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Full text of "Cartae et alia munimenta quae ad dominium de Glamorgancia pertinent"

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^lia JEunim^ttta 

qua> ab 

Bnmtnium ht O5lam0rganria 

perttnent. 

VOL. II. 

MCXCVI— Circ. MCCLXX. 



fal50arn, 1910. 



ffiartiiff: 

PRINTED BY WILLIAM LEWIS, DUKE STREET. 

MDCCCCX. 



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Pages 225 to 712. 
Charters ccxix to dcliv. 



225 



CCXIX. 

THE CHAETER BY BISHOP HENRY, CONCEDmG TO MAEGAN 
THE CHUECH AND CHAPELS OF KENEFEG, PAYING TO 
TEWKESBUEY TEN MAEKS PEE ANNUM. 

[CoTTON MSS. Cleop. A. VII., fol. 86 b.] 1196—1218. 

Carta H. Landavensis episcopi concedentis domui de Morgan ecclesiam de 
Kenefec eum capellis terris et omnibus pertinentiis suis assensu et peticione W. 
abbatis et' conventus Theok' solvendo domui Theok' annuatim x. marcas ; 
qiiinque infra octavam Pasche et qiiinque infra octavam Sancti Michaelis. 

As Kiug Jolm's Cliarter 13 silent as to this matter, it jjrobably came between 12(.I5 and 121S. 

Kenetec is Kenfig, in Pyle, the parish next south of Margam, and which reaches the sea-shore. Much of 
it has long been covered up with drift sand, but vmder the Normans the village was a borough town, and 
the parish part of the demesne of the Chief Lord. A sleuder remain of its ancient Castle rises tbrough 
the sand, and it is celebrated for its pool. It is also a contributory parliameutary borough to .Swansea, or 
recentiy n-as, bnt this was soleiy in compliment to its former prosperity. 



ccxx. 

GEANT BY NICHOLAS PUINZ TO MAEGAM OF LAND 
IN THE FEE OF LLANGEWI. 

[Margam Charter.] 1196 — 1218. 

Omuibus Sancte ecclesie filiis p. e. f. Nicholaus Puinz salutem. 

Sciatis quod ego pro animabus antecessorum meonim . et pro anima domini 
mei . WiLi.ELMi comitis concessi et dedi et hac carta mea confirmavi Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte M. de Margam et monaehis qui ibidem Deo serviunt iu puram et 
perpetuam elemosinara totum jus raeum quod claraavi adversus Da\'id Scurlag 
in feudo de Langewi . quietum in perpetuum pro me et heredibus meis sine uUo 
retinemento michi vel heredibus meis. Salvo servitio domini comitis. Et ut hec 
donatio mea rata et inconcussa permaneat in etemum . idem jus meum in 

2 D 



226 



prenoniinato feudo dc Lancewi in pleno comitatu de Kaerdif pro me et 
heredibus meis quiete absque uUo retinemento salvo servitio domini comitis . 
resiguavi et sigilli mei attestatione confirmavi tam monachis quam Da\-id et 
heredibus ejus. His testibus Domino Henrico Landavensi episcopo . Hamundo 
de Vai,' . tunc Baillivo de Glamorgancie . Radulfo de Sumeri . Henrico de 
Umfraunvil' . Philippo de Marcros . Pagano de Turbervil' . Waltero 
de SuL . "WiLLELMO Martel . EoGERO de WiNTONiA . JoHANNE de la Mare . 

RiCARDO FlANDRENSI . WlLLELMO FlANDRENSI . WlLLELMO SoR . GlLLE- 

BERTo de Turbervil' . Radulfo Mailoc. 

Seal in dark green wax, Ifin. diara. Device, a dexter arm, from the sinister 
side, graspiug a flowering lily. 

Legend — ' + sigillum nicholai pontii.' 

Eudorsed — * Nich : Puinz.' 



OCXXI. 

CONFIRMATION by henry, bishop of llandaff, to 

MARGAN OF THE TITHES OF KENFEG, etc. 

[Margam Charter.] 1196—1218. 

. Universis Sanete Matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit. 
H. D. g. Landavensis episcopus salutem . gratiara Dei et benediccionem. 

Justis petentium desideriis animo nos decet benigno coudescendeie . et ea 
etfectu debito complere. Inde est quod nos paci et utilitati tam domus 
Theokesbirie quam domus de Margan . in posterura providentes . concessimus 
domui de Margan . omnes proprias decimas suas in parrochia do Kenefeg . 
uociion et oranes garbarum decimas que pertinent ad ecclesiam de Kknefeg . et 
ad omues cupellas ejusdem ecclesie . in peiiietuura possidendas. Concessimus 
insuper prefute doraui de Margan onines terras ad dictam eoclesiiira ot ad 



227 



predictas eapellas pertiuentes imperpetuum possidendas. Eeddendo inde annu- 
atim domui de Theoicesbiria . decem marcas . in capitulo de Theokesbiria. 
Et domuB de Theokesbiria retinuit iii manu sua curam de spiritualibus . 
altaragiimi . et jus presentandi vicariimi in eandem ecclesiam . et- omnia ad 
dietam ecclesiam pertinentia preter prefatas terras et deeimas. Domus etiam de 
Theokesbiria . per se vel per vicarium suum nobis et successoribus nostris pro 
sinodalibus et ceteris universis ad jus episcopale pertinentibus respondebit . et ue 
hec nostra perpetua confii-matio malignantium improbitate possit infringi vel 
decursu magni temporis in dubium devocari . eam presenti scripto mimimus . et 
sigilli nostri appositione roboramus. Hiis testibus Wrgan' archidiacono Landa- 
VENSi . Magistro Mauricio filio ejus . Magistro Waltero eapellano domni 
episcopi . Magistro Radulpho Mailok. 

Two seals — botb lost. 

Endorsed — ' Confirmatio Episcopi de terra et decimis ecclesie de Kenefeg.' 

CCXXII. 

CHENETHER OR CNAYTHUR, SON OF HERBERT, AND HIS 
BRETHREN GRANT TO MARGAM LAND NEAR THE 
WELL OF ULF. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 32.] Circa 1189. 

Sciant omnes quod ego Chenether et fratres mei scilicet Blethin . W. 
Chenwrec . Riderec . dedimus abbatie de Margan in perpetuam elemosinam 
liberam et quietam ab omni servitio et seculari «^'xactione quandam partem terre 
nostre habentem metas istas. Ab oriejite viani que vadit a vado fontis Ulfi 
versus montana et ab occidente proximimi rivuhim descendentera de bosculo. Ab 
austro vero rivulum magnum . in ahqua parte interposita terra de Margan. Ab 
aquil[one] antem lapides in signum mete positos. Testibus . frater Meilerus 
heremita . frater Jordanus . frater Hugo . frater Ricardus conversi . [Urbanus] 



228 



archidiaconus . cujus sigillum huic carte dependet. W. supprior . et W. infir- 
marius qui audienmt eos jurai'e. 

Endorsed — ' Oarta filiorum Hereberti De parte quadam terre sue quam nobis 
dederunt.' and — ' Carta Cuaythur et foatrum ejus de terra sua.' 

Two seals in brown wax. 

1 . Pointed oval 1 Jin. by |in. diam. A dester hand and vested arm with 
long tassels from the wrist, holding a pastoral staff . 

' + SIGILL' ABB DE NETH'.' 

2. Pointed oval 2in. by Igin. diam. A dove displayed with winge inverted. 

' + SIGILLV . URBANI . ARCHIDIAc' . LANDAVIE.' 

It is interesting to note that the Abbot of Neath has sealed this Charter. 



CCXXIII. 

GRANT BY HENEY, ABBOT OF GLOUCESTER, TO CRADOO 
AND HIS BROTHER JOHN, OF LAND IN TREYGOF. 

[Carttu."'- S« Petri. Glouc. Vol. II. p. 137.] 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Henricus, Dei gratia abbas et eonventus 
Sti Petri Gloucestri^, concessimus Oradoco et Joh.inni fratri ejus duodecim 
aoras terrae cum pertinentiis, seilicet cum prato et messuagio adjacentibus in villa 
nostra de Treygof, qufB jacent in australi parte juxta terram quoe dicitur 
Pistei.i.onde ; tenendas et habendas de nobis, sibi et haeredibus suis, libere et 
quiete; reddondo nobis inde annuatim ad festum Sti Michaelis duos solidos 
Bterlingorum. Predicti vero Oradocus et Johannes frater ejus juramentum 
nobis pnjostiterunt, quod fideles erunt eeclesise nostrse, et maxime de solvendo 
redditu nostro plenarie termino statuto ; et quod uec artem nec ingenium 
exquirent, unde domus nostra per tenuram suam damnum incurrat ; et quod 
prediotam terram noque vendent neque excambient, ueque in vadimonium ponent, 
neo alicui in feodum et hsereditatem tradent, neque ad aliura looum religionis 



229 



transferent, sine assensu nostro. Eandem securitatem nobis faoient hseredes sui 
cum singuli sibi succedent. Predicti autem Cradocus et Johannes frater ejus, 
et eorum haeredes, salvo conducent ad boscum, et cum carris et carretis nostris de 
Tretgof, quotiens servientes nostros de Treigof, sive pro meremio sive pro 
focalibus, ibidem accedere contingat. Et quotiens averia nostra et porcos nostros 
, ejusdem manerii ad dictum boscum mittimus ad pascendum, totis viribus suis 
debent dicta averia et dictos porcos nostros defendere, et nos indemnes conservare, 
ne pro defectu suo per insultus aliquorum Walensium diripiantur. Ipsi vero et 
hseredes eorum ouriam nostram de Treygof sequentur. Et tam ipsi quam eorum 
hseredes, qui de dicta terra aliquam habuerint portionem, cum singidi sibi 
Buccedent, respondebunt nobis singulatim de herietis suis. Quod si ipsi et hseredes 
eorum de predicto redditu et predictis servitiis nobis integre et sine fi-aude non 
responderint, licebit nobis dictam terram capere, et tenere, donec de dicto redditu 
nostro, ima cum arreragiis tam redditus nostri quam servitiorum prediotorum, 
nobis plenarie satisfecerint. In eujus rei testimonium praesens scriptum in 
modum cyrographi inter nos confectum est, cujus unam partem, sigillo ecclesiae 
uostrae munitam, eis tradidimus, alteram vero partem, sigillis ipsorum roboratam, 
penes nos retinuimus. Hiis testibus. 

CCXXIV. 
GEANT BY MOEADUTH OE MOEEDUC AP CAEADOC TO 
MAEGAM ABBEY, ON HIS EECEPTION INTO FEATEENITY, 
OF PEOTECTION IN GENEEAL, EASEMENTS IN HIS 
WOOD FOE LANTMEUTHIN GEANGE, etc. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B 28.] S.D. 

Omnibus Sancte eeclesie fiUis Moradutu filius Karadoci salutem. Sciatis 
quod quoniam receptus sum in plenara fratemitatem domus de Margan timc 
recepi et ego domum ipsam et omnia que ad ipsam spectant et maxime grangiam 



230 



illorum de Lantmexjthin cum omnibus catallis et pertinentiis suis in eustodia 
et jjrotectione mea siout propria oatalla mea. Et tuno concessi et dedi assensu 
uxoris mee Nest et heredimi meomm pro salute animo mee et Karadoci patris 
mei et uxoris me^ Nest et omnium antecessorum meorum eidem domui in 
perpetuam elemosinan aisiamenta in bosco meo in usus grangie sue de 
Lantmeuthin quantumcunque opus habuerint ad meirimnium et ad focalia . et 
communem pasturam terre me6 quantumcunque opus habuerit iu usus ejusdem 
grangie ad boves et equos et porcos et animalia pascualia. Et hoc totum 
warentizabunus eis et aquietabimus ego et heredes mei ut habeant et teneant 
hoc totum libere et quiete ab omni seculari servicio et consuetudine et omni 
exactione sicut ulla elemosiua liberius teneri potest. Et quando eis hanc 
donationem feci dederunt michi monachi predicte domus de Morgan . c . solidos 
karitatis intuitu. His testibus . Henea sacerdote . Willelmo sacerdote de 
Sancta Jviata . Domina Nest uxore predicti Moraduth . Kenewrec filio 
Madoc . Madoc filio Kadugan . Isc Sedan . Rogeko filio Wiawan . Cuelin 
portario. 

A fine seal in red wax : a spiral branch of arabesque foilage, terminating in a 
fleur-de-lis in the centre of the design. 

Legend — ' + sigillvm . moredvc . filii . caradoci.' 

Endorsed — ' Oarta Moreduch de husbote et hegbote.' 

CCXXV. 

FTNAL CONCOED SETTLING THE ESTATE OF RICHARD DE 
CARDIF IN NOVA-VILLA, OR NEWTON, AND ST. HILARY, 
CO. GLAM., AND ELSEWHERE, UPON HIS DAUGHTERS 
AMAJilLIS AND HADWISIA. 

[P.R.O. Fines Div. Comitat., Ric. I.] 1197. 

Hee ost tinalis concordia facta in curia domini Regis apud Westmonasterium 
die Voneris proximo post octavas Sti Hilarii anno regni Regis Ricardi octavo 



231 



coram H. Cantuak . archiepiscopo magistro Thoma de Husseborne Willelmo 
de Warrene Eicardo de Heriet Johanni de G-ostlinges justiciariis et aKis 
fidelibus domini Regis ibidem tuno presentibus inter Thomam de Bavis et 
Hadwisiam uxorem suam petentes per eundem Thomam virum suum positum 
' loco suo ad luerandum vel perdendum et Thomam de Sanford et Amabilem 
uxorem suam tenentes per eundem Thomam de Sanford vii"um suum positum 
loco suo ad luoranduni vel perdendum de medietate trium parcium feodi unius 
militis in Toppesfeld et medietatem quarte partis feodi unius militis in 
G-RANCENDEN et medictatem feodi j militis in Hameledenn et medietatem quarte 
partis feodi unius militis in Nova-Villa de Glanmorgan et medietatem feodi 
j militis in Glanmorgan de Sancto Hilario et medietatem trium hydarum et 
unius virgate terre cuin pertinenciis in Haiston quas [Ricardus de] Cardif pater 
predictarum Amabilis et Hadwisie tenuit. TJnde placitum fuit inter eos in 
prefata curia soilicet quod tota predicta terra de Nova-Villa de Glanmorgan 
et tota terra de Hameledenn et totum servicium de Grancenden et tote tres hyde 
et j virgata terre cum pertinenciis in [Haiston] remanent prenominato Thome de 
Sanford et Amabili uxori sue ut primogenite et heredibus suis impei'petuum. 
Et tota predicta terra de Toppesfeld cum pertinenciis et tota predicta terra de 
Sancto HiLARio cum pertinenciis quas predictus Ricardiis de Cardif tenuit 
remanent prenominato Thome de Bavis et Hadwisie uxori sue ut primogeuite. 
Salvis de Toppesfeld tres partes feodi unius militis et de villa Sancti Hilarii 
dimidium feodi imius militis. 

EssEX Glanmorgan Surrey. 

St. Hilarv, containing half a fee, was probably a, part of the de Cardifl: property, and Williaui de St. 
Hilary, who, in 1149 — 1183, vvas seut by Bishop Nicholas to take seiaiu o( the Church, rated at lOOs. 
against the Abbot ot Gloucester, was no doubt the Incumbent. In 1197 the half fee was held by Thomas 
de Bavis and Hadwise, his wife. oue of the co-heirs of Richavd de Cardiff. The half-f ee descended to Elias 
Basset, who is supposed to havt? married the heiress of some intervening family. The half-fee was then 
yalued at x. lib. 

There was a Stephen de St. Hilary, who received f rom Alux. Adam, son and heir of Phi.ip de L.iudoch, 
a quitclaim for 7s. 6d., aud who, in 1197 or 1272, conTcyed to Mvlo de Regnny three acres of arahlc land at 
Langeton, in Landoch. Steplien. iu 1205, had a suit against Herbert de St. Quintin for ,i teuemeut held by 



232 



Stephen in Lanblethyan. William and Walter de St. HUary tested Charters in the thirteenth century. 
Frobably they ivere in Orders. The Bassets inheiited the impropriation o£ the Churcli iu 1537, uud linally, 
with John Mathews, jioesibly a trnstee, in lfi07. 

The liords of Glamorgan, down to the Clares, did not admit of appeals to the King'8 Courts, and strove 
hard against the growing encroachment of the Sovereigns. John, however, High Lord of Glamorgan, 
expected to beoome King, and took a diiTerent view, hence the recoi-ding of the present fine, and the 
conservation of the record at Westminster, during the period when John was Lord of Glamorgan. 

The eighth part of a fee ' in Nova-Villa,' is in Newton, near Bridgend, and the halt-fee to 3t. Hilary. 
It shews that Richard de Cardiff, the owner of the land specified, was father of Anabel and Hadwise, 
who married, the one Thomas de Sanford, and the other Thomas Bavis. Bavis is thought by Mr. Floyd 
to be aucestor of Eoger de Bavent, who, about 1345 [Abb. Orig. Plac. Ififi b, and RoUs of P. II. 147], gave 
Colwinston to Edward III., by whom it was granted to Dartford Nunnery. This is the ouly trace of Bavis 
or Bavent contiuuing to hold land iu the County. The Sanfords had continued to hold Xewtou, as will 
afterwards be sliewn. 



CCXXVI. 

GEANT BY THADEEEECH, DAUGHTEE OF KETHEEIC DU, TO 
MAEGAM, OF LAND IN THE FEE OF PEITEUIN. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1197. 

Universis Sanote ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris ad quos presens scriptum 
pervenerit Thadf.rech filia Ketherici Du . salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra me eousilio et consensu GrOLOUDETH sororis mee et 
heredum et parentum meorum concessisse et dedisse et presenti carta confirmasse 
Deo et ecclesie Saucte Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus 
totam terram meam quam habui in feudo Peiteuin cum omnibus libertatibus et 
consuetudinibiis suis in puram ot pcrpetuam elemosinam habendam et touendam 
de me et heredibus meis imperpetuum. Hec omnia illis ooncessi ut habeant et 
teneaut libere et quiete . reddentes mihi annuatim omnibus diebus vite mee ad 
festum Sancti Michaelis dimidiam maream argenti pro omni servieio. Et post 
decessum meum heredibus meis ad predictum terminum tantummodo iiu"''' 
solidos . quia illos duos solidos et \iij'"'- donarios qui supersunt de dimidia marisa 
dedi monachis in obitu meo iu perpetuam elemosinam pro anima moa ot pro 
animabus patris et matris pai-entura et anteoessorum meorum. Et hoc sciendum 



233 



quod quando hane conventionem fecimus reoepi pre manibus a prefatis monachis 
totum redditum sex annorum . scilicet tres . marcas . argenti . ad purificationem 
beate Marie proximam post captionem Griffini filii Resi . His testibus . 
.domino H. Landavensi episcopo . et domino Willelmo de Brausa . Henrico 
de Penebr' . Urbano archidiacono . Jacobo priore de Margan . Willelmo de 
Liches' . Willelmo de Bedint' . monachis de Margan . et multis aliis. 
Endorsed — ' Oarta Thaderche filie Ketherici du.' 

For remarks on date of this Chartcr see Birch, Ilist. of Mar-i/am Abbey, p. 142, where it is attribiited 
to a later period. 



CCXXVII. 

GEANT BY KENWREIC, SON OF HERBERT, OF LAND IN 
KILLECULIM TO MARGAN. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1198. 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Kenewreic filius Herberti 
salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et consensu heredum et amicorum meorum concessisse et 
dedisse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo servi- 
entibus totam meam partem terre de Killeculim . scilicet quartam partem terre 
illius . in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . ut habeant et teneant eam liberam et 
quietam ab omni servicio et consuetudine et exactione seculari . sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius haberi et teneri potest. Et scieudum quod ego et heredes 
mei super sanctuaria prefat« ecclesie juravimus . quod si aliquod servicium vel 
redditus ad coquinam vel ad aliud aliquid requiratur de predicta terra . nos illud 
omnino adquietabimus . ut predicta donacio libera penitus et quieta prenominatis 
monachis remaneat. Set et omnes terras que sunt infra terminos predietonim 
monachorum seilicet inter Auene et Kenefeg abjuravimus imperpetuum. His 
testibus. Ernaldo constabulario de Kenefeg . Stephano clerico . Ricardo de 

2 E 



234 



DuNESTER . OsMERO OuuiAN . Alaithu filio Ithenard . Reso Coh . Ithel et 

E.ETHERECH filiis RlUL. 

Eudorsed — ' Oarta Kenwreic filii Herberti de parte Killeculim.' 

The land seems to liave been heUl liy service 'ad coijuinam' This is a peculiar instance of tenure 
attached to an office of the EarVs household. The establishment of the Lords of Glamorgan was after 
the royal pattern. 

OOXXVIII. 

EXEMPLIFICATION BY HENEY, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, OF AN 
AGREEMENT BETWEEN MARGAM AND WASTMIHANGEL, 
EUHATLAN, BRINHELENG, RIGEWARG, AND ORADOO SON 
OF BLETHER, OONOERNING ELEVEN YEARS' OROPPING 
OF LAND AT BRADINGTON. 

[B. M. Harl. Oharter, 75 A. 18.] 1199. 

H. Dei gratia Landavensis episcopus et capitulum de Landaf universis 
Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . salutem. 

Noveritis quod hec eonventio facta est inter monachos de Margan et Wastmi- 
HANGEL super quartam partem terre de Bradinctune et inter eosdem monachos 
et RuHATLAN Brinheleng et RiGEWARG supcr alia quarta parte teire de 
Bradinctune . et inter eosdem monachos et Oradoc filium Bletheri super 
alia quarta parte ejusdem terre de Bkadinctune . scilicet quod quando hii omnes 
prenoniinati quitam clamaverunt in elemosinam illam quartam partem terre 
predicte quam Rieredus filius Kenaf eis dedit in elemosinam . tunc dimiserunt 
et ipsi et quitum clamaverunt eisdem monachis quicquid juris clamaverunt in toto 
residuo predicte torre . scilioet unusquisque portionem suam que illum coutingebat 
ut ipsi monachi habeant et toneant eam sine omni retinemento libere et quiete ab 
omni seculari servitio et oonsuetudine et omni exactione sicut ulla terra liberius 
teneri potest usque in . xi. annos id cst douoc plenarie inde perceperint . xi. 
vestituras ita quod primam percipiat auuo ab incarnacione Domini m"- C- nono- 
gesiino . ix"- Et si contigurit aliquem prenominatonun mori ante predictum 



235 



terminim perimpletum . concesserunt et dederunt omnes simul totam partem ejus 
qui obierit predictis monachis in perpetuam elemosinam. Et hoc totum firmiter 
tenere et warentizare juraverunt ipsi coram nobis et plegios invenerunt . scilicet 

'Kradoc et luoK filius Worgani . et Morganum et Moraduth filios Karadoci . 
et G-RiFiN et Cadewatlan filios Iuor . et Cnaithur Janterel et Woru 
filiiiTTi ejus . et Adam filium Meileri et Cradoc Medicum et Ris filium 
JoHANNis et Luelin filium Rieredi. His testibus . Magistro Mauricio . 

, JoHANNE presbitero de Kenefec . Henrico de Hulle . Nicholao de Penclau 
tunc decano . Helia tunc decano . Nicholao Gobion. 
Two seals, imperfect, dark gi-een wax. 

1. The Bishop, usual type i . lan episcop .... Reverse, 

smaller pointed oval counterseal ; an angel with sword. 

' [+ seJcret' . henr' . landav' . epis[cop'].' 

2. Fii'8t ohapter seal ; view of the Cathedral from the north. 

' IGIL LESI . . , . ' 

Endorsed — ' Carta iiii'"'- Walensium sub sigillo Landavensis episcopi . et 
ecclesie de compositione ten-e de Bradetune.' 

In Mr. Stephen Williams' work on Strata Florida, see tlie text and translation of Harley Charter 
75 A. U, where the Abbot of Margan (Thomas) is appointed triistee of the Abbey of Strata Florida, 
1443. 

CCXXIX. 

THE SUIT BETWEEN PAGAN DE TUEBERVILLE AND WALTER 

DE SULLT, CONCERNING THE LAND OF COYTY AND 

VETUS VILLA IS TO AWAIT THE KING'S PRESENCE IN 

ENGLAND. 

[RoT. CuR. Regis. II. 45.] 13 Oct. 1199. 

Glamorgan. Loquela inter Paganum de Turbervilla et Walterum de 

SuLLY de terra de Coift et Veteri Villa ponitur in respeotum usque .... 

.... coram domino Rege cum venit in Anglia. Per preceptum domini Regis 

de ultra mare. 



286 



CCXXX. 

THE SUIT BETWEEN PAGAN DE TRUBLEVILLA AND WALTER 
DE SULIA IS TO AWAIT THE KING'S RETURN TO 
ENOLAND. 

[ROT. DE OliLATIS I. 27.] 1199. 

Dkvon. Wallia. Q-lanmokgan. Paganus de Trublevilla dat domino 
Regi X. marcas et unum dextrarium ut loquela quse est inter ipsum et Walterum 
de SuLiA de terra de Coitiff et de Veteri-Villa, sit iu respectum usque coram 
Domino cum venerit in Anglia. 

This relatea to a auit between Turberville of Coity and SuUy of SnUy concerning a Knighfs fee in 
Coity and land in Veteri-Villa. now Old Castle, in Bridgend. Both arc anxious for a decision. the one 
giving ten marcs aud a 'de.strier,' tlie other tweuty marcs and a horse [equus] for a hearing. 

The Turberville property lay about Coity, and it is unknown liow SuUy came to liave a clairu in that 
direotion. The suit was to be tried in the • Curia Regis,' not in the ■ Curia Comitatua.' Possibly John, as 
heir to tlie Crown, did not care to stand up for the right claimed by an ordinary Lord. 



CCXXXI. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY SIBILLA DE BONEVILL', WIDOW OF WILLIAM 
CITHAREDUS, TO MARGAM, OF LAND IN BONVILLESTON. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 36.] S.D. 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis lianc cartam visuris vel auditm'is Sibilla de 
Bonevill' salutem. 

Sciatis me consensu et consilio heredum et amicorum meorum iu libera 
viduitate mea dedisse et quitum clamasse totum jus meum et clamium quod 
habui erga dommu de Margan de duodecim acris ten'e arabilis et dimidia acra 
prati cum tofto et orofto in territorio de Bonevill'est' sicut carta Willelmi 
Citharedi viri mei quam eadem domus de Margan habet testatur. Reddendo 

inde annuatim ll' dimidiam libram cere ad festum Sancti Michaehs 

pro omni aervicio. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabinius prefate domui eandem 
iis inperpetuum. Hiis testibus . Martino tunc vicecomite de Q-i.a- 



237 



MOKGAN . WlLLELMO de ReIGNY . ReIMUNDO dc SuLYE MaILOC 

EicABDO presbytero de Bonevilest' . Roberto Samson' . Reimundo filio ejus 
Eogero de Landyltuit' . Willelmo de Cornely . et multis aliis. 

A round seal, of green wax, IJin. diam. Device, a harp. 

Legend — ' + sigillum . sibille . de . bonvil*.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Sibille de Bonevill' de xii. acris terre et dimidia prati cum 
tofto et orofto.' 

Robert Samson was probably a neighbour; his uame occurs in BoneTille Charters. 1217 — 1230, as do 
those of Radulf Mailoc. 1217 — 1260, Raimond de Sully, 1217, Richard, sacerdoa and presbyter ot 
Bonvilleston, 1260, ■Will. de Reigny, 1217. 

CCXXXII. 

GRANT BT EIERED, SON OF KENAF OR KENOH, TO 
MARGAN OF A FOURTH PART OF BRADINCTUNE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 24.] S.D. 

Omnibus Sanete eoclesie filiis presentibus et futuris . Rieredus filius Kenaf 
salutem. 

Sciatis me oonsilio et oonsensu sponse me^ Hiwerth et heredum meonim et 
amicorum et parentum meorum concessisse et dedisse et liao karta confirmasse 
Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus 
in elemosinam totam quartam partem terra de Bradinctune que me contingit 
cum omnibus pertinentlis suis ut habeant et teneant eam libere et qviiete ab omni 
seculari servitio et consuetudine et omni exactione in perpetuum sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et hoc totum firmiter tenere et warentizare 
juravimus ego Rieredus et sponsa luea Hiwtirth et ceteri amici mei quorum 
oonsilio et consensu hoc feci. Et plegios inveni dominum . H.' Landavensem 
episcopum . et capitulum ecclesie de L.4.ndaf . et vicecomitem de Kaerdif . et 
Ukbanum archidiaconum . et Cradoc et Jaior^ filios Worgani . et Morganum 
et Moraduth filios Kakadoci . et Kkiffin et Kadewatlan fihos Iuor . et 



238 



Knaithur Ianterel . et Wronu With filium ejus . et Adam filium Meileri . 
et Kethereh filium Ricardi . et Kradocum medioum. Et ego H. Landavensis 
episcopuB et totum capitulum ecelesie de Landaf confirmavimus donationem 
hanc sigillis nostiis peticione ejusdem Rieredi et benedictionem nostram dedimus 
servantibus eam . violantibus autem . dedimus maledictionem nostram. His 
testibus . WiLLELMO de Lichesfeld et Willelmo de Bedinctun' . et Henrico 
et Helia monachis de Margan . et Ricardo timc grangiario de Lantmeuthin 
et JusTiNO conversis de Margan . Nicholao de Penclau timc decano . 
Nicholao Q-obion . Rodberto de Bercorolos . Luca fratre episeopi . Magistro 
Mauricio . Johanne presbitero de Kenefec . Henrico de Hulle. 

Eound seal, dark green wax, l|in. diam. An estoUe or rosette of eight points. 
' + sigil' riered filii kenoh.' 

Endorsed — ' Riered filius Kenaf de Bradetune.' 

( I ) Henry, A.D. 1196—1218 ; or Elias, sometiines written Helias, A.D. 1230—1240. 
CyvvA^ , t-tf C<a.At<! (2) Or .Tuor. 

ccxxxin. 

GRANT BY THE SONS OF BLETHIN TO MARGAN OF 
LAND IN KILLECULLUM. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. IL] S.D. 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris . Wrunu . Meurik . et 
Resus filii Blethin salutem. 

Sciatis nos consensu heredum parentum et amicorum nostrorum concessisse et 
dedisse et hao presenti earta nostra oonfirmasse Deo et ecolesie Sancte Marie de 
Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo servieutibiis pro animabus nostris et anteces- 
sorum et sucoessorum nostrorum in puram et perpetuam elemosinam totam terram 
nostram de Killecullum . scilicet partera illam que fuit patris nostri Blethin 
oum omnibus aisiamentis et pertinentiis suis. Ut habeant et teneant eam libere 
et quiete ab omni servitio consuetudiue et oxaotiono seculari . sicut ulla clemosina 



239 



liberius et quietius potest teneri . excepto servitio quod antecessores nostri pro 
tanto tenemento solebant faoere ad coquinam comitis . scilicet vij. denarios . 
quos ipsi monachi persolvent quando fuerint requisiti. Et nos et heredes nostri 
hanc elemosinam nostram predicte domui contra omnes homines in perpetuum 
warentizabimus. Set et seiendum quod nos omnes terras quas ipsa domus de 
Margan possidet tam intra aquas de Avene et Kenefeg . quam extra abjura- 
vimus in perpetuum. Hiis testibus .. Waltero Ltjuel . Stephano clerico . 
Alaithur . Eeso Coch . Griffino filio Kanaith' . Ithel ab Riwel . et 
multis aliis. 

Three seals, dark green wax. 

1. A star of six leaves. 

' + zigill' meuric filii blethin.' 

2. Two triangles interlaced, enclosing a sunstar of nine wavy point» 
between six pallets. 

' + sigill' wrnu filii blethin.' 

3. A seeded fleur-de-Iis. 

' + SIGILl' REZI FILI HIN.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta filiorum Blethin' de Killecullum.' 

This 13 a good example of early Welsh oruamental haadwriting. (Vide No. CXCVI.) 

CCXXXIV. 

CONFIRMATION BY THB SONS OF CARADOC TO MARGAM OP 

LAND GIVEN BY CARADOC UERBEIS. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 29.] S.D. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptura pervenerit Margan et 
Kadawalan et Meriedoc filii Caradoci salutem. 

Sciat universitas vestra quod ego Margan scilicet et fratres mei Kadawalan 
et Meriedoc . communi assensu donationem eoncedimus et confirmamus quam 
Caradocus Uerbeis fecit Deo et Sancte Marie . et ordini Cisterniensi . et fratri 



240 



Meileko . et fratribus de Pendak . scilicet totam terram que jacet inter has tres 
aquas videlicet Frutsanant . et Cleudach . et Nantclokenig . in plano et in 
bosco qui boscus dicitur Hlowenroperdeit liberam et quietam et ab omnibus 
secularibus exactionibus inmunem. Hanc terram predictis fratribus a Oaradoco 
Uerbeis in pei-petuam datam elemosinam . ut libera inpei-petuum maneat et quieta 
sigilli nostri atestatione sanctimus et confii-mamus et ad eam ill^is] warezizandam 
et manutenendam contra omnes et ubique si emerserit necessitas posse nostrum 
prestabimus. Hujus confirmationis testes sunt . Kadaraut filius Eniau . Gtrunu 
filius Rewalan . Blethin filius Breauel . Seisil filius Weueric . Willelmus 
filius GruRGWENU . Hlewarh filius Jewaf . Mariedud filius GrURGAN . Dunewal 
filius Jewan . JusTiNUS filius Retherth. 

Two massy seals in i-ed wax, two incbes diam. chipped. 

1. A kuight riding to the proper left, the liebnet with uasal, shieki %vith 
spite. 

Legend— ' + sigill. cadw i . fi katoci.' 

2. A knight as above. 

Legend — ' + s ani . filii ci.' 

A fac-eimilc of Ihis Charter is given in Birch's IJht. of Margam Abbey. p. 1 1 . 



ccxxxv. 

NOTIFICATION BY WILLIAM, EARL OF GLOUCESTER, OF HIS 

GRANT TO MARGAM OF THE LAND OF BLAKESCERRA, 

IN EXCHANGE FOR 'i'HEIR LAND AT NOVUS BURGUS,^ 

Etc. 

[Margam Charter.] S.D. 

Carta W. comitis de terra de Blakescerra. 
WiLLELMUs comes Gloucestrie vicecomiti suo de Kardif . et omnibus 
baronibus suis et honiinibus Wallie . salutera. 



241 



Notum fiat vobis quod terram de Blakescerra . unde controversia est inter 
abbatem de Margan et Ricardum de Kardif donavi in puram elemosinam et 
perpetuam D. et B. M. et monachis de Margan . libere et quiete . sine omni 
seculari exactione . in excambium terre sue de Novo Burgo . midtis annis et 
plurimis diebus antequam Ricardus de Kardif ullam terram haberet in 
Wallia per me. Et ideo warantizo abbatie de Margan donationem quam eis 
feoi . RiCARDO autem de Kardif nichil dedi nisi hoc quod ibi tunc habui. 

Testibus . Hawisa comitissa Glocestrie . magistro Samsone . David 
capellano. 

(1). Novus Burgua liere is prohably Newton, within which Parish is Blakescerre. The Manor belonged 
to the Sandfords, and passed with their lieiress to the de Cardiifs. 

CCXXXVI. 
GRANT BY GILEBERTUS DE COSTENTIN TO ST. AUGUSTINE'S 
ABBEY, BRISTOL, OF PASTURE BETWEEN THE TAF AND 

THE ELAY. 

[Margam Charter.] S.D. 

Sciant p. et f. quod ego Gilebertus de Costentin pro salute anime mee et 
uxoris mee . patris mei et matris mee . et omnium antecessorum et successorum 
meorum dedi et ooncessi et hao presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie 
Sancti Augustini de Bristoll' et canonicis regularibus ibidem Deo servientibus 
in liberam puram et perpetuam elemosinam totam pasturam meam que jacet iu 
marisco inter Taf et Elay . intra fossatum et extra . cum omuibus pertinenciis 
suis tenendam et habeudam sibi imperpetuum de me et heredibus lueis libere et 
quiete . integre et paeifice inmune ab omni servicio et demauda seculari. Ita 
quod nec michi nec heredibus meis nec alicui hominum in aliquo inde respondeant 
nisi soli Deo in orationibus. Pro hac autem douacione . et concessione dederunt 
michi predicti canonici unura mesuagium cum pertinenciis suis apud Bkistoll.' 
Ego vero et heredes raei predictam pasturam cum pertinenciis suis dictis canonicis 
■warantizabimus contra omnes homines et feminas. Et quia volo quod hec mea 

2 F 



242 



donaeio et eoncessio rata et stabilis perpetuo perseveret eam presenti carta sigiUi 
mei impressione roborata oonfirmavi. 

Hiis testibus . domino Ramundo de Sullie . domino Willelmo de Eegni 
domino Willelmo de Sumeri . domino Petro Croc . domino Roberto de 
Vern'n . Rogero Alard . Henrico Langbord . et multis aliis. 

Gilbert de Constantin occnrs :is a witness to a quit-claim by Keneithur ap Herbert to Marg.iu about 
1151, and the heir of the same, about Vidi, held one fee in Constantineston (Coston) a Parish and Manor 
south-west of Cardiff ; also a thinl part of the tee of Llanmaes, valued at lOOs., Nos. DCSV. and CXXXI. 
As llie other two-thirds of Llanniaes are held by Walter de Sully, it is not imptobable tliat there was some 
iutermarriage betweeu the two farailies. 



CCXXXVII. 

GRANT BY LUELIN AP RIERED TO MARGAM, OF ALL HIS 
LAND OF PENNUDH, Erc. 

[Margam Charter.] S.D. 

Carta Luelini vilii Riered de parte sua de Pennudh. 

Omnibus s. e. f. p. et f. Luelin filius Riered salutem. 

Sciatis me et fi-atres meos consilio et consensu parentum nostrorum conoessisse 
et dedisse monachis de Margam in puram et perpetuam elemosinam totam terram 
nostram de Pennudh cum mora et bosco et cum omnibus aliis pertinenciis suis . 
ut habeant et teneant eam libere et quiete ab omni consuetudine et exactione 
seculari sicut ulla elemosina liberius teneri potest. Set et totam terram de 
Hembroc que fuit patris nostri . quam et ipse prenominatis monachis dedit in 
piu-am et perpetuam elemosinam . abjuraviraus inperpetuum. Et super sanctuaria 
ecclesie juravimus quod eis liec omnia warantizabimus in etemum contra omnes 
homines. Et seiendum quod tota terra que est inter Avene et Kenefeg infra 
terminos predictorum raonachorum abjuravimus. Et ipsi monaolii nos receperunt 
in familiaritatem suam et corpora nostra in sepulturam . facturi pro nobis in fine 
nostro sicut pro familiaribus suis. 



243 



Hiis testibus . Henrico monacho de Margam . et Cnaituro converso . et 
EoBERTo de PuLMOR . Caradoco clerieo . Jowan et Cnaithu filiis Wgaun . 
Wrunu filio Candelan. 

Pennudh, or Pen-hydd, is on the river Ff rwdwj^llt ; Hembroc, or Mynydd Emroch, "Is the moimtain 
lying south-west of Penhydd. 



ccxxxvin. 

GEANT BY KNEYTHUE, BLETHIN, AND WILLIAM, AND 
KENEWEEC, SONS OF HEEEBEET, TO MAEGAM, OF LAND 
IN KILLECIJLLUM. 

[Margam Charter.] S.D. 

Kneythur . et fratres mei . Blethin . et Willelmus . et Kenewrec 

filii Hereberti . concedimus abbatie de Margan in totam terram 

nostram quam tenemus de comite de Killecullum . in bosco et in plano cum 
pascuis, tenen[dam de] nobis et de heredibus nostris liberam et quietam ab omni 
servitio et seculari exactione . dando nobis annuatiin x. solidos [pro ter]ra illa ad 
festum . Sancti Michaelis . et nos totum servicium quod pro iEa terra debetui- 
faciemus comiti. Ciuod si nos aliquo [modo de]fecerimus de servicio quod pro illa 
debemus comiti . abbatia retinebit de x. solidis . qui nobis debentur quantum 
pertinet ad [defec]tum. Et si contigerit quod aliquis calumpniatus fuerit terram 

illam . nos warantizabimus predicte abbatie contra omnes [homines] 

et omnem parentelam nostram . et contra omnes qui inde in curia comitis 
placitare voluerint . et ibidem judicium [sit in a]uxilio abbatis. Et quia nos 
sigilla non habemus . sigillo Nicholai Landavensis episcopi . et Walteri 
abbatis de Neth . et Johannis [abbatis de Marga]n predictam hanc uostram 
concessionem consignamus. Pro hac vero coneessione predicta abbatia dedit nobis 
V. marcas [Hii]s testibus. 

Endorsed — ' Carta filiorum Hereberti de ten-a de Killeculum.' 



244 



COXXXIX. 

QUIT-CLAIM BT THATHERECH, DAUGHTER OF KATHERECH, 
TO MARGAM ABBEY OF THE ' PEYTEUIN LAND.' 

[Margam Charter.] S.D. 

Universis Christi fldelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris . Thatherech 
filia Katherech . salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod ego consilio et consensu Yoruard ab 
Q-istelard mariti mei et omnium filiorum meorum et aKorum amioorum meorum 
quitum clamavi Deo et eeclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem 
Deo servientibus totum ckmium meum de Terra Petteuin . et totiun jus 
quod dicebam me habere in eadem terra. Ita quod dicH monachi habeant et 
teneant eandem terram solutam et quitam a me et omnibus heredibus meis in 
perpetuum. Et sciendum quod affidavi et super sacrosancta eoclesie de Marga n 
juravi quod nunquam movebo clamium vel querelam versus monachos de 
Margan pro predicta terra . vel aliquis alius pro me vel per me sive supei-vixero 
maritum meum sive non. Hiis testibus. Mauricio persona de Langenuth . 
YoRUARD ab Espus . Ener ab Knattu . Wronou Du . Philippo ab Kadugan . 
Cradoc ab Ricard . Mederod ab Kanan et Roberto Potnz . Willelmo . 
Waltero . monachis de Margan . Reredo . Hugone . Espus . conversis . et 
multis aliis. 

Pointed oval seal, brown wax, IJin. by fin., a fish hauriant. 

' + sigilliim . taderech.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Thatherehe de terra Peiteviu. John Du.' 

See No. COXXVI. 



245 



CCXL. 

GEANT BY ESPUS, SON OF CRADOC DU, TO MARGAM OF 
LAND OF THE FEE OF PEITTEVIN IN KENFIG. 

[Margam Chaeteu.] 8.D. 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis p. et f. Espus filius Cradoc Du' salutein. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et presenti carta confimiasse Deo et ecclesie 
Sancte Marie de Margan etc. servientibus totam terram meam quam habui de 
feodo Peittevin in ten-itorio de Kenefeh in elemosinam liberam et quietam ab 
omni seculari consuetudine et exactione sicut uUa elemosina Uberius teneri 
potest . Reddendo annuatim mihi et heredibus meis in perpetuum solummodo 
dimidiam marcam pro omni servitio. Et sciendum quod initio hujus donationis 
aceepi pre manibus firmam vj. annomm scilicet iij. marcas unde ipse monachi 
quieti sint usque ad tantum terminum perimpletum et secundum quod si 
contigerit me mori antequam heredem habeam de usore mea filia Resi fiHi 
Ea'han totam predictam terram illis dedi in elemosinam puram et quietam ab 
omni servitio. Si vero contigerit me habere heredem post mortem meam dedi 
eis xij°'"- acras simul cura corpore meo in puram elemosinam et duos 
clamavi solidos quietos quos aceipere solebam de predicta firma. Et hec omnia 
firmiter tenenda et warentizanda in perpetuura affidavi et super sacra juravi et 
plegios inveni seilicet Resum Coed et fratres ejus . Ithellum filium Riwel et 
fratres ejus . Q-alfridum filium Canethuri Du et fratres ejus. 

Seal pointed oval, brown wax ; a dexter hand issuing from the propev left 
grasping a bannered lance in pale. 

' + SIGILL ESP CRADOCI.' 

Endorsed — ' Espus filius Caradoci in Petteuin,' and in a later hand ' Kenfige.' 



246 



CCXLI. 

GRANT BY MASTEH MAUEICE TO MARGAN OF THE 
LAND OF EGLUSKEIWE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 33.] S.D. 

Omnibus Sanute ecclesie filiis ad quos littere iste pervenerint uiagister 
Maurtcius salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra me concessu domini Willelmi Londoniensis 
concessisse domui de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totam terram 
de Eglus Keiwir . cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. Eeddendo inde miohi annuatim 
ad festum Sancti Michaelis xii. denarios. Hiis testibus . Eadulfo olerico de 
Land'v' . Kandalano presbitero . Johanne persona de Marcros . Eicardo 
PiNCERNA de Marcros . Henrico filio magistri Maurioii . Willelmo fratre 
ejus. 

Endorsed — ' Magistri Mauritii,' and ' Magister Mauricius de Egluskeiwir.' 

Eound seal, red "wax, lin. diam. The Master, sitting on his offieial cliair, in 
profile to the proper right, with a lectern before him. 

'+ sigill' : MAGRi' : mauric' 

( i ) For LaiKluugh. , '. . - 



CCXLII. 

ABJUEATION BY THE SONS OF EOGEE KAM OF CLAIM ON 
THEIE FATHEE'S OEANT IN BONVILESTON TO MAEGAM. 

[Margam Charter.] S.D. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens seriptum v. vel a. Eobertus ab Eoser . 
Wronu . Adam . et Philippus fratres . salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos spontanea volimtate nostra et consilio Eogeri 
Kam patris nostri et aliorum amicorum nostrorum concessisse et quitum clamasse 



247 



et abjurasse et hac presenti carta confirraasse Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de 
Margam . et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totum jus uostrum et totum 
clamixm quod habebamus tanquam heredes Rogeri Kam patris nostri in teixa 
quam ipse tenuit de Templarhs in feudo de Bonevilest[on] . ut habeant et 
teneant dicti monaohi dictam terram libere quiete et pacifice pro nobis et 
omnibus heredibus nostris sicut ulla elemosina vel uUum tenementum liberius et 
quietius haberi potest vel teneri. Et sciendum quod affidavimus et super sacro- 
sancta eoclesie de Margan jm'avimus quod istam concessionem et quitam 
clamacionem fideliter et sine dolo servabimus et contra omnes homines dictis 
monacliis warantizabimus in perpetuum. Et quia propria sigilla non habuimus . 
sigilluui RoGERi Kam patris nostri ad petitionem nostram presenti scripto est 
appositum. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — 'Abjuracio iiu. filiornm ejus de eadem terra.' 

CCXLIII. 

GRANT BY MARGAN AP KARADOC TO MARGAN OF 
LAND AT ORGARES WALL. 

[Margam Charter.] 1199. 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesia filiis p. e. f. Marganus filius Karadoci salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et cousensu filiorum meorum concessisse et dedisse et hac 
karta confii-masse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan et m. i. D. s. in 
elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omnia servioio et consuetudine et exaccione 
seculari totum pratum quod fiiit Alewi inter domum Radulfi et Orgares 
Walle . et universa prata mea que sunt inter Orgares Walle et capellam et 
totum pratum quod fuit David Puinei,. Et pratum Yewan Braut Waith . 
reddendo michi et heredibus meis annuatim ad festum Sancti Michaelis unam 
maroam argenti pro omni servicio. Et sciendum quod pre manibus aocepi 
redditum v. annorum anno ab ineaniatione Domini m° c"' nonagesimo uono 



248 



post festum Sancti Michaelis. Et notandum quod nunquam deinceps premanibus 
aecepturus sum nisi redditum trium annorum. Ego autem et heredes mei 
prefatam donationem predictis monacliis warentizabinms contra omnes homines 
in perpetuum. His testibus Helia docano . Worgano capellano de A\ ene . 
Meuric Map et Griphino fratre ejus . Howelo filio Griphini . EiTiatlan Map 

WrGI . MuRGENU COLE . DaVID PuINEL . WlLLELMO filio AlE^VI . HeRBERTO 

filio Palmari. 

Fragment in green wax of the seal of Margan ap Karadoc. 

Endorsed — ' Morgan de pratis de Avene et diversis aliis tems.' ' Karadoci.' 

Orgar's Wall was on the river Avan. See Birch, Hist. of Mtrryam Abbey. p. 396. 

CCXLIV. 

CONFIRMATION BY JOHN, EARL OF MORETON, OF VARIOUS 

GRANTS TO TEWKESBURY ABBEY. 

[CoTTON MSS. Cleop. A. VII. 73 b.] Post 1199. 

Confinnatio Johannis comitis Moretoni^, qua dicitiu- quod inspectis cartis 
antecessorum suorum R. filii Haimonis et Roberti filii Regis H. priuii et 
WiLLELMi filii ejus comitis Gtloucestrije vidit et intellexit quod Rob. filius 
Haimonis dederat et concesserat ecelesise Stse Mari^ de Theokesberia et 
monachis decimas omnium reddituum suorum de Cairdif, et de toto dominico 
'•'• t^&(^\& suo in Wallia. Robertus filius TIogeri totam decimam redditus et thelonei 
ferice de Cairdif et de Landiltuit, totam decimam emolumentorum et 
reddituum suorum et molendiuorura in Wallia, qune facta fuerunt inibi vel 
fient postquam teiTam habuit, omnium suarum emendacionum et increraentorum, 
et essartorum, et terrarum, prseter decimam terrae Morini et ovium, et porcorum, 
et puUorum in Wallia. Willelmus comes concessit et coufirmavit donationes 
avi sui et patris sui sicut suprasoriptum est. Has omnes donacioues et concessiones 
J, comes confirraavit in hae carta. 



249 



CCXLV. 
SUIT OF RICHAED DE BONYILL CONCERNING DENTON. 

[ROTUL. DE OBLAT., p. 72. I. JOHN.] A.D. 1199. 

RicHARDUs de BoNviLL dedit domino Regi dextrariiuu siivim pro habenda 
inquisitione legalium hominum, utrum dissaisitus fuit injuste et voluntate domini 
Regis RicARDi, vel ballivomm suonim, de villa de Denton', et quod cum inquisitiun 
fuerit domino Regi significetm'. Et equum habuit Robertus de Testeshall'. 
Apud Biurgiun Regis' per dominum Regem. 

(1) Bourg-le-roi, in Maine. where King John was on September 12th, Ifith, ITtli, A.D. 1199. 

CCXLYI. 

STJIT OF MAURICE, SON OF WILLIAM. AOAINST RALPH DE 

CLIYEDON. 

[RoTUL. de oblat., I., p. 58.] 1200. 

Clamorgan. Mauricius filius Willelmi dat domino Regi vi. marcas 
pro habendo brevi de recto versus Rad. de Clivedon et Matheum nepotem 
suum de feudo i. militis in Maldeton et habet breve. 

■ Breve de recto ;' License for a person ejecteil f rom an estate to sue for its reeovery. A writ of right. 
Maldeton may have heen iu the Honour of Gloucester : it is not in Glamorgan, althongh so stated by the 
editor of the record. 

CCXLVII. 
SUIT OF WILLIAM DE SULLY AGAINST PAGAN DE 

TRUBLEVn.LA. 

[RoTUL. de oblat., I., p. 70.] 1200. 

Q-L.AMORGAN. Walterus dc SuLiA dat domino Regi xx. marcas et i. equum 
de XX. marcis pro habendo recto de feudo i. militis in Coytif' contra Pagan. de 
Trublevilla, et quod loquela siimmoneatur iu niagna curia, et ne loquela sua 
impediatur per dominum Regem. 

2g 



250 



CCXLVIII. 

SUIT OF EICHARD DE GRENVILL AGAINST THE 

ABBPT OF TEWKESBURY. 

[ROTUL. DE OBLAT., I., p. 76.] 1200. 

CoRNUBiA ET Dkvon. Ricardus de Q-renvill' dat doinino Regi xl. rnarcas 
et I. palfredum pro habeuda assiza de advoeatione duarum ecolesiarum de Bedef 
et de KiLCANESTON, versus abbatem de Theokesberia termino Paschali xx. 
marcas et palefredum, et ad festum Sti. Johannis BaptistjE x. marcas, et ad 
festum Sti. Michaelis x. marcas. 



CCXLIX. 

CONFIRMATION BY RENERIUS, SON OF GILEBERT BURDIN, 
OF HIS FATHER'S GRANT TO MARGAM ABBEY IN 
LAHOLEMEDWE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 27.] Circa 1200. 

Sciant omnes presentes et f uturi . quod ego Renerius filius Q-ileberti Burdini . 
et ego Q-AUFRiDUS et Willelmus frater meus filii ejusdera Burdini concedimus 
donationem quam dedit pater noster ecelesise de Margam in perpetuam 
elemosinam pro anima sua . scilicet terram quse vocatur moutan' de Laholemedwe 
videlicet decem acras . cum prato sibi adjacente . et quia cai-tam eis super hac 
donatione vohierit sigillare set preventus morte nou potuit . ejus donationem nos 
fihi ejus sigillo ejus firmaviraus . et concedimus eis imperpetuiun terram illam 
Uberam et quietara ab oraui servitio et seculari exactione. Testibus . Rogero 
cellarario . et fratre Jordano . et Glou presbitero Nov^-Vill.b . Johanne filio 
Chenetwini . MicHAEi.o de Cheinessam . RoGERO Sturmi . qui omues 
audiemnt divisara Gii.KHK.iiri dura adhuc viveret. Waltero Luuello . Toma 



251 



de CoRNELi . WiLLELMo BoNA Natura qiii andiemnt nos concedere patris nostri 
donationein hanc. 

Pointed oval seal, red wax, 2J by IJ inches. A Welshman, wearing a pointed 
hat and dress with close-fitting body and short kilted skirt, and holding up a 
conventional flower. 

CCL. 

GRANT BY G. ESTURMI TO MARGAM ABBEY OF LAND 
ON THE EIVER KINITHWIN. 

[Margam Charter.] S.D. 

Notum sit omnibus tam futuris quam presentibus quod ego Qt. Esturmi 

concedente uxore mea M et filiis meis R scUicet E atque 

G- et filia mea A et oranibus heredibus meis dono et concedo in 

perpetuam elemosinam ecclesise Sanctse Mari^ de Margan totam terram illam quse 
est inter terram Herberti filii Godwineth et rivum Kinithwini sicut rivus ille 
per montem descendit in moras usque ad inf eriorem aquam et ab ipsa inferiori 
aqua usque ad viam quae vadit p . . . . montana et dividit terram comitis et meam 
tam in pastura quam in terra arabili et ten-a morosa. Pro hac autem douatione 

et concessione abbas et monachi dedeiimt mihi xii. marcas aa-genti per- 

solvenda debita mea et siugulis filiis meis cappam imam et iiii. nummos et me 
infirmum in suam fi-atemitat«m susceperunt. Unde et ego [facio] istam 
donationem meam liberam et quietam ab omni seculari servieio et exactioue 
prsedictse ecclesiae in peii^etuum possidendam. Sigilli raei impressione confintno 
ut rata sit et fii-ma in periietuimi ipsa donatio. Tcste Eglin vicecomite de 
GrLAMORGAN . R CoROLEF . Waltero Luvel et David fratre ejus . 

ROGERO filio NeST . WaLTERO LaGELES . dlSLBKERTO BirRo' . EADmNO 

monacho G-loucestri.^e . Gisleberto presbytero de Novo Castello . Thoma 
sacerdote . Willelmo de Londiniis . et Mauritio filio ejus . et Willelmo alio 

filio ejus . WlLLELMO PlNCERNA . AlEXANDRO dc WrENDUNE . GlSLEBERTO de 



252 



TuRBERviLLA . et A tixorc ejus . et Pagano filio ejus . et Simone filio 

ejus . GisLEBERTO filio ejus . et Roberto filio ejus. 

Seal circular, bearing a lion sejant. 

Legend — ' m rog. stur . . . .' 

Kinithvrin is probably one of the streamlets that flowed from the high ground into the marsh of Avcne. 
The name is now lost. Eglin' wae Sheriif about the third quarter of the twelfth century. R. de Purbei 
was his brother, 8o they probably liad more than a mere oflScial connexion with the LordBhip. William 
Pincerna wae the son of Simon de Halweui of St. Donats, and married the daughter of Philip de Marcross. 
Their son. Sir Richard de Pincerna, held Marcross and Gelligarn, tlie latter under le Sore of St. Fagana. 
They were hereditary Butlers to the Lords of CardifP. Halweia, Luvel, and Turberville are noticed 
in another place, biit we have here Gilbert de Turberville. A.. his wife, and Pagan, Simon, Gilhert, and 
Robert. tlieir sona. 



CCLI. 

CONFIRMATION BY ROGER STURMI OF HIS FATHER'S 
GRANT TO MARGAM ABBET. 

, [Margam Charter.] S.D. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Rogerus Sturmi concessi 
abbati et monachis de Margan totam teiTam quam habent ex douo patiis mei 
sicut eartse eorum testantm' quas habent de patre meo et de me. Preterea eoncedo 
eis totam rehquam partem ten-ae in bosco et plano in pastura et pascuis in aquis 
et morosis quam t«nuit pater meus de feudo comitis Q-loucestrIvE in Margan et 
ego per ipsum tenendam de me et heredibus meis bene et in pace absque omni 

servicio et seoulari exactione nisi abbas et monachi dabit miohi et 

heredibus meis pro me dimidiam marcam argenti annuatim et ego et heredes mei 

faciemus Testibus Egelino de Purbei vicecomite de Glamorgan . 

R. de PuRBEi fratre ejus . Johanne de Sancto Mkuiaele . Waltero Luvel . 
GiLEBERTO G Wn-i,Ei,M() sacerdote et capellano de Chenefec . Helia 

filio AuCHAN . ROBERTO AkMIG. . WlDANO Cl StEPHANO filio WlLLELMI . 

filii Stephani . Waltero Siward . Odone de 

Walter Siward may bu the Lord of Talavau. This is the first appearanco of tho name. 



253 



CCLII. 

CONFIRMATION BY NICHOLAS, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, OF 
THE GRANT BY MAUEICE DE LONDRES OF THE CHURCH 
OF COLWINSTON TO EWENNY. 

[Brit. Mus., Cotton Charter, XI. 24.] Circa 1153—1183. 

ClROGRAFUM. 

N. Dei gratia Landavensis ecclesise episcopus. Omnibus successoribus suis 
canoniee substituendis et imiversis sanctse ecclesise filiis salutes. 

Sciatis quoniam ego concedo et eonfirmo donationem de ecclesia de Colwinestuna 
quam Mauricius de Lundoniis fecit ecclesise Sancti Michaelis et monachis 
ejusdem ecclesise me presente et teste ad hoc vocato. Hanc autem ecclesiam sic 
dedit et cimi omnibus soilicet pertinentiis suis libere et quiete in decimis et 
eonsuetudinibus . et nominatim terram duabus viis et aquse interjaeentem quse ab 
eadem secclesia ablata fuerat eidem secclesiae reddidit et dedit. Facta autem 
hae donatione presentavenmt mihi prefati monachi duas honestas personas 
WiLLELMUM scilicet presbiterum et Philipum Magistri Radulphi filium quas 
ego prefatse secclesiae monatihis et domino Mauricio hoe exigentibus et conceden- 
tibus inpersonavi . tali tamen pacto quod marcam imam argenti secclesisB Sancti 
MicHAELis de HuGGOMORA et monaehis ejusdem secclesise singulis annis reddere 
debent dimidiam sciHcet marcam in annuntiacione Sanctse Marije . et alteram 
dimidiam marcam in festo beati Michaelis. Et si alter eorum mortuus 
fuerit ; alter marcam reddeudo eandem secclesiam teneat . et post mortem istarum 
personarum pref ata secelesia aeeclesise Sauoti Michaelis de Huggomora et monachis 
libera et quieta remaneat. His testibus . Radulfo Landavensis secclesisB et 
magistro Johanne canonicis. Eodem die disratiocinati sunt Mauricius de 
Lundoniis et monachi de Sancto Michaele me presente deoimas terrae quam 



254 



RicARDUs latimarius de Willelmo de Lundoniis et Mauricio ejus filio temiit et 
ita quod domnus Lefricus et Willelmus et Johannes filii sui olamaverunt 
eam quietam aBcclesiae Sanctse Brigid^ et monachis. His testibus . Magistro 
JoHANNE et Radulfo dc Lanc^arban . IsAAC presbitero . Harnaldo presbitero . 
RicARDO de Marcros . Q-illeberto presbitero . Oeno milite . Reis Walensi . 
Edwardo preposito . Willelmo Travers . et Willelmo de Lanc;arban 
clericis. 



CCLIII. 

TRANSCRIPT FROM GRANTS OF KING JOHN TO WILLIAM 

DE BRAOSE. 

[Harl. MS. 6068, f. 13.] ;J June. 2 John. 1200. 

2 Reg. Johannis.] Sciatis nos dedisse . concessisse et hac presenti carta 
nostra confirmasse dileoto et fideli nostro Willki.mo de Braos et heredibus suis 
omnes terras et tenementa que adquisivit . et que imposterum adquirere poterit 
super iuimicos nostros Wallenses. Habenda et tenenda de nobis et horedibus 
nostris in incrementum baronie sue de Radenorure, etc. Salvo eo quod idem 
WiLLELMUs et heredes sui stabunt recti in cm-ia nostra si quis adversus eos 
loqui voluerit . salvo Cajidigan cimi pertinentiis suis quod ad opus uostrum et 
heredum nostrorum retinuimus. Testibus H. archiepisoopo Cantuariensi . 
H. Sar. episcoi)o . Waltero de Lascye . Willelmo Briwer . etc. Apud 
Cadomum . ii.i" Junii . aimo Regni nostri u''"' 

Gower.] Rex Johannes dedit Wii.lklmo de Brausa totam terram de 
GowKR . antecessori Wii.i.ei.mi de BuArsA patris Willelmi de Brausa. 



255 



CCLIV. 

QinT-CLAIM BY FILIP, PRIEST OF HAVODHALOC, AKD JOHN 

HIS NEPHEW, OF THE CHAPEL OF HAVODHALOC TO 

MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Notum sit omnibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit quod Filippus sacerdos 
de Havodhaloc et Johannes nepos ejus quitum clamaverunt domui de Margan 
in perpetuum omne jus quod habueiunt in capella de Havodhaloc absque ullo 
retinemento in presentia Nicholai thesaui-arii Landavensis ecclesie . Ivori 
canonici . Adam sacerdotis . Roberti Samsonts . et aliorum multorum quorum 
hic sigilla dependent. Valete. 

Two seals, both gone. 

Endorsed — 'Hefdlialoc,' and ' Abjuratio Ph. sacerdotis . et J. nepotis ejus de 
capella de Havedhalanc' 

Birch. Margam Ahbei/, p. 12;;, ideutifies thii? place with Havod-heulog. 

CCLV. 

GRANT BY MORGAN, SON OF CARADOC, AND LEISAN AND 
OWEN HIS SONS, TO MARGAN OF LAND NEAR PULT- 

SCATHAN. 

[Margam Charter.] After Michaelmas, 1200. 

TJniversis Sancte ecclesie filiis p. e. f. Morganus filius Cradoci salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac carta confirmasse m. de Margan consilio 
et consensu filiorum meorum Leisan videlicet et Oeni et reliquorum . terram que 
incipit a P[u]ltscathan et vadit per fossam aquariam usque ad fossam Sanan . 
et inde usque ad fossam Cradoci . et inde per aliam fossam usque ad terram . 
Yevan filii Tatherec . et inde ad viani Marcuth . et inde ad- alnetum sub 
monte . et inde revertitur per fossam quam monachi feceiimt per ahietum usque 
P[u]ltschetan . omnem hanc terram et quicquid includitur inter has metas 



256 



concessi et dedi ego Morganus predictis monachis in perpetuam elemosinam ut 
habeant et teneaut eam liberam et quietam ab omni servicio seculari et exaccione 
et consuetudine reddendo miohi et heredibus meis . v. solidos ad festum Sancti 
MiCHAELis singulis annis pro omni servicio. Et sciendum quod concessi predictis 
monachis liberum ingressum et egressum ad percipieudas omnes commoditates 
quas hiibere . poterint de prefata terra et ut faoiaut de terra ipsa quicquid 
voluerint. Notandum etiam quod ego Morgands . pre manibus acoepi . x. libras 
et sexdecim denarios ab ipsos monachis de redditu predicte terre anno illo quo heo 
carta facta fuit . scilicet anno ab incamatione Domini m"- cc"- post festum Sanoti 
MiCHAELis ejusdem anni. Set et super sanctuaria ecclesie juravi quod ego et 
heredes mei prefatam donationem predictis monachis warantizabimus contra 
omnes homines in perpetuiun. Hiis testibus . Kenevvkec presbitero de Lan- 

GAUELAC . CUELIN ArCHER . YoRVERD filio HoELI . GrIFFINO Du . ItHENARI) 

filio Griffini . MoRGANO filio GrRiFFiNi . Wrunu filio Mauricii . WiN filio 
Gesurei . Herberto filio Palmari . Ithel filio Helie. 

Seal, Morgan ap Caradoc, as usual ; dark green wax. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Morgani secunda continens primara donationem ejusdem . 
et donationem Leysau . cum additamento in Marisco de Avene ' ; and iu a later 
hand, ' 1200 . karadoci . de terra sub alneto . V*- ' 

Tlic place ;ippear6 to be Pvvll-yeguthan, a well-known well in_the Aven marsh, now in the lower jiart of 
Aberavon town, — Bircli. i\, ^ ^y^ f "^-^j ( •^^>-J 

CCLVI. 
CONFIRMATION BY THE PEIOR OF ST. JAMES'S, BRISTOL, TO 
JOHN, SON OF RALPH UTLAGE, OF LAND IN LEWIN'S 

MEAD. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant p. cii f. quod ego W. prior ecclesie Sanoti Jacobi de Brist[ollia] et 
fratres ejusdem loci . auetoritate et concessu venerabilis patris nostri Alani 
abbatis Theokesbirik et ejusdem loci eonventus . concessimus . et hac carta 



257 



confiimavimus . Joha.nni filio Eadtilphi Utlage . totam terram illam in prato 
Leowtni . quam Radtjlphus pater suus emit de Ailwardo textore. Tenendam 
et habendam predictam terram de ecelesia beati Jacobi sibi et heredibus suis . 
libere et quiete hereditabiliter . reddendo inde annuatim ecolesie Sancti Jacobi . 
XII. denarios ad festum Sancti Michaelis . pro omni servitio et exactione. Et in 
miitatione heredum heredes sui dabunt ecclesie Sancti Jacobi . dimidiam libram 
piperis de recognitione. Quod ut ratum et stabile permaneat . presentem oartam 
sigilli nostri appositione roboravimus. Hiis testibus. 
Entitled — ' Carta ejusdem de eodem.' 

' Pratum Leowini ' is Lewin'3 Mead, near to St. JameB's Church iu Briatol. 
The pound of pepper payable on ehango of heir is a vety early example of heriot. 



CCLVII. 

GEANT BY THE PEIOE OF ST. JAMES'S, BRISTOL, TO MAEGAM 
ABBEY, OF LAND IN LEWIN'S MEAD, BEISTOL, FOEMEELY 
HELD BY JOHN, SON OF EALPH LE UTLAGE. 

[Makgam Charter.] 

Sciant presentes et futuri . quod ego . W. diotus prior Sancti Jacobi de 
Beist[ollia] et monachi ibidem Deo servientes . concessimus et hao presenti carta 
nostra eonfirmavimus ecclesie beate Marie de Margan . et conventui ejusdem 
looi . quaudam terram in prato Leowini . illam scilicet quam Johannes filius 
Eadulphi le Utlage de nobis tenuit . quam etiam de dono Henrici Cumin 
habuimus. Tenendam et habendam predictam terram prediote ecclesie et ejusdem 
loci conventui . de nobis et successoribus nostris in perpetuum . reddendo inde 
annuatim . uobis et sucoessoribus nostris xii. denarios ad festum Sancti Michaelis 
pro omni servitio. Quod ut magis ratum sit et inconoussum . presens scriptum 
sigilli uostri appositione dignum duximus confirmandum. 

Entitled— ' Cyrographum Prioris Sancti Jacobi de terra Utlage.' 

2 H 



258 



OCLVIII. 

GRANT BY ENER BAGHAN, BROTHER OF ALAITHUR, TO 
margam: ABBEY, OF RIGHT TO LAND IN FRUDUL. 

[Margam Chakter.] 

Sciant omnes p. e. f. quod ego Ener Bachan frater Alaithur concessi et 
quitum clamavi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et beate Marie de 
Margan et monachis i. D. s. totum jus meum in terra de Frudul . ut habeant 
predicti monachi predictam teiTam in pm-am et perpetuam elemosinam cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis sicut donatorum carte testantur. Et ego et heredes mei 
predictam terram contra omnes homines warentizabimus predictis monachis in 
perpetuum. Et sciendum quod omnes terras que sunt infra terminos mona- 
chorum scilicet inter has aquas Avene et Kenefeg . et extra . cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis . prefate ecclesie liberas et quietas clamavi imperpetuum et super 
sanctuaria ejusdem ecclesie eas abjuravi. Insuper omnes querelas quas habui 
contra domum de Maroan remisi et quietas clamavi. Hiis testibus . Stephano 
clerico de Kenefeg . Alaitiiur . Reso Coh . Johanne . et Wrunoch filiis 
Justini . Roberto Pulmor et multis aKis. 

Seal in dark green wax, If in. diam. Device, a central pellet and five ooncentric 
oiroles. 

Legend — '+ zigill' . ener . vachan.' 

Endorsed — ' Garta Ener fratns Alaithur.' 



259 



CCLIX. 

GRANT BY JOHN, THE CLERK OF BONEVILLE, TO MARGAM 

ABBEY, OF A THIRD PART OF HIS LAND IN BONVILLE- 

[STON]. 

[Margam Chauter.] 

Omnibiis Sancte e. f. a. q. p. s. pervenerit Johannes clericus de Bonevilla 
salutem. Notum facio universitati vestre me concessisse . et dedisse . Deo et 
monaehis de Margan . terciam partem terre mee in Bone^^lla . pro anima 
mea et autecessorum et successorum meorum . in elemosinam post moi-tem 
meam. Ita quod quamdiu vixero fi'uctus quoscunque potero inde percipiam. 
Et post mortem meam predicta teiTa eisdem monachis sicut pura elemosina qxiieta 
remanebit. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Johannis de BonaviUa de teiTa apud BonevUl.' 



CCLX. 

GRANT BY JOHN DE BONVILLE TO MARGAM ABBEY OF 
THIRTY ACRES IN TIIE FEE OF BONVILLE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte e. f. p. et futuris Johannes de Bonevilla salutem. 

Sciatis me c. et d. et h. c. mea conf. D. et e. S. M. de M. et m. i. D. servien- 
tibus XXX. acras terre arabilis in feudo meo de Bonevilla . consilio et consensu 
conjugis mee . et heredimi meonmi . ut habeant et teneant predictas xxx. aeras in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam . ab omni servitio seculari . 
consuetudine . et exactione . sicut iilla elemosina liberius teneri potest . per metas 
et divisas que cii-ca ipsam ten-am simt site. Et hoc totum wdrantizabimus eis 
«go et heredes mei in perpetuimi. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta ejusdem de xxx. acras terre. 



260 



CCLXI. 

NOTIFIOATION BY JOHN DE BONVILLE THAT HE GRANTS 
CAE'RWIGAU, HELD OF HIM BY RICHARD NORRIS, TO 
MARGAM ABBEY, IF THE PARTIES CAN MAKE TERMS. 
[Margam Charter.] 

Karissimis domiuis suis et amicis viceoomiti de Kard[if] et baronibus de 
&LAMORGAN ct Hberis hominibus Johannes de Bonevilla salutem. 

Sciatis me ooncessisse et presenti soripto uonfii-masse . concessionem meam de 
terra mea quam Ricardus Norkensis tenet de me . de feudo meo aput Kak- 
wiGAu . inonachis de Margan ut ipsi habeant eam in perpetuiun . si ipsis et 
predicto Ricardo poterit convenire . in quocimque pacto eonvenerit eis salvo meo 
servitio. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Johanuis de Bonavilla de Karwigau.' 

Cae'rwigau is iu the Parish oF Pendoylau. 



CCLXII. 

GRANT BY WILLIAM, SON OF JOHN DE BONAVILLA, TO 
MARGAM ABBEY OF LAND IN THE FEE OF BONEVILLE. 

[Harl. Chartbk, 75 B. 16.] 

Oimiibus Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Willelmus 
de BoNAviLLA filius JoHANNis de BoNAViLLA salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie 
de Margan et mouaohis ibidem Deo servientibus . xxxiu. acras terre arabilis in 
feudo de Bonavilla per easdem metas et divisas quas tenuerunt tempore patris 
mei. De quibus . xxxiu. acris antea tenuerunt easdem . xxx. aeras per unam 
aliam cartam. Duas enim oartas de patre meo habuerunt . unam que loquitm* de . 
XXX. acris . alteram que loquitur de eisdem . x.\x. acris et de tribus acris adjectis. 



261 



Preterea concessi et confirmavi eis totam terram Willelmi Citharedi. Scilicet . 
xiJ. acras terre arabilis et dimidiam acram prati oum tofto. Et ex dono Susanne 
quinque acras. Has omnes acras concessi et confirmavi predictis monacliis in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam habeudas et tenendas libere . quiete et pacifice 
de me et heredibus meis ab omni servicio . consuetudine . et exactione seciilari. 
Sicut ulla elemosina liberius teneri potest et haberi inperpetuima. Hiis testibus . 
Hereberto de Sancto Q,xiintino . Willelmo de Lond[oniis] . Waltero de 
SuLiA . RicARDO Flammang . WiLLELMO de Cantelo . RicARDo sacerdote de 
BoNAviLLA . magistro E,adtjlpho Mailoc . Johanne Torsi . et multis aliis. 
Fine impression of the gem seal in red wax (as in DCCCXXVI.). 



CCLXIII. 

GEANT BY WILLIAM DE BONVn.LE TO MAEGAN ABBEY 
OF LAND HELD BY THE TEMPLAES IN THE TIME OF 

HIS FATHEE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte e. f. a. q. p. s. pervenerit . Willelmvs de Bonevtlla . filius 
Johannis de Bonavilla . salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et hac carta . corfirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sanote Marie 
de Margan et m. i. D. s. in p. et perpetuam elemosinam . xl. acras terre 
arabilis . quas de Templariis tempore patris mei tenueruut . reddendo illis 
annuatim pro omni servitio consuetudine et exactione xl. denarios. Has xl. 
acras si ego de Templariis dirationare potero . concessi et confirmavi prediotis 
monachis in perpetuum tenendas et habendas de me et heredibus meis libere . 
quiete et paoifice . sicut antea de Templariis tenuerunt . scilicet reddendo michi 
et heredibus meis annuatim pro omni servicio xl. denarios. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Willelmi de Bonavilla de xl. aoris.' 



262 



CCLXIV. 

ABJURATION BY EICHAED AND EOGEE, SONS OF JOHN. 
CHAPLAIN OF BONVILLE, TO MAEGAM ABBET, OF THE 
LAND HELD BT THEIE FATHEE OF THE TEMPLAES IN 

BONVILESTONE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptuni v. vel a. Eicardus et Eogerus de 
BoNE^iLLE filii JoHANNis Capei.lani salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos spontanea voluntate nostra et eonsilio amicorum 
nostrorum coneessisse et quitum elamasse et abjurasse et presenti carta 
confirmasse D. et e. S. M. de M. et m. i. D. servieutibus totum jus nostrum et 
totum clamium quod habebamus vel dicebamus nos habere in terra quam dictus 
Johannes pater uoster tenuit de Templariis in feodo de Bonevilest[un] ut 
habeant et teneant dicti monachi dictam terram libere quiete et pacifice pro nobis 
et omnibus heredibus meis sicut uUa elemosina vel uUum tenementum liberius 
et quiecius haberi vel teueri potest. Et scienduni quod afiidavimus et super 
sacrosancta ecclesie de Margam jui-avimus quod illam concessionem et quitam 
clamationem fideliter et sine dolo et malo ingenio servabimus et contra omnes 
homines warantizabimus. Et ut premissa firmitatis fobiu- obtineant huic scripto 
sigilla nostra apposuimus. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — 'Abjuratio duorum filiorum Johannis Capellani iu feudo de 
Bonavilla.' 

CCLXV. 
SCUTAGE OF HENET DE HUNFEAVILLE. 

[EOTUL. DE OBLAT. I., p. 134.] 1201. 

Henricus de Hunfraville dat xx. marcas pro eodem [transfretatione sua] 
tenet feudum \. niilitum de Houore GLOcESTRm ut dicit et non plures. 

Habet breve de soutjigio. Terminus medio viii. diebus ante Pentecosten et 
medio ad festum Sancti Johannis. 



263 



CCLXYI. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN WILLIAM DE BAEEI AND JOHN 
DE LA MARA RESPEOTING RENTS IN THE FEE OF 
WALTER'S-TOWN IN GOWER. 

[Margam Chakter.] Before Easter, 1201. 

Hec est oonventio facta inter Willei.mum de Barri . et Johannem de la 
Mara quod predictus Willelmus . prenominato Johanni pro xv. marois quas , 
debuit illi pro relaxatione juris quod peciit in feudo de villa Walteri in Guer 
concessit ut per spacium viu'*- annorum percipiat integre redditus prenominati 
feudi de villa Walteri . videlioet . xxx'-^- solidos annuatim k monacliis de Net 
persolvendos. Ita quod predictus Willelmus post primos iirj°'- annos si 
memorato Johanni vij. marcas et dimidiam persolvere voluerit . decetero 
predietum feudum liberum et quietum a jam dicto Johanne et heredibus suis 
recipiat. Sin autem . idem Johannes idem feudum usque ad tenninum pre- 
notatum viij"'- annorum tenens annuos ejusdem feudi redditus percipiet . et 
deinceps idem feudum predicto Willelmo et heredibus suis libere et quiete 
remittet. Et quicquid de predictis Willelmo et Johanne infra terminum 
prenotatum contigerit . heredes eoruudem inter se mutuo prescriptam conven- 
tionem flrmiter et fideliter observabunt. Hec conventio fide mediante hino inde 
confii-mata est . anno ab incarnatione Domini m°- ccj°- eodem anno quo Lin- 
gonensis episcopus defunctus est qui frater erat ordinis Cartusiensis . a 
proximo Pasca usque ad terminum prefixum duratura. His testibus . Willelmo 
Lond' . Philippo de Marcros . Willelmo de Oantelo . Willelmo Pincerna . 
Johanne de Penris . Mauritio de Henleis . Toma Blancagnel . Willelmo 
converso . Johanne Mansel . Johanne Trus . Toma filio Albini . Samsone et 
fratre suo Waltero . Vrso . Roberto Vnred . Domino . A. abbate de Neth . 



264 



OsBERTo archidiacono . Clemente priore de Neth . Toma Seoretario . 
WiLLELMo presbitero de Sancto Donato . et aliis multis. 

Indented along the top with Cirograpuum, out through. 

Endorsed — ' Cirographum inter W. de Barri et J. de la Mare.' 

J. de la Mare gave to Neth, land, ouce the possession of Osmunci Gros, which his mother held in dower. 

Another John, and William de la Mare, witnessed a Gower Charter in 1313. 

William de Barri gave 30 aores to Neth of his fee in Gower. Both were conlirmed by Kiug John in 
120!!. 



CCLXVII. 

GRANT BY HENRY, ABBOT OF GLOUCESTER, TO MAEOAM 
ABBEY OF LAND IN LLANGEWI. 

[Margam Chartek.] Axte 1202. 

CYROr, RAPH. 

Sciant omnes [tam] presentes quam futuri quod ego Henricus [abbas 
monasterii Sancti] Petri Glouoestrie et ejusdem loci conventus concessimus 

et hac carta nostra confirmavimus . venerabilibus abbati et conventui 

de Margan . terram illam in feudo de Langewi quam Willelmus Scurlag 

dedit EwENi . ut habeant monachi de Margan . predictam terram cum 

omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis suis .... omni servicio eonsuetudine et 
exactione. Reddendo inde annuatim u. — solummodo ecclesie Sancti Michaelis 
de . . . . [Ew]eni . ad terminum Pasche. Et predictam terram prefatis 
monaehis contra omnes homines warantizabimus in perpetuum. In [oujus r]ei 
teBtimoniimi presens scriptum in modo Cyrographi confecimus . cujus unam 
parteiu sigillo occlesie nostre munitam predietis [abbat]i et conventui de 
Margan . tradidimus . alteram vero partem sigillo ejusdem abbatis et conventus 
de Margan roboratam penes [n]o8 retinuimus. Hiis . testibus. 

Endorsed — ' Cyrographum Henrici Abbatis G-locestrie de xxiiii. acris aput 
Langewi.' 



265 

CCLXVIII. 
GRANT BY WALTER LUVEL TO MARGAM ABBEY OF LAND 
CALLED PENVEI IN LANGEWI, AT A RENT OF FIVE 

SHILLINGS YEARLY. oJn^ \ ^ ^ ^. 

[Margam Charter.] 1202. 

Omnibus Sanete ecclesie filiis p. et f. Walterus Luvel salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et eoclesie 
Sancte M. de Margan et m. q. i. D. serviunt in elemosinam totam terram meam 
in feudo de Langewi . scilicet c. acras quas cepi cum uxore mea in matrimonium 
et teneo de David Scurlage et heredibus ejus et de qua terra deveni homo 
David Scurlag . totam terram illam cum oninibus pertinentiis suis concessi et 
dedi ego Walterus Lu^'el predictis monachis in elemosinam concessione 
domini niei David Scurlage ut habeant et teneant eam de me et de heredibus 
meis in perpetuum liberam et quietani ab omni seivitio et oonsuetudine et 
exactione seculari preter solummodo v. .«olidos quos reddent michi et heredibus 
meis predicti monachi annuatim ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro predicta terra 
que Penvei nominatm-. Et ego . et heredes mei warantizabimus predictis 
monachis hee omnia (-ontra omnes homines iii perpetuum. Et sciendum quod 
accepi pre manibus a predictis monachis redditus \ii. aimorum scilicet xxxv. 
solidos anno ab incarnatione Domini m"- cc" ij"- Hiis testibus Philippo de 
Marcros . Hamelino de Torintein' . Johanne de la Mare . David Scurlage . 

ThOMA ScuRLAGE . ROGERO BURNEL. 

Seal, dark wax, l^iu. diam. Device, a little wolf, or ' hipeUiis,' as a rebus on 
the owner's name, passant, oontoume. 

Legend — ' + sigillum : walteri : lwei,.' 

Endorsed, in a late handwriting — ' Doiiatio Walteri Luvel ceutum acranun iu 
Llangewyth.' 

\V:ilter Luvel was an active oaicer iQ the Lordsliip. lu the Pipe RoU of 31 Henry II., U84-o, he is 
alli.wed -iOs. f or h,ilf-a-year's custody of the " New-Castle," and is one of those oliarged with the cr.re of other 
castles ; ancl John, Earl of lloreton, as Lord of Glamorgan, gi-anted him ten shillings worth of land in Kenf eg, 
and confirmed tlie gnmt when King in 1207. In 1249, as a member of the Coraitatu.«, he joined in the 
deci.sion as to the divertiiig of the course of the river Nedd as will be observed f urther on under tliat year. 

2 1 



266 



CCLXIX. 

LEASE FOK TEN YEARS BY ROGEK GRAMUS TO MARGAM 
ABBEY OF LAND BETWEEN KENEPEG AND GOrLACHE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 3.] 1202. 

Seiant omnes et presentes et fiitiui qnod ego E.ogerus Q-rammus consilio et 
eonsensu uxoris mee et heredum meorum et amicorum meorum concessi et dimisi 
domui de Margan et monachis itidem Deo servientibus totam illam partem terre 
mee que jacet inter Kenefeg et Gtoilaohe ad firmam in . x. anuos quorum primus 
oepit a natali anni ab incamatione Domini mccil donec plenarie et integre 
receperint inde . x. vestituras pro . x. mareis quas omnes pre manibus accepi pro 
quibus ego et heredes mei warantizabimus et acquietabimus prefatis monachis 
predictam terram usque ad terminum perimpletum contra omnes homiues ad 
habendum et tenendum libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio et consuetudine 
et exactione sic^ut eam liberius teuere possem si esset in manu mea. Et post 
predietum tenninum perimpletum niillis aliis hominibus dimittam predictam 
terram nisi prefatis monar^his sub eodem pacto et stib eodem precio sub quo 
prius eam habuerunt. Et sciendum quod affidavi iu mauu Osmeri nie hoc 
totum servare sine omui dolo et sine omni malo ingenio. Teste . Thoma (apellano 
de Kknefeg . Waltero Luuel . Osmero . Wasmero . David filio Helie . 
Rogero filio Radulfi et Eoberto fratre ejus . Waltero de Sabulo . Thoma 
filio RicARDi Athelwold . Q-AUFRiDO filio OsMERi . Waltkro molend[inario] 

WaLTERO . WlTBRED . WlLLELMO de CoRNELI. 

Seal in browi wax, 1 Un. diam. Device, a bow and aiTow. 
Legend — ' + sigii.l' : KofiKRi : grammus.' 



267 



CCLXX. 

GEANT BY WALAVETH, SON OF WILLIAM GILLEMICHEL, 
TO MAEGAM ABBEY, OF LAND OF HIS FliEE TENEMENT 
AT KENEFIG. 

[M.\RGAM Ch.\RTER.] 

Uuiversis Sancte ecclesie filiis qui preseutem kartam inspexerint Walaveth 
filius WiLLELMi Gillemich[el] salutem. 

Notum faeimus imiversitati vestre nos dedisse . et concessisse . et presenti 
karta nostra confirmasse Deo et beate Marie et monachis de Marg.an eonsilio 
et consensu fratrimi meorvmi et amicormn et parentum viij'''- acras ten-e de 
libero tenemento meo . in perpetuam et puram elemosinam liberam et qiiietam 
ab omni servitio et seculari exactione in perpetiium quarimi videlicet acrarum x.j. 
et dimidia jacent juxta illas viij*"- acras quas pater meus Willelmus iUis contulit 
in elemosinam. Incipientes scilieet a raagua ^aa que vadit ad locum qui 
dicitiQ- villa Sturmi a Kenefec . ad austrimi ejusdem vie . tendentes sm-sum a 
via illa quantum extenditur terra arabilis in longitudinem . et in latitudinem . a 
divisis que fixe sunt ad orientalem partem . nsque ad divisas viij*°- acrarum pre- 
dictarum quas pater meus monachis dedit . mea et fratnmi meorum concessione. 
Porro acra et dimidia jacent ad australe capud eanmdem viij'"- acrarum ut divise 
indicant ibi posite. Et si quod servitium aliquando forte fuerit requisitum de 
hac teiTa . ego et heredes mei illud adquietabimus ex integTO . et contra omnfes 
homines tam propinquos nostros quam extraneos monachis jjrefatis hano 
donatiouem uostram wareutizabimus. Et hec omuia me factm-um et fideliter 
observatunun fide et sacramento firmavi. Poito mouaelii mee magne necessitati 
compacientes . xx. soUclos karitative dederunt michi ad me adquietandum 
versus domiuum Regem et justieias ejus. His testibus . Willelmo ceUarario . 
et WiLLELMO de Bedintun' monachis de Margan . Fratre Godwino magistro . 
et Ricardo conversis . Ernaldo eonstabulario de Kenefec . Anarautt fiUo 
Keneithur ab Herebert . Gestalardo . Retherech fiUo Cnitlin . Chedic 



268 



filins (xic) Mehi . Angarat matre mea . Gtodefrido monaehos de Margan . 
"Walteros de Sande . Thoma fllio G-ervasii . et aliis pliu-ibus. 

Seal, dark wax, 2Jin. diam. Seems to resemble two fir coues, indented towards 
the chief point ; below them a bow and arrow. 

Legend — '+ sigill' walavet . gille michel .' The letters miderlined are 
planed in the field beneath the bow and arrow. 



CCLXXI. 

CONFIRMATION BY KETHEREC AND YVOR GILLEMIHEL 

OF THEIR FATHER'S GRANT TO MARG^AM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi fidelibus hoc presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Ketherec 
et YvoR filii WiLLELMi Gillemichel . salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod uos consilio et assensu amicorum nostrorum 
quitum clamavimus et abjuravimus et hac presenti carta oonfirmavimus Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Makie de Maroan et monaohis ibidem Deo servieutibus . totum 
clamium quod habuimus in terra Willelmi Q-illemichel . et totam jus quod 
dicebaraus nos habore iu eadom terra . et in omnibus aliis terris et in omnibus 
aliis possessionibus ad dictain domum pertinentibus ut habeant et teneant dicti 
monachi dictam terram libere quiete et pacifice pro nobis et omnibus heredibus 
nostris . qui sunt . et i^ui futuri sunt et omnibus successoribus nostris imper- 
petuum sicut ulla elemosina vel ulbim tenementum liberius et quietius haberi 
potest vel teneri. Et nos et heredes notri warantizabimus diotis monachis diotam 
quietam olamationem contra omnes mortales in pei-petuum. Hiis testibus. 



269 



ToRUARD ab Espus . Reso Choc . Reso clerico de Langunit . Ricardo clerico 
de Kenefe . WiLLELMO Franckelein . WiLLELMO OoLE . et multis aliis. 
Two seals, in dark green wax. 

1. An inch in diam. ; a sixfoil, and radiating point, six trefoils, much cMpped. 
Legend — ' + s'. k . . . . filii : gillemihel.' 

2. The same diam. ; a compound cross-like device, of cinquefoils aud trefoils. 
Legend— ' + s' yvor . filii . gillemihel.' 

Endorsed — ' Oarta Ketherec et Yvor de terra Gillemichel patris eorum.' 

COLXXII. 

AGREEMENT BY CIROGRAPH BETWEEN MARGAM ABBEY 
AND DAVID, SON OF HERBERT SOURLAGE, OONOERNINa 
THE FEE OF LANGEWI. 

[Margam Oharter.] 1202. 

Seiant omnes quod hec est conventio que facta est inter abbatem monachosque 
de Margan et David filium Herberti Scurlagk de feudo de Langewi et de 
totis pertinentiis suis . scihcet quod ego David filius Herberti Scurlage 
concessi et dedi et hoc scripto eonfirmavi Deo et eeclesie Sancte Marie de 
Margam et monachis que i. D. serviunt totam feudum de Langewi cum omnibus 
pertinentiis et aisiamentis suis in elemosinam tam iUam partem quam habuerunt 
ante me de patre meo et de anteoessoribus meis in puram elemosinam . quam 
totum residuum ipsius feudi. Totam hanc terram coneessi et dedi ego D.wid 
ScuRL.4.GE predictis monachis in elemosinam cum omnibus pertinentiis et aisia- 
mentis suis sine uUo retinemento reddendo michi et heredibus meis annuatim ex 
illa parte quam habent ex proprio dono meo ad festum Sancti Michaelis . lu. 
marcas argenti pro omni servitio salvo servitio domini comitis . quod monachi 
facient. De quibus lu. marcis ooncessi Waltero Lu^^el et heredibus suis . 
V. solidos reddendos annuatim ad festum Sancti Michaelis per manus mona- 
chorum et xxx. et v. solidos michi et heredibus meis ad predictum terminum. 



270 



Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus ipsis monachis hec oninia coutra omnes 
homines in perj)etuum. Et pro hac concessione mea . dederunt michi predioti 
monachi equum . j. centum solidorum et xxj. marcasde redditu meo premanibus . 
scilicet redditus . vu. annonun quos cessi premanihus anno ah incaruatione 
Domini . m"- cc°- ij. et xl. marcas Nicholao Puinz pro me ad finalem pacem 
faciendum de clamio quod clamavit adversum me in curia domiiii Regis de 
feudo de Langewi . et eidem Nicholao pro me equum . j. trium mai-oarum . et 
Waltero Luvel equum . j. duarum marcarum. Hiis testihus . domino Henrico 
liANDAVENSi episcopo . Hamundo de Valoniis tunc hallivo de Glamorgancia . 
EiAnuLFO de Sumeri . Henrico de TJmfranvil' . Philippo de Marcros . 
Pagano de TuRBURviLE . Waltbro de Sul' . Willelmo Martel . Rogero de 
WiNTONiA . Johanne de la Mare . Eicardo Elandrensi . Willelmo Sor . 
Gilleberto de Turburvil' . Eadulfo Mailoc. 

Seal lost. 

Endorsed — ' Donatio de feodo de Langewi. David Scm-lag.' 

CCLXXIII. 

CONFIRMATION AND GRANT BY DAVID SCURLAGE TO 
MARGAM ABBEY OF THE WHOLE FEE OF LLANGEWL 

[Marg.\m Charter.] Probably 1202. 

Omiiihus S. e. f. p. et f. David Scurlage sahitem. 

Sciatis quod ego conoessi et dedi et hac carta confirmavi Deo et ecelesie S. M. 
de Margan et m. qui i. D. serviunt in pcrpetuam eleraosinam totam feudum de 
Langewi scilioet tam illam partom feudi illius . quam pater meus et anteeessores 
mei ante dederunt eis in olemosinam . quam totum residuum quod ego ex proprio 
dono meo dedi eis in elemosinam . ad hahendum et tenendum libere et quiete ab 
omni servitio et consuetudine et exactione seeulari reddendo tameu milii et 
hevedibus meis pro illa parte feudi quam habeut ex proprio dono meo aunuatim 



271 



ad festum Sancti Michaelis solummodo . xxx. et v. solidos et Waltero LirvEL 
et heredibus suis . v. soKdos ad eundem terminum. Et per tantum quieti erunt 
ab omni servitio quod ad me . pertinet . vel ad heredes meos . salvo tamen 
servitio domini comitis. Et sciendum quod ego et heredes mei warantizabimus 
predictis monachis hec omnia contra omnes homines in perpetuum. Hiis testibus. 
Domino Henrico Landavensi episcopo . Hamundo de Valoniis tunc ballivo de 
G-LAMORGAN . Radulpho de SuMERY . Henrico do TJmfraunvill . Philippo 
de Marcros . Pagano de Tur)5urvil' . Waltero de Sul[lia] . Willelmo 
Martel . RoGERO de Wintonia . Joh.anne de la Mare . Ricardo Flandrensi . 

WlLLELMO FlANDRENSI . WlLLELMO SoR . GrlLEBERTO dc TuRBURVIl' . RaDULFO 

Mailoc. 

Seal in dark green wax, IJin. diam. Device, a star of eight points, eaoh 
oapped with a lump, wbich may be a bunch of flowers. 

Legeud — ' + sigill' . david . scurlag.' 

Endorsed— ' David Scurlag, iuter 1183—1219.' 



coLxxrv^ 

WRIT BT AVICIA DE CARDIFF TO THE BAILIFF OF BRENT 

TO GIVE SEISIN OF LAND IN SUBRENT, SOUTH-BRENT, 

00. SOMERSET, TO ROBERT SELIMAN OF CARDIFF, HER 

SON. 

[Add. Chart., 24299.] Sine Dato. 

Dilecto amico suo Roberto de Sancta Barba ballivo de Brents Avicia 



de Kairdif salutem in Domino 
RoBERTO Seliman dc Kairdif fil 



Sciatis me dedisse in ligia viduitate mea 
io meo unam virgatam terre cum pertinentiis 
suis in Subrente, illam scilicet vii-gatam ten-e quam Simon de Berges pater 
meus mibi dedit in liberum maritagium. Tenendam et habendam de here- 
dibus predicti Simonis patris mei ipsi Roberto et heredibus suis vel ejus 



272 



assignatis jui-e hta-editario inperpetuum. Et quia ad presens ad huu<lreduui 
de Brente venire non possum ad ponendiim dietum Robertum in saisinam de 
dieta virgata terre, vobis supplico quod ponatis dictum Robertum per ine in 
Baisinam plenariam de predicta virgata terre cum pertinentiis suis in Brente 
sicut in carta quam predictus Robertus de me liabet de predicta virgata terre 
melius et plenius atestatui-. In oujus rei testimouium lias literas meas vobis 
mitto patentes ut illas habeatis in warentum . bene valete. 
Pointed oval seal, green wax, a flower. 

' + s' : ADiriE : »e : kerdif.' 



CCLXXV. 

AGEEEMENT EETWEEN RoBEET, SON OF WALTEE SELIMAN, 
AND JOHN, SON OF JOHN, SON OF WILLIAM OF LLANTWIT. 

[Add. Chart. 24265.] Circa 1202. 

cirographim. 

Hec est conventio facta inter Eobertum filium Walteri Seliman de Kairdif 
ex una parte et Johannem filiuni Joh.annis filii Wili.ei.mi de Landu.t', ex 
altera, videlicet quod dictus Eobertus tradidit et dimisit dicto Johanni 
burgagium suum de Kaikdif eum Lvlificiis et aliis pertinenciis suis quodjacet 
iuter biirgag.utu quondam Eoherti Eu.MBor.D et burgagium Uicardi Crispi, et 
quiiique acras prati in Estmore quod ai^pullalur S'rocKEscROFT cum pertinenciis 
suis in contraplegium et vadium pro viginti • t quiuque marcis quas idem 
Johannes dicto EoiiEKTo iii urgeute negouio suo paoavit premanibus. Teneinlum 
et habeudum oidem Johaxni vel iieredibus suis sive assiguatis suis diuta 
burgagium et terram libere et quiete bene et in paco quousque dictus Eobertits 
et heredes sui Q-ricia scilicet uxore sua sorore dicti Johannis procreati predictas 
vigiuti et quinque marcas dicto Johanni et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis 



273 



plenarie persolverint. Reddendo inde annuatim eidem Eoberto et prenominatis 
heredibus suis dictus Johannes et heredes sui sive assignati deeem solidos 
ad quatuor anni terminos redditum reddendi statutos pro omiii servieio et 
exactione, exceptis duobus solidis inde debitis comiti Gloucestkie et doraino 
abbati de Keinesham annuatim debitis. Ita scilicet quod si dictus Johannes vel 
heredes sui sive assignati aliquid ultra dictum redditum et ultra sustentationem et 
emendatiouem dictorum burgagii et prati libere et quiete perceperint eidem ia 
solutionem dictarum viginti et quinque marcarum pro contingente in legale 
veredictum illorum computetiir. Si vero nichil inde perceperint casu contingente 
nichil eis computetur uec aliquis redditus ab eis exigatui" salvo tamen eidem 
Roberto et prenominatis heredibus suis iu dicto burgagio aisiamento si 
necess . . . habuerunt et [?] ad oram rectam premunierunt in redditu tamen suo 
pro contingente si redditimi reddere contigerit computato. Et si contingat quod 
dictus Robbrtus ante solutionem dicte pecunie heredes de dicta Gricia uxore sua 
non habuerit apparentes ad quos dictum burgagium et pratum debeat vel possit 
revertere, concessit dictus Eobertus dictum bm'gagium et pratum cum pertinenciis 
suis tenenduan et habendum dicto Johanni et heredibus suis sive assignatis in feudo 
et hereditate nisi alii heredes ejusdem Eoberti quicimque fuerint infra anmim 
integrum post ejusdem Roberti obitum plenarie eompletum predictas viginti et 
quinque marcas una cum triginta marcis quas idem Johannes Willelmo 
Mareis fratri dicti Roberti ad dictum bm-gagium et pratum aequietandum 
pacavit . dicto Johanni et heredibus siiis sive assignatis plenarie persolverint per 
redditum duorum solidorum capitalibus dominis feudorum ut predictum est et 
unius libre cumini eisdem heredibus annuatim solvendorum. Salvo tamen 
predicto Roberto redditu superius scripto et modo predicto de dicto 
JoHANNE et heredibus suis sive assignatis annuatim quam diu vixerit peroipiendo. 
Et ut hec convencio firmiter obligetur et integre dicti Eobertus et J<)h.annes 
presenti scripto ad modum cyrographi confecto sigilla sua altematim apposuerunt. 
TTiis testibus . domino Willelmo de Sancta Elena tuno vicecomite Glamorgan . 

2K 



274 



dommis Waxtero de Sulia et Gileberto de Dunfrevile et Rogero de 
EiEiNNY militibus . Willelmo Flandre'nsi . Thoma de Hodeneht . Henrico 
Odin . Thoma Crispo . Seliman Lude . RoBERTO Q-odard . RiCARDO de 
Penhard et aliis. ^ 

Robert. sod of Walter, Seliman of Kairdif, demises to Jolm. sor of Jolm, son of William de Landilt' 
[Llantwit j, his burgage in Kairdif, and five acres in the Estmore, called Stokescroft. 

Avicia de Kairdif is daiighter of Simou de Berges, she makes over to Robert Seliman, her son, laiid in 
Subrent, or South-Brent, which she had from her father on her marriage. The Bailitf of Brent is to give 
hini seiziii. This is all that is known of Selimau. 

Estmore is, probably. part of the wet land on the right bank of the Rhymny at its mouth. Stokescroft 
is a name, perhaps, imported from Bristol. 
William de St. iillena was Sheriffi circa 1L'02. 
This Charter is decayed and wanting in several places. 



CCIjXXYL 

GRANT BY ROBERT, SON OP ROBERT, SON OF UMFREY 

FRETHOXE, TO HUGH SON OF ROBERT CRISTESKNAVE, 

OF CARDIFF, OF A MANSIO ON THE RIVER TAFF, BE- 

TWEEN THE PREACHING FRIARS AND CARDIFF CASTLE. 

[Add. Chart. 2430L] Sine D.\to. 

Soiant presentes et futmi quod ego Robertus filius Roberti filii Umfrey 

Frethoxe dedi concessi et liac presenti carta mea confirmavi Hugoni filio 

Roberti Cristesknave de Kaerdif clerico totam mansionem meam in Taf 

inter domum fratnim predicatorum a parte ocoidentali et castrum de Kaerdif 

a parte orientali et aquam de Taf ex utraque parte ejusdem mansionis cura 

suis ibidem pertinentiis. Tenendum et habendum sibi et beredibus vel suis 

quicumque fuerint assingnatis (sic) de me et heredibus meis libere quiete pure 

bene in pace integre plonarie et jure hereditario imperpetuum. Reddendo 

inde annuatim in festo Sancti Michaklts ipse et heredes vel sui quioumque 

ftierint assingnati {mc) mihi et heredibus mois duodooim denarios argenti pro 



275 



omnibus serviciis exaccionibus consuetudinibus sectis oiu-iaium auxiliis et 
aliis omnibus demandis secularibus. Et ego Robertus et heredes mei eidem 
HuGONi et heredibufi vel suis quicumque f uerint assingnatis (sic) totam mansionem 
prenominatam cum suis ibidem periinenciis contra omnes homines et fem- 
inas warenti2;abimus acquietabimus et defendemus imperpetuum. Et pro 
ista donacione concessione hujus presentis carte confinnaoione et warentiza- 
eione dedit mihi predictus Huoo duas marcas esterlingorum in gersumam. 
Et ut ista mea donaoio concessio hujus carte confirmaio et warenti- 
?iatio stabilitatem firmitudinem eternamque possideant et securitatem hane 
presentem cartam sigilK mei impressione roboravi et confirmavi. Hiis tes- 
tibus . doinino Willelmo de Sanct.\ Elena tunc vicecomite de Gtlomorgan . 
domino Rogero de Eexngny . domino Waltero de Sullia . domino Gilberto 
de Umfranvile militibus . Willelmo le Flemmang . Eadulfo de Somery . 
Willelmo Mailoc' . JoR^oRDO Grant . Jevfan Grant . Thoma Baudewine 
tunc famulo eomitatus et multis aliis. 
Seal, green wax : a fleur-de-lis. 

' -t- s' -1- rob' : fil' : rob' : hym'.' 

CCLXXVII. 
GRANT BY ROGER GRAMUS TO MARGAM ABBEY OF LAND 
NEAR GOYLAKE WITH A RESERVED RENT. 

[Margam Charter.] 1203. 

Omnibus S. e. f. ]». et f. Rogekus Grammus salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod ego consiho et consensu uxoris mee et heredum 
meorum atque amicorum meorum concessi et dedi et hac carta confirmtivi Deo 
e. S. M. de M. et monachis D. i. s. in puram et perpetuam elemosinam reddendo 
mihi et heredibus meis annuatim dimidiam marcam argenti . Medietatem scilicet 
ad festum Sancti Michaelis et medietatem ad Pascha . pi'o omni servicio 



276 



seculari consuetudine et exactione totam terrani a raagno lapide . qui jacet in 
directum versus Cohi Lakk ex estparte et ex sudparte raaene vie que vadit 
versus Castellura Ktbur . in feudofirmara habendam et tenendam de me et 
heredibus meis imperpetuum. Et ego et heredes mei totam hanc terram waran- 
tizabimus predictis monachis oontra omnes homines. Et si quod servicium domini 
Regis vel aliquod aliud inde requisitum fuerit . ego et heredes mei illud de 
reliquo tenemento adquietabimus. Ita ut raonachi ex toto quieti sint inper- 
petuum. Et sciendum quod ego accepi pre manibus redditum x°"'"- annorum 
anno ab incarnatione Domini m°- cc.°- iij"' His testibus . magistro Mauricio . 
Waltero Luvel . Ernaldo constabulario de Kenefeg . Willelmo de 
CoRNELi . Stephano clerioo . Willelmo Gole . Olemente filio magistri 
Mauricii . Willelmo de Marcros. 

Endorsed — ' Carta ejusdum de terra sua ad firmam.' 

CCLXXVIII. 

AGEEEMENT BETWEEN THE ABBEYS OF TEWKESBURY and 

MARGAM, WHEREBY THE CHURCH OP KENFEG IS 

GRANTED TO MARGAM FOR A YEARLY RENT of ten 

MARKS. 

[Margam Charter.] 1203—1213. 

In noraine Sancte et individue Trinitatis Patris et Filii et Spiritiis Sancti. 

Convenit inter doraura Tiieokesbekie et doraum de Margam super ecclesia de 

Kenefeg tali niodo . quod abbas et conventus Theokesberie concesserunt et 

dimiserunt ecclesiam ipsam cura capellis et terris et universis pertinentiis et 

libertatibus suis doraui de Margam in firmam perpetuam ad habeudum et 

tenendum et reddenduni imle noraine perpetue pensionis in ipso capitulo 

Theokesberie X. raaroas annuatira seilicet v. marcas Infra ootavas Pasohe et 

V; marcas infra ootavas Sanoti Michaelts. Et si evenerit doramuu abbatera 

Theokesberie devenire in partes illas . apud Kenefko sive apud Marqan 



277 



honeste proeur0.bitur ubi elegerit. Et domus de Margan capellanum inveniet et 
cetera necessaria sufficientia ad servitum ecclesie predicte et respondebit episcopo 
per omnia et de omnibus que ad ipsam pertinent. Et hoo totum factum est per 
assensum utriusque abbatis et utriusque capituli et scriptis et sigillis eorum 
confirmatum. 

Two seals in red wax. 

1. Pointed oval, 2fin. by IJin. ; an Abbot standing, flat mitre, right hand 
elevated in blessing, in the left hand an open book. 

Legend — ' + waltek [ma]rie theo sis.' 

2. If in. diam. ; a representation of Tewkesbury Abbey Church, with a row of 
four Norman arches, and a fantastic Chinese-looking tower of three stages, with 
ourved projeotions, sunnounted with a cock. 

Legend — ' + sig [abb]atie t sis.' 

Endorsed — ' De ecclesie de Keuefec carta prima.' 

Along the top of the deed, cut half across, is the word cirographum. 

CCLXXIX. 

GEANT BY HBNRY, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, OF A PEEPETUAL 
LEASE OF THE CHUECH OF KENFIG, TO MAECAM ABBEY, 
SUBJECT TO A PAYMENT OF TEN MAEKS YEAELY TO 
TEWKESBUEY ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1203—1213. 

Universis Sancte Matris ecolesie fUiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit 
H[enricus] D. g. Landavensis ecclesie minister humilis salutem gi'atiam Dei et 
benedictionem. 

Justitiam petentium desideriis animo nos decet benigno condescendere . et ea 
effeotu debito complere. Inde est quod uuiversitati vestre notimi facimus . quod 
nos petitioui et voluntati domini Walteri abbatis Theokesbirie . et ejusdem 



278 



loci conventus condescendentes . concessimus domui de Margan . ecclesiam de 
Kenefeg cimi omuibiis suis pertiuenciis et libertatibus in firmam perjietuam 
possidendam . solvendo siugulis anuis conventui Theokesbirie x. mai'cas 
argenti nomiue perpetue firme . scilicet v. infra octavas Pasche . et ^. infra 
oetavas Sancti Michaelis . salvo jm-e uostro in omnibus et suecessorum uos- 
trorum in perpetuum. Et ne nostra hujus firme peiijetue concessio malignancium 
improbitate imposterum possit infiingi . vel decursu magni temporis iu dubium 
devocari . eam presenti scripto . et sigilli nostri eonfii-mamus appositioue. Hiis 
testibus . Urbano Landavensi archidiacono . Nicholao thesaurario . Philippo 
decano de Gure \_i.e., Gower] et aliis multis. 

Seal ui light red wax. (Seal and coimterseal as deseribed iu Birch, p. 2S'<i, 
A.D. 1193—1218.) 

' + SIGILL HENRICI DEI GRACIA J.ANDAVENSIS EPISCOPI.' 
CCLXXX. 

BULL OF rOPE INNOCENT IIL, DIllECTED TO THE AECH- 
BISHOP OF CANTEEBURY AND THE CLERGY OF THE 
PROVINCE, IN FAVOUE OF THE CISTERCIAN ORDER. 
[Mahgam Charter. 6th Year.] IOth Nov. 1203. 

Innocentius episcopus servus servorum Dei veuerabilibus fratribus . Can- 
tuariensi areliiepiscopo . et suffraganeis ejus et dilectis filiis abbatibus prioribus 
decanis archidiaoonis . et aliis ecclesiarum prelatis in Cantuaribnsi provincia 
constitutis . salutem et apostolicam benedictionem. 

Non absque dolore cordis et plurima turbatioue didicimus quod ita in plerisque 
partibus ecclesiastica censura dissolvitm- . et canonice sententie severitas enervatm- . 
ut viri religiosi . et hii maxime qui per sedis apostolice privilegia majori donati 
svmt hbertate passim h malefactoi iVius suis injm-ias siistineant et rapinas . dum 
vix invenitur (jui congrua iUis protectione subvoniat . et jiro fovenda pauperum 



279 



innocentia se mumm defensionis opponat. Specialiter autem dilecti filii . abbas 
et fratres de Makgan Cisterciensis ordiuis tam de frequentibus iujuriis quam 
de ipso cotidiano defectu justitie conquerentes . imiversitatem vestram litteris 
petierunt apostolicis excitari . ut ita videlicet ei[s] in tribulationibus suis 
contra malefactores eorum prompta debeatis magnanimitate consurgere . quod ab 
angustiis quas sustiuent et pressuris . vestro possint presidio respLrare. Ideoque 
■ discretioni vestre per apostolica scripta maudamus . atque precipunus . quatenus 
illos qui possessiones vel res . seu domos predictorum fi-atrum vel hominum 
suorum iiTeverenter invaseiint aut ea injuste detinuerint que predictis fratribus 
ex testamento decedentium relinquuntur . seu in fratres ipsos contra apostolice 
sedis indulta sententiam excommunicationis aut interdicti presumpserint 
promulgare . vel decimas laborum seu nutrimentorum ipsorum spretis apostolice 
sedis privilegiis extorquere . monitione premissa si laici fuerint publice candelis 
accensis excommunicationis sententia pei-cellatis. Si vero clerici vel canonioi 
regulares seu monachi fuerint eos appellatione remota ab offioio et beneficio 
suspendatis . neutram relaxaturi sententiam . donec predictis fratribus plenarie 
satisfaciant . et tam laici quam clerici seculares qui pro violenta manuum 
injectione anathematis vincido fuerint innodati cum diocesani episcopi litteris ad 
sedem apostolicam venientes ab eodem vinculo mereantur absolvi. De monachis 
vero et canonicis regularibus id servetur . ut si ejusdem claustri fratres manus 
in se injecerint violentas per abbatem proprium . si vero unius claustri frater in 
fratrem alterius claustri hujusmodi presumpserit violentiam exercere . per 
injuriam passi et inferentis abbates absolutionis beneficium assequantur . etiam si 
eorum aliqui prius quam habitum reciperint regularem tale aliquid commiserimt . 
propter quod ipso actu excommunicationis sententiam incurrissent . nisi excessus 
ipsorum esset difficilis et enonnis . utpote si esset ad mutilationem membri vel 
sanguinis efiusionem processum aut violenta manus in episcopum vel abbatem 
injecta cum excessus tales et similes sine scandalo nequeant preteriri. Si vero in 
clericos seculares manus injecerint . pro vitando scandalo mittantur ad sedem 



280 



apostolicani absolveiidi. Villas autem iu L^uibus bona predictorum frati-aui vel 
hominum suorum per violentiam detenta fueriut . quamdiu ibi sunt interdicti 
sententiani supponatis. 

Datum Anagnif, . iiu. Id Novembris. Pontificatus nostri anno sexto. 

The leaden bulla of the Pope is appended by strands of green and yellow silk. 

Endorsed — ' Innocentius IIl"-- Nou absque dolore." ' De Margan.' ' Contra 

et detentores rerum uostrarum et manuum injection ' In a 

later hand — ' A prohibition to wronge the Howse of Morgan.' 
(Birch, Miirgrm Abbey, pp. 170 — 171.) 

CCLXXXI. 

BULL OF POPE INNOCENT III., DIRECTED TO THE ARCH- 
BISHOP OE CANTERBURT AND THE BISHOPS AND 
CLERGT OF THE PROVINCE, ORDERING THEM TO EX- 
COMMUNICATE THOSE WHO SEEK TO TAKE TITHES 
FROM MARGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Charter. GthTear.] 20thNov. 1203. 
Innocentius episcopus servus servorum Dei . veuerabilibus fratribus . Can- 
TUARiENSi archiepiscopo . et suffraganeis ejus . et dilectis filiis . abbatibus . 
prioribus . decanis . archidiaconis . et ahis ecclesiarum prelatis per Cantuari- 
ENSEM proviuciam eonstitutis saluteni et apostoKcam benedictionem. 

Audivimus ol audientes mirati sumus . quod cum dilectis filiis . abbati ot 
oonventui de Margan Cisterciensis ordinis a patribus et predecessoribus 
nostris concessum sit et a nobis ipsis postmodum indultum et confirmatum . ut de 
laboribus quos propriis manibus aut simiptibus excolunt . nemini decimas solvere 
teneantur . quidam ab eis uichilominus contra apostoUce sedis imhilgentias 
decimam exigere et extorquere ijresumuut . et prava ac siuistra interpretatione . 
apostolicorum privilegiorum capitulum pervertentes . asserunt de uovaUbus 
debere iutelligi ubi noscitur de laboribus esse scriptum. Quoniam igitur maui- 



281 



festum est omnibus qui recte sapiunt interpretationem hujusmodi perversam esse 
et intellectui sano contrariam. Cum secundum capitulmn illud a solutione decim- 
arum tam de terris illis quas deduxerunt vel deducimt ad cultum . quam de terris 
etiam cultis quas propriis manibus vel sumptibus excolunt liberi sint penitus et 
immunes . ne ullus contra eos materiam habeat maliguandi . universitati vestre 
per apostolica seripta precipiendo mandanms . quatinus omnibus parroehianis 
vestris auctoritate apostolice prohibere curetis . ne a memoratis fratribus de 
novalibus vel de aliis terris quas propriis manibus vel sumptibus excolunt . seu de 
nutrimentis aninialiuni ullatenus decimas presumant exigere vel quomodolibet 
extorquere. Quia vero non est conveniens vel honestura ut contra sedis apostolice 
indulgentias temere veniatur . que obtinere debent inviolabilem firmitatem . 
mandamus vobis firmiterque precipimus . ut si qui monachi . canonici . clerici . 
vel laici contra privilegia sedis apostolice memoratos fratres super decimarum 
exactione gi-avaveiTnt . laicos excommunicationis sententiani percellentes . 
monachos . canonicos . sive clericos contradictione . dilatione . et appellatione 
cessante ab ofEcio suspendatis . tam excommunicationis quam suspensionis 
sententiam faciatis usque ad dignam satisfacionem inviolabOiter observari . ad 

hec pre auctoritate precipiendo mandamus . quatinus si quis eonmdem 

pan-ochianorum vestronim in sepedictos fratres violentas manus inje[cerit] eum 
accensis candelis excommunicatum publice nuutietis . et tanquam excommuni- 
catum faciatis ab omnibus cautius evitari . donec eisdem fi-atribus congrue 
satisfaciat . et cum litteris diocesani episcopi rei veritatem continentibus apostolico 
se conspectui representet. 

Datum Anagnie . xii. Kalend. Deeembris. Pontificatus nostri anno sexto. 

Leaden bulla of Innocent III. appended by strands of yellow and red silk. 

Endorsed — 'Innocentius III"^- De decimis non dandis de novalibus . et de 
terris quas propriis manibus . aut sumptibus excolimus.' In a later hand — 
* Innocentius. Morgan free from tithe.' 

(Bu'ch, Margam Abbei/, p. 171.) 

2L 



282 



CCLXXXII. 

BULL OF POPE INNOCENT III., CONFERRING THE POS- 
SESSIONS OF, AND CONFERRING VARIOUS PRIVILEGES, 
TTPON MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Makgam Charter. 6th Year.] 20th Nov. 1203. 

Innocentius episcopus servus servorum Dei . dilectis filiis GrLTBERTO abbati 
de Margan ejusque fratribus tam presentibus quam futuris regularem vitam 
professis in perpetuum. 

Religiosam vitam eligentibus apostolicum convenit adesse presidium . ue forte 
cujuslibet temeritatis incursus aut eos a proposito revocet aut robui- quod absit 
sacre religionis infringat. Ea propter dilecti in domino filii vestris justis postu- 
lationibus clementer annuimus . et prefatum monasteriura sancte Dei genitricis 
et virginis Marie in quo divino mancipati estis obsequio sub beati Petri et 
nostra protectione suscipimus . et presentis soripti privilegio communimus. 
In primis siquidem statuentes ut ordo monastieus qui secundura Deum et 
beati Benedicti regulam atque institutionem Cisterciensium fratrum in 
eodem monasterio institutus csse dinoscitur . perpetuis ibidera teraporibua 
inviolabiliter observetm-. Preterea quascuraque possessiones quecumque bona 
idem monasterimn impresentiarum juste et canonice possidet aut iu 
futmum concessione Poutificum . largitione Regum vel Principum . oblatione 
fidelium . seu aliis justis modis prestante domino poterit adipisci firma vobis 
vestrisque successoribus et illibata pennaneant. In quibus liee proprii duximus 
exprimenda vocabulis. Locura ipsura in quo prefatum monasterium sitimi est 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. Ex dono Roberti et Willhlmi coraitura 
Kenefeg et Auenam fluvios . et possessiones quas inter ipsos habetis. Lewert [i.e., 
lewrec] de mari oum pertinentiis suis. In territorio de Kenefeg . ex dono Kederec 
et heredum ejus oentum acras terre. Ex dono Hugonis de Herefordia totidem. 
Ex ilono WiLLELMi Gii.i.K ct heredum ojus . quadraginta acras. Ex dono 



283 



GiLiBERTi Gramm[ls] ct hereduin ejus quinquagmta acras. Ex dono Gtruni 
filii Cadian viginti acras . et possessiones quas habetis ex dono burgensium de 
Kenefeg . et Hherorum Walensium. Ex dono Q-alfrido S[t]urmi et heredum 
ejus . teiTam Sturmi cum omnihus pertinentiis suis. Terram de Hauedhaloc 
cum omnihus pertinentiis suis. Possessiones quas hahetis inter fluvium Kenefeg 
et montem Baiban. Ex dono Willelmi Scurlag feodum de Landgewi cum 
pertinentiis suis. Ex dono Pagani de Turbervilla centum acras terre in 
CoiccH.'VRT. Ex dono Thome Lageles . ceutum acras. Terram Killeculin 
cum pertinentiis suis. Ex dono Henrici de Umframvill' centum et septuaginta 
acras terre. Ex dono Hugonis de Landcaruan triginta et quinque acras. Ex 
dono Wlgani de Pendewelin . duodecim acras. Ex dono Johannis de 
Bonevilla . triginta acras. Ex dono Willelmi Citharedi duodeoim acras. 
Ex dono Templariorum quadraginta acras. Terram Pultimor cum pertinentiis 
suis. Grangiam Ro.ssaulim cum pertinentiis suis. Possessiones quas hahetis 
in Marisco de Auena. Commimem pastm-am inter Neth' . et Tafe . in 
hosco et in plano. In Kenefeg mesuagium unmu. Apud Bristollum mesu- 
agia duo. Apud Novumburgum . mesuagium unum. Mesuagia que hahetis 
in villa de Cardif et possessiones vestras in territorio ejus . cum pratis terris 
nemoribus mesuagiis et pascuis . in hosco et plano . in aquis et molendinis . 
in viis et semitis . et omnibus aliis libertatibus et mimunitatihus ad predicta 
loca vestra spectantihus. 

Sane lahormn vestrorum quos propiiis manihus aut sumptihus colitis tam de 
terris cultis quam incultis sive de ortis et virgultis et piscationihus vestris . vel de 
nutrimentis animalium vestrorum nullus a vobis decimas exigere vel extorquere 
presumat. Liceat quoque vohis clericos vel laicos liberos et ahsolutos o seculo 
fugientes ad conversionem recipere . et eos ahsque coutradictione aliqua retinere. 
Prohihemus insuper ut nulli fratnim vestronim post factam in monasterio vestro 
professionem fas sit absque abbatis sui licentia de eodem loco discedere . disce- 
dentem vero ahsque communium litterarum vestrarum cautione nullus audeat 



284 



retinere. Quod si quis forte retinere presnmpserit . lieitiun vobis sit in ipsos 
inonachoB vel oonversos regularem sententiam promulgare. Illud districtius 
inhibentes de terras seu quodiibet beneficium ecclesie vestre oollatum liceat alicui 
personaliter dare sive alio modo alienari . absque consensu totius oapituli vel 
majoris aut sanioris partis ipsius. Si que vero donationes aut alienationes aliter 
quam dictum est facte fuerint eas irritas esse censemus. Ad hec eciam prohibe- 
mus ne aliquis monachus sive conversus sub professione vestre domus astrictus 
sine consensu et licentia abbatis et majoris partis capituli vestri pro aliqiio 
fidejubeat . vel ab aliquo pecuniam miituo aecipiat idtra pretium capituli vestri 
providentia constitutum . nisi propter manifestam domus vestre utilitatem. Quod 
si facere presumpserit non teneatur conventus pro hiis aliquatenus respondere. 
Licitimi preterea sit vobis in causis propriis sive civilem sive criminalem contineant 
questionem fratrum vestrorum testimoniis uti . ne pro defectutestium jusvestrura 
in aliquo valeat deperire. Insuper auctoritate apostolica inhiberaus . ne uUus 
episcopus vel quelibet alia persona ad sinodos vel conventus forenses vos ii-c . vel 
judieio seculari de vestra propria substantia vel possessionibus vestris subjaeere 
compellat . nec ad domos vestras causa ordines celebraudi . causas traetrandi . 
vel eonventus aliquos publieos convocandi . venire presumat . nec regidarem 
electionem abbatis vestri impcdiat aut de institueudo vel removendo eo qui pro 
tempore fuerit contra statuta Cisterciensis ordinis so aliquatenus intromittat. 
Si vero episcopus iu cujus parrochia domus vestra fundata est cum humilitate ac 
devotione qua convenit requisitus substitutum abbatem bencdicere et alia que ad 
officium episcopale portinent vobis conferre renuerit . licitum sit eidcm abbati si 
tamen sacerdos fuerit . proprios novitios benedicere et alia quc ad officium suum 
pertinent exercere . et vobis omnia iiL alio episoopo percipere (pie a vestro fueriut 
indebite denegata. Illud adieientes ut iu recipiendis professionibiis que a bone- 
dictis vel bonedicendis abbatibus exibentui- . ea sint episcopi forma et expressione 
contenti . que ab origino ordinis noseitur instituta . ut seilicet abbates ipsi salvo 
ordine suo profiteri debeant . et eoutra statuta ordinis sui uulhim professionem 



285 



facere compellantur. Pro consecrationibus vero altantm vel eccleslarum sive pro 
oleo sancto vel quolibet ecclesiastico sacramento nullus a vobis sub obtentu 
consuetudinis vel alio modo quicquam audeat extorquere . sed bec omnia gratis 
vobis episcopus diocesanus impendat. Alioquin liceat vobis quemcumque malu- 
eritis catholicum adire autistitem . gratiam et communionem apostolice sedis 
babentem qui nostra fretus auctoritate . vobis qtiod postulatur irapendat. Quod 
si sedes diocesani episcopi forte vacaverit interim omnia ecclesiastica sacramenta 
[a] vicinis episcopis acciijere libere et absque contradictione possitis sic tamen ut 
ex hoc in postenmi propriis episcopis nullum prejudiciiun generetur. Quia vero 
interdum proprionim episcoponmi copiam non habetis si quem episcopum EoM.iNE 
sedis ut diximus communionem habentem . et de quo plfenam noticiam habeatis . 
per vos trausire eontigerit ab eo benedictiones vasorum et vestium . cousecrationes 
altarium . ordinationes monachonim auctoritate apostolice sedis recipere valeatis . 
Porro si episcopi vel aJii ecclesiaram rectores in monasteiium vestrum vel persoaas 
inibi constitutas suspensionis . exeommimicationis vel interdicti sententiam pro- 
mulgaverit . sive etiam in mercennarios vestros pro eo quod decimas non solvitis 
sive aliqua occasione eorum que ab apostolica benignitate vobis indulta simt . 
seu beuefactores vestros pro eo quod aliqua vobis beneficia vel obsequia ex 
caritate prestiterint . vel ad laborandimi adjuverint iu illis diebus in (juibus vos 
laboratis et alii feriantm' eandem sententiam protulerint . ipsam tamquam contra 
sedis apostolice indulta proLitam duximus irritandam . nec littere ille firmitatem 
habeant quas tacito nomiue Cisterciensis ordinis . et contra teuorem apostoli- 
corum privilegiorum constiterit impetrari. Paoi quoque et trauquillitati vestre 
paterna imposterum sollicitudine providere volentes . auctoritate apostolica 
prohibemus ut infra clausuras loeorum seu grangiarum vestramm nullus rapinam 
seu fiu-tum facere . ignem apponere . sanguinem fimdere . hominera teraere 
oapere vel interficere seu violentiam audeat exercere. Preterea omnes libertates 
et immunitates a predecessoribus nostris Romants pontificibus ordini vestro eon- 
cessas . uecnon et libertates et exemptioues secidarium exactionum a liegibus et 



286 



principibus . vel aliis fidelibus rationabiliter vobis indultas auotoritate apostolioa 
confirmamus . et presentis scripti privilegio communimus. 

Decemimus ergo ut nulli omnino hominimi liceat prefatum monasterium temere 
pertm-bare . aut ejus possessiones auferre . vel ablatas retinere . minuere . seu 
quibuslibet vexationibus fatigare . sed omnia integra conservenfur . eorum pro 
quorum guberuatione ac sustentatione concessa sunt usibus omnimodis profutura. 
Salva sedis apostolice auetoritate. Si qui igitur in futurimi ecclesiastica seou- 
larisve persona hanc nostre constitutionis paginam sciens contra eam temere 
venire temptaverit . secundo tertiove commonita nisi reatum suum congrua 
satisfactione correxcrit . potestatis honorisque sui dignitate careat . reamque 
66 divino judicio existere de perpetrata iniquitate cognoscat . et a sacratissimo 
corpore ae sanguine Dei et domini redemptoris nostri Jhesu Christi aliena fiat . 
atque in extremo examine districte ultioni subjacet. Cunotis autem eidem loco 
sua jura servantibus sit pax doniini nostri Jhesu Christi . quatinus et hio 
fructum boue actionis percipiant et apud distrietum judieem premia eteme 
pacis inveniant. Ameu. Amen. Amen. 

The sentences in the circuhir devioe at the foot are : — ' Sanctus Petrus.' 
' Sanetus Paulus.' ' Innocentius Papa III.' ' 4- Fac mecum . domine signum 
in bonum.' (Psal. i.xxxv. 17.) 

Ego Innocentius eatholice ecclesie episeopus. S.' 

' Bene valete ' in a monogram. 

t Ego Oct[avianus] Hostikn.sis ct Vki.i.etrensis episcopus S. 

t Ego Johannes Albanensis episcopus. S. 

t Ego Jordanus Sancte Pudentiane titulo pastoris presbj-ter cardiualis. S. 

t Ego HuGo prosbyter cardinalis Sancti Martini titulo equitij. S. 

t Ego Johannes titulo Sancte Prisck presbyter cardinalis. S. 

t Ego Cencius . Sanctomm Johannis ot r\ui.i presbyter eardinalis titulo 
Pamachii. S. 

t Ego Gregohius litiJo Saucti Vitai.is presbyter eardinalis. S. 



287 



t Ego Benedictus titulo Sanete Susanxe presbyter cardinalis. S. 

t Ego Leo titulo Sancte Crucis in Jerusalem presbyter cardinalis. S. 

t Ego Grat[ianus] Sanctorum Cosme et Damiani diaconus cardinalis. S. 

t Ego GrER^AKDUs] Sancti Adriani diaconus cardinalis. S. 

t Ego GrREGORius Saucti Georgii ad velum am-emn diaconus cardinalis. S. 

+ Ego HuGO Sancti Eustachii diaeonus cardinalis. S. 

t Ego JoHANNES Sancte Marie in Cosmidin diaconus cardinalLs. S. 

Datum Anagnie per manuni Johannis Sancte Romajje ecclesie subdiaconi et 
notarii . xu. Kalend. Decembr. indictione . vij»- incarnationis Dominice anno 
M"- cc" iiJ"- Pontifieatus vero domni Innocentii Pape lu. anno sexto. 

Tbe leaden bulla of tbe Pope is appended by strands of green silk. 

Endorsed at various times — ' Anno 1203.' ' Innocentius.' ' Kenfigge et Avan 
fluvios.' 'Margam.' 'Margan.' 

(Bii'cb, Margam Abhcy, pp. 171 — 174.) 

(1) ' For Signavi." 
Several o{ the namea of the places are erroneously spelled by the scribe. 



ccLxxxin. 

GRANT BY KING JOHN OF THE WHOLE LAND OF GOWER, 
WITH ITS BOUNDARIES, TO WILLIAM DE BRAOSE. 

[P.R.O., a.R. MisrF,i.L. BooKs, Vol. I.] 

4 JoHN. 23 Feb., 1203. 

JoHANNES Dei gi-acia Rex Anglie Dominus Hibernie . Dux Normannie . 
Aquitannie et Comes Andegavie . archiepiscopis . episcopis . abbatibus . 
comitibus . baronibus . justiciariLs . vicecomitibus . balHvis . et omnibus ministris 
et fidelibus suis salutem. 

Sciatis nos dedisse coucessisse et presenti carta nostra confirmasse dilecto et 
fidell nostro . Willelmo de Braosa totam terram de Guher cum omuibus 



288 



pertinenciis suis in Wallia. Habeudam et tenendam sibi et heredibiis siiis <le 
nobis et heredibus nostris per servieium uuius militis pro omne servicio. (iuare 
volumus et firmiter preeipimus . quod predietus Wii.lelmus de Braoso et 
heredes suipost ipsum habeant et teneant totam predictam terram de Gtiheb 
eum onmibus pertineueiis suis in Wat.lia de nobis et heredibus nostris per pre 
dictum servieium . sicut predictum est bene . et in pace . libere et quiete. 
Integre plenarie . et honorifice . cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis eonsuetudi- 
nibus suis in oranibus locis et omnibus rebus ad predictam terram pertinontibus. 
Hii s testibus . Baldewino comite Albemarlie . Willelmo de Humet . con- 
stabulario Normannie . Eadulpho Tacone . tunc seneseallo Normannie . 
EoBERTO de Harecurt . HuGONE de Gornaco . JoHANNE de Pr.\tellis . Petro 
de Stokes. 

Datum per mauum Hugonis de Well' apud Eothomagum . xxii.i. die 
Febraarij . anno regni nostri . quarto. 

Logherne va desques a Amman e parte la terre de Govhek e la terre de 
OARNEWALDHAr . Amman parte parentre Gtouher e Iskennyn et le Commod 
p'uED desques a Lleuenedh. E Lleueneth desques a Claudhoweyn. E Claud- 
HOVFEVN desques a Tourthe. Tourthe departe entre Gtouher et la ten-e de 
Breckeneu desques a Tawy. Tawy departe entre Gouher e la tcrre le coimte 
de G-LoucESTRiE desques a Aber Gleys . [De] Gleys . desquesaMEYNHiRYON . De 
Meynhirion . desques a Crimelyn . De Crimelvn . desques a Pulcanan . De 
Pulcanan desques a Neth . desques a la Meek . et cetera. 

Marginal title — ' Ija chartre de la terre de Goulier. E les bundes . dc ineime 
la terre.' 

This ia a very imporUnt dociiment, and was {reiiueutly citcd iu law proceedings long aftcrwards. 



289 



CCLXXXIV. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE HOUSES OF CAEELEON AND 
MARGAM CONCERNING DIVISION OF LANDS BETWEEN 
THE RIVERS NEATH AND TAFF. 

[Hakl. Charter, 75 A. 32.] 120.'3. 

lu uouiine Saucte et iudividue tiinitatis coutroversia que iuter domuni de 
Kaerlytjn et donium de Margan mota fuit super Heneysna\\t:ht et pastiu'is 
inter Neht et Tafh hoc modo sopita est . ct per asseusum utriusque couventus 
finali eoucordia termiuata. Scilicet quod sicut Rotheni Maur a primo capite 
suo cadit in fluvium Taph . et ab illo capite iu directum usque ad Fennaun 
Arthur . et a Fennaun Arthur usque ad Magnam Polam . et ab illa pola 
sicut aqua de Wkelec cadit iu fluviimi de Neht. Quicquid est iufra Ikjs 
terminos versus mare inter fluvium de Thaph et fluvium de Neht totum 
remanebit domui de Margan tam illud quod adquisienmt quam quod sibi 
adquirere poteiimt. Ita quod infra lios temiiuos uichil remanebit domui de 
Kaerliun . ueque de hoc quod ante hanc conventionem adquisierunt . neque 
de hoc quod postea adquirere poterunt. Ex alia vero parte quicquid est iuter 
fluvium de Thaph et fluvium de RcriHENi ' Maur ' totum remanebit domxii de 
Kaerhun . tam illud quod adquisiei-unt quam quod sibi adquii-ere poterimt . 
ita quod illi de M.\rgan ibidem nichil sibi retinebunt de eo quod adquisierunt 
vel adquirere potenmt . excepta commuua de Hyrwenunworgan . a rivulo 
Wrelec usque ad Aberdar . et nomiuatim quitum clamavenuit illi de Margan 
domui de Kaerliun totum clamium suum quod habuermit de Henesnawyt' 
et infra predictos termiuos sine omni retenemento in pei-petuum excepta predicta 
communa de HiRWENUNnvoRGAN. Et pro hae quita clamatioue dedit douiu.s 
de Kaerliun domui de Makgan in capitulo suo . vj. Kbras argenti. Amio ab 
incarnatione Domuii m"- cc"- iij"- 

1. Seal wanting. 

2 M 



290 



2. Seal, dark brown wax, fragmeutary, IJin. diam. A riglit liaud and 
vested arm, tasselled and cuffed, issuing from the right side, and holdiug a 
pastoral staff in pale. lu tlie field three stars. 

' l' .\bb'is de caklio ' 

The word cyrographum eut tluwigh at the top. 

Endorsed — ' Compositio iuter domum de Margan et domum de Kaeriiuu.' 

OCLXXXV. 

EOYAL ORDER TO THE SHERIFF OF GLOUCESTER TO PAY 
TBN MARKS TO W. DE BRAOSE FOR THE USE OF LEISAN, 
SON OF MORGAN, WHO IS BRINGING TWO HUNDRED 
WELSHMEN TO JOIN THE KING'S FORGES. 

[ROTUL. DE LlBERATE, p; 88.] 1204. 

Rex etc .... vicecomiti Glouoestrie etc . . . . Liberate dUecto et fideli nostro 
W. de Breosa X. mareas ad opus Leisani Waiensis filii Morgani qui veniet in 
servicium nostrum cum rv. Walensibus, et computate etc. Teste G. filio Petri, 
apud Windesores, xxvih. die Marcii. Per eundem. [Petrum de Rupibus.] 

CCLXXXVI. 

THE ABBOT OF MAROAM PAYS A FINE OF TWENTY MARKS 

AND A PATiFREY FOR A ROYAI. CIIARTER. 

[RoTn.. DK FiN., p. 2()9. « John.] 1205. 

Abbas et mouachi de Morgan diiut xx. marcas et n. palefredos pro habeuda 
carta domini Regis de protectioui' et quod quieti sint de theloueo et omui alia 
eonsue[tudine] per omues terras domuii Regis de blado et de omuibus aliis 
rebus que ad opus suum propriura emerint vel de suo proprio veudiderint et pro 
.:()nfirmanda carta sua do possessionibus suis. Abbas de Ford est plegium. 
[Uuia pacaveruut iu camera apud Siok']. 



291 



CCLXXXVII. 

KING JOHN'S CHAETER TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[RoTTJL. Chart., p. 149.] 120.5. 

JoHANNES Dei gi'atia etc. Sciatis nos concessisse, et hac carta nosti-a 
confirmasse, Deo et ecclesiae sanctae M^\.rim de Morgax et monaohis ibidem 
Deo servientibus omnes subseriptas donationes eis rationabiliter factas, 
seilicet ex dono R. comitis Glocestri.«; et Willelmi filii ejus terras inter 
AvENE et Kenefeg' cum pertinentiis, et mnmi bm-gagium iu Kenefeg, et 
ummi bm-gagiimi in Kaerdif, et uinmi lnu'gagium in Novo Bukgo, et unum 
burgagium in Bristoll', ex dono eonmdem. Ex dono Hiigonis de HEREFORn 
c. acras. Ex douo Retherech et heredmn ejus c. aoras. Ex dono Gilberti 
GRAMUS et heredmn ejus l. acras. Ex dono Willelmi Gtille et heredum ejus 
XL. acras. Ex dono Warini filii Kadigan xx. acras. Ex dono bmgensium et 
liberorum hominum de Kenefeg quicquid habent in villa de Kenefeg vel extra. 
Ex dono MoRGANi filii Oeni Havedhaloch quicquid continetur inter 
Kenefeg et Baytham. Ex dono Willelmi Scurlagge et heredmn ejus 
feodum de Langvvt. Ex dono Nicolai Puinz et concessione David 
ScuRLAGGE totum feodum illud de Lang^nt. Ex dono Thome Lagthles 
c. acras. Ex dono Morgani filii Cradoci et homimun ejus quiequid 
habent ui territorio Novi Castelli. Ex dono Henrici de Humfravilla 
apud Lasdinatum c. et lx. acras. Et dono Johannis de Bonevilla c. acras 
Ex dono Templariorum xl. aeras. Ex dono Morgani filii Cradoct Puntlimor. 
Ex dono HuGONis Langkarvan et heredum ejus xxxiii. acras. Ex dono 
XJrbani sacerdotis de Pondewelin xii. acras. Ex dono bm'gensium sive 
liberorum hominmn de Kaerdif qmcquid habent iu -viUa de Kaerdif vel extrii. 
Ex dono Morgani filii Cr.\doc' quicquid habent in marisco de Aven et 
RossAVERu et commimem pastm-am in montanis inter Taf et Neth. Ex dono 
Gi8[telard et heredum] ejus terram quam idem Gtistelard tenuit de Kenefeg. 



292 



Habenda et tencnda in perpetuuni sicut carte douatoruni quas indc habent 
rationabiliter testantiu-. 

Concessinius etiam et confirmanius eis omnes alias donationes, vendiciones, et 
invadiationes, eis rationabiliter factas vel faciendas, sieut cartse donatorum, 
venditorura, et invadiatorum quas inde habent vel habitiu-i sunt, testantur vel 
testabuntur. Q,uare vohimus. etc. Testibus . domino H. Caxt. archiep. Domino 
E. EiA-ENsi episcopo . Gr. filio Petri . Saheko de Quency . Simone de 
Pateshill . Petro de Stok' . E.eginaldo de Cornhill . Fulcone de Kantilupo. 
Datum per manum J. de Well', apud Westmonasterium. xv. die Maii, anno 
regni etc. vi. 

A former confirmition [CCIII.] was grantecl by John a^ Earl of lloreton. The present (as Kiug) 
descends far more into particular.s. It ia remarkable how few of the donoris are known as county land- 
owners. The exceptions are the Earls ot Gloucester, Morgan of Avan, Humfraville, Bonville, and 
Scurlagge. Most of the rest are either unknown, or known onl}- bj- these donations, such as Sturmy , Burdiu. 

It appears by an inqui,^itiou «lated loth Jiiue, 1400, that Richard Scurlag the younger died on 2oth July, 
1.490, seized of a mill, lauds, and tenements in Lanrythian in Gower, and that Richard Mansell, his next 
lieir, was a minor in the h:>uds o( tlit- Kiug. i'epresented by William Stradling. Seneschal of Gower. The 
Ward.ship fell first to Tliomas Beaucliamp, Earl of Warwick. and ou his death to Thomas de Mnwbray, and 
tben to Thomas, his son, Duke of Norfolk, who being under age, thc Kmg stepped in and acted by the 
Seneschal. Mansel was graudsou of a Richard Mansell, who married Lucy Scnrlag, eventiial heiress. 
Lucy Scorlag, or Scurlag, thus carried her lands to the Mansels, who still, as Mansel-Talbots, retain- them. 
Scurlag Castle is close west of Penrice Church. No masonry is iu aitu, but tliere is a moderate-sized 
moated mound. It ia a Manor, and there is another Manor of the samc name a little south of Llantrisant, 
probably foimded by the same faniily before they passed into Gower. A brancli migr;ited into Ireland, and 
became Scurlock. 

CCLXXXVIII. 
KING JOHN'S CHAETER OF PEOTECTION TO MAEQAM 

ABBEY. 
[EoTUL. Chart., p. 141).] 1204. 

Eex omnibus etc. Sciatis qiind abbas, et monachi, (>t cou^crsi, ct dduius de 
Morgan, et grangito cjusdcm domus suut in custodia et protectione nostra et 
ideo vobis mandamus etc. quod eos et omnia sn;i lustodiatis, manuteneatis, ot 
dcfendatis siout dominlca nostia, ct iinn faciatis uiit ficri pcrmittatis eis aliquam 



293 



injuriam, gravameu, vel molestiam, et si eis in aliquo forisfactum fuerit id eis 
sine clilatione faciatis emendari. Et ooncessimus eis quod sint quieti de theloneo 
et omui alia consuetudine per omnes terras nostras, de blado et tle omuibus aliis 
rebus, quse ad opus suum proprium emerint vel de suo proprio vendiderint, et 
prohibemus ne quis eos super hoc impeiliat super forisfaetiu-am x. librarum ad 
opus nostmm et xx-s-. ad opus vicecomitis nostri, et prohibemus ne ponantm- iu 
placito de aliquo tenemento suo nisi coram nobis vel coram capitali justiciario 
uostro. Testibus Gr. filio Pktki comite Essex . Sahero de Quency . Petko de 
Stok' . FuLCONE de Cantilvv. Apud Windes. xx. [ ? dio Maii]. 

The Mise and Prestite RoUs state that King Jolm w.is in Cardiff in 1210, on the Tuesday before 
Ascension Day [2.ith May], and at Margam on the Thursday followiug, when he went to Swansea, was 
there Saturday, and on Monday was at Haverford on liis way to Ireland. The record that fixes his preaence 
at Margam is as toUows : — 

'Die Teneris in crastino Ascensionis Domini apud Margan. Jolianni filio Cardonis de FresenevUla de 
prestito super terram patris sui x. m:irca.s pro Rege liberatas eidem Johanni.' [Rot. de Prest. Memb. 8, 
12 .Toh.] 

Iu the same year another entry shews tbe King to have visited Margam on his return to Englaud. On 
Tuesday. the Feast of St. Bartholomew, lie was at Dublin ; on the following Tluirsday at Fishguard ; uext 
daj' at Haverford ; on the Saturday at Margam, and on Monday at Newport. on his way to Bristol. The 
Margam entry is very brief . 

'Die Sabbati proxima [29th August] apud Margan Ricardo de Samford militi ij marcas liberatas 
Stefano de Bayuaa.' [Ibld. Memb. .S, 12 Joh.] 

It is recorded that John was so satisfied with his rcception, that he excepted Margam from hLs extortions 
on the Cistercian Monasteries ; the only other exception being Beaulie, his own foundation. If the royal 
visits were on the scale of that paid by .Tolin to Bury Abbey, Margam must have been a flourishing 
corporation to bear the expenses. 

CCLXXXIX. 

KING JOHN'S CHARTER OF A FAIR IN THE CITY TO THE 
BISHOPS OF LLANDAFF. 

[RoTUL. Chart., p. 159.] 1205. 

JoHANNES D. g. Rex etc. Sciatis uos coucessisse et hac carta nostra confinnasse 

domino Henrico episcopo Landavensi et successoribus suis, quod habeaut i. 

feriam apud Landaviam siugidis annis per iiii. dies duraturam, scilicet, in 

crastino Pentecosti et tribus diebus sequentibus, et quod habeant ibidem i. 



294 



mereatiiru qualibet septimana per (liem Dominicam, ita tamen quod predicta 
feria et predictum mercatum nou sint ad nocumeutimi viciaarum feriariun et 
yicinorum mercatorum. Ciuai'e etc. quod predictus episcopus et sucoessores sui 
habeant et teueant predictam feriam et predictiuu mercatiun in predicto loco 
bene, et in pace, et integre, in omnibus locis et rebus, emn omnibus libertatibus et 
liberis consuetudinibus ad hujusmodi feriam et mercatum pertinentibus sicut 
predictmu est. Testibus . W. Comite marescallo . Comite Albric' Comite David . 
P. de S'1'ok' . RoB. de Roppell' . G. de Lt;cY . Fulconei. de Cantiltjpo. Datum 
per maniun H. de Welles archidiaconi Wellensis, apud Bristoll' ix. die 
Septembris, amio etc. \u. [Ista carta facta fuit et concessa dum sigillum fuit in 
manu domini Regis.] 

CCXC. 

NOTICE OF THE GRANT BY KING JOHN TO HENRY OF 
ABERGAVENNY, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, OF AN ANNUAL 
FAIR ON WHIT-MONDAY AND THREE FOLLOWING DAYS, 
AND A MARKET EVERY SUNDAY AT LLANDAFF. 

[Ex Archivis in Turr. Lond. Cakt. 7 John, m. 5.] 
[B. Willis, Survey of Llanuaff, p. 112.] 

9Skpt., 1205. 

Rex concessit H. episcopo Landavensi quod ipse et successores sui haberent 
unam feriam singuHs annis per quatuor «lies in < rastino Pentecostes, et tribus 
diebus sequentibus, et mercatum qualibet septimana per diem Dominieam apud 
Landaviam.i 

Datum apud Bristolliam ix. Scptembris. 

Title — ' Episcopo Landavensi Landaviae Feria concessa.' 

Cf. No. CCLXXXIX. 

Which (air, haviiig becomc a very scrious miisance, was abolishcil towards the middle of tlic ninetecnth 
century. 

(1) 'Limiiavcn,' in error, in the Survev. 



295 



CCXCI. 

SmT BETWEBN HENEY DE ST. QUINTIN AND STEPHEN 

DE ST. HILLAEY. 



[ROTUL. DE FlN., 323., 7 JOHN.] 



1205. 



Q-LANMORGAN. Herbertcs dc Sancto Quintino dat quinque marcas pro convin- 
cendo xii. juratores per xxiv. qui fueiiiut recognitores in assaisa nove dissaisine 
aiTainiata inter ipsum Blerbertum et Stephanum de Sancto Hillario de libero 
tenemento ipsius Herberti in Lamblethyam. 

Hevebert de St. Quintin tests a Charter bj- R. de Haia in the time of Fitzhamou [N. Mon., iv., 633]. 
Richard de St. Quintin, in the time of William, Earl of Gloucester, gave the Church of Frome St. Quintin 
to Tewkesbury; and Richard de GrauviUe gave to Neath the mill of Pandelia, which he held of Richard 
de St. Quintin [N. Mon., v., 58]. They were a wealthy and numerous race, holding lands m Wilts, Dorset, 
Esses, and Torkshire, in which last Coanty thc name is still found. In Glamorgan they built the Castle of 
Llanblethian, of which a good Edwardian gate-house remains. 

1205. Herbert gave 30ii for his holding of ten fees of the Honour of Gloucester in Wilts [R. de Oblatis , 
3 John]. a John, he is raled upon one fee in the same Honour. Also another Herbert held lands, 
43 Edward III.. under Hugh de Audley and Margaret, his wife [A.R.O. 11]. 

In 1201 he holda the ten fees in Wilts, and in 120u Herbert de St. Quintin and Agnes, his wife, held 
lands iu Yorkshire, and probably this is the Herbert referred to in the Charter. Herbei"t de St. Quintin was 
summoned to Parliament in 1294, and in consequeuce the Earl of Pembroke, who married hLs heir general, 
assumed tlie creation of a Barony in fee ; biit tlie connexion with the Glamorgan family, though highly 
probable, has uot been proved. 



CCXCII. 
GRANT BY MORGAN, SON OF OWEN, TO MARGAM ABBEY 
OF THE LAND OF HAVEDHALOK, BETWEEN THE 
WATERS OF KENEFia AND BAITHAN. 

[Margam Charter.] Ante 1205. 

Sciant onmes tam p. q. f. quod ego Morganus filius Oweny consilio et consensu "Tl ' ^ 
parentum et heredum meorum dedi et concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi D. e. 
B. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. in perpetuam elemosinam totam terram meam de 



-B... 



eri K.-C ' 



296 



Havkdhalok que jacet inter duas aquas scilieet Kenkf' et Baithan . et vatlit iu 
montana usque ad crucem que sita est . juxta magnani viam . per easdem 
divisas per quas unquam eam melius et liberiua teuuit Owexcs pater meus. 
Habendimi et tenendum de me et heredibus meis imperpetuimi. Reddendo iude 
iniohi et heredibus meis aunuatim viginti solidos . octavo sciUcet die aute natali 
Domini pvo omni servicio . consuetudine . et seculari exactione. Hanc autem 
tcn-am dodi cis cum bosco et plano . cimi moris et mariscis . cum pratis et 
jiastmis . iu longum et latimi cum omnibus aisiamentis et libertatibus sius . ut 
habeaat et teneant eam de me et heredibus meis Ubere et quiete et pacifice sicut 
idla elemosiua liberius vel quietiiLs potest teneri imperpetmmi. Salvo michi et 
heredibus meis anuuo redditu viginti soHdoriun sicut predictum est. Et ego et 
heredes mei hauc teiTam prefatis monachis warantizabimus et adquietabimus 
contra ouines homines tam proiiiuquos quam extraueos imperpetuum. Et si 
aliquod servieiiim de prefata terra aliquando requisitum fuerit ego et heredes 
mei illud omnino faciemus et adquietabimus. Et sciendum quod ego Morgands 
affidavi et super sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan . jm-avi quod hee omuia predicta 
fideliter et sine dolo sei-vabo et tenebo predictis monachis imperpetumu. Et ad 
majorem securitatem salvo teuore carte mee eis nos plegios inveni . scUicet Hoki, 
filium Traharn . et (triffinum filiiuu Meurio . et Wii.i.klmum et Hoei.um 
fratres ejus . et Eicardum filium Mored' et Morganum Kam . et Ai.aith filium 
Ythknardi . et Resum Choch. Hiis testibus . domino Gkrvasio . Mknevensi 
episcopo . iu cujus preseneia hec facta fuerunt . ct qul in hujus rei testunonimu 
huic scripto sigilhun .suum apposuit. Makiino Mknevensi ai-chidiacouo . 
Magi^tro Mathia de Brechen' . Magistro H. de Clune . Magistro Willei.mo 
de Capklla . Henrico dc Umfr.vmvilla . Reimundo de Sulik . Willelmo de 

SUMKRV . AVlLI.KI.MO dc Ui;i(i.\V . Wn.l.KLMO do CaNTELO . rKTRO BtlTKLLKR . 

Walteko Tjuvkm. . Magistro IIadulfo Mailoc . Tiiom.\ clerico . Rohkrto 
Samson . Grikfino ab Kanaith' . ct nndtis aliis. 
Two seals in green wax. 



297 



1. Pointed oval, 2fm. by Ifin. A Bishop, standiaig on a pedestal, left hand 
^asping a plain staff, right hand and side gone. 

Legend — ' .... sigillum . gervasii . m ' 

Reverse — a smaller pointed oval coimterseal, 2in. by IJiu. A Bishop. 

' NSIS . EPISCOPUS.' 

2. A fragment, IJin. by |in. Device, a Uly. 
Legend — ' + s' ab . oeix.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Morgani filii Oweni de Hefedhaloch.' 

ThiE grant is incliideil in King John's confirmation of l"20o. 

CCXCIII. 

GEANT BY MOTiGAN SON OF CAEADOC TO MAEGAM ABBEY, 
OF LAND AT CLAKESTON NEAE LLANGEWI, AND AT 
LAGELESTON OE LALESTON. 

[Margam Charter.] 1205. 

Omuibus Sancte eeclesie filiis p. e. f. Morganus filius Caradoci salutem. 

Sciatis me c. et d. e. h. e. c. Deo et beate Marie et ecclesie de Margan et 
m. i. D. s. in puram et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni 
servicio eonsuetudine et exaetione ijuinquagiuta acras terre arabilis Juxta 
Clakeston proximiores terre de Langewi. Concessi etiam eis donationem quam 
fecit EoBERTus filius Wian per easdem divisas sicut carta ipsius quam monachis 
inde habent testatur: Preterea concessi et dedi eis quater viginti acras in 
elemosina habendas et tenendas de me et heredibus meis imperpetuum inter 
Clakeston et Lageleston . reddendo annuatim pro omni servicio et consuetudine 
et exactione quadraginta denarios ad festum Sancti Michaelis. Ex quibus pre 
manibus accepi redditus quinque annorum aimo ab incarnatione Domini m°- cc"- v"- 
Et ego et heredes warantizabimus eis imperpetuum sicut elemosinam nostram. 
Hiis testibus . Wu.fridus sacerdos . Lucas clericus . Eobertus Segin . Eobertus 

2 N 



298 



Samson . Alaithur . Resus Goh . Rogerus Wian . Rogerus Aithan . David 
PuiNEL . Wrunu filius Cadugan . Meuric filius Lu.ARH . YouAF frater ejus .. 
RoGERus Cam . Anaraud filius Gnaithur . YsAAc RoHHAN . Seisii, filius 
LuARCH . Traharn filius Seisil . et multi alii. 

Seal, in red wax, of Morgan ap Caradoc. Fine impression. Equestrian type. 

'+ SIGILLUM MARGANI FILII CARADOCI.' 

Endorsed — 'Donatio Morgani de terra quamnobis dedit apud Novum Castellum.' 

CGXCIV. 

GRANT BY MORGAN, SON OF GRADOC, TO MARGAM ABBEY, 
OF LAND IN THE MARSH OF AVENE. 

[Harl. Gharter, 75 B. 30.] 1205. 

Omnibus Sancte eoclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Morjjanus 
filius Cradoci saluteiu. 

Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse et hac carta confirraasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Margan et monachis ihidem Deo servientihus in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam pratum quod fuit Goh in marisco de Avene juxta Bergas . hahendum 
et tenendum de rae et heredihus meis lihere et quiete reddendo annuatira pro 
orani servitio ad festura Sancti Michaelis . xv. denarios. Et ego pre manihus 
accepi redditura trium annorum anno ab incarnatione Doniini . m° . ducentesimo > 
v*"-. Et sciendura quod Philippus Moel quitum clamavit predictum jiratum coram 
Morgano domino su(3 et iuramentura prestitit et plegios dedit quod nunquam 
illud caUimniabit nec ipse nec heredes ejus. Hiis testibus . David Puignel . 

HeREBERTO filio PaLMARI . iTHENARDfilio ItHEL . PhILIPPO . RlCARIH) WaLEIS. 

A bright red seal, 2/;in. by 2in. Dovice, an equestrian figure riding towards 
the proper left. 

Legend — ' + sigillum margani fii.ii ca . . . . ci.' 

Endorsed— ' Donatio Morg' de prato Cohd," iind later, ' lu marisoo de Avan.' 



299 



CCXCV. 

GRANT BY MORGAN, SON OF CARADOC, TO MARGAM, OF 
LAND AT NEWCASTLE, Etc. 

[Margam Charter.] 1205. 

Omnibus Sanete matris ecclesie filiis p. e: f. Morganus filius Caradoci 
salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac carta coufii-masse D. e. e. B. M. de 
Margan et m. i. D. s. in feudo-firmam totam teiTam et pratimi infra hos 
terminos . scilicet a terra quam monachi habent de Pagano de Turberewile 
sicut rivulus qui dieitur Witherel vadit ad maguam viam que dicitur 
Grenewei. Et sicut eadeni via vadit ad teiTam Scurlage que dicitur 
Crokerehille. Preterea partem more a rivulo qui deseendit de Treikic 
ultimus versus occidentem usque ad tenninos terre Scurlage. Et inde usque 
ad rivulum qui descendit de Treikic versus orientem. Et inde usque ad magnum 
lapidem ex hest (for est) parte rivuli. Et inde usque ad dumetum Althe- 
relin. Et a rivulo ex hest (for est) parte de Redeforde usque ad Torres. Et 
ex north de la more usque ad terram arabilem subtus Treikic. Hec omnia ego 
Morganus concedentibus filiis meis Leisan et Owein et omnibus aliis coneessi 
predictis mouachis habenda et tenenda in perpetuum de me et heredibus meis 
reddendo annuatim pro omni servicio eousuetudine et exactione decem solidos 
tantum . ad festum Sancti Michaelis. Ex quibus pre manibus accepi redditus 
quinque annorum anno ab incaruatione Domini m"- cc"- v"- 

Concessi etiam eis aisiamenta terre mee apud Novum Castellum in bosco et in 
plano in moris in pasturis in aquas in semitis iu viis. Et preterea terram que 
fuit Walteri Lageles tenendani de me et heredibus meis per eandem firmam 
quam reddere solebant Willelmo coniiti . seilicet octo solidos et iiij""'- dentirios 
ad iij""^- terminos anni. Et sciendiun quod ego et filii mei juravimus nos hec 
omnia fideliter et absque dolo servaturos in perpetuum. Hec omnia ego et 



300 



heredes raei dedimus predicte domui in elemosinam perj^etuam liberam et quietam 
ab omni seculari servicio et consuetudine et exactione preter nominatam firmam. 
Hiis testibus . Wilfridtjs sacerdos . Lucas clericus . Robertits Segin . Eobertus 

SaMSON . AlAITHUR . E.ESUS OOH . ROGERUS WlAN . RoGERUS AlTH-AN . DaVID 

PuiGNEi, . Wrunu filius Cauogan . Meuric filius LuARCH . YouuAF frater ejus. 
RoGBRUs Cam . Anaraud fiHus Cnaithur . TsAAc filius RoHHAN . Seisil filius 
LoHARCH . Traharn filius Seisil . Walterus prepositus . Rioardus Faber . 
Walterus de Marcros . Ckadoc frater E.esi Coh . Madoc filius Wrunu . 
Meuric filius Cadugan . et multi alii. 

Seal of Morgan ap Caradoc in red wax, chipped. 

Endorsed — ' Donatio Morgani in feudo Novi Castelli.' 

CCXCVI. 

GRANT by griffin and other sons of knaitur to 
margam abbey of knaitur's land at killeculm. 

[Hakl. Chartkr, 75 B. 33.] Cikca 1205. 

Omnibus Sanete occlesie filiis presentibus et futuris . Griffinus filius 
Knaituri et fratres ejus scilicet Madocus . Kadaith . Anauroth . Ener 
salutem. 

Sciatis nos concessisse et dedisse et liao carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie^ 
Sancte Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totam terram de 
KiLLECULM quam pater noster Knaiturus et avunouli nostri dederunt predictis 
monachis cum omnibus aisiamentis et pertinentiis suis in puram et pei-petuam 
elemosinam ut habeant et teueant oam liberam et quietam ab omni servitio et 
consuetudine et exactione seculari sicut ulla elemosina liberius haberi et teneri 
potest. Et soiendum quod servitium quod antecessores nostri solebant faoere ad 
eoquinam comitis de predicta terra . nos et heredes nostri amodo faciemus de 
hereditate nostra de Traikic . ita ut jirodicta tona Hbera ponitus ot quieta 



301 



prefatis mouacliis remaneat in etemum. Notandum etiam quod super sauctuaria 
ecclesie prescripte juravimus ad warantizandum hanc cartam predictis monachis 
contra omnes homines in perpetuum. Hiis testibus . Waltero de Sllia tunc 
vicecomite de Q-lammorgan . Ernaldo constabulario de Kenefeg . Stephajso 
clerico . Ricardo de Dunestore . Osmero Cuolan . David filio Hely . Alaithu 
fiKo Tthexard . Reso Ooh . Eniau et Tuder Oam filiis Riered . Retherec et 
Ythel filius HiuL. 

Seal, brown wax, l^in. diam., a rosette. 

'+ sigill' grifini.' 

Endorsed in late writing — ' By frodelle,' and ' Kyllekulm.' 

An excellent example of fine handwriting. 

Killeculm is identified by Birch, Hist. of Marijam Abbey. .-is Gallt-y-Ovm in DyflFryn Ffrwdwyllt, and 
this is corroborated by the endorsement • by frodelle,' on this deed. 

ooxcvn. 

MORGAN AB KADWATHL', OR KADFY, TAKES THE GRANGE 
OF EGLISKEINWER, AND THE STOCK OF THE ABBEY 
OF MARGAM, HNDER HIS PROTECTION AGAINST THE 
MEN OF BRECKNOCK AND SENGHENYDD AND THE 
SONS OF SEISIL AB LOWAR. 

[HaRL. CH.ARTER, 75 C. 19.] ClRCA 1205. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Morganus ab Kadwathl' 
recepi in custodiam meam grangiam de Egliskeinwer et onmia averia 
monachorum de Margan . que sunt in terra mea vel prope teiTam meam ad 
warantizandum contra omnes homines meos et omnes alios qui voluerunt mecum 
esse vel cii-ca me fi-equentare . et maxiiue contra homines de Brechineoch . et 
de Seingeheny . et contra filios Seisil ab Lowar'. Et si aliquis predictorum 
ceperit averia eorum . ego ponam fidele posse meum ad ea liberanda. Qiiod si 
non fecero . ego pepigi cmn eis quod reddam eis damnum suum de meo proprio. 



302 



Preterea sciendiim quod non pemiittam aliquem hominum meorum vel aliquem 
aliimi qui mecum esse voluerit vel circa me frequentare . teiTam ab eis calum- 
niare . nisi in curia illa ubi debent rectum iacere et accipere. Et ego Morganus 
juravi super sanctuaria ecclesie de Margan . quod hec omnia prediota servabo 
et tenebo prefatis monachis fideliter et sine malo ingenio. Hiis testibus . 
WiLLELMO de LicHESFELB . Radulfo portario de Margan . fratre Justino . 
Waltero Liiuel . Stbphano clerico . Alaith' . Reso Coch . Griffino ab 
Kanaith' . Eneroud fratre ejus . Rogero Kam . et multis aliis. 
Round seal, red wax, l^in. diam. A lion passant contourne. 

' + SIGILl' . MORGANI . FILII . KADFY.' 

Endorsed — ' Protectio Morgaui ab Cadwal.' 

CCXCVIII. 

GRANT BY JORVERTH, SON OF TUDYR CHAM, TO MAROAM 

ABBEY OF LAND IN NEWCASTLE. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 12U5. 

Omnibus Sancte ecelesie filiis p. et f. salutem Jorverth filius Tudyr Ciiam . 
salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio ct consensu parentum et amicorum meorimi concessisse . et 
dedissG . Deo et eeclesie Sancte Marie de Margan et monacliis ibidem Deo 
servientibus in pui-am et perpetuam elemosiuam . totam ten-am que fuit 
Ketherech Du . iu territorio No\i Castelli . quam habuit psiter meus 
TuDYR Cham . ex dono Morgani filii KAKADon domini sui . teueudaiu de lue et 
horedibus meis . liberam et quietam ab omni servitio consuetudiue et e.xactione 
seculari . in perpetuum. Et ego et heredes mei predictam terram predictis 
monaehis contra omnes homines warentizaf)imus. Set et sciendum quod quondo 
feci prediotis mouachis hanc donationom dederuut miehi in magna neoessitate 
mea .\x. soHdos argenti. Unde ad liauc (louationem meam firmitor illam 



303 



teneudam et conservanclam . ego et fratres mei juravimus super sanctuaria 
ecclesie de Makgan. Insuper et inveni hos plegios . scilicet Gkiffinum . et 
EiRiD frati-es meos . Ala\thur avunculum meum . Eesum Choch . Eneaun 
filium EiRiD . et Itel ab Eiul . et fratres ejus. Hiis testibus . Alaythur . 
Eeso Ooch . G-RiFFiNo filio Kanaythur . GrALFRiDo filio Kanaythur et filiis 
Blethen et multis aliis. 

Seal in dark green wax. A star of six rays. 

Legend — ' + sigill .... erth filii tudur.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Jorvard filii Tudur Cham.' 

CCXCIX. 

GEANT BY LEISAN, SON OF MOEGAN, TO MAEGAM ABBEY, 
OF THE LAND OF PULTHIMOE. 

[Harl. Chartek. 75 C. 35.] Cirua 1205. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ogo Leisanus filius Morgani . concessi . et hac 
presenti carta confirraavi D. et e. B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. terram de Pulthimor 
cum pertinentiis suis . reddendo mihi et heredibus meis annuatim . dimidiam 
marcam argenti ad festuni Sancti Michaelis pro omni servitio . sicut carta 
predicti Morgani patris mei testatur . et similiter sicut carta mea quam indo 
habent cum parvo sigillo meo testatur quod primo habui. Nani ante hoe 
sigillum quo presens carta sigiUatur habueram duo sigilla quibus predicti 
monaehi habent diversas cartas sigillatas . quas eis confirmo. Et scienduni quod 
ego affidavi et juravi super sanctuaria ecclesie de Margan . quod hec omnia 
servabo eis fideliter et sine malo ingenio. Hiis testibus . Mauricio capellano de 
Sancto Caddoco . Eogero ab Yuor . et Enea . et Maddoco filiis ejus . 
Ernaldo tunc constabulario de Neth . Henrico capellano de Ponte . Aluredo 
de DuNMOc . et Philippo de Berkelay . servientibus Eeginaldi de Brause . 
Stephano clerico de Kenef[eg] . Alaithur filio Ythenardi . Eicardo de 



304 



Selebi tunc suppriore de Makgan . Wim.elmo de Lichefeld . Waltero de 
Kard[if] . Hei^ya de Bristollia . nionachis . Justino et Espiis . conversis de 
Margan et multis aliis. 

Fine round seal, green wax, 2|in. diam. A knight riding to the right, 
hauberk of mail, coif, oap with nasal, sword, shield, etc. 

'+ SIGILLWM . LEISAUN . FILII . MORGAN.' 

Endorsed — ' Ultima confirmatio Leisan de Pultimor.' 



CCO. 
CONFIEMATION BY A[RNALDUS] ABBOT, AND THE ASSEM- 
BLED ABBOTS OF THE CHATTEE GENERAL OF CITEALTX, 
OF THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN TEWKESBURY AND 
MARGAM CONCERNING TIIE TITHES OF KENFIG. 

[Margam Charter.] 1206. 

Frater A. dictus abbas Cisterctj totusque conventus abbatum capituli generalis . 
omnibus hee visuris in posterum salutem et omne bonum. 

Sciatis nos coucessisse et conflrmasse compositiouem faetam iuter domum de 
Margan et doraum de Theokesiieri super decimis et aUis pertiuentibus ad 
ecclesiam de Kenekec sicut scriptum auteQticum asseusu utrius(jue capituli 
compositura attestatnr. 

Datiun auno Dominico iucarnationis millesimo duceutcsimo sexto. 

Scal gone. 

Endorsed — ' Contii-matio capituli gencralis Cisterciensis de ecclesia dc Kcnofcg.' 

Ainiildus 1., ITtli Abbot of Citoaiix, A.D. 120r,— 1212. 



305 



CCOI. 
SUIT OF GILBERT DE TUEBERVILLA, FOR HIS FATHER'S 

LAND. 
[RoTUL. DE FiN., 373.] 1207. 

Glanmorgax. GriLLEBEKTUs de TuRBERviLLA dat quinquaginta marcas 
et imum equum pro habenda tota terra unde Paganus pater suus fuit sai- 
situs in dominieo suo ut de feodo die qua obiit. Et mandatimi est Fai^kesio 
servienti domini Regis quod, accepto ab eo securitate de illis l. marcis et 
equo, tunc ei dc predicta terra cum pertinenciis in balliva sua saisinam 
habere faoiat. 

This i8 a writ to give livery of seisin to Gilbert, soii of Pagan de Tiirliervill, of hi3 father's lauds, for 
which he isto pay 50 marcs and a horse, giving sccurity for the payment. When the fine was paid does not 
appear, but he obtained a quittance for the horse in December in the same year [CCC.]. The Turbervillee 
of Coyty were members of a Norman family, holding lands in Devon. Dorset, and at Abergavenny, where 
they established brauches at an early period. The founder of the Glamorgan brauch was Sir Pagan de 
Tvu-berville, known by the Welsh as Sir Pagan Cythrawl, or the Devil, first mentioned in 1126, and said to 
have died abont 1207. He seems to have acquired Coitif, or Coyty, and Oldcastle before 1199, and Gilbert, 
probably his son, held the Honour of Coyty, as it was then called, 'perserjantiamveuatus,' in 1264, also of 
the new f eof ment a tenth part of a f ee in New Castle. At Coyty the f amily built a strong Castle, subsequently 
added to. Seventh iu descent from Pagan was Richard, whose sister and co-heir broke up the property, 
Coyty going to the eldest, who married BerkeroUcs, whose heiress married Gamage of Rogiad, whose 
heiress, Barbara, married Sydney, by which family the property was broken up and sold. The Coyty 
Tnrbervilles gave ofi branches at Tythegston, Penllyne, Llanblethian, Llantwit Major, Suttou, Ewenny, 
Heol Las, Wattrail, Llandevodog, and Picketston, all now, in the male line, extinct. The Castle seems to 
have been built in a Welsh earthwork. The Turbervilles strengthened their position by intermarrying 
with the Welsh, with whom they often sided in their local rebelUons. Of the Castle, no doubt built by 
them, at Newcastle, a Late Normau entrauce remains. The original estatea were very considerable, and 
included Coychurch, Llanhary, Newcastle, Newland, and Llampha. 

A Close Eoll, 1 Edward III., 24th February, 1327, states that it is found by iuquisition that William dc 
Turberville holds tenements in Llanliary hy feofment from Gilbert de Turberville by the service of half a 
tee, and also in Ncwl.Tud. 



2o 



306 



CCCII. 

GLAMOEGAN AND WENTLOOG COMMITTED BY THE KING 
TO FAULKES [DE BEEAUTE.] 

[RoTUL. Patent. I. 68.] Feb. 1207. 

Q-LANMORGAN et Wentloch cum pertinentiis suis commissa sunt Faukesio 
servienti domini regis custodienda qnamdiu domiao regi placuerit, et id man- 
datum est oninibus niilitibiis et libere tenentibus de Honore Qlo etc . . . Et 
Wii.LELMO de Braosa quod ea liabere faciat custodienda quamdiu domino regi 
placuerit et habet ii. brevia patentia. 



CCCIII. 

SUIT OF WALTEE DE SULLY CONCERNING THE KING'S 

MILL AT LECKWITH. 

[RoTUL. DE FiN. p. 39 L] 1207. 

GrLANMORGAN. Walterus de SuLLY dat XX. marcas ut dominus rex eum 
quietum clamet [de] deterioramento et ruiua molendini domini regis de Lequid 
et de jactura redditus domini regis et molture sue dum molendinum illml fuit iu 
custodia ipsius Walteri, et quod uon distringatur ad capienduni de cetoro 
molendinum illud ad firmam, ita seUicet quod idem Walterus reperiet prcdictura 
molendimun de eo quod deterioratum fuit. Et indc habet litteras domini regis 
patentes quod dominus Rex de predietis oimi quietum clamavit sicut predictum est. 



307 



CCCIV. 

IVRIT TO THE BAILrFF OF GLAMORGAN TO PUT WALTER 
LUYEL INTO POSSESSION OF LAND AT KENFIG. 

[RoTUL. Claus. I. 81.] 15 April, 1207. 

Rex ballivo Glavmorgan eto. Precipimus tibi quod habere faeias Waltero 
Lu\t:l decem solidatas terrre cum pertinentiis in Kenefeg, quas ei dedimus 
dum essemus comes Moretonie, que est in manu nostra. Teste G. filio Petri 
apud Lameh[ithe]. xv. die Aprilis. 

John. while Earl of Moreton. had become possessed of 10 solidatos of land in Kenfig. which he granted 
and uow continus to Wulter Luvel, who appears elsewhere as Lupel. See No. DXX. 

cccv. 

KING JOHN'S CONFIRMATION TO MARGAM ABBEY OF 
LAND AT KENFIG. 

[RoTUL. Chaet., p. 167.] 22 July. 9 John. 1207. 

JoHANNES Dei gratia ete. Sciatis nos iatuitu Dei, et pro salute anime nostre, 
et animarum autecessonmi et heredum nostroriun, dedisse, concessisse, et hac 
carta nostra confimiasse, Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan, et monachis 
ibidem Deo sernentibus, easdem terras Walensium in territorio de Kaenefeg, 
pro quibus ipsi monachi solebant nobis reddei-e per annum xxx. solidos per manus 
ballivorum nostrorum de Glanmorgan, habendas sibi et tenendas de nobis et 
heredibus uostris in liberam, puram, et perpetuam elemosinam, quietas ab omni 
servitio et exactione seculari. Quare volumus et firmiter precipimus quod 
predicti monachi habeant et teneant predictas terras, cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis, bene et in paee, Hbere et quiete, integre, plenarie, et honorifice, in omnibus 
locis et rebus, ciun omnibus Ubertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus svds, 
sicut predictum est. Testibus Will. BRnvER. Euth'. de Vescy . Rob. de 
Turneham . Gaufr. deNEviLL. WiLL. de Cantilup . Gaufk. de Lucy . Petro 



.-308 



de Maulay. Datum per manum H. de Weli/ . ;u'chidiafoni Wellensis, apud 
Broc' XXII. die .Julii, anno regni nostri ix. 

The great seal of John, imperfect, of pale green -wax, held by a plaited cord of 
taffeta, diapered yellow and green, implaitod below the seal. See OCCXIY. 
[Birch, Catal. o/ Seals.] 

Endorsed — ' Confirmatio Domini Johannis Regis de Havedhaloe, et de teiTa 
Poitevin.' 

This Seal appear.s ou a Copy of this Charter at Margam Abbey but uot on the original. 

CCCVI. 

KING JOHN'S CONFIRMATION CHARTER TO MARGAM 

ABBBY. 

[RoTUL. Chart., p. 167.] 22 July 9 Johx. 1207. 

JoHANNES D. g. etc. Sciatis nos conoessisse, et hac carta uostra confirmasse, 
abbati et monachis de Morcan, ex dono et coueessione Gaufr. Sturmy, totam 
terram illam que est interterram Huberti filii Godwinet et rivvun Knihwini, 
sicut rivus ille per moutem descendit in moras usque ad inferiorem aquam, et ab 
aqua inferiori usque ad viam que vadit per montana et dividit teiTam comitis et 
suam, tam in pratis quam in terra arabili et terra morosa ; ex dono et concessione 
RoGERi Sturmi filii ejus, totam reliquam partem terre quam tenuit pater ejus de 
feodo comitis Gtloucestrie in Morgan vel idem Rogerus post patrem suum ; 
preterea ex dono et concessione Resi Coh, medietatem terre que f uit Kethereh in 
temtorio de Novo Castei.lo ; ot ex douo et concessione Enyon filii Ririd, 
aliam raedietatem terre quo fuit predicti Kethereh in territorio de Novo 
Oastello ; preterea ex dono et coiicessione Wili.elmo de Londoniis quicquid 
continetur inter duas aquas de TJgemor' et Garkwe, sicut carte predictonun 
donatorum quas inde liabent rationabiliter testantur. Ciuare volumus et finniter 
precipimus quod predicti abbas et monachi habeant et teneant orania prediota, cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis, bene et in pace, libere et quiete, integre, plenarie, et 



309 



honorifice, in omnibus locis et rebus, cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consue- 
tudinibiis ad ea pertinentibus, sieut predictum est. Testibus Will. Briwer . 
EusTACH. de Vescy, etc. ut supra. 

This is a confirmation of the grant of Geoflrrey Sturuiy to Margam [CCL.], as well as of one by Res 
Coh. not before recorded, in Ni-M-castle. Eynou ap Eirid, who gave the remainder of the same land, was 
possibly a relation, probably both descending from heiresses of Ketliereh. William de London occurs 
many times elsewhere. He was son of Adplays [CXXIII.] and father of Maurice [XGVIIL]. His grant 
of the land hetween the Ogmore and the Garw is uot before mentioned. 

CCCVII. 
KING JOHN'S CONFIRMATION CHARTER TO NEATH ABBEY. 

[RoTUL. Ch.\rt., p. 168.] 5 Aug. 9 John. 1207. 
JoHANNES D. g. etc. Sciatis nos dedisse et concessisse et presenti cai*ta nostra 
confirmasse Deo et ecclesie sancte Trinitatis de Neth et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus locum ubi castelluin Ricardi de Granavilla quondam fuit cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis, et totam terram quam idem Ricardus habuit inter 
Tha\v\' et Neth, in bosco et plano cum omnibus partinentiis suis; habenda et 
tenenda in liberam puram et perpetuara elemosinam, quieta ab omni servicio sicut 
predictus Ricardus ea illis prius dedit et carta sua confirmavit. Salvis tenementis 
burgensium nostrorum de Neth. Ita quod predicti monachi eos sine judicio 
amovere non possint, sed tantum homagium et redditum illorum habeant. Salvis 
etiam tenementis Walensium nostrorum de predicta terra. Ita quod dioti 
monachi eos sine judicio amovere non possint sed tantimi homagium et redditum 
illorum habeant, et nos habeamus servicium quod nobis debent. Ciuare volumus, 
etc. Datum per manum W. de Gkay cancellarii nostri, apud Wudestock, v. die 
Augusti, anno regni nostri ix. 

The terms of this Charter have given rise to the notiou that the Granville.s' Castle no longer existed, 
and had beeu placed west of the river Nedd, between it and the Tawe, no doubt on the right bank of the 
former river. The remains of the present Castle are later than the Gi-anvilles, as late perhaps as the reign 
of Edward II., but it is singular that there should be no local tradition of a preceding Castle on another 
site [LXVII.]. 

Charter CCCIX. sliews that the Monks of Neatli paid 100 marcs aud a palfrey for the Castelwick and its 
appurtenances, and for all Bichard de Granville's laud betvreen Nedd and Tawe. The tenemeuts of the 
King's burgesses were reserved. the Monks receiving their homage and rent auil the King the service due. 
Half the fine and the palfrey were already paid. 



310 



COCVIII. 

ROYAL WRIT TO THE EXCHEUUER TO PAY FALKES, 
BAILIFF OF GLAMOR&AJ^, ONE HUNDRED MARKS. 

[RoTUL. Claus. I. 89.] 8 August, 1207. 

Rex baronibus de scaocario etc Coniputent F.\lconi ballivo nostro 

de Glavmorgan in firma sua centum marcas quas liberavit in camera uos- 
tra per preceptum nostrum die Lune proxima ante festum beati Laurencii 
apud WuDESTOK anno regni uostri ix. Teste me ipso apud Selvest.^ viii. 
die Augusti. Per Ricardum de Marisco et R. Parmentarium. 

(1) Silverslone, co. Northampton. 

CCCIX. 

GRANT BY KING JOHN OF THE MOOR OF LAWARETH TO 

MARGAM ABBEY. 

[ROTUL. ChART., 168.] 11 AUGUST. 9 JOHN. 1207. 

JoHANNES D. g. etc. Sciatis etc. dedisse etc. Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de 
Morgan, et monachis etc. pro salute anime nostre et antecessorimi et heredum 
nostrorum, in puram, liberam, et perpetuam elemosinam, totam moram 
Lawareth de Hevedhaloc cum pertinentiis suis, et siniiliter terra de Peyteun 
cum omnibus etc. Quare volumus et fii-miter precipimus quod predicti raonachi 
de MoRGAN h&.beant et teueant predictam moramet predictam teiTam, cum etc, 
in perpetuum, bene et in paee, libere et quiete, integre et honorifioe, cum omnibus 
libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus ad eas pertinentibus, sicut predictum est. 
Testibus . Sahero de Uuency comite Winton' . W. Briwer' . Petro filio 
Herber-h . Thoma Basset . Axano Basset . Thoma de Sanford' . W. de 
Cantilup'. Datum per manum Henri<;i de Well' archidiaconi Wellexsis. 
Apud OccHAM XI. die Augusti anno regni nostri nono. 

King .lolrn'» dealings witli Murgan wurc bj- no means concluclecl. He here gi-;ints tbe moor of Lawarcth, 
of Hevcdhaloc, and the land of the Peytevin. Hevedhaloc isa liamlet of Margam,and lies towards the sea 
coast. Nothing is here said ot a fine, which however a later document [CCCXX.] shews to have been lOft 
marcs. Peyteun is clearly the terra Peitevin ot CCCXX. 



311 



occx. 

SUIT OF NEATH ABBEY FOR POSSESSION OF THE CASTLE- 
WICK OF EICHAED GEANAVILLE, AND THE LAND 
BETWEEN THE TAWE AND THE NEATH EIVEES. 

[EoTUL. DF. FiN., p. 389.] 1207. 

GrL.A.NMORGXN.] MonacM de Neth dant c. marcas et unum palefredum pro habenda 
castellaria que fuit Eicardi GrR.iN.vviLLE cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, et pro 
habenda tota terra quam idem Eicardus habuit inter Tha^vy et Neth, salvis 
tenementis burgensium domini Eegis ita quod predicti monachi eos sine judicio 
amovere uon possint, sed tantum homagium et redditum illorum habeant, salvis 
tenementis Walensium domini Eegis de predicta teira, ita quod dicti monachi 
eos sine juditio amovere non possint, sed tantum homagium et redditum illorum 
habeant, et dominus Eex habeat servicium quod ei debent. Teste ad scaccarium 
Sti. MicHAELis anno regni domini Eegis ix. l. marcas et palefrediim, et ad 
scaccarium Pasche proximo sequens i,. marcas. 



CCCXI. 

THE MONKS 6f NEATH PAY A FINE FOE HOLDINO THE 
CASTLEWICK AND LANDS OP EICHAED DE GEEINVILL. 

[PlPE EOLL, 9 JoHN, EOTUL. 21 b.] 

[B.M., MS.Lansd. 219, f. 5.] 9 John. 1207—1208. 

Idem [Falkes de Breaute] reddit compotum de c. marcis et i. palefrido de 
monacl '.s de Neth pro habenda castelaria quse fuit Eicardi de Gtreinvill cum 
omnibiis pertinentiis suis, et pro habenda tota terra quam idem Eicardus habuit 
inter T.vwi et Neth, salvis tenementis burgensium Eegis. 

Entitled — 'Honor de Glamorfiran.' 



312 



CCCXII. 

EOYAL WMT TO EECOUP THE BAILIFF OF GLAMOEOAN 
FOE HIS OUTLAY ON THE CASTLES IN GLAMOEGAN. 

[EoTui.. Ci-Aus. I. 92.] 19 September, 1207. 

Eex baronibus etc. Computate F.\lkesio ballivo nostro de Glavmorgan 
id quod posuit per visum et testimonium legaliimi hominum in emendacione 
castellorimi nosti-orimi de Gla^ morgan per preceptum nostiiim. Teste me ipso 
apud Briwton . xix. die Septembris anno regni iiostii ix. 

CCCXIII. 

EOYAL WEIT TO EECOUP THE BAILIFF OF GLAMOEGAN, 
FOE HIS OUTLAY ON THE KING^S SEEJEANTS. 

[IiiiD. I. 92.] 20 September, 1207. 

Eex baronibus etc. Computate Falkesio ballivo nostro de Glavmorgan 
triginta libras et undecim solidos et ^iiirf. pro libcracionibus viginti dierum 
quas fecit servientibus nostris cum co morantibus per preceptum nostrum. 
Teste nie ipso [apud] Briwton . xx. die Septcmbris. Per W. de Saxcto 
Maxentio. 

CCCXIV. 

EOYAL ACUUITTANCE FOE THE FINE DUE BY MARGAM 
ABBEY FOE THE WELSHMEN'S LAND AT KENFIG. 

[EoTUL. Claus., I. 92.] 24 Septemhkk, 1207. 

Eex baronibus etc. Sciatis quod niouachi de Morgan pacaverunt nobis in 
camera nostra per manum Wii.lelmi celararii sui apud Brauenestok dominica 
proxiraa post festum .Sancti Matthei apostoli anno regui nostri ix. quiuquaginta 
marcas de fine quem nobiscum fecerunt pro terris Walensium in KEXEEEf;, et 



313 



dedimus eis respectvim de duobus palefredis quos nobis inde debent usque a die 
Sancti Mtchaelis in xv. dies. Et ideo vobis mandamus quod illos de i.. marcis 
quietos esse faciatis, et de duobus palefredis predictum respectum eis babere 
permittatis. Teste me ipso apud BRAnENESXOK', xxiv. die Septembris. 



CCCXV. 

SUIT OF THE ABBOT OF MAEGAM TO THE KING FOE THE 
WELSHMEN'S LANDS IN KENFIG. 

[EoTUL. DE FiN., I. 386.] 1207. 

GrLANMORGAN. Abbas de Margan dat centum mareas ct ii. equos bonos pro 
habendis terris W.\lensium in territoiio de Kaenefeg in perpetuam elemosinam, 
unde ipsi solebant reddere domino Eegi per annum xxx. solidos per manus 
baUivorum domini Eegis de Glanmorgan, et pro liabeuda inde carta domini Eegis 
et pro liabenda eonfirmatione domini Eegis de aliis terris et tenementis que 
tenent in balliva de Gtlanmorgan, sicut carte donatorum rationabiliter testantur. 
Et mandatum est Faukesio tunc vicecomiti quod, accepta ab eo securitate de 
illis V. marcis reddendis ad festum Sancti Michaelis anno regni Eegis ix, l. 
marcis et duos equos {sic) infra predictum festum Saucti Michaelis, et ad Pascha 
proximo sequens l. marcis, tunc ei sine dilacione habere faciat plenariam saisinam 
de predictis terris et si eum de aliquo tenemento suoi-um dissaisivit contra libertates 
cartarum et eonfirmationum quas de domino Eege habent, eum sine dUacione 
reseisiet et in bona pace tenere permittat. 

It appe.ars that the Monks ot Margam, though with strong Welsh sympathies. «-ere not above profitiug 
hy the confiscatiou of their brethren at the hands of King Johns most unpopular Baihffi. The acquisition 
was confirmed in 1207 hy King John himself, whence it appears that the lands were in Kenfig, at that time 
a very di.icontented district. encouraged, no doubt, by the Lords of Avan. 

2 P 



314 



CCCXVI. 

EOYAL ACQITITTANCE TO MARGAM ABBEY FOR TWQ 

HORSES, FINE FOR THE WELSHMEN'S LAND AT KENFIG. 

[RoTUL. CLAU.S., I. 94.] 28 Octobkr, 1207. 

Rex baronibus de scacoario etc . . . . Soiatis quod abbas et monachi de 
MoRG.\N paoaveruDt uobis per manum cellararii sui fratris Willelmi apud 
Lutegar' die Veneris proxiraa post festura Sancti Luce, anno regni nostri ix., 
duos equos quos nobis debuerunt de fine quem nobisoum fecerunt pro terra 
Walensium de Kenefeg, et ideo vobis mandamus quod illos inde quietos esse 
faoiatis. Teste me ipso apud Westm' . xxviii. die Octobris . Per ipsum Regem. 



CCCXVII. 
WRIT TO THE SHERIFF OF GLAMORGAN TO ACQUIT GILBERT 
DE TURBEVILLA FOR A HORSE, PART OF THE RELIEF 
DUE FOR HIS INHERITANCE. 

[RoTUL. Olaus., I. 99.] 27 December, 1207. 

Rex eto ballivo de Glamorghan etc Soias quod Gilbertus 

de TuRBEViLLA pacavit nobis in vigilia natalis Domini anno etc ix. 

I. equum quem nobis debuit de fine quem nobiscum fecit de relevio terre sue, 
et hoc vobis mandamns ut inde quietus sit. Teste me ipso apud Gelde- 
FORD, xxvii. die Decombris. 



315 



CCCXVIII. 
KING JOHN'S CHARTER OF CONFIRMATION TO NEATH ABBEY. 

[RoTUL. Cart., p. 174.] 1208. 

JoHANNEs D. g. etc . . . . Sciatis nos pro Dei amore, et salute anime nostre, 
et aniniarum omnium antecessorum et heredum nostrorum, coneessisse et presenti 
carta nosti-a confinnasse Deo et abbatie de Neth, et monachis de ordine de 
Sauvenneie ibidem Deo servientibus, omnes terras et ecclesias, molendindina, et 
forestas, et omnes tenuras suas quas habent de dono, vel emptione, vel commuta- 
tione sibi cartis suis confirmatas, ex dono Ricarui de G-renvilla, totum vastum 
in bosco et plauo inter has quatuor aquas, videlicet, Thawi, et Cleudach,' et 
Neth, et Polkanan, cum terra que est inter livulum crucis Constantio^ et 
Cleudach, capellam quoque eastelli de Neth, cum omni decima procurationis 
domus sue in annona ceterisque rebus, et cum omni decima hominum terre illius, 
Fkancokum, Anglorum, et Walensium, et dimidiam partem totius piscis qui 
eidem castello pertinet, totum etiam feudum de Axssa-^ cum ecclesia et cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis, et molendinum de Pendelino* oum xxiii. acris terre, 
et mansura molendinarii, et moltiira Ade et hominum suorum, willam quoque 
de Litteham'' cum omnibus appendiciis ejus quam dederunt Sansoni de 
Allweia in excambium pro terra sua de Kilticak, concessu Willelmi comitis 
Gloucestrie, et Willelmi filii Henrici, et Johannis Soki, quod excambium 
postea inter abbatem de Neth et Willemum filium predicti Sansonis coram H. 
rege patre nostro determinatum fuit, et ipsum feudum de Kilticar cum eeclesia 
et omnibus pertinentiis suis supradictis monachis ab eodem rege pati-e nostro in 
perpetuum confijmatum ; ex dono Roberti comitis Gloucestrie terram de 
PoNTE*' cum ecclesia quam tenuit Radulfus heremita in elemosinam ; ex dono 
ejusdem comitis et Willelmi comitis filii ejus teiTam Blakeskarra ;' ex dono 
predioti comitis Gloucestrie totum wi-eccum ten-e ipsorum ; ex dono [ejusdem 
«omitis] mansionem* unam in villa de Kaerdif. Ex dono Willelmi Moion 



316 



oonoessu filiorum suonim Exefokdam et Cubehiete cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis ; ex douo Hknrici de Viliers coueessu domini sui Henrici de Wark- 
wich' gi-angiam de Lochor'' cum capella Sancti Michaelis et cum teira que ad 
eandem grangiam pertiuet ; ex dono MAURicti de Londonia ooncessu filiorum 
suorum partem ten-e sue juxta Aissam ; es douo Gtilberti de Tdrbervilla 
exclusagium molendini de Kiltecar ; ex dono Resi filii Justini,'" eoncedeutibus 
filiis suis JovERD et Oeyno et Hoel, terram de Sancto Ilith" cum ec(?lesia et 
omnibus pertinentiis suis. 

Concedimus etiam et confirmamus eisdem monacbiis ex dono nostro proprio dum 
essemiis comes Moretonii,Huntingeshill' cum pertinentiis, et c. acras de mariscis 
proximis terre eorum de Brigeton','- et preterea Turgehill''^ cum pertiuentiis 
suis. Ex dono Lisanli filii Morgan" totam terram quam idem Margo dedit in 
perpetuam elemosiuam inter Avene et Neth videlicet, Portwer,''' et inde usque 
ad mare, sexaginta quinque acras ten'e arabilis proximas domibus suis ; et 
insuper totam iusulam illam que est intra magnam pullaiu et totam terram que 
est extra valdam et etiam comiuuuioneiu paseuanun, et totam terram ipsius inter 
Avene et Tha^vi ; ex dono Walteri filii Gileberti et fi-atrum suorum teiTam 
de Barnotesdone cum pertinentiis suis ; ex dono Thomk de Cornhely, x. 
acras terre arabilis in feudo suo de Cor[n]hely; ex douo Gtalteri Burdun 
decem acras terre iu feudo de Nova Villa ; ex dono Thome de Saunford' 
quitanciam ii. solidorum quos debebaut ei reddere pro i,. acris terre et una acra et 
dimidia supra mare apud Blakks(!Hkre ; ex dono Ijali'kidi Tiiai.kimjt totam 
ten-am suam de Nivelandk oum pratit- et pascuis ot omuibus aliis aisiamentis 
ad eandem terram pertinentibus ; Ex concessione et ooufirmatione Willklmi 
de Staver donum quoil frater suus (ikrvasius eis dedit, videlicet totam terram 
quam pater suus teuuit de feudo iiADULFi filii Wii.i,ki.mi iuter ecclesiam Sauoti 
Decumani et Kanisford'; ex dono Willelmi de Barri''^ xxx. acras terre de 
feudo 8U0 in G-uer ; ex douo Johannis do la Mark totam terram que fuit 
OsMUNDi Q-Rossi quam uuiiri sua tenuit iu dotem; ox dono Thain' Blan- 



317 



tagmel'' xl. acras terre arabilis juxta Portenmayn, et insuper aeisiameuta terre 
sue in aquis et viis, et semitis, et communione pasture sue ; ex dono Eogeri 
et Kenewrec filiorum Wian totam terram quam pater eoiiim tenuit de 
MoRGANo filio Karadoci iu mariseo de Avene;'*' ex dono eorunden 
oommunionem pascuarum totius terre eonmi in bosco et plano, et 
aisiamenta in aqms et viis et ceteris necessariis ; ex dono Wgan' Droyn viii. 
aoras teire arabilis de terr.i qua vocatm- Lampeder in Cumtioch ;" ex venditione 
Johannis de Grenehill', et Alienore sponse sue terram suam apud Sanctum 
AuGUSTiNUM,^'' et cmn domo lapidea que in ea fundata est. 

Volumus etiam sicut preflictum est et firmiter precipimus quod predicta 
abbatia de Neth et monachi ejusdem loci et omnes possessiones eorum sint iu 
manu et custodia et protectione nostra, et quod nulla eis injuria vel oontumelia 
inferatur ; sed si quis eis in aliquo forisfecerit plenaria eis sine dilatione justioia 
fiat. Et prohibemus ne ipsi de aliquo dominico suo ponantur in placitum unde 
habeaut cartam suam nostram uisi coram nobis vel coram justiciariis uostris 
capitalibus. Volumus etiam et precipimus quod equi et homiues et omues res 
eorum quas homines sui poterimt afiidare suas esse proprias sint quiete de 
theloneo et passagio et poutagio et omni eonsuetudine per totam terram nostram, 
et prohibemus super forisfactum x. librarum ue quis eos inde injuste disturbet. 
Hec omnia eis concessimus et oonfii-mavimus sicut earte et litere patentes Eegis 
H. patris nostri et oarie et aliorum omnium tam donatoinim quam confii-matorum 
vel veuditorum quas inde habent rationabiliter testantur. Quare volvimus 

etc Datum per manum H. de Well. archidiaconi de Wkll. apud 

Burbeche VI. die Januarii anno regni nostri ix. 

The ;tncestor of the Je l:i M;ire f;imily seems to have beld three fees iii the Houour of Gloncester and 
one in capite de Coroua soon after the Nonnan Conquest. The family spread rapidly and widely. and iu 
tiie eleventh and twelfth centm-ies are found uot only in G-ower but in five or six Euglish counties. 
especially in Gloucester and Wilt.s. Whether those in Wales represented the main trunk or a cadet 
branch is nucertaiQ, but probably the hitter. The he:iri nt the Oxfordshire branch had a writ of summons 
from Edward I. and II. 

In 1201 B.obert de la Mare held the fnur fee» as .ibove. iu l'M Kiug ,lohu contirmed to Neath, ex dono 
Johauuis de la Mare, the land which his mother had from Osniuuil Gros and held in dower. Gros was 



318 



probably her secoiid husband. Auotlier version makes Agnes, the daughter of Osmund le Gros, marry 
John de la More, ov Mare, of Oxmch aud Portynou, in Wales. Their grandson married at Neath, whose 
heiress married a Mansel. The male heir married Avene, daughter of Sir John Penrice of Gower. and was 
ancestor of the de la Morea of Aldermaston, Berks. It seems probable that de la More and de la Mare 
are different renderinga of the same name. WiUiam, Earl of Gloucester, confirmed a gift by Robert de la 
Mare — probably the same person— of Burdecomb to the Convent of St. Mary de Brueria— witnessed by 
Bobert de la Mare. William and Robert, his sons, Richard. WilHam, and Simon de Cardi [Mados, ForuniL 
Angl., p. 46]. 

■ John de la Mare lield half a fee in Jiungonydd [see MCCIV.] iu U61--.'. In 13U0 they seal with 
two lions passant in pale. 

Le Sor, Bor. Soor, were of Backwell-le-Sor, co. Somerset, and probabiy oame with Fitz Hamon, or soon 
after him, into Glamorgan, wheve they had Peterston and St. Fagans, .ind Kilticar, otherwise Kelligaru, 
and now St. Mary Hill. They also held laud in Gloucestershire, and were conuected with Devou and 
CornwaU. Robert le Sor witnessed a de Haia Charter in 1102, aud John le Sor held land in KeUigarn 
before the reign of Henvy II. Sir Peter uo doubt gave uame to Peter.ston. KeUigarn seems to have been 
aoquired by Sir Richard Piucerna and so inherited by Sir Samson de Halweia, who, with the permission of 
Sir John, son of Sir Odo le Sor, granted it to Neath Abbey. and it was confirmed by King John in 1208. 

In 1201 they held 15 fees in tlie Houour of Gloucester, and paid an aid ou the marviage of the EavVs 
eldest daughtev, in 1251 , Xn 1202 and 1262 they held a fee in St. Fagans, valued at £10. 

Sir Mayo, ov Matho, le Sore of St. Fagaus, Knight, was Sheriit' of Glamorgan 20 Edward III. His 
descendant of the same uame is said to liave had a feud with David ap Gwilim about the capacity of a 
drmking cup ; and to have been besieged in Petevston Castle by Owain Glendowr, who took the place, 
dismantled it, and cut off Sir Mayos liead. The hiU from wliich Owaiu descended upon the Castle is 
called in consequence -AUt Owam.' This fiual Sir Mayo was probably the last male, as Peterston 
escheated to the Lord. He married Maud, daughter and co-heir of IMiilip Huntley, who bore 'sable ar 
goble argent y 3 chorn sable rhwng y :i pheu karwst gardant ' [argent, on a cherron gules between three 
stags' heads cabossed sable, a» many hunting horns ar</evt, stringed or). Sir Mayo seems to have left three 
daughters, co-heirs : — 

I. WenUian, married Sir \Vm. (Johu) Wolf of Wolfs Newton, wlio bove '3 wolffi pais Rodri gules llew 
saliaut or ' in a border engrailert m- ; and their descendaut. Barbara Wolf, married Sir Henry Seymour of 
Wolf Hall. whence the duc;\l family. lu the Seymouv escutcheou appear the arms of Huntley, miscalled 
' Le Sor of St. Fagans.' 

II. Sarah, married Howell ap Griffith, whence Lewis of Van, Llanisheu, etc. Her desceudants have 
usually quartered Le Sore, and stiU do so. 

III. Coheiress of St. Fagaus, marvied Petev le Vele, fvom whoin canic John Vele, who, by In<j.ji. Murtem, 
a Uenry VI.. died seized of St. Fagans Castle and Manor, and a memljer of the Manor of Llyaworney. 

The Velea. who were a Gloucestersliire family of '["ortworlh, tliere continued; but the St. Fagans 
branch ended in Alice Vele. an heivess, who uuirried David Mathew, and had four daughters, co-heivs, who 
seem to have sold the property. Charter L. shews that Sir Peter de Veel was in possession before 1377. 
St. Fagans was sold to Dr. John Gibbon in 1578, a,nd became the residenee of the Lewis' of Van. 

For the Le Sore pedigree soe Sir S. Meyrick, i., 13 ; CoII. Top., iii., 73 ; v., 19, 22 ; Rees Meyvick, p. II ; 
/. p. .V., ii. 129 ; Hearne, Liher Scacc... i., 161 ; CoIIinson's Somerset, ii., 11«. 306, 320, 463, 546. 

(1) Clendach in the Record Edition, l)ut au error. 

(2) Constance Cross, which seems a name applied to a brook. is lost, but Cleudach is Nant Clydach. 
The Cliapel of Seath Castle seenis to have beon cndowed ; if so, it is llie solitary iustance in this county. 



319 



(3) Aissa is Monk Nash, where. in 1290, the Abbey had a grange. and where are still remains of the 
Abbey bam. The farm inclnded 10 carucates of land. 

(4) Pendelin, Pandelia of LXVII., can soarcely be Pendoylan as has beeu supposed; it may be the 
Pondewelin [CCLXXXVII.] and Crban de Penducaet [CCXII.] Urban de Pendiuelin. 

(.i) Litteham, given by Samson de AllweLa of St. Donats, in exchange for Kilticar, and confirmed by 
Wil)iam, his son, was in Somerset, as were Exford and Cubehietu. Kilticar is unknown, but it i.s 
mentioned in Pope Nicholas" taxation. It was in Groneath Deanery. The Abbot ot Neath was patron 
of its Church. The House retained Exford Ifanor to the Dissolution, when it yielded lOs. annnally. 
Is. id.. possibly f or its care, was paid to the Abbot of Clyre. 

(6) De Ponte is probably the land whence the Moricius de Ponte derived his name. 

(71 Blakescarra, or Blackscar. now Sker, is a rillage among the Kenfig sands. The right of wreck is 
admitted to belong to the present Lord of the ilanor, derired through the Evans' of Gnoll. 

(8) The Mansion, in CardiH:, is probably that called by Meyrick the 'Hou.se de Villarys,' of which the 
Moiiks uever got possession. 

(9) The Castle. Grange, and now destroyed Chapel of Loughor was in part of the Lordship of Gower, 
within which Villiers held of Henry, Earl of Warwick. *- 

(10) Rees ap Jestyn held land in the Neath Valley, and is said to have given name to Resolven. His 
sons, Jorverd, Oeyno and Hoel, are not elsewhere named. 

(H) St. Ilith is Llanilid, neav Llanharnm. Huntingeshill is near Cwm Sarth, in the Lordship of 
Neath-citra, and which, in the presentment of l(i28, is naraed as a part of the Abbey estate, but in the 
Manor of Cadoxton. 

(12) Brigeton is probably Briton Perry. 

(13) TurgehUl is probably Takkard of the Dissolution vecords ; it may be Craigmawr. 

(14) Leyson ap Movgan was Lord of Avene, as was his father, Morgan ap Oaradoc. 

(15) Portwer, Portenmayn, Barnotesdone. St. Decumanus. and Kanisfoi-d are lost. 

(16) Barri held a fee in Gower. 

(17) Errov for Blancagnel. 

(18) Aicene, error in the Record Editiou. 

(19) Cwmtioch, or Cwmturch, is ia the Neath Valley. ( "' t> ■ ' ^ t- . ■• 

(20) .?t. Augustine's was in Bristol. where .T. de Grenehill and his wife, Alienore, held a messuage at the 
DisBoIntion, yielding £1 lls. 8d. amunlly. 



CCCXIX. 

SUIT OF AGNES DE TORrNGTON. 

[RoTUL. DE FiN., p. 423.] 9 JoHx. 1208. 

Glanmorgan. Agnes que fuit uxor Hamelini de Torinton dat vigiuti 
marcas pro habenda terra sua que ei hereditarie de[s]cendit, et quam idem 
Hamelinus cum ea habuit cum bladis et catallis ejusdem terre que eam 
contingunt. Et mandatum est Faukesio tunc ballivo quod accepta ab ea 
securitate de iine illo, faciat ita ei habere saisinam de predicta terra. 



320 



CCCXX. 

SUIT OF THE ABBOT OF MAEGAM FOE THE MOOE 
OF LAWARETH. 

[EoTUL. i)E FiN., p. 424.] 9 JoHN. 1208. 

Abbas de Morgan dat centum marcas pro habenda in liberam elemosiuam 
tota mora de La wareth' de Houodhai.oc cum pertiuenoiis suis, et similiter terra 
Peitevin cum omnibus pertinenciis suis sicut continetiu' in carta domini Eegis 
quam inde babuit. 

CCCXXI. 

EOYAL ^VEIT TO THE BAEONS, ETC, OF THE HONOUES OF 
GLAMOEGAN AND CAEDIFF FOE BUILDING HOUSES 
IN THE BAILEY OF CAEDIFF CASTLE. 

[EoTui,. LiT. Pat., I. 79.] 1208. 

Eex omnibus baronibus et militibus de Honore de Glanmorgan et de 
Honore de Kaekdif etc. Mandamus vobis quod faoiatis fieri domos nostras in 
ballio castri de Kaerdif siout ibi fieri debent et solent et faciatis ibi wardas sicut 
facere debetis et consuevistis sicut diligitis feoda vestra. Teste me ipso apud 
Harpktre. y. die Mareii. 

Au Houour, siys M;idox, wms tbe uauie given liy llie Normanf to some considerable signory conferred 
by the Sovereign uiion ii great uoble. It is sometinies styled a Barony, a Terre. or a fce, names also 
applied to a mucii smaller estate. Usually its uame is derived from ihe land, as of Oloucester, but 
sonietimes from the name of its Lord, as tlie Houour ot G-iffard, or Clare, or ile Aquila. 

The Lord of an Honour was bound to do jjersonal service to the Crowu, aud tu provide as many 
Knights .is the Houour was rated at. Wlien he paid scutage to the Crown, lie receivcd it fvom the 
Kuights, liis tenauts. The Honour of Gloucestev was rated at 327 Knights' fees, that of Clare at 18G fees, 
thiil of Si. Hilary at i:!! fees, all hcld by tlie family of de Chrc, who also iuberited a moiety of that ot 
fiiflfard. Every Honour had a caput or chicf rcsidence, most commMuly a Castle, as the Houour of 
Hiclimond, of Clarc, and that of Duuster. Xhe tiiuauts of an Houoiir wero not bound to give personal 
servicc. they had the optiou of paying scutage. 

Whcn the Lord of an Honour was a minor, tlie Crowu had the waiilship; on the failurc of heirs it 
cscheated to the Crown. but in sucli case it was uot absorbed, but held a» dctached and distiuct, and the 
sub-tenants lield ' in Capitc dc Corona,' wliile the ordinary tenants of the Crown held ' de Corona ' only. 



321 



Strictly speaking. Glamorgan, though held with the Honour of Gloucester, waa uot an Honour uor 
included in that of Gloucester, thongh the distinction was sometimes neglected. 

Probably, when tbe estates of the Saxon Brictric were granted to Fitz Hamon, they were erected into 
the Honour of Gloucester. John detached the Castle of Bristol from the Honour ; the Castle of 
Gloucester never belonged to it. The statute ' Quia emptores terrarum ' put an end to subordinate tenures 
in Capite, confining it to holdings direct from the Crown. 

Henry II. died seized of the Honour of Gloucester by escheat. It descended to Richard I., who 
enfeofled Prince John ot it. who lield it in fee ' per Baroniam ' by homage and service. John was 
afterwards disseized of it in the Royal Court, but it was restored to him by his brother Richard. When 
John became King, the Honour vested in the Crown, and the homage and service ceased on the part of the 
Lord, but the tenants held ' ut de Honore in Capite.' Fiefs held at second hand, being held of the Lords, 
' who held of the Crown. On the Continent they were styled ' Arriere-fiefs.' 

The Lordship of Glamorgan seems to have passed into a sort of abeyance between the co-heiresses o£ 
Earl Kobert, until the Crown determined which sister shonld inherit. 

KNIGHTS' LODGINGS, CARDIFF CASTLE. 

The maze of fable that lias invested the early settlement of the Lordship of Glamorgan has throwa 
doubt upon all statements not absolutely proven, and among others upou the belief that the Knights who 
held by Castle Guard were bound to maintain liouses within the Castle precincts. The matter is however 
set at rest by this document, by wMch the King calls upon the Barons and Knights of the Honour of 
Glamorgau and Cardiff (a phrase here used carelessly) to maintain the houses within the Castle Baiiey, 
and to keep ward there, as they were wont to do. The houses were within the outer ward of the Castle, 
where their foundations were lately laid open, and where also was originaUy the Town Hall, of Cardiff. 
The houses, being within the Castle, were the property of tlic Lord. but the tenants were to keep them 
in repair. 

The Pipe RoU of 1208 shews that John was expending £22 lOs. on the repairs of the Castles of CardifE 
and Neath, and he therefore with some reason called upon the chief tenants to do their duty. 



CCCXXII. 

EOTAL GRANT OF PRIVILEGES TO THE WELSHMEN 

OF GOWER. 

[RoTUL. LiT. Pat., Vol. I., p. 87.] 

lONov. lOJoHN. 1208. 
JoHANNES Dei gratia, etc. Sciatis nos ac quietasse Walenses de Goher de 
consuetudine quam servientes nostri de castello de Swenes' habuerunt cum 
predictis Walensibus comedendi, et nolumus quod ipsi super hoc decetero ab 
aliquo molestentur vel graventur. Teste domino Wintonensi episcopo apud 
Cristcheriche, XI. die Novembris. Et anno Regni nostri x"""- 

2 Q 



322 



CCCXXIII. 

EOYAL GRANT OF PRIYILEGBS TO THE BNGLISHMEN 

OF GOWER. 
[RoTUL. LiT. Pat., Vol. I., p. 87.] 1208. 

Rex omnibus otc. Seiatis ii08 qiiietasse Anglicos de Goiher de consuetudine 
quam servientes nostri de castello de Swenes' habuerimt cum predictis Anglicis 
oomedendi, et nolumus quod ipsi super hoc etc. Ut supra. 

A very curious pair of documeats. The giirrisoii of Swausea Castle aeems to have been composcd of 
Welsh and Euglish soldiers, who were accustomed to mess together, and probably quarrelled over their 
viands. 



CCCXXIV. 

CHARTER BY ISABELLA, COUNTESS OF GLOUCESTER, AFTER 
THE RUPTURE OF HER MARRIAGE WITH KING JOHN 
AND BEFORE THAT WITH THE EARL OF ESSBX. 

[Margam Charter.] Post 1208. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuii quod ego Isabel comitissa Gloucestrie 
coucessi et dedi et hac preseuti carta mea confirmavi pro salute anime mee et 
anteoessorum et suocessorum meorum Deo et Sancte Marie de Margan et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et peqietuam elemosinam has teiTas 
in feudo de Kenef[eg] scilicet et totam terram Peteteuini' per divisas suas 
cum pertinenoiis suis et totam terram Hugonis de Hkreforh' per divisas suas 
cum pertinenciis suis et totam terrain Wallensium- pro qua solobaut roddere 
anuuatini xxx. duos solidos ballivis de Kenef[kg] et totam Moniiu de Havkd- 
HALOC inter duas aipias scilieet Kenef[eg] et Baithan. Tenendas de me et 
heredibus ineis libere et quiete ab omni servioio cousuetudine et exaotione seculari 
sicut uUa elemosina liberius et qulecius ^wtest teneri. Et ex dono Willei.mi de 



323 



Lond' et herediun ejus totam terram de Eglesketnwir^ CTxm pertinenciis suia 
sicut carte ipsorum testantur et quicquid habent ex dono Henrici de Umfram- 
viLLA et heredum apud Landmedth[in].' Testibus etc. 

(1) Cf. No. CCCXX. (2) Cf. No. CCCL. (:j) No. CGCCLXIL (4) No. CCXII. 

Isabel, third daiighter and co-heir of William, Earl ot G-loucester, married .Tohn, Earl of Moretou, aud 
was divorced soon af ter his accession to the throne in 1 19SI. She then married Geoffirey, Earl of Essex, 
and in her right Earl of Gloucester, and after his death, in 12IG, she married Hubert de Burgh, created 
Earl of Kent, who died 1243. She died s.p., and waa succeeded by her nephew, Almeric d'Evreux, who 
died 122(), s.p., when another nephew, Gilbert de Clare, succeeded. 



cccxxv. 

CHARTER BY THE SAME COUNTESS CONFIRMING LANDS, 
ETC, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1200—1214. 

Sciant omnes p. et f. quod ego Isabel comitissa Gloucestrie concessi et dedi 
et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et 
successorum meorum Deo et beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus in puram et perpetuam elemosinam has terras in feudo de Kenefeg. 
Scilicet totam terram Peitevin' per divisas suas cum pertinenciis suis. Et totam 
terram Hugonis de Hereford per divisas suas oum pertinenoiis suis. Et totam 
terram Walensium pro qua solebant reddere annuatim xxx. u. solidos ballivis de 
Kenefeg. Et totam Moram de Hbvedhalok inter duas aquas scilicet Kenefeg 
et Baithan . tene[n]das de me et heredibus meis Ubere et quiete ab omni servioio . 
consuetudine . et exactione seculari . sicut uUa elemosina Uberius et quietius potest 
teneri. Preterea concessi eisdem monachis et confirmavi omnes donationes quas 
eis fecerunt Eobertus comes avus meus . et Willelmus comes pater meus . 
scilicet omnes terras cum pertinenciis suis inter Kenefeg . et ulteriorem ripam 
aque de Avene ulterioris . que est ad occidentem hennitagii Theodorici. Et sicut 
montana tendunt a sursa aque de Kenefeg . usque ad locum Middelcros . et 
inde tuno sm-sum usque ad Blain-nant-Disculua . et inde usque ad Ridke- 



324 



VELECHT . et inde sicut Avene deseendit in mare. Et totam "Wrkk inter 
Kenefeg et AvENE. Et uniun burgagium in Kenefeg. Et unum burgagium 
in Kaerdif. Et unum burgagium in Novo Burgo. Et unum burgagium 
in Bristollia. Insuper etiam concessi eisdem monaehis et confirmavi dona- 
tiones liberorum hominum meorum . scilicet terram Sturmt per divisas suas 
cum pertiuenciis suis . unde habent confirmationem patris mei. Et quicquid 
habent ex dono Gtilleberti Q-ramus et heredum ejus. Et quicquid habent ex 
dono burgensium de Kenefeg et liberonim hominum in viUa de Kenefeg . vel 
extra in eodem feudo. Et ex dono Morgani filii Oweni Hevedhalok. Et 
totum feudum de Landgewv ex dono David Scurlag et antecessorum et 
heredum ejus . et concessione Nicholai Puinz . sicut carte ipsonim testantur. 
Et quicquid habent ex dono Pagani de Turberuilla et heredum ejus in 
KoiTHCARTH. Et cx dono filiorum Herberti Kithlecullum per divisas suas. 
Et terram Lacheles et alias^ donationes ibidem siout carte donatorum testantur. 
Et quicquid habent ex dono Morgani filii Caradoci et heredum ejus in marisco 
de Avene . et Berchi.s . et Rossaulin . et communem pasturam in montanis 
inter Taf et Neth . et Pultimor aput Landmeuthin. Et ex dono Willelmi de 
London' totam terram de Egliskainwtr eum pertinenciis suis sicut carte quas 
inde habent testantur. Et quicquid habent ex dono Henrici de Umkramville 
et heredum ejus uput Landmeuthin et Bradingtone. Et xii. acras quas 
ibidem habent ex dono Urbani sacerdotis de Pendivelin'. Et ex dono 
Hugonis de Landkarvan et heredum ejus xxx"- lu. acras. Et ex dono Ade 
de SuMERT xij. acras. Et ex dono Jorvarth filii Justini u. acras. Et 
quicquid habent ex dono Johannis de Bonevilla ot heredum ejus aput 
Bonevillestone. Et ibidem ex dono TEMri.ARiom m xl. acras. Et ex dono 
Maredu et heredum ejus comraunam terre sue in boscis et pasturis quantum 
opus habueriiit ad grangiam suam de Landmeuthin. Et quod liabeut ex 
dono Roberti Samsonis in feudo Sancti Nicholai. Et quioquid habent ex dono 
burgensium de Kaerdif . vel liberorum hooiinum in eadem \-illa vel extra. 



325 



Hec omnia concessi et confirmavi predictis monachis de Margan . habenda et 
tenenda in perpetuum sieut karte donatonmi quas inde habent testantiu-. Concessi 
etiam eis et confirmavi omnes alias donationes eis rationabiliter factas vel faciendas 
simul et venditiones et invadiationes . sicut oarte donatoinxm . venditoi"um . et 
invadiatorum . quas inde habent testantxu" vel testabuntur. Ciuare volo et 
firmiter precipio quod predicti monaohi habeant et teneant omnia predicta bene et 
in pace . libere et quiete . integre et plenarie . et honorifice . in boseo et plano . in 
viis et semitis . in aquis et molendinis . in vivariis et stagnis . in moris et mariscis . 
in turbariis et piscariis . in pratis et pasturis . et in onmibus aliis locis et rebus 
cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus suis . sicut predictum est. 
Hiis testibus . domino Henrico Landavensi episcopo . Urbano Landavensi 
archidiacono . Nicholao Puinz . Henrico de Umframvill' . Johanne de Sancto 
QuiNTiNO . Waltero de Sulie . Baldewino de Swinesheued tunc vicecomite . 

GlLLEBERTO dc TuRBERUILl' . RlCARDO FlAMMANg' . WlLLELMO do CaNTELW . 

Radulpho Mailok . Reimundo de Suly . Willelmo le Sor . Radulpho de 
Olivedun . et multis aliis. 

Seal of the Countess, imperfect and indistinct. 

' [+ SIGILlJlM . ISABEl' . COMITl[lSSE . g]loECESTRIE . ET . M0r[eTUNIe].' 

Reverse, as described fiu-ther on. 

Endorsed — ' Confirmatio Grenerahs Ysabele comitisse de Gloecestria de omnibus 
tenementis nostris,' etc. 

(1) •ailias' MS. 

CCCXXVI. 

CHARTER BY GEOFFREY, EARL OF GLOUCESTER AND 
ESSEX, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant onmes presentes et futuri . quod ego . G-aufridus de Mandevilla . 
comes Gloucestrie et Essexie . consensu et consilio . Isabel uxoris mee 



326 



comitisse Q-t.oucestrie . concessi et dedi . et hac presenti carta mea eonfirmavi . 
pro salute anime mee . et antecessorum et successorum meorum . Deo et beate 
Marie de Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus . iu puram et per- 
petuam elemosinam has terras in feudo de Kenef[eg]. Scilicet totam terram 
Peitedini . per divisas suas ciun pertinentiis suis. Et totam terram Wallen- 
siUM . pro qua solebant reddere annuatim xxxu. solidos . ballivis de Kenef[eg]. 
Et totam ten-am Hugonis de Herefordia per divisas suas cum pertinentiis suis. 
Et totam moram de Havedhaloc . inter duas aquas scilicet Kenef[eg] . et 
Baithan . tenendas de me . et heredibus meis . libere et quiete . ab omni servitio 
consuetudine . et exactione seoulari . sicut uUa elemosina liberius et quietius 
potest teneri. Preterea concessi eisdem monachis . et confirmavi omnes donationes 
ques eis fecerunt Eobertus . et Willelmus comites G-loucestrie. ScUicet 
omnes terras cum pertinentiis suis inter Kenef[eg] . et ulteriorem ripam aque de 
AvENE ulterioris que est ad occidentem hermitagii Theoderici . Et sicut montana 
tendunt a sursa aque de Kenef[eg] . usque ad locum Middelcros . et inde in 
transversum usque ad Blainant Disculua . Et inde usque ad Ridkeuelechi. 
Et inde sicut Avene descendit in mare . Et totum wrek inter Avene . et 
Kenef[eg]. Et unum burgagium in Kenef[eg] . et unum bm"gagium in 
Kaerdif . et unum burgagium in Novo Burgo . et unam bm'gagium in 
Bristollia. Insuper ooncessi eisdem monachis et confirmavi donationes liber- 
orum hominum meorum . scilicet terram Sturmi . per divisas suas cum pertinentiis 
suis . unde habeut confirmationem Willelmi oomitis Gloucestrie . Et quicquid 
habent ex dono Gilleberti Grammus . et heredum ejus . Et quicquid habent 
ex dono bm-gensium de Kenef[eg] . et liberorum hominmn in villa de 
Kenef[eg] . xel extra in eodem feudo . Et ex dono Morgani filii Oweni . 
Havedhaloc . Et totum feudum de Langewi . ex dono David Scurlag . et 
antecessorum et heredum ejus . et coucessione Nicholai Puinz . sicut carte 
ipsorum testantur . Et quicquid habent ex dono Pagani de Turbervilla in 
Coithcarth . Et ex dono filiorum Hkkkberti . Killkculum per divisas suas. 



327 



Et terram Lageles . apud Lagelestun . Et quiequid habent ex dono Morgani 
filii Caradoci . et heredum eju.s in marisco de Avene . et Bereghes . et 
RossAULiN . et communam pastui'am {sic) in montanis inter Thaf et Neth . Et 
PuLTiMOR apud Lanmeuthin . Ex dono Willelmi de Lond[oniis] et heredum 
ejus totam terram de Egliskeinwir eum pertinentiis suis sicut carte ipsorum 
testantur . Bt quicquid habent ex dono Henrici de TJmframvilla . et heredum 
ejus apud Lanmeuthin . et xu. aeras quas ibidem habent ex dono Urbani 
sacerdotis de Pendeulin . Et ex dono Hugonis de Lancarvan . et heredum 
ejus xxxiiJ. aoras . Et ex dono Ade de Sumeri xij. acras . Et ex dono Joruardi 
filii JusTiNi duas acras . Et quicquid ex dono Johannis de Bonevilestun 
et heredum ejus apud Bonevillestunam . Et ibidem ex dono Templariorum 
XL''- aeras . Et ex dono Mareduth et heredum ejus . comunam terre sue in 
boscis . et quantum opus habuerint ad grangiam suam de Lanmeuthin . Et 
quod habent ex dono . EpOBERTI Sanson' . in feudo Sancti Nicholai . Et quic- 
quid habent ex dono burgensium de Kardif vel liberorum hominum in eadem 
villa vel extra. 

Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod predicti monachi habeant et teneant omnia 
predicta . bene et in pace . libere et quiete . integre et plenarie et honorifice . in 
bosco et plano . in viis et semitis . in aquis et molendinis . in vivariis et stagnis . 
in moris et mariscis . in turbariis et piscariis . in pratis et pasturis . et in omnibus 
aliis locis . et rebus . oum omnibus libertatibus . et liberis consuetudinibus suis. 
Hec omnia concessi et confirmavi predictis monaetis de Margan . liabenda 
et tenenda imperpetuum . sicut curte donatorum quas inde habent testantur . 
Concessi etiam eis et confirmavi . omnes alias donationes eis rationabiliter factas . 
vel faciendas . siout carte donatorum . venditorum . et invadiatorum quas 
inde habent . vel habitmi sunt . testantur . vel testificabuntur. Hiis testibus . 
domino . Henrico Landavense episcopo . TJrbano Landavensk arohidiacono . 
NiCHOLAO PoiNZ . Henrico de Umframvilla . JoHANNE de Sancto Quintino . 
Waltero de Sullie . Radulfo de SunNESHEUEo' . tunc vicecomile . Ricardo 



328 



FlAMANGO . GrlLLEBERTO de TuRliERVILLA . WlLLELMO de CaNTILUPO . EeIMUNDO 

de SuLLiE . Radulfo Mayloc . Willelmo le Sor . Radulfo de Clivedun . 
et multis aliis. 

Round seal in green wax, Ifin. diam. Device, a heater-shaped shield of arms: 
quarteiiy, 1 and 4 plain, 2 and 3 vair (?). 

Legend — ' + sigill' . galfr . . . . de . maundevil'.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Gr. de Mandevilla geueralis,' and in a later hand, ' de tota 
ten-a de Margan cum Wreuke ab ulteriori Ripa de Aven ad Kenfige.' ' Taff . 
Nethe.' ' before date.' ' Terram in feodo de Kenfigg.' 

Henry, Prior of Abergavenuy, conaecratetl to Llaudaff before 11SI6, died November, 1218. 

GeofiPrey Fitz Piers, or de Mandeville, Earl of Essex, manied Countess Isabel in 1213. Killed in a 
tournament, 12] r>. 

CCCXXVII. 

GRANT BY MARGAN, SON OF CARADOC, TO MARGAM 
ABBEY, OF LAND AT WEST LALESTON, Etc. 

[Margam Charter.] 1208. 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis p. e. f. Marganus filius Karadoci salutum. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hao carta confirmasse D. et e. Sancte M. de 
Margan et m. i. D. s. quater xx^'- aeras terre arabilis ex westpai-te de Lag- 
helestune et ex northpai'te vie que vadit de Laghelestune versus Kenefeg 
et ex estparte illarum l. acrarum quas ante dederam eis in elemosina. Has 
ergo quater xx''- acras infra has metas jacentes dedi iu elemosiaam ad habendum 
et tenendum libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio et consuetudiue et exactione 
sicut idla elemosina liberius teneri potest . reddendo annuatim miohi et heredibus 
meis solummodo quadraginta denarios . ad festum Sancti Michaelis. Et 
sciendum quod totam firmam pre manibus accepi viii'"- annorum quorum primus 
fuit annus m'"*- c"'*- c"*- viij"^- Et hoc totum warentizabimus ois ego et heredes 
mei in perpetuum. Hiis testibus . Helia decano . Henrico monacho . Willelmo 



329 



de Bedinctuna . Johannes Sor . David Piiinel . Madoc filio Meileri . 
Hernaldo convei'so . Jordano converso. 

Seal of Morgau ap Caradoc, red wax, chipped. 

Endorsed — ' Morgani de quater xx'' acris.' 

CCCXXVIII. 

GEANT BY MOEGAN, SON OF CEADOC, OF LAND IN 

LAHELESTUN, OE LALESTON, TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte eoclesie filiis ad quos p. s. p. Morganus filius Cradoci 
salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et conseusu Leisan et Ow^ein filiorum meorum dedisse ot 
concessisse et hac carta confirmasse D. et e. B. M. de M. e. m. i. D. s. . totam 
terram que fuit Walteri Laheles cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in p. e. pro 
anima mea et pro animabus predecessomm et successorum nieorum. Habendam 
et tenendam libere et quiete sicut ulla elemosina potest liberius haberi et teneri. 
Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus eis hanc donationem sicut elemosinam 
nostram contra omnes homines in pei'petuura. Et totum annuum redditum quem 
comes solebat accipere et ego post ipsum de illa terra. Scilioet viii. solidos et 
iiii'"'- denarios . ego et heredes mei predictis monachis quitum clamavimus in 
perpetuum. Si vero aliquod servitium sive domini Regis sive alicujus alterius 
de illa terra fuerit aliquando requisitum . ego et heredes mei illud faciemus . ita 
quod monachi quieti erimt et liberi ab omni servitio . exactione . et consuetudine 
seculari . in perpetuum. His testibus . Willelmo de Lichevelt . et Eoberto 
de PuLTiMOR converso . de Margan . Wukgano presbitero . Madoco filio 
Orif^fini] . HoEL filio Eogeri . David Pugneil. 

Seal of Morgan f. Cradoe, green wax, chipped. 

Endorsed — ' Morganus de viu. solidis et . iiii'"- denariis de Lahelestuna.' 

2 K 



330 



CCCXXIX. 

ARBITllATION BY THE ABBOTS OF FOUNTAINS, WARDON, 
AND BOXLEY, UNDER MANDATE OF THE ABBOT AND 
GENERAL CHAPTER OF CITEAUX, IN A DISPUTE BE- 
TWEEN THE ABBOTS OF MARGAM AND NEATH. 

[Makgam Ciiarter.] 
Wedn. after St. Julian's Day, 28 May, 1208. 
cy ro gra phum. 

Omnibus ad quos presens soriptuni pervenerit . frater J. de Fontibus . L. de 
Wardone . et R. de Boxley dicti abbates salutem. 

Mandatum domini . A. Clstertiensis et capituli generalis suseepimus in hee 
verba : — 

Frater A. dictus abbas Cistektii totusque conventus abbatum capituli generalis 
dilectis in Christo abbatibus de Fontibus . de Boxley . et de Wardone salu- 
tem . et sineere plenitudinem oaritatis. 

(iuerela que vertitur inter domum de Margan et domum de Neth vobis 
commissa est a eapitulo geuerali. Rogamus ergo dilectionem vestram beuigne 
mandantes . quatinus assumptis vobiscum de viciuis abbatibus aliquibus eam usque 
in Pascha terminetis . super ambiguitate scripte transaccionis utramque partem 
certifieantes . et quod factum fuerit sequenti capitulo nuntietis. Domnus abbas 
RiEVALLis hoc vobis denuntiet . abbas de Tynterne et abbas de Kaerleon . 
abbas de Cumbermar . et abbas de Cumhyr vocentur . et sint assessores non 
judices . valete. 

Hujus igitur auctoritate mandati . aimo ab incarnatione Domini m"' cc°- viij" . 
forla iii.i'' post festum beate Juliane ^nrginis . tara partibus quam assessoribus 
aput grangiam de Margan que vocatur Orchakd iu uostra presencia oonstitutis . 
dicta querela quc vertebatur iuter domum de Margan et domum de Neth . et 
omnes alie querele tunc et ante diem illum mote sub hac paois forma amicabili 
compositioue quieverunt. 



331 



Scilicet quod domus de Makgan jure perpetuo et sine reclamatione domus de 
Neth libere possidebit duas partes pasture sibi viciniores in montanis de feudo 
MoRGANi inter Avene et Neth. Et domus de Neth eadem libertate et sine 
reclamatioue domus de Margan possidebit terciam partem ejusdem pasture aibi 
viciniorem. Bt sciendum quod hec divisio fieri debet ubique in montanis de 
feudo MoRGANi in longiim et in latiun a superiori origine magne Avene que 
voeatur Blainavene reeta linea in transversum usque in aquam de Neth. Et 
ab eadem origine usque ad villam de A^^ene . salvis projmetatibus utriusque 
domus. Scilicet domiii de Margan Roshaxtlyn . cum ejus pertinenciis. 
Scilicet quicquid continetur inter aquam que dicitur Wrach et aquam que dicitur 
Cleodocumchach . et inter aquam de Neth et viam magnam que vadit per 
montana de Thorrebethel usque in Bleinwrach. Salvis etiam proprietatibus 
utriusque domus quas tempore hujus transaccionis habuerunt . tam in maiiscis 
quam in melis in hac divisione non computandis. Ceteris etiam omnibus 
utrique domui inconcusse permanentibus . sicut in transaccione in capitulo generali 
prius inita . continetur . excepto eo quod abbas de Neth . x. mareas argenti de 
iUis XXX. quas de abbate de Margan secundum priorem compositionem recipere 
debuerat . remisit. Preterea de pastura Cadwathlani inter eos ita convenit . 
quod illa in duas medietates dividi debet . et domus de Margan medietatem sibi 
proximiorem in lougum et latum periietuo sine reclamatione domus de Neth 
possidebit. Et domus de Neth eodem jure aliam medietatem grangie eorum de 
KiLLEKAR viciniorem habebit. Ita tamen quod utraque domus de uno pullo 
duorum annorum Morgano et heredibus suis annuatim pro hac pastui-a solvendo 
commimiter satisfaciet. Insuper autem utriusque partis assensu ad perpetue 
pacis observanciam provisum est . quod domus de Neth uiehil de pastura 
GriLLEBERTi de TuRBERViLLA . ueque de terra Moredu . neque de aHqua pastura 
vel possessione quam domus de Margan tunc temporis habuit . siue assensu 
abbatis et eonventus domus de Neth sibi appropriabit vel occupabit. Sinuliter 
domus de Margan nichil de pastura vel possessione aliqua quam domus de Neth 



332 



tunc temporis habuit . sine assensu abbatis ot conventus domus de Neth sibi 
appropriabit vel occupabit. Si quis autem monachus vel conversus domus de 
Margan . sive de Neth . scienter contra hanc compositionis formam que pro 
pei-petua caritatis et pacis observantia inita est venire presumpserit . penam quam 
in memorata transactione auctoritate capituli generalis eonfirmata . expressa est . 
sine omni dispensatione sustineat. Et ut hec compositio rata et inooncussa 
imperpetuum permaaeat . sigillorum nostrorum attestatione et appositione eam 
corroboravimus. 

Four pointed oval seals, red wax. 

1. Imperfect, Ifin. by l|in. An abbot standing on a corbel, holding a 
pastoral staff iu the right hand and a book in the left. The abbot of Fountaina, 
co. Tork. 

' + SIGILLUM . ABBAt[iS . nK . FO]nTANIS.' 
(See Biroh, Catal No. 3,170.) 

2. Perfect, Ifin. by Igin. An abbot standing on a corbel, holding apastoral 
staff in the right hand and u book in the left. The abbot of Wardon, a/.de 
Sartis, co. Bedf. 

' + .SIGILLUM . ABBATIS . PE . SARTIS.' 

3. Fragmentary. about 1 Jiu. by Jin. Aa abbot stauding on a corbel, holdiug 
a staff in right hand. The abbot of Boxlej, co. Kent. 

' BBATIS . DE . BOXEL . . . ' 

(See Bircli, Catal. No. 2,69:i.) 

4. Fragmentary, about Ifiu. by liu. Au abbot standiug ou a corbcl, holding 
a pastoral stafE obliquely with both hands. The abbot of Neath. 

' [+ si]gill' abbatis ' 

Bndorsed — ' Compositio inter domum de Margan et domus de Neth facta per 
abbates exequutores . prima.' And later — ' de metis feodi de Maigam ultra 
Avan et Kellygav.' 



333 



CCCXXX. 

OUSTOMS LEVIED BY THE KING'S SEEGEANTS OF 
SWANSEA CASTLE. 

[From the Gtreat Roi.l of the Pipe. 11 JOHN. ROT. 16 b.] 
[Brit. Mu8., MS. Lansd. 219, f. 3.] 

11 JoHN. A.D. 1209—1210. 
Anglioi' et Walenses de Q-ohier debent . l. mareas et ii. chasouros quod 
EpOx eos quietos clamet de consuetudine quam servientes Regis de Castello de 
Sweinesei habuerunt comedendi cum predictis Anglicis et Walensibus. 

(1) Vid. Nos. CCOXXII.. CCCXXIII. Tid. etiarn Add. ilSS., 1,562, f. 2ii2, 

CCCXXXI. 

DOOKET OF THE ACCOMPT FOR THE HONOUR OF 

GLAMORGAN. 

[From the Gtreat Roll of the Pipe. 11 JOHN. RoT. 16 b.] 
[Brit. Miis., MS. Lansd. 219, f. 3.] 

11 JoHN. 1209—1220. 

Falques' de Breaute . Johannes de Torsue pro eo, reddit compotum 
[to King John] de c'' de Honore de Gtlamorgan. 

(ij Vid. etiam Add. MSS., ■i,.562, f. 202. 

CCCXXXII. 

THE same. 

[From the Q-reat Roll of the Pipe. 12 John, Rot. 10 b.] 

[Ibid., f. 4.] 12 John. A.D. 1210—1211. 

Falques de Breaute . Joannes de Torsue pro eo, reddit oompotuni de o'' de 
Honore de G-lamorgan. 



334 



CCCXXXIII. 

KING JOHN'S WRIT TO THE BAILIFF OF GLAMORGAN TO 

REINSTATE WILLIAM DE CARRIO IN HIS HOUSE OF 

CARRI. 

[RoTUL. LiT. Pat., Vol. I., Part I., p. 92.] 

21 May. 14 JoHN. A.D. 1212 or 1213. 

Rex dilecto et fideli suo Falkesio ballivo de Glanmorgan etc. Sciatis quod 
reddidimus Willei,mo de Carrio domum suam de Cakrio cum terris quas habuit 
die quo venimus ultimo usque Penbroc' ad transfretandum in Hyberniam . anno 
regni nostri xu"""- Et ideo vobis mandamus quod domum illam cum terris illis 
que sunt in balliva vestra ei habere faciatis etc. 

Teste Willelmo Bkiwerr apud Westmonasterium . xxj. die Maii . 
anno xiiu'""- 

The name of Carrio for either person or place has not been recognised in Glamorgan. The reference 
is probably to Carew, in Pembrokeshire. aud the writ addreesed either in error to Glamorgan, or it may be 
that the then Bailiff of Glamorgan. ■« lio was miich in John's favour, was iu charge of all Sonth Wales. 



CCCXXXIV. 

CHARTER OF THE COUNTESS ISABEL TO THE PRIORY OF 
BASSALECH, COUNTY MONMOUTH. 

[Nov. Monasticon, IV. 634.] 1213—1216. 

Sciant preseut"s et futuri quod ego Isabella, coniitissa Gloucestri^ et 
EssExi^, consensu et assensu domiui mei Galfribi de Maundeville, Co- 
mitis EssExiiB et Glouoestrije, coneessi et hac presenti carta mea coiifir- 
mavi Deo et ecclesiae beatse MarijE in ecclesia Sti. Beisilii juxta Ebod et 
mouachis ibidem Deo sei-vientibiis pro anima Johannis Travail qui ibidem 
in servicio nosti-o doceesit, tres acras quas Joiiannbs Hayerlewine tenuit ; 



335 



tenendas et habendas in puram et perpetuam elemosinam in perpetuum liberos et 
quietos ab omni servicio et exactione seculari. TJt hsec autem libera mea coneessio 
et confirmatio stabilis et illaesa permaueat, presens scriptum sigilli mei impressione 
corroboravi. Hiis testibus . domino Henrico comite de HEKFORnE . Willelmo 
Blundo . MoRGAN de Karlion . Radulpho de Swinner tunc vioecomite . 
Waltero de Sulie . Willelmo de Berceroles . Magistro Radulpho Mailoc . 
et multis aliis. 

It is certain tliat a Blount married either tlie daughter or gi'anddaughter of the last Avene, and 
inherited the large possessions of that ancient family. It is also known that the Blounts exchanged those 
poseeasions with Despenser, the Lord of Glamorgan, for lands, it is said, in the North of Englaud, but 
wlio Blount was, or how nearly allied to the gi'eat English family of that name whose chief seat was in 
Stafliordsliire, and who had a cadet branch at Bitton. in G-loucestershire, is not known. Pedigrees of the 
family are sufficiently ample and numerous, but they do not notice the marriage. 

Blund, or Blunt, was a iiame strong about Bitton, in Gloucestershire, where they held land ander Henry 
de Newmarch, not unkuowu iu Glamorgan. Morgan of Caerleon held the town and Castle uuder the 
Couutess, aud was a well-known Welsh chieftain. Walter de Sully was probably the Lord of Sully, p. « /— 

whose daughter, Maud, man'ied Morgan Gam de Avau, iu 1276.''' Ralph Mailoc was an ecclesiastic, ^ 

whose name makes a tigiu"e in tbe aunals of Tcwkesbury in connection with the Cliurch of Llanblethian. ^a^c 

Ebod is the river Ebhw. , 



occxxxv. 

CONFIRMATION BY LEISAN, SON OF MOROAN, TO MARGAM 
ABBET, OF VARIOUS GRANTS IN NEWCASTLE, Etc. 

[Margam Charter.] Christmas Day, 1213. 

Sciant tam p. q. f . quod ego Leissanus filius Morgani concessi et hac mea earta 
confirmavi Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et m. i. D. s. in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam . omnes donationes quas eis fecerunt Rogerus filius Wian 
et fratres ejus . de tota terra ipsorimi filiorum Wian in meo feodo Novi Castelli . 
ut habeant et teneaut predicti monachi predietam terram libere et quiete ab omni 
servicio . oonsuetudine . et exactione . sicut ulla elemosina liberius haberi potest 
imperpetuum . per omnia sieut carte filiorum Wian quas prefati monachi inde 



336 



habent testantiir. Preterea concessi eisdem monachis et hac carta confirmavi 
quod nunquam ipsos monaehos vexabo vel vexare permittam de orto suo iu villa 
Novi Castelli . quem eis Walterus Lagheles dedit in piiram et perjjetuam 
elemosinam . Concessi etiam sepedictis monachis et hac mea carta confirmavi 
omues donatioues et coufirmationes terrarum quas fecit eis Morganus pater meus 
et homines sui . et omnes donationes terrarum quas eisdem monachis fecerunt 
homiues mei in feodo Novi Castelli . ut habeant et teneant predictas terras in 
perpetuam elemosinam . per omnia sicut oarte donatorum testantur. Et hec 
omnia ego et heredes mei prediotis monachis wai-antizabimus in perpetuum. 
Concessi insuper eisdem monachis et hac mea carta confinnavi quod nunquam in 
posterum sepedictos monachos vel res ipsorum vexabo vel inquietabo pro redditu 
pre manibus aocipiendo . de terris quas tenent in feodi Novi Castelli . nec 
redditum ab ipsis monachis accipiam de eisdem terris . antequam veniat terminus 
in cartis ipsorum constitutus et nominatus. Et sciendum quod quando eis hano 
cartam dedi . timc ipsi monachi dederunt mihi xl'" solidos . anno scilicet incar- 
nationis Domini m°- cc"- tercio deoimo . ad natale Domini . et tunc eis remisi 
omnes querelas et calumpnias quas habui versus illos ante illum diem. Et ut hec 
mea concessio et confirmatio firma permaneat imperpetuum . eam presenti scripto 
confirmavi et sigillo meo roboravi. Insuper me hec oninia servaturum . salvos 
plegios inveni. Scilicet magistrum Radulfum Mailoc . Gillebertum de 
TuRRERUiLLA . Walterum Luuel tuuc constabularium de Kenefeg. Hiis 
testibus . magistro Radulfo Mailoc . Gtillebertum de Turberuilla . Henrico 
de Umfranvilla . Waltero Luuel . Alaithur filio Ythenard • Griffino 
filio Knaithur . Madoc frati'e ejus . et multis aliis. 
Seal of Leysan ap Morgan, as in next deed, green wax. 

'+ SIGILLWM . LEISAUN . FILII . [mOrJgAN.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Leisani de redditu pre manibus nox exigendo.' ' Confirmatio 
terre in feodo suo de Novo Castello et de orto in villa Novi Castelh ex dono 
W. Laheles.' 



337 



CCCXXXVI. 

CONFIEMATION BT LEISAN, SON OF MORGAN, OF ALL 
HIS FATHERVS ANB HIS OWN GRANTS, ETC, TO 
MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Chartek.] 

Oct. of SS. Peter and Paul. 6 July, 1213. 

Sciant omnes tam p. q. f. quod ego Leisanus fiHus Margani concessi et hac 
karta mea eonfirmavi D. et B. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. omnes donationes 
patris mei et hominum ejus et omnes donationes meas et hominum meorum sicut 
karte mee et karte eorum testantur. Et sciendimi quod quando hanc kartam 
predictis monachis dedi remisi eis omnes querelas et omnes exactiones que fuerunt 
inter me et predictos monachos. Et pro hac concessione et confirmatione dederunt 
michi predicti monachi v. libras argenti in ootava apostolorum Petri et Pauli 
anno incarnationis domini m" cc" xiij" Remisi etiam eis terram eorum in 
territorio de No^^o Castello quam injuste aravi et seminavi . scilicet Argolesull' 
et bladum ejusdem teire ut habeant et teneant eam et omnes alias terras suas 
lihere et quiete cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis. Insuper juravi super 
sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan quod hec omuia predicta fideliter et fii"miter 
observabo in perpetiimn. Hiis testibus . Mauritio presbitero . Wilfrido presbitero . 
Radulfo clerico . Grifino ab Kneithur . Alaithur . Rogero ab Iuor . 
Radulfo Mailoc . Adam filio Ailwardi . Alewi Ruht . Roberto Samson . 
Thoma Asketil. 

Seal, dark green wax, 2in. diam. A mounted knight galloping to the left, 
arm extended, sword uplifted. 

Legend— ' + sigillwm leisaa'n filii . morgan.' 

Endorsed — ' Leisan de Argolesille.' 



2 S 



338 



CCCXXXVII. 

SUIT OF REIMAND SON OF MARTIN FOR A KNIGHT'S FEE 

IN KADINGAN. 

[ROTUL. DE FlN., I. 535.] 16 JOHN. 1214. 

Q-LAMORGAN. Reimand' fiUus Martini dat X. marcas ut possit deduci se- 
cundum consuetudinem Honoris de Gtlamorgan, de feodo unius militis cum 
pertinentiis in Kaoingan, imde dicit quod Martinus pater ejus obiit saisatus. 

Kadingan lias not been ideutified ; it has been supposed to be Cadoxton-juxta-Neatli. but tlie uaiue as it 
stands appears to be ;m error in the original transcript. 

Martin was a Pembroke famil.y of Baron's rank, holding also Combmartin. in Dcvon. but no Raymond 
appears in the pedigree. 

COCXXXVIII. 
WRIT BT KING JOHN TO F. DE BREAUTE. TIIE KING HAS 
OrVEN ISABELLA COUNTESS OF GLOUCESTER (HIS 
DIVORCED WIFE^ TO GEOFFREY DE MANDEVILLE, 
EARL OF ESSEX. WHO IS TO HAVE SEISIN OF THE 
HONOUR OF GLAMORGAN. 

[RoTUL. LiT. Pat., VoL. L, p. 109.] 26Jan. 15 John. 1214. 
Rex Falkesio de Breaute, etc. Scias quod dedimus Isabellaji oomitissam 
Q-LOUCESTRiE cognatam nostram Galfrido de Mandevilla comiti Essexie cum 
omnibus terris tenementis et feodis ejusdem comitisse. Et ideo tibi mandamus 
quod eidem Galfrido de honore de Glanmorgan cum omnibus casti-is terris et 
tenementis et feodis et oranibus aliis ad honorora illuni jmrtinentibus sine 
dilatione plenariam saisinam liabore facias . et in hujus rei tostimonium, etc, 
tibi mittimus. Teste mo ipsn ajiud Porkcestriam, xxvi. die Januarii, anno 
regni nostri xv. 

The family of Breaute is Norinan, from William .-^ieur do Breaute, who foun.lcii two ("liapels iu Houen 
Cathedral, and was tather of Roger and Lnce de Breante, who married Jean Makerul Seif,'nenr de 
Hermanville, whencc dcscend the family ot Hastings aud Carleton [Moren. II., 2l!<]. Falk. or Fonlkes de 
Bre lute held Chilliam, Kent, aud was mnch employed by Kini,' John. Henry III., 1219, g-.ive him tl.c tliird 



339 



penuy from the connty of Devon, wiih the wai-dship of the son of the Earl [Rot. de Fin., "293, 301]. He 
waa finally exiled, and died 1228. His daughter married Prince Llewelyn. He was John'3 Cnstos, and 
Sheriff for Glamorgan in 1207, and Ballivus Regis 1208. He held lands forfeited Ijy the Welsh rebels, 
fining 100 marcs and two horses ; half the money was paid in 1207. The Mooks of ilargam shared in 
the spoU and paid a similar fine [CCOXIV. and CCCXVI.]. As Servieus Regis, in 1207, he was directed 
to take security from Gilbert de Turberville lor 50 marcs aud a palfry, aud to give him seizin of his dead 
father's land. He also, as Ballivns Regis, had credit with the Exchequer for £30 lls. 8d. for liveries for 
the King's servants for 20 days sojoum with him. Also, he is aliowed for works at the Castles of CardiflE, 
Newport, and Neath, £58 18s. 6d. The general rule, when a Crown Castle needed repaus, was to caUed 
upon a jury to declare their extent, and to form an estimate of the cost. The repairs were executed by 
the Sheriff ; the certificate is ' per visum of Galf rid de Caerdif , Gilbert the Palm-bearer, and llaster 
William Carpenter.J John seems to have iucluded Glamorgan in the Honour of Gloncester, to which 
Falk was appointed in succession to William Falais [Rot. de Fin., 293, 301]. 

Afljxed to CCCn. is a fragment of au oval seal in brown wax with the figure of au Abbot. Falk had a 
brother living in 1224. 

Upon King John's accession he divorced Conutes.s Isabel, May. 1200, and at once married Isabel of 
Angoulesme, and iu 1201 the Countess was allowed to hold ber lands, ■ aicut antecessores suos '; nevertheless, 
John continued to exercise the powers of Chief Lord, and to apply the revenues as he pleased for about 
13 years, when he permitted the Covuxtess, January, 1214, to marry Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Esaex, 
of which the record is here annouuced to the Custos of the Lordship, The smn charged against Geoffrey 
was a heavy one, 20,000 marc.f , and nearly at the same time he was charged a similar sum on entering upon 
his Earldom. Nothing is here said of security for the Glamorgan payment, and two days later the same 
announcement is made to the free tenants of the Lordship, from whom probably some assistance was 
expected, on the part of their new Lord, 

Shortly afterwarda, Isabel commences her new reigu by a gift to the Church of St, Basil, or Bassaleg, 
on the Ebbw, of tlu'ee acres, to support an obit for an old servant. She styles herself Countess of 
Gloucester and Essex, whereas her husband is Earl of Essex and Gloucester. William de Berkerolles, of 
East Orchard, wlio was Lord of Bassaleg, witnessed thegrant. De -Mandeville died. 1216. childless. when 
Isabel married her third husbaud. Hubert de Burgh. 



cccxxxrx. 

EOYAL MANDATE TO THE TENANTS IN THE HONOTJE OF 

GLOUCESTER, TO OBEY THEIR NEW LOED, GEOFFEEY 

DE MANDEVILLE, NEWLY MAHEIED TO THE COUNTESS 

ISABEL. . 

[EoTUL. LiT. Pat., I. 109.] 28 Jan. 1214. 

Rex omnibus militibus et libere tenentibus de Honore G-loucestrie, eto. 
Sciatis quod dedimus Isabellam eomitissam Gloucestrie eognatam nostram 
Galfrido de Mandevilla comiti Essexie in uxorem, cum omnibus terris et 



6 



340 



tenementis et feodis ejusdem coinitisse. Ita tamen quod excaete et custodie que 
inde exciderunt ante tempus hujus eoncessionis illis remaneant quibus eas 
assignavimus salvo inde ipsis Q-alfrido et Isabelle servicio suo. Et ideo vobis 
mandamus quod eidem Galfrido tanquam domino vestro sitis intendentes. 
Et in bujus rei testimonio, etc, vobis transmittimus. T. me ipso apud 
PoRECESTRiAM xxviii. die Jauuarii, anno regni nostri xv. 

CCCXL. 

WEIT BY KING JOHN TO F. DE BREAUTE. THE KING HAS 
COMMITTED TO W. EARL MARSHAL THE CASTLES OF 
OARMARTHEN, CARDINAN, AND GOWER. 
[RoTUL. LiT. Pat., Vol. L, p. 109.] 29 Jan. 15 John. A.D. 1214. 
Rex Falkesio de Breaute eto. Sciatis quod commissimus dilecto et fideli 
nostro W. comiti Mareseallo castra de Kaermerdin . Cardinan et Goher cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis custodienda quamdiu nobis placuerit. Et ideo vobis 
mandamus quod eidem Willelmo predicta castra de Kaermerdin . Cardinan 
et GoHER cum omnibus pertinentiis suis sine dUatione liberetis. Et in hujus rei 
testimonium etc. vobis mittimus. Teste me ipso apud Porecestriam . xxix. die 
Januarij . anno regni nostri . xv"- 

CCCXLI. 
THE SAME. 
[Rotul. de Fin., p. 522.] A.D. 1214. 

De fine quem Wili.ki.mus Mar[escallus] feeit cuni doiuiuo Rege pro Castro 
de Haverford pardonavit ei dominus Rex cc. marcas pro oustodia castrorum 
Kaermerdin et Kardivan et Gohek cum pertinenciis. Et mandatum est 
baronibus de saccaeio quod in prinia pacatione facta de centum maroas et 
secunda pacatione de aliis centum nmroas inde quiete esse faciant. Teste Rege 
apud PoREc' XXX.I. die Januarii. 

Kavilivaii in lliis is Cardia:m in tlie pvecediug document. 



341 



CCCXLII. 

CHARTEE OF CONFIKMATION BY THE COUNTESS ISABEL 

TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Chakter.] 1214—1216. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri . quod ego Isabei, . comitissa G-loucestrie et 
EssEx' consilio et consensu domini mei Gaufridi de Mandeuilla oomitis 
Gloucestrie et Essex coneessi et dedi hac presenti carta mea confirmavi pro 
salute animarum nostrarum et antecessonim et suecessorum nostrorum Deo et 
beate Marie de Margan et mouachos ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam has terras in feudo de Kenefeg. SciUcet totam terram 
Peitevini per divisas suas cum pertinentiis suis . Et totam teiTam Hugonis de 
Hereford per divisas suas . Et totam terram Wallensium pro qua solebant 
reddere annuatim xxx-'- ii. solidos baillivis de Kenefeg . Et totam moram de 
Havedhaloc inter duas aquas scilicet Kenefeg et Baithan . tenendas de me et 
beredibus meis libere et quiete ab omni servitio consuetudine et exactione secTdari 
sicut ulla elemosina liberius et quietius potest teneii. Preterea conoessi eisdem 
monachis et confirmavi omnes donationes quas eis fecerunt Eobertus comes avus 
meus et Willelmus comes pater meus . scilicet omnes terras eum pertinenciis 
suis inter Kenefeg et ulteriorem ripam aque de Avene ulterioris que est ad 
oecidentem hermitagii Theodoricii . et sicut montana tendunt a sursa aque de 
Kenefeg usque ad loeum Middelcros et inde in transversum usque ad Blain- 
NANT DiscuLVA et inde usque ad Eidkevelechy et inde sicut A^^ene descendit 
in mare . Et totum wrek inter Avene et Kenefeg . Et unum burgagium in 
Kenefeg . Et unum burgagium in Kardif . et unum burgagium in Novo 
BuHGO . Et unum burgagium in Bristollia. Insuper etiam concessi eisdem 
monacbis et eonfinnavi omnes donationes liberorum hominum meonim. Scilicet 
terram Sturmt per divisas suas cum pertiuenoiis suis . unde habent eonfirma- 
tionem patris mei . Et quicquid habent ex dono Gilleberti GrammijS et 



342 



heredum ejus . Et quicquid habent ex dono burgensium de Kenefeg et liberorum 
hominum in villa de Kenefeg vel extra in eodem feudo . Et ex dono Mokgani 
filii OwEXX Havedhaloc . Et totum feudum de Laj^gewi ex dono Daviti 
Scurlag et antecessorum et heredum ejus . et concessione Nicholai Poinz 
sicut cai-te ipsorum testantur . Et quicquid habent ex dono Pagani de 
Turbervill' et heredum ejus in Koithkarth . Et ex dono filiorum Herberti . 
KiLLECULUN per divisas suas . Et quicquid habent ex dono Morgani filii 
Caradoci et heredum ejus in marisco de Avene et Bereges et Eossaulin et 
PuLTHiMOR apud Landmeuthin . Et communam pastui-am in montanis inter 
Thaf et Neth . et terram Walteri Lageles apud Lageleston . Et ex dono 
Willelmi de Lond' et heredum ejus totam terram de Egliskainwir cmn per- 
tinenciis suis siout carte ipsorum testantur . Et quicquid habent ex dono 
Henrici de Umframvilla et heredum ejus apud Landmeuthin. Etiam xii. 
aoras quas ibidem habent ex dono TJrbani sacerdotis de Pendiuelin . Et ex 
dono HuGONis de Landkarvan et heredum ejus xxxiii. acras . Et ex dono Adam 
de Sumery XII. acras . Et ex dono Jorvarth filii Justin ni. acras . Et quicquid 
habent ex dono Johannis de Bonevileston et heredum ejus aput Bonvileston . 
Et ibidem ex dono Templariorum xl*- acras . Et ex dono Maredu et heredum 
ejus communam terre sue in boscis et pastuxis quautum opus habuerint ad 
grangiam suam de Landmeuthin . Et quod habent ex dono Roberti Sanson' 
in feudo Sancti Nicholai . Et quicquid habent ex dono burgensium de Kardif 
vel liberorum hominum in eadem villa vel extra. 

Hec omnia concessi prcdietis monachis et contu-mavi . habenda et tenenda 
iraperpetuuni sicut carte donatormu quas inde habent testantur. Quare volo et 
fii-miter precipio . quod predicti monachi de Margan habeant et teneant omnia 
predicta bene et in paee libere et quiete integre et plenarie et honorifice in bosoo 
et plano in viifl ot semitis in aquis et molendinis in vivariis et stagnis in moris et 
mariscis in turbariis et piseaiiis iu pratis et pasturis et in omnibus aliis locis et 
rebus cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus suis. Concessi etiam et 



343 



cojifii-mavi eis omnes alias donationes venditiones et invadiationes eis rationabiliter 
factas vel faciendas siciit carte donatorum venditorum et invadiatonim quas inde 
habent vel habituri sunt testantur vel testabuntur. Hiis t«stibus . domino 
Henrico Landayense episcopo . TJrbano Landaatinse archidiacono . Nicholao 
PoTNz . Henrico de UMFRAM\aLLA . JoHANNE de Sauoto QuiNTiNO . Waltero 
de Sollie . Radulfo de Suttynesheved tunc viceoomite . Ricardo Flamang' 

Q-ILLEBERTO de TuRBERVILLA . WlLLELMO de CaNTIHTPO . WlLLELMO le SoR . 

Radulfo Mailok et multis aliis. 

Seal in dark green wax, a rounded oval, about 3|in. by 2in. Device, a femalo 
figure standiag, full-faced, girt at the waist ; the forearms extended, with long 
hanging sleeves. In the right hand a lily, the left hand gone. 

Legend — ' [ um . isabel] . comi .... [gloecest] . . . moretun . . .' 

Counterseal, impression of an antique oval intaglio gem, bearing an imperial 
bust to the right, below it an eagle, at each side a standard topped with a figure 
of Fortune, saluting the imperial head on the right ; Victory placing a wreath 
on the head, on the left. 

'+ EGO SU' Aq'lA CUSTOS d'nE MEE.' 

Tlie seal is of much interest. It appears to bear the fuU inscription of 'Sigilluin Isnbelle Comitis 
Gloucestrie et Moretunie,' and was therefore anterior to the divorce. tsabella. third daughter and 
co-heir of William. Earl of Gloucester, has her pedigree aud marriages set ont below, in explauatiou of 
these titles, and that of Couutess of Essex in the exordium of this Charter. 

William, Earl of Gloucester,= 
ob. 1173. I 



Mabel. Amioia. (1) John, Earl of Moreton,=ISABBLL.\=(2) Geoffrey de Mandeville.=(3) Hubert de 
afterwards Kini;. Di- Earl of Essex, about Burgh.ob, 

vorced before 1200. 1213-14, ob. 121G. 124a. 



344 



COCXLIII. 

GRANT BY MORGAN, SON OF OWEN, TO MARGAM ABBEY, 
OF AIAj HIS LAND OF HAVEDHALOG, BETWEEN THE 
WATERS OF KENEFEG AND BAITHAN. 

[Makgam Charter.] Circa 1215. 

Soiant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Mokganus filius Owen' 
consilio et consensu parentum et heredum meorum dedi et concessi et hac carta 
mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. i. p. e. totam terram 
meara de Haa'edhalog que jacet inter duas aquas scilicet Kenef'. et Baithan . 
et vadit in montana usque ad crucem que sita est juxta magnam viam . per 
easdem divisas per quas unquam eam raelius et plenius tenuit Oweinus pater 
meus . habendam et tenendam de me et heredibus meis inperpetuum . reddendo 
inde miohi et heredibus meis annuatim solummodo viginti soHdos . octavo scilicet 
die ante natale Domini pro omui servicio . consuetudine et seculari exactione. 
Hanc autem ten-am dedi eis cum bosco et plano . cum moris et mariscis . cum 
pratis et pasturis . in longum et latum . cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus 
salvo mihi et heredibus meis annuo redditu viginti solidorum sicut predictum est. 
Et ego et heredes mei hanc donationem nostram prefatis monachis ■warantizabi- 
mus contra omnes horaines tam propinquos quam extraneos inperpetuum. Et ei 
aliquid servicium de prefata terra aliquando requisitum fuei'it . ego et heredes 
mei illud omniuo faciemus et acquietabimus. Et sciendum quod ego Morganus 
affidavi et super sacrosancta eoolesie de Margam juravi quod hec omnia predicta 
fideliter et sine dolo servabo et tenebo predictis monachis inperpetuum. 

Hiis testibus . domino Gtervasio Menevensi episcopo . Martino Menevensi 
archidiacono . Hoel' ab Traharn . Gkiffino ab Mei'Rio . Ricardo ab Moredu'. 

MoRGANO KaM . A].AITHUR . ReIMUNDO de SULIE . WlLLELMO dc SuMERY . 

WiLi.ELMo de Reigny . WiLLELMO de Cantbl . Petro Buteller' . Walter 



845 



LuuEL . magistro Eadulpho Mailoc . Willelmo Luuel . Thoma clerioo . 
EoBERTO Samson . Eeso Koch . Griffino ab Kanaithur . et multis aliis. 
Seal, green wax, pointed oval. An ornamental fleur-de-lis. 

'-I- s' MORGANI . AB OEIN.' 

Endorsed — 'Carta Morgani filii Oweni de Hauodhaloch,' and in a later 
handwriting, ' Girca 1215.' 

CCOXLIV. 

GEANT BY PHILIP, SON OF WUEKENI, OF TEN ACEES 
OF LAND TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 D. 22.] 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Philippus filius Wurkeni 
dedi abbati et monachis de Margan in perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam 
ab onmi servitio et seculari exaotione x"'^™- aoras terre de terra quam comes dedit 
mihi et aliquantulum eo amplius. Soilicet inter viam que vadit inter terram 
meam et terram Pagani de Turbervilla et fossatum quod descendit ab eadem 
via inter terram meam et terram Willelmi Scurlage usque ad metas in signum 
positas in planitie ejusdem campi versus orientem, et hincusque ad bosculum recta 
linea qui est in descensu versus aliam viam que vadit inter terram meam et 
terram Willelmi Scurlage. Hano totam terram dedi eis in terra arabUi et 
pratis et morosis. Testes. frater Eogerus cellararius de Margan . Jordanus 
et EiCARUus de Bada fratres de Margan . Gilebbrtus presbiter de Novo 
Castello . Walterus Laheles . Normannus prepositus . Eilmerus palmerus . 
CoDwiNUs de Novo Castello . Eodbertus nepos meus. 

A pointed oval seal, 2Jin. by IJin , in a fine style of work, in bright red wax. 
Device, a dexter hand and arm, issuing from the proper left, holding a lance- 
flag. 

Legend — ' -|- sigill' filippi f' avurkeni.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Philippi filii Gurgeni.' 

2 T 



346 



CCOXLV. 

GEANT BY PHILIP, SON OF WRGEN, OF TEN ACEES OF 
LAND TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

[Sojiant omnes presentes et futuri quod ego Philippus [filius] Wrgeni . de[di] 
abbati et monachis de Margan . in perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam 
ab omni servitio et seoulari exactioue . [x. a]cra8 terre de ten-a quam comes dedit 
michi . et aliquantulum eo ampliua . scilicet . inter viam que vadit inter terram 
meam et [terram] Pagani de Turbervilla . et fossatum quod descendit ab 
eadem via inter terram meam et terram . W. Scurlag' . usque [ad meta]s in 
signum positas . iu jDlanicie ejusdem campi versus orientem . et liinc usque ad 
boseulum recta liuea [qu; est in] descensu versus aliam viam que vadit inter 

terram meam et terram . W. Scurlag'. Hanc totam terram terra 

arabili et pratis et morosis. Testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Philipi filii Wrgeni de x. acris.' 

There is another copy of this Oharter giving witnesses. 8ee No. CCCXLIV. 



CCCXLVI. 

GRANT BY OARADOC VERBEIS TO BROTHER MEILER AND 
THE BRETHREN OF PENDAR, OTHERWISE MARGAM, OF 
LAND BETWEEN THREE WATERS, FRUTSANANT, CLEU- 
DAO, AND NANTCLOKENIG. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1147. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam posteri quod ego Caradoc Verbkus dedi 
Deo et Sancte Marie et ordini Cisterciensi et fratri Meileko . et fi-ati-ibus de 
Pendak terram meam totam que jacet intor tres aquas . scilioet Prutsanant et 
Clbudac et Nantclokknig in bosco et in plano . qui boscus Hlowenroperdeit 



347 



nommatui' . hanc terram totam dedi eis in perpetuam elemosinam liberam et 
quietam ab omni seculari exactione . concedentibus Margan et Caduwalan et 
Mekiedoc . filiis Caradoci . de quorum feudo terra illa erat et conoedentibus 
fratribus meis . scilicet Joaf . et Gtrtjnu . et Meuric . et filio meo . et uxore 
mea G-ladus . qui omnes abjuraverunt terram predictam cum omnibus parentibus 
suis. Et si contigerit quod aliquis calumpniatus fuerit terram illam . ego et 
omnes parentes mei stabimus pro fratribus ad warezizandum {sic) eam illis. Pro 
hac donatione dederunt mihi Meilerus et fi'atres de Pendar . xx''- solidos. 
Hanc etiam pactionem confirmavi sub juramento et sub sigillo domini mei 
Morgan filii Caradoci quia ego sigillum non habui. Hujus rei testes sunt 
Magister Petrus de Landaf et Joaf Edighet . et Rogerus filius Enian . et 
Kelik Wendot . et Jervert filius Madoc . et Johan Landaf . Maredud filius 
OwENi . Eniauun presbiter de Pentirech . Philippus clericue frater ejus . Ris 
filius JoAu . Adam filiuB Meileri. 

Seal, red wax, 2in. diam. Equestrian type. Variant. 

Legend — ' + sigillum morgani filii cratoci.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Cradoci Verbeis.' 



Caradoc VerbeiB.=Gladu3. Joaf. Grunu. Meuric. 

The Caradoc whose sons are mentioned was the Lord of the fee. 



cccxLvn. 

MEMORANDUM as to canaythen ab robert ab etnon, 
AND how he acquired rossowlin and granted 
iT To maroam: abbey. 

[CoLL. Topog. et Gen. V. 20.] 

Canaythen primo dedit terram de Rosowlin domui de Margan consensu 
domini sni et postea factus ei oonversus vir . . . et tutissime vixit omnibus diebus 
vitf> sue. 



348 



MoRGAN at Cradoc tradidit Oanaythen filium Eoberti ab Eynon obsidem 
pro se domino suo Willimo oomiti Glovernie [et] per modicum tempus 
rebellavit contra dominum suum. 

Hoc audito comes precepit erruere oculos obsidis et remittere ad . . . . In 
reoompensatione oculorum Morgan dedit ei terram de Eossowlin et ille es 
consensu domini sui dedit ecclesie beate Marie de Margan. 

■The original is endorsefi in red ink upon one of the cartulary rolla of Marfjam, and is supposed hv 
Mr. Traherne to have been taken from the register at Neath, extant at St. Donat.s in 1574, liut now lost, 

• Kossowlin, now Resolven, lies in the vale of Neath. Bryu Kyuliaythwydd occurs in an old survey of 
it. A rude cross, on which the words ■ proparavit hanc' are alone legible, is attributed to Canaythen.' 
Coll Top 



CCCXLVIII. 

ROYAL OEDER TO JORDAN DE SAUKEVILLA RESPEOTING 
THE WINES AND CHATTELS OF MEN OF DUBLIN AND 
DROGHEDA IN A SHIP OF CARDIFF ARRESTED AT 
PEMBROKE. 

[RoTUL. LiTT. Claus., Vol. L, p. 27L] 19 May. 17 John. 1216. 

Eex Jordano de Saukevilla etc. 

Mandamup vobis quod vina et catalla proborum bominum nostrorum de 
DuBLiNiA et de Dkogheda que sunt in navi inimioorum nostrorum de Kaerdif 
quam arostatis aj)ud Pknbrociam . eisdem hominibus nostris sine dilatione 
deliberari faoiatis . navem illam ad opus doiuini vestri Willelmi maresoalli 
coraitis PENBHor:!!', [retinentes] . et ita qiiod dicti liomines nostri eidem doiuiiio 
vestro rationabile inde frottum faciant. 

TesUi mo ip.so apud Folkestanum . xix. die Maii. 



349 



CCCXLIX. 

GENERAL OONFIRMATION TO MARGAM BY LSABELLA, [DOW- 
AGEE] COUNTESS OF GLOUCESTER AND ESSEX, DURING 
HER SECOND WIDOWHOOD. 

[Margam Charter.] Post 1216. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Ysabella comitissa GrLou- 
CESTRiE et EssExiE in libera viduitate mea coneessie et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi D. et e. B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. in purara et perpetuam elimosinam 
omnes donationes . concessiones et confirmationes quas eis fecit Robertus comes 
Gloucestrie avus meus . et Willelmus comes G-loucestrie pater meus . 
scilicet omnes terras oum pertinentiis suis inter Kenefeg et ulteriorem ripam 
aque de Avene ulterioris que est ad occidentem hermitagii Theodorici . et sicut 
montana tendunt a sursa aque de Kenefeg usque ad locum Miudelcros . et 
inde in transversum Blainant Disculua et inde usque ad Rikevelechi . et 
inde siout Avene descendit in mare . et totum wrec inter Avene et Kenefeg . 
et unum burgagium in Kaerdif . et xinum burgagium in Novo Burgo . 
et unum burgagium in Bristollia. Concessi eciam predictis monachis et 
confirmavi donationes liberorum hominum meorum . scilicet terram Sturmy per 
divisas suas cum pertinenoiis suis uade habont oonfirmaoionem patris mei . 
et totum forinsecum servitium ejusdem terre Sturmy ad rae vel ad heredes 
meos periinens eisdem mouachis dedi in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . 
et relasavi in perpetuum. Et quicquid habent ex dono G-ileberti Gr.a.mus 
et herednm ejus . et quicquid habent ex dono burgensium de Kenefeg 
et liberonim hominuiu in villa de Kenefeg vel extra in eodeni feodo . et 
totum feodum de Langewi es dono David Scurlagge et anteoessorum ejus. 
Et concessionem Nichoi.ai Puinz. Et totum forinsecum servitium ejusdem 
feodi de Langewi ad me v.d heredes raeos pertinens prefatis monachis dedi in 
perpetuam elemosinam. Et quietuiu clamavi et relaxavi iii pi^rpetuum preter 



350 



«limidiam marcam argenti quam jiro warda et omni alio servitio ad me vel ad 
heredes meos pertinente annuatim nobis reddent . et terram Walteri Lageles . 
«^t quicquid habent ex dono liberorum hominum meorum vel antecessorum suorum 
in feodo Novi Castelli . et quicquid habent ex dono Paoani de Turbertilla 
aut heredum ejus iii Koithkarth. Et ex dono filiornm Herberti Kithle- 
cuLUM . per divisas suas cimi pertinenciis suis et foriusecum servicium scilioet . 
tres . solidos . et sex . denarios qui de eadem terra reddi solebant ad coquinam 
cum omni alio servitio ad me vel ad heredes meos pertinente eisdem monaohis 
dedi et relaxavi in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . et ex dono Morgan filii 
Oeni Hevedhaloc . et quiequid habent ex dono Morgan filii Oaradoci vel 
heredum ejus in marisco de Avene et Berghes et Roshaulin . et com- 
munem pasturam in montanis in Thaf et Neth . et terram que appellatur 
PuLTiMOR apud Landmeuthin. Et si aliquid forinsecum servitium pertinuerit 
michi vel antecessoribus meis de ipsa terra de Pultimor . illud totaliter dedi et 
remisi prefatis monachis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam et quietam clamavi 
in perpetuum . et ex dono Willelmi de Lond[oniis] vel heredum ejus totam 
terram de Egleskeinwer cum pertinenciis suis sicut carte quas inde babent 
testantur . et decem solidatas terre apud M.^rcros ex dono Philippi de Mar- 
CROs . et quicquid habent ex dono Henrici de Umfranvilla vel heredum 
ejus apud Landmeuthin . et Bradintona . et duodecim acras quas habent ex 
dono Urhani sacerdotis de Pendiuelin «t ex dono Hugonis de Lankerttan 
triginta tres acras . et ex dono Ade de Sumery quodecim acras . et ex dono 
JoREUARCH filii JusTiNi duas acras . et quicquid habent ex dono Johannis de 
Bonevilla et heredum ejus apud Boneville[ston] . et ex dono Templariorum 
quadraginta acras ibidem . et ex dono Moreduh communam terre sue in bosois 
et pasturis quanttim opus habuerint ad usum grangie sue ad Landmeuthin . et 
qnicquid habeut ex dono Robkrto Sansun in feodo Sancti Nicholai . et quic- 
quid habent ex dono burgensium de Kaerdif vel liberorum hominum in eadem 
villa vel apud Listei.ebon. Preterea dedi eisdem monachis communam in toto 



351 



marisco meo ad oecidentalem partem ville de Kaerdif inter Tat et Eley. Ita 
quod pro singulis capitibus anunalium suorum tantum reddent miohi et heredibus 
meis annuatim quantum burgenses de Kaerdif pro singulis capitibus animalium 
suorum reddere solebant baillivis de Kaerdif tempore patris mei. 

Hec omnia concessi et hae earta confirmavi prefatis monachis habenda et 
tenenda in perpetuum per omnia. Concessi eciam eis et confirmavi omnes alias 
donationes . venditiones . et invadiationes eis rationabiliter factas vel faciendas. 
Quare volo et precipio quod dicti monachi habeant et teneant omnia predicta . 
bene . et in pace . libere . et plenarie . et honorifice . in bosco et plano . in viis et 
semitis in aquis et molendinis in vivariis et stangnis . in moris . et mariscis . in 
turbaiiis et piscariis . in pratis et pasturis oum omnibus pertinenciis et liber- 
tatibus suis sicut predictum est. Hiis testibus . Henrico de Furneaus . 
WiLLELMO de TicHEs' . domiuo Willelmo canonico de Kainesham . Nicholao 
priore de Margan . Johanne monacho de Neth . Ernaldo converso de Margan . 
Martino hostiario . Johanne de Swinesheved . et multis aliis. 

The fine but imperfect oval seal of the Oountess bears on the obverse, which 
is about 3^in. by 2in., a fuU-length figui-e of the lady ia a tightly-fitting dress, 
with long maunches at the wrists. 

' [-f- s]igill[um] [co]mitis[se] .... [glo]ece[strie].' 

On the reverse a small oval counterseal, IJin. by Jin., bears the impression of 
an antique oval intaglio gom. An imperial eagle between two standards. 
' -f [a]q'la . cusTOs . d'ne . mee.' 

It is appended to the charter by a variegated bobbin, hanked Ln the middle of 
the seal where the fractiu-e took plaee. 

Endorsed at various times — 'Ysabele generalis confir-macio.' 'Avan Berohes 
et Pultimor . wreckum inter Auan et Kenfigg.' 

This must have been granted during Countess Isabella's secoud widowhood, after ;he de;ith or Eiii 
Geoffrey, 121G, and before her marriage witli Huhert de 13ur'.fh, who died 1243. 



352 



COCL. 

CONFIRMATION BY THE COUNTESS I8ABELLA OF LAND8 
AND PEIVILEGES TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Makgam Charter.] Sine Dato. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes qaiam futuri quod ego Ysabella coraitissu, 
Glotjcestrie et Essexie in libera viduitate mea dedi et concessi et hac 
presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus pro salute mee et antecessorum et successorura 
meorum et domini comitis Galfridi de Mande^-ill' quondam mariti mei in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam lias terras in feodo de Kenefeg. Scilicet 
totara terrara Peitevini per divisas suas eum pertinenciis suis ; et totam terram 
Hugonis de Hereford cum pertinenciis suis et totara terram Walensium pro 
qua solebant reddere annuatim triginta duos solidos baUivis de Kenefeg' et 

totam terram de Hevedhaloc inter duas aquas scilicet Kenefeg' et 

Habendas et tenendas de me et heredibus meis inijeiijetuum libere et quiete ab 
omni servicio consuetudine et exaccione sicut ulla elemosina libere et quiete 
potest teneri. Preterea remisi eis et quietum clamavi inperpetuum totum forinsecum 
servicium de feodo de Langewy ia omnibus que ad me vel heredes meos vel 
anteoessores de eodera servicio pertinent vel pertinere solebant, preter dimidiam 
raarcara argenti quajn 8oI[ebant reddere] pro omni forinseco servicio ad uos 

pertinente . reddeudo annuatim mihi et heredibus raeis Preterea de 

omnibus tenementis que prefati monachi tenent de liberis hominibus meis tam 
militibus quam aliis totum foriusecum servicium militis sive venatoris vel al 

eervientis quod ad antecessores raeos pertinere solebat vel quod 

ad me vel heredes meos pertinet eisdem monuchis relaxavi et quietum clamavi 
inperpetuum. Preterea dedi eisdem monachis in perpetuam elemosinam cora- 
munem pasturam in toto marisco moo ad occidentalem partem viile de Kaerdif. 
Ita quod pro singulis capitibus animalium suorum michi roddont 



353 



annuatim et heredibus meis quantum burgenses de Kaekuif reddere solebaut 
pro singulis capitibus animalium suorum annuatim ballivis de Kaekdif tempore 
WiLLELMi comitis Gloucestrie patris mei. Ut autem hec mea donatio fii-ma 
et stabilis sit in perpetuum eam presenti oarta mea confixmavi et sigilli mei 
appositione munivi. Hiis testibus . Saihero de Quency comite Winxon' . 
Henrico de Fuknell' . Willelmo de Tichbs' . Martino hostiario . Johanne de 
SwiNESHEVED . WiLLELMO canonico de Kainesham . Nicholao priore de 
Margan . Iratre Thoma converso . Thoma [Pirum ?] . et multis aliis. 



OOOLI. 

DECLAEATION BY OLEMENT, ABBOT OF NEATH, OF THE 
GEANT TO NEATH ABBEY BY PHILIP DE MAECEOSS OF 
LAND IN MAECEOSS. 

[Makgam Chartek.] Ob. 1218. 

Universis ad quorum noticiam presens oarta pervenerit. Frater Clemens 
dictus abbas de Neth . totusque loci ejusdem conventus . salutem. 

Universitati vestre signifieamus quod Phiijppus de Marcros dedit nobis . 
XXXVI. aeras terre in feudo suo de Marcros . tenendas libere et quiete ab omni 
servitio et seoulari exactione . exceptis vi. solidis . argeuti quos annuatim 
reddemus ad festum Sancti Michaelis . domui de Margan pro prediota terra. 
Et ut de pensione ista monachos prenominate domus eecuros faciamus . hane 
presentem cartam sigillo nostro munitam illis dedimus . spondeutes quod 
quamdiu prenominatam terram tenuerimus . predictam pensionem singulis annis 
illis persolvemus. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Abbatis de Neth de vi. solidis nobis persolvendis.' 

A Clemena was also Prior of Neath in 1201, aud P. de Marcross wituessed oharters between 1201 and 1230. 

2 u 



354 



OCOLII. 

FROM THE ACCOUNTS OF THE HONOUR OF OLAMORGAN, 

TEMP. JOHN. 

[Brit. Mtjs., Add. MSS., 4,561, f. 347.] 

TlTULUS ' HONOR DE GlAMORGAN.' 

Idem [id. est. Falkes de Breaute] reddit compotum de . v. marcis de 
Hereberto de S. Quintino pro convincendis [for conveniendis] . xu. per xxiiij. 
de assisa novae dissaisinse arainiatse inter ipsum Herebertum et Stephanum de 
S. Hylario. 

Vid. No. CCXCI, 



CCCLIII. 

ACCOMPTS FOR WORK AT CARDIFF OASTLB, Etc. 

[MS. Lansd. 219, f. 6.] 

HoNOR DE Glamorgan. Circa 1216. 

Falkes de Breaute reddit oompotum de lxxv"- scilicet de termino Paschae 
anni noni . et termino Sancti Johannis et Saneti Michaelis. In thesauro nichil, 
et ipsi Regi in camera sua c. marcas per breve Regi apud Wudestok . et in 
liberationibus servientium morantium cum eodem Falk' xxx"- et xi^- et viij''- per 
XX. dies per breve Regis. Et in operatione trium castellorum . soilicet Caehdiff . 
NoBURO (for Novo Burgo) . et Neth lviij''- et xviu" et vj'^- per breve Regis et 
per visum Galfridi de Caerdif . et Gileberti Palmerio (xie) et magistri 
WiLLELMi Carpentarij et Elye de Neth. 

Titulus — ' Honor de Glamorgan.' 

Vide etiiim 'Add. MSS., 1,661, f. 347,' el No. CCCX. 



355 



CCCLIY. 

GRANT IN TAIL BY JOHN, ABBOT OF MAEGAM, TO ROBERT 
CURTEYS, OF LAND HELD OF EICHAED DE DUNSTEERE. 

[Margam Chartek.] Oirca 1216. 

Universis Christi fidelibus hoe scriptum visuris vel audituris frater Johannes 
dictus abbas de Margan et ejusdem looi conventus eternam in Domiuo salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos concessisse Eoberto Curteys tres acras terre et 
dimidiam quas habuimus de Eicardo de Dunsterre habendas et tenendas de 
nobis et successoribus nostris sibi et heredibus suis de se proereatis libere et quiete 
bene et in pace in perpetuum . reddendo inde annuatim quatuor denarios et unam 
libram cimini vel duos denarios pro omni servicio ad festum Saneti Michaelis. 
Ita tamen quod predictam terram nemini vendere poterunt nec alienare. In 
hujus rei testimonium huic scripto sigillum nostrum apposuimus. Hiis testibus. 
EicARDO clerico de Kenefeg . Willelmo Cole . Willelmo Frankeleyn . 
Henrico de Neth . et multis aliis. 

Seal of the abbot : pointed oval, the Abbot, half-length, with stafE in the right 

hand. Ijin. by |in. 

' M. . BBA ' 

Endorsed — ' Heo fuit carta Eoberti Curteis de tribus acris et dimidia . quam 

terram nobis resignavit.' 



CCCLV. 

OEANT BY EICHAED DE DUNESTEE TO MAEGAM ABBEY 
OF A BUEGAGE, BTC, IN KBNFIG. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1216. 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futui"is . Eicardtts de Dunester 
salutem. 



356 



Soiatis quod ego consilio et oonsensu uxoris mee et heredum meorum concessi 
et dedi et hac oarta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sanote Marie de Margan . et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni 
Bervicio et consuetudine et exactione seoulari burgagium meum in villa de 
Kenefeg . oum terra mea juxta castellum ejusdem ville . et unam acram terre 
extra villam juxta malederiam. Et ego warantizabo predictis monachis hoc totum 
oontra omnes homines. Testibus . Thoma Capellano de Kenefig . Osmero 

CUUIAN . WaLTERO LuUEL . DaVID filio HeLY . WaSMERO . TOMA filio RlCARDI . 

Roberto filio Radulphi et Rogero fratre ejus . Waltero de Sabulo. 

Seal dark wax, a lozenge, |in. square, with a sort of fleur-de-lis. No legend. 
Entitled — ' Carta Ricardi de Dunestor de Burgagio suo in Villa de Kenef.' 

CCCLVI. 

GONFIRMATION BY HENRT, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, OF THE 
LANDS OF HATJDHALOC AND ROSSAULIN, THE CHAPEL8 
OF HAUDHALOC AND ROSSAULIN, ETC, TO MARGAM 
ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] Before 1218. 

CONFIRMACIO DOMINI HeNRICI LaNDAVENSIS EPISCOPI DE HaUDHALOC ET 
ROSSAULIN . ET DE CAPELLIS EARUM. 

Henricus Dei gratia Landavensis episcopus . archidiaconis . deoanis . personis . 
vicariis omnibus tam olericis quam laicis in sua diooesi constitutis salutem ot 
benedictionem. 

Universitati vestre notum faoimus quod nos divine intuitu pietatis . paci et 
quieti monaohorum de Margan infuturum prospicientes . coufirmamus eo. S. M. 
de Margan et m. i. D. s. terram de Haudhaloc cum omnibus pertinenciis suis 
sicut carte donatorum testantur. Et terram de Rossaulin oum omnibus pertiu- 
enciis suis s. c. d. t. Et oapellam de Haudhaloc c. o. p. s. Et uiqiollam de 



357 



EiOSSAULiN cum omnibus pertinenciis suis liberas et quietas ab omni servicio et 
exaccione et consuetudine tam ecclesiastica quam seoulari. Hec onmia predictis 
monachis sigilli nostri appositione et testium inscriptione confirmamus auctoritate 
qua fungimur sub anathematis attestatione inhibentes nequis predictis monachis 
contra cartas donatorum seu privilegiorum suorum tenorem . vexationem . 
molestiam aut gravamen inferre presumat. Hujus confirmationis testes hii 
sunt . NiCHOLAUs thesaurarius de Landavia . Ricardus decanus de Bonevilest' . 
Helyas decanus de Novo Castro . niagister Rogerus de Culn' . magister 
Walterus de Bergeveni . Robertus de Bergeveni . Johannes frater domini 
episcopi . Phillipus de Marcros. 

For the Bishop's licence to Margam to celebrate at Rossaalin Ohapel see No. OOCXC. 

For a qnit-claim of the Ohapel of Havedhaloc by Philip, the priest tbere, antl John hi3 nephew, to 
Margam, see No. CCLIV. 

CCCLVII. 

AGREEMENT CONCERNING LAND AT BRADINGTON BE- 
TWEEN HENRY DE UMFEAMVILLE AND MARGAM ABBEY. 
[Harl. Charter, 75 D. 14.] 1217. 

Cy— RO GRA PHUM. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ita convenit inter Henricdm de Umfram- 
viLLE et monachos de Margan anno incarnationis domini m"- cc"- xvij" quod 
scilicet idem Henricus remisit totam oalumpniam quam habuit adversus eos de 
ten-a de Bradingtone cum pertinenciis suis, et idem Henricus recejjit pre 
manibus totam firmam suam viginti annorum de eadem terra. De quibus xx. 
annis, octo anni tuno fuerunt elapsi, et duodecim anni adhue erant ventuii, unde 
predicti monachi quiti sunt usque ad terminum duodeoim annorum futurorum 
perimpletum, nec reddent predicto Henrico aliquam firmam pro eadem terra ante 
Passcha anni supradicte incarnacionis m" cc"- xxx"- et si forte aliquis diracionaverit 
illam terram de predictis monachis infra prediotos xu annos, preuominatus 



358 



Henricus vel heredes siii redditum cujuslibet anui de predictis xu. annis reddet 
eis quamdiu illam non poterunt warantizare. Hiis testibus . Oeno decano. 
Magistro Radulpho Mayloch . Willelmo de IIenny . Raimundo de Sull' . 
David de Burhull' tunc vicecomite de Kaerdif . Eoberto Sampsonis . 
WiLLELMO de Lichefeld . NiCHOLAo et Waltero monachis de Margan . 
GrAUFRiDO monaeho de Neht . et multis aliis. 
Small seal ; a rose of seven leaves. 

' -f SECRETUM . HENRICI.' 

Bradington, an unknown place, eight years of the lease had expired, leaving 12 to run and for which 
the Monks had paid the whole sum. Oeno, is probably Rural Dean. Eenny. is de Reigni. David de 
Burhull. Sheriif. is a name otherwise unknown. 

CCCLVIII. 

CONFIRMATION BY AMICIA, COUNTESS OF CLARE, WIDOW, 

TO MAEGAM ABBEY, OF THE GEANTS MADE by robert, 

EARL OF GLOUCESTER, HER GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM, 

EARL OF GLOUCESTER, HER FATHER, AND GILBERT 

DE CLARE, EARL OF GLOUCESTER AND HERTFORD, 

HER SON. 

[Margam Charter.] 1217 — 12'36. 

CONFIRMATIO AmICIE COMITISSE DE ClARK IN LIBERA VIDUITATE SUA. 

Sciant p. et f. q. ego Amicia comitissa de Clare in libera vidiutate mea 
concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi D. et ec. B. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. 
pro salute anime mee et autecessorum et successorum meorum omnes donationes . 
conoessiones . et confimiationes quas eis fecemnt Robertus comes Glocestrie . 
avus meus et Willklmus oomes Glocestrie . pater meus et Gilhertus de 
Clare comes Glocestuie et Hertfordie . filius et heres meus . ut prefati 
monachi haheant et teneant omnes prediotas donatiouesin perpetuum . iu omnibus 
et per orania . sicut carte predictorura comitum . quas predioti monaohi habent 
testantur. 

Hiis testibus. 



359 



CCCLIX. 

MANDATE BT GILBERT DE CLARE, EARL OF GLOUCESTER 

AND HERTFORD, TAKING MARGAM ABBEY UNDER HIS 

PROTECTION. 

[Margam Charter.] Ctrca 1218. 

PrOTECTIO Gr. DE ClARE. 

Qt. de Clare comes Q-locestrie et Hertfordie . omnibus baillivis suis et 
liberis hominibus suis . Francis et Anglicis et Wallensibus salutem. 

Soiatis quod abbas et conventus de Margan . et omnia tenementa et res 
ipsorum sunt sub custodia et protectione nostra. Et ideo firmiter precipimus 
quatinus eos et omnia sua custodiatis manuteneatis et defendatis tanquam 
dominiea nostra propria et omnes libertates contentas in cartis eorum . eis a nobis 
aut antecessoribus nostris concessis aut datis conservetis illesas et ab aliis 
conservari faciatis. Et si eis iu aliquibus forisfactum fuerit . plenariam inde 
justiciam eis sine dilatione faciatis. Valete. 

(Birch, Margam Ahbey, p. 236.) 



CCCLX. 

MANDATE by gilbert de clare, fifth earl of 
gloucester and hertford, to the sheriff of 
glamorgan, that he do not permit the abbey 

OF MARGAM TO BE IMPLEADED OF THEIR TENEMENTS 
OR SECULAR PROPERTY EXCEPT BEFORE THE EARL 
HIMSELF OR THE SHERIFF BY MANDATE OF THE EARL. 

[Margam Charter.] 1218—1229. 

G. de Clare comes Glocestrie et Hertford' . vicecomiti de Glamorg' 
salutem. 



360 



Mandamiis tibi quod non permittas quod abbas et monachi domus nostre de 
Margan qui sunt de speciali elemosina nostra ponantur in plaoitum de tene- 
mentis euis . nec de aliquibus que ad curiam secularem pertinent . nisi coram 
nobia vel coram vicecomite nostro ex mandato nostro. Valete. 

Seal, dark wax, 2|in. diam. The Earl, with a hauberk of mail, surcoat, 
flat-topped hehnet, vizor closed, right arm extended, sword uplifted; shield 
covering his breast, slung with strap round his neck ; on a horse galloping to 
the proper left ; caparisons charged with the chevrons of Clare. 

Legend — ' sigill rti.de. clare . co .... .s' . he .... E;' 

Counterseal, l^in. diam. Heater-shaped shield, with three chevrons as above. 

Legend — ' -|- sigil' gileberti de clara.' 

Endorsed — ' Quod non placitemur nisi ooram comite . vel vicecomite ex 
mandato ejus.' 



CCCLXI. 

A LETTER BY THE SAME EARL TO THE ABBOT OF MARGAM, 

TOUCHING THE HOSPITALITY OF THE ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 38.] 1218—1230. 

G. de Clark comes Q-locestrie et Hertfokdie abbati et oonveutui de 
Margan salutem. 

Quia volumus domum vestram que est de speciali elemosina nostra et anteces- 
sorum nostrorum in antiquas libertates suas servari, vobis mandamus quatinus 
non permittatis venientes ad parlamentum vel exeroitum hospitari vel oomedere 
in abbatia vestra contra antiquas consuetudines et assisas . quas habuit domuB 
vestra tempore antecessorum nostrorum. Vicinis otiam Wallensibus nimis per 
adventum suum frequentem domum \estram honerantibus antiqua consuetudo 
que tempore antecessorum nostroruin fuit teneatur. Si quis vobis propter hoo 



361 



gravamen intulerit preoipimus vicecomiti nostro, ut id sine dilatione vobis faciat 
emendari. Valete. 

Seal, dark green, fine but imperfect, 3in. diam. Device, the Earl in armour, 
riding to the proper left ; on his shield three chevrons. 

Legend — ' . . sigill' g ' 

Eeverse, a heater-shaped shield of arms : three chevrons. 
' + sigill' gileberti de clara.' 

Endorsed — ' Quod exereitus vel venientes ad parlamentiun non oomedant in 
abbatia nostra. 

jCCCLXII. 

DECISION CONCEENING THE CHAPEL OF COGAN. 

[CoTT. MS. Cleop. A. VII., fol. 69 b.] 

Decisio Willelmi episcopi de Landavia et Walteri abbatis de Neth et W. 
prioris de Gholcliva de capella de Cogan et de duabus partibus omnium 
decimarum R. de Sumeri, quse omnia E. de Sumeri clericus filius suus 
auctoritate literarum domini Papse exigebat ab abbate Alano et conventu 
Theokesburije, et omnia adjudicata 'fuerunt praedictis abbati et conventui. 
Adjudicatum fuit illam capellam pertinere ecclesifie de Landocham sicut ad 
matricem eoclesiam, et decimae ecclesiEe de Cairdif. 

R.ilph de Sumeri, Baion of Dudley, held the manor and Castle of Diiias Powis, west of Oardiff, a 
reputed seat of the Welsh Princes of Glamorgan.i He was of age before 1194-5, and died 1210-11. He 
was grandson of Eoger de Sumeri who witnessed No. XXXV., was a donor to Tewkesbury, and held 
lands in the forest of Kibor. The chief seat of the Sumeris' was at Dudley, where they had a large 
property ; they also Iield land in several counties, and of the Earls of Gloucester in Essex and Hert3^_ 

They married the heiress of Paganel and so obtained Dudley, and their co-heiress [tevijj. Henry V.)'' I<?«>»p« tflw, || 
married John de Sutton (whodiediewip. Henry V.) seized of the Castle of Dinas Powis, and half the Manor nncl J<.>ti<i cCn 
of Lanedem ; and ' redditus in forinsico de membris castri de Duddeley ' shews their identity with the ^uftrvn <^ , |2,5c 
■Worcestershire Baron. In 1201, Roger de Sumeri held 50 Knight's fees in capite in Gloucestershire. Tlie 
Suttons sold Dudley, and probably the Glamorgan estates. Theii- heiress married Sir Humble Ward, 
afterwards, Baron Ward, iii 1644. 

Alan, Pi-ior of Canterbury, became Abbot of Tewkesbury in 1187, and died early in May. 120-2. The 
Bishop was certainly William de Saltmarsh, consecrated 1185, and who died about 1191. 

See No. CLXXVm. 

2v 



362 



CCCLXIII. 

GRANT BY WRONU BIL OF LAND BETWEEN BALLES AND 
aOYLAKE TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Makgam Charter.] Whitsunday, 1219. 

Omiiibus Ch. f. p. et f. ad q. p. .s. p. Wronu Bil . etemam in Domino salutem. 

Noveritis me pro salute a. m. et o. anteces. m. donasse et p. c. m. confirmasse D. et 
e. B. M. de M. etm. i. D. s. in puram et perpetuam elemosinam septem acras terre 
mee arabilis. Quarum quinque jacent . in parte australi . juxta terram Willelmi 
CoLE. Et incipiunt ad locum qui dicitui" Balles . et extendunt se usque in 
Q-OYELAKE. Due vero alie acre jacent ex parte orientali juxta terram Rogeri 
Q-ramus. Et incipiunt ad Louelis Gtroue . ex parte australi. Et extendunt 
se usque in Goylake in parte aquilonari. Et ego etheredesmei . predictas septem 
acras . predictis monachis . contra omnes homines in perpetuum warantizabimus. 
Liberas et quietas ab omni exaccione et demanda . et omni servicio sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius et quiecius . donari poterit aut teneri. Facta est autem hec 
mea donacio et confirmacio Anno Domini m" . cc°- . nono decimo . Circa festum 
Penteoostes. In cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto sigillura meum apposui. 
Hiis testibus . Domino Waltero Luuel milite . Stephano clerico . Henrico 
forestario . Johanne de Croili . Willelmo de Corneli et aliis. 

Seal in dark wax, 1 ^in. diam. A cross formed of fo\ir shields in outline, points 
meeting at the centre, and threo peUets (•.•) iu the four intemiediate spaoes. 

Legend — ' + sigii wronu bil.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Wronu Bil do vu"^'"- aoris terre.' ' Ballas.' 



a63 



CCCLXIV. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY CADI[V]OR, SON OF RALPH, OF HIS RIGHTS 
ON KEVENMAHHAJ, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Onmibus s. e. f. p. et f. Cadi^oe filius Radulfi salutem. 

Sciatis me dedisse et [hac] carta oonfirmasse Deo et ecclesie S. M. de M. et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus ia puram et perpetuam elemosinam quicquid 
j\iris unquam plenius habui vel habere clamavi in Kevenmahhaj inter aquam 
de Vgkemor et aquam de Garwe usque ad illud quo aque conveniunt sine 
aliquo retinemento. Habendum et tenendum de me et heredibus meis libere . 
quiete et pacifice sicut ulla elemosina liberius haberi potest' et teneri imper- 
petuum. Et ego et heredes mei predictam terram predictis monachis contra 
omnes homines warantizabimus sicut elemosinam nostram . et ut hec donatio rata 
et inviolabilis perseveret . jiu-amento et sigillo et testibus eam confirmavi. 
Hi[is] testibus . Willelmo de Lichefeld . Henrico de Kairdif . Willelmo 
de Bristollia monachis de Margan . fratre Ri[cardo] tunc portario . fratre 
JusTiNo . fratre Knaithur oonversis de Margan . Morgano filio Kradoci . 
David Pui[nel]. 

Endorsed — ' Concessio Cadivor filii Radulfi.' 



CCCLXV. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY KENEWRECH, SON OF RALPH, 
TO AND OF THE SAME. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus S. e. f. p. et f. Kenewrech filius Radulfi salutem. 
Seiatis me dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie S. M. de M. et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et perpetuam elemosinam quicquid 



364 



jiiris uuquam plenius habui vel habere clamavi in Kevenmahhaj inter aquam de 
Ygkemor et aquam de Q-arwe usque ad illud quo aque conveniunt sine aliquo 
retinemento . habendum et tenendum de me et heredibus meis libere et quiete et 
paoifice . sicut uUa elemosina liberius haberi potest et teneri imperpetuum. Et 
ego et heredes mei predictam terram prediotis monachis contra omnes homines 
warantizabimus siout elemosinam nostram. Et ut hec donacio rata et inviolabilis 
perseveret, juramento et sigillo et testibus eam oonfirmavi. Hiis testibus . 
WiLLELMo de LiCHEFKLD . Henrioo de Kairdif . WiLLELMO de Bristollia 
monachis de Margan . fratre Ricardo tunc portario . fratre Justino . fratre 
Knaithur oonversis de Margan . Morgano filio Kradoci . David Puignel. 
Endorsed — ' Concessio Kenewrech filii Radulfi.' 



CCCLXVI. 

Q-RANT BY RES COH AND HIS BRETHREN OF THEIR LAND 
IN KEVENMAHHAJ TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Oharter.] 

Omnibus S. e. f. p. et f. Resus Ooh salutem. 

Sciatis quod ego et fratres mei scilicet Roqerus et Kradocus et Ythenard . 
Ketherech et Wrunu concessimus et dedimus et hac carta uostra confirmavimus 
Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marik de Margan et monachis qui ibidem Deo serviunt 
in elemosinam totam terram nostrara in Kevenmahhaj . soilioet quicquid 
unquam habuimus intor aquam de Garwe et aquam de Vgkemor in bosco et 
plano cum omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis et pertinentiis suis ad habendum et 
tenendum libore et quiete et pacifice sicut ulla elemosina liborius habori potost et 
teneri imperpetuura. Et nos omnes juravimus super sacrosancta quod predictis 
monachis predictara terram warontizabimus contra o. h. imperiietuum . sicut 
elemosinam nostram. Iliis testibus . Q-RiFFiNofilio Knaithur . Anaraud fratre 



365 



ejus . Ythel filio Rul . Eneaun filio E.ired . Knaithur filio Maderod . 
Gaufrido filio Knaithue . Meuric filio Loarch . Iwrain filio Wair . Goithel 
fratre ejus . Madoc filio Knaithur. 

Endorsed — ' Oarta Resi Coh et fratrum suonim scilicet Rogeri . Kradoci . 
Tthenard . Ketherech et Wronu.' 

COCLXVn. 

&RANT BY KENEWRIC, SON OF HERBERT, OF LAND IN 
HAVEDHALOC TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

ecclesie filiis presentihus et futiu"is. Kenewreic filius Herberti 

salutem . 

Sciatis isse et dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 

Marie de Margan et M [Hev]idhaloc cum omnihus pertiuentiis 

Buis in elemosiuam puram et perpetuam liheram et quietam ab 

[secu]lari. Et ego super sanctuaria ecclesie juravi quod predictam terram ego 

et heredes mei pre [om]nes homines in perpetuum. Hiis testihus. 

Helia decano de Novo Castello . Philippo de Lanb o filio 

Cnaituri . Blethin fiho Wilfred . Philippo forestario. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Kenewreic filii ' 

CCCLXVIII. 

GRANT BY RES COH OF LAND AT OORNELLI TO MARGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Margam Ohartee.] 

Omnihus Sancte ecolesie filiis presentibus et futuris Resus Coh . salutem. 
Sciatis me consilio et consensu fratrum et parentum meorum eoncessisse et 
dedisse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan et monachis ihidem Deo 



366 



servientibus omnes donationes quas Espus filius Caradoci Du avunculus 
meus predictis monachis fecit. Scilicet totam partem suam terre Peiteuin 
que fuit Ketherici patnii sui et totani terrara suam de Cornei.i que fuit 
Caradoci Du patris sui cum omuibus aisiamentis et pertinenciis suis ut habeant 
et teneant eas in pui-am et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni 
servicio et consuetudine et exactione seculari . sicut ulla elemosina libeiius haberi 
et teneri potest . sicut carta Espus testatur . Et sciendum quod super sanctuaria 
ecelesie de Margan ego et fratres mei juravimus ad warantizandum prefatis 
monachis predictas donaciones contra omnes homines in ijerpetuum. His testibus . 
Ernaldo constabulario de Kenefeg . Stephano clerieo . Ricardo de Dunester . 
OsMERo CuuiAN . Madoc filio Cnaithuri et Griffino fratre suo . Kenewreic 

filio Hereberti . Espus et Joreuuort filiis Gistei.ard Retherech 

filiis EiwEL. 

Eudorsed — ' Carta E.esi Coh de donationibus Espus.' 

CCCLXIX. 

GRANT BY EES COH OF A MOIETY OF KETHEEECS 

LAND IN NEWCASTLE TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte e. f. a. q. p. s. perveuerit . Eesus Coh salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et h. e. conf. D. et e. S. M- de M. et monachis 

ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ab 

omni sei-vicio . eonsuetudine et exactione . sicut ulla elemosina liberius haberi potest 

in ]ierpotuiim concessione Morgani filii Cradoci . et parentum et amicorum 

meorum . raedietatem terre que fuit Ketherech in torritorio de Novo Castello . 

que me ex hereditate contingit . quam habui ex dono predicti Morgani domini 

mei. Et ego et heredes mei eis predictam terram warantizabinius contra nmnes 

homines imperpetuum. Et servicium quod debetur Morgano facieinus scihcet 

custodiam liominum do Novo Castkllo in bosco. Quod si forte eis warantizare 



3g7 



non potei-imus . de reliquo tenemento uostro eis respondere tenemm- ad valen- 
ciam . ita ut monachis satisfiat et ut hec donatio nostra rata et inviolabilis 
perseveret . juramento et sigillo et testibus eam confirmavimus. Hiis testibus . 
EoGERO filio WiAUN . Kenewrek^ fratre ejus . Enniaun filio Ririd . Espus 
filio G-isTELARD . RiCARDO le Waleis . et multis aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Resi Coh de medietate ten-e que fuit Ketherec in territorio 
de Novo Castello.' 

CCCLXX. 

GRANT OF ENNIAUN, SON OF RIRID, OF HIS MOIETY OF 
KETHERECH'S LAND IN THE TERRITORY OF NEW- 
OASTLE TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sanete e. f. a. q. p. s. pervenerit Enniaun filius Ririd salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et ded. et h. c. conf. D. et e. S. M. de M. et m. i. D. 
servientibus m puram et perpetuam elemosinam . liberam et quietam ab omni 
servicio . consuetudine et esactione . sicut ulla elemosina liberius haberi potest 
imperpetuum concessione Morgani filii Cradoci et parentum et amieorum 
meorum medietatem terre que fuit Ketherech in territorio de Novo Oastello . 
que me es hereditate contingit . quam habui ex dono predicti Morgani domini 
mei. Et ego et heredes mei eis predictam terram warantizabimus contra omnes 
homines imperpetuum. Quod si forte warantizare eis non poterimus de reliquo 
tenemento nostro eis respondere tenemur ad valenciam . ita ut monachis satisfiat. 
Et ut hec donatio nostra rata et inviolabilis perseveret . juramento et sigillo et 
testibus eam confirmavimus. Hiis testibus . Reso Coh . Rogero filio Wiaun . 
Kenewreic fratre ejus . Espus filio Gistelard . Ricardo le Waleis. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Enniawn filii Ririd de medietate terre que fuit Ketherec . 
in territorio Novi Castelli. 

This grant was included in tlae confirmation by tLu Abbot of ilargam iu r207. :ind by Morgan ab 
Caradoc. Enniaun, or Enyon, ab Ririd Briavel was a joint heir with Ke3 Coh of the land of Ketherec, 
brother of Caradoc Du, in the territory of Newcastle. [CCCTI.] 



368 



CCCLXXI. 

GEANT BY ENAUHIN, SON OF REHEEED BEEAVEL OF LAND 

NEAR CORNELI TO MARGAM AEBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris . Enatjhin filius Eiherkdi 
Breavel salutem. 

Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse Deo et beate 
Marie de Margan . et monachis Deo ibidem servientibus pro salute anime mee 
et auimarum predecessorum et successorum meorum x^aii°- acras tene arabilis 
juxta Eedesice desuper Corneli quns pater meus eis prius dederat . ut habeant 
et teneant eas in pui-am elemosinam libere et quiete imperpetuum . reiidendo 
domino Regi annuatim ii"" solidos ad festum Sancti Michaelis . pro omni 
servicio et consuetudine et exaotione. His testibus . Ernaldo constabulario de 
Kenefeg . Stephano clerico . Reso Coh . Ithel filio Riwl . Gille Seis . et 
RiHEREDO fratre ejus. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Enaubin filii Riredi Breavel de xviii°- acris.' 

CCCLXXII. 

THE BRETHREN OF EESUS COH VAHAN EELEASE THEIE 
LAND-EIGHT BETWEEN GAEWE AND UGGEMOEE TO 
MARGAN ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 39.] 
Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Griffinus . 
Resbs . Meurik . fratres Resi Coh vahan salutem in domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos consilio amicorum nostrorum quitum cl.imasse et 
abjurasse et hac carta nostra confirmasse Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan 
et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totum clamium nostrum et totum jus quod 
dicebamus nos habere in terra dictorum monachorum inter aquam de Garwe et 



369 



aquain de Uggemore ; ut habeant et teneant dicti monachi dictam terram . libere . 
quiete . et pacifice pro nobis et omnibus suceessoribus nostris in perpetuum . sicut 
idla elemosina liberius et quietius haberi potest vel teneri. Et sciendum quod 
juravimus in Capitulo coram toto Conventu super sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan . 
quod nos fideliter et sine dolo tenebimus hanc quitam clamationem . et contra 
omnes homines warantizabimus in perpetuum. Hiis testibus . Gronu capellano 
de Langonet . Mauricio et Reso clerieis de Langonet . Reso Coh . Cradoco 
ab EriCARD . Cradoco ab Yoruard . Howelo et Philippo filiis Cadugan . 
Anaraud et Madoco filiis Knaitho . Jacobo tunc suppriore et Thoma de 
Kantelo monachis de Margan . Espus et Kanaan conversis de Margan . et 
multis aliia. 

Endorsed — ' Abjuratio Griffit . Resi . Meurik . fratrum Resi Coh . vahan . de 
terra de Egliskeinwir.' 

Three seals, dark green. 

1. IJin. diam. A rosette of twelve leaves. 

' + SIGILLUM . GRIFIT . AB . RES.' 

2. l^in. diam. A rosette of nineteeu leaves, ^vithin an engrailed border. 

' + SIGILl' . MAURICII . FILII . RESI . COH.' 

3. IJin. diam. A seeded fleur-de-lis. 

' + SIGILl' . RESI . FIL' . RE8I . COH. 



'■8'^ 



CCCLXXIII. 

RIRITH, 80N OF BREAUEL, GRANTS A MOIETY OF HIS LAND 

IN CLAMMORGAN ABOVE CORNELI TO MARGAN ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . Ririth 
filius Breauel salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra me dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et beate 
Marie et monachis de Margan consensu filiorum meorum medietatem terre mee 

2 w 



370 



quam habeo in Clammorgan scillcet de supra Corneli . pro salute anime mee 
et antecessorum meorum necnon et conjugis mee que sepulture traditur in 
cimiterio juxta portam de Margan in puram et periietuam eleniosinam . salvo 
tamen censu regio scilicet xii'''"' denariis qui ab illis solvendi sunt ad festum 
Sancti MiCHAELis pro omni servioio. Et quia sigillum proprium non habui . 
hanc sigillo G-riffini filii Cnaithuki sigillavi. His testibus . Willelmo de 
LicHESFELD . JoRnANo de Haverford . WiLLELMO (lc Valle monachis de 
Margan . Ernaldo constabulario de Kenefeo . Espus filio Oradoci . Kene- 
wREic filio Herberti . Madoco filio Onaithuri . Ithello filio RiuL . Riredo 
filio Onitlin . et fratre ejus Oradoco . Walai^eth filio Willelmi Kille- 
MiCHEL . et multis aliis. 

Round seal, brown wax, l^in. diam. A rosette of sixteen leaves. 

' -|- SIGILL' . GRIFINI.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Riredi filii Breauel do medietate terre sue de supra Corneli.' 

CCCLXXIV. 

GRAI^T BY ENEAWN', SON OF WRUNUCH CHAM, OF LAND 

BETWEEN GARWE AND UGGMORE TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Chabter, 75 D. 20.] 

Omnibus Sanote matris eoclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Eneawn' filius 

Wrunuch Cham salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse . et hac carta confirmasse Deo et ecolesie 
Sancte Marie de Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo sorvientibus in elemosinam 
totam teiTam que fuit Wrunuch Cham patris mei inter Garwe et Uggemor . 
in bosco et plano . oum omnibus pertinenciis et libertatibus ot aisiamentis suis . 
ad tenendum et possidendum libere et quiete ot pacifico . sicut ulla elemosiua 
liberius et quietius teneri potest. Et sciendum quod jui-avi super sanctuaria . 
quod ego et heredes mei warantizabimus istam prediotam torrara sicut elomosiuam 



371 



nostram predictis monachis contra omnes parentes nostros in perpetuimi. Hiis 
testibus . Meuric filio Tthel . Roatlath filius {sic) Ythel . Cnaithtjr 

filio WlLIM . CnAITHUR' filio TtHEL . JOHANNE filio JuSTINI . RoATHLAN filio 
TtHEL . fil' WlNANWEL. 

Pointed oval seal, dark green wax, imperfect, Ifin. by lin. ; a lance-flag. 

' [+ si]gill' eniaun fil' avrun ' 

Endorsed — ' Eniawn tilius Wrunu Cham de Kevenmahaj .' 

CCCLXXY. 

QUIT-CLAIM BT HOWEL, SON OF WRONU COH, OF LAND IN 
THE NEW WOLD IN AVAN MARSH, TO MARGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christo fidelibus p. s. v. vcl a . Howelus filius Wronu Coh salutem 
in Domino. 

Noveiit universitas vestra quod ego consilio et consensu amicorum meorum 
quitum clamavi et abjui-avi et hac presenti carta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie B. M. 
de Margan . et m. i. D. s. totum clamium meum quod habui infra novam 
Waldam in marisco de Avena et de Melis et totum jus quod dicebam mehabere 
in eodem marisco et in omnibufi terris predictorum monachorum . soilicet uifi-a 
aquam de Kenefeg et aquam de Avena. Ut habeant et teneant dicti monachi 
dictam terram . libere . quiete . et pacifice pro me et heredibus meis in perpetuum 
sicut uUa elemosina vel ullum tenementum liberius haberi potest vel teneri. Et 
ego et heredes mei warantizabimus dictis monachis dictam quitam clamationem 
contra omnes homines in perpetuum . Et sciendum quod ego coram multis affidavi 
et super sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan juravi quod omnia ista fideliter et sine 
dolo servabo in perpetuum. Et in hujus rei testimouium presenti scripto sigillum 
meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Ricardo clerico de Kenefeg . Johanne Paris . 
Laavarh ab David . Wronu de Korneli . Thoma de Oantul[upo] . Willelmo 



372 



de Chipstaple . monachis de Margan . Ricakuo Hyroois et Kethekeh con- 
versis de Margan . et multis aliis. 

Seal, browu wax, liJin. diam. Device, a star of eiglit rays, rude fusils and 
staves capped by crosses alternately. 

Legend — ' + s.' . howel . ab . wronv . coh.' 

Endorsed — ' AbjuratioHowelifilii Wronu Coli de terra infra novam Waldam 
in marisco de Avena.' 

COCLXXVI. 

ABJURATION OF KNAITHO AP WRONU AND WRONU 

VAHHAN, HIS BROTHBR, IN FAVOUR OF THE CLAIM 

OF MARGAM ABBEY TO TALESCHANLHORE IN 

EGLISKEINWUR. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi fidelibus p. et f. presens scriptum visuris vel auditm-is 
Knaitho ab Wronu . et Wronti Vahhan frater ejus salutem iu Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos spontanea voluntate nostra et consilio Wronu 
patris nostri et aliorum amioorum nostrorum concessisse et quitum clamasse et 
abjurasse et hac presenti carta confirmasse Deo e. B. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. 
totum jus et totum clamium quod habebamus tanquam heredes Wronii patris 
nostri iu ten-a illa de Egliskeinur que appellatur Taleschanlhore que jaoet • 
inter rivulum qui appellatur Nantikhi et aquam de Uggemoh' . scilicet quicquid 
unquara antecessores nostri habuerent inter G-arwe et Uggemor' in bosco et in 
plano . ut habeant et teneant dicti monachi diotam terram libere quiete et 
paoifice . pro nobis et omuibus heredibus nostris sicut uUa olemosina vel ullum 
tenemeatum liberius ot quietius haberi potest vel teneri. Et sciendum quod 
affidavimus et super saorosancta ecclesio de Margan junivimus quod istam 
concessionom et quitani <'lamittionera fideliter et sine dolo servabimus et oontra 
omnes liomines diotis monaohis warantizabimus in perpetuum. Et ijuia propria 
sigilki uon habuimus . sigilluui Wroxi' patris nostri et sigillum Meurik ab 



373 



Trahakn cognati nostri ad petitionem nostram presenti scripto simt apposita. 
Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Abjuratio duorum filiorum ejus [t.e., Wronu ab Seisil] de eadem 
terra.' 

CCCLXXVII. 

ABJTJEATION OF ITHENARD, SON OF EICHARD, OF HIS 

EIGHT OF LAND IN EGLISKEINUE. 

[Margam Oharter.] 

Universis Ch. f. p. s. visuris vel audituris Ithenard filius Eicardi . salutem 
in Domino. 

Noverit u. v. quod ego oonsilio et consensu filiorum meorum . sciliuet . Madoci . 
HowELi . Eesi . Wronu . Johannis . et aliorum amicorum meorum quitum 
clamavi et abjuravi Deo et e. B. M. de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo s. in 
perpetuam elemosinam totum clamium meum et totum jus quod dicebam me 
habere in terra de Egliskeinur . in bosco et plano cum omnibus libertatibus et 
aisiamentis et pertinentiis suis . u. h. et t. d. m. d. t. 1. et q. et p. (as in No. 
CCCLXXVI.) pro me et omnibus heredibus meis et successoribus meis sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius et quietius haberi potest vel teneri in perpetuum . sicut carta 
mea et fratrum meorum quam inde prius habuerunt testatur. Et quia illi carte 
sigillum meum appositum non fuit . ideo hanc singularem cartam feci dictis 
monachis sigillo meo confirmatam. Et sciendum quod quando feci hanc cartam 
dictis monachis . ipsi dedenint michi unam vaccam nomine karitatis et unicuique 
filiorum meorum duos solidos. Et nos omnes scilicet ego et predicti filii mei 
juravimus super sacrosancta ecolesie de Margam quod hanc quitam clamationem 
fideliter et sine dolo tenebimus. Et contra omnes homines dictis monachis 
warantizabimus in perpetuura. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Abjuratio Ythenard ab Eicard de terra de Egliskeinui'.' 

Richavd. 

I 
Ithenard. 



Madoc. Howel. Rese. Wiunu. Jolui. 



374 



occLxxvin. 

GRANT BY JOIIVERTH AP ITHENARDH OF ALL HIS PART 
OF THE LAND OF PENNUDH TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

De Penntjth . carta Joruerth filii Ithenardh de parte sua de Pennddh. 

Omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris . Joruerth filius Ithe- 
nardh salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et oonsensu parentum et amicorum meorum concessisse et 
dedisse Deo et ee. S. M. de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totam 
meam partem terre de Pennudh oum mora et bosco et omnibus aliis pertinenoiis 
suis in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . ut habeant et teneant eam libere et 
quiete ab orani consuetudino et servicio et exactione seculari . sicut ulla elemosina 
liberius teneri et haberi potest. Et ego et heredes mei [wa]rantizabimus eam 
predictis monachis iii perpetuum contra omnes homines. Et sciendimi quod 
totam terram monachorum que est inter Avene [et Kk]nefeg eis liberam et 
quietam clamavi et abjuravi inperpetuum. 

Hiis testibus . magistro Mauricio . Helia decano . Mauricio filio magistri 
Mauricii. 

Tbe Bull of Alex. IV., 12(;i, under Margan enumerates 'Hauotus portarius de Pennud,' wbich 
place seemB to have lain Iietween the Aveue and the Kenefcg waters, now Penbydd, 2^ miles N.E. of 
Port Talbot. Jorvcrtb ab Itbenard occurs in 1213. 

HeliaR occur^ as Clericus, Uecanue, or Decanus de Novo Castro, 1199 — 1208. 



375 



CCCLXXIX. 

GRANT BY ALAJTHU AP ITHENARD OF ALL HIS PART OF 
THE LAND OF PENNUDH, ETC, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

Carta Alaithu de parte stja de Pennudh et de parte Joruerth 

fratris sui. 

[0]iniiibu8 s. e. f. p. et f. Alaithu filius Ithenard salutem. 

Sciatis me oonsUio et coiisensu parentum et amicorum [meojrum (3oacessisse et 
dedisse D. et ec. S. M. de Margan et M. i. D. s. totam meam partem terre [de] 
Pennudh . et eam similiter partem que fuit Joruerth fratris mei cum mora et 
bosco et omnibus aliis pertinentiis suis in puram et perpetuam olemosinam . ut 
babeaut et teneant eam 1. et q. ab omni servicio et consuetudine et exactione 
seculari . sicut uUa elemosina Uberius haberi et teneri potest. Et ego et heredes 
mei warantizabimus eam predictis monachis contra omnes homines in perpetuum. 
Et sciendum quod omnes terras que sunt iater has aquas Avene scUioet et 
Kenefeg . Nam sunt infra terminos predictorum monachorum oum omnibus 
pertinentus suis prefate ecclesie Uberas et quietas ab omni servicio olamavi et eas 
abjuravi in perpetuum. 

His testibus . Helia decano de Novo Castro . Morgano fiUo Cadvfathlan . 

ReSO CoH . RUATHLAN filio RoBERTI . GrAUFRIDO fiUo CnAITURI . TuDER filio 
RlERED . HeRBERTO PaLMARIO. 



376 



CCCLXXX. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY ALAITHUR AB YTHENARD OF LAND 
BETWEEN BLAINANT AND DISCULTJA TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Cahta Alaithur FiLii Ythenard' de Pennud'. 

Omuibus s. ee. f. p. et 1". Alaithur filius Ythenard salutem. 

Sciatis me oonsilio et consensu amiconmi meorxmi concessisse et quitam 
clamasse D. et ec. S. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. i. p. et p. e. totam terram que 
est inter rivvmi qui dicitur Blainant . Lineuthleuerich' proximum Torke- 
MEREv . et Nantisculua . usque ad viam que vadit a Pennud'. usque Blainkinen . 
et a via illa usque ad Frudul . in bosco et plano oum omnibus aisiamentis et 
pertinentiis suis ut habeant et teneant eam libere et quiete ab omni seculari 
servitio consuetudine et exactione . sicut ulla elemosina libeiius teneri potest. 
Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus eis liec omnia contrn omnes homines pro 
posse nostro et maxime contra omnes Wallenses in perpetuiun. 

Hiis testibus. 

(O Or LiuenthlciUirich : the third letter is uncerirnn in tlif original deed. 

CCCLXXXI. 

QUIT-CLAIM by owein ap alaythur of land at the 

SOUECE OF FRUDUL, ETC; TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Carta Oweni filii Alaythur de montanis. 

Sciaut o. p. et f. quod ego Owein. filius Alaythlr consensu et consilio 

amicorura meorum concessi . et quitam clamavi D. et ec. S. M. de Margan . et 

monachis i. D. s. in puram et perj)etuara elemosinam totnm terram inter suimm 

de Frudul . et viam que vadit de Pennud' usque Bleinkenan . et inter rivulum 

qui dicitur Blein-nant liueth leuerth . proximum Torrekemerev et 



377 



Najjt disculua . sicut caila Alaithur patris mei quam inde habent testatur . et 
siout via tendit intransvereum montana . a siu-sa de Frudel . usque Bleinkenan 
ut hateant et teneant eandem terram in bosco et plano cum omnibus pertinenciis 
suis libere et quiete ab omni seculari servitio et exactione sicut ulla elemosina 
liberius et quiecius potest teneri. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus eis 
predictam terram contra omnes homines imperpetuum. 
Hiis testibus. ^ 

Alaythur 



Owen Res Madoc 

(See No. DXXXVin.) 



CCCLXXXII. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY JOWAIN AB JUSTIN OF ALL THE LAND 
AT PENNUD TO MARGAM ABBEYr 

[Margam Charter.] 
Carta Jowan filii Justini . DE Pennud. 
Omnibus s. ec. f. p. et f. Jowain filius Justini salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et consensu amicorum meorum concessisse et quitam 
clamasse D. et B. M. de Margan . et m. ejusdem loei in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam totam terram que est inter rivum Bleinantlineuthleuerich proxi- 
mum Toykemerev et Nantiscoilua . usque ad viam que vadit a Pennuth 
usque Blaikinen . et a via illa usque ad Frudel . in bosco et plano cum 
omnibus aisiamentis et pertiaentiis suis . ut habeant [et] teneant eam libere et 
quiete ab omni servitio . consuetudine et exactione . seculari . sicut ulla elemosina 
liberius haberi et teneri potest. 
Hiis testibus. 

Justiu 

I 
Jowan or Yewan 



I I I 

Bes leruard Ywan. 



No. CCCLXXXIII. ia the confirmatiou of this grant by the sons of the above Jowan. This or another 
gitmt by the same is included in the gener»! confirmation by Richard, Earl of Glouceater. GCCCLXVI. 
2 I 



378 



CCCLXXXIII. 

QTJIT-CLA.IM BY GRIPFIN VOIL AND OTHER SONS OF YEWAN 
AB YUSTIN TO MAROAM OF THEIR CLAIMS ON EGLES- 
KEINUR AND ELSEWHERE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi f . a. p. q. s. pervenerit Griffinus Voi i, . Resus ab Yewan . 
Yekuard Du . filii Yewan ab Yustin salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos oonsilio patris nostri et aliorum amicorum 
nostrorum concessisse quitum clamasse et abjurasse domui de Margan et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totum jus nostrum et elamium quod dicebamus 
nos habere in tota terra que est inter rivum Bleinant Liuen Letheric proxi- 
mum ToiKEMEREiT et Nantiscolva usque ad viam que vadit ad Pennuth 
usque Blankinen . et a via illa iisque ad Frudul in bosco et in plano oum 
omnibus aisiamentis et pertinenciis suis et totum jus quod dicebamus nos habere 
in terra de Eglkskeinur . vel in aliqua alia terra quam dicta domus tenet . ut 
habeant et teneant eas libere et quiete ab omni servitio et exactione seculari. Et 
ut predicta robur optineant in perpetuum . presens scriptum lam juramonto 
nostro quam sigillorum nostrorum appositione roboravimus. Hiis testibus. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Ghrifini Voil . et Resi ab Yewaii . et Yeruardi ab Yustin. 
De tota terra que est inter rivum Bleinant et Frudul." 

Yuetin 

I 

Yev;iii 



in\ 



Griffin Voil. Bese. Yeivaid Dii. 



379 



CCCIiXXXIV. 

ABJUEATION BY MEURIK AB TRAHARN OF TALES- 
CHANLHERE, IN EGLISKEINUR, IN FAVOUR OF 
MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Ch. f. p. s. v. vel audituris . Meuric ab Traharn salutem in 
Domino. 

NovERiT miiversitas vestra quod ego consilio et consensu amicorum meonim 
ooncessi et quitum clamavi et abjuravi et bac presenti carta confirmavi Deo et e. b. 
M. de Margan et m. ib. Deo s. totum jus meum ettotum olamium quod habui in 
terra illa de Egliskeinur que appellatur Taleschanlhere que jacet inter rivulum 
qui appellatur Nantkhi et aquam de Uggemore . scilioet quioquid ego et ante- 
cessores mei unquam habuimus inter aquam de Garwe et aquam de Uggemore 
in bosco vel i. p. ut h. et t. d. m. d. t. 1. et q. et p. (as in No. CCCLXXVT.) 
pro me et omnibus heredibus meis sicut uUum tenementum vel uUa elemosina 
liberius haberi potest vel teneri. Et sciendum quod ego affidavi et super sacro- 
sancta ecclesie de Margam juravi quod istam ooncessionem et quitam clamationem 
fideliter et sine dolo servabo et contra omnes homines dictis monachis warantizabo 
in perpetuum. 

Entitled— ' Abjuratio Meurik ab Traharn de terra de Egliskeinwii-.' 

CCCLXXXV. 

ABJURATION BY PHILIP AB SEISIL OF THE SAME. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi f. p. s. v. vel audituris . Philippus ab Seisil salutem in 
Domino. 

Noverit imiversitas vestra quod ego consilio amicorum meorum concessi et 
quitam clamavi et abjuravi . et hac presenti carta confirmavi Deo et ec. b. M. de 



380 



Margan et m. ibid. Deo s. totum jus meum et totum clamium quod habui . i. t. 
illa de Egliskenwir que appelatur Taleskanlere . q. j. i. r. q. a. Nantiki . et 
aquam de Ugemore . scilicet . quicquid ego et antecessores mei umquam 
habuimus inter aquam de Garwe . et aqiiam de Uggemore . i. b. et i. p. ut h. 
et t. d. m. d. t. 1. q. et p. (as in No. CCCLXXVI.) pro me et omnibus heredibus 
meis . qui sunt vel erunt . sicut ullum tenementum . vel ulla elemosina liberius 
haberi potest . vel teneri. Et sciendum quod ego affidavi et super sacrosancta 
ecclesie de Margan . juravi . quod istam concessionem et quitam clamationem 
fideliter . et sine dolo servabo. Et contra omnes . dictis monachis . warantizabo . 
in perpetuum. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Abjuratio Philippi ab Seisil de terra de Egliskeinur.' 

CCCLXXXVI. 

GRANT BY WALTER COH, MARGERY HIS WIFE, AND ROBERT 
HIS HEIR, OF LAND IN ST. BRIDES BY NEWTON, TO 
MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant p. et f. quod ego Walterus Con . consilio et assensu Margerie uxoris 
mee . et Roberti heredis mei dedi et conc. et h. c. conf. D. et B. M. et M. de 
Margan . unam ncram prati in Pulmor in parochia Sancte Brigide juxta 
NovuM Burgum . de tenemento Rogeri Ai.bi. Tn loeo qui dioitur Crofta 
RiCARDi . tercia videlicet iicra versus occideutem iu eadem crofta juxta parvum 
fossatum quod tendit per mediam croftara. In puram elemosinam . pro salute 
anime mee et uxoris mee ot amicorum et pareiitum nostrorum . liberaiu et 
quietam ab omni servitio . sicut uUa elemosina liberius haberi potest. Et ut hec 
nostra elemosina perpetua sit et stabilis . illam ])veseuti scripto et nostro sigillo 
confirmavimus. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Cartn Walteri Coh de una acra prati in Pulenior.' 



381 



CCCLXXXVII. 
CONFIEMATION BY MADANOE AND WORGENE, 80N8 OF 
YORUARD COCH, OF A GIFT OF LAND TO MARGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 41.] 

TJniversis Christi fidelibus ad quos presens soriptum pervenerit Madanoe et 
WoRGENE filii YoRVARD CocH salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos conventioni et pacto quibus pater noster et 
fratres nostri monachis de Margan se obligaverunt assensum et consensum per 
eorundem consilium et voluntatem prebuisse. Et ne premissa devocentur in 
dubium . dictus pater noster ad petitionem nostram sigUliun suum huic scripto 
apposuit. Hiis testibus . Meuric . Loharch et Joruard fratribus nostris . 
Dunstano et JoHANNE monachis et Espus converso de Margan. 

Endorsed — 'Abjuratio Madanoe et Wrgene filiorum Jorua.rd' Coch de teiTa 
inter Oatteputte et ten'am Rogeri Grammus.' 



CCCLXXXVIII. 

PANDULPH, BISHOP ELECT OF NORWICH, LEGATE, ETC, TO 
HENRY III., NOTIFYING THE APPOINTMENT OF WILLIAM, 
PRIOR OF GOLDCLIVE, TO THE SEE OF LLANDAFP. 

[Bundela Brevium in Turre London : Anno 4, Hen. III. , memb. 3. 

B. WlLLIS, 'SURVEY OF LlANDAFF,' p. 113.] 

11 JuLY. 4 Hen. III. 1220. 

ExceUentissimo domino Henrico Dei gratia Regi Anglie, domino Hibernie, 
duci Normannie et Aquitanie et comiti Andegavie, Pandulphus miseratione 
divina Norwicensis electus domini Papae camerarius apostoliosB sedis legatus, 
salutem . 



382 



A vestra memoria non credimus excidisse, quatinus dilecti filii canonici ecclesie 
LiANDA^rENSis a vobis et a nobis ecclesie sue pastorem eligendi licentiam impe- 
trarunt. Verum quia ecclesia illa diu erat viduata pastore, nec eam volumus 
diutius pastore carere : dilectimi filixmi Willelmum priorem de Gtoldclivia, 
virum providum et bonestum, et ut credimus vobis et regno vestro utilem et 
fidelem, illi ecclesiae providimus et concessimus in pastorem. Ideoque Excel- 
lentiam vestram rogandam duximus et monendam, quatinus electioni ipsius 
regiimi prebentes assensum, jm'ameutum fidelitatis, sicut mos est, recipiatia 
ab ipso. 

Datum Salofie, v. idus Julii. 

CCCLXXXIX. 

CHARTEE OF WILLIAM, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, IN FAVOUE 

OF MAROAM ABBET. 

[Hakl. Charter, 75 A. 16.] 

W. Dei gi-atia Landavensis episcopus archidiaeonis decanis persouis \acarii8 
totius diocesis sue ad quos presentes littere pervenerint salutem gratiam et 
benedictionem. Et si omnibus in nostra constitutis ditione nostram pro juribus 
nostris debeamus defensionem, domum tameii de Margan intuitu religionis que 
in ea domino eooperante florere dinoseitur speciali amplectimur dilectione et 
servis dei in ea domino railitantibus et possessionibus eorum quas intra nostram 
habent dioeesim quatenus possumus ubique per nos et uosti-os protectionis et 
custodie specialem volumus exhibere gratiam. Inde est quod universitatem 
vestram non solum attentius rogamus sed etiam preeipiendo in vi obediencie vobis 
injimgimus ut si qui ox vestris parrochiis monachis de Margan injurias vel 
dam])na aliqua inferre prosumpserint singuli veKtnim in malefactores vobis 
nomiuatos uostra auctoritate ecclesiasticam exeroeatis justiciam ipsamque 
sententiam fii-mitcr per vestras iiarro(;}iias faoiatis obsorvari donec predictis 



383 



monacliis de injuriis et dampnis illatis congrue satisfeoerint nostro similiter jure 
reservato. Vale. 

Endorsed — ' Protecoio W. Land. Epi.' 

Seal and counterseal of the Bishop appended. 

This deed. placed circa 1220, in tbe first editiou, belong.-* to Wilii.im Saltmarsh, Bisliop of Llaudaif, 
1186 — 1191, according to Birch, Bist. qf Margam Abbey, p. 67. 

cccxc. 

WILLIAM, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, GRANTS PERMISSION TO 
THE MONKS OF MARGAM TO CELEBRATE IN THE NEW 
CHAPEL OF ROSSAULYN GRANGE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi fidelibue per Landavensem diocesim oonstitutis . Willelmus 
Dei gratia Landavensis episcopus salutera gratiam et benedictionem. 

Noveritis nos concessisse dilectis filiis nostris monachis de Margan . ut cum ad 
locum novum grangiam suam de Rossaulyn transtulerint . ibidem possint 
capellam habere et diviua eelebrare auctoritate nostra . sicut in capella ubi 
grangia prius sita fuerat consueverant . set hoc monachi tantum. Ita tamen quod 
in antiqua capella non celebrent . nisi tantum in anniversaria sollempnitate 
ejusdem capelle. lu cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto sigillum nostrum 
apposuimus. Valete. 

Imperfeet seal and counterseal of Bishop WiUiam, green wax. 

Obverse — The Bishop iu embroidered vestments, standing on a carved corbel, 

lifting up the right haud in benedictiou ; in the left hand a pastoral stafE. 

Background reticulated, with quatrefoil knots, aud in each interstice a orescent. 
* . . . WIL VENSIS . E ' 

Reverse — The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin, the dove with nimbus 

issuing from clouds. Below, under an avch, the Bishop, uttering the prayer of 

the legend — 

' + VE . DELENS . PER . AVE . PIA . [PER . TE . LIBEREr] . A . VE.' 

Endorsed — ' Quod licet nobis divina celebrare in nova capella de Rossaulyn,' 
to which is added in a later hand ' tantum.' 



384 



CCCXCI. 

NOTIFICATION BY PAGAN DE TUEBEIiVILLE TO WILLIAM, 
BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, OF HIS GIIANT OF LANB IN 
NEWCASTLE TO MAROAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Revereudo patri suo Willelmo Dei gratia Landavensi epiecopo et omnibus 
Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . Paganus de Txjrber- 
viLLA salutem. 

Notum facimus universitati vestre nos dediese et presenti hao carta nostra 
confirmasse Deo et B. M. et monaehis de Marcjan D. i. s. consUio et consensu 
conjugis mee . et heredum . et amicorum . in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
Uberam et quietam ab omni servitio et seculari exactione . totam terram quam 
dominus meus Willelmus comes Gloecestrie dedit miclii in territorio Novi 
Castelh scUicet in Coitkard' . pro meo servitio. Ut ipsi eam habeant et 
possideant iu perpetuum libere et quiete . et pacifice . in moris et pratis . et 
terris et pasturis . et ceteris pertinentiis suis per omnia sicut ego eam unquam 
melius et integrius . et liberius possedi et habui. Sane si aliquod servitium sive 
domini Regis sive comitis . inde aliquando requifiitum fuerit . Ego et heredes 
me illud adquietabimus ut monachi sint ab omnibus rebus in sempiternam quieti. 
Ego insuper et heredes mei hanc donationem quam fecimus pro auima patris mei 
et matris et antecessorum et successorum et domini mei Willelmi comitis . et 
heredum suonun . coutra omnes homines monaohis prefatis warentizabimus. 
Monachi namque sepedicti niee magne necessitati conpatientes . iu recognitione 
bujus mee donationis xx"- marcas argenti dedenint ad redimendam et recuper- 
andam iisibus meis ten-am meam et hereditatem in Anolia que vocatur 
Mkrsfel». Testibus . Willelmo Landavensi episcopo . Urbano archidiacono . 
Waltero abbate de Neth . Hamone de Valun' vicecomite do Kaerdid' . 
Herebekto de Sancto Quintino . Henrko de Humfranvill' . Ricardo 



385 



NoRKENSi . Waltero de SuLiE . EoGERO de Bercherol' . Philippo de 

Marecros . Urbano de Penduuelin . Philippo sacerdote de Marecros . 

WiLLELMO le SooR WiLLELMO de Sancte Hilario Willelmo de 

Portechiwet . Thoma capellano domini episcopi . Ricardo de Kaerwigau . 

Willelmo de Bedintuna . et Godepkido monachis de Margan. 

Seal in dark brown wax, 2Jin. diam. ; upon two plaited silk cords, in two 

colours. Deviee, a figure riding to the proper right, holding a lily flower in the 

right hand ; in the left a hom, which he is blowing. 
Legend — '+ sigillum pagani de turbervilla.' 
Endorsed — ' Karta Pagani de Tui-b'viir de teira de Coitkard.' 



CCOXCII. 

TO THE SAME EFFECT, WITH SLIGHT VARIATIONS IN THE 
LANGUAGE EMPLOYED, BUT WITH A PROVISION ADDED 
IN CASE THE WARRANTY SHOULD FAIL. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Reverendo patri suo Willelmo Dei gratia Landavensis episcopo et omnibus 
Sancte ecclesie fiUis ad quos presens carta pervenerit . Paganus de Turbervillb 
salutem. 

Notum facimus universitati vestre nos dedisse et concessisse et presenti carta 
nostra confirmasse . consilio et oonsensu oonjugis mee et heredum . et amicorum . 
Deo et B. M. et monachis de Marg.4.n D. i. s. totam terram quam dominus 
meus Willelmus comes Q-loecestrie michi dedit in territorio Novi Castelli in 
Coittkard' . pro servitio meo » ut ipsi eam habeaut totam in periJetuam et puram 
elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni servitio et seculari exactione . per omnia 
sicut ego eam meHus et integrius unquam habui in moris et iu pratis . in pasturis 
et ceteris pertinentiis suis. Et si aliquod servitium sive domini Regis . sive 

2 Y 



386 



comitis . sive aliud forsitan inde fuerit aliquando requisitum . Ego et heredes 
mei illud adquietabimus ut monachi sint ab omnibus rebus quieti. Sane ego et 
heredes mee prefati hano donationem meam quam feci pro anima patris et matris 
mee . et domini mei Willelmi oomitis et antecessorum ineorum . et suooessorum 
monachis warentizabimus contra omnes homines. Quod si faoere non poterimus . 
ipsis monaohis xx"- maroas argenti reddemus . quas michi dederunt mee magne 
necessitati compacientes ad redimendam et recuperandam terram meam et heredi- 
tatem in Anglia . que terre vocatur Mersfelda. Teste "Willelmo de Lond' 
seniore . et Willelmo de Lond' juniore . Willelmo Monaoho de Oweni . 
B.EGINALDO Monaoho de Neth . Hereberto filio Turkilldi . Ricardo de 
Dunesterre . EoBiNO fratre Pagani . Willelmo de Oantelo . Mauricio de 
Cantelo . Daniele clerico de Ooittif . Hereweio de Larmere . Ricardo filio 
Hereberti . Rannulfo de la Kaer. 

Imperfect seal, brown wax, as described in the preceding Oharter. 

Endorsed — ' Pag. de TurberwiU'.' 



ocoxcni. 

ANOTHER OOPY OF THE PRECEDING DOCUMENT. 

[Margam Charter.] 

[Reverendo patri suo] Willelmo Dei gratia Landavensi episoopo . et 
omnibus Sanote ecclesie filiis ad quos presens oaiia pervenerit . Paganu.« de 
TuRBERViLLA sahitem. 

Notum sit universitati vestre nos dedisse et presenti oarta nostra confirmasse . 
consilio et consensu oonjugis [mee et] amioorum Deo et beate Marie et monaohis 
de Margan . Deo ibidem servientibus . totam torram quam dominus meus . . . . o . 
inichi dedit in tenitorio Novi Castklm . In Coithcart . pro servitio meo , ut 



387 



ipsi eam habeant totam [pu]ram elemosinam . liberam et quietam 

ali omni servitio et seculari exactione . per omnia sicut ego eam melius et 

integrius unquam in pratis . et pasturis et ceteris pertinenoiis suis. 

Et si aliquod servitium sive rlomini Eegis sive comitis [forjsitan 

inde fuerit aliquando requisitum . ego et heredes mei illud adquietahimus . ut 

monaohi sint ab Sane ego et heredes mei prefatam hanc donationem 

meam quam feci pro anima patris mei et matris [mee vel] Willelmi comitis 
et antecessorum meonim et successorum monaohis warantizabimus eontra 

omnes homines. Quod [si non] poterimus . ipsis monachis 

XX. marcas . argenti . reddemus . quas michi dederimt . mee magne necessitati 
compatientes . [a]d redimendam et recuperandam terram meam et hereditatem 
in Anglia . que terra vocatur Mersfeld. Testibus. 
Endorsed — ' bervilla de terra de Coitcarth. 



CCCXCIY. 

GEANT BY HUGH DE LANTCAEVAN OF THIETT ACEES IN 
LANTMEUTHIN TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Eeverentissimo patri suo W[illelmo] Dei gratia Landavensi episcopo et 
omnibus Sanote ecelesie fidelibus ad quos presens carta pervenerit Hugo filius 
EoDBERTi de Lantcarvan salutem. 

Notum sit universitati vestre quod ego pro salute anime mee et patris mee et 
matris mee . et antecessorum necnon et suocessorum meorum dedi et concessi et 
hac mea CEirta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie B. M. de Margan et m. i. I). s. de 
libero teuemento meo xxx'" acras terre mee que proximiores simt terre sue de 



388 



Lantmeuthin oum crofta qiie i)roxiraa adjacet veteri oimiteiio ex oooidentali 
parte neenon et quatuor aKas adhuc oroftas . quaram ima jaeet subtus vetus eimi- 
terium et tres relique a magua via versus fontem descendunt de Lantmeuthin. 
Ut habeant soilicet predicti monachi et teneant heo omni in puram et peq^etuam 
elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni servitio seoulari exactione et oonsuetudine. 
Et sciatis quod predictam terram dedi prefatis monaohis ooncessu domini mei 
Henrici de Humfranvill' necnon et concessione et bona voluntate Margerie 
uxoris mee et aliorum amicorum meorum. Et si aliquod servitium de predicta 
terra fuerit requisitum sive domini Regis sive aliud . ego et heredes mei illud 
adquietabimus ita quod monachi imperpetuum quieti erunt . t^t nemini de aliquo 
respondebunt. Abbas vero de Margan et monaohi quaudo hauc eis donationem 
feci pro mea magna neoessitate michi dederunt quatuor marcas argenti et uuum 
bovem juvenem. Ego autem hujus mee donationis cartam super magnum altare 
sepedicti monasterii de Margan sollemniter multis astantibus obtuli . et in 
plenario oomitatu de Kaerdif eam recitari feoi . et ibidem hano meam presentem 
donationem monachis viva vooe fideliter testificatus sum . Et quod eam illis 
ubique warantizabo. Testibus . Jacobo tunc priore de Margan . Rogero cella- 
rario . Vincentio et G-odefrido monaohis de Margan . Jordano converso . 
Rogero et Rkardo conversis hospitalibus de Margan. Necnon et in antedio^o 
coraitatu de Kaerdif . Testes hii sunt inscripti soilioet . Willelmus prior d-? 
Q-OLCLivE . Henricus de Humfr.axvili.' . JoH.ANNEs le SoRUs . Paganus de 

TURBERVILLA . PhILIPPUS de M.ARECROS . WlLLELMUS FlANMENGUS . RoDBERTUS 

Morinus . Odo dc Novo Burgo. 

Seal dark red wax ; aii ornamental fleur-de-lis. 

' -|- SIGILl' . HUOONIS . KH.II . KODBERTI.' 



389 



ccoxov. 

NOTIFIOATION T(3 WILLIAM, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, BY 
MILISBNT, DAUGHTER AND HEIR OF WILLIAM MITDE- 
HORGUILL, OF HER ORANT OF LAND, ON TURBURNES- 
DUNE TO MARQAM ABBEY. 

[Maroam Chartek.] 

WiLLELMO D. g. Lanu. episcopo et omnibus Sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad 
quos pre8en.s scriptum pervenerit Milisant filia Willelmi Mitdehorguill et 
heres ipsius salutem. 

Noverit u. V. dedisse me et presenti hao karta mea confirmasse D. et B. M. 
et monachis de Margax D. i. s. in puram et perpetuam elemosinam x. acras 
terre pro salute anime mee et patiis mei et antecessorum meorum et successorum 
liberas et quietas ab omni servitio et seculari exactione . cum duabus acris prati 
que videlicet terra jacet super Turbernesdune ad occidentem ipsius usque ad 
magnam viam que vadit de Fennebriggk versus Wigetune totam scilicet ^^ wU^aU'^ (J 
juncosain acram et reliquam terram sicut desceudit per metam teire Rouberti • ^■"'(-w.-^t- 
Aluid et pratum ipsius ad orientem magne vie . et sie divertit usque Tramp- 
peslatd subtus terram Walteri Buldi et vadit per rivum Turbbrnesdune et 
descendit usque in rivum qui divisa est inter teiram de Bonevilestune et 
nostram . et pertingit usque ad predictam magnam viam que venit de Fenne- 
brigge. Et si iovie aliquod seVvitium de hac terra fuerit forte aUquando 
requisitum sive domini Regis sive aliud . Ego Ulud de reliqua terra mea 
adquietabo . ut mouachi sint ab omnibus in perpetuum quieti. Et quando hanc 
monachis donationem feci . abbas et monachi mee magne neoessitati compatientes 
unam maroam argenti ad relevandam terram meam de Barri dederunt. 
Testibus . GroDEFRiDO monacho de Margan . Willblmo de Bedintune . Osbbrno 
cellarario de Neth . fi-atre Jordano et fratre . Wittfare conversis de Margan . 



MA> 



390 



RicARDo sacei'dote de Kaerwigau . Augustino oapellano de Sancto Johanne . 

HeREBERTO filio TuRKILLI . DOBINO SlWARD de KaRDIF . WaLTERO filio RlCARDI 

sacerdotis . Ricardo filio Hereberti Turkilli . Osberno cellarario de Neth. 

Seal imperfect. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Dn'e Milisant de x. uoris terre et prati duabus quas nobis 
dedit in perpetuum de pbeudo suo apud Sanctum Nicbolaum.' 



CCCXCVI. 

NOTIFICATION TO WILLIAM, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, BY 
MILISANT, DAUGHTRR AND HEIR OF WILLIAM MITDE- 
HORGITILL, OF HER GRANT TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

WiLLELMO D. g. Land. episcopo et omnibus Sancte matris ecclesie filius ad 
quos p. s. pervenerit . Milisant fiba Wtllelmi Mitdehorguill et lieres ipsius . 
salutem. 

Noverit univeimtas vestra ine dedisse et presenti bao karta mea ooutirmasse 
Deo et B. M. et nionacbis et Margan iu perpetuam elemosinam puram liberam 
et quietam ab omui servitio et .seculari exactione pro anima patris mei et 
antecessorum meorum et sucoessorum duas acras prati de libero tenemento meo 
apud sanotum Nicholadm . que videlicet acre jacent oontra pratum sacerdotis de 
Bonevill' ex altera parte rivuli juxta Fennebrigge . et insuper concessi donum 
matris mee Milisant quod fecit predictis monacbis simibter in puram ef p(»r- 
petuam eleraosinam . scilicet unam acram prati quam dedit pro anLma patris mei 
de dote sua que videlicet acra inoipit a fonte Donisi et jaoet ex orientali pai-te 
rivuli subtus terram arabilem versus duas acras prati que sunt euper Hiindem 
rivulum ox altere ymrte rivuli. Et insuper eommunem pasturam totius pheudi 
mei de Saneto Nicholao . illis concodo libere otquiete iu perpotuuiu. Tostibus . 



391 



TsAAc presbytero de Sancte Cadoco . EiICARDO sacerdote de Kaerwigau . 
GoDEFRiDO monacho de Margan . Fratre Wittfare et Fratre Jordano 
conversis de Margan . Augustino capellano de Sancto Johanne . Hereberto 
filio TuRKiixi . Dobino filio Wai,teri Siward . Waltero filio Ricardi sacer- 
dotis de Kardif . Ricardo filio Hereberti Turkilli . Osberno cellarario de 
Neth . Matildi de Soor avia mea . Rogero Scrogein. 

Seal in red wax, pointed oval l|^in. by Ijin. Device, a full-length female 
figure vested in a loose robe, girdled at the waist, and in the right hand a flower. 

Legend — * + sigillum milis[e]n[t].' 

Endorsed — •' Oarta Domiue Milisent junioris et matris ipsius de tribus acris 
prati et communi pastura pheudi sui apud Sanctum Nicholaum . que nobis concessit 
in perpetuum.' 



CCOXCVII. 

MORGAN AP OARADOC CONFIRMING HIS GRANT OF COMMON 
OF PASTURE TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 31.] S.D. 

Omnibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Morganus filius Caradoci 
salutem. Noverit universitas vestra me concessisse et dedisse mouachis de 
Margan communem pasturam et aisiamenta terre mee in bosco et in plano 
tempore Conani abbatis' fere triginta a.nnis transactis. Postea vero tempore 
Gileberti abbatis pluribus jam annis transactis eandem donacionem eis 
expressius incartavi . sicut carta quam inde habent testatur . cum monachi de Neth 
eo tempore niehil omnino haberent de teiTa mea in montanis ex est parte de 
Neth . Anno autem ab incamatioue domini millesimo ducentesimo quinto 
cupiditate victus penuriam quandam partem ejusdem pasture monachis de Neth 



392 



incartavi. Hoo testimonium veritatis ideo soripto mandavi ut nota sit omnibus 
veritas et oontroversia inter duos domos de eadem pastura facilius et justius 
terminetur. 

Endorsed — ' Morgan pro domo de Margan de communi pastura sua ex est 
parte de Neth.' 

Appended is a fragment of an oval seal of red wax, on which a figui'e of a 
knight riding to the right is partly seen. 

Legend — ' + sigillum mak ' 

(1) Abbot Conan's latest known date is 1187. 



CCCXCVIII. 

GEANT BY MORGAN, SON OF ORADOC, TO ROGER OOLE, OP 
LAND IN THE EEE OF NEWCASTLE. 

[Makgam Oharter.] 

MoRGANUs tilius Cradoci . omnibus Francis . Walensibus et Anglicis ad 
quos presentes littere pervenerint salutem et benevolentiam. 

Tam presentium quam futuroriun uoverit universitas quod ego Morganus 
famulo meo Rogero Oole pro servitio suo xx. aoras terre de dominio meo in feudo 
Novi Castri desuper fontem quendam qui dicitur Comeriswil dedi et concessi . 
quam sibi et heredibus suis de me et de lieredibus meis jm-e hereditario possi- 
dendam permisi . solidam et quietam ab omni servitio reddendo iinuuatim uuam 
libram oumini intra octabas Sancti Mxchaelis. Insuper ei eandem libertatem 
que ad dominium meum speotat et suis sequaoibus . iu phmis in pascuis in 
nemore in foro in inoi'a et in onini eommunione donavi. Uuio donationi ut rata 
pennaneat filii mei Leison et Oenet.s assensum ])rebu(Hunt , Et eaudem ego 
scripti serie et testium comprobatione et sigilli appositione confirmavi. Hiis 



393 



testibus . domiuo Rogero abbate de Margan . domino TJrbano arohidiacono . 
G. sacerdote . Helia clerico . Waltero prepositio . David Puin' [Puinel ?] 

WlLLELMO AlEWI . HeRBERTO LoC . loRWERH . RlS filio OeNEI . RoGERO 

AiPHAN . et multis aliis. 

Seal of Morgan in red wax, 2^in. diam. Equestrian type. 

' + SIGIL . . . MARGAN ARADOCI.' 

Endorsed — ' Donaeio Morgani Rogero Cole ' ; and later, ' in dominio suo de 
Novo Castello.' 

Roger Cole is possibly the English 8Cribe'9 version of Roger Coh. 



CCCXCIX. 

QRANT BY ROGER COLE OF SEVEN ACRES AT NEWCASTLE, 

TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . Rogerus . 
CoLE . salutem. 

Noverit imiversitas vestra me dedisse et coneessisse Deo et beate Marie et 
monachis de Margan . consUio et consensu domini mei Morgani et conjugis 
mee et filiorum pro salute anime mee et antecessorum de libero tenemento meo 
apud Castellum novum . vii. acras in perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam 
ab omni servitio et seculari exaetione . sicut ulla elemosina liberius teneri potest. 
Et hoc totum warantizabimus eis ego et heredes mei imperpetuum. Testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Rogeri Cole de vii. acris apud Novum Castellum.' 

2 8 



394 



COCC. 
GEANT BY ROGER COLE TO MARGAM ABBEY OF A FREE 
TENEMENT IN NEWOASTLE, WITH THE SANCTION O^ 
MORGAN, HIS GHIEF LORD. 

[Margam Oharter.] 

Noverit universltas vestra me dedisse et conoessisse Deo et beate Marie et 
monachis de Margan . consilio et consensu domini mei Morgani et conjuglsraee 
et filiorum pro salute anime mee et anteoessorum de llbero tenemeuto meo aput 
Castelldm Novum lianc terram in perpetuam elemosinam llberam et quietam ab 
omui servitlo et secularl exactume. (4ue vldellcet terra habet ad occldentem 
rivum qiii vooatur Ellenepulle lake et tendit ad orlentem versus Witherel . 
set non pertinglt illuc . et ad septentrlonalem partem habet divlsas terre de 
CoiTHCART . et austrum incij)It oultui-a que vadlt deorsum . versus magnam 
vlam Novi Castelli. Totam istam terram dedi predlctis monachls slcut Inter 
has divisas continetur pro iiu'"'- acris . terre sive plus . sive mlnus Ibldem 
habeatur. Et quia ego slgillum non habul . sigillo dominl mel Morgani . qui 
michi predictum tenementum dedlt pro meu .servitio . hauc cartam consiguavi. 
Abbas vero predicti loei et raonachi mee neoessitatl oompatientes . unum bisantium 
dederunt in hujus recognltlonem douationis. Hlis testlbus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Rogeri Oole de iilt. aerls apud Novuni Oastellum.' 



395 



CCCCI. 

CONFIEMATION OF A GEANT BY EOGEE COLE AT NEWCASTLE 
TO MAEGAM ABBEY, BY MOEGAN AP CAEADOC, THE 

CHIEF LOED. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Notmn facimus universitati vestre nos pro salute anime uostre et anteeessorum 
nostrorum concessisse et presenti carta nostra confirmasse monachis de Margan 
donationem quam . Eogerits . Cf)LE . homo meus et serviens fecit eisdem in 
puram et perpetuam et liberam elemosinam de libera terra sua aput Novum 
Castellum quam dedi ei pro suo servitio . ut . scilicet ipsi monaclii habeant 
ipsam terram quam dedit eis pro iiij*" aoris que jacent ad orientem rivuli qui 
vocatur Ellenepulle lake proxime terre de Coitcart per divisas . quas in carta 
ipsius EoGERi continentur . sine omni servitio et seculari exactione et molastia et 
coEsuetudine . et ego ipsam donationem contra onmes homines waraatiiiabo. 
Testibus. 

Entitled — ' Confirmatio Morgani de ten-a Eogeri Cole apud Novum Castellum.' 

ccccn. 

GEANT BY MOEGAN, SON OF CEADOC, OF THE LAND OF 
WALTEE LAHELES, FOE A YEAELY MAUNDY, TO 
MAEGAM ABBBY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Moroands 
filius Cradoci salutem. 

Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse et hac carta confirmasse monachis de Morgan 
in perpetuam elemosinam teiTam que fuit Walteri Laheles tenendam et 
habendam libere pacifice et quiete reddendo mihi et heredibus meus annuatim 
pro omni servitio consuetudine et exactione u"*- solidos ad iiu™- terminos anni 
scilicet ad unumquemque terminum vj"^- Nam totum reliquum quod comes 



396 



solebat accipere et ego post ipsum ad annuum redditum de illa terra . soilicet vj. 
Bolidos et iiij'"'- denarios dedi predictis monachis pro anima mea ad mandatum 
paupenim fatiendum per conventum in oena Domini. Et volo ut hec elemosina 
mea in perpetuum in domo de Margan inviolabiliter ad hoo annuum mandatiim 
faciendum assignetur. Hiis testibus . Waltero Luuel . Ernulfo constabulario 
de Kenefeg . Stephano clerico . Griffino filio Kneithur . Reso Coh . David 
PuiGNEL . Kenewrec filio LoARH . Thomas fib"o RicARDi . ct multis aliis. 

Seal, reddish wax, 2:jiu. diam. A knight, armed, riding to the proper left, 
arm extended, with a sword. No visible armorial bearings. 
Legend — ' + sigillum margani filii caradoci.' 
Endorsed— ' Donacio Margani de vj'- et iiij'"'- [d.] de Lahelest[on]. 

For Lahelea see OCrOXOTX 

CCCCIII. 

GRANT BY THE SAME TO THE SAME OF LANDS BETWEEN 

WITHEREL AND ELLENPULLE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omuibus Sancte e. f. p. et f. Morganus filius Karadoci salutem. 

Sciatis me o. et d. et h. c. c. D. et e. S. M. de Margan et m. i. D. servientibus in 
elemosinam totam terram quam habui iuter Witherel et Ellenepulle lake et 
L. aoras de Rofleslond proximiores terre eorum apud Clacckeston quam habent 
de Herberto Scurlag . ut habeant et teneant prediotam teri^am . liberam et 
quietain ab omni seculari servicio . consuetudine et omni exaotione . sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et hoc totum warantizabimus eis ego et heredes 
mei . in perpetuum . et hanc elemosinam feci eis pro anima patris mei . et matris 
mee . et pro animabtis omnium antecessorum meorum et pro salute mea quando 
reddidi mc domui de Maroan in manibus . G. iibbatis et hoc posui tunc in mea 
eoncessione . quod si in seculo obiero . corpus meum apud Margan sepeUatur. 
Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Morgani filii Cradoci de l. aoris et de adjeotione alterius. ' 



397 



CCCCIV. 

CEETIFICATE BY MORGAN AB CRADOC OF THE QUITCLAIM 
OF CRADOC AP JOHN TO MARGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Onmibus Sanote eeolesie filiis presentibus et futuris ad quos presens scriptiim 
pervenerit . Morganus filius Cradoci salutem. 

Noverit iiniversitas vestra . quod Cradocds filius Johannis liberam et quitam 
clamavit monachis de Margan et coram me abjuravit totam terram que est 
inter duas Avenas . quam ipse Cradocus a prefatis monachis calengizaverat . 
et quitam . clamavit de se et de omnibus suis. Et super hoe plegios inveuit me et 
Meuric Broch. 

Endorsed — ' Carta attestationis Morgani. Soilicet quod Cradocus filius 
Johannis quitum clamavit totam terram inter duas Avenas ; sine redditu.' 

CCOCV. 

GRANT OF LAND IN AVAN MARSH BY MORGAN, SON OF 
CRADOC, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . Morganus 
filius Ckadoci salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod ego Morganus ex communi consensu et assensu 
heredum meorum dedi et coucessi et hac presenti oarta oonfirmavi ecolesie beate 
Makie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus duas acras prati et unam 
arabilem jacentes in marisco de Avene . que fuerunt Jow.vn Br^ut vait . De 
quo vivente predicti monachi eas tenuerunt . libere et qiuete et in pace . in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam . sicut uUa elemosina liberius ac commodius dari 
potest aut haberi imperpetuum. Ita quod monachi decetero pro supradiotis acria 



398 



nemiiii respondebunt. Et sciendum quod has tres acras ego Morganus dedi 
mouachis de Margan imperpetuum pro anima Jowan Bract vait. Hiis 
testibus . Wrgano Sacerdote . DAVin Puignel . Herberto . Ivor filio 
JowAN . Galfrido filio Herberti . et multis aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Carta ejusdem de duabus acris prati et unius arabilis . sine 
redditu.' 



CCCOVI. 

GRANT BY MORGAN AB CARADOC OF THE LAND OP 
PULTIMOR, TO MARGAN ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omuibus Sanete eoclesie filiis . p. et f. Morganus filius Caradoci salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et oousensu parentum et amicorum meorum concessisse et 
dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan 
6. m. i. D. s. in elemosinam totam terram de Pultimor cum omnibus aisiamentis 
et pertinentiis sxiis ut habeant et teneant eam . in perpetuum liberam et quietam 
ab omni servitio et consuetudine et exactione seculari reddendo michi et heredibus 
meis annuatim ad festum Sancti Michaelis dimidiam marcam pro omiii servitio. 
Et ego et Leysan filius meus affidavimus et super sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan 
juravimus quod hoc totum ego et heredes mei adquietabimus et warentizabimus 
predictis monachis contra omnes homines in perpetuum. Hiis testibus . Domino 
Henrico' Landavensi episcopo . Helva decano de Novo Castello . David 

PuIONEL . HeRBERTO PaLMERO . WaSMERO filio JaGO . NlCHOLAO GoBIUN . 

Magistro Waltero de Bbrgeveni. 
Seal in dark wax, as usual, cliipped. 
Endorsed — ' Carta Morgani filii Caradooi de terra de Pultimor.' 

(1) The Bishop U Henry, Pi-ior of .\berg:ivemiy. Consecrateri iintc Iliiti. f rjl;i. 



399 



CCCCVII. 

GEANT BT MORGAN, SON OF CARADOC, AND HIS SONS, OF 
THE LAND LATE BELONGING TO WALTER LAGELES 
TO MARGAM ABBET. 

[Makgam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte e. f. a. q. p. s. pervenerit . Morganus filius Cradoci salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et consensu Leysani et Owein filiorum meorum dedisse et 
con. et h. e. c. D. et e. B. M. de M. et m. i. D. servientibus totam terram que fuit 
Walteri Lageles . cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in perpetuam elemosinam 
pro anima mea et pro animabus predeeessorum et successorum meorum habendam 
et tenendam libere et quiete . sicut ulla elemosina liberius haberi et teneri potest. 
Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus eis hanc donationem . sicut elemosinam 
nostram eontra omnes homines in perpetmuu . et totum annuum redditum quem 
comes solebat accipere . et ego post ipsum . de terra Ula . seUicet . ^iu. solidos et 
iiij. denarios . ego et heredes mei predictis raonachis quitum clamavimus imper- 
petuum. Si vero aliquod servicium . sive domini Regis sive alicujus alterius de 
illa terra fuerit aliquando requisitum . ego et heredes mei iUud faciemus . ita 
quod monachi quieti erunt . et Hberi ab omni servitio . exactione . et consuetudine 
seculari . imperpetuum. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Morgani de viu. solidis et iii.t"" denariis de Lagelest[on.]' 



CCCCVIII. 

CONFIRMATION BT MORGAN AB CARADOC OF VARIOUS 
GRANTS TO MARGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Gharter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens soriptum pervenerit . Morganus 
filius Cradoci salutem. 



400 



Sciatis me concessisse et hac carta oonfirmasse monachis de Margan douacionem 
quam fecit eis Resds Coh iu territorio Novi Castelli . de medietate terre que 
fuit Ketherech . et donacionem quam fecit eis Enniaun filius Ririd de reliqua 
medietate ejusdem terre in omnibus sicut carte ipsorum testantur. Et si forte 
propter aliquam causam dissaisiati fuerint . nicbilominus monachi tenebunt 
predictam terram in pace et quiete imperpetuum . sicut elemosinam nostram. 
Teste RoGERO filio Wian . Kenewreic fratre ejus . Espus filio Q-istelard . 
David Puinnel . Herberto Palm[er] . Ricardo Waleis. 

Endorsed — ' Confirmacio Morgani filii Cradoci de predictis donaciouibus 
scilicet Resi Coh et Enniaun filii Ririd.' 



CCCCIX. 

CONFIRMATION BY RES, SON OF HOEL, AND HIS BRETHREN 
OF THEIR FATHER'S GRANT OF LAND ON THE AVENE, 
MARGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos p. s. p. Resus filius Hoel et fratres ejus 
soilicet HoEL . Griffinus . Loelin . Ythel . salutem. 

Sciatis nos c. et d. et hac carta confiiTOasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de 
Margan et m. i. D. s. conoessione MoRGANifiUi Karadoci in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam totam partem nostram videlioet totam tei-tiam partem omnium que 
oontineutur inter has divisas soilicet a vado Keuelhi usque ad fontem Sauoti 
Ylthuti et a fonte Sanoti Ylthuti usque ad Torbethel et a Thorbethel usque 
ad Blain Cragan sicut Blain Cragan deseendit in Avene . pro anima patris 
nostri et antecessorum et sucoessorum nostrorum tenendam et habendani libere et 
quiete in bosco et in plano in pasturis et in omnibus aisiamentis. Et nos hano 
donationem prediotis monaohis warantizabimus sicut elemosiuam uostram coutra 



401 



omnee homines imperpetuimi. Hiis testibus . Mokgano filio Karadoci . Rogero 
"WiAN . David Puignel . Ythenard filio YcHEL . Meuric Was. 
Two seals, red wax. 

1. Morgan ap Cai'adoc, as usual. 

* + sigill . . . margani filii carad ' 

2. An oval, lin. by Ifin. Device, a broad-leaved spear, palewise, point 
upwards. 

' + SIGIL HOWELI.' 

Endorsed — ' Resi filii Hoel et fratum suorum.' 

A Kes ap Howel appears as ' latro et felo," conveyed from Langunit to Caerdiff, in the accounts of the 
Comitatns [DCCXLYII] ; also as witness in an Avene Charter in 13.?.^ [DCCCCLVI.] 



ccccx. 

ANOTHEE COPY OF THE PRECEDING DEED. 

[Margam Charter.] 

' Omnibus S. E. f. ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Resus filius Hoel . et 
fratres ejus . scilioet . Hoel . Gtriffin^nus] . Luelin . Ythel . salutem. 

Sciatis nos concessisse et dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus . conoessione Morgani 
filii Cradoci [in puram et] perpetuam elemosinam . totam paxtem nostram . 
videUcet totam terciam partem omnium que continentur inter [has divi]sas . 
scilicet a vado Keuelhi usque ad fontem Sancti Ylthuti . et a fonte Sancti 
Ylthuti usque ad Thor[bethel et a Thorbeth]el usque ad Blaincragan sicut 
Blaincragan descendit in Avbne . pro anima patris nostri et antecessorum et 
successorum nostrorum . tenendam et habendam libere et quiete in bosco et 
in plano in pasturis et in omnibus aisiamentis. Et nos hanc donationem 
predictis monaehis warantizabimus sicut elemosinam nostram contra omues 

3 A 



402 



lioraines imperpetuum His testibus Morgano filio CRADOf:i . Eogero Wian . 
David Pugnel . Tthenardo filio T . . . . Meuric Was. 

Endorsed — ' Confirmatio Resi filii Hoel et fratrum suorum de terra quam uobLs 
dimisit pater eonun . (Vacat . . .).' 

(1) Thio copy is acored throjigb, as thongh for erasure 



CCCCXI. 

MEMORANDUM CONCEENING GEUFFUTH VEEGH, LOED OF 
GLENTAWT, HIS OPPOSITION TO WILLIAM, SON OF 
JOHN DE BEEUHUSE, THE LOSS OF THE WOODLANDS, 
THE LAW OF HOWBL DA SUPEESEDED, Etc. 

[P.E.O., U.ll. MlSCELL. BOOKS, VOL. I.] 

Fayt a remembrer que Gtruffuth Vregh' fust seyguour de Gtlintamt eu 
acum tens epuis a la encontre sire Gtuillame de Breuhose fiLa sire Johan de 
Breuhuse. Epuis pur aver la pees le seignour . si relessa il tous ses boys . a 
seygnour pui- avoir les autres terres. E. Q-ruffuth ap Howel' . e Ovi^eyn 
Vachan et Eywon a)) IIowel e les autres gents de sus boys si alereut hors 
encontre le seygnour e puys quant il vintkeut a la jjees . en pees feysaimtes 
ensemblementes oue autie rau'son si relesserent il au seyguour toiiz leiu' boys 
aforestees issino qe la pastui-e e Ivu- autres terres lem- demorassent . e qe la ley 
Howel Da feust desfayte e qe il peussent avoii' la ley de xu. et denqueste . et 
cetera . et cele ley . et oetera. Les queux leys vnkes ue feurent en la meyn de 
uul des cuntes de warewych ue de nid des sej^igneurs de Breuhuse avaimt lc 
tens avaundit . come en demeyu par quay illes jioiTeieut douer ue vendre . et 
cetera. 

(l) Seo Birch, Uist. of Marifaui Ahbe-ij, p. \h^. 



403 



CCCCXII. 

GRANT BY PHILIP DE MAECEOSS OF AN ANNUAL EENT EOE 
LIGHTS TO THE CHUECHES OF NEATH AND MAEGAM. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1220. 

Omaibus Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presentes Httere pervenerint. Phillipus 
de Marcros . salutein. 

Noverit universitas vestra ine pro salute anime mee . et uxoris mee et onmium 
antecessorum . et successorum . meorum . concessisse et dedisse et hac preseuti . 
carta mea ooufirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan . et monachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . redditum x. soK- 
dorum . ad luminare invenieudum di* purifioationis beate virginis Marie. 
Ex qrdbus x. solidos monachi de Margan percipient vi. solidos . annuatim de 
monachis de Neth . ad festum Saneti Micil\elis . pro xxxvi. aeris terre quas 
domus de Neth tenet de me in elemosiuam . sicut carta eorum quam de me 
habent testatur. Et iiij. solidos reddet iUis Baldewinus de Landxj . pro 
xxiiij'*^ acris terre . quas ego Philippus de Marcros dedi in puram elemosinam 
predicti domui de Margan . de libero tenemento meo de Marcros . ad eaudem 
terminum . Sancti Michaelis. Hiis . Testibus. 

Entitled — ' Garta ejusdem de luminaribus in die purificationis.' 

CCCCXIII. 

CONFIEMATION BY ESPUS, SON of caeadoc du, of his 
PATEENAI. UNCLE'S geant in peitivin land, and of 

THE LAND EECOVEEED FEOM HIS UNCLE'S DAUGHTEE, 
TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 
Universis Sancte ecclesie filiis qiu presentem cai^tam inspexerint . Espus filius 
Caradoci salutem. 



404 



Notum facio universitati vesti-e me ooncessisse et presenti carta confirmasse 
Deo et beate Marie et monacluB de Margan donaoionem xx*"- acrarum in terra 
Peitiuin quas Ketheric patruus meus eisdem mouachis in elemosinam dedit . 
Ad has autem xx''- acras de terra mea quas per finalem concordiam de Thate- 
rech filia predioti Ketheric recuperavi vii'*™- aoras prefatis monachis in puram 
et perpetu[am] elemosinam dedi tenendas et habendas libere et quiete ab omni 
servicio et seculari exactione. Que videlicet vu'^™- prefa[tis] xx''- acris proxime 
sunt et conjuncte ad australem plagam. His testibus . Willelmo de Liches- 
flet . "Willelmo de Reg[ni] atque Helia monachis . Q-odwino . Ricardo . 
G-ocelino . conversis de Margan . Q-riffino filio Onaithuri . Richeredo filio 
RiwEL . Riheredo fratre illius. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Espus filii Oaradoci Du.' 

CCCOXIV. 

CONFIRMATION BY ESPUS, SON OF OARADOO DU, OF HIS 
UNOLE'S PEITIVIN LAND IN KENFIG AND THAT OF 
HIS FATHER IN CORNELY, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecelesie filiis presentibus et futuris . Espus filius Cradoci [)u . 
salutem. 

Sciatis me conoessisse et dedisse . et hac oarta confirmasse consilio et oonsensu 
parentum et amicorum meorum Deo et ecolesie Sanote Marie de Maroan . et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibiis totam partem raeam terre Peiteuin que 
fuit Ketherici patrui mei et totam ten-am raoara de Corneli que fuit 
Caradoci Du patris mei oum omiiibus aisiamentis et pertinentiis suis in puram 
et perpetuam elemosiuam pro anima mea et patris et matris mee et omuium 
parentum meoiniin ut oiim liabeant et teneant libere et quiete ab omni servitio et 
consuetudirie et exaotiono seculari. Sieut ulla Gleraosiua liberius teneri potost . 



405 



Reddendo solummodd heredibus meis post decessum meum duo calcaria vel sex 
denarios singulis annis ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omni servicio. Et 
hec omnia feoi eis quando coi-pus meum prefate ecclesie delegavi . ut cum 
mortuus fuero ibidem sepeliatui'. Et sciendum quod ego Espus filius Caradoci 
Du . et heredes mei affidavimus et super sanctuaria ecclesie de Margan 
juravimus quod hanc donaoiouem prefatis monachis warantizabimus contra omnes 
homines in perpetuum. His testibus . Vria filio Weir . Espus et Geruasio 

filiis Q-ISTELET . MaDAROD filio ChANAN . WlLLELMO de LlCHESFELD . HeNRICO 

de Cardif monachis de Margan et Cnaithuro converso. 
Endorsed — ' Carta ejusdem de terra Peitevin.' 

CCCCXV. 

PROVISIONAL GRANT BY ESPUS, SON CARADOC DU, OF 
THE WHOLE OF HIS PEITEVIN LAND IN KENFIG, AND 
OTHER LAND TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sanote ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Espus filius Caradoci Du. 
salutem. 

Soiatis me concessisse et dedisse et presenti carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie 
Saucte,MARiE de Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totam terram 
meam quam habui de feudo Peiteuin in territorio de Kenefeg ia elemosinam 
libei'am et quietam ab omni seculari consuetudine et exactione sicut uUa 
elemosiua liberius teneri potest . reddendo annuatim mihi et heredibus meis 
imperpetuum solunimodo dimidiam marcam pro omni servicio. Et sciendum quod 
in inicio hujus donacionis accepi pre manibus firmam ^i. aunorimi scilicet iii'*- 
marcas . unde ipsi monachi quieti sunt usque ad tantum tenninum perimpletum. 
Et soiendum quod si contigerit me mori antequam heredem habeam de uxore 
mea filia Resi filii Jowan . totam predictam terram illis dedi in elemosiuara 



406 



puram et quietam ab omm servitio. Si vero eontigerit rae habere heredem post 
mortem meam dedi eis xii"'™- acras simul cum eorpore meo in puram elemosinam 
et duos clamavi solidos quietos quoa accipere solebam de predicta firma. Et hec 
omnia fii-miter tenenda et warantizanda imperjjetuum affidavi. Et super sacra 
juravi . et plegios inveni . scilieet . Resum Coh . et fratres eius . Ithellum 
filium RiwEL et fratres ejus . Galfridum filium Cnaithuri Du et fratres ejus. 
Endorsed — ' Item carta ejusdem de terra Peitevin.' 



CCCCXVI. 

CONFIRMATION BY JORVARD, SON OF ESPUS, OP HIS FATHER'S 

GIFTS IN CORNELY TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Seiant presentes et futuri quod ego Joruardus filius Espus consilio et assensu 
parentum et araieonmi meorum eoneessi et hae presenti carta eonfiiTuavi Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan . et monaehis ibidem Deo servientibus 
donationem patris mei . quam feeit eis de terra sua de Cornely . cum omnibus 
pertinentiis et aisiamentis suis . ut habeant et teneant eam in puram et perjietuam 
elemosinam . liberam et quietara . ab omni servitio consuetudine et exaetione 
seculari. Sieut uUa elemosina liberius haberi . vel teneri potest. Preterea 
quitum clamavi totum elamiura memn quod habui in terra Peiteuin. IUos etiam 
VI. denarios . (juos inde solebant reddere . in perjietuimi quitos elamavi. Et ego 
pt heredes mei hane confijrnationeiu ]iredietis monachis warantiznbiraus in 
peri)etuura ■■ontra omnes homines. Hiis testibus. 

Bndorsed — ' Carta Joruardi ab Espus.' 

.Torv:irri :ib Esiius witnesBeii Charters in 12.11 and 1249. nnil he and Res Coh were two of tlie twelve 
' Viri probi et leg: Jes ' called in as jurore to decide tlie case belweeu Earl Gilbert, by his Bailiff, aud Howel 
ab Mcredin;. iii the matter oi Richard Syward in V2i:i [CCOCXC, DXXXV., DXXXVUI.,DCXLIII.]. 



407 



COCCXVII. 

GEANT BY JORUAED AB ESPUS OF AI^L HIS LANL» BETWEEN 
CTJMKAREUM AND FRUDUL TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

CaRTA YoRVARD FILII EsPUS DE TERRA INTER CtTMKARRUM ET SuRSAM 

DE FrUDEL. 

Seiant omnes tam ]jreseutes quam futiu'i quod ego Joruard filius Espus cledi 
et concessi et hac carta mea coufirmavi d. et ec. S. M. de Margan et mouachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus totam teiram meam iuter Cumkarrum et sursam de 
Frudul . cimi omnibus pertineuciis suis tenendam de me et heredibus meis per 
easdem divisas per quas pater meus Espus et Avus meus Cradoc . Du . eandem 
terram tenuerunt.^ Et ego et heredes mei predictam terram prefatis monachis 
contra omues homines warantizabimus imperpetuum. 

Hiis testibus. 

Jevan l)u. 
Cradoc Dn. 

Espns 

I 
Jorvnnl=Wenth]ian. 



III I 

Wilim. Madoc- Espu^i. Joi-aard Vaclian. 

(See No3. CCCCLXXXV. .and CCCCXXVIII.) 

OCCCXVIII. is the confirination of this grnut by the sons of .Toruard. 

(1) An erasure here, containing u paratfniph concerning a rent. 



COCCXVIIl. 

CONFIEMATION BY THE SONS OF YOEVERD AB ESPUS OF 
THEIR FATHER'S GEANT OF LAND BETWEEN CUM- 
KERUM AND FRUDUL TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Marga.m Gharter.] Early 13th Cent. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Wilim ab Joruerd . Madoc ab Joruerd . 
et Espus ab Joruerd . et Joruerd vachau . fratres mei consensu matris nostre 



408 



Wenthian et fratrum nostrorum . et omnium parentum nostrorum dedimus et 
concessimus et hae presenti carta nostra coufii"niavimus D. et e. S. M. de M. et 
m. i. D. s. totam terram nostram inter Oumkerum et sui'sam de Frudul cum 
omuibus pertiueuciis suis tenendam et habendam de nobis et heredibus nostris 
per easdem di\'isas per quas pater noster Joruerd ab Espus . et Espus avus 
noster . et Cradoc ab Je^an Du . eam tenuerunt. Ut habeant et teneant eam in 
pm'am et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omui sorvicio . consue- 
tudine . et exaotione . et demanda . sicut uUa elemosina melius et liberius haberi 
et tenen potest. Nos vero et heredes nostri predictam terram cum omnibus 
pertinenoiis suis contra omnes homines mortales imperpetuum warautizabimus. 
Et ut ista donacio uostra et concessio rata et stabilis pennaneat . huic scripto 
sigilla nostra oommuni assensu apposuimus. Hiis testibus . Waltero de Sulia . 
Henrico de Humframvill' . Willelmo Frandeng' . Morgano Vachan . 
Grifino ab Res . Gtrifino Vachan . Jeuan ab Wronu . et multis aliis. 

Four seals, lin. diam., in dark greeu was. 

1. The field, replenished with pellets, in pale a lance flag, charged with four 
chevrons. The banner flying to the proper left. 

Legend — ' + s' . will'i . filii . .joruek' ab esp'.' 

9. The same. 

' -f s' . MADOCl . FILIl . VORVHKT . AB . ESP.' 

3. Similar device, flag to right. 

' + s' . ESPUS . FILII . YERVHKT . AB . ESP.' 

4. As 1 and 2. 

' + s' . YORVHET . VAHAN . FIl' . YORV . AB . BSP.' 

Endorsed — ' Caiia filiorum Terword ab Espus.' ' A deed of all the lands 
betv^rixt Cumkeroun and Ffrudell.' 

.lorverd ab Espus occiirs HiV. 1284, 12-18. 



409 



CCCCXIX. 

GEANT BY DIUEEIC, SON OF JOHN, SON OF JOAF, OF 
LAND HELD BY HIS FATHEE OF EAEL WILLIAM, TO 
MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Chakter.] No Date. 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie fiHis presentibus et futuris Deurec' filius Johannis 
filii JoAF . salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et consensu amicorum et parentum raeorum coucessisse et 
dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus iu puram et perpetuam elemosinam xii""'"- 
acras terre arabilis . et duas prati quas pater meus Johannes filius Joaf teuuit 
de comite Willelmo et ego post eum reddendo annuatim domino meo pro omni 
servicio xviij"'- denarios. Has igitur xii'"'" acras terre etrabilis et duas prati 
dedi prenominatis nionachis . ut eas habeant et teneant libere et quiete ab omni 
seculaii servicio et consuetudine et exactione . sicut ulla elemosina liberius 
teceri potest salvo servitio domini mei . soilicet xviii"- denarios . quos predicti 
monachi annuatim domino meo reddeut quamdiu terram tenuerint. Et ego 
DiuERio filius JoHANNis filii JoAF affidavi et super sanctuaria ecolesie jui-avi . 
quod lianc donacionem eis in perpetuum contra omnes homines warantizabo. 
Hiis testibus . Henrico de Penebruge . tunc vicecomite . Helia clerico . 
Eadulpho Mailoc . Hernardo- constabulario . Osmero Cuuian . Willelmo de 
Lichesfeld . Toma de Bristou . monachis de Margan . Espus filio Cp-adoci . 
GrRiFFiNO filio GrNAiTHURi . JoHANNE presbitero . Stephano clerico de Kenefeg. 

Seal, dark wax. Ifin. diam. Device indistinct. 

Legend — ' diueric' 

Endorsed — ' Carta ejusdem de eisdem acris.' 

(1) The copy in ihe roll reads ■Diueric' (i) •Ernaldo,' copj- in a roU. i 



3b 



410 



ccccxx. 

GRANT BY DIUERIC, SON OF JOAF, OF LAND BETWEEN 
CORNELI AND ST. MICHAEL'S ORANOE TO MARGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1230. 

Omnibus Sancte euelesie filiis presentibus et futuris . Dh'eric salutem. 

Seiatis me ooncessisse et dedisse et hae oarta confirmasse D. et B. M. de M. et 
M. de Margan pro salute anime mee . terram meam quam habui inter Corneli 
et grangiam de Sancto Michaele . scilicet xii"*'" acras terre arabilis et duas 
acras . prati in elemosinam . ut ipsi monaohi habeaut et possideant terram iUam 
in perpetuum sicut ego eam tenui . scilicet pro solummodo xviii"- denariis per 
annum quos dabunt apud Kenefeg in gabulum. Et ego et heredes mei waranti- 
zabimus eis terram illam imperpetuum contra omnes homines. Et sciendum quod 
quando feoi eis hanc donacionem earitative dederunt mihi duos solidos. Hiis 
testibus . WiLLELMo de Lichesfeld . Willelmo de Ponchardun . Willelmo 
tuno portaiio et Richardo monaohis . Rogero . Willelmo oonversis de Margan . 
G-RiFFiNo filio Cnaithur . Esptis filio GisTELARi) . ot multis aliis. 

Endorsed — 'Carta Diuerie filii Joaf de duodecim acris.' 

OCCCXXI. 

GRANT BY GILLE SEIS OF TWENTY-FOUR ACRE8 TO 

MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Marg.^m Charter.] Circa 1230. 

Sciant tani preseutes c^uam futuri quod ego Gille Sei.s dedi et hac karta 
oonfirmavi Deo et B. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. in perpetuam elemosinam xx^- 
iuj"^ aoras terre eum pertinentiis suis que jacent inter terram Diueric . et teiTam 
YuoR ab WiAN . quarum etiam iina aera et dimidia jaoet inter terram Willelmi 
Gille et terram Mei . <it i. acrii ox opposito in sudparte vie illius. Has xx"- 
iiij'"' aoras oum prato scilicot xu. quas tonuit ijnter meus . et xii. quas ego emi 



411 



de Wetheleu filii Yuor dedi prefatis monachis in perpetuam elemosinam habendas 
et tenendas libere quiete et pacifioe absque omni secidari oonsuetudine et exac- 
tione preter sei-vitium domini Eegis . Scilicet lu. solidos. Et sciendum quod ego 
et Eetherech frater meus et consanguinei mei juravimus super sanctuaria ecclesie 
quod nos et heredes nostri hanc donationem prediotis monaehis warantizabimus 
contra omnes homiues tam propinquos quam extraneos in perpetuum . sicut 
liberam elemosinam nostram. Hujus rei plegii sunt Retherech frater meus . 
Resus Coch . Cradoc frater ejus . Alaithur . Wrunu ab Wian . Woruerd ab 
G-iSTELARD. Et sciendum quod quando feci eis hanc donationem . domus ipsa 
me recepit in plenam fraternitatem . et concessit mihi ut quandoeimque volueiim 
ibidem habitimi conversi susoipiam . si eorum ordo me recipere poterit . id est si 
non habuerim uxorem vel nimietate debitorum fuerim astrictus . vel aliquid tale 
contigerit . pro quo non possim recipi. 

Seal in red wax, pointed oval, l|ia. by l|in., a sort of spear-bladed lily. 

•+ SIGILl' . GILLE . SEIS.' 

Endorsed — ' Gille Seis de xxiiu. acris.' 

(Birch, Eist. of Margam Abbei/, p. 167.) 

COCCXXII. 
EOTAL WEIT TO THE BAILIFF'S OF CAEMAETHEN FOE 
THE EESTITUTION OF SWANSET GASTLE TO EEGINALD 
DE BEAOSE. 

[EoTUL. LiT. Claus. 7 Hbn. III., VoL. I., p. 564.] 

24 Sept. 7 Hen. in. 1223. 
Eex baillivis de Kaermekdix salutem. 

Mandamus vobis quod talem saisinam habere faciatis dilecto et fideli nostro 
Eeginaldo de Braos' de castro de Sweines' cum pertinentiis snis qualem inde 
habuit die quo idem Eeginaldus venit ad pacem et servicium nostrum. 
Teste H. etc. apud Herefordiam . xxiiu. die Septembris. 
Endorsed — ' De saisina de castro de Sweines.' 



412 



CCCCXXIII. 

PETER DE CICESTER, DEAN OF WELLS, RECITES A 

MANDATE OF POPE HONORIUS III., DAT. 12 JAN.. 1222, 

FOR ADJUDIOATING BETWEEN W. PINCERNA AND THE 

ABBETS OF MARGAM AND NEATH, WITH RESULT OF 

THE CASE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 2.] Cikca a.d. 1223. 

Omnibus Sancte matris ecolesie liliis . P. decanus . A. oancellarius . et L. 
subdecanus Wellenses salutem in domino. 

Mandatum domini . Pape suscepimus in hec verba. 

HoNORius episcopus servus servorum Dei dilectis filiis decauo . caucellario . 
et subde(;ano Wellensibus . Bathoniensis diocesis salutem et apostolioam 
benedictionem. 

W. dictus PiNCERNA . R. et J. iilii ejus nobis conquerendo monstrarunt quod 
de Margan et de Neth abbates Cisterciensis ordinis Landavensis diocesis 
super terris et rebus aliis injmiantur eisdem. Ideoque discretioni vestre per 
apostolica scripta mandaraus quatinus partibus convocatis audiatis causam et 
appellatione reraota fine debito terminetis . facientes quod decreveritis per cen- 
suram occlesiastieara firmiter observari. Testes autem qui fuerint noininati . si 
se gratia . odio vel timore subtraxerint . per distrietionem eandem appellatione 
cessante cogatis veritati testiraonium perhibere. Q>uod si non omnes hiis 
exequendis potueritis interesse . duo vestrum ea nicholominus exequantur. 

Datum Laterani i.t. idus Januar . Pontificatus nostri anno sexto. 

Hujus igitur auctoritate mandati abbatem et conventum de Margan oitavimus . 
dictis W. PiNCERNE . R et J. filiis suis corara nobis responsuros et juri parituros. 
Quibus tandem per fratrem R. raonanhum ejusdem domus proouratorem suum in 
nostra prosentia comparentibus et predictis . W- R. et J. respondentibus facta est 
eis sufficiens editio de terris et rebus aliis super quibus eis injurinti dicebantur . 



413 



et postea prefixus est eis cUes ad omnes exceptiones dilatorias que sibi compe- 
terent proponendas. Et ecce interim operante illo qui fecit utraque unum . pax 
inter partes est reformata et concordia confirraata. Ita scilicet quod prenominati . 
W. et filii sui omnes questiones et exactiones super terris et rebus aliis quas 
habuenmt adversum domum de Margas omuino remiserunt . sicut littere 
eorundem patentes ad nos misse protestantui'. Nos autem hanc predictorum . 
W. et tiliorum suorum et domus de Margan concordiam et pacem gratam 
habentes . et ratam in posterura fore volentes sigilla nostra huic scripto 
apposuiraus in testiraonium. 
Two seals, brown, fragraentary. 

1 . Peter de Cicester, Dean of Wells. A fleur-de-lis. 

' -f IN SPI SSE KOBERTUM. 

2. Lambert, Subdean. |in. diara. Agnus Dei. 

' amb' subd ' 

The seal of the Ohancellor A[lard] is missing. 

Endorsed — ' Pinalis compositio inter domum de Margan et domum de Neth . 
et W. Pineemam et R. et J. filios ejus.' 

CCCCXXIV. 

MANDATE BY GILBERT DE CLAEE, EARL OF OLOUCESTEE 
AND HEETFOED, TO THE SHEEIFF OF GLAMOEGAN, 
THAT THE MONKS OF MAEGAM AEE ONLY TO BE 
IMPLEADED BEFOEE HIM OE HIS SHEEIFF. 

[Margam Charter.] 1223—1230. 

Protectio Q-. de Clare. 
G. de Clare comes Q-locbstrie et Hertfordie . vicecomiti Q-lamorgan 
salutem. 

Cum dominus noster Johannes Eex Anglie qui terram de Glamorgan habuit 
occasione comitisse Isabelle . matertere nostre quam desponsaverat . prohibuerit 



414 



ne abbas <'t luoniuhi de Margan de aliqiiibus tenementis suis ponerentur in 
placituni . nisi Lorara se ipso . vel coram eapitali ejus justiciario . volimius et 
precipimiis ne ipsi super aliquibus que ad eiuiam secularem pertinent jjonantur 
in plaeitum nisi coram nobis . vel coram vicecomite uostro ex mandato nostro. 
Valete. 

(Hee No. C!(X;LX.) 
\ 

ccccxxv. 

EEMISSION BY THE ABBOT AND CONVENT OF TEWKESBURY 
TO THE ABBOT AND CONVENT OF MAEGAN OF AN 
ANNUITY ON THE LIFE OF JUEDAN DE HAMELEDENA. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 51.] 

Noverint universi legentes et audientes hane cartam quod nos abbas et 
conventus Theokesbirie conventionavimus abbati et conventui de Margan 
quod de illis vigiuti iluobus solidis quos nobis ipsi reddimt pro Jurdano de 
Hameledena . quamdiu ipse vixerit . quod de iUis vigiuti duobus solidis post 
mortem ipsius Jurdani nichil omnino requiremus 4 domo de Margan. Set ipsa 
domus inperpetuum erit inde quieta et oai-ta de Margan quam inde habemus . 
ipsis sine omni coutradictione resignabitur. Et super hoe fecimus eis cartam 
nostram in testimonium. 

Endorsed — ' De ecclesia. de Kenefec' 

Portions of two seals attached. 

1. First seal of Tewkesbuiy Abbey. 

2. Seal of the abbot of Tewkesbury. Tlie abbot standing ou a corbel with a 
book in the left hand, the right hand uplifted in benediction. 

' DEl . (iRA . ABBAS . S ' 

A line of 1197 [OCXXV.] meations Thomiis le Sanford as having married Amabel, elder daughter and 
co-heir of Richard de Kiirdif, and as witli him holding a knighfs fee in Hameleden, which was pfobably 
in Gloucesterflhire aiid conuected with Tewkesbury. Jordan was a name in use in the de Kardif and 
Sanford families. liut wlirt .Ttirdan \v:is iw iinkuown. lic inav h:ive been a dc ' 'ardiff. 



415 



Kichard de Kardif was a member ot a well-knowTi family in tlie coanties ot Gloucester and Glamorgan. 
The Golden Grove Book makes him son of Robert, and nephew of Simon de Kardif . who witnesaed a Charter 
0. 1170. [CL.] Mr. Kuight cites Richard as witnessing a deed by Riohard de Lucy to William, Harl of 
Gloucester. as ' senescallus.' 23rd March, 1159. and he witneased the f oundation charter of Keynsham Priory 
by the same Earl. as ' Rioardus de Card. tuno dapifer (comitis) ; ' it further appears, from a general 
confirmation, 11 Edward U., that he gave land in Mapledurham to the canons of that house [New Mou., 
V., 452]. He also gave to Ewenny a rent-charge on certain lands iu England [Arch. Camb.. 1853, p. 168]. 

A tine of 24th January, 1197, taken after his death. shews liim to have left two daughters, co-heirs, of 
whom Amabel, the elder, claimed the half of three parts of a knight's fee in Toppesfeld, and half a 
quarter f ee in Grancenden. and half a knighfs fee in Hameleden, and half a quarter fee in ' Nova-villa ' 
(Newcastle) in Glamorgan, and half a fee in St. Hilary, and half of three hydes and of a virgate of land 
in Haiston. She was allowed all Nova-villa, Hameleden, and the service of Grancenden, and the hydes 
and virgate in Haiston, to her aud her husband, Thomas de Sanford, and their heirs for ever. 

Hadwise, the younger co-heir, married Thomas de Bavis. They liad all Toppesfeld and all St. Hilary. 
Nova-viUa and St. Hilary were in GLamorgan ; the other places were in Essex and Surrey [Fines temp. 
B. 1]. 

In his capacity of dapifer to the Earl of Gloucester, the Charter conceding to the burgesses of Neath 
the privileges enjoyed by those of Cardiff was addressed to aud witnessed by Sir Richard, as appears 
from its recital in the confirmation Charter of 20 Richard II. 

Meyric, quoting the now lost register of Neath Abbey, says that Sir Richard de Carditi: had thirty 
librates of land in Newton Nottage from Eari WilUam, and held them as the fourth part of a knighfs fee 
(by the tenure of castle guard at Cardlff), and the Liber Niger mentionB him as holding of the Earl half 
a fee in Wales aud a whole fee iu England. 

It is not necessary here to pursue the pedigree of the de Cardiff family. They were of QueenhuU and 
Walton-Cardiff, in Gloucestershire, and were represented in 1369 by Edward de Kerdif and Paulinus. his son, 
who died s.p. ; and in the female line by the Bawdripps and Bassetts of Be.aupr6. from Joanna, heiress of 
Wm. de Kerdif of Walton, who died 5 Edward III. Walton was af terwards Walton- Bassett. St. Hilary 
no doubt came from the Kerdifs to Bassett of Beauprfi, though through what chaunel is not ascertained. 



UCCCXXVI. 

GRANT BY GISTELAHD, SON OF JOHN, 80N OF BELIUS, OF 

LAND NEAR THE WATER OF KENPIG, TO MA.RGAM 

ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Q-istelard filius Johannis 
filii . Belii . salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et eeclesie Sancte 
Marie de Margan . et m. i. D. s. omnem terram meam que est juxta aquam de 
Kenefeg . scilicet xl" acras per consilium et concessionem uxoris mee et filiorum 



416 



meorum . ut habeant et teneant eam libere et quiete pleuarie et honorifice ab 
omni seculari servicio et consuetudiQe et omni exactione sicut ulla elemosina 
liberius teneri potest imperpetuimi ita tamen ut annuatim reddant iiu"''- solidos 
pro predicia terra domino ejusdem terre. Et super reliquias de Margan jui-avi- 
mus ego et uxor mea et filii mei et parentes mei . Espus filius Caradoci . 
Traharn filius CoNANi . et Ketherec frater ejus qui hanc convenciouen 
warantizabimus contra omnes homines. Pro hac autem eonvencione dederunt 
milii predicti monachi ij"'- mai'cas. Hiis testibus . Willelmo cellarario tunc . 
Helia monacho . Eicardo tunc magistro de Sancto Michaele . Griffino 
filio Cnaithuri . CoNANO filio Meruith. 

Seal, dark wax, l|iu. diam. A sort of flowered star of six rays. 

' + sigillum gistelard.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Gistelard filii Johannis filii Belii de xl"- acris.' 

CCCCXXVII. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY GRIFIN, SON OF CRADOC DE TYEIARTH, TO 
MARGAM, OF TANGUESTELLOND, GISTELARDESLOND, 
AND KEDEUEKESLOND. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omuibus Sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit 
Grifinus filius Cradoci de Tyriarth salutem iu Domino sempiternam. 

Sciatis me remisisse . relaxasse . et omnino quietum clamaspe pro me et heredibus 
meis ac assignatis meis in perpetuimi D. et B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. totimi jus 
et clamium quod habiu seu unquam habere potui aut aliquis seu aliqui heredum 
seu assignatormn meorum decetero habere aut claniare potuerint in perpetuum in 
hiis terris subscriptis cum pertiuenciis siiis . videHcet in tota terra que appellatiu- 
Tanouestellond ciun pertinenciis suis . Et in tota terra que ilicitur Gistelard- 
ESLOND cum pertinenciis siue . Et iu toii terra que vocatiu' Kederekeslond ciun 



417 



pertineneiis suis . oomoditatibiis omnibns libertatibus et aisiamentis ad easdem 
terras spectantibus. Ita quod nec ego Gtrifintjs nec heredes mei seii assignati 
mei nec aliquis vel aliqui pro me vel per me aliquod jus vel clamium in totis 
terris predictis cum pertinenciis . libertatibus et aisiamentis suis . nec in aliquibus 
seu aliqua earundem in toto ^el in parte decetero poterimus exigere vel clamare. 
Et ego dictus Gkifinus et heredes mei sive assignati mei totas prefatas terras 
integraliter cum pertinenciis prefatis monachis warentizabimus acquietabimus et 
defendemus in perpetuum. Pro hac autem mea warentizacione et omnimoda 
quieta clamacione facta prefatis monachis tam pro me quam pro heredibus meis 
imperpetuimi . dederunt michi predicti monachi septem crannoeos' frumenti et 
dimidium per annimi sohunniodo . pro omnibus exactionibus et demandis. Et ut 
hec mea warentizacio . relaxacio . et omnimoda quieta clamacio firma stabilisque 
perseveret in perpetuum . presens scriptum sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis 
testibiis . WiLLELMO ab Yoruerth . Traharn ab Eees . David ab Griffith . 

YORUERTH ab GrRIFFITH . EeES VoYL . WrONOU SeTS . GrRIFFlTH VaCHAN . 

Yokuerth Couth . OwEYN Vachan . Rees ab Cradoc . Kederech ab Cradoc . 
Rees Vachan . David ab Rees . et multis aliis. 

Small roxmd seal, dark green wax, fin. diam. : an estoile of eight points. 

' + S' GRIFINI r' crad'.' 

Endorsed in alate handwriting — 'Relaxacio de Tanghistland et Gyslesland.' 

(1 ) llcusuras geuus npud Hibenios. — Ducange. 

ccccxxvm. 

aUIT-CLAIM BY WALTEE, SON OF CUNNOR, ANI) IVOR, HIS 
STEP-SON, TO MAROAM OF LAND BETWEEN THE TWO 
AVANS AND EMBROCH. 

[Margam Charter.] 
Sciant omnes quod ego Walterus filius Cuxnor . et IroR privignus meus 
clamamus quietam abbatie de Margan . totam terram quam tenuimus inter duas 

3c 



418 



AvANAS . et illam de Embroch . et quiuquid iulra inetas abbatie teuuimus in 
bosco . et plano . et pasouis . sicut puram elemosinam predicte abbatie quam non 
habueramus nisi pro uensu dando seilicet annuatim duos nummos pro aura et hoc 
ad terminum . et cum bona pace et sponte nostra forisjuravimus eam inperpetuum 
super altare et reliquias ejusdem loci. Juravimus etiam quod si quis aliquo tem- 
pore sive de propinquis nostris sive de extraneis eam calumpniari presumpserit . 
nos stabimus ad warentizandum eam abbatie oontra omnes homines ubieunque 
necesse fuerit. Sciendum etiam quod uxor mea Taxgtjistel scilicet mater Iuor 
privigni mei cum ceteris filiis suis et matre sua Kenkris id ipsum totum quod 
fecimus ciun bona paoe et sponte sua coneesserunt. Et quia nos ipsi sigilla non 
habuimus . sigillo ecclesie de Landaf et sigillo Willelmo de Londoniis . et 
Pagani de Turberuil' . quod fecimus super hac re hoe scripto confirmavimus. 
Pro eo quod iu pace dimisimus has terras abbatio . dederuut uobis raouachi 
xx''- soUdos et quadraginta nummos. Hujus rei plegii sunt . Willei.mus de 
LoNDONiis . Paganus de Tur[ber]uill' et HuGO avunculus ejus . Symon de Tur- 
beruill' . Walterus Luuel . et Walterus filius ejus . Thomas de Corneli . 
JoHANNE de Oroeli . Michael de Nova Uilla . Rodbertus filius Eilmeri . 
Keneithur filius Hereberti . et Willelmus frater ejus . Wassbnfrei. 

Three seals originally, only the first now remains ; iu red wax, l|in. diam. A 
figure in armour, ou hni-seback, liding to the ju-ojjer left, blowiiig a horn. 
Legend is verj' illcj^iblc. 

'[-(- SIGiJlLUM . PAGANI . DET^HEKNII.' . . . .' 

Endorsed — ' CeRsio Waltm filii Cunnor et pareiituin ejuis a teira quain tenue- 
mnt k nobis intei' iluas Avanas.' 

The pedigTee seems to stand thus : — 

Cunnor.= =KoneriM. 

I I 

Wiilter.=Tanguistel.=l8t liasb;ind. 
2iid busband. | 

Ivor. 



419 



CCCCXXIX. 
GEANT OF A EENT OF TWELVE PENCE BY ADAM, POETAEIUS, 

TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 
[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 45.] 

Omnibus Saucte ecelesie filiis preseutibus et futuris Adam portarius salutem. 

Noverit tmiversitas vestra me oouseusu et consilio Thome filii mei et heredis 
mei alionmique amieorum meorum dedisse et concessisse atque presenti earta 
confirmasse pro anima mea et pro auimabus predecessorum atque successorum 
meorum Deo et ecclesie beate Makie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus redditum xii denariorum quos prefati monachi mihi reddere 
debueiimt annuatim in puram et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et qiuetam 
ab omni seoulari servitio consuetudine et exactione. His testibus . Henrico de 
Kerdif et WiXLELMO de Herefordia monachis de Margan . Cradoco medieo . 
EoBiNo . Waltero. 

Endorsed — ' A. portarius.' 

This 13 Adam, the Porter of GardifE [Castle]. See No. DCCCXXV. The two documents shew three 

generations, of which two held the office. which was probably hereditary. The device on the seal 

represents the ofl&ce. 

Roger Poi'tarius. 

I 
Adam Portariu8.= 



Herbert. Thomas 

It i,s evident from the identity with laud specified in the tollowing Charter. that Robert Cusin had 
inherited from the above, probably tlii'0ugh a sistei- of Herbert aud Thomas. 

ccccxxx. 

CONFIEMATION BY EOGEE CUSIN, SON OF EOBEET, POETEE 
OF CAEDIFF, OF THE GEANT BY ADAM, HIS MOTHEE'S 
BEOTHEE, OF LAND NEAE THE FISHPOND OF EOATH, 
TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 
Omnibus Sancte e. f. p. et futuris . Eogerus Cusin . fiJius Eoberti Cusin . 
portarii de Kard[if] . salutem. 



420 



Noverit univ. vestra quod ego cons. et cons. parentum et amic. meor. conc. et h. 
]j. c. m. confirmavi pro salute anime mee et antecessorum meorum . Deo et beate 
Marie de M.4.RGAN et m. i. D. servientibus . donacionem quam eis fecit . A . . . 
portarius avunciiIiiB meus . sicut carta ejus quam iude habent testatur . scUicet 
XV. acras terre arabilis . et v. acras prati . juxta vivarium de Raath . in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni seculari servicio (>on- 
suetudine et exactione . sicait uUa elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et totum jus 
et clamium quod habui iu prefata terra . prefatis monachis remisi et quitum 
clamavi in perpetuum. Et sciendum quod ego Rogerus . et heredes mei 
warantizabimus predictis monachis predictam terram contra onmes homines in 
perpetuum. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — 'Carta Roberti Cusin portarius de Cardiif.' On -the Charter roll 
' Carta Rogeri Ousin.' 

CCCCXXXI. 

QRANT BY MAURICE, PRIOR OF ST. MICHAEL OF OWENI. 
al. UGCOMOR, i.e., EWENNY, OF A TENEMENT AT LANT- 
GEWI, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant omnes tam preseutes quaui futuri quod hec ost oonventio quo facta est 
inter domum de Margan et ecclesiam Sauoti Michaki.is de Oweni presidento 
inonasterio de Margan dorano Conano abbate . et omno [ for domno] Mauritio 
prioratuni apiul Owkni administrante. Scilicot quod ego Mauritius prior do 
Oweni dimitto et concedo in perpetuum et hoo consilio et oommuni asseusu fratrum 
et socionun nostrorum monachorum nobisoum degentium . monaohis et domui do 
Marg.an totixm tenementum quod Wii.lki-mus Schki.aogk nobis et eoclesie 
SanctiMicHAELisde OwKNi iu puram et perpetuara contulit elemosinara apud 
Lantgewi de libero teuemento suo . per omnia sioul idom Wiii.ki.mus uobis et 



421 



domui nostre melius et liberius et iutegrius eandem dedit elemosinam in terris . 
et pasturis . et pratis . et communa pastiu-e . et ceteris aisiamentis terre et pheudi 
de Lantgewi nobis ooncessis et in elemosinam datis . siout carta ipsius Willelmi 
testatur. Hec inquam omnia sine aliquo retenemento predicti monachi de 
Margan iu perpetuum possidebunt . libere et quiete et sine omni servitio et 
seculari exactione . reddendo nobis pro omni servitio duos solidos annuatim ad 
Pascha. Et quia carta prime donationis remansit in nostra custodia . nos de 
OwENi presentem conventionem . et ten-am quam locavimus eum omnibus suis 
libartatibus monaohis de Margan contra omnes in perpetuum warentizabimus. 
Testibus Hugone et Osberno tune mouachis apud Oweni . Willelmo de 
Bedint' et Godefrido monachis de Margan . Adam capellano . Jordano oon- 
verso de Margan . Waltero elerico de Sancta Brigida . Helia clerico . 
BiODBERTO de Q-loecestria . Hereveio dapifero prioris. 

Seal of the Prior of St. Michael de Vggomor', i.e., Ewenny. Q-reen wax, 
imperfect. Figured in Birch's Hist. of Margam Abbey, p. 30. 

At the top the word ctrographum cut through with three deep indentures. 

Endorsed — ' Prioris de Oeweni.' 

CCCCXXXII. 

PRIVILEGE GRANTED BY GILBERT DE MONMOUTH, OF 
FREEDOM FROM TOLL IN BUYING AND SELLING 
THROUGHOUT HIS LAND, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Seiant p. et f. quod ego Q-ilbertus de Monemuta pro salute auime . et pro 
salute uxoris mee Berte et pro salute puerorum meorum et parentum meorum 
et amicorum meorum . eoncessi Sancte Marie etabbacie de Margan libertatem 
per terram meam ad emendum et vendendum quicquid eis placuerit libere et 
quiete absque omni teloneo et absque querola et absque omni consuetudine . de 



422 



hoc quod ad proprium dominimn illorum pertinet . et prohibeo super meum fore- 
factum ne aliquis presumat illos in aliquo vexare. Et ut ista libertas firma sit et 
stabilis . et ne ab successoribus meis in irritum revocari possit . hae presenti earta 
et signii mei attestacione Ulud confirmo. His testibus . Eoberto priore de 
MoNEMtJTA . Fratre RAnuLFO Pickard . Roberto de Albemara . Waltero de 
CoRMEiLLES . Jacobo de MoNEMCTA . WiLLELMO de Marisco . Domina Berta . 
Roberto de Alrara' juvene . Radulfo de Wisham . Roberto Cornou . 

GODARDO . HeRBERTO filio ReGINALDI . LUUERICO . RoBERTO filio MlALDE . 

et RoBERTO de Marisco qui hanc cartam fecit. 

Seal in uncoloured wax, varnished, 2iin. diam. Knight, ■ndth a long body, 
riding to the proper left. Legend gone. 

Endorsed — ' Quitautia . Gr . Munemutha.' 

(1) Probably a scribe's error for AlbemaKv. 

The Monmouths, Norman foUowers of Duke William. derived their surname from their principal fief, 
where they built ;i Castle. under which the surrounding inanors were held. 

Gilbert. the Itli Lord, flourished iu the reign of Richn rd I., and marrying Berta, was succeeded by John. 
his son. probably the grautor of the second charter of privileges. He held various posts under King John, 
and augmented his estates by those of his wife, Cccilia, daughter of William Waleraud. He died 1248. 
His son and successor, also John, was govemor of Striguil Castle, but is not known to have been 
connectcd citlier by kinship or property witli Glamorgan. He died 1257, and with him the name became 
extinct. and the estates were scattered. 

CCCCXXXIII 

CONFIRMATION BY GILBERT DE CLARE, EARL OF GLOU- 
CESTER OF THE POSSESSIONS OF ST. PETER'S ABBEY, 
GLOUCESTER. 

[Cartul"- S« Petri Glouc, Vol. II. p. 19.] 1226—1229. 

Universis sanctae inatris ecclesiai filiis Gillebertus de Clara conies Glou- 

CESTR13? et Hertfordi^, salutem. Sciatis me pro salute animee mese et oomitissBB 

Ys.vBELLyE uxoris mea), et omnium antecessorum meonmi, concessisse, et hao 

presenti curta mea confirmasse, Deo et ecolesise Sti. Petri Gloucestri.«;, et 



423 



monachis ibidem Deo servientibus, omnia tenementa tam ecclesiastica quam 
ssecularia quse habent de feodo meo in Honore Q-loucestri^, tam in Wallia quam 
in Anglia, in puram et perpetuam elemosinam ; tenenda et habenda ita libere et 
quiete, sicut ea liberius unquam tenuenmt, in pratis, in paseuis, in viis et semitis, 
in plano et bosco, et in omnibus aliis libertatibiis ; videlicet ecclesiam Sti. Michaelis 
de EwENNY, et ecclesiam Stse. Brigid>b, cum terris et deeimis et oranibus beneficiis 
quae ad illas pertinent, similiter ecclesiam Sti. Michaelis de Colwinestone cum 
terris et decimis quae ad illam pertinent, sicut in cartis Mauricii et Willelmi 
de Londonia continetur, item totam terram quam Willelmus de Corendone 
dedit prioratui de Ewenni ; item totam terram quam Stmon de Turbervilla et 
Gillebertus et Paganus de Turbervilla dederunt predicto prioratui, sicut in 
oartis eorum continetur ; et totam terram quam Gtaufridus de Causi dedit eidem 
prioratui ; item undecim acras prati quas Herebertus filius Hugonis dedit 
eidem prioratui ; et quatuor acras terre juxta rivulum Alune quas dedit Paganus 
Grossus ; et montem de feodo suo qui est inter montem de Ewenni et domum 
suam, oum om . al . pert . sicut in oartis eorum continetur ; item ecclesiam de Novo 
BuRGO cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus et redditibus et piscariis sicut, 
etc. ; item manerium de Traygof, quod est in oomitatu de Glamorgan quod 
ab antiquo tenuerunt et sicut antiquitus in tempore antecessorum meorum 
melius tenuenmt, cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis, etc. Item 
concessi dictis monachis GrLoucEsrRi.E, ^it tam ipsi quam monachi Sti. Q-uthlaci 
Herefordi^ sint liberi et quieti imperpetuum de theloneo et de omnibus quse 
ad siios proprios usus emerint vel vendiderint apud Bristolliam et Kayrdif, et 
NovuM Burgum, sicut in carta Willelmi comitis Gtlouckstri^ continetm-, etc. 
In hujus etc, etc. Hiis testibus. 

This is the earliest Charter granted by the first of the new dynasty. Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hereford 
by patent. and of Gloacester bv maternal desceut was married in 1217-18, and succeeded in 1226. He 
and his Countess Tsabel here confirm to Gloucester all their possessions in the Honour of Gloucester. 
whether in England or in Wales ; the Honour here evidently being supposed to iuclude the Lordahip. 
Most of the grants specified have been included in former comtirmations. 



424 



DESCENT OF THE LORDS OF GLAMORGAN. 



ROBERT FiTz-HAMON. + 11U7.=SVBILLA, (laughtcr of Bobeit de Belesme, Earl of ShrewBbur.v. 



Robert of Caen, Consul=1109=MabeI. 
of Glouoester. + 1147. I 



Hawise, Abbeas 
of WUton. 



Cecilia, Abbees 
of Sbaston. 



Earl of Bretagne.=Amicia. 



William,=;Hawise, tl. 



Karl of 

Gloucester. 
+ 1183. 



of Earl of 
Leicester. 



Almeric de Moutfort,=Mabel. 
Barl of Evreux, Earl 
of Gloacester. + C. 
1226, s.p. 



Ricliard ilc: 
Clare.Karlof 
Hertford. 
+ 1211. 



=Amicia. 



John, Earl=1189=l6abella=Geoffrey de=Hubertde 
of Moreton. + s.p. Magnaville, Burgh. 

EurlofGlou- Barl of 

cestcr, 1176. Essex. 

King. + 1216. 



I 
Gilbert, Earh 
of Gloucester 
andHertford 
+ 1313. 



Robcrt, B. Cardifr. 
+ v.p. 1166. 



Almei-ic, Earl of Gilbert,Earlof GIoucester=l3abella,daughter of Wm. 
Evreux. 8.p. .<ind Hertford. + 1230 ? 1 Matahall. Earl of Pem- 

I broke. 



Richard, Earl of Gloucester=Matilda, daughter of Lacy. 
and Hertford. +1262. 1 Barl of Lincolu. 



I 1 2 

Gilbert, Earl of Gloacestcr=Joan of Acre, daught£r of=Rfllph de Monthermer (Barl 



and Hertford. The Reil 
Earl. + 1295. 
1 



Edwarii I. + 1307. | Gloucester, vita uxoris). 

/\ 

3 



I 
Jolm de 

Olarc. 
+ v.p.B.p. 



:Matilda, 
dan. of 
John, Earl 
of Ulster. 
+ 1816? 



Hugh Ie=Eleauor de=William la 



Despeu- 



Olare. 
+ 1337. 



Zouch of 
Slortimer. 
+ 1336. 



Jolm de Burgh,; 
i^onof Richard. 
Earl of ristcr. 
+ 1313? 



I 
=Elizabetb de=Theobald, Lord 



Clare. de Verdon. Gaveston. 

B. 1291-2. 3rd Roger Lerd 
+ 1360. d'Amoric. 

+ 1321. 



Pier8=Margaret.; 



+ 16 E.l. 

m. 



I 



I 



Hugh le=Elizabeth. 
Despenser daughter of Despeuser. 
+ 3,p. Montacnte, 

1318. Earl of 

Sarum. 



Edward Ie=Ann, dau. of 
Ld. Ferrcrs. 



Hugh !a 
Zouch. 



William, 

3rd Earl of 

Ulst«r. 

+ 1313. 



Joau, s.p. 



:Hugb de 
Audley, 
Karlof 
Gloncester. 
+ 1S«. 

j 



Ralpli, Earl=Marg^Tet. 
of Staffor^. 



E<iwar(l ? 



Edward le Despeiiscr,; 

+ Llanblediliaii.. 

1376, 



rEliznbeth, dnnghtcr of Bartholomew 
de Burghersli. -+- 1409. 



l'liumas le Despeneer. Enrt: 
()f aioucestor. + 1400. 



iCoustanoo. dnughter of Kdmund 

of I^ngley. Duke of York. 

+ 1 Heuo' V. 



Richard,=:EIizabeth, daughtcr Elizabeth, 

+ 9.p. of Ralph, Earl of + Cardiff s.p. 

1414. Westmorcland. 



Hieliard Beauchamp,==IsftbeUft. B. Cardiff,=Ricliaril Beaucliamp, 
Earl of Worocater. UOO. Earl of VTarwirk. 

+ 1426. + 1189. 



Elizabeth. 
K.p. 



Henry. Earl and Duke, of=CeciIia, daughter of 
Wnrwick. + 1446. Uichard, Earl of 

Surum. 



c 



Richard Nevill, Earh 
of Sarnm. + 1471. 



:Aun, living 
6 Henry VII. 



Anu Beauchnmp. Oeorgc, Duko of OInrcuoc,=I>iHboIIa Xivill. Boni 

■+8.p. 1110. brothcr of Kdward IV. I 14J>1. Marrhd I4B9. 

+ 1477. 



Rdwan), Princoof Wales,- 

>ui\ of Heury VI. 

+ s.p. M71. 



I 
=Aun. + circi*=Uiehard, Duke of Glou- 
M»0. I cesUT. Bichard III. 

+ 1 1«.-.. 



Kdward. 
+ f.p. 14«9. 



Slr It PoIc.=Mnrgarct. 
I + IMl. 



Hdwarcl, l'rincoof Wulos. 
+ B.p. 1484. 



/\ 



425 



CCCCXXXIV. 

GEANT BY WELLIAM DE CORUNDONE TO THE MONKS OF 
NEATH OF A MEADOW AT BLUNTESTONE. 

[Makgam Charter.] 1226—1229. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus de Cokundone . pro salute 
anime mee et omniuni antecessorum et successoruni meorum dedi et concessi Deo 
et beate Marie et monachis de Neth totum pratum meum quod jacet inter 
terram Ricardi Le Mehi, et rivulum qui fluit a parte aquilonali prati illius 
versus Bluntestone . et inter pratum domini de Oggemore tam a parte occiden- 
tali quam a parte orientali . tenendum et habeDdum de me et heredibus m is in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam libere et quiete ab omni servitio et exactione 
seoulari et demanda. Et ego et heredes mei dictum pratum dictis monachis oontra 
omnes homines et feminas warontizabimus in perpetuum. Et ut hec mea donatio 
rata et stabilis permaneat . preseus scriptum oum sigilli mei appositione munivi. 
His testibus . Willelmo pincema et Ricardo hlio ejus . Michaele de 
WiNTONiA . RoGERO de Landiltwit . Clemente filio Magistri Mauritii . 

RoBERTO La WaRRE . NlCHOLAO BrACHAN. 

Eadorsed — 'Carta Willelmi de Cordune.' 

This granlor is probably identical with the William de Corendone uf the preceding Charter. 
The Oharter ia here printed for the first time, baTing been found \rrapped in a later charter at Margam 
after printing the fir8t series. 

ccccxxxv. 

MANDATE BT GILBERT, EARL OF GLOUCESTER, to the 
BAILIFF OF GLAMORGAN, TIIAT GILBERT DE TURBER- 
VILLE IS NOT TO MOLEST MARGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 1226 — 1229. 

Protectio G. de Clare de Forasteria. 
G. de Clare, comes de Glocestrie et Hertfordie baillivo de Glamargan, 
salutem. 

3 D 



426 



Maudamus tibi quatiuus non permittas Q-ilbertum <lo Turbervilla uec 
uUum alium inferre domui de Margan aliquam molestiam vel gravamen neque 
occasione forestarie nec alterius forinseci servioii . de tenementis que nos et ante- 
oessores nostri dedimus in perpetuam elemosinam predicte domui . quia volumus et 
precipimus ut omnia illa tenementa sint exforestata . et ab omni seculari servitio 
libera sicut ulla elemosina liberius teneri potest. Valete. 

CCCCXXXVI. 

CONFIRMATION BY GILBERT, EARL OF GLOUCESTER AND 
HEREFORD, OF VARIOUS GRANTS IN THE FEES OF 
KENFIG AND NEWCASTLE, TO MAROAiM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1226—1230. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Gilebertus de Clare 
oomes Gloucestrie et Hekfordie dedi et concessi et hac preseuti carta con- 
firmavi pro salute anime mee et patris mei et matris mee et omnium antecessorum 
et sucoessorum meorum . Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et perpetuam elemosinam has terras per divisas 
suas cum pertiaentiis siiis ui feodo de Kenef[bg] et iu feodo Novi Castelli. 
ScUicet totam terram Pectevini . et totam terram Hugonis de Hekefordia . et 
totam terram Wallensium' ■ pro qua reddere .'iolebant annuatim triginta duos 
solidos ballivis de Kenef[eg] . et totam moram de HAVEDHALOcinter duas aquas 
de Kenef[eg] et Bamhan . Et quiuquies vigiuti decem et septem aoras ten-e 
de dominico meuse mee in Novo Castello easdem scilioet quas tvntea tenuenint 
iu eodem feodo Novi Castelli . moram ad aqiulonarem partem montis qui 
dicitur Briddewdescastell' eandem scilioet moram quara antea tenuorunt . Et 
o.\ dono WiLLELMi de Ldndo»;' Egliskeinwer . et decem solidatos redilitus 
apud Makcros ox douo Philu'!'! de Marcros . ot ex douo Adk de Sumeri et 
lieiHdum ejus redditum viginti uu" .solidoruui aiuid Denispowvs . et qiuoquid 



427 



habent ex dono Henkici de TJmfravilla et herediim ejus apud Landmetjthin 
et Bradyngton. Quare volo quod prefati monachi habeant et teneant hec omnia 
libere et quiete integre et plenarie Lq bosco et plano in viis et semitis in aquis et 
molendinis in vivariis et stagnis in moris et mariscis in turbariis et piscariis in 
pratis et pasturis et omnibus aliis locis et rebus cmu omnibus libertatibus et liberis 
consuetudinibus suis. Hiis testibus etc. 

(1) • Wasaulium,' MSS. 

See under A.D. 1.S38 for an inspeximua of this deed when in a fovm dealing with ampler propertiea ; and 
Birch. Hht. af Margam Abbey, pp. 23G, 237. 

CCCOXXXVII. 
EELEASE BY JOHN LE NOEEETS TO THE ABBOT OF 
MAEOAM OF A VOUCHEE TO WAEEANTY FOE LAND 
IN BOVEVILESTONE, IN THE TIME OF ABBOT GILBEET. 
[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 38.] 1226—1229. 

Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris . Ego Johannes le Norreys miles 
salutem. 

Noverit imiversitas vestra quod cum Johannes filius Henrici de Boneyile 
petebat versus me quinquaginta acras terre . et octo acras prati cum pertinentiis 
in Bonevilistone . ut jus suum per breve domini Gilleberti de Clare comitis 
Gloucestsie et Hertfordie in comitatu de Kerdif . Et ego Johannes de terris 
et tenementis versus me petitis vocavi ad warantum G-illebertum abbatem de 
Margan qui mihi in eadem cmia v?arantizavit per formam cujusdam seripti inter 
prefatum abbatem et me prius confeeti. Qua quidem forma wlt (vult) . quod si pre- 
fatus abbas per warantiam suam prefata tenementa versus prefatum Johannem 
petentem amiserit . quod nichil capiam pro valeucia terre predicte . nec prati predicti 
nisi unum par calcarium deauratorum preeii sex denariorum . vel sex denarios . 
Et hanc formam warantie pro me et heredibus meis coneessi et ratificavi . Et ego 
Johannes le NoRREYS post predictam warantiam mihi a prefato Gilleberto 



428 



abbate factam versus prefatum Johannem de Bonevile obligo me fide media 
quod omnimodas expensas quas prefatus abbas occasione predicti placiti fecerit de 
die in diem acquietare . aut sibi teueri in puro debito pro prefatis expensis in 
decem libris sterlingorum . Et preterea pro me et heredibus meis prefato G-ille- 
BERTO abbati de Margan et omnibus successoribus suis . et ecclesie sue beate 
Marie de Margan . per istud meum scriptimi onmimodam warantiam versus 
quenquam si de cetero implacitati fuerimus . relaxo et quietum clamo in per- 
petumu. Ita quod decetero ego Johannes le Norreys nec heredes mei cum 
implacitati fuerimus ab aliquo vel ab aliqua . prefatum Gillebertum abbatem . 
nec aliquem abbatem sucoessorem suum in altero placito de prefatis tenementis 
vocare possumus ad warantum . nec nobis decetero tenentur ad warantizandum. 
In cujus rei testimonium huic soripto sigillum meum apposui. 

Round seal, green wax, imperfect, g^in. diam. A shield of ai-ms : a eross fleury 
between four billets, for Norreys. 

' DNI lOHANNIS ' 

Dnfler the flap of this deeii is tln' followmg Wclsh triplet in a contemporary h:inc1 : — 

' Eiri mynyd guynt am bert 
Cans creaudur nem am uert 
Ai cyscy a una Gnruert.' 
In Englinh — ' Snow of (on) the mountains ; 
Winrt round the Inisli ; 

For the Creator of lieaveu (is) my strength. 
Is Gwrnerth .aalecp.' 
The verse is the first of a dialogue in triplets between Llywelyu :vnd hisBon Gwrnerth, tlie two Saiuts of 
Welslipool. For the poeni. and translation by Canou .Silvan Bvvins, sce Skene's Four Aucient Books of 
Wales. 

OCCCXXXVIIl. 
CONFIRMATION BY (iHLBERT DE CLARE, EARL OF GLOU- 
CESTER AND HERTFORD. OF THE QRANT OF HEVED- 
HALOC BY MORGAN AP OWEN, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1226—1230. 

CoNFIHMATlO G. UE ClARE T)E HaVODIIALOCH. 

Gilbertus de Clare comes Glocestrie . ot Hertfordie . omnibus hominibus 
et amicis suis Baluteni. 



429 



Noveritis nos pro salute a. n. et a. et s. n. concessisse et h. c. n. confirmasse D. 
et ec. B. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. donationem terre de Hevedhaloc . eum 
onmibus pertinentiis suis quas eis feoit Morganus fili\is Ovteni . in perpetuam 
elemosinam. Quare volumus et precipimua ut prefati monachi habeant et teneant 
libere . integre . et pacifice predictam terram cum pertinenciis suis in omnibus 
locis et rebus per omnia . sicut carta predicti Morgani . quam inde habent 
testatur. 

Hiis testibus. 

The original grant by Morgan ap Oenon vvas includeci in the conrirmation liy King .lolin in I205. 
No. CCLXXXVII. 

CCCCXXXIX. 

CONFIRMATION BY GILBERT DE CLARE, EARL OF GLOU- 
CESTER AND HERTFORD, OF A MOOR BETWBEN BAITHAN 
AND GUTHELEXDELAKE. TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1226—1230. 

Carta Gr. DE Clare de mora que jacet inter aliam moram quam 

NOBIS DEDIT ET AQUAM DE BaITHAN. 

GiLBERTUs de Clare comes G-locestrie [et] Hertford omnibus hominibus 
et amicis suis salutem. 

Noveritis nos dedisse et concessisse et hae carta nOstra confirmasse pro salute 
anime nostre et anteeessorum et successorum nostrorum D. et ec. S. M. de 
Margan . et m. i. D. s. totam moram que jacet inter aliam moram quam eis 
antea inoartavimus . et aquam de Baithax sicut aqua de Baithan ab oecidente . 
et rivulus qui dicitux Q-uthelenuelake ab oriente descendimt de Treykic . 
usque iu Hollake . ut habeant et teneant predictam moram de nobis et heredibus 
nostris in perpetuam elemosinam libere . plenarie . pacifice . et quiete . sicut uUa 
elemosina liberius et melius potest haberi. Et nos et heredes nostri hanc dona- 
tionem eis warantizabimus in perpetuum contra omnes homines. 



430 



CCCCXL. 

CHARTER OF HENRY III. TO THE BUEGESSES OF SWANSEA. 

[Margam Charter.] 

8 March. IOth Year. A.D. 122«. 

Henricus Dei gratia E.ex Anglie Domimis Hiberkie Dux Normannie 
Aquitanie et eomes Andegavie archiepiscopis episcopis abbatibus prioribus 
comitibus baronibus justiciariis vicecomitibus prepositis ministris et omiiibus 
ballivis et fidelibus suis salutem. 

Sciatis nos coneessisse et hao charta nostra eonfirmasse burgensibus nostris de 
Swenishie quod eant et veniant per totam terram nostram cum omnibus 
mercaudisis suis emendo et vendendo et negotiaudo bene et iu pace libere et 
quiete et honorifice et quod quieti sint de theloneo passagio pontagio staUagio et 
lestagio et omnibus aliis consuetudinibus . salvis in omnibus liberiatibus eivitatis 
nostre Londonie. Quare volumus et firmiter preeipimus quod predicti burgenses 
nostri de Swenisheie et heredes eorum quieti siiit iu perpetumu de iiobis et 
heredibus nostris per totam teiTam nostram de omnibus predictis consuetudinibus 
et eant per totam terram nostram emendo et vendendo et negotiando sicut 
predictum est et sicut carta sive privilogiimi' patris nostri, quam predicti 
burgeuses inde habent rationabiliter testatm-. 

Hiis testibus . venerabili patre P[etro] Wyntoniensi episcopo . Stephano de 
Sbgrave justiciario Anglie . Johanne de Lacy comite Lincolniensi et 
constabulario de Cestrie . Willelmo comite Aubemarlie . Godefkido de 
Crawcumbe . Galerido dispensario . Bartholomeo Peche . Johanne de 
Plesseto . et aliis. 

Datimi jier manum venerabilis patris Radilphi Cycestrensis episcopi et 
cancellarii nostri . Ajiud Northami>ton octavo die Marcii . Anno regni nostri 
decimo. 

( 1 ) ' suis per logis ' in the copy. 
The above is from a vellum transcript of the original dced, apparentlj- 16th ccutury writir.g. 



431 



CCCCXLI. 

GRANT BY HERBERT SCURLARGE OF LAND NBAR THE 
SPRING OF ULF, TO MARaAM ABBEY. 
[Marg.\m Charter.] 
Sciant omnes presentes et f utiiri quod ego Herbertus Scurlarge dedi concessi 
et hao presenti carta mea eonfirmavi Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Morgan et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
totam terram que jacet inter via que vadit ad montana per fontem TJlfi sicut 
aqua descendit ab eadem via per australem partem usque ad viam que asoendit 
ad montana. Et similiter totam terram viciniorem illi vie usque ad aquam in 
parte orientali . Et inde siout rufilus' venit per Sliddrigge Putte et descendit 
in transverso iUius vie parte boriali . Et inde linea recta per montem inter 
Eusselve Putte et Castelstude . Et iude ad Coytsays^ usque ad viam sub 
fonte Cadoci in parte ooeidentali. Coneedo etiam eis pascua omnia per totam 
terram meam preter segetes et prata. Haue donacionem feci eis quietam ab omni 
sei-vicio et seculari exaccioiie. Hiis testibus. 

(1) i.e., rivulus- (2) i.e . the wooj of Says, which appears to be a surname. 

CCCCXLII. 

GRANT BY HERBERT S(JURLAG OF HIS RIGHT IN THE 
CHURCH OF LANGEWI, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant omnes presentes et posteri . quod ego Herebertls Schrlag' couoessi 
abbati et monachis de Margan omne jus donationis quod habui in ecclesia de 
Langewi . in perpetuam elemosinam . pro anima patris mei et matris mee . et 
pro animabus antecessorum meomin . W. Scurlag' . et alteriu.s W. Scurlag' . 
quibus in hano hereditatem successi' [djonatione. 

Entitled — ' Carta H. Scurlag de jiu-e donationis ecclesie de Langewi.' 

(1) Krased in the IISS. 



432 



ccccxliii. 

grant'by milo son of john kair or cairus of land 
adjacent to that of hekbert scurlage, to mar- 
gam abbey. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 20.] 

Omuibus Siiucte matris eccdesie filiis presentibus et futuris Milo filius Johannis 
Kair salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac karta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Margan et monacliis ibidem Deo servientibus omnem terram meam 
que est ad occidentem laci et tendit usque ad terminos terre Herberti Scurlage 
in elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni secnilari servitio et consuetudine et 
omni exactione sicut uUa elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et super sanctas 
reliquias juravi quod lianc conventionem eis integram illibatamque servabo. 
Quod si eis hanc; terrani warentizare non pntero dabo eis tantum terre de libero 
tenemento meo quod de Novo Castello teneo. Et hoc totum feci pro anima 
patris mei et antecessorum meorum. His testibus . Worgano fratre meo . 
Helia Flemenc et Willelmo filio ejus . Rioardo capellano . DAvin Scrip- 

TORE . HlAGO. 

Fine round seal, red wax, l^in. diam. A fleiu-de-lis of elaborate design. 
Legend — ' + sigil' : milonis : cairus.' 
Endorsed — ' Mih)nis filii Johannis Kair.' 

Thc copy in thc (.'harter roll presentB two <»' tlirct* niiiniporlant verb;il differences. 

CCCCXLIV. 

GILBERT DE CLARE, EARL OF GLOUCESTER AND HERTFORD, 
CONCERNING THE COMING OF AGE OF DAVID ESCURLAG. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 37.] 
Gr. de Clara conies Gloucestrik et Hertfokdik omnibus amicis et hominibus 
suis sahitem. 



433 



Sciatis quod sicut per veredictum quoiTindam amicorum et fidelium nostronim 
in fide quam nobis debeut et super juramentum suum uobis datum est intelligi 
David Esctjrlag fuit plenarie etatis et de terra sua saisitus per judicium Curie 
de Kaeedif tempore qvio convenciones facte fxierunt uiter ipsum et domum de 
Margan de terra quam habuit in feodo de Langewt et bene ante illud recognita 
fuit eidem David etas sua iu pleno Comitatu de Kaerdif scilicet quando 
dirationavit terram prediotam contra Reimundum fratrem suum bastardum in 
Comitatu de Kaerdif et bene sciimt quod predicte eonvenciones inter eundem 
Da^id et domum de Margan facte rationabiles sunt. Nomina eorum per quos 
ista cognovimus sunt . Dominvis Henricus Landavensis episcopus . magister N. 
GoBiuN canonicus ecclesie Landavensis Petrus Pincerna miles . Willelmus 
de SuMERY miles . Willelmus de Eeigny . Willelmus de Cantilupe . 
EoGERUs de Gloucestria . Richard le Norreis . magister Radulphus 
Mailoc . Mauricius de Cantilupo . Robertus Sanson et quidam alii. 

A fragment of the Eai-rs equestrian seal. On the reverse a small coimterseal, 
a shield of arms, three chevrons for Clare. 

Legend — ' sigil de clara.' 

Gilberd de Clare was Earl 1226 — 1229. The Gloitcesters were very iiuijortant pereons at, or very soon 
after, the conquest of Fitz Hamon. Milo de Gloucester, about 1102. acted as a witness in the concord 
between Bishop Urban and the Earl. and was one of the Magnates rebuked by the Pope in 1128. Hugh 
de Gloucester was a donor to Tewkesbury, temp. Bishop Nicholas. Roger de Gloucester by Add. Charter, 
24,2ti6, Brit. Mus. e.d. confirmed to Owen, the Priest of St. JlichaeFs or Michaelston, thegift of Galfrid, his 
father, of land on the Keunow and Brenyow, near Wrenchester and Michaelston, and in 1262, Walter de 
Glouceater held lialf a fee in Wrenohester, yielding 100 marcs, and was a freqaent witness to the 
purchases of land in those parts by the de Eegny's. Anotlier Walter de Gloucester was "Escsetor 
Begis ultra Trentam," 29-.S.5 Edvvard I. The foUowing fragment of a pedigree has been preserved : — 



I I 

Walter de Gloucester. de Mara.^=A sister. 



Pagan Fit2 John.=SibiIIa. Milo de Gloucester.=SibUla. William de Mara. 

Cecilia, elder daughter and co-heiress.=Roger de Gloucester. 
Married before 1136. 

Henry de Abergavennj-, Bishop 1191—1218. Thewitnesses were a!l, save, perhaps, Sanson, persons of 
consideration connected with the Lordship, whose n;imes appear iu sevcral other Charters. A Robert 
Samson occurs as a witness in No. CCXXXL But Sanson may )ie Samson de Allweia,Lordof St. Donats. 

3 E 



434 



Sir Ralph Maelog or Mayloc. Lord of Llrstalybont, a mauor by CardifE in Gibwr Hundred, was father 
of Maud, who married Einon ap Cadogan. 

3ir William Maelog, temp. Henry III., Lord of Llystalybont, Wysam and Maelog's fee, iuarried liis cousin, 
a daughter of Ehy.? ap Griflith ap Ivor Bach, and had — 1, a daughter, married Llewelyu ap Cynrrig ; 2, a 
daughter, married Howell ap Cynvrig Madoc ; 3, Ann or Envin, married 8ir Gwrgi le &rand or Grant. 

Ralph Maelog, 17 Edward 11., married Gwirvil, daughter of Llewellyn, aud had — 1. William Maylog, 
Lord of Littlebone [Llystalybont] temp. Edward III. ; and 2, Roger Maylog. 

Maeloc, married Joan, daughter and heiress of Thomas le Eyre, by Margaret. daughter of 

David Cautelupe. They had — 1, Richard ; 2, William ; 3, Gilbert. 

Eichard Maeloc, married Alson, daughter of Berkurolles, aud had Roger Maeloc, married 

Margaret, daiighter of John Dawbeny, and had — 

Joau Maeloc, daughter and heiress, married William Chicheley. 

There was a Philip Maelog, temp. Henry VI. The f oUowing particulars are supported by better cvidence : — 

Magister Radulphus Maylock, or Maelog, was an ecclesiastic and a member ot a family who appear in 
the early records of the county, aud were estaut as late as the reigii of Heury VI. As Magister Rafe 
Mailoc, h-5 tested a Oharter Vjy Isabel, Countess of Gloucester aud Essex [N. Mon. iv., 634], andan Umfra- 
villeCharter of 1217 [75 D. 14]. His name also appears in the Annalsq/' rewte-jBry asholding theChurch 
of Llanblethian appareutly in farm. He died 2nd Juue, 1231, aud about the 15th September followiug, the 
Bishop of Llandaif, Thomas, Deau of Hereford, Peter, Abbot of Tewkesbury, Maurice, Aixhdeacon of 
Llandaff, the Rector of Thorubury, and others, met at Striguil to dispose of the Church of Llanblethiau. 
The result was the sending of Eustace, a Tewkesbury mouk, to take seiziu of the Churcli. Ou his arrival 
the keys were removed to the liills, aud be could ouly take seizin of the porch, and protest agaiust those 
who opposed the rights of his convent. contirmed by tlie Bishop of Llandaff. 

So little effect had this in hi.^ favour tliat tlie people stopped him ou the highway aud held him three 
days in thehills. Upon which Bisliop Elias excommunicated all and sundry iu full chapter. aud presented 
his senteuce to the Justiciar Hubert de Burgh. Further. tlie Abbot of Tewkesbury excoramunicated 
J. Graut. with his accomplioes, who did the deed 

How the matter was theu settled does not appear. Probably hy the continuance of the Mayloc interest, 
for 2oth July, 1242, during a Welsh riot in the county, the Abbot of Tewkesbury went to Llanblethian to 
receive the ' miasion' of that church, under the mandate of thc Prior of Wiuchcombe. sub-delegate from 
the Pope, on account of the deprivation of Roger Mayloc, upon liis nou-payment for the farm of the 
Church. But the Archdeacon of LlandaSE. sede vacante, had put in Thomas Pennarth, which could uot be 
allowed. On this Thomas resigned the vicarage, and was agaiu preseuted by the Abbot, with all the 
euioluments save tythe sh&ives, and did homage. Mayloc theu petitioned to hold the Churcli to farm, aahe 
had held it, but the Abbot refuscd tliis, and in the court at Cardifi' declarcd that if heor his suffered injury 
he should impute it to Mayloc. 

Finally, however, ou the petition of Rhys, Roger's uncle, and of others, Roger was allowed five marcs 
per annum. He was dissatisfied with this, and an extra marc added to it, at the instance of Richard de 
Clare, who gave him letters of defence to the Sheriffi. 

The contuniacious Roger Mayloc entereil the beuefice, seized tlie \vlie:it, ground it. and carried it off, 
adding divers threats against the Tewkesbury monks, and, iu short, made bimself so obnoxious that the 
Abbot had to buy him off witli twelve marcs per annum uutil he shonld obtaiu a benefice. The pro- 
ceedings must have beeu rapid, for the Abbot's first visit wa^ raade 26th July,and 8th Sept.Thomas, vicar 
of Llanblethian, had his deeds sealed, and did Iiomage. 



435 



Little more is certainly known of the Jlailoc fainily beyond Ralph, who tested a Bonville Chiirter about 
1260 [76 B. 17], and appears to have been an ecclesiastic, aad Bhys in one generation, and Roger in 
another. ■William Maylocke, no doubt of the same family, appeara in the Extent of 1264 as holding half a 
fee ' in capella valet xx. solidos,' and is, therefore, probably the ancestor of WiUiam Maylocke, who at 
the survey of 1320 held half a fee as Lord of Llysialybout by Cardiff. There is a mountain called 
Garth-Mailoc nenr Llantrissant, perhnps connected with this family. 



CCCCXLV. 
GEANT BT GILBERT, EARL OF GLOUCESTER AND HERTFORD, 
OF THE MOOR OUTSIDE THE NEW WOOD AT CARDIFF, 
BETWEEN THE RIVERS TAFF AND ELY, TO MARGAM 
ABBET. 

[M.\RGASI ChARTER.] 

Gr. de Clare comes Gtloecestrie et Hertfordie . omnibus hominibus suis 
salutem. 

Noveritis nos dedisse et hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse D. et e. B. M. de 
M.VRGAN et m. i. D. s. in puram et peqjetuam elemosinam totam moram uostram 
que jaeet extra novam waldam de Kaerdif . sciHeet inter waldam et mare et TWv<5 -^ - . 
inter Thaf et Eley. Preterea dedimus prefatis monachis in puram et perpetuam '^ ^"^ -'^ 
elemosinam x. acras ten-e iufra novam waldam nostram ad beroariam sibi cou- 
struendam. Et nos et heredes nostri hee hanc uostram donacionem eisdem 
monachis contra onmes homines warantizabimus in perpetuum. Et habebimt 
ipsi et animaha eorum liberum et rationabilem ingi-essum et egi-essum per 
terram nostram ad usus predicte terre. Hiis testibus. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Gr. de Clare . de mora extra novam waldam de Cardif . et 
de X. acris terre ' 



i,e. ^c 



436 



CCCCXLVI. 

CONFIRMATION BY DAVID SCURLAG OF GRANTS OF LAND IN 
THE FEE OF LANGEWI TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant onmes preseutes et futiu-i quod ego David Scurlag . consilio et 
consensu amicorum meorum pro salute anime mee et antecessorum meorura 
concessi et hae presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecelesie beate Marie de 
Margan . et monachis ihidem [Deo] ser%'ientibus iu piu-am et peqietuam 
elemosinam iUas xxiiu. acras terre quas tenent de monaehis de Eweni . in feudo 
[de] Langewi . Et vi. acras quas tenent de hospitalariis in eodem feudo. Hiis 
testihus. 

Entitled — ' Confii-matio David Sciu^lao" de eodem.' 



CCCCXLVII. 

CONFIRMATION BY DAVID SCURLAGE OF THE LAND OF 
PENVAIN [? PENVEY] WHICH THE ABBEY HELD OF 
WALTER LUUEL FOR FIVE SHILLINGS TO MARGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant omnes p. et L quod ego D.avid St;uRi,AGE . concessi et hac carta mea 
confirmavi Deo et ecclesie B. M. de Margan . et m. i. D. s. pro salute anime mee 
et anteeessonmi meorimi ten'am illam de Penuain . quam prenominati monachi 
tenent de W.^vi.tero Luuel et heredihus suis reddendo eis anmiatim quinque 
solidos pro omui serviiao. Quam scilicet terram predictus Walterus Luuei, 
recepit in maritagiura cuni uxoro sua sorore mea. Hiis testihus . Willelmo de 
Acra tunc vicecomite de Glamorgan . magistro llAinrLPHo MAVLOt- . Waltero 



437 



LuuEL . RoBERTO Sampsone . Stephano clerico de Kenefeg' . Eicardo filio 
8UO . Wasmeko . Thoma Albo . WiLLELMO LuuEL . et inultis aliis. 

Seal ia dark green wax, slightly poiuted oval, IJiu. bj' l|in. Impression of 
an antique oval gem, en cabochon : a winged Eros, holding a chaplet. 

' + SIGILl' . DI). . SCURLAG.' 

Endorsed — * Confirmatio Dd. Sourlag' de o. acris quas tenemus de W. Lufel.' 



CCCCXLVIII. 

GRANT BY DAVID SCURLAG OF THE CHURCH OF LANGEWI 

TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant tam presentes quam futim quod ego . Da^id Scurlag filius H. 

ScuRLAG . dedi et hac carta confirmavi [convenjtui de M.\rgan in 

perpetuam elemosiuam omne jus donationis quod habui in ecclesia de 

Langeavi . pro [animabus] patris mei et matris mee . et antecessorum et suc- 
cessoriim meonim iu perpetuum. Testibus. 



CCCCXLIX. 

GRANT BY GILBERT DE THORBERWILE TO MARCAM ABBEY 
OF HIS RIGHT TO LAND IN EGLESKEYNWIR. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 D. 12.] 

Seiant' presentes et futuri quod ego Gtilbertus de Thorberwile . mera et 
spontanea voluntate . remisi . et quietum clamavi . et presenti scripto premissa 
confirmavi . pro salute aninie mee . et omnium antecessorum . et successorum 
meorum . Deo et ecclesie beate Marie <le Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus . totimi jus et clamium . quod habiu . vel habere potui . vel dicebam 



438 



nie habere . in terra de Egleskeykwir . vel in communa pastura ejusdem . vel 
in aliquia alia re . que ad diotimi tenementmu pertinet. Ita quod dicti monaehi . 
habeant . et teneant . totum dictum tenementum . cnm om7iibus pertinentiis suis . 
libere . et qiiiete . bene . et pacifice . lu bosco . et plano . pratis . et pasturis . pro 
me et heredibus omnibus . et successoribus et hominibus meis iuperpetuum . sicut 
ulla elemosina . vel ullum tenementvmi . liberiiLs . et quietius . et melius . haberi 
potest vel teneri. Et ne premissa convelli valeant . set fii-mitatis robiir optineant 
inpeq>etuum . presentem cartam sigilli mei inpressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . 
domiuo David iScorlag . domino Willelmo de Eeynny . Petro Pincern.a . 
timc ^-icecomite de Kerdif . Waltero de Sulye . Willelmo de Clived' . 
Radulpho de Novo Castro . Johele de Aberenchawe . Hatmundo de 
Hasweye . et midtis aliis. 

Round seal, green wax, ^iu. diam. A sliield of arms, beaxings indistinct. 

' + lE . SUI : SEL . DE . AMOR . LEL:' 

Eudorsed — ' Oarta Grilberti de Torberwile . de ten-a de Egeleskenwir.' 

(I) Oruamental handwritinf;. 

CCCCL. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY HENRY, SON OF DAYID SCURLAO, OF THE 
FEE OF LANGEWY, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi fidelibus p. et. f. presens scriptum v. vel a. Henricus 
ScuRLAG filius Da^'id Scurlag salutem in Domino sempiternam. 

Sciatis me cousilio et eonsensu Margikie uxoris mee et heredum meonmi 
ceterorumque amicorum meorum concessisse confirmasse et hac presenti carta mea 
quietum clamasse pro me et heredibus meis et suocessoribus meis in perpetuum 
Deo et ecclesie B. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. totum jus meum et clamium 
quod habui vel liabere potero seu ego vel aliquis heredum meorum aut alii (s/r) 



439 



mihi quoquo modo succedentium habere poterint in tota terra de feodo de 
Lange\py quam omnes antecessores mei dedenmt et concesserunt predictis 
monachis oum omnibus pertinenciis et aisiamentis suis et totixm jus et clamium 
quod in predicta terra aliquo jure casu lege vel eventu mihi vel heredibus meis 
vel assignatis accrescere vel evenire poterit ex post facto predictis monachis 
remisi et per presens scriptimi quietum clamavi imperpetuum. Habendum et 
tenendum de me et heredibus meis libere et quiete integre bene et pacifice. Ita 
quod nec ego nec heredes mei nec aliquis pro me vel per me jus vel clamium in 
dicta terra cum pertinenciis decetero poterimus exigere vel ciamare. Salvo 
annuo redditu meo quem mihi et heredibus meis singulis annis ad festum B. 
MicHAELis archangeli dicti monachi solvere tenentur . videlicet triginta quinque 
solidos sterlingorum. Pro hac autem mea coneessione remissione et presentis 
carto mee confirmacione ac omnimoda quieta clamatione facta pro me et 
heredibus meis de toto feodo predicto ad autecessores meos quondam pertinente 
dederunt michi predicti monachi in mea urgenti necessitate novem libras et 
decem solidos sterlingorum et unum iJuUanum. Et ego dictus Henricus et 
heredes mei totam dictam terram cum omnibus pertinenciis et aisiamentis suis 
dictis monachis et eorum successoribus in monasterio de Margan Deo servien- 
tibus et servituris contra omnes homines et feminas imperpetuum warantizabimus 
et defendemus. Et ut hec mea concessio confirmacio remissio et quieta clamacio 
rata stabilis et inconcussa impei-petuum perseveret . presens scriptum sigilli mei 
impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . domino Willelmo de Brewise . domino 
Philippo de Nerbert . domino Johanne le Norreys . domino Johanne 
Walense . domino Ricardo le Flemmeng . militibus . magisti'o Mauricio 
Grifith . magistro Henrico Gtrifith . Mauricio de Cornely . et multis aliis. 

A lump seal in greeu wax, |in. diam. A small shield charged with three 
estoiles, two and one. 

Legend — ' + s' henrici scurlag.' 

Endorsed — ' Relaxatio Henrici le Scurlage de Langewith.' 



440 



CCCCLI. 

CONFIRMATION BY HENRY, ABBOT OF ST. BETEirS, GLOU- 
CESTEll, OF THE LAND OF WILLIAM SCURLAGE IN 
LANDGEWI, FOR TWO SHILLINGS ANNUAL RENT, TO 
MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant presentes et futuri . quod ego Henricus Dei gratia abbas Sancti Pexri . 
G-LOUCESTRiE et ejusdem loci conventus . concessimus et hac carta nostra 
confirmavimus venerabilibus fratribus et aniicis nostiis . abbati et eonventui de 
Margan . teiTam illam in feudo de Landgewi . quani Willelmus Scurlage . 
dedit ecclesie Sancti Michaelis de Eweni . ut haboant monachi de Margan . 
predictam terram cimi omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis suis . liberam et 
quietam ab omni servitio . consuetudine . et exactione . reddendo inde annuatim 
duos solidos solmnmodo . ecolesie Sancti Michaelis de Eweni . ad terminum 
Pasche. Et nos predictam teiTam prefatis monaohis . contra omnes homines 
■warantizabimus in perpetuum. In hujus rei testimonium presens scriptum in 
modtmi cyrographi . confecimus. Cujus imam partem sigiUo ecclesie nostre 
munitam . predictis abbati et conventui de Margan tradidimua. Alteram vero 
pai-tem sigillo ejusdem abbatis et conventus de Margan roboratam . penes nos 
retinuimus. Hiis testibus . Adam priore . Thoma suppriore . David tunc priore 

de EwENI . GlLLEBERTO dc LeDEBIRIA . GlLLKBERTO de TuRBERVILLA . 

Waltero Luvel . Stephano clerico . Adam Wallense . et multis aliis. , 

Seal and oounterseal of Gloucester Abbey, as before. 

Endorsed — ' Carta abbatis Gloucestrie de terra apud Langewi.' 

The word cyrographum is cut thr.iugh at the top of this indented deed. 

In another copy of this deed iu the same coUection, for the above witnesses is 
substituted ' Johanne capellano de Ewkni et multis aliis,' and Scurlage is spelt 

' ScURI.AGGE.' 



441 



CCCCLII. 

HENET DE HUMFEANYILLA, GEANTS TO BEIFIN, SON OF 
UEBAN, LAND ON THE EOAD BETWEEN LANDKAEVAN 
AND LLANTWIT. 

[Hodgson's Northumb. I. Part II. p. 10.] 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Henricus de Humfranvilla dedi et 
concessi Brifino filio Urbani archidiaconi xx. acras terre quas idem Urbanus 
pater suus de me tenuit juxta enieem que sita est in via que tendit de L.a.ndkar- 
van ad Landiltit inter duas vaUes a magna via usque in aquam de Karvan et 
imam aoram terre et dimidium ad aumentum que jacet inter latum fontem et 
vadum Kilwent in longum Ka.rvan juxta Seiueslad sibi et heredibus suis 
tenendas de me et heredibus meis libere quiete et integre. Eeddendo mihi vel 
heredibus meis singulis anuis duos solidos ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro onmi 
servicio consuetudine et ["ex]actione. Et ut mea donatio robur perpetue firmitatis 
optineat eam sigUli mei inpressione et testium inscriptione communivi. Hiis 
testibus . Eeimundo de Sulie . Willelmo de Eeigni . M.^i.uRicio de Cantil[upo] . 
magistro Eadulpho Mailoc . Eoberto Samson . Thoma de Bodic' . Ada 
Andelin . EoGERo filio Enegra' . Henrico de Bodic' . Henrico capeUano . 
Balf' capeUano et miUtis aUis. 

Seal, a six-leaved flower. 

' -|- SECRETUM . HENRICI.' 

Urban vvas a common name at LlandaS — one Urban Ai-cbdeaeon became Bishop in 1108 ; a second was 
Archdeacon from 1139 till about 1171, and here is a third, also Archdeacon and like the second, omitted 
by Le Neve, but who must have been in office between 1187 and 1202. 

Archdeacon Urban seems to have been married, as -.vas sometimes the case at this period with the clergy. 
how the son comes to be Brifinus is not known. There was a family named Llancarvan of which the Arch- 
deacon may have beena member. Aqua de Carvan and Nantcarvan are the river Carvan. The road theuce 
to Llantwit passes to Payn's Cross, and lies between the Valleys of the Carvan and the Tawe. The Fords 
of Kilwent and Seiueslad have not been identified ; Bodic' aud the names followiaj^ are unknown. 
Aumentum is a form of Augmeutum, ' in addition.' 



3f 



442 



CCCCLIII. 

GRANT BY HENRY DE TJMFRAMVILLE, JTJNIOR, TO MARGAM 
ABBEY OF THE WHOLE LAND OF BRADINOTON, FOR 
A RENT OF 23s. 4d., Etc. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omuibus s. e. f. p. et f. Henricus de Umframvill' salutem. 

Soiatis me eonsilio amicorum meorum concessisse . et dedisse . et hac carta mea 
confimiasse D. et e. S. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. iu elemosinam totam terram de 
Bradingtona cum omnibus pertinentiis suis . ut habeant eam et teneant libere 
et quiete ab omni servicio seculari . reddendo mihi . et heredibus meis annuatim . 
pro omni servicio viginti ties solidos et quatuor denarios ad duos terminos . scilicet 
undecim solidos et octo denarios ad Passca et alios undecim solidos et octo denarios 
ad festum Sancti Michaelis. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus eis hauc 
donacionem secundum nostrum racionabile posse contra omnes homines . ita tamen 
quod predictis mouachis predictam terram uon dabimus neque catellum pro esscam- 
bio. Et si fnrte aliquis potuerit aliquando predictam terram dii'acionare . ego vel 
heredes mei uuarantizabimus eis vesturam illius anni quo f uerit dii-aeionata . simul 
cum uuareto . Preterea concessi eis et confirmavi omues douacioues et confirmaciones 
patris mei sicut carte ipsius testautur . et terram quam Huoo de Landch.\ritan 
et Gerebertus frater suus eis dedenmt . et alias donaciones liberorum hominum 
meorum racionabiliter factas sicut carte eorum testantiu'. Hiis testibus . Audoeno 
tunc Decano . magistro Radulpho Mayloch canonico Landavense . Willelmo 
de Renny . Raimundo de Sullia . David de Burhull' tunc vicecomite de 

KaEKDIF . ROBERTO SaMPSOn' . WlLLELMO de LlCHEFELD . NlCHOLAO et 

Waltero monachis de Margan . Gaufrido monacho do Neht . et raultis aliis. 

Seal in dark green wax, lin. diam. Device, a flower of seven leaves displayed. 

Legend — ' + secretum . henrici.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Henrici de TJmfi-amvill' Junioris de tota teira de Brad- 
ingtune.' 



443 



There are several Charters granting or confirming grants to Jlargam of land in and about Llanveitliin 
or Llanmeuthin ; mention is made in them of Gilbert and Nest his wife. Henry his eon and Sibilla his 
wif e ; also we have Gerebert son of Robert, an Umfraville tenant, aud his brothers Adam and Jordan, and 
Hngh, probably a deceased elder brother, and no doubt the Hugh de Llancarvan, whose donatiou of thirty 
acres is mentioned in King John"s Charter of 1200. As Henry, Bishop of Llandaff, who confirms the 
donations, wafc promoted from the priory of Abergavenny, and consecrated before 1196, tiiis givcs aboul 
1190—1205 aa the date of these Cliarters. 

The Humfranvilles were lords of Penmark, where the ruins of their castle still remain. 

Gilbert de Humfranville gave land at Aisse, now Nash, co. Somerset, worth 31s. per annum, to Tewkes- 
bury Abbey for the soul of his wife, and 1 104 he was a witness to an apportionmeut of the Abbey revenues. 
[N. Mon. n., 66, 81.] 

He was, it is believed, succeeded by Eobert, who, about 11.31, witnessed a Charter to Neath Abbey, by 
Richard de Granvllle, and who was probably the Robert who witnessed a Charter by William Earl of 
Gloucester, to that Church. [N. Mon. V.. 269. Floyd.] 

Hi3 successor seems to have been Gilbert, who in 1166 held nine Knighfs fees of William, Earl of 
Gloucester [L. Niger. 161], and who must have died before 1189-90, as in that year Henry paid £A for 
iherelief of hisland [Pipe Roll, 1 Rich 1]. This is tlie Gilbert mentioned in the Harleiau Charter [CCXILJ, 
which names also Nest, but vvhether as his wife, or as is more prohable, the wife of Urban de Penducaet. is 
nncertain. 

Henry de Humfranville, his son and successor, was thc grantor of the cited Charter. Betweeu 1183 and 
1193 he witnessed a Charter by Pagan de TurberviUe to Margam, and in 1186-7 he was rated at £45 f or the 
relief of niue Knights' fees lield of the Earl of Gloucester, on which there were due £32, and in the 
treasury £13 [Pipe RoU, 33 Henry II.] 

3 John, 1201, he fined ten marcs on five Knights' fees for licence 'nou transfretare.' [Obl. et Fin. 134. 
Pipe Roll 2 John.] 

Besides the donation recorded in the Charter 75, D. 15, he, as chief lord, advised and oonsented to a gift 
and coufirmation to Margam hy Gerebert, son of Robert [CCXIII.]. originally grauted by Hugh de 
Llaucarvan, elder brother of Gerebert [CoU. Top. v. 19], and confirmed by Henry, Bishop of Llandaff, in 
another Charter [CCXIT.]. It appears f rom these that Henry's wife was SibiUa. He probably died about 
1203, for in the accounts of the Honour of Gloucester in 1203-4, William de Braose had a quittance from a 
fourth scutiige of the five fees held by Henry de Humf ranville ; and iu 1205 his gift of 160 acres to Margam 
was oonfirmed by King John : and also in 1208-9, Gulfrid Whiting accounted for 100 marcs. and a palfry, 
for having custody of the laud aud heir of Henry de HumfranviUe [Pipe RoU 5 and 10 John]. 

This heir was another Henry, the Henry junior of [CCCCLIII.], who witnessed a grant by Leisan ap 
Morgan after 1213, aud one by Raj-mond de SuUy. He was in rebeUion against John. but on the accession 
of Henry III., and his retnm to his allegiance, 1 Henry III., 1217, a writ was issued to the Sheriff of Devon 
to give him seizin of his laud [Close Roll i., 313; Fine RoU i., 258 J. Cbirter CCCLVII. mentions his 
connectiou with the Bradington of the Charter to which this note is appended. 

Next in succession was probably another Sir Gilbert [CCCCLII.], who in 1233 did homage to 
Henry III. for the land he had as one of the heirs of his cousin Matthew de Torrington [Fine Roll, 
i., 238]. He was one of the pledges for the Earl of Gloucester against R. Siward in 1245 [DXX.], and 
in 1249 witnessed the cyrograph of the sons of Morgan ap Cadwathlan. In 1253 he sued Walter de 
Pembroke, Archdeacon of Barnstaple, for impleading liim iu the ecclesiastical court [Prynne, Records, iii., 
109, and Plea Roll of Justices Itinerary, M. 14, Devon]. 



444 



A Gilbert, possibly the same, ia 1257, was witness to the Charter of William de Olare, granting Lequid 
[Leckwith] to the Sanfords, and from the 'Extent ' of the de Clare lands iu the record office [0. 1262] it 
appears that he held four Knights' fees in Penmark of the value of £60 [I.P.M,, 41-2, Henry III., No. 20]. 
Jlr. Floyd conchides his death to have occurred about this time, and his successor to have been Henry. 

Sir Henry de Humfranville, with others, in 1262, paid a marc for a writ of attachment that the 
SherifE of Devon was directed to issue. He died 52-G Henry III., 1271-2, seized of one-fifth of the 
manor ot Torriton anJ one-fifth of Kilmington, aud of the manors of Layford and Dun, or Down-tJmfraville 
and of Langrue, all in Devon, and John, his brother, then aged 30, was his next heir. [Escaet. 66 Heury III., 
No. 2. FineRoU3,II, 559]. 

In 1272, 15 Feb., Johu did homage tor his brother's land. [Hundred rolls, 70 and 82], one-fifth of 
Torriton and Kilminton, etc, in Devon [Exc. Rot. Fin. 11., 559]. In 1272 he held half a fee in Devon of 
Gilbert de Cl.ire, occupied by undertenant.i. [Plac. de Q. W., 170-3.] In 1280 he was summoned with 
Walter de SuIIy to answer respecting his rights, ia Torrington [Ibid. 169], and as to certaiu rights in Lyw 
and Kilmington which he disclaimed. 

In 1229 he witnessed an agreemeut between Gilbert de Clare and the Abbot of Neath [Franci3's 
Neath, 34]. In 1291 Ralph de Aruudel sought to recover trom John and his wife Alicia, seizin of a 
messuage, etc, at Bisliop^a Morcliard, loth October, 1294 [Abb. Orig. Rot., I. 69]. 15th Oct., 1224, being 
then a Knight, he was summoned to serve against the Welsh [Writs M. Sum. I. 265], and at the death of 
Gilbert de Clare he held, as heir of Gilbert de Humfranville, one quarter fee iu Northover and five fees in 
Ijakeford, co. Devon. [Escaet. 24 Edward I., No. 107.] 

In 1289 John was member for Devon [Parl. Writs 67], aud r2th March, 1.301 had summons to serve 
against the Scots [Writs M. Sums. 351 J. lu 1302 he wituessed a Bonville Charter [DCCCXLI.] to Margam, 
and at the death ot Johanna in 1307 he held (four fees) one messuage and tour carucates of land, paying 
therefor per annum 26s. 8d. By Abb. Rot. Orig., I., 200, it appears that he granted a part of his manor of 
Torriuton to a Gilbert de Humfranville, who 6 Edward II., 1313, was fined forty marcs for having acquired 
it without the king's leave. John also wituessed a Charter by William de Braose, of doubtful date. 
[N. Mon. VI., 491.] His name also occura in CLXXIX. 

Mr. Floyd is uncertain as to the period ot Johu's death, but at the death of the last Earl Gilbert de 
Clare, in 1314, John had been succceded by Henry de Humfranville, who held four fees in Pennard 
[Peumark], worth £60 per aunum. [Escaet. 8 Edward II., 68, and 1 Edward III., No. 9. 2 Nov.] 

Henry, the successor, betore 1314, at the partition of the de Clare estates, held four fees in Penmark, 
and is so set down in the Spenser survey of 1329. In 1335 he witnessed a Charter by the Rector of Coytiff 
[DCCCCLX.] In 1327hewa3 on the inquisition held at the petition of Gilbert Turberville, and was thea 
a Knight. In 1333 he is stated by Mr. Traherne to have been on the court which decided on a claim of 
wreck made by the Abbot of Margan, and in 1338 and 1340 he witnessed a Despeucer Charter to Oardiff, 
and in 1341 one to Neath Abbey. Sir Robert Duuifraville, probably a cousin, was parson of Penmark, iu 
1340 [DCCCCLXXXIII.] [Francis, Neath, 38, [DCCCCLXX. DCCOOLXXXII.] lu 1349, ou the death 
of Hugh le Despenser, he held the four fees in Penmark, value £70. His wife'» name was Isabella [N. 
Mou. II., 403] aud Alice was his huiress. A Henry de Umtramvill witnessed a charter by the Abbot of 
Neath in 1341. [DCOOCLXXXIX.] 

Alice de Humfranville married, 12 Edward II., Sir Simon, son and heir ot Matthew de Furneaux of 
Stringston. He died 24 Edward III., leaviug issue by her one child, Klizabeth. 

Elizabeth de Furneau.'i, heiress of Furneaux and HumfranviUe, married saysCoUinson [III.213],during 
her father's lifetime, Sir John Blount, vvho died before 1362. 



445 



Lady Blount survived her husband, and 8 Uich. 11. founded a chantrey in Athelney Abbey, for the good 
estate of William Aungier (?) and Henry Bodham, and also of herself Elizabeth, of Lady Alice Stafiford, 
Lady Maud Stafford, Robert Wrench, and all other frienda aud benefactors of the said Elizabeth ; also 
for the souls of Sir Johu Blount, Sir Simon de Fumeaux and Alice his wife, Su: Henry de Humf ranville 
and Isabel his wife, Sir Wm Blount and Maud his wife, the Lady Julian Talbot, Lady Blizabeth Comwall, 
Sir Brian Cornwall her son, Sir Richard Staiiord and Sir Ricliard Stafford the younger his son, Robert 
Flito and RobeTt Stockton, and for the souls of all her departed friends. [Coll. I., 2fi'2.] 

Among the St. John evidence [Lansdowne MSS. 860a. fol. 348] is a Charter by which 'Elizabeth le 
Blount, wif e of the Lord John le Blount, Kt., in her widowhood, grants to John Purvill, perpetual vioar 
of Lankarvan, and to John Tokiker, son of William Tokiker, all the pasture between my wood in the 
Gastle of Peumark, and the brook there, etc. Dated 13 May, 36 Edward III.' 

Sir Johu and Lady Elizabeth had one daughter, Alice le Blount, heiress of tlie Humfranville and 
Furneaux estates. She married first Sir Richard Stafford, who was dead 8 Rich. II.. and afterwards Sir 
Richard Storey, who survived. She died childless, 1414-5. [I.P.M., 2 Heury IV., No. 27.] 

Upon Lady Storey's death, the Furneaax estates seems to have gone to the desceudants of the sisters of 
her grandfather, Sir Simon, but the descent of those of Humfranville, and the manner in which they 
eveutuaUy reached St. Johu is not so clear. On tlie death of Ed. le Despenser in 1375 (1345-6) [Escaet. 
19 Edward III.] three of the Penmark fees were held conjointly by Elizabeth Blount, John de Arundei, and 
John de Hath, and Thomas Mitchell, and John Andrews, so that St. John did not succeed at once to a 
share of the Humfranville property, even if , as is generally stated, he married one co-heir of Humfranville, 
while Blount married the other. 

44 Edward III., 1370-1, was a deed of partition between Oliver St. John, chevalier. and Elizabeth Blount, 
lady of Calne (?), running thus : — 

' Know all men present and to come that we, Nichol Denis, parson of the Church of Coytif , Thomas 
Michel, parson of the Ghurch of Pourkerrye [Porthkerry], William Bachelor, parson of the Church of 
Pconstew (?) give, grant, and by this our preaent Charter, confirm to Oliver St. John, John Arundel, 
Robert Willis, and John de Hach, a moiety of the manor of Penmark, and of the advowson of the Churoh 
pertaining to that manor, with all their appurtenauces, which lately were given to Oliver St John and 
Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John de la Bere. Witness Laurence de Berkerollea, Edward de Estradlyne, 
Thomas TurberviUe,' etc. 

Charter CCXIII. bears the seal of Gerbert, son of Robert, the device of which is a cinquefoil. This 
evidently was derived f rom the coat of his chief, Lord Henry de Humfranville. All of the name, including 
the Northem Earls of Augus, bore the cinquefoU as a part of their arms. 

The pedigree of Humfrauville or tjmfreville, given in Pole'3 Devon, commences with Henry, who bore 
'crusily a rose or' [no doubt a five-foiled rose], and was of Lapford, a member of the Honour of 
Torrinton, probably by his marriage with one of the five co-heirs of Mathew de Thoreton. His son John 
was father of Sir Henry s.p. and John, father of Sir Henry, who left two daughters, co-heirs, Alice who 
married Sir Simon Furneaux aud had Laptord, and Elizabeth, who married Oliver St. Johu of Penmark. 
To their heirs, according to this versiou, Lapford reverted on the death of Alice Storey s.p., and while 
St. John of Fonmon, ancestor of Lord St. John, had Penmark, Lapford was settled upon Edward St. John. 
a cadet, whose daughter and heir married Nicholas Arundel of Trerice, in whose descendants Lapford 
remained. 

There was another branch of Umfreville of Comh Pyne aud Dowu UmfreviUe, in Devon, probably 
cousins, who bore 'gules, three roses and a chief or.' 



446 



The earliest William in the St. John pedigree was son of Roger, and grandson of Sir John St. John of 
Fonmon. Fitzhamon's retainer, who appears in the Liber Ruber of the Exchequer. His mother Cicely was 
daughter and heiress of Robert de Haia, co. Sussex, who probably had property in Monmouthshire, 
where the family were benefactors to the (Jhurch of Bassaleg. According to Diigdale, Sir Jolin had uo 
children, and the Fonmon estate went to the dessendants of his aister'3 child, who married Adam de Port 
of Basing, their descendauts laking the name of St. John. William, the tirst Port who took the 
St. John name, was great-nephew of William, and great-great-grandsire of Sir John St. John of Fonmon, 
reputed to have married Elizabeth Umfrcville, by which match Penmark was eventuaily brought into the 
St. Jobn Familv. 



CCCCLIV. 

AFFILIATION UF THE ABBEY OF MAIG OR MONASTER- 

NENAGH, CO. LIMERICK, TO MARGAM ABBEY, BY 

APPOINTMENT OF THE GENERAL CHAPTER OF 

CITEAUX. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 4.] 1227. 

Venerabilibus . et in Christo (Hlectis . . abbati et conventui de Margan . 
frater . G. dictus abbas Cisterciensis totusque couventus abbatum capituli 
generalis . eternam in Christo saluteni. 

Clanior exordinationis miserabilis abbatiarum Hyberniensium ordinis nostri 
sepe ad nos delatus . nuper manif este uobis innotuit per vi.sitatores in auctoritate . 
et potestate uostra specialiter ad hoc destinatos ut viderent et scirent si clamorem 
opere complevissent . qui etiani firmiter asserebant quod prefate abbatie non 
possent in ordine refonnaii . et relevari a paupertate nimia qua laborant . nec 
ad . . . ere ut resurgant . nisi per gentis mutationem . nec illud posse fieri com- 
mode . uisi ad miuus alique majores abbatie subtraote suis inordinatis matribus . 
que pro tanta culpa merentur jure suo privari . aliis ordinatis abbatiis perpetuo 
jure supponantur. Et quia ordinis zelo accensi pro salute animarum et ordine 
reformando . vultis recipere in filiam abbatiam de Magio que hucusque fuit 
filia Mellifontis . sicut per vestras litteras manifeste percepiraus . predictam 
abbatiam de Magio vobis et ecclesie vestre ex certa scieutia et pleuitudine 
potestatis damus in filiam jierpetuo possideudam. Vobis igitur districte preeipi- 



447 



mus . quatenus amodo post presens oapitulum . ad reformandam predictam 
abbatiam filiam vestram in spiritualibus et temporalibus taliter soUicite inten- 
datis . ut anime salventur . et nos non cogamur predictam adoptationem aliquando 
immutare. 

Datiim anno gratie m°- co°- xx" septimo . Tempore capituli generalis. 

Fragment of seal of the Abbot of Citeaux. Brown wax. 

CCCCLV. 

GEANT BT ROBEET, SON OF WIAN, OF ALL THE LAND 
IN THE FEE OF NEWCASTLE WHICH HE HAD FROM: 
MOEGAN AP CAEADOC, TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1197—1203. 

Sciant omnes tam p. quam f. quod ego Eobertus filius Wiani concedo . et 
dimitto monachis de Margan concessione et consensu domini mei Morgani . 
totam terram meam quam michi dedit in feudo Novi Castelli scilicet quadra- 
ginta acras quarum decem in perpetuam elemosinam largitus sum monachis . et 
XXX. eisdem dimitto ad finnam in vi. annos libere et quiete usque post terminum 
VI. annorum . qui anni incipiunt a festivitate Sancti Michaelis anni m. c. nona- 
gesimi vu. ab incarnatione Domini. Que videlicet festivitas Sancti Michaelis 
tertia secuta est captionem castelli de Sancto Claro . factam per Willelmum de 
Brausa. Ita scilicet . ut per vi. annos habeant xx. acras terre frumentalis et 
ultra adhuc per tres annos . id est . simul . ix. habeant reliquas '. x. aoras que 
jacent juxta illas . quas illis dedi in perjoetuum. Et sciendum quod ego pre 
manibus jam accepi censum omnium istorum annonim . id est . xx\ij. solidos 
et J. denarium. Et hoc totum feci consensu et oonsilio fratrum meorum . Eogeri 
et G-RiFFiNi . et aliorum. Et si infra hoc spacium mortuus fuero . totani istam 
terram cum corpore meo prefatis monaohis et monasterio dedi in perpetuam 
elemosinam. Quam si non potuero illis warantizare usque ad prescriptos terminos 



448 



de hoc quod residuum erit pecunie quam accepi . secundum annonun computa- 
tionem satisfaciam monachis et terram de omnibus serviciis adquietabo qiiamdiu 
fuerit in manibus monachorum et hec omnia me fideliter observaturum juramento 
firmavi . et hoc insuper plegios dedi . Dominum meum Morganum . E,ogerdm et 
Griffinum . fratres meos . Ithell filium Sansonis . et Gtuganum avunculum 
meum. Hiis testibus. 
Entitled— ' Carta Roberti Wian de decem acris.' 

CCCCLVI. 

GRANT BY ROBERT AND ROGER WIAN OF TEN ACRES IN 
THE FEE OF NEWCASTLE TO MA.RGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

TJniversis Sancte e. f. p. et futuris . Rorertus filius Wian salutem. Notum 
sit universitati vestre nos per consilium et assensum domiui nostri Morgani filii 
Oradoci et fratrum meorum . Rogeri . scilicet . et aliormn parentum etiam et 
amicorum dedisse Deo et beate Marie et monachis de Margan x. aeras terre 
de feodo Novi Castelli . de terra mea quam doniinus meus Morganus dedit 
mihi ibidem . pro meo servitio . que scilieet acre habeut ad orientem ilhun 
locimi inclusum fossato . qui vocatur gardinimi Sweini . et tendunt sm'simi 
versus montem . ad ocoidentem . et a septentrionali parte divisam habent teri-anl 
Scurlag . et ab australi . meam terram . reliquas x. acras. Has x. aoras sicut 
jacent sursum et deorsimi iu longimi . ad orient«m et occidentem . et in latum 
ad aquilonem et australem . predictis monaohis dedi in peiiietmmi . in liberam 
et perpetuam et puram elemosinam . quietas ab onuii servitio et seculari 
exactione . faeturus servicimu de reliqua terra mea . si aHqiud inde foi-te aliquo 
temporo fuerit requisitum. Et hano donationem feci pro salute animo mee 
et antecessorum meonim patris et matris et successormu et domiui mei Morgani 
qui illam terram miolii dodit. Et quia sigiUum uon habui . sigillo domini mei 



449 



MoKGANi . hanc donationis mee cartam consignavi. Hiis testibus . Willelmo 
cellarario de Margan . Gtodefkido monaeho . Resus etiam filius Meuric plegius 
est et WiLLELMus KiLLE. Testibus . E.ogero Cole . et fratre Jordano . et 
Waltero de Lantge . et aliis pluribus. 

Imperfect seal, brown wax, of Morgan f . Caradoc, as akeady described. 

Endorsed — ' Roberius Wian de x. acris.' 

CCCCLVII. 
G-RANT BY ROGER, SON OF WIAITN, AJ^D KENEWREICH HIS 
BROTHER, OF TEN ACRES OF ARABLE LAND, TO MARGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus S. e. f. p. et futuris Rogerus filius Wiaun salutem. Sciatis me 
c. et d. et h. c. c. D. et e. S. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. i. p. et p. elemosinam con- 
cessione Morgani domini mei . et Kenewreich fratris mei decem acras teiTe 
arabilis . liberas et quietas ab omni servicio . consuetiidine et exactione . proximas 
3.cem. a,cris quas eis dedit Robertus fi-ater meus quas et ego hac carta confh-mavi. 
Et hoc totum eis feci ]iro anima Morgani doniiui uiei . et anima mea et auima 
Kenewreich fratris mei et antecessonmi et successorum meonmi. Et ego et 
heredes mei hec omnia eis warauti^abimus coutra omnes homines. Hiis testibus . 
Reso Coh . Kenewkeic filio Wiaun . Enniaun Ririd . Espus filio 
Kistel[ard] . RiCARDO Waleis et multis aliis. 

Seal, red wax, pointed oval, Ifin. by lin. Device, a sort of nide lily with 
three lobes. 

' + SIGILL. ROGERI WIAN.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Rogeri filii Wiaun de x. acris terre arabilis.' 

Wian, father of Roger and Eenewrec, was evidently a Welsh tenant of Morgan ap Caradoc. who was 
a descendent from Jestyn. 

The Wiaun family were considerable benefactors to Margam ; being tenants nnder the Lords of Aveue 
their donations required the confirmation of the Over-Lord. A similar donation was made to Ne;ith. 
and confirmed in 1208 by King John as Chief Lurd [CCCXVIII.]. 

3g 



450 



CCCCLVIII. 

GRANT BY ROGER AND KENEWREC, SONS OF WIAN, OF 
TWENTY ACRES OF LAND AND RENTS AT NEWCASTLE 
TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte matris ecclesie filiis p. e. f. Rogerus filius Wian . et 
Kenewrec frater ejus salutem. 

Seiatis nos consensu Mokgani filii Caradoci et filiorum ejus concessisse et 
dedisse et hac carta confirmasse D. et e. de Margan e. m. i. D. s. in perpetuam 
elemosinam viginti acras ten-e que fuit Saiet . quam Morganus dedit Roberto 
fratri nostro pro suo servicio et post mortem ipsius nobis. Habendas et tenendas 
reddendo annuatim pro omni servicio consuetudine et exactione . tautum duos 
solidos . ad festum Sancti Michaelis . quamdiu ambo vixerimus. Altero vero 
nostram moriente . quisquis prius obierit . pro animabus nostris predicta terra 
monachis quieta imperf^etuum remanebit. Concessimus eciam eis in elemosinam 
pasturam . et aisiamenta terre nostre ubicunque attingere poterint ita quod 
nullos alios religiosos infi'a teiTam uostram recipiemus . pro animabus nostris et 
antecessorum nostrorum et successormn nostrorum. Et nos et heredes nostri 
hec omnia eis warantizabimus inperpetuum. Hiis testibus . Morgano filio 
Caradoci . Leisan et Owein filiis ejus . Alaithu filio Ithknardi . Reso Coch . 
Q-RiFiNO filio Cneither . Ithel filio Samsonis . Meurich Boxach . et multis 
aliis. 

Three seals in dark red wax. 

1. Oval, sliglitly pointed, lin. by Ijin. Device, a sort of rude lily, or seeded 
fleur-de-lis. 

Legend — ' -|- sigill' . rogeri . wian.' 

2. Ordinary seal of Morgan ap Caradoc as before. 

3. Ifiu. diam. A dexter hand and vested arm, issuing from the sinister, 
fesswise, grasping a lance-flag. 

' -|- s . . . . l' : kene[w]erc : . . . . [wi]an.' 
Endorsed — ' Rogeri Wian et Kenewreo fratris ejus de xx. acris pro u. solidis 
annuatim apud Novum Castelhim.' And in a later haud — 'ten-a Seyth.' 



451 



CCCCLIX. 
OEANT BY WILLIAM DE LONDKES OF THE LAND BETWEEN 
THE GAEW AND THE OGMOEE TO MAEGAM ' ABBET, 
WITH HALF-SHAEE OF FOEEST-EIGHTS. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omiiibus Sancte ecclesie filiis p. et f. Willelmus de Lond[oniis] salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et consensu matris mee et fratris mei Thome de Lond- 
[oNiis] et aliorum amicorum meorum coneessisse et dedisse et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmasse Deo et ecelesie S. M. de M. et mouacliis Deo ibidem ser- 
vientibus pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et successorum meorum in 
perpetuam elemosinam quicquid contiuetur inter has duas aquas . Vkgemor et 
GrARWE . in bosco et plano . ab eo loco ubi Q-arewe cadit in Vkgemore quantum 
terra mea durat versus Eotheni . ut habeant et teneant eam ad feudofirmam. 
Eeddendo michi et heredibus meis annuatim . iii"' marcas . scilicet xx. sohdos 
ad festum Sancti Michaelis . et xx. solidos ad Pascha . pro omni servitio 
consuetudine et exactione. Et sciendum quod forestarius meus custodiam 
nemoris habebit cum consilio abbatis de Maegan. Ita quod ego inde capiam 
quantum opus habuero ad proprios usus meos et hominum meorum . et monachi 
inde capient quantum opus habuerint ad usus proprios . sine nemoris destruccione. 
Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predictis monachis hanc elemosiuam eontra 
omnes homines impei-petuum. Hiis testibus . Thoma de Lond[oniis] . Petro 

PlNCERNA . EaDULFO de CaNTELO . WaLTERO GuNDI . OwENO le NORREIS . 

Pagano de Turberville . Gilberto de Turberville . Willelmo de Cantelo . 
OsBERNO olerico . Eoberto clerico. 

Endorsed — ' De Kevenmahhai. Donatio WiUehni de Lond[oniis].' 



452 



CCCCLX. 

GEANT BY WILLIAM DE LONDEES, OF LAND BETWEEN THE 
EIVEES UGKEMOEE AND GAEWE TOWAEDS EOTHENI, 
WITH MUTUAL BENEFIT FEOM THE FOEEST, TO MAEGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Willelmus 
de Lond[oniis] . salutem. 

Sciatis me cum consilio et consensu matris mee et fratris mei Thome de 
Lond[oniis] . et aliorum amicorum meorum ooncessisse et dedisse et haopresenti 
carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. pro salute animemee 
et antecessorum et successorum meorum in peri^etuam elemosiuam . quicquid 
continetur inter has duas aquas Ugkemore et G-arwe in bosco et plano . ab eo 
loco ubi Garwe cadit Ln Ugkemore quantum terra mea durat versus Eotheni . 
ut habeant et teneant eam ad pheudo-firmam . reddendo mihi et heredibus 
meis annuatim lu^'' marcas . scilicet xx. solidos ad festum Sancti Michaelis . 
et XX. solidos . ad Pa.scha . pro omni servitio . consuetudine . et exactione. 
Et sciendum quod forestarius meus custodiam nemoris habebit cum consUio 
abbatis de Margam . ita quod inde capiam quantum opus habuero ad proprios 
usus meos et hominum meorum . et monachi inde capient quantum opus 
habuerint ad usus proprios sLne nemoris destruotione. Et ego et heredes mei 
warentizabimus predictis monachis hanc elemosinam eontra omnes homines in 
perpetuum. 

Hiis testibus . Thoma de Lond[oniis] . Petro Pincerna . Eadulpho de 
Oantel' . Waltero Q-undi . Oweno Norreis. 

Oval seal, red wax, impression of a signet set with an antiquo gem. Pallas, 
leaning on a spear, holding a hehnet, at her feet a shield. 

' + SIGXLLU' . WILl' . DE . LONDONIIS.' 

Endorsed — ' Willelmus de Lond^oniis]. De EgliskeyTior.' 

If this be the origiiial from whipli No. CCCOLIX. is ccipied into tlie Abbey Roll, it is difficult toaccouut 
for the Hmaller ILst of witnesjies. But corait;ti-e Eirch, llist. of Margavi Abbey, p. 134. 



453 



CCGCLXI. 

CONFIEMATION BY THOMAS DE LONDEES OF THE GEANT 
BY HIS FATHEE WILLIAM OF LAND BETWEEN THE 
UGKEMOEE AND GAEWE, TOWAEDS EOTHENI,' TO 
MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis p. et f. Thomas de Lond' . salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et consensu matris mee et fratris mei Willelmi de Lond'. 
et aliorum amicorum meorum concessisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse 
Deo et ecclesie B. M. de Margan et m. D. i. s. pro salute anime mea et anteces- 
sonim et successorum meorum in pei-petuam elemosinam . donationem quam 
predictus frater meus Will' de Lond' illis fecit . scilicet quicquid continetur 
inter has duas aquas Ugkemore . et Gtarwe in bosco et plano ab eo loco ubi 
G-arwe cadit in Ugkemore . quantum terra nostra durat versus Eotheni . ut 
habeant et teneant eam ad feudofirmam libere et quiete bene et in pace in 
omnibus et per omnia . sicut earta ipsius Will' de Lond' testatur . reddendo 
annuatim lu. marcas pro onmi servitio . consuetudine . et exactione. Et ego 
predictam donationem eis warentizabo contra omnes homines sicut elemosinam 
nostram in perpetuum. Hiis testibus . Pincerna Petro . Radulpho de 
Cantel' . Waltero Gundi . Oweno le Norreis . Godefrido filio Almeri . 
Herveio Cras . Gervasio clerico. 

Seal in dark green wax, slight pear-shaped, l^in. by lin. Impression of an 
antique oval intaglio gem : a helmeted bust to the left. 

Legend — ' + sigill' thome de lond'.' 

Endorsed — ' Confirmatio T. de Lond'.' 

(1) See No. DXLV. 



454 



CCCCLXII. 

HAWISIA DE LONDRES CONFIUMS VARIOUS GRANTS TO 
ST. PETER'S ABBEY, GLOUCESTER. 

[Oartul"- S" Petri Glouc. Vol. L, p. 284.] 
Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Hawisia de Londonia filia et heres Thomb 
de LoNDONiA ooncessi et presenti carta mea confirmavi in ligia viduitate et 

potestate mea abbati Sancti Petri G-loucestrie etc omnes elemosinas et 

donationes terrarum et ecclesiarum quas Mauricius de Londonia antecessor meus 
eis dedit, et etiam omnes donationes et confii-mationes Willelmi de Londonia avi 
mei; et omnes confirmationes Thome de Londonia patris mei, scilicet ecclesiam 
Sancti Mtchaelis oum villa de Ewenny cum omnibus pertinentiis suis cum 
prato et molendinis ; ita tamen quod omnes homines mei qui ibi voluerint molere 
ibi molant sine oalumnia vel contradictione mei vel heredum meorum, preter 
homines meos de Colwinstone, qui ad molendinum meum de Colwinstone debent 
molere. Et ecclesiam Sancte Brigide cum terris et decimis et omnibus pertinentiis 
suis, et ecclesiam Sancti Michaelis de Colwinstone cum omnibus pertinentiis 

suis et sexaginta sex aoras terre cum pertinentiis iii eadem villa, et etc. etc 

et ecclesiam de Egliskeynor et totam terram que est ex parte silve de Alune 
usque ad pasturam equorum domini, et exparte orientis totam terram que jacet de 
domo Edrici vicecomitis usque ad ripam de Ewenni etc. etc. ..... Volo etiam 

quod predicti abbas et monachi habeant in bosco meo de Uggemora commuuam 
pasture per totum ad onanimoda [animjalia sua et husbote et heibote, et ad 
ardendum, et olaudendum, et ad edificandum, adeo libere et quiete siouti melius 
unquam habuerunt tempore Mauricii antecessoris mei vel alicujus antecessorum 

meorum. Habendum et tenendum, etc in pm-am ot perpetuam 

elemosinam, etc. etc Et ut heo concessio et confirmatio mea rata et 

inconcussa et stabilis permaneat presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis 
testibus, etc, etc 



455 



CCCCLXIII. 

CHAETEE OF PEOTECTION BY HENEY III. TO MAEGAM 

ABBEY. 
[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 10.] 1228. 

Henkicus Dei gratia Eex Anglie Dominus Hibernie Dux Normannie 
Aquitanie et comes Andegavie omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis salutem. 
Sciatis nos suscepisse in protectionem et defeusionem nostram homines terras 
redditus possessiones et omnes res abbatis et raonachorum de Margan in mari et 
terra. Et ideo vobis mandamus quod homines terras redditus possessiones et 
omnes res predictorum abbatis et monachorum in mari et in terra manuteneatis 
protegatis et defendatis nullam eis inferentes vel inferri permittentes molestiam 
injuriam dampnum aut g[ravamen], et si quid eis forisfactum fuerit id eis sine 
dilacione fatiatis emendari. In cujus rei testimonium has litteras nostras patentes 
eis fieri fecimus. Teste me ipso apud Merewell' xxviii. die Maii anno regni 
nostri duodecimo. 



CCCCLXIV. 
AFFILIATION OF THE ABBEY OF HOLY CEOSS IN lEELAJSTD, 
TO MAEGAM ABBEY, BY APPOINTMENT OF THE GENEEAL 
CHAPTEE OF CITEAUX. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 5.] 1228. 

Venerabilibus et in Christo dilectis abbati et conventui de Margan fi-ater &. 
dictus abbas Cisterciensis totusque conventus abbatium capituli generalis 
etemam in Christo salutem. 



456 



Clamor exordinacionis miserabilivun abbatiariim Hibernie ordinis nostre sepe 
delatus ad nos nuper manifeste nobis innotuit per visitatores in auctoritate et 
potestate nostra specialiter ad hoc destinatos vt viderent et scirent si elamorem 
opere complevissent . qui etiam firmiter asserebant . quod prefate abbatie non 
possent in ordine refomiari et relevari a paupertate nimia qua laborant . iiisi 
ad minus alique majores abbatie subtracte suis inordinatis matribus que pro tanta 
culpa merentur jure suo privari aliis ordinatis abbatiis perpetuo jure supponantur. 
Et quia ordinis zelo accensi pro salute animarum et ordine reformaudo vultis 
recipere in filiam abbatiam de Sancta Cruce que bucu^que fuit filia de Magio 
eaudem abbatiam vobis et ecclesie vestre ex certa scientia et plenitudine potestatis 
damus in filiam perpetuo possidendam. Vobis igitm' districte precipimus . quateuus 
decetero ad reformandani predictam abbatiam filiam vestram in spiritualibus et 
temporalibus taliter soHieite intendatis ut anime salveutur et nos uon eogamur 
predictam adoptationem aliquaudo immutare. Datum anno gratie m°- cc°- 
vicesimo octavo tempore capituli generalis. 

Attacbed is a portion of a circular seal, of brown wax, bearing the semi-figm'e 
of an abbot. 

Legend — 'sigillvm . abbatis is.' 

See Irish State Papors. Vol. I. A.D. 1171— 125L 

The State I^aper.s refer to this visitation, one resuH of wliich was the reduction of Mouisterueuajjh 
Abbey to the rank of a cell, on the ground of poverty, as seems to be contemplated here for Holy Cross. 
That South Wales was the channel through which the Normans passed to the conquest of Ireland is a 
matter of history, and is supported by the large number of both leaders and followers, who bear names 
conneoted with Glamorgan. Carmarthen, and Pembroke. 

Leland says Margam had privilege of sanctuary, which the Welsh seldom or ever used. He ulso 
mcntions its four daughter house.s in Ireland— Kyrieleyson, Saucta Crux, Maio (probably Maig or Nenay, 
co. Limerick), and Chorus Benedietus. It wiU liure be seen that the children were very far f rom part.iking 
of the prosperity of their parent. 



457 



CCCCLXV. 

STEPHEN, ABBOT OF STANLEY, AFFILIATES THE CISTER- 
CIAN ABBEY OF ST. CROSS, A DAUGHTEE OF MAYO, 
IN lEELAND, TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margan Charter.] 1228. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptiun visuris vel audituiis frater 
Stephanus' dictus abbas de Stanleia salutem etemam in domino. 

Si nova quedam atque insolita in ordine nostro emergentia cii-ca statum 
domorumordinis Lnnovationes aliquas indueantvel unmutationes . non est absurdum 
aut dissonum equitati . presertim cum suadeat pietas . pulset necessitas . 
blandiatur utilitas evidens . et salus animarum . Quoniam igitiu- virorum religio- 
sorum et Deum timentium crebra relatione exordinationis multiplicis abbatiamm 
HiBERNiE miserabilis clamor non solum ad audientiam ascendit capituli generalis . 
vemm etiam in scandalum totius religionis tam cleri quam populi circumquaqua 
aures replevit . desiderans dictum capitulum tanto disciimini et infamie ordinis 
remedium adhibere . talique animamm periculo . et ab omnibus tam dolendo 
affectione matema si quo modo posset occurrere . ad omnes abbatias Hibernie ob 
ordinis inibi reformationem nos destinare decrevit in plenitudine potestatis. Ita 
quod inter cetera nobis auctoritate capituli memorati commissa libere 
possimus sine alicujus obstaculo contradictionis, et irrequi[si]tis patribus abbatibus 
abbatias plm-es in unam conjungere . Et aliis abbaciis ejusdem derivationis . pro 
reformatione ordinis perpetuo in filias dare . Item contradictores interdicto 
supponere . susjpendere . et excommimicare . insuper omnia ordinare et agere . 
sicut crediderimus expedire. 

Nos itaque obedientie premiimi prse oculis statuentes et pro injuncti ofBcii 
debito non sine magnis et crebris mortis periculis dictas domos Hibernie una 
cum aliis viris auctenticis atque discretis tam abbatibus quam monachis perso- 
naliter adeuntes . pensatis undique circumstanciis tam domorimi quam personarum 

.3 H 



.458 



ibidem commanentium et moribus regionis . exitum alium nullatenus reperire 
vahiimus . quo vel horrendis conspirationibus . vel inveteratis exordinationibus 
finis imponatur et respiret reUgio . nisi abbatie quedam domorum minus ordi- 
natarum subjectioni subtracte aUquibus aharum regionum abbaciis . que ruinas 
ordinis tam in spirituahbus quam temporahbus et vehnt et valeant maturius 
reparare tanquam matribus jure perpetuo supponantur . Ita quod unaqueque 
mater ad minus duas habeat fihas in terra memorata. Ut si quando ahqua 
iUai-um coUum desub jugo regule et ordinis contumacibus et mahtiosis conspi- 
rationibus attemptet excutere aut soisma procreare . in rehqua filia saltim ref ugium 
reperu-e possit mater tutumque receptacuUim . dum aUerius ineolentie insistit 
reprimende. Sicque commodius et expeditius pro causarum varietate aut temporis . 
aUerius per alteram oppressionem sublevet . aut domet elationem . juxta quod ait 
eoolesiastes. ' Mehus- est duos simul esse quam unum habent enim emolumen- 
tum societatis . si unus ceciderit . ab altero fuUietur . ve soh quia cum ceoiderit . 
non habet sublevamen. Item si dormierint duo . fovebuntur mutuo. Unus 
autem quomodo calefiet ? ' Et cetera in hunc modiun. 

Harum igitur et hujuscemodi innumerarum instinctu rationum . pensatis 
quidem hinc dispendiis atque pericuhs . iUinc utihtatibus ordinis et honestatibus 
pluribus . que si scribentur debitam et consuetam in cartis brevitatem immoderata 
sui prohxitate excederent . et audientibus tedium generarent . habita insuper 
cum viris auctenticis summeque peritis dehberatione diffusa et traotatu diUgenti . 
de ipsorum omnium unanimi consiUo abbatiam de Sancta Oruce'- . que oUm fuit 
fiUa de Mag^o'* . domui de Margan tanqiiam matri decetero subicimus. Et 
auetoritate capituh generahs que nobis commissa est . in plenitudine pot«statis 
domus in fiham perpetuo possidendara . ut sic tam ad domura de Magio quam ad 
iUam de Sancta Cruce citius reformandam . et in statu debito perpetuo oonser- 
vandam . facihor accessus pateat . et ingressus Uberior . omnisque via que 
hucusque abbaciis Hibernie contra ordinem rebeUandi et scismata detestabiUa 
procreandi in superbia sua et iu abusione occasionaUter audatiam dedit et vu-es 



iGQ 



ministravit . in posterum precludatm-. Verum quia operas graves et labores 
sumptuosos . maxime autem periculosos ibi quisque invitus et tardus impendit . 
ubi timetur ne introeat et proventus gratis percipiat alienus . auctoritate supra 
memorata omnibus tam abbatibus quam monachis et conversis undecumque 
fuerint perpetuam imponimus silentiam . ne sibi contra dictam ordinationem 
aliquatenus liceat reclamare . vel ipsam quomodolibet audeant perturbare. 
Decementes irritam et inane . quicquid in contraiium aliquo tempore impe- 
tratum . vel quomodoeumque fuerit attemptatum . Abbas igitur et conventus de 
Margan dictarum filiarum suarum reformationem in spiritualibus et temporalibus 
tanta sollicitudine ac diligentia in perpetuum intendere satagant . ut auime 
salventm- . et ne ob dicte domus de Margan evidentes excessus et intolerabilem 
coram Deo et hominibus quod absit negligentiam in hoc parte . cogatm- sepe- 
dictum capitulum generale memoratam adoptationem aliquando inunutare. In 
cujus rei robur et testimonium presenti scripto sigillum nostrum apposuimus . 
una cum subscriptis viris veuerabilibus predicti negoeii testibus. Dompnis 
videlicet . J. de Margan . S. de Bildewas'^ . A. de Sancta Maria juxta 
Dublin" . W. de Magio* . M. de Valle Salutis' . Ph. de Jeriponte* . R. de 
Portu Beate Marie'' . E. de Sancta Cruce'" . — de Rosavalle^i . W. de Voxoi- . 
H. de Beatitudine^' . W. de Wetheni^^ . J. de Tractan'"' . — de Grenardo"'. 
— de Arnicampo^" . T. de Sancto Salvatore"* tunc abbatibus. 
Datum apud abbatiam de Voto . Anno gratie m" cc°- xx"- viij°- 
Three fragments only of the seventeen seals originally appended remain. 
Endorsed — ' S' Abbatis Stanlehe.' 

(1) gtephen de LexingtoQ, Abbot of St;inlej-, co. ",Vilt.=, became Abbot of Saviguy in r22'.i. See Bivch, 
Collectiont for the Hist. of Stanley^ Wilts Arrh. Soc Trans. 

(2) Eccl. IV., 9— 11. 

(.Sj Holy Cross, de bancta Cruce, co. Tipperary, foundatiou uncertain, but before U8'_'. Also called 
Wethirlugh^n. Holy Cross, Cisterciau Abbey. on the R. Swire, near Thurles, co. Tipperary. This Abbey 
was a daughter of Nenay or jlaig, co. Limerick. The Abbot was Earl of Holy Cross, the lands being an 
Earldom. He was also a Baron of Parliament, and usually Vicar-General of the Cistercians in Irelaud. 
(Archdale, Mo-n. Uibern., p. 6.59.) 

(4) Mayo. or -Monasternenagh, co. Limerick. 



460 



(5) Buildewas, co. Salop. 

(6) Dublin St. Mary embraced the Cistercian rule. 1139. 

(7) De Valle Salutis or Baltiuglass, co. Wicklow. 

(8) Jerpoint, co. Kilkenny. 

(9) Dunbrody, or Port St. Mary, co. Werford. 

(10) St. Cross, in Munster. 

(11) Rossglass, de Rosea Valle, St. EHin':^, co. Kildare. 

(12) De Voto, perhaps the same as De Kyrielyson, in Mimster ; Kilbeggan, co Weatmeath, or Kilcooly, 
co. Tipperary. 

(13) Beotiffi, de Beatitudine, eo. Meath. 

(14) Wetlienoya, or Owney, co. Limerick. 

(15) Tracton, or de Albo Tractu, co. Cork. 

(16) Lerha, near Granard, co. Lougford. 

(17) Arincamp, fouuded 1209, in Ireland. 

(18) Vallis S. Salvatoris, Graignemanagh, co. Kilkenny. 



CCCCLXVI. 

GENEEAL CONFIRMATION BY MCHAED EAEL OF GLOU- 
CESTEE AND HEETFOED TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1229—1261. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Eicardus de Clare comes 
GrLOucESTRiE . et Hertfordie . dedi et eoncessi et hac presenti carta mea eon- 
firmavi pro salute anime mee et patris mei . et matris mee et omnium ante- 
cessorum et successorum meorum Deo et occlesie beate Marie de Makgan et 
monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in puram et pei-petuam elemosinam has teiTas 
per dlvisas suas cum pertinentiis suis in feodo de Kenef[eg] . et in feodo Novi 
Castelli . scilicet totam terram Peytevini . et totam terram Hugonis de 
Hereford . et totam terram Wallen.^^ium . pro qua reddere solebant annuatim 
triginta duos solidos ballivis de Kenef[eg] . Et totam moram meam de Hevkd- 
iiALOK inter duas aquas Kenef [eg] . et Baythan . Et quinquies viginti ot 
decem et septem acras teiTe de dominioo menae mee in Novo Oastello . Scilioet 
totam terram inter Crokkereshille et Ellenewellelake . et inter magnam 
viam tendentem de La(iiklest[on] . versus Novum Castellum . et Lange- 



461 



forer' . que terra jacet pro quinquaginta tribus acris . Et totam terram inter 
Ellenewellelake et Wyi-hebel . queterra jacet pro triginta septem acris . Et 
residuum . ex estparte de Wttherel . Scilicet in terra que tendit de vado lutoso 
quod dicitui' Fennilake . per duas quarentenas versus orientem . et versus 
aquilonem ; usque ad terram Seyeth . et in eodem feodo Novi Castelli moram 
ad aquilonarem et occidentalem partem montis qui dicitur Briddewdes-castel . 
per has divisas . Scilicet sicut rivulus qui dicitur Budelendelake descendit 
de Treykyk et cadit in Hollake . et exinde usque ad illum locum quo 
ultimus rivulus versus orientem descendens de Treykyk cadit in Hollake ex 
estparte de Redeford' . Et exinde versus aquilonem usque ad magnum lapidem 
qui stat in mora ex estparte ejusdem rivuli . Et exinde usque ad Dumetum 
subtus Alterhery . Et exinde usque ad terram arabilem subtus Treykyk . Et 
exinde versus oocidentem sicut terra arabilis dividit eandem moram usque ad 
predictum rivixlum qui dicitm- Budelendelake . Et terram que dicitur Seye- 
TESLAND . Et redditum octo solidorum et quatuor denariorum . qui solet reddi 
annuatim de terra que dicitur Lachelesland . Et terram Ketherech que 
jacet ad australem partem juxta magnam viam tendentem versusLiACHELEST^ON]. 
Et terram que dicitur Roflesland . ex altera parte ejusdem magne vie. 
Habendas et tenendas cum omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis suis de me et 
heredibus meis libere et quiete ab omni servitio . consuetudine . et exactione 
seculari . sicut uUa elemosina integrius . liberius . et quietius potest teneri. 

Preterea dedi concessi et confirmavi eisdem monachis in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam et quietum clamavi et remisi in perpetuum totum forinsecum ser- 
vicium de feodo de Landgewy . quod ad me vel ad antecessores meos pertinere 
solebat . vel quod ad me vel ad heredes meos periinet preter dimidiam marcham 
solummodo quam michi et heredibus meis annuatim reddent tam pro warda quam 
pro omni alio servitio de eodem feodo ad nos pertinente. Preterea de omnibus 
aliis tenementis que prefati monatihi tenent . totum forinsecum servioium quod ad 
antecessores meos pertinere solebat . vel quod ad me vel ad heredes meos pertiuent . 



462 



sive sit servicium militis sive veuatoris . vel alius cujuslibet servientis . sive etiam 
servicium coquine seu quodcunque aliud forinseemn servicium ad nos jjertinens . 
tot\im illud servicium eisdem monachis dedi in perpetuam elemosuiam . et 
qiiietum clamavi et relaxavi totaliter in perpetuum . undeviginti et octo denarios 
de K1LLECUI4LUM . et quatuordecim denarios de terra Gillemichel quos solebant 
reddere ad coquinam oomitis . et redditum quatuor solidorum et trium obolorum 
quos solebaut annuatim reddere de terra Jhouaf Troyisgam juxta Kattepitte 
prefatis monachis in puram et perpetuum elemosinam dedi et relaxavi in per- 
petuum. Et oninia alia forinseca servicia ad nie vel ad lieredesmeos pertinentia . 
predictis mouachis sicut predictum est omnino remisi preter prefatam dimidiam 
marcam de Landgewy. Et^ totam communam in toto marisco meo ad occi- 
dentalem partem ville de Kaerdif . inter Taf et Eley concessi et dedi eisdem 
monachis in perpetuam elemosinam . reddendo inde michi annuatim et heredibus 
meis pro singulis eapitibus averiorum suorum quantum burgenses de Kaerdif 
reddere solebant pro singulis capitibus averiorum suorum in predicto marisco 
pascentium tempore Willelmi comitis Gloucestrie . Scilicet pro decem ovibus 
unum denaiium . et pro duobus averiis unum denarium. Preterea concessi et 
confinuavi eisdem monacliis omnes donationes quas eis fecerunt antecessores mei . 
et omnes confirmationes et concessiones eorum sicut carte illorum testantur. 
Soilicet omnes terras cum pertinentiis suis inter aquam de Kenef[eg] et 
ulteriorem ripam aqvie de Avene ulterioris que est ad oecidentem heremitagii 
Theodorici . et sicut montana tendimt a sursa aque de Kenef[eg] . usque ad 
locum MiDDELCROs . et inde in transversum usque ad Blainant Disculua . et 
inde usque ad Eiddekeuelechy . et inde sieut Avene deseendit in mare. Et 
totum wi-ek inter Avene et Kenef[eg] . et pisearias de Avene totas . ut 
nemo ex altera parte eas impediat nec mittat manum ad piscandum iu tota 
AvENE nisi per illos. Et piscariam suam iu a^jue de Kknef[eg]. Et unum 
burgagium in Kenefeg. Et unum biu'gagiiuu iu Kaerdif. Et unum bui'- 
gagiura in Novo Burgo. Et unum burgaghun in Bristoll' quita de tina et 



463 



omni alio servitio seeulari. Et libertatem et quietanciam de theloneo per omnes 
burgos meos de omnibus rebus quas ipsi vel homines eorum qui sunt ad manu- 
pastum eorum vendiderint vel emerint. Preterea conoessi eisdem mouachis et 
confirmavi omnes donationes et confirmationes liberorum hominum meorum siout 
carte illorum testantiu-. Scilicet terram Sturmy cum pertinentiis suis. Et 
quicquid habent ex dono Gilleberti G-ramus et heredum ejus. Et ex dono 
Espus terram suam super Cornelyisdune. Et quicquid habent ex dono bur- 
gensiimi de Kenef[eg] et liberorum hominum in eadem villa vel extra. Et 
unum feodum de Landgewy ex dono David Scurlag . et concessione Nicholai 
PoiNZ. Et quicquid habent ex dono Pagani de Turbervilla et heredum 
ejus in Koytkarth. Et ex dono Wronuch ab Kadugan terram suam apud 
Horegrave. Et ex dono filiorum Hereberti Killecullum. Et ex dono 
MoRGANi filii OwEN Hevedhalok. Et quicquid habent ex dono Morgani 
filii Karadoci vel heredum ejus vel liberorum hominum suorum in marisco 
de AvENE . et Berches . et Rossaulin. Et eommimem pasturam inter 
Avene et Neth . et totam communam pasture inter Kenef[eg] et Hogomor. 
Et terram que apellatur Pultimor . et ejusdem terre forinsecimi servicium 
dedi eis et relaxavi in perpetuam elemosinam. Et ex dono Willelmi de 
LoNDONiis et heredum ejus Egliskeynwer. Et decem solidatas terre apud 
Marcros . ex dono Philippi de Marecros. Et ex dono Ade de Sumery et 
heredum ejus redditum viginti quatuor solidorum apud Denispowys. Et quic- 
quid habent ex dono Henrici de Umframvilla et heredum ejus apud Land- 
meuth[in] . et Bradington'. Et duodecim acras terre ex dono Urbani de 
Pendiuelin. Et ex dono Hugonis de Landkaruan triginta tres acras. Et ex 
dono Ade de Sumery duodecim acras. Et ex dono Joruarth filii Justini duas 
aoras. Et ex dono Walteri Lacheles teiram que dicitur Lanchelesland. 
Et ex dono Templariorum quadraginta acras. Et quicquid habent ex dono 
JoHANNis de Bonevill' et heredum ejus vel liberonim hominum suorum . 
soilicet totum feodum de Bonevill'. Et ex dono Moreduh communam terre 



464 



sue in boscis et pasturis quantum opus liabuerint ad usum grangie sue de Land- 
meuth[in] . et ad equicium suum. Et quicquid habent ex dono Roberti 
Samson . in feodo Sancti Nicholai. Et quicquid habent ex dono burgensium de 
Kaerdif . vel liberorum hominum in eadem villa vel extra . vel apud Lystel- 
bon'. Et quicquid habent ex dono Nicholai Poinz . et liberorum hominum 
suorum in manerio de Tokyntun' cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. Preterea 
concessi dictis monachis omnes emendationes et mehorationes quas facere possunt 
in feodo quod de me tenent . libere et sine vexatione faciant . Quare volo et 
firmiter precipio ut predicti monachi habeant et teneant hec omnia libere et 
quiete . integre et plenarie . in bosco et plano . in viis et semitis . in aquis et 
molendinis . in vivariis et stagnis . in moris et mariscis . in turbariis et piscariis . 
in pratis et pasturis . et in omnibus aUis locis et rebus cum omuibus libertatibus 
et liberis consuetudinibus suis. 

Concessi insuper et coufirmavi predictis monachis quod ubicunque terras et 
possessiones de feodo meo habent vel habebunt de omni placito et forisfacto quod 
in terris eorum evenerit . suam habeant cuiiam nisi de felonia. Et si aliquis de 
tenentibus ipsorum per feloniam vitam forisfecerit . terra et catalla sine contra- 
dictione monachis remaneant quantum ad me et ad heredes meos pertinet. 
Omnes etiam possessiones et libertates ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan sicut 
eas pure pro amore Dei concessi et confirmavi . heredibus meis et suocessoribus 
conservandas et manutenendas eausa Dei commendavi. Heo autem omnia ego 
et heredes mei dictis monachis contra omnes mortales warantizabimus. Ut autem 
mea concessio et confinnatio perpetue stabilitatis robur optineant . presens scrip- 
tum sigilli mei appositione roboravi. Hiis testibus . Patricio de Chauus . 
RoGERo de SuMERY . NicHOLAo PoiNz ; Galerido de Fanucurt . Stefhano 
Bauceyn . Radulfo de Beuchamp . Johanne la Ware . Waltero de Sulya . 
GiLLEBERTO de Umframvilla . JoHANNE de Reigny . Ada Wallensi. 

Seal wanting, originally appended by a round bobbin of green silk strung 
through holes in the veUuDi. 



465 



Endorsed — ' Carta Ricardi de Clate pro diversis terris et tenementis etc. a 
Kenefeg ad ulteriorem Ripam de Auan et piscarias totas in Auan et Wreckum 

inter Auan et Kenfig et domesticos liberos esse de tolneto et ffelonia ' 

' Berches et Pultimor et commune pasturse inter Neth . Auan . Kenfig et 
Ogmore.' ' Comon in Keuencribor.' ' Withoute date.' 

(Ij Vacai, overliue here in the Charter. 



CCCCLXVII. 

MANDATE OF ELIAS, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, TO THE PRIOR 
OF CARDIFF, INSTRUCTriNG HIM AS TO EXCOMMUNI- 
CATING SUNDRT MALEFACTORS. 

[CoTTON MS. Cleop. A. VII., f. 69.] 1230—1240. 

E. Dei gratia Landavensis episcopus, dilectis sibi in Christo fratribus, priori 
de Kairdif et ejusdem loci capellanis, salutem et benedictionem. Mandamus 
vobis firmiter injungentes quatenus omnes detentores decimarum occasione 
servientium vel messorum, et omnes detentores decimarum quse renovantm- per 
annum, si semel, secundo, et tertio commoniti, excessum suum non emendaverint, 
auotoritate nostra excommunicationis sententia innodetis. Preterea vobis man- 
damus quatenus in tribus solemnitatibus festivalibus, scilicet nativitate Domini, 
Penticoste, assumpcione B. MARiiE, excommunicetis in genere, et solemniter, 
sorciarios, perjuros supra sacrosancta, incendiarios, u«urarios, raptores, puplicos, 
malitiose impedientes execucionem legalium testamentonim, et eos qui pignus, 
ubi nihil de sorte minuitur, retinent, postquam de fructibus sortem receperint, 
deductis expensis. Ita tamen quod sine auctoritate nostra vel Officialis nostri non 
absolvantur. Valete. 

3 I 



466 



CCCCLXVIII. 

WILLIAM DE BARRI NOTIFIES TO THE BISHOP OF ST. 

DAVID'S HIS GRANT OF LAND TO NEATH ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 5b.] Circa 1230. 

Reverendo patri et dbmino Minevensi episcopo et universis sanote matris 
ecelesie filiis Willelmus de Barri salutem. Noverit universitas vestra quod 
ego pro salute anime mee et sponse mee et animabus omnium predecessorum et 
successorum meorum dedi et concessi Deo et monasterio Sancte Marie de Neth 
et monachis ibidem divino mancipatis officio triginta acras terre de feudo meo in 
GuER inter montem de Kevenbrin et viam que per silvam de Bruiz tendit ab 
villam de Penmain . cum adjacente communione tam in bosco quam in plano 
in perpetuam elemosinam de me et heredibus meis tenendam ab omni seculari 
servitio et exactione quietam et liberam excepta quadam annua recognitione mihi 
vel heredibus meis persolvenda videlicet xx''- iiiJ°''- pellibus agninis. Et si forte 
numerus predictarum acrarum supra viam prenotatam non plenus fuerit inventus 
concedo ut de terra mea sub eadem via tantam habeant quantitatem predicti 
monachi quanta sufficiat ad perfectam integritatem prescripti numeri. Et ut 
hec mea donatio rata et inconoussa permaneat eam presenti carta mea oonfirmo et 
sigilli mei impressione corroboro. His testibus . Philippo milite de Marcros . 
WiLLELMO Revel constabulario de Sueinnesha . Anfredo Nech . Willelmo 
de Cantol' et Hugone de Villers . Joh.4.nne filio ALvvARni . Samsone filio 
GoLWivE . JoRDANo Fabro de ViLLA Episcopi iu GuER . RiCARDO clerioo et 
multis aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Carta W . de Barri de xxx. acris.' 



467 



CCCCLXIX. 

QUITCLAIM BY MABEL DE BONAVILLA OF HEE DOWER IN 
BONVILLESTON TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 14.] Circa 1230. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Mabilla de Bonavilla consilio amicorum 
meorum quitam clamavi Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus totam dotem meam in terra de Bonevillestun pro ooto 
libris sterlingorum. Et ego wai-autizabo istud contra omnes homines quamdiu 
Tixero. Hiis testibus . Reimundo de Sulia . Roberto Samson . Galfrido de 
Bonavilla . Henrico de Bonavilla . Simone de Bonavilla . Eadulpho 
portario . Willelmo de Kerd' mouachis de Marga[n] et multis aliis. 

Oblong seal of dark green wax, 1 by l^ iuches. In the centre is set a gem 
inscribed in Arabic [translated] ' sou of Mahfuz.' 

Legend — ' s : mabilie : de : bona : villa.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Mabilie de BoneuiU' de dote sua.' 

For Bonville see DXXVUI. 

CCCCLXX. 

GRANT BY OSBEEN BOSSE OF LAND AT HOHELESWEDL 

TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 23.] Circa 1230. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Osbernus Bosse consensu et consilio 
heredum meorum et aliorum amicorum meorum dedi et ooncessi et hac carta mea 
confirmavi Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus in puram et perpetuam elemosinam totam terram meam in Hoheles- 
WRDi scilicet unam acram terre et dimidiam et aliquantulum majus ut dicti 
monachi habeant et teneant eandem terram de me et heredibus meis libere et quiete 
■et pacifice ab omni consuetudiae et exactione et servioio seculari, sicut uUa elemosina 



468 



liberius et quietius teneri potest vel haberi in perpetuum, excepto regali servicio 
quod ad tantam portiunoulam terre pertinet. His testibus . Petro Oroc . Eadui.fo 
de Stokes . HuGONE de Howelle . Eicardo Venatore .Willelmo de Ouhulle . 
Petro senescallo . Johanne de Frith . Eicardo tunc capellano de Tokint'. 
Johanne Aylard monacho de Kyngeswde . Dunstano et Waltero monachis 
de Margan . et multis aliis 

Bndorsed — ' Oarta Osberni Bosse . de ima acra et dimidia.' 

Seal, white wax, a fleur-de-lis, IJin. diam. 

* -|- . sigill' . osberti . bose.' 

Of Osbern Bosae nothing is known. :ind Hoheleswrdi has not been identified. Possibly they were among 
the swarm of small landowners. native and foreign, who were settlednear Margam, and were douors to its 
Abbey. Croc is a better known name. 

It appears from the taxatlon of Pope Nicholas that Margam held lands, a windmill, and certain rents, 
the whole valued at £12 Os. lOid., in and about Tokynton ; and to this it is probable that the Chavter 
relates. Of the grantor nothing has been discovered, Fosbroke (H. of Glouc, II., 105) mentions a family 
of Croke who held under Bath Abbey in Tokynton or Tokint', and appear in an inquisition, 16 Edward II. 
Roger Croke held the property, 6 Edward III. ; and John Croke, outlawed for felony, 21 Edward III., held the 
superior mauor of Olveston under the Prior of Bath. Peter was, no doubt, a member of this family. He 
was of Olveston in 12.i2. A Gilbert Croc witnessed William Earl o£ Glouoester's Charter to Neath : and 
about 1166 Ruald Croc held a Knighfs fee under the same Earl William.as recorded in the Niger Llher of 
the Exchequer. Mr. Floyd meets with a Walter Croc in the Pipe RuU for Staff ord, 31 Henry I. ; and in thc 
Close RoU of King John for Devon. The latter entries probably relateto a stranger ; but the two former 
shew that a family of the name were tenants under Earl William, probably in the fee of Llanmaes. The 
fleur-de-lis of the se.il, like the star, was a common erablem, and throws no light on the user of it. 

Peter de Stoks tests the conrtrmation Charter of 8 John. A family of this name held land in the 
same part of Gloucestershire early in the reign of Hcnry III. 

• John Aylard may be same witli John Ahvard, who, however, is not mentioned as a Monk, See 
CCCCLXVIII. 

OOOOTiXXI. 

QUIT-OLAIM BY WILLIAM, SON OF WILLIAM OOHG, TO 
MARGAM ABBEY, OF LANI) HELD BY HIS FATHEE 
AND HIMSELF AT PEESTESBUEGHE. 

[MARf;AM OhAKTKR.] 

Sciant p. et f. quod ego Wii.lelmus Oohg resignavi et quitas olamavi domui 
de Margan et m. i. D. S. pro me et heredibus meis oum toto jure nostro et 



469 



clamio imperpetuum qiiiuque acras terre cum pertiuentiis suis . quas pater meus 
WiLLELMUS CoHG ct cgo post eum de dicta domo tenuimus . Que jacent in loco 
qui dicitux Prestesburghe . et se extendunt in longum ad viam magnam que 
ducit versus Corneli . ut habeant et teneant diotas quinque acras cum omnibus 
pertinenciis suis libere . quiete . et pacifice . sibi et successoribus suis imper- 
petuimi. Et ut hec mea resignatio et quita-elamacio fimiitatis robui" optineat in 
futurum presens scriptum sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . 
Thoma Gtrammus . Mauricio fi'atre ejus . Willelmo Frankeleyn . Waltero 
filio Hereberti , Thoma Eussel et aliis. 

Seal in dark green wax, slightly pear-shaped, l|in. by lin. A fieur-de-lis 
inverted. 

Legend — ' -t- s' willelmi . cogh.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Willelmi Cohg de resiguacione . v. acrarum teiTe . quas 
pater ejus et ipse post ipsum de nobis tenuerunt.' 

CCCCLXXII. 

INSPEXIMUS BY ELIAS, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, OF A GEANT 
BY HENEY, LATE BISHOP, TO MAEGAM ABBEY, OF THE 
TITHES OF KENFIG, SUBJECT TO A YEAELY PAYMENT 
OF TEN MAEKS TO TEWKESBUEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1230—1240. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris E[lias] Dei 
gratia Landavensis episcopus salutem et benedictionem. 

Ad universitatem vestram voliunus devenire quod nos confirmationem bone 
memorie H[enrici] predecessoris nostri domui de Margan factam et tam sigillo 
suo quam sigillo capituli Landavensis munitam inspeximus in hec verba. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . H. 
Dei gratia Landavensis episcopus salutem gratiam Dei et benedictionem. 



470 



Justis petencimn desideriis animo nos decet benigno condescendere . et ea effectu 
debito complere. Inde est quod nos paci et utilitati tam domus de Teukesbiria . 
quam domus de Makgan in posterum providentes . Concessimus domui de Margan 
omnes proprias decimas suas in parochia de Kenefeg . necnon et omnes garbarum 
decimas que pertinent ad eoclesiam de Kenefeg . et ad omnes oapellas ejusdem 
ecclesie in perpetuum po-ssidendas . Concessimus iusuper prefate domui de Margan 
omnes terras ad diotam ecclesiam et ad predictas capellas pertinentes in perpetuum 
possidendas. Reddendo inde annuatim domui de Teukesbiria decem mareas 
iii capitulo de Teukesbiria. Et domus de Teukesbirie retinuit in manu sua 
curam de spiritualibus altaragium et jus presentandi viearium in eandem ecclesiam 
et omnia ad dictam ecclesiam pertinencia preter prefatas terras et decimas. 
Domus autem de Teukesbiria per se vel per vicarium suum nobis et successori- 
bus nostris pro sinodalibus et ceteris uuiversis ad jus episcopale pertinentibus 
respondebit. Et ne hec nostra perjietua confinnatio malignancium improbitate 
possit infringi . vel decursu magno temporis in dubium devocari . eam presenti 
scripto munimus et sigilli nostri appositione roboramus. Hiis testibus . Wrgano 
archidiacono Landayensi . magistro Mauricio filio ejus . magistro Waltero 
capellano domini episcopi . magistro RAnui.FO Mailoc . Nicholao thesaurario 
Lanuavensi. ^ 

Nos igitur eandem confirmationem ratam stabdem et inconeussam esse volentes . 
ipsam sigillo nostro perpetualiter coufirmavimus. Hiis testibus . Mauritio 
archidiacono et Henrico fratre ejus . Mauricio thesaurario . et Willelmo de 
Lanmeis timc decano. 

Imperfect seal in bronze-greeu wax. 

For the seal and counterseal see Birch, Catal. pp. 283 and 284 (No. 1872). 

Endorsed — ' Tercia,' and ' Confirmatio E. D. G. L. opis. de terra et deoimis 
ecclesie de Keuefeg.' 



471 



CCCCLXXIII. 

GEANT BY JOHN, ABBOT, AND THE CONVENT OP MARGAM, 
TO WILLIAM COGH OF KENFEG, OF LAND AT PREOSTE- 
BEREG' IN KENFIG. 

[Maroam Chartek.] 1213—1234. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Johannes dietus abbas de Margan 
oonsilio et consensu conventus de Margan . dedi et ooncessi Willelmo Cogh 
de Kenefeg . pro servitio suo ci[r]citer quinque acras terre axabilis in territorio 
de Kenefeg apud Preostebereg' . habendas et tenendas de domo de Margan 
libere et qmete . reddendo inde anuuatim domui de Margan unam libram 
piperis . et alteram cimini . ad festum omnium sanctorum . pro omni servitio. 
Et soiendum quod licet ei de filiis suis quemcumque voluerit ejusdem terre 
heredem constituere . Ita tamen quod nec ipse Willelmus . nec heredes sui 
dictam ten-am alicui dent vel vendant . nisi domui de Margan. Domus vero de 
Margan . predictam terram dicto Willelmo et heredibus suis waranti^abit contra 
omnes homines in perpetuum. Hiis testibus . domino Roberto tunc priore . 
Philippo suppriore . Eadulpho portario . Q-alfrido monacho de Margan . 
fratre Eiered' . Hugone . Espus . Willelmo Q-rosso ejusdem loci conversis . 
Daniele ■'capellano de Coithif . Daniele filio ejus . Eicardo clerico de 
Kenefeg . WiLLELMO CoLE . HuGONE juniore . Waltero fratre ejus . Philippo 
CoLE . et multis aliis. 

Seal, dai-k green wax, pointed oval, l-|in. by IJin. A three-quarter figure of 
an abbot ; in the right hand a pastoral staff, the crook turned from the figure, in 
the left hand a book. In the field over the left shoulder five pellets arranged 
in quinounx • • • 

Endorsed — ' Carta quam habuit W. Cogh de v. aoris,' and ' Per Dominum J. 
abbatem.' ' Gololive.* 



472 



CCCOLXXIV. 

AGEEEMENT BETWEEN MARGAM ABBEY AND REYMUND DE 
SULYA, CONCEENING LAND IN BONVILESTONE. 

[Harl. Ch. 75 A. 35.] St. Matthew's Day. 21 Sept. A.D. 1230. 

- M n.B. dY K Q m 

Hec est conventio inter monachos de Margan et Eeymunddm de Sulta 
videlicet quod idem Eeymundus recepit de dictis monachis quindecim marcas 
sterlingorum pro Roberto de Bonevile soilicet totum reditum suum quinque 
annorum de terra de Bonevilestone . pro fine quem fecit dicto Reymundo pro 
concessione sua habenda de firma illa quam fecit predictis monachis de dicta terra 
de Bonevilestone. Ita videlieet quod si aliquo casu warda dicte terre de Bone- 
viLESTONE infra dictos quinque annos devenerit ad Reymundum vel heredes 
ipsius . Nec idem Reymundus . nec heredes ipsius aliquid exigent vel habebunt 
de firma diote teiTe . antequam monachi plenarie perceperint suas quindecim 
marcas . de eadem firma. Actum anno gratie . m°- . cc"- . xxx°- circa festum Sancti 
Mathei apostoli. Hiis testibus . magistro Radulpho Maylok . Willelmo de 
Regny . Willelmo de Sumery . Willblmo Flemmang . Roberto Samson . 
Galfrido de Bonevile . Symone de Bonevile . Roberto Poynz . Galfrido 
Brendan monachis . Roberto de Lanemeuth[in] et Espus conversis de Mar- 
GAN . et multis aliis. 

Round seal, lin. diam. A shield of arms of early form. Three bars. Sully. 

' + SIG MUNDI . DE . SU . . . . ' 



473 



OCCOLXXV. 
NOTIFICATION BY ELIAS, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF TO THE 
ABBOT OF MARGAM, TO PtTLL DOWN THE CHAPEL HE 
HAD BUILT OUTSIDE LANDGEWI GRANGE, AND TO IJSE 
THE CHAPEL WHICH THE BISHOP HAS DEDICATED 
INSIDE THE SAME. 

[Margam Chartee.] 1230—1240. 

Universis Christi fidelibus ad quos preseus scriptum pervenerit . E[lias] . 
Dei gratia Landavensis ecclesie minister humilis salutem eternam in Domino. 

Piis religiosorum petitionibus et votis animo nos decet benigno condescendere 
et precipue in liiis que ad ecclesie honestatem et ad salutem spectant animarum. 
Hino est quod universitati vestre presentibus significamus . nos dilectis in Christo 
filiis abbati et conventui de Margan injunxisse . ut capellam quam extra curiam 
grangie sue de Landgevsti edificaverant . diruant . et in capella que edificata est 
infra curiam dicte grangie auctoritate nostra divina celebrent. Quam quidem 
capellam in propria persona dedicavi. In cujus rei testimonium huic soripto 
sigillum nostrum apposuimus. Hiis testibus . Willelmo de Lanmays' tuno 
decano de Goronid' . Ricardo officiali . magistro Adam tuno decano de 
Penhechen . RicARDO Kamerario persona de Cogan . Waltero Galun . 
Galfrido clerico . et multis aiiis. 

Fragmentary seal of Bishop Elias. 

Endorsed — ' Quod liceat nobis divina celebrare In graagia de Lankewi.' 

It ax^peara from au extent of Knights' feea, probably taken about 12G2, that the Abbot of Margam held 
fee in Langewy. [DOXV.] 



3 K 



474 



, CCCCLXXVI. 

OEETinCATE BY ELIAS, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, THAT THE 
SONS OF ALAYTHOR HAVE QUIT-CLAIMED LAND IN 
AVAN MAESH TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1230—1240. 

Universis Christi fidelibusad quos presens scriptum pervenerit E[lias] divina 
miseratione Landavensis eoclesie minister humilis eternam in Domino salutem. 

Noveritis quod Audoenus Resus et Cradoous filii Alaythor in presentia 
nostra dederunt et quitum clamaverunt domui de Margan et monaohis i. D. s. 
totum pratum in marisco de A\'ene quod dicti monachi tenuerunt de Alaythor 
patre eorum pro dimidia marca annuatim solvenda . et illam dimidiam marcam 
eisdem monachis in perpetuum remiseruut. Ita quod dicti monachi habeant et 
teueant dictum pratum libere et quiete bene et in paoe sicut puram perpetuam et 
liberam elemosinam. Promiserunt etiam dicti Audoenus Resus et Craoocus et 
firmiter se obligaverunt quod singulis annis reddent dictis monachis dimidiam 
mai'cam in festo beati Michaelis pro maximis dampnis et gravaminibus dictis 
monachis ab ipsis illatis. Hec autem omnia fideliter se observaturos una cimi 
Knaytho Choch fratre suo de Basto tactis sacrosanctis juraverunt. Ita quod si 
aliquando ipsos contra predicta venire vel pactum istud infringere contigerit . 
conventio inter dictos monachos et ipsos prius faeta secundum tenorem carte 
quam dicti monaohi de dicto prato habent per omnia observetm' et ipsi sententia 
excommunicationis innodentur. lu cujus rei testimonium presentibus literis 
sigillum nostrum apponi fetimus. 

Seal gone. 

Endorsed — ' Oarta de dimidia marca quam filii Alaythu nobia reddere debent 
annuatim.' 



475 



CCCCLXXVII. 

ABJURATION BY ENER AP KNAYTHO OF THE MOOR OF 
TREIKIK TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Chakter.] 1230—1240. 

Universis Christi fideKbus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Ener ab 
Knaytho salutem in Domino. 

Noveritis universitas vestra quod ego oonsilio et consensu amicorum meorum 
quitum clamavi et abjuravi et hac presenti carta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totum clamium meum 
quod babui de mora de Treykik et totum jus quod dicebam me habere in eadem 
mora . ut habeant et teneant dicti monachi dictam moram libere quiete et pacifice 
pro me et omnibus heredibus meis qui sunt et qui futuri sunt et omnibus succes- 
soribus meis impeiiDetuum . sicut uUa elemosiaa vel uUum tenementum liberius 
haberi potest vel teneri. Et ego et heredes mei wai-antizabimus dictis monaohis 
dictam quitam clamacionem contra omnes homines imperpetuimi. Et sciendum 
quod ego afiidavi et super sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan juravi quod 
omnia ista fideliter . et sine dolo servabo imperpetuum. Hiis testibus . Elia 
timc Landavensi episcopo. 

Endorsed — ' Abjuratio Ener ab Knaytho de mora de Treikik.' 

Treikik appeavs to be Tre-y-gedd uear Baiden (see Birch, Hht. oj Margam Abbey, index.) 

CCCCLXXVIII. 

GRANT BY GEOFFREY, SON OF GRIFFIN BEGAN, TO PHILIP 

DE DINAS POWIS OF A HALF-BURGAGE IN CARDIFF. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 7.] 13th Century.^ 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Galfridus filius Griffini Began assensu 
et voluntate Resi fratris mei . uxoris mee . et heredum meorum pro urgenti 
necessitate mea vendidi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confu-mavi Philippo 



476 



de DiNASPOWis medietateni unius burgagii iii villa de Kaerdif illius scilicet 
burgagii quod jacet iuter burgagium dicti Philippi de Dinaspowis et bur- 
gagium Walteri de Canetune . partem scilicet illam illius burgagii quae jacet 
proxima dicto burgagio dicti Philippi . eujus burgagii unum capud se extendit 
versus orientem secundum longitudinem burgagiorum dictorum Philippi et Wal- 
TERi . et reliquum capud ad vicum qui jacet versus partem borrealem et partem 
australem . ex parte orientali ecclesie Sancti Johannis in Kaerdif . et una costa 
ad burgagium Walteri de Canetune . et reliqua costa ad burgagium dicti 
Philippi . habendum et tenendum de me et beredibus meis vel assignatis meis . 
dicto . Philippo et beredibus suis vel assignatis suis . libere quiete . bene . 
pacifice . et integre imperpetuum jure bereditario sine omni impedimento eontra- 
diccione et calumpnia. Reddendo inde annuatim domino comiti redditum 
dimidii burgagii siouti mos est in villa de Kaerdif scilicet sex denarios ad quatuor 
anni terminos . videlicet ad f estimi Sancti Michaelis tres obolos . ad festum Pasohe 
tres obolos . ad natale Domini tres obolos . ad festum Sancti Johannis Baptiste 
tres obolos . pro omni servicio seculari . exactione et demanda. Pro hac autem mea 
vendioione et concessioue et carte confirmacione dedit mihi dictus Philippus duas 
marcas esterlingorum iu ingressu pre manibus. Et ego et heredes mei vel assignati 
mei dictum dimidium burgagium eum omni libertate quam ego inde habui dicto 
Phihppo et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis contra omnes homines et feminas 
imperpetuum warentizabimus. Et si contingat quod dictum dimidium bur- 
gagium dicto Philippo etheredibus suis vel assiguatis suis ego et heredesmei vel 
assignati mei warentizare non possimus . dabimus dicto Philippo et heredibus 
suis vel assignatis de terra nostra apud Lanleoder ad valenciam dicti dimidii 
burgagii . dictis PnrLippo et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis habeudum et 
tenendum imperpetuum ut prediotum est et eam eisdem imperpetiiuni waronti- 
zabimus. Et ut hec mea vendicio concessio et carte confirmacio rata et stabilis 
imperpotuum perseveret . hano presentera cartam . meam sigilli nu'i nmniraine 
impressam roboravi . et eidem Philippo . in pleuo hundrodo do Kaerdif 



477 



liberavi. Hiis testibus . Dominis Jordano Alewy . Eoberto Godard . Thoma 

CrISPO . EOBERTO EuMBOLD . JOHANNE AlEWY . JoHANNE GoDMAN . SeLIM.\N 

LcDE . Nicolao de Pennarth . Waltero de Oanetone . Simone le Vox . 
Ada de Pencoteri . Eoberto Hosebonde . et multis aliis. 

No seal. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Philippi de Dinesspowis.' 

(1) Circi. 1230. cf Xo. CCCOXCV. 



cccclxxix. 
GEANT by john de beeus, loed of gower, to neath 

ABBEY OF FLSHEEIES IN THB TAWY, Etc 

[P.E.O., Q.E., MiscELL. BooKs, Vol. I., f. 486.] Ante 1231. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego .Tohannes de Breus dominus de Gtouher' 
dedi et concessi Deo et beate Marie et monachis de Neth pro salute anime mee 
et omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum medietatem duarum piscariarum 
in aqua mea de Tawy quarum una est juxta castellum de Sweyns' et altera apud 
HoREGROvE ubi Menroth cadit iu Tawy. Concessi etiam eis duo loca juxta 
piscai'ias predictas ad faciendum domos de me et heredibus meis tenenda 
inperpetuum . sicut aKqua elemosina liberius teneii potest . Fecerunt autem dicti 
monachi easdem piscarias in initio donationis mee de custu suo . et quotiens 
reparande erunt ego et heredes mei super eustum nostrum medietatem earum 
reparabimus . et dicti monachi aliam medietatem. Nee pennittam ego vel 
heredes mei aliquem hominem retia ponero ante piscarias illas inpei-petuum nisi 
retia mea propria vel retia illorum. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus 
predictas piscarias predietis monachis coutra omnes honiines et feminas imper- 
petuum. Hiis testibus etc. 

This was John de Braose, named ' Tadody,' who by soaie accounts married Margaret, daughter of Prince 
Llewelyn, and died 16-Henry III. 



478 



CCCCLXXX. 

INSPEXIMUS BY WILLIAM LE BREU.SE, LORD OF GOWER, 
OF THE CHARTER OF HIS FATHER, JOHN DE BREUSE, 
&RANTING HIS SERVIOES IN BISHOPSTON-IN-GOWER TO 
LLANDAFF CATHEDRAL. 

[P.R.O., a.R., MiscELL. BooKs, YoL. I., f. 48G.] 1231—1290. 

Universis Christi fidelibus ad quos presens seriptum pervenerit Willelmus 
de Breuse doniinus de Gouher salutem in Domino. 

Noveritis nos inspexisse cartam domini . Johannis de Breus' patris nostri in 
hec verba. 

Sciant presontes et futuri quod ego Johannes de Breuse ad peticionem 
domini Willelmi secundi Landavensis episcopi remitto et quietas clamo . 
Deo et ecolesie beati Thelyawy de Landaf . pro me et heredibus meis onines 
exaociones et extorsiones et consuetudines et omnia secularia servicia quocumque 
nomine appellentur . quse antecessores mei vel eorum balli\i sive Franci sive 
Walenses consueverunt exigere vel extorquere de hominibus in villa de 
Bisschopiston' in Gower. Et si ego vel antecessores mei aliquod jus alioujus 
servicii exaccionis et demande . in dicta villa aliquo tempore habuimus . pro 
anima mea et anteoessorum et sucoessorum meorum liberum et quietum ab omni 
seculari servicio et exaccione Deo et ecclesie beati Theliawy de Landaf . do et 
concedo iu puram et perpetuam eljonosinam. Et ut heo mea donatio et ooncessio 
rata et stabilis permaueat . presens scriptum sigilli mei apposicione roboravi. 
Hiis testibus . Domino Johanne tunc abbate de Morgan . Mauricio ai'ohidi- 
acono Landavensi . luagistro Radulpho Mayloc . Henrico de Umframvile . 

ReYMUNDO de SULLYE . WlLLELMO do ReYNI . HeNRICO de VlLERES . JOHANNE 

de Gossinton' . Rogero de Gtossinton' fratre ipsius . Mauricio Thessaurario . 
Henrico de Lancaruan . Radulpho de Novocas'I'RO clerico . magistro de Sancta 
Trinitate . et multis aliis. 



479 



Nos autem istam remissionem quietam clamacionem donacionem et concea- 
sionem ratara habentes et gratam sine aliqua reelamacione oontradiccione 
oalumpnia vel perturbacione pro nobis et heredibus nostris Deo et ecclesie 
beati Theliawy de Landaf imperpetuum concedimus et confirmavimus. In 
cujus rei testimonium huic presenti soripto sigillum nostrum apposuimus. Hiis 
testibus . magistro Simone de Radenor tuno arohidiacono Landaf . Domino 
Waltero de Syllie . Domino Eoberto de Penres . Domino Philippo de 
Florie . Domino Johanne de Yilers . Domino Ricardo de Mora . Domino 
Danyel Syward . Domino Willelmo de Berkeroles . Domino Willblmo de 
Derneforde . Willelmo de Barri . Henrico Scurlage . Willelmo de 
Langetone . Philippo de Neth . Johanne do Mora et aliis. 

CCCOLXXXI. 

GRANT BY WILLIAM GILLEMICH' OF LAND IN KENFia 

TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

[TJniversis Sancte matris ecclesjie filiis qui presentem inspexerint cartam 
WiLLELMUs Gillemich' salutcm. 

Notum facio universitati vestre senti carta mea confirmasse 

Deo et beate Marie et monachis de Margan . cbnsensu et concessione conjugis 

parentum meorum et amicorum . viij°- acras terre mee que est in territorio 

de Kenefeg liberas et quietas ab omni [servitio et] seculari exactione in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam pro salute anime mee et antecessorum meorum et 
successorum . que videlicet . . . . e divisis terre Mehi ad orientem . et incipiunt 
a magna via ad septentrionem que vadit de loco qui fuit .... versus Kenefeg 
et tendunt sursum ad austrum. Has igitur viii"- aoras sicut ibidem sunt mensu- 

rate et suis finibus monachis in sempiternum concedo. Et juramentum 

etiam tam ego quam filius meus et parentes eis prestitimus . quod uunquam per 



480 



[mojlestiam propter hanc meam donacionem sustinebunt. Et quod 

eontra omnes hommes hanc terram eis ■warantizahimus. Et si aliquod [olam]iu[m] 
inde aliquando f uerit requisitum . Ego et heredes mei illud debemus de reliqua 
terra adquietare. Hiis testibus . Willelmo cellarario [et] Willelmo por- 
tario de Margan . Gtodefrido monacho . Walawet filio Willelmi . Jovoro 
fratre ejus . Retherbd fratre ejusdem . Cnitlin E.etherech et Rigered, 
filiis suis . Selsillo filio Cnitlin . Angarat uxore Willelmi . Weirvill' filia 
ejusdem . Roberto Pulmor converso . Philippo Weste et Eadulpho fratre 
ejus et aliis pluribus. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Willelmi Gillemich de viij. acris.' 

CCCCLXXXII. 

CONFIEMATION BY WALAUETH, SON OF WILLIAM 
GILLEMICH', OF HIS FATHEE'S LAND IN KENFIG 
TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris . Walaueth filius 
Willelmi Gillemich' salutem. 

Sciatis me consilio et conseusu fratrum . parentum . et amieorum meorum 
dedisse et coneessisse et hac carta confii-masse Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de 
Margan . et mouaehis ibidem Deo servientibus totam terram que fuit patris mei 
WiLLELMi Gillemich' iu territorio de Kenefeg cum omnibus aisiamentis et 
pertinentiis suis in pratis pastiuis et in omnibus aliis rebus in puram et per- 
petuam elemosinam . ut habeant et teneant eam liberam et quietam ab omni 
servitio et consuetudine et exactione seculari . sicut ulla elemosina liberius haberi 
et teneri potest. Et si aliquod servicium ad coquinam comitis . vel ad aliud aUquid 
requiritur ahquando do predicta terra . Ego et heredes mei illud omnino ad- 
quietabimus de terra nostra de Ketlialanwir. Et contra omnes homines tam 
propinquos nostros quam extraneos prefatis monaehis . hanc donacionem nostram 



481 



■warantizabimus imperpetuum. Et hec omnia me facturum et sine uHo dolo 
servaturum affidavi . et super sanctuaria prenominate ecclesie juravi et plegios 
inveni . Scilicet Alaithu fllio Tthenard . et Q-riffinum filium Cnaith . et 
Gaufridum filium Onaithu. Hiis testibus . Ithel et Riereth filiis Riwil . 
E.ESO CoH . Enion et Tudor filiie Rierid . Ruathlan filio Roberti ab Enniaun. 
Endorsed — ' Carta ejusdem de tota terre patris sui.' 

CCCCLXXXIII. 

GRANT BY JORUARD, SON OF GISTELLARD, OF LANDS AT 

CATPIT AND CORNELI, ETC, TO MARGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant omnes presentes et futmi . quod ego Joruard filius Gtistellardi . 

dedi et concessi . et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi . pro salute anime mee . 

et antecessorum et successorum meorum. Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de 

Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in pui-am et perpetuam 

elemosinam totum jus meum in tota teiTa que fuit Jeo\af avi mei . scilicet 

apud Catteput . xu. acras . et juxta tenam Hugonis de Herefoed xij. 

acras . et unam acram prati . et xvi. acras apud Corneli juxta terram Walteri 

LuuEL. Habeudum et tenendum de me et heredibus meis libere et quiete ab 

omni servitio et exactione seculari . quantum ad nos pertinet . sicut ulla 

elemosina liberius et quietius teneri potest. Et sciendum quod ego et omnes 

heredes mei . predictas terras abjuravimus imperpetuum . et eas predictis 

monachis contra omnes homiues warantizabimus. Hiis testibus . Waltero 

LuuEL . Stephano clerico . et Ricardo filio ejus . Wasmero . Alaythur . 

Reso Coch . et multis aliis. 

Round seal, dark green wax, l^in. diam. An omamented estoile of twelve 

rays. 

' 4- SIGILl' . IEREVORDI . FILII . gistelardi.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Joruardi filii Gistelardi ' ; and later — ' in Catput, Cornely, 

etcet.' 

3 L 



482 



CCCCLXXXIV. 
QUITCLAIM BY TUDUR AND OTHERS, SONS OF YORUARD 
AB GISTELARD, OF THE PEYTEVIN LAND, TO MARGAM 
ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Ohristi fidelibus presens soriptiiin visuris vel audituris . Tudur . 
Gradoc . Knaithur . Alathu . Q-RONU filii YoRUARD ab Q-isTELARD . salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod nos consilio Yoruard patris nostri et 

Thatherech matris nostre et alionim amioorum nostrorum quitum clamavimus 

Deo et ecolesie beate Marie de Margan et m. i. D. s. totum jus quod dioebamus 

nos habere in terra Peyteuin . vel umquam habituros esse. Ita quod dicti 

monachi habeant et teneant dictam terram liberam et quitam ab omnibus nobis 

et ab omnibus heredibus nostris in perpetuum . et ut monachi omnino seouri 

essent de nobis . affidavimus et super sacrosancta eoclesie de Margan juravimus 

quod numquam clamiura vel querelam versus eos movebimus de eadem terra . 

quicquid contingat de Tatherech matre nostra oujus occasione dicebamus nos 

habere jus in diota terra. Hiis testibus . Mauricio persona de Langenuth . 

YoRUARD ab Espus . Ener ab Knaytu . Wronu Du . Philippo ab Kadugan . 

Cradoc ab RicARD . Mederod ab Kanan . et Roberto Poynz . Willelmo . 

Waltero monachis . Reredo . Hugone . Espus . conversis de Margan . et 

multis aliis. 

Pointed oval seal, dark green wax, l|in. by lin. ; an ornamental fleur-de-lis 
inverted. 

' -I- SIGILLU' . FILIORU' . lORVERT . GISTELAR.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta filiorum Joriiard ab Gistelard.' 



483 



CCCCLXXXV. 

GRANT BT KETHERECH, SON OF JOHN DU, OF FIVE ACRES 
OF THE LAND CALLED PEITHEYIN, i.e.. THE "LAND OF 
THE POICTEVINE" TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Seiant omnes tam presentes quam futui'is quod ego Ketherech filius Johannis 
Dv' dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi D. et B. M. et m. de M. 
consilio et consensu conjugis mee et parentum et amicorum . pro salute anime 
mee . et fratrum meorum et parentum . et amicorum v. acras terre de libero 
tenemento meo in terra que vocatiu' terra Peitheuin . habendas et tenendas 
liberas et quietas ab omni servitio et seculari exactione in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam. Ita quod si aliquod servicium sive domini Regis . sive aliud fueiit 
inde aUquando requisitum . ego et heredes mee de reliqua terra illud faciemus ut 
monachi sint in omnibus in perpetuum quieti. Et sciendum quod predicte acre 
jacent juxta magnam viam que vadit de Kenefec versus Kardif per villam 
Walteri Lupei.li . conjunote et contigue ipsi vie ad meridianam partem . 
incipientes contra angulum prati Walteri Lupelli quod est ex altera parte 
predicte vie ad aquilonem. Et qxiia ego sigillum non habui sigillo prioris de 
OwENi hanc presentis donationis mee caiiam consignavi. Testibus . Willelmo 
Killemichael' . Eniawo filio Richeredi Breuel . Ketherech filio Cradoci 
Du . GrRiFiNO filio Keneithur ab Herbert . Ithello filio Ri\vel . Jordano 
converso de Margan . Willelmo Portario . Godefrido monacho . Eniawo 
clerico. 

Seal as in the other nearly similar deeds. 

Endorsed — ' Ketherech de v. acris.' 



484 



Pointed oval seal of Ewenny Prioiy, red wax, fine but chipped. The Prior, 
standing tumed slightly to the left, holding in the right hand a scroll, in the left 
a book. 

' + SIGILLUM . PRIOr[i]s . SCl' . MICH[aEL' . De] UGGOMOR'.' 











John Jevau Du. 

1262. 

1 








Ketherec. 








Caradoc Du 


Thaterech, 
a daughter. 




Ooh.=- 


-bI. 


Ketherec. 




Espus. 


Kea Coh. 


Roger. Gradoc. 


Ythenard. Ketherec. 


Wrou u . 


,Torverd= 


Bes Coh, 
Junior. 


1 
Griffiu. 


Res. 


Meuric 


1 
Willim. 


Espus. 


.Torvard 
Vachan, 



OCCCLXXXYI. 

SUIT CONCERNING THE WAEDSHIP OF THE LAND AND 

HEIR OF MEREDUC SEYS. 

[Rotul. Fin. L, 235.] 1232. 

Nesta que fuit uxor Mereduc Seys qui tenuit terram suam de Gtleberto 
quondam cumite Gloucestrie cujus ten'£e et hasredis custodia est in manu 
Regis finem fecit cum Rege pro x. marcis iiro habenda custodia terre et heredis 
ipsius Mereduc usque ad legitimam setatem ejusdem haeredis cum maritagio 
ejusdem haeredis. Et maudatum est P. de Rivali quod accepta ab ea securitate 
de predictis decem marois Rpgi reddeudis ei de tota terra cum pertinenciis quam 
predictus Mereduc tenuit de predicto comite et unde idem Mereducus fuit 
eaisitus die quo obiit sine dilatione plenam saisinam habere faciat. Teste Rege 
apud Strigoil xix. die Decembris. 

The uaine of Sey3, a corniptiou of .Saison, 'an Englishmau,' is not couiuiou iu Glamorgau, though 
Eincin Sais, of Senghenydd is well-known, hut lie used it as a persoual distiuction, uot as an hereditary 
surname. Richard Seys, son of Evan, or po.ssihly Roger Seys, of Boverton, by Mary Bridges, of the Couuty 
of Gloucester, was Attorney General for Wale.' in the time of Elizahotlv Tlio heircss of Seys raarried 



\ 



485 



Jones, of Fonmon, and a daughtei- ot a Richard Seys, of Borevton, married abont I20S Peter King. 
afterwards Lord King and Lord Chancellor. The name is still extant in Monmouthshire. Meredith Seys 
held land under Earl Gilbert, and his widow as Custos, paid 10 marks to Peter de RiTali, as SherifE. The 
Lordship was theu in the King's hand on account of the death of Earl Gilbert, and the minority of 
his son and successor Earl Richard. The King sold the wardship of her son to Nest, Meredith'3 
widow, It 19 probable that Seys, of Boverton. descended from Binon Sais, through Howel Sais or Seys. 



CCCCLXXXVII. 
WILLIAM 

GEANT BY JOe*J DE BREUSA TO MEUEIC COTK OF TEN 
ACRES OF WASTE IN THE MANOR OF LANDIMORE, RENT 
A GARLAND OF ROSES. 

[Margam Charter.] 1232—1290. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus de Breus' filius et lieres domiiii 
JoHANNis de Breus' dedi coacessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Meurico 
CoYK pro homagio et servitio suo decem acras terre de vasto meo iu Manerio 
meo de Landimor que jacent insimul inter Penmenuj) et Pantglas. Ita quod 
longitudo cujuslibet acre erit de viginti perticatis et latitudo de ooto perticatis per 
perticam viginti quatuor pedura. Tenendum et habendum dictis Monachis et 
heredibus suis vel assignatis de me et heredibus meis vel assignatis dictam 
terram cum omnibus pertinentiis suis libere quiete bene et in pace. Reddendo 
inde annuatim michi et heredibus meis vel assignatis ipse et heredes sui vel 
assignati unum sertum rosarum ad Nativitatem beati Joh.innis Baptiste pro 
omuibus serviciis exactionibus et demandis ad dictam terram spectantibus. Et 
ego et heredes mei vel assignati predictam terram cum omnibus suis pertinentiis 
sicut predictum est dicto Meurico et heredibus suis vel assignatis contra omnes 
homines et feminas inperpetuum warentizabimus. In cujus rei testimonium 
presentem cartam sigilli mei inpressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . Domino 
Johanne de Houton' . timc senescallo Q-oherie . fratre Willelmo de Landu 
monaeho de Neth . Henrico Scorlagge . David de la Bere . Roberto de la 
Mare . David de Landimor . Philippo Meuric . Henrico Dauy . et aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Koyg.' 

John de Breusa + 1232. William. his son + 1290. 



486 



CCCOLXXXVIII. 

CONF;iiMATION BY MORGAN AB CADWATHLAN OF HIS 
FATHER"S GEANT TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus S. e. f. p. et f. qui hanc cartam inspexerint Morganus filius 
Kadwathlan salutem. 

Noverit univers[itas] vestra me ooncessisse et hac carta mea confii-masse omnem 
donationem quam fecit Cadwathlan pater meus domui de Margan et monachis 
i. D. s. de donatione terrarum quam fecit eisdem mouachis et de pasturis et aliis 
aisiamentis in terra sua habendis . per omnia sicut karta ipsius testatui". Hanc 
donationem ego concessi predictis monachis plenius consilio et consensu amicorum 
meorum . ut iijsi eam habeant et possideant in pm'am et perpetuam elemosinam . 
liberam et quietam . ab omni seeulari servitio et exactione. Et sciendum quod 
ego concessi predietis monachis plonius omnia pascua per totam terram meam . 
quam pro patre meo hereditare debeo . in bosco et plano . et iu omnibus locis 
exceptis terris cultia et pratis. Et hanc ipsam donationem ego juravi super 
sanctas reliquias quod warantizabo eis contra o. h. in perpetuum et quod ego 
protegam eos et catalla eorum . et custodiaui pro posse meo in omnibus loeis. 
Hiis testibus . Odone de Novo Btjrgo . Meuric filio Eogeri . VRENfilioWEiR . 
IvoR Keloit et multis aliis. 

Entitled — ' Confii-matio Morgaui ab Cadwathlan de Kevemahhaj.' Also, 
' Carta Morgani filii Cadwathlan de donationibus patris sui in terris pasturis et 
aisiamentis in terra sua habendis.' Also, ' Morgani filii Kadwathlau debet esse 
cum Kevemahhay.' 



487 



CCCCLXXXIX. 

GEANT BY MORGAN AB CADWATHLAN OF COMMON OF 

PASTURE TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant omnes p. et f. quod ego Morganus ab Oadwathlan . coneessi et dedi 
in perpetuam elemosinam et hae carta m [ea] confirmavi Deo et ecclesie beate 
Marie de Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo servientibixs communam pasture 
mee de tota terra mea in longum et latum . tam ad equicium suum quam ad 
cetera averia sua . excepto blado et prato . scilicet . versus orientem . sieut 
di[vise] vadunt inter terram meam . et terram Hoeli filii Moredu . et versus 
occidentem . sicut divise vadunt inter terram meam et ter[rain] Morgani 
Kam . et versus austrum . per divisas que sunt inter me . et Gilbertum de 
TuRBERUiLLE . et vcrsus aquilonem . quantum terra mea se extendit erga partes 
illas . Eeddendo inde michi et heredibus meis annuatim unam marcam argenti 
ad duos terminos . Scilicet dimidiam marcam ad Pascha . et dimidiam marcam 
ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omni servicio et seculari exactio[ne. Et] ego 
et heredes mei warantizabimus eis predictam pasturam contra omnes homines in 
perpetuum. Quod si forte propter guen-am vel aliquem alium casum non 
poterimus eis prefatam pasturam warantizare . vel si ipsi ad eam propter 
guerram vel aliquod aliud impedimentum non poterint venire . cessabunt interim 
prefatam marcam . [done]c possint libere e8,ndem pasturam frequentare. Et 
sciendum quod non permittam aliquem hominem n[ostrum] pl[acita]re eis 
aliquam pasturam . appropriando eam sibi excepto blado et prato. Et ego 
Morganos juravi super sanctua[ria] ecelesie de Margan . quod hec omnia 
predicta servabo et tenebo prefatis monachis fideliter et sine dolo . et malo 
ingenio. < Hiis testibus. 

Entitled -' Carta Morgani ab Cadwatlan.' 



488 



OCCOXC. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY RES COH TIIE YOUNGER, OF HIS LAND AT 
EGLESKEYNUR, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 40.] All SS. Day. 1234. 

Universis Ohristi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituiis Resus Ooh 
junior salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod ego oonsilio et consensu amicorum meorum 
quitum clamavi et abjuravi et hac carta mea confirmavi pro salute anime mee 
et antecessorum et successorum meorum Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Makgan 
etmonachis ibi Deo servientibus totum clamium meum ettotum jusquod dicebam 
me habere in terra de Egleskeynur occasione forestarie videlicet tres domos in 
pastura de Egleskeynur ad pascendum ubi vellem inter aquam de Garwe et 
aquam de Uggemor extra pratum et bladum. Hoc totum quitum clamavi pro 
omnibus heredibus meis et omnibus meis ut habeaut et teneant dicti monachi 
dietam terram suam soilicet quicquid continetur inter predictas aquas libere 
et quiete et paoifiee pro me et omnibus meis sicut ulla elemosina liberius et 
quietius haberi potest vel teueri in omnibus et per omnia sicut carte donatorum 
quas iude habent testantur. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus hanc quitam 
clamationem contra omnes homines et omnes feminas in perpetuum. Et 
sciendum quod hoc totum faotum est ooram domino Elya Landavense episcopo 
apud Margan circa festum omuium sanotorum anni Domini millesimi ducen- 
tesimi tiioesimi quarti. Et preterea soiendum quod affidavi et super sacrosanota 
ecclesie de Margan juravi quod omnia ista fideliter et sine dolo servabo in 
perpetuum. Et quod fidelis ero dicte domui semper et ubique et quod bona illorum 
custodiaru et defendam pro omni posse meo ubicunque et precipue in terra de 
Egleskkynuh et quod non sinam pro omui posse meo quod aliquis cum averiissuis 
intret in terram de Egleskexur ad pasoendum. Et ut heo coucessio mea rata et 
inooncussa permaneat prodiotus episcopus et Morganus C.vm huic scripto sigilla 



489 



Bua apposuerunt una cum sigillo meo. Hiis testibus . Domino Elya Landavense 
episcopo . MAtrRicio arcliidiacono Landavensi . Willelmo decano de Lanmets . 
magistro Ricardo de Kerlyun . Johanne oapellano . Eicardo notario 
episcopi . MoRGANO Cam . Anyano ab Madoc . Lewelino ab Roger . Torvardo 
ab Espus . OwENo ab Alaythur . Reso fratre ejus . David ab Wylym . 
Lewarh Puygnel . OsBERNO et Thoma de Cantelo monachis de Margan . 
Espus et Antano conversis de Margan . et multis aliis. 

Three seals remain attached : 

1. A circular seal of dark green wax, bearing a star-lite device. 
Legend — ' + sigill resi coh ivnioris.' 

2. An oval seal of green wax, having on oae side the fuU-length figure of a 
bishop fully habited ; on the dexter a star ; sinister, a crescent. 

Legend — ' + elias dei gracia la . . . . episcopvs.' 
Counterseal, a right hand raised in the act of benediction. 
Legend — ' + secret, elie landavensis episcopi.' 

3. A small circular seal of dark green wax, bearing an ill-exeouted impression 
of a knight on horseback. 

Legend — ' sigil gani ca . . ' 

Endorsed — ' Abjuratio Resi Coch junioris de ten-a de Egliskeinwir.' 

The Garw and the Uggemor, or Ogwr, are mountain streams wliioh contrlbute to f orm the modern 
■Ogmore, the river of Bridgend. Blias de Radnor oocapied the See of Llandaff from 1230 till his death, 
13th May, 1240. The first six witnessea are eoclesiastica, the next seTen Welsh laymen. 



3 M 



490 



CCCCXCI. 

NOTIFICATION BY JOHN, RES, ROGEIi, AND OTHER SONS OF 
GRIFFIN BEGAN, OF THEIR AGREEMENT WITH MARGAM 
ABBEY, RESPECTING STURMIESTUN. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 9.] 1234. 

CIROGRAPHUM. 

Universis Christi fidelibiis presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Johannes . 
Resus . RoGERus . Galfridus . Henricus . MoREDUTH . Mauricius filii Griffini 
Began salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas vestra quod loquela illa que 
fuit inter nos ex una parte et Rogerum Sturmi avunculum nostrum ex altera de 
medietate redditus de Sturmiestunb tali fine amicabiliter conquievit, videlicet 
quod nos per consilium Griffini Began patris nostri et Resi filii Griffini 
domini nostri et aliorum amicorum nostrormu quitum clamavimus et abjuravimus 
pro nobis et omnibus heredibus nostris totum clamium nostrum quod habuimus 
versus Rogerum Sturmi avunculum nostrum et totum jus quod dicebamus nos 
habere de medietate dieti redditus de Sturmiestun scUicet de medietate dimidie 
marce quam monachi de Margan solebant reddere annuatim eidem Rogero pro 
terra de Sturmiestun . quam medietatem scilicet quadraginta denarios dicebamus 
predictum Rogerum avunculum nostrum dedisse et incartasse patri nos»tro 
Griffino in maritagium cum sorore sua matre nostra. Juravimus eciam coram 
pluribus bonis viris pro uobis et heredibus nostris in ecclesia de Landaf super 
tumbam Sancti Theliawi et super omnia sacrosancta ejusdem eoclesie quod 
nunquam vexabimus monachos de Margan pro predicto redditu nec pro predicto 
tenemento vel aliqua parte ejus ; set habeant et teneant dicti monachi dictum 
tenementum libere quiete et pacifice pro nobis et omnibus heredibus nostris in 
perpetuum in omnibus et per omnia sicut carta dicti avimculi nostri quam inde 
habent testatur. Et nos istam quitam clamationem nostram warantizabimus 
oontra omnes homines in perpetuum. Et preterea sciendum quod quando fecimus 



491 



dictam quitam clamationem dictus avunculus noster dedit nobis quinque marcas 
sterlingorum per manum monachorum de Margan non pro jvire quod habueiimus 
in clamio nostro set quia nepotes ejus fuimus et voluit nos promovere. Et hoc 
totum factum est anno Domini millesimo ducentesimo tricesimo quarto in 
septimana Pentecostes in ecclesia de Landaf coram domino E. tunc Landavense 
episcopo et Mauricio ai-chidiacono et multis tam canonicis quam clericis ejusdem 
ecclesie . et ooram Reso filio Griffini et multis aliis . existente eodem archidiacono 
procuratore dioti avunculi nostri una cum fratre Johanne tunc abbate de 
Margan. Et quia propria sigilla non habuimus sigillum domini Elye tunc 
Landavensis episcopi et sigillum eapituli ejusdem ecolesie presenti soripto ex 
parte nostra apposita sunt ad peticionem uostram. Et sigillum Mauricii 
archidiaconi et sigillum Jghannis abbatis de Margan procuratorum avunculi 
nostri apposita sunt eidem soripto ex parte ejusdem avimculi nostri. Hiis 
testibus . domino Elya tunc episcopo Landavense . Mauricio tunc archidiacono 
Landavense . Mauricio GrOBioN thesaurario . Eadulfo de Novo Castellq 
oanonico Landavense . magistro Mauricio de Cristchurche . magistro 
E.ICARD0 de Kerliun . Eeymundo de Suly . Willelmo de Eegni . Eeso jBlio 
Griffini . Eeso ab Kenewreg . Yorvard' Velin . Kenewkeg ab Torvard' 
et multis aliis. 

Seals of the Bishop and the Chapter of Llandaif . 

Endorsed — ' Cyrographum filiorum Began . De finali compositione inter ipsos 
et Domum de Margan.' 



492 



CCCCXCII. 

CONFIRMATION BT ELIAS, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, TO MAR- 
GAM ABBEY, OF THE LANDS OF ROSSAWLIN, AND 

PENHUTH. 

[Margam Charter.] 1234. 

E[lias] Dei gi-atia Landavensis episcopus . omnibus Christi fidelibus 
tani clericis quam laicis in episcopatu Landavensi constitutis salutem gratiam 
et benedictionem. 

Universitati vestre notum facimus quod nos divine pietatis intuitu paci et quieti 
dileetorum filionim monachorum videlicet de Margan in futm"um providei'e 
cupientes confinnavimus ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan et dictis m. i. D. s. 
totam terram de Rossaulin c. o. p. suis et terram de Penhuth c. o. p. suis et 
terram de Hauethaloc c. o. p. suis et terram Sturmi o. o. p. suis et terram de 
Egleskenwir c. 0. p. suis sicut carte donatorum testantur. Et capellas de 
RossAULiN et Penhuth et Hauedhaloc de Stiirmiestun . et de EoLESKEiNmR 
c. 0. p. earum liberas et quietas ab omni servicio et exactione et consuetudine tam 
eoclesiastica quam seculari . confirmavimus eciam dictis monachis Bonevilestune 
cum advocacione ecclesie et omnibus aliis pertinentiis suis sicut carte donatorum 
testantm' . necnon et omnes alias terras et possessiones eorum . e. o. p. siout carte 
fundatorum et donatorum suorum testantur . et sicut bone memorie venerabiles 
patres et predecessores nostri W. et H. quondam Landavenses episcopi eisdem 
confirmaverunt. 

Hec omnia predictis monachis confirmavimus auctoritate qua fungimm* 
inhibentes ne quis predictis monachis contra cartas donatorum seu privilegi- 
orum suorum tenorem vexacionem molestiam aut gravamen inferre presumat. 
Et ne premissa devooentm- iu dubiura set firmitatis robur optineant imperpetuum 
presens soriptum sigilli nostri apposioione roboravimus. 

Datum anno gratie m" cc"""- tricesimo quarto. 



493 



CCCCXCIII. 
GEANT BY EOGER STTJEMIi TO MARGAM ABBET OF A 

EENT IN STTJEMT. 

[Harl. Chartek, 75 D. 5.] 

Easter Day. 23 April. 1234. 

Universis Christi f. p. s. v. vel a. Eogerus Sturmi salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod ego consensu et consilio heredum meorum et 
aliorum amicorum meomm concessi et quitum clamavi et hac carta mea confirmavi 
Deo et eeclesie beate Marie de Margan et m. i. D. s. pro salute anime mee et 
anteoessorum et suecessorum meorum . totum reditum meum de terra Sturmi 
scilicet dimidiam marcam argenti quam dioti monachi solebant michi reddere 
annuatim . sicut earta mea quam inde habent . testatur. Ita quod habeant et 
teneant de me et heredibus meis dictam terram Sturmi cum omnibus pertinenciis 
suis in perpetuam elemosinam Kbere quiete et paeifice in perpetuum . ab omni 
servicio consuetudine et exactione seculari . sicut ulla elemosina liberius et 
quiecius haberi potest vel teneri. Excepto hoc quod reddent michi et heredibus 
meis annuatim unum par calcarium vel sex denarios ad Pascha de recognitione. 
Et ego et heredes mei hanc quitam-clamationem dictis monachis warantizabimus 
contra omnes homines in perpetiium. Et sciendum quod quando dictis monachis 
feci hanc quitam clamationem . dederunt michi monachi centum solidos sterling- 
orum. Ita videlicet quod si aliquis heredum meorum aliquando contra hoc 
meum factum venire voluerit . et monachos implacitare . reddet monachis 
predictam simmiam pecunie antequam monachi teneantur respondere. Preterea 
sciendiun quod hoc factum fuit ad Pascha proximum post consecrationem 
Edmundi Cantuariensis arehiepiscopi . scilicet anno Domini millesimo ducente- 
simo tricesimo quarto. Hiis testibus . Eoberto de Oantilupo . Widone Wake . 
Henrioo forestaiio . Johanne Croilli . Eogero tunc priore de Neth . Eicardo 
tunc suppriore ejusdem domus . Gervasio et Galfrido monachis ejusdem 



494 



domus . WiLLELMO de Diuelin . Eoberto PoifNz . Thoma de Cantilupo 
monachis de Maugan . et multis aliis. 

Eound seal, dark green wax, l^in. diam. A seeded fleiu-de-lis. 

' -|- SIGILl' . ROGERI . STURMI.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Eogeri Sturmi junioris.' 

( 1 ) A liiter Boger t ban those in 75 D. ] -4. 

Geoffrey Sturmi granted to Margam, confirmed by Roger bis son, at half a ma.tk rent in perpetual 
farm, the land which he held under the Chief Lord, who, in the person of Earl William, in 1170 coniirmed 
the grant, reserving the service. 

GeofErey also, with the consent of his wife M., bis sona R. and G., aud bis daughter Agnes, granted to 
Margam his land between Herberfs land and the Ijank of tbe Kinithvin ou certain terms, all which grants 
are enumerated and confirmed in Kiug John"s Charter to Margam in 1207. [CL., CCL., CCLI., OCCXIV.] 

Geoffrey Sturmi also' buUt a churcli at Sturmi. wbich gave rise to a dispute about tvthe between Roger 
his son and the parson of Newcastle. 

Geoffrey had a son Geoffrey, whose daughter Agnes married GUbert Burdin, and had Geoffrey and 
William. GeofErey eudowed her with certain lands, on her marriage, which afterwards they exchanged 
with Geoffrey for other lands, which other lands they granted to Margam for the benefit of the soul of 
GeoSErey, with certain reservations. 

The elder Geoffrey'3 son Roger seems to have had a son Roger, called Roger juuior, and a daughter 
who married Griffith Began, and had seven sons, who had a ' loquela ' witb tbeir uncle Roger as to their 
mothers portion. which however w'as settled in 1234, in which year the uncle made a final donation to 
Margam. as above appears, as aleo did the nephews and their parents. 

Sturmi and Esturmi were forms of a name widely spread over England in the thirteenth and fourteenth 
centuries, and especially kuown iu 'Wilts, Hants, and tlie Honour of Gloucester. 

John Sturmy was Lord High Admiral in 1324-6. 

For Burden see note to CLVIII. 

Galfrid Sturmi=M 

C. 1170. I 



Roger S. R. S. Galfrid S. Griffith Began=Agnes S. 



RogerS. 
janior. 



1234. 



(Leuki) 



RogerS. Gilbei;tBurdin=Agne8 8. John. Res. Roger. Galfrid. Henry. Lewelin. Moreduth. Mauric. Cradoc. 



Galfrid B. Reaer B Williani B. 

Sturmicston or Terra Sturmi was between Jlargam and Pyle, and is now rcprescnted by Stormy Down 
in Pyle. It evidently derives its uame from its early owners wlio came from Wilts, where Sturmy or 
Eiturmy waB a well-known name, wherc Richard Esturmi held land in 1160-1, and William Esturmi held 



495 



by Serjeantry the keepershipot a foreat in 1212-17 ; also in Hants, and in the Honour of Gloucester where 
Henry Esturmi held two hydes in 1210-12 ; as well as in other parts of England. John Sturmi was Lord 
High Admiral in 1324-5. Stormy Grange was induded in the Crown sale of Margam to Sir Rice Manael 
in 1540 [MCCCLXV.] aud iu the additional sale of Horgrove and Pyle in 1543 [MCCCLXXV.]. 

Galfrid, or Gaufrid, Sturmi is the first on record in Glamorgan. He leased to Margam at a perpetual 
rent of half a mark, the land which he held in Margam under Earl 'William, who confirmed the transaction 
in 1170, reserving the service ; Roger, son and heir ot Galfrid. consenting [CL.]. Galfrid Esturmi, vnth 
the consent of M. his wife, Roger and Galfrid his sons, and Agnes his daughter, granted to Margam 
his land on the bank of the Kinithwin, circa 1170, [CCL.] all which grants were confirmed by Pope 
Innocent in 1203, and by King John in 1207 [CXLVUI.— CLI.] about which time Galfrid built the 
Ohurch in Villa Sturmi, which, however, has long since disappeared [CLXXXIX.] and which led to the 
dispute about tythe between Roger Sturmi and the Parson of Newcastle. In 1179, Henry II. confirmed 
the family grants to Margam, and one by which Galfred and Roger gave the residue of the land held of 
Earl WiUiam within the fee of Margam. Roger, the son and heir of Galfrid, joining with his father in 
the graut [CCLI.— CCCXIV.]. He settled half the rents of Sturmieston upon his sister, Agnes, when she 
married Griffith Began. He also witnessed Charters in 1185-91 and circa 1200. Countess Isabel confirms 
a gift as "liberorum hominum meorum, scilicet terram Sturmy," if this was a Sturmi grant, it is an 
nnusnal way of describing the donor [CCCXXV.]. For this the Monks were to pay 12 marks of sUver 
and a cappa and four nummi to each son, and when the donor beoame infirm he was to be admitted 
into their community [CCL.]. 

Begau is now a vUlage near Cefn Mably and part ot the estate. The manor was held of the Lord of 
Wentloog by the tenure of quarter of a Knighfs tee. It seems to have tormally been Begansley or Beganton, 
Baganeston, or Bagaston, and there was^a church, so it was probably a parish. A weir upon the Rhymney 
is stiU known as Began's weir. The Begans were probably uative landowners, but no record exists of their 
beiug cormected with that place, which, according to the Welsh pedigrees, belonged originally to the 
Gamages. Andrew Pagan, second son of Pagan de Gamage was of Began, which became the portion 
of EUzabeth his daughter, who married William Kemeys. Another version describes Jorworth or 
Edward Kemeys as marrying Neat or Elizabeth. daughter ot Andrew Beauchamp, and heu-ess of 
her brother Andrew, who died 1320, leaving Beganley, said to be a corruption of Beauchampsley. How- 
ever this may be, Began has certainly for centuries been part of the Kemeys estate, and is said to have 
been their seat before their removal to Cefn Mably. 

There is no regular pedigree of the Begans, what little is known ot them is derived from the Charter 
[CCCCXCI.— 1234], where the children ot Griffiu Begau announced that an amicable settlemeut was 
arrived at between them and their maternal unole Roger Sturmi, conceming the moiety ot the rents ot 
Sturmieston, they, by the advice of their father, and with consent of Res ap Griffith, their overlord, with- 
drew their claim to the moiety of the half mark which the monks of Margam were wont to pay annuaUy to 
Roger for the land of Sturmieston, 40 pence which Roger gave to their father on his marriage 
with hi? sister, their mother. The mother'3 name was Leuki Sturmi. For in DCXC, Cradoc, aon of 
Griffin, confirm.s to Walter de Regny si.x acres in his tenement of Lan Leuder. with the advowson of 
the church, the land was between that of Rees Began and of Leuki, widow ot Griffin Began. It seems 
to have been in East Glamorgan, near Caerau. Also in CCCCLXXVIII., Galfrid Began makes a similar 
confirmation, aud soon atterwards meution is made of the church at Begauston. In 1320-1, Walter Began 
witnesses a Keufig Charter ; iu 1487 Robert Begau occurs as a burgess of Cowbridge. MCCLI. ; and 
in 1515 David Began appears to be connected with Pendoylon. 

It is moreover stated in the Welsh pedigree that Henry Kemeys, Evan ab Jenkyn Kemeys, Regiuald 
Kemeys, Roger aud Morgan Kemeys, James and David Kemeys, were aU ot Began. 



■a 






496 



CCCCXCIV. 

GRANT BY LEWELIN, SON OF GRIFFIN BEGAN, AND HIS 

BRETHEEN, TO MAEGAM A£BEY, OF THEIE LAND IN 

STUEMY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 6.] Circa 1234. 

TJniversis Christi fidelibus p. s. v. vel a. Lewelinus Began et fratres ejus 
scilicet Eesus . Eogerus . Gtalfridus . Johannes . Henricus . Moreduc . 
Mauricius . salutem. 

Noverit uuiversitas vestra quod nos consilio Griffini Began patris nostri et 
aliorum nostrorum quitum clamavimus D. et e. B. M. de M. et monachis ibidem 
Deo servientibus in perpetuam elemosinam totum clamium nostrum de terra 
Sturmy et totum jus quod dicebamus vel putabamus nos habere in eadem terra. 
Et hoc ipsum super sacrosancta ecclesie de Landaf abjuravimus inperpetuum. 
Ita quod idem monaohi habeant et teneant diotam terram libere quiete et pacifice 
solutam et quitam ab omnibus nobis et ab omnibus heredibus nostris inper- 
petuum. Juravimus etiam quod fideles erimus predicte domui et fideliter 
serviemus eidem quamdiu vixerimiis. Et quod boua domus illius custodiemus 
et warantizabimus in omni loco pro posse nostro. Et si forte bona dicte domus 
alicubi in pai-tibus uostris violenter fuerint detenta totum posse nostrum ponemus 
quod ipsa possit sua reeuperare. Et ut hec orania firma maneant et inconoussa 
sigillum domini Elye Landavensis episcopi et sigUlum capituli Landavensis 
presenti scripto feeimus apponi quia propria non habuimus. Hiis testibus . domino 
Helya opiscopo Landavense . Mauricio arohidiaoono Landavense . Henrico 
decano de Kaerdif . Mauricio Gobyon thesaurario . magistro Oervasio oancel- 
lario Landavense . Waltero oantore Landavense . Yuor de Pendul' canonioo 
Landavense . magistro Johanne Word' . magistro Johanne de Lanririt 
offieiali Landavense . Reso filio Griffini . Willelmo de Eeqny . Reymundo 
de SuLY . GiLLiBERTo de TJnframvile . GriLLiBERTO de Turbervile . Willelmo 
Flandrensi: . Eired Grant . Johanne filio ojus . Yoruard Velyn . Kenewrec 



497 



ab ToRUASD . HowEL ab Yuor . Thuder ab Hely . Lowahch ab Worgan . 
Kenewrec ab Eudas . Lewelin ab Tuor . Toruard Vach . Lewelin ab 
GroRONu et multis aliis. 

Two poiiited oval seals in green wax, in good preservation. 

1. 2fin. by Ifui. Device — The Bishop on a pedestal, with stafE, blessing. 
In the field a erescent and an estoile. 

Legend — ' elias . dei . gracia . l[an]davensis . episcopus.' 
Counterseal, a pointed oval, l|in. by lin. Device — A right hand of blessing 
issuing from wavy lines. 

Legend — ' + secretu' . elie . landavensis . episcopi.' 

2. The second type of chapter seal. 
Endorsed — ' Carta filiorum GbiSini Began.' 

CCCCXCV. 

QUIT-CLAIM TO MAEGAM ABBET BT THE SONS OF GRIFFIN 

BEGAN AGAINST EOGER STURMT, THEIR UNCLE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 8.] "Whitsun Week, 1234. 

Universis Christi fidelibus p. s. v. vel a. Johannes . Resus . Rogerus . 
Galfridds . Henricus . Moreduth . Mauricius . filii Griffini Began salutem 
in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod nos consilio Griffim Began patris nostri et 
Resi filii Griffini domini nostri et aliorum amiconun nostrum quitum clamavi- 
mus et abjuravimus pro nobis et omnibus heredibus nostris totum clamium 
nostrum quod habuimus versus Rogerum Sturmi avunculum nostrum . et totum 
juB quod dieebamus nos habere de medietate redditus de Sturmiestune . scilicet 
dimidie maroe . quem monachi de Margan solebant reddere annuatim eidem 
Eogero pro terra de Sturmiestune . quam medietatem seilicet quadraginta 
denarios dicebamus predictum Rogerum avimculum nostrimi dedisse et ineai-tasse 
patri nostro Griffino Lu maritagium cum sorore sua matre nostra. Juravimus 

3N 



498 



etiam coram pluiibus bonis viris pro nobis et heredibus nostris in ecclesia de 
Landaf super tumbam Sancti Theliaavi . et super omnia sacrosancta ejusdem 
ecclesie quod nunquam vexabimus monachos de Margan pro predicto redditu 
nec pro predicto tenemento vel aliqua parte ejus . set habeant et teneant dicti 
monaohi dictum tenementiim libere quiete et pacifice pro omnibus nobis et 
omnibus heredibus nostris in peiiJetuum in omnibus et per omnia sicut oarta 
dioti avunculi nostri quam inde habent . testatur. Et nos istam quitam clama- 
tionem nostram warantizabimus contra omnes homines in perpetuum. Et 
preterea sciendum quod quando fecimus dictam quitam clamationem . diotus 
avunculus noster dedit nobis quinque marcas sterhngorum per manum mona- 
chorum de Margan . non pro jure quod habuerimus in clamio nostro . set quia 
nepotes ejus fuimus et voluit nos promovere. Et hoe totum factum est anno 
Domini M°- cc° xxx"- quarto in septimana Pentecostes in ecclesia de Landaf 
ooram domino Elya tunc Landavense episcopo . et Mauricio archidiacono . et 
multis tam canonicis quam clericis ejusdem eoclesie . et coram Reso filio 
Q-RiFFiNi et raultis aliis . existente eodem archidiacono procuratore dicti 
avunculi nostra una cum fratre Johanne tunc abbate de Margan. Et quia 
propria sigilla non habuimus sigillum domini Elie timc Landavensis episcopi 
et sigillum capituli ejusdem ecclesie ad petitiones nostras presenti scripto 
apponi fecimus. Hiis testibus . Domino Elia tunc episcopo Landavense . 
Mauricio tunc archidiacono Landavense . Mauricio Gtobion thesaurario . 
Eadulfo de Novo Castello canonico Landavense . magistro Mauricio de 
Cristchurge . magistro Eicardo de Kerliun . Eeymundo de Suly . WiL- 
lelmo de Eegny . Eeso filio Q-riffini . Eeso ab Kenewreg . Yoruard' 
Velyn . Kenewreg ab Yoruard' . et multis aliis. 
Two seals, dark green wax. 

1. Seal of Bishop EHas, as before, chipped. 

2. Seal of Llandaff ohapter, as before, imperfect. 

Endorsed — ' Carta filiorum Begau de finali compositione inter ipsos et domum 

de Margan.' 

Vide. CCCOXC. and DCXC. 



499 



CCCCXCVI. 

ARBITEATION BY BISHOP ELIAS AND MORGAN CAM, 
BETWEEN RES GOH AND MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 25.] Ante 1234. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris E. divina 
miseratione Landavensis episcopus . Morganus Cam . salutem in vero salutari. 

Noverit diserecio vestra quod cum esset suborta quedam controversia inter 
Resum Goh . et domum de Margan super terra que jacet inter aquam 
de GrARWE et aquam de Uqgemore . quam terram dictus Rksus de dicta domo 
petebat hereditario jure possidendam . et super forestaria in dicta terra et 
etiam super dampnis et injuriis sibi invieem prout dicebatur inter partes irro- 
gatis . lis inter dictas partes mota coram nobis arbitris ad hoc fideliter a 
partibus electis boc fine conquievit. Videlicet quod cum sufficienter nobis 
constaret . tam per cartam . W. de Londonia quam per cartam Resi senioris et 
fratrum suorum ad hoc dicte domui de Margan datam . et eciam per vivam 
vocem quod dicta terra predicte domui de Margan in pei-|3etaara elemosinam a 
dictis Reso seniori et fratribus suis pro ipsis et heredibus eorum irrevocabiliter 
esset collata . nos dictam terram sepedicte domui absque clamio predietorum 
Resi senioris et fratrum suorum et ipsorum heredum iii perpetua eleraosina 
debere remanere perpetuo . sumus arbitrati . assidentibus nobis fratribus 
Aniano et Lewelino predicatoribus . et magistro Mauricio de Christi Ecclesia. 
Super forestaria vero discretonmi virorum consilio interveniente taliter fuit a 
nobis provisum . quod Resus junior jure forestarie quo usus fuit pater ejus . et 
ipse in diebus suis prout debuit . quod eodem jure libere uteretur in dicta terra . 
et si pasturam quam petit ratione dicte forestarie BOLlicet trium domorum potuerit 
sufficienter probare quod illam per arbitrium virorum fidedignorum et discretorum 
debeat habere . monachis non contradicentibus iUam babeat . sin autem . illam 



500 



petere onmiiio desistat. Super dampnis vero sibi ipsis altematim ut dicebatur 
irrogatis . quia de ipsis plene nobis non constabat . nec esset qui pleuius super hiis 
nos posset certificare . provisum fuit a nobis quod dampna et injurie tuno inter 
partes irrogate remitterentur absque reclamatione in perpetuum. Partes vero 
predicte . seilicet abbas pro dicta domo ex una parte . et Eesi^s junior ex altera . 
coram nobis personaliter existentes . pro se et suocessoribus siiis ad standum super 
predictis articulis nostre provisioni et arbitrio . abbas scilicet in verbo Dei . 
Eesus vero inspeetis et tactis sacrosanctis . sacramento se obligaverunt submit- 
tentes se omnino jurisdictioni et cohercioni episcopi . si forte aliquis eorum ausu 
temerario predicte nostre provisioni presumere vellet contrahire . Ad cujus rei 
certitudinem presenti scripto sigilla nostra apponere curavimus. Hiis testibus . 
magistro Eicardo de Karlyon . Domiuo "Willelmo Malet . Eadulpho de 
Novo Castro . Johanne Capellano . Eogero Sturmy . Toruardo ab Espus . 
et multis aliis. Datum anno gratie m"- cc"- xxx"- ixij"- circa festum Sancti 
Ambrosii. 

Two seals, dark green wax. 

1. Obverse. — The Bishop, fuU length, with pastoral staff, the right hand 
uplifted in blessing : in the iield a crescent and star. 

'ELIAS GRAC ENSIS EPISC s'.' 

Eeverse. — A small pointed oval counterseal. A right hand of blessing. 

' + SECRETU' ELIE LANDAVENSIS EPISCOPI.' 

2. Small seal of au armed horseman, riding to the left. Coarse work. 

' GANI C ' 

Endorsed — ' Finalis compositio inter domum de Margan et EesumOoh juniorem, 
de terra de Egliskeinwyr per arbitrium Elye episoopi Landavensis.' 



501 



CCCCXCVII. 

SALE BT JOHN LAHELES TO EOBEET DE PENEIS OF LAND 

IN LANDGENUTH, IN GOWEE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 28.] S.D. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Johannes Laheles filius . . . lahel . . . 
vendidi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Eoberto de Penris . . et 
heredibus suis pro quadraginta marcis argenti quas mihi pre manibus pacavit 
totam terram meam in feudo de Langdenuth quas ego et antecessores mei jure 
hereditario tenuimus de Eoberto de la Mare et antecessoribus suis . cum 
omnibus pertinentiis . et libertatibus predicte terre pei-tinentibus . et sicut aliqua 
terra uberius dari vel vendi potest. Saluuo redditu annuo quem ego et ante- 
cessores mei reddere solebamus predicto Eoberto de la Mare et antecessoribus 
suis . videlicet duos soHdos . et octo denarios ad Pascha . et duos solidos et octo 
denarios ad festum Sancti Michaelis. Et preterea mihi et heredibus meis dictus 
Eobertus et heredes ejus unum par cyrothecarum ad festum Sancti Michaelis 
annuatim persolvent. Dictam vero terram dicto Eoberto veudidi Ita quod 
eandem cum omnibus pertinentiis . libertatibus . poterit dare . vendere . excambire . 
vel invadiare vel in testamento relinquere cui vel quibus voluerit sucoessive in 
perpetuimi saluuo redditu prenominato. Et at hee mea vendicio rata et inconcussa 
in perpetuum perseveret presenti carte sigOlum meum apposiu. Hiis testibus . 
Domino Willelmo Gabriel tunc priore de Landgenuth . Domino Henrico 
de ViLERS . Johanne de Bukeham tunc senescaUo Guher . Hugone Purbig . 
Henrico Mansel . EicARDo Barri . et aliis. 

Llangenydd was the seat of an Alien Priory, fouuded probablv in the reign of Stephen, by Roger de 
Bellomont, the Norman Conqueror of Gower, and by him attached to the Monastery ot St. Tauriuus, at 
Evreux, in Nonnandy, and dedicated to St. Kenydd, a Welsh Saint. 

These Priories were of two kinds t one managing their owu affairs and electing their own head ; the 
other a mere cell, the Prior of which was nominated by the Superior House. Llangenydd probably was 
cf the latter description, since oue of the conditions on which it was restored to St. Taurinus by 
Henrv IV. was, that suitable Priors ahould be chosen. 



502 



It was thc practice of the English Kings from the reign of Edward I.. ahout 1285, in the event 
of a war with France, to appropriate the sums usually sent abroail. This was done by the three Edwarda 
and Richivrd II., possibly on occasion seizing upon the whole revenue, but stUl restoring it at the con- 
clusion of the war. Henry IV. at first shewed great favour to these Priories, but towards the close of 
his reign he regarded them with suspicion, and, 7th October, 8 Henry IV., he seized upon Llangenydd ; 
and to indeninify the Priory of Ewenny for its losses from the rebels and others, he granted to the Prior 
a lease of the Alien House for 10 years at £20 per aanum — a leaae which, however, seems to have been 
revoked by Henry V., who restored the Priory to St. Taurinus on condition that they appointed fit persons 
for its head, and accordingly Richard Day and Richard ap Morg-an, tlie latter, at least, a native, were so 
appointed. 

Finally, all the Alien Priories were dissolved by Henry VI. (2 Henry VI.) and their possessions vested 
in the Crown, and for the most part applied to religious and educational uses. Llangenydd was granted 
in IWl to AII Souls' CoIIege, Oxon., in which body the patronage of the Church has since remained. 

This Charter is interesting as containing evidence of a connection between the family of Laheles, whose 
head quarters were in Laleston, and those of Penrice and De la Mare in Gower. Henry Mansel, the wit- 
ness, is an early member of the family of Mansell. which afterwards held Penrice, and much other land in 
Gower. 



CCCCXCVIII. 

GRANT BT THOMAS LAGELES OF HIS WHOLE LAND IN 
LAGELESTON TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Chartkr.] 
Sciant omnes presentes et futuri . quod ego Thomas Lageles concessi et dedi 
et hac carta confirmavi D. et S. M. de M. et ra. i. D. s. totam terram meam de 
Lagelestun . cum pertinenciis suis intra villam et extra . sine omni retenemento 
ad habendum et tenendum in perpetuam elemosinam libere et quiete ab omni 
seoulari servicio ot consuetudine et exactione . sicut uUa elemosina melius et 
liberius teneri potest . faciendo solummodo servicium comiti . scilicet reddendo 
comiti annuatim octo solidos . et reddendo miohi annuatim et heredibus meis 
dimidiam maroam . ad festum Sancti Michaelis . pro omni servicio quod ad me 
pertinet et heredes meos. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus eis omnia 
predicta contra omnes parentes nosti'os . et contra omnes homines Francos 
et Anglos iinporpetuum siout elemosinam nostram. Testibus . domino Gregorio 
de Mellifonte . domiuo Ysaia de Joripontr abbatibus . Willelmo de 
Lichesfeld . Roberto de Biri . Johanne do Valle monachis de Margan . 



503 



Ernaldo . Cnaithuro conversis de Margan . Willelmo Sturmi . Waltero 
de Marecros . Willelmo le Franceis . Ricardo de Latheuei . Roberto le 
Petit . GiLLEBERTo de Sanoto Fagan. 

Entitled — ' Carta Thome Lageles de tota terra sua de Lagelestun.' 



CCCCXCIX. 

GRANT BY THOMAS LAQELES OF LAND IN HIS LORDSHIP, 
NEAR ST. DAVrD'S CHAPEL, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Onmibus Sancte ecclesie filiis . Thomas Lageles salutem. 

Quoniam ingratitudinis vicium cmlibet honesto viro pre ceteris est devitandum . 
memor beneficiorum que patri pariter et matri mee . mihi meisque contulerunt 
viri religiosi monachi soiLicet de Margan . licet in recompensatione coUati 
beneficii minus sim sufficiens . ubi tamen in impari censu non impar creditur esse 
voluntas . apud recte quempiam sentientem . cum eadem promta est . secundum 
id . quod habet aceepta est . non secundum id quod non habet. Inde est 
quod imiversitati vestre notificare dignum duxi . quod Deo et eoelesie 
Sancte Marie de Margan . et monachis ibidom Deo servientibus . consilio et 
consensu amicorum . do et concedo et hae presenti carta oonfirmo totam [terram] 
quse est de dominio meo ab australi parte capelle que nunc est Sanoti David . et 
ab orientali parte veteris masuagii . quod fuit in gardino quod modo excisum 
[est] juxta publicam stratam que jacet a Kerd[if] usque ad Kenef[eg] . cum 
masuagio et crofta . que fuerimt Godchild juxta predictam viam. Totam iUam 
terram prefatis monaohis do . pro xv. acris in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . 
Uberam et quietam ab omni servitio et exactione seculari . pro anima patris mei . 
et animabus antecessorum et successorum meorum necnon et pro salute anime 



504 



mee . et matris mee . et illorum pariter qui hanc donationem gratam habuerunt. 
Cartam igitur donationis hujus manu mea posui super altare ipsum osculans 
astante conventu . et me in fratrem et comparticipem recipiente omnium bonorum 
que in eadem fiimt ecclesia usque in finem. Testibus. 

Entitled— ' Carta Thome Lageles de xvii. acris quas nobis dedit.' 

The family of Lageles, Laheles, or Lagthles, of whom we liave Walter, Thomas, John, William, a 
second Walter, and Richard, possessed and probably gave name to the manor and parish of Laheleston or 
Laleston, near Bridgend. Walter ocours in the Pipe Roll of 1184-5 in connection with service atthecastle 
of Neath, and witnesses a grant to Margam by G. Estiirmi. In a confirmatiou to Margam by King John, 
1205, ThomasdeLagthlesappearsasa donor of 100 acres [CLXXL, CCL., COLXXXVIL]. They held 
land also at Llangenydd in Gower. 

The connexion of the family with Glamorgan, and possibly the family itaelf. euded with the grant of 
the patemal manor to Margam, in the middle of the 13th centnry. 

D. 

ABJUEATION BY EICHARD MERWITH AND HOEL K^ST 
IN FAVOUR OF MARGAM ABBEY OF THEIR CLAIM TO 
LANDS ON THE GARWE. 

[Margam Charter.] 1235. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Ricardus 
Meravith et HowELUs K^st sahitem in domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos consilio amicorum nostrorum quitum clamasse et 
abjurasse et hac carta nostra oonfirmasse Deo et e. B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. totum 
clamium nostrum et totum jus quod dicebamus nos habere in terra dictorum 
monachorum inter aquam de Garvs^e et aquam de Uggemor' . ut habeant et 
teneant dicti monachi dictam terram . libere quiote et pacifice pro nobis et 
heredibus nostris et omuibus successoribus nostris in perpetuum . siout ulla 
elemosina liberius et quietius liaberi potest vel teneri. Et sciendum quod 
juravimus super sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan quod nos et heredes nostri 
fidoliter et sine dolo tenebimus hanc quitam olamationem et contra omnes 
liomines warantizabimus imperpetuum. Abjuravimus etiam omuia clamia si 



505 



qua habuimus vel habere potuimus in aliis tems monachorum quas tuno 
habuerunt quando fecimus eis hanc eartam . scilicet anno domini m"- oc''- xxxv"- 
Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Abjuratio Ricardi Merwith et Hoeli Kaest de terra de Eglis- 
keinwur.' 



DI. 

CONFIEMATION BY HENEY III. OF THE GEANT BY RICHAED, 
COUNT OF POICTOU AND EAEL OF COENWALL, TO GIL- 
BEET MAESHAL, EAEL OF PEMBEOKE, OF THE OUSTODY 
OF GOWEE. 

[P.E.O. Charter Roll, 19 Hen. III. M. 16.] 

10 Feb. 19 Hen. III. 1235. 

Confirmatio conventionis inter comitem Eicardum et comitem Marescalldm. 

Rex ai-chiepiscopis etc salutem. 

Inspeximus conventionem factam inter dileetum fi-atrum et fidelem nostrum 
EiOARDUM comit«m Piotaviensem et Cornubiensem et dileetum et fidelem 
nostrum Gtilebertum Marescallum oomitem Penbrochie in hec verba. 

Hec est conventio faeta inter Eicardum comitem Pictaviensem et Cornu- 
BiENSEM fratrem domini Eegis Anglie ex una parte et Gilebertum Mares- 
CALLDM comitem Penbrochie ex altera. Scilicet quod predictus comes Ricardus 
concessit et dimisit predicto comiti Marescallo custodiam terrarum que fuerunt 
WiLLELMi de Brausa filii et heredis Eeginaldi de Brausa cum castris earundem 
terrarum de Brecona de Radenora de Hitntindona' et de Bergeveny -'^=•1'"^^'^ ^^^'^'^'-t^ W 
ratione predicte custodie et cum viUis eorundem castrorum et cum omnibus aliis cfebet apttc^ 
pertinentiis ad prediota castra et honorem eorundem castrorum spectantibus " 

et cum custodia et maritagio filiarum et heredum predicti Willelmi de Brausa 

3 o 



506 



iCem ^t ^^^ omnibus que accidere possunt eidem honori tam in Anglia quam in WalliA * 

nilit^r scilicet Goer cum cu^dia oastri de Swenese et omnibus ad honorem Ulum 

* ' , pertinentibus et cum omnibus que eidem honori accedere possunt in Wallia. 

tlt ^'-■•hrvnnis Habenda ipsi comiti Marescallo et heredibus vel assignatis suis usque ad 

'^,'"',^'^ leffittimam etatem hereduin predictorum et .Johannis. Pro quibus custodiis et 
A WAllia A 

maritagiis predictus eomes Marescallus finem fecit cum predicto comite Ricardo 



per tria milia marcarum. fi'"'-^' u"'" --"»-~ i*^— ^- .. 

Adjectum est item in hac conventione ex utraque parte quod quicquid idem 
comes EicARDUs ratione dictarum terrarum que fuerunt dicti Willelmi de 
Brausa in manu sua existentium dederat in custodiis maritagiis ecclesiis ante 
hanc conventionem factam die Mercurii proximo ante purificationem beate 
Marie anno Henrici Regis filii Johannis xix°- ratum permaneat et inooncussum. 
Quod autem dicti comites dictam eonventionem adinvicem fideliter observabunt 
uterque eorum sacramento corporaliter prestito pro se et heredibus suis vel 
assignatis fideliter affirmavit. Actum est istud in presentia domini Regis et 
in presentia venerabilium patrum Cicestrbnsis . Roffensis . Karliolensis . 
episcoporum et in presentia comitis Kancie . Radulphi filii Nicholai . Godefridi 
de Craucumba . Walteri deSALEo' . Hugonis de Vivonia . et aliorum pluri- 
morum. 

Nos igitur predictam conventionem ratam et gratam habentes pro nobis et 
heredibus nostris eam concfidimus et oonfirmamus. Hiis testibus . venerabiHbus 
patribus H. Roffensi et W. Karliolensi episcopis . Willelmo de Ferariis . 
Philivi'0 de Albini . Gilberto Bassett . Radulpho filio Nioholat . Godefrido 
de Graucumha . Johanne filio Philippi . Amaurico de Sancto Amando . 
Galfrido dc Cauz . Henrico dc Ca'pila . Bartholomeo Peche . Willelmo 
Gernunx et aliis. Datam per manus venerabilis patris R. Ctcestrensis episcopi 
etc apud Cantuariam x'- die Februarii anno regni nostri xix"- 

Consimilem confirmationem hnbet comes Marescallus. 

(1) Huntinton, co. Hei-eford. 



507 



DII. 

CHAETER OF HENRY III., GRANTING PROTECTION TO 

MAEGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 2ON0V. 21HEX.III. 1236. 

Henricus Dei gratia Eex Anglie, donmius Hibernie, dux Normannie et 
comes Andegavie, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, prepositis, et omnibus ballivis et 
fidelibus suis salutem. 

Sciatis quod abbas et monachi et conversi et domus de Margan et grangie 
ejusdem domus sunt in eustodia et protectione nostra. Et ideo vobis mandamus 
et firmiter precipimus quod eos et omnia sua custodiatis manuteneatis et 
defendatis sicut nostra dominica . et non fatiatis aut fieri permittatis eis aliquam 
injuriam gravamen aut molestiam. Et si eis in aliquo forisfaetum fuerit . id eis 
sine dilatione fatiatis emendari. Et concessimus eis quod siat quieti de theloneo 
et omni alia consuetudiQe per onmes terras nostras de blado et de omnibus aliis 
rebus que ad opus suum proprium emerint vel de suo proprio vendiderint. Et 
prohibemus ne quis super hoc eos impediat super forisfacturam decem librarum 
ad opus nostrum et viginti solidorum ad opus vicecomitis nostri . sicut carta 
domini Johannis Eegis patris nostri quam inde habent rationabUiter testatur. 
Hiis testibus . H^umfrido de Bohun] comite Herefordie . Eoberto de Eos . 
WiLLELMO de Ealegh' . Eoberto de Muscegros . Godefrido de Craucumbe . 
Amaurico de Sancto Amando . Bartholomeo de Saukevilla . et aliis. 

Datum per manum venerabilis patris E[adulphi de Neville] Cycestrensis 
episeopi cancellarii nostri apud Eadingiam xx°- die Novembris anno regni nostri 
vicesimo primo. 

Qreat seal of King Henry IH., in gi-een wax, very imperfect, appended by 
plaited bobbins of red taffeta. 

Endorsed — ' Protectio Henrioi Eegis Anglie tercii. Et quitantia tholonei.' 



508 



DIII. 

ACQUITTANCE BY ROBERT DE BONEVILE FOR EIGHTEEN 

MARKS, BEING SIX TEARS' RENT OF LAND IN BONE- 
VILESTONE, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 21.] 19 May, 1237. 

XJmversis' Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Robertus 
de BoNEViLE salutem in domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod ego recepi pre manibus de monacbis de Margan 
totum reditum meum sex annorum de terra de Bonevilestone . soilioet decem et 
ooto maroas sterlingorum anno gratie m''' cc"- xxx°- septimo ciroa festum Sanote 
Potenciane virginis. Ita quod dicti monaohi quiti sunt de eodem reditu usque 
ad nativitatem Sanoti Johannis Baptiste . anni domini millesimi ducentesimi 
quadragesimi tercii . et tunc et deinceps de eodem reditu respondebunt. Quod si 
infra dictum terminum de me humaniter contigerit . heredes mee niohil recipient 
de dioto reditu . usque ad dictum terminum. Et in hujus rei testimonium 
presenti scripto sigUlum meum apposui. Hiis testibus . domino Ricardo canonico 
Lanthonie Prime . Galfrido de Bonevile . Johanne Paris . Ricardo clerico 
de Kenefeg . Willelmo Frankeleyn . Nicholao de Legge . Johanne 
Whitard' . et multis aliis. 

Broken seal, green wax, about lin. by fin. Impression of an antique oval 
intaglio, an Agnus Dei. 

♦ BER ONE ' 

(I) Ornamental bandwritirig. 



509 



DIY. 

AGEEEMENT (BY ARBITEATION OF THE ABBOTS OF 
EIEVALLIS, VAUDET, AND KINGSWOOD,) BETWEEN 
THE ABBEYS OF NEATH AND MAEGAM, SETTLING DIS- 
SENSIONS AND AEEANGING CLAIMS IN NEWTOWN, 
NEWTOWN DOWN, AND COENELI DOWN, Exc. 

[Margam Charter.] St. Agatha's Day. 5 Feb. 1237-1238. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visui-is vel audituris Eogertjs 
Etevallis . NlcHOLAUs de Valle Dei . Johannes de Kingeswde dicti 
abbates salutem in Domino. 

Ad universitatis vestre notieiam volumus devenire quod omnes controversie et 
querele inter domum de Neth et domum de Margan mote ante festum beate 
Agathe virginis anno gratie m°- cc"- tricesimo septimo . in presencia nostra et 
multorum aliorum tali fine conquieverunt . per utriusque abbatis et conventus 
consensum. 

Imprimis quia constans est quod abbas de Margan tam per se quam per suos . 
quam eciam per seculares nisus est supplantare abbatem et conventum de Neth 
de villa que dicitur Nova Villa et quantum in se fuit contra formam apos- 
tolicam . et qusmtum in se fuit oircumvenit et supergressus est in negotio fratres 
suos . provisum est ut tam ipse quam omnes suceessores sui abstineant et arceantur 
in perpetuum ab adquisitione dicte ville . nisi per consensum abbatis et conventus 
de Neth. Caveat etiam sufficienter per cartam conventus de Margan quod 
nunquam in perpetuum abbas et conventus de Neth aliquod per ipsos incurrant 
impedimentum quin dictam villam ad opus suum adquirant. Provideat niehilo- 
minus abbas de Neth ne in emptione vel adquisitione dicte ville diffinitiones 
capituli generaKs transgrediatur. 



510 



Item . de pasturis de Neutunedune et Cornelidune statuitur ut quoniam 
utraque pars sufficienter et evidenter probavit tam jus in proprietate quam usum 
in possessione utraque domus habeant dictas pasturas . eas videlicet aut in com- 
mune possidentes . aut si de Boxle . Bildewas . et Kingeswde abbates magis 
viderint expedire dictas pasturas ita dividant . ut medietas propinquior grangie 
de Neth domui de Neth remaneat . reliqua inedietas propinquior grangie de 
Margan remaneat domui de Margan. 

Item . Q,uoniam ut videtui- monachi de Neth licet primo injuste provocati 
quasi malum pro malo reddere nituntur monachis de Margan vendicantes sibi 
jus in terris et pasturis quas domus de Margan a sua fundatione in proprietate 
possedit occasione cujusdam carte Roberti comitis Q-loucestrie . tam propter 
diutinum et inconcussum usum domus de Margan quam etiam per expressam 
compositionem inter duas domos per venerabiles patres quondam de Boxle . de 
Wardun' . de PoNTiBus abbates factam . omnes tales querimonias adnichilantes . 
dictorum monachorum de Neth actio debet prorsus elidi . Cum neutra domus in 
alterius propriis terris aut pasturis aliquid sibi possit vendicare. 

Et soiendum quod forma hujus concordie provisa fuit per venerabilem fratrem 
dominum Johannem primo quidem abbatem de Boxle, et postea abbatem 
Cistercii datum judicem a capitulo generali in causa ista . ante recessimi suum 
de Anglia versus Cistercium, in monasterio de Boxle . presentibus tuno 
temporis in eodem monasterio de Boxle ; de Stratford . de Valle Dei . de 
PoNTE EoBERTi abbatibus. Et quod oompositioues prius inite inter dictas domos 
de Neth et de Margan et sigiUis autentlcis roborate per omnia observabuntur. 
Et in hujus rei testimonium uos de Ryevalle . de Valle Dei . de Kingeswde 
abbates una cum sigillis dictorum abbatum de Neth et de Margan huic soripto 
sigilla uostra apposuimus. 

Indented at top with the word cyrographum. ^ 

Four seals, green wax, imperfect, pointed oval. 



511 



1. Label inscribed ' De RievaUe.* About Ifin. by l|in. An abbot, with 
crozier and book, on a platform. 

' SIGILl' . AB . . . IS . DE . RIEVALL . . . ' 

(Birch, Catal. No. 3,909.) 

2. ' De Valle Dei.' Sumlar design. About IJin. by |in. 

' M ABBATIS ' 

(Birch, Catal. No. 4,238.) 

3. ' De Kingeswde.' Similar. IJin. by |in. 

' BAT INGESW.' 

(Birch, Catnl. No. 3,355.) 

4. ' De Neth.' Similar. About Ifin. by IJin. 

' M ABBATIS . DB ' 

(Birch, Catal. No. 3,670.) 
Endorsed — ' Oomposltio inter domum de Margan et domum de Neth . secunda' ; 
and in a later hand — ' De Newton et Neutonis Dowen.' 

DV. 

NOTIFICATION BY ELIAS, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, THAT THE 
ABBOT OF TEWKESBURY HAS RENOUNCED HIS CASE 
AGAINST MARGAM ABBEY, RESPECTING THE TITHES 
OF KENFIG. 

[Margam Oharter.] XIV. Kal. Jun. 18 May, 1239. 

TJniversis Ohristi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . E[lias] 
Dei gratia Landavensis episcopus eternam ia Domino salutem. 

Uuoniam ea quse coram nobis fideliter acta sunt perpetuitatis robm- optinere 
debent in pei-petuum. Universitati vestre presentibus duximus intimandum 
quod dominus R. abbas Teukesbirie in presentia nostra constitutus . ob favorem 
religionis et pacis omni questioni et liti abbati et conventui de Margan super 



512 



decimis . et ceteris onmibus quse eos in paroohia de Kenefeg contingunt coram 
domino S. priore de Stkugull' auctoritate domini Ottonis olim legati Angli.» 
mote . expresse in suo perpetuo renunciasse. Et ne promissa devocentur in 
dubium . set ut rata consistant . hec vobis . literis presentibus sigillo nostro 
munitis . duximus intimandum. 

Datum anno incarnationis Dominice millesimo ducentesimo tricesimo nono . 
xiiij. kalendis Junii. 

Fragmentary seal in green wax. (See Birch, pp. 283-4, 1872.) 
Endorsed — ' Confirmato E. Landavensis episcopi de terris et decimis ecclesie 
de Kenefig.' 

DVI. 

LIOENOE BY ELIAS, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, TO MARGAM 
ABBEY, FOE DIVINE SERVIOES IN MELIS GRANGE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 26.] 1239. 

TJniversis Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . E. Dei 
gratia Landavensis episcopus salutem . gratiam . et benedictionem. 

Quoniam ex offitio nobis injuncto justis petentium desideriis et precipue 
virorum religiosorum . animo nos decet benigno condescendere . universitati 
vestre preseutibus duximus significaudum . quod nos concessimus dUectis filiis 
nostris abbati videlioet et conventui de Margan ut in grangia sua de Melis 
divinia possint eelebrare. Ut autem ea que auctoritate nostra concessa sunt 
firmitatis robur optineant in perpetuum . presenti soripto sigillum nostrum 
apposuimus. 

Datum anno gratie m°- c:"- xxxix. Valeat universitas vestra in Domino. 

Seal and counterseal of the Bishop, light brown, imperfeet. 

Endorsed — ' Quod lioeat nobis divina raisteria in grangia de Meiis celebrare . 
a. a.' 



513 



DVII. 

EELEASE BY THE SONS OF WASMIHANGEL, OF RUATHLAN, 
AND OTHERS, OF THEIR LANDS IN BRADINGTUN, ETC, 
TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 D. 16.] 1240—1214. 

Sciant onmes presentes et futuri . quod nos . scilicet . ego Joruard' . et ego 
Gnatthurus . et ego Crauocus . et ego Johan . filii Wasmih.\ngel . et ego Meuric . 
et ego Joruard' filii Ruathlan . et ego Reu filius Riggeuarhc . remisimus et 
quietimi clamavimus domui de Margam . in elemosinam pro nobis et omnibus 
heredibus nostris . totum clamium nostrum de teiTa de Br.adingtun . et totum 
jus quod in eadem terra nos habere dicebamus. Et sciendum est quod nos 
juravimus super tumbam Sancti Theliawi . et super sacrosanota ecclesie de 
Landavia . In presentia domini episcopi et capituli Landavensis . christianitatem 
etiam nostram in pleuinam in mauus eorundem posuimus . quod nos hec fideliter 
et sine dolo in pei-petuum observabimus. Et si forte aliquis nostrum vel heredum 
nostrorum contra factum istud vel juramentum venire temptaverit . omnes alii 
virUiter stabunt cum monachis . contra ipsum. SimUiter nos et omnes heredes 
nostri faciemus contra fiUos Rieredi filii Kanaf et heredes eorum . si monachos 
de predicta terra molestare presumpserint. Et sciendum quod eum aliquis 
nostrum ubicunque vel quandocunque obierit . si coi-pus ejus a suis delatum 
fuerit ad abbatiam . ibi sepelietui* nisi fuerit nominatim excommunicatus 
vel interdictus . IJt autem hec rata et illibata in perpetuum permaneant . 
ad petitionem nostram sigiUum episcopi . et capituli Landavensis . xma cum 
sigillis nostris . fecimus apponi. Hiis testibiis . domino . W. Landavensi 
episcopo . Mauricio archidiacono . Radulpho Mailoc . Nicholao Gobion . 
YuoR de Pendiuelin canonicis . magistro Johanne persona de Landrierid' . 
Eeimundo de Sullia . Waltebo Pain . Waltero . Costentin . Hoel ab 

3p 



514 



YuoR . WiLLELMo de LicHESFELD . WiLLELMo de DuuELiN xnonachis de 
Margam . et multis aliis. 
Four seals. 

1. Bishop William of Christchiirch, and eounterseal (see Bii-ch, Catal. 
Seah m Brit. Mtis., Vol. I., No. 1879). 

2. Round,dark green, l^in.diam. A double-headed eagle displayed, inverted. 

' + sigi[llum f]iliorum wasmihangel.' 

3. Round, dark green. l§in. diam. An omamentally designed fleur-de-lis. 

' + SIGILLVM . REV . FILII , RIHCEVAR.' 

4. Round, dark green, 1-^-in. diam. A dexter hand with glove of ring mail, 
and vested arm issuing from the base, grasping a javelin and trident. 

' + SIGILLUM . FILIORUM . RUATHLAN.' 

Endorsed (contemp.) — ' Oarta vii. Walensium de teira de Bi'adintun.' 

Wasmihangel. Kuathlan. 



I „1. ."I 

onn. 



Jorvard. Gnajrthur. Jonn. ileuric. Jorvard. 



DVIII. 

GRANT BY WILLIAM FRANKELEYN OF LAND AT GOYLAKE 

TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 47.] 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus Frankeleyn dedi . concessi 
et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi D. et e. B. M. d. M. et m. i. D. s. et 
servituris in perpetuum unam acram terre que se extendit a Goylake usque ad 
Skylue juxta acram que quondam fuit Hugonis Grammus in occidentali parte 
quam habui ox dono Thome Grammus. Tenendam et habendam de me et 
heredibus meis dictls monachis et suocessoribus suis libere quiete bene et in paoe 
in perpotuum. Reddendo indo annuatim heredibus predioti Thome Grammus 



515 



prefati religiosi et successoree sui unum denarium ad festum Sancti Michaelis 
pro omni servicio consuetudine exactione et demanda seculari. Et ego Willelmtjs 
Frankeleyn et heredes mei predictis monaehis et successoribus suis predictam 
acram terre cum pertinentiis suis contra omnes homines et feminas warentiza- 
bimus acquietabimus et defendemus in perpetuxim. Ut autem hec mea donacio 
et concessio rata et stabilis in perpetuum perseveret presentem oartam sigilli mei 
impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . Waltero Lovel . Mauricio de Cornely . 

WlLLELMO AlLWARD . WlLLELMO TeRRY . PhILIPPO GtRAMMUS . HeNRICO 

WiLLOc . JoHANNE CouH . et multis aliis. 

Fragment of pointed oval seal. Q-reen wax. A fleur-de-lis, on it two birds, 
regardant. 

' WILEL . . . KELE ' 

Late endorsement — ' Goyth Lake.' 



DIX. 

GRANT BY WILLIAM FKANKELEYN OF ALL HIS LAND IN 

BONEVILESTONE TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum v. vel a. Willelmus Frankelyn 
salutem in domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra me dedisse et concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse 
Deo e. S. M. de M. et m. i. D. sendentibus totam terram meam in Bonevilestune 
cum omnibus pertiuenciis suis sine aliquo . retenemento. Quam quidem terram 
Philippus pater meus tenuit de Willelmo de Bonevile. Ita quod dicti 
monachi habeant et teneant totam dictam terram cum omnibus pertinenciis et 
libertatibus ad eandem pertinentibus . sicut puram et liberam et perpetuam 



516 



elemosinam . sine aliquo clamio et contradiccione mei et omnium heredum 
meorum. Et ego et heredes mei dictam terram dictis monachis warantizabimus 
contra omnes mortales. Et ut hec mea donacio et confirmacio firma et inconcussa 
permaneat in perpetuum . presentem cartam sigilli mei impressione rohoravi. 
Hiis testibus . domino Heymundo de Suii' . Willelmo de Regni . Willelmo 
de Lanmeis . Willelmo de Olivedone . Galfrido de Bonevile . Symone 
filio ejus . WiLLELMO CoLE . Henrico de Neth . et multis aliis. 
Entitled — ' Carta Willelmi Frankelein de terra in Bonevilestune.' 



DX. 

GRANT BY WHjLIAM FRANKELEIN OF TWO ACEES AND A 
HALF OF LAND IN BONEVILESTON TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus Frankelein dedi et concessi 
et presenti carta confiLrmavi Deo et e. S. M. de M. et m. i. D. servientibus . in 
puram et perpetuain elemosinam duas acras terre et dimidiam in feudo de 
BoNEviLESTUNE sitas iu vallc quadam juxta vLllam . quas quidem tenui de 
Willelmo le NoRBis. Itit ut dicti monachi habeant et teneant totam terram de 
me et herpdibus meis libere et pacifioe quietam ab omni vexaeione seculari et 
demanda . sicut ulla elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et ego et heredes mei 
dictam terram dictis monachis ■warantizabimus contra omnes raortales et ut heo 
mea donatio et confirmatio firma et stabilis perseveret inperpetuum presentem 
cartam sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Willplmi Frankelein de duabus aoras terre et dimidia in 
Bonevilestune.' 



517 



DXI. , 

DAVID, SON OF WASMER, OF KENEFEC, UNDERTAKING TO 
PAY FOURTEEN PENCE YEARLT FOR FIVE AORES OF 
LAND AT LE HORESTON TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Marg.\m Charter.] 

Notum sit omnibus presena scriptum visuris . vel audituris . quod ego Datid 
filius Wasmeri de Kenefec . et heredes mei tenemur singulis annis solvere 
quatuordecem denarios ad festum Sancti Michaelis domui de Margan pro 

reditu {sic) quinque acranim terre quas dominus J abbas et ejusdem 

loci conventus mihi et heredibus meis dederont. Quarum quatuor continue 
jaoent juxta Le Horeston ex parte occidentali semite que tendit ad villam de 
Corneli . et una jacet desub Veteri Castello secundum quod carta mea quam 
michi et heredibus meis dederunt testatur. In eujus rei testimonium presens 
scriptum sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . Waltero Louel . 
Willelmo de Corneli . Rogero Grammus . Ricardo clerico . Willelmo 
Franchelain . Henrico de Ne th . et multis aliis. 

Pointed oval seal, dark green wax, fin, by |in. A fleur-de-lis. 

' -|- SIGILLUM . DAVID.' 

Endorsed — ' Wasmeii-. Carta David de xiiu. denariis pro quinque acris.' 

DXII. 

aUIT-CLAIM BY ROGER KAM OF HIS RIGHTS IN 
BONEVILESTON TO MARGAN ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 0. 22.] Circa 1241. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris . Rogerus 
Kam salutem in domino. 

Noverit imiversitas vestra quod ego oonsilio et consensu . Roberti . Wronu . 
Adam . et Philippi filiorum meorum et heredum et aliorum amicorum meorum 



518 



concessl et quitum clamavi et abjiiravi et hac presenti carta confirmavi Deo et 
ecclesie beate Marie de Maugan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totum jus 
meum et totum clamium quod habui in terra quam tenuit pater meus de 
Templariis . et ego tenui in feudo de Bonevilestone . ut habeant et teneant 
dicti monachi dictam terram . libere quiete et pacifiee pro me et omnibus 
heredibus meis qui sunt . vel erunt sicut ulla elemosina vel ullum tenementimi 
liberius et quietius haberi potest vel teneri. Et sciendum quod ego et predicti 
filii mei afKdavimus et super sacrosancta ecelesie de Margan juravimus . quod 
istam concessionem et quitam ciamationem fideliter et sine dolo servabimus et 
oontra omnes homines dictis monachis warantizabimus in perpetuum. Hiis 
testibus . Enea ab Roser . Madoco fratre ejus . Yoruard ab Espus . Toruard 
CoH . EioARDO de BoNEViLE . OsBERNO ct Thoma de Kantelo . monachis de 
Margan . lliREDo et Espus et Johanne Fabro conversis de Margan. Et 
multis aliis. 

Endorsed — 'Abjm-atio Rogeri Kam de terra in feudo de Bonevilest.' 
Pointed oval seal, dark green wax, l|in. by Jin. A symmetrical branch of 
five fiowers, inverted. 

Legend — '+ sigill' . rogeri . kam.' 

DXIII. 

RESPONSE OF GILBERT MARSHAL, 6th EARL OF PEMBROKE, 
AS TO HIS CLAIM, AS (JUSTOS OF THE LANDS OF 
RICHARD DE CLARE, TO THE TEMPORALITIES OF THE 
SEE OF LLANDAFF, ' SEDE VACANTE.' 

[Placit. Abbrev. Rec. Commission, 1811, p. 109. Rotulo 17, in dorso.] 

MicH. Term. 25 Hen. III. 1241. 

Idem eoraes [G. Marescallus comes Penbrokie] summonitus fuit eodem die 
et loco [apud Westmonasterium in crastino Sancti Michaelis anno xxv**^ 



519 



Eegis Henrici tercii] ad ostendendum si quod jus habetin custodiaLANDAVEUsis 
ecclesie vacantis et ad illud prosequendum si voluerit. Et comes Tenit et dicit 
quod nichil juris clamat in predicta custodia nomine suo nisi racione terrarum 
EiCARDi de Clare in Glammorgan quarum custodiam dominus E,ex ei vendidit 
usque ad plenam etatem predicti Ricardi unde ipse habet cartam domini Regis 
et unde dicit quod predictus E.icardus et alii barones in provincia illa vacante 
sede illius episcopatus et cujuslibet alterius debent singuli ipsorum habere custo- 
diam terraniin que de ipsis tenentur salva solummodo domino Regi dignitate 
crocie. Et ideo provisum est quod rotuli caneellarie queruntur et si inveniatur 
quod dominus Rex vendidit comiti predictam custodiam . habeat eam secundum 
quod ei iilam vendidit et si comes phis sibi attraxerit quam dominus Eex ei 
vendidit dominus Eex perquiret se versus eum. Preterea provisum fuit quod si 
domino Eegi placuerit fiat inquisicio in partibus Marchie per vicecomitem et 
ballivos ipsius domini Eegis si barones Marchie vacantibus sedibus episcopatuum 
debeant habere custodiam terrarum episcopatus que de ipsis tenentur ita quod 
domino Eegi nichil accrescat nisi solummodo dignitas crocie. 

The circmnstancei of the Welah conquest had invested the early Norman lords with powers not 
compatible \vith the Royal sovereignty, and -n-hich as the kings gained strength they were disposed to 
recover. One of these was the custody of the temporalities of the See of Llandaff, which was claimed 
and exercised, at first unchallenged, by the Earls of Gloucester f or the Manor of Llandaff, and by the Lords 
of Gower for Bishopston. It appears fromthe above that Henry LII. had taken advantage of the minority 
of the Earl of Gloucester to contest his claim, which however was resisled by the Earl Marshal, the 
gnardian of the Earl and custos of his rights. Henry was not in a position to enforce his claim, but as 
will be seen his son was more successfal. It will also be seen that some years later, in 1250, in the latter 
years of Bishop de Burgh, Henry obtained from his son acknowledgment that he held under the Crown 
direct, and Earl Richard seems to have assented to this. 



520 



DXIV. 

EOTAL GEANT TO STEPHEN BAUKAN OF LAND IN 
CARDIGANSHIRE. 

[RoLEs Gascoxs, 4to Paris, 1815. I. p. 85.] 1242. 

Carta pro Stephano Baucan tradita in equali Manu Philippo Basset. 

Rex archiepiscopis etc salutem. Sciatis nos concessisse et hac carta nostra 
confirmasse Stephano Baukan totam terram in comitatu de Kardigan Sub 
HiREWERNE quam habet de dono T. Marescalli, quondam Comitis Pembrok' 
habendam et tenendam sibi et heredibus suis sicut carta predicti T. ia qua 
donacio predieta plenius contiaetur rationabiliter testatur. Quare volumus etc. 
Testibus . Willelmo Lunguespbe . Philippo Basset . Roberto Tregoz . 

JOHANNE filio GaLFRIDI . JOHANNE de LeXINTONE . PaULINO PeYVRE . NlCHOLAO 

de Bolevilla . et aliis. Data per manum nostram apud Silvan' iij. die 
Novembris. 

Quia convencio talis est inter Regem et comitemMARiscALLUM,quod feoffamenta 
per eum faota in honoribus Kaermardin et Kardigan firma maneant nisi 
excedant duas partes conquestus predictorum honorum. Ideo tradita est confir- 
matio ista in mami equali P. Basset . donec constiterit Regi utrum feoffamenta 
predicta excedant partes predicti conquestus vel non . ut si excedant . reddatm- 
Regi. 



521 



DXV. 
GEANT BT RICHARD DE CLARB, EARL OF GLOUCESTER, 
OF THE MANOR OF LECKWITH, TO NICHOLAS DB 
SANFORD. 

[Treas. of the Bxchequer. Wallia. Bag. 2, No. 10.] 

1242—1262, 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Ricardus de Clare comes Gloucestrie et 
Hertfordie dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi domino 
Nicholao de Sanford pro homagio et servicio suo totum manerium meum de 
Lecquid in Glamorgan cum pertinenciis suis. Habendum et tenendum eidem 
Nicholao et heredibus suis vel assignatis exceptis Judeis et viris religiosis de me 
RiCARDO et heredibus meis libere et quiete bene et in pace integre et hereditarie 
in boscis et planis in pratis et pasturis in terris et aquis in viis et semitis in 
homagiis et redditibus in vilenagiis et serviciis in escaetis releviis et wardis in 
piscariis et stagnis in molendinis et omnibus aliis pertinenciis suis et libertatibus. 
Sicut ego illud manerium cum omnibus pertinenciis eidem pertinentibus melius et 
liberius per reotas divisas aliquo tempore tenui. Faeiendo inde annuatim dictus 
NicHOLAUS et heredes sui vel assignati exceptis Judeis et viiis religiosis michi 
RicARDO et heredibus meis servicium quarte partis feodi unius militis pro omni 
servicio et exactione et secta curie et comitatus et omnimodis eonsuetudinibus tolney 
vel alterius rei. Dedi [etiam] et ooncessi eidem Nicholao et heredibus suis vel 
assignatis heybote et husbote in omnibus forestis meis de Meyskin per visum 
forestariorum meorum. Et ego Ricardus de Clare et heredes mei dictum mane- 
rium de Lecquid cum onmibus pertinenciis suis ut predictum est eidem Nicholao 
et heredibus suis vel assignatis exeeptis Judeis et viris religiosis eontra omnes 
gentes in perpetuum wai-antizabimus. Et ut hec mea donatio et concessio et pre- 
sentis carte mee confirmacio robur perpetue firmitatis optineant cum sigilli mei 
impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . domino Stephano Baucen timc vicecomite 

3q 



522 



Glamorgan . Galfrjdo de Fanecdrt . Waltero de Sullie . Gilberto 

DUMFRANVILE . GlLBERTO TuRBERVILE . WlLLELMO de EeGNY . AdA 

Walense . Daniele Siward . EoGERo de Eeygni . Thoma de Sullie clerico . 
WiLLELMO Flandrense st luultis aliis. 

Lequid or Leckwith, wlucli tlie E:irl lieie grants to Sir Nicliolas de Sandford, is a small parish on the 
lower part of the Ely, near its mouth 

DXVI. 

PEIVILEGE GEANTED BY POPE INNOCENT lY. TO THE OIS- 
TEECIAN ABBOTS, OF TEANSFEEEING THEIE POWEE 
OF ABSOLVING EXCOMMUNICATED MONKS, TO THEIE 
PEIOES. 

[Margam Charter.] X. KAL. Mar. Pont. I. 1243. 

Innocentius episcopus servus servorum Dei dUectis filiis . . . abbati Cistertii 
et universis coabbatibus ejus Cistertiensis ordinis salutem et apostolioam 
benedictionem. 

Cum monachos et conversos monasteriorum vestrorum ab excommunicatione 
quam iniciendo manus violentas invicem in seipsos frequenter incurrunt ex officio 
ve8ti'0 absolvere valeatis auctoritate vobis presentium indulgemus ut absolvendi 
eos ab excommunicatione hujusmodi prioribus vestris cum vos abesse oontigerit 
possitis oommittere vices vestras . NuUi ergo omnino hominum liceat hanc paginam 
nostre concessionis infringero vel ei ausu temerario contraire. Siquis autem hoo 
attemptare presumpserit iudignationem omnipotentis Dei et beatorum Petri et 
Pauli apostolorum ejus se noverit incursurum. Datum Laterani x. kal. 
Martii Pontificatus nostri anno primo. 

The usual leaden seal is affixed, and on the reverse appears ' innocentius 
V. F. Tin.' 

Endorsed — ' Innocentius iiii. De potestate committenda priori absolvendi,' and 
in a later hand, ' a.d. 1243.' 



523 



DXVII. 

CONFIRMATION BY HENRY, ABBOT OF GLOUCESTER, OF 
LAND IN LANGEWI TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] Ante 1243. 

Sciant tam p. q. f. quod ego Henricus Dei gratia abbas Sancti Petri 
GrLOucESTRiE et ejusdem looi conventus . concessimus et hac carta nostra confir- 
mavimus venerabilibus fratribus et amicis nostris . abbati et conventui de 
Margan . teiTam illam in feudo de Langewi quam Willelmus Scurlagge 
dedit ecclesie Sancti Michaelis de Eweni . ut habeant monachi de Margan 
predictam terram cum omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis suis . liberam et 
quietam ab omni servicio . consuetudine et exactione . reddendo inde annuatim 
duos solidos solummodo ecclesie Sancti Michaelis de Eweni . ad terminum 
Pasche. Et uos predictam terram prefatis monachis contra omnes homines 
warantizabimus in perpetuum. In hujus rei testimonium . presens scriptum 
in modum cyrographi confecimus . cujus unam partem sigillo eoclesie uostre 
munitam . predictis abbati et conventui de Margan tradidimus . alteram vero 
partem sigillo ejusdem abbatis . et eonventus de Margan' roboratam . penes 
nos retinuimus. Hiis testibus . Adam priore . Thoma suppriore . David tunc 
priore de Eweni . Gileberto de Ledebiria . Johanne capeUano de Eweni . 
et multis aliis. 

Seal, light brown wax. See Birch, Catal. of Seals, No. 3,192. 

Counterseal, a smaller pointed oval seal, l^in. by lin. The abbot standing on 
a platform, holding staff and book. 

Legend — ' secretum abbatis gloucestrie.' 

The upper edge of the deed has the words cyrographum . MHHavaooaAO cut 
through by an iudented line. 

Endorsed — ' H. abbas Sancti Petri de Gloeuoestre.' 



524 



DXVin. 

GEANT BY EICHAED LAHELES OF EENTS IN LAHELESLOND 

TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 3 May. 1244. 

Universis Christi fidelibiis p. s. a. vel v. Eicardi"s Laheles salutem in 
domino. 

Noverit uuiversitas vestra quod ego consensu et eonsiiio heredum meorum et 
aliorum amicorum meorum concessi et quitum clamavi et hac carta mea confirmavi 
D. et e. S. M. de M. e. m. i. D. s. pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et 
successorum meorum totum redditum meum de terra de Laheleslonda scilicet 
dimidiam marcam argenti quam dicti monachi solebant reddere michi annuatim 
sicut carte antecessorum meorum quas inde habent testantur. Ita ut habeant et 
teneant de me et heredibus meis dictam terram de Laheleslonda eum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis in perpetuam elemosinam libere et quiete et pacifice in perpetuum 
ab omni servitio . consuetudine . et exactione seculari sicut xilla elemosina liberius 
et quietius haberi potest vel teneri. Exeepto hoc quod reddent miclii et heredibus 
meis aunuatim unum par calcarium vel tres denarios ad Pascha de recognitione 
si propter calcaria miserimus. Et ego et heredes mei liane quitam clamationem 
dictis monachis warantizabimus contra omnes homines in perpetuiim. Et scien- 
dum quod quando diotis monaehis feci hanc quitam clamationem dederunt raichi 
centum solidos sterlingorum. Que ut rata et stabilis in posterum permaneat . 
presentem paginam sigilli mei impressione confirmavi. Facta autem fuit heo 
quita clamatio anno gratie m°- cc"- quadragesimo quarto . circa festum inventionis 
sancte crucis. Hiis testibus . Domino Davio Barone de Nas . Eoberto de 
Cantelo . Waltero Lhvei, . Eogero Gramus . WiLLELMO de Cornely . 
MiLONE de Penvey . Willelmo Cole . et multis aliis. 

Seal, green wax, l^in. diara. A lion rampant, queue fourch^e, facing sinister- 
wards. 

Logeud ' + SIGILLUM . RICAKDI . LAELES.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Eicardi Laholes.' 



525 



DXIX. 

RECORD OF A SUMMONS BY THE KING TO CERTAIN "WELSH 
OFFENDERS TO PUT IN THEIR APPEARANCE AT THE 
KING'S COHRT, WESTMINSTER. 

[N. FcEDERA. : I. 258.] 6 Jan. 1245. 

Mandatum est cuilibet Walensium subscriptorum quod compareant coram 
Rege, in curia Regis Westmonasterii in crastino Cinerum, responsuri et 
judicium recepturi de homicidiis, deprsedationibus, et aliis dampnis, quse 
perpetrata sunt in regno Regis, contra pacem Regis. Teste Rege, apud 
Wkstmonasterium, sexto die Januarii. 

Baronibus de Norwallia, qui fecerunt Regi homagia. 

Baronibus de Sutwallia. 

Mailgun filio Mailgun. Reso filio Gtriffini. 

Mereduk fiKo O-vvEYN. Filio Morgan Q-am. 

Mereduk filio Resi Screk. Howeil Amereduk. 

Filiis Resi Wachan. 

The Bai-ous of North and South Wales are here summoned to appear before the Eoyal Oourt of West- 
minster to answer and be judged for divers homicides, depredations, and damages perpetrated in this 
Kingdom, aguiust the King's peace. Of the Barons named, seven entries are from South Wales, the rest 
for North Wales. The seven are — Mailgon, son of MaUgon ; Mereduc, son of Owein ; Mereduc, 
son ot Ees Screk ; the sons of Res Wachan ; 'Res, son of Griffin;' the son of Morgan Gam ; and Howel 
Amereduk, of whom two only are connected with Glamorgan, Res ap GrifSn, over-Iord of Sturmistou, 
and the son of Morgan Gam, head of the family of Avan, who seem to have held their land per Baroniam, 
free from all service save a heriot of a horse and arms at death. 



526 



DXX. 

ROYAL WRIT TO THE BAEONS OF THE EXCHEQUER TO 
DELAT THEIR PROCESS AGAINST RICHARD DE CLARE, 
EARL OF GLOUCESTER. 

[Exc. E RoTULis FiN. I. 436.] 10 June. 1245. 

Pro comite Q-loucestrije. Mandatum est Baronibus de Scaccakio quod de- 
maudam quam faoiunt Ricardo comiti Q-loucestri.« et Hertfordi.» pro sum- 
monitione seaceam de murdi-is et aliis de quibus clamat habere libertatem per G. 
quondam comitem Gtloucestrie et Hertfordie patrem suum in respectum ponant 
usque in xv. dies a die Sancti Michaelis. Teste, etc., x. die Jumi. 

DXXI. 

QUIT-CLAIM BT ROGER GRAMUS OF A RENT OF HALF A 
MARK, TO MARGAM ABBET ; THE ABBET UNDERTAKING 
TO SUPPLT HIS WIFE AGNES WITH A STIPULATED 
SCALE OF FOOD, SEVEN LOAVES AND FIVE GALLONS 
OF BEER WEEKLT, Etc 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 7.] 24 June. 1245. 

Universis Christi fidelibus hoc presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Rogerus 
Gramus salutem in domino. 

Noverit universitas vostra quod ego consilio et assensu Agnetis uxoris mee et 
heredum meorum relaxavi et quitum damavi . et hac carta mea confirmavi in 
perpetuum Deo et beate Marie de Margan e. m. i. D. s. pro salute anime mee 
et antecessorum et successorum meorura totum redditum meum . scilieet . dimidiam 
marcam argenti quam dicti monaohi solebant mihi reddere annuatira. Ita tamen 
quod predicti monachi reddent uiilii et lieredibus meis unum par cyrothecarum 
albarum vel unum denarium ud pasclia (1(> recognitione. Et sciendum quod 



527 



predicti monachi tenentur annuatim solvere Agneti uxori mee quamdiu viserit 
pro hac relaxatione . et mea quita clamatione unam prebendam ad vite sustenta- 
cionem . scilicet . qualibet septimana per annum septem panes conventuales . et 
qunique lagenas eervisie conventualis. Et semel in anno donec vitam finierit . 
imum crannocum^ de gruello- . et alium crannoeum de fabis . cum uno modio 
salis ad festum Sancti Michaelis. Ego vero Eogerus Gtramtjs et heredes mei 
hanc prediotam relaxationem . et meam quitam olamationem dictis monachis 
contra omnes homines warantizabimus in perpetuum. In hujus rei testimonium 
huic presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. His testibus . Willelmo de 

CORNELY . RlOARDO clericO . WlLLELMO CoLE . WlLLELMO FrONKELBYN . 

JoHANNE WiTHARD . David Wasmeir . Et multis aliis . Facta sunt hec 
anno gratie millesimo . ducentesimo . quadragesimo quinto . ad festum beati 

JOHANNIS BaPTISTE. 

Round seal, brownish-red wax. IJin. diam. A seeded fleur-de-lis. 

' -I- s'. ROGERI . GRAMUS.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Rogeri Gramus de relaxacione reditus sui.' 

(l)AMea3ure. (2) Oatmeal. f?) 

DXXII. 

CONFIRMATION BY THOMAS GRAMUS OF THE QCTIT-CLAIM 
OF HIS FATHER ROGER, TO MAROAM ABBEY, OF AN 
ANNUAL HALF MARK, RESERVING AN ACKNOWLEDG- 
MENT OF A PAIR OF GLOVES OR ONE PENNY YEARLY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. IL] 24 June. 1245. 

Omnibus^ hominibus ad quos hoc presens scriptum pervenerit Thomas Gramxjs 
Balutem in domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod ego consilio et assensu Ysote uxoris mei et 
heredum meorum concessi et hac presenti earta confirmavi Deo et ecelesie beate 



528 



Marie de Margan e. m. i. D. s. relaxationem et quitam clamationem patris mei 
RoGERi GrRAMUS sicut carta ipsius testatur . scilicet de dimidia marca argenti 
quam predicti monachi dicto Eogero patri meo et heredibus suis tenebantur 
solvere annuatim. Ita tamen quod dioti monaehi reddent dicto Eogero patri 
meo et heredibus suis unum par cyrothecarum albarum . vel unum denarium ad 
paseha de recognitione. Ego vero Thomas Gtramus et heredes mei hanc meam 
oonfirmationem et quitam elamationem contra omnes mortales warantizabimus 
in perpetuimi. Li hujus rei testimonium huic scripto sigillum meum apposui. 
TTiis testibus . Willelmo de Cornelt . Rigardo clerioo . Willelmo Cole . 

WlLLELMO FrONKELETN . JOHANNE WlTHARD . DavID WaSMEIR . ct multls 

aliis. 

Facta sxmt hec anno gratie millesimo . ducentesimo . quadragesimo quinto . 
circa festum beati Johannis Baptiste. 

Seal, a fleur-de-lis, between four groups of tbree pellets each. 
' + sigill' thome gramus.' 

Endorsed — ' Cai-ta Thome Grramus de relaxatione patris sui.' 

(1) Very elegaut ornamental liiindwriting, For the Grainus pedigree see No. CLXV. 

DXXIII. 

GRANT BY WALTER LUVEL, OF LAND ADJACENT TO 
THE GRANGE OF ST. MICHAEL ON THE MOUNT, TO 
MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Soiant omnes quod ego Walterls Luvel dedi et eoncessi Deo et B. M. et 
monachis de Margan vij'""- acras terre quas habui ox libero tenemento meo et 
unam quidem earum in escambium unius acre quani ipsi monaohi habuerunt 
jiLxta terram meam. Reliquas vero sex dedi in perpetuam elemosinam liberas et 
quietas nb omiii servicio et exactione seculari pro anima patris mei et antecessorum 



529 



meorum et salute mea et uxoris mee et filiorum meonim. Quarum quidem 
v^"^- acre sunt juxta grangiam de S. Michaele supek Montem prope aquam 
ad occidentem grangie . habeutes ad australem partem terram Eodberti 
CoRUESARii et ad septentrionalem partem terram Alexandri conjunctam sibi. 
Due autem acre ibi sunt juxta terram predictam prefati Alexandri ad septen- 
trionalem partem inter terram quam fuit Walteri Ulf^ . et illam que fuit 
RiCARDi presbyteri. Et pro hac donatione mea abbas de Margan dedit michi in 
caritatem xii''™ solidos argenti teste David filio meo . et uxore mea Athelewa 
et WiLLELMO filiomeo . Einulfo de Kenefeo .RirARDo de Dunester . Rogero 
filio Radulfi et Rodberto fi-atre ejus . Stpehano [Stephano] scriptore . Ricardo 

filio AlBERTI . GrERVASIO filio GlLIANE . WlLLELMO filio GaUFREDI . WlLLELMO 

BoNA Natura . Mansel . Ricardo filio Grammus . et toto hun redo de 
Kenefec. 

Seal, white wax, pointed oval lin. by fin. ; a lily. 

Legend — ' + sigillum walteri luuelli.' 

Endorsed — ' Carte Walteri Luvel de terra quam dedit nobis juxta grangiam 
de S. Michaele . vij*^™' scilicet acras.' 

(!) See No. CCII., and for the notification of this gr.int hy the donor to W. BiBhop of Llandaff, 
No. DXXIT. 

DXXIV. 

NOTIFICATION OF THE GRANT BY WALTER LUVEL, OF 
LAND NIGH TO THE GRANGE OP ST. MICHAEL ON THE 
MOUNT, TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 
W. Dei gratia Landavensi episcopo et omnibus Sanete ecclesie fidelibus ad 
quos presens pervenerit scriptum . Walterus Lupellus salutem. 

Notum facio nobis me dedisse et concessisse Deo et B. M. et monachis de 
Margan vij""" acras tene quas habui de libero tenemento meo quod adquisivi . 

3 B 



530 



et unum quidem earum in excambium unius acre quam ipsi monaohi habuerunt 
juxta terram meam. Eelique vero sex dedi in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
concessu heredum meorum liberas et qmetas ab omni servitio et exactione seculari 
pro anima patris mei et antecessorum meorum et salute mea et uxoris mee et 
filiorum meorum. Quaram quidem v''"^- aore sunt ju.^ta grangiam de Sancto 
MiCHAELE suPER MoNTEM prope aquam ad occidentem grangie . habentes ad aus- 
tralem paiiem terram Eodberti Corvesarii et ad septentrionalem partem terram 
Alexandri conjunctam sibi. Due autem acre ibi sunt juxta terram predictam 
prefati Alexandri ad septentrionalem partem inter terram que . fuit Walteri 
Vlf et illam que fuit Ricardi presbyteri. Et pro hao donatioue mea ut eam 
contra omnes homines monachis warentizem . abbas de Margan dedit michi in 
caritatem xiJ'^'"^- solidos argenti. Testibus . Waltero Lupello filio meo . David 
et WiLLELMO filiis meis . Athelewa uxore mea . Einulfo de Kenefec . Ricardo 
de Dunester . Rogero filio Radulfi et Rodberto fratre ejus . Stephano 
scriptore . Ricardo filio Alberti . Gtervasio filio Gtiliane . Willelmo filio 

Q-AUFRIDI . WlLLELMO BoNA NaTURA . MaNSEL . RlCARDO filio GrAMMUS . 

JoRDANO . et GoDwiNo couversis de Margan . et toto hundredo de Kenefec. 
Seal as before. An ornamental fleur-de-lis. 

' -i- SIGILLUM . WALTERI . LUVELLI.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Walteri Luuel de ^ii. acris terre quas nobis dedit juxta 
grangiam de Sancto Miohaele.' 

Walter Lupellus, or Luvel=Atlielewa. 

1 i 1 

Walter Luvel. David L. WiUiam L. 



531 



DXXV. 
AGEEEMENT WHEEEBY WALTEE LUVEL, WHO IS TO PAY 
TWO SHILLINGS YEAELY EENT FOE LAND EENTED 
FEOM MAEGAM, TAKES OFF, INSTEAD OF THIS, TWO 
SHILLINGS FEOM THE FIVE SHILLINGS YEAELY EENT 
WHICH THE ABBEY OWES HIM FOE THE LAND OF 
PENVEY, AT LANGEWI. , 

[Margam Charter.] 

TJniversis Christi fidelibus has literas visuris et audituris . Walter Luvel 
juuior . nepos David Scurlag . salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod quando monachi de Margan incartaverunt 
michi decem aoras terre arabilis quas habuerunt de dono patris mei juxta terram 
WiLLELMO de CoRNELY . videlicet pro reuditu duorum solidomm . singulis aDnis 
domui de Margan solvendorum ad festum Sancti MitiHAELis a me et heredibus 
meis . Ita convenit inter me et dictos monaohos . videlicet quod loco eorundem 
duorum solidorum cadent singidis annis duo solidi de redditu quinque solidorum 
quos dieti monachi debebant miohi et heredibus meis . pro terra de Penvey . apud 
Langewi . Ita quod decetero dicti monachi non respondebunt miohi nec heredi- 
bus meis nisi tantum de redditu trium solidorum pro predicta terra de Penvey. 
Hiis testibus . Willelmo de Cornely . Eogero Gramus . Thomas filio ejus . 
Wasmeir . Willelmo Cole . Burgensibus de Kenefeg . Waltero de 
Haferford . Willelmo de Sancto Petro monachis de Margan . et multis aliis. 

Seal in dark green wax, pointed oval, l|in. by lin. A seeded fleur-de-lis. 

Legend — '-|- sigill' walteri lovel.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta . W. Luvel junioris de redditu . iii. solidorum de terra 
Penvey.' 



532 



DXXVI. 

MORGAN, SON OF OWEN, IN RECOMPBNSE FOR THE INJURY 

HE HAS INFLICTED ON MARGAM ABBEY, REDUCES THE 

RENT OF HAVOTHALOG FROM TWENTY TO TWO 

SHILLINGS. 

[Makgam Charter.] 12 16. 

Omnibus Christi Melihus presens soriptum v. vel. a. Morganus filius Owen 
salutem in domino. 

Noverit uuiversitas vestra quod hec est concordia finalis facta anno Domini 
millesimo ducentesimo quadragesimo sexto coram domino Willelmo de Burgo 
Landavensi episcopo inter me et moariohos de Margax. Videlicet quod ego 
Morganus consensu et eonsilio heredum meorum et oeterorum amicorum meorum 
pro maximis et euormibus dampnis que diotis monachis intuli . Utpote in 
equitio et animalibus aliis . bobus scilioet et vaccis . rebus etiam aliis quam- 
phirimis quas hio enumerare pretermitto . Quorura dampnorum summa ad 
eentum quinquaginta tres libras sterHngorum a viris prudentibus estimabatur . 
redditum viginti soUdoruiu quem michi annuatim reddere solebant pro Havot- 
HALOCH usque ad redditum duorum solidorum pro me et heredibus meis diotis 
monaohos rolaxavi et quitum clamavi iuperpetuura. Ita sane quod redditum 
duorum solidorum octavo die aufe natale Domini michi et heredibus meis 
aunuatim reddere fideliter non omittant. Et ut hec nostra finalis concordia a 
me ot heredibus meis fideliter et siue dolo teneatur in posterum . voh) qnod 
si contra eam ego vel heredes mei veiiire presurapserimus aliquando quod 
abait . ut statim liceat domino e])iscopo Landavensi . vel alii ordinario qui pro 
tempore fuerit in rae et horedes meos et in terram nostram excommunicationis 
Bontentiam vol interdicti promulgare sine cause oognitione . doneo plenaiie dictis 
monachis satisfeoerimus . Ad majorom etiara hujus obligationis oonfirmationom 
concedo ut ballivi domini comitis ot maxime ballivi (mstrorura do Neth et 



533 



Landtrissen ad hec predieta inviolabiliter observanda nos conipellant. Juravi 
insuper tactis sacrosanetis ecclesie de Margan omnia predicta me fideliter obser- 
vaturum . efc omnia bona predictorum monachorum contra omnes homines pro 
posse meo defensurum. Super hiis etiam omnibus ut hec nostra finalis concordia 
in perpetuum firmitatis robur obtineat . dominus Willelmtjs de Burgo Landa- 
VENSis episcopus in cujus preseutia . consilio etiam et auxilio facta est . Et 
dominus Eicardus comes GrLOUERNiE . una cum sigUlo meo sigilla sua huic 
scripto apposueinint. Hiis testibus . domino Willelmo Landavensi episcopo . 
magistro Petro otficiali . Eadulfo de Novo Castello . Nicholao tunc deeano 
de G-RONNYTH . Stephano Bauzain tunc vicecomite de Glammorgan . Waltero 
de SuLYA . Gilleberto de XJmframvilla . Johanne de Eegny . Willelmo le 
Flammeng . Leysano filio Morgani Cham . Owen ab Alaythur . Yorverd' 
ab Espus . et multis aliis. 
Three seals. 

1. Bishop de Burgo, iii red wax, with counterseal [No. DXXXIV.] 
Imperfect. 

2. In green wax, 2fin. diam. Earl Eichard on horseback, helmet, a flat-topped 
vizor closed, bars vertieal. Surcoat flowing, right arm in chain-mail extended, 
and sword uplifted. On the shield and caparisons the three chevrous of Clare. 

Legend — ' de . c ' 

Eeverse — A large shield of three chevrons, suspended by the guige from an 
omamental tree, between two lions addorsed. 
Legend — ' re . comit ' 

3. In green wax, pointed oval, liin. by |in. Device — An omamental 
fleur-de-lis. 

Legend — ' -1- s' morgan . mab . oein.' 

Bndorsed — ' Carta Morgan filii Owen de ralaxione redditus de Havothaloch.' 



534 



DXXVII. 

GEANT WHEEEBY THE SONS OF ALATTHUE MAKE EESTI- 
TUTION FOE INJUEY DONE TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Chartf.r.] 1246. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris . Oenus . 
Eesus . et Cradocus . filii Ai.aythur salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod hec est concordia finalis facta anno domini . 
millesimo . ducentesimo . quadragesirao se.xto . inter nos et monachos de 
Margan . videlicet quod nos assensu . et oonsilio amicorum nostrorum pro 
maximis et enormibus dampnis que dictis monachis intulimus . utpote in bladis . 
fono . pratis . pasturis . piscariis . nemoribus . grangiis . bercariis . et averiis 
multis . rebus et aliis quamplurimis . quas hio dicere pretermittimus . quorum 
dampnorum summa ad trecentas viginti quatuor libras a viris prudentibus corapu- 
tabatur . dedimus . et concessimus domui beate Marie de Margan et monachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus ut habeant in boaco nostro omnia necessaria sine gabulo . 
et 60 pro voluntate sua utantur ut proprio bosco pro nobis et heredibus nostris 
sine impedimento in perpetuum . pro mngua destructione quam fecimus nos et 
homines nostri in nemoribus dictorum monachorum. Preterea in recompensatione 
dictorum dampnorum pacabimus infra triennium dictis monaehis sexaginta mar- 
cas . in primo anuo videlioet ad festum Sancti Jacobi apostoli decem marcas . et 
ad festum omnium sanctorum secjuens deui-m maroas . simili modo secundo anno 
et tercio. Si vero de nobis humanitus infra dictum tempus contigerit . horedes et 
araici nostri dictam peouniam dictis terniinis monachis prediotis fideliter pacabunt. 
Insuper autera nos et heredes nostri singulis annis ad festum Sancti Andrek 
apostoli viginti solidos dictis monachis nomine redditus solvemus in perpetuum. 
Neonon et redditum quera pro prioribus dampuis supradictis monaohis a nobis 
illatis . ad festum Sancti Michaei.is reddere consuovimus . reddomus . prout carte 



535 



nostre quas eisdem monachis fecimus testantur. Et hoc scilicet sub pena unius 
marce nisi dicti redditus a nobis et heredibus nostris infra quindecim dies a dictis 
tenniois in perpetuum fuerint persoluti. Juravimus insuper super sacrosaneta 
ecclesie de M!argan quod nunquam nos . nec homines nostrl . nee aliquis per nos 
intrabimus cum animalibus . scilicet equiciis . bobus . capris . porcis . seu bidentibus 
ad pascandas terras dictorum monachorum ullo tempore anni sine speciali licentia 
abbatis vel prioris. Nec in domibus eorum manebimus . nec in aqua de Neth 
infra divisas dictorum monachorum piscabimur . seilicet Aber Cleudach . et Aber 
Wrach . nec edios idem facere pro viribus nostris permitteraus. Et ut omnia 
predicta a nobis et heredibus nostris fideliter et sine dolo teneantur in postenmi . 
volumus quod si contra hanc cartam nostram nos seu heredes nostri venire 
presumpserimus aliquando quod absit . ut statim excommunicationi subjaceamus . 
et tota terra nostra interdicto ponatur sine dilatione . ita plane ut cessantibus 
divinis . careamus nos et homines nostri fidelium sepulturis . donec plenarie dictis 
monachis satisfecerimus. Et ad majorem securitatem omnium supradictorum 
dictis monachis hos plegios invenimus . videlicet Leysanum filium Morgani 
Cham dominum nostrum . et heredes ejusdem . cujus consilio . conoessione . et 
voluntate hanc concordiam fecimus. Nisi eciam ea que predicta sunt firmiter a 
nobis et heredibus nostris fuerint eustodita . concedimus ut ballivi domini comitis . 
et maxime ballivi castrorum de Neth et Landguned ad hec omnia inviolabiliter 
oonservanda nos compellant. Super hiis etiam omnibus ut hec nostra finalis 
concordia firmitatis robur optineat in posterum . dominus Willelmus de Burgo 
Landavensis episcopus . et capitulum loci ejusdem . et dominus Ricardus comes 
Gloucestrie . et Letsanus filius Morgani Cham una cum sigillis nostris sigilla 
sua huic scripto apposuerunt. Hiis testibus . Stephano Bauzain . tunc vice- 
comite de Q-lammargan . Waltero de Sullia . Gtilleberto de Humframvilla . 
Johanne de Reygni . Nicholao de Liswrini tunc decano de Gtrunith . Waltero 
LuuEL . EiicARDO clerico ia Kenefeg . Reso clerico de Landguned . Joruardo 
ab Esi'us . Wronu ab Cradoc . Lewelino ab Gtrifin . Cradoco ab Madoc . 



536 



Knatho Goh . Wronu Goh . Philippo filio Morgani . Ketherec ab Readlan . 
Heylin Pren . et mxiltis aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Hec est finalis concordia inter filios Alajthnr . et monachos de 
Morgau,' aud in later handwriting, ' de libertate in bosco . Lyson Morgan Cham.' 

Seven seals. 

1. The Bishop of Llandaff. (See No. DXXVI.) 

2. Oval. An Agnus Dei. 

' . . . . lum . landavensis ' (Chapter of Llandaff.) 

3. Oval. A seeded fleur-de-lis. 

' s' . LESSANI . AB . MORGAN.' 

4. Wauting. (Richard, Eai"l of Gloucester.) 

5. Rouud. A seeded fleur-de-lis. 

'+ S' . OWEIN . f' . ELAITHO.' 

6. Round. A rosette. 

'-f SIGIl' . RESl . riLIl . ALITHHURI.' 

7. Round. A rosette. 

'-|- s' . CRADOCI . FIL' . ALAITHO.' 

DXXVIII. 

AGREEMENT WHEREBY SUSANNA DE BONEVILL' AND 
WILLIAM, HER SON, CONVET HER LAND TO MARGAM 
ABBEY ON CONDITION OF FINDING HER IN BREAD, ETC, 
SUCH A8 ONE OF THE ABBEY SERGEANTS WOULD HAVE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Hec conventio facta est inter raonachos de Margan et Scsannam de Bonevill' 
et WiLLELMUM filium ejus quod monaohi habobunt totam terrom et pratum 
predicte Susanne cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis quamdiu ipsa 
Susanna vixerit preter v. acras quas prefatus Willklmus filius ejus tenet. Et 



537 



soiendum quod quando prefata Susanna obierit . mouachi de Margan tenebunt 
omnia preJicta usque ad pleuariam perceptionem vestiture ejusdem anni . 
Monachi autem invenient sepedicte Susanne quamdiu ipsa vixerit ad viotum ejus 
in pane et pulmento quantum uni servienti suo. Ipsa vero Susanna et 
WiLLELMUs filius ejus jui'averunt supra altare quod hanc conventionem tenebunt 
absque malo ingenio. Et hoc fecerunt in ecclesia de Bonevill' coram his 
testibus . RiCARDO presbitero de Bonevill' . Roberto Samson . Radulpho 
tunc preposito de Bonevill' . Grifino clerico . Waxtero de Marecros . et 
Willelmo fratre ejus. 

Labels for two seals, of which the fii-st only remains. It is in white wax, lin. 
diam. Devioe, a star of fourteen rays, set like clubs, radiating from a central 
button. 

Legend — ' + sigill' will' . filii . susanne.' 

Endorsed — ' Susanna de Bonevill'.' 

But little is known of the Bonrilles of G-lamorgan, although they were munerous, and continually 
occur in local Charters. They came from Devon and Dorset, where they held Minehead, Westcomb, Shnte, 
and Chewton ; were of Bonvileston, in Plymlegh, Henry III., and Edward HI. ; were suuunoned to Parlia- 
ment in 1449 : and inherited the barony of Hariugton. They also gave name to a parish in Pembrokeshire. 
In Glamorgan Sir Simon gave name to the parish and fee of Bonvilleston, called by the Welsh Tre-Simon, 
from the Tve or Castle, of which traces of the fosse and enceinte wall remain south of the church, near 
which Coed-yr-Abbot preserres the memory of a later conuexion with Margam. The confirmation of 
Bishop Nicholas, 1153-1 183, .shews tuat Tewkesburj' then held two parts of the tythe, and in the confivmation 
of King John to Margam. in 1205, Jolm de B. appears as the douor of 50 acres. This may be Johannes 
Clericus de BonaviUa f rom whom Henry, son of John de B., had the crof t ' Johannis Clerici ' and five 
virgates for WUIiam de B. and Mabel his wife, Geoffrey and Jordan B. being witnesses. Mabel afterwards 
gave up her dower land to Mai-gam for £* sterling, GeoiErey, Henry, and Simon— no doubt near kinsmen 
of her husband — being witnes.ses. John de B. also gave 30 acres toMargam,aud vrith William his brother 
— the two sons of ' John the Clerk '— quit-claimed to the same the land their f athev held f vom the Templars. 
Jolin de B. also gave land to William the havper (Citharedo), as did William, son of John, with his 
daughter Sibilla. The harper also appears as a donor to Margam, and Sibilla, as his widow, confinns the 
grant. Another widow, CecUia de B., confirms to Adam, her eldest son, her land in Bonvileston, Simon and 
James de B. being witnesses, Robert de B., with Aliza his wife, grants to Margam, saving the thivds of 
Cristina de B. (another widow), the whole fee of Bonvileston, in lee farm, which is confirmed by Raymund 
de Snlly, who descvibes Robert as ' liber homo meus,' he being free lord. Robert de B. and Juliana his wife 
gave lands in Craumere to Tewkesbury. [N. Mon. IV, 73.] 

The Close RoU of 1297 [25 Edwavd I., M. 18, 9 May] mentions James de Bonevill and AmabUia his wife, 
as co-complainants vvith Simou de Ralee and Johanna his wife ; the subject being no doubt the heritage of 
the two wives, who were probably coheirs of de Eeiguy. It is probable that Amabilia died childleas. 

3s 



538 



See DXLIV. £or Bobert and Aliza de Bonevilla's gif t to Margaiu. 

Next, probably about 12tJ0, occurs William de Bonavilla, son of John, who gives to the monks of 
Margam forty acre.s of arable land which they held of the Templars in the time of his father, paying to 
them forty pence annually. This seems to be a gift on condition that the land shall be his and not the 
Templars, and was probably taken by the monks as a measiire of precaution [7.5 B. 17]. It may be 
observed that King John's Charter emunerates, next after the Boneville grant, forty acres given by the 
Templars. 

Soon af terward» Abbot Gilbert is f ound esecuting agreements with John le Norreys, who holds lands and 
tenements in Bonevilestou of the Convent, hy which Norreys admits the holding at the seisin of 12d. per 
ansum, and monthly rent at the Abbofs Court of Bonvileston, paying the foreign aervice and reasonable 
relief to the Abbot when due, with cnstody of the lands and heir when a minor, and fealty. For those 
considerations, and at the instance of frilbert, Earl of Gloucester, the Abbot warrants to le Norreys and 
his heirs the tenement of the fee of Bonvileston should he (the Abbot) be impleaded in the Easter Court, 
but should le Norreys be so impleaded, and cast, he cau only come upon Margam for a pair of gilt spurs 
of 6d. value, as value of the land ho lost, and le Norreys covenants under a forfeiture of £100 sterling not 
to aell more than the gilt spurs. [76 A. 36.] 

In 1291, Ist February, the Ahbot,aa Lord of the fee of Bon vileston, is partyto an agreement with Thomas 
le Spodur of that place, by which Thomas gives up,in perpetuity, au acre of land, a house and curtilage in 
the vill of Tudekistowe, which Thomas, son of Robert Acus, formerly held of Margam, and which lies 
between the Margam land and the main road towards the common called Newton's Down. In retum the 
Abbot grant.s to Thomas two acres in the fee, one in Redelond iield aud one near the vUI, which Roger, son 
of Cady, formerly held, paying 14d. per annum, and doing suitof Court. At Thomas' death a heriot of Ss. 
to be paid. [7.t A. 42.] 

In 1302, 24th June, Jolm, son and heir of Henry de Bonvyle de Bonevylston. informs the faithful that he 
has demised and acquitted lo Margam, for himself and his heirs, 14s. sterling of a oertain 40s., annual 
rent due to him from the Abbey, and this in exchange for 143. annnal rent upon the tenement which 
Philip le Especer formerly held of Margam iu Bristol, and which is now assigned to his lord, Reymund 
de Sullye, who in returns enfeoffs John and his heirs of 14s. rent in exchange for 203. which Matthew 
Everrard, Joan his vnie, and Hugo their son, used to pay to Keymund for a tenement held by them at 
Holeton, in the lordship of Dinas Powys. A somewhat complex arrangeraent, showing de Sully to have 
been Boneville's lord, and poiuting to the retirement of the Bonevillea from the county. [75 B. 22.] 

It does not here appear how de SuUy came to be the superior lord of de Boneville : perhaps this may 
be connected with the superiority of 'Wenvoe over Bonevileston, mentioned above, and the fact that in 
1262, as appears by the County Extent, 'Walter, the then lord of Sully, held also two fees in 'Wenvoe. 

A deed of 2.5th July, 1378, records an exchange by the Abbot and conveut of two acres of arable land in 
Redelond, and five acres next the old castle on the northem side of Bonvileston, with 'Will. Wrouno 
[Grono] de Bonevileston, against his seven acres next Heligogy on the west side. [76 A. 43.] The 
Spencer Survei/ of l.'!20 mentions Ma : Bonville, l.i. plough lands. This may be Maurice Bonville. 

26th November, 13.30, occurred a plea bef ore the Sheriff of Glamorgan between the Abbot of Margam and 
John le Woledon, who held a free tenement under Margam in Bonevileston, for which John le Flemyng 
of St. George's claimed scrvice. Woledon absconded, leaving uothing l)ehind, npon which the Abbot 
becarae responsible to John le Flemyng. [Pr.incis MSS.] 

30th November, 1377, an indenture was agreed to between the Abbot and convent aiid John Denys of 
Waterton, by which they granted him in farm eighty-uine acres of land in the fee of Bonvileston, during 



539 



the minority of John, son and lieir of John Norreis of Leche Castle, at 13;*. 4d, per aiinum. [75 A. 4o.] 
The Abbot held the Norreis lands as lord of the fee. 

The Golden Grove Book meutions Elias de Bonville a* contemporary with WiUiam, Earl of Glouceater, 
Simou as the peraon who gave name to the parieh and manor, William as named in the datele.sa deed, 
Maurice, and John, and adds that an heiress of Bonville married Lewis Raglan. Bonvileston probably 
remained in the Cro^vn from the dissolution until 18th Pebruary, 32 Henry YTTT [Oiig., p. 'JO, part I., 
m. 62], when the manor and rectory were granted to Sir John St. John, Kt., in exchange for other lands. 

Sir John did not long retatn hi.s acquisition. 33 Henry VUJ. he lined £4 13s. 4d. for licence to alienate to 
John Bassettthe manor and rectory of Bonevileston,and John Bassett did homage and fealty to the Crown 
for the manor and rectory of Bonevileston, and messnage.s in Brandiston, Monewydon, Hoo, Kilylboro', 
Some-Count, and Cretyngham. [/iid., p. 93, m. 12tj, and p. 90, m. 69.] Further, 8 Elizabeth, is a 
memorandum conceming the exonerating William Bassett and Edward Manxwell from the anuual rent 
of iive marks from the manor of Bonwyshton. The Bassetts thus acqnired Bonvileston, which they still 
retain in the person of Thurstan Bassett. 

Allnsion has been made to the Templar lands in or near Bonvileston, of which they gave 40 acres to 
Margam before 1205. The residue no doubt descended to the Knights of St. John, for in the Lansdowne 
MSS. [No. 200, p. 6] is a Chartei- by Johu Kendall, prior of St. John of Jerusalem in England, dated 
20th June, 1492, by which he lets to Roger Vaughan, and Roger his son, all their demesne lands in the 
Lordship of Milton, Glamorgan, \rith a water mill newly built there, for forty-one years from the 
Assumption of the Virgin, at a rent of 44s., payable to the PreceiJtor of Dynmor. 

Thia property was acqiured by John Bassett, who did homage 35 Henry VIII. for the manor of Milton. 
[Orig., p, 77, part I., m, 91.] It has descended with Bonvileston to Thurstan Bassett, whose f ather rebuilt 
the Parish Church, They represent in the male line the Bassetts of Beanpre and St. Hilary. 



DXXIX. 

GEANT BY CECILIA DE BONAVILLA TO ADAM, HER ELDEST 
SON, OF ALL HER LAND IN THE TOWN AND FEE OF 
BONEVILESTUN. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B, 18,] 

Seiant presentes et futiiri quod ego Cecilia de Bonavilla dedi et ooncessi et 
hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Ade filio meo primogenito pro homagio et 
servicio suo totam terram quain habui in villa et in feudo de Bonevilestun , 
scilicet viginti acras terre , videlicet quindecim terre arabUis . et quinque de prato . 
quarum decem jacent simul in campo quijvocatur Pratum Clerici . ex quibus una 
pars est de prato , et alia de terra arabili , et iina acra jacet in parte occidentis 
proxima itineri Veteris ville . et una acra prati et dimidia jaoet in parte auetrali 



540 



fontis prosime terre Eicardi filii Gtalfridi. Et una acra terre arabilis et una 
perticata terre jacet proxima mansioni Ricardi filii Galfridi . in parte occiden- 
tali. Et tres acre arabiles jacent simul apud viam que vocatur Q-racilis Via . 
Et tres acre arabilis jacent apud La pole in boreali parte ville de Bonevilestun . 
cum illo orto et messuagio quod jaeet proximum mansioni Wrunc medici. Tenen- 
dum ethabendum de domino abbate de Margan et ejusdem loci conventu dicto Ade 
et heredibus suis. Eeddendo inde annuatim dicto abbati et conventui dictus Adam 
et heredes sui unam dimidiam libram cere ad festum Sancti Michaelis . pro omni 
servicio et exaccione et demanda et omni re seculari . preter regale quod debatur 
domino de Wnuo.' In cujus rei testimonium hanc presentem cartam sigillo 
meo confirmavi. Hiis testibus . Symone de Bonavilla . Jacobo de Bonavilla . 

EOBERTO GOWEL . RlCARDO filio GaLFRIDI . AdA FrANKELEIN . JoHANNE 

Springale et multis aliis. 

(I) Wenvoe? 

DXXX. 

GRANT BY JOHN DE B0NEVILL[EST0N] TO MARGAM 
ABBEY OF LAND IN BONEVILL', Etc. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis p. et f. ad quos presens scriptum pei-venorit . 
JoHANNKs de Bonevill' sahitem. 

Seiatis me dedisse et coucessisse et presenti carta confirraasse Deo et e. S. M. de 
M. et m. i. D. s. pro sahite anime mee et anteoessorum et suocessorum meorum 
xxxiiJ. acras terre arabilis in feudo meo de Bonevill' in perpetuam elemosinam . 
habendas et tenendas de me et heredibus meis sine omni servitio seculari . exac- 
tione . et consuetudine . integre . pacifice . quiete . et libere . sicut idla 
elemosina potest liberius haberi et teneri. Preterea concessi et oonfirmavi eis 
totam terram Wilt.elmi Oitharedi . scilicet xu. acras terre arabihs et dimidiam 
acram prati . cum tofto et erofto . Et ex dono Susanne . quinque aoras. Heo 



541 



omnia concessi et confinnavi predictis monachis habenda et tenenda de me et 
heredibiis meis in perpetuum libere et quiete . et sine omni servitio seeulari 
exactione et consuetudine. Hiis testibus . Philippo de Maecros . "Waltero 
de SuLiA . WiLLELMo SoR . EicARDo Flamango . RicARDO capellauo de 
Bonevill' . Waltero clerico de Ccmkebiria . Roberto Samsone. 

Seal, round-ended oval, in dark green wax, IJin. by lin. Device — An Arabic 
sentence or eypher. 

Legend — '+ sigill' johann' de bonevile.' 

Endorsed — 'J. de Bonevilest' de xxxiu. acris . et confirmatio terrarum . 
W. Citharedi et Susanne.' 

DXXXI. 

GRANT BT ROBERT DE BONEVILLA TO MARGAM ABBEY, OP 
THIRTT-FOUR ACRES IN THE FEE OF BONVILESTONE. 
[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant p. et f . quod ego Robertus de Bonevilla . consilio . et consensu uxoris 
mee et aliorum amicorum meorum concessi et dedi . et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi D. et B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. pro salute anime mee . et omnium 
antecessorum . et successorum meorum xxx'"- iiu'"^- acras terre in feudo de Bone- 
villest[one] . in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . scilicet totam terram illam 
que jacet juxta bercariam suam de Bonevillest[one] et tendit a magna via que 
dioitur Port Stkete usque ad Hellrgogy et usque ad divisas de Penduuelin . 
ut prefati monaohi habeant et teneant predictam terram de me et heredibus 
m[eis] cum omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis suis absque omui servitio sicut 
uUa elemosiua liberius et quiecius potest [teneri] . Et ego et heredes mei predictam 
terram domui de Margan siout puram elemosinam nostram contra omnes 
homines warantizabimus imperpetuum. Hiis . testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta ejusdem de xxx**^ iiu'"'- aoras.' 



542 



DXXXII. 

DEED WIIEEEBY REIMUND DE SULLY CONFIRMS TO MARGAM 

ABBEY THE FEE-FARM OF BONVILLESTONE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant presentes et futm-i quod ego Reimundus de Sullia consilio et consensu 
amicorum meorum concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecolesie Sancte 
Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in perpetuam elemosi- 
nam illam feudo-firmam quam Robertus de Bonevill' liber homo uieus fecit eis 

de tota terra sua de Bonevilestone ut habeant et teneant per o eandem 

terram de Bonemlestone cum onmibus pertinentibus suis injjerpetuum sicut 
carta dicti Roberti quam inde habent testatur libere et quiete ab omni consuetu- 
dine et exactione et servitio seculari quod ad me pertinet vel ad heredes meos 
excepto servitio dimidii militis quod miohi et heredibus meis facient predicti 
monauhi et exceptis quadragiuta denariis ad wardam de Kardif et ego et heredes 
mei warantizabimus hanc concessiouem et confirmationem dictis monaohis contra 
omnes homines imperpetuum. Hiis testibus . magistro Radulpho Mailoc . 

WlLLELMO de ReIGNY . WlLLELMO de SOMERV . RlCARDO PlNCERNA . 

Willelmo le H Gwidone Wak . Roberto Samson . Waltero Pagano . 

Gaufrido monacho de Neth . PHiLippode Hales . Willelmo de Sancto Petro 
monacho de Makgan . Roberto de Landmeuthin et Espus . conversis de 
Margan et multis aliis. 

In 1379 the Abbot of Margam gi-.inted to .lohn Denyf a lease of eighty-six acres of land at Bonvileston 
dnring the nonage of Johu, son of John Norris, of Leche Castle. [76 A. 46.] How this estate was 
acquirod does not appear. Leche Castle i» a square earthwork of Roman aspect, and near the old Roman 
road frora Cardiff to Cowbridge. Tbia is the oiily evidence of its h.-xving bcen a residcnce. Thc manor, of 
small ertent, in dependent upon Wenvoe. As Bonvileston h.ad already been made over to Margam, John 
was probably in ward to the Abbot. 

This document has npparently been mislaid. Sec Bircb. Iliat. oj Margam Abbeij. \i. '241. n. 



543 



DXXXin. 
A FINE PASSED IN THE ' COMITATUS ' OR COUNTY COURT 
OF GLAMORGAN, BETWEEN THE ABBOT OF MARGAM 
.VND LETSON, SON OF MORGAN, RESPECTING THE WATEE, 
FISHERY, AND MILL-POOL OF AVON RIVER. 

[Margam Charter.] 8 May. -31 Hen. III. 1247. 
Heo est finalis conoordia facta in comitatu de Kardif apud Sanotum Nicho- 
LAUM die Lune scilioet in festo Sanoti Johannis apostoli ante portam Latinam 
anno regni Regis Henrici filii Regis Johannis tricesimo primo coram domino 
Stephano Bausane tunc vicecoinite de Glammargan . et dominis Waltero de 
SuLiE .WiLLELMO dc Reynni . WiLLELModeBARRi . militibus . Thoma Nerberd . 

WlLLELMO FlANDRENSI . JOELO filio WlLLELMI . RoBERTO de CaNTELUPO . JoELO 

tunc preposito de Lanyltwith et multis aliis in dicto comitatu existentibus , inter 
abbatem et conventum de Margan petentes . et Leysanum filium Morgani 
tenentem de aqua de Avene. Unde placitum initum fuit inter prediotos abbatem 
et conventum . et predictum Leysanum per breve domini Ricardi de Clare 
eomitis Gloucestrie et Hertfordie de nova disseysina in dicto comitatu . 
videlieet quod dictus Leysanus recognovit pro se et heredibus suis dictis abbati 
et conventui totam aquam de Avene . et oninimodas piscarias in dicta aqua siout 
]'us suum in perpetuum . salvo tamen dicto Leysano et heredibus suis molendino 
de Avene et aqua sufficiente ad idem molendiniun et stagno suffioiente in dicta 
aqua. Ita tamen quod pisoes et pisoarie totius aque predicte tam faote quam 
faciende . dictis abbati et conventui plenarie remaneant. Pro dicta vero aqua 
suffioienter ad diotum molendinum libere habendum reddet dictus Leysanus et 
heredes sui dictis abbati et oonventui unam libram citnini annuatim in festo 
Sanoti Michaelis. 

Fine seal of Leysan, as usual, in red wax. 

'sigil[lu]m [le]isaun filii morgani.' 

The deed is indented, and along tbe top and the left hand margin, the lettera 
being cut in half, is the -word cirografpum. 

Endorsed, in a late hand — ' Fynis pyscaiiae de Avan et aquae currentis ad 
molendinum ' ; ' redditus unius librae de comin.' 

The comitatus meeting, usually held at Cardiff, was aUo ambulatory. On one occasion it was held at 
StalUng Down, on another at St. Nicholas. 



544 



DXXXIY. 

AOKNOWLEDGMENT BY ONATTHO AB YAGO, AND OTHERS, 
OF ST. BRIDGET'S SUPERIOR, THAT THEY HAVE 
DAMAGED MARGAM ABBEY IN HER GRANGE OF EGLIS- 
KEINWIR, AND ARRANGING TERMS OF RESTITUTION 
OF ONE MARK YEARLY AND TWENTY-FOUR MEN'S 
WORK FOR SIX YEARS. 

[Margam Charter.] 

St. Donat's Day. 7 AuG. 1247. 

Universis Ohristi f. li. p. s. v. vela. Cnaytho ab Yago . Candalo ab Walter'. 
Walter' ab Wassamfret . Eynon Vachan . Wronu ab Eynon . Wronu Du . 
et filii ejus . Yewan ab Aythan . Aythan Vachan . Philip' ab Alured . 
Yewan Palmer . Eynon ab Ruathlan . Eirid ab Ruathlan . Jorvard ab Yvor . 
Cradoc ab Alured . Eynon ab Nestrec . Wronu ab Yvor . Wronu ab Caterod . 
WiLiM ab Ythel . Ithenerd ab Yvor . Wasmeyr ab Oaterod . Ythel ab 
Lewelin . Heylin ab Goythur . CNAY'THoabKENEWREc . LEWELiNab Kenlas . 
Wronu ab Wasmeyr . Wassamfret Vachan . Wronu ab Wassamfret . Yewan 
ab GiuLA . LouARK ab Wasdewi . Ythel Grun et mater ejus Wladus filia 
Ythel . Wi,ADus uxor Aythan . Weyruil filia Yvor . Weurdit filia Rired . 
Lkwelit uxor Aythan de Sancta Brigida superiori salutem in Domino. 

Noverit uuiversitas vestra nos in recompensacione multorum et magnorum 
dampnorum que monachis de Margan intulimus apud grangiam suam de 
Egleskeinwir . et in locis aliis ad dictos monachos pertinentibus utpote . 
pratis . pascuia . nemoribus . edibus . feno . blado . et rebus aliis multis . quorum 
estimacio dampnorum sexaginta excedit libras reddituros diotis monachis infra 
ourriculum sequencium sex annorum . vi. marcas . quolibet videlioet anno ad festum 
Sanoti Donati marcam unam . sub pena xx" solidorum primam mai"cam solvere 
iuoipientes anno gracio m" cc" xlvii" Si vero quemquum uostrum infra 



545 



xiltimum prefixum terminum mori contigerit . morientis heres taxatam solu- 
cionem pro defunoto supplebit. Et quia ad dictorum satisfaocionem dampnorum 
minus suffioit tantilla pecunie solucio . voluntate ducti spontanea dedimus et con- 
oessimus Deo et ecclesie B. M. de Margan nos et heredes nostri vel successores 
servicium . xx"- iiii'"- homiuum qui parati erunt omni tempore ad auxiliiim et 
defensionem dicte domus super eumptus monaehorum oontra omnes injuriautes 
preter proprium dominum quicunque ab eisdem vel eorum assignatis fuerimus 
requisiti. Juravimus etiam super sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan quod decetero 
nulium dampnum nullo in loco dictonim monachorum inferemus eisdem . vel 
inferri pro posse nostro permittemus . Neo furtum de bonis suis reeipiemus . nec 
fures seu raptores bonorum suorum manutenebimus set fideles eisdem erimus 
imperpetuum . neo terrarum suarum terminos cum animalibus nostris pasoendis 
intrabimus aliquo tempore anni. Si vero nos seu heredes nostri contra dictam 
formam quod absit aliquando venire presumpserimus . videlicet ut oum animali- 
bus pascendis terminos monaohorum dictorum uUo tempore decetero ingrediamur . 
in penam transgressionis dabimus dictis monachis singiUis vicibus quibus trans- 
gressi fuerimus . pro unoquoque bove . seu vacca . equo . vel equa . denaiium unum . 
pro . xij. ovibus denarium unum . pro totidem porcis seu capris tantumdem . 
a,bsque contradictione aliqua. Volumus etiam ut si nos seu heredes nostii dicte 
forme fuerimus transgressores . quod dominus Landa^^ensis episcopus qui pro 
tempore fuerit vel ejusdem sedis ordinarius absque strepitu judioiali nos statim 
excommunioationis et interdicti sentenoie supponat. Et quia sigilla propria nou 
habemus . ad peticionem nostram dominus Willelmus de Burgo tunc Landa- 
VENSis episcopus huic soripto sigillum suimi apposuit una cum sigillis . magistri 
QoBio tunc preoentoris Landavie . et W. de Caneton' tunc decani ejusdem 
looi . judicum a domino Papa subdelegatorum ad totam causam que inter nos et 
dictis monaohos vertebatur. Hiis testibus . Dominis Gilleberto de Hum- 
framuile . Waltero de Sullia . Thoma vicario de Llantrissen . timc 
oancellario domini episcopi Landaa-ensis . Eadulpho tunc rectore ecclesie de 

3T 



546 



Novo Oastello . JoRVARDO ab Espus . Ri^so Coch . Eicardo clerico de 
Kenefeg . Thomas de Cantelo . Philippo de Kayrmerth[in] . Johanne de 
SuEYNESE . monachis de Margam . Pagano tunc vioario de Cohytchirche et 
multis aliis. 

Three seals, of which the 2nd and 3rd are lost. 

The remalning seal is one of singular elegance of design and fine execution, 
as appears from the' Bishop's effigy and a part of the background, which alone 
remaiu. The Bishop stands on a carved bracket in full robes — a jewelled clasp 
at his neek, and the mitre on his head. The right hand is lifted in benediction ; 
the left, also lifted, grasps a pastoral staff near its top, which is broken o£f. The 
background is reticulated in quatrefoils, with a flower at the junction of thelines, 
and in each compartment is a crescent. 

Legend — ' gr ensis . e . . . . ' 

Counterseal — Smaller, pointed oval, 1 ^in. by lin. Device — The Annunciation 

of the Blessed Virgin. Below, under an areh, the Bishop adoring the divine 

group. 

' + VE . DELENS . p[er] . AVE . PIA . p[er] . TE . [lIBe]rER A Y^.' 

The play of words in this line is upon ' ve ' woe, and ' ave ' hail, and it may 
be rendered ' thou pious one, who destroyedst human woe by the word 
' ffaW let me be delivered by thee from this woe.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta hominum de Saiicta Brigida Superiore.' 

Wassamfret. Arthan=Wladii8. 

I ! 

I 



Walter. Wassamfret Vachan. Wronu. Yewan. Aythan Vachan=Lcwelit. 



547 



DXXXV. 

PLEA BEFOEE KING HENET IH. BETWEEN EICHAED SYWAED 
AND EICHAED DE CLAEE, EAEL OF GLOUCESTEE. 

[Wallia 32 Hen. III., Sancti Mich., Cott. MS. Vitellius C.X., 

p. 17, 2 b.] - 1248. 

Gloucestria. Eicardus de Claee comes Gtloucestrie attachiatus fuit 
ad respondendum Eicardo Syward' de plaeito quare cum venisset ad man- 
datum suum ad quoddam parKamentum in Glammorgan ipsum Eicardum 
arrestavit et coegit ad obsides tradendos donec redderet ei castrum suum de 
Thalevon et constabularium sumn cepit et imprisonavit contra pacem etc. et 
unde queritur quod eum venisset apud les Escaleurs in Glamorg.^n ubi 
predictus comes tenuit parliamentimi suum die Mercurii proximo ante transla- 
tiouem Sancti Thome Martiris regni Eegis qui nunc est xxix. [5 Julii 1245] 
in pace domini Eegis absque summonitione contentione et placito que ibi 
credebat habere venit dictus comes et corijus ipsius Eicardi arrestavit et 
tanquam prisonem detinuit donec obsidem ei invenisset scilicet Paganum 
de Sancto Philiberto ut personaliter veniret in erastino ad reddendum ei pre- 
dictum castriim suum de Thalevan ita quod ibid^m venit cum constabulario suo 
et quodam alio serviente statim venit predictus comes et ipsos cepit et ipsum 
EiCARDUM retinuit donee ei redderet predictum castnim sibi reddidit (sic) . Idem 
comes retinuit constabularium predictum et illum poni fecit in gaola sua in 
vineulis et ferris doneo finem fecisset cum eo pro vita sua et membris suis 
pro Lx. marcis. Preterea predictus comes ista malitia nondum contentus 
ubi idem Eicardus habuit terram suam de Llanblidian extra castrum 
predictum venit predictus comes et contra pacem domini Eegis et ibi cepit l. 
boves de preoio xxx. marcarum et cc. bidentes precio x. marcarum et alia ani- 
malia et bona ut "equos poreos et arma ad valenciam x. marcariun et 



548 



bona alia contra pacem et abduxit. Et postquam dominus Rex mandavit 
dieto comiti quod dum predictus E.icardus fuisset in servicio domini 
Begis et in guerra sua apud Glammork omnes contentiones inter eos 
mote ponerentur in respectum et omnia bona ipsius Ric^ardi in pace essent 
usque in orastinum animarum, venit predictus oomes et terram ipsius Ricardi 
cepit in manum suam et fecit liberos homines suos facere ei homagium et 
villanoE fidelitatem. Et quod hoc fecit contra pacem domini Regis et dampnum 

suum de producit testes. Et comes alias venit coram domino Rege 

scUicet a die Pasche in xv. dies apud Oxoniam anno regni sui tricesimo primo 
[1247] quod attachiatus fuit ad respondendum predicto Ricardo de predictis 
transgressionibus et defendit vim etc. et quiequid contra paoem est etc. Et dixit 
quod non videbatur ei quod debeat ei ibidem respondere quia cum predictus 
Ricardus conquestus fuit de transgressione ei facta in Q-lammorgan et ipse comes 
habuit talem libertatem in terra sua de Q-lammorgan quod nullus de hominibus 
suis neo aliis debent de aliquo placito placitare alibi quam infra libertatem suam 
de G-lamorgan et desiout idem Ricardus qui tunc oonquerebatur est de 
libertate illa et terre unde conquerebatur et res sunt de Qlamorgan. Et desicut 
ipse conquestus fuit quod ti-ansgressio predicta si facta fuit, facta fuit ibidem. 
Et desicut ipse nec antecessores sui nunquam alibi solebant placitare quam ibidem 
non videbatur ei quod deberet ei respondere. Etrogavit dominum Regem quod 
teneret ei libertatem suam et quod dominus Rex mitteret ibidem si ei placeret 
duos vel tres vel quatuor milites de consilio ad audiendam querelam predioti 
RiCARDi ibidem et responsam suam ita quod si bene feoerit secundum oonsue- 
tudinem patrie pro justitia fieret sin autem bene concederet quod factum ejus 
corrigeretur per dominum Regem. Et comes requisitus extra placitum si ipse 
haberet castrum et terram prediotam de judicio comitatus sui vel alio modo dixit 
quod bene ostendet ibidem quod ille habuit per judicium ourie sue et seoundum 
consuetudinem et usagium patrio. Et Ricardus Siward per attornatum suum 
tunc venit et dixit quod non videbatur ei quod debet ouriam suam de querela illa 



549 



ibidem habere set debet tuno coram Rege respondere quod ipse Ricardus con- 
questus fuit de persona propria ipsius comitis. 

Postea coram domino Rege et cousilio suo tunc provisum fuit quod dominus 
Rex mitteret ibidem Walterum de Clifford Johannem de Munemeu' 
Walerannum Thegtonicum^ et Gilbertum del Val' ad aadiendum in euria 
predicta utnim dictus comes bene fecorat et juste in facto predicto ita quod si 
bene fecerat seoundum consuetudinem et usagium patrie staret factum sin autem 
milites facerent recordum domino Regi et ipse factum Olud corrigeret. Unde 
per provisum illum mandatum fuit predictis Waltero de Olifford . Johanni 
de MuNEMEu' . Waltero Theotonico et loco Gilberti del Val' . Nicholao de 
Mkules . quod essent coram domino Eege a die Sancti Johannis Baptiste 
[24 Junii] in unum mensem proximo preterito etc. ad testifioandumsimulrecordum 
factum in curia Ricardi comitis Gtloucestrie de Q-lammorgan inter ipsum 
comitem et Ricardum Stward per quod idem Ricardus dixit injuste esse utla- 
gatum et quod reoordum domino Regi mitterent sub sigillis suis in crastino Saneti 
Hillarii [14 Jan.]. Et ubi tune venisse debuerunt ete. simul ad testificandum 
recordum illud et non venerunt sicut venire debuerunt etc. et ipsi omnes ad 
diem illam venerunt et teatifioati f uerunt quod recordum quod miserunt in orastino 
Sancti Hillarii secundum quod in recordo illo scriptum fuit audivenmt recordari 
in comitatu de Q-lamorgan et quando predictus comes fecit coram eis reoordum 
illud omni eodem modo siout continetur in predioto recordo et similiter testificati 
fuerunt quod coram eis venit Paganus de Sancto Philiberto et obtulit se quasi 
attornatum predicti Ricardi Syward et obtulit probare per corpus oujusdam 
liberi hominis contra curiam prediotam quod recordum illud quod recordabatur 
coram ipsis militibus ia parte fuit verum et in parte falsum et protulerunt recordum 
quod tale est. 

CoMiTATUs de Q-lamorgan. Apud Stalur' die Mercurii proximo ante 
translationem beati Thome Martiris anno R: R. Henrici xxix. [7 Julii 1245] 
ibidem venit Ricardus de Clare comes Q-loucestrie et Hertfordie et appellare 



550 



feeit dominum Rtcardtjm Syward de seductione et felonia quam ei fecerat 
scilieet quod dictus RicARDirs Stvvard qui fuit de familia comitis et de consilio 
contra fidem comitis et homagium quod ei fecerat et contra pacem suam sicut 
felonus iiifregit treugas que capte fuerunt inter dominum comitem et Howelinum 
filium Merkducki que quedam treuge eapte fuerunt pro comite et pro onmibus 
hominibus suis de Q-lamorgan videlicet a die Dominica prosima post festum 
Sancti Martini durature usque ad Epiphaniam proxime sequentem ejusdem 
anni. Nam idem Ricardus Stwarb eontra fidem dicti comitis et contra pacem 
suam et contra formam predictarum treugarum ad exheredacionem comitis et ad 
guerram tenendam super ipsum comitem et homines suos et terram suam, cepit 
gentes et imprisonavit seilicet Gtriffinum Latimer . Wramon ab Kadougan . 
Resum ab Kadougan . Griffinum ap Medrik Vaughan . Yoruard ab Agareth 
«t alios scilicet die MARTisproximo post diem Nativitatis infra predictam treugam 
qua aceione dictus Howel cepit Thomam de Hodnach infra eandem treugam 
et ipsum redemit pro ducentis marcis unde Willelmus de Wautone vioecomes 
et alii ballivi comitatus mandaverunt dicto Howelo quod faoeret illud commen- 
dare et diotus Howel respondit quod libenter illud emendaret si ipsi delictum ei 
f aotum infra eandem treugam scilioet de hominibus suis oaptis per dictum Ricardum 
Syward ut prediotum est emendassent. Quod quidem dicti ballivi comitatus 
emendare oonoesserunt et diem paiiiamenti super hoc ceperunt ad delictum 
ex utraque parte factum emendandum per oonsideraoionem xii. proborum et 
legalium virorum scilioet doinini Roberti Walerand . domiui Johannis de 
Regni . Thome de Nerebert^ . Roberti de Oantilup . Joel filii Willelmi . 
Thome de Mull' ex parte oomitis, Kenevewrek ab Wyon . Howel Vachan . et 
Jorvard ab Espus . Resi Cote . Willelmi Clerici . Resi ab Alaytho . ex 
parte Howel et dominus Willelmus de Wamone vicecomes et dominus 
Ricardus Sywar!» et alii pro comite affidaverunt ad standum ad consideracionem 
dictorum xii. virorum. Et diotus Howel pro se et complioibus suis idera affidavit 
unde ad diem parliamenti soilicet ad molendinum Segod predioti xii. vii-i con- 



551 



sideraverunt quod dictus E.. Syward dictos hoinines dicti Howeli reddere debet 
et diotus HowEL dictuin T. de Hodenach et arma sua et catalla dsliberare et 
reddere debet . quam cousideracionem vicecomes concessit pro comite quod dictus 
HowrEL ex parte sua idem concessit. Set dictus Ricardus Syward illud con- 
tradixit dicendo quod diotos homines reddere noluit nec deliberare et quod nihil 
habuit agendi de treugis comitis et quod nihil habuit agendum de treugis 
oomitis, et quod nullatenus treugam illam voluit tenere. Unde per hoc 
inoipit guerram talem in qua idem Ricardus Syward sicut felonus et 
felonioe et seductus fuit consentientibus dicto Howelo et hominibus suis 
inimiois comitis et treugam habuit cum domino Howel infra mortalem 
guerram comitis. Et hoc sine assensu et consilio oomitis vel ballivorum 
suorum quod patuit nam dictus comes nec gamisones castrorum suorum soUicet de 
KiDis et de aliis castris suis nullam poterant ire equitacionem ; set dintum Howel 
quin diotus Ricardus Syward qui de consilio eomitis fuit siout seduotor et felonus 
et felonioe per se et por homines suos premunire feoisset dictum Howkl 
et homines suos coutra fidem et pacem comitis et homagium quod ei 
feoerat et hoo felonice fecit et procuravit ad [exjheredacionem comitis et ad 
damnum et hurtagium ipsius et hominum suorum et terrarum suarum ad valen- 
ciam mille librarum sterliugorum et amplius sive morte proborum virorum ut de 
domino Herberto filio Matheli et de multis aliis sive oombustione terrarum 
suarum. Et si predictus Ricardus talis esset quod hanc felonicam seduocionem 
defendere vellet Stephanus Baucen* miles et homo oomitis paratus est per corpus 
suum sicut audiens et videns ad disracionandum versus dictum Ricardum Syward 
sicut versus felonem et seduotorem per omue quod comes consideraret quod faoere 
debent. Et si forte contingeret quod diotus Stephanus Baucen hoc faoere non 
posset per oorpus domini Thome de Bello vel per alium suffioientem versus 
dictimi RiCARDUM Syward comes illud probaret. Et de hoe invenit plegios 
ad prosequendum soiHoet Walterum de Sullia Q-ilbertum de Umfravill et 
Johannem de Regni. 



552 



Et RiCARDUs venit et respondit et defendit totam feloniam et totran factum 
ut predietum est et posuit iu judicio comitatus si deteat de predictis respondere 
versus dictum Stephanum Baucen siout non est de comitatu nec par suus. 

Et diotus comes Q-louc' dicit quod idem Stephanus Baucen homo suus est et 
miles de familia sua et posuit se super judicium comitatus si debeat ei respondere 
vel non et comitatus adjudicat quod idem Ricardus Syward dicto Stephano 
Baucen debet respoudere. 

Interim venit Willelmus de Cantilup' et alii milites cum eo petentes 
respectum super lioo de dicto comite usque ad proximum comitatum sequentem 
ita scilicet quod loquela esset in eodem statu in quo eodem die fuit si interim 
per se vel per amicos suos non posset facere pacem de hoc exegit comes plegios. 
Et RiCARDUS Syward non potuit invenire plegios et quia non potuit plegios 
invenire diotus Ricardus Syward tradidit domino comiti castrum suum de 
Talevan et totam terram suam de Gtl amorgan cum peitinentibus in plegiimi et 
in obsidem veniendi ad proximum oomitatum ad respondendum super predictifi 
articulis et multis aliis super quibus dietus comes vellet loqui versus ipsum. 

CoMiTATus DE Glamorgan apitd Stalur' die Dominica proxima ante 

FESTUM BEATi Anno eodem. Ibidem venit Ricardus de Clare comes 

Gr. et H. et Stephanus Baucon et Thomas de Bello-Campo in pleno comitatu 
profert se versus dominum Ricardum Syward et exegerunt recordum et 
judicium de appellacione facta versus Ricardum Syward. Dictus Ricardus 
Syward fuit ter vocatus non venit neo apparuit, recordo facto, datus est dies 
dicto comiti et dicto Stephano Baucen et dicto Thomas de Bello-Campo ad 
proxiraum oomitatum et positus fuit dictus R. Syward in piima demanda 
secundum legem et consuetudinem patiie. Et terra sua capta luit in manus 
comitis per consideraoionem eomitatus et quod idem R. Syward niohilominus sit 
vocatus et demaudatus ; dictus Ricardus de Clare comes Gloucestrie facit 
TuouAU de SuLLY attornatum suum ad prosequendam appellacionem suum 
versus diotum Ricardum Syward et ita potuit facere seoundum oonsuetudinem 
patrie. 



553 



COMITATUS DE GlAMORGAN APCD STALUR' DIE LUNE PROXIMA ANTE FESTUM 

Nativitatis B. M. Anno Eodem. Thomas de Sully attornatus comitis et 
S. Baucen et Thomas de Bello-Campo comparuerunt [et] proferunt se versus 
dictxun Eicardum Syward et petierunt recordum et judicium de appellacione 
prius faota super dictum E,. S. de felonia et seductione per dictum Stephanum 
Bawcen et dictum Thomam de B. — C. Predictus E.. Syward fuit ter vocatus 
sicut ille qui appellatus fuit de felonia et seduetione comitis et non venit et quod 
non venit fuit primum recordum in pleno comitatu et dies datur dictis Thome 
de SuLLY attomato comitis et S. Baucen et Thome de B. — C. ad proximum 
comitatum sequentem et quia Ricardus Syward non venit positus fuit in tertia 
demanda secundum leges et consuetudines patrie. 

Comitatus de G-lamorgan. Apud Sanctum Nicholaum die lune proxima 

POST FESTUM SlMONIS ET JUDE ANNO E.. R. 30. [30 Oct. 1245.] 

Thomas de SuLLY attornatus comitis et Stephanus Bawcen et T. de 
Bello-Campo comparuerunt [et] proferunt se versus dictum R. Syward et 
petierunt recordum et judioium jam quarto de appellacione saper eundem 
R. Syward facta de felonia et seduceione comitis dictus R. Sy^ward fuit 
ter vocatus sicut ille qui appellatus fuit de felonia et seductione eomitis et non 
venit primo comitatu nec secundo nec tertio nec quarto nec aliquis qui ipsum 
manucaperet imde recordum de oomite in comitatu factum adjudicavit comitatus 
dictum R. Syward esse wayviatum de comitatu et vocatum Wolvesheved et fuit 
in quarta demanda wayviatus et hoc secundum consuetudinem et usagium patrie 
de GrLAMORGAN. Et ad predictum diem quo miKtes venerunt et testificabant 
[recordum venit] predictus Ricardus [et] obtulit se versus predictum R. de Clare 
comitem Q-louc' et ipse non venit etc. Unde precatus fuit vice[comes de Gla- 
morgan] distringere eum etc. ita quod haberet corpus ejus etc. auditurus reeordum 
et judicium supra predictis. Et idem dies datur predicto Ricardo Syward 
ad quem diem venerunt partes et coram eis lectum fuit predictum recordum 
et quesitum fuit de reeordum tale fuit et si voluerunt habere predictum 

3d 



554 



recordum pro bono vel aliquid dicere contra recordum illud etc. Et R. Stward 
venit et dicit quod recordum illud in parte bonum est et ia parte falsum eo quod 
predicta curia omisit dioere pro se bonimi suum et dixit suum pejus unde petit 
quod per justiciam et per consuetudinem regni possit predictum recordum emen- 
dari in hiis in quibus rebus predicta euria oblita fuit dicere suvmi melius. Et 
dicit quod quando predictus comes eiun appellavit de predicta felonia et 
seductione quod per eum fieri debuit, quod absit, sicut predictum est, diotus 
RiCARDUs preter ea que contenta sunt in dicto recordo respondit quod desicut idem 
comes qui eum appellavit de felonia et ipsemet presens f uit sanus de corpore suo 
et de membris suis et sine mahemio et talis etatis quod ipse potuit per corpus 
suum hoc probare et illud optulit probare per alium vel per alios non videbatur ei 
quod debeat ad talem appellacionem respondere unde petit judicium. Item desicut 
idem comes appellavit eum de felonia predicta ubi periculum faciet vite et mem- 
brorum si inde eonvictus esset et cum felonia illa adjunxit damna catallorum et 
Ulam feloniam ad precium mille librarum apposuit unde per unam et eandem 
appellacionem vitam et membra sua petiit et pecuniam predictam similiter que 
simul stare non possunt ad aliquem appellandiun petiit judicivmi si debeat huic 
appellationi respondere. Item desicut idem comes appellavit in curia propria et 
ipse de curia illa fuit dominus et quasi rex et justiciarius et ipsemet in eadem curia 
inculpavit de pace sua propria et de felonia ei facta in pace sua et non tetigit 
pacem domini Regis desiout ambo fuerunt homines sui et in terra doniini Regis qui 
justiciam tenere debuit et potuit de utroque et cujus vita et membra erant et nidlius 
alterius petiit judicium si debuit ei tali appellationi ibidem respondere. Item desicut 
idem comes appellavit eum de seductione eidem oomiti facta et de pace sua et 
ipse comes nec aliquis alius in regno possit tale appelliun habere nisi corpus 
Regis petiit judicium si debuit tali appello respondere. Item desicut idem 
comes appellavit eum de predictis felonia et traditione que ei fieri deberent et de 
consilio suo discooperto et de consensu faeto inimicis suis et hoo paratus fuit 
probare per predictos Stephanum et Thomam nec ipse dicebatiu: in appello suo 



555 



nec ipse de auditu et visu nec quando nec quo die nec qua hora nec ubi nec per 
quem nec de quibus rebus consilium illud discooperuisse debuit nec consensiun 
illum fecisse non videbatur ei quod debuit tali appello respondere. Unde in 
predietis quinque articulis quos in responsione sua in ciuia predicta proposuit ut 
melius suum et quod melius dicta curia oblita fuit ad recordandum dictus 
RiCARDUs emendat recordum illud. Et quod ita sit per unum audientem et 
unum intelKgentem scilicet E.OGERrM de Sancto Philiberto et Mauricium le 
Gray paratus est verificare quos presentes sunt et statim simul cum predicto 
E.ICARD0 super sacrosancta hoc juraverunt et dicit quod ubi predicta curia 
recordatui- quod dictus Ricardus Syward predicto comiti manerium suum de 
Lanblithan et omnes terras suas et castrum suum ibi male recordatui* quia 
predictus R. Syward nihil tradidit eidem comiti nisi solum corpus castri sui 
salvis eidem Eicardo omnibus aliis sicut patet in scripto sigillo ipsius comitis 
signato quod profert et quod hoc testatur. 

Item predictus R. Syward dicit quod contra predictum recordum et judicium 
et quod dicta curia injuste processit ad faciendum tale judieiimi secimdum 
recordimi predictum et quod in eadem curia falsum factum est ei judicium quia 
tam predictus comes personaliter appellavit eum de predicta felonia et hoe 
paratus fuit probare per predictos S. et Thomam et idem comes primo secutus 
fuit appellum suum in propria persona et postea secutus fuit idem appellum per 
attomatum suum ad secundum tertium et quartum comitatum sicut euria 
predicta recordatur et quod per sectam predicti attomati exigerunt predictum 
R. Syward imde petit judiciimi et quod sibi allocetur modus predicte secte. 
Item cum dominus Eex demandasset eidem comiti quod predictus Eicardus 
pacem haberet de omnibus contentionibus in curia ispius comitis motis usque in 
crastino animarum [3 Nov.] eo quod idem Eicardus Siward fuit in servicio suo 
apud Gannock. 

[' Eesiduum deest in hoc recordo.'] 

(1) Richard Syward, Lord of the Ca<itle of Talavan, married Ela, Coiintess of Warwick, as his second 
wife, before 1234. He was Custos of Glamorgan and Swansea, and seems to have taken sei-vice with 



556 



Alexander of Scotland. Hia wife was a widow in 125ej. She afterwards married Philip Bassett, of 
Hedington. Syward waa acoused of rebellion before the Comitatus 1245, and was then Lord of the Ca«tle 
of Talavan, his prosecutor being Earl Hichard de Clare, the OTerlord. Syward was then serving with the 
Royal Army at Gannock, in North Wales. In 1281, John Giffard, then custos, was in charge of Syward'« 
manor of Llanblethian, and his Castle of Talavan and Llanharry, aud had to account for receipt of 
£55 4s. 3d., less expenses of £23 12s. l|d. 

Also in 1523 — 15311, Richani Sywavd, lord of the Castle and lordship of Talavan, and seized of the 
manor of Merthyr Mawr, held by the service ot one fee, paying also 7s. lld. yearly wardsilver to Cardiff 
Castle. Merthyr Mawr and this oharge were inherited f rom Daniel, son of Riohard, with a charge of a 
soor sparhawke, payable yearly to the heirs of Richard at the Castle of Talavaii. The heir of Daniel waa 
Thomas Stradling, who accordingly paid 7s. lld. wardsilver to Cardiff, and the sparhawke to Talavan. But 
thc ofiicer of Talavan also claimed 7s. lld. for Talavan, against which he petitioned. 

When before the Comitatus, Richard Sywanl appealed to the King, probably the first attempt to 
extend the ' regis jurisdictio ' into Glamorgan : and re^ented as suoh by de Clare. 

In 1306-7 is mentioned 'Taleuant Castra extonta,' and in 1317 the Cx^tle and Manor of Tal.avan .and 
Llanhary are in the partition assigned to Hugh le Despenser and Alianora de Clare his ^vife, and valued at 
£12i) ISs. lOd., and in the statute, 27 Henry VII., 1536-6, Tallavan is one of the twenty cantreds 
comprising the new shire of Glamorgan. In the 26 Henry VIII., the manor is coupled with those of Llan- 
blethian, Ruthin, and Tir Suard, and these were together valued at £10. 

Of the Castle, which stood on high giouud, Xorth-east of Cowbridge, theie remains part of an arcU, 
probably pointed, the base of a waJl, slightly battering, and probably part of a square tower, said to have 
been taken down 15u years ago. A very light eartU-bauk probably cover the foundations of the enceinte 
wall, the surrounding lands of about 153 acre-^ are still known as 'The Park.' The position is a strong 
one, and oommands an extensive view over the valley of the Upper Thaw. 

(2) 'Excerpta e Rot. Fin. I., p. 458, 1246.' — Waleran Teutouicus is iu charge of William, Earl 
MarshaFs lauds for the Kiug. He answers, among others, for £25 19d. for lands in Karleon and 
Morgan. Waleran was evidfintly officer for Nether Went, ' p. 455.' ' pp. 270, 305, 1234-6.' — The King orders 
oertain lands to be takeu iuto his hand on the death of a tenant in the honour of the Earl of Gloucostcr, 
in 00. Surrey. 

Waleran, in the 12th Century, was a cousiderable nanie in the Western Counties. Walter Waleran, 
besides holdiug from 20 to 30 fees in Wilts [1100-1195], held a fee of the Abbot of Glastonbury, which 
descended to Walter his sou ; he also held a fee of the Bishop of Salisbury in Wilts, and 12 other fees in 
the same county [L. Nig. I., 37, 103.] Walter, whoae mother was Cecilia, married Isabella, and his 
daughter Sybil, about 1200, was known to have granted land at Marshfield, in the fee of Gloucester, to 
Pagan de Tiirberville. His son Walter held the Glastonburj' fee in 1166. 

Llandaff [Cotton Charter, XI., 24.] Walter, son of Herbert Waleran, also occurs. It appears from 
DCCLXVin., 00 years later, tliat when, by the death of Bishop Helias, the See of Llandaff became vacant, 
Edward l. committed the custody of the tempor.alities to Walerau Teutonicus, who was probably a son or 
grandson of the first named. 

(3) This iiame, confined, it is believed, to one family, may be conneoted withNarberthin Pembrokeshire, 
auciently oalled Nerber. Tlius a kiug'9 writ to Rees ap Qriffith iu 1340 mentions ' terra et doniinium de 
Nerber;' aud ' Nerberd,' co. Pemhroke, occurs iii an inquisition of the 2 Edward II. [N. Fasd., IfL 
Pt. I, p. 07 ; /.]). M., I., 101.] The Welsh pedigrees also reoord the marriage of Andrew, son of Roger 
Ncrbert, temjK Hcnry IL, with Rlizabeth, daughter of Giles de Carew of co. Pembroke. 

In 1 lOli, William dc Nerber held four knights' feos of William Earl of Glouoester, and latcr evidence 
shews that these fees were at Aberthaw in Olaniorgan. 



557 



The Nerbeisi had lands in Devon, as was not uncommon with Glamorgan feudatories. 8 Richard I. 
[1197], William Nerbert was petetis, and William de Poniard, of Lidiard, tenens, in a fine relating to a fee 

inAkinton: 'Et prohocfine, etc.,W.de Poniard concessit Willelmo Nerbert et heredibua 

suia de se et heredibns .suis viij. ferling terre acilicet ij ferling in . . . weton et ij. ferUng in Gielgnolle, et ij. 
ferling in Hameletorre, et ij. ferling in Stapeldon et in La Ferse et molendinum cum via in Aiinton cum 

hamello quod est inter Bethnm molendinum et vetiis cuuellum Et preterea . . . W. de 

Poniard . . . dedit predicto Willelmo de Nerbert x. marcas argenti pro homagio et relevio suo quod 
ipse fecit Willelmo de Nerbert.' 

AIso in 11 of John [1210], in the same county, Philip de Nerbert is («nenj against William Paiiiel 
petens, concerniug a kuighfs fee in Bery Pomeroy. [Fines, 8 K. I., p. 40, and 11 John, p. 68.] 

Thomas de Nerber, in 1249, witnesses to a fine by the sons of Morgan ap Cadwalathan ; and in the same 
year Thomas and Henry de Nerber are on the court held in the assize between the Abbot of Neath and 
Lleisan ap Morgau. Ahout this time ' Willelmus de Nerber debet X. marcas pro festinando recto de feodo 
unius miUtis de feodo Willelmi filii Johannis ; ' and a year later, 'sed de his [marcis] debent v. marce 
requiri de Godfrido de Dinrea [A.],' against whom he pleaded. It has been suggested that William Fitz 
Johu was William, son of John de Harptree. Were the Nerberts Harptree tenants in Somerset V 

An Estent in the Record Office shews Philip de Nerber, about 1262, as upon a jury at Cardiff. He held 
a quarter of a knighf s fee in Llancarvan. This Philip and Maurioe, his brother, witnessed, in \2hl, a 
Charter by Ph. de Cornele : Coruele was amanor near to Margam. In 1289 a Philip de Nerber, possibly the 
same, witnessed an agreement between Gilbert de Clare and the Abbot of Neath. [Francis"s Seatli, p. 34.] 
At the inquisition upon Gilbert de Clare, 24 Edward I. [1295-fi], No. 107, Richard de Nerber was a juror, 
and was probably the same who, by the inquisition on the death of Countess Joanna, in 1307, held a 
messuage and four carucates of land at St. Tathan's, valued at 263. 8d. per annnm, and a tenement in 
Penllyne valued at 3s. 4d. ; the latter, no doubt, as cnstos of John le Norreys, a minor. [Escaet., 85 
Edwardl., p. 47.] 

Philip de Nerber succeeded, and had four knights' fees in St. Tathan's at the inquisition on the last 
Earl Gilbert in 131o ; when, however, Philip was dead, and the fees divided, Castleton, a part of those 
fees, remained iu the name. Richard de Nerber was upon this same inquest. 

The Spencer Sv,rmy of 1820, names Richard lord of half a fee in Llancovian manor ; and Richard, pro- 
bably the same, lord of half a fee in St. Tathan's ; the latter being certainly Castleton. This Richard 
witnessed, loth May, 10 Edward U. [1317], a Charter by Sir William de BerkeroUes concemiug messuages 
in St. Tathan"s, Joelstone, and Llanfey. 

In 1322 another Philip Nerber was a serriens, performing military service due from John de la Mare 
[Writs, I., p. 1216] ; and in 1327 Philip de Nerber was on a jury to inquire into the rights of Gilbert 
Turberville [Escaet., 1 Edward III., 2nd No. 97] ; and in 1333 he sat on a jury to decide upon a claim by 
the Abbot of Margam. Philip aleo witnessed a Charter, 28tu July, 1335, by David, rector of Coity, confirm- 
ing to Eoger, son of Sir W. de BerkeroIIes, and to Katherine, his wife, the manor of Merthyr MawT. 

John de Nerber, at the iuquisition upon Hugh le Despenser in 1349, held half a fee in Llancovian and 
half a fee in St. Tathan's, each valned at 60s. per annum. John died Ist May inthis same year [1349], 
seized of the manor of Oastleton and advowson of St. Tathan's, held by knight's service at £4 3s. 9d. per 
annum, leaving his son and heir, William, then aged two years and eight days. On 22nd June, 1350, his 
wardship was sold to Guy de Brien for £100 per annum [Escaet., 24 Edward III., Ist No. 6 ; and Abb. Rig. 
Rot. II., 210B.]. In 1350, William Nerbert was on the inquisition upon Thomas Joil [Joel of Joelston 
or Gileston] ; and upon that of Christian Fleming in 1360 [Escaet., 24 Edward II., Ist No. 5; and 34 
Edward L, A. No. 11]. This was 1349-50. 

William Neverber, or Nerber, of Castleton, married Ann, daughter of William de Wintonia [Wilkins], 
and had Jenkin Nerber, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Lems Raglan, and had Thomas and Ann. 



558 



Thomas Nerber, temp, Henry V., married Gladys, daughter of Beea ap Jenkin o£ Glyn Nedd, and had 
Thomas, and a daughter who married John Hir. 

Thomas Nerber, living 7 Henry VI., married Gladys, daughter and heiress of WiUiam Thomas. They 
had John, and Catherine who mari-ied David Powell. In this same year, Ist April, 1-129, Thomas witnessed 
a donation by Sir Edward Stradlyng to Cardiual Beaufort and other feoifee-s of the raanor of Lanfey in 
Glamorgan. 

A Fonmon deed records Eobert Nerber, who had a grant of Llancoviau manor f rom Thomas Lyddyn 
and William ap Llewelyn ; no doubt trustees, to whom he had previously conveyed it. The settlemeut 
was on Robert for life, with remainder to Lewis Mathewe, Esq., and Elizabeth, his wife, and their heirs and 
asaigns. Date, 14o2, 30-1, Henry VI. 

John Nerber, of Castleton, married Catherine, daughter of Sir Roger Vaughau, uf co. Breckuock, and 
had Agnes Nerber, heiress of Castleton, who married, Ist, Thomas John of Brigau ; and 2nd, Morgan 
Thomas. Agnes died childless aud a widow, 20th Sept., 1668. Her iuquisition, subjoined, shows that she 
held no lands ' in capite ' or direct f rom the Crown. Castleton was held of the Lord of Glamorgan. 

The Hanor House of Castletou stands upon the brow of a steep hill which rises about a hundred feet above 
two flat marshy valleys which here unite. The main or southern valley is traversed by a substantial bank 
intended to peu back the waters iuto a pool f or the working of a mill, the ruins of which remain at the 
northern end of the bank. The northern valley is a mere combe. The two, uniiiug. join the Taweabouta 
quarter of a mile lower down, close to East Orchard Manor Houae. The house has the aspect of a very 
substantial farmhouse of the reign o£ Elizabeth or James, having ou each front the ordinary three-light 
Tudor window of the district ; each light with a round head, and the whole imder a flat dripstone vnth 
square returns. On entering the buildiug it will be seen that the greater part of it is of the sixteentU 
century ; the old doors and thick walls, aud some other details, remaining untouched. The hall, of Tudor 
date, 19 a low, long room having oak beams in the ceiling with panel-work of embossed plaster, the pattern 
being a fleur-de-lis. It lies north and south, and at its north end are the old doorwaj's which led into the 
kitchen and offices. The east end and wall of the house are evidently the remains of a far older building 
than the rest. probably of the original castle of the first Norman lord. The wall is exceedingly thick, and 
contains a small chamber in its substance. In this wall is the carved lintel of an old fireplace, rudely 
executed, but appareutly of early perpendicular work. Among the ornaments is ' a hart lodged,' a tiger 
or lion couchant, a fleur-de-Iia, and some curious frets or knots, all in stone. The greater age of this 
easteru wall is confirmed by an examinatiou from the outside. The building has evidently formed the 
south and part of the east side of a quadrangular court of considerable size, the gatehouse into 
which is built up in a barn on the north front. There are there two arches — one on a high drop-arch of 
about 12 feet opeuing, with a plain chamfer ; and on the oast side of this a smaller portal, of i> feet opening, 
for foot passengers. These evidently are the remains of a late Edwardian gatehouse. 

It would then appear thal here stood originally a late Normau or Early English castle ; that it waa added 
to, or altered, in late Edwardian times, and a spacio,us courtyard euclosed ; and that, rinally, the defensive 
parts were removed in the Tudor period, and the remainder converted into a farmhouse. 

(4) It is difficult, in Sir Stephen Bawceu, to recognise Stephen de Baiocis, lord of that barony in the 
county of Liucoln, and a baron of the realm. His name is corrupted into many forms. Among them ara 
Bause, Baucen, Bawson, Bazan, Bayhus, Buzun, Baiocas, Bays, and Bayens or Bayensis, all indicating his 
origiu from the Norman city of Bayeux. 

The pedigree opens mth Kanulph de Bayenx, a great Lincolnshire baron in the time of Henry I., and a 
benefactor to Newhus Abbey. He married Margaret, daughter of Alan de Lincoln, and had Hugh, Alan, 
and others. 

Hugh, the second baron, held ' per barouiam ' the barony de Baiocis, containing fourteen and a half 
knights' fees, the distribution of which appears in hia return to Henry U., recorded in the Liber Niger. 



559 



He appears also in the various scutage lists in the reign of Henry II. and Richard I. He died about 
8 Richard L [119C], leaving Alienor, his widow, and two sons, John and Stephen. Alienor paid one 
hnndred marks to marry as she pleased. 

John succeeded as third baron, and wa^ probably of age, 2 Henry IH. 3 Henry m., the King respited 
the payment of his reliefs on succeeding. From hence to 9 Henry HI., though twice charged with 
homicide, he was a justice itinerant. At the latter date, 1226, he was Constable of Plympton Castle 
in Devon ; and nest year is a charge for his mesgenger sent to the King. 18 Henry III. [1234] he is 
entered on the Fine RoII as "Baro." John died 33 Henry HI. [1248], when his next heir waa his brother 
Stephen, then above sixty years old. His lands ' in capite ' were in Lincoln, Dorset, and Northampton. 

Stephen, fouith aud la.st baron, was an active and snccessful soldier, and, probably as a younger son, 
pushed his fortime in South Wales. He did homage as his brother'3 heir. On his succession, 33 Henry 
IH. [1249], when the King, in whose tavour he stood, remitted his reliefs for the counties of Lincoln and 
Dorset, he gave security for £100. 38 Henry III. he had the King's part of Kempston, Beds., and a part 
of Brixham in Devon. The earliest mention of Stephen in Wales is probably in the Rot. de Prestitis of 
12 John [29th Angn.«t, 1210], wbence it appear.= that he was freed of two marks by the King, then at 
Uargam. He must have been just of age. That he was Vicecomes of Glamorgan appears from the 
Charter given above, and from one by Owen and others, sons ot Alaythur, to Margam, of which he is a 
witness. [Harl. Ohart. 75 C. 25.] He was not then a knight. Meyrick says that Sir Stephen Bawson 
had a grant of Brigan, in Llansannor, from Richard Earl of Gloucester, and built a house there. He 
certainly held one and a half knights' fees in Hemingstrasse, co. Pembroke. T. Wykes calls him ' vir 
magne probitatis ' ; and the Oxney Chronicle, ' mUes strenuissimus ' ; and both, with the AnnaU 
of Margam, relate his death in 1257. In that year, before St. Peter's Day, he took a 
share in an expeditiou of some magnitude, despatched by Henry III. to repel the Welsh, 
who had laid waste the Earl of GIonce3ter's lands, aud probably those of Sir Stephen. The 
advance seems to have been mismanaged, and Sir Stephen and many other English were slain. This was 
probably in Carmarthenshire ; but an effigy in Llansannor Chiirch, the parish chnrch of Brigan, is said to 
represent his person and cover his remains. Agnes, his widow, had in 1257 [41 Henry IH.] a lease tor six 
years, from the King, oi the vill aud hundred of Wotton, co. Oxon. 

After Stephen'3 death two ladies appear upon the scene ; but whetherthey were his children, or those of 
his brother John, has been donbted. Dngdale and most ot the records give them to John. On the RoUs 
of Parliament they are attributed to Stepheu. It appears from a docnment printed in 1871 in the Joumal 
of the Archseological Institute [p. 312], that they were really the children of John ; but it was nottill the 
f ailure of the male line that they became heirs of the barony. Of the two, Matilda was the elder ; Joan the 
younger ; but both were under age when Stephen died. The Welsh estates, being a male fief, escheated to 
the Lord of Glamorgan ; but Agnes, the widow, had a third in dower. 

The King granted the wardship of the nieces to Elias de Rabayne, who married the eldest danghter, and 
took the other abroad. where she married Baudret, an alien. Rabayne seems to have attempted to acqnire 
the whole property, on the plea of the alienage of Baudret, who, however, surrendered his ivife's half to 
the King, who seems already to have seized it in 1258. The result was a succession of lawsuits. Rabayne 
died, leaving children apparently ; John, who had lands in Thoreswey, 9 Edward I. ; Joan, to whom, on 
her marriage with Robert de Brakenbury, was given Kelleston, a part of the barony, which came to their 
6on Robert ; and apparently a third child, Matilda. Elias de Rabayne died before 1290, and his widow 
married Peter Mallory, a Justice of the Common Pleas under Edward I. and Edward n. ; but a Peter de 
Rabayne, probably an nncle, was guardian of the infants, and died about 1 Edward III. 

Joan left a son, Peter Baudret, a Poitevin, who claimed his mother's moiety from the crown without 
auccess. The other moiety was finally, 12 Edward 11., confirnied to Peter de Rabayne either as trustee or 
as heir. 



560 



Bees Meyrick gives a different accovmt from the above of the relationa of Sir Stephen, whom he calls 
Bawaon alias Bassing. He says he had issue, Thomas, whose daughter and heir, Elizabeth, married 
Sir Simon or Sir Adam Walsh, of Llandough, whose daughter and heir, Bettin, married Aarou ap 
Howell Vychan, and so on. If there be any truth in this 3tatement,Thomas must have been a natural son, 
holdiug Brigan by special grant from the lord. 

There is also an account of the family of Sir Stephen given by Prince in hi» Worthies of Devon, which 
differs materially from the above. He makes him son of Sir G-uy Bawcen of Yardbiry, co. Devon, and 
calls the elder brother Sir Richard of Norton-Bawceyn. He also makes Sir Stephen die childless, and say.9 
tbe lands passed to his brother's onJy daughter, who married Sir Richard Hiwish. No mention is made of 
any connection with Lincolnshire. The two accounts have not been reconciled. The Devon family bore 
for arms, azure, tvvo bars undy gtiles, a quarter sable. See DCXX. 



DXXXVI. 

GEANT BY WILLIAM FRONKELEYN OF LAND AT GOYLAKE 

TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Chartek, 75 B. 46.] 
Seiant presentes et futiiri quod ego Willelmus Fronkeleyn dedi . ooncessi . 
et h. p. c. m. e. Deo et ecclesie B. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. in puram et perpe- 
tuam elemosinam unam acram terre mee cum pertinenciis suis que jacet inter 
has divisas et se extendit in longum versus Goylake exparte australi . et ex 
parte boreali versus la Silue . et in latum jacet interram Hbnrici Vathan . 
ipsam vicinam habens ex parte occidentalo . ex parte vero orientali terram 
dietorum monachorum de Margan. Tenendam et habendam de me et 
heredibus meis sibi et successoribus suis Hbere . quiete . et pacifice in 
perpetuum sine omni exaceioue seculari et demauda . sicut ulla elemosina 
melius aut liberius teneri potest vel haberi. Et ego predictus Willelmus 
et heredes mei warantizabimus dittam acram terre cum pertinenciis dictis 
monachis et eorum successoribus oontra oranes mortales inperpetuum. Et ut hee 
mea donaoio firma poimaneat . stabilis . et inconcussa . presenti scripto sigiUum 



561 



meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Thoma Gramus . Philippo de Oorneli . 

Mauricio Gramus . Thoma Russel . Waltero Herebert . et aliis. 
Seal, dark green wax, |in. diam. Device — A rosette of eight petals. 
Legend — ' sigill ' . will'i . de . bonevile.' 
Endorsed — ' Carta Willelmi Frankeleyn de una acra terre.' 

The seal here and iu a preceding deed DTIII., bears the name of William de Bonevile, though a third 
deed shevvs ns Frankeleyn had a seal of his own. It may be that the grantor William Frankelejni was 
also called William de Bonevile. Upon the third deed is the following endorsement — ' Notandum quod 
cirographum inter nos et Willelmum Album de Kenefeg connectitm- cirographo supra dictorum 
Keuenoht . et f.ictum fuit .anno Domini MOCXLVUI. videlicet de J. acra.' 



DXXXVTI. 

YERDICT OF A JURY CONCERNING THE CASE BETWEEN 
THE ABBEY OF NEATH AND LEYSAN AB MORGAN AS 
TO ENESGAUELI, THE CHANGE OF THE BED OF THE 
NEATH RIVER, Etc. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 42.] 10 maii 1249. 

Universis Christi fidelibus Ricardus Pincerna . Adam Walensis . Thomas 
de Nerebert . Willelmus Flandrensis . Rogerus de Regni . Robertus de 

CaNTELUPO . JOHEL filius WlLLELMI . WaLTERUS LuVEL . ElYAS BaSSETH . 

Henricus de Gtloucestria . Ricardus de Gatesden . Henricus de Nerebebt . 
Petbus filius Rogeri . David Croc . Cradoc ab Meuroc . Bver Vahan . 
HoEL Du . Philip ab Owen . Reis ab Meuroc . Hanarrod ab Cnaitho . 
HoEL Du de Landmodoch . Grifit ab Reis . Cr.idoc ab Madoc . Barth Coh . 
Jerevad ab Kedivor . Moricius de Ponte . salutem in Domino. Noverit 
universitas vestra quod uos in comitatu de Glamorgan die Lune proxima ante 
Ascensionem anuo regni Regis Henrici xxxiii''" jurati diximus de assisa 
arainata inter abbatem et conventem de Neth et Leysanum ab Morgan de 
terra de Enesgauelu reeognoscentes quod eadem terra consueverat teneri de 

3 v 



5ti2 



Cradoc ab JusTiN et de suis heredibus debet teneri de recto. Unde dicti abbas 
et conventus in miserieorJia. Item diximus quod aqua que vocatur Neth iu 
veteri suo cursu debet currere et quod ceperat novum cursum. Et inde dictus 
Leysanus recuperavit seisinam. Et est decenta ejusdem aque a Eedecamherl' 
descendendo quousque eedem aque postea concurrant simid. lu oujus rei testi- 
monium hmc presenti soripto sigilla nostra apposuimus. Valete. 

Endorsed — ' Inter Abbatera de Neht et Leysanum filium Morgani Cham de 
terra Bnesgauele . et mutatione aluej aque de Neht.' 

In ll"Ji; WilUam de Kayrdif iutormed ihe Sheriff aud Barous of the Comitatiis ot Cayrdif that he had 
given bail for Galfred ab Kueitho and his brother to the Abbot aud Convent of Glouoester to aecure them 
against loss iu the event of any forfeiture of the donation made to them. This is the earliest of the 
Comitatus, or as it is sometimes called ihe Parliamentum which formed a very importaut part of the Con- 
stitution of the lordship. It was a aupreme court, both civil. crimina), and of record, the highest 
tribunal of appeal ; iudepeudent of the royal courts, save iu cases of high treasou. It was composed of 
the lord's tenants 'incapite,' all more or less considerable landowuers. The president was the lord"» 
sheriff. There was a chancery and a great seal bearing the arms and effigy of the chief lord, and the 
usual place of meeting was in the shire hall then standing in the oiiter ward of the castle of Cardiff, where 
also stood the houaes for the lodgiug of the military tenants when discharging theu' duty of castle-ward. 
Among oiher ntficers of the Clomitatus were the chancellor, treasurer, coroner, and the escheator. The 
coroner was selected annually by the lord from those persons presented lo him by the courl, but it was a 
conditiou that he was a landuwner in Kibiir, aud at his appointment fwo.Kib\ir nieu. members of the court, 
were to be present. Also there were two bailiffs, and at a later period they were called bailiffs of the 
shire, one acting for the county east of Thaw, and one for the west of it. The first meetiug, oi whieh the 
date is recorded, was on Monday, the lOth May, 1249, to decide upon a question between the Abbot and 
Convent of Neatli and Leysan ab Morgan, arising out of the shifting of the bed of the river Nedd. The 
membera present were twenty-two, of whom fourteeu were Euglish, or rather Anglo-Normans, and seveii, 
or perhapa eight, were Welsh, showing that the nalive Welsh, even at that early period, were allowed 
a fair share in the managemeut of local matters. 

In 124?. see number DXXXV., the court appears to have met at Kscaleurs, «hewing thnt it could on 
occasion be ambulatory, a great coucessiou to the couvenience of the suitors and witnesses. The case 
too was trying to the independence of the court fov it lay between the Earl Richard de Clare the official 
President, and Richard Syw»rd,a very conslderable Baron. The proceedings shew the court to have been 
one of first instance, as well as of appeal and f or crimiual causes, as well iis for suits iii equity. The record 
pre^erved i» of its meeting as the ' Curia Comitatus,' at Oardiff, on Monday, lith September, 1328, to grant to 
Roger de Berkeroles, a license t<> Hlienate to Wladousa, daiighter of Hichard Syward, the younger, a tenemeut 
iu MerthyrMawr [DCCCCXXXVf.]. Auuthermeetingou record wa- that of Monday, 2."ith November, l.-!:!0, 
nnder Peter le Vele, sheriff, to hear a plea between the Abbot of Margam and John de Waledou 
[DCCCC.X.LIV.]. Also on Monday, .'bd August, liHI), uiider Symon de Raleye, sheriff, pipsent 1 1 members 
of Ihe Court of whoin four wcrc clcrlcs, to try thc Bedell of Tyriarth for having usnrped the officc of coroner. 
He was punished by imprisonment. The sentence of the Oonrt is aealed with 12 seals [DCC.VCVin.] 

On Monday, ■Ith.Iuuc, llill), under Kichard de Grendoiie, Sheriff, to heiir a letter read froiu the F.arl lo hn- 
Rheriff, and to Willi:im dc Evcrtou, Treasiirer of Cardiff, .as to the claim of the Abbot of Margam, to a 



563 



right of wreck npon ius foreshore [DCCCLXI.]. As the Sheriff wassometimes called Sheriff of CardifE, 
so the Treasurer wa-s no doubt an officer of the Comitatns. 

The family of Wallensis, or Le Walsh. whose name speaks their foreign origin, were early settlerg at 
Llandough by Cowbridge, where they built the castle, and lie bnried in the church. 

Adam Waleti^ test-i a Waleran Charter, in the collection of Major Francis, of about 1200; andHenricus 
Wallensis an Umfreville Charter of abont the same date [73 D. l.i]. A century later, iu 1302, ' Dominu» 
Johannes le Waleys, Knt.,' tests a Bonville Charter [75 B. 22]. In the Spenser .Siircey of 1320, Adam 
Welsh held one knig-ht^s tee iu Llandoch and St. Mary Church. 
According to the local genealogists the descent is as foUows : 

I. — ^Adam le Walsh, lord of Llandough, contemporary with John le Wales, 25 Edward I. He married 
Margaret, danghter and heir of Thomas Bosnaber, and had 1, Robert ; 2, Beatrice, married Aarou ap 
Howell vachan. 

II. — Robert le Walsh, living 20 Edward II., bore ermine a beud gules. Married Ann, daughter of Rotert 
tierman, and had — 1, Adam ; 2, Sybil, married John de St. Mary Church of co. Pembroke. 

III.— Adam le Walsh, lord of Llandough and St. Mary Chuvch, 1320. By writ dated Cardiff, 28th 
October, 132i>, Adam le Walsh was ordered to raise four hundred foot-soldiers for the defence of the town 
and castle of Cardiff. [Writs, 11., 453.] 

The next descents are wanting, but there was a Sir Simon Walsh, Knt., lord of Llandough, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Bawson, of Brigan ; a Robert Wahh, who witnessed a Kenfig Charter of 
20 Richard II. ; and another Robert, who lived 4 Henry V. and 1 Henry VI. The final representatives ot 
the name were two sisters, Gwenllian or Bettina and Elizabeth. 

Gwenllian Walsh, of Llaudough, part of whose sepulchral brass remains in that chnrch. She died (j 
Henry VI., 1427, having married Walter or Watkin Morton, lord of Goston and constable of Cardiff Castle, 
9 Heniy V. 

Elizabeth Walsh, of Llandough, St. Mary Church, and East Orchard, 7 Henry VI., final heiress, married 
John ab Anne or Van. Their son, Payne, Vicar of Marcross, seems to have sold Llandough and St. Mary 
Church to Sir William Thomas, 22 Henry VI. 

Robert le Walshe, of Llandough, Glam., and Langridge, co. Som. + ante 13G2. 
I 



Sir Robert W. + C. 1421. 

t 
Robert W. + 1427. 

1 



John StadIegh=Joan le W. Married 13ri2. 
of Stadlegh, Wilts. ' 



Walter Morton, Constable of Cardiff CastIe.=WenIIian. 



Walter S. 
s.p. 



Thomas S. 
s.p. 



John S. 
s.p. 



Robert S. 
s.p. 



I 
Thomas Cricklade,=AIice Stadlegh, 



N. 1369. 
M.P. 1413-22. 
-I- A. 1454. 



N. 1.368. 
Married 1390, 
Heiress of Robert 
Walshe. 



Robert Cricklade,= 
M.P. 1422. 



NichoIas=EIi2abeth, C. — WaIron.=Christian C. 



Sambome. 



N. 1395. 



HalI.=EIeanorO. 



/\ 



Co-heiresses of their Nephew. 



John, C. 1440.=146I=Kath. Hungerford.=Edward Irlande. 

Patron of Langridge + s.p. 1481. 

Church. -t- s.p. Calne 
20th March, 1481. 

In 1456 was a release of Langridge and St. Mary Chnrch to William Herbert by Alice Cricklade. 



564 



DXXXVIII. 

GRANT BY OWEN, SON OF ALAYTHUR, OF STONE-COAL, AND 
WORKS ON HIS LAND TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Chartek, 75 B. 4.] Circa 1249. 

Sciant presentes et fiituri quod ego Owenus Filius Alaythur consilio et con- 
sensu lieredum meorum necnon et aliorum amicorum meorum dedi et concessi Deo 
et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachia ibidem Deo servientibus totum 
carbonem lapideum totius terre mee et hominum meorum ubicunque inventus 
fuerit cum libero ingressu et egressu tam cum bigis et quadi-igis quam aliis 
vecturis prout eisdem commodius visum fuerit. Tenendimi et habendum de me 
et heredibus meis libere et quiete bene et pacifice sine omni calumpnia vel 
exaccione seu demanda. Pro hac autem donacione mea dederunt mihi predicti 
mouachi pre manibus dimidiam marcam. Reddendo annuatim raihi et heredibus 
meis in vigilia Natalis Domini dimidiiun eranoeum frumenti quamdiu dicto 
carbone predictis monachis uti placuerit. Quioquid vero dampni incurrerim vel 
perdiderun de terra arabili per fossionem dieti carbonis predicti monaehi mihi 
restituent per visum bonorum et legahum virorum. Hanc autem donacionem 
meam ego et heredes mei contra omnes mortales warentizabimus inperpetuum. 
In cujus rei testimonium huic presenti scripto dominus meus Leysanus una cum 
sigillo meo sigillum suum apposuit. Hiis testibus, Leysano filio Morgani . 
Morgano et Cradoco fratribus ejusdem . Enea et Mauricio clericis de Avene . 
Eeso et Cradoco filiis Alaythur . Jorverth ab Espul . Ivor Hyr . Luuarh 
ab David et multis aliis. 
Two seals, green wax. 

1. Pointed oval, a fleur-de-lis. 

' . . . . I.ESS . . . . n MORG . . . 

2. Round, a fleur-de-lis. 

' -I- s' . OWKIN . f' . ELAITHO.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Oweni filii Alaythur de Cai-bone lapideo terre sue.' 



565 



DXXXIX. 

FINAL CONCOED BEFORE THE COMITATUS OR COUNTT 
COURT OF GLAMORGAN, BT WHICH THE SONS OF 
MORGAN AB CADEWATHLAN RECOGNIZE THEIR 
FATHER'S GRANT OF COMMON OF PASTURE TO 
MARGAM ABBET. 

[Margam Charter.] 25 Jvne. 1249. 

Heo est finalis concordia facta in comitatu de Kardif die Lune . scilicet . in 
crastino decollationis beati Johannis Baptiste anno regni Regis Henrici . filii 
Johannis Regis . xxx°- iij°- coram domino Gtalfrido de Fanecurt . tunc 
vicecomite de Gtlommorgan . et dominis . Patricio de Chauortits . Gtilleberto 
de Turbervilla . Waltero de Sulya . Q-illeberto de Humframvilla . 
WiLLELMo de Regny . Ada Wallensi . RoBERTo de SuMERY . Willelmo de 
Barri militibus . Willelmo Flandensi . Thoma de Norebert . Rogero de 
Regny . Thoma de Hodeneth . et multis aliis in dicto comitatu existentibus . 
Inter abbatem et conventum de Margan . petentes . et Oavenum Creic et 
Morganum fratrem ejus deforciantes . de communa pasture de qua placitiun motum 
fuit . inter predictos abbatem et conventum . et predictos Owenum et Morganum 
per breve domini Ricardi de Clare . comitis Gloucestrie . et Hertfordie . 
de warantizatione carte in dicto comitatu . videlicet quod dicti Owein et 
Morganus recognoverunt pro se et heredibus suis . dictis abbati et conventui de 
Margan . totam communam pasture in terra ipsorum . sicut jus eorum in 
perpetuum . per omnia prout continetur in carta patris dictorum Oavein et 
Morgani quam monachi inde habent. Et ipsi dictam cartam patris sui contra 
omnes mortales dictis abbati et conventui in perpetuum warantizabunt. 

Entitled — ' Cyrographum filionim Morgani ab Cadewathlan de warantizatione 
carte priscorum . Comes habet tertiam partem istius cyrographi.' 

[See CCCCLXXXVI.] As early as 1208 the ' Pastur' Cadivathlani ' is mentioned in an arbitration between 
Margam and Neath as divided between them, and this was evideutly the donation confirmed to Margam by 



566 



Morgan ab Cadwathlan in 1220, and defined in a later Charter as common of pasture, and again in three 
other Charters in which he proniises protection, which is linally specilied to cover the grange of Eglis- 
keinwir and to be against the attacks of the men of Brecknock and Senghenydd, and the sons of Seisil ab 
Lowar. 

The sons of Morgan ab Cadwathlan, Owen Creich, and Morgan, confirmed theirfather's gifts of common 
of pasture, and are mentioned in au Extent of Glamorgan, amoug the ' noviter feofati ' as holding half a 
commou in Glin Rotheni (Glyn Khondda) by no service, but subject to the heriot of a horse and arms at 
death. Morgan wasevidently apoweramongthe Welsh in the hill-country, [COCCLXIII., CCOCLXIX.j 



DXL. 

AEBITEATION BY STEPHEN, ABBOT OF CLAIEVAUX, BETWEEN 

THE ABBEYS OF NEATH AND MARGAM, APPOINTING A 

DIVISION OF THE LAND CALLED ENESGAUELEU, BY 

MEDIATION OF THE ABBOTS OF BUILDWAS AND KINGS- 

WOOD, Etc. 

[Margam Charter.] 

MORROW OF SS. PeTER AND PaUL. 30 JlINE. 1249. 

Ommbus liec visuris . frater Stephanus dictus abbaa Clarevallis salutem in 
omnium Salvatore. 

Cum inter abbatem et conventura de Neth ex una parte . et abbatem et 
conventum de Margan ex altera . super quibusdam articulis questio verteretur . 
videlicet super quadam terra que dioitur Enesgaueleu quam sibi pars utraque 
diversis rationibus vendicabat. Item de eo . quod utraque pars oontra compo- 
sicionem inter ipsos dudum initam . metas in adquireudo excesseret prefinitas. 
Item de injuriis personalibus . verbis et factis ad invicem illatis. Item de eo quod 
pars utraque seculares sollicitavit . excitavit . et adjuvit . in suum ad invicem 
dispendium et gravamen. Tandem de omnibus prefatis querelis . sepedicte partes 
tanquam in arbitrium in nos amicabiliter de alto et basso compromiserunt. Nos 
autem Deo pre oculis habito ot bonorum communicato consilio de consensu etiam 
partium diffiniendo statuimus et ordinavimus in hunc raodum. 



567 



Scilicet quod dicta terra de Enesgaueleu per abbates de Bildewas . et de 
KiNGESWODE quantiimouiique melius et utilus fieri poterit . in duas medietates 
equales dividetur in loiigum. Medietas vero terre monachorum de Margan 
propinquior . una ciim aqua de Neth intercurrente ipsis jure perpetuo pacifice 
remanebit. Monaehi vero de Neth aliam medietatem sibi vicinam perpetuo jiu-e 
quiete possidebunt. Ita quod neutra pars in alterius partis medietate sibi com- 
munam vendicabit. Dieti vero abbates de Bildewas . et de Kingeswode tam 
certas et evideutes iu limitibus dicte divisionis per eos fatiende metas poni fatient . 
quod minquam exinde inter domos de Margam et Neth questio valeat exoriri. 
Item . quantum ad articulum seeundum statuimus . quod composieiones 
diligenter inspiciantur . et per dictum prefatorum de Bildewas . et Kingeswode 
abbatum emendetur . quod oontra ipsas composiciones fuerit attemptatum. Itein . 
quantum ad tertium . tahter difiinimus quod omnes raucores . u"e . et odia 
siqua fuerint . divini timoris . et fi-aterne caritatis intuitu . ab utraque parte ad 
invicem remittantur. Pene vero que pro suis excessibus et injuriis ad invicera 
illatis . monachis et conversis aliquibus utriusque domus . uominc jjenitentie 
infligentur . a memoratis de Bildewas et Kingeswode abbatibus eum pro^ddo 
discretionis moderamine taxabuntiu . et utraque pars tam in suscipiendo injunc- 
tam penitentiam . quam perficiendo . humiliter obediat . Item . quantum ad 
artieulum quartimi vohunus et statuimus quod neutra pars amodo seculares 
excitet . aut adjuvet in utriuslibet partis dispendium et gravamen . Et sciendum 
quod de eonsensu partium dictum fuit pronuuciatum arbitrium . Anno gratie . 
M°- cc"- XL* ix°- . in crastino beatorum apostolorum Petri et Pauli . et ab utraque 
parte gratanter receptum. In quorum omnium robur perpetuum et testimonium . 
tam no8 quam dicte partes presenti scripto sigilla nostra apposuimus . ad majorem 
etiam securitatem sepedicti de Bildewas et Kingeswode abbates judices a 
capitulo generah dati . de prefatis quereUs . Abbate de Duneceswille tertio 
coUega 6U0 . quantum ad dictam eausam se litteratorie excusante . nobis assistentes 
et prefate proniuioiatioui uonsencientes mia ciuu co-abbate nostro de Gardo qui 



568 



similiter j^resens affuit . sua sigilla appeuderunt iu testinionium perpetuum et 
eoufirmacionem. 

Six pointed oval seals, green was, imperfect. 

1. About l^in. by Igin. An Abbot standing on a corbel, with pastoral sta£E 
in the right hand, and book in the left. The Abbot of Olairvaux, in France. 

' TIS . CLAREVA ' 

2. An Abbot, as before. The Abbot of Buildwas. 

' BBAT . . . . DE ' 

3. An Abbot, as before. The Abbot of Kingswood, co. Wilts. 

' BBATI ' 

See Birch, CafciL qf Seals, No. 3,355. 

4. An Abbot, standing, slightly turned to the left, with staff and book. The 
Abbot of Le Gard, or Grardum, a Cistercian Abbey near Amiens. 

' . . . . SIGILL DO ' 

5. Wanting. The Abbot of Neath. 

6. l|in. by ^in. An Abbot, three-quarter length, with staff and book. The 
Abbot of Margam. 

'[ + ] SIGILLUM . ABBATIS . n[E . mJaRGAN.' 

Endorsed — ' Compositio inter domum de Neth et domum de Margam . tertia .' 

DXLI. 

INSPEXIMUS BY THE ABBOTS OF SAVIGNY, ST. ANDREWS, 
AND QUARR, OF THE PRECEDING DEED. 

[Mahgam Charter.] 

(Jmuibus preseus soriptum visuris . vel audituris . abbates de Savigneio . de 
Sancto Andrea . et de Quarrkria .SHlutem vite presentis et future. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos evidenter inspexisse . et seriatim legisse apud 
abbatiam de Neht Landavensis diocesis . scriptum quoddam . vonerabilium 



569 



patnim . de Claravali.e . de Gardo . de Bildevaus . de Kingeswode . et de 
Margan abbatum sigillis signatum in hec verba . Omnibus hec visuris frater 
Stephanus etc, as in the preceding document doum to coniirmacionem . Valete. 

In hujus igitur inspeccionis testimonium . ad petitionem abbatis . et conventus 
loci prenominati . scilicet . de Neht presenti scripto nostra sigilla apposuimus. 

Seals wanting. 

Endorsed in a late handwriting — ' Oomposicio inter Neth et Morgan.' 

DXLII. 

GRANT BY WILLIAM DE REGNY TO JOAN LA BOTILLERE 
OF THE MANOR OF BAGGEBERE. 

[Harl. Charter, 55 B. 42.] Circa 1250—1260. 

Notimi sit omnibus ad quos prsesens seriptum pervenerit quod Willelmus 
de Regny dedit concessit et hoc presenti scripto confirmavit Johanne la 
BoTiLLERE pro servicio suo totum manerium de Baggebere cum advocacione 
ecclesise predicti manerii homagiis fidelitatibus villanis eum eonmi sequelis et 
catallis redditibus serviciis sectis euriarum releviis auxiliis guardis maritagiis 
excaetis et omnimodis rebus et pertinenciis. Tenendum et habendum predicte 
Johanne et heredibus suis de carne sua legitime procurtis^ de predicto 
WiLLELMO et heredibus suis libere quiete integre bene et in pace inperpetuiun. 
In viis in semitis in pratis et pasturis in moris et mariscis in boscis in aquis 
iu piseariis in marleris et in omuibus Hbertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus. 
Reddendo inde annuatim dicto Willelmo quamdiu vixerit triginta Hbras 
sterlingorum ad duos anni terminos videlicet ad festimi Sancti Michaelis quin- 
decim Hbras et ad Paseha proxime sequens quindecim Hbras, et post deeessum 
dicti WiLLELMi heredibus suis annuatim imum denarium ad Paseha pro 
omnibus serviciis secularibus sectis curiarum quereHs auxiHis consuetudi- 
nibus et demandis salvis servicus capitaHbus dominis de eodeni feodo inde 

3 w 



570 



debitis et eonsuetis. Et si contingat quod predicta Johanna facta decesserit 
siue herede de earne sua legitime procurato- concessit vero dictus Willelmus 
quod predictum manerium cum pertinenciis suis ut predictimi est integre 
remaneat Johanne filie dicte Johanne et heredibus suis vel suis 
assignatis per predicta servicia inperpetutmi. Dictus vero Willelmus 
de Regny et heredes sui hanc donacionem concessionem et presentis scripti 
confirmationem dictis Johanne la Botillere vel Johanne filie sue et 
eorum heredibus et assignatis ut supradictum per prefata servieia conti"a omnes 
mortales warantizabunt defendent et aoquietabuut inperpetuum. In cujus 
rei testimonium predicti Willelmus de Regny et Johanna la Botillere 
presenti scripio ad modum (iyi-ographi eonfecto sigilla sua altematim appo- 
suerunt. Hiis testibus . domino Richardo de Wylecester . domino Warino 
de Raleghe . domino Johanne filio Galfridi . railitibus . Rigardo filio 
Bernardi . RoBERTo FicHET de Spaxton . Henrico de Fitinton . RoBERTO de 
Blakemore et multis aliis. 

Poiuted oval seal, green wax. Device : a standing cup. 

Legend — ' +s' iohanne . le . boteler.' 

(1) for procreatis. (2) for iM-ocre.ito. 

Johauna was probably the heir of Richard le Buteler, who died childleas before 1262. Bagbere is 
probably Bagborough, co. Somerset. 

DXLHI. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE ABBOT OF NETH AND 
WILLIAM DE BARRI. 

[Francis MSS.] Circa 1250. 

Hec est conventio facta inter abbatem et conventum de Neth ex ima parte et 
Willelmum de Barri militem de Glamorgan ex altera parte, videlioot quod 
idem Willelmus de Barri dedit et concessit pt inperpetuum quietum clamavit 
totum feodum suum de Villa Walteri in terra de Goher cum omnibus 
pertinenciis suis excepta advoracione ecolesie predicti feudi de Villa Walteri 



571 



quam sibi et heredibus suis retinuit dicto abbati et conventui de Neth pro 
sexagiata octo acris terre arabilis et virgata terre et dimidia virgata terre in f eudo 
de HoaNBLAUTON cum pratis et pascuis adjacentibus et omnibus libertatibus ad 
eas pertinentibus. Ita quod dictus abbas et conventus de Neth annuatim 
persolvent dicto Willblmo de Bakri et heredibus suis unam marcam argenti 
apud grangiam del' Hesse dimidiam scilicet marcam ad le Hockedai et dimidiam 
marcam ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omni servicio consuetudine et demanda 
ad ipsum vel ad heredes suos racione prediuti feudi de Villa Walteri pertinente. 
Et domiuo de Portheinon facient servieium feudi unius militis annuatim 
inperpetuum, excepto quod successores dicti Willelmi de homagio et relevio 
predicto domino de Portheinon respondebunt. Dictus vero Willelmus et 
heredes ejus vel assignati ejus redditus quos predictus abbas et conventus de 
Neth aunuatim reddere solebant pro dictis terris de Hornblautone annuatim 
solvent, scilicet Willelmo de Kene sex solidos pro vii-gata terre del Ok, 
et Johanni de Stane duos solidos pro dimidia virgata terre que fuit Petri filii 
sacerdotis, et Ricardo Poleyn duo paria chirotheearum salvo regali servicio 
quantum pertinet ad tantum terre. Insuper idem Willelmus et heredes ejus 
vel assignati illius habebunt tres solidos red[d]itu8 Ade de Katicote et homagium 
et servicium ad terram ipsius pertinens. Et facieut sectas Hundredorum quas 
predictus abbas et conventus facere debuerint. Et de placitis et querelis 
emergentibus respondebunt. Si vero calurupnia exheredacionis super predictis 
terris de Hornblaueton et de Villa Walteri aliquo tempore mota fuerit unde 
dicti WiLLELMus et heredes ejus sive asaignati ejus sive predictus abbas et 
conventus de Neth jaoturam terre inciuTant tam dietus Willelmus quam 
dictus abbas et conventus de Neth terras predictas cum pertineneiis suis iuper- 
petuum sibi invicem warantizare debent contra omnes homines et feminas 
secundum consuetudinem regni. Et ut hec convencio inpeqjetuum stabilis et 
inconcussa permaneat eandem dietus abbas de Neth et dictus Willelmus de 
Barri presentis scripti serie et sigillorum suorum impressione confirmaverunt. 



572 



Hiis testibus . Reymundo de Sulie . Willelmo de Reigni . Roberto de Sumeri . 
Thoma de Barri' . Henrico de Vilebs^ . David Escurlao . Roberto de la 
Mare . et Petro fratre ejus . Ricardo de Barri et aliis. 

[Sigillis duobus amissis.] 

fl) Barry waa a commou Norman namc, but does not seem to have taken root in Gower. Sir Thomas 
de Avan, a great-great-grandsou of lestyn. married a daughter of Sir Thomas de Barry. 

(2) Henry de Vilers gave to Neath lands in Talbont, which gift named in a Charter by Henry, Earl ot 
Warwick. is confirmed in Lord ilowhray s Charter of 1S3-1. [CoH. Top. and Gen., IV. 29.] 



DXLIV. 
ROBERT DE BONEVILLA AND AI.IZ, HIS WIFE, GRANT 
THE FEE OF BONEVILESTONE TO MARGAN ABBEY. 
[Harl. Charter, 75 B. l'J.] Circa 1250. 

Sciant presentes et futiu-i quod ego Robertus de Bonevilla consUio et assensu 
Aliz uxoris mee et aliorum amicorum meorum dedi et eonoessi et hac presenti 
cai-ta mea confimiavi pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et successorum meorum 
Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servien- 
tibus in perpetuam elemosuiam totum feodiun meum de Bonevilest' cum 
omnibus pertinenciis suis ; habendum et tenendum de me et heredibus meis, 
reddendo iude aunuatim michi et heredibus meis tres marcas sterlingorum ad 
nativitatom beati Johannis Baptiste pro omni servitio consuetudine et exactione 
secuiari excepto servicio dimidii militis imde predicti monachi respondebimt 
dominis de Wunfal de predicto feodo. Relevium vero de eadem terra quando- 
cunque evenerit faciet heres ille qui humagium faciet de dicta firma vel unde 
voluerit. Ita quod monachi super hoc uon vexabuntur. Hanc donationem feoi 
predictis mouachis ut habeant et teneant dictum feudum de me et heredibus meis 
libere et quiete et pacifice cum omnibus peiiinenciis sius iu bosco et plano in 
pratis et pasturis in aquis molondinis et piscariis et omnibus rebus et aisiamentis 
eicut ulla elemosina liberius et quietius haberi potest vel teueri, excepta diota 



573 



firma et dicto servicio. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predictis monachis 
dictam donationem contra omnes homines et omnes feminas in perpetumn. Hiis 
testibus . Petro Pincerna tunc vicecomite de Gtlamargan' . Reimundo de 
SuLLiA . Mauricio timc archidiacono Landavensi . Reso et Gtriffino fratribus 
ejus . magistro Eadulpho Mailoc: . Willelmo de Eeigni . Gaufrido de 

BONEVILLA . JOHANNE CrOFT . WaLTERO FlANDRENSE . DuNSTANO . Ot 

Waltero de Haverford monaehis de Margax' . Roberto de Landmeuthin' 
et Espus conversis de Margan' et multis aliis. 

Seal, green wax. An omamental seeded fleur-de-lis, between two quatre-foil 
flowers. 

' -\- SIGILLVM . ROBERTI . DE BONEVILLa.' 

This Charter by Bobert de Bonarilla, \vith the consent of Aliz, his ivife, gives to Margain his whole fee 
of Bonavilla at an anuual payment of three marks, and the service of half a Knighfs fee, for which they 
are to answer to the lord of Wenvoe. His heirs will be responsible for the reliefs when they occur. 

The witnesses are Peter Pincerna, Sheriff, probably a member of the Butler family who inherited 
Marcross ; Reymond de Sully ; Archdeacon Maurice, of Llandaff ; and Ees and William, his brothers ; 
Master Ralf Mailoc ; Wm. de Reigny ; Geoffry de Bouavilla ; Johu Crof t, who is not known ; Walter 
Fleming ; Dimstan aud Walter de Hereford, Monks of Margan ; Robert de Llanmeithen ; and Espua 
conversi de Margan. 

DXLV. 

WILLIAM DE LONDON GRANTS TO MARGAN ABBEY LAND 
BETWEEN THE WATERS OF OGMORE AND GAREWE. 

[DucHY OF Lanc. Register, No. 18, f. 136, Dorso.] 

Circa 1250. 

Omnibus sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Willelmus de Londoniis 
salutem. Sciatis me consilio et assensu matris mee et fratris mei Thome de 
Londoniis et aliorum amicorum meoriun concessisse et dedisse et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmasse Deo et eeclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis 
ibidem Deo servientibus pro salute mea et antecessommi et successorum meorum 
in perpetuam elemosinam quicquid continetur inter has duas aquas Uggemore et 
Garewe in bosco et plano ab eo loco ubi Garewe cadit in Uggemore quantum 



574 



terra mea diirat versus Rotheni, ut habeant et teneant eam ad feodi firmam red- 
dendo milii et heredibus meis annuatim tres marcas scilicet viginti solidos ad 
festum Saneti Michaelis et viginti solidos ad Pascham, pro omni servicio, con- 
suetudine, et exaccione. Et sciendum quod forestarius meus custodiatum nemoris 
habebit cum consilio abbatis de Maegan ita quod ego inde capiam quantum opus 
habuero ad proprios usus meos et hominum meorum ; et monachi inde capieut 
quantum opus habuerint ad usus proprios sine nemoris destruccioue. Et ego et 
heredes mei warautizabimus predictis monachis hanc elemosinam contra omnes 
homines in perpetuum. Testibus Thoma de Londonus . Petro Pincerna . 
Eadulpho de Cantelo . Waltero G-umdi . Oweno le Noreys . Pagano de 

TuRBERVILLA . GlLBERTO de TURBERVILLA . WlLLELMO dc CaNTELO . OsBERNO 

clerico . E.oberto clerico. 

A duplicate of this Charter is among the Margam MSS., with a seal in blaok 
wax, oval, l^in. by ^ in. 

Legend — ' sigil de londiniis.' 

The family of De Londres were early, perhaps original, settlere nnder Fitzhamon upon the lower Ogmore, 
where they held four tees and bnilt a castle, of which the square keep, in the late Norman style, Btill 
remains. The Butlers of Dunraven were their vassals ; and they seem already to have held large posses- 
sions in Carmarthenshii-e, where they acquu'ed or buih Kidwelly Castle and the lordship of Carnwylhion. 
Of this family, Maurice gave landa in Aisse, or Nash, to Neath before 9 John ; and about 1200 the 
church of Colwinston to the church and monks of St. Michael's of Ogmore [Ewenny Priory], which was 
founded, in 1141, as a cell to Gloucester, by Sir John de Londres [N. Mon., V., 58 ; L, 537 ; Cott. Cart XI., 
24]. William was brother to Richard, and tested a Charter to Neath by Henry, Earl of Warvvick [CoU. 
Top. et Gen., 29]. It is curious that the family are not included in the list of fees in 1262, but the name is 
of f requent occurrence both here and in Berks tUl Hawisia de Londres, heiress of the Welsh and Berks estatea, 
conveyed them by marriage lo the Chaworth or De Cadurcis family ; her son, Pagan de Chaworth, coining 
into possession on her death, 2 Edward I. Maud, the heiress of Chaworth and of tlie four fees, married 
Henry Earl of Lancaster, grandson of Henry UI. ; and her granddaughter, Blanehe, carried the Welsh estates 
to her husband, .Tohn of Oaunt. They have since merged in the Duchy of Lancaster, of which the old De 
Londres Castle of Ogmore, with a large upland estate, is still held. 

This is a Charter preserved by its inclusion in a letter patent. William de Londres' mother, whose name 
is not given, and his brother Thomas, were then alive. William de Londres gives what he hau between the 
Ogwr and the Garw, probably the hamlet of Ynisawdre, which is included by them at their junction. 
Rolheni no longer appears on the map, for which Margam is to pay thvee marks annually. The timber 
peems to have heen v.aluable. Peter Pincerna, who witnesses, is not at this time sheriff. Ralf aiid William 
de Cantelo are no doubt of Oantleston. Gumdi, is unknown. Owen le Noreys possibly of Pcnllyn : Pagan 
and Gilbert de Turbervill of Coyly. 



575 



DXLVI. 

CONFIEMATION BY EICHAED PINCEENA TO MAEGAM 
ABBEY OF EIGHTY ACEES, GIVEN BY HIS GEANDSIEE. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1250. 

Seiant p. et f. quod ego Etcardus Pincerna coneessi et presenti carta con- 
firmavi Deo et ecelesie Sancte Marie de Margan et moDaehis ibidem Deo 
servientibus . xx''- in.i'"' acras quas Philippijs de Marcros avus meus eis 
dedit in liberam puram et perpetuam elemosinam in feodo suo de Marcros . ita 
videlicet quod dicti monaehi habeant et teneant diotas xx''- iiu'"'- acras libere et 
quiete bene et in pace quietas ab omni servicio et seculari exactione in omnibus et 
per omnia sicut carta dieti Philippi quam inde habent testatur. Et sciendum 
quod ex xx"- iiu'"^- acris predictis x. acre jacent juxta divisam terre ecclesie Sancti 
DoNATi juxta mare . et sex acre jacent Juxta divisam dicte ecclesie Sancti 
DoNATi ex occidentali parte magne vie que vadit de Sancto Donato usque 
ad Marcros . et viu. acre jacent ex orientali parte ejusdem vie. Et ego et 
heredes mei dictas xx''- iiu"'' acras sicut puram liberam et perpetuam elemo- 
sinam dictis monachis contra omnes mortales waranti^abimus. TJt autem hec 
mea concessio et confirmaeio firma et stabilis in perpetuum perseveret presens 
scriptum sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carte Eioardi Pincerne de xx''- iiu°' acris apud Mareross.' 

Richard Pincerna appears in a Neatli Charter in 1249 [DXXXVII.]. He was grandson of Philip de 
Marcro3s, who dicd after 1230. William Pincema witnessed the foundation Charter of Neath, circa 1129. 
Peter Pincema was Sheriff circa 124!!. and Dominns Mauricius Piticerna had land in Sig-inston, near 
Marcross, from Hugh de Sigin. [LXTU., CCL,, DXLIV., DCXXIV.] 

Philip de Marcross, the earliest of the name on record, is mentioned by Giraldus as attending on 
Henry 11. about 1189. Mr. Traheme records an agreement between W. de Barri and John de la Mare, 
witnessed by this Philip in 1201, as is a Barry Charter to Neath before 1207 [7.5 B. .j b.j, and a Charter to 
Margam, granted byW.de Londres about 1210 [CLX,]. Philip also witnessed a fiual concord between 
Gilbert de Turberville and Margam about the same time. 

This Philip seems to have lived to see his son Philip of matuie age, since Philip senior aud junior 
witneas together the above composition between Margam and Helias, clerk of Newcastle. without date, but 
early in the thirteenth century, and one or the other gave lOa. rent for Neath and to Margam for a light to 
bnrn at the puiification of the Virgin Mary. Mr. Tniherne mentions a Walter de Marcros.s, who wituessed 
a grant by Thomas Lawilis, of uncertain date. 



576 



DXLVn. 

DECLARATION OF WILLIAM, BISHOP OF LLANDAFF, THAT 
HE HOLDS OF THE KING IN CAPITE ONLY. 

[CoTTON MSS. ViT. C.X. f. 177.] 

MiCH. Term. 34-35 Henry III. 1250. 

De termino Sancti Michaelis anno XXXIV. iNciPiENTE XXXV. Wallia . 

LaNDAF . AUSTURUS. 

WiLLELMUs episcopus Landavensis venit coram domiuo rege et eognovit et 
concessit quod ipse nihU. tenet de aliquo in episcopatu suo de Landaf nisi de 
domino Rege in capite. Et super hoc venit R. oomes Q-loucestrie et ofPert 
domino Regi unum austurium sorum pro sic quod inrotuletur, et recipitur. 

DXLVIII. 
GRANT BY BROTHER THOMAS DE PORTECHEWETH, ABBOT 
OF MARGAM, TO RICHARD, SON OF JAMES MEY, OF 
CARMARTHEN, OF A BURGAGE IN KIDWELLY, AT A 
YEARLY RENT OF FOUR SHILLINGS. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1250 — 1270. 

Sciant p. et f. q. ego frater Thomas de Portecheweth dictus abbas de 
Margan et ejusdem loci conventus dedimus concessimus et h. p. c. n. confir- 
mavimus Ricardo filio Jacobi Mey de Kermerdin et h. s. vel s. assignatis 
burgagium nostrum quod habemus in villa de Kedweli cum quodam curtillagio 
et prato ad dictum burgagium pertinentibus . teuendum et liabendum de nobis 
ipse et heredes sui vel sui assiguati 1. q. p. inperpetuum reddendo uobis 
inde aunuatim ipse et h. s. vel s. a. quatuor solidos sterlingorum in festo 
Sancti MiCHAELis pro omui servicio seculari . exaocione et demanda. Et uos 
predictum bui'gagiuiu cum predictis curtilugio et prato prodicto Ricardo et 



577 



heredibus suis vel suis assignatis eontra omnes homines warantizabimus. Nec 
licet predicto Eicardo et h. s. v. s. a. predictum burgagium cum predictis c. et p. 
conjimctim aut divisim totimi aut aliquam partem sine consilio et assensu predio- 
torum abbatis et conventus de Margan vendere distrahere aut alicui alienaret.^ 
Et ut hec nostra donaeio concessio et confinnacio rata stabilis et ineoncussa 
permaneat . nos presens scriptum sigilli nostri inpressione roboravimus. 

Hiis testibus et cet. 

Above the entry of this Charter is written : — ' Hauo ipse Jacobus habet . 
reddet iiij<"- sol. ad festum Michaelis.' 

(1) sic, MS. 

Portskewit, a village on the Severn, in Moumouth.shire, does not appear to have given a name perma- 
nently to any known family. Abbot Thomas probably came from thence, and so we may suppose did 
William Portechewet, who witnessed a notific;ition by Pagan de Turberville. without date. 



DXLIX. 

GRANT BY THOMAS, ABBOT OF MAEGAM, TO JOHN, SON OF 
WRONO THE PHTSICIAN, OF LAND AT BONEVILESTON, 
AT TWELVE PENCE YEARLY RENT. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Sciant p. et f. q. ego frater Thomas abbas domus de Margan et ejusdem loci 
conventus dedimus et concessimus et h. p. c. n. confii-mavimus Johanni filio 
Wrono medici duas acras et dimidiam terre arabilis in feodo de Bonevileston 
que jaceut in quadam valle juxta villam scilicet in parte occidentali. Quas 
quidem duas acras et dimidiam Willelmus Frankelen quondam tenuit de 
WiLLELMO le NoRREYS. Teneudas et habendas s. et h. s. d. n. inperpetuum 
libere quiete et pacifice ab omni servicio reddendo tamen inde annuatim domui 
de Margan duodecim denarios argenti ad duos terminos anni . videlicet ad 
festum Sancti Michaelis vj. denarios . et ad nunciacionem beate Marie yj. 
denarios. Faciet etiam sectam . et quicquid ad predictam terram pertinet in 

3 X 



578 



ouria Johannis le Nobres . reddendo ibidem unum quadrantem. Pro hac 
autem donacione et concessione et liujus carte nostre oonfirmacione dedit nobis 
predictus Johannes quatuor marcas argenti premanibus et unam acram terre 
arabilis . et nos eidem Johanni filio Wkono medici et heredibus suis predictam 
terram contra homines et feminas inperpetuum fideliter warentizabimus. In 
cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto sigiUum nostrum apposuimus. 

Hiis testibus . Domino Waltero de Sullia . Willelmo Flandrensi . 
Phillippo le Sor . Wrono Vachan de Pendeuuelin . Johanne Springel de 
Bonevilest' . Roberto de Anne . Thoma filio Ricardi et multis aliis. 

[See Nu, DCCCLV.] 

DL. 

GRANT BY GRIFIN, SON OF OANETHUR, OF LAND IN 

KENEFEC TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 34.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis G-rifinus filius Canethuri salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra me concessisse et dedisse atque hao presenti carta 
coufirmasse Deo et beate Marie et ecolesie de Margan monaohisque ibidem Deo 
servientibus pro salute anime mee et predeoessorum et successorum meorum sex 
acras terre arabilis in territorio de Kenefkc juxta illara terram proximas que 
vooatur terra Petevin . in puram et perpetuam elemosinam ut habeant et teueant 
eas in perpetuum libere et quiete . reddendo annuaiim Regi ix. denarios ad festum 
Sancti Michaelis pro omni servitio exactione et consuetudine seculari. Et 
sciendum quod hanc donationem conoesserunt Kenewrec avunculus meua et 
Madocus frater meus . ot illam se tirmiter observaturos . affidaverunt. Hiis 
testibus . Hknrico . Willelmo . Andrka monachis de Margan . Ricardo . 
Canethuro . Rooero . conversis de Maruan . Kenewrec avimoulo meo et 
Madoco fratre meo. 

Endorsed — 'Oarta Qrifini filii Kanothur . de vi. acras.' 



579 



DLI. 

ABJUEATION BY GKIFFIN AB WRONU, OF RIGHTS IN 
EMBEOH AND THB LANDS BETWEEN WESSAC AND 
FEUDUL, TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptura pervenerit Griffinits 
filius Wronu salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra me communi consilio et assensu amicorum meorum 
remississe et quitum clamasse et abjurasse et hac presenti carta confirmasse D. e. 
e. Sanote Marie de Margan et m. i. D. s. totum jus et clamium quod habui vel 
habere potui vel dicebam me habere in Embroh . et in terra que jacet inter 
Wessac et Frudul vel in aliquo alio teneraento ad dictam domum pertineute 
tam in marisco de Avena quam alibi. Ita ut dicti monachi habeant et teneant 
dictas terras cum omnibus pertinentiis suis Kbere et quiete bene et paoifice pro 
me et omnibus heredibus meis in perpetuum, sicut ulla elemosina liberius et 
quietius haberi potest vel teneri. Et ego et heredes mei dictam remissionem et 
quitum clamationem et presentem confirmationem dictis monachis warantizabimus 
contra omnes homines in perpetuum. Et sciendum quod ego affidavi et super 
sacrosancta ecolesie de Margan juravi quod ista omnia fideliter et sine dolo . et 
malo ingenio servabo. Ut autem premissa firmitatis robur obtineant iu perpetuum 
presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Eeso ab Alaithur . 
Crauoco ab Alaithur . Wronu Coh . Heilin Bren . Eetheric ab Euallan . 
YovAN ab IsTiN . EicARDo clerico de Kenefeg . Willelmo Scurlag . et 
multis aliis. 

Seal, dark green wax, IJin. diam. Device, a seeded fleur-de-lis, between two 
pellets. 

Legend, commencing at the base, and with some of the letters reversed and 
inverted — ' -{• sig[illu]m . grifini ab wrunu.' 

Endorsed — ' Abjuratio Grifini filii Wronou de terra de Hembroc:' 



580 



DLII. 

QUIT-OLAIM BY IVOR VACHAN AND HIS SONS OF TWELVE 
ACEES IN THE FEE OF KENFIG TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Maroam Charter.] 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens seriptum v. vel a. Iuor Vaghan . et 
filii ejus seilicet Madocus . Leulin . Waleved' . Gneythur . salutem. 

Noverit u. v. quod nos consilio et assensu amicorura nosti'orum pro salute 
animarura nostrarum et pro salute omnium antecessorum et successorum meorum 
abjuravimus et quitum claraavimus Deo et ecclesie Sancte M. de Margam et m. 
i. D. s. totum clamium nostrura et totum jus quod habebaraus de duodecim acris 
terre in feudo de Kenefeg . que jacent inter moram Sturmy . ex aquilonari 
parte . et Corneldune . ex i^arte australi . scilicet juxta vallem Mey . ex 
occidentali parte ejusdem vallis. Ita videlicet quod dicti monachi habeant et 
teneant dictam terram ciim pertinentiis suis libere et quiete . et paeifice . in 
perpetuam elemosiuam . solutam et quietam a nobis et ab omnibus heredibus 
nostris iu perpetuum. Hiis testibus . Mauricio clerico de Languned' . Reso 
fratre ejus . Jorvard' ab Espus . Jorvard' ab Gistelard' . Griffin' . Philippo . 
HoELo . filiis Cadugan . Willelmo de Duuelin . Waltero Bagklan . monachia . 
Riered'o. Espus . conversis de Margan . et multis aliis. 

Seal, dark grecn wax, IJin. diam. Device, a seeded fleur-de-lis. 

Legcnd — ' + sigill' yvor vachan et filior'.' 

Endorsed — ' Carte Ivor Vaghan ot filiorum ejus.' 



581 



DLm. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY GEIFFIN OE GEIFID LATIMER OF HIS 
LAND-EIGHTS IN KIDLICOLUM TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 29.] 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Griffinus 
Latimer etemam in domino salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra me eonsilio amicorum meorum abjurasse et quitum 
clamasse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse pro me et omnibus heredibus meis 
Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus . 
totum jus quod dieebam me habere in terra de Kidlicolum. Juravi eciam quod 
fidelis ero dicte domui omnibus diebus vite mee in omni loco . et bona domus 
custodiam et defendam pro omni posse meo ubicunque fuero. Et sciendum quod 
quando hoc juramentum feci dicte domui . monachi dederunt michi tantum unde 
potui michi emere tunicam et mantellum de burello . et lineos pannos . scilicet 
camisiam et braccas . non pro aliquo jure quod haberem in dicta clamatione mea . 
quia nuUum jus inde habui . set pro fideli servitio meo quod juravi quod facerem 
illis . cunctis diebus vite mee. Hiis testibus . How^elo ab Moreduth . "Wronu 
ab Knaithur . Howelo Vahhan . Enias Vahhan . Mauricio fratre ejus . 
Leulino ab Meuric . Heylin ab Ysac . Knaitho ab Wrgan . Johanne la 
Ware . et OsBERNO monachis . Espus et Johanne fabro conversis de Margan . 
et multis aliis. 

Eound seal, green wax, l^in. diam. A fleur-de-lis of ornamental design. 

' + SIGILl' . GRIFID . LATIMER'. 

Endorsed — ' Abjuratio Giiffini Latimer de terra de KidHeolum.' 

Of Griffiu Latimer it is onjy known that he vvas one of those impriaoned by Richard Syivard in 
violation of a truce, an act pleaded against Syward by Earl Richard in 1245. [DXXXV.] 



Bc[^ -- 


■ ^-, 


'-la^U 


-f 


■■■ ty. ccU 


'V- 



582 



DLIV. 

ABJURATION BY MADDOCH VAHHAN TO MAEGAM ABBEY 
OF THE MOOR OF TREIKIK. 

[Margam Chakter.] 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens soriptum visuris vel audituris Maddochus 
Vahhan filius Madoci ab Knaytho salutem in Domino. 

Noveritis universitas vestra quod ego consilio et consensu amicorum meorum 
abjuravi et quietum claraavi et hac presenti carta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie 
beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus totum jus et 
clamium quod ego vel antecessores mei habuimus vel nos habere dicebamus in 
mora de Treikik vel in aliis possessionibus dictonmi monachorum . ita ut dicti 
mouachi habeant et teneant dietam moram . et omnes alias terras et possessiones 
6uas libere et quiete et pacifice pro me et omnibus heredibus et omnibus succes- 
soribus meis qui eunt vel esse poterunt imperpetuum . sicut ulla elemosina vel 
ullum tenementum liberius haberi potest vel teneri. Et ego et heredes et 
successores mei dictis monachis dictam quietam clamationem warentizabimus 
oontra omnes mortales. Et sciendum quod ego atfidavi et super saorosancta 
ecclesie de Margan juravi quod omnia premissa fideliter et sine dolo et malo 
ingenio servabo in perpetuum. Et ut premissa firmitatis robur optineant 
imperpetuum . presens scriptum sigilli mei appositione roboravi. Hiis testibus . 
Wronhu capellano de Languneth . Mauricio et Reso clericis . Yorvard ab 
Espus . Yorvard ab Gistelard . Cradoco ab Aleythur . et multis aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Abjmutio Madooi Valigan de mora Treikik.' 



583 



DLV. 

GRANT BY ENEAWN AB WRUNO CHAM OF HIS FATHER'S 

LAND BETWEEN THE GARW AND THE OGMORE, TO 

MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Oharter.] 

Ommbus S. M. e. f. p. et f . Eneawn filius Wrijnu Cham salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 
Marie de Margan et monacliis ibidem Deo servientibus in elemosina totam 
terram que fuit Wrunu Cham patris mei inter Gtarwe et Vgkemore in bosco et 
plano cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus suis et aisiamentis . ad tenendum 
et possidendum libere et quiete et paciflce . sicut ulla elemosina liberius et 
quietius teneri potest. Et sciendum quod juravi super sanctuaria quod ego et 
heredes mei warentLzabimus istam predictam terram sicut elemosinam nostram 
predictis monachis contra omnes parentes nostros imperpetuum. Hiis testibus . 
Meuric filio Ythel . Roatlath filio Ythel . Cnaithur filio Wilim . 
Cnaithur filio Ythel . Johanne filio Justini . Roatlan filio Ythel filii 

WlNANWEL. 

Endorsed — ' Donatio Eneawn filii Wrunu Cham.' 



DLVI. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY ROBERT DE PENNARD OF LAND ON MOUNT- 
RALPH AND WEWORTHI TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sanote e. f. p. et futuris . Robertus de Pennard . salutem. Sciatis 
me c. et d. et p. oar. conf. D. et e. S. M. de Margan et M. i. D. servientibus . 
terram quam clamavi versus Willelmum filium Algeri . et uxorem ejus in 
MoNTE Radulphi . et in Weworthi . in elemosinam . ut habeant et teneant 



584 



eam libere et quiete ab omni servicio seeulari . eonsuetudine et exactione . sicut 
uUa elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus eis 
predictam terram . eontra omnes homines. Hiis testibus. 
Entitled — ' Carta Eoberti de Pennard.' 

This Uons Badulphi appears in the foUowing deed as Baulesdune. 

DLVII. 

GRANT BY WILLIAM, SON OF ALGAR AND MARGERY, HIS 
WIFE, OF RAULESDUNE AND FELLEWRTHI TO MAR- 

GAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Sancti matris ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Willelmus filius 
Algari et uxor ejus Margeria salutem. 

Sciatis nos concessisse dedisse et hac carta nostra confirmasse Deo et ecclesie 
beate Marie de Margan e. m. i. D. s. totam terram nostram que dieitur 
Raulesdune et totam ten-am nostram que dicitur Fellewrthi cum omnibus 
pertinenciis utriusque terre in puram et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et 
quitam ab omni seculari servicio consuetudine et exactione sicut ulla elemosina 
liberius teneri potest. Et nos et heredes nostri warantizabimus eis heo omuia 
contra omnes homines in perpetuum. Et hoc fecimus eis quando Galfridus 
filius noster reddidit .se religioni domus de Margan. H[iis testibus]. 
Entitled — ' Carta Willelmi tilii Algari et uxoris ejus Marge'.' 

DLVIII. 

GRANT BY JORDAN, SON OF ASCER, AND GENOUEVA, HIS 
WIFE, TO MARGAM ABBEY, OF LAND 1N RAULESDUNE. 

[Margam Charter.] 
Omnibus Saucfo e. f. a q. }>. e. porvonerit Joudanus filius A.scer et Genoubfa 
uxor ejus salutera. 



585 



Sciatis nos eoncessisse et d. et h. karta conf. D. et e. S. M. de M. et m. i. D. 
servientibus in purani et perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omni 
eervicio . consuetudine . et exactione seculari . sicut ulla elemosina liberius teneri 
potest . totam terram nostram super Raulesdune et totam terram nostram in 
Velleworthi . cum pertinentiis suis. Et nos et lieredes nostri predictis 
monachis predietam terram warantizabimus contra omnes homines in per- 
petuum . sicut liberam elemosinam nostram. ^Testibus . Johanne presbytero 
de Oastello . magistro Radulfo Mailoc . Herberto Turkil . Gocelino . 
RoBERTo filio Willelmi . Gaufrido de Wintonia . Willelmo Sturmi et 
multis aliis. 

Seal, red wax, |in. diam. Device, an antique classic profile head. 

Legend — ' + sigill' . iurdan . fil' . acere.' 

Endorsed — ' Jordan' fil' Ascer de terra sua super Raulesdune et Felleworthe.' 

(1 ) Testibus, etc, added from the original deed, alao in the Margam Oollection. 



DLIX. 

CONFIRMATION BY WRNU, SON OF PHILIP, AND HIS 
BROTHERS KENEWRECH AND WILLIAM, TO MARGAM 
ABBEY, OF THEIR FATHER'S GRANT. 

[Margam Charter.] 

[Universis matris ecclesie filiis] ad quos p. s. pervenerit Wrnu filius . 
Philippi . salutem. 

Notum facimus universitati vestre nos conces amicorum nostrorum 

et fratrum . Kenewrech . scilicet . et Willelmi . et presenti hac carta nostra 
confirmasse Deo et beate [Marie et abbati et mona]chis de Margan . totam 
terram quam pater meus . Philippus . dedit . iUis pro x. acris et aliquantulum 
amplius in puram et perpe[tuam elemosinam] sicut carta ipsius testatur . et per 

3y 



586 



easdem divisas . scilicet . inter viam que vadit inter terram meam . et terram . V. 
de [TuRBERViLLA . et fossjatum quod descendit . ab eadem via inter terram meam 
et terram . W. Scurlag' . usque ad metas in [signum positas] . in planitie 
ejusdem campi . vorsus orientem . et hinc usque ad bosculum recta linea . qui est 
in descen[8u versus aliam v]iam que vadit inter terram meam et terram . W. 

ScuRLAG. Et insuper addidi eisdem monachis in perpetuam elemosinam 

[a]cras. n. unam et dimidiam ad septentrionalem partem . earundem aorarum 

procedentes recta linea usque in div^sam terre mee et terre W. Scurlag' . 

et dimidia jacet juxta predictas acras illi datas prius a . . . patre meo . ad 
orientalem partem. Testibus. 

Entitled — ' Confirmatio Wmu filii Philippi de eodem et de ii. acris additis.' 



DLX. 

GRANT BY THE SONS OF CADUGAN TO MAEGAM ABBEY OF 
THEIR FATHEE,'S LAND BETWEEN WALDERESTON AND 
HOREGRAVE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

[Sciant omnes] presentos et futuri quod ego Griffinus . Philippus . et 
HoEL . filii Cadugan . consilio et consensu parentum et ami[corum nostrorum 
dedimus conce]s8imus et quitum olamuvimus Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de 
Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus in [puram et perpetujam elemo- 
sinam totam terram que fuit patris nostri Cadugan inter Walderkston et 
Hokegravk . ut habcant [et teneant dicti monachi diotam terram] oum omuibus 
aisiamentis et pertinentiis suis . liberam et quietam ab omni servitio et seculare 

exaotione [Ii]beriu8 et quietius teneri potest. Et nos et heredes nostri 

hanc donationem nostram oontra omnes homines predictis warantizabimus 

in perpetuum. Et sciendum quod nos super sanctuaria predicte domus omnes 



587 



terras que svuit . . . . s predictorum monachorum tam inter Avene et Kenefeg 
quam extra . abjuravimiis. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta filiorum Cadugan de terra inter Waltereston ad Horegrave.' 
With a marginal note — ' Quere inter cartas Sancti Michaelis.' 

Cadugan. 



I I I i I 

Wronu. G-riffin. Meuric. Phuip. Howel. 



DLXI. 

GRANT BY WRUNU, SUN OF CADUGAN, TO MARGAM ABBEY, 
OF LAND BETWEEN WALDERESTON AND HOREGRAVE. 

[Marg.\m Charter.] 

Universis Sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Wrunu filius Cadugan 
salutem. 

Sciatis quod ego consilio et consensu parentum et amiconrm meorum concessi 
et dedi et hac carta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie de Margan . et 
monachis qui ibidem Deo serviunt totam terram meam inter Walderestonam et 
HoREGRAVAM cum omnibus pertinenoiis suis in bosco et plano et in oranibus 
aliis aisiamentis suis in perpetuam elemosinam . ut habeant et teneant eam 
liberam et quietam ab omni seculari servicio et consuetudine et exaotione . sicut 
ulla elemosina liberius . haberi et teneri potest. Et hanc donacionem warantiza- 
bimus eis ego et heredes mei contra omnes homines. Et ut hec donacio firma 
maneat . imperpetuum . sigillo meo eam munivi . et super sanctuaria juravimuB 
ego et Meuricus frater meus . et pater meus Cadugan . et Canan avuncxilus 
noster et filii sui . et filii Luarch avunculi nostri. His testibus . domino 
WiLLELMO de Braus . Waltero de Sul[ia] timc vicecomite de Glammorgan . 
Helia decano de Novo Oastro . Johanne Brun constabulario de Kenefeg . 
Stephano clerico . Osmero Cuuian. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Wrunu filii Cadugan de tota terra sua inter Walderestonam 
et Horegravam.' 



588 



DLXII. 

GRANT AS THE PEECEDING, BY MEURIC, SON OF 

CADUGAN. 
^ [Margam Charter.] 

Universis Sancte ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris Meuric filius Cadugan 
salutem. 

Sciatis quod ego consUio et consensu parentum et amicorum meorum eoncessi 
et dedi et liac carta confirmavi Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marik de Margan et 
monaehis qui ibidem Deo serviunt totam terram meam inter Walderestonam et 
HoREGRAVAM . cum omnibus pertinenciis suis in bosco et plano et in omnibus 
aliis aisiamentis suis in perpetuam elemosinam . ut habeant et teneant eam 
liberam et quietam ab omni seculari servicio et consuetudine et exactione . sicut 
ulla elemosiua haberi et teneri potest. Et hanc donacionem warantizabimus eis 
ego et heredes mei contra omnes homines. Et ut hec donatio firma maneat 
imperpetuum sigillo meo eam munivi et super sanctuaria jiiravimus ego et 
Wrunu frater meus . et pater noster Cadugan . et Canan avunculus noster . et 
fllii sui et filii Luarch avunculi nostri. His testibus . doraino Willelmo de 
Braus . Waltero de Sulia tunc vicecomite de Q-lamgrgan . Helia decano de 
Novo castro . JoHANNE Brun constabulario de Kenefeg . Stephano clerico 

OSMERO CUUIAN. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Meuric filii Cadugan de tota terra sua inter Walderestonam 
et Horegravam.' 

DLXIII. 

ABJUIIATION BY CKADOC, SON OF RICHARD, AND HIS SONS, 

TO MARGAM ABBEY, OF CLAIMS IN EGLISKEYNWUR. 

[Margam Charter.] 
Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Cradogus 
filius RicARDi salutem. 



589 



Noverit universitas vestra quod ego consilio et consensu filiorum meorum 
scUicet . Wrony . Lewelini . Ketheri . Howbli . Griffini . Lewelini . et 
aliorum amicorum meorum quitum clamavi et abjuravi Deo et o. B. M. de Margan 
et m. i. D. s. totum clamium meum et totum jus quod dicebam me habere in terra 
de Egliskeynur in bosoo et plano cum omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis et 
pertinentiis suis . ut habeant et teneant dicti monachi dietam terram libere quiete 
et pacifice pro me et omnibus heredibus meis et suocessoribus meis . sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius et quietius haberi potest vel teneri in perpetuum . sicut carta 
mea et fratrum meorum quam inde prius habuerunt . testatur. Et quia illi carte 
sigillum meum appositum non fuit . ideo hanc singularem cartam feci diotis 
monachis sigillo meo confirmatam. Et soiendum quod quando feei hanc cartam 
dictis monaehis . ipsi dederint michi unam vaccam nomine karitatis et unicuique 
filiorum mebrum duos solidos. Et nos omnes scilicet ego et omnes predicti filii 
mei jui-avimus super sacrosancta eeclesie de Margan . quod hanc qiutam 
clamationem fideliter et sine dolo tenebimus et contra omnes homines warantiza- 
bimus in perpetuum. Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Abjuratio Oradoci filii Eicardi de terra de Egliskeinwir.' 

Richard. 

Cradoc. 
I 



Wrony. Lewelin. Ketheri Howel. Griffin. Lewelin. 

DLXIV. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN MAEGAM ABBEY AND KAERLION 
CONCERNING LAND BETWEEN THE TAF AND DUFLEIS. 

[Margam Charter.] 

CoMPOSITIO INTER DOMUM DE MaRGAN ET DOMUM DE KaIRLEON. 

In nomini patris et filii et spiritus sancti Amen. Convenit inter domum de 
Margan et domum de Kairleon super terris et pasturis inter Taf et Dufleis 



690 



piopiuquiorem . quod doinus de Margan adquiret sibi in proprietatem vel ad 
fiimam quicquid sibi adquirere poterit de Francis et Anglis . domus de Kair- 
LEON nicbil nisi commimem pasturam et pratum et terram Duc de feudo Dogefbl 
et burgagia infra villam quotcunque eis data fuerint. Item domus de Kairleon 
adquiret sibi in proprietatem vel ad firmam quicquid sibi adquirere poterit de 
Wallensibus . domus de Margan nicbil nisi communem pasturam et boscum 
infra predictos terminos. 

Teste Luca raonaeho et Eichero monacho de Margan . Tsaac . Knaithero 
monachis de Kairleon . Jordano . Ernaldo conversis de Margan . Rollano . 
Randulfo . Wa.stelio . Kadrodo conversis de Karleon. 

Tbe Uuileis or Dubleis is thought by some not to be tlie Dowlais, a tributary of the Ely, near Llantrissant. 
but a brook of that name which flows into the river Rhymney, near Cardiff. Dogefel is probably the 
manor of Roath Dogfield, which however lies east of CardifE, and between the Taff and the Rhymney. 
The distinction between acqui.sit.ions froui the French aud the Englisl», that is tlie iuvadera, and the Welsh 
is remarltalde. 

A similar agreement was arrived at between the same Houses a« regarded the land hetween the Ncdd 
and the Taph. Rotlieni Mawr iu tliat agreement is evidently the greater Rhondda, Hyrwenunworgan the 
well known common of Hirwaun Wrgan, and Magna Pola. the gi-eat pool tlierc, all of which lie about the 
head waters of branches of the Taff and the Nedd. 

For the Agreemeut dated 1203 see CCLXXXIV., see also DLXXX. 

DLXV. 

GRANT BY THE SONS OF KEDIC AND MADOC SON OF MEURIC 
OF LAND IN THE FEE OF AVAN TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

TJniversis Christi fidelibus p. s. v. vel a. rHiLippus . Madoc . Ythenerd 
filii Kedic . et Madocus filius Meuric . salutem in Domino. 

Noverit univorsitas vestra nos spontanea vohmtate . et consensu unanimi 
dedisse concessisse et hac presenti oarta nostra eonfirmasse Deo et ecclosie b. M. 
de Margan et m. i. D. s. in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam totum illud 
pratum cum marisco quod jacet inter Waldam Anglorum ex oocidentali parte 
in feodo de Avenk . et pratum Wronu Gogh ex oriontali. Habens pullaiu ab 



591 



aquilonari parte transfluentem terram dictorum monaehorum . ab australi vero 
concluditur terra arabili de Meles . Necnon et totum illud pratum quod fuit 
Clevyn in eodem feodo quod jacet inter pratum filiorum Alaytho ab occidentali 
parte . et waldam predictorum monachorum ab orientali . ab australi vero terram 
arabilem de Meles. Et ab aquilonari parte fossa terminatur aquaria eoruudem 
monachorum media quidem existente inter terram arabilem et dietum pratum. 
Que quidem prata cum dieto marisco patres nostri Kedic scilicet et Meuric 
frater ejus dictis monachis dederunt et carta sua confirmaverunt . solvendo inde 
nobis et heredibus nostris annuatira quadraginta denarios ad Pascha quos dicti 
monachi dictis Kedic et Meuric reddere consueverunt pro omni servicio . oonsue- 
tudine . et seculari exactione. Hane auteni donationem nostram et confirmationem 
tam nos quam heredes nostri dictis monachis contra omnes homines waran- 
tizabimus in perpetuum. In cujus rei testimonium huic scripto sigilla nostra 
apposuimus. Hiis testibus . Madoc ab Griffud . Lowarc ab David . Oweno . 
Reso . et Madoc filiis Alaytho . Meuric Q-ogh . Wronu ab Ythel et 
multis aliis. 

Four seals, in dark green wax, all pointed ovals, Igin. by fin. 

1. A rude fleur-de-lis. 

Legend — ' + s' . philippi . ab . khedihk.' 

2. A bent bow, with an arrow upon the string pointing to the proper right. 

' + S1GILL'm . MADOC . AB KEDIC' 

3. An elegantly-designed flower. 

' + s' I D . AB . KEDtc' 

4. A sort of lily. 

Legend — ' + s' . madoc . ab . meur.' 

Endorsed — ' Oarta filiorum Kedic . et Meuric . de pratis in marisoo de Avene ' ; 
added — ' oum ejusdem fiimbus.' 



C 



592 



DLXVI. 

GEANT BY PHILIP DE COENELT OF IRON AND LEAD MINES 
ON THE WEST OF THE EOAD FEOM NEW-TOWN TO 
COENELY TO MAEGAM ABBET. 

[M.4RGAM ChARTER.] 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris et audituris . Philippus 
filius WiLLELMi de CoRNELY salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod ego eonsilio et consensu Amabilie usoris mee . 
et heredum meorum dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
monachis de Margan totam mineram ferream et plumbeam in terra mea que 
jacet in orientali parte magne vie que vadit de Nova Villa usque ad viUam 
Walteri Lovel que vocatur Cornely. Et si contigerit quod niinera illa 
prediota in diota terra defeoerit concedo prediotis monachis ut per totum feodum 
meum dictam mineram sine aliqua contradictione quandocunque eis placuerit 
requirant et inventam habeant . Ooncedo etiam dictis monaohis liberum ingressum 
et egressum cum bigis et quadrigis ad eandeni. Ita sane quod nullus alius de- 
cetero per me seu per heredes meos ad mineram fodiendam in toto feodo meo sine 
predictornm raonachorum consensu . consilio . et bona voluntate admittetur . 
reddendo inde mihi et heredibus meis annuatim unum par cyrotheoaruni vel 
unimi denarium ad Pascha pro omni servitio . oonsuetudine . et demanda . et hoo 
quamdiu dictam mineram querunt et liabere volunt. Et ego et heredes 
mei dictara donationem dictis monachis fideHter et siue dolo contra omnes 
homines et feminas warantizare tenemur et warantizabimus imperi^etuum. Pro 
hac autem donatione et concessiono mea xx"- solidos sterlingorum dicti monaohi 
dederunt mihi quando eis hanc meam feci cai'tam. Et ut heo meo donatio et 
concessio in posterum firmitatis robur optineat presenti meo soripto sigillum meum 
apposui. Hiis tostibus. 

Eutitled — ' Carta Philippi de Cornely do minera ferrea que est in ten-a sua.' 



593 



DLXVII. 

CONFIRMATION BY GRUNU, SON OF PHILIP, OF HIS 

FATHER'S GRANT OF LAND TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Chartek, 75 C. 46.] 

Omnibus Sancte ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptiun pervenerit Gruni' filius 
Philippi salutem. 

Notum facimus universitati vestre nos concessisse consilio et consensu amicorum 
nostrorum et fratrum Kenewrec . scilicet . et Willelmi . et presenti hac k^rta 
nostra confirmasse Deo et beate Marie et monachis de Maegan totam terram 
quam pater meus Philippus dedit illis pro x. acris et aliquantulum amplius in 
puram et perpetuam et liberam elemosinam per omnia sicut karta ipsius testatur . 
et per easdem divisas . scilicet inter viam que vadit inter terram meam et terram 
Pagani de Turberville . et fossatum quod descendit ab eadem via inter ten-am 
meam et terram Willelmi Scurlagg' . usque ad metas in signum positas in 
planicie ejusdem campi versus orientem • et hinc usque ad bosculum recta 
linea qui est in descensu versus aliam viam que vadit inter terram meam et 
terram Willelmi Scurl.agg' . et iusuper addidi eisdem monachis in perpetuam 
elemosinam liberam et quietara acras duas . tmam et dimidiam ad septentrio- 
nalem jiartem earundem acrarum pertendentes recta linea usque in fossam que 
est juxta divisam terre mee . et terre Willelmi Scurlagg' . et dimidia jaeet 
juxta predictas aeras illis datas prius a patre meo ad orientalem partem. 
Testibus Helia clerico . Kenewrec et Willelmo fratribus meis . Willelmo 
cellerario de Margan . Gtodefrido monachu . Waltero magistro de Lantgewi . 
fratre Ricardo . fratre Petro conversis de Margan . et aliis pluribus. 

Pointed oval seal, red wax, 2^in. by IJin. A dexter hand and vested arm, 
issuing from the right, grasping a lauce flag ; between two stars in the chief part 
and two slipped trefoils in the base. 

' + sigill' grunu filii philippi.' 

Endorsed — ' Confirmatio Qximu filii Philippi de x. acras quas pater ejus dedit 
nobis . et donatio ipsius de acris duobus.' 

Philip= 



i I I 

Grunu. Kenewrec. William. 



3z 



594 



DLXVIII. 

GRANT BY MEURIGH AB WliONU CHOT OR CHOC OF LAND 
IN AVEN MARSH TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 D. 21.] 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Meurich ab Wroni; Chot ex consensu et 
assensu uxoris mee et aliorum amicorum meorum pro salute anime mee et ante- 
cessorum et suecessorum meorum c. et h. p. carta m. c. D. et e. B. M. d. Margan 
e. m. i. D. s. in perpetuam elemosinam totum pratum meum in marisco de Avene 
quod jacet inter pratum Alaytho . et pratum Kedich . ut habeant et teneant de 
me et heredibus meis vel assignatis imperpetuum libere . ot quiete . et in pace . 
sicut uUa elemosina potest liberius teneri et haberi. Reddendo michi et heredibus 
meis vel assignatis ad festum Sanoti Michaelis annuatim sexdecim denarios 
pro omni servicio . accione . et demanda. Et ego et heredes mei vel assignati 
warantizabimus predictum pratum dictis monachis contra omnes mortales imper- 
petuum. Et ut liec mea concessio et confirmaeio imperpetuum stabilis . et rata . et 
inconcussa pennaneat . presenti scripto sigillum meum aj^posui . Hiis testibus . 
Philippo ab Morgan . Cradoco ab Madoc . Melrich ab Wilin . Reso ab 
Roger . Lewarh ab Daxjid . Philifpo Heyward . et multis aliis. 

Roimd seal, red wax, Ijin. diam., a rosette of eight leaves, seeded. 
' -f- SIGILl' . MEURICri . Gonii ^^ ' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Meurish Choc de prato in Marisco de Avene.' 

DLXIX. 

DECLARATION BY RES AB GRIFFIN AB IVOR THAT HE HAS 

TAKEN MARGAM ABBEY UNDER HIS PROTECTION. 

[Margam Ciiarter.] 

Sciant omnes p. et f. qwod ogo Resijs filius Griffin . ab Yvor . susoepi in 

custodiam ot protectionem meam domum de Margan . et omnes res ot posses- 



595 



siones ejusdem dornus custodiendas et defendendas sieut res meas proprias et 
non sustinebo quod aliquis hominum meorum vel aliorum qui in terra mea 
manere . vel ad eam redditum habere voluerit prediote domui molestiam faciat 
injuriam vel gravamen. ^Et si contigerit aliquas res ejusdem domus . vel predam 
in terram meam devenii-e . ego compellam ipsos malefactores omnes res suas 
restituere . sicut voluerint pacem meam habere. Et si conligerit aliquem 
hominem meorum habere querelam erga prefatam domura . non permittam ei 
propter hoe fieri aliquam violentiam . aut gravamen . set ipsa querela coram me . 
justo judicio terminabitur . Et ego juravi et affidavi me fideliter et absque dolo 
hec omnia servaturum prefate domui in perpetuum . Hiis testibus. 
Entitled— ' Carta Eesi filii Griffini.' 

DLXX. 

GEANT BY EUATHLAN AND ENNIAUN, SONS OF EOBEET 
SON OF ENNIAUN, OF ALL THE LAND OF EOSSAULIN 
TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Carta Euathlan et Enniaun filiorum Eoberti filii Enniaun 

de rossaulin. 

Omnibus s. ec. f. p. et f. Euathlan et Enniaun filii Eoberti filii Enniaun 
salutem. 

Sciatis nos concessisse et dedisse et hae carta confirmasse D. et ec. S. M. de 
Margan . et m. qui i. D. s. in elemosinam totam terram de Eossaulin cum 
omnibus pertinenciis suis in bosco et plano in pratis et pasturis et in omnibus 
aliis aisiamentis et rebus suis ad habendum et tenendum libere et quiete ab omni 
servicio et consuetudine et exaccione seculari sicut ulla elemosina liberius haberi 
et teneri potest. Et hoc totum warantizabimus eis oontra omnes homines in 
perpetuum. 



596 



Hiis testibus . Wrunii filio Ithenardi . Cnaithitro filio Cradoci . Waltero 
de Sancto Hyj.ario . Enniaxjn Penbul . Q-eneriz filio Roberti filii Enniaun. 
The pedigree is : — 

EDniaiui= 

I 

I 
Robert= 



I I I 

Ruathlan. Enniaun. Generiz. 



(See DCCCXXXIV.) 

DLXXI. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY THE SONS OF RUATHLAN AB WRGI OF 
LAND AT ROSSAULIN TO MAROAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Oarta Ivor et Tudir et Kenwrec filiorum Ruhatlan ab Wrgi. 

Sciant o. h. c. v. vel a. quod ego Ivor . et Tudir . et Kenwrec filii Ruathlan 
ab Wrgi consilio et as[s]ensu patris nostri Ruathlan et aliorum amicorum 
nostrorum concessimus et quitum clamavimiis totum jus nostrum et clamium 
quod habuimus erga monachos de Margan de terra que appellatur Abercl.«udac . 
et G-OGONE^' . apud Rosaulin ita quod neque nos . neque heredes nostri predictis 
monachis pro eadem terra aliquando gravamcn aut calumpniam inferemus. Et 
sciendum quod nos coram domino Gr.' arehidiacono . et capellano de Breghen[oc] . 
eandem terram super sanctuaria abjuravimus in perpetuum . et in hujus rei 
testimonium sigilla ejusdem archidiaconi . et domni officialis de Breghen[oc] 
cum sigillo nostro huio scripto apjiosuiraus. 

Hiis testibus. 

Wrgi. 

I 
Uuhatlan. 

I 



I I I 

Ivor. Tudir. Kenwreo. 



(1) Thib is Giraldus Cambrensis, the historian of Wales, who occurs as Archdeacon of Breoknook, 
A.D. 117."i. and was nominated Bishop ot 8t. David's iu IIM, but not consecrated. 



597 



DLXXII. 

GRANT BY JOHN, SON OF WRONU, THE PHYSICIAN, OF 

LAND IN THE FEE OF BONEWILBSTON TO MARGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Carta Johannis Wronuth de una acra terre. 

Sciant p. et f. quod ego Johannes filius Wronu medici d. et c. et h. p. c. m. 
confii'mavi D. et eo. B. M. de Margan et monachis i. D. s. in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam unam acram terre arabilis in feodo de Bonewileston'. que extenditur 
in longitudine ab a quilone versus austrum . in parte orientali habens terram 
meam . et in parte occidentaU terram dictorum monachorum . in parte vero 
aquilonari terram Wronu Wachan . et in parte australi teiTam predictorum 
monachorum. Tenendam et habendam de me et heredibus raeis sibi in per- 
petuum . libere quiete . et pacifice ab omni vexacione seculari et demanda . sicut 
ulla elemosina liberius et quiecius teneii et haberi potest. Et ego predictus 
JoHANNES filius Wronu et heredes mei predictam acram terre predictis monachis 
contra omnes homines et feminas in perpetuum warantizabimus. Et ut heo mea 
donacio et concessio et h. p. c. m. confirmacio rata permaneat et stabilis in 
peqjetuum . presenti scripto sigiUum meum apposui. 

Hiis testibus . domino Waltero de Sullia . Willelmo Flandrensi . 
Philippo le SoR . Wronu Wachan de Penduuelin . Johanne Springel de 
Bonewileston' . RoBERTO dc Anne . Thoma filio RiCARDi . et multis aliis. 

The ' mansio ' of Wronu medicus is mentioned in the grant of Cecilia de Bouvill, DXXIX. Wronu 
Wachan ab Wronu occurs in an abjuration, CCCLXXVI. See also in advance. 



598 



DLXXIII. 

'VIDIMUS' BY THE BISHOPS OF LANGEES AND ROSKILD, 

OE A PRIVILEGE GRANTED BY POPE INNOCENT IV. 

TO THE CISTERCIANS, PROBABLY WITH REFERENCE 

TO MARGAM. 

[Margam Charter.] 11 April. 1251. 

Innockntius episcopus servus bervorum Dei . dilectis filiis . abbati Cistercii 
ejusque coabbiitibus Cisterciensis ordinis . salutem et apostolieam benedictionem. 

Cum nuper duxerimus statuendum ut exempti quantacumque gaudeant liber- 
tate nichilominus tamen ratione delicti seu contractus aut re de qua contra 
ipsos agitur . rite possint coram locorum ordinariis eonveniri . et illi quoad heo 
suam in ipsos jurisdictionem prout jus exigit exercere . vos dubitantes ne per 
constitutionem hujusmodi libertatibus et immunitatibus vobis et ordini vestro per 
privilegia et indulgentias ab apostolica sede concessis prejudicari valeat nobis 
humiliter supplicastis . ut proinde super hoc indempnitati vestre patenia sollici- 
tudine curaremus. Quia vero ejusdem ordinis sacra religio sic vos apud nos dignos 
favore constituit ut nobis nooivum existat vos ab omnibus per que vobis possent 
provenire dispendia immunes libenti animo preservare auetoritate vobis ])resentium 
indulgemus ut occasione constitutionis hujusmodi nuUum eisdem libertatibus et 
iramunitatibus imposterum prejudicium generetur. Nolli ergo omnino hominum 
liceat hanc paginam uostre concessionis iniringere vol ei ausu temerario oontraire. 
Siquis autem hoc attemptare presumpserit indignationem oinuipoteutis Dei et 
beatomm Pktri et Pauli apostoloruiu ejus se noverit incnrsurum. 

Datum Li GDUNi . iiu. nonas Marcii. Pontificatus nostri anuo octavo. 
[4Mar. 1251.] 

Nos GuiDO LiNGONENSis . et Jacokus EosKiLDENSis . Dei giatia episcopi vidi- 
mus et diligeuter inspeximus . Privilegium dooiini Innocentii Pape . Quarti 
non cancellatum . non abolitum . nou abrasum . sed verbo ad verbum continens 
omnia suporius expressa secunduiu iiutiu iu preseuti pagiua continetur. In cujus 



599 



rei testimonium presentem paginam sigillorum nostrorum munimine fecimus 
roborari. Auctum anno domini m"- ducentesimo . quinquagesimo . primo . feria 
tercia infi-a ootabas Pasche. 

Pointed oval seal, green wax, imperfeot. 

Obverse — About 2|in. by Ifin. A bishop standing. with mitre and crozier ; 
in the field on the right hand a flem'-de-lis. 



Reverse — IJin. diam. The bishop, kneeling in prayer, to the right ; on the 

field, Gci 

' -f- s' secre[t]u ep ' 

Endorsed — Quod nova constitutio domini . I. pape nullum prejudioium 
generet immunitatibus et libertatibus nostris.' 

See Douet d'Arcq., Collectioii de Sceanx, No. 6,^21 

Guido de Rochefort was Bishop of Langres, in France. a.d. llriO — 1266. 

Boskild is the seat of au aucieut biabopric in Denmark. 



DLXXIV. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THOMAS, ABBOT OF MARGAM, AND 
SYMON LE VIHC, WHO PLEDGES FOR TWENTY-EIGHT 
YEAR8 'LA LONGELAND' IN HURTINGHAM, FOR EIGHT 
MARKS, TEN SHILLINGS. 

[Margam Gharter.] Michaelmas, 1252. 

Anno gratie . m"- 00°- l"- i.j"- in festo Sancti Michaelis facta f uit hec convencio 
inter dominum Thomam abbatem de Margam et ejusdem loci oonventum ex 
parte una . et Sitvionem le ViHf' . ex altera . videUcet quod idem Symon invadiavit 
diotis abbati et conventui . totam terram suam que vocatiir La Longelonde et 
jacet in campo qui vocatur Hurtingham . extendens se in longitudine versus 
australem partem super terram Henrici le Heort . et versus borealem partem 
super terram Roberti de Reodhame . et in latitudine inter teiras dictorum 



600 



abbatis et conventus usque ad tennmiiin viginti octo annoruni . proximo sequen- 
tium plene completorum . pro octo marcis et decem solidis esterlingorum . quas 
dioti abbas et conveutus dicto Symoni in sua urgenti necessitate accommoda- 
verunt. Tenendam et habendam totam predictam terram per totum predictum 
terminum dictis abbati et conventui de dicto Symone et heredibus suis . libere et 
quiete bene et in pace. Reddendo inde annuatim per totum dictum terminum 
sibi Symoni et heredibus suis dicti abbas et conventus unum deuarium argenti . 
in festo Sancti Michaelis pro omnibus serviciis . sectis . querelis et secularibus 
demandis tam regalibus quam aliis ad dictam terram pertinentibus. Dictus vero 
Symon et heredes sui totam prt dictam terram per totum dictum terminum . 
memoratis abbati et eonventui ct eorum successoribus eontra omnes mortales 
warantizabunt. Et sciendum quod in fine dicti termini . (.lictus Symon vel 
heredes sui dictam pecuniam dictis abbati et conventui plenarie persolvent ante- 
quam dictam terram reeipiant . exceptis duodecim denariis qui dicto Symoni vel 
heredibus suis de dicta pecimia singulis annis per idem tempus relaxabuntur . Ut 
autem hec convencio fideliter et siue dolo teneatur . partes huic cyi'ographo 
bipartito sigilla sua alternatim apposuerunt. Hiis testibus . Domino Nicholao 
PoYNz . domino Alexandro de Cheverel . Petro Croc . Henrico de Stokes . 
Matjricio de Cumpton' . Henrico de Werkesbur' . Gileberto le Specier . 
et aliis. 

Seal, brown wax, pointed oval. IJin. by |in. Device — A bird, reguardant. 

Legend— ' -|- s' simon . i.e wih(;' (?) 

Endorsed — ' Carto Simonis lu vie de Langelonde.' 



601 



DLXXV. 

LEASE BY SIMON LE VIKE OF LA LONGELOND FOR FOUE- 
TEEN YEAES TO MARGAM ABBEY, EENT ONE PENNY, 
AND FIFTY-SIX SHILLINGS BEFOEEIIAND. 

[M.\RGAM Ch.vrter.] Michaelmas. 1252. 

Anno Domini m° cC quinquagesimo secuudo in festo etc [uf nup/a^ .... 

Thomam abbatem .... [uf .vMjora] .... Symonem le Vik .... [w^ sHpral .... 
Stmon tradidit ad firmam dictis abbati et conventui unam terram que vocatiir 
LoNGELONDquejacet [if/sw/jra] inter terram dictorum abbatis . . . \_i<f suj:/r(i~\ . . . 
usque ad terminum quatuordecim annorum proximo sequentium plene com- 
pletorum. Tenendam et babendam . totam predictam terram per totum predictum 
terminum de me Symone et beredibus meis memoratis abbati et conventui libere 
et quiete bene et in pace. Eeddendo inde singulis annis mibi Simoni et beredibus 
meis dioti abbas et conventus unum denarium argenti in festo Sancti Michaelis 
pro omnibus servieiis et demandis tam regalibus quam aliis. Pro hac autem 
conventione et traditione dederunt micbi Simoni dicti abbas et conventus quin- 
quaginta et sex solidos esterlingonmi pre manibus . Quare ego Simon et 
beredes mei totam predictam terram predictis abbati et conventui per totum 
predietum terminum contra omnes mortales warantiijabimus. Ut autem hec 
conventio et traditio per totum terminum firmitatis robur optineat . huic scripto 
ad modum cyrographi confecto et inter partes diviso singna jjarcium alternatim 
sunt appensa. Hiis testibus . Domino N. Poynz . domino Alexandro de 
Cheverell . Petro Croc de Olveston . Henrico de Stokes . Mauricio de 
Cumptone . GiLEBERTO clerico . Galfrido de Awel' . et aliis. 

Seal gone. 

Endorsed — ' Cyrographum Symonis le Vik de una acra,' and ' Langelonde.' 



4 A 



602 



DLXXVI. 

GRANT BY WRONU BIL TO MAEGAM ABBEY OF LAND AT 

GRETHULLE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian. 20 Jan. 1253. 

Noverint universi preseus scriptum visuri vel auditmi quod ego Wronu Bil 
iuvadiavi duas acras terre mee . abbati et conventui de Margan pro decem 
solidis . que jacent in eminentiori loco montis que dicitm- Grethullf, . videlicet 
inter teiTam dictorum abbatis et conventus de Margan versus austrum et ten-am 
WiLLELMi clerici filii Alexandri . habendam et tenendam ad terminum . 
viginti annorum libere . quiete . et pacifice cum omnibus pertinenciis illis . et 
aysiamentis solvendo miehi vel heredibus meis singulis annis ad Pascha unum 
denarium quamdiu dictam teiTam tenuerint. Et sciendum quod si ego vel 
heredes mei dictam terram ad terminum prefixum uon acquietaverimus . dicti 
abbas et conventus eandem terram libere possidebunt . donec dioti decem solidi a 
me et vel heredibus meis eisdem plenarie fuerint persoluti. Hoc insuper considerato 
quod si dicti abbas et conventus aliquo modo dictam terram melioraverint . ego 
vel heredes mei cum eandem acquietaverimus pro recompensatione melioracionis 
eis respondebimus . Facta autem fuit hec convencio anno Domini . m°- cc°- 
quinquagesimo tercio . lu fcsto boatorum Fabiani et Sebastiani coram 
Waltero Luvel . Thoma Gramus . Ph. de Cornely . Willelmo Franke- 
LEiN . Ph. clerico . Waltero Acelin. In cujus rei testiraonium ego predictus . 
Wrono Bil presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. 

Seal in dark wax, as in the other charter by W. Bil. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Wronu Bil de duabus acris terre,' also ' Keuefige.' 



603 



DLXXVII. 
SALE BY MAURICE GEAMUS TO MARGAM ABBEY OF LAND 
AT GOYLAKE FOR ONE HUNDRED SHILLINGS AND 
A YEARLY RENT. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 15.] 1253. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Mauricius 
Gramus salutem in domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra me pro manibus accepisse a domino abbate de 
Margan et ejusdem loci conventu . anno domini m"- cc°- l° tertio centum solidos 
argenti . pro quatuor acris ten-e et dimidia cum pertinentiis. Quanun due jacent 
juxta terram Henrici Baret . in orientali parte . et que jacent juxta terram 
HuGONis juvenis . in oceidentali parte. Et extendunt se omnes dicte quatuor 
acre in longitudine a magna via usque ad Goyelake. Dimidia vero acra 
jacet inter terram monachorum de Margan quam habuerunt ex dono 
HuGONis Gramus firatris mei . et terram Thome Gramus iu longum usque 
GoYELAKE. Ita videlicet quod dictus abbas et conventus reddent mihi vel 
heredibus meis inde annuatim quatuor denarios ad Pascha . quamdiu predictam 
terram tenuerint. Quod si ego vel heredes mei dictam terram aliquando revocare 
voluerimus . predicto abbati et conventui de centum solidis plenarie satisfaciemus. 
Domini regis vel comitis aliqua prohibitione non obstante. In eujus rei testi- 
monium huic seripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Waltero Luuel . 
Thoma Gramus . et Rogero Gramus fratribus meis . Thoma de Cornely . 
Philippo Alexandro . Willelmo Frankelein . Philippo clerico . Johannk 
Witard . et multis aliis. 

Seal, red wax, as in 75 C. 14. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Mauricii Gb^amus . de centum solidos.' 



604 



DLXXVIII. 

THE PAWNING FOR TEN YEARS BY PHILIP, SON OF DAVID, 
TO MAURICE GRAMUS OF LAND IN POLLARDESSLADE. 
[Harl. Oharter, 75 B. 44.] 4 Aprii.. 1253. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Philippus filius David bui^geusis de 
Kenbfeth consilio assensu et consensu heredum meorum impignoravi Mauricio 
G-ramus genero meo anno domini millesimo ducentesimo quinquagesimo tertio in 
die Sancti Ambrosii episcopi quatuor acras terre arabilis in Pollardesslade pro 
decem marcis sterlingorum. Q,ue quidem quatuor acre simul et integre jacent 
inter acram predicti Mauru'!! ex parte aquilonari . quam donavi eidem cum 
Johanna fiiia mea in liberum maritagium. Et porteudunt in latitudine usque ad 
acram terre Willelmi filii Herberti ex parte australi. Si vero ego vel heredes 
mei infra decennium vel saltem in fine decimi anni dictam pecuniam decem 
marcarum eidem Mauricio vel ejus heredibus vel assignatis non persolverimuB a 
die illo et deinceps predictus Mauricius et heredes sui vel assignati dictas quatuor 
acras terre . ahsque omni reclamatione mea vel heredum meorum qui sunt . vel 
esse poterunt . libere possideant . quiete et paeifice. Reddendo michi . et heredibus 
meis ipse et heredes sui vel assignati unum par albarum cirothetarum annuatim 
ad Paseha pro omni exactione seoulari et demanda. Et ut hec mea concessio et 
conventio rata stabilis et inconcussa permanoat presenti scripto sigillum meum 
apposui. Hiis testibus . Waltero Luuel . Thoma Gramus . Philippo clerioo . 
Philippo Alixandro . Willelmo le Ffrankeleyn . Ada Hosmer . Nicholao 
NoREYs . et multis aliis. 

A round seal in brown wax, lin. diam. Deviee — A quatrefoil. 
Legend — ' + s' pniLipri david.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Mauricii Gramus de quatuor aoris terre in Pollardesslade et 
facit menoionem de Philippo fiiio David.' 



605 



DLXXIX. 

GEANT BY WALTER LUVEL, OF MINERALS WITHIN HIS 
LAND TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

St. Mary Magdalene's Day, 1253. 

Sciant p. et f. q. e. Walterus Luxjel consilio et assensu A. uxoris mee et 
heredum meorum . dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et 
e. B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. onmimodam mineriam ferri et plumbo in tota terra 
mea ubicunque inventa fuerit . aut inveniri poterit . habendam et possidendam in 
perpetuvim. Reddendo inde michi annuatim et heredibus meis . quamdiu dicta 
mineria uti voluerint . eultrum et vomerem ad carucam meam ad Pascha . pro 
omni exactione seculari servitio . vel demanda. Concessi etiam eisdem liberum 
ingressum et egressimi cum bigis et quadrigis . ubicunque in dieta terra mea 
aliquam mineriam duxerint fodiendam. Ita plane quod nullain posterum ecclesi- 
astica secularisve persona sine assensu et voluntate dietorum monachorum in 
eadem terra . aliquam . sibi fodere mineriam liceat. Prohac autem donatione mea 
dederunt michi dicti monaclii duo quarteria frumenti . circa f estum Sancte Marie 
Magdalene . quando hec carta facta fuit . anno domini . u"- cc° l"- tercio. Et 
sciendum quod ego et heredes mei dictam donacionem dietis monachis contra 
omnes mortales in perpetuum sine fraude vel dolo warantizabimus. Et ut heo 
mea donatio et concessio firmitatis robur optineant in futurum . presenti scripto 
sigilli mei apposui impressionem . Hiis testibus. 

Entitled — ' Carta Walteii Luvel de mineria ferrea terre sue.' 



{)06 



DLXXX. 

EATIPICATION BT THE GENERAL, CHAPTER OF CITEAUX, 
OF AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE ABBOTS OF MARGAM 
AND CAERLYON, RESPECTING COMMON OF PASTURE 
AT HYRWENWORGAN. 

[Habl. Charter, 75 A. 6.] 1253. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris. Frater 
B[onifatius] dietus abbas Cisterciensis totusque conventus abbatum oapituli 
generaUs rei geste noticiam cum salute. 

Universitati vestre presentibus innotescat quod nos sententiam a venerabilibus 
coabbatibus nostris de Bildewas de Bruera et de Kyxgeswode judicibus a 
capitulo generaii eonstitutis in oausa que vertebatur inter abbatiam de Margan 
ex una parte et abbatiam de Kerlyon ex altera rite ac judicialiter latam prout 
inferius continetur partibus presentibus ae consentientibus auctoritate dicti 
capituli duximup roborandam. 

Omuibus sanete matris ecclesie filiis presens seriptum visims vel audituris . de 
Bildewas . de Bruere . de Kyngeswode abbatibus salutem iu domino sempitemam. 
Quoniam quecumque a raortalibus geruntur nisi ad posteromm memoriam 
litterarum diligentia scripto commendentur ceca oblivione perire dinoscuntur 
universis presentibus et futuris que per nos auctoritate capituli generalis inter 
domos de Margan et Kerlyon sentencialiter terminata sunt presenti seripto 
propalare decreviinus. Cum enim ad petieionem abbatis de Margan dati fuissemus 
judices a capitulo gouerali super communa pasture de Hyrwenworgan, 
unde nobis liquido constabat per retroacta alias hino motam fuisse questionem et 
eaudem amicabili concordia per compositionem inter partes faotam fuisse sopitam . 
Sed eam postea ex pai-te dictorum abbatis et oonventus de Kerlyon minus 
integre observatam . Nos convocatis rite partibus in eoclesia cathedrali 
Wygornie anno domini m" cc"- i." tercio, feria secunda post elausum Pasohe, 



607 



propositis utrimque proponendis, testibus admissis et attestacionibus puplicatis, 
cartis et scriptis inter partes confectis, lectis, et sane intellectis, assidentibus 
nobiscum venerabilibus patribus de Dora de Tinterna abbatibus necnon et 
aliis discretis nostri ordinis personis dictam controversiam auctoritate capituli 
generalis qua fungebamur in hac parte per sententiam diffinitivam eum nullatenus 
lioet per nos plurimum esset elaboratum amicabilem posset finem sortiri hoc modo 
terminavimus. Primo scilieet irrefragabiliter eensuimus compositionem inter 
dictas domos anno domini m"- cc"- iij"- de dicta pastura et possessionibus aliis 
faotam perpetuis fore temporibus inviolabiliter observandam. Secundo quod 
abbas et conventus de Margan diota pastm^a de Hyrwenworgan omnibus anni 
temporibus die no[o]tuque ubique libere et pacifiee cum omni gencre animalium 
utantur. Et ut litis in posterum tollatur occasio, dicte commune terminos per has 
divisas facta prius inde diligenti inquisicione per viros religiosos et fidedignos 
duximus h[oc modo de]clarare videlicet a magna pola ubi Wrelech oritur per 
aquam de Wrelech tendendo usque in fluvium de Neth versus septemtrionem, 
et per fluvium de Neth tendendo versus orientem usque ad Redevayn et a 
Ee[devayn] usque ad fines Breconie et inde versus austrum tendendo usque ad 
rivulum Canan et per rivulum Canan usque de Aberdar et ab Aberdar 
directe versus oceidentem usque ad Puthladar et a Puthladar usque ad 
cilium montis, et per ciKum montis directe tendendo versus occidentem usque 
ad predietam magnam polam. Quicquid infra hos terminos continetur dictis 
abbati et conventui de Margan in communem pasturam adjudicavimus exceptis 
mansioni et bosco de Bolchoyth et oentum acris eidem mansioni contiguis in loco 
dumtaxat abbati et conventui de Margan minus uoceuti, et unica tantum domo 
apud Estunwrelech in qua nullus maneat i'eligiosus nec aliqvia ibi excepta 
tantum trium acrarum quantitate, circa eandem domum fiat clausura. Tercio 
quod sepes fossata clausure et alia quelibet edificia per ipsos de Kerlyon 
oonstructa preter prenominata penitus amoveantur. Quarto et ultimo quod si 
aliquis monachus vel conversus dictorum domorum contra hanc sentenciam 



608 



venire presumpserit sine onmi exciisacione et dilacione a[u]ctoritate ordinis a domo 
propria penitus emittatur ; non reversurus nisi de licentia capituli generalis. Et 
ut hec sentencia diffinitiva firmitatis robur optineat impei-petuum nos eam in 
seripto redactam sigillorum nostrorum impressione roboravimus. Antedictis 
vero judicibus committit iterato capitulum generale eisdem firmiter injungendo 
ut sicut in dicta causa super principali laudabiliter processerunt : ita super 
accessoriis videlicet super expensis factis et dampnis illatis domui de Marg.\n 
ejusdem auctoritate capituli juris ordine observato procedant prout fuerit proce- 
dendum facientes quod decreverint per censuram sordini irrefragabiliter 
observari. Quod si omnes hiis exequendis interesse non poterint : duo ea nichilo- 
minus fideliter exequantur. Uatum Cistercii anno domini m"- cC- l" iij° tem- 
pore capituli generalis. 

Pine round seal, green wax, 1 |in. diam. The Abbot of Oiteaux, thi-ee-quarters 
length, with book and crozier. 

' -I- SIGILLVM . ABBATIS . CISTERCIENSIS.' 

[Bircb, Catal. uf Seah in Bril. .Vms.. Vol. V., No. 18,626.] 

The Wrelech has no name in the ordnance map, but is evidently indicated by tlie uames of Blaen 
Gwereleoh and Ystin Gwerelech upon a sraall stream near Pont Walby, and Aber Gwerlech at the 
juuction of the same stream with the Nedd. In fact, the boundaries are pretty much those of tbe com- 
mon at this day. The mansion and wood of Bolchoyd may be Bolgoyth, or Bolgoed, a property near 
Hirwain-Wrgan, known now as Hirwain, above the tovvn of Aberdare, The Conan, or Cwnon, is the 
river which reoeives the Dare at the town of Aberdarc. 



609 



DLXXXI. 

INSPEXIMTJS BY THE ABBOTS OF TINTEEN AND DORE OF 
LETTERS FEOM THE GENERAL CISTERCIAN CHAPTER 
TO THE ABBOT OF STRATA-FLORIDA, ORDERING HIM TO 
ENFOECE THE SENTENCE PRONOUNCED IN A CAU8B 
BETWEEN THE ABBEYS OF MARGAM AND CAEELION. 
[Harl. Charter, 75 D. 11.] 

MoBROw OF THE Dat of the Eleven Thousand Virgins. 22 OCT. 1253. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris fratres 
J. de Thinterna . St[ephanus] de Dora dicti abbates saluteni in Domino 
eternam. 

Noverit dilectio vestra nos quasdem literas a capitulo generali dompno abbati 
de Strata-Florida in presentia nostra transmissas inspexisse anno domini 
M"- cc"- L"- tertio . in Alba Domo sub hac forma. 

In crastino undecim milium virginum. Ffrater B. dictus abbas Cisterciensis 
totusque conventus abbatum eapituli generalis . dilecto in Christo coabbati suo 
de Strata-Florida salutem et scinceram in Domino caritatem. 

Cum sententia difiinitiva inter domum de Margan et Kerlion filiam vesh-am 
per venerabiles de Buildwas . de Brueria . et de Ktngeswde . abbates rite ae 
juditialiter lata . a capitulo generali approbata sit et confirmata . dileetionem 
vestram beuigne rogamus vobis tenore presentium mandantes quatinus dictam 
sententiam a filiis vestris dicte domus personis auctoritate nostre inviolabiliter 
iaciatis observari. Ne quod absit de ipsis aliqiiid rebellionis seu tergiversationis 
contra dictam sententiam factam nobis de cetero querulosa insiuuatione debeat 
presentari . tantum super premissis fatientes ut diligens executio vestra in hac 
parte merito debeat commendari. Valete. Datum apud Cistercium anno 

4 B 



610 



Domini m"- cc"- l"- tertio tempore capituli generaKs. In cujus rei testimonium 
huic scripto patenti sigilla nostra apposuimus. Valete. 

A mere fragment of the seal. 

Endorsed — ' Execucio commissa abbati de Strata-Florida ex parte capituli 
generalis.' 

DLXXXII. 

THOMAS GRAMUS PAWNS SIX ACRES OF LAND AT GOYLAKE, 
ETC, TO MARGAM ABBEY, FOR TEN SILVER POUNDS, 
AND A YEARLY RENT OF SIXPENCE. 

[Margam Chvrter.] Invention of Holy Cross. 3 May. 1254. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris . Thomas 
Gramus salutem in doraino. ^ 

Noverit universitas vestra me pre manibus accepisse a domino abbate de 
Margan et ejusdem loci conventu . Anno domini m° cc" l" quarto . in festo 
Invencionis sancte Crucis . decem libras argenti pro sex aoris terre mee cum 
pertinenciis. Quarum acrarum tres jaeent juxta illam acram quam dicti monachi 
prius de me habuerunt . habentes ex parte occidentali terram Thome Russkl . 
et in longitudine se extendunt a rivulo de Q-oylake usque ad magnam viam que 
tendit de Kenefeg usque ad Oatteputte. Due vero jacent in iUa oultura que 
vocatur Deumay propinquiores illi vie que tendit a domo mea usque ad magnam 
viam . que tendit de Kenefeg ad prenominatum Catt'eputte. Exceptis tribus 
acris meis interjacentibus. Et in longitudine se extenduut a dieto rivulo de 
Q-OYLAKE usque ad sepedictam magnam viam. Soxta autem jacet in australi 
parte do Goylake juxta terram dictorum raonachorum et se extendit in longitu- 
dino a terra Walteri Luuel . que dioitur Heuedaker . usque addictum Ooylake . 
in occidentali parte habens ten-am meam. Reddendo miehi et heredibus meis 
inde annuatira sex denarios ad festum omnium sanctorum quamdiu predictam 
terram tenueriut. Ita taraen quod si ego vel heredes mei diotara terram revooare 



611 



voluerimus . predieto abbati et conventui de decem libris stei-lingorum plenaxie 
satisfaciemus . Domini Eegis vel comitis aliqua prohibicione non obstante. In 
cujus rei testimonium . huic scripto sigillum meum apposui. 

TTis testibus . Waltero Luuel . Philippo de Cornely . Willelmo filio 
Alexandri clerico . Willelmo Frankeleyn . Philippo clerico et multis aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Thome Grramus de x. libris.' 

Seal in red wax, as in No. DLXXXIII. See also Nos. DXCVI. and DCX. 

DLXXXIII. 

GEANT BY THOMAS GEAMTJS OF LAND BETWEEN GOTLAKE 
AND KENEFEG, TO MAEQAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] Whitsunday. 31 May, 1254. 

Sciant p. et f. q. e. Thomas Gramus consilio et assensu heredum meorum et 
aliorum amicorum meorum dedi et concessi . et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi . 
Deo et ecclesie B. M. de Margan . e. m. i. D. s. sex acris libere terre mee quarum 
tres jacent juxta illam acram quam dicti monachi prius de me habuerunt . habentes 
ex parte occidentali terram Thome Eussel et in longitudine se extendunt a 
rivulo de GoYLAKE usque ad magnam viam que tendit de Kenefeg usque ad 
Catteputte. Due vero jacent in illa cultura que voeatur Deumay propinquiores 
illi via que tendit a domo mea ad magnam viam que tendit de Kenefeg ad pre- 
nominatum Cattepctte. Exceptis tiibus acris meis interjacentibus. Et in 
longitudine se extendunt a dicto rivulo de Goylake usque ad sepedictam magnam 
viam. Sexta autem jacet in australi parte de Goylake juxta terram dictorum 
monachorum et se extendit in longitudine a terra Walteri Luvel que dicitur 
Heuedaker . usque ad dictum Goylake . in occidentaH parte habens terram 
meam . In puram et perpetuam elemosinam libere et quiete pacifice et integre 
cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus sicut ulla elemosina liberius et 
melius dari potest absque omni exactione et demanda. Ego vero Thomas et 



612 



heredes mei predictam terram predictis monachis contra omnes mortales waranti- 
zabimus imperpetuum. Et ut liec mea donacio et concessio facta anno domini 
M"- cc"- L°- quarto . in die Sancto Pentecostes . firma et inooncussa permaneat . 
impei-petuum presenti scripto sigiUum meum apposui. His testibus . Waltero 
LuvEL . Philippo de Oornely . Willelmo filio Alexandri clerioo . Willklmo 
Frankele\'n . Philippo clerico et multis aliis. 

Seal in dark wax. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Tliome Ghramus de sex acris terre.' 

DLXXXIV. 

OERTIPICATE BY THE BISHOP OF LLA.NDAFF: THAT THE 
VICARS OF CHURCHES APPROPRIATED TO THE PRIORY 
OF MONMOUTH BEAR THE ORDINARY CHARGES OF 
SUCH CHURCHES. 

[Madox, Formulare Anglicanum, p. 7.] 9 June, 1254. 

Universis Ohristi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit . Frater I. 
miseratione divina Landavensis ecclesioe minister humilis £Bternam in doniino 
salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra, quod cum esset hsesitatum, an prior et conventus 
de MoNEMUTA houera ordinaria consueta, ecclesias quas in diocesi Landavensi 
tenent in proprios usus contingentia, sustinere tenerentur . vel vicarii earundem 
ecclesiarum ; tandem nobis constitit legitimo, tam per confessionem dictorum 
vicarioiiuu, quain per testimonium fide dignorum, eosdem vicarios et eorundem 
Buccessores omnia honera prsedicta agnoscere debere, et pro dictis religiosis omni- 
bus ordinariis super prsomissis respondere. In cujus rei testimonium, has literas 
nostras eisdem religiosis fecimus et concessimus patentes. Datas apud Berga- 
veny die Martis proximu post festura beatso Trinitatis. Anno gratise m. cc. 
L. quarto. 

Bisliop .loliii de Wnre, formerly Abbot ot Margum, 1253 — 1256. 
Triiiity Sundiy iii 1251 was 7tli .Inne. 



613 



DLXXXV. 

MEMORANDUM OF A LEASE OF LAND BY MARGAM ABBEY, 
TO THE THEEE SONS OF WILLIAM GEUENOHT OF KENFIG. 

[Margam Charter.] 1255. 

§ Memorandum . Quod anno domiui m°- cc"- l"- quinto . tres filii Willelmi 
Q-EUENOHT de Kenefeg receperunt quandam terram de nobis usque ad terminum 
xxx''- annorum. Reddendo annuatim quatuor denarios ad festum Sancti 
Michaelis. Quorum cyrographum cum cartis istis habetiu*. 

This memorandum is endorsed upon one of the Margam charter roUs. 



DLXXXVI. 

ACaUITTANOE BY YVO DE KIBWORTH, KING'S SERJEANT, 

TO THE ABBOT OF MARGAM, FOR MONEY DUE TO THE 

JEWS. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 86.] 

SS. Peter and Paul. 29 Jdne. 29 Henry III. 1255. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus has literas visuris vel audituris Yuo de Kibworth 
serviens domini Regis salutem in domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra me recei^isse anno regni Regis [Henrici]' filii Regis 
Johannis tricessimo nono de abbate de Margan duas mareas . et dimidiam pro 
Cress' filio Mill' . et duas marcas pro Sampsone filio Maugeri Judeis . in die 
apostolorum Petri et Pauli pro Simone le Vic . qui in dictis mareis diotis Judeis 
tenebatur . et ideo erit dictus abbas quietus et solutus de distriecione pertinente 
ad marcas in isto scripto prenominatas . videlicet illas quas dictus abbas paoavit 
diotis JuDEis pro Simone le Vic. In cujus rei testimonium huic scripto sigillum 
meum apposui. 

(1) Omitted in MS. 



(il4 



DLXXXVII. 

MEMORANDUM OF THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE ABBEYS 
OF MARGAM AND KARLYUN, RESPECTING BOLGOED 
AND HYRWEN-WURGAN. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 37.] 1256. 

C.O.N.P.O.S.I.C.I.O. 

Memorandum quod anno domini m° cc°- l"- sexto in octabis Saneti Laurencii 
martyris apud Christi Ecclesiam facta est hec finalis ooncordia et amicabilis 
eomposicio inter abbatem et conventum de Margan ex parte una . et 
abbatem et conventum de Karlyun ex altera . super quadam controversia 
inter ipsos exorta de assignacione et limitacione centum acrarum terre 
eisdem abbati et conventui de Karlyun . per tenorem sentencie diffinitive . 
per venerabiles de Byldewas de Brueria . et de Kyngeswode abbates auctori- 
tate eapituli generalis inter partes judicialiter late in oontiguo loco mansionis sue 
de Bolgoyth . in pastura de Hyrwenwurgan concessai-um : videlicet quod cum 
eas seoundum quod oportuit ibidem habere non possent ; memorati abbas et 
conventus de Margan pro bono pacis et litis in posterum occasione toUenda . pro 
dictarum centum acrarum reoompensaeione . viginti acras terre in contiguo loco de 
Redvayn dictis abbati et conventui de Kerlyun in quoscumque suos usus 
proprios eas convertere voluerint una eum dictis mansione sua et bosco de 
Bolgoyth et unica domo cum trium acrarum clausura tantum . apud Estymwe- 
releh . nullo ibidem religioso manenti in futuro . perpetuis temporibus libere 
possidendas concesserunt. Quas quidem viginti acras fossandi . claudendi . necnon 
et domos per vim sentencie prefato dirutas reerigendi . secundum quod eas prius 
habuerunt ibidem si vohierint : plenam in posterum habeant facultatem . tenore 
ejusdem sentencie seu compositionum inter partes confectarum . non obstante 
aliquatenens in hac parte. Ita tamen quod abbas et conventus de Margan toto 
residuo dicte communis pasturo de Hyrwenwurgan omni tempore anni in 



615 



perpetuum die noctuque ubique libere et pacifiee cum omni genere animalium 
utantur infra has divisas subscriptas . videlicet a magna pola ubi Wereleh 
oritur tendendo usque in fluvium de Neth versus septemtrionem . et per 
fluvium de Neth tendendo versus orientem usque ad Redevayn . et a Redevayn 
usque ad fines Brechon' et iude versus austrum tendendo usque ad rivulum 
Canan . et per rivulum Canan . usque ad Aberdar . et ab Aberdar . direote 
versus occidentem . usque ad Pulthadar . et a Pulthadar . usque ad cilium montis . 
directe tendendo versus oocidentem usque ad predictam magnam polam. Ceteris 
omnibus fossatis clausuris et edificiis in dicta pastura factis vel constructis per 
ipsos de Karlyun penitus amovendis . nec aliquibus aliis preter prenominata 
ibidem . per eosdem imposterum construendis. Hoc nichilominus supradictis 
adjecto . quod si quis monachus vel conversus dictarum domorum contra hanc 
quod absit finalem concordiam et compositionem amicabilem aliquomodo venire 
presumpserit . omni occasione excusacione et dilacione postpositis . a domo propria 
penitus emittatur . non reversurus nisi de licencia capituli generalis. Tenore 
nichilominus diote sentencie et compositionum inter dictas domos jam dudum 
confectarum . in ceteris omnibus preterquam in premissis in suo robore inviola- 
biliter persistente inperpetuum. Et ut heo fiualis ooncordia et composicio 
amicabilis firmitatis robur optineat imperpetuum . dictarum domorum abbates una 
oum venerabilibus de Flexleya . de Tynterna . de Neth . de Alba domo . et de 
Strata Florida . abbatibus presens soriptum sigillorum suorum impressionibus 
duxerunt roborandum. 

Six seals, of the Abbot of Margam, and the five abbots mentioned in the final 
clause. 

See No. DLXXX. 



616 



DLXXXVIII. 

GEANT BY WILLIAM SACH, OF LAND IN SWANSEA TO 
WILLIAM COLE, SON OF JOHN COLE. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa A.D. 1256. 

Sciant p. e. f. q. e. Willelmus Sach dedi concessi et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi Willelmo Cole filio Johannis Cole . totam ten-am illam quam emi 
de RicARDO Maderun jacentem extra villam de Sweynise inter terram Sancti 
JoHANNis que vocatur Breymiskeyl ex parte boriali et terram Boloch ex parte 
oceidentali et quaudam moram ex parte orientali et australi . pro quindecim solidis 
argenti mihi pre manibus persolutis. Habendum et tenendimi de me et heredibus 
meis dicto Willelmo Cole et heredibus suis vel suis assignatis libere quiete bene 
et in pace jure hereditario in perpetuum . ciun medietate cujusdam prati et aliis 
pertinentiis et aysiamentis dicte terre pertinentibus. Reddendo inde annuatim 
mihi et heredibus meis ipse Willelmus et heredes sui vel sui assignati unum 
denarium argenti vel unum par albariun cerothecarum ad festum beati Michaelis 
pro omni servitio seculari exaotione et demanda. Et ego Willelmus Sach et 
heredes mei totam dictam terram cum medietate prati prout prenominatum est 
prefato Willelmo Colk et heredibus suis vel suis assignatis contra omnes 
homines et feminas imperpetumn warantizabimus et defendemus. Et quia volo 
quod hec mea donacio concessio et hujus oarte mee confirmatio rata sit et stabilis 
imperpetuum . presentem cartam sigilli mei impressione coiToboravi. Hiis testi- 
bus . JoHANNE de Landiltwyt tunc senescallo Goherie . Ada Cnoyl tunc 
preposito Ville de Sweynes' . Willelmo de Neth . Henrico de Bucigham . 
Waltero Claudo . Philippo Scurlag . Hugone Arcer . Philippo Gruffit . 
Mauricio Palmero . et aliis. 

Seal gone. 

Endorsed— ' Carta Willelmi iSahc de terra quam vendidit Willelmo Cole juxta 

Brimmiesk.' 



617 



DLXXXIX. 

CERTIPICATE OF THE CHAPTER OF LLANDAFF TO HENRY 
in., OF THE ELECTION OF WILLIAM DE RADNOR TO 
THE SEE. 

[Margam Charter.] 28 July. 40 Henry III. 1256. 

ExceUentissimo domino suo Henrico Dei gratia illustri Regi Angli.s: . clomino 
HiBERNiE . ete . Capitulum ecolesie Landavensis salutem in domino sempiter- 
nam . et orationes in Christo cum devotione. 

Defimcto bone memorie Johanne quondam Landavensi episcopo, nobis de 
solita olementia vestra per literas vestras patentes liberam vestri gratia concessistis 
eligendi facultatem. Nos autem Deum habentes prae oculis salubri concilio 
literarum vestrarum firmiter ut deouit inherentes invooata Spiritus Sancti gratia 
de unanimi assensu et voluntate omnium fratrum nostrorum magistrum Willel- 
MUM de Radnore thesaui-arium nostrum, virum discretum et honestum, egregie 
literatum, Deo et ecclesie devotum, regie majestati vestre humiliter iQclinatum, 
et rei publice, per Dei gratiam, valde profuturum, in temporalibus oautum, in 
patrem elegimus et pastorem, celsitudini vestre, quam conservet et augeat 
Altissimus, humiliter supplicantes et devote quatinus dicte electioni nostre 
regium assensum pie prebere dignemini. Nec moleste ferre velitis, si plaoet, 
quod preces vestras ad presens exaudire nequivimus. Cum ille qui nunc instinctu 
Spiritus Sancti duximus eligendum a puerili etate sua nobis oognitus existit, et 
inter nos laudabiliter et oontinue oonversatus fuerit in ecolesie nostra . qute semper 
clericos de gremio suo cujuslibet eoclesie (dummodo digni extiteriut) in electioni- 
bus celebrandis oseteris clericis duxit preferendos. Propter quod devotissime 
petimus ne predicto facto nostro quod, ut speramus, a Deo processit, in aliquo, 
quod Deus avertat, moveri aut turbari velitis, sed potius, si plaoet, prooessui 

4c 



618 



nostro oanonico congratulari dignemini. Valeat ot crescat regia potcstas vestra 
semper in domino. 

Datvun anno domini mcclvi. v. Kal' Aug'. 

See also the ' Litterse Certificatoriae capituli Landaviae electionis Willelmi de 
Radnore in episcopiun Landavensem.' (Bundela Petitionum et Certif. anno 
40 Henry III.. in Turre London'. In B. Willis' Surve;/ of Lkndaf, f. 114.) 

DXC. 

MEMORANDITM OF A LEASE BETWEEN MARGAM ABBEY 
AND MICHAEL TOSARD. 

[Margam Chakter.] 1257. 

Memorandum quod anno domini m" cc"- l" septimo Michael Tosard recepit 
a nobis duas partes unius messuagii . cum orto uno et crofto et una acra terre. 
Reddendo inde annuatim nobis duos solidos videlicet ad festum Sancti Michaelis 
XII. denarios et ad Pascha xii. denarios. 

Tlie memoraudum is endorsed npon one ot' the charter roUs of the abbey. 

For the lease hased upon this memoraQdum, see No. DCXXXIV., bnt it is dated in 12ti7. ten yeiira 
later. Tliere was also a Michael Tnsard, who held one-sixth of a knighfs tefl in TJantwit at the partition 
of thc de Clare estates, aboiit L316. There was also a Henry Thusard, whose name may be mis-spelt, who 
was clerk to William, Earl of Gloucester, who requires the abbot and convent of Margam to allow him to 
eiect a church at Kenfig, upou certain specified conditions (CX.). William Tosard was upon a Llantwit 
jury in an cxtent of that manor. about r2l>2-«. and he witnessed a charter by a Hugh Sigin, gninting land 
in Siginston to Maiiriee Pincerm. 

DXCI. 

GRANT by john avytard of three and a half acres 
of land [in kenfig] to maroam abbey. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 D. 2H.] St. BENEmcT's Day, 21 Mak. 1257. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presentibus et futuris ad quos presens scriptum 
pervenerit Johannes WvrARn burgensis de Kenefech etornara iii doniino 
salutem. 



619 



Noveritis me anno domini m"- cC- l,"- septimo in die Sanoti Benedicti abbatis 
donasse Deo et ecelesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus tres acras terre mee ai-abilis et dimidiam cum pertinentiis. Quas 
quidem tres aoras et dimidiam ab eisdem monaohis per cartas tenui unde et pro 
salute anime mee easdem oartas in manus eorum resignavi . dicte terre pro me et 
heredibus meis renuntiando in perpetuum. Quod si uxor mea me supervixerit 
quicunque heres meus fuerit de alia terra mea ipsam dotabit. Ita quod dioti 
monachi prenorainatam terram ex libera donaoione mea quietam et integram 
habeant in perpetuum. Et ut hec mea donacio et concessio rata et inviolabilis 
permaneat presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Philippo de 
CoRNELY . Thomas Gramus . Philippo clerico . WiLLELMo le Frankeleyn . 
HuGONE CoGH et aliis. 

Seal, pointed oval, l^in. by lin., in green wax. Device — An ornamental or 
arabesque flower. 

Legend — ' + s' . johannis . witard.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Johannis Witard de tribus aoris terre et dimidia.' 

DXCII. 

CYEOGEAPH BETWEEN PHILIP DE CORNELY AND MARGAM 
ABBEY CONCERNING AN EXCHANGE OF LAND AT THE 
SANCTUARY OF CORNELI CHAPEL. 

[Margam Charter.] 1257. 

Omnibus Christi f. a q. p. s. p. innotesoat . Quod heo est couventio facta 
inter dominum abbatem et conveutimi de Margan ex parte una . et Philippum 
de CoRNELY ex parie altera . videlicet quod dicti abbas et conventus concesserunt 
prenominato Philippo et heredibus suis perpetuo habendam . totam terram suam 
pertinentem ad sanctuaiiam oapelle de Corneli. Que quidem terra jacet ex paite 
ineridionali juxta terram Walteri filiis Anselmi . et extenditur in longitudine 



620 



usque ad looum quo dlcitur ' duodecim acre ' pro perpetua excambia terre 
predicti Philippi . que jacet juxta terram dictorum abbatis et conventus de 
Margan. Et ineipit a terra que dicitur . Tangestellond . et extendit in longi- 
tudine juxta magnam viam usque ad locum que dicitur . Orchardescroft . ex 
parte meridionali. Quam quidem terram sepedictus Philippus et heredes ejus . 
sepedictis abbati et conventui de Margan quiete et pacifioe . et integre perpetuo 
possidendam contra omnes homines warantizabunt . et si contigerit sepedictum 
Philippum ante uxorem suam nomine Amable iu fata decedere . heres sepe- 
notati Philippi quicunque fuerit . de terra sua quam a dictis abbati et conventu 
in excambia accepit . vel de alia sua terra . eam dotabit. Ita quod dicti abbas et 
conventus terram eis excambiatam perpetuo possidebimt . libere . quiete . et 
pacifice . et integre . et eam sine omni contradictione poterunt qualicumque 
clausura voluerint claudere . et ut propriam in omnibus meliorare. Facta autem 
fuit heo convencio . anno domini m° cc°' l"- septimo . circa festum Sancti Bene- 
DicTi . que ut stabilis et rata pernianeat imperpetuum . hujus scripti eirographati . 
partes mutuas sigilli sui impressione pars mutua roboravit. Hiis testibus . 
domino Daniele Siward . Willelmo le Flammang . Philippo de Nerber . 
et Mauricio fratre ejus . J. le Noreis . et Willelmo fratre ejus . Thoma 
Grammus et aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Cirografum Philippi de (Jomeli de exeambio cujusdam terre.' 

Xorth and South Cornely or Cornelau ure viUuges in tlie iiarieh of Pyle, a short distance eaal of 
Kenfig. There was a chapel of Comely granted to Tewkesbury by William, Earl of Glouccster, and 
confirmed by Bishop Nicholas of LlandafJ, 1 153—1183. The two \;erc called parishes (See No. MCCCCL.) 
probably inaccurately. The manor of Cornely was held in 1697 by Jenkin Turberville of Penllyne. North 
Cornely was held of the lord. in the lordship of Kenfig, in free aocage aud fealty at a quit rent. Cornel- 
dune occurs in the cliarters as near Sturmy Moor. 

Thomas de Cornely gave ten acres in Corncly to Neath before 1208. His name frequently occurs as a 
witness about 1253—1258. Thereoocur also ^lward and Wronu de Cornely. Philip was party in 1257 to 
an exchange with Margam ot land near the chapel, and with the cousent of Amabilie, his wifc, he granted 
his minerals of iron and Icad at Cornely to Margam. Maurioe occurs in 1264. 

William de Corneli, of Cornely. 

Pliili]) de Cornely— Amabilie. 
The earliest record of thc name Corncly is tlmt of Williain, whioh occurs betweeu 1149—1183. bishop 
Nioholas. 1153—1183, confirms to Tewkesbury its Glamorgan benefices, includiug ' Capella de Corneli que 



621 



est Villa Thom,' [CXXXVI.], possibly so called from Thomas de Comely, who witnessed varioua 
Charters from 1187—1200, and who gave to Neath the ten aores of arablo land in his fee of Cornely. This 
gift was confiiined by King John in 1208 [CCCXVUI.]. 

William de Corneli may have been a son of Thomas. He oocuis chiefly as a witness to Chartera con- 
nected with Margam or its neighbourhood from 1202 to 1300—1321, so that there may have been two of 
the name, probably father and son. 

Then occurs Philip, son of William de Corneli, who witnesses a convention between Margam and 
W. Frankelein ; and i\gain in I2j7. He occurs also in 12.on. 1258, i261-fi2, and in 12.'»7 was himself party 
to a conventiou with Mnrgsiui concerning an excbauge ot lands, his wife Amabel was then living. He gave 
Margam the lease of iron and lead mines in Corneli. Maurice Corneli was living in 1264 and 1283. 



DXOIII. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN MARGAM ABBEY AND WILLIAM 

FEANKELEIN, CONCERNINa A LBA8E OF LAND AT 

GOYLAKE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 38.] 1258. 

CIROGEAPHUM. 

Hec est oonvencio facta inter abbatem et conventum de Margan ex una parte 
recipientem . et Willelmum Frankelein tradentem ex altera . videlicet quod 
diotus WiLLELMUs dictis abbati et conventui invadiavit imam aoram terre sue 
cum pertinenciis . tenendam et habendam a festo Sanoti Marche ewangeliste anno 
domini m° cC quinquagesimo octavo usque ad finem triginta annorum continue 
subsequentium . pro una maroa argenti sibi ab eisdera premanibus pacata . que 
scilicet jacet inter has divisas et se extendit in longum versus Q-qylake ex parte 
australi . et ex parte boreali versus La Schilue . et in latum jacet inter terram 
Henrici Vachan . ipsam vicinam habens ex parte oocidentali . ex parte vero 
orientali terram dicti abbatis et conventus. Et sciendum quod si dictus 
Willelmus vel heredes sui diotam acram post dictum terminum acquietare 
voluerint : dictam marcam cum custo melioracionis ejusdem terre dictis abbati 
et conventui restituent. SinguUs tamen annis per terminum prefatum de diota 
marca nomine redditus duo denarii remittantur. Et dictus Willelmus vel 
heredes sui dictam acram cum pertinenciis dictis abbati et conventui per totum 



622 



dicti temporis spacium contra omnes mortales warantizabunt. Hanc vero con- 
vencionem sLae dolo ex uti"aque parte tenendara fidei caucione prestita et 
sigillorum suorum impressionibus presens scriptum in modum cjTographi eon- 
f ectiim et inter se divisum altematim munierunt. Hiis testibus . Thoma grammus . 
Philippo de Corneli . Maukicio Gtrammus . Thoma russel . Waltero 

HEREBERT ct aliis. 

Pointed oval seal bearing the figui-e of the Abbot of Margam with crozier and 
book. Between a orescent and star on each side. 

Legend — ' ma ' * 

Friinkelein, or Franklin. is a narae of early aud coutiuual occurrence in tbe weslern part of tlie county 
about Corcellau, and in Gower. William Frankeleyn of Goylake, is party to a convention with Margam, 
in r.'6s, aud ocours as l.vte .a 1267, cbiefly as a witness to loca,! charters, especially tliose coanected witb 
the family of Gramus, with whom the Frankeleyn'a seem to have intermarried. Others as Adam, Jobu, 
and, William, beld land at Bonvilleston, and Thomas, Henry, Jolin, Matthew and Robert occnr in Gower 
about 11)41. 

John B^rankelein Hen was of Parc-Ie-Braose. Thoinag was Abbot of Marg.im in 14o0, and confirnieii & 
donation to tlie abbey in Caerwiggau. 

The Gower branch migrated recently and stUl remain at Clemeustou. Another brauch settled in Car- 
marlbenshire, of whom Walter practised in tbe Marches Court at Ludlow ; and Thomas was Rector of 
Charlton, in Hants, iu 1685. 

Harl. Charter 75 A. 39 is the couuterpart, vvith the sea) of Williani de Bonevile used by William 
Frankelein. See Bircb, Hist. o/ Maryain Abbey, \>. !!)(l. 



DXCIV. 

EXCHANGE BY GILBERT DE TURBEVILLE OF LANDS IN 
NEWCASTLE WITH MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Day before St. Barnabas' Day. 10 June. 1258. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod hec est conventio facta inter dominum 

GiLEBERTUM do TuRBEViLE . cx paite una . Et dominum abbatem et conventum 

de Margan ex parte altera . videlicet . quod predictus Gilebertus dedit in cx- 

carabia dictis abbati et couventui duas acras terre in pei-petuum . habendas et 



623 



tenendas libere . et quiete in feodo de Novo Castello . que jacent juxta viam 
publicam que tendit de Kenefec versus Keyrdif. Et incipiunt a dicta via et 
parte aquilonari . ubi fons oritui- qui Wytewelle nominatur . Et extendunt se 
in longitudine iisque ad semitam ex parte australi . In latitudine vero jacent 
inter terram Thome Cradoc ex parte orientali . et terram Willelmi Godmon ex 
parte occidentali . Pro duabus acris perpetuo habendis et tenendis libere et 
quiete de dictis abbate et conventu que jacentin eodem feodo de Novo Castello . 
quarum una jacet in longitudine juxta sepes de Lageleston' . dictis sepibus 
proxima preter unam acram quam tenet relicta Philippi Dunning . a prenomi- 
natis abbate et conventu . Et incipit a parte orientali et extendit se in longitudine 
in partem occidentalem juxta dictas sepes . Et in latitudine babens terram 
dictorum abbatis et conventus in parte aquilonari et australi . altera vero acra jacet 
in feodo de Tethegestowe . Ultima de terra Walteri Lageles . in parte 
aquilonari . et incipit a via publica ex parte orientali et extendit se in longitu- 
dine versus Torres. Facta autem fuit hec convencio . anno domini m" cc"- l"- 
octavo . pridie ante festum Sancti Barnabe. Que ut stabilis rata . et inviola- 
biliter in perpetuum permaneat . mutuis partibus hujus seripti . in modum 
cirographi confecti . mutiia sigilla sua apposuerunt. Hiis testibus . Roberto de 

CaNTVLOPO . JoHANNE filio WiLLELMI . WlLLELMO le DeNEYS . ElCARDO le 

NoREYs . Wronu ab Cradoc . et aliis. 

Eound seal, dark green wax, imperfect. Uin. diam. A knight. wearing a 
surooat, flat-topped helmet, shield of arms : a chevron (?) ; riding on a horse 
galloping to the right. In his right hand a sword, with the left he holds a hom 
to his mouth. Fine work. 

' -|- SIGI berti 

Endorsed — ' Cyi-ographuni G-ilberti de Turbervilla de excambio duarum 
acranun.' 



624 



DXCV. 

JEWAN AB GWEYE AND HIS SONS ACKNOWLEDGE THEIR 
TRESPASSES AGAIN8T MARGAM ABBEY AT EGLISKEIN- 
WIR OR LLANGEINOR, AND AGREE TO SUBMIT TO 
EXCOMMUNICATION IF THEY BREAK THEIR AGREE- 

MENT. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Feast of SS. Peter and Paul. 29 June. 1258. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus p. et f. ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit. 

Jewan ab GwEYR . et filii ejus . Madoc ab Jewan . Gweyr ab Jewan . 
Jewan Vachan . eternam iu domino salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra quod propter diversas et graves querelas sedandas . 
quas adversum nos habuenmt dominus abbas et conventus de Margan . super 
diversis et gravibus dampnis . a nobis sibi illatis . In blado et pratis . pascuis . 
et nemoribus . quas quidem querelas et injurias . perpetuo nobis condonarunt . 
anno domni m"- cc°- l"- octavo circa festiun beatorum apostolorum Petri et 
Pauli . abjuravimus in perpetuum totam terram dictorum abbatis et conventus . 
de Margan tam apud Eglbskeynwyr quam alibi. Ita quod nunquam terram 
eorum nos . vel homines nostri . nec heredes nostri . vel homines eorum intrabimus 
cum averiis nostris per vim vel fraudera ad eam depascendam . Eo quod nuUum 
jus in eorum ten'a habere nos protestamur. Et insuper jui-avimus quod terras 
eorum et bona mobiUa et immobilia tanquam veri fratres ojusdem domus pro 
posse nostro oontra alios defendemus. Si vero contigerit averia uostra vel 
hominum nostrorum sive herodum nostrorum vel hominmn suorum terminos 
dictorum abbatis et conventus idlo torniino coutra presentem eai'tam nostram 
intrare . vohiraus et concedimus ut paeifice et sine omui contradictioue et 
molestia inparceutur. Uuod si ausu temerario contra patrie consuetudiiiom 
imparcamentum ipsorum prohibueriuuis obliganuis nos et heredes nostros ad 



625 



danduni per singula capita quorumlibet animalium . quorum deforciaverimus 
imparcamentum monachis de Margan pro tedio et dampno sibi illatos unum 
obolum per vices sLngulas. Volumus autem quod si nos vel heredes nostri 
predicte forme fuerimus transgressores . dominus episcopus Lanuavensis qui 
pro tempore fuerit . absque strepitu judiciali nos seu heredes nostros sententie 
excommunicationis et interdicti supponat . donec dictis monachis una cum 
expensis quas eirca hoc negocium fecerint . plenarium jus fecerimus . et si 
aliquem nostrum infra sententiam mori contigerit . volumus et concedimus . ut 
sepultura cimiterii ei denegetur. In cujus rei testimonium ego Jewan ab 
GwETR pro me et heredibus meis in perpetuum obligandis . in curia de 
LiANGUNYTH preseuti scripto sigilhim meum apposui. Et quia prenominati 
filii mei sigilla non habebant . ad peticionem et instanciam nostram . ad 
majorem faciendam seouritatem dominus Willelmus de Radenoure . tunc 
Landavensi episcopus . huic carte nostre sigillum suum apposuit . una oum 
sigillis domini archidiaconi Landavensis . et Willelmi Scurlag' . tunc 
constabularii de Languntth. Hiis testibus . Gtriffith ab Res . Res Voel . 
Madoc Vachan . Lewelin ab Anharoud . Cradoc ab Jareueth . Wronu ab 
Jareuedh . et Willim ab Jareueth et aliis. 
Three seals in dark wax. 

1. A fragment about an inch diameter. Device, a star of eight rays, its 
alternate rays having a sort of trefoiled head. 

Legend — ' an . ab . g. (jewan ab gweyr).' 

2. A foHated bracket, with feet only of the Archdeacon of Llandaff, all the 
rest broken ofE. 

3. A crescent enclosing a martlet looking to the proper left, and below it a 
star. 

Legend— ' + i^' wii^'i scurlag.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Jev.-an ab Gweyr et filiorum ejus de Egleskenwryh et si 
oifenderit sepultura cimiterii ei denegetur.' 

4D 



626 



DXGVI. 

IMPAAVNMENT BY CYROGRAPH, BY THOMAS GRAMUS TO 
MARGAM ABBEY, OF LAND BETWEEN GOYLAKE AND 
LANGELONDE, FOR FOUTY YEARS, FOR A LOAN OF 
TEN MARKS; FOUR-PENCE YEARLY RENT AOCRUING 
TO ONE MARK AT THE END OF THE TERM IN 
REDUCTION OF THE LOAN. 

[Margam Charter.] 

SuNDAY after Easter. 31 March. 1258. 

Hec est conventio facta inter abbatem et conventum de Margan ex parte 
una et Thomam Gramus ex altera videlicet quod idem Thomas inpignoravit dictis 
abbati et conventui per decem maroas ad tempus quadraginta annorum totam 
terram suam et longum et latum infra hos terminos scilicet quicquid terre con- 
tinetur inter rivulum qui dicitur Q-oylake ipsiim rivulum habens ex parte 
australi et terram que vocatur Langelonde ex parte septentrionali . et ex parte 
orientali terram que quondam fuit Henrici Barath . ex parte vero occidentali 
terram Alicie Q-ramus. Totam hanc terram infra dictas divisas cum omnibus 
pertinenciis et libertatibus inpignoravit memoratus Thomas dictis abbati et con- 
ventui ut supradictum est . excepta una acra terre quam Willelmus Fkankeleyn 
de ipso tenet infra easdem divisas. Et sciendum quod singulis annis per 
terminum dictorum quadraginta annorum i-emittentur. iii.i'"- denarii nomine 
redditus de antedictis decem marcis. Ita quod si dictus Thomas vel heredes sui 
post dictos quadraginta annos dietam terram aoquietare voluerint . novem maroas 
juxta rationem pecuuie recepto ot remisse diotis iibbati et couventui restituent. 
Dictus vero Thomas et heredes sui dictam torram . cmn pertineuciis suis toto 
predicto tempore supradictis abbati ot couventui contra omnes mortales waranti- 
zabunt. Facta est autem liou conventio anno domini m"- cc" quinquagesimo 
octavo in octabis Pasche. Et ut liec conventio fii-mitatis robur optineat . dicti 



627 



abbas et conventus . et dictus Thomas presens scriptum in modum cyrographi 
confectum sigillis suis roboraverunt. Hiis testibus . Willelmo Frankeleyn . 
Philippo de Corneli . Mauricio G-ramus . Thoma de Corneli . David 
Wasmeyr et aliis. 

Seal in dark gxeen wax. A fleur-de-lis. 

' + SIGILl' . THOME . GRAMUS.' 

Endorsed — ' Cyrographum Thome Gramus de quadam terra inter Langelonde 
et Goyelake.' 

DXCVII. 

GRANT BY THOMAS GRAMUS TO MARGAM ABBEY OF HALF 
AN ACRE BETWBEN GOYLAKE AND LANGLOND. 

[Margam Charter.] 1258. 

Seiant p. et f. q. e. Thomas Gramus consensu et assensu heredum meorum . 
anno domini m"- cc"- l"- octavo dedi e. e. h. p. e. m. e. D. et e. S. M. de M. et m. 
i. D. s. dimidiam acram terre quam Alicia Gramus quondam de me emit et 
tenuit quam ciuidem dimidiam acram a predicta Alicia redemi. Et jacet in 
longitudine inter Goylake extendens se usque ad terram que dicitm- Langlond . 
et ex utraque parte in latitudine habet terram dictorum domini abbatis et 
conventus quam de me tenent. Tenendam et habendam cum illa tena que 
dicitux Sculue de me et heredibus meis iu puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
adeo libere et quiete sicut uUa elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et ego et 
heredes mei predictam terram eisdem contra omnes homines warantizabimus. In 
cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto sigiUum raeum apposui. Hiis testibus . 
Philippo de Cornely . Willelmo le Frankeley-n . Philippo clerico . Mauricio 
G-ramus . Thomas de Cornely et aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Thome Gramus de rlimidia aera teiTC cum illa teira que 
tlicitur Scilua.' 



628 



DXCVIII. 

MANDATE FEOM HENRY III. TO EICHAED DE CLARE, EARL 
OF GLOUCESTEE, TO PEEVENT LEWELLTN AP GEIFFITH 
FEOM CAEEYING OUT A MAEEIAGE FOE MAEGAEET, 
HIS SISTEE, WHICH IS LIKELY TO DAMAGE THE KING. 

[CoTTON MSS. Nero C. III. f. 191, art. 3.] 

27 March. 42 Henry III. 1258. 

Henricus . Dei gratia Rex Anglie dominus Hibernie . Diix Normannie . 
Aquitanie et comes Andegavie . Dilecto et fideli suo . Eicardo de Clare 
comiti Q-LoucESTRiE et Hertfordie salutem. 

Quia ex relatu quonmdam intelleximiis quod Leulinus filius Gtriffini 
proponit maritare Margaretam sororem suam in loco quo nobis inde dampnum 
posset suboiTiri (sic) . votis mandamus rogantes quatinus omnem diligenciam 
quam poteritis adhibeatis ut ipsam penes vos habere possitis . et cum ipsam 
habueritis . eam salvo custodiatis pro quo dUigenciam vestram et industriam 
commendare debeamus. lu cujus rei testimonium has Uteras nostras fieri 
fecimus patentes. Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium xxvij"- die Martii . 
anno regni nostri xlij°- 

DXCIX. 

GEANT BY WILLIAM DE BONAVILLA TO MAEGAM ABBEY 
OF THE LAND OF THE TEMPLAES. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 B. 17.] Circa 1260. 

Omuibus saiicto ecclesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Willelmus 
de Bonavilla filius Johannis de Bonavilla salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et 
hac carta confinnasse Deo et eoclesie Sancte Marie de Margan et monaehis 
ibidem Deo servieutibus in puram et pei-petuam olemosinam xl. aoras teiTe 
arabilis quas do Tempj,akiis temporo patris moi teuuorunt reddeudo illis 
annuatim pro oiniii scrvicio consuetudiue et exactione xl. denarios. Has xl. 



629 



acras si ego de Templariis dirationare potero eoncessi et confinnavi predictis 
monachis imperpetuum tenendas et habendas de me et heredibus meis libere 
quiete et pacifice et plenarie siciit antea de Tempi.ariis tenuerunt. Scilicet 
reddendo mibi et heredibus meis annuatim pro omni servicio xl. denarios. Hiis 
testibus . Hereberto de Sancto Quintin'o . Willelmo de London' . Waltero 
de Sulia . RiCARDO Flamang . Willelmo de Cantelo . Ricardo sacerdote de 
BoNAViLLA . magistro Radulfo Mailoc . Johanne Torsi . et multis aliLs. 

Seal of pale red wax, slightly oval, f in. by l^in. In the centre the impression 
of a gem bearing the holy lamb and banner, the badge of the Templars. 

Legend — ' sigillvm will'i de bonevilla.' 

Tbis Cluvrter is attested by five of the earliest and most promineut of the foUowers of Fitz Hamon : 
St. Quintin, de Londres, de Sully, Fleming, and Cantilufie ; de Londres being quite at their head in both 
wealth and importance [see No. CLX.], St. Quintin and Cantilupe, cadets of great English families, and 
SoHy and Fleming in the first rank of the local Baronage. For St. Quintin see No. CCXCI. 

William de Cantilo, or Cantilupe, bore a name very widely knowa thronghout the Welsh Marches ; bat 
the actoal connexion of the family of Gower and Cantilupeston with the Barons Cantilupe and the 
canonized bishop of Hereford, has not been ascertained, although various circumstances, beaidee the 
peculiarity of the name and arms, render the connexion more than probable. 

Sir William Cantilupe of Cantleston or Trecantlo Castle, in Merthyr Mawr, is reputed ancestor of 
WiUiam, Elias, and William, three generations allied by various ties with Dunstanville of ComwaU, 
tTmphraville, Vaughan, Butler, de Londres, and de Braose of Glamorgan and Gower. Robert de Cantelow 
tested a Gower deed in 1.304, and a Margam charter [7.> A. 4.3] in 1308. The Welsh pedigrees deduce the 
Lords Cantilupe of Abergavenny from this ancestry ; bnt thia is eiceedingly improhable, and the reverse 
is more likely to be true. It seems certain that Cantleston, Neivton, and Comellau, were couveyed in 
marriage by Joan, the Cantelupe heiress, to Horton, wfaose granddaughter, Jauet, daughter of Jenkin 
Horton, married Riohard, and was mother of the vvell known Sir Matthew Oradock of New Place in 
Swanaea. 

DC. 

BULL OF POPE ALEXAKDER IIII. TO THE CISTERCIAN 
ORDER, ORANTma EXEMPTION FROM ATTENDANCE AT 
STNODS, Etc. 

[Margam Chartes.] 9 Jan. 7th Year. 1261. 
Alexander episcopus servus servorum Dei . dUectis filiis abbati Cistertii 
ejusque coabbatibus et conventibus universis Cistertiensis ordinis . Salutem et 
apostolicam benedictionem. 



630 



Cum a nobis petitur quod justum est et honestum tam vigor equitatis quam 
ordo exigit rationis . ut id per sollioitudiuem offieii nostri ad debitum perduoatui- 
effectum. Ex pai-te siquidem vestra fuit propositum coram nobis . quod lioet 
ordini vestro per privilegia sedis apostolice sit iudultum . ut nidlus episcopus seu 
alia persona ad synodos vel forenses conventus nisi pro fide vos ire compellat aut 
in vos vel monasteria seu etiam personas dicti ordinis excommunicationis . 
suspensionis . aut interdicti sententias promidgare presumat . que si promulgate 
fuerint tamquam contra apostolice sedis indulta i^rolate decemuntur per eadem 
privilegia irrite ac inanes . uichilominus tamen plerique prelati et judiceB 
ordinarii ac alii ecclesiarum rectores eadem privilegia quibus muniti estis 
evacuare superstitiosis adinventionibus molientes asserunt vos pro quavis offensa 
ratione delicti existere fori sui sicque vocantes vos ad plaoita capitula et 
penitentiale forum sicut alios clericos seculares vos super hoc multiplici vexatione 
fatigant . quamquam excessus vestri tam per generale quam etiam eotidiana capitula 
que fiimt in singulis monasteriis vestri ordinis eongrua penitentia puniantur. 
Quare nobis humiliter supplicastis . ut presumptioues talium cohibere pat«rna 
sollicitudine curaremus. Nos igitur attendentes quod etsi ex suscepti cura 
regiminis de universis Sancte matris ecolesie filiis cm-am et sollicitudinem gerere 
teneamui- . de illis tamen specialius cogitare nos convenit qui postpositis vani- 
tatibus seouli jugem impeudimt domino famulatum . ao volentes quieti vestre 
Buper premissis paterna in posterum soUicitudine providere ut uullus vos seu 
monasteriorum vestrorum persouas ad sinodos vel forenses conventus nisi pro fide 
dumtaxat vel hujusmodi placita seu capitula vel forum penitentiale . absque 
mandato sedis apostolice speciali evocare etiam dclieti ratione presumat . raaxime 
cum vos filii abbates punire exeessus quoslibet secimdum statuta vestri ordinis 
parati sitis auctoritate presentium districtius inhibemus . decernentes eadem 
auctoritate sententias si quas hac oocasioue per presumptionem oujuspiam 
proraulgari contigerit irritas et inanes. Salvo in oranibus apostolice sedis 
raandato. Nulli ergo omnino homiuura liceat hauc pagiuara nostre iuhibitionis 



631 



et constitutionis iafringere vel ei ausu temerario contraire. Si quis autem 
liou attemptare presumpserit iudiguationem Omnipotentis Dei et beatorum 
Petri et Pauli apostolorum ejus se noverit incursurum. 

Datum Laterani v. Id. Januarii Pontificatus nostri anno septimo. 

Endorsed — ' Alexander mi"^' ' Q,uod ratione delioti non sumus vooandi ad 
conventus forenses . et est iiij"- in ordine.' 'Alexander iiii"'- Ex parte 
siquidem nostra. De ratione delicti . Q/Uod non sumus vooandi ad oonventus 
forenses.' 

The leaden BuUa of Pope Alexander iiii. is appended by strands of yellow 
and red silk. 

DCI. 

BULL OF POPE ALEXANDEE IIII. IN FAVOUR OF THE 

GISTERCIAN ORDER, THAT THE MEMBERS BE NOT 

PREJUDICED BY ANY SUMMONS RATIONE DELICTI 
SEU CONTRACTUS BY THE ORDINARY. 

[Margam Charter.] 15 Feb. 7th Year. 1261. 

Alexander episcopus serviis servorum Dei . dilectis filiis . abbati Cistercii 
ejusque ooabbatibus et conventibus imiversis Cisterciensis ordinis salutem et 
apostolicam benedictionem. 

Cum felicis recordationis Innocentius . Papa . predecessor noster duxerit 
statuendum . ut exempti quantaoumque gaudeant libertate . nichilomuius tamen 
ratione delioti seu contractus . aut rei de qua contra ipsos agitur rite possint 
coram locorum ordinariis convenu-i . et illi quoad hoc suam iu ipsos juris 
dictionem prout jus esegerit exereere . vos dubitantes ne per constitutionem 
hujusmodi libertatibus et immunitatibus vobis et ordini vestro per privilegia et 
indulgentias ab apostolice sede conoessis . prejudicari valeat . nobis humiliter 
supplicastis . ut providere super hoo indempnitati vostre paterna soUicitudine 



632 



cnraremus. Quia vero ejusdeni ordinis sacra religio sic vos apud nos dignos 
f avore constituit . ut nobis votivum existat . vos ab omnibus per que vobis possent 
provenire dispendia . • immunes libenti animo preservare . vobis auctoritate 
presentium indulgemus . ut occasione constitutionis hujusmodi . nuUum eisdem 
libertatibus et immunitatibus in posterum .prejudicium generetur. Nulli ergo 
omnino hominum liceat hano paginam uostre ooncessionis infringere vel ei 
ausu temerario oontraire. Siquis autem hoo attemptare presumpserit indigna- 
tionem Omnipoteutis Dei et beatorum Petri et Pauli apostolorum ejus se 
noverit iucm'sui'um. 

Datum Lateeani xv. Kalend. Mai"tii . Pontificatus uostri anno septimo. 

The leaden Bulla is wanting. 

Endorsed — 'Alexander iiii. xiiii.,' and ' Quod nova constitutio domlni 
Innocentii . pape . nullum generat prejudicium immunitatibus et libertatibus 
nostris.' In a rauch later hand — ' ludulgences from Pope Alexander the 5 
to the Convent of Margam.' - 

DCII. 

BULL OF POPE ALEXANDEE IIII., CONFIRMING THE POS- 
SESSION OF, AND CONFEREINO VAEIOUS PEIVILEGES 
UPON, MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Chakter.] 

3 March, 7th Year. A.D. 1260 (for 1261). 

Alkxanuer episcopus servus servorum Dei . dileotis filiis . abbati monasterii 
Sancti Marie de Margan ojusquo {rutribus tam preseutibus quam futuris 
regularem vitam professis . in perpetuum. 

Eeligiosara vitam oligontii)us apostoliciim convenit adesse presidiura ne forte 
cujuslibet temoritatis incm-sus aut eos a proposito revocet . aut robur quod absit 
eacre religionis infringat . Ea propt';r dilecti in Domino filii vestris justis postu- 



633 



lationibus clementer annuimus . et monasterium Sancte Dei genitricis et virginis 
Marie de Margan Landavensis dioceseos in quo divino estis obsequio manci- 
pati sub beati Petri et uostra protectione susoepimus . et presentis scripti 
privilegio communimus. In primis siquidem statuentes ut ordo monasticus qui 
seoundum Deum et beati Benedicti regulam atque institutionem Cistercien- 
siUM fratrum a vobis ante concilium generale susceptam in eodem monasterio 
institutus esse dinoscitur perpetuis ibidem temporibus inviolabiliter observetur. 
Preterea quascumque possessiones . quecumque bona ibidem monasterium impre- 
sentiarum juste ac oanonioe possidet . aut in futurum concessione pontificum . 
largitione regum . vel principum oblatione fidelium . seu aliis justis modis 
prestante domino poterit adipisci firma vobis vestrisque successoribus et illibata 
permaneant. In quibus bec propriis duximus exprimenda vocabulis. Locum 
ipsum in quo prefatum monasterium situm est cum omnibus pertinentiis suis . 
de AvENE . de Enysauene . de Hauoto Portarii . de Pennud . de Rossoulvn . 
de Egleskeynur . de Glyngaru . de Hauothalok . de Tyrris . de Meles . 
de MiDDELBER-v^ . de Gardino . de Sancto Michaele . de Kenefeg . de Sturmy . 
de Langewy . de Lanmeuthyn . de Bonevillestona . de Mora juxta Kaerdif . 
de Lestelebont . et de Hosebruge grangias . cum niolendiuis . tems . vineis . 
pisoariis . pascuis . nemoribus . et aliis pertinentiis eorundem . decimas garbarum et 
terras quas in de Kenefeg de Novo Castro de Tedegestowe et de Lageleston 
ecclesiarum paroohiis obtinetis . cum terris . pratis . vineis . nemoribus . usuagiis . 
et pascuis . in bosco et plauo in aquis et molendinis . iu viis et seinitis et omnibus 
aliis libertatibus et iminimitatibus suis. 

Sane laborum vestrorum de possessionibus babitis ante conoilium generale . ac 
etiam novalium que propriis manibus aut sumptibus colitis . de quibus novalibus 
aliquis hactenus non percepit sive de ortis . virgidtis . et piscationibus vestris vel 
de nutrimentis animalium vestrorum nullus a vobis deeimas exigere vel extor- 
quere presumat. Liceat quoque vobis clericos vel laioos liberos et ahsolutos e 
seoulo fugientes ad conversionem recipere . et eos absque contradictione aliqiui 

4e 



634 



retinere. Proliibemus insuper ut nulli fratrum vestrorum post factam in monaa- 
terio vestro professionem fas sit sine abbatis sui licentia de eodem loco discedere . 
discedentem vero absque communium litterarum vestrarum cautione nidlus audeat 
retinere. Quod si quis forte retinere presumpserit . lioitum vobis sit iu ipsos 
monaehos vel oonversos regularem sententiam promulgare. Illud districtius 
inhibentes . ne teiTas seu qiiodlibet benefioium ecclesie vestre collatum lioeat 
alioui personaliter dari sive alio modo alienari . absque consensu totiiis capituli . 
vel majoris aut sanioris partis ipsius. Si que vero donationes aut alieuationes 
aliter quam dictum est facte fuerint . eas irritas esse oensemus. Ad heo etiam 
prohibemus . ne aliquis monaehus sive conversus sub professione vestre domus 
astrictus sine consensu et licentia abbatis et majoris partis capituli vestri pro 
aliquo fidejubeat vel ab aliquo pecuniam mutuo accipiat ultra summam capituli 
vestri providentia constitutam . nisi propter manifestam domus vestre utilitatem. 
Q,uod si facere forte presumpserit . non teneatur conventus pro hiis aliquatenus 
respondere. Licitum preterea sit vobis in causis propriis . sive civilem sive 
ci-iminalem contineant questionem . fratrum vestrorum testimoniis iiti ne pro 
defectu testium jus vestrimi in aliquo valeat deperire. Insuper auotoritate apos- 
tolica prohibemus . ne uUus e}iisoopu8 vel quelibet alia persona ad synodos vel 
conventus forensos vos ii-e . vel judicio seculari de vestra propria substantia vel 
possessionibus vestris subjacere compellat . nec ad domos vestras oausa ordines 
celebrandi . causas tractandi . vel aliquos conventus publicos convooandi . venire 
presumat . nec regularem eleotionem abbatis vestri impediat . aut de institueudo 
vel removendo eo qui pro tempore fuerit . contra statuta Cisterciensis ordinis se 
aliquatenus intromittat. Si vero episcopus in eujus parrochia doraus vestra 
fundata est cum humilitate ac devotione qua convenit requisitus . substitutum 
abbatem benedicoro . et alia que ad offitiuni episeopale pertinent vobis conferro 
renuerit . licitum sit eidom abbati . si tamen sacerdos fuerit . proprios uovicios 
benedieere . et alia que ad officium suum pertineut exercere . et vobis omnia ab 
alio episcopo percipere . que a vestro fuerint indebite deuegata. IUud adicientes . 



635 



ut in recipiendis profesBionibus que a benedictis vel beuedicendis abbatibus 
exbibentur ea sint episcopi fonna et expressione contenti . que ab origine ordinis 
noscitur instituta . ut scilicet abbates ipsi episcopo salvo ordine suo profiteri 
debeant . et contra statuta ordinis sui nullam professionem facere compellantur. 
Pro consecrationibus vero altarium vel ecclesiarum sive pro oleo sancto vel 
quolibet eoclesiastioo sacramento nullus a vobis sub obtentu consuetudinis vel alio 
modo quicquam audeat extorquere . sed bec omnia gratis vobis episeopus diocesa- 
nus impendat. Alioquin liceat vobis quemcumqne malueritis catholicum adire 
autistitem gratiam et communionem apostolice sedis habentem qui nostra fretus 
auctoritate vobis quod postulatur impendat. Quod si sedes diocesani episcopi 
forte vacaverit interim omnia ecclesiastica sacramenta a vicinis episcopis accipere 
libere et absque contradictione possitis. Sic tamen . ut ex hoc in posteriun 
proprio episoopo nullum prejudicium generetur. Quia vero interdum proprii epis- 
copi oopiam non habetis . si quem episoopum Romane sedis ut diximus gratiam 
et communionem habentem . et de quo plenam notitiam habeatis per vos transire 
oontigerit . ab eo benedictionem vasorum et vestium . consecrationes altarium . et 
ordinationes monachorum auctoritate apostolice sedis recipere valeatis. Porro si 
episcopi vel alii ecclesiarum rectores in monasterium vestrum vel personas iuibi 
constitutas suspensionis . excommunicationis vel interdicti seutentiam promui- 
gaverint . sive etiam in merceimarios vestros pro eo quod decimas sicut dictum 
est non persolvitis . sive aliqua occasione eorum . que ab apostolica benignitate 
vobis indulta sunt . sen benefactores vestros pro eo quod aliqua vobis benefitia vel 
obseqma ex caritate prestiterint . vel ad laborandum adjuverint in illis diebus iu 
quibus vos laboratis et alii feriantur eandem senteutiam protuleriut . ipsam 
tanquam contra sedis apostolice indulta prolatam decemimus irritandam. Nec 
littere ille fii"mitatem habeant . quas tacito nomine Cisterciensis ordinis et contra 
iudulta apostolioorum privilegiorum constiterit impetrari. Preterea cum commune 
interdictum terre fuerit . liceat vobis nichilominus in vestro monasterio exclusis 
excommunicatis et interdiotis . divina ofiicia celebrare. Paci quoque et tranquil- 



636 



litati vestre paterna in posterum sollieitudine providere volentes . auctoritate 
apostolica prohibemus . ut infra olausuras locorum seu grangiarum vestrarum 
nullus rapinam seu f urtum faeere . ignem apponere . sanguinem f undere . hominem 
temere capere vel interficere . seu violentiam audeat exercere. Preterea omnes 
libertates et immunitates a predecessoribus nostris Eomanis pontifioibus ordini 
vestro concessas . necnon libertates et exemptiones secularium exactionum a 
regibus et principibus vel aliis fidelibus rationabiliter vobis indultas auctoritate 
apostolica confirmamus et presentis scripti privilegio comraunimus. 

Decernimus ergo ut nuili omnino hominum liceat prefatum monasterium 
temere pertm'bare aut ejus possessiones auferre vel ablatas retinere . minuere . 
seu quibuslibet vexationibus fatigare . sed omnia integra conserventm' . eorum 
pro quorum gubernatione ac sustentatione concessa sunt usibus omnimodis profu- 
tura. Salva sedis apostolice auctoritate iu predictis decimis moderatione conoilii 
generalis. Si qua igitur in futurum ecelesiastica secularisve persona hanc nostre 
constitutionis paginam sciens . contra eam temere venire temptaverit secimdo 
tertiove commonita nisi reatum suum congrua satisfactione correxerit . potestatis 
honorlsque sui careat dignitate . reamque se divino judicio existere de perpetrata 
iniquitate cognosoat . et a sacratissimo corpore et sanguine Dei et domini redemp- 
toris nostri Jhesu Christi aliena fiat . atque in extremo examine districte 
subjaceat ultioni. Cunctis autem eidem loco sua jura servantibus sit pax domini 
nostri Jhesu Ohristi quatinus et hic fructum boue actionis percipiant et apud 
districtum judicem premia eteme pacis inveniant. Amen. Amen. Amen. 

The sentenoes in the circular devioe at the foot are : — 

t SanctuB Petrus . Sanctus P.\ulus . Alexander papa iiii"^- Suscipe domine 
servum tuum iu bouum (Psal. cxviii. 122). Ego Alexander catholice ecclesie 
episcopus. S'. ' Bene valete,' in a monogram. 

t Ego Odo Tusculanus episcopus. S'. 

t Ego Stephanus Prenestinus episoopus. S'. 

t Ego frater Joiiannes' titulo Sancti Laurentii in Lucina . presbiter 
cardinalis. S'. 



637 



t Ego RiCARDCs^ Sancti Angeli diaconus cardinalis. S'. 

t Ego OcTAviANUs' Sancte Marie in Via Lata diaconus cardinalis. S'. 

t Ego JoHANNEs^ Sanoti Nicholai in carcere Tulliano diaconus 
cardinalis. S'. 

t Ego Ottobonus"' Sancti Adriani diaconus cardinalis. S'. 

Datum Laterani per manum magistri Jordani Sauote Romane ecclesie 
notarii et vicecancellarii . v. Non. Martii. Lidiotione lu. incamationis Dominiee 
anno m°- cc°- lx°- . pontificatus vero donni Alexandri . pape iiu. anno septimo. 

The leaden Bulla of the Pope is appended by strands of red and green silk. 

Endorsed in a later hand — ' Alexander 4.' 

(1) De Tolleto. Vlde Potthast, Regetta, Vol. II., pp. 1472-a. 

(2) Hannibaldensis de Molaria. ib. 

(3) Ubaldinus. ib. 

(4) Gaietanus. «4. 

(5) De Flisco, comes Laveniae. ib. 



DOIII. 

GRANT BY MILO, SON OF CADIUOR, TO MARGAM ABBEY 

OF LAND IN PENVEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituiis Milo filius 
Oadiuor salutem in Domino. 

Noveritis me consilio et assensu avunculorum meorum Milonis et Urbani et 
aliorum amicorum meorum dedisse et concessisse et hac carta mea confinnasse 
D. et e. B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et 
successorum meorum quandam porcionem teire mee de Penvei . scUioet . circiter 
octo acras terre que jacent inter veterem viam que vadit versus La Rigge per 
medium virg\iltum quod appellatur Hanginge Q-roue . et tres acras subtus 
laoum que fuerunt in calumpnia inter avunculos meos et predictos monachos et 



638 



omnem terram meam qiie est ab occidente laci et tendit usque ad ter[m]ino8 
terre Hereberti Scurlage . et terram illam quam Johannes Kayrus avus 
meus dedit eisdem monachis in puram elemosinam . sicut earta quam inde 
habent testatur. Ut liabeant et teneant dicti monachi dictas teiTas de me et 
heredibus meis . libere et quiete et pacifice ab omni seculari servitio . con- 
suetudine et exactione sicut uUa elemosina liberius et quietius haberi potest 
vel teneri in perpetuum. Et ego et heredes mei dictas torras dictis monachis 
warantizabimus contra omnes homines et feminas imperpetuum. Hiis testibus. 
Entitled — ' Carta Milonis filii Cadivor . de viii. acris apud Penvey.' 



DCIV. 

GKANT BY HILO DE PENVEY TO MAEGAM ABBEY OF 

LAND IN PENVEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 4L] 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris . Mylo de 
Penvey salutem in Domino. 

Sciatis me consilio et assensu Worgani fratris mei et aliorum amicorum 
meorum dedisse coucessisse et hac oarta mea confirmasse D. et e. B. M. de M. et 
m. i. D. s. pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et successorum meorum 
quandam portionem terre mee de Penuey . scilicet circnter octo aoras terre que 
jacent intor veterem viam que vadit versus La Rigge per mediura virgultum 
quod appellatur Huntinggroue . et teiTam illam quam Johanne Kairus 
pater meus dedit eisdem monachis in puram elemosinam . sicut carta quam inde 
habent . testatur. Ut habeant et teneant dicti mouachi diotam terram de me et 
heredibus raeis libere . quiete . et pacifice ab omni seculari ser^-itio . consuetu- 
dine et exaotione . siout uUa elemosina liberius et quietius haberi potest vel 
teneri in perpotuum. Et ego d hevedes nioi diotam lermm (liotis monachis 



639 



warantizabimus contra omnes homines et feminas in perpetuum. Hiis testibus . 
Radulpho clerico de Novo Castro . Roberto de Cantelo . Willelmo filio 
Wronu . Matjricio . Kenewrego et Philtppo filiis Tago . et multis aliis. 

Round seal, dark green wax, lin. diam., an escallop shell, inverted. 
' + sigill' milon' de p'nvei.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Milonis de Penuey de viii. acris terre,' and in a later hand, 
' apud Penvey.' 

DCV. 

GRANT BT ROBERT RUSSEL, OF PENVET, TO MARGAM 
ABBET, OF LAND NEAR EWENNT. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 49.] 

St. Ambrose's Day. 4 April (?) 1261. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Robertus Russel de Penuey filius 
Mileth . consilio et assensu Agnetis uxoris mee et heredum meorum pro salute 
anime mee . et parentum meorum . dedi et concessi et hac presenti oarta mea 
confirmavi Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus . in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . duas acras terre mee cum 
pertinentiis . que jacent inter Pendentem gravam ex parte aquilonari . et viam 
que tendit de Ewenny versus Langunith ex parte australi. Et insuper duas 
acras et dimidiam aoram prati mei cum pertinentiis que jacent siibtus predictam 
viam ex parte aquilonari et terram predictorum abbatis et conventus in parte 
australi. Habendas et tenendas de me et heredibus meis . libere . et quiete . 
atque pacifice . siae omni servicio exaotione . et demanda . sicut idla elemosina 
liberius potest teneri et possideri. Dicti quidem viri religiosi maxime mee 
indigencie compassi . de sexaginta solidis sterUngorum . et multis alus benefieiis . 
intuitu pietatis urgentissime mee subvenerimt necessitati. Ego vero et heredes mei 
predictam terram supradictis viris religiosis . contra omnes homines in perpetuum 



640 



■warantizabimus. Et ut hec mea donacio . et concessio que facta fuit . anno 
Domini . milesimo . ducentesimo . sexagesimo primo . circa festum beati 
Ambrosii in perpetuum rata et stabilis permaneat . presenti scripto sigillum 
meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Thoma Grammus . Thoma senescallo . Thoma 
EussEL . RoGERo Haft' . Waltero Ruddoc . Willelmo . Fkankeleyn . et 
multis aliis. 

Pip-sbaped or pointed-oval seal, dark green wax, imperfect, l£in. by l^in. 
Device, a fleur-de-lis, inverted. 

' [-|- s' . r]ob'ti . r[ussel . fil'] miloni[s].' 

Eudorsed — ' Garia Roberti Russel de Penvey de duabus acris terre arabilis. Et 
de duabus acris et dimidia prati.' 

The pedigree is-(CCX., DCm., DCIV.) 

.Tohn Kavrus. 



Cadiuor = Milo. Urban. 



Milo, or Mileth = Worgan. 

Kobert Russel of Penvey = Agnes. 
' Pendentem gravam ' is the hanging grovi^ of No. DCIII., which bccomes Hiinting grove in DCIV. 
The copy on the ilargaui Abbey roll omils the witnesse». 



DCVI. 

MORTGAGE BY THE SAME TO MARGAM ABBEY OF LAND 
NEAR EWENNY FOR FORTY YEARS. 
[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 50.] St. Ambrose's Day. 1261. 
Omuibus Christi fidelibus presentibus et ffuturis ad quos presens scriptimi 
pervenerit . Robertus Russel de Penuey filius Mileth eternam iu Domino 
salutem. 

Noveritis me auno Domini . m"- cc" sexagesimo primo . circa festum Sancti 
Amdrosii invadiasse domino abbati . et couventui de Margan duas aoras terre 



641 



mee ciun pertinentiis . que jacent inter pendentem gravam ex parte aquilonari . 

Et viam que tendit de Ewenny versus Langunith in parte australi . Et insuper 

duas acras et dimidiam prati mei cum pertinentiis . que jaeent subtus predictam 

viam . ex parte aquilonari . Et terram predictorum abbatis et oonventus in parte 

australi . per spacium quadraginta annorum sequencium . pro sexaginta solidis 

sterlingorum . quos ad urgentissimam necessitatem meam ab eisdem in legali 

moneta percepi . Una cum undecim solidis et octo denariis quos pro redditu pre- 

limitate terre per spacium dictorum quadi'aginta annorum ab ipsis pre manibus 

acoepi . ad urgentissimam necessitatem meam. Et ego et heredes mei pi'edietam 

terram predictis viris religiosis per dictam spacium quadragiuta annonim et ultra . 

doneo predictam pecuniam sexaginta solidorum receperint . liberam et quietam . 

ab omni exaotione . et demanda . et servicio seculari contra omnes bomines 

warantizabimus . Et si dictam terram dictis viris religiosis warautizare non 

potero . ego vel heredes mei de alia terra mea conipetenti dictis viris satisfaciemus. 

In oujus rei testimonium presenti scripto sigillum meam apposui. Hiis testibus . 

Kenewrech ab Jhago . Philippo filio Willelmi ab Wronu . E.adulfo filio 

Wronu . Petro fratre ipsius Radulfi . Adam ab Elioth . et aliis. 

Pip-shaped or pointed-oval seal, green wax, imperfect. As in Harl. Charter 

75 C. 49.— DCV. 

' + s' r[ob't]i ru fil' M . . . ONIS.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta E,oberti Russel de Penvey de invadiatione duarum acrarum 

terre arabilis . et duarum aorarum et dimidie prati pro lx*- solidis.' 

DCVII. 

RELEASE BY THE SAME OF A RENT OF FOURPENCE 

YEARLY, ETC, TO MARGTAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C 51.] 

Palm Sunday. 17 April. 126L 
Seiant presentes et ffuturi . Quod ego Robertus Russel . de Penuey . ffilius 
MiLONis' auno Domini . m" cc" sexagesimo primo eii"ca Dominioam Palmarum 

4 F 



642 



oonsilio et assensu Agnetis uxoris mee . et Thome heredis mei . et aliorum 
amicorum meorum remisi in perpetuum D. et e. B. M. de Makgan ac m. i. D. s. pro 
me et omnibus heredibus meis . redditum quatuor denariorum quos annuatim ad 
festum omnium Sanetorum sicut anteeessores mei . solebam ab eisdem accipere . 
pro omnimoda oommuna terre mee . et onmibus aisiamentis que sibi et omnibu» 
suis animalibus viderint utilia esse. Et ego et heredes mei dictam communam 
tocius terre mee . liberam et quietam sine omni redditu dictis monaehis de 
Margan warantizabimus . in perpetuum. Dono etiam predictis monachis et 
concedo et hac presenti carta mea confirmo . liberum iter ingressum . videlicet 
et egressum . per medium prati mei . et terre mee arabilis . ad omnia sua animalia 
ad pasturam terre sue proprie ducenda et reducenda . ubi sibi viderint expedire. 
Et si marla . reperta fuerit in terra mea . vel vena mine ferri aut phunbi . omnia 
que sibi fuerint necessaria . dicti monachi libere et quiete aocipiant . in perpe- 
tuum. Pro hae autem predieti redditus quatuor denariorum per annum . per- 
petua condonacione et predictarum libertatum in terra mea perpetua donacione . 
et confinnacione . dederunt michi predicti monachi non pauca beneficia in 
urgentissuua necessitate mea . pietate inducti. Ego vero . et heredes mei . 
predictas libertates in tota terra mea . sine omni redditu . Hbere quiete et paoifice 
utendas . contra omnes homines warantizabimus in perpetuum. In cujus rei 
confirmacionem et testimonium . sigiUura meum presenti carte mee apposui. TTis 
testibus . Thoma de Sullia . Willelmo le Flemmeng . Philippo de Corneli . 
"WiLLELMo le Fhankeleyn . Thoma Gramus et aliis. 

Round seal, dark green wax, lin. diam. A rosette of eight leaves. 

' + s' ROBERTI : FILII : MILOTI : ' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Roberti Russel de Penvey.' 

(I) Thi« u Milo fil. Cadivor of DCIIL 



643 



DCVIII. 
GRANT BY PHILIP, SON OF WILLIAM DE PENVEY, OF 
LAND CALLED LANGAKEE, AT PENVEY (?) TO MARGAM 

ABBBY. 

[Hakl. Chaktek, 75 C. 40.] 

Palm Sunday. 17 April. A.D. 1261. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Philippus filius Willelmi de Penuey . 
consilio et assensu amiconim meorum pro salute anime mee et predecessorum 
meorum . dedi et coneessi et hac presenti carta mea confii-mavi D. et e. B. M. de 
Margan et m. i. D. s. in pm'am et perpetuam elemosinam duas acras et dimidiam 
cum pertinenciis terre arabilis que vocantxir Langakek . quanim una pars se 
tendit versus occidentem usque ad Marputte . et altera versus orientem usque ad 
SoRTACRE . inter terram monachorum et meam . et trcs quarterias prati que 
jacent inter Suueyshulle et terram predictorum monachorum que vocatur 
Decem acre. Habendas et tenendas de me et heredibus meis . libere et quiete 
atque pacifice . sine omni servieio . exaecione . secta . et seculari demanda . sicut 
uUa elemosina liberius potest teneri et possideri. Dicli quidem viri religiosi 
maxime mee iudigencie compassi de sesaginta solidis sterliugorum et multis aliis 
beneficiis intuitu pietatis urgentissune mee necessitati subvenerunt. Ego vero et 
heredes mei predictam terram supradictis viris religiosis contra omnes homines 
inpei-petuum warantizabimus. Et ut hec mea donacio et concessio que facta fuit . 
anno . domini . m"- cc"- sexagesimo primo juxta dominicam in ramis palmarum 
inperpetuum rata et stabilis pei-maneat presenti scripto sigillum meum apposui. 
Hiis testibus . Thoma Gramus . Willelmo Frankelayn . Philippo clerieo . 
Thoma Stiward . Gedeman . et aliis. 

Roimd seal, dark green wax, liu. diam. A star of eight points. 
' + si' : PHi' : FiLii : v\'ill'.' 

Endorsed — ' Cai-ta Philippi filii Willelmi de Penvej' de duabus (s/c) terre et 
dimidia.' 



644 



DCIX. 

GEANT BY THOMAS GEAMMUS TO HIS BEOTHEE MAUEICE 
GEAMMUS OF LAND AT GOYLAKE. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 12.] Ciroa 1261. 

Sciant presentes et fiituii . quod ego Thomas Grammus . consilio et assensu 
YsoTE uxoris mee . et herediun meorum . dedi et concessi . et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmavi Mauricio Grammus fratri meo . quatuor acras et dimidiam 
terre arabilis . quarum due jacent juxta terram Henrici Baret . in orientali 
parte . et due jaoent juxta terram Hugonis Juvenis . in ooeidentali parte. Et 
ille due se extendunt a magna via usque ad Goylake. Dimidia vero acra jacet 
inter terram monaohorum de Margan . quam habuerunt ex dono Hugonis 
Q-rammus et terram Thome Q-rammus . in longum versus Q-oilake . tenendas 
et habendas sibi et heredibus suis . de me et heredibus meis . libere . et quiete. 
Eeddendo inde annuatim mihi et heredibus meis . ipae et heredes sui . quatuor 
denarios ad Ockeday . pro omni servitio et seeulari exaetione . et demanda. Pro 
hao vero donatione et coneessione mea . predictus Mauricius mihi pacavit . tres 
marcas argenti . et octodecim denarios. Ego vero Thomas Q-rammus et heredea 
mei . predioto Mauricio Qrammus et heredibus suis . predictas quatuor acras et 
dimidiam . contra omnes mortales warenti^abimus in perpetuum. Ut autem heo 
donatio mea et conoessio . rata et stabilis inperpetuum perseveret . hoc presens 
scriptum sigilli mei imjjressione roboravi. His testibus. Waltero Luubl . 

EOGERO QrAMMUS . WlLLELMO de CoRNELY . WlLLELMO CoLE . WlLLELMO 

Fkankeleyn . HuGONE Walensi . Philippo . David . et multis aliis. 
Endorsed — ' Carta Mauricii Qramus de quatuor acris terre et dimidia.' 



645 



DCX. 

GEANT BT THOMAS GEAMTJS OF AN ACEE OF LAND AT 
GEETEHULLE FOE THIETY SHILLINGS, AND A EENT 
OF ONE PENNY TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1261. 

Universis Christi f. p. s. v. et a. Thomas Gramus salutem in Domino. 

Noveiit universitas vestra me pre manibus accepisse a domino abbate de 
Margan et ejusdem loei conventu . anno domini m"- cc°- sexagesimo primo in 
denariis et aliis rebus valorem triginta solidorum argenti pro una acra terre 
arabilis cum pertinentiis . que jacet super Gtretehulle juxta terram predietorum 
monachorum ex parte ocoidentali et se extendit in longum in parte aquilonari . a 
prato dicti Thome Gtramus quod jacet juxta Qoyelac usque ad terram Walteri 
LuuEL versiis paxtem australem et continet in latitudine quantitatem quinque 
virgarum. Eeddendo mibi et heredibus meis inde annuatim unum denarium ad 
festum omnium Sanctorum quamdiu predictam terram tenuerint. Ita tamen quod 
si ego et heredes mei dictam terram revoeare voluerimus . predictis abbati et 
conventui de triginta solidis plenarie satisfaciemus . domini Eegis vel eomitis 
aHqua prohibicione non obstante. In cujus rei testimonium huic scripto sigillum 
meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Waltero Luvel . Willelmo clerico . Phihppo 
olerico de Kenefeg . Philippo de Cornelt . Willelmo Frankeletn . Mauricio 
GrRAMUs . Willelmo Luuel et multis aKis. 

Seal in dark green wax, as akeady described. 

Endorsed — ' lu*- Carta Thome Grramus de xxx"- solidis.' 



646 



DCXI. 

GHANT IN FEE BY THOMAS GRAMUS OF AN ACRE AT 
GEETEHULLE TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Oharter.] 21 Dec. 1261. 

Sciant p. et f. quod ego Thomas Gramus consilio et assensu Ysoude uxoris 
mee et heredum dedi et o. et h. p. c. confirmavi D. et e. B. M. de M. et m. i. D. 
s. in p. et p. e. p. sal. a. m. et a. et s. m. unam aoram terre que jacet super 
Gretehulle juxta terram predictorum monachorum ex parte occidentali . et se 
extendit in longum in parte aquilonari . a prato predicti Thome Gramds quod 
jacet juxta Goylac usque ad teiTam Walteri Luuel . versus partem australem 
et continet in latitudine quantitatem quinque virgarum cum omnibus libertatibus 
et liberis consuetudinihus sicut ulla elemosina 1. et m. d. potest. Ego vero 
Thomas Gramus et heredes mei predictam terram predictis monachis eontra 
omnes mortales inperpetuum waientizabimus. Et ut hec mea donacio et 
concessio facta anno Domini millesimo ducentesimo sexagesimo primo ad festum 
Sancti Thome apostoli fii-ma et inconcussa permaneat in posterimi . presenti 
scripto .sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Waltero Luvel . Willelmo 
olerico . Phihppo clerieo de Kenefeg . Philippo de Corneli . Willelmus 
Frankelein . Mauricto Gramus . Willelmo Luuel et multis aliis. 

Seal as usual for Thomas Gramus in dark green wax. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Thome Graraus de una acra tcrre.' 

DCXIL 

SALE BY THOMAS GRAMMUS OF A RENT OF FIVE 
FENCE TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Hakl. Charter, 75 C. 13.] Circa 1261. 

Universis Christi fidelibus . presen.s seriptum visuris . vol audituris . Thomas 
Gra.mmus salutem in Domino eteniani. 



647 



Noverit universitas vestra me vendidisse abbati et conventiii de Margan . 
reditum quinque denariorum in quibus mibi tenebantur nomine reditus . 
Boilioet. In quatuor denariis de terra que fuit Mauricii fratris mei . et uno 
denario de ffeudo meo . pro quatuor solidis sterlingorum . quos quidem quatuor 
solidos . predicti monachi mihi pacaverunt in urgentissima necessitate mea. Ego 
vero Thomas et heredes mei . hanc vendicionem meam . predioto abbati et 
oonventui contra omnes homines imperpetuum warentizabimus. Et ut heo 
venditio mea firmitatis robur in posterum optineat . presenti soripto sigillum 
meum apposui. Hiis testibus . Waltero Lovel . Philippo de Corneli . 
WiLLELMO Ffrankeleyn . Philippo clerico . Mauricio Grammus . et aliis. 

Fine seal in green wax, as in Harl. Charter, 75 C. 11. 

Endorsed — ' Carta Thome Grammus de relaxatione redditus quinque 
denariorum.' 

DCXIII. 

GRANT BY MAURICE CROC OF LANDMAYS, TO WILLIAM 
MAUDUT AND JOHANNA HIS WIFE, OF NINE ACRES 
OF LAND IN LANDMAYS FEE, NEAR COWBRIDGE. 

[Brit. Mus. Add. Charter, 26,707.] Circa 1262. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Mauricius Croc de Landmays dedi con- 
cessi et hao presenti oarta mea confirmavi Willelmo Maudut et Johanne uxori 
sue novem acras terre arabilis de libero tenemento meo in feodo de Landmays 
quarum quatuor acre jacent oontinue ad locum qui vocatui" ' Coppede thorn ' inter 
tenementum meum in parte australi et terram quam ipsi tenent de me in parte 
boriaU et extendunt ab occidente versus orientem super semitam que ducit de 
Landmays versus Covbruge et una acra jacet ad caput dictorum quatuor 
aorarum in parte occidentali que vocatur 'Fot acer ' . et due acre jacent juxta 
le CuRRUC in parte orientali et exteadu[n]t ab austro . versus partem borialem 
super viam que vocatur 'Curruovey' . et due acre jaoent in ocoidentali parte le 



648 



CuRRUc inter terram meam et terram pertinentem ad ecclesiam de Landmays 
unde unum eapud tendit versus partem borialem super terram meam et reliquum 
caput tendit versus partem australem super terram tunc Stephani Gtrant. 
Tenendum et habendum de me et heredibus meis dictis Willelmo et Johanne 
et heredibus eorum vel assignatis libere et quiete bene et in pace imperpetuum. 
R«ddendo inde annuatim michi et heredibus meis dicti "Willelmcs et Johanna 
et heredes eorum vel assignati unum denarium argenti ad festum Sanoti 
Michaelis pro omnibus serviciis querelis auxiliis sectis curiarum releviis heriotis 
wardis consuetudinibus et omnimodis secularibus demandis. Pro hac autem mea 
donatione concessione et presentis carte mee confirmacione . dederunt michi dicti 
Willelmi's et Johakna decem marcas esterlingorum premanibus in ingressu. 
Et ego Maukicius et heredes mei dictam terram dictis Willelmo et Johanne et 
heredibus eorum vel assignatis contra omnes homines et feminas warentizabimus 
acquietabimus et defendemus imperpetuum. Et ut hec mea donacio et concessio 
rata et stabilis permaneat presentem cartam sigilli mei inpressione roboravi. 

Hiis testibus . Willelmo Thusard . Ricardo de Reygni . Hamundo 
Lath.\m . HuGONE Stgin . Johanne filio Petri . RicARDo Fronkeletn . 
JoHANNE de ecclesia beate Maur' {sic) et multis [aliis.] 

DOXIV. 

GRANT BY JOHN DE KENEFEGH, BURGESS OF BRISTOL, 
OF A CRANNOC OF WHITE SALT YEARLY, OTJT OF A 
BRISTOL TENEMENT TO MARQAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 126L 

Carta Joh.\xnis dk Kenkfeg burgensis de Bristollia de uno cranoco 

albi salis. 

Omnibus Ch. f p. c. v. v. a. Johannes de Kenefegh . burgensis de Bristollia . 
salutem in Domino. 



649 



Noverit universitas vestra me pro salute anime mee . antecessonun meorum . 
et suceessorum meorum . declisse et concessisse et h. p. c. m. confirmasse Deo et 
monasterio S. M. de M.^rgan . et monaehis i. D. s. in puram et pei-petuam 
elemosinam . unum erannocimi alti salis . solvendima dictis monachis . et eonmi 
successoribus . vel eonmi certo attomato singiilis annis ad festum Sancti Michaeijs 
in pei-petuum . de tenemento meo in Bristollia . quod jacet in vico qui 
vocatur Smalestrete . inter tenementum Ricardi Corteys . ex parte una . et 
eimiterium Sancte Werburge ex altera. Ego vero dictus Johannes . et heredes 
mei warentizabimus et adquietabimus dictum erannocum solvendum de predicto 
tenemento dictis monachis . et eonim successoribus contra omnes mortales in 
perpetuum. Et ut hec mea donacio . et concessio . et hujus presentis carte mee 
confirmacio rata permaneat . et stabilis inperpetuum . presentem cartam sigUli 
mei inpressione firmiter roboravi. 

Hiis testibus . Roberto Kilmaynan . timc maiore^ Bristollie . Johanne 
de Berewik . et Reginaldo Golde tunc ejusdem ville prepositis . Rogeeo de 
Berkam . SvMONE clerico . WiLLELMo BArMiTND . GiLLEBERTo spiciario . 
WiLLELMO RusEL . WiLLELMO le Blltnd . WiLLELMO de Martnes . et multis 
aliis. 

(1) A.D. 126L (Barrett.) 



DCXY. 

EXTENT OE THE COUNTY OF GLAMORGAN. 

[Present reference, but liable to alteration : — Extents. Exchequer. Q.R. 

RoLL 39.] 1262 ? 

Extenta comitatus de Glammorgan facta per sacramentum Roberti de 

SUMERI . WiLLELMI le FlEMMENC . JOHANNIS lc NoRREIS . HeNRICI OdIN . 

Willelmi Juel [Ivel], Willelmi de Barri . Ivel filii Roberti . Simonis 
de BoNEviLE . Adami Walensis . Elie Basset . Philippi de Nereberd . et 

4 G 



650 



Philippi le SooR. Qui jm-ati dicuat quod redditus Kberorum tenenciuta 

comitatus Id. Et de -wardis feodorum militum xu/i. v.v. Et de plaoitis 

et perquisitis comitatus per estimacionem xxxli. 

Summa . . . li. viun. ud. 
Feoda Militum. 

[EoBERTUs] de [So]mer[i] tenet iii. feoda et dimid Dinas Powis et 

per estimacionem valent i,xli. 

JoHANNES de OoGAN tenet ii. feoda in Oogan et valent xli. 

Heres Q-ilberti de Costantin i. feodum in Costantinestun valet xli. 

Walterus de Sulye iiii. feoda scilicet ii. feoda in Sulye cum pertiueuciis 
valent xxli. et ii. feoda in Wenvo valent x/(. 

Walterus de Gloucestria dimidiam feodi in Wrenchestun valet c. solidos. 

Willelmus le Soor i. feodum in Sanoto Fagano valet xli. 

Willelmus Corbet tenet iii. feoda in capite in Sancto Nicholao et tenentur 
de eodem in feodum. 

GiLBERTUs Umfravile iiii. feoda in Penmarc cum pertinenciis et valent lxH. 

WiLLELMUS de Kayrdiif dimidiam feodi in Lanririd valet xli. 

Philippus de Nereberd iiii. feoda in Abrerthawe oum pertinenoiis 
valent xvli. 

Adam Walensis j. feodum in Landochhe valet xli. 

Johannes le N[orreis] ii. feoda in Penthlin valent xv/i. 

WiLLELMUs de WiNCESTRE j. feodum in Landau valet xv/i. 

In Lanmais j. feodum de quo Walterus de Sulie tenet ii. partes valont x/i. 
et heres Gilberti de Oostantin tertiam partem valet c. solidos. 

Thomas de Haweye j. feodum in Sancto Donato et valet x/i. In Marcros j. 
feodum quod lieres Ricardi le Butiler tenere debet valet xli. 

Hawisia de Londino iui. feoda in Uqgemor valent xjJi. 

Daniei. Siward j. feodum in Merthur Maur valet xv/i. 

Adam de Piretone quartam partem in Nova Villa valet xv/i. 



651 



Abbas de Morgan j. feodum in Langewy. 

GiLBEKTUs TuRBEKviLLE tenet Honorem del Coytiif cum pertinenciis per 
serjanciam venatus valet lx//. 

Elias Basset tenet dimidiam feodi in Sancto Hyllario et valet x/i. 

Philippus de Nereberd quartam partem in Lancovian valet lx. solidos. 

Noviter Feofati. 

FuLco de Santford teuet quartam partem in Lecwithhe et valet xvii. 

Henricus de Sulye quai-tam in Pentirech que ante tempus pacis valuit xls. 

WiLLELMUs ScuRLAG tenet quartam in Lanhary valuit xln. 

Gilbertus TuRBERviLLE tenet decimam partem iu Novo Castro valet xli. 

Eogerus de Clifford dimidiam feodi in Kenefeis valet xxxli. 

WiLLELMus Mayloc dimidiam feodi in Capella valet xx. solidos. 

Morganus Vochan tenet dimidiam cummod in Bagelan per Walescariam et 
non facit aliquod servicium nisi heriettum videlicet equum et arma cum moriatur. 

Duo filii Morgani ab Cadewalthan tenent dimidiam cummod in G-linro- 
THENi et non faciimt aliquod servicium nisi ut supra. 

Griffid ab Rees tenet ii. cummods in Seingeniht, et Morediht ab Q-riffid 
tenet J. cummod iu Machhein ut supra dicti. 

Robertus de Sumeri. Willelmus le Flemmenc. 

JOHANNES le NORREIS. HeNRICUS OdIN. 

WiLLELMUs JuEL [Ivel]. Willelmus de Barri. 

IvEL filius Roberti. Simon de Boneville. 

[Nomen amissum.] Elias Basset. 

Philippus de Nereberd. Philippus le Soor. 
Endorsed — ' Comitatus de GHamorgan.' 

Of the Odyns very little is known, but tbe uame Odyn is peciiliar, and they may have bestowed it 
' upon the sniiill sub-manor in Penmark, known as Odyn Fee, which has also, with lesa probability, been 
attributed to Odo le Sor. 

Henry Odin was a juror for the Extent of Cardiif in circa 1262, and also witnesses a Charter. 

In 1339, Joan, widow of Eobert le Soor, held land in Penmark. She was the daughter of Thomas Odyn 
[DCCCCLXXII.] 



652 



John Odyu helda burgess in Cardiff iu l'2i)0, and vvitnessed Charters iu 12W [DCCLXII.] aud in 1;h13 
[DCGCLXXXIX.] 

Coustantinestun or Costou is a parish or mauor on the Ely, not far from Cardiff, probably so called 
from the Coustantine family, of vvhom Gilbert de Ooustantine tested a quit claim [CXXXI.] by Keneithur 
ab Herbert, circa 1151 ; circa 1'262 the heir of Gilbert held a fee in Constantinestun, valued at £10, and 
one third part of a fee in Llanmais. at lOOs., of which Walter de SuUy held twO parts at £10, so that the 
whole tee stood at £15. Robert de Constantiu, iu 11G6, was charged scutage under William Earl of 
Gloucester, for one knight, as was Galfrid de Oonstantine, in 1211-12 ; he also held Orchardston, Wilts, of 
the Honour of Gloucester. Also a Charter without date [OCXXXVI.] by Gilbert, bestovvs on St. . 
Augustine. in Bristol, a pasture in the Marsh, between Taff and Ely, in exchange for a messuage in 
Bristol. 

St. Nicholas, formerly Llaneilydd, inclurles that very ancient hamlet of Dyffiyn or Tref Golych, after- 
wards Worleton. Ralph Button, living 39 Edvvard III., married a de la Bere. Their grandson is said to 
have married the heiress of Worleton. They ended in Martin Buttou, who died childless. 1767, vvhen the 
estate was sold. A cadet brauch remained a few years longer at Oottrell in the same parish. Tewkesbury 
had two parts of the tythe of the Lordship of St. Nicholas. 

Penmavk Place, novv a farm house, is in part old. It stands within its ovvn manor, and has alvvays 
beeu a distinct property. The old house was much altered by the Tyntes. It contains .some old oak 
panelling, and parts of the vvalls are very thick. Sir Thomas Lewia, of Van, purchased it from the 
Broadripps, about 1615 — Itili), and settled it upon a younger son. 

Sir Robert Noreys or Norris, the EarVs Vice-Comes, was one of Fitzhamon's follovvers. and he or his 
father are reputed to have had a grant of the manor, and to have built the rectangular keep at Penllyne, 
the fragment of vvhich is probably the oldest bit of military masonry in the County. [See DCXLIV.] 

John, son of R. le Butiler, was the father of William and of two daughters. William died before 
47 Henry III.. and left .Toan who died under age, vvhen the estate vvas contested by three ladies, two 
daughters of the younger William, and their aunt a daughter of the elder William. How the matter was 
settled does not appear, but ' pendente lite,' the Earl of Glouoester as chief lord held the Glamorgan 
property. There was also a suit in Wilts, 27 Heury III., as to the dovver, in Wilts, ot Wentlehand 
[Wenllian], vvidow of Robert le Butiler, vvho held Poulton, ' et fuit anglicus.' His heir was his younger 
brother Baldwiu. 

Of William le Butiler's heiresses, one married a de laBere, and John de la Bere held half the Marcross 
fee in 1320, his vvidow and heiress married Elias Bassett of St. Hilary. 

This is the earliest Eextent or Survey of Glaraorgau which has yet beeu discovered, and probably the 
earliest now in esistence. Though not dated, it is one of a roll of ten documeuts relatiug to the same 
county, also without date, but which ave refevred to in the Calendar as of the 8th year of Edward I. 
Before admitting the precise correctness of this date, explauation is needed how it happened that an 
inquest undertaken, as some of these are stated to be, and this, from its company, probably was, ' per 
preceptum domiui Regis ' should go fovward when the lordship was not in the hands of the Crown. 
Gilbert tbe Red, Earl of Gloucester and Hertf ord, son and heir of Earl Richard by his second wife Matilda, 
daughter of John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, on the death of his father, 46 Henvy IH., was of fuU age, as 
appeavs by his having livcvy at once of the inhevitance, which he held unmolested till the 18th of Edvvard 
I. Iu that year in consequence of a brcach of thc peace between Earl Gilbert aud Ihe Earl of Rereford. 
and of an impending marringe with the kuig's daughtor, Earl Qilbert surrcndercd his estates to the king, 
who immediately regranted them, on hia marviage, with a new settlement. 

The Earl died 24 Edward I., leaving his son and heir, Gilbert, the last Earl, then five years of age. 
Hence the royal precept is not likely to bear date the 8th of Edward I., but may have been issued in the 
vcry ahort interval between the surrender and the re-grant, 18 Edward I., or during the subsequent 



653 



minoi-ity, vvhich lasted from the 24th of Edward I. to the 4th of Edward II., 1295 — 13U ; or, fiually, 
which is perhaps most probable, the Inquiaition may have been taken in 46th ot Henry III., 1262, on the 
death of Earl Richard, notmthstanding the majority of his son, and before hia livery was granted. 

The names of the twelve jurors are written on the ends of the slender labels cut from the deed, and still 
pendent to it, and which bore the small seals now lost. The writing is evidently of the date of the deed, 
and may have been written to guide those who sealed. The total of fees appears to be thirty-six-and-a- 
quarter and one-tenth with a value, supposing £3U to be added for the three fees in St. Nicholas, of £518, 
be.sides £42 53. for wardships and perquisites. There are two other returns with which to compare these 
figures, au Escheat ,of 35 Edward I. printed in the I.P.M. for tliat year, and an Estent of the reign of 
Edward lU. taken by Hugh le Despenser. The former gives on addition tbirty-sis fees one quarter and 
one-tenth, and the latter a sum of thirty-six-and-a-half and one-tenth, to which, however, the addition of 
the items does not correspond. The Escheat roll gives no values, but the later survey gives figures which 
amount only to £349 lOs., and 20 marks, a conaiderable falling off. This, however, is probably nominal 
only, and due to the omission of entries, for most of the feea given are set dowu as producing as much or 
more than is credited to them in the earlier Survey. 

The tr.vdition of tlie county has steadily .isserted that Fitzhamon, upon his conquest in 1091, parcelled 
out the low lands, those between the mountains and the sea, and from the Rhymny to the Nedd, betweeu 
the twelve principal followers to whom he owed his victory, leaving to the native lords, or to such as, 
however unwillingly, accepted his rule, the less fertile and less accessible hill country to the north. That 
this was tbe general policy pursued is certain enough, as well as that the fees created paid some kind of 
military service to Cardiff Castle ; but that there were precisely twelve tenants-in-chief, and that they 
were the knights whose names and holdings are usually given, is opposed to positive evidence. The 
present survey goes some way towards supplying an account of the actual state of things, and hence its 
peculiar value in the history of Glamorgan. 

The knights recorded by traditiou are De Londres of Ogmore, De Granville of Neath, De Turberville of 
Coyty, St. Quintin of Llanblethian, Siward of Talavan, Umfreville of Penmark, SuUy of SuIIy, BerkroIIes 
of East Orchard, Le Sore of St. Fagans and Peterston, Fleming of Wenvoe, Llanmaes, and Flemingston, 
St. John of Fonmon, and Stradling of St. Donata. 

Of these there is evidence that De Granville founded Neath Abbey with his portion, and he seems to 
have retired very early to his richer and more secure fief at Bideford in Devon. St. Quintiu U eaid to have 
failed in the male line, and to have disappeared during the reign of Henry III. Probably be was of the 
family which gave name to Frome St Quintin and other manors in Wilts, but no evidence has been 
produced of this, or to show that he was, as usually stated, the ancestor of the heii" general who inter- 
married with the Herberts. 

Tbis leaves ten of the twelve knights to be accounted for, and of them six ai'e found in the preseut 
reoord, namely, De Londres of Ogmore, De Turberville of Coyty, Hmfreville of Penmark, Sully of SuUy, 
Le Sore of St. Fagans, and, in the list of jurors, Fleming. 

Of the other four, Daniel Sivvard. vvas doubtless of the family of Sivvard of Talavan, an important 
barony, then, it is presumed, in the hands of the chief lord by tlie forfeiture of Richard Sivvard, and there- 
fore not here set dovvn. The outline of the castle is preserved, and the narae of the family exista in the 
meadovv near, still called •• Maes Siward." 

The Stradlings are always counted among the very earliest settlers. This document, howevcr, shovva 
that St. Donats was then heUJ by Thomas Hawey, not as he held Marcross, for another person, but as his 
own. Sir Peter Stradling, about the close of the reign of Henry III., married Joan, daughter and heir 
of Thomas Havvey of Comb-Hawey or Hay, co. Somer.?et, and Is alvvays supposed to have been himself of 
St. Donats. But that Thomas was not a mere feoffee for his grandson is evident, not only liy tlie distinc- 
tion taken between his tenure of St. Donats and Marcross, but by a Plea in Michaelmas term, 16— li! 



654 



Edward I, by which Earl Gilbert de Clare claimed the maniage of the heir of John or Thoinas de Hanweye 
[Haweyj against the Lady Beauchamp, of Somerset, on the ground that Hawey held lands under him at 
St. Donats. [Abb. Placit., p. 213.] 

The Stradlings appear to have held lands in Warwickshire. Dugdale mentions John de Strattelenges 
and Maud hia wife (7 Edward I.), as of Whellesborne Ha.stang or Parva. and as having a grant of a market 
there (IS Edward I.), also (21 EJward I.), the Lord John de Stratelynges or Estradlynges, was lately 
deceased, and owed £200 to the Lucca merchants. His pledges were Gerard de Winstane (?) Archdeacon 
of Eichmond, and Walter de Langton, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. There was also a Thomas 
Esteling, who witnessed a charter by the Earl of Leicester before 1167. In 50 Henry III., Eoger Stratle 
and Matilda, his wife, and Richard de la Bere and Alicia, his wife, had seizin of their wives' lands. On 
9th January, V2y(i, Matilda aud Margaret de Siratelyng, were goiug to Brabant with Margaret, the king's 
daughter. In 1298 Peter de Stratelyng was in Ireland, Joan, his wife, who was evidently an heiress [Cal. 
of P. Books, 1292 — IbOl,] was also going there. It is possible that this is the Joan, daughter of Thomas 
de Hawey, tlie ow-ner of St. Donats, and that Peter de Stratelyng is the same person as Sir Peter Stradling, 
who acquired St. Donats, and also Comb-Hawey in Somerset, by this marriage. His descendants 
remained at St. Donats until 1738, when they became exiinct in the male line. 

The extinction of the main line of the Stradlings, and the contest that arose betweeu the claimants 
under the Will of the last baronet, the next of kin, and heirs-at-Iaw, are embodied in the record of a very 
memorable suit-at-Iaw, followed by the partition of the estates. These were the castles of St. Donats, 
SuUy, East Orchard, and Penllyne, and the manors of St. Donats, SuIIy, Moukuash, East Orchard, 
Merthyr Mawr, West Orchard, Castletou, Court Llanfey, Gileston, Merthyr Parva, Penllyne, Gorton, and 
Langan. AIso lands and tenements in the aViove mauors, iu Ewenny, St. Brides Major, Tythegstou, St. 
Tathan, Marcross, Llantwit Major, Coyty, Llaudevodwg, Llausanuor, and the towns of Cardiff and Cow- 
bridge, besides various tythes and advowsons and rights of fishing and other manorial rights ; also lands 
in Somerset. 

Sir Thomas Stradling, the last baronet, made a Will in March, 1735, and died coelebs, 16th September, 
173ji. By a deed indeuted 2ud and 3rd March, 1735, he passed his estate to Richard Hyett, his steward, as 
tenant, with a view to a commun recovery, which he suft'ered at the ensuing Great Sessious at Cardif£, 
22nd April, 173G, by which the estates were supposed to beeuiired to the use of Sir Thomas aud his asslgns 
for ever, On the day foUowiug the iudeuture, 4th March, 1735, Sir Thomas Stradlmg nuide his Will, 
leaving his estates as follows : — (1) to his mother for life; (2) to the second and other sons of Bussy 
Mansel iu tail male ; (3) failing them, to Bussy Mansel for life ; (4) failmg him, to John de la Fountaine 
Tyrwhit, in tail male ; (5) the remainder over to the right heirs of his own mother, Dame Elizabeth ; also 
£10,000 to trustees for any daughters of Bussy Mausel. 

Dame Elizabeth died before her son, 3rd Febi-uary, 1737. Christopher aud Bussy Mansel administered 
Sir Thomiis' Will, ,and Bussy, haviug uo son, entered ou jjosaessiou of the whole estate. Charlea Bowen. 
of Oystermouth, as Sir Thomas Stradling'6 heir-at-Iaw, put in a claim, but was bought oft' by deeds, 
25th and 2Gth May, 1739, confirmed 2Gth Septcmber following. Ey another deed, 18th October, 1739, 
between Bussy Mansel, Ilowland and Richard D.iwkins, aud Charles Bowen, certain moneys were settled on 
Charles Bowen, his wife, and children, or failing them, on George Bowen, his nephew. These payments 
were cliarged on the 1'enllyne estate with the Dawkius' as trustees, but to be void should Bussy's son be 
ousted irora the suocession. Butsy then sold the Cardiff teniiuieuts to lUcliard Bates, M.D. 

In Easter term, 17-11, Tyrwhit put iu a claim agaiust Bussy Miiusel and Charles Boweu. Bussy, Lord 
Mansel, died 29th Novembor, 1750, aud by Will, lltii December. 1749, lefl the Stradling estates to his wife 
for life, remainder to their only child Louisa Barbara Man.sul, Charles Bowen died s.p. 8th Jul}-, 1751, 
lcaving his personal estato to Anue, his wife. Hugh Bowen, his heir-at-Iaw, claimed, 23rd January, 1752, 
to set aside tne Will of Sir Thomas Stradling, as revoked by the recovery, as well as the compromise made 



655 



by his brother, Charle-i Bowen, as not valid. The Maasels defended, and the Chancellor heard the cause 25th 
Jiine, 1754. and afterwards Tyrwhit became a party to Bowen's petition. and the Mansel ladies put in 
replies. The result was a composition. and it was agreed that the Mansels should make certain payments 
to Hugh and Anne Bowen, and coufirm certain annuities. The estates to be divided into four lots, one of 
East and West Orchard ; Castleton and Gileston to be sold to pay law charges, and to provide a fund for 
equalizing the shares. The remainder to be divided into three parts, and the parties to draw lots for them. 
Of these, Lady Mansel to have half a halt part for life, with remainder to her daughter who had the whole 
half and the Somerset estate ; also Bussy'? sale iu Cardiffi to bj allowed, Penllyne, Langan, Lamf ey, etc, went 
to the Mansels, valued at £14,"229 6s. 4d., to which was added f rom the common fund £930 4s. 4d. to make it 
equal. Tyrwhit had St. Donats, SuUy, and Marcross, valued at £15,259 lOs. 8d. Hugh Bowen had 
Monknash at £14,807 15s. lOd., plus £351 14s. lOd. to make it equal. With Sully went the right of 
fishing opposite Bany Islaud. and in Barrychannel ; quayage, keelage, and moorage. werenoloneertaken, 
but harbour dues yielded about £1 per annum ; also kelp raised and burned on the shore, and limestone 
raised between high and low water mark. Lead mines in the manor are now no longer worked. AIso waste on 
the beach. 275 acres is not included iu the estate. The measurement, by another statement is 232 acres, 
2 roods, 31 poIe.=i. Sully island is at one end of the %vaste. The waste included sand and lime. 

St. John, the third name, is that ot a family usually regurded as early settlers at Fonmon ; but how it 
comes that neither he or his fee of Foumon are here mentioued, it is difficult to say. Mr. Joues, the ovmer 
of Fonmon, suggests that ^i^robably it was not origin.illy held «n capite of the Lord of Glamorgan, but 
formed a part of the CTmfraville fee of Penmark, a dependence which would naturally be aUowed to be 
f orgotten when the heiress of TJmf raville carried Penmark to the St. Johns. If this be so, as it probably is, 
it is odd that the St. Johns, not being tenants in ohief. should appear among the twelve knights. 

BerkroIIes of East Orchard, the fourth name, does not appear in this Survey. That William de 
Bercherola was a landowner on the Ebbw iu Monmouthshire, appears from Bishop Uchtred"s declaration 
of 114G, and Roger de Berkerol was a Gloucestershire kuight in 1165, but the family prob.ably did not 
settle in Glamorgan till late in the reign of Edward I. Before that time East Orchard waa one of 
the Nerber fees. In the ^th year of King John, Peter de BerkroUes is mentioned in some local pleadings 
as the purchaaer of half a virgate of land at Watton, Herts. [Arch. Camb. for 1869, p. 69 ; Abb. Placit., 
p. 56.] Thus, then, on the whole, the evidence of the newly discovered record goes to support the popular 
tradition, only as regards six of the twelve knights, who may, therefore, have come in early. 

There remains the f nrther question, whether they were the only, or even the most important of the 
tenants in chief . De GranvUIe certainly waa a very large holder. and ot the rest De Londres. Snlly, and 
Umf rarille held four fees each, the Largest recorded holding. The honour of Coyty also, held by Turber- 
ville, was equally considerable, and Talavan was an important barouy ; but Le Soor held ouly one fee. 
Ot the landed estate of Fleming before 1337, uothing is known. 

Ou the other hand, Nerber held fonr and Corbet three fees, and yet they are not among the twelve. 
Cogau al.^o held two, and many others. Nor was it the possession of a castle that gave the rank, for 
Someri certainly held Dinas Powis at a very early period, as did Norreis, PenUyue; Walsh, Llandough ; 
Barry, Barry Castle : Bonvile, Bonvileston ; Winchester or De Winton, Llanquian ; Butler (not Pincema), 
Dunraven ; and Nerber, Castletou Castle ; of all of which buildiugs parts, more or less considerable. remain. 

Several other tenants, not among the twelve, may also be presumed to have come in very early, since 
they gave their names to their lands, and even to whole parishes. which look as though they were original 
allottees. Thus Constantineston or Coston was so called trom Constantine ; Bonvileston or Bolston, 
by the Welsh Tre Simou or Simon'a place, trom Sir Simon de Bonvile ; Odyn's fee in Penmark from Odyn ; 
GUeston or Joelston f rom Joel ; Cogan trom Cogan ; Scurla Castle, a manor in Llanharry, trom Scurlage, 
who also gave name to a manor in Gower ; and Sigginston or Tre Siggin, from a tamily of \v'aom Hugh 
Sygin was a Llantwit juror about this time. Mayloc was no doubt Welsh, and possibly gave name to the 



656 



hill still kuown us Garth Jlaylog. The family of Someri haci the manor and castle of Dinas Powis vcry 
early, for Roger de Someri of Dudley Castle had it on his death, 1 Edward I. It seems to have falleu into 
wardship, as Matilda, widow ot Earl Richard de Clare, granted, 4 Edward I., the custody of it and of 
Roger the heir, then 18 years of age, during his minority to Alina Countess of Norfolk, daughter of Philip 
Basset of Wycombe. 

Tbe Survey f arther supporta the atatement of the disposition of the hill country among the greater 
Welsh lords, of whom Morgan Vachan, head of the Jestyn branch of Avan, had Baglan, that is to say, the 
lands from Aberavan to the Nedd, most of which came afterwards to the Houses of Margam and Neath. 
The sons of Morgan ap Cadwallan, also from Jestyn, had half a commote, or Welsh hundred. in Glyn 
Bhondda. They were theu in possession. It appears from the Anuals of Margam that Mor^n their 
father was cruellj', and probably fatally tortured by his kinsman Howell ap Meredith in 1228. Griffith ap 
Bhys, one of the Van family, had the large tract ot Senghenydd above and below the Caiach river, being 
two commotes. The commote held by Mordiht ap Greffid [Meredith ap Griffith] seems to have been 
mainly in Gwent, or beyond the Rhymny, in a quarter where the two counties of Monmonth and Glamorgan 
are still intermixed, parts of parishes belonging to one running into the other. Meredith was lord of 
Hirvayn commote in Caermarthen as well as of the northeru part of the modern Hundred ot Wentlloog in 
Monmouthshire ; he descended paternally from the celebrated Ilees ap Griffith, and maternally from Howel 
of Caerleon, and through his mother was heir to Howeirs son. He died 1270. See Brut, p. 357, and Cal. 
Geneal., p. 272. 

Some other names occur in the Survey conceruing which a word or two may be said. Walter de 
Gloucester was Escheator to the Crown on either side of the Trent at various times in the reign of 
Edward I., and lived iuto that of Edward II. Ivel Fitz Robert does uot occur elsewhere as connected with 
Glamorgau, neither do Piretou nor Cliiliord. The family of De Cardift'. of Walton Cardiff in Gloucester- 
shire held Newton Nottage by grant f rom William Earl of Gloucester, one of whose Charters is witnessed by 
Robert de Cardiff. whose heiress married Sanford, who also had a ipiarter of a fee in Leckwith. Cardiffi of 
Lanririd or Llantrythid was a kinsmau, whose daughter seems to have carried that manor to Bassett. 
Earl Richard de Clare, before 12."i7, granted the manor of Leckwith, being a quarter of a knight'8 fee, to 
Nichulas de Saaford, who gave it to his brother Laurence, who gave it to Philip Basset. How it came 
back to the Sanford family, so as to belong to Fulk Sanford, is unknown. He had however becn newly 
enfeoffed. Butler or De Pincenia was a very early settler, and held Kelligam under Le Sore ; a match 
with the heiress of Sir Ph. de Marcross gave him that fee. Chapel, in which William Mayloc held half a 
fee, seems to be the same with Littlehone and Llystalybont. a manur uear Cardiff held by Iiim iu the 
Spenser survey. Therc vvas a Galfrid de Oonstantine, who had possessions iu Bedtordshire and Irclaud in 
the reign of Henry III., possibly of tliis family. since migrations to that country from GIamorg;\n were 
common. 

The Welsh Cogan seem to have been the head of the f amily, whereas those of the others, as SuUy 
and Bonville, were cadets. Petronille, widow of Thomas Cog;m, of Glamorg-.m, was assessed upon her 
dower, on one-third of Huntspill-Cogan, co. Somerset, at £fi7 Ob. IJd., and on one-third of Usfulcomb, at 
£17 7s. M., and on one-third of Bampton, co. Devon, at £2:1 lf)s. UJd- [Close Roll 8 Edward I.] 

The Welsh gene^ilogists, though they record with grcat minuteness the stocks and bnmches of the 
families of Welsh descent, very seldom extend their cai-e to thc advenffi, who settled in the lordship, aud 
these though ofteu reoorded in tlie English counties froni whencc thuy were derived, seemed to liave cared 
very little for the brauches in Wales, so that even so well estalilishod a tamily ns the Barrys has lefl no 
rcgular pedigree or record. 

The name of Barry i.s not uncoramon in the West of England, and appears in West Wales and in 
Ireland, derived no doubt from Wales. Tlie fouuder of the family in Glamorgan is usually thought to havc 
given the name to the Islaud aud Parish of Barry, where are still fragmenta of a c.istle of the name, of 
which the entrance doorway is probably of the datc of Edward II. 



657 



There 3eem to have been two familiea of the name in the lordship, one, the principal. held land in Gower, 
the other, appears in Charters connected with Cardifi or that part of the county. Peter, Biahop of 
St. Davids, in 117G — 1190, confirms a grant of thirty acres given by Wiiliam de Barri to Neath. lu 1201, 
William de Barri, owns rents in Walterston [CCLXVI.], and from a confirmation by King John, in 1208, 
it appears that the laud was iu Gower, it further appears iu 1230 and in 1250 [DiLIII.]. that the land 
was the whole fee of Villa Walteri or Walterston, in Govver. William de Barri oocurs as a juror for 
the earliest of the Comitatus of Glamorgan, circa 1262, but neither his name nor the name of the place 
are found in the appended list of feudatories or theh- fees. Meyrick says, William de Barri, was held of 
CantUupeston. In 1281—1290, William de Barri witneeses a de Braose Charter, and in 1247, Sir William 
de Barri witnesses an Avan Charter [DXXXUI.]. 

Lucas and Thoma de Barri occurs in 1338, in a Neatii Charter [DCCCCLXVIII.] ; Kichard de Barri 
wituesses a Penmaen and Oxwich Charter [DCCCXOVII.] ; and a Gower Charter in 1420 [MCXV.]. 
These ail beloug to the Gower family. 

Those of the Cardiff family are less numerous and probably less important. In CCOXCV. Mih'cent, 
daughter of William MitdehorguUl, makes a douation to Margam, in gratitude for a former gift, of one 
silver mark to enable her to pay the relief of her land of Barry, in the tee of .St. Nicholas ; it seems as 
though this referred to a St. Nioholas in Gower, in which case it may be another Barry, it could scaroely 
be Barry in Eaat Glamorgan. 

The names of those of the Eastern branch, so far as they have been recorded, are as follows : — 

William de Barri witnesses a Diuas Powis Charter, without date [DOLI. and DOLXXII.]. Walter de 
Barri witnesses Charters at or uear Cardiff [DCCCXLVIII.]. Also in 1281, a Bouvileston Cliarter [DOOL.]. 
John, son and heir of William de Ban-i, a burgess of Cardiff, grants a tenement there [DOCXXXV.]. 
Also Thomaa de Barri occurs in 1386 [DOCCCLXIX.]. In 1281, Barry was a port, classed vvith the moath 
of the Thaw and the Ogmore, and levied toUs. 



DCXVI. 
EXTENT OF OAEDIFF. 

[Ut supra.] 1262 (P) 

Extenta viUe de Kairdiif faota per sacramentum Roberti Upedyke . 
Stephani Bagedrip . Ricardi Lude . Thome Kene . WiLLELMi Selicok . 

WaLTERI CORNUBIENSIS . RlCARDI CrISPI . RoBERTI OoLESWEIN . RlCARDI 

RuMBOLD . HuGONis Faucun . Ade Midewinter . et SiMONis Fox. Qui jurati 
dicunt quod 

Redditus burgi est ... ... ... ... ... xx"' iiii^- viii''- 



Et molendina valent 
Et de prisis cervisie . . . 
Et de piscaria 
Et de theloneo mercati 



XLVI" 
XIIII 

VIIl" 

Illl"- 



li. 



4 H 



658 



Et de nundinis, qma domus Magdalene Bristollie 
percepit xx'- annuatiin de eisdem nundinis per 
oartam domini comitis ... ... ... ... vi'- viii'^- 

Et de prisa busce et carbonis x^- 

Et de placitis et perquisitis Hundredi et pro lioenoia 

cariandi meiremiimi in Angliam lx'- 

Summa iiii. xx. xvi"- xv^- 
[Nomen amissum] Stephanus Bagedrip . Ricardus Lude . Thomas Kene 
[Nomen amissimi] Walterus Cornubiensis . Ricardus Crispus . Eobertus 

OoLESWEIN . ElCARDtlS RuMBOLD . HuGO FaUCUN . AdAM MiDWINTER . SlMON 

Fox. 

Endorsed — ' Kayrdiif.' 

An Extent waa an estimate ot the value ot the laaJ under a ivrit of ' extendi tacias,' issued by the Sheriffi. 

When the full value was given it was called a ' f ull extent.' 

It was important, as upon it proceediags for debt could be taken without turther reference to the value 
of the land. 

trsually the vahie reached seems to have been two-thirds of the real vahie. ^ 

The Bawdripps were of Bawdripp, co. Somerset, but Thomas Bawdripp seems to have acquired land in 
Penmark, bef ore 1 3.39, which he demised to Johanna daughter of Thomas Odyn, who may ha ve been his wif e, 
and f rom whose f amily the manor of OdjTi's f ee, now Penmark Place, evidently derived its name of ' Odyn'8 ' 
fee. 'William Bawdripp, probably theirson or grandson, liviug 1443-4, married EUnor St. Jolm, of Fonmon. 
William Bawdripp sold the fee, about 1615-16, to Sir Edward Lewis. They also held Splot, near 
CardifE. John Bawdripp mnrried Elizabeth de Kerdyff, who inherited half a fee in QueenhuII, from her 
mother Joan de Kerdyff. whose co-heiress she was. These left a drxughter and heiress, Agnes, who married 
John Bassett, of St. Hilary, at 13, in 1395. 

Arms : a cross between four sheldrakes. 

William Bawdripp, Esquire, married Elinor, daughter of Sir Oliver 8t. John, and had : 

Thomas of Odyn's Fee, Esquire, married Jane, daaghter of John Raglan of Carnllwyd, Esquire, and 
had: 1, Sir WiHiam j 2, Catherine, married, (1) Johu Van, Esquire ; (2) Turberville; 3, Ann, mai-ried 
James Mathew, of Rhoos.. 

Sir William Bawdripp, ot Odyn's Fee, Knight, married Jane, daughter of Morgan Gamage of Ooyty, 
and had : 1, Thomas ; 2, Katherine, married David Kemeys, of Cefn-M:ilily. 

Thomas, married Mary, daughter of Christopher Mathew of Llandaff, Esquirc, and had : 

William of Odyn's Fee, Esquire, montioncd by Uees Meyrick, married Martha, daughter of -Sir George 
Mathew, of Radyr, Knight, and had : 1, William ; 2, Elizabeth, married Ohristopher St. John, of High- 
light, Esquire ; 3, Ann^married Btrubrick from England 

William Bawdripp, Esquire, ob. ». p., having sold Odyn'a Fee and Splot to Edward Lewis. He married 
Katherine, daughter of George Van, of Marcross, Esquire. 

The sum total appears to be added up erroneously. 



659 



XIII" 


• nii^'- 


X!i. 




xv^ 




III^ 


iiii'- 



DCXYII. 

EXTENT OF LLANTRISSEN, OR LLANTRISANT. 

[Treas. of the Exchequer "Wallia. Bag l. No. 15.] 1262? 

Extenta de Llaatrissen per preceptum clomini Regis faeta per sacramentum 
HowEL VoTHAN . IvoR ab Catherot . Lewelin ab Meuric . ToRVERHT ab 
Adam . TvuAN ab Tssac . Torverht ab Wrgenev . Torverht Vothan . 
Lewelin ab Howell . Q-riffid Goch ab Lewelin . Philif ab Lewelin 
TvuAN ab WiANU . et Griffid Q-och ab Howel. Qui jurati dicunt quod 

Redditus burgi est ... 

Et de redditibus liberorimi et rusticorum ... 

Et de auxdio ad lardarium ... 

Et pro molendino de Brosselet 

Et dominicum debile continet v. carucatas terre valet 
tempore pacis 

Et Lii. acre more que potest falcari 

Et de piscaria. . . 

Et de i. molendino ... 

Et de f orestariis 

Et de servicio rusticorum in Autumpno 

Et de pannagio 

Et de redditu plumbi 

Et de Trewern et Lanveir ad auxiliimi ad 
lardarium ... 

Et de redditu et servicio liberorum et rusticorum 

eaptorum de tenementis de Sancto Fagano ... lxjii'- ix''- ob. 

Et de erbagio ibidem ... ... x-- 

Et de terra locata ibidem ... ... ... ... xix^- 



viir viii° 

xx^- 

x»- 

XIII'*- IIII''- 

IIII^- 

VI*- 



660 



Et de redditu Adaaf ab YvoR pro I. esperuario ... ii^- 
Et de placitis et perquisitis curie ... ... ... x"- 

Summa xxxu"- x^- v'- ob. 
Et est ibi advocacio ecclesie de Lantrissen que valet xx. marcas et pertinet ad 
comitem . Et advocacio ecclesie de Pentirech que valet iiii"'- marcas . Et 
memorandum quod jjredictum molendinum tempore pacis solet valere xx. 
marcas . Et aliud molendinum quod ibidem similiter solet valere xx. marcas 
combustum est et destructum omnino . Et c. mausiones sunt ibidem destruete et 
de gwerra . Et memorandum quod filii Morgan Cadewalthan habent glyn- 
rotheni. 

HowEL VocHAN [duo uomina amissa] Yorverht ab Adam . Yawan ab Issac . 
YoRVERHT ab Wrgene . Yorverht Vochan . Q-riffid goch ab Howel . griffid 
goch ab Lewelin . Philip ab Lewelin . Yvuan ab Wianu [nomen amissum.] 
Bndorsed — ' Extenta de Lantrissen.' 

The two sons of Morgan Cadewalthan are mentioned iu the County Estent aa holding half a cummod 
in Glynrotheni. 

It is to be observed that all the twelve jurors are Welshmen, and tiiat in a Borough in which the Lord 
held a Castle, which there is cvidence he sometimes inhabited. 



DCXVIII. 

EXTENT OF LANGONYDD. 

[Wallia, ut Supra.] 1262 ? 

Extenta de Languniht per jjreceptum domini Regis faeta per sacramentum 
Gkikfini ab Rees . Wilim ab Yorverht . Henrici ab Griffid . Cradouc 
ab YoRVERHT . Lewelin ab Yvor . Tuder ab Rees . Res ab Eneir . Meuric 
nb Rees . Cradouc ab Gwither . Madouc Vochan . Yorverht ab Gronu . 
ot HowEL ab Felip. Qui dicunt quod 

De redditu assiso iuj'' iij^ 111.1''- oA. 

Et de redditu molendini quod est ad feodum . . . l"- 



661 



Et de consuetudine ad lardarium ... xxj^ 

Bt sunt ibi xij. acre terre que valent ... ... ij^- 

Et de placitis et perquisitis curie ... ... ... vij''- 

Et molendina de Kenefeic valent xij'' xiu'*- iiu''- 

Et dominus E.ogerus de Clifford de dono domini 

comitis tenet totum residuum ejusdem ville de 

Kenefeic 

Summa xxvii''- ix^- viu''- ok. 

Et est ibi advocaoio ecclesie Languniht que pertinet ad comitem que valet vj. 
marcas. Et sunt ibi iiu^'^- mansiones destruete per gwerram. 

Griffid ab Eees . Wilim ab Yorverht . Henry ab Griffid . Cradouc ab 
Torvert . Leavelin ab Yvor . tuder ab Rees . Ees ab Eneir . Meuric ab 
Eees . Cradouc ab Q-wither . Madouo Vothan . Yor^tirht ab Gronu . 
HowEL ab Fehp. 

Endorsed — ' Extenta de Languniht.' 

Roger Olilford is mentioned in the County E.xteut as holding half a knighfs fee in Kenefic. Griffith ap 
Rees is not an unoommon combin.ition, so that it is doubtful it the juror here was the same with him who 
held two cummods in Senghenyth. 

Llangonydd is a large parish, entirely situate in the hill country, about six miles from Kenfig, which, 
however, seems to be included within it. The jurors here also are all Welshmen. 



DCXIX. 
EXTENT OF NEATH. 

[Wallia, ut Supra.] 1262? 

Extenta de Neht per preceptum domini Regis facta per sacramentum . 
Henrioi Vochan . Madoc ab Eees . Lewelin ab Hailon . Cradouc ab 
Wasmeir . Cradouc ab Wrgan . Madanev ab Yorverht . Mauricii molendin- 
arii . Gtilberti Cachevrench . Eees ab Ithenerht . Johannis le Wogare . 
Petri de CoRNDTJNE . Ade Huse. Qui dicunt quod 



662 



cxij'- 
xvj'- 
xxxij''- xj*^- 06. 

XL»- 

XIIJ^- x'^- 
VJ^- vj>'- 

XIJ"^- 

VJ^- VIIJ" 

xx^- 



Td. 



De redditu burgensium et cotariorum 

Et de redditu libere-tenencium forinsecorum 

Et de redditu Waxensium ... 

Et de molendino 

Et dominicum parvum et debUe valet 

Et de xiiJ. acris prati 

Et de prisis cervisie ... 

Et de tholoneo ... 

Et de gurgite et piscarla 

Et de finibus et perquisitis curie 

Summa xu''- xiu^- xj''' ob. 
Et est advocacio ecclesie ibidem de Neht pertinet ad comitem que valet x. 
marcas. Et molendinum supradictum tempore pacis solet valere ix. marcas. Et 
vij'='- et X. mansiones ibidem sunt combuste et destructe per gwerram. 

Henricus Vochan . Madoc ad Rees . Lewelin ab Haylon . Cradouc ab 
Wasmeir . Cradouc ab Wrgan . Madanev ab Yorverht . Mauricius molen- 
dinarius [nomen amissum] . Uees ab Ithenerht . Johannes le Wogare . [duo 
nomina amissa]. 

Endorsed — ' Extenta de Neht.' 

Here nine of the jurors are certainly Welsh. Three. Mauricius, the miller, Corndune, and Huse may be 
strangers. 

The lord ia still the patron of the churcli. The lown must have been a considerable place to have had 
150 houses burned in the war. 



DCXX. 

EXTENT OF LLANTWIT AND LLYSWOIiNEY. 

[Wallia, ut Supra.] 1262 P 

Extenta facta do mauerio de Laniltwit jjer preceptum domini Regis per 
sacramentum Johannls filii Willelmi . Petri filii liooKRi . Johelis filii 
Roberti filii Johannis . Wh.i.klmi To.sakd . Ricardi Lacham . 



663 



HUQONIS SyGIN . SWEYN BlANCAIGNEL . WlLLELMI BoYS . BlIE BaSSET . 

Petri de Veteri castro . et Willelmi Juel. Q,ui jurati dicunt 

De redditu libere-tenencium ejusdem manerii . . . xj" viu^ iiu''- quad. 
Et de dlxv. acris terre arabilis in dominico precium 

acre vj"^- Summa ... xiv''- ij^- vj'^- 

Et de xiiu. aoris prati precium aore xviu''- Summa xxj'- 
Et de vj^'^ et vu. acris pastui-e preeium acre iiu''- 

Summa ... ... xlix^ 

Et de pastura grave que vocatur Ooytlon ... ... x^- 

Et de j. columbario ... ... ... ... ... v^- 

Et de gardino ... ... ... v"- 

Et de mercato cum nundinis ... ... ... lx^ 

Et de molendino ... ... ... xvij"- 

Et custumarii ejusdem manerii tenent mmc. et x^"j. 

acras preoium reddituum et serviciorum eorundem lij"' xviij^- 
Et sunt vj. homines in eodem manerio qui debent 

arare x. acras terre domini et valet ... ... iiu'- u^- 

Et sunt ibidem iiu^'^- cotarii qui ad pastum domini 

debent metere per unum diem in autumpno et 

valet ... ... ... ... ... ... vj^- viu''- 

Et iidem cotarii debent colligere xiv. acras prati et 

valet ... ... ... ... ... ... xiiu'*- 

Et predicti custumarii ad pastum domini debent 

falcare et oolligere xviu. acras et dimidiam prati 

domini apud Kekdif . . . . et valet ... ... vj'- ix'' 

Et unus faber ejusdem manerii pro terra sua debet 

facere quinque paria ferramentormn caruce de 

proprio ferro domini et valet operacio ejus . . . vu'- vj"^- 

Et de placitis et perquisitis Hundredi ... ... c^- 

Summa cix"- v^- j'^- quad. 



664 



Et memorandum quod apud Cartmayloc computatur in eodem manerio sunt 
duo carucate teiTe de quibus tempore pacis solet reddere lxvj=- x'^- oh. per de- 
struccionem gwerre modo nichil inde habetur. 

Extenta de Liswrini per sacramentum predictorum. Qui jurati diouut quod 
domina Agnes Bausson tenet terciam partem ejusdem ville in dotem. 
Et de iJ. partibus que fuerunt in manu domini 
Comitis iiij''''- IX. acre terre arabilis in dominico 
precium aure vj''- Summa ... ... ... xliiij^ vj'^ 

Et de xxij. acris prati precium acre u*- Summa ... xliiij^- 
Et custumarii ejusdem ville tenent ccciiu^- xvj. 
acras et quartam partem unius aci"e terre preeium 
redditus et serviciorum eorundem... ... ... ix''- xviu''- J''- ot. 

Et sunt III J. homines eadem villa qui pro quadam 

tenura terre reddunt ... ... ... ... lu-- iiu''- 

Et est unus homo iu eadem villa qui reddet j. cran- 
nocam frumenti et valet ... ... ... ... u*" 

Et de iJ. partibus molendini xiu^- iiu''- 

Et de cotarriis iiu'" 

Et memorandum quod homines ejusdem ville sunt 
sectatores Hundredi de Lanyltwit 

Summa xv"- ix^- lu'' oh. 

[Sigilla] JOHANNES filius WlLLELMl. 

Petrus filius EOGERI. 

IvEL filius EOHERT. 

[Cetera desuut.] 
Endorsed — 'Extente de Laniltwit et Liswrini.' 

Llantwit (Llantwit Major) and Lysworney aie parishes, one tivc miles soutli aud tlie otlier a uiilc west 
of CowbridKc in the midst of a population of strangevH. The juroru do not contain auy Welsh names, nor do 
they all appear to have iuiopted sui-name.s Tosard is no doubt rolaled to the fouuder of St. Jamea' 
Chnrch in Kenfig. Blancaignel occurs DCCCCLXIII. Boys is de Bosco [CVI., DCLXXXIX.] Elias 
BaRset was of St. Hilary. 



665 



These inquisitions, together ■vnxh one for the whole county, though without date, appear to have been 
taken on the death of Bichard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, in 46 Henry III., 1262, in order 
to ascertain what where the particulars of the Earrs ieudal rights over the lordship of Glamorgan, upon 
which the King's claim for reliefs and other feudal incidents was to be calculated. As the EarVs son and 
successor was of full age, there was no question of custody of lands or wardship of the heir, but an 
ordinary case of succession only. The retums show the burgage rents, the assised or iised rents, and 
those paid by free and rnstic tenants, the latter being such as held by socage, with an obligation to 
perfom agricultural services on the lord's land. The free tenants are sometimes within and sometimes 
outside the borough boundaries, being then called ' Forinseci.' The cotarii were mere cottagers. Among 
the dues are those from marlcet tolls, fisheries, prisage of beer, receipts from fairs, perquisites from the 
lord's courts, rents from the demesne lands, arable, moor. or meadow, operationes or obligations to assist 
in getting in the ]ord's harvest or to repair his waggons, and, more valuable than all, duea to the lord'B 
mills. These, in Cardiff, amounted to nearly one half of the whole receipts ; iu Llantrisant, much exposed 
to the inbreaks of the Welsh, only to one-twenty-third part ; in Llangonydd to one-eleventh ; in Neath to 
one-sixth ; and in Uantwit, far within the English boimdary, to the same. 

The reign of Henry III. was a period of frequent inbreaks of the Welsh, but stiU it is surprising to find 
that in Llantrisant, which, however, included Pentyrch and other villages, as many as 100 houses had 
been bimit, in Llangonydd 80 houses, and in Neath 150 ; and yet Neath appears to have been walled, and 
both it and Llantrisaut were defended by strong castles. In the hamlet of Garth-Maelog, two carucates 
of land, usually yielding £2 6s. lOJd., were utterly waste. 

The Public Records afford conflicting evidence as to whether the two ladies, heiresses of Su- Stephen 
Bansson (better knovra as de Baiocis), were his danghters or those of his elder brother, the preceding 
baron. The Lyswomey retura settles this point. Agnes is well known to have been Sir Stephen's 
widow, and here it appears that she held her third as dower, and the Earl, in the absence of heirs of Sir 
Stephen's body, took the other two-thirds. The two nieces were at that time of age, and married. 
[See DXXXV.] 

The names of the inqaisitors show the prevalence of the Welsh in the border parishes only. In Cardiffi 
all twelve are clearly Euglish. In Llantwit the same. In Llantrisant, perched astride upon the hills, 
and notwithstanding its castle, peculiarly exposed, all twelve are Welsh, as they are in Llangouydd. In 
Neath, thongh much exposed, the presence of the castle and abbey probably attracted str.angers, f or, of 
the twelve, seven only are decidedly Welsh, and five English. Here are some Welsh tenants, who do not 
elsewhere appear, save in Llantrisant. Adaaf ab Ivor pays 2s. for a sparrowhawk, probably involving a 
licence f or f owling. The payment ' ad lardarium ' is possibly f or allowing the hogs to f atten or produce 
lard in the lord's woods, and answers to pannage, also mentioned, though why the two phrases should be 
used in the same schedule does not appear. 

The inquisitions give the advowsons of LI.antri3ant, Pentirch, Llangonydd, and Neath, and omit those 
of CardiS and Llantwit mth Lysworney. Llantrisant, however, belonged to Tewkesbury Abbey from 
an early period, Pentirch was in the hands of the Dean and Canons of Llandaff, and Llangonydd, in Margam. 
Neath seems always to have been in the hands of the lord of Glamorgau, and so descended. Llantwit, 
held with Lyswomey, was in Tewkesbury. 

It ie curious that though the general retm'n is caUed ' Extenta Comitatus,' or of the county, no mention 
is ever made of the Earl, save as holding the two-thirds of Lyswomey, of which Agnes Bausson held one- 
third. Unfortunately the EarFs schedide in the I.P.M., though very full as regards Eugland, has 
only one Welsh entry, the manor of Marcross in Glamorgan, which in the County Extent is not in the 
hands of the Earl, but in those of Thom.as Hawey of St. Donats, evidently held for the heiress of Bichard 
Butler. Hawey certainly held this by licence from the Earl, for in the Cal. Grenealogicum, I. 107, this 
Richard is entered as having held Marcross manor as custos of Johanna la Butillere, who wa= dnughter 

4 J 



666 



of 'William Pincerna, son of John le Butiler, which John was brother of Richard le Buttiler, whose heiress 
and great niece was Johanna. But Johanna died under age, and the inheritance was claimed by the two 
sisters of her father William, and the one sister of her great uucle Richard, and pending this dispute the 
Earl held possession, and was so holding when he died. 

According to Kees Meyrick the Pincermi family name was Halwey, and William Pincerna of Kelligam, 
son of Simon de Halweia, married the daughter of Sir Philip de Marcross, and had Sampson de Halweia, 
who migrated into Somerset. It will probably turn out that this family was Hawey of Comb-Hawey, 
County of Somerset, and of St. Donats, with whoseheiress the Stradlings acquired those manors 



DCXXI. 

EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES FOE THE PLAINTIFF IN 
CAUSE BETWEEN MARGAM ABBEY AND ST. PETER'S, 
GLOUCESTER, RESPECTING TITHES. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 40.] 

Wednesday after St. Agatha's Day. 5 Febrdary. 1262. 

Bxaminatio testium productorum ex parte abbatis et conventus de Margan et 
eorum deposicio facta die Mehcirii proxima post festum beate Agathe virginis 
anno Domini millesimo ducentesimo sexagesimo secundo in ecclesia beati 
JoHANNLs de Kaerdif per dominum priorem de Talelecho commissarium abbatis 
de Wygemor et magistri Q-alfridi de Burgo canonici Landavensis judicum a 
domino Papa delegatorum in causa appellationis mota inter abbatem et 
oonventum de Margan ex parte una et conventum monasterii Sancti Petri 
Q-LoucESTRiE ex altora. 

Frater Johannes Comyn monacbus de Margan juratus et examinatus dicit 
quod vidit et audivit et presens fiiit in ecclesia oathodrali Ijandavensi in orastino 
Sancti Hyli.aiui anno Domini millesimo ducentesimo sexagesimo primoubi frater 
Philippus de Lulliwelle procurator abbatis et conventus de Margan Cis- 
TERCiENsis ordinis Landavensis dyocesis comparuit coram decano Christianitatis 



667 



Landavensis et magistro Eogero de Stauntone clerico vices ofi&ciales domini 
Landavensis episcopi gerentibus in causa timc mota inter abbatem et conventum 
monasterii Sancti Petri Gtloucestrib ex parte una et abbatem et conventum de 
Margan ex altera super deeimis provenientibus de terris eorundem abbatis et 
conventus de Margan consistentibus in paroehia ecclesie de Lankarvan 
Landavensis dyooesis. Qui quidem procurator humiliter ac instanter petiit ut 
ipsi acta judicii coram eis habita in causa ipsa tam eadem die quam in vigilia 
beati Nicholai proximo preterita per que causa ipsa instruebatm- et processu 
temporis instrui poterat redigi facerent in auctenticam scriptam et eadem aota in 
soriptis redaota sigillis suis signarent ut per ea in auctenticam soriptam redacta 
causa eorundem abbatis et conventus de Margan pro loco et tempore instrui 
possit et juvari. Set ipsi decanus et Rogerus hoc ei faoere precise denegarunt. 
Propter quod idem proourator de Margan nomine suo et dominorum suorum 
predictorum ad sedem apostolicam in scriptis appellavit et apostolicos instanter 
petiit quos ipsi decanus et Eogerus eidem procuratori concedere denegarunt. 
Eequisitus de hora diei quando hoc faotum fuit, dicit quod eiroa horam teroiam. 
Eequisitus qui fuerunt presentes, dioit quod ipse et predictus frater Philippus 
de LuLLiwELLE, ot fratres Johannes de Nova-villa, Willelmus Sortes, 
Philippus de Kaermardin, monaohi de Margan, magister Nicholaus de 
Kaenetona phisicus, Johannes Peruat, Johannes Du, et multi alii tam clerici 
quam laioi quia consistorium fuit ea die. Eequisitus quare non fuit causa 
appellationis ipsius infra annum terminata a tempore appellationis ipsius 
interposite, dicit quod hoc stetit per curiam Eomanam sive per nuncios eorundem 
quos ad eandem ouriam miserant ad impetrandum super eadem appellatione. 
Miserunt enim predictos nuncios suos versus cm-iam Eomanam infra ootavas 
predicti Sancti Hyllarii et neminem eorum receperunt ante vigiliam beati 
YiNCENTii martiris anno Domini millesimo ducentesimo sexagesimo secundo eo 
quod impediti erant ut dioebant per viam et eciam in predicta cm-ia propter 
audientiam et bullam in eadem curia diu suspensam ut dicebant. 



668 



Frater Willelmus Sortes monachus de Margan juratus et examinatus super 
predicta appellatione et ejus causa et aliis cireumstanciis superscriptis. Idem 
dioit et concordat cum fi-atre Johanne preconjurato buo. 

Frater Philip)'us de Kaermardin monachus de Maroan juratus et examinatus 
super predicta appellatione et ejus causa et aliis ciixumstanciis sui^rascriptis. 
Idem dicit et concordat cum fratre Johanne preconjurato suo, adiciens quod ipse 
propria manu scripsit tenorem appellationis predicti quam predictus procurator 
de Margan in predicto crastino Saneti Hyllarii iuterposuit ab audientia 
dictorum decani et Eogeri. 

Magister Nicholaus de Kenetone phisicus juratus et examinatus super 
predicta appellatione et ejus causa et aliis circumstanciis memoratis. Idem dicit 
et coucordat cum fi-atre Johanne preconjui-ato suo exeepto quod missioni 
nuntiorum predictorum non interfuit . bene tamen scit literam super dicta 
appellatione impetratam fuisse a sede apostolica ad quam fuit appellatum. 

Frater Johannes de Nova-villa monachus de Margan juratus et examinatus 
super predieta appellatione et ejus causa et aliis circumstanoiis memoratis idem 
dicit et conoordat cum fratre Johanne preoonjurato suo. 

Magister Eogerus de Staunton clericus juratus et examinatus super dicta 
appellatione et ejus causa et aliis circumstanciis predietis. Idem dicit et coneordat 
oum fratre Johanne primo jurato adiciens et jurans quod invitus et coactus 
hujusmodi testimonium dixit. 

It seems that a dispute had ariseu between Margam and Gloucester concerniug the tythe of Llancarvan. 
The case was first heard in the Cathedral in V2C>\, before the Dean of Llandaff aud Master Roger Stauuton, 
officials of the bishop, when Lulliwell, the Margam proctor, appeared for Margam. See Birch, HUt. 
o/ Margam Abbey, p. 27.5. 



669 



DCXXII. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY RICHARD DE BONEVILLE, OF THE TEM- 

PLAES' LAND IN BONEVILESTONE FEE, TO MARGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 1262. 

Carta et quita clamacio Ricardi de Boneville de terra Templariorum 

et omnibus aliis. 

TJniversis cli. f. p. et f. a. q. p. s. pervenerit Ricardus de Boneville burgensis 
de Neth etemam in domino salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra me spontanea voluntate mea concessisse et quitum 
clamasse et presenti carta confirmasse pro me et omnibus heredibus meis qui sunt 
vel erunt Deo et ec. S. M. de Margan et m. i. D. s. totum jus meum et totum 
clamium quod habebam vel habere poteram seu me habere dieebam in terra 
quam predicti monachi tenent de Templariis in feudo de Bonevilestone et 
om[nibus] aliis terris quas in dicto feudo sive ahis feudis tenent ut habeant et 

teneant dicti monachi dictam terram terras suas libere quiete et paeifice 

pro me et omnibus heredibus meis . presentibus et futuris imperpetuum . sicut 
ulla elemosina vel ullum tenementum liberius et quietius haberi potest et teneri. 
Et sciendum quod affidavi et super sacrosancta ecclesie de Margan juravi quod 

istam concessionem et quitam olamacionem fideliter et sine dolo et malo 

ingenio servabo. Et ego et heredes mei istam conoessionem et quitam clama- 
cionem oontra omnes homines warantizabimus imperpetuum. Et ut predicta 
firmitatis robur optiaea[n]t huio scripto sigillum meum apposui . anno domini . 
m"- ducentessimo lx. secundo. 

Hiis testibus . Waltero Louel tunc constabulario de Lang' . Philippo 
clerico de Kenefeg . Thoma Grammus . Mauricio Q-rammus . Philippo de 
CoRNELi . et multis aliis. 

Johannes Capell.inus de Bonevilla. 

! 

I I 

Eiohavd de Bonville. Eoger de Bonville. 

(See Nos. COLXIII.. CCLXIV.) 



670 



DCXXIII. 

CONFIEMATION BY THE ABBOT AND CONVENT OF ST. 
PETER'S, GLOUCESTER, TO HEEEWALD, SON OF HABRA- 
HAM, OF LAND IN THE FEE OF PENNUNE. 

[Cartul'"- S«'- Petri Glouc. Vol. II. p. 15.] Ante 1263. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus preesens scriptum visuris vel audituris Johannes 
Dei gratia abbas et conventus Sancti Petri Gloucestri^ salutem in Doniino. 
Noverit imiversitas vestra quod uos hoc praesenti scripto concessimus et con- 
firmavimus Herewaldo filio Habrah^ et hseredibus suis terram illam quam 
habet de dono ^mmm de Cogan videlicet tres acras et dimiiliam terrae arabilis et 
dimidiam acram prati et unum hortum in feodo nostro de Pennune, tenendas et 
habendas prsedictas acras cum horto sibi et hseredibus suis libere et quiete absque 
alicujus contradictione vel calumnia prout in carta quam habet de dicta Emma 
plenius continetur. In cujus rei testimoniimi, etc, eto. 

John de Felda, Abbot of St. Peter's, who died 12G3, here declares that he confirms to Herewald, son of 
Habraha, the land he had by gift from Emma de Cogau, in Pennuu. 

Very little is accurately known of the religious foundations, whether secular or regular, before the com- 
ing of Fitz Hamon ; the country was certainly divided iuto parishes, many of large area, but even of these 
nothing certain is knowu, the Liber Landavensit is the chief if not the only authority. Of the establish- 
ments of the regular clergy, the best known and most important were at Llantwit and at Llancai-yaD, and 
for what is known of them we are indebted to the Liber Landavensis. All the Jlonastic institutions seem 
to havc been awept away by the Normans, probably to be replaced by foundations of their own. 

DCXXIV. 

GRANT BY HUGH SIGIN OF SIGINSTON, TO SIR MAURICE 
PINCERNA, OF LAND IN SIGINSTONE, ON THE ROAD 
TO LLANTWIT. 

[Add. Oharter, 24,298.] S.D. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Hugo Sigin de Siginestone dedi et 
concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi domino Mauricio Pincerne et 
heredibus suis vel assignatis decem dainias et dimidiam terre cum pertiuentiis suis 



671 



de libero tenemento meo de Siginestgne soilicet que jacent continue in australi 
parte ville de Siginestone et propinquiores in parte orientali vie que duoit de 
SiGiNESTONE versus Landilt'. Tenendam et habendam de me et heredibus meis 
vel assignatis dicto Mauricio et heredibus suis vel assignatis libere et quiete bene 
et in pace integre et hereditarie imperpetuum. Reddendo inde annuatim mihi et 
heredibus meis vel assiguatis dictus Mauricius et heredes sui vel assignati duos 
denarios esterhngorum ad duos anni terminos scUicet ad festum Sancti Johannis 
Baptist unum denarium et ad festum Sancti Michaelis unum denarium pro 
omnibus serviciis querelis auxiliis sectis et secularibus demandis que de dieta terra 
exeunt vel aliquo oasu exire poterunt. Et ego Hugo et heredes mei vel assignati 
dictas decem dainias et dimidiam cum pertinentiis suis dicto Mauricio et heredibus 
suis vel assignatis contra omnes homin et feminas warentizabimus aoquietabimus 
et defendemus imperpetuum. Pro hac autem mea donatione et concessione et 
carte mee confirmatione dedit mihi dictus Mauricius sexdecim solidos argenti 
premanibus in ingressum. Et ut hec mea donatio et concessio rata et stabilis 
permaneat presentem carta sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . 

JoHANNE filio WlLLELMI . PeTRO filio EiOGERI . JOHANNE filio JoHANNIS . 
WlLLELMO ThUSARD . DavID filio RoGERI . HaMI'ND0 LaCHAM . WlLLELMO 

Herberd . et multis aliis. 

Syginston, Sygginland, or Tresigin is on the border line of the parishes of Llantwit Major and Llanvihangel, 
and no doubt took its name from a family named Siggin, who probably entered Glamorgan late in the 
12th or early in the 13th century. Their pedigree has not been preserved. Hugh Sigin was one of the 
jurors employed, circa 1262, upon the Survey of Llantwit and Liswrini [DCXX.]. As Hugh Sigin, of 
Sigiustone, he conTeys to the Lord Maurice Pincerna, ten dainias and a half of land there for lOs. cash, in 
silver [DCXXIT.], and in 12fi2, he witneased a Charter by Maurice Croc [DCXni.]. How or when the 
Sygins ended does not appear ; a daughter (Blanche) of Richard Came married Griffith Grant. of Siggin- 
ston, in 1558, the Grants were for some generations of that placs. 

There seems to havebeen another Siginston or Siginsland, in the hamlet of Lamphy, in St. Brides Major, 
which in 1528, Thomas ap Jevan Du, sold to 'William Herbert, and which was again sold in 15-H, by 
WUliam Stradling, of Talygam, and Margaret. his wife to William Tyler, for 45 marcs, who in the same 
year resold it to Thomas Stradling, of St. Donats, for 40 marcs [MCCCXXXUI.]. 

Dncange, the great authority on medieval Latin matters, omits to notice the dainia, which is eridently 
a land measure. 



672 



DCXXV. 

GRANT BY THOMAS, CHAPLAIN OF KENFIG, SON OF WILLIAM 
OF ST. DONATS, OF LAND IN THE FEE OF KENFIG, TO 
MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Chartee.] 

St. LrKE's Day. 18 October. 1264. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Thomas capellanus de Kenefeg filius 
WiLLELMi de Sancto Donato dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confir- 
mavi Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan . et monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus pro salute anime mee et parentum meonim in pnram et perpetuam 
elemosinam unam acram terre arabilis in feodo de Kenefeg . illam scilicet quam 
emi de Thoma Gramus . et jacet apud La Marle iuter terram quam Johannes 
Faber tenuit de predicto Thoma Gramus in parte occidentali . et terram quam 
JoHANNES le HoppARE similiter tenuit de eadem Thoma in parte orientali . et 
incipit a la Hamme juxta Goylake ex paite aquilonari . et pretendit se usque ad 
terram quam Walterus Luvel dedit Ysote sorori sue uxori predicti Thome 
Gramus iu liberum maritagium in parte australi. Tenendiun et habeudum 
imperpetuum sicut uUa elemosina liberius vel melius haberi vel teneri potest 
quantum ad me attinet. Reddendo tamen dicto Thome Gramus vel heredibus 
suis sicut ego reddere consuevi scilicet unum denarium ad festum Sancti 
Michaelis pro (jmni servicio. Et ut hec mea donacio et concessio faota anno 
Domini m°- cc°- sexagesimo quarto ad festum Sancti Luce evangeliste firma et 
inconcussa permaueat imposterum . presenti scripto sigillum meum apiJosui. 
Hiis testibus . domiuo Hugone tunc vicecomite de Kenefeg . Willelmo clerioo 
filio Alexandri de Kenefeg . Thoma Gramus . Mauricio de Cornely . 
Waltero Luuel . Maukicio de Corneli . Philippo clerico de Kenefeg . 

MaURICIO GhAMUS . WlLLELMO ScURLAGE . WlLLELMO Fr.ANKELEYN . Et 

midtis aliis. 

Seal, dark green wax, a pointed oval, IJin. by liu. Devico, a seeded 

fiem'-de-li8. 

Legend — ' [4- s. t]ome <;ape[lla]ni de kenefe[g].' 
Endorsed — ' Carta Thome oaj)ellani de una acra quam uobis dedit.' 



673 



DCXXVI. 

PEELIMINAEY FOEM OF THE DEED OF EEMISSION THAT 

FOLLOWS. 

[Margam Chartek.] 10 April. 1265. 

In nomine Domini nostri Jhesu Christi convenit inter abbatem etc. as in the 
deed following to partem scripti memorati. 

Datum apud Hanlegam . decimo die Aprilis . in presencia domini Gilberti 
de Clare eomitis Q-loxjcestrie et Hertfordie eorum patroni . anno Qracie 
m"- cc°- lx. quinto. 

Imperfect seal of tlie Earl of Q-loucester, as desoribed in the deed following. 
This is the only seal affixed to the deed, -which appears to be a prelimiaary 
consent acquired by the parties from the Earl bef ore they proceeded to make two 
sets of indented cyrographs, sealed with the seals of the respective abbots and 
convents, as well as with that of the Earl. The endorsement seems to favour 
this view — ' Transcriptum cyrographi inter nos et domum Tekesbiu"ie, sigLllatiim 
sigillo 0. comitis de Clare ' ; and in a later hand — ' De decimis de Novo Castello 
in manibus domus de Morgan.' 

DCXXVII. 

EEMISSION by tewkesbuey abbey to maegam abbey 
of the tithes of st. leonaed's, newcastle, foe 

TWENTY-FOUE MAEKS AND A HALF, PATEONAGE 

EESEEVED. 

[Margam Charter.] 28 April. 1265. 

In nomine Domini nostri Jhesu Chkisti . convenit inter abbatem et conventum 
et domum de Theokesburie ex parte una et a. et o. et d. de Margax ex altera . 
tam super decimis terrarum quas dicti a. et c. domus de M. propriis manibus et 
sumptibus excolunt quam super aliis imiversis decimis garbarum quas a. et c. d. 

4k 



674 



T. possident in parochia ecclesie sue Sancti Leonardi de Novo Castello 
Landavensis dioceseos in Glamorgan et super terris et omnibus aliis ad 
predictam ecclesiam pertinentibus una cum domibus quas Radulfus de Novo 
Castello canonicus Landavensis quondam firmarius ejusdera ecclesie aliquando 
tenuit cum curia gardino et oiio . Excepta vicaria secundum quod tempore 
presentis convencionis fuit taxata que in subscriptis consistit. Videlicet in toto 
altelagio . rainutis decimis . et omnibus decimis feni de Novo Castello . et 
altelagio de Lawelestone et de Tedegestowe . et omnibus deoimis de Hore- 
grave' integre . et omnibus decimis de capella Res . et omnibus decimis de 
capella Weir integre . videlicet quod a. et c. et d. de T. remisit doraui de 
Margan oranes deciraas proprii laboris . et concessit et dimisit eis omnes alias 
decimas garbarum . Necnon et oranes terras una cura oranibus aliis ad dictam 
ecclesiam pertinentibus inperpetuum possidendum. Ita tamen quod a. et c. de 
M. satisfacient vicario de curia et domibus vicario ejusdem ecclesie sufficientibus 
secundum arbitrium boni viri. Reddendo inde annuatira doraui de T. viginti 
quatuor raarcas et ilimidiara bonorum et legalium sterlingorura terminis 
subscriptis . Videlicet ad festum Sancti Michaelis duodeoim raarcas . tres 
solidos . quatuor denarios . Et ad Pascha proxime sequens duodecim raarcas 
tres solidos quatuor denarios in capitulo de T. Domus vero de T. retinuit in manu 
sua ]us presentandi vicariura ad vicariara ut supradictara est taxatam in eadem 
eoclesia quooiens ipsam vacare contigerit. Et hoc totum faetura est per oonsensum 
doraini Q-ilberti de Clare . oomitis Q-loucestrie et Hertfordie . patroni 
eorundem . Vicarius autem qui pro tempore fuerit in prefata ecclesia per a. et c. 
T. presentatus et ad vicariam predictam admissus omnia onera dicte ecclesio 
ordinaria sustinebit . Domus vero de M. extra-ordinaria. Et si oontingat 
doraui de M. super predictis sibi diraissis atque reraissis questionera moveri adeo 
quod necessaria oportoat instrumenta que a. et c. de T. inde habent ad 
defensionem dictorum a. et c. de M. exiberi . ideni a. et c. de T. instrumenta 
sufficiencia que super premissis penes ipsos habent quociens opus fuerit et 



676 



legitime fuerint requisite ad defensionem dictonmi a. et c. de M. super premissa 
convencione in judicio exibebunt quatenus dictat forma juris. Et si oporteat 
quod dicti a. et e. de M. ad istius pacis - seu composicionis amicabUem querant 
seu impetrent confirmacionem tam dicti a. et c. de M. quam dicti a. et c. de T. 
communibus sumptibus confirmacionem dioceseon . Videlicet Landavensis et 
metropolitani videlicet Cantuariensis impetrabunt . Confirmacionem vero 
papalem seu summi Pontificis . soli a. et c. de M. sumptibus propriis si viderint 
expedire impetrabunt. Et si contingat quod dicti a. et c. de M. dolo vel 
fraiide seu animo malignandi . questionem seu litem super premissis sibi dimissis 
movere procuraverint seu promiserint . idem a. et c. volimt et concedunt pro se et 
successoribus suis quod a dictis omnibus ad dictam ecolesiam speotantibus in 
perpetuum priventur. Et si contingat eos dictis decimis et aliis ad dictam 
ecclesiam spectantibus Judieialiter adjudicari seu privari . idem a. et c. de M. 
volunt et in virtute religionis sue bona fide promittant quod nunquam impos- 
terum in possessionem dicte eeclesie cum omnibus ad eandem eoclesiam 
spectantibus sine assensu et voluntate dictorum a. et c. T. iterato ingredi valeant. 
Quociens vero contigerit a. et c. de M. predictam pecuniam suis terminis 
solvere tociens recipiant a predictis a. et c. de T. literas acquietanciouis et 
tallias de ejusdem pecunie facta solucione. 

Per hanc autem amicabilem compositionem et convencionem seu pacis forma- 
cionem concedunt et volimt utrique scilicet tam a. et e. de M. quam a. et c. de T. 
quod omnes contenciones seu controversie inter ipsos seu aecioues hinc inde 
hactenus undecunque seu coutra quoscunque competentes remittantur imper- 
petuum . et penitus adniehilentur. Et si contingat dictos a. et c. de M. a dictis 
decimis sibi concessis et dimissis sentencialiter sine fraude dolo seu malo iugenio 
eorundem abjudicari extunc ad solucionem dictarum viginti quatuor marcai-um 
et dimidie . Idem a. de M. et conventus non teneantur . salvis prefatis a. 
et c. de T. occasione questione et jure si que eis competebant . seu que 
vel quas habuerunt ad omnes decimas proprii laboris dictorum a. et c. de 



676 



M. infra limites parochie prenotate . ante hujus comencionis composi- 

cionem seu hujus scripti coufeccionem. Ad dictam autem solucionem 

suis terminis et locis suprascriptis faciendam dicti religiosi de M. se 

obligarunt sub pena decem librarum dictis religiosis de T. solvendarum . 

quociens ipsos in predicta solucione cessare contigerit. Rata nihilominus 

manente prinoipali ohligacione. Suhicientes se jurisdiccioni et compulsioni 

archiepiscopi Cantuariensis qui pro tompore fuerit. Necnon juiisdiccioni et 

cohercioni episcopi Wygorniensis qui pro tempore fuerit seu alterius vel 

utriusque eorum . vices eorum gerenti vel gerentibus sede vel sedibus eorum 

vacante vel vacantibus . ut quicunque eorum fuerit interpellatus per religiosos de 

T. eleccione minime prejudicante possit dictos religiosos de M. per quodlihet 

genus pene ecclesiastice ad soluoionem prefate pecunie et eciam prediote pene si 

oommissa fuerit faciendam . quociens fuerint requisiti a dictis religiosis de T. de 

plano et siue strepitu judiciali compellere nisi litteram vel talliam de solucione 

ieta facta evidenter possint docere . Dictis religiosis de M. omni privilegio et 

exempcioni a sede apostolica eis indultis seu indulgendis . quo ad permissam 

solucionem et penam si committatur penitus renunciantibus. In cujus rei testi- 

monium utrique parti hujus scripti ad modum eirographi confecti partes 

prenominate sigua sua alternatim apposuerunt . una cvun apposicione sigilli 

domini Gilberti de Clare comitis Gloucestrie et Hertfordie patroni 

domuum predictarum . ad utram partem scripti memorati. 

Datum apud Theokesburiam quarto kalendas Maii . auuo Domini millesimo . 
ducentesimo . sexagesimo . quinto. 
Three seals, ia gi-een wax. 

1. Tewkesbury, much chipped, hut finely executed, pointed oval, about 
2^in. by l|in. Full length figure of the Abbot, robed, right hand elevated in 
blessing, the left on his breast. The ground is replenished with triplets of 
pellots, on the proper rigbt a cross, on the left a star. 
Legend gone. (The Abbot of Tewkesbury.) 



677 



2. A lump seal, |in. diam. A sixfoil rose, each. leaf bearing a shield of arms 
of Clare. 

Legend — * + sigillum bert de clare.' 

3. liin. diam. Device — The south face of Tewkeshury Abhey, with the 
Lady Chapel shewn on the proper right, behind a sort of croeketed tower. 

Legend gone. (See Birch, Catal. of Seah, No. 4,147.) 

The word cyROGRAPHUM, indented, cut across at the top of the deed. 

Endorsed — ' Compositio inter nos et domimi Tukesburie de Novo Castello,' 
'in manibus domus de Morgan.' 

Another eopy, not the counterpart of Uiis, without seals, is endorsed — 
' Compositio inter nos et domum Theokesbiuie pro decima de Langewithe et 
Stormy.' 

(1) ' Harewetre ' in the early copy. (2) Word wantmg— (?) ' conventionem.' 



DCXXVIII. 

COMMISSION BY ENRICO BARTOLOMEI, BISHOP OF OSTIA 
AND VELLETRI, TO THE DEAN OF WELLS AND THE 
ARCHDEACONS OF WORCESTER AND CAERMARTHEN, TO 
TAKE THE DEPOSITIONS OF WITNESSES IN A CAUSE 
BETWEEN THE ABBEYS OF MARGAM AND TEWKES- 
BURY, CONCERNING TITHES OF NEWCASTLE IN CO. 
GLAMORGAN, AND TO TRANSMIT THE SAME TO THE 
APOSTOLIC SEE FOR ADJTJDICATION. 

[Margam Charter.] 30 May. A.D. 1265. 

Henricus miseratione divina Ostiensis et Velletrensis episcopus discretis 
viris^ . . Deeano Vellensi et . . Wigorniensi et de Kaermerdin Menevensi 
dioceseos archidiaconis salutem in domino. 



678 



Dudxiin inter . . abtatem et conventum monasterii de Morgan Cisteeciensis 
ordinis Landavensis dioceseos ex parte una et . . abbatem et conventimi 
monasterii de Theukesbura . ordinis Sancti Benedicti Wigorniensis dioceseos 
ex altera super quibusdam decimis et rebus aliis . et super eo quod iidem abbas 
et oonventus de Morgan asserunt dictos abbatem et conventum de Theukesburia 
occasione decimarum ipsarum non absque juris injuria ad vetitum examen in foro 
secidari traxisse in causam contra canonicas sanctiones in euervationem 
ecclesiastice libertatis et propter hoc incurrisse dampna gravia et expensas et causis 
ipsis ad sedem apostolicam legitime devolutis felicis recordationis dominus 
Vrbanus Papa . iiu"^- nobis causas ipsas terminandas commisit. Comparentibus 
itaque coram nobis procuratoribus partium ex parte fratris Guillei.mi monachi et 
procuratoris dictorum abbatis et conventus monasterii de Morgan oblati fuerunt 
libelli quorum tenores tales sunt. 

Coram vobis reverende pater domine . . Ostiensis episcope a domino Pape 
partibus auditore concesso proponit frater Guillelmus procurator a. et c. m. de M. 
CisTERciENSis ordiuis Landayensis dioceseos contra a. et c. m. de T. ordinis Sancti 
Benedicti Wigorniensis dioceseos et eorum legitimiun procuratorem dicens 
quod licet dictis a. et c. de M. et ejus monasterio per sedem apostolicam sit 
indultum ut de terris eonmdem ante generale consilium aoquisitis quas 
propriis manibus et sumptibus excolunt nullus ab eis decimas exhigere aut 
extorquere presumat . dicti tamen a. et c. m. de T. de terris eoi'imdem a. et c. de 
M. in parrochia ecclesie de Novo Castro in Glamorgan Landavensis dioceseos 
existeutibus quas obtiuueruut ante concilium memoratum . et quas propriis 
manibus et sumptibus excolunt deoimas ab eis exhigere et extorquere nituntur et 
ipsos super hiis indebite perturbant et molestant quominus dicti a. et c. d. M. 
hujusmodi terras cum fructibus inde perceptis et percipiendis libere possideant 
pacifice ot quieto absque aliquarum decimarum prestatione quamquam dicti a. 
et c. de T. mdlum jus habeant taha faoieudi. 

Quare petit predictos a. et c. de T. sententialiter per vos compelli compesci et 
condempnari ut a dictis turbatione et molestatione desistant et eis inhiberi ne 



679 



de oetero simile attemptare presumant ao super hujusmodi decimis prediotarum 
terrarum diotis a. et o. m. de T. perpetuum silentium imponi cum nullum jus 
habeant in eisdem et heo petit una cum dampnis et interesse suo ac expensis 
factis in lite que omnia ex[is]timat trecentas marohas sterlingorum et expensas 
faciendas protestatur quas tempore sententie declarabit salvo jure, etc. 

Item proponit coram vobis reverende pater domine Ostiensis episcope a 
domino Pape partibus auditore concesso frater Guillelmus procurator . . a. et 
0. m. de M. Cisterciensis ordinis Landavensis diooeseos contra . . a. et c. m. de 
T. ordinis Sancti Benedicti Wigorniensis dioceseos et eorum legitimum pro- 
curatorem dicens quod dicti a. et c. m. de T. non absque juris injuria dictos . . 
A. et c. m. de M. super decimis terrarum eorundem infra limites parrochie eoolesie 
de Novo Castro in Glamorgan Landavensis dioeeseos consistentiimi quas 
dioti a. et c. de M. aoquisierunt ante eonoilium generale ad vetitum examen in 
foro seculari traxerunt in causam videlicet coram domino BiICCARDO de Clara 
quondam comite G-locestrie et baUivis ejus in enervationem ecclesiastice 
libertatis et contra canonicas sanctiones propter quod dicti a. et o. de M. dampna 
gravia et expensas inciurerunt que et quas extimant duoentas marchas sterling- 
orum. Unde petit dictos a. et c. de T. iu predictis duoentis marchis sibi 
sententialiter oondempnari . et eosdem a. et o. de T. pro eo quod dictos a. et c. de 
M. ad examen vetitum traxerant ut premissum est alias canonioe puniri. Item 
petit expensas in lite factas et protestatiu" faciendas quas tempore sententie 
declarabit salvo jure, etc. 

Cumque super eisdem libellis per proouratorem a. et c. de T. litis contestatio 
faota fiusset et hinc inde juratum de calumpnia et de veritate dicenda et alique 
positiones date fiussent . convenerunt procuratores partium quod oause hujusmodi 
vobis oomitterentur in hinc modum . scUioet quod ad partes vestras cause remit- 
terentur predicte . et quod vos vel duo vestnun si tertius non potuerit interesse aut 
noluerit apud Bristollum audiat causas easdem et ibi aotus judiciales totaliter 
examinetis salvo quod liceat dictis a. et c. de M. apud Strigullum Landavensis 



680 



dioceseos vel in loco proxiiniori domui sue . Et . . a. et c. de T. in loco domui sue 
proximiori testes suos producere examinandos ibidem secundum quod vobis vide- 
bitur expedrre. Item voluerimt et consenserunt expresse quod a. et c. de M. vos 
. . archidiacone de Kermerdin quem pro se elegenmt ad dictum locum cum 
suis et . . a. et c. de T. vos . . archidiacone Wigorniensis quem pro se 
elegerunt in suis expensis adducant. Vos vero . . decane Welensis quem pro 
tertio nos ad instantiam et de consensu procuratorum ipsorum couoessimus in 
commimibus expensis partiimi veniatis ad locum predictum . Si vero altera pars 
vos ibi ia suis expensis adduxerit reliqua pars partem expensarum se eontin- 
gentem de plano et sine coutradictione ac sine difficultate sibi persolvat . 
ordinationi vestre se super hiis suppoiientes. Convenerunt etiam et consen- 
serunt expresse procuratores predicti quod vos vel duo vesti-um infra duos menses 
a tempore preseutationis apostolicarum litterarum que vobis super hoc diriguntur 
positiones partium recipiatis et responsiones ad eas ao abinde infra alios duos 
menses inmediate sequentes testes utriusque partis et insti-umenta super articulis 
qm coram vobis fuerint hinc inde formati per vos aut alios ueutri parti suspectos 
prudenter ouretis recipere ac testes ipsos juxta iuterrogatoria vobis a partibus 
exhibenda si ea exhibere voluerint alioquin juxta datam a Deo vobis prudentiam 
diligenter examinare curetis. Quod si forte alterutra partium testes alterius 
voluerit reprobare vos alios testes qui super reprobatioue hujus modi fuerint hinc 
et inde producti infra tmum aliiun mensem predietis quatuor nullo medio sub- 
sequentem sapienter admittere ac examinai'e sollicite studeatis . Depositiones 
autem omniuni testium predietorum ac positiones hujusmodi et rosponsione quas 
ad eas fieri eontigerit ueeuon articulos supradictos et totum processum qui coram 
vobis habitus fuerit fideliter in scriptis redigi facientes et cum transcriptis iustru- 
mentorum ipsorum ac interrogatoriis supradictis sub vestris sigillis iuclusas ad 
sedem apostolioam transmittatis siguificautes que et quauta fides sit instrmnentis 
hujusmodi adhibenda prefixo partibus ipsis termino perhemptorie competenti quo 
per procuratores ydoneos cum onmibus actis munimentis et ratiouibus suis dictas 



681 



causas contingentibus apostolico se conspeetui representent . justam dante doniino 
sententiam recepture. Dictas autem conventiones partium ab auditore vestro 
approbatas ratas habentes eas sub sigillo vestro discretioni vestre intimare 
curavimus ut secundum illas in dicto negotio procedatis. 

Datum Perusii . lu. Kalend' Junii . Pontificatus domini^OLEMENTis Pape 
iiij''- anno primo. 

Pointed oval seal, impei-fect, in red wax, appended by hempen string. About 
2in. by Ifin. 

Obverse, a bishop, standing, ■with mitre and crosier, lifting up the right hand 
in blessing. 

'[ + s'] . HENRICI ET . VELLETREN . EPl'.' 

Eeverse, a small round counterseal, ^in. diam. A right haud and vested ann 
issuing from the sinister, grasping two keys erect in pale, the handles downwards. 

' : &>^ : AVE MARIA.' 

Endorsed — 'A comishon for examing of witnes eoncering the teything of 
lands in Newcastell betwin thabbotts of Morgan and Tewkesbur'. Sine dato.' 

(1) These blanks are so left, the names of the parties not having been snpplied. 
(2) Thie figure is either a rose of six leaves or a star. 



4L 



682 



DCXXIX. 

LETTER FROM TIIE DEAN OF GRUNUTH OR GRONEATH TO 
THE PRIOR OF TALLEY, COMMISSARY OF THE ABBOT 
OF WIGMORE AND OF MASTER GEOFFREY DE BURGO, 
CANON OF LLANDAFF, PAPAL DELEGATES, THAT HE 
HAS WARNED THE ABBOT OF GLOUCESTER, UNDER 
PAIN OF ECCLESIASTICAL CENSURE, OF HIS DEBT OF 
ONE HUNDRED POUNDS DUE TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

OCTAVE OF St. JaMES. 1 AuGITST. 1265. 

Viro discreto . domino priori de Tallei,etho cominissario abbatis de 
WiGEMORE . et magistri Galfridi de Burgo . canonici Landavensis . judicum 
a Domino Papa delegatorum . decanus de Grunuth salutem in Domino. 

Mandatum vestrum executus monai semel . secundo . et tertio . viros religiosos 
abbatem et conventum monasterii Sancti Petri Gloucestrie et eis puplice 
denunciavi ut citra instans festum Sancti Andree apostoli proximum venturum 
solvant a. et c. m. S. M. de M. Oisterciensis ordinis Landavensis dioceseos . 
centum libras sterlingorum . vel saltem de eisdem oentum libris eisdem a. et c. 
de M. citra idem festum satisfaciant. In quibus eos propter ipsorum temerariam 
et calumpniosam vexaoionem . eisdem a. et c. de M. ab ipsis nuper delatam 
mediante justitia . sententialiter condempnastis et diffinitive . scientes quod nisi de 
predictarum centum libranim solucione . vel satisfactione promissa faota eisdem 
a. et c. de M. in preelioto festo Sancti Andree docere potuerint . vos eos ad 
predictara solucionem sive satisfactionem faoiendam . per quamcunque expedire 
videritis oensuram ecolesiasticam oompelletis. In oujus roi tostimonium . pre- 
sentibus sigillum raeum apposui. 

Datum anno domini m" cc" sexagesimo quiuto . In octabis Sancti Jacobi. 

Seal wanting. 



683 



DCXXX. 

ASSI&NMENT OF THE EEMAINDEE, SEVENTEEN YEAES, OF 
A LEASE FOE TWENTY-FOUE YEAES, BY WILLIAM 
MAYLOO TO THE ABBEY OF NEATH, OF LAND AT 
BLUNTESMOE IN THE FEE OF OGMOEE, HELD OF 
PETEE BLUNDUS UNDEE THE LOEDS THEEEOF. 

[Francis MSS.] 

Mtdsummer Morroav. 1266. 

Universis presentes literas visuris vel audituris frater A. clictus abbas de Neth 
et ejusdem loci conventus salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas vestra quod 
nos recipimus de domino Willelmo Matloc terram de Bluntesmor in feodo de 
Ogemor' eisdem teiTainis et conditionibus quibus eandem terram Petrus Blundus 
eidem domino Willelmo tradidit . scilicet ad firmam vigiuti quatuor annorum 
e quibus septem jam elapsi et restant septem decem quibus diotam tenam tene- 
bimus sicut plenius in scripto inter eosdem conf ecto continetur hinc est quod nos 
per presens seriptum confitemm- et obligamus nos quod dui-ante eadem firma nihil 
de dicta terra recipiemus ad perpetuitatem et feodum absque seientia et vohmtate 
dominorum de Ogmor' qui pro tempore fuerint. In cujus rei testimonium 
presenti scripto sigillum nostrum apposuimus. Datimi in crastino beati Johanjn is 
Baptiste anno Domini millesimo ducentesimo sexagesimo sexto. 



684 



DCXXXI. 

MORTGAGE OR IMPIGNORATION BY PHILIP, SON OF 

ROBERT PALMER, AND AMABILIA HIS WIFE, TO 

MARGAM, OF LAND IN KENFIG MANOR, FOR THIRTY 

YEARS. 

[Margam Chartkr.] 

AlL SaINTs' DaY., 1 NOVEMBER. 1266. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presens scriptum v. vel a. Philippus filius Roberti 
Palmeri et Amabilia uxor ejus etemam in Domino salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos pro magnis necessitatibus nostris impignorasse . . 
a. et c. m. de Margan tres acras et dimidiam teiTe arabilis cum omnibus fructibus 
inde provenientibus et pertinenciis suis . quas habuiraus in manerio de Kenfeg . 
pro decem marcis sterlingorum quas ab eis pre manibus accepimus plenarie nume- 
ratas . scUicet totam terram illam quam Cecilia filia Alexandri dedit nobis in 
liberum maritagium . et jacet ab orientali parte ville de Kenefeg . in eultura que 
appellatur Portlond . juxta novum fossatum . habens ex omni parte terram pre- 
dictorum monachorum. Tenendum et habendum usque ad terminum triginta 
annorum proxime sequentium et integre complendorum. Ita tamen quod si 
in fine dietorum triginta annoiiim nos vel aliquis heredum nostrorum predictas 
decem marcas prefatis . . a. et c. persolverimus . liceat ei qui eas persolverit 
memoratam ten-am rehabere et libere percipere. Fructus autem de predicta 
terra provenientes voluraus et concedimus quod in usus predictorum a. et c. 
totaliter cedant usque ad finem prediotorum triginta annorum . quos eis dedimus 
et concessimus pro pastu et sustentacione nostra usque ad finem vite nostre . nobis 
ab eisdem exhibenda. Quod si forte in fine prodictorum triginta annorum nec nos 
uec aliquis heredum nostrorum prefatam pecuniam predictis . . a. et o. porsolveri- 
mus . liceat eisdem . . a. et c. totam predictam terram cum fructibus inde 
provenientibus pro memorata peccunia in pignus retinere . doneo eisdem de eadem 



685 



pecunia plenarie fuerit satisfactum. In cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto 
sigillum meum apposui. Aetum anno Domini u°- ec"- sexagesimo sexto . in 
festo omnium Sanctorum. 

Seal in dark green wax, |in. diam. A star or wheel of fourteen rays. 

Legend — '+ s' phimppi . le palmare.' 

Endorsed — ' Phill . filii Eob' Palmeri. Impignoratio trium acrarura et 
dimidie.' 

DCXXXII. 
FINAL CONCORD WHEREBT THOMAS, ABBOT OF MARGAM, 
QUIT-CLAIMS TO RICHARD, ABBOT OF ST. AUGUSTINE'S, 
BRISTOL, LAND AT PENHARTH AND COSTENTON. 

[Margam Charter.] 

2 AuGiisT. 50 Hbnry III. 1266. 

Cirographum inter nos et abb.atem Sancti Augustini de Bristoll' . de 
mora inter Tae et Eley juxta Kerdif . DE L. acris. 

Hec est finalis concordia facta in comitatu Glamoegan' die Lune in crastino 
festi Sancti Petri quod dicitur ad vincula . Anno regni Regis Henrici filii 
Regis JoHANNis quinquagesimo inter Ricardum abbatem Sancti Augustini de 
Bristoll' petentem ex ima parte . et Thomam abbatem de Margan tenentem 
ex altera . coram Bartholomeo de Mora tunc vicecomite G-lamorgan' . domino 
Waltero de SuLYE . Daniele Syward . Roberto de Sumery . Henrico de 
Humfrenvile . WiLLELMo Mailloke . mUitibus . WiLLELMO Flandrensi . 
Philippo le SoR . Philippo de Nerberd . Roberto de Anna . Johanne 
NoRREYs . et aliis fidelibus patrie liberis ibidem presentibus. Videlicet quod 
dictus Ricakdus abbas Sancti AcGrsTiM de Bristoll' et ejusdem loci conveutus 
unanimi assensu et consensu remiserunt et quiete clamaverunt pro se et sucoes- 
soribus suis dicto Thome abbati de Margan . et ejusdem loci conventui et 



686 



suecessoribiis siiis in perpetuum totum jus . et claraium quod habuerunt . vel 
habere potuerunt in quinquaginta acris terre cxim pertinencLis in Penharth . et 
CosTENTON . que jacent in mora juxta Kerdif inter aquam de Taf . et aquam de 
Eley . uude placitum motum fuit inter eos in eodem comitatu per breve de 
ingressu. Ita tamen quod dictus Ricardus abbas Sancti Augustini de 
Bristoll' . et ejusdem loci conventus et successores sui nicbil juris aut clamii in 
posterum iu jam dicta terra cum pertinenciis poterunt vendicare. Pro hac autem 
remissione . quieta clamaucia . fine . et concordia . dederunt dicti Thomas abbas 
de Margan et ejusdem loci conventus . dictis Ricardo abbati Sancti Augustini 
de Bristoll' et ejusdem loci conventui quadi-agiuta quinque mareas argenti pre- 
manibus. 

Richarca, Abbot of St. Augustiue'3, Bristol, occurs as witness toacharter by Williain, Earl of Gloucester, 
in 1170 [CXLVIII.] Thonias, Abbot of Margam, ia Thomas de Portecheweth (Portskewet). 



DCXXXIII. 

EOYAL COMMISSION TO EOGER DE SOMEEY AND HUGH 
DE TUEBEEVILL, TO COLLECT EVIDENCE IN THB 
SUIT BETWEEN LEWELIN, SON OF CEIFFIN, PEINCE 
OF WALES, AND GILBEET DE CLAEE, EAEL OF 
GLOUCESTEE, FOE THE AEBITEATOE PEINCE EDWAED. 

[EoT. Pat. 51 Henry III. Memb. 2.] 

14MAUCH. 1267. 
Wallia . Eex omnibus . . . etc. . : . salutem. Cum dilecti et fideles uostri 
Lewelinus filius Griffini princeps Wallie et gilbertus de Clare comes 
Glouc' et Hertf' submiserunt se dicto et ordiuacioni Edwardi primogeniti 
nostri karissimi supra omnibus transgressionibus et excessibus hinc inde hacteuus 
perpetratis mittimus dilectos et fideles nostros Eogerum de Somery et Hugonem 
de TuRBERviLL ad partos Marchie ad videndum et audiendum trausgressiones et 



687 



excessus predictos qualitercunque perpetratos et ad nos et dictum filium super 
eisdem transgressionibus et excessibus eertificandum citra festum Pentecoste 
proximo futurum. In cujus etc. Teste Rege apud Westmon' xiiii. die Marcii. 

This relates to one of the many qnarrels between Prince Llewelyn ap Gritiin and Earl Gilbert, in ivhich 
they agreed to siibmit their grievances to Edward, the eldest son of Henry III., who despatched Roger de 
Somery and Hugh de Turbervill, to enquire into the local injnries and complaints. 

DCXXXIV. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN MARGAM ABBEY AND MIOHAEL 
TUSARD, OF KENFIG, CONCERNING A LEASE FOR 
TWENTY YEARS, OF TWO-THIRDS OF A MESSUAGE, Etc. 

[Hakl. Charter, 75 A. 41.] 

St. MaRTIn's DaY. 11 NOVEMBER. 1267. 

C.I.R.O.G.R.A.P.H.U.M. 

Hec est convencio facta inter Thomam abbatem et conventum de Margan ex 
una parte et Michaelem Tusard de Kenefeg ex altera, anno incamacionis 
domini mcclx. septimo in festo Sancti Martini. Videlicet quod predictus abbas 
et conventus tradiderunt Michaeli Tusard de Kenefeg vel heredibus suis vel 
assignatis ad terminum viginti annorum duas partes unius messuagii cum orto 
uno et crofto et una acra terre, que acra jacet juxta novam fossam ad australem 
partem et juxta terram Philippi Coii et que partes messuagii sunt inter 
messuagium Willelmi Sturie et messuagiimi Johannis Asceline. Tenendum 
et habendum de nobis et domo nostra usque ad predietum terminimi integre, 
quiete, et pacifice. Reddendo inde annuatim nobis predictus Michael vel heredes 
sui vel assignati duos solidos sterlingorum ad duos anni terminos, videlicet ad 
festum Sancti Michaelis duodecim denarios, et ad Paseha duodeeim denarios 
pro omui servicio exactione et demanda. Pro hac autem convencione et 
concessione et presenti carta confu-macione dedit nobis dictus Michael decem 
solidos sterlingorum premanibus. Nos vero et successores nostri predicto 



688 



MicHAELi TusARD et herecLLbus suis vel assignatis predictas partes messuagii cum 
uno orto et una acra terre contra omnes homines et feminas warantizabimus 
acquietabimus et defendemus usque ad predictum terminum. In cujus rei 
testimonium predictus abbas et predictus Michael Tusard sigilla sua apposue- 
runt. Hiis testibus Willelmo Frankelin . Adam Harding . Johanne 
LuNE . Thoma Eussel . Adam Weremoth . Philippo Kifth . et multis aliis. 
Eound Seal, brown wax, a rosette. 

' + SIGILl' . MICHAEL' . TUSARD.' 

Endorsed — ' Cyrographum Michaelis Tusard.' 

Asceline is elsewhere uuknown in Glamorgau. He was probably a small landowner near Margau, as 
were the other persons named in the Chartev, bnt Robertus filius Asceline held one fee of Earl Patric, 
iu WiltB, and one of Walter Waleran [L.N., I. 107, 108], and also charged scutage for one kuight, in Wilts 
1166, [L. Ruber, I. 2«]. 

Philip Coh appears as a landowner uear Kenfig. 

The name of Thuaard, Tuaard, or Tosard, first appear.s in 1147—118-4, wheu Henry Thusard petitioned 
the Abbot of Tewkesbury for leave to build a church in Kenefeg (Kenfig), to be served by himself for Ms 
life, he paying a pen,sion of Is. on each feast of AU Saints. This was the parish church of St. James, and 
seema to be the rebuilding of a previous church. Tliis gare rise to a controversy in 1154 between St. 
Leonard's, Newcastle, represented by Parson Job, presbyter there, and Master Henry Thusard, concerniug 
tythes. This aame Henry witnesses an undated Charter concernmg church lands at Keufig, and another 
Henry witnesses a Charter by Kobert, Earl of Gloucester, in 1338. W. Tussard tests a Charter by Maurice 
Croc, congrming,in 1262, a gift of land iu Landmays. Also in 1267, Michael Tussard held, under Margan, 
two parts of messu.age, a croft, a garden, and an acre of land at a rent of 2s. Thia was probably the same 
who held one-sixth of a fee iu Llantwit in 1317, valued at lOs. 

[See No. DXC.] 



DCXXXV. 

GEANT BY PHILIP, SON OF EOBEET PALMEE, OF AN 
ACEE NEAE GOYLAKE TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Maugam Chauter.] 

Sciaut preseutes et futuri quod ego Philippus filius Eoberti Palmeri cousilio 
et assensu uxoris mee et heredum meormn pro saluto anime mee et omnium 
amicorum meorum dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea eoufirmavi D. et e. 
B. M. do M. et m. i. D. s. in puram et perpetuam elemosinam unam aoram teiTe 



689 



arabilis cum pertinenciis . que jacet ex australi parte de Goyelake . et 
extendit se in longum a Goyelake versus austrum usque ad terram que fuit 
WiLLELMi CoLE habens ab oriente terram que fuit Cecilie filie Alexandri . ab 
occidente vero terram que fuit Willelmi filii Herberti. Quam quidem acram 
emi de Thoma filio Eoberti Radl . tenendum et habendum libere et quiete . 
pacifice et integre . sicut ulla elemosina liberiixs et melius teneri potest. Ego 
vero et heredes mei predictam terram sicut jam dictum est prenominatis monachis 
contra omnes mortales in perpetuum warantizabimus. Et ut hec mea donacio 
et concessio fiiTaa et stabilis perseveret inposterum . presenti pagine . quia 
sigillum proprium non habui . sigillum Thome Gtramus apposui. Hiis testibus. 
Entitled — ' Carta Philippi filii Eoberti Palmeri de una acra terre.' 



DCXXXVI. 

GEANT OF A MESSUAGE IN KENFIG BT PHILIP, SON OF 
EOBEET LE PATJMEE, AND HIS WIFE, TO MAEGAM 

ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Soiant presentes et futuri quod ego Philippus filius Eoberti le Paumer 
consilio et assensu Amabilis uxoris mee et heredum meorum pro salute anime 
mee et antecessomm et sucoessorum meonim dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta 
confirmavi D. et B. M. de M. et m. i. D. s. unimi messuagium in villa de 
Kenefeg . IUud scilicet quod pertinet ad burgagium meum. Et est ad 
australem partem cimiterii . habens es parte orientali messuagium Hugonis filii 
JoHANNis sacerdotis . ex parte autem occidentali messuagium quod fuit Osberni 
le HoPAR . in pui-am et perpetuam elemosinam. Tenendam et habendam de me . 
et heredibus meis in perpetuum sieut uUa elemosina liberius teneri potest. Et in 
hujus rei testimonium huic scripto sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus 

4 M 



690 



Waltero Luuel . E.ICARDO clerico . "Willelmo Frankelein . Johanne 
WiTARD . NiCHOi.Ao filio meo . Thoma Gramus . et multis aliis. 

Seal, dark green wax, poiDted oval, IJin. by lin. Device, a rude fleur-de-lis. 

Legend — ' -I- s' . philippi . le . pavm'.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Philippi filii Roberti le Paumer de . uno mesuagio in 
Kenefeg.' 

DCXXXVII. 

GRANT BT PHILIP, SON OF ROBERT PALMER, AND AMABILIA 
HIS WIFE, OF LAND IN KENFEG TO MARGAM. 

[Margam Charter.] 

Universis Christi fidelibus presentibus et futims hoc scriptum v. et a. . 
Philippus filius RoBBRTi Palmeri et Amabilia uxor ejus eternam in Domino 
salutem. 

Noverit uuiversitas vestra nos pro salute animarum uostrarum et omnium 
anteoessorum et successorum nostrorum dedisse et concessisse et h. p. c. mea c. 
D. et e. B. M. de M. et monachis i. D. s. in puram et perpetuam elemosinam 
tres acras terre arabilis et dimidiam iu manerio de Kenefeg. Scilioet 
totam terram illam quam Cecilia filia Alexandri dedit nobis in liberum 
maritagium. Bt jacet ab orientali parte ville de Kenefeg in cultura que 
appellatur Portlond . juxta novum fossatum habens ex omni parte terram 
predictorum monachorum. Tenendum et habendum sicut ulla elemosina 
liberius et melius teneri et haberi potest imperpetuum . Nos vero et heredes 
nostri predictam terram predictis monachis contra omnes mortales imperpetuum 
warantizabimus. Et ut hec . nostra donacio coneessio et confirmacio . fii-ma . 
stabilis . et inconcussa perseveret in posterum . presenti scripto quia sigillum 
proprium non habuimus . ud peticionem nostram David W.\smeiii sigillum 
8uum apposuit. Hiis testibus . Willelmo clerico filio Alexandri . Willelmo 



691 



Albo . WiLLELMo Frankeleyn . Thoma Gramus . David Wasmeir . Philippo 
clerico . Maukicio Gkamus . et multis aliis. 

Seal in dark green wax, pointed oval, a fleiir-de-lis, Igin. by fin. 

Legend — ' + sigilum david.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Philippi filii Roberti de Kenefeth Palnieri et Amabilie de 
tribus acris et dimidia,' and in a later hand — ' in Kenfeg.' 

DCXXXVIII. 

GEANT BY PHILIP, SON OF ROBEET PALMEE, OF LAND TN 
THE FEE OF KENEFEG, TO MAEGAM ABBEY. 

[Margam Charter.] 

St. Philip and St. James. 1 May. 1267. 

TJmversis . Chkisti fidelibus p. et f. hoc scriptum v. et a. Philippus filius 
Eoberti Palmarii et Amabilia uxor ejus eternam in Domino salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra nos pro salute animarum nostrariun {etc. etc. «••>■ in 
the precediny yrant doicn to) mouachorum. Tenendum et habendum sicut ulla 
elemosina liberius et melius teneri et haberi potest in perpetuum. Et ut hec 
nostra donacio . concessio . et confinnacio . facta anno Domini m°- cc"- sexagesimo 
septimo ad festum Sanctorum Philippi et Jacobi apostolorum firma . stabilis . 
et inconcussa perseveret inpostervmi . presenti scripto quia sigiUum proprium 
non habuimus . ad peticionem nostram . Willelmus Frankeleyn . sigillum 
suum apposuit. Hiis testibus The' \_for Thoma] capeUano de Kenefeg . 
Willelmo filio Alexandri . Willelmo Frankeleyn . Philippo elerico . 
Thoma Walensi . Mauricio Gramus . Willelmo Albo . et multis aliis. 

Seal in dark green wax, pointed oval, IJin. by Jin. An omamental fleur-de-lis 
with two birds upon it. 

Legend — ' -|- s' wilelmi . [f]raunkeleyn.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Philippi Palmer,' and later — ' Portland, Kenfeig.' 



692 



DCXXXIX. 

GKANT BY THOMAS, SON OF ROBERT RAUL, TO PHILIP, 
SON OF liOBERT PALMER OF KENEFEC, OF LAND IN 
KENFIG MANOR. 

[Margam Charter.] Circa 1267. 

Seiant presentes et futuri quod ego Thomas filius Roberti Raul . d. et c. et 
h. p. c. m. c. Philippo filio Roberti Palmeri de Kenefec unam acram terre 
arabilis cum pertinenciis in manerio de Kenefec pro servicio suo . jacentem ex 
australi parte de Goielake et extendit se iu longum a Goielake usque ad terram 
que fuit Willelmi Cole habens ab orieute terram que fuit Cecilie filie 
Alexandri . ab occidente vero terram (jue fuit Willelmi filii Hereberti. 
Teuendum et liabendimi sibi et lieredibus sais vel assignatis de capitali.domino de 
Kenefec libere . et quiete . integre . et pacifice . faciendo inde annuatim dicto 
domino de Kenefec servicium quod ego et antecessores mei dominis de Kenefec 
pro dieta acra facere debuimus et consuevimus . pro omni servicio se.::ta exactione 
et- seculari demanda . absque aliquo retenemento mei vel heredum meorum in 
perpetuum. Pro hae autem mea donatione concessione confirmacione et quita 
clamacione . dedit niihi dietus Philippus viginti et quinque solidos ai'genti 
premanibus in gersuma. Et ego dietus Thomas et heredes mei dicto Philippo 
et heredibus suis vel assiguatis dictam aeram terre cum omnibus suis pertinenoiis 
contra omnes homines et feminas in perpetuum warantizabimus. Et ut hec mea 
donaeio . concessio . coufirmaeio . et quita clamaeio finnitatis robur habeat 
in posterum hanc presentem cartam sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis 
testibus . Symone Tinctore . Willelmo de Pola . Rogero Galun burgensibus 
de TErrEBUKi . Wu.lelmo clerico filio Alexandri de Kenefec . Philu-po 
elerieo . Thoma Gr.vmus . Willelmo Frankelen et aliis. 

Scal, dark greou wax, 1 ^in. diam. Device, a sort of wliocl or star of seveu rays. 

Legend — ' + sigili/ rnoME . filii . iioit^Ti.' 

Endorsed — ' Carta Thome filii Roberti Raul quam fecit Philippo filio Roberti 
rahuer de una acra terre.' 



693 



DCXL. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN PKINOE LEWELIN AND EARL 
GILBERT DE CLARE, CONCERNING THE MEN OF 
MISKYN, SENGENTTH, Etc. 

[P.R.O. Regist. Munim. Liber A. f. 366.] 

Thursday before Mich.\elmas Day. 52 Henry III. 1268. 

Compositio facta inter Lewelinum principem Wallie et Dominuiu Snawdon' 
ex ima parte et Dominum G' de Olark ex iiltera. 

Die Jovis proxima ante festum Sancti Michaelis anuo regni Regis Henrici 
filii Regis Johannis quinquagesirao secundo apud Pontem Monachorum in 
Cantreffely convenit iuter Dominum Lewelinum principem Wallie Domi- 
num Snawdonie ex una parte et Doiiiimmi Gilbertum de Clare comitem 
Gloucestrie et Hertfordie ex alteru super contencionibus et discordiis inter 
ipsos motis super hominibus ten-is trausgi-essionibus et rebus aliis de quibus iiuper 
apud Mongomeriam coram venerabUi patre episcopo Exoniensi et socus suis per 
domiuum Regem ibidem trausmissis agebatur. Videlicet quod predicti princeps 
et eomes consenserunt quod dies Mekcurii proxima post quindenam Sancti 
Michaelis anno predicto quem super eisdem predicti episcopus et socii sui pre- 
fixerunt ooram domino Rege prorogetur usque in octabas purificationis Sancte 
Marie proximo futui-as. Consenseruut etiam iidem priuceps et comes quod 
interim venerabilis pater episcopus Bangorensis, Q-rono ab Edenaveth, Tuder 
ab Edenaveth, et David ab Eynon, ex parte predicti principis electi, et domini 
JoHANNEs filius JoHANNis, JoHANNES dc Breusa, magister RoGERus de 
Leycester domini Pape capellanus, et dominus Herveus de Borham, ex 
parte predicti comitis electi prestito prius corporali sacramento quod fideliter 
et exquisite audiant rationes hinc inde propositas et proponendas super premissis 
ea secimdum justitiam terminabunt et diffinieut. Predicti vero princeps et 
comes bona fide injungent suis ad predicta electis quod odio favore timore 



694 



revereutia vel (lominio seu amore alicujus dimittent quin fideliter nrocedant in 
negocio supradicto. Et predicti princeps et oomes staliiint per omnia et in 
omuibus judicio dicto et ordinaeioni arbitrio seu iaudo predictorum electorum in 
premisBis. Et si contiugat quod absit quod predicti electi unanimi consensu 
preiiicta negocia aliquo casu iufra terminum supradietum non terminaverint 
predicti prineeps et oomes de alia via terminandi predicta infra predictas octabas 
providebunt et si evenerit quod predicta nec per primam viam uec per secundam 
infra predictas ootabas tenninentur ad pleuum sint omnia predicta negoeia in 
predictis octabis coram domino Rege in eo statu in quo esse debuerant coram eo 
predicta die Mekcurii post quindenam Sancti Michaelis. De hominibus autem 
de Meyskyn et de Seingheny et quos dictus comes dicit per dictum principcm 
sibi esse subtractos de quibus idem princeps fuit in seisina die confecciouis 
presencium sio convenit inter eos quod illi de Meyskyn usque ad predictas octabas 
purificacionis cum averiis siiis et catallis moreutur inter ten-am de Bretonia et 
Glenrotheny et illi de Seyngheny similiter usque ad predictum tempus morentur 
cum averiis et catallis inter terram Bretonie et aquam que dicitur Caayach ita 
tamen quod occasione more predictorum hominum uichil predictis principi seu 
comiti accrescat seu decrescat . et ad hec omnia fideliter et sine dolo observanda 
predicti princeps et comes corporale prestiterunt sacramentum. Et ad majorem 
securitatem predicti princeps et comes huic scripto in modimi cyrograi^hi confecto 
sigilla sua altematim apposuerunt. Et sciendum est quod dicti electi officium 
suum incipieut die Mercurii proximo post festum Epiphanie Domini proximo 
futurum, apud Eadbryn in Bretonia de die in diem proeedendo donee predieto 

compleverint. Actum anno die et loco predictis. 

Thin is an attempt, probably not entered upon in good faith, on either side, between Prince Llewelyn 
and Rarl Gilbert, to pnt an end to the perpetiial wars carried on between the Welsh and English of the 
borders, in accordancj with the recommendation of :i commission which held a loeetinj; at Montgomery. 

It appears frora the record that tUe scene of tlie .«pecial difterence was in the lordships of Miskin nnd 
Senghenydd. 



695 



DOXLI. 

SETTLEMENT ON THE MAERIAGE OF JOHANNA, DAUGHTER 
OF WILLIAM DE EETNI, TO JOHN LE BOTYLLEE. 

[Harl. Oharter, 55 C. 45.] 

St. Katherine's Day. 25 November. 1268. 

Notum sit omnibus presens scriptiun visuris et audituris quod ego [Willelmus] 
de Eeyni dedi concessi et hoc presenti scripto confirmavi Johanni le Botyller 
et JoHANNE de Eeyni filie mee et heredibus ejusdem Johanne de [Eeyni et 
suis] assignatis totum manerium meum in Bageber' cum advocacione ecclesie 
una cum omnibus homagiis scutagiis wardis releviis . . . redditibus et omnibus 
aliis serviciis et cum omnibus villauis et eorum sectis ac catallis boscis pratis 

pasturis stagnis molendinis marler[iis] piscariis montibus planis viis et 

semitis ac omnibus aUis aisiamentis ad predictum manerium pertinentibus. 
Habendum et teneudum predictum mauerium ciun omnibus suis quibuscunque 
pertinenciis predicto Johanni le Botyler et predicte Johanne de Eeyni 
et heredibus ejusdem Johanne de Eeyni vel suis assignatis de me et heredibus 
meis Hbere quiete et pacifice ac jure hereditario inperpetuum. Eeddendo inde 
annuatim predieti Johannes le Botyler et Johanna de Eeyni et heredes 
ejusdem Johanne de Eeyni vel sui assignati michi predicto Willelmo 
quamdiu vixero trigiuta libras argeuti et post decessum meum heredibus meis 
imuin denarium argenti ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omnibus serviciis. Ego 
vero predictus Willelmus et heredes mei predictis Johanni le Botyler et 
Johanne de Eeyni et heredibiis ejusdem Johanne de Eeyni et suis assignatis 
totum predictum manerium cum omuibus pertinenciis ut supra soriptum est contra 
omnes mortales per servicia predicta warantizabimus et defendemus iuperpetuum. 
Et ut hee mea donatio concessio et presentis scripti confirmatio rata et stabilis 
inperpetuum permaneat huic presenti scripto sigLllum meum apposui. Hiis 



696 



testibus . Warino de Raleye . Eic. de Wirecest' . Symone de Mer . . . militibus . 
EicARDo filio Bernardi . Henrico de Fidigton . Willelmo Fitchet . 
WiLLELMo Panioth et aliis. 

Datum apud Essholte ad festum Sancti Katerine virgiuis et martiris 
[anno] regni Eegis Henrici quinquagesimo tertio. 

Bagaher' is West-Bagborough, co. Somerset. 

DCXLII. 

Bin.L OF POPE CLEMENT IIII., EATIFYING AN AGEEEMENT 
BETWEEN THE ABBEYS OF MAEGAM AND TEWKES- 
BUEY, CONCEENING THE TITHES OF ST. LEONAED'S, 

NEWCASTLE. 

[Margam Charter.] 

23 January. 3rd Year. 1268. 

Clemens episcopus servus servorum Dei . dileetis filiis . . abbati et conventui 
monasterii Sancte Marie de Margan Cisterciensis ordinis Landavensis 
diocesis . salutem et apostolicam benedictionem. 

Ea que judicio vel concordia terminantur firma debent et illibata i^ersistere et 
ue in recidive uontentionis scrupuiimi relabantur . apostolico convenit presidio 
communii'i. Exhibita siquidem uobis vestra petitio continebat . quod dudum 
inter vos . ex uua parte . et . . abbatem et conventum mouasterio de Theokes- 
bijri ordinis Sancti Benedicti Wigorniensis diocesis ex altera . super deoimis 
provenientibus quibusdam terris vestris in parrochia ecclesie Sancti Leonardi de 
Novf) Castro iu Gl.\mmarg.\n i'on8isteutibus oita niateria questionis . tandem 
post diversas commissioues ab apostolica sede super hoc . ad judiees diversos 
obtentas et processus etiara varios liabitos per easdom . amicabilis super heo inter 
partes . compositio , iuiiTveuit . prout in patentibus litteris iude confeetis plenius 
dieitur oontineri . nos itaque vestris sui^iilicatiouibus inelinati . comiiositionera 
hujusraodi siout rito . ac sine pravitate jiroinde faota est et ab utnKiue parte 



697 



sponte recepta et hactenus pacifice observata . ratam et firmam habentes . eam 
auctoritate apostolica confirmamus . et presentis scripti patrocinio communimus. 
Nulli ergo omnino homimun liceat hanc paginam nostre confirmationis Lnfringere 
vel ei ausu temerario contraire. Siquis autem hoc attemptare presumpserit . 
indignationem omnipotentis Dei et beatorimi Petri et Pauli apostolorum ejus 
se noverit incm-surum. 

Datum ViTERBii X. Kalend. Februarii . Pontificatus nostri anno tertio.i 

A leaden Bulla of the Pope is appended by strands of yellow and red sLlk, and 
sewn up in a casing of thin kid leather. 

Endorsed, in a contemporary hand — ' Johaime de Pergamo ' ; ' Confirmacio 
ecclesie de compositionis [sic) de Nova {sw) Castro in Grlammorgan.' 

In a very late hand — ' Bull of Pope Clement i^., confirming the agreement 
between the Abbot of Margam and the Abbot of Tewkesbury conceming the 
tithes of New-Castle.' 



DCXLIII. 

QUIT-CLAIM BY WEONO AB SETSIL OF LAND IN LLANGEINOR 

TO MARGAM ABBEY. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 C. 52.] Circa 1270. 

Universis Christi fidelibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris Wronu ab 
Setsil salutem in Domino. Noverit universitas vestra quod ego consiiio et 
consensu Knaitho et Wronu Vahhan filioiiim meorum et heredum et aliorum 
amicorum meorum ooncessi et quitum clamavi et hac presenti carta confirmavi 
Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Margan et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus 
totum jue meum et totum clamium quod habui in terra illa de EaLESKEyNUR que 

4 N 



698 



appellatur Taleschanlhere que jacet inter rivulum que appellatur Nantikhi et 
aquam de Uggemore soilicet quicquid ego et aatecessores mei unquam liabuimus 
inter aquam de Garwe et aquam de Uggemore in bosco vel in plano. Ut 
habeant et teneant dicti monaohi dictam terram libere et quiete et pacifice pro rae 
et omnibus heredibus meis qui sunt vel erunt sicut ullum tenementum vel uUa 
elemosina liberius haberi potest vel teneri. Et sciendum quod ego et predicti 
filii mei afiidavimus et super sacrosanota ecclesie de Margan juravimus quod 
istam concessionem et quitam olamacionem fideliter et sine dolo servabimus et 
contra omnes homines dictis monachis warantizabimus in perpetuum. Hiis 
testibus . Mauricio olerico de Langonet et Eeso fratre ejus . Ricardo clerioo de 
Kenefeg . Torvard' ab Espus . Reso Coh . Cradoco ab Ricard . Osberno et 
Thoma de Kantelo monachis de Margan . Espus et Kanaan oonversis de 
Margan et multis aliis. 

Endorsed — ' Abjuratio Wronu ab Seisil de terra de Egliskeinwii-.' 

Wvomi ab Se}'i?il. aml his 3ons Knaithur and Wronu Vahhan appear as Welsh landowners of Tales- 
chanlhere. in Egleskeynwir, which lay between the Nantiki and the Ogwr, or between the Gavw and the Ogwr. 



DCXLIV. 

CYEOGRAPH AGltEEMENT BETWEEN MARGAM ABBEY AND 
JOHN DE NORREYS, CONCERNING LAND IN BONEVILESTON. 

[Harl. Charter, 75 A. 36.] Circa 1270. 

•A-BC-DEF- 

Cum quedam convenoiones mote f uerant inter Q-illebertum abbatem monasterii 
beate Marie de Margan ex una parte et dominum Johannem le Norreys ex 
altera super quibusdam consuetudinibus et serviciis exeuntibus de terris et tene- 



699 



mentis que idem Johannes tenet in Bonevileston de prefato abbate et 
ecclesia sua predicta in Bonevileston amicabilis composicio inter ipsos 
conquievit sub tali forma videlicet quod prefatus Johannes pro se et heredibus 
suis et assignatis suis reeognovit et concessit se tenere omnia predicta tenementa 
de predicto abbate et ecclesia sua predicta per servioium duodecim denariorum per 
annum ad festum Sancti Michaelis et faciendo sectam ad curiam prefati abbatis 
de Bonevileston de mense in mensem, et foriusecum servicium quantum ad 
tantum tenementum pertinet, et racionabile relevium cum evenerit, et custodiam 
predictorum teuementorum in tempore minoris etatis heredum suorum seu heredum 
assignatorum suorum et fidelitatem. Pro hac autem recognicione conoessione et ad 
instanciam domini Gilleberti de Clara comitis Gloucestrie et Hertfordie 
prefatus abbas pro se et suocessoribus suis et ecclesia sua beate Marie de Margan 
concessit waranti^are prefata tenementa de feodo suo de Bonevileston prefato 
JoHANNi le NoRREYS et herodibus suis si contigerit ipsos ab aliquibus implacitari 
per breve domini Q-illeberti de Clara comitis G-louoestrie et Hertfordie in 
comitatu de Kardif sub tali condicione quod si idem Gillebertus abbas vel 
aliquis alius abbas successor suus de abbacia de Margan in prefato comitatu vel 
alibi ubi respondere debeat versus quemquam ipsum Johannem le Norreys seu 
heredes suos cimi vocatus fuerit ad warantmu warantizaveriut et prefatam terram 
per warantiam suam per processum placiti seu per patriam seu nou defensum seu 
per defaltam seu quooimque aliquo alio modo versus petentem amiserit seu ami- 
serint ; idem Johannes vel heredes sui nichil habebunt per judieium illius curie 
seu alicujus alterius pro valenoia predictorum tenementoi"um de prefato abbate 
seu successoribus suis sive de ecclesia sua de Margan predicta nisi uuuiu par 
calcarium deauratorum precii sex deuariormu sive sex denarios nomiue valeucie 
prefate terre sic amisse. Et ego Johannes le Norreys miles hoc concedo et pro 
me et heredibus meis confirmo et ratifico imperpetuum. Et preterea ego Johannes 
le NoRREYS volo et concedo pro me et heredibus meis quod si aliquo tempore 
presumamus plus pro valencia predicte teiTe de Bonevileston versus predictum 



700 



QiLLEBERTUM abbatem seu successores suos abbacie de Margan si amissa fuerit 
per placitum petere quam unum par calcarium deauratorum precii sex denariorum 
vel sex denarios quod ex tunc ego Johannes vel heredes mei teneamur abbati de 
Margan qui pro tempore fuerit et ecclesie sue beate Marie de Margan ex puro 
debito in centum libris sterlingorum persolvendis omniuo eidem abbati et ecclesie 
sue beate Marie de Margan antequam aliqua seysina alicujus terre pro valencia 
prediote terre de Bonevileston de prefato Q-illeberto abbate seu successoribus 
suis mihi seu heredibus meis liberetur. In cujus rei testimoniuni partes predicte 
huic scripto in modum cyrographi confecto alternatim sua sigilla apposuerunt. 

Endorsed — ' Convencio Johannis le Norreys.' 

Fragment of a seal of arms : a cross fleury. Green wax. 

Norris, Noreis, Noreys, Norensis, were from Gloucestershire, and early settlers in Glamorgan where 
they held Penllyue and probably Llanvihangel, which they also held in 1320, eaoh lordship as one knighfa 
fee. Sir Robert Noreis was, no doubt, the builder of the Castle of Penllyne, where atill remains a frag- 
ment of a small rectaugular keep, ahewing herring-bone masonry, very rare, even if existing anywhere 
elae in South Wales. Sir Robert, and perhaps hls son of the same name, filled the office of Sheriff under 
Robert consul, and William Earl of Gloucester. 

Their successor waa Sir John le Norreis, who gave a croft to Margam, about 1188, and made a convention 
with Margam, whence it appears that he held land in Bonevileston under the Abbot. In 1262, he, or his 
son, was one of a jnry of twelve for an Estent of Glamorgan, when it appears that Penllyne, possibly with 
Llanvihangel, was rated at £16 per annum. 

John seems to have been a popular name with the family. 

In 1376, John, son and heir of John le Noris, ot Leche-Onstel, was under age, so Margam granted a leaee 
at BouviUeston for the terni of his minority. And in 1400, Pierre CruII, tres cher escuier to Henry IV., 
had the wardship of the lands of John le Norris, chevalier, deceased, held iu capite of Thomas le Despencer, 
and talling to the Crown on his attainder in the time ot Richard II. With the land Crull had the wardship 
of John'9 daughter and heiress Margaret. CoIIinson calls her Elizabeth, and married her to William Cahor, 
of Coker, oounty Somerset. Of this there is no record, but the Welsh pedigree gives to a John le Norris f our 
daughters, co-heiresses, of whom (1) Beatrice, married Walsh, ot Llandough ; (2) Maud, married Philip 
Morgan. of Pencoyd ; (.?) Lucy, married Tompkin Turberville, wheuce the Turbervilles of Penllyne ; 
(4) Wenlliau. Several other Norrises occur in the Charters, as Owen, Robert, Richard, Nicholas. 



701 



DCXLV. 

WILLIAM, SON OF WORGAN THE PHYSICIAN, GRANTS LAND 
TO MILO DE REYNGNL 

[Add. Charter, 24,247.] 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus filius Worgani medici dedi 
concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi domino Miloni de Reyngni 
medietatem viginti acrarum terre quas teneo per cartam Willelmi de Eeyngni 
patris dioti Milonis que jacent in parte australi que ducit usque terram Wronou 
Wassan per metas et bundas sicut divisa est. Habendam et tenendam pio me et 
heredibue vel assignatis [meis] sibi et heredibus suis sive assignatis libere quiete 
pacifice integre jure hereditario in perpetuum. Reddendo inde annuatim domino 
feodi qui pro tempore fuerit tres solidos ad duos anni terminos videlicet ad 
nativitatem beati Johannis Baptiste xviii. deuarios et ad festum Sancti 
Michaelis xviii. denarios pro omnibus servioiis querelis sectis curiarum et 
seoularibus demandis. Pro hac autem donacione concessione et carti mei (sic) 
oonfixmatione dedit mihi dictus Milo xx. solidos sterlingorum premanibus. Ego 
vero predictus Willelmis et heredes mei vel mei assignati dictam medietatem 
dicte terre sicut divisam (s/t;) est dioto Miloni et heredibus suis et suis assignatis 
pro predicto servicio contra omnes mortales warantizabimus acquietabimus in per- 
petuum et defendemus. Ht heo autem mea donatio concessio et carti mei (sic) 
confirmatio stabihtatem et robur optineat in perpetuum hanc presentem oartam 
meam sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . Waltero de Reyngni . 
tunc domino feodi . Wbonou Wassan . Lewelino Tyr . Johanne Frankeleyn . 
Meilir ap Cradoc . et aliis. 

Small seal of green wax : a rosette of eight points. 

' + S LE . MIKE.' 

This is a grant in fee by William, sonof Worgan, a physician, to the Lord Milo de Reigny of the moiety 
of 20 acrea of land, which he held by Oharter of William, father of Milo, and which lay south of the land 
of Wronou Wassau : Milo to pay 3s. per annum to the chief lord, and 203. into the handa of the grantor. 



702 



Of the wituesses, Walter de Heigny was lord of the fee. 

There is no good pedigree of de Reigny, the foUowing is imperfect : — 

John de Reigny, 27 Henry III., of Eggesford, Devon. 

John de Reigny. 

Richard de Reigny. 

I 

John de Reignv. 

I 
Richard de Reigny, la Edward III. 

John de Reigny, of Eggesford=a grand-daughter of Roger Page. 

John de Reignj'=daughter and heiress of Weele. 

John de Reigny. 

John de Reigny. 

Richard de Reigny. 

I 
John de Reigny. 

I 
Charles Copleston=Ann de Reigny. 

/\ 

William de Reigny, temp. Henry 11. 
Rogerde Reiguy, temp. 12 John. 
Sir Johu de Reigny, temp. Henry III. 
Arm« : Gules, 2 wings conjoined in line ermine. 



DCXLVI. 

JOHN LE PORC OF CARDIFF, GRANTS TWO BUEGAGES IN 
CAEDIFF TO WALTEE DE EENGNT. 

[Add. Charter, 24,248.] S.D. 

Sciant presenteB et futuri quod ego Johannes le Porc de Kardif dedi uoucessi 
et hac presenti carta mea confirmuvi Waltero de Eengny duo burgagia oum 
pertincnciis suis in Kardif quoruiu uuani burgagiiuu situm est iuter Lurgagium 
aliquamlo Eicardi fabri et burgagiimi Nithklfi de Pennakt alteruni vero 
bui-gagium situm est extra jwrtam meridionalem versus mare juxta burgagium 
quondam Willelmi Seward. Habenda et tenenda pro me et horedibus meis 
sibi et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis hbere quiete paoifice integre et hereditarie. 



703 



Eeddendo inde annuatim capitali domino de Kardif qui pro tempore fuerit duos 
solidos pro omni servicio et seculari demanda. Pro hac autem donatione con- 
cessione et carte mee confirmacione predictus Walterus de Rengny et heredes sui 
vel assignati sui dabunt mihi annuatim quoad vixero qiiinque crannocos frumenti 
ad sustentacionem meam. Et ego dictus Johannes le PoRf; et heredes mei 
predicta burgagia cum pertinenciis et libertatibus suis predicto Waltero et 
heredibus suis vel assignatis suis in perpetuum contra omnes homines et femiaas 
warantizare et defendere tenemur. In hujus rei testimonium huic presenti carte 
sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus . domino Eicardo Lude . Nichola de 
Pennart . Waltero Cornubiensi . EicARDo Crispo . RiCARDO Rttmbaud' et 
multis aliis. 

Small round seal, light green wax : a rosette. 

' + s' . IOh'iS . PORCH.' 

Thia 19 a grant of two Burgages in Cardiffi, one between that of Richard the Smith, and Nithelf de 
Penarth, the other outside the sea or south gate of the towu, f ormerly that of William Seward. De Rengny 
_is to pay yearly -is. to the chief lord, and iive cranochs of wheat to the grantor, J. le Porc. 

The witnesses are not names known in the County. There was a Thomas de Lude, in Dorset, temp. 
Edward I., and a Walter de Cornubia, in Cornwall, without date. There was a Roger Crisp, in London, 
1 John, and a Richard Crispin, of Wolsator, Devon, temp. Henry III. and Edward I. ; probably Walter and 
Richard are those here named, if so the Charter is of the reign of Edward I. 

There was a WiUiam de Rengeny, of .Somerset, 52 Henry III,, who held Imds in Ashold, Alty and 
Donyford. [Rot. Chart., 97 A.] 



DCXLVII. 

WILLIAM BALDEWYNE GEANTS A BURGAGE IN CARDIFF 

TO SIR JOHN DB LANILTUIT. 

[Add. Charter, 24,249.] S.D. 

Seiant tam presentes quam futuri quod ego Willelmus Baldewyne filius et 
heres Johannis Baldewyne burgensis de Kebdif dedi concessi et hac presenti 
oarta mea confirmavi Johanni de Laniltuit militi filio Johannis filii Willelmi 
de Laniltuit unum burgagium quod habui in villa de Kerdif quod jacet inter 



704 



bm-gagium prioris de Kerdif pertinens ad abbaciam Tewkesburie ex parte boreali 
et burgagium quod fuit quondara Willelmi de Lanrikid tinetoris ex parte australi 
pro quatuor raarcis sterlingorum mihi premanibus persolutis. Habendum et 
tenenduni sibi et heredibus suis vel suis assignatis de me et heredibus meis vel 
meis assignatis libere et quiete integre et bane in pace et honorifioe in omnibus 
locis cnm omnibus aisiamentis et libertatibus dicto burgagio pertinentibus absque 
ullo mei vel heredum meorum retenemeuto. lieddendo inde annuatim de se et 
heredibus suis vel suis assignatis domino capitali ville de Kerdif duodecim 
denarios sterlingonmi ad quatuor anni tenninos principales prout debitum est in 
villa de Kerdif reddere et consuetum pro omni servicio exactione et demanda. 
Et ego WiLLELMUs Baldewyne et heredes mei dictum burgagium eum omnibus 
suis pertineneiis et Hbertatibus prout prenominatum est dicto Johanni filio 
JoHANNis et heredibus suis vel suis assignatis contra omnes homines et feminas in 
perpetuura warantizabimus acquietabimus et def endemus. Et ut hec mea donaoio 
et coueessio rata sit et firma presenti carta sigilli mei impressionem dusi ap- 
ponendam. Hiis testibus . Willelmo Wallot . Walteko Cornubiense . 
Willelmo de Lanririd . Waltero Peytevin . Roberto Oolsweyn . Eogero 

SeWALD . JOHANNE RuMBOLD ot aUis. 

DCXLVIII. 

EOBERT THURGOT GRANTS LAND IN THE FEE OF COGAN 
TO WILLIAM DE RENGNT. 

[Add. Charter, 24,250.] S.D. 

Soiant preseutcs et futuri quod ego Robertus Thurgot dedi et concessi et hac 
presenti carta mea confirmavi Willelmo de Rengny totam terram meam quam 
tenui in feodo de Cogan que jacet pro octo acris cum omnibus pertinenoiis suis et 
libertatibus suis. (iuarum vero quinque acro jaoent supra montem et tres aore 
jacent ad parvum castellum et ad quendam locum qui Anglice vocatur Ye Silffe. 



705 



Tenendum et habendum eibi et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis pro me et 
heredibus meis libere quiete pacifice integre et hereditarie faciendo servicium et 
redditum capitali domino de Cogan secundum tenorem carte domini Eicardi 
de CoGAN quondam domini de Cogan quam in pleno comitatu de Kardif prefato 
WiLLELMO liberavi. Ego autem dictus Robertus THtRGOT et heredes mei totam 
predictam terram oum omnibus pertinenciis et libertatibus suis prefato Willelmo 
et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis contra omnes homines et feminas in perpetuum 
warentizabimus. Pro hac autem donacione concessione et sigilli mei confirmacione 
dedit mihi predictus Willelmus de Eengny octo marcas sterlingorum pre 
manibus in recognieione. Et ut hee mea donacio concessio et sigilli mei con- 
firmacio rate et stabiles permaneat hanc presentem cartam sigilli mei impressione 
roboravi. Hiis testibus . domino Petro Pincerna tunc vicecomite de Clamorgan . 
RoBERTo de Sumert . Willelmo Flandrensi . Willelmo de Barri . Danielo 
Bert . Adam fiKo YsAAc . GrALFRiDo filio Petri . et multis aliis. 
Small round seal, green wax : a fleur-de-lis. 

' -f- s' . ROBERTI THVRGOD.' 

Robert de Sumery. 'Williain Flandreusis, and William de Barri, occur in an Extent of 1262 (?). 

Daniel Bert occurs in Charters with William de Barri. 

Robert Thurgot grants to William de Rengny all his land in the fee of Cogan (8 acres ?), of which fi ve are 
on the hill aud three at the little castle, at a place called in English Ye Silile, for which he is to do serrtce 
to the chief lord of Cogan, according to the terms of the Charter of the Lord Richard de Cogan, formerly 
Lord of Cogan, which he had delivered to William in full Court at Cardiff, for which William paid 
eight marks. 

The Lord Peter Pincerna, the Sheritf, is a witness. 

DCXLIX. 

WILLIAM, SON OF ROGER THE FOWLER OF DINAS POWYS, 

GRANTS A TENEMENT IN COGAN FEE TO MILO DE 

REINGNY. 

[Add. Charter, 24,251.] S.D. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus filius Rogeri Aucupis de 
Denaspoys dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Miloni de 

40 



706 



Reingny totum liberum tenementum meum quod tenui in feodo de Cogan jacens 
pro septem aoris terre super Kalewe versus partem borialem per metas et bundas 
sicut divise sunt cum pertinenciis suis. Tenendum et habendum predictum tene- 
mentum cum omnibus pertinenciis suis de me et heredibus meis vel assignatis 
meis sibi et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis libere quiete pacifice integre et jure 
hereditario inperpetuum in viis semitis pasturis et in omnibus asiamentis que habui 
vel aliquo jure hereditario habere potero. Reddendo inde annuatim ipse et heredes 
sui vel assiguati sui miclii et heredibus meis vel assiguatis meis unum denarium 
argeuti ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omnibus serviciis querelis sectis curiarum 
herietis releviis et pro omnibus secularibus demandis. Pro hiis autem donacione con- 
cessione et carte mee confirmacione michi dedit predictus Milo quacb-aginta solidos 
argenti in recognicione. Ego vero predictus Willelmus filius E,ogeri Auoupis 
et heredes mei vel assignati mei predicto Milony de Reingny et heredibus vel 
assignatis suis totum predictum tenementum cum omnibus predictis pertinentiis 
suis pro predicto redditu secundum formam in omnibus prescriptam contra omnes 
gentes in perpetuum warantizabimus defendemus et acquietabimus. Et ut mea 
donaeio concessio et carte mee oonfirmacio rate et stabiles inposterum permaneant 
hanc presentam cartam sigilli mei impressionc roboravi. Hiis testibus . domino 
Waltero de SuLLiA . domino Roberto de Sumery . Willelmo de Reingny . 

E.0BERT0 GoUL . GaLFRIDO filio PeTRI . PhILIPPO ThURGOUD . WlLLELMO 

Aylward . Ada filio Danielis Berd et aliis. 

Small round seal, green wax, imperfect : a fleur-de-lis. 

' + s' will'i . av ' 

There was aii AUwardiu Pincevns- attached to the Court in 1168, and Camerarius in 1170. [Itin. oi 
Henry II., pp. 86 and 139.] 



707 



DCL. 

WILLIAM PEYTO GRANTS LAND IN COGAN FEE TO MTTl) 

DE REYNI. 

[Add. Charter, 24,252.] 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos hoc presens scriptum pervenerit Willelmus 
Petto fllius WiLLELMi de Anglia salutem in Domino. Noveritis me eoncessisse 
remisisse pro me et pro heredibus meis vel asingnatis meis quietum elamasse 
MiLONi de Retni et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis totam terram jacentem 
auper Caluue in feodo de Cogan quam habui de dicto Milone per cartam suam 
pro septem solidis michi premanibus pagatis. Tenendam et habendam pro me 
et heredibus meis vel asingnatis meis sibi et heredibus suis vel asingn[a]tis 
suis libere quiete paoifice integre et hereditario in perpetuum sine aliquo 
retenimento mei vel meorum. Faciendo inde annuatim ipse et heredes 
sui vel asingnati sui debitum servicium dominis capitalibus quantum ad 
dictam terram pertinet. Et quia volo quod ego predictus Willelmus et 
heredes mei vel asing[na]ti mei versus predictum Milonem et heredes suos vel 
asingnatos suos aliquod jus nec clameum in dicta terra de Caluue decetero habere 
non poterimus nec petere huic presenti scripto sigiUum meum apposui. Hiis 
testibus . Waltero de Reyni . Philippo Thourqot . Waltero de Cogan . 
Alexandeo filio Mauricii . Mauricio filio Ysac . Thoma Longo et aliis multis. 

Small round seal, green wax : a quatrefoil. 

' + s' walteri ' 



708 



DCLI. 

ADAM PANCHOUT GRANTS LAND IN THE FEE OF DINAS- 
POYS TO WILLIAM DE RENGNY. 

[Add. Charter, 24,253.] S.D. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Adam Panchout dedi et concessi et hac 
presenti earta mea confirmavi Willelmo de Rengny quatuor acras terre arabilis 
de tenemento meo in feodo de Dinaspoys siout jacent in una cultura videlicet 
inter viam regalem qua itur a Dinaspoys versus Oogan et terram tunc Ade filii 
Ysaac Vot quarum unum capud tendit se ad pratum tunc predicti Ade et 
alterum capud ad montem. Tenendas et habendas de me et heredibus meis sibi 
et heredibus suis vel assignatis libere quiete paoifice integre et hereditarie. 
Reddendo inde annuatim miohi et heredibus meis ipse et heredes sui vel assignati 
sui scilicet unum denarium in festo beati Michaelis pro omnibus serviciis querelis 
consuetudinibus sectis curiarum et demandis secularibus. Pro hiis autem donatione 
concessione et sigilli mei confirmatione dedit mihi prediotus Willelmus viginti 
solidos et sex denarios in recognicione. Ego vero predictus Adam Panchout et 
heredes luei predicto Willelmo de Rengny et heredibus suis vel assignatis 
suis prenominatas quatuor acras contra omnes homines et feminas inperpetuum 
warentizabimus et defendemus. Et ut mea donacio concessio et sigilli mei 
confirmaoio rate et stabiles permaneant hanc presentem cartam sigilli impressione 
roboravi. Hiis testibus . domino Roberto de Somer[i] . Willelmo de Barri . 
Henrico de Clotic[estria] . Waltero de Rengny . Adam filio Danielis 
[Bert] . Adam filio Ysaac Vot . Elia de Sancto Michaele et multis aliis. 

Small round seal, green wax : an ornameutal fleur-de-lis. 

' + s' ADE . PANCHOLF.' 



709 



DOLII. 

ADAM, SON OF ADAM YSAAC VOT, GRANTS A TENEMENT 
IN DINASPOYS TO MILO DE REINGNY. 

[Add. Chartek, 24,254.] S.D. 

Sciant presentes et fiituri quod ego Adam filius Ade Ysaac Vot dedi 
et concessi et hac preseuti carta mea confirmavi Miloni de Reingny tres acras 
terre et dimidiam acram ten-e arabilis et unam acram prati cum omiiibus 
pertinentiis suis de libero tenemento meo in feodo de Dinaspoys. Que quidem 
predicte tres acre et dimidia acra teire jacent sub una cultura infra terram que 
vocatur Brethe proximiores terra tunc Ade filii Danielis Berd versus 
occidentem et terram meam versus orientem unde unum caput se tendit versus 
borialem usque ad Ffonylonde et alterum caput versus meridiem usque apud 
La Lake. Predicta acra terre prati cum pertinenciis jacet inferior prato meo 
et proximior terra que vocatur Maltelonde versus occidentem unde uuum 
caput tendit se versus orieutem ad pratum tunc Walteri de Cogan et versus 
occidentem ad primum pratum quod est meum. Tenenda et habenda de me et 
heredibus meis vel assignatis meis sibi et heredibus suis vel assignatis suis libere 
quiete pacifice integre et jure hereditario inperpetuum in viis in semitis et 
pasturis et aisiamentis et in omnibus libertatibus. Reddendo inde annuatiin ipse 
et heredes sui vel assignati siu mihi et heredibus meis vel assignatis meis sex 
denarios argenti ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omnibus servieiis querehs sectis 
cmiarum consuetudinibus et omuibus aliis seoularibus demandis. Pro hiis 
autem donacione concessione et oarte mee confirmacione predictus Milo mihi 
dedit quadraginta et quatuor solidos sterlingorum premanibus. Ego vero 
predictus Adam filius Ade Ysaac Vot et heredes mei vel assignati mei predicto 
Milony de Reingny et heredibus suis vel assiguatis suis prediotas tres acras 
et dimidiam acram terre et predictam acram prati cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis per metas et bundas sicut divise sunt pro predicto redditu et secundum formam 



710 



in omnibus presoriptam coutra omnes gentes inperpetuvmi waranti^abimus 
defendemus et adquietabimus. Et ut mea donatio concessio et hujus presentis 
carte mee confii-macio rate et stabiles inposterum permaneaut hanc presentem 
cartam sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . domino Waltero de 
SxjLLiA . domino Eoberto de Sumery . Willelmo de Eeingny . Willelmo de 
Barry . Waltero de Eeingny . Willelmo filio Aylavard . Ada filio Danielis . 
WiLLELMo filio Eogeri Aucupis . Waltero de CoGAN et aliis. 

DCLIII. 

EOGEE DE GLOUECESTEIA GEANTS LAND AT KENNOW, ETC, 
TO OWEN, THE PEIEST OF ST. MICHAEL'S. 

[Add. Charter, 24,266.] S.D. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Eogerus de Glouecestria dedi et concessi 
I ^i c*<.v,' et hac presenti oarta mea confirmavi Oweno sacerdoti de Sancto Michaele totam 

terram quam Galfridus pater ejus tenuit cum hameletis que jacent intra terram 
illam super Kennow et Brenyow et sicut extenduntur usque ad aquam de 
Kenyow et Brenyow et cum pendente qui jacet in oocidentali parte terre harabilis 
jacentis super Kenyow que fuit ejusdem Galfridi et a capite illius terre quo 
scilicet stat quidam magnus lapis tendit versus oocidentem juxta viam qua itur apud 
Wrencheston et Michelestowe usque ad partem oocidentalem parvi fossati 
cujus unum oapud jaoet versus partem borealem et alterum versus partem aus- 
tralem in cujus parte oocidentali stat quedam alba spina et extenditur dictus 
pendens versus partem australem usque ad Kenyow secundum scilicet obliquitatem 
magnam versus ocoidentem et cum grava que jacet iu capite cujusdam partis 
dicte terre que scilioet pars appellatui- Walselond et secundum hititudinem 
ejusdem tendit eontra montem usque ad locum qui dicitur Te Smethet oum 
omnibus pertinenciis. Tenendam et habendam de me et heredibus meis sibi et 
quibua eam assignare voluerit ot assignatorum assignatis libere quiete pacifice 



711 



inperpetuum et sine gravamine in bosco et plano pascuis et pasturis in viis et 
semitis. Eeddendo inde mihi et heredibus meis singulis annis quadraginta 
denarios ad quatuor anni terminos videlicet ad festum Sancti Michaelis decem 
denarios ad nativitatem Domini decem denarios ad Pascha decem denarios ad 
nativitatem Sancti Johannis decem pro omni servicio et seculari exactione 
et demanda salvo servicio domini E.egis ad tantam terram pertinente. Ego 
vero E.0GERUS et heredes mei dictam terram cum dictis hameletis et toto 
dicto pendente et cum dicta grava cum onmibus pertinentiis dicto Oweno et 
quibus assignare voluerit et assignatorum assignatis contra omnes homines et 
omnes feminas inperpetuum warentizabimus. Et ut hec mea donatio et 
ooncessio inperpetuum firma consistat eam presenti scripto et sigiUi mei 
testimonio confii-mavi. Hiis testibus . domino Willelmo Lesor . Eicardo 
Flandrensi . domino Willelmo de Resni . Ada de Sumeri . Radulfo de Oilli . 
NicoLAO Landa^tinsis ecclesie thesaurario . Q-ilberto capellano . Petro 
Crispo . Waltero de Lanblethian clerico . Waltero capellano . et multis 
aliis. 

Small round seal, green •wax, an ornamental fleur-de-lis. Imperfeet. 

' + sigill' rog ' 



DCLIV. 

JOHN, SON OF EALPH DE LANDEBITHER, GRANTS LAND 
IN THE FEE OF LANDEBITHER OR LANDEBETHERY, 
TO WILLIAM LE FRIE AND HAVISIA, HIS WIFE. 

[Add. Charter, 24,267.] S.D. 

Sciant presentes et f uturi quod ego Johannes filius Radulphi de Landebither' 
dedi concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Willelmo le Frie et 
Havisie uxori ejus et eoriun heredibus quatuor acras terre arabiHs cum suis 



^2 



pertinenciis in feodo de Landebitheb ; Quarum acranim due acre jacent in cultura 
que vocatur Kayraryan cujus unum capud tendit versus orientem super terram 
domini Johannis de Unfrevile et aliud capud versus occidentem super terram 
Knayth le Gont' et ima acra iacet in cultura terre que vocatur Kayrpistel cujus 
unum capud tendit versus orientem super terram que vocatur Chorche^ey et 
aliaid capud tendit versus occidentem super terram Howel Thorgod et una acra 
jaeet in cultui'a que vocatur Hendref cujus unum capud tendit versus orientem 
super terram [quam] Knatho le Gtont' quondam tenuit et aliud capud versus 
occidentem super terram Johannis Fabri. Habendam et tenendam totam 
predictam terram de me et heredibus meis vel meis asingnatis dicto Willelmo et 
Havisie uxore ejus et eorum heredibus libere quiete bene paoifice integre jure 
hereditario in perpetuum. Reddendo inde annuatim ipsi divisim vel cominatim vel 
heredes vel assignati predictus Willelmus et uxor ejus mihi et heredibus meis vel 
meis assignatis unum denarium argenti ad festum Saneti Michaelis pro omni ser- 
vicio curiarum herietis wardis releviis et omnimodo aliis secularibus demandis que de 
aliqua parte terre [predicte haberi potuerunt.] Pro hac autem donatione concessione 
et presentis carte mee confirmatione dederunt mihi predicti Willelmus et Havisia 
centum solidos sterlingorum premanibus. Ego vero predictus Johannes et heredes 
vel assignati mei predictas quatuor acras cum omnibus pertinenciis suis predictis 
WiLLELMO et Havisie uxori ejus vel eonmi assignatis ejusdem contra omnes 
homines et foeminas warentizabimus [et] acquietabimus iu pei-petuum. Et ut 
hec donacio concessio et presentis carte mee confirmatio rate [et] stabiles in per- 
petuum permaneant hanc cartam sigilli mei impressione roboravi. Hiis testibus . 
Henrico Gif' . Johanne ab Howel . Clemente de Pistel . Mauricio 
Crado(j . HowEL Cradoc et miiltis aliis. 
Endorsed — ' Landebethery Wal'.' 



DA Clark, George Thomas (comp. ) 
"^^^ Cartae et alia munimenta 



G5C48 

1910 

V.2 



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