," 
leaving the mistaken ihipression that only 
the wealthy or a select few benefit. In reality, 
these programs provide workers protection 
in the face of illness, death or retirement. 
More than 90% of all full-time workers are 
covered by health insurance plans, and since 

75% of those workers covered by health 
insurance plans earn less than $25,000 a 
year, a tax on these programs would hurt 
those working people who could least afford 

The employer-provided health and insur- 
ance benefits which workers have secured 
are the result of decades of hard fought 
labor-management struggles. New taxes on 
these programs would disrupt the years of 
collective bargaining which has produced 
these benefits. As workers are unable to pay 
the new taxes associated with these pro- 
grams, pressures will be created to cut back 
on medical and life insurance coverages. 
The friction between young and older work- 
ers which will develop in adjusting medical 
and insurance programs to such new taxes 
would be very destructive. The end result 
of such a process will be lower standards of 
medical care for workers and their families, 
and shrinking retirement benefits. 

Along with the rest of organized labor, the 
UBC will be aggressively fighting any new- 
taxes on workers' medical insurance or other 
benefit programs. Legislators throughout the 
country must be told that the working men 
and women are totally opposed to any tax 
proposals which threaten the quality of health 

care and the retirement income for which 
they have worked. Write your Representative 
and Senators in Washington now, and let 
them know that deficit reduction measures 
which threaten workers' health care coverage 
and retirement income must be opposed. 

— Wayne Pierce, 
General Treasurer 
and Legislative Director 



How to Protest 
Benefits Tax Idea 

Write your Congressman a letter of 
protest about the Reagan Administra- 
tion's proposal to tax fringe benefits. 
Your letter can be similar to the one 


U.S. House of Representatives 
Washington, D.C. 20515 

Dear Representative : 

1 am writing to express my concern about 
several of the tax proposals being con- 
sidered in Congress. 1 am aware of the 
great problems caused by the tremendous 
federal deficit, because as a worker, high 
unemployment and high interest rates 
have been particularly hard. The solution 
to our deficit problems is not more taxes 
on working people and their families. 1 
am totally opposed to proposals to tax 
health and welfare and other fringe ben- 
efits for which workers have worked hard 
and on which they depend so much. 
Taxing benefits such as health and wel- 
fare, life insurance, child care, group 
legal services, workers" compensation, 
and unemployment payment is not fair. 

I hope you agree with me, and will 
strongly oppose proposals to increase 
taxes on working Americans, who always 
have been wilhng to pay their fair share. 
Please let me know how you feel on the 
issue of new taxes. Thank you. 


Benefit Plans 
Urged to Join 

For the past decade, the NCCMP has 
successfully represented the interests of 
multiemployer plans before administra- 
tive agencies, the courts, and Congress. 
Currently this organization is leading a 
national effort opposing legislative tax 
proposals that could have a serious ad- 
verse impact on multiemployer benefit 

The United Brotherhood, along with 
other concerned unions, participates as 
an affiliate in the NCCMP. Multi- 
employer plans sponsored by UBC Local 
Unions and District Councils are urged 
to join and support the NCCMP by be- 
coming an Associate ($2,000 annual 
membership). Applications or inquiries 
should be directed to; National Coordi- 
nating Committee for Multiemployer 
Plans, Suite 603, 815 Sixteenth Street, 
N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006. 

Union contracts 
worth $100-a-week 

Survey finds non-union pay one-third less 

A union contract was worth more 
than $100 a week extra to the average 
worker last year. Full-time wage and 
salary workers represented by unions 
got paid an average of one-third more 
than their non-union counterparts. 

That's what the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics found through the monthly 
census survey of 60,000 households 
which provides the basic information 
on the nation's labor force. 

For 1984, the 21.6% of the workforce 
represented by unions were paid an 
average of $404 a week compared with 
the $303 average for the non-union 

That's consistent with the 1983 re- 
port, the first year of the detailed BLS 
survey, which showed a $98-a-week 

If the value of fringe benefits were 
included — an area in which unions have 
been pacesetters — the dollar advantage 
of union contracts would be even greater. 

The 1984 tally also shows that the 
gap between union and non-union pay 
is even higher among minorities. 

Blacks covered by a union contract 
averaged $352 a week compared with 
$236 for those without union protection. 
Among Hispanics, the union average 
was $346 compared with $236 for the 
non-union group. 

Among women generally, those rep- 
resented by unions averaged $301 and 
those without a union averaged $218. 

The data show the union advantage 
persisting in recession-hit and import- 
battered industries where wages were 
held down or sometimes even rolled 
back to enable an employer to stay in 

Two earlier samplings — in May of 
1980 and 1977 — showed comparable 
paycheck advantages of union repre- 

The 1980 average of $320 a week for 
union-represented workers was a $42- 
a-week advantage. In 1977, the $262 
union average was $41 more than for 
the non-union group. 

The union advantage persisted and 
even grew during a period in which the 
proportion of wage and salaried work- 
ers represented by unions slipped from 
26.5% in 1977 to 25.7% in 1980 and 
21.6% for 1984. 

By industry, construction has the 
biggest differential. Last year, the union 
segment averaged $539 a week to $306 
forthe non-union construction workers. 
Service occupations had a $384 average 
under union contracts and $191 without 
union representation. 

Government workers represented by 
unions had a $404 to $338 advantage 
and the retail trade comparison was 
$339 to $225. 

The data on the percentage of work- 
ers under union contract show a 24.5% 
ratio last year among full-time workers 
but only 9% among part-time employ- 

The survey found that 29.5% of blacks 
were represented by unions, including 
33.4% of black men and 25.7% of black 

Among whites, the 20.7% overall rep- 
resentation included 24.9% of men and 
15.6% of women workers. 

The Hispanic category listed 22.9% 
union representation, with a 26.2% ratio 
of men and 18.4% of women. 

MARCH, 1985 

Labor Has Two Lists 

Do you know which is which? 

The AFL-CIO regularly publishes two 
lists which it hopes the general public 
and, particularly, union members will 
read and do something about. One is 
the "boycott list." That's the list which 
now contains the Louisiana-Pacific 
Corporation — a boycott which we in- 
stigated and which we are continuing 
until justice is done. 

The second list is the "unfair list." 

Do you know the difference? 

To clarify the distinction between the 
two, the AFL-CIO Executive Council 
has adopted these guidelines: 

"The Federation shall maintain separate 
'boycott' and 'unfair' lists. The list of en- 

dorsed boycotts should, where possible, be 
limited to active boycotts against identifiable 
consumer products or services. The 'unfair' 
list would include unfair employers who do 
not offer identifiable consumer products and 
inactive boycotts. 

Where boycott is judged by the Council 
to be inactive but the affected union requests 
continuing action against the employer, the 
employers name shall be transferred from 
the boycott list to the unfair list." 

Products, services, or facilities appearing 
on the boycott list also imply a greater 
degree of activity by the international union 
such as picketing, circulars, advertisements 
and community support. However, the bot- 
tom line whether on the "unfair" or "boy- 
cott" list is DO NOT BUY. 


National Boycotts Officially Sanctioned by the AFL-CIO Executive 
Council, As of Januaiy 1985 


Merit, Goerlich, Silentone and A.P. 

Parts: mufflers and tailpipes 
United Automobile . Aerospace & Agri- 
cultural Implement Workers 


Measuring, cutting and machine tools 
and pumps 
Machinists & Aerospace Workers 


Iceberg Lettuce: 

Red Coach, Friendly, Green Valley 

Farms, Lucky 
United Farm Workers of America 


Scheduled airline 

Machinists & Aerospace Workers and 

Air Line Pilots 


Beer: Coors, Coors Light, Herman Jo- 
seph's 1868, Golden Lager 
Ale: George Killians Irish Red 
AFL-CIO Breweiy Workers Local 366 


Air passenger and freight transportation 
Machinists & Aerospace Workers 


Personal care products: 
Aphrodisia, Aqua Net Hair Spray, 
Babe, Cavale, Brut, Ceramic Nail 
Glaze, Flambeau, Great Skin, Grande 
Finale, Just Wonderful, Macho, Kiku, 
Partage, Tip Top Accessories, Tigress, 

Woodhue, Xanadu, Zizanie de Fra- 
gonard, Caryl Richards, Farrah Faw- 
cett and Faberge Organics 
Oil. Chemical & Atomic Workers Inter- 
national Union 


Gasoline, petroleum products 
United Steelworkers of America 


Medium and high priced desks 
United Furniture Workers of America 


Kosmos Portland Cement, High Early 
Cement, Air Entraining Cement, Kos- 
mortar Masonry Cement 
Cement. Lime, Gypsum & Allied Work- 
ers Division of the Boilermakers 


Brand name wood products: 

L-P Wolmanized, Cedartone, Wafer- 
board, Fibrepine, Oro-Bord, Redex, 
Sidex, Ketchikan, Pabco, Xonolite, 
L-P-X, L-P Forester, L-P Home Centers 

Carpenters & Joiners and Intl. Woodwork- 


Turkeys and turkey parts: Marval, 
Tender Pride, Lancaster, Frosty Acres, 
Top Frost, Table Rite, Manor House, 
Richfood, Food Club, Dogwood Hill 
Farms. All products bear USDA stamp 
United Food & Commercial Workers 

Continued on Page 28 


The Union Label and Senice Trades 
Department. AFL-CIO has placed the 
following employers on its unfair list. 
Please do not use their products or 

American Buildings Co., metal struc- 
tures — United Steelworkers of 

Capital Cities Communications, Inc., 

owner of the KANSAS CITY 
STAR — International Typographi- 
cal Union; 

Foss Launch and Tug Company re- 
fused to enter negotiations to renew 
the agreement that expired January 
31, 1984 — International Organiza- 
tion of Masters, Mates & Pilots; 

Liberty Glass Co., Sapulpa, Okla- 
homa, soft drink bottles — Glass, 
Pottery, Plastics & Allied Workers 
International Union; 

Mapco Petroleum Inc. (Delta Refin- 
ery) gasoline, diesel and other pe- 
troleum products — Oil, Chemical 
and Atomic Workers International 

Michelin Tire Corp., automobile tires — 
United Rubber, Cork, Linoleum & 
Plastic Workers of America; 

Nevada Resort Association, 4 Las Ve- 
gas hotel-casinos — Hotel Employ- 
ees and Restaurant Employees In- 
ternational Union, American 
Federation of Musicians, Interna- 
tional Alliance of Theatrical Stage 
Employees, Associated Actors and 
Artistes of America; 

New York Air, scheduled airline — Air 
Line Pilots Association; 

Perdue Farms, dressed chicken and 
chicken parts — United Food & 
Commercial Workers International 

Sinclair Oil of Wyoming, oil and gas- 
ohne, hotels and resorts — Oil, 
Chemical and Atomic Workers 

United Artists & Syufy Enterprises, 

motion picture theaters — Service 
Employees International Union; 

U.S. Marine Corp., Force marine en- 
gines and Bayliner boats — Allied 
Industrial Workers; 

Wright Tool and Forge Company, 

Wright tools — International Broth- 
erhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship 
Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and 

An injury to one is an injury to all. 




Twin Cities Empiiasis 
on Organizing Pays Off 

"The Newest Carpenter in Town" is 
the title of a brochure issued by the 
Twin Cities' Department of Orga- 
nizing in an effort to promote work 
for UBC members and union con- 
tractors. The "newest carpenter in 
town" is a computer at the Carpen- 
ters Service Center, the brochure 
explains. Contractors, developers, 
and architects are told that the Car- 
penters Service Center can save 
them time and money through ' 'a 
teamwork approach to get the job 
done." The brochure explains how 
the center supplies valuable infor- 
mation to the construction industry. 

The Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minn. , Twin 
Cities Carpenters District Council has 
implemented a number of programs 
geared toward keeping the union-sec- 
tor's role in the metropolitan construc- 
tion industry alive and well. 

The council has developed a local 
department of organizing, funded to 
generate over $250,000 a year. Three 
organizers have been hired. Task Force 
Representative Mike Shetland reports 
the council is showing impressive re- 
sults for its efforts. 

The new organizing department has 
helped the council turn around two 130- 
unit condominium projects in St. Paul. 
It has signed numerous non-union con- 
tractors. It has insured that local grant- 
funded projects are being built union. 
Currently, the Twin Cities Organizing 
Department is focusing on 66 residential 
builders working in and around the 
metropolitan area. 

Last fall, the organizing department 
helped coordinate district council dem- 
onstrations at the Home Builders' Pa- 
rade of Homes. Some 600 local mem- 
bers participated in leafletting at more 
than 100 model home sites for 16 con- 
secutive days. This effort resulted in 
the signing of 12 non-union builders, 
not to mention the positive publicity 
and feedback from signatory contrac- 

Executive Secretary Clayton Grimes 
and Business Representative Harry Blue 
meet weekly with representatives and 
organizers to discuss problems and co- 
ordinate assignments. The council staff 
has apparently been doing its job, as 
some additional 160 non-union contrac- 
tors have been signed since last summer 

Working closely with other building 
trades has produced all-union agree- 
ments on billions of dollars of construc- 
tion projects in the past two years. 
Thirty-eight such projects in the metro 
area alone have been done on a strictly 
union basis during this period. Agree- 

ments signed during the planning proc- 
ess for projects such as the World Trade 
Center, Piper Towers, and the Koch 
Refinery guarantee 100% union con- 
struction and involve no concessions. 

Recently, the Twin Cities received 
favorable national publicity when the 
Construction Labor Research Council 
ranked the Twin Cities as one of the 
most favorable areas in the country to 
work with the Building Trades as re- 
ported in Engineering News Record 
(ENR 11/29/84 p. 65.) 

In the full spirit of Operation Turn- 
around, the council, while maintaining 
an aggressive organizing posture, clearly 
understands the importance of labor- 
management cooperation. The council 
has succeeded in convincing both local 
building trades councils to adopt Op- 
eration Turnaround programs. And. al- 
though these programs are not fully 
functional on a building trades-wide 
basis, a building trades Labor Manage- 
ment Cooperation Committee (LMCC) 
has been incorporated. Additionally, 
the district council participates in the 
Labor-User-Contractor (LUC) Com- 
mittee, which was instrumental in in- 
suring all-union construction on $3 bil- 
lion worth of industrial construction 
projects, including Northern States 
Power. Furthermore, the Carpenters 
and Twin Cities Residential Builder 
Labor Association (TCRBLA) labor 
management committee has been es- 
tablished and funded by a 2C per hour 

One interesting innovation of the Twin 
Cities Organizing Department is the 
Carpenters Service Center. This is a 
computer information service provided 
by the district council for union con- 
tractors seeking bidding and project 
information, subcontractor lists, skilled 
labor lists, information on area skilled 
professionals, material purchasing in- 
formation, and on-site problem solving 

MARCH, 1985 


@if f fflKi© A (^m]p 

while wrestling with wrist problems at work 

Shooting a staple gun 25,000 times a 
day to make office furniture may be 
hazardous to your health. This was one 
conclusion of an OSHA study of the 
CONWED plant, represented by UBC 
Local 1435, in Ladysmith, Wise. During 
the past few years, injuries due to 
repetitive motions or awkward work 
positions have gained more attention in 
the press and in the workplace. Ten- 
donitis (inflammation of the tissue that 
connects the muscles to the bone) and 
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (inflammation 
of the nerves that thread through the 
wrist bones) are becoming recognized 
as widespread occupational diseases 
among production workers. However, 
proper attention to workplace design 
can help reduce these injuries. 

In 1982 OHSA conducted a safety 
inspection of the CONWED plant. The 
safety inspector noted the high noise 
levels in the plant due to the wood 
working machinery. He called in a health 
inspector from OSHA for a follow-up 
investigation. From February to May 
1983, OHSA inspected the plant for 
health problems. They discovered high 
levels of noise from the double-end 
tenoner in excess of the OSHA stand- 
ards and that a number of employees 
had filed compensation claims for work- 
related wrist injuries due to "repetitive 
motion trauma." A few had corrective 
surgery for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 
that they claimed was due to the nature 
of the work, which required uncom- 
fortable bending and twisting and hand 
and wrist motion. OSHA does not have 
a specific standard covering such haz- 
ards so the inspector cited the company 
for violations of Section 5(a)(1) of the 

OSHA Act. That section requires that 
every employer provide a place of em- 
ployment that is "free from recognized 
hazards that are causing or are likely 
to cause death or serious physical harm. " 

CONWED contested the citations, 
claiming that the injuries were not work- 
related and that they had done all they 
could to accomodate employees who 
had wrist problems at work and were 
working to abate the noise problem. 

The local union asked the Midwest- 
ern Industrial Council and the Inter- 
national to help with the problem. They 
all became "parties" to the case, mean- 
ing they received the full rights to par- 
ticipate in the proceedings and received 
copies of all correspondence between 
OSHA and the company. To help re- 
solve the dispute, OSHA hired Dr. 
Robert Ardnt of the University of Wis- 
consin to inspect the plant for job design 
problems. Dr. Ardnt is a recongnized 
expert in the field of "ergonomics" or 
the science of designing the workplace 
to better fit the worker and prevent 
back injuries and other types of sprains 
and strains. Dr. Ardnt inspected the 
plant on December 14-15, 1983. Al- 
though he could not relate the specific 
injuries to poor job design, he did find 
a number of poorly designed jobs that 
he felt could "potentially contribute" 
to injuries of the hands, arms, and 
shoulders. One area he focused on was 
the hardware assembly area. To assem- 
ble these parts, the employee had to 
rotate their elbow high above the shoul- 
der. Dr. Ardnt recommended an in-line 
air wrench be installed with a "ra- 
darm," a device which supports and 
positions the wrench while absorbing 

some of the vibration and torque. He 
also recommended a tilting table to 
allow for an easier angle for assembly 
work and use of hex-head screws which 
require less force to turn than the phil- 
lips screws being used. 

In the "super panel" assembly area 
where clips are attached to the work- 
piece, he also recommended an in-line 
pneumatic screwdriver hung on a pul- 
ley, the use of hex-head screws, and 
that the work table be lowered to 30- 
32" to reduce the amount of lifting 
necessary to bring panels from the pallet 
to the table. 

Other potential problems included 
the use of a staple gun in the tacking 
area that required 25,000 activations 
per day. Such repetitive motion could 
lead to "trigger finger" or "snapping 
finger," an enlargement of the tendons 
leading to that finger, and Carpal Tunnel 
Syndrome. He recommended rubber 
coating the handles and trying alterna- 
tive stapler designs with a slanted han- 
dle, which required less wrist bending. 
Suspending tools from a pulley above 
helps reduce the weight of the tool and 
reduce the risk of injuries. Cutting knives 
and razors were recommended that had 
a bent handle to allow cutting with a 
straight wrist and a redesigned side 
cutter for attaching chicken wire was 

He also suggested that all jobs be 
looked at with an eye to potential back 
injuries. Where could bending or lifting 
be eliminated by the use of skids or 
devices which automatically raise the 
skid as each workpiece is removed? 
Worker or product rotation were also 

This material has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 
under grant number E9F4D176. These materials do not necessarily reflect the views of policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade 
names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. 

mentioned as possible solutions, limit- 
ing the amount of time for worker 
exposure to such repetitive work. Dr. 
Ardnt concluded that, although the 
workpace seemed reasonable, speed- 
ups in production could conceivably 
aggravate the stresses of such work and 
contribute to injuries. He also recom- 
mended that the in-plant safety and 
health committee continually monitor 
the situation with regard to wrist, hand, 
arm, and back injuries and try to pre- 
vent future injuries by reexamining and 
redesigning jobs where injuries occur. 

Carpenter's Wrist 


Some of the stapling fools used in the con- 
struction and manufacturing industries 
have design deficiencies, as far as wrist 
action is concerned. 

The company, in a settlement agree- 
ment in May 1984, agreed to many of 
the changes Dr. Ardnt recommended 
and, according to the local union pres- 
ident Marilyn Scoles, has since made 
many changes in job design. Bent han- 
dle razor knives have been purchased. 
A slant worktable has been installed in 
the hardware assembly area. Rivet guns 
have been suspended to reduce their 
weight. In the packing area, slant-han- 
dle staple guns were tried, but the 
workers didn't like them. In addition 
the double-end tenoner was enclosed, 
at considerable expense, which has sig- 
nificantly reduced noise levels in the 
milling area. 

Workplace design problems are a 
common but neglected hazard in many 
workplaces. This plant recognized the 
potential hazards and, through the help 
of OSHA's workplace design expert, 
redesigned many jobs to help eliminate 
the stresses and strains that can lead to 
repetitive motion injuries. These prob- 
lems can be solved. All it takes is an 
awareness of the potential problems and 
a thoughtful eye and ear for solutions. 

Tool use in the construction trade 
can cause serious damage to the hands 
and wrist. Hammering away for hours 
causes muscle fatigue and shock to the 
wrist hundreds of times each day. Ten- 
dons in the hand that connect the mus- 
cles to the bones can become inflamed 
causing "tendonitis."" This is particu- 
larly common among apprentices who 
are unaccustomed to such tool use. In 
addition, repeated bending of the wrist 
puts pressure on the nerves running 
through the carpal tunnel in the wrist, 
causing an inflammation -called carpal 
tunnel syndrome or CTS. CTS begins 
as a tingling or numbness in the hand 
and fingers and can result in loss of 
feeling, loss of grip, and eventually loss 
of some of the hand functions. CTS and 
tendonitis can be prevented by using 
the correct tools and using them prop- 
erly, with attention paid to avoiding 
wrist and muscle strain. For example, 
choking up on a hammer forces you to 
bend your wrist more to drive a nail. 
Holding the hammer properly provides 
you with more leverage and power and 
in addition is easier on your wrist. One 
company even redesigned the hammer 
handle with a 19° bend to allow you to 
hammer with a straight wrist. This not 
only relieves pressure on the wrist, 
decreasing the risk of CTS. but also 
results in more power being delivered 
to the nail. Snub-nose pliers are another 
tool available with a bent handle. They 

can also be used without bending the 
wrist and this allows you to see the 
work better as well. 

Another important factor is the size 
and shape of the tool. If it is too small 
or too large for your hands, gripping 
the tool requires more power and places 
additional strain on the muscles in the 
hand. This is a particular problem for 
women since tools are often designed 
for men who have larger hands. Screw- 
drivers that are too small for the job 
require more effort to use and can result 
in extremely uncomfortable positions, 
such as when the end rests in your 
palm. This position forces you to pinch 
rather than grip the tool. Pinching re- 
quires four times as much effort and 
force as gripping. Tenosynovitis is a 
particular problem for work requiring a 
twisting motion with the wrist (called 
"clothes-wringing"") which places a great 
strain on the tendons. 

Gloves can sometimes add to the 
problem. If they are loose-fitting or too 
thick, they reduce the ability to grip the 
tool properly, resulting in an overtight 
grip. This produces fatigue. Gloves are 
necessary at times, though, since cold 
weather decreases blood flow and feel- 
ing in the hands, which can also result 
in gripping more tightly to compensate 
and in more fatigue. 

Sometimes holding a tool can press 
on a major blood vessel in the hand and 
cause pain. A paint scraper, for ex- 

Sometimes a tool that is correct for one operation is incorrect in another. 
Look for the bent wrist. 

Bad Design 

Good Design Bad Design Good Design 

MARCH, 1985 


Continued from Page 17 
ample, ends in the palm of the hand, 
causing pressure and reduction of the 
blood flow to the ring and little fingers. 
An alternative handle design has a spur 
that rests between the thumb and index 
finger which relieves much of the pres- 
sure on the palm. 

Power tools can also damage the 
nerves in the hand and arm by excessive 
vibrations. "White finger" (Reynaud's 
syndrome) or ' 'dead hand" is a common 
disease among chainsaw and pneumatic 
chipper operators. After years of op- 
erating vibrating tools, especially in 
cold weather where the blood flow to 
the hand is reduced, the worker loses 
feeling in the fingers and can no longer 
grip the tools. Power tools, however, 
reduce the amount of energy needed to 
do work and can reduce muscle strain. 
Powered or pneumatic screwdrivers, 
for example, cut down on the twisting 
wrist motions and help prevent wrist 

Another important factor in tool de- 
sign is weight. Heavy tools require more 
energy to hold and position, produce 
greater fatigue, and place greater strain 
on the muscles in the hand. Sometimes 
lighter weight tools are available, or in 
shops, the tools can be suspended on 
a counter weight. Even the shape of 
the screw can be important in injury 
prevention. A hex-head screw requires 
much less pressure than a phillips head 
to tighten or loosen. 

Wrist and hand injuries are a common 
problem among UBC members, but 
they can be prevented by paying close 
attention to the ways that work places 
a strain on the muscles and tendons, 
and redesigning the tools and the way 
the work is done. 

of Fingers 




Nine Flexor 
Tendons of 

Causes of Wrist 
and Hand 


The more repetitive the motion, 
the more likely to cause injury. 


The more force required, the more 
stress it places on joints, nerves 
and tendons. 


Awkward work positions also add 
to stress and strain. 


Vibrating tools can damage nerves 
and circulation. 

New or Unusual 
Work Assignments 

Starting a new job or using a new 
tool or work practice can place 
strains on workers until they get 
used to the process. 

Carrying or 
Holding Loads 

Can also add to stress on the 
joints, particularly shoulders, and 
to fatigue. 


A faster workpace can add to 
mental and physical stress, plus 
make work more repetitive. 

Tool Design 

The size and shape of the tool 
and the placement of triggers can 
all be important factors in stress 
on the hand. Other factors in- 
clude: The amount of force re- 
quired for trigger activation, the 
weight of the tool, the handle 
characteristics. If grips are too 
large or small it becomes uncom- 
fortable. A slippery handle (bare 
metal) requires more force to hold. 
Finger slots or short handles can 
cause pressure points in the fin- 
gers or palm leading to tendonitis. 
The best designed tools are those 
that allow you to work with a 
straight wrist and your arm at 
your side. 

Canadian Work 
Sites Unsafe 

The job hazards present every minute of 
every day in the work-places of Canada 
are virtually ignored, according to Ed Finn 
of the Toronto Star. For every policeman 
killed on duty, more than 100 miners, con- 
struction workers, factory workers, and 
other employees are killed on the job. 

Occupational hazards are the third lead- 
ing cause of death in Canada, surpassed 
only by heart disease and cancer. And a 
large number of the cancer deaths can be 
traced to exposure to toxic chemicals or 
radiation in the workplace. 

Every six seconds in Canada, a worker 
is injured on the job. More than 70 million 
working days are lost every year through 
job-related injuries and disease. 

Canada's job fatality rate is one of the 
world's highest — far above comparable 
rates in the United States and Europe. On 
a per capita basis, for example, five times 
as many Canadians are killed each year in 
manufacturing, and six times as many in 
construction, than the numbers of Ameri- 
cans killed in those industries. 

Canadians are twice as likely to die from 
job hazards as in car accidents, 18 times 
more likely to die violently at work than to 
be killed outside the workplace. 28 times 
more likely to suffer injury on the job than 
to be the victim of a criminal assault off 
the job. 

Nor is this work carnage confined to 
private sector industries. The public sector 
is not safe either. Every year, nearly 200 
public employees in Canada are killed at 

Employers are mostly to blame for fail- 
ing to provide their workers with safe 
equipment and procedures — employers 
who in effect are putting profits ahead of 
their employees' health. 

They can do that with impunity because 
even the inadequate safety standards ap- 
plied by Canadian governments are very 
laxly enforced. Inspections are few and su- 
perficial. And. when an employer is found 
guilty of breaching the safety laws, his 
penalty is usually a small fine. 

One company was recently fined $500 
for failing to install a safety device — but 
only after a machine operator, a widowed 
mother of four, lost eight fingers on the 
defective machine. 

In another recent case, a company found 
responsible for the death of a worker was 
fined $1,000. 

The largest fine recorded for violating 
safety standards leading to three deaths 
was against an Alberta firm that failed to 
provide three workers with portable respi- 
rators. The fine was $5,000. 

The grim reality is that, until the author- 
ities get serious about reducing injuries 
and disease in our workplaces and crack- 
ing down on employers, we will continue 
to experience a great deal more violence in 
the places where we work than we do in 
the streets. 




Big Labor has overtaken Big Government as the 
major threat to the country in the public's opinion, 
according to a Gallup poll recently released. 

The poll, conducted in November, shows that 
34% of Canadians view Big Labor as "the biggest 
threat to Canada in years to come" compared with 
33% who say it is Big Government and just 1 7% 
who think it is Big Business. The rest — 16% — don't 

When the same question was put to Canadians 
in 1 983, some 45% said Big Government was the 
biggest threat compared with 34% who said it was 
Big Labor and 14% who said it was Big Business. 

Since then, the federal government has changed 
hands from the Liberals to the Progressive Con- 
servatives, which may account for the drop in the 
numbers of people who view Big Government as 
the worst threat. 

Nonetheless, a regional breakdown of today's poll 
shows that residents of Ontario and the Prairie 
provinces still view Big Government as the major 

In Ontario, 39% named Big Government com- 
pared with 30% for Big Labor and 1 8% for Big 

The province in which Big Labor was most often 
singled out was Quebec, where some 44% of resi- 
dents named Big Labor. 

These results are based on a survey of 1 ,047 
Canadian adults. A sample of this size is consid- 
ered accurate within four percentage points, 19 out 
of 20 times. 


The most recent wage settlement statistics pro- 
vided by Labor Canada show rather bluntly how 
much harder the recession has hit unions in West- 
ern Canada. In the third quarter of 1984, unions in 
B.C. and Alberta settled for average annual wage 
increases of 1 .8% vs 3.7% for the rest of Canadian 
unions. Labor Canada also examined the wage in- 
creases provided for in the first year of all new 
contracts — these averaged 0.9% in B.C. and Al- 
berta and 4.0% in the rest of Canada. For public 
sector unions, the difference was even more 
marked — 0.8% for the two Western provinces vs 
4.6% for public sector unions elsewhere. 


Canada's construction industry saw no real 
growth in 1984 despite a 42% increase in federal 
government spending on capital projects. 

Although there was a 3.9% increase in over-all 
spending on construction projects, it was entirely 
generated by inflation and real growth was nil, says 
Bill Nevins, chief economist with the Canadian Con- 
struction Association in Ottawa. 

Construction would have actually declined without 
Ottawa's spending through its special capital recov- 
ery projects introduced in 1983, Nevins said. 

Real spending on construction dropped 1 .5% in 
1983 and a whopping 10% drop in 1982, he added. 

In 1985, however, Nevins said he expects to see 
real growth of 2.5 to 3% in construction spending 
with total expenditures reaching $60.5 billion from 
last year's $57.5 billion, despite the end of Ottawa's 
special recovery projects. 

Most of this year's gain will come from a 9% real 
growth in commercial building. Residential building, 
on the other hand, is expected to drop. 


The job market outlook in most western industrial 
countries has been seriously depressed since 1981. 
Nevertheless, the demand for part-time workers in 
the post-recession era continues to grow quite rap- 

In Canada's case, however, the statistics indicate 
that a considerable number of married women who 
are employed part-time are only doing so because 
equivalent full-time jobs are not available. What has 
really happened is that the demand for part-time 
labor has grown rapidly because in periods of un- 
certainty employers are still emphasizing labor cost 
cutting and flexibility. A by-product of economic un- 
certainty is to downplay full-time jobs and to tilt the 
composition of the work force in the part-time direc- 
tion. Upon reflection one can see that this relatively 
new development disguises unemployment and 
forces the unemployed and the underemployed into 
de-facto job sharing. 

The London Economist in September quoted an 
OECD report which highlights this rather dramatic 
shift towards part-time employment in the world's 
labor market. "The share of part-time employees in 
total employment increased between 1973 and 
1981 in nearly all the 24 countries that belong to 
the OECD." 

If you are one of the winners on the employment 
scene in Canada today, you are most likely to be a 
woman, 25 or older, and employed part-time in fi- 
nance, insurance, or real estate. 

And if you are in the labor force but do not 
currently have a job, you are probably a man look- 
ing for full-time employment in the retail or whole- 
sale trade industries. 

Despite the recession, women have continued to 
enter the labor force at a rapid rate. There are 
about 530,000 more women 25 and over in the 
labor market today than there were 3Vz years ago, 
an increase of almost 1 6%. Two-thirds of 'hem 
have found employment. 

By contrast, there are only about 300,000 more 
men 25 and over in the labor force, up about "'' . 
and the employmer:; gain is less than 1%. 

MARCH, 1985 

locni union nEuis 

Chicago Area Unions 
Protest at Sixpence Inn 

Chill winds and snow fail to keep Chicago-area 
Building Trades leaders from protesting construc- 
tion of an Elk Grove Village, III., unit of Six- 
pence Inns of America by non-union workers 
from other states. All trades are fighting this 
100% non-union operation. They are shown at 
the Route 83 gate. Photo at right shows Carpen- 
ters Local 839 sign mounted on truck. — Chicago 
Federation News Photos 



WHICH DOES NOT PAV '^ rfr® ^""^ ^^ SXC CO 1 



Electric Boat Contract 
Boosts Wage, Benefits 

A sign-up bonus, an upcoming lump sum 
payment, and wage increases of 7%. as well 
as substantial benefit improvements, are 
contained in a new 42-month contract signed 
by the Metal Trades Council of New London 
County, Conn., on behalf of some 1,200 
workers at the Electric Boat Division of the 
General Dynamics Corp. at Groton, Conn., 
according to MTC President Thomas Kiddy. 

Workers voted 11 to I to accept the 
agreement, which runs to June 30, 1988. The 
settlement came six months before expira- 
tion of the preceding contract. 

A $150 sign-up bonus has been paid. On 
June 30, 1985, workers will receive a 4% 
lump-sum payment. Wage increases will be 
4% in June, 1986, and 3% in June, 1987. 

Monthly pension benefits will increase 
from the present $14 to $18 per year of 
service over the length of the contract. 
Retirees will have a comprehensive medical 
plan for themselves and their dependents 
and a new Medicare supplements plan after 
April 1 , 1985, with the company paying two- 
thirds of the cost. 

Medical benefits improvements include 
new hospice care for the terminally ill, vision 
care, and hearing care plans. Sick and ac- 
cident benefits are improved from a range 
of $105-$I90 to $125-$230. UBC members 
work under the agreement. 

AFL-CIO Guide 
to Scholarships 

The 1985 edition of the AFL-CIO 
Guide to Union Sponsored Scholar- 
ships, Awards, and Student Financial 
Aid is now available at AFL-CIO 
Headquarters in Washington. 

This AFL-CIO Department of Ed- 
ucation publication lists more than 
2,000 scholarships worth up to $14,000 
per school year. The AFL-CIO pub- 
lishes the guide to aid union members, 
their dependents, and students in the 
often difficult search for financial as- 
sistance to cover the cost of attending 
colleges and other post-secondary in- 

For a copy write to: Scholarship 
Guide, AFL-CIO Department of Ed- 
ucation, 815 16th Street. N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20006. 

Single copies are free for union 
members; $3.00 per copy for all other 

Editor's Note: The United Broth- 
erhood itself does not sponsor a 
scholarship program. However, some 
local unions and councils do. They 
are listed in this directory. 

Danville Committee 
Aids Needy Family 

Local 269, Danville, 111., sent five mem- 
bers to the United Way's recent union coun- 
selor training. The Local has a community 
service committee that is now hard at work 
with Jim Ostrander as it chairman. 

The committee has taken on a major aid 
program with a family in nearby Westville. 
The family lived in a house that rents for 
$25 a month with no furnace. It had no 
income, no food, and no fuel for the only 
source of heat, a kerosene heater. The mother 
was in need of medical attention, and they 
were having problems with a former landlord 
who won't let the family have its furniture 
or personal belongings. Jim's committee has 
taken the bull by the horns. They installed 
a gas furnace purchased by funding from the 
Salvation Army and several local churches. 
The mother has received medical treatment 
through Project Medi-Share and Legal Aid 
has been called about the previous landlord. 
With Jim Ostrander and his committee lead- 
ing the way step by step, this is Community 
Services working, serving, and giving at it's 


Attend your local union meetings 
regularly. Be an active, voting member 
of the United Brotherhood of Carpen- 
ters and Joiners of America. 



Los Angeles Carpenters Play Key Role 
in Providing Siieiter For Area Homeless 



iill^^qoiagiE .IllllllllilllliHi 


Nearly 200 volunleer union craftsmen in Los Angeles, Calif., take up the tools in a 
whirlwind effort that resulted in construction of a 9 ,000-square-foot shelter for the 
homeless in only four days. The project, approved by the city and built in just a week, 
was the idea of Los Angeles County AFL-CIO Executive Sec.-Treas. William Robertson. 
Union volunteers were coordinated by the Los Angeles County Building & Construction 
Trades Council and the District Council of Carpenters. Area unions also paid for all 
building materials. 

In an amazing display of compassion and 
skill, hundreds of AFL-CIO union volun- 
teers, working under the direction of Elmer 
Griggs, organizer for the Los Angeles County 
District Council of Carpenters, transformed 
a barren parking lot in the heart of Los 
Angeles' Skid Row by constructing a 10,000- 
square-foot temporary shelter for the home- 
less. The entire project took less than two 
weeks to go from conception to completion. 

Materials for the project, initiated by Los 
Angeles County Federation of Labor head 
William R. Robertson, were provided either 
free or below cost by union contractors in 
the area, 

Paul Miller, secretary treasurer of the Los 
Angeles County District Council, said "When 
Bill Robertson contacted me to see if the 
district council would be able to help out on 
the project, I sent Elmer Griggs to a planning 
session to see what we needed to do." 

"When you see people sleeping in their 
cars, if they're lucky, or on park benches, 
you know that something has to be done," 
Miller said. 

The meeting which Griggs, a member of 
Carpenters Local 844, attended on Wednes- 
day, January 9, was held at the City's Com- 
munity Redevelopment Agency, which owned 
the land that had been selected as the site 
for the project during a meeting between Bill 
Robertson and Los Angeles' Mayor Tom 
Bradley one day earlier. 

At the earlier meeting Robertson had pro- 
posed to Bradley that the unions of Los 
Angeles would construct an emergency shel- 
ter if the City could provide a location. 
Robertson's offer was prompted by reports 
that there were more than 30,000 homeless 

in Los Angeles County, and the closing of 
a temporary "tent city" which had offered 
shelter over the Christmas Holidays. 

The shelter would provide some measure 
of relief while governmental agencies pre- 
pare more longterm responses, according to 

Arriving at the Community Redevelop- 
ment Agency meeting, Griggs was asked by 
the chairman of the agency, James Wood, 
who is also assistant secretary-treasurer of 
the Los Angeles County Federation of La- 
bor, to begin working with the agency's 
architects on plans for a 10,000-square-foot 

When Griggs learned that the plan was to 
begin construction the following Saturday, 
January I2th, and to have the building ready 
to operate by the next week he immediately 
called Lee Bolin, a union contractor, and 
asked for help. 

In what has become the trademark of the 
entire project, Bolin immediately agreed to 
send men to the site on Saturday morning. 
When Saturday arrived so did Bolin with 
twice the number of men requested. 

Another call was placed by Robertson to 
V.C. "Bud" Mathis, head of the Los An- 
geles County Building Trades Council and 
a member of Carpenters Local 1507. who 
agreed to contact the other trades whose 
help would be needed and arrange for vol- 
unteers when needed. From there on every- 
thing ran like clockwork as Mathis scheduled 
for roofers, electricians, sprinkler fitters, 
painters, and laborers. 

Next, a major downtown developer, Ox- 
ford Corporation, which is developing the 
Continued on Page 24 



Groove Point* 
bores faster^^^ 
cleaner holes 

* Forged in one 
piece from 
special grade 
tool steel. 


overall lor 


•Available 1/4" 
sizes at fine 
hardware stores 

*Palx/rt fkndin^ 




-1W(1rTnngton:Otiro-4ST?-7i i 

Telephone 513/382-3811 
Telex 241 S50 j 

Full Length Roof Framer 

The roof fravxer companion since 
1917. Over 500,000 copies sold. 

A pocket size book with the EN- 
TIRE length of Common-Hip-Valley 
and Jack rafters completely worked 
out for you. The flattest pitch is % 
inch rise to 12 inch run. Pitches in- 
crease Vz inch rise each time until 
the steep pitch of 24" rise to 12" 
run is reached. 

There are 2400 widths of build- 
ings for each pitch. The smallest 
width is H inch and they increase 
Vi" each time until they cover a 50 
foot building. 

There are 2400 Commons and 2400 
Hip, Valley & Jack lengths for each 
pitch. 230,400 rafter lengths for 48 

A hip roof is 48'-9>^" wide. Pitch 
is 7 '72" rise to 12" run. You can pick 
out the length of Commons, Hips and 
Jacks and the Cuts in ONE MINUTE. 
Let us prove it, or return your money. 

In the U.S.A. send $6.00. California resi- 
dents add 360 tax. 

We also have a very fine Stair book 
9" X 12". It sells for $4.00. California 
residents add 240 tax. 


P. 0. Box 40.5, Palo Alto, Calif. 94a02 

MARCH, 1985 


Hang It Up 

Clamp these heavy 
duty, non-stretch 
suspenders to your 
nail bags or tool 
belt and you'll feel 
like you are floating 
on air. They Jake all 
the weight off your 
hips and place the 
load on your 
shoulders. Made of 
soft, comfortable 2" 
wide nylon. Adjust 

Patented tO fit all slzeS. 


Try them for 15 days, if not completely 
satisfied return for full refund. Don't be 
miserable another day, order now. 


Red n Blue □ Green n Brown □ 
Red, White & Blue n 

Please rush "HANG IT UP" suspenders at 
$16.95 each includes postage & handling. 
California residents add 6'/2% sales tax 
(.91(). "Canada residents please send U.S. 
equivalent, Money Orders Only. " 







Bank Americard/ Visa D Master Charge n 
Card # 

Exp. Date. 

Phone # 

4806 Los Arboles Place, Fremont, CA 94536 

Please give street address for prompt delivery. 

Arizona Steward Training 

Don't let 
your lungs 

go to pot| 

Smoking marijuana is a lot more dangerous 
than you think And a lot less cool 


9 ® The Christmas Seal People ® 

Space contributed by ttie publisher as a public service 

The Arizona State District Council of Carpenters held a Stewardship Training Program 
in Phoenix last September. The training committee was made up of David Deerman. 
assistant business representative for Carpenters' Local 1089: Bob Mover, business repre- 
sentative for Drywall and Lathers Local 1327; and Jim Kelley. assistant business repre- 
sentative for Millwright Local 1914. 

The program was held in accordance with the UBC Trainee's Manual. Forty-five 
registered for the program. Those who completed the training are shown in the picture: 

Front row, from left, Robin Co.x, Larry Tafoya. Gilbert Quintero, John Palmer Jr., 
Ramon Vasquez, Greg Snyder, Dave Harris, and Edgar Rohichaud. Second row. left to 
right, Eddie Armstrong, Kim Kessinger. Ron Morgan. Al Cuhill, Curt Wilczewski, David 
Sievwright, Louis Locicero, Al Ingram. Tom Nugent, Lois Wiedmaier, and Chuck Wied- 
maier. Third row, left to right, Carl Wiedmaier, Roland Kerr, George Ruhl, Ron McNeff, 
Marc Belinskovitch, Jim Kelley, Business Representative, Local 1914. Dana Martin, 
Dave Deerman. Business Representative, Local 1089. Fourth row, Francis Gouvernuer, 
Russ Morris, Bill Bolin, Don Williams, Ralph Hawkins, Chuck Detherow, Steve Rich- 
ards, Paul Wiedmaier, Brian Butler, and Bob Mover, Business Representative, Local 

Not pictured: Kathryn Huskey: Art Peeiy, Business Representative, Local 906: Rick 
Mills, Business Representative, Local 906: Bill Martin, Business Representative, Local 
1216: Marvin Smith. Building Trades Safety Coordinator: Steve Riifbv, and Rick Schae- 

Stewards Train in Peekskill 

Participants in a recently completed shop stewards training class in Local 163, Peek- 
skill. N.Y., assembled for a class picture. 

Front row, from left: William Rehak, Matt Cook. Frances Chipman. Bus. Rep. Gordon 
Lyons, and Dennis O'Brien. 

Back row: Apprenticeship and Training Coordinator Westchester District Council Rob- 
ert McClernon, Jose Morales, Amando Pane, Al. Buhs, Pat Morin, John Wyville. Boh 
Stein, Bob Heller, Richard Chipman, John Williams, Rickey Catley. Bob Grant, John 
Licari and Richie Chiappi. 



Al Itfi iht fiiH-scalc 
model of the blast fiir- 
nuc e IS dn arfed by the 
bis inflatable ware- 
house installed at 
Stotie\ Creek to pro- 
tect It Aboie, two 
members of the work 
CI en inside the 145- 
feet-wide by 35-feet- 
high furnace model. 

Model Building on the Grand Scale by Local 1 8 Members 

A huge full-scale model of a steel blast 
furnace, made of plywood, plastic and tin, 
was recently created by members of Car- 
penters Local 18, Hamilton, Ont. 

It was erected under an equally huge, 
inflatable warehouse in Stoney Creek, a 
community east of Hamilton. 

The intricate structure was not a museum 
piece for visitors to admire, but "a tool in 
a megaproject" which is the relining and 
modernization of No. 4 Blast Furnace for 
one of Canada's largest steel-producing com- 

Engineers of the Dominion Foundries and 
Steel Company (DOFASCO) decided that 
the No. 4 furnace needed new technology, 
better instrumentation, and more room to 
function. The best way and the cheapest 
way to determine the answers to their many 
questions was to build a mock-up version of 
the real thing, then check and double check 
everything. Millions of dollars could be lost 
by the company if pipes were incorrectly 
installed or platforms were too low or too 
high to be safe and functional. Why not test 
everything ahead of time before launching 
the multimillion-dollar megaproject? We are 
told that you can modernize a steel furnace 
for less than the interest carrying charges of 
buying a new one. (Steel industiy executives 
considering reindiistrialization, take note.) 

"The modernization of No. 4 will allow 
us to produce more hot metal at a lower fuel 
rate with a longer campaign life and with 
tighter environmental control," says John 
Holditch, Dofasco's superintendent of iron 
production. The problem with adding to an 
existing facility is one of space. Do we have 
room to 'shoe-horn' everything in? Once it's 
in, can the operators work around it and can 
maintenance mechanics get in and service 
that pipe or that valve? 

"It's very difficult to visualize three-di- 
mensional aspects like that off a set of 

drawings. You run mto a similar problem 
with all the different levels and elevations 
of the cast house floor. That's why we 
needed a model and needed it full size — so 
we end up with an installation that can be 
installed, and will allow men and mobile 
equipment to function properly in the pro- 
duction of hot metal." 

Thus the model is part of the design 
process and provides a 'dry run' for people 
involved in the reline. During a reline an 
incredible amount of work is done in a 
relatively short lime. When No. 4 was last 
relined in 1980 it took 63 days and, at peak 
periods, up to 1,000 people a day working 
on it. Such frenetic activity leaves no room 
for stopping and making modifications be- 
cause something didn't turn out as planned. 

Currently 72 days are scheduled for the 
1985 reline. But because the project and 
decision-making are such dynamic proc- 
esses, that could change. As John Holditch 
points out, the model contributes signifi- 

Local 18 members involved in 
the model blast-furnace con- 
struction included, front row, 
from left. Ivan Antolin. 
Sandy Macleod. Stefan Ko- 
lar. Ed Bischoff. and Don 
Charron. Back row. from left, 
Dave Hammill. Stefan Gas- 
par. Norm Hawe. supervisor 
on the project for Local 18. 
and Victor Bodnar. 

The life-size furnace model 
enabled personnel from oper- 
ations and other maintenance 
groups to make sure that all 
new components could be in- 
stalled with no problems. 

cantly to that dynamism. 

"As we began building the model, some- 
one would find a problem. We'd fix it — on 
the model — then go back and change the 
drawings. This dynamic process is ongoing. 
The people involved were all over the model 
and met every week to discuss their findings. 
Many changes were made — things that were 
not obvious from looking at the draw- 
ings. ... By the time we left, we had all the 
kinks ironed out, so the final working draw- 
ings would be perfect." 

Also, by the time they left, the model will 
have cost over $l/4-million in manpower and 
materials. That sounds like a lot to spend 
on a mock-up, but it's estimated that the 
model will save more than ten times its cost. 
An added benefit, difficult to assess in dollar 
terms, is that after repeated exposure to the 
model, the people who have to work with 
the real thing will be familiar with the changes 
and understand the reasons for them. They, 
and ultimately Dofasco's iron production. 
Continued on Page 26 

MARCH, 1985 


Local 417 Apprentice 
Wins Missouri Contest 

Thorn Sheahan of Cape Girardeau. Mo., 
a member of Local 417, was first place 
winner in the recent Missouri Apprentice- 
ship Competition. Sheahan competed against 
seven other fourth-year apprentices from 
around the state in a four-hour written test, 
two-hour transit level competition, and a 
manipulative project. 

'Lifetime' iVIember 

John E. Mackay. 
recording secretary 
of Local 455, So- 
merville, N.J., en- 
listed the aid of 
"Chris the Greek" 
of Manville, N.J., 
to have his own 
personal "union la- 
bel" tatooed on his 

Don't Buy List 

Continued from Page 14 


Heavy duty chains sold in hardware 
stores. The Nixdorff-Lloyd brand name 
appears on the chain spool. 
Machinists and Aerospace Workers 


Powder Detergents: Tide. Cheer. Oxy- 

dol. Bold 
Liquid Detergents: Ivory, Joy, Dawn 
Bar Soaps: Zest, Camay, Ivory 
United Steelworkers of America 


Cigarettes: Camel, Winston, Salem, Doral, 
Vantage, More, Now, Real, Bright, 
Smoking Tobaccos: Prince Albert, George 
Washington, Carter Hall, Apple, Ma- 
deira Mixture, Royal Comfort, Top, 
Our Advertiser 
Little Cigars: Winchester 
Chewing Tobaccos: 

Brown's Mule, Days Work, Apple, 
R. J. Gold, Work Horse, Top, Rey- 
nolds Natural Leaf, Reynolds Sun Cured 
Bakery, Confectionery & Tobacco Work- 


United Automobile , Aerospace & Agri- 
cultural Implement Workers 


Withdraw funds 
United Food <£ Commercial Workers 


Baseboard heaters for the home 
United Automobile , Aerospace & Agri- 
cultural Implement Workers 

Los Angeles Carpenters 

Continued from Page 21 

Citicorp Plaza project, volunteered to act as 
purchasing agent for materials. The contrac- 
tor on the Citicorp job, PCL Construction 
also joined, providing a forklift and other 
materials when necessary. 

The lumber and other supplies were or- 
dered on Thursday and by 8:00 am Friday 
had been delivered, pre-cut. to the site. 

At 7:00 am Saturday morning volunteers 
from nearly 20 Carpenter locals began to 
arrive on site, joined by volunteers from 
other trades and AFL-CIO Unions including 
CWA. OPEIU. and others. 

That was when the transformation of what 
had until then been known as "Thieves 
Corner" began. Throughout that first day 
nearly 200 men and women swarmed over 
the project doing any and every job that 
came their way. 

By mid morning the deck had been put 
down and all exterior and interior walls were 
framed out. At 3:30 that afternoon when 
Griggs called a halt to the day's work the 
first windows had been put in place. 

The pace on Sunday was the same, with 
drywallers playing center stage as they hung 
double thicknesses of -/s" drywall to meet 
the two-hour firewall requirements for the 
safety of the building. 

The entire project went so smoothly and 
quickly that by Tuesday morning the painters 
were on the job applying the exterior wood 
stain and painting the interior walls and 

The final hurdle was overcome when 70 
members of the Sprinkler Fitters arrived on 
the job Thursday evening. Working until 
12:30 in the morning they completed the 
installation of a complete fire sprinkler sys- 
tem in one night. 

Los Angeles' Mayor Bradley, who had 
visited the job on Saturday, was delighted 
with the progress of the shelter. 

"This is fantastic," Bradley said as the 
shelter grew while he watched. "I'm really 
impressed with the speed with which the 
labor union representatives have put up this 
temporary facility. This is not only going to 
be far superior to anything anyone ever 
expected, it will have all the building and 
safety provisions." 

The final contribution to the project was 
made by the UBC's apprenticeship program, 
which built wooden platforms for mattresses 
to be placed on, providing the homeless of 
Los Angeles with a safe, secure place to 
sleep, union built top to bottom. 

Throughout the project participants voiced 
unanimous agreement that not only was it a 
job worth doing but they felt a great deal of 
satisfaction m being able to contribute some- 
thing of themselves to the solution of such 
a dire problem. 

One first period apprentice, who had not 
known that unions were involved in activities 
like this said. "It feels great working here. 
It feels like Christmas." 


Carpenters 563 — Carlos Aguirre 
Carpenters 844 — Felipe Baeza, Anthony 
Borgen, Paul Clayton, Fred Griggs, Mike 
Griggs, Dave Hale, Sherman Hewson Jr., 

Brian James, Jules Lorenz, Michael Nelson, 
Charles O'Connor, Bruce Pinnehu, Bob Pis- 
tole, Pete Shampay. 

Carpenters 929 — Alfred Areyan. 

Carpenters 1052 — Robert Betts. 

Carpenters 1400 — Dennis Gradare, Na- 
poleon Muniz, Mike Piazza. 

Carpenters 1140 — Tommie Stanley. 

Carpenters 1400 — Bill Luddy, Turgay 

Carpenters 1407 — Meril Smith. 

Carpenters 1437 — Floyd Clay, Angela 
Dunn, Ira Harvest, George Holguin, Darryl 

Carpenters 1478 — Nelu Ardeljan, Lynn 
HoUiday, Ron Whitney. 

Carpenters 1497 — Richard Estes. 

Carpenters 710 — Ron McCleery, Tom 
Mannon Jr., Scott Merrill, Frank Rabalais, 
Lonnie Saathoff. James Ward. 

Carpenters 1507 — Lee Brown, Frank Ra- 
mos, Fiji Saleem. 

Carpenters 2435 — John Bradley Gibson, 
Wm. "Red" Egan, Robert Keyes, Vincent 
Ruan, Teresa Tucker. 

Carpenters 1506 — Kraig Albertson, Moises 
Almeda, Bemie Ashauer, Wyatt Bransford, 
Brian Cox, M. Dahlquist. Kim Doyle, Joseph 
Goldburg, Mike Goldberg, Charles Gon- 
zales, Wesley Green, Doug Kirkup, Jack 
Kirkup, Myron Lapka, Guadalupe Leal, 
Richard Ludt, Bob Milewsky, Mark Mills, 
Doug McCarron, Mike McCarron, Pedro 
Padilla, Jesus Padilla, Jose Perez, Edward 
Schrody, Jerry Smith, Jerry Vlach, David 
VonNormann, Keith Workman, Roy Work- 

Carpenters 1607 — Raymond Lloyd. 

Carpenters 1752 — Brian Cole. 

Carpenters 1913 — Leopoldo Bautista, C.R. 
Dunham. Robert Frost. Francis Keller, Er- 
vin Keyser, Montel McClellan, James Rich- 
ard Moore, Isaac Munguia. Robert Samm, 
Kent Schmedes, Terry Twitchell, Jim Waters, 
Rob Wnght. 

Carpenters 1976 — Joe Alegre, Vince Guer- 
rero, Colin Lever, Mark Pledger, Fernando 
Reguena, Jose Reyes, Mario Vergara. 

Carpenters 2042 — Jack Allman, James 

Carpenters 2463 — Jerry Evans, Tracy 
Fikes, Terry Izzard, Bob Peters, David Stod- 

Los Angeles Building Trades Council — Art 
Carolan, V.C. "Bud " Mathis. Ron Ken- 

Carpenters District Council — Tom Ben- 
son, Wally Bond, John DeCarlo, Lloyd Du- 
ronslet, Alfred Encinas, Marty Trenouth, 
Armando Vergara. 

Century Freeway Project — Robert Harley, 
John Mendoza, Charles Phillips. 


Continued from Page 11 

shop steward has always had the responsi- 
bility of changing stamps for label printing, 
and now also attaches the union label (kept 
under separate lock) to the printer. 

"The market for waferboard continues to 
grow, and Local 2443 is growing too. But 
please remember, not all waferboard is the 
same. Make sure you get the quality board, 
look for the union label, look for Blandex," 
say members of Local 2443. 



These Union-Made 

Products Are on 

Your Supermarket and 

Drug Store Shelves 

The shelves of your local supermarkets 
and drug stores are lined with an array of 
pharmaceutical, health-care, and cleaning 
products which are manufactured in sani- 
tary, efficient North American plants by 
members of the Oil, Chemical and Atomic 
Workers Union, AFL-CIO. The pictures 
below show many of them. 

They come from such union companies as 
American Home Products Corporation, 
Boyle-Midway, Whitehall Laboratories, and 
P & M Company . . . and they are union 

Here are some consumer tips when shop- 
ping for products like those shown on this 

• Read the labels ... to know the ingre- 
dients and weights and to be aware of the 
precautions issued for their use. 

• Check the prices. Why pay 20% to 1 00% 
more for a product when you can save by 
buying the large, economy size? Compare 
the prices of other union-made products on 
the shelf. 

• You must remember that many phar- 
maceuticals have time limitations on their 
use. Look for expiration dates on the labels 
and throw them away when that date is past. 

It is a good idea to make a periodic check 
of medicine cabinets and keep them up to 

• Keep the containers with safety caps 
fully capped when not in use, especially with 
children in the house. 

• Drugs and medicines sold under their 
"generic" or common names usually cost 
much less than under brand names, but the 
pharmacist must fill a prescription with the 
brand a doctor prescribes. You might ask 
him if a more reasonably priced generic drug 
is available, e.xpecially for maintenance drugs 
for chronic conditions. 

• Many unions, community organiza- 
tions, and senior-citizen groups have their 
own drug discount plans or purchasing ar- 
rangements with local pharmacies. Ask your 
union or your druggist about this. 

The photographs are reprinted with per- 
mission from the OCAW Reporter, January- 
February. 1985. 

MARCH, 1985 

In The News 


David Bey. left, lands a left on Grady Daniels in a fight in Las 
Vegas, July, 1983. This month he fights again in Las Vegas. 

Larry Holmes Opponent 
Is Union Piledriver 

David Bey, a member of Philadelphia. Pa., Piledrivers' Local 
454, is scheduled to fight Larry Holmes for the heavyweight title 
on March 15 at the Riviera Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas. Nev. 
The fight will be televised on cable television. 

Bey is currently the United States Boxing Association heavy- 
weight champion. He won this title by defeating Greg Page in a 
unanimous decision in a 12-round title fight, last August 31, in 
Las Vegas. 

David's father, Joe Bey, had been a member of Piledrivers' 
Local 454 for 40 years when he passed away in March, 1982. 
David, along with his brother Joseph, followed in his father's 
footsteps, graduating from Local 454's apprenticeship program 
and going on to become competent journeymen. 

During four years in the U.S. Army. Dave won 49 of 53 fights, 
47 by knockouts. Forty-two of his opponents never got to the 
second round. Dave is currently 14-0 with 11 knockouts. 

David says he wants to bring home the undisputed heavyweight 
title for all the members of the Brotherhood. 

In a recent story headlined "Bey Has Paid Dues, In and Out of 
the Ring," a sports writer for the Philadelphia Daily News tells 
something of Bey's union membership: 

"I've been in the union since 1979," Bey told the sports writer 
while working out at the Don King Training Camp in Orwell, 
Ohio, "I wouldn't give that up for nothing." 

"I'm going to keep my union card even if 1 make a million 
dollars, and I expect to." 

The sports writer commented, "He wasn't bragging. That's the 
way he talks. He's candid, honest, and interesting in an everyday 
sort of way. 

"When he talks about Larry Holmes, he speaks with respect. 
He talks like a guy who is going to take a 14-0 record in and face 
one of the greatest fighters of his time, perhaps of any time, a guy 
who has knocked out twice as many guys as Bey has faced. 

"But . . . 

" 'With all due respect,' Bey said. 'I'm not going to let him 
beat me.' " 

UBC Says Politics Behind 
Formaldehyde Rule Delay 

Three and a half years ago, the United Brotherhood 
joined 14 other international unions in petitioning the 
Occupational Safety and Health Administration to reduce 
exposure levels for formaldehyde. 

In the months that have elapsed. OSHA has done little 
to reduce this continuing worker hazard. It has delayed 
issuing a revised regulation, saying that there isn't enough 
evidence that change is needed. 

One and a half years ago. there was a special meeting 
held in Little Rock, Ark., under the National Toxicology 
Program of the federal government, where experts indicated 
a need for reduced exposure levels for the chemical. 

The United Auto Workers went to court to force the 
issue, and OSHA was ordered by the court to decide by 
April 15 whether or not to proceed with formal rulemaking. 

Last November, OSHA reported another study on for- 
maldehyde exposure levels, but once more the agency 
decided that it didn't have enough evidence to act. 

Last month, to act upon the court order, OSHA con- 
ducted a three-day public meeting at the U.S. Labor 
Department in Washington to gather new evidence and 
comments on the matter. 

The United Brotherhood was represented at that meeting 
by Occupational Safety and Health Director Joseph L. 
Durst, Jr.. and by Industrial Hygienist Scott Schneider. 

Durst told OSHA at the meeting that the "supposed 
controversy over the carcinogenic risk of formaldehyde" 
and the general controversy over quantitative risk assess- 
ment "are truly a disguise for political decisions not to 

"Formaldehyde has been studied intensively and we 
believe there is sufficient evidence to regulate it," Durst 
said. "Those who are calling for scientific certainty know 
full well that it cannot and need not exist." 

"The upshot," Durst said, "is delay and more delay," 
while "OSHA is sanctioning the continued exposure to 
excessive levels of formaldehyde knowing full well its toxic 
and carcinogenic properties." The public hearing will 
probably add another six months to the rulemaking process 
while the transcript is "analyzed to death," he said. 

Noting the courts gave OSHA broad discretion to de- 
termine significant risk and that UBC members are exposed 
to hazardous levels "everyday in the workplace." Durst 

"What will it take to convince those governmental 
decision makers who, in their zeal to deregulate, ignore 
the evidence that exists of significant harm? How many 
humans must die to force OSHA to act? OSHA has become 
paralyzed by industry demands for certainty and our 
members are suffering the consequences." 

Model Building 

Continued from Page 23 

will have benefited from the teamwork without which this project 
would not be possible. 

Construction on the model — performed by Local 18 members 
for Jaddco, Ltd., a general contractor and a specialist in furnace 
construction — was begun in June. 1984. Carpenters put in more 
than 5.000 man hours on the job. The big model was dismantled 
in December, after Dofasco experts completed their studies. 
— Photographs and stoiy excerpted from The Dofasco Illustrated 
News. Dofasco. Inc. Ontario Canada. 



HPPREnilCESHIP & TRmnillli 

One-Day Minorities Workshop Draws 
Three Groups to California Demonstration 

The 46 Northern Cahfornia Counties Dry- 
wall/Lathing JATC & TB conducted a one- 
day workshop for women and minorities 
interested in drywall/lathing apprenticeship. 

The drywall/lathing training staff, Ted R. 
Woodward, director; Richard Noar, coor- 
dinator; Vasco Bigongiari and Gary Robin- 
son, instructors, planned and conducted the 

Three organizations for women and mi- 
norities assisted in identifying individuals 
interested in entering the training program. 
They were: Chinese for Affirmative Action, 
represented by Donna Jung and Linda 
Jofuku; Women in Apprenticeship Pro- 
grams, Inc., represented by Richie Gore, 
Anne Marie (Tala) Suafai, and Susie Suafai; 
and Advocates for Women, represented by 
Pamela Drake. 

The day's events required each participant 
to construct a 2' x 3' wood framed mock- 

up, covered with furring channel, gypsum 
wallboard, and trim metals. A similar mock- 
up was constructed with metal studs covered 
with metal lath and trim bead. Each partic- 
ipant also installed -Vs" x 4' x 8' wallboard 
on metal studs, installed paperback stucco 
netting on wood studs, and transported 
building materials by hand. There was a 
demonstration on assembling and disman- 
tling of metal scaffolding. Tools and male- 
rials that were provided to participants by 
the drywall/lathing trust were: nail aprons, 
20 oz. framing hammers, drywall hammers, 
lather hatchets, wallboard knives, wallboard 
rigid lifts, lather's snips, end cutters, 25 ft. 
measuring tapes, utility snips, and electric 
screw guns. 

Apprentice Cindy Burns and journeyper- 
son Robbie Anderson conducted the work 
process portion of the workshop. Both Burns 
and Anderson are members of Lather's Lo- 
cal 65L in San Francisco. 

New Journeymen in Princeton, New Jersey 

Local 781. Princeton, NJ.. welcomes nine new journeymen. Above, from left. Bii.siness 
Rep. Henry Jones, V. P. Robert Richardson , Robert McClosky. Mike Riley. Eugene 
Cypress, Thomas Challender. and President James Murphy. At right. Ridgeley Hutchin- 
son, Larry Nassri, Louie Rotolo. Al Imhof, and Francis Murphy. 

Participants work on their projects during 
the northern California Drywalll Lathing 
JATC & TB workshop for minorities and 

Fall River Grads 

The most recent graduating class of the 
Apprenticeship and Training program of 
Local LW5. Fall River. Mass., received its 
certificates of completion late last year. 
They are. front row, from left: Dave 
Mello, Dave Forgelle, and Frederick La- 
herge. Back row. from left: Nanci Lown. 
Jeff Brewer, and Annie Chamberlain. 

Minnesota State Contest 

The 1984 Minnesota State Carpenters Contest was held on De- 
cember 15th at the Twin City Carpenters Joint Apprenticeship 
Committee Training Center in Roseville. Minn. 

The contestants included, front row, from left: Debbie 
Cooper. Local 87, St. Paid; Geoffrey Clausen. Local 957. Still- 
water; Mike Facer. Local 1644. Minneapolis; Robert Hanten. 
Local 87, St. Paul; and Mike Bruski. Local 87. St. Paul. Back 
row, fi-om left; Dan Meier, Local 87, St. Paul; Greg Swanson. 
Local 889. Hopkins; Kurt Knoepke. Local 1382. Rochester; 
Alan Budenski, Local 7. Minneapolis; and Kcilh Olafson. Local 
361. Diduth. 

First-place award of $300 went to Greg Swanson; secoiul- 
place award of $200 went to Keith Olafson; third-place award of 
$100 went to Mike Bruski. 

- n 

^rs^ f^n § 

MARCH, 1985 






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* Tough Driving Face, 
Precision Ground After 
Heat Treating 

* Comfortable Axe Handle 

* Guaranteed Replacement if 
Head Ever Fails in Normal 

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* Ask For it at Your Local 
Dealer, or Contact: 



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Dealer Inquiries Invited 


U.S. Job Corps Program Funding 
Is Threatened By Budget Cuts 

The U.S. Job Corps program, which has 
been a very effective program for providing 
training and employment for disadvantaged 
men and women, has been targeted by the 
Reagan Administration for abolishment. 

The United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
has contracted for Job Corps pre-appren- 
ticeship training with the U.S. Department 
of Labor since 1967. and during that period 
tens of thousands of young men and women 
have been provided with training that has 
allowed them to enter the mainstream of 
employment. In all of Job Corps training, 
approximately 70,000 yoting men and women 
aged 16-22 graduate each year, prepared for 
employment they would otherwise have little 
chance of enjoying. Furthermore, over the 

years, these people who might otherwise 
have been on welfare have become taxpayers 
and their contribution through taxes has paid 
for their original training many times over. 

The United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
will work with other international unions, 
namely the Operating Engineers. Painters, 
Plasterers. Bricklayers. Auto Workers, Rail- 
way and Airline Clerks, and the National 
Maritime Union to salvage the Job Corps 
operation and continue to offer good training 
through that program. 

The Federal Budget is being considered 
by Congress, and members are urged to 
write the Congressman from their home 
district, urging him or her to resist the cutting 
of Job Corps from the national priority. 


$4 Million Training Center 
Dedicated in Massachusetts 

Massachusetts apprentices and journey- 
men have a brand new $4 million training 
center in Millbury, Mass. The Robert D. 
Marshall Carpenters Training Center was 
dedicated late last year with General Presi- 
dent Patrick J. Campbell and other dignitar- 
ies present to tour the complex. 

Designed by Worcester, Mass. , architects, 
Richard Lamourex and Associates, the Cen- 
ter includes classroom space, dining facili- 
ties, male and female dormitories, and a 
gym. Those involved with its planning com- 
mended union and management for their 
cooperation throughout the project. 

The Center is named for Robert D. Mar- 
shall, business representative of Local 33, 
Boston, of which he has been an active 
member for over 20 years. Marshall is also 
a trustee and treasurer of the Massachusetts 
Carpenters Training Program. He is respon- 
sible for negotiating the agreement with the 
Massachusetts Contractors Association that 
funded this modem facility. 

Early in December. Massachusetts Gov- 
ernor Michael Dukakis signed a proclama- 
tion naming December 13, 1984, as Robert 
D. Marshall Carpenters Training Center Day. 
With the governor when he signed the pro- 
clamation were Robert D. Marshall, Michael 
J. Molinari, Andris J. Silins, Andrew Sarno, 
and Barney Walsh. 

Massachusetts Labor Secretary Paul Eus- 
tace represented the Commonwealth at the 
dedication ceremonies. 

Al lop: UBC Leaders Barney Walsh, Rob- 
en D. Marshall, Patrick J. Campbell, and 
Arthur Osborne with Massachusetts Secre- 
tary of Labor Paul V. Eustace at opening 
ceremonies. Lower picture: Governor Du- 
kakis proclaims Robert D. Marshall Car- 
penters Training Center Day. 



uiE [onGRmumTE 

. . . those members of our Brotherhood who, in recent weeks, have been named 
or elected to public offices, have won awards, or who have, in other ways "stood 
out from the crowd." This month, our editorial hat is off to the following: 




The work crew which huilt the ramp for the disabled child, assemble after the work 
was done. Seated on the ramp are Joe Palma and Len Ricasoli. with Jim Capizzi. 
kneeling to the right. Along the rail — left to right, are Joe Sabiak, Tom Canto, business 
agent, Leo Nibbia, Joe O'Donnell. Mario Caruso, and Riiss Vaccaro. In the back row, 
left to right, are Joe Palasky, Brian Cook. Chris Wilshaw. Bob Downs. Jerry Ford, and 
Dominic D'Agosta. 


Reprinted from the Human Services Reporter, 
New Jersey Dept. of Human Services. 

A New Jersey Division of Youth and 
Family Services caseworker and 16 union 
carpenters combined efforts recently to give 
a handicapped youngster a special holiday 
gift — a ramp for his wheelchair. David (not 
the child's real name) suffers from a multi- 
tude of handicaps including cerebral palsy 
and is confined to a wheelchair. 

David, who is five, has been living with a 
foster mother since he was six months old. 
The foster mother, a widow who lives in 
Lawrence Township, has been caring for 
foster children for 16 years. Besides David, 
she now also has four other foster children. 

According to the foster mother, David's 
caseworker, Dolores Held, of the DYFS 
Mercer County District Office was respon- 
sible for getting the wheelchair ramp project 

"One day, Dolores and I were talking, 
and I mentioned that 1 had trouble getting 
my son's wheelchair up and down the steps 
outside my front door," she explained. She 
said that Held then suggested a ramp that 
would extend from the front steps to the 

Held contacted Joy Brummel of the Del- 
aware Valley United Way who in turn di- 
rected her to Sue Wynkoop of Easter Seals 
and Tom Canto, business manager of the 

Carpenter Local 31 to get help for the ramp 
construction. Canto and Wynkoop both 
agreed to help with the project. 

They ran into a problem however, getting 
money to buy the materials. Wynkoop said 
her monthly Easter Seals budget could not 
cover the entire cost of the materials (initially 
estimated at $390.00) because of other proj- 
ects that the organization was handling at 
the time. "We did agree, though, lo con- 
tribute half of the money if another source 
of funding could be found," said Wynkoop. 

Canto contacted Ernest Ferri, president 
of Yardwille Supply Company in Hamilton 
Township. Ferri agreed to split the cost of 
the materials with Easter Seals. Yardville 
Supply Company also lowered the total cost 
to $260.00 and furnished the lumber and 
other supplies needed for building the ramp. 

The volunteer labor was provided by 16 
members of Local 3 1 . Along with Canto, the 
other carpenters included Jerry Ford, Joe 
Palma. Joe Palaskey, Mario Caruso. Leo 
Nebbia, Jim Cappizzi, Joe O'Donnell, Chris 
Wilshaw, Brian Cook, Joseph Labiak. John 
Marzak, Lenny Ricasoli. Bob Downs. Dom- 
inic Dagosta. and Russ Vaccara. 

Thomas Blatner. director of the DYFS 
management team, was gratified by the joint 
efforts. "This is an excellent example of 
teamwork and cooperation between orga- 
nizations and people who are sincerely in- 
volved in providing human services to those 
with special needs." 

"We all did this for the good of the child 
and the good of the county," said Canto. 

Ken Berghiiis. business manager of the 
South Florida District Council, was re- 
cently honored with the Congressional 
Award for Community Service. At the 
award presentation from left were: Metro- 
politan Dade County commissioner Bar- 
bara Carrey, Berghuis, and Congressman 
Claude Pepper, who chose Berghuis as the 


H.B. "Scoop " 
Slack, president of 
Local 31, Trenton, 
N.J., has recently 
been elected presi- 
dent of the Borden- 
town Township 
Democratic Club. 
Slack is also a Bur- 
lington County 
Committeeman and SLACK 
a representative to the Burlington County 
Executive Board of the Democratic Party. 
He has lobbied for "people's rights" at the 
New Jersey State House for over 15 years, 
though he is still active in the trade. 


Sandra Marilyn of Cabmetmakers Local 
42. San Francisco. Calif., is now the editor 
of Tradeswoman Magazine. After three years 
as the only female in her local, she should 
be very well qualified to deal with the issues 
women in the trades face. 


On a recent fishing trip. Donald Slay of 
Local 78 f Princeton. N.J.. caught a 26'h 
lb. Chinook salmon in the Salmon River 
area, Pulaski, N. Y. 

MARCH, 1985 


Who Says Unions Are 
Going Out of Style? 

Doctors at D.C. General Hospital, the 
only public hospital in Washington, D.C, 
voted recently in favor of forming a union. 

A spokeswoman for the hospital, which 
opposes the unionizing effort, said that 163 
ballots were sent to doctors and that 83 were 
returned. A lawyer for the doctors said the 
vote was 76 to 7 in favor of forming a union. 

The hospital has filed suit in the District 
of Columbia Superior Court, claiming that 
the doctors are precluded from collective 
bargaining because they are considered part 
of management. That case is still pending, 
and if the hospital wins it would make the 
doctors" vote academic. 

If the court rules that the doctors can 
unionize, the hospital will ask the court to 
narrow the number of those who are eligible 
to do so to about 110, D.C. General Spokes- 
woman Penelope Anderson said. The rest 
are considered supervisory personnel, she 

A.L. Zwerdhng, an attorney for the doc- 
tors, called on the hospital to stop litigation 
and start negotiating a contract with the 
doctors" group, called the Doctors' Council 
of D.C. General. 

The doctors are dissatisfied with their 
salaries at the hospital, which are capped at 
$63,700, the same limit as for other District 
employees. Starting physicians" salaries are 
$47,749, Anderson said. 

City officials have been trying to grapple 
with the issue of salaries for doctors em- 
ployed by the city, not only at D.C. General 
but also in the D.C. medical examiners office 
and at city clinics. Since private doctors 
normally can make more than the city salary 
hmit, officials want to find ways to attract 
qualified doctors to public service. 

But the hospital, which serves the city's 
indigents, also has had budget problems for 
years. The city's subsidy of the hospital this 
fiscal year was set at $44 million. 

If the union effort succeeds, D.C. General 
would become one of the few public hospitals 
in the country where full-time staff doctors 
are unionized, according to the D.C. labor 
relations office. 

R-Way Furniture 
Boycott Ended 

Carl Scarbrough, president of the United 
Furniture Workers of America, has notified 
the AFL-CIO Union Label and Service Trades 
Department of the termination of the boycott 
against the R-Way Furniture Company. 

President Scarbrough advised that a new 
three-year contract was signed on December 
10, 1984. Although the contract does not 
provide everything the union wanted, there 
are substantial gains in benefits including a 
union shop agreement . . . and not one 
striker lost his/her job. 

President Scarbrough expressed his ap- 
preciation to the AFL-CIO and the entire 
labor movement for the support and unity 
which brought about the settlement. 

New Zealand Visitor 

Garry Preston, an organizer for the New 
Zealand Carpenters and Related Trades 
Union, was a recent U.S. visitor. He par- 
ticipated in the New York Marathon, last 
fall, and then toured the nation, visiting 
UBC headquarters and other labor offices. 
At the top. Construction Organizer Tom 
Homan, right, compares his work prac- 
tices with those of the visitor. Below. Ted 
Kramer explains the PETS program in the 
UBC Apprenticeship and Training Depart- 

Stamp Collectors: 
First Day Covers 

The Samuel Gompers Stamp Club, based 
in Springfield, Va., and named after the 
founder of the American Federation of La- 
bor, informs union-member stamp collectors 
that it has on hand nine "first day covers'" 
(meaning commemorative stamps on envel- 
opes cancelled on the first day of issue of 
the stamp) and seven "convention cancels" 
which will be of interest. 

The first day covers are for the following: 
Alcoholism, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Ag- 
ing Together, Barrymore, Metropohtan Op- 
era, Harry Truman, Douglas Fairbanks, 
McGruff, and Hispanic Americans. Each 
first day cover has a card inside explaining 
the subjects importance to labor. 

The labor stamp club's "runaway best 
seller" among the convention cancels (can- 
cellations from special convention postal 
sub-stations) was the one for the United 
Brotherhood's 1981 Centennial Convention 
in Chicago. They're sold out. But the club 
does have the following convention cancels 
for sale: AFL-CIO Centennial Convention, 
Bakery, Confectionary & Tobacco Workers, 
Fire Fighters (1982 and 1984), Musicians, 
Stage Employees, Machinists, and the Union 
Industries Shows (1982, 1983, 1984). 

For more information and an order form 
and price hst write: Samuel Gompers Stamp 
Club, P.O. Box 1233, Springfield, Va. 22151. 


hard work 

Take the Vaughan Rig Builder's Hatciiet, for example. 

A useful tool for rougfi construction 
and framing, this hatchet has an 
extra-large, crowned milled face 
and a blade with a SVa" cut. Its 28 oz. 
head and IZVa" handle put power 
into every blow. Full polished head 

and select hickory handle make it 
look as good as it feels to use. 

We make more than a hundred 
different kinds and styles of strik- 
ing tools, each crafted to make 
hard work easier. 

Make safety a habit. 
Always wear safety 
goggles when using 
sinking tools. 


Mjh.. .^ . . goggles When using VAUGHAN & BUSHNELL MFG. CO. 

\S^ ^ "^ ''''^'''^ '^^P'® ^'^^■' 'Hebron, IL 60034 

For people who take pride in their work . . . tools to be proud of 






AVE. NW, WASH., D.C. 20001 




A lady v\/as about to take a bath 
when the doorbell rang. She had 
no clothes on, but she went to the 
door and asked, "Who is it?" 

"Blindman," replied the voice be- 
yond the door. 

The lady said to herself, "He can't 
see nne," and she opened the door. 
"Can I help you?" 

A very startled man stuttered, 
"Lady, where would you like for me 
to hang these blinds?" 

— HelgaSiebert 
Hughes Aircraft, 
Fullerton, Calif. 



Determined to get her newly re- 
tired husband some handsome lei- 
sure clothes, a wife went to the 
men's department and approached 
the salegirl. 

"I'm looking for something youth- 
ful — something wild in a pair of 
men's slacks." 

"Oh," signed the salegirl, "Aren't 
we all?" 

— B. F. Barrow, 

Local 14, from Gft/r 


An elderly man, quite an expert 
golfer, wanted to play golf one day. 
Upon entering the club, he checked 
in at the caddy stand and re- 
quested a caddy with sharp eye- 
sight, explaining that while his golf 
game was quite good, his eyesight 
was not, and he needed someone 
to watch the ball. 

Out at the tee, the golfer was 
joined by a man older than himself. 
The golfer looked at the man and 
said, "I asked for a caddy with 
sharp eyes to watch the balls for 

"Oh, I can see," the elderly, 
stooped caddy replied. "If your drive 
soars like a bird, I'll be able to see 
it. No problem with that." 

So the golfer teed off with an 
excellent drive. The caddy and the 
golfer took off to find the ball. After 
several minutes of looking, the caddy 
still had not come up with the lo- 
cation of the ball. 

The golfer turned to the caddy in 
frustration. "I thought you said you 
had sharp eyes." 

"Oh, I do," the caddy replied. "I 
saw where the ball went." 

"Then why can't you find it?" the 
now irate golfer asked. 

Said the caddy, "I forgot." 



Prisoner: "The judge sent me here 
for the rest of my life." 

Guard: "You got any com- 

Prisoner: "Do you call breaking 
rocks with this hammer 'rest'?" 


They buried a salesman named 

He had married on one of his 

A widow named Block 
Then died of the shock 
When he found there were five 

little chips. 

— Jim Weber 


Two preachers died and went to 
heaven. St. Peter told them their 
rooms were being remodeled and 
he didn't have a place to put them 
for two weeks. 

St. Peter said, "I know! I'll send 
you back to earth as something 

The first preacher said, "I have 
been so good as a preacher in a 
small town all my life and never got 
to travel. I would like to be a big 
white eagle and fly around looking 
at the world." 

"Granted," said St. Peter 

The second preacher said, "I 
have been good all my life, too, 
and never got to do anything. I want 
to go back as a STUD." 

St. Peter granted his request. 

Two weeks later, St. Peter gath- 
ered a band of angels and said, 
"The two preachers' rooms are 
ready. Spread out over the earth 
and bring them back. 

"One won't be hard to find. He 
is a big white eagle, flying around. 
But the other one may be hard to 
find. You will probably find him 
between two pieces of sheetrock 
in somebody's wall." 

— R.E. Moorhead 
Local 1245 
Lovington. NM 



Traveler: Is that my bus over 

Ticket agent: Yes. It goes to Cal- 
ifornia in 10 minutes. 

Traveler: My, it goes fast! 

— Soys' Life 



Alexander Hamilton started the US 
Treasury with nothing. That was the 
closest the country has ever been 
to breaking even. 

—Milton Segal 
in Legion Magazine 

IVIARCH, 1985 



A periodic report on the activities 
of UBC Retiree Clubs and the com- 
ings and goings of individual retirees. 

Visalia Club 
has busy agenda 

Retirees' Club No. 3 of Local 1109, Vis- 
alia, Calif., has enjoyed a steady growth in 
membership since its founding in April, 1982. 
Its membership has almost tripled, and the 
members now count Former General Treas- 
urer Charles Nichols and his wife Ruth 
among their own. 

In a recent letter to the General Office, 
Recording Secretary La Rue Jacobs re- 
capped many of the clubs activities. The 
women members volunteer at a local blood 
bank, the men schedule fishing trips, and all 
take part in barbecues and potluck suppers. 
Among their committees is one that sponsors 
speakers from the Social Security Admin- 
istration, and another that has formed a 
bowhng league. 

As Secretary Jacobs puts it, "If your 
retired group has not yet seen the necessity 
of forming a club, you are missing out on 
lots of fun and helping your community in 
many useful ways. Hurry and become one 
of us!!" 

Two More Clubs 
Receive Charters 

Since our last report, two more UBC 
Retiree Clubs have been formed and have 
now received charters. Club No. 44 was 
established by retirees of Local 2028, Grand 
Forks, N.D. Last month. Club No. 45 re- 
ceived a charter in LaPorte, Ind.; its mem- 
bers are mostly retired members of Local 

Hampton Retirees 
Welcome Parker 

On December 19, 1984, the officers and 
members of Carpenters Local 3130, Hamp- 
ton, S.C., representing Westinghouse em- 
ployees, honored their retired members with 
their 16th annual retirees Christmas party. 
There are 163 retired UBC members from 
the Westinghouse plant. The local began this 
event back in 1969 and at that time had 
about 63 retirees. 

James A. Parker, retired Director of Or- 
ganization for the UBC, and a member of 
Local 3130, was a special guest. Parker was 
instrumental in the organizing of the West- 
inghouse plant in the late 1940s. 

Rookford Retirees Enjoy Holiday 

Retirees Club No. 33, Rockford. III., assembled for a Christmas dinner at the local labor 
temple in December. Cloy d Bennett, president of the club, center, back row, reports that 
the club meets every third Thursday of the month at 9:30 a.m. at the Carpenters Local 
792 union hall. 

What to Do after You Retire 

EARL TERMAN, a retired member of Local 704, Jackson, 
Mich., now residing at nearby Spring Arbor, has led an unusually 
active life — more than 40 years as a member of the UBC, working 
at the trade, and almost 10 years of volunteer service with his 
church in overseas mission work. 

He sent us the article below with the hope that it will indicate 
to other retirees some of the service work they can do when they 
retire from the trade. 

I was asked by a brother carpenter 
about to retire from Local 704, "How 
do you spend your time? What do you 
do?" A good question. 

In writing this, maybe I can give him 
and others some ideas of motivation to 
a fuller life. Even before I retired, I 
was a volunteer. 

At the age of 65 I volunteered to go 
to Haiti to build a church. Impressed 
with the needs of the people, I became 
hooked on the V.I.S.A. program, "Vol- 
unteer In Service Abroad, a Free Meth- 
odist Church activity." 

The mission board of the Free Meth- 
odist Church asked me to go to Brundi, 
Central Africa, to build a hospital. Ask- 
ing my employer, Pat Cunningham of 
the Cunningham Construction Co., if I 
could have a six-month leave. I traveled 
to Central Africa and worked there for 
six years. I spent two years in Brundi 
on the hospital, teaching 240 nationals 
how to make brick, to lay out buildings, 
dig footers, lay a stone foundation, lay 
bricks, to become carpenters and cab- 
inet makers. 

Then I spent the next two six-month 
terms in Zaire and Rwanda building 
houses. My last trip was to Kigali, 
Rwanda, at the age of 72. To round off 
my V.I.S.A. program I took two addi- 
tional trips to Haiti at the age of 73 and 

I do not expect retirees to do things 

so drastic as this. For, as a V.I.S.A. 
worker, you must raise your own ex- 
pense money to cover travel, board and 
room. etc. You also must give up va- 
cations, travel trailers, new cars, and 
whatever. Be not dismayed, the re- 
ward to your well being is well worth 
whatever you give up. 

To you retirees who do not wish to 
do things so drastic, I have a program 
that keeps me active five days a week. 
And there is a great need for volunteers. 
I stop at two stores and two bakeries 
each morning and get their day-old rolls, 
breads, etc., which average about 300 
loaves of bread a week and countless 
rolls that I take to senior citizen centers 
and shelters for the homeless. I also 
drive 23 miles each day delivering hot 
meals to shut-ins. I visit rest homes and 
hospitals in the afternoon. 

I do not wish to boast at the age of 
76. I do not need to do that. My interest 
is only to get you going. Jesus said 
"When you do these things to the least 
of these, my brothers, you have done 
it unto Me." Your reward, if you need 
one. is when you come to the end of 
your life's journey to hear Christ say, 
"Well done, you good and faithful serv- 
ant, enter in to your rest." 

So get going; there are hospitals, rest 
homes, babysitting for working moth- 
ers, etc. The need is endless. HAPPY 






A gallery of pictures showing some of the senior members of the Broth- 
erhood who recently received pins for years of service in the union. 


Local 2283 recently held their annual dinner 
dance where they awarded senior members 
with service pins. 

Picture No. 1 shows 50-year member .John 

Picture No. 2 shows 45-year member and 
past financial secretary Ervin Hammen. 

Picture No. 3 shows 40-year member 
Reginald Cottrell. 

Picture No. 4 shows 35-year members 
Harold Fischer, past recording secretary, and 
Leroy Sherer. 

Picture No. 5 shows, from left: 25-year 
member Herbert Effenheim, 30-year member 
Raymond Boden, 25-year members Vernon 
Liesenberg, Arthur Luther, Robert Stib, Ralph 
Beine, Kenneth UnertI, and 30-year members 
Marvin Acterberg, and Raymond F. Krebs. 

Also receiving pins but not pictured were: 
40-year members Helen Powers, and Moyme 
Walsh: 35-year members Arnold Bechler, and 
Thomas Weinert: 30-year members Spencer 
Guenther, Clarence hess, Gotlieb Mayer, F. 
Jerry Wanty, Theodore Hennes, Robert Roloff, 
and Henry Zachow: 25-year members Clarence 
Bachus, Victor Koch, William Nell, Carl Will, 
William Condon, Clarence Guse, Alex 
Kuciauskas, and John Ward. 

Hicksville, NY. 




Local 1772 recently held a dinner-dance to 
honor Joseph Boron, its recently retired 
president, and several other senior members. 
General Secretary John. S. Rogers and First 
District Board Member Joseph Lia were 
participants in the festivities. 

Boron served Local 1772 for 38 years with 
12 years on the "official roll." Also recongnized 
were John Michaels, retired financial secretary, 
with 32 years of service and 17 years in an 
official role; Paul Zadrozny, retired recording 
secretary, with 38 years of service and 14 years 
in an official role. 

The local union, which is 67 years old, also 
recongnized three generations of UBC members 
in Donald Collins. His father and grandfather 

Note to local secretaries: When sub- 
mitting pictures for publication, please 
identify persons in the pictures from 
left to right, front to back. Show titles 
for any officers or guests. 

were members of the union, and 25 year pins 
were presented to Collins for his father and 

Shown in the accompanying picture are some 
of those recognized: 

Seated, from left, John Michaels, retired; and 
Donald Collins, recipient of a 25-year pin. 

Middle row, Joseph Bodner, 35-year pin; 
Joseph Fenton, just retired, 35-year pin; Victor 
Tammono, 25-year pin; Joseph Boron, retired 
president; 1st District General Executive Board 
Member Joseph Lia; and John S. Rogers, 
General Secretary. 

Back row, from left, Ernest Dunekack, 
business representative; Glenn Kerbs, former 
business representative, retired; Paul Zadrozny, 
retired; William Hydek, president; Joseph 
Wisniewski, business representative Local 
1397, North Hampstead, N.Y. 

West Bend, Wis. — above, Picture No. 4 

Below, Left: Picture No. 3, Reginald Cottrell 
Below, Right: Picture No. 5 

MARCH, 1985 

Chicago, III. — Picture No. 1 

Chicago, III.— Picture No. 2 


On November 14, 1984, Local 1 held its 
annual pin party to honor those members with 
25 or more years of service to the Brotherhood 
Those honored included: 

Picture No. 1 shows 25-year members, from 
left; Joe Leyden, V. Mechkarski, Rich Rusnak, 
and John Speidel. 

Picture No. 2 shows 30-year members, front 
row, from left: Erv Tucek, Ed Tyda, John 
Ponczoch, Bill Rose, and Bill Norberg. 

Back row, from left: Joe Duplessis, Eugene 
Husby, John Coughlin, Walter Eppler, and 
Frank Karpen. 

Picture No. 3 shows 35-year members, from 
left: Jim Russell and Norm Ericksen. 

Picture No. 4 shows 45-year members, from 
left: Barrett Sleeman, Sr. and Jay Garnett, 
financial secy/treas. 

Picture No. 5 shows 50-year member Paul 

Picture No. 6 shows 60-year member Joe 

Chicago, III.— Picture No. 3 

Chicago, III. — Picture No. 4 

108- Year-Old Lather and Fellow Retiree 




Local 1396 recently awarded pins to 
members of the Brotherhood with longstanding 

Pictured are, front row, from left: Llewellyn 
H. Halboth, 35 years; John Bolchunos, 35 
years; Richard T. Lile, 35 years; and Allen J. 
Hansen, 35 years. 

Back row, from left: James C. Fields, 25 
years; Robert D. Plummer, 25 years; William 
IVI. Martin Jr., 25 years; Ben E. James, 25 
years; Roger D. Noland, 30 years; and Myron 
J. Olson, 20 years. 

Not available for the photo were 20-year 
members Albert H. Johnson, Ralph C, 
McClanahan Sr., and Melvin F. Wieden; 25-year 
members Teddy R. Crider, and Sotero F. Ruiz; 
35-year members Stephen C. Cross and Victor 
W. Graeff; and 45-year member Thomas V. 

The UBC member 
seated at left is 
William M. Little, 
who, according to 
official records, was 
born on November 4, 
1876, making him the 
healthy age of 108. 
He's a member of 
Local 224-L of 
Houston, Tex. He is 
shown with Leon 
Raines, a member of 
Local 224-L since 
1942 and recently 
retired at age 63. 





Local 1598 recently held its annual awards 
ceremony. Service pins were awarded to 
members who had completed 25, 30, 35 and 
40 years of service. 

Pictured here are, front row, from left: Heinz 
Linge, 30 yrs.; Gus Zill<ie, 35 yrs.; Business 
Agent Rick Ferrill, 35 yrs.; Larry Ell, 35 yrs.; 
Keith Dinsdale, 30 yrs.; and Ed Gschiel, 30 yrs. 
Back row, from left: Gordon Manning, 30 yrs.; 
Archie Campbell, 25 yrs.; Win Albrect, 25 yrs.; 
Guy Pickard, 35 yrs.; George McDonald, 25 
yrs.; Jack Lindley, 35 yrs.; Al Wilson, 25 yrs.; 
Glen Eby, 35 yrs.; and James Donnelly, 30 yrs. 

Also receiving pins but not pictured were; 

40-year member Harry Aikins; 35-year 
members Don Hoadley, Martin Smith, Archie 
Watt, Vince Brown and Bob Barker; 30-year 
members Bert Marcussen, Joe Bull, Roy 
Wakefield, Armin Doering, and Kaare Froyland; 
and 25-year members Les Crocker, Andrew 
Karcolak, and Rod Wilson. 


Pictures were taken at the annual pin 
presentation of Local 1498. 

The members in the picture and the years 
service are; Angus Mortensen, 40 years; David 
T. Chidester, 35 years; E. Lynn Helbing, 35 
years; Glen Johnson, 25 years; Harold S. 
Lassen, 35 years; Charles Clark, 30 years; and 
T. Clair Mortensen, 30 years. 

Small picture is of W. Bruce Haws, who, 
seated on a love-seat he made, was presented 
his 50-year pin in the home of his grandson. 


Picture No. 1 shows Paul Miller, secretary- 
treasurer of the Los Angeles District Council 
congratulating Local 710 member John George 
Moore on his 71 continuous years of service. 

Picture No. 2 shows members with 25 to 45 
years of service, from left; Charles Fuqua, Rudy 
Ramirez, C. B. Scott, Jr, Burky Burkhamer, 
Harvey Keacher, Eric Seel, Bernard Smith, 
Johnnie Rushing, Henry Johnson, Thomas 
Messett, John O'Malley, A. M. Henson, R. T. 
Mullenneix, Keith Stoddard, John Westerlund, 
A. F. Mosher, John Rammer, Harold Thrasher 
and E. 0. White. 

Long Beacti, Calf. — Picture No. 2 

Victoria, BC. 

Provo, Utah — Picture No. 1 

Long Beach, Calif. — Picture No. 1 

Provo, Utah — Picture No. 2 

MARCH, 1985 


Carpenters Local 1815 recently honored its 
senior members for ttieir dedication to the 
union movement by having a service pins 
avi/ard dinner. 

Picture No. 1 show/s 25-year members, front 
row, from left: Dick Koopman, Clarence W. 
Shepherd, John B. Smith, Cecil R. Shull, Dan 
Spilker, Marshall Jennings. Ted Rytel, Dick 
Moore, Eugene Sommerhalder, and Edmund E. 

Back row, from left: Donal A. Sheets, Russ 
Crispen, Alfred Warzyca, Warren Potter, Aaron 
J. Maldonado, Earl B. Watt, Jim Hennington, 
Merton L. Lover, and Heinz Pikarkek. 

Picture No. 2 shows 30-year members, front 
row, from left: Fernando Raya, Armando B. 
Valdez, Karl Noby, Grover L. Beasley, Ronald 
Ridgway, Alfred D. Goochey, Claude Z. Watt, 
George Stone, Armando Aguirre, Frank 
Sherman, Vernon G. Kelly, Lloyd Dixon, and 
Floyd Dixon. 

Middle row, from left: A. R. Teter, Herman 
Martinez, Don A. Buzzo, Everett Vasquez, A. 
M. Badillo, William W. Palmer, Stephen 

Artinger, Stanley Seleb, Walter Wallock, Alvin 
L. Keith, Ernest Lechner, Franklin Metcalf, 
Alfred Herbst, Case Vermeulen, I. D. Dansby, 
Chester Wood, and Mervyn 0. Murray. 

Back row, from left: Joseph L. Wright, 
Walter Tyson, John Fields, Billy D. Aidridge, 
Orley Pastorius, Raul Poblano, Alton A. 
Upmeyer, Joe Gomez, Andrew C. Vasquez, 
John C. Patterson, Dannie J. Dansby, Andrew 
Hohn, Louis B. Skaggs, John Ferrero, Thomas 
E. Kuykendall, Lew Williams, Kenneth J. 
Morrison, Robert Blohm, and Leo Kanter. 

Picture No. 3 shows 30-year member Arthur 
McGurk, 40 year-members Paul C. Dunn, and 
Edgar Kump, and 35-year member Ewell S. 

Picture No. 4 shows 35-year members, front 
row, from left: Victor Laurendeau, Clarence 
Johnson, Frank E. Denison, Jr., David 
Melendez, Sr., Stanley Trevethan, Vernon V. 
Black, Paul H. Massicotte, Arthur W. Vollrath, 
Benjamin W. Hockersmith. 

Middle row, from left: Stanley R. Jiles, Elza 
R. Ford, Danny G. Ancheta, Gardner P, Howe, 
John Anderson, Erik Soderstrom, Claude P. 
Sarratt, Manuel R. Cruz, Leon W. Pugh, 

Garland Hink, Emery L. McNaughton, Jose R. 
Parra, Leroy C. Matthews, John T. Beatty, Jr., 
James D. Leggat, and Glan A. Kirk. 

Back row, from left: Sivert Thompson, 
Joseph Jordan, Ian T. Patterson, Carl A. 
Hallgren, Floyd Raney, James R. Rahm, Miguel 
Huerta, Adolph Tabako, Gilbert Morales, 
Stephen S. Lara, Simon Waleri, Arthur R. 
Pilarski, William A. Couch, Samuel Janes, 
Henry Novak, William Biggerstaff, E. W. 
Johnson, J. W. Nelson, Robert Beck, Opal 
Carr, W. H. Anderson, and Violes 0. Chapman. 

Picture No. 5 shows front row, from left: 25- 
year members Harold L. Utsler, Walter Reed, 
Charles Coghill, Morris Andre, Harrison King, 
Wesley Gough, Carl O'Hagen, George Martin, 
and Ernest Blake. 

Back row, from left: 40-year members 
Roland C. Jensen, Harry e. Seguine, Joseph 
Balla, Jr., Frank Wagoner, Ray R. Gartner, Nels 
V. Johnson, Doyle Flohra, William X. Vaughn, 
G. Hugh Squire. 

Picture No. 6 shows 45-year members, from 
left: Fred Rosenbaum and Paul Anderson; 
standing, Charles E. Kaeser and Frank Denison, 

Picture No. 1 , 

above left. 
Picture No. 3, 
above rigfit. 

Picture No. 2 

Picture No. 4 

Picture No. 5, 
far left. 
Picture No. 6, 



The following list of 782 deceased members and spouses represents 
a total of $1,364,265.78 death claims paid in December, 1984; (s) 
following name in listing indicates spouse of members 

Local Union. City 

1 Chicago, Il^Charles Zieger. Doris M. Prill (s). 

2 Cincinnati, OH— Mahlon R. Cahill. William Klos- 

4 Davenport, lA — Irene Singleton (s). 

7 Minneapolis MN — Donald H. Weslmark, Donald 
Lennox. Enoch J Larson. Herbert Lennox. Theresa 
H Weiler (s), Willard R. McNaughtan. 

8 Philadelphia, PA — Glenn Flanagan. Harry H, Port- 

10 Chicago, IL — Clifton G. Anderson, Elmer W Con- 

11 Cleveland, OH — John Ferencz 

12 Syracuse, NY — George Ryan, 

13 Chicago, IL— Henry Millenbein. Hjalmar Engstrom, 
Patnck J. Dowling. Robert M Schiller. William 

14 San Antonio, TX— Henry V Satcher, Jr. . J , I. Belitz, 
William E. Mallory. 

16 Springfield. IL — Anton Mehreider, GrvLlle E- Kitchen, 
Rose Melton (s), Vaimore K Bennett. 

17 Bronx, NY — Ansel Tcstamark, Antoinette Perazzo 
(s), Hilding Olsson. Pellegnno M, Giardullo. Sam 

19 Detroit, MI— Francis H. Diehl, Marion A. Rousse 
(s). Theophi! Olejaszewski, 

20 New York. NY— Ame Olsen. 

22 San Francisco, CA — Adron B. Storment, Dewey 
Jones, James C. Fogelslrom. 

24 Central, CT—Alice A. Newton (s). Arthur Holl- 
mann, Frederick Odell, Malhieu Lebel, Nicholas 
Renda. Oscar A. Roulh. 

25 Los Angeles, CA — Emily Dobrovics (s), Gladys Alma 
Wnght (s). 

26 East Detroit, MI — Armando Casali, Edwin Chrzan. 
John Chmurzynski. William Gilfillan. Jr 

27 Toronto, Ont., CAN— Albert Sweetland. Elizabeth 
McDonald (s), Janis Baruss 

28 Missoula, MT — Alvin L, Thurman. 

33 Boston, MA— Robert J. Russell. 

34 Oakland, CA— Hiram B, Whitmire. 

35 San Rafael, CA — Jane S. Grecian (s). Myron E, 

36 Oakland, CA— Arthur B. Coble, Axel Ingels, George 
R. Jones, Irene B. Dunton (s). William Kenneth 
Landreth, William Wirkkala. 

42 San Francisco, CA — Ernesto Castillo. John P. Mer- 
tens. Joseph Baumann. 

43 Hartford, CT— John E Zak. 

44 Champaign LIrba, IL — Henry A. Lawson 

47 St. Louis, MO— Hetlie Louise Uhl (s). Joe William 

54 Chicago, IL — Garfield Grabowy, Michael Ulreich 

55 Denver, CO — Bobby Eugene Stiles, Herbert Hink- 
ley. Juanita M. Marcheso (s), Wilden H Munn 

56 Boston, MA — Charles Broussard 

58 Chicago, IL — Conrad Berge, John Waldmg. Tom 

60 Indianapolis, IN — Leland B. JefTerson, Russell 

61 Kansas City, MO — Chester V. Leander, James R. 

62 Chicago, II^Alex W. Bart. 

64 Louisville, KY — Francis Paul Kennedy, William F. 

65 Perth Amboy. NJ— Petrina Beuder (s). 

66 Olean, NY — Carl B. Martinson, Leroy McKendrick. 
71 Fort Smith, AR— Bonnie Goodwin (s). Smith M. 


73 St. Louis, MO — Mabel S. Sangumett (s). 

74 Chattanooga, TN — James L. Powers, James Leslie 

76 Hazelton, PA— Clair Kopp, Emma White (s). 

80 Chicago, IL — Arthur L. Fennell. Giiman M. Lee, 

James C. Galvin. 
83 Halifax, N.S., CAN— Roy Louis Comeau 
87 St. Paul, MN — Clarence Hoyle. Edward J. Vanzen- 

deren, Gustaf Ragnar Erickson, Robert F. Lescar- 

90 Evansville, IN — Thomas J England, 

93 Ottawa. Ont.. CAN— Joseph Grant Murphy. 

94 Providence. RI — Annie Belle Darlmg (si. Anthony 
J, Oliviera. 

95 Detroit, MI— John Duft. Joseph Vertin, Shirley J. 
Foster (s). 

100 Muskegon. Ml — Austin Cramer. 

101 Baltimore, MD — Alfred Squires. Gallie F- Pressley. 
Irene M. Demczak (s), James M, Definbaugh. James 
Pierce, Roy B- Sherbert, Ryland Davis. Woodrow 
W. Arnold, 

102 Oakland, CA — Ivan Kromann. James W. Potestio. 
Sr,, Roy Southern. 

105 Cleveland. OH— Lillian J. Scott (s). 

106 Des Moines. lA— Francis L. Daub, Glen W, Potts. 
Neil Poindexler. 

108 Springfield. MA— Frank P. Warga. 

109 Sheffield, AL— James A. Poss. Raymond W, Hills. 
HI Lawrence. MA — Frank Robichaud- 

112 Butte, MT— Michael V Kelly, 

113 Middletown. OH— Albert C Cooper. 

116 Bay City, Ml— Isadore T, Michaud. 

117 Albanv, NY^John Demercurio 
120 Ltica. NY— Elza E. Gallogly. 

122 Philadelphia, PA— Matthew Stelmach. Victor Pur- 

131 Seattle, WA— Beatrice Doreen Randkleve (s), Eric 

Local Union. City 

G. A. Anderson, George A. Anderson. William H 

132 Washington, DC— Ruth H. Walton (s). 

133 Terre Haute, IN^Orval Quilliam. Verlel Joan Conlo 

141 Chicago, IL.— Mary Olund (s). 

142 Pittsburgh. PA— Merle Boyer. Walter Perdue 

144 Macon GA— Horace Franklin Coleman, Irvm A 


146 Schenectady. NY— William J, Mereness. 

149 Tarrytown, NY — Fred Morgan. Lucius Pendleton 

155 Plainfield, NJ— Joseph Frenchick 

159 Charleston. SC— John Varga 

161 Kenosha, WI— Fred C Podella. 

162 San Mateo, CA— Ross M. Hartman. 

163 Peekskill, NY— Allan Vihho Hinkkanen. 

166 Rock Island. IL— Charies Wellnitz, Willis D. Thomp- 

Kansas City. KS— Melvin Nutt. 

Youngstown. OH — Aloysious A, Schulz. 

Newport, RI — George W, Hart. 

Vallejo. CA— James F, Hoyle. 

Chicago, 11^— Ead Seaholm, Richard Martinson 

Cleveland, OH— Karoly A. Lehota. Mary H. Role 

(s), William Lampinen. 

Peoria, IL — Charles W, Moore, Henry L, Tuffent- 


Salt Lake City, UT— Arthur Taylor, Fred E. Brad- 
ford, Revere Forsberg, Walter B. Franz. 

St. Louis, MO — Norman L. Picker, 

Yonkers, NY— Peter Diresta, 

Quincy, IL — Jesse G Taylor 

East Bay, CA — Gioele Fagnani, Porter Fawcett, 

Dallas, TX— Hance O. Sherrill- 

Chicago, 11^— Gunnar Lars Kyrk. Joseph Algot Lind- 

Poughkeepsie, NY— Peter Szczypca. 

Stamford. CT — Bartolo Siragusa. Elizabeth F Peck 

(s). George Evans. James Home, Robert Perchaluk. 

William J. Hemenway. 

Pittsburgh, PA— Andrew S. Hack- 
Houston, TX — Delia Jane Turner (s). Larry E Stew- 
art, Mary Anice Taylor (s), Norman B, Walworth. 

Boston, MA — Alexander Davie, Jr, 

Washington, IN — Robert A. Grove, 

Atlanta, GA — Chester Jack Sanders, George Parker 

Deloach, Thomas H, Murray 

Pittsburgh, PA — Kenneth A. Thomas. 

Fort Wayne, IN — Aubrey B, Cavitt, Henry C Ro- 

denbeck, Leonard S Webb, 

Riverside. C A — Anion J. Flammang, Billie J Rogers. 

Sr., Earl Leslie Comstock, 
242 Chicago, IL — Ernst Kempf. Joseph A, Karns, 
244 Grand Junction, CO — Mernl V. Austin. 

New York, NY — Armando Desantis. 

Portland, OR— Edward J Stark. George R. Bryant, 

John Newman. John W Bell. 

Lake Forest, IL — Lillian Tannert(s), Lloyd Lohman, 

Robert W Markwart. 

Oshkosh. WI— Ted J, Ohm. 

Cleveland, OH— Anna I, Nemeth (s). Harold J. 


Bloomingburg, NY — Lucille. E. Conklin (s), Noretta 

Zagorski (s). Ray Lawrence. 

Savannah, GA — Nicholas E. Sanders, Jr, 

New York, NY— Walter Tienken. 

Berkshire County, MA — August J. Schnopp. Charles 

E, Hirtle 

Scranton, PA — Ignatz Preitz, 

Milwaukee, WI— Ralph Noggle. Sr. 
272 Chicago Heights, IL — Amanda Boecker (s). 
275 Newton, MA — Herman J. Gaudette. Leonard R 


Binghamton, NY — Ulysses Rifenbury. 

Great Falls, MT— Waller Matthews. 

Harrisburg, PA — Harold Larsen, Harry B Shuller. 

Raymond F Wise, Roy E Franiz 

Linton. IN — Earleane Pruett (s). 
296 Brooklyn, NY— Anton Brandvik. 
302 Huntington, WV— Gallie Staley. 

Denison, TX — Arnold H. Gohlke. 

Cedar Rapids, lA — Joseph Navratil, 

Joplin, MO — Keith H Curtis, Lewis Howard Lump- 

Madison, WI— Max Kelch. 

San Jose, CA — Charles K. Thomson, Emma F. Ehry 

(s), George V. Dickey, Lawrence Heidrick. Lucy 

Petty (s). Otto B. Manning- 
Aberdeen. WA^Edwin E. Enckson. Melville F, 

Thompson. William Raymond Anable. 
335 Grand Rapids, MI^Nellie Margurita Kolehouse (s) 
337 Detroit, MI — John Ritler. Joseph McEntee. Miriam 

A, Preiss (s). Peter Lockey. 

Pawtucket, RI — Antone Bragaul, 

Waukesha. WI — Clarence W. Raddenbach. 

Memphis, TN — Andrew J, Gordon, Paul D. Turpin. 

Raymond Forsythe. William B. Head, Wilson F. 


New York, NY — Henry Woliers. 

New Rochetle, NY — Joseph Derosa, 

Buffalo. NY— William Schenk. 

Elgin, IL^Lawrencc Bolger. 

Marion, IN— Ice Roy Baskett, 

Buffalo. NY -Norton B, Kellam. 




























Local Union, City 

388 Richmond, VA— Alben V. Covington, *Sr.. Jeffrey 

O Ernst, John W. Morgan. Jr 
393 Camden. NJ— Anna M, Heaton (s). 

404 Lake County. OH— David L. Shumaker. Willis Ed- 
ward Bailey. 

405 Miami, FL— Catalina Mesa (s). 

410 Ft, Madison & Vic, lA—Max K, Woodruff. 

413 South Bend, IN— Agnes Taylor (s). Emmett W. 

EIrud, Robert J. Hills, 

424 Hingham. MA — Joseph L. Comis. 

433 Belleville, II^Marvjn G, Huebner. 

434 Chicago, IL — Flora E, Christian (s). 
437 Portsmouth, OH — Forest L. Thompson. 
440 Buffalo, NY— Clarence Calkins, 

454 Philadelphia, PA— John McGrath. Justin Boston. 
William C. Hummel, 

455 Somerville, NJ — James W. Jerolaman, 
470 Tacoma, WA— Steve C. Hess. 

483 San Francisco, CA — Andrew M. Christensen. Frank 

492 Reading, PA— Lynn Curtis Bowers. Richard G 

493 Mt. Vernon. NY — George Carlson. 
500 Butler, PA— Lower E. Roxbury. 

510 Berthoud, CO — Ina Lee Dyer (s). Venus Janet Pax- 
ton (s). 

512 Ann Arbor, MI — Robert E, Hamson, 

515 Colorado Springs, CO — Carma Mary Kirkbride (s). 
Earl Martchenke. Emory A. Housum. 

526 Galveston, TX — Charies Hansen. 

531 New York, NY— John Catalfamo. Siegfned Stalzer. 
Vermund Gjersvik, 

532 Elmira. NY— Frank Vosburgh. Miles H, Mc- 

556 Meadville, PA — Norman F Demmer, 

557 Bozeman, MT — Charles M Silverthorn. 

562 Everett. WA— Kathryn J, Johnson (s). Myrtle E. 
Nilsen (s). 

563 Glendale, CA — Alton G. Evison. Anthony Flick. 
565 Elkhart. IN— Clifford Steve Tinkey 

586 Sacramento, CA — Anthony G, Rivers. Arthur V. 

Price. Clarence B. Higgins. James M. Jones. 
600 Lehigh Valley, PA — Florence Sarson (s). Thomas 

604 Morgantown, WV — Benjamin I. Cole, 
606 Va Eveleth, MN— Leonard W. Snell. 

608 New York, NY— Daniel Daly. Gabriel Castellanetti 

609 Idaho Falls, ID— Ralph Brown. 

610 Port Arthur, TX— Noreh Labauve. 

611 Portland. OR— Clarence Wilson. 

613 Hampton Roads, VA — Thomas M. Stephenson. 

620 Madison, NJ — Carmine Bruno. Clifford Hochge* 
sang, Oliva Casavant. Patrick Barron 

621 Bangor, ME — Ramayne Archer. 

622 Waco, TX — Frank Massier 

623 Atlantic County, NJ— Jerry Ellifl". Wilmer Elwood 

625 Manchester. NH— Nelson Parkhurst. 

626 Wilmington, DE — Edward Armstrong, Edward J, 
Reusing, Elwood Wilhelm. Jean Reynolds. Jethro 
McCauley. Michael Nicholas Shmel, Richard Wirt, 

634 Salem. IL — Carroll H, Gamer, 

635 Boise, ID— Earl Boriand. Edith M Allred (s). 

636 Mt. Vernon, IL — Maunce H. Sims. 

638 Marion, IL — Louie A. Hale, Mabel M. Houseright 

639 Akron, OH— George H. Luli. Sr, James G. Chilton. 
William D Cnslip, 

642 Richmond, VA — Alvin Vanwinkle, Carl Peterson. 

665 Amarillo. TX— Leshe H Jones. 

668 Palo Alto, CA— William J. Bennett. 

674 Mt. Clemens. MI — August A. Vervaecke, Gertrude 

L Sonnenberg (s). 
698 Convington. KY— Mary Ann Ashcraft. Orville M 

701 Fresno. CA— George R. Chatham. Robert Chester 

Cordes. Violet Collinsworth (s). 

703 Lockland, OH— Came K, Maye (s), 

704 Jackson, MI— Frederick W. Parkhurst. 

705 Lorain. OH— Deari E Young, 

710 Long Beach, CA— Patricia K. Green (s). Robert C. 

At licks 
715 Elizabeth, NJ— Cari Skata. 

720 Baton Rouge, LA— Ronald Roy Duffy. 

721 Los Angeles, CA— Franz Straky. John B, Kugel. 
Jose M, Lapizco. Rose S, Vasquez (s). 

727 Hiaieah, FL— Johnnie P Coleman. 

735 Man.sfield, OH— Raymond Patterson. 

739 Cincinnati. OH— Howard Martin. Oscar Schwallie. 

743 Bakersfield. CA— Leo W. McQuary. Marvin Harvey 

Smoiherman. Raymond A, Garvin. 
745 Honolulu, HI— Chiyono Smith (s). Daniel T. Sonoda, 

Henry Atsuo Okumura. Janice F. Nagai (s). Katsuini 

751 Santa Rosa, CA— Vickie P. Harris (s). 
756 Bellinghara, WA— Louise M. Anderson (s). 
764 Shreveport. LA— Barney Owen Weldon. J. W. 


769 Pasadena. CA — George M . Runnings, Julius J . Schei- 
bler. Max Seller. 

770 Yakima, WA— Derwin Lisk. 

782 Fond Du Lac, WI— Svlvester Guelig. 

783 Sioux Falls, SD~Albert Lindroth. D:!ilon Israclsofi. 
790 Dixon, Il^William D. Feliner. 

792 Rockford, IL— Benjamin F. Pugh. Jr. 

MARCH, 1985 


Local Union, City 

815 Beverly, MA — Richard J. Fischer, 

820 Wisconsin Rapids, WI — Leonard Ashenberg. 

824 Muslvegon. MI — Henry Westerhouse. 

829 Santa Cruz, CA— Howard R. Hughes. 

839 Des Plaines, IL — Robert C. Malenius. 

845 Cliflon Heights, PA— John S. Paddock. 

857 Tucson, AZ — Harold Heider. Linda Arlene Trudeau 


871 Bailie Creek, MI— Lewis W. Smith. 

891 Hot Springs, AR — Lester Milton Tanner. 

899 Parkersburg, WV— William Richard Strothers. 

902 Brooklyn, NY — Giacoma Messina. Henry Thome. 

Nellie Regina Klippberg (s). 
906 Glendale, AZ^Audrey E. Metzke (s). Howard E. 

911 Kalispell, MT— Merle F. Powell. 
916 Aurora, IL — Lenual LaRose. 
925 Salinas, C.A— Joseph Kassing. 
929 Los Angeles, CA— Carl P. Copelin. 

943 Tulsa, OK— Duane W. Gilbert. Evelyn F. Crawford 
(s). Garland King. 

944 San Bernardino, CA — Caroline E. Lyon (s), George 
Bovee. John J. Duke. Paul Mayer. 

945 Jefferson City, MO— Bernard P. Schulte, Risdon 

947 Ridgnay, PA— .Albert E. Brigger. 

953 Lake Charles, LA — Alex J. Addison. Leland Stanley. 

954 Mt. Vernon, WA— Flossie N. Conrad (s). 

955 Appleton. WT— Donald O. Baldwin. 

957 Stillwater, MN— Ralph Wallen. 

958 Marquette, MI— Ruthe Carter (s). 

964 Rockland County, NY— Nelson A. Puff. 

971 Reno, NV — James C. Roberts, Nathaniel 0.\borrow. 

974 Baltimore, MD — Herman Ganzer. 

977 Wichita Falls, TX— Ernest W. Hill, John E. Neigh- 

982 Detroit, MI — Jacob Jacobson. Ovin Fulton, William 
B. McKeel. 

993 Miami, FI^Arthur J. Marsland, Pedro M. Perera, 
William R. Riggins. 

998 Roval Oak, MI— Fred J. Brozowski. 

1005 Merrillville, IN— Fred F. Kania. Ruth C. Hamilton 

1006 New Brunswich, NJ— August H. Menzel, Walter 
Koziatek. Sr.. Walter Pekarsky. 

1016 Muncie, IN — Floyd A. Luellen. Johnny E., Jones. 
1027 Chicago, IL — August Rothenhauser, Carl Gunnar 

Swanson, Erik Blomgren, Gerhard Johannes, John 

Pischak, Mary Ann Tobuch (s). 

1042 Plattsburgh, NY— Kurt Y. Ronnberg. 

1043 Gary, IN— George Malcolm. 

1044 Charleroi, PA— Michael Grimplin. 
1046 Palm Springs, C.\— Donald L. Lantis. 

1050 Philadelphia, PA— Lenwood Waller, Roger Emdin. 
1052 Hollywood, CA— Carl Kupersmith, Karl Plattor Lan- 

1062 Santa Barbara, CA— Earl C. Hiser. 
1065 Salem, OR— Mortimer F. Brown. 
1067 Port Huron, MI — Frederick Roehring, George A. 

Locke. Troy Patlon. 
1074 Eau Claire. WI — Herma Dora Strom (s), Lawrence 

1080 Owensboro, KY— Noble E. Chambers. 
1089 Phoenix, AZ — Howard Miskimen. Ira Noble. 
1094 Albany Corvallis, OR— Barbara Iris Steenkolk (s). 

1097 Longview, TX — James G. Berryman. 

1098 Baton Rouge, LA — Edward Coleman, Thelma 
0"Neal (s). 

1102 Detroit, MI — John Steward, Milton J. Lampros, 

Mose Moore. William F. Barrett. 
1142 Lawrenceburg, IN — Roscoe Lee Miller. 
1149 San Francisco, CA— Die J. Graning, Waldow H. 

1160 Pittsburgh, PA — Gretchen Margaret Kulwicki (si, 

John J. Reis, Wililam G. Wunderley. 

1164 New York, NY' — John Ruhs. Joseph Spina, Reidar 

1165 WUmington, NC— William Murphy Aswell. 
1173 Trinidad, CO— Charles Cupelli. 

1185 Chicago, IL— Bernard W. Rebel. 

1192 Birmmgham, Al,— Albert A. Pate, Alfred J. Mc- 

1207 Charleston, WV— Harold Ginther. 
1216 Mesa, AR— Willie C. Hipsley. 
1235 Modesto, CA— Archie W. Crane. Joe W. Steele. Joy 

Delavau.x (s), Ralph H. Skillings, Samuel Soder- 

1240 Oroville, C.-V- Albert J. Foumier. 
1242 Akron, OH— Gerald Spindler. 
1266 Austin, TX— Francis E. Swensen. Harold C. Wulff. 

1274 Decatur, AL — William Gordon Cooper. 

1275 Clearwater, FL — Francis Brideau, Frank Randolph, 
Louise Liles (s). 

1278 Gainesville, Fl^William M. Norwood. 

1281 Anchorage, AK — Harvey Tumbleson. Sr., Lois May 
Sperling (s). 

1289 Seattle, WA— Fred L. Whidden. Ruth C. Graham 

1302 New London, CT— Robert Hallstrom. 

1305 FaU River, MA— Arthur Buckley. Edward W. Wal- 

1307 Evanston, IL — George Nilson. 

1311 Dayton, OH— Fred E. Rathermann. 

1314 Oconomowoc, WI — Wolfram Ittner. 

1319 Albuquerque, NM — James R. Jeffery, Jasper Silver- 

1323 Monterey, CA— Irene H. Spencer (s). 

1325 Edmonton, .\lta, C.-VN — Lawrence Robichaud, Sof- 
fanias LIndal. 

1332 Grand Coulee, W.\— Bruce S. Christie. 

1345 Buffalo, NY— Stanley Strzalka. 

1353 Sante Fe. NM— Dave D. Gurule. 

1361 Chester, IL — Edward Henry Koeneman. 

1370 Kelowna, B.C., CAN— Walter Suschynski. 

Local Union. Cily 
























Scranton, PA. — David M. Curcura. 
Rochester, MN — Rodger A. Olson 
Toledo, OH— Olon S. Scott. 

North Hempstad, NY' — Frank Knauer, Lorenz Endres. 
Santa Monica, CA— John Ege, Newton J. Ricard. 
San Pedro, CA— Theodore Coffelt. 
Lodi, CA — Clifton J. Dunning, Edward Gentry, 
Garland W. Saunders, H. E. Collins. 
Johnstown, PA — Rosario Lewis Stabile. 
Corpus Christie, TX — Armour Verchal Mellard, 
George L. Eleuterius. 

Compton, CA — Ehner Carroll, Josefina Santos (s). 
Lansing, MI — Ralph Disbrow. 
Detroit, MI — Charies Alfoldv. Dario J. Corsi, Larry 
G. Tyler, William E. White. 

Huntington Beach, CA — Alexander E. Miller. Eleanor 
Louise Atwell (s). 

New York, NY — Alexius S. Madsen, Edward Ped- 
ersen. Theresa Anderson (s). 
Edmonton, Alta, CAN— Charles Fizzell. 
Bucks County, PA— Dwight L. Campbell. 
Redondo, CA— Chester S. Parucha, Philip J. Hoff- 

La Porte, IN — Henry C. Neese. 
Auburn, CA — Elizabeth Ann Dolan (s). 
Burlington, NJ — Enos B. Anderson. 
San Diego, CA — George Toth. Herbert E. Jones. 
E. Los .Angeles, CA — Aaron P. Carl. Margarita M. 
Flores (s). 

Los .Angeles, CA — Clarence W. Sekema. 
El Monte. CA — Marguerite E. Jensen (s), Sofia 
Solorio Tortes (s). 

Miami, FL — Abram Tinslev, Marvin Edwards. 
Kansas City, KS— Lloyd J.' Stilts. 
Culver City, CA — John Raymond Bell. Richard Elias 

Miami, FL — Frank Jandik. 
Muscatine, lA — Gilbert Lee Washburn. 
East San Diego, CA — Emma Gertrude Helmly (s). 
Lerov Sullins. 

West Allis, WI— Alice S. Mather (s), Anthony F. 
Saganski, Roger W. Prosser. 
Buffalo, NY — George E. Slowleigh, Harold L. Feger, 

Englewood, CO — Joyce Valdez (s). 
Sydney, N.S., C.\.N — Joseph Lukeman. 
Washington, DC — Eunice A. Andrews (s). Henry 
Forsler. Jimmie L. Bennett. John H. Kamp. Leo 
Austin Dillon. Rov Sherlock, Ruth L. Rothery (s). 
Sarnia, Ont., CAN— Ronald McCabe. 
St. Louis, MO — Helen Marie Steinhoff (s). Otto 

Los Angeles, CA — Ronald V. Sharp. 
E. Millnockt, Mt^Frank F. Willette. 
Grand Rapids, MI — Edmund M. Funk. 
Hayward, CA — Casper A. Block. Richard J. Feiton. 
Kansas City, MO — Raymond F. Higgins. 
Minneapolis, MN — Joseph Classen. 
Lexington, KY — Leiia Jane Cunliffe (si. Pead Ball. 
Bloomington, IN — Berthal Sparks. 
Ft. William, Ont., CAN — Uuno Tamminen. 
Melbourne-Daytona Beach, FL — Benjamin C. Pat- 
terson. Ira D. Miller, Jr.. Mary Louise Sloan (s). 
Stillwater, OK — Clarence C. Maxwell. 
Tacoma, WA — James S. Kenney. 
Auburn, WA — Lloyd E. Warner. 
Milwaukee, WI— Herbert Dick. 
Cleveland, OH — David Arons. Joseph Parlberg. Tony 
Dotlore. William Dailey. 
Pomona, C.A — Dean Leslie Earl. 
Parkersburg, WV — Ernest J. Haves, Homer 1. Scar- 

Marion, VA — Howard Umbarger. 
Orlando, FL — Alan Clarence Behr. Lloyd E. Skal- 
man, Thelma M. Wilson (s). 
Cape Girardeau, MO — George M. McNeely. 
Columbus, IN— Lester R. Roth, Lowell Yellon. 
Oscar Ewing. 

Las Vegas, NV — Acie Heame, Roy F. Andrews. 
Bijou, CA— Betty Jane Gossell (s). 
Renton, WA — Dor Hurskainen. Leo D. Webster, 
Robert Michael Swettenam. 
Saskatoon, Sask, CAN — Alex Ringberg. 
Wood River, IL— John C. Knop. 
Santa .Ana, CA — Cecelia C. Plume (s). 
Fort Worth, TX — Herman Bowlby. 
Babylon, NY' — Gerard C. Michels. 
New' Orleans, LA— Clifford E. McCarty. Kari M. 
Langensteln. Mary G. Michel (s). 
Pasco, WA — James Sage Riggs. 
Milpitas, CA — Alexander Ignalieff. 
Lafayette, LA — Paul J. Calais. 
Beckley, WV— Wendell B. Arthur. 
Van Nuys, CA — Joseph Riviezzo. Remel Bibb. 
Hempstead, NY — Fred Calabrese, Martin M. Rizzo. 
Columbia, MO — Marvin Lee Sheridan. Sr. 
Hollywood, FL— James W. Fix. Lila J. Smith (s). 
Ames, 10 — Charles Eastlund. 
Roseburg, OR— Frank M. Bassett. 
St, Charles, MO — Carl Richard Lemon. 
Los Gatos, CA— Alfred F. Cadwallader, Obie Kuy- 

Ocean County, NJ — James Martin. 
San Diego, CA — James B. Braudaway. 
Rapid City, SD— William Koos. 
Martinez, CA— David R. Pinkstaff, Donald L. Buck. 
Harry Frederick. John William Ray Tooke, Louise 
Olga Larsen (s). Sarah L. Trzepkowski, Troy W. 
Chilton. Wilbert A. Ballard. 
Hartford City, IN— Clarence C. Monroe. 
GUbertsvUle, KY— James P. Case. 
Medford, OR — Rose Ann Lumsden (s). 
Vista, CA— Joseph Walter. William R. Tattersfield. 
Moorefield, WV— Welton L. Ruckman. 

Local Union. Cin- 

2107 Latrobe, PA— Donald A. Bravis. 

2119 St, Louis, MO— Edward F. Parks. Herman Henke. 

2127 Centraiia, WA — Joel F. Browning. 

2155 New York, NY' — Esther Rosenblum (s). Irving Ro- 

2158 Rock Island, Il^Alfred Lippelgoes, H. Edgar 

2172 Santa .Ana, CA— Raul Chavez. 

2177 Martinsville, IN— Violet L. Arnold. 

2182 Montreal, Que., CAN— Philippe Leblanc. 

2203 Anaheim, CA — Carroll R. Rimmer, Harvey K. Kruse. 

2209 Louisville, KY — Cliflon L, Simmons. Jackie R. Liv- 
ers. Norma E. Phipps (s). 

2217 Lakeland. FL — Margaret C. MacDonald (s). 

2232 Houston, TX— Robert Alonzo Marsh, William 

2247 Juneau, AK — Eric Larson. 

2250 Red Bank. NJ — George Lee. John Mohr. Marcus 

2258 Houma, LA — Nicholas Demulder. William Bou- 

2265 Detroit, MI — Frank Olrompke. 

2274 Pittsburgh, P.\— Margaret Sutorka (s). 

2287 New York, NY— Henrietta Glinski (s). 

2288 Los Angeles, CA— Floyd Richard Shea. 
2300 Castelgar, B.C., CAN— Nick A. Plotnikoff. 
2308 Fullerton, CA— Clifford F. Lisby. 

2337 Milwaukee, WI— Kenneth O'Brien. 

2352 Corinth, MS — Tommy J. Hill, Waymon E. Dellinger. 

2358 Atlanta, GA— Terry D. Christopher. 

2361 Orange, CA — Jeffrey Troy Davis. 

2375 Los Angeles, CA— Walter H. Denton. Wesley F. 

2380 Fernald, OH— Kenneth F. Englert. 
23% Seattle, WA— Gust Setteriund. Kirk T. Hennig. 
2398 El Cajon, CA— Robert E. Spence. 
2405 Kalispell, MT — Dewaine J. Bums. Herman Engs- 

2411 Jacksonville, FL — Martha B. Honeycutt (s). 
2416 Portland, OR— Jens Wold. 
2420 Newark, OH — Raymond A. Ridenour. 
2430 Charleston, WV— Forrest Lee Birthisel. 

2435 Inglewood, CA — Eva Juanita Jack (s), Thomas G. 

2436 New Orleans, LA— Loren J. Alford. 
2453 Oakridge, OR— Bernard J. Simon. 

2463 Ventura, CA — Kenneth T. Landberg, Sr, 

2467 Florence, CO — Ludie Theodore Richard. 

2470 Tullahoma, TN— Sally Evelyn Wright (s). 

2505 Klamath, CA— David Lloyd Craig, Ronald D. Ham- 

2522 SI. Helens, OR— Harry Turner. 

2581 Libbv. MT— Howard O. Thompson. 

2627 Cottage Grove. OR— Marion A. Bridwell. 

2629 Hughesville. PA— Daniel P. Emery. 

2633 Tacoma, WA — Henry Coulston. Robert Irons. 

2682 New York, NY— Joseph Melhado. 

2693 Port Arthur, Ont., CAN— Emilio Michaud. 

2714 Dallas, OR— W. J. Jackson. 

2750 Springfield, OR— Flossie V. Golden (si. 

2761 McClearv, WA— Chester Hyman. 

2767 Morton, W A— Robert Taylor. 

2805 KUekitat, W A— Ray Sutton. 

2816 Emmett, ID — .Antonio Alonso, Laura E. Miller (s). 
Merle F. House. 

2834 Denver, CO— Benny F. Benham, John W. Price, 
Roy R. Radcliff, 

2881 Portland, OR— Conrad H. Neubarth, Maxine M. 
Wolff (s). Robert R. Russell. 

2882 Santa Rosa, CA — Donald Eugene Cameron. 
2902 Burns, OR— Albert C. Solomon. 

2949 Rosenborg, OR — Lester A. Wigington, Otis K. Sev- 

3074 Chester, CA— Clarence Bailev. 
7000 Province of Quebec, LCL, 134-2— Berthe Verreault 

(s). Jeanne Thibeault (s). 

Alice to Receive 
Artificial Eyes 

Alice Perkins, the little eight-year-old girl 
bom without a face, who is now the daughter 
of UBC Member Ray Perkins and his wife, 
Thelma, continues to make progress in ad- 
justing to an uncertain world. 

Surgeons at the hospital in Knoxville, 
Tenn., are currently creating eye sockets for 
the child, and they will eventually implant 
artificial eyes. She attends the Tennessee 
School for the Blind and is making progress 
in her education. 

Contributions to the UBC's Helping Hands 
Fund, which offers financial assistance to 
Alice, are still being received at the UBC 
General Office in Washington, D,C. 

Alice will soon receive a special afghan 
with her name raised in Braille upon it, 
which was created for her by Susan Louise 
DeRoos, wife of Marvin DeRoos of Mill- 
wrights Local 1693, Chicago, 111. 




If you want to build a storage shed, a 
garbage-can enclosure, an animal shelter, 
backyard studio, and other such structures, 
you may like to see a copy of a new book 
from Sun Designs of Delafield. Wis. Sun 
Designs publishes design books and working 
plans for a wide variety of unusual or hard- 
to-find items made of wood. (We told you 
last year of a Sun Designs book about 

Backyard Structures is a 96-page, full- 
color volume containmg designs for 21 stor- 
age sheds, five cabanas, 13 garbage can 
enclosures, three studios, three small barns, 
12 animal shelters, five "ideas for young and 
old entrepreneurs," plus other items. The 
back of the book has general construction 
plans and floor plans. There's a price list 
and instructions on the final page of the 
book, if you want to order detailed plans 
and specifications. 

Backyard Structures sells for $8.95, in- 
cluding first class or United Parcel Service 
postage, and it can be ordered from Sun 
Designs, P.O. Box 206, Delafield, Wis. 53018. 
It is also sold in major bookstores. 

Always look for the UBC's union label 
when you shop for building supplies. 


Clifton Enterprises 


Cline-Sigmon Publishers. 


Estwing Mfg. Co 


Full Length Roofer 


Irwin Co 


Stanley Tools . . . Back Cover | 

Vaughan & Bushnell .... 



For more than a decade construction and 
safety engineers have been seeking a solution 
to the problem of trip hazards which occur 
with the hanging of a swinging scatfold 
beneath grating. 

Until the recent patenting of the V & J 
Grating Cable Hanger, the use of pipes wired 
to the grating has been the common but 
unsatisfactory solution. Wiring down the 
pipes and keeping them as flat as possible 
has cost time and money and still created a 
safety problem. 

Ray Vaught, a member of Carpenters 
Local 1319, Farmington, N.M.. has worked 
with needle beam scaffold for years, and he 
decided to develop an alternative to wired- 
down pipes, something which could be used 
not only in the construction of needle-beam 
scaffolding, but for temporary piping, sky 
climbers, and spider work. Working with a 
fellow named Garth Reece, he developed 
the Grating Cable Hanger shown in the 
illustration, which protrudes only 1/8 inch 
above a grating, and its safety features in- 
clude a guaranteed 1 ,000 pounds maximum 
bearing load, extra long wings which spread 
out and catch on grating bars to prevent 
slippage under an overload condition, and a 
design which enables cable to ride on a 
smooth, curved sur- 
face to reduce cable 
wear. The hangers 
are made of cold- 
bend, C-36 carbon 
steel and they install 
For more infor- 
mation write: V & J 
Enterprises, Inc., 
701 South Carlton, 
Farmington, New 
Mexico 87401. Tel- 
ephone: (505) 326- 

MARCH, 1985 

Above, a closeup of 
hanger wings and 
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Who Is Protecting 

Our Pension, 

Heaitli, and 

Welfare Benefits? 

The Reagan Administration plans to trim 

the federal deficit by raising employees' 

taxes and raiding our pension and 

welfare funds! 

Last year the American public heard President 
Reagan promise repeatedly not to raise our 
federal taxes. 

But now that Election Day has come and gone 
it's "business as usual'' at the White House. 
And the Administration's first order of business, 
it turns out, is planning how to make workers 
and their families bear the chief burden of 
reducing the escalating federal deficit. If you 
thought "no tax increases" meant "no tax in- 
creases," think again. The Treasury Department 
has outlined proposals to raise over $80 billion 
in revenues by imposing new taxes on employees 
and employee benefit funds. 

One immediate result of these proposals would 
be a substantial increase in the income taxes paid 
by working men and women. The long range 
impact, however, will be even more serious. These 
proposals threaten the very existence of the private 
pension, health, and welfare funds on which we 
depend for our future security and the protection 
of our families. 

The Administration's plans are disguised with 
appealing labels such as "tax reform," "fair- 
ness," and "tax simplification." 

But even a quick survey of the substance 
behind the labels shows us what's in store for 
us, unless we act now to fight back. 

For example. Treasury proposes to repeal the 
long-established tax exemption (in effect for 

more than 60 years) covering the earnings of 
employee welfare benefit funds derived from 
employer contributions. These welfare funds 
provide a range of essential benefits — health 
care, life insurance, unemployment and disabil- 
ity benefits, educational assistance, vacation, 
group legal services, and others — to workers and 
their families. We have struggled hard to nego- 
tiate and maintain these benefits, and the favor- 
able tax treatment has been of critical importance 
to our success. The workers and families covered 
by these funds would not otherwise be able to 
afford these benefits on their own. 

The Administration's proposals would also 
place a "cap" on the value of health care 
coverage that employees can receive tax-free. 
Employees would have to pay income tax and 
Social Security tax on the amount of employer- 
paid premiums in excess of $70 per month for 
an individual or $175 per month for a family. It 
is estimated that the additional tax burden on 
an employee from this proposal alone would 
average $155 annually. As the cost to employers 
of providing these benefits increases, and as 
healthy workers begin dropping out to avoid 
additional tax burdens, benefit plans will be 
severely jeopardized and coverage will have to 
be reduced. And the overall health of workers 
and their famihes will suffer as access to non- 
emergency care is lost. 

Along the same lines. Treasury proposes to 
eliminate the provisions that now exclude from 
your taxable income such benefits as employer- 
provided educational assistance up to $5,000, 
death benefits up to $5,000, dependent care 
services, personal legal services, and group term 
life insurance. And Treasury plans to count 
unemployment and disability compensation as 
part of employees' income. 

Pension benefits are also targeted under the 
Treasury proposals. Most distributions from re- 
tirement plans before the participant's death, 
disability, or attainment of age 59- '/2 would be 
subject to an additional tax of 20%. Virtually all 
of our negotiated multi-employer pension plans 
provide early retirement benefits. The singling 
out of this benefit for extra taxation is particularly 
cruel to workers in physically demanding trades 
such as construction or maritime, where continued 
employment beyond age 55 can be seriously det- 



rimental to workers' health. And in many de- 
pressed industries where early retirement can 
help mitigate the impact of plant closings and 
mass layoffs on our members, this extra tax would 
only further penalize those workers who already 
bear the greatest economic hardship. 

In summary, the architects of this bogus "tax 
reform" strategy are counting on using the 
financial resources of American workers as a 
quick fix for the major economic problems faced 
by this Administration. They believe that work- 
ers lack the means to make their voices heard 
in Washington. They expect that the Senators, 
Representatives and Cabinet Officers who are 
quick to protect many powerful interests against 
deficit-reduction burdens, will remain unin- 
formed about the adverse impact on wage earn- 
ers. And it is indeed true that the squeakiest big 
wheels are getting the grease right now: just 
look at how the Administration reacted as soon 
as some noise was made about increased cor- 
porate taxes, for example. 

We must make the workers' position just as 
clear, and voice our concerns as powerfully as 
possible in every available forum. We need 
support and immediate positive action from every 
member to do this. 

The United Brotherhood has launched a major 
effort to bring our message to Congress. We will 
be prepared to meet with all relevant legislators, 
present testimony, and monitor developments. 
Those members who attended the AFL-CIO 
Industrial Union Department's legislative con- 
ference at the end of February will have reached 
out directly to their Senators and Representa- 
tives on these issues. The upcoming Building 
Trades legislative conference in April will give 
our members an additional chance for personal 
contact on Capitol Hill. And I am asking each 
and every member to send his or her legislators 
a short, to-the-point letter or postcard such as the 
sample communication you'll find printed on p. 
13 of this issue. Tell them you are strongly 
opposed to any plans to make workers carry the 
load through taxes on employee benefits. Our 
allies on Capitol Hill agree that an overwhelming 
flood of mail from our members can make a big 
difference if we act now. 

But our effort as a union will not suffice by 
itself. Above all, we need to rally the support 
of trustees of pension and welfare funds that are 
directly threatened by the tax schemes I've 
described. The National Coordinating Committee 
for Multiemployer Plans is the key organization 
fighting to protect our benefit funds. The United 
Brotherhood, along with other concerned Unions, 
has been working with the NCCMP for the past 
decade, and we have pledged an all-out effort 
in this current struggle. I urge all our benefit 
plans to subscribe now to the NCCMP and join 
in its public awareness campaign. (See p. 13 for 
information on how to join). Fund trustees have 
traditionally considered informational groups and 
meetings an important part of sound administra- 
tion. It's time to put administrative resources 
where they will be most effective in protecting 
the interests of benefit plans and their partici- 

Patrick J. Campbell 
General President 


101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 

Address Correction Requested 

Non-Profit Org. 



Permit No. 13 
Washington, D.C. 



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f ^ 







iiyn ot the Taoe RuleQ 

Unifed Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners of America 

Cover Story 

Ghost Plants of the 1980s, 
Casualties of Free Trade 
and Corporate Welfare 







101 Constitution Ave., N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Patrick J. Campbell 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Sigurd Lucassen 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Anthony Ochocki 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


John S. Rogers 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Wayne Pierce 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


William Sidell 
William Konyha 


First District, Joseph F. Lia 

120 North Main Street 
New City, New York 10956 

Second District, George M. Walish 

101 S. Newtown St. Road 

Newtown Square, Pennsylvania 19073 

Third District, John Pruitt 
504 E. Monroe Street #402 
Springfield, Illinois 62701 

Fourth District, Harold E. Lewis 
3110 Maple Drive, #403 
Atlanta, Georgia 30305 

Fifth District, Leon W. Greene 
4920 54th Avenue, North 
Crystal, Minnesota 55429 

Sixth District, Dean Sooter 
400 Main Street #203 
Rolla, Missouri 65401 

Seventh District, H. Paul Johnson 
Gramark Plaza 

12300 S.E. Mallard Way #240 
Milwaukie, Oregon 97222 

Eighth District, M. B. Bryant 
5330-F Power Inn Road 
Sacramento, California 95820 

Ninth District, John Carruthers 
5799 Yonge Street #807 
Willowdale, Ontario M2M 3V3 

Tenth District, Ronald J. Dancer 

1235 40th Avenue, N.W. 
Calgary, Alberta, T2K OG3 

Patrick J. Campbell, Chairman 
John S. Rogers, Secretary 

Correspondence for the General Executive Board 
should be sent to the General Secretary. 

Secretaries, Please Note 

In processing complaints about 
magazine delivery, the only names 
which the financial secretary needs to 
send in are the names of members 
who are NOT receiving the magazine. 

In sending in the names of mem- 
bers who are not getting the maga- 
zine, the address forms mailed out 
with each monthly bill should be 
used. When a member clears out of 
one local union into another, his 
name is automatically dropped from 
the mailing list of the local union he 
cleared out of. Therefore, the secre- 
tary of the union into which he cleared 
should forward his name to the Gen- 
eral Secretary so that this member 
can again be added to the mailing list. 

Members who die or are suspended 
are automatically dropped from the 
mailing list of The Carpenter. 


NOTE: Filling out this coupon and mailing it to the CARPENTER only cor- 
rects your mailing address for the magazine. It does not advise your own 
local union of your address change. You must also notify your local union 
... by some other method. 

This coupon should be mailed to THE CARPENTER, 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20001 


Local No 

Number of your Local Union must 
be given. Otherwise, no action can 
be taken on your change of address. 

Social Security or (in Canada) Social Insurance No.. 



State or Province 

ZIP Code 


ISSN 0008-6843 

VOLUME 105 No. 4 APRIL, 1985 


John S. Rogers, Editor 



Ghost Plants of the 1980s 2 

4th District Board Member Harold Lewis Retires 4 

UBC Position Regarding Benefits Tax Proposal 5 

Clay Bill Would Stop Double-Breasting 6 

Mediation Found Effective Tool for Article 20 6 

May 4, Louisiana-Pacific Boycott Day 7 

lUD Legislative Conference Tackles Issues 9 

Operation Turnaround Update 11 

Councils Promote Union-Built Homes 16 

Personality Mailboxes Dot the Land Grover Brinkman 18 

Workers' Clinics: Who You Can Turn to 20 

Should Your Scaffold Be Guarded? A Survey 22 

Waldmann Associates Commends Union Ties 24 


Washington Report 12 

Members in the News 13 

Ottawa Report 14 

Consumer Clipboard: Garage Doors Unsafe 19 

We Congratulate 23 

Local Union News 25 

Apprenticeship and Training 29 

Retirees Notebook 30 

Plane Gossip 31 

Service to the Brotherhood 33 

In Memoriam 37 

What's New? 39 

President's Message Patrick J. Campbell 40 

Published monthly at 3342 Bladensburg Road, Brentwood, Md- 20722 by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners ol Amenca. Subscnption price: United States and Canada $10.00 per year, single copies $1.00 in 

The skeletal remains of a once-boom- 
ing steel mill in Pennsylvania dominate 
our April cover — a grim reminder that 
all is not well this spring in many areas 
of North American industry. 

Like a ghost town along the transcon- 
tinental railroads of a century ago, it is 
abandoned by corporate management in 
the pursuit of profits elsewhere. 

This ghost of the 1980s is not alone. A 
vast array of abandoned mills and indus- 
trial yards lines the banks of the Mon- 
ongahela River in Pennsylvania. In the 
Pacific Northwest, lumber mills have 
been shut down, as imports cut into the 
U.S. lumber and wood products market. 
In New England and the Upper Midwest, 
plants have been padlocked and the work 
moved either to the Sun Belt or overseas. 

Even the so-called high-tech industries 
have been dislocated because of unfair 
trade competition from overseas. 

These are the victims of America's 
free trade policy and its "corporate wel- 
fare" programs, which allow tax write- 
offs for corporate reinvestments which 
are never realized. We maintain an open- 
door policy for cheap imported products, 
but we cannot seem to break down the 
tariff barriers and sanctions which pre- 
vent American and Canadian products 
from finding reciprocal markets overseas 
Meanwhile, the unemployment rate in 
the United States stands at 7.3% — almost 
double the 4% level set as a goal by the 
Humphrey-Hawkins Bill enacted into law 
a decade ago. 

—Photo courtesy of STEELABOR 

Ghost PUmla of thr t9BOi. 
Casualties of Fret rroilc 
and CorpOTote Welfare 

Printed in U.S.A. 

In a large eastern city, a former 
steelworker with 17 years experience 
is now marketing a 10-part lawn care 
program to his suburban neighbors. In 
the Midwest, a highly-skilled tool and 
die maker is learning the intricacies of 
computer programming in the hopes of 
starting a home-based word processing 

These people and millions more like 
them are defining the new American 
workplace where the emphasis is on 
service and away from manufacturing. 

It's a development that is leaving 
many long-time skilled workers feeling 
stranded on the roadside — relics of a 
bygone era. At the same time, it also 
raises serious questions about where 
the U.S. and Canada are headed. 

Two of the contributing factors shap- 
ing the new American economy have 
been the growing competition from for- 
eign made goods and a reluctance on 
our part to protect our industries from 
these crippling inroads. 


Casualties of Americans free trade policies 
and its welfare programs for big business 

Free Trade vs. Fair Trade — 
Problems of the '80s 

Proponents of the so-called "free 
market" approach to economics are 
against any form of government inter- 
vention. They want to be able to buy 
materials and labor anywhere in the 
world where they are plentiful and cheap. 
The savings, we are told, enable them 
to offer us their products at lower prices. 

This on-going battle between the "free 
trade" people and the "fair trade" 
advocates who want to have American 
jobs, has been acted out each year in 
Congress, so far without any clear res- 

Enter the Multinational 

While only a generation ago, nations 
were primarily concerned with their 
own economies, today the rules have 
been changed. Large multinational cor- 


OPPOSITE PAGE, TOP—Demotilion of 
Towers in a sleet facility shows the decline 
in basic industry. Photo courtesy Califor- 
nia Newsreel. 

industrial policy is desperately needed lo 
revive depressed communities. Photo by 
Marth Tabor 

AT RIGHT— Labors call for full employ- 
ment is a top priority, as this jobless 
worker makes clear at a rally at the U.S. 
capiiol. Photo by Jim West. 

PANEL BELOW, LEFT— Children of job- 
less workers in Detroit get help under- 
standing their parents' plight from school 
guidance counselor Archie Morris-Vann, a 
member of the Detroit Federation of 

hungry was job taken on by many unions, 
churches and community groups as reces- 
sion created millions of unemployed. This 
scene is from union hall in Baltimore. Md. 
Photo by Martha Tabor. 

PANEL BELOW. RIGHT— Fear of being 
deserted by parents angered and frustrated 
by their unemployment haunts Detroit 
fourth-grader Dawn, one of an estimated 
13 million children in households affected 
by joblessness in past three years. 

BOTTOM. LEFT— "Dorothy Six" was 
U.S. Steel's largest blast furnace. It broke 
records for the company, but it has been 
shut down since last May. Photo from 

porations with holdings in many differ- 
ent countries have gathered enormous 

These companies go where the work 
is cheap — to the Orient, South America. 

sent the state-of-the-art in research and 
development for computers and other 
exotic hardware, the actual assembly 
of these items is being farmed out more 
and more overseas. 

and the Pacific. Their only allegiance is 
to their stockholders, and they leave in 
their wake empty American factories 
and displaced families. 

What we may have left in North 
America is largely a service economy. 
Our once-skilled craft and industrial 
workers now are becoming the sales- 
men for the goods they no longer have 
any role in producing. 

Bright Future for High Tech? 
Who's Kidding Who? 

But, at least, America has the tech- 
nological edge. Recently the hint that 
this country planned to build a high- 
tech defense system in space had the 
Soviets rushing back to the bargaining 
table for new arms talks. But what about 
the jobs behind the high-tech picture? 

People point to the Silicon Valley 
area of California and other similar high- 
tech enclaves that are sprouting up 
across the country as our new industrial 
base. But while these facilities repre- 

A good example is the recent emi- 
gration of an important computer disc 
manufacturer in San Francisco that laid 
off some 700 employees and moved its 
operations to Singapore. There the firm 
gets big tax breaks. It's closer to the 
Far East manufacturers of the compo- 
nents it uses, and most important, gets 
significant savings on labor. 

Preserving America's 
Industrial Base 

While the United States stands out 
as one of the few nations still following 
the free trade myth, other countries are 
taking steps to protect their industries. 
After flooding this country with auto- 
mobiles, televisions, and other con- 
sumer goods, Japan, for instance, has 
been very careful not to let the U.S. 
sell any of our products over there. 

Some countries use trade sharing ar- 
rangements when dealing abroad, to 
insure that neither partner is injured 
Continued on Page 4 



Continued from Page 3 

when trading. Our method involves 
"content" arrangements, where items 
imported into a country must be assem- 
bled with parts or materials produced 
at home. 

Similar "content" legislation was in- 
troduced in Congress to protect the 
American auto industry and the thou- 
sands of jobs it creates. But it has yet 
to pass, largely due to opposition from 
the White House. At the same time, 
the present administration seems happy 
to sit back and watch while our critical 
steel industry is slowly destroyed by 
cheap imports. 

What You Can Do to Bring 
About Recovery 

If you are concerned about the dis- 
appearance of jobs for skilled craftsmen 
and industrial workers in this country 
and the growing threat of multinational 
corporations, your opinion can make a 
difference. Write your two senators and 
your Congressman today in care of the 
United States Senate, Washington, DC, 
20510 and the U.S. House of Repre- 
sentatives, Washington, DC 20515. 

Tell them you want to save America's 
vital industrial base and the millions of 





skilled jobs it creates. Each letter you 
write will be read and considered by 
your lawmakers when important legis- 
lation is drafted this year. Let them 

know you did not spend years learning 
a specialized trade only to wind up 
serving fast food or selling encyclope- 
dias door-to-door! 

Harold Lewis Retires As 4tli District 
General Executive Board Member 

Fourth District Board Member Har- 
old E. Lewis stepped down from active 
duty with the United Brotherhood 
April 1, ending 37 years of dedicated 
service. Lewis served as the UBC's 
Southern-region board member for 15 

Originally from Queens County, N.Y., 
Lewis, 66, started into carpentry after 
high school graduation, building homes 
for his contractor grandfather. 

During World War II, while serving 
in the Army, Lewis saw action in the 
Battle of the Bulge. He then held a 
succession of construction jobs, settling 
in Miami, Fla., in 1947 as a member of 
Local 1509. His first position with the 
union was as a steward. He was elected 
recording secretary in 1949 and local 
president in 1951. 

Named assistant business agent for 
the Miami District Council in 1957, 
Lewis became the business manager for 
the council in 1963. 

Lewis has served as both first vice 
president and chairman of the Florida 

State Council of Carpenters. In addi- 
tion, he has also been a delegate to the 
Dade County Central Labor Union, a 
member of the Miami Housing Board 
of Appeals, as a member of the Urban 
League, and as a member of LEAP 
(Labor Education Advancement Pro- 
gram.) He has also served as a board 
member of the United Givers Fund and 
as a director of the John Elliot Blood 
Bank, sponsored by organized labor in 
the Miami area. 

On May 18, 1970, Lewis was named 
a member of the UBC General Exec- 
utive Board by President M. A. Hutche- 
son. He filled a vacancy created when 
Herbert Skinner was named Second 
General Vice-President. 

The retiring board member attended 
the University of Miami for two years, 
pursuing studies in business law and 
business administration. 

Lewis and his wife Mary Ross, mar- 
ried 43 years, are looking forward to 
"enjoying ourselves, relaxing, and just 
doing what we want." Their son, Rich- 


ard Alan, is in West Palm Beach, Fla.; 
daughter Sandra Ann and family reside 
in Satellite Beach, Fla. Lewis continues 
to enjoy fishing, and is working on his 
goLf game. 


Our response to the attack 

The United Brotherhood's Position 
Regarding Proposed T€ixation of 

The UBC opposes those legislative "tax reform" pro- 
posals that involve taxation of employee benefits and benefit 
funds. These proposals vi/ould have a harmful effect on the 
private system of pension, health, and welfare coverage 
that UBC members depend on for our security and for the 
protection of our families. It is irresponsible and unfair for 
the government to siphon off the limited resources of 
working people as a "quick fix" for the federal deficit. 


1. NO to taxation of employee welfare benefit funds! 

For more than 60 years, the earnings of employee welfare benefit 
funds derived from employer contributions have been exempt 
from taxation. This policy has fostered the growth of a wide range 
of funds that provide essential benefits for employees such as 
heahh care coverage, life insurance, disability benefits, unem- 
ployment benefits, educational assistance, and other services. 
Most of the UBC members and their families who are covered by 
such negotiated benefits would be unable to afford and obtain this 
protection on their own. 

2. NO to a "cap" on tax-exempt health insurance! 

The Administration proposes to make employees pay income 
tax and Social Security tax on the value of employer-paid health 
insurance premiums in excess of $70 per month for an individual 
and $175 per month for a family. This could add approximately 
$155 annually to each employee's income tax burden. Placing a 
"cap" on tax-free health coverage is particularly unfair to UBC 
members in areas where costs for health care are high. In addition, 
this tax proposal would undermine the soundness of group health 
funds by encouraging healthy workers to drop out. leaving those 
workers most in need to pay even higher costs for reduced benefits. 
Lack of health coverage by private funds would place greater 
pressure on local, state and federal government bodies to provide 
health care; and the government's cost to provide that substitute 
coverage would be nearly five times the amount that the Admin- 
istration hopes to gain in tax revenue. 

3. NO to income tax on other benefits received by workers! 

We oppose proposals to make employees pay income taxes on 
various other employee benefit programs which have been targeted: 

Group Term Life Insurance: Presently the tax code provides 
that employer-paid premiums for Group Term Life Insurance are 
not taxable to the employee up to a maximum amount of $50,000. 
This provision would be repealed and beneficiaries would be taxed 
for the entire premium amount paid for this insurance by their 

Unemployment insurance: These benefits provide essential in- 
come to jobless workers. Above certain thresholds, such benefits 
are already taxed, adding to the hardship of being unemployed by 

diminishing the program's intended use as an economic stabilizer. 
The misery of unemployment should not be compounded by 
increasing the taxation of these minimal benefits. Yet this com- 
pensation would be fully taxed under the benefits' tax proposal. 

Workers' Compensation: These benefits are already inadequate 
to meet the needs of disabled workers and their families. Taxing 
them would widen the gap between benefits and the income level 
required to maintain decent living standards while a worker is 
unemployed because of a job-related injury. Yet even these meager 
benefits would be fully taxed under many of the so-called "tax 
simplification" plans. 

Group Legal Services: The current tax treatment of qualified 
plans helps to make such services available at minimal cost to 
many who would otherwise be unable to afford such protection. 
Under the benefits' tax, whatever amount employers pay for legal 
service benefits would be added to their employees' taxable 

Educational Assistance Program: Non-taxation of this benefit 
provides significant opportunities to women, minorities, and other 
workers to upgrade and maintain their skills, through training/ 
retraining programs provided by employers, often as a result of 
collective bargaining. Under a benefits tax, employees would be 
taxed fully for any employer paid educational costs. 

4. NO to taxation of certain pension distribution. 

The Administration wants to add an extra 20% tax on pension 
benefits paid before the participant's death, disability, or attain- 
ment of age 59'/2. This would affect most of our negotiated 
multiemployer pension funds. Singling out these benefits for higher 
taxes is particularly unfair to UBC members in physically de- 
manding construction and industrial occupations where early 
retirement is necessary for health reasons, and in economically 
depressed areas where early retirement can help ease the hardship 
of plant closings and layoffs. 


The employee benefit programs targeted for taxation have been 
supported by official government policy for more than half a 
century in an effort to encourage and support the development of 
a private, employer-funded, broadly based system of benefits to 
guarantee the protection and economic security of American 
workers. The policy has worked. The policy reversal embodied 
in the "tax simplification" proposals would dismantle the economic 
and social services life support system which the American labor 
movement has helped establish through decades of work. 

The new supertax on these benefits would hurl working people 
who can least afford it. Seventy-five percent of employees covered 
by these plans earn less than $25,000. If employees are forced to 
pay taxes on these benefits, their take-home pay would be cut. 
Meanwhile, employers — to lessen the effects of this unfair tax — 
might seek to freeze or reduce employee benefits. The result could 
be reduced protection for most of America's families. 

APRIL, 1985 

Congressman Clay's Bill 
Would Stop Double-Breasting 

A bill to end the practice of "double- 
breasting" by construction companies 
has been introduced in the U.S. House 
of Representatives by Congressman 
WiUiam Clay (D-Mo.). The biU would 
also make employers honor pre-hire 

Dubbed "The Construction Industry 
Contract Security Act of 1985," Clay's 
bill H.R. 281 , has been called the "most 
important and highest priority labor 
issue legislatively" by the Building and 
Construction Trades Department of the 

Richard Mantia, executive secretary- 
treasurer of the St. Louis Building and 
Construction Trades Council, said the 
bill, if passed, could restore tens of 
thousands of jobs to construction unions. 

"We are extremely grateful to Con- 
gressman Clay for introducing H.R. 
281," Mantia told the Labor Tribune. 
"Double-breasting has denied too many 
workers the right to join unions of their 
choice and bargain collectively for de- 
cent wages and working conditions. 
H.R. 281 would go a long way toward 
restoring democracy in the construction 
sites of this nation." 

By introducing the bill, Mantia said. 
Clay has once again demonstrated in a 
very tangible way that he is one of the 

best friends working men and women 
have in the Congress. 

Double-breasting is the practice of a 
union contractor setting up a separate 
non-union operation to avoid bargaining 
agreements. Contractors have also used 
double-breasting to willfully violate the 
terms of pre-hire agreements. Congress 
recognized the need for pre-hire agree- 
ments in 1959 to maintain stability in 
the construction industry. 

Under the Reagan administration, 
however, the National Labor Relations 
Board has allowed unscrupulous con- 
tractors to willfully avoid their obliga- 
tions to honor the union hiring hall. 
H.R. 281 would end abuses by requiring 
contractors to apply provisions of a 
collective bargaining agreement to any 
part of their operations. Dummy firms 
would no longer be used. 

The Clay bill would also force con- 
tractors to live up to their obligations 
and allow workers to retain their rights 
undercollective bargaining agreements. 

Clay said his bill is "essential if 
construction workers are to have mean- 
ingful union and collective bargaining 

Union members are urged to contact 
their U.S. Senators and Congressmen 
to co-sponsor H.R. 281. 

Mediation Found Effective Tool 
In Settling Article 20 Disputes 

Mediation continues to prove its ef- 
fectiveness as a means of settling dis- 
putes between affiliates under Article 
20 of the AFL-CIO Constitution, Sec- 
Treas. Thomas R. Donahue said. 

Reporting to the Executive Council 
on the operations of the Article XX 
Internal Disputes Plan, Donahue said 
2,344 cases have been filed since the 
plan's inception in 1962. Settlement was 
achieved through mediation and dis- 
cussions between the organizations in 
1,328 cases, or 56.6%. In 1984 alone, 
24 cases — 35% of those processed dur- 
ing the year — were settled at the me- 
diation level. 

Since February 1982, all cases have 
been handled by a permanent mediator, 
John N. Gentry. In cases not settled 
through mediation, hearings are con- 
ducted and determinations made by the 
impartial umpires, D. Quinn Mills and 
Howard Lesnick. There have been 995 
such determinations since 1962. 

Sixty-three cases were filed in 1984 
and 15 remained pending at the media- 
tion level at the end of the year. Um- 
pires' determinations found violations 
in 15 cases and no violations in 13, with 
four cases pending. A justification re- 
port was issued in one case. 

At the appeals stage, 13 cases were 
pending at the start of the year and 17 
new appeals were entered. Council sub- 
committees sustained the umpires' de- 
terminations in 11 cases. Five appeals 
were withdrawn and four were referred 
to the Executive Council Appeals Com- 
mittee, leaving ten cases pending. 

The Appeals Committee affirmed one 
determination and set aside or modified 
two with one case remaining pending. 

Seventeen non-compliance com- 
plaints were pending at the start of the 
year and two others were filed during 
the period. Compliance was achieved 

Continued on Page 32 

What IVs Like 
Working in 
Sandinista Land 

With the help of Canada's foreign as- 
sistance program, Nicaragua's demo- 
cratic Confederation of Trade Union 
Unity (CUS) has been able to open a 
Worker Vocational Training Center in 
the Maria Auxiliadora district of Mana- 
gua. The Center serves an area of high 
unemployment by providing young peo- 
ple with employable skills. 

In April. 1984, the CUS used a 
sound-truck to spread the word that 
registration was open for courses at the 
Center. In two days 162 prospective 
students had signed up for classes, and 
opening ceremonies were scheduled for 
May Day. As the students gathered the 
Center was attacked by a mob orga- 
nized by Sandinista Defense Commit- 
tees and armed with rocks and clubs. 
The Sandinistas broke up the meeting 
and forced the CUS members out of 
the Center. 

When the CUS persisted in its inten- 
tion to open the Center even after this 
violent incident, its leaders received 
death threats and were publicly ac- 
cused of being traitors. CIA agents, 
and employers' stooges. The CUS lead- 
ership protested the violation of the 
workers' rights to Sandinista leader 
Daniel Ortega. The only response came 
not from the Comandante himself, but 
from local Sandinista officials who sud- 
denly decided that the training center 
could not open because the government 
had already planned to open a sewing 
school in the same neighborhood. The 
CUS replied that even two vocational 
schools in the area could not begin to 
fill the needs of the people there. 

Despite the violence, the threats, and 
the bureaucratic harrassment. the CUS 
went ahead and opened its school and 
began its first six-month course. Of the 
162 who originally had signed up. 75 
began the course. Sandinista hostility 
continued, but 35 students withstood 
the pressures and completed the 
course. (The Sandinistas" sewing school 
never materialized). Speaking at the 
graduation ceremony on November 12. 
1984. CUS Secretary General Alvin 
Guthrie praised the graduates for their 
"bravery and sacrifices, and their de- 
termination to improve themselves." 
He also praised the women who served 
as instructors for "keeping their morale 
high and never bending in spite of the 
threats they received." 



A Renewed Commitment To Fight Injustice 

As the Brotherhood's "L-P Boycott 
Day" on May 4th approaches, Broth- 
erhood members and affihates across 
the country are intensifying their boy- 
cott activities, and numerous other ac- 
tions against the big union-busting cor- 
poration continue to develop. 

While UBC members in New York, 
Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsyl- 
vania, and throughout the East con- 
ducted "Don't Patronize" activities 
against retailers of L-P products. Broth- 
erhood members in California's Bay 
Area welcomed the 800 lumber industry 
executives attending the Western Woods 
Products Association convention in San 
Francisco with picketing and leafletting 
action against L-P officials in attend- 
ance. Locals and councils throughout 
the country are responding well to the 
"Adopt a Lumber Store" campaign. 

The May 4th L-P Boycott Day called 
by the UBC Executive Board is designed 
to demonstrate the Brotherhood's con- 
tinued commitment to the L-P strikers. 

"Alter 21 hard months of a strike, 
it's sometimes difficult for workers and 
their unions to continue to fight. That's 
not the case with this Brotherhood," 
declared UBC General President Pa- 

trick J. Campbell. "The determination 
of the L-P strikers is an example for all 
of us. and L-P Boycott Day is the 
beginning of a renewed commitment to 
support our brothers and sisters for as 
long as it takes." 

UBC affiliates acrosss the country 
are urged to participate in boycott ac- 
tivities at retail stores selling L-P prod- 
ucts in their area. Locals and councils 
conducting boycott activities and those 
returning the "Adopt a Lumber Store" 
cards will be supplied with "L-P Boy- 
cott Day" packets, boycott literature, 
and leafletting instructions. The "L-P 
Boycott Day" packet includes a boy- 
cott poster, a camera-ready copy of a 
boycott ad which an affiliate can place 
in a local newspaper, press release 
materials, and other boycott items. 

LP Strike Annual 
Report Prepared 

A report documenting numerous UBC 
strike-related activities against L-P has 
been prepared to highlight the cost L- 
P is incurring to wage its union-busting 
fight. The report describes various as- 

pects of the UBC corporate campaign 
and boycott efforts against L-P, and 
effectively refutes company assertions 
that the strike campaign is having little 
impact on the company. The report 
notes the following: Nearly 300 lumber 
dealers have stopped selling L-P wood 
products; the company will pay millions 
of dollars for environmental abatement 
measures due to UBC members permit 
actions; company waferboard expansion 
has been slowed by UBC supported com- 
munity opposition; company access to 
strategic Forest Service timber has been 
blocked; and struck mill productivity is 
still off sharply. 

As we go to press, these are the 
locals and councils currently partici- 
pating in L-P leafletting: 

LU 921-Portsniouth, NH 
LU 475-Ashland, MA 
LU 210-Norwalk, CT 
Westchester County DC + alT. LU 

163, Peekskill 
Hudson Valley, NY DC 
LU 323, Beacon. NY 
LU 2067, Medford, OR 
LU 3009-Grants Pass, OR 
LU 2851, LaGrande. OR 
LU 870, Spokane, WA 

Continued on Page 8 



Seventy UBC members from the Bay Area 
Council of Carpenters picketed the annual 
meeting of the Western Wood Products 
Assn., at the St. Francis Hotel in San 
Francisco, March 14. Ten L-P executives 
attended the sessions. 

'Don't Patronize' Campaign 
Legal Challenge Dismissed 

Lloyds Home & Building Centers, a retail lumber chain with outlets in 
New York and Connecticut, filed unfair labor practice. (ULP) charges 
against the United Brotherhood of Carpenters because of our effective 
"Don't Patronize" handbUling campaign. As part of our nation-wide L-P 
consumer boycott activities, the UBC used non-picketing publicity at 
several Lloyds' stores, asking consumers not to shop at Lloyds because 
they distribute L-P products. The ULP charges filed by Lloyds accused 
the UBC of illegal secondary boycott picketing. 

On March 4, 1985, the NLRB Regional Director refused to issue a 
complaint against the UBC because he concluded that the UBC engaged 
only in peaceful, lawful handbilling at the Lloyds store. This ruling confirms 
our legal right to use non-picketing publicity in asking that consumers "Don't 
Patronize" stores that sell L-P products. 

Continued from Page 7 

LU 98, Spokane, WA 
LU 3171, Boimers Ferry, ID 
LU 2633, Tacoma, WA 
LU 470, Tacoma, WA 
LU 1689, Tacoma, WA 
LU 2942, Albany, OR 
LU 2714, DaUas, OR 
LU 1708, Aubm-n, WA 
Seattle D.C. 
LU 1289, Seattle. WA 
LU 2519, Seattle, WA 
LU 1797, Renton, WA 
LU 3091, Vaughn, OR 
LU 2750, Springfield, OR 
LU 2627, Cottage Grove, OR 
LU 2787, Springfield, OR 
LU 2791, Sweet Home. OR 
LU 2835, Independence, OR 
LU 1157, Lebanon, OR 
LU 247, Portland, OR 
LU 1388, Oregon City, OR 
LU 2154, Portland, OR 
LU 2881, Portland, OR 
LU 1746, Portland, OR 
LU 1120, Portland, OR 
LU 1857, Portland, OR 
LU 1715, Vancouver, WA 
LU 131, Seattle 
Twin Cities DC 
LU 1382, Rochester, MN 
LU 930, St. Cloud, MN 
LU 2027, Rapid City, SD 
LU 783, Sioux Falls, SD 

LU 1176. Fargo. ND 
LU 149. Tarrytown. NY 

(Westchester Co.) 
LU 1134. Mt. Kisco, NY 

(Westchester Co.) 
LU 543, Mamaroneck, NY 

(Westchester Co.) 
LU 255, Bloomingburg, NY 

(Hudson VaUey) 
LU 245, Oneonta, NY 

(Hudson Valley) 
LU 265, Saugerties, NY 

(Hudson VaUey) 
LU 258, Oneonta, NY 

(Hudson Valley) 
LU 146, Schenectady, NY 

(Albany, Schenectady, Troy & 

Vic. DC) 
LU 120, Utica, NY 
LU 203, Poughkeepsie, NY 
LU 2247, Juneau, AK 
Arizona State D.C. 
LU 1300, San Diego 
LU 1622, Hayward, CA 
LU 3074, Chester, CA 
LU 144L, San Jose, CA 
LU 1280, Mountain View, CA 
LU 1959, San Bernardino, CA 
LU 316, San Jose, CA 
LU 2801, Oroville, CA 
LU 43, Hartford, CT 
LU 696, Tampa, FL 
Broward County DC, FL 
Jacksonville & Vic. DC, FL 
LU 1723, Columbus, GA 

LU 256, Savannah, GA 
LU 903, Valdosta, GA 
LU 1058, Twin Falls, ID 
LU 1879, Lafayette, LA 
LU 402, Greenfield, MA 
LU871, Battle Creek, MI 
LU 1395, Grand Haven, Ml 
LU 1644, Minneapolis, MN 
St. Louis, D.C. 
LU 1672, Hastings, NE 
LU 155, No. Plainfield, NJ 
LU 6, Jersey City, NJ 
LU 399, Blairstown, NJ 
LU 121, Vineland, NJ 
LU 781, Princeton. NJ 
LU 453, Auburn, NY 
LU 2947, Jamaica, NY 
LU 12, Syracuse, NY 
Adirondack & Vic. D.C, NY 
LU 639, Akron, OH 
LU 1419. Coalport, PA 
LU 211, Pittsburgh, PA 
LU 492, Reading, PA 
LU 81, Erie, PA 
LU 33L, Pittsburgh, PA 
LU 359, Philadelphia. PA 
LU 1498. Provo, UT 
LU 1707, Longview, WA 
LU 1845, Snolqualmie. WA 
LU 128. St. Albans. WV 
LU 1146, Green Bay, WI 
LU 1074, Eau Clau-e, WI 
LU 849, Cato, WI 
Ventura County, CA DC 
LU 15, Hackensack, NJ 

LU 1006, New Brunswick, NJ 
LU 65, Perth Amboy, NJ 
LU 715, Elizabeth, NJ 
LU 1342, Irvington, NJ 
LU 455, Somerville, NJ 
South Jersey D.C. 
LU 31. Trenton. NJ 
LU 2250, Red Bank, NJ 
LU 296, Brooklyn, NY 
LU 3091. Eugene. OR 
Retirees Club #21, MO 
LU 620, Madison, NJ 
LU 124, Paterson, NJ 
LU 1489, BurUngton, NJ 
LU 2018, Ocean County, NJ 
Sacramento Area DC, CA 
Bay Counties D.C, CA 
No. Coast Counties D.C, CA 
Redwood District Council, CA 
LU 2882, Santa Rosa, CA 
Golden Empire D.C. 
LU 2608, Redding, CA 
LU 2652, Standard, CA 
LU 3184, Fresno, CA 
Santa Clara Valley D.C 
LU 2020, San Diego 
LU 3088, Stockton, CA 
LU 2801, Oroville, CA 
LU 751, Santa Rosa, CA 
LU 1226, Pasadena. TX 
LU 2232, Houston, TX 
Houston D.C, TX 
LU 213, Houston, TX 
LU 1408, Redwood City, CA 
LU 22, San Francisco, CA 


L-P Waferwood: Key Boycott Target 

L-P's major profit product, waferboard, is a key UBC boycott target. 
Next time you visit your local lumber (jealer, check for this and other 
L-P wood products. The L-P waferboard is easily recognizable by its 
brigfit orange edge color and the L-P logo imprinted on the side of 
the stack. 

Don't Buy These Louisiana-Pacific Products 

Unfair L-P Brand Names include: L-P Wolmanized; Cedartone; 
Waferwood; Fibrepine; Oro-Bord, Redex; Sidex; Ketchikan; Pabco; 
Xonolite; L-P Home Centers. 


Trade, Shutdowns, 
Health and Safety 
Focus of lUD 

By Calvin G. Zon 

PAI Staff Writer 

Trade, plant closing, and workplace 
safety and health legislation were the 
focus of the AFL-CIO Industrial Union 
Department's recent legislative confer- 
ence in Washington. 

Some 1,200 delegates from 17 lUD- 
affiliated unions were urged by AFL- 
CIO Secretary-Treasurer Thomas R. 
Donahue to "make it clear to every 
legislator in Washington and your home 
state capitals that we're watching, mon- 
itoring, measuring, and taking stock — 
and that we'll make our judgments at 
the next election time based on that 
analysis — not on the basis of how much 
stroking we get." 

"We don't let our employers get 
away with that; we can't let legislators 
get away with it either," Donahue de- 

"We've spent a lot of years and a lot 
of effort in trying to elect Representa- 
tives and Senators whose philosophy 
seems to match ours," Donahue con- 
tinued. "It's time we spent as much 
time and effort being sure that they live 
up to that philosophy in their voting, 
in their committee work, in speeches, 
in the work of their offices and staff, in 
their support for workers' issues." 

Donahue noted that the federation 
has set up Legislative Action Commit- 
tees in 40 congressional districts, with 
more than 5,000 trade unionists partic- 
ipating. "We're going to keep up with 
that program and keep on expanding it 
because we ought to have a cadre of 
Congress-watchers in every congres- 
sional district," he said. 

Regarding the recent Report on the 
Evolution of Work issued by an AFL- 
CIO committee he chaired, Donahue 
said, "I've seen it commented on in the 
pre^s as labor's confession of failure, 
and seen it hailed as a blueprint for the 
future. I suspect it's a bit of each of 
those things." 

The report, he continued, isn't a 
"blueprint for the future in the tradi- 
tional sense. Rather, it's intended to 
provoke thought and discussion on all 
issues confronting our unions and to 
stimulate the boundless energies and 

Conferees, above, 
at the recent AFL- 
CIO Industrial 
Union Depart- 
ment's Legislative 
Conference in 
Washington, D.C. 
WD leaders, right 
testify before a 
Congressional sub- 

ideas of the hundreds of thousands of 
trade union leaders and activists across 
the country." 

"In my view, most importantly," 
Donahue said, "it speaks to our need 
to increase members' participation in 
their unions and to ensure that they are 
educated, not just in its history and 
past but in its future, and to ensure that 

they play their individual role in build- 
ing that future and making it success- 

Outlining the lUD's legislative agenda. 
lUD President Howard D. Samuel said 
the issues of ' 'trade, plant closings, and 
workplace safety are vital to the jobs 

Continued on Page 10 

Vs VS Cement Production Capacity 
Bought Up by Foreign Corporations 

Representatives of trade unions which 
represent workers worldwide in the ce- 
ment industry have agreed in a meeting 
in Geneva, Switzerland,!© approach their 
employers on behalf of workers at Amer- 
ican cement plants owned by the foreign 

A delegation of American labor leaders 
asked their overseas counterparts for 
assistance in halting the breakdown of 
what had been 40 years of constructive 
labor relations in their industry. During 
the past five years, about one third of 
the U.S. cement production capacity has 
been bought up by foreign corporations. 
Among the largest are Heidelberger Ze- 
ment of Germany, which now owns the 
huge Lehigh Portland Cement Company, 
France's LaFarge, which purchased 
General Portland Cement, and Holder- 
bank of Switzerland, which now controls 
several American companies. Multina- 
tionals in Belgium. Italy, Sweden and the 
United Kingdom are also now the parent 
companies for American cement work- 

The conference was organized by the 
International Federation of Chemical, 
Energy and General Workers' Unions 
(ICEF). an international federation of 
over 200 democratic unions from 73 

Richard A. Northrip of the Cement 
Division of the International Brother- 
hood of Boilermakers. Iron Ship Build- 
ers. Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers 

told delegates from cement unions around 
the world that the U.S. Cement Employ- 
ers Association has embarked on "a clear 
program to break our unions." He charged 
that "These foreign multinationals have 
united forces with their domestic allies 
here to capitalize on the climate created 
by the Reagan administration which en- 
courages employers to try to destroy 
long-standing collective bargaining rela- 

The ICEF delegates unanimously agreed 
to support the U.S. cement workers by 
exerting pressure on their European em- 
ployers. In some cases, the European 
unions hold seats on the boards of com- 
panies whose workers they represent. 

"Ours is a global industry." said Peter 
Evans, national secretary of the Trans- 
port and General Workers Union of the 
United Kingdom. Evans, who co-chaired 
the Geneva meeting with Northrip, said. 
"An attack on American cement workers 
is an attack on the 6 million workers 
affiliated with the ICEF." 

According to Elmer Chatak. secretary- 
treasurer of the Industrial Union De- 
partment (AFL-CIO) and a member of 
the U.S. delegation, "The cement indus- 
try refuses to bargain toward a fair and 
equitable labor agreement despite efforts 
by union negotiators to work with man- 
agement in this troubled industry in such 
areas as wages, insurance coverage, and 
contract language." 

APRIL, 1985 

Industrial Union Contract Analysis 
Shows Union Bargainers Hold Their Own 

At the WD conference with House Major- 
ity Leader Jim Wright. (D-Tex). center, 
are, from left. Business Rep. Roggio. NYC 
Council President Clayton, Business Rep. 
Ricciardo. and Assl. Business Rep. Mar- 

Continued from Page 9 

and standards of our members." 

An lUD-backed bill to ban the import 
of the cancer-causing industrial chem- 
ical benzidine has been introduced by 
Rep. Donald Pease (D-Ohio). The leg- 
islation is aimed at sparking a world- 
wide ban on the chemical, which has 
been identified as a major cause of 
bladder cancer. 

Another bill, the High Risk Occu- 
pational and Environmental Disease 
Notification and Management Program, 
"would require workers at risk to be 
informed of possible consequences, and 
would provide them medical measures 
to protect themselves," Samuel said. 
The bill was introduced by Rep. Joseph 
M. Gaydos{D-Pa.). 

A plant closing bill to cushion work- 
ers and communities from the devas- 
tating effects of sudden plant shutdowns 
has been drafted by Reps. William Clay 
(D-Mo.), Silvio Conte (R-Mass.), and 
William D. Ford (D-Mich.). 

The proposed Trade Law Moderni- 
zation Act was drafted by the Labor- 
Industry Council for International Trade, 
composed of representatives from 10 
unions and nine corporations. The bill, 
which is gathering broad bipartisan sup- 
port in Congress, would provide tougher 
and quicker remedies for illegal "dump- 
ing" of foreign goods and for retaliation 
against countries that "target" U.S. 
industries by subsidizing their own in- 

The bill also would require "reci- 
procity" from foreign governments to 
open their markets to U.S. goods in 
exchange for their open access to the 
U.S. market. In addition, special "tem- 
porary protection" from imports would 
be given to industries to modernize and 
develop "a strategy to enhance com- 

Steelworkers President Lynn Wil- 
liams told the conference, "I think it is 
historic that we have a unified position 
on the trade issue — unity within the 
labor movement and significant partic- 
ipation from employers." 

An analysis of major industrial union con- 
tracts negotiated in recent months confirms 
that job security has become a key issue for 
American workers, according to Howard D. 
Samuel, president of the AFL-CIO Industrial 
Union Department. 

The survey, the ninth in a series of biennial 
studies, examined 100 major contracts span- 
ning American industry. Firms ranging from 
apparel and textiles to transportation, mining 
to building maintenance, were examined. In 
each case, contracts were selected because 
they have tended to be bellweather agree- 
ments within their respective industries. 

The study reflects agreements negotiated 
during a period in which unions were per- 
ceived to have lost ground in many areas of 
contractual relations — but a reading of the 
survey points to the stability of contracts 
over recent years, and an increase in many 
non-monetary benefits. 

One area in which bargainers have made 
significant gains is in contractual response 
to what the survey identifies as "major 
technological change, work transfer, or clos- 
ing." Seventy-five percent of the surveyed 
agreements contain some provision in this 
area. Seventy percent of the surveyed agree- 
ments contain limits on subcontracting and 
over half call for severance pay, with in- 
creasing emphasis on provisions which call 
for such things as the right to in-plant trans- 
fers in response to permanent layoffs and 
plant closings. 

Other findings include the following: 

Paid Holidays — More than half of the con- 
tracts call for at least II paid holidays per 
year, continuing a trend which saw only 18% 
at that level in 1971, and 31% a decade ago. 
Over one third of the contracts now provide 
12 or more holidays. 

Vacations — Almost half of the agreements 
surveyed now provide for five weeks of 
vacation annually, with 30 agreements (30%) 
allowing up to six weeks. In a 1974 survey, 
only 15 contracts (about 14% of the agree- 

ments surveyed) allowed that much vaca- 

Leaves of Absence — ;Most clauses covering 
leaves of absence were unchanged from the 
department's prior survey, although there 
was a noticeable increase in the number that 
grant unpaid maternity leave. Of the 100 
contracts analyzed for our survey released 
in January 1982. 41% called for unpaid med- 
ical leave, contrasted with 49% in the re- 
cently completed survey. 

Union Security — Union security remains a 
high priority in this era of union-busting 
consultants and an NLRB which is perceived 
as anti-union. The 1984 survey shows a slight 
increase in union shops, up to 63% of the 
total from 61% in the 1980 and 1982 analyses. 

Cost of Living — Fifty-six percent of the 
contracts examined had COLA provisions, 
down slightly from 60% two years ago. 
However, the number with a cap on the 
amount of cost-of-living adjustment had 
dropped dramatically, from 55.5% in 1980 
to 44.6 % this year. 

Shift Differentials — Shift differential pay 
remains high, an item that appears in 90% 
of the agreements. The majority of contracts 
with such a provision provide between 20 
and 30 cents per hour additional for the 
second shift, up from a typical 10-20 cent 
add-on only four years ago. 

Wage rates as such are not compared in 
lUD surveys because the actual meaning of 
job titles, descriptions, and content vary so 
widely between industries. 

"There is no question that American in- 
dustry has problems," Samuel commented, 
"and there is no question that we are willing 
to work with management to keep American 
industry alive, but we have a primary obli- 
gation to represent the best interests of our 
members — and this study shows that we 
have, in fact, been successful in doing so." 
are not satisfactory," he claims, although 
he doubts that most companies are violating 
the agreement in the council's jurisdiction. 

Foreign Trade Union Leaders Study UBC Methods 

To encourage democratic trade union practices in other nations, the U.S. Department of 
Labor and other federal agencies sponsor visits to the United States of foreign trade 
union leaders for special study and exchange programs. One such group of labor 
representatives from Bolivia, Cape Verde, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Para- 
guay sat down at the General Offices for discussions with General Secretary John 
Rogers, First General Vice President Sigurd Lucassen, and Second General Vice Presi- 
dent Anthony Ochocki. 



Many Retail Chains Go Non-Union Construction, UNLESS . . . 

The UBC Organizing Department is taking 
a close look at recent trends in the retail 
chain department store industry. Several 
large users are projecting broad expansion, 
renovation, and new construction projects, 
creating millions of work-hours traditionally 
done by UBC members. Too often we are 
starting to see an increase in non-union 
contractors, department store employees, 
and sometimes other crafts doing our work. 

Companies which have typically catered 
to middle and low-income earners are sus- 
ceptible to consumer boycott pressure. One 
such firm is K-Mart Corporation. According 
to K-Mart's 1983 Securities and Exchange 
Commission lOK report, "over the next five 
years capital commitment [to new projects 
and renovation] will exceed $2.0 billion." 

On June 6, 1984, UBC President Pat 
Campbell sent out some 734 survey forms 
regarding K-Mart and Montgomery Ward's 
local construction activities. We received 
167 responses. The resulting data indicated 
K-Mart used UBC signatory contractors 
only slightly better than half the time. The 
survey data also showed no pattern of union 
vs. non-union construction according to any 
particular geographic region. Most impor- 
tantly, in nearly 60% of the reported in- 
stances where our members engaged in a 
lawful publicity campaign against non-union 
construction of K-Mart's projects they've 
ended up with a contract. 

Carpenters in the Fifth District have been 
especially hard hit by K-Mart's non-union 
construction practices. In Iowa, Minnesota, 
and the Dakotas. one non-union firm has 
recently landed 8 of 13 K-Mart projects 
formerly done by union firms. Apparently, 
on many of these projects, the bid differences 
(union vs. non-union) were not appreciable. 

C-VOC members and carpenters in Bis- 
marck, Minot, and Fargo, ND; Sioux Falls, 
SD; and Willmar and Moorehead, Minn., 
have undertaken a long range leaflet cam- 
paign to inform the public that K-Mart's 
contractors are using substandard. non-AFL- 
CIO wage earners to undercut established 
local economic conditions. Bismarck, ND, 
Local 1091 business representatives report 
the leaflet campaign has been a rejuvenating 
experience for participating members. 

"People around here haven't seen much 

of this before. The response from the general 

Continued on Page 32 




Clip and mail to: Organizing Dept., United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of 
America, 101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001 

A>'\.^^ .J'U"^ 


The Following Stores in 
In My Area: 

Sears Roebuck & Co. 

K-Mart Corp. 

*Pay Less Drugs 

J. C. Penny Co. 


F. W. Woolworth 
*Kinney Shoes 

"Target Stores 
May Dept. Stores 
Kings Dept. Stores 

G. C. Murphy Co. 
TG&Y Stores 
ShopKo Stores 

Other Major Dept. Store 

Additional Comments: 

«»%>.,e^^^^ >' 

















Projects in My Area: 

n a 

D D 
D D 







* large subsidiary of 
above-listed company 


Local Union 
City, State _ 












Ani-union forces, led by the National Right to 
Work Committee, are pulling out all stops in their 
legislative campaign to harass unions and weaken 
workers' rights. • 

Part of this effort involves an attempt to amend a 
federal anti-extortion law — known as the Hobbs 
Act — to make union members criminally liable for 
any acts of violence that occur during a lawful 

The bill (S.300) would single out union members 
for even minor picket line offenses. At the same 
time, the law would shield management from similar 
penalties even if they instigate an incident. 

This change in the law would do serious damage 
to the labor movement: 

• It could be used to deny striking workers their 
right to picket and engage in lawful activity. 

• It would promote, not prevent, strike-related 
violence. Employers could easily use hired guns to 
provoke union members into committing wrongful 

• It would impose harsh penalties for minor of- 

This would turn the Act into a tool to break 
strikes, jail union members and bust unions. 

Passage of the bill would also place federal 
agencies, like the FBI, in the role of policing strikes 
and change the very nature of labor relations. 

Courts have always said that the Hobbs Act was 
not intended to apply to strike situations, but the 
hararassment continues. 


Four Senators have taken new seats on the im- 
portant Senate Labor and Human Resources Com- 

Democratic additions are newly-elected Senators 
John Kerry (D-Mass.) and Paul Simon (D-lll.). Si- 
mon compiled an impressive labor voting record 
during his ten years in the House of Representa- 
tives. Kerry is the former Lt. Gov. of Massachusetts. 

Joining the Republicans are Sen. Strom Thur- 
mond (R.-S.C.) and Sen. Malcom Wallop (R.-Wyo). 
Both are right-wing conservatives who have consist- 
ently voted against workers' interests. 


An Internal Revenue Code section that has pro- 
vided tax-free educational assistance for seven mil- 
lion American workers has been so successful it 
should be made a permanent part of the tax code, 
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D.-N.Y.) said re- 

Sen. Moynihan, joined by Sen. Steven Symms 
(R.-ld.) and nine other co-sponsors, introduced the 
Employee Educational Assistance Act of 1 985, to 
make permanent the provisions of Section 1 27 of 
the Internal Revenue Code, otherwise due to expire 
on December 31, 1985. 

"Section 127 has made the benefits of educa- 
tional advancement more readily available to work- 
ing Americans," Sen. Moynihan said in a statement. 
"Its benefits are unquestioned. It should be made 

A companion measure was introduced in the 
House 01 Representatives by Rep. Frank J. Guarini 
(D.-N.J.), who noted that employee participation in 
education assistance programs is three times 
greater when employers are not required to with- 
hold income tax on the value of the education. 


The Trade Adjustment Assistance program the 
Administration wants to kill off "is needed more 
than ever," AFL-CIO Legislative Director Ray Deni- 
son has told Congress. 

The existing program of cash benefits, training, 
job search help, and relocation allowances is 
scheduled to expire in September, and the Adminis- 
tration opposes its renewal. 

Ending the program would be a double blow to 
the workers affected, Denison said in a letter to 
Rep. Sam Gibbons (D-Fla.), chairman of a House 
Ways & Means subcomittee on trade. Workers who 
"lost their jobs due to U.S. trade policies will now 
lose adjustment aid because of U.S. budget poli- 


"The AFL-CIO is outraged at the Reagan Admin- 
istration's political use of the Hatch Act,' AFL-CIO 
President Lane Kirkland has stated. "A law in- 
tended to protect federal and postal workers from 
political exploitation by their supervisors has been 
turned upside down — with Reagan Administration 
officials attempting to protect themselves from vot- 
ers who happen to be members of federal and 
postal unions. 

"This prosecution strikes at the most basic princi- 
ple of free association. Unions, like all other organi- 
zations in this society, have the right to speak out 
for candidates for political office without being sub- 
ject to government reprisals. The Reagan Adminis- 
tration's misuse of the Hatch Act is merely the most 
recent example of its hostility to the rights of unions 
and their members. 

"The labor movement has long taken the position 
that the Hatch Act is bad public policy because 
each citizen — including each federal and postal em- 
ployee — should be encouraged to participate in 
public affairs. The Reagan Administration's attempt 
to apply that Act to union officers who are on long- 



term, unpaid leaves of absence from the federal 
governments stretches the law far beyond all ra- 
tional limits. The obvious intent of these prosecu- 
tions is not to protect the integrity of the public 
service but to limit the right of leaders of the largest 
unions in the federal sector to serve their members. 

"The AFL-CIO stands ready to do all it can to 
help Kenneth Blaylock, Vincent Sombrotto, and 
Moe Biller fight this misuse of federal law." 


Sen. Lowell Weicker Jr., R-Conn., Chairman of 
the Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health 
and Human Services, Education and Related Agen- 
cies, today began the panel's review of the Admin- 
istration's 1986 budget proposal, criticizing planned 
efforts to reduce Department of Labor spending by 
eliminating the Job Corps. 

"The dollar amounts of the size usually con- 
fronted by this Subcommittee by themselves sel- 
dom represent an accurate picture of human 
needs," stated Sen. Weicker, pointing out that the 
Subcommittee last year approved spending of 
$101.3 billion for the agencies under its jurisdiction. 
"And it is meeting human needs that this Subcom- 
mittee, perhaps more than any other, must address. 
We will determine in these hearings what the dollar 
amounts in these voluminous budget books actually 
portend for Americans seeking healthier, more pro- 
ductive and more fulfilling lives." 

Undersecretary Ford B. Ford, currently acting 
Secretary of Labor, was the primary witness at the 
hearings. He defended the Administration's $8.45 
billion budget request for 1986, which includes no 
funds for the Job Corps. This residential program, 
which costs $617 million in the current fiscal year, 
provides youths ineligible for any other type of fed- 
eral aid with job training and placement services. 
Ford and the Administration maintain that the pro- 
gram is not cost-effective and that other federal and 
state programs serve the same purpose. 

Weicker pointed out that while an individual "slot" 
for a Corps participant costs $15,000 per year, sev- 
eral individuals may occupy that position in a given 
year. Thus, a more accurate figure for the cost of 
each participant is $5,252, a number the Adminis- 
tration has used but does not highlight. Further, 
Weicker acknowledged Ford's statement that only 
35% of the program's participants complete the pro- 
gram, but added that another 28% are placed for 
further education. Finally, the Chairman empha- 
sized that the program serves children who are 
dramatically different than those aided by Adminis- 
tration-backed programs, such as the Job Training 
Partnership Act (JTPA). 

"The Job Corps is a cut below the JTPA," said 
Weicker. "Here, we are dealing with youngsters 
from backgrounds of broken homes, alcohol, drugs, 
and arrests ... the toughest part of society to deal 
with. That's the Job Corps. 

"This is another instance in which savings are 
being achieved this year at a staggering out-year 
cost. My job is not to create crises, but anticipate 

Ford indicated that no action to close the 107 Job 
Corps centers around the country will be taken until 
Congress acts, and Sen. Weicker told him that the 
odds are against Congress' terminating the Job 

In The News 

'Ultimate' Project 

"Outside of building a skyscraper," says Robert N. Henderson 
of Cleveland, Ohio, a 45-year member of Local 105 and a pilot 
during World War II, "this airplane has to be the ultimate 
construction project!" 

"This airplane" is a Christen Eagle acrobatic which Henderson 
and his son built from 28 kits in about 2000 hours. A world-class 
unlimited aerobatic plane, it has a 200 horsepower engine, and oil 
and fuel systems capable of unlimited inverted flight. The plane 
is also certified for every aerobatic maneuver and FAA approved. 

Many techniques he had developed in framing houses and doing 
layout work were useful to Henderson in the project. The wings 
of this flying machine have spruce spars and ribs covered with 
stitched fabric covering. Flying wires give 12 G strength, making 
Robert Henderson's project one of the strongest planes in the sky. 

LaPorte Member Saves Child 

Leslie "Skip" Wilkey, a member of Local 1485, LaPorte. Ind.. 
for over two decades, was recently m the limelight in his local 
newspaper. The Times, of New Buffalo, Mich., for his lifesaving 

Wilkey, a volunteer emergency medical technician, had changed 
his plans for a Saturday hunting trip and was at home when one- 
year-old Jason McColly and his frantic mother came running to 
his door for help. Wilkey said he used mouth-to-mouth resusci- 
tation to revive the child, who had stopped breathing after he 
slipped into a bathtub. 

"I'd decided against going deer-hunting that day," said Wilkey. 
"I had been thinking about going hunting all week. I guess the 
good Lord was looking after that boy." According to Wilkey. the 
near-drowning occurred shortly before noon when the boy's 
mother, who had been bathing another child, left the bathroom to 
get the child's clothes. Justin, who was fully dressed, got into the 
tub and slipped under the surface. The mother and her father 
didn't know what to do, but were aware that Wilkey was an EMT. 
They ran to his house, two doors away, with Justin. There was 
no pulse, and the child was not breathing. Within 90 seconds after 
Wilkey began mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, Justin was breathing 
on his own. 

Bey Loses to Larry Holmes 

David Bey, a member of Piledrivers Local 454, Philadelphia, 
Pa., lost to World Heavyweight Champ Larry Holmes in that title 
bout in Las Vegas, March 15, which we reported in our March 
issue. Holmes scored a TKO in the 10th round and announced his 

APRIL, 1985 



In an effort to increase the safety knowledge of 
its members, Ontario millwrights and its employers 
have decided to set up a new accident prevention 
education program. 

When the program comes on-line this fall, the 
millwright industry will become the second trade in 
Ontario to offer this type of program. In 1983, the 
electrical industry set up the first accident preven- 
tion education program. 

Ted Ryan, secretary-treasurer of the Millwrights 
District Council of Ontario, said the council and the 
Association of Millwrighting Contractors of Ontario 
Inc. are currently establishing the joint committee 
which will work with the Construction Safety Associ- 
ation of Ontario (CSAO) to develop and administer 
the program. 


More than 5.6 million people lived in poverty last 
year, according to calculations by Liberal Senator 
David Croll based on a formula adopted by the 
Senate committee on poverty in the 1970s. 

The Senate formula is different from that used by 
Statistics Canada to calculate the number of people 
living in poverty. 

Statistics Canada announced last year that al- 
most 4.3 million people, or 17.8% of the population, 
fell below the poverty line. 

The Senate poverty level is about 50% of the 
average Canadian income, adjusted for family size, 
inflation, and gross national product. 

The Statistics Canada formula says that families 
spending 62% or more of their income on food, 
housing, and shelter live in straitened circum- 
stances. As well, the Statistics Canada poverty line 
varies according to the size of the community in 
which a family lives. 

According to CroH's figures, more than one mil- 
lion, or 40.3% of, single people fell below the Sen- 
ate poverty line. 

For families of two or more people, there were 
1.4 million families, or 21.8% of the total, living 
below the poverty line, according to Croll's calcula- 
tions. Statistics Canada showed almost one million 
families, or 14.6%. 


The common front of unions representing 
360,000 public service workers in Quebec has de- 
manded a meeting with Premier Rene Levesque 
and has planned a day of protest against legislation 
to change the way labor contracts are negotiated. 

"The elements are there for a real debate be- 
tween us on the system of negotiation," common 
front spokesman Robert Gaulin, an advisor to the 
Centrale de I'Enseignement teachers' union, told 
Mr. Levesque in a recent letter. 

The letter was sent as representatives of 19 labor 
organizations met in the provincial capital. The 
common front was formed in December after Treas- 
ury Board President Michel Clair announced legisla- 
tion was being drafted to modify the way contracts 
with public service workers are negotiated. 

The legislation, which would ban strikes on mon- 
etary issues, is aimed at ending the cycle of con- 
frontation, strikes and imposed contracts that have 
plagued negotiations every three years since the 
existing system began 20 years ago. 

The last round of negotiations, in 1 982, ended 
when the Government cut salaries, banned strikes 
for three years and imposed contracts on the public 
servants. The contracts expire in December. 

The legislation also would transfer negotiation of 
non-monetary issues to the local level where dis- 
putes would be settled by mediators or arbitrators. 


Employment minister Flora MacDonald unveiled 
the Tories' employment and training agenda as the 
centrepiece of a recent meeting of First Ministers in 

The new training strategy enshrines the following 

• Lifelong training and development will be the 
new Tory philosophy. Job creation and training pro- 
grams will be re-worked to reflect this. Employees 
facing major, mid-career disruptions as the result of 
technological change should be the main beneficia- 
ries, but it's also expected to pay off for school 
leavers and those who periodically want to upgrade 
their skills for the same job. 

• This emphasis on "lifetime learning" is likely to 
mean more and more workforce disruptions as em- 
ployees move in and out of the corporate world. 
Consequently, MacDonald's officials foresee a 
much larger role for the private sector in devising 
(and helping to pay for) training programs. The un- 
derlying message from the Tories is that employers 
should not rely so much on Ottawa to solve their 
own training difficulties. 

• To help pay for a lifetime training system, 
MacDonald will likely have to look for cuts in some 
of her department's four main training progams, 
particularly those devoted to the development of 
basic job skills such as language and arithmetic. 
She is also thinking about shifting some of the $1 
billion direct job creation program budget into train- 
ing schemes. 

Organized labor, including McCambly's group, fa- 
vors a grant-levy system under which all busi- 
nesses would be taxed to pay for a national training 
scheme. Only those companies that trained their 
employees would then be eligible for grants. 



Delta Tools Fights 
Taiwan Counterfeits 

In an effort to restrict the unlawful imports 
of Taiwanese copies of its woodworl<ing 
machines into the United States market. 
Delta International Machinery Corp. (for- 
merly Rockwell International Power Tool 
Division), located in Pittsburgh, Penn., pro- 
ceeded with an action before the Interna- 
tional Trade Commission. On February 6, 
1985, Judge James Timony rendered an in- 
itial determination in Delta's favor on all 
issues tried by Delta in the action. 

The Judge's decision found that a number 
of Taiwanese manufacturers and domesrte 
importers have been violating Delta's trade- 
mark and patent rights by manufacturing and 
marketing facsimile copies of Delta's prod- 
ucts in the U.S. market. J. R. Collins, 
President of Delta International Machinery 
Corp., also advised that settlement agree- 
ments have been achieved with numerous 
foreign manufacturers and domestic import- 
ers, and that consent orders have been issued 
by the ITC which will require changes to 
the import products so that they do not 
resemble the distinct appearance of Delta's 
product line. The ITC action involved issues 
of trademark infringement, patent infringe- 
ment, and other acts of unlawful competition 
which have resulted in lost sales of several 
of Delta's products. 

The Judge's decision is now awaiting a 
response from Commissioners of the ITC. 
According to W. E. Bair, Vice President of 
Sales, Delta is seeking a general exclusionary 
order barring the import into the United 
States of all infringing woodworking ma- 

Delta International Machinery Corp., a 
subsidiary of Pentair, Inc., of St. Paul Minn., 
manufactures a complete line of machinery 
for use in industry, building and construction 
trades, schools, and home shops. 

Labor Songfest 
Set For May 12-14 

This year's Great Labor Song Exchange 
will be held May 12-14 at the George Meany 
Studies Center in Silver Spring, Md., near 
Washington, D.C. 

Last year, more than 50 union members 
from across the country participated in 
workshops which included the history of 
labor music, songwriting, and skit-producing 
around the themes of build the union and 
support the picket line. Activities included 
song swaps, informal jam sessions, and a 
concert by the participants. 

"You don't have to be a musician" to 
take part, said labor singer-songwriter Joe 
Glazer, who helped start the Labor Song 
Exchange in 1979. "If you can write, sing, 
or hum a labor tune, we invite you to attend 
this unique event," he said. 

Union members are urged to ask their 
unions to sponsor their attendance. For 
registration forms and further information, 
write the Labor Heritage Foundation. 815 
16th St., N.W., Room 301, Washington, 
D.C. 20006. 

'American unions 
believe in growtli' 

George Will, the conservative com- 
mentator and columnist, is often on 
the opposite side of issues from labor 
unions. One of his recent commen- 
taries, however, is of interest to union 
members. It was broadcast March 4 
on ABC World News Tonight: 

ANNOUNCER: From ABC News, this 
is World News Tonight with Peter 
Jennings . . . 

JENNINGS: Our commentator, George 
Will, is with us this evening and he 
has some comments about unions on 
both sides of the Atlantic. George. 

WILL: Peter, Mrs. Thatcher, ob- 
viously, has been very lucky in the 
enemies that history has handed her. 
First, the Argentine generals, then 
now a man like Mr. Scargill. But this 
is a night, perhaps, for Americans to 
think how lucky we are in the kind 
of labor unions we have. 

British unions are, strictly speak- 
ing, many of them, reactionary. They 
don't believe in economic growth, 
they're afraid of change, they want 
to argue about how to carve the eco- 
nomic pie. American unions believe 
in growth by and large and want to 
bake a bigger pie. 

It's a mystery to me, Peter, why 
so many conservative American busi- 
nessmen complain about American 
unions. The principal effect of Amer- 
ican unions has been to increase the 
purchasing power of American men 
and women. What do they buy? They 
buy what conservative American 
businessmen are selling. In the 1930s, 
we had a great many radical unionists 
in this country. Now, thanks to the 
unions, they have the money to buy 
a home in the suburb, maybe a cottage 
by the lake, a camper to drive to and 
from their home and their cottage, 

JENNINGS: George, let me ask you 
a question. How much do you think 
this has to do with the fact that we 
are one class, essentially, in this coun- 
try and Britain is really still divided 
very much into two clases? 

WILL: I think it has a great deal to 
do with that, Peter, but again I think 
American labor unions get a large 
share of the credit for making us a 
middle-class country. 

JENNINGS: George, thank you very 
much, indeed , , , 

Highlights of last year's Song Exchange 
were videotaped and the tape is available 
for viewing by local unions or members with 
VHS equipment. Write Carpenler magazine 
for information regarding the loan of the 

Shared Ownership 
for High-Tech Firms 

A new study by the National Center for 
Employee Ownership indicates that high- 
tech companies that share ownership with 
most or all of their employees grow two to 
four times as fast as high-tech firms in which 
employees do not own stock. The study, 
commissioned by the National Venture Cap- 
ital Association, confirms previous studies 
that also show the employee ownership is 
associated with corporate success. 

The study was based on survey results 
from 364 electronics and computer industry 
firms. The companies provided sales and 
employment data from 1978 through 1984 
(or from when they started until the present, 
if they started after 1978). These results 
produced median annual sales growth rates 
and median annual employment growth rates. 
The companies were then divided into those 
firms that provided ownership primarily to 
management and other key employees, those 
that provided ownership to at least half the 
employees, and those that did not provide 
any employee ownership. 

The median sales growth rates of the 
companies with the broadest employee own- 
ership was 89%/yr., while the median em- 
ployment growth rate was 79%/yr. The com- 
panies with no employee ownership, by 
contrast, had a sales growth rate of 45% and 
an employment growth rate of 20%. Com- 
panies that made ownership available only 
to key employees had growth rates some- 
what below the no ownership firms. 

Helping Hands 
Now $168,000 

At last report, the United Brotherhood's 
charitable fund. Helping Hands, had reached 
$167,966.83 in total contnbutions. Funds are 
still being received at the General Office in 
Washington. D.C, addressed to Helping 
Hands, United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. 

Among the recent contributors are the 

Local 7, H.V, Forsen 

Local 8, Paul and Elizabeth Anderson 

Local 22. Ed and Fran Vella 

Local 230. James Joyce 

Local 296, K. Wm. and Agnes Thorden 

Local 3.59, Harvey Heinly 

Local 1401, Michael Popiela 

Local 1752, Alex Molina 

Local 1889. Sieve Putlroff 

Local 2264, Ed Miaiki 

Local 1281. Anton Shosten 

Local 2250, Harry A. Nielsen 

Daniel Somers 

Susan Louise Deroos 

Covert (Yuma. Ariz.) 

Paul ZIokas 

Paul and Kathleen Peck 

George and Patricia Barnes 

Alice Blinzley 

Robert Hayes 

Wm. and Rosemary Harrington 

Gary and Maria Cocker 

Frances Bivens 

Donations can be sent lo Carpenters 
Helping Hands, Inc.. 101 Conslilttiion 
Ave.. N.W.. Washin'Jlon. D.C. 20001. 

APRIL, 1985 



M~UBG^ouncils Promote Union-Built Homes 

A growing "affordability gap" 
throughout the nation is affecting the 
ability of middle and low-income fam- 
ilies to purchase homes. Between 1908 
and 1984, new housing and mobile home 
units built were far below the level of 
need, as the number of new units av- 
eraged only 1.5 million per year. 

In order to make up for the units that 
were lost to demolition and other causes, 
to allow for population shifts, and to 
make up for units not built in the last 
recession, about 2.1 million homes and 
apartments must be built per year in 
the remaining years of the 80s. And this 
is a minimal number. However in 1984. 
high mortgage interest rates slowed 
housing sales, leading to a decline in 
homebuilding, and increasing the 
squeeze of the housing crunch. 

Yet the current U.S. Administration 
seeks additional cuts in housing and 
community development programs that 
would set back needed growth in the 
supply, intensifying the national hous- 
ing problem in future years. The results 
of this situation are far-reaching, but 
most carpenters don't need to reach 
very far to feel the crunch. They are 
being hit in their homes — the homes 
they build, that is. 

In reaction to the rising prices and 
unaffordable mortgage rates, many con- 
sumers are turning to non-union-built 
homes, finding their lower prices more 
attractive. Of course, they may not be 
cognizant of the fact that these lower 
prices are possible because lower qual- 
ity materials and workmanship are being 
used in construction. 

Across the country UBC locals are 
finding this kind of competition, and 
gearing up to fight it with their best 
weapon — an educated buyer. One local 
discovered the success of leaflets that 
outline specific problems consumers 
should be aware of when inspecting a 
home. For another local a picket line 
was effective in bringing some non- 
union contractors to the union side, and 
getting them to sign an area union 
agreement. Still others have discovered 
that merely spreading the word about 
quality union contractors and construc- 
tion benefits has paid off. In any case, 
the picture is clear — we need to remind 
our neighbors, our customers, that union- 
built homes are the best buy. 

A truth that needs to be shared with 
the public is the percentage of purchase 
price that actually goes to labor costs. 
Many buyers feel that buying a non- 

union home will save them big money, 
but, in fact, the labor costs are only a 
small fraction of the total cost. Since 
1949 when on-site labor and material 
costs were a booming 45% of a new 
home's cost, they dropped to 22.5% in 
1969 and are now about 12%. The price 
of land and interest costs are driving 
new home prices up, not labor. We may 
know this, but consumers may not, and 
they may not realize what their labor 
dollars are going for — thoroughly trained 
craftsmen, who are state certified. 

From Southern California to the Twin 
Cities, from Chicago to St. Louis, up 
and down the country, members are 
gathering information and promoting 
their work to the public. The Chicago 
and Northeast Illinois District Council 
recently scored a victory through its 
efforts to inform consumers and pro- 
mote union-built homes. Called the 
"Parade of Action," they set out to 
assert the cause of organized labor: "A 
fair honest wage for quality construc- 
tion," During the Parade of Homes, 
sponsored by the Homebuilders Asso- 
ciation of Greater Chicago and the 
Northern Illinois Homebuilders Asso- 
ciation, local members stood by, hand- 
ing out leaflets and buttons that told the 

During Chicago's Parade of Homes, many potential buyers were greeted by union members advocating the value of their work. UBC 
members were involved in their own parade, the Parade of Action. This effort paid off— most buyers quickly saw the advantages of 
union construction. 


70,000 attendees which homes were 
buih by union craftsmen. As a special 
attraction, each day an airplane soared 
through the skies advising those watch- 
ing to "Buy Union Built Homes." The 
plane attracted many more potential 
home buyers to the event. 

The results of these efforts were well 
worth it. The Chicago Tribune, the Home 
Builders Association, and the local union 
all conducted surveys showing that 
union-built homes far out-ranked those 
that were not. In the Tribune poll, the 
top five homes were union built. The 
public only needed some information 
to make the right choice, and the local 
unions provided it. 

With fewer families owning their own 
homes — a recent Department of Health 
and Human Services Consumer Fi- 
nances Survey revealed that only 60% 
of American families owned in 1983, 
down from 65% in 1977 — and govern- 
ment efforts to cut housing develop- 
ment, we must take a stand for our- 
selves. UBC members must not just 
build homes, but promote their prod- 
ucts and their value. Consumers in the 
know chose the best value — a union- 
built home. 

Members take to the streets to show 
consumers the quality and value 
offered by skilled craftsmen. 

Twin Cities Council 
Helps Buyers Beware 

Do the doors and windows rattle, bind, squeak, 
fail to latch, drag, warp, or leak? Do the floors or 
stairs creak, sag, or shake when walked upon? 
Are there cracks in block walls, basement and 
garage floors, front steps, patio, sidewalks, apron, shelves, cabinets, 
or trim? On the wall and ceiling surfaces are there nail pops, visible 
joint lines, stains, water marks, cracks, or trowel marks? 

Thanks to the efforts of the Twin Cities Carpenters District Coun- 
cil of Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., over the past two years, con- 
sumers in the Minneapolis area can shop more knowledgeably for a 
new home. And, armed with this success, the council is preparing for 
its third year at the Twin Cities Parade of Homes. The Parade 
showcases new homes throughout the area annually. Last year and 
the year before, members of the UBC stationed themselves at var- 
ious locations to pass out full-color brochures describing the virtues 
of union-made homes, and warning prospective buyers of construc- 
tion flaws to beware of in cheaper construction. 

Since some of the homes on view are bound to be non-union and 
others union-built, the purpose of the leaflets is consumer informa- 
tion. They are a positive attempt to inform the public. They have 
also served as an organizing tool in past years, bringing seven or 
eight contractors in to talk with the union. Union construction quality 
is stressed; prospective buyers are reminded in the pamphlet that a 
home is a life-long investment, and should be buiU by trained, skilled 
craftsmen who have completed a state-certified training program. 
And included in the brochure is a list of Twin City union contractors 
and subcontractors. 

Dot the Land 

. . . as carpenters, skilled and 
amateur, await the letter carrier 

by Grover Brinkman 

The advent of spring is that magic period on 
the calendar that urges one to paint-up, fix-up, 
and clean-up the local scene. And the postal 
authorities get into the act as well, urging all 
rural mailbox owners to check their individual 
boxes, to see that they meet federal specifi- 
cations, paint them if needed, update them in 
any way to make the rural postal service even 

And that brings into focus the many "per- 
sonality mailboxes" that dot the rural highways 
of the nation, products of the owner's carpen- 

It isn't necessary to contrive a decorative 
box as shown here, but if you're inclined to 
have a mailbox that has its own personality, 
and projects your own as well. Uncle Sam 
doesn't care, provided you stay within certain 
physical specifications. 

The postal manual says that rural mailboxes 
Continued on Page 38 

1 Unbelievable, but the post started to grow! It was photographed in 

2 A chain-saw totem pole — this unusual mailbox is In Trenton, III., com- 
manding quite a bit of attention, a bit of unusual chain saw art. 

3 Near the Bollman home at Chester, III., a covered bridge spans 
Mary's River. Here it is reproduced as part of a mailbox motif. 

4 Photographed on a Western Indian reservation, this box incorporates 
a cedar stump and native woods for its design. 

5 All of the family are represented on this Midwest mailbox. 

6 An old farm grindstone is incorporated into this mailbox design at 
Rockome Gardens, Areola, III. 

7 Two boxes are incorporated here, under a protecting roof. Photo- 
graphed in Randolph County, III. 

8 Only a western rancher would dream up this one! 

9 This box, photographed at Lawrenceville, III., is typical of a farmer's 
effort to create a vision of nostalgia through his mailbox. 

10 Herman Morrill, Carmi, III., maker of huge animals out of concrete, 
uses an elephant of his creation to hold his mailbox. 

— s Deadly Game 

Kids Race Closing Garage Doors; 
21 Have Died in 13 States Since 1981 

Seafarers Endorse 
'American' Tuna 

The Seafarers International Union has 
joined with C.H.B. Foods, Inc., of Terminal 
Island, Calif., to promote a new product line 
of totally American canned tuna fish. 

SIU President Frank Drozak reported to 
the AFL-CIO Executive Council that mem- 
bers of the union had accepted a $l-an-hour 
wage rollback to be matched by the company 
to promote the new "American" brand tuna 
and narrow the market advantages enjoyed 
by foreign producers. 

Drozak reported that the company also 
will operate a fleet of unionized fishing boats 
to supply its Terminal Island cannery op- 
erations. The "American" tuna is the only 
brand packed exclusively in the continental 
United States by a national tuna company, 
he said. 

If the campaign succeeds, Drozak said, it 
could lead to the reopening of another can- 
nery that has been idle for three years, 
providing the job opportunities for an addi- 
tional 1,000 workers, it would also help 
revitalize the domestic tuna boat fleet and 
other support industries. 

Support Table 
Grape Boycott 

The United Farm Workers' campaign to 
get consumers to look for the UFW union 
label before buying table grapes has been 
endorsed by the AFL-CIO. 

The AFL-CIO Exec- 
I utive Council con- 
demned the "union- 
I busting and illegal activ- 
ities" of California 
vineyard and farm em- 
ployers who have re- 
fused to negotiate con- 
tracts with some 36,000 
UFW members. 

The heightened "em- 
ployer disregard of the 
is directly traceable to the failure of 


Governor (George) Deukmejian's Adminis- 
tration to enforce the 1975 Agricultural La- 
bor Relations Act," the council charged. 

Under Deukmejian's Administration, the 
council said, newly appointed members of 
the Agricultural Labor Relations Board have 
reversed longstanding policy decisions, en- 
forcement has been curtailed with the en- 
forcement agency's budget and staff levels 
severely cut, and services that helped farm 
workers to exercise their rights have been 

Chidren playing games with automatic 
garage doors are playing with their lives, 
government safety experts warn. In the last 
four years, 21 children have died in garage 
door accidents. 

Reconstructing the accident scenario, of- 
ficials of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety 
Commission said children activate the open 
garage door, then try to race out of the 
garage to beat the door before it closes. 
Deaths have been reported in 13 states. 

Fatalities occur when the descending door 
strikes the child, often pinning the victim to 
the ground, the agency reports. Even doors 
equipped with an automatic reverse feature 
have been involved in fatal accidents. 

Officials said children should be prohibited 
from playing in the garage unless there is 
adult supervision at all times. Apart from 
this, wall-mounted switches which activate 
the garage doors should be relocated out of 
children's reach; remote control devices used 
by the driver to engage the garage door 
mechanism should be locked in the glove 

compartment to prevent use by the children. 
Parents are reminded to review their own- 
er's manual for specific instructions on pe- 
riodically checking the automatic reverse 
function and on adjusting the sensitivity of 
the garage door mechanism. 

No Pacifiers Around The Neck 

Cornerposts on Some Baby Cribs 
IVIay Be Dangerous for Your Child 

The U.S. Consumer Product 
Safety Commission warns of a 
strangulation hazard that may exist 
with some cribs that have projec- 
tions on the cornerposts. Decora- 
tive knobs or cornerposts which 
extend above the crib end or side 
have caught clothing, necklaces, and 
pacifier cords as the child moves 
about in the comer areas of the crib. 
These knobs or posts have been 
implicated in two cases of brain 
damage and 33 deaths due to stran- 
gulation. The Commission urges that 
parents never tie pacifiers around a 
child's neck. 

Crib manufacturers, after being 
alerted to this hazard by the CPSC, 
have been working toward a vol- 
untary standard that will restrict the 
height of crib comerpost extentions 
to less than Vs inch unless the posts 
are high and the tops are out of 
reach of a child, such as where the 
posts are supports for a canopy. 
Most crib manufacturers have al- 
ready ceased to produce cribs with 
post extensions. However, there may be 
thousands of such cribs still in consumers' 
homes, at garage sales, or in second-hand 
furniture stores. 

If you already own a crib with comerpost 
extensions more than Vk inch in height, the 
Commission urges that you remove the ex- 
tensions and discard them. Some may be 
removed merely by unscrewing, while others 
may have to be sawed off and sanded smooth. 


Cornerposts project 

no more than 5/8 Inch 
above end panel. 


Decorative knobs 

present entanglement 

hazard to ctiiid climbing 

out of crib. 

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission warns of a 
strangulation hazard that may exist with some cribs that 
have projections on the cornerposts. The Commission 
urges that you remove the comerpost extensions and 
discard them. 

If you are purchasing a new or used crib, 
look for one that has comerpost extensions 
less than Va inch above the top edge of the 
end or side. 

For more information on crib safety, con- 
sumers may call the Consumer Product Safety 
Commission's toll-free-number. 800-638- 
CPSC. A teletypewriter number for the hear- 
ing impaired is 800-638-8270 (Maryland only, 

APRIL, 1985 



Who You Can Turn To 

Where can you turn when you need 
a doctor who knows about job-related 
health problems and is interested in 
helping workers? 

In many parts of the United States 
and Canada, you can now get sympa- 
thetic medical help at a workers' clinic. 

Most of these chnics have been set 
up in the past few years. Some have 
the direct backing of the central labor 
council or local unions. Whereas most 
doctors receive little training in occu- 
pational health (usually 4 hours out of 
3 years in medical school), these clinics 
have specialists who know how to relate 
disease to possible exposures in the 

The services provided by workers' 
clinics vary, but often include the fol- 

• Tests of individual workers to find ill- 
nesses and to determine whether the 
illnesses may be job-related and what 
type of doctor, if any. can provide 

• Tests of groups of workers who all work 
at the same place or in the same kind 
of work to see whether their jobs are 
causing similar health problems. 

• Advice on how job hazards can be 
controlled, or referral to experts who 
can help. 

• Advice of workers' compensation and 
other legal rights, or referral to expe- 
rienced lawyers. 

• Medical testimony in workers' compen- 
sation cases. 

The clinics give workers an alterna- 
tive to relying solely on company doc- 
tors or on family doctors who may know 
little about job-related causes of dis- 

Financing arrangements vary from 
clinic to chnic. Most rely on a combi- 
nation of insurance coverage for indi- 
vidual patients and contracts or grants 
negotiated with employers by unions or 
provided by public agencies. 

If your local is interested in helping 
to set up a workers' clinic, staff at most 
of the clinics on the list below will be 
glad to talk to you or send you infor- 

Many of the clinics listed serve a 
large geographical area, not merely the 
city in which they are located. 

This list may not be complete so you 
may also want to check with your union 
or central labor council to find out if 

there is a chnic in your area. 

Residents of coal communities can 
obtain a list of community clinics in 
their areas from the United Mine Work- 
ers Department of Occupational Health. 
900 15th Street. N.W., Washington, 
D.C. 20005. 

If you know of occupational health 

• • • 

clinics in your area that you would 
recommend, or if clinics on this list 
were not helpful, please send that in- 
formation to the UBC Department of 
Occupational Safety and Health (101 
Consitution Avenue, N.W., Washing- 
ton, D.C. 20001) so we can keep our 
list up-to-date. 



University of Alabama in Birmingham 
Department of Preventive Medicine 
University Station 
Birmingham. AL 35290 
Phone: (205) 934-3441 


Occupational Health 
Alaska Dept. of Labor 
P.O. Box 1149 
Juneau, AK 99802 
Phone: (907) 465-4855 


University of Arizona Employee 
Occupational Health Service 

Department of Family and Community 

University of Arizona Health Sciences 

Tucson, AZ 85724 

Phone: (602) 626-6709 

EPOCH Chnic 
University of Arizona 
1450 N. Cherry Avenue 
Trailer #2 
Tucson, AZ 85712 
Phone: (602)621-2211 


Occupational Health Clinic 
San Francisco General Hospital 
1001 Potrero Avenue 
San Francisco. CA 94110 
Phone: (415) 821-5391 

Barlow-U.S.C. Occupational Health 

2000 Stadium Way 
Los Angeles, CA 90026 
Phone: (213) 250-4200 

U.S.C. School of Medicine 
Preventive Medicine Dept. 
2025 Zonal Avenue 
PMB B-202 

Los Angeles. CA 90033 
Phone: (213) 224-7311 


Occupational Medicine Clinic 
National Jewish Hospital and Research 

3800 E. Colfax Avenue 
Denver. CO 80206 
Phone: (303) 398-1525 


Yale Occupational Medicine Program 
333 Cedar Street 
New Haven. CT 06510 
Phone: (203) 785-4197 


Occupational Medicine Clinic 
Cook County Hospital 
720 S. Wolcott 
Chicago. IL 60612 
Phone: (312) 633-5310 

Northwestern Memorial Hospital 
Department of Medicine 
Pulmonary Medicine — Dr. Lewis Smith 
Allergy & Immunology — Dr. Roy 

General Medicine — Dr. John Clark 
259 E, Erie 
Chicago, IL 60614 
Phone: (312) 908-2000 

Health & Medical Policy Research Group 
220 S. State Street 
Chicago. IL 60614 
Phone: (312) 922-8057 

Employee Health 
St. Mary's Hospital 
2233 W. Division 
Chicago. IL 60622 
Phone: (312) 770-3240 


Department of Preventative Medicine and 

Environmental Health 
Pulmonary and Occupational Medicine 

University of Iowa 
Iowa City, lA 52240 
Phone: (319) 353-8995 

This material has been funded in whole or in pan with Federal Funds from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. U.S. Department of Labor. 
under grant number E9F4D176. These materials do not necessarily reflect the views of policies of the U.S. Depanment of Labor, nor does mention of trade 
names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. 




Occupational Medicine Clinic 
Albert B. Chandler Medical Center 
University of Kentucky College of 

MC I29X 

Lexington, KY 40536-0084 
Phone; (606) 233-5166 

University of Kentucky Medical Center 
Pulmonary Division 
800 Rose Street 
Lexington, KY 40536 
Phone: (606) 233-5419 


Ochsner Clinic 

Riverfront Center for Occupational 

Medicine and Environmental Health 
625 Jackson Avenue 
New Orleans, LA 70130 
Phone: (504) 587-0302 


Occupational Medicine Clinic 
Baltimore City Hospital 
4940 Eastern Avenue 
Baltimore, MD 21224 
Phone: (301) 396-8058 


Occupational Health Clinic 
Norfolk County Hospital 
2001 Washington Street 
So. Braintree, MA 02184 
Phone: (617) 843-0690 

Occupational and Environmental Health 

Brigham and Women's Hospital 
721 Huntington Avenue 
Boston, MA 02115 
Phone: (617) 732-5983 

Occupational Health Program 
c/o Pulmonary Unit 
Massachusetts General Hospital 
Boston, MA 02114 
Phone: (617) 726-3735 

Occupational Medicine Clinic 
Cambridge Hospital 
1493 Cambndge Street 
Cambridge, MA 02139 
Phone: (617) 498-1024 

Occupational Health Service 
Department of Family and Community 

University of Massachusetts Medical 

55 Lake Avenue N 
Worcester, MA 01605 
Phone: (617) 856-3959 


Occupational Medicine Clinic 
Department of Environmental and 

Industrial Health 
School of Public Health 
University of Michigan 
109 S. Observatory 
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 
Phone: (313) 764-2594 


Dr. Susan Daum 
130 Kinderkanack Drive 
P.O. Box 4337 
Riveredge, NJ 07661 
Phone: (201) 487-7337 

Occupational/Environmental Disease Clinic 
New Jersey Department of Health 
Trenton, NJ 08625 
Phone: (609) 984-1863 

Occupational and Environmental Medicine 

Rutgers Medical School 
Box 101 

Piscataway, NJ 08854 
Phone: (201) 463-4771 

Occupational Medicine Group 
714 Broadway 
Patterson, NJ 07514 
Phone: (617) 684-5077 

Environmental Health Associates 
135 Raritan Center Parkway 
Edison, NJ 08837 
Phone: (201) 225-5454 


New Mexico Occupational Health Program 
Family Practice/Psychology BIdg. 
University of New Mexico School of 

Albuquerque. NM 87131 
Phone: (505) 277-3253 


Montefiore Medical Center 
Occupational Health Program 
HIE 210th Street 
Bronx, NY 10467 
Phone: (212)920-6204 

Mt. Sinai Medical Center 
Occupational Medicine Clinic 
100 St. and 5th Avenue 
New York, NY 10029 
Phone: (212) 650-6174 


Occupational Health Clinic 

University of Cincinnati Medical Center 

Mail Location 536 

234 Goodman Street 

Cincinnati, OH 45267 

Phone: (513) 872-5284 

Greater Cincinnati Occupational Health 

2450 Kipling Avenue 
Suite 103 

Cincinnati, OH 45239 
Phone: (513) 541-0561 


Occupational Health Clinic 
University Hospital Ambulatory Care 

The Oregon Health Sciences University 
3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road 
Portland, OR 97201 
Phone: (503) 225-7967 

Continued on Page 32 

Xi AcrlGti GuxJa to o'on H223-l."^. 

trs. roLff Lile- PhitUp UPo*aKoftM.D.„VLPH. 

PresB-Assocratea, IfTc: 


New Book on Job Hazards 

Readers of the Carpenter magazine are 
familiar with Dr. Phillip Polakoff s col- 
umn on health and safety. Many of his 
articles have been published in the "Con- 
sumer Clipboard." His articles are well- 
written, often explaining complex medi- 
cal concepts in easy-to-understand lan- 
guage. Now this valuable resource has 
been collected into the book Work and 
Health. It's Your Life: An Action Guide 
to Job Hazards ($7.95, Press Associates, 
Inc., Suite 632, 806 Fifteenth St.. N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20005.) 

Dr. Polakoff begins the book with a 
discussion of "Job Safety and Health 
Issues" such as accident causation, 
workers compensation, and the right to 
a safe workplace. He then reviews com- 
mon perils in the workplace from chem- 
ical hazards (asbestos, sihca, cotton dust, 
carbon monoxide, welding fumes, for- 
maldehyde, pesticides, solvents, etc.) and 
physical hazards (noise, radiation, heat 
stress, cold work, vibration, carpal tun- 
nel syndrome) to stress on the job. He 
discusses the medical aspects of how 
these hazards affect the body. Control- 
ling hazards is his next chapter which 
includes a discussion of protective equip- 
ment, air sampling, contract language, 
and health and safety committees. Lastly 
he discusses health promotion activities 
such as regular check-ups, good diet, and 
health cost containment. 

The book also includes a 25-page re- 
source section with addresses for OSHA, 
EPA, NIOSH, MSHA, and COSH groups 
(local committees on occupational safety 
and health). This covers a lot of ground 
for such a short book (200 pages), but it 
does it well. Each topic is covered clearly 
and concisely. It is one of the best general 
books on job safety and health available 
and would make a valuable addition to 
any safety and health committee library. 


APRIL, 1985 


We Need Your Opinions 

Should Your Scaffold Be Guarded? 

Scaffold safety is one of our major 
concerns at the UBC. Each year our 
members die or get seriously injured in 
scaffold accidents. Too often those 
scaffolds were not guarded. Some were 
not guarded because of inadequate at- 
tention to safety by the contractor or 
employer. Others were not guarded 
because the OSHA regulations did not 
require it. In 1971, when OSHA began, 

all scaffolds 6 ft. or higher had to be 
guarded (unless the scaffold was less 
than 42 inches wide or long, in which 
case the requirement was 4 ft.). In 1972, 
after a public hearing, the requirement 
was raised to 10 ft. As we reported last 
November, a Bureau of Labor Statistics 
study recently showed that most falls 
were from less than 10 ft. 
OSHA is now revising its scaffold 

standard. One of the issues to be ad- 
dressed is: how high should a scaffold 
be before it needs to be guarded? We 
plan on being your advocates for safer 
requirements, but we need member 
feedback. Please fill in this brief survey 
and return it to the UBC Department 
of Occupational Safety and Health, 101 
Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washing- 
ton, D.C. 20001 by May 15th. 

Scaffold Survey for the Carpenter Magazine 




Zip Code- 

Local Union # 

Industrial Construction Residential 

Shipyard (type) Commercial 


Have your ever had a scaffold accident? Yes No- 

If yes, when 19 

At what height were you working? 

less than 3 ft. 10 to 14 ft. 

3 to 4 ft. 15 to 19 ft. 

5 to 9 ft. 20 ft. or over 

Were you seriously injured? Yes No 

Did you lose time from work? Yes No 

If yes, how many days? 

Were you hospitalized? Yes No 

If yes, how many days? 

Were there proper guardrails in use at the time? 
Yes No 

If no, why not? 

not high enough 

not required by employer 


Which of the following contributed to your fall? 

lack of guardrails 

poor scaffold construction (loose or missing planks, 


weather conditions (wind, rain) 

new on the job 

slippery conditions 

scaffold not inspected prior to use 

inadequate safety training 

inadequate supervision 


Are you aware of any other scaffold accidents to your co- 

Yes No If yes, at what height were they working? 

less than 3 ft. 10 to 14 ft, 

3 to 4 ft. 15 to 19 ft. 

5 to 9 ft. 20 ft. or over 

If OSHA were to change the requirements to guarding 
scaffolds, above what height should all scaffolds be guarded? 

3 ft. 

4 ft. (requirement now if scaffold is less than 42 

inches wide or long) 

5 ft. (requirement now in shipyards) 

6 ft. (OSHA requirement in 1971-1972) 

7 ft. 

8 ft. 

9 ft. 

10 ft. (current requirement in industry or construc- 

all scaffolds regardless of height (required now for 

work over water) 

The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America is preparing a report for the National Institute 
of Occupational Safely and Health (NIOSH) which will identify the high hazard tasks of carpenters. NIOSH 
will then use this information to find ways of controlling these hazards, making carpentry safer. Please help 
us out in this effort by telling us the high hazard tasks you face each day on the job below. 

Which job tasks do you feel are the most hazardous (i.e. those during which you are most likely to get hurt). (A job 
task would include activities such as: installing dry wall, cutting rafters, scaffold erection). Briefly describe the hazards of 
those jobs. 




. . . those members of our Brotherhood who, in recent weeks, have been named 
or elected to public offices, have won awards, or who have, in other ways "stood 
out from the crowd." This month, our editorial hat is off to the following: 


Martin Mendibles, son of Frank Mendibles, 
Local 42, San Francisco, Calif. , was recently 
awarded the Army Achievement Medal for 
Distinguished Service 
as a medical corpsman 
during an emergency 
fire exercise at Fort 
Bragg, N.C. Special- 
ist Fourth Class Men- 
dibles was cited for 
valor and profession- 
alism in the treatment 
of an infantryman who 
was accidentally 

struck and severely 
injured by two M-16 
Mendibles rounds. Mendibles had 

earher received a commendation for his 
service in Grenada with his military unit. 
He served three weeks on that island during 
the mihtary there. 


A team effort of Robert Moore, Local 781, 
Princeton, N.J., and Jerry Wood, Local 
31, Trenton, N.J.. and the Princeton Elks 
brought forth this float, which placed 
eighth in the Philadelphia Mummers Pa- 

Called "the Spirit ofElkdom," the air- 
plane model atop the float was of the 
same design as Lindburgh's "Spirit of St. 
Louis." It promoted the Elks' Crippled 
Children Program. The Annual Mummers 
Parade is held traditionally on New Year's 


Various local unions and apprenticeship 
programs throughout the country have par- 
ticipated in volunteer service projects re- 
cently. Local 210, Western Conn., is the 
latest to offer its construction prowess in 
the renovation of an old home. The home is 
to be used as a residence for young women 
with emotional problems who would other- 
wise require hospitalization. Project Return 
sponsors the home and made the request for 

Local 210 applied for a grant from the 
Private Industry Council of Fairfield County 
to provide instruction and materials for train- 
ing 30 people who wanted to be carpenters. 
These recruits cleared away rotting porches 
and rebuilt them, rebuilt the foundation, 
replaced sills, tore out and restored the 
kitchen joists and floor, removed crumbling 
plaster walls, strengthened the rafters, and 
performed other jobs to prepare the house 
for insulation, sheetrock, and trim. Seven 
of these recruits have enrolled as apprentices 
in the local's progrm, and the house for 
Project Return is on its way to completion. 



An exchange of donations, plaques, and 
appreciation marked a recent Local 203, 
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., dinner dance. Stew- 
art Malcolm, business representative, pre- 
sented a $8,800 check to Harvey Travis of 
the Dutchess County Juvenile Diabetes 
Foundation, and Travis gave Malcolm a 
plaque in gratitude for the local's efforts. 
The funds for the donation were raised 
through the banquet journal and a raffle. 
Pictured are, from left, Travis and Mal- 

Last September, the local union's ap- 
prenticeship training program also aided 
the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation. Appren- 
tices built a salt-box-style shed which was 
raffled off during a special golfing event 
and raised $800 for the organization. 

The members of Ladies Auxiliary No. 875 have made themselves known in Milwaukee, 
Wis., by their generosity to students in the form of scholarships and to local charities in 
the form of donations. The auxiliary recently presented a $300 scholarship check to 
Tammy Penkalski, the twelfth such check they have awarded to area students. Tammy is 
pictured above left, center, with Auxiliary President Hildee Gage, left, and Scholarship 
Chairman Virginia Berthelsen. 

Two local charity organizations were also recipients of the ladies' efforts. The Ranch, 
an agency for mentally handicapped individuals, received a $200 check. Pictured above 
right is Vic Hellman, of The Ranch, accepting the donation from Auxiliary Secretary Rae 
Wolf. Their local Ronald McDonald House, which provides a place for sick children and 
their parents to stay during hospital treatments, also received a $100 check. 

Construction Aid for Red Cross 

Combined labor-management contributions of $103,000 for the 
construction of a new Red Cross headquarters in Portland are 
detailed by Oregon Slate Building & Construction Trades Coun- 
cil President Bill Belanger. Contributions resulted from agree- 
ments that enabled contractors to bid the job at special wage 
rates and pledges of wages toward the job by many crafts, 
enabling the Red Cross to realize a substantial savings. 

APRIL, 1985 


UBC members' high 
quality worl< and 
attention to detail 
are hallmarks of 
Waldmann products. 

Custom-Made at Waldmanns 

Shoppers around the country know Anton 
Waldmann Associates Inc. products, al- 
though they don't buy them. They can be 
found in Manhattan's Wallachs, Chicago's 
Neiman Marcus, and Denver's Brooks 
Brothers. The United Nations in New York 
City also houses Waldman products, their 
famous horseshoe-shaped counters. Anton 
Waldmann Associates Inc. manufactures 
various custom-made store and office inte- 
riors, ranging from department store assem- 
bhes to the U.N. project. 

Chairman of the company which bears his 
name is Anton Waldmann, a German im- 
migrant cabinet-maker who has been in the 
woodworking industry for over 50 years. He 
was once a member of the UBC, and his 
plants now employ members of Local 2682, 
College Point, N.Y., and Local 2629, 
Hughesville, Pa. President of the corporation 
is John Cedilnik, a European- and American- 
trained interior designer who began his ca- 
reer with Waldmann as a draftsman, and 
worked his way up to his present position. 
Both men praise their UBC employees for 
their high quality work, and credit their 
"harmonious relationship with the Carpen- 
ter's union" with a large role in the success 
of the company. 

All Waldmann products are made to ar- 
chitects' specifications. The company uses 
only selected hardwoods, mostly oaks and 
walnuts, but will work with other woods 
Continued on Page 38 

1 Mike Woodside runs a panel 
through a double-end tenner. 

2 Ronald Hunter sets showcases to- 
gether with corner fillers, just as 
they will be when installed in the 

3 Finished products are inspected by 
Miles Long, shop steward; Paul 
Mohr. plant manager; and Clair 
Springman. UBC business repre- 

4 Veneer is spliced with a Diehl 389 
splicer by Paid Gardner, left, and 
Paul Miller. 

5 Showcases for a Brooks Brothers' 
store in Tulsa, Okla., are sub-as- 
sembled by Carl McDaniel. 



locni union ncuis 

Baggage Claim System Underway 

Local 1421 millwrights of Arlington. Tex., ha\e been working on an extensne baggage 
claim system in the Delta Airlines terminal at Dallas/Forl Worth International Airport. 
They began the work in late 1983, and hope to have it completed this year. A conveyor 
that's over a mile long, new ticket counters, baggage claim carousels, and sorting piers 
have all been installed as a part of this sophisticated system. Pictured above are 
members who have been working on the project. From left, front row: Tim Robb, Cecil 
Shinpaugh, and Leon Pierce. Middle row: Alan Gilroy, Earl Roper. James Lowery, Mike 
Beavers, Fred Searcy. Mike Jones, and Eric Burchet. Back row: Richard Benton. James 
Montgomery, Cliff Marbury, and Bill Payne. 

Senator Honored 

At its first meeting of 1985. the New Jer- 
sey Carpenters Political Education Com- 
mittee presented an antique plane to N.J. 
State Senator Chris Jackman. Pictured 
from left are Albert Beck. Local 6 business 
agent; Senator Jackman: George Laufen- 
berg, president of the State Council of 
Carpenters; and Alex "Nino" Prodijo, Lo- 
cal 15 business agent. 

Wk 1 




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Leo Larsen. Local 247 finamcal secretary, . 
right, and Dr. Craig Wollner are pictured 
above with one of Dr. Wollner' s books on 
the history of Portland carpenters. 

Historian Describes 
UBC in Oregon 

As a part of its centennial celebration. 
Local 247. Portland. Ore., commissioned an 
area historian to produce several books fo- 
cusing on the role of the Carpenters Union 
in the history of Portland. The results. The 
City Builders, a history; The City Builders: 
A Pictorial Supplement: and Builders of 
Portland: A Curriculm Guide to The City 
Builders, are being made available to middle 
and secondary school teachers. The books 
are the result of two and a half years research 
and writing by Dr. Craig Wollner. 

The books show "that the carpenters and 
other working people made a tremendous 
contribution to social and economic progress 
in Portland . It was Portland ' s carpenter local 
that led the fight for the eight-hour day in 
Oregon in 1890, and the Carpenters' Union 
was instrumental in making the Portland 
shipyards the most efficient in the nation 
during World War II, according to Wollner. 
Smce many historians view history through 
the activities of leading business and political 
figures, these books are a unique and valu- 
able tool. 

Canadian Atlantic Conference 
Marks 100th Anniversary 

The Atlantic Conference of Carpenters, which celebrates its 
lOOth anniversary this year, is a group of Canadian locals in the 
Atlantic region. The conference meets regularly to discuss coti- 
cerns common to Atlantic area locals, promotion of the Brother- 
hood, education of the members and the general public, and the 
development of Operation Turnaround. Pictured above are 
members who attended the most recent meeting, front row. 
from left. Ross Carr. Local 1386. New Brunswick; Vincent Bur- 
ton, Local 579, St. Johns. Nfld.: and Jim Tobin. Task Force 
Representative. Back row, from left, Jim Perlerin, Local 1392. 
New Glasgow. N.S.; Lawrence Shebib, Local 1588. Sydney. 
N.S.: Lou Bradley. Local 1338. Charlottelown. P.E.I.; and Paul 
Wile. Local 83. Halifax. N.S. 

APRIL, 1985 





The ONLY brand of tuna 
packed exclusively in the con- 
tinental United States by a na- 
tional tuna company. 

your lungs 
go to pot. 

Smoking marijuana is a lot more danger- 
ous than you think. And a lot less cool- 
Recent studies show that pot can do a 
lot more damage to your lungsthan anyone 
ever thought Especially if you're young. 
So, if you smoke, or if you're thinking 
about it, think again 




The Christmas Seal People® 


Space contributed by the publisher as a public service 


When You 
Look for the 
Union Label, 
Shop Card, 
Store Card and 
Service Button 

Union Label and Service Trades Depanment AFL-CIO 

Buy articles made in America — 
a few years from now they will 
become collectors' items. 

George Smithson, 
Sierra Madre, Calif. 

Six Local Unions in Detroit Area 
Merge to Form Locals 114, 118 

Six local unions of Caipenters in the 
Detroit, Mich., area have been consolidated 
into two newly-chartered groups. Patrick J. 
Campbell, general president of the United 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of 
America, announced recently. 

Locals 19, 95, and 982 on Detroit's west 
side have been merged to form UBC Local 
118, and Locals 26, 337, and 674 of the east 
side have merged to become local 1 14. 

The officers for the two unions were in- 
stalled at that time, as follows: Local 114 — 
Raymond Cooks, president; Nick Simons, 
vice president; William Lapuszewski, re- 
cording secretary; Robert Skarupinski. fi- 
nancial secretary; C. Glen Wood, treasurer; 
Harry Kelley, conductor; Patrick Peacock, 
warden; Clarence Ridge way. Noel Thoel, 
and Eugene Oakley, trustees; and James 
Kelly, Anthony Michael. Ned Simons, Har- 
old Tacia, and Kenneth Walker, business 

Local 118 — Charles Dawson, president; 
Donald Stewart, vice president; John Har- 
rington, recording secretary; Raymond 
Dzendel, financial secretary; Michael Kel- 
ley, treasurer; Chester Schemansky, con- 
ductor; Clyde Burks, warden, James A. 
Brown, Edward Stanszak, and Robert 
Schultz, trustees; and George Betz, Donny 
Ray Brown, Raymond Dzendel, and Edward 
Malek, business representatives. 

Campbell called the mergers "a move to 

consolidate, conserve, and strengthen the 
financial and manpower resources of UBC 
members in the Detroit area." 

"The mergers will help to protect our 
collective bargaining integrity in deahng with 
construction contractors and we feel that it 
will go a long way toward strengthening our 
field representation as far as handling the 
day-to-day problems of our membership is 

"As all building tradesmen know, con- 
struction unions are facing stiff opposition 
from doublebreasted and non-union con- 
tractors all over the country. Our union 
contractors are being underbid time and 
again by scab-labor contractors. 

"Union mergers, in every case I know of, 
are arranged for the betterment of the union 
members involved, and frequently for the 
good of the industry as well. 

"Our union has a long history of good, 
solid trade unionism in the Detroit area, and 
I firmly believe that the United Brotherhood 
will be a force to reckon with as we come 
out of the recession of the early 1980s and 
do battle with the economic uncertainties of 

"Locals 1 Hand 118 will get all the support 
the international union can offer. I call upon 
the members of these two newly-chartered 
groups to rededicate themselves to the cen- 
tury-old goals and purposes of our union." 

Charles Dawson, 
the president of Lo- 
cal 118. is pictured 
at left receiving the 
new charter from 
Second General 
President Anthony 

Ochocki was also 
on hand to present 
Raymond Cooks, 
Local J 14, with his 
local's new charter. 

Photos courtesy of 
Detroit Building 
Tradesman, De- 
troit, Michigan. 




As initiated in our December, 1984, issue. Carpenter 
plans to publish from time to time articles for our French 
Canadian readers in English and French versions. Below is 
a bilingual report. 

Mergers of Several 

Local Unions 

in New Brunswick 

UBC members in New Brunswick, as- 
sisted by General Representative Guy Du- 
moulin, together with organizer Hector Lo- 
zier, have been working for a few years to 
merge some locals. In the construction in- 
dustry locals have merged with Local 1386, 
which now has jurisdiction over the Province 
of New Brunswick, except for the County 
of Restigouche, which is being represented 
by Local 1023. This merger has enabled all 
the carpenters to standardize their working 
conditions such as salaries, medical insur- 
ance, pension fund, etc. During the latest 
negotiations. Local 1386 negotiated three 
different collective agreements covering the 
following sectors: residential, commercial 
and industrial, which permitted the local to 
give work to more members. 

North of New Brunswick six locals re- 
cently decided to adopt a new structure to 
better serve their members. Following spe- 
cial meetings. Locals 2339, 2579, 3083 of the 
peat industry; Local 2270, shipyards, and 
Local 3012, forest workers, decided to merge 
with Local 2921 on January 23, 1985. The 
delegates, together with the executive com- 
mittee, met with General Representative 
Guy Dumoulin and Brother Hector Losier 
to adopt laws and regulations which will be 
presented to the members for approval. 
Brother Denis Auger has been appointed 
business manager, and Brothers Regis L^v- 
esque and Eric Hanhey, business agents. 
Positive results have already been obtained, 
thanks to a new re -organization campaign; 
the "Tour be (Peat) Chiasson Ltd." Com- 
pany of Lameque has been certified by the 
Labor Department. 

In the forest area, negotiations with the 
"Compagnie Internationale du Papier" 
(C.I. P.) (International Paper Company) of 
Dalhousie have just ended. The workers 
have obtained increases of 18.5% for a col- 
lective agreement from April 1st, 1983, to 
October31, 1987. Several other benefits have 
been granted. 

Hector Losier was acting as official 
spokesman. He was assisted by members of 
the negotiating committee: Roland Th^riault. 
Gilles Leblanc, Yvan Bertrand, Lucien Lev- 
esque, Philippe Doucet, Gerard Landry, and 

Patrick Savoie. Translated by Myriam Sanfuenles 

Regroupement Des 
Locaux Au 
Nouveau Brunswick 

Les membres du Nouveau Brunswick as- 
sist^s du representant general Guy Dumoulin 
ainsi que I'organisateur Hector Losier tra- 
vaillent depuis quelques ann^es a fusionner 
certains locaux. 

D^ja dans I'industrie de la construction 
les locaux se sont fusionnes avec le Local 
1386 qui a maintenant jurisdiction couvrant 
la Province du Nouveau Brunswick a I'ex- 
ception du Comte de Restigouche qui est 
repr^sente par le local 1023, ce regroupement 
a permis a tons les charpentiers et menuisiers 
d'uniformiser leurs conditions de travail telles 
que: Salaires, Assurance Maladie, Fonds de 
Pension Etc. Lors des demieres negotiations 
le local 1386 k negoci^ trois diff^rentes 
conventions collectives couvrant les sec- 
teurs suivants: Residentiel, commercial et 
industriel, ce qui a permis au local de foumir 
du travail a plus de membres. 

Dans le nord du Nouveau Brunswick six 
locaux ddciderent demiferement de se donner 
une structure nouvelle pour mieux servir 
leurs membres; suite a des assemblies sp6- 
ciales, les Locaux 2339, 2579, 3083 tons de 
I'industrie de la Tourbe, le Local 2270, des 
chantiers navals, et le local 3012, des tra- 
vailleurs forestiers d^cid^rent de se fusion- 
ner avec le local 2921, le 23 Janvier 1985. 
Les dt\tg\i€% ainsi que I'ex^cutif se rencon- 
traient en presence du representant general 
Guy Dumoulin et le Confrere Hector Losier 
pour adopter les lois et r^glements qui seront 
presentes aux membres pour leur approba- 
tion. Le confrere Denis Auger a €i€ appoints 
Gerant d'Affaires et les confreres R^gis 
L^vesque et Eric Hanhey Agents d'Affaires. 
D6ja des r^sultats positifs ont €\i accomplis 
suite a une nouvelle campagne d 'organisa- 
tion la compagnie Tourbe Chiasson Lt6e de 
Lameque a €i€ certifi6e par le Departement 
du Travail. 

Dans le Secteur de la Forest les negotia- 
tions avec la Compagnie Internationale du 
Papier (C.I. P.) de Dalhousie viennent de se 
terminer. Les travailleurs ont obtenu des 
augmentations de 18.5% pour une conven- 
tion collective du ler avril 1983 au 3 1 octobre 
1987. Plusieurs autres avantages ont et6 
accordes . Le confrere Hector Losier agissait 
comme porte-parole officiel assist^ des 
membres du comite de negociation, les con- 
freres Roland Theriault, Gilles Leblanc, Yvan 
Bertrand, Lucien Levesque, Philippe Dou- 
cet, Gerard Landry et Patrick Savoie. 

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APRIL, 1985 


Fire-Damage Aid 

In French and English, 

a report from the business manager of Local 2182, Montreal. 

Joe Lund, Local 1338, Charlottelown, 
P.E.L. left, accepts a check from Martin 
Kenny, local president, to assist the Lunds 
in rebuilding their home which was dam- 
aged in a fire late last year. 

Londra {Honored 

In his 61 years as a member of Local 
1050. Philadelphia. Pa.. Pietro "Pete" 
Londra. has worn many hats. He has 
served as president, treasurer, trustee, del- 
egate to the district council, and recording 
secretary. At a recent annual parry the 
members of the local presented this dedi- 
cated man with a plaque to show their 
gratitude and appreciation. Pictured above 
are. from left. Joe Ippolito. business 
agent; Pete Londra; and John Anello. gen- 
eral representative. 

Etiiiopian Appeal 

At a recent meeting of the New Jersey 
Carpenters Political Education Committee 
the great granddaughter of Emperor Haile 
Salassie of Ethiopia, Esther Salassie. ad- 
dressed those gathered and made an ap- 
peal for her starving countrymen. Esther is 
pictured above with, from left. Nino Pro- 
digo. business agent. Local 15; Albert 
Beck, business agent. Local 6; and Ed 
Pulver, secretary-treasurer, N.J. Stale 

A Report from 
Local 2182, iVIontreal 

Starting February 1985, members of Local 
2182 could take advantage of a special au- 
tomobile and homeowner insurance through 
Lloyd's of London, with a 20% reduction 
on automobile insurance and 15% reduction 
on homeowner insurance. In the coming 
months a life insurance will also be offered. 

Here are the modifications of the building 
decree that becomes law on May 1, 1985, 
together with a 4.5% increase in salaries 
(imposed by the government): 

REGULATIONS 5 and 3— Other regula- 
tions will be amended before the end of the 
year. Regulation 5 PLACEMENT. Regula- 
tion 3 QUALIFICATION and the regulation 
concerning fields of appUcation. We have 
been invited during the meetings to make 
our recommendations, and in certain cases 
everything seems prepared beforehand. We 
hope that these amendments will improve 
our profession, otherwise we will have to 
take a position in the event of an amendment 
similar to the amendment of July 13, 1983. 
The millwrights of Local 2182 will never 
permit themselves to be robbed of part of 
their profession. 

ment has finally been rendered, after waiting 
for eight years. This claim covered the period 
between November 28, 1976, and February 
26, 1977, and a judgment for a sum of 
$92,520.34 had been obtained to pay for 
vacations and social benefits. By request of 
Local 2182, the Construction Office of the 
Province of Quebec sent us a letter dated 
November 27, 1984, which can be summa- 
rized as follows; "This company not being 
bankrupt, the workers concerned in this 
claim are not covered by the special com- 
pensation fund. No other procedure can be 
undertaken in this matter; we consider it 
closed for any practical purposes. This is to 
say that it seems most unUkely that the 
workers concerned will receive any money 
whatsoever in this matter because Beamer 
and Leathrop Quebec, Ltd., which had its 
place of business in suburban Toronto is, 
according to our information, no longer in 
operation. Signed by Mr. Jean Bidard, As- 
sistant Director General, Division of Oper- 
ations. Local 2182, as far as it is concerned, 
keeps on looking for a solution. 

Boycott L-P 

Support your fellow trade union members. 
Don't buy non-union products and services, 
if at all possible. Boycott the L-P products 
listed on Page 8. 

Join the fight to maintain wages and 
working conditions by buying American and 
Canadian products when you shop. Cheap 
imports are often poor substitutes! 

Mot Du Gerant 

D' Affaires Local 2182 

II me fait plaisir de vous annoncer, qu"a 
partir du mois de Fevrier 1985, le local 2182 
beneficie d'une flotte d'assurance automo- 
bile et residentielle pour tous les membres. 
L'Assureur est -'LLOYD'S DE LONDRES". 
L'Avantage est I'escompte auquel vous avez 
droit; 20% automobile et 15% residentielle. 
Dans les prochains mois vous pourrez aussi 
beneficier d'une pohce d'assurance-vie, nous 
vous tiendrons au courant de tout change- 
ment dans I'eventuahte. 

Ci-inclus copie des modifications au decret 
de la Construction qui prend force le 1 mai 
1985 avec 4.5% d'augmentation sur les sa- 
laires, (C'est ce qui nous a 6te impose par 
le gouvemement.) 

REGLEMENT #5 et #3— D'autres regle- 
ments sont en voie d'etre amendes avant la 
fin de I'annee. Le reglement #5 PLACE- 
MENT, le reglement #3 QUALIFICATION 
et le reglement relatif au champs d'applica- 
tion. Nous avons ete invites lors de reunions 
a faire nos recommendations et dans certains 
cas tout semble prepare a I'avance et nous 
esperons que ces amendements seront pour 
I'avancement de notre metier, sinon, nous 
serons dans I'obligation de prendre position 
et si jamais on nous impose un amendement 
comme celui du 13 juillet 1983. Les mecan- 
iciens de chantier (millwrights) du local 2182 
n'accepteront jamais de se faire voler une 
partie de leur metier. 

BEAMER & LEATHROP— Le jugement 
a ete enfin rendu apres 8 annees d'attente. 
Cette reclamation couvrait la periode entre 
le 28 novembre 1976 et le 26 fevrier 1977 et 
un jugement pour un montant de $92,520.34 
avait ete obtenu pour defrayer les vacances 
et avantages sociaux. Sur demande du local 
2182, I'Office de la Construction du Quebec 
nous a fait parvenir une lettre en date du 27 
novembre 1984 qui se resume comme suit; 
"Cette compagnie n'ayant pas fair faillite, 
les salaries impliques dans cette reclamation 
ne sont pas converts par le fonds special 
d'indemnisation. Aucune autre procedure ne 
pouvant etre entreprise dans ce dossier, nous 
considerons a toutes fins pratiques ce dossier 
ferm6. C'est done dire qu'il semble plus 
qu'improbable que les salaries impliques 
re?oinvent quelqu'argent que ce soit dans 
cette affaire puisque la compagnie Beamer 
and Leathrop Quebec Ltee qui avait sa place 
d'affaires en banlieue de Toronto est selon 
les informations que nous possedons ino- 
perante et n'aurait plus de place d'affaires." 
Signe par M. Jean Bidard, Directeur General 
Adjoint, Division Operations. Le local 2182 
continue pour sa part, d'essayer de trouver 
une solution. 




'Skills To Build America' Continues To 
Draw High School, College Audiences 

"Skills to Build America," the United 
Brotherhood's 16 mm educational film de- 
scribing the apprenticeship program, had 
another big year in 1984. An estimated 182, 124 
people viewed the movie, an increase from 
146,693 for the year 1983. 

"This film is in heavy demand," reported 
the distributor. Modem Talking Picture 
Service. "We could not accomodate 277 
requests during the past 12 months [1984] 
due to prior commitments." The film was 
shown 576 times in 41 states in January, 
1985, alone. As of January 24 of this year, 
a total of 1 ,220 future bookings were sched- 
uled. Since the film went into distribution 
over three years ago, it has been seen by an 
estimated 469,330 viewers. 

The movie, produced over four years ago 

with footage primarily from the Cleveland, 
Ohio, 1980 International Carpentry Appren- 
ticeship Contest and an introduction by actor 
E.G. Marshall, is popular with high schools 
and colleges. The film emphasizes the im- 
portance of the four-year training program 
for apprentices while viewers are introduced 
to the various skills performed by carpen- 
ters, millwrights, and cabinetmakers. 

REMINDER: The National Joint Com- 
mittee's Mid- Year Apprenticeship and 
Training Conference will be held May 
6-10 at the Leamington Hotel, Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

Recent Graduates in Local 620, Madison 

The graduating apprentice class of Local 620, Madison, N.J.. were recently given their 
journeymen certificates at an annual gathering. Pictured above are the new journeymen, 
front row, from left: James Rynearson, Leo Moran, Shawn Morrow, Daniel O'Connor, 
Debra Waitzman, Michael Franey, Joseph Greschko, Thomas Voswinkel, John Rowe, 
and Joseph D' Aries, administrative director New Jersey Carpenter Apprentice Fund. 
Back row, from left: John Moschelt, apprentice committee; Gerard Serino: Raymond 
Mitchell; John Leeds; Walter Terry: Sam Barrati, apprentice instructor; Gregory Brown; 
George Laufenberg, President; Dennis Donovan; Samuel DeBiasse; Scott Blohm; Robert 
Cult, apprentice committee; Thomas VanLenten; and Gary Knoedler. 

1984 Class, 

Red Bank, 

New Jersey 



The apprentices in the 1984 class of Local 2250, Red Bank. N.J., recently received their 
certificates of completion. In the picture, they are, front row, from left: James A. Kirk 
Jr., business rep. and J.A.C. chairman; Rich and P. Gibson; Jeffery T. Warner; Joseph 
E. Megill; Dalton L. Carhart; Lisa J. Dobbs; Roger G. Anderson; and Charles E. 
Gorhan, secretary J.A.C. and financial secretary. Back row, from left: Mark K. 
Schweitzer, John P. McCarthy, Robert C. Furlong, Jr., Tom Noraas, Richard A. Pa- 
cicco, Leighton A. Hammond. 

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Exp. Date 



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Phone # 

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Please give street address for prompt delivery. 

Writing with CLIC 

This handsome chrome pen and pencil 
has a stainless steel satin finish with a min- 
iature, full-color UBC emblem in the top of 
each crown. There is a twist action on both 
pen and pencU for writing ease. It's pre- 
sented for a $20.00 contribution to CLIC. 
the Carpenters Legislative Improvement 

APRIL, 1985 


A periodic report on the activities 
of UBC Retiree Clubs and the com- 
ings and goings of individual retirees. 

Retirees Contribute 
To L-P Strike Fund 

UBC Retiree Clubs are giving strong sup- 
port to the UBC's boycott of Louisiana- 
Pacific wood products. Some retirees are 
joining in the informational picketing at lum- 
ber supply stores. Many on the West Coast 
are offering assistance to the ' 'food and funds 
for strikers" effort. 

J.C. Crutchfield, secretary-treasurer of 
Retiree Club No. 30, Atlanta. Ga., sent a 
donation from fellow club members. Grady 
Pinner, president of Club No. 14. Pontiac, 
Mich., forwarded a SlOO club donation, last 

Retirees Support 
Statue of Liberty 

As reported in our December issue, the 
Retirees' Club of St. Louis and Vicinity 
challenged our other retirees' clubs to join 
their fund-raising effort for the Statue of 
Liberty. The idea was to send a "very special 
Valentine's Day gift to this very special lady 
and our nation." Mrs. Virginia Richards, 
recording chairman of the St. Louis Club, 
recently wrote in to report that the challenge 
netted $1,748 which was sent to the Lady 
for her restoration. Congratulations, and 
thanks, to all who participated. 

Retiree Clubs 
Now Total 47 

The number of UBC Retirees' Clubs will 
soon reach a total of four dozen. Two were 
chartered in recent weeks: Charter No. 46 
was presented to retirees at North Riverside, 
111., a group consisting primarily of retirees 
of Local 54, Chicago. Charter No. 47 was 
issued last month to a group in Philadelphia. 

If there are seven or more of our readers 
who want to form a retirees' club in your 
area, let us know! Or if you want to join an 
already existing club, but don't know where 
to go, tell us! We want all our retired 
members and spouses to be a part of the 
activity. Retirees' Clubs sponsor trips to 
resorts and theaters, and take part in com- 
munity and political activities — it's also a 
great way to keep in touch and informed. 
For more information or to start a club write 
to: General Secretary John S. Rogers. United 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of 
America, 101 Constitution Ave., N.W., 
Washington. B.C. 20001. 

Retirees Must Play Active Roles 
In Preserving Hard-Won Benefits 

Retired General Treasurer 

If there are any citizens who should un- 
derstand and appreciate the value of orga- 
nization it ought to be members of the labor 
movement — particularly those who belong 
to the United Brother- 
hood. In its 104-year 
history our Brother- 
hood has been in the 
forefront of every battle 
waged to establish the 
. wages and working con- 
g/k ^. ^IH ditions that e.xist today. 

^^^\._^^ll^^m None of it came easily — 
HB^C^^^I tiot the wages, nor safety 
^I^^^H^^^H standards, nor vaca- 
Terzick tions, nor pensions, nor 

decent apprenticeship training. History re- 
veals we contributed most because we were 
organized best. 

Now there is a segment of our Brother- 
hood that is facing increasingly difficult chal- 
lenges. It is made up of our brothers and 
sisters who are trying to make it in retirement 
on a fixed income, which inflation is con- 
stantly eroding. 

However, the erosion that looms on the 
horizon as the nation attempts to cope with 
astronomical deficits is cause for real alarm. 
For the first time in the 50-year history of 
the Social Security system, pensions will be 
subject to income taxes under certain con- 
ditions. Single persons having an income of 
$25,000 or more (including Social Security) 
will be required to pay income tax on part 
of their Social Security pension. For a mar- 
ned couple $32,000 is the trigger amount. 

At first glance this does not seem so 
threatening, until you remember the whiskey 
tax was passed after the Revolutionary War 
to provide pensions for war veterans. It only 
amounted to a few pennies on a gallon, and 
it was supposed to be strictly a temporary 
tax. Today — nearly 200 years later — this 
"temporary" tax contributes more to the 
final price than the cost of making the prod- 

When the income tax first came into being, 
it applied only to incomes of $100,000 or 
more, and the top rate was 1%. It hardly 
seems necessary to comment on what has 
happened to the innocuous income tax since 
it first hit the unsuspecting nation. 

The plain fact of the matter is that once 
politicians find a new source of taxation they 
never quit riding it until the people rise up 
in rebellion. Recipients of Social Security 
pensions had better be organizing them- 
selves for constant battle to keep their pen- 
sions from being chipped away by tax in- 

Medicare, too, is already feeling the econ- 
omy axe, but President Reagan has new 
plans for cutting back more drastically than 
ever on the protection Medicare will provide . 
As it stands now. Medicare takes care of 
less than half of the medical costs of oldsters, 
but the president sees it as a fertile field for 
cutting back still further. 

I point these things out only to emphasize 

that our retirees need to organize themselves 
to fight back against a reactionary adminis- 
tration that is long on compassionate rhetoric 
but short on performance. 

Well aware of the vulnerability of our 
senior members, the General Executive Board 
authorized the establishment of retirees clubs 
in local unions and/or district councils. In 
this way our retired members can speak with 
one voice in opposing the developing on- 
slaughts against Social Security and Medi- 

However, man does not live by bread 
alone; a retirees club provides a fine oppor- 
tunity for old comrades in arms to get to- 
gether to relive old times and have a little 
family fun. 

Some clubs are undertaking worthwhile 
civic projects such as refurbishing a Boy 
Scout camp. There are hundreds of worth- 
while community projects that desperately 
need a bit of good carpentry on a volunteer 
basis. Nothing enhances the good name of 
the labor movement more effectively than a 
good deed done for a worthy cause. 

If you are a retiree and think a retiree club 
is a good idea (dues are only $1.00 per 
month) begin to talk it up with your retirees 
and present the idea to your local. Remember 
we retirees are among the most vulnerable 
in this era of massive cutbacks being con- 
sidered by the White House. We have to 
fight back. In union there is strength. 

Virginia Retiree 
Describes Walker 

J. Raymond Carr, a retired business agent 
from Local 303, Portsmouth, Va.. and a 
member of the UBC for 40 years, suffered 
a heart attack in 1972 and fell and broke a 
hip in 1983. Now he gets about with a walker, 
one of those metal devices used by those 
who have difficulty walking. 

Carr recently wrote a tribute to his walker, 
which, he suggests, might be of interest to 
others with walkers: 


1 want to dedicate this article to the ones 
who cannot get along without a walker or 
some other aid in order to walk. 

I get up between 9 and 10 o'clock in the 
morning. My walker is standing next to my 
bed, as if to say "Where do we go?". I say: 
"To the bathroom, take my medicine and 
wash my face; then we go to the den". I 
turn on the TV as my wife brings my break- 
fast while I watch morning talk shows. After 
I eat my breakfast, my walker and I go back 
to the bedroom, and get dressed with the 
help of my wife ("my nurse" as she calls 
herself). Then my walker and I take a walk 
down the hall to the patio and sit and watch 
things go by until the sun comes up too 
bright and runs me in. 

Continued on Page 32 






AVE. NW, WASH., D.C. 20001 




Some carpenters were sitting on 
their tool boxes, discussing how to 
deter home prowlers. 

One said he kept a gun by his 
bed. Another said he had installed 
an elaborate alarm system. 

The third, the father of six young 
children, said, "If a burglar came 
into our bedroom during the night, 
I'd probably get up, take him by 
the hand, and walk him into the 



The Scouts were in camp. In an 
inspection, the director found an 
umbrella neatly rolled inside the 
bedroll of a small Scout. As an 
umbrella was not listed as a nec- 
essary item, the director asked the 
boy to explain. 

"Sir," answered the young man 
with a weary sigh, "did you ever 
have a mother'i'" 

—Frank Butler, Local 609, 
Idaho Falls. Idaho 


Two eminent psychiatrists, one 40 
years old, the other over 70, occu- 
pied offices in the same building. 
At the end of a long day, they rode 
down in the elevator together. The 
younger man appeared completely 
done in, and he noted that his senior 
was still quite fresh. 

"I don't understand," said the 
younger "how you can listen to 
patients from morning to night and 
still look so spry." 

The old psychiatrist shrugged his 
shoulder and replied, "Who lis- 



Some kids have announced their 
own four-point program for 1985: 

• Immediate decontrol of allow- 

• Reform the Clean Room Act. 

• Designate space in front of the 
TV as strategic primetime reserve. 

• Cut back on utilities used for 

— Changing Times. 



The age of puberty is when your 
son quits asking wfiere he came 
from and refuses to tell you where 
he's going. 



A millwright tells us that, for his 
kids, an unbreakable toy is some- 
thing you use to smash those that 


A hungry young man in Japan 
Ordered perishable fruit by the 

To the obvious question: 
"Won't you get indigestion?" 
He replied, "What I can't eat I can 


— Jim Weber 


A young man and his girlfriend 
were sitting on the grass in the park 
during early evening. He rubbed 
his hand on the grass and said: 
"Some dew!" 

She responded: "Yes, and some 



Tax his cow 
tax his goat 
Tax his pants 
tax his coat 
Tax his crops 
tax his work 
Tax his tie 
tax his shirt 
Tax his chew 
tax his smoke 
Teach him taxes 
are no joke 
Tax his tractor 
tax his mule 
Teach him taxes 
are the rule 
Tax his oil 
tax his gas 
Tax his notes 
tax his cash 
Tax him good 
and let him know 
after taxes he has 
no dough 
If he hollers 
tax him more 
Tax him till 
he's good and sore 
Tax his coffin 
tax his grave 
Tax his sod 
in which he lays 
Put these words 
upon his tomb: 
Taxes drove me 
to my doom 
After he's gone 
he can't relax. 
They'll still be after 
inheritance tax. 

— Jack Arnold 
Eagar, Arizona 


APRIL, 1985 


Retiree's Walker 

Continued from Page 30 

We (my walker and I) go back to the den 
to watch TV until lunch. If we, with a 
handicap, think we have a big problem, it 
sure is nothing compared to the "problems" 
they have on the "soaps". Again "my nurse" 
brings my lunch in to me. Sometimes I have 
my breakfast or lunch on the patio and enjoy 
the fresh air and the activity going on around 
me. Then my walker and I go to take more 
medicine. As you can see, my walker goes 
everywhere I go. In fact, I can't go anywhere 
without my "four legged friend". 

On Mondays a good friend takes us for a 
ride and to the grocery store, etc. I leave 
my walker down at the bottom of the stairs, 
and when I return it is always waiting there 
for me. Back we go to the den and the same 
thing, waiting for my supper to be brought 
in by "my nurse". This may sound like I 
am lazy, but this is about all I am able to 
do. But with my trusty friend, my walker, 
it enables me to be somewhat independent. 
I still feel that I am able to do some things 
for myself, and to be able to feel secure 
when I walk. My walker is more to me than 
just a metal device. It is my helper, my 
independence, my feeling of security, and it 
has really become "my buddy". 

Many of us hate to have someone do for 
us what we cannot do for ourselves, but we 
must be thankful for all the things that we 
are still able to do for ourselves, and for all 
the things that are a help to us. The greatest 
blessing of all is that we are "still around". 
It is like the old song says "everybody wants 
to go to heaven, but nobody wants to die to 
get there". So if you are someone with a 
handicap and use a walker or some other 
aid, it isn't as bad as it seems, it could be a 
lot worse so be glad you are able to have a 
"friend" like your walker or whatever you 
may use. Our pride in even a small portion 
of independence is a very precious thing . . . 
don't waste it on not appreciating what we 
do have. 

I wish all of you good luck and may God 
Bless you always. 

J. Raymond Can 

Mediation Found 

Continued from Page 6 

in four cases, four remained pending 
and 11 non-active. 

Two affiliates remain listed as in non- 
compliance and subject to Article XX 
sanctions: the International Typograph- 
ical Union and the National Association 
of Broadcast Employees & Techni- 

In other action, the Executive Coun- 
cil approved extensions of jurisdictional 
protection for the State, County & Mu- 
nicipal Employees in seven units. Three 
of the extensions are to February 1986 
for units in Buffalo, N.Y., Baton Rouge, 
La., and Sacramento, Calif. The other 
four are to May 1986 for two units in 
Los Angeles, Calif., one in Maine and 
one in Warm Springs, Mont. 

IVIany Retail Chains 

Continued from Page 11 

public has been very pleasing." 

Local union organizers indicate they in- 
tend to expand the leafleting. 

Any local union and district council ex- 
periencing problems with K-Mart stores is 
urged to contact the UBC Organizing De- 
partment at the General Office. 

The best and most accurate source of 
information available is our membership. In 
order that we might gain a broader perspec- 
tive on the extent and location of projects 
involving this particular industry, please fill 
in the retail chain store survey form on this 
page and mail it to the Organizing Depart- 
ment, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and 
Joiners of America, 101 Constitution Ave., 
N.W., Washington, DC 20001. 

An inscribed stone is only a conventional 
monument to any good craftsman; his real 
monument is the solid, lasting work he has 

Workers' Clinics 

Continued from Page 21 


Section of General Medicine 
Hospital of University of Pennsylvania 
34th and Spruce 
Philadelphia, PA 19104 
Phone: (215) 662-3796 

University of Pittsburgh Medical School 
Department of Internal Medicine 
149 Lothrop Hall 
Pittsburgh, PA 15213 
Phone: (412)624-0127 

Department of Community and Preventive 

Division of Occupational Health 
Medical College of Pennsylvania 
3300 Henry Avenue 
Philadelphia, PA 19130 
Phone: (215) 842-6540 


Knoxville Neighborhood Health Services 
1953 Goins Drive 
Knoxville, TN 37917 
Phone: (615) 546-4606 

Center for Health Services 
Vanderbilt University 
Nashville, TN 37232 
Phone: (615) 322-4799 


Occupational Medicine Clinic 

Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational 

and Environmental Health 
Building 512 
University of Utah 
Salt Lake City, UT 84112 
Phone: (801) 581-4800 


Occupational Medicine Program 
University of Washington 
Harborview Medical Center, ZA 66 
325 9th Avenue 
Seattle, W A 98104 
Phone: (206) 223-3005 


Alice Hamilton Occupational Health Clinic 
1314 14th Street, N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20016 
Phone: (202) 483-0749 


Occupational and Environmental Health 

John Marshall Medical Services 
1801 6th Avenue 
Huntington, WV 25703 
Phone: (304) 526-0630 


Occupational Medicine Clinic 
Department of Preventive Medicine 
504 N. Walnut Street 
University of Wisconsin 
Madison, WI 53705 
Phone: (608) 263-2999 

Medical College of Wisconsin 
Dept. of Preventive Medicine 
8701 Watertown Plank Road 
Milwaukee, WI 53226 
Phone: (414) 257-8288 

CHnical Science Center 
University Hospital 
600 Highland Avenue 
Madison, WI 53792 
Phone: (608) 263-3612 

MedicafSurgical Clinic 
2400 W. Lincoln Avenue 
Milwaukee, WI 53215 
Phone: (414) 671-7000 


Hamilton Workers' CUnic 
1071 Barton Street, East 
Hamilton, Ontario L8L 3E2 
Phone: (416) 544-5181 

Manitoba Federation of Labour 

Occupational Health Centre 
98 Sherbrook Street 
Winnipeg, Manitoba 
Phone: (204) 786-5881 

Vancouver General Hospital 

Respiratory Clinic 

2775 Heather St., 1st Floor 

Vancouver, British Columbia 


Phone: (604) 875-4111 Ext. 3336 


May 4, 1985 

Join your fellow members all over 
the nation in a one-day demonstration 
for worker justice. 







A gallery of pictures showing some of the senior members of the Broth- 
erhood who recently received pins for years of service in the union. 


At a special meeting the members of Local 
839 tionored their brothers with 25 years of 
service and more. 

Picture No. 1 shows 25-year members, from 
left: Robert T. Knippen, Gilbert G. Pearcy, Paul 
Pierburg, Travis Smith, LuAllen Cooper, 
Thomas Johnson, Edward Peckus, and Dandy 

Picture No. 2 shows 30-year members, from 
left: Alva Chapman, Ed Kepka, George Roberts, 
Bob Altergott, Jose Roman, Richard Christy, 
Joseph Federkins, and Colin MacLeod. 

Picture No. 3 shows 35-year members, from 
left: Bill Uhler, Elmer Buesing, and Maurice P. 

Picture No. 4 shows 45-year members, from 
left: Albert H. Juhnke Sr. and Robert L. 

Picture No. 5 shows 50-year member 
Howard Johnson. 

Picture No. 6 shows 55-year member Ed 

Picture No. 7 shows 60-year members 
Arthur Bandi and Frank Sauer. 

Madison, N.J. 


Local 620 members with 25 years of sen/ice 
were recently honored by their fellow members, 
and presented with service pins. Pictured are, 
front row, from left: David Morrow, Harry 
McLernon, Joseph Panella, and Louis Picone. 

Back row, from left: Dominick Sarno, 
President George Laufenberg, and Norman 

Des Plaines, 

No. 5 

Des Plaines, 

No. 6 

Des Plaines, III.— Picture No. 4 
APRIL, 1985 

Des Plaines, 

-Picture No. 7 


Members of Local 1839 congratulate the 
following brothers for their years of service: 40- 
year member Raymond P. Muenks; 35-year 
members Walter Dearing, Robert Eckhoff, 
Alcuin Finder, Leroy Hirth, Glennon Holdmeyer, 
William Muenks, George Neier, Eugene Perkins, 
Ronald Stahlman, Joseph Westhoff, Floyd 
Whitmorth, Wesley Witthaus, and Roland 
Wood; 15-year members Lawrence Barton, 
Elmer Brown, Thomas Buhr, William Clark, 
Edward Cook, Kenneth Elbert, Henry Elliott, 
Jerome Frankenberg, En/in Gildehaus, Ray Hall, 
Arthur Heitman, Clarence Hoett, Robert Lause, 
Raymond Mueller, Robert Myers, Ervin Narup, 
Floyd Patton, Paul Schmuke, Lloyd Seator), 
Francis Stratman, Richard Struckhoff, Wayne 
Tate, Wallace Wiele, James Wallach, 3i-)a 
Bernard Westhoelter. 


Rochester, Minn — Picture No 1 

Roctiester, Minn. — Picture No. 2 

Rochester, Minn.— Picture No. 4 


At a recent meeting, ttie members of Local 1382 presented 
longstanding members with service pins. 

Picture No. 1 shows 45-year members, from left: Roy Kahabka, 
Ralph Hammond, and Hillman Stiller. 

Picture No. 2 shows 35-year members, from left: Leo Nigon and 
Donald Whealdon. 

Picture No. 3 shows 35-year member James Zigler. 

Picture No. 4 shows 30-year members, from left: Robert Burk, 
Joseph Hagel, and Forest Rainthum, 

Picture No. 5 shows 25-year members, from left: Edward Selle and 
Lavern Olson. 

Rochester, Minn. 
Picture No. 3 


Picture No. 5 

Princeton, N J — Picture No 1 

Princeton, N.J. — Picture No. 3 


At its annual picnic Local 781 gave out 
Brotherhood watches to active members with 
30 years or more of service. 

Picture No. 1 shows 38-year members, from 
left: President James Murphy with Peter Debic, 
John Butrym Sr., Phil Wesp, and Business 
Rep. Henry Jones. 

Picture No. 2 shows 35-year members, from 
left: Al Roberiello Jr., and Richard Kiefer. 

Picture No. 3 shows 33-year members, from 
left: Thomas Lowthian, and Joseph Sodomin. 

Picture No. 4 shows 32-year members, from 
left: Joseph Tufano, Robert Galick, and Robert 


Members of Local 80 recently paid tribute to 
their members with many years of service to 
the UBC at an annual party. 

Picture No. 1 shows 25-year members, front 
row, from left: Anthony DiRaffaele, Joseph C. 
Nasca, Glenn 0. Svenson, Constantine Trela, 
and Alphonse Bracco. 

Back row, from left: James Taraba, business 
rep.; Werner Roth; Paul Zuidema; Oistein 
Madland, Vincent Templin, Richard Gerheardt, 
and Charles Gould, financial secretary-treasurer. 

Picture No. 2 shows 70-year member Carl H. 

Picture No. 3 shows 50-year member 
Nathaniel C. Reed. 

Princeton, N.J. — Picture No. 4 

Chicago, III. 
Picture No. 1 



St. Louis, 


Members of Local 1 596 recently honored 
their brothers with longstanding service, 
including a father-son team. 

Picture No. 1 shows, front row, from left: 
25-year member Helmuth Leukert, 50-year 
member Carl Bade, 60-year member Louis 
Sternitzky, 50-year member John DiPrimo, and 
25-year member Glen D. Jones. Back row, 
from left: Bob Monroe, president; OIlie 
Langhorst, executive secretary/treasurer; 24- 
year members Donald Erbs, and Frank Polizzi; 
Bill Steinkamp, business rep.; 25-year member 
Boyd McGathey; Leonard Terbrock, assistant 
executive secretary/treasurer; 25-year members 
Donald Fieseler, Ronald Kroeger, Charles 
Gaston, Everett Kroeger, Carlo Marconi, Louis 
Pohlman, Andrew Hustedde; and Glen Jackson, 
business rep. 

Picture No. 2 shows father and son, from 
left: Carl W. Bade and Raymond L. Bade. The 
elder Bade was honored for his 50 years of 
service with a plaque and a service pin. He is 
83 years old. His son, at age 58, has 
completed 32 years, and is still active. 

Also receiving pins, but not pictured, were: 
50-year member Joe Badura; 25-year members 
George Kirby, Leona Sawyer, Paul Brookes, 
William Tullman, Harry Vlach, Gabrielle Lancia, 
Hank Dwars, and Charles Killian. 


Local 657 recently presented service pins to 
some of its members with many years 
involvement in the UBC. 

Pictured are, from left: 20-year members 
Alton Klein and Richard Glomski; 35-year 
members Ed Price, and Don Evans; and 30-year 
member Ed Rautmann. 

St. Louis, Mo.— Picture No. 2 


Members of Local 1453 recently honored 
their fellow carpenters who had completed 25 
and 35 years of membership. 

25-year members included: Calvert Burrow, 
Wayne Carr, Carroll Clark, Art Cozzi, Charles 
Dickerson, Leslie Eckles, Robert Forbess Sr., 
Clyde Frankel, R.L. Giardini, David Goddard, 
Leif Hansen, A.R. Hemmingsen, Allen Hughes, 
Herman Jones, Bernard Peterson, A.G. 
Petricevich, Ed Raymond, Louis Richman, L.A. 
Schott, James P. Smith. J. A, Swearington, 
Leroy Van Riper, Robert Voyies, Roy Warren, 
and Tony Zuniga. 

35-year members included: Arthur Bellis, 
Robert Botkin, Elmer Bowen, Garnett Butler, 
John Carr, Herman Chenier, Gene Coke, DeWitt 
Easterly, Gale Felt, D.D. Gardner, James 
Jacobs, William Klohs, Ed Perry, William 
Powell, Adrian Ralph, Gordon Ritschke, B.E. 
Witkowski, and Joe Woodruff. A special 
mention was made of Elmer Cole, age 92, who 
has been a member of the UBC for 68 years. 

.■ YiilM . 




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APRIL, 1985 

Ashland, Mass. — Picture No. 1 


Ashland, Mass. — Picture No. 2 

Picture 3 


Local 627 members congratulated the Ibach 
family for their 178 total years of service at a 
recent meeting where members with 
longstanding service were honored. 

Picture No. 1 shows from left, 45-year 
member William D. Ibach, 15-year member 
William D. Ibach Jr., 42-year member John 
Ibach, and 31-year member Herman Ibach, and 
45-year member Rudolph Ibach (seated). 



Picture No. 2 shows 25-year members, 
left: Ezra Holmes and John Turlington. 

Picture No. 3 shows 30-year members, 
row, from left: Sam Booth, Herman Ibach, 
John Moody, Louis Toth, Carl Ferbrache, 
Gordon Martin, Morris Rushing, Ernest Spivey, 
and William Turner. 

Back row: William C. Williford, James Zuber 
John Sea, business rep.: and George Geiger. 
assistant business rep. 

Picture No. 4 shows 35-year members 


Service pins were presented to members of 
Local 475 at a recent meeting. 

Picture No. 1 shows 35-year members, from 
left: Herbert Estabrook and Donald Schrock. 

Picture No. 2 shows 30-year members, from 
left: Robert Archambeault, Ellsworth Berbard, 
Richard Delong, Edwin Tulis, and Louis 
Tassone Jr. 

Picture No. 3 shows 25-year members, from 
left: James Howley and John McDonald. 

Jacksonville, Fla. — Picture No. 1 

Edward R. Covey, Homer Jordan, James 
Tarrant, Amos T. Lee, Daulton Ramsey, and 
H.C. Burney. 

Picture No. 5 shows 40-year member James 
M. Sides. 

Picture No. 6 shows 45-year members, from 
left: J. Frank Newsom, Dave Carrin, Anthony 
Autore, Fred Grimsley, Rudolph Ibach, William 
D, Ibach Sr., and Adiia Pittman. 

Picture No. 7 shows 50-year member J. 
Frank Newsom. 

Jacksonville, Fla. — Picture No. 2 

Jacksonville, Fla. — Picture No. 3 

Jacksonville, Fla 
Picture No. 5 

Jacksonville, Fla 
Picture No. 7 


After 39 years in the 
Brotherhood, Local 
Hendershott, at age 
91, is still called one 
of the "younger" 


Jacl<sonville, Fla. — Picture No. 4 

Jacksonville, Fla. — Picture No. 6 



in mEmQRiiim 

The following list of 543 deceased members and spouses represents 
a total of $946,473.79 death claims paid in January, 1985; (s) following 
name in listing indicates spouse of members 

Local Union. City 

Local Union. City 

Local Union. City 

Chicago, IL — Mike Z- Miskovich. 
Cincinnati. OH— Dillic Riggs. 
Wheeling. WV— Leonard R. Biles. 
Davenport, [A — Bernard Kapie. 
MinneapoUs, MN — Gust R- Drcssel. Henry Reier- 
son, Lyie Veeder. Victor R. Nickels. 
Buffalo. NY — Ernest Lederhouse. Btocco Decotli- 

Chicago. IL — Samuel. J. Palmer. 
Cleveland. OH — Clarence E. Longstreth. Sr. 
Syracuse. NY— Dugald D. Chisholm. John N, 
Kentch, Robert C. Thompson- 
Chicago. II^Michael J. Hunt. 
Hacliensack. NJ — Carmen Cicalcse. Helen Schuring 
(si, Henry Zawaski, John Camlet. 
Detroit. MI — Steven Skanna- 
New York, NY— Ralph Schwerdt, 
San Francisco, CA — Alice Gertrude Egger(s). Arthur 
McDougal, Dewey Jones, Henry Zanoni. John John* 
son. Lawrence Donnelly. 

Williamsport. PA — Francis P. Swartz. Ira G- Spring- 

Central. CT— Frank Hansen. Herschel Smith. 
Los Angeles, CA — Fred McAllisler. Levi W. De- 

East Detroit, MI — Alex Houston. 
Toronto, Ont., CAN— William Horwood. 
Missoula, MT — Frederick R. Larson. Howard G. 

Trenton, NJ— Clifford P. Drake. 
Boston, MA — Herman J. Langham. 
Oakland. CA— Fred C. Moodv. Waller Croy. 
St. Calhrns, Ont.. CAN— Carl Dahl, 
Boston. MA— Arnold K. W. Kitchen. 
Woburn, MA — John Coles. 

San Francisco. CA — .Ann Rachel Cox (s). Ernest 
Dyer. Joseph Baumann. 

Hartford, CT— Hervey L, Thibodeau. William H. 

54 Chicago, IL^Richard E. Miloch. 

55 Denver, CO — Francis H. Dunn. Ray W. Jensen. 
Susie E. Lira (s). Wilson Banks. 
Kansas City, MO— Charles A. Hutson. Dale F. 
Toburen. Harold Floyd. John T Stanton. Louis F 
Formella. Nathan M. Zibung. Nolan Cnsp. 
Bloominglon, IL — Mildred H. King (s). 
Olean, NY' — Warren Leo Conkey. 
Boston, MA— Dorothy M. Culleton (s). 
Canton, OH — John J. Harmon 
Fort Smith. AR— Allie W, Callan. WMlie Mae Haga 
St. Louis, MO — Ernest Creech. 

74 Chattanooga. TN— James P. Boyd, Sr . Jedd Welch 
76 Hazelton. P.\ — Herbert G Bender. John Banyas. 
80 Chicago. IL — Artie Brown Pnce (s). Henry J. Cau- 

wels. Roland W. Larsen. 

SI. Paul, MN — Edward L. Rosen. Ernest Joseph 

Adams. Joseph H, Bauer. 

Anaconda. MT — Robert Brownfietd. 

Mobile, AL — Agusia Gilmer Reynolds (s). 

EvansvLle, IN— Jack A Shekel! 

Ottawa, Ont., CAN— Joseph Holly. 

Providence, RI — Carlo Ferraro. Dorothy Frances 

Rivard (s). William A. Barrett. 

Detroit, MI — Edward A Heikkinen. 

Spokane, WA — Foster Manning. 

Baltimore, MD — Edward J. Stefanski. Harry W. 


Oakland, CA — Robert Andrade. 

Birmingham, AL — Clarence E, Jones. 

Dayton, OH— Thomas S. Webb. 

Des Moines, lA — Gien West. Joseph A Neubauer. 

Worcester. MA — Chester Kowaleski. Louis Silver 

Springfield. MA — Josephine Rosso (s), 

ShefHeld, AL— Stella Dyar Kelly (s). Walton McGee 

Lawrence. MA — Frednck G. Ellis 

Albany, NY— Harold J. Waile. Kathenne Hallen- 

beck (s). 

Utica. NY— Michael Foil. 

Seattle, WA — Jessie Brackeen (si. Thelma H Power 


Washington, DC — Robert L. Taylor. Rose M. Vance 


New York, NY — Andrew Adamchik. Joseph Vitale, 

Pittsburgh, PA — George Fischer, 

Tarrytown. NY — Edmund Wiltard. 

Helena. MT — Loren Delger. 

San Mateo. CA — Virginia Cetrone (s), 

Kansas City, KS— Roy Wiikerson. 

East St. Louis, IL — Augustine P. Bell. 

Joliel. IL — Milton C. Jones, 

Chicago, IL — Alphonse Peltier. Eugene Anderschat. 

George R. Masterson. Robert Kern, 

Peoria, IL — James E, Carter. Lotus Evelvn McCoy 


Salt Lake City, UT — George K. Ferguson. Raymond 

S. Jones. 

Steubenville. OH — Chester Pensak 

Klamath Falls. OR— Edward C Flanders. 

East Bay, CA — Chris Skovmand. Erma Lee Cade 

(s), Ferryl F. Roberts (s). Harry Shaw Conlin. 

Dallas. TX— Charles C. Keith. Fred E. Ward. Grady 

E. Thompson. Louis A Hocevar 

Columbus, OH — Frederick B, Polen. 

Wichita, KS— Dellard Earl Dtxison, 




















































Stamford, CT— Antoinette Depielro (s). Carl B. 
Chrislensen. Eugene L, Knoor. Frank J, Takacs, 
George Gunther, Harold P, Hermanny, 
Pittsburgh. PA — Rosemary Dougherty (si, 
Boston. MA — George P, Soper, 
Washington. IN — Paul L, Grannan, 
Atlanta, GA — Florence CoUett (s). W. Amos Nixon, 
Glens Falls. NY — Lawrence Campbell. 
Pittsburgh, PA— Alvin E. Allwes. William P. Rump. 
Fort Wavne. IN— David S. Richey. 
Riverside. CA — Caroline Genrude Wolcott (s). Fred- 
nck J, Pierce 

New York. NY — Joseph Svoboda. Joseph Wolak. 
Portland. OR— Catherine Taylor (s). Frank Naylor. 
George H. Lingelbach. Hedvig Marie Erickson (s). 
John O Robson. OialRoyland. Robert E. Brownell. 
Waller Demeis. 

Bloomingburg. NY — Sally Singelseter (s). 
Savannah. GA — James Marvin Amsdorff, 
New York. NY — Dominick Pangia. 
Scranton. PA— Alfred Crandon. Bernard Williams 
Milwaukee. WI — Paul Pucheri. 
Saugerties. NY — Angelo Millefion. Christian B 
Ducker. Philip Koerner. Sr, 
Dresden. OH — Bonnie A. Lee (s), 
Chicago Hgt. IL — Josephine C Capolungo (s). 
Watertown, NY — M. Madeline Olsen (s). 
Niagara-Gen. & Vic, NY— Arthur L. Pellz. Fred- 
erick J C Purucker. Jr.. Wayne E. Flatt. 
Binghamton, NY— Walter Sanford. 
Homestead. PA — Chester F, Degenkolb. 
Huntington. WV — Ernest Lynch. 
Winona. MN — .Arthur R. Nelton. 
Madison. WI — Doran Reinsvold. 
Roanoke, VA — French Mabery. 
Beacon. NY — Knud V, Clausen, 
Waco. TX— Nelson W. Schroeder, 
Oklahoma City, OK— Elbert Francis Shipp. Otto 
LambrechI, Rector A, Bennett, 
New Kensington, PA — Mary Agnes Caruso (s), 
Saginaw, MI — Margaret Ann Mueller (s). Robert B, 

Detroit. MI — George F. Perry. 
Hagerstown. MD — Charles L. Bowers. 
Pawtucket. RI — Dora A. Tavares (s). 
Winnipeg Mani., CAN — William Pearson. 
Memphis, TN — Charlie H. Earnest. Frankie Lee 
Keriey (s). Robert O. Whittle. 
New York, NY— James Bedia. 
Buffalo. NY— Orville N, Ruehl. 
Texarkana, TX— Jesse D. Kuykendall. Robert L, 

Richmond. VA — Benjamin F, Nethery, 
Lewiston, ID — Robert Heimganner 
Omaha, NE — John Joseph Podraza. Leroy Odell. 
Vernon Robert Miller. 
South Bend, IN— Walter D. Stubbs. 
Cincinnati. OH— Donald Ray Coffey. Robert B. 

Sl. Louis, MO— Anna B. Scheinert (s). 
Chicago. IL — Henry Huntley. Seth Ranson. 
Auburn. NY — Harold C. Newman. 
Philadelphia, PA — Elizabeth M. Murphy (s). Reuben 
James Sampson. 
Somerville. NJ — Robert Ernst, 
Clarksville, IN — Raymond E, Age, 
Greensburg, PA — Emidio J , Calabrese. John T. Pok- 
racki. Roy R Rugh, 
Tacoma. WA — Matt Zaferin. 
Ashland. KY'— Walter C. Marcum. 
San Francisco, CA — Aria Mae Schilbred (s). Charles 
Randall Jackson. Sybil Wortman (sj. Velma Ger- 
trude Slake is) 

Mt. Vernon, NY — Thom Seland, 
Kankakee. IL — Frank L. Grey, 
Leavenworth, KS — Anna Wilma Bulzin (s), 
Ann Arbor. MI — Christian Olsen. Sr,. George [*res- 

Wilkes Barre, PA — Jasper R. Kocher. 
Galveston, TX — Agnes M. McElwain (s), 
Washington. DC — George Kemp. 
New York, NY— Arthur Grahl, Joseph Giacopelli. 
Elmhurst, IL — Cecilia Hoene (s). 
Paducab, KY — Sondra Joy Stairs (s). 
Everett, WA— Dorothy G. Weikel (s). 
Pa.scagoula. MS — Velma Lee Holt (s). 
St. John N. F.. CAN— Wallace Kelloway, 
Sacramento, CA — Edith A, Lewis (s). Elva M, Dan- 
kofF(s). Howard E. Kroeger. Robert Miller. 
Lynn. MA — Antoine J, Despres, 
St. Paul. MN— Margaret Stone (s), 
Hammond. IN — Clarence Wagman. 
Hannibal. MO — Davis Ray Dunn, 
New York, NY— Bridget Waldron (si. Martha Helen 
Dressel (s) 

Hampton Roads, VA — Imelda S. Momsette (s), 
Madison. NJ — John Gallan. 

Atlantic County. NJ — Edward P. Trout. Kay Carol 
Woolbert (s). Raymond H, Schulz. Wallace Fisher. 
Brockton, MA— Arthur S. Kish. Sr. . Elmer G. Back- 

Jacksonville, FL — Emmett V Spicer. William D. 

Madison. II. — Harold A. Massa. 
Mt. Vernon. IL — Herbert Gunter. 




















Marion, IL — Cecil Rice. 
Akron. OH— Nick M, Derila, 
Sheboygan, WI — Frank C, Musil, 
Amarillo, TX — Phillip A. Almquist, 
Palo Alto, CA— Edith A, Bradford (s). Lester H. 

Dubuque, lA — Geraldine Hauber (s). 
Little Rock, AR— Elmer E. Price. James Keith Mul- 

Tampa. FL — Carl Martin, Frank B. Love. 
Fresno, CA — Joe P. Musgrave. 
Long Beach. CA — Frank E. Dietrich. Robert L. 

Baton Rouge. LA— William D, Shaffer, 
Litchheld. IL — Roy T. Logsdon, 
Honolulu, HI — Betty S, Yamamolo (s), Edmund S. 
Oyama. Lydia Bayudan (s). 
Bellingham, WA-^eorge Roscoe Hilliard. 
Enid. OK — Leonard Pendergraft. 
Shreveport, LA — Alvin Peevy. 
Pasadena, CA— Charies J, Carr, 
Watsonville, CA — James L, Hayse. 
Dixon, IL — Lennis L. Pate. 
St. Louis, MO— Russell S. Hawks (s). 
Woonsocket, RI — Denis Gelinas. 
Metropolis, IL — Earl Schmidt, 
Cairo. IL— Gorden Blackwell. 
West Palm Bch., FI^-B. E Rhoads. Jr.. John 
Basara. Mary L. Gibbs (s). Michael E. Mitch, 
Vincent E. Leonard. 
Muskegon, MI — Tressie Vanderleest (s). 
Beatrice. NE — Jerome H. Polak, 
Des Plalnes. IL — Mont L. Anderson, 
Canoga Park. CA — Dolores Ellen Noftsier (s). 
Clifton Heights, PA— Robert R Ten-y. 
San Bruno. CA — Edna Rainey (sl, 
Tucson. .4Z — Harold Fordyce. Ralph Peterson. 
Battle Creek, MI — Archie G, Do\^', 
,\ltoona, PA — Gary E, Putt 

Brooklyn. NY — Antonio Pugliese. Edward Kendall. 
Kalispell. MT— Clifton M. Coulter, 
Aurora. IL — Maudie A, Dabney (s), 
Portsmouth, NH — John MacDougall. Joseph Lan- 

Los Angeles. CA — Henry F. Haner. 
Tulsa, OK — Floyd E, Richardson, 
San Bernardino, CA — Bessie A, Marquiss (s). Law- 
rence H, Subletl. William W, Andrews, 
Jefferson City, MO— Churchill N, Pearre, Ralph W. 
rhomas, Richard Patterson, 
Ridgway, PA — Leona Virgie Anderson (s). 
Lake Charles, LA — Johnnie M, Chance (s), 
Appleton, WT — Waller Pontow, 
Springfield. MO — Shelby Harold Smith, 
Detroit, MI — Ethel Halkowych (s). Henry Homer, 
Sr,. Richard Fnske 

Miami, FL — Arthur V, Nielsen. Carl M, Ingles, 
Dorothy M, Walters (s). 
Royal Oak, MI — Bonnie W. Jenkins. 
Merrillville. IN — Drosand Lawrence. 
Cumberland. MD — David W, Ross, 
Chicago. IL— George Batek. Jan Batkiewicz. Mitch- 
ell J- Kurzeja. Waller J. Bajerski, 
Muskegon, MI — Fred Spier, 
Eureka, CA — Dini Dezordo, 

Philadelphia, PA — Alphonse J, Lenzi. NinoCeilucci. 
Hollywood. CA — John Christopher- 
Milwaukee, WI — Finer R. Olsen. Johann Marks. 
Philadelphia. PA — Harry Kolyk. Nathan Tobochn- 

Eau Claire, WI— Clayton Wulff. Elizabeth M. 
McGraw (si 

Baton Rouge. LA — Booth Jones. Willie M, Palmer. 
Woodlawn. AI^Becky E. Rothe (s). 
Portland. OR— D. Fay Davis, 
Boston Vicnty. MA— William C. Parr. 
Annapolis. MD — Laurence A. White. 
San Pedro, CA — Cari O. Christiansen. Wesley T. 

Lawrenceburg, IN — Juanita Webb (s). 
La Crosse. WI — Lillian Powers (s). 
San Francisco. CA — Joseph Hale 
Saratoga Spgs., NY — Roy E. Eastman. 
Montrose, CO— Curtis I. Reames is), 
Billings, MT— Henry W, Amdl, 
Pensacola, FL — Blanche Mae Smith (s). 
Charleston, WV— Herbert Taylor, 
Oroville, CA— Robert M, Queen, 
CarUbad, NM— Walter O, Smith, 
Homestead FL — Emory H, Davis, 
N. Westmnstr.. Be., CAN — Gerald Townsend. 
Decatur, AL — David S. Morris. Jim Perkins. 
Clearwater, FL — Hazel Smith Laursen (s). Mae Julia 
Pelrucelli (s). 

Mountain View, CA — Clifton H, Clayton. Leonard 
W, Nelson, 

Seattle, WA— Dagmar R, Bride (s). J. Elmer John- 
son. Joe Mraz. 

San Diego, CA — Joseph Villarreal. 
Edmonton, Alta, CAN— Arthur J. Bosse 
Toledo, OH— Geraldine M. Kirk Is). 
Cleveland, OH— Stefan Mlynek. 
Province of New Brunswick — Romeo Robichaud. 
Oregon City, OR— Charles B. Corey. 

APRIL, 1985 


Local Union, City- 

























North Hempstead, NY — Edmund Wierzbicki. Vil- 
helm Vuskalns. 

San Pedro, CA — Antonio H. Lopez, Dionicia R. 
Gonzales (s). Edward S. Jones, Vai Lavarini. 
Redwood City, CA— Edgar Peddy, 
Johnstown, PA — David J. Bandzuh. 
Compton, CA — Walter Busteed. 
Detroit, MI— John A. Bradow, Paul C. Daum, Robert 
L. Susor, Virgil Lyons. 
Huntington, Bch., CA— John P. Rasch, Sr. 
Edmonton, Alta, CAN — Lillian Yarrow (s). 
Omaha, NE — James L. Hartiine. 
Redondo, CA — Herbert McVey. Lyie L. Enger. 
La Porte, IN — Edward Johnson, Henry V. Prince. 
Auburn, CA — Albert Chapman. 
Burlington, VT — Jeanne Therrien (s), Ralph Harlow. 
Merrill, VVl — Raymond Fredrich. 
Provo, UT— ClitTord M. Carson, Martha Brimhall 
(s), Webster Tiger. 

Los Angeles, CA — Alden H. Haney, Charles W. 
Robbins. Donald R. Farmer, Ina Viola Hull (s), 
John Monlon. 

Miami, FL — Rose Nunziato (s). 
Martel, CA — Pansy Lee Bruton (s). 
Chicago, IL — Israel Edward Lieberman. 
Kamloops Be, CAN— Daniel A. Mikkel. 
Vancouver Be. CAN — Gordon Edward Sail. 
East San Diego, CA — Ivan L. Crane, John Leroy 
Forrest, John W. Robertson. 
Napoleon, OH — David Norden. 
Sydney, Ns., CAN — Angus D. MacDonald. 
Washington, DC — Michael J. Cronin, Thawley E. 

Sarnia, Ont., CAN — Sophia Kathyrn Glason (s). 
Montgomery County, PA — Fred Valeri. Joseph J. 
Fedick, Paul Parke. 
Bremerton, WA — Allan E. Kinvon. 
Victoria, B.C., CAN— Rosalia Lessard (s). 
Redding. CA— Robert M, Weigart. Sr. 
Hayward, CA — Albert Browning. 
Bloomington, IN — Grace Myers (s). Paul A. Wood. 
Alexandria. VA — Charles R. Newman, Elinor Lock- 
hart (s), Nora Marie Dickerson (s). 
Melbourne-Daytona Beach, FL — Elmer J. Langford. 
Ernest Badgell. John Feathers. 
Penticton, B.C., CAN— Robert W. Cleven. 
Kelso Longview, WA — Ralph L. Stackhouse. 
Huron, SD — Arthur Hanson. 
Wildwood, NJ— Robert B. Hand. 
Marion, VA — Early Kegley. 

Las Vegas, NV — Erick Marvin Spiess. Harold Roar- 
son. Leona K. Woolery (s), Torges Lee. 
Renton, WA — Robert Michael Swettenam. 
Santa Ana, CA — Ellis Burrows, George F. Simmers, 
William McAndrew. 
Washington. DC — Norman L. Mays. 
Snoqualm Fall. WA — Feme Hope Carter (s). Nan 
Haag (s). 

New Orleans, LA — Henry W. Mack, Joseph V. 
Lopiparo. Roger A. Trahan, Shirley M. Brady (s). 
St. Paul, MN— Stanley Shamp. 
Pasco, WA — Elvin Elias Foster, 
Philadelphia, PA — Anna McMahon (s), Frank Doyle, 
John S. Mudryk. Sophie H. Fidler Is), Yank Fuller. 
Downers Grove, IL — Joseph J. Klein. 
Philadelphia, PA — Charles Bauder, Thomas J. Hal- 
lowell, Jr. 

Van Nuys, CA— Walter C. Swafford. 
Phoenix, AZ — Marjorie J. Young (s), Welton L. 

Cleveland. OH— Frank L. Blay. 
Ames. LA — Lowell Lewis. 
Brookfield, IL — Henry Synski. 
Temple, TX — Oscar Wynne. 
Los Angeles, CA — Fred Sinko. 
St. Charles, MO — Lydia Joyce Steele (s). 
Pr. George. B.C., CAN— Daniel Bryce. Rudolfo 

Ocean County, NJ — John E. Connor. Sr. 
Miami, FL — Rockefeller Adams. 
Martinez, CA — George W. Bowen. Joseph G. Greene. 
Gilbertsville, KY— Martha Nelson (s). 
Vista, CA — Donald Duane Biegenzahn. 
Antigo, Wl — Lafayette Montour. 
New York, NY — Eugene Weinstock, Peter Cardillo. 
Las Vegas, NM — Donene Ann Brizal Griego. 
Lakeland, FL— OIlie M. Hamm. 
Goderich, Ont.. CAN — Andrew J. Ernst. 
Houston, TX — Lewis Joseph. 
Grand Rapids, MI — Andrew Root. 
Pittsburgh, PA — John Crone, Jr.. William Caruso. 
Los .Angeles. CA — Roy L. Harris, Walter Gaines. 
Madisonville, KY— Everett C. Goff. 
Monclion, N.B., CAN— Reginald E. Geldart. 
Kalispell, MT — Herman Engstrom. 
Inglewood, CA — Marie Schuster (s). 
Seattle, WA— A. W. Pankievich. Alrick Erickson, 
Francis H. Dammann, Jimmie A. Martin. 
Anchorage, AK — Arne W. Christianson. Woodrow 
W. West. 

Quesnel, B.C., CAN— Mun-ay C, McMaster. 
Redding, CA— Booker T. Smith, Herbert L. Hartley. 
Auburn, CA — John Domitrovich. 
Kalama, W,^ — Bruce B. Haines. 
Klickitat, WA — Robert L. Bonneprise. 
Quebec, Que., CAN — Honore Lavoie. Leo Ross. 
Portland, OR— Melvin H. McKinnon. 
Burns, OR — Arthur W. Pearson, Johannes Gilberg, 
Lloyd Pasteen. 

Roseburg, OR— James F. Gazley, William J. Gild- 
ersleeve, William R. Pulley. 
St. Helens, OR— Dee Wooley. 
Bonner, MT — Harty Conley. Louise Mary Lovitz 
(s), Patrick J- Thibodeau. 

Local Union, C/A' 

3088 Stockton, CA— Archie Albertini, Howard Chatlield, 
Octavio Lopez Seixas. Rina Stern (s). 

3141 San Francisco, CA — Robert Dale Nielson. Jr. 

3148 Memphis, TN — Angelo Hicks. 

7000 Province of Quebec, LCL 134-2,- Valeda Cloulier 

9224 Houston, TX — David Sinclair. 

CORRECTION: We are informed that, 
through a data processing error, we incor- 
rectly listed Kirk T. Hennig of Local 2396, 
Seattle. Wash., and J. Pierce, Local 101 . 
Essex. Md.. among the deceased members. 
Both are very much alive, and we regret the 


Continued from Page 18 

should be 19 to 23 inches in length, 6 
to 12 inches wide and 9 to 14 inches 
high. Other than that, there are no 
further regulations. 

"Postmasters are authorized," the 
manual continues, "to approve mail- 
boxes constructed by individuals who 
for esthetic or other reasons do not 
wish to use a manufactured box. But 
the box they construct must conform 
generally to the same requirements as 
approved manufactured boxes relative 
to the flag, size, strength, and quality 
of construction." 

A Midwest publisher recently issued 
a book entitled "Mailbox Mania," in 
which there are no less than 200 "crazy" 
mailbox photos. And he says that he's 
merely scratched the surface relative 

If you have a standard rural mail- 
box, you know how annoying it can 
sometimes be to remove mail from 
it. especially when sitting in your 

There's a company now manufac- 
turing a snap-in plastic "EZ MAIL" 
which fits into your rural box and 
pulls out, as shown above. It is de- 
signed with patented spring tabs to 
prevent it from accidentally being 
pulled out and a front flap that folds 
flat to accept large packages. For 
more information write: EZ Mail 
Corp.. 57 Chestnut St., Norwalk. 
Conn. 06854. 

But. of course, if you're an enter- 
prising journeyman carpenter or 
cabinetmaker, you might want to 
make vour own. 

to "esthetic" mailboxes. In other words, 
he has hundreds of others in his files. 

Statistically, there are 13.4 million 
rural mailboxes in the United States, 
served by 21,600 rural postoffices. In 
physical appearance, these mailboxes 
run from the ordinary to the ridiculous 
and the sublime. Question any rural 
mail carrier and he or she will admit to 
having several "crazy" mailboxes on 
the route served. 

Once yearly, each rural postoffice is 
supposed to sponsor a mailbox im- 
provement week, usually in the spring, 
encouraging customers to repaint and 
repair their boxes, or to replace them 
entirely. So out come the gismos, the 
soldering irons, the welding torches, 
with the resulting new mailbox that is, 
at least, a new image at the head of the 
farm lane. 

Uncle Sam accepts this, but there is 
some thing he does frown upon: effigies 
or caricatures. So if you've always 
wanted to rib your county road com- 
missioner, or the implement dealer who 
sold you a combine that turned out to 
be a lemon, forget it! 

It might be mentioned here also, for 
the benefit of the teen-agers with their 
newly acquired auto driving permits — 
don't topple a mailbox or two some 
dark night just for fun. You'll get into 
big trouble with Uncle if you do! 

Now if you want to view these es- 
thetic creations first hand, take a lei- 
surely drive through the countryside 
some sunny afternoon, and feast your 
eyes on the esthetic, the ridiculous or 
the sublime! 

Waldmann Plant 

Continued from Page 24 

when the architect tiesignates them. To en- 
sure prompt and. often more important, 
careful delivery, the company owns and 
operate its own fleet of tractor-trailers. Its 
plants are equipped with the most modem 
machinery, including a 12-by-6 foot hot plate 
veneer press which turns out perfectly 
matched veneer panels. 

After being cut to specific sizes in the 
rough-cutting department, wood for a project 
proceeds to the machining department where 
it is shaped and sized by planners, routers, 
and other electric woodworking appara- 
tuses. In this department they have various 
sanding equipment, wide-belt, narrow-belt, 
drum, and profile brush, to perform specific 
tasks. They also have a special machine for 
sanding molding. The unit is assembled once 
the pieces are prepared, and then it's thor- 
oughly inspected to be sure it meets the 
architects' specifications. A finish is applied 
before the piece moves to the upfitting de- 
partment for the installation of glass and 
hardware fixtures. When inspected and ready 
to go. the assembly is transported to the 
installation site by Waldmann trucks and 
installed by local union craftsmen. A team 
of 10 e.\pert installers supervises every job. 




Here's a double-tape measure which serves 
as a unique centering tool. It has locking 12- 
foot tapes which pull out to the left and 
right. To find a mid-point of any length up 
to 24 feet, extend both tapes, then adjust 
the body until the two measurements are the 
same, press the button on top and a steel 
pin on the bottom marks the center. 

You can even measure around comers or 
use the pin as a center to draw arcs or 
circles. There's a belt clip on the back. The 
5-inch case can be used as a straight edge. 
The steel blades are '/»", and the E-Z Two 
Tape Measure is made totally in America, 
we are told. 

The manufacturer tells us, "In our search 
for component suppliers, we ascertained that 
blades made elsewhere — Mexico and Tai- 
wan, primarily — were not accurate and could 
'wander' a quarter inch from blade to blade. 
Return springs were made of inferior steel 
and did not have longevity." 

The E-Z Two-Tape retails for $19.95, plus 
$1.75 for handling and shipping. California 
residents add 6'/:% sales tax. 

For an informative brochure or to 
order write: E-Z Two-Tape Measure, 
1609 West Magnolra Blvd., Burbank, 
Calif. 91506. Telephone: (818) 842- 


Clifton Enterprises 29 

Estwing Mfg. Company . . .27 

Foley Belsaw 35 

Hydrolevel 27 

Marsupial Enterprises 39 

Stanley Tools . . . Back Cover 


The benefits and advantages of the Per- 
manent Wood Foundation (PWF) for hous- 
ing are outlined in a new brochure available 
from the American Plywood Association. 

Built of pressure-preservative-treated ply- 
wood and lumber, the Permanent Wood 
Foundation is an engineered system that has 
been extensively tested and proven by over 
two decades of research. Some 80,000 homes 
and other structures, including many man- 
ufactured homes, already are anchored on 
Permanent Wood Foundations. The system 
is recognized by major building codes. 

For manufactured home buyers, the chief 
advantage is better financing. Manufactured 
homes with Permanent Wood Foundations 
qualify in many areas for 30-year mortages. 
So instead of short-term loans with higher 
rates and monthly payment, the manufac- 
tured home buyer can enjoy the same fi- 
nancing advantages as apply to conventional 
site-built homes. 

Free single copies of the new brochure, 
published jointly by the American Plywood 
Association. Southern Forest Products As- 
sociation and Western Wood Products As- 
sociation, are available by writing Amencan 
Plywood Association, P.O. Box 11700, Ta- 
coma. Wash. 98411. 


"The Long Arm" 
puts .an end to strug- 
gling with bulky 
sheets of plywood 
and sheet rock. This 
new tool enables one 
person to easily carry 
4' X 8' sheets with 
one hand. It's strong, 
light weight, made of 
ViH aluminum with 
knurled wood han- 
dle. It has a unique 
lever action that al- 
lows one person to 
raise and fasten a 
sheet at the same 

"The Long Arm" sells 
and is available from the 
Main St., P.O. Box CR, 
13464. For additional information call Loni 
Kaboly (607) 563-8759. 


for $26.99 ppd. 

Holly Hill Co., 

Smyrna, N.Y. 

The WASP, an atmospheric diving suit, 
introduced to the offshore oil mdustry in 
1974, was recently taken down to depths of 
2,000 feet below the Pacific Ocean surface 
by researchers of Woods Hole Oceano- 
graphic Institution to see what it could do. 
Oceaneering International, Inc.. the manu- 
facturer, reports that it performed well. 

Oceaneering owns and operates 27 ADS 
(Atmospheric Diving Suits) which have col- 
lectively logged several thousand hours of 
working dives in every major worldwide 
offshore location. The company operates 
two types of ADS, the JIM and the WASP. 
The JIM has patented articulated arms and 
legs, while the WASP has the same arm, but 
utilizes thrusters for midwater work capa- 

The WASP is a "body submarine" which 
must be tethered to a surface ship, but it 
carries its own life support system. With 
foot pedals and other devices the diver can 
control its articulated arms, which have 
claws at the ends. A Plexiglass dome allows 
the occupant to look in almost all directions. 

For more information: Oceaneering Inter- 
national, Inc., P.L. Box 19464, Houston, 
Tex. 77224. 

NOTE: A report on new products and processes 
on this page in no way constitutes an endorsement 
or recommendation. All performance claims are 
based on statements by the manufacturer. 


Unsnap modular link -k and slide apart tor side pouches 
Durability of leather, at 1/5 the weight • Washable 
Bartacked/brass riveted at all ma|or stress pts 
Buckle-less belt w/veicro closure • Will not mildew 
Contours to the body • Peel & stick custom fit 
Pouch has 6 oversize pockets & Heavy duly hammer si. 
Tape Holder holds 1"x 25" tapes • 1 year guaranty. 
Made from DuPont "CODURA""- 

u <r, n \ 

Q Q Q X _l 

^ ^ ^ < < 

OOO ^ 1- 

III o O 

oS^ o ^ 

en 5 in ♦ 

to U tn H 


APRIL, 1985 


Two vital issues: 

the L-P Boycott 

and the proposals 

to tax life-support 

We've never walked away from 
a fight, and we won't now! 

I have spoken with you about the Louisiana-Pacific 
strike before and about the determination the L-P 
strikers have shown throughout this difficult struggle. 
rd Uke to take this opportunity to once again speak 
with you about these workers, the importance of 
their fight, and the Brotherhood's response. 

I had the good fortune recently to be able to spend 
some time with many of the L-P strikers and other 
Brotherhood members working in the wood products 
industry. In talking with these workers, one thing 
was clear despite the hardships that have been en- 
dured during the 22-month-old strike, our striking 
members at L-P are more determined then ever to 
fight L-P's union-busting efforts. Families have been 
disrupted, many have gone hungry, and mortgages 
have been foreclosed, but their determination grows. 

In my conversations with these workers, it was 
clear that their commitment to this fight was based 
on two things: the rightness of their cause and the 
support they have received from Brotherhood mem- 
bers throughout the United States. 

Louisiana-Pacific set out two years ago to bust its 
employees' union. The company withdrew from an 
industry bargaining association, and then advanced 
a bargaining position which called for wage and 
benefit rollbacks, the imposition of mandatory over- 
time, the elimination of vacation benefits, and the 
removal of union security provisions from their col- 
lective bargaining agreements. L-P's chairman, who 
in the year of the strike made $2.4 million dollars, 
spoke openly of his "Southern strategy," which was 
designed to impose the poverty-level wages paid at 
the company's Southern mills on its workers in the 
Pacific Northwest. 

After our Western Council reached agreement with 
the rest of the industry on a modest three-year 
contract which took into account industry difficulties, 
the fight was on with L-P. While the union-busting 
tactics and proposals advanced by L-P are the basis 
for this strike, the fight against L-P stands for far 
more. Employers throughout this country, with the 
aid and comfort of the Reagan Administration, are 
trying to turn back the clocks on working men and 

women in this country. L-P went so far as to say on 
local television that they wished they could "return 
to the work ethics of the 20s and 30s." The L-P 
strikers have said "no" to L-P and they have made 
hard sacrifices to resist L-P's efforts which threaten 
workers throughout the forest products industry. 
These workers are fighting not only for themselves 
and their brothers and sisters in their industry, but 
for all of us. They have said "no" for all of us to the 
attacks on workers' rights and livelihoods. 

Another important factor which has contributed to 
the determination of the L-P strikers is the over- 
whelming support Brotherhood members throughout 
the country have provided them. In each of my 
conversations with the strikers, they expressed eter- 
nal gratitude for the aid and support they have 
received from Brotherhood members everywhere. 
The generous and continuing support which has been 
forthcoming has enabled these workers to continue 
the fight — our fight. 

Beginning with the rally by 1,500 Brotherhood 
members on Wall Street in New York, we have 
responded as a Brotherhood united in support of our 
brothers and sisters. The generous financial support 
provided by retirees, active members, and affiliates 
across the country has been tremendous. The boycott 
efforts of our members throughout the country have 
been great and the boycott activity is intensifying 
each week. On one recent weekend alone, over 400 
Brotherhood members in the state of New Jersey 
manned boycott lines at retailers selling L-P products. 
Our presence on the boycott lines has been felt, as 
nearly 300 stores have dropped L-P's wood products 
as a resuh of our boycott actions. 

We've hit L-P at every turn, and we'll continue to 
do so until this fight is won. We've demonstrated at 
every event attended by L-P representatives, from 
industry association meetings to stock analyst meet- 
ings. Affiliates have challenged L-P's plant expansion 
programs in every part of the country by successfully 
opposing environmental, zoning, and building per- 
mits. We've worked closely with religious and com- 
munity groups to broaden our base of support against 
L-P. We have taken our fight against L-P to Congress 
and legislative and administrative offices throughout 
the country. Our impact on L-P is clear: since the 
strike started the company's stock has fallen from 
$36.50 per share to $20.50, and we're not through 

Saturday, May 4, has been designated "L-P Boy- 
cott Day" by the Brotherhood's Executive Board. 
On this day, I would like to see every local and 
council in the country conduct boycott activity in 
their area. We've started an "Adopt a Lumber Store" 
program in which every affiliate is asked to identify 
a lumber store in their area carrying L-P wood 
products and begin regular boycott activity. 

The struggle of the L-P strikers has been long and 
difficult, and its not over yet, but through the deter- 
mination and the support of Brotherhood members 
everywhere L-P knows it's in a fight. The United 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America 



has been representing workers for more than a cen- 
tury, and our record is a long and honorable one. In 
building this record, we've never walked away from 
a fight, and we're not going to start now. We intend 
to continue our support for the L-P strikers until they 
obtain full justice. 

If one thing is clear from this struggle, it is that 
our strength as a union lies in our willingness and 
determination to join ranks in fighting attacks on the 
livelihoods and dignity of Brotherhood members 
anywhere. I am proud of the way we have responded 
as a union, from the boycott lines to the expressions 
of material support and encouragement for the stri- 
kers. As the fight against L-P continues, I am confi- 
dent that the L-P strikers will benefit from the growing 
support of Brotherhood members united against a 
common challenge. 

The L-P strike and boycott is only one of several 
issues of particular concern to American wage earners 
this month. There are several legislative bills intro- 
duced in the current session of the Congress which 
are intended to make life more difficult for workers 
who want to form unions or join unions and negotiate 
for their betterment under normal and democratic 

The most important to us at this time are proposals 
to tax our health insurance and other job-related 
benefits — part of what we call our fringe benefits. 
Essentially, what the enemies of organized labor are 
trying to do is rip apart what you could literally call 
our "life-support system" over and above our wages 
and working conditions. It would cancel out years of 
struggle at the bargaining table for group health plans, 
group insurance plans, pension plans and the like — 
all of which were entered into for the practical reason 
that group plans saved us money and they assured 
employers of a healthy and stable work force. They 
are as much a benefit to employers as they are to 
workers. Most of the wage earners of North Amer- 
ica — whether they be union or non-union — are cov- 
ered by some form of group health and life insurance. 
Taxing these so-called benefits amounts to laying the 
burden of the multi-billion-dollar national deficit on 
the backs of the working people of the United States. 

You can be sure that the people who have been 
trying to destroy Social Security through the years 
are the same people now trying to destroy employee 
health insurance and other job-related benefits. 

In the name of "tax reform" and deficit reduction. 
Congress has already imposed tax burdens on em- 
ployee benefits, including multi-employer plan ben- 
efits. Just last year, the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984 
imposed new limits on the deductibility of employer 
contributions to employee welfare benefit plans and 
subjected the earnings of such plans to new taxes on 
so-called "unrelated business taxable income." The 
Act also repealed the estate tax exclusion for benefits 
paid from pension plans. 

As union leaders warned last month in testimony 

before the House Education and Labor Committee, 
millions of families rely on these job-related benefits, 
and a lot more than tax dollars are at stake in these 
disruptive tax proposals. A new payroll tax on em- 
ployer-provided benefits would severly split the na- 
tion's workforce by age and family status. Family 
protection would be reduced and made more costly. 

We must remember that employee benefits are not 
gifts or grants from employers. They represent earned 
benefits, resulting from tough negotiations where 
unions sometimes gave up something and the em- 
ployer or contractor gave up something. 

Many previous Congresses have encouraged em- 
ployers to assume the social functions and respon- 
sibilities provided by employee benefits. This ap- 
proach to general health care, retirement security, 
Hfe, disability, and unemployment insurance was 
considered preferable to the socialized systems of 
other industrial nations. We have followed this route 
for a half a century, and now a conservative admin- 
istration in Washington wants to turn back the clock 
and destroy what has been achieved by laying a 
heavy tax burden on it. 

We can't turn back social progress. I urge you to 
write your Congressman and senators and demand 
that they vote "no" to any effort to tax employee 
health and welfare benefits. 

Patrick J. Campbell 
General President 


101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 

Address Correction Requested 

Non-Profit Org. 



Permit No. 






■ iOn the feb, tlwe's one sure way to spot the master carpenter or bu i idilg tradesman . 

1 It'sthe BadAf the Professional, the25-footStanleyPOWERLOCKnapeRuleclifc^ 
I ^herever you see the Badge of the Professional , you're sure to see othar Star l'--^ 

f top-of-the-lirW)ols, ..levels, squares, hammers, saws, planes, and chisels. It makelgODd sense, 
' Stan ley tools»ver quality that won't quit. That's why you'll see Stan ley tools that i^vebee^n 
on the job for^Jor more generations. \ 

See for yourself. The next time you see someone whose work you respejt,, ,^_^ 
y^iSokforthe Badgeof theProfessional. It'sagood ruletofollow. 


hel^ you do thiniisll 





May 1985 

United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners of Anierica 




101 Constitution Ave., N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Patrick J. Campbell 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 200O1 



101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Anthony Ochocki 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


John S. Rogers 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Wayne Pierce 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


William Sidell 
William Konyha 


First District, Joseph F. Lia 

120 North Main Street 
New City, New York 10956 

Second District, George M. Walish 

101 S. Newtown St. Road 

Newtown Square, Pennsylvania 19073 

Third District, John PRirrrr 
504 E. Monroe Street #402 
Springfield, Illinois 62701 

Fourth District, 

Fifth District, 

Sixth District, Dean Sooter 

400 Main Street #203 
Rolla, Missouri 65401 

Seventh District, H. Paul Johnson 
Gramark Plaza 

12300 S.E. Mallard Way #240 
Milwaukie, Oregon 97222 

Eighth District, M. B. Bryant 
5330-F Power Inn Road 
Sacramento, California 95820 

Ninth District, John CARRtrrHERS 
5799 Yonge Street #807 
Willowdale, Ontario M2M 3V3 

Tenth District, Ronald J. Dancer 
1235 40th Avenue, N.W. 
Calgary, Alberta, T2K OG3 

Patrick J. Campbell, Chairman 
John S. RogeKs, Secretary 

Correspondence for the General Executive Board 
should be sent to the General Secretary. 

Secretaries, Please Note 

In processing complaints about 
magazine delivery, the only names 
which the financial secretary needs to 
send In are the names of members 
who are NOT receiving the magazine. 

In sending in the names of mem- 
bers who are not getting the maga- 
zine, the address forms mailed out 
with each monthly bill should be 
used. When a member clears out of 
one local union into another, his 
name is automatically dropped from 
the mailing list of the local union he 
cleared out of. Therefore, the secre- 
tary of the union into which he cleared 
should forward his name to the Gen- 
eral Secretary so that this member 
can again be added to the mailing list. 

Members who die or are suspended 
are automatically dropped from the 
mailing list of The Carpenter. 


NOTE: Filling out this coupon and mailing it to the CARPENTER only cor- 
rects your mailing address for the magazine. It does not advise your own 
local union of your address change. You must also notify your local union 
... by some other method. 

This coupon should be mailed to THE CARPENTER, 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20001 


Local No 

Number of your Local Union must 
be given. Otherwise, no action can 
be taken on your chan^ce of address. 

Social Security or (in Canada) Social Insurance No.. 



State or Province 

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ISSN 0008-6843 

VOLUME 105 No. 5 MAY, 1985 

John S. Rogers, Editor 



Deficits and Taxes 2 

Tax Incentives Fail to Provide New Jobs 5 

Leon Greene Retires as 5th District Board Member 5 

'Violence' Hearings Expose Union-Busters' Role David Perlman 6 

Missing and Exploited Children 9 

Louisiana-Pacific: The Fight Goes On 10 

50th CAPS to be Installed 13 

The 1985 Union Industries Show 14 

Canadian Industrial Conference 15 

A Miniature Master 16 

The Shocking Truth About Electrical Hazards 18 

UBC Petitions OSHA to Regulate Wood Dust 19 


If some of the ultra-conservative lob- 
byists in Washington, D.C. had their 
way, you'd be taxed on your health care 
benefits, your group life insurance, any 
educational assistance for your children 
in college, your unemployment insurance 
when you're out of work, and any work- 
ers' compensation you receive during the 
course of a year. These various life- 
support benefits have been negotiated in 
good faith with management over the 
course of many decades, and now there's 
a move to tax them. 

Meanwhile, an estimated $90 billion in 
corporate taxes is slipping out of Uncle 
Sam's fingers each year because of 
loopholes in the U.S. tax code. Legal tax 
avoidance among businesses is becoming 
commonplace, according to Citizens for 
Tax Justice, a labor-supported organi- 

With heavy deficits in the Federal budget 
because of Congressional spending and 
requirements of national defense, many 
legislators are now re-examining the tax 
situation and urging reform — something 
which organized labor has sought for 
years. This spring labor union represen- 
tatives, including your own UBC legis- 
lative advocates, are working hard for 
tax justice. Your letters to Members of 
Congress and your continued support of 
the Carpenters Legislative Improvement 
Committee are needed. — Lower illustra- 
tion from H. Armstrong Roberts. 


Washington Report 8 

Ottawa Report 12 

We Congratulate 20 

Consumer Clipboard: Spring Clean Your Files 22 

Local Union News 23 

Retirees' Notebook 29 

Apprenticeship and Training 30 

Plane Gossip 32 

Service to the Brotherhood 33 

In Memoriam 37 

What's New? 39 

President's Message Patrick J. Campbell 40 

Published monthly al 3342 Bladensburg Road, Brentwood. Md 20722 by the United Brotherhood ot Carpenters 
and Joiners ol America. Subscription pnce. United States and Canada $10.00 per year, single copies $1.00 in 


Air Cm:rtng— Sec foBC 2 











V -y 

Printed in U.S.A. 

' f^r^. 


Growing loopholes and lagging corporate investments 
spell trouble for the U.S. and Canadian economies 

If you're like most memhers of the 
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and 
Joiners of America who filed income 
tax returns last month, you found few 
loopholes in the tax code which offered 
advantages to you. Like other wage 
earners, you paid through the nose. 

While you were struggling over In- 
ternal Revenue Tax Form 1040 or a 
Canadian counterpart, an estimated 
9,000 to 10,000 other people in the 
United States with incomes of $250,000 
or more were legally avoiding any tax 
payments at all. Thousands more came 
close to paying nothing. Wealthy Amer- 
icans avoided paying taxes on more 
than $35 billion of their income in 1983, 
the U.S. Treasury reports, by investing 
their money in oil drilling, real estate. 
dairy farms, avocados, and other ven- 
tures that qualify for deductions, cred- 
its, and assorted tax breaks. "Tax shel- 
tered" investments have become so 
important to wealthy individuals and 
corporations that they are actually dis- 
torting the national economy. 

The cost of what the Washington 
Post calls "the vast web of budget and 
tax provisions" enacted by the U.S. 
Congress in recent years has become 
so complex that thousands of corpo- 
rations and thousands of wealthy citi- 
zens are effectively escaping their share 
of the tax burden. Federal tax breaks 
to businesses and people in Fiscal 1986 
alone are expected to exceed $400 bil- 
lion, about twice the projected federal 
deficit for next year. 

Nine years ago, when Jimmy Carter 
accepted the Democratic presidential 
nomination, he told convention dele- 
gates, "It is time for a complete over- 
haul of our tax system. It is a disgrace 
to the human race." 

A month later, Gerald Ford began 
campaigning on a Republican platform 
which stated, "Our tax laws have be- 
come a nightmare of complexity and 
unfair tax preferences, virtually de- 
stroying the credibility of the tax sys- 
tem. Simplification should be the major 
goal of tax reform." 

When Gerald Ford was in office, a 
decade ago, there were 12 recognized 
"unfair tax preferences," or loopholes, 
in the U.S. Tax Code. By the time Mr. 
Carter lost the presidency to Ronald 
Reagan the total number of loopholes 
had reached 92, according to one tax- 
payers group. A year later President 
Reagan's famous tax cuts, which only 
saved a few dollars per month for the 
average taxpayer, did reduce tax rates 
and lower inflation, but also added 10 
more loopholes. 

Canadians, too, face an unsettled tax 
situation. With a $34 billion deficit fac- 
ing it, the new administration of Prime 
Minister Brian Mulroney awaits the 
Finance Minister's budget on May 22. 
The Finance Minister is expected to 
call for more curbs on federal spending 
-and not request higher taxes. 

Legal tax avoidance among busi- 
nesses is becoming commonplace, ac- 
cording to Citizens for Tax Justice, a 
labor-supported organization. At least 
128 multinational corporations paid no 


taxes for at least one of the years 1981 
to 1983 despite their having received 
$57 billion in combined profits. They 
accomplished this through the use of 
tax deductions, exemptions, and credits 
for certain tax-favored investments, 
particularly for purchases of equip- 

A tax dodge for some companies is 
the tax credit allowed for research and 
development. Under current law, com- 
panies can receive tax credits of 25% 
of the increase in R & D in proportion 
to the average of their spending over 
the previous three years. Many high- 
technology firms are taking advantage 
of this tax preference. 

There is good argument for a tax 
write-off for research and development 
in some cases. Research and develop- 
ment is needed to keep the nation mov- 
ing ahead in medical research, defense 
technology, computer hard and soft- 
ware, and to keep us competitive in 
international markets. The rationale for 
a tax credit for research is that, unlike 
most other kinds of economic activities, 
the benefits of research don't accrue 
only to the company that does the work 
but in many cases to the nation as a 
whole. A company might be not be able 
to undertake some research projects if 
it didn't have the incentive of the federal 
tax break. 

There is evidence, however, that some 
companies have used the R&D credit 
to pursue questionable research objec- 
tives. Sometimes government help has 
enabled companies to obtain windfall 
profits because of "spin off products. 
It's estimated by the House Ways and 
Means Committee in Washington that 
R&D tax deductions have cut federal 
tax revenue by about SU billion a year. 
This allowable tax credit expires at the 
end of this year under the law which 
created it, and legislators are trying to 
make sure that a more equitable version 
of the law takes its place next year. 

The R&D credit is only one of many 
tax preferences afforded big business. 

"It's no secret," says the Citizens 
for Tax Justice. "The federal corporate 
income tax is but a loophole-riddled 
shadow of its former self. Back in the 
1950s and 1960s, it contributed a quarter 
of all federal revenues. By 1983, its 
share had dropped to 6.2%, with loop- 
holes reducing corporate tax revenues 
by $1.67 for every dollar actually col- 

The largest loophole of all is the 
Accelerated Cost Recovery System, 
ACRS, a system of super-accelerated 
write-offs for business investments in 
plant and equipment adopted as part of 
the 1981 Reagan tax bill. Together, 
ACRS, the investment tax credit, and 
other corporate loopholes now cost the 
federal government more than any other 


Proposals for Income Tax 
Simplification and Fairness 

Three major proposals before the U.S. 
Congress make a stab at federal tax 
simplification and fairness. There is a 
Treasury plan which takes up two vol- 
umes and 670 pages. There is the FAST 
(Fair and Simple Tax) bill sponsored by 
Rep. Jack Kemp of New York and Sen. 
Robert Kasten of Wisconsin, both Re- 
publicans. And there is the Fair Tax 
proposal sponsored by Sen. Bill Bradley 
of New Jersey and Rep. Richard Ge- 
phardt of Missouri, both Democrats. 
Congress watchers anticipate a compro- 
mise of all three of these proposals as 
they work their way over Capitol Hill. 

Here's how the plans would affect: 

TAX RATES — There would be fewer 
categories of tax rates under all these 

Kemp-Kasten would 
keep them. Bradley- 
Gephardt would put 
a cap on them. 
Treasury would limit 
them to a taxpayer's 
primary residence. 

EST — Treasury and 
would limit them. 
Kemp-Kasten would 
repeal them, except for education loans. 


Treasury and Kemp-Kaster would dou- 
ble them to $2,000. Bradley-Gephardt 
would increase the taxpayer's exemption 
to $1,600 but leave dependents' exemp- 
tions at $1,000 each. 

LOCAL — Treasury would repeal these 
deductions. The other two plans would 
keep them. 

LOCAL— Only Bradley-Gephardt would 
keep them deductible. 

CAL — All three plans would abolish these 


Treasury would keep this. The Treasury 

plan, however, would disallow income 
averaging for taxpayers who were full- 
time students during the base period. 

PLES — Kemp-Kasten would modify this 
deduction. The other two plans would 
repeal it. 

CAPITAL GAINS— Their preferen- 
tial treatment would end under Treasury 
and Bradley-Gephardt. Treasury would 
index gains for inflation. Kemp-Kasten 
would let a taxpayer choose between 
indexing gains for inflation or excluding 
from taxation 40% of gains. 

IRAs — Treasury would raise the an- 
nual deposit for an Individual Retirement 
Account to $2,500 and make it available 
to spouses working in the home. Current 
law would not change under the other 
two plans. 

exclusion of em- 
ployer-paid premi- 
ums would be re- 
pealed, above a 
certain amount, un- 
der Treasury and 
would be limited un- 
der Bradley-Ge- 
phardt. In both 
cases, some of these 
benefits would be 
taxed as regular in- 
come. Kemp-Kas- 
ten would keep them 

LIFE INSURANCE— Treasury would 
repeal the exclusion for employer pro- 
vided premiums, so that value would be 
taxed as regular income. The other two 
plans would keep them untaxed. 

CHARITY — Treasury would limit 
deductible contributions. Bradley- 
Gephardt would modify them. Kemp- 
Kasten would keep them. 

Because none of the plan would estab- 
lish one rate for all personal incomes, 
with no preferences, it's impossible for 
itemizers with a variety of income sources 
and deductible expenses to figure out. in 
advance, under which plan they'd be 
better off, and by how much. 

Not even a tax expert can easily keep 
straight who would make out how. 

program in the budget except defense 
and Social Security, and far more than 
all federal programs for the poor com- 

You don't find the corporate lobby- 

ists in Washington calling ACRS a tax 
loophole, of course. High-powered at- 
torneys who double as corporate lob- 
Continued nexf page 

MAY, 19 85 

P<«idealii3l | 

Filing Stalus 


\ \ 

\ ----^ 

Personal income taxes were paid last month in both the United States and Canada. As 
the official tax form at left above indicates, each Canadian province has its own tax form 
which is filed with the federal government . Prorated tax revenues in varying percentages 
are then returned to the provinces. The form above is for the province of Ontario. 

byists in the nation's capital do not call 
such measures tax loopholes. They call 
them "incentives"" or "revenue en- 
hancements.'" ACRS was supposed to 
increase the number of jobs available, 
too. Unfortunately, because many cor- 
porations didn"t respond patriotically 
to Mr. Reagan" s call for re-investments 
in North America, investors profited 
more than job seekers through manip- 
ulations of ACRS. 

"After the 'incentives" entered the 
tax code, no one has seemed very 
interested in finding out if they actually 
result in the increased capital spending 
promised so persuasively by the cor- 
porate lobbyists,"' the Citizens for Tax 
Justice point out. "Each year the fed- 
eral government forgoes tens of billions 
of dollars in corporate tax revenues in 
the name of encouraging greater busi- 
ness investment without holding either 
the lobbyists or their corporate em- 
ployers accountable if the additional 
investment fails to materialize."" 

By now, every American voter and 
taxpayer knows of the dilemma facing 
the U.S. Congress: In simple terms, 
lots of bills and appropriations and not 
enough revenue coming in to cover all 
the indebtedness. You have probably 
seen the television commercial showing 
two men asking a newborn baby to sign 
a paper acknowledging a debt he is born 
with, amounting to $50,000. If the Rea- 
gan Administration and the Congress 
continue to postpone tax reform, this 

picture may become more real than 

Last year, prior to the November 
elections, the AFL-CIO, with our en- 
dorsement, presented the same plat- 
form proposals to both political parties. 
This is what we said, in part: 

The Reagan Administration has en- 
gineered a radical and irresponsible re- 
structuring of the tax system, severely 
damaging its effectiveness as a revenue 
source, an economic balance wheel, 
and a means to a more equitable society. 

These unfair irresponsible tax give- 
aways must be reversed. Measures such 
as value-added taxes and flat-tax 
schemes must be rejected and a com- 
prehensive program enacted to attack 
the array of unfair and costly credit, 
deductions and exclusions which have 
heaped the tax burden onto low- and 
moderate-income Americans while 
benefiting the wealthy and the corpo- 
rations. A program to end the tax 
giveaways would restore an element of 
even-handedness to the tax system and 
recapture revenues urgently needed to 
narrow the deficit, prevent a resurgence 
of interest rates, and permit a sustained, 
balanced economic recovery. 

Key elements of such a program 
should include: 

• Repeal ofthe indexation provisions 
enacted in 1981 and scheduled to begin 
in 1985. 

• A curb on the inequitable tax 

avoidance of the so-called savings in- 
centives put into effect by the 1981 
Reagan Tax Act. 

• Phasing out of the 60% exclusion 
of profits from the sale of stocks, bonds, 
real estate of other capital gains, as 
well as the complete exemption of such 
gains when passed on to heirs. 

• Restoration of the corporate in- 
come tax. This tax, once a key source 
of revenue, equity, and economic bal- 
ance, now accounts for less than 10% 
of federal revenue each year and thou- 
sands of profitable corporations pay no 
income tax at all. 

• Ending tax subsidies that encour- 
age U.S. -based firms to locate overseas. 

• Repeal of the 1981 Accelerated 
Cost Recovery depreciation system and 
enactment of a business machinery, 
equipment, and real estate depreciation 
system that reflects an accurate, real- 
istic accounting of business capital in- 
vestment costs and income for tax pur- 

• Removal ofthe special tax "incen- 
tives'" that riddle the business tax struc- 
ture. These preferences, like the oil 
depletion allowance, the investment tax 
credit, and the employment tax credit, 
rarely meet their stated objectives and 
amount to devices that waste huge 
amounts of revenue by providing wind- 
fall tax benefits to firms for doing what 
they would do anyway. 

Proposals to change current practice 
relating to deductions and the taxation 
of workers" fringe benefits must be 
balanced against other measures to re- 
quire the wealthy and the corporations 
to pay their fair share ofthe tax burden. 
They must not add to the unfair tax 
burden borne by workers and particu- 
larly should not be targeted as source 
of revenue to make up for the huge and 
inequitable cuts of 1981. 

For the same reason — simple fair- 
ness — schemes to increase federal tax 
revenue through "value-added,"' "flat," 
or other regressive forms of taxation 
should be repudiated and rejected. 

A temporary surtax should be en- 
acted to meet the current defense budget 
needs. Such a tax should be levied on 
both corporations and individuals; the 
rate should be graduated, and it should 
include the income that currently es- 
capes through phantom write-offs, spe- 
cial exclusions, and shelters. 

The AFL-CIO calls for a tax system 
that is based solidly on the principle of 
ability to pay and that is structured to 
produce revenues adequate to meet all 
of the nation's economic, social, and 
defense needs. We urge firm rejection 
of any and all proposals — such as a 
constitutionally mandated balanced 
budget — to foreclose congressional ac- 
tion to meet the nation's revenue and 
spending needs. 



Tax incentives fail to provide 
new jobs for U*S. workforce 

With the start of the congressional 
debate over taxes and spending, it's a 
good time to examine those big "sup- 
ply-side" corporate tax breaks that were 
supposed to spur an investment boom, 
with jobs for all. 

Most of the Reagan "investment tax 
incentives" enacted in 1981 are still in 

Unfortunately, they haven't achieved 
the advertised purpose for which they 
were sold to the public and Congress. 
In fact, a recent study actually shows 
a reverse relationship between the 
amount of tax breaks and how much 
companies invest in new plants and 

A 38-page study, done by the Citizens 
for Tax Justice, a Washington-based 
coalition of citizen and labor groups, 
examined a sample of 238 major U.S. 
corporations and their annual reports 
to shareholders for 1981-1983. It found 
the following: 

• The 238 companies surveyed paid an 
average 14.3% of their earnings in fed- 
eral income taxes, far below the 46% 
statutory corporate tax rate. Yet, de- 
spite their nearly $90 billion in "tax 
incentives" in the 1981-1983 period, 
these profitable firms reduced new in- 
vestment by 15.5% 

• The corporations enjoying the largest 
tax advantages slashed their investment 
the most. The 58 firms that paid no 

taxes or received net tax rebates over 
the three-year period as a whole re- 
duced capital investment by 19.3%. The 
15 companies that paid zero taxes or 
less in any of the three years cut their 
investment most of all, by 29.6%. 
• General Electric, which received more 
net tax rebates than any other U.S. 
corporation and got a $283 million re- 
fund from the Treasury, despite $6.5 
billion domestic profits over the three- 
year period, reduced investment by 

In sharp contrast, the 50 companies 
in the survey with the highest tax rates 
over the three years — those with the 
least incentive to invest according to 
supply-side theory — increased their 
capital investment by 4.3%. These firms 
paid over 33% of their profits in federal 
income taxes. 

Robert S. Mclntyre, co-author of the 
study, concluded that "the failure of 
tax incentives to lead to increased in- 
vestment, in particular by the compa- 
nies enjoying the greatest loopholes, 
reflects the fact that in the real world 
companies invest only when they need 
new plants and equipment to produce 
products they can sell to consumers. 
When consumers don't spend money, 
plants are idled and new investment 
drops. Taxes, or lack thereof, don't 

Continued on Page 38 

Write Now 


The U.S. Treasury Department and 
some in Congress are proposing a "tax 
simplification" plan that could result 
in many of your current job benefits 
facing taxation. 

The plan, as proposed by the Treas- 
ury Department and given a tentative 
O.K. by President Reagan, could cost 
workers as much as $24 million in 
added taxes. Under the plan workers 
would be expected to pay taxes on the 
value of all major benefit programs, 
including health and life insurance, 
dental coverage, child care benefits, 
educational assistance, worker com- 
pensation, death benefits, etc. 

Unionists and all workers should 
write their Senators and Congressmen, 
urging them to resist efforts to fax job 
benefits as unfair to workers. 

Address your Congressman: The 

Honorable , 

U.S. House of Representatives, 
Washington, B.C. 20515. 

Address your two senators: The 

Honorable , 

U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. 20510. 

Write in your own words, telling the 
senators and congressman why you feel 
such a tax would hurt you and be 
unfair. Be sure to sign your name. A 
short letter or card will suffice. It need 
not be typed, but should be written 

Leon Greene Retires as 5th District 
General Executive Board IVIember 

The senior member of the United 
Brotherhood's General Executive 
Board, Leon Greene, a veteran of 43 
years of membership in the Brother- 
hood, 25 years of which have been spent 
as the 5th District's representative on 
the GEB, has retired. 

Greene officially retired as of May 1, 
1985, attending his final General Ex- 
ecutive Board sessions in Washington, 
D.C last month. 

President Campbell praised Greene's 
long and dedicated service to the Broth- 
erhood, calling his forthright and dili- 
gent attention to official duties over the 
past quarter century an example for 
younger leaders of the Brotherhood to 

Greene retired at age 67. He was 
initiated into the UBC on January 20, 
1943, joining Millwrights Local 548, St. 
Paul, Minn., where he has maintained 
his membership since. He once worked 
for the DuPont Corp. in Minneapolis, 
and from 1934 to 1937 he saw duty with 
the Army Air Corps. He served in the 
29th Battalion and Special Unit, U.S. 
Navy during World War II. At one 
time, he worked with the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Commerce Business and De- 
fense Services Administration. For a 
time he was business representative of 
Local 548, and for five years he was 
executive secretary of the Minnesota 
State Council of Carpenters. 

Continued on Page 15 


MAY, 19 8 5 

"Violenae' Hearings 
Expose Union 
Busters' Role 



"Professional" union busters are available 
to management at a price. They are 
trained in labor law and public relations 
and can do a "hatchet job" on a union. 
At left, hundreds of heavily-armed Na- 
tional Guardsmen and police were called 
out "to keep the peace" during the Phelps 
Dodge Strike in Arizona. Union members 
suffered the consequences. 

Senate hearings turn the 
spotlight on the tactics of 
union-busting manage- 
ment and its paid agents. 

Senate hearings intended to build a 
case for making picket line misconduct 
a federal crime under the Hobbs Act 
ended up instead turning a spotlight on 
the tactics of a union-busting manage- 
ment and its paid agents. 

That's not the script Senate Labor 
Committee Chairman Orrin G. Hatch. 
(R-Utah). had in mind when he singled 
out a still-continuing strike at the Mis- 
souri Portland Cement Co. operations 
at Joppa, 111., to showcase "union vio- 

The "violence" in support of the 
strike by Cement Workers Local 438. 
an affiliate of the Boilermakers, turned 
out to be quite a bit tamer than the 
assertion by Sen. Hatch that the hear- 
ings would show how union "threats, 
assaults and wanton disregard for hu- 
man life" left the community "trau- 
matized by violence." 

What "violence" there was. testi- 
mony showed . came as much from hired 
strikebreakers and an army of private 

guards that outnumbered the strikers 
as from union members. 


The union-busting strategy came in 
large measure from Thomas E. Hall 
Jr., a hired management consultant. 
Hall was so proud of his "success" 
that he solicited other cement compa- 
nies, with a letter including these boasts: 

"No doubt you have heard that Mis- 
souri Portland Cement Co. has replaced 
its striking workforce at its plant in 
Joppa. 111. This replacement of workers 
was conducted on a very discreet and 
successful basis by my firm. Hall & 
Associates. . . . 

"I am pleased to say to you that my 
organization was able to recruit the 
necessary skilled and unskilled workers 
without the union ever realizing what 
was going on. As a result of our ability 
to replace Missouri Portland's work- 
force, the company has effected an 

ongoing cost savings of several million 
dollars as a result of: 

1. Reducing wage rates by 30%. 

2. Reducing benefits levels. 

3. Reducing workforce by one-third. 

4. Improving work rules, thereby in- 
creasing productivity." 

Hall's letter invited "a confidential 
discussion as to how we work" and 
claimed to be "the only firm I know of 
which offers this service to union- 
plagued industries." 

Democratic members of the commit- 
tee sought to have Hall testify as to his 
firm's activities in the strike. At their 
request. Hatch invited Hall to testify 
but the consultant "declined" the in- 

The local union president. Dave Beck, 
told the Senate committee that the com- 
pany attitude changed after it came 
under new ownership as a result of a 
corporate takeover. Previously, he said, 
relationships had been good and in a 


short strike 10 years ago. the company 
used no security personnel at the plant. 

Although the union didn't know it at 
the time, he testified, when manage- 
ment presented the union with an un- 
acceptable package of takeback de- 
mands early last year, it had already 
arranged with a private guard service 
to move in if the workers struck. 

Management's demands. Beck said, 
included a S3.80-an-hour wage cut. re- 
duced retirement benefits, and exclu- 
sion of union representatives in griev- 
ance procedures, among others. 


Before the contract expiration. Beck 
testified, the company "constructed a 
high chain link fence around the prem- 
ises, topped by barbed wire. Forty- 
eight light poles were installed, each 
with four 1.000-watt bulbs." 

The contract expired on .May 1. 1984. 
But while the union continued bargain- 
ing for six weeks, "the company's po- 
sition became even more adamant." 

■When the workers finally struck, five 
movie cameras were installed and 
manned. An army of 150 guards from 
Nuckles & Associates Security, an out- 
fit with a long record of battling unions, 
was brought in — outnumbering the 115 

Last summer, the union made an 
unconditional offer to return to work. 
Beck told the committee. Manage- 
ment's response, a week later, was that 

there were no job vacancies because 
all of the jobs had been permanently 
filled by scabs. 

Later, he testified, the company said 
it had hired over 100 "permanent" 
replacements on the day the union tel- 
egram offering to return to work was 
sent but before it was received. 

"This company has spent millions 
and millions of dollars to break our 
union." Beck told the committee. "They 
want the public relations effect of union 
violence. If that violence from the union 
doesn't happen, then the pressure is on 
the company, its consultants, its guards 
and strikebreakers to create some vio- 
lence, real or imagined." 

Beck told the committee of repeated 
cautions at union meetings urging mem- 
bers not to be provoked into violence, 
and he acknowledged some individual 
episodes in which the advice was not 
followed — often following provocations 
by guards or strikebreakers. 

There were a couple of broken wind- 
shields and a union supporter was fined 
$500 for pouring some harmless but 
smelly skunk oil used by deer hunters 
on a company truck. 

There were also strikebreakers and 
guards arrested. And. Beck added, the 
Missouri Portland Cement Co. is prob- 
ably the only firm in the nation that is 
under a court injunction which prohibits 
it from "authorizing or encouraging" 
the action of persons "dressed in hooded 
Ku Klux Klan outfits and parading with 

burning crosses at or near the picket 

Some of the pickets on the line when 
company gtjards put on their Ku Klux 
Klan display were black. Beck noted. 

Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.), 
responding to Sen. Hatch's statement 
at the start of the second day of the 
hearing, suggested that any considera- 
tion of the need for additional legislation 
to deal with strike violence should ex- 
amine "the role of so-called labor-man- 
agement consultants who profit from 
union-busting" and the effectiveness of 
federal labor law in protecting the right 
of workers. 


Kennedy noted that "for several years 
now, a nationwide campaign by the 
National Right to Work Committee has 
sought to create the impression that a 
wave of union-sponsored violence is 
sweeping the nation and that state and 
local law enforcement officials are either 
unable or unwilling to prevent it." 

But in fact, he stressed, repeated 
hearings have " 'failed to show that there 
is a pattern of unprosecuted violence 
or that a fair federal remedy can be 
fashioned without undermining both le- 
gitimate workers' rights and the collec- 
tive bargaining process. Moreover, there 
are disturbing sings that at least some 
unsolved acts of violence may have, in 
fact, been perpetuated by the enemies 
of the collective bargaining process." 

Cement, Lime and Gypsum Workers found themselves outnumbered by guards and strikebreakers when they sought to resume 
negotiations with Missouri Portland Cement Company. Their only recourse was to take to the streets. 



The AFL-CIO recently issued the following state- 

"If the reports out of Japan are correct, American 
workers are about to suffer the harsh blow of a 
one-fourth increase in the number of Japanese- 
made automobiles imported into this country. That 
development would cost another 90,000 jobs in 
auto and related industries beyond the millions lost 
to foreign factories since 1 980. 

"It is about time we stopped encouraging the 
Japanese government to determine U.S. trade pol- 
icy. Congress should act now to initiate a fair trade 
policy for America and to undo the damage done to 
U.S. workers by the Reagan Administration's ill- 
advised decision not to seek extension of the Vol- 
untary Restraint Agreement on auto imports from 


Most state fiscal surpluses would be turned into 
deficits by President Reagan's budget proposals, a 
union study shows. 

A survey by the Teachers and its affiliated Feder- 
ation of State Employees took a state-by-state look 
at the impact of the Administration's budget pro- 
posals. Besides seeking an end to the $4.5-billion 
revenue-sharing program, Reagan's budget would 
slash many federal program grants to states and 

Thirty-four states with budget surpluses would 
move into the deficit column, the union reported. 

The budget proposals would eliminate some 
$20.3 billion in direct federal grants plus the loss of 
revenue-sharing funds, the union said. It noted that 
federal grants offset 24% of state budgets. 


Bowing to President Reagan's veto threat, Con- 
gress voted last month to phase out rather than 
extend a recession-born program of federal benefits 
of eight to 14 weeks for workers who are still unem- 
ployed after exhausting state benefits. The phase- 
out will, however, protect remaining weieks of eligi- 
bility of some 325,000 persons on the Federal Sup- 
plemental Compensation rolls when the program 
expired at the end of March. 


Not only are Mexican workers invading the coun- 
try, now the Mexican peso is crossing the Rio 
Grande too, according to Sen. Lloyd Bentsen, D- 
Texas. Vending machine operators along the 
Texas-Mexican border report that they are being 
swindled by the new Mexican peso which is the 
same size and weight as a U.S. quarter but is only 
worth a half-cent. The Mexican coins have even 
reached the nation's capital. 

"I get pocketfuls of them," one Washington, D.C., 
vending machine operator reports. "We get them in 
cigarette machines. Laundry machines take them, 

He said that he had just found 15 pesos in a 
$1.25-a-pack cigarette machine. 

"So somebody got three packs of cigarettes, 
$3.75 worth of cigarettes, for about 10 cents." 

Senator Bentsen has written the Secretary of 
State, asking him to negotiate with the Mexican 
government about minting a new coin. 


In the largest single property disposal in its 36- 
year history, the U.S. General Services Administra- 
tion has sold a 402-acre portion of the former Ham- 
ilton Air Force Base at Novate, Calif., to the Berg- 
Revoir Corp., a local developer, for $45,000,000. 
The surplus federal property was sold at auction. 

About 60% of the property is undeveloped, but 
there are extensive improvements, such as 
warehouses, hangars, and administrative buildings. 
Development of the property will be subject to local 
land use plans. 

Other portions of the original base have been 
conveyed through federal programs for educational 
and public housing purposes. The U.S. Army re- 
tains about 750 acres for helicopter and small fixed 
wing aircraft use, and the Coast Guard utilizes 
about seven acres with two hangars. 


President Reagan again has submitted to Con- 
gress proposed legislation to lower the federal mini- 
mum wage for teenage workers during the summer 
months. The "Youth Employment Opportunity Wage 
Act of 1 985" is necessary to combat high rates of 
youth unemployment, the President says, adding he 
hopes Congress will act on it by summer. Under the 
proposal, employers could, from May 1 to Sept. 30, 
hire persons under the age of 20 for $2.50 an hour 
or 75% of the applicable minimum wage — currently 
$3.35 an hour — whichever is less. 

The Administration has tried over the last two 
years, without success, to generate support in Con- 
gress for a lower minimum wage for youth. The 
latest proposal would authorize the lower summer 
wage only until Sept. 30, 1987, at which point it 
would be evaluated for its effectiveness in creating 
jobs for young workers. The bill also would prohibit 
employers from substituting young workers for cur- 
rent employees — a fear expressed by AFL-CIO in 
the past. Unemployment among all youth was 
18.4% in February, and around 43% for black 


You may be able to €issist 






Executive Director 

Each year in this country hundreds 
of thousands of children disappear and, 
while many return home safely, thou- 
sands are exposed to serious danger, 
exploitation, and even death. These 
missing and exploited children come 
from every part of American life. But 
for all their differences, they have one 
thing in common: They are all in danger. 

The National Center for Missing and 
Exploited Children was established 1 1 
months ago to initiate a nationwide 

effort to protect children and to provide 
direct assistance in handling cases of 
child molestation, child pornography, 
and child prostitution. The Center is a 
nonprofit organization, located in 
Washington. D.C.. and created in co- 
operative agreement with the Office of 
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Pre- 
vention at the U.S. Department of Jus- 

The National Center serves as a 
clearinghouse of information on missing 
and exploited children, provides tech- 
nical assistance to parents and law en- 
forcement, and offers training programs 
to the law-enforcement community. 

The Center has published information 
on effective state legislation to protect 
children, a handbook on parental kid- 
napping, a directory of support groups 
around the country, safety tips for par- 
ents and children, and other materials. 
All publications are available free of 
charge from the National Center. 

Technical advisors at the National 
Center for Missing and Exploited Chil- 
dren advise parents and law enforce- 
ment involved in cases of missing chil- 
dren, child molestation, child por- 
nography, and child prostitution. The 
Center coordinates among parents, sup- 
port groups, and the media to distribute 
photos and descriptions of missing chil- 
dren, and coordinates the exchange of 
information regarding child exploita- 

For more information, interested per- 
sons may contact the National Center 
for Missing and Exploited Children at 
1835 K Street, N.W., Suite 700, Wash- 
ington, D.C. 20006, (202) 634-9821. 

In addition, the National Center 
maintains a toll-free telephone line for 
those who have information that could 
lead to the location and recovery of a 
missing child. If you have such infor- 
mation, please call 1-800-843-5678. 


blond hair, blue eyes, 
missing since June 7, 
1984, from Allentown, 
Pa. Louis is approxi- 
mately 4'1", 44 lbs., and 
was missing four front 
teeth when he disap- 
peared . 


sandy blond hair, brown 
eyes, missing since Oc- 
tober 18, 1984, from In- 
dian Cove Campground, 
Calif. Laura was kid- 
napped late afternoon; 
her brother came out of 
the reslroom and could 
not find her. 

MEEKS, 5, brown hair, 
missing since January 
19. 1985, from 2304 
Parkside, Mesquite, 
Tex. Christy was ab- 
ducted from other play- 
ing children by young 
adult white male, brown 
hair. .VIO". 160-165 lbs. 

OWENS, 6. black hair, 
brown eyes, missing 
since February 3. 1983, 
from Menlo Park, Calif. 
He has a scar on upper 
nose area, and a surgical 
scar on his left rib. 

MAY, 1985 

Join thousands of United Brotherhood members across the 
country on May 4 in leafleting lumber stores selling L-P 
products. Help bring justice to 1.500 UBC members who have 
Xk , been on strike for almost 2 years. 

For infoTuiation on how you can help, contact your ioca7 union 

This poster was distributed to e\er\ local union to call attention to the special boycott effort on May 4. 



Louisiana-Pacific's Earnings Down 
91%, as Consumer Boycott Intensifies 

The growing commitment of Broth- 
erhood members across the country to 
boycott and corporate campaign activ- 
ities against Louisiana-Pacific is taking 
a heavy toll on company operations. 

In a statement to the press on L-P"s 
fourth quarter sales and earnings, UBC 
General President Patrick J. Campbell, 
indicated that the impact of the boycott 
activities and corporate campaign are 

"For months, L-P has been telling 
the investment community and its 
shareholders that the national labor- 
consumer boycott of its products was 
having 'no material impact.' With the 
number of stores that have stopped 
selling L-P wood products growing to 
over 300 in response to strong consumer 
support, and with our corporate cam- 
paign taking a heavy toll on the com- 
pany, L-P knows it's in a fight, and its 
financial sheet reflects that fact," de- 
clared Campbell. 

L-P's first quarter of 1985 figures 
showed a net income of $2.3 million on 
sales of $270 million, down from earn- 
ings of $25.7 million on sales of $308.9 
million in 1984. L-P's earnings drop for 
the quarter represents a 91% decline, 
the largest earnings decrease recorded 
in the industry. These figures follow L- 
P's 1984 4th quarter earnings decline of 

72%, again the largest drop recorded in 
the forest products industry. Only two 
other major forest products companies 
recorded 4th quarter sales decreases. 
L-P's earnings from operations for 1984 
were down from 1983 earnings, which 
were severely affected by the 1983 strike. 

L-P Strike Report 

A report describing the wide range 
of UBC activities against L-P has been 
prepared. The annual report discusses 
environmental and permit actions UBC 
affiliates have initiated against L-P op- 
erations, as well as administrative and 
legislative actions taken against the 

L-P recently shutdown its brand new 
waferboard mill in Montrose, Colo., 
claiming it didn't have enough Aspen 
trees to continue operations. Along with 
several environmental groups in the 
Montrose area, the Colorado State 
Council of Carpenters has successfully 
blocked L-P's access to federal timber 
on environmental grounds. Recent State 
Department of Health stock emissions 
tests at the plant show the mill to be 
exceeding permit limitations by nearly 
40%. The Department is considering 
the issue of a cease and desist order 
against the plant. The State Council of 
Carpenters was the first to bring infor- 

mation about possible formaldehyde 
emissions at the plant to the attention 
of the Department of Health. 

Retailers Targeted 

During the month of March United 
Brotherhood members throughout New 
Jersey began boycott leafletting against 
Channel Home Centers. Nearly 600 
N.J. Carpenters handbilled 30 Channel 
stores, with nearly one-third of the 
stores removing the products during the 
first weekend of boycott activity, ac- 
cording to Robert Mergner, UBC rep- 
resentative. Handbilling of the 102-store 
Channel chain has also commenced in 
Massachusetts and Connecticut. 

L-P Annual Meeting 

L-P's annual shareholders meeting 
scheduled for May 6, in Grand Junction, 
Colo. , will again be attended by hundreds 
of L-P strikers and supporters to raise 
strike and related issues. A proxy so- 
liciation by the L-P Workers for Justice 
Committee aimed at major L-P individ- 
ual and institutional shareholders has 
been initiated. State Farm, L-P's largest 
shareholder, willl be approached for its 
support of the Committee's proposals 
to expand the L-P board with outside 
directors, force the company manage- 
ment to report on strike costs and 
revamp the board of directors' Com- 
pensation Committee. 

Indiana-Kentucky Labor-Management Committee 
Joins State University for Research Project 

The Indiana and Kentucky District Coun- 
cil and the Southeastern Indiana Contractors 
Inc., have jointly arranged with Indiana 
University's Labor Studies Institute to con- 
duct a construction industry research proj- 
ect. The Labor-Management Cooperation 
Committee (LMCC), the Southern Indiana 
Construction Industry Labor-Management 
Cooperation Committee, Inc. (CCC), is in 
the forefront of our Operation Turnaround 
Labor-Management Committees. 

According to Jeffrey R. Vincent, research 
associate at the lU Labor Studies Institute, 
the research will provide CCC with a variety 
of information relating to the construction 
industry in a 17-county area of southeastern 
Indiana and northern Kentucky. 

Vincent says the project contains the fol- 
lowing components: 

1 . a construction user survey, to establish 
a detailed profile of user attitudes and prac- 
tices toward construction labor; 

2. a comprehensive market survey, to 
identify trends in the construction business 

over recent years and project likely devel- 
opments in the future; 

3. an industry survey, to identify and 
analyze construction industry practices which 
affect the overall efficiency of labor and 
management in the production process; 

4. a compilation of significant research 
findings and recommendations based on the 
above surveys; 

5. a series of informational and educa- 
tional activities to disseminate the research 
findings and implement recommendations. 

The construction research project will take 
place in the following Indiana counties; Bar- 
tholomew, Brown, Dearborn, Decatur. 
Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Ohio, 
Ripley, Rush, Scott, Shelby and Switzer- 
land. Carroll, Gallatin and Trimble Counties 
in Kentucky will also be involved in the 

The goal of the Labor-Management Co- 
operation Committee is to promote the union 
sector through a mutually funded program. 
Jointly derived, hard scientific data put to- 
gether by skilled university professionals will 

provide the basis through which the labor- 
management group will address the issue of 
getting union construction competitive. 

Vincent adds, "Besides the previously 
mentioned activities, the goals of the project 
also include improving communication be- 
tween representatives of labor and manage- 
ment; enhancing the involvement of workers 
in making decisions that affect their working 
lives; promoting the use of safe, efficient 
and high quality construction services; and 
maintaining a productive dialogue with the 
users of construction services. 

"Most existing LMCC's are found only 
in large metropolitan areas. Also, by utilizing 
the resources of the university and taking 
full advantage of the reputation of the divi- 
sion of labor studies, it is hoped a productive 
dialogue can be created and maintained be- 
tween labor, management and construction 

Vincent said the user survey w ill be mailed 
in the near future to a selected sample of 
users/developers in the southeasteni Inoiana 
and northern Kentucky area. 

MAY, 198 5 




A study for the International Monetary Fund has 
concluded that wage levels in Canada are not the 
cause of presently high unemployment. 

The study by economist Jacques Artus contra- 
dicts the conservative theory, endorsed by the fed- 
eral Tories, that Canadian unemployment will fall to 
normal levels only when workers accept lower 

According to this theory, anything that keeps 
wage levels from falling — trade unions, minimum 
wages, and the unemployment insurance system — 
keeps unemployment high. 

Federal Finance Minister Michael Wilson used 
this tack in his recent mini-budget when he said the 
unemployment insurance program "may create ob- 
stacles to labour market adjustment." 

In this context, "labour market adjustment" ob- 
viously means lower wages. 

Mr. Artus's study clearly says that high wages are 
simply not a problem in the manufacturing sectors 
of North America. 

The IMF, which includes Canada as a member, is 
a body composed mainly of capitalist nations. It 
attempts to keep the world monetary system glued 


Quebec's largest employers' group, le Conseil du 
Patronat, condemned the province's labor laws re- 
cently for being "too pro-union" and discouraging 

In a 235-page brief to a provincial commission 
studying changes to Quebec's labor code, the Con- 
seil said the province's labor laws come second 
only to high income taxes in turning away invest- 

It said the province's controversial law making 
French the official language is "not now the prob- 

The group singled out for criticism Quebec's anti- 
strike-breaking law which prevents an employer 
from hiring replacements for striking or locked-out 

The Conseil also attacked measures requiring an 
employer to deduct union employer to deduct union 
dues from employees and legislation allowing a 
union to transfer its bargaining rights to a subcon- 


Controversial new labor legislation took effect this 
year in Manitoba despite continued cries of protest 
from the business community. 

The new law will make it easier for unions to get 
bargaining agent certification and more difficult for 
them to lose it. 

It also will increase powers of the Manitoba Labor 
Board and will broaden the role of conciliators and 
mediators in labor-management affairs. 

Before Premier Howard Pawley and his NDP 
government rammed the bill past the opposition in 
the Legislature last June, it was described as "a 
dark cloud over Manitoba" in full-page newspaper 
advertisements by the Winnipeg and Manitoba 
chambers of commerce and other employer organi- 

Government spokesmen said they deleted the 
law's most controversial aspect, a plan to allow 
union members to decide whether an arbitrator 
would choose between last contract offers by the 
company and union as the basis for an agreement. 

The plan, known as final offer selection, was 
dropped from the legislative package the Govern- 
ment passed, although Labor Minister Mary Elisa- 
beth Dolin favored its inclusion. But what remained 
was more than enough to upset many employers. 

Employers argue that their rights are being cur- 
tailed unfairly by a new provision which severely 
restricts what may be said about a union by an 
employer during an organizing drive. 

The Government says the section is designed to 
prevent harassment. But employers say it could 
mean a union would win automatic certification if a 
boss at a cocktail party said, "I don't like unions." 

Critics say such widespread restrictions may 
even be a violation of the Charter of Rights and 

The automatic certification procedure in itself is 
another area where employers say the Government 
has gone too far. 

If the Labor Board finds a company guilty of an 
unfair labor practice, it could certify a union auto- 
matically as bargaining agent, regardless of 
whether a majority of workers signed union cards 
and without a vote to determine the wishes of work- 


As a group, Canada's major banks reaped the 
highest profits in the world in 1983, according to a 
major international study. 

IBCA Banking Analysis Ltd., which rates the 
world's major banks, found that Canada's six lead- 
ing banks showed a pace-setting average return on 
equity of 15.5%. 

Taking Canada's 1 983 inflation rate of 4.9% into 
account, the real percentage of profitability was 
10.6%, by far the highest in the world. 

U.S., Japanese and British banks were about 
three percentage points behind the Canadian banks 
in overall profitability, with 7.9%, 7.4% and 7% re- 

The Canadian banks included in the study were 
the Royal Bank of Canada, Canadian Imperial Bank 
of Commerce, Bank of Montreal, Bank of Nova 
Scotia, Toronto Dominion Bank and the National 
Bank of Canada. 



IMS Manager Dun Mi'llin and CDSI 
resentalive William Muldoon inslnicl 
personnel from Locals 210 and 608. 


Northern California 
Leads in CAPS 

It is expected that over the next 
several months, most Northern Cal- 
ifornia district councils and locals will 
have CAPS installed. In addition, many 
Northern California locals and district 
councils will be using special CAPS 
equipment to tie in to data bases of 
the Carpenter Funds Administrative 
Office of Northern California, Inc. 

From Florida to Alaska 

50th CAPS 

Systems To Be installed 

On March I Ray Jasperson, financial 
secretary at Local 1 140 in San Pedro, 
Calif., took possession of the fortieth 
Carpenters Affiliates Processing Sys- 
tem (CAPS). Systems have now been 
installed from the Broward County Dis- 
trict Council office in Ft. Lauderdale, 
Fla., to Local 1243 in Fairbanks, Alaska, 
and Local 33 in Boston, Mass. With 
anticipated installations from California 
to Maryland and with growing interest 
in Canada, the fiftieth system may well 
have been installed by the time you 
read this. 

These systems have proven that they 
can improve services to members and 
reduce the amount of time spent on 
paperwork. The system, developed for 
UBC by Computer Data Systems, Inc., 
provides a complete solution to the need 
for a low-cost system that keeps all 
membership records, handles all kinds 
of dues collection and receipts, auto- 
matically produces letters and labels, 
tracks contractors, manages job refer- 
rals, and much more. 

CAPS, unlike some other systems, 
"knows" when a member is in arrears. 
The very sophisticated CAPS software 
can automatically debit each member's 
account for the correct amount. CAPS 
tracks the dues rate for every category 

of member and it can even keep track 
of past and future dues rates. When a 
member pays dues, the total is broken 
out into various accounts (such as dues 
and special assessments) which are ap- 
propriate for that member. These pay- 
ments are then credited against the 
amount owed to each account by the 

Every CAPS System is completely 
supported by the General Office Pro- 
gram to ensure that the system will 
work when it is installed and for many 
years into the future. For example, it 
is the only computer system which 
comes with membership information 
already loaded from the General Of- 
fice's files. This means that the system 
can be used soon after installation. The 
complete support package also in- 

• On-site installation and training. 

• Regular updates of the computer pro- 
grams (software) which provide new- 
features and system improvements, 

• A toll-free number to call whenever 
there is a question or a problem, 

• A complete User Manual and Tuto- 
rial designed for UBC affiliates, and 

• An on-site service contract for all 
computer equipment, if it is desired. 

Checkini; mil the new V \PS equipment insjalled by Local 1089. 
Phoeni.x. Ariz., are Pat Johnson, bookkeeper, and Robert 
Boggs. financial secretary and business agent. 

Re(ipienls nj ne\e CAPS equipment are officers and staff of 
Local I28U. Mountain View. Calif. Assemblied for a briefing, 
left to right, are Office Secretaries Gladys Hellevig and Janis 
Durst, Financial Secretary Marion Walker, Office Secretaries 
Maria Rodriguez and Marjorie Elliott, and Business Agent 
Thomas L. Pearl. 

MAY, 1985 


300,000 at 1985 Union-Industries Show 
See Wliat 'Buy Union, American' IVIeans 

The hands of a skilled union Carpenter demonstrate 
craft skills at the Union Industries Show. 

The message to look for the union 
label and buy American took on special 
importance for visitors to the 40th an- 
nual AFL-CIO Union-Industries Show, 
March 29-April 3, in Milwaukee, Wis. 

This year a number of union displays 
among the 300 exhibits at Milwaukee's 
Mecca convention center documented 
the impact of unfair foreign competition 
and record imports on the loss of jobs 

and the nation's continued high unem- 

As usual, the 300,000 people who 
attended the six-day show also had 
ample opportunity to discover the vast 
array of union-made goods and serv- 
ices, share in $100,000 worth of free 
samples and products, and win thou- 
sands of gifts and prizes, including a 
Harley-Davidson "hog" motorcycle. 

At the show's opening luncheon, AFL- 
CIO Secretary-Treasurer Thomas R. 
Donahue said the "goods and services 
bearing the union label at this show are 
proof of what can be accomplished 
through collective bargaining and the 
mutual acceptance, mutual respect, and 
give and take that it engenders." 

The exhibits demonstrate that, "given 
half a chance, American workers can 

The UBC exhibit was surrounded by crowds throughout the six-day exhibition. Note the big wooden reproduction of the UBC Union 
Label, made by Milwaukee apprentices. At lower left. AFL-CIO Secretary-Treasurer Tom Donahue. 3rd District Board Member John 
PruitI, First General Vice President Sigurd Lucassen, and Union Label and Service Trades President James Hatfield. At lower right, 
Lucassen, Milwaukee Council Sec. Clifford Buth. Milwaukee Bus. Mgr. Michael Balen. and General Treasurer Wayne Pierce admire 
the woodwork of Ted Poull Sr. and the inlaid carpeting on the trail. 



compete quite effectively with products 
made elsewhere in the world," Dona- 
hue said. But, he added, American 
workers have their "hands tied" by 
government trade policies that permit 
a flood of imports, by tax plans that 
encourage overseas investment, and by 
a failure to set a national industrial 

The Harley-Davidson motorcycle, a 
1985 Electra Glide that retails for nearly 
$9,000, was a prize that illustrated the 
impact of foreign competition. The full- 
sized Harley, presented by the com- 
pany and Allied Industrial Workers Lo- 
cal 209, is the last surviving American 
and union-made motorcycle. 

Larry Miller, 23, of Milwaukee, who 
has been unemployed for the last four 
months, was the lucky winner of the 
Harley drawing. 

This was the third time the show, 
produced by the AFL-CIO Union Label 
and Service Trades Dept. in coopera- 
tion with union employers, has been 
held in Milwaukee. Pievious shows were 
held there in 1948 and 1975. 

A full array of Delia power tools and oilier 
eqiiipmenl was used in one UBC booth to 
create spice racks, paper towel holders, 
cutting hoards, and chair-and-slep stools, 
which were raffled off every hour. 

Among those working in the booth were 
Bus. Reps. Wm. Roehr and Bob Burmeis- 
ter, Organizer Greg Shaw. Warden Elmer 
Knutson. and DC Pres. John Wolf. 

The Hughes Aircraft Co. shipped this dis- 
play from its California headquarters to 
show Milwaukans the work of UBC mem- 
bers in its plants. Milwaukee members set 
up the exhibit and packed it for return 
shipment after the show. 

Pictured above, front row, from left. John Carruthers, General E.xeciitive Board 
Member, 9lh District: Adam Salvonu, Council Vice-President; Nelson Hilborn, 
Council President; Walter Oliveria. Council Secretary-Treasurer; Robert Lambert, 
trustee, and Angelo Laberto, conductor. 

Back row, from left. Thomas Harkness, Director. Canadian Regional Organiz- 
ing Office; Mike Fishman. Assistant Director of Organization; Derrick Manson, 
Canadian Research Director; Ken Fenwick. trustee; Ken Graves, trustee; and 
Paid Duhaiine, trustee. 

Ontario Industrial Council Holds 2nd 
Convention and Educational Program 

Delegates lo the Ontario Industrial 
Council gathered in Toronto on March 
.10 for the council's Second Annual Con- 
vention. The council's officers reported 
that in the past year, the Council has 
grown lo seven affiliated local unions in 
Southern Ontario representing over 80% 
of the UBC industrial members in the 

UBC Regional Organizing Director 
Thomas Harkness reported on significant 
organizing victories and current cam- 
paigns in the area. Council president 
Nelson Hilborn of Local .1189 expressed 
his pleasure over the council's growth 
and the hope that the council would 
continue to grow. It is the aim of the 
Council lo hold bargaining rights for all 
UBC mduslrial members in Southern 

Representing the General Office, As- 
sistant Organizing Director Michael P. 
Fishman spoke about the need for co- 
ordinated bargaining in the UBC's in- 
dustrial sector and congratulated the del- 
egates for laying a foundation for the 
council's future growth. Also addressing 
the convention were General Executive 
Board Member John Carruthers and Ca- 
nadian Research Director Derrick Man- 

The two days prior to the council's 
convention were devoted lo an educa- 
tional seminar on Quality Work Life and 

gainsharing programs. A spokesman for 
the Ontario Quality of Work Life Center 
addressed the seminar on the center's 
programs in unionized settings. Walter 
Malakoff from the UBC Industrial De- 
partment followed with a discussion of 
how unions should respond to quality 
work life and gainsharing programs, spe- 
cifically how unions can prevent these 
programs from harming the collective 
bargaining process and union members' 
interests. Delegates described their own 
experiences with the programs and the 
pitfalls they have encountered. 

Delegates to the convention were as 

Local 3189— Robert C. Lambert, Earl 
Flewwelling, David Hilborn. Steve Phil- 
lips, Nelson Hilborn, John S. Melo, Deb- 
bie Aulis, Bruce Misener 
Local 2679 — Ernest Ken Graves, Walter 
Oliveira, Tony Rebelo, Domenico Sigli- 
ano, Buyoon Singh, Emilio Pellecchia. 
llmar Rani. Lance Humphrey 
Local 1030 — Frank Manoni, Robert 
Charron, Paul Duhaime 
Local 802— Paul LeBlanc 
Local 3054 — Adam Salvona. Ken Fen- 
wick, Angelo Laberto. Richard Hoffman, 
John Hardwick, David McQueen, Bar- 
bara Arnezeder, Wilma Harris 

In addition to the above, other mem- 
bers attended the educational program 
on March 27 and 28. 

Leon Greene 

Continued from Page 5 

In August, I960, M.A. Hutcheson 
appointed Greene to fill the Board va- 
cancy created by the resignation of R.E. 
Roberts of Omaha, Neb., due to im- 
paired health. During his tenure on the 

General Executive Board, Greene served 
on three joint committees for the UBC — 
the Machinists Committee, the United 
Association (Plumbers) Committee, and 
the Boilermakers .loint Committee. 

MAY, 198 5 


A dining room in Twin Manors, Robertson's current dollhouse project, complete with faux marble fireplace, Chippendale chairs, 
crystal, perfect copies of circa 1760 lotus pattern china, and a silver Paul Revere tea caddy. 

A Miniature Master 

UBC member's grandson is a giant 
in the intricate world of miniatures 

A postage stamp may seem like an 
unusual addition to a furniture display 
photo, but without it, you'd never re- 
alize that most of Bill Robertson's fur- 
niture is smaller than your fist. 

Grandson of Loyal Henshaw, Local 
422, New Brighton, Pa., Robertson can 
remember seeing photos of the large 
wood derricks his grandfather worked 
on in Oklahoma. But while the craft is 
still constructing, grandson works in a 
world quite different than that of his 

The wondrous miniatures the 29-year- 
old Robertson constructs come out of 
his shop in Wheaton, Md., set up in the 
home he shares with his parents. One 
basement room houses his project-in- 
the- works, two Georgian-style doll- 
houses. In the other room, in neat array, 
are the tools of his trade, many made 
by Robertson himself. 

The shop has over a dozen power 
tools, including three lathes, a planer 

and jointer, and a high speed micro- 
drill press. And Robertson figures he's 
spent over a year in work hours making 
tools specialized for his tiny construc- 
tion. His router bits are accurate to 
within l/lOOOth of an inch. One set of 
36 bits, that interlock to make 130 
mouldings, took three months to design, 
build, and test. "It can take up to two 
days to make a single router bit," Rob- 
ertson explains. Robertson gets much 
of his information from reading 100- 
year old technical trade books that not 
only tell about construction, but how 
to make the tools needed for the con- 

The building process itself is also 
time consuming. For the legs of his 
delicate needlepoint-topped game table, 
Robertson sawed out 15 legs with a 
jeweler's saw and carved them with an 
exacto knife. He then chose the si.x 
uniform legs he finally used for the 

Liniit Henshaw. at age 40, poses with 
some refreshment. The photo was taken in 
1938 in his hometown of Zelienople, Pa. 
Henshaw learned carpentry at an early 
age from his father who was also a car- 



Photographs of Robertson's crea- 
tions, perfect to the smallest detail, are 
undiscemable from any real period pieces 
he copies. The crafting would seem to 
require an enormous amount of pa- 
tience, but Robertson seems oblivious 
to the fact that he is a bit of a marvel — 
despite the fact that he has clients all 
over the world, curates exhibits for the 
National Geographic Society, lectures 
for the Smithsonian Institute, has built 
patents models for an Italian brick com- 
pany, and has been written up in several 
regional and national publications. 

For as long as he can remember, 
Robertson has always liked to build. 
First it was machines and cars. Then 
about eight years ago, "When I was 
officially unemployed," Robertson re- 
ports, his mother, Esther, persuaded 
him to build a doUhouse for his nieces. 
And Robertson was hooked. The doll- 
house, which never left the Robertson's 
house, is now completely furnished. 

and Esther Robertson has become the 
needlework specialist, making minia- 
ture rugs and other accessories like a 
I'/i inch fire screen with 1300 stitches 
in 17 colors. 

Robertson still works on machines 
for fun. But with a twist — of course, 
they're little now. "In my spare time," 
Robertson says, he builds miniature 
machines. His favorite is a 1905 turret 
lathe, not much biggerthan a matchbox. 

Selection of wood is an important 
consideration for Robertson. He prefers 
hardwoods, such as swiss pear or box- 
wood, and has occasionally used apple 
or azalea from the garden. In one room 
of the Twin Manors doUhouses (his 
current project), the wood for the panel- 
ing was from a 1727 house in Maryland. 
Robertson is also extremely particular 
about his stains — he tests the color with 
the lighting under which the furniture 
is to be displayed. 

Robertson makes at least two of ev- 

ery furniture piece because "it sub- 
stantiates the value." Robertson is even 
constructing two identical dollhouses 
(hence the name Twin Manors). He's 
keeping one for his own display: the 
other is going to the Miniature Museum 
in Kansas City. Mo. The houses are 
built modularly so components can slide 
in and out. allowing Robertson to do 
the exquisite brick work, mouldings, 
and wall coverings that are his trade- 

The business is still a family affair. 
In addition to needlework on the tiny 
furniture pieces. Esther Robertson keeps 
tabs on the public relations files, and 
Robertson's father, Russell, does the 

Figures just in — a total of 64.000 
viewers turned out to view the recent 
National Geographic Society exhibit 
Robertson curated in Washington. D.C. 
So at least for now. for Bill Robertson, 
it's miniatures — but on a grand scale. 

A tiny painting in one of Robertson's miniature rooms, sur- 
rounded by intricate moldings made from a special mixture of 
epoxy so refined as to even pick up the wood grain. 

Robertson, pictured here in his shop working on the fine detail 
that is his trademark, also conducts seminars and classes on the 
fine art of miniatures. 

A collection of Robertson's miniatures, including one of his 
eight-inch Elnathan Taber clocks, complete with running works 
and a tiny gold key. Lower left is a Hepplewhite mousetrap 
(1790) containing 77 pieces of rosewood, boxwood, ebony, Cu- 
ban mahogany, Honduras mahogany, walnut, cherry, satin- 
wood, pernambuco, and brass. 

Robertson's game table (1775) displayed at the National Geo- 
graphic building in Washington. D.C. has a needlepoint top of 
33,000 stitches handsewn b\ Robertson's mother. 

MAY, 19 8 5 



The ^kocklH^ Truth about Electrical Hazards 

Electricity is an essential part of our 
lives and our jobs. We use it safely 
every day. For that reason we tend to 
forget that electricity can also kill. In 
1980 around 1.100 people got electro- 
cuted on or off the job. about one third 
of them on construction sites. Electrical 
shocks also account for about 2,500 job 
injuries each year. The real tragedy is 
that these deaths and injuries could 
have been prevented through proper 
safety precautions. 


In the workplace, electricity func- 
tions as a flow of electrons through a 
wire to an electric tool or appliance, 
here it provides energy to perform 
"work," and then flows back to the 
source. An electrical current flows 
through a wire in much the same way 
water flows through a pipe. The amount 
of current (i.e. the amount of electricity 
flowing through the wire at any point 
during a given amount of time) is meas- 
ured in amperes or amps. 

Electrical shock can occur from ex- 
posure to only one thousandth of an 
amp, so we also measure current in 
milliamps(one milliamp = I thousandth 
of an amp). Voltage or volts is a measure 
of the pressure of the current. Each 
material that the current passes through 
resists it to some extent. Those mate- 
rials that are very resistant to the cur- 
rent, such as rubber and plastic, are 
used as insulating materials since they 
won't let the current escape. Resistance 
is measured in ohms. 

Electricity, like water, always takes 
the path of least resistance. Normally 
the easiest path is to continue traveling 
along the wire. But if there is break in 
the wire, the current may escape. Dry 
skin is very resistant to electricity, 
presenting 100.000-600,000 ohms, but 
if it gets wet, resistance drops to only 
1,000 ohms. This is one reason wet 
areas present the greatest electrical haz- 
ards to workers. Broken skin, such as 
cuts, offers practically no resistance. 


The earth or ground represents a big 
sink for electrical current. When a water 

main breaks, the water flows down to 
the earth. Similarly if there is a break 
in the wire and there is some way for 
the current to escape, it will try to 
travel to the ground. If you are exposed 
to the open wires, the current may use 
your body as the way to travel to the 
ground. One way to prevent that is to 
use grounded tools. That third prong is 
an escape route for the electrical current 
in case of a break in the wire. It is a 
path of least resistance for the current 
to the ground. By using ungrounded 
tools or tools with a third prong missing 
or broken off, you can become the 
ground path for the electricity. 

The tool itself must also be connected 
to the ground somehow since if the 
circuit breaks the metal of the tool can 
become "hot" or energized and ready 
to provide an electric shock. Double 
insulation of tools and wiring is another 
precaution to prevent electrical haz- 
ards. By making it harder for the current 
to escape, the potential for exposure to 
the current is reduced. 


The amount of reaction you have to 
an electrical current depends on how 
strong it is. In general, 1 milliamp is 
barely felt. Five milliamps traveling 
from your hand to your foot can cause 


In (his tool, a wire has made contact with the tool casing and 
become "hot." Because the tool is ungrounded, the current travels 
the path of least resistance, straight through the operator. 




This tool IS grounded so the current travels through the equipment 
ground, not the operator, and causes a fuse to blow. Thus, the 
operator is protected from the risk of electrocution 

This material has been funded in whole or in part with Federal Funds from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 
under grant number E9F4D176. These materials do not necessarily reflect the views of policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade 
names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. 



More Information 

Electricity can be used safely, 
but it must be treated with cau- 
tion. For more information on the 
hazards of electricity and how to 
handle it, you can get the follow- 
ing publications: 

• "Controlling Electrical Haz- 
ards" (OSHA 3075), 12 pages 

• "Group- Fault Protection on 
Construction Sites" (OSHA 
3007), 10 pages 

• An Illustrated Guide to Elec- 
trical Safety (OSHA 3073), 
171 pages 

• OSHA Electrical Standards 
(Subpart S — General Indus- 
try. 1910.300-399. 40 pages 
and Subpart K — Construc- 
tion. 1926.400-405, 6 pages) 

The above are available free 
from your local OSHA office or 
from the National office of OSHA 
(200 Constitution Avenue, N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20210) or from 
the UBC Department of Occu- 
pational Safety and Health (101 
Constitution Avenue, N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20001). 

— National Safety Council Data 
Sheet on Electrical Hazards 

Data Sheer # 


1-684-80 Equipment 


1-675-82 Electric Hand 

Saws. Circular 
Blade Type 

1-636 Ground Fault 


Interrupters for 

1-51-Rev. Temporary 
82 Electrical Wiring 

for Construction 

1-385-79 Electrical Cord 
and Fittings 

285 Rev. A Cleaning 

Machinery and 
Electric Motors 

1-316-Rev. Low Voltage 
81 Extension Light 

Cords and 

1-598-80 Flexibe Insulating 

Equipment for 
Available from the National 
Safety Council (425 North 
Michigan Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

a shock. The way your body normally 
operates, the muscles are told to con- 
tract or release by small electrical cur- 
rents running through the nervous sys- 
tem from the brain and spinal cord. A 
5 milliamp current passing through the 
body can be sufficient to cause the 
muscles in some people to contract. 
Some will, as a result, let go of the tool 
or wire and be thrown from the circuit. 
Others will be frozen to the circuit, 
unable to let go. The brain cannot 
override the signal coming in from the 
outside telling the muscles to contract. 
Only three seconds of being "frozen" 
to a circuit can cause blisters to form 
which eliminates all skin resistance to 
the current. This freeze or let-go reac- 
tion is stronger at the 6-10 '/: milliamp 
range for women and the 9-16 milliamp 
range for men. Such currents can also 
cause a painful shock. 

'That third prong is an 
escape route for the 
electrical current in 

case of a break in the 

The heart and lungs are also muscles 
controlled by the body's own internal 
electrical system. A current of 23-100 
milliamps running through the body can 
cause extreme pain, stop your breath- 
ing, and cause severe muscle contrac- 
tions. You cannot let go and death is 
possible. Currents over 50 milliamps 
can stop the heart, damage the nervous 
system, and will most likely cause death. 

The longer you are exposed to the 
current, the more damage possible. A 
current of 100 milliamps for 3 seconds 
is equivalent to a current of 1000 milli- 
amps for .03 seconds, which is enough 
to affect the heart. So even low voltage 
does not mean low hazard since longer 
exposures can be just be damaging. 
You should notice that a difference of 
only 100 milliamps can spell the differ- 
ence between a current that is barely 
felt and one that can kill you. 

In addition to these hazards, elec- 
tricity can cause severe burns. Electri- 
cal burns occur from the current passing 
through the body and heating up or 
burning the tissue. They can be very 
serious. Arc or flash burns result from 
high temperatures close to the body and 
are produced by an electrical arc or 
explosion. Thermal contact burns occur 
because the "live" wires or energized 
tools become extremely hot and can 
Continued on Page 28 

UBC Petitions 
OSHA to 
Regulate Wood 

Since its inception, OSHA has called 
wood dust a "nuisance dust" and 
treated it as though it were not toxic 
to humans. As the article in the Feb- 
ruary 1985 Carpenter magazine de- 
tailed, wood dust presents many health 
hazards to our members. On March 
27th, General President Patrick 
Campbell wrote to Robert Rowland, 
assistant secretary of labor for Oc- 
cupational Safety and Health, to pe- 
tition OSHA to lower the exposure 
level for wood dust from 1 5 milligrams 
per cubic meter (the nuisance dust 
level) to 1 milligram per cubic meter. 

He stated that "during the past few 
years, we have become increasingly 
concerned about the hazards of wood 
dust exposure to our members. Thou- 
sands of our members are exposed to 
wood dust in industries from lumber 
and sawmills to furniture and wood 
product manufacturing. Our con- 
struction members are exposed as 
well. Wood dust has several well- 
known toxic effects, from its irritant/ 
properties to dermatitis and asthma. 
There is also growing evidence that 
wood dust can cause nasal cancer and 
may cause pulmonary impairment." 

We believe the time has come for 
OSHA to regulate wood dust as a 
toxic substance . . . the scientific lit- 
erature creates a compelling argument 
for such a change." Mr. Campbell 
also pointed out that by controlling 
wood dust exposures, exposures to 
other chemicals such as formaldehyde 
and wood preservatives will be re- 
duced and that many companies will 
save money by collecting the wood 
dust and burning it as fuel. 

Several other unions have ex- 
pressed interest in joining the UJJC 
in this petition. 

MAY, 1985 



. , . those members of our Brotherhood who, in recent weeks, have been named 
or elected to public offices, have won awards, or who have, in other ways "stood 
out from the crowd." This month, our editorial hat is off to the following: 


The Day Care Center of Children's Aid 
and Family Service in Fitchburg. Mass., was 
able to move to a new location last January 
thanks to a partnership between the Fitch- 
burg Building Trades Council and the United 
Way of North Central Massachusetts. The 
two groups joined forces to renovate an old 
school, including the installation of a new 
kitchen, extensive painting, and other minor 
modifications that were necessary. 

Local 48, Fitchburg, Mass.. played a spe- 
cial role in the project by arranging the 
installation of the kitchen. Members of this 
local and other building trades locals all 
furnished their time and labor as a donation. 
The United Way approved a special grant 
which was applied to the cost of the materials 
and the move itself. The example set by this 
partnership spurred other community mem- 
bers to make donations of paint, materials, 
and equipment. "This project has demon- 
strated the community's commitment to chil- 
dren, and the willingness of various groups 
and individuals to join together in a unified 
effort," said Mark Allen, the director of 
Children's Aid. 


Thomas Blanton, 
a steward with Local 
1110, Washington, 
D.C., has been a 
member since 1980, 
and in this time has 
earned a law degree 
from Howard Uni- 
versity. Blanton 
graduated in the top 
third of the class of 
1984, and plans to 
continue his labor 
involvement — by 
pursuing a career in 
labor law. 


Daniel Lee Bakenhaster of Local 2077, 
Columbus, Ohio, has been selected as a 
recipient of a 1985 AFL-CIO Wood Badge 
Scholarship. Wood Badge courses are con- 
ducted by the Boy Scouts of America to 
provide an advanced type of leadership de- 
velopment for Scoutmasters, assistant 
Scoutmasters, troop committee members, 
commissioners, and other Scouters. Each 
year, the AFL-CIO underwrites the tuition 
and course fee for a limited number of union 
members who are Scout leaders. 


An exchange of donations, plaques, and 
appreciation marked a recent Local 203, 
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., dinner dance. Slew- 
art Malcolm, business representative, pre- 
sented a $8,800 check to Harvey Travis of 
the Dutchess County Juvenile Diabetes 
Foundation, and Travis gave Malcolm a 
plaque in gratitude for the local's efforts. 
The funds for the donation were raised 
through the banquet journal and a raffle. 
Pictured are, from left, Travis and Mal- 

Last September, the local union's ap- 
prenticeship training program also aided 
the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation. Appren- 
tices built a salt-bo.x style shed which was 
raffled off during a special golfing event 
and raised $800 for the organization. 


Members of Local 163, Peekskill, N.Y., 
are pictured above loading a van with fruit 
baskets to be distributed to retired mem- 
bers. The practice has become a yuletide 
tradition. From left, Francis Chipman, 
Gordon Lyons. Al Buks, and Tony 'Vitale. 
Leo Lars en. Local 247 finanical secretary, 
right, and Dr. Craig Wollner are pictured 
above with one of Dr. Wollner' s books on 
the history of Portland carpenters. 

Dear UBC Brothers 
and Sisters: 

As a union member, you are 
aware oj the tremendous con- 
tributions organized labor has 
made to communities across 
the country. You also know 
that, in working to improve the 
quality oJ lijejor our union 
brothers and sisters, we have 
helped to create a better life 
Jor all. 

The labor movement's pri- 
mary concern is the welfare oJ 
its members. At the same time, 
we recognize that the well- 
being oJ our members depends 
on the health of our society-at- 
large. That is why organized 
labor supports United 'Way — 
and has done so Jor many 

United Ways exist in more 
than 2,200 communities in the 
United States— just about any- 
where you happen to live. 
United Way volunteers — people 
like you — raise money, study 
local needs, determine which 
local services and programs 
help meet those needs, then 
distribute the money where it 
can do the most good. So when 
you contribute to United Way, 
you know your hard earned 
dollars are used wisely and 

Because of the diversity of 
United Way programs and 
services, our members are 
being helped continuously, 
during the good times and bad. 
'With the help of organized la- 
bor — with your generosity — 
United Way will always be 

This year, when you are 
CLSked to give to United Way, I 
urge you to be generous. You 
have a stake in your commu- 
nity. United Way helps make 
sure it's a healthy community 
you live in. 

Patrick J. Campbell 
General President 



Tows tons more than ordinary wagons. 

Chevy Suburban Super Wagon. Full-size wagons seem to tow a 
lot until you compare them to a truck-tough Suburban. Properly 
equipped, it has up to 9,500 lbs. of towing capacity, including 
passengers, equipment, cargo and trailer That's up to 2J4 tons more 
than a full-size wagon. 

Moreover Suburban welcomes up to nine people and. with 
available middle seat folded down and rear seat removed, hauls up 
to 167 cu. ft. of cargo. Payload goes up to 3,903 lbs., including 
people, cargo and equipment. 

Better mileage ratings tlian some full-size wagons. EPA est. 
QZ] city, 23 highway MPG* 2WD C10 with 6.2L Diesel. Suburban, 
a super worker! 

And at your Chevy dealer's, financing or leasing your new 
Suburban can be as easy as saying GMAC . 

'Use for comparison Your mileage may differ Estimates lower in California. Trailer towing lowers mileage 



MAY, 198 5 


spring Clean 
Your Personcd Files 

No other time of year is more likely to 
remind of us how disorganized we can be 
than the spring. When we do our spring 
cleaning we turn up long-lost gloves and 
forgotten hats and scarves in comers and 
closets. And when we sit down to do our 
taxes we quickly discover that all of our 
receipts are not in the 1984 shoebox, or that 
last year's checkbook is no where to be 
found. Of course, there are some who prefer 
to remain bhssfully disorganized, but others 
among us simply don't know where to begin 
organizing — so we don't. 

It's not difficult to get your personal papers 
together, doesn't cost much money, and 
once done it saves valuable time. Perhaps 
more importantly though, sitting down with 
your spouse or family now may save them 
anxiety or financial hardship if you are sud- 
denly taken ill, or for some reason cannot 
continue to handle the family finances. They 
should be able to pick up right where you 
left off. Your family should have a good 
understanding of your filing system, check- 
book, tax returns, insurance policies, mort- 
gage agreements, and know their location. 


Everyone has trouble deciding which pa- 
pers are important and which can be thrown 
away. It is not necessary to horde or file 
every sales receipt, out-dated warranty, and 
other miscellaneous papers. Nor can you 
afford to casually toss everything out , throw- 
ing caution to the winds at the same time. 
There are some vital records that should not 
be handled haphazardly. You can start your 
system by dividing your papers and docu- 
ments into two catagories: temporary and 


Temporary files are, by their very nature, 
transient, and should be easily accessible. 
A simple accordian-style folder with tabs to 
separate its compartments can be kept handy 
in a desk drawer. They come in various 
sizes, a smaller one should be sufficient. 
Each tab can be used to represent a credit 
card, for example: Sear credit receipts in 
pocket A, Visa in B, and so on. At the end 
of each month, when the bill arrives, pull 
out your receipts, compare them to your 
bill, and, if there are any discrepencies, have 
them corrected. Then throw the receipts 
away. It's also a good idea to store limited 
warranties, and records of mail order or 
special order purchases (in other words, 
anything that has a short-term use) in this 
file. If a problem arises, you will be able to 
find the necessary papers quickly and easily. 

It's important to go through the file regularly, 
discarding any out-dated, unnecessary ma- 


Permanent files should include all your 
important documents of lasting value, i.e. 
mortgage, birth, death, and marriage certif- 
icates, and wills. The file you use should 
reflect the value of these documents. A 
sturdy metal file box that is insulated against 
fire and heat is highly recommended. A lock 
however, is not encouraged. The chances 
are a locked box would be carried off during 
a robbery. A thief would likely leave the 
same box, if he or she saw that the contents 
were of little value to him. A metal file box 
can be stored inconspicuously in a closet. 

The average home safe costs about $300 
and weighs only 100 to 200 pounds. Unless 
bolted down, the safe, and its contents, will 
probably be carried away by a thief. If you 
are only guarding home records, it's not 
worth the investment. 

Renting a safe deposit box is strongly 
recommended for your valuables. Jewelry 
that is rarely worn. Series E Bonds, pass- 
ports, collectors' coins and stamps, and 
other items of value should not be kept in 
your home. Your will should be kept at 
home, however. Bank safe deposit boxes 
are sealed upon the death of the renter, and 
your will would then be unattainable. The 
rental fee for a box is a tax deduction if you 
keep income-producing documents in it — 
Series E bonds or stock. 


RECEIPTS If you paid cash for a item and 
are satisfied with your purchase, there is no 
need to save the receipt. Limited warranties, 
as I mentioned before should be 
kept, with the corre 
spending sales receipt, 
only until they 

For larger purchases, such as television 
sets, VCRs, washing machines, or automo- 
biles, you should keep the receipt and ac- 
companying papers in your permanent file. 
You may need them down the road for 
service calls. These purchase records may 
also be used on your tax returns to justify a 
larger deduction if you have made a number 
of large purchases and paid a certain amount 
in state sales tax. 

Any record of home improvements, in- 
cluding major landscaping, should be kept 
in your permanent file. They could affect 
the amount of a capital gains levy if you sell 
your home for more than you paid for it. 

INSURANCE As a precaution, old home- 
owners and automobile insurance policies 
should be saved. Claims for injuries can be 
filed long after they were incurred, as long 
as the statute of limitations has not run out. 

Keep all medical and hospital insurance 
records in your home — when they are needed, 
they are often needed in a hurry, and it will 
save you time and anxiety if they are readily 

Notices of dividends added to total cov- 
erage, or any alterations to pohcies should 
be kept with family life insurance records. 

MISCELLANEOUS Records of any in- 
vestments may be kept in your permanent 
file. They are valuable, if only to see what 
you paid for your stock if you want to sell 

Tax records, including receipts for chari- 
table contributions and medical expenses, 
cancelled checks, and other supporting ma- 
terials, need to be saved for three years from 
the time the return is filed. 

Bank statements and cancelled checks are 
only needed for a year or two, unless they 
document tax deductions. 
Take a few minutes to sit down, review 
your papers, and start organ- 
izing. Just think — you'll 
be that much ahead 
next April. 



Lomi union nEuis 

Highway Employees 
To UBC in Illinois 

Last July, the Illinois state legislature 
passed the Illinois Public Employee Act, and 
the first voluntary recognition case under 
the law was the recognition of Cass County 
Highway Employees as members of UBC 
Local 904. 

Ten of the 1 1 highway workers in Cass 
County are now members of the Jackson- 
ville, III., local union. Business Represent- 
ative Kenneth Acree reports, and they have 
negotiated a three-year agreement. 

Acree credits the success of the organizing 
effort to members of Local 904, the East 
Central Illinois District Council, and the 
Illinois State Council. Both construction and 
industrial members participated in the cam- 

The authorization cards were presented 
to Raymond Robinson, chairman of the Cass 
County Board, who is also an industrial 
member of the Brotherhood and a past chief 
steward at the Oscar Mayer ptent. Robinson 
then recommended that the board recognize 
the Local 904 unit, which it voted to do. 

Santa Clara Council 
Aids L-P Strikers 

The Santa Clara Valley District Council, 
San Jose, Calif,, has been maintaining an 
on-going food drive to help L-P strikers and 
their families. All funds from this account 
go toward food and household costs for 
striking workers of Locals 2652, Standard, 
Calif., and 2801. Oroville, Calif. In the past 
seven months, over $56,000 has been raised. 

Their latest venture, a raffle for a trip to 
Hawaii, raised over $10,000. Grand prize 
included a round-trip for two to Hawaii and 
lodging at a condo on the island of Kauai, 
which was donated by K & C Ceilings, a 
union contractor. General President Patrick 
Campbell drew the winning ticket at a dinner 
honoring General Treasurer Wayne Pierce. 
D.J. Adams of Local 1622. Hayward, Calif., 
was the happy ticket-holder. 

D. J. Adams, the lucky member of Local 
1622. Hayward, Calif., who won the trip to 
Hawaii, above left, with H. H. "Skip" 
Landry Jr., executive secretary of the 
Santa Clara Vallev District Council. 

Participants in the 
contract signing for 
the highway em- 
ployees of Cass 
County. III. This 
was the first group 
to be represented 
under the Illinois 
Public Employee 

UBC Joins Protest 



Representatives of unemployed workers 
staged a rally in front of the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Labor, March 20, protesting the 
inaction of the federal government. Bob 
Campbell, business representative of UBC 
Locals. Wheeling. West Va.. above, was 
a speaker. Among those supporting the ef- 
fort were Walt Taylor, left, and Glenn 
Maxwell, right, also of Local 3. 

Local 1622 Letter 
Urges L-P Donations 

Local 1622, Hayward, Calif., is keeping 
up its activities to try and offer encourage- 
ment and support to L-P strikers. Their L- 
P Relief Committee, chaired by Roberta 
Slovik, has circulated a letter requesting that 
members donate $2 per month during the 
strike to assist those who are suffering be- 
cause of the strike. The letter reads, in part: 

""They are fighting for all of us, and they 
need our constant support. IT IS OUR BAT- 
TLE. Consistency, brings the best results, 
often the only result. A COMMITMENT 
Our friends up North make a commitment 
each day they stand up for what we all 
believe in. WE MUST— WE WILL, continue 
to battle the insane and UNFAIR practices, 
in the name of UNION BROTHERHOOD! 
But, please remember, our personal willing- 
ness to succeed and continue is NOT 
ENOUGH FOR VICTORY!'! We also must 
have available the material resources needed 
to carry on the fight. YOUR financial com- 
mitment will make THE DIFFERENCE!! 
We are asking each member to post this 
letter where you can read it often — and to 
make a monthly pledge of $2.00 to support 
the L. P. STRIKE. Make this commitment 
for the duration of the strike. Two dollars 
isn't much in itself, but $2.00 from each and 
every one of us. every month. WILL MAKE 
help maintain the L. P. STRIKE month after 
month. With your support, time is on our 
side. I think you will agree that one hundred 
years of effort on behalf of the BROTH- 
ERHOOD, and all UNIONS, deserves your 
immediate support. MAKE YOUR COM- 
MITMENT COUNTby making it consistent. 

30th for Auxiliary 

The members of Ladies Au.viliary 875. Mil- 
waukee. Wis., recently celebrated their 
30th anniversaiy. During this time they 
have kept busy with various activities in- 
cluding fund raising, card parties, and hol- 
iday socials. Pictured above are two 
charter members. fro/?i left. Hildee Gage 
and La Verne Hamann. 

MAY, 198 5 


Local 258 Stewards Train ^^I^^I^^^^HHHHI 

On February 26, nine members of Local 258 of the Hudson SB^-*t^|^^^^^^^HB^^^^^BH^HH|||^^| 
Valley, N.Y., District Council completed the stewards training fF' -»^^^^^^B^^L^^^H^^^^*^^^E?^B 
program "Building Union" in Oneonta, N.Y. and received W ^''^'tr^^^KKSt^ jBJnwBiV^lirWfTB 
certificates of completion. f ^^i^^^BBHKt^Kf^KM^^Sf ■ 

Those who completed the training included, from left, Cred 't^^^^^^^^^^^^^^B^tm ■ 

Morgan, Victor Shadel. Donald VanHouten, Jose Arias, -j^^^^^^l^^^^^^^^H^^IB'^^r-^^ 

Raymond Champlin, Richard Brown, Robert VanHouten, jtffe^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^LSB^Kl 

Kenneth Mayne. h ^^^^^^^^^^^^|H|^^^^^^^^H^^E| 

The sessions were conducted by Task Force Rep. Kevin l^^^^^S^^^^^^^^H^^^^^^^^^^^Vil^HI 
Thompson and Local 258 Bus. Rep. Aaron Seward. [ HMI^B^^^^^^IFHHI^^^^Ir^''^''^l 

Pension Funds Build 
Condos in Vermont 

Through a special arrangement with a New 
Hampshire bank. Local 1487, Burlington. 
Vt., has funded a cofidominium project in 
Winooski, Vt. The local obtained permission 
from its members in New Hampshire. Maine, 
and Vermont to place the Northern New 
England Carpenters' $2.2 million pension 
fund in a certificate of deposit. The bank 
then financed a loan for J. Randall Niquette 
and Russell F. Niquette Jr., the developers 
of the Millyard condominiums, at an interest 
rate one percentage point higher than the 
rate of the certificate. 

The only stipulation on the arrangement 
is that the job be completed with union 

members working for union scale. The Mill- 
yard is beheved to be the first housing project 
in Vermont to be funded and completed with 
the help of union workers in more than a 

The plan has the support of the architect 
and developer, who sat in on the initial 
stages of the proposal, and is favorable to 
Burlington Mayor Bernard Sanders, who 
said, "We're delighted with the project. 
We're putting people to work for decent 
wages and we're using the money to provide 
a socially useful product — moderate income 
housing that we need. It's a no-lose situa- 

Attend your local union meetings. Be an 
active, voting member of the United 


hard work 

Take Vaughan Claw Hammers, for example. 

Whether you choose hickory, fiber- both brads and spikes, and entire head 

glass, tubular steel, or solid steel is polished for a quality look and feel, 
handle, you get a hammer that's We make more than a hundred 

been triple-zone heat-treated for different kinds and styles of striking 

toughness in striking face, claws, and tools, each crafted to make hard 

eye Claws are beveled for gripping work easier. 


, Make safety a habit. 
Always wear safety 
goggles when using 
striking tools. 

11414 Maple Ave., Hebron, IL 60034 

For people who take pride in their work... tools to be proud of 

Rangers Meet 

Two UBC members greeted each other for 
the first time in 31 years at a recent Army 
reunion . 

Ron Smith, Local 1305. Fall River, 
Mass., and Nick Tisak. Carpenters District 
Council of Western Pennsylvania, remin- 
isced at the first reunion of the 8th Air- 
borne Ranger Infantry Company. 

The elite 8th Rangers, experts at scout- 
ing, patrolling, and raids, operated beyond 
friendly lines during some of the heaviest 
fighting of the Korean War. Any UBC 
members who served with the 8th Airborne 
are asked to contact Jim Hale, 26 Annan- 
dale Drive, Route 5, Inman, S.C. 29349. 

Peekskill Leaders 

Local 163, Peekskill, N.Y.. keeps itself in 
the thick of local government. Through 
candidate support, appointments to city 
advisor,' committees and public relations, 
the local maintains close contact with 
elected officials. Pictured, from left, are: 
Richard Jackson Jr., the mayor of Peek- 
skill and the first black mayor in New York 
State: George Pataki, newly-elected state 
assemblyman from the 91st district: and 
Gordon Lyons, business representative 
from Local 163 and labor consultant to the 
City ofPeek.Mll. 



As initiated in our December, 1984, issue, Carpenter 
plans to publish from time to time articles for our French 
Canadian readers in English and French versions. Below is 
a bilingual report. 

Quebec Sawmill 
Workers Talk Merger 

In October, 1984, delegates from Local 
2817 met at the Rond Point Levis Motel in 
Quebec in order to make important decisions 
concerning the future of their local union. 
Invited resource people from the Health and 
Safety and Unemployment Insurance Com- 
missions informed the delgates of Local 2817 
of the latest amendments related to their 
sector of work. 

The delegates then elected the following 
officers: Raymond Hort, president; Jacques 
Bolduc, vice-president; Claude La Fontaine, 
financial secretary; Denis Vandal, recording 
secretary; Rene Pelletier, treasurer; Renaud 
Drysdel, conductor; and Florian Roy, Louis 
Marie Gallant and Sylvat Landry, represen- 

At this meeting the delegates resolved to 
focus on consolidation and organizing new 
members. Tom Harkness, Director of the 
UBC's Canadian organizing office, ad- 
dressed the delegates, encouraging them to 
organize more workers. Furthermore, he 
said he intended to merge all the lumber and 
sawmill locals with Local 2817, which rep- 
resents the industrial sector for the whole 
of Quebec Province. Harkness will designate 
Claude La Fontaine, organizer, to help of- 
ficers of Local 2817 in their efforts. From 
now on until the next convention in 1987, 
there will be plenty to do. It was with great 
enthusiasm that the new officers and dele- 
gates began their work to carry out these 

At last report, March 12, 1985, the orga- 
nizing program is working. Raymond Hort 
and Claude La Fontaine report that impor- 
tant organizing campaigns are moving ahead: 
Salaison Nor 66 Ltd., North Montreal, 83 
employees; Bois Lacrois, Causapcal, 75 em- 
ployees; Pro-Forets, St-Leon Legrand County 
of Matapedia, 50 employees; Leduc St-Emile 
sawmills, Quebec, five employees. In addi- 
tion, the local is working with UBC inter- 
national representatives in order to organize 
employees of other companies. General Rep- 
resentative Guy Dumoulin reports. 


Thoiinh I he a Journeyman among the 

best, at johs end. 

Down the road I f>o with the rest. 

My tool box is my home. 

With il.K wheels the roads of a Journeyman 

I roam. 

— James Hencin. 
Local 58. 
Chicago. III. 

Congres De 

Restructuration Pour Les 
Bucherons et Employes 
De ScierJes Dans La 
Province De Quebec 

Au mois d'octobre 1984 les delegues du 
local 2817 se sont reunis au Motel Rond 
Point Levis Quebec dans le but de prendre 
d'importantes decisions en rapport avec 
I'avenir de leur local. A I'occasion de ce 
conges des personnes ressources de la com- 
mission de Sante Securite au Travail ainsi 
que la Commission d'assurance-chomage sont 
venus informer les delegues du local 2817 
des tout derniers amendements relatifs a 
notre secteur d'activite. 

Les delegues onto procede a I'election des 
officiers; les confreres suivant ont ete elus: 
les confreres Raymond Hort president, 
Jacques Bolduc vice-president, Claude La 
Fontaine secretaire financier, Denis Vandal 
secretaire archiviste, Rene Pelletier Treso- 
rier, Renaud Drysdel conducteur, ainsi que 
les confreres Florian Roy, Louis Marie Gal- 
lant et Sylvat Landry au poste de syndic. 

Au cours de ce congres il fut decide mettre 
faccent sur la consolidation et I'organisation 
de nouveaux membres, Le confrere Tom 
Harkness Directeur de I'organisation Ca- 
nadienne a adresse la parole aux delegues 
en les encourageant dans leurs demarches 
en vue d'organiser d'autres travailleurs. De 
plus il a manifeste son intention de regrouper 
tous les locaux a I'interieur du local 2817 
qui representait le secteur industriel pour 
I'ensemble de la Province de Quebec, afin 
derealisercetobjectif. Le confrere Harkness 
assignera le confrere Claude La Fontaine 
organisaleur a aider les officiers du local 
2817 dans le but de realiser cet objectif. II 
y aura beaucoup de pain sur la planche d'ici 
la tenue de leur prochain congres en 1987. 

C'est avec beaucoup d'enthousiasme que 
les nouveaux officiers et les delegues s'al- 
taquen a la realisation de ces objectifs. 

Deja en date du 12 mars 1985, I'organi- 
sation est deja en cours. Les confreres Ray- 
mond Hort et Claude La Fontaine nous 
informent que d'importantes campagnes 
d'organisations sont en marche, y compris 
Salaison Nor 66 Ltee a Montreal Nord 83 
employes, Bois Lacrois a Causapcal 75 em- 
ployes, Pro-Forets a St Leon Legrand comte 
de Matapedia 50 employes, Scieries Leduc 
St Emile de Quebec 5 employes. 

De plus le local travaille avec les repre- 
sentants internationaux a organiser les em- 
ployes d'autres compagnies. 

Hang It Up 


Clamp these heavy 
duty, non-stretch 
suspenders to your 
nail bags or tool 
belt and you'll feel 
like you are floating 
on air. They ;ake all 
the weight off your 
hips and place the 
load on your 
shoulders. Made of 
soft, cotnfortable 2" 
wide nylon. Adjust 
to fit all sizes. 


Try them for 15 days, if not completely 
satisfied return for full refund. Don't be 
miserable another day, order now. 


Red n Blue n Green □ Brown □ 
Red, White & Blue Q 

Please rush "HANG IT UP " suspenders at 
$16.95 each includes postage & handling, 
California residents add 6^2% sales tax 
(910) "Canada residents please send U.S. 
equivalent. Money Orders Only. " 







BankAmericard/Visa n Master Charge n 
Card # 

Exp. Date. 

Phone # 

4806 Los Arboles Place, Fremont, CA 94535 

Please give street address for prompt delivery. 

New UBC Jacket 

The Brotherhood is introducing a new- 
style, official jacket in time for spring 
and summer. This baseball jacket is 
kasha-lined with gold, white and blue 
nylon ribbing at the collar, cuffs, and 
waist. It also has gold snaps and a 
gold Brotherhood emblem on the left 
front. For $29.00, you can order it in 
sizes S, M. L, and XL. Write: General 
Secretary John S. Rogers, 101 Con- 
stitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 

MAY, 198 5 


Frenoh Canadiari Reporti 

Quebec Millwrights 
Seek Reimbursement 
for CWB Test 

As members of Local 2182, Montreal, 
Que., know, a most difficult year recently 
ended: work, laws, and negotiations per- 
mitted some companies and their leaders to 
take advantage of workers who have hardly 
worked and to put aside some due benefits. 
Furthermore, work safety was neglected. 

The bonuses, firing notices, unpaid trav- 
eling expenses, nonsupplied safety equip- 
ment, blacklist for some workers, blackmail 
by certain company heads, work done by 
apprentices without regard to the ratio (5- 
1) and the non-direct refusal by the com- 
panies of older workers, etc., caused by this 
period of unemployment. 

The companies request a highly qualified 
labor force. No law makes apprenticeship 
compulsory, and besides local unions do not 
receive cooperation from employers to train 
workers. Example: millwrights-welders are 
required to be tested by the Canadian Weld- 
ing Bureau for big projects as a safety 
guarantee, while on small yards nothing is 
required. Furthermore, most companies do 
not reimburse the cost of the C.W.B. Test, 
which means that Local 2182 requires its 
millwrights-welders to update their test. 
Workers must pay for the cost of the test, 
and the price set by the Provincial Center 
for professional training, which is adminis- 
tered by the educational commissions, is 
high. It is a matter we will have to keep 
bargaining for in the next negotiations. We 
ask employers to assume their part in helping 
us with the training of construction workers, 
and not by signing a work guaranty to turn 
58 year-old daily hires into millwright ap- 
prentices, as was done for the Somec com- 
pany on the Donahue project in Clermont, 

JAMES BAY — An example to be under- 
lined: Marine Industry. When we filed com- 
plaints to verify the installation of the tur- 
bines, with due proofs when the charges 
were brought, because the work was done 
by other workers than millwrights, reports 
on the visits were always unfounded. Fifty 
percent of the work was lost on the biggest 
project of the Province of Quebec and even 
of North America. If the worker had to 
express himself openly about the situation, 
the result in James Bay jargon: They made 
him take "L'Oiseau Bleu" (return plane). 
We could provide many examples about this 
project. Since today the work is almost over, 
we try to avoid a similar situation. 

REGULATIONS 3 and 5— Regulation 
concerning construction workers of Quebec 
and in particular millwrights. A bill has just 
been submitted in the "Gazette Officielle" 
of Quebec concerning installalion and every- 
thing seems to indicate that most of the 
construction trades will have to present 
recommendations for the well being of their 
members, within the legal deadline. 

Mechaniciens de Chantier 
Reclament Remboursement 
du Gout des Test CWB 

Comme vous le savez nous avons termine 
une ann^e des plus difficiles, autant sur le 
plan du travail, lois et negociations qui n'ont 
rien donne, ce qui a permis a certaines compa- 
gnies et ses dirigeants d'abuser des travail- 
leursqui n'ont presque pas travaille, alaisser 
de cote des avantages dds, et la securite au 
travail est negligee. 

Les primes, preavis, frais de deplacement 
non-payes, equipement de securite non- 
foumi, liste noire pour quelques-uns des 
salaries, chantage par certains dirigeants de 
compagnie, travail fait par des aprentis sans 
respecter le ratio (5-1) et le refus non-direct 
par les compagnies des travailleurs ages, etc 
. . . cause par cette periode de chomage. 

Un point tres important: Les compagnies 
demandent une main-d'oeuvre tres qualifiee. 
Aucune loin oblige I'apprentissage et d'ail- 
leurs nous n'avons aucune collaboration des 
employeurs pour former les salaries. EX- 
EMPLE: On exige des mecaniciens de chan- 
tier (millwrights)-soudeurs testes Canadian 
Welding Bureau, pour les gros projets afin 
de respecter la garantie et la securite. Lorsq- 
u'on se retrouve sur de petits chantiers rien 
n'est exige. De plus la majorite des com- 
pagnies ne remboursent pas le cout du Test 
C.W.B. Ce qui veut dire que le local 2182 
force ses mecaniciens de chantier (mill- 
wrighD-soudeurs de maintenir leur test en 
regie. Les travailleurs doivent defrayer le 
coflt du test et le prix demande par le Centre 
de formation Professionnelle de la Province 
qui est regi par les Commissions Scolaires 
est vraiment exorbitant et exagere. C'est 

une clause que nous devrons continuer a 
demander lors des prochaines negociations. 
Nous demandons au patronat de faire sa 
part en nous aidant pour la formation des 
ouvriers de la construction, et non en signant 
une garantie d'emploi a des joumaliers ages 
de 58 ans pour en faire des apprentis me- 
caniciens de chantier (millwright), comme 
cela s'est fait pour la compagnie Somec sur 
le project Donahue a Clermont, Quebec. 
Mauvaise experience a prevenir. 

BAIE JAMES — Un exemple a souligner 
Marine Industrie. Lorsque nous deposions 
des plaintes pour verifier I'installation des 
turbines, car le travail etant fait par d'autres 
salaries, que les mecaniciens de chantier, 
avec les preuves demontrees lors de la de- 
position des plaintes, les rapports des visites 
s'avererent toujours non fondes. Le pour- 
centage de travail perdue a 50% sur le plus 
gros projet de la Province de Quebec et 
meme de I'Amerique du Nord. Si le travail- 
leur avail a s'exprimer ouvertement de la 
situation, le resultat: en jargon de la Bale 
James. On lui paisait prendre I'oiseau bleu 
(avion de retour). Nous pourrions elaborer 
beaucoup d'exemples sur ce projet. Aujour- 
d'hui les travaux etant presque termines, 
nous nous efforgons a ce que cette situation 
vecue dans le passe ne se reproduise plus 

REGLEMENT 3 et 5 — Concernant les 
reglements qui touchaient les travailleurs de 
la construction du Quebec et particuliere- 
ment les mecaniciens de chantier. Un projet 
de loi vient d'etre depose sur la Gazette 
Officielle du Quebec, regardant la manulen- 
tion et tout semble que la plupart des metiers 
de la construction devront presenter des 
recommendations pour le bien-etre de leurs 
membres dans les delais legaux. 

McLawrence Masson Project, Quebec 

Members of Millwrights Local 2182, Montreal, Que., and their delegate, Denis Guertin 
working for the B.C. Checo Company of Montreal, Que., installing the paper machine. 

Project McLawrence Masson Quebec 

Des membres du local 2182 Millwright de Montreal et leur delegue de chantier, le 
confrere Denis Guertin travaillant pour la compagnie B.G. Checo de Montreal, Quebec 
inslallani la machine a papier. 



DuPage County Steward Training 

Speakers at the construction slewaids tiuinmfi siiiunar in DuPage Counly. III., 
included, from left. Thomas Hanahan. Hugh J. McCarthy. William Cook, Stan Macenas. 
John Beck, and David Lefkow. 

Carpenters of DuPage County. III., re- 
cently participated in an all-day training 
seminar, "Building Union." The seminar 
was jointly sponsored by Locals 558 and 
1889. Stanley Macenas, business manager 
of Local 558. and John Beck, business man- 
ager of Local 1889. organized and coordi- 
nated the program. 

Among the speakers was International 
Representative Thomas Hanahan. who dis- 
cussed the role of the international union in 
local affairs and stated that "all local unions, 
district councils, state councils, and our 
international union must provide service to 

our members." He said that the most im- 
portant quarter that can be invested by a 
steward may be the one he uses to place a 
telephone call to the business manager's 
office to keep him posted on what's hap- 
pened at the job site. 

The group heard from Hugh McCarthy, 
legal advisor to the Illinois group, and his 
associate, David Lefkow, who discussed 
work assignments, safety problems on the 
job, and other issues. 

International Representative Art Velas- 
quez hosted the afternoon session. A training 
film was shown. 

Nova Scotia Seminar on Labor Law 

Earlier this year Local 1588, Sydney, Nova Scotia, conducted a seminar on labor law in 
an effort to educate and better acquaint the officers, stewards, and members with 
Canadian legal problems and procedures. Participants included, from left, front row, 
Ron Pink: Nelson Murrant: Lawrence Sheib. business rep.. Ken Smith: William Naugler. 
assistant secretary: Robert LeBlanc. vice-president: Bernie Boudreau: Francis Venedam: 
Dan Magee, financial secretary: Art Vickers: Ernie Mugridge: Roddie Gerrow. Back row. 
Pal Perlus. president: Alex MacEachern. treasurer: Harold McLean, trustee: Donald 
Morrison, recording secretary: John Gillis: Dave Beaton: Rannie MacLellan, warden: 
Jim MacLeod, trustee. 

Two Seminars Set For Study Center 

An advisory memorandum has been sent 
from UBC General President Pat Campbell 
to all construction local unions and all distnct 
councils in the United States, advising them 
that there will be two seminars, this year, 
for fulltime business representatives and 
assistant business representatives elected or 
appointed during the 1984-1985 period. 

The seminars are held at the AFL-CIO's 
George Meany Labor Studies Center in Sil- 
ver Spring, Md., outside Washington. D.C., 
and only 50 openings are available for each 
session, which are filled on a first-come, 
first-served basis. 

The dates for the 1985 training seminars, 
are July 21-26 and August 18-23. 


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Dept. CA 

P.O. Box 2S521 

Cleveland, Ohio 4412S 

MAY, 198 5 


Daddy Simmons 
and His 

From the hill coiinliy of Kentucky, where ihey work the coal mines and the 
limestone quarries and raise hurley tobacco, comes the sloiy of a mysterious 
carpenter who literally made his own bed during the first half of this centuiy. The 
ston,' is related by Pierce Rose, a writer for the Licking Valley Courier of West Liberty, 
Ky., and it was called to our attention by Arnold Boon Cox of Local 104, Dayton, 
Ohio. The illustration is by Roger Davis, a friend of Pierce Rose. 

Around 1927, Leslie Spencer, son of Em- 
mit Spencer, who lived on Neil Howard's 
Creek, Elliott County, was employed at a 
coal mine at Logan, W. Va. He and the mine 
carpenter, "Daddy" Simmons, aged around 
70 years, became close friends. The old 
carpenter practically made his home inside 
the mine. Except to Leslie, he rarely spoke 
to other employees. "Daddy" Simmons was 
a mystery man — with a hidden past. He 
never spoke of his past life. 

In 1930 the Great Depression caused the 
mine to close. With no job, alone, no home, 
Leslie persuaded the old man to come back 
to Elliott County with him and live at the 
home of his father. After a few years at the 
Spencer home, "Daddy" Simmons moved 
to the Todd home where he lived until his 
death some \^ years later — about 19-'>0. 

The Everett Todd family, well known and 
liked, cared for, and loved him as if he was 
one of the family. 

The first night at their home, he was 
showed the bed in which he was to sleep. 
The ne.xt morning. Mrs. Todd noticed that 
his bed had been untouched. The morning 
after the same. It was then they learned that 
he never slept in a bed. 

"Daddy" Simmons made a bench-like bed 
of boards with a pillow-sized block of wood 
with a scalloped-out place in the center for 
his head. He slept on it until a year or two 
before his death, a period of about 1.^ years — 
from the age of 75 to age 88. Only when his 
health failed and his condition became se- 
rious did Mr. Todd persuade him to move 
to a bed. 

Throughout the years previously, in winter 
he moved the "bed" into the kitchen near 
the cook stove. He always kept a large 
supply of stove wood and kept the stove hot 
through the night. At early mom he moved 
the "bed" out. Mrs. Todd always had a 
warm kitchen and a hot stove when she 
started to prepare breakfast. 

"Daddy" Simmons had throughout his 
long career at the mine slept on his carpen- 
ter's bench, never at anytime using even a 
thread of bedding material — he just lay flat 
on his back on the boards, his head on the 
block of wood. 

He brought all his carpenter's tools — a 
truck load — from the Spencer home with 

him to Mr. Todd's place. He had 52 hand 
saws. One he prized most had been salvaged 
from a ship sunk in Boston Harbor. 

"Daddy" Simmons never, to anyone, said 
anything about his past life, never revealed 
his given first name. To all that ever knew 
him he was "Daddy" Simmons. 

"Daddy" Simmons was highly educated, 
a man of great knowledge. Whenever Mr. 
Todd's sons encountered problems in their 
high school classes they went to him for 
assistance. Whatever subject it was. he solved 
their problems quickly. 

He attended all the church services reg- 
ularly at the small community church that 
Rev. Todd conducted. "Daddy" Simmons' 
knowledge of the Bible was amazing, unlim- 
ited. He read chapters, verses, made draw- 
ings; his illustrations and explanations left 
all in attendance bewildered. 

Could be that he had been a teacher or 
instructor at a Bible seminary at some time 
in his past. No one will ever know. 

He was a quiet, gentle, likeable, kind old 
man. During the years he lived with the 
Todd family he seldom left the community. 
Perhaps the farthest away he ventured was 
four or five miles when he came to town. 
He at all times wanted to be busy. He gave 
help to others voluntarily, without pay. He 
helped to build the Neil Howard School 
house, enclosed the windows at no charge. 
He kept all the buildings at the Todd place 
in good repair. In summer, he, with a scyth, 
kept all the weeds mowed. In winter, when 
there was snow, he shoveled paths to places 
where needed. 

"Daddy" Simmons, with almost snow 
white hair and flowing beard, was a pictur- 
esque old man, who was loved and admired 
by all of whom were fortunate to have known 

A few years before his death, "Daddy" 
Simmons had Mr. Todd go with him to the 
Neil Howard graveyard located not far away. 
He selected and marked the site where he 
wished to be buried. 

When, around 1950, his death occured. 
"Daddy" Simmons' wishes were granted. 
Without a member of his family present, 
their whereabouts unknown, but in the pres- 
ence of all living in the area — his friends — 
he was laid to rest. 

The Shocking Truth 

Continued from Page 19 

not only cause burns, but can even 
ignite your clothing. Exposed wires can 
also ignite other materials nearby and 
stall electrical fires. Remember that 
electrical fires cannot be extinguished 
with water. Unplug the circuit and use 
a "Class C" fire extinguisher. 


These hazards can be prevented by 
proper grounding and use of double 
insulated tools, as mentioned before. 
Also make sure that equipment is in 
good condition; that wires are not frayed, 
exposed, or damaged. The best way to 
prevent electrocution is to use a ground- 
fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). The 
GFCI measures current going to the 
tool and coming back from it. If there 
is more than 5 milliamp difference be- 
tween the two, the current must be 
leaking out of the circuit somewhere. 
The GFCI then trips or interrupts the 
circuit in less than 'Aoth of a second — 
fast enough to prevent injury. GFCIs 
should be used wherever there is a 
serious electrical hazard, such as on a 
construction site where temporary wir- 
ing is used that is subject to damage, 
and wet conditions can occur. Fuses or 
circuit breakers can also cut off the 
current in a circuit, but they are to 
protect equipment, not people. A GFCI 
can detect leaks from the circuit that 
could be passing through a person 
whereas a fuse or circuit breaker mon- 
itors only the amount of current flowing. 

OSHA requires GFCIs on all con- 
struction sites whenever temporary 
wiring is being used, extension cords 
are considered to be temporary wiring. 
GFCIs are portable and only cost about 
$30.00, an investment that can be the 
key to saving your life in the event of 
an electrical problem. OSHA also re- 
quires an Assured Equipment Ground- 
ing Conductor Program for inspecting 
and testing all cords and receptacles 
that are not part of a building's per- 
manent wiring. The program must be 
written down and implemented by a 
competent person, someone specially 
trained to recognize electrical hazards. 
Records must be kept of all tests and 
inspections. The employer must test for 
continuity (that there is no break in the 
circuit) and that all plugs and recepta- 
cles are grounded properly. 

If you are doing maintenance work 
repairing electrical equipment, make 
sure that the equipment has been de- 
energized, the current shut off, locked 
out, and tested for residual energy be- 
fore any work begins. 




A periodic report on the activities 
of UBC Retiree Clubs and the com- 
ings and goings of individual retirees. 

More Workers Seek 
Retirement Security 

The last half of the 1980s will see a 
dramatic shift in emphasis away from the 
traditional "dollars and cents" concerns of 
management and the workforce, with more 
attention focused on job security, employee 
rights and equality in the workplace, ac- 
cording to a West Coast labor management 
attorney, James P. Watson, partner of Cox, 
Castle & Nicholson of Los Angeles, Calif. 

There will be a 60% increase in the number 
of 35-to-44-year-olds in the labor force in 
this decade. These middle-aged workers are 
increasingly concerned with job security, 
medical benefits for their families, and secure 
arrangements for their retirement, says Wat- 

Omaha Club Hoids 
l\/leetings, Luncheons 

Retiree Club 37 is keeping active out in 
Omaha, Neb. President George Carlow re- 
ports that they have a meeting every month, 
and a luncheon party every three months, 
spouses invited. The members are looking 
forward to their gold cards for 50 years of 

Charter Presented 

Retiree Proclaims His Rewarding Life 
With Special House Numbers In Stone 

Joe Manley, left, business agent. Local 
1005, Merrillville, Ind., is pictured above 
presenting Lawrence Dewes with Retiree 
Club No. 35' s charter. Dewes is the presi- 
dent of the club; serving with him are 
Alma Dewes, Mary Kreister, and Lois 
Carpenter as trustees: Arthur Kreister, 
vice president: and Robert Barnhouse , 

Moosberger captions this photo "Our Pet Rock — 
The Rock is always visible, the Pet. only on oc- 
casion." {The Pet is actually a neighbor.) 

Moosberger relaxing in his 
home at 12001 New Hamp- 
shire Ave. 

Youngsters and oldsters alike can take a 
tip from 82-year old member John J. Moos- 
berger, creator of the 10-ton boulder mon- 
ument "12001"— 12001 Reasons To Be 
Happy, that is, or so the monument says. 

The former member of Local 1694, Wash- 
ington, D.C., upon retirement, moved with 
his wife Cleo to their home at 12001 New 
Hamsphire Avenue in Silver Spring. Md. 
Moosberger had the quarry boulder hoisted 
into position and "almost as an after- 
thought" dictated the carving. 

The creator of the landmark continues to 
handle the rock's celebrity status in a low- 
key manner, content to let the monument 
explain itself. But as his wife divulged to a 
curious Washington Post writer, "My hus- 
band is a naturalized citizen who has been 
very happy in this country." 

In 1919, Moosberger joined the carpen- 
ters' union in Switzerland. But, Moosberger 
recalls, "In Europe, Switzerland in partic- 

ular, there was a prevailing attitude that a 
man who stays in his home community all 
his life will never amount to anything." In 
1923, Moosberger moved to New York and 
joined Local 2090. He transferred through 
several locals, working as a carpenter and 
cabinet maker — "In the winter you make 
furniture, in the summer you build." He and 
Cleo eventually settled in the Washington, 
D.C., area where "More people know our 
stone than us." In fact, the Moosbergers 
often receive mail responding to their 
' ' 1 200 1 , " including such messages as a thank- 
you note from a congregation member whose 
minister entitled his sermon "12001 Reasons 
For Being Happy." 

"I have had a successful and rewarding 
life," states the retiree. "So now at 82 years 
of age with 61 years membership in the 
Brotherhood, I do not believe I am the 
oldest, but with God's help for 10 to 15 years 
more, I may be able to get there yet." 

New Retirees Club 
In Philadelphia 

There are now four dozen Retiree Clubs 
officially chartered by the United Brother- 
hood. Charter No. 48 has been assigned to 
a group of eight retirees of Millwrights Local 
1906, Philadelphia, Pa. Edward F. Fifer Jr., 
is heading up the charter group. 

If there are seven or more of our readers 
who want to form a retirees' club in your 
area, let us know! Or if you want to join an 
already existing club, but don't know where 
to go, tell us! We want all our retired 
members and spouses to be a part of the 
activity . 

For more information or to start a club 
write to: General Secretary John S. Rogers, 
United Brotherlwod of Carpenters and Join- 
ers of America, 101 Constitution Ave.. N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20001. 

Program Planning 
Ideas in St. Louis 

The Retirees Club of St. Louis, Mo., has 
added special activities and speakers to its 
regular meeting agendas. They should offer 
good ideas to program planners of other 
UBC Retiree Clubs. 

• The county assessor's office recently 
supphed a speaker to discuss local property 

• The Washington University School of 
Medicine held blood pressure screening for 
all members who were interested, presented 
a speaker, and handed out fact sheets about 
blood pressure. 

• Out-of-town trips are scheduled for May 
and June — a Holland Tulip Tour May 16 and 
a trip down the Tulsa Trail to the Land of 
the Cherokees in June. 

EDITOR'S NOTE: Send us a report of 
your local Retirees Club's activities. Pic- 
lures are always welcome. 

MAY, 198 5 



The first project of the Tulsa Joint Apprenlueship and Training Committee was sold to an 
instructor for the Oklahoma School for the Blind. This building, their third project, is the site of a 
day care and senior citizens center. At right, above, are .some of the happy recipients of the 
apprentices' efforts. 

Tulsa Apprentices Create Center for Youngsters, Senior Citizens 

The Tulsa, Okla. Joint Apprenticeship and 
Training Program, in cooperation with the 
local YWCA, constructed a building for use 
as a day care center and senior citizens 
center in a low-income area of the city. 
YWCA officials provided the materials, and 
the apprentices furnished the labor to con- 
struct the 28' X 56' building. The construc- 
tion took place in the parking lot of the 
apprenticeship training facility and was moved 
to a permanent site upon completion. 

This is the third project of this kind per- 
formed by first and second-year apprentices 
under the supervision of Jack Giesen, co- 
ordinator, and Instructor Ron Weidman. 
Construction experience is shared by the 
apprentices under PETS (Performance Eval- 
uation Training System). The interior work 
is done by more advanced apprentices. The 
cabinets and millwork were handled by the 
Tulsa millcabinet apprentice program with 
supervisor Don Power's assistance. The 

plumbing and electrical work was furnished 
by Tulsa County Area Vo Tech students 
from the nearby Vo Tech training center. 

The building contains a 24' x 28' recre- 
ation room with a large fireplace, two offices, 
a kitchen and dining room, with ramps and 
restrooms for the handicapped. The facility 
will accommodate 25 two- to five-year-old 
children of working mothers. It's the third 
building constructed by apprentices of Tulsa 
in the past three years. 

Hammers And Saws to Philadelphia Graduates 

The newest Jour- 
neymen of Local 
1073. Philadelphia. 
Pa., received a 
hammer and hand- 
saw at their gradu- 
ation ceremony. 
They are pictured 
above with the lo- 
cal business repre- 

Black & Decker Corp. Called Union Buster 

A recent report in the Wall Street Journal 
indicates that Black & Decker Corp. has 
taken over General Electric Company's 
housewares division and has begun the proc- 
ess of brand-name changeover in toasters, 
perculators, and similar products. 

The newspaper reports that, as part of a 
worldwide restructuring of the company to 

cut costs. Black & Decker will shut down 
the GE housewares plant in Allentown, Pa., 
which employed 850 union workers. The 
United Electrical Workers say the multina- 
tional company is "union busting" by shut- 
ting a profitable plant and moving work to 
non-union factories. Workers picketed the 
company's stockholders' meeting. 

More Explanation 
For the Saw Nib 

Many readers will remember our inquiry 
of a year and a half ago (November, 1983, 
Page 38) regarding the origin of the saw nib, 
the projected "tooth" on the back of many 
hand saws. Readers suggested 18 uses for 
the nib. (See February 1984, Page 29). Here's 

John Chapman of Portland, Ore., adds to 
the discussion with these comments: 

"I once worked for an older man in a 
speciality wood products business who was 
adescendent of the Peter White family, who 
built wooden ships in Ireland. He had in the 
shop a London 12 Spring (saw) with the nib 
in question. His explanation was that it was 
sharp and made the first break across the 
grain on finish lumber, where to do it with 
the teeth would tear out the square edge. 
He demonstrated this for me by turning the 
saw over, positioning the nib over the scribe 
mark, using his thumb as a bearing surface, 
drew the saw nib through the scribed mark. 
Clean cut; no tear; then finished with the 
business side of the London 12 Spring . . ." 



Detroit Graduates for 1983 Honored 

You Are Yi>iir Union " 


The 1983 graduating class from the Detroit, Mich., Carpentry Joint Apprenticeship 
Committee, totaling more than 40 young men and women, was honored in recent 
ceremonies in the Motor City. 

Three Audio-Visuals 
Describe the UBC 

The General Office has prepared three 
audio-visual presentations to help UBC 
members better understand the full scope 
of operations of the Union. They are 
entitled "You Are Your Union,'" "The 
Purpose and Function of a District 
Council," and "The International 

The presentations are each in the 
form of a slide carousel with an accom- 
panying cassette tape and are available 
on a loan basis from the offices of each 
District Board Member. Each presen- 
tation runs about 20 minutes long. Some 
affiliates and training programs have 
indicated an interest in purchasing one 
or more carousels for their on-going 
use. The cost is $85 for one or $250 for 
the set of three. 

"You Are Your Union" is a clear and 
concise breakdown of how a local is 
set up, how a meeting is run, and the 
roles and duties of each officer. It stresses 
the value of each member within the 
larger picture. 

"The Purpose and Function of a Dis- 
trict Council" discusses the important 
role a district council plays in the UBC 
structure. It explains its value as a 
designated spokesman for several locals 
in various trades in the political arena, 
where it can present a unified front. 
The presentation also takes a look at 
the make-up of several specific councils 
to demonstrate their diversity. 

"The International Union" describes 
the evolution into the United Brother- 
hood, examines its present geographic 
structure, and explains the duties and 
responsibilities of the General Officers 
and staff at headquarters. 

"The Hurpose and Function nj a Dislricl 



"The Inlcrnalional Union" 

For a loan or purchase of these ma- 
terials, please contact: Sigurd Lucas- 
sen, First General Vice President. 10! 
Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, 
D.C. 20001. 

Power TOO 
feed ' ^^ 

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Don't let 

your lungs 

go to pot. 

Smoking marijuana is a lot more danger- 
ous than you think. And a lot less cool 


® The Christmas Seal People® 


Space contributed by the publisher as a public service 



MAY, 198 5 





AVE. NW, WASH., D.C. 20001 




As a man started to leave a res- 
taurant he noticed ttiat his coat was 
gone. He summoned the manager 
who did his best to assure him that 
it probably had been taken by mis- 
take and would be turned in later. 
The manager then asked him, "Can 
you describe the coaf^" 

"It was a light brown tweed with 
raglan sleeves and flap pockets," 
replied the diner. 

"Oh yes, I believe I saw a man 
wearing a coat like that leaving the 
restaurant a short time ago," reas- 
sured the manager. 

"Quick, what did he look like?" 
asked the other, 

"Pretty bad, the sleeves were 
way too short." 



Remember when an "expensive 
spread" was 40 acres near Dallas. 
Now, an expensive spread is pea- 
nut butter. 


Captain of the firing squad: "Do 
you want a blindfold?" 
Prisoner: "Okay." 
Captain: "Any last request?" 
Prisoner: "Yeh, use blanks." 



I come from a very liberal town. 
They just changed' the name of 
Lovers Lane to Sex Drive. 

— Orben's Current Comedy 



Traveler: I'd like a round-trip ticket, 

Ticket Agent: I'm sorry: all our 
tickets are square. 

— Boys' Life 



Tim: What kind of dog do you 
have there? 

Pam: Well, my Dad calls him a 

— P. Kocher 
Wellesley, Mass. 



Things were really bad when some 
of us were youngsters. We had no 
furniture, had to sleep on the floor, 
no heat and very little to eat. "Then 
came the depression!" 

— Catering Employee 


There was a young lady from Kent 

Who said that she knew what it 


When men asked her to dine 

On Cartier and wine' 

She knew! How she knew! But she 



The husband went with his wife, 
who had been despondent, to the 
psychiatrist's office. 

"She complains that I don't pay 
enough attention to her," he told 
the doctor. 

The psychiatrist asked her a few 
questions, and then gave her a big 
hug and a kiss. She lit up like a 

"See," said the psychiatrist to the 
husband, "that's what she should 
be getting regularly — every Tues- 
day, Thursday and Saturday, at the 
very least." 

"It's no good," said the husband. 
"I can bring her in on Tuesday and 
Thursday, but Saturday's my golf 

— Plasterer and Cement Mason 



The duckhunter trained his re- 
triever to walk on water. Eager to 
show off this amazing accomplish- 
ment, he asked a friend to come 
along on his next hunting trip. 

Saying nothing, he fired his first 
shot and, as the duck fell, the dog 
walked on the surface of the water, 
retrieved the duck and returned it 
to his master. 

"Notice anything?" the owner 
asked eagerly. 

"Yes" said the friend, "I see that 
fool dog of yours can't swim." 
— Catering Industry Employee 



A simple but sure solution to the 
high school dropout problem would 
be to require a diploma of all 
automobile drivers. 

—Henry E. Leabo 
in Legion Magazine 





A gallery of pictures showing some of the senior members of the 
Brotherhood who recently received pins for years of service in the union. 

Harrisburg, Pa. — Picture No. 1 

McKeesport, Pa. 
MAY, 1985 

Harrisburg, Pa. 
Picture No. 2 


Six members of Local 1048 received service 
pins in 1984: Eric Meier, 50 years; Charles 
Stough, 30 years; and George Levids, George 
Paliscal<, Gerald Schmidt, and Emil Kostkas, 25 

Pictured are 50-year member Eric IVIeir, 
center, with District Council President Andrew 
Zovl<o, left, and Local 1048 President Frank 
DusI, right. 


At the March meeting of Local ,1^237, pin; 
were presented to those members having 35 
years of continuous service. 

Robert H. Getz Sr.. secretary-treasurer of the 
Keystone District Council, presented the pins to 
the members. 

Picture No. 1 shows, front row, from left; 
Willard Pelffer, Verling Brightbill, Robert 
Bromley, Clayton Snyder, Walter Plank Jr., Leo 
Ruddle, Adolphus U. Walker Jr., and Charles 

Middle row, from left; Arthur Whitehaus, 
Robert D. Zimmerman, Sylvester Eppley, John 
Lahr, Walter Breinlnger, William Shuker, Ed 
Luzik, and Leroy Curtler. 

Back row, from left; David Novinger, Henry 
Renn, William White, Robert Wagner, Eugene 
Kimmel, Lee Berry, Sylvan Anderson, and 
Raymond Horner. 

Picture No. 2 shows, front row, from left: 
Clair Erdman, Robert Gerber, Merle Bowers, 
David Dolbin. William Swearingen, Elmer 
Potteiger Jr., Henry Miller. Raymond Wieland, 
and Ernest Walker Sr. 

Middle row, from left; John Hipps, Joseph 
Luto, Charles Dominick, Richard Sponsetler, 
Daniel Krehling, Jack Matter, Robert 
Hackenberger, John Nell, Charles Nell, Frank 
Hocker, and Edwin Heftlefinger. 

Back row, from left; Raymond Bear, Joseph 
Via, John Kutay, Kenneth Alexander, Howard 
Noss, Ambrose Shull, Miles Brlner, Roy Noss, 
and Louis Shaffer. 

Other 35-year pin recipients include: Oscar 
Acri, Glenn Beam, Charles Berezich, Roy 
Berkheiser, Lloyd Bowers, Earl Brubaker, 
Melvin Brubaker, Paul Casner, Howard Combs, 
Ray Criley, Amos Decker, Jacob Earhart, Harry 
Hershey, Walter Himes, John Hoffa, Allen 
Jones Sr., Russell Klelnhans, Harry Mann Jr., 
Richard R. Krick, Paul Lauver, Warren 
Lightner, Paul Lyter, Leon Mattern, Roy G. 
Maurer, Woodrow McCullough, Isaac Metzler, 
Carl F. Morrow, John Newman, Howard Noss, 
Oliver Nornhold, Roy Peifer, Arthur Poorman, 
Frederick Reedy. Leon Reinhart, Ralph 
Richwine, Earl Rife, Alfred Rumniel, Sylvester 
Sadler, Franklin Shireman, Raymond Singer. 
Donald Slothower. Hunter Smith, Kenneth 
Smith, Irwin Snyder, Gervis Sponseller, Donald 
Stoner Sr., Jay R. Stouffer. Clarence Swab, 
Wallace Thompson, Kenneth Vanatta, Howard 
Via, and John E. Ziegler Jr. 

St. Jofin. N.B. 


Three brotherhood members, formerly oi 
Local 1893, Fredericton, N. B.. recently 
received pins for service from Local 1386. 

Pictured, from left, are; Clyde Bungay, i; 
years; Earl Rediker, 20-y3ars; and John F^'- 


Gloucester, N.J. — Picture No. 1 

Gloucester, N.J. — Picture No. 2 

Gloucester, N.J. — Picture No. 3 

Gloucester, N.J. — Picture No. 5 


Local 393 recently conducted a special 
presentation of gold cards to members, 65 and 
over, with at least 30 years of service to the 
Brotherhood and at least 15 years membership 
in Local 393. 

Picture No. 1 shows, seated, from left: 
Robert M. Rudd, Joseph C. McGurk, Walter A. 
Reed, John L. Reed, Frank W. Reed, Orville C. 
Peterson, and George Potter. 

Standing, from left: James P. Marshall, 
James T. McConnell, Walter McDowell, Thomas 
A. Miller Jr., Thomas G. Minshall, Edward J. 

Continued on opposite page 

Gloucester, N.J. — Picture No. 4 

Gloucester, N.J. — Picture No. 6 


Fairbanks, Alaska 


Local 1243 recently awarded service pins to 
its members with longstanding service. Brother 
Joe Russo, president of the Alaska State 
Council of Carpenters, and Don Swarner, Local 
1243 president, presented the service pins. 

Members pictured are, front row, from left; 
President Swarner: Earle Conn, 35 year 
member; Earl Fetterman, 45 years; Albert 
Ramel, 35 years: and Art Thompson, 35 years. 

Back row, from left, are; Francis O'Connor, 
35 years: Business Representative Edward 
Perkowski, 30 years; Vincent Cronk, 30 years; 
Lester Purcell 35 years; and Assistant Business 

We're sorry! A few 
months ago we ran 
the photo to the left 
with an incorrect 
identification. Here's 
the photo again, with 
the correct story ac- 
companying it. 

Representative Albert Ivey, 25 years. 

Others who were honored but were not 
available for the picture are 25 year members 
Harry Berntson, Paul Dennison, James Doss, 
Louis Rizzuto, and Elmer Stone Jr.; 30 year 
members Carl Barnes, Vincent Detweiler, Frank 
Fantazzi, Howard Hein, Ireland Hensley, Gilbert 
Howarth, Ralph Kraus, Gerald Lizotte, Walter 
Lyon, Shelby Riddle, and Jan Wawrytko; 35 
year members Robert Barger, Claude Bash, 
Kenneth Brown, Sylvester CorotituSi V. M, 
Dickinson, James Hardin, Roger Lambert, 
Monte Opsata, and Dave Steele; and 40 year 
members Charles DuBose and James 

The members of Local 1, Chicago, III., 
pictured below were incorrectly 
identified in a previous issue. Below are 
printed the correct names and years of 

v; . Hi 
60-year member 45-year member 
Joe McAlinden Barrett Sleeman, Sr. 

35-year members 

Jim Russell and Norm Ericksen 




Nallen, and Balfour C. Pantella. 

Picture No. 2 shows, seated, from left: Clyde 
R. Lumadue, Fred E. Lickfield, John H. Lang, 
John P. Kelly, Wayne E. Hurd, Edward Hurd 
Jr., Leon A. Hudson, and Joseph R. Heaton. 

Standing, from left: John H. Hoover, James 
H. Hampton, Albert Garrity, Jesse M. Fullmer, 
Blease B. Farreny, Sandow J. DiGangi, and 
Clinton F. Davis. 

Picture No. 3 shows, from left: Thomas C. 
Ober, business representative; Russell C. 
Naylor, president; Michael Varnamonti, initiated 
8-22-26; and John Biesz, initiated 9-12-24. 

Picture No. 4 shows, seated, from left: 
Charles Cooper, John G. Costino Sr., Edwin J. 
Collopy, George A. Christofferson, Edward R. 
Catlett, William R. Capie, Robert F. Bush, and 
John S. Bartley, 

Standing, from left: Maurice Boileau, George 
F. Baird, John Biesz, Theodore Bickish, Earl W. 
Batz, Libero A. Bataloni, and Cecil E. Brooks. 

Picture No. 5 shows, from left: Fiowandi 
Ummarino, Joseph M. Steinberger, John 
Skrabonja, Henry F. Wojcik, and Mike 

Standing, from left: Anthony J. Vitchell, 
Martin V. Schramm, John Sicardi Jr., and 
Leslie E. Simpkins. 

Picture No. 6 shows, from left: Frank J. 
Walinski, Joseph Dandrea, Carl J. Agren, , 
Ellwood Davis, John J. Majrocki, Robert Stilts, 
Thomas Heinbaugh, William E. Kranefdel. 

Other members receiving gold cards are as 

follows: Gustav Anderson, Robert D. Chapman, 
George Christiansen, John J. Dawson. Nicholas 
J. Fecenko, Bernard J. Hilbert, Charles LaLena, 
Milan Milanovich, Richard D. Moll, Lemuel H. 
Nicholson, Wilbert Randolph, Kenneth Temple, 
Ezra T. Bartleson, Raymond C. Abbott, Edward 
M. Ablett, William Anderson, Gene Angelino, 
Rosario Archetta, Edward F. Batten, Harry H. 
Beamer, William Blackburn, Paul H. Brittin, 
Isaac E. Carlson, Eugene E. Carrigan, Argimiro 
Conde, Leslie W. Davey, Enoch U. Dean, 
Dominic A. Errera, Samuel C. Fiynn, James F. 
Gorman, Louis A. Guida, Randall B. Hampton, 
Leslie L. Harris, Kenneth A. Harvey, Benhard 
Heino, Henry T. Hermanns, Thomas Hicks, 
Perry F. Hill, George E. Hinshillwood, John 
Humes, Charles R. Hunter Jr., Irvin M. Hurd, 
Corbet Johnson, Harry J. Kirsche, Fredrick S. 
Laird, Joseph Lisa, Fred Lonzetta, Albert T. 
Mackey, John Marzilli, Elmer G. Mayers, 
Edward Mazak, Frank McConnell, Joseph 
Mendolia, Austin Midure, Harry W. Moore, 
Lincoln, M. Mosher, Charles R. Nicholson, 
Albert L. Ortloff, George F. Parsons, William E. 
Penny, Peter Ruggeri, John T. Sadesky, 
Charles Schramm, Paul K. Schwindt, Joseph 
Scully, James B. Sewell, John H. Simpkins, 
Roy R. Smith, Gunnar Strombeck, William 
Suden, Roland L. Taggart, Benjamin F. 
Thompson, Thomas A. Tomassone, William J. 
Wade, Charles Walton, William W. Watson, 
Charles A. Weisbecker, Charles L. White, 
Charles J. Wilhelm, Charles W. Yankus, and 
Earl R. Young. 


Local 1 509 recently awarded sep/ice pins to 
members with 25 to 40 years of Brotherhood 

Picture No. 1 shows, from left: Fourth 
District Board Member Harold E. Lewis, 40- 
Year Member Frank Vidal, President Thomas 
Puma, and Business Rep. Kenneth Berghuis. 

Picture No. 2 shows 35-year members, from 
left; George Richards, Henry Trowell, Henry 
Seigler, Jack Roberts, Thomas Terjesan, 
President Puma, Bus. Rep. Burghuis, John 
Gritzke, and Charles Higgins. 

Picture No. 3 shows 30-year members, from 
left; Ben Roberts, Albert Leavey, Norwood 
Roberts, Norbert Nowak, Elliot Burns, Arthur 
Hodgkins, Alfred Carducci, Barry Baltz, Earl 
Biddle, Thomas Puma, Gary East, Charles 
Canada, Bus. Rep. Berghuis, Augustin 
Martinez, and Board Member Lewis. 

Picture No. 4 shows 25-year members, from 
left: Benjamin Seigler, Board Member Lewis, 
Wesley Reagin, Varne Patrick, Charles 
Lamborghini, Harold Shoemaker, President 
Puma, Bus. Rep. Berghuis. 

Hialeah, Fla. — Picture No. 4 

MAY, 198 5 


Peruvian Carpenter 
Still Needs Help 

' 'Santiago Soto Inca was arrested on June 
4, 1981, in the small rural community of 
Andahuaylas, Peru. He had been called to 
the local police station to do some carpentry 
work. When he arrived, he was arrested and 
accused of giving shelter to an accused 
member of Sendero Luminoso ('Shining 
Path'), a terrorist group active in nearby 
Ayacucho . . . After his arrest. Santiago 
was severely tortured . . . Santiago was 
adopted by Amnesty International as a pris- 
oner of conscience on March 25, 1983. 
Amnesty International believes that San- 
tiago never has used nor advocated vio- 

— March, 1984. Carpenter 

Such was the status about a year ago when 
Carpenter magazine printed information and 
addresses to write to protest such prisoners 
of conscience. Amnesty International USA, 
part of the worldwide human rights move- 
ment which works impartially for the release 
of prisoners of conscience, has forwarded 
some good news: Santiago has been moved 
to an ""individual" cell, that he is sharing 
with one other prisoner. He reports things 
are "more tranquil" at his new location. "I 
want you to know that I am in good health, 
although I miss my family a lot," Santiago 
writes in a translated copy of a letter for- 
warded to Amnesty International. 

Unfortunately, however, Santiago has not 
heard from the lawyer. ""He hasn't come to 
talk to me about my situation and my in- 
nocence. Amnesty International interprets 
Santiago's position as "frozen in some 
inexpHcable Peruvian bureaucracy." 

Santiago finishes his letter: ""I say goodbye 
for now . . . with my regards for the gentle- 
men of the Carpenter's Union." 

EDITOR'S NOTE: Your letters can help get 
Santiago's release. Write to: Sr. Presidente, 
Corte de Superios Justicia, Palacio Nacional 
de Justicia, Lima, Peru. Urge that a trial date 
be set, that the charges be dropped and that 
Santiago be released. 

'No Strike' Edict 
in Nicaragua 

If you've been confused by who is who 
and which is which in Nicaragua, you have 
only to consult international labor line-ups 
to get the picture clear. The Sandinistas, the 
pro-Communist union federation, are affili- 
ated with the Communist-controlled World 
Federation of Trade Unions. During a recent 
Sandinista workers strike, their headquar- 
ters issued this statement which put all 
doubts to rest: "Strikes are a type of struggle 
used by the workers against their class 
enemies, the capitalist exploiters. Power is 
in the hands of the workers. Everything for 
the war-front, everything for the fighters. 
Long life to the popular Sandinista revolu- 

The Southern Express 

The United Brotherhood's South- 
ern Council of Industrial Workers 
reports initial success in its drive to 
sign up more workers in plants al- 
ready under contract. With the slo- 
gan, "85% in '85," industrial locals 
in District 4 are urging all ' 'free 
riders" to get on the UBC Express. 

If a member in the Southern 
Council signs up five new members 
during the current drive, he or she 
is awarded a red windbreaker like 
the one above, with "85% in '85" 
on the hack and the UBC organiz- 
ing emblem on the front. 

Each new member can wear with 
pride one of the buttons shown be- 

I'M QSV V "v^ 



Campbell Named 
To Vet Job Group 

General President Patrick J. Campbell has 
been named to a new 25-person national 
committee to promote employment of mili- 
tary veterans in the private sector. The 
special committee, made up of industry and 
labor leaders who are themselves veterans, 
is sponsored by the U.S. Veterans Admin- 

The committee is charged with "producing 
a positive climate for the employment of 
veterans by highlighting within the business 
community the marketable job skills and 
personal qualities developed during a vet- 
eran's military service." 

Grain Gets Diverted, 
Cars Keep Coming 

Recently. Cargill. Inc.. the country's 
biggest grain trader, attempted to bring 
a ship containing 25.000 tons of Argen- 
tine wheat into the United States. Car- 
gill planned to sell the wheat at $6.00 
to $10.00 less per ton than comparable 
wheat produced here. But when a co- 
alition of politicians and farm groups 
raised an outcry. Cargill diverted the 
ship at sea and sold the grain elsewhere. 

Ironically, imported automobiles, ap- 
pliances, and apparel continue to flood 
U.S. markets, threatening the jobs of 
Ameiican workers. When U.S. workers 
protest that their jobs are being lost 
they are told that U.S. consumers must 
have the benefit of a free market and 
the lower priced imports. 

The AFL-CIO is in sympathy with 
American farmers and applauds their 
success in blocking CargilTs move, as 
a step to retaining the U.S. farming 
industry, which uses the products 
American workers build. But we see a 
double standard here, one that allows 
grain to be diverted because it under- 
mines American farmers while the vol- 
untary restraint agreement with Japan's 
auto makers has been allowed to expire 
and cost 200,000 Americans their jobs. 

LIRA Rents 
Video Bulletins 

The AFL-CIO Labor Institute of Public 
Affairs ( LIPA ) has released four new " " Labor 
Video Bulletins" as part of a new tape rental 
policy to reach more of the labor movement. 

The federation's TV unit has been pro- 
ducing the bulletins since 1982. and distrib- 
uted free copies to international unions, state 
feds and regional offices. Now all local 
central bodies and local unions may rent 
each edition for $5 or purchase it for $25, 
All video formats are available — VHS, Beta 
and '/i" U-matic. 

The new bulletins now available include: 

* "Getting on TV and Radio," a guide 
for locals to help get their message to the 

* ""Making Legislators Accountable." a 
guide for workers who want to understand 
and influence national issues; 

* ""Singing for the Union." a lively labor 
music workshop from the Meany Center for 
Labor Studies: 

* ""CLUW: The First Decade." which 
reviews the development of the Coalition of 
Labor Union Women and covers child care 
and pay equity issues. 

Full information and a catalog are avail- 
able from Julie Smith. LIPA. 8I5-I6th St., 
N.W.. Washington. D.C. 20006. 



The following list of 760 deceased members and spouses represents 
a total of $1,354,579.61 death claims paid in February, 1985; (s) 
following name in listing indicates spouse of members 

Local Union. City 





Chicago, IL — Clarence Gerner. Clarence Gerner. 
Gustav Paulin. Richard C- GarnetL 
Cincinnati, OH — Alva N. Corsbie, Laura Jane Sipple 

St. Louis, MO— Earl E. Lewis, Frank Pfeiffer. Jr.. 
Frank Straka, John Ewerlz. Jr. 
Hudson County, NJ — Josephine Amato (s), Kennelh 
Ross, Lawrence Muller, Norman D, Foster. 
Minneapolis, MN — Nancy E. Burg (si, Uno Nelson. 
William Fylen. 

Philadelphia, PA— Samuel Tucker. 
Chicago, IL — Alex Goeringer, Audrey L. Suroviak 
(s), Marcella Elam (s). Nils Ragnar Larson, 
Syracuse, NY — Chester A. Loniewski. Harold C. 
Soltau. William H, McRorie. 
Chicago, IL — Alma Paula Carlson (s). 
San Antonio, TX— J. E. Kirkland. 
Hackensack, NJ— Clifford A, Vanderbeck, Philip S. 
Philip. Wienberg Kurt- 
Springfield, IL — Anion Martinkus, Delia Thierbach 
(s). Harry Graham. 

Bronx, NY — Angelo DiPaolo. Anita Hyman (s), 
Anthony Damiano, Edward Deluise. Frank Loglio, 
Fred Persen. 

Detroit, MI— Clifford M. Frederick, William W. 

New York, NY — Dominic Lagana. John Beailie. 
San Francisco, CA^AIbert Donaghy, Luise Arras 
(si, Lydia Bonau (si. Mary Catherine Cassano (s). 
Steven Heckert. 

Williamsport, PA— Frank A. Cellilti. 
Central CT — George Heinrich. Lawrence Blanc. 
Norbert J. Crosby. 
Los Angeles, CA— Ray E. Scranton, 
East Detroit. MI — Charles Bell, John Chmurzynski. 
Missoula, MT — Fred R. Starner. 
Trenton,NJ— Anthony J Barker. Arthur W, Hamer. 
Jr.. George N. Muschal, 
Boston, MA— Eslelle R. Lebel (s). 
Oakland. CA— Arnold J, Kent. Frank A. Phillips. 
Heber D. Floyd. Vinton L. Ridley. Wilma Dean 
Vassaur (s). 

Boston, MA — Joseph M. Cormier. Martha Gaudreau 

San Francisco, CA— Leif Tosse. 
Champaign Urba, IL — Nobel Filzwater. 
S Ste Marie. MI— Car! C. Campbell. 
St. Louis, MO — Rita Alice Scarfino (s|. 
Knoxville. TN— Allen L. Lylle. Arlie B. King- 
Chicago. IL— Joseph Jablonsky. 
Boston, MA — Samuel H, Clarke. William Goodland, 
Chicago. IL — Bror A. Hedberg. Eric T. Swanson, 
Oswald Olson, Per Esbjornson, Roy Christenson. 
Kansas City. MO — Chester F- Harrison. Louis M. 

Boston, MA — James P. Beggan. Rose Marley (s). 
Chattanooga, TN — Claude Rogers, 
Chicago, IL^Chester A. Talaga, John H. Neil, Jr., 
Richard T Lipke, 

Rochester, NY — Alphonse Dejohn. Charles R. Fer- 
guson. Clifford J, Bacon. Frank Harloff, Horatio C- 
Schoenheil. John Blend, Richard E. Demmer. 
St. Paul, MN— Anna E- Simon (s|. 
Evansville, IN — Gerald K. Lauer, Linus L. Lindauer- 
Providence, RI — Bjoren Henriksen, Dolore Lusig- 
nan, Helen Lucienne Berge (s), Leon Rekrut. Neil 

E>etroil. MI — Irving Goldberg. 
Oakland, CA— Robert E. Berry. 
Dayton. OH— Harry N- Copeland. John W. Hord. 
Cleveland, OH — Edward J, Oschmann. Emil Malko. 
Des Moines, lA — Albert Anderson, Donald Mur- 

Worcester, MA — Evelyn Benson (s), Henry La- 

Sheffield, AL — Carlos J. Russell, Charlotte Johnson 
isl, Ernest E- Tompkins. Lealha B. Willis (s). 
St. Joseph. MO— Floyd E- Price, Helen 1. Leslie 
(si. Iris E, McMurry, John A, Reeves, Leslie Foster. 
Middletown, OH — Owen Clark Hammond. 
Albany. NY— Joseph Pieringer. Phillip Olson. 
Philadelphia, PA — Harry Levin. Joseph D. Garner. 
Washington. DC— Bruce B, Hutsler, Jay Allen Har- 
per, John M, Enter, Luther O. Gladhill, Voilet Lee 
Bolion Haynes (s), William E, Alex. 
New York. NY— Stanley Haracz. 
Chicago, IL^-Edmund M. Faifer. 
Plainfield, NJ— Vincent J, Quaranliello. Sr. 
Kenosha. WI — Frank Becker. Warren H. Stevens. 
San Mateo, CA — Albert Boitano. James A, Riechler, 
Peler J. Rudomclkin, Willie R. Atkinson. 
Rock Island, IL— Orval D. Glisan, 
East St. Louis, IL — George Hulsey, Jr., Martin 
Pemrick, Marvella L. Alexander (s). 
Youngstown, OH — Arthur Scheetz, Grady F. Davis. 
Joseph L- Williams, Melvin J, Hudson. 
Chicago, IL — Edward Rechloris. Fred J, Wrona. 
Lawrence Egeness. Loren S. Stevens. Thomas Mad- 

Local Union, City- 
IBS Peoria, H^Ruth Grain (s). 
184 Salt Lake City, UT— Joseph F, Douglas, Ralph A. 

Heap, Russell Furlow. 
188 Yonkers. NV— Walter Pastor. 
190 Klamath Falls. OR— Donald Blair Schortgen. 

194 East Bay. CA— Alfred L. Coon. Lawrence J Kel- 
leher. Richard E. Seastrom. Vesta W. Kennedy (s). 

195 Peru, IL— Dorothy L. Flowers(s). PhillipJ. Vesper, 

198 Dallas. TX— Carl R. Brooks. Ernest G, Mankins. 
John B Fleming. 

200 Columbus, OH— Charles W, Backus. Fred G. Snead. 

210 Stamford. CT— Alfonso Filippelli, Michael Paul Co- 
ney, Michael Potetz, 

213 Houston, TX— Bamett W. Cook, Beatrice Mane 
Duncan (si, Clarence H, Turner. Earl Morris, Her- 
man Woehsi. 

218 Boston, MA— Ernest Fizzaro. Mary Butare (s|, 

225 Atlanta, CA— Bobbie W, Goode (s). Donald Tyler 
Yoga. Henry S, Wilson. Henry Virgil Ballew. 

242 Chicago, IL — Anton Zamida, George Ceithaml, Lewis 
Wilson, Steve Andrysiak. William Lehner. 

244 Grand Jet, CO— William C. Coleman, 

246 New York, NY— Benjamin Raisman. Henry Rippe. 

247 Portland. OR— Carroll C. Morris, J. Terrell Curtis. 
250 Lake Forest. IL— Alvan Malsch, Richard A. Senf, 

Russell W. Rouse, Toivo Hannula. 
255 Bloomingburg, NY — Harry E, Gath. Maria Falken- 
berg (s). 

257 New York, NY— Arvo Willberg, Benny Tucker, 
Edward Cann. Emanuel Alongi. Guiilermo Barral, 
William Millar. 

258 Oneonta, NY— Leif Tenden. 

259 Jackson. TN — Laura Hazelwood Hudson (s|. 

261 Scranton, PA — Joseph Fitlerer, 

262 San Jose, CA— Gaylord M, Akers, 

264 Milwaukee, WI — Joseph M. Hiegel, Myron Mc- 

Farlin, Walter Zumhagen. 
272 Chicago Hgt, IL^Augusta Rufo (si, Henry Vonen- 

geln. James Capnoiti. 

280 Niagara-Gen&Vic. NY— Carl L. Sage. 

281 Binghamton, NY— Frank E, Stiles, 
292 Linton, IN— John Waldroup. 

296 Brooklyn, NY— Eleanor Nilsen (s). James Elardi, 
Rubin I^ewiatm. Sam Nagel, 

297 Kalamazoo. MI— Frank Guelschow. 
304 Denison, TX — Perry H. Larkins. 

308 Cedar Rapids. lA — Elmer J , Nemecek. John Armon. 
311 JopHn, MO— Elta J. Smith (sl, 
314 Madison, WI^Albert E, Vandermolen. Alois L. 
Zeier, Carl Pieh. Frank Trotter. Russell E. Reeve, 

316 San Jose. CA— Clifford E, Austin. Harold J. Bou- 
telier, Lawrence Fraasch, Noel H- Gresham. Ste- 
phen J. Mateik. 

317 Aberdeen, WA — Magnus B. Solvik, 

319 Roanoke. VA— Brady D. Hill (si. Wilford Ingram. 
329 Oklahoma City, OK— Robert E. McCarter. 

337 Detroit, MI — Richard E. Hansen, Stanley Rousse, 
Susie H. Onslow (s). 

338 Seattle, WA— Jack E. Yates. Maurice Munro, 
345 Memphis, TN— Carl Tullos. 

348 New York, NY— Edward Druhl. John Duwel, Louis 

356 Marietta. OH— Henry H. Miller, 
359 Philadelphia. PA— Charles Myers, Walter Schmidt. 
369 N. Tonawanda, NY — Maynard Cannan, 
377 Alton, Il^Ruth E. Brant. 
384 Ashville. NC— Foy L, Pittillo, 
388 Richmond. VA— Elberi J, Anderson. 
400 Omaha. NE^Daniel N, Simpson. Earnest K. Sadie. 

John A. Bojanski. Leverell Archibald. 

402 Northmptn-Creenfd. MA— Victor Hoyt Clough 

403 Alexandria, LA— Coy Ward. 

404 Lake Co, OH— Frank J, Royce, Sr., Frederick H. 
Hadeler. James L. Molnar, 

413 South Bend, IN— David L, Tutorow. 

417 St. Louis. MO— George F. Klaus. 

424 Hingham, MA — Robert B. Oquin. 

433 Belleville. II. — George Koesterer, 

454 Philadelphia. PA — Francis McAneny. Herbert H. 

San ford, 
458 Clarksville, IN— James Cottrill. 
465 Chester County, PA — Charles Boyer. 
470 Tacoma, WA— Wayne R. Willcox. 
472 Ashland, KY— Verner Conley. 
483 San Francisco, CA — Charles McKee. Lorenzo F. 

493 Ml. Vernon, NY— Margret G. Alexander (s). Paris 

H- Davanzo. 
507 Nasvhille, TN— John T. Anderson, 
512 Ann Arbor, MI— Harmon E- Tuthill- 

514 Wilkes Barre, PA— Barney A. Mokarczyk. Daniel 

515 Colo Springs, CO— Aunus Lee Earle (s), Nellie May 
Kennetl (s). 

526 Galveston, TX— James Percy Rayner. 
530 Los Angeles, CA— Everet Leroy Schulte. 

537 Aiken, SC— Edward C. Kemper. 

538 Concord, NH — Clarence E. Holmgren. 

Local Union. City 


















Oakland, CA — Jean DeLongpre. Mary Jo Benardo 

Everett, WA— Katie Ahl (s). Seldon M. Cunis. 
Glendale. CA — Allen H. Kocher. Everett N. Forgey. 
Joseph F. Ulawski. Kennelh G, Shoemaker. 
Elkhart. IN— Kennelh R. Henderson. 
Pascagoula, MS- — James H, Taylor, 
Sacramento, CA— Carson V. Osburn. Clarence A. 
Harvill. Harold W, Jobe. Lloyd W. Gibbs. Lucille 
V. Williams (s). Luther A. Goss, Victor N- Swanson. 
Lynn, MA — Francis J. Ellard, Sr, 
St. Paul, MN — Francis L. Willey. Kaia E. Pearson. 
Hammond, IN — Lindsey Neil. Michael Cisarik. Ruth 
E. Keith (s). 

New York. NY — James Shea. Kevin P. Obrien. 
Port Arthur. TX— Clarence M. Beaver. James S. 
Barraque. Sarah Case Moss (sl. 
Hampton Roads, VA — Daniel Robert Vaught. Roy 
J. Murphy (sl. 

Madison, NJ— Russell Treible. 
Waco, TX — Marlon L. Wilkinson. Ruey Allie Gra- 
ham (sl- 

Atlantic County, NJ — Andrew Merlock. Harry W, 
Mong. Harvey P. Senseney. Jahu Leeds, Margaret 
E. Regenberg (s). Wallace Fisher (sl. 
Wilmington. DE — Bradford Dickerson. Emma Lock- 
wood (s), Richard Rowe. 
Jacksonville. FL — David Oscar Griswold. 
Salem, IL — -C. Colvin MacDonald. 
Marion, IL — James C. Reeder. Paul M. Wallace. 
Richmond, CA — Charles Giggey, Edward Carson, 
Richard F, Wilson, 
Pekin. H^-Oren C. Vice. 
Amarillo. TX — Edwin K, Doores, 
Palo Alto, CA— Winfred Haynes. 
Tampa. FL — Aldo Pitlon. William Robert Harp. 
Covington, KY — Edward H LutkenhotT. 
Jackson. MI — Denzel K, Parker, Howard W. Davis. 
Long Beach, CA — William Danley. 
Elizabeth, NJ— John Wilhelms. Martha Wilhelms 

Los Angeles, CA — Elmer R. Simon, Joseph A. Jon- 
letz. Joseph Joos, Loren P. Sommers. Manuel Fer- 
nandez. Ruih Leah Ceranic (s). 
Hialeah, FL — Warrew Williams. 
Portland. OR— Clifford A, Hathaway. 
Bakersfield. CA— Bertram Claude Hamble. 
Honolulu HI — Tsutomu Nishizawa. 
Santa Rosa, CA— Charles T. Madsen. Elmer Fuller. 
Leiand Mulkey. Marjone C, Schoenman (s). 
Shreveport. LA — Emmeti A. Sheek. 
Albert Lea, MN — Dean Tenold, 
Pasadena. CA — John G. Kathman, 
Yakima, WA — Joseph G. Huck- 
Clinton, lA— Clarence F. Stralow. 
Astoria. OR— Ellie M. Hovden is). 
Sioux Falls. SD~Harold Dickey. 
Rockford. IL — Martha Williams (s). Melvin Hollis- 

Metropolis, IL — James Stockton. 
Cairo. IL — Elberi Deweese. 
Springfield, NJ — Roberl J. Kerwick. 
Santa Cruz, CA— Virgie Florence Vogel (s). 
Seneca Falls, NY — Armenio J. Marino. 
Des Plaines. IL — Johanes Sorensen. Louis C. Por- 

Canoga Park. CA — Charles Ruddock. 
Clirton Heights. PA— Francis R. Bosch. Helen Link 


San Bruno, CA — Nick Masciovechi. 

Tucson, AZ — Mildred McLaughlin (s). 

Brooklvn, NY— Helga Thoren (sl. Joseph Leonar- 


Portsmouth, NH— Earl W. Colby. 

Los Angeles, CA— Floyd T. Crockett. Nelson Bates. 

Verna Crockett (sl. 

943 Tulsa, OK— Elmer E. Sullivan, Opal Fay Cloyde 


944 San Bernardino. CA— James Edward Berry. 
954 Ml. Vernon. WA — John H. Nowochin. 

958 Marquette. MI— Vieno 1. Takala (sl. 

964 Rockland County, NY— Mildred H. Conklin (s), 
Stanley G- Konopko. 

969 Penn Yan. NY— Nelson Bennett. 

973 Texas City. TX— Gorlh B. Walker. 

978 Springfield. MO— Ernest J. McMullin. 

982 Eklroit, MI— Aaron Csoni. Frank B. Harmon. Laur- 
ence Bayne. Paul Mosko, Russell Rattle. 

993 Miami. FL— Harold M. Pixley. Richard R, Powers. 

998 Royal Oak, MI— Louise Basnaw (s), 

1001 N. Bend Coos Bay. OR— William M. Kouls. 

1003 Indianapolis, IN— Kenneth Peck. 

1005 Merrillville. IN— Irving Brasser. Stanley Wozlek. 

1006 New Brunswich, NJ— Stanley Zaleuski- 

1014 Warren, P.4— Cecil J. Morlenson isl. Daniel H. 
Bowers. Erven Carlson, Herbert E. Johnson. 

1027 Chicago. Il^Edward Zych, John Aiidrctich. Ken- 
neth Kamradt. Paul Dzenciolowsky. Thomas Thackcr. 
Zetda Rozak (s). 

MAY, 19 85 


Local Union. City 

Local Union, City 

Local Union. City 

1043 Gary, IN— John J. Redone, Ruby Bowman (s). 1554 

1044 Charleroi, PA— Emil M. Gondella. 1565 
1046 Palm Springs, CA— Franklin R. Ayers. 1573 
1050 Philadelphia, PA— Anthony Marotta, James Wood, 1577 

Pauline Billups (s), 1583 
1053 Milwaukee. Wl— Helen Stencil (s). 

1055 Lincoln, NE^Evelyn E. Gabriel(s). Helen Stephanie 1595 

Sloup (s), John O. Seedlund. 

1059 Schuylkill County, PA— Henry Mehling 1596 

1073 Philadelphia, PA— Edward A. Jackson. 1599 

1089 Phoenix, AZ— Edward Jastrzebski, Ernest L. Griggs. 1607 
1098 Baton Rouge. LA— Fred H, Verrett. 
1102 Detroit, MI— Wilham Slimmel. 

1108 Cleveland. OH— Annie Myrtle Smith (s). Arthur G. 1618 
Wengatz, Audrey I. Molnar (s). Raymond H. Pratt. 1622 

1109 Visalia. CA — Clarence Osborne, John Werner. 

1120 Portland, OR— Palmer I Hammer, Wilham J. Ken- 1635 

nedy. 1644 

1125 Los Angeles. CA— Charles H, Denny, Howard E. 

Tillson. Wilburn Blue. William J, Summers. 1650 

1138 Toledo. OH— Leopold Wisniewski. 1654 

1140 San Pedro, CA— Carl O, Christiansen, Ira D. Skin- 1686 

ner. 1693 

1146 Green Bay, WI— Betty Verheyden (s), Gordon Fran- 1708 
cis. 1733 

1147 Roseville. CA— Chester Dougherty, Frank L. Lane. 1741 
1149 San Francisco. CA— Jack Cranford. 1746 

1163 Rochester, NY— Maxine R. Long (s). 1752 

1164 New York, NY — Edward Lattari, Frederick Scherer. 1765 

1185 Chicago, IL^Ewald H. Dierking. 1775 

1186 Alton. IL~Earl T. Bond. 1778 
1194 Pensacola. FL— William A. Wortmann. 1780 
1207 Charleston. WV— Hazel Jones Turner (s). 1795 

1216 Mesa, Fl^Abraham L. Reh, Faye B. Soderman 1797 
fs). 1807 

1217 Greencastle, IN — Ross Lawrence Timmons. 1808 
1222 Medford. NY— Hennch Stiene. 1811 
1235 Modesto. CA~Andrew Jensen, Dewitt Stringfellow. 

1240 Oroville. CA— Carlos F. Rasmussen. 1815 
1242 Akron. OH— Mossie Sue Johnson (s). 

1258 Pocatello, I[>— Jesse H. Christensen, Knud Hau- 1822 

gaard. 1839 

1263 Atlanta, GA— Leonard E. Crider. 1840 

1266 Austin. TX— Harry L. Welch, William E. Davis. 1845 

1273 Eugene, OR— Glenn W. Johns, John K. Ekiund. 1846 
1275 Clearwater, FL— Frances A. Johnson (s). 

1280 Mountain View, CA— Harold M. Halfhill, Laurence 
E, Gillespie. Roberta Charlotte Sofge (s).' 

1281 Anchorage, AK— Frances Houlder (s). 1847 
1289 Seattle. WA— William R. Treibel. 1849 
1292 Huntington, NY— Anthony Costa. Arthur O. Wenz, 1856 

Jr 1871 

12% San Diego. CA — Herman Lentz, Jess Lamar Nelson, 1889 

Jesse Trammell, Lawernce Bourgerie, Lural Helen 1913 
Wright (s), Richard H. Doss. William L. Richards. 

1301 Monroe. MI— John Tuberville. !914 

1305 Fall River. MA— Alfred T. Gadbois, Edward Riley. 1915 

1307 Evanston, IL — Ann Klages (s), Frode Laursen. 1921 
1329 Independence, MO— Stephen F. Hubbard. Virgie L. 

Bishop (s). 1929 

1342 Irvington. NJ — Ferdinand Andalora, James Rober- 1931 

tazzi. Joseph Strasser, Leo J. Valeo, Rudolph Da- 1976 

gostino. 2007 

1345 Buffalo. NY— George Ballon. 2020 
1353 Sante Fe. NM — Onesimo G. Martinez. 
1358 La Jolla, CA— Walter J. Lane, 

1365 Cleveland, OH— Stewart E. Lawrence, Jr. 2035 

1366 Quincy. IL — Clemens B. Baker, Junior William 2046 

1373 Flint, MI— Lerov Manning. 2047 

1378 Scranton. PA— Stephen Edward Walsh. 2073 

1379 North Miami, Fl^Glen R. James. 

1382 Rochester, MN— Martin Hanson. 2077 

1393 Toledo, OH— Joseph J. Thomas. 2093 

1394 Ft. Lauderdale, FL— Corman C. Smith, Ray W. 
Ormsby, Spafford T. Throp. 2II4 

1379 North Hempstad, NY— Paul G. Wozlonis. 2127 

1407 San Pedro, CA— Archibaldo L. Peraza. Aubrey Fan- 2141 

ning. 2155 

1418 Lodi. CA— G. G. Blewett. 2172 

1419 Johnstown. PA— William R. Soler, 

1423 Corpus Christie, TX— Murray C. Pearce, Phillip R. 2203 


1426 Elyria, OH— Herbert M. Ziegman. 2204 

1437 Compton. CA— Oscar Choate, Sally M. Clark (s). 2205 

1438 Warren, OH— Addison V. Wolfe. 2214 

1452 [>etroit, MI— Peter Mendler. 2235 

1453 Huntington Beach, CA — Catharine M- Steadman (s), 

Leion E- Newsom, Lula Mae Moore (s). 2239 
1456 New York, NY— Bertil F. Nelson. Harold Opdal, 

Kalle Heintie, Magnus Sonnergren, Tonnv BIyseth 2248 

(s). Toralv Gertsen, Walter H. Knoblauch. 2250 

1461 Traverse City. MI — Elizabeth Biermacher (s), Ray- 2265 

mond L. Lark. 

1468 Alcolu. SC— Delbert Harrol Singleton. 2287 

1476 Lake Charles, LA— Lee V. Savant. 2288 
1478 Redondo, CA — Josephine Taylor (s), William F. 


1485 La Porte, IN— Vernon Leolz 2308 

1490 San Diego, CA— Almon Smrud 2361 

1497 E. Los Angeles, CA— Dave Rowley, Frank Glea, 2371 

Lester Trisko. 2375 
1500 Palatka, FL— Rufus H. Holcomb. 

1507 El Monte, CA— Ethel V. Hender^,on (s), Herbert W. 2396 

Gilliam, James C. Jackson. Muriel E. Motzl (s), 2398 

Patrick Mocerino, Paul E. Aubin. 2403 

1509 Miami, FU-John E. Sarmento. 2411 

1521 Algoma, WI — Edward Kostichka, Laurence Toppe. 2416 

1522 Martel. CA— Alvin R. King. 2435 
1536 New York, NY — Charles Dabney, Giacomo Marino. 

1539 Chicago. H^Bert W. Sporleder. Frank L. Abbott, 2453 

Joseph Korz. 2461 

1553 Culver City, CA — Joseph L. Delatorre. Michael John 

Condon. 2470 

Miami, FL — Jose A. Tillan. 
Abilene, TX — George W. Ishmael. 
West Allis, WI— Roland R. Gabert. 
Buffalo, NY— Daniel L. Donnelly. 
Englewood, CO — James Russell, Leiand Ruggles, 
Marlene Schroder (s). 

Montgomery County, PA — Albert C. Hammel, Julius 
J Chuck. 

St. Louis. MO— Hubert R. Sitz. 
Redding, CA — Edwad F. Gruner. 
Los Angeles, CA— Arthur Henry Klug. Edna Mae 
Sanders (s), Fred L. Modlin, Michael Krenicki, 
Philip Shaw. 

Sacramento, CA — Lee Rusk. 

Hayward. CA — Frank T, Mello, Hugh Blankenship, 
Sr., Winston E. Dabney. 
Kansas City, MO — Donald D. Brundage. 
Minneapolis. MN^ — Donald Koch. Joseph Plessel. 
Robert L Smith. 
Lexington. KY — Mary M. Taylor. 
Midland, Ml— Wallace W. WolL 
Stillwater. OK— Homer M. Hulsey. 
Chicago. IL — Harry J. Pluchrat, Owen M. Reece. 
Auburn. WA— Walter H. Benz. 
Marshfield. WI— Viola M. Burt. 
Milwaukee. WI — Irwin Behm. 
Portland, OR— William Lillquist. 
Pomona. CA — Dean Leslie Earl. 
Orlando. FL^Elta Lee Thornton (s). 
Columbus, IN — Olice Stephens, Thomas Pierce. 
Columbia, SC-^Charles H. Martin. 
Las Vegas. NV — Bruce N. Dahl, Merry J. Eisley (s). 
Farmington, MO — Owen Evans. 
Renton. WA— Harold R. Hill. Michael A. Boushee. 
Dayton. OH — Ernest Arthur Harris. 
Wood River, IL — Eva Mae Slaughter (s). John Karm. 
Monroe, LA — ^Arvis Turnage, Chester A. Turnage, 
Valvis Dupree, William A. Dunn. 
Santa Ana, CA — Andrew Swistak, Rhoda L. Kump 
(s), Suzanne Elsaesser (s). 
Fort Worth, TX—Brooks Bowie McPherson. 
Washington, MO — Edith Irene Whilworth (s). 
Faribault, MN— Helen R. Mertins (s). 
Snoqualm Fall, WA — Dorothy 1. Simpson (s). 
New Orleans, LA— Carsten G. Riecke, Lawrence A. 
Ferran, Leonard Oubre. Mark N. Bendish, Jr., Otto 
L. Spears, Sharon C. Cavalier (s). Warren J. Dela- 
croix, Wendall J. Heider. Willie H. Hagan. 
St. Paul, MN— Peter Schuna. 
Pasco. WA — Thomas Thompson. 
Philadelphia. PA— Harry E. Woldsmil, Sr. 
Cleveland, OH — Edgar Welch, John P. Druzbacky. 
E>owners Grove. IL — Betty A. Hallberg (s). 
Van Nuys, CA — Clarence A. Shipman, Clyde E. 
Myler. Silar H. Hudspeth. Toivo Torronen. 
Phoenix, AZ — Dorothy Crews (s). 
Clinton. MO— Bernard Barnett. 
Hempstead. NY — Anthony Margherita. Frank J. 
Moskowski. Rose Manise (s). 
Cleveland. OH — Lawrence J. Knox. 
New Orleans. LA — Elmore Poirrier. 
Los Angeles, CA — Alex Lein. 
Orange. TX— Buck B. Hearn. 
San Diego. CA— Golda E. Bickel (s), Paul T. Bickel. 
Pearl M. Taylor (s), Theodora J. Carlson (s). Walter 
E. Henson. 

Kingsbeach, CA — Raymond A. Lund. 
Martinez, CA — Alice Christofferson (s). Johnnie 
Pearl Richardson (si. Walter F. Mcintosh. 
Hartford City. IN— Helen V. Kellogg (s). 
Milwaukee. WI — Arthur Glasenapp, Gladys Kuklin- 
ski (s). 

Columbus, OH — Arthur R. Dehmann. 
Phoenix, AZ — John W. Dickinson. Signe E. Carlson 

Napa, CA — Harrison Murray. 
Centralia, WA— Merritt B. Doyle. 
Scottsbluff, NE^Eslher Smith (s). 
New York, NY— Abraham Zuckerman. 
Santa Ana, CA — James Alan Cook (s), Mary Jutianna 
Rupel. Pablo Valdez. Wendell P. Decker. 
Anaheim, CA — Raymond Harwood. William Nee- 

Las Vegas, NM — Donene Ann Brizal Grifgo. 
Wenatcnee, WA — Emery L. Toland. 
Festus, MO — John E. Cavanaugh. 
Pittsburgh, PA — Charles Hanable. Emery J. Mer- 

Fremont, OH — Leonard Hopkins, Roland Edward 

Piqua, OH— Ruth M. Warner (s). 
Red Bank, NJ — George A. Truex. 
Detroit, MI— Ben Anton, Lola Viles (s). Rita Green 

New York. NY— Joseph Meehan. 
Los Angeles, CA — Bernard Fred Greiff. Grover Dan- 
tzler. Jess McWi they. John Omullen, Kenneth James 
Macquinn, Ted A, Christensen. Vincent Teppert. 
Fullerton, CA— Eari E. Gandy. 
Orange, CA— Russell E. Bright. 
Cambridge City. IN — James P. Miller. 
Los Angeles, CA — Floyd McCarty, Raymond A. 
Mulcahy. Reba Ann Ryan (s). 
Seattle. WA — Hilmer A. Norberg, John M. Johnson. 
El Cajon. CA— Clyde W. Sissom. 
Richland. WA— Thomas F. Walsh. 
Jacksonville. FL — Jewell F. Easton. 
Portland. OR— Ellen J. Curtis (s). 
Inglewood, Ca — Clarence A. Steger. Gerard D. Tur- 
enne, Johannes M. Berg. Patrica Ann Sill (s). 
Oakridge, OR — Carolyn Kay Malcolm (s|. 
Cleveland, TN — Clarence M. Dalton, Leonard L. 
Tullahoma, TN— Carlos W. Wright. 

2477 Santa Maria, CA— Thomas D. Phillips. 

2484 Orange, TX— Cleveland Edward Sontag, Sr. 

2519 Seattle, WA— Conrad Westby. Emma Lapeari Par- 
ker (s). Goerge T. Walters, Theodore P. Olson. 

2540 Wilmington, OH — Marjorie Vineyard. 

2554 Lebanon. OR — Clarence Malone. Kenneth H. Whit- 
man, Odes L, Hawkins, Robert Patterson. 

2601 Lafayette, IN— Joseph Bartlett, Prudence Byrd (s). 

2629 Hughesville, PA— Carl F. Wease, H. Milroy Wor- 

2633 Tacoma. WA — Julius C. Viancour, Molly Ruth 
Texslrum (s). 

2734 Mobile Vic, Al^Johnnie F. Phillips. 

2750 Springfield, OR — Kenneth Anderson. 

2755 Kalama, WA— Edward F. Cook. 

2761 McCleary, WA— Claude Smith, Mary W. Dailey (s). 

2767 Morton, WA^ — Leon Borden. 

2791 Sweet Home, OR— Betty Jane Brent (s). 

2793 Indianapolis, IN — Leo Friedman. 

2805 Klickitat, WA— Delbert Monroe. 

2816 Emmett. ID— Lena Mary Driscoll (s), MeHe F. 

2832 Neenah, WI — Harry Rasmussen. 

2834 Denver, CO— Harlan L. Bartle. 

2881 Portland, OR— Floyd Whitney. 

Tax Incentives 

Continued from Page 5 

seem to have much to do with it," 
Mclntyre said. 

So what did the companies do with 
all those tax breaks? The same 238 
firms which cut their investments by 
15.5% increased their dividends to 
stockholders by 17% over the three 
years, the study found. It said they also 
used their tax bonanza to buy up other 
companies, partly explaining the re- 
cord-breaking $209 billion in corporate 
acquisitions in the 1981-83 period. In 
addition, they raised executive salaries 
and bonuses. 

The study's authors said: "It's time 
to stop the waste. If the President and 
the Congress held our largest corpora- 
tions to the same standard of account- 
ability they apply to the poorest welfare 
recipient, no amount of corporate lob- 
bying could prevent the repeal of the 
host of 'incentive' loopholes, which, 
based on the overwhelming evidence, 
don't work." 

The study's authors said that restor- 
ing the corporations' tax levels would 
"help strengthen our economy by forc- 
ing our corporations to stop relying on 
lobbyists and loopholes to bolster prof- 
its and, instead, go back to making 
money the old fashioned way — by earn- 
ing it." (PAD 

Write your Congressman to protest tax ineq- 
uities. See "Save Your Benefits," page 4. 

To Build a Better Nation 
Through Better Legislation 

Help cue 

Turn the TricH 


Support Carpenters tegislative Improveinent Committee 





A new and unique hardware item to sim- 
plify newel post installation. 

The Newell Post Fastening Plate makes 
quick work of securing staircase handrails. 
These rails must be securely tied into the 
posts in order to provide a safe grip. How- 
ever, this is a difficult and time consuming 
process using conventional hardware items. 
The Newell Post Fastening Plate's special 
design is easy to use and enables the user 
to quickly secure posts. 

Unlike other plates, this plate can be used 
over any finished floor or steps, such as 
wood, concrete, ceramic tile, etc. 

Michael Bielichi, inventor of this product, 
has been a journeyman carpenter for 2 1 years 
and has installed many newel posts himself. 

The Newell Post Fastening Plate retails 
for $1 1.95, including handling and shipping. 
Distributorships are available. 

For more information or to order write: 
Fastener Unlimited, 26283 Olinda Trail, 
Lindstrom, Minn. 55045. 


Chevrolet 21 

Clifton Enterprises 25 

Estwing Mfg. Co 27 

Foley-Belsaw 31 

Full Length Roofer 39 

Irwin Co 39 

R & B Northcoast Ent. ...11 
Vaughan & Bushnell 24 

A-Matte FormGuard is a moderate reuse 
medium density overlaid plywood concrete 
form panel which provides a smooth matte 
finish and is suitable for use where coated 
or painted concrete is required or for archi- 
tectural concrete with a moderate number 
of pours. 

New strength data about this product is 
now available on a recently revised Simpson 
Timber Company literature sheet. The data 
shows that higher strength is available now 
in Vi" A-Matte panels with 7 plies of all 
Douglas fir. 

The literature sheet provides a complete 
description of the product and its benefits 
along with load span tables and information 
on care and handling of the panels. The two- 
color sheet is punched for insertion in a 

UBC members are employed at Simpson 
Timber Co. plants in Albany, Ore., Vancou- 
ver, Wash., and McCleary. Wash. 

For more information about A-Matte 
FormGuard or a copy of the literature sheet 
contact Simpson Panel Products Division. 
Send inquiries to: Simpson Panel Products 
Marketing, Third and Franklin, Shelton, 
Wash. 98584. 


In recognition of its 100th Anniversary 
year in 1985, The Irwin Company has intro- 
duced what it calls "the greatest auger bit 
advance in 100 years." 

The new I-IOO Dual-Auger Wood Bit fea- 
tures a dual-purpose shank to allow use in 
both hand braces and '/«" or larger electric 
drills. Its unique, faster, cleaner boring abil- 
ity comes in part from its single cutter and 
spur design, and specially designed screw 
point. Also, a perfectly true concentric twist 
assures a smooth, continuous flow of chips 
through all types of hardwoods with no run- 
out or wobble. 

The I-IOO is precision ground from a spe- 
cial-alloy, high quality tool steel, and heat 
treated full length. It is available in 13 sizes 
from '/j" through I", and features 8-'/;" overall 
length with a boring depth of 6". 

For further information, contact: Product 
Manager, The Irwin Company, 92 Grant 
Street, Wilmington, Ohio 45177, Telephone 
(513) 382-3811. 

POWER T/X|3fE!3 

mb^jUre up 


Wilmington, Oiib 451 77 
T^ephorte: 513(382-381 1 • T^lex: ; 

Full Length Roof Framer 

The roof framer companion since 
1917. Over 500,000 copies sold. 

A pocket size book with the EN- 
TIRE length of Common-Hip-Valley 
and Jack rafters completely worked 
out for you. The flattest pitch is V2 
inch rise to 12 inch run. Pitches in- 
crease % inch rise each time until 
the steep pitch of 24" rise to 12" 
run is reached. 

There are 2400 widths of build- 
ings for each pitch. The smallest 
width is Vi inch and they increase 
Vi" each time until they cover a 50 
foot building. 

There are 2400 Commons and 2400 
Hip, Valley & Jack lengths for each 
pitch. 230,400 rafter lengths for 48 

A hip roof is 48'-9'A" wide. Pitch 
is IV2" rise to 12" run. You can pick 
out the length of Commons, Hips and 
Jacks and the Cuts in ONE MINUTE. 
Let us prove it, or return your money. 

In the U.S.A. send $6.00. California resi- 
dents add 360 tax. 

We also have a very fine Stair book 
9" X 12". It sells for $4.00. California 
residents add 240 tax. 


P. 0. Box 405, Palo Alto, Cslif. 94.'50S 

MAY, 1985 


It's A Simple Fact: 

Labor Is People, 

People Helping 


At their best, labor unions 

liave been a primary agent 

for democracy and freedom 

There are a lot of wrong ideas about organized 
labor making the rounds in North America today. 
Many of these false ideas and images have been 
around for more than a century, and they stiU 
persist in one form or another today. 

You can hear them described on Capitol Hill 
in Washington when the National Right to Work 
Committee and various anti-union representa- 
tives testify before Congressional committees. 
They appear in overblown phrases whenever 
management calls in a union-busting consultant 
to do its dirty work. 

There have been a few attempts to portray 
union members and union leaders fairly in tele- 
vision dramas, but these instances have been 
brief and in many cases unreal and unfair. It's 
hard to change public conceptions, and the 
general public often only knows what it reads 
in the newspapers or sees on television. These 
are some of the false images which persist: 

"Management knows what's best for you." — 

This statement, is one form or another, is about 
as old as time itself. It's followed by such 
statements as , " We 're all one big happy family . ' ' 

Often the boss who tells you that means, "I'm 
the father. You're the child. Father knows best." 

That's often why unions are formed: Because 
the boss doesn't always know best. There was 
a time — more so than today — when the employer 
was one of the few educated persons in a plant. 
He may have come out of college with an 
engineering or architectural degree, and he knew 
more about the basic principles of construction 
or manufacturing. Or he or she may have been 
the child of a wealthy industrial tycoon, and 
father left the company to his children, and these 
children grew up in the business and had special 
training in the financial world. 

This is changing. I see plenty of young college 
graduates going into the building and construc- 
tion trades today, and I find others in the ranks 

ofour industrial unions. The boss, today, doesn't 
have a monopoly on brain power. 

Our union and most unions today have knowl- 
edgeable experts of their own. They had to bring 
in specialists to counter the union-busting efforts 
of some employers. Unions today have to have 
attorneys to defend workers' rights in the courts 
and before government agencies. We have to 
have health and safety personnel to protect our 
members against bad working conditions. We 
need statisticians and economists to deal with 
the "bread and butter" issues spelled out in our 

"I like unions, but I don't like strikes." — 

Union members don't like strikes either. If 
you've been in a union as long as I have, you 
know that a strike is absolutely the last resort 
in trying to overcome injustice. 

The general public reads about strikes, be- 
cause strikes are dramatic and strikes are news. 
People, for some reason, watch picketers con- 
fronting strikebreakers, and many of them au- 
tomatically figure that the union is wrong and is 
causing the trouble. . . . And yet less than one 
percent of workdays in this country are lost 
because of work stoppages. 

Workers vote to cut off their income only 
when they have no alternative. U.S. and Ca- 
nadian workers place the power to call strikes 
in the hands of their members through demo- 
cratic procedures which insure that work stop- 
pages are matters of last resort. 

But we must always remember that the right 
to strike is essential in a democracy. That's why 
in totalitarian countries the first act of a dictator 
is to forbid the right to strike. North American 
labor protects the right to strike, but it wisely 
uses the right sparingly and cautiously. 

"Labor is a monopoly. It wants a closed shop." — 

North American unions bargain with manage- 
ment for "union shop" agreements, or "closed 
shop" agreements under which only union mem- 
bers can be hired or workers can be hired with 
the understanding that after a brief period of 
time they will join the union. This is not a 
"monopoly" agreement. This is because all 
workers in a work crew should share in the 
benefits. There should be no "free riders." 
Oldtime labor union members can recall when 
employers planted stool pigeons, company men 
or women alongside union members to either 
try to disrupt the union or spy on its activities. 
Unenlightened management sometimes seeks 
the "open shop." And what's the "open shop"? 
Mr. Dooley, a character created by F. Peter 
Dunne, writer of a half century ago, explains: 



"Sure, 'tis a shop where they kape th' door 
open t' accomodate th' consthant stream of min 
comin' in t' take jobs cheaper thin th' min what 
has the jobs." 

"Labor has no business in politics." — That's 
one of the most incomprehensible ideas about 
labor around today. Labor is people, citizens, 
voters, consumers. It is only a special interest 
in that it is made up predominantly of wage 
earners, and as such, it is the mass of the 
population in the country. Labor is interested 
in public education, in fair taxation, in a good 
environment for working and hving, in all of the 
basic needs of society. 

No good cause has remained unsupported by 
unions, whether it be safety and health in the 
workplace, the elimination of slums, the elimi- 
nation of sweat shops, or the achievement of 
minimum wages. 

Fair-minded legislators and public officials 
recognize unions as spokespersons for a broad 
cross section of society, and they seek their 

The late Senator Paul Douglas of Illinois once 
said, "Our opponents often try to suggest that 
there is something unworthy about labor sup- 
port. Corporation presidents running $100-a- 
plate dinners for the support of their candidates 
are the height of respectability in their eyes. But 
the working men and women who give their 
dimes and dollars through the political education 
committees and the candidates who receive their 
help are constantly blackened by propaganda. 

"Let me say this quite clearly for myself. I 
am proud to have the support of working men 
and women and of the organizations they have 
set up to improve working conditions and com- 
munity life. 

"It is high time our opponents grew up and 
learned that labor is people — just like everyone 
else. They serve in the country's armed forces, 
pay taxes, help in the building of private business 
and community institutions, have the same per- 
sonal and family problems and share the hopes 
and dreams of a better tomorrow just like every- 
one else. And in my opinion they should not be 
downgraded just because they try to do some- 
thing about it." 

"Labor is a bunch of radicals, rabblerousers, 
and commies." — Sure, your letter carrier, your 
airline pilot, your screen actor, your carpenter, 
your office employee, who all carry union mem- 
bership cards. . . . They're all plotting against 
the estabhshment. It's ridiculous. It goes back 
to the early days of the nation, when there was 
little or no middle class, when there were yellow 
dog contracts and blacklists. 

If anything, unions are the very foundation of 
freedom in a democracy. It is the Solidarity 
union which is fighting for freedom in Poland. 
It is the grassroot unions of Latin America which 
rally the people to overthrow the totalitarians, 
the communists, and the dictators in those suf- 
fering nations. 

Many Americans don't know this, but it was 
a group of union members — they were called 
guild members in those days — who dumped the 
British tea into Boston Harbor more than two 
centuries ago and helped to spark the American 
revolution. And the White House knows today 
that it will be trade unionists on our waterfronts 
who will be the first to demonstrate against 
Soviet injustices overseas. 

The North American labor force is growing, 
and the responsibility of unions to give voice to 
the needs of workers is unceasing. The labor 
movement has the capacity to continue the 
never-ending process of renewal and regenera- 
tion that has enabled and will enable unions to 
remain the authentic voice of workers and their 
chosen vehicle for expressing their will. 

Patrick J. Campbell 
General President 

Address Correction Requested 

"My house, itiy house, though tKou art small ..." 

George I lerberr 

June 1985 

United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners 


; The Radical RighVs 
^^i Anti-Labor Agenda 


The Growing Threat 
of Double-Breasted 





101 Constitution Ave., N.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Patrick J. Campbell 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20001 


Sigurd Lucassen 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Anthony Ochocki 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


John S. Rogers 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


Wayne Pierce 

101 Constitution Ave., N.W. 

Washington, D.C. 20001 


William Sidell 
William Konyha 


First District, Joseph F. Lia 
120 North Main Street 
New City, New York 10956 

Second District, George M. Walish 

101 S. Newtown St. Road 

Newtown Square, Pennsylvania 19073 

Third District, John Pruitt 
504 E. Monroe Street #402 
Springfield, niinois 62701 

Fourth District, E. Jimmy Jones 

Sixth District, Dean Sooter 
400 Main Street #203 
RoUa, Missouri 65401 

Seventh District, H. Paul Johnson 
Gramark Plaza 

12300 S.E. Mallard Way #240 
Milwaukie, Oregon 97222 

Eighth District, M. B. Bryant 
5330-F Power Inn Road 
Sacramento, California 95820 

Ninth District, John Carruthers 
5799 Yonge Street #807 
Willowdale, Ontario M2M 3V3 

Tenth District, Ronald J. Dancer 
1235 40th Avenue, N.W. 
Calgary, Alberta, T2K 0G3 

Patrick J. Campbell, Chairman 
John S. Rogers, Secretary 

Correspondence for the General Executive Board 
should be sent to the General Secretary. 

Secretaries, Please Note 

In processing complaints about 
magazine delivery, the only names 
which the financial secretary needs to 
send in are the names of members 
who are NOT receiving the magazine. 

In sending In the names of mem- 
bers who are not getting the maga- 
zine, the address forms mailed out 
with each monthly bill should be 
used. When a member clears out of 
one local union into another, his 
name is automatically dropped from 
the mailing list of the local union he 
cleared out of. Therefore, the secre- 
tary of the union into which he cleared 
should forward his name to the Gen- 
eral Secretary so that this member 
can again be added to the mailing list. 

Members who die or are suspended 
are automatically dropped from the 
mailing list of The Carpenter. 


NOTE: Filling out this coupon and mailing it to the CARPENTER only cor- 
rects your mailing address for the magazine. It does not advise your own 
local union of your address change. You must also notify your local union 
... by some other method. 

This coupon should be mailed to THE CARPENTER, 
101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20001 


Local No. 

Number of your Local Union must 
be ?iven. Otherwise, no action can 
be taken on your changre of address. 

Social Security or (in Canada) Social Insurance No. 



State or Province 

ZIP Code 

ISSN 0008-6843 

VOLUME 105 No. 6 JUNE. 1985 


John S. Rogers, Editor 



The Radical Right's Anti-Labor Agenda 2 

Double-Breasting Tops Agenda for Building Trades Calvin Zon 5 

UBC's Position Regarding Double-Breasting 7 

L-P Strikers at Shareholders Meeting 9 

Jimmy Jones Named to Executive Board 11 

Missing Children 11 

Formaldahyde Glues More than Irritating 17 

Safety Up the Chimney Stack 19 

Some Things You Need to Build a House A Puzzle 36 


The silent beauty of these Atlantic 
breakers masks the treasures that lie 
beneath their surface. Deep in the ocean 
leagues are the mysteries and marvels of 
marine life and the bounty of pirates and 
shipwrecks resting below the reefs. In 
addition to the treasures in its depths, 
the ocean provides for us in many ways 
including transportation, recreation, and 
food. It can also provide the photography 
buffs among us with splendid opportu- 

The seascape on our cover was pho- 
tographed by a 46-year old member of 
Local 257, New York, N.Y., Raymond 
McDermott. McDermott. a 28-year UBC 
carpenter, is a resident of Massapequa, 
Long Island. He entered this photo in a 
calendar contest sponsored by the Long 
Island Savings Bank and was one of 12 
winners of $100 gift certificates. The 
photo was featured in the Bank's 1985 
calendar on the November page. 

Contest rules required that the entrant 
be an amateur photographer who lived 
on Long Island, and that the entry be 
taken on Long Island. "Silent Breakers" 
was photographed at Jones Beach State 
Park in Nassau County. — Photograph 
courtesy of the Long Island Savings 
Bank, Syosset, N. Y. 


Washington Report 10 

Ottawa Report 12 

Local Union News 13 

French Canadian News 15 

Plane Gossip 20 

Members in the News 22 

Apprenticeship and Training 23 

We Congratulate 26 

Consumer Clipboard: Credit Cards, Credit Bureaus 27 

Retirees' Notebook 29 

Service to the Brotherhood 31 

In Memoriam 37 

What's New? 39 

President's Message Patrick J. Campbell 40 

Published monthly al 3342 Bladensburg Road, Brentwood. Md. 20722 by Ihe Uniled Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. Subscription price: United States and Canada $10.00 per year, single copies $1.00 in 

NOTE: Readers who would like additional 
copies of this cover may obtain them by sending 
500 in coin to cover mailing costs to the Editor, 
The CARPENTER, 101 Constitution Ave., 
N.W., Washington. D.C. 20001. 


The Ormring Threat 
qf DoiMEBrcasted 

Printed in U.S.A. 


They call themselves the New 
Right. They are ultra-conservative 
radicals who complain that Ronald 
Reagan is too liberal. Their spe- 
cialty is below-the-belt politics. They I 
are rich. They despise the Labor \ 
Movement and have no regard for\ 
the rights of workers. Not surpris- 
ingly, their goal is a world without \ 

Paul Weyrich is 
one of the gurus 
of the New Right, 
the collective 
name for the ul- 
umbrella of or- 
ganizations that 
have dramati- 
cally altered 
American poli- 
tics during the 
past decade. 

Weyrich heads 
the Committee 

For the Survival of a Free Congress, 
one of the most radical and aggressive 
of the New Right groups, and he leaves 
no doubt as to his ultimate goal and 
that of his comrades. 

"We are different from traditional 
conservatives," Weyrich says. "We're 
no longer working to preserve the status 
quo. We are radicals working to over- 
come the power structure of this coun- 

Although the term "New Right" was 
first coined as far back as 1962, it was 
not until the mid-1970s that New Right 
politics as we know them began to 
evolve. Over the last decade, that ev- 
olution has been swift and effective. As 
a result, today there is little doubt as 
to the power and influence of the New 
Right and its negative brand of politics. 
And for American workers and the 
American labor movement, there should 
be no doubt as to the dangers associated 
with the New Right's radical blueprint 
for the future. 

The New Right of 1985 is a slick, 
extremely well-financed political oper- 
ation that has been a major force behind 
the anti-labor environment that has en- 
gulfed Washington since Ronald Rea- 
gan's arrival in 1981. 

Any doubts about the depths of the 
New Right's political war chest were 
dispelled with the recent revelation that 
during the past two years, the National 

Conservative Political Action Commit- 
tee (NCPAC) spent a staggering $18.8 
million toward the re-election of Ronald 
Reagan and many of his ultraconser- 
vative allies in the House and Senate. 
Couple that with expenditures of 
$5.2 million by the Fund for a 
Conservative Majority during 
the same period, and the 
extent of the New Right's 
ability to buy its way 
into the Washing- 
ton power struc- 
ture becomes 

We're lean, determined and 
hungry. We believe that we 
will prevail. I\ew Right con- 
servatives believe that we will 
govern America'.' 
-Richard A. Viguerie, 

Publisher ^ 

Conservative Digest 

with ex- 
penditures of 
this magnitude, 
NCPAC can now 
truthfully boast of its 
position as the largest 
political action committee 
in existence, in terms of dol- 
That wasn't the case following the 
1976 elections. The Democrats con- 
trolled the White House. Two-thirds of 
both houses of Congress were solidly 
in the Democrats" corner. The New 
Right and NCPAC were hardly house- 
hold names. In retrospect, that time 
was the calm before the storm. And the 
storm came 
ashore with 
full fury in 

Instead of 
the tradi- 
tional method 
of supporting 
based on their 
record or cre- 
NCPAC de- 
cided to do 
just the op- 
posite. It de- 
cided to target selected members of the 
House and Senate and try to defeat 
them because of their progressive vot- 
ing records and long-time support of 
labor-backed programs. 

The NCPAC strategy was simple — 
accentuate the negative. The results 

A group like ours could lie 
through Its teeth and the 
candidate it helps stays 

-Terry Dolan, Chairman 
Nalional Conservative 
Polilical Action j 

Committee (NCPAC) 

were unfortunately successful. In 1980, 
NCPAC spent some $3.2 million of its 
funds to engineer the defeat of such 
progressive incumbent Senators as John 
Culver (Iowa), Frank Church (Idaho), 
George McGovem (South Dakota), Birch 
Bayh (Indiana), and Gaylord Nelson 

The success of NCPAC's politics by 
innuendo prompted NCPAC chairman 
Terry Dolan to boast "a group like ours 
can lie through its teeth and the can- 
didate it helps stays clean." If 1980 was 
a zenith for NCPAC, it was also an 
equally low point in American political 

Fortunately, there are some indicators 
that seem to suggest that NCPAC's neg- 
ative style of campaigning is turning 
counterproductive in certain situations. 
For example, when NCPAC launched a 
$400,000 advertising blitz against Mary- 
land Senator Paul Sarbanes some 20 
months before the 1982 election, Sar- 
banes suddenly attracted a groundsweO 
of new support and contributions. And 
NCPAC's success rate in the House and 
Senate was decidedly lower in 1982 and 
1984 than in its watershed year of 1980. 
But there is now a belief among New 
Right leaders that, having made their 
mark on national politics, it is time to 
turn an equal amount of their energy 
and resources to state and local political 

"Both Jimmy Carter and Walter 
Mondale started in the state leg- 
islature," NCPAC's Dolan 
notes. "If there had been a 
group like NCPAC in those 
days, we could have 
beaten them before 
they caused us any 

Richard Vi- 
guerie, the 


tive direct- 
mail wizard 
who also pub- 
lishes the Conserva- 
^^^^^^ five Digest, believes 
^^^^^^ that leading conserva- 
^^^^r tives have determined that 
^^W the state and local level "is the 
^r missing piece of the puzzle for 
us." Viguerie estimated that by 
1986, the New Right will have tripled 
its state and local efforts compared to 


Whether the brunt of the attack is at 
the local, state, or federal level, one 
characteristic of the New Right remains 
unchanged — the strong anti-union pos- 
ture that is central to the goals of the 
New Right. 

Organizations such as the National 
Right to Work Committee, Americans 
Against Union Control of Government, 
the American Legislative Exchange 
Council, the Heritage Foundation, the 
National Congressional Club (run by 
Senator Jesse Helms), and the Con- 
servative Caucus are all intent on re- 
ducing union rights and the rights of 
millions of American workers. 

For example, Americans Against 
Union Control of Government is a po- 
litical action committee dedicated solely 
"to reward and encourage state legis- 
lators willing to stand up to union boss 

And the Heritage Foundation, which 
has enormous influence with the Reagan 
Administration, recently prepared a 
second-term blueprint that, not surpris- 
ingly, singles out the labor movement 
as a primary target. 

Among the recommendations sub- 
mitted for "continuing the conservative 
revolution" are proposals that would: 

• Repeal all prevailing wage laws; 

• Amend the Hobbs Act to subject 
union members accused of mis- 
conduct on the picket line to fed- 
eral criminal charges; 

• Weaken wage-hour law protec- 

• Bring the National Labor Relations 
Board under closer political con- 

Part of the Heritage Foundation re- 
port was written by Steven Antosh, 
executive director of the extremely anti- 
union Center on National Labor Policy, 
an organization that has solicited con- 
tributions in the name of combatting 
"ruthless union bosses." 

Ronald Reagan's reign in Washington 
has only served to raise the hopes of 
the members of the New Right. Perhaps 
it is left to Richard Viguerie to appro- 
priately sum up the goals and expec- 
tations of the New Right. 

"We're lean, determined, and hun- 
gry," Viguerie contends. "We believe 
that we will prevail. New Right con- 
servatives believe that we will govern 

It is that attitude, buoyed, and per- 
sonified by Ronald Reagan, that pre- 
sents the American labor movement 
with one its foremost challenges. 

JUNE, 1985 



The New Right's pohtical agenda is blatantly 

anti-union and its ultimate goal is control 

of the U.S. government 

"We are different from tradi- 
tional conservatives. Wefre no 
longer working to preserve 
the status quo. We are radi- 
cals working to overcome tiie 
present power structure of 
the country.' 

-Paul Weyrick, Executive Director 
Committee for the ^ 

Survival of a Free 



and the 

By Representative William H. Gray, II 

2nd District, Pennsylvania 
Chairman, House Budget Committee 

Hailing from Philadelphia, Gray is a columnist, profes- 
sor, and ordained minister. He is also a member of the 
Appropriations Committee and ex officio member of the 
House Democratic Steering and Policy Committee, 

In America today, we are all aware 
of the need to control the national 
deficit. The federal government is en- 
gulfed in an ocean of red ink. This 
administration will overspend itself by 
almost $225 billion unless we do some- 
thing about it — and soon. 

This deficit is keeping interest rates 
high, and sidetracking our economy 
from the road to recovery. As long as 
interest rates remain high, building and 
construction in our nation will slow to 
a standstill. 

Many Americans are unaware of what 
it costs to finance the national debt. We 
pay $140 billion a year in interest pay- 
ments alone. This is an obligation which 
must be met. 

These interest payments do not build 
sewage plants. These interest payments 
do not educate children or provide school 
lunches. These interest payments do 
not repair bridges or improve harbors. 
It's just wasteful spending, resulting 
from our inability to balance the books. 

What does this mean to the average 
American? Does this have an impact 
on you and me? Yes, it does. It affects 
every single one of us. Jobs in the 
building and construction trades will 
decline — valuable jobs lost, and more 
Americans out of work. This means 
less tax dollars, and an even higher 
deficit. Housing costs will remain high, 
and the American dream of "owning 
your own home" will become a dream 
of the past, as it already has for many 

How can we control the deficit, and 

control the future of our nation? How 
can we get the spending of our govern- 
ment into the black again? Obviously, 
cuts must be made. There w«.j; be cuts, 
and we must reduce the deficit. I think 
we all agree on this need. However, 
the real question is, where will these 
cuts be made? And who will bear the 
burden of the cuts that must be made? 

I believe in fairness for all people. If 
there must be cuts, then these must be 
shared equally, by all citizens, I will 
not — I cannot — support a budget which 
unduly penalizes those Americans who 
are less fortunate. 

When sacrifices are demanded, they 
must be demanded from all Ameri- 
cans — from corporate businessman to 
the elderly couple living on social se- 

Some have proposed that we elimi- 
nate the COLA for Social Security and 
other retired people. But if we are 
asking these people to sacrifice, we 
cannot continue down the road of 
wasteful Pentagon spending. Certainly, 
we shouldn't have to pay $700 for a 
toilet seat, $1,500 for an ordinary ham- 
mer, or $4,000 for a coffee-maker. We 
need a much more rigorous accounting 
of what is being spent in the name of 
national defense. 

As I have looked through the pro- 
posals for the President's 1986 budget, 
I cannot call them fair. The President's 
budget proposal lacks common sense. 
Is it fair to cut back the rural housing 
program by a half a billion dollars, while 
raising the military construction and 

family housing program by twice that 
amount? Is it fair to practically elimi- 
nate the housing program for the elderly 
and handicapped citizens of our nation? 
Is it fair to cut back the HUD subsidized 
housing program by $6 billion? 

I don't think so. Who is making the 
sacrifice? Who would bear the burden 
of this huge national deficit, which we 
should all share? It is the less fortunate 
Americans, who will find themselves 
out in the cold if these housing programs 
are cut. 

And, if these programs are cut, and 
these housing and building projects are 
cancelled, what will that mean for those 
who work in the building and construc- 
tion trades? They will surely be bearing 
a huge burden, as their jobs disappear. 
And as their jobs disappear, and we 
have more people out of work, our 
economy will stagnate. 

Our priorities must be cost-effective. 
This administration proposes to cut over 
$13 billion dollars out of major con- 
struction programs, including low in- 
come housing, rural housing, and hous- 
ing for the elderly and handicapped. 
I'm not saying that some savings can't 
be found — but this kind of meat-ax 
approach will in the long run be less 
cost effective than what wQl be achieved 
in the short run. 

As we strive to achieve a more bal- 
anced budget, many difficult decisions 
must be made. Many sacrifices will be 
required of the American people. Let 
us work to insure that these sacrifices 
are shared equally and fairly by all. 


The legislative issues facing U.S. Building 
and Construction Tradesmen were clearly de- 
fined as the presidents of the 16 affiliated 
unions assembled on the platform, left, to 
Uckoffthe J 985 lobbying effort. Below. BCTD 
President Robert Georgine talks with Cong. 
William H. Gray III. chairman of the Budget 
Committee of the House of Representatives. 

'Double-Breasting' Tops Agenda 
At Building Trades Conference 

By Calvin G. Zon 

PAI Staff Writer 

A bill to end the growing problem of 
"double-breasted" operations in the 
construction industry headed the list of 
priorities at this year's building trades 
legislative conference. 

Building and Construction Trades 
Department President Robert A. Geor- 
gine told the 3,000 conference delegates 
that double-breasting — the practice of 
a union firm setting up a separate non- 
union operation to avoid its collective 
bargaining obligations — "is costing our 
members thousands ofjobs." He called 
it a "scam" by "greedy" employers 
"who seek to reduce wages and work- 
ing conditions." 

Nearly 20% of the nation's top 400 
contractors now have double-breasted 
operations, according to the AFL-CIO 
B&CTD. Hundreds of smaller contrac- 
tors have done likewise. 

Rep. William Clay (D-Mo.) has intro- 
duced a labor-backed bill — The Con- 
struction Industry Security Act of 1985 — 
to end double-breasting. 

Georgine said this year's other two 
legislative priorities are preserving the 
tax-exempt status of such employee 
benefits as health insurance, and per- 
mitting construction workers to deduct 
from their taxable income the cost of 
traveling to distant job sites. 

The building trades chief said, "If a 

UBC Gen. Pres. 
Patrick J. Campbell 
called for support 
of the Building 
Trades campaign to 
raise $7 million dol- 
lars to develop a 
cure for diabetes. 

tax on benefits made it virtually impos- 
sible to negotiate for employer-paid 
insurance, who would provide the med- 
ical care our members need?" He called 
the proposal a thinly disguised, "back- 
door" tax increase. 

The federal deficit must be reduced, 
Georgine said, but not by "sticking a 
full load on the backs of working men 
and women." He said Congress should 
"increase taxes openly and directly as 
part of a courageous bipartisan ap- 
proach that restores equity to the tax 

"The people who don't like unions, 
never have liked unions and will do 
anything in their power to destroy or- 
ganized labor. They are the very people 
who are going to use the deficit to justify 
whatever is needed to accomplish their 
goals, to do away with all the protec- 

tions we have, like the Davis-Bacon 
prevailing wage standard," Georgine 

He said the huge deficit is a prime 
cause of "continued high interest rates 
that threaten to go even higher and 
inflict more harm on the construction 
industry." He said the economy is "a 
fragile egg which could crumble." 

"Labor-management relations to- 
day," Georgine said, "are worse than 
the jungle that existed before the Na- 
tional Labor Relations Act was enacted. 
Worse because we've got our hands 
tied behind us. We're in handcuffs while 
the large corporations keep punching 
away at us like we were a heavy bag 
in a gymnasium." 

Referring to federal labor law\ Geor- 
gine noted that the past B&CTD con- 
vention adopted a resolution that said 

JUNE, 1985 

"if we could not get the NLR.A. to be 
administered as Congress intended, then 
we should call for its repeal." 

Building trades unions, said Geor- 
gine. must step up their efforts to or- 
ganize as well as "organizing the or- 
ganized into a more potent political 
force, into an aggressive lobbying arm" 
from state legislatures to Congress. 

He added, "^^'e must use the tre- 
mendous economic power of our pen- 
sion funds to create new job opportu- 

AFL-CIO President Lane Kirkland 
told the delegates that President Reagan 
and his congressional allies "are using 
the deficit for aU its worth as the o\ er- 
riding excuse for broken promises, for 
the completion of the demolition of 
constructive programs, and the final 
burial of the idea of democratic gov- 
ernment as a vital resource in the de- 
velopment of a just and decent soci- 

"Republicans in Congress." Kirk- 
land continued, "admit the President 
won't let them even think about re- 
storing any of the tax obligations of the 
rich. Yet they ha%e no compunctions 
about taking money away from the 
people whose Social Security benefits 
the President explicitly promised to 

"In the same way." he said, "the 
promise of no new taxes does not ex- 
tend to the taxes that working people 
pay." referring to proposals to tax job- 
related health and life insurance, child 
care, legal aid as well as unemplo\ ment 
benefits and worker compensation. 

Kirkland told applauding delegates. 
"This is an Administration that needs 
to be told by the courts and the Con- 
gress that the National Labor Relations 
Act. the Occupational Safety and Health 
Act, and the Fair Labor Standards Act 

One of the largest contingents attending 
the 1985 Building Trades Legislative Con- 
ference was the delegates from the United 
Brotherhood, 410 strong. They assembled 
at a Washington hotel for lunch, at top of 
page, to hear a few words from General 
President Campbell, a call for lobbying 
action from General Treasurer Wayne 
Pierce, and to witness the swearing in of 
E. Jimmy Jones as a new GEB member. 
(See Page 8.) General President Emeritus 
William Sidell and members of the VBC 
General Executive Board, shown in the 
lower picture, were in attendance. 

were adopted to protect the lives and 
jobs and earnings of working people, 
not to whitewash employers who vio- 
late them." 

The federation chief said. "American 
craftsmen and production workers are 
the best in the world. But they can't 
beat foreign competition as long as their 
own government and their own em- 
ployers are stacking the cards by ex- 
porting their jobs and importing all the 
things they used to make." 

Other speakers at the three-day con- 
ference included Senators Bob Pack- 
wood (R-Ore.l. Robert Dole (R-Kan.). 
Christopher Dodd (D-Corm.). and Al- 
fonse D'Amato (R-N.Y.): Reps. Wil- 
liam Gray (D-Pa.). Fortne\' Stark (D- 
Calif.. and William Clay (D-Mo): Trans- 
portation Secretan.' Elizabeth Dole: and 
Michiaan Gov. James Blanchard. 

77 Congressmen Say: 
Stop Double-Breasting 

Support for the "Construction Indus- 
tn. Contract Security .Act" (H.R. 281 1 
is growing by leaps and bounds. Sev- 
enty-seven congressmen have now be- 
come co-sponsors of the bill. 

This level of support is a direct result 
of building tradesmen contacting their 
legislators and urging them to speak out 
for workers" right. 

Introduced b\ Rep. William L. Clay, 
(D-Mo.) H.R. 281 would stop unscru- 
pulous contractors from engaging in the 
devious practice of double-breasting. 

Carpenter takes special note of those 
congressmen who have become co- 
sponsors as of April 19. The are. by 
state: .Alabama: Tom Bevil (Dl: Califor- 
nia: Jim Bates (Di. Howard Herman 
(D). Barbara Boxer (D). George E. 
Brown Jr. (D). Sala Burton (Dl, Tony 
Coelho (D). Ronald DeUums (D). JuUan 
DLxon (D). Don Edwards (Di. Augustus 
Hawkins (D). Matthew Martinez (D), 
Robert Matsui (D). George Miller (D). 
Esteban Torres (Di. 

Colorado: Pat Schroeder iD): District 
of Columbia: Waher Fauntroy (Di: 
Florida: Dante Fascell iDi. WilHam 
Lehman iDi. Claude Pepper (Di; DU- 
nois: Frank Annunzio (Di. Cardiss Col- 
lins (D). Richard Durbin (Di. Lane Ev- 
ans (Dl, Kenneth Gray (D). Charles 
Hayes (D). William Lipinski (Dl. Gus 
Savage (Dl. 

Indiana: Andrew Jacobs (Dl: Kentucky: 
Carroll Hubbard (Di: Maryland: Steny 
Hover (Di. Parren Mitchell iDi: .Massa- 
chusetts: Edward Boland (Di. Nicholas 
Mavroules (Di: Michigan: David Bonior 
(Dl. Bob Can- (Di. John Conyers iDl. 
George Crockett (Dl Dale Kildee (D). 
Wilham D. Ford iDi. Dennis Hertel 

Minnesota: James Oberstar (Dl. Mar- 
tin Sabo (D). Bruce Vento (Dl: Mis- 
Continued on Page 30 


A contractor by any other name 

The United Brotherhood's Position 
Regarding Double-Breasting 
In The Construction Industry 

This is the United Brotherhood's position regarding 
H.R. 281: Construction Industry Contract Security Act," 
which has been introduced by Congressman WiUiam Clay 

Objectives of the Bill 

This BUI is designed to curtail the abUity of employers 
to evade their union contract obligations through ""double 

It would also make pre-hire agreements binding in the 
construction industry. 

How the Bill Would Accomplish These Goals 

1. H. R. 281 would amend the definition of ""Employer" 
under Section 2(2) of the NLRA to make it clear that any 
two or more firms performing the same type of work, in 
the same area, will be considered a ""single employer'" if 
they are related directly or indirectly through common 
ownership, management, or control. The Bill would also 
amend the NLRA definition of collective bargaining under 
Section 8(d) to make it clear that when two or more related 
firms constitute a "single employer,'" the Union contract 
signed by one of the firms must be applied to the other 
related firms in the same area. The result of these two 
changes in the NLRA would be to prevent employers from 
evading their contracts by setting up a nominally separate 
company with a separate bargaining unit. 

2. H. R. 281 would amend Section 8(f) of the NLRA to 
provide that a lawful pre-hire agreement in the construction 
industry wUl be as binding as an agreement reached with 
a majority representative. At the same time, H. R. 281 
would provide that an employer may not repudiate a Section 
8(f) pre-hire contract with a union unless the Board certifies, 
after a secret ballot election, that a majority of employees 
have selected a different labor organi- 
zation or have voted not to be repre- 
sented by a labor organization. These 
amendments would rectify the current 
situation in which a construction firm 
can repudiate a pre-hire contract after 
taking advantage of its benefits: and 
instead of placing the burden on the 
union to prove its majority support, the 
Bill would make pre-hire contracts 
binding until a democratic election con- 
clusively shows that the union has lost 
the support of a majority of employees. / 

The Reasons For This Bill 

This legislation is needed to ensure 
the stability of collective bargaining in 
the construction industry. Congress has 

previously recognized that the NLRA 

representation proceedings designed for industrial work- 
places are not adequate to vindicate the rights of construc- 
tion workers, and for that reason Congress passed special 
construction industry legislation in 1959. including Section 
8(f). In practice however, the intent of these construction 
industry provisions has been frustrated by legal technical- 

At present, because of NLRB doctrine and the rulings 
of federal courts, construction industry' employers can use 
the labor laws to defeat their workers" rights to union 
representation and to escape their union contracts even 
after those contracts become legally binding. In particular, 
the NLRB's Hidgon doctrine holds that pre-hire construc- 
tion contracts are voidable at the company's will, unless 
the union can prove that it has the support of a majority 
of the employees: and the NLRB requires proof of a 
majority on a jobsite-by-jobsite basis unless the union can 
establish that the emploser has a stable workfoce. Fur- 
thermore, even if a union overcomes these obstacles and 
manages to bind a signatory contractor to its agreement, 
the NLRB's Peter Kiewit doctrine gives companies a 
blueprint for escaping their contracts b\' simply setting up 
a non-union firm under a different name. 

The provisions of H. R. 281. if enacted, would represent 
a major step toward restoring the collective bargaining and 
representation rights of construction workers. H. R. 281 
will not be a burden to the fair contractor who deals in 
good faith and honors his commitments. What it will do is 
close certain loopholes in the NLR.A. and prevent the 
double-breasting devices which have disrupted labor rela- 
tions in our industry. The UBC and its affiliates have 
waged a continuing fight against the double-breasting scam. — 
we urge strong support of the Clay legislation. 

JUNE, 1985 

nfAY 4TH 



Thousands of Brotherhood members 
across the country took part in L-P 
boycott activities on May 4th. the UBC's 
"L-P Boycott Day."" The day marked 
the beginning of intensified boycott ac- 
tivities against L-P wood products and 
lumber dealers retailing these products. 

Reports from participating locals and 
boycott coordinators indicate that ap- 
proximately 600 retail lumber dealers 
selling L-P products were hand-billed 
on "Boycott Day,"" with strong con- 
sumer support noted. In many areas, 
including Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., 
dozens of stores stopped selling L-P 
products due to consumer boycott ac- 
tivity. The number of stores which have 
dropped L-P products as a result of 
strong boycott action is expected to 
climb to over 400 following the week- 
end's activities. 

"It"s great to see the tremendous 
support Brotherhood members are giv- 
ing to their striking brothers and sisters 
by conducting boycott activities." stated 
UBC General President Patrick J. 
Campbell. "L-P thought its fight was 
only with 1,500 striking workers; it now 
realizes its fight is with the entire UBC 

and that fight is taking a heavy toll on 
L-P,"" said Campbell. 

As reported in the May issue of 
Carpenter. L-P earnings for the first 
quarter of 1985 were down 91%. This 
followed a 73% earnings drop in the 
fourth quarter of 1984. Recently re- 
leased figures for the top 30 producers 
in the forest products industry show L- 
P earnings and sales in the first quarter