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Carpenters, Please Take Notice! 

OR the past four years we have advertised the new up-to-date 
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from the fact that HE WRITES SO THAT ANYONE WHO CAN 

Since he has been writing FOR US EXCLUSIVELY and we hav- 
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to the workmen of this and other countries, there has been issued by 
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new works as published by us. So to notify those who are likely to pur- 
chase these new volumes by MR. HODGSON, under the titles of 

Modern Carpentry and Joinery. 

Modern Carpentry, No. 2, Advanced Series. 

Common Sense Stair Building and Handrailing. 

Modern Estimator and Contractors' Guide. 

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Easy Lessons in the Art of Practical Wood Carving, r New 1907 Edition. 

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Concretes, Cements, Mortars, Plasters, Stuccos, 

How to Make and How to Use Them. 

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* Encyclopedia of Carpentry and Building. Nine Large Volume*. 

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* (These last two sets are sold by subscription only) 

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A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, 
Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries 

Entered February 13, 1C33, at Indianapolis, Indiana, as second-class mail matter, under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 

Volume XXVIH-No. 1 INDIANAPOLIS, JANUARY, 1908 One Dollar Per Year 

Established n 1881 Ten Cents a Copy 


Moid Do You Fiabt? 

By Elizabeth M. Fortier 




Did you tackle that trouble that came your way 

With a resolute heart and cheerful ? 
Or hide your face from the light of day 

With a craven soul and fearful? 
O a trouble's a ton, or a trouble's an ounce. 

Or a trouble is what you make it. 
And it isn't the fact that you're hurt that counts, 

But only, how did you take it? 

You are beaten to earth ? Well, well, what 's that ? 

Come up with a smiling face. 
It's nothing against you to fall down flat, 

But to lie there — that's disgrace. 
The harder you 're thrown, why the higher you bounce ; 

Be proud of your blackened eye ! 
It isn't the fact that you're hit that counts, 

It 's how did you fight — and why ? 

And though you be done to death, what then? 

If you battled the best you could, 
If you played your part in the world of men, 

Why, the critics will call it good. 
Death comes with a crawl, or comes with a pounce, 

. And whether he 's slow or spry, 
It isn't the fact that you're dead that counts, 

But only, how did you die? 

elbr (Uaryrntrr 

Robert Burton Bn * 

|HE y:<r 1907, 

.•is ii relates to organ- 
ized labor, has 

of the mosl p 
able in Industrial his 
tory. Some of its 
will be hung in 
iiiTv of time as 
picturing in v i \ i d 
color and great realitj 
• be fight of wage ■ > 
ers for the liberty of expret sed thoi 
die speech and industrial action with the 
right to wages and hour ii at to' free 

life from :i close cutting of the cloth in 
hand and the tyranny of grasping capital 
utilized by op] mployers. Some of 

the developments arc varied and valuable 
ugh to lay away in the closel where wi 
treasure important things of probable need 
and reference. These closets are in every 
household, and perhaps a little plain tails 
among ourselves may nol only find the retro 
specti esting but valuable to organ- 

ized i:i1 " r ^ houshold. 

Mrs. o isi K told her husband Christmas 

morning she had some beautiful lectures, 

under dear old Kris Kingle's great coat, 

which portrayed a few wonderful scenes of 

ing year. 

"What are von going to do with them,j 
dear?" anxiously inquired Mr. Wisely. 

■ ■ Keep them,' ' sighed I hi h il e, "for 
they may I :i t cresting. " 

"Bj Jingo!" shouted Mr. Wisely over 
his good luck. "Next week I shall present 
you with some resolutions that will be real- 
ly iiri". 

"I hope you will keep them," placidly 
returned Mrs. Wisely, advisedly but hope- 

Turn the scroll. 

ousebold of organized labor owes. 
no rent, faces no ejectment, has money to 
pay all outstanding debts, effect and com- 
plete any needed or possible repairs and 
enough to fight its foes, help its friends 
and ' :md purposes until 

they cover the entire land, to all of which' 
it adds its millions of members, all with 

« illing hearts and n adj hand - to maki I bo 
cture still foi all know thai in 

thai Btrength centers endurance and 

The "old man" has d doubtless all 

i Id to keep oul ti c Crowns and Pi at 

and admit the sun- him and n iles of pass- 

rents, and certainly I ighl to be en- 

'aged by "reallj fine" resolutions thai 

should be faithfully kept preamble, body 

1 enacting clause intact, that when 1909 

is upon ii" 1 jeene in I he century nothing 

will be regretted or looked back to as an 

idle drafting of an indifferent mind. 

That "old man is I rnion Labor. 

hike many another household, it is not 
clear of foes h ithin and without ; both ei I 

its valuable olliees and both batter, in un- 
seen and unexpected moments, the walls Sj 
the grand old building which is truly and 
nobly the property of struggling humanity,. 
Continuing the figurative language, "rats" 
have had hard time to subsist upon their 
stealings from its granaries of worth and 
honor, as have had the "ulcers" to obtain 

its salve of profit and progression, and yd 
the year's closing finds both skulking some- 
where about its premises. Each is an affile-. 
tion upon the industrial world, but SO elose'- 
ly docs organized labor keep its watchful 
eye upon them that, they are prevented 
from becoming Iepadites and lepers upon 
the solid body. They are not, however, the 
only foes that have moved against clean, 
honest and honorable labor. Our charming 
simile — the ' ' old man ' ' — is so dear to the 
fair, square workingman that he is looked 
upon as what he is. a faithful old frieml 
and father entitled to and should have that : 
aid and assistance which will make him feel" 
his efforts in fighting foes without and foes 
within shall not go unrewarded. 

There are a few of the latter so imbued 
with petty malice, hate, revenge and stub- 
bornness that they will not consider that 
harmony, loyalty and surjport not only bring' 
peace and rity but are requisite to 

triumphs over any and every enemy whether, 
within or without the household. Solrt*i 
c'arel jhtless and lack the courage 

to appear~in"T;he limelight of loyalty, seem- 


ing not to understand the weakening effect 
of. .their wrongdoing and the assistance it 

renders, to --other opponents. Under the 
moral law*, . the i spirit i of compassion will 
turn them over to gentle admonition as 
mare sinned against by their own weakness 
than, .as^wickedly sinning. Under civil law, 
the lepadites and lepers would find stone 
piles to work off the execretions of their 
polluted selves. Under military law, the 
traitors -would be shot. to. ignominious death 
and who will say the Benedict Arnolds in 
organized, labor should not have their lives 
in it — their membership — taken from them? 
Surely ;the skilled and unskilled working- 
men of. the country certainly realize that 
the • National Association of Manufacturers 
of the United States, and those who trend 
and train with that ignoble body, has de- 
termined to send them, if possible, down to 
the Plutonian domaifis of industrial death 
and torment by forcing them to hover in 
a hovel while they themselves luxuriate in 
palaces. They -are leading all other foes 
engaged in the same diabolical effort, and 
in no other light should they be considered 
than that which will • view them as the 
workingman-s cowardly assassins. 

'They, are pleasing tbtyoir eye jan.d plausi- 
ble to your ear, • but while' "looking at and 
talking to you- they are studying your vul- 
nerable points, the hour and the circum- 
stances to strike an effective blow. If they 
find you alert, watching for and prepared to 
strike back, the pliant tool is called to serve 
their ends. It. is sheer folly to believe they 
have no companions in Wall street, the 
House, Senate or the Capitol of the United 
States, indeed, there is hardly an exception 
— from street to court — that not fear 
and feel their power. View it as you may, 
it is " true as truth itself, ' ' ;that these are, 
nevertheless, allies of the outside foes, and 
if endeavoring to hold the wage earners 
under the lash of low wages, long hours of 
toil, insolent rejection of complaint against 
wrong and injustice, prohibiting, conversa- 
tion, or communication with friend or 'neigh- 
bor: or fellow-workman upon matters of mu- 
tual interest, is not actual "restraint of 
trade" and "conspiracy" against the pub- 
lic weal, it surely is the tyranny of capital; 
and yet they have not crushed out of 
existence the grand old institution called 
Organized Labor. 

• 3 

Sty* (Unvprnizt 

The ' ' old man ' ' knows there is no need 
of a live or still alarm, notwithstanding the 
Association is the most unreasonable, per- 
sistent, relentless and ubiquitous of schem- 
ing, cunning enemies, and that there are 
circumstances when he can and does allure 
some of ' ' the boys ' '—and the girls — of the 
household into by and forbidden paths. 
True, "Dad" may have momentarily "lost 
his head" in some minor instance or mat- 
ter,, but he hasn't done so in exhibiting this 
statute of graft and greed as the tyrant 
that has one foot upon the people and the, 
other on the wage-earners. You know as 
well as ' ' Dad ' ' himself does, that had the 
latter 's judgment and advice been followed 
in many an instance in affairs industrial, 
the frowns and fears would have been ban- 
ished, , the curtains drawn aside and the. 
sunshine and ■ smiles of peace, prosperity 
and progression admitted. , 

You know, too, that but for the leaders 
and commanders of labor's army it would : 
have been routed "horse,, foot and 
dragoons ' ' by the enemy, who would have 
overrun your field with vagrants and idlers 
whose labor and honor they had purchased., 
and so cheaply, at the sacrifice of yours. 
Between j r ou and the generals stands an 
oath of allegiance to the cause demanding 
loyalty to each other, and each has displayed 
that loyalty on many a hard fought field of 
action. Looking over the past, at the pres- 
ent, and into the future, one important fact 
rises to concern all— that- there have de- 
veloped in our household a failure to realize 
the excessive weight of responsibility that 
rests upon the brain and body of those who 
have been given the care and management 
of labor's great industrial structure. 

Union labor is today a more distinctive 
institution in the United States than it is in 
any other country — unless we except 
Australia, where responsibility is lessened 
by civic support and legislative and judicial 
curbing of capital. Here capital meets no 
such resistance, because its money power is 
corruptive. Against such power organized 
labor must terrifically fight, and .the year 
1908 must see its posts increased in num- 
ber and strength. 

The roll of 1907- has been called, and as 
the years have come and gone each has 
heard at its close the answer ' ' Here, ' ' given 
by thousands \hd thousands more voices, 

©hr (Harpnttrr 

and ii" reason appears why L908 should nol 
answer thousands and thousands more 
1907. The inventory is completed, the Bnal 
balance struck and capital stands more des- 
perate, astonished, amazed, and its appre 
henaions over its own existence is fearfully 
rising in its temperature as it Bees the tre 
mendous amount of work done, the gain 
made, and the membership multiplied by 
the unions solidly aided by their rank and 
file. It asserts we have no organization 
based upon sound business principles, moral 
precerpts and no aim or end in view other 
than to cry "more wages and shorter 
hours," to which the record is the answer, 

Presidents, Executive Boards, Secretaries 
and those of the latter who perform double, 
some triple — service, have stood faithfully, 
fearless and constantly under multiplying 
demands. Some have doubtless encountered 
detriments "down the line, " probably found 
lugs in the roadway, feet on the rear wheels 
and heard phots from the bushes, but 
through it all they have lost no ground, men 
or amunition but have an army great, pow- 
erful and intact all along the firing line for 

The cabinet of the President of the 
I'nited States has an advisory but no con- 
senting power. Generally, Labor's Ex- 
ecutive Boards are but one step below in 
authority, their creating Body, which, how- 
ever, makes them co-active with its Presi- 
dent, Secretary and Treasurer. Often the 
Boards, however, find on their official tables 
matters for which there is a proper course — 
this belonging to the President, that to the 
Secretary and much that ought never to be 
sent to headquarters. This carelessness, 
neglect or intention, which ever it happens 
to be, results in imposing upon valuable 
official time and labor. Requiring this prop- 
er course is not installing red tape, but 
simply respecting high-class system, good 
organic law, constitutional requirement and 
wise legislative provision. 

Fair and honorable means and methods 
should always prevail in any and every con- 
cern of life or business. Violation of this 
moral law recently came to our knowledge 
and it shows the conspiracy of the outside 
enemy and the duplicity and weakness of 
the pliable foe inside of organized labor. 
A certain vehicle manufacturer regularly 
employs a young newspaper writer to gra- 

tuitously formulate and write for disgrunt- 
led members complaints against national 

and local officers, the writer tickling the 

variety of the dupe with the assurance that 

''tin miiiunicntion would show scholarly 

ability." The scribe was also connected 
with a monthly paper of the "opulent" 
simp preference, and in his efforts to in- 
crease its circulation among employers, he 
gave to them the assurance that the paper 
was "the ono their employees shoulld, by 
all means, be so placed as to read (it)," 
as "the immense growth of the socialistic 
vote clearly pointed to its necessity.'' It 
was a "bright" idea, but hardly as bright 
as the young man's circular to Socialistic 
Locals and their secretaries who were 
promised that the paper should and would 
be "a fair and impartial medium in which 
Socialism might be freely discussed." The 
pen deems it only necessary to pass indi- 
vidual comment. As for the "scholarly" 
but ' complaining letters, many were filed 
away for "future reference," but most of 
them were given waste-basket Teccptions. 
One letter, however, was received by a Na- 
tional Secretary, who, in his editorial ca- 
pacity, had published the duped writer's 
employer for employing non-union men, and 
an envious labor sheet's envious editor 
turned his fountain pen on the Secretary 
and his office as "high-handed, infamous 
and outrageous." The Secretary-Editor re- 
ferred the letter to the Executive Board, not 
for action but for amusement. Yet the 
Board stood upon its dignity, considered 
itself judge and jury in the case and ap- 
proved all the Secretary had said and done. 

It has happened that we have met this 
Secretary in the high council of labor, 
know bis metal to be of the finest quality, 
his mind stored with erudition, his pen 
caustic but clean, his trophy a union enjoy- 
ing, during his official tenure, scale wages 
and hours and a trebled membership, and 
his life in labor's cause brown and brave 
with more hard work and bitter experience 
in one minute than the small editor of the 
little sheet ever saw in a month of Sundays. 

Though retired from editorial service, ex- 
perience in it has taught our pen that the 
broad-minded, educated editor knows, or 
should know, the difference between impar- 
tial criticism and splenetic censure. The 
former is not necessary to ethical discern- 

ment, but when it contests thought, literary 
construction, selection and management, 
and conception of principle, precept and 
purpose, it is not only legitimate but valu- 
able as a guide to perfection. When, on 
the other hand, censure is narrow, deficient 
and defective in measured ideas and reform, 
or is used as a weapon of personal assault 
and arraingement, it is generally an arm 
that more seriously hurts the assailant than 
the assailed. 

Labor journals, newspaper or magazine 
form, have a special field. The seed they 
select must be chosen with delicate care, 
be not desceptible to peace, order and good 
government, but be free from dissilient 
growths that cannot be checked after gain- 
ing root and form amidst grain that is 
planted to thrive for true, honest labor. 
There are few readers who realize, so clear- 
ly and keenly as does the editor, the niceties 
of this work, but many delight to write him 
long communications reflecting upon the em- 
bodidments of his work and publication, 
others cannot express their thoughts in 
clear, intelligent, terse sentences in either 
easy or graceful style, more because they 
hav neither the faculty nor experience. But 
— assuming the first person — I challenge the 
critics to compare the low, vulgar, harsh 
and untruthful terms of the David M. 
Parrys, J. W. Van Cleaves, C. W. Posts, F. 
"W. Jobs and all others of Capital 's longeries 
with the plain, simple but truthful emana- 
tions from the laboring man and his press. 
Both are forcible — but neither ornate, and 
in the five hundred labor publications that 
come to my desk, few — a remarkable few — 
are blemished with the coil and soot of the 
"wealthy" writers for Capital's literature. 

The trade unionist is not the only reader 
to be entertained by the trade journal. 
Technical articles never weary him; he seeks 
the ideas that develop his trade as does the 
laborer, those which speak of industrial 
progress and prosperity, but both are con- 
cerned in contradicting the assertion of 
Capital that, as a rule, the workingman and 
his family are, educationally, incompetent 
to appear, to intelligent advantage in re- 
fined, intellectual life. There is much in 
this assertion. The home circle finds inter- 
est, not mental entertainment, in matters 
pertaining to what is the source of their 
roof and raiment, their food and fire,, but 

0% Gkrjttttfrr 

these do not educate, there are minds old 
and young to train, to instruct and to enter- 
tain, and none should be slighted or neg- 
lected or expected to be satisfied with what 
satisfies 1 the head of the household. 

Extending a variety of matter to the 
home circle may require some expenditure. 
The toiler's family has no funds to stock 
the evening table with any great supply 
of current miscellanea. Few able profes- 
sional writers find Labor's field sufficiently 
remunerating to give their time and abilities 
to its cause, and voluntaries from the shop, 
the bench, the structure, the street or the 
road are limited to time and circumstances. 
Every union organization is growing, and 
Secretary-Editors find both clerical and ed- 
itorial duties increasing, and the realization 
is upon all that, if effect is lost by economy, 
the latter is, indeed, costly and harrassing to 
rank and file. But, my brother, if the 
Executive Board, or President, or Secretary, 
or Treasurer, or the Supreme Body cannot 
give relief, there are more ways than one 
by which it is possible — pay your dues, 
swell the membership, send in your sub- 
scription — if it is required, push your jour- 
nal among your friends, read or have it 
read at home, comment upon its contents, 
uphold your officers, fight with them the foes 
without and the foes within and — don't 

Jim and Bill. 

Bill Jones was cynical and sad ; 

He thought sincerity was rare ; 
Most people, Bill believed, were bad 

And few were fair. 

He said that cheating was the rule ; 

That nearly everything was fake ; 
That nearly all, both knave and fool, 

Were, on the make. 

Jim Brown was cheerful as the sun : 

He thought the world a lovely place, 
Exhibiting to every one 

A smiling face. 
He thought that every man was fair ; 

He had no cause to sob or sigh ; 
He said that everything was square 

As any die. 

Dear reader, would you rather be 
Like Jim, not crediting the ill, 

Joyous in your serenity, 
Or right, like Bill? 

— New York Evening Hail. 

Uhr (£arprulrr 

Prank Dufty.) 

'ITHOUT fl .-> ruin g, 

without notice, and 
without tli«' Bligbi 
m or intr 
from the 

•• financial affairs" of 

our country :i IVv: 
weeks ngo were tied 
up so completely that 
ruin stared us in the 
face. Even now. afti r 
the situation has been 
" relieved, we are hut slowly re- 
ring from the shock. Among v 
workers the question has been asked over 
and over :ie;:iin, "What caused this flurry, 
this stringency, this shortage in money n it 
ters, this financial panic?" , And it seemed 
no satisfactory answer could be given. It 
is rather surprising to learn that in a coun- 
try like this such a state of affairs could he 
■ e cannot deny the fact that 
we are only now emerging from a "finan- 
erisis" such as no other nation on the 
of the globe ever experienced before. 
A matter of this kind should receive our 
most careful attention and serious consid- 
eration in all its phases. It cannot be de- 
nied, that this "panic" has had a disastrous 
effect upon the progress and welfare of our 
country. We are feeling it now. I look 
upon it as a "disaster," for I contend that 
anything that blights the prospects of the 
people and leaves ruin, disorder, dissatis- 
faction, discontent and distrust in its wake 
is a "disaster," and one of the worst types 
at that. We have been going along for the 
last ten or twelve years at a fast rate. The 
sole ambition of every one was to make 
money and make it quick, no matter how. 
The weak had to succumb to the strong, 
the cry of the poor and down-trodden went 
unheeded, the demands of organized labor 
were resisted on every side, the unorganized 
were not listened to at all, woman was put 
to work in man's place at starvation wages, 
and the child was forced into slavery that 
colossal fortunes might be made in as short 
a time as possible. . Every device imagin- 
able was resorted to in this "mad race" 

(or wealth. Over-capitalization, watered 
stock, wild-cat speculations, unsafe and uu- 
and unhealthy competi 
tion, coupled with greed, avarice and dis- 
honesty, played an active pari in bringing 
it the present "financial conditions" 
of our country. 

It can not id, however, that trades 

a bad an; thing to do in bringing 

about this state of affairs. On the contrary 
they have been increasing wages wherever 
n henever possible, shortening the hours 
of toil, finding employment for those out 
of work, making better conditions under 
which to work, they have been nursing the 
sick, burying the dead and taking care of 
the widows and orphans left behind. Yes, 
they have been doing a thousand and one 
other things for the uplifting of humanity, 
for the betterment of society and for the 
progress and growth of our country that 
we know nothing of. Their increase in wages 
meant more money in circulation; their 
shorter workday meant a dividing up of 
• the work with those out of employment; 
their efforts meant a bettering of conditions 
gi iserally. If the principles of organized 
labor were followed out we would have no 
panics, no money stringency, no financial 
i . no bad times. 
It is the great combinations and trusts, 
the corporations and banks who mistrust 
one another in their every-day transactions 
that cause the mischief. If these institu- 
tions can jeopardize the interests of our 
country, stop its progress and halt its on- 
ward march at a moment's notice, then 
they should be put out of business alto- 
gether or so reorganized' as to prevent a re- 
currence of the present ' ' financial condi- 
tions ' ' in which we now find our- 

Obedience to a scale agreed upon is not 
curtailing the employer's freedom of con- 
tract with his men. On the contrary, it is 
the absence of such an agreement that will 
intensify unnatural competition and lead to 
tyranny on the one hand and hate- on the 


Oty? (Earpentrc 


(By E. B. Lord.) 

I IRST let me ask the 
reader two questions. 
Are you a voter? If 
you are, do you use 
that vote, as it should 
be used? It is a 
recognized faet by 
men prominent in the 
labor movement, 
that more can be 
gained at the polls 
than at any other 
point in labor's fight, Still good, intelli- 
gent, union men will allow themselves to be 
coaxed into voting for a man who has no 
character, or ability, except that which is I 
made to order for his political uses. His 
agents, on election day hand you a cigar, 
pat you on the back, and tell you what a 
fine fellow Mr. Candidate is, and he gets 
the vote. He spends two or three times 
&£ much to get the office as the. salary 
amounts to. 

Why does he do it? Bead the stories of 
graft and grab, in the daily papers. 
There's your answer. You. say, what's the 

use of voting! Even the men who count 
the votes are dishonest. Very true, but 
keep at it. You can't get a glue joint 
with the first stroke of the plane, neither 
can you institute reform at one election. 
It should be' compulsory for every union 
man to be a naturalized citzen and a voter, 
but I am sorry to say, men who are heart 
and soul in the labor movement, refuse, to 
become citizens, on the ground that "it's 
no use. " It is some use as evidenced by a 
new political party that has been born in 
the last few years and which is now making 
the old standbys sit up and carefully take 
notice ! 

It would be ah utter impossibility to in- 
stitute complete reform at once, but con- 
centrate your efforts, kick a hole in the 
wall of political corruption and follow it 
up with more kicks. But one man in your 
city government or state legislature who 
has a good, healthy, moral courage, who will 
fight with both fists closed tight, and be- 
fore you realize it the hole in the wall will 
be large enough, so you will be able to get 
in and see things as they really are. 


(By Chas. L. Brands.) 

[■ANY are of the opinion 
that union means sim- 
ply a gathering togeth- 
er of persons into one 
body for the purpose of 
paying dues, receive 
mutual recognition, and 
secure a job. While 
this, to a degree, is 
true, it is only the 
skeleton of unionism. 
Besides being bound together, there is a 
soul, animating the machinery of this body, 
inoculating the veins with blood carrying 
with it fraternal feeling and sense of unity 
of common purpose. Inoculating the blood 
not of discord, of petty jealousies, and the 
pestering germ of open dissention, but of 
strong combined effort of body and mind. 
Thus is the body's system nourished by 
strenuous concentration of energy to the at- 
tainment of one common end. 

Opposition must be met with a solid pha- 
lanx of right and justice coupled with ripe 
judgment ; ■ it must be met with perfect 
unanimity. No individual craft should be 
afraid of anothers strength or success, but 
rather should find therein reason for rejoic- 
ing as it means general success. 

A thorough recognition of capital's inter- 
ests and labor's rights and the inseparable 
dependence on each other should be the 
keynote of first, last- and paramount con- 
sideration. The laborer is deserving of his 
hire and the defrauding him of this, is a 
crime crying to heaven for vengence. Re- 
spect for capital and its interest, is a paral- 
lel issue and just as obligatory as due con- 
sideration of laboring welfare. It is just 
as villainous to force a man to grant' de- 
mands beyond justice as to refuse just hire 
to the employee. Unionism has come to 
stay. It is destined to rise or fall, just the 
same as empires rose or fell. It adheres 

iHljr (Uarprttter 

to ill.- vita] principles underlying it* i 

for existence, — the greatest amount of z i 

for the greatest number "i people. 

Mo one will question advantages wrought 
by unionism, it has brought about great 
gains, Bocially, for the working classes. I' 
has >•«-.-■ i the cause of elevating men whose 
ability would otherwise have remained in 
obscurity; brought about greater apprecia 
tion of education; fostered nobler aims and 
ambitions; in fine, created a deep-seated 
yearning for general betterment. A won 
derful awakening was left in its path, in- 
stead of lethargy and silent brood- 

"United we stand, dissevered we fall" 
is just as true today as when first penned. 
Its best intent is only realized when exerted 
for the best interests of employer and em- 

ployee. Work diligently for your employer 
and your work for yourself. Is there such 
a man, brainless and heartless enough, to 
resist just ami honorable demands presented 
iu a just and reasonable cause 1 If so, co- 
ercion is the remedy. Might is not right, 
but right should always be might. Labor 
is deserving of a just proportion of net 
.■innings dispensed in raise of wages. 

'file day when labor universally, unites 
under rules, of I'ipiity, will be hailed with 
satisfaction by any fair-minded employer. 
Then will unionism extend its span of use- 
fulness to each member and society at largo, 
and enthrone itself on merit, on the pedestal 
of undying influence. On the other hand, it 
is only the weak, fearful worker, who will 
permit himself to carry the cross of cap- 
ital's greed. 


(By Henry 

| HE carpenters of New 
York City, able and in- 
dustrious, but far from 
wealthy, are threatened 
with a reduction of a 
half a dollar a day be- 
cause of "scarcity of 
money." Labor every- 
where feels an almost 
irresistable pressure 
toward wage reduc- 
tion upon the stereo- 
typed plea, "scarcity of money." Passing 
the fact that more work ought to be done 
today than there are men to do it, that it 
could be done at present for higher wages 
and at a fair profit to capital, and that 
there is as much money now as there ever 
was, I ask if the plea that wages should 
be reduced because a man 's livelihood is 
cut off or gone, is not a spectacle that 
shames intellect and makes patriotism and 
liberty a mockery? The average employer 
continues his accustomed comforts and is 
neither worried for the present or future. 
The worker is haggard and weak from en- 
forced unsanitary food or home and anxiety, 
and yet when he has a chanee to get his in- 
come back even for a few days he is en- 
treated to work cheaper "because work is 
scarce?" Why not reduce the wages of the 
President, or mayor, economize upon the 
salary of the insurance official and of the 


trust president? Why not cut the per cent. 
of the merchant or manufacturer upon his 
goods or product, and especially make in- 
terest lower because "money is scarcet" 
There is no question about the fact that 
what is just for the man of small income 
must be just for one of a larger income. « 

In times of general depression why does 
capitalism make of itself a shameless spec- 
tacle of imbecility and greed? Why does 
the man who controls a small or a large 
amount of money use it like a sharp sword 
against a defenseless man ; yes, against 
women and children, too? If one says to 
him, "You ought not to do that, but in- 
stead strive to help your fellow citizens, 
the worker, by giving him his usual or 
better wages, you ought to use your money 
to develop and distribute the vast wealth of 
nature which the Almighty intends for all 
alike, ' ' his answer is, as of old, ' ' What 
need have I of him?" 

Who does not know that "hard times" is 
but a hidden battery unmasked, to force 
the worker to choose between starvation 
wages and starvation itself, or to coerce 
a government or to deceive and stampede 
the voters? Employers, bankers, specula- 
tors, political parties, even governments are 
the catspaws in the great game and the 
man who fights for the right for home and 
country and falls where he fights, is the 


The Carpenter 


The United Brotherhood 


Carpenters and Joiners of America 

Published on the 15th of each Month at the 


Indianapolis, Ind. 





Subscription Price. 
One Dollar a Tear In Advance, postpaid. 

Address all letters and money to 


P. O. Box 187 - - - - Indianapolis, Ind. 

many favors shown us by District Coun- 
cils, Local Unions and individual members; 
in sending in articles, reports, etc., for pub- 
lication, we desire to state that occasional' 
credit may sometimes have been over- 
looked, but so generous have writers and' 
correspondents been that the neglect has: 
found no complaint. 

May our members and readers always; 
bear in mind that the columns of The Car- 
penter are an ' ' open forum, ' ' where all 
shades of opinion can be freely aired and 
where the voice of any member or reader 
can enter to discuss any subject bearing 
on the labor question, or to discuss any 
measure or policy regarding our organiza 
tion. We hope that recording secretaries 
especially will continue to favor us with 
occasional reports for publication, in order: 
that we may be able to conscientiously 
carry out Section 35 of our General Con- 


With this issue The Carpenter begins its 
twenty-eighth volume, and with it enters 
another year of service on behalf of organ- 
ized labor and our U. B. in particular. In 
the new year, as in the past, the journal 
will battle for the principles of unionism 
and we shall continue to secure the best 
offerings of able writers who are upholding 
the toilers' just and equitable rights, be- 
lieving that money thus expended receives 
a return of inestimable yalue to labor's 
■ cause. Eeports and articles from presi- 
dents and other officers and members of 
national and local bodies /'as they have ap- 
peared in the journal from time, to time, 
■will also receive our special attention in com- 
ing issues, and as they are absolutely and 
^unquestionably the inner writings of the 
labor world, they should be read carefully 
by our membership. 

Expressing our appreciation for the 

We would call special attention to 'ti&v 
very interesting and copious report of qui 
delegates to the Norfolk convention of 
the A. F. of L., published in this issue. 
It is essentially necessary that our mem- 
bers take due cognizance of each and every 
subject mentioned in the report and dis- 
cussed and acted on by the convention.. 
Each one of them is of the utmost impor- 
tance, and the report should be read care- 
fully and thoroughly discussed by our Lo- 
cal Unions in all its details at their ensu- 
ing meetings. 

A matter which deserves particular at- 
tention, especially on the part of our Dis- 
trict Councils, is the contemplated forma- 
tion of a building trades department by 
all building trade organizations. A call 
for a convention to effect the formation of 
this department is also printed in this is- 
sue. It should also be carefully noted that 
in again dealing with the controversy be- 
tween the Amalgamated Wood Workers- 
and the U .B., the Norfolk convention de- 
cided that the President and Secretary of 
the A. W. W. and the President and Secre- 

uJljr (Earprutrr 

tary of tlio I . B ••! I . and J., together 
with the president ■ •! the \ r of 1. . hold 

nfcronce « ith n v io« i 
plan of amalgamation ii dam with 

the action taken at the Minneapolis eon 
\ .111 ion. 

The estoblishing of a fund by L. 109 
and, as ■■ i and, by some ot her Lo- 
cal Union ' New Y.irk, is a 

timely measure, which speaks well for tho 
spirit of brotherhood prevailing among the 

members of these 1 al Unions. Theii 

ample is certainly worthy of emulation. 
I.. 1". 309 is assessing its members in em- 
ployment -■"> or 50 cents per week, accord- 
ing i" • 'i. 'i i earnings, and from i he pi eeds 

of lliis assessment members out of work 'hir- 
ing the dull seasou (December, January and 
February), which this year is greatly om- 
phasized by the money stringency, arc paid 
an appropriate weekly allowance. 

The out-of-work benefit is a feature 
which some fifteen years or more ago had 
in P. .T. McGuire, the founder of our U. B., 
one Of its most zealous advocates. For 
years he has propounded its great advan- 
tages, and at the Cleveland convention in 
1896 he recommended its adoption by our 
organization. The out-of-work benefit has 
been inaugurated in the International 
1 igarmakers' Union and the German Ty- 
pographical Union many years ago and has 
proved a great boon to their membership. 
The feature is a permanent institution in 
many trade organizations of European 
countries and is recognized by them as the 
most valuable benefit to both the individ- 
ual members and the organizations as a 
whole. Xo other benefit attracts the ma- 
terial interests of the workers and so 
strongly appeals to the members' wives as 
an out-of-work benefit. 

Many of us may doubt the feasibility of 
this feature in our U. B.. claiming that it 
can not be successfully inaugurated nor 
carried out in our trade on account of the 
numerous floaters, who, wc admit, are diffi- 
cult to control; yet where there is a will, 
there is a wav. 

over, i lial i ho telegraph c 

ii,. i won. I n other w 

a few i, • 

m liicli u .oil. I pui them entiri ly oul of busi 
bi The Westoi Union, aftei i egulafly 

paj in 1 1 ...i.irt orly dh idond of I ' i 

pei cent, for i lie lasl i wenty yeai i, waa 

hi the end of the lasl q 'tor unable to 

pin any dividend whatever to its .slum- 
holders, I nsl cad il peddled oul to them 

its watered stock. The 'i ipany'a shares. 

which ni the beginning of the year were 

valued at $85, can now I c I gh1 foi 

The surplus wa also cul to 1 he extent of 
1,600,000 in the last quartei 

"Products cheapened by low wages are 
bad, but men cheapened by degraded compe- 
tition are worse. Labor organizations, 

therefore, instead of being stigmatized ami 
repressed, should he favored, fostered and 
strengthened by legislation, the courts, the 
press and by public opinion.'' — Ex-Senator 

I u gal Is:. 

That the commercial telegraphers in 
their strike, lasting over three months, met 
with defeat can not be denied. The fact 

Twice Equal. 

A new horn babe can knew no rank. 

No lew or high degree. 
No line of caste, no humble state, . 

No aristocracy ; 
Though one be born to luxury. 

Another in a cot, 
N'o pride of station hampers them — 

To them it matters not. 

A brief space In their helplessness 

No difference tbey know, 
The only business either has 

Is just to kick and grow ; 
No matter what the vain world says 

Of riches, race or name. 
God gave them both, of life and death. 

A heritage the same. 

Though one is reared In wealth and power 

And given right to rule. 
The other struggles to exist 

Aud knows no home or school : 
The child of fortune walks the earth 

Midst pride of rank and name 
The child of toil applauded not. 

Known not tbe world's acclaim. 

At set of sun, with life's race run, 

They both lie down to die, 
Once more, as when their life begun, 

In helplessness tbey lie; 
For each a like inheritance 

Of immortality — 
Once more'their's is a common fate, 

. mce more equality. 








General Office 
State Life Building, Indianapolis, Ind. 

General President, 
WM. D. HUBER, P. 0. Box 187, Indianapolis 

General Secretary, 
FRANK DUFFY, P. 0. Box 187, Indianapolis 

General Treasurer 
THOMAS NEALB, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

First Vice-President 
T. M. GUERIN, 290 Second Ave., Troy, N. Y. 

Second Vice-President 

ARTHUR A. QUINN, Ball Block, Brighton 

Avenue, Perth Amboy, N. Y. 

General Executive Board 

WM. G. SCHARDT, Chairman, 503 Cambridge 

Bldg., Chicago, 111. 

ROBT. E. L. CONNOLLY, Secretary, Box 55, 
Birmingham, Ala. 

P. C. FOLEY, 1032 Fifth St., Edmonton, Al- 
berta, Canada. 

P. H. MCCARTHY, 10 Turk St., San Francisco, 

D. A. POST, 416 South Main Street, Wllkes- 
Barre, Pa. 

A. M. WATSON, 30 Hanover St., Boston, Mass. 

JOHN WALQUIST. 2528 Elliott Ave., Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

All correspondence for the General Executive 
Board must be sent to the General Secretary. 

General Conference of -Building Trades. 

Dayton, 0., December 28, 1907. 
To the Building Trades Affiliated with the 
American Federation of Labor. Greet- 

At the twenty-seventh annual convention 
of the American Federation lately ad- 
journed, the following recommendation was 
unanimously adopted : 

"That a department of building trades 
of the A. F. of L. be created; said de- 
partment to be chartered by the A. F. of 
L., to be composed of bona fide national 
and international building trades' organi- 
zations duly chartered as such by the A. F. 

of L., and to be given autonomy over the 
building trades, with authority to issue 
charters to local building trades sections, 
said sections and central body to be af- 
filiated to the A. F. of L., to be composed 
of bona fide local unions and recognized as 
such in the building trades. 

' ' We further recommend that all local 
unions of the B. T. S. shall be affiliated with 
central bodies of the A. F. of L. ' ' 

At a conference of the executive officers 
of the various building trades in attendance 
at the A. F. of L. convention called by 
President Huber of the Brotherhood of Car- 
penters for the purpose of carrying out the 
instructions of the foregoing resolution, it 
was agreed to call a convention of all the 
building trades affiliated with the American 
Federation of Labor to be held in the city 
of Washington, D. G. 

It was further agreed that the above 
mentioned convention should be called by 
the . six (6) trades that now compose the 
Structural Building Trades Alliance, by 
and with the approval of Vice-Presidents 
Duncan and Huber of the A. F. of L. 

In accordance with the purpose expressed 
in the above resolution and the wish of the 
subsequent conference, arrangements have 
been made that the said convention will be 
called to order at ten o 'clock Monday morn- 
ing, February 10, 1908, in Typographical 
Temple, Washington, D. C, and your Inter- 
national union is respectfully requested to 
send representation to correspond with that 
allowed your organization at the twenty- 
seventh annual convention of the A. F. of 
L., which is as follows : 

"National and international unions, for 
less than four thousand members, one dele- 
gate; four thousand or more, two delegates; 
eight thousand or more, three delegates; 
sixteen thousand or more, foul' delegates; 
thirty -two thousand or more, five delegates, 
. and so on. ' ' 

It may not be amiss to say that there 
never seemed a more opportune time for the 
building trades to effect a perfect organiza- 
tion than at present, and it is sincerely 

1 that your national organization «ill 
lend tin' movement Btrengtb and encourage- 
ment bj your pn 

SuitaMe 1 ■ ' 

eu ranged with the Ebbitt Souse, and i 
may be Bccured on the American plan at 
I and upward per day. 

Respectfully and fraternally Bubmi 
JAMES DUNCAN, Representing the A. P. 

of L. 
\vm. 1>. ill BER, Representing the A. P. 

of 1.. 
JAMES KIRBY, Representing the S. B. T. 

WM. .1. SPENI EB, Representing the S. B. 
T. A. 

Report of James Kirby, President of S. 
B. T. A., to the Board of Governors. 

Dayton, O., December 28, 1907. 

Since my last report sometime ago, I 
have given my time principally toward 
bringing about the action taken by the 
American Federation of Labor at the last 
convention at Norfolk, Va.; that of char- 
tering a building trades department. 

I have, however, taken up many matters 
that came up in the meantime, among them 
was the building trades lockout at Louis- 
ville, Ky., where I was unable to even get 
a conference with the employers. The 
trades, however, done well considering the 
condition of the city and I feel sure that 
while the matter was lost as far as the 
building trades were concerned, the showing 
made must have been a surprise to the 
Manufacturers ' Association, the organiza- 
tion that led the fight against union labor. 

I have just returned from Duluth, Minn., 
where the real estate men urged on by the 
manufacturers, have not only declared a 
lockout against the organization affiliation 
with the S. B. T. A., but say they will re- 
fuse to do business with any contractor who 
deals with organized labor; also, that they 
will use their influence against any retail 
merchant that recognizes union labor in any 
way. However, there is little to fear at 
present inasmuch as little work is going up 
at present on account of the weather, and 
the members of the different unions are 
standing together as one man, and with a 
little encouragement from their different 

internationals there is certain victory ahead 
of the building trades of Duluth. 

I have also endeavored to settle difl 
ces in ( Qeveland and i incinnarj, do! very 
iccesafully, however, but I believe the time 
well spent, and I desire to thank the mem- 
bers who. lent their assistance toward pro- 
moting a better feeling among the building 
tradesmen of these cities. 

1 visited Danville and Decatur, III., in an 
effort to establish an alliance, Ft. Wayne, 
Ind., to re-establish the local, bul met with 
some little n]i|i,>.,iiinn in the last named city, 
as an organizer of the Brotherhood of 
Painters had preceded me and advised 
establishing a local building trades council, 
and worked very hard to that end, with the 

result that little good was a mplished by 

any one. 

While in the East recently, I attended the 
executive board meeting of the State Alliance 
of New Jersey, and I desire to say that there 
is a body of men who arc doing a world of 
good for all classes of organized labor, to 
say nothing of the influence they wield to- 
ward cementing better relations among the 
building tradesmen, and T know of no or- 
ganization, local or state, that tries to reach 
the foundation of our troubles as close and 
persistently as the State Alliance of New 
Jersey, and I will say that at-^heir meeting 
in Perth Amboy, they formed an Alliance 
in that city which will soon take its place 
among the many effective alliances in that 

Returning to the action of the A. F. of 
L. convention nearly all the members of the 
board are, I believe, now familiar with said 
action in a general way. The conference 
held in New York between Brothers Gom- 
pers, Huber and Duncan, representing the 
A. F. of L., and Tfannahan, Spencer and 
Kirby, representing the S. B. T. A., has 
been referred to you by General Secretary 
Spencer, so there is little to add save that 
as general president of the alliance I took 
an active interest in the matter at Nor- 
folk, and whatever good comes of the action 
of the convention, I want to say right here, 
and I fear no successful contradiction, that 
the agitation created and success attained 
by the S. B. T. A. is the main reason why 
the building trades wore granted complete 
autonomy over their own affairs without a 
dissenting vote by the many crafts repre- 


sented at that great gathering of trades 

The following is a complete copy of the 
resolution as it passed the convention: 

' ' We, your committee on building trades, 
find that in accordance with the recom- 
mendation of the executive council relative 
to conference held between sub-committee 
representing the executive council and the 
Structural Trades Alliance. 

' ' The committee having given the subject 
its earnest consideration, and believing it 
to be to the best interest of the labor move- 
ment in general that it be under the one 

' ' We therefore recommend to the twen- 
ty-seventh annual convention that a depart- 
ment of building trades of the A. F. of L. 
be created, said department to be chartered 
by the A. F. of L., to be composed of bona 
fide national and international building 
trades organizations, duly chartered as such 
by the A. F. of L. and to be given autonomy 
over the building trades, with authority to 
issue charters to local building trades sec- 
tions; said sections , and central body to be 
affiliated to the A. F. of L. to be composed 
of bona fide Local Unions and recognized 
as such in the building trades. 

"We further recommend that all local 
unions of the B. T. S. shall be affiliated 
with central bodies of the A. F. of L. 

' ' The above is a correct copy of the com- 
mittee 's report, which was unanimously 
-adopted by the A. F. of L. convention on 
November 22, 1907. 

Yours fraternally, 
(Signed) "FRANK MORRISON, Sec." 

There is nothing more pertaining to it. 
It gives us exactly what we want, nothing 
less — strict autonomy and the right to 
charter local bodies. 

After the action was passed by the con- 
vention a meeting was called by Vice-Presi- 
dent Huber, chairman of the building 
trades committee to make arrangements for 
calling a meeting in compliance with the 
above resolution. I insisted that the six 
trades that now compose the S. B. T. A. 
should call the convention, which was agreed 
to with Vice-Presidents Huber and Duncan, 
acting for the A. F. of L., both, however, 
building tradesmen. 

The convention will be called in February, 
as you have no doubt received notice be- 

fore this will have reached you. Eighteen 
building trades affiliated with the A. F. of 
L. will be requested to send delegates, and 
I believe every one of them will comply. 

The laws of our organization will have to 
be completely rewritten and maybe we 
won't know ourselves when we come out 
of the work, but I want to say it is better 
for all concerned as we will then be in a 
solid body and able to bid defiance to all 
our enemies, come where they will. 

It will also be necessary to hold a meet- 
ing of the alliance immediately after the 
new organization is formed to wind up the 
affairs of that organization or take such 
other action as may be deemed, best. 

Trusting my humble efforts meet with 
your approval and wishing every member of 
the board a happy and prosperous New 
Year, I remain, 

Fraternally yours, 


The quarterly circular, giving the current 
password, with blanks for the reports of 
financial secretaries, treasurers and trustees 
for the months of January, February and 
March, 1908, enclosed, has been forwarded 
by the General Office to all Local "Unions 
of the U. B., under date of December 26, 
1907, as first-class mail to insure prompt 
delivery. Recording secretaries not receive- 
ing same in due time will please notify the 
General Secretary, Frank Duffy, Box 187, 
Indianapolis, Ind., without delay. 

Localities to be Avoided. 

Carpenters are requested to stay away- 
from the following places. Owing to trade 
movements, building depression and other 
causes, trade is dull: 

Belleville, III. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 
Chicago, 111. 
Detroit. Mich. 
Edwardsville, III. 
Hendersonville, N. C. 
Lawton, Okla. 
Memphis, Tenn. 
Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Nashville, Tenn. 
New Orleans, La. 
New Rochelle, N. Y. 
New York City. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pittsburg. Pa. 
Pueblo. Colo. 
Rockford. 111. 
Seattle, Wash. 
Tacoma, Wash. 
Watertown, Wis. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
Miami, Fla. 
Hartford, Conn. 
Wheeling, W. Va. 
Ashland, Ky. 
Gary, Ind. 

Local Unions Chartered Last Month. 

Rock Hill, S. C. 
Syracuse. Kans. 
Poteau, Okla. 

Total : 5 Local Unions, 

Lansport, Pa. 
Bristol, Pa. 

a he (Earimttrr 

Report of Delegates of the 27th Annual 

Convention of the American Feder- 

tion of Labor. 

Seers, General Exccuth c 
Board and Members of the United Broth- 
hood of Carpenters and Jo 

Ann iri ling: 

nili annual coi 
the American [federation of Labor was 
called to order on Monday, November 11, 
;ii 11 o 'clock a. til, in i In- Auditorium of 

tin- -i i i by I' hi 

Samuel Gompers. The balance of 
si. mis of the re held in the 

Armory building, Norfolk, Va. The grea ei 
part of tin 's session was taken up 

by ai dn of welcome from the n d | or oi 

Norfolk, the president of the Board of 
Trade, i he president of the ( fenl ral Lab ir 
Union of Norfolk, and the president oi 
Virginia strife l>r:i n.-li of the Ameri an 

ration of Labor. Besides that I e 
mayor of Newporl News tendered a warm 

'me to the deli ;ati The speech of the 
clay and one well wortl i eni 
given by Mr. Swanson, Governor of the 
i Virginia. To all speeches 
Presidepl i Ion pcrs replied in an appropriate 
and fitting manner. 

Tlie rej ■ ii of tlir I lommitti 'i ' 

tials showed 352 deli ga i . divided 

:is follows: 

202 delegates represented s 7 national nn.l 
internal ional tini ins « itli 14,751 voti 

29 resented 29 state l odii - 

with 29 

89 repn sented 89 central 

bodies with 

25 delegates represented 25 trades ami 
federal labor unions with II votes. 

7 del S fratei na] or- 

ganizations with 4 votes. 

Making ;i total voting power of 14.914 

Of this amount we had 1.029 votes at 
our command. 

AA"e protested against tlie seating of the 
delegates from the United Trades and Labor 
Council of Buffalo. X. A"., on the ground 
that saiil council granted a charter to the 
millwrights of that city some few rears 
ago and has sinee recognized said union in 
violation of the orders of the Pittsburg and 
Afinneapolis conventions of the American 
Federation of labor. After investigation 

ntial committee recom nded thai 

the cli ted and thai the executive 

council I"- 'in ' ctod I he chart - 

i In' Buffalo Tradi and Labor I iuncil if 

said eil persisl ii recognizing the 

milk rights ' union, n ho e members are 
ting outside the pale oi tbi I Fnited 

i Irothi 1 1 ood of Carpenters and .' I 

America to which organization thi ! 

fully lielong. This was intisfactory to us 
and the delegati ated. 

The seven di Ii gs I ■ elected al our 
Niagara Falls convention were in attend 

ance all during 1 1 i enl ion and took as 

active part in all its deliberations. Everj 

one of our delegates was pla I on im- 

ant committees by I 'n idi n Gompei 

Brother Macfarlane served on Committee 
mi President 's report. 

Brother Guerin serva.d on Committee on 
Re olution 

Brother Swartz served on Committee on 

Brother Potts served on Committee on 
State ' trganizations. 

Brother Huber seryeel ' Committee on 
Building Trades. 

Brother AlcKialaf served on Special Com 
mittee on Eight Hours. 

Brother Duffy i special c 

tee to deal with the injunction suit entered 
nst the president and executive council 
of the American Federation of Labor by the 
Buck Stove ami Eanfje Company of St. 
Louis of which AL. Van ''leave is President. 
Besides attending to the work of the con- 
vention we visited and addressed our Local 
Unions in Portsmouth, Newport N 
Hampton and Norfolk. We hope the ad- 
vice given them will bear fruit in the future. 

Tlie report of President Grunpers i 

masterly one dealing with all pba i of the 
labor question in detail in an intelligable, 
clear and concise manner. Ii was turned 
over to a committee of fifteen to examine 
into, investigate and digest. After a week's 
consideration of same the committee re- 
ported as follows: We desire to urgently 
recommend to working people the careful 
reading of this report. It all deserves and 
should receive our careful attention as work- 
ing people, and there are in it matters 
which today are and in the near future will 
be of supreme importance to the preserva- 
tion of our civilization and dominion on 


this continent and the preservation of indi- 
vidual freedom among our people. 

In dealing with the several points in the 
report we shall endeavor to call special at- 
tention to subjects that we think of most 
immediate and pressing importance and 
shall treat each subject item by item under 
captions used in the report itself. 


We desire to express our gratification at 
the healthy growth of the organization dur- 
ing the past year. A steady substantial 
growth is of greater value to the labor 
movement and the accomplishment of its 
purposes than a rapid mushroom growth 
that brings a membership into our organi- 
zation so rapidly that the real purpose of 
organized labor may be endangered by the 
accession of large numbers of people not 
versed in or familiar with those purposes. 
A well-known economical truth is expressed 
that should be more generally heralded to 
the world by the statement that ' ' the great 
rank and file of organized labor in all its 
ramifications are earnestly engaged in the 
movement to bring betterment and light 
into, not only their own homes, but into the 
homes and lives of all. The non-union men 
of today, as well as some trades unionists 
frequently and unthinkingly overlook the 
fact that conditions have not always been 
as they are now. They look upon it as a 
matter of fact that has just happened so, 
that they are now required to work only 
eight, nine or ten hours per day in their re- 
spective vocations, and yet it has been the 
hard fighting, persistent effort and good 
generalship of organized labor that has 
wrung from reluctant employers the reduc- 
tion from twelve, thirteen and four- 
teen hours' work to the present standard 
firmly establishing it first at one point and 
then at another, so that all business, 
whether on a union or non-union basis is 
finally forced to conform to the shorter 
work-day standard. What is true of the 
hours of labor is equally true as applied to 
every law enacted for the protection of men, 
women and children; the promotion of bet- 
ter sanitary conditions in mines and work- 
shops; the safeguards required about ma- 
chinery and every other enactment for the 
protection of life and limb — the conserva- 

G% (&nrpmtn 

tion of the health of the workers, and the 
defense of their liberties against the en- 
croachments of organized greed. It is also 
a well-known fact that whenever wages are 
increased in any particular craft or indus- 
try the wages of non-unionists are also in- 
creased, although not always in the same 
ratio or to the same extent that the trade 
union is able to secure for its members'. 
With the growth of the movement these 
facts are becoming better and better known, 
and justice to ourselves requires that they 
should become still better known to those 
at present outside of our movement, and we 
therefore recommend that this phase of the 
report be given as much publicity as possi- 


We are pleased to learn that such excel- 
lent results have been secured in the trade 
movements of the * Local Unions directly 
affiliated by charter to the American Feder- 
ation of Labor, and recommend that the 
same sound, conservative methods be con- 
tinued in handling their affairs. 

We regret that there are some trade or- 
ganizations that as yet do not seem to feel 
the need of federation and trust that the 
time is not far distant when every bona 
fide trade union on the North American 
continent will be affiliated with the Ameri- 
can Federation of Labor. We commend the 
steps that have been taken to that end and 
recommend that they be continued. 


We fully agree with the president that 
trade unions can not be rigid and inflexi- 
ble in their forms. Like all other affairs 
they must be so conducted as to conform 
to changing conditions. Experience has 
shown that the various trades may be fully 
trusted to change the forms of their re- 
spective organizations in such manner as 
shall be most effective for the protection of 
their interests. 

Organisms have, no matter how, pro- 
duced a life and an individuality peculiarly 
their own. Any sudden change in environ- 
ments or any great divergence from the 
natural law of its growth means injury,, de- 

QJltr (Ear|irntrr 

formity ..r death because of the inherent 
impossibility of sudden in its own 

Structure. in :i with this hiw or- 
ganizations of labor "ill develop in obedi 
ence t" the fundamental ideal underlying 
and nonrisbing its very life, but like other 
organisms, slight variations in outward 
form will n >ssarily 1"- produced bj 

\ ironn 


Wo certainly are in hearty accord with 
the president in his declaration against re- 
dnction in wages. The only reason that can 
be a i 'iy employer for reducing 

the wages of his employes is to enable him 

I 'i tl mpetition of other employers 

in the same- line. If he succeeds in getting 
a reduction his competitors will undertake 
the same course and he is then no better 
oil" from a competitive standpoint than be- 
i ire the reduction took place, while the em- 
ploye is made to suffer. This process can 
be repeated until their is neither a living 
wage for the worker nor profit for the em- 
ployer. With this goes inevitably a reduc- 
tion in the standard of living not, for the 
worker only, but within the entire society 
carrying with it industrial, social, intel- 
lectual, physical, and moral degeneration. 
We would desire specifically to bring to the 
attention in as forcible a manner as we 
may the following quotation from the re- 
port submitted to the Boston convention 
and quoted in this report: "If labor shall 
resist all attempts at reduction in wage, 
some battles may be lost, but these would 
be reduced to a minimum in the same de- 
gree as it is clearly understood that it is a 
firm resolve that we would rather resist and 
I ise than not resist at all." We desire to 
at what this committee said on this sub- 
ject at the Minneapolis convention in ad- 
dressing itself to the class of employers 
who yet persist in treating labor power as 
a commodity instead of an attribute of 
life: "Make your future profits out of 
something else than my flesh and blood. I 
am going, at least, to keep what I have got 
and to get as much more as I can. Reckon 
it. then, as a fixed factor in your business 
calculation that labor's share in the joint 
product shall never, more be scaled down- 
ward. ' ' 



Our president says that he feels it bit 

duty to again impress upon .-ill unions the 
it} to pnu i.le themselves with 

ample funds to protect their membership in 
strikes or lockouts ami this committee feel 
it to I... its duty to call upon all membi 
of organized labor to act upon the recom 
mendations herein submitted without delay. 
We do not think that its importance can be 

'i ated or I bat it can in any wise 

be neglected without serious danger to the 
life of the labor movement. 

We are in full accord with President 
Gompers when he says: "That the law of 
supply and demand lias its place in nature 
and in primitive natural conditions, no 
thinking man will dispute; but when wc 
realize what science has done and what 
progress has been made to overcome the 
primitive conditions of nature; what has 
been accomplished in machinery and tools 
of labor; in the means of transportation of 
products and of man, the means of trans- 
mission of information and intelligence, the 
fact becomes immediately patent that man 
has made nature conform to his wants and 
that the original conception of the law of 
supply and demand has been largely over- 
come and can be still further overcome by 
intelligent, comprehensive and determined 
action of the wage earners who, by their 
associated effort shall refuse to have their 
brain and brawn, their hearts and the hearts 
of those beloved by them, weighed in the 
same scale with the side of a hog or a bushel 
of coal." 

The law of supply and demand applies to 
supplies for and demands of men, but does 
not apply to supplies 0/ and demands for 
men who are living, intelligent organisms 
capable of regulating the supply of, if not 
the demand for the use of their own labor 

At all periods in the world's history 
there has existed a class of people who were 
unable to see or realize that, any benefit 
could come from change. They represent 
the reactionary element in human nature. 


Their antagonism is natural as coming from 
them, but they might just as well attempt 
to stem the flow of a mighty river with a 
pebble as to stop the onward movement of 
labor by the use of the fund they have 
raised to educate the working people to re- 
turn to the past. They represent and work 
for the preservation of industrial absolut- 
ism, while organized labor hopes and works 
for industrial democracy, and we are confi- 
dent that industrial democracy will as sure- 
ly succeed industrial absolutism as political 
democracy has been and is displacing politi- 
cal absolutism. 

The trade union movement has a definite 
purpose publicly expressed; it has nothing 
to conceal and therefore, does not fear the 
employment of 12,000, or any other number 
of spies, which they may desire to squander 
money upon. We condemn it as unwise, as 
producing unnecessary distrust and class 


"We endorse all that our president says 
concerning the use of the terms ' ' open ' ' 
and ' ' closed ' ' shops. There are no such 
terms applicable to the trade-union move- 
ment. They are absolutely misleading. The 
union shop is open to all workmen capable 
and willing to perform their work and as- 
sume their share of the responsibilities con- 
nected therewith; the non-union shop is the 
only closed shop made so by the employers 

We condemn as unwise and injurious to 
the wage workers the agitation that has 
recently been inaugurated against the trade 
agreement. As long as the condition of 
employer and employe exist there will neces- 
sarily have to be agreements, actual or im- 
plied. They may be either written or oral, 
for a specific period or terminable at will; 
they may be entered into individually or 
collectively, but the moment any person ac- 
cepts employment, that moment a contract 
begins. The interests of the worker, as 
well as the basic philosophy of the trade 
union movement require that wherever 
possible contracts for wages and conditions 
of employment should be made collectively. 
While if is not in the province of this com- 
mittee or of the American Federation of 
Labor to direct the various trade unions in 
the manner or form of their contracts, we 

Wop (Earpfttter 

desire to point out the fact that as employ- 
ers of labor can not, in the very nature of 
things, guarantee continuous employment to 
all of our members neither can we, nor 
should we in our wage contracts, guarantee 
to them that we will furnish them all the 
workers they desire. 

We note with pleasure the efforts that 
have ' been made to bring the organizations 
of farmers and those of the wage worker 
into close relationship with each other so 
that they may co-operate for the benefit of 
all. There are many things in which we 
have a common interest and. can effectively 
make common cause. It is gratifying to 
know that the farmer is being educated to 
call for union-made goods, knowing that in 
so doing he is assisting in advancing our 
civilization to a higher plane, and we should 
reciprocate by purchasing the products of 
the members of their associations for the 
same reason. Whether a workman receives 
his pay in wages or by the sale of the prod- 
uct of his labor he is interested in getting 
full value for the labor performed and 
every effort should be made to create and 
maintain harmonious relations with all or- 
ganizations of labor that have this end in 

We have carefully considered the presi- 
dent's report regarding the issuance of in- 
junctions as used in labor disputes; we 
endorse what he has said, the efforts that 
have been made and the bill drafted and 
introduced. We urge upon every trade 
unionist, friend of free institutions, and of 
human liberty, the earnest and careful con- 
sideration of the use now being made of 
the equity power given to our courts. This 
power comes to our courts, from the irre- 
sponsible sovereigns of the old world, w 7 hen, 
by the sovereign delegated to the court of 
chancery, it was gradually so extended and 
abused that in England it became necessary 
to prohibit its use except for the specific 
protection of property and property rights, 
when such were in immediate danger and 
there was no adequate remedy at law. This 
was the practice in England at the time our 
constitution was adopted and it was with 

GJlir (Harprutrr 

nil Iho limitations at then and 

thoro provided nnd in use thai it was 

ndopted into 01 

cur judges, tf, under ti» - mistaken idea 

t It: 1 1 thus shall we : ime, it he ] 

nutted to invade crin inal jurisdiction, i' 

«ill absorb the whole domain, destroy trial 

by jury, the indictmenl 

all other ound 

it t n •. ■ . ssar) I o plai : used 

of crime, tf it be permitted I 

itself so t" deal with personal rights it will, 

l eing .■ 1 1 ' s . i ; 1 1 1 . ■ l \ .in irresponsil le po 

II--. •<! to destroy -ill persona] liberty. The 

theory upon which I in labi i 

putes seems t" be thai conducting of :i 

business is a property right; thai 

i< property, and thai the earning | i oJ 

property engaged i is itself | 

which can and oughl t.. I ,. 
by the equity power in the same way and t.. 
the - nl as pro] erty, tat gil le i 

itself. Inasmuch us the 
capacity of property used in business de- 
fls either upon the labor employed or 
patron ige en joj ed, such theory > ould carry 
with it an admission thai in our country 
the ownership of the tools of prodw 

_ i thereof a vesl ed right 

in so much labor as will make his busi 
profitable or in so much patronagi - will 
him an assured it me on his invest- 

We recognize that under our laws ami 
form of government the employers may have 
a property right in the real estate, houses, 
machinery nii.l other appliance ci ary to 
conduct their business, bul we absolutely 
and positively deny that they have any prop- 
erty right in the workmi n oiti'or as pro- 
ducers or icrs. 

If the pre y of the courts shall 

be finally accepted a corporation running a 

lartment store and having destroyed and 
absorbed all competitors may, through th& 
ranee of a judge sitting in equity, pre- 
vent any other corporation or individual 
from entering its field and by competition 
reducing its income. Your committee be- 
lieves that there is no tendency so danger- 
ous to persona] liberty, so destructive of 
free institutions and of a republican form 
of government as the present misuse and 
extension of the equity power through 
usurpation by the judiciary; and therefore 

.1 tic I 'earic 
bill en. I. .t 

i mmend licit 

candidates for legislate p i 

tii. us bo careful 

and intei n is to their p 

ti ii this matter befo i thoj I i en 

nd thai those who f nm 


thor qui tion, 

\\ '.• concur in the recommendations thai 
the reporl mmittee and the 


\\"c ii i e udied with dei 
serious apprehension the edj the 

I l:m and new cons ' 
I he old la bject. 

quarter million.-, i en, 
i nd | with 

the nd in the 

short peri. ..I ..I' t, indeed, 

Anendous oi 

i hey do from .very part 
of the glo I idonging to the 

some to the Sem ii 
1 somi 
The two lasl named, alien to us in 
.in us iii 
and social .!•". eloj in. ni thai it has ta 

race more than two thousand years 
under favorable conditions to move ] 
their present stage to the one which we now 
occupy. With :i closi and n a i j aipathetic 
of immigration there has arisen a 
conviction that the two stream of people 
ing, one from the continent of Asia to 
Pacific, the . irope and 

other countries bordering on the Mediter- 
ranean to the A 1 1 : 1 1 must be given 
a fundamentally diffi ri itment. When 

can be assimilated, no matter how great the 
resources of the country to which I 
if they are of a lower ird 

ust be harmful to the 
working people of such country, and if 
can not bi ilated at all then the immi- 

gration becomes still more dangereus ; 

colonization, ultimately followed by con- 
' quest. Tt matters not whether the weapon 


be the gun or the spade, the result will be 
the same. We, therefore, demand the abso- 
lute exclusion from this land of all those 
of alien race, coming from the continent 
of Asia or islands of the Pacific. Nothing 
short of this will, as time flows on, preserve 
to the people now on this continent and 
their descendants, the future possession 
thereof. The greed of the past is responsi- 
ble for such race troubles as we have had 
and we now have, and the greed of the 
present, if not checked by law, will bring 
to this land further and perhaps still more 
dangerous race complications. We deeply 
regret the failure of the last enactment to 
bring any relief from the constantly grow- 
ing current of Japanese to the Pacific coast. 

The immigrants coming from Europe or 
other countries bordering on the Mediter- 
ranean are, speaking generally, capable of 
assimilation. It would therefore be suffi- 
cient to curtail the numbers within a 
reasonable proportion through a sifting 
process by which we would be able to save 
ourselves from those whom European coun- 
tries are most desirous to see depart. While 
our law in theory does this at least to some 
extent, the number that are coming is a 
plain proof that the law is inefficient and 
it is with great regret we learn that the 
educational test for which this organization 
has petitioned from time to time was not 
inserted in the last law. We desire further 
to express our emphatic disapproval of the 
-decision rendered by the attorney-general 
which substantially means that working 
men on strike or locked out are not in the 
country. It seems to us that a reasonable 
care for the welfare of the rest of the 
population, leaving the working people out 
of the question, should have given us a bet- 
ter law and a better decision. 

One feature of the last law enacted pro- 
viding for a division of information seems 
to us to be capable of much good or evil 
in accordance as it shall be used, and we 
recommend that the executive council be 
authorized and all unions affiliated be re- 
quested to co-operate with this division to 
the end that the most good possible will 
be accomplished thereby. 

We are in full accord with the position 
of President Gompers concerning trust 

Sty? (&ntpmt?i 

legislation and particularly his position 
when he declares that ' ' Workman have not 
any products for sale. ' ' Labor power can 
not by any stretch of imagination be con- 
sidered a product of a commodity. It is 
the mental and physical means by which 
products and commodities are produced. 
Being the creator of them it is superior to 
them and must be treated accordingly. No 
matter what trust legislation is enacted it 
must not in any manner interfere with the 
right of workmen to organize for the pro- 
tection of their own interests. We there- 
fore, recommend that our legislative com- 
mittee be on the alert when the subject mat- 
ter is again under congressional considera- 
tion to the end that all organizations of 
labor may be properly informed. ' 

The executive council, among other 
things, reported at length on the suit en- 
tered against the American Federation of 
Labor by Mr. Van Cleave, president of the 
Buck's Stove and Range Company of St. 
Louis enjoining the president and executive 
council from publishing the "We Don't 
Patronize List" in the Amei'ican Federa- 
tionist. This matter was referred to a 
special committee to deal with in detail, 
and at the same time to devise ways and 
means to properly 'defend it. The commit- 
tee made a strong report on the matter 
which was unanimously concurred in by the 
convention and is now an expression of 
that body on its attitude toward the suit. 
' Besides that it was recommended and car- 
ried that a special assessment of 1 cent 
per capita tax be levied and that the presi- 
dent and executive council be authorized to 
make such other and further assessments 
for the proper defense of this case as are 
deemed necessary. 

On the controversy between the carpenters 
and wood workers the executive council re- 
ported as follows: 

The agreement between the representa- 
tives of the Amalgamated Wood Workers' 
International Union and the United Broth- 
erhood of Carpenters and Joiners of Amer- 
ica at MinneapoJis and ratified by the con- 
vention of the Amei'ican Federation of 
Labor, had for its purpose amalgamation. 
The officers submitted the agreement to a 
referendum vote of the membership of each 
of their respective organizations. We ha^e 
been officially informed by the United 

©Itr (Haryrntrr 

erliood of Carpenters ami Juniors thai 
the membership ratified t tic agreement, an I 
.•iKo have beon informed that the member 
the » I workers hai e rejected it. 

In connection with this mattev your at- 
tention should i e called to the tad that we 
have received a number of communication 
from :in employers' association in behalf of 
a company conducting a wood working 
establishment and also from Beveral differ- 
ent wood working i erna insisting npon 

some definite course in order that they may 
conform thereto, be safeguarded from the 
results of contests by reason of the rival 
claims of each organization, and conduct 
union establishments. This matter is re- 
ted to you and should receive your very 
ous and careful consideration and 

The delegates representing the Amalga- 
mated Wood Workers presented the follow- 
ing resolutions: 

Whereas, The Amalgamated Wood Workers' 
International Union of America has prior right 
to jurisdiction of factory wood workers, which 
right has heen recognized hy charter Issued to 
s:ii.l organization, and by repeated decisions of 
the American Federation of Labor conven- 
iens; by Arbitration Tribunal, and action of 
the executive council. 

Whereas, The membership of the Amalga- 
mated Wood Workers' International Union by 
a secret ballot (referendum vote) defeated the 
proposition to merge with the United Brother- 
hood of Carpenters and Joiners, which was 
submitted pursuant to an agreement signed at 
Minneapolis during the twenty-sixth annual 
convention of the American Federation of 
Labor, and 

Whereas, It is evident the officials of the 
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners 
do not respect the right of the membership of 
the Amalgamated Woodworkers' International 
Union trt decide for themselves the form of 
organization that shall govern in the factory 
wood working trade, as they are employing 
reprehensible methods to injure the Amalga- 
mated Wood Workers' International Union, 
that not only bring discredit upon the or- 
ganized labor movement, but are creating a 
condition that tends to be conducive for the 
establishment of the open shop in the mills 
and factories. As instances of such tendency 
we can point to a number of centers where 
the wood workers' unions had a good move- 
ment, which through machinations of the 
United Brotherhood of Carpenters is now al- 
most disrupted, and the open shop prevails 
generally. In another instance they signed an 
agreement with a manufacturing concern of 
Chicago. Ills., compelling workers in a branch 
factory operated by the same company located 
within 150 miles of that city to accept wages 

iglng L'u per • ■ nl Ic than the rate "i 
wages In effect In the Chicago factory, and 

Whereas, Experience demon ti ite that the 
Interests "i factor] wood workers can be con- 
Borvod best by kindred crafts and ns the 
Brotherhood of Carpenters Is a bu lidding trade 
their Interests are not Identical with factory 

n i workers ; therefore, 

Resolved, Thai the twenty-seventh annual 
convention of the American federation of 
Labor reaffirms approval of the jurisdiction 
provided In the Downey decision, and thai 

failure to < ply with such decision shall he 

lie sudlclent to revoke the charter of the 
offending organlzal Ion. 

This entire matter was referred t.. the 

Adjustment Committee and was reported. on 
as follows: 

four committee recommends that the 

I'resi'lenl and Seeretan nf I lie Amalgamated 

Wood Workers and the President and Bee 
retary of the United Brotherhood of Car 

|. enters, together with the President of the 
American Federation of Labor be instruct 
I'd to jointly recommend to the member- 
ship of the two organizations interested in 

amalgamation • in accord; with the 

action of the Minneapolis Convention of 
the American Federation of Labor. 

The delegate from the Central Trades and 
Labor Assembly of Tampa, Florida entered 
the following set of resolutions against us, 
which was also referred to the Adjustment 

Whereas. Ship Carpenters, Joiners and 
Caulkers of America, Local No. CO, located at 
Tampa, Fla., protest against the members of 
the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and 
Joiners of America, Local No. 69G, usurping 
the places of the members of Local Union No. 
60, and, It is claimed, at a lower wage scale 
than obtained by the ship carpenters. 

Local Union No. 60 also claims that 
members of No. 696 work with non-union 
caulkers and others on marine and floating 
work claimed by the ship carpenters. To 
these charges the officials of Local No. 696 
has never made an official denial. 

The Central Trades and Labor Assembly 
of Tampa, Fla., to whom the protest was 
first made, tried by every means to have the 
two locals affected arrive at a satisfactory 
agreement. In this the central body was 
unsuccessful owing to the fact that Local 
696 claimed jurisdiction over every branch 
of work where a nail is driven. 

The matter was then referred to Presi- 
dent Gompers for a decision and the presi- 
dent decided that as the matter was one of 


(Hlje (Unvpmttr 

trades jurisdiction, it should be settled by 
the national organizations. 

As the dispute in question has developed 
into a dispute between two internationals, 
the Central Trades and Labor Assembly of 
Tampa begs that the 27th Annual Conven- 
tion of the American Federation of Labor 
adopt some method by which this dissension 
can be eliminated and peace restored by 
mutual consent of the parties concerned. 
The committee reported as follows: 
No conference having been arranged to 
settle the matter im dispute, the committee 
recommends that the subject matter of the 
resolution be referred to the general officers 
of the two organizations interested for ad- 
justment. The report of the committee was 
concurred in. 

Recently the newspapers of the country 
have been teeming with attacks on Presi- 
dent Gompers and the executive council of 
the American Federation of Labor, charg- 
ing them with fraud, dishonesty and un- 
faithfulness. . It became so scurrilous and 
unbearable that President Gompers asked 
the convention to give him a chance and 
an opportunity to reply. This request was 
unanimously granted and President Gom- 
pers made the following statement: 

The attack by the agents of the National 
Association of Manufacturers upon the offi- 
cers of the American Federation of Labor 
could not come at a more opportune time 
than just before and during our annual con- 
-vention. It will have directly the opposite 
effect from that intended; instead of sow- 
ing suspicion and disrupting our forces it 
will concentrate their energy upon defensive 

While I might personally prefer to let 
my life work speak for itself as to my 
honesty and loyalty to the movement I have 
the honor in part to represent, yet such 
scurrilous and lying attacks can not tie 
passed over in silence by the labor move- 
ment of the country and I feel that the 
general public should be given the truth. 
That our opponents descend to personal 
abuse shows the low character of the cam- 
paign they are conducting. That they had 
to go back sixteen years to fabricate a 
charge against my honesty is significant, 
for I have been under public scrutiny all 
the years since. 

We have with us here and there is in our 

office a mass of most interesting and re- 
markable documents which throw light on 
the methods and motives and personality of 
those who have instigated these recent at- 

Public sentiment will be shocked at the 
revelation of the methods employed by the 
spies and agents of the Manufacturers' As- 
sociation. I shall lay much of this informa- 
tion before you and the general public. 

The unions of the country have been sim- 
mering with resentment since I informed 
them through the American Federationist 
of the real purposes for which the Man- 
ufacturers' Association's million and a half 
dollar war fund was to be used. I pub- 
lished an editorial in the American Federa- 
tionist last July and another in September 
stating that the fund would be used in an 
attempt to villify and discredit the officials 
of our movement — that detectives and spies 
were already swarming around our unions 
not only trying to get information but 
busily engaged in fomenting trouble and 
concocting lies as to the actions of such 
unions and their members. My editorials 
w^ere based on actual information. A 
symposium in our September issue contri- 
buted by our most prominent labor officials 
showed that they too, realized the charac- 
ter of the fight against us. This recent at- 
tack upon the officers of the American Fed- 
eration of Labor is the proof to our mem- 
bers of how accurately we foretold the ac- 
tion of the National Association of Manu- 
facturers. They have made a very poor 
job of it. They have to go back sixteen 
years in order to find any peg upon which 
they can hang a possible suspicion. 

The man Bice who makes affidavit of hav- 
ing paid and received certain money from 
Samuel Gompers is a man who was formerly 
an advertising solicitor employed by the 
American Federation of Labor. He was 
dismissed for dishonesty. We have records 
in our office to prove this. After his dis- 
missal by the American Federation of La- 
bor he traveled through various states get- 
ting out "fake" souvenirs and similar pub- 
lications, cheating business men and lining 
his own pockets through his false assertion 
that he was the agent of the American Fed- 
eration of Labor. We usually received 
proof of his rascality after he had fled from 

cHltr {ffarprutrr 

the I perntion, bo prosecution 


Rice 's statements as to - paid 

tlio A. I', of I., for tin- advertising privi 
leges of its annual publication from the 

\ i:irs 1893 tO ' ttly in.'. hit, 

to the amounts paid, but he omits the im- 
portant fact that such sums as he did 
were expended for the Federation .tml not 
for my personal use. The records of the 

A. I', of L. show that these sums rei 
from the sale of the advertising privileges 
of our anni i r h eri used to 

bny office furniture and to get out 
plates for some of our earlier pamphlets. 
It must be remembered that the Federation 
was up to 1893 a comparatively new organ- 
ization struggling to get an equipment for 
its organizing and educational work. 

Mi- '.' .1 hi i onfederates pet ei 

the original idea of the A. F. of L. souvenir 
publication and both before and after our 
magazine was established they systematical- 
ly plundered hoth the business men and 
the local labor movement in various sections 
of the country. 

At our 1901 convention of the Federation 
held in Seranton, Pennsylvania, our Exec- 
utive Council called special attention to 
the deceptive publications which were ille- 
gally using the name of the A. F. of L. 
asked and received authority to prose- 
cute any persons who published souvenirs, 
directories or other publications in which 
the A. F. of L. was alleged as 
the beneficiary. This wiped out the general 
evil to some extent, but Rice and his con- 
rates then turned their attention to 
getting out fake souvenirs, alleging State 
and City Central Bodies as the beneficiaries. 
Their swindles were even then so bold that 
several times they only escaped prosecution 
by hasty departure to fresh fields and 
pastures new. I have letters in this con- 
vention, all admitting it. 

There are warrants out for Henry Eice 
in several States, sworn to by business men 
whom he has fleeced. We have in our office 
original correspondence' voluntarily sent to 
us proving that Henry Eice has over and 
over again stolen from those who employed 
him. He is not in fear of physical assault, 
as he claims, but he may well fear that he 
will be arrested and sentenced to serve time 
for his swindles. The National Association 

[unufacti 1 i rai 

of thit man 's character when him 

to 'i thai no 

"i ■■■■ ma uld i" Found to do this 

kind of work. 

A fac-simile rect lj en published In 

ion thai I had 

ible financial nan-actions with 

Bice. That was simply an ordinary busi- 

transaction, th received from 

Rice was is I 1 I lined, 

wholly for the A. I', of L. 

The A. F. of 1/. and many business men 

have suffered I lations and 

did we wish evil to tho Manufacturers' As- 
sociation, we could not 
roi •■ than thai they should have him as one 
heir agents. 
The attack upon the Federation officials 
misrepresents the action which the A. F. of 
L. has taken on several occasions in its 

i entions. 

For instance, it is charged that I was 

"investigated" at the I ii lonvention 

in 1S93, and the intimation is made that 
I was "white washed." 

It is true that I had some op] 
There was a del he honor- 

able ambition to succeed me as presi< 
following among the < 
gates. Some of my opponents started a 
rumor that I had not accounted sati 
torily for the money received for the sale 
of the advertising privileges for our souve- 
nir that year. A committee of five was ap- 
pointed to investigate the matter, three of 
the five were known to be personally op- 
! to my re-election as president and in 
favor of the election of my opponent. 

The committee found that the rumors 
were baseless. I had properly accounted 
for every dollar received. It is true that 
the committee recommended that no further 
annual souvenir be issued, but that was be- 
cause the convention decided to establish 
our official monthly magazine, the "Amer- 
ican Federationist. " The report of the 
committee showing that 1 had properly ful- 
filled the trust reposed in me was unani- 
mously adopted by the convention. I was 
re-elected president and in addition made 
editor of our official magazine authorized to 
be established by that convention. 

In regard to the expense of our magazine, 
the "American Federationist," I will say 


U% (Earjwnfrr 

that we do pay our advertising manager 
nfty per cent, commission on advertising. 
He is an able man who has received from 
other firms even higher salary than we pay. 
We consider the laborer worthy of his hire. 
Our advertising manager does not get the 
fifty per cent, for his personal share, but 
is obliged to pay a commission and traveling 
expenses to the force of canvassers whom 
he employs and keeps on the road soliciting 
advertisements for the "American Federa- 
tionist. " This makes a total of about 
forty-two per cent., leaving him about eight 
per cent, for work as manager. 

It is true that we are obliged to pay 
somewhat higher advertising commission 
than daily newspapers or an ordinary mag- 
azine. Our magazine is national in its 
scope and appeal, yet there are certain 
kinds of advertising which we do not care 
to solicit or accept. For instance, we do 
not accept the advertisements of a firm 
known to be unfair to organized labor, not 
even if that firm were willing to pay $5,000 
a page per insertion. It would surprise 
even you, much less the public, to know 
the sums we are offered if we will accept 
certain classes of advertisements. 

I want to read a statement contained in 
the Journal of the National Association of 
Manufacturers. In one part it says 
' 'Would it not be natural for Mr. Gompers 
to take the position of Advertising Solicitor 
in preference to that of President of the 
A.merican Federation of Labor - as the re- 
muneration is greater?" 

I leave it to you who know me to say 
what sort of an advertising solicitor I 
would make ! And secondly, the whole 
make-up of these people, our enemies, their 
yiew and their conduct is measured by the 
dollar mark; they know nothing of convic- 
tion and principle. - They imagine if there 
be a dollar at the end of a proposition- op- 
posed to anything in which they may be- 
lieve, then change your belief in order to 
get the dollar. They do not understand and 
can not appreciate that there are some men 
in this world who have convictions and who 
live for principle, and the question of dol- 
lars is an after consideration. But to re- 

I also charge openly and pointedly that 
the Manufacturers' Association has for the 
past two years conducted a secret and wide- 

spread boycott against the ' ' American Fed- 
erationist. " ■ We have ample proof of this 
in our records. It penalizes manufacturers 
who advertise in our columns. It terrorizes 
merchants who would like to advertise with 
us by threatening to ruin their business if 
they do. This is the association which con- 
ducts a secret boycott itself and is trying to 
get the courts to enjoin the A. F. of L. 
from publishing an open "We Don't Pa- 
tronize" list of unfair firms in the "Amer- 
ican Federationist. " The blacklisting and 
boycotting tactics of the Manufacturers' 
Association add considerably to the ex- 
pense and trouble of securing advertising 
for the "American Federationist" but we 
are glad to say that many of the best firms 
in the country refuse to be terrorized by 
the Manufacturers ' • Association. 

It is true that in 1903 and 1904 we had 
an apparent deficit on the "American Fed- 
erationist. ' ' Our secretary 's report from 
which this was joyously culled by our op- 
ponents was only of the current condition 
and did not' mention several thousand dol- 
lars of collectable bills, which were a good 
asset and were subsequently realized upon. 

In 1905 our expenses were less because 
the expenditures of the two previous years 
in enlarging and advertising our publication 
tiad borne such good fruit that we again 
showed a surplus on current business. At 
no time has our official magazine been a 
burden upon our members, for it has every 
year carried several thousands of dollars 
worth of official printing for which it makes 
no charge upon the general fund, and which 
is absolutely necessary for the information 
of our members. 

We might have had an actual deficit 
greater than any ever alleged against the 
magazine and the deficit would still have 
been less than the cost Of official printing 
to the Federation if we were without an 
official publication. 

Our subscribers and our advertising carry 
our magazine as a good, legitimate business 
proposition without expense to our members 
and with no appropriation from our general 
fund. This ' is so well known in the labor 
movement that statements to the contrary 
only cause a smile among our members, but 
naturally the general public is not so well 

It would not be necessary to go into 

CElir (Ear^rulrr 

those matters in detail 'li'l every one an 
dorstand thai oo( only ore our entire finan- 
cial tran itiblisbed every month in 
the ' ' Unerican Fcderationisl ' ' but every 
official :u i i~ carefully scrutinized by our 
annua] convention. 

i! garbled extracts published by the 
Manufacturers' Association were taken 
from mil published financial reports which 
an' on file in public libraries and every- 
where thai our magazine is to be found. 
These financial transactions have been 
audited by a special committee each year 
and passed upon by the convention. It 
requires rather an acrobatic ability to 
uri'iich these figures out of their sequence 
in order to deceive the public. It is a 
huge joke to the labor movement to pretend 
that there is anything secret about the 
American Federation of Labor finances. 

Our expenditures each year are not only 
authorized but approved by the rank and 
file who pay the per capita tax. 

I think the National Association of Man- 
ufacturers will do well to follow our ex- 
ample and publish each month the subscrip- 
tions received to the million and half dol- 
lar war fund. I challenge it to publish the 
true story for what the money is expended. 

But to resume as to our own finances, 
nut only do the secretary, treasurer and 
myself present extended reports of every- 
thing done during the year but we also 
join with our eight vice-presidents in an 
executive council report to the convention. 
These are not only read and printed as a 
part of the public proceedings, but com- 
mittees are appointed to analyze and con- 
sider these reports and the verdict of the 
Committee on Officers' Reports is subject 
to debate by the convention. Our conven- 
tions arc open and visitors, friends or op- 
ponents, are permitted to bear our every 
utterance. The representatives of the press 
are presented ample opportunities for mak- 
ing a report of our proceedings to publish 
to the world. Could there be more public- 
ity? Our members realize that the Manu- 
facturers ' Association is trying to mislead 
the public when it talks about our Executive 
Council having either opportunity or power 
to abuse the trust reposed in it. 

My colleagues and I court the fullest 
possible inquiry from you, the delegates 
representing our two million members, who 

;i re ot this ■•> ■ i > \ ont ton. and I hope to end 
broadcast the invitation to the rank ami file 
of . .1 1 r membership t" study with renewed 

\ igilanee tin- acts ..I' its ,, dicer in Hie cum 
iug year. We arc proud iii the knowledge 

that we have administered the affairs of 
the Federation not only honestly but 

niiinically and intelligently. 

As tu there being on official ring within 

the I'Vilerutioii I those interested to 
study the doings of the Norfolk Convention. 
The President, the Secretary, Treasurer and 
eight vice-presidents of the A. F. of L. are 
nominated and elected annually by the con- 
vention. It is the most democratic plan 
that could be devised. The members of 
organized labor are satisfied with it. They 
know how their officers are chosen and how 
their affairs are administered. The attacks 
of the National Association of Manu- 
facturers are an insult to the intelligence of 
our members. Such attacks have proved a 
boomerang, in that they have intensified the 
feeling of the delegates against the Manu- 
facturers' Association and result in more 
definite and extensive measures than would 
have been the case had the Manufacturers' 
Association not made a slanderous, personal 
attack on the Federation Officials just be- 
fore and during the convention. 

The statement that the auditors were 
chosen by me from those who can be de- 
pended upon to cover up any improper 
transaction, is either the result of ignorance 
or maliciousness. As a matter of fact I 
select each year three officers of three dif- 
ferent organizations and these officers in 
turn select an auditor each. Naturally I 
can have no knowledge in advance of such 
selection. A few years ago a man was se- 
lected as an auditor whose business inter* 
ests prompted him to be exceptionally crit- 
ical. Several other auditors have been ap- 
pointed who were at variance with me and 
in every instance there has been a unani- 
mous and uniform report as to the honesty 
and the faithfulness of every financial 
transaction of the officers of the A. F. of L. 

I understand the present bitterness is be- 
cause the National Association of Manu- 
facturers finds its membership and its con- 
tributions falling off. 

Its present methods are bound to disgust 
upright and honorable business men quite 
as much as they do the wage workers. We 


have been thanked by upright and honor- 
able business ruen and public-spirited cit- 
izens all over the country for pointing out 
the methods of the Manufacturers' Asso- 

This form of attack is not new. The 
British trade unions passed through just 
such an ordeal about 1872 and emerged 
stronger than ever. We expect these at- 
tacks to continue for a while. We shall 
meet them at every point. They will tend 
to keep our members united, loyal and full 
of enthusiasm. 

The National Association of Manufactur- 
ers constitutes a very small minority of 
even the small manufacturers of the coun- 
try, but we do not believe that even that 
small number will long lend themselves to 
the contemptible methods pursued by their 

But it is my purpose to present to you 
some further details regarding the work of 
our Federation, the difficulties which beset 
its progress and the character and doings 
of the creature of the Manufacturers' As- 
sociation, Henry Eice. 

Honest and competent solicitors are the 
hardest people to secure for any kind of a 
publication. It is a position that depends 
absolutely upon the individual's ability. To 
secure specially adapted solicitors for any 
particular line is still more difficult, and in 
the special line those familiar with the la- 
bor movement are extremely scarce, com- 
petent solicitors who understand the labor 
field to secure honest and reliable ones re- 
duces the number very materially. As I 
have endeavored, as far as practical, to 
employ men not only who understand the 
labor movement but who had been con- 
nected with the movement, you will readily 
realize that the number of solicitors are 
limited to about a dozen throughout the 
United States. It was, therefore, found 
very difficult to secure the services of any 
competent canvassers to secure advertise- 
ments for the ' ' American Federationist. ' ' 

You will readily realize that the securing 
of advertisements for a monthly publica- 
tion is based upon a purely business prop- 
osition as an advertising medium. It is 
far more difficult to secure patronage and 
it takes considerably longer to close agree- 
ments with business firms for advertising 

After the Chicago convention, I employed 
Henry Eice to secure advertisements upon a 
commission basis for the ' ' American Fed- 
erationist. ' ' The results, however, were not 
satisfactory. Sometime later I secured the 
services of other solicitors, among them the 
present advertising manager of the "Amer- 
ican Federationist. ' ' This was in 1899. 
He agreed to secure for us a thousand dol- 
lars' worth of advertising a year. He had 
not long been in the field, when I received 
letters from him in which he declined to 
continue working on the same publication 
with certain canvassers, stating that some 
transactions had taken place which he con- 
sidered dishonest, and that these might be 
laid to him instead of to the party who 
was securing money contrary to my positive 
instructions and for purposes other than ad- 
vertising. I asked him to furnish me proof, 
and in letters from him under dates of June 
8, 15 and 25 and November 27, 1899, he 
gave me specific cases where Henry Eice 
had received money from firms in the name 
of the American Federation of Labor and 
had kept the same for his own benefit and 
use. Among the cases mentioned were the 
• following: Capewell Horse Nail Company, 
Hartford, Conn., for $180.00, which he 
had cashed and retained the money. 

The Eand Drill Company, 100 Broadway, 
New York City, gave a cheek for $25.00 
dated June 2, 1899, upon the order of the 
American Federation of Labor. Henry 
Rice, Agent, and the same was cashed by 
Eice and retained. 

The United Gas Improvement Company 
of Philadelphia gave check for $100.00. 

Also Browning King and Co., New York 

I made an investigation as soon as it 
was possible for me to do so of the state- 
ments here made. In the meantime I also 
received charges against Eice from many 
other sources, among them one from Henry 
White, then secretary of the United Gar- 
ment Workers of America. The evidence 
and other information sustained these and 
other charges against Mr. Eice, as solicitor 
for the "American Federationist." Those 
firms from whom money was obtained had 
been interviewed regarding the prosecution 
of the said Eice, but as you are aware, busi- 
ness houses are averse to lose time or to 
get the public notoriety in prosecuting cases 

(Hlj? (Earpnttrr 

this cbnrnctcr. The nttempl to secure 
prosecution naturally aroused the enmity 
of Rice and we thought this would prevent 
Iutii fi bi swindlin 

il ome of the \. F. "i I,., bul in thi 

Since thai time we have eiveil nu- 
merous complaints from both solicitors and 

sements which w< n reed to be 
printed but which never appeared in 
"American Federationist, " also of dona- 
tions bein r tho A mi rican Fed- 
eration "i Lai oi . and n bile < hi e 

committeed by several different i pie, tin' 

majority of them i i h eed t" 

this man < 

Every opportunity was taken .nUnntage 

i by him and those who afterwards became 

dated with him to use t tic name of the 

American Federation of Labor and its 

prestige to secure monej I i business 


In the year 190] Rice visited the < it\ 
of Scranton and became acquainted with 
some local labor men and made arrangements 
with them to buy the privilege of publish- 
ing and issuing an official book for the Cen- 
tral Labor Union of that city. After ar- 
rangements were made he proceeded to New- 
York and interested a publisher with whom 
he was formerly associated, and the two 
eded to Scranton and made an agree- 
ment to publish and issue a souvenir pub- 
lication for the Centra] Labor Union of 
Scranton. But instead of issuing and pub- 
lishing a souvenir for that body they 
arranged a prospectus for the souvenir, not 
for the Central Labor Union of Scranton, 
but for the Convention of the American 
Federation of Labor, as this convention was 
to be held in the city of Scranton in Decem- 
ber of that year. The prospectus read : 
"Convention Souvenir, American Federa- 
tion of Labor," and on the cover was a 
reproduction of our eight hour badge, used 
as a seal. On the title page was "Con- 
vention Souvenir. American Federation of 
Labor, issued for the Twenty-first Annaul 
Convention. 1901." 

The photographs of the members of our 
Executive Council, including, myself, were 
used in the pn The official letter- 

head of the American Federation of Labor 
was counterfeited: the names of all of the 

Executive OfBci \ F. ..i i„ wore 

printed thereon and s credential »ns writ 

a on iiiis fraudulent official letter bead re 

ting advertii i men! to be published in 

the alleged official Bouvenit of the then 

Eortl ming convention of the American 

Federation of Labor. Advertisements and 
donations were solicited in the mime of tho 
American Federation of Labor throughout 
tho United States by Rice and others. 
Those matters were brought to my attention 
on November 2G, 1901. 1 mailed B circular 
lettei in n MTV large number of business 
men. In that circular I called attention to 
the fraudulent or unauthorized publications 
assumed to be issued in the name of the 
rican Federation of Labor. This course 
was pursued in order to protect the good 
name and interest of our Federation as well 
o protect the business public. 
As a result of this circular I received nu- 
merous letters from firms throughout the 
United States informing me that donations, 
•riptioos, book-orders and advertise- 
ments had been solicited upon the claim 
that the funds were to go into the treasury 
of the American Federation of Labor, and 
that the names of Secretary Morrison and 
myself had been used in those solicitations. 
The result of the circular was that several 
linns refused to pay for the advertisements, 
the contracts for which were obtained under 
false pretenses. Several of these firms sent 
to us duplicates of the contracts which they 
had issued as well as stating that the so- 
licitations was for the American Federation 
of Labor. The blank contracts stated that 
this souvenir was for the "Twenty-first 
Annual Convention of the American Fed- 
eration of Labor. ' ' 

The very forgeries of the names of Sec- 
retary Morrison, members of the Executive 
Council and myself, the counterfeit letter- 
heads, with our names forged or fraudu- 
lently reproduced for the purpose of swind- 
ling business men, is now being used oy the 
National Association of Manufacturers, to 
whom evidently Eice gave the copies as re- 
flecting upon our conduct. His own villainy 
be now has hoodwinked the willing manu- 
facturers who gladly would jump at any- 
thing to try to destroy the characters of 
the men in the labor movement into the 
belief that it reflects upon us. 

This, circular also resulted in a quarrel 


between Eiee and the promotor through 
which it was discovered that Eice had been 
swindling the promotor also. He secured a 
check for $50.00 from Kimbach and 
Weichel of Scranton, endorsed and cashed 
' the same and retained the money obtained 
thereon. From that on he started on to 
secure all the money he could before the 
promoter had an opportunity to collect. 

When our convention took place in Scran- 
ton, Pa., in 1901, a souvenir book which 
had the appearance in every way of being 
a book published by the American Federa- 
tion of Labor was distributed at the Con- 
vention as an official souvenir of the Amer- 
ican Federation of Labor. I laid this and 
all evidence secured, together with the pros- 
pectus, credentials, contracts, receipts, let- 
ters of firms as well as cancelled checks 
made out to the American Federation of 
Labor before the Executive Council in the 
city of Scranton and I recommended that 
action be taken to prevent this man Eice 
and his promoter and others of his kind 
from swindling people in the name of 
American Federation of Labor. You will 
find the result of this in the official pro- 
ceedings of the Scranton Convention adopt- 
ed- on December 14, 1901, on the recom- 
mendation of the Committee on Executive 
Council 'a report under the head of ' ' De- 
ceptive Publications, ' ' a denunciation of 
this souvenir and those connected with it; 
also a clause prohibiting central labor 
unions from issuing or publishing any 
souvenir publication for any convention, of 
the American Federation of Labor or for 
any other purpose, if the convention of the 
American Federation of Labor is held in 
the said city the year of said issue. These 
resolutions were endorsed by the eommitee 
and unanimously adopted by the convention, 
and for years a warning containing these 
resolutions has been published in the 
"American Federationist "" with every 

After the convention adjourned Eice se- 
cured a number of the books which had 
been printed and distributed at the Scran- 
ton Convention and on his own account se- 
cured advertisements from a number of 
firms from whom he could not get the ad- 
vance payments, had them printed in a 
couple of pages and inserted them in the 
book and collected the money and checks in 

Stye GLnvptnUx 

the name of the American Federation of 
Labor. Among the firms thus fleeced were: 

Pleischman Baker Company, New York. 

Ebling Brewing Company, New York. 

Eckhart Brothers of Bridgeport. 

Central Park Brewing ' Company of New 

Eockford Bread Co. of New York. 

Lewis Nickson, leader of Tammany Hall. 

Ivans, Frank & Co. of New York. 

Brockendorfer Typewriter Company, Stam- 
ford, Conn. 

I have in my possession the receipts 
signed by Eice, which are subject to your 
scrutiny and disposition. Henry Eice later 
secured further ocntraets for advertisements 
in the souvenir book already published, 
later inserted additional pages of adver- 
tisements in the souvenir. The names of 
the firms which he thus swindled are as 
follows : 
Ohio Ceramic Engineering Company, 

56 Fall street, Cleveland, O $ 15.00 

Norcross Co., February, 1902, Cleve- 
land, 5.00 

City Foundry Co., February 14, 1902, 

Cleveland, 25.00 

Born Steel Range Co., January 6, 1902, 

Cleveland, 20.00 

Kilby Mfg. Co., Lake and Kirtland Sts., 
, January 13, 1902, Cleveland, O.... 30.00 
Garrett Cromwell Engineering Com- 
pany, January 7, 1902, Cleveland, O. 30.00 
S. Buhrer No. 6S Medwin street, Janu- 
ary 17, 1902, Cleveland, 15.00 

Chisholm & Moore Mfg. Co., Lake and 

Kirkland streets, January S, 1902 . . . 30.00 
Webster, Camp and Lane Co., Akron, 

O., January 8, 1902 25.00 

Dayton Malleable Iron Co., Dayton, 0., 

January 7, 1902 60.00 

John Charles & Co., Pittsburg, Pa., 

January 14, 1902 10.00. 

Stoddard Mfg. Co., Dayton, O., Febru- 
ary 8, 1902 30.00 

Mead Paper Co., Dayton, O.. January 

14, 1902 15.00 

Curtice Bros.' Co., Rochester, N. Y., 

January 14, 1902 30.00 

Goodell-Pratt Co., Greenfield. Mass., 

January 22, 1902 50.00 

Phoenix Foundry Co., .3020 Liberty 
avenue, Pittsburg, Pa., January 12, 


Aultman Miller & Co., Akron, 60.00 

Owen Machine Tool Co., Springfield. O. 60.00 

Akron Foundry Co.. Akron, 30.00 

National Cash Register Co., Dayton, O. 100.00 . 

I have in my possession all of the can- 
celled cheeks which were used in the pay- 
ment of ■ the above, the envelopes in which 
they were mailed as well as letters and 
documents from the firms which paid those 

ulljr (Earyrutrr 

I bave the incriminating letters of Rice 
Mini :i labor man of Pennsylvania whom he 
duped in fraudulently issuing a fake 

Tiir for thi iveution. Thej an 

Ikti' for y.'nr inspection. During the time 
that Bice was prosecuting the work of gel 
ting out a publication for the Pennsyh 
State Federation of Labor thai had no! yet 

1 n formed, he immediately Btarted in in 

swindle his new partner and about Hie be- 
ginning df April forged Hie name of 
Mathew Quay, Senator oC Pennsylvania, for 
i contract of $200.00, sent the same to his 

Rici 'si partner and obtained his commis- 
sion therewith. When an advance copy of 
the book was issued limn it was a struggle 
between the said Hire anil the party to 
whom the contracts were to be paid, naming 
his partner who paid the commission there- 
on, as to whom would get the money due on 
the contracts. It is sufficient to say that 
Rice, being an expert in that line, carried 
off most of the money. Not only that, he 
left a bill due for the printing of the book 
out of which he swindled the Tribune Pub- 
lishing Company of Scranton, to the amount 
of $185.00. The bill is now in my posses- 
sion and is dated May 1, 1902. The bill 
had never been paid by Eice, but had to 
be made good through the new organiza- 

I might say another word in regard to 
this man before I reach the other paragraph 
and that is that had he the ability to 
swindle me, and it is not difficult perhaps, 
to do that because those who know me, 
know I have not a very great turn of mind 
toward financial affairs and the administra- 
tion of financial affairs. But I want you 
to know this. At the convention in Denver 
in 1894, Mr. John McBride was elected 
President and my term expired immediate- 
ly. Before going to Denver, Henry Bice 
told me he had a gTeat venture in his new 
publishing operations; that he was going to 
be good and honest and straightforward, 
and wanted to have an opportunity to have 
a new start, and he wheedled out of me 
every dollar I owned in the world, the scrap- 
ings and hoardings of my wife for years. I 
turned it over to him in the hope of helping 
him and when I came back from the Denver 
Convention to my home in New York, Rice 
in the meantime having engaged Herr 
Johann Most as a play actor to star in a 

play called " Der Weber" (The Weaver) 
and organized a company, lie Inst, every 
dollar of his nun and the few pennies I 
had. So far as I am concorned I did aot 
know he was going to invest in such a 
.lam fool transaction nr at least I might 
have been on to that job. 

In this entire matter it is sufficient to say 
that i" prevent further imposition upon and 
swindling in the name of the different 
state Federations throughout the country 
by either Rice or others of his kind, I v rote 
to the secretaries of the different state 
Federations throughout the United States 
warning them of Rice and his like. 

At the following conventions of the State 
Federation of the State of Pennsylvania, in 
March, 1903, this whole matter was investi- 
gated by a committee of said organization 
basing their investigation upon a letter 
from me to them calling attention to the 
swindling that was being conducted by the 
use of the name of the different labor or- 
ganizations, and asking them to lend their 
aid to prevent its recurrence. The conven- 
tion adopted resolutions, exposing the fraud 
in which Mr. Henry Rice figured and pro- 
hibiting the use of the name of the State 
Federation from being used for the pub- 
lishing or issuing of any souvenirs. 

Realizing the difficulty it would be to 
get business men to prosecute Rice or the 
different promoters with whom he was con- 
nected and desiring to secure competent tes- 
timony of the conspiracy upon which the 
American Federation of Labor as such 
could begin prosecution, attorneys were con- 
sulted, who advised that inasmuch as all 
of the original swindlers in this case as 
well as other cases, were quarreling among 
themselves it would be wisest to secure in- 
formation from the various sources possible 
and use one • against the other. This re- 
sulted in securing the letters, documents, 
receipts and forged checks, which I have 

While this was in progress, Henry Rice 
was employed as a solicitor for the Ohio 
Federation of Labor publication. He se- 
cured checks from the following firms and 
forged the name of the Ohio Federation of 
"Labor, cashed the checks and retained the 
money for his own use. 

Altman Publishing Co.. Mansfield, O... $50.00 

Christy Knife Co.. Fremont, 15.00 


.George W. Harding, lieutenant-governor 

of Ohio 40.00 

Star Iron Works, Lima, O. 10.00 

Norris Christian Lime and Stone Co . . . 25.00 

Diestil Werner, Lima, 40.00 

The Gem Shirt Co., Dayton, 25.00 

The Dayton Specialty Co., Dayton, O.. 20.00 

Buckeye Varnish Co., Toledo, 15.00 

The World Co., Newark, O . 25.00 

The Hampton Watch Co 25.00 

This evidence is also at your disposition. 
Since 1904, warrants have been out, issued 
by the authorities in Ohio for Eice for these 
crimes. Up to date they have been unable 
to serve the same upon Eice. 

About this time Eice was also selling 
whiskey for a firm called the Firth Com- 
pany, 252 Pearl St., New York City. Mr. 
Firth, who was employed by the Trow Di- 
rectory at 11th St. and 3rd avenue, was 
personally acquainted with Eice, who in- 
duced him while conducting his work in 
the printing shop of Trow's Directory, to 
invest in whiskey, and pack it in a union 
box and place the union label thereon and 
call it a union whiskey. The same was 
named "The Eight Whiskey." Mr. Firth 
invested his savings in this new enterprise 
and Eice became its salesman. Many cases 
.of this whiskey were sold. Eice collected 
for the same and retained the money and 
put the Firth Company out of business. 

After ruining the Firth Company, Eice 
went to work for the Hamburger Company, 
86 Michigan Ave., Chicago, 111., and I de- 
sire here to quote from a letter of that 
company regarding Eice under date of 
April 24, 1905: 

"We take this opportunity to tell you 
that your report of Mr. Henry Eice is abso- 
lutely correct, • only you did not say enough 
about him. This man absconded owing us 
a little money, and if you have heard of his 
whereabouts, you will confer a favor by 
advising us promptly. ' ' 

The Hamburger Company was advised to 
secure a warrant for Eice and under date 
of May 5, 1.905, wrote as follows: 

"In reference to Henry Eice, we at once 
took the matter up with our attorneys. We 
believe we shall follow the course indicated 
in your letter and have him indicted by the 
Grand Jury of this county." 

These are two states from which Eice 
steers clear. • 

The Pennsylvania Federation of Labor at 
its second meeting insisted that no further 

souvernirs should be published in its name 
but Eice still continued to collect money in 
the name of the Pennsylvania State Federa- 
tion of Labor, even as late as January, 
1904. In that year he fraudulently col- 
lected $50.00 from Mr. Simon, of the Simon 
Silk Company, of Easton, Pa. The officers 
of the Pennsylvania State Federation of 
Labor on or about May 7, 1904, sent a cir- 
cular to all business people they could 
reach in Pennsylvania, warning them 
against Eice, and also stating that they did 
not authorize the use of their name for any 
books or publications of any character, or 
authorized anybody to solicit subscriptions 
or donations in their name. 

A number of further swindles of this 
character could be enumerated, but it is un- 
necessary to go further. Sufficient to say 
that as late as this fall he has swindled a 
number of business people in the name of 
the Central Federated Union of New York, 
one of them being the Brooklyn Eagle, of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

From time to time my colleagues of the 
Executive Council, our organizers and I 
lent whatever aid , we could to the prosecu- 
tion of frauds who secured money whether 
in the name of the American Federation of 
Labor or that of any other labor organiza- 
tion. We succeeded in sending several 
swindlers to jail, among them George Mar- 
tin, Eichard Cooney, George Maekey, James 

There is at our instance at the present 
time a man by the name of Eeilly in New 
York City under arrest, awaiting trial for 
the fradulent use of the name of the Amer- 
ican Federation of Labor. 

I have found by experience that the great 
difficulty in obtaining the conviction of 
swindlers is that business men too often re- 
fuse to give us their co-operation and sup- 
port, even to act as witnesses, much less to 
appear as complainants. 

Now I want to call your attention to the 
fact that upon the testimony of a creature 
such as Eice, of whose record I have given 
you but just a faint outline rather than 
the actual full facts of his rascality, the 
character of the men in the labor move- 
ment is sought to be destroyed. 

Let me call your attention to how careful 
I have tried to be in the affairs of our 
Federation. In issuing a credential to a 

(Ulir (Uarpnttcr 

solicitor, the request is made for an inter 
\ii'» in which the ! : ■■ publication 

• t' the "American Federatiouist ' maj b< 
set forth and then the credentials which the 

itor hopes to present to the bui I ni 
men stales this: "Agent! are not author- 

or allowed to a >pt i •: i J 

kind. Ml contracts should be made upon 
the official blanks of the American Federa 
tion of Labor." I hold a copy of tliis in 
my hand. It says: "All payments should 
be made by .'heck to the Secretary of the 
American Federation of Labor and mailed 
to this office direct." And then this fol- 
lows: "No donations of any character are 

eepted." Signed by Frank Morrison as 
and myself as President, with the 
seal of the American Federation of Labor 
attar 1 

'or advertising is printed, 
and 1 '■■ anl to read it to you : 

1 present this document to you to show 
that any solicitation for advertisements 
must be upon the merits of the "American 
!'. erationist" as an advertising medium. 

At this time it may also be appropriate 
ti> say that the instructions to our adver- 
tising manager has been that no other pub- 
ion bona fide in character, whether of 
an international union or a central body in 
any city or town, must be referred to ex- 
wit h respect, no matter what its posi- 
tion or its attitude. I know that that has 
been religiously followed. 

And now what follows records the story 
of the deepest degration and maliciousness 
on the part of the National Association of 

President Gompers here goes on to say 
that previous to this convention he visited 
Xew York City for the purpose of holding 
a conference with the representatives of the 
Structural Building Trades Alliance and 
that while there, a representative of the 
National Manufacturers' Association, by 
name. Erandenburg, made overtures to him 
to resign as President of the American 
Federation of Labor in a few months after 
the adjournment of the Norfolk Convention, 
and that he would be taken care of finan- 
cially for the balance of his life. To sub- 
stantiate these statements he has in his 
possession, telegrams, documents and letters 
sent bim by the representative who engi- 
neered the deal. He says: 

There is in my possession further infor- 

matlon of the ramifications and machina- 
te National Association i I I 
i [its. their detective agi bi i iiieir 

auxiliary companies, and the reptile I 

lings who nre employed to the 

character of the men of labor and thei 
hope to weaken or destroy the labor move 

ment of our country. All that I now desire 

to add is that there is aol a Bcintilla of 
truth in anything published or which can 
be published by the National Association of 
Manufacturers or their hireling, which in 
any way can reflect upon the integrity, the 
morality or the honesty of myself, and I 
have an abiding faith they can not do so 
of any one member of the executive council 
of tho American Federation of Labor. I 
defy our enemies to do their worst. 

I could stand before you another hour 
and tell of these things. I could tell you 
of men, whose names have been given, who 
are in the employ of the labor organiza- 
tions as business agents and officers who are 
also rh the pay of the Farleys, the Farrells, 
and this Century Syndicate, all of them 
either agents of the National Manufac- 
turers' Association or auxiliaries and com 
panies formed by them for the purpose of 
destroying the men in the labor movement. 
In all the history of the labor movement 
in any country on the face of the globe 
in all the world, I do not believe that any 
coterie of the miserable representatives of 
the capitalistic class have been so cruel, so 
brutal, so malign and conscienceless as these 
Van Cleave hirelings have shown themselves 
to be. 


Owing to the fact that the Building 
Trades are so divided and have been for 
years past, several conferences were held 
during the Convention by the representa- 
tives of Building Trades Organizations for 
the purpose, if possible, of arriving at some 
solution of the question whereby the Build- 
ing Trades might be united under one head 
for the purpose of conducting their own 
affairs and looking after their own interests. 
Knowing that the National Building Trades 
Council was a failure and the National and 
International Organization of the Building 
Trades did not give the support and en- 
couragement to the Structural Building 
Trades Alliance that they should, and that 
the Building Trades Sections of the Cen- 


tral Labor Unions are also failures, it was 
plainly apparent and evident something 
must be done to cement the forces of the 
Building Trades in one solid, compact body, 
in order to be in a position to maintain 
their rights and oppose any invasion made 
on them in any way by the Employers' As- 
sociation. This matter was referred to the 
Building Trades' Committee and after due 
deliberation and careful consideration, that 
body reported as follows: 

We, your Building Trades' Committee, 
acting upon the suggestion offered by our 
President in his annual report under the 
caption of ' ' Building Trades Organiza- 
tions, " and also upon the many suggestions 
offered from different trades, and realizing 
the absolute necessity of a closer affiliation 
of that branch of our movement, have had 
several meetings of all the buildings trades 
delegates and are authorized to present for 
your careful consideration, this plan of a 
closer affiliation. In presenting it to you, 
fellow delegates, we feel sure that you, too, 
like ourselves must realize that at this time 
especially, when from all parts of the coun- 
try comes the cry of that misnomer ' ' open 
shop, ' ' and refreshing your mind with the 
infamous methods that are being employed 
by our opponents to divide and disrupt our 
forces, some method to better cement our 
building trades is absolutely necessary. 

Our plan, should you grant us the privi- 
lege of adopting it, would make it possible 
. that for the first time in the history of this 
magnificent organization, the building 
trades could be brought to a complete unifi- 
cation under the peerless banner of the A. 
F. of L. As no dissenting voice has been 
heard among the building trades delegates, 
as it was emanated from them, and not 
from your committee; as the other building 
trades not now affiliated with this body, 
have also expressed their desire to see it 
go into effect, we feel that we are not ask- 
ing too much of you to assist us in placing 
ourselves in a position where we can present 
to our opponents an unbroken front, and 
say to them, when occasion requires, ' ' An 
injury to one is the concern of all. ' ' 

We find that in accordance with the 
recommendation of the Executive Council, 
relative to a conference held between sub- 
committee representing the Executive Coun- 
cil and the Structural Building Trades Al- 

liance, the committee, having given the sub- 
ject its earnest consideration, and believ- 
ing it to be to the best interest of the labor 
movement in general, that it be under one 
head; we, therefore, recommend to the 27th 
Annual Convention that a department of 
building trades of the A. F. of L., be 
created, said department to , be char- 
tered by the A. F. of L. to be com- 
posed of bona fide National and Inter- 
national Building Trades Organizations, 
duly chartered as such by the A. F. of L., 
and to be given autonomy over the build- 
ing trades with authority to issue charters 
to local building trades sections. Said sec- 
tions and central body to be affiliated to 
the A. F. of L., to be composed of bona fide 
local unions and' recognized as such in the 
building trades. 

We further recommend that all Local 
Unions of the B. T. S. shall be affiliated 
with central bodies of the A. F. of L. 

In accordance with the instructions of the 
General Executive Board at last meeting 
of that body held in October, 1907, at In- 
dianapolis, we introduced the following res- 
olutions asking exemption from paying tax 
to the A. F. of L. on our Canadian mem- 

Whereas, The Trades and Labor Congress of 
Canada, within the past few years, petitioned 
the Local Unions of the United Brotherhood of 
Carpenters and Joiners of America in Canada 
to correspond with the home office in the 
United States requesting that the per capita, 
tax be paid direct' by the home office to the 1 
Trades and Labor Congress on our Canadian-; 
membership, and 

Whereas, Said congress, through its official 
secretary-treasurer, P. M. Draper, also peti- 
tioned our last general convention, held in 
Niagara Falls, N. Y., September 17 to 2S, 1906, 
to pay per capita tax direct from our inter- 
national office to the Trades and Labor Con- 
gress on our Canadian membership, and 

Whereas, Said request .was granted in ac- 
cordance with the recommendation of the 
Executive Council of the American Federation 
of Labor, and we are now paying tax on our 
membership in Canada to the Dominion 
Trades and Labor Congress, as well as to the 
American Federation of Labor ; therefore, he 

Resolved, That the United Brotherhood of 
Carpenters and Joiners of America be exempt 
from paying per capita tax to the American 
Federation of Labor on its Canadian member- 
ship, as it is unfair to be called upon to pay 
more than once on our membership, or any 
part thereof. 

ulljr (Earyrutrr 

The cotnmittco on resolutions to whom 
this u:i^ referred reported unfavorably. This 
brought out quite b discussion in which il 
was Bhowij that the payment "i tax to the 
i anadian Trades and Labor Congress by 
National and International organizations 
was a voluntary act on their part and not 
compulsory at all. Whereas: The laws of 
the A. F. of 0. call for tax on tho full 
membership of each organization affiliated 
and is therefore compulsory. 

The report of the committee was con- 
curred in. 


Several resolutions were introduced ask- 
ing that the charter of the Brewery Work- 
ers be restored, all of which were referred 
to the Adjustment Committee. When the 
question came up on the floor of the Con- 
vention it was thoroughly thrashed out in 
detail. The representatives of the Brewery 
Workers were given the privilege of the 
floor, and every courtesy offered them while 
making their statement. After a lengthy 
and animated debate, President Gompers 
offered the following resolutions, which 
were carried by a large majority: 

Resolved. That the charter of the Interna- 
tional Union of Brewery Workers be. and the 
same is, hereby ordered to be restored. 

Resolved, That the restoration of the 
Brewery Workers' Charter In no way alters or 
modifies the declarations and decisions of the 
American Federation of Labor In regard to 
the jurisdiction claims of the International 
Union of Steam Engineers, the Brotherhood of 
Stationary Firemen, the International Brother- 
hood of Teamsters and the International Union 
of Brewery Workers, hut, on the contrary, are 
hereby reaffirmed. 

Resolved, That within ninety days after the 
close of this convention a conference shall be 
held at the headquarters of "the American Fed- 
eration of Labor, the conference to consist of 
three representatives of the International 
Brewery Workers, one from the International 
Engineers, one from the Brotherhood of Fire- 
men, one from the Brotherhood of Teamsters 
and one member of the Executive Council, the 
conference to endeavor to effect an agreement 
regarding jurisdiction, harmony and co-opera- 
tion of action of the organization in interest 
and for the protection and promotion of the 
interests of the workers employed in and by 

Resolved. That In the event of an agreement 
or a tentative agreement, being reached the 
officers of the organizations named shall sub- 
mit the same to their respective International 
Unions for ratification under the supervision 
of the representative of the executive council, 

who shall, in Hint circular, urge lis ratifica- 
tion and give big reasoni therefor. 

Hi olvi d, rhal ii the i ie shall fall 

to reach an agreement tin Executive Council 
Is hereby authorized and directed to Impose 

bui ii dlscipl Ina i\ punl il ol upon ti 

ganlzatlos responsible tor Buch failure nH the 
"•■in "t ii". executive council ma; direct. 
\ nr Local I'niims have been circular- 
izi'd within the past tew months by the 
labor organizations of Los Angeles, Cal., 
asking that, action be taken by the Amer- 
ican Federation of Labor to raise funds by 
means of assessments of one cent per mem- 
ber |"i month for twelve months for the 
purpose of reorganizing, so as to be in a po- 
sition to fight the open (non-union) shop. 
W e believe the resolutions on this matter 
■ i in I the action of the Convention should 
I r ii|iiulii| mi fully by us. For that pur- 
posej we herewith quote the resolutions 
pi esented: 

Whereas, The Los Angeles Times, having se- 
cured th?» unlimited financial backing of the 
American Manufacturers 1 Association and the 
kindred hostile organizations "f capital, Is to- 
day, under the pretense of being the lenilhu' 
exponent of the so-called "open shop," Indeed 
the most unfair, unscrupulous and malignant 
enemy of organized labor In American, and 

Whereas. The Los Angeles Times Is con- 
centratlng all Its energies to disrupt the unions 
of Los Angeles, and unless strenuously re- 
sisted and checked, will destroy not only the 
organization of labor, but also crush the spirit 
of the workers for justice and right, and would 
befoul the good name and honor of Los Angeles 
and make of It the breeding place for strlke- 
breakers of all crafts and trades, and 

Whereas. All thinkers and observers accord 
to labor organizations the honor and credit 
of being the real factors in the advancement 
and improvement of the condition of the 
laboring classes, not only of Los Angeles, but 
of the entire country : we recognize the tactics 
of the Los Angeles Times and Its cohorts In 
attempting the annihilation of the organiza- 
tions of labor, first with the prime object of 
reducing wages, imposing their will as mas- 
ters and tearing down the American standard 
of life of America's workers, and 

Whereas, The International Typographical 
Union, having expended more than fifty thou- 
sand dollars in Los Angeles in defending the 
cause of labor from the vicious attacks of the 
Los Angeles Times and the Citizens' Alliance, 
now believes this struggle in Los Angeles has 
become national in its scope, vitally affecting 
all labor, and that It should therefore be 
financed and carried on by America's labor 
movement, through its recognized head, the 
American Federation of Labor ; therefore, be 

Resolved, That each and every organization 


affiliated with the American Federation of 
Labor be requested and urged to levy an 
assessment of one cent per month per member 
for a period of one year or make appropriation 
equivalent thereto, and that these moneys shall 
be transmitted to the secretary of the Amer- 
ican Federation of Labor and accounted for 
by him in a separate fund ; and, be it 

Resolved, That all moneys received from 
said assessments, appropriations and dona- 
tions shall be held as a "Los Angeles Fund" 
and shall be flisbursed for the protection of 
the interests of labor in Los Angeles, and for 
no other purpose, in such manner that in the 
opinion of the executive council of the Amer- 
ican Federation of Labor shall redound to the 
welfare of the toilers of Los Angeles and the 
assertion and the maintenance of their rights 
and interests. 

Resolved, That the movement contemplated 
by these resolutions shall be conducted by a 
representative of the American Federation of 
labor, who shall be appointed by and be under 
the immediate supervision of the president of 
the American Federation of Labor, with the 
consent and advice of the executive council. 

The committee, to whom this matter was 
referred, reported as follows: 

Your committee concurs in the spirit and 
intent of this resolution and recommends 
that one special assessment of one cent per 
capita be levied to combat the work of the 
Manufacturers' Association in Los Angeles 
and other places where similar conditions 

Your committee further recommends that 
all national and international organizations 
directly interested in this situation send one 
or more organizers as per the advice of the 
executive council of the American Federa- 
tion of Labor, to successfully prosecute the 
work necessary to ultimately organize the 
workers of Los Angeles and other places 
where like conditions exist. 

The old officers were re-elected without 
opposition and Denver, Colorado, selected 
as the city in which to hold the convention 
in the year 1908. 

Respectfully submitted, 








©Iff (Unvpmtvx 

Unionists Can Be Fined Legally. 

It has become a common occurrence for 
corporation-tied attorneys and weak-kneed 
writers for some daily papers to assert that 
unions have no legal right to discipline 
members of the union for violations of 
their obligation, and in several recent 
cases judges have imposed fines on unions 
and the officials for denying violators of 
their laws the right of re-admission until 
fines placed on them have been settled, 
says the Labor Review. However, the re- 
cent decision of Judge Gaskill of the Mas- 
sachusetts Superior Court, defining clearly 
the rights of unions to fine members, is 
being given wide circulation, much to the 
disgust of those who would like to make 
the people believe that trades unions are 
composed of the worst that afflicts society. 
This decision will have the effect of in- 
ducing many members of trades unions to 
have a higher conception of the obliga- 
tions they assume when joining a labor 
union, and will in all probability regard 
their word of honor differently hereafter. 
Following is the dispatch announcing the 

' ' One of the most sweeping labor deci- 
sions rendered in Massachusetts was hand- 
ed down recently by Judge Gaskill of the 
Superior Court of Boston, Mass. He holds 
that a labor union has a right to fine any 
member who does not accede to the de- 
mands of the union and quit work in an 
establishment where a strike is in prog- 
ress. ' ' — Organized Labor. 

Unfair Stove Firms 

The following stove firms are unfair 
with the Stove Mounters' and Steel Range 
Workers' International Union and their 
products are objectionable to organized la- 

Buckwalter & Co., Continental Stove 
Works, Floid, Wells & Co., Grander Stove 
Co., all of Royersford, Pa. 

March-Brownback & Co. of Pittston, 

Orr, Painter & Co., Reading Stove 
Works, Prizer-Painter Stove & Heater Co., 
of Reading, Pa. 

The Keeley Stove Co. of Columbia, Pa. 



From advices received by our Local 
Union 225, Knoxville, Tenn., the Hammack 
Steel Range Co. of that city is entirely fair 
in all its dealings with organized labor. 

Carl Young. 

At the time I wrote my last report l was 
in Baj City, Mich., looking after tin' inter- 
of Ei. U. 116, and «:is called home on 
account of the serious illness in my, family. 
Before my return to Michigan, 1 was called 
to Rockford, 111., to consolidate Local L535 
with Local 792. This was in full accord 
with my plans of las! spring, and I am 
much pleased with the result. It will plaeo 
our boys in a much better position than they 
have occupied for sometime past. After 
ling the membership and checking 
tip tlie accounts, we held a very enthusiastic 
meeting at which myself and Brother Win. 
I . Terry, organizer for the A. P. of L., 
delivered an address. Brother Terry's 
talk was well received, and his remarks were 
full of good advice, which, if followed, will 
prove of lasting benefit to our Local. On 
the whole, I think this was the best meet- 
ing our boys have held in that city for 
many months. The spirit of harmony now 
prevails and Local 792 should have the am- 
bition to be the best in Illinois. I again 
returned to Bay City, determined, if pos- 
, to bring the bosses to time on their 
blacklisting scheme. But, owing to the fact 
it is impossible to secure either a 
printed or written list, and that the attor- 
neys of that city do not care to handle a 
case for a labor union, and believing as 
they do, that the judiciary is opposed to or 
prejudiced against organized labor, it has 
1 een impossible to accomplish anything at 
this time. If we succeed in this matter it 
will be necessary to employ an outside at- 
torney to handle it. These men should be 
prosecuted to the full extent of the law, and 
I am assured by the G. 0. that the matter 
will be taken up a little later and forced to 
a successful conclusion. 

I nest visited Local 1373 at Flint. This 
is a new local and has among its member- 
ship a number of men who are exceedingly 
earnest for its welfare. We held a well- 
attended open meeting and we succeeded 

in securing Beveral applications. Much 
work yot remains to be done here, a 

Local is not strung, and i Li ion i very 

unfavorable. With a strong Local, i ondi 
can be materially improved. 

i 1 1 ■ ■ v i visited Local 1132, at Alpena, 
which I found in excellent condition so far 
as membership is concerned. The regular 
meeting not taking place the day of my 
visit, and being unable to secure a ball, wo 
1 1 ill not hold any meeting. However, 1 
a number of the boys, and learn that their 
membership includes all of the carpenters 
in the city except 6 or 8, and this places 
them iff a position to control all of the 
work. Their per centage of membership in 
good standing is, in my opinion, far above 
the average, as nearly every member is in 
good standing. They accomplish this by 
holding a social session at each quarterly 
meeting, at which refreshments or cigars 
are served, which assures a good attendance. 
The Local is run on strictly business prin- 
ciples, and good interest is shown by the 
members. I believe if more of our Locals 
would adopt this social feature that have 
proven so successful in 1132, that the per 
centage of members in arrears would be 
materially reduced and our Brotherhood 
strengthened accordingly. It is worth try- 
ing, and I hope to see many Locals adopt 
this method. 

I next visited Local 1095, at Cheboygan. 
We had a meeting of the Local, which was 
fairly well attended. I find about 50 per 
cent, of the carpenters here are members 
of the Local, and with the other 50 per 
cent, standing out, it has been impossible to 
secure the conditions to which our boys are 
entitled. This seems to be a mecca for 
men who can not secure work in organized 
cities. We are in need of a more thorough 
arganization here, but owing to the climatic 
conditions it would be impractical at this 
time. I think good work could be done in 
the spring. At present there is very little 
work going on, and many of our members 


are idle. The Local is contemplating* a 
movement to secure a nine hour work-day 
next year and I earnestly hope they will 
succeed, as they are deserving of better con- 
ditions, both as to hours and wages. 

The "Wall street Disease" has hit this 
part of the country pretty hard, and with 
the scarcity of work and the present high 
price of living, I am afraid many hardships 
will have to be endured before the violets 
bloom again. 

♦ »> ♦ 

W. J. Shields. 

Following is a brief synopsis of a few of 
the most important cases receiving my at- 
tention during the month. Through orders 
of the G. P. I. went to Lawrence to investi- 
gate a grievance ease, the said case repre- 
sented the diverting of the mind force from 
the legitimate work of the unions to the 
taking sides in this matter of small import; 
that is, when contrasted with the needs as 
represented in the times we are passing 
through. The organization is in fairly good 
shape traceable to the good care as exer- 
cised by the managing force. Our Brookline 
membership held an important educational 
meeting which was splendidly patronized. 
Mr. Bobbins of Chicago was the principal 
speaker and it was generally agreed that 
his speech represented as strong a defence 
of the labor question as we of this section 
were ever privileged to listen to. The con- 
dition of organization in Brookline is top 
notch. Business in the building line is poor. 
Local 386, Dorchester held a most interest- 
ing anniversary meeting. There was a list 
of interesting speakers also music and en- 
tertainment of a varied character. Lunch 
was served consisting of ice cream and cake, 
and during the intermission the male part 
of the audience were served with a nice 
cigar. The spacious hall was filled to over- 
flowing and the unaimous sentiment was 
that all had been splendidly entertained. 
Our interests are well protected in Dorches- 
ter by this membership. Business is flat in 
. the section and will continue so until spring. 
The Middlesex, D. C, gave a surprise 
meeting to Local 885 of Woburn. All 
preparations were made and entered into by 
delegates of the D. C. and executed by them. 
There was a long list of speakers and the 
subject was, "How Best to Maintain the 

5ty? (tlntpmtn 

Present Compact Organization. ' ' The dis- 
trict is not only well organized, but also 
well managed. This meeting was well at- 
tended, delegations from every local in this 
section being present. It was an enjoyable 
evening and so agreed to by all present. 

Athol held an educational meeting under 
the auspices of the C. L. U. It was con- 
ceded as being the greatest labor demonstra- 
tion ever held in the town. Fully one thou- 
sand attended. The speakers included the 
local Methodist clergyman and representa- 
tives of the machinists and carpenters. A ■ 
brass band was in attendance. The audience 
was very attentive, staying until the 
finish. In every way the meeting was 
voted a grand success. 

Newburyport held an enjoyable open 
meeting, the purpose being to stimulate 
the union 's growth. A program of a mixed 
character was gone through after which a 
lunch was served and cigars passed around. 
Delegations from Haverhill and Amesbury 
were present. The meeting adjourned with 
the feeling that the evening had been well 

Worcester was visited as per order of 
the G. P. on a matter of non-union men in 
the employ of one of the principal building 
concerns of that city. I feel safe in saying 
that the carpenters were never better or- 
ganized and I learned during my stay that 
the managing force as represented in the 
D. C. is jealously looking after the interest 
of our organization, and while the question 
of the few non-union characters working 
side by side with the union men is aggra- 
vating, still, appreciating the times, we are • 
going through, it was thought wise to de- 
lay operation Until times would be more 

I also visited Holyoke. Never in the his- 
tory of the movement was the outside men 
better organized. There is no open shop 
on any outside job of this city, everything 
is closed. The mill situation is somewhat 
different but 40 per cent, of the mill men 
are in the local and even this nucleus seems 
indifferent to the life, of the union. In con- 
junction with delegates of the D. C. we en- 
tered into arrangements to later give some 
attention to the mill situation. 

A man will cheerfully shoulder most any 
burden but a blunder. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — All carpenters, in 
fact all building trades mechanics, arc ad- 
vised and requested to remain away from 
this city at this time. There is nothing 
doing and we arc apprehensive of trouble 
arising in the near future. 

* * ♦ 

Pittsfield, Mass. — Migrating brothers are 
urgently called upon to remain away from 
this city for the next few months. There 
is absolutely no chance for employment, 
trade is very dull and numbers of our 
home men are walking the streets. 

* * ♦ 

Gol&field, Nev. — Owing to the miners' 
strike, in progress here, and the carpenters 
being locked out, trade here is at a stand- 
still and we would ask all brothers contem- 
plating coming here to postpone the trip, 
as it would only add one more to our street 
gang and injure our cause. 

•J* <$> *!♦ 
Oklahoma City, Okla. — Owing to the 
scarcity of work in our city and having to 
take "Cashier's Scrips" instead of cash in 
payment of wages for what little work we 
do, we would advise all carpenters contem- 
plating coming here to change their itiner- 
ary and steer clear of Oklahoma City until 
better conditions obtain. 

♦ ♦ 4* 

Syracuse, N. Y. — Trade conditions here 
have been fair for some time past, at pres- 
ent, however, they are very " unsatisfactory, 
as trade has fallen off considerably and as 
a result we have a great many of our mem- 
bers walking the streets idle. Transient 
brothers are urgently advised to give this 
city a wide berth for the next few months. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Ashland, Ky.- — There is serious trouble 
pending for our Local Union in this town. 
On December 2 we received a notice from 

tin ntractors that :i ft it that date they 

would run open shops. As we are not will- 
ing to submit to this open, or nonunion, 
shop proposition, a lockout appears to be 
imminent, and we urgently call on all trav- 
eling brothers to avoid this locality until 
further notice. 

San Antonio, Tex. — It appears the fu- 
ture has nothing good in store for us, trade 
is dull and the contractors are threatening 
with a lockout of all our men, which is 
very likely to occur on January 1 of next 
year, as we shall not do the contractor's 
bidding, return to nine hours and submit 
to a cut in wages. Migrating brothers are 
warned to give this city a wide berth until 
further notice. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Galveston, Tex. — Attracted by luring 
articles, full of falsehoods as to conditions 
here that was recently published in the 
daily papers, men from all sections of the 
country have been flocking to this city for 
some time, to the extent that now we are 
flooded with idle men. All transient car- 
penters are warned to keep away from 
Galveston at this time. 

♦ ♦ -J* 

Parsons, Kans. — Trade conditions here 
are very unsatisfactory at this time and the 
financial stringency is playing havoc to 
business in general. Half of our men are 
idle and work is very slack in all the build- 
ing trades, and will remain so for the 
winter season. Transient brothers will act 
wisely by staying away from this place 
until spring trade opens up and until the 
financial situation has been relieved. 

*J» W (ft 

Phoenix, B. C, Can. — Trouble has arisen 
in our camp in the nature of a lockout, the 
mine owners having decided to reduce 
wages without consulting our unions in 
any way whatever, causing the lockout. 


Local Union 61S had an agreement with 
the mine managers to meet and discuss any 
question that should arise in regard to 
wages or other trade matters. They failed 
to keep the agreement and ignored us in 
every respect. 

* ♦ ♦ 

Wheeling, W. Va. — All traveling broth- 
ers are herby requested to steer clear of 
this city until further notice. Trade is 
dull, and the bosses are trying to force the 
open shop system upon us. Having just 
emerged from a twenty weeks' strike, which 
ended in a very unsatisfactory settlement, 
the situation here has become rather crit- 
ical. We hope the brothers will give us a 
chance to fortify our position and to regain 
lost ground by staying away. 

Sherman, Tex. — Owing to the fact that 
work has practically closed down here and 
that we have many idle men, all traveling- 
carpenters are requested to avoid this place 
for the present. Our $3.60 scale went into 
effect the 10th day of November, and 
though, as above stated, work since about 
that time has been very scarce, we are 
hopeful of success when trade conditions 
have improved. To that end brothers will 
assist us greatly and convey a great favor 
upon us by staying away from Sherman 
until further notice. 

Gary, Ind. — L. U. 985 of this place would 
warn all traveling and other brothers to 
pay no attention to advertisements for car- 
penters wanted at Gary, Ind. There are 
more than enough carpenters here to do 
all the work in this locality and numbers 
of them are walking the streets. The work 
that has been started is well under way 
at this time and will be completed long 
before the winter season is over. Transient 
brothers will do a favor to themselves as 
well as to us by giving this vicinity a 
wide berth. 

♦*♦ *♦+ *$* 

New York City. — The Master Carpen- 
ters' Association, which proposed a cut of 
50 cents per day in wages when the pres- 
ent agreement expires, has made an alter- 
native proposition. This is,, that the ban 
on handling unfair trim be taken off and 

(3% (flnrpmtn 

that the wages of the carpenters remain 
at the figure of $5 a day. Neither propo- 
sition will, however, be accepted by the 
D. G. A renewal of the agreement or no 
agreement at all and the schedule now in 
operation is the only thing the carpenters 
of this district will agree to. 

* * * 
Hartford, Conn. — Work here is almost at 
a complete standstill owing to the scarcity 
of money. We have about 200 of our mem- 
bers idle at this writing and more are be- 
ing laid off every day, while those who still 
have employment are working only 4 or 5 
days a week. There is plenty of work here 
but everything is blocked on account of the 
banks refusing to make any loans. Travel- 
ing brothers are earnestly advised to avoid 
Hartford, Conn., during the winter months 
at least, and we would request the Editor 
to place us on the ' ' dull list. ' ' 

Duluth, Minn. — The Builders' Exchange 
of this city saw fit to lock out all members 
of the building trades affiliated with the 
S. B. T. A., affecting about 800 of our mem- 
bers. This struggle is likely to last till 
spring, but we will stick and fight to the 
end and have no fear of the outcome. We 
would now ask all building trade mechan- 
ics, especially carpenters, not to be misled 
by advertisements in the papers and to 
make conditions as they obtain here at this 
time, known as widely as possible. Keep 
away from Duluth and warn others against 
coming here. 

♦ *$♦ »»•* 

Grand Mere, P. Qu., Can.— On the 23d 
of November we had the great pleasure of 
a visit from Brother N. Areand, the general 
organizer. We certainly appreciate his 
vigilance and endeavor to protect and 
further the interests of the Local Unions in 
his sphere of activity, of which he has given 
us ample proof. Our U. B. may well be 
proud of men like Brother Areand, not to 
forget our General Officers, who have shown 
themselves to be able and worthy men. In- 
deed, our U. B. is an admirable organiza- 
tion; this is being demonstrated each day, 
for each day we derive advantages from 
our affiliation. No wonder the non-union 
carpenters are jealous. 

elltp (ftarprutrr 

Mndiaon, fad. Brother carpenters and 
traveling brol iaiu, « ill please 

I in ntrnctor for the 

building of tl J for the 

Insane, under conrse of erection here, who 
is advertising for carpenters, is conducting 
the operation on the open Bhop plan. On 
mber i! he cui down the wages 5c an 
hi'iir ami. no doubt, i i' in- should succeed in 
obtaining a sufficient Dumber of men, an 
other i-iii will follow. All brol 
hereby warned against this unfair c i 
tractor running the Insane Hospital Jul' ami 
advised to keep away from Madison, 1ml.. 
for !ln- pre ent. 

* •:• ♦ 

Ponsacola, Fla.— The P. C. of tliis city 
having received numerous inquiries as to 
trade conditions in this vicinity, we '1' ire 

to stati' that bulding operations are al a 
■ Mill. Only a few mills are yet run- 
ning, anil they are preparing for an early 
shut-down. We have many iille men walk- 
ing the streets a a. I we arc still fighting 
the unfair contractors who locked us out 
in 1905 because of our determination to 
enforce the eight-hour day. All brothers 
are requested to steer clear of Pensacola 
until further notice, for even the scabs ai 

. lit Hi' a job. 

**• »*» ♦•♦ 
V V V 

Waycross, Gta. — We would warn all 
brother carpenters not to place any cre- 
dence in the many reports and notices 
sent out lately all through the North and 
West by the Board of Trade and real estate 
men of this city, stating that there was a 
great demand here for all classes of me- 
chanics and steady employment at big 
wages. The trnth is, there is no demand 
for any class of workmen, as work is very 
slack in alf branches, many- mechanics 
walking the streets and no money. Broth- 
ers, wherever you go remember that Way- 
cross, Ga., is a good place to keep away 

♦ * * 

New Orleans, La. — For the benefit of 
brothers in other cities who may contem- 
plate coming here for the winter, we would 
state that as a rule, there is very little 
work here during the months of Novem- 
ber, December and January each year, and 
at present the majority of our members 

are walking : I The numbl ' 

i'l ionall] large this 
ami, asidi 

■ nn willi I I --"I 

t ricts holding elett rani ' with a.. | 

pei d of thei ■ 

the end of February. In \ iew "f thi 
conditions we would earnestly warn migral 

ing brothel - mil to comi I al this time, 

for if they do. disappointment tnd i 
u.-il hardship will surely It awaiting them. 
We I",'' thej will stay away ami give us a 
chance to hold our I nion toget her a ad - 

city in good Bbape, bo that we ma - 
cure ■ • thai we have bi en work- 

ing ai triving for for somi time. We 

are verj animus tn build up the organiza- 
tion ami make this city a Btrictly union 
town, although it seems a hard propo iti D 

ami are against. U.S. _ 

♦ ♦ * 

Beware of Him. 
Amsterdam, N. Y.— Alfred Rood, a 
member of L. U. 6 this city, who was doing 
contracting work here, has skipped tin' 
town, ilef ran. ling a ' rotber member out 
two weeks' wage-. Ee is of dark i 
plexion, Mark hair and black mustache, 
height about 5 feet 8 inches, most al- 
wore a cap. He left here in the middle of 
October. Look mil for him. 

Information Wanted. 

Julius E. Martin, formerly of Ti 
Tex., a carpenter by trade, dark compl 
ion, brown eyes, black hair, stooped shonl- 
dered, weighs about 15(1 pounds, 20 years 
of age, left home on the 11th of last May. 
was last heard of in Houston, Tex., when 
he left for Aiazona. Any person knowing 
his address or having met him during the 
last few months, will confer a great favor 
by writing to his father, 

Teagne, Tex., Treestone Connty. 

J. E. Houde, a member of Local Union 
36fi. Sand Point, Idaho, was accidentally 
killed in the latter part of November, arid 
after keeping his body for ten days and 
not being able to locate any of his rela- 
tives, the L. U. had the deceased brother 
buried in the local cemetery December 1. 


As near as could be learned the deee'ased 
brother was originally from one of the 
New England states. He leaves some per- 
sonal property and a lot in the city. Should 
this reach the eye of any of his relatives 
they are advised to communicate with 
W. H. SHOOK, B. S. L. U. 366, 
Box 293, Sand Point, Idaho. 

John Weidmann, six years ago a member 
of L. XT. 296, Ensley, Ala., where he ran a 
farm besides following the carpenter 's 
trade; a native of Switzerland, about fifty 
years of age, dark complexioned, is looked 
for by his relatives. Any information as 
to his whereabouts will be greatly appre- 
ciated by them. Please address 

P. 0. G. P., New Albany, Ind. 

Entertainment and Smoker. 

Pottsville, Pa. — The regular meeting 
held by L. U. 228 of this city on the even- 
ing of Thanksgiving day, was followed by 
an entertainment and smoker which was 
a rattling success and thoroughly enjoyed 
by all who were in attendance. The pro- 
gram consisted of selections on the piano 
by Brother Immikeppel, several songs by 
Brother B. Jones and selections by the 
Crescent Club. The main, feature of the 
evening was the presentation of a gold 
watch charm to Brother B. A. Post, mem- 
ber of the G. E. B., in appreciation of his 
services rendered the cause of unionism. 
The presentation speech was delivered by 
llr. I. A. Eeed, district attorney of Schuyl- 
kill county, who spoke in the highest terms 
of organized labor, while every ear was 
pointed so as not to lose a single word of 
his remarks. Brother Post, the distin- 
guished invited guest and recipient of the 
watch charm, was completely taken by 
surprise and so' moved at the honor be- 
stowed upon him that for a while he was 
unable to speak; but after he had come 
to himself again he made the best labor 
speech that those present ever had listened 
to, at the same time thanking the L. U. 
for the surprise and charm. The latter on 
one side bears the U. B. emblem and on 
the other the following inscription: Pre- 
sented to D. A. Post by L. U. 228 of Potts- 
ville, Pa., U. B. C. and J. of A., Nov. 2S, 

Sty? (fepntfrr 

Temporary Injunction in Case of U. B. 
Strikers in Dubuque, la., Refused. 

Dubuque, la. — Judge Bonson, in district 
court, declined to issue a temporary in- 
junction against the striking millmen and 
the Carpenters' Union. The case was that 
of the Carr, Eyder & Adams Co. et al. vs. 
the United Brotherhood of Carpenters et 
al., the plaintiffs including all the mills 
affected by the strike in April and the de- 
fendants, including Organizer Fuelle, the 
officers of the national and local organiza- 
tion, and a number of the individual strik- 
ers who were alleged to be picketing the 

In passing on the application for a tem- 
porary injunction the court said that a 
large number of affidavits had been filed 
by both sides and that every material part 
of the application had been denied by the 
defendants. He said that the question was 
largely one of fact and that under the cir- 
cumstances he would deny the application 
for a temporary injunction and let the case 
come up for trial on its merits. The court 
. stated that if he felt there was any immi- 
nent danger he might look upon the mat- 
ter differently, but he does not see any. 
The defense is given until January 6 to 
file an answer to plaintiff's application. 

Capitalistic Hypociicy. 

The Delineator, which is. one of the few 
magazines still fighting the International 
Typographical Union, has inaugurated a 
' ' child rescue campaign. ' ' The management 
of the Belineator should be reminded of the 
fact that consistency is still considered a 
jewel. While denying its own employes the 
shorter workday the Delineator sheds croco- 
dile tears for the welfare of the child with- 
out a home. Of course, there is nothing new or 
original in the Delineator's policy; that 
journal has merely copied the well-defined 
attitude of certain monopolists who are will- 
ing to do almost anything for the working- 
man except to get off his back. In the mean- 
time the public should bear in mind that the 
Delineator is a strictly ' ' unfair ' ' publica- 
tion and unworthy of the support of men 
and women who believe in fair wages, fair 
hours and fair conditions. — Coast Seamen's 
Journal. • 

Movements for Better Conditions. 

Local Union Isl'1, 1\ ii-li ill. >n. I , Mo. Wo 

are making preparations t'"r a movement 
t.i secure the eight-hour day and ■•' min- 
imum Bcale of 37% cents per hour, to take 
effect "ii April l, 1908. 

Local Union 1095, Cheboygan, Mich. — 
Eight hours per day at the same or pre- 
vailing rate of wages is our this year's 
demand and the contractors have been 
in. tilled to that effect. 

District Council, Fall River, Mass. — We 
have decided to make a demand upon the 
master builders for a raise in wages to 41 
cents per hour minimum, to take effect on 
May 1, 1908. The Master Builders' Asso- 
ciation is being notified of our action. 

Local Union 1069, Muscatine, la. — We 
have notified the contractors that we de- 
mand that on and after April 1, 190S. eight 
hours constitute a day's work and 31% 
cents per hour be the minimum wage. We 
are now working eight hours at the rate 
of $2.50 per day. 

•t* ♦ ♦ 

Local Union 1143, La Crosse, Wis. — At 
a regular meeting held on November 29 
we decided to make a demand upon the 
contractors for a raise in our wage scale 
of 2% cents per hour, to take effect April 
1, 1908. 

We have also decided to raise our month- 
ly dues from 50 to 60 cents for full benefi- 
cial members and from 30 to 35 cents for 
semi-beneficial members, payable after 
January 1, 190S. 

Local Union 568, Lincoln, 111. — At a re- 
cent meeting of this Local Union the fol- 
lowing resolutions were introduced and 

Whereas, It is the sense of the commit- 
tee that the carpenters are the poorest 

paid bod) of work a in this tows; there 

fore, I"' it 

Resolved, Thai on and after April 1. 
1908, we demand a straight raise of 5 cent 
per hour for nil journeymen; ami, be it 

Resolved, That eight hours shall const i 
lute a day's work, h.-^inning ; ,t s a. m. 
and ending at 5 p. in.; and, be it further 

Resolve. I, That this agreement shall bp 
operative for a period not less than two 
years; and, be it further 

Resolve, 1, That all work done between 
the hours of 5 p. m. and 8 a. m, shall be 
considered overtime, to be paid at the rate 
of time and a half, and all Sunday work 
shall be paid at the rate of double time. 

American and Belgian Glass Workers 
Form an Alliance. 

An international alliance for common de- 
fense 1. etween 60,000 American and Belgian 
glass workers was effected in Cleveland on 
Saturday by Arthur L. Faulkner, president 
of the Amalgamated Window Glass Workers 
of America, and Edmond Gilles, president 
of the Belgian Glass Workers' Union. 

The American union, which numbers 30,- 
000 members, is now on strike. The men 
refused to accept the wage scale proposed 
by the manufacturers in a conference at Co- 
lumbus, Friday. The new scale proposed a 
67 per cent, reduction of present wages. The 
strike is the biggest in the history of the 

The alliance is the best that has been made 
for the defense with a foreign organization. 

A dramatic incident in connection with 
Gilles conference with Faulkner in Cleve- 
land was a break between Gilles and Simon 
Burns, the head of Knights of Labor As- 
sembly No. 300 of Pittsburg. Gilles bitter- 
ly arraigned Burns, who had been called to 
Cleveland, and all relations between them 
were severed. — National Labor Tribune." 

We can never hope for a thoroughly inde- 
pendent daily press until we have a genuine 
postal telegraph. — San Francisco Star. 


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biefe§ ©efefee§ erfudjt. Ser S3oarb fcfjltefjt 
fidj ber 2Iu§Icgung ber ©. S3, an madjt aber 
barauf aufmertfam, bafg fidj ©elt. 134 nur 
auf foldje SDJttglteber begietje bie nocb, ntdjt 
6 TOonate tang ber SB. S3, angeljb'ren. 

^n ber, Pom @. ©. angeregten grage ber, 
an bie St. §*. of 2. fiir canbabifcb,e SKitglieber 
gu garjlenbcn S'opffteuer, fiir irelcrje bie 
@. £). ebenfaHS Sopffteuer an ben Eanabian 
Srabe§ unb 2abor Eongref3 entricb.tet, be= 
fdjtiefit ber 33oarb mit ber Entrid)tung bie* 
fer ©teuer an beibe gcberationen fortgufab,* 
ren, aber gugleidj bie Selegaten 3ur Eon* 
bention ber St. g. of 2. 3U inftruiren fiir 
eine Slenberung ber Sonftitution ber St. g. 
of 2. eingutreten, lneldje bie affilirten Or* 
ganifation bon ber ©oppetgaljtung ber Sopf* 
fteuer entbinbet. 

?rppcUation ber 2. U. 42 9Jero MoctjeUe, 
31. ?)., gegen bie Entfdjcibitng be§ ©. ©. in 
ber er bie llnfaffbenefit gorberung granf 
Sougbertp'S abroieS. SBirb abgeroiefen. 

SIppcHation ber 2. U. 134, Montreal, 
Can., gegen bie Entfd)eibung be§ @. ©. im 
galle ltrbain ©atina§, ©terbegelb betref* 
fenb. ®a ein Stu§gug au§ ben gtnang* 
biidjern ber 2. II. borliegt au§ bem b,erbor* 
geljt, bafg ber SJerftorbene bor feinem Sib* 
leben iiber fed)§ JJfonate Iang gutfteb;enbe§ 
9JiitgIteb roar, roirb bie Entfdjeibung umge* 
ftofjen unb bie gorberung gur Qabjlung be* 

Ein ©efud) ber Sifdjler Union in ©t)ent, 
SSelgien, um finangiclle §iitfe roirb ntdjt ge* 

®ltr (Eariumtrr 

mafirt, bn bci B3onrb nidjl bi< nl in 

foTdjcn (iclDilliflcn. 

■ itnbclptjia urn foci 

(ere ©clbBeroill Lti [tubun 

©clucrTSBclDegHng SDic summc bon $ 100 
loirb jur ;',abiung an ben ? c c augeroiefen. 


3cm Etebclanb, 0., ?. E. Ibirb bie Sums 
inc Don $300 pur Orgai j itucdCc an 

getoicfen, bercn 83erroenbung bcr ©. $■ biri 
niven foil. 

3Ni bcr ©crocrlSbertrng mil bcr STmaTga» 
mnteb Socictl) of GTarpcnter? unb Joiner? 
am 1ten September biefeS JSaBreS aBgeTau 
fen iff, roirb cine Emeuerung be? 53crtraqe§ 
in (Erroagunn gegogen, jebod) BefcTjIoffen bon 
eincm SJcrtrage nationalcn GHjarafterS afi« 
infecjcn unb bic SlBfrfjIiefjuncj cine? loTaTen 
StertragcS ben Hofalitaten m iiBerTaffen, mo 
ein foTCfier geroiinfdjt roirb unb (jeBoten iff. 

Tic ©encraTBeamten tocrben (jierauf an* 
getniefen ben, genial-, ber ©ntfdjeibung bc§ 
<Sd)ieb§rid)ter§ ST. Staffer, in bcr ©arfielb 
National S3anl in Stem g)orI beponirte Sums 
mc bon $5,000 uiviid jugierjen. 

S)er ©. S3, roirb mil ber ©rnennung cine-? 
ftomite'S jur Stertretung ber S3. 33. eiuf 
einer am 23ten Cftobcr in GTiicago \tatU 
finbenben fionbention bcr Eibic geberation 

gn ber gfrage be? $?artenau§taufd)e§ 
jtnifcrjen bcr 93. 93. nub (Stfjroefter Drganifa* 
Konen in freiubcn Sanbern, Befdftiefjt bcr 

„S)ie Sofalsllnionen finb ermarfjtigt Sftit* 
glieber einer anerlannten ©djroefter Organic 
fation unfereS ©emeries cine? anberen 2an* 
be? aufjuncljmen roenn fie im S3efifee einer 
SWitgliebSfarte finb, roetcfjc nadjroeift bay-, 
ber jjugereifte College toenigftenl! ein galjr 
[ana SEitgtieb feiner Organifation roar, unb 
[cine S3eitrage bt? 311m 3>atum be? Stufugt)* 
megcfudje§ entridjtet finb. ©oldje fiolfcgen 
miiffen gemcifj ber .fionftirutiou bcr 5*. S3, 
gur Sftitglicbfefinft crualifigtrt fcin. 

..Tic Scifafsltnioncu miiffen folate ?.liit« 
gticb?fartcn bem @enerals@erretcrr bcr S3, 
lufenben, unb au-nn berfetbc finbet bar, 
bic Sfatre a [feu S3orfdjriften entfpridjt, fo 
fann ber (5>croerf?foIIege obuc ©inrritt§gel& 
ju entridjten gur SKitgliebfdjaft gugelaffen 
roerben unb foil berfelBe -u ben S3eneftt§ Be* 
redjtigt fcin, roic fotdie in ben 5}>aragrapf)cn 
ber SVonftitutiou ber S3. S3, bic fid) auf neu= 
aiifgenommene SJMtgtieber begiefjen, aufges 
fiifirt finb." 

Sa? bom 9iero ?)orf Eitrj £>. E. eingegan* 
gene ©cfudi bcr iBoarb moge ein ?(menbes 
ment jur Sonfriturion enrreerfen nicfdje? ein 
"i'crfafjrcn borfcfjreibt, Begiigiid) foldjer ?Jcit= 
glieber, roc[d)e an bem Crte an bem fie ar= 
bciten nid)t anfaffig finb, unb ba?fe!be ber 

ItraBftimmung nnterBreiten, cine HngeTegen 
fjeii bic in bci ,'uii Sibling jurudgelegi 
lourbe, mirb micoer aufgenommen. ©cr 
S3oarb finbet, bay, feine nligemeine 9toth)en> 
bigfeii einer bcrartigen ©cfefeeiSbetanbe 
borliegl nub bcrtueifi bic grage an bic 
iiadjftc Slonbention. 

LO. OltoBer. 

> Kelfon unb Knbcre bon 8o!al Union 
62 E^icago, JjH., apbeHiren gegen bic tints 
fdjeibung beS ^'<. v |v im galle iftelfon B c 8 en 

cruuihutc i.'afal Union 

[ppeUaHon loirb at? begriinbet bc = 
funben nub bic Eutfdjeibung be? ©. 83. 11111= 

I. cannier apnellirt gegen bic l c ul- 
idicibuun be;- ©. v |v tin /yaHc be? SlppcKana 
ten gegen ben JnbianapoIiS S>. ©. 'Die 
Slppeilation lvirb aBgehiiefen unb bic tints 
Klieibmni be? ©. 33. beftetn gu IHcdit. 

Sie S3oarbmitgIieber Beginnen mit bcr 
S3cfidjtigung wn, ,-511111 groedEe bcr ©rridjo 
rung cine? .Oaunlqnarticr?, offerirten 

1 1 . OltoBer. 

appellation v :i-. ?.' Ceicjlj'g bon S. It. 145 
©1 jfteno, Vila., gegen bic Entfdjeibung be? 
©. 3j im A-aitc be? SlppeHanten gegen bic 
8. It. Xa c? ermiefen ift bay, Erftcrer bic 
virbcit fiir eiiicn 2trBeitgeBer ber auf bcr 
„Unfairtifte" ttaub nidit aufgaB, luirb bic 
Si ppetfation aBgcmicfcn. 

StpbeTIation ber 2. II. 551 fininrcnce, 
SOJaff., gegen bic ©ntfdjeibung be? ©. S3, im 
ivalk bcr StppeHanten gegen 2. It. 49 Jomcfl, 
SKaff. Tic ©ntfdjeibung roirb aufredjt cr= 

Stppedation ?sacob Diogobin'S bon 2. U. 
054 33bftbn, SKaff., gegen bic Entfdjcibung 
be? ©. *4.v im ^aftc be? Slppeftanteu gegen 
bic 2. U. 9BirO aBgeroiefen. 

STppeftation ©. g. 33oob unb S. C. Eoj 
gegen bic Gntfcfjeibung be? ®. 5p. im ^atlc 
ber StppeHanten gegen 2. It. 520, ©albejton, 
Jcr. Ser 23oarb finbet, baf5 ben ?rppcf(an= 
ten nid)t ba? S?erBor geftartei rourfle ba? 
ibnen 3utam. Sic Entfdieibung luirb urns 
gefto^en unb 2. It. 526 angcroiefen ein nodjs 
matige? 9?ro3cf(bcrfabren einguteiten. 

Slppeilation 2Sm. .§. @croarb'§ gegen bie 
entfebcibung be? ©. S3, im gaffe be? Stp= 
ocUantcn gegen 2. It. 114 .sjoufton, SCer,. 
£ic Entfebcibung roirb aufrecbt erfjaften. 

Stppclfation $3. S- SBarb'? gegen bic ©e= 
febc?au?fcgung be? @. S3, im Katie ber 2. It. 
8 S?bi(abcrpbia gegen 2. It. 207 Shelter, 
S3a. 3)cr S3oarb fdiliefst fid) biefer ?tu?* 
[egung an unb roeiit bic ?(ppettation ah. 

Stuf SJeranlaffung be? Totebo, £)., ®. E. 
roirb ber Eincinnati, O., S). E. aufgeforbert 
i'ibcr bic in kfererer (stabt borfid)gc5enben 
Strbeitcu bcr 5'rma 93entlet) nou Totcbo 93e= 
ridjt 311 erftattcn. 

12. OttoBer. 

SIppeffatton be? 33affaic, 9t. 3., ©. E. 

gegen bie Gutfdjeibung be? ©. S3, im pyatfe 
bcr Stppcffanten gegen ben 5|3aterfon, 32. %., 


®. E. SIrbeitSIarleit bctreffeub. ®cr 5Bbarb 
mifgbitligt bie Entfdieibnng bc§ 0. 5J5. unb 
entfdjeibet gu ©unften be» 9paffaic ©. E. 

5J5roieft bet 2. II. 483 ©an granciSco gc* 
gen bie SIu§fdjricf;ung iBre§ 5D?itgIiebe§ E. O. 
©mitl), toeldje ber ©an granci§co ©. E. 
nerfiigt Batte. SBtrb abgetoiefen, toetl ba§ 
auSgefdjtoffene SOTitglieb nidjt gemaft ber 
©eitionen 93 unb 94 ber ©en. Sonftiiution 
bet betn @. 5g. 58crufttng eingelegt fjat 

SIppellation E. @. ?Joung'§ gegen Me Ent* 
fdieibung be§ @. 5p. im galle be§ SlppeHan* 
ten gegen 2. 11. 617 58ancouber, 58. E., Ean. 
©ie Entfdjeibung toirb ralifigirt unb bie Sip* 
betfation abgetoiefen. 

14. Oftober. 
©em 5#etoarf, 5JJ. S-, ©■ E. toirb bie ©urn* 

me bon $1,500 betnilligt urn iljre ©etoerfS* 
forberung boKftcinbig burdigufeijen. 

Stppellafion £ioBn 3. O'Neal's unb Sin* 
berer gegen bie Entfdjeibung be§ @. 5g. im 
ftaHe ber Stppeltanten gegen ben JJetoarf 
©. E. ©a au§ betn borlicgcnben 58etoei§= 
material Berborgebt, .bafg ben StppeKanten 
lein gefehmafgiger 5J5rogefg gctociBrt tourbe, 
toirb ber = 5J?etoarf ®. E. angetoiefen einen 
foldien in lte&ereinftimmung mit unferen 
©efeken nodimals cinguleiten. 

Ein 23ericljt bc§ 5J?ebifor§ iiber in 5JSitt§= 
burg berauSgabte ©frifegelber liegt bor, unb 
ba berfelbe ltnregelmafoigfeiten auftoeift, 
toirb ber ©. 5{5. inftruirf bent 5(SiltSburg 
®. E. etne StbfcBrift gttgufenben unb gu ber* 
langen, baft bie SJtitglieber bie fid) biefe lln* 
regetmafiigfeiten gu fdjutben lommen Iiefgen, 
gur MecBenfdiaft gegogen toerben. 

Ein ©ituationSberidjt au§ SBafBington, 
®. E., toirb berlefen unb gu ben Stffen ge* 

15. Oftober. 
SSon berfdiiebeuen 2ofaI*ltnionen tft ein 

©efudi eingclaufen baBingeBenb, bah unfere 
®elegaten gur Sonbcntion ber SI. fj. of 2. 
inftntiri toerben, auf ber Sonbention fiir bie 
Stu§fdireibung fetten§ ber St. g. of 2. einer 
Etrtrafteuer gur 58efampfung ber Strbeitgeber 
58erbanbe in 2o§ StngeleS eingutreten. ®er 
58oarb finbet, bafg bie Situation in 2o§ Sin* 
gele§ nidit fo toefcntlidi boh ber in bieten 
anberen ©tftbtcn abtoeidje, bafg fie bie Er* 
bebttng einer Ertrafteuer nottoenbig macbe 
unb befdilieftt bie SlngctegenBeit ben ©elega= 
ten gu iibcrtaffen. 

©efucb ber 2. 11. 923 SftcSinneb, Ker., 
urn ©eneljmigung it)rer gorberung fiir bie 
actitftitnbige SlrbcitSgeit beginnenb atn 1. ®c= 
gember b. ^. SBirb getoatjrt. 

©aniet ©atbin bom Ebicago ©. E. unb 
©efcbaft?ancnt 2. ©cban_erfcbeinen bor bent 
9?oarb in SBoobtoorlerS Stngelegentieitcn unb 
unterbreitcn betattirten StuitoeiS iiber bie in 
ber $uti ©i^ung fiir Efjicago betoiHigien 

®er 33oarb, in ©emeinfcbaft ntit ben 
©eneralbeamten, begeben fid) in baZ innere 
ber ©tabt gur 93efict)ttgung toeiteren offerir* 
ten ©runbeigentum'S. 

0>V OIart??tttpr 

16. Ottober. 
StpbeKation Ef;oma§ gournicr'S gegen bie 

Entfctjeibung be§ @. 5)5. im gatte be§ Sip* 
peKanten gegen 2. It. 97 9Zeto 58riiain, 
Eonn. 5£3trb abgetoiefcn. 

SIppeHation g. SB. ©fiacfelforb'S gegen 
bie Entfcfieibung be§ @. 5(5. im gaHe be§ 
Sfppetlantcn gegen ben Eincinnati, C, 25. E. 
33er Enifdjcibung toirb gugeftimntt unb bie 
SlpbeHation abgetoiefen. 

®em Eljicago, SH., S. E. toirb bie toei* 
tere ©umme bon $1,500 gum gtoecfe ber 
5SerboIIftanbigung ber Organifation ber 
©Boparbeiter betoiHigt. 

©ie iBebifion ber ginangbiicl)er ber ©ene* 
raI«Offtge toirb Begonnen. 

17. Oltober. 
©ie Sftebifion ber ginangbi'tcBer nimmt ben 

gangen ©i^ungStag in SInfprucB. 

18. Oftober. 
Ein Somite' be§ 5Jtodtgnb, SKoItne, gH., 

unb ©abenport, $a., ®. E. erfcbeint bor bem 
5Boarb anb BericBtct iiber ben StuSftanb im 
Siftrift. ®a§ Somite untcrbreitet bie 2ifte 
ber Slu§fianbigen unb SIu§toet§ iiber auSbe* 
gaBIte ttnterftiiijungSgelber, toorauf bem 
©. E. bie toettere ©umme bon $120 ange* 
toiefen toirb. 

©ie ??rage be§ SIntaufeS eine§ ©ebaube? 
ober ©runbftiicle§ gur Erridjtung eine§ 
.."oauptquartier'S, unb bie bie§begiigticB ein* 
gegangenen Offerten, toerben in toeitere Er* 
inagung gegogen unb fdjIiefjIicB EonnoHb unb 
goteb al§ Somite ernannt tint in ©emetn* 
frBaft mit einem ber brci ©eneralbeamten 
ben SInfauf eine§ ©runbftii(fe§ abgufcBtiefgen 
unb allc bamit berbunbenen- gericBtltcBen 
Si'Brittc gu tun. 

19. Oftober. 
SIppcIIation ber 2. 11. 718 9<ceto Modielte, 

9?. ?)., gegen bie EntfcBeibung be§ ©. ©. im 
galfe ber'EBefrau Sllfreb Seplante'3 ©terbe* 
gelb betreffenb. ©a nidjt nacbgctoiefen ift, 
baf; bie 5Serftorbene gur P,eit ber StnfnaBme 
be§ S.)?itglicbe§ an einer Sranf'Beit litt, toirb 
bie Stppellation entgegenaenommen, bie ??ors 
berung al§ bereditint erflcirt unb bie Ent* 
ffBeibiing umgeftoftcn. 

©en auSftcBcnbcn KelegrapBiften tourbc 
Erlaubni? erteitt ficb an bie 2otaIsltnionen 
ber 5JJ. 58. toegen finangieUcr ltnterftitijung 
gu toenben. 

?5erfcBiebene ftinangfragen toerben gur 
ErTebigung in nadjfter" ©iijung guriicfgelegt. 

©er 5Porfi^enb& be§ 5Boarb beriditet im 
58cfitse ber netten 58iirgfcBaft§papiere be§ 
©. ©. unb ©. ©d). gu fein, ebenfo fei ber 
58erid)t ber Erberten fiir 5JuIi, Slugttft unb 
September in feinen $cinbcn. 

Ccijtcrcr 58ericfit toirb mit ben ginang* 
biidjer bcrglidien unb beibc fiir ricBtig befun* 
ben. ©ie 58M)errebifion finbet bamit iBren 

SSertagttng bi§ gum 13. ^anuar 1908. 
Robert E. 2. E n n II p, 
©elretar @. ®. 58. 

gran! ©ttffp, ©en.*©efretar. 

Encore quellques remarques sur la 
Pension des Travailleurs. 

Comme nous l'avions pridit, la Convcu- 
tion de la IVdorntion du travail, qui a eu 
lieu ces jours ci, a Norfolk, a encore line 
fois repouss6 les propositions des dolegues 
avanees et demandant au gouverncment, 
des Etats Unis une pension de retraite pour 
chaque travailleur age do plus de fiO ans, 
et n'ayant pu en travaillant, se mettre de 
c6t<5 suffisanient pour pouvoir en vivre sur 
ses vieux jours. 

Cependant, do la discussion de ces de- 
inandes se degageait deja un progres sur 
les annees preeedentcs, quoique fort leger. 
Au lieu de rejeter comme d 'habitude la 
propositions, sans debat, la Convention a 
cette fois ci bien au coutraire tenue des 
debats tres approfondie et a fini par 
renvoyer la proposition au comitS executif; 
a 1 'effet de mieux la formuler et en donner 
un detail plus succinct a la prochaine con- 

Nous comprenons parfaitement que des 
offieiers d'une organisatinn toucbants de 
$3,500 a. 5.000 par an, sans compter des 
frais de deplacement puissent aisement 
renoncer a une pension de retraite de $12 
par mois; mais ils n 'ont aucune raison pour 
denier ce droit a tous ceux qui n 'ont jamais 
eu 1 'occasion d 'etre ni officier d 'une or- 
ganisation ouvriere, ni contre-maitre bien 
salarie, on tant d 'autre employe bien 
rctribue. Et ceux-ci forment la majorite 
parmi nous autres. La statistique gouverne- 
mental nous le prouve que le nombre de 
travailleurs aux Etats L'nis, gagnant moins 
de $1.25 par jour, est plus grand que celui 
des ouvriers gagnant au dessus de cette 
somme, sans parler des semaines nombreuse 
durant lesquelles ni les uns ni les autres ne 
recoivent rien du tout parcequ'il n'y a pas 
de travail du tout pour des milliers d 'entre 

Nous avons malheureusement pour un 
enorme grand nombre les preuves de nos 

assertions en mains. Dans le couranl des 
is de novembre el decembre une de nos 

plus grands Locales. No. ^09 New York, 
qui a pros dr K'.oil nioinlues, a plus do l!."i(i 

membres sans travail. Sur 1400 membrea 
do nos Locales & Newark, N. J., 900 se 
I movent sans occupation, :ivec tres peu de 

chance d'y voir une nnu'liorafion 'I 'lie 

triste situation pendant toute la duree de 

I'hiver. Qui pourra prcdiro la fin il lie 

deplorable situation? Quelle somme de 
privation, de misere faudra-t-il endurer 
avant que le travail rcprenne son chemin 
accou turned Qui est ce qui donnera le pain 
quotidien aux enfants du proletaire, lorsque 
le peu de credit sera use? si toute fois credit 
est aceorde h un pere d'une grande famille 
sans travail. Quelque imbecile nous dit ces 
jours ci "Dans une grande famille il y 
toujours quelques membres qui continuent 
3, travaillcr et rapportent assez a la maison 
pour subvenir aux frais d'entretien de la 
famille. ' ' 

Lui meme, ouvrier charpentier, etait mis 
a pied; son fils aine travaillait dans une 
fonderie; le plus jeune des gareons etait 
apprenti peintre; les deux filles travaillaient 
chez Clark, le grand manufacturier de fil a 
Kearney. Voici ce qui arriva h cet homme 
facil a contenter. La Haye Fondrie fut 
fermee ' pour cause de banqueroute; le 
patron peintre, apres avoir termine le 
dernier batiment, renvoya ses ouvriers y 
compris l'apprenti, et le filateure, apres 
avoir renvoy6 la moitifi de ses ouvriers, 
laissa travailler 1 'autre moitie 4 jours par 

Ai-je besoin de vous dire, que les deux 
filles de notre homme satisfait, se trouvaient 
parmi celles qui furent renoyee definitive- 
ment? Que l'on nous dise pas que ceci 
forme un cas exeptionel; non, Camarades, 
c 'est plutot la regie dans notre systeme de 
society actuelle; 1'un fait souffrir 1 'autre. 
Le proverbe qui dit ' ' Quand le batiment va, 
tout va, " est deja d'une age fort respecta- 


ble, mais toujours vrai, aussi bien si nous 
1 'employons a 1 'envers et si nous disons : 
' ' Quand le batiment ne va pas, rien ne 
va. ' ' C 'est aussi juste et s 'applique 
d 'ailleurs sur toute les industries. 

Que vienne nous parler a present de 
mettre des economies de cote pour 1 'age ou 
1 'invalidity Ce serai se fieher de nous, ce 
serai le comble de la moquerie. 

Nous ne pouvons pas tous imiter 
1'exemple des ouvriers terrassiers et autres, 
pour la plupart d'origine italienne, 
polonaise ou bohemienne, qui quitte 
1 'Amerique, en ce moment en si grand 
nombre, que les eompagnies de bateaux 
transatlantique ne peuvent en operer le 
transport, car e'est de 30 a 35 mille que 
se chiffre le montant de ceux qui quittent 
ce pays pour s'en retourner dans leurs pays 

La plupart des notres sont ne dans ce , 
pays, les autres y sont devenus citoyens 
americains; ils one renonce aux droits de 
nationality de leur pays natal, ils ont eleve' 
une nombreuse famille de ce cote ci de 
1 'Ocean et leur place, leur "home" est ici, 
au menie droit et pour les memes raisons 
qui donne droit de cite aux camarades ne 

Et que fait notre gouvernement pour 
remedier a cette calamite? Mon dieu, il 
fait ce que l'on peut attendre d'un gouv- 
ernement de la elasse riche, il aide aux 
siens, aux banquiers, aux grands actionaires 
des chemins -de fer, il aide avec ses millions, 
ou pour etre plus juste, en restant a la plus 
^tricte verite, il aide avec les millions 
extraites au peuple, par les moyens de con- 
tributions indireetes, a maintenir le cours 
eleve des actions et autres valeurs de la 
bourse ; en un mot, il pret 1 'argent des 
pauvres, ou voles aux pauvres, pour aider les 
riches a maintenir leurs valeurs fictives a la 
hauteur de la cote a Wall street a New 
York, Bow street a Londres, Place de 
Bourse a Paris, Boulevard du Nord a 
Bruxelles et Friedrichstrasse a Berlin. 

Des farceurs cherchent a nous demontrer 
qu'en aidant a la grande Finance le gouv- 
ernement aide, quoique indirectement, au 
people. Qui, il aide ainsi au people, comme 
les societes de charite aident aux pauvres 
en donnant des bals de bienfaisance. 
Lorsque les couturiers et garderobiers sont 
pay6, lorsque le compte des musiciens, des 

imprimeurs, des fournisseurs de la salle et 
autres sont regie et pay6, il ne reste aux 
pauvres que le deficit, qui, et c 'est la le 
seul benefice dont ils puissent, ils n'ont pas 
besoin de payer, et ce pour de bonne 

De meme avec le peuple en cas de crise 
industrielle ou commercielle. On prete et 
on aide aux banques, qui a leur tour aident 
a leur clientele. Et commes les ouvriers ne 
sont que dans de tres rares exceptions des 
clients aux etablissements financiers, ils ne 
peuvent reclamer leur part du secours gouv- 

Aussi, pour cette raison et encore mille 
autres, nous reclamons, comme notre droit 
et non pas comme une aumone a nous faire, 
le payement d'un secour sufSsant a tout 
travailleur citoyens de notre grand pays qui 
aura attein 1 'age de 60 ans, et ce a titre 
d 'une pension de retraite ; et dont le paye- 
ment sera continue' jusqu'au jour oil une 
sacrifice nouvelle sera 6tabli qui donnera 
au travailleur le produit integral de son 

Grand Mere, P. Qu., Can. — Le 23. du mois 
de novembre nous avons eu la visite de notre 
estime Confrere et organisateur N. Arcand. 
Sa visite est une preuve de sa vigilants 
surveillance sur les unions locaux sous sa 
juridiction. Une aussi visible interessement 
nous porte a aimer et a apprecier plus en 
plus notre organisation. En effet, quel 
admirable travail que celui de notre Fra- 
ternite. Chaque jour nous en donne une 
preuve, car chaque jour nous apporte un 
avantage marque. Le.s non-unionistes 
n 'eprouvent-ils pas de jalousie? 

-JjJ^ This pin should be worn by 

Brother-"' ,v mem ^ er °f the United 

u_ _ j Brotherhood o f Carpenters 


and Joiners of America, as a 

proof of affiliation with this 
organization. The pin is gold 
plated and enameled in tno 
colors, is of exquisite design, and will be 
greatly appreciated by the owner. The 
price, in any quantity, is 25 cents each. 
Orders should be sent in by Local Unions, 
not by individual members, and will be 
filled promptly when remittance is re- 
ceived at the General Office. 


No Nam.- Union. 

Mi Marie l Fortner 7n 

II. u Pennlwoll 138 

7008 Mi b Mnr) Wa mi i 142 

Mll'.'tl .la.'|) 147 

I' M. Kcllj im 

Troll tmann 200 

v. >7< i Clms. E, Carlson 12:: 

7071 Jesse I toward 184 

TUT- Alfred Oil «l I , . . 157 

tut:: Mrs. Mary Frlcdrlcb. . . . 070 

7074 Carl B Bauer B57 

707.". Mrs Racliel Holmes . . . 800 

7976 Mrs. Sarah Olnsberg . . . 100 

7'.i77 Jacob Wclte 350 

7'.'?-- Mi I \ Hunnewell . 025 

7078 VVm. B, Farley 1427 

7980 James D. Orr - 

7981 Mrs. a. Lndouceur 21 

7;»s2 \\ 111. K rebs -17 

7:is:: Mi s JoseOns Llndgren. . 62 

7984 I'll Ilenn 116 

, ns;. Scverluc Anderson 24 1 

7986 Mrs. Anno Jenke 242 

7987 Bernard Kramer 2. .7 

7988 Josepb Green 294 

7989 Charles VV. Russell .... 822 

7990 Charles Reiser 419 

7:>:u w aldemai Roberg 471 

7992 G I Eade 510 

7993 Allen Brown r>77 

70M A. \. Booth 827 

7005 Myron J. Fowler 857 

7996 Mrs Ella I.. McKenzle. . 1024 

7997 Alof Axel Maberg 144:! 

7998 Mrs. Jannie Causey ... 1457 

7999 Mrs. Amelia Demarnls . . 1464 

8000 Martin Gosney 1604 

8001 Wm. II. Davis 1665 

8002 Mnrtin .1. .Mason 82 

sun:; Charles J. Hall 132 

8004 Oscar Hetchel 175 

8005 Frank T. Saunders .... 109 

8006 M. II. Rhodes 330 

8007 s.-u.l .1. Martin 36] 

Sons Win. Aspdmier 427 

8009 Arthur N. Willey 459 

S010 Brick Anderson 478 

soil Mrs. .Tnsic Stahl 581 

B012 B. F. Hi :rr 587 

8013 Mrs. Minnie Stanley ... 044 

MH i Gilbert Jolle 1021 

8015 J. D. Biles 1510 

8016 Miles D. Clark loo 

S017 L. Lavlgne (dis. i 550 

Mils Mrs. Alice V. Hardin... 1301 

8019 11. 10. Burns 1774 

8020 Mrs. Albertine Lamszus. 1 

8021 Mrs. Laura C. Relnecker 4 

8022 Lawrence Conk (dls.)... 7 
S023 .Tas. F. Corbett 33 

8024 Ole Olson 112 

8025 Mrs. Martha .1. Bounds. 132 

S026 John E. Brvan 211 

8027 W. S. Webb (dis. i 292 

S02S Mrs. M. E. Sappenfield. 43G 

8020 Mrs. Laura II. Kerst. . . 402 

8030 John H. Stewart 528 

80:11 Frank I.erette iflis.i.... 1037 

8032 Bernhard Henbach .... 1784 

8033 Mrs. Annie Alt 5 

8034 Mrs. Mary Diener 5 

8035 Mrs. Mary C. Smith.... 53 

SOSfi William Bell 79 

8037 Oskar Andreascn 01 

so?.s Mrs. Margaret E. Huff.. 08 

8039 Louis Sigmund 103 

8040 W. R. Fenwick 269 

8041 Charles C. Cummings. . . 318 

8042 Joseph Peruse 468 

8043 Ferd Wehr 476 

S044 Mrs. Carolina Kalblam.. 521 

8045 Wm. W. Perkins 613 

8046 Mrs. Julia M. Ginman.. 639 
S047 Lewis Ossman 711 

8048 Mrs. Lvda Devane 1052 

8049 Mrs. Aagot T. Foster . . 1393 

8050 Omer Chenier 1584 

8051 Mrs. Mary Eliza Schenck 1704 



. 00 

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SI 12 




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SI 20 


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50 . 00 








Name, Union. Ain't 

Mrs, I. in -Mm M Smith 1792 50.00 

I... hi- Ebell ..• nils, i . . s 400.00 

Hi in ■! Jan Is ::7."i .". 

Mrs. J. w. Sims 809 21 

Mi Sophie Pflstcr ... 1254 50 00 

Peter A. Carlson 7 r.o.oo 

\ii \i Wojcichow I.I in B0. 00 

u K. Kline 86 200.0*0 

Mrs. Jessie a. Smith. . . 08 

Mi Sarah Elllotl 106 50. 00 

Mrs. Clara Ellen Huff. . ion Bl 

Mrs. S. M. Lundgren. . . 106 B0. 00 

Herberl s. Chadwiek . . . 161 B0. 00 

i.'" i: Mm ii, .ril 328 200.00 

wm. !•:. Nicholson S88 200.00 

Mrs. Sarah Ann Reld. . . 604 BO 00 

Mrs. Mary A. Shlpton. . . 1214 r.o.oo 

George Grambs 1717 200.00 

Edwin Johnson 1717 I 13 90 

Angus McNeil 22 2nn.n0 

Mrs. Elvis (lowland . . 61 E 

Mrs. Ann Maud Hogg. . 62 50.00 

C. II. Willsnn 87 5n im 

Mrs. Elizabeth Fahrney. 182 21 

Louis Noel KM 50 '." 

James S, Whalen 142 200 00 

Mrs. Mary B. Smalley. . 166 B0. 00 

Charles Wanner 238 2(K 

Mrs. Mav .1. Mathews. . . 802 50.00 

(Hide ISaehand 30(1 50.00 

Mrs. Susan S. . . . 476 I n 

Brick Aug. F.klund 483 2 1 ' ' 

ipinf Patterson 483 2001m 

Win. Gndemann 661 50.00 

James A. Sll D sis 200.00 

Mrs. Lena Busby 120" 50 no 

F. II. Willanl 1284 E 

Mrs. Lizzie G. Turner... 1347 60. 00 

Geo. W. Roser 1414 100. 00 

Mrs. Jane P. Evans .... .8 B0. 00 

J. W. Newberry 8 200.00 

Wm. A. Ilulln 51 200.00 

Mrs. Anna M. Sutter... 440 50.00 

Harry Swan 400 200.00 Killian 1074 B 

R. R. Lee 169 B0. 00 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bllms ... 175 B0. 00 

Casper Schick 327 B0. 00 

J. G. Bennett (dls.).... 42:'. 400.00 

Mrs. Julia Mitchell .... 562 25.00 

Mrs. I.illie Anna Odlon. 824 25.00 

Mrs. Ora Pepper 1030 50.00 

Mrs. Martha Lehman .. 1805 50.00 

Olaus Enger 13 200.00 

Mrs. Bertfia M. Wart... 26 25 .On 

Geo. M. Andrews 73 50.00 

John Q. Hepler 73 200.00 

David Beedie 141 200. 00 

Gottlieb Kaeser 377 50.00 

Chas. Johnson 457 200.00 

Mrs. Viola Goodin 1072 25.00 

James B. Baker 710 B0 00 

L. A. Carmichael 853 200.00 

Mrs. Mvra J. Freet 000 50 . 00 

Alfred Royle 1030 200.00 

Mrs. Anne Torwiek .... 7 50.00 

Mrs. Marv Micolay 32 50 . 00 

George II. Ralph 31.8 200.00 

Mortimer II. Knox 053 200.00 

W. T. Hancock 1078 50.00 

Mrs. Lydia D. Kuhn.... 1703 50.00 

Mrs. Mary A. Haflev.... 1785 50.00 

Jack Storv 1635 124 . 00 

M. Milner 504 200.00 

A. J. Landon 4 200.00 

Mrs. Anna Sklenicka. . .. 54 50.00 

LaVern Sisum 98 200.00 

Herman Guenther 262 200.00 

Charles Crawley 453 200.00 

Edgar Hill 953 200.00 

Michael T. Rooney 1093 200.00 

Henry F. Lundv 136 200.00 

Mrs. Marie Schnoper 309 50.00 

Andrew Anderson 848 200.00 

John Erickson 181 200.00 

J. L. Dillon 22 200. OO 

Thomas MImmack 22 200.00 

Mrs. Clara Ward 22 50.00 


No. Name. Union. Am't. 

8140 James L. Ken- 112 50.00 

5141 Mrs. Mary l'apineau ... 181 50.00 

51 42 Mrs. Ollie M. Taylor ... 8.11 50.00 
8143 Mrs. Grace B. Partington 4^0 „ 50 -°0 

S144 B. Frank Cox 845 200.00 

8145 Frank Smitb 98 200.00 

S146 Mrs. V. D. Gilinas 1775 50.00 

Sty? (Earptfttter 

No. Name. UnioD. Am't. 

S147 Mrs. Mary Bush 1307 50.00 

SMS Anthony J. Flood 482 200.00 

8140 Mrs. Mary F. Fall 158 50.00 

S150 Mrs. Fannie M. Stewart. 339 50.00 



Workmen's Compensation.— Novel Case 
at Ulverston, England. 

We quote from a recent monthly report 
of the General Union of Operative Carpen- 
ters and Joiners, the following: 

"At the Ulverston county court, recently, 
before his honor, Judge Stevenson, a novel 
and interesting point was raised in an ap- 
plication under the workmen's compensation 
act, in the case of John Stone vs. Richard 
Baynes. Mr. E. B. Jackson appeared for 
the applicant, who carries on business as a 
shutter manufacturer, etc., at Eoss Side, near 
Ulverston; and Mr. E. O'Neill Pearson for 
the respondent, Eichard Baynes, a joiner, 
formerly in the employ of the applicant. 

' ' Mr. Jackson, in opening, said he had ap- 
plied for a diminution of the weekly pay- 
ment, but since then he had sent in a notice 
to amend, and now applied for a redemption 
of the amount, to which Mr. Pearson raised! 
no objection. Baynes, it appeared, whilst 
following his employment on the 1st of Octo- 
ber, 1900, met with an injury, resulting in 
the loss of his left hand, which was taken 
off at the wrist. He was then 57 years of 
age, and was earning 30s. a week, thus the 
weekly compensation had been at the rate of 
15s. a week since November 2, 1900. He was 
now 64 years of age, and his yearly pension 
amounted to £39 a year; and he asked his 
honor to fix the sum for the redemption of 
this pension. He desired particularly to draw 
his honor's attention to this point. If 
Baynes had, unfortunately, been killed, his 
relatives would have received the benefit of 
£234; but up to the present time Baynes had 
actually received a total of $258; therefore, 
he was in the fortunate position of having 
received more than his relatives would have 
done if he had been killed, and his age being 
64, he calculated that an annuity on the post- 
office scale would be £390. In fixing the 
amount, however, he asked the judge to take 
into consideration the total amount Baynes 
had already received. He admitted that the 
new compensation act fixed the redemption 
of the weekly payments at the postoffice 

value of an annuity, less 25 per cent. ; but 
the present application was under the old act. 

' ' Mr. Pearson said Br. Bowman was in at- 
tendance but he did not intend to call him, 
as it was admitted that the man would proba- 
bly never be able to work again, and that 
the accident had not shortened the probable 
duration of life. Therefore, he submitted, 
there ought to be no deduction from the 
actuarial amount. 

' ' His honor, in giving judgment, said he 
had considered the application more in the 
light of the new compensation act than of 
the old ,act. He was strongly averse, from 
his experience of such cases, to the payment 
of a lump sum to the man, and the placing 
of the money under his absolute control. 
Looking at all the important decided cases, 
his suggestion was, that the sums he was 
about to award should be invested and paid 
to the man at the rate of 15s. a week every 
twenty-eight days. Mr. Pearson : ' I should 
be glad to adopt that.' Mr. Jackson: 'I 
don 't object in the slightest. ' His honor 
said that being so he had come to the con- 
clusion that he could not do better than 
adopt the provisions of the 17th clause of 
the first schedule of the new compensation 
'act, which would come into force next month, 
and which had been arrived at after very 
careful consideration, and after every in- 
quiry had been made, and circulars addressed 
to every county court judge in the kingdom, 
asking for their opinions on the points ad- 
dressed to them. He felt he ought to be 
guided by the new act, and he proposed to 
be so guided. Therefore he awarded £293, 
which was at the rate of seven years' pur- 
chase, and £13 over, the money to be in- 
vested in the postoffice savings bank, and 
paid out to Baynes by the registrar at the 
rate of 15s. a week every twenty-eight days, 
which would be providing for him until he 
was 71 years of age. He disregarded Mr. 
Jackson's suggestion that the £258 already 
paid should be deducted, because he was pro- 
viding for the future and not for the past. 
Mr. Pearson asked for costs on the "C" 
scale, and this was allowed. ' ' 

Aberdeen. WhsIi. — r,. I.. Alexander. 

Albany, N. Y. — Tlios. Gllniore, Koom 21, Beaver 

Alton. 111.- 0. v. Lowe. 

Atn:i rlllo. Tex. — Sam. Brame. 

Annapolis, Md.- George B. Wooley. 8 West si. 

Ardmore. 1 T. — I). N. Ferguson, Box 522. 

Ashury Park, N. J.— A. I,. Clnyton, 1305 Sum- 
merileld ave. 

Atlanta, Ca. — (Tim. E. Ilickley. SO Central ave. 

Atlantic City. N. J. — W. D. Kauffman, 24 Mt. 
\ ernon ave. 

Auburn, 111. .1 E. Iligglns. 

Aurora, 111. — 13. It. Davis, 72 S. Broadway. 

Baltimore. Md. — Jos. E. Woutlsseth, 418 E. 
Baltimore st. Millmen : J. K. Schilling, 2048 
El, Preston st. 

Barre, Vt. — R. L. Ilnyward. 

Belmnr. N. J. — A. L. Clayton. 824 Central ave. 

Bergen County, N. .T. — M. W. Holly, Box 166. 
Hackensack, N. .T. ; 1-1. B. Mason, 242 
Hackensack st, Rutherford. N. J. 

Binghaniton, N. Y. — Jeremiah Ryan, 153 Wash- 
ington st. 

Birmingham. Ala. — J. A. Mayor, 1924i 1st «v 

Boston, Mass. — J. E. Potts, 30 Hanover si. : 
Colin W. Cameron, 30 Hanover st. : L. U. 
1303 (Wharf and Bridge), Seymour Coffin. 30 
Hanover St.; L. U. 1410, Chas. N. Kimball. 
30 Hanover St. ; L. TJ. 1824, E. Thulin 
< abinetmakers and Millmen) 30 Hanover st. 

Bralnerd, Minn. — Otto Londberg, COS 2d ave., 

Bridgeport. Conn. — J. M. Griffin. GS2 Grand St. 

Brockton. Mass. — Walter Pratt, 158 Main St. 

Brookline. Mass. — Wm. H. Walsh, 16fi Wash- 
ington st. 

Buffalo. N. Y. — Geo. H. Waldow, S7 Mulberry 

Butler, Pa. — 

Butte. Mont. — Wm. Cutts. Box 023. 

Cambridge, Mass. — S. F. McArthur. 8 Maga- 
zine st. 

Camden, N. J. — Reuben Price. 16 Hudson st. 

Canton. 111. — M. Beam. 

Cedar Rapids. la. — A. J. Cronkhite. Room 8 
T'ninn Block. 

Central City. Ky. — James R. Reynolds. 

Charleston. S. C. — 

Charleston. W. Ya. — W. D. Summers, Station A. 

Chattanooga. Tenn. — M. B. Hamilton, 83GJ 
Market st. 

Chelsea. Mass. — T. J. Smvthe, 22 Carter st. 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — C. A. Elliott. 

Chicago. 111. — John A. Metz. president. Room 
502. 56 Fifth ave. : Dan Galvln, secre- 
tary-treasurer and business agent. Room 502, 
56 Fifth ave. ; Wm. C. White, Room 
502, 56 Fifth ave. : L. Schalk. Room 
502. 56 Fifth ave. : No. 1, J. J. Mockler : 
No. 10. Frank Donohue : No. 54. Frank Krev ; 
No. 58, Chas. Grassl ; No. 02. John Mvren ; 
No. SO. Albert Schultz : No. 141. John Broad- 
bent : No. 181. T. F. Church: No. 199. J. B. 
Fitzpatrick : No. 242. John Baeumler ; No. 
272. Herbert Ashton : No. 416, Fred C. 
Lemke : No. 434. J. F. Swallev : Nos. 1307, 
250 and 461, George H. Lakey, Room 502, 56 
Fifth ave. Millmen : Joseph Plachetka, sec- 
retary-treasurer and business agent : No. 14, 
John Kikulski : No. 1367. Jos. Dusek : No. 
1784. Frank Kurtzer; No. 1805. Wm. Ka- 
niewski : John W. Hunter, 501 Cambridge 

Cincinnati. O. — Chas. House. 131S Walnut st. 

Clatrton. Pa. — H. R. Noonan, Box 427. 

Cleveland. O.— J. B. Melcher. 483 Milford St.. 
L. TJ. 1108 : Wm. Plant, 717 Superior st ; 
Phil. Hevl. 717 Superior St. 

CoffeyvIIle. Eas. — W. S. Watson, 804 W. 12th 

Columbus. O. — H. K. Trimble. 228 Hamilton av. 

Concord. N. C. — A. E. Bost. Box 190. 

Corning. N. Y. — C. L. Miller, 239 Decatur st. 

Dallas, Tex. — J. I,. Tones, 100 B, Peak st. 
I >:i ii l.nry. Conn. \V. W. Fox, Bethel. Conn. 
Davenport, la. — P. J. Carlson, 1320 38th St.. 

Rocfi Island, 111. 
Dcnlson, Tex. — J. M. Davis, 420 W. Texas st. 
Denver, Colo. — No. 528. Geo. Selfirt, 2251 

Blake st. ; No. 55. J. M. McLane, 348 S. Trc 

tnont st. 
Dea Moines, la. — J. C. Walker, 411 lib si. 
Derby, Conn.- Steven dinners, 111 Wakolee 

ave.. Ansonla, Conn. 
Detroit. Mich.— Oscar Frlcdland. 28 Bristol st. 
Dorcesler. Mass. — J. E. Eaton, Fields Building. 

Fields Cor, 
Duluth. Minn. — J. II. Baker. 504 2d ave.. E. 
East Boston, Mass. — Hugh McKay, 35 Central 

Fast Palestine. O. — George H. Alcorn. 
Fast St. Louis, III. — A. K. Gnrwlck, 301 Mis- 
souri ave. 
Eau Claire, Wis. — Roy E. Curtis. 825 2d ave. 
Edmonton, Alta, Can. — J. II. Patterson, Box 

Elizabeth, N. J— J. T. Cosgrove, 843 Elizabeth 

El'mtKi. N. Y— A. D. Corwin. 

Enid. Okla.— W. R. Prewett. 510 W. Walnut st. 

Ensley, Ala. — W. T. Hutto. Box 666. 

Evansville. lnd. — John Roddv. 

Fall River. Mass. — F. X. Blanchette. 14 Wil- 
bur St. 

Fairfield. Conn. — II. U. Lyman. Box 224. 

Farmlngton, Mo. — w. J. Dougherty. 

Fort Smith, Ark. — H. P. Gunnawav. Box 280. 

Fort Worth, Tex.— G. P. Lytle, 412 New Or- 
leans St. 

Galveston, Tex. — II. W. E. Rabe. 2012 Ave M. 

Glen Cove. L. I.. N. Y. — Hugh Duffv. 

Grand Rapids. Mich. — F. E. Hunt, 31 Howard 

Granville, III. — Geo. F. Scott. 

Grayville. III. — J. W. Eadlshbaugh. Box 503. 

Great Neck, L. I., N. Y. — Joseph W. Grady. 

Greensburg and Mt. Pleasant, N. Y. — M. 
Touhey, Box 78. Irvington-on-Hudson. 

Greenville, Tex. — J. B. French. 

Hackensack, N. J. — M. W. Holly, 29 Sussex st. 

Hammond. Ind. — Joe Tratebas, 26 Russell st. 

Hartford. Conn. — F. C. Wslz, 247 Putnam st. 

Hartford. Ark. — J. H. More. Gwynn Postofflce. 

Holyoke. Mass. — D. Chatel. Jr. 

Houston, Tex.— W. G. Cook. 4813 Oak st. 

Huntington, W. Va. — L. II. Suddith, 908 Jef- 
ferson ave. 

Ilion. N. Y. — W. C. Mack. 59 Railroad St. 

Indianapolis. Ind. — S. P. Meadows, 54 Virginia 

Ithaca. N. Y. — 

Jackson. Mich. — Geo. J. Johnston, 315 E. 

Jacksonville. Fla.— R. M. Hill. S13 Albert St. 

Jersey City. N. J. — J. R. Burgess. 452 Hoboken 
ave. : James G. Larkln, 359 4th St., Hoboken, 
N. .7. 

Kansas City. Mo.— J. E. Chaffln. 3704 Michigan. 

Kenton and Campbell Counties. Ky. — W. H. 
Boyd. 1147 Columbia St.. Newport, Ky. 

Kewanee. III. — W. H. Whitney, 412 Grace ave. 

Keyport, N. J. — Saml. Strvker. 

Klrkwood. Mo. — G. A. Batting. 

Knoxville. Tenn. — W. H. Block. 

Krebs. I. T.— E. D. Miller. 

Lake County, 111. — W. O. Samson, Waukeean, 

LaSalle. 111.— R. J. Mcintosh. 

Lawrence. Mass. — A. B. Grady, 184 Broadway. 

Lawton. Okla. — X. W. Gatewood. 902 7th s*t. 

Lincoln. Neb. — E. L. BIy. 130 N. Tenth st. 

Lockport. N. Y. — Robt. J. Brown. 

Louisville. Ky. — H. C. Kundert. 804 8th St. 

Los Angeles, Cal. — John Zaring, Station L. 

Lowell. Mass. — M. A. Lee. 48 Bartlett St. 

Lynn. Mass.— C. A. Southard, 62 Munroe st. 

Mayaguez, Porto Rico. — Luis Perocler, Box 101_ 

Marissa, III. — A. F. Jensen. 

McKinney, Tex. — George Hughes. 

Memphis, Tenn. — George R. Christie, Carpen- 
ters' Hall, 97 N. Second. St. 

Middlesex, Mass. — John G. Cogill, 3 Glen 
Court, Maiden, Mass. 

Milwaukee, Wis. — Wm. Griebling, 31S State St. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Martin Wefold, 36 S. 6th 
St. Assistant : Louis Engdahl, 36 S. 6th st. 

Moberly, Mo. — M. B. Menetee, 407 Madison ave. 

Moline, 111. — P. J. Carlson, 1320 38th St., Rock 

Monmouth, 111. — B. K. Brasel, 315 South B St. 

Montclair, N. J. — S. Botterill. 

Montreal, Can. — Jos. Ainey, 127 St. Dominique 
St. ; L. TJ. 134, L. Lefevre, 127 St. Domi- 
nique st. 

Muskegon, Mich. — Jos. M. Epsin, Box 65. 

Mt. Kisco, N. Y. — Fred C. Boessman. 

Nashville, Tenn. — S. W. Everson, 426i Union 

Newark, N. J. — J. M. McLean, 259 S. 10th st. ; 
C. C. Mowell, 107 Oraton st. 

Newport, R. I. — S. Cougdon. 

Newton, Mass. — M. L. Chivers, 251 Washing- 
ton St. 

New Bedford, Mass. — Geo. A. Luce. 29 Willis st. 

New Britain, Conn. — Wm. J. Annis, 148 Curtis 

New Haven, Conn. — J. F. Plunkett, 97 Orange 

New London, Conn. — L. W. Beedle, 105 River- 
view ave. 

New Orleans, La. — W. H. Sims. 1429 Port st. 

New Rochelle, N. Y. — J. E. Martin, 51 Warren 

New York City — For Manhattan : L. E. Storey, 
248 E. 121st st. ; John J. Towers, 178 E. 
87th st. ; Konst Eckert, 243 E. 112th st. : 
Richard Mortan, 300 E. 59th st. (shops and 
unfair trim). For Brooklyn: Henry Erick- 
son, 288 Degraw St. ; Jos. Gleason, 60 
Georgia ave. ; Geo. Hellen, 255 Atlantic ave. : 
E. Bradley, 661 Central ave. (shops and un- 
fair trim). For Bronx: Chas. H. Bausher, 
1370 Franklin ave. ; Chas. Schratt, 1836 
Arthur ave. ; Thos. Dalton, 3309 3d ave. For 
Queens: James Asher, Richmond Hill. 3205 
Jamaica ave.; Phil Gibbons, 131 Witt St., 
Corona, L. I. ; Geo. A. Lynch, Grafton ave.. 
Chester Park, L. I. For Richmond : Chas. 
Lange, 81 Gordon St., Stapleton, S. I. ; Chas. 
Bickel, Huguenot Park, S. I. 

Niagara Falls. N. Y. — W. J. Sweet, 615 ISth St.- 

Norfolk County, Mass. — G. S. Aldrich, 280 
Whiting ave., East Dedham, Mass. 

Norfolk. Va. — J. H. Epperson, 425 Nelson St., 
Portsmouth, Va. 

Northampton, Mass. — Thomas Waldron, 19 La 
Salle ave. 

North Yakima, Wash. — L. H. Shrimpton, R. D. 
No. 2, Box 197. 

Norwich. Conn. — M. J. Kelley, Box 52. 

Nyack, N. Y. — W. S. Edwards. First ave. 

Oakland. Cal. — Edgar Thompson, 368 3d st. 

Ohio Valley D. C. — E. T. Shriver, 908 W. Car- 
lille St., Martins Ferry, O. 

Oklahoma City, Okla. — J. T. Martin, 202 W. 
Grand ave. 

Omaha, Neb. — Jas. Johnson. 3716 N. 30th St. 

Oneida. N. Y. — Elihu Ackerman. 88 Stone st. 

Oshkosh, Wis.. — W. Cheney. 387 Wisconsin ave. 

Owensboro. Ky. — A. L. Hudson. Box 874. 

Paterson. N. J. — Krine Englishman. Helvetia 
Hall, van Houten st. 

Pawtucket, R. I. — Aug. Pigeon, 65 Adams St. 

Pensacola. Fla. — N. Launsberv, Old Armorv 
Bldg., Room 1. 

Peoria, 111. — W. A. DeLong. 

Perth Amboy, N. J. — J. L. Donehue, 9 Maple 
street * 

Philadelphia, Pa. — No. 8, Thos. McDavitt ; No. 
238, Carl Hirseh ; No. 359, Fred Biermaas, 
cor. Broad and Race sts. ; Wm. Langhorn, 
cor. Broad and Race sts. 

Pittsburg, Pa. — H. C. Whitfield, 1009 Wal- 
lace ave.. Wilkinsburg, Pa. ; W. S. Bigger. 
138 Carroll St., Allegheny. Pa. 

Plttsfleld, Mass. — John B. Mickle. 

Pontiac. 111. — C. W. Sylcott, W. Water st. 

Poplar Bluff, Mo. — W. F. Vanderpool. 725 San- 
ders ave. 

Portchester, N. Y. — George Chandler, 111 Adee 

Portland. Ore. — Jas. R. Johnson, 40 E. Grand 

Port Washington, L. I., N. T. — Chas. T. Wig- 

Providence. R. I. — E. M. Pease, 96 Mathew- 
son st. ; No. 632, J. B. McDonald, 96 Mathew- 
son st. 

Qulncy, Mass. — N. A. Johnson, 78 Garfield st. 

Quebec, Can. — Paul Dumont, 128 rue Latoiir- 
elle Fug., St. Jean. 

Rahway, N. J. — L. A. Springer. 

Reading, Pa. — J. P. Goldman, 24 N. 6th st. 

Regiua, Sask., Can. — Fred J. Richards. 

Richmond, Va. — Jas. J. Rankin, Thompson 
Hall, 20 E. Broad St. Millmen : J. W. Wil- 
liams, 601J N. 23d st. 

Roanoke, Va. — L. G. Stultze, 709 2d ave., N. W. 

Rochester, N. Y. — M. G. O'Brien, 39 Reynolds 

Rock Island. 111. — P. J. Carlson, 1320 38th St. 

Roxbury, Mass. — John M. Devine, 429 Dudley 

Rye, N.' Y. — Otto C. Berthold, Portchester. N. Y. 

Saginaw, Mich. — Wm. L. Hutcheson, 115 Du- 
rand st. 

Salem, Mass. — Wm. Swanson, 4 Central st. 

Salt Lake City- 
San Angelo, Tex.— S. M. Shell, Box 694. 

San Francisco — J. Maboney. 205 Guerrero st. ; 
J. J. Swanson, 205 Guerrero st. ; H. Neid- 
linger. 205 Guerrero St.; ,W. W. Freeland, 
205 Guerrero st. : T. P. Farmer, 205 Guer- 
rero st. ; W. Wishart, 205 Guerrero st. ; F. 
Kreamer, 205 Guerrero st. ; F. Heiner, 205 
Guerrero st. 

Santa Monica, Cal. — M. J. Musser, 25 Ashland 
ave., Ocean Park, Cal. 

Savannah, Ga. — A. J. Sears. 409 Anderson st. 

Schenectady, N. Y. — Chas. Gould, Scotia, N. Y. 

Scranton. Pa. — E. C. Patterson, 222 Lacka- 
wanna ave. 

South Bend, Ind. — M. E. Wright, 126 E. Don- 
ald St. 

South McAlester, I. T. — R. E. Lee. 

Spadra, Ark. — J. A. Jones. 

Spokane, Wash. — H. Windebank, 9 Madison st. 

Springfield, 111. — H. Schamel, 1440 N. 3d st. 

Springfield, Mass. — W. J. La Francis, 14 Lom- 
bard st. 

Springfield and Millburn, N. J. — Fred H. Pier- 

St. Cloud, Minn. — John Ahler, 15 Ave. S. 

St. Louis, Mo. — Secretary D. C, J. E. Span- 
gler, 1026 Franklin ave. : No. 5, Alvin Hohen- 
stein, 4417 Alaska ave. ; No. 45, Emile Ruhle, 
2842 Manchester ave. : No. 47, Jas. Trainer. 
1629 Grattan st. ; No. 73, T. W. Melville, 1026 
Franklin ave. : No. 73, Chas. R. Gore. 1306 
Olive st. ; No. 257, John Lyons, 4231 Easton 
ave. ; No. 578. L. H. Proske, 1026 Franklin 
ave. : No. 1100. Thos. J. Crowe, 2112 Carr 
St. ; No. 1329, John Anderson, 4059 Chouteau 
ave. : No. 1596, Jos. A. Burhorst, 1026 
Franklin ave. 

St. Joseph, Mo.— B. M. Schooley, 411 N. 16th 

St. Paul. Minn.-^Jas. Welsh, 73S Van Buren PI. 

Summit, N. J. — John II. Pheasant, 15 Orchard 

Superior, Wis. — A. L. Stanchfield 2212 Banks 

Syracuse, N. Y. — James A. Horton, 10 Clinton 

Tacoma, Wash. — W. A. Rowe, 1401 Anderson st. 
Tampa, Fla. — 

Terre Haute. Ind. — R. W. Grim. 826 N. 7th st. 
Toledo, O. — D. G. Hoffman, 1312 Hoag st. 
Toluca. 111. — Frank McCoy, Box 8. 
Toronto. Ontario, Can. — C. A. Wells, 167 

Church st. 
Tuxedo. N. Y. — Wm. S. Percy. 
Trenton, N. J. — Geo. W. Adams, 116 Bayard st. 
Troy, N. Y. — J. G. Wilson. Box 65. 
Waco, Tex. — W. B. Fason. 1515 Cumberland. 
Walla Walla. Wash. — M. E. Cutting. 
Wallingford, Conn. — Wm. Burke. 21 Sylvan ave. 
Washington. D. C. — Geo. Crosby, Room 35 

Huchins Bldg. 
Waterbury, Conn. — T. G. Smith, 132 S. Main 

Waukegan, 111. — L. E. Schooley, 123 Catalpa 

West Palm Beach, Fla. — G. W. Taylor. 
Wichita, Kas. — J. E. Palmer, 114 W. Lewis st. 
Winnipeg. Man., Can. — C. J. Harding, Trades 

Hall, James st. 
White Plains. N. Y. — J. G. Knapp. 4 Baker ave. 
Wilkes-Barre. Pa.. Wyoming Valley D. C. — M. 

E. Sanders. Box 180. Wyoming, Pa. ; John 

J. Casey, 31 W. Market st. 
Wilmington, Del. — James E. Thomson. 626 E. 

5th st. 
Worcester, Mass. — John Hanigan, 109 Front St. 
Wyandotte. Mich. — Otto F. Pioker, Alkali st. 
Yo'nkers, N. Y. — Wm. Wyatte, 179 Ashburton 

Youngstown, O. — J. L. Smith, 215 Frances st. 

SIMPSON, \KTIII K B., of L. U. 129 ii WETSCHI, EDWAKD, of L. U. 183, 

huii.i, Qa. Peoria, III. 

OSW \X. LOUIS, of h. U. 711, \H. Carmel, SMITH, CHAS. W., of L. U. 1451, Monte- 

Pa. rey, Cal. 

More Money for Carpenters. 
our man; yours' experience with carpenters 
nod wood finishers proves that they are a 
progressive, hard-working class of men, ready 
nnd anxious m all 
times to Increase 
their efficiency and 
earning capacity. For 
this reason we have 
just published n 
n''\v illustrated book- 
let "Brush up Busi- 
ness." which con- 
tains many definite, 
practical suggestions 
to carpenters and 
wood finishers for 
making more money, 
by the use of John- 
son's Trepared Wax. 
Johnson's Wood Dyes, Johnson's Paste Wood 
Filler and Johnson's Electric Solvo. 

There is plenty of easy money In every city 
and town awaiting the carpenter who Is am- 
bitions and enterprising enough to "go after 
It." This booklet tells you how to get this 
money whether you are employed or not. Write 
for it today to S. C. Johnson & Son. Racine. 
Wis.. "The World's Wood Finishing Authori- 

The Finch Distilling Co. of Pittsburg, 
Pa., on the Fair List 

To All Organized Labor. Greeting: 

We desire to announce that we have 
reached a satisfactory settlement with the 

Finch Distilling Co. of Pittsburg, Pa., and 
havo requested the A. F. of L. to remove 
them from the "We Don't Patronize List." 
You will please take notice and publish this 
item in your official paper if you have one. 
Thanking you for assistance rendered in 
this struggle, and with best wishes for your 
future success, we remain, 
Yours fraternally, 
.T. A. CABLE, Int. Sec.-Treas. 

Leonhart's Straight Edge Level 

Try one. Money refunded if not satisfied. 
Ask your dealer, or send 50c to 

R. LEONHART, - San Ansclmo, Calif. 

/. '■::,■-'■./.'" 





TVe call your attention hereto 
the only tool ever Invented to gain 
out the scats for Butt Hinges In 
Jjoors and Jamba. 

It I* a Tool that can be Instantly 
attached to any chisel and will cut 
out the seat fora hinge In one-halt 
the time required by the ordinary 
llutt Chisel rrocess.anddo It easi- 
er and better. It works to a gauge 
both In width and depth and is ad- 
Just Ible In every way. It Is n.adeof 
steel and nk-ely finished. We ask 
you to give It a trlulond If notsat- 
1-fled your money will be returned. 

Price by Mail, 50 cents 

Ail dress 

The J. E. Howell Mfg. Co. 

818 Laurel St. CINCINNATI. OHIO 

Iff tttfty 


f f f f f f f f 




Everywhere, in all corners of the 
earth, there may be found I. C. S 
students — students studying for 
better positions, larger salaries, sue 
cessful lives, and happy self-dependent old 
age. There are over a million of them — just 
think of it — more than twenty times as many 
students as the largest American university has 
had in 270 years! You can find them on the farms 
of New Zealand; in the mines of South Africa; in 
the machine shops of England; and in the shops 
and offices of America. Men in all conditions of 
life, from the carpenter working at unsteady jobs, 
at small wages and with a large family to support, 
to the high salaried official that wishes to broaden 
his knowledge to take advantage of-opportuuities 
for further prorno.tion." In our 16 years' experi- 
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to better their conditions. What does this mean 
to YOU? It means, no matter what your circum- 
stances are, that the I. C. S. offers you an easy 
\ and sure way to secure advancement — the most 
|8 practical way in the world. These are not mere 
\\ idle words; they are absolute facts proved by actual 
V 1 statistics. Let them sink into your mind; and 
\ \ if you really and seriously would like to 
1 ■■) better your position and earnings, send 
X) us the coupon below. It positively costs 
!»» you nothing but a 
H| postage stamp to do 



International Correspondence Schools 
Box 1069, Scranton, Pa. 

Please explain, without further obligation on my 

part, how I can qualify for a larger salary and 

advancement to the position before 

which I have marked X. 


Architect*! Draftsman 
Building Inspector 
Contractor & Builder 
Structural Engineer 
Mechanical Engineer 
Mechanical Draftsman 
Civil Engineer 
Steam Engineer 
Marine Engineer 
Machine Designer 

Electrical Engineer 

Electric -Railway Supt 

Electric-Lighting Supt 


Heat, and Vent. Eng. 

Ad Writer 



Civil Service Exams. 

French 1 With 

German > Edison 

Spanish J Phonograph 

Street and No._ 


When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

T V 1 I T T I T I OIK ABVKHTISKKH f jf * ff f f f f 

A New Tool 


for Carpenters! 

Price $3.50 

What some Mechanics say about it: 

Tivl!iiimiinlK.1n!y IB. 1W7. 

MfiGalhoon has demonstrated the workings 

1 I >of> ire tlie various loral unions unil 
lM-n-u-t Council or thin city, and wo bellove It 
I* tin* beat mechanical dei Ice of Its kind ever 
but on tiio market. Chas. I'. Bacon President, 
Z. F. Carrlgan, Secretary. 

Cleveland, Ohio, Oct. T, HOI 
Mr. Oalhoon: After cxftininiiiH your Rafter 
nmi roiyeon lievot would say that I consider It 
one of too most complete FromlnR toolslhave 
seen. O. CKanoimurhor. Hccbanical Labora- 
tory, Case School Applied Science, 
Cleveland. Oct. IS. 1007. 
Mr. Oalhoon has demonstrated the workings 

of the tool before the Carpentere'Dlstrlcl 

ell, nmi the Carpenters' DlstrlctCouncllof Cuy- 
aho£a County has endorsed thoKomc. 

Phil Hyle. President 
.1. B. Melcher. Secretary. 

The Rafter and Polygon Bevel is a hand- 
some, practical, durable tool particularly adapted 
to cutting rafters, etc.. and it should be in the 
hands of every carpenter and joiner in the coun- 
try. The calculations in cuts, pitches, lengths, 
etc., given on this tool are more nearly correct 
than can be found on any square on the market, 
the calculations having been carried out to the 
hundredth part of an inch. 

Itistheembodyment of the draft-board, square, 
try-square, bevel-square, plumb, level and bevel- 
protractor in one small compact and convenient 

Merchants can be supplied by any of the fol- 
lowing Wholesale Jobbers of Cleveland, Ohio. 




Any reader of this Magazine can secure one of these tools 
by remitting S3. 50 di*ect to 


A. O. CALHOON, Patentee, Victor, Mo. Cleveland, Ohio 



Every brother should wear the emblem 
in some form to prove his affiliation with 
this organigation. 

Pins, rolled gold, 25c each. , 

Buttons, rolled gold, 25c each 

Charms, rolled gold, $1.25 

Cuff Buttons, rolled gold, 50c 
per pair. 

Cuff Buttons, solid gold. $2.00 per pair. 
Watch Fobs, Oxidized Silver, With Fine 

Heavy Strap, 50 Cents Each. 

Business Agents' Badges, German Silver, 

$3.50 Each. 

Orders should be sent in by local unions 
and not by individual members, and will 
be promptly filled when remittance is re- 
ceived at the General Office. 



This it what you have been 
looking (or 

The improved "Gem Scriber" 

PRICE, 30o Patented 

Useful to all mechanics- carpenters especially. Takes 
the place of the compass, and being very small (cut 
is two -thirds of actual size), it can be carried in the 
vest pocket <IAsk your "Hardware Dealer" for it. 
If he does not carry them in stock insist that he get it 
for you. Manufactured exclusively by 

F. BRAIS & CO., 1349 90th St, N. L 


Mr. Carpenter! 

$500.00 in Cash. S250.00 in Premiums. First Prize S100.00 

Pullman Mfg. Company, rocheYteTn.t, 

Send for 

'" ^mto STONE^ TS 

Cyclopedia of Architecture, Car- 
entry and Building 

Ten volumes, page size 7x10 inches. Handsomely 
bound in red half morocco. Over 4,000 pages ; 1 ,500 illustrations, 
full page plates, plana, sections, etc. DeLuxe books in every par- 

There are over 200 plans of artistic moderate 
priced houses, chosen by a staff of architects as typical of the 
best work of the best architects of the entire country — invaluable 
to anyone contemplating building or alterations. Also a chapter of 
valuable practical problems in construction, based on the Rotch 
Scholarship Examinations of Boston, compiled and solved by 
S. T. Strickland, Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris, with Chap. 1 1. 
Rutan, of Shepley, Rutan & Coolidge, the well-known firm of 
Architects, as collaborator. 

Reinforced Concrete. The progressive architect, car- 
penter or builder is eagerly seeking all the information possible 
on Reinforced Concrete. Concrete is being used more and more 
j in construction of dwellings and business buildings, factories, etc. Many architects and builders are specializing 
j in reinforced concrete work. It willpayyou to secure the Cyclopedia if for no ather reason than to get the infoirr-a 
tion it contains on this important subject. If you are a young man, it opens up an exceptional field of stud; 
for you which will repay you well for your investment of time and money. 

In order to advertise the superior methods of instruction of the American School o' 
Correspondence, Chicago, a limited number of sets of this great Cyclopedia will be fold al 
one-third regular price. We believe our books offer the best method of acquaintinfi the 
public with the superiority of our regular courses of instruction, as the books are compiled 
from our instruction papers. We employ no agents. 


=$19.80 instead of $60.00= 

Free for examination. Sent by prepaid express. Pay $2.00 within 5 days and $2 .00 a month thereafter. If 
not adapted to your needs, notify us to send for them at our expense. 

A Few of the Many Subjects Included in this Work: 
Estimating, Superintendence, Contracts and Specifications, The Law of Building Contracts, 
Carpentry, Materials, Masonry, Reinforced Concrete, Cement, Testing, Mixing, Frost 
Effects, Finishing, Construction Forms, Elasticity, Resistance, Retaining Walls, etc., Founda- 
tions, Stair Building, Framing, Steel Square, Plastering, Hardware, Painting, Glazing, Heat- 
ing, Furnace, Steam, Hot Water, Plumbing, Ventilation, Electric Wiring, Bells, L'ghts, 
Burglar Alarms, Steel Construction, Elevators, Practical Problems in Construction, Archi 
tectural, Mechanical, Freehand and Perspective Drawing, Blue Printing, Shades and Shadows, 
Architectural Lettering, Rendering in Pen and Ink and Wash, Water Color Hints for tK 
Draftsman, the Greek and Roman Orders of Architecture, Sheet Metal Pattern Drafting 
Roofing, Tinsmithing, Sheet Metal Cornices, Skylights, Test Questions. 

When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

ffyyyyffl (tint advkhtishhh I y j § y § f § § "j 


Measuring Tapes and Rules 

Every leit proves them luperior lo all other*. A trial will convince you 

the fuFK/N Pule ftp. 









"Ohio Tools do the World's Work" 

Out catalog Number U may be had for the aslcios- It lists a very complete line ol 

Planes, both Iron and Wood Gouges 

Auger Bits Drawing Knives 

Chisels Spoke Shaves 

Bench and Hand Screws, Etc. 

Wood Working Machinery 

For ripping, cross-cutting, mitering, rabbeting 
grooving, dadoing, boring, scroll and band saw 
ing. edge-molding, beading, mortising, etc. 
Built for hard work, accurate work and long serv- 
Send for catalogue "A." 

22 Water St 

Seneca Falls Mfg. Go. 



That the best made shoes — the shoes made under the best 
manufacturing conditions — the shoes that best stand wear 
— bear the Union Stamp, as shown herewith. . 

Ask your dealer for Union Stamp shoes, and if he can 
not supply you write 

246 SUMMER ST., 

Boot & Shoe Workers' Union, 

When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 



f f f f f f ff OUR ADVERTISERS ffffffff 


Parquety No. 60, Laid Straight 

Hardwood Floors 

are recognized by authorities as the most elegant and 

high-class floors on the market. If you are interested 
=g! in hardwood floors you cannot afford to be without 
Ss our new Illustrated Floor Catalog containing the 

latest original designs. Mail us the coupon below 

today and get it FREE. 

I You See 

Every Johnson Hardwood Floor is the product of 20 
years' close attention to the manufacture of fine hardwood floors. 

Every Johnson Hardwood Floor is of the most care- 
fully selected stock from the woods of Wisconsin. Michigan 
and Minnesota, which our location gives us special advantage 
in obtaining. 

Every Johnson Hardwood Floor is cured and finished 
with the utmost caution in every detail by the world's most 
skillful workmen who have been in our employ for years. 

Every Johnson Hardwood Floor is absolutely guaran- 
teed to be first-class.. We stand back of it with our reputation. 

Please note the three floor designs in this advertise- 
ment, and the following prices on same: 

Parquetry No. 60. 12x12 inches. Parquetry No. 811. Oak. 
Plain Oak, 1 3c sq. ft. Maple and Cherry. 42c sq. ft. 

Quartered Oak, 18c sq.ft. 

Border No. 721. 16-inch. Oak and Dark Oak. A 

60c lineal ft. Corners $ 1 .00 each. AW- 

We have hundreds of other beautiful designs in our catalog Ay A 

Any good carpenter can easily lay our floors over old floors. AW/ AW 

We have just published our new Illustrated Catalog Aw-:' AW 
of Ornamental and Plain Hardwood Floors. !t is AW<PA* 
the most elaborate and complete catalog of its AW^ASr 
kind, and should be in the hands of every A9r®Jw core 
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ested in floors. It contains valuable infor- AW Aw WUrON 
nation about floors' — Ornamental, Plain J&^Aw S C JOHNSON 
and Parquetry — and about different Av^Aw * ^0N 

kinds of wood. Please fill out the Aw&AW' Racine. Wis. 

coupon below, mail and we will Aw^AW w 
send caialog FREE. Write AW&AW T" 8 f° " 

• j AWw^Amr on m ^ P art - P' ease send me 

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• **• JSff-' awW lustrated catalog of Ornamental 

JOHNSON & SON jAV \AV and Plain Hardwood Floors. 

"The Wood-Finish- awF/ a4\* 
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No Bait 
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For Workmanship f n _ 

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Features / Jw "" 

is unsurpassed / /// j^f Q^^g 

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man :: :: :: :: :: :: :: :: 

Our No. 8 Gatalog containing 
over 300 Tools fully described and il- 
lustrated will be sent free to any address 
on request. 

If this Drill is of interest to you, you will find 
many others in our Gatalog that you will like to 
look over. 

Goodell-Pratt Company 

Greenfield, Mass., U. S. A. 


When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

It is the first step that counts, whether you are learning to walk or 

trying to get on in life. The first step was hard, but it gave you confidence. 

Don't stand hesitating now, dissatisfied with the present, dreading the future; make up 

your mind to advance in your present position, or if it has become distasteful, select some 

other field of effort where you cao adapt your own tastes to your work. 

The American School of Correspondence, Chicago, is constantly fitting thousands of 

ambitious young men in architects offices or in the employ of contractors or builders, to obtain 

practical information which ordinarily could be acquired only after long apprenticeship. The instruction 

is of great value to the carpenter, contractor and others engaged in building, as great stress is laid on 

the practical as well as the artistic side of the work. The courses offer experienced draftsmen and 

practicing architects an opportunity to make up deficiencies in their early professional training. 

The information on reinforced concrete will be found especially valuable. In the architectural course* the 
student is taught the theory of the design of trusses, girders, columns and framing. Building materials, building 
construction and details— especially steel construction as applied to work in reinforced concrete- -sheet metal 
work, fire-proofiing, wiring, piping, heating and ventilating systems, building superintendence, specifications 
and contracts, building laws and permits and general office practice are thoroughly discussed. 

Take the first step today. Put some of your spare time into self-improvement. Half an hour a day 
spent in study instead of amusement will give you more time, more money, more pleasure, more opportunities 
later in life. The American School offers you the opportunity if you only have the ambition to grasp it. 

We employ no agents.We carry on our work by correspond- 
ence only. Your tuition money is paid to competent teachers for 
instructing you and not to agents for annoying you. 


We will send you, without extra charge, a set of the "Reference 
Library of Modern Engineering Practice," in 12 volumes, 6,000 
pages; page size 7x10 inches, provided you enroll in a full course 
before February 1st, 1908. This is the most complete and au- 
thoritative reference work on Engineering Practice ever published. 

Mark the subject on the coupon that interests you most, sign your name and 
address plainly, and mail at once. Take the first step today. 




Check and Mail Today Carp. 1-'08 

American School of Correspondence. 

* Please send me FREE illustrated 200-page 
hand-book describing over 60 Engineering 
courses. 1 am interested in course marked X. 
■ . Carpenter's Course . . Metal Roofing 

■ -Con.& Bids'. Course. -Cornice Work 

■ -Reinforced Concrete- - Tinsmithing 

- -Steel Construction . -Structural Eng. 

- -Complete Arch. . -Mechanical Eng. 
. -Mech. Drawing . -Civil Engineering. 
. -Arch. Drawing . Tool Maker's Course 

. -Arch. Engineering 
- Heat. .Vent., Plum. 




-Electrical Ens- 

. College Prep. Course 

WHEN W$!TIN<3 TO Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

p?~t f if f f f f | oru AovmmsnHs |fVVTVV?f 


Die \**l method for obtaining a perfectly smooth polished surface it by llic uw* of the 

"Electric Floor Scraper 


It will pay for ilirlf in ihrrr days' ust— oa it doei the work of both the Jock Plane 
■in ti I (,ind Scraper — cheaper and belter. 

Carpenters and Contractor! mini investigate this tool if (hey wiih to obtain IrM l*-*t 
results for hardwood floor*. 

Price only $1 5.00, and you get your money back very quickly in time and labor 
saved and in improved results. 

Descriptive booklet sent free, 

Cobbs & Mitchell, Inc., Cadillac, Michigan 


should carry his WORKING CARD every day in my Case with 

FOLDER containing the most practical Steel Square and Roof 


FOLDER in Case with Pockets 25c d» 1 f\f\ 


DESIGNING. Finely Illustrated - 50c T* ,vv 

D. L. STODDARD, Secy 281, 328 W. Raymond St., Indianapolis, Ind. 



Send today 

for our FREE book and descriptive mailer telling all about the profits that can be made in the 
manufacture of concrete building blocks, window sills and lintels. Sand, water and cement 
only materials required. 

With ft FRANCIS BLOCK MACHINE any man of ordinary ability can 
make from $8 to $1 5 a day. No capital or experience necessary. No loss 
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Make the blocks in BAD WEATHER andduring slack times, building up a perma- 
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damp-proof, frost-proof, fire-proof and will not crack or crumble. Contractors and builders 
in your town need your entire output. Write todayfor our Free Brick Machine Offer. 



plane in the world. Where not soid we will *end a sample Self-Setting Plane for trial, all express 

prepaid by us on receipt of list price. 

After trial if you prefer your money to the plane, for any reason, return the 
plane to us, as sent, at our expense within thirty days of receipt and we will return 
you the entire amount you sent us, and the trial will not cost you a cent. 

Send us $3.00 and Jet us send you a plane on trial, then return it as above if 
il is not worth twice its price. Always mention this paper, The Carpenter, which 
guarantees that we will do as we advertise. 
What a Califormia carpenter says: 

SAN FRANCISCO, June 4, 1907. 
GAGE TOOL CO.. Vineland. New Jersey. 

Dear Sir: — Some time ago I bought of you a smoothing plane XXX. I have 
never used a tool that gives such satisfaction as the Gage Self-Setting Plane. They are 
as near perfection as any plane can be made. If you know of any firm in S. F. handling 
your planes, please let me know, as I want to get a set of them, and if I cannot get them 
here will lend to you for them. Please «blige 

Yours truly, 
1 33 Pierce Street, San Francisco. Cal. F. A. BENTZ. 

We sent Mr. Bentz the following names of dealers who sell our planes in San 
Francisco: PaiaceHdw. Co., PacificHdw.& Steel Co., Ed. Jones.Frick Wills Hdw. 
Co., and in Oakland, Smith Bros. Hdw. Co. and Montgomery Osborn Hdw. Co. 

When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

ffffffff OUR ADVERTISERS ffffffff 

Note the Temper of that Saw 

stand this test before it leaves our 
factory. 1^ They've got to be the high- 
est quality of Steel and well made to 
pass our inspection <[ We are the first 
and only Saw Manufacturers in the 
United States to put the Union Label 
on Saws :::::::::• 

See That 
Label is 

on every 
LABEL | Saw you 

tL of Iff B«y 


and you will be sure to get a good 
article if it's made by WILSON— that's 
all. Now it's up to you : : : : : 

Wilson Saw & MTg. Co. 

Main Office and Factory 



Branch Agencies 


When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

9ffVVfft OTTH ADVKUTISHHS |f||||tj 


This complete Library of five volumes sent on 
approval. We return your dollar If not satis- 
fied and will prepay all express charges both ways 



5 Volumes. 1,500 Pages. 2,000 Illustrations. 200 Modern House Plans. 
This is the finest Library relating to Carpentry, Building and Architecture ever placed upon the 
market. It is the only Library of its kind ever SENT ON APPROVAL — and for ONLY ONE 
DOLLAR down and One Dollar per month for four months. WE RETURN YOUR MONEY IF NOT 
SATISFIED. This Library is bound in Red Morocco and English Olive Green Cloth, Gilt Tops, Gold 
Leal Lettering. Every Contractor and Carpenter should have this Library because it treats of 
everything pertaining to the building of a house, besides containing 200 plans of low and medium 
priced houses, which will interest his customer as well as himself. Every Carpenter and Mechanic, 
or old. will train valuable information from it. 
Is Professional Men, such as Lawyers. Doctors, Ministers and Teachers, have their own particular 
ies, to which it is necessary for them to refer from time to time to refresh their memories, so 
should every Contractor, Carpenter and Mechanic have his Library relating to Carpentry, Building 
and Architecture, to which he may refer when occasion requires. 




Enclosed please find One Dollar, for which send me, express paid, one set of the Radford Library, I 
agreeing to pay 51 .00 a month for four months If 1 And the Library as represented, with the privilege of 
returning In five days if not satisfactory. 



State - 

Reference (This is not necessary with any business firm.) 

When - Writing to Apvehtisees Please Mention This Magazine. 

Do You Want an Automobile? 

Of Course You Do 


How would it seem to have a 1 0-horse power, two cylinder, double 

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The National Builder is the oldest and most widely read building publication 
in the field today and is the only journal that publishes the complete working plan 
of a modern house drawn to scale in each issue. FRED T. HODGSON, with 
whose writings every carpenter in America is familiar, IS THE EDITOR. 

Write today for particulars of our splendid Automobile offer. This is the 
opportunity of a lifetime. Address 


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Chisels, Gouges, Turning Tools, Pattern Makers' Gouges, Fine Beveled Edge Chisels 


Carving bF* 
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JOHN H. GRAHAM & CO., Sole Agents, 113 ch n a e T f v r Ir s k reet - 



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Bits . . . 

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When Whiting to Advertisers 


Chester, Conn., U. S. A. 

Please Mention This Magazine. 

I I » y I I I » I «»i-u advkutishhs | y y y i i y i l 


Arc the newest, cleverest and mosl satisfactory In ase, and the Hrst 

i" i acred al Ii a price thai every ui late mechanic 

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Other tools are very good tools, but "Yankee" tools are better 

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Xo. r.O— RECIPROCATING DRILL for Wood or Metals. 

Our "Yankee" Tool Book tells all about these and some others, and is mailed free on application to 

North Brothers Manufacturing Co. ra^L^^T""*: 

When Whiting to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

itffftfffl OUR ADVERTISERS | ffffff ffj 

^OWW— — — XWaW .iiiii — —— — ■ i iy 

Carpenters, Please Take Notice! 

ROR the past four years we have advertised the new up-to-date 
works of FRED T. HODGSON. He is, without the question of 
doubt, the only authority on Building matters the workman in 
this and other countries will admit, and every mechanic who has been 
so fortunate as to procure his latest works will SWEAR BY HIM, 
from the fact that HE WRITES SO THAT ANYONE WHO CAN 

Since he has been writing FOR US EXCLUSIVELY and we hav- 
ing sold upward of ONE MILLION COPIES of these valuable Books 
to the workmen of this and other countries, there has been issued by 
other publishers some volumes under similar titles, which might con- 
vey to the workman an idea that the3 T were Fred T. Hodgson's original 
new works as published by us. So to notify those who are likely to pur- 
chase these new volumes by MR. HODGSON, under the titles of 

Modern Carpentry and Joinery. 

Modern Carpentry, No. 2, Advanced Series. 

Common Sense Stair Building and Handrailing. 

Modern Estimator and Contractors' Guide. 

The Builder and Contractors' Guide to Correct Measurements. 

Easy Lessons in the Art of Practical Wood Carving. 

A Treatise on the Practical Uses of the Steel Square 

Up-to-Date hardwood Finisher. 

Concretes, Cements, Mortars, Plasters, Stuccos, 

How to Make and How to Use Them. 

Builders' Architectural Drawing Self-taught. 
20th Century Bricklayers' and Masons' Assistant. 

* Encyclopedia of Carpentry and Building. Nine Large Volumes 

* Cyclopedia of the Building Trades. Six Volumes. 

* (These last two sets are sold by subscription only) 

We warn you, if you want the new and up-to-date works be sure that 
they bear the above titles and also the COPYRIGHT OF FREDERICK 

Our volumes are not made up of the matter which was contained 
now being offered by others and enlarged by articles that have 
We GUARANTEE our books are the latest books from MR. HODG- 
SON'S PEN, and to substantiate our claim we will respectfully refer 
you to Mr. Hodgson, who may be reached by writing him at his home 

REMEMBER, if you intend buying works of this character and 
want the NEW AND UP-TO-DATE EDITIONS, be sure you get the 
volumes containing the copyright of Frederick J. Drake & Company. 

SOLD EVERYWHERE! <I Thanking you very kindly for past 
favors, and soliciting continuance, we are, Yours very truly, 

FREDERICK J. DRAKE & COMPANY, 350 Wabash Ave., Chicago, 111. 


(New 1907 Edition. 
Two Volumes. 
Do Dot conttnie 
this title with the 
old edition, which 
bean the title of 
"Steel Square and 
Its Uses." pub- 
lished 30 years ago. 

When Whiting to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

■ I ■ t I I I ■ 


f If f tf t? 

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A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, 
Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries 

Entered February 13, 1903, at Indianapolis, Indiana, as second-class mailmatter, under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 

Volume XXVIII— No. 
Established in 1881 


One Dollar Per Year 
Ten Cents a Copy 



Walter W. Sheat 

A boy sat dreaming near a summer brook. 
Dreaming of things to come, and yet content 
To view the landscape with enraptured look; 
The sunset bars of gold, with crimson blent, 
Filled all his soul with silent wonderment; 
His was a sacred joy beyond compare, 
To think this earth had scenes so wondrous fair. 

Long years have passed; the boy hath learned his share 

Of knowledge of the toil that daily strives; 

How earth is filled with bitter dark and care, 

And ceaseless want broods darkly o'er the lives 

Of city — haunting toilers, men and wives. 

How can his heart do otherwise than grieve 

That earth has dens where ruffians cheat and thieve? 

Oh, that the course of time could back return, 
When sunset skies could yield a perfect peace, 
When every slope, ablaze with golden fern, 
E'en in decay showed beauty's rich increase, 
And every skylark's song bade sorrow cease, 
Before the innocent mind had learnt to scan 
How God's fair earth is marred by sins of man. 

But wherefore backward gaze with fond regret? 

Canst thou not learn the lesson God. would teach? 

His face is forward, and His laws have set 

No limit to His forecast's boundless reach ; 

If even here, at times, joy visits each 

Whose mind, is pure, conceive what joys may thrill 

A world unsoiled by crime, untouched by ill! 

Look forward! Though thy mind must fail to guess 
The vast developments of endless time, 
Believe that He, whose srnile doth ever bless 
This sinful earth, can, in His plan sublime, 
Complete a universe that knows no crime. 
Serve faithfully; help them that err and wait; 
God in good time throws wide the golden gate. 


? (Harjmitcr 


.1 -hi B. Powell.) 

>\ 'I' I (i \ .\ i.. interne 
tional :in. I local or- 
ganizations "i labor 
and their press have 

long bci'Il i ducat illg 

youths of the eounl r; . 
beginning with ap- 
prent iceship and grad- 
uating them with 
diplomas that qualify 
.•ill to master the 
brightest and brainiest 
problems of industrial science and con- 
struction. We all know it is an eminent 
honor to train the human mind in the high- 
est ideals of life. No less is the .listine- 
tion of inculcating principles high in pre- 
cept and valuable in practice. When we 
see these two exertions made by persons, 
whether by individual or collective action. 
who are supposed or known to be moved 
by a spirit that commands the beautiful 
au.l pure, the real and the true, hope gath- 
ers strength of realizing every ideal. If, 
however, there appear indications of ignor- 
ance, inability, injustice, cruelty and 
wrongdoing, honor, self-respect and truth 
regret the strain thus thrown upon human 
character and reputation, rising finally in 
condemnation of their injurious aim and 

Many an incident is of value. One 
comes to me which not only shows the 
strain upon but develops the beauty of 
that gem of noble, intelligent, industrious 
life — truth. It appears in the mind of 
Franklin Clark, a "digger" for Winder, 
the plumber. Clark was of that class 
called "laborers," of whom, however, noth- 
ing derogatory is to be said. His "I be 
thinking," "Be you there" and "I reck- 
on you be right," indicated former resi- 
dence in some New England state, Maine 
being the one. He belonged to no labor 
union, none of his following existing. Nev- 
ertheless he was a friend to organized la- 
bor and so expressed himself in his own 
peculiar way. 

' ' The boss nor George be in favor of 
the unions," said he to the plumber's 
helper, a stout, strong lad under sixteen 

years Ol Bge and in the lirst year of Ins 

apprent iceship, ' ' but had I lei I 

t rada I wi this ditch foi 

15 ei nt- :mi iiMin , Suppoi o 1 had I i 

a Qrst-class plumber, I would be earning 
15 cents e\ eri hour and eight instead of 
ten would end I he day. Ed. Swope 's dob 
thai while Qeorge works ten bout 
gets $2.75. The fellow thai belongs to the 
union, Charlie, doesn't work so hard or bo 
lung, but gets better pay and has a better 
chance of living to o good old age." 

"Oh, that 's all right, Dad," returned 
Charlie, "They had no trade schools u hi d 
you was a boy as they have now." 

"Who didn't, Charlie?" 

"The bosses. I'm going to attend one 
and learn this business in half the time I 
can in this way." 

"You be mistaken, Charlie," replied 
Clark. "Every union man teaches a boy 
better than he is or ran be taught in any 
school or college where teachers give out 
only a lot of imaginations but no experi- 
ence, Eor most of 'em never worked at any 
of the trades they talk about. Chaps from 
such schools lose a job about as quick as 
they get one, for the bosses are not slow 
in telling them they've a whole lot to learn 
yet," and Mr. Clark was not reciting a 
mere ' ' object ' ' lesson, but, in a conversa- 
tional way, he gave primary instructions 
ami bounded on to the 6nished courses of 
industrial attainments. 

As he comes back to me I lay what he 
said upon my table of comparison and 
weigh his words with statements from 
''American Industries," which claims to 
be "the manufacturers' paper," though 
we know some manufacturers who assert 
it has no fight to represent or claim sup- 
port from them. The title, however, is 
true, to a certain extent, as it commends 
the manufacturer as the highest and great- 
est and the workingman as the lowest and 
smallest factor as an industrial element. 
The eye is certainly blinded in the search 
to find who writes its editorials. However, 
we accept it as a legitimate publication, 
though we would rejoice if truth obtained 
throughout its columns. 

It lauds an "appeal" for "recognition" 
(from -our public school system) of "The 
National Society for the Promotion of In- 
dustrial Education." This promotion, says 
the organ, "is an element of great signifi- 
cance in the development of our indus- 
tries. ' ' What kind of an " element ' ' is 
it. How "great" is its "significance?" 
I have heard that there is such a society — 
on paper, but a persistent doubt inquires 
whether its teaching, if it have any, have 
appeared in text-book form and are so val- 
uable and broad that the youth of the land 
may properly, safely and consistently ac- 
cept them as reliably instructive. "It is 
a fact," says the paper, "that the growth 
of our American industries, especially in 
mechanical trades, is endangered by an in- 
sufficient supply of properly trained skilled 
mechanics',"' and I am ready to admit this 
is of " great ' ' significance ' ' in our indus- 
trial development, ' ' but not that the latter 
is in anywise "endangered" unless it be 
that there is "an insufficient supply ' ' of 
skilled mechanics who refuse to sell their 
labor and skill to the manufacturer-mem- 
bers of the National Association of Manu- 
facturers at such prices as said association 
names. This persistent doubt looks at the 
immense skyscrapers, the innumerable ma- 
chine shops and factories turning out ma- 
terials used in the erection of those build- 
ings, counts and considers the means trans- 
• porting those materials to and from all 
parts of the country and over oceans at the 
remarkable progress, scope and substantial- 
ity seen in manufacturing and building, 
and enumerates the men employed and 
wonders whether the country has been 
actually losing in the number of skilled 
mechanics. The paper endeavors to relieve 
the doubt by asserting that this condition 
may be ascribed to "the enormous expan- 
sion of industries in the last fifteen years, 
in consequence of which the demand for 
skilled workmen has outgrown the sup- 
ply;" and it offers, as another reason, " the 
tendency towards specialization which per- 
meates all fields of industrial activity." 

The, phrase, "properly trained" and the 
word "specialization" made doubt more 

According to philologists and the lit- 
erati, among them the very particular 
Richard Grant White, "the employing of 

Ety (&axpmttx 

any phrase or word which is not and can- 
not be explained, in its meaning and appli- 
cation, is evidence of a use bad in princi- 
ple, purpose and intent and strong in its 
tendency to injure and deceive," and I am 
disposed to believe that, in the minds of 
the publishers, editors, writers, patrons 
and friends, however few they may be, 
of the paper, the phrase — "properly 
trained" — means the silencing of the em- 
ploye 's complaint, prohibiting right of per- 
suasion, free expression, peaceful argument 
and resistance to the employing power's 
methods and means of enslaving the work- 
ingman; and that the word "specializa- 
tion ' ' embraces every possiblbe resort to 
subservient courts to effect conditions that 
will reduce wages, retain and lengthen 
hours of toil beyond nature 's mental and 
physical, endurance, and the expenditure of 
$1,500,000 to crush out the workingman 's 
inalienable rights. 

No one believes that labor unions ever 
had any intention of being composed of 
such "trained" men or that it is now so 
composed. I am quite certain no union 
mail desires to be so " specialized. ' ' Every 
one admits there has been, in the last 
fifteen years, an enormous expansion of. 
industries, and so true is this that, though 
they have annually added, in each of these 
fifteen years, two hundred thousand men 
to their rolls of membership, the labor 
unions are still being drawn upon to re- 
lieve this "insufficient supply" of skilled 

The last reason assigned by this paper 
interests directly the youth of the coun- 
try in that it warns them of the "narrow 
apprenticeship laws enforced by labor agi- 
tators." Courage or education is lacking 
to qualify "labor," though "Union" was 
undoubtedly the qualification intended. 
No man, it is said, can make a law unto 
himself, but it seems almost true that 
courts have construed law according to 
briefs prepared by the well-paid lawyers 
of well-known capitalists. 

Organized labor offers to the youths of 
the country no laws that crush out their 
vitality while it is growing into efficiency, 
nor do any deprive them of instructions 
from or experience of older, riper minds. 
They start all to immediately earning 
wages that will not compel any of them to 

(Hljr (Harymtrr 

nibble at the crust while the employer 
feasts upon the loaf. If such laws are 
"narrow," philanthropy is dead, its 
funeral taken place and the corpse is 

Now, boys, here aro two schools, each 
inviting you to enter its portal. It is up 
to you to mako a choice. One is fostered 
by those who seek to "properly train" 
you for their "specialization." The other 
asks you to look at those towering build- 
ings, tho materials that went into their 
construction, the shops that turned out 
those materials, the means that placed 
them where desired, the men that did the 
work, tho industrial progress and develop- 
ment of tho country and tho millions of 
men working under and protected by 
unionized labor. 

What first consideration should you give 

My answer is that this and similar so- 
cieties come under tho natural conclusion 
that their courses of study are drawn whol- 
ly from speculation in idea, theory and 
effort, that they issue no text-book, name 
none and in this particular instance of this 
New York "Office" Society, hold no ses- 
sions. Indeed, I seriously doubt whether 
this one has any existence other than a 
tenancy in the minds of those who orig- 
inated its title, as it appears to me as a 
"Christmas toy does to a prattling child — 
a mere "make-believe." 

There are no babels among union work- 
men. Capital's foundation rests upon la- 
bor, and not until labor went into an or- 
ganization was the foundation ever safe. 
That was centuries ago, and ever since 
then has that foundation grown stronger. 
Union labor began at once to educate and 
perfect its membership in skilled, profit- 
able and progressive workmanship, but for 
which we would see the log hut, the shanty 
and the cottage, the ox team, the block 
wheel and the rude implements of the dead 
ages. The union educator bravely, fear- 
lessly and scientifically offers and guaran- 
tees a curriculum and a diploma that 
stands for the skill and efficiency that have 
moved the industrial world of today into 
the prominence of centuries and made past 
generations of boys, as it is qualified to 
make the present generation, skilled build- 
ers of mind and muscle. What it was in 

the past, it is now, and what it will 
continue to be, is seen In theso diplomas 
and in tlioir holders have dono in 

building the present Btrong and construe- 
tural world. Truth is never janus-fneed. 
Pact may have one appearance now, but 
upon investigation another that entirely 
changes view and effect, and until its pres- 
ent claim is weighed with what has been 
proven, it should be accepted or relied 
upon by every thoughtful, inquiring mind. 

Tho well read and well-reared youth will, 
as he stands upon the line that divides his 
years from those of thoughtful manhood, 
pause and look to the prospective. It is a 
vital moment to him, for then will he real- 
ize that ho must decide, and decide quick- 
ly and for life, whether he will become a 
mighty or an aimless man. If he is wise, 
he will not speculate or wander into the 
by-paths of imagination, but seek the 
paths where hard, beaten experience has 
won. an indestructible foundation. Mani- 
festly the man in the ditch had worked 
with or among those who had becomo 
skilled and successful from schooling, prac- 
tice and association with union men, and 
had found them the broadest and best edu- 
cators in their several trades. Manifestly, 
too, he, like countless others, doubted 
whether the teachers of the society, if it 
have any, or the members, if there are 
any, ever had actual experience — work is 
better — as artisans, tradesmen or mechan- 
ics, or were qualified as "elements of 
great significance in the development of 
industries." Upon one important matter 
the society is silent — it presents no scale 
of wages, but attacks that of organized la- 
bor as outrageously high and beyond all 
reason, but we all know that foods are 
soaring with aerial ships above us. 

Here is a little problem: 

Add 175 to 275. Is 450 the correct to- 

How many pounds of flour or loaves of 
bread will $1.75 purchase — in other words, 
will the society's prices buy more than the 

Here is another: 

Two from ten leave eight. Plain, isn't 

Two hours with home and friends, or 
nature 's restful aids, or books of learning 
and instruction, or the pleasures of the 

season, are surely life-giving items well 
worth throwing into the pan of the scales 
that weigh, or ought to weigh, them and 
truth and justice and profitable results 
against vague theories, wild speculations, 
uncertain fact, imposition upon the 
strength or endurance of nature, the iniqui- 
tous effects that result therefrom, and the 
avarice and greed that enslaves the toiler 
and enriches the wealthy. 

Men of labor, as of old let it now be 
said — ' ' to your tents, O Israel, while yet 
the sun shineth and the seed groweth." 
The picture is not one of imagination. No 
anarchist nor Socialist has drawn it; sim- 
ply one of your number whose ears have 
heard your labor derided as an asset of 
capital's "properties," and whose eyes 
have seen your fellows toil hard and long 
for pittances that have forced them to buy 
the single potato to ease their hunger. 
Yea to your tents, O Israel, for it is up 
to you to train your children to a realiza- 
tion that such a poison as insatiate capi- 
tal is in the land. Don't wait until age 
has so crept into your system that your 
power is lost in the feebleness of declining 

Boys, as you sit around home's winter 
fireside with your parents, looking not 
upon the happy playgrounds of idle boy- 
hood, but upon what is or may be the 
broad, active fields of futurity, take down 
these scales and into one pan throw the 
proofs of organized labor to make you a 
power in the concerns of industrial life as 
it points to those massive buildings, the 
forges and the furnaces, the planes and 
the saws, hammers and chisels, levels and 
trowels, the rails' over the land, the mighty 
machines of transportation, the men at the 
throttles and reins, the Pullman and palace 
cars, the ocean liners, the thousands and 
thousands of men and women, maturing 
youths and girls working under its protec- 
tion, and the millions of dollars paid to 
members in sickness or in distress and to 
the loved ones bereft of the strong arm 
as it lies helpless forever in the grave, and 
then place in the other plate the wan faces 
and wearying out bodies of those whom 
decrepit age has not yet claimed but who 
are compelled to work nine, ten, some 
eleven and many twelve out of every twen- 
ty-four hours; aye, place the muzzles 

(Ell? (Untprntii 

buckled over mouths that dare not open 
in complaint, speak to fellow-beings of in- 
justice and oppression or assert the free- 
dom of citizenship or residence in our coun- 
try, and tell me which of these two tutors 
you would prefer. The winter months will 
keep you close to the fireside, and no bet- 
ter time nor place can you find to store 
away the lessons given you by those who 
have learned them by hard, honest toil and 

It is said that circumstances chiefly de- 
termine the young mind. But I believe 
there is a Power which determines all 
things and moves its wonders to perform 
with a mystery for our good, but beyond 
human understanding. Next to it is the 
power of our parents, though neither 
should ever be contervened nor disdained. 
Father and mother, boys, realize more seri- 
ously than you imagine their responsibility 
upon them and to you. There is no higher 
wish in their souls than to have their in- 
fluence create noble and honorable aspira- 
tions. As they stand before and for you, 
they are gifts from God as guides to and 
guardians over you on your way to the 
sterner state of life. But when individual 
strength is yours, dependence upon them 
should never be your imposition if you 
wish to reach the goal of independent am- 
bition. Some day they will be taken to 
the unknown land, but while they are here 
it should be the child's duty as it should 
be his pleasure, pride and study to listen 
to, heed and be with them while waiting 
the development of this individual power. 
It matters not if they wear plain clothes, 
live in plain manner, upon a frugal board 
or under a humble roof, Father is King, 
Mother is Queen, for I am assumng to 
speak of and for those home influences 
which are pure, honest and honorable and 
are associated with sobriety, frugality and 
industry in cheering the passing hours. 

No, boys, there is no society, organiza- 
tion, company or association — which or 
whatever noun is chosen- — that is backed 
by capital that throws its power against a 
Brotherhood, bound to its members in dis- 
tress, need or sickness. I would have you 
seek if you desire to be just to yourself, 
generous to your fellow-being and have 
him and yourself escape the slavery of toil 
and the pinchings of poverty. Bather let 

(Ulif (Earjmttrr 

me turn yon to the noble hearts that throb 
within the Boula of the John Mitchells, tho- 
Ryans, Lynchs, Hubors, McNamaras, 
Duffys, Gompera and Dad Clarke, f"r I 
know unto them is given a trust protected 

by the Divine Being but assailed by the 
Parrys, Posts, Van CleaveB, tlio "manufac 
hirers' paper," this society, which they 
• ! r«-:i in of, and the servile courts that serve 


(By Frank Duffy.) 

r\NY inquiries have 
been made on us 
recently as to the 
"state of trade'' in 
different parts of the 
country. We have been 
hunting up informa- 
tion on this matter for 
several weeks past, so 
as to be in a position 
to answer correctly 
and truthfully, if pos- 
sible, all such questions. From the reports 
made to this office from all sections of the 
country thousands of our members are 
walking the streets — out of employment — 
on account of the scarcity of work as a 
result of the recent "money panic." We 
have received more notifications during the 
past month than ever before requesting us 
to warn traveling carpenters that work 
was dull and that the prospects of a re- 
vival of the building industry in the near 
future were very slim, therefore to keep 
away. From other sources comes the in- 
formation that the present showing in the 
building trade is very encouraging. 

The "American Contractor" of Chicago 
informs us that big enterprises under way 
in the building industry a few months ago 
were postponed, not abandoned, and goes 
on to say that ' ' as the money stringency 
is now over a decided revival is expected. 
The building transactions of fifty -five of 
our leading cities for the past year reached 
the enormous total of $580,492,196. Com- 
pared with the year 1906, when the build- 
ing industry was said to be at its best and 
reached the enormous figures of $667,032,- 
499, means a loss in 1907 of $86,540,303, or 
13 per cent. Four large cities, New York, 
San Francisco, St. Louis and Los Angeles 
contributed largely to the loss. New York 
was $43,000,000 short; San FTancisco fell 
behind by $22,000,000; the loss in St. Louis 
amounted to $8,000,000 and in Los Angeles 

$5,000,000, making B total loss of $78,000,- 
000 in these four cities. 

The following table shows the aggregate 
value of building permits taken out by 
each city during each year and the loss or 
gain reported for the year: 


1906, per ct 



j;aln loss 


s 8.439,580 

? 8.011,708 














Chicago . . . . 




On in It ridge . . 
Cleveland ... 











Cincinnati . . 

7,737,062 1,190 


















Evansvllle . . 




Kail River . . 




Orand Rapids 


2,181 306 


Hartford . . . 








Kansas Cltv. 




Little Rock . 




Louisville . .. 




Ins Angeles 






81 1,828 


Milwaukee . . 




Minneapolis . 




Memphis . . . 



1 1 





Nashville . . . 

2,078 "1 1 



New Haven . 




Newark .... 




New Orleans. 




New York . . 











Paterson . . . 




Pittsburg ... 




Reading .... 

1,4 00,550 







St. Joseph . . 




St. Louis . . . 




St. Paul 



' ' 

San Antonio. 




San Francisco 


56.574. S44 


Scranton . . . 








Spokane .... 




South Bend . 








Salt L. City. 










4. 000. 070 


Tacoma .... 




Washington . 



... I 


Worcester . .. 










$667,032,499 1...| 


The general loss for December, as com- 
pared with the corresponding month of last 
year, was 54 per cent. 


®fje (HutpmUv 


(By Robert Miller.) 

HE world owes no 
man a living; he must 
live, if at all, by his 
own efforts. It is true 
that morally, we owe 
each other certain 
duties, but when it 
comes to a matter of 
business, when it 
comes to one 's earn- 
ing a living, each man 
looks out for himself 
only. 'As a general rule the laboring man's 
only capital is his capacity to. labor, and 
the great question with him is, how can he 
use this capital — this capacity to labor — to 
make himself the best living and get the 
best return for the energy expended. He 
is without doubt entitled to a living wage 
and the lowest possible rate of wage must 
be large enough in the long run to support 
a wife and an average of two children. 

Considering the fact that the majority of 
our people live by the sweat of their brow 
you can see at the outstart that this ques- 
tion is not only vital to the interests of the 
laboring man, but it becomes one of the 
greatest, if not the greatest, of our social 
and industrial problems. Can the laborer, 
standing alone, command a just return for 
his labor; will the employer voluntarily pay 
him a living wage? 

The laborer must have employment. 
Since his only capital is his capacity and 
willingness to work, physical want is but 
slightly removed. He of necessity must 
work, and under the single contract system 
if the wage he asks is higher than the em- 
ployer is willing to pay he must do the nest 
best thing, accept the lower wage. In this 
respect he is using what might be termed 
the Jew method. But he is not free to 
stand back and wait for better terms than 
the employer offers; his iabur-time, like an - 
perishable commodity, must be sold at ory.e 
or it is lost forever, and with its loss comes 
family privations and necessarily sickness, 
loss of self-eonfidruee and weakened effi- 
ciency. So by force of cirr jmstances he is 
compelled to accept work at the wage of- 
fered. This, without doubt, leaves the em- 
ployer to fix the rate of wage, and human 

nature prevents him from looking :■! any 
other than his side of the case; man was 
made too much like the pig to get so inter- 
ested in the wage-earner that he forgets 
his own return. You do not need to look 
back of the present, nor go out of your own 
community to find just such men as these; 
in fact, we have always had them from the 
time our Southern forefathers got their la- 
bor for nothing by importing the slaves and 
refused to pay for it until after one of the 
bloodiest wars that history has ever known 
had been fought and they were forced to 
pay. This, however, is not the worst of the 
single or individual contract system. In 
some parts of the United States there may 
be a scarcity of labor, but many times with- 
in our .own memory there has been a 
scarcity of work and the result is more la- 
borers than jobs. At such a time we usually 
find the Jew method with all its evil re- 
sults. When a .man offers himself to an 
employer at whatever wage the employer is 
willing to pay, another will offer to do it 
at a . smaller wage than the employer has 
fixed, and here w-e find the man who is most 
in need of work fixing the rate wage for all 
the others. This is the result of the single 
contract system and if you will look back 
to the days of non-unionism, you will re- 
member that this is what actually happened. 
In the same way . the non-union man can 
keep the union man from drawing the prop- 
er rate of wage to-day. 

One argument used in favor of the single 
contract system is that the man who can 
fill the place does not need the help of the 
union ; his skill will command the necessary 
wage. In many instances this is true, but 
we can not all be so skilled; the majority 
of us are just average Americans. The 
highly skilled cannot, therefore, be made the 
test. Then» there is another reason why this 
cannot be made the test. There are not 
enough of such places to go around, in fact 
there are only a few of them in each locality 
and the man who gets such a place can 
consider himself lucky. 

Ten years ago the single contract system 
was not as hard on the laboring man as it 
would be to-day; there were not so many 
laboring men as there are to-day and prices 

dlltr (£ar}trtti?r 

of aocessarioa were not so high as to-day. 
Suppose the single contract system were in 
force to-day and wages were whal they were 
ten years ago, how could the laborer 
with house rent fifty per cent higher, with 
bacon sixteen to twenty five cents por 
pound, sugar six cents per pound, cloth 
fifty per cent, higher than ever before and 
everything else n|> in proportion. And to- 
day the single contractor would be handi- 
capped also, by liniling that instead of deal- 
ing with the single employer iis he used to, 
he must deal with stronger forces, a repre- 
sentative of several employers, a combina- 
tion. It would be the weak against the 
Strong and defeat would the more certainly 
be his. With the rapid development of 
our country, capital has learned that to 
organize is to increase profit. So, in the 
last ten years with the increase and con- 
gestion of population, development and 
building of railroads, operations of mines, 
better machinery and a multitude of in- 
ventions, together with favorable tariff 
laws, has come organization on every hand. 
In fact, we can now truly say, that this is 
an age of organization; not only in industry 
but in every field and phase of human, life 
have men combined into groups and work 
as a unit. Senator Lafollette said the 
other night, every important industry in 
the country is controlled by a trust and 
these trusts have formed combinations by 
which seventy-six men actually control the 
business of the country. 'we also have po- 
litical parties, organizations of men en- 
gaged in the different trades and industries, 
organizations of lawyers and doctors, of 
men into clubs, into friendly and benefit 
societies; organizations for the pursuit of 
arts, of science, of education ; organizations 
of men to build up cities, towns, states, and 
finally a union of these states into the 
United States. What is true of all other 
classes is true to no greater and to no less 
extent than of the working man. Single 
handed and alone, he cannot cop» with or- 
ganization and get a living wage. Society 
should not allow him to attempt it, even 
if he is satisfied to do so. The laboring 
class comprise a large part of our popula- 
tion, and as a whole there is no better class 
of people than the man who lives by his 
labor. He is honest, sturdy, and of the 
sort that makes for good citizenship, and 
the welfare of our government depends 

upon nig getting a proper wage, a living 
wage and we Bhould therefore favor and 
c i he labor organizat ion. 

Why shouldn't the laborer organize) 
I [e has a commodity to put upon the mar- 
ket !• ' ti ue I hat LI ie not such a com 
mo. in v as wheat and rum, but it is novor- 
theless a salable quantity. It' the laboror 
into a store to buy meal he pays the 
designated price, and the same is true of 
coffee, sugar, Hour, clothing, dress goods, 
and even coal oil. 1 1 is just a [plain busi- 
ness proposition. Why shouldn't the la- 
borer tag his .lay's wage in return? It is 
the only thing he has to sell. The state 
can no more fix the wage than it can fix 
the price of wheal .>r of any other commod- 
ity. Some say this should be governed by 
the amount of skill required and the scarci- 
ty of labor; in other words, by the market. 
But v^hy should the laborer's capital be 
left to the demands of othersf He has the 
right to help make the market, just as the 
handlers of our food products and clothing, 
lie has a right, just the same as they, to 
figure up the cost of production of labor, 
keeping pace with the changes in the cost 
of clothing and food and thereby estab- 
lishing the living wage, at least the min- 
imum wage. 

To establish this minimum wage laborers 
must unite. The strength gained from 
union and co-operation enables the work- 
man to bargain in the sale of his labor 
with the freedom the employer does. This, 
as shown, is impossible under the single or 
individual contract system. Co-operation 
is the foundation stone, the impregnable 
rock on which unionism is founded. By 
uniting the workers can raise funds with 
which to support men while holding back 
their labor for better terms. In union 
there is strength, and it is because of this 
united force that the laborer is enabled 
to regulate wages, hours of work and en- 
force sanitary conditions. 

It is commonly assumed in the argument 
for the non-unionists that every man has 
a right to work when and where he pleases 
and under whatsoever conditions he will. 
As a matter of fact no man has a right 
to work, and still less a woman and child, 
except under certain prescribed conditions, 
and still less a moral right to do so. The 
laws of all civilized nations prescribe the 


conditions and circumstances under which 
a man has the right to work. Our states 
have from the very first prescribed such 
conditions, but never to the extent of pres- 
ent-day statutes. Thus a man cannot 
work under certain unsanitary conditions, 
no matter what pay he is offered or how 
anxious he is to work. A man, no matter 
how skillful he is, may not work at any 
of the trades or professions in which a li- 
cense is required without securing that 
license according to the law of the land. 
The legal right of man to work is not ab- 
solute, but it is based upon and conditioned 
by the welfare of society, and society in 
turn should see that he gets the proper 
wage. A man has no more right to work 
when, where and how he will than he has 
to endanger the property of his neighbor 
by burning his own. Society endeavors to 
preserve as great a measure of individual 
freedom as possible, but where the right 
of the individual conflicts with the right 
of society, then the individual must forego 
his rights. Just as the individual owes a 
duty to society, the workman owes a duty 
to his class. The non-unionist as well as 
the unionist is a member of a class in so- 
city, with class interests. Nothing that the 
workman may do or refrain from doing 
will make him less a member of this class 
to which he belongs. As long as he labors 
he continues to belong to this class with 
interests and ambitions and aspirations of 
this class. As a non-unionist he has no 
moral right to seek his own temporary ad- 
vantage at the expense 01 the permanent 
interests of all workingmen. Even if he is 
the exception and could get the proper wage 
without the help of the union, he should at 
the same time be looking after the interest 
of his fellow workingmen. Society and the 
welfare of the workingman demand that he 
join the union. 

The question of what wage a laborer 
should demand is an intricate one. The law 
of supply and demand is to be considered, 
prices of raw material and manufactured 
articles are to be considered, and so is the 
cost of production, the cost of necessaries 
and a number of other things. These points 
have to be well considered by workmen and 
employers and wherever possible the wage 
scale be determined between the union and 
the employers and mutually agreed upon. 

Stye (tiurpmUt 

The labor union does not destroy indi- 
viduality, nor does it lower efficiency. The 
man in the labor union simply becomes one 
unit in the cause of labor; before he was 
a unit for himself only but now he is one of 
many units working for a common cause, 
and his part is one man's part just as it 
was before. This is known as the unit 
system. As a matter of fact the most effi- 
cient workers are found in thj unions, they 
are the first ones to join and the ones who 
come after them become more efficient by 
watching their more intelligent neighbors. 
Neither does the labor union foster idle- 
ness or monopolize employment, but its one 
purpose is to get all the workmen into one 
common band, working for one common 
cause. In fact, instead of destroying indi- 
viduality and reducing all to a common 
level, it makes for individuality. All the 
union need do is to fix the minimum wage 
and no one is hindered in his upward prog- 
ress, and if any individuality is lost, it is 
lost in the cause of labor. But fixing a wage 
for certain skilled labor will not in any 
way destroy the individual's chance of ad- 
vancement, as he advances he can draw a 
higher wage as the scale directs. In fact, 
to make individuality count, one must join 
the union. The employer should, and does, 
as a rule, believe in such organization. What 
employer of a large number of men would 
not rather deal directly with the union for 
all his men than to deal with each man 
individually? The employers have learned 
that these men stay with their contracts. 
They have also learned that the best men 
are found among union men; here they find 
old men with experience, young men who 
have served their days of apprenticeship, 
and men in general who are efficient in all 
branches of the trade. 

Furthermore, unionism is not only prov- 
ing beneficial to the union man but it is at 
the same time helping the non-union man. 
Of all the labor laws that have been passed, 
and of all improved conditions, they have 
derived an equal benefit, of all increases in 
wages they have derived their share. To 
test it take a case where the union has seen 
a raise in wages and ask the employer why 
he pays his non-union men the same wage 
that he pays the union men, and he will 
tell you that they will not work for less 
than he pays the others. And yet there are 

(Mir (Earprntrr 

some who wonder why members of the 
union who pay their dues to tin' organiza 
11..11 and contribute to the support of their 
brothers during a strike, should object to 
sharing in their victorj with those who not 
,.nh refuse to bear the burden bul lome 
times endeavor to defeat the strike. 

There has been some objection to joining 

the union because of the axpensi anected 

therewith and there seems to bo an impres- 
sion that they are devouring the earnim; 
of our laborers ami mechanics. The Eacl i J 
that the expense is very light anil costs 
each person but a small sum each month. 
Tlic expense when compared with its bene- 
lils is as nothing. What are some of its 
benefits? It has shortened hours, it has 
increased wages, it has improved sanitary 
conditions, it has brought about the pas- 
sago of laws for the prevention of child 
labor, it was largely instrumental in intro- 
ducing tho secret ballot, and it has in a hun- 
dred ways made its impress upon industry, 
government and society. That it has made 
mistakes is true, but what organization com- 
posed of human beings has not? It is here 
to stay and its great motto is, "Improve 
tho conditions of labor." 

Organization brings about brotherhood, 
because all are laboring in a common cause 
and the goal to be attained in each case is 
the same, one's living. The labor move- 
ment is the strongest force outside of the 
Christian church today making for the prac- 
tical recognition of human brotherhood. And 
this is not distracted from by the fact that 
a laborer refuses to work beside another 
laborer. This he has a right to do whether 
the other be a non-unionist or one who is 
unsafe to work with or one who is morally 
or physically unfit. To refuse to work with 
a non-union man is to no greater and to 
less extent compulsion than for a life or 
fire insurance company to refuse to take a 
risk. And if it were compulsion it would 
not be wrong, for the benefits justify one's 
being a member of the union. 

Labor organizations are not only making 
for brotherhood, but they are playing a roll 
in the history of civilization, the importance 
of which can be scarcely overestimated, for 
they are among the foremost of our educa- 
tional agencies, ranking next to the churches 
and public schools in their influence upon 

masses. More nun arc posted on labor 

and economic questions today than over bo- 

fore. lit :ill kinds of labor unions we find 

the apprentice learning a trade and men in 
eral bee ing mure efficient, in (actj 

I see mi reason why the union .should mil 
ii ter industrial schools ami hear lectures 
on things and subjects with which they are 

d.'iily coming in contact with. 

Labor organizations arc, without e eep 
lion, temperance societies. It has not taken 
men long to learn that intemperance and 

g I workmanship can not go together, and 

here again we" find the labor organization 
nol only doing the laboring man and his 
family good, but the masses in general. 

One of the greatest objections to labor 
unions is the suffering of people in gen- 
eral during a long-continued strike. The 
great remedy for this is arbitration. Men 
at times must strike to get their just re- 
wards, but they ofttimes forget the rights 
of society in trying to enforce their own. 
When such a strike occurs, society's rights 
must be recognized and the matter arbi- 

If there is anything that should commend 
unionism to the laborer it is the fact that 
employers have for so long a time fought 
it. The fight of the wage earner has been 
a development, beginning with our colonial 
history; wages were low in the North and 
labor free in the South. Finally free labor 
was abolished and wages have gradually in- 
creased until today, under the union rules, 
they are in general higher than ever before. 
This shows that unionism is a part of our 
economic growth and has come to stay. If 
a general depression of business was to fol- 
low the present money scare, the need and 
efficiency of the labor union could easily be 
seen. As during the last panic, attempts 
will be made to reduce wages, bringing 
poverty and misery in its wake. Single- 
handed the laborer is powerless, but if the 
unions are strong enough they can and will 
successfully resist any reduction in wages. 

Labor organizations are not like our 
lodges, from which we derive benefit only 
in certain emergencies. The benefits of 
membership in a labor union you can see 
each day and each hour. At the end of 
each hour the laborer can say this wage 
is due to the labor organization, and at the 
end of the day and of the week or month 


he can say the same. Membership in a 
labor union is essentially necessary for 
laboring men and women. It is their only 
salvation. Only through co-operation and 

concerted action can they accomplish the 
best results in their strife for justice and 
right and the social and intellectual uplift- 
ing of their class. 


(By W. J. Shields.) 

HE year 1907 has come 
and gone, leaving be- 
hind a record era for 
the grand U. B. The 
getting together of the 
quarter million of 
craftsmen as repre- 
sented in our organi- 
zation at the present 
time has represented 
no small task. In the 
removing of the ob- 
stacles, one after the other, that was barri- 
caded against our advance, is a great ac- 
complishment. Never have the managing 
force allowed the work to stand still. The 
motto has always been "Better this year 
than last year." The antagonists to our 
movement have been taught the lesson that 
we expand and extend in power on their 
opposition. Back of these accomplishments 
has been an era of industrial prosperity, 
work has been fairly plenty, those desiring 
work being generally successful in secur- 
ing same. There was little need of competi- 
tion for the job. Trade conditions were 
generously recognized, the employer was 
willing to pay the scale, hence no need of 
-argument on the part of the employe. This 
condition undoubtedly had to do with our 
successes and held good up to the time of 
the money stringency scare. The exhibition 
produced by this eruption shows how secure 
society feels in the present money situation. 
The rumbling in the stock exchanges in the 
last year or so, was the forerunner of the 
eruption that followed. The scare simply 
represented a pin-prick in the overinflated 
bubble of financial corruption. Society un- 
derstands that sooner or later the stock as 
representing our great corporations will 
have to have the liquid mixture extracted 
from the solid composition and in the per- 
forming of this operation they will have to 
suffer and that part known as the great 

labor mass will probably suffer the most; 
that is, judging from our observation of the 
effect of the little flurry furnished for our 
reflection, we are able to extract to this 
effect. No confidence in our financial in- 
stitutions by those investing in them. In- 
dustry staggered and toppled in some cases 
with apparently no cause, beyond that as 
represented in a lack of confidence. Labor 
was thrown into enforced idleness and the 
business world suffered and was forced into 
curtailment with the effect of producing 
disaster in greater abundance. The building 
industry suffered, much contemplated work 
was held back under the expressed idea that 
before spring comes material and labor will 
both be cheaper. In this sentiment is found 
the opinion of the public in general of what 
constitutes a trade unionist. The opinion 
seems to be that only when industry runs 
smoothly are the men of the labor movement 
to be trusted in defending the principles of 
their cause, but with those of us who consti- 
tute the membership of this branch of so- 
ciety, we who have fought the fight up to 
the present successes have had embeded into 
our dispositions the aims, objects and 
necessities of the perpetuity of our move- 
ment, it is but natural that we feel 
different, we know that the changes pro- 
duced have come through the instrumentality 
of the union and that it is only through the 
maintenance of this instrument can these 
advances be continued - and improved on. 
With this version of the situation it is but 
natural that the mind forces of our mem- 
bership is focused on the single matter of 
holding the vantage ground already se- 

For my own part, I would not sell even 
an old ox that had labored for me ; much less 
would I remove, for the sake of a little 
money, a man grown old in my service. — 

The Carpenter 


The United Brotherhood 


Carpenters and Joiners of America 

Published on the 1Mb of emch Month at the 


Indianapolis, Ind. 





Snbicrlptlon Price. 
One Dollar a Tear In Advance, postpaid. 

Address all letters and money to 


P. O. Box 18T .... Indianapolis, Ind. 


We extend our most hearty congratula- 
tions to George A. Pettibone and Charles 
H. Moyer, president of the Western Feder- 
ation of Miners, at their acquittal on the 
charges of complicity in the murder of ex- 
Governor Steunenberg of Idaho. The Pet- 
tibone jurors on January 4, after a four- 
teen hours' deliberation, unanimously 
agreed on a verdict of "not guilty." 
When the Mover case was called the same 
day the prosecuting attorneys signified the 
desire of the state to have an order of dis- 
missal entered. This course met with the 
approval of Judge Wood, who, in ordering 
Mover's release, said as follows: 

"I have watched the evidence carefully, 
so far as the connecting and corroborating 
evidence under the statute was concerned 
in its application to this defendant, and 
there has certainly been nothing developed 
in the case that would justify the court in 

submitting the case against him to a jury 
unless there was considerable additional 
connecting testimony to that which has 
been shown in the two cases that have 
been tried, and for that reason the case 
will be dismissed and an order exonerating 
the defendant." 

The particular attention of our District 
Councils and Local Unions is hereby called 
to the circular issued by the Washington 
State Federation of Labor, printed else- 
where in this journal, showing the unfair 
treatment organized labor is receiving at 
the hands of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Ex- 
position*. Our District Councils and Local 
Unions should take this matter under im- 
mediate and serious consideration and use 
their influence in preventing state legisla- 
tures from making any appropriations in 
behalf of the fair, as the money will be 
spent to force the "open shop." 

Elsewhere in this issue will be found a. 
paper entitled "Industrial Education in 
Schools of Capital and Labor," and earn- 
estly do we hope it will find generous re- 
production that its challenge, that the so- 
called "National Society for the Promo- 
tion of Industrial Education" is of doubt- 
ful existence, may receive reply. 

Scarcely had the recent financial stress 
and consequent depression of business set 
in when the leading elements in finance 
and the capitalist press predicted, as one 
of the results, a fall in the prices of com- 
modities in which they claimed labor must 
take its share and wages also undergo a 

Since that time more than two months 
have passed, but we have not heard even 
of the slightest reduction in the prices of 
foodstuffs or other commodities. We have 
heard of wage reductions where the work- 
ers were but imperfectly or not at all or- 
ganized and unable to resist the encroach- 
ments of greedy employers, yet there seems 
to be no tendency to lower prices of com- 
modities. This, indeed, justifies the deter- 


mined stand taken by President Gompers 
and the Norfolk convention of the A. P. of 
L. in declaring that organized labor must 
at this time and always resist to the utter- 
most any wage reduction. 

Recording Secretaries and Business 
Agents Please Take Notice. 

Our revised "Directory of Business 
Agents" to be printed in this issue having 
been destroyed by accident, we would re- 
quest Recording Secretaries and Business 
Agents to scrutinize this month 's Direc- 
tory carefully and to at once report to the 
General Office any errors or omissions they 
may discover, or changes that may be re- 

Labor Organization Before and in the 
Earlier Days of Our Republic. 

We are indebted to Brother D. F. Feath- 
erstone, secretary of the New York City 
District Council, for some very interesting 
data showing that in the earlier part of 
our Republic public demonstrations, cele- 
brations and observance of public events 
were attended mainly by labor organiza- 
tions of that time. 

The data has been collected by an agent 
of the United States government who has 
been searching into the early history of 
the labor movement in this country for the 
last twenty-five years. 

Equally interesting data on the incipient 
movements of organized labor in America, 
we find assembled in a book just published 
in the German language under the title, 
"Die Anfange der Deutsehen Arbeiterbe- 
wegung in Amerika" (The Incipient Move- 
ments of German Labor Organization in 
America). The author of the work' is Her- 
mann Schlueter, editor of the New York 
Volkszeitung. From the data presented in 
this book it appears that even years be- 
fore the inauguration of the war of the 
revolution some of the trades had banded 
together in an effort to obtain better work- 
ing conditions. As early as 1741 the jour- 
neymen bakers of New York made such an 
effort and in the course of the ensuing 
strike a number of them were brought be- 
fore the court on a charge of conspiracy. 

In 1791 the journeymen shoemakers of 
Philadelphia formed an organization. In 
1796 they went on strike for an advance 

Sty? (Earimtfrr 

in wages. The strike was lost. Renewing 
their demand in 179S, they again struck 
work, this time meeting with aueeess. 

Another controversy between the jour- 
neymen shoemakers of Philadelphia and 
their employers in 1798 resulted in a strike 
which lasted ten weeks, and was settled 
in court. 

As a result of the refusal by the ship 
owners to grant their demand for an in- 
crease in wages from $10.00 to $14.00 per 
month, the sailors in New York went on 
strike in 1802. It is chronicled, says H. 
Schlueter, that the strikers marched 
through the streets of the city, inducing 
their fellow-craftsmen remaining at work 
for the old wages to join them, and that 
a number of the strikers and the leaders 
in the movement were taken into custody 
by the police, tried and cdnvieted lor con- 
spiracy and sentenced to imprisonment. 

The ship carpenters were incorporated 
as a trade organization on April 3, 1803, 
under a New York state charter. For 
years previous to their incorporation they 
had an organization that wielded a great 
'influence in all public affairs and were a 
potent factor in politics. In numerous 
skirmishes with their employers they had 
obtained good wages. 

An organization of house carpenters of 
New York was likewise incorporated in 

The journeymen shoemakers of New 
York organized themselves into a union in 
1805, as stated in one of their official dec- 
larations, to protect themselves against the 
tyranny of capital. 

A very extensive strike of shoemakers 
took place in New York in 1809, the imme- 
diate cause of which, says H. Schlueter, is 
not without interest. A member was fined 
by the union for a certain offense and ex- 
pelled; he obtained work despite his expul- 
sion, which, being a violation of the 
union 's trade rules on the part of the em- 
ployer, precipitated the strike. The latter 
lasted six months and was brought to an 
end by the intervention of the court. A 
large number of the members and the offi- 
cers of the union were sentenced by the 
court to the payment of a fine which re- 
sulted in the disbanding of the organiza- 

Another trade organization, the Journey- 

CHlir (Earyrutrr 

men Tailors' i Dion, existed in \.u' York 
in the oarliesl years of the nineteenth i n 

tury. This union was recruited tr men 

who had come to this country from Eng 

land. For n I i had rel i id I hoi 

membership with the union in their nn 
i i\ e .■.Mint i \ . and t hen, in L806, Eoi med an 

organization of their own under the a: 

as here alxn e ata( ed. 

Records also Bhow thai an organization 
of compositors, the " New ^ ork Typograph- 
ical Society," existed as earlj as in lsi;. 

The hatters of \>u York organized a 

iini..n in 1819. 

The journeymen tailors of New 5 oi k 
went on strike for better conditions in 
1m'7. c i it which occlusion some of their mem- 
bers were I ried by I he com I a ad coin let ed 
on :i cha rge of conspiracy. 

Prom the data gathered by II. Schlueter, 
we nlso ;in.| thn) a movement for the 
ilu.lion of working hours, the "Ten Hour 
Movement," had been started in the New 
England states na curly as in 1S24. 

All through the period from 1S25 to 1835 
the ship carpenters and building trades of 
Boston, and at the same time the organized 

trades in New York, were engaged in a 
continuous warfare to secure shortei work- 
ing hours. 

The necessity of a closer bond of unity 
among the different organizations then ex- 
isting was felt almost simultaneously in 
England ami this country. It was in Man 
Chester, England, where, in July, 182(5. the 
machinists' unions of several localities 
formed the first organization of national 
scope or jurisdiction. The first central 
body in America was organized in Phila- 
delphia in 1827 under the name of ''Me- 
chanics' Union of Trade Associations." 
This body, however, lived but one year. 

The trade organizations of New York 
instituted a central body, the "General 
Trades Union," in 1833, and similar bod- 
ies existed at that time in about a dozen 
other cities, including AYashington, D. C, 
and Louisville, Ky. 

In 1834 the trade unions of various cities 
established a national organization, or fed- 
eration of trades, under the name of ' ' The 
National Trades Union." This organiza- 
tion held annual conventions in 1834, 1835 
and 1836, and issued an official organ, 

"The National Lai r," which was pub 

ed in Philadelphia. 
in 1834 the hatters of New York wenl 

trike Eor I he 1 1 gnil ion of t heir anion, 

With the assistance of the contra! organi- 
'i i he -i i ike was » on; 

In Is::.", the slune , niters, caliinel makers 

and piano makers struck for an increase 
in ivagi 

\t the -nine period 1,000 children from 
seven t.. eighteen yens of age quit the 
factories in I'aterson, N. J., demanding a 
reduction in their working hours from 
thirteen to ten per day. 

The shoemakers of Nevi York. Newark, 
Orange and \ . - lii inswick, X. .1.; Phila- 
delphia. Pa., and Poughkeepsie, N. Y., de- 
manded an advance in wages t.. meet the 

increased prices <•! foodstuffs an. I renl ami 
were successful. 

A convention of shoemakers was held in 
New York in 1836, where .".nun numbers 
were represented, and resolutions adopted 
setting forth Hie necessity of 1 establishing 
a national organization and protesting 
against the importation of shoes from for- 
eign markets. 

Numerous strikes also occurred during in other cities, especially in the New 
England states, the strike of the textile 
workers in Lowell, Mass., being the first 
one in the United States where a large 
number of women were involved. This 
strike was caused by the employers cutting 
down the wages; it terminated unsuccess- 

The method of suppressing strikes by 
military force was also applied by the au- 
thorities of that time. When in 1836 the 
'longshoremen, riggers and wharf laborers 
at the harbor of New York struck for 
shorter hours and scabs were put in their 
places, it came to disturbances between the 
l.i I er and the union men, the mayor of the 
city ordered out the militia and the men 
on strike were forced back to work under 
the employer's conditions. 

From the data furnished by the United 
States government agent we learn that the 
New York Evening Post, in its issue of 
November 5, 1825, announces that the jour- 
neymen house carpenters of New York, 
with other labor organizations, partici- 
pated in the celebration of the opening of 
the Erie canal, the following trades being 


represented in the procession: Journeymen 
house carpenters, cabinet makers, masons, 
painters, stone cutters, tinners, coopers, 
bakers, weavers, tanners, hatters, cord- 
wains, tailors, rope makers, blacksmiths, 
nailers, chain makers, saddlers, potters, har- 
ness makers. 

The same paper in its issue of November 
16, 1830, published a notice announcing 
that the New York Typographical Union 
would hold a special meeting at the 
' ' Shakespeare, ' ' corner Fulton and Nas- 
sau streets, on Wednesday evening next, 
for the purpose of considering an invita- 
tion from the Tammany Society to confer 
with representatives of the mechanical 
trades concerning the celebration on the 
25th inst. of the late triumph of the "cor- 
rect principles in Prance. ' ' The labor or- 
ganizations responded and the successful 
termination of the revolutionary movement 
in France of that epoch was duly cele- 
brated by a monster parade, the following 
unions participating: Journeymen house 
carpenters, masons, bricklayers, stone cut- 
ters, glaziers, plasterers, carvers, painters, 
gilders, saddle makers, harness makers, up- 
holsterers, cabinet makers, book binders, 
black and whitesmiths, chain makers, cord- 
wains, tailors, bakers, coopers and tanners. 

The house carpenters and other trades 
turned out in procession July 4, 1833, to 
celebrate the anniversary of American na- 
tional independence. 

The New York Evening Post of March 
23, 1835, published the fact that the New 
York house carpenters were that day on 
strike for an increase in wages from 11 to 
12 shillings per day. 

The following year, on February 23, the 
New York house carpenters held a meeting 
and declared that 14 shillings be the min- 
imum rate per day after March 10, 1836, 
an advance from 10 to 14 shillings per day. 
The employers would not concede the ad- 
vance and the carpenters inaugurated a 
general strike on May 7, 1836, to enforce 
the new scale. The strike lasted several 
weeks and was finally successful. 

The carpenters of Philadelphia were on 
strike at the same time, also for an increase 
in wages. 

President Harrison died in April, 1S41, 
and New York being then, as it is now, the 
principal city in the union, desired to make 

(Stye (Earpettfrr 

a proper observation' of the event. The 
labor organizations were again called upon 
to make a proper display of the occasion. 
They responded and a great funeral proces- 
sion was formed. The following trades 
participated in the obsequies: Journey- 
men house carpenters, stone cutters, ma- 
sons, shipwrights, calkers, blacksmiths, 
gold and silversmiths, leather dressers, 
book binders, sail makers and taUors. 

H. Schlueter in his book reminds us that 
in the year 1837 the United States was 
swept by a dreadful crisis, causing most of 
the banks to suspend payments, numerous 
business failures in all industries, and 
bringing in its wake devastation and desti- 
tution to untold thousands of laboring peo- 
ple. This, as a matter of course, had a 
disastrous effect on labor organizations and 
comparatively few of the trade unions, 
maintaining a mere local existence, sur- 
vived the crisis. Some of the trades con- 
stituted themselves into fraternal or mu- 
tual benefit societies, extending relief to 
their members in cases of sickness or 
, death. 

The trade and labor unions of South 
Carolina, at a convention held in Columbia, 
October 7 and 8, formed a state federation. 
The principal cities of the state were repre- 

Localities to Be Avoided. 

Carpenters are requested to stay away 
from the following places. Owing to trade 
movements, building depression and other 
causes, trade is dull : 

Ashland, Ky. lit. Vernon, N. Y. 

Atlantic City, N. J. Miami, Fla. 
Austin, Tex, Nashville, Tenn. 

Belleville, III. New Orleans, La. 

Buffalo, N. Y. New Rochelle, N. Y. 

Bridgeport, Conn. New York City. 

Chicago. III. Pittsburg, Pa. 

Detroit. Mich. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Edwardsville, 111. Pueblo, Colo. 

Gary, Ind. Rockford, 111. 

Hartford, Conn. Seattle, Wash. 

Hendevsonville, N. C. San Francisco, Cal. 
Lawton, Okla. Tacoma, Wash. 

Los Angeles, Cal. Watertown, Wis. 

Memphis, Tenn. Wheeling. W. Ya. 

Local Unions Chartered Last Month. 

Mount Pleasant, Tex. Rochester, Ind. 
Pedro Miguel, Panama. 
Total : 3 Local Unions. 







General Office 
State Life Building, Indianapolis, Ind. 

General President, 
ffM. D. HUBER, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

General Secretary, 
FRANK D0FFY, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

General Treasurer 
THOMAS NEALE, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

First Vice-President 
T. M. GTJERIN, 290 Second Ave., Troy, N. Y. 

Second Vice-President 

ARTI1UR A. QDINN, Ball Block, Brighton 

Avenue, Perth Amboy, N. T. 

General Executive Board 

WM. G. SCFIARDT, Chairman, 503 Cambridge 

BIdg., Chicago. 111. 

ROBT. E. L. CONNOLLY, Secretary, Box 56, 
Birmingham, Ala. 

P. C. FOLEY, 1032 Fifth St., Edmonton, Al- 
berta, Canada. 

P. H. MCCARTHY, 10 Turk St., San Francisco, 

D. A. POST, 416 South Main Street, Wllkes- 
Barre, Pa. 

A. M. WATSON, SO Hanover St., Boston, Mass. 

JOHN WALQUIST, 2528 Elliott Ave., Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

All correspondence for the General Executive 
Board must be sent to the General Secretary. 

Report of General President Huber for 
Quarter Ending December 31, 1907. 

To the Officers and Members of the Gen- 
eral Executive Board. Greeting: 
Brothers — The old year is gone with all 

its troubles and trials, as well as pleasures. 

But with all we had to contend with, our 

organization has continued to grow to a 

greater extent than ever before. 

"We had much to contend with during the 

past quarter owing to the stringency in the 

money market, which had its effect upon the 

building industries, as well as all others. 
However, let us hope that the situation 

will be relieved in the near future, that 

business may open up so there will be work 
enough for .'ill wage workers. 

Certainly the prosperity we have enjoyed 
for the past few years is to bo appreciated, 
and I am loth to believe that this slump 
will last any length of time. 

Be that as it may, many of the hardships 
which are now upon our membership will 
have to be endured during the winter 

But with the coming of spring, we can 
look forward with hopes for a renewal of 
business in all lines, and also anticipate an 
increased activity. 

Through all this depression we have con- 
tinued to. add new locals, there being issued 
for the quarter ending, forty-four, new 
charters, this making a total of 1,951 local 
unions in the Brotherhood. 

You can readily see from the above 
figures that we have made progress, and to 
such an extent that it has been equaled by 
few and surpassed by no other trade or- 

There will be many matters of impor- 
tance called to your attention at your com- 
ing session, which, I hope, will receive the 
same due consideration as have attended 
your actions in the past. 

Many of our Local Unions have passed 
through serious difficulties during the year 
just closed and are not in the condition to 
meet the emergencies of the winter months 
with the dull times now upon us, and some, 
no doubt, will ask for assistance to tide 
them over until spring. 

These Local Unions should receive en- 
couragement in some way, for, in my 
opinion, it is better to spend some money to 
assist them when they absolutely need it 
than to let them be' suspended, and thus 
have to reorganize them again. 

Our organizing expenses have been quite 
heavy in the past, but I have always tried 
to obtain the best results for the money so 
expended, and to be as economical as con- 
ditions would warrant, with eyes and energy 
directed to the building up of the United 
Brotherhood, and with the hope, aim and 


purpose of getting the best results possible 
for the rank and file. 

We have done our best in this respect in 
the past, and I feel that we should con- 
tinue in the same line of activity in the 
future. It has proven successful in the past, 
with the limited amount of money at our 
disposal, and we should be careful to try 
and obtain the proper amount of converts 
for the money so disbursed. By this I do 
not mean that we should be penurious, or 
act in any way that would be detrimental, 
but that all assistance that is possible 
should be given to our Local Unions for the 
purpose of assisting them in not only main- 
taining the conditions they have obtained, 
as well as their membership, but also for 
the added purpose of helping them to 
further increase their membership. 

We have had considerable trouble in a 
number of cities, and especially in Phila- 
delphia, Pa. I was requested by the D. C. 
of that city to visit and consult with them 
in regard to conditions, and, really, I was 
surprised to see them in such good shape, 
and to note the determined effort they were 
putting forth to secure still better condi- 
tions. They have levied an assessment 
against all members working to raise the 
ammunition necessary to the success of the 
fight, and requested me to lay the matter 
before our Board, asking that you assist 
them financially this coming spring. Let- 
ters from the D. C. expressing their wishes 
and desires in that respect will be laid be- 
fore you, and I would recommend that some 
action be taken by your body to relieve the 
situation in that city. Grand Rapids, Mich., 
is also asking financial aid. 

There has been a number of injunctions 
decided against our District Councils and 
Local Unions, and many desire that the 
cases be carried to a higher court. Before 
consenting to this, however, I have notified 
them that I will lay the matter before the 
General Executive Board for their advice. 
These cases are of importance, not only to 
our organizations but to the trade movement 
in general, on account of the momentous 
questions involved. 

Many other matters of importance will be 
presented to you for consideration and 
action thereon, and I have no doubt you 
will do what you consider best for all con- 

May we, in the coming year of 1908 be 
able to make our organization still more 
powerful to accomplish still better results 
for the wage earners than we have in the 

With best wishes and fraternal greetings, 
I am, Sincerely and fraternally, 

General President. 

Proceedings of First Quarterly Session, 

1908, of General Executive 


The following matter was acted upon by cor- 
respondence between the October and January 
sessions of the Board. 

Request for financial aid to assist members 
in Duluth, Minn., who were locked out by their 
employers. Financial aid was granted and the 
sum of $2,000 appropriated for immediate re- 

January 13. 

The G. E. B. met in regular session on the 
above date and was called to order by the 
Chairman, Win. G. Schardt, with the following 
members present : Watson, Post, Walquist, 
Foley and Connolly. 

The report of the G. P. was read, considered 
and placed on file. 

The report of the 1st V. P. was read, con- 
sidered and placed on file. 
■ The report of the 2nd V. P. was read, con- 
sidered and filed. 

Report of the delegates to the A. F. of L. 
was read, considered and filed. 

The matter of contract for printing The 
Carpenter for one year was taken up and the 
G. S. was requested to procure bids from "fair" 
printers in Indianapolis, Chicago, Cincinnati 
and Cleveland, the bids to be opened by the 
Board at 10 a. m., January 21, 1908. 

The Board took up the report of the commit- 
tee on purchase of headquarters. Upon hear- 
ing the report, the Board adjourned and pro- 
ceeded to inspect proposed site. 

January 14. 

All members present but Brother McCarthy. 

Communication from the Amalgamated Car- 
penters relative to the renewal of a trade 
agreement between the A. S. and the TJ. B. was 
referred to the Board by the G. P., and it was 
decided that as the various D. C.'s of the U. B. 
have the power to form local agreements with 
the A. S. the G. B. B. re-affirms the action 
taken at the October meeting in reference to 
this question. 

Further details relative to purchase of head- 
quarters were considered. 

Philadelphia, Pa. Report of the D. C. of 
conditions existing in that city and a request 
for financial assistance was read. Consideration 
of this matter was deferred until the D. C. 
supply this office with the additional informa- 
tion requested by the G. P. 

Philadelphia, Pa. Detailed report of the G. 

®ljr (Earprnter 

0. "ii disbursement of money appropriated for 
strike benefits In thai city was taken up, en 
amlned and llled. 

New York City D, C. Col Icatlon was 

read In reference to sheet metal Inside trim. 
The matter «m< lefl In the bands of the 0. P., 
he i" appoln) b committee to meet with repre 

Bentatives of the si i Metal Workers to arrive 

at nn amicable adjustment of the dlspnted 
question, Bubject to the approval of the <;. EI, B. 

sun Francisco, Cal. Appeal of l.. 0. No. 304 
from the decision >>f the Q. P. In the case of I.. 
0. No. 804 vs. Sim Francisco D, C The 
papers In the case ore referred back to the 
G. P. owing in their Incompleteness. 

Dubuque, in. Communication from the Pres- 
ident of i,. r. No. 1289 in reference to trade 
conditions In thai city, was read and died. 

Gary, Indiana. Appeal of I,. U. No. 985, 
Gary, Ind., from a ruling of the G, r. rclatlvt 
to a il nt • Imposed by the Lake County D. C. 
on a member of nn outside district. The de- 
cision of the G. P. is sustained and the appeal 

Grand Rapids, Mich.. L. U. No. ::::.""■. Reso- 
lutions reciting the conditions prevailing 
In that city, nnd asking for financial assistance 
was rend nnd xir.n.iin n|,pi>,, printed lor organ 
Izing purposes. 

January 15. 

All members present but Brother McCarthy. 

Paterson, N. J. Appeal of I.. I". No. '■■-'• 
from the decision of (lie G. P. in the case of 
L. r. No. :'.°r> vs. I.. U. No. 22. The decision 
of the G. P, is sustained and the appeal dis- 

Rochester, N. y. Appeal of I.. U. Nn. 72 
from the decision of the G. P. in disapproving 
the By-Laws of L. U. No. 72. 

The ruling of the G. P. is sustained and the 
appeal dismissed. 

D. C. of Western Ta. and N. V. Appeal for 

financial assistance for organizing purpos 

and also that an organizer lie placed in that 

The' Board recommends to the G. P. that an 
organizer be placed in that district. 

Washington, D. C. L. D. Nr.. 132. Com- 
munication relating to conditions due to ex- 
isting strike to maintain trade rules was read, 
considered and the Board instructs the G. S. 
to continue payment of strike pay. 

Syracuse, N. Y". Appeal of George T. Walker 
from the decision of the G. I'. in the case of L. 
U. No. 26 vs. George T. Walker. Decision 
of the G. P. is reversed and the appeal sus- 
tained as the evidence shows that appellant 
furnished a legal excuse to the L. U. explaining 
his absence from the city on Labor Day. 

Dubuque. la. L. U. No. 1289. Request for 
additional financial assistance. Request is 

Baltimore. Md. The case of .1. C. Sehwan- 
neke vs. Baltimore D. C. was read and inas- 
much as there is no appeal to the G. E. B. 
from the aggrieved party, the papers are placed 
on file. 

January 10 

am members present bul Brother McCarthy. 

Denver, Colo. Appeal of .1. n. Rice nnd 
others from tho decision of the G. P. In the 

ens-- of ,i. ii. lib ini others vs. i,. r. No. 

528 The decision of the G. P. Is sustained and 
the appeal dismissed. 

Memphis, Tenn Appeal of T, II. Johnson 
from the decision of the G. P. In the case "f 
T. ii. Johnson, appellant, vs. the D, C ol 
Memphis, appellee, The deel Ion of the Q. r. 
is sustained and the appeal dismissed. 

New Haven, Conn. Appeal of l.. r. No. 79 
from the decision of tho G. P. In the case of 
I,. U. No. 611, appellant, vs. i.. u. No. 79. ap- 
pellee. The decli Ion of the Q P I Ined 

nnd I he nppen 1 ,11 mi ed 

Charleston, S. C. Appeal of W. n. smith 
from the decision of the G. P. In the case of 
W. II. Smith, appellant, vs. the D. C, Of 
Charleston, appellee. The decision of the G 
P. Is sustained and the appeal dismissed. 

Charleston, S. C. Appeal of Thomas Plckney 
nnii others from the decision of the G. P. In the 
,ns, of Thomas Plckney ami others, appellants, 
vs. the ii. C. of Charleston, s. c., appellee. The 
decision of Hie G. p. is sustained nnd the appeal 

Great Neck, N. y. Voluminous papers re- 
lating In n controversy pertaining In .ill i - i 'le 
tlonal lines was rend and Inasmuch as there Is 
no direct appeal to the G. E. B. the papers are 

tiled. ■ «J 

Dayton, Ohio. Request from the I), c tor 
financial aid to assisl in better organizing the 
eilv was rend and the Hoard appropriates S'-'OO 
for that purpose 

Manistee, Mich. Appeal of Louis Olson and 
others from the decision of the G. 1'. in the 
case of i.. TJ. No. 1220 vs. Louis Olson and 
others. The decision of the G. P. is reversed 
and the appeal sustained. 

Last Liverpool. Ohio. Appeal of L. !'. No. 
328 from the decision of the G. 1'. in the case 
of A. II. L.ntiy. appellant, vs. L. 0. No. 328, 
appellee. The decision of the G. P. is sus- 
tained and the appeal dismissed. 

Nev. York City. Appeal of Louis D. High 
from the decision of the G. I', in the ease of 
Louis 1 1. High, appellant, vs. the D. C. of N. 
Y".. appellee. The decision of the G. P. is sus- 
tained and the appeal dismissed. 

Duluth, Minn. Additional reports in regard 
to the conditions prevailing in that city, was 
read and the Board appropriated $1,200 for 
the relief of members locked out. 

January 17. 

All members present but Brother McCarthy. 

Buffalo. N. Y". Appeal of W. W. Ynntine 
from the decision of the G. P. in the case of 
W. W. Vantine, appellant, vs. the D. C. of 
Buffalo. N. Y'.. appellee. The G. E. B. does 
not consider the merits of this case but 
renders a decision of the question of Jurisdic- 
tion alone. 

A D. C. has no jurisdiction in matters of 
violation of the constitution and the G. E. B. 
rules that all alleged violations of the consti- 


0% (Unvprnttt 

tution must be tried by a L. U. If either 
party in this ease was dissatisfied with the 
result of the triai as held an appeal should 
have been taken to the G. P. and not to the 
D. C. 

The Board decides that the L. U. had the 
right to try an alleged violation of the consti- 
tution. Therefore the decision of the G. P. 
is reversed in so far as it pertains to juris- 
diction and the appeal is sustained. 

Glen Cove, N. Y.. L. D. No. 1093. Request 
for sanction of trade movement for an increase 
of wages and reduction of hours. Schedule 
of Inquiries referred back for more explicit 

Morristown, N. J., L. U. No. 63S. Request 
for financial aid to assist members on strike 
was read and the sum of $100 was ap- 

Morristown, N. J., L. D. No. 638. Request 
for permission to send an appeal to Local 
Unions for financial aid. Request denied. 

Vancouver, B. C, L. U. No. 617. Request 
for reimbursement of funds expended during 
a late strike. Request denied. 

Bradford, Pa., L. U. No. 124. Request for 
financial aid to assist in maintaining union 
conditions was read and $100.00 was ap- 

Canton, Ohio. Request from the D. C. for 
financial aid to be used for organizing pur- 
poses, $100.00 appropriated. 

Portsmouth, Va., L. U. No. 605. Request 
for financial assistance was read and the 
Board appropriated $100.00. 

San Antonio, Texas. Request from the 
D. C. for financial aid to resist a proposed 
reduction in wages and increase in hours was 
read and action deferred until additional in- 
formation is received at this office. 

January 18. 

All members present but Brother McCarthy. 

Waterville, Maine, L. U. No. 34S. Request 
for sanction of trade movement for an in- 
crease of wages to take effect May 1, 1908. 
Sanction granted. Financial aid to be consid- 
ered as reports are filed at this office. 

Ashland, Ky., L. U. No. 472. Request for 
sanction of a movement to resist an increase 
of hours and a non-union shop. Sanction 
granted. Financial aid to be considered as 
reports are received at this office. 

Streator, 111., L. U. No. 495. Request for 
sanction and financial aid of a trade movement 
for a minimum scale of 42J cents per 
hour to go into effect April 1, 1908. Sanction 
granted. Financial aid to be considered as 
reports are received at this office. 

Meadville, Pa., L. U. No. 556. Request for 
sanction and financial aid of a trade move- 
ment for increase of minimum wage from 33J 
to 35 cents per hour, to go into effect on April 
1, 1908. Sanction granted. Financial aid to be 
considered as reports are received at this 

Oskaloosa, Iowa., L. TJ. No. 1034. Request 
for sanction and financial aid of a trade move- 
ment for an increase of wage from 30 to 35 

cents per hour to go into effect March 1, 1908. 
Sanction granted. Financial aid to be consld- 
eered as reports are received at this office. 

Muscatine, Iowa, L. U. No. 1069. Request 
for sanction and financial aid of a trade move- 
ment for an eight-hour day and no reduction 
in pay to go into effect April 1, 1908. Sanc- 
tion granted. Financial aid to be considered 
as reports are received at this office. 

January 20. 

All members present but Brother McCarthy. 

La Crosse, Wis., L. U. No. 43. Request 
■for sanction and financial assistance of trade 
movement for an increase of wage from 30 
to 32i cents per hour. Sanction granted. 
Financial aid to be considered as reports are 
received at this office. 

Fresno, Oal., L. TJ. No. 1496. Request for 
sanction . of a trade movement and financial 
assistance in a demand for increase of wage 
scale in mills. Sanction granted. Financial 
aid to be considered as reports are received 
at this office. 

Daytona, Fla„ L. U. No. 1725. Request for 
sanction of a trade movement for a minimum 
wage of $3.00 per day to go into effect July 
1, 1908. Sanction granted. No financial as- 
sistance requested. 

Goldfield, Nev., L. U. No. 1761. Request for 
sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement to resist a proposed reduction of 
wages. Sanction granted. Financial assist- 
ance 'to be considered as reports are received 
at this office. 

Richmond, Mo., L. TJ. No. 1821. Request 
for sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement for a reduction of hours from 9 to 
8 and increase from $2.70 to $3.00 per day. 
Sanction granted. Financial aid to be con- 
sidered as reports are received at this office. 

Shelbyville, 111., L. TJ. No. 1892. Request 
for sanction of a trade movement. Matter 
laid over awaiting more definite information. 

Clarkesburg, W. Va., L. TJ. No. 236. Re- 
quest for sanction of a trade movement. Mat- 
ter laid over awaiting more definite informa- 

Sunbury, Pa., L. TJ. No. 838. Request for 
sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement for a 10 per cent increase of wage, 
May 1, 1908. Sanction granted. Financial as- 
sistance to be considered as reports are re- 
ceived at this office. 

Peoria, III., L. TJ. No. 183. Credentials 
presented by a committee who desired to ap- 
pear before the Board in regard to law suits 
pending against the L. TJ. 

Committee presented the matter to the 
Board and asked for financial assistance to 
carry the case to the higher courts. 

The Board appropriated $500 to Peoria for 
that purpose. 

Newport News, Va., L. TJ. No. 1494. Re- 
quest that per capita tax for two months be 
remitted. Request denied. 

Boston, Mass., L. TJ.' No. 1824. Request for 
permission to accept per capita tax for two 
months instead of regular dues from members 
out of work. Requested denied. 

©Ij? (Earymttcr 

Mt. Vernon, [II., I. i . No BOO Request 
for sanction and financial assistance In n trade 
movement for an Increase "f wage from 28 to 
:i."> cents per hour and thai members be per 
mttted i" rebate 26 cents per daj to tbetr 
employers. Sanction refused mn the Board 
cannot approve of any rebating i" employers. 

Lincoln, ill., i.. r. No, 568. Request foi 
anction of a trade movement tor Increase of 

his per hour. Matter referred back to 

the ti. U. with n request that they adopt a 
minimum scale and resubmit tor sanction. 

Reading, Pa., I.. II. No. 492, Request for 
sanction and Dnnnclal assistance of a trade 
movement for an Increase of wage from 30 to • 
:!.", cents per hour I" take effect May 1. 19IIS. 
Sanction granted, [financial assistance to be 
1-nnslilcrcd ns i.mihis are received at ^thls 

January 21. 

All members present but Brother McCarthy. 

. Fostorla, Ohio, l.. f. No. 1766. Request for 

sanction and financial assistance of a trade 

rement for Increase of minimum wage from 

28 to 30 cents per hour. Sanction granted. 
Financial aid to he considered as reports are 
i eceh ed al this office. 

Portsmouth, Va., I.. I". No. (105. Request 
tor sanction of a trade movement for an ln- 
crease In minimum wages from $2.78 to $3.04 
per day. Sanction granted. Financial as- 
sistance to lie considered as reports are re- 
ceived at this office. 

Boston, Mass. Request of I he D. C. for 
sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement for an increase In wage from 4:; :: I 
to 50 cents per hour, and a Saturday half 
holiday the entire year. Matter was laid over 
awaiting additional information. 

The consideration of purchase of head- 
quarters was again taken up and It was voted 
that Brothers Iluher. Duffy and Schardt he 
empowered to act as a sub-committee to pur- 
chase property to be used as headquarters 
and they are authorized to make all legal ar- 
rangements for the purchase and control of 
said property : also to draft articles of In- 
corporation and submit same as an amend- 
ment to the constitution to a referendum vote. 

The committee is authorized to have plans 
drawn and secure bids for the construction 
of a building and submit the same to the 
General Officers at the April meeting of the 

The time having arrived to open the bids for 
printing, wrapping and cartage of our official 
journal. The Carpenter, the Board opened the 
several bids and the Cheltenham Tress, of 
Indianapolis, being the lowest bidder was 
awarded the contract at the price of $1,652.75 
per month for one year, and the G. S. is in- 
structed to enter into a contract according to 
specifications submitted. 

Cincinnati, Ohio. Request from the Hamil- 
ton County D. C. that the Board Investigate 
rumors of graft in connection with the work 
done on the Commercial National Bank of 

Upon d request made by ibis office to the 
Chicago D, C. a verbatim report "i an in- 
vestigation made in coi itlon with this mat 

ter by the Chicago D, C. was placed before 
iii,. Board and after careful reading "f same 
the Board does not find any evidence in con- 
Arm the rumors. A copy of the report <if the 
Investigation conducted by the Chicago D, C. 
win be forwarded i" the Cincinnati D. C. by 
the <;. s. 

A committee representing the Brotherhood 
of Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers of 
America consisting of two delegates from Oil- 
cagn, accompanied hy Iwn of their general 

officers, appeared before the Hoard In refers 

to a trade dispute between the carpenters and 

January 22. 

ah members present but Brother McCarthy, 

Wheeling, \V. Vn. c munlcntlon asking 

information as to terms of settlement of late 
strike was read and as the G. S. had already 
furnished them with the same the papers were 


Wllkesbarre, Pa. Request from the Wyom- 
ing Valley I p. C. for sanction and financial 
aid of a trade movement for an Increase of 
the minimum scale from $2.60 to $.1.00 per 
day. Sanction granted. Financial aid to be 
considered as reports are received at this 

Oconomowoc, Wis.. L. U. No. 1314. Re- 
quest for sanction and financial aid of a trade 
movement for Increase of minimum wage from 
28 to 35 cents per hour to go into effect April 
I. inns. Sanction granted. Financial aid to 
be considered as reports are received at this 

St. Joseph, Mo., I,. TJ. No. 110. Request for 
financial assistance In enforcing trade rules 
was read and $50.00 is appropriated. 

Tell City, Ind., L. U. No. 1813. Request 
for sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement for a reduction of hours per day 
from 10 to with no reduction in pay, to take 
effect April 1, 1908. Sanction granted. Finan- 
cial aid to be considered as reports are made 
to this office. 

Mobile, Ala. Request from the D. C. for 
sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement for a reduction of working hours 
from to 8 per day with no reduction in pay 
and the establishment of the card system, to 
take effect May 1. Sanction granted. Finan- 
cial aid to be considered as reports are re- 
celved at this office. 

Tipton, Ind., L. U. No. 358. Request for 
sanction of trade movement to go iDto effect 
April 1. 1908. Sanction granted. Financial 
assistance to be considered as reports are re- 
ceived at this office. 

Ft. Smith. Ark., L. TJ. No. 71. Request for 
sanction and financial aid in a trade move- 
ment for an increase of wage from 40 to 45 
cents per hour to go Into effect April 1, 1908. 
Sanction granted. Financial aid to be con- 
sidered as reports are received at this office. 

Wichita, Kans., L. U. No. 201. Request for 


sanction and financial aid in a trade move- 
ment for an increase of wages from' 375 to 
43 1 cents per hour to go into effect April 1, 
1908. Sanction denied. The Board recom- 
mends that the L. U. make an effort to organ- 
ize their city and huild up their local treas- 

Brother Post being called home is excused 
from further attendance. 

January 23. 

All members present but Brothers McCarthy 
and Post. 

- Buffalo, N. Y. Request of the D. C. for 
sanction and financial aid in a trade movement 
for an increase of wages from 40 to 45 cents 
per hour to go into effect May 1, 1908. Sanc- 
tion granted. Financial assistance to be con- 
sidered as reports are received at this office. 

Cuba, 111., L. " U. No. 1454. Request for 
sanction and financial assistance of scale 
from $2.50 to ,$2.75 per day to take effect 
April 1, 1908. Sanction granted. Financial 
aid to be considered as reports are received 
at this office. 

Oklahoma City, Okla., L. U. No. 276. Re- 
quest for sanction of a trade movement for 
an increase of wage from 40 to 45 cents per 
hour and a half holiday on Saturday, to take 
effect April 1, 1908. Sanction granted. Finan- 
cial aid to be considered as reports are re- 
ceived at this office. 

Lowell, Mass. Request of the D. C. for 
sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement for an increase of wages from $2.80 
to $3.20 per day and to establish an eight-hour 
day to go into effect May 1, 1908. Sanction 
granted. Financial aid to be considered as 
reports are received at this office. 

Perry, N. Y., L. U. No. 1407. Request for 
sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement for an increase of wage from $2.25 
.to $2.50 per day and to establish a nine-hour 
workday to go into effect May 1, 1908. Sanc- 
tion granted. Financial aid to be considered 
as reports are received at this office. 

Hamilton, Ont., Can., L. U. No. 18. Re- 
quest for sanction and financial assistance of 
a trade movement for the maintenance of a 
wage scale of $3.20 per aay and a 44-hour 
week on May 1, 1908. Sanction granted. 
Financial aid to be considered as reports are 
received at this office. 

Louisville, Ky. Letter of thanks from the 
D. C. to the G. P., G. S'., G. T. and the G. E. 
B. for the assistance rendered during the 
recent strike in that city was read and filed. 

Mendota, 111., L. U. No. 1296. Appeal from 
the decision of the G. S. in disallowing the dis- 
ability claim of A. A. Austin. Due book and 
ledger abstract show claimant to have paid 
his arrearages November 17, 1906, and the 
accident happened January 29, 1907. The 
decision of the G. S. is sustained and the ap- 
peal is dismissed per section 106-107 constitu- 
tion, as claimant had not been three months 
in good standing when the accident occurred. 

Kansas City, Kans., L. U. 1391. Appeal 
from the decision of the G. S. is sustained and 

<2tye (UnrpmUv 

the appeal dismissed. Section 125 of the Gen- 
eral Constitution was not complied with as 
over two years had elapsed between the time 
of the alleged accident and the filing of the 
claim nor does the evidence show that the 
disability was caused by an accident. 

Newton, Mass., L. U. No. 1600. Appeal 
from the decision of the G. S. In disapproving 
the death claim of Carl Hanson. The decision 
of the G. S. is sustained on the grounds set 
forth in his decision. The appeal is dismissed. 

St. Charles, 111., L. U. No. 1083. Appeal 
from the decision of the G. S. in disapproving 
the death claim of Fred Jackson. The decision 
of the G. S. is sustained on the ground set 
forth in his decision. The appeal is dismissed. 

January 24. 

All members present but Brothers McCarthy 
and Post. 

Ashtabula, Ohio, L. U. No. 539. Appeal 
from the decision of the G. S. in disapproving 
the death claim of Rosmus Christenson. The 
decision of the G. S. is sustained and the ap- 
peal is dismissed. 

Amsterdam, N. Y., L. U. No. 6. Appeal 
from the decision of the G. S. in disapproving 
the disability claim of Robert Homkey. The 
decision of the G. S. is sustained on the 
ground that claim was not filed within the 
limit of time as specified in Section 125 of the 
constitution. The appeal is dismissed. 

Rochester, N. Y. Request from Monroe 
County D. C. for sanction and financial assist- 
ance of a trade movement of L. U. No. 231. 
Mill men, for a reduction of working hours 
from 9 to 8 per day with no reduction in pay 
to go into effect May 1, 1908. Sanction 
granted. Financial aid to be considered as re- 
ports are received at this office. 

Lincoln, Neb., L. U. No. 568. Additional 
information received relative to proposed trade 
demands and sanction is granted, financial as- 
sistance to be considered as reports are re- 
ceived at this office. 

New York City, L. U. No. 774. Appeal 
from the decision of the G. S. in disapproving 
the death claim of the wife of Edgar Tallman. 
The decision of the G. S. is sustained on the 
ground that Edward Tallman, husband of 
deceased, did owe more than six months' dues 
prior to the death of his wife, and by that 
act did suspend himself from the D. B. as per 
Section 108 of the constitution. The appeal is 
dismissed. The L. U. is hereby ordered to strike 
Edward Tallman's name from its books until 
such time as he may have been duly initiated. 

Detroit, Mich. Resolutions from Wayne 
County D. C. in regard to the present financial 
stringency were read and nied. 

Louisville. Ky. Resolutions from the D. C. 
in regard to the present financial stringency 
were read and filed. 

Paterson, N. J. Communication from the 
Building Trades Council of Paterson was read 
and filed. 

.Tacoma, Wash., L. U. No. 470. Communi- 
cation was read relative to an appropriation 
of $1,000 made in January, 1907. Reports 

(Hljr (Earpptitpr 

received at tbe Julj ol the Board 

showed b balam 312.20 o ad no a pparent 

i l for lame. The Instructions ol the Board 

ni thai time and re-affirmed at the October 
meeting was thai this amount be returned to 
this office, The G. S. reports a return ol 
$540.30, leaving n balance unaccounted [or ol 
$62.00. The Board Instructs the 0. S. to de 
mand i 1 1 - - return ol this amount i" this •■«••, 
without anj further delay. The request for 
present financial assistance will nol be con- 
sidered until the Instructions of the Board 
have i ii compiled with. 

Springfield, Mo., U U. No. 078. Rei st for 

sanction and financial assistance In n trade 
movement for a rductlon of hours nod Increase 
m' wage. Consideration of this matter Is de- 
ferred until i ■<• complete information* Is sup- 
plied this office. 

Sorel, Cnn., I.. D. No. 761. Request for nd- 
dttlonnl .nssist.nuce. Request denied. 

Detroit, Mich, Communication from Wayne 
County 1). C. containing resolutions was read 
and Bled. The request of tne n. S. for a loan 
of $150.00 Is denied. 

Toledo. Ohio. Communication from the D. 
C. relative to the firm of Bently and Sons was 
read and filed. 

January 25. 

Alt members present but Brothers McCarthy 
and Post 

Boston, Mass. Report of the D. C. as to 
disbursement of money appropriated by this 
office for the support of mill men on strike 
was rend and filed. 

Chicago, 111. Communication from the D. 

C. relative to a question of jurisdiction In the 
building trades was read. The matter is re- 
ferred to the G. P. with Instructions that it 
be brought before the A. F. of L. in order 
that our interests may be conserved and our 
Had" protected from encroachment. 

Omaba. Neb., T.. O. 427, and Council BiulTs. 
Iowa. L. D. No. 3G4. A proposed amendment 
to the constitution was submitted with a re- 
quest that same be sent out for a referendum 
vole. As a general convention will be held 
this year the Board refers the amendment to 
that body. 

Matter of renewal of the bond of the G. T. 
was taken up and the chairman of the G. E. B. 
was instructed to have the bond renewed in 
compliance with the constitution. 

Wilmington. Del. Request from the D. C. 
for financial assistance was read and the re- 
quest was denied. 

Cleveland. Ohio. Communication from tbe 

D. C. relative to jurisdictional dispute be- 
tween members of the U. B. and members of 
the Structural Iron Workers as to placing of 
seats in buildings and asking for a ruling on 
the matter was read and tbe Board decides 
that the work referred to belongs to carpenters 
and our members are instructed to retain con- 
trol of it. 

January 27. 
All members present but Brother Post. 
The examination and audit of the books and 
accounts of the G. O. was taken up. 

I nry 28. 

ah bet present bin Brother Post 

The ext nation ami oudll of tbe books ami 

nci mints "i tbe Q. nt Inued 

Dulutb, Minn. Adillllriiial reports r Ived 

relative to the loci I In thai • II and - 1,800 

pproprlated for ib" relief of ■ members, 

St, Paul, Minn. C munlcatlon was reod 

relative to the standing of former members of 

ibis Amalgamated \\ Iworkere Onion No B0, 

who transferred their membership in s bod] to 

I.. V. No. 1808 D. B. t leclslon of the 

B d of April 16, 1007, in reference to the 

a ling of members of the a. w. w. who 

joined the V. B. prior to the Minneapolis con- 
vention of the a. f. of l.. shall also apply 
to all those who joined subsequent to the 
Minneapolis convention and will apply to all 
future cases of like character until otherwise 
ordered by the Board, 

Montreal, can., f.. u. No. 134. Appeal 

from the decision ,,! Ilic i; S. in disapproving 

the death claim ol the wife of EJlgard Heroux. 
The decision , , r the G. s. is reversed, tbe ap- 
peal sustained and the claim Is ordered paid. 

Mlddletown, N. v., I.. I!. No. 574. Request 
for Interpretation of Bcctlon No. 67 General 
Constitution, relative to the standing of the 
members of L. r. No. 574, and the payment of 
per capita tax on same. As the Niagara 
Falls convention rendered a decision covering 
a similar matter In the ease of appeal of I.. 
U. No. 7."i. of Birmingham, Ala., In the death 
claim of II. B. Gill, tbe Board decides Hint 
non-compliance with section X". 88 of the Gen- 
eral Constitution does not invalidate a mem- 
ber's claim for benefits and L. U. No. 574 Is 
instructed to comply with section No. C.7 In 
the payment of per capita tax. 

Tamaqua, Pa. (l L. U. No. 1714. Request for 
sanction and financial assistance of a trade 
movement for an increase of wages from 30 
to 33 1-3 cents per hour to go into effect 
April 1, inns. Sanction granted. Financial 
assistance to be considered as reports are re- 
ceived at this office. 

Mahanoy City, Pa., L. U. No. 1094. ke 
quest for sanction and financial assistance In 
■a trade movement for an Increase of wages 
from .«•_'. mi to per day to go Into effect 
April 1, 1008. Sanction granted. Financial 
assistance to lie considered as reports are re- 
ceived at this office. 

January 29. 

All members present but Brother Post. 

The examination and audit of the books and 
accounts continued. 

Grand Mere. Can., L. U. No. 1744. Request 
for permission to send an appeal to tbe local 
unions for a donation of funds to establish a 
sash, blind and stair shop. Request denied. 

Cleveland, Ohio, L. U. No. 105. Communi- 
cation in regard to forming a stock company 
and issuing a circular letter. The Board re- 
fuses sanction to L. U. No. 105 to send cir- 
culars to unions or members soliciting 
subscriptions for stock of a contracting and 
Imilding company to be incorporated under the 
laws of the State of Ohio and further that 


Q% (&<xtpmtn 

L. U. No. 105 is instructed to abstain from 
any official connection with the proposed com- 

Waterbury, Conn., L. U. No. 260. Appeal 
from the decision of the G. S. in disapproving 
the death claim of Jacob A. Liberty. The 
decision of the G. S. is sustained and the 
appeal is dismissed. 

Bradford, Pa., L. TJ. No. 124. Communica- 
tion acknowledging receipt or an appropriation 
of $100.00 and extending a vote of thanks for 
the same was read and filed. 

Glen Cove, N. 1'., L. D. No. 1093. The 
necessary information in regard to a trade 
movement asked for by the Board having been 
received, the demands are sanctioned. Finan- 
cial assistance will be considered as reports 
are received at this office. 

San Antonio, Texas, L. U. No. 460. Addi- 
tional information relative to conditions pre- 
vailing in that city was read and the Board 
insists on the maintenance of an eight-hour 
work day. Financial assistance will be con- 
sidered as reports are received at this office. 

January 30. 

All members present but Brother Post. 

The examination of the books and accounts 

Minneapolis, Minn., L. U. No. 7. Request 
for sanction and financial assistance in sup- 
port of a trade movement for. an increase 
of minimum wage from 42i to 45 cents per 
hour to go into effect April 1, 1908. Sanction 
granted, provided the endorsement of the D. C. 
is obtained and filed with the G. S. Financial 
assistance will be considered as- reports are re- 
ceived at this office. 

Ashland, Ky., L. U. No. 472. Request for 
an appropriation to assist members who are 
locked out. $200.00 appropriated.' 

Palatka, Fla., L. U. No. 1098. Request for 
sanction of a trade movement for an eight- 
hour day to take effect February 1. 1908. 
Sanction granted. No financial aid requested. 

Fargo, N. D., L. U. No. 1176/ Request for 
sanction and financial assistance in support of 
a trade movement for an increase, of minimum 
scale from 30 to 40 cents per hour and a re- 
duction of working hours from 10 to 9 per day 
to take effect May 1, 1908. Sanction granted. 
Financial assistance to be considered as reports 
are received at this office. 

Kenosha, Wis., L. U. No. 161. Communica- 
tion containing information relative to a lock- 
out in that city was read and filed and the 
G. P. requested to send a deputy as soon as 

Birmingham, Ala. Communication from the 
D. C. was read stating that the First National 
Bank of Birmingham was unfair to the car- 
penters and requesting the withdrawal of the 
money deposited in that bank. 

The Board decides and directs that the $25,- 
000.00 now on deposit with the First National 
Bank of Birmingham, Ala., be withdrawn and 
deposited with the Traders National Bank of 
Birmingham, Ala. It was also decided to 
withdraw $25,000.00 from the active account 


with the Capital National Bank of Indian- 
apolis, Ind., and deposit the same with the 
Fort Dearborn National Bank of Chicago, III. 

Fall River, Mass. Request from the D. C. 
for sanction and financial assistance in sup- 
port of a trade movement to take effect May 
1, 190S, was read and consideration deferred 
until the necessary information asked for by 
this office has been supplied by the D. C. 

Indianapolis, Ind. Request from the D. C. 
for an appropriation of $500.00 to be used for 
organizing purposes. Request denied. 

Amarillo, Texas, L. U. No. C55. Request 
for sanction and financial aid in support of a 
■trade movement for an increase of wage from 
$3.50 to $4.00 per day to take effect May 1, 
190S. Sanction granted. Financial aid to be 
considered as reports are received at this office. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Appeal of C. J. Pfister from 
the decision of the G. P. in the case of C. J. 
Pfister, appellant, vs. Buffalo D. C, appellee. 
The decision of the G. P. is sustained and the 
appeal is dismissed. 

Matter of litigation in the injunction case 
of Fox Brothers Mfg. Co., of St. Louis, vs. 
Shine and others, of the St. Louis D. C, was 
considered and the G. P. is instructed to de- 
fend the suit and employ the necessary legal 

Los Gatos, Cal., L. IT. No. S44. Communi- 
cation relative to an assessment levied by the 
San Jose Building Trades Council was read 
and the Board decides that this is a matter 
over "which the G. E. B. exercises no juris- 
diction, but would recommend to the locals 
in question that in the interest of harmony 
and trade unionism, they abide by the will 
of the majority as expressed by the action of 
the Building Trades Council. 

January 31. 

All members present but Brother Post. 

Xoungstown, Ohio, L. TJ. No. 171. Request 
for sanction and financial aid in support of a 
trade movement for a renewal of a trade 
agreement that expires May 1, 1908. Sanction 
granted. Financial aid to be considered as 
reports are received at this office. 

Shelbyville, 111., L. U. No. 1S92. Addition- 
al information relative to a proposed trade 
movement was read and as the L. U. does not 
state what the minimum scale is the Board 
cannot act on the same. 

Springfield, Mo., L. U. No. 978. Additional 
information relative to a proposed trade move- 
ment to take effect May 1, 1908, was read. 
Action is deferred until the April session of 
the Board and the G. P. is requested to place 
an organizer in that city in the meantime! 

The examination and audit of the hooks and 
accounts continued. 

February 1. 

All members present but Brother Post. 

The audit of the books and accounts con- 

The report of the expert accountant was 
compared with the books of the G. O., the 
audit completed and the books and accounts 
found correct. 

ulltr (Earjinttpr 

Montreal, Can., l>. 0. No, 1270 Communl 
cation wns read containing n reQuesI f"r Bnan 
da) assistance 00 Is appropriated tor 

their relief. 

Portsmouth, Va., i.. 0. No. 0OB. Communl 
cation containing a vote o! thanks for »n ap 

proprlatlon c Ived from nils office was read 

and Bled. 

There helm; no further business the minutes 
were read and approved and the Board ad 

Journs to meet again nt this uin< i April 

... 1008. 

(Signed) ROBERT El, L. CONNOLLY, Sec. 

Attest: FRANK DUFFY, Gen Secretary. 


Jesse L Walling bas been expelled by L. 
I'. 731, Corsicana, Tex., for stealing tools 
from brotber members. 

J. H. Brown, a member of L. U. 116, 
Bay City, Mich., bas been expelled for mis- 
appropriating funds intrusted to him by the 
Local I'nion. 

II. A. Burdick bas been expelled from L. 
I'. 9, Buffalo, N. V., for embezzlement of 
funds belonging to tbe Local Union and 
indicted by the grand jury of Erie county, 
X. Y., for the offense. 

.1. \V. Pearce of L. U. 763, Enid, Okla., 
has been expelled from the Local Union for 
defrauding a brother member. 

Richards, Edmund, a member of L. U. 
806, Pacific Grove, Cal., has been expelled 
by tbe Local Union for absconding with 
another brother's tools. 

Washington State Federation of Labor. 

Seattle, Wash., Jan. 16, 1908. 
To Organized Labor of the United States 

and Canada. Greeting: 

Dear Sirs and Brothers — On Saturday, 
January 4, we wired President Gompers to 
the effect that the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific 
exposition commission had treated organ- 
ized labor unfairly; that carpenters were 
cut $1.40 per day, laborers from $2.25 to 
$1.75, and board raised from $5.00 to $6.00 
per week at the contractors' boarding 

This fair has for eighteen months been 
looked forward to by all the people of the 
northwest as a grand project and one which 
organized labor could well afford to boost; 
everything looked favorable for an exposi- 
tion which would be carried through without 
industrial strife. All went well until the 
completion of the administration building ; 

although there bad been do precaution used 

in tlw contract a Union man was awarded 

il nlrart for that building. The union 

nun who had served as a committee in i 
tho fair lnnlt and operated by union help 
"I organized crafts had taken time and 
penl considerable money in order to sec 
lhat iin stone lie left unturned to secure the 
desired result — a fair Fair. 

In order to fully explain the part organ- 
ize! labor took in their efforts to gain the 
above end it will be necessary to go into a 
little history of the work of the committee 
of fourteen — seven from the Centra] Laboi 
Council and seven from tho Building Trades 
Assembly, the building trades section of the 
Central Labor Council. This committee was 
first appointed on June 15, 1906, and 
worked from then till November 10, hold- 
ing weekly meetings, conferences being held 
on many occasions with the exposition 

The exposition management, while not 
willing to sign a contract, did state that 
it wished the fair to progress without in- 
dustrial strife, and individual members ex- 
pressed themselves as favorable to organ- 
ized labor, stating that they could not see 
how it could be built without it. This was 
prior to the date of stock subscriptions. Our 
committee had a plan matured whereby or- 
ganized labor was to take $25,000 worth of 
stock, but when the day came, the full 
$500,000 was subscribed and fully $120,000 
more without our $25,000. The commission 
was again asked to agree to run a union 
exposition throughout and we asked them 
to send a copy of the following letter out 
with their advertising matter: 

' ' The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition 
committee desires to have all buildings con- 
structed on the grounds progress in a satis- 
factory manner, and we have used the pre- 
caution of entering into an agreement with 
the several labor organizations of the city 
of Seattle and vicinity whereby they have 
agreed to furnish sufficient help, skilled and 
unskilled. We recognize the fact that such 
an agreement has practically insured indus- 
trial peace, and guarantees that no strikes 
or other labor troubles will delay the con- 
struction work or interfere in any way with 
the management of the fair; therefore, we 
recommend to any prospective concession- 
ists or states, nations, corporations or indi- 


viduals that a union clause be inserted in 
their contracts, so that the men and women 
who have agreed to continue work without 
cessation for any cause will be able to carry 
out their part of the agreement, and they 
will undoubtedly aid very materially in 
making this affair a success." 

Among the clauses in the proposed agree- 
ment was the following: 

' ' That any foreign country wishing to 
erect buildings or exhibits by ' native 
labor, ' that such buildings would be con- 
sidered fair; and, further, that state build- 
ings over which the commission had no con- 
trol would not be considered as unfair so 
far as construction on other work on the 
ground was concerned; provided the recom- 
mendation or letter above referred to was 
sent out as requested. ' ' 

We guaranteed the commission to furnish 
sufficient competent help and that there 
would be no cessation of work for any 
cause. If any jurisdiction trouble should 
arise we provided for a settlement within 
the unions, without delay of work; that any 
difficulties which might arise would be 
settled by arbitration, thus guaranteeing no 
cessation of work. Yet the commission re- 
fused to enter into any agreement — they 
had sufficient funds to run the fair, they 
thought, and they did not even need our 

We claim that we have done our part and 
that the exposition management has brought 
this trouble upon themselves. They refer to 
the Portland ' ' open shop ' ' exposition as a 
success, and the Jamestown ' ' union shop ' ' 
fair as a rank failure, and their conclusions 
to the committee were: 

' ' This is public money and something for 
the benefit of the entire public, and we will 
not enter into any agreement or put union 
clauses in contracts. ' ' 

They even refused to protect the present 
wage scales of the city and prevent reduc- 
tions by inserting a union clause. 

All the machinery of organized labor in 
the state was used; first the Carpenters' 
Union; then the Building Trades Assembly; 
later the Central Labor Couneil, and last 
the State Federation of Labor, but with 
no avail. The exposition has been placed 
upon the unfair list by all the above-men- 
tioned organizations of labor, and it is re- 

Sty? GLatprntn 

quested that all of organized labor, their 
friends and sympathizers in the Unitecl 
States and Canada, do their part to see 
that no further money is appropriated un- 
less the fair commission agrees to treat with 
labor fairly, thereby ceasing its fight on or- 
ganized labor in the northwest. 

The following resolution was unanimous- 
ly adopted by the federation after due in- 
vestigation by a committee of seven — one 
from each of the principal cities in the 
state : 

"Whereas, Organized labor of Seattle, 
through its Central Labor Council, has 
placed the A.-Y.-P. fair on the unfair list; 
therefore, be it 

"Resolved, By the Washington State 
Federation of Labor, in regular convention 
assembled, at Tacoma, Washington, this 9th 
day of January, 1908, that we concur in 
the action of the Central Labor Council of 
the city of Seattle, and that this federa- 
tion, through its regular officers, executive 
board and other such means that it may 
have and control, spread this action broad- 
cast throughout the land, and request the 
co-operation of the American Federation of 
Labor, and all state federations of whatever 
character, to work to the end that all state 
and national assistance be withheld from 
this exposition until organized lpbor, in 
each and every one of its affiliations of 
unions, are accorded their just and equita- 
ble demands by the A.-Y.-P. exposition, 
with the proper assurance that all agree- 
ments that may be made with organized 
labor will be held inviolate; and be it 

"Resolved, That this federation use every 
means in its power to spread the news of 
this action to every part of the United 
States, and other countries, admonishing all 
people to remain away from this exposition: 
until such time as organised lnbor notify 
them of an amicable settlement of all diffi- 
culties. ' ' 

Thanking you for your assistance in this- 
matter to the end that organized labor in 
the northwest will receive just recognition,, 
we are, fraternally yours, 


W m. B. MacFarlane. 
\^ stated in ni\ laal report 1 was in 
structed by the *'•■ P. to proceed to Pitts- 
burg, Pa. Shortly after my arrival I at 
tended a meeting of the Buildings Tradi 
wliicli was called for the purpose of en 
deavoring to bring these Trades closer to- 
gether. \t this meeting many propositions 
were submitted and committees appointed, 

who, after many days labor, reported 1 k 

to a convention of the Buildings Tradi 
only to see their efforts east to tin' four 
winds. I then held a meeting with the 
Pittsburg District Council of Carpenters 
and made recommendations, that I believed 
would tend to solidify and build up the 
carpenters of the Pittsburg district. Com- 
mittees were appointed, mass meetings 
scheduled and held in the various sections 
of the district, some of which were a pro- 
nounced success, especially those held in the 

The Pittsburg district is 1 a very large one, 
taking in about 40 miles square. It prac- 
tically runs itself, there being no real head 
or person responsible for the management 
of the same. An effort was made to change 
the old and antiquated laws governing the 
District. A committee was appointed to 
revise and amend them. After many weeks 
of hard and earnest work, and having their 
amendments submitted in printed form, in 
order that each L. t T . and their delegates 
might have ample time to read and study 
same. They were submitted to the D. 1 1, 
for consideration, with the result that, (the 
non-progressive and knocking element, who 
are always afraid that some law might be 
enacted that would militate against their 
personal interests in the future), voted to 
table the whole matter and continue in the 
same old, worn-out grove. 

An effort was made to increase the 
monthly dues from 30 cents to 73 cents per 
month, but the same element that knocked 
the proposed amendments to D. C. constitu- 
tion fought for the old 50 cents per month 

. notwithstanding the Cacl that their 
wages have been increa ed (1.10 per day in 
the last five years. Prominent men in L. U. 

Jll, nt' Allegheny, I'm., were responsible for 
the defeat of increasing the dues, some of 
the old-time members of national aspira- 
tions, argued that they only wanted to raise 
the dues so that they could have more money 
;ii headquarters to do what they pleased 
with, etc. 

The matter of dividing the 1'istriet was 
discussed in all of its phases. The Locals 
in the out-lying sections of the District 
believed they could obtain better results if 
given an opportunity to form a D. C. and 
handle their own affairs. A referendum 
vote of the Locals interested was taken. 
The Pittsburg D. C. granted the request. 
Time will tell whether or not the move was 
a wise one. The Pittsburg D. C. have been 
in the throes of a strike for over one year. 
They have maintained the eight-hour work 
day; $4.00 per day, and the union shop. 
Were it not for the wise, consistent and 
conservative leaders in our respective Local 
Unions of the District, disastrous results 
might have followed. It is to be hoped that, 
after a long winters slumber, some of those 
who fought new and progressive measures, 
will shake off their old foggieism and fall 
in line with those who want to have their 
District in the front ranks of the leading 
cities of our country. 

As per instructions, I went to Youngs- 
town, Ohio, where our members have been 
on strike since the 1st of May. I found 
that nearly all of our members were at, 
work, the majority of the contractors hav- 
ing signed the scale, 8 hours, $3.50 and the 
union shop. The Kahn Construction Co., 
of Detroit, has the contract of erecting the 
Stambaugh Block. The job was started 
with union men, but later on, Superin- 
tendent and foreman were changed, the men 
were ordered to work 10 hours straight- 
time, whereupon the men quit work. The 
company then imported about 40 men from 


Detroit, Mich., the job was picketed and the 
non-union men coming out. An injunction 
was issued by Judge Eodgers restraining us 
from picketing in two's or more. This job 
is going along very slowly. All carpenters 
should stay away from Toungstown. The 
members of L. U. 171 are putting up a 
good, clean fight. There is no question but 
what they will win out over every contractor 
in the city. I left to attend A. F. of L. 

The carpenters of Norfolk and Tide 
Water, Virginia, gave us a right royal wel- 
come while in their midst. Since my return 
to Youngstown, two contractors have signed 
our agreement. 

N. Arcand. 

During the past four weeks I have visited 
Sorel, Quebec, Levis,' Montmorency Falls, 
Three Eivers, Magog, Sherbrooke and 
Shawiningen Falls. 

In Sorel I addressed a well-attended open 
meeting, held under the auspices of L. XT. 
761, its object being to instill with renewed 
interest in the cause a certain number of 
members who, after an eight months' fight 
against a mighty enemy, seemed to be 
tempted to abandon the good cause they had 
struggled for. I easily convinced these men 
that by their attitude they were injuring, 
tneir own cause and left them determined to 
resist to the end. 

In Quebec I presided over the meeting of 
L. IT. 730 while the election of new officers 
took place. There was much ado over the 
re-election of the business agent who re- 
ceived a majority vote. He being a very 
able man, I tried my best to conciliate the 
dissident parties. 

To Levis I went with a view to organiz- 
ing a Local Union, and after going through 
the usual preliminary work, I found pros- 
pects favorable for success in the near 

In Montmorency Falls I found L. U. 
1940 in good shape and prospering. 

"When I visited Three Eivers L. U. 1793 
had just passed a resolution demanding an 
advance in wages, but in view of the present 
financial stringency and general depression 
of business, I discountenanced the contem- 
plated movement at this time. 

In Magog, also, I conducted the election 

of new officers for L. IT. 332, and visited 
the most important jobs persuading the non- 
union men to join the organization. This 
I also done in Sherbrooke, at the same time 
looking after other matters in the interest 
of the Local Union. 

In Shawiningen Falls I addressed a very 
enthusiastic meeting resulting in the initia- 
tion of two new members. The precarious 
financial situation in the states has also 
east its shadow over the Canadian provinces 
and caused some uneasiness which, however, 
I hope, will be but momentarily. 1 have also 
occasionally been active in Montreal and 
addressed meetings called by the various 
Local Unions of that city. On these oc- 
casions L. U. 1127 gained some new mem- 
bers, something which had not occurred f6r 
some time. The other Local Unions are in 
good shape. 

Work is rather scarce here this winter 
which renders organizing and recruiting 
work rather difficult. Some employers are 
threatening to reduce wages, but I hope we 
will be strong enough to prevent it. 


R. Fuelle. 

In my last report for the journal I re- 
ferred to conditions in Batavia, N. Y. In 
addition I will now say that on November 
19 I visited the Central Labor Union of 
that city showing them that in taking up 
the carvers' grievance in the Batavia Wood 
Working Company's shop, they had violated 
Article 12, Section 7 of the constitution of 
the A. F. of L. Thereupon that body de- 
cided to wash its hands of the entire mat- 
ter, to have nothing further to do with the 
grievance, and to so notify the carvers' 
union in Eochester. Since the taking of this 
action peace between that body and our 
members in Batavia is re-established. Hav- 
ing thus completed my work in the latter 
city, I proceeded to Oswego, N. Y., on De- 
cember 2, as per order of the G. P. I at- 
tended the meeting of L. U. 747, finding 
the Local Union one of the most efficient 
in New York state. It has a membership 
of about 200 in good standing, the eight- 
hour day and $3.00 per day minimum and 
strictly union-shop conditions prevail. The 
mills also work eight hours for the same 
pay. The L. U. recently raised their initia- 

Sitr (Earprttter 

lion fee in ^LT>; three now members were 
taken in the night of my presence. 
This I., I'., desiring that an attempt be 

made 1" organize Phoenix, N. Y., I went 
In that locality, finding there, four union 
men, holding membership either in Syracuse 
or Fulton, N. Y., and about twelve non- 
union. With the assistance of the union 
men I obtained the names of all the car- 
penters in the village. There are two mills 
in Phoenix, one of them is known as the 
Phoenix Sliding Blind Company, but both 
arc run by the firm of J. II. LoomiS & Sons. 
They had twenty-four machine and bench 
hands in their employ, three of whom agreed 
to join at once, the remainder were as yet 
not ready. As our men in that district are 
determined to extend the scope of the or- 
ganization as far as possible, a L. U. may 
lie organized in Phoenix next spring. The 
mills referred to are shipping material all 
over the state, and as they are strictly non- 
union, the name of the owners, J. H. Loomis 
& Sons should be kept in mind by all 

On December 3 I visited our L. U. in 
Fulton, N. Y., and received a royal wel- 
come. The meeting, I was informed, was 
the largest they ever held, ana it was mid- 
night before we parted. The Fulton L. U., 
754, secured the eight-hour day this year 
(1907) and is contemplating a movement 
for an advance in wages in 1908. 

On December 17 I addressed a meeting of 
L. IT. 322, Niagara Falls, N. Y., at the 
same time arranging a special meeting of 
the county D._ C. for Friday, December 20, 
to take up the matter of organizing the ma- 
chine hands in the district, only the bench 
hands being organized. On December 18 
I visited L. U. 369 Tonawanda, N. Y., which 
is affiliated with the Niagara D. C. and 
here, as in all five localities comprising the 
district, I found that the proposition to 
unionize the mills met with general satis- 
faction and approval among our member- 
ship. I also went to Niagara Falls, Canada, 
where Brother M. Faurot, the president of 
L. TJ. 713 and president of the D. C, who is 
a hustler, with Brother Sweet the business 
agent, arranged a special meeting in two 
days ' time covering twenty-four miles of 
territory. In Lockport N. Y., I found one 
small mill located there, employing union 
men. L. IT. 289, Lockport, is a very lively 

I :il anil nun union carpenters are a 

curiosity in the town. I also called on 
I '.nil her James Horton, I he business agent 
of the Syracuse ilislrict; he has the situa- 
tion well in hand, although quite a num 
ber of our men arc out of work in that 
rll - v - * * * 

W. J. Shields. 

The important concern of the member- 
ship of our unions in this section of the 
country during the past month has been 
the election anil installation of officers, and 
in attending quite a few of these meetings 
I was impressed with the improved judg- 
ment used as contrasted with the past, 
when the sentiment prevailed to the effect 
that "He has been in long enough; give the 
other fellow a chance," which sentiment 
many times turned down good, competent 
officers, to be replaced at times by good 
fellows, but lacking in the qualifications 
necessary, to successful administration. Our 
unions have outlived the extravagance of 
turning down efficient officers and our late 
elections throughout this section have re- 
sulted in retaining, on the grounds of their 
efficiency, many of the old officers. I have 
attended through invitation and have been 
permitted to act as installing officer at the 
following meetings: Union 831, Arlington, 
Mass.; 802, Hyde Park, Mass.; 838, West 
Roxbury, Mass.; 441, Cambridge, Mass., 
and 632, Providence, R. I. These unions 
made their first meeting of the year a very 
important one. It was not only an instal- 
lation occasion, but an occasion to review 
results of the past and to consider possi- 
bilities of the future. The programs in 
their scope included food for the mind, 
something for the stomach and a harmoniz- 
ing feast of frivolous matter, sufficient to 
say the account sheets at the adjournment 
showed to all who attended these meet- 
ings reasons why the union must continue 
to prosper if the interests of the individual 
is to be safeguarded. The other group of 
meetings attended were arranged under the 
auspices of Locals 931 and 1699 of Man- 
chester, N. H.; 275. Newton, Mass.; 762, 
Quiney, Mass., and 177 of Springfield, Mass. 
The purpose of this group of meetings was 
to impress the individual member of the 
importance of his sharing in the responsi- 
bility of the unions ' work. Another reason 


was an attempt to improve the standard of 
the organization by adding new members 
and getting those in arrears to square up. 
The holding intact our present member- 
ship seems to be the ambition that pos- 
sesses the managing force of our unions 
in the times we are going through. Some 
time has been devoted in an attempt to in- 
terest the carpenters employed in the ship- 
yards of Boston and organizing a union of 
their specialty. These men are a competi- 
tive factor, as the seasons of work in the 
yacht yards are short and these men are 
frequently found on the buildings, ignoring 
our trade conditions. To prevent this we 
are trying to reach these men by organiz- 
ing them into a local attached to the U. B. 
This work is still on and I trust to be able 
to report success in my next report. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

P. Carlin. 

After completing my work in Duluth, 
Minn., referred to in my last report, I vis- 
ited a number of towns and cities in west- 
ern Minnesota and North Dakota. Arriv- 
ing at Crookston, I learned that at one 
time we had a fine Local Union in that 
locality, but friction and dissension crept 
in and the union went to the wall. Study- 
ing local conditions, I concluded that the 
time for an attempt at reorganization was 
inopportune and went to Grand Forks. 

In this latter place we have a lively 
Local Union. Their meeting night being 
a week from date of my presence, I short- 
ened my stay, proceeding to Valley City. 
After some persistent work I established 
a good Local Union of thirty members in 
that place. Indications point to a busy 
spring season and prospects are good for 
gaining better working conditions. At 
present wages are low in Grand Forks and 
working time ten hours per day. In Minot, 
N. D., I found similar conditions. Work- 
ing hard for some time, I succeeded in or- 
ganizing a Local Union of forty-eight char- 
ter members, and this number was in- 
creased to eighty-two at the next meeting. 
A contractor of Minneapolis, who gained 
notoriety as a union fighter in that city in 
L. U. 7 's struggle, was building a large 
four mill in Minot. I got all his men to 
join the new Local Union. They were all 
the good men the contractor could pick up 

Q% (&ntpmt?x 

in the Minneapolis fight, and the turn 
tilings have recently taken will undoubted 
ly bring about a change for the better in 
his attitude towards organized .labor. 

Visiting Devil's Lake, N. D., I found 
work pretty fair, but men working for all 
kinds of wages, from 25 cents to 37% cents 
per hour and ten hours per day. After two 
meetings I succeeded in establishing a Lo- 
cal Union of forty-eight charter members, 
with good prospects for the near future. 
Our Local Union in Fargo, N. D., was in 
bad shape at the time of my visit. By 
order of the G. P. I extended my stay, 
stirred up the membership to new life and 
induced some of the non-union men to join. 

I stopped at Jamestown, N. D., where 
trad-e was so dull that any attempt to effect 
an organization would have been a waste 
of time. Bismarck, the capital of the 
state, was my next stop. Here conditions 
were very unsatisfactory, wages low and 
cost, of living very high. I visited all the 
jobs and arranged for a meeting, which 
was well attended, and resulted in twenty- 
seven applications for membership; twenty 
more followed at the following meeting. 

I then visited Aberdeen, S. D., where I 
found that poor judgment previously dis- 
played by members made it rather hard to 
get the men in line again. However, I 
believe that in a short time they will be 
ready to organize, as wages are low and 
hours long. 

In Madison, Minn., our men have made 
great strides since my visit last spring, 
adding nearly 200 members to their Local 
Union, for which credit is chiefly due to 
their business agent. 

I was called upon to settle some trouble 
caused by the painters, which threatened 
to become serious, at the coming of the 
new year. A meeting of the S. B. T. A. 
was called and the differences adjusted. 

I next went to Mankato, Minn., finding . 
our Local Union in a bad state. No de- 
mand for better conditions had been made 
here since the men organized five years 
ago, they having lost faith in the organi- 
zation, dropped out and became demoral- 

I believe the advice I have given our 
members will spur them on to activity 
when work starts up in the spring, and 
good results may follow. From Mankato 

I proceeded t" Faribault, Minn. Here the 
Local Union had gone oul of existence, 
but mosl of the members transferred their 
membership to other Local I'nions in other 
cities. 1 am pleased li> state that in 
Boi I" iter, Minn., where I stopped next. I 
found different conditions and membership 

posed "t lively, energetic men, evei 

ready to further the good cause. Here 
hours are nine per day, wages 35 cents an 
hour. After visiting several other places 
in Minnesota ami North Dakota, I went to 
La Crosse, where I am working at this 

I am glad to report that in North Da- 
kota, where a year ago wo scarcely had 
any members at all, we have now a mem- 
bership of about 500. 

The Huge Terminal. 

Imagine one building housing not less 
than 10,000 persons. 

That 's the kind of a structure the Hud- 
son Company 's terminal railway station is 
to be in New York. 

This immense structure will hold the 
world 's record not only for the number of its 
inhabitants, but also as the greatest railway 
terminal and the largest office building in 
the world. 

The business men who will occupy offices, 
together with the men, women and boys, 
who will work in these offices, will aggre- 
gate a population greater than many a 
Michigan city, and will be greater than the 
population in the largest town in four 
states, Arizona, Idaho, New Mexico and 

It is estimated that 182,000,000 persons 
will pass through the station entering and 
leaving trains in the course of a year. 
Thirty feet below the street,. electric trains 
enter and leave the building every instant, 
thus handling the vast army of travelers 
with dispatch and without sufficient noise 
to disturb the occupants of offices. 

This city under roof, will have thirty- 
nine avenues in the form of elevators, in- 
tersecting twenty-two streets in the shape 
of floors. Cars entering the building will 
be of steel. The steel frame of the struc- 
ture will w-eigh 24,000 tons. If all the 
hollow terra cotta blocks that will be used 
in 'the building were built into a wall ten 

feet high it would be twenty-eight miles 

Above the curb line there will be used ID, 
100,000 bricks and 520,000 square yards of 

Over sixteen miles of plumbing pipe, 
twenty nine miles of steam pipe and ninety- 
five miles of electrical conduit will enter 
into the construction of the building. Each 
floor offers an available area of about one 
acre for offices and the entire building 
will total over twenty-two acres of useful 
space above the curb line. — Building 

Labor's Retrospection, 

lie works in vain ! 
Prosperity seems the rich man's gain. 
For he who tolls with brawn and brain, 
And makes a goodly wage, must needs again 
Dispense his gold to aid the monster of un- 
licensed greed, 
When buying food or clothes, or wood, or even 
springtime seed. 

And so he counted when the year was done 
The wealth he had, then one by one 
Enumerated he the prices high 
That caused his earnings to take wings and 

And leave to him w r ho toils an abject vacancy. 

The seasons opened with propitious sign, 

And money came to his and mine, 

But soon adieu it said, and thither went 

To fill the coffers of the fiends who bent 

To overload again the tollers who were nearly 

From curses that walked band In hand with 


The trust God halted in his work of Joy 
To wipe his brow, but yet to toy 
With monster digets in the golden yield 
That he had gathered from the toller's field ; 
Unearned — unpaid for — then again he smiled. 
While drawing in the wealth for which he had 
not toiled. 

F. J. BUCK, Local Union No. 98. 
Spokane, Wash. 

Long hours of hard physical labor are no 
longer a necessary condition of any indus- 
try. There is nothing that is worth produc- 
ing that can not be produced and brought 
to market under reasonable conditions. 
Being unnecessary and being destructive of 
human life, long hours are but a form of 
exploitation by which one man profits to 
another's irreparable and uncompensated in- 
jury. — Charity and the Commons. 


Public, or Private Trade Schools. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

Did you ever see a thorough mechanic 
turned out of a tra'de school? I mean an 
up-to-date carpenter or joiner who can read 
the drawing and make it if necessary. 
Who can lay out and execute properly any 
piece of work the boss may require him to 
do. My idea of technical education is, that 
each Local Union should own their own hall 
and have room provided for instruction in 
drawing and joinery, where any who desire 
to . do so, can learn how to keep the tools 
in first-class order and how to use them. 
As you well know, we frequently have to 
fit up new tools before they can be made 
to work satisfactorily. Let us make our- 
selves practical mechanics! We can do the 
work without the young ' ' Dude ' ' turned 
out by some of the trade schools, who stand 
around with the pencil behind the ear. 
They possess a limited amount of knowl- 
edge taught by theorists, not practical me- 
chanics; they do not know the material nor 
how to put it together. Many educators 
think mechanics can be turned out of 
schools; they are the ones who are trying to 
break up the unions. 

In the October 17th issue of the ' ' New 
York Tribune Farmer" I noticed an article 
on the above subject to which I desire to 
make, the following comments, which I 
think will be of interest to the readers of 
The Carpenter. 

There are varied opinions as to whether 
trade schools should be supported and man- 
aged by the public or by corporations. The 
plan in vogue in England, the details of 
which were expounded to me by an English- 
man and carpenter and joiner, is this: The 
government furnishes the room and the 
teacher, called "Under Master;" the ap- 
prentice furnishes the supplies and the light, 
and during their apprenticeship, while the 
hands are being trained to do the work, they 
receive theoretical instruction and are 
taught drawing. When they pass in con- 

struction of buildings and are through at 
that school, they receive a certificate of pro- 
ficiency which entitles the apprentice to 
pass up to a higher school, at Kennington. 

Now I think, that by the time the ap- 
prentice has served his five years, the regu- 
lar time of apprenticeship and attended 
uight school, he may be a fairly good me- 
chanic. This course of instruction may be 
too slow for America, but let me assure you 
it will produce a mechanic. 

It is my opinion, based on experience of 
over fifty years at the business, that the 
carpenter trade can not be learned in the 
trade school, for the reason that the theoret- 
ical and the practical part must be 
learned simultaneously. The use of the 
tools, the keeping them in order and the 
kind of quality of the materia], all have to 
be learned by handling them. 

The editor of the New York Tribune 
Parmer says in the article referred to: "It 
might be pertinently suggested that the 
trade unions, if they do not approve of in- 
dustrial schools founded and directed by 
corporations, might themselves well estab- 
lish a system of them which would not be 
' ' scabhatcheries ' ' but would produce grad- 
uates devoted to the cause of organized la- 
bor. ' ' Well, the establishing of trade 
schools by the unions is exactly what others 
and myself have been advocating for sev- 
eral years. We believe that with schools so 
conducted more could be accomplished in the 
technical "education of the apprentice than 
by any other means. We desire to educate 
the apprentice and journeyman carpenter in 
building business to a degree that he be able 
to draft complete plans of buildings, includ- 
ing working drawings, lay out all arches, 
make centers for the same; in short, t» have 
a thorough knowledge of construction work 
from the footing-stone to the chimneytop, 
be able to tell each kind of timber at sight, 
able to judge of kind and quality of all 
building material. 

Just as the medical student has to enter 

ullj? (Eatimtter 

the dissecting room, as lie must learn to 

.1 bodies, which ran only lie learne.l by 

doing the work, just so with tlic practical, 
thorough mechanic. 1 am in favor of our 
own trade schools conducted and managed 
by the union. 

1 think this course would be an advant- 

i to us in many ways. We want to see 
the time when the wood butcher will have to 
take to the woods. 

Fraternally yours. 
MILTON LOGAN, L.^U. 1235, 

Warren, Ohio. 

The Sunny South. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

That part of our blessed country in which 
the inhabitants once enjoyed only the per- 
petual sunshine, beautiful flowers, evergreen 
forest and a languid, indolent nature, is at 
this time undergoing a great industrial 
change. In this same Southland, the cap- 
italist, the manufacturers and the industrial 
promoters find that for which they are seek- 
ing, raw material for nearly every known 
commodity, an abundance of cheap transpor- 
tation facilities and ready labor to man the 
many mills, factories, mines and fields. 

With progress our slogan, with stability 
and integrity of every effort zealously 
guarded, where once laid waste and barren 
the broad fields of an inanimate southland, 
■we will, ere a few short years, find "The 
Garden Spot ' ' of the greatest country on 
the face of the globe. Now! ■ Brother 
Trade Unionist, what are we doing? "Are 
we keeping abreast of the times, ' ' or are 
we taking the place of the Tortoise in the 
old fable. We hope not. Tea, we are not. 
Though the pace is a rapid one, we are en- 
deavoring to advance the interest of the 
bread-winner in proportion to the opportu- 
nities opened. Every man, woman and 
most of the children are soldiers in the 
cause of unionism. They believe it a just 
and deserving cause, and the time is at hand 
when we should marshal our forces by a 
systematic method of organization, not for 
purpose of active warfare, but to be wholly 
prepared for war is to be doubly prepared 
to promote progress through and by peace- 
ful means, and for this purpose the south 
is in need of good, energetic, hustling 

•'Are we keeping abreast of the tiniest" 

J 68, "i C us are, and we are pleased to 

i p every opportunity to assist our less 
fortunate brothers. Do we really mean itl 
Do wo "practice what we preach?" Do 
we realize that when we fail to do so we 
violate our obligations? Three cheers for 
the Tennessee boys who are "abreast of 
the times," and will their guns ever ready 
for service when necessity demands their 
use, but are avoiding the necessity by wis 
'lom, prudence and good legislation. Let 
us tell you of one single effort that will 
serve to justify the call for applause. 

For sometime organized labor of Tenm 
see have been devoting a great amount of 
energy and some money to effect legisla- 
tion favorable to our cause with a few 
signal successes to reward our efforts. But 
the last movement was devoted to the small- 
est subject, physically, but the greatest 
subject from a moral, social and intellectual 
standpoint that any body of thoughtful, 
Christian people could stand sponsor for. 
That of the child and female labor question. 
During the last session of our State Legis- 
lature, organized labor was, of course, op- 
posed by the Manufacturers' Association. 
In their effort to effect laws restricting the 
hours of labor and condition surrounding 
the child and female wage-earners. 
Through the efforts of a few humanely dis- 
posed law-makers, the elements were brought 
together in conference and mutually agreed 
on a compromise bill, which was enacted, 
reducing the hours of labor from sun to sun, 
as they formerly toiled, to sixty-two hours 
per week. The same report carried with it 
a provision that the Governor should call a 
conference of the manufacturers, labor rep- 
resentatives and humane societies. In ac- 
cordance with this provision, Governor Mal- 
colm B. Batterson issued the call, naming 
Nashville, Tenn., as the place, and October 
14, 1907, the date. In response, there was 
present one hundred and fifty delegates 
representing the manufacturers of Tennes- 
see, labor organizations of Tennessee, Ala- 
bama, Georgia, Texas, North Carolina, 
Louisiana and Missouri, and the humane 
and philanthropic societies of many States. 
The conference effected a permanent organ- 
ization, with Col. L. D. Tyson, manufacturer 
of Knoxville, Tenn., as chairman, and 
Brother Dan Wolf, of the International 


Typographical Union of Memphis, as sec- 
retary. It was apparent that no organiza- 
tion would be effected, because of the great 
difference numerically, thus subjecting the 
manufacturers to the will of the labor rep- 
resentatives. A solution was readily 
reached and the manufacturers greatly sur- 
prised by the announcement from organ- 
ized labor that we desired no advantage 
whatever, our men would meet them man for 
man in the committee room, and concede an 
equal voting strength on all questions of 

Committee on resolutions, consisting of 
eight from the manufacturers, six from or- 
ganized labor and four from the humane 
and philanthropic societies reported the fol- 
lowing : 

1. That the general age limit in manufac- 
turing or mercantile employment and street 
trade be fixed at 14 years. 

2. That those southern states that have not 
adopted a sixty-hour per week schedule should 
adopt same at once for all employers of women 
and children under 18 years of age, except 
those engaged in agricultural pursuits and do- 
mestic service, and adopt as soon as possible 
thereafter as is practical a fifty-eight hour 
schedule. Provided that nothing herein con- 
tained shall be construed as a recommendation 
to lengthen the hours per day in cases of 
states that have already adopted laws pro- 
viding shorter hours of work. 

3. That no child under 16 years of age be 
allowed to work in any manufacturing or mer- 
cantile establishment or in the street trade be- 
tween the hours of 7 p. m. and 6 a. m. 

4. That the keynote to the solution of the 
child-labor problem is compulsory education, 
and that each state should pass stringent laws 
requiring all children between 7 and 15 years 
of age to attend school at least sixteen con- 
secutive weeks each year, unless they have 
completed the highest grades taught in their 
school districts, and that the state furnish all 
school hooks to children attending public 
schools free of charge. 

5. "That all able-bodied men who have no. 
visible means of support, who shall live in 
idleness upon the wages or earnings of their 
mother, wife or minor children, except male 
children over 18 years of age, shall be deemed 
vagrants, and shall be punishable under laws 
relating to vagrancy. 

6. That uniform laws on birth registration 
is recommended for all states. 

7. That no female under 17 and no male 
under 19 years of age be allowed to marry, 
and that oaths to this effect be required be- 
fore issuing license. 

8. We recommend the enactment by the 
various states of such laws as shall make it 
possible to definitely and positively establish 
the age of every child employed in a manufae- 


Stye (Bixvptnttv 

tory or in other establishments, and suitable 
penalties for Uie violation of same. 


9. That the sbop and factory laws of the 
various southern states be extended and ampli- 
fied in keeping with our industrial progress 
and advancing civilization, and that sufficient 
appropriations be made to provide for a force 
of inspection officers who will fully cover the 
ground and who will prudently and firmly en- 
force all laws pertaining to the welfare and 
protection of those employed in the mines, 
shops, factories and manufacturing establish- 

10. That we recommend to all the states 
where women and children are employed that 
women inspectors should also be appointed. 

11. That labor agents from other states be 
required to pay a license of $1,000. 

12. We favor the enactment of laws pro- 
viding for the proper sanitation, ventilation 
and lighting of all manufacturing, mechanical 
and mercantile establishments and workshops ; 
for the erection of adequate fire escapes and 
other means of egress in case of fire or other 
disaster ; the installation of proper and 
adequate appliances for protection against dan- 
gerous machinery, beltings, hatchways, eleva- 
tors and stairways ; the screening of all stair- 
ways used by female help and separate toilet, 
dressing and wash rooms for members of the 
opposite sexes ; the furnishing of blowers or 
fans to carry off dust or smoke in all cases 
where such dust or smoke may be injurious 
to the health of the employes ; and the instal- 
lation of a sufficient number of seats for 
women and children to be used by them at 
such times when they are not actually en- 
gaged in the performance of the work at 
which they are employed. 

We are pleased to state, that on questions 
of adoption, the "House Kule" was not 
called for by either side, but instead, the 
report was unanimously adopted. This 
abundantly proves the harmony that pre- 
vailed, evidencing the great success of the 
first conference of this character ever at- 
tempted by organized labor, which ad- 
journed sine die, October 15th, to reconvene 
in the fall of the year 1910, at such place 
as the Governor may designate. 

We wish to say on behalf of the man- 
ufactors of Tennessee, that the interest, 
thought and heartiness with which they 
entered into the conference, and the many 
good and practical resolutions offered by 
their representatives, proves they are 
students of the conditions which exist in 
such institutions, and the same does not 
exist wholly as a matter of choice or selfish 
motives, but instead, from competitive busi- 
ness necessity. 

(Ultr (Earjirutrr 

Brothers, the foregoing is an important 
j i in the history of organi ed labor, and 

- . lieve ii the firsl case on r ird where 

two great forces, who foi peat pa 
ii arrayed in deadly i onflict, were, 

through the offices of the "G I V.ngel of 

Pi ace, ' ' the humane societies, broughl to 

gether on mutual i,n- is for the purj 

of couiii'ilinu' 111411 ii.r. devising ways and 
recommending Uie enactmenl oJ laws which 
will control the conditions for which we 
have (limited years of hard lalinr 'mil fought 

many a hard battle. It proves beyond any 
question of doubt that organized labor, 
when judiciously represented with justice and 
equity as s basis of contention, can bring 
together the two great factors of the in- 
dustrial world and effect laws and regula- 
tions promoting the social, moral, physical 
and intellectual characteristics of our great 
American people. With these qualities 
promoted to an ultimate success, shorter 
hours, greater compensation for services 
rendered, and a higher state of civilization 
will prevail throughout our great industrial 

Now, my good brothers of the Southland, 
"get busy." Get after your state legisla- 
tor. Enact similar laws and enforce them, 
and when in hailing distance of us, we will 
set the pace for you again. Hope this claim 
for space in our most excellent journal will 
not result in a wasted effort, I am, 
Fraternally yours, 

Delegate to Textile Conference. 
Member of L. U. 219, IX. B. C. & J. 

Labor Can Expect Nothing at the Hands 
of Capital. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

I see a great deal in our official journal, 
The Carpenter, about the attitude of and 
the relations between capital and labor and 
while my humble pen is very limited, I will 
venture to give my views on the subject. 
In the first place let me ask, Brother Editor, 
can any man in the course of his natural 
life by strictly honest methods become a 
millionaire? I doubt it, and this upon 
reasonable grounds. Let me further ask, 
can labor expect anything at the hands of 
capital? Again I say, No! And as to 
unionism, and while I am a union man my- 

self, 1 am of the opinion that it will never 

11I i' I In' lalinr I'lnlili'in altugi.'lliiT; that it 
dm' iln si 1 In a drgri'p I readily admit. 

Onlj when the wage laboring class as an 
independent politcial body forces the legis- 
lator to undertake a revision of our high 

I a riff, and only wlnn lalmr has become an 

independent political factor and will see to 
it that laws are enacted against discrimina- 
tion, then and then only will there come 
permanent relief from capitalistic greed 
and oppression. And let me tell you, the 
time is coming when labor will no longer 
be oppressed; it may not be in our time 
but it will surely come. 

Richmond, Mo., our locality, is a mining 
town of about 4,000 population. Our Local 
Union is but small, we have about 20 mem- 
bers; and while for the most part, peace 
and harmony reigns between our men and 
the employers, we nevertheless keenly feel 
our portion of capitalistic oppression. 

May the day speedily come when tyranny 
may cease to be in the ascendency and may 
unions multiply a hundred per cent. 
Fraternally yours, 
S. A. MADOX, R. S. L. U. 1821. 

Eichmond, Mo. 

The Situation in Seattle. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

We have at last a real fight on our hands 
in this neck of the woods. The master 
builders and the building trades of Seattle 
have a written agreement as to wages and 
hours and general conditions, that has been 
very satisfactory for the past year. But 
since the financial flurry a Builders' Ex- 
change has been formed here, composed of 
master builders, material men, architects, 
etc., a body which has made itself promi- 
nent through the press as to their inten- 
tions to down labor organizations. Taking 
advantage of the weather and abnormal 
financial conditions, they have succeeded 
in disrupting, to a certain extent, the sat- 
isfactory business conditions that have 
prevailed here for the past year. 

The weather here is very bad at this time 
of the year; it is raining, continuously. As 
to trade conditions, there is but little new 
work in progress, and we only have "Chris- 
tian Science" money out here. 

We are informed that this Builders' Ex- 


change people are advertising throughout 
the East for 5,000 building trade mechan- 
ics to come to Seattle, where there is 
plenty to do. This is a barefaced lie. 

The exchange people have scarcely any 
work to offer at all; the work in progress 
here at present is controlled by friends of 
the unions, and the unions are a long ways 
from being disrupted. 

The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition has 
been placed on the "unfair list" by our 
carpenters of L. U. 131, the Building 
Trades Assembly, the Central Labor Coun- 
cil of Seattle and the State Federation of 
Washington for violating our trade rules 
in cutting wages $1.40 per day and employ- 
ing non-union men. They are telling us 
that they did not ' ' give a damn ' ' for the 

We have been very cautious in this mat- 
ter; we have complied with all our laws 
bearing on such cases and given the fair 
trustees every opportunity to square them- 
selves, but they would not do so. 

The fair trustees have not the money at 
hand to carry on the work and are appar- 
ently well pleased with our action, as it 
gives them an excuse to postpone the ex- 

We believe that with the assistance of 
the A. F. of L. and the various national 
and international unions we can defeat the 
fair trustees in their efforts to disrupt or- 
ganized labor in this part of the world. 

The A. F. of L. can defeat any govern- 
ment appropriations and the unions and 
state federations can defeat state appro- 
priations for the A.-T.-P. Exposition. 
Thereby we can frustrate the dastardly 
scheme of the fair people. And it will 
be the biggest feather in the cap of union 
labor, for if we can make the fair "fair," 
which is all we desire, the "open shop" 
cry will die out. 

It is seriously to be hoped that mechan- 
ics in the East will pay no attention to 
the luring advertisements of the Seattle 
Builders' Exchange and our Local Unions 
should do all in their power to diseourage 
anyone from coming here, as it is posi- 
tively criminal to bring, or cause to be 
brought, men out here at present. At all 
events, there is no work, no money and no 
welcome for the non-union man. 

Seattle, like other cities, is flooded with 

Sty? (Unvpmttv 

men of all kinds, description and condi- 
tions. The mills of the state have closed 
down and put 190,000 men out of work, 
Alaska has furnished 150,000 more, the ad- 
vertising of the commercial bodies of Seat- 
tle has induced great numbers of others to 
come here, and as a result the labor market 
is glutted with unemployed. Bunk houses 
are the talk of the streets. The bread line 
is growing and the suffering cannot be 
alleviated by the charity associations. 
Brothers everywhere, and all others, should 
give the Pacific coast a close scrutiny and 
the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition the 
go-by until further notice. 
Fraternally yours, 

Seattle, Wash. Bus. Agent L. U. 131. 

From Sheffield, Ala. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

Having for a long time seen very little 
in our journal from Sheffield, Ala., allow 
me to say at this time that we have a 
Local Union here composed of men of stal- 
wart nerves and steel down their backs 
who are insisting upon their rights, and 
no more and no less. We have pulled over 
the rough sea for months and are still 
bending to the oar, and unless it breaks 
we shall land on the shore of success. 
Justice must overawe evil, and justice is 
all we are asking for. 

Wages here are very low, which is part- 
ly due to the fact that the carpenter as a 
mechanic is little appreciated, partly be- 
cause the standard of living of the work- 
ing people in this section of the country 
is extremely low. The business people do 
not take into consideration that it takes 
years for the carpenter to learn his trade 
and to become an efficient mechanic. Nor 
do they consider that to follow his trade 
the carpenter needs a kit of tools ' at a 
cost of about $75, and that he has to keep 
on buying new tools from year to year, 
which also cost money. Nor do they con- 
sider that he has to . lose considerable of 
time on account of bad weather and wait- 
ing for material. 

As the laboring people here in their fru- 
gality and poverty generally work for 
small wages, and as low wages in one trade 
has a tendency of keeping wages down in 

GJljr (Earpmtrr 

another, there is little shov, Eoi a cnrpenlei 
gel d decenl remum ral ion i or his serv- 

Why, nnt only have I heard men here 

aay thai : penter oughl to make money 

:it $2 .-i day, bul I have been told by labor- 
ing men that they could make money al 
-' iH < il:iy. while others asserted that 
thej could make a good living for a fam- 
ily of six at $1 a day. You would cer- 
tainly say that even inmates of*a lunatic 
asylum have more common sense than the 
men who entertain such ideas, but these 
are the kind of men we have to contend 
with, and it is hard to bring them to their 
senses. It is harder still to get them to 
make an effort for a betterment of condi- 
tions so they conld give a better education 
to their children and live in their own 

I could write a volume on the need of 
education and the necessity of enlighten- 
ment among our working population, but 
as dependency and oppression have kept 
myself out of school, I can not write as I 
wish to. If I had the talent as I have 
the will I would devote a good deal of 
my time to going among the working peo- 
ple here preaching to them the gospel of 
unionism and tell them that they must 
organize and strive for better conditions 
for their children if not for themselves. 
Indeed, it is time for the working people 
to realize that they must not depend on 
lawyers to make the laws of the land. The 
working people themselves must see to 
that; they alone know, or ought to know, 
where the shoe pinches them. 

Would tile working people understand 
their own interests they would take a hand 
in framing our laws, and confidence and 
prosperity would prevail all over the coun- 

C4od made the world for all, yet a few 
are hedging it in with themselves on the 
inside and the many on the outside. If 
the men and women of any trade or avoca- 
tion would stand by each other and de- 
mand their rights they would soon have 
the eight-hour day, the Saturday half holi- 
day, better wages, less hardship, less pov- 
erty, and peace and happiness would be 
with us all. Fraternally yours, 

A. E. DUNKIRK, L. U. 1007. 

Sheffield. Ala. 

Eight Hours the Paramount Issue. 
Editor The Carpenter: 

Please publish the inclosed resolution, 
now being sent, out by the Eight-Hour 
beague of America to till labor and other 
organizations throughout the country. It 

was unanin sly adopted by the Central 

Federated Union of New York City a 
month ago and so recorded by the press. 

While organization is the first step to- 
wards i hi' advancement of labor's inter- 
ests, il must be supplemented by action 
looking to placing in public position those 
who favor organized labor and what it is 
seeking to accomplish. The Eight-Hour 
League of America recognizes that and is 
voicing the one demand the American peo- 
ple are perfectly a unit upon. 

Unless we are shrewd enough to take 
advantage of our political opportunities to 
forward the cause of labor, we merely 
play into the hands of those who are using 
every means and methods to thwart the 
desire of the people for industrial as well 
as political freedom. 


Resolved. That we approve of the purpose of 
the Eight-Hour League of America to make 
the demand for the universal eight-hour work 
day. the paramount issue of the next presi- 
dential campaign ; and, further 

Resolved. That if we are to have industrial 
peace in the nation, the time has arrived to 
recognize the national organizations of lahor 
ns the proper authority to regulate the hours, 
wages and working conditions of their con- 

Fraternally yours, 


New York City. 

Extinguishing Small Fires. 

There never yet was a fire that might not 
have been extinguished by a single pail of 
water if taken in time. Too often, how- 
ever, the small quantity of water at com- 
mand is wasted by beiDg thrown out all at 
once, oftentimes missing the mark owing to 
excitement. The proper way is to throw it 
rapidly on in repeated small quantities, and 
for this purpose a tin dipper with a long 
handle is a very good utensil. Better still 
is one of the small hand pumps which are 
made so that they can be attached to a 
pail. The other pails can be used to keep 
the working pail full. — Woodworkers ' Re- 


Wallingford, Conn. — Our Local Union 
1626 is getting along nicely. We are meet- 
ing with success in most all our undertak- 
ings, and every carpenter here is enrolled 
on our books. 

<$> <$. .♦. 

New York City.— The mill of E. Baily & 
Sons of Patchoque, L. I., is unfair and 
has been so listed by the D. C. of this city. 
Brothers all over the country will please 
be governed accordingly. 

^ *J* *$* 
Bergen County, N. J.— Trade is poor, 
work very scarce in this vicinity and large 
numbers of carpenters walking the streets 
in vain search for employment. All trav- 
eling brothers are advised to keep away. 

♦ ♦ ♦> 

Dallas, Tex. — Work being very dull in 
this section and lots of our men being idle 
without any chance of securing employment 
for weeks to come, we would advise traveling 
brothers to avoid this vicinity until further 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Tulsa, Okla. — Fortunately we have al- 
ways been able to put all brothers to work 
who came to our city in the past; this is 
not so, however, at present. Trade is very 
dull here now and we trust that traveling 
carpenters will stay away pending an im- . 
provement of conditions and until further 

♦ *> ♦ 

Enid, Okla. — Work here is very scarce, 
half of our membership has left the city and 
most all who remained are walking the 
streets. Traveling brothers are warned not 
to take heed of advertisements in the news- 
papers for carpenters wanted in Enid ; they 
emanate from parties who are trying to 
boom a dead town. Keep away. Any car- 
penter coming here at this time is sure to 
become stranded. 

Atlantic City, N. J.— All carpenters are 
warned to keep away from this city. Trade 
is very slack and numbers of resident 
brothers are idle. There is no show what- 
ever for any newcomer at this time, and 
until trade conditions .have improved, 
which is not to be expected until the spring 
season opens up. 

♦j, * * 

Cheboygan, Mich. — Eeconsidering our 
decision regarding a trade movement con- 
templated for next spring, L. U. 1095 has 
decided to refrain from making any de- 
mand this year in view of the scarcity of 
work and unfavorable conditions generally. 
We think we will have a better chance 
next year. 

.j. . .♦. .;. 

Macon, Ga. — Trade is so dull here that 
a number of our men have been thrown 
out of employment, and those still at work 
are working short time. Traveling broth- 
ers can readily see that under present cir- 
cumstances they are not likely to secure 
a job here, and we would earnestly advise 
them to steer clear of this city and vicinity 
at least until spring trade opens up. 

♦ ♦> <* 

Greensburg and Mt. Pleasant, N. Y. — 
Trade conditions in this district, which also 
embraces Tarrytown, Irvington, Dobbs 
Perry and Hastings-on-Hudson, are very 
unsatisfactory at this time and undoubted- 
ly will remain so all through the winter 
season. Many of our home brothers are 
walking the streets. Traveling carpenters 
are advised to stay away. 
♦J* ♦ ♦ 

Bloomington, Ind. — Considering the hard 
times we are experiencing for the last two 
months, our Local Union is holding up 
well. Work is very scarce and trade ex- 
ceedingly dull. It is useless and a waste 
of money to come here in search of em- 
ployment, for there is none to be had. Mi- 

(Hijf (Earpntter 

gratis i rothera are advised to steer clear 
of this ci1 y Eor i he nexl few months. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Pine Bluff, Ark. — We desire to notifj 
transient brothers, through the medium of 
our journal, that work is very slack ami 
scarce in this city, and as we are about 
Bqually divided in union and non-union, 
we are having a hard time trying to hold 
our own. We hope by spring to have every- 
thing in l! I shape, when we will wel- 

m- any brother coining here who can 

command our scale. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 
Burlington, Vt. — Building operations in 

this place are at a complete standstill. 
There is an unprecedented scarcity of work 
in our line in general and poor prospect 
for a revival of trade in the spring. Mi- 
grating brothers should place no credence 
in advertisements stating that carpenters 
are wanted here. Mostly all of our mem- 
bers are walking the streets for want of a 
job. Remain away! 

♦ ♦ * . 

Atlanta, Ga. — Trade conditions are very 
discouraging here, and from all appear- 
ances will remain so until spring trade 
opens up. We have carpenters working at 
common labor, carrying brick, and glad to 
do so to enable them to make both ends 
meet. Traveling brothers will readily see 
that this city is a good place to stay away 
from at this time until conditions have im- 

Denver, Colo. — Migrating brothers will 
please take notice that trade is very dull 
in this city at present and the outlook 
rather gloomy for the near future. We 
have a great many of our resident broth- 
ers walking the streets and many brothers 
from surrounding towns and cities are com- 
ing in daily, only to swell the number of 
unemployed and aggravating the situation. 
There is no opening here whatever at this 
time; keep away until further notice. 

-> ♦ ♦ 
St. Joseph, Mo. — We are having serious 
difficulty concerning a $100,000 store build- 
ing under course of erection here. The 
contract calls for union labor, but the gen- 
eral contractor sub-let the carpenter work 

to a Contractor who has antagonized and 
has been fighting our Local Union for the 
pasl 1 h roe years and employs non-union 
men. The bricklayers and iron workers 
have struck the job in sympathy with us, 
and if wo can force tho sub-contractor to 
observe the provisions of the general con- 
tract we will have the situation well in 
hand. Traveling brothers will please shun 
lliis city for the present. 
.;. .j. * 

McKeesport, I ' : i . — 1 1 is extensively ad- 
vertised by the Chamber of Commerce of 
this city and by the press throughout the 
country, that work was plentiful in and 
around McKeesport, thereby encouraging 
unsuspecting people to flock to this city, 
thereby demoralizing the building trade. 
The facts are, that there is practically 
nothing doing in the building line and no 
carpenters needed. Nearly all our mem- 
bers here are walking the streets or en- 
gaged in some other line of work, and any 
newcomer is sure to get stranded. Travel- 
ing brothers are advised to take heed of 
this warning and keep away from McKees- 
port, Pa. 

•J* .;. <$> 

\\ hite Plains, N. Y. — Circumstances com- 
pel us to ask migrating brothers to avoid 
this city and vicinity until further notice. 
Trade is dull at this time and we have 
demands before the Boss' Association 
which we think are just, and if we can 
keep outsiders away the chances are that 
our demands will be granted without any 
trouble. We have a good many members 
out of work now and there is no prospect 
for business opening up before April. 
Some good jobs have shut down because 
of lack of money and some are being held 
up for the same cause. We have a well- 
organized town now and have not had 
much trouble with the bosses for two or 
three years, and are not looking for any. 

*> ♦ ♦ 
Cheyenne, Wyo. — This has been a busy 
place for carpenters during the year past. 
At this time, however, owing to difficulties 
we had with some of our local contractors, 
and owing to a serious falling off in build- 
ing enterprises, trade is exceedingly dull. 
We have been fighting an uphill fight for 
a long time, the non-union element being 


a great obstacle in our movements. But 
notwithstanding the dull times and other 
adversities, we are still adding new mem- 
bers to our organization, and as there will 
be a great deal of government work going 
on here next summer, we feel confident 
that we will rout out the scabs or make 
them union and have a chance to more sol- 
idly build up our union if traveling broth- 
ers will remain away for the next few 
months. Let them give Cheyenne, Wyo., 
a wide berth until further notice. 

&■ A ^ 

Wallace, Idaho. — Everything went on 
smoothly here until December 21, on which 
day the firm of Olsen & Johnson paid off 
their men, at the same time informing 
them that they could come back on Mon- 
day morning if they would be willing to 
work for reduced wages. Another con- 
tractor, Charles Freedner, presented his 
men with the same ultimatum. Thereupon 
L. U. 220 held a meeting and decided not 
to countenance any cut in wages. A com- 
mittee was appointed to wait on the eon- 
tractors and they succeeded in persuading 
Freedner to take his men back at the old 
scale, while Olsen & Johnson still remained 
obdurate and threatened to send to out- 
lying districts for men. We have notified 
our sister Local Unions in surrounding 
cities and towns of the trouble here, for 
as long as outsiders will keep away from 
this city and vicinity while the trouble is 
pending, we feel that we can cope with 
the situation, though work is almost at a 
standstill. There is no prospect for work 
during the winter months and transient 
carpenters are advised to give Wallace, 
Idaho, a wide berth for the next few 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Jacksonville, Fla. — Of a membership of 
about four hundred we have at this time 
nearly 175 members out of work, for the 
reason that the Northern mechanic, has 
landed and are on us in ever-increasing 
numbers. Scarcely any of them are pro- 
vided with means of support to last them 
more than a few days, or a week or two 
at most. The result is that the Builders' 
Exchange, which we have been fighting for 
two and a half years, can get men to work 
for wages far below our scale. The situa- 

tion is practically the same all through the 
entire South, and in order to maintain the 
integrity of our U. B. in that part of the 
country it is absolutely necessary that the 
Local Unions keep their men away from 
the South this winter. Wo trust that they 
will take this matter into serious consid- 
eration. Let their slogan be: Keep away 
from the South. 

*$* *$* *$* 

Biddeford, Me. — The members of L. U. 
890 wish to warn all -union carpenters and 
others to stay away from Old Orchard, Me., 
until work is more plentiful and trade con- 
ditions have improved in that locality. A 
great many men, union and non-union, have 
come to Old Orchard, on the strength of 
luring advertisements, to obtain work. This 
inhux of needy men has caused contractors 
to cut down wages on nearly all the jobs, 
and as a result wages here are now the 
lowest of any place of any importance in 
the state of Maine. The minimum scale in 
this locality is $2.00 per day, which we have 
voted to raise to $2.25 in the spring, but if 
this influx of idle carpenters, and non-union 
at that, continues it will be difficult to se- 
cure even that small increase. Therefore, 
we ask all sister local unions to co-operate 
with us and assist us by keeping out-of- 
town brothers away until there is something 
worth coming here for. 

Berlin, Ont., Can. — We recently had the 
pleasure of a visit from Brother Tweed, 
the general organizer. Addressing our 
meeting, he gave us a splendid lecture, 
urging us to never relent in our efforts to 
build up a strong local organization and 
at every opportunity to approach non- 
union men, get them to join our. fold and 
assist in our efforts to better the condition 
of the craft inside and outside of the mills. 
He depicted the condition of our province 
in true colors, strongly pointing, out the 
necessity of electing independent men, men 
of our own class, men who have our inter- 
ests at heart, to Parliament. Brother 
Tweed's visit was greatly appreciated by 
our membership, and we hope to see him 
call on us again. Our Local Union is hold- 
ing its own even at this time of the year. 
Our millmen, however, are getting some- 
what discouraged on account of present un- 

ulljr (Earjwttter 

satisfactory conditions in tho mills. i)nr 
energies will be bent in thai direction as 
soon as i be « inter is o\ i r. 

.;. .;. .;. 

\\ allace, Idaho. The difficulty bel wet n 
I,. I'. 220 and the Arm of Olscn & John- 
son of this city has been adjusted for the 
present at least and the men .-ill went back 
to work at the old BcaJe. At tbia'writing, 
however, there is very little doing and hard- 

Ij any men working in tl ity; hence our 

notice |ire\ionsl\ sent advising traveling 
brothers to remain away, still holrls good 
and should not i verlooked. 

♦ * ♦ 

Berkeley, Cal. — As the brothers are 
aware, Los Angeles, Cal., is the pride of 
the Citizens' Alliance and by them pointed 
to as the plaee where mechanics may earn 
their living free from the dictations of 
labor unions. The following item, clipped 
from the San Francisco Chronicle, which 
is a stanch friend of the alliance, and a 
pronounced enemy of unionism, may be of 
interest to the readers of The Carpenter: 
"Special Dispatch to the Chronicle. 

"Los Angeles, January 2.- — While the 
resources of every charitable organization 
in the city are taxed to the limit in caring 
for the destitute families of unemployed 
white laborers; with soup kitchens estab- 
lished by the Salvation Army to feed able- 
bodied white men reduced to want through 
enforced idleness; with the railroads repa- 
triating hundreds of starving Mexicans, 
who in the fortnight since construction 
work wag stopped by the utility corpora- 
tions have become public charges, an 
anomalous social and industrial condition 
is presented in the fact that practically 
every Japanese resident of the city is em- 
ployed and apparently prospering. 

"Less than a year ago there was a large 
influx of Japanese to this city and con- 
tiguous points. They went to work as 
coolies, but the central Japanese organiza- 
tion in San Francisco obtained control of 
the orchards and agricultural lands, by 
lease or otherwise, and the brown men 
quickly supplanted all other labor. They 
now control the situation. ' ' 

*$* *S* *** 
Seattle. Wash. — The following clipping 
from one of the evening papers of this 

citj is self-explanatory and shows what 

u e arc up against : 

"In open . It-ri: I' I lie established 

principles of the labor unions anil tho pres- 
ent relation of employer ami employe, tho 
Builders' Exchange last night came out 
Bat footedly for open shop till over tho 

"An official declaration of principles 
was adopted, maintaining that the con- 
tractor should employ whom he pleased, 
pay what he wanted to, discharge whom 
he wanted to, and conduct his business 
without recognizing or having any deal- 
ings with the labor unions. 

"The open shop order applies to all 
classes of building, and includes the work 
of building contractors, fire-proofing com- 
panies, electrical companies, sheet metal 
and ornamental iron concerns, plumbing 
and heating firms, plastering companies, 
painting firms and cement handlers. 

"That work will immediately be tied up 
by the refusal of union men to work be- 
side non-union is not admitted by the 
builders, who will establish an open shop 
labor bureau for the purpose of finding 
men and supplying them with work. 

"Contractors who are at present en- 
gaged in work with only union help will 
be allowed to finish the work already be- 
gun without breaking their agreements 
with the men employed, but all new work 
is to be taken on the open shop principle. 

"There are about 150 members of the 
Building Exchange. Of these some fifty 
w-ere present last night and voted unani- 
mously, it was said this morning, for the 
adoption of the declaration of principles 
upon which a committee had been working 
for the past week." 

Ways and means are now being devised 
by the building trades to give the master 
builders a "run for their money," and 
what we will do to them will be plenty. 
All brother carpenters, and building trades 
mechanics in general, will please take due 
notice of the situation here, so they will 
not be imposed upon by Seattle liars. 


Beware of W. M. Rice 

St. Louis, Mo. — Brothers everywhere are 
warned against one W. M. Bice, formerly 
a member of L. U. 578 of this city. He 


is 5 feet 10 inches in height, aboui 29 years 
old, dark brown hair and brown eyes, with 
an oriental expression; weight, about 165 
pounds; habitually wears a soft hat; very 
peculiar expression on his face and talks 
very low. He has a fondness, or mania, 
for borrowing tools, money, etc., and will 
not return anything. He is considered a 
tool thief and. as crooked as they make 
them. He can give you a hard luck story 
in good style. He claims to be also a 
locomotive fireman. We believe he left 
St. Louis and went to St. Joseph, Mo. Be- 
ware of him! 

Information Wanted. 

Robert W. Garter, a brother carpenter 
who joined L. U. 203, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 
March 26, 1907, is missing since the last 
of September. A few months later he pro- 
cured a clearance card and went to Chi- 
cago, 111., placing his card presumably in 
L. U. 62 of that city. The last of Septem- 
ber he started for California, not feeling 
well at the time, and has not been heard 
from since. He is 5 feet 8 inches in 
height, weight about 150 pounds, gray 
eyes, heavy, dark mustache, 47 years of 
age. When last seen he wore a dark suit, 
light overcoat and black Derby hat. His 
wife, his only sister and his son are greatly ■ 
worried over his disappearance. Anyone 
who can locate Brother Carter will convey 
a great favor upon the latter by imme- 
diately communicating with 

F. S. FBEEB, B. S. L. U. 203. 

43 Noxon St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

John N. Horn, a carpenter by trade, and 
presumably a member of the U. B., is again 
inquired for by his wife, Mrs. Susie Horn. 
He left his family in Louisville over three 
years ago and passed that city last March 
without interesting himself in his wife and 
two children. Anyone who can locate him 
will please communicate with 

1355 Mellwood Ave., Louisville, Ky. 

height, 37 years of age, black hair, gray 
eyes, eyebrows very heavy and black, face 
rather full, fair and ruddy, has small, thin 
black spot on lower lip; also scar between 
lips and chin. Went to Seattle, Wash., 
when he left Worcester. Anyone knowing 
his address, or anyone who can locate him, 
will convey a great favor by writing to 
General Delivery, Providence, B. I. 

J. A. King, painter by trade and former- 
ly secretary of the Building Trades Council 
of Aberdeen, Wash., is wanted for embezzle- 
ment of money belonging to that body. 
Height about 5 feet 6 inches, weight about 
170 pounds; age, thirty-five; looks older; 
gray hair, slightly bald; gold filling in out- 
side of two upper center teeth; smooth 
shaven when he left; has slight squint in 
the left eye. Notify 

Sheriff of Chehalis County. 

Aberdeen, Wash. 

Daniel B. Clancey, who left Worcester, 

Mass., last March, and was a member of a 

Local Union of that city, is inquired for 

by his wife. He is 5 feet 9 inches in 


Setting Planer Knives. 

On this subject Wm. Schussler writes in 
the Woodworkers ' Beview : 

I have troubles, as all the rest of the 
machine men in the country. Now, what I 
would like to see discussed by your readers 
are some of the following points: 

Why does the grain raise in dressing? I 
worked a good deal of cypress and I was 
bothered a lot. Of course, this is an old 
chestnut, but I don't know if it ever was 
cracked and the real meat of proper knowl- 
edge taken out. 

A curious thing is that one may feed a 
board against the grain and a smooth sur- 
face is obtained; then take another board 
turned with the grain and you will not get 
it, although the knives, etc., are all the same. 

Is there any rule to follow so that the 
planer knives will be set to cut exactly 
alike. Now, boys, don't flood the editor 
with answers about this. He might be too 
overjoyed in learning there are so many 
that have solved the riddle of the universe 
of the mill men. 

Now, how many knives is it best to use 
on a planer, two or four? 

These few problems are some knotty 
stock, and who can run them through the 

Movements for Better Conditions. 

Local Union 838, Sunbury, Pa.- -Our re- 
vised trade rules, which are lo l> >me op- 
erative ik'n t spring, call for a LO per cent, 
increase in our present wages of $2.25 per 

day for nine I rs ' work, I ime and a half 

for overtime and double time for work on 
Sundays and holiday s. 

.;. .;. .j. 

Local Unions 49 and 1610, Lowell, Mass. 
— At a joint meeting of both Local Unions 
it was voted that we demand Mi cents an 
lionr and a Saturday half holiday during 
six months of the year. Our present wages 
are $2.80 per day and working hours eight 
per day, or forty-eight per week. 
*J* *$* *$* 

Local Union 1813, Tell City, Ind.— We 
are just about one year old. having organ- 
ized last February. At that time carpen- 
ters were receiving $8.50 and $9.00 per 
weeh for nine hours' work. Since April 1, 
1907, we are receiving $2.25 per day for 
ten hours. Now we have decided to de- 
mand the nine-hour day and we are san- 
guine of success. 

♦ ♦> ♦ 

I 'I nix, B. C, Can. — The trouble having 

arisen in our camp early in December last 
through the mine owners deciding to reduce 
wages without consulting us and entirely 
ignoring its and the agreement we had with 
them has been settled. The mine owners 
have recognized our union which brought 
about an adjustment of all differences. 

A if? *J* 

Local Union 71, Port Smith, Ark. — By an 
almost unanimous vote we have passed a 
resolution to the effect that on and after 
April 1, 1903, the members of L. U. 71 de- 
mand 45 cents an hour for eight hours' 
work. We think that we will have little 
trouble in getting our demand conceded, 
yet we would request traveling brothers to 
stay away from the city pending this move- 
ment; it will certainly help us to success. 
*> ♦ ♦ 

District Council, Wyoming Valley, Pa. — 
Our present minimum scale of wages of 

$2. (in per day of eight hours 1 1 :> \ Lng become 

entirely inndeipinlr to 1 1 1 • •■ - 1 I he increased 
price of living expenses, we have decided 
to make a demand upon the colli met ors for 

an advai f _'-j cents per hour, or a min- 
imum rate of $3,110 per day. L'rospecls I'm 
winning our demand are good and in our 
opinion there is no likelihood of a strike. 
*> *J- *!♦ 
Local Onion 947, Eidgeway, Pa. — We 
have voted to raise our minimum scale 
from 30 5-9 cents per hour for nine hours 
to 35 cents per hour, working hours to re- 
main nine per day. Trade conditions are 
fair and we do not anticipate any trouble 
in getting the raise. We have 99 per cent, 
of all outside carpenters in the union and 
every contractor in town is running a union 

♦ •> ♦ 

District Council, Macon, Ga. — As per 
standing agreement, we notified the con- 
tractors several weeks ago that on March 
1 we would expect nine hours to constitute 
a day's work and $2.50 per day be our 
minimum rate. We do not anticipate much 
contention or opposition, though at pres- 
ent work is rather dull and the outlook is 
a late opening of the spring season. 
.♦. .♦. .j. 

District Council, Boston, Mass. — At a 
mass meeting of Local Unions of this city, 
held on December 12, it was decided that 
we demand an increase in wages from 43% 
cents per hour to 50 cents per hour and 
the Saturday half holiday all through the 
year. Our present agreement operates 
only with twenty-one builders and an- 
other strong organization of builders has 
been formed which will back up our propo- 

♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Local Union 605, Portsmouth, Va. — 
Without a dissenting voice this L. U. has 
voted that we raise our minimum scale 
from $2.78 to $3.04 per day of eight hours 
and to make a demand upon the contract- 
ors to that effect. Although conditions 
this season are. not as good as last year, 
while the exposition work was going on, 


prospects for getting our demand granted 
without trouble are fair. 

Local Union 999, Mt. Vernon, 111.— After 
due consideration, and by a unanimous 
vote, we have decided that beginning with 
April 1, 190S, we raise our present mini- 
mum rate of wages, 27 7-9 cents per hour 
for nine hours' work, to 35 cents per hour 
for nine hours. Considering the fact that 
in previous movements we have demon- 
strated our ability to enforce our just de- 
mands, we feel that the contractors will 
accede to the advance in wages and that 
we will meet with success in the pending 

♦v ♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ 
v v v 

Local Unions 1090 and 1685, Palatka, 
Fla. — At a recent joint session of both Lo- 
cal Unions it w'as agreed that we make 
an effort to secure the eight-hour workday, 
commencing February 1, 19*08. Most of 
the contractors and all of the journeymen 
carpenters being members of the U. B., we 
feel sure of success. All have agreed to 
the plan. We are now working nine hours 
per day and harmony prevails between men 
and employers- 

*$*■ *$* *$*- 

Local Union 1454, Cuba, 111. — At our last 
meeting, after the second reading, this Lo- 
cal Union unanimously passed the follow- 
ing resolution: "On and after April 1, 
1908, our minimum wage scale shall be 
30 5-9 cents per hour, or $2.75 per day of 
nine hours. This calls for an advance of 
25 cents per day. Trade conditions here 
are better than they were last year, and 
we think that the time is opportune to ask 
for an -increase in wages. There is no like- 
lihood of a clash with the contractors. 
♦ ♦ »> 

Local Union 201, Wichita, Kans. — Being 
desirous of obtaining an advance in wages, 
which we feel we are justly entitled to, 
we have amended the respective clause in 
our by-laws to read: Journeymen carpen- 
ters shall receive $3.50 per day. This 
clause as formerly constructed provided for 
a minimum wage of 37% cents per hour. 
We have notified the contractors of our ac- 
tion. The new scale is to become opera- 
tive on April 1, this year. We are work- 
ing eight hours per day. 

Local Union 1725, Daytona, Fla. — In ac- 
cordance with an amendment to our by- 
laws, adopted as early as last September, 
we are now demanding an increase in our 
wages, the minimum rate for eight hours' 
work to be $2.50 from January 1, 1908, 
and $3.00 on and after July 1, 1908. As 
trade is fair and we have but one non- 
union contractor and only six non-union 
carpenters against ninety-five union men 
in this place, prospects for gaining our de- 
mands are good. 

♦ *5* ♦ 

Local Union 8, Hamilton, Ont., Can. — 
We are engaged in a movement, not for 
higher wages or shorter hours, but for the 
maintenance of our schedule of wages and 
hours. We are at present working eight 
hours per day, receiving 40 cents an hour, 
but have been notified by the master build- 
ers that we had to work nine hours per 
day at a rate of 35 cents an hour next sum- 
mer. We are, of course, not inclined to 
make this step backward and we are deter- 
mined to resist and fight the bosses ' propo- 
sition to the last ditch. 

♦ ♦»♦ ♦ 

Local Union 348, Waterville, Me. — Our 
arbitration committee has met the con- 
tractors and builders and informed them 
that we demand an increase in our present 
minimum rate, which is $2.75 per day, to 
$3.50, to take effect May 1, 1908. Our com- 
mittee failed to learn from the bosses 
whether they would grant our demand or 
not, but we feel that if the union will take 
a bold stand, and we show our determina- 
tion to obtain what we are asking for, that 
they will concede our demand as readily 
as they have previous cases. 

♦ * ♦ 

Local Union 492, Beading, Pa. — We have 
served notice upon the employers that we 
demand an advance in wages of 5 cents 
per hour, making our minimum rate 35 
cents per hour for nine hours ' work, the 
jiew scale to go into effect May 1 this year. 
We are also asking that overtime be paid 
at the rate of 52 cents per hour, 70 cents 
per hour for work on Sundays and legal 
holidays. Our contractors are apparently 
all in favor of the increase, but nothing 
definite will be known until our scale com- 
mittee reports. 

Local Onion 1407, Perry, N. Y.— Until 
now wo have had to work fur the mentor 
wage "i' $2.25 per daj of nine hours, and 

believing thai we are entitled to a re 

equitable remuneration lot- our services, we 
are demanding an advance of 25 cents, a 
minimum rate of $-.50 per day. In all sur- 
rounding towns and cities »the carpenters 
receive better pay than we do. Being so 
very moderate in our demand, we do not 
anticipate any difficulty in getting the em- 
ployers to accede to it. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Local Union 1766, Fostoria, O. — At one 
of our recenl regular meetings a resolution 
prevailed thai we make the following de- 
man. 1 upon the bosses: Our minimum rate 
of wages to be advanced from 28 cents to 
30 cents an hour for nine hours' work per 
day, exeepting laying and surfacing the 
floors, or surfacing of floors already laid, 
which shall be paid at the rate of 40 cents 
an hour. Foremen to receive 35 cents an 
hour. The new scale to take effect April 
1, 190S. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Local Union 1039, Glen Cove, N. Y.— 
Early in July of last year, thus giving 
them nine months' notice, we notified our 
contractors that we demand an advance 
in wages from $3.50 per day to $4.00 per 
day and a Saturday half holiday, meaning 
a reduction of four hours, or forty-four 
hours per week, to take effect on and after 
April 1, 190S. Trade is rather dull at pres- 
ent, but as our busy season always is the 
spring and early summer, we anticipate an 
abundance of work by that time, and we 
believe that prospects are favorable for a 
successful issue of this movement. 

♦ ♦ * 

Local Union 556, Meadville, Pa. — At one 
of its recent meetings this Local Union 
decided to make a demand upon the em- 
ployers for the adoption of the following 
wage scale for the year 1908: Journey- 
men, 35 cents per hour, or $3.15 per day of 
nine hours; foremen, $3.50 per day of nine 
hours; apprentices, $1.50 the first year, 
$2.00 the second and $2.50 the third year; 
eight hours to constitute a day's work on 
Saturday with nine hours' pay. Prospects 
for the coming year are good, and as brick- 

ing era red i \ e 50 cent a an hour and plai 

terera $5,00 per day, and tl arpenters 

being the lowesl paid building mechanics, 

u , feel I hat « e B le en! it led I .. all increase. 

District Council, Oklahoma City, Okla. — 
In pursuance to a resolution passed at a 
special called meeting we have notified the 
master carpenters of Hiis city thai on and 

a tier April 1, 1908, eight hours shall con- 
stitute a day's work; hours to be from 8 
a. m. to 12 noon, and from 1 p. in. to 5 
p. m., except. Saturday, when the hours 
shall bo from 8 a. m. to 12 noon. The 
scale of wages to be 50 cents per hour 
(minimum') for journeymen and 5 cents per 
hour (minimum) additional for all fere 
men. Our present wages are $3. 2d per day 
of eight hours. 

*$* *$* *$* 

Local Union 978, Springfield, Mo. — While 
we have stipulated our demands to be 
made upon our employers this year, we 
have thought best to postpone the fixing 
of the date when these demands should 
take effect until the spring trade opens 
up. We shall make a united effort to se- 
cure the eight-hour day and a minimum 
scale of 35 cents per hour. This means an 
increase over present wages, which are 
$2.50 per day of nine hours, of 30 cents 
per day. We are short of work at this 
writing, but the outlook is bright provided 
the money market settles down to normal 

♦ ♦ •> 

Local Union 1034, Oskaloosa, la. — In 
view of the fact that during the past three 
years the cost of living has been advanced 
fully 30 per cent., while our wages have al- 
most remained stationary, and in view of 
the fact that the wage scale obtaining in 
surrounding cities is considerably higher 
than the scale paid Oskaloosa, and for vari- 
ous other reasons we have passed a reso- 
lution to the effect that our contractors be 
notified that on and after March 1, 1908, 
we shall demand an advance in wages of 
5 cents per hour, making our minimum 
scale 35 cents an hour for nine hours' work. 
The contractors, as far as they have been 
heard from, seem to be favorable to the 
increase we are demanding. 


X)ie|get»erffd)aft[idjc Bctoegung roc 
unb in ben erften 3 a ^ rc " 
unferer Hcpublif. 
Ueber bie erften getoertfdjaftlidien SSmpfe 
unb £>rganifation§berfud)e ber Strbeiter ber 
SBereinigten ©taaten finb ber 9<Jad)toeIt mir 
feljr fpartidje Stoten erfjatten geblieben. SRor 
ber ©rfinbung unb SIntoenbung ber Sampf* 
mafdjinen tear bie $nbuftrie biefe§ SanbeS 
nodj toeing enttoidelt. £odjften§ in ben gro= 
feeren ofttidjen ©tabten, tote Steto SJorf, 
'4sfjilabefp!)ia unb 23ofton gab c§ bamate ein 
proletariat im Ijeutigen 23egriffe. Igm adjt« 
geljnten, unb in ber erften §alfte beS neun= 
geljnten 3a[jrljunbert§ toar bem Sotjnarbeiter 
nod) ©elegenljett geboten fid) mit geringen 
(Srfparniffen felbftftanbig gu madjen unb 
biete madjten bon biefer ©elegenljett @e= 

Vint toenige ber Soljnarbeiter fagten fid) 
bamat§, bafc fie Soljttarbeiter feien unb 
fioljnarbeiter bteiben miifcten. Unter biefen 
SSerbatrniffen tourbe iljre $;ntereffengemein= 
fcrjaft bon ben Soljnarbeitern nod] nidjt er= 
tannt, baS ©efiujl ber gufammengetjortgleit 
toar unter iijnen lautn nod) bortjanben unb 
e§ ift baljer erltartid), baf; iljre erften Drga* 
nifationSberfudje nur bon boriibergeljenbem 
(Srfolge begleitet unb bie gu jener Qett in'§ 
Seben gerufenen ©rganifationen nidjt bon 
bauernbem SBeftanb toaren. gietjt man nun 
nod) in 23etradjt baft aHer SInfang fdjtoer ift, 
bafc e§ bama.13 nodj feine Slrbeiterpreffe gab 
bie bon ben toirtfdjafttidien Mmpfen Ijatte 
Sftotig neljmen ionnen, baf3 bie bamal§ 6efte= 
Ijcnbe spreffe nur fapitalifttfdje Sntereffen 
bertrat unb etenfo toic e§ fo Ijaufig bie @e= 
pflogenljeit ber Ijeutigen spreffe ift, bie 58er« 
befferungSbeftrebungen ber Strbeiter ignorir» 
te, fo ift e§ begreiflid), bafo un§ bisfjer nur 
fo fpartidje bieSbegiigtidje SIngaben gugdng== 
lid) getoorben finb. 

gerrman ©djliiter, bem SRebarteur ber 
9leto ?)orI S3oIf§geitung, gebiiljrt nun ba§ 
SBerbienft baS einfdjlagige Sftaterial gefam* 
melt unb in einem furglict) erfd)ienenen 
S8ud)e, betittelt, „®ie SInfange ber beutfdjen 

Slrbcttcrbctoegung in SImertfa," gufammen= 
geftcHt gu Ijaben. 

S)a§ erfte ®apitel be§ SBudjeS bet)anbelt 
bie erften toirtfdjafttidjen ®ampfe im attge* 
meincn, ntdjt toie man au§ beffen Sirtel 
fdjlie&crt tonnte, lebiglidj ben SInteil ben bie 
beutfdjen Strbeiter an biefen Scrmbfen ge= 
nommen Ijaben. ©ie, in biefem ®apitel ent= 
Ijaltenen fetjr intereffante SIngaben, gufam* 
men mit aljnlidjetn SKaterial bai un§ fritter 
fdjon burd) ben ©efretar be§ 3ieto SJorfer 
Siftritt Souncit'g juging, tooHen toir nun in 
biefem Stuffa^e jur ^enntni§ unferer SKit* 
glieber unb Sefer bringen. 

SBte bie 9?adjforfdjungen §. @d)Iiiter'§ er» 
geben, fjaben bie Strbeiter fd^on bor ber ltn* 
abbangigleitSerttarung berfdjiebentlidje SBors 
ftofte gur SSerbefferung i^rer Sage gemadjt. 
©o tourben im ^b,re 1741 eine Stnjaljl 
SBade'rgefeHen toegen SSerfdjtobrung bor ©e= 
ridjt gefteUt, toeil fie b^o^ere Cb^ne berlang= 
ten unb fict) toeigerten, SBrot gu baden, aufjer 
unter beftimmten SBebingungen. 

3m ^ab,re 1791 tourbe in sptjilabetpljia 
eine Organifation bon ©djuljmadjcrgefellen 
gegriinbet, bie im %a$xe 1796 eine 3lrbeit§= 
einfteKung infgenirte, um eine So^ncrljoTjung 
gu ergtoingen. S)er StuSftanb ging berloren 
unb tourbe im ^atjre 1798 toieberb,ott, bie§« 
mal mit gutem ©rfolg. 

®a§ folgenbe ^abr fab, toieberum einen 
geI)ntood)igen StuSftanb bon ©c^ubmad^ern in 
spbilaMpfiJa, ber burd) Singreifen ber @e= 
ridjte gu ©nbe gefiirjr-t tourbe. 

Um ba§ ^ab,r 1802 Ijerum fanb ein Slu§= 
ftanb ber 9?eto SJorter SKatrofen ftatt, bie 
bi§ babin geb,n ©otlar monatlidb, erb,ielten 
unb nun eine (Srt)bT)ung iljreS 2ob,ne§ auf 
biergeljn SoEar berlangten. 

®ie ©eeleute marfdjirten burd) bie ©tra* 
%m bet ©tabt unb forberten ib,re SoUegen 
bie noeb, fiir ben alien 2ob,n arbeiteten auf, 
bie Strbeit niebergutegen, bie ©d)iffe gu ber= 
laffen unb fid) ifi,nen angufd)Iiefgen. 

S8erfi,aftungen folgtcn unb bie giiljrer ber 
SIu§fteb,enben tourben bor ©eridjt gebrad)t 
unb in'§ ©efangniS abgefiUjrt. 

Bie SdjiffSgitmnetleute bie Don jeljet in 
SImerifa etn grofeen Einflufj in ofjcutiidu'n 
SJngeleQentjeiten auSubten, bie audi in bet 
spotiril eine SRoUe fpielten, jidj ftuljgeitio ot« 
ganifirten, Diele ffichnpfe biirdifodjlcn unb 
gute Ccfljne ertjielten, licfu'u fid) am 3. Slpvil 
1808 in SUehJ 0oril ftaatlidj iuforporircn. 

Eine Drganifarion ber ^anSginrmetleuie 
turn STCeto 0ori l i c ti fidi im Jljte 1806 cbcu= 
faffs ftaatlidj iuforporircn. 

®ie 3 li u ti m ii rti l- i(i c i c fl c n SZelD tyozt'S, bic 
fidj fdjon im Jatjre 180B organifirt batten 
urn, tote cv in einem ibrcr offigieHen Sdjrift= 
ft it of c Ijetfjt, fid) „gcgcn bie Xtjrannei beS 
Capital? 311 fdiiitu'ii," infccnirten cincn SluS* 
ftanb beS ©etoerfeS im ^afjre 1809. 

?ic llrfadic biefcS SluSftanbcS, toir jittren 
f)ier ©djliitet toortfid), ift nidjt orjne 3nic= 
reffe. Etn SKitglieb ber Union fjattc fid) ge= 
toeigeri eine Unit bon ber Crganifation 
auferlegie Wcfbftrafc 3U jaljlcn; c§ tourbc 
auSgcftofjen, fnnb abcr trotsbcm S8efd)df= 
tigung. Sag fiitjrte 311m fiampf mit ben 
SHeifrern, bie unterbcffcn cbcnfaflS eine Ot* 
ganifarion gcbilbct Flatten. 2>er SfuSftaub 
bancrte fecfjS Sftonate unb tourbc burd) bag 
Eingreifen ber ©cridjtc beenbet bie eine 
grofjc ?tn3afit ber Strbetter unb ibrcr SBeatns 
ten 3U einer ©elbfrrafe bcrurteilten. Sic 
©prengung ber Slrbcitcrorganifation roar 
bic A-oIgc. 

Eine anbere ©ctocrfSorganifation, bic 
„ Journemnau Tailors Union" (Union ber 
©dntetbergefeCen) beftanb fdjon 3U SInfang 
be§ ncun3cf)nten ^afjrfjunbcrts. ©ie rerm= 
iirtc fid) auS ©djneibergefcllcn bie bou 
Englanb nadi SImerifa gctommen toaren, 
irjre SJlirgliebfdiaft in ber Union, gfeidjen 
3?arnenS, ber often §eimat attfredjt erf)iel= 
ten big fie 1806 in 9Jeto glorf eine eigne 
C rganifation bilbetcn. 

Eine 3Jcto g)orl „2:t)pograpf)ica[ Socies 
tn," cine ©djriftfe^jer Crganifation, beftanb 
fdjon 1817. 

®ie ^mttnadjcr 9?eto SJorf'S organifirten 
fid) 1819. 

3m gatjre 1827 traten bic ©djnetber Sfteto 
SJorf'S in einem SluSftanb unb einige bon 
ifincn tourben roegen SBerfdjtoonmg berur* 

SaS ©djfutcr'fcfje S3ud) enttjaft ferner 
Slufeeidjnungen iiber bie 3efjnfrunbcnbetoes 
gnng bie im 3 a fjre 1824 in ben 3Jeu Sng= 
Tanb ©iaaten begann. ©djiffbauer unb 
83auerarbeiter in Softon Idntpften bon 1825 ' 

bis 1835 in gatjlreidjen HuSftanben filr bic 
RJerfiirjung ber HrbcitSgcit. Hud) in Sleto 
0otl tourbc fdjon bamais bic (ange Slrbcits* 
jeti bon ben Hrbeitem burd) StuSftanbe bc= 

£>ic SUottoenbigfeit bo-? cngeren 8ufam» 
menfdjIuffeS ber berfdjiebenen einjjclnen ©e* 
toerlfdjaften ift, nad) Sdjliiter, faft gteidtji 
geitig in Englanb tote Ijiet in Stmerila em« 
pfunben unb erlannt toorben. ©0 tourbe im 
■Juli 1826 in SKanttjefter (Englonb) bic 
erftc SBerbinbung bon (<lctocrtfd)aftcn gc= 
grilnbet, „?be gricnblt) Union of 3Wc= 
djanicS," etn SKafdjinenarbeitetberbanb ber 
mebrerc Crtc umfnfetc. 

3u SInfang ber breiftiger Jahrc toaren bic 
©ctoerffdjaftcn ber Stabt SJcto SJort unb ifjre 
llmgebung ebenfaQS fdjon fo fiat!, baf; fie — 
1S33 — cincn ©ctocrffdjaftSjcutraHorpcr bil« 
ben tonnten, bic „©cneral £rabe§ Union." 

??ebcn SIcto SJorl unb S3ofton fiitjrt @d)Iii* 
tet nod) bic Stabtc 5pf)ilabclpf)ia unb 93alti= 
more an in benen fid) bie ©etocrffdjaft§bc= 
toegltng toar}tenb ber %al)te 1833 bi§ 1836 
bcfonbcrS etfreulidj enttotdelte. Ein botfcS 
Tniicub ©tabtc bon SBofton bi§ nad) 2Ba= 
ffiiugton nub 2oui§biIIc befafjen tatfddj(id) 
3itr bantatigen 3eit getocrffdjafttidje 3en= 

3u einet nntionatcu obcr fcbCratibcn SBer< 
binbung ber 03etocrlfdjaftcn fam e§ im 
^ab,re 1834 in bem bic Drganifationcn ber* 
fdjiebencr Stabte etnen SSerbanb bitbeten ber 
fidj, „'3rt)C National SrabeS Union" nanutc, 
iFire eigne Monftitution annaljm unb eigne 
?intional6camtc crronbttc. 2)icfcr crftc na= 
tionatc SSerbanb ber ©ctocrffdjaften ber 'Hex- 
cinigtcn Staaten fj'ett in brci aufcinanber* 
forgenben ^afiren, 1834, 1835 unb 1836, 
nationale fionbentioncn ab. Sludj ein ^?ref5= 
organ bc§ 83crbanbc§ erfd)icn, untcr bem 
3?amcn, ..Wationat Saborcr," in ^Ijitabcts 
pbia im £abr 1836. 

Enbe 1834 brad) ein STugftanb ber §uU 
madjer in 3?eto ?Jor! an§, tocil bie Unter^ 
nefjmer teine Unionfeute befdjaftigen tood* 
ten. SKit £>ilfe be§ @etoertfdjaft§3eurra[-- 
fb'rberS bjurbe ber SiuSftanb gcroonnen. 

3m folgcnben %at)xe ftelltcn in 9Jcm g)orf 
bic ©teinrjauer, bie Sifdjler unb bie 5{$iano= 
madje-r bic SXrbeit ein um cine Sofjnerfjb'bung 
3U erringen. §n ^aterfon, 32. %., legteu 
3ur fefben 3eit 1,000 Sinber bon 7 big 3U 
18 £afjren bie Strbeit in ben g-abrifen nieber 
unb beriangten eine SBerfih^ung ifjrer Str= 


beitSgeit bon 13 auf 11 ©tunbcn. Sic 
©djuljmad)er in SJeto SJorf, 3?eloatf, ^S^ilas 
belpfiia, Ketr 23run§)mcf, Orange, 5pougI)= 
rcepfie unb anbertoartS inarcn im fciben 
Sabre im SluSftanbe unb berlangten fibfiere 
2bfi>e roegcn ber gefteigerten ipreife ber 2e* 
benSmittel unb ber Sftteten, anb fc^ten ifirc 
gorberung burd). 

©in adgemeiner ©djuljmadjcrfongref; fanb 
im ^afire 1836 in Kero g)orf ftatt auf toel* 
djem 5,000 Mtglieber oertreten tnaren unb 
bie 33ilbung einer uatiouaien Crganifatiou 
in Slngriff genommen tourbe. Slufjerbem 
tourbe eine Stefolutiou augenomtnen in toeU 
djer ber ®ongrejj gegen bie ©infufrc Son 
©djufien unb ©tiefeln auS betn SluSIanbe 

Stud) in ben 9ceus©nglanbftaaten fanben 
inn biefe 3eit gafitreicfie StuSftanbe ftatt bon 
bencn befonberS ber Sfugftanb ber Se$tilar= 
bciterinnen in Sotoed, 2ftaff., im ^a^re 1836 
fierborgufieben ift. ©iefer SluSftanb roar ber 
erfte in ben SSereinigten ©taaten an bem 
eine grbfgere galjl bon irei6Iid)en Slrbeitern 

2tudj bie Slntncnbung ber SDIilig gur Un* 
tcrbriidung bon SluSftanben roar gu jener 
§eit fdjon im ©ebraudj; benn im felben 
Jaljre — 1836 — legten bie Congfljoremen, bie 
SiiggcrS unb anbere ©djiffS unb §afenar= 
beiter in Seem SJort bie Slrbeit nieber, um 
fibfiere Sbfine unb tiirgere SlrbeitSgeit gu er=, 
Garten. $fjre Pa£e frurben burd) ©cab§ 
befe^t, unb nun gogen bie SluSfieljenben bon, 
SBiirft gu SBerft, bie @cab§ aufforbernb ibre; 
Slrbeit einguftellen. ©afiei torn e§ gu lfn={ 
rufjen ; ber SJcatjor . ber ©tabt madjte bie 
SJcilig mobtl unb baS ©ingreifen be§ WlilU 
icir§ gtoang bie Slu§flefjenben gur 2Bieber=. 
aufnafime ber Slrbeit unter ben alten 33e= 
bingungen. ©otoeit £>. ©d)Iiiter. 

©a§ iibrige un§, roie oben ertoaljnt, guge= 
gaugenen Material, trelcfie§ bon einem 
Slgenten ber aSereinigten ©taaten SKcgierung 
gefatnmelt Inurbe, liefert un§ nadjftetjenbe 
©aten bie fid) bornefimlid) auf bie Seilnaljme 
ber ©etnerffcbaften friifierer Sabre an bffent* 
(id)en ©emoi'ftrationen begieljen. 

©ie 9T"etr> SJorl ©bening SfSoft, in ifjrer 
SluSgabe bom 5. JJobember 1825 beridjtet, 
bnfg bie §au§gimmerleutc (fijoufe carpen* 
tcr») 3?eto SJortS ncbft anberen ©etuerffdjaf* 
ten an ben geierlicbteiten bei ©rbffnung be3 
©rie Canals teilnatjmen. ©icfe tbaren: 
§au§gimmerteute, Sifdjler, 3Kaurer, Sin* 

fteridjer, ©tcinljauer, Klempner (tinners), 
ftufer, fflkficr, ©erber, gmtmacber, 2eber= 
arbeiter (corbloainS), ©djneiber, Seiter, 
©djmiebe, 9?ageltnad)er, Settenmadjer, ©att* 
Icr, Sbpfer. 

®a§fetbe Matt cntfjielt in ber SiuSgabe 
bom 16. 3Jobember 1830 cine Sftotig iibcr 
eine, bon ber Sieto SJort SCQpograpf)icaI 
Union einberufene, am fotgenben Kittmod) 
Stbenb im „©b,ate§pear," @cfe gultou unb 
9?affau ©trafee, ftattgufinbenben SSerfamm^ 
, lung 3U roeldjer 58ertreter ber iibrigen @e= 
mertfdjcften eingelaben luerben um iiber bie 
Seilnaljme an einer ®emonftration gur 
geier „beg jiingften 2riumpJ|e§ ber rtdjtigen 
5}Sringipien (correct principles) in grant* 
reid) gu beraten. ©ie ©etoerffdjaften folgten 
bem 9tufe unb ber erfolgreidje SIb= 
fd)Iuf5 ber rebofutionaren 33eroegung 
fener ©pod)e, in granlreid), tourbe 
burd) cine impofante ©traf3enparabe in 
ioiirbiger 28eife gefeiert. golgenbe ©e= 
merffdjaften beteitigten fid) an ber S^arabe: 
§au§gimmerleute, SKaurer, Sadfteinleger, 
©teinfjaucr, ©lafer, ©tipfer, ipolgbilbljauer, 
Stnftreidjer, SBergoIber, ©attlcr (fabblemat= 
er§, '5arne§§mater§), S£ifd)Ier, 5poIfterer, 
93ud)binber, ©djmiebe (blad anb tob^ites 
gmitt)§), .ftcttenmaajer, Ccberarbeiter (corb= 
tnain§), ©djneibcr, 58acter, Siifer, ©erber. 

©ie §au§gimmerleute unb anbere @e= 
tnerle 3?ero 2)ort§ feierten ben %atjze§taq, ber 
Unabl|angigfeit§«©rtlarung burd) eine ©tra« 
fsenparabe am 4. ^uli 1833. 
' ©ie SluSgabe ber SJeto pjorf ©benimj 5poft 
bom 23. SOJarg 1835 beridjtete i)ie 5Eatfad)e, 
baf; bie §au§gimmerteute 3ferD 'SjbrlS an bie= ; 
fern ffage in StuSftanb getrcten f eien. um eine 
Solmertiob/ung bon 11 auf 12 ©djiHinge per 
Sag gu erringen. r. 

Sim 23. gebruar beg fotgenben- ^ab;reg 
1S36 b^ielten bie £>au3gimmerleute Uletv 
SJorlS eine SBerfammlung ab, toeldje ben 10. 
SKarg al§ ben Sag feftfe^te bon bem an tljr 
SJcinimaKo^n 14 ©djiHinge per Sag bctragen 
fotte; eine 2obncrb.ofi.ung bon 4 ©d)illtnge 
per Sag. ©ie Sffieifter bertneigerten bie ge= 
forberte 2ofinert;b6.ung unb bie £>au§gims 
merleute traten infolge beffen am 7ten 
SJJai (1836) in ben Stugftanb. Severer 
bauerte einige SBodjen, tear fd)Iief3lidi bon 
©rfolg getrbnt unb bie geforberte neue Soljns 
ffata tourbe inforgirt. 

(gortfegung auf ©eite 49.) 


No. Name. i nimi 

8151 August Belanger 21 

8162 Alexander l.apolnto .... 21 

B168 John I'. Klueter 

M.'.l George Miles 45 

B156 Mrs. Emma Wagner .... 55 

B166 ClauB 0. AnderBon 62 

8157 Mrs. Virginia Walls 02 

8158 Andrew F. Volkenaud. . . 120 
8150 O. R. Frlsbee i 181 

8100 Joseph C. Kurtz 105 

8101 Mrs. Agnes Belz 174 

8102 Edward Wllschl 18:i 

8103 tt. O. Corklll 184 

8104 Mrs. Emma I'feffcr 242 

8105 John Lunduulst 247 

8100 Wm. II. Hall 270 

8107 Alfred Borup 304 

8168 Frederick Welnoehl 304 

8160 James 1. Cain 354 

8170 John Basslng 375 

8171 Wm. Wlrsum 375 

8172 John II. Mock 416 

8173 Mrs. Anna Tapley 450 

8174 Wm. Cotton 471 

8175 Mrs. Maria A. Lleherman 550 

8176 E. McDougal 586 

8177 Frank B. English 627 

8178 Mrs. Sarah Davenport . . 650 
8170 V. D. Hollingsworth . . . 606 

8180 Mrs. Pauline P. Wald... 696 

8181 Amos C. Hoffman 941 

8182 J. L. Young 1031 

8183 Gustav Schlosser 1051 

8184 Henry A. Johnson 1261 

8185 Mrs. Annie Breighner . . 1315 

8186 Mrs. Mary E. Holden... 1315 
S187 Ami Glheaut 1326 

8188 John C. Strayhorn 1331 

8189 Samuel C. Lachman .... 1491 

8190 Casper Knight. Sr 1592 

8191 Thomas Keenahan 1670 

8102 Gayle Maberry 1716 

8103 Mrs. Jennie Dowling . . . 1747 

8194 Joseph Krai 1786 

8195 Mrs. Annie Smutuy 1786 

S106 Mrs. Virginia McKinzie. 16 

8197 Askel Liljequlst 22 

8198 Mrs. Theresa C. Granger 47 

8199 Mrs. Pauline Dornfeld. . 87 

8200 Mrs. Nellie Gettes 87 

8201 Benj. F. Poston 132 

8202 David E. Speer 182 

8203 R. E. Castor 226 

8204 Mrs. Jennie Bradfleld . . 269 

8205 Robert Mlllen 391 

8206 Mrs. E. B. Murdock 405 

8207 Mrs. Sarah Stlllwell . . . 448 

8208 Wm. Cameron 468 

8200 Mrs. Annie M. Ross 605 

8210 B. F. Coburn 743 

S211 Claus H. Peters 774 

8212 James Stewart 1072 

8213 Joseph Nichols 1410 

8214 John Harlan 1526 

8215 Mrs. Bertha E. Michael. 1824 

8216 Mrs. M. E. Seabreese. . . 29 

8217 John Schumacher (dis.). 60 

8218 Howard A. Dunlap 158 

8219 Frank Grimm (dis) 482 

8220 J. H. Slingerland (dis). 490 

8221 J. D. Foxworth 696 

8222 Harvey Purdy (dis) 749 

8223 J. M. Steel 1281 

8224 Peter O'Neil 1497 

8225 Albert Riggs 1604 

8226 S. A. Henson 1776 

8227 Joseph Blecha 1786 

8228 Israel Dammon 7 

8229 Mrs. Jnlla Heaney 33 

8230 Mrs. Lizzie H. Hill 198 

8231 Frederick Keser 238 

8232 Harry J. Baker 243 

8233 Constantin Sohnel 291 

8234 Mrs. Mary Dawson 299 

8235 Mrs. Hilda Heemstra . . 325 

8236 Frederick A. Smith 349 

8237 Mrs. Josephine H. Lane. 367 






•J! Ill 



•J. Ml 





824 l 















si; .|ii 
























' 8264 



















































































































































































































Name. 1'iiioii. Ain't. 

I'mil Cli'chaiiiiWHky .... 448 50.00 

David Kinney 701 60.00 

Marvin l>anl<-l 1820 200.00 

Mrs. Alilile Maddux 1708 26.00 

Mim. Mnitlc E. Green... 62 50. Oo 

James K. Morton 02 2011.00 

Richard Mahoncy 117 511.00 

Elmer E. Green 335 100. on 

Ray F. Falrwiallni' .... 380 200.00 

Mrs. Catherine DeVldO. . 490 60.00 

Mrs. Mathlklc Larocbe. . 761 50.00 

J. T. Tully 798 50.00 

Joseph F. Jeffcott 1717 200.00 

Mrs. Anna Theln 47 50.00 

RnbiTl ('. Palmer . 52 200.00 

Mrs. Belle Swan 58 50.00 

Jerry Burns 73 50.00 

A. Beck 107 200.00 

Thomas E. Danley 184 200.00 

Harry Enwrlght 227 50.00 

Mrs. Ella Robinson .... 240 50.00 

Oscar Sandberg 269 200.00 

A. Falde 612 200.00 

Mrs. Mary M. Home.... 860 50.00 

Mrs. Mae Wlnningham. . 985 25.00 

L. H. Smith 1137 200.00 

Henry C. Brown 1235 50.00 

Qnintin de la Rosa 1729 200.00 

George Cook 1817 100.00 

August Bunke 1 50.00 

Mrs. Annie Malison" .... 464 50.00 

Mrs. Blanche Hlckey.... 476 50.00 

Mrs. Lizzie V. Darnell.. 508 60.00 

Jack Story (bal.) 1635 76.00 

Ernest Llnhardt 45 100.00 

Louis Weber 252 200.00 

J. E. Houde 366 200.00 

Mrs. Lizzie Schreckengost 586 50.00 

Wm. L. Roberts 616 200.00 

O. H. Klngsley 1014 200.00 

Mrs. Agnes Hlllebrand.. 1824 50.00 

James W. Young 1533 60.00 

Thomas Rutledge 38 200.00 

Harrison Hayes 92 50.00 

Mrs. Martha Thompson. 146 50.00 

Mrs. Madora II. Hall... 455 50.00 

Mrs. Mary Doler 557 50.00 

Wm. James 853 50.00 

R. D. Gerow 1187 200.00 

Charles Reichert 1 164.44 

James Callahan 2 200.00 

Tobias Olson 7 200.00 

Bernhard Kramer 12 50.00 

Wm. C. McGarvey 29 50.00 

Martin C. Craig 84 200.00 

Damase Berlan 134 50.00 

Joel D. Owen 161 200.00 

Mrs. Mary E. NIdlck... 230 50.00 

Paul Chrometzka 309 200.00 

John Urwieda 325 100.00 

Mrs. Lena Mllowltz .... 361 50.00 

Mrs. Barbara Hereth... 375 50.00 

John Klotz 375 200 . 00 

Mrs. Rosa G. Boehm . . . . 393 50.00 

John O. Donohue 400 200.00 

Mrs. Bessie Olson 416 50.00 

Wm. G. Geiger 482 50.00 

Augustus S. Berry 394 200.00 

Fred Lesser 627 200 . 00 

Henry B. Wilson ...... 712 200.00 

Mrs. Annie Case 780 50.00 

Herman C. Lang 1126 200.00 

Mrs. Mary J. Conklln... 1141 50.00 

Mrs. LIda Perry 1207 50.00 

Archibald McCormack ... 1393 • 200.00 

Axel E. Peterson 1769 200.00 

Mrs. Augusta Leikert... 1784 50.00 

Carl A. Peterson (dis.).. 58 400.00 

Mrs. Sarah E. Aldrldge. 98 50.00 

John D. Parry 125 50.00 

Joseph O'Keefe 813 200.00 

Stewart Skinner 1129 50.00 

Wm. Albert Hill 1193 200.00 

John A. Whitaker 90 200.00 

Broadus Hall 92 200.00 

Matthew E. Jordan 117 200.00 

Martin Hansen 155 100.00 


No. Name. Union. 

8325 Gustav Haag 161 

8326 Henry Venvertloh 189 

S327 John B. Moran 342 

8328 Peter H. Johnson 378 

8329 Mrs. Hattie L. Sanger.. 482 

8330 Cornelius O'Keefe 578 

8331 Richard Lavere 747 

8332 Mrs. Julia Hayward 810 

8333 Thomas J. Clark 848 

8334 George L. Tiee 1377 

S335 James W. Young (bal.).. 1533 

8336 Josiah Holshoe 37 

8337 David C. Boyd 62 

8338 Mrs. Hulda Peterson .... 478 

8339 Mrs. Amanda M. Blake.. 579 

8340 Edmond Benoit 818 

8341 James Moran 23 

8342 Wm. J. Hadley 53 

8343 Frank Dunn 72 

8344 Mrs. Margaret Fitzgerald 75 

8345 Mrs. Victoria Carlson... 141 










































e (UnvpmUv 

Name. Union. Am't. 

Frank Carnelli 1<;7 50.00 

Mrs. Clara Huston 245 50.00 

Mrs. Wilheimina Pufpaff 251 50.00 

Adolf Nasty 309 200.00 

Peter Hagen 457 200.00 

John Tracy 542 50.00 

Mrs. Anna Reimann.... 1051 50.00 

Wm. Kitts 1112 200.00 

Andrew Kennedy 1176 50.00 

Mrs. G. A. Gattis 1624 25.00 

Wm. H. Barclay 1717 200.00 

Mrs. Mary Ruby 6 50.00 

Stephen H. Butler 26 50.00 

John Lynow 36 200.00 

Mrs. Anna Mueller .... 238 50.00 

Mrs. Forest G. Whittaker 438 50.00 

W. P. Bugbee 481 50.00 

Mrs. Louisa DeBrill.... 815 50.00 

Total $25,989.44 

(gortfe§ung Don ©eite 47.) 

gur fel&en geit roaren aud) bie §au§gim= 
merleute 5gb,ilabelptjia§, ebenfaH§ gur (Sr= 
ringung einer Sorjiiertjorjung, im 2Iu3ftanbe. 

Set SSereinigte ©taatenprefibent £arri= 
fort ftarb im Slpril 1841, unb 3?ero g)orf, ba* 
mal§ rote aud) rjeitte, bie bebeutenbfte ©tabt 
ber Union, toiinfdfjte eine roiirbige SobeSfeier 
abgutjalten. gu biefem groedfe roanbte man 
fid} roieberum an bie ©eroerffdjaften. ©ine 
grof3e SErauerprogeffion gog burd) bie ©tra* 
f;en ber ©tabt unb folgenbe ©rganifationen 
nafjmen JEeil an ben SBeerbigungSfeierlidj* 
leiten: §au3gimmerleute, ©teinljauer, 3Kau= 
rer, ©djiff tSgimmerleute, Salfaterer, ©djmie= 
be, (Solb unb ©ilberarbeiter, Seberarbeiter 
(lectttjerbrefferS), 23ud)binber, ©egelmadjer, 

8m Slbfdjluffe be§ oben befprodjenen $a= 
pitelS erinnert £>. ©djluter an bie furdjtbare 
®rife roeldje bie SBereinigten ©taaten im 
3ar)re 1837 Ejeimfudjie. Katjegu aHe 23an= 
fen fteHten itjre galjlungen ein, garjlreidrjc 
SBanferotte unb 83etriebeinfteHungen in alien 
©etoerben folgten unb bie Siot unb bag 
(Slenb roeldje bie grofee 2trbeit§Iofigfeit un* 
ter ber arbeitenben SSebbllerung fjerborrief 
roaren unerljbrte. ®iefe gufidnbe roaren, 
begreiflidjerroeife, bon berljeerenber SBirtung 
auf aHe Strbeiterorganifationen. 9?ur roeni* 
ge ber bamal§ beftefjenben ©eroerffdjaften 
toaren imftanbe fid) aufredjt gu erljalten unb 
bie Srife gu iiberleben. ©inige berfelben 
tonftituirten fid) als gefeHige SBereine ober 
btlbeten SSereine gur Unterftii^ung ber 2)fit= 
gtieber in ®ranfi)eii§= ober £obe§fdIIen. 

Sofal Union 509 Here I^orf fammelt 
ftatiftifdjes ZITaterial unb unter= 

ftiitjt arbettslofe niitglteber. 
Sofalsllnion 309 tjat fid) rodl)renb bem nun 
berfloffenen %al)te mit ber ©rmittelung ftati* 
ftifdjer Saten iiber ben Umfang ber Strbeitg* 
IofigJeit, SlrbeitSgeit unb Skrbienft it)rer 
SWitglieber, foroie iiber bie ©eroerfSIage im 
aHgemeinen befafet. ©3 rourben gebrutfte 
gragebogen, elf berfdjiebene gragen ent* 
Ijaltenb, an aHe 2ftiiglieber auSgefanbt unb 
eine gufammenftellung be§ fo geroonnenen 
2>JateriaI'3 roetdjeS einen geitraum bon 6 
Sftonaten umfaf3t ber mit bem 4ten ©eptem= 
Ber 1907 abfepefet, ergab foIgenbeS Steful* 

SBort einer Migliebfdjaft bon iiber 1,200 
tjaben 914 Sftitglieber bie gragen beantroor* 
tet S3on biefen erfreuten fid) 619 SKitglie* 
ber be§ ©amftag £>albfeiertage§ unb arbei* 
teten 44 ©tunben per SBodje. Sie fid) auf 
bie Sdnge ber 2trbeit»geit begietjenben gragen 
rourben bon 885 SKitgliebern beanttoortet 
unb bon biefen arbeiteten nur 206 boEe 
geit, ba§ b>if}t, rodtjrenb ben 26 28od)en 
iiber bie fid) bie ftatiftifd)en Slufnaljmen 
erftrecfen. 671 JJJitgtieber roaren bon 1 bi§ 
gu 25 2Bod)en, unb 7 SKitglieber todb^renb 
fammtlid)en 26 SSod)en arbeit§[o§. Ser 
Surd)fd)nitiJs2krbienft toatjrenb ber bcfd)af= 
tigten geit, betrug $19.16 per EUitglieb. 
£>a§ ©ammeln ber ftatiftifd)en ®aten rjatte 
einen fpegieHen groed — erftenS bie gefammt 
S)iftrift§=Organifation auf bie grofee 8lr= 
beitSIofigteit aufmertfam gu mad)en unter 
ber bie ©fjoparbeiter befonber§ im Ie^ten 
^atjr fdjtoer gu Ieiben rjatten unb bk ber 
(gortfegung auf ©eite 52.) 

Aberdeen, Wnnh. — r.. L. Alexander. 

AllmnT. N. T. — Thoa. Gllmore, Room 21, Beaver 


Alton. III.— (). V. Lowe. 

Amarlllo, Tex. — Sam. Brame. 

Annapolis, Md. — George E. Wooley, 8 West St. 

Ardraore, I, T. — D. N. Ferguson, Box 522. 

Ashury l'nrk. N. J. — A. I.. Clayton, 1305 Sum- 
merfield ave. 

Atlanta, Ga, — Geo. J. N. Ilnmil. 80 Central nv. 

Atlantic City, N. J. — W. D. Kauffman, 24 Mt. 
Vernon ave. 

Auburn, III. — I. E. Iligglns. 

Aurora, III. — E. R. Davis, 72 S. Broadway. 

Unltltnore. Md. — Jos. E. Woutlssetb. Boarder 
State Bank. Park Ave. and Fayette St. ; 
YVm. Albaugh, Boarder State Bank, l'ark 
ave. and Fayette st. 

Barre, Vt. — R. L. Hayward. 

llelmar. N. .7. — A. L. Clayton. 824 Central ave. 

Bergen County. N. J. — M. W. Holly. Box 166. 
Ilnckensack. N. J.: H. B. Mason, 242 
llackensack St., Rutherford, N. .7. 

Elnghatntou, N. Y. — Jeremiah Ryan, 153 Wash- 
ington St. 

Birmingham. Ala. — .7. A. Mayor, 1024J 1st ave. 

Boston, Mass. — J. E. Potts. 30 Hanover st. ; 
Colin W. Cameron. 30 Hanover st. ; L. 0. 
1393 (Wharf and Bridge), Seymour Coffin, 30 
Hanover St.; L. D. 1410. Chas. N. Kimball. 
30 Hanover st. ; L. U. 1824, E. Thulln 
(Cabinetmakers and Mlllmen) 30 Hanover st. 

Bralnerd, Minn. — Otto Londberg, 605 2d ave., 
N. E. 

Bridgeport, Conn. — .7. M. Griffin, 682 Grand st. 

Brockton, Mass. — Walter Pratt, 158 Main st. 

Brookline, Mass. — Wm. H. Walsh, 160 Wash- 
ington st. 

Buffalo. N. Y. — Geo. H. Waldow, S7 Mulberry 

Butler, Pa. — 

Butte. Mont. — W T m. Cutts, Box 623. . . 

Cambridge, Mass. — S. F. McArthur, 8 Maga- 
zine st. 

Camden. N. J. — Reuben Price, 16 Hudson St. 

Canton. III. — M. Beam. 

Cedar Rapids. la. — A. J. Cronkhite, Room 8 
Union Block. 

Central Citv, Ky. — James R. Reynolds. 

Charleston, S. C. — 

Charleston. W. Va. — W. D. Summers. Station A. 

Chattanooga. Tenn. — M. B. Hamilton, 836J 
Market st. 

Chelsea. Mass. — T. J. Smythe, 22 Carter st. 

Cheyenne. Wyo. — C. A. Elliott. 

Chicago, 111. — John A. Metz. president, Room 
502. -56 Fifth ave.: Dan Galvin, secre- 
tary-treasurer and business agent. Room 502, 
56 Fifth ave. ; Wm. C. White, Room 
502. 56 Fifth ave. ; L. Schalk. Room 
502, 56 Fifth ave. ; No. 1. J. J. Mockler ; 
No. 10, Frank Donohue : No. 54, Frank Krev ; 
No. 58. Chas. Grassl ; No. 62, John Myren ; 
No. 80. Albert Schultz : No. 141. John Broad- 
bent ; No. 181. T. F. Church ; No. 199, .7. B. 
Fltzpatrlck : No. 242, John Baer t ; No. 
272. Herbert Ashton ; No. 416, ^ red C. 
Lemke: No. 434. J.. F. Swalley : Nos. 1307, 
250 and 461. George H. Lakey. Room 502, 56 
Fifth ave. Millmen : Joseph Plachetka. sec- 
retary-treasurer and business agent ; No. 14, 
John Kikulskl : No. 1367. Jos. Dusek ; No. 
1784. Frank Knrtzer ; No. 1805, Wm. Ka- 
nlewskl ; John W. Hunter, 501 Cambridge 

Cincinnati. O. — Chas. House, 1318 Walnut st. 

Clalrton, Ps II l: \ an, Box 127. 

Cleveland, 0. Wesley Workman, Sawtell ave.; 
J. Jay Pharee, 10734 Woodland ave. 

Coffeyvllle. Kas.— W. S. Watson, 804 W. 12th 

• '..Iiimlnis. O. — II. K. Trimble 228 Ilnmllton av. 

Concord. N. C— A. E. Bost, Box 190. 

Corning. N, Y C. L. Miller. 239 Decatur St. 

Dallas. Tex. — II. W. Howland, 175 Flemmlnga 

Danbury, Conn. — W. W. Fox, Bethel, Conn. 

Davenport. la. — P. J. Carlson, 1320 38th St., 
Unck Island. III. 

Dcnlson. Tex. — .7. M. Davis, 420 W. Texas St. 

1 1, -nver. Colo. — No. 528. Geo. Selfert. 2254 
Blake st. ; No. 55, J. M. McLane, 343 S. Tie- 
niiint St. 

Des Moines. la. — J. C. Walker. 414 4th st. 

Derby. Conn. — Steven Charters, 111 Wakelee 
ave.. Ansonla. Conn. 

Detroit. Mich. — Oscar Frledland. 28 Bristol St. 

Dorcester, Mass. — J. E. Eaton, Fields Building. 
Fields Cor. 

Duluth. Minn.— J. H. Baker. 504 2d ave.. E. 

East Boston, Mass. — Hugh McKay, 35 Central 

East Palestine, O. — George H. Alcorn. 

East St. Louis, 111.— B. W. Parres, 318 Mis- 
souri ave. 

Eau Claire, Wis. — Roy E. Curtis. 825 2d ave. 

Edmonton, Alta, Can. — .7. H. Patterson, Box 

Elizabeth, N. .7. — .7. T. Cosgrove, 843 Elizabeth 

Elmira, N. Y. — A. D. Corwln. 

Ensley, Ala. — W. T. Ilutto. Box 666. 

Evansvllle. Ind. — John Roddy. 

Fall River, Mass.— F. N. Blanchette, 14 Wil- 
bur st. 

Fairfield. Conn. — H. TJ. Lyman. Box 224. 

Farmington. Mo. — W. .7. Dougherty. 

Fort Smith. Ark. — H. P. Gunnawav. Box 280. 

Fort Worth, Tex. — G. P. Lytle, 412 Neiv Or- 
leans st. 

Galveston. Tex.— H. W. E. Rabe. 2012 a've. M. 

Glen Cove. L. I., N. Y. — Hugh Duffy. • I 

Grand Rapids, Mich. — F. E. Hunt, 31- Howard 

Granville, 111. — Geo. F. Scott. 

Grayvllle. III. — .7. W. Badlshbaugh, Box. 503. 

Great Neck. L. I., N. Y. — Joseph W. Grady. 

Greensburg and Mt. Pleasant, N. Y. — M.- 
Touhey. Box 78. Irvlngton-on-Hudson. 

Greenville. Tex. — I. B. FYench. 

llackensack. N. J. — M. W. Holly. 29 Sussex St. 

Hammond, Ind. — Joe Tratebas. 26 Russell st. 

Hartford. Conn. — F. C. Walz, 247 Putnam St. 

Hartford. Ark. — .7. H. More. Gwynn Postofflce. 

Holyoke. Mass. — D. Chatel. Jr. 

Houston. Tex. — W. G. Cook, 4813 Oak st. 

Huntington. W. Va. — L-. H. Suddlth, 908 Jef- 
ferson ave. 

Ilion, N. Y. — W. C. Mack. 59 Railroad st. 

Indianapolis, Ind.— S. P. Meadows, 54 Virginia 

Ithaca. N. Y. — 

Jackson. Mich. 1 — Geo. .7. Johnston, 315 E. 

Jacksonville, Fla. — R. M. Hill, 813 Albert st. 

Jersey City, N. J. — J. R.' Burgess. 452 Hoboken 
ave. : James G. Larkin, 359 4th St.. Hoboken, 
N. J. 

Kansas City. Mo. — Ed. S. Abdill, 2307 Monitor 

Kewanee. 111. — W. H. Whitney, 412 Grace ave. 

Kevnort. N. .7. — Saml. Strvker. 


Kirkwood, Mo. — G. A. Batting. 

Knoxville, Tenn. — W. H. Block. 

Krebs, I. T. — B: D. Miller. 

Lake County, 111. — W. O. Samson, Waukegan, 

LaSalle, 111. — R. J. Mcintosh. 

Lawrence, Mass. — A. B. Grady, 184 Broadway. 

Lawton. Okla. — N. W. Gatewood, 902 7th st. 

Lincoln, Neb. — E. L. Bly, 130 N. Tenth St. 

Lockport, N. Y. — Robt. J. Brown. 

Louisville, Ky. — B. C. Kundert, 804 8th st. 

Los Angeles, Cal. — John Zaring, Station L. 

Lowell, Mass. — M. A. Lee, 48 Bartlett St. 

Lynn, Mass. — C. A. Southard, 62 Munroe St. 

Mayaguez, Porto Kico. — Luis Perocler, Box 101. 

Marissa, '111. — A. F. Jensen. 

McKinney, Tex. — George Hughes. 

Memphis, Tenn. — George R. Christie, Carpen- 
ters' Hall. 97 N. Second st. 

Middlesex, Mass. — John G. Cogill, 3 Glen 
Court, Maiden, Mass. 

Milwaukee. Wis. — Wm. Griebling, 318 State St. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Martin Wefold, 36 S. 6th 
St., Assistant : Louis Engdahl. 36 S. 6th st. 

Moberly, Mo. — M. B. Menefee, 407 Madison ave. 

Moline, 111. — P. J. Carlson, 1320 38th St., Rock 

Monmouth, 111. — E. K. Brasel, 315 South B st. 

Montclair, N. J. — S. Botterill. 

Montreal, Can. — Jos. Ainey, 127 St. Dominique 
St. ; L. D. 134, L. Lefevre, 127 St. Domi- 
nique st. 

Muskegon, Mich. — Jos. M. Epsin, Box 65. 

Mt. Kisco, N. Y. — Fred C. Boessman. 

Nashville, Tenn. — S. W. Everson, 426J Union 

Newark, N. J. — J. M. McLean, 259 S. 10th st, ; 
' C. C. Mowell, 107 Oraton st. 

Newport, R. I. — S. Cougdon. 

Newton. Mass. — M. L. Chivers, 251 Washing- 
ton St. 

New Bedford, Mass. — Geo. A. Luce, 29 Willis St. 

New Britain, Conn. — Wm. J. Annis, 148 Curtis 

New Haven, Conn. — J. F. Plunkett, 97 Orange 

New London, Conn. — L. W. Beedle, 105 River- 
view ave. 

New Orleans. La. — W. H. Sims. 1429 Port St. 

New Rochelle, N. Y. — J. E. Martin, 51 Warren 

New York City — For Manhattan : L. E. Storey, 
39 W. 117th st. ; John J. Towers, 178 B. 
87th st. : H. W. Blumenberg, 560 Fox St., 
Bronx ; Richard Mortan, 440 E. 59th st. 

- (shops and unfair trim) ; Chas. Peterson. 
2497 Belmont ave., Bronx (stairs). For 
Brooklyn : Henry Erickson, 288 Degraw 
st. ; Jos. Gleason, 60 Georgia ave. ; Wm. 
Eger, Cor. Nostrand Ave. and King's High- 
way ; John Wolflnger, 1375 DeKalb ave. ; 
M. J. McGrath, 356 22d St. For 

Bronx : Chas. H. Bausher. 1370 Franklin 
ave. ; Geo. Fieser, 237 E. 214th St., Williams- 
bridge : Thos. Dalton. 3309 3d ave. For 
Queens : James Asher, Richmond Hill, 3205 
Jamaica ave. ; Phil Gibbons, 131 Witt st., 
Corona, L. I. ; Geo. A. Lynch, Grafton ave.. 
Chester Park. L. I. For Richmond : Chas. 
Lange, 176 Broad St., Stapleton, S. I. ; Jas. 
Martin. 233 Richmond Road, Stapleton, S. I. 

Niagara Falls. N. Y. — W. J. Sweet, 615 18th st. 

Norfolk County, Mass.— G. S. Aldrich, 280 
Whiting ave.. East Dedham, Mass. 

NorfoLk. Va. — J. H. Epperson, 425 Nelson St., 
Portsmouth, Va. 

Northampton, Mass. — Thomas Waldron, 19 La 
Salle ave. 

North Yakima, Wash. — L. H. Shrimpton, R. D. 
No. 2, Box 197. 

Norwich. Conn. — M. J. Kellev. Box 52. 

Xyack. N. Y. — W. S. Edwards, First ave. 

Oakland. Cal. — Edgar Thompson. 368 3d St. 

Ohio Valley D. C— E. T. Shriver, 908 W. Car- 
lille St., Martins Ferry, O. 

Oklahoma City. Okla. — J. T. Martin, 202 W. 
Grand ave. 

Omaha, Neb. — Jas. Johnson, 3716 N. 30th St. 

Oneida. N. Y. — Elihu Ackerman, 88 Stone st. 

Oshkosh, Wis. — W. Cheney, 387 Wisconsin ave.. 


Sty? (ttntpmUt 

Owensboro, Ky. — A. L. Hudson, Box 874. 

Paterson, N. J. — Krlne Englishman, Helvetia 
Hall, van Houten st. 

Pawtucket, R. I. — Aug. Pigeon, 65 Adams st. 

Tensacola, Fla. — N. Launsbery, Old Armory 
Bldg., Room 1. 

Teorla, III. — W. A. DeLong. 

Perth Amboy, N. J. — J. L. Donehue, 9 Maple 

Philadelphia, Pa.— No. 8, Thos. McDavitt ; No. 
238, Carl Hlrsch ; No. 359, Fred Blermaas, 
cor. Broad and Race sts. ; Wm. Langhorn, 
cor. Broad and Race sts. 

Pittsburg, Pa. — II. C. Whitfield, 1009 Wal- 
lace ave., Wilkinsburg, Pa. : W. S. Bigger, 
138 Carroll st., Allegheny, Pa. 

Pittsfleld, Mass. — John B. Mlckle. 

Pontlac, 111. — C. W. Sylcott, W. Water st. 

Poplar Bluff, Mo. — Frank Jennings. 

Portchester, N. Y. — George Chandler, 111 Adee 

Portland. Ore. — Jas. R. Johnson, 40 E. Grand 

Port Washington, L. I., N. Y. — Chas. T. Wig- 

Providence. R. I. — E. M. Pease, 96 Mathew- 
son st. ; No. 632, J. B. McDonald, 96 Mathew- 
son st. 

Quinoy, Mass. — N. A. Johnson, 78 Garfleld St. 

Quebec. Can. — Paul Dumont, 128 rue Latour- 
elle Fbg.. St. Jean. 

Rahway, N. J. — L. A. Springer. 

Reading, Pa. — J. P. Goldman, 24 N. 6th St. 

Regina, Sask.. Can. — Fred J. Richards. 

Richmond, Va. — L. U. 1764, Millmen : J. W. 
Williams. 601J N. 23d St. 

Roanoke, Va. — L. G. Stultze. 709 2d ave., N. W. 

Rochester, N. Y. — M. G. O'Brien, 39 Reynolds 

Rock Island. 111. — P. J. Carlson, 1320 38th St. 

Roxbury, Mass. — John M. Devine, 429 Dudley 
s frppf - 

Rye. N.' Y. — Otto C. Berthold. Portchester. N. Y. 

Saginaw. Mich. — Wm. L. Hutcheson, 115 Du- 
rand st. 

Salem. Mass. — Wm. Swanson, 4 Central st. 

Salt Lake City — 

San Angelo. Tex. — S. M. Shell. Box 694. 

San Francisco — J. Mahoney. 14th and Guerrero 
sts. ; H. Neidlinger, 14th and Guerrero sts. : 
C. Meanwell. 14th and Guerrero sts. : T. P. 
Farmer, 14th and Guerrero St. : W. Wishart, 
14th and Guerrero sts. : F. Kreamer. 14th 
and Guerrero sts. : F. Hemer. 14th and Guer- 
rero sts. ; Geo. Newsom, 14th and Guerrero 

Santa Monica, Cal. — M. J. Musser, 25 Ashland 
ave.. Ocean Park, Cal. 

Savannah. Ga. — A. J. Sears, 409 Anderson st. 

Schenectady. N. Y. — Chas. Gould, Scotia, N. Y. 

Scranton, Pa. — E. C. Patterson, 222 Lacka- 
wanna ave. 

South Bend, Ind. — M. E. Wright, 126 E. Don- 
ald St. 

South McAIester. I. T. — R. E. Lee. 

Spadra. Ark. — J. A. Jones. 

Spokane. Wash. — H. Wlndebank. 9 Madison St. 

Springfield, 111. — H. Schamel, 1440 N. 3d St. 

Springfield, Mass. — W. J. La Francis, 14 Lom- 
bard st. 

Springfield and Millburn, N. J. — Fred H. Pier- 

St. Cloud. Minn.— John Ahler, 15 Ave. S. 

St. Louis. Mo. — Secretary D. C, J. E. Span- 
gler. 1026 Franklin ave. : No. 5, Alvln Hohen- 
stein, 4417 Alaska ave. : No. 45, Emlle Ruhle. 
2842 Manchester ave. : No. 47, Jas. Trainer. 
1629 Grattan st. : No. 73, T. W. Melville, 1026 
Franklin ave. ; No. 73. Chas. R. Gore. 1306 
Olive st. : No. 257, John Lvons. 4231 Easton 
ave. : No. 578. L. H. Proske. 1026 Franklin 
ave. : No. 1100. Thos. J. Crowe. 2112 Carr 
St. : No. 1329. John Anderson. 4059 Chouteau 
ave. : No. 1596, Jos. A. Burhorst, 1026 
Franklin ave. 

St. Joseph, Mo.— B. M. Schooley, 411 N. 16th 

St. Paul! Minn. — Jas. Welsh, 738 Van Buren PI. 

Continued on Page 52. 

BROWN, HENRY C, of L. TJ. 1235, War- PETERSON, AXEL, of L. U. 1769, Bon.lle 

ron, O. and Gillespie, 111. 

HAYS, M. J., of L. U. 1138, Dover, N. H. 


Summit. N. J. — John H. Phcnsnnt, 15 Orchard 

Svpncusp. N. Y. — James A. Horton, 10 Clinton 

Tacoma, Wash. — W. A. Rowe, 1401 Anderson st. 
Tnmpn. Fla. — 
Terre Haute, Ind.— Philip I. Davis, 520 S. 

10th st. 
Toledo, O.— D. G. Hoffman, 1312 Hong Bt. 
Toluca. 111. — Frank McCoy, Box 8. 
Toronto. Ontario, Can.— C. A. Wells, 107 

Church st. 
Tuxedo. N. Y. — Wm. S. Percy. 
Trenton, N. J. — Geo. W. Adams, 116 Bayard st. 
Troy, N. Y. — J. G. Wilson, Box 65. 
Waco, Tex. — W. B. Fason, 1515 Cumberland. 
Walla Walla, Wash. — M. E. Cutting. 
Walllngford, Conn. — Wm. Burke. 21 Sylvan ave. 
Washington. D. C. — Geo. Crosby, Room 35 

Huehlns Bldg. 

Wnterbury, Conn. — T. G. Smith, 132 S. Main 

Waukegan, 111. — L. E. Schooley, 123 Catalpa 

West Palm Beach, Fla. — G. W. Taylor. 
Wichita, Kas. — T. E. Palmer, 114 W. Lewis st. 
Winnipeg, Man., Can. — C. J. Harding, Trades 

Hall, James Bt. 
White Plains, N. Y. — J. G. Knapp, 4 Baker ave. 
Wllkes-Borre, Pa.. Wyoming Valley D. C. — M. 

E. Sanders, Box 180, Wyoming, Pa. ; John 

J. Casey, 31 W. Market st. 
Wilmington, Del. — James E. Thomson, 626 R. 

5th st. 
Worcester, Mass. — John nanlgan, 100 Front st. 
Wyandotte, Mich. — Chas. H. Henner, 80 rium 

Yonkers, N. Y. — Wm. Wyatte, 170 Aibburton 

Youngstown. O. — J. L. Smith, 215 Frances Bt. 

(gottfc^img Bon ©eitc 49.) 
©d)mu(j=Sonhirrcn3, bag Ijcifot bcr EinfiiB* 
rang bitttger, 9M)tslInion Sximarbeit nad) 
SJclti ?)orf, gugufdjreiben ift. 

Sn gtneiter Sinie fotttcn bie JJlitgliebcr 
bcr S. It. 309 feibft, burd) SBorfiiljrung ge* 
naucr £>atcn iibcr ben Umfang unb bie 
©aucr bcr ?Irbcit§Iofigfcit, baju beranlafet 
teerben SJIafsrcgeln jur Cinberung be§ 9M= 
ftaubes untcr ben Wrbcitlofcn gu ergreifen. 

®ie3 ift nun SInfangS Segember gefdjeljen.- 
SlUe in ?trbcit fteljenbe SJZitglieber roerben 
trSIjrenb brei SNonatcn, SJegembcr, ^anuar 
unb gebruar, urn 25 ober 50 Sent? too&jenU 
lid), je nad) bcr 2oI)nI)oI)e, itn Jgntereffe ber 
arbeitgfofen SKitgltebet befteuert unb Iefc* 
teren nrirb trjodjentlid) luabrenb biefer brei 
SJIonate eine angemeffene Unterfrihjung au§* 

„Unterfrii£ung bei SIrbeitsrofigfeit," per* 
mancnt eingefiifjrt, fjat fid) in Seutfdjlcmb 
unb anberen europaiifdjen Canbern, al§ ein 
unfdjchjbareg SBenefit unb al§ baS rrjtrEfarnfte 
SBinbemirtel erroiefen ; fo aud) Ijier unter ben 
Sigarrenmadjern unb beutfdjen <5d)rifrfek= 
era. Sie grage ift fo toidjtig, bafc fid) un* 
fere SofaI=Unionen unb JKitglieber ernftlid) 
bamit befdjaftigen foUten. 

Polishing Wax for Wood. 

Eight parts by weight of white wax, two 
parts rosin, half a pint of Venice turpen- 
tine, melted together over a very slow fire. 
Pour the melted mass into a stoneware ves- 
sel, and add six parts of the best French 
oil of turpentine, well stirred in. After 
twenty-four hours it is ready for use. 

Leonhart's Straight Edge Level 

Try one. Money refunded if not satisfied. 
Ask your dealer, or send 50c to 

R. LEONHART, - San Anselmo, Calif. 


ffffffffj OUR ADVERTISERS |f f f f f f f f 




The World's 5choo!house 




Everywhere, in all corners of the 
earth, there may be found I. C. S. 
students — students studying for 
better positions, larger salaries, suc- 
cessful lives, and happy self-dependent old 
age. There are over a million of them — just 
think of it — more than twenty times as many 
students as the largest American university has 
had in 270 years! You can find them on the farms 
of New Zealand; in the mines of South Africa; in 
the machine shops of England; and in the shops 
and offices of America. Men in all conditions of 
life, from the carpenter working at unsteady job;:, 
at small wages and with a large family to support, 
to the high salaried official that wishes to broaden 
his knowledge to take advantage of opportunities 
for further promotion. In our 16 years' experi- 
ence we have enabled thousands upon thousands 
to better their conditions. What does this mean 
to YOU? It means, no matter what your circum- 
stances are, that the I. C. S. offers you an easy 
and sure way to secure advancement — the most 
practical way in the world. These are not mere 
idle words; they are absolute facts proved by actual 
statistics. Let them sink into your mind; and 
if you really and seriously would like to 
better your position and earnings, send 
us the coupon below. It positively costs 
you nothing but a 
postage stamp to do 
this much if yon 
do it NOW. 

- C2> cj>\ 


International Correspondence Schools 

Box 1069, Scranton, Pa. 

Please explain, without further obligation on ray ' 

part, how I can quality tor a larger salary and 

advancement to the position before 

which I have marked X. 


Architect'I Draftsman 
Building Inspector 
Contractor & Builder 
Structural Engineer 
Mechanical Engineer 
Mechanical Draftsman 
Civil Engineer 
Steam Engineer 
Marine Engineer 
Machine Designer 

Electrical Engineer 

Electric- Rail way Supt. 

Electric -Lighting Supt. 


Heat, and Vent. Eng. 

Ad Writer 



Civil Service Exams. 

French j With 

German / Edison 

Spanish J Phonograph 


, Street and No.. 


When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 


'•"SON 1 ; 



Wood Dye 

" For the Artistic Coloring of Wood " 

Let us send you FREE prepaid, 
two cans of Johnson's Wood Dye. 
We want you to try this preparation 
at our expense because we believe 
you will find it the best preparation 
of its kind on the market. You, as a 
progressive, up-to-date painter, are just 
as desirous of using the best wood-finish- 
ing preparations as we are to have you use 
Johnson's Wood Dye. So don't miss this 
opportunity — send at once. 
- Do you want sample panels of Southern Pine 
and Oak finished in Johnson's Wood Dye and Johnson's 
Prepared Wax? If so, write on coupon below. 

Johnson's Wood Dye is a dye, pure and simple. It 
penetrates the wood, coloring it so that if the finish is scratched 
or marred, the natural color of wood is not disclosed. It brings out the natural 
beauty of the wood, does not raise the grain and is easily applied. (See list of 
shades on opposite page.) 

Johnson's Electric Solvo is a perfect remover of old finish from wood, 
metal and glass. It quickly softens the old finish so that it can be easily removed 
with putty knife. It will not harm or raise the grain of any wood. Try it. 
Gallon cans, $2.50; quart cans, 75c; pint cans, 40c. 

Johnson's Crack Filler — A non-shrinking, adhesive compound for filling 
cracks. Used and recommended by the best painters everywhere. It is the most 
economical and durable crack filler made. One and 2 lb. cans, per lb. 25c; 5 lb. 
cans, per lb. 20c. 


"The Wood-Finishing Authorities' 

When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

"For the Artistic Coloring of All Wood" 

Johnson's Wood Dye comes in all shades, as follows: 

No. 131, Brown Weathered Oak ; No. 1 2 1 , Moss Green ; 

No. 1 72, Flemish Oak; No. 125, Mission Oak; 

No. 140, Manilla Oak; No. 1 78, Brown Flemish Oak; 

No. 126, Light Oak; No. 130, Weathered Oak; 

No. 1 10, Bog Oak; No. 128, Light Mahogany; 

No. 123, Dark Oak; No. 129, Dark Mahogany. 

Any combination may be obtained by mixing two or more shades. To lighten 
use wood alcohol. To make shade darker add Flemish Oak No. 1 72. 
Gallon cans, $3.00; quart cans, 85c; pint cans, 50c; half-pints, 30c. 

Special FREE Offer 

Send us coupon in lower right hand corner of this advertisement properly 
filled out and we will forward you, prepaid, two cans of Johnson's Wood Dye, // 
any shades as specified, and include copy of our six-color 48-page book.'The //. 

'// CA2 



Q?/ S. C. Johnson 

*<// & Son, Hacine, 

Wia., Gentlemen : 

My paint dealer's 

Proper Treatment for Floors, Woodwork and Furniture, 
full of valuable information for painters. 

Don't fail to write us at once, and remember, if you want finished 

panels of wood, to say so on coupon. 

This, is the most liberal offer we eve/ made, 
your paint dealer's name. 

3e sure to sen 



"The Wood-Finishing Authorities" 

\*\ / for which please send me FREE pre- 
paid 2 cans of Johnson's Wood Dye 

Hades, and a copy of 
your 48-page book "The Proper Treatment for 
Floors, Woodwork and Furniture." 

Town and State 

When Whiting to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

f f i y y f f f | OITR Al)VKHTlSi:HS I y f f t f f f f 


Measuring Tapes and Rules 

Every Icit provo ihcm superior lo oil other*. A trial will convince you 

the /ufk/n Pule fio. 





riHinTfini C "•»'«'— best materials 

V/lll \J 1 \J KJLitJ M d m, n. LONGEST SERVICE 



"Ohio TooU do the World', Work " 

Out catalog Numbci U may be had for the askioe. It liU.-. a very complete line ol 

Planes, both Iron and Wood Gouges 

Auger Bits Drawing Knives 

Chisels Spoke Shaves 

Bench and Hand Screws, Etc. 

Wood Working Machinery 

For rippine, cross-cuttine, miterine, rabbetintr 
srrooving, dadoing, boriner, scroll and band saw- 
iiifr. edge-moldine, beadinu, mortising, etc. 

Built for hard work, accurate, work and lone serv- 
ice. Send for catalogue "A." 

22 Water St. 

Seneca Falls Mfg. Go. 



That the best made shoes — the shoes made under the best 
manufacturing conditions — the shoes that best stand wear 
- — bear the Union Stamp, as shown herewith. 

Ask your dealer for Union Stamp shoes, and if he can 
not supply you write 

246 SUMMER ST., 

Boot & Shoe Workers' Union, 

When Whiting to Advebtisebs Please Mention This Magazine. 


Two Beautiful Homes 
15 Be Given Mm 











We also tell you how you 
can get a LOT FREE 


EVERY man has an ambition to own a home. 
But it is once in a life-time that an oppor- 
tunity like this is offered. Here an attractive, 
beautiful home is held out to you — it is within 
your grasp. 

Thousands and thousands of men and women 
work and toil for years to save enough money 
to build a home. It is a most laudable ambi- 
tion, and one which holds out the greatest 
possible happiness. For what can a man de- 
sire more than a comfortable, home-like home 
all his own? It is worth the toil and sacrifice 
of years, and the reward makes all the effort 
seem but light. 

Realizing this great and praiseworthy ambi- 

tion, the American Carpenter and Builder 

decided to place two beautiful homes within 
the reach of two men who, by their efforts, 
show that they are most entitled to them. 

It will be the work of only a few months to 
secure one of these homes — it will not take 
years to save the money. What a short cut for 
an ambitious and home-loving man! 

Before another snow flies you will be sitting 
at your own fireside, in a home that is all your 
own. No rent to pay, no interest to pay; no 
mortgage to lift. 

Remember, it is the man who sees and grasps 
the opportunity that is before him and is within 
his reach, who wins. 


THIS is the greatest offer ever made or ever even 
thought of. Two handsome homes are to be given away 
absolutely free to the two men who secure the largest 
number of subscribers to the American Carpenter and 
Builder before July 1, 1908. We pay you liberally for 
all the work you do in good solid cash, and in addition to 
this make you a present of a home. 

This is not all. There are also cash prizes amounting to 
$450. Think of it! Four Hundred and Fifty Dollars in 

This $450 and these two beautiful homes are all in addi- 
tion to a liberal cash payment for every subscription you 

Please take note of this important point — we make no 
stipulation as to bow many subscribers you must have to 
secure a home. We are taking all the risk. It may take 
only a very few. 

We want you to fully realize just what the wonderful 
offer means: 

FIRST.— Twenty-five per cent. (50 cents) on each sub- 

SECOND.— $50.00 a month if you secure the most sub- 
scriptions in that month. 

THIRD. — A beautiful and expensive home if you secure 
the most subscriptions during the contest. 

Even if by some possibility you should miss the first 
home, there is still another; and if you miss the $50.00 a 
month you will receive $25.00 if you get the second largest 
number of subscribers. You certainly can get the second 
if you miss the first. But you are not going to miss the 
first. Don't think that way for one minute. Just go In 
with a determination to win and you will win. And we will 
do all we can to help you win. 


American Carpenter and Builder 

191 Jackson Boulevard, Chicago 

When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

T? f ?"t ? ? ? 

Ol K Al)VKK'lISi:ilS 





w q o»11 \ "Mr attention hart t«. 
tool cvor in" in. -i to Rain 
i--r llutt lln 
Doon nnii Jamb*. 

m l.i- Iir<tnn1ly 

at tad . i i mi.) n HI cot 

out tin- newt for a bingo In om 

■ ■ ■ i .'ir, ,| V 

Unit 'i ■ ::.., LtlUdO 

or i if i tor, 1 1 

ptn and l** m- 
' ery way. It Ik n ado of 
uteri and 
you hi give it ii trlulmiil If m 

■ irn rj n 111 be rotarnecL 

Price by Mail, 50 cents 

The J. E. liowell Mfg. Co. 

918 I.inrrl St.. CINCINNATI. OHIO 


should carry his WORKING CARD every day in my Case with 
FOLDER containing the most practical Steel Square and Roof 

FOLDER in Cast with Pockets 25c 

DESIGNING. Finely Illuiir.tcd - 50c 

L. STODDARD, Sec'y 281, 328 W. Raymond St. , Indianapolis, lnd. 




Send today for our FREE book and descriptive matter telling all about the profits that can be made in the 
manufacture of concrete building blocks, window sills and lintels. Sand, water and cement 
only materials required. 

With a FRANCIS BLOCK MACHINE any man of ordinary ability can 
make from $8 to $15 a day. No capital or experience necessary. No loss 
of time necessary, work at your trade during busy season. 

Make the blocks in BAD WEATHER andduring slack limes, building up a perma- 
nent and profitable business. Concrete Blocks made by our "Berlin System ' are guaranteed 
damp-proof, frost-proof, fire-proof and will not crack or crumble. Contractors and builders 
in your town need your entire output. Write today for our Free Brick Machine Offer. 




Where not soid we will *end a sample Self-Setting Plane for trial, all express 
prepaid by us on receipt of list price. 

After trial if you prefer your money to the plane, for any reason, return the 
plane to us, as sent, at our expense within thirty days of receipt and we will return 
you the entire amount you sent us, and the trial will not cost you a cent. 

For one month a carpenters* pencil FREE, if this ad. is sent us when you 
write for circulars. Price on Carpenters* Pencils advanced January 1, 1908. Send 
for new price list. They are still lower than others, because they advertise our S. 
S. Planes. What a California carpenter says: 

SAN FRANCISCO, June 4. 1907. 

GAGE TOOL CO.. VineUnd. New Jersey. 

Dear Sir: — Some time ago I bought of you a smoothing plane XXX. 1 have 
never used a tool that gives such satisfaction as the Gage Self-Setting Plane, They are 
as near perfection as any plane can be made. If you know of any firm in S. F. handling 
your planes, please let me know, as I want to get a set of them, and if I cannot get them 
here will send to you for them. Please oblige 

Yours truly, 
133 Pierce Street. San Francisco, CaL F. A. BENTZ 

We sent Mr. Bentz the following names of dealers who sell our planes in San 
Francisco: Palace Hdw. Co. , PacificHdw.Sc Steel Co., Ed. Jones, Frick Wills Hdw. 
Co., and in Oakland, Smith Bros. Hdw. Co. and Montgomery Osborn Hdw. Co. 

Feb. 1-06. , Gage Tool Co., Vineland, N. J. 

ffffffffl OTJR ADVERTISERS |f f f f f f ffj 

Note the Temper of that Saw 

stand this test before it leaves our 
factory. CJ They've got to be the high- 
est quality of Steel and well made to 
pass our inspection <J We are the first 
and only Saw Manufacturers in the 
United States to put the Union Label 
on Saws ::::::::: : 

See That 
Label is 

on every 
Saw you 

and you will be sure to get a good 
article if it's made by WILSON — that's 
all. Now it's up to you : : : : : 

Wilson Saw & M'Pg. Co. 

Main Office and Factory 



Branch Agenciei 


When Whiting to Adveutisers Please Mention This Magazine. 

¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ or it advkhtishhh |\T¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ 


This complete Library of five volumes sent on 
approval. We return your dollar if not satis- 
fied anil will prepay all express charges both wavs 



5 Volumes. 1,500 Pages. 2,000 Illustrations. 200 Modern House Plans. 

This is the finest Library relating to Carpentry, Building and Architecture ever placed upon the 
market. It is the only Library of its kind ever SENT ON APPROVAL — and for ONLY ONE 
DOLLAR down and One Dollar per month for tour months. WE RETURN VOUR MONEY- IF NOT 
SATISFIED. This Library is bound in Red Morocco and English Olive Green Cloth, Gilt Tops. Gold 
Leaf Lettering. Every Contractor and Carpenter should have this Library because it treats of 
everything pertaining to the building of a house, besides containing 200 plans of low and medium 
priced houses, which will interest his customer as well as himself. Every Carpenter and Mechanic, 
young or old, will gain valuable information from it. 

A> Professional Men, such as Lawyers. Doctors, Ministers and Teachers, have their own particular 
libraries, to which it is necessary for them to refer from time to time to refresh their memories, so 
should every Contractor, Carpenter and Mechanic have his Library relating to Carpentry, Building 
and Architecture, to which he may refer when occasion requires. 




Enclosed please find One Dollar, for which send me. express paid, one set of the Radford Library, I 
agreeing to pay SI .00 a month for four months If 1 find the Library as represented, with the privilege of 
returning In five days If not satisfactory. 



Reference (This is not necessary with any business firm.) 

When" Whiting to Abvehtisebs Please Mention* This Magazine. 




How would it seem to have a 1 0-horse power, two cylinder, double 

chain drive machine with full leather top and storm 

curtains to ride around in at your will ? 

Will run through deep 
sand or mud, will climb 
any hill that any other 
machine will make. 

The only low priced 
machine with a differ- 
ential. With this car 
your troubles are prac- 
tically ended. 

36-inch wheels, high 
enough for comfort, 

low enough for 

beauty. so -inch 
road clearance, 

cushion tires, no rope 
drive to slip, no live 
axles, no pumps. 

The Lindsley Car 

Manufactured by 


This handsome $450.00 car is yours without the expenditure of one 

cent of money, providing you are willing to do a little 

hustling among your neighbors and friends. 


The National Builder 






Price, Postpaid, One Dollar 




Broadway-Chambers, New York 


The best tool yet devised for the purpose of 
Scraping Wood, and removing Paint. One 
man will do more and better work in a day 
with this tool than any two men can do, in 
the same length of time, by the old hand 
method. <f Finished in nickel or aluminum. 


BRITT & PAGE, W. Lynn, Mass. 

The Celebrated 


Unequaled by any other make 
for keen, smooth, hard cutting 
edges. Last a lifetime, and 
give satisfaction to the end. If 
your hardware dealer does not 
keep them, send to us for car- 
penter-tool catalogue. Be sure 
to specify ' ' Carpenter. ' ' 

MACK & CO., Sole Makers 

Rochester, N. Y. 




H C 

U C 


ARCH :: 1908 






First in Quality and 

Automatic Btops for holding ap baw« Oorru 
backs. Uruduated. 

Gauge for duplicate cats and man] 
other features. 

I IN ION MAHF ond the only one behrlns 
U1N1W1N IVl/AL'L the 1 \l"\ LABEL 

S KN 1' FOR <• I IM'I I. \ K '•!■'" 





You oan get a cheaper Bawflet than 
the Tulntor Positive because they 
make them cheaper. You cannot 
get a better one because better ones 
are not made. 

TRY IT " y°>> "I" » «'» °'n"» 

11\I 11 IfyoucWH.ktitlellUS 

Send for our free circular 
"Hints on the Care of 

Sold by the Tradm 

JOHN H. GRAHAM & CO., Sole Agents, 





Where not sold we will send a sample Self-Setting Plane for trial, all express 
prepaid by us on receipt of list price. 

After trial if you prefer your money to the plane, for any reason, return the 
plane to us, as sent, at our expense within thirty days of receipt and we will return 
you the entire amount you sent us, and the trial will not cost you a cent. 

For one month a carpenters* pencil FREE, if this ad. is sent us when you 
write for circulars. Price on Carpenters' Pencils advanced January 1, 1908. Send 
for new price list. They are still lower than others, because they advertise our S. 
S. Planes. What a California carpenter says : 

SAN FRANCISCO. June 4. 1907. 

GAGE TOOL CO.. yineland. New Jersey. 

Dear Sir: — Some time ago 1 bought of you a smoothing plane XXX. 1 have 

never wed a tool that gives such satisfaction as the Gage Self-Setting Plane. They are 

as near perfection as any plane can be made. If you know of any firm in S. F. handling 

your planes, please let roe know, as 1 want to get a set of them, and if 1 cannot get them 

here will send to you for them. Please oblige 

Yours truly, 

1 33 Pierce Street, San Francisco, Gsl. F. A. BENTZ. 

We sent Mr. Bentz the following names of dealers who sell our planes in San 
Francisco: Palace Hdw. Co., Pacific Hdw.& Steel Co., Ed. Jones.Frict Wills Hdw. 
Co., and in Oakland, Smith Bros. Hdw. Co. and Montgomery Osborn Hdw. Co. 

Feb. 1-08. Gage Tool Co., Vineland, N. J. 

A Monthly Journal for Carpenters. Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, 
Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries 

Entered February 13, 1903, at Indianapolis, Indiana, as second-class mail matter, under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 

Volume XXVIII— No. 3 
Established in 1881 


One Dollar Per Year 
Ten Cents a Copy 


Leawen ©f Laughter 


If mine be the leaven of laughter 

To mix in each measure of song, 
Ah, then I shall know that my music 

Is helping the sad world along; 
For every bright smile passing onward 

Is speeding away and away, 
To gladden all hearts with its sunshine, 

To cheer with its hope-giving ray. 

I crave but the leaven of laughter 

To mix in my every-day life, 
To lighten the routine of labor — ■ 

To lessen the care and the strife; 
Kind smiles I would scatter like sunshine, 

To bless every neighbor and friend, 
Until the bright, happy reflection 

Would cheer my own life to its end. 

I seek the gay leaven of laughter 

That hope may attend where I go, 
That out of my own consolation 

Sweet comfort for others may flow; 
We all need the leaven of laughter 

Wherever life's storm clouds may roll, 
The journey is fairer and brighter 

For laughter will leaven the whole. 

3 C 



(The (Earyrutrr 

Bj Jni k Plane. I 

HAV E been bo l"in; <*\ er in 
the ' ' coi ii' i ' ' Bhouting 

' • Ami'ii* "to the g i i 

said in i lie ' ' congregai ion 
about organi ed labor thai I 
wish ii generally known 1 'vc 
not been snoozing. Down in 
the Culver! Btrecl church the 
revival was going on. Big 
Bill Qreen, as the base ball- 
ist - incisure every stiir, ha I 
nol been Been or heard of for 
a long t i , and it was sup 

posed he hiiil gone to \v:ir. 

"Lor' lilrss yo', Mi-uiIiIit (irecn, whar's 
;•"' been dia long while?" shouted Sister 
Lucy Gale — a "shouter" from away back. 

"Working for the union, Sister Lucy," 
answered B. B. 

"And thar's whar I 's been — since I left 
Kansas City" — let me add. 

It isn't improbable that what T may say 
has been said over and over again. That 
don't matter. But did you ever see chick- 
ens that wouldn 't eat corn — green, ripe, 
white, yellow, or red. grain or ground? The 
trouble with me is, that T don't care a 
pretty word who reads what I have to say. 
so long as they read it from A to Z and — 
only I am afraid Parry-Post-Van Cleaveites 
will not read it twice. 

But here is what I wish to say — so read. 

A membership card in a labor union is, 
to those who have and hold them, as "good 
as gold," and as valuable as a church man's 
certificate of membership in the church of 
his faith, in so far as testifying to honor, 
industry and reputable standing. They are 
never issued to or held by strike breakers 
who are always at the mercy of their ab- 
sence. In my home city, a firm employing 
only union men, is erecting extensive build- 
ings on a half acre block. Each member 
has often been asked to join Van Cleave 's 
bunch of business busters, and as often has 
he turned down the agent. 

' ' ffe 're not bound. ' ' said the senior 
member, ' ' to employ or not to employ 
union men, but our experience is, that they 
are more reliable, competent, and, therefore, 

n desirable than non-unionists, and in 
variably we require thorn to Bbon lib b mem 
bership car. I before employing them." 

"Is thai the brief oi your require nt?" 

I aaked. 

• • No employer is w ise, ' ' be an 

"who risks his 11 | employing men with 

nut organization, skill and experience." 

•' Von don't agree with ' '. and VSfi, then," 

I intimated. 

"Beg pardon, I am Bpeaking of our firm 
and men. We work together. Our inter 
rsts are mutual, and the system between 
us provides good service ami profitable 

"But Mr. C. says it's si r non sen e to 

pi; dependence on union labor*" 

"Excuse me, Jack, but yon have my 
opinion.' ' 

His opinion was diplomatic. The firm T 
mentioned wis working non-unionists on a 
sky-scraper and had been ordered by the 
architects to put on a better class of me- 
chanics than then upon the building. Each 
firm's position was suggestive, the friendly 
one evidencing how necessary was a mem 
bership card, and the other how valuable 
such card would be to all workingmen. 

Senator Spooner often tells a Wisconsin 
' ' Lumber-Jack ' ' story. 

Peter Hansen had a very fine team which 
could "sled" more and heavier logs out of 
camp than any of his fellow teamsters. 

"Ay say, Pater," said Hans Olsen, "Af 
you sell me your team and sled Ay sell you 
my team and sled. ' ' 

"Ay tank you don't, Hans. Af you feed 
your team ane your sled mit corn, Ay tank 
you make more money." 

"And that," said the Senator, "is the 
difference between well-fed and well-paid 
and poorly fed and poorly paid labor, be- 
tween the article really worth having and 
that which is not. ' ' 

But, boys, the great value of organized 
labor and its ^membership card cannot be 
told in story, incident, or eloquent words. 
They go together and open a field in which 
all honest, fair and earnest wage-earners 
may acquire a fair share of life's happiness 


and prosperity. The true unionist will pre- 
pare himself by brave and constant vigi- 
lance, firm loyalty and unfaltering devotion 

(5fj£ (&nvpmtn 

to unionism, and no better way can he have 
this preparation than by having and holdjiig 
a membership card in his respective union. 


(By John B. Powell.) 

Naught nobler is than to be free ; 

The stars of heaven are free because, 
In amplitude of liberty, 

Their joy is — to obey the laws. 
From servitude to freedom's name 

Free thou thy mind in bondage pent, 
Depose the fetich, and proclaim 

The things that are most excellent. 

ET it be understood that this 
is a moral view of what is a 
calm and wise course for the 
"union poet" and his friends 
and every other true friend 
of organized labor to pursue 
and not a perfect and impreg- 
nable consideration of the 
laboring man 's constitutional 
rights simply and only for 
the reason that they are too 
many — really so many — that 
they can not be briefly enu- 
merated. All men, declares the Declara- 
tion o f Independence, are created 
' ' equal ' ' and are endowed, among certain 
rights, with ' ' life, liberty, and the pur- 
suit of happiness, ' ' while the consti- 
tution of the United States prohibts, 
without due process of law, among 
other things, the making or enforcing of 
any law abridging the ' ' freedom ' ' of 
' ' speech, ' ' of the ' ' press, " of " peaceable 
assembling" of the people, the right to 
petition for redress, their enjoyment, as cit- 
izens, of certain ' ' privileges ' ' and ' ' immu- 
nities, " and an "equal protection" of the 
laws. If these be among the rights of cit- 
izenship, it is assumed they form the 
foundation of a free and liberal govern- 
ment. The assumption, however, dissolves 
in doubt when a government, by its judi- 
ciary, prohibits one class of citizens from 
criticising as questionable, in moral and 
civil law, the course and conduct of another 
class, and yet permits the latter to indulge, 
without limit, in injurious, defamatory 
methods, means and language, goes farther 
and relieves employers of liability, clearly 
of their making, for bodily injury and loss 

of life, and finally grants them the right 
to exclude, as not among employment quali- 
fications, the principles of fraternal and in- 
dustrial brotherhood. 

While it is the characteristic of a despot 
to be everything and all powerful, it is not 
in the nature to long submit to his despot- 
ism. Nor will intelligent industry long per- 
mit its work to be grossly undervalued, its 
physical strength over-taxed and its right of 
redress denied. Men, in whose sight human 
energy and action should be stripped of all 
dignity and inherent rights and privileges, 
cannot expect to win and hold the love, 
honor and respect of those who suffer from 
such serious deprivations. The passions of 
a whole people may be kindled in a moment, 
and who can conceive the intensity of hatred 
that would naturally arise from unmeasured 
and maddening abuse? 

Organized labor does not deny it has 
made errors, but as the years of experience 
roll over its head their number grows less, 
its wisdom greater and its energies and 
activities more valuable to the country in 
developing resources and prosperity, and 
certainly it has right to moral, civil and in- 
dustrial recognition and power. Neither 
this journal nor this pen anticipates an 
ascending of any issue tending to destroy 
commercial or industrial life — but, in all 
candor, the people will — must — sooner or 
later, realize that standard labor, as elevated 
by 'organization, cannot and will not be 
forced into a realm of abject industrial 
slavery. The future is not so far away 
when all wage-earners will realize that in 
organization lies the real and only assurance 
of strength against the assailments of their 
wage and their industrial freedom. 

(Uljf (Earprutrr 


I.n Margaret Scott Hall.) 

KATKKMTY is the bond thai 
constitutes the atrength of 

;ill organized institutions. 
The value of co-operative of- 
furl lias been so thoroughly 
tested, and has proven so 
effective that it is no longer 
an experiment. Federation has 
become 8 fact as well as a 
fashion, and through its 
reality organizations' mission 
has made itself evident to the 
world. To keep pace with a 
fast age, individual strength proving in- 
adequate, became merged in corporation. 
Thus federation was at first a result of 
progress, but with time, its championship 
of the weak and helpless victims of cruel 
circumstances has established its mis- 
sion as an clement of progress tend- 
ing toward still higher results for the 

The labor union and its mission, as they 
really exist and as they have been so often 
grossly misrepresented, are now familiar 
subjects all over the country. No other 
combination of forces in any line of activity 
has received so much comment and criticism 
by the world at large as the labor union. But 
the antagonism its very existence aroused 
proves a help rather than a hindrance to 
the movement. Through the agitation of 
its enemies, the labor union received all 
the advertisement necessary to cause think- 
ing minds to study and investigate organ- 
ized labor and its motives. Its mission of 
mercy being rightly understood, it gradual- 
ly won the sympathy and respect of the 
general public. Many individuals, as well 
as other institutions striving for better con- 
ditions and the uplift of the people, now 
extend their cordial support and invite fra- 
ternal relations in the mutual struggle for 
the masses. 

The church and labor are laying aside un- 
just suspicions of each other's motives, and 
are drawing nearer together in their ef- 
forts for the common good. The evident 
impulse toward higher things has inevitably 
attracted to the labor union the approval of 
the best and noblest minds of the age. 

Christianity is said Id I"- the only abiding 
institution. What has mado it so? A de- 
voted spirit of brotherly love is the fundn 
mental principle of Christianity that has 
made it abiding. The same spirit of brother- 
hood animates the labor union, and so long 
as it faithfully fulfills its mission of love 
to humanity, so long will the world need 
the labor union and so long will it exist. 
Tho church and labor are closely allied, 
and the sooner that both realize that organ- 
ization for the good of souls — and organiza- 
tion for temporal welfare should stand to- 
gether for humanity — the sooner they will 
know that co-operation is essential for mu- 
tual success. More and more the denomina- 
tional prejudices of churches are yielding 
before the might of federation. Their dif- 
ferences of opinion on theological subjects 
are forgotten or forgiven in the larger plan 
of concerted action for the greatest good 
to the greatest number. Tn sum and sub- 
stance organized labor has a similar object. 
Then, shall the labor union be backward in 
meeting halfway the fraternal hand 
wherever outstretched in fellow feeling for 
the cause of humanity? Rather, the altruis- 
tic movement in economic endeavors has 
served to spread Christian principles and 
ideals among all industrial life. Improve- 
ment for the people is the mission of the 
labor union. Church and labor cannot con- 
sistently be hostile to each other. 

"Love is the fulfilling of the law," and 
the soul of fraternity is immortal, be it 
found in the United Brotherhood of the 
labor union or in the religious form of 
church fellowship. The labor union must 
live to fill its appointed mission, but it is 
with all mortal institutions as with their 
promoters. They serve their age and gen- 
eration in their own peculiar capacities, and 
when their work is done, pass away to ob- 
livion. In this age of hurry, rush and gush, 
for those interested in organized labor, the 
time seems all too short for the work that 
must be done ere the mission of the labor 
union be fully accomplished. 

Before we finish what's begun 
We note the setting of the sun. 

We barely have time to prepare ourselves 


for efficient labor in our chosen life-work 
before our little day is over, and we lay 
down our tools for some other to take up 
and perchance complete our unfinished task. 
But the mission of the labor union must 
succeed. The maxim of ' ' all for each, and 
each for all" that has for so long been the 
slogan of unselfishness in unionism, has re- 
tained its true meaning through panic and 
prosperity in the past, and the fidelity of 
brotherhood may be depended upon to stand 
whatever test the future has in store. 

Stye (Earpettfrr 

The mighty wave of financial uncertainty 
sweeping over the country has been called 
the rich man's panic — but before the storm 
subsides the poor, as usual, will receive the 
hardest and eruelest force of its fury. True 
to its principles, as in the past, unionism 
can but press forward, and may loyalty to 
labor's cause mark the ultimate victory for 

Who blesses others in his daily deeds, 
Will find the healing that his spirit needs; 
For every flower in another's pathway strewn 
Confers its fragrant beauty to our own. 


(By T. M. Guerin, 1st G. V. P.) 

for placing 

N this article I wish to call 
attention to a subject which 
I believe to be of the great- 
est .moment, not only to the 
men of our own craft, but to 
all mechanics, and to society 
in general. We, of the car- 
penter and joiner craft, know 
only too well that under pres- 
ent conditions it is almost im- 
possible to produce well- 
trained artisans. Trade 
unions are being condemned 
a limit on the number of 
allowed to' learn a given 

trade, though this course is highly 
beneficial to the trade and society at large. 
The unions insist on this limit know- 
ing from experience that where an 
unlimited or unreasonably large number 
of apprentices is employed, scarcely any one 
of them receives the proper training. And 
after all this limitation, under present con- 
ditions, after four years of apprenticeship 
very few skilled artisans are turned out. 
God only knows what the result would be 
without the restriction placed on the number 
of apprentices by the unions. 

Under present conditions, a boy has in- 
deed a slim chance to learn a trade. Very 
often the employer wants the apprentice 
only to do laborers ' work at boys ' wages, nor 
will he allow the journeymen to give the 
boy any advice or instruction during work- 
ing hours. And, as regards our trade, many 
of the boss-carpenters do not understand it 
themselves and, therefore, can not teach 
what they do not know, while those bosses 

who do know the trade will not teach the 
boy. Yet, these very employers will con- 
demn the union because of its attitude on 
the apprentice question, asserting that it is 
depriving the boy of the opportunity to 
learn a trade and denouncing the restric- 
tions in that respect as one of the abuses of 
labor unions. This has prompted me to 
write this article, which I hope will be read 
and well considered by our membership and 

When barristers were first appointed by 
Edward I, of England, they were styled 
' ' apprenticii ad legem ' ' — the Serjeants be- 
ing ' ' servientes ad legem ; ' ' and these two 
terms correspond respectively to the trade 
names of apprentices and journeymen. 

During the middle ages the term of ap- 
prenticeship was seven years, and this pe- 
riod was thought no more than sufficient 
to instruct the learner in his profession or 
craft, under a properly qualified master, 
teacher, or doctor — which names were 

The apprenticeship system dates back to 
about the twelfth century. In 1388 and 
1405 it is noticed in Acts of Parliament. 

By various subsequent statutes, provisions 
were made that seven years' apprenticeship 
was the normal term in the absence of spe- 
cial arrangement. By the 5th of Eliz. c. 4, 
this was made the law of the land, and it 
was enacted that no person should exercise 
any trade or mystery without having served 
a seven years' apprenticeship. 

In 1814 (54 Geo. Ill, c. 96), the appren- 
tice laws were wholly repealed. By the pro- 

(Sllfr (Earyrntrr 

listens of this person »:n given 

the fullest right to exercise any occupation 
or calling of a mechanical or trade kind 
for which he deemed himself qualified. 

Apprenticeship, therefore, which was for 
merly compulsory, has now become a volun- 
tary contract, it is stilf, however, the usual 
avcnuo to such avocations, because expe 
rience has shown thai ii is t h<- only . ■ n". ■ . • 1 1 1 : 1 1 
means of acquiring such a knowledge of the 
mechanical arts .-is Bhall enable a miin to 
exercise them with advantage. Tn tlic case 
of the learned professions, the principles 
:i n < i theories which gave birth to the api 
prenticeship system, and required appren- 
ahip or its equivalent, have — contrary to 

what lias taken place in trade 1 D BOt 

only maintained bul intensified; that is to 
say, not only have such bodies retained and 
even extended in some eases their exclusive 
privileges, but in general no one is allowed 
to practice in such professions unless his 
capabilities have been tested and approved 
by public authority. Thus, no man is al- 
lowed to practice law or medicine in any of 
their branches who has not undergone the 
apprenticeship by attendance at a university. 
Entrance to the church is guarded by simi- 
lar checks; so you see the old principle that 
was abandoned and condemned because of 
granting a monopoly to those in that trade, 
is maintained in greater vigor than ever 
by those of the profession. 

Dr. Adam Smith and most of his school 
strongly disapproved of apprenticeship, 
but only, as it would seem, when applied to 
trades and manufacturers. They urged that 
the apprenticeship system interfered with 
the property which every man has or ought 
to have in his own labor, and not only in- 
terfered with the liberty of the workmen, 
but with the liberty of the employer, — who 
was the best judge of the qualifications of 
the workman. They further argued that ap- 
prentice laws tended to restrict competi- 
tion to a much smaller degree than would 
otherwise enter the trade. They believed 
that apprenticeship in a trade was unneces- 
sary, even for the nicest of mechanical arts; 
that a few weeks or a few days were suffi- 
cient to enable a man to set to work in such 
trades as watch-making, and that the work- 
man should be paid the full price for the 
work (under a piece work system), and de- 
duction should be made from his earnings 

(or all material he might spoil from cure 

lessnoss or inoxperic They believed this 

would be better than an apprentice system, 
The abolition of the laws which rendered 
apprenticeship rj has not, as Dr. 

Smith and Ids followers thought, led to il 
disuse, tin the contrary, it has been volun 
tarily submitted to by such men as desired 
1 1> exercise a trade in a pmlit ; for the j >i 1 1 > 
lie were not long in discovering thai the 
regularly trained artisan was the only one 
whose work could be relied upon. 

I can not see why those principles of 
monopoly (as it is styled i, based on ascer- 
tained proficiency, which are so rigorously 
enforced in the learned professions, should 
not at least have seine application in the 
case of skilled artisans. It is worthy of 
notice that the rise of trades unions has 
been coincident with the fall of the com- 
pulsory apprenticeship system, thus indicat- 
ing that artisans feel the necessity for some 
more powerful and orderly protection than 
the mere operation of the blind principh 
of the law of supply and demand. 

I am sure that no practical man will to- 
day deny the advantage of apprenticeship; 
and I would not advocate the restoration 
of the old guild with their exclusive privi- 
leges; but I do advise the institution of 
some order or degree by which, in our trade, 
the workmen who passed through a regular 
apprenticeship may lie distinguished from 
the man who is not so qualified, for the man 
who has served his apprenticeship is the man 
who has brains enough to organize, while 
the other is only a tool in the hands of 
dishonest employers who want to lower the 
standard of living of the American work- 
men. This class of employers is forever 
condemning the union for not allowing the 
boys to learn the trade, declaring that we 
are un-American. 

Now, as a means to the end to test who 
is really the honest American, who it is who 
is law-abiding, the unions or the employers. 
I wish to offer the following, and I recom- 
mend, wherever our organization is strong 
enough, to enforce it. That no apprentice 
at all be allowed, unless such apprentice 
be indentured for a term of at least four 
years, in accordance with the laws of the 
state. And, where the apprentices are in- 
dentured, let the employer have as many 
of them as he chooses. They will not have 


many if you will see to it that the indenture, 
papers and laws will provide that the em- 
ployer must teach the boy the mysteries of 
the trade. The public will then realize who 
is looking out for the best interest of the 
boy; the union (where no obligation was 
placed upon the contractor), by setting a 
limit on the number of apprentices, in order 
that the boy might acquire knowledge of 
the trade, or the employer who does not 
want to teach the boy the trade, but merely 
wants to make a few handy men. 

Such employers will point to the latter, in 
the future, as just reasons why the minimum 
wage asked for by the union is too high for, 
such apprentices, who, naturally, make the 
poor mechanics. Why, then, it may be 
asked, if they are poor mechanics, do we 
allow them in the union 1 ? We don't, until 
they are forced upon us! The employer 
hires them during the busy season, calculat- 
ing that when work is dull, he can approach 
them and say, "Now, my friend, you don't 
seem to be a very good mechanic, and I be- 
lieve I will have to let you go, as I cannot 
afford to pay you union wages, but if you 
are willing to work for fifty cents a day 
less, I might be able to use you, ' ' and he 
gets him. Then he goes to the good me- 
chanic and tells him he will have to lay him 
off, as work is getting slack, and he cannot 
afford to pay high wages. This is good 
enough for the mechanic. A few days later 
the skilled artisan walks the street; the un- 
skilled workman is still at work. If the 
good man is hard pushed, by having a large 
family to support, he now realizes what 
the employer meant by saying he could not 
afford to pay the wages, and he offers him- 
self for less. Then, down again goes the 
wages of the poor mechanic. But the pub- 
lic will ask, Why do we take them into the 
union? Well, the employer hires them for 
the purpose as stated above, and it is up to 
the union to take them in or strike the job, 
and, nine times out of ten, we choose the 
smallest of the two evils and take them into 
the union. 

Our past is buried, but not forgotten; the 
present is with us, and we must act, for soon 
our present and our future will be reckoned 
with the past, so I recommend to my readers 
the drafting of an apprentice law that 
should be placed among the labor laws of 
every state in the Union. It is a draft of 

3ttp (Unvpmttx 

the apprentice law of the state of New 
York, with a few changes, that ought to 
be made in New York state. 

No. 1 — Definition. Effect of article. 

The instrument whereby a minor is hound 
out to serve as a clerk or servant In any trade, 
profession or employment, or Is apprenticed to 
learn the art or mystery ot any trade or 
craft, is an indentured. Every indenture 
made in pursuance of the laws repealed by 
this chapter shall be valid hereunder, but 
hereafter a minor shall not be bound out or 
apprenticed except in pursuance of this article. 

2. Contents of* indenture. Every inden- 
ture must contain : 

1. The names of the parties. 

2. The age of the minor as nearly as can 
be ascertained, which age on the filing of the 
indenture shall be taken prima facie to he the 
true age. 

3. A statement of the nature of the serv- 
ice or employment to which the minor is 
bound or apprenticed. 

4. The term of service or apprenticeship, 
stating the beginning and end thereof, 
"fwhich shall not be less than four years." 

5. An agreement that the minor will not 
leave his master or employer during the term 
for which he is indentured. 

6. An agreement that suitable and proper 
board, lodging and medical attendance for the 
minor during the continuance of the term 
shall be provided, either by the master or em- 
ployer, or by the parent or guardian of the 

7. A statement of every sum of money 
paid or agreed to be paid in relation to the 

8. If such minor is bound as an ap- 
prentice to learn the art or mystery of any 
trade or craft, an agreement on the part of 
the employer to teach, or cause to be careful- 
ly and skillfully taught, to such apprentice, 
every branch of the "ttrade, craft and" busi- 
ness to which such apprentice is identured. 
"fand the employer shall send the hoy to a 
technical trade school for industrial training 
for at least three months of each and every 
year of the minor apprenticeship, and the 
wages, board, etc., as contained in Section 6, 
shall be continued for these three months each 
year, the same as the balance of the year." 
and that at the expiration of such apprentice- 
ship he will give to such apprentice a certifi- 
cate, in writing, that such apprentice has 
served at such trade or craft a full term of 
apprenticeship specified in such indenture. 

9. If a minor is indentured by the poor 
officers of a county, city or town, or by the 
authorities of an orphan asylum, penal or 
charitable institution "tor by his parent or 
guardian," an agreement that the master or 
employer will cause such child to be instruct- 
ed in reading, writing and the general rules 
or 'arithmetic, and at the expiration of the 

*So in original. 

"t" New matter, not in New York state law. 

(Ultc (Earprntrr 

( r rm of service ho will glVfl tO iUCh DllOOr :i 

new bible. 

"fNo minors slmll be Indentured ns an up- 
prentice until they have nnchcd the age of nix- 
toon nnd received an elementary high school 
education." Elver; such Indenture shall be 
filed In the oillce of the county clerk of the 
county whore the mnstor or employer resides, 
"tand n copy of the papery shall he tiled by 
the employer or master with the secretary of 
any association composed of employes of the 
trade or craft In that county having for Its 
objects the advancement of the trade or craft 
to which the minor Is nn apprentice." 

(b) Indenture by Minor; by Whom Signed 
— Any minor may, by the execution of the 
Indenture provided by this article, hind him- 
self or herself 

1. Ag nn npprentlce to learn the art or 
mystery of any trade or craft for a term not 
less than "tfour" nor more than five years; or 

2. As a servant or clerk In any profession, 
trnde or employment for a term of service not 
longer than the minority of such minor, 
"tunless such Indenture he made by a minor 
coming from a foreign country, for the pur- 
pose of paying his passage, when such Inden- 
ture may he made for a term of one year, al- 
though such term may extend beyond the 
time when such person will he of full age." 

An indenture made In pursuance of this 
section must be signed 

1. By the minor. 

2. By the father of the minor unless he Is 
legally Incapable of giving consent or has 
abandoned his family. 

3. By the mother of the minor unless she 
Is legally incapable of giving consent. 

4. By the guardian of the person of the 
minor, If any. 

5. If there he neither parents or* guardians 
of the minor legally capable of giving consent, 
by the county judge of the county or a justice 
of the supreme court of the district, In which 
the minor resides ; whose consent shall he 
necessary to the binding out or apprenticing 
in pursuance of this section of the minor com- 
ing from a foreign country or of the child of 
an Indian woman, In addition to the other 
consents herein provided. 

6. By the master or employer. 

(c) Penalty for Failure of Master or Em- 
ployer to Perform Provisions of Indenture — 
If a master or employer to whom a minor has 
been Indentured shall fail, during the term of 
service, to perform any provision of such in- 
denture, on his part, such minor or any per- 
son in his behalf may bring an action against 
the master or employer to recover damages 
for such failure ; and. If satisfied that there Is 
sufficient cause, the court shall direct such 
Indenture to be canceled, and may render 
judgment against such master or employer for 
not to exceed one thousand nor less than one 
hundred dollars, to be collected and paid over 
for the use and benefit of such minor to the 
corporation or officers indenturing such minor. 

"t" Should he stricken out of New York 
state law. 

if so Indentured, and otherwise to tin* parents 

or gunrdlnn of the child. 

(d) Assignment of Indenture on Death of 
Mnstor or Employer — On the death of a 
master or employer 1" whom a person Is In- 
dentured by the poor officers of a municipal 
corporation, the personal representatives of the 
master or employer may, with will ten nnd 
ni'kiiow |e,|i;ed o, ii. .hi ,,!' such person, assign 
siuli Indenture and the assignee shall become 
vested with all the rights and subject to all 
the liabilities of his assignor; or If such con 
sent bo refused, the assignment may he made 
with like effect by the county Judge of ihe 
county, on proof that fourteen days' notice 
of the application therefor has been given to 
the person Indentured, to the officers by whom 
Indentured, and to his parent or guardian. If 
In the country. 

(el Contracts with Apprentices In Re- 
straint of Trnde Void — No person shall accept 
from any apprentice any agreement or cause 
him to be bound by oath, that after his term 
of service expires, he will not exorcise his 
trade, profession or employment In nny par- 
ticular place "tor Join any labor or other or- 
ganization ;" nor shall nny person exact from 
any apprentice, after his term of service ex- 
pires, any money or other thing, for exercis- 
ing his trade, profession or employment in 
any place. Any security given in violation of 
this section shall be void, nnd any money paid, 
or valuable thing delivered, for the considera- 
tion. In whole or In part, of any such agree- 
ment or exaction, may be recovered back by 
the person paying the same with Interest, and 
every person accepting such agreement, caus- 
ing such obligation to be entered Into, or 
exacting money or other thing. Is also liable 
to the npprentlce in the penalty of one hun- 
dred dollars, which may be recovered in civil 

Referring to conditions in the light cooper- 
age industry, the November Bulletin of the 
Forest Service says the following of special 
interest to the wood working trade: "White 
oak, the favorite material, is rapidly being 
exhausted, and the future of the industry 
depends upon its ability to utilize new woods 
or find satisfactory substitutes for wood. 
This condition is typical of practically all 
of the hardwood-using industries; all are 
trying to find new regions from which to 
replenish their supply of standard materials. 
Substitutes are also being eagerly sought. 
Some of the industries are successfully ac- 
commodating themselves to the new condi- 
tions, but unless steps are taken to produce 
as much material as is consumed some of 
the hardwood-using industries will not sur- 
vive and trades which have flourished for 
years will become extinct. 


0% (Ewcpmtzv 


(By H. L. F. Gillespie.) 
In the day of adversity consider. — Bible. 

; PERIODICAL "financial 
stringency" hangs over the 
world. The optimism of the 
press and the good sense of 
the people are scarcely able 
to avert a panic in America 
and consequent wholesale 
ruin of business interests 
with its heart-rending accom- 
paniment of abject poverty, 
followed by a permanent low- 
ering of the state of the la- 
boring and middle classes of 
the land, or by a more desperate struggle 
for justice than America has yet known. 

There is ' ' not enough money to do 
the business of the country. ' ' Radical, 
energetic measures of government and 
banking interests barely promise to tide 
us over. Farm mortgages alone are 
unfeared and even they have suffered in 
the ' ' shrinkage ' ' of industrial and pro- 
motive securities because money is ' ' scarce ' ' 
to invest in the absolutely sa^fe industries 
which land securities represent. It is said 
that $300,000,000 represents the shrinkage 
of stocks in New York, which means that 
banks and all other institutions holding 
these stocks as investments and securities 
for money belonging to savings depositors 
jor- trust funds, are not able to realize by 
about that much the cash which they jrat 
into them. This seems to be the immediate 
cause of the stringency. And there is no 
remedy for their credit, which is thus "as- 
sassinated. ' ' Economy is the forced policy 
of wage-earners, and also of every organiza- 
tion that depends upon borrowed capital, 
which means most of the building, manu- 
facturing, mining and railroad business of 
the country. 

Industrial progress has halted; yet there 
is just as much money in the land now as 
a year ago, not counting the mighty 
volume of imported gold and the extra and 
unusual measures which have added direct- 
ly to the circulating medium and indirectly 
by bringing into circulation the hoarded 
savings waiting for patriotic and secure in- 

The climate remains ideally good and 

promising, soil is still fertile and natural 
resources are only scratched, untold wealth 
awaits development. Thousands and hun- 
dreds of thousands of willing, able and hon- 
orable workers still have strength and desire 
to wrestle from nature her bounties of 
treasure and the whole people want, need and 
are anxious to buy the products of farm, 
factory, mill, field, ocean, forest, mine and 
stream. But where is the money to pay 
for their labor so that they can exchange it 
for that which they want? The people have 
not hoarded it; they live upon the theory 
that money is good only for what it will 
get for their life and daily needs. The peo- 
ple have done their full share to keep money 
in circulation ; they have trusted their em- 
ployers to return it to them through in- 
dustrial and honorable channels for their 
future needs. The people have invested 
their surplus in about everything from the 
"old reliable" savings bank at 3 per cent, 
and the rock-like insurance companies to 
the wildest of get-rich-quick schemes, all of 
which have speedily reinvested the people's 
savings (at a higher rate) in "gilt edge" 
bonds, lands, chattels . or wining and dining 
one another. Still only one capital of civ- 
ilization, Paris, remains impregnable to the 
serious and threatening conditions of the 
financial world. There is danger in the air. 
The pinch of hunger, the hardship of ex- 
treme economy has already struck the farm- 
er in decreased prices, the stock shipper in 
tremendous losses, merchants in falling off 
of trade, and the laborer without his ac- 
customed pay day, facing no decrease, if 
not actual increase in cost of food and 
clothing, and, wherever he seeks work so 
that he can exchange his only stock in trade 
for his bodily needs to be told, "nothing 
doing," or a suggestion that he accept de- 
creased wages for the little that he finds to 
do. An almost irresistible pressure is 
brought upon all workmen to work for less 
wages than formerly. 

Such things happen periodically. In the 
present and last instance, hard times have 
immediately followed a period of great 
prosperity and of strenuous and threatening- 

uJlir darprntrr 

l_v successful efforts for justice to the work 
Ing and middle classes of the i pie. 

Industrial history is 01 t eternal con- 

flicl between capital and labor with Bevere 
and critical periods of which the pn 
is a peculiar sample, peculiar in the ap 
parent distance and disinterestedness of 
capital. If it be said that if capital is the 
aggressor or a party to the strife that it 
is so bj forces which it neither understands 
nor controls — the same can also be sn i . I of 
labor — with the probabilities that it is true 
to a greater extent. 

There may be something fundamentally 
wrong with the currency and bank system 
in that bankers have suffered in common 
with the people — though they will not in 
any large numbers be brought to want. 
There is perhaps something wrong with leg- 
islation or in its attempts to control public 
industries, in that it is made a victim to un- 
due influences, to lobbying and political 
ambitions or it may be mistaken in the 
policy it pursues for impartial justice and 
have frightened capital away, although this 
remains to be proven. The psychology and 
morality of the world is doubtless at fault, 
and it may lie a combination of all these 
things that brings on the trouble which can 
only be removed by general education and 

The facts are that gold is the only real 
money there is in the world, its natural pro- 
duction has kept pace with the increase of 

population to Bueh an cxtonl thai it is as 
capable of conducting the business of ex- 
ehange of value qow as it has ever been. 
The gold of the world, or thai which is con- 
vertible into il al will, is practically owned 
by the Rothschilds of Europe, and bj Eta ke 
feller, Morgan and a few associated Inter- 
ests in America. These interests are liter 
ally able to make war or declare peace be- 
tween nations and much the more arc they 
able to "give" employment to labor, to 
turn the wheels of industry and progress or 
to stop them. These interests, these men, 
are not threatened with personal wan) or 
with loss in the present situation. They 
have .-lire;! civ made givat gains and stand 

ready to purchase the bonds of any legiti- 
mate industry — at their own prices. The 
question is, are the owners of the gold 
money of the world holding it. back from 
industrial investment, the work of com- 
merce, manufacture, mining and building, 
so that the people will suffer until they 
work for less wages than formerly, or, are 
they holding it back because they fear to 
trust the people to return to them a fair 
day's work, a just interest, rent or divi- 
dend? Or, arc the real financiers of high 
altitude playing hide the button with those 
of lesser altitude for their own amusement, 
being such as those who "pluck the father- 
less from the breast, and take in pledge 
that which is on the poor?" 


(By W. J. 

IN the times we are passing 
through the question natural- 
ly arises, Are we doing what 
we can as union men to main- 
tain and extend the strength 
of our organization? If not, 
my advise would be, get busy, 
brothers. We do not want to 
' lose sight of the fact that the 
union is strengthened with 
the addition of every new 
member and weakened by the 
loss of every old member. Let 
us then with this view in sight and 
with interests at stake, show by our 
activeness, the securing of new mem- 
bers, also the producing of that kind 



of management necessary to the holding in- 
tact of the present membership. The gen- 
eral conditions responsible to trade union 
effort depends on increasing the strength of 
the organization. It is a grave mistake on 
the part of many members of labor unions 
to think that personal effort is unnecessary 
and that they can do their share in building 
up the organization by simply paying their 

To assume this standpoint and to per- 
sist in it must end in dry rot, decay and 
death to the hopes of those concerned. The 
things traceable to trade union successes 
cannot be purchased by merely paying the 
dues and assessments, any more than reli- 
gion can be secured by renting a pew in 


a church. Members owe the union personal 
service if the spirit of their obligation is to 
be maintained. The effective lines to op- 
erate from, are : To speak a good word for 
the organization. To attend the meetings 
faithfully. To invite the non-union char- 
acter to mend his ways, and general mat- 
ters of that nature. By giving attention to 
these things, they will lead to a higher 
numerical strength, and a better social and 
financial condition of the union. One of the 
truisms that we must bear in mind at all 
times, is, that our movement cannot stand 
still. It is always in motion, either going 
forward or backward. Its members may, 
at times, stand still, but even when a wave 
of inactivity strikes the members the organ- 
ization keeps moving, but its movement is 
backward, the direction that ultimately 
means a cessation of its motion because 
death has overtaken it. 

Are we doing all we can do to keep the 
orders moving forward, or, are we standing 
still depending on the other fellow, assuming 
a position of inactiveness that is helping to 
push the union along the road which may 
lead to sacrifice but also to our hopes and 
ambitions ? 

The year is now well started; the new offi- 
cers are by this time accustomed to their 
duties and undoubtedly are working up. to 
the expectations of the membership. The 
desire that animates our officers is to re- 
turn a better organization, at the termina- 
tion of their administration, than that 
which was handed to them when first honored- 
with the position. Their success or failure, 
in this particular, generally lies with the 
membership. The success of. every partner- 
ship, and there must be a partnership in 
this case, depends upon the activity of the 
members as a whole. If there is not a will- 
ingness to share in the responsibility, each 
assuming his part, the result will naturally 
be, non-productiveness of the enterprise. 

We are all equal as members of the trade 
union. Our success depends on the faithful 
discharge of our mutual obligations and 
duties. The officers of the union carry, 
perhaps, a larger share of responsibility 
than the others, but every member is re- 
sponsible for the success or failure of the 
officers' administration. The importance of 
this end of the work determines our condi- 
tion nationally. With the local member- 

Sty? (Earpetttrr 

ship well organized, well managed and well 
disciplined, we represent divisions of a force 
that when welded together into an interna- 
tional bond creates the power necessary to 
continuous progress. 

There are further advances necessary, 
other heights to attain, and in the reaching 
out, possibly never in the history of our 
movement has there been greater need of 
vigilance and conservative action, based on 
a determination to do the right thing, in the 
right way, than at present. And, judging 
from the condition industrially, we may ex- 
pect for the next year or so the effects of 
falling markets. Our unions have made 
tremendous strides during the past few 
years, owing to favorable conditions and 
wise guidance, but we are going through a 
time when a determined effort is being made 
to wrest from us the many advantages 

We note the effect at present, as demon- 
strated in the activeness of the Citizens' 
Alliance Association, they presuming, prob- 
ably, that a fluctuating industrial condition 
will cause a fluctuating consideration by the 
union character of the union's principles. 
It is up to our membership to show what 
association has done for them in the matter 
of enlarged intellect. We are, surely, too 
well versed in trade union necessity to per- 
mit of any depreciation of our cause. We 
have built a structure, massive and grand, 
antagonized by some people who, today, are 
blind to its beneficent worth, because they 
presume their own, way is, peihaps, made a 
little more difficult. Notwithstanding these 
criticisms, the whole structure stands more 
firmly as the years roll on, and society is ap- 
preciating our constructive work more and 

It is a duty and privilege of those who 
have aided in the building of this necessary 
structure to continue their work enlarging it 
as necessity requires, strengthening every 
pillar, embellishing all its parts, until it 
stands as a perfect and complete protection; 
as a guarantee of safety to conditions, ban- 
ishing irregular employment, providing a 
wage sufficient to shut off the possibility of 
hunger and want. The further needs of our 
organization are represented in these addi- 
tions. Are you doing your full duty in 
helping on the movement in its effort to 
still further elevate the craftshipt 

uJltr (Ear^trutrr 

i By Homo Gene.) 

\ii\\ declare this meeting 
duly adjourned— unless Bpe- 
.iiiiy called — until <>iir nexl 
regular meeting, when I hope 

1.1 See s ,.|| -ill present. ' ' U. 1. 

the words of our worn and 
disc aged president. Only 

a few wore mil that night. 

In fact, we waited ten ruin- 
nil's ut the beginning before 
u e had a quorum, and for a 
long time before it had 
seemed that all, interest bail 
died out. Once a quarter we had a full 
house on account of a fine for non-attend- 
ance that night, but ordinarily of late it 
was discouraging, indeed. 

Our President was a very worthy man — 
tiot always understood of course — but loyal 
and honest, a strict disciplinarian. He 
could quote any section of the constitution 
and always insisted on going in strict accord 
with that worthy document. He had been 
in the labor movement since — no one knew 
when — but he was discouraged. 

The night after McGilian was killed by 
a falling timber, the boys were out almost 
to a man. The Penny Post had an account 
of the accident. "Mack" was popular with 
the boys and — well, the house was full. 

The regular order of business dragged ou 
— or seemed to — until the President read: 
' ' Are there any accidents, sickness or deaths 
to report?" The hum of whispering ceased; 
you could have heard a pin drop. In two 
or three seconds Jake Williams stood up, 
cleared his throat, coughed a little, changed 
from one foot to the other, and finally got 
started. "Mr. Chairman, I witnessed a 
very shocking and sad scene today." 
Again he faltered and choked up a little, 
but went on. "Brother McGilian — you all 
know what a big-hearted fellow he was. 
When they called up the hoist that 'Mack' 
was hurt, I slid down the rope and there 
he was, sure enongh. I got through the 
crowd to him, and we carried him to where 
he could get a breath of air. We pillowed 
him with some coats on a door, got water 
and wet his face and head. ' ' Again Jake 
failed for a few seconds, but disconnected- 

ly told how they telepl I th rner 

grocer near " Mack 's, " to go over and tell 
Maggie that's Black's wife -that "Mack" 
was hurt, ami "we would bring him home in 

a ahorl while." ''(In the way. in Hi. 111 

pany's wagon, lie kept saying, 'Poor, | r. 

Maggie. What will she ami the children 

.In.'' \fler .i short time he asked why it 
»:i-, getting so dark, and then lay still. I 
ih. n't think he fell DIUCfa pain; lie didn't — " 
Again .hike broke down ami cried for good, 
and a whole lot of our buys were shading 
their eyes and waiting to hear the rest of 
the story. When he got started again, he 
said: "Maggie is a strong woman, and 
sensible. But when the worst was known, she 
just stood and stared; nut a word or a tear. 

It would have been a relief to her, but 

Well, we got her in a chair, and carried 
them both into the house. While we were 
working with her, the children eame run- 
ning from school — four of them — the oldest, 
ten years of age. Six all told, the baby 
at the breast and another not three years 
old. ' ' Again Jake stopped, and this time 
sat down. Our President was wiping his 
eyes. After a full minute the President 
asked as to their financial condition and 
what, arrangements had been made for the 
funeral. And, would you believe it, he made 
no objections to our drawing one hundred 
dollars out of the treasury — we have a con- 
tingent fund now — to be replaced as soon 
as we could hear from headquarters and 
get his death benefit." 

To make a long story short, then and 
there we found the roots started which grew 
into a Mutual Aid and a Ladies' Auxiliary 
Society, a good strong contingent fund, and 
we are building our own meeting place — ■ 
the old hall being too small for us. 

Jabez Ballard said the other night, 
' ' Boys, I never knew how really lovable 
you all were until after poor 'Mack' 

Xo, there is not a scab carpenter in town. 
We absorbed them. 

Far aloof 
From envy, hate and pity, arid spite and scorn. 
Live the preat life which all our greatest fain 
Would follow. — Lucretius. 


aty? (&ntpmttx 


(By Kenneth Ofstedel.) 

WORKMAN should never be 
idle. True, employment for 
wages may not be had at 
times. Often, especially dur- 
ing dull seasons or periods 
of business depression, it is 
almost impossible to procure; 
but even then idleness can 
and should be avoided. 

Such periods afford oppor- 
tunities for brushing, scour- 
ing and polishing the mental 
faculties, thus developing 
those forces within us that too frequently 
— yea, even habitually — are neglected, 
while prosperity makes constant demand 
upon our time. 

While employed a toiler's mental and 
physical energies must be concentrated on 
his work, otherwise the result of his efforts 
will be unsatisfactory. His "off" hours 
are generally divided between recreation 
and rest. After a day's hard labor he is 
not in trim for strenuous intellectual ex- 
ercise. The daily paper, monthly maga- 
zine or craft-periodical; then sometimes a 
novel, furnish nearly all the mental nourish- 
ment he can assimilate; hence his intel- 
lectual machinery becomes rusty. 

Let a period of non-employment become 
an occasion for over-hauling. Let the work- 
man put his ship into dry-dock, and ex- 
amine into its defects. Let him look well 
whether the bottom be clean or foul. If it 
be the latter, he will do well to scrape it, 
remove the barnacles and make it sea- 
worthy. A foul bottom is a serious im- 
pediment to the ship's sailing. So with the 
workman. He should be clean, intelligent 
and educated. His character should be 
above reproach, and the range of his in- 
quiries should not be limited to matters per- 
taining to his own trade, but should include 
all questions that agitate the thinkers of 
his day. Not only so, but he should also 
get in touch with the great thinkers of the 
past. Thus as an individual — part of a 
great whole — he should endeavor to expand 
— that is the word. His sphere should be 
an ever widening circle. 

Knowledge is power. He who acquires it 

forges ahead; but knowledge comes only to 
him who seeks it. A workingman's greatest 
weakness is ignorance — always has been. 
He is on a lower rung of the social ladder 
because his ignorance keeps him there. 
When he awakens — and may God hasten the 
time — he will climb upward, ever upward 
until he comes into his own. But so long 
as he makes no effort to become an intel- 
lectual force in society he must remain 
where he is. Nothing will be brought him 
on a platter; what he gets he must acquire. 

The battles of the past have been fought 
with crude weapons of stone, bronze, iron 
and steel, and the strongest have won. The 
battles of the future will be fought with 
weapons of intellect and the contest will end 
in the survival of the fittest. 

Knowledge is not only power; it is 
wealth. He who knows will take the choice 
morsels. The ignorant must take the 
crumbs. He may grumble at his hard lot; 
he may denounce the iniquity of the present 
social system; he may with good reason 
complain of the injustice done him; it will 
help but little; the only way out is "to get 
out" and "get up" the tree of knowledge. 
Climb it; eat of its fruit, and ye shall be 
like unto your maker. 

Then it is happiness. In true knowledge 
is joy. He who by patient study, careful 
thought and reflection has been able to catch 
a glimpse of the divine arrangement of 
things; he who has seen the vastness of the 
universe, the beauty of the rose; he who 
has heard the laughter of the brook, the 
rushing of the river, the din of the ocean 
and the gentle sighing of the summer 
breeze; he who has beheld the fury of the 
storm, and heard the roar of thunder, and 
knows that in all these speaks the voice of 
the Almighty — I say, he who knows that, 
is happy. 

This happiness none can take from us. 
In the realms of thought courts have no 
jurisdiction. No injunctions can restrain 
us from thinking, nor from reading or pre- 
paring ourselves for the coming fray. And, 
let us prepare ourselves well, so that when 
time for action comes, we will be able to 
drop bombs into the enemy's camp from 

GJlir (Uarprntrr 

an airship, instead of pelting him with college days, Loi n* read, think and gron 

brickbats from behind :i crude barricade. intellectually, and we shall s enter into 

Lei "nr idle days then be tamed into our own. 


(By .T. B. Potts.) 

II E financial nnd moral energy 
now being displayed by em- 
ployers' and other associa- 
tions in a frantic efforl to dis 
rupl labor organizations i s 
astonishing to any fair-mind- 
ed citizen, and more so to the 
trades unionists. All mem- 
ber- of trades anions should 
In' fully made cognizant of 

i he employers ' ( e nts iu 

this onslaught, anil, for eth- 
icol and other reasons, devise 
ways and moans to protect themselves and 

rve their organizations. 

The truism of the axiom, "Self-preserva- 
tion is the first law of nature," has never 
more strongly asserted itself than at the 
present time and our slogan must be, "In 
times of peace prepare for war!" 

We, the Brotherhood of Carpenters and 
Joiners, have an organization numerically 
strong but financially weak. We should 
have at least one million dollars in a re- 
serve fund from which to support our mem- 
l.ers during a strike or lock-out. Had we 
a fund of this kind, we would have fewer 

The antagonistic employers who are com- 
bining their brains and their wealth with 
a design to disrupt trade unions will, if 
possible, throw the working people into a 
state of slavery worse than that prevailing 
before the civil war, and they will stop at 
nothing to attain their desires. They would 
even go as far as to disrupt the present form 
of government if it would serve their ends. 
They employ high priced lawyers to do their 
biddings in the halls of CongTess, State 
Legislatures and the courts of justice. Nor 
are they over particular to stretch the law 
to suit their side and interests. In fact, 
were it not for the advice given them by 
our judges, who, in nine cases ont of ten, 

are with thd corporations, they could never 
win o case. 

Looking at the injunctions and restrain- 
ing orders thai have been, and arc being 
issued against labor organizations every day, 

one can aol hel] ming to the elusion 

thai al] hope for the working people of 
getting justice in court has vanished. 

By the way, we should bear in mind that 
the method of issuing injunctions in labor 
disputes was first introduced in 1888, and 
the judge who then issued the injunction 
and dealt this severe blow to organized la- 
bor is the same who today is aspiring for 
the highest office in the land. 

When a judge takes the oath of office, he 
is compelled to take an obligation that he 
will enforce the constitution of the United 
States of America. Yet, after taking such 
obligation, most of the judges begin to ride 
roughshod over the laws and make new laws 
according to their views in the case, and in- 
variably such judge-made law is upheld by 
the higher courts. Thus, the working peo- 
ple are deprived of their liberties and re- 
strained in the pursuance of happiness, in 
the enjoyment of privileges guaranteed 
every citizen by the United States constitu- 

By abusing their power in the issuing of 
injunctions, these judges have placed the 
most powerful weapon that could be thought 
of in the hands of unscrupulous employers 
and, if the abuse is allowed to continue, it 
will cost the different states hundreds of 
thousands of dollars in disposing of injunc- 
tion cases alone. 

Our judiciaries seem to have forgotten 
that the er- 1 - colonists dared to boycott a 
king rather tnan pay a tax and even sacri- 
ficed their lives in their strife for better 

What was right for the colonist to do, 
and was held up as patriotism, is, however, 
not right for the working people to do to- 


day. There is certainly no consistency in 
these judges' conception of right or wrong. 
But, to a certain extent, the working people 
have themselves to blame for this state of 
things — it lays in their power to change un- 
just conditions before they become unbear- 
able, which they have failed to do. The 
working people, being the producers of all 
wealth, are entitled to a comfortable living, 
decent homes and a remuneration for their 
services sufficient to lay a little aside for 
their maintenance in old age, and nothing 
can hinder them to accomplish this if they 
act together for the preservation of their 
trades unions. By doing that, they protect 
their homes, their families and their coun- 
try; for no country can prosper where a 
system of slavery exists and low wages and 
long hours obtain. 

Through the hostile attitude towards la- 
bor organizations of our courts and judi- 
ciaries, the labor situation has become so 
serious that the concerted action of all 
trade unions in the protection of their in- 
herent rights and liberties is now an impera- 
tive necessity. 

The enemies of organized labor have 
entered upon a warfare such as the world 
probably has never seen; they will spend 
any amount of money to bring the living 
of the laboring people down so low that 
no civilized being can exist. 

The Employers' Associations stand for 
long hours, low wages, no education, no pro- 
tection of life and limb in mills, mines or 
shops, and for hovels for the working peo- 
ple to live in. 

Trade unions, on the other hand stand 
for anything that is honest, noble and just. 

In case of war with another country, the 
enemies of organized labor, these men with- 
out souls and devoid of genuine patriotism, 
show themselves in their true light. Hav- 
ing the means to do so, they retreat to a 
safer place until the trouble is over, while 
we poor mortals must remain and fight for 
our homes, as was shown in the Civil and 
Spanish wars, when whole unions enlisted in 
a body. 

As to the course to be pursued by the 
trade unions to maintain their integrity, to 
put a stop to the injunction abuse and 
hostile court decisions, I, for one, would 
suggest the following: 

In the first place, elect your own members 

Sty? (Earpettter 

to office in the city, state and nation, so 
that working people may have a say and can 
assist in the framing of laws. Define the 
power of the judiciaries in contempt and 
injunction eases. Have all such cases tried 
by a jury, a privilege which is accorded 
even the lowest type of criminals. Don't 
let it be maintained that, in this glorious 
country, a criminal has more rights in the 
courts than a trade unionist. 

Abraham Lincoln, when he signed the 
proclamation decreeing the emancipation of 
the black slave said that the time 
would come when the whites would have to 
be emancipated. This time, in my opinion, 
is here now. 

The brightest men in the land have stated 
that the judges have carried the injunction 
and contempt practices too far. 

It is also a well-known fact, that when 
the lawyers present a bill to the state or 
national legislature, its provisions are made 
so that, if they so desire, they can drive a 
team of horses through them. 

Therefore, it is absolutely necessary that 
trade unionists see to it that no man is 
elected to public office who has betrayed 
them in the past, irrespective of his party 

Coming back to our own organization, 
and in conclusion, I wish to say to our 
members, don't fret over the small tax we 
are paying to the General Office. Be mind- 
ful of the fact that, in many instances, the 
equivalent of that tax is returned two and 
three fold to the Local Unions. We will 
have to be more self-sacrificing than we have 
been in the past; we must create a strong 
defense fund for future need. 

Let us extend the hand of fellowship to 
our brothers in any emergency, and assist 
them in every way possible. Let us look 
after them during sickness or when death 
should visit them, as it may visit us, when 
we least expect it. 

Labor organization is the peer of any 
organization in the world and, as such, must 
maintain its reputation. Each one of us 
must fulfil his obligation and do his share 
in defense of and for the preservation of 
our trade union. Only through well 
equipped and solid organization will the 
working people ever be able to secure 
economical freedom and protect their liber- 
ties and rights. 

<Hlir (Haryrntrr 


(By Thomns Hickey.) 

TRADES union, or branch 
thereof Hint holds aloof from 

the parent organization or 

kindred trades, is like n 
house built on sand. It can 
not weather tho Btorms thai 
never fail to strike its vul- 

nerable parts, nor can it with- 
stand the attacks of the in 
visible enemy ever lurking 
under ground, and in time it 
will tremble and fall. With- 
out a solid foundation and 
left to its own limited resources the inde- 
pendent, isolated union becomes an easy 
prey to the elements which lack neither 
ammunition nor energy in the efforts to 
destroy labor organization. 

Yet, unfortunately, there are some na- 
tional trade unions who go it alone refus- 
ing to affiliate, claiming to be strong enough 
to carry themselves to the goal of fair liv- 
ing, to maintain humane working condi- 
tions, decent hours and wages, with clear- 
ance to provide for a rainy day. 

There are also some unions of mere local 
character which are proud to be called 
' ' Independents, ' ' and refuse to affiliate 
with their national or international organi- 
zation. Such unions, though they may tor 
a time be successful (generally being used 
as a tool by the employer), will soon find 
themselves shaken by their very indepen- 
dence, and they totter and fall. And the 
larger the organization the more terrible 
the catastrophe will be. 

Let us picture for a moment a house or 
structure where the different materials it 
is to be built of would refuse to assemble. 
■What would a brick wall be should the 
mortar refuse to attach to the brick? Not 
a substantial wall I am sure. And what 
would mortar be if not brought in contact 
with masonry on account of its adhesive 
power? A heap of rubbish. 

Supposing the wood, the iron or other 
materials were to be independent, what 
kind of a house would result? A meaning- 
less mass. And what would we think of the 
man who designed such a structure! He 

would very soon find himself in a padded 
room as unsnfe and dangorous. 

What, then should we think of leaders of 
these unaffiliated unions who arc living in 
houses built on sand and because the 
weather happens to bo favorable, preach 

Should we not rather turn to the sane 
and far-thinking men who preach union for 
all trado organizations, to the leaders who 
tell you that the weak sister union which 
you assist today, may grow strong, and 
when adversity comes to you will return 
the favor by extending a helping hand? 

How often, fellow unionists, do you find 
the employers divided; yet, even though 
they may be bitter rivals in business mat- 
ters, when the Builders' Exchange meets to 
consider a demand from the men for an in- 
crease in wages or a reduction in hours, 
they always act as a unit. You don't find 
the boss bricklayer at odds with the boss 
carpenter; they know their interests are 
identical and that in order to protect these 
interests successfully they must act unitedly. 

Let trades unions then copy from the 
book of corporations and present a united 
front in all matters. Let us show our em- 
ployers that we are what we proclaim our- 
selves — "brothers." By so doing we will 
give our house a sound and solid founda- 
tion; our organization will then be built on 
the rock of unity instead '"/» the sands of 

The Creed of Brotherhood. 

Of all the creeds of all the earth 

That various minds profess. 
The one that serves the human race 

Gives purest happiness. 
A total of all other creeds 

It practices their good, 
And claims but little for Itself — 

This creed of Brotherhood. 

Of all the sins that we commit, 

Besides those we confess. 
There are the faults of other folk 

That oft outlives distress : 
Then 'mid temptation, toll and strife, 

Peace comes in doing good — 
The creeds combined that serve mankind 

Are found in Brotherhood. 


Tlie Carpenter 


The United Brotherhood 


Carpenters and Joiners of America 

Published on the 15th of each Month at the 


Indianapolis, Ind. 





Subscription Price. 
One Dollar a Year In Adrance, postpaid. 

Address all letters and monej to 


P. O. Box 187 - - - - Indianapolis, Ind. 


The decision of the United States Su- 
preme Court applying the Sherman anti- 
trust law to the ease of Loewe against the 
officers and members of the Danbury Hat- 
ters' Union, is causing much excitement 
and consternation in labor circles. Trades 
Unions, which have nothing whatever to sell, 
and their individual members who have 
nothing but their labor-power to sell, are, 
by this decision, declared to be trusts and 
boycotting is declared unlawful. It implies 
that a boycott by a union exposes every 
member of the union to the payment of 
damages in an amount three times that of 
the damages actually inflicted. The decision 
is, indeed, an American Taff-Vale decision. 
But, will it have the same effect upon our 

people as the Taff-Vale' decision had on our 
brothers in Great Britain? Since this deci- 
sion was rendered, the British workingmen 
have become a factor in politics. Will we. 
follow their example? 

Recent reports from Bureaus of 
Charities in the larger cities show that 
idleness among the working populations has 
not abated but increased during the month 
of February. In New York state the per- 
centage of idleness among members of la- 
bor unions, as shown in the quarterly bul- 
letin of the State Department of Labor, 
was higher on October 1 last than in any 
other year since 1900. There were 4.9 per 
cent, idle in 1905, and 5.7 per cent, in 1906; 
while in 1907 the percentage was 10.7. Re- 
turns of idleness received by the department 
from 92 representatives of labor organiza- 
tions in New York City alone show that at 
the end of December, out of 66,120 mem- 
bers, 22,627 or 34.2 per cent, were idle. In 
Chicago and Philadelphia similar conditions 
obtain. Among the building trades the 
number of unemployed is unpreeedentedly 
large. This is the time for us to show that 
we are embued with that spirit of brother- 
hood which commands us to help one an- 

As regards beneficial features, the Wood- 
workers' Union of Germany, which com- 
prises all branches of the wood-working in- 
dustry, with the exception of the framers, 
is certainly a model organization. After a 
membership of six months and after having 
paid into the union an amount of 13 marks 
in dues (1 mark equal to 25 cents Amer- 
ican money), a member is entitled to a re- 
lief of from 6 marks to 7.50 marks per 
week in case of strike during its entire du- 

After one year's membership, and after a 
member has contributed to the organization 
an amount of 26 marks in dues, he is en- 

ulltr (Earitrnter 

titled to n relief of from 12 to 1"' marks 
per week in case of strike or lose of em 
ployment on account of his connection with 
or his activity in the intoreSI of the union. 
This benefit also is paid until the st rik.- is 
declared off or the member has re-secured 
employment, as the case may be. A member 
of one year's membership is further entitled 
within one v.iir, to 6 marks per week for 
six weeks, when out ot employment or 
traveling in search of work; further, to 3 
marks per week sick benefit tor thirteen 
weeks; to an allowance of 20 marks for 
removal expenses in case of change of domi- 
cile; to 10 marks in case of distress, and to 
25 marks death benefit. 

Tin- benefits are increased each year until 
after a membership of five years or more, 
and alter n member has paid into the organ- 
ization an amount of 130 marks ($32.50), 
the union pays its members the following 
benefits: Strike or victimization benefit, 
from 12 to 15 marks per week. Out-of- 
work or traveling benefit, 1 mark per day 
for (if) working days within a period of one 
year. Sick benefit, 6 marks per week for 
thirteen weeks within one year. Removal 
benefit, up to 40 marks. Distress benefit, 
30 marks. Death benefit, 40 marks. 

After the elapse of one year and after the 
payment of fifty-two weeks dues from date 
when the last of the total amount or yearly 
out-of-work, traveling or sick benefits was 
drawn, a member is again entitled to the 
benefits as here above enumerated. 

The German Woodworkers' Union, with 
its many benefits, some of them unknown in 
this country, such as victimization, travel- 
ing, removal and distress benefits, is not, 
as one may feel inclined to presume, mere- 
ly a beneficial organization. It is the sec- 
ond largest, a bona fide, progressive and 
militant trade union in the full sense of its 
meaning. Only about a year ago the union 
made a valiant fight and successfully stand- 
ing its ground in a general lock-out, emerg- 
ed from the contest with a considerable in- 
crease in membership. 

The framers, the only woodworking 
branch as yet outside of its pale, have, for 
some time, been negotiating with this pow- 
erful organization with a view to amalga- 
mation and. no doubt, ere long, Germany will 
have but one organization in the wood- 
working line. 

Knowcst thou well yesterday, its aim and 
reason T 
Workest thou well today for worthy 
Then heed thou not tomorrow's hidden sea- 
Thou need 'st not fear what hap soe'er 
it brings. — Carlylc. 

Plans nrc making by tho Structural 
Building Trades Alliance and the Centra] 

Labor I'nion of Spokane, Wash., to erect a 
labor temple in that city to cost $75,000. 
There are 7,000 union men in Spokane and 
by 40 per cent of them taking $25 worth of 
stock the amount can be raised. Tho struc- 
ture will be four or five stories and will be 
located in the business district. 

As public ( fiagrations do not, always be- 
gin in public edifices, but are caused more 
frequently by some lamp neglected in a 
private house, so in the administration of 
states it does not always happen that the 
flame of sedition arises from political dif- 
ferences, but from private dissensions, run- 
ning through a long chain of convictions, at 
length affect the whole body of the people. 

"Organization, co-ordination, co-opera- 
tion, are the right of every body of men 
whose aims are worthy and equitable ; and 
must needs be the recourse of those who 
individually, are unable to persuade their 
fellow men to recognize the justice of their 
claims and principles. If employed within 
lawful and peaceful limits, it may rightly 
hope to be a means of educating society in 
a spirit of fairness and practical brother- 
hood. ' ' — Bishop Potter. 

A labor union is an institution. It is as 
well recognized in civilization as the church. 
This battle of the right of workingmen to 
unite for short hours and decent wages has 
been fought. The thing is settled. Another 
thing has been settled; you can not manage 
your own business in your own way, if your 
own way is a public injury. Tou can not 
ride your own bicycle in your own way. If 
you are going to live in the society of your 
fellow man, you may receive, but you must 
give. Tour own way must be the way of 
public welfare. — Rev. Myron Reed. 








-v General Office 

State Life Building, Indianapolis, Ind. 

General President, 
WM. D. HUBER, P. 0. Box 187, Indianapolis 

General Secretary, 
FRANK DUFFY, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

General Treasurer ■ 

THOMAS NBALE, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

First Vice-President 
T. M. GDBEIN, 290 Second Ave., Troy, N. Y. 

Second Vice-President 

ARTHUR A. QUINN, Ball Block, Brighton 

Avenue, Perth Amboy, N. Y. 

General Executive Board 

WM. G. SCHARDT, Chairman, 60S Cambridge 

Bldg., Chicago, III. 

ROBT. B. L. CONNOLLY, Secretary, Box 55, 
Birmingham, Ala. 

P. C. FOLEY, 1032 Fifth St., Edmonton, Al- 
berta, Canada. 

P. H. MCCARTHY, 10 Turk St., San Francisco, 

D. A. POST, 416 South Main Street, Wllkes- 
Barre, Pa. 

A. M. WATSON, SO Hanover St., Boston, Mass. 

JOHN WALQDIST, 2528 Elliott Ave., Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

All correspondence for the General Executive 
Board must be sent to the General Secretary. 

Quarterly Report of General Vice-Presi- 
dent, T. M. Qnerin. 

January 1, 1908. 
To the Members of the General Executive 

Board. Greeting : 

Brothers — At the time I submitted my 
last report to your honorable body, I was 
still in Philadelphia, Pa., trying to get the 
Associated Carpenters to join the U. B. 
But I was unable to convince them of the 
benefits that would accrue to all concerned 

by having one organization of our craft in 
that city, and I am sorry to report they are 
still outside of the U. B. and at the mercy 
of heartless contractors. (See my report 
to Gi P. under date of October 12-19, giv- 
ing a detail of conditions and recommenda- 
tions in the matter.) 

I went to Ambler, Pa., with Brother 
Bird, and instituted a new L. U., 1927, with 
17 members. They started with a minimum 
monthly dues of eighty cents, which will 
give them a chance to build up a good treas- 
ury. The town is a small one. 

I came to Troy to consult Attorney Pagen 
on the Manning case. (See report to G. 
P., Oct. 26.) 

By order of the G. P. I met him in New 
York City, on October 27, where we had a 
conference on matters pertaining to our 
organization, and the efforts of the manu- 
facturers to destroy our P. B. As G. P. 
Huber will no doubt cover this matter in 
his report, I will refrain from going into 

I reported the mill conditions in Troy to 
the G. P. (See report, Nov. 2.) 

The greater part of the month of No- 
vember was taken up in attending the con-, 
vention of the A. P. of L., at Norfolk, Va. 
A joint report of the delegates to that con- 
vention has been submitted to you. 

After returning home, I was assigned by 
the G. P. to look after the mill trouble in 
Troy, L. TJ. 636 having appealed to the G. 
P. against the action of the Troy D. C, 
and the case still pending, I will make no 
comments upon the matter, but refer you to 
my reports to the G. P. submitted Nov. 30, 
and prior to date of appeal. 

Application was made to the G. P. by 
Schenectady Local for jurisdiction lines, 
and, as there was a dispute between the 
Troy and Albany D. C. 's along the same 
lines, the G. P. referred the case to me. I 
requested a committee from each of the 

(5hr (Earyrutrr 

districts to meet with me and try to adjust •- 
the matter. We held several meetings, bul 
I could not gel them t" agree, bo it was 
suggested that I Bet the lines where I 
though! thej si Id i"'. and submit my <i>'i-i - 

sion to the different district*. I procured 
maps of the Beveral counties and, going 
uver t in-in. pointed out the lines, and while 
my decision did tint meet with the approval 
of all the delegates, it was accepted by the 
several D. C.'s involved as final, ami ap- 
proved by the G. P. (See letter and 
maps filed with the G. P., under date of 

Dec. 14.) 

I then wont to Pittsfield, Mass., as the 
Local Union in that locality had some trou- 
ble over unfair trim. I addressed a call 
mieting of the Local Union, and consulted 
with their Executive Committee how to 
handle the matter. Our men here have a 
good L. U. and nice quarters, but, as in 
many other localities, there are some men 
(thank God that there are but few of them 
in our craft), who are always willing to 
parrot the bosses' ideas of how a union 
should be managed. Some of them do so 
with no bad intent, and some otherwise. I 
advise those men wherever I find them (they 
seem an open book to me, and I can read 
them at sight), not to take for Gospel what 
anyone tells them. I assure them there is 
not a national officer in the labor move- 
ment who wants the members to follow 
their advice without the member doing some 
thinking for himself, that we want each 
and every member to follow every move- 
ment of the trade and the union down to 
its logical solution, and then act according- 
ly. If they follow my advice, the entire 
laboring class will benefit by it. 

I received a complaint through G. S. 
Duffy, filed by the Structural Iron Work- 
ers, claiming that our men were erecting 
iron. (See my report to the G. P. and G. S. 
on this matter, under date of Dec. 29th.) 

On December 31. I went to Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y., with Business Agent Gilmore, of the 
Albany D. C, as there was, and is. an 
Albany firm by the name of P. Keeler Bldg. 
Co., which is running a non-union carpenter 
shop in the city of Albany. Our Albany 
members have done everything in their 
power to induce this firm to run a union 
shop, but they persist in running their shop 
non-union. This firm appears to have a 

very strong pull with the Republican party 

in NOW Yolk State. They are awarded all 

the state work that they can handle by that 

party, well knowing thai the firm is unfair 
to the carpenters of this great Kmpire Stale. 

Well, perhaps it Berves us right, for we 

generally forget these aets mi eleetion day. 
Our Poughkeepsie L. U. would not allow 
in;, of its member-, tn w"rk for this un- 
fair firm unless they employ union men ex- 
clusively. The firm refused tn comply, in 
sisting on running a non-union shop. Their 
work has now reached a point where they 
are compelled to have mechanics, but can't 
find them among the non-union carpenters, 
so they have struck the scheme of lumping 
the work out to union contractors. I ad- 
vised our Local Unions involved not to al- 
low the men to go to work on tho State 
Hospital for Keeler Co., or for any other 
contractor that might lump the flooring, or 
trim, unless the non-union men joined the 

Our men would not work on any other job 
in Poughkeepsie with non-union men and, 
if it is good policy to refuse to work with 
them for a poor person, it is certainly good 
policy not to work with non-union men on 
State work. However, the L. U., by a vote 
of about 28 in favor to about 17 against, 
decided to allow their men to work for a 
local contractor, even if he lumped the lay- 
ing of the floor. Only 45 members of 
78 present voted on the question. I am 
sorry that our Poughkeepsie members took 
the stand they did on this matter, but that 
seems to be the conditions in a great many 
places. The membership does not realize 
what our brotherhood means. Some think 
that they must grab everything that comes 
their way, no matter who they may injure. 

In one locality, the men do not appear to 
realize that their strength in their home 
town depends upon the strength of our 
organization in the surrounding cities, nor 
that they gained union conditions, not en- 
tirely by their own efforts, but by other 
union carpenters who were offered good 
conditions if they would go to work and 
break the strike. By refusing to help out 
the employer they assisted the union men in 
the other place in winning living conditions. 

I find there is plenty of work for our 
organization along the line of teaching our 
membership in the holding of broader views. 


Too many of them take interest only in tlio 
movement within the narrow limits of their 
own city. I find the same conditions exist- 
ing as to the interpretation of our laws. Men 
who have been active in the movement for 
years allow their better judgment to be in- 
fluenced by what they think will suit their 
fellowmen at home. We all must put forth 
our best efforts to overcome this narrow- 
mindedness if we ever expect to make the 
U. B. successful, for in the future we will 
not be called upon to treat with the indi- 
vidual employer. Industry has become so 
developed, wealth so concentrated, that we 
are confronted with the associated interests 
of employers. Yet, this situation need cause 
us no alarm, provided we possess the wis- 
dom of being broad in our views, and show 
a firm determination to unite our forces. 
Where we find a contractor trying to take 
advantage of our members, in any locality 
where the boys are not strong enough to 
resist his greedy policy, we should be up 
and doing, and not let him have our men, 
who are skilled mechanics, in other places. 
In other words, if he wants to run a non- 
union gang in one town, insist that he run 
a non-union gang in all towns. We have 
arrived at a stage of organization w.bere, 
if we desire to be of benefit to each other, 
we must have more intelligent action, not 

With best wishes of the season, I remain, 
T. M. GUERIN, First G. V. P. 

Referendum Vote ou Amendment to Sec- 
tion 137 of the General Constitution. 

To the Officers and Members of All Local 
Unions of the United Brotherhood of 
Carpenters and Joiners of America — 

Local Unions 247 and 774 of New York 
City, N. Y.; 667 of Cincinnati, Ohio; 70, 
80, 141, 181 and 416 of Chicago, 111.; 626 
of Wilmington, Dela. ; 115 of Bridgeport, 
Conn.; 422 of San Francisco, Cal., and the 
San Francisco District Council, propose the 
following amendment to Section 137, page 
24, of the General Constitution. 

Amend Section 137 by inserting after 
the word "Works," sixth line, the follow- 

"The District Council or Local Union 
of the district in which a member from an 

©If? (Earp* ntrr 

outside jurisdiction goes to work for an 
employer, in whose employ he was engaged 
at the time of leaving his home district, 
shall in each specific instance determine, 
after investigation, if the projected em- 
ployment is temporary, within the meaning 
of this section. 

"When it is apparent that a member 
from an outside jurisdiction to which he 
returns home daily is habitually employed 
in another district, the District Council or 
Local Union having jurisdiction in the dis- 
trict in which he is so employed, may re- 
quire him to transfer his membership to 
that district." 

In accordance with Section 229 of the 
General Constitution this matter is hereby 
submitted to a referendum vote of our en- 
tire membership. 

You should have a called meeting of 
your Local Union and vote by show of 
hands for and against the proposed amend- 
ment. Have your president and recording 
secretary attest to same and be sure that 
the seal of your Local Union is affixed to 
the returns made to this office. The vote 
of your union must be at this office on or 
before April 15, 1908. 

Be kind enough to attend to these de- 
tails, and oblige, 

Fraternally yours, 

General Secretary. 

Quarterly Report of Seoond General Vice- 
President, Arthur A. Quinn. 

New York, Jan. 6, 1908. 
To the General Executive Board. Greeting : 

The greater part of the past quarter I 
have been engaged in the New York City 
District. I have also visited Glen Cove, 
L. I., and Morristown, Burlington, River- 
side, Palmyra and Rivington, N. J., and 
also Bristol, Pa., and the nearby villages. 

While in the New York District I ex- 
amined carefully into the standing of the 
A. W. W. and, after diligent and careful 
inquiries, I ascertained that their total 
membership does not exceed seven hundred 
(700) ; over two-thirds of which are more 
than anxious to sever their connection with 
that body and join the bona fide union of 
their trade, ' ' The U. B. " . 

You will find in my weekly reports to the 

©hr (Earprnirr 

General President what. In my opinion, I 
believe to be the obstacle thai prevents ns 
is time i» taking over practically ilnir 
entire membership in the New York Di 
iri.'t, (or I can truthfully Bay that the A. 

W. W. in New York has not got the BUppOli 

of the majority of its members, and who 
«ill. «hcn the opportunity presents itself, 
free themselves from the shackles that this 
organization has fastened upon them. 

Tliis step iins already been taken by the 
men employed by the Van rXannell Revolv- 
ing Door Co., who, realizing the utter hope- 
lessness of over being able to better their 
condition while they remain in the \. W. 
\\\. severed their connection with that body, 
joined the U. B. and then, on Oetnber • l . 
1907. made a stand for U. B. conditions 
and, after four days, succeeded in having 
their demands complied with. 

In connection with their strike I wish to 
mention the name of Brother Bausher, P.n-i 
ncss Agent of the Bronx District, to whom 
too much credit cannot be given, for the 
able and efficient manner in which he 
looked after the interests of the men. He 
is a painstaking and careful representative, 
in whom the men are justified in placing the 
utmost confidence. 

The winning of this shop has had its 
moral effect upon the men of the district 
that are still working under the A. W. W. 
conditions. They are biding their time 
when they, too, will demand justice, and 
will strike to free themselves from the bond- 
age in which the A. "W. W. has placed them. 

Owing to the precarious financial condi- 
tion, many of our members are out of work, 
and from the present outlook it "will be 
some time before the building business will 
again become active. I would strongly 
recommend that our traveling members 
keep away from New York for several 
months at least. 

On November 11, I visited L. U. 1093, of 
Glen Cove, L. I., in reference to a juris- 
dictional dispute between L. U. 1093 and 
the North Hempstead D. C. not being able 
to come to any satisfactory settlement. I 
arranged to meet the Business Agents of 
both districts and go over the situation with 
them. Accordingly, on November 21. I met 
them at Roslyn, and from there proceeded 
to Mineola (two of the villages in dis- 
pute). TVe went over the question thor- 

oughly. I. at in the meantime a decision hav- 
ing l n already reached by the Qeneral 

Office, l made no further r immendatlon 

in the matter. 

On November 19, 1 visited Morristown, 
\. .'.. an. i ascertained that our members in 

that eily were engaged in what is common- 
ly known as an "Open Shop" fight. I 
found that our boys ha. I the fight "ell in 

band, despite the fact that Reeves & Burr, 

ono of the largest shops in the city, were 
g their utmost to introduce non-union 


I also visited Summit, N. .T., and inter- 
viewed the President of L. U. '.nil in regard 
to the amount of material coming into that 
district from the unfair mill of Reeves & 

On November 25, I again visited Morris- 
town, and attended the meeting of L. U. 
638. I spoke upon the benefits of organ- 
ization, and "hat i he ['. B. has accomplished 
for the carpenters and wood workers of the 
country. I encouraged them to continue the 
fight against the efforts of the unfair em- 
ployers to force non-union conditions upon 

Leaving Morristown. I returned to New 
York where I remained until December 2, 
when I returned to New Jersey. 

On December 5, I visited Bristol, Pa., in 
company with Brother Adams, Business 
Agent of Trenton, N. J. We also visited 
tho surrounding villages of Hulmeville. 
Eden and Langhorne, for the purpose of 
organizing a local in that section. The 
result of our visit was such that I felt 
justified in calling a meeting for December 
11. Yet, though all of the carpenters in 
the district were requested to attend, not 
a sufficient number was present to organize 
a Local. In the meantime, prior to the 
meeting, I had been working through the 
towns of Riverside, Riverton and Palmyra, 
three towns situated on the New Jersey 
side of the Delaware river, and about ten 
miles above Bristol, where I also intended 
to organize a Local. 

Seeing that any attempt at organizing 
would be futile at that time, I arranged 
for another meeting for December 18, but 
receiving instructions from the G. P. to 
return to the New York District, I was 
unable to be present. 

I arranged to attend the meeting that 


had been called for the following Monday, - 
December 23, upon which date I succeeded 
in organizing a Local Union, and on De- 
cember 30, on the arrival of the charter, I 
installed the officers and instructed them in 
their duties. 

In the interval, on December 15, I at- 
tended a meeting in Perth Amboy that had 
been called for the purpose of organizing a 
local branch of the Structural Alliance. 
Brother Kirby, General President of the 
Alliance, was present, and he succeeded in 
organizing a temporary Alliance in that 
city, which will undoubtedly be made per- 

From December 16 to 31, I have, with 
the exception of the time spent in visiting 
the places mentioned, ■ been located in the 
New York District. 

In reference to the work' done while in. 
this district, I would most respectfully refer 
you to my reports to the G. P. for the past 
three months. 

Eespectfully submitted, 

ARTHUR A. QUINN, Second G. V. P. 

Report of Delegates to the Convention of 
Building Trades Organizations Af- 
filiated with the A. F. of L. 

Washington, D. C, Feb. 17, 190S. 
To the Officers and Members of the United 

Brotherhood Carpenters and Joiners of 

America. Greeting : 

At the twenty-seventh annual convention 
of the American Federation of Labor held 
at Norfolk, "Va., last November, the follow- 
ing resolution was introduced and unani- 
mously adopted : 

Resolution — 

' ' That a department of building trades 
of the A. E. of L. be created; said depart- 
ment to be chartered by the A. F. of L. to 
be composed of bona fide National and In- 
ternational Building Trades' Organizations 
duly chartered as such by the A. F. of L., 
and to be given autonomy over the Building 
Trades, with authority to issue charters to 
local Building Trades Sections, said sections 
and central body to be affiliated to the A. F. 
of L., to be composed of bona fide Local 
Unions and recognized as such in the Build- 
ing Trades. 

' ' We further recommend that all Local 

Unions of the B. T. S. shall be affiliated 
with central bodies of the A. F. of L. " 

At a conference of the executive officers 
of the various building trades in attendance 
at the A. F. of L. convention, called by 
President Huber of the Brotherhood of 
Carpenters, for the purpose of carrying out 
the instructions of the foregoing resolution, 
it was agreed to call a convention of all 
the Building Trades affiliated with the 
American Federation of Labor to be held 
in the city of Washington, D. C. 

It was further agreed that the above 
mentioned convention should be called by 
the six (6) trades that now compose the 
Structural Building Trades Alliance, by and 
with the approval of Vice Presidents Dun- 
can and Huber of the A. F. of L. 

In accordance with the purpose expressed 
in the above resolution and the wish of the 
subsequent conference, arrangements have 
been made that the said convention will be 
called to order at ten o'clock Monday morn- 
ing, February 10, 1908, in Typographical 
Temple, Washington D. C, and your Inter- 
national Union is respectfully requested to 
send representation to correspond with that 
allowed your organization at the Twenty- 
seventh Annual Convention of the A. F. of 
L., which is as follows: 

' ' National and International Unions, for 
less than four thousand members, one dele- 
gate; four thousand or more, two delegates; 
eight thousand or more, three delegates; 
sixteen thousand or more, four delegates; 
thirty-two thousand or more, five delegates, 
and so on. ' ' 

It may not be amiss to say that there 
never seemed a more opportune time for 
the Building Trades to effect a perfect 
organization than at present, and it is sin- 
cerely hoped that your national organization 
will lend the movement strength and en- 
couragement by your presence and advice. 

Respectfully and fraternally submitted, 
Representing the A. F. of L. 

Representing the A. F. of L. 
Representing the S. B. T. A. 

Representing the S. B. T. A. 

In pursuance to the carrying out of the 
above action General President Huber ap- 

(Ulif (Earprntrr 

pointed the Following delegates i" repre 
-in tlio T. B.: 

President Euber, P. II. McCarthy, Phil. 
Carlin, C. n. Bawdier, Leonard I'unk. Win. 

II. Mcachcam. .lames Kirby. 

The convention of the Building Trades 
- moled in Typographical Temple, Wnsh- 
ington, D. «'., February 10, 1908. Brother 
James Kirby, President of the National 
Structural Trades Alliance, called the con- 
vention to order, and in a few brief remarks 
stated the object and groat good that would 
aeerne to the Building Trades through an 
organization of lit ; - character of National 
and International 1'nions of the Building 
Trades, affiliated with tie A. F. of L., or- 
ganized universall; • n above lines. Eight- 
een National and International Unions ro- 
s|innded to the '-all, the Asbestos Workers, 
who, through i intake, were omitted in call 
but afterwards seated, made nineteen organ- 
izations with fifty (me delegates present. 
President (lumpers was officially invited and 
made well chosen remarks and bid God- 
speed to the success to the new department, 
and volunteered his aid in making it a 
success, as also did James O'Connell, mem- 
ber of Executive Council, and Secretary 
Morrison, of the A. F. of L., all urging a 
better solidification of the Building Trades 
for the benefit of all. First V. P. Duncan 
and Seventh V. P. ITuber, of the A. F. of 
L., being delegates to the convention, took 
an active interest in the formation of the 
new department. General President Huber 
was elected temporary chairman, and W. J. 
Spencer, of the United Association of 
Plumbers, temporary secretary of this con- 
vention by unanimous vote. Committees on 
Constitution and Laws, one delegate from 
each represented organization, were ap- 
pointed; choice of delegation, Brother P. 
H. McCarthy, was selected by your dele- 
gates to look after interests of U. B. A 
special committee on representation and 
voting basis was also appointed, consisting 
of delegates Duncan, McLoughlin, F. M. 
Ryan, H. Lillian and James Kirby, who re- 
ported as follows: 

Tour Committee on Representation re- 
spectfully submit the following : 

The basis of representation in the con- 
vention shall be: 

From National or International Unions of 
less than 4,000 members, one delegate; 4,000 

Or more, two delegates; S.IIllll >>r more, 
three delegates; hi, 000 or inure, |',,u, dele 

gates; 32,000 or more, five delegates, and 
so on. 
Questions may be decided by a division or 

-how of hands; bid if a call of the roll is 
demanded by one-third of the delegates 
present, each delegate shall cast one vote 
fur every 100 members he represents up lo 
10,000, and thereafter one vote for each 
'no members or in. ji>i purl ion thereof. 

And we refer to the favorabh nsidera- 

tion of the Committee on Law that the elec- 
tion of officers, ohanges of constitution, and 
questions of revenue shall be determined by 
roll call. 

The recommendations of this committee 
was amended, leaving the basis of represen 
tation to the convention as recommended 
and as at present in the A. F. of L., but (dim 
inating the poll vote entirely, giving each 
delegate but one vote. Your entire dele- 
gation opposed this amendment to the best 
of their combined ability but were over- 
whelmed. Committees on Resolutions, Ways 
and Means were also appointed, to devise 
ways and means for defraying necessary ex- 
penses incurred by this convention. It was 
decided that each affiliated National and In- 
ternational pay a pro ratio share of the ex- 
penses incurred. The drafting and adopt- 
ing of the constitution and laws to govern 
the new department, nationally and locally, 
took up the major portion of time of the 
convention. Considerable interest was man- 
ifested by the combined National and In- 
ternational Building Trades Unions repre- 
sented in the laws for the new department. 
The following officers were elected : 

President, James Kirby; First V. P., 
George Hedrick; Second V. P., James P. 
Hanrahan; Third V. P., F. M. Ryan; 
Fourth V. P., Wm. McSorley; Fifth V. P., 
Charles Leps; Secretary-Treasurer, Wm. J. 
Spencer. Denver was chosen as next con- 
vention city, and the next convention of the 
department will convene directly after the 
adjournment of the next A. F. of L. conven- 
tion. Headquarters of the new department 
will be in Washington, D. C. 

The Structural Building Trades Alliance, 
in special session, assembled on the 17tb 
of February, in the Ebbitt House, Washing- 
ton, D. C, instructed its executive officers 
that when the charter to the Building 


Stye (Earpe nUx 

Trades Department of the A. F. of L. was, 
granted, to take immediate steps to close 
up the affairs of the Structural Building 
Trades Alliance. 

Should, for any reason, a charter he re- 
fused to the above mentioned department, 
the Structural Building Trades Alliance will 
meet in annual convention at Atlantic City, 
as per action of the Norfolk convention of 
the Structural Building Trades Alliance. 









John Kabitzki of L. U. 985, Gary, Ind., 
has been expelled by the Local Union for 
embezzlement of its funds. 

James F. Lancaster, formerly treasurer 
of L. U. 712, Covington, Ky., has been ex- 
pelled for embezzlement of funds belonging 
to the Local" Union. 

Localities to be Avoided. 

Carpenters are requested to stay away 
from the following places; owing to trade 
movements, building depression and other 
causes, trade is dull: 

Ashland, Ky. 
Atlantic City, N. J. 
Austin, Tex. 
Belleville, 111. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Chicago, 111. 
Detroit, Mich. 
Edwardsville, 111. 
Gary, Ind. 
Hartford, Conn. 
Hendersonville, N. C. 
Kansas City, Mo. 
Lawton, Okla. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
Memphis, Tenn. 
.Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Miami, Fla. 

Milwaukee, Wis. 
Nashville, Tenn. 
New Orleans, La. 
New Rochelle. N. Y. 
New York City. 
Owensboro, Ky. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pittsburg, Pa. 
Pueblo, Colo. 
Rockford, III. 
Salineville, O. 
Seattle, Wash. 
San Francisco, Cal. 
Tacoma, Wash. 
Watertown, Wis. 
Wheeling, W. Va. 
Youngstowu, 0. 

Local Unions Chartered Last Month. 

Clarksville, Ark. Woodbury. N. J. 

Boston, Mass. Oxford, O. 

Honesdale, Pa. 

Total, 5 Local Unions. 

Local Union 8, Philadelphia. 

To the Members of the United Brotherhood 

of Carpenters and Joiners of America 

and to All True American Citizens. 

Greeting : 

Eecognizing that every true American cit- 
izen must stand for economic justice, we 
demand that economic justice be attained 
and maintained throughout our entire na- 

Perceiving that in the natural electrical 
realm the universal principle of justice ulti- 
mates in securing unto all humanity access 
upon a basis of equality to this natural 
force which is subject to natural govern- 
ment; we perceive that until access, upon 
a basis of equality, to land, to money and 
to transportation be attained, that we have 
not secured justice unto the wealth pro- 
ducers and service Tenderers of our nation. 

Therefore, until shown that we are in 
error, we demand that our government util- 
ize this natural standard of the uprightness 
of human economic government in regulat- 
ing the basic economic factors, land, money 
and transportation. 

Eecognizing that the decisions of the Su- 
preme Court are hostile to the wealth pro- 
ducers and service Tenderers of our nation, 
we demand that Congress at once use its 
positive and unquestioned constitutional 
powers and pass a law forbidding the Su- 
preme Court to declare American laws un- 
constitutional, unless legislation passed by 
Congress shall be considered injurious by 
the majority of the voters of a sovereign 
State of our Union ; then and not until then, 
should the Supreme Court have the privilege 
of passing upon the constitutionality of 
laws enacted by our members of Congress. 

Eecognizing that those who control our 
railroads and banking systems control our 
government for their selfish, plundering 
purposes; we demand that our national gov- 
ernment take over and operate all railroads, 
paying for them by issuing full legal tender 
paper money, preventing inflation by com- 
pelling our banks and bankers, national, 
state and private, to retire their paper 
money and also their bank credits, which 
they now issue to the extent of many thou- 
sands of millions of dollars. 

The true end of access upon a basis of 
equality to money is attained when stability 

Glljr (Ear|irutrr 

in the purchasing power of the dollar is 

Kocognizing that many trusts and com- 
bines purchase patent rights in order to 
suppress legitimate competition and also 
Mint under our present patent system thai 
iVu inventors profit by thoir discoveries; 
we demand that property rights in patents 
be abolished and that inventors be eom- 

pensated by our government (or a term of 
years, compensation to be awarded in pro 
portion to the extent to which their inven- 
tions or discoveries serve our community. 

We Stand for no party nor for any man 
but request all citizens to join us in stand- 
ing for impartial discussion of a few pro- 
d laws, these preferably constitutional 
in character and evolutionary in their pro- 

After mature consideration, both verbal 
and also in the newspapers, etc., when we 
End that an overwhelming majority of 
citizens favor certain laws which will at- 
tain and forever maintain the reforms which 
are demanded by our order, for the benefit 
of the whole community; we will then vote 
only for candidates who are sacredly 
pledged to enact our proposed laws into 
law; thus forever abolishing corrupt and 
partisan manipulation which have and are 
sapping the very foundation of our be- 
loved nation. 

Recording Secretary Union No. 8. 

Russian Woodworker Best. 

It has been said that England is the 
country of iron and steel, Holland of 
brick, France of stone, Greece and Italy 
of marble, and Russia of wood, and that 
being the fact the Russian carpenters are 
unrivaled in the handling of that mate- 
rial. A great many public buildings and 
theaters in Russia are built of wood, and 
a feature of the country is the timber 
built dwelling of the rich land owner. 

The walls of these dwellings are formed 
of timbers from one foot to eighteen inches 
in thickness, laid on top of each other and 
joined at the corners. Wooden bolts three 
feet in length fasten them together, the 
crevices are filled with moss soaked in 
pitch and dried, and then thin planks are 
put on the interior as well as the exterior. 

The house when finished is as impervious 
to cold as the hull df a ship ami a groat 
deal warmer than a house built of atone 
..I id,' same thickness WOUld be. — Aineri 

can i larpenter .■""! Builder. 

Building; in Japan. 
There are no hodcarriers in Japan. The 
native builders have a method of transport- 
ing mortar which makes it seem more like 
play than work — to the on-looker. The 
mnrt.-ir is mixed in a pile in the street. One 
man makes this up into balls of about six 
pounds each, which he tosses to a man who 
stands on a ladder midway between the roof 
and the ground. This man catches the ball 
and tosses it up to a man who stands on the 
roof. — American Carpenter and Builder. 

Organization has brought the laborer dis- 
cussion, investigation, consideration, modera- 
tion, and has taught some employers that 
justico is the best policy. — Altgeld. 

Be Decent. 

It Is all very good to be decent, 

And something convivial, too, 
But give me the way of maintaining 

This qualification, will you? 
Is labor not forced to consider 

Her "betters" are farther ahead — 
I speak of the "social relation" — 

And a thousand times better fed? 

We're here on the verge of disaster. 

Crushed down by the tyrants of gold. 
So all the well fixed can be decent- — 

At least those up In the "fold." 
But tollers and drawers of water, 

Perforce, from the weight of their load, 
Must falter and struggle, while keeping 

Clear out of "society's" road. 

The savage concealed — Is the picture 

Worked Into the lessons today. 
And plainly remarked. In the feeling 

The bosses grinds Into the fray. 
The army and navy do freely 

Consent to destroy their own kind. 
And worse still, for Interest of mammon 

Deliberately shackles the mind. 

It is all very grand to be decent, 

And cater to decency's court. 
But here, In the dust of confusion, 

It is not, I say, decency's part. 
When labor Is treated with justice, 

For taking her part, then the scene 
Wilt change, and phases completely, 

So all will wear decency's mien. 

JOHN H. FAERELL, Local 514. 

H. R. Kline. 

After .completing my work in New Al- 
bany, Jeffersonville and the Louisville Dis- 
trict, I proceeded to Fort Wayne, Ind., 
where I found our members laboring under 
many difficulties and working with non- 
union carpenters. I spent considerable 
time in an attempt to have our men see 
the danger of not drawing the lines more 
closely and not making an attempt to create 
more interest in their membership and bring 
the non-union men into the fold. 

Early in November I was fortunate to 
secure Brother Frank Duffy, our General 
Secretary, along with Brother James Kirby, 
General President I. B. T. A., to address a 
mass meeting of Building Tradesmen at the 
Court House. At this meeting a large 
audience was present and listened to the 
masterful addresses of Brothers Duffy and 
Kirby, and we are led to believe that good 
results will be obtained. 

I next visited South Bend, Ind., where 
we have a wide-awake Local Union, with 
the situation well in hand. After visiting 
' Elkhart and Goshen, Ind., where I found 
a new Local organizing, I returned to South 
Bend and, with the assistance of our broth- 
ers, we were able to secure General Secre- 
tary Duffy for the evening of December 3, 
to address an open meeting. Brother Duffy 
found a large and appreciative audience 
awaiting him and, after hearing his ad- 
dress, we secured 22 members for the U. 
B. and I believe the good work about South 
Bend, Elkhart and Goshen will be kept well 
agoing by our watchful brothers in that lo- 
cality. We are confronted there, as else- 
where, by the money stringency, having 
closed up the largest building in the city 
of South Bend, the Studebaker Wagon Co. 'a 
office building. 

Leaving South Bend, I went to Streator, 
111., as our Local Union there was request- 
ing that an organizer be sent there to at- 
27 .. ' " •( 

tempt to settle the difference existing, be- 
tween our members and a real estate firm 
of that city. After investigating the trou- 
ble and attempting to meet the members 
of this firm, who were trying to enforce 
open shop conditions and bring our mem- 
bers down to the piece-work system, I ad- 
vised our L. U., at a well attended meeting, 
to keep up its fight against this firm and 
no doubt ere this they have won out, as 
I found them all of the right kind, pos- 
sessed with a true spirit of unionism. Good 
conditions prevail in Streator except in the 
case referred to. 

I next visited Piqua, 0., spending some 
time among our newly organized members, 
and, after holding a successful open meet- 
ing, I left our members in Piqua determined 
to keep on the upward trend. 

I then , visited Fontanet, Ind., where, 
owing to s the winter weather and the con- 
ditions following the great powder mill ex- 
plosion, I was unable to accomplish much. 

After this short stop I visited Kobinson, 
111., where I found conditions not as fa- 
vorable as we would wish them to be, owing 
to the influx of idle carpenters from other 
places, which is usually the case in the 
vicinity of an oil boom town, which is true 
of Eobinson, 111. 

Visiting Muncie, Ind., I found the mem- 
bers of our Local Union active and in con- 
trol of the situation, which is not promis- 
ing, however, owing to the financial depres- 
sion and the effects of the shutting down of 
many manufacturing industries. Under 
prevailing conditions, traveling brothers 
will do well to miss Muncie until conditions 

I have again returned to the Louisville 
(Ky.) District, where I am at present en- 
gaged in an attempt to strengthen our po- 
sition after the long, hard struggle we 
had during last fall. I- find our members 
here determined to keep up the struggle 
with only one point in view, victory. 

Utyr (ftarynttrr 

James A. Gray. 
The Orel week of January I attended the 
convention of the State Federation of La 
bor at Vallejo, Cal. Our Local Union at 
thai place ia in fine shape. 

January lllh I installed tlir new Local, 

L913, .it Vista Qrande, and the week Hollow- 
ing attended the convention of the State 
Building Trades Council, held al Santa 
Cruz, which was one of the most success- 
ful conventions I ever attended. Brother 
P. II. McCarthy, of our Executive Board, 
was unanimously elected President of the 
same, ami your Imiulile servant was i ■!•■.• t • ■■ 1 
Fifth Vice President. 

There was not, at that time, a local of 
tho Brotherhood ,-itliliateil with the State B. 
T. C. whose seale is less than $4.00 per day. 
There are Dl Locals whose seale is $5.00 per 
day for outside men, only five men re- 
ceiving $4.80, which speaks well for the 
State Council and its officers. 

January 20th, about sixteen of us, most- 
ly Presidents and Business Agents of San 
Francisco Locals, attended an open meeting 
of the Vista Grande Local 1913. Though it 
rained in torrents, there was a good meet- 
ing, with speech making, story telling 
and violin solos, after which the Local 
served refreshments like an old time Local 
(and they are only a week old), and I pre- 
dict that 1913 will be frequently heard of. 

I then left San Francisco for Maysville, 
where our men are working nine hours a 
day. I think it is the only Local in the 
State of California that is working more 
than eight hours. While there I found 
quite a number of men belonging to other 
Locals carrying paid up cards, violating the 
constitution by not depositing them. We 
waited upon and notified them that they 
must deposit their cards or expect trouble. 

April 1st the Building Trades will de- 
mand the eight hours, and I shall be on 
the premises to assist our Local Union. I 
prevailed upon the B. T. C. to affiliate with 
the State Council. 

I then visited Chico, where one year ago 
we had a membership of about 160. while 
now we have but 60. Last summer they 
made a demand for $4.00 per day. They 
had no Building Trades Council and they 
lost out, the bosses declaring for the open 
shop. The building trades mechanics in 

that place are In pretty bail shape. I or- 
ganized a Building Trades < 'ouneil and this 
bodj affiliated with the State Council. 

When I gel through in Maysville in April, 
I will go again to Chico and assist our men. 
Kighl now, things are very dull and nothing 
of account can be done. 

From there I returned to San Francisco, 
where I learned that B mill in Fresno that 
has the label was shipping material to Son 
Francisco though the Una is not paying any- 
where near the scale being paid in that city, 
and I was asked by oflicers of tho I). C. and 
B. T. C. to investigate the matter. I, there- 
fore, went at once to Fresno, where I found 
the scale from $1.00 to $1.50 per day less 
I linn the San Francisco scale. Tho Local 
has no agreement with the firm, nor has it 
had any since last July when their agree- 
ment expired. They have not been able to 
get an agreement signed up since that time. 
As the Local seemed very indifferent and 
would take no action, I left, passing the 
matter up to General President Huber and 
Brother McCarthy, of the Executive Board. 

I had a conference with the manager in 
which he admitted that were it not for the 
label, and the fact that the building me- 
chanics of the State Council demanded it, 
he would not be running his plant, nor could 
he, because of middle-west competition. 

From Fresno I went to Hanford, but as 
our Local meets only twice a month, and 
would not meet again for over a week, I 
left for Visalia, where I shall attend a 
meeting this week. 

4. 4. 4. 

Harry L. Cook. 

Since my last report for publication, 1 
completed my affairs in St. Louis just at 
the time the money stringency landed in 
that vicinity. Yet, the success obtained 
among the shops and mills were far above 
expectation. At the same time this money 
panic closed down various jobs throughout 
the city and many hundreds of members are 
walking the streets. I stopped at General 
Office on matters of importance, then pro- 
ceeded on to Cincinnati. Upon my arrival 
I found conditions similar to those already 
reported, yet the rank and file are in the 
best of spirits and ever ready to maintain 
trade conditions. 

T visited TifBn, O., where I addressed an 


open meeting, which resulted in the carpen- 
ters awaking to their true conditions. I 
found work very slack at Sandusky, owing 
to the severity of the weather, yet, in talk- 
ing to the officers, I was informed that the 
Local Union is holding its own. 

Stopping at Cleveland, I addressed the 
D. C. and Local Union No. 11. Conditions 
in this city are along the same lines as 
previously reported, worth mentioning, is the 
fact that the D. C. sees the necessity of 
increasing the staff of B. A. instead of de- 
creasing it. 

I next went to Canton, O., where I ad- 
dressed our Local Unions, who were to pre- 
sent trade demands this spring. Upon my 
advice, they called an open meeting, which 
I attended and, after going over the situa- 
tion in detail, the justness of the demands 
were recognized, but also the necessity of 
the carpenters to become more active. 

With instructions to proceed at once to 
South Bend, Ind., upon my arrival I found 
conditions as unfavorable as in the localities 
mentioned in this report. I called upon va- 
rious officers and looked over the situation. 
I then advised the officers as to their line 
of action in the future. 

I stopped at Detroit, Mich., where I ad- 
dressed the D. C v also Local Union No. 
1020. I found building operations at a 
standstill and many members walking the 
streets, resulting from the money panic. 

I visited Toledo, O., and addressed the 
D. C. The conditions in this locality are 
no better than elsewhere. I have made spe- 
cial inquiries all along the line as to the 
spring trade and find with very few ex- 
ceptions the architect busy on spring work 
and of a better class than of previous years. 

* 4 * 
James F. Grimes. 

In compliance with request of Secretary 
Duffy and the instruction of President Hu- 
ber, I made an effort to have ' ' Carpenters ' 
Independent Union No. 1 of Texas" line 
ap with the United Brotherhood, and am 
glad to say I was successful. We now have 
two U. B. unions in Galveston, with a Dis- 
trict Council in successful operation. 

The above (Independent) union was 
formed in Galveston about 13 or 14 months 
ago and, after securing a state charter, grew 
to a membership of about 45. 

This instance of a rival union in Galves- 

ton was the first of its kind during the 
life of the U. B. and would, if continued, 
nullify largely any attempt at further prog- 
ress by our U. B. Local. 

This was the second rival organization 
the U. B. in Texas bad to contend with 
during the past half dozen years; the other 
one being called the ' ' United Brotherhood 
of Builders," formed in San Antonio a 
few years ago. It was a mixed union, ad- 
mitting any mechanic of the Building 
Trades to membership. After quite a strug- 
gle it was forced out of business. 

Sherman, Texas, Local No. 197, had a 
great deal of trouble with its financial 
affairs. Their books were audited by the 
officers of the union and then by a book- 
keeper hired for the purpose, after which 
they were again audited by Brother Fuller, 
of Denison, Texas, covering such ground as 
he was ordered to by President Huber. 

Still there was some dissatisfaction, and 
I was sent to Sherman to consult with the 
union in the matter and, if necessary, and 
desired by the union, to go even further 
back in the records and make another audit. 

Denison and Sherman being about 10 
miles apart, I went over to Sherman to 
consult with Brother Fuller, and he fully 
informed me of all his transactions in the 
matter and also his findings. The Sherman 
Union, after going over the matter at con- 
siderable length, decided that it was useless 
to proceed further in the audit, and that 
the sooner the whole matter was dropped 
and over with the better for harmony sake. 

While in Denison, Texas, I had the pleas- 
ure of meeting with Local No. 371, which 
has held its charter for about 20 years, and 
has stood all the ups and downs and panics 
during that time. The Local Union is a 
well managed one and has accomplished 
great things for its members. 

Being sent to Laredo, Texas, to investi- 
gate a difficulty, in which connection sev- 
eral appeals were sent to the General Office, 
I found that Local Union No. 1883 (Mex- 
ican), chartered six months ago, had made 
an attempt to discipline two of its members 
for an alleged breach of the rules, and be- 
cause of the views of the membership on 
this matter being greatly at variance, the 
union brought the case for trial before a 
Trades Assembly to which they are at- 

{Hljr (Harynttrr 

The Trades Assemblj promptly fined our 
members >25.00 each, kept tho $50.00 and 
refused i" turn it ovei to t ho carpenters' 

Few, if any, of our 50 members in this 
Mexican I -■ M-:i 1 can interpret from Spanish 
to English and vico versa, and our constitu- 
tion nut being printed in Spanish, their 
failure to try their own members according 
to our own constitution was a matter of 

This whole affair has created no end of 
trouble and dissension in tho movement 
there, and it presents a case where the offi- 
cials of the A. P. of L. can well say, 
"hands off" to Trades Councils on mat- 
ters in which they have no jurisdiction. 

This entire affair was illegal from the 
beginning and so was tho imposing of a fine 
an illegal act, even if such steps had been 
taken by the carpenters, as neither local 
by-laws nor constitution covered the case. 

Laredo, Texas, situated on the Rio Grande 
river, is a ten-hour town for carpenters, 
$2.50 being about the highest wages and 
much less in the railroad shops, where many 
of our members are employed. 

Protests having been sent to Local 1883 
because of the failure to send correct 
Financial Secretary's reports, and a fine 
having been imposed in one instance, I con- 
cluded, while on the ground, to take the 
matter in hand and square up their finan- 
cial matters and reports, as they immediate- 
ly concerned the General Office. 

I made out correct reports for six months 
and balanced the books of the union for 
1907, and posted all the accounts for 1908, 
besides instructing the Treasurer, the Sec- 
retary and Trustees as to their duties, and 
I am sure that in the future the affairs of 
No. 1883 will be better attended to by the 
present officers who, while they try to do 
their work well, make some mistakes, be- 
cause of their only partial understanding of 
the English language. 

There is a town lot in Nederland, Texas, 
in the name of the U. B. and, following 
instructions, I stopped off at the county 
seat while en route to Lake Charles, La., 
and paid the taxes. 

In Lake Charles. La., our Local dwindled 
down to seven members and quit business 
some time ago, failing to return their char- 
ter, books, etc.,. to the General Office. The 

(I. P.'s instruction to gather them up for 
shipment I complied with. 

in Houston, Texas, the leading banking 

institution failed Q feu months ago and tho 

b caught man] working men with their 

savings on deposit. 

M:m\ organizations Here also caught, 
among them being a carpenters' union for 
about $1,100, nearly all its funds. Tho 
loss of this money was a severe blow to 
the Local and, by virtue of its stress, de- 
sires to abolish tho Business Agent. 

There being three Locals in the 1». '., 
the proposition failed to carry, and there 
were appeals sent to the G. P. on the matter. 

Numerous carpenters from the northern 
States, with clearance cards and without 
cards, are in south Texas looking for the 
so-called large building construction of Jas. 
Stewart & Co., the report being circulated 
in the north that he can 't get enough car- 
penters. Jas. Stewart & Co. have no work 
in Texas that is known of and be- 
sides Stewart & Co. have never 
been on the "fair" list for, carpenters. 
Building mechanics are in less demand in 
the South this winter than for many years. 

Notwithstanding all this, immigration 
agents, land boomers and corporations ad- 
vertise to the contrary and thus deceive 
scores of workmen who depart from their 
homes and find worse conditions than that 
from which they fled. 

•$• ♦ 4* 

Wm. D. Michler. 
Since my December report I visited the 
following cities in Nebraska: Kearney, 
Local 738, which was organized August 12, 
1906 ; I found their principal weakness was 
the lack of experience in presenting their 
demands to the contractors, combined with 
the limited education along union lines. 
When the time approached to back up the 
demands they met with refusal by the con- 
tractors, and a strike for their rights en- 
sued. A number of the members who had 
been loudest in their demands for more fa- 
vorable conditions were weakest when put 
to a test. They remained at work instead 
of uniting with their brothers in an effort 
to improve and elevate their standard of 
living. The desertion of these few caused 
many members to weaken and become dis- 
couraged, and gave up the fight which meant 
partial defeat in the work they desired to 


Sty? (Earpntfrr 

accomplish. However, there are some sbuhd 
union men in Local 738, who will use more 
energy than ever before to cement the 
forces and educate the rank and file. They 
will ultimately be successful in their efforts 
for improved conditions. Nearly all the 
carpenters were busy at their trade, al- 
though the financial panic had struck Kear- 
ney the same as other cities. Buildings in 
course of construction were rapidly com- 
pleted, while very little new work is con- 

From Kearney I proceeded to Holdrege, 
Neb., where I found the majority of our 
members in employment, but the work was 
pushed to completion and very little new 
work starting up. Local 1507 is composed 
of a very jovial and harmonious member- 
ship; they stand high in the opinion of the 
general public. Most of the members were 
out of town, but nearly all those in town 
were present at the meeting. They will 
have very little difficulty in maintaining 
conditions and gain more, because they are 
a unit. In Holdrege I found the non-union 
men idle, while the union men were at work. 
From Holdrege I went to Fairbury, Neb., 
to meet the members of Local 1433. I had 
a pleasant meeting with them. They are 
fairly well organized, but they are not re- 
ceiving as much per hour as our members 
in other towns of equal size or population. 
It is my intention to visit them again when 
convenient, in an effort to increase their 

Leaving Fairbury, I visited Local 1055, 
in Lincoln, Neb., where I found work very 
dull and a large per cent of our members 
out of work, with no immediate prospects 
for employment. However, prospects are 
favorable for the summer season. I find 
the union movement very slow in Lincoln; 
the enthusiastic union workers are in the 
minority, and they become discouraged on 
account of the inactivity of the majority 
of members. Local 1055 needed adjusting, 
which was attended to, and from now on 
I believe they will prosper. 

Next I visited Omaha, Neb., in the inter- 
est of the mill men, in an effort to increase 
their membership and strengthen Local 
1438, which, in view of the fact that the 
mill men are contemplating a movement for 
shorter hours in the near future, was ab- 
solutely necessary. In conjunction with 

Business Agent James Johnson, I have con- 
tinually visited the mills and factories for 
several weeks, at convenient hours, so as to 
get in touch with the men and distribute 
literature and invite them to open meetings 
for their special benefit. We have met with 
little success up to date; our work at pres- 
ent may take effect later on when jobs are 
more frequent. At present, the men tremble 
for fear of losing their positions. 

I also visited the different jobs through- 
out the city, finding room for improvement 
all along the line. The S. B. T. A. has 
started a movement to revive the interest of 
all organized labor in Omaha and vicinity 
by giving a series of so-called revival meet- 
ings, from April 6th to the 18th, inclusive, 
at which each craft is expected to be rep- 
resented by one of the National officers 
and at which the union cause is to be pre- 
sented to the public, as a matter benefi- 
cial to the public and non-union men as 
well. By this method, Omaha may yet re- 
deem itself and obtain a place in the front 
ranks of union cities where she belongs. 

Fireplace Suggestions. 

' ' Mistakes are sometimes made by inex- 
perienced persons in building the fireplaces 
which are coming into such favor again," 
said a builder. ' ' The people find that the 
fireplace smokes and is susceptible to every 
vagrant breeze that happens to blow down 
it. The reason for this is a fault in con- 
struction, a disregard of a fundamental law 
and a principle well known to most build- 
ers. The fireplace has not been provided 
with a proper 'throat' and 'smoke shelf.' 
Some people have the idea that the bigger 
the chimney the better will be the draft, and 
they build the chimney large and of the 
same size throughout. The throat should 
be a few inches above the arch of the fire- 
place and should be comparatively narrow. 
The part of the chimney wall which juts in 
to form the throat is called the shelf and 
when a wind blows down it provides a shelf 
against the breeze so that the smoke does 
not blow out into the room." — American 
Carpenter and Builder. 

Trades unionists ' meetings are good as lec- 
tures, one is never present without coming 
away wiser. 

From Shreveport, La. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

As there has been no report from thi9 
Motion of the country in our official journal 
for several years, the members of L. TJ. 764 
have asked me to write a few lines for 
publication iu The Carpenter stating condi- 
tions as they obtain here at this time. 

To begin with, let me say that Shreve- 
port is a good place for traveling carpen- 
ters to keep away from unless a brother has 
enough money and has not to depend on toil 
for a living. Work is very scarce at this 
time and very difficult to secure. As a 
result, half of our membership is walking 
the streets, and with the carpenters from 
outlying districts arriving here daily, there 
are about eight carpenters to every one 
man's job. Those still in employment are 
being laid off as fast as the work is com- 
pleted and we are told that no new work will 
be started until the money market loosens 

AVe, here in Shreveport, have had our ups 
and downs such as have been experienced 
in other localities, but we always have ex- 
tended a hand of welcome to any brother 
who came to our town seeking an opportu- 
nity to earn a living. In fact, this is the 
first time L. TJ. 764 ever found it necessary 
to advise brother carpenters to avoid the 
locality. We do so because we feel in duty 
bound to protect the interests of our home 
brothers and all we ask for is. to give them 
a chance to the little that is left for them. 

We have two unfair contractors here who 
have been discriminating against union men 
these last five years, and though they gen- 
erally have some good jobs and we are los- 
ing some good work, we have so far failed 
to bring them to time. 

The minimum scale in Shreveport is 45 
cents an hour: all contractors are chopping 
down the wages to that limit. 

TVe are up against a hard game every 

winter but owing to tho present financial 
situation conditions are worse than they 
ever were during any previous winter sea- 

As a rule, and to make matters worse, 
there is a bunch of floaters prowling about 
hero every winter, union and non-union, and 
while it is almost impossible to get the 
non-union men to join, the union floaters 
fail to deposit their cards and both re- 
main beyond our control. In many in- 
stances they go to work with scabs and be- 
come the tools of the unfair bosses who 
avail themselves of every opportunity to 
injure us. 

By the foregoing tho brothers will read- 
ily see that it is not without good cause 
we are asking traveling brothers to keep 
aloof of Shreveport at this time. However, 
the brothers may rest assure. I thai ;is soon 
as conditions have improved we will extend 
to many of them an invitation to come with 
their clearance card in their pocket, bring 
their family along and live with us in one 
of the best little towns in this part of the 

Yours fraternally. 

C. L. WORSHAM, F. S., 
L. U. 764 Shreveport, La. 

Workingmen Versus Tool Thieves. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

Is it not about time that the TJ. B. of 
C. and J. of A. took some steps to protect 
its members from that meanest of thieves, 
the tool thief? Hard times and poverty 
have converted more than one man, who 
prior to these trying days led an honest 
life, to turn dishonest, but with all the 
excuses given by the scum of labor for 
their nefarious work, it does not excuse 
them from perpetrating the dirtiest of 
crimes, namely, stealing tools from their 
fellow-workmen. The writer has a case in 
mind where one carpenter shop in Long 


Island City, N. Y., has been entered five, 
times in ten years and all tools taken. 
When a man has to pay from fifty to one 
hundred dollars for a kit of tools it cer- 
tainly hits him heavy to come on the job 
or to the shop in the morning and find 
that he has not a- tool to work with. It 
is my opinion, as well as that of a large 
number of brothers I have spoken to about 
the subject, that the main cause lies in 
the leniency of the law. The severest sen- 
tence imposed on one of these rascals that 
is of remembrance to the boys hereabouts 
is seven years in the penitentiary, which 
is altogether insufficient, in comparison to 
the harm done to the loser. When a man 
gambles and loses his wealth it is his own 
fault, but when a workingman comes to 
his job in the morning with the expecta- 
tion of going to work and finds his tools 
stolen by a scoundrel who only gets about 
one-tenth of the value for the tools, it cer- 
tainly is a serious blow to him and his 
family. By robbing the workingman of 
his tools it not only hurts him, but it is 
the means of taking the bread and butter 
out of his children's mouths, for if a man 
has no tools he has no opportunity to earn 
a livelihood. My suggestion would be that 
if the various trades through their unions 
would draft a more severe law to punish 
these miscreants the legislative bodies 
throughout the country would see the ne- 
cessity of furthering the interests of the 
-laboring men. Let the United Brotherhood 
start the ball a-rolling and the other trades 
will gladly support us. 
Fraternaly yours, 

M. B. KOETZNER, L. U. 34. 
Long Island City, N. Y. 

Circular Letter to National Unions. 

January 27, 1908. 

Dear Sir and Brother — Your attention is 
called to Besolution 137, adopted by the 
Norfolk Convention of the American Fed- 
eration of Labor, which reads as follows: 

' ' Whereas, United States Judge Dayton 
of the Northern District of West Virginia, 
has issued a blanket injunction enjoining 
all the union men and sympathizers from 
peaceful persuasion or talking to non- 
union men while at work, as well as prohib- 
iting the labor press from discussing the 

merits or demerits of his restraining docu- 
ment; and 

"Whereas, A citizen and his wife have 
been sentenced to the workhouse for sixty 
days for alleged violation of one of said 
injunctions; and 

"Whereas, The said Judge Dayton has 
issued a restraining order preventing wage 
earners from organizing or discussing 
among themselves the advisability of or- 
ganizing for their mutual protection; there- 
fore, be it 

' ' Resolved, That all national and inter- 
national organizations which have not al- 
ready done so, send organizers into the 
State of West Virginia at once for the pur- 
pose of concentrating the forces of the 
wage earners and centralizing said forces 
on the Mine Owners and Manufacturers' 
Association and all employers ' associations 
affiliated therewith, as well as on Judge 
Dayton, the avowed enemy of organized 
labor, and his sympathizers for the redemp- 
tion of free speech, the right to organize 
and maintain their respective organizations 
and for the purpose of being allowed to en- 
joy the rights accorded to all American 
citizens by our national constitution. ' ' 

The need of special work in the State of 
West Virginia is urgent and pressing. The 
American Federation of Labor has had a 
special representative at work in the field 
for some time past. Those international 
unions which have not already done so are 
requested to place an organizer' or organiz- 
ers at work in that section at the earliest 
possible moment, to the end that the spirit 
and letter of the above quoted resolution 
may be fully carried out. Now, more than 
ever, is it necessary for labor to be organ- 
ized, united and federated, so that the in- 
terests of all may be protected and pro- 
moted. Let it be clearly understood by all 
that the toilers are not responsible for ex- 
isting financial difficulties, and will not be 
made the victims of the attempt at indus- 
trial depression; that wage reductions will 
be resisted by every lawful means at our 
command and that the reasonable demands 
which labor makes for congressional and 
legislative relief for the redress of wrongs 
which are practiced, and to attain the 
rights to which they are entitled, will go 
on uninterrupted with greater persistency 
than ever before. 

elhr (Uarprntrr 

The convention having under considera- 
tion and discussion the Bubjeol mnttor of 
increasing the circulation oi the American 

Kederationist, ilirected thai the national 
ami international organizations affiliatod bo 
requested to advise their locals and their 
subdivisions that each one should send at 
least one subscription to the American 
Federntionist in order thnt tho organiza- 
tion may keep itself informed as to the 
general labor movement, its methods, aims 
and aspirations. 

I trust the above will receive your 
prompt and earnest consideration and co- 
operation, to tho end that everything with 
in our power may bo done to increase the 
circulation of the American Federationist, 
especially in view of the bitter attack 
made upon it, its policy and its officers in 
their humane work by the National Asso- 
ciation of Manufacturers. 

The convention also directed that the 
various trade organizations in New York 
City, aye, throughout the country, be urged 
to make strenuous efforts to establish con- 
ditions under which every man employed 
in the building industry will carry a union 
card. It was further recommended that 
all organizations represented in amusement 
enterprises, such as theaters, etc., give spe- 
cial consideration to the possibility of giv- 
ing aid to the Actors' National Protective 
Union, in so far as it is practicable and 
consistent with the interests and laws of 
the various organizations. 

Trusting that all of these matters will 
receive your very careful consideration, and 
with kind regards, I am, 

Fraternally yours, 

President American Federation of Labor. 

Labor Should Employ Itself. 
Editor The Carpenter: 

It often strikes me that trade unions, as 
we find them today, are lacking in efficiency 
in some respects. Labor strives for a big- 
ger piece of bread and practically does get 
a bigger piece than it would, had it re- 
mained unorganized. Yet, labor struts 
around and feeds itself on taffy. This is 
not enough — every member of a trade union 
ought to be in possession of all the technical 
knowledge and underlying principles per- 

taining to his craft Every anion ought to 
hnvo :i well slocked library and should estab- 
lish a t r:i •!•■ school for tho enlargement of 

tho mechanical knowledge of its members 
and for the teaching of boys. Today, no 
trade union that I know of, makes any at- 
tempt toward the improvement of its mem- 
I ii ujs on trade lines. Labor must get over 
the idea of being mere "commodities." The 
building trades, for instance, should go into 
contracting directly and tho men should not 
wait for capital to employ them or remain 
idle if it does not. Labor should employ 
itself. Fraternally yours, 

L. U. 131, Seattle, Wash. 

To Become Masters of Industrial 
Editor The Carpenter: 

Ts unionism as now conducted by the 
U. B. of C. and J. of A. beneficial to the 
members in general as a means to an ac- 
complished end, or is it only an antidote 
to be continually repeated to counteract ex- 
isting evils and disorders? The very term 
"United" implies a purpose to achieve 
something. It is a combination of units 
merged in one and therefore an independ- 
ent unit adjusted to act to accomplish an 
end. But is there an end accomplished if 
the same acts have to be continually re- 
peated? What is the adjusted act for, or 
the fruit of the act, only to permanently 
ameliorate the obstacles of financial and 
social conditions? 

Does it remove the barriers that impede 
the elimination of conditions that control, 
with unfeeling determination, our social 
comfort and happiness? Does it make bur 
conditions or are we subservient to the 
conditions that master-promoters furnish? 
These are questions that force themselves 
upon us and that require our serious con- 
sideration to devise some business method 
to overcome the hardships in the struggle 
for life in marketing our goods or labor 
and making the organization a prime 
factor in economically controlling our con- 

It is true that through present methods 
we have economized time, giving greater 
facility for mental and social improvement, 
husbanding physical power, enjoying more 


M\t (Earjttttfrr 

hours for home blessings, to have advanced 
our earnings under favorable conditions 
and to mitigate many of the unreasonable 
exactions imposed by heartless employers. 

All this has been accomplished through 
united action but at an enormous outlay of 
capital, time and untold suffering, and 
nothing to prevent the repetition. The co- 
ordinates of the organization have not been 
concreted in their totality to advance the 
evolutionary principles involved in the con- 
ception of unionism with a logical sequence 
of lasting success. The consequence has 
been and still exists, that we are compelled 
to act as the weather vane, by forces over 
which it has no control, the pendulum of 
economic conditions is overlooked. 

What can we do? Make our own condi- 
tions! How? By pooling our financial 
and mental resources and conducting the 
building industry; making the whole or- 
ganization a unit in the disposal of the 
finished product and insuring the purchaser 
a better article for the investment. If the 
organization has within itself the mechan- 
ical and executive ability, to handle large 
and complicated constructions and large 
blocks of capital for others successfully, it 
certainly can change positions. 

Such a procedure is sound business and 
the cornerstone of the whole fabric. It 
would establish a financial fraternity, a 
universal pulsation of determined purpose, 
and equity. We furnish all the sinews of 
financial power for those now engaged; 
therefore, why not be masters of the indus- 
try and our employers and install the safe- 
guards on all constructive work necessary 
to protect life and property, which is to a 
large extent ignored by hurry-up contrac- 
tors and speculators. But from whence 
will come the capital sufficient to float and 
perpetuate such a large business industry? 
Let ns look into the matter of capital, and 
I think it can be done in a safe, legal, busi- 
ness manner with little trouble. 

Becognizing the fact that the organiza- 
tion is a unit, adjusted to act, to achieve 
an end — ' ' the end must be the highest 
attainable good." We must therefore ad- 
mit that all the voluntary pledged property 
of all the members is a part of the adjusted 
act, to be used as resultant to the end. 

Therefore the physical, mental and finan- 
cial holdings of the organization are a part 

and parcel of the whole and form the pro- 
moting capital. The treasuries of the Gen- 
eral Office, the District Councils and lo- 
cals are all subject to diversion for the 
benefit of the whole. 

We have in all those branches of the or- 
ganization about one million dollars as the 
nest egg to launch the industry of build- 
ing. This is the starting point. What 
is next? Become incorporated and capital- 
ized and issue stock sufficient to meet all 
emergencies, to be sold only to members 
of the organization. 

Would members buy the stock? 

They are practically doing the same with 
other corporations. It is a well-known 
fact that the business of the country is 
operated by the wage earnings and savings 
of the producer through banks and other 

The prudent, saving mechanic or laborer 
deposits all his surplus earnings in bank 
for future contingencies and receives in 
return 3 per cent, interest. The bank loans 
those deposits to other promoting parties, 
with stock or bonds, and very frequently 
watered stock, hypothecated as security 
and receive from 7 to 15 per cent, interest 
for said loan. But suppose the loan is not 
paid, then they only have the stock to 
secure the depositor 's money. Now, what 
is the difference in you buying the stock or 
delegate the bank to make the transaction? 
The bank is responsible only to the amount 
of its assets. 

Taking this view of the matter, is not 
the inducement for mechanic or laborer to 
buy in their own corporation twofold; a 
greater return for the investment and capi- 
talizing their own industry and making 
themselves master of the industrial condi- 
tions? It is no wild -cat concern, it is a 
permanent industry, almost limitless in ex- 
tension and earning capacity. It is a safe 
investment and they can realize on the in- 
vestment by selling their labor and receiv- 
ing the profits on the sale through their 
stock ownings. 

Further, if a member wanted to build a 
home his advantages for so doing would be 
greatly enhanced in accomplishing the task. 
Are not all those incontrovertible benefits 
sufficient to make the stock go like hot 
cakes in a maple sugar camp? 

Now we will look at the pessimist 's view 

elhr (Earyrntrr 

or opinion. Be says thai the expense would 
oa1 up all thi! profits rhe expense would 
be less than half at present and everyone 
drawing a Balary would be putting an arti 
.it on the market of more value. We have 

salaried officers in tin- general oilier, gen 

era! I ri.-t council officers, and 

organizers ami business agents, local busi 

ness agents, etc., whereas, if incorporated 

and conducting the industry it would be 
organizer in itself and o elf supporting in- 
stitution and would enlist the best exertions 
of every member to insure its financial 
success for the removal of the barrier in 
the battle for existence. But the pessimist 
comes again with the assertion that, if in- 
corporated, our enemies will bankrupt us 
through damage claims and our competitors 
will drive us to the wall. Enmity will 
then disappear and be replaced by honest 

Our competitors will be the parties to 
surrender because of our mechanical abil- 
ity and everyone a producer and a finan- 
cial factor. The public will be a unit in 
our favor because of the superiority of the 

It is the grand end and should be the 
aim of the organization. 

What have we without this industrial 
element to perpetuate the organization that 
will stand the test under all conditions? 

If we go into the market today to sell 
our labor and demand a certain price we 
can only enforce that price by the weapon 
of strike. Time, money and suffering un- 
told and then perhaps a failure — if a suc- 
cess, only for a day; no cessation. The con- 
ditions we gain today are denied us tomor- 
row and starvation will conquer the brav- 
est heart. When hunger fails the wails of 
loving children and wife does the rest. 
There is only one solution — make our own 
conditions by being master of the industry 
in its financial operation. 

G. H. JJORIC, L. U. 80. 

Chicago, 111. 

Frem. Mount Vernon, Ind 
Editor The Carpenter: 

As the old year has gone and a new year, 
190S, has come in its stead, it is well to 
balance accounts and take an inventory of 
results achieved and ascertain the state 

i affairs for the opening of the spring 
While, undoubtedly, wa have sustained 

some losses in our ranks, the II. If. as a 
whole has I.e. ii pro peroUS and has to 
record a net gain in Local Unions and in 

Yet, BS regards Mt. Vernon, Ind., the 
[i I year has been the most calamitous in 
I ho history of our Local Union 1753. 

Our new scale, calling for an increase of 
5 cents an hour, was agreed to by our em- 
ployers last spring, though there wire vir- 
tually no building operations going on. 
and the work being done was done by 
scabs, which, by the way, was found un- 
satisfactory when completed. Trade has 
been so dull ever since that fully one-half 
of our membership went to other localities 
to secure employment. 

McGregor & Co., planing mill men and 
contractors, run their mill on half time ami, 
on account of lack of orders, did no con 

In view of this deplorable state of af- 
fairs we shall refrain from making any 
trade demands this year and content our- 
selves with a renewal of our present agree- 

We have a firm here known as the Keck- 
Gonneman company, which is absolutely op- 
posed to union labor; they have at this 
time but one union carpenter in their em- 
ploy. This firm manufactures engines, 
threshers and sawmill and mining machin- 
ery. With their manufactures they are 
supplying mines all through the southern 
portion of Illinois, Indiana and Kentucky, 
and we feel that steps should be taken to 
secure the co-operation of the United Mine 
Workers, the molders and machinists in an 
effort to force the Keck-Gonneman com- 
pany to recognize the union and employ 
union labor under union conditions. 

The American Society of Equity could 
also assist us in our endeavor to get re- 
dress for our grievances, as the unfair firm 
mentioned sells threshing rigs to farmers 
in all parts of the West, from southern 
Texas to North Dakota; they even intend 
to contract for buildings this year. 

The present money crisis is having a di- 
verse effect upon organized labor in the 
various localities of this section of the 


While in some places there seems 
a falling off in membership in unorganized 
localities, the men will be apt to connect 
the panic with their condition and both with 
the mismanagement of banks, trust com- 
panies, manufactories and great corpora- 
tions, and finally at this late hour will turn 
to organization as a remedy. 

From all appearances, and it is earnestly 
to be hoped that at the coming elections 
in November next, the popular vote will 
be less governed by party lines than ever 
before. The thinking workingman will not 
follow the bellwether of his party into the 
error of voting for the friends of capital, 
but will ask himself whether the man who 
seeks his support is a friend of the work- 
ingman and will have his interests at heart 
when elected. Fraternally yours, 


Eec. Sec. L. U. 1758. 

Mt. Vernon, Ind. 

From Livingston, Mont. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

Permit me to say a few words on a sub- 
ject which has caused a great deal of per- 
sonal feeling among our own membership. 
As members of a brotherhood we naturally 
claim to be brothers, and certainly are en- 
titled to that epithet, provided we live up 
to our laws and principles. But, do we do 
it? I must say no; at least many of us 
do not. To substantiate my assertion I will 
relate some incidents that have happened in 
tkis village in the past few months and then 
the readers of the journal may judge for 
themselves whether we, the members of L. 
U. 1085, live up to our principles or not. • 

Some time ago, one of our school build- 
ings was partly destroyed by fire. As soon 
as the school board could get the insurance 
adjusted, they commenced to rebuild. The 
work was all day work, conducted under 
the supervision of the president of the 
school board, who is also president of the 
Livingston Concrete Building and Manu- 
facturing Co., a concern which has gained 
notoriety by fighting our eight-hour law 
in the Supreme Court, in which it was le- 
gally defeated. 

When the work on the school building was 
started a carpenter in the employ of the 
Livingston Concrete Building and Manu- 

Sty? (Hnxptnttx 

facturing Co. was put to work on the job, 
who, besides being non-union, was known to 
be antagonistic to the organization. This 
man was twice approached by different 
brothers and asked to join our union. In 
each instance, however, his reply was, "No! 
Never ! " A special meeting was then called 
to consider matters and the union voted 
that we work with the non-union man. But 
one brother emphatically declared that he 
would not go to work unless it was a clean 
job. This simply meant that either the 
brother or the scab had to quit the building 
and, sure enough, next morning the brother 
picked up his tools, looking for another mas- 
ter, while the scab retained his job. 

Now, those brothers who worked along 
side the scab, claim that the brother who 
quit should have acquiesced in the will 
of the majority. This, generally, is good 
advice, but in this case the question arises, 
why should any brother acquiesce in the 
will of the majority, when the majority is 
in the wrong and violating our principles? 

I leave it to the readers to answer that 
question and, no matter what their opinion 
may be, I say, "Don't stoop to personal 
abuse; it is beneath your dignity as a man 
and a member of a brotherhood. ' ' Bear in 
mind that our cause is a humane and noble 
one and that right and justice will ulti- 
mately win despite all obstacles. 
Fraternally yours, 
A MEMBER OF L. U. 1085, 

Livingston, Mont. 

Desires New Department in The 

Editor The Carpenter: 

Believing that the good of our U. B. 
should be paramount in the minds of all its 
members and, as the columns of our official 
journal is the proper medium through which 
to convey our ideas, I wish to offer, as a 
suggestion, a change in The Carpenter. 
My idea is to make the journal all that 
its name implies. At present it is chock- 
full of good, rich food for all members and 
friends of organized labor, and is fully en- 
joyed and appreciated by all who read it, 
but too many of the brothers do not even 
take one home with them. Now, if, without 
in any way lessening any part of the pres- 
ent make-up, there was added a new de- 

Gllir (Ear^trntrr 

partment >I«-\ . ^ t « - . I to practical instruction in 

.•ill matters pertaining to our craft. I ihink 

it would be :i very welcome addition. 

We • ihould emploj a Btaff'for the purpose 
of editing The Cnrpcnter. The editor 
should bo the best mail that can be had and 
no pains or expenso spared to make it the 
best and most complete trade journal in 
existence. Each member would gladly pay 
a small subscription toward defraying the 
added expen e. as many of them are now- 
paying from ono to two dollars per year for 
trade journals that are not so good, as we 
could make and give them ours for much 

Our already overworked G. S. would give 
the time ho now uses for the journal to 
lines pertaining to his office. The Car- 
penter could be put on sale to the general 
public and while its purchasers are studying 
mechanical problems, they will have an op- 
portunity to absorb much knowledge on the 
subject of organized labor. 

I hope the members and readers will ex- 
press their approval of my suggestion, or 
disapproval, as the case may be, in the com- 
ing issues of this journal. 
Fraternally yours, 

GEO. H. EICE, L. U. 1026, 

Urbana, 111. 

A Word of Congratulation. 

Mr. Frank Duffy, General Secretary, U. B. 
C. & J. of A. : 

Dear Sir — Congratulations are certainly 
in order when, at this juncture, and under 
your editorship, The Carpenter begins a new 
volume. I trust its future will far surpass 
your highest expectations. I admire your 
article on the "Panic/' as I have all yours, 
but now it is a very opportune one, coming 
at a sober time for analysis. 
Respectfully yours, 

Croton-on-Hudson, N. T. 

A Successful Trade Movement. 
Editor The Carpenter: 

Not having noticed any news in our offi- 
cial journal from our locality for some time, 
I feel that a few lines for publication 
would not be a waste of time. To start 
with, I will say that L. TJ. 1145, Port Jervis, 
N. Y., is still alive and prosperous. Last 

summer we look n new start; tho first work 
being to revise oar bylaws. Among the 

many changes we made and which received 

tho sanctd t' the U. P. and <;. K. B., was 

the embodying of a clause providing for a 
minimum rate of wages. Tho rato adopted 
is considerably above what, a number of <>nr 

members were receiving and was to go into 

ft hi January 1, 1908. On October 10, last 

year, we passed a resolution to tho effect 
that all our members should receive a raise 
in their wages of 50 Cents per day, and that 
no member work for less than the inininiiini 
rate. The financial panic (or steal), came 
upon ns and some of the brothers became 
a little weakkneed. Hut, by holding a 
meeting every week, we kept the boys to- 
gether, and when the 1st of January arrived 
our minimum scale was agreed to by the 
bosses without any trouble and we are now 
enjoying a 50 cents increase in our wages, 
and neither our bosses nor the public are 
any the worse off on that account. The 
scare was within our own ranks, which 
seems to bo the weak point in many cases. 
Brothers, if there ever was a time for 
united action, it is now, and let us make the 
U. B. the leading organization. 
Yours in union, 
CHAS. E. DAILEY, L. U. 1145, 

Port Jervis, N. Y. 

A Pernicious Plot. 

There probably is no city in the United 
States in which the working people are so 
interested at the present time as Los 
Angeles. Situated in the extreme south- 
western part of the country, hundreds of 
miles from the nearest large city and 
thousands of miles from the great cities of 
the East, it has been selected by the ene- 
mies of labor as the field on which to fight 
the first battle in the present campaign to 
crush unionism inaugurated by the National 
Association of Manufacturers. 

The union-wreckers of Los Angeles have 
raised $100,000 as a war fund. Not only 
that but they are pursuing a policy, the in- 
humanity of which, stands unparalleled in 
the history of the Pacific Coast. 

Notwithstanding the fact that the streets 
of Los Angeles are thronged with destitute 
men, that there are more than fifteen thou- 
sand persons seeking employment, and that 


religious and other organizations have -es- 
tablished soup kitchens to feed the hungry, 
the country is being flooded with literature 
urging mechanics of all trades to come to 
this city, with the utmost disregard of 
truth, statements are made that plenty of 
work can be obtained in southern California 
at high wages. As a result every incoming 
train is crowded with workingmen. 

Believing that if the city is overcrowded 
with workingmen and women the fight for 
existence will be so bitter that the unions 
will be disrupted, the Citizens ' Alliance and 
Los Angeles Times continue their contempti- 
ble work. It matters not to them that thou- 
sands will be forced to the verge of starva- 
tion and to undergo severe suffering, so 
long as the desired result is accomplished. 

But they will not succeed. The working- 
men and women of Los Angeles are de- 
termined to fight to the last ditch in defense 
of their unions. The American Federa- 
tion of Labor is making special efforts to 
protect the working people of this city. Ex- 
perienced organizers are on the ground, and 
more are to come. The union-wreckers will 
eventually learn that American men and 
women can not be reduced to the level of 
Chinese and Japanese. 

Organizer American Federation of Labor. 

Galvanized Nails for Building Purposes. 

One of the rapidly growing industries 
of this country is the production of gal- 
vanized nails for building purposes. Only 
a few years ago their use was confined al- 
most entirely to the seaboard towns, and 
more especially to the boat-building trade. 
Of late years, however, builders in general 
are fast becoming familiar with the satis- 
factory and economical results obtained by 
their use where rusting out would prove 

For such purposes as shingling, slating, 
lathing, fence building, tin and sheet metal 
roofing and fastening steel siding, the 
economy of using galvanized nails is ap- 
parent. While the iron rust which forms 
on a plain nail burns the wood, causing 
premature decay, the zinc oxide forming 
on a galvanized nail acts as a preservative 
and tends to protect the surrounding por- 
tion of the wood from rotting. 

In the olden days the only method pur- 

sued in galvanizing nails was to immerse 
the material in molten zinc by the use of 
perforated baskets, and then throw them 
into water to cool and set the zinc. While 
this method left the nails rough and un- 
sightly, the coating was ample to protect 
them from corrosion. Galvanized nails are 
frequently shown which, after having been 
exposed to the elements for upward of 
thirty or forty years, are found to be in 
perfect condition. 

But the trend of the times is working 
vast changes in this now important indus- 
try., The constant endeavor to lessen the 
cost of production has brought forth nu- 
merous devices and processes, many of 
which, while successful in producing a 
cheap product, owe their success entirely 
to the fact that they enable the operator 
to apply an exceedingly thin film of zinc. 
Some unscrupulous parties, says a writer 
in Metal Industry, even go so far as to 
coat their product with lead or solder, and 
brand it as galvanized. Nails coated by 
these methods naturally prove unsatisfac- 
tory, as they invariably rust out in a short 
time, and the deceived consumer loses 
faith in galvanizing in general. 

While there are many reliable. brands, it 
is a difficult matter, even for an expert, 
to determine from the appearance of a gal- 
vanized nail as to whether or not its coat- 
ing is of sufficient thickness to afford the 
desired protection. Happily we have at 
hand an infallible though simple test which 
may be readily applied at any time. 

Pure zinc, owing to its extremely brittle 
nature, will crackle and flake from a well- 
coated nail when bent at right angles, 
while a thinly-coated nail, or one which has 
been leaded or soldered, may readily be 
bent without noticeably affecting its coat- 
ing. This fact is taken advantage of by 
shrewd buyers, who never fail to apply the 
bending test before accepting galvanized 
nails bearing an unfamiliar brand. It 
should be borne in mind by everyone hav- 
ing occasion to handle these goods, that 
they may determine the thickness and 
quality of the coating and detect an in- 
ferior article as quickly as an expert. — 
Carpentry and Building. 

Trades unionism is being built like species 
of religion — from the ground up. 

Alexandria, La. — All carpenters are urg- 
ently called upon to avoid this place until 
tr.'ulo conditions have changed for the bet- 
ter and until further notice. At pri 
work is very slack and Hie city is full 
of idle carpenters. 

♦ •!• <• 

Portland, Ore. — Trade is in a deplorable 
condition in this section of the country and 
Portland especially. The city and neighbor- 
ing districts are full of idlo men and no 
prospect for employment. Transient broth- 
ers are advised to remain away. 
4. $ 4. 

Reno, Nev. — Sister Local Unions and mi- 
grating brothers will please take notice that 
trade is very dull in this city and business 
is at a standstill. There is no work for 
those that are here and newcomers would 
surely become stranded. Traveling brothers 
are advised to avoid Reno, Nev. 

♦ ♦ *> 

Key West, Fin. — General Organizer W. J. 
Wilson was recently with us for about eight 
days and succeeded in the establishing of a 
Trades and Labor Council, which had the 
effect of setting unionism afloat again. 
Brother Wilson's visit and his effective 
work will long be remembered by our mem- 

♦ 4> * 

Patchogue, L. I.. N. Y. — Many carpen- 
ters are coming to this place lately in search 
of work without securing any. There is a 
large portion of our own men idle and pros- 
pects are very poor for the future. Trade 
is exceedingly dull here, and traveling 
brothers are advised to # steer clear of this 

.j. -j. 4. 

Springfield, HI. — All carpenters are re- 
quested to keep aloof from this city for the 
next few months, as we are making a de- 
mand for a raise in our scale of wages and 
there is a probability of trouble arising 
bet"ween us and our employers on that ac- 

count. Trade is very dull and work very 
scarce at this time. 

+ * * 

Lethbridge, Alta., Can. — For the benefit 
of traveling brothers we desire to state that 
trade is exceedingly dull and as a result, 
95 per cent of the carpenters in this town 
are walking the streets. Transient carpen- 
ters will do a favnr to themselves as well 
as to us by giving Lethbridge, Alta., Can., 
a wide berth until further notice. 
+ + + 

Brownfield, Pa. — Since the financial 
stringency has struck this town, trade ami 
all business is in a deplorable condition. 
The outlook for the summer season is not 
very promising. Transient brothers are ad- 
vised to give this town the pass-by for tho 
present. About two-thirds of the carpen- 
ters here are walking the streets. 

* * * 

Redlands, Cal. — Migrating carpenters are 
urgently requested to give this city a wide 
berth at this time. Owing to scarcity of 
work and general business depression, the 
greater majority of our local men are idle 
with the expectation that dull times will con- 
tinue all winter. There will be no opening 
here until spring trade opens up. Keep 

* * * 

Mulberry, Fla. — There is no foundation 
whatever to the rumor afloat that there is so 
much work going on in this Jocality and if, 
on its strength, carpenters keep on coming 
here, the numbers of unemployed will soon 
exceed the number of those working. It 
will injure both new comers and resident 
brothers. Traveling brothers are advised to 
stay away. 

* * * 

Niagara Falls, Can. — While in the past 
this city was fortunate enough to have 
plenty of work, such is very scarce »t the 
present time and a large number of our 
men are out of employment. In view of 


obtaining trade conditions we would warn 
transient brothers to stay away from this 
city. Any one coming here at this time 
would have to join those brothers already 
walking the streets. 

*> *> "X' 
Saranac Lake, N. Y. — "While trade condi- 
tions in this locality have been fair for some 
time, they are very unsatisfactory at pres- 
ent. We have many brothers idle and good 
mechanics, at that. The contractors, despite 
the surplus of men, are advertising for help, 
which bodes no good for our L. XT. We 
would warn all brothers to pay no attention 
to these ads and advise them to keep away 
from this vicinity for a while, at least. 

♦ ♦ ♦> 

Mount Pleasant, Tex. — Union carpenters 
will please take notice and give the widest 
possible publicity to the fact that we are in 
the midst of a campaign to spread the union 
principle and making an effort to get all 
non-union men in this place into our organ- 
ization. This, naturally, having brought on 
a fight with unfair employers, we would call 
on all transient carpenters to avoid Mount 
Pleasant, Tex., until our differences are 

♦ * ♦ 

Ft. Collins, Colo. — This place is being 
flooded with carpenters from all sections of 
the country, brought here by misleading ad- 
vertisements in the public press. The facts 
are that there is no employment obtain- 
able here, as work is entirely shut down 
on account of the panic and other adverse 
conditions. Our own members are walking 
the streets with not a job in sight, and we 
would advise brother carpenters to stay 
away from Ft. Collins, Colo., until further 

*$* *$* * *$* 

Grand Rapids, Mich. — Ever since the mid- 
dle of last November trade conditions in 
this city have been very bad. At present, 
SO per cent of our carpenters are walking 
the streets and, from all indications, work 
will be slow in starting up this spring. It 
looks as if the contractors' association 
wanted to force a fight upon the building 
trades, taking advantage of the present 
financial depression and in the hope of dis- 
rupting the unions. The journeymen 
plumbers have been locked out for the last 
two weeks, with no prospect of a settle- 

3H|? (Bnxpmttv 

ment. Transient brothers will act wisely 
by remaining away from this city until ii! 
formed of a change for the better in trade 
conditions through the columns of this jour- 
nal. Stay away and give us a chance. 

♦ ♦ * 

Dyersburg, Tenn. — We would request 
traveling brothers not to come to this place 
this winter, as we have more men now than 
the work on hand demands. We are work- 
ing quietly to get our contractors to agree 
to the nine-hour day, and if we are not 
overcrowded with men we hope to meet wil li 
success early next spring. Several of the 
contractors have already granted the shorter 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Owensboro, Ky. — Work is very slack here 
at present and opportunities to earn a liv- 
ing at the trade are rare. Our members 
are always on the alert, trying to land every 
little job that shows up. For two years we 
have been trying to get the nine-hour day 
and a minimum scale of 30 cents an hour, 
and prospects for better conditions are not 
very bright this year, so far, at least. Con- 
ditions being so very unsatisfactory in this 
vicinity, we would advise migrating broth- 
ers to remain away until further notice. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Marshfield, Ore. — It is pitiful to see so 
many brothers led here by advertisements 
in the newspapers when, in fact, there is 
uo building going on and nothing doing 
otherwise. Trade may pick up again in the 
month of May, but what will the many idle 
brothers live on until that time? This is 
the serious problem confronting us today. 
We hope that migrating carpenters will re- 
member that Coos Bay is a good place to 
keep away from; there are scores of men 
now walking the streets with nothing in 

♦ ♦ ♦ 
Evansville, Ind. — Air carpenters are earn- 
estly requested to stay away from this city 
during the current season. Four-fifths of 
our membership are idle and no work in 
sight. There is not a single job being 
operated at this writing. We have members 
now idle from five to eight consecutive 
weeks. Pay no attention to newspaper 
items booming our town ; they emanate from 
real estate agents and are misleading. Any 
carpenter coming to this city this season 

(Hljr (Earprntrr 

will bring hardship upon himself as will 
:is upon residenl members. Remain away. 

+ * + 
Bartlcsville, Okla. This city is over- 
crowded with carpenters and there is but a 
verj limited amount oil building operations 
going on. We find it unwise :il this time to 
advance our scale, as trade conditions will 
not warrant success. . Under the circum- 
stances confronting us, we would warn all 
carpenters not to come here. Work is so 
scarce that we cannot procure employment 
for half of our resident brothers. Stay 
away at tins time and until further notice. 

4. .;- .5. 

Bangor, Me. — Believing il our duty to 
notify traveling brothers of conditions ob- 
taining here today, we would say that work 
in the building line is very scarce and will 
continue so for the next three months. The 
nine-hour day, with a minimum wage of 
$2.50, still prevails in this vicinity, but we 
live in hopes to inaugurate the eight-hour 
day the coming spring. We are greatly 
hampered by non-union men from all sec- 
tions as well as the provinces. To make our 
contemplated movement a success we would 
ask all migrating brothers to aid us by 
steering clear of Bangor, Me. Numbers of 
both union and non-union men are walking 
the streets. 

♦ ♦ 4> 

Milwaukee, Wis. — Owing to the general 
business depression and the slump in build- 
ing operations, about one-half of our mem- 
bership is out of work with no prospects for* 
improved conditions in the near future. 
While we have but two buildings in course 
of construction, reports are sent broadcast 
that work is plentiful in this city. The 
true facts are just the opposite and there 
being no chance for obtaining employment 
at this time, we would earnestly advise 
traveling brothers to give Milwaukee a wide 
berth. We are not in a position to take 
care of our home brothers, and if outsiders 
come here, it will surely aggravate the sit- 
uation. We hope the time will not be far 
distant when we can recall this notice, but 
for the present brothers will act wisely by 
staying away. 

4* *5* *5* 

Muskogee, I. T. — We desire to call the 
Local Unions and brothers' attention to the 
fact that conditions in this city are not as 

advertised in certain papers, There is not 
work enough here to employ half the men; 
be they carpenters or of other trades. The 
advertisements and articles In the papers 

ig thai t in,, hi i In n that 

there is no army of unemployed, are utterly 
and are published by certain panics 

with tin 1 intent to mislead ami for purpO • 

Known to them elve . Laboring men 
will serve their own interests and inn for 
an obligation on those already hero by slay- 
ing away until conditions have improved, 
which, we hope, will be in the near future. 
We are always glad to welcome newcomers 
when times arc good and there is an oppor- 
1 unity for them to earn a living. At pres- 
ent, however, there is nothing doing here, 
and living, rent, etc., are at the top notch. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

Bristol, Conn. — L. L. Stewart, a contractor 
of this place, who has always been unfair 
to union labor, is advertising for carpenters. 
When times were good he could not get men 
to work for him, as he works men nine hours 
per day and pays wages to suit himself. 
Now, work being scarce, he hopes to secure 
men, such, of course, who are not ac- 
quainted with the circumstances. • His son, 
( 'harlcs W. Stewart, who is building a house 
for himself, also wants men. As father 
and son are very unfair to union labor and 
have caused us all the trouble we ever had 
in this town, we advise all union men to 
keep away. Several union men from other 
places who thought they could come here 
and do as they pleased, had to pay a fine 
of $25.00, and others may find themselves 
in the same predicament unless they stay 
away. Our wages are $3.00 per day for 8 
hours. Work is very dull here and very few 
of our members can find employment. 
•$• ♦ ♦ 
A Joyous Affair. 

Decatur, 111. — Local Union 742, of this 
city, gave a social and oyster supper to 
their members, their families and friends, 
Thursday evening, January 30, in G. A. R. 
Hall. It was given to promote good fellow- 
ship among the craft. The boss carpenters 
and non-union men were especially invited 
to attend and many of them responded and 
were royally entertained. The first feature 
on the program preceding the supper was 
an address by Senator James A. Henson,' 
who was the principal speaker, his subject 


being ' ' The Union Label League. ' ' Broth' J 
er Henson's speech was very interesting and 
well received. He was followed by Brother 
G. A. Shanock by a speech in poetry, in 
which he gave his reason for believing that 
more ice cream should have been provided 
and less oysters. Then Brother Walter E. 
Long gave a recitation in the German 
brogue. All had a hearty laugh and settled 
themselves down to eight tables neatly 
arranged and partook of oysters in any 
style and quantity to their hearts' content. 
♦ * * 
A Silver Jubilee. 
St. Catharines, Ont, Can. — On February 
22, L. U. 38, of this city, celebrated its 
twenty -fifth anniversary by holding an ' ' At- 
Home and Smoker ' ' in their meeting hall. 
The doors were thrown open early in the 
morning and all during the day the members 
thoroughly enjoyed themselves in social in- 
tercourse. With nightfall the attendance 
was greatly increased and, after a tasty 
luncheon was served, an interesting program 
of vocal and instrumental music, inter- 
spersed with speeches and recitations, was 
rendered. Local talent, consisting of Broth- 
ers Gordon, Badcliffe, Hilton, Bowels, 
Howe, Campbell, Back and Nicholson as- 
sisted, and their renditions were enthusiast- 
ically received. The whole affair was voted 
a decided success. L. U. 38 was organized 
on February 29, with 10 charter members. 
Its present membership is 110. 

A A A 

Information Wanted. 

John Francis Doyle, a carpenter by 
trade; age, in the thirties; medium size; 
black hair; light brown mustache; last 
heard of three years ago in St. Louis, Mo. 
Any one who knows of his whereabouts or 
can furnish his address, will convey a great 
favor upon his sister, who is very anxious 
to find him, dead or alive, by communicat- 
ing with 


337 East Poplar St., 
DuQuoin, Perry County, 111. 

Daniel Schlenger, a member of L. IT. 
638, Morristown, who mysteriously disap- 
peared about two months ago, is anxiously 
sought for by his wife and family. He is 
5 feet 9 inches in height; weight about 150 

Stye (HnxpmUr 

pounds; of slender build; dark sandy hair 
and mustache; walks awkwardly, both legs 
and feet being deformed. He started out 
one morning looking for work and has not 
returned up to date. Any information as 
to his whereabouts will be thankfully re- 
ceived by his family and the Local Union. 
Write to 

A. B. LOSEY, B. S., Box 213, 

Morristown, N. J. 

Local Union 872, Dodge City, Kans., 
wishes to locate Brother B. F. Beynolds, 
who was a member of the Local Union since 
September 28, 1900, and recently left town 
owing a brother some money advanced him. 
Any information as to his whereabouts will 
be thankfully received by Frank L. Bidge, 
Financial Secretary, or 

K. B. KIRKPATRICK, Eee. See., 

Box 297, Dodge City, Kans. 

A Substitute ior Cedar Wood. 

The huge demand for cedar wood result- 
ing from the constant whittling away of 
countless lead pencils, has almost exhausted 
the supply, and the quantity of cedar, which 
alone is suitable for the purpose, is yearly 
becoming more difficult to find. Manufac- 
turers consequently have given considerable 
attention to the question of discovering 
a substitute, but no other wood at present 
discovered has the same qualities as cedar. 
Various casings for the lead have been tried 
from time to time, and among the latest is 
one which is said to be completely success- 
ful. This is a chemical compound of which 
the chief constituent is potato, and a large 
factory is in course of erection which will 
turn out an enormous yearly aggregate of 
these new pencils. The substance resulting 
from the chemical process is rather heavier 
than cedar wood but cuts more easily, so 
that the pencils will be easier to sharpen. 
The fact that potatoes are more easily pro- 
curable than cedar ought also to cause a 
reduction in the price of the finished article. 
— The Woodworker and Art Metal Worker. 

Not on them the poor rely, 
Not to them looks liberty, 
Who with fawning falsehood cower 
To the wrong, when clothed in power 

— Whittier. 

Movements for Better Conditions. 
District Council. Buffalo. N. V.— By a 
i of the membership of this <Iist ri«-t it 
was decided that we make :i demand upon 
tho • for an advance in wages 

from I' 1 cents to 45 cents per hour to take 
effect on May 1. 1008. 

♦ ♦ •»• 

Local Union 171, Youngstown, O. — On 
January 17 we adopted a new and more ex- 
plicit code of working rules to replace the 
rules now in force. As to wages, we de- 
manded a minimum scale of $3.25 per day 
of 8 hours; the whole to become operative 
on May 1, 1908. 

•:• * * 

Local Union 131-1, Oconomowoc, Wis. — 
tuning secured a minimum rate of 28 cents 
an hour last year, we are now demanding 
for an advance of 7 cents, or 35 cents an 
hour for nine hours' work. Some of our 
contractors are willing to pay tho advance, 
while others are expected to put up a fight. 

Local 1'nion 1496, San Francisco, Cal. — 
This Local Union, composed of mill men, 
has decided to demand of the mill owners 
a raise in wages from $2.50 to $3.00 per 
day minimum. This schedule has unani- 
mously been indorsed by Branch 701 -of A. 
S. of C. & J. of this city. Our working 
hours are s per day; 4S per week. 

♦ ♦ *$• 
Local Union 1094, Mahanoy City, Pa. — 
Our revised trade rules calling for 33 1-3 
cents per hour, an increase of 3 1-3 cents 
per hour, we have made a demand upon the 
contractors to that effect. As most of our 
employers employ union men exclusively and 
there are but very few non-union men in 
this city, with trade conditions fair, we do 
not expect any difficulty in getting our de- 
mands granted on April 1, 1908. 

Local Union 665, Amarillo, Tox. — We 
have adopted a new wage scale changing the 
minimum rate from $3.50 to $4.00 per day 
of 8 hours, and notified the contractors of 
our action. Trade is dull at present but the 
outlook is good and we anticipate little or 
no trouble on May 1, when our demand is 
to take effect. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Local Union 1714, Tamaqua, Pa. — Our 
agreement with the contractors expiring on 
April 1 of this year, we have presented a 
new agreement to the employers which stip- 
ulates our minimum rate of wages at 33 1-3 
cents per. hour, being an increase of 3 1-3 
cents. As our town is pretty well organized 
and all our contractors favorable to the 
union, we have a fair chance of winning 
our demands without any friction. Our 
working time is 9 hours per day with one 
hour off on Saturday. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Local LTnion 495, Streator, 111. — Wages in 
this locality have always been on the slid- 
ing basis and as a natural result, wage con- 
ditions are somewhat demoralized. To over- 
come this unsatisfactory state of things, we 
embodied a clause in our agreement this 
year calling for a minimum scale of 42% 
cents per hour for 8 hours' work and a copy 
of said agreement to be in force from April 
1, 1908, to April 1, 1909, has been pre- 
sented to the employers. The wages paid at 
present range from 37% to 42% cents per 
hour, the amount which we desire to estab- 
lish as a minimum. 

Local Union 1176, Fargo, N. D. — As we 
are still working ten hours per day and as it 
is the general feeling among our member- 
ship that we are, at this late hour, entitled 
to a reduction in working hours, we have 
passed a resolution making our working 
time 9 hours per day and wages 35 cents, 


minimum, per hour, on and after May . 1, 4 
1908. Our wages at present being from 30 
to 35 cents per hour, we are not asking for 
much from the contractors; our demands, 
practically, is one for the recognition of our 
union and for the establishment of a min- 
imum rate. 

♦ * * 

Local "Union 7, Minneapolis, Minn. — At 
a meeting held January 10 this Local Union 
appointed a committee with full power to 
act in an effort to reach an agreement with 
the bosses whereby we would be accorded 
an increase in wages of 2% cents per hour, 
making our minimum scale 45 cents an hour, 
with working rules as before. We fully 
realize the fact that our sister Local Union 
in St. Paul is bent on retaining its pres- 
ent scale, which is 45 cents per hour, and 
intend to resist any reduction. Considering 
the situation, we deem it advisable to come 
up to the requirements of L. U. 87 in St. 
Paul. We have, as yet, not agreed on the 
exact date when we expect our proposed 
increased scale to take effect. 

Shrinkage of Wood When Dried. 

Interesting experiments on the shrinkage 
of wood due to the loss of moisture have re- 
cently been completed by the forest service 
at its timber testing station at Yale Uni- 
versity. These experiments show that green 
wood does not shrink at all in drying until 
the amount of moisture in it has been re- 
duced to about one-third of the dry weight 
of the wood. From this point on to the 
absolutely dry condition, the shrinkage in 
the area of cross-section of the wood is di- 
rectly proportional to the amount of 
moisture removed. 

The shrinkage of wood in a direction 
parallel to the grain is very small; so small 
in comparison with the shrinkage at right 
angles to the grain, that in computing the 
total shiinkage in volume, the longitudinal 
shrinkage may be neglected entirely. 

The volumetric shrinkage varies with dif- 
ferent woods, being about 26 per cent, of 
the dry volume for the species of eucalyptus 
known as Hue gum, and only about 7 per 
cent, for red cedar. For hickory, the shrink- 
age is about 20 per cent, of the dry volume, 
and for longleaf pine about 15 per cent. 

In the usual air-dry condition, from 12 

G% (Bwtpmttt 

to 15 per cent, of moisture still remains in 
the wood, so that the shrinkage from the 
green condition to the air-dry condition is 
only a trifle over half of that from the 
green to the absolutely dry state. — Forest 
Service, Washington, D. C, Trade Bulletin 
No. 17. 

Gas Leaks. 

In searching for gas leaks, trust your 
nose rather than your eyes. Never look for 
a leak with a light; open the doors and 
windows and let out all the gas you can. 
To produce an explosion the gas and the 
air must be present in certain proportions 
before they will ignite, and the necessary 
proportion of gas is far less than that re- 
quired to produce a strong odor. — Wood- 
workers' Review. 

How to Remove Warts. 

To remove a wart, dampen and rub with 
a piece of washing soda. Do this three or 
four times a day for a month, and the wart 
will finally drop off, leaving no mark on the 

Who Killed the Lodge? 

"It's Lodge tonight," said Sister Brown, 
"But I don't think that I'll go down, 
I'm tired and it's rather cold tonight, 
And everything will be all right 
If I'm not there." So she sat and read 
The paper awhile and went to bed, 

And stayed at home from the meeting. 

"It's Lodge tonight," said Brother Gray, 
"But I guess I'd better stay away ; 
I don't like the way the young folk take 
Things in their hands and try to make 
The good of the order all jokes and fun, 
When something sensible ought to be done." 
And he stayed at home from the meeting. 

Thus one and another made excuse, 
And said they did not see the use, 
As long as their monthly dues were paid. 
Whether they went or whether they stayed 
Away from the Lodge on meeting night, 
And argued to prove that they were right 
In staying at home from the meeting. 

The commander and officers of the Lodge, 
And the faithful few who didn't dodge 
Around their duty and try to shirk, 
But did their own and the other's work, 
Grew tired at last, and in dismay, 
Saw their charter taken away 

Because all stayed at home from the meet- 

— The Golden Seal Review. 

Drawing Ellipses. 
(By Milt. .11 Logan.) 
I herewith present a few aketches which 
I hope will be instructive and may serve to 
help the apprentice on the road to become 
a mechanic. I do not claim anything new, 
or that has never been done before, but in 
the interest of the union carpenter I am giv- 
ing out the best I have, hoping that it may 
help some one to a correct way of setting 
out his work so he can execute the same in 
a workmanlike manner, and onlookers will 
not think he is working by rule of thumbs. 
I think it would tend to get up an interest 
if our boys would ask questions and advice 
how to do certain kinds of work, and have 
these questions answered by sketches and 



i_ — 1 




A— - 

V \ 

— /<<- 

/YoS^~ — 





Coordinate method of drawing an ellipse; 
sketch showing % of same. 

Method of drawing an elliptic arch, on a level, by ordinates. 

Method of drawing an ascending eliptic arch, in a straight wall. 


This sketch shows a method of cutting a 
hole through the roof of a boiler-house for 

the smoke-stack. In the sketch the plane 
cutting the cylinder, or the pitch of roof, 
is % pitch. The form of the elliptic curve 
in the roof is governed by the pitch of roof. 



strike two full circles, their circumferences 
touching. The greater circle' is struck with 
a radius of about 1% diameter of small 
circles. The sketch also shows how to draw 
a tangent to an ellipse. From the foci a a, 
lines are drawn, cutting the curve at a point 
where the tangent touches the same. The 
extension of the lines form the angle A, 
bisected by the line 0. The tangent is 
drawn at right angles to this line. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

In the article "Eoof Problem," by J. 
Barry in the December number of The Car- 
penter I noticed that he used the figure 17 
on the blade of the square with the figure 6 
on the tongue, and took the diagonal with 
a pocket rule. Now, this method, while used 
by many, is not correct. In using 17 he 
has assumed that 17 is the diagonal of 12 
and 12, which is not the case. The diagonal 
of 12 and 12 is 16 15-16. In the roof in 
question the hip rafter would be much too 

If you will give me space I will explain 
the correct method of laying out the roof 
in question. 

Using 6 and 12 for the common rafter 
we find that 13% inches is the diagonal of 
6 and 12, then 8 times 13% is the length 
of the common rafter or 8 feet 11 inches. 
Now take 8 11-12 on the blade of the square 
and half the width of the roof or 8 on the 
tongue and we find the diagonal is 11 feet 
11% inches which is the correct length of 
the hip. Fraternally yours, 

F. H. LOCKWOOD, Local 1361. 

Alameda, Cal. 

An oval, and close resemblance of an 
ellipse. When length of oval is determined, 

Sliding Door Hints. 

There are things about the sliding door 
that should not be overlooked. The 
bumper, for instance, is sometimes forogt- 
ten to be put in the back end of the pocket, 
before the ceiling of same, or the plastering 
is done. Then again if the bumper is pro- 
vided for, more than likely it is simply a 
block, a piece of two-by-four nailed on the 
floor, so that when the door is run back 
the momentum of same causes the top to 
move on beyond the proper stopping place, 
then there is a sudden rebound and an un- 
necessary jar that is anything but helpful 
to the door, and the adjustment of the 
hanger. — Woodworkers ' Beview. 

©hr (Earjmttpr 

Truss Roof tor Small Hall. 
J. Barry.) 

I l i . :ili\:n s do limbic ill til Dgl 

mall church or hall o gain aa 

much space as possible above main wnlls 01 
plates, .•mil .-i! the Ban e time make 
suppo panying sketch n n 

n roof of sucl nstruction and one thai 

has been extensively used for a long time. 

shown bj dotted lines in Bketch, are r m 


The Becond Bketch shows another construe 
tion "i" ti mnll roof, which "ill be 

found very rigid, and utili i ill the Bpace 
under roof j be ide . the timl 01 can all be 

lefl i nil ornamented and Btained 

to taste. 

The timbers for :i roof nf i lii s size, 30 


There will, nf course, in roofs of this 
kind, lie a tendency to sag in the middle. 
In order to prevent this sagging and spread- 


to 40 feet wide should be as follows: 

Mais rafters, 8x10 inches; collar beams, 
8x8 inches; wall plates, 6x8 inches; main 
posts, 8x8 inches; single braces, 8 inches 
thick, same as main timbers (rafters), and 
to he bolted through main timl era as shown 
in Fig. 2. 

These sketches may be used separately as 
you see fit. Fig. 2 can be sheathed up 
against rafters between trusses or rafters 
lefl exposed and chamfered on under side, 
if tongued and bended sheathing be nailed 
on outside. 


ing of plates two iron rods running through 
top of main truss rafter ami the tie beam 
where main brace crosses tie beam, which is 

To Lay Out Side Bevels for Two Pitches 
(By J. Barry.) 

The line A B, in this sketch represents 
valley rafter. To find side bevel of valley 
rafter against outside face of plate, lay off 
on plan exact thickness of rafter, parallel 
with line A- B as shown at C D. then square 
across from A to E, and the distance from 
E to D is the distance between the two 
down bevels on that side of rafter. 

Mark diagonal A D on underside of rafter 


which must fit exactly against outside face 
of plate. The side bevels of all jacks are" 
found by same method. 

Square across from K to M, and distance 
from M to A is the distance between the 
two down bevels. Mark the diagonal A K 

The line A F represents one side of jack 
rafter for 9-inch pitch roof. 

Find exact thickness of rafter and lay 
it off on plan parallel with A F, as shown 
by line G H, then square across from G to 
I, and distance from A to I is the distance 
between the two down bevels on the jack 

Mark the diagonal A G, which will be 
side bevel against the valley for 9-inch pitch 

The side bevel against the hip for 6-inch 
pitch roof must be found by same method, 
but the bevel will be longer. 

The line A J represents one side of jack 
rpfter and K and L the other side or 

and you have the side bevel against the 
valley for the 6-inch pitch roof. 

The Borrowing Habit. 

.Tools cost one workman as much as an- 
other, and the borrower usually can afford 
to buy them just as well as the lender. 
Borrowed tools are not always handled 
gently, and it is an imposition to expect a 
man's friends to pay for the tools he uses. 
If each man tries to be independent of the 
other in this respect it will add materially 
to the efficiency of the entire force, and 
when it is really necessary to borrow, or 
help of any kind is needed, the infrequency 
of the necessity will induce a greater spirit 
of co-operation. — Machinery. 

Derfjanblungcn bit erften Dierteljafj 

resfi$ung, $08, bts General 

(Erefutrc Soarb. 

HBaljrenb ber ;!cit 'tniuncn bet icbtcu tmb 
bcr nun ftattfinbenbcn stfeung, rourbe fol^ 
genbe angelegenljeit Ir>niiii bneflidjen SKei* 
nungSauStaufaj untcr ben SBoarbtmtgliebern 

©efudj bee Bulufii, Winn., ?. E. urn 
niian jieue llnierjtummg auSgefcrjIoffener 
SKitgliebet beS SiftriftS. Sic ©umme bon 
$2,000 Ipurbc bcipiliigt. 

18. Januar, 

anroefenbe SRitgliebet iini> : fBotjtfeenbet 
SEBnt. ©. Sdiarbt, ©efrctiir St. E. 8. ©on* 
luiflii, ^-atfon, ^oft, 2Ba!quift unb iyolct). 

Sie ffleridjte beS ©. '1>. unb bcr beiben 
58. sp. loerben berlefen, cnoogcu unb ben 
SBKtcn einberleibt. Sefjgleidjen ber SBeridji 
bcr Selegaten gut fefeten Ronbention bcr ST. 
g. of 2. 

Set ©. ©. luirb nngctpicfen firti mil 
llnioiui'udibriicfcrfirmcn in !§nbianapoIi£, 
Eljicago, Cincinnati unb Elcbclanb 6etreff§ 
Einrcidtung son vlngeboten fiir ben Srucf 
be§ offijjiefien [Journal's in SSerBinbung gu 

§>a§ Somite fiir Knfauf eincS, gur (5r= 
ting eine§ §trubtquartir§ paffenben 
©runbftud*e§, crfrattet SBeridji unb bcr SSoatb 
begibt fid) an Drt unb ©telle um berfdiicbcuc 
offetirte ©runbfriitfc in augenfdjein 311 neb* 

14. ^anuar. 

Ein ©djreiben bcr amalgamate!) ©ocictn 
of Carpenters unb JotnerS, bc^iicjlidi Gr= 
neuerung cineS SlartellbertragcS jfoifdjen 
obiger ©rganifation unb ber SJ. 93. Iiegt bor. 

E-3 roirb befcfiloilen, bajj, i>a ben Sijtrift 
Councils ba§ Jftcdjt gufteljt SSertrage tofatcn 
CrjarafterS eingugefjeu, e§ biefen frciftefjen 
folte, it/re bi§ber befterjenbe S3ertrage mit bcr 
St. ©. of G. unb g. gu crncucru obcr fid) 
iibcr Sleriberungen ,511 berftanbigen, roie fdjon 
in bcr Cltoberiiteuug entfdjieben rourbe. 

Sin ©cfucb be§ Spljilabelpljia S. S. um 
©elbberoiKigung mirb guriicfgclegt b\S bie 
bereit-3 bom ©. 5p. bcrlangte tpcirerc ,^nfor= 
motion iibcr bic gegenroartige Sage in spijilas 
bctbfiia, eingclaufcn ift. llcber bie bi§t)er 
im jftrtereffe 'PbitabcIpbia'S berau§gablen 
Oielbcr Iiegt cin 21u-3roei* ber 0. O. bo'r, roel* 
djer gepriift unb gu ben ?ltten gefegt roirb. 

StnlaRlicb eine§ ©cbreibcn§ be§ <3Jrof5 3?ero= 
port'er S. 5. eine 3uri§biftion§s©treitfrage 
groifdjen Earpentcr unb SJtetallarbeiter be* 
rreffenb, roirb ber ©. ^5. erfucbt ein Somite 

unfererfeitS gu ernennen, tcelcbeS mit einem 
flomtte bet SKetoHatbettet bic ©tteitfraae 
etorten unb einen frieblidjen HuSgleid) trcf» 
fen foD. 

appellation ber 8. 11. 304, ©an ftraii; 
ciSco, gegen bic ©ntfdjelbung bee ©. v lv im 
("vnllc bcr v'lppcKantcn gegen bcu 'Zan §ran« 
ciSco r. E, Det 83oatS finbeJ baS borlte 
genbe fSetoeiSmatetial unbollftanbig unb bet' 
lueiit bie iBefdjroerbe ber 8, u, 804 nodjmals 
m\ ^eu ©. jj}. gu toeiteret ttnterfuc|ung bcr 
baiiiit berfnupjten (Singel^eiten. 

Gin ©ituahonSbeticgi auS ©ubuaue, %a. t 
luirb bcrtefcu unb erlebigt. 

appellation bcr 2. II. 985 ©art), %l\t>., gc= 
gen bic ©ntfdjeibung bc§ ©. SJJ. im m&e 
eineS, bem Siftrifi nia)t angeborcuben 2Tcit= 
gliebeS, loeldjeS bom Safe Eountp ©. S. mit 
eiucr ©elbftrafe belegt tourbe. 2)ic Gnt= 
fdjeibung beS ©. sp. niitb auftedjt etBalten. 

©tans Dlapib§, SPZid)., untcrbrcitct einen 
siruationSbeticrji unb erfudjt um finangiellen 
SBeiftanb. Sic ©umme bon $1">0 mirb bcr 
8. II. 33B fflranb iRapib?, SKia)., angcioic 

l"i. ^anuar. 

appellation bcr 8. It. 325 Ifaterfon, 3?. «., 
gegen bic Eutfrficibung bc§ ©. sp. im gallc 
ber appeHanten gegen 2. 11. 22 ©an gran= 
cicSco, loorin c-3 iid) um cine Jyreifartc ban= 
belt. Sic appellation roirb abgeroiefcu. 

appellation bcr 2. 11. 72 SRodSefter, 92. p., 
gegen bic Entfrbeibung be? ©. ^., in roclrftcr 
er ben ncucn Sofafgcfcticii bcr ?Ippe0antcu 
Sanltion berroeigerte. Scr Gntfcfieibung 
be§ ©. 5p. mirb gugeftirmnt unb bie Slppetla« 
Hon abgeroiefen. 

Sem ©. sp. loirb bic Gntfcnbung einc§ 

■ C cganifator§ nad) bem rocftlicbcn Scile be§ 

-staateS spennft)Ibania unb bem angreruens 

tien Jcilc bc3 Staatc-3 Sicro g)orf cmpfoblen. 

3n Erlebigung eine§, bon 2. 11. 132 
2BafI)ington, S- E., eingelaufenen 93eridjte§ 
iibcr ben ShiSftanbe in jener ©tabt, roirb ber 
@. S. inftruirt bic SluSjablung bcr llnter= 
ftiieungggelber an bie SBafbingtoncr 3KitgIic= 
bcr fcrt.sufctjcn. 

appellation OJeo. 3T. SBaltcr'S bon 2. 11. 
26 ©pracuSe, 52. J>)., gegen bie Entfdjcibung 
be§ (V). 5p. im "fictile be§ Slppellanten gegen 
erroafinte 2ofal4lnion. Scr 93oarb finbet, 
bar, bcr SIppctlant fiir fcin SBerlajfen ber 
itabt am 2abor Sap gefetslidi anerfennbare 
(iiritubc borbradite unb babcr nidjt ftraf= 
fallig mar, unb bie Entfdjeibung be§ ©. 5p. 
in biefem gaHe toirb umgeftofjen. 

16. 3 an uar. 

appellation be§ SOTitgliebeS 3. §. iRicc 


unb Stnberer gegen bie Entfd)eibung beg @. 
5)5. im gaEe ber StpeEanten gegen 2. II. 528 
®enber, Eolo. SBirb abgeroiefen unb bie 
Enrfdjeibung aufredjt erliatten. ®agfetbc 
gefanefit in folgenbcn atmlid)en gcitten: X. 
,<g. ^o^nfon gegen bent 2)cempl)ig, SEenn., 
®. E., $of)nfcn SlppeOcmt; 2. It. 611 3ieto 
§aben, Eonn., gegen 2. II. 79, bagfelbft; 2. 
II. 79, SIppeEant; 253. §. ©mitl) gegen ben 
EbarleSton, ©. 6., ®. E., ©miif,, SIppeEant; 
Stomas 5pidnet) unb Sinbere gegen ben 
Ebarlegton, ©. E., ®. E.; qStcfnetj unb Sin* 
bere SIppeEanten; SI. §. SSeattt) gegen 2. II. 
328 ©aft 2iberpool, O., Severe bie Sippet* 
lanten; 2ouig ©. £>igb gegen ben 9Jero SJorf 
Eitp ®. E., ijigb, appellant. 

Sent ®at|ton, €)., ®. 6. nrirb bie ©umme 
Bon $200 fur Organifationggroede behriEigt. 

©ituationgbericrjt au§ ©ulutt), Etinn., 
fiegt bor unb roirb bie ©untnte bon $1,200 
gur llnterftiiljung bet. bort au§gefd)Ioffenen 
iUi'itglieber bettriEigt. 

17. ^anuar. 
SIppeEation SB. 253. 5Bantine'g gegen bie 

Entfdjeibung beg @. 5)3. int gaEe beg Sippet* 
lanten gegen ben SBuffalo, 9i. 2_)., ®. E. ®er 
58oarb ftnbet, bafg ber ©. 5(5. ber eigentlidjen 
SBefdjhjerbe nidjt 8ted)nung getragen unb 
febigiid) iiber bie untertaufenbe $urigbif* 
tiongfrage eine Entfdjeibung getroffen fjat. 
®er 58oarb befdjtiefgt: „Ein S. E. f,at ntdjt 
bag fJtedjt iiber Sonftitutiongberle^ungen ah' 
guttrteilen, bieg ift <&a$t ber 2otaI=llnion 
unb trier gegen ein gefallteS Ilrteil Einroanb 
erljeben foEte, bat ®ag Ctedjt an ben @. 5)5. 
gu appeEiren." Slug biefen ©riinben ent* 
fdjeibet ber 58oarb gu ©unften be§ SlppeEan* 
ten unb bie Entfdjeibung beg ©. 5)5. nrirb urn* 

©efud) ber 2. II. 1093 ©len Eobe, 3L SJ., 
urn ©eneljmigung eincr ©eroertgforberung. 
SBtrb guriidgelegt big bag auggefiilite grage* 
formular unb roeitere Eingelfjeiten, iiber bie 
gegenroartige ©eroerfglage an bent Orte, 

©efud) ber 2. II. 638 SJJorrigtoron, 31. £., 
unt Erlaubnig gur Erlaffung eineg SlufrufeS 
an bie 2otaI=llnionen unt finangieEen £>ilfe. 
Sffiirb abgeleb,nt. 

©efud) ber 2. U. 617 SBancouber, 58. E., 
Ean., unt 58ergiitung ibrer int le^ten 2Iu§= 
ftanbe erlittenen llnloften. SEBirb nid)t ge= 

®er S. U. 124 58rabforb, 5)5a., ftrirb bie 
©untnte bon $100 ^ur llnterftii^ung ifirer 
in ib^rent ®ampfe nttt ben Sirbeitgebern be= 
troffenen SKitglieber betoiEigt. 

®ent Santon, £)., ®. E. roirb bie ©umtnc 
bon $100 gu CrganifationSgniecIen angehrie« 
fen, unb bie gleid)e ©umme ber 2. II. 605 
5)5ort§moutE), 5Ca., gu ab,nlid)en Qtbeifen. 

Ein ©efudj be§ ©an SIntonia, 5Eej;., ®. E. 
um finangieEen 58eiftanb in i^rer 58etam= 
pfung einer Coljnberrurgung roirb bi§ gum 
Eintreffen nfiberer Eingel^eiten gurudge» 

18. £>anuar. 
®ie ©eroerfSforberungen fotgenber CoJal* 


®J|p (&ntpmttx 

llnionen, lneldie auf fiob.ner^bbungen, 58er« 
fiirgung ber Strbeit§geit ober Sinerteunung 
iljrer Union Ijingielen, tnerben gejwljtnigt unb 
fhtangiette fitlfe gugefagt: 8. i|i>>348 Sffia* 
terbiEe, 3Ke.; 2. II. 472 SIfb/Ianb, Ktj.; 2. XL. 
495 ©treator, %SL; 2. XL. 556, KeabSbiae, 
5)5a.; 2. XL. 1034 OSMoofa, ga.; 2. XL. 
1069, 2Ku3cathie, %a. 

20. ^anuar. 
®ie ©efudje fotgenber 2ofal«llnionen um 

©enebmigung ib,rer ©eroerf'Sforberungen 
Inerben gelnabrt; bie grage beS ftnangieSen 
58eiftanbe§ foE erbrtet roerben fobalb fid) 
letstercr al§ notlncnbig erroeift: 2. II. 43 
2a Eroffe, 5ESiS.; 1496 gre§no, Eat.; 1725 
Satjtona, gla.; 1761, ©olbfielb, 3Jeb.; 1821 
9iid)monb, S^o.; 838 ©unburp, 5)5a.; 492 
Dieabing, 5)Sa. 

Ein ab,nlid)c§ ©efud) ber 2. 11. 236 
ElartSburg, 5ffi. 5Sa., roirb roegen mangel* 
Ijafter Singaben iiber bie (situation unb ben 
©tanb ber Crganifation, guriiclgelegt bi§ 
babingebenbe information eingelaufen ift. 

Ein Somite ber 2. II. 183 5)5eoria, ^E., 
erfdjeint betreffS eine§ gegen bie 2. II. fd)roe= 
benben 5)5rogef5berfabren§. ®er gaE roirb 
erbrtert unb 2. II. 183 bie ©umme bon $500 
gur 58eftreitung ibrer 5)Srogef3foften ange« 

2. II. 1494 Keroport 3Jero§, 5Ba., erfudji 
um Suriiderftatrung ber S!opffteuer fiir gtoei 
5Uionate. ©efud) roirb abgetoiefen. 

©efud) ber 2. II. 1824 58ofton, 3J£aff., um 
©rlaubm§ arbeit§Iofen SUitgliebern bie 58ei^ 
trage, auf3er ber Sfopffteuer, gu erlaffen. 

SKirb al§ unfonftitutioneE ertlart unb ah* 
gcnriefen unb ber 2. 11. empfobjen ibren ar= 
bcit§Iofen SJJitgliebern in anberer 5Beife bei= 
gufteb,en unb e§ ib,nen gu ermogIid)en ifjre 
boEen 58eitrage gu entridjten. 

®er ©efud] ber 2. U. 999 SWi. SBernon, 
^E., um ©enefjtnigung ibrer @eroerI§for» 
berung roirb abgenriefen rocil in le^terer bor= 
gcfeljen ift, ba| bie SJiitglieber einen SEeil 
ibre§ gu erb,bl)enben 2obne§ an bie Strbeits 
geber guriiderftatten foEen. 

Ein abnlid)eg ©efudi ber 2. II. 568 2in= 
coin, £sE-, toirb an biefelbe guriidberhriefen 
um einen SJJinimaEobn feftgufc^en. 5J5enn 
bie§ gefdjeljen lnirb ber 58oarb bag ©efud) 
in Erlnctgung gieben. 

21. ^anuar. 
®ie ©eroerlgforberungen ber 2ofaI*Ilnio« 

nen 1766 gogtoria, SE-, unb 605 5(5ort§< 
moutb, 58a., erbalten bie ©enebmigung be§ 

Eine ©eroertgforberung be§ 58ofton, Sftaff., 
®iftrift roirb . bi§ gum Eintreffen naljerer 
information gurudgelegt. 

@. 5)5. sjuber, @. ©. ®uffp unb 5Borfi|en= 
ber bc§ 58oarb, ©djarbt, roerben alg Somite 
ertoablt um ben S'auf eineg gum £>auptquar= 
tier geeigneten ©ruiibfriideg aogufdjliefeen 
unb bie meiteren notigen ©d)ritte gu tun. 
gerner, um ein $ntorporation§botument 
augguarbeiten, toeldjeg ber llrabftimmung 
unierbreitet roerben foE, unb ferner um einen 
58auplan augarbeiten gu laffen unb Singer 

(Hhr (Sarjirttfo: 

bote iiiv Stridjrung befl Offqjegebirubefl enl 
gegen gu ncbnicn unb in ber naqften Sibling 
® e. -.'>. bieriibet SBetidjI ,m etftatten, 

Da bic PpBcn^am sptefj in ynbianapolifl 
biu- nibrtgfte Hngebot fill ben Dtud befl 
Journal's cingcretdjt banc, it)itb bet Ron 
iiiiii fi'iv bic S>rud!« unb fonftigen iitunit 
uet&unben SCtoeiten, gu t^ c i h Kortenbetrage 
turn $1,652.76 pei SRonat, uno fiit bie 
Dauet eineS ,\abrcv, an biefe girma bet< 

Gin ^direibcn t>cv yamilton Gouuw, £ , 
5>. S. tcilt init, tiaft in Cincinnati ein ®e 
viidit utngeije, monad) gelegentlidj unb bei 
l^oii Sivbcitcu an bet Sommerciat National 
SBanl in S^icago, Sdjhrinbelerin borgefom* 
men feien an benen SBertreter bcr SB. So. 6e» 
teiligi getoefen unb toiinfdjt bet SD. G. cine 
Unterfudjung biefe-? galeS einguleiten. Ser 
SBoatb hat tc ein batjingefienbeS ©efudi an 
ben Gbicago £). 6. gcriditet uni> nrirb in 
beffen i'erirfit iibcr bic Slugclcgcnbcit erllcirt, 
batj bie Unrerfudjung feineilei Joetneife, bic 
einen 'i'crbatfit beredjtigen fonnten, ergeben 
babe. Scr ©. S. toirb angcioicfeu bem 
Samilton Gountti S. G. cine Sfbfdjnft bicfe3 
S8erid)te§ 3ti3ufcnbcn. 

22. ganuat, 
Son SBtjeeling, 2B. S?a., taufi ein -1'cridit 

iitcr bic ©djlidjhing bc§ bortigen StuSftanbcs 
ein, lueTdjer ben Stften cinoericibt rotrb. 

Sic ©ciocrfsforbcningcn folgenber Cofals 
Unionen toerben genetjmigt unb befdjtoffen 
uadi roeiteren einlaufenben Wadjridjrcn abet 
FinangieQen SBeiftaub i'crfiigungen 3U treffen; 
SBljoming SSaHcti, %ia., S. G.; 2. U. 1314 
Oconomohjoc, 25>t§. ; 1813 Sett Gitt), %nb.; 
2Kobitc, Stla., S. G.; 358 Sipton, %nb.; 71 
gort Smitft, SIrf. 

2. 11. 110 St. SofepI), 3Ko., ift in einen 
fiampf mit ben Strbcitgebem ocrrotdelt unb 
roirb ifjr bic Summe Bon $50 bcroiHigt. 

33oarbmitgIicb ^Soft roirb in fcinem .v>ct= 
matSortc btingenb berlangt unb bcfgbatb bon 
toeiterem Si^ungSbcfudje entbunben. 

23. ^onuar. 

Sic ©eroert§forbcrungen folgenber S. 
G.'S unb Sofalsllnioncn roerben genefjmtgt 
unb finangiette llnterftittmng,. im gallc fid) 
biefe notroenbig crrocifgt, gugefaat: Suffalo, 
9?. S]., S. G.; 2. It. 1454 Guba, gH.; 276 
Oflaljoma Gitt), Ota.; 2orocI(, SKaff., S. G.; 
1407 5}?errt), 5?. g).; 18 Hamilton, Out., 

Ser 2out§0iHc, St)., S). G. foridft in ciuem 
emgetaufenen Scbreiben feincn San! fair bie, 
bem Siftritt fciteng ber ©. C geletftete ©ilfe 
in ibrer ©eroerfsbetoeguug aul. 

SIppcHation bcr 2. It. 129G ajJcnbota, gtt., 
gegen bie Gntfdjetbuna, be§ @. (s. in bcr 
bcrferbe im garte St. St. 9Iu§tin'§ bie Stu§= 
jablung beB Sterbegelbe» oernjeigert. SKits 
gliebSbucb unb StuSjug au£ ben ginang' 
bucbern bcr 2. U. 1296 seigen, baf3 ba§ ber= 
ftorbene OTitglieb im Jiobembcr tcfeten ^sab* 
re§ auf3cr S3encfit fam unb am Jage feine§ 
Sobc-3 nod) nidit toicber brei 2)?onnte tang 

gutfteljenb hjat. Die Entfcfieibung toirb mif 
(Stunt) befl ipatagtap^en 106 unb 107 bet 
fflen. Mouii. auftecbl et^alten, 

viiu'clliiiioii bev M. 11 i:t!>1 .Stnnfacf Gitt), 
Mail., gegen bie Cntfcbeibung bc« Q. ©. 
ciuem Hirer SRitgliebet (infauoeneftl bettnei 
getnb. Ta Se!t, IB bet Ben. ftonft. in ticfem 
,viilU- niiht I'cotmditct unb bic fjfotbetung eijl 
uadi niehv benit ,uoci ^atjren mtdi bt'iu tin 
fait geltenb gemaajl Icurbe, ba efl fetnet nidjt 
edpiejen ift, bai', bie 81tbeit8unfcu)igleii be<s 
'.'Jiitgliebi'v bie h'Ofgc bc-3 llufallcy ift, loirb 
bie appeHation abgetoiefen. 

VUUH'llation bcr V. It. 1600 Stetoton, 
u'uu'i , peaen bie Entfdjeibung beS ©. <5. in 
ber bcrfeU'c bie gorberung fiir ©tcrbcgclb im 
aii lie Garl ^anfon'S juruccMieS. Scr Gnt= 
fdjeibung loirb gugeftunmt unb bie Slppctta* 
tiou afigeiniefen. 

SaSfcItie gcfd)ict)t im iibnlidien, bem gfotte 
M-veb. ^adfon'.?, Hon 2. U. 1084 51. Gl)adc-5, 

24. ganuar. 

Stppetlation bcr 2. 11. 539 ?I§f)tabuta, D., 
gegen bic ©ntfdjeibung bcu ©. S. im Stetbee 
fatte 9to§muS Gtjriftenfon'^, in locldiem bet 
©. S. bie gorbcrung fiir ©tcrbcgclb nid)t 
aneriannte. Sic Gntfdjcibung btcibt gutedjt 

Stppetlation bcr 2. U. 6 Slmfterbam, 9?. 5J., 
gegen bic Slbtucifung bcr gotberung ;)tobcrt 
.Ciomfct)'§ Unfatlbcucfit betreffenb. Sa bic 
gorberung nicbt inncrfialb bed in @ctt. 125 
ber @cn. fionft. feftgefe^ten 8eittaume3 er= 
f)obcn tourbc, loirb bie abtct)nenbc Gntfd)ei= 
bung be» &. ©. aufrcdjt erbaftcn. 

Sic (SctoertSforberungcn ber 2. It. 568 
2incotn, Web., bc§ OTouroc Gouutn S. G. unb 
bcr 2. It. 978 ©pringficlb, Wo., roerben ge* 

Stppeaatiou bc§ 2. U. 774 9?cro Sjor! Gitt) 
gegen bic Gntfdktbung be§ &. ©. bem 27Jit= 
gltebe Gbgar Sattman grauen=©tcrbcgetb 
oerroeigernb. Sa§ STZitgtieb fdfutbete bor 
bem SobeSfaHe iibcr fedja SJJonatSbeitracie 
unb ftanb 3ur 3cit aufjerbatb ber Crganifa= 
lion. Sie Stppetlation toirb baljer abgcroie= 
fen unb 2. 11. 774 angetoicfen SaHman bon 
ben Siicbern 3U ftreicT)cn unb cbentuctl nur 
a[§ neueS Stfitglicb roieber aufguuebmen. 

SSon Serrott, SKidj., unb 2oui§bitte, Sp., 
tuarcn Sttefoluttoncn iiber bie gegenrodrtigc 
Srifc bcrcn ltrfacbe unb SBirfung cingelau* 
fen, iueldie berlefen unb ben Stften ctnber= 
teibt toerben. 

Gin Sdjreiben bon 2. II. 470 Sacoma, 
SEafb., begucjlid) ber iljr im 3 anuar 190 7 
beroilltgten llntcrftiifeungSgelber im S3etragc 
bon $1,000. Sic Slngelegenljeit ift in friibe= 
ren Sifeungen erbrtert roorben, unb au£ etn= 
getaufenen 33erid)ten bcr 2. 11. 1907 roar gu 
erfeben, bafj bon bem bcroitltgten SBetrage 
$612.20 nidft berauggabt rourben, toelctie 
Summe ber SBoarb bcanfprudjte. Ser &. ©. 
bcrtcbtet nur $549.30 biefer Summe 3uriicE= 
erbalten gu baben unb befditiefjt ber 33oarb 
bie guritderftattung be§ 9ted)te§ bon $62.20 
gu bcrlangen unb feine roeiteren ltuterftiife^ 


ungggefudje ber 2. 11. gu beriidfidjtigen fo 
lange biefer SReft ber ©. Q. nidjt gugegan* . 
gen ift 

Ein ©efudj ber 2. 11. 761 ©oref, (Jan., um 
tocitere finangieHe Itnterftiit^ung toirb db* 
fdjtagtidj befdjieben. 

Sine bom SBatjne Sountb, Mid)., ©. E. 
gefagtc Siefolution toirb bertefen unb gu ben 
?ttrcn gelegt; bag ©efudj beg ©efretar'g um 
S3ctoi(ligitng Son $150 toirb abgetetjnt. 

©in ©direiben beg SCctebo, £>., ©. E. be* 
treffg ber girma 93entlt) & ©ong toirb ber* 
tefen unb erfebtgt. 

25. 2scmuar. 

©in Stugtocig beg S3ofton S. E. iiber im 
Qntereffe ber ©fjoparbeiter berauggabte unb 
friifjer bon bem 33oarb betoitligte ©elber, 
toirb erortert unb gu ben Slften gelegt. 

S3om Etjicago ®. £. tear ein ©djreiben 
betreffg einer SraiSbifttonSfrage eingetaufert 
unb toirb bie Slngetegenfjeit an ben @. 3£. 
bertoiefen um bie St. g. of 2. gu beranlaffen 
gum ©dju^e unferer Mitgtieber in ber grage 
©teHung gu nefjmen. 

2. 11. 427 Omafja, 9?eb., unb 2. 11. 364 
Eouncit 23Iuffg, %a., fenben SSoryctjIage gur 
SIbanberung ber (Sen. ®onft. em, toetctie 
fpater beroffentfidjt unb bann ber niid)ften 
Scnbention unterbreitet toerben {often. 

®er SJorfitsenbe be§ S3oarb toirb ermadj* 
tigt bie 33nrgfd)aftgbapiere beg @. ©d). er= 
ncuern gu faffen. 

©efudj beg SBitmington, ®ef., S. E. um 
toeitere ©etbbetoiffigung toirb abgefeljnt. 

£sn Erfebigung einer, bom Efebefanb, £>., 
unterbreiteten Slngetegenfjeit, bet ber eg fid) 
um JsuriSbiftionSbifferengen mit ben Eifen= 
arbeitern fjanbett, befdjfiefgt ber S3oarb, bafj 
unfere StRttgtieber beredjtigt finb bie betrefs 
fenbe SIrbeit gu beanfprudjen unb auf bie* 
fern JRedjte beljarren foHen. 

27. $anuar. 

McEartfjt) ift angefommen unb antoefenb; 
abtoefenb ift fomit nur S). St. spoft. 

Sie Stebifion ber 93iidjer ber @. £>. toirb 
in Slngriff genommen unb nimmt bie SCageg* 
fi|ung in Slnfprud). 

28. ganuar. 

Sie Dtebifion ber ginangbiidjer ber @. £>. 
toirb fortgefe^t. 

$n Erfebigung eine§, bon SMutf), Minn., 
eingetaufenen ©ituationgberidjteg, toirb ber 
borrigen Mitgfiebfdjaft bie ©umme bon 
$1,800 ctngeto'iefen. 

Ein ©djreiben bon ©t. 5gauf, Minn., be« 
giiglidj ber Mitgtieber ber friifjeren 2. It. 80 
ber Slmatgamatcb SBoob SBorferg tiegt bor 
unb toirb in biefer ©adje befdjtofjen: „2lHe 
Mitgtieber ber St. 28. SB., toetdje nadi ber 
SKinneabotiS Sonbention ber St. g. of 2. gur 
SS. S3, iibertraten, finb gem&ft ber am 16. 
Stbrit 1907 getroffenen Entfcbcibung, unb 
fomit ebenfo gu befianbetn trie fotdje bie bor 
biefer ^onbention gur 58. S3, iibertraten." 

5Hj* (Huvpmtn 

gerner foil in atten fbateren gcitten in benen 
e§ fid) um SKitglieber ber St. SB. SB. tjanbelt, 
fo lange gema| biefer Sntfdjeibung berfatj^ 
ren toerben bi§ anberS berfiigt ift. 

Slbbetlation ber 2. U. 134 Montreal, Ean., 
gegen bie Entfdjeibung be§ ©. ©. in toetcljer 
berfetbe Etgarb §erouj ba§ beanfprudjte 
grauenftcrbegetb bertoeigerte. ®ie Ent* 
fdjeibung toirb umgeftofgen unb Stu§gab,Iung 
beS ©terbegelbeg angeorbnet. 

2. U. 574 Kibbletoton, 5J. SJ., toiinfdjt gu 
toiffen ob fie fiir ein neue§ SKitgtieb, tnetdjeS 
nidit einen SKonatSbeitrag, bjie in ©ett. 88 
ber ©en. ®onft. borgefd)rieben, im 93orau§» 
entrid)tet, bie ^opffteuer taut ©ett. 67 gu 
entrid)tcn I)at. ®er 33oarb befd)lief3t gemdfj 
einer, bon ber Niagara ilonbention, in 
einem ctljnlidjen galle getroffenen Entfdjei* 
bung, bafg, ba bie Kidjtbefolgung ber ©eft. 
88 fein Sttitgtieb bom 33enefit au§fd)Iief3t, 
2. U. 574 berpftiditet ift fiir ein fotd)e§ 2Rit< 
gtieb taut ©eft. 67 aud) bie ^opffteuer gu 

Sie ©eh)erf§forberungen ber 2. 11. 1714 
Samaqua, 5(Ja., unb 1094 Mafjanob, Eitl), 
5Ba., toerben genefmrigt unb ftnangietle ^itfe 
ioenn notig gugefidjert. 

29. ^anuar. 

®ie S3iidjerrebifion toirb fortgefe^t. 

2. 11. 1744 ©ranb Mere, Ean., unb 2. II. 
105 Stebelanb, ©., njiinfd)en Ertaubnig gur 
Ertaffung bon Stufrufen an bie 2ofat=tlnio* 
nen biefe gur finangieHen llnterftiit^ung ober 
S3eteitigung an projeftirten @efd)aft§unter= 
neljmen aufforbernb. ©iefe ©efudie toerben 
bertueigert unb 2. 11. 105 gegen eine offigiel* 
te S3eteiligung an bem betreffenben llnter= 
nefjmen getoarnt. 

SlppeHation ber 2. 11. 260 SBaterburt), 
Eonn., gegen bie S3erfiiguug be§ ©. ©. bie 
Stuggafijung be§ ©terbegetbeg im gaHe Sacob 
St. 2ibertt)'g bertoeigernb. Sie StppeHation 
toirb abgetoiefen. 

®ie ©etoerfgforberungen ber 2. 11. 1093 
©fen Eobe, 91. 5J., unb ber 2. 11. 460 ©an 
Stntonio, JEej., toerben genefjmigt. 

30. ^anuar. 

®ie S3iid)errebifion toirb fortgefet^t. 

S)ie ©etoerfgforberungen ber 2. 11. 7 SJfin= 
neapolig, Minn., 1175 gargo, 91. ©., 1098 
i^alatfa, gfa., unb 655 Stmaritto, 5£e£., toer^ 
ben genefjmigt unb 33efd)fufgfaffung iiber 
finangtetfe llnterftiitjung berfdjoben. 

Ser 2. 11. 472 Slftjtanb, %, toirb bie 
©umme bon $200 gur Unterftiijjung ifjrcr 
auggefdjfoffenen Mitgfieber betoittigt. 

©er ©. 5(J. noirb erfudjt einen Seputtrten 
nad) S?enoff)a, SBig., gu fenben, toofefbft un* 
fere Mitgfieber auggefperrt finb. 

®a ber S3irmingf)am, Stla., ®. E. mitteitt, 
bafg bie girft SRationaf S3anf of 83irmingf)am 
„llnfair" fei, toirb befd)Ioffen bie in biefer 
S3anf beponirten $25,000 guriid'gugiefjdt 
unb in ber JErabeg jfationat 33anf bon 93ir= 
mtngfjam gu beponiren. 

cUhr (Earyrntrr 

SBoarb DcfdjlieW fecnei > 
ber Sapital Vi'iuioiiiii ftJanl in j|nbtana| 
in (icficn unb au| bic Qfocl Searborn SQa 
Honal SBanl in (Hjicago ju ubcrtragen 

0111 ©eflldj beS v>uMiin,i. ■:; o. mil 

Cciuinigung bon toeitcren $500 gu Organi 
fationSgmcctcn luitb abfditagtidj Defdjieben. 

appellation 5, ,\. S(JgifrerB gegen bie em 
fdjeibung befl @. IB. im SaHe beS HppeHan< 
ten gegen ^o^ {Buffalo, sc. 0., B. S. £)ie 
Entfdjcibung rohrb aufredjl ertjalten, 

Bcgiigtidj beS GintjaftSberfaljreiiS im 
gaffe ber goj (Bros. SUtanufacruring Eo. in 
ri. BouiS unb einiger SKitgliebet beS St. 
SouiS 5). E.'S, Initb ber ©. ijs. iiijtvnivi Hid] 
tigen SfadjtSbeiftanb ;u engagiren unb ii6er< 
iiciut't bie ftntereffen bet v -i;. (8. in biefem 
gaffe energrfdj gu berteibigen. 

8. ll. 844 SoS ©atoS, Sal., Befdjtoerl fid] 
in niu'iii SdjreiBen iLBer ein bom San Jofe 
SBuilbing ErabeS Gouncil auSgefdjrie&eneS 
HJfeffment. Ser SBoarb ertlciri rein :>icd)t 
;ii (JaBen iicti in berattige folate Sfngelegeru 
beiten eingumifdjen embfierjli aBer often 2o= 
fii i Unionen t'idi in folajen fallen im 3nte= 
reffe ber attgemetnen Smite unb um bie fiar= 
monie nidjt gu [toreu, bem SBiHen ber 2)?a= 
joritSI -',11 fiigen. 

31. gamtar. 

5)ie ©eroertSforberung ber 2. 11. 171 
goungStoron, O., hiirb gcuchmigt; bic 8-rage 
bet finangielen Unterfrugung guriitfgclcat 
bic- iidi Unterfriifeung alv notmenbig erroeift. 

EBegiiglidj ciner ©cmert»forberung ber 2. 
II. 078 Springfictb, iWo., mirb S8efd)Iufe= 
faffimg bis 3ur ?lpri(s.sibuug betfdjoBen unb 
ber @. sp. crfudit unterbeffen einen Drgani* 
fatot nadj bem Crtc 3U fenben. 

?ie SBudjerrebifion toirb fortgefe^t. 

1. gebruar. 

Sie SBiidicrrcbifion mirb fortgefeijt. 

Scr SScridjt beS McdjmmgScjperten mirb 
cntgegengenommen mil ben g-inan3&iid)cru 
ber ©. D. bcrgfidjen, i>a? ©an^e fiir ridjtig 
befunben unb bic JHcoifion beenbet. 

•Olitf ©cfudi ber 2. II. 1270 Montreal, 
San., mirb berfelBen bic Summe bon 
$27.00 gu UntexftiifeungSgroeden BemiUigt. 

A-oliii ^crtagung bis sum 6tcn Slpril b. ?. 
31 o b c r t G\ 2. G o n u o fl b, 


g rant S u f { b, ©en. Scfrctcir. 

fin tntereffantet Bcridit. 
Jn ber SluSgabc bom 7ten 3?obcmbcr bc§ 
„^? bitabclobia ^agcblatt" erfdjien, unterobi= 
ber Ueber|d)rift, ein SIrrtfel au§ ber „52ero 
Surfer S8oBE§geitung," in rocrcbem bertiinbet 
mirb, bag ein abgcfienber SBeamtcr ber 2otafs 
Union 375 ber S?ruberfd)aft ber GarbcnterS 
unb JoinerS cinen 83crid>t iiber ben StanD 
ber betreffenben Union abgegeben tjabe, mcf* 

dn-v unlet Huberem einen trefflidjen ffleitrag 

it ^e^• Beantluortmig ber Jrage [tefete, 

I'mi im viitcv auS hen Slrbeitet hjetbeit? 

Wadj biefem Oeridjl bm genanntc Union, 

iDeldje )ui Bcil Kil iliebei gtujlte on 

106 SKitglieber im bctfloffenen ^nin' Jhan< 
fen UntetfrLtfcung begaOIt, 88 bon biefen um - 
ren burdj llniiille arbeitSunfab^ig gerooiben 
locujtenbem [ie iiner BSefdjaftigung oblagen. 
gernet ajngen 26 iKitglieber mi) Eob) at, 
hsobon 8 6ei Ou8fUB,rung i^xeS (BerufS ge= 
tiibtet murben unb 8 burdj selBftfoorb enbe 
ten. 83on jenen nafjmen fidj 5 be^alB 
baJ 2cben toeil fie fidfj unfiiljig glauBten 
eS buret) ibrc .Oiinbe Vlvbcit frijieu ,ui 
tonnen (rpaS iiBdgenS inuimftojilidi fefl 
gefteHi Ijattc roerben foUen, Beboi es 
berbffentlidji rourbe). 81IS fiidjtfeiten mcr> 
ben angefiiB,rt, bag $2,576 an SVranlen 
Unteriti'itmini unb $4,550 an ©terbegelb 
auSBeaafjIi murben unb bafe iKitgtieber, roeT* 
djc 2, 3, 8 unb 10 Jaljre f l ' a 'if finb jiilirlidi 
mil $50.00 uuterfti'it?t roerben. SBei cineiu 
monallidieu SSeitrag bon fage unb [djreiBc 
uur 05 Gents pro Slfonat, mcf d)c Sadie roei« 
ter unteu befprodjeu mirb. 

®ic SluS^ablung bon ©terBcgclb im v i'e- 
tragc bon $4,550 i ft jebenfaKS nidjt ganj 
riditig inbem feinc 2ofal auS i()rcr eiguen 
Maiie StetBegelb bc3af)lt. 

3?ad) mciner unb bicfer anberer Goffcgcn 
Stnftdjt miirc cS Bcfjer geroefen biefen 83c= 
rid)t uid)t in ciner SfrBeitcrgeitung gu bcr= 
offenttidjen, um fo mcf)r aber an bie 2ofaf= 
Unionen ,511 berroeifen um bicfc crfdircdcuben 
3u[tdnbc 311 biShitiren unb mit alien miigj 
lidien Kitteln ^bfjilfe 3U fdjaffen. IfcbrigcuS 
glau&e idj faum, baj; bicfc auf .SiranffjcitS 
unb Stcrbcfaflc Begiiglidje gui'tanbe, roeldje 
im bcrfloffcncn £>afir m ber 2ofaf5Uniou 375 
cjii'tirteu, meber fiir bic betreffenbe Union, 
nod) fiir ben ^crBanb afS normafe angenom* 
men roerben tonnen. G§ mbgen a6norme gu= 
ftanbe bort bcrrfdjeu — inbem meiter gefagl 
mirb, bai; bie mciftcn SWitglieber altcre 
2eute feien unb bie Cofal Fcitien jungen Qu= 
3ug erljaften fbnnc: SBarum nidjt? §ier= 
in Iiegt eine ernfte Jltafjuung an ade Union:-, 
bafiir 3U forgen, bafj fie nidjt in 2lftcr§= 
fdjmcidje oerfaflen. 

Sluf meldjcm 2Bege bte§ gefdjetjen faun, 
biefe 8' ra e foUte jeber geit auf ber SageSs 
orbnung ftefjen; cS fotlten ©tatiftifen au§= 
gearbeitct mcrben ii6er SfrbcitSlofigtcit, Uu« 
fade, Urfadjcn berfefben unb mer berant* 


roortlidj ift bafiir unb nnbcrc§ mcljr. ®ic*fc"' 
©tatiftifcn foftten an bie ©cnerals£)ffige ge» 
fanbt, t>on bicfer bearbeitet unb ben ©onben* 
tioncn borgclegt tuerben um ©teHung gu nerj* 
men unb bie 83efeitigung ober tncitigfteuS 
SSennitrberung bcr UeBelftchibe 3U beroirfen. 
£>6 bte§ auf geroerffdjaftlidjem 2Bege 3U er= 
[angen iff, biefe Siige fbnnte fid) jeber be» 
antoorten roenn er bie SSorgange in ber Sirs 
beiterberoegung ftubiren rooKte. §at nidjt 
cin 8?errreter be§ Capitals erft furglidj au§= 
gefprodjen, tr>a3 mit ben organifirten Strbeis 
ter gefdjerjen foil? ©rlaffen nidjt bie @c= 
ridjte fcljr oft ©inljaltsbefeljle gegen bie Slr= 
bciter Grgantfationen? SBirb bie 33unbe§= 
©taat§ unb SDcunigipal ©eroalt nidjt bet jes 
ber ©elegenljeit in ben ©ienft be§ Capitals 
gefteHt, unb roo ift ber ©djuij fur bie Slrbei* 
ter, roo unb roie roirb ©orge getragen, bafg 
bie SIrbeiter, roenn fie tljre STrafte itn ©ienfte 
be§ Capitals berbraudjt Ijaben, nidjt gum 
©elbftmorb getrieben tuerben? §terau§ ent» 
fteljt bie grage: 23er ift berantroorflidj fur 
bie beftefjenben syerrjdftnijfe in einem Sanbe, 
trio bie £ilf§mittel reidjlidj borljanben ftnb, 
unb baf3 biefelben nidjt geanbert roerben? %e* 
benfaH§ bie SIrbciterfTaffc felbft, inbem fie 
nidjt ben rtdjtigen ©ebraudj Don iljrer 2Baffe, 
bem ©ttmmgettel, madjt. §ier mbdjte id) 
eine ©pifobe einjTedjten, raclcrjc fid) bet einer 
Slrbeitslofen SSerfammlung ber ©arpenter 
unb joiners, arangirt burdj 2Irbcit3Iofe bon 
3Jr. 1051, abfpielte. Sine ©cputation ber 
SarpenterS roar bom ©iftrtft ©ouncil gum 
iWatjor ber ©tabt sptjilabelprjta gefanbt mors 
ben um SIrbeit bon ber ©tabt SSers 
roaltung gu berlangen. S3ei Slbgabe beg 
SBeridjtS iiber ba§ 9tefuttat unb bei 
Sritifirung etne§ fortfdjrittlidjen Sftebs 
ner§ fagte ber SSorfiijenbe be§ au§ertndljlten 
©omtte§, baf3 bie SIrbeiter ntdjt farjig feien 
fid) felbft gu rcgieren, fa fogar, bafg nidjt 
einer in ber SSerfammlung fei roetdjer al§ 
©uperintenbent ein ©efdjdft berroalten fbnn« 
te, unb baf3 er ba§ republitanifdje Sidet 
geftimmt r)abe unb feljr frolj fei bie§ gettjan 
gu IjaBen. $dj Ijabe Bi§ je^t nod) ntdjt ber* 
nommen, bafj audj nur ein ©ingiger burd) 
bie ©tabt SBerroaltung SIrbeit erljalten Ijat, 
aud) nid)t baf3 btefe ©adje in ©rtnagung ge= 
gogen rourbe. SBenn nun bie SluSerfualjIten 
ber Slrbeiter foldje ©pradje fiifjren, bann 
miiffen fie fid) aud) gefaltcn laffen, baf3 fie 
bie speitfdje be§ Capitals gu fiibjen befom* 

®J|^ (&avpmttt 

men. $n SBetreff bcr S3eitrage bon Union 
375, roeldje tnic oben angefuhtt, nur 65 
Sent§ betragen, ift gu fagen, baf3 biefe§ 
©pftem entfdjieben gu bertuerfen ift. ©icfer 
93citrag foKte nur fi'tr llniougroecEc berroenbet 
Inerbcn biirfen roa§ notroenbig ift um bie 
Q3eitrage an bie Eentral SSerbanbe entrid)ten 
gu Ibnnen unb um bie Sofal in aftionSfd^is 
gem guftanb gu erljalten. 

Um Sranten unb UnfaK Unterftii^ung 
begaljlen gu fonneit foHte cin roeitercr S8ei« 
trag bon roenigftcn§ 50 Ecnt§ pro SJJonat er^ 
IloBen tuerben, unb bicfer gonb foUte ejtra 
Bertoaltet tuerben bamit nidjt eine Jfaffe bie 
anbere aufgefirt. S)iefe§ le^tere ift eine 
SJotlnenbigleit unb foHte obligatorifdj fein 
um bie Ineniger pringiptelen Unionleute in 
bcr Union feftguljatten. 

©onrab ©cljnetber, 
3KitgIieb ber Sofal 1051, 

5gf)ilabelp[jia, $a. 

Difcu et l'Or. 

Le gouvernement vient d'emettre des 
nouvelles pieces de $10 en or et contraire- 
ment a un usage assez ancien, a omis la 
mensongere devise : "In God we trust, ' ' 
(nous avons eonfiance en Dieu), qui orne 
les pieces en or et les dollars en argent. 

Les preeheurs de toutes denominations 
sont scandalises. lis protestent avec energie 
et demandent qn 'aucune autre piece ne soit 
frappee sans cette devise. 

Roosevelt assume la responsabilite de 
cette reforme et dit qu'il l'a ordonnee parce 
que cette devise etait continuellement 
tournee en ridicule. 

Tons les arguments de Eoosevelt ne 
convainerout pas les preeheurs qui adorent 
1 'or et 1 'argent pour la seule raison que les 
pieces de monnaie portaient le saint nom du 
bon Dieu. Et maintenant que ce nom va 
etre enleve, quelles excuses auront ils 
d 'adorer des pieces profanes? 

En tout eas, Eoosevelt a commis une 
erreur. Au lieu de faire enlever cette de- 
vise, il aurait du tout simplement y faire 
ajouter une lettre, un L. " In Gold we 
trust" (nous avons eonfiance en l'or) se- 
rait une devise ideale dans un pays oii l'or 
est le but, le mobile des moindres actes de 
la vie, dans un pays ou les gens fonciere- 
ment honnetes qui ont un ideal plus eleve, 
q 'ils ref usent de sacrifier a. la eupidite, sont 
regarde comme de simples fous. — L 'Union 
Des Travailleurs. 

Lp Service Municipal en Amerique. 
(AlphODBe H. Hcnryot.) 

N ilos paragraphia 
ile la constitution 
de notre Union 
demande la Ma- 
nicipalisation des 
services pub- 
liques, tel que la 
distribution des 
eaux, 1 Wlairage 
au gaz ou a 
1 'eleetricite, lc 
transport des 
passagers et des 
marehandises, la distribution de la force pour 
machinerie, soit par la vapeur ou tout autre 
systeme, et aiusi de suite. Dans notre pays 
ce probleme trouve peut-etre plus d'opposans 
que de partisans ; nous supposons que la 
question n 'est pas encore assez entre dans 
le domaine public et que d 'une autre cote 
trop d 'interets prives se trouvent leses par 
son introduction. 

En effet, les grandes compagnies qui 
monopolisent jusqu 'a nos jours les services 
publiques doivent se dire: "Ce qui est 
bon a prendre est bon a garder. " Les 
grands privileges, que d 'insouciants munici- 
palites ou des representants corruptionistes 
ont accordes, il y a bon nombre d 'annees, 
anx susdites compagnies, ont rapportes des 
grosses dividendes aux uns et de non moins 
gros salaires aux autres, tel que presidents, 
superintendants. managers, chef du service 
et Dieu sait sous queles noms et titres les 
sommes enormes qui sont extorquees an- 
nuellement a un public bonnasse ou stupide, 
et qui pour son bon argent ne recoit pas 
qu 'une pietre service, qui souvent ressemble 
de bien pr£s a un vole manifeste. 

Tar les eaux sont infectes de microbes du 
colera. de la fievre typboide, scarlatine et 
de diphterie. Le gaz ne donne pas de 
lumiere, mais repand une odeur nauseabonde. 

I,c gazniiiMrr, pari-il au metre Glectrique, 
enregistro des comptes fantastiqucs, mais 
toujoura a I 'avantagr des compagnies. Les 
voitures C'lcctriques aux autres ne fonction 
ncnt pas, ou tr£s irrdgulierement, il y a 
presque toujours, surtont aux hcurcs de 
l'entr6_ et de la sortie des ateliers et 
fabriques, dix fois plus de passagers que 
de places; leur systeme des transfere est 
tout simplement ridicule; en un mot, tout 
le systeme de service public entre les mains 
de compagnies prives est 1 'histoire du bon 
public roul6, vole, battu et content. Et 
malgrfj cela, ce systeme trouve encore ses 
d^fenseurs, , meme dans les rangs des 
travailleiirs organises. Nous demandons en 
vain, quelle saurait en etre la raison! Nous 
n'y voyons d 'autre que 1 'ignorance en 
niatiere publique de la part de nos 

Nous pourrions citer des villes impor- 
tantes, telle que Glasgow en Ecosse, Chicago 
et Detroit aux Etats Unis, et encore bien 
d 'autres, mais nous ne voulons pas nous 
en rapporter a leur t£moinage pour 
demontrer a nos lecteurs non seulement la 
possibility d 'un bon service public et 
munieipale, mais encore les avantages 
enormes dont jouissent les habitants de ces 
villes; non, c'est par le simple raisonnement, 
par 1 'appel au bon sens de nos lecteurs que 
nous allons chercher a les convaincre. 

Pour quelle raisons les compagnies 
monopolistes cherche-t-elles a. obtenir, a 
maintenir et agrandir et etendre leurs divers 
systemes? Ce n'est certainement pas dans 
le but de faire plaisir a leurs con-citoyens; 
ni pour leur propre plaisir a eux memes. 
La raison en est bien simple, les compagnies, 
leurs actionaires et employes supeneures 
gagnent beaueoup d 'argent en ne rendent 
au public un minimum de services. Les 
petits employes, clercs aussi bien que 
travailleurs manuelles, sont traits par les 
compagnies pire que des esclaves; leur 


salaire est generalement inferieur a - 
n'importe quelle autre industrie et les 
heures de travail sont tout simplement 
illimitees. Tout cela se concoit f acilement ; 
le but de ces compagnies n'est pas de rendre 
des services au public, mais bien de faire de 

1 'argent. 

Dans divers villes de 1'Est, telle que New 
York, le eonseil municipal pousse la com- 
plaisance envers ces compagnies voleurs 
jusqu'a leur batir des tunnels et leur 
permet, apres avoir depense divers millions 
dans ses subways, de les exploiter a leur 
profit exclusivement. Nous nous demandons, 
pour quelle raison ces villes ne prennent- 
elles le service public en propre regie? On 
nous reponds: Parce que les municipalities 
ne sauraient conduire ce service a, un prix 
aussi bas! C'est a dire, la ville maitresse 
de son service public ne pourrait pas payer 
des dividendes parcequ'elle payera des 
salaires plus eleves a ses employes 
inferieurs, parce que probablement, elle 
donnerai un meilleur service au public, 
parce qu 'elle se servira d 'un materiel plus 
confortable, plus propre et surtout plus en 
rapport avec les besoins du public. 

Mais, il est clair que la ville n'a pas de 
dividendes a payer aux actionaires, puisqu' 
elle ne dois des comptes qu'aux con- 
tribuables, elle pourra facilement payer des 
salaires plus en rapport avec les besoins 
de la vie aux petits employes; d'autant 
plus que les gros emoluments du president, 

2 -ou 4 vice-presidents, 24 ou plus de 
directeurs, de secretaires, des tresoriers et 
toute cette ligne de grosse sinecures qui ont 
ete cree specialement dans le but seul et 
unique de produir un revenue immerite aux 
fils, neveux, fr^res et beaufreres des 
presidents ou gros actionaires des 
compagnies, qui generalement sont des 
fruits see incapable de faire un dollar 
honetement sur tout autre voie. 

Nous non seulement admettons, mais nous 
regardons comme une supreme justice que 
les petits employes gagnent un salaire de 
beaucoup plus Sieve que les compagnies 
leurs accordent, meme un salaire plus haut 
que 1 'industrie paie generalement; ne sont 
ce pas ces memes petits employes et ouvriers 
qui par leur contributions, directs ou in- 
directs, payent la pluspart des sommes au 
budget de la ville et de l'etat? 

Eux, et leur f reres de 1 'industrie en 

generale sont le public et si on etablit un 
service public a l'avantage du public, que 
l'on commence d 'abord a payer un salaire 
en rapport avec les besoins de la vie et 
que l'on donne un service au public qui au 
moins en merite ce nom. 

Le vrai but d'une municipalite est de 
prendre les interets des grandes masses, de 
la grande majorite des citoyens et non pas 
1'interet d'une petite minorite. Le service 
public n 'a pas besoin d 'etre une resource 
a faire de 1 'argent, mais bien ce que dit 
son nom; un service d'utilite publique. 

Et ce service peut et doit etre etablie 
partout ou le public lui meme a assez de 
conscience de ses droits, assez de 1 'honnetete 
publique pour empeeher 1 'election de con- 
seillers municipeaux eorruptionistes ; en un 
mot, le service public est possible et profit- 
able aux interests publique partout et dans 
chaque ville ou le people lui meme sait ce 
qu'il veut, d 'apres le proverbe qui dit que: 
chaque people a toujours le gouvernement 
qu 'il merite. 

Si c'est la corruption des politiciens qui 
empeche 1'indroduction d'un bon service 
municipal, que l'on suprime la corruption et 
les corruptionaires, que l'on rende im- 
possible le "grafting" et on verra que le 
systeme du service public se montrera un 
grand bienfait pour la municipalite en 
generale et pour les habitants, les con- 
tribuables en particulier. 

S 'il etait necessaire de trouver une preuve 
irrefutable du progres de la civilisation 
capitaliste au Japon, on la trouverait 
certainement dans le fait que 48,000 enfants 
ages de moins de 14 ans, sont employes dans 
les usines et fabriques de ce pays. — L 'Union 
des Travailleurs. 


The fifth edition of 


is now ready. Enlarged and brought up to 
date. Teaches you to estimate house work 
in an easy, rapid, accurate and practical man- 
ner. Gives actual cost of each separate part 
of the labor and material. Guards against 
errors and ommissions. Based on actual ex- 
perience not theory. Quickest reliable method 
in use to-day. Now is the time to post your- 
self on this vital part of the business. 
Price postpaid, $1.00 

1265 Michigan Ave. JACKSON. MICH. 


No, Name Union. 

8364 Mrs. Iiium A. An. I.i ■■..•II 258 

8 10 ■ si. In. | M Hntcll . :::: I 

8300 Richard I'etnoldl (dig.) 1051 

s::n7 John A i '....U-..11 1802 

8808 John i' Buttle 22 

8300 Mrs a 0. Wlnterbottom 22 

8370 John Stnsney 55 

8371 Enoch uls. .ii ..lis, | . . . sT 

8872 A i; Lighter 257 

B373 Mr-. Anna Freund 20] 

s::r i B. VanLeenwen 324 

s.:t:, Joseph llnnk 375 

8370 Mrs. Anna Hauscr :'.T". Colin McDonald hi 

s.-.ts ii. k. Oateen 1002 

8878 Mrs. Nellie Mueller . 08 

B380 win. Odell l '-••"• 

8381 Geo. R, Edaell 180 

B882 Ed. M. Goad 108 

8388 Mrs. I.llllnn II. Kemp. . . 258 

8384 Merman Hilbert 300 

888G Mrs, Eugenia Mlkszeuskl 300 

8380 Murlln Mattes 375 

s::s? John Walsh 423 

8388 Mrs. Anna Jane Shotts. 130 

8380 Michael l. Mayes 1138 

8300 Mrs. Sarah L Peters . . . 1301 

s.-i'.H Joseph A. DeMontluzln. . 123 

8392 Mrs Mattle K. Jones , . sin 

8303 Roberl J. Barbec 1158 

8394 John F. Benner 227 

8395 Mrs. Lillian Maj Benoll . 108 

8398 Mrs. Caroline Maw 134 

s.;..i7 Mrs Surah c Nlxnn . . . ."ul 

8398 Mrs. Josephine Coltnrt.. 080 

8309 James S. Dlcket-son .... 712 

8400 i 's. nr Grundberg 724 

s-4in Richard T. Marshall 1158 

8402 H. M. Vanzant (dls.) ... 1445 

sin:: win. i: Carey 1514 

84(14 Mrs. Anna Stonequist. . . 1 

sin:. John Henry 64 

8406 Mrs. Matilda E. Berry.. 73 

8407 Bernard J. Murphy .... 118 

8408 Mrs. Emma Bngholm ... 131 
sin:. Mrs. Caroline T. Meroux 134 

sun .7. E. Perry 427 

8411 Mrs. Annie Defeo I7s 

s-112 John Wikman Is:; 

8413 David II. Waldorf 1107 

841 I Mrs. .1. L. Sparks 1212 

si 15 Charles Schakl 1515 

8416 Mrs. E. P. Scbroeder. . . 7 

s|17 rmniel Clenrv In 

841S Timothy Bureau 33 

8410 P. F. Freeman 52 

8420 D. II. Wilson 124 

8421 Jeremiah Burke 125 

8422 Mrs. I.illie May Klncey. 105 

8423 Mrs. Thora Nielsen .... 181 

8424 John Sauer 181 

8425 J. D. Graham 108 

silt, Nicholas S'tattf. Sr 227 

8427 Mrs. Emma T. Spoor 233 

8428 Thomas Deere 240 

8429 John Coughlin 275 

8430 Chas. B. Mlllliuiton 277 

8431 Campbell C. Watt 322 

S432 Entile Jacques 408 

8433 Mrs. R. E. Bushlnger. . . 44n 

.8434 Oscar Ackerly 447 

8435 James Thomson 505 

8436 James Breen 624 

8437 W. G. Shawhan 633 

8438 Frank F. Fay 678 

S430 Mrs. Mary Oravson .... 697 

844D Mrs. Mary J. Reynolds.. 70S 

8441 James E. Otis 747 

8442 Darwin Warner 996 

s443 Wm. Butchert 1030 

8444 Albert Lamontague .... 1239 

5 1 15 Wm. Sanamann 1403 

8446 Mrs. Lillie Caldwell 1510 

S447 James O'Donnell 1GG4 

S44S George Danner 5 

8449 C. J. Carlson 16 

8450 Alfred L. Toinsette .... 52 





84 52 

s 1 .. 1 







200 00 

s 150 

s [CO 





.,ii nn 



sir, 1 

Inn. nn 




loo. (Ill 


•j ( iii .nn 


2 »i 

s n;:i 


200 nn 



8 172 



.-.ii, nn 



84 75 


8 170 

si 77 









25 .no 

s 182 





















50 00 

■ 03 



50 nn 


25 i 

s 196 
































■•nn. nn 


50 . on 

851 1 


sr, i .-, 







in. ii in 






200. on 




.•nn. nn 








50 . on 


50 . 00 




200 . on 


50 . 00 


r.o . on 










Name. Union. Ain't. 

Frank Mln kc 3 il 

3 Mitchell 132 200.00 

A W l aid ..ii B30 

ill Flnchol I>. Snead . mis 

Edduard Dei In ni i mi 

Merman Mehrkc iTsi ■ 

Nicholas Wad 5 200.00 

Mrs. Emma F. Wolverton 31 iO 00 

Win. < nit in 

D. V.. Sluiw 105 50.00 

Mrs. Matlldn Luschlnskl isi | 

Stephen Conrad 355 200.00 

Wm. n. denting 357 

Wm. w. Fisher 800 2 1 

John Mattle 1020 2un.n0 

.1 m Canter 1682 

John 11 Itothgeber 22 1 

tfi Reno May Painter, 660 

'I'll. .inns II. White MI7 200 00 

Mi I.. 11 J. Fowler (bal I . 857 150.00 

Mrs. i.i.iiIsm Bailer 10 50. 00 

Mi Vmanda M Carlson 51 GO. 00 

Rudolph Folk 00 200.00 

Mrs. i.wiin Ballard ... H>7 50.00 

Geoi ■ Naglc 170 200.00 

Alfred W. Lane isi 

1 ■_.. Williams 1717 50.00 

Mrs \i D. Jorgensen. . . isi 50 00 

Mrs. Annie Neary 423 50 00 

John Williams 507 200.00 

.7. ii. Polnton 760 2 n 

Mrs. is:ii„.|i Grecnwaldt. 1555 Minn 

Mrs. E. Fournler 79 50.00 

Mrs. Kate May Harris. . 698 BO 00 

Mi Vmelia Wolter .... 116 50.00 

Mrs. Sarah Smith 117 5(1.00 

.1. D. Campbell 361 ! < 

Mrs. Annie Cohen 883 50.00 

George Alexander 1365 50.00 

II. B. Hilderbrandl ... 801 2011.(10 

Matthew MeNeelv 473 200.00 

Mrs. Mahala McNeil.... 577 50. 00 

Mrs. Eleanor Peloquln.. 632 50.00 

A. [gnazewskl 723 21m. nn 

Mrs. Dora A. Lorraine. . 53 50.00 

Mrs. Sallle v. Plager. . . 132 50.00 

.Ins. Wilfrid Binls 1 :■'. I 2110.00 

Mrs. 11. Constantlneau . . 134 50.00 

Mrs. Bleonore Chartrand 184 50.00 

M. 1 1, Sherrv 255 2 1 

Beni. Ilnrtnn 273 200. On 

Mrs. Matilda Schmidt .. 303 50.00 

R. w. Witter 300 100.00 

Samuel Girth 377 200.00 

Mrs. Margaret Bache .. 47s 50.00 

W. A. Mann 01 7 50.00 

Wallace Ri ekwell 1107 50. on 

Mrs Minnie L. Mitchell. 1413 50.00 

(•has. 1'iisierer (dis.)... 1577 200.00 

C. G. Willman 1031 50.00 

Otto Drevzebner 1748 100.00 

Mrs. E. Elckboff 45 50.00 

Thomas C. Gnrley 281 50.00 

Mrs Barbara Manderer. 291 50 .00 

Geo. W. Whlnery 550 2nd. On 

Jacob G. Covey 1376 50.00 

Charles Freese 53 200 00 

Mrs. Pauline Lamhreeht. 73 511. nn 

Charles Schulz 73 2(h). 00 

Hugh J. Gormley 211 20000 

Mrs. Catherine Finnegan 231 50 00 

Stiles Holmes 502 mono 

Mrs. Susan K. Shaw.... 710 50.00 

George L. Parks 71.8 200.00 

Charles II. Bryan 747 200.00 

J. B. Cook 1077 2nd. no 

Engle Nelson 1172 100.00 

Mrs. Grace Ellen Cooper 1340 50.00 

George P. Butterfleld ... 1384 50.00 

James A. Clark 1400 145.00 

Joseph Murphv 1419 200.00 

James A. Wolf 1532 50.00 

James Callahan 22 50. On 

L. L. Ingersoll 72 200.00 

Wm. S. Hagen 25G 200.00 

Wm. Parrntt 340 200.00 

Mrs. Josephine Hueber. . 497 50.00 


No. Name. Union. 

8538 Geo. P. Colburn 624 

8539 Carey Dutton 667 

S540 Mrs. Elizabeth J. Knight 667 

8541 A. W. Scott 716 

8542 Louis Gendron 761 

8543 Mrs. Consuelo Ray 1030 

5544 Charles Follansbee 1086 

5545 Henry Hayden 1248 

8546 Geo. Aupperly 1315 

8547 Mrs. Caroline Fowler . . . 1704 

8548 Thomas Tyrrell (dis.) .. 636 

S540 Louis Botner 953 

S550 P. H. Eingold (dis.) .... 1003 

8551 Mrs. Lettie B. Cheeks . . 1717 










































0% (ttntpmitx 

Name. Union. Am't. 

P. W. Cannon (dis.)..-.. 7 300.00 

Wm. Tait 27 200.00 

August Berglund 257 200.00 

Mrs. Alunde E. Watson. 209 50.00 

John H. Kutan 340 200 . 00 

Charles A. L. Rump ... 382 200.00 

Mrs. Anna S. Anderson. 429 50.00 

Jacob Mark 438 50 . 00 

Harry K. Landis 465 200.00 

Augustus N. Davis 787 50.00 

C. W. Smith 1451 200.00 

Total $24,568.00 

Burns and Scalds. 

Mechanics in every department of the 
arts are so liable to burns and scalds, that 
it is well to know that a saturated solution 
of good baking soda (not washing soda) 
applied at once relieves the pain almost 
instantly. A servant whose face was 
burned and her hair singed by an explosion 
of kerosene in a cooking stove, was in- 
stantly relieved by this application a few, 
weeks ago. — Woodworkers' Eeview. 

Some Points Financial Secretaries 
Should Observe. 

Much trouble and loss of time is caused 
at the General Office by Financial Secre- 
taries not properly or erroneously filling out 
the monthly financial report blanks. One of 
the commonest errors is ; to start with, an 
entire different membership, or, to be more 
precise, the number of members does not 
correspond with the number of members re- 
ported the previous month, thus holding up 
the report until it is corrected. 

Another mistake is often made by repeat- 
edly reporting the same members in arrears 
each month, until dropped from roll or until 
they have squared up. This should not be 
done; it causes unnecessary work. 

Many Financial Secretaries ignore Sec- 
tions 131 and 132 of the general constitu- 
tion relating to clearance cards. It would 
save useless correspondence if they would, 
when a clearance card is issued, state so in 
the report and remit 50 cents for each 
clearance card with per capita tax. The 
provisions of above sections of our consti- 
tution should be strictly complied with. 

Furthermore, it often occurs that Finan- 
cial Secretaries erroneously state the num- 
ber of the Local Union. For instance, the 
number is given as 507 when it should be 
1507, or 88, when it should be 880, etc. 

In many cases the name of the locality or 
state is omitted in the reports. Each of 
these are necessary, as names of cities or 
and towns are, in many instances, dupli- 
cated in other states. 

The seal of the Local Union should be 
attached to all reports, as it often serves to 
determine what the report itself fails to 

To Stop Bleeding. 

Slight cuts sometimes bleed profusely, and 
although there is no danger, the annoyance 
is often very great. The application of a 
small piece of rag which has been soaked in 
peroxide of hydrogen will usually stop the 
most severe case. The peroxide may now 
be found in every drug store and is quite 
cheap. — Woodworkers ' Review. 

Which Won?— First Youth — "My papa 
put a mansard roof on our house." Sec- 
ond Ditto (proudly) — "My papa put a 
mortgage on ours. ' ' First — ' ' I don 't care. 
I heard my papa say he was insured. ' ' 
Second (still more proudly) — "Huh! I 
heard papa say he was insolvent. ' ' — Bal- 
timore American. ' 

That civilization is full of trouble and 
change is not a cause for mere fear and 
dread, but for faith, sacrifice and work. 
Nothing could be more dreadful than to have 
the present order of things exist without dis- 
content, complaint and change. — Professor 

Unionism promotes foresight, brotherhood, 
self-respect and a feeling of co-operative re- 
sponsibility among its adherents, thus foster- 
ing in their minds a true sense of manhood. 


,f L, 

Louis, Mo. 

KETTS, WM, of L. U. 1112, Marshall- 
town, Iowa. 

ALLEN, OLIVER H., of I,. U.. New York 

MORAN, JOHN B., of L. U. 342, Paw- 
tucket, R. I. 

GIST, J. F., of L. U. 744, Red Lodge, 

V. "SI, I n:i |i«il is, I nil. 

SMITH, l-'RICD, of I,. V. 1429, Marshall, 

II AG INS, W. S., of L. U. 256, Savannah, 

MATTIE, JOHN, of L. U. 1020, Detroit, 


Value of Sawdust. 

It is a singular fact that with all our 
scientific training of the present age people 
will not use some insulator to keep the 
heat in a house during the winter and to 
keep it out during the summer. Fireless 
cookers and hay ovens are successful be- 
cause they keep the inherent heat of a 
substance doing useful work, instead of 
allowing it to escape. 

This same principle can be applied to 
house construction by filling the walls with 
sawdust and putting a layer of it over the 
ceiling. To most people, however, the men- 
tion of sawdust filling conjures up the fol- 
lowing objections: dampness, spontaneous 
combustion, decay, odors, and nests for 
rats and mice. These objections are less 
serious than supposed. It has been proven 
that even if sawdust is damp it will soon 
dry out if placed in walls. Sawdust can 
not decay where there is no moisture and 
as it is a slow combustive it is an actual 
protection against fire. Rats can not live 
in walls when tbey are tightly stuffed, and 
any slight odor from the wood is dispelled 
in a few weeks. A. K. Campbell says: "I 
have used it for thirty-seven years in build- 
ing. Every house that I have been con- 
nected with in that time has had its walls 
filled with sawdust and the ceilings cov- 
ered. There has not the shadow of an ob- 
jection developed itself during all that 
time in any of these instances. It has 

proved itself to be the greatest fuel saver 
I have ever known. It costs but a few 
dollars to fill the walls of the whole house." 

A New Wall Material. 
M. A. Waller of Vienna, Austria, says 
that it is only a matter of time when tile 
and steel now used in decorating and cover- 
ing interior walls of stores and dwellings 
will be replaced by a new material recently 
put on the market in Europe. It is called 
metloid and is already extensively used in 
European construction. The material is ad- 
justed with a certain glue. Much more 
elaborate decorations are said to be obtained 
by the use of this material, which looks and 
weighs much like tin. It is less costly than 
tile or steel and can be washed and scrubbed 
with no injurious effect. — Building Manage- 

Falling Hair. 
Falling hair may be avoided by simply 
rubbing a strong solution of sage tea into 
the scalp, two or three times a week. This 
is said to darken the hair also. 

Army Auction Bargains 

Tents - $l.vOcp Old Pistol* - - '%■ .50 OP 
Rifles - 1,95 ,! Officers' Swords, new$1.75 ' 
*MY SADDLES S.f.O " Cavalrv Sabws " 1.60 
" Bridles - 1.00 " UNIFORMS " 1.25 
" Levins, pr. .15" 7 Shot Carbine U - 3.60 
AI OGU ; ., It,*) lares pipes, containing tbtrcands of 
beantifnl illortrat'o-a — with wholesale and retill Prices 
mailed for 15 cents (Mamps). 


Aberdeen, Wash. — L. L. Alexander. 

Albany, N. Y. — Thos. Gilmore, Room 21, Beaver 

Alton, 111. — O. V. Lowe. 

Amarillo, Tex.— Sam. Brame. 

Annapolis, Md. — George B. Wooley, 8 West st. 

Ardmore, I. T. — D. N. Ferguson, Box 522. 

Asbury Park, N. J. — A. L. Clayton, 1305 Sum- 
merfield ave. 

Atlanta, Ga.- — Geo. J. N. Hamil, 80 Central av. 

Atlantic City, N. J. — W. D. Kauffmann, 1804 
Atlantic ave. 

Auburn, 111. — J. E. Higgins. 

Aurora, 111. — E. R. Davis, 72 S. Broadway. 

Baltimore, Md. — Jos. E. Woutisseth, Boarder 
State Bank, Park Ave. and Fayette St. ; 
Wm. Albaugh, Boarder State Bank, Park 
ave. and Fayette st. 

Barre, Vt. — R. L. Hayward. 

Belmar, N. J. — A. L. Clayton, 824 Central ave. 

Bergen County, N. J. — M. W. Holly, Box 166, 
Hackensack, N. J. ; H. B. Mason, 242 
Hackensaek St., Rutherford. N. J. 

Binghamton, N. Y. — Jeremiah Ryan, 153 Wash- 
ington St. 

Birmingham, Ala. — J. A. Mayor, 1924J 1st ave. 

Boston, Mass. — J. E. Potts, 30 Hanover St. ; 
Colin W. Cameron, 30 Hanover st. ; L. U. 
1393 (Wharf and Bridge), Seymour Coffin, 30 
Hanover st. ; L. U. 1410, Chas. N. Kimball, 
30 Hanover St. ; L. U. 1824, E. Thulin 
(Cabinetmakers and Millmen) 30 Hanover st. 

Bralnerd, Minn. — Otto Londberg, 605 2d ave., 
N. E. 

Bridgeport, Conn. — J. M. Griffin, 682 Grand st. 

Brockton, Mass. — Walter Pratt, 158 Main st. 

Brookline, Mass. — Wm. H. Walsh, 166 Wash- 
ington st. 

Buffalo, N. Y. — Geo. H. Waldow, 87 Mulberry 

Butler, Pa. — 

Butte, Mont. — Wm. Cutts, Box 623. 

Cambridge, Mass. — S. F. McArthur, 8 Maga- 
zine st. 

Camden, N. J. — Reuben Price, 16 Hudson st. 

Canton, 111. — M. Beam. 

Cedar Rapids, la. — A. J. Cronkhite, Room 8 
Union Block. 

Central City, Ky. — James R. Reynolds. 

Charleston, S. C. — 

Charleston, W. Va. — W. D. Summers. Station A. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. — J. E. Harker, 5J E. 8th st. 

Chelsea, Mass. — T. J. Smythe, 22 Carter st. 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — C. A. Elliott. 

Chicago, 111. — John A. Metz, president, Room 
502, 56 Fifth ave. ; Dan Galvin, secre- 
tary-treasurer and business agent, Room 502. 
56 Fifth ave. ; W. C. White, 502, 56 
Fifth ave. ; L. Schalk, Room 502, 56 
Fifth ave. ; No. 1. J. J. Mockler, Room 502. 
56 Fifth ave. ; No. 10, F. Donohue, Room 
502, 56 Fifth ave. ; No. 13, Thos. F. Flynn, 
Room 502, 56 Fifth ave. ; No. 58, Chas. 
GrassI, Room 502, 56 Fifth ave. ; No. 62, L. 
Dickhart, Room 502, 56 Fifth ave. r No. 80. 
Wm. Brims, Room 502, No. 56 Fifth ave. ; 
No. 141, John Broadbent. Room 502, 56 
Fifth ave. ; No. 181, T. F. Church, Room 
502, 56 Fifth ave. ; No. 199, W. W. Mc- 
Garry, Room 502, 56 Fifth ave. ; No. 242, 
John Baeumler, Room 502, 56 Fifth ave. ; 
No. 272 Dan P. Bergin, Room 502, 56 Fifth 
ave. ; No. 416, Fred Lemke, Room 502, 56 
Fifth ave. ; No. 434, Chas Dexter, Room 
502, 56 Fifth ave. ; Nos. 1307, 461, 250, 248, 
Geo. Lakey, Room 502, 56 Fifth ave. Mill- 
men : Joseph Plachetka, secretary-treasurer 

and business agent ; No. 1367, Jos. Dusek ; 

No. 1784, Frank Kurtzer. 
Cincinnati. O. — Chas. House, 1318 Walnut St. 
Clairton, Pa. — H. R. Noonan, Box 427. 
Cleveland, O. — Wesley Workman, Sawtell ave. ; 

J. Jay Pharee, 10734 Woodland ave. 
Coffeyville, Kas. — W. S. Watson, 804 W. 12th 

Columbus, O. — H. K. Trimble, 228 Hamilton av. 
L. M. Fadley, 1-257 Weslev av. 

Concord. N. C. — A. E. Bost, Box 190. 

Corning, N. Y. — C. L. Miller, 239 Decatur St. 

Dallas, Tex. — H. W. Holland, 175 Flemmings 

Danbury, Conn. — W. W. Fox, Bethel, Conn. 

Davenport, la. — P. J. Carlson, 1320 38th St., 
Rock Island, 111. 

Denison, Tex. — J. M. Davis, 420 W. Texas St. 

Denver, Colo. — No. 528, Geo. Seifert, 4546 
York St. ; No. 55, J. M. McLane, 343 S. Tre- 
mont St. 

Des Moines, la. — J. C. Walker, 414 4th st. 

Derby, Conn. — Steven Charters, 111 Wakelee 
ave., Ansonia, Conn. 

Detroit, Mich. — Oscar Friedland, 28 Bristol St. 

Dorcester, Mass. — J. E. Eaton, Fields Building, 
Fields Cor. 

Duluto. Minn. — J. H. Baker. 504 2d ave., E. 

East Boston, Mass. — C. H. Morrison, 131 
Brook st. 

East Palestine, O. — George H. Alcorn. 

East St. Louis, 111. — B. W. Parres, 318 Mis- 
souri ave. 

Eau Claire, Wis. — Roy E. Curtis, 825 2d ave. 

Edmonton, Alta, Can. — J. H. Patterson, Box 

Elizabeth, N. J. — J. T. Cosgrove, 843 Elizabeth 

Elmira. N. Y. — A. D. Corwin. 

Ely, Nev. — Geo. L. Acocks, Box 465. 

Ensley, Ala. — W. T. Hutto, Box 666. 

Evansville, Ind. — John Roddy. 

Fall River, Mass. — F. X. Blanchette, 14 Wil- 
bur st. 

Fairfield, Conn. — H. TJ. Lyman, Box 224. 

Farmington, Mo. — W. J. Dougherty. 

Fort Smith, Ark. — B. J. Robinson, 1115 S. 
18th St. 

Fort Worth, Tex. — G. P. Lytle, 412 New Or- 
leans st. 

Galveston. Tex. — H. W. E. Rabe, 2012 Ave. M. 

Gary, Ind. — L. U. 985, John T. Hewitt, Box 

Glen Cove, L. I., N. Y. — Hugh Duffy. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. — F. E. Hunt, 31 Howard 

Granville, 111. — Geo. F. Scott. 

Gravville. 111. — J. W. Badishbaugh, Box 503. 

Great Neck, L. I., N. Y. — Joseph W. Grady. 

Greensburg and Mt. Pleasant, N. Y. — M. 
Touhev, Box 78, Irvington-on-Hudson. 

Hackensack, N. J. — M. W. Holly, 29 Sussex st. 

Hartford, Conn. — F. C. Walz, 247 Putnam st, 

Hartford, Ark. — J. H. More, Gwynn Postoffice. 

Holyoke, Mass. — 

Houston, Tex. — W. G. Cook, 4813 Oak st. 

Huntington, W. Va. — L. H. Suddlth, 908 Jef- 
ferson ave. 

Illon, N. Y. — W. C. Mack, 59 Railroad St. 

Indianapolis, Ind. — S. P. Meadows, 54 Virginia 

Ithaca, N. X. — 

Jackson. Mich. — Geo. J. Johnston, 315 E. 

Jacksonville, Fla. — R. M. Hill, 813 Albert St. 

Jersey City, N. J. — J. R. Burgess, 452 Hoboken 
ave. ; James G. Larkin, 359 4th Bt., Hoboken, 
N. J. 

uTltr (Uarpntter 

Kansas Clfy, Mo Bid. B &.MIII, 2807 Monitor 

Kewonee, 111. W. H. Whitney, 412 Grace avc. 

K. 'vi. mi. N. .1.- Snml. strvker. 

Klrkn I, Mo. ■; a Battle 

Knoxvlile, Tenn, w. II. Block. 

Krebs, I. r I: 1>. Miller. 

Lafayette, Colo. C. D. Jones, Louisville, Colo. ; 

Sum Hicks, Lafayette, Colo. 
Lake County, III. W. 0. Samson, Waukegan, 


Lake County, Ind.- J. C. Harlan, 801 Mlchl 
gnn ave., Hammond. Ind. 

i aSalle, III.— E. J. Mcintosh. 

Lawrence, Mass. — A. It. Grady, 184 Broadway. 

Lawton, okin. — N. w. Gatewood, 002 7ih at. 

I Incoln, Neb.- 

Lockport, N. Y. — John I >. Freeman, 20 John st. 

Louisville, Ky.— H. C. Kundert, 021 W. 
Chestnut st. 

lxis Angeles. Cal. — John Znrlng. Station L. 

Lowell, Mass.— SI. A. Lee, 48 Hartlett St. 

Lynn, Mass. — C. A. Southard. 02 Munroe St. 

Mayaguez. l'orto Rico. — Luis Terocler, Box 101. 

Marlssa, III. — A. P. Jensen. 

McKlnney, Tex. — George Hughes. 

Memphis. Tenn. — George R. Christie. Carpen- 
ters' llall. 97 N. Second st. 

Middlesex. Mass. — John G. Coglll, 3 Glen 
Court, Maiden, Mass. 

Mlddleton, Conn. — Wm. P. Kennebecker, West 
Farms. Mlddleton Cltv. Conn. 

Milwaukee, Wis.— Wm. Grlebllng, 318 State st. 

Minneapolis. Minn. — Martin Wefold. 30 S. Oth 
St Assistant : I.onls Kngdahl. 30 S. Oth St. 

Moberly, Mo. — M. P. Kirtley. 320 Fulton ave. 

Mollne, III.— P. J. Carlson, 1320 38th St., Rock 

Monmouth. III. — E. K. Brasel, 315 South B st. 

Montclair. Bloomfield and the Oranges, N. J. — 
s. Botterlll, 26 N. 19th St., East Orange. 
N. J. 

Montreal, Can. — Jos. Alney, 127 St. Dominique 
st. ; L. D. 134. I.. l.efevre. 127 St. Domi- 
nique St.; L. U. 1244. Richard Lynch, 127 
st. Dominique st. 

Muskegon, Mich. — Jos. M. Epsln. Box 65. 

Mt. Klsco, N. Y. — Fred C. Boessman. 

Nashville. Tenn. — S. W. Everson, 42GJ Union 

Newark. N*. .7.— J. M. McLean, 259 S. 10th St.; 
C. C. Mowell, 107 Ornton st. 

Newport. R. I. — S. Cougdon. 

Newton. Mass. — M. L. Chlvers, 251 Washing 
ton St. 

New Bedford, Mnss. — Geo. A. Luce, 29 Willis st. 

New Britain, Conn. — Wm. J. Annls, 148 Curtis 

New Haven, Conn. — J. F. Plunkett, 97 Orange 

New London. Conn. — L. W. Beedle, 105 River- 
view ave. 

New Orleans. La. — W. H. Sims. 1429 Port st. 

New Rochelle, N. Y. — Louis Helmrich, Linden 
st.. Hun. Pk. 

New York Citv — For Manhattan : L. E. Storey. 
39 W. 117th St. ; John J. Towers, 178 E. 
87fh st. ; FL W. Blumenberg. 560 Fox St.. 
Bronx ; Richard Mortan. 440 E. 59th st. 
(shops and unfair trim); Chas. Peterson. 
2497 Belmont ave., Bronx (stairs). For 
Brooklyn : Henry Erlckson. 288 Degraw 
st. ; Jos. Gleason. 60 Georgia ave. ; Wm. 
Eger, Cor. Nostrand Ave. and King's Hlgh- 
wav : .Tohn Wolflnger, 1375 DeKalb ave. : 
M. T. McGrath, 356 22d st. For 

Bronx : Chas. H. Bausher. 1370 Franklin 
ave. : Geo. Fieser, 237 E. 214th St., Wllllams- 
bridge ; Thos. Dalton. 3309 3d ave. For 
Queens : James Asher. Richmond Hill. 3205 
Jamaica ave.; Phil Gibbons. 131 Witt St.. 
Corona, L. I. : Geo. A. Lynch. Grafton ave., 
Chester Park. L. I. For Richmond : Chas. 
Lange. 176 Broad St.. Stapleton, S. I. ; Jas. 
Martin. 233 Richmond Road, Stapleton. S. I. 

Niagara Falls. N. Y. — W. J. Sweet, 615 18th st. 

Norfolk County, Mass. — G. S. Aldrlch, 280 
Whiting ave.. East Dedham, Mass. 

Norfolk, Va. — H. S. Scott, 71 City Hall ave. 


Thomas Waldron. 10 
-L. II. Shrlmpton, It, D 

Northampton, Mass 

Slllle ave. 

North Ynklinn, Wnsh. 

NO 2, BOJ I '.'7 
Norwich. Conn M. J. Kelley, Box 52. 
Nynck, N. Y- w. s. Edwards, First avc. 
Oakland. Cal Edgar Thompson, 888 3d hi. 
nhlo Valley l>. C. E, T. Shrlver, 008 W. Car- 

llllc St.. Marlins Ferry, O. 
Oklahoma t'li.v. Okla.— J. T. Martin, 202 W. 

Grand ave. 
Omaha, Neb. -Jas. Johnson, 3710 N. 30th st. 
Oneida, N. Y.~- Kllhu Arkcrmnn^ 88 Stone st. 
Oahkosn, wis. w. Cheney, 3H7 wiHronsIn avc. 
Owensboro. Ky. — A. I.. Hudson, Box S74. 
Passaic, N. j. s. Greenwood, Emerald Hail, 

State st. 
Pateraon, N. J. Krlne Englishman, Helvetia 

Hall, van llouten St. 
Pawtucket, If. I. — Aug. Pigeon, 65 Adams st. 
Pensaeoln, Fla. — N. Launsbcry, Old Armory 

Bldg., Room 1. 

Peoria, in. — W. A. 

Perth Amboy, N. J. — J. L. Donehue, 9 Maple 

Philadelphia. Pa. — Thomas Mcllnvltt. 142 N. 
IHh St.: Samuel Campbell. 112 N. 11th St. 

Pittsburg, Pa.— II. C. Whltllcld. 1009 Wal 
lace ave.. Wllklnshurg, Pa. ; W. S. Bigger, 
L38 Carroll st.. Allegheny. Pa. 

Plttsfleld. Mass.— John B. Mlckle. 

Pontlac, III.— C. W. Sylcott. W. Water st. 

Poplar Pliiff, Mo. — Frank Jennings. 

Portchester, N. Y. — George Chandler, 111 Adee 

Portland. Ore. — Jas. R. Johnson, 40 E. Grand 

Port Washington. L. I., N. Y. — Chas. T. Wig- 

Providence, R. I. — E. M. Pease, 96 Mathew- 
son st. : No. 632. J. B. McDonald. 90 Mathew- 
son st. 

Qulncy. Mnss. — N. A. Johnson, 78 Garfield St. 

Quebec. Can. — Paul Dumont, 128 rue Latour- 
elle Fbg.. St. Jean. 

Rahwav, N. J. — L. A. Springer. 

Reading. Pa. — J. P. Goldman. 24 N. Oth st. 

Rcglna. Sask., Can. — Fred .7. Richards. 

Richmond. Va. — L. U. 7764. Mlllmen : J. W. 
Williams. 601 » N. 23d St. 

Roanoke. Va. — L. G. Stultze. 709 2d ave.. N. W. 

Rochester. N. Y". — Adnm C. Harold. 39 Rey- 
nolds Arcade. Shops : James Flnley, 39 
Reynolds Arcade. 

Rock Island. III.— P. J. Carlson. 1320 38th St. 

Roxhiiry. Mass. — John M. Devlne, 429 Dudley 

Rye. N. Y. — Otto C. Berthold. Portchester. N. Y. 

Saginaw, Mich. — Wm. L. Hutcheson, 115 Du- 
ra nd st. 

Salem. Mass. — Wm. Swanson. 4 Centrnl st. 

Salt Lake City — 

San Francisco — J. Maboney. 14th and Guerrero 
sts. ; II. Neldllnger, 14th and Guerrero sts. : 
C. Meanwell. 14th and Guerrero sts.; T. P. 
Farmer. 14th and Guerrero st. ; W. WIshart, 
74th and Guerrero sts. ; F. Kreamer. 14th 
and Guerrero sts. ; F. nelner. 14th and Guer- 
rero sts. ; Geo. Newsom, 14th and Guerrero 

Santa Monica, Cnl. — M. J. Musser, 25 Ashland 
ave.. Ocean Tack, Cal. 

Savannah. Ga. — A. J. Sears. 409 Anderson st. 

Schenectadv. N. Y. — Chas. Gonld. Scotia, N. Y. 

Scranton, Pa. — E. C. Patterson, 222 Lacka- 
wanna ave. 

South Bend, Ind. — M. E. Wright, 126 E. Don- 
ald St. 

South McAlester. I. T. — R. E. Lee. 

Spadra. Ark. — .7. A. Jones. 

Spokane, Wash. — H. Wlndebank. 9 Madison St. 

Springfield. 111. — H. Schamel. 7 440 N. 3d st. 

Springfield. Mass. — W. J. La Francis. 14 Lom- 
bard St. 

Springfield and Mlllbnrn, N. J. — Fred H. Pier- 

St. Cloud. Minn. — John Ahler. 15 Ave. S. 

St. Louis. Mo. — Secretary D. C, J. E. Span- 

Oontlnued on Page fit. 


ftt^fftfl OtJR ADVERTISERS [fffffffffr 

"Yes, I'm sorry, too, that you cannot (ill the position, but what I 
need is a trained man — a man who thoroughly understands the work." 

"No, there's no other position open — we've hundreds of applicants 
now on the list waiting for the little jobs. This position calls for a 
trained man. Good day." 

That's it. There's a big call for the trained man — the man who can 
handle the big things — the man who is an expert. 

You can easily receive the training that will put you in the class of 
well-paid men. You can't begin to understand how quickly the little 
coupon below will bring you success. Just mark the coupon as directed 
and mail it today. The I. C. S. has a way to help you. 

During last year over 4,000 students voluntarily reported better posi- 
tions and higher salaries secured through I. C. S. training. This is a very 
small percentage of the whole number of men thus helped, but to this small 
percentage there was brought increased 
salaries amounting in one year to over 
two million dollars! 

Place of residence, occupation, or lack 
of capital need not prevent you from becom- 
ing an expert. The I. C. S. makes every- 
thing easy. You don't have to leave home 
or your present position. You can qualify 
in your spare time. Mail the coupon and 
learn all about it. 

Don't fill a little job all your life when 
you can so easily move up in the world. 

The Business of this Place 
is to Raise Salaries 

NOW is the time to mark the Coupon 

International Correspondence Schools 
Box 1009. Scranton, Pa. 

Please explain, without further obligation on my 

part, how I can qualify for a larger salary in the 

position before which I have marked X, 


Machine Designer 

Architect'l Draftsman 

Electrical Engineer 

Building Inspector 

Electric -Railway Supt. 

Contractor & Builder 

Electric- Lighting Supt. 

Structural Engineer 


Mechanical Engineer 

Municipal Engineer 

Mechanical Draftsman 

Heat, and Vent. Eng. 

Civil Engineer 

Ad Writer 

Bridge Engineer 


Hydraulic Engineer 


R. R. Const'n Eng. 

Civil Service Exams. 


French 1 With 
German , Edison 

Steam Engineer 

Marine Engineer 

Spanish J Phonograph 


Street and No.. 


When Writing to Advertisers Please Mention* Tnis Magazine. 


Ol'It ADVKiniSI'.HS 



Klcr. 102fi Franklin arc : Nn. 5, Alvln llnhen- 

st. In. 1117 Alaska ave. ; No. 4".. Emlle llulilc. 
Manchester ave.; No. 47. .Ins. Trainer. 

ii:l;:i Qrattan st. : No. 7:i. C. H. Gulpe, i"-''. 

Franklin ave. : No. 2p7, John Lyons, 4281 
m ave. : No 578, t ii Proake. 1026 

Franklin nv... ; No. 1100. Urn Wistonburger, 

1026 Frnnklln ave, ; No. 1829, . I. .Iin Anderson. 

(069 I iu ave . No 1606. .!"-• A Bar- 

horst. 1026 Franklin ave. : No. 602, Mi II- 

trrlghts, Geo. Probst, 1026 Franklin i 
St. Joseph. Mo.— B. M. Scbooky. 411 N. lfith 

St . I'nnl. Minn. — Jas. Welsh. T.'tS Vnn Buren PI. 
Summit. N. J. — John 11. 1'heusant, 15 orchard 

Syracuse, N. Y. — James A. Horton, 10 Clinton 

Tacoma. Wash. — W. A. Rowe. 1401 Anderson st, 
Tampa. Fla. — 
Terre Haute, Ind. — l'hlllp I. Davis, 520 S. 

19th st 
Terrell. Tex. — I-awrenre Stovall. Box ::7L.\ 
Toledo. O. — D. G. Hoffman, 1312 Iloag st. 
Toluca. III. — Frank McCoy, Box 8. 
Toronto. Ontario, Can. — C. A. Wells. 167 

Church st. 
Tuxedo. N. V — Wm. S. Percy. 

Trenton. N. J.— Ceo. W. Adams. 110 Bayard st. 
Troy, N. V. — I. a. WilBon, Box Bo. 
Warn. Tex, W. B. FnR..ti. 1616 Cumberland. 
Walln Wnlln. Wnsh.- U. B. Catting. 
Wnlllngford, Conn. — Win. Burke. 21 Sylvan ave. 
Washington. D. C — Geo. Crosby, Uoom 35 

Ihi.-hlns Bldg. 
Waterbury, Conn. — T. G. Smith, 132 8. Mnln 

Waukegan, III. — L. E. Scbooley, 123 Cntalpa 

We.Mtlleld. Mass.- H. C. Dean, 16 B. Maple St. 
West Palm Beach, Fla. — G. W. Taylor. 
Wichita. Kas.— .1. E. Palmer. 114 W. Lewis st. 
Winnipeg, Mnn.. Can. — C. J. Harding, Trades 

Hall, .lames St. 
White Plains, N. Y. — J. G. Knnpp. 4 linker ave. 
Wllkea-Barre, Pa.. Wyoming Valley l>. C. — M. 

E. Sanders. Box ISO, Wyoming, Pa. ; John 

I. Casey. 31 W. Market st. 
Wilmington, Del. — James E. Thomson, 020 E. 

5th st. 
Worcester. Mass. — John lianlgan. 109 Front St. 
Wvandotte, Mich. — Chns. II. Itenner, 80 Plum 

Yonkers. N. Y. — Wm. Wyatte, 179 Ashburton 

Youngstown, O. — J. L. Smith, 215 Frances st. 

Wood Working Machinery 


For ripping, cross-cutting:, mitering, rabbeting, 
grooving:, dadoing, boring, scroll and band saw- 
ing, edge-molding, beading, mortising, etc. 

Built for hard work, accural work and long serv- 
ice. Send for catalogue "A." 

Seneca Falls Mfg. Co, JESSR* 

"Ohio" Planes, Drawing Knives, Chisels, Auger Bits 

outlast anything on the market. "Ohio" edge tools are famous for keen and lasting cutting edges. Illustrated catalogue sent on request 

Ohio Tool Company 


i Z 



Measuring Tapes and Rules % 

Every test proves them superior to all others. A trial will convince you 


<i^> , 

THE /(/FK7N ffl/LE [, O. 


No. 29 








10 styles. 


16 styles and sizes. 


4 styles. 



You ought to know about them. 
You could use them every day. 
Let us send you our catalog 

it shows and describes many 
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interested in. 

Goodell-Pratt Company 

Greenfield, Mass., U. S. A. 







Price, Postpaid, One Dollar 



CHAS. MORRILL :: Broadway Chambers, New York 


This is what you have been 
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If he does not carry them in stock insist that he get it 
for you. Manufactured exclusively by 

F. BRAIS & CO., 1349 90th St., N. E. 



in each town to ride and exhibit sample 
Bl de. IVrtte far special offer, /* 
We Ship on Approval •nitft utacrnl 
r dfposU, allow 10 DAYS FREE TRIAL 

and prepay freight on every bicycle. 
r FACTORY PRICESon bicycles, tires 

, and sundries. /Jun-'/iwyuntilyourecelveoiircat- 

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MEAD CYCLE CO., Dept. P 115, Chicago, III. 

The Celebrated 


Unequaled by any other make 
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give satisfaction to the end. If 
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to specify ' ' Carpenter. ' ' 

MACK & CO., Sole Makers 

Rochester, N. Y. 

i» sy/ 












First in Quality and 

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I INION MAHF and the onlypne bearing 

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Our New Tool Book Tells all about "Yankee" Tools-It's Free 
NORTH BROS. MFG. CO., Philadelphia, Pa. 



Where not sold we will send a sample Self-Setting Plane for trial, all express 
prepaid by us on receipt of list price. 

After trial if you prefer your money to the plane, for any reason, return the 
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For one month a carpenters" pencil FREE, if this ad. is sent us when you 
write for circulars. Price on Carpenters' Pencils advanced January 1, 1908. Send 
for new price list. They are still lower than others, because they advertise our S. 
5. Planes. What a California carpenter says : 

SAN FRANCISCO. June 4. 1907. 

GAGE TOOL CO.. Vineland, New Jersey. 

Dear Sir: — Some time ago 1 bought of you a iraoolhing plane XXX. I have 

never wed a tool that gives such iati if action ai the Gage Self-betting Plane. They are 

as near perfection as any plane can be made. If you Itnow of any firm in S. F. handling 

your planes, please let me know, as 1 want to get * set of them, and if I cannot get them 

here will send to you for them. Please oblige 

Yours truly, 

133 Pierce Street, San Frandsco, Cal. F. A. BENTZ. 

We sent Mr. Bentz the following names of dealers who sell our planes in San 
Francisco: Palace Hdw. Co., Pacific Hdw. & Steel Co., Ed. Jones, Frick Wills Hdw. 
Co., and in Oakland, Smith Bro--. Hdw. Co. and Montgomery Osborn Hdw. Co. 

Feb. i-08. Gage Tool Co., Vineland, N. J. 

™ " f; — - x^ _t. r . ' r :<- . ■ ■■ »■■■ ". ' -"■" ! — "-^ — rrr — t-t" — m I ■■ J 

%/ir ^ 

A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builder5, Machine Wood Workers, 
Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries 

Entered February 13, 1903, at Indianapolis, Indiana, as second-class mail matter, under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 

Volume XXVUI-No. 4 
Established in 1881 


One Dollar Per Year 
Ten Cents I Copy 

My iltaatim 

ByEBEN E. REXFORD (Forward) 

I was longing for a mission- 
Something men would count 
as grand; 
Something that would win the 
Of the lofty in the land. 
So I squandered time in waiting 
For the chance that never 
came — 
Quite forgot to think of others 
In my yearnings after fame. 
But one day I had a vision 

Of the needy close at hand — 
Of the poor whose hearts are 
As they journey through the 
Starving for a word of comfort, 

Yearning, but alas! in vain, 
For the love of those about them, 
And the smile that lightens 
Just a little deed of kindness, 

Just a word of hope and cheer, 

Just a smile! They cost so little, 

But they make it heaven here! 

Thus it was I found my mission — 

Knew what work God meant 
for me, 
And I cried, "Forgive my blindness; 

Now, at last, thank God, I see!" 
And my heart that had been selfish 

In its longing to be great 
Saw broad fields of labor waiting 

For me just outside the gate. 
I have sought to scatter sunshine 

In a dark and cheerless place; 
Loving words have given courage — 

Brightened many a weary face. 
In the joy of helping others 

God's good time I waste no more 
Since my life has found its mission — 

Found it at the very door. 
Oh, the little deeds of kindness, 

And the words of hope and 
And the smiles that cost so little — 

But they make it heaven here. 



alljr (Eaqinttrr 

i By Prof. Ezra <;. Qrey.) 

TUMPING the States" in two 
Presidential campaigns and 

back tn professional ihitirs in 

college are interesting recollec- 
tions quadrennially recalled. 

A Minnesota tnun had grown 
|irninl in having aecured sev- 
eral manufactnring plants 
which added largely to its 
population, but low wages 
came on as a nightmare, high 
wages a hope. 
"You do not want board- 
end cottages?" 

A wave of noes! swayed the little school- 

"Ten cents a day and a day of ten 
hours' work, will hardly buy one board, 
will it?" 
Tho spell-binder paused. 
"Say, Gin'ral, " came from the farther 
end of the room, "that won't buy my 
daughter, Jennie, a pair of garters!" 

"I believe you, sister. Tell your husband 
high wages come nearer the heart than 
garters, even though those articles be made 
in Paris," and the town went almost solid 
for ' ' high wages and home protection. ' ' 

Times have been when the country stood 
upon the brink of financial ruin; its na- 
tional fate trembled in 1861, and uneasy 
apprehensions are that it may hear war 
roar and see ruin along its shore line. Yet 
it is, as it has been, strong enough to re- 
main among the mighty governments of 
the world. None can destroy it, but all 
may laugh at it in contempt for permit- 
ting upon its soil an organization that is 
tyrannic, insolent and despotic, for whether 
the matter pertains to government in any 
form; to politics, whatever party is he- 
fore the people; to religion, regardless of 
denomination; to legislation, municipal, 
state or national; to manufacture, no mat- 
ter what the article is; to commerce, wheth- 
er it concerns this country or some other; 
in fact, there is no action of the mind or 
muscle the effect or trend of which it does 
not' assume to shape, construe and claim as 
within its province and scope to govern and 
control. The wonder is that its title is not 

absolute and made to read: ''The Ma 
tional Association of We, the People and 

the Power of tin' I'nited Slates of Amer- 
ica," at least, that it dors nol style itself 
"The National Association of All the 
Manufacturers, Capitalists and Employers 
of the r. s. of A.." although the people 

well know it lias 1ml :i small per centum 

of the manufacturers and employers, bul 

a large 01 f capitalists of the country as 

members. Notwithstanding all of its mcm- 
bers permit an egotism to enjoy member 
ship in it, because of its high sounding 
designation — "The National Association of 
Manufacturers of the United States," 
many do not approve of its deception upon 
the American people, especially the man- 
ufacturing and employing element, for the 
peoplo and business men generally are 
realizing that its course is immeasurably 
harmful to the commercial, manufacturing 
and industrial, civil, political and judicial 
equanimity of the whole land, and that it 
is not only in itself a menace, but a nuis- 
ance that should be eradicated at any and 
all cost. 

It declares that organized labor is the 
menaco to the people. 

Is it a menace or a blessing to prevent 
humanity from becoming toilers in imma- 
ture years; to prevent involuntary servi- 
tude of American seamen; to prevent cap- 
italistic control of competition, or the en- 
actment of laws that throttle the tongue and 
silence the pen of public and private ex- 
pression; to urge the enforcement of eight- 
hour laws or rules; to make negligent em- 
ployers financially liable for injury to em- 
ployes, or to protect loyal citizen-working- 
men from competition of cheap foreign 
labor, here and abroad, and law-abiding toil- 
ers from criminal and convict labor? 

These questions have properly been con- 
sidered by labor unions as directly and 
purely incidental to labor, and in no sense 
political or of state craft, and it cannot be 
said that organized labor, as a live element 
in active affairs, has ever assumed to throw 
them before the people as its political de- 
mands. Eights it has. Upon them it 
places an intelligent construction of what 


olljp (Unvpmttt 

they mean and should cover, and only when 
some power more potent — but not more 
justified — rises to lessen, infringe or im- 
pose upon them, does it offer a vigorous 
defense. It has, except that labor which 
can see no advantage in organization, fed- 
erated its strength and concedes the same 
right to manufacturers and employers, hold- 
ing it proper for neither to go beyond its 
powers or province, but that if one has a 
right to influence court or government, or 
public opinion, the other should not be ex- 

The Manufacturers' Association, however, 
has long teen, and still is, issuing ' ' confi- 
dential" circular letters to merchants and 
manufacturers, members and non-members, 
and others, appealing for influence upon 
bodies, civic, political and legislative, to 
force its matters and methods into the 
policies and politics of the country, though 
its secretary has said they are industrial 
and not political, and that " no party has 
any business, whether from the standpoint 
of patriotism or simple partisanship, to 
make them an issue. ' ' 

Extracts from some of his circulars are 
interesting. For instance: 

"Dear Sir — Our fight against a 
favorable report of the eight-hour bill 
by the House labor committee in 
Washington is getting warm, and we 
ask you, as a manufacturer and em- 
ployer with a vital personal interest 
as well as a patriotic interest in beat- 
ing this arbitrary and dangerous 
socialistic proposition, to help us." 

My Allopathic physician declares that if 
working eight hours a day, recreating eight 
and snoring eight is socialistic, his homeo- 
pathic competitor has the more reasonable 

The next is: 
' ' Strictly confidential. 

"Dear Sir — You have not replied 
to our recent letter. It is our fault; 
we didn't write you strongly enough. 

"The simple question is whether 

your own valued company will not 

join the other manufacturers of the 

country in providing an absolute in- 

surance against destructive and even 
revolutionary labor legislation at 
Washington and at the different state 
capitals. We believe that you will. 

"Nobody has ever questioned that 
it was the National Association of 
Manufacturers that beat the eight- 
hour and anti-injunction bills." 

Many a delegate to the Democratic con- 
vention at St. Louis, Mo., in 1904, will re- 
call the following: 

"Please do everything on earth 
that you can perfectly, secretly, with- 
out any publicity of any kind, simply 
scoring with each and every influen- 
tial person whom you can think of as 
having anything to say about the 
matter. And please advise me what 
you have done and are doing, in order 
that I may co-operate with you as 
effectively as possible." 

"Mr. Van Cleave, in his address, " says a 
western paper of a city where that gentle- 
man spoke, ' ' advised his hearers to take an 
active part in politics, particularly in the 
election of members of congress and of state 
legislators, to see that these persons, whether 
Eepublicans or Democrats, are friendly to 
the interests of manufacturers. ' ' 

And Mr. Van Cleave 's official colleague 
said "the labor lobby may be expected to 
be just as active as ever in the next con- 
gress. But the Association will also be just 
as active." 

Senator Gore tells us plainly the place 
and position of the great capitalists when 
he says : ' ' Thousands of monopolies of 
greater or less effectiveness exist among us, 
and thousands of intelligent minds are seek- 
ing relief from their oppression. Some of 
the largest and most oppressive are under 
effective fire now, and their present tactics 
is to carry their cases as far from the peo- 
ple as possible. ' ' 

Plainly is it apparent that the Association 
is the initiative in forcing union labor into 
politics in order to parallel the Association's 
course, though the real question is — whether 
labor unions shall be annihilated and the 
wage-earners subjected to the will and pow- 
er of their employers, or the association be 

permitted to continue t" exercise its pn 
Bumptive and assumptive powers and privi- 
leges. Evidence and indications certainl] 
advise labor unions they cannot li><>k to 
courts, which have a finality of judgment 
and decree, for either redress or relief, aot 
oven if lower courts are honest and courage- 
ous enough to pli victory on tlirir dinners. 

The White House can do nothing; the 
lease is expiring, ami the present tenant 

lias annoui I a positive desire tor no re- 

aewal. The Benate is Bilent and serene in 
it* autocracy, the bonse wary and wily wait- 
ing for the judgmenl tlay in November. Jf 
that day leave its will and ways undisturbed 
in their present majority, it will .join the 
Blue room, the Senate and the Ermine 
in banqueting tin' National Association of 

Manufacturers, and organized lid. or will be 
toasted in silent standing as an institution 
of ancient regime. 

Seriously now. if unions have weak, in- 
competent, or indiscreet, unwise, injudicious, 
presumptuous or over-assumptuous leaders, 
resignations and removals are in order. 
Personal prominence and fulsome mouths 

and prolific pens tlo not go as far as shot 

thai leaves smoke to evaporate, for too much 

Johnson Of this is just as meddlesome arel 

injurious as too much Johnson of that 

Some true unionist 1 don't know who 

lias said: "If we ever get any relief, It 

must come through our own efforts. If WO 
depend upon lawyers and politicians, we 
may make up our minds to live and die in 
industrial Blavery. Remember, the present 

laws were all made by lawyers and politi 
cians. .Inst think how foolish it is of wagc- 
earaers sending a corporation lawyer to con- 
gress to make laws for laboring men. Think 
of sending a wolf to congress to make laws 
against killing sheep; of a hyena in a grave- 
yard making an address against grave-rob- 
I'ing. and then of a politician making 

-I hes is favor of laboring men. 

"Let me tell you we do not exercise our 
power at the right place — the ballot box. 
We have votes and means by which we can 
correct any wrong. And if we think more 
of some rotten old political party than we 
do of our liberties, we are not worthy of 
our liberty. ' ' 


(By Frank Duffy.) 

■■ ■■ E were present at a recent con- 

■ j~^\ M vention held in the city of 
I A I da, called by the 

■ HI state, to con- 

Hfl H linn of "iimiii- 

■ ■ affects Florida 

-■■Ta^B * ne southern 

nlUVn states generally. As this is a 
matter of vital importance to 
the wage-workers of our coun- 
try and to organized labor par- 
ticularly, it deserves our most 
careful consideration and 
closest attention, so that our position may. 
at all times, be clear as to whether we are 
in "favor of" or "opposed to" immigra- 
tion. It was for that reason we attended 
the convention, and for the further reason 
that our unions in Florida would be seri- 
ously affected if the ' ' bars ' ' were ' ' let 
down" and "immigrants" of any kind, 
good, bad or indifferent, be admitted in- 

Among the many present representing 

civic, political and industrial life were Gov- 
ernor Broward, Don Ranon, P. Y. Milliett, 
Spain's ambassador to the United States, 
Senor R. V. M. Ybor, consul-general from 
Cuba, Jean Vavarse, consul-general from 
Italy, Hon. S. P. Bennett, of New York, 
member of the immigration committee, 
house of representatives, Hon. T. V. Pow- 
derly, commissioner of information of the 
immigration bureau, Washington, D. C, 
Hon. R. McCown, secretary of the state of 
South Carohna, Hon. W. H. Frecker, mayor 
of Tampa, Max P. Morritz, president 
Florida State Federation of Labor, Franklin 
Pimbley, former secretary of our General 
Executive Board, committees from other 
labor bodies, representatives of several 
boards of trade and chambers of commerce, 
representatives of railroads, manufacturers, 
employers and capitalists, and Frank Duffy, 
General Secretary of the United Brother- 
hood of Carpjenters and Joiners of America, 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 

It was the intention of the powers that 

be to have all the states and railroads and 
other capitalists come together and form a 
plan to flood the country with cheap labor 
from Europe. In presenting our views we 
emphasized the fact that ' ' organized labor ' ' 
was "opposed" to having all kinds of peo- 
ple brought to this country for the purpose 
of filling the coffers of transportation 
companies, of pulling down the "standard 
of living, " of " cheapening labor ' ' and of 
"breaking strikes." While the laws define 
who is and who is not fit to enter, we in- 
sisted they should at least require the "im- 
migrant" to become a "citizen" or declare 
his intention of doing so. We stated that 
organized labor was opposed to contract 
labor and every semblance of it, but was 
not opposed to strong, clean, healthy, clear- 
minded men and women, or those whose 
moral and industrial life added tone and 
strength to their character and reputation 
as toilers in our midst. Those who were 
not of this class were foes, not only to 
organized labor, but to the prosperity of 
every laboring and business man in the 
community, since they entered into all lines 
of industry and employment, for character 
and conduct are objects for analysis to be 
considered with active, honorable and in- 
dustrial life. The worthless class is too 
often a hidden element that drives the 
willing, ready and competent into reluctant, 
careless and indolent action, destroying in 
time the profitable and valuable, yet it is 
this kind that comes to us from foreign 
countries and is given employment by cap- 
italistic employers, because the services of 
such can be had for a sum wholly inade- 
quate to procure the higher and better com- 
forts of life. Ask any one of this lazy, in- 
dolent class now in our midst for a certifi- 
cate of social standing; if presented it will, 
in many instances bear a barrel-house stamp. 
Ask for a testimonial of skill among the 
higher grades of mechanics on constructive 
work, and it will hail from establishments 
employing ' ' mongrel ' ' labor. Ask how 
many live in unsanitary tenements — rear 
and single rooms — and the answer from mu- 
nicipal boards of health and statistics will 
alarm you of the hygienic conditions of our 
country. Ask how many can lead you into 
the realms of knowledge, education and in- 
telligence, and your answer will come from 

clouded minds, listless eyes and guttural 

What are we going to do with the vast 
army who come into our cities from foreign 
shores and stay here? I believe the main 
trouble is that the immigrants are not prop- 
erly culled, and the invalids and sickly de- 
ported, that the tendency is for them to 
remain in the large cities, and make a preca- 
rious living peddling peanuts and fruit, and 
the like. On New Year's day in New York 
city alone, there were 150,000 men out of 

Organized labor is fighting to keep immi- 
grants out of sweatshops and other places 
where disease is bred because of ill-condi- 
tions and poor food brought about by low 
wages. At a meeting of the American 
Federation of Labor two years ago, a com- 
mittee of physicians waited on that body 
and asked its aid in fighting consumption, 
by making a fight for better living condi- 

It was evident to us that our views were 
appreciated, for among others, the follow- 
ing was adopted : 

"Resolved, That the several states 
carefully consider the question of for- 
eign immigration as a national ques- 
tion, and that our representatives in 
Congress be asked to urge upon Con- 
gress the enactment of such federal 
legislation as will effectively stem the 
tide of undesirable immigration now 
pouring into this country through the 
great ports of entry, such laws as will 
look to a careful examination of ap- 
plicants for admission at the ports of 
departure. ' ' 

Wealth is very unequally distributed in 
this country, says the London Lloyd's 
News. About 700,000 people die every 
year, and of these over 616,000 die leav- 
ing nothing or next to nothing behind 
them, while over 50,000 die leaving an 
average of only £200 each. Over 10,000 
die with estates not exceeding £1,000, 
which leaves nearly all the accumulated 
wealth in the hands of about 21,000 peo- 
ple out of 700,000. 

(Hhr (Hartirntrr 

i Bj Margaret Scott Hall.) 

II E best definition of education 

has I n given ms knowing 

something about everything, 
and everything about some- 

In the complex subject of 
organized labor, t lie student 
must be educated in the needs 
of the people. He must be- 

COme familiar with nil sides of 
the industrial problem to li- 
able to meet tlie requirements 
of its service. To sincerely 
study the concentration of capital, and the 
dwarfing of the individual by privation, 
to see million-dollar homes and extravagant 
receptions, and just around the corner, 
hovels and hunger, and bare destitution, — 
to realize these inevitable differences is 
to feel one's heart aching well nigh unto 
breaking for pity of it all! To feel and 
understand in small measure the narrow 
limits of the average toiler in his hopes for 
education and his aspirations for better c 
ditions of life, not alone for himself, but 
for dependent loved ones — to learn such les- 
sons is to develop a tenderer sympathy, a 
broader charity and keener appreciation of 
others' motives. Through such studies we 
gain a clearer knowledge of human nature, 
its selfishness and frailties, as well as its 
divine attributes and its marvelous capacity 
for patient endurance. 

No better work or nobler destiny has ever 
been wrought than faithful service in the 
cause of organized labor. It is pleasant and 
refreshing to come in contact with a person- 
ality beaming wide awake and intensely 
alive to the interests of a mission. When 
that mission is for the developments of the 
toiler's best and highest possibilities, and 
the promotion of the ideals of brotherhood 
among mankind, is it any wonder that en- 
thusiasm for the work burns into one's very 
soul; or that a philanthropic eagerness and 
zeal should become like a chronic disease or 
a mania? 

To know in the depths of our own inner 
consciousness that a cause is just, and to 
espouse the cause we believe in, is to become 
the living impersonation of that cause. 

Meeting Buch an idealist wo meet the soul 
of earnest representation, and go forth 
from sui'h a presence to take up out own 
tasks with renewed interests, inspired with 
in« courage for individual accomplish 
nii'iits. A man in love with his work gets 
the richest blessing life lias to bestow. The 

homely fuels of organized labor's de- 
termined struggle for better conditions 
stand "lit clear and strong, illustrating the 
gospel of labor. For those who have 

mastered sueli facts, there is a great work 

destined. The very lives of such students 

of tl" tomic puzzle and industrial con- 
flict, are bound up in their work, until their 
daily routine of duties has become sacred 
to them, as a part of themselves. 

To clasp the friendly hand, and come 

within the light of the enthusiasm radiating 

from the great, sympathetic heart that 
thrills and throbs for the good of labor's 
hosts, is to realize that one has enjoyed 
the rare privilege of looking into, and com- 
muning face to face with the soul of labor's 
mighty cause. More and more the gTeat 
minds of this nation are becoming interested 
in the industrial welfare of the laborers, 
and the humane elements of the subject must 
appeal to the heart as well as to the head. 
"Responsibilities gravitate to the per- 
son who can shoulder them ; and power 
flows to the man who knows how." How 
happy then are we when the test of re- 
sponsibility comes to us, if the results of 
our work prove us qualified and equal to 
the emergency! We would not pray for 
"tasks equal to our powers, but for powers 
equal to our tasks. ' ' A rich reward of sat- 
isfaction comes to those who labor to deserve 
it, but congeniality with one's work is a 
boon from the fates. In any walk of life 
and in any field of labor, there is much 
sweetness to be gathered ; and a great 
wealth of satisfaction is found in faithful 

Success! If the thing is unjust thou hast 
not succeeded. — Carlyle. 

The first effort toward protection is to 
protect one's self. 


G% (Unvprnttx 


(By Wm. D. Huber, General Pr 

(WO such great, fundamental, 
world-wide problems, looking 
to the amelioration and uplift- 
ing of the wage earners, neces- 
sarily could not be antagon- 
istic to each other; and, if 
this be true, then the church 
and labor must work hand in 
hand, for the church is work- 
ing for the fatherhood of God 
and the labor unions are work- 
ing for the brotherhood of 
man, and to have the first we 
must of necessity make a living reality of 
the second. 

Since time when ' ' the memory of man 
runneth not to the contrary," the church 
has, as a general rule, put forth its efforts 
for the uplifting and encouragement of the 
fallen and down-trodden, and since the days 
when Rome was in the zenith of her glory 
the ills and wrongs of the working men 
(slaves during that period) have been con- 
tested inch by inch by those whose station 
in life necessarily made them subservient to 
the will of plutocracy, until now, the wage 
earners can justly say that many of the 
evils of mediaeval days and prehistoric 

esident U. B. of C. and J. of A.) 

times, have necessarily been obliterated. 

The wage earners and trade unionists, as 
organized bodies, do not, and it would be 
foolish if they did, claim all the credit for 
the eradication of so many of these evils. 

Certainly some other branch of organized 
society helped in the work, and without 
stretching facts, we could and should truth- 
fully say that the church has been and al- 
. ways was a strong ally of the working man 
in this respect. 

If not for the good, friendly, grand and 
magnificent work of the church and its 
minions of ministers we could not expect 
to accomplish the good we have in the past, 
nor predicate increased victories in the in- 
terests of right, justice and equality in the 

All hail to the church and its expounders 
of the Christian religion; may their paths 
in life be ever and ever lightened by the 
beautiful gospel they are teaching and ex- 
pounding, and may we, as trade unionists, 
ever be ready to assist in the humanitarian- 
ism and self-denials practiced by the ex- 
pounders of the gospel, and thus in time 
fully and completely realize the brotherhood 
of man and the fatherhood of God. 


Orange, president of the State 
Carpenters' Union, spoke be- 
fore the Third Presbyterian 
Church recently and gave his 
views on labor unions and the 
attitude of the churches to- 
ward them. The members of 
Local No. 167 of the Carpen- 
ters' Union marched to the 
church in a body, headed by 
John T. Cosgrove. Mr. Bot- 
terill said in part: 
' ' We have been pained at the indifference 
— the apparent want of sympathy for the 
labor movement shown by the churches. The 
circumstances surrounding the men who 
labor with their hands have compelled them 
to ally themselves with others in order that 

they may receive that which they are en- 
titled to — the right to live. I am one of 
those who believe that if the intentions and 
purposes of the signers of the Declaration 
of Independence were carried out there 
would be no need of labor organizations. 
If the same principles that actuated the 
signers of the declaration actuated the men 
of affairs throughout the land, and all gov- 
ernment officials, there would be no need for 
combinations of workingmen for self-pro- 

' ' While we remained a pastoral people 
and followed agriculture every man was 
content with his lot, because each received 
a just share of that which he produced. Our 
forefathers were content to share with each 
other and to sell and barter without a 
thought of profit. The moment the fever of 

industrialism took possession of us and we 
branched out into newer and larger fields of 

endeavor and profit the Belflsl bs of man 

croppcil ■■hi and thi' necessity for labor Or- 
ganizations became apparent. It was want 

and suffering that brought them into erisi 
ence. When a man is (rilling to work and 

is able to give u fair' day's labor I aght 

to receive such remuneration as will lift bira 
out of the dangei of poverty, and there 
should be nothing i" prevent him from ob- 
tainisg such an honorable living. 

"We may have among ns some who arc 
not what they should I e, but show me the 
large organization that is perfect. The 
labor movement stands today before the 
world having a code of ethics that will mm- 
pare favorably with ikat of any other body. 

"At one time intemperance prevailed in 
labor organizatii ds and they could meet no- 
where but i ii the saloons. Tt is only within a 
few years that we have been able to meet 
anywhere else. We iliil not get the sym- 
pathy from those from whom we had a right 
to expect it. If we went to hire a hall or a 
school room in a church, we were driveD 
away, and in desperation the labor men 
had to go to the saloons. I thank God for 
the uplifting power of the leaders who have 
changed all this. As a result the people are 
beginning to sec us rising toward a higher 
ideal, and I predict to you that the labor 
movement is going to be the most powerful 
temperance element in the United States. 
Today there is not a labor leader who would 
dare to enter a saloon and drink and get 
drunk or act in any way disorderly. If he did 
he would be rooted out of the organization. 

"All of us are sons of the same God. 
and yet it seems strange that the great 
churches should take no interest in us. If 
we are neglected because we demand a fair 

sh.'iir of what we produce the right to live 
and < - 1 k n i <_; 1 1 in provide for mir families — I 

am deeply BOrry. We shall keep on preach 
ing these 1 rut tin independent nl' the 

churches. We Bhall preach them with all 

the power of our lives, and if the labor 
unions n.ver did anything else, their work 

in helping in make child labor despicable al 
the bands of those who use it. and in send 

ing to their homes ami to the schools chil 
dren driven into the mines and factories 

I ause the wage of the fathers of the fam 

ilies was insufficient for their support if 
the labor unions had accomplished nothing 
else, their record in that battle should en- 
title them to the sympathy of all nun. 

"I say now, if the churches wish to en- 
gage in God's work, give us your sympathy. 
If we have faults, help us to get rid of 
them and you will draw the workingmen 
ever closer to the great throne. The em- 
ployer who discharges a man because he 
belongs to a union is guilty of a great 
crime, and if this is the spirit that is to 
permeate humanity we want none of it. 
We are here to speak the truth, and if that, 
is to be the spirit of the church it will 
only alienate men. 

"I sat beside our governor in a street 
car the other day, and in speaking on labor 
matters he said: 'Mr. Botterill, when the 
employers and the employes resolve to livo 
nearer to the sermon on the mount we will 
have no need for organizations. ' If the 
sermon on the mount is to be the criterion, 
will you churchmen still stand aside, or will 
you give us the hand of fellowship? Search 
us in justice and truth and you will see 
within us the spirit that led the Great Mas- 
ter to say, 'Render to Caesar the things that 
are Csesar's and unto God the things that 
are God's.' " 

Life is but a short chase; our game — con- 

Which most pursued is most compell'd 
to fly; 

And he that mounts him on the swiftest 

Shall sooner run his courser to a stand; 

While the poor peasant from some distant 

Undanger'd and at ease, views all the 

And sees content take shelter in his cot- 
tage. — Cibber. 

Sty? (Btxxpmttv 


(By Alexander Law.) 

HE irrepressible conflict be- 
tween plutocracy and democ- 
racy is reaching its acute 
stage through the efforts of 
the railroad managers to re- 
duce the wages of the men 
who operate the transporta- 
tion systems of the nation. 
As a result of the dishonesty 
and short-sighted policy of our 
so-called railroad, financial 
and other kings, the business 
of the country is demoralized, 
thousands are out of employment, and at a 
time demanding wise and constructive 
statesmanship our captains of industry en- 
deavor to meet this state of affairs by re- 
ducing the standard of living of those in no 
way responsible for the deplorable condition 
the nation finds itself in today. It must be 
evident to all that a reconstruction of our 
industrial and political system is impera- 
tive. With our labor organizations, upon 
whom the future of the nation as well as 
the development of government of, for and 
by the people depends, at the mercy of 
courts constantly making decisions in the 
interest of plutocratic corporations and ig- 
noring the ordinary rights guaranteed by 
the constitution of these United States to 
the individual, it devolves upon all who 
believe in liberty for the masses and in the 
right of the people to rule themselves indus- 
trially as well as politically to get together, 
with the avowed object to take advantage of 
the coming presidential election in an en- 
deavor to place in the executive office a 
representative of the democratic aspirations 
of the people, which seems impossible 
through the agency of the dominant parties, 
controlled as they are, with the machinery 
in the hands of the rapacious plutocrats, 
who in their greed to make money ignore all 
the ideals and add insult to injury in an 
endeavor to make the hard-working em- 
ployes of the railroads the victims of their 
rapacity and dishonesty. A great oppor- 
tunity offers itself to the labor organiza- 
tions. The statesmen and politicians devel- 
oped under conditions no longer applicable 
to the twentieth century have conclusively 
demonstrated their inability to any longer 

pose as representatives of the desires and 
aspirations of the masses. The times are 
big with possibilities, and the plain people 
of the nation must be aroused to the clan- 
gers confronting them. The logic of events 
is compelling the masses to face the prob- 
lems now demanding solution. The Central 
Federated Union of New York City is call- 
ing upon the American Federation of Labor 
to supplement its action along industrial 
lines with political action, based on the 
demands of the people for industrial as well 
as political liberty. Another great crisis is 
now upon us, and the nation that withstood 
the greatest naval and military power and 
won its independence in its infancy and 
preserved the union of states by destroying 
the slave power in its early manhood, is now 
called upon to wage a relentless contest, not 
only in its own interest, but in the interest 
of progress, humanity and civilization, 
against an oligarchy of wealth that threat- 
ens all that the heroes of old achieved after 
years of toil and struggle for the benefit of 
the human race. It is from the ranks of 
the plain people the deliverer must come. 
All other agencies have failed to measure 
up to the opportunities confronting the 
nation today. The Eight-Hour League of 
America presents vital issues that all lovers 
of freedom and progress, independent of 
present political or industrial affiliation, can 
unite upon. An impregnable issue, voicing 
the worldwide demand for the universal 
eight-hour workday. An issue the American 
people are already agreed upon, and one on 
which all further social and industrial devel- 
opment of the people depends. One that 
can become operative through the railroad 
systems of the country without additional 
legislation the same day the next president 
takes the oath of office, the 4th of March, 
1909. The Eight-Hour League of America 
also stands for the recognition of the right 
of the national organizations of labor to 
regulate the hours, wages and working con- 
ditions of their constituents. The indus- 
trial peace of the nation depends upon this 
recognition, and next to the initiative and 
referendum it is the surest way by which 
the working masses can retain a hold upon 
the government of which they are so im- 

utyr (Earyrntrr 

portonl a part, as political liberty without 

industrial fr lom is as i ialy tho grow 

ing intelligence of the people can no longer 
tolerate. The industrial slavery worao than 
chattel Blavery thai now dooms ovei two 
millions of the children of this reputed 
• • land of the free ' ' to i"il and wear their 

TOIing 1 i \ . s "ill at .-in age when lln\ should 

be in school and al play, qualifying and 
strengthening themselves in t : > k . • mi active 
pari in whal the nation is supposed to rep- 
ni and stand for, can be met and elim 
inated by this recognition. Our labor organ- 
izations have always been foremost in in- 
sisting on humane conditions for all em- 
ployes and against the employment of 
children. They more than mir state and 
national legislators realize the danger to 
their own offspring as well us to the nation 
thai must soon call upon them to assume 
the cares of citizenship. Such employment 
disqualifies them for the tusk and rentiers 
in in the helpless victims of the inhuman 
system now in vogue. The outrageous loss 
of life ami limb in the mills, mines and 
factories and on the railroads of the coun- 
try is bormiiing greater every year, notwith- 
standing the safety appliances available to 
lessen the casualties of our industrial life, 
more deadly in its effects than the recenl 
Japanese and Russian war was to its par- 
ticipants, can better be prevented by this 
recognition than possibly by all the legisla- 
tion of the various states and that of the 
national government combined. On the 
seore of what that recognition will achieve 
for humanity the American people, let alone 
the laboring masses, now the victims of the 
greed, rapacity and inhumanity of those 
who value their ill-gotten money more than 
the lives of men. should stand for it as one 
man. With this object in view we can 
rally the people to vote in their own inter- 
ests and for their own protection and give 
to their representatives who will gravitate 
to the front under these conditions the 
power to continue the upbuilding of the 
great republic Washington fought for and 
Lincoln died for. President Roosevelt, in 
his recent message to congress calling atten- 
tion to abuses and asking for remedial legis- 
tion, and for his efforts on behalf of the 
railroad employes threatened with a reduc- 
tion of wages, is deserving of commenda- 
tion. And it is a noteworthy fact that in 

il teres! of the square deal bo in n rj 

SO much favors I"' has brought upon Inn .11 
the opposition of Ins party, which is g I 

evidence thai neithor be nor any one ''Is' 1 
who Bhould succeed him, owing election to 

the forces now in control of the party 01 

represented by the great Lincoln, could m 
would do in the interests of the masses 
what, they, seeking a leader of their own 
familiar with the obstacles now handicap 
ping them, by the exorcise of their political 
power can do for themselves. The Indus 
trial questions transcend in importance, bo 

far as the future welfare of the nation is 

concerned, anything the politicians and so- 
called statesmen are preparing to tight their 
usual sham battles about. The labor quet 
tion. as the foundation question of all fu- 
ture advance, rails for its proper solution, 
And the labor element of the nation, rising 
to the great opportunity now before it. must 
by its intelligence, its devotion to the great 
cause of humanity ami in the interest of 
the ilrii ralic aspirations of the plain peo- 
ple, upon whom the future peace ami pros 
perity of the world depends, rise in its 
might ami place at the head Of the nation 
one commissioned by its authority to use 
any ami all powers of the people to save the 
union nt' labor, now threatened by forces 
that, have always worked against the inter- 
ests of the people, ami is as necessary to the 
present and future salvation of the republic 
as was the union of states necessary to its 
preservation in the .lavs that tried men's 
souls, the hemic- .lays of the great civil war, 
nearly fifty years ago. 

The Stumbling Block. 
The progress of labor unions is often re- 
tarded by the indifference of some of its 
members. Frequently the work is left to 
about five or six industrious men. The 
others lean on them and make their task 
all the harder. Are you working to try 
and improve your conditions, or are you 
leaning on the other fellow, and permit- 
ting him to carry a burden which partly 
belongs on your shoulders? — Minneapolis 
Labor News. 

No man ever became, or can become, large- 
ly rich merely by labor and economy. — 


(Hfj? (Earprnter 


(By J. O. Carson.) 

N considering the question of 
returning a fugitive to a state 
for the purpose of trying him 
in the demanding state for a 
crime committed, there are 
two fundamental points to 
bear in mind — the right of the 
asking state to punish its re- 
calcitrant citizen, and the 
right of the refuge state to 
purge its territory of the 

The first-mentioned state 
owes it as a duty to all law-abiding mem- 
bers of its community to discipline wrong- 
doers for treason, felonies and other crimes, 
for the purpose that by such prompt action 
"punishment may come to few and fear to 
many, ' ' and further, by this means proper 
respect will be paid to the laws of the state 
asking for the fugitive. 

The second-mentioned state, through its 
executive, owes it as a duty to its citizens 
to deliver up the wrongdoer in order to 
purge its domains, to prevent contamination 
of .its subjects, and last, but not least, that 
justice, law, good order and peace may be 
triumphant over those who seek by their 
criminality to tear down this nation, which 
has been justly termed an "indissoluble 
union of indestructible states," by causing 
enmity between the two sovereign powers. 

Article 4, Section 2, of the constitution of 
the United States reads: 

' ' A person charged in any state with 
treason, felony or other crime, who shall flee 
from justice and be found in another state, 
shall, on the demand of the executive au- 
thority of the state from which he fled, be 
delivered up to be removed to the state hav- 
ing jurisdiction of the crime. ' ' 

This section on its face is mandatory, 
and in the opinion of the writer it is oblig- 
atory on the part of the asylum state to 
render up the fugitive, but was not so held 
in Kentucky vs. Dennison, 24 Howard 103. 
This case, as we know, was rendered in a 
way for political reasons, and therefore 
should have but little force or effect in con- 
sidering cases at this present time. 

However, as one writer aptly observes, 
' ' He who considers merely the letter of the 

statute only goes skin deep," it is neces- 
sary that we support our contention that 
the section is mandatory by indisputable 
argument, and in so doing we will not have 
the support of the authorities, "but expect 
to convince the unbiased mind by logical 

The original articles of confederation, 
which went into effect in March, 1781, and 
remained the supreme law of the land until 
March, 1789, or until the adoption of the 
constitution, made provision for surrender- 
ing fugitives from justice between the sov- 
ereign states, and we have quoted the sec- 
tion in the constitution now obtaining. 

We hold as the framers of the article of 
the confederation, and the builders of the 
constitution realized the dangers and neces- 
sity and expediency of putting out of the 
power of the states the opportunity of fur- 
nishing a haven of refuge to those who had 
wantonly, wilfully and maliciously violated 
the laws of one state and then sought a 
retreat in another commonwealth, and thus 
right wisely made rendition obligatory. 

The maxim, ' ' Bxpressio unios, est ex- 
clusio alterious" (the expression of one 
thing excludes another), was never better 
expounded or exemplified than in this sec- 
tion; it is, in our opinion, one of the dele- 
gated powers given to the federal govern- 
ment by the sovereign states, and therefore 
rendition of the fugitive should be obliga- 
tory; in other words, the refuge state 
should have no choice in the premises. 

No executive of any state has a legal, 
moral or equitable right to refuse rendition 
of the fugitive when proper requisition is 
made, and if he does refuse, then it is time 
for the United States courts to interfere 
and see to it that the fugitive from justice 
is delivered up and the above quoted section 
is enforced to the letter by issuing a ' ' writ 
of mandate" on the governor of the refus- 
ing state. 

One state cannot pursue those who violate 
its laws into other states, and as it concerns 
all that those guilty of the more atrocious 
crimes should not go unpunished, it be- 
hooves each state, out of courtesy, if noth- 
ing else would prompt them, to deliver up 
the fugitive. 

<Shr (Earprutrr 

We know thai it has 1 d held disere 

tionnry mi the part "C the executive to »ur 
render up the refugee (-1 Howard 86), bul 

we contend that t lie i-ourl did not adopt the 
rigbl line of reasoning; tbnt it should have 
reasoned the necessity of rendition by the 

Mi-ftimi ul' tin nstihition, and thus pcrpet 

liate the peaceful enmity which should exist 

between the states. 

Again, it has been held that where the 
prisoner to be tried has been kidnapped and 
brought back to the state where the crime 
was committed, he is not entitled to release 
mm habeas corpus. This was held in Kerr 
vs. Illinois, 11!) U. S. 436. This was a case 
where the Fugitive was kidnapped in Lima, 
Peru, and while it is a foreign case, still 
the point decided was that it was immate- 
rial as to how the prisoner was obtained. 

Also in Mahon vs. Justice, 127 U. S. 700, 
where the fugitive was forcibly abducted 
while extradition proceedings were pending 
between Kentucky and West Virginia, it 
was held that the prisoner was not entitled 
to release or discharge on writ of habeas 
corpus. Tn other words, it was immaterial 
as to how the fugitive was obtained, just so 
long as he was in custody and proper serv- 
ice was had on him in the demanding state. 

Further, it has been held in Hall vs. Pat- 
terson, 45 Fed. Rep. 352, that it was not 
grounds for release simply because the ex- 
tradition proceedings in the other state 
were irregular. 

In coming back to Kentucky vs. Denni- 
son, supra, it was held that the words, "it 
shall be the duty to deliver up the fugi- 
tive." were not used in a mandatory or 
compulsory sense, but were simply declara- 
tory of a moral duty. 

This, in our opinion, is not in accordance 
with the line of arguments advanced where 
the fugitive was kidnapped, and the recent 
case on this is Haywood, Moyer and Petti- 
bone vs. Idaho. In this case, as we well 
know, the line of reasoning was the same as 
in the other kidnapping cases — that habeas 
corpus would be denied where the fugitives 
were in proper custody, awaiting trial, and 
that it was immaterial as to how those fugi- 
tives were obtained. 

If the "kidnapping" line of reasoning 
holds good, then very little respect is paid 
to the laws of a state, and if the "moral 
duty" line of reasoning should obtain, then 

it appears to ni thai do respect is paid to 
the mandatory interpretation we place on 

Article i. Section _, of the i stitution of 

the United States. 

It further appears to us, infereiil iallv, at 
least, that the courts argue Article 4, See 
lion -, shall command the respect of the 
states alter the prisoner is 01 in the ens 

tody of the demanding state by very yen 

erallv refusing release to the prisoner on 

habeas corpus proceedings. 

In 1 SIS congress passed a law, stating in 
DO uncertain terms that extradition, in so 
far as it concerned foreign fugitives, was, 
under the Constitution, vested in the federal 
government, and if this be true, and no 
stale can protect a foreign criminal found 
in that commonwealth, then why, we may 
ask, can they protect a criminal from extra- 
dition to a sister state? 

The arguments advanced by constitu- 
tional writers and the judges in rendering 
derisions may be specious, may be volumin- 
ous and may be convincing to some, but in 
our opinion they lack the saving element of 
common sense when they try to give more 
force and effect to one provision of the con- 
stitution than they do to another provision 
of the same instrument. 

This they certainly do when they say that 
the federal government alone, under the 
constitution, is vested with authority to reg- 
ulate the rendition of foreign fugitives, and 
under the same instrument, and with a man- 
datory provision to guide them, say that 
interstate rendition is a matter of comity 
between the states, and further, that the 
clauses of the state constitution touching 
this matter are merely supplemental to the 
clause in the federal constitution. 

In other words, the clause in the constitu- 
tion regulating the rendition of foreign fu- 
gitives is no stronger than the clause in 
regard to interstate rendition, and it should 
not be left to the pleasure or prejudice or 
humor of the state executive to say whether 
or not a fugitive should be delivered up to 
the demanding state for trial according to 
its laws. 

In our opinion there is no choice in the 
premises; the section is mandatory on its 
face, and if the states refuse to deliver up, 
then it is time for congress to take the 
matter in hand by passing supplementary 
laws which will take, for all time to come, 


this matter out of the hands and power of 
the state officials. 

In considering this argument it is well to 
bear in mind that the authorities are gener- 
ally against us on the proposition, but, in 
taking the argument from premise to con- 
clusion, we hold that in the interest of law, 
good order, justice and courtesy between the 
states, as well as the provision of the fed- 

eral constitution, that it is the duty of a 
state, through its chief executive, to deliver 
up any fugitive and to honor any requisition 
where there is reasonable cause to suspect 
the fugitive, and proper demand has been 
made, to the demanding state, and thus 
assist in cementing that bond of brother- 
hood which should exist between all com- 
monwealths of this union. 


(By W. J. Shields.) 

I HE winter just past, ushered in 
with what was styled a money 
stringency, precipitating a 
most severe industrial depres- 
sion, subjected our general as 
well as our local organization 
to a test such as but once or 
twice has been encountered in 
our history. We faced this 
crisis, appreciating that we 
were to be subject to a trial 
that would demonstrate the 
qualities of concrete associa- 
tions. The membership was plunged by the 
thousands into the condition of enforced 
idleness, causing great privation and much 
suffering, thereby instituting the severest 
kind of a test that a unionist can be sub- 
jected to — a test that in the past has de- 
pleted memberships, and in facing this pres- 
ent crisis we were naturally concerned if 
history in this particular would not repeat 
itself. The winter above referred to has 
come and gone, giving us the opportunity to 
reckon with results, and in this summing up 
I personally feel satisfied at the showing 
made. As far as I have been permitted to 
study effect, I find the shrinkage is not be- 
yond that of the ordinary winter months. 
This good showing is largely due to 
the provisions entered into by our unions 
at the beginning of the crisis. Our age has 
also played an important part, as time is a 
natural developer, and to the years of serv- 
ice as rendered by the individual comes the 
better understanding of the union 's neces- 
sity. Meetings have been held by our locals 
to instruct and strengthen the membership. 
In our larger communities the delegates to 
the District Councils have kept actively 
after all infringements on the trade condi- 

tions and have also taken time to study the 
needs of the constituent unions, and where 
help was needed have bolstered up the weak 
through the aid of the strong. Through 
this showing we have changed the impres- 
sion that held good up to the present de- 
pression, that a trade unionist was only to 
be depended on during prosperous times, 
and that removed from plentiful employ- 
ment he is apt to become a competitor with 
his kind to. their mutual disadvantage. We 
are encouraged into the belief that the les- 
son has been learned that cheapness does 
not add to the volume of business. It is a 
well established truism that business suc- 
cesses are dependent on a well regulated 
labor condition. Steady employment, backed 
by high wages, is essential to business pros- 
perity. So, in the defense of the conditions 
made possible through our organized efforts, 
we not only serve our own interest, but are 
the mainstay necessary to the- promotion of 
the successes of society as a whole. Agree- 
ing with this naturally makes of the trade 
unionist a more dignified, far-seeing and 
energetic character, one who will not allow 
his importance to be bartered away by nar- 
rowly-constructed, selfish beings who live 
entirely within self. It is one of the pleas- 
ing things to note that all the ideas, all the 
discoveries of the past, are our property, 
to be used at our discretion in just such 
times as we have been going through. Why 
should we not be able to meet an industrial 
crisis with all our mistakes of the past as 
our guidance? We decidedly assume the 
position that life is too short to take a step 
backward. The glorious record of our or- 
ganization and similar organizations, the 
work we have entered into and accomplished 
for those of us and those depending on us, 

dJItr (Earynttrr 

the splendid outlook possible, depending on 
tin' ova we exercise over the genera] organ 

iaatioDi Our past is :i t rd of splendid 

accomplishments. For nigh onto twentj 
eight years the V. B. has been doing its 
work, and who »ill deny the beneficial 
advantages derived from the fact of its 

existencel The good has boon carried mi 

without tmirli bluster, lint its effect li;is 1 n 

frit in thr homes of its beneficiaries. We 
nro all better men fur the fact of the U. B. 
existing. Knowing tliis. it becomes easy to 
understand why our members have, down 
through the era of these stagnant times. 
Stubbornly contested any and all encroach 
ments on tlieir rights and privileges as 
union men. It is gratifying to feel that we 

have developed to the extent of being able 
to protect tli nditions made possible 

through our concentrated efforts. The times 
we are passing through demand no hi op in 

further enhancing our power in this partic 

ular. We have gone through the lire of 
teat and havi m it nascorched. We 

have proved our qualities and are justified 

in feeling e secure as defenders of the 

cause we represent than though the test had 
no), been applied. Willi the spring season 
opening up with its promises of relief, 
bringing rays of gladness into the home 
life, dispelling the gloom of the past, wn 
can take up anew the «ork and justly strive 
for that mastery of control consistent with 
justice and equality Of rights. 


(By Kenneth 

I HE strike seemed to drag wear- 
ily on. Day after day the boys 
reported at headquarters, in- 
quiring for news and were 
told to hold nut a little longer. 
But when pressed for definite 
information the leaders were 
mum. So the men would 
gather in groups in the meet- 
ing room, or scatter by twos 
or threes along the streets, dis- 
cussing the situation in an 
atmosphere of deep gloom. 
The leaders would meet every morning be- 
hind closed doors and come out again with 
blank faces. 

' ' Nothing doing, ' ' was their only com- 

It began to be whispered about that the 
strike was practically lost. The men grew 
impatient, and some sullenly cursed the 
leaders. Funds were running low and the 
weekly strike pay was not longer forthcom- 

"But," muttered the malcontents; "the 
leaders are getting theirs; else why ain't 
the strike called off?" 

Matters were brought to a crisis by an 
announcement from the bosses that the open 
shop would prevail all over the city, and 
calling upon the men to return to their 
places within three days or consider them- 
selves discharged. 


It was well timed, for most of the men 
were penniless, and at home their little 

ones were crying for bread. Son penly 

announced their intention of going back; 
others thought so but said nothing. Yet 
there were also those determined to stick 
and fight to the finish. 

Jim Higgie was one of them. He had 
studied the controversies leading up to the 
strike and had also been a (dose observer of 
developments since. When he read the an- 
nouncement of the open shop, he winked one 
eye and grunted : 

"Guess there is something doing in the 
enemy's camp! " 

Then he tilted back his chair and sucked 
his pipe in deep thought. 

A meeting had been called at headquar- 
ters that day — just to make an announce- 
ment, it was said. Jim went down and 
found the room packed. The chairman of 
the strike committee stepped to the plat- 
form and said : 

' ' Boys, the situation is like this : We are 
out of funds and unable to give you any 
more strike pay, but the bosses are also 
hard up. Most of them would have been 
willing to sign our agreement and take our 
men back, had it not been that the firm of 
Colson & Krottel have got hold of a superin- 
tendent who boasts openly that he can get 
all the competent non-union mechanics 
needed. His name is Bryn, and if we can 


handle Bryn in some way the victory is 
ours. And now, boys, that is all I can say 
at this time." 

' ' Bryn, ' ' muttered Jim to himself. ' ' I 
guess he must be a pretty interesting fel- 
low if he can make good that boast. I'll 
have a look at him, I guess. Won't hurt, 
anyhow ! ' ' 

So Jim set about locating Bryn, and, 
learning that he was in one of the sky- 
scrapers going up on Broadway, he sta- 
tioned himself at the entrance of the build- 
ing. When the noon whistle blew the watch- 
man pointed out to him a big, red-faced 
fellow with a drooping mustache and a 
heavy jaw. Jim scrutinized the face — it 
was an evil face — and stormy recollections 
crowded on his mind. He knew then that 
the man's name was not Bryn but Brennan 
— -Walter Brennan. He had known him in 
former years; the two had grown up in the 
same town and learned their trade together. 
But Brennan had turned out bad. He be- 
came a drunkard and all around brawler, 
mixing into all kinds of scrapes, finally 
shooting his employer, robbing him of a 
large sum of money, and left for parts un- 
known. This was the man who now, after 
ten years of wandering, had turned up in 
New York as a strike breaker. And he 
was the prop upon which the bosses were 
leaning — the prop that must be knocked out 
from under them, or the strike was lost. 

Brennan passed out of the building with- 
out recognizing Jim, leaving the latter in 
perplexity of mind. He could easily get 
Brennan out of the way by informing the 
police of his whereabouts, but Brennan had 
once done Jim a favor, and Jim was the 
kind that never forgot a good turn. An- 
other course was open to him and he re- 
solved to try it. 

That evening at 5 o'clock he again sta- 
tioned himself at the same entrance, and 
when Brennan came out and turned down 
Cortlandt street entering the Pennsylvania 
railroad ferry house he followed. In the 
waiting room he went up and spoke to him: 

"Hello, Brennan!" 

The big fellow eyed him in evident sur- 
prise, but, feigning non-recognition, he re- 

"You are mistaken, my man! I don't 
know you; and besides, my name is Bryn— 
not Brennan. ' ' 

' ' Well, ' ' replied Jim, ' ' let it be anything 
you like now; but it used to be Brennan 
when last I saw you, and I guess the name 
of Jim Higgie sounds familiar enough." 

The big fellow was nettled, seeing his 
bluff had not worked. Then turning an- 
other tack he held out his hand saying: 

' ' Well, Jim, I am glad to see you ! ' ' 

"Can't say as much of you," retorted 
Jim, ignoring the hand. 

"Why? What's the matter, Jim?" 

"Matter enough! You are engaged in a 
dirty business, Brennan, and you know it ! " 

"I won't admit that; but supposing 1 
am — what's it to you?" 

"It is a great deal to me. You are pre- 
venting me and others from making an 
honest living, and you are taking the bread 
away from our families," asserted Jim. 

' ' You talk like a fool ! It 's all your own 
fault ! ' ' exclaimed Brennan. ' ' Why don 't 
you come to work? I'll give you a job," 
he argued. 

"No, Brennan, we are in this fight to 
win; we are going to win, and I want you 
to help us, ' ' said Jim. 

"How? In what way?" demanded the 

"By joining the union," suggested Jim. 

' ' Not on your life ! ' ' exclaimed the big 
fellow, scornfully. " I 'm making more money 
now than I can ever hope to make in the 
union." Then confidentially: "Do you 
know, Jim, I'm earning a hundred dollars 
a week and a little on the side? Why don't 
you let the union go to h — and come with 

"I'm not built that way, Brennan. The 
little temporary advantage gained could 
never make up for the loss of my honor, 
good name and self-respect. Besides, I be- 
lieve our cause to be just, and I'm going 
to fight till we win, "declared Jim. 

' ' You '11 never win this fight, Jim — take 
my word for it, you 've lost it now, ' ' leered 
the other. 

"Oh, no! We haven't played our last 
card yet. When we play that the bosses 
will look mighty sick, and you '11 have a life- 
time job where you wouldn't like to be," 
returned Jim calmly. 

"What do you mean?" demanded Bren- 
nan startled. 

"I mean that if you don't quit this 
strike-breaking business right now I'll do 

©ljp (Earynttrr 

something thai goes against my grain, !"• 
cause I never was a squealer I'll pul the 
authorities on your track, and you know 
what that means," replied Jim, turning 
as it' to go. 

Brennan chewed his under lip and Jim 
perceived that his thrust had reached home 

with telling effort. The st renin of | pie 

going across the ferry had by this time 
thinned considerably and it was getting 
late, .lim intimated his intention of taking 
leave, but Brennan seemed anxious to pro- 
long the conversation nnd suggested that 
Jim take a riilc with him on the ferry so 
they could talk matters over. After some 
hesitation, be finally consented and the two 
got on the boat, taking up :i position by the 
rail on the forward end, where they were 
alone. The night was dark and a heavy fog 
hung over the river. Lights could not be 
seen a boat's length away, and the scream- 
ing of whistles, tooting of fog-horns and 
ringing of bells made a Babel of noises as 
the boat glided through the still waters at 
half speed. 

Brennan offered Jim a cigar and they 
both smoked away a while in silence. 

"Do you really mean to inform on me.'" 
asked Brennan, resuming the conversation. 
"Only as a last resort. If you'll ,ioin 
the union, we'll give you a chance to live 
down your past and become an honest man. 
Why won't you do it?" 

"I can't afford it, Jim. This is a pay- 
ing business, and, let me tell you, an hon- 
est man never gets rich. I'm making 
money and laying by some for a rainy day, 
too. If I could do as well in the union, I 
wouldn't mind, for I don't give a rap for 
tho bosses. Let me tell you, they are an 
onery bunch. They would eat each other 
alive if they could; but they are paying me 
well, and that 's all I care about." 

"Haven't you a bit of honor or manhood 
about you? And isn't there something that 
makes life worth living aside from this in- 
sane hankering after money?" 

"Honor and manhood be damned! 
There's no such thing! But see here. Jim: 
I have five hundred dollars in my pocket. 
That 's a snug sum for any workingman. 
If you keep mum and leave me alone, the 
money is yours — here, now." 

' ' You 've run against the wrong man, 
Brennan. I don't barter my principles that 

way. STou'vc heard my proposition; the 
real is op to yon. ' ' 

The heavy brow of the strike breaker con 
tracted into a bcow! and Jim caught an an 
gry gleam from his small, crafty - 
There was a quick move and a heavy hand 

clutched his throat, tightening on his wind- 
pipe, and he fell himself (or I backward 

over the rail. The next thing hi' knew he 
was struggling in the water, gasping Coi 
breath. He emptied his mouth with a 

Spurl and struck out swimming, shouting 
for help tho while; but his voice was 
drowned by the tooting whistles. He heard 
tho roar and splash of revolving paddles, 
and the danger of being run over in the 
darkness seemed imminent. His water- 
soaked clothes were weighing him down and 
his Strength was rapidly waning. Again 
and again he shouted, but heard no answer- 
ing response. 

"Guess I'm a goner," he muttered, and 
tho thought of Flo, his wife, 'and Bczzy, 
the baby, came to him vividly. What would 
become of them when he was gone? The 
world would be dark for them and it was 
terrible to die thus without them knowing 
what had become of him. And the boys 
would miss him and they would wonder if 
he, too, who had always been regarded as a 
good union man, had gone scabbing it. 
And that thought was also terrible. 

' ' God, help, ' ' he prayed. 

In the distance he beard the chugging of 
a tug-boat exhaust coming his way. There 
was yet hope, but bis shoes seemed like 
lead; they were pulling his feet down and 
he could hardly keep his head above water. 
Nearer sounded the exhaust, ever nearer, 
and at last he saw a light loom out of the 
fog and bear down upon him. With an in- 
tense desire to live for the wife and for the 
little one, he gathered his remaining 
strength and with a desperate effort raised 
his head out of the water, shouting: 


He heard a clanging of bells and a sharp 
chugging as the engines were reversed. The 
disturbed water rippled about his head, the 
tug-boat lay to and a couple of strong hands 
grabbed Ids arms and pulled him aboard. 

The next day Jim went down town to a 
newspaper office where he knew the city 
editor. He handed him a closely written 
page of manuscript, requesting that it be 


printed in the afternoon edition under large 

' ' All right, ' ' said the editor, looking the 
paper over. "Can you substantiate it?" 

' ' I can, ' ' replied Jim, ' ' for I am the 

That afternoon the Journal came out 
with large headlines on the front page: 


'Man Thrown Overboard a Pennsylvania 
R, R. Ferry-boat. 

"Police Looking for Walter Bryn, Whose 
Right Name Is Said To Be Brennan — A 
Man of Many Crimes — Witnesses Have 

5ty? (Untptnttx 

Furnished Good Description and Police 
Are on the Trail — Arrest Hourly Ex- 
pected. ' ' 

Jim hired a newsboy to stand in front of 
the building where Brennan was superin- 
tendent and cry the extra at the hour of 
quitting. Then he went into a cigar store 
across the street and watched. He saw 
Brennan come out, buy a paper and vanish 
in the crowd. Then he went home satisfied 
that the strike-breaker would not be seen 
in New York for many a day. 

That week the strike was settled. Every 
demand of the union was conceded, and but 
few had an inkling of how the great victory 
was won. 

A Puzzle. 

This interesting puzzle has been published 
at different times in previous issues of The 
Carpenter. Upon numerous requests, and 
presuming that it may still be something 

sheet of paper 8x8 inches, perfectly square, 
as per sketch below; lay out and cut up 
this sheet, or surface, in pieces of such 
sizes and shape that by reassembling them 

































































new and surprising to many of our mem- 
bers and readers, we again offer it for solu- 

The perplexing feature of the puzzle is 

to transform a surface of 8x8 inches, or 

64 square inches, into a surface of 65 

square inches. To accomplish this take a 


in a different way, the surface shows a 
gain of 1 square inch or a total of 65 
square inches. 

Members and readers who will try to 
find the solution to this problem will please 
write to the journal stating results. Solu- 
tion will follow in next issue. 

The Carpenter 


The United Brotherhood 


Carpenters and Joiners of America 

Published on tbe IMh of each Month at thr 


I ml lana[<olln. Ind. 



Subscription Price. 
One Dollar a Year In Advance, postpaid. 

Addreia all lettera and money to 


P. O. Box 187 - - - - Indlanapolli. Ind 


There is a probability, not a certainty, 
however, of a modification by action of Con- 
gress of the decisi m banded down by tho 
United States supreme court nn February 
3 declaring the Sherman anti-trust law ap- 
plicable to labor unions. 

Tbe decision is so unwarranted, so in- 
fringing on the inherent rights anil liberties 
of tbe working people, in fact so un-Ameri- 
can, tbat our chief executive is recommend- 
ing a revision of the law on which the de- 
cision is based. Even men of the employ- 
ing class, in a sense of justice and patriot- 
ism, are urging the passage by Congress of 
an amendment to this law exempting labor 
unions from liability under its provisions. 

Other capitalist interests, however, fore- 
most the leaders of the association of man- 
ufacturers and employers, are strongly op- 

posed in i in- amending of the Sherman and 
inist law so that boycotts may bo legalized. 

Vet, si id Congress t' : < ■ I to pass an amend 

>i in i to that effect, thereby exempting laboi 
ii n i < ■ ii - from the conspiracy in restraint of 
trade clause of said law, its revision will 
ii hi hi for naught as far as labor unions arc 

concerned as it will then not remedy the 

wrong inflicted upon organized labor by the 

('. s. supreme court in rendering that ta 
mous decision. 

Should the Sherman anti-trust law stand 
as it is. ami as ii is interpreted by the I'. 

S. supreme court, then organized labor is 
denied the right of free speech and the 
right of free press. 

If its provisions make il unlawful [or 
labor unions to brine; to the notice of their 
members, their friends and the public what 
firm is unfair to them, what employer ad- 
heres to union rules and what employer is 
non-union, then there .-an be no conspiracy 
in the meaning of the U. S. supreme court's 
decision and the law might as well go un- 
amended and remain as it is. 

Organized labor can not afford to dis- 
pense with the right to give publicity to 
the fact that a certain firm is unfair or a 
certain employer non-union. Without the 
exercising of this right by the labor anions, 
it will be impossible for their members to 
distinguish the fair from the unfair em- 
ployer when in search of employment. They 
will be unable t.. live up to the unions' 
constitution and may go "scabbing" and 
not be aware of it. Without this right 
lal or organization is rendered powerless and 
helpless; it ian not fulfill its mission, and 
should we be deprived of this right, we 
must put up a good strong fight at the bal- 
let box for its restitution. 

Our antagonists assert tbat there should 
be no distinction between trusts and labor 
unions in the application of the Sherman 
anti-trust law; that a boycott is a con- 
spiracy in restraint of trade, whether 
practiced by corporations or labor unions, 
and that if corporations are to be inhibited 


from such practice, labor unions must be 
likewise inhibited. This may be logical 
reasoning from their point of view. Cap- 
italists generally abhor all restriction in 
their strife for profit and personal gain. 
But from a humane point of view and con- 
sidering the interests of the people at large, 
a distinction in this respect, the exemp- 
tion of labor unions from prosecution as 
trusts or monopolies, is not only just but 
necessary to the free development of the la- 
bor movement and hence to the public well- 

The trusts are a combination of a few, 
banded together for the purpose of con- 
troling the sale of commodities and to se- 
cure larger profits for this few to the detri- 
ment of their competitors who in the process, 
in many instances, are driven to the wall. 

The labor unions on the other hand, stand 
for the amelioration of the condition of the 
toiling masses, and for the economic, social, 
and moral uplifting of all mankind. Any 
improvement in the toiler 's condition, be it 
by securing higher wages or a reduction 
of w r orking hours, or by better living con- 
ditions otherwise, reverts to the general 
good. The toiler, the producer of wealth, 
not being in possession of the means of pro- 
duction, such as capital, factories, machin- 
ery, etc., is degraded to a position of 
economical dependence. He is compelled to 
sell his labor power to the possessor of the 
means of production, and if he is hampered 
by law or court decisions in the free exer- 
cise of his rights and liberties as a citizen 
of this land, if he is embarrassed in the pro- 
tection of his interests against the encroach- 
ment of greedy capital, he is helplessly at 
the mercy of the employer. Such laws and 
decisions benefit only the unscrupulous em- 
ployer, and as they are detrimental to the 
interests of the toiling masses, they work 
an injury to society at large. 

When the time has arrived, and it surely 
will come, where this is fully understood 
and recognized by our legislators and 
judges, they will endeavor to promote labor 
organization instead of hindering it by the 
enactment of laws or by rendering decisions 
favorable to capital and detrimental to la- 
bor's interests. 

This country's advanced industrial posi- 
tion, to a great extent, is attributable to 
the activity and efficiency of labor organiza- 

(JH|f (tinvpniUx 

tion, while the manufacturers', or employ- 
ers' associations ami alliances, in their 
frantic efforts to crush labor organization, 
are a menace to the country's progress and 
prosperity. Were it possible to put labor 
unions out of existence, this country would 
soon be on a par with eastern European 
and Asiatic countries, where chattel slavery, 
extreme poverty and famine prevail ; where 
industry is undeveloped and backward, and 
labor unions unknown. 

No intelligent trades unionist takes pleas- 
ure in any boycott proceeding, or likes to see 
any firm's name on the unfair list. Such 
action is only taken when all other means of 
coming to an amicable settlement of differ- 
ences have failed. Same as strikes, the 
boycott is a last resort, and as it is directed 
only against unjust, unscrupulous firms or 
employers, such as are averse to a square 
deal, fair minded employers or firms need 
not fear any boycott. 

Organized labor must insist on the right 
to strike ; on peaceful picketing ; on the 
right to peacefully dissuade non-unionists 
from taking the places of their members on 
strike, and it must insist on the right to 
publish an unfair list. 

It appears, however, that there is no hope 
for justice being done to labor organizations 
in this respect by our present legislatures 
and judiciaries, constituted, as they are, 
through the fault of the workingmen them- 
selves, by men of the capitalistic class, who, 
naturally, will serve capitalistic interests 
only. Working people in this country will 
get no redress for their just. grievances until 
they have a goodly number of representa- 
tives from their own ranks in congress and 
state legislatures; men who will see to it 
that the rights of the working people are 
maintained and protected. To effect this 
change in labor 's interest, and for the good 
of the commonwealth, the workingmen of 
Great Britain are showing us the way. 

According to information collected by the 
Department of Labor of the Dominion of 
Canada from the daily press, the trade jour- 
nals of the different central labor organiza- 
tions and other sources, the total number 
of labor organizations formed in Canada 
during 1907 was 232, and of organizations 
dissolved 58, being a net increase during 
the year of 174 in the number of organiza- 

tions in existence. Compared with the 
three preceding years, t ho retains Bhow a 
him rkf. i increase in the activity of organ 
ization. In 1906 the Dumber of organize 
t ions formed was 154 and of organizations 
.lissnlved 85, a gain of only 69. In 1905 
there was B net loss of 2, the unions formed 
numbering 103 and of unions dissolved 105. 
There was an increase of 44 in the number 
of unions during 1004. The year 1903 

alone, since the inauguration nf tin- present 

record by the department, was more active 

than the season just past in respect to the 
organization of workmen, the number of 
unions formed in that year being L'7.1 and 
of unions dissolved 54, a net increase 
of 221. 

If present indications are to be relied 
upon, a lockout in the building industry, 
affecting about 200,000 mechanics, is immi- 
nent in Paris, France. The men are de- 
manding the nine-hour day and an advance 
in wages in eommensuration with the in- 
creased cost of living, which, as the men 
claim, has increased 30 per cent during the 
past two years. The men also demand the 
closed shop. The master builders, in a 
counter-proposition, are offering an insig- 
nificant advance in wages, the nine-hour 
workday during the months of November 
and February, eight hours during the month 
of December and insist on the open shop. 
The minister of labor has offered his serv- 
ices as arbitrator, which offer, however, has 
been rejected by men and employers on the 
ground that the minister's intervention 
would only serve to aggravate the situation. 

Thomas Dooley, Secretary-Treasurer of 
United Association of Plumbers, Gas Fit- 
ters, Steam Fitters and Steam Fitters' 
Helpers of the United States and Canada, 
died of appendicitis Tuesday, March 17, at 
his home in Chicago. He died in the prime 
of his life. His death is a sad blow to his 
organization. He had a host of friends 
among the ranks of organized labor; all 
who knew him held him in the highest 
esteem and mourn his untimely death. We 
extend our heartfelt sympathy to his be- 
reaved family. 

French language, I, "Oiivrier (The Worker), 
in Montreal. Can. The paper is jointly anil 
ably edited by men prominent in tho move 
rneiil. II furnishes interesting reading on 
the labor question in all its phases and 
promises to be a great help to labor organ- 
ization in Canada. Wo heartily welcome 
this new champion of labor's cause and 
hope it will live long and prosper. 

The article under the enption, "Labor's 
Duty to Itself," specially written by Prof. 
Ezra G. Grey for this journal and published 
elsewhere in this issue, is worthy of our 
careful attention and most earnest consider- 
ation. Tho methods employed by our ene- 
mies to block our progress and defeat us 
completely are laid wido open through their 
"confidentials" and "strictly confiden- 
tials. " We can see from whence comes the 
opposition recently manifested by the courts 
of our country. While the employers have 
the blacklist, the employes are prohibited 
and prevented from having a "We Don't 
Patronize" list. Is it possible that the 
laws only apply to the poor, weak, down- 
trodden wage-worker and deprive him of a 
privilege his employer enjoys? Tt seems 
so. The article in question should be read 
by every member of our organization. 

We take pleasure in announcing the ap- 
pearance of a new labor paper in the 

Presumably the almost entire absence of 
advertising matter on the inner pages in 
this and our March issue is a surprise to 
many of our members and readers. In ex- 
planation thereof we would state that this 
change is due to a new departure in the 
make-up of the journal as well as to a con- 
siderable raise in our advertising rates. 
There is no lack of offers from patrons to 
advertise in The Carpenter, but as we con- 
sider the journal to be, above anything else, 
a means of education and a medium for the 
exchange of views for our membership, we 
have found it advisable and to the best 
interest of our organization to restrict our 
advertising matter. This new departure en- 
ables us to devote more space to craft prob- 
lems and other instructive and interesting 
articles. It also affords our membership 
more opportunities in making use of our 
correspondence columns, of which we hope 
they will avail themselves abundantly. 

Better leave undone than do by halves. 








General Office 
State Life Building, Indianapolis, Ind. 

General President, 
WM. D. HUBER, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

General Secretary, 
FRANK DUFFY, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

General Treasurer 
THOMAS NBALB, P. O. Box 187, Indianapolis 

First Vice-President 
T. II. GDERIN, 290 Second Ave., Troy, N. Y. 

Second Vice-President 

ARTIIUR A. QUINN, Ball Block, Brighton 

Avenue, Perth Amboy, N. Y. 

General Executive Board 

WM. G. SCHARDT, Chairman, 503 Cambridge 

Bldg., Chicago, 111. 

ROBT. B. L. CONNOLLY, Secretary, Box 56, 
Birmingham, Ala. 

P. C. FOLEY, 1032 Fifth St., Edmonton, Al- 
berta, Canada. 

P. n. McCARTIIY, 10 Turk St., San Francisco, 

D. A. POST, 416 South Main Street, Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa. 

A. M. WATSON, 80 Hanover St., Boston, MasB. 

JOHN WALQDIST, 2528 Elliott Ave.. Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

All correspondence for the General Executive 
nnsrd must be sent to the General Secretary. 

Special Notice. 

To the Officers and Members of All Our 

Local Unions: 

Brothers — The Fifteenth General Conven- 
tion of the United Brotherhood of Carpen- 
ters and Joiners of America will be held 
in Salt Lake City, Utah, next September. 
This will be the first convention ever held 
in the far west, and it is to be hoped that it 
will be one of the best. Every Local Union 
should be represented if possible, so that 
the matters to be dealt with may receive 
just and fair consideration. No doubt 

many of our unions desire changes, altera- 
tions or amendments to our present laws. 
In fact, we now know that at the present 
time the matter of amending Section 137 
is before our members for referendum vote. 
What we want to avoid is a repetition of the 
law over and over again. We should have 
our general constitution so plain and sim- 
ple that a child can understand it, instead 
of having it in complicated form, as it now 
is. Many demands have been made on Gen- 
eral President Huber during the past two 
years for information of this, that or the 
other section of our general constitution, 
with the request not to give it in the phrase- 
ology in which it is now couched, but to 
give it in plain language, easily understood. 
You can therefore realize the necessity of 
having the laws so framed that there will 
be no possibility of a doubt as to their in- 
tent and meaning. 

Now is the time to consider these matters. 
Under the "good of the order" all Local 
Unions should discuss such matters. After 
action has been taken all propositions, 
changes, amendments, alterations and con- 
clusions arrived at should be referred to the 
General Secretary for publication in this 
journal, so that the entire membership may 
have an opportunity to digest same and be 
heard from. All such changes and amend-' 
ments to the old laws officially submitted to 
us will be published in the coming issues of 
The Carpenter, along with any explanations 
that may be sent with them. 

Attend to these matters now. Don't de- 
Jay until later or until the convention is in 
session; it may then be too late. In the 
past propositions were sprung from the 
floor of the convention, and in the hurry 
and rush to get through it was impossible 
to give them the attention and consideration 
they deserved and which they would have 
received if submitted to the General Office 
months in advance for publication. I would 
therefore ask that all changes, amendments, 
propositions and suggestions be sent to us 

GIljc (Earyrnirr 

without further delay in order to v." 1 ' us " 
chance to prepare. 

1 1 <>l >i mlt I'"' instructions herein contained 
will be carefully carried out, I am 
Fraternally yours, 

General Secretary. 

Laws Governing the Building Trades 
Department of the A. F. of L. 

Section 1. This organization shall be 
known as the Building Trades Department 
of the American Federation of Labor, and 

shall lie composed of national and interna- 
tional building trades organizations recog 
nized as such, duly and regularly chartered 
by the American Federation of Labor. 
Membership shall be confined to national 
and international building trades organiza- 
tions affiliated with the American Fed 
oration of Labor, and which are univer- 
sally employed in the building industry, 
either iu erection, repair or alteration. 

See. 2. The object of this body shall be 
the encouragement and formation of local 
organizations of building tradesmen, and 
the conferring of such power and authority 
upon the several locals of this department 
as may advance the interest and welfare of 
the building industry; to adjust trade dis- 
putes along practical lines as they arise 
from time to time and to create a more 
harmonious feeling between the employer 
and employe; to issue charters to State and 
Local Building Trades Councils for the pur- 
pose of attending to building trades mat- 
ters. Recognizing the justice of trade juris- 
diction, we aim to guarantee to the various 
branches of the building industry control of 
sueh work as rightfully belongs to them, 
and to which they are justly entitled. 

Sec. 3. The annual convention of this de- 
partment shall be held immediately follow- 
ing adjournment of the American Federa- 
tion of Labor convention, at such place as 
may be selected by the preceding conven- 
tion. Special conventions may be called by 
the president should a majority of the affil- 
iated national and international organiza- 
tions so request. 

See. 4. The basis of representation in the 
convention shall be: From national or in- 
ternational unions of less than 4,000 mem- 

bers, one delegate; 1,000 or more, two dele 

gates; s . more, 1 1 1 r lelegates; 

16,000 or more, four delegates; 32,000 oi 
more, five delegates, and so on. Questions 
may be decided by n division or show of 

hands; but if a roll call is demanded, each 

delegate shall cast one \ r ot e. 

Sec. 5. The delegates shall be elected at 
least thirty days previous to tl uvention, 

and the names of sueh delegates shall be 

forwarded to the Becretary-treasurer of the 
department immediately after election, 
Sec. 6. X" organization that has Beceded, 

or been expelled or suspended by this de- 
partment, the American Federati £ La 

bor, or by any national or international 
organization connected therewith, or any 

local that refuses to join the national or 

international of its trade, shall, while under 
such penalty, be allowed representation or 
recognition in this organization, or in any 
local or state Council under penalty of sus- 
pension of the body violating this section. 
Sec. 7. No organization shall be entitled 

to representation unless such organization 

is in good standing in the American I'ed.ra 
tion of Labor, or shall have applied for and 
received a certificate of affiliation at least 
three months prior to a convention of this 
department, and no person shall lie recog- 
nized as a delegate whose national or inter- 
national organization is not affiliated with 
this department. 

See. 8. The officers of this department 
shall consist of a president, five vice-presi- 
dents and a secretary-treasurer, to be elected 
at the annual convention by ballot, these 
officers to constitute the executive council, 
and no two members can belong to the same 

Sec. 9. The president and secretary- 
treasurer shall be members of the succeed- 
ing convention in case they are not dele- 
gates, but without vote, and shall be eligible 
to re-election. 

Sec. 10. All elective officers shall be 
members in good standing of their respec- 
tive organizations. 

See. 11. The terms of the officers of this 
department shall end on the first day of 
January following the convention. 

Sec. 12. The president and secretary- 
treasurer shall engage suitable offices in the 
city of Washington, D. ('., at headquarters 
of the American Federation of Labor, for 


the transaction of the business of the organ- 

Sec. 13. All books and financial accounts 
shall at all times be open to the inspection 
of the president and executive council. 

Sec. 14. All permanent salaried officers 
of this department shall devote their exclu- 
sive time to its interests. 

Sec. 15. The president shall preside at all 
conventions and executive council meetings, 
and exercise supervision of the department 
throughout its jurisdiction; sign all official 
documents, orders on the secretary-treas- 
urer, and devote his exclusive time for the 
advancement of the best interests of the 
department. He shall receive for his serv- 
ices such remuneration as may be deter- 
mined upon from time to time by the an- 
nual conventions. 

Sec. 16. The vice-presidents shall ^assist 
the president in the performance of his 

See. 17. The Secretary-Treasurer shall 
keep a correct record of the proceedings of 
the conventions and meetings of the execu- 
tive council; he shall keep a list of all the 
officers of the affiliated organizations ; he 
shall furnish all affiliated organizations 
with a monthly statement of all business 
transacted, and shall conduct all official cor- 
respondence pertaining to the department; 
he shall have full charge of the financial af- 
fairs of the department, and shall keep an 
itemized account of all expenditures and be 
prepared to submit his books and other ac- 
counts to the auditing committee at the di- 
rection of the executive council; he shall 
receive such compensation as shall have been 
determined by the convention prior to his 
election; he shall not be allowed to leave 
headquarters on official business without the 
consent of the president; he shall furnish 
within four weeks after his election a bond, 
to be approved, and the amount fixed by the 
executive council, for the faithful perform- 
ance of his duties as secretary-treasurer of 
the department; the expenses of bond shall 
be borne by the organization. 

Sec. 18. Regular meetings of the execu- 
tive council shall be held semi-annually at 
such places as the board, in its judgment, 
may deem wise to select. Special meetings 
may be held in the interim, should occasion 
arise that may demand the instant as- 

Ofy? (&utpmt?v 

sembling of the Council, by a call of the 

Sec. 19. The revenue for the support of 
this department shall be derived from an 
initiation fee on the national or internation- 
al unions of one hundred ($100.00) dollars 
each; the sale of supplies, and by a per 
capita tax of one-quarter (%) of 1 per 
cent, per member per month upon members 
of all affiliated national and international 
organizations; sale of supplies to local and 
state councils, and charter fees which shall 
be $10.00. 

Sec. 20. The president shall receive as 
compensation a salary of $2,200 per year. 

Sec. 21. The secretary-treasurer shall re- 
ceive as compensation a salary of $2,000 
per year. 

See. 22. The executive council shall re- 
ceive for each meeting, and for all other 
work required of them, and done under 
orders of the president, as compensation, 
$5.00 per day. 

Sec. 23. The above officers shall receive 
transportation charges and be allowed $4.50 
per day for hotel and incidental expenses. 

Sec. 24. Each affiliated organization 
shall be required to submit a written state- 
ment covering the extent and character of 
its trade jurisdiction, and when allowed by 
the executive council and approved by the 
general convention, no encroachment by 
other trades will be countenanced or toler- 

See. 25. On receipt of a claim of juris- 
diction the secretary-treasurer shall send a 
copy of the same to affiliated organizations. 
Should a conflict in jurisdiction occur, the 
parties interested shall hold a joint con- 
ference within ninety days, and endeavor to 
adjust their differences, and if no adjust- 
ment has been reached within the prescribed 
time, the disputed points shall be referred 
to the next convention of this department 
for a decision, and their award shall be 
binding upon all affiliated organizations. 

Sec. 26. The following committees, con- 
sisting of five (5) members shall be ap- 
pointed by the president: 

1. Rules and Order of Business. 

2. Report of President. 

3. Report of Secretary-Treasurer. 

4. Report of the Executive Council. 

5. Resolutions. 

${)? (Harprntrr 

1*1. Laws. 

7. Oi I ion. 

8. Adjustment 

!•. Local and State Organizations. 

Sec 27. The president shall direct the 
chief executive officers of three national or 
international unions, at least, ten days 
previous to the holding of the annual con- 
vention, to appoint one delegate each from 
their respective delegations-elect, who shall 
compose the auditing committee. This com- 
mit lee shall meet at such place, and at such 
a time as the president of the department 
may determine is necessary for the proper 
performance of their duty; and they shall 
audit the accounts of this department for 
the preceding twelve mouths, and report 
upon credentials immediately upon the open- 
ing of the convention. The expenses of said 
committee shall be paid out of the funds of 
the department. 

Sec. 28. Kesolutions of any character, 
or propositions for changes in this consti- 
tution can not be introduced in the con- 
vention after the second day's session, ex- 
cept by unanimous consent. 

Sec. 29. The convention shall have power 
to order an executive session at any time. 

Sec. 30. None other than members of 
a bona fide trade union shall be permitted 
to address the convention or read papers 
therein, except by a two-thirds vote of the 

Sec. 31. The rules ami order of business 
governing the preceding convention shall be 
in force from the opening of any conven- 
tion of this department until new rules have 
been adopted. 

See. 32. A quorum for the transaction of 
business shall consist of not less than a 
majority of the delegates attending a con- 

Sec. 33. No grievance shall be consid- 
ered by any convention that has been de- 
cided by a previous convention, except upon 
the recommendation of the executive coun- 
cil, nor shall any grievance be considered 
where the parties thereto have not previous- 
ly held a conference and attempted to ad- 
just the same themselves. 

Rules of Order. 

1. Call to order. 

2. Presenting credentials. 

3. Eeport of Committee on Credentials. 

i. Roll ':ili oi' delegates. 

."">. Heading of minutes. 

6. Appointment id' standing commit- 


7. Reports "I' i Ifficers. 

8. Keports of standing and Bpecial com 

nut tees, 
'.i. Unfinished business. 
In. New business. 

M. Election and Installation of Officers. 
12. Adjournment. 

Sec. 3-1. Where I here exists three (3) or 
more local unions or affiliated trades in any 
locality, they shall, when called upon by the 
department, be instructed by their re- 
spective national or international organiza- 
tions to form a local building trades coun 
oil or join existing chartered councils of 
this department, and the locals thereof, 
when chartered, must be governed in accord- 
ance with the laws of this department, and 
for affiliation in local councils Local Unions 
are requested to affiliate with central labor 
unions chartered by the American Federa- 
tion of Labor where such central bodies 

Sec. 35. Each organization affiliated 
with a local council shall be held responsi- 
ble for the acts of its members, and any 
local or organization which fails or refuses 
to discipline its members for violations of 
the working rules of the council shall be 
dealt with in accordance with the laws, and 
the secretary of the local council shall re- 
port the matter to the secretary-treasurer of 
this department, who shall notify the na- 
tional or international organization to 
discipline their rebellious locals. Should the 
national or international refuse or neglect 
to do so within sixty days, the secretary- 
treasurer shall request the local council and 
the offending local organization for the evi- 
dence in the case, which will be laid before 
the executive council at its next regular or 
special meeting, who shall take such action 
as, in their judgment, the evidence in the 
ease warrants; which action shall remain 
in full force until the next convention : 
Provided, however, no local organization 
shall be required to violate any written 
agreement now in force with its employers, 
but when said agreements terminate new 
ones shall not be entered into containing a 


clause which will prevent any local organi- 
zation from obeying the laws of this depart- 

Sec. 36. All local councils shall adopt a 
quarterly working card of uniform charac- 
ter, which shall be carried by all affiliated 
members, and to be paid for as the by- 
laws of the council may determine; and no 
other card shall be recognized by the affili- 
ated trades on any job or building where 
they are employed. 

Sec. 37. Where district councils or cen- 
tral bodies in any organizations exist, the 
representation to the local council shall come 
through that district council or central body, 
as the case may be; and all business be- 
tween the council and their affiliated or- 
ganization shall be done through the district 
councils of the different organizations, 
where such exist. 

Sec. 38. Each local council shall estab- 
lish an executive board composed of the 
president and secretary and one delegate 
from each affiliated organization. 

Sec. 39. The duties of local executive 
boards shall be to attend to any business 
assigned to them by the local councils in 
accordance with the laws of this depart- 

Sec. 40. The officers of the local coun- 
cils shall consist of president, vice-presi- 
dent, secretaries, treasurer, sergeant-at- 
arms, and board of trustees. It shall be 
optional with the local council, if they de- 
sire, to consolidate the offices of secretaries 
and treasurer. 

Sec. 41. The president shall preside at 
the meetings, preserve order, enforce the 
constitution and by-laws, and see that the 
other officers perform their duties in ac- 
cordance with the laws of this department 
and its local council. 

Sec. 42. The vice-president shall, in the 
absence of the president, perform all duties 
appertaining to the office of president. 

Sec. 43. The recording and correspond- 
ing secretary shall keep a record of the pro- 
ceedings of the council, and attest all orders 
signed by the president. He shall be eus- 
torlian of the archives and seal of the coun- 
cil. He shall furnish each affiliated union 
with a copy of the proceedings of the coun- 
cil, and he shall perform such other duties 
as are elsewhere indicated in this eonstitu- 

Sty? GLuvpmtet 

tion and assigned him by the council. He 
shall receive such salary as the council, by 
motion or resolution, may determine. 

Sec. 44. The financial secretary shall re- 
ceive all dues and moneys to be paid to the 
council and pay the same over to the treas- 
urer, taking his receipt therefor. He shall 
keep an accurate account of all moneys re- 
ceived and expended. He shall issue all 
orders for the payment of bills ordered by 
the council, the same to be attested by the 
signatures of the president and the record- 
ing and corresponding secretary. He shall 
make quarterly financial reports to the 
council. He shall notify all unions in ar- 
rears, and he shall receive such salary as 
the council on motion or resolution, may 

Sec. 45. The treasurer shall receive from 
and receipt for all moneys paid to him by 
the financial secretary, and disburse the 
same upon the order of the council. He 
shall keep an account of all money received 
and expended and produce his books for 
inspection whenever called upon by the 
board of trustees. He shall not retain more 
than one hundred dollars ($100.00) in his 
possession at any one time, and shall de- 
posit all moneys or funds in such bank as 
the council may designate. He shall fur- 
nish such bonds as the council may require 
and receive such salary as the council, by 
motion or resolution may determine. 

See. 46. The sergeant-at-arms shall main- 
tain order and perform such other duties as 
the local council may direct. 

Sec. 47. The secretary-treasurer may at 
any time, either in person, or by deputy, 
examine and take possession of the books of 
a local council, and in case of the dissolu- 
tion- of a local council, all moneys and other 
properties in possession of the local council 
shall immediately be forwarded to the gen- 
eral office in such a manner as the secretary- 
treasurer shall direct. 

Sec. 48. No local council can be dis- 
banded so long as two organizations will 
continue their affiliation. 

Sec. 49. No member shall be eligible to 
hold any office in any local council unless 
his organization shall have paid all its in- 
debtedness to the local council up to the 
first day of the current quarter. 

Sec. 50. No local council shall reject an 
application for membership by a Local 

aJljp (Earpnttrr 

Union, chartered by a national "i intcrnn 
tional organization affiliated with tin- do 
partment. The eligibility of all delegate 

whose credentials have I n presented to 

the local councils shall be determined by the 

local council in i ordance with its hi«s. 

This department grants full autonomy to 
;ill local councils in the government of then 
Ideal affairs in conformity with the laws of 
this department. 

Sec. 51. All demands for increased mj' 1 
or reduction of hours must be submitted to 
the local council and receive its approval, 
and under no consideration shall a local 
union or unions of any organization affili- 
ated with this department be allowed to 
inaugurate strikes without the local coun- 
cil's consent. 

Laws for State Bodies. 
See. 52. Three local councils or more in 
any state or province may form state build- 
ing trades councils in the United Slates or 
Canada with power to make their own laws 
in conformity with the laws of this depart- 

Amendments to constitution can be made 
only by a majority vote during the annual 

Localities to be Avoided. 
Carpenters are requested to stay away 
from the following places; owing to trade 
movements, building depression and other 
causes, trade is dull: 

Ainarillo. Tex. 
Ashland. Ky. 
Atlantic City. X. .T. 
Austin. Tex. 
Baltimore. Md. 
Belleville. 111. 
Buffalo. X. Y. 
Bridgeport; Conn. 
Chicago. 111. 
Cleveland. O. 
Detroit. Mich. 
Dulutb. Minn. 
Edwardsville. III. 
Gary. Ind. 
Hartford, Conn. 
Helena. Mont. 
Hendersonville. X. C. 
Johnson City. Tenn. 
Kansas City, Mo. 
Lawton, Okla. 
Los Angeles. Cal. 

Memphis. Tenn. 
Mt. Vernon, X. Y. 
Mount Kisko, X. Y. 
Miami. Fla. 
Milwaukee. Wis. 
Nashville. Tenn. 
Xew Orleans. La. 
New Rochelle, X. Y. 
Xew York City, 
i iwensboro, Ky. 
1'hiladelphia. I'a. 
Pittsburg, ra. 
Pueblo. Colo. 
Rockford. III. 
Salineville, o. 
Sayi-p. Pa. 
Seattle. Wash. 
San Francisco. Cai. 
Tacoma. Wash. 
Watertown, Wis. 
Wheeling. W. Va. 

I.. It. Atkins has been expelled from I.. 
I . 1705, Nowata, Okla., for ombozzlomenl 

of t Is 1 elonging t" t be I al I Fnion. 

•!• -I- •!• 

Henry Kline, a member of I,, r. 335, 
tir. md Rapids, Mich., has been oxpelled 
by the Local Union lor stealing tools from 
I rot her- members. 

.;* .;. .;. 

Chas, Qiltncr and Robert Trol gfa have 

been expelled by L. I'. 156, Staunton, III.. 

for defrauding and stealing tools iv 

brot lor meml era. ' 

Local Unions Chartered Last Month. 

Alloy. .. Porto Hie 

Brockport, X. Y. 
Centralis, Wash 
Greensboro, Fla. 
Jacksonville, Tex. 
Laurel, Miss. 
Miles City, Mont. 

Montgomery, Ala. 
Xew Haven, Conn. 
Ocaln, i-'la. 
Salllsaw, Okla. 
Stanton, Tex. 
Tucumcary, N. M. 

Wausau. Wis. 


Local Unions. 

A Useful Tree. 

Tin- ''bread fruit tree'' of tropical coun- 
tries is not alone a producer of bread. From 
it cement, cloth, tinder and lumber are ob- 
tained. Cement is made from the milky 
juice that oozes from the trunk of the tree, 

the result being obtai I by boiling it in 

COCOanut oil. From the fibrous inner bark 
a scarce but serviceable bark is manufac- 
tured, and the big leaves may be used for 
towels and similar ''wipes.'' A good lum- 
ber is manufactured from the log of the 
tree, and is extensively used in building. 
The dried blossoms of the tree — the in- 
cipient bread — are used as tinder to facili- 
tate the kindling of fires. — Woodworkers' 

Youngstown. O. 

Lubricator for Oil Stones. 
In our experience nothing is superior to 
fine sperm or neats foot oil for tools requir- 
ing a keen edge. Glycerine, either pure or 
mixed with a little alcohol, has also been 
highly recommended. The proportion of 
alcohol should be lessened as the surface 
which is brought in contact with the stone 
is enlarged. One part of alcohol to three 
of glycerine answers well for razors and 
fine knives; for very small surfaces the 
glycerine should be nearly pure. — Wood- 
workers ' Beview. 



Wm. B. MacFarlane. 

In compliance with the instructions of 
General President Huber, I went to Niagara 
Falls, N. Y., the latter part of December, 
1907, to inquire into the conditions of the 
Eichardson & Burgess job (postoffice). I 
reported to the G. P. the number of men of 
different trades working on said job. The 
first week in January, 1908, I was instructed 
to call our members off of this job, as the 
firm of Eichardson & Burgess, of Washing- 
ton, D. C, and Boston, Mass., had sought 
an injunction against the building trades of 
Washington, D. C. The carpenters came off 
the job when requested to do so. 

I then went to Pittsburg, Pa., and audited 
the books of L. U. 165, there being some 
difference as to the amount of per capita tax 
due the General Office. I believe the audit 
was satisfactory to the L. TJ. and G. S. 

I then left for Youngstown, Ohio, and 
spent some time in that district, encouraging 
and advising our members. From Youngs- 
town I went to Warsaw, N. Y., and en- 
deavored to organize a L. U. in that town. 
We got a sufficient number of carpenters to 
signify their willingness to form a L. XJ. 
Carpenter work being at a standstill, it was 
deemed advisable to allow the matter to 
remain in abeyance for a couple of months. 

From Warsaw, N. Y., I went to Jackson, 
Mich., and with Business Agent George J. 
Johnston, we canvassed the various mills and 
succeeded in getting the applications of all 
the men in one mill and about half in an- 
other. The carpenters have the situation 
well in hand and are lending their efforts to- 
ward organizing the mills, and I firmly be- 
lieve they will be successful, although I find 
about the same conditions existing here as " 
in many other cities. The mill hands are 
loath to do anything for themselves. If they 
had the same get-up-and-go-ahead that the 
carpenters have, they need not be working 
the long hours for the low wages that they 
are. It is a mistake on the millmen 's part to 
expect the carpenters to strike against the 

use of unfair material, while they remain 
at work in the shop. That it is essential 
that the mills be organized, the hours re- 
duced and the wages increased, there can be 
no doubt. I addressed a public meeting held 
under the auspices of the Jackson Trades 
Council. I spoke on government by injunc- 
tion, and the Eev. Shaw Barrow, on child 
labor. The meeting was well attended and 
was favorably commented upon by the pub- 
lic press the following day. 

On my way East I stopped off at Detroit, 
Mich., and Windsor, Ont. I found trade 
very slow. It would be well for the journey- 
men of Detroit to quit chasing rainbows and 
navigating boats, and confine themselves to 
strictly trades lines and, until they do, the 
building trade will never be pulled out of 
the open rut that they have allowed them- 
selves to get into. 

Upon my return East, I again went to 
Youngstown, Ohio, and in going over the 
roll of membership, I was agreeably sur- 
prised to find that L. U. 171 had kept their 
membership almost intact through the win- 
ter. It shows plainly that men are begin- 
ning to realize the necessity of maintaining 
their trade union. The injunction that was 
granted by Judge Eodgers, upon the appli- 
cation of the Kahn Construction Co., of De- 
troit, Mich., against L. U. 171, was set for 
trial March 5, 1908, in the circuit court. 
Prior to the case being called, plaintiff's at- 
torney offered to have injunction dismissed, 
bondsmen released and costs paid, the L. 
V. paying $20.00 for the transcript. This 
proposition was accepted. 

Through the efforts of L. U. 171, they 
succeeded in having the contract for the new 
$800,000 court house let to a fair contractor, 
although a number of unfair contractors 
made a strong pull for it. I would advise 
all carpenters to stay away from Youngs- 
town, Ohio, this season. There are plenty of 
resident carpenters to do all the work that 
is to be done this season. Some of the 
large contractors and material men are still 

©Iff (Uarimttrr 

ting tor the scab Bhop. We ex] t, 

within the next fev weeiflj i" have an in- 
dependent Ht r.-i i u ii t st,„-ii lumber yard «^si:ii . 
lished, where our members and fair con- 
tractors will bo able to purchase material 

without being hampered by the material 
men's association. 1 advised our members 
to stop catering to the men that were 
lighting them. 

I attended a meeting of our Local in 
Sharon, Pa., and addressed the meeting Eoi 
about thirty minutes. The Mahoning Valley 
1). C. has decided to meet in Youngstnuii 
hereafter. 1 am at present emleavoring to 
get the balance of the mill men in line in 
.laekson. When through in this city, I will 
gO to Jamestown, X. V., and then to the 

Mahoning Valley District, 

»•. .;♦ .{. 

N. Aicand. 

Since my last report in The Carpenter, 
1 have visited nearly all the Locals of my 
district. This last winter has been a dull 
one for our craft, as well as for all other 
trades and callings. In many places the 
wages have been reduced, and I had a hard 
time in keeping our men in good standing. 
This is due to a general want of work and 
to the irrational recruitment of immigrants 
made by the government and the manu- 
facturers' agents. The Canadian govern- 
ment has lately decided to pay $10.00 in- 
stead of $5.00, as formerly paid, for each 
immigrant that comes to Canada, and this, 
after the labor unions had besought him to 
take off that bonus. I hope that this will 
shake off the apathy of the non-unionists 
for the organization; I have met with many 
of these and they seem today to understand 
the necessity of joining with us and fight 
that disastrous policy. 

Here ure the names of the places and 
Locals that I have visited and where I have 
addressed meetings and done organization 
work : Quebec, L. U. 730 ; Valleyfield, L. U. 
1736; Shawinigan Falls, L. U. 1775; Sher- 
brooke, L. IT. 1686; Sorel, L. IT. 761; 
Magog, L. U. 332; Ottawa, L. U. 93. 

I have also visited Granby, with a hope of 
founding a new union there. I have not, 
as yet, succeeded, but I believe the work I 
have done is not lost, and will bear fruit in 
the near future. 

I have addressed the different L. IT. 's of 

Montreal, and attended n concert given by 
L. r. 1 1 u 7 , which met with a good success. 

I '•■ I'll.' the linaiieial troubles and the gen 
eral dullness ,,!' trade, I .'iln pleased I,, BtatO 
that the great majority of the L. t'.'s of 

my district are numerically and financially 
in better position than ever before. 

V V •<• 

W. J. Shields. 

My last report terminated with reference 
to a work entered into by the Boston and 
vicinity District Council, pertaining to the 
organizing of the ship carpenters of this 
water front. The General President having 

I n appealed to, delegated me to assist in 

the pursuance of this work. Accompanied 
by B. A. Cameron, we took up the work, 
and I am more than pleased to be able to 
report success. We were favored by getting 
before an independent union, known as the 
"Old Workers," and in this membership 
are to be found the best conditioned men in 
the ship and boat-building plants of this 
city. This association numbered between 
125 and 150, and are accredited as being 
the pioneers in establishing the eight-hour 
movement in this country. The membership 
of this old union and their descendants have 
enjoyed this blessing for more than 44 years. 
It required two or three meetings before we 
were able to get this old, conservative body 
of men to throw over their independent atti- 
tude and become part of the TJ. B., but they 
finally yielded, and are now entered upon 
our list of unions. 

Another branch that became interested in 
this agitation was the boat-builders, a union 
of about forty members, chartered under the 
International S. C. J. and C. of A. The 
interest displayed by our D. C. in attempt- 
ing to bring all wood-workers into the IT. 
B., attracted their attention and led them to 
call a special meeting, to which they invited 
International President Kirk and another of 
their representatives. We were there in the 
person of Business Agent Cameron and 
myself, to demonstrate the necessity of the 
work as outlined by our Council. The dis- 
cussion was harmonious and friendly, my 
position being the need of shutting off ruin- 
ous competition and stimulating conditions 
for the carpenters employed at this specialty. 
At a later meeting the boat-builders took 
up the question of affiliation and, on March 


11, I received a letter worded to the fol- 
lowing effect: 

"It affords me a whole lot of pleasure to 
be able to inform you that, at our meeting 
held Monday eve last, Boat-builders' .Local 
88 voted to surrender their charter and con- 
nect themselves with the newly formed U. 
B. Ship Carpenters' Union. Signed, 


The amalgamation of these two member- 
ships into a IT. B. union and the nucleus of 
men who work in the yards holding a IT. B. 
connection with the outside unions, put us in 
a position of very near controlling the sit- 
uation. With this force we should be able 
to reach the non-union element and induce 
them to join with us. 

I have attended numerous meetings held 
throughout the district with the view of 
strengthening the membership and urging 
upon them the necessity of guarding zeal- 
ously the trade conditions. These meetings 
have had a good effect, as they have not 
only appealed to the mind force on the lines 
mentioned, but consideration was given to 
the question of shutting off the possibility 
of shrinkage in membership, and to this 
consideration and care is traceable the good 
showing these unions are making after this 
season of depression. 

Our Taunton membership appealed to 
General Office for assistance in an effort to 
better organize the craft of that city. The 
General Bresident instructed me to take up 
this matter, and I, accordingly, entered into 
conference with them. In short order they 
put me in touch with the troublesome mat- 
ters, which consisted principally of the men 
having all been in the union but, through 
trivial differences, fully 50 per cent, of 
them had allowed their interest to wane and 
to finally drop out. This condition was 
naturally jeopardizing the trade position. 
The union appointed Brother Bochette to 
accompany me in a canvass of the situation. 
We succeeded in getting a start that was 
satisfying, appreciating the limit of time, 
the season we were going through, and the 
natural prejudice of those we were attempt- 
ing to reach. We secured the applications 
of one of the principal gangs, ten in num- 
ber, and the securing of these will, if the 
work is persisted in, make our work easier 
in getting the remainder. The boys in 
Taunton have their program arranged, and 

the carrying of it through will, in my judg- 
ment, land them in the position aspired for. 

♦ ♦ •$♦ 

Carl Young. 

Since my last report for publication in 
The Carpenter, I have visited a number of 
our locals, finding conditions very discour- 
aging. The majority of our members are 
out of work, with not much prospect of 
securing employment until warm weather 
sets in. In some localities there will not 
be very much of a show even then. In 
Grand Bapids, fully 80 per cent, of our 
members have been idle since November 1, 
and it has been a hard winter for many of 
them. The plumbers were locked out in that 
city for three months, the bosses thinking 
they could starve them into submission. 
But the strikers have organized a co-opera- 
tive shop and intend to do the plumbing 
business of that city, and I earnestly hope 
they will succeed. I think this is a good 
method of fighting employers who lock out 
their men on any old pretext. 

I also visited DeKalb and Sycamore, 111., 
and held good meetings with both Locals. 
There 'was some trouble at DeKalb with the 
Lathers' Union, on account of our members 
doing lathing. This matter was settled to 
the satisfaction of the Lathers' Union, and 
our members were instructed to keep within 
their jurisdiction. I am satisfied nothing of 
this kind will occur in the future. A move- 
ment is on foot in DeKalb for an increase 
in wages of five cents per hour on the nine 
hour basis. I think they could have easily 
secured an eight-hour day -with 40 cents 
minimum wage scale, and I so advised them, 
for I want to see the eight-hour day estab- 
lished universally, and the sooner the better. 
While in Sycamore, it was my intention to 
visit Genoa and organize the carpenters 
there but, owing to the fact that the town 
was quarantined on account of the small- 
pox, it was necessary to postpone this action 
until some future date. 

By instruction of the G. B., I visited 
Local 824, at Muskegon, Mich. On arriv- 
ing there, I found the books in a deplorable 
condition, the worst I ever saw; the money 
gone, and some of the ex-officers had been 
arrested for embezzlement of the funds. I 
immediately began an investigation of the 
books, and found that the only thing I 

aUjr (£arii?nt?r 

could 'I" waa to call in all of tin- uiombors' 

duo books anil outer tlio 1111 ts therein 

accrodited to them on the ledger, I found 

members win. had neyer I n accounted 

ror on the ledger, and membership not re- 
ported since June, Ii»n7. These matters I 
attended to, and smi report to the <i. S. 
as nearly accurate as it was possible. One 
of the parties who was arrested settled the 
shortage found : i l; ; < i n .^ i him, and the case 
w;is dismissed, The case against the chief 
culprit was also dismissed, owing to the fact 

that he was sn ill enough t<> rover up his 

tracks. At the present time, the Local is in 
the hands of officers who have the interest 

of the Brotherh I at heart, and many 

changes for the better arc being inaugu- 
rated; cMc of the best of them is a set of 
local rules, which will materially assist them 
in handling the situation. The present 
officers arc splendid men, and with the right 
kind of support from the membership, 

Local 824 will I ne of our very best. 

They have learned a lesson, have been tried 
by lire, and I feel confident that they will 
not get burned again; at least, not in the 
near future. 

At present I am with Local li'i;.""., of Men 
month. III., where I found the most peculiar 
situation I ever discovered. Tito Local is 
composed of good and true men, who have 
used their very best endeavors to perfect 
the organization, and they have given me 
their loyal support. We have worked hard 
to increase the membership, but it seems to 
be impossible to do so.- The non-union men 
admit that the Local is to be credited for 
the conditions, as well as for any improve- 
ment they enjoy. They admit that the union 
is a good thing for the carpenters, and still 
they withhold their membership. T cannot 
understand why some men will always stand 
in their own light, and refuse to do those 
things that make for the good, not only 
good for themselves, but for their brother 
workman as well. I am fully satisfied that 
if these men would come into the union, and 
give it their support and co-operation, 
it would be a very easy matter to secure the 
eight-hour day and 40 cents minimum scale. 
T do not blame the contractors for this 
state of affairs. The entire responsibility 
rests with the men, who are willing to ac- 
cept good conditions, provided it don 't cost 
them anything to get them. The best bar- 

mi unj journeyman carpenter can Bocurc 
today, tor the money, is membership in 

the r. I'.. The members of the Mi ujuth 

Local are as earnest oa anj we have in the 
Brotherhood, and I only have words of 

praise tor the DOble Btand they have taken, 

and urge them to stand by their colors unt il 
victory comes to them. The "panic'' has 
hit our members pretty hard, just as ii was 
intended to do, ami I would urn ■ men 

to stand more lirinly by the principles of the 

organization. Politicians and demagogues 

mI every kind aiel character are patting 

the union men on the back and telling them 

hoVi they love the union, while conrls arc 
issuing injunctions that are neither law, 
-.use. nor justice. Stand for the principles 
of our Organization, and work and vote only 
for such i ii< ■ 11 as will give yon an equal 

chance in the industrial world, bo matter 
where thev may be found. 

George G. Griffin. 

Tl ities and states recently visited by 

me are: Klizalicth City, Raleigh and vicin- 
ity, Charlotte, X. ('., Lynchburg, Tide 
Water and Norfolk, Va., and vicinity. I 
also took part in the advocacy of the eight- 
hour bill in the state of Maryland. 

During this period, 1 was instructed to 

I ii- 'I'd to Wilmington, Del., and in the 

meantime res] led to an invitation from 

President Gompers, of the A. F. of L., to 
participate in a special conference called by 
him and held March IS. in Washington, p. 
C, my presence at this conference meeting 
with the approval of G. P. Huber. The 
latter also instructed me to attend the meel 
ing of the New York Building Trades De- 
partment of the A. T\ of L., in order to 
obtain the information that would help me 
in establishing similar departments in the 
districts allotted to me. 

Reviewing the details and the character 
of special work done on behalf and by re- 
quest of Local Unions, T wish to say, that 
in many instances I find the opinion of the 
members greatly at variance as to its effi- 
cacy, and I believe this work costs the organ- 
ization an unnecessary amount of money, 
while it means to the organizer the perform- 
ance of a more unpleasant duty than if he 
was ordered to adjust any difference be- 
tween men and employer. Our members in 


the South are now accepting new ideas with 
a more reserved opinion, and exercising 
their thoughts to make the trade movement 
a factor by their own efforts and by helping 
themselves. This is a promise, and I am 
sure they mean it. 

Much credit is due to the carpenters of 
Maryland for the success of the movement 
for the amending and re-enactment of an 
eight-hour bill that will not be open to 

As per instructions of the G. P., I am 
again covering several southern cities. Here, 
as elsewhere, the great business depression 
has caused much suffering this winter 
among the rank and file of organized labor. 
Now, as a crisis has apparently been 
reached, it is to be hoped that, with the 
advent of spring, better opportunities will 
open up for the worker. 

Much good may be expected from the 
newly formed Building Trades Department 
under the auspices of the A. F. of L. ; 
with its assistance, success is assured the 
building trades. 

How Mirrors are Made. 

One of the factories in Chicago employs 
many men, boys and girls on this work, and 
its spacious four floors present an interest- 
ing series of sights to visitors whose nerves 
are steel and tympani proof against split- 
ting. On the first floor he will see huge 
stacks and piles of glass in assorted sizes. 
These are all polished, some being run over 
by huge felt-covered wheels kept powdered 
with rouge, and the larger sheets scrubbed 
by sweating toilers with hand blocks cov- 
ered with felt, like a printer 's proof planer 
in rouge. After the glass is thoroughly 
polished it is taken up to the next floor, 
where it is laid on tables and cut into the 
sizes ordered. It then passes into the hands 
of the bevellers, who with sand and water 
and large grindstones, artistically finish the 
edges of the glass. It takes a trip upward 
again, to another floor, and is once more 
put through a polishing process, to remove 
any scratches or blemishes that may be on 
the glass. After every spot or scratch, no 
matter how minute, has been removed, cai-e- 
ful hands convey the now beautiful and 
sparkling glass to the room where it goes 
through the final process — the silvering. 

Huge tables of cast iron or stone, made like 
billiard tables, with raised edges, are used 
in the silvering room. These tables are of 
great strength and solidity, and all around 
the edge is a drain, for the superfluous 
mercury is poured over the tables in quanti- 
ties sufficient to float the glass, which, after 
being tinfoiled, is gently and carefully 
pushed across the table containing the mer- 
cury. Great care must be used to prevent 
blemishes, the least speck of dust being 
ruinous to the mirror. Mercury, like molten 
lead, is always covered with a dirty-looking 
scum which cannot be removed by skimming. 
The least bit of this scum would spoil the 
mirror, so the difficulty is obviated by shov- 
ing the scum along the edge of the glass. 
After successfully floating the glass on the 
mercury, a woolen cloth is spread over the 
whole surface and square iron weights are 
applied until the whole presents a compact 
mass of iron, two or three pounds to the 
sqviare inch. After this pressure has been 
confined ten or twelve hours, the weights are 
removed and the glass placed upon another 
table of wood with slightly inclined top. 
The inclination is gradually increased until 
the unamalgamated quicksilver has drained 
away and only the perfectly amalgamated 
remains, coating the glass and perfectly ad- 
herent. — The National Builder. 

Unrest Versus Content. 

System puts a truth that every man 
should grasp in this fashion: There is a 
microbe of unrest. It blurs many a clear 
vision. It unbalances many a sound judg- 
ment. It sours a healthy ambition. It 
ferments it into a mad passion for quick 
riches. It urges us on to undertake things, 
over night, that need years of mature effort 
to accomplish. It makes us unfit to do our 
daily work. Acquire patience, a willingness 
to wait. Seek content — content that smoth- 
ers unrest and enables, us to do our present 
task with a true eye, a clear mind, a keen 

It is the privilege of fishes, as it is of rats 
and wolves, to live by the law of supply 
and demand, but the distinction of humanity 
to live by the laws of right. — Euskin. 

The Situation in Seattle, Wash 
Kilitnr The Carpenter: 

The fight is now on here in earnest and 
we are np against ii and getting the worst 
"(' it for various reasons. A few of these 
1 will mention. A great influx of men, both 
competent and incompetent, principally 
bom the East, who, finding conditions here 
different than they imagined, have liecomo 
stranded. They have been induced to come 
here by misleading advertisements only to 
find ' ' nothing doing. ' ' Why will men never 
learn? Those of us here have no occasion 
to lie to our brothers in the East, yet, they 
must think we do, for despite of our warn- 
ings, they are coming here in large numbers, 
and when they land on our relief commit- 
tee 's hands they have only a tale of woe 
and duplicity to relate and regret their 

Another reason is, a heavy assessment on 
our working members (one dollar a day), 
and a heavy drain on our sick fund, running 
from $150 to $200 a week at present. Our 
treasury is about depleted; our men are as 
nervous as cattle before a storm, and are 
hard to hold; in fact, quite a few have 
"cold feet." 

Further, a determined effort on the part 
of our enemies to disrupt our organiza- 
tion at any cost, and by any means, such 
as the importation of non-union men to 
flood the town with cheap and unreliable 

Real estate sharks, loan brokers and all 
that class of buzzards are at work to in- 
duce people to come here so they may skin 
them of their money. Then, the scarcity of 
work; no contracts of any consequence being 
awarded, as yet. The work at the fair- 
grounds is of a delusive character, and un- 
less the United States government makes 
an appropriation, it will undoubtedly be 
postponed for at least one year. There are 
not two hundred men at work on the fair- 
grounds, when there should be two thou- 
sand. This goes to show that all caleula- 

ti"iis on employment in thai quarter are 
problematic and onrelia ble. 
Then, there is a yellow streak developing 

in our Building Trades Assembly and an 

undeniable impoti'i in dealing with the 

situation by that body. And then, above 
all, we have a great number of hungry men 
to look after. 

It is not men's honor or principle we bave 
to contend with, or the lack of these two 
qualities, but it is empty stomachs and the 
dire necessity of their families, brought 
about by no fault of their own, and no 
liking for the predicament in which they 
find themselves. 

We have here men as you find them else 
where; unscrupulous, selfish, grasping, 
scheming and unfeeling, who, for personal 
gain, care not what means they employ, 
legal or illegal, nor who suffers, so that they 
may profit. And so alluring advertisements 
are placed in eastern papers, and such a 
bright picture painted of the coast country 
that men are induced I" come to Seattle un- 
der the promise of better wages. When 
they arrive here they find they have been 
lied to, stung and buncoed by the piratea 
hired by Van Cleave, etc., and paid out of 
that war fund. This is the truth, pure and 
simple, and let me say to the brothers, if 
you come this way, bring along money 
enough to last you and yours for a length 
of time, as we have none. And those of 
you that have no money hut expect to make 
it out here, had better not come, as only dis- 
appointment awaits you here. Stay away 
from the coast country. 

It is with sincere regret that we give 
this illustration of conditions existing here, 
but it is best to state them as we find and 
know them to be, than to show them off or 
misrepresent them, or give way to fatuous 
illusions and hopes that are vain and in- 
, definite. 

We are not asleep here, however; we are 
doing all we can to keep our union intact 
and to create a healthy public opinion in 


our favor; to meet conditions fairly, to com- 
bat the general ignorance among a certain 
class of the public as to union ideas and 
principles, to provide work for our mem- 
bers and render them assistance, to conduct 
ourselves as respectable citizens of this 
country and to uphold the honor and dignity 
of our United Brotherhood. And as to the 
scabs, rest assured that we will devise some 
means to keep them busy this year. Now 
brothers, take heed of our warning and 
keep away from Seattle for the present. 
Fraternally yours, 


B. A., L. TJ. 131. 
Seattle, Wash. 

Justice to Our Officers. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

During the past few months the officers 
of several unions of different trades in the 
state of Illinois came together to discuss 
various matters relative to the labor move- 
ment. One of the questions considered at 
these meetings was that of higher dues, and 
while all agreed that low dues was a great 
impediment to the progress of our movement 
and a hindrance to organization, it was the 
consensus of opinion that the paying of 
higher salaries to our officers was equally of 
vital importance, and that in justice to the 
men at the head of the various local or na- 
tional bodies, the interest of the rank and 
file should be aroused to the importance of 
this matter. It was pointed out that the 
paying of low salaries to officers, especially 
to national officers, had a demoralizing 
effect upon the members of those organiza- 
tions who are more liberal in this respect. 
That we should not allow our national 
officers to make any further donations, either 
in time or salary. 

Trade organization, to a great extent, 
is a business proposition, and as regards 
the compensation due our officers, we 
should adhere to business principles. The 
paying of low salaries to our officers is false 
economy; we should pay them a salary more 
commensurate with the amount of work 
they have to perform, the amount of busi- 
ness they have to transact, and more in keep- 
ing with the mental and physical sacrifice 
required from them in the management of 
the affairs of the organization. Such a 
course would be more in accordance with 

©ft? (Enxpmttt 

union principles, and if we pay our officers 
the salary which, in justice they are entitled 
to, we will have have better returns, and 
the rank and file will also benefit by it. 
Fraternally yours, 


American Federation of Labor. 

Washington, D. C, March 9, 1908. 
To the General Secretary United Brother- 
hood of Carpenters and Joiners of 

America : 

Dear Sir and Brother — The Norfolk con- 
vention of the American Federation of La- 
bor adopted the following: 

"Besolved, That the president of the A. 
F. of L. be authorized to call a conference 
of five members, consisting of one person 
from each of five label organizations to 
meet in Washington, D. C, as soon as prac- 
ticable in conjunction with the president, 
to devise ways and means to best promote 
the advancement of the use of and demand 
for union label products, and the publish- 
ing of a label law digest." 

In conformity with the above, the con- 
ference was held in this city on February 12, 
the International Typographical Union, the 
Boot and Shoe Workers' International 
Union, the Cigarniakers ' Internationa] 
Union, the United Hatters of North Amer- 
ica, and the United Garment Workers of 
America being represented; the undersigned' 
representing the American Federation of 

This conference authorized the under- 
signed to communicate with the interna- 
tional unions, state federations of labor, the 
city central bodies, the labor press, and 
organizers urging that in view of the recent 
court decisions, that a special and continued 
effort be made to create a greater demand 
for union labor and union label products; 
that the officers of the international unions 
shall transmit copy of this circular letter to 
their respective local unions; that the city 
central bodies be urged to inaugurate a sys- 
tem of public lectures and entertainments 
with stereoptieon views, for the purpose of 
creating a greater demand for union labor 
and union label products, and that the organ- 
izers shall be specially active in this line of 

It is earnestly hoped that the above mat- 
ter will be given your prompt and continued 

(Ulir (Earjirntrr 

nttcntioD and thai all organized labor will 
heartily unite in this effort to create u 
greater demand for union labor and union 
lid el products. 

Asking j "ii to keep me advised as i" 
what is done along these lines, and with 
every wish for success, I am, 
Fraternally yours, 

SAMUEL GOMPEBS. Pres. A. I', of L. 

An Attempt to Create Press Censorship. 
Editor The Carpenter: 

The subjoined resolution I introduced in 
the Detroit, Mich., Federation of Labor. Ii 
passed unanimously and enthusiastically. 
It explains its intent and purpose, 
rf tins amendment becomes law The Car 
penter can be suppressed as well us any 
other labor publication. Please publish the 
resolution in an early issue of the journal 

and oblige. Yours fraternally, 

.1. M. M 'GREGOE, R. s.. 
Wayne I'ounty Carpenters' I>. c. 

Whereas, Senator Beise Penrose, chair- 
man of the senate committee on post offices 
and post roads, has introduced a bill in the 
U. S. Senate known as Bill No. 1518, and 

Whereas, Bill No. 1518 is an amendment 

tn Seetion :!S(i:i of the revised statutes, and 

Whereas, The amendment creates a press 
censorship in the hands of the postmaster- 
general, and 

Whereas. The section of the revised 
statutes relates to obscene books, pamphlets, 
papers or other matter. The amendment, 
however, adds, "and when any issue of any 
periodical has been declared nonmailable 
by the postoffiee department the periodical 
may he excluded from second-class mail 
privilege at the discretion of the postmaster- 
general, and 

Whereas, The amendment covers all pub- 
lications whether they are or are not obscene 
or indecent if they are objectionable to the 
postoffiee department that is sufficient. It 
therefore places in the hands of the post- 
master-general absolute press censorship. 
It gives the postmaster-general arbitrary 
power over the public press of the United 
states; therefore, be it 

Eesolved. That the Detroit Federation 
of Labor declares said amendment an in- 
vasion of the people's rights; a violation 
of the first amendment of the constitution 

of the United states which provides that 
"Congress shall make no la« respecting an 
establishment of religion or prohibiting the 

fr xorcise thereof, or abridging the (roe 

dom of Bpeech or the press, or the right of 

the people peaceably to assemble and to 

petition the government for a redress of 
grievances." Therefore, we further dc 
elate, the Penrose bill a flagrant violation 

of both the letter and spirit of the lirsl 

amendment to the fundamental law of this 
nation; .and. be it further 

Resolved, That we believe, every member 

of the senate iniiltee who ree.uninends 

this bill, know of its unconstitutionality 
and are consequently guilty of an attempt 

to invade the people's rights while posing 
:is their defenders; then fore, be it further 

Resolved, That we declare such law k 

ers a menace to a people's government and 
therefore deserving of public condemnation. 
We request that a copy of these resolutions 

be untiled each member of congress from 

Michigan, and that a copy be mailed to 
the Federationist anil a copy be mailed to 
each international journal whose interna- 
tional is affiliated with the American Fed- 
erati f Labor. 

Shawnee, Okla., March 5, 1908. 

Whereas, It has come to the knowledge of 
Local Union No. 292, of the Carpenters and 
Joiners of America, located in Shawnee, 
state of Oklahoma, that Senator Penrose is 
ottering an amendment to section 3893 of 
the Revised Statutes, wherein it will give 
the postmaster-general of the United States 
absolute jurisdiction over any periodica] or 
other publication that does not meet the ap- 
proval of the administration; and, 

Whereas, If such a law is passed, it will 
put every labor paper at the mercy of one 
man. and he can. at his own discretion, de- 
clare any or all labor journals non-mailable ; 

Whereas, Such A law is clearly violative 
of the spirit of our constitution, which guar- 
antees the freedom of the press, and puts 
into the hands of one man the power of tak- 
ing away or abridging this right; there- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, By said Local No. 292, that we 
brand any such an amendment to our postal 
laws as illegal, oppressive and an unwise 
grant of power to one man. and made in the 


interest and with the intent that the same 
shall be used to oppress organized labor 
and the laboring class in general; and, be it 

Eesolved, That one copy of these resolu- 
tions be sent our representative in congress 
and one to our official journal, The Carpen- 
ter, for publication. 

The foregoing resolution was indorsed by 
the Shawnee Trades and Labor Assembly at 
its last regular meeting, March 5, 1908. 
B. C. HANSEN, Pres. 
E. W. STARKEY, Sec.-Treas. 

It Is Equioy We Want. 

Editor The Carpenter: 

Realizing the necessity of putting forth 
more earnest and determined efforts in the 
advancement of our cause, I submit to you 
the subjoined article for publication in our 
journal, The Carpenter, and if you find my 
few remarks worthy of a place in its 
columns I will continue the article with all 
the force I can command. 

As ' ' union ' ' means a combination of 
forces, it suggests strength ; the power by 
which we can elevate our moral, intellectual 
and social condition. This, however, is not 
well understood by many of our brothers. 

The aims and objects of labor unions are 
vastly different from the aims and objects 
of capitalistic combinations or corporations. 
Yet both have that in common with each 
other that they a're acting as a single indi : ' 
vidua] for the advancement of the interests 
of each one of its members. 

Corporations, after obtaining a charter 
from the state or states generally employ 
every cunning device known to man to 
further their business interests and in this 
endeavor they miss no opportunity to en- 
large their personal gain. 

So at the present time are corporations 
taking advantage of the financial depres- 
sion, for which they themselves are responsi- 
ble, by cutting down the wages of their em- 
ployes. They are exercising every right 
guaranteed the people of the United States 
by its constitution, for the protection of 
their property. And still, not satisfied with 
their constitutional rights, they are con- 
tinually petitioning the courts for the issu- 
ing of injunctions and restraining orders 
against labor unions, thus depriving them 

SIlj? (tiwcpmUv 

oi the same rights unrestrictedly exercised 
by the corporations. 

This action of our courts of judiciary is 
illegal and a flagrant violation of the 
United States constitution which decrees: 

"Nor shall any state deprive any person 
of life, liberty or property without due 
process of law, nor deny to any person 
within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. ' ' 

If corporations, trust companies or bank- 
ing institutions have a right to protection 
by the laws of this land in anything they 
possess, or to be secured by that law against 
any practices that might hamper their busi- 
ness operations or which might be destruc- 
tive to their prosperity, then labor unions 
must have a right to the same protection in 
their endeavor to secure for their members 
the highest possible price for the only thing 
they possess, the only article they have for 
sale — their labor power — and to secure for 
their members the most humane working 

Should the working people be restrained 
from acquiring or exercising the liberties 
and privileges accorded the merchant, the 
manufacturer or other capitalistic interests, 
and should labor unions not have the right 
to use any agency in the accomplishing of 
their noble purpose to elevate the condition 
of the laboring masses? Is there any reason 
why the constitution of the United States, 
or the laws of any state should accord spe- 
cial privileges and protection, by .way of 
granting injunctions to wealthy manufac- 
turing institutions to the detriment of the 
laboring masses under the pretext to protect 
the interests of the public? Are the manu- 
facturers' interests of any greater concern 
to the public than the interests of the toil- 
ing masses of this country? 

It is evident that if two work horses be 
put to work and one is well fed and cared 
for while the other is forced to do all it 
can, underfed and neglected, that the one 
will become fat and strong and able to 
render profitable service while the other will 
soon cease to exist. 

We must do all in our power to down 
judge-made law and special privileges for 
corporations and all capitalistic interests; 
it is equity we want. 

Fraternally yours, 

Chaffee, Mo. M. MOORE, L. U. 875. 

(Hljf (Earprntpr 

In Justice to the D. C. and Members of 

the Pittsburg District. 
Editor The Carpenter: 

Pot the past two or three v :,rs there 
seems to bo a desire on the part of some of 
the prominent members of the organization 
to l>e nagging at the Tittsburg district of 
carpenters (this applies especially to mem 
bers outside of the Pittsburg district), and 
have been issuing statements that arc mls- 
leading, in reference to the action of this 
District Council as well as against members 

In The Carpenter of December, 1907, 
Pago 15, you will find in the report of the 
G. B. B. instructions to the General Presi- 
dent to demand of the Pittsburg District 
Council a correction of the irregularities in 
the distribution of funds appropriated by 
the General Office to the Pittsburg district 
during the strike of 1906. 

In justice to this D. I '. 1 wish to state 
that this D. C. has no knowledge of any 
irregularities in the distribution of said 
funds, and have accounted to the General 
Office for every cent that was received by 
the D. C, and for the G. E. B. to publish 
such a statement, without first making an 
investigation, and verify the correctness of 
said report, was unfair and unwarranted, 
and has lead not only members of this Dis- 
trict, but the membership at large to believe 
that this D. C. has handled these funds, 
either carelessly or dishonestly. 

This D. C. was informed by a letter of 
date of July 17, 1907, from General Secre- 
tary Duffy (enclosing check for $5,000.00) 
that W. J. Kelly was the official representa- 
tive of the General Office, in this district, 
and with the distinct understanding that the 
money was to be distributed under the 
supervision of Organizer Kelly, according 
to instructions that had been issued to him 
by the General Office. 

The strike of 1906 was declared May the 
first, 1906, and was declared off October 
16, 1906. A while after the strike was de- 
clared off Organizer Kelly took the original 
strike rolls away from the office of the D. 
C. and the D. C. did not have them in its 
possession again for about a year. 

In Organizer Kelly's report he claimed 
the D. C. was indebted to the General Office 
to the amount of $1,308.79. Under date 
of October 24, 1907, the General President 

demanded thai the l>. C. return the amount 

due the General Office. The I). ('. knowing 
that the report of I'.mili. r Kelly wns not 
correct, protested and appointed a commit- 
toe to again an. Ml t Im- rolls, :in<l I 'n-si.l.nt 
1 1 nl .it instructed Brother Kelly to meet 
with this committee, which be did, and after 

the committee had finished their work tho 
report showed that it would require $2,- 

."..",:!. nil to square up with the I al Unions 

of the Pisirict, ai rding to the number of 

men reporting. That report is now in the 
hands of the General Office, it being mailed 
there February 6, inns. Brother Kelly 

being the official representative of this dis- 
trict, and the money being distributed under 
his supervision and never making any pro- 
test to the committee or D. C. as to the 
distribution of the money, why should he re- 
port to the General Office nearly a year 
later that there had been irregularities in 
the distribution of said funds? 

The facts as above stated are correct, and 
the statements referred to as published in The 
Carpenter have been a reflection on this D. 

C, as it has made the impression on a great 
many members of the organization that this 

D. C. has not handled the money appro- 
priated to the district in an appropriate and 
honorable manner. 

In further justice to this district and 
the members of the district, I wish to call 
the attention of the members at large to a 
part of the report of Brother W. B. Mac- 
farlane in The Carpenter, February, 1908, 
Page 26, wherein he makes statements that 
are misleading relative to this D. C. and 
which would lead the membership at large 
to believe that this D. C. is composed of a 
lot of chumps and unable to transact the 
business devolving upon it in the district. 

He states that the Pittsburg district is a 
large one, and practically runs itself, with- 
out any real head or person responsible for 
the management of the same. 

In the same report he admits that we 
have obtained an increase in wages in the 
past five years of $1.10 per day; have main- 
tained the eight-hour day and the union 
shop, and says we have been in the throes 
of a strike for over a year (yet no head). 
Do these conditions come of themselves or 
do the employers grant them through affec- 
tion and sympathy for humanity? 

Now, when Brother Macfarlane says we 


3Hj? (HnxpmUv 

have no head the natural inference would be 
that we have no system. Instead of this 
district being in the throes of a strike for 
a year we have been in the throes of a lock- 
out and strike for more than three years, 
and during these three years we have been 
successful in having the wages increased 
fifty cents per day and have maintained the 
other union conditions, and if Brother Mac- 
f arlane 's memory serves him well he will 
recollect that about two years ago, he was 
present on a certain occasion when the Gen- 
eral President stated that the Pittsburg dis- 
trict was one of the best organized districts 
in the United States. 

While the representatives of this district 
are always willing to consider any sugges- 
tions along progressive lines, I do not re- 
call any instance where the district has re- 
quested Brother Macfarlane to change our 
system for one that might apply better to 
some other district, as we all know that 
conditions that apply to one district might 
not apply to another, and I believe that, 
considering the opposition that this district 
has been up against for the past three years, 
we have been as successful as any district 
under the jurisdiction of the brotherhood. 

Brother Macfarlane also makes mention 
in his report of the failure of an attempt 
to increase the monthly dues of the district 
from fifty cents per month to seventy-five 
cents per month. True, there was an effort 
made to increase the monthly dues, and the 
proposition was submitted to all the Local 
Unions affiliated with this D. C. for a refer- 
endum vote, and the result of that vote 
was against the increasing of the dues, or 
any other individual expense during the time 
of trouble, such as we have been experienc- 
ing here for three years, with some of our 
men out of work for months and others 
working half time and less, and I think it 
little becomes Brother Macfarlane as an 
officer of the organization to be faultfinding 
and nagging at any district simply because 
the majority of the members in the district 
do not coincide with his views in every re- 
spect, and because there may be members 
in the district that he may not have a 
friendly feeling for. 

The report of Brother Macfarlane would 

lead members of the organization who are 

not acquainted with the facts to believe 

that it was on the occasion of his last visit 


to Pittsburg that the matters, as referred to 
in his report, transpired. Such is not the 
case, as the last time that Brother Macfar- 
lane was in Pittsburg on official business 
was in January, 1908, and then was here to 
audit the books of a Local Union in this 
district that the General Office claimed owed 
tax to the General Office, but his audit 
showed that the local referred to had paid 
more than their per capita tax to the Gen- 
eral Office, but I see nothing in his report 
referring to this visit, but his whole theme 
seems to be a drubbing of this T>. C. for not 
following out certain lines laid out by him. 

Brother Macfarlane states that some of 
the old-time members of national aspira- 
tions are responsible for the defeat of the 
raising of the dues. 

The Local Union to which the member re- 
ferred to belongs has always been a progres- 
sive and successful organization, and if the 
Local Union voted against the raising of the 
dues they only exercised the right that they 
or any other Local Union has — to vote as 
it sees best — and I do not think that any 
member should take the advantage of his 
official position to sling mud. 

I have been asked the question, "Why 
was this report delayed until this time?" 
and some of the members have intimated 
that it appears to have been held for the 
purpose of campaign ammunition for the 
coming election of General Officers. Whether 
or not such is the ease I am unable to say, 
but I think no member of the organization 
has any right to use the position of his 
office for such purposes, or make personal 
matters a part of his report to the organiza- 
tion at large. Give every member of the 
organization in good standing the benefits 
of the rights granted in our constitution 
and a fair deal to every member from the 
humblest to the greatest. 

J. C. KEPHAET, See. D. C. 

The communistic motto of the Essenes 
was : ' ' Mine is thine and thine is mine. ' ' 
It is only the latter part of the motto which 
has come down to us. — Holyoake. 

I early noticed the great attention given 
to dead* machinery and the neglect and dis- 
regard of the living machinery. — Eobert 

Uticn, X. Y. — All carpenters arc hereby 
requested to steer clear of ilns locality foi 
the present Trade is very dull here, with 
do prospect for any improvement ; hundreds 
of carpenters are walking the streets. 

annoui I 11 cut ol 50 cents per day of 

eight hours. I'i this notice, traveling cur 

penters will readily Bee that Lawrence, 
Mass., i- :i good place to keep nloof from :ii 
the present i in e. 

Vernon, Tex.- Owing to scarcity of work, 
we would advise migrating brothers to steer 
clear of this town for some time to come. 
Three-fourths of our members aTe idle, and 
the outlook is not favorable I'm- any work 
to start up very soon. 

\ru Britain, Conn. — In view of the fact 
thai work in this city and vicinity is very 
dull, and will be for some time in come and, 
.-is a result, about thr fourths of our mem- 
bership is walking the streets, we urgently 
request transient carpenters to steer cleai 
• it' New Britain tor the next lew months. 

Finillnv, o. — Brother carpenters will 
please take warning anil stay away from 
our city. Trade conditions are very poor 
and so are chances lor employment for our 
home brothers. We hope migrating brothers 
will pay heed to our warning anil keep away 
until trade has picked up again. 

*:• ♦ ♦ 

Indiana Harbor. Tml. — Trade is very 'lull 
here and business at a complete standstill, 
there being a large number of our resident 
brothers idle. We would Bequest migrating 
brothers to remain away from this city until 
conditions have improved and until further 

Warren. Pa. — Work is slack here, lint L. 
T. 1014 is holding her own. We had a 
very successful entertainment Monday 
evening, March L.'. Everyone enjoyed them- 
selves and went home at a late hour saying 
that the carpenters surely know how to en- 
tertain and make merry. 

Lawrence, Mass. — We desire to notify all 
members of the U. B., migrating carpenters 
.•specially, of tie probability of serious trou- 
ble to arise in this city on account of a 
proposition by some of our contractors to 
reduce wages. Three of them have already 

Mahoning and Shenango Valley.^Owing 
to pending trade demands by the various 

Local Unions comprising this district, ■'H"l 
three-fifths of tin- membership being idle, 
we would urgently ask all brother carpen- 
ters to keep shy of this vicinity. Trade 
conditions are very unsatisfactory at pres- 
ent, and there is m. improvement in sight. 

PocafellO, Idaho. — We desire by this 
means to notify all union carpenters of the 
trouble existing here, the Builders' Kx 
change having declared for the open simp. 
Aside from this, trade is very dull, and 
scarcely any work on hand. Thus, traveling 
brothers will readily see that this city is a 
good place for them to avoid at this time. 

KokoTiio. Ind. — All carpenters are advised 
to stay away from this city for the present 
as work is very slack, and there are more 
men here now than can find employment. 
Pay no attention to newspaper talk about 
conditions in Kokomo. We have no trouble 
here, other than that caused by scarcity of 

•S- ♦ *J* 

Sayre Pi.— The Ij. V. R. R. Co. has just 
laid off 80 per cent, of their help in the 


passenger and freight car shops here, and 
business in the carpenter line, and in gen- 
eral, is so dull that we advise migrating 
brothers to avoid this place until conditions 
have improved. Please place Sayre, Pa., on 
the dull list in the journal. 
.♦<■ .*«. .;<• 

El Paso, Tex. — Believing it will serve our 
mutual interests, we hereby notify all broth- 
er carpenters that trade conditions here are 
very bad at present. Work is so scarce 
that most union-men are walking the streets. 
All business is at a standstill. Traveling 
brothers are advised to steer clear of El 
Paso, Tex., until further notice. 

* * ♦ 

Cleveland, O. — Trade in this city is very 
poor at present and prospects are none too 
good. While a few of our members are 
starting to work on jobs of short duration, 
we have still about one-half of our member- 
ship out of employment. Cleveland, 0., is 
a good place for carpenters to remain away 
from at this time. 

»+* *.+♦ ♦*« 

Piqua, 0. — To say that our L. U., No. 
190S, is booming might be exaggerating the 
situation, but w-e can safely say that we 
are prospering and growing in membership. 
Two-thirds of the carpenters of this city 
belong to the union, and the main con- 
tractors are employing none other than 
union men. 

♦ ♦ * 

Santa Cruz, Cal. — We have more men here 
at present than can find work and a number 
of brothers walking the streets. There is 
also a movement on foot to inaugurate the 
open shop, which may result in trouble at 
any time. Carpenters will do well to remain 
away from this vicinity until this matter is ■ 
settled and conditions have become normal 

*> ♦ •?<■ 

St. Louis, Mo. — The Novel. Sharpleigb 
Hardware Company, of this city, still re- 
fuses to employ union carpenters, although 
the representatives of the D. C. have re- 
peatedly requested that firm to do so. Their 
antagonism to organized labor shown by 
their action, is causing considerable indig- 
nation and comment in labor circles here. 
The tools manufactured by said firm are 

tttfj? (&ixxpmt?x 

Montreal, Can. — Work is exceedingly 
scarce in this city at present, and as we see 
no prospect for improvement of trade condi- 
tions in the near future, we would advise all 
traveling brothers to give Montreal a wide 
berth until further notice. The editor of 
the journal will please place the name of our 
city on the dull list. 

Conneaut, 0. — Work being very scarce 
here at present, traveling brothers are ad- 
vised to avoid this place until further 
notice. While there is no labor trouble here, 
trade is so dull that many of our resident 
brothers have been out of employment since 
last winter. Give them a chance to secure 
work by staying away. 

♦ ♦ ♦»♦ 
Douglass, Ga. — All traveling brothers are 
hereby requested to steer clear of this city 
until further notice. Trade is very dull, 
and our Local Union being young and small, 
it would prove a task to keep intact should 
this place become overrun with idle carpen- 
ters. Wherever you go, remember this, 
Douglass, Ga., is a good place to stay away 
from at this time. 

Estanica, N. M. — Trade is very dull, busi- 
ness at a standstill and, as a result, the 
working population here is suffering great 
hardship. A large number of journeymen 
of our own craft are walking the streets, 
owing to the money stringency and conse- 
quent lack of work. Transient carpenters 
are advised to give this place a wide berth 
until further notice. 

.♦<• <$> .♦* 

Lincoln, Neb. — At our last meeting we 
listened to a splendid address on ' ' Moral 
Leadership and Social Eeform, " by Eev. 
H. A. Pritchard, of Bethany, a suburb of 
Lincoln. We have elected an "Educational 
Secretary," whose duties consist of pro- 
viding some one to speak at each meeting 
along lines that shall tend to the elevation 
of our members as citizens or" mechanics, 
♦jt- <%* «$* 

Plainview, Tex. — All carpenters are 
warned to keep away from this place. Trade 
is very slack, and large numbers of carpen- 
ters walking the streets in vain search for 

\il carpenters arc 
place, for various 
have always been 

®ltr (Haritrntrr 

employment. There is do slum, whatever, 
for any newcomers at tliis time or in the 
near future. Traveling brothers "ill avoid 
disappointment by steering deal of Hiis 

* * •!• 
Corpus I'lirisii, Tex. 
warned to slum tliis 
reasons. Wages here 
rather low; at present t In ■ scale is $2.25 
per day and, as a result, there is much dis- 
satisfaction among our men here over work- 
ing conditions. Trouble may arise at any 
time, which seems the more probable, as a 
citizens' alliance has recently I n organized 


•j. a .5. 

Newark, N. .1. — The situation in this city 
is rather critical at this time. We have about 
so per cent of our members walking the 
streets ami we arc threatened with a cut in 
wages. It does not seem that there will 
be much work going on here this spring, 
as very few contracts have been filed so far. 
Outsiders are earnestly advised to give 
Newark, N. J., a wide berth until conditions 
have improved. 

A A A 

V V V 

Richmond, Va. — Work is very scarce here 
and has been for the past four or five 
months, nor are prospects for the near fu- 
ture any brighter. There are more than 
two-thirds of the carpenters in this city now 
idle. Contractors are holding their work 
back for no other reason than to make us 
work for less pay. This is the situation in 
a nutshell. Brother craftsmen are re- 
quested to give this city a wide berth until 
trade picks up again. 

A A A 

Utica, N. Y. — We would urgently call on 
traveling carpenters to keep shy of this city 
pending a settlement of our trade demand 
for an advance in wages. During the year 
past the influx to this city of carpenters in 
search of work has been so great that bosses 
now think they can obtain enough men from 
outside districts to work for the old rate ; 
so if migrating brothers will stay away for 
a while, there is chance for us to come out 
all right and to have our demand acceded to. 

A A A 

Cedar Eapids, la. — Our Local Union, No. 
308, is in good shape, not one unfair job in 

tl ityj neither wore we affected to any 

great, extent by the financial depression. 
We have removed to a new building, the 
third floor of which was lilted up to our 
needs. There is no finer quarters in the 

state; all onions meel in the same building. 

It would lie useless tor nonunion men to 
even attempt to light upon our city and try 
to work without a card; wo corral them ;it 

A A A 

Springfield, Mass. — Migrating brothers 
will please take notice thai Here is no op- 
portunity whatever in this city for obtain 
ing employment. Trade is extremely dull 

and the outlook for the near future rather 
gloomy. We have numbers of resident 
brothers walking the streets, and the in- 
flux to this city of brothers from surround- 
ing towns is seriously aggravating the sit- 
uation. Take heed of our warning and keep 
away until further notice. 

A A A 

Boston, Mass. — We would urgently re- 
quest all carpenters to remain away from 
this city as more than 50 per cent, of our 
membership is out of work and prospects 
for the spring season are very poor. We 
have not experienced such a depression in 
the building industry since 1893, and it is 
obvious that as long as out of town members 
are flocking to the city, our present wage 
rate is in jeopardy. We trust that brother 
carpenters will comply with our request and 
stay away for the present. 


Fargo, N. D., and Moorhead, Minn. — 
Local Union 1176, with jurisdiction over 
both localities, desires to inform the broth- 
ers of the U. B. that the Builders' Ex- 
change here has declared for the open shop. 
We have thus been thrown into a bitter 
fight which, however, we are determined to 
win. This we hope the brothers will help 
us to do by staying away from the above 
mentioned cities until the trouble is settled. 
Migrating brothers are earnestly requested 
to keep away until further notice. 


Johnson City, Tenn. — Migrating brothers 
will do well by remaining away from this 
city for the present, there being an un- 
precedented scarcity of work here and not 
five houses being built. Many of our broth- 


ers are out of employment with no prospect 
for obtaining work very soon. Nearly all 
factories have shut down months ago, caus- 
ing hundreds of laborers to walk the streets 
all winter. The papers are trying to boom 
this city, but their statements are mislead- 
ing and deserving of no credence. The 
editor will please place Johnson City, Tenn., 
on the dull list. 

♦ *> ♦ 

Tampa, Fla. — As the brothers may all be 
aware by this time, this city has suffered a 
most disastrous loss by fire on March 1 and, 
as a result, thousands are homeless and liv- 
ing on charity. We ask for no financial aid, 
but we appeal to all the brothers and 
through them to their friends, in the inter- 
est of humanity, to help make our burden as 
light as possible by staying away from this 
city for the present. Hundreds of me- 
chanics of all trades are idle, and with the 
present precarious financial condition of the 
country, it will take months before building 
operations can be resumed. Any mechanic 
coming here at this time in the hope of se- 
curing employment will meet with disap- 
pointment. Keep away until further notice. 
*$*■ *J* *$*■ 

Bismarck, N. D. — As a rule, during the 
months from December to May, building 
operations in this vicinity are at a stand- 
still, and there is not enough work for our 
home members. The situation this year, 
however, is greatly aggravated by the finan- 
cial depression, and more so by the fact 
that we have, as yet, not reached any under- 
standing with our contractors relative to our 
pending trade demand. In view of these 
conditions, we would earnestly warn mi- 
grating brothers to avoid this city at this 
time. We hope they will stay away and 
give us a chance to hold our union together. 
Although it is a hard proposition, and odds 
are against us, we propose to build up the 
organization and make Bismarck, N. D., a 
strictly union town. 

# <♦ ♦> •*• 

Eureka, Cal. — The Hammond Lumber Co., 
sometimes called the Vance Redwood Lum- 
ber Co., located at Samoa, Humboldt county, 
Cal., have agents employed in the East dis- 
tributing circulars, offering all sorts of in- 
ducements to workingmen to come to this 
county. Their object in doing this is to 

5ty? (fLnxpmtn 

flood this vicinity with idle men so they may 
set their own wage scale. A contract is 
entered into between the company and the 
prospective party in the East; the contract 
look good, for the inducements offered are 
very inviting, but when the party to the 
contract arrives here and finds things almost 
the reverse from the contract, they naturally 
object, and are told to make the best of it 
or look for another job. We would warn all 
workingmen to look out for these nets and 
not be caught in them. 

Nokomis, 111. — Trade conditions at pres- 
ent are far from promising and no one can 
tell when an improvement will come. There 
is a coal mine here just beginning opera- 
tions, which may impress traveling brothers 
with the idea that it will cause considerable 
building. However, there is no indication 
of building operations to start up again 
very soon, and this new enterprise does not 
justify the coming here of more carpenters. 
About half of our own members are out of 
work, owing to the threatening coal strike 
and depressed business conditions. Under 
the circumstances, we deem it our duty to 
advise traveling brothers to stay away. 
Despite the hard times, our Local Union is 
doing well, which is shown by good attend- 
ance at meetings and by an increase in 
membership, including many active carpen- 
ters in this city. 

# * * 

Nome, Alaska. — There being more car- 
penters here than can possibly obtain em- 
ployment, and the opening of the navigation 
season usually bringing a great number of 
carpenters to this city, we would call upon 
migrating brothers to stay away from Nome 
at this time and next, summer. We organ- 
ized last summer and had a hard fight for 
a minimum scale of wages and the closed 
shop, especially so for the latter, handicapped 
as we were in every way. The working sea- 
son being very short, and work never very 
plentiful, our members for months had to 
scatter out in search of work in and outside 
of mines, ditches and elsewhere, and, as a 
result, it was difficult to keep our offices 
filled. Now, if we succeed in preventing 
an influx to this city of idle carpenters, it 
will give us a chance this summer to perfect 
and strengthen our organization, and will 

(Ulip (Uarpruter 

bo tin' means of compelling nil carpenters in 
iliis vicinity to become mombers of < >n r 

Pine Bluff, Ark.-- In the Februarj i m 
nal we reported that our city was only 
about half organized, and we take pleasure 
in informing the brothers that since that 
date, the situation has changed in our favor. 
Through diligent work of cur officers and 

members, we have sun led in getting 

about every eligible carpenter to join our 
fold. All the contractors, twenty in num 
ber, have signed an agreement for the en- 
suing twelve months, pledging themselves to 
employ union men exclusively. Work is still 
very slack on account of recent shut-downs 
in shops, and we have plenty of yen. I me 
chanics to take care of all the work at 
present. Migrating brothers, especially 

tliese from the North, will flense remeinl n 
that we want good, honest workmen and 

loyal union men instead of windjammers; 

this class Of men do more work with their 
mouth than with tools, and we are overrun 
with this elass of self-esteemed mechanics. 
However, we don't wish to offend any 
brother whose shoes don't fit with this state- 

♦ •!* ♦ 

Information Wanted. 
E. B. Keene, alms King, is wanted in 
Sanford, Pla., for the theft of a shot-gun 
valued at thirty dollars belonging to :i fel- 
low-member of Local Union 1751. Keene, 
or King, has dark brown eyes and hair, is 
about 5 feet 6 inches tall, ami weighs about 
140 pounds. Usually, he is found in pool 
rooms and skating rinks. 

Shi uld he deposit his clearance card with 
any Local Union, the secretary will please 
notify Local Union 1751 by addressing 
A. W. BAXLEY, R. S., 
Sanford, Fin. 

Frank Jnekson, who wni :i member of a 

Local I nine of Hi,. I'. |;. in Kansas ( it) . 
ill 1 « n ic I ami IH07, has deserted liis wife ami 
children in Rosedale, Kans., and nothing has 
been heard from him since last July. He is 

an all i I carpentei and cabinetmaker; 

age, :; 1 years; dark brown hair; scar on 
right eye; height, 5 feel '■"■.• in. -lies; weight, 
155 pounds, ll>- is Bupposed to be in Cal 

Anyone knowing of his whereabouts wil 
please communicate with 

i::.l and Fisher Sts., Rosedale, Kans. 

.1. W. Rhodus, a brother carpenter and 
member of L. I". 41, Champaign, III., is 
missing since the 2d of March, 1908, and 
no trace can be found of him. He did not 
take out a clearance card. He left a wife 
and three small children. He is ii feet in 
height; weight, 185 pounds; brown hair; 
brown eves; light complexion; wore a derby 
hat ami .lark checked suit; age, 35 years. 
Any one who can locate him, or any one who 
can give any information as to his where- 
abouts, will convey a great favor upon his 
wife, as well as upon Local Union 41. 
Kindly address, 

904 W. Walnut St., 

Champaign, TU. 

Beware of Wm. Karbley. 

Mt. Carmel, Pa. — Wm. Karbley, a con- 
tractor of this place, has decamped, leaving 
his carpenters unpaid. He is a man stoutly 
set; about 5 feet 7 inches tall; dark 
mustache; dark complexion; weight, about 
200 pounds. Brothers, beware of him. 


Movements for Better Conditions. 

Local Union 1756, Cleveland, 0. — This 
Local Union, composed of brothers of the 
Jewish faith, has decided to demand of the 
Jewish contractors an advance in their 
wages from 37% to 45 cents an hour, to 
take effect on May 1 next. So far, nine of 
the contractors have expressed themselves 
favorably to the demanded advance. 

Local Union 1570, Marysville, Cal. — This 
is the only town of its size on the Pacific 
coast working 9 hours, and what we want now 
is the eight-hour workday. We have made 
a demand to that effect with good prospect 
for success. With the carpenters, painters, 
plumbers and tinners, we have organized a 
Local B. T. C, and are now taking steps 
toward affiliation with the State B. T. C. 

Local Union 1814, Huntingburg,. Ind. — 
Trade conditions in this locality being very 
backward and our present wages being as 
low as 23 cents an hour, we are asking our 
employers for an increase of 2 cents, or 25 
cents per hour, the new scale to become 
effective on May 1 next. All journeymen 
carpenters here belong to the union, and as 
our demand is so very reasonable, all em- 
ployers seem willing to grant the raise and 
we anticipate no trouble on May 1. 

work with non-union men 

* * ♦ 

more than two 

Local Union 128S, Lisbon, O. — Our Local 
Union being in very good shape, consider- 
ing present conditions in the building trade, 
and the prices of all necessaries of life be- 
ing so high that it is impossible to live on 
our present wages, we have decided to de- 
mand an increase of 20 per cent, on and 
after May 1, 1908, this being equal to an 
advance of 50 cents per day. Our present 
wages are $2.50 per day of 9 hours, or 53 
hours per week. We can not tell at this 
time what opposition, if any, our con- 
tractors will offer us in this movement. 

.♦* .j. .;. 

Local Union 1933, Dyersburg, Tenn. — In 
accordance with the provisions of our re- 
cently revised by-laws, we are demanding 
45 cents per hour minimum for qualified 
foremen, 33 1-3 cents per hour for journey- 
men, and 20 cents per hour for improvers, 
nine hours to constitute a day 's work. At 
present, we are working ten hours per day 
for 25 cents per hour; that is what good 
workmen are paid here. Some of the im- 
provers are paid as low as 12% cents an 
hour; foremen are receiving 35 cents an 
hour. We are getting along nicely and in- 
creasing in membership. 

Local Union 989, Newburyport, Mass. — 
We expect a refusal from the contractors of 
this city to sign our agreement for 1908, 
which provides for $2.80 per day of eight 
hours. It seems that the contractors want 
us to work nine hours, but we don 't propose 
to acquiesce, as we do not want to relinquish 
what we have fought for these last six years. 
While we are not asking for any advance 
in wages, we want to embody a clause in 
our new agreement whereby we are not to 

Local Union 1894, Santa Fe, 1ST. M — As 
early as in November, 1907, this Local 
Union decided to make a demand upon our 
contractors for the eight-hour day and an 
increase in wages of 50 cents per day, to 
take effect on May 1, 1908. Our present 
working hours are nine per day and wages 
$3.00. In a letter, couched in very courte- 
ous language, we have notified the employers 
of our demand and, although good feeling 
prevails between the latter and the men, we 
can not say, at this time, whether an amic- 

uUjf (Barjmttar 

nble understanding »ill !"■ roachcd, or 
whether it »ill require harsh measures to 
enforce "ur demands. 

1 >ist ri.-t Council, Paterson, N. .1. We 
have entered into negotiations with the 

master carpenters f"r a renewal of our last 
year's agreement, which provides for 8 
hours per day, 44 hours per week, at 1 7 ' j 
cents per hour, and double rate for all over 
time. The employers, however, are offering 
a new agreement, giving us only 45 cents an 
hour, and time and one-half for overtime. 
As wc firmly believe in organized labor's 
slogan, "no wago reduction," we are de- 
termined to have our old agreement renewed 
and. though we are very anxious to avoid 
any friction, there may be a clash on May 1, 
the day of expiration of said agreement. 

Local Union 1168, Port Colburn, (int., 
Can. — At a special meeting held by this 
Local Union on January 27, a resolution was 
adopted asking our employers for an in- 
crease in wages from 25 to 30 cents per 
hour for 9 hours' work, to take effect on 
May 1, ]908, when our present agreement 
expires. We are the lowest paid mechanics 
in this district and feel that we are entitled 
to this advance in wages. The masons, for 
instance, are receiving from $3.50 to $4.00 
per day of 9 hours. We trust that migrat- 
ing brothers will assist us in carrying this 
movement to successful issue by staying 
away from this vicinity until a settlement 
of present difficulties has been reached. 

Local Union 502, Canandaigua, N. Y. — ■ 
By order of this Local Union, to each of the 
carpenter contractors of this town, there has 
been mailed to them a copy of the following 

' ' Resolved, That on and after May 1, 
1908, we demand an eight-hour work day. 
The minimum rate per hour shall be 34 
cents. All contract work in course of con- 
struction prior to February 13, will be com- 
pleted at the present scale. Our present 
wages being 30 cents an hour, this means an 
increase of 4 cents per hour, and a reduc- 
tion in working time of one hour per day." 

We believe the time opportune to make 

Cnnaiidaigua an eight hour loun and c\| I 

little or do trouble in getting our demand 


<• ♦ ♦ 

Successful Trade Movements. 
New Castle, Pa.— We have come to an 
understanding with our contractors on a 

trade agreement for the current year. All 
I lie contractors signed the agreement sub 
nutted to them, whereby we arc to receive 
the wages and hours wo have had for the 
past two years. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Sharon, Pa. — We have won out in our 
trade demand. The contractors, being eager 
to avoid further trouble, came up like men 
when we asked them for a renewal of last 
year's agreement and conceded our demand. 
We are now good for another year at the 
old schedule. 

♦ <f> 4> 

Gary, Ind. — It is with extreme pleasure 
we inform the brothers of the U. B. that we 
have succeeded in getting an ordinance 
passed in this city making compulsory the 
employment of union labor exclusively on 
all public buildings and improvement work. 
The ordinance passed by a unanimous vote. 
It required unremitting hard work, but it is 
worth the efforts to protect the future by 
action in the present. 

♦ 4* * 


A "Trade Note" item on page 44, in 
the March Carpenter contains a double 
error. The item should have been cred- 
ited to Fresno, Cal., instead of to San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., as it is in Fresno where Local 
Union 1496 is located. 

The statement that the wage scale 
adopted by Local Union 1496 had been 
indorsed by Branch 701 of the A. S. of 
C. and J. is also erroneous; it should read 
Local Union 701 U. B. of C. and J. of 
Fresno, Cal. 

"The Carpenter," international official 
organ, with the January number entered 
upon its twenty-eighth volume. It is edited 
by Frank Duffy, the General Secretary, and 
is in every respect one of the best labor 
magazines issued in the country. — Minneap- 
olis Labor Review. 


Trussing Heavy Roofs. 
(By George Rice.) 
The writer is at present in a country 
where they have a great deal to do with 
supporting heavy tile roofs. As some of 
the methods of the Cuban architects for 
trussing tile roofs may be interesting to 

erected with cables and some with single 
strands of heavy wire. There are support- 
ing contrivances constructed with metal 
brackets with steel rods uniting the same 
across the under part of the roof, and there 
are strips of lumber employed in such a 
way that a truss is shaped for roof sup- 

the reader, we will illustrate a few of the 
principal ones. There is a vast amount of 

porting purposes. In cases in which there 
is considerable expanse to cover, the metal 



tile roof in use in Cuba, as is known. There 
are tile roofs in service in the United States 
as well. In fact, many builders of coun- 
try homes and some city homes are inclined 
to utilize the attractive tile roofing. The 


trusses are, of course, the best. There 
should be strong buckles arranged to turn 
on threads cut on the ends of the jointing 
rods, according to the plan shown in Fig. 
1. In this scheme the corbels are bolted 
securely to the girders. The ends of the 
rods at a and b are ■ provided with adjust- 
ing nuts! ' Hence there are two places in 
which the rods can be tightened besides the 



flat truss is in service and so is the oval 
and the round ones. There are trusses 

center at the buckle. The braces C, C, can 
be made of hardwood or of strip metal and 
put up as illustrated. The rod passes 
through a hole cut into each. . 

(Hljr (Har^tnttrr 

The buckle is designated D. The tendency threads of the buckle. The nuts are slipped 

of the heavy tile is to depress the roof. Re- on and the ends of the rods taken up in the 

gardlesa of the strength of the supporting buckle. In iliis form <> I" buckle you can gel 

timbers, this weight almost invariably sinks a secure fastening of the buckle by tighten 

the roof a little in time, Hence the use of ing the nuts up against it after it is once 

the adjustable trusses. As time passes the 
buckle can be turned enough to counteract 

adjusted. This avoids the troubles which 

follow the slipping of the buckle when the 

latter is nut secured with tightening mils. 

One form of hunger used t • > brace the rod 

is shown in Fig. '.'•. This design can lie 
made in hardwood, or east in metal. I ob- 
served both wood and metal hangers in 
the stretch and warping, and the roof use for bracing roof's. The corbels are made 
leveled up to its proper alignment. of wood if for extremely light service, pro- 

The parts employed in the construction of viding tough wood is available. But al- 

this form of truss are shown on a larger most always the corbels are cast iron, one 
scale in the next views. Figure 2 shows the of which is exhibited in Fig. 4. The black- 
design of the buckle with nuts employed in smith can hammer out a set of wrought iron 
addition to the threaded terminns of the corbels quite readily and drill the plate 
ends of the buckle. The rods at each side for the rod and the top surface for the 
are cut with threads to harmonize with the bolts for fastening to the timber of the 


Ufj? QLnvpmUt 

building. In Fig. 5 is another form of case. 1 saw a perfectly formed metal 
metal bracket for supporting the end of the. bracket of the order shown in Fig. 7, in 
rod. This one is furnished with four lag service in one place where a heavy roof was 
screws which are turned into the woodwork. trussed. The bracket was cast from iron. 
As to the rods employed in this work, Tn fact there were a dozen of tliem ad- 
some of them are fitted with the threaded justed at intervals to support the rods of 

ends and nuts for securing the same, while 
others are turned over at the ends for 
loops or rings as shown in -Fig. 6. One 
trouble is that the loop is liable to open 
under heavy strain, as at E, thereby en- 
dangering the roof support. I saw one or 
more of these systems in use and observed 

the system. Iron rods we're strung across 
in the usual way and extended through cor- 
rectly adjusted hangers. The ring in the 
bracket at F was not properly made, how- 
ever, because I could see that some of the 
metal loops of the rods were badly cut as 
at Or, Fig. 8, due to the wear of the fric- 

that the rings were about to open, due to 
■ising weak rods and unreliable connections 
of the loops. If the ring is properly forged 
on the end of the rod, and the rod of ample 
proportions to support the weight required 
of it, the chances are that the eye will 
hold. But often these rules are overlooked 
and the parts open under strain as in this 

tional contact at this point. It seems that 
the constant mechanical action of the one 
metal surface against the other, arising 
from a miniature vibration, gradually cut 
into the metal and created the weak point 
as shown. 

Fig. 9 explains a somewhat odd mode of 
supporting the frame of a large window. A 

®ljf (Uarprnter 

.-. .in j . 1<- 1 1- section i>f hardwood was cut out 
to (it into I In- position shown .'it II. This 

piei C wood is two inches in thickness. 

It hns the appearim it' having boon put 

in there by the mason for the purpose of 

getting a form on which to build his arch 

made into the wall on cither side of the 
open space needed for the window sash. 
These brackets arc jointed by a rod na 

shown and the rod scries its purpose as a 
support for the heavy tile material above. 
You would bo surprise. 1 if you were to see 

for the window. You are inclined to think 
that the mason forgot to remove the model. 
But this is not so in this instance. The 





wood is neatly finished and is calculated to 
remain as a support and a filler. Then 
again I noticed a method of supporting tile 
roofs in Cuba at the juncture of openings 
for windows, by employing a rod across the 
front and middle of the window as ex- 
plained in figure 10. Metal brackets are 

how much weight they get on some of the 
tile roofs in this country. Often there are 
two layers and sometimes three layers of the 
tile, to assure perfect tightness of the roof 
against rain. 

"But a single layer is shown in figure 10. 
Then the Cuban masons often extend a truss 
through an arch as in Fig. 11. The rod is 
cemented into the wall at K K, and is se- 
curely fastened by heading up the ends. 
Hence the rod acts as a supporting measure 
to the arch. Another plan is shown in 
figure 12, in which the rod is put through 
the center of the timber with openings at 
M M, where nuts are placed. " E. " 

Home Building. 
(Ey Dwight L. Stoddard.) 
There is probably no one subject in the 
civilized world of greater interest to all 
as home building, and it surely ought to be 
of more interest to the carpenters than to 
any one else, for they not only generally 
have a pretty good family of their own that 
has to have a home, but their entire life is 


spent in home building for others. Many 
of them never find time to build one for 
themselves, and therefore have to pay their 

0% (ttntprnttr 

for it is so much that it alone in a very 
few years would build a nice and respecta- 
ble home. 

Elevation — One Story. 

Elevation — Two Stories. 

hard-earned money for rent for a home or 
a hovel- as the case may be. Yes it is often 
nothing more than a hovel and yet the rent 

I give a plan here of a very cheap home, 
which some might say is not near large 
enough for a carpenter's big family; that 

©Ije (ftaritpntrr 

being the case li" oughl to bnild it two ^lass. Some may Bay, "<>h, -'t carpenter 
stories, and yet, BmalJ as it is, I am Borry docs no! need a bath room," fcarl my experi 
to saj manj carpenters are living in homes ence tells me thai :i carpenter needs ■■<■ bath 




Ground Plan. 

not as large or as good, and yet their rent 
will build this in a very short time. 

I do not intend this as an ideal plan, but 
a cheap one ; four good rooms, a bath and 
a pantry. To make it as cheap as possible 
the bath and pantry are made by closing in 
the back porch, and by closing in all or a 
part of the front porch in the winter with 
glass you can make not only a good storm 
door for the front door but a fine sun 
room as well, or if you did not want to 
do that and wanted a permanent sun room, 
the front porch could be made smaller and 
one of the front rooms be made largely of 

just as much as any one, and I find it one 
of the most useful and enjoyable rooms of 
the house. But of course if it was not 
wanted that room could be used for a gen- 
eral store or trunk room and closet, or be 
done away with entirely. 

Some .carpenters might think it not neces- 
sary to have a pantry, yet I believe he 
thinks as much of his wife as the other 
' ' feller ' ' does of his servant, and it is, in- 
deed, very seldom we build a good house 
where they expect to have a good many 
servants, that they do not arrange for 
pantries, butlers' closets, etc. No, there is 


SIJj? (&ntpmttv 

no one in the world more deserving of a 
good pantry than the carpenters' wife that 
does her own house work, and if everything 
else is lacking she surely should have a 
good pantry and a fair kitchen, yes, a real 
nice kitchen, especially if it is to be used 
as a combination kitchen and dining room. 

The bed room should not be too small 
and should have plenty of light and air, 
not as you need the light to sleep by, but 
the air and light through the day makes 
the bed room healthy to sleep in. It would 
be well to always have two windows in 
the bed room, though in my plan, which I 
offer as a cheap plan, I have provided for 
only one window in the room that would 
naturally be used as a bed room. However, 
I did not really arrange them at all, but 
let those interested pick out whatever one 
suited them best for the bedroom or for 
other purposes. 

The front rooms could be made even 
cheaper by having an arch between the two 
front rooms, and if you did not want a 
fire in only two of the rooms make a double 
partition between two of the rooms and put 
in two good closets. 

The style of roof, which might be hip or 
gable or both, I will let the reader suggest 
to himself. 

This plan may possibly help some brother 
carpenter to construct a neat, convenient, 
cheap home for some one, and if it is the 
means of any carpenter to get to figuring 
it out how easy he can build himself a nice 
home, I shall, indeed be glad I offered it. 

This plan is also a convenient one for a 
fireplace or two, or even three or four, but, 
of course, they add expense. Yet, after 
comparing them with a base burner they 
are not very expensive after all. 

Many carpenters will undoubtedly say, I 
can build any kind of a home any one 
wants, I care not how difficult the plan may 
be I can build anything they can pay for, 
but I can not build one of any kind at all 
for myself for I have not the money, which 
is probably true, yet perhaps there is no 
one else in the world that can build a home 
as easy and as cheap as the carpenter. 

A little home out in the outskirts of the 
town where the land is cheap and there is 
plenty of room to raise poultry, garden, and 
fruit will soon pay for itself if properly at- 
tended to, and if you are lucky enough to 

be able to get hold of a good lot to build 
on right in the very best part of town the 
increased value of the lot alone has often 
amounted to more than the price of a cheap 

I wish I could live to see the day when 
every carpenter has his family nicely housed 
in his own home, so that every thirty days 
he would not have to dig down and just 
practically throw away his rent money. 
When that day comes when every carpen- 
ter has a good home of his own, with 
poultry and fruit and garden, so he can 
have chicken, eggs, apples, pears, grapes 
and other fruit and garden ' ' sass ' ' when 
ever he wants it, then the day will be at 
hand that the carpenter will be just a little 
more independent and can go out and de- 
mand his rights and insist upon them until 
they are granted and not be starved out in 
the struggle. 

No, there is nothing in the . world that 
makes life worth living like home building; 
if there were no homes there would not be 
much to live for, would there? 

The entire value of a good home can 
never be estimated, it is of such value that 
I hope every union carpenter will realize it, 
and make his plans and not always spend 
all his time building homes for others, but 
at an early date build his own home, and 
live long to enjoy it and be happy and inde- 

He Knew, All Right. 

An Irishman out of work applied to the 
"boss" of a large repair shop in Detroit. 
When the Celt had stated his sundry and 
divers qualifications for a "job" the super- 
intendent began quizzing him a bit. Start- 
ing quite at random, he asked: 

"Do you know anything about carpen- 


"Do you know how to make a Venetian 


"How would you do it?" 

"Shure, I'd poke me finger in his eye!" 
— Woodworkers' Review. 

He is all fault who hath no fault at all- 
Lancelot and Elaine. 

2ln 6io 23eamten unb ITCitgltebet aller 

£ofal lluioucn ber Deretmgten 

8r fiber fd} aft. 

VI tic 2oIaI4tnioncit, beren SBeamten unb 
Sfitglieber, jinb Inermit baran ertnnert, bafj 

bic fiinfgcljnte Wcucrat=.Sioubcution ber 
SBereinigten SBriiberfd^aft ber Qimmerleute 
unb SBaufdjreiner bon Stmerila, narfjftcn 
September in ©alt 2a!e Eitt), Utalj, gufcrnu 
mentreten loirb. 2§ totrb bie--> bic crftc 
Sonbention fein bic ivir mi eincm Drte be§ 
fernen SBeften'S abfjaltcn toerben unb au§ 
biefem ©runbe allcin fdjou toare cs feljr gu 
toimfdjen, ba{5 mo mogfid) cine jebe £ofat= 
Union bicfc fionbention befdjicfe unb bic S3er» 
tretung anf berfefben cine saljlrcidic fei. 
ge grower bie SBeteifigung jc grower bic 9ftog= 
[iajleit alk Sfngelegenljeiten mit benen fid) 
eine fionbention 311 befaffen fiat, 31a- 3 U * 
friebenfjeit ?fttcr 3U erlcbic3en. 

Unb ofjnc Qloeifef, biefe unferer Sofal* 
Union njiinfdjcn baf3 bicfer ober jencr SJ5ara« 
grabf) unferer ©cnerafsSonftitution berati* 
bert merbc, ober toimfdjen gufch-se borgu* 
fdjlagen. 5Eatfad)Iidj ift jc^t fdjon eine Ur= 
abfrimmung iibcr ein Sfmenbcment 311 Sets 
tion 137 im ©ange. 2Ba§ uufcre Sonftitu* 
Hon aubetrifft fo ift c§ bringenb nottoenbig 
baf3 bicfelbc fo abgefafjt ober amenbirt toer= 
be, bag fief) affe 5f>aragrapf)cn gegenfeitig 
becfeu unb ergangen. Safe SBieberfjoIungen 
ber SBeftimrirungen ober guriidtgreifen auf 
bicfclben bei ein unb bemfcf&cn ©egenftanb, 
roa§ immer berlriirreub luirft, bermieben 
toerben unb ber SSSortfaut ber .fionftitution 
fo cinfadj unb f[ar fei, baf; er jcbcm fiinbe 
bcrftanbficfj ift. 

3m Scrufe ber fefeten jtoei %at)ic ift unfer 
©eneraf=^rctfibent bon biefen ©citcn unb 
faft fortrooiljrcnb urn bragifere ?fu§(cgung 
ber 23cftimmungen unferer ©eneraf==Sorifti= 
turion angegangen unb crfurfjt toorben in 
feiner SluSIegung bie fdjrocrfaffigen Umfdjrci* 
bungen bie in unferer je&igeu fionfritution 
ju finbeu finb, 3U bermeiben unb eine ber= 
ftcinbtidje ©bradje 311 gebraucfjen. 2)te§ 

iolltc bic i'ofal Uiiioncn nub UVitgliebcr bon 
ber i'lotii'cnbigteii tibergeugen unfere flon« 
iiitution fo abgufaffen, baft iibcr ben ©inn 
ber berfefjiebenen SSeftimmungen nub bic 
il)ncn innetoofjnenbe i'lbfirfit fein ;',iocifci 
mctjr auffommen Faun. 

SMc ijcit 3itr (irnuigiing bicfer Sfngefegen- 
bcit ift mm gefommen unb nlle 2ofaf=Union 
fofftcu nnbergiigfidj in cine ®i@fuffion iiBer 
biefelben cintrctcn. 

©obatb eine 2ofaf4tnion fief) iibcr ein 
?(menbement ober Siifafe gur ©eneralsflon* 
iritution cinig getoorben unb bariiber S3e« 
fdjfufj gefafjt bat, foffte ber fflencrnl = 3cfrc= 
tar bnbon bcunrbridjtigt toerben, bamit foldje 
StmenbementS ober Jjiifcifee in unferem of* 
fi3ieffcn ^ournafe beroffenttidjt unb gur 
McnntniS unferer gaugen Sftitgticbfdjaft gc= 
braclit toerben fonucn um bcrfelbcn ©clcgcu» 
bcit ',u gefien bicfc fionfritiitiousbcraubcnins 
gen ifjrerfeitS 311 erorten unb ficb bariiber 
3U auf3ern. 

SWit ber SSeroffentfitfjung ber bcreit§ cin= 
gefaufenen, ober bon nun an cinlaufenbcn 
VfrnenbementS ober ^ufcrfeen, mirb in ber 
iWaisJIummer be§ journals begonnen mers 
ben; ebenfo mit ber SSerb'ffentlicfjung bon 
ctroa beigefiigtcn (Jrtlarungcn ober ©rtau- 

Sie ffotalsUniouen finb bicrmit aufgcfor= 

bert fid) ofjne 8>er3ug mit biefen unb aUcu 

anberen Sfngefcgenfjeiten 311 befaiien bic bon 

ber nricf)ftcn Sonoention erfebigt toerben fo(= 

ten unb bic ,snangriffnn()ine bicfer <5ai)c 

nicfjt auf3ufd)icben bi§ e§ 311 fpat ift. (£§ 

foffte nidjt mefjr borfommen, lute e§ friifjer 

gefdfjaf), bafj Stmcnbement§ 3itr Sonftitution 

erft toafjrenb ber Sagung ber .ftonbention 

cingebradit roerben, bie bann gcrobfinfidj ofjnc 

ibnen bie ?fufmerffamfcit unb ©orgfatt 311 

tnibmen bie ifjnen gebiibrt, unb bic tfjnen ge= 

mibmet roorben toare toenn fie borfjer ber« 

bffentfiebt loorben toaren, in ber Eife abge» 

fcrtigt toerben. SBir bitten bab,er affe ?fmcn= 

bcmentS ober p,ufcnje gur fionftitution ober 

etioaige anbere S3orfcf)fage fdjfeunigft gur 


'•I>crbffentlidjung im „Sarbentcr" eingufen* 
ben unb bie tjierin entljaltenen Stntoeifungen 
geroiffcnfjaft gu Befolgen. 

3Kit Srubergrufg, 
g r a n i © u f f tj, ©en. ©e£. 

Die (Drgantfatton ber 2Xrbeiter in 
ernftlidjer (Sefafyr. 

©ie in tester 3 e it gegen Strbciterorgani^ 
fationen gefdllten Sntfdjeibungungen bet 
OBergeridjte finb fo ungetjeuerlidje unb nun 
fo grower Sragtoeite bafg, obfdjon bie 2lfbei= 
terbreffe Bereitg eingeljenb boriiBer 6eridjtet 
{fat, nrir bod; nidjt uinf)in fonnen ung audj 
an biefer ©telle in einigen fflBorten bariiber 
gu dufgern unb auf bie (Situation bie burdj 
biefe Sntfdjeibungen gefdjaffen ift aufmerl* 
fam gu madjen. 

3u Befferem SBerfidnbnig unferer StugfitB,' 
rungen toollen hrir biefe Sntfdjeibungen in 
furgcn SBorten Ijier anfu^ren: 

Sim 18. ©egemfier b. & fdllte bag Ober* 
geridjt be§ ©iftrifteg Solumbia eine Snt* 
fdjeibung im gaBe ber 23ud'g ©tone & Dtange 
So. gegen bie Stmerican geberation. of Sa- 
Bor unb i^re 93eamten, toorin 9tidjter ©oulb 
ben ®Iagern einen SinbalrgBefcIjI gegen bie 
SJerHagten Beluiliigte, unb in tbeldjem eg Ie^= 
teren ber&oten ift fernerljin, toeber burd) 
©rud, Briefllidj ober miinblidj, bie Satfadje 
Betannt gu madjen, baf3 bie 23urf'g ©tobe & 
Stange So. mit ben organifirten SlrBeitern 
in gel)be liegt unb befeljalB bon jeneu als 
„unfair" betradjtet mirb. @§ begog fid) bie* 
feg SBerbot in erfter fiinie auf bie im gebe= 
rationigt, bem offigieKen Organ ber SI. g. 
of 2., beroffentlidjten, „2Be ©on't 5)Satron= 
ige" Sifte, bie nun aud) au§ bem gebera» 
tionigt entfernt Itmrbe, entfernt tocrben mu)V 
te, foeil bie ©efaljr natje lag, bafg audj an* 
bere in biefer Sifte aufgefiitjrten girmag 
ebeufaltg ben ©erid)t§Sneg gur Srlangung 
dfinlidjer SinfjattgBefeBIc Betreten tbnnten. 

Sine anbere biefer tiirglidj gefdllten Snt= 
fdjeibungen ift bie beg OberBunbeggeridjteg 
in tneldjet ein bom borjafyrigen .ffongrefj an= 
genommeneg StrBeitgeber = £>aftbflidjtgcfc£, 
tneldjeg berfiigie, bafg Sifenbaljnangeftente 
ober iljre Slugeljbrigen Bei UngliidSfallen gu 
Sntfdjdbigung beredjtigt fein follten, alg un= 
fonftitutioneft ertldrt iuirb. 

Sim 3ten gebruar b. Q. nun, gab ba§ 
©berbunbeggeridjt, in bem gaHe ber £>uU 

firma fioetoc & So. bon SanBurt), Sonn., 
gegen bie Unitcb §atter§' Union eine ber 
SSer. ©taaten^Rouftirution §of)n fbred^enbe 
Sntfdjeibung a&. SlrBeiterorganifationen 
Incrben in biefer Sntfdjeibung bem foges 
nannten ©IjermansSefe^ unter — unb ben 
£ruft§ gleid) — gefteKt. gcrner erftart 
biefe Sntfdjeibung bie 33crBangung et= 
ne§ S3ot)IottS iiber cine Unternerjmer^ 
firma al§ ungefe^Iid). gaft gur fcIBen 
Beit aBer eutfdjicb baSfelbe OberBunbeg* 
gerid)t in enbgiiltiger Srlebigung einer, bon 
einem SifenbaljnangcfteUten, gegen cine 
Sifenbatiniombagnie auljdngig gemadjte Ma= 
ge, iroett il)n biefe Inegen feiner 8 U 3 C:! 
Borigfeit gu feiner @ett>erf3organifation ent* 
taffen B^atte, baf5 ba§ gii^ren bon fdjmargen 
SiftenS feitenS Itnternefimer, alfo ber 23ol;= 
fott gegen Union=8lrBeiter, gefe^Iictj fei. 

^nbem bag Dbergerid;t be§ ®iftritt§ So* 
lumbta ben S8ot)f'ott, toenn bon einer 2lrBei* 
terorganifation berB,iingt algungefe^lid|,aber 
ba§ 23ot)tottbcrfaI)ren bon Itnterne^meru in 
©cene gefe^t, al§ gefc|Iid) erttart, Beftatigt 
e§ bie bon ben borgefdjritten Strbeitern 
langft erfannte SEatfadje, bafg bie ©eridjtg; 
barfeit biefeg SanbeS mit gmeierlei 2)Jaf3e 
mifet, bafg bem armen Strbeiter nidit bicfel= 
ben 9ted)te geroaB,rt inerben bie ber reidie 
ITCann, ber Unternetjmer, ber Sapitalift, in 
auggiebigfter 2Beife geniefgt. ®ie Stidjter 
bie biefe Sntfdjeibung gefaHt, Baben fid) ba= 
burd) alg §anblanger Jabitafiftifdier 3"= 
tereffen unb alg geinbe ber SIrbeiter ermie* 

2j£|re Sntfdjeibung ift ein unerprter Sin= 
griff in bie bon ber SSer. ©taaten«Sonftitus 
tion garantirten 5prefg unb 9tebefreib,eit. 
©urd) fie roirb bie ebenfaKg garantirte 
Sereingfreib^eit iHuforifdj gemadjt. ©enn, 
follte biefe Sntfdjeibung gu Siedjt Beftctjcn 
unb nur ber fi'ongref; tann B^ier Stemebur 
fdjaffen, fo fonnen bie ©eroertbereine ferner« 
Bin nidjt einmat itjre regutdren ©efdjdfte 
abmideln. S^en SKitgliebern Betannt gu 
geben, bafg biefer ober jener UnterneB^mer bie 
Drganifation Betampft ober bie llnionregeln 
berte^t, toare eine gefe^hsibrige Jjaubtung 
berentljalben eine Union roegen SOJifgadjtung 
bcr ©eridjtg Belangt roerben fbnnte. Unb 
bodj ift eine foldje Sefanntmadjung abfotut 
notmenbig um eg gu berljinbcrn, bafg bie 
SJIitgtieber itjrerfeitg, biefe Dtegeln, burdj 
^narbeittreten Bei einem UntcnieBmer ber 
„unfair" ift unluiffenttidj beric^en. 

2>ie fyrcunbc ber HtBcitet bon ber jjeint) 
feligfeii eineS UntetnetjmerS in RenntniS gu 
fefeen, ober iiui- Stnnpaicjie in bem BfoIIe an 
jurufen, iit mid) bet Erlaffung beS SinljaUS 
befecjles ganglidj au3gefd)Ioffen. 

Tic llnfouitiiiiiioiieliertlarung beS auf 
Eifenbal)nFompagnien unb iljre viugcjtcdtcu 
bejiiglidjen $aftpflid)tgefe4$e£ iii ein noeiteret 
SMidfdjriti in ber Sttbeitetfdjmjgefefcgebuug 
biefeS SanbeS in lueldjet Sic S8er. Stanlcu, 
fo tote fo, nodj toeii biutct europaifdjen, unb 
ba;u monard)tfd)en Cdnbem, gitriicf ftcbcu. 

SBotjI Ejaben loir and) f) i e v ftaatlicrje §aft* 
pfliditgcfcbc, abet tote tofe biefelben gerjanb* 
(jabi toetben unb mie fdiuicr e§ bem befdja* 
bigten ober beruhgliicften STtbettet ober bcfs 
fen Sfagetjoxigen gelnorjnlid) I)alt ©djabenet* 
fa(j 311 etlangen, ift ja maniiiglidi bcfannt. 
(Sbenfo, baft ftdj bic llutcrucljmcr gegen in ©efeHfdjaften bcr= 
fidjeri ejaben, bic menu roirflidj cine Mage 
311 Ungunften bc§ llnietnerjmcrS auSfctflt, 
fiir bie <£ntfdjabtgimg§fumnTe auffommen 
unb bcf;l)alb in bcu ©etidjten alle erben!* 
lidjen finiffe dntoenben urn cine STbtoeifung 
bet Silage 311 crmirtcn. 

Sic am 3tcn Jebruar gefiiHte Kntfdjeis 
bung beS Oberbunbc3gcridite» fdildgt nun 
bem gafj gang unb gar ben 33oben au§. 

28ie fdjon oben bemreft, fcjat baS O&etbuhs 
beSgeridji entfdjieben, bafe baS Sljcrmanifdjc 
3TntU!£ruft?@efefe and) auf ©etoertbereine 
anmcubbar fei. Semrtad) roare alfo ein ©e= 
roerfberein, obfdjon ein fotdjer feineriei 
SBaare 311 berfaufen t)at unb obfdjon beffen 
2HitgIiebet nidjts nubcreS 3U SWarttc bringen 
fbnen al§ irjre Sfrbeitvfraft, ein ,,'Xruft." 

©ie gabrilanten unb Sttbeitgeberorgam* 
fationen (jaben fid) fd)ou feit SJnfang ibre-J 
s i'cfte[)cn^ bemitljt cine baljingcbeubc unb 
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