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3 1833 01204 2757 



The Gary Family 
IN England 

By Henry Grosvenor Gary 



dorchester centre, noston 


.KiiSVKNi il< I \H\ 


Press of 
Murray and Emery Com 


On the 14th of February, HiU(), after the books were 
all bound, the two items below came to me. They were 
found in Vol. II of Prof. Gary's, The Cary Family in 
America, and seem important enout^h to insert in this 
irregular way. 

Setii C. C.\rv. 

(To be added at jiage 71.) 
The Carys in the North of Ireland are descended 
from the grandson of Robert of Clovelly, to whom was 
given the Manor of Red Castle at Innishowen, County of 

(To be added at i^age 92.) 
The three sons of William referred to were: John, 
who came in 1034 and settled at Plymouth and after- 
ward at Duxbury and Bridgewater; James, who came in 
1635. settling at Charlestown after a short stay at Ply- 
mouth; Miles, who came in 1040 and settled in Virginia. 


Preface to the First Edition 13 

Preface to the Second Edition 15 

Introduction 17 

Family History 23 

Baron Hunsdon Line 37 

Earl of Monmouth Line 47 

Viscount Falkland Line 57 

Clovelly Line 69 

Cockington and Torre Abbe Line 81 

Somersetshire Line 91 

Branches of the Gary Famih- 95 

Miscellaneous Items 104 



Henry Grosvenor Gary, the Author . . Frontispiece 

Opposite Pages 

Manor House, Gastle Gary 24 

Goat of Arms of Sir John Gary 26 

Arms of Sir Robert Gary 30 

Sir Henry Gar\', Knight of the Garter 38 

Queen EUzabeth 40 

Queen EHzabeth Going to Visit Sir Henry Car\' 42 

Sir Robert Gary- at Queen EHzabeth 's Deathbed . 48 

Henry Gary, Earl of Monmoutli 50 

Kenihvorth Gastle in 1620 52 

Lucius Gary, Lord Falkland 58 

St. Stephens Hall, Parliament House 60 

Monument to Lucius Gary 62 

Glovelly Harbor 70 

Torre Abbey 80 

Bristol Gathedral 92 



In tracing back the genealogy of the family of 
Cary, Care\-, Carve, Carei, Can, de Cari, Karry, Kary, 
Kari, or de Kari, as the name is variously spelled, I was 
surprised to find such a large amount of material within 
my reach. For over seven hundred years the line can 
be traced. 

I have written quite fully of the familj- in England 
because its history is so very interesting, and also because 
of the absolute certainty that they were our ancestors. 
In connection with my three visits to England I had 
read much of its history, but I should have had much 
more pleasure while there if I had known, for instance, 
that the Earl of Monmouth was one Robert Cary; or 
that Viscount Falkland was Lucius Cary ; that Baron 
Hunsdon, cousin to Queen Elizabeth, was Henry Cary; 
or had known as I wandered about the ruins of Kenil- 
worth Castle that it was the home of the Carys for over 
twenty years, etc., etc. I have therefore greatly enjoyed 
tracing the family line in that country. 

This record is made possible by the existence of a 
" Pedigree of the Cary Family," which was drawn up by 
the Royal College of Heralds by command of Queen 
Anne Bolcyn, and which will be referred to in its proper 

Besides recording tlic regular descent, I have men- 
tioned many names in llu' branches, ]K)th in England 


and America, to show traits of character, mental and 
johysical, most noticeable in the family as a whole. 

In compiling this record I have carefully consulted 
every authority within reach. Among these I will 
mention the " Domesday Book " of William the Con- 
queror; " The Worthies of Devon " by Prince, written 
over three hundred years ago; Westcote's " History of 
Devon," written two hundred and fifty years since; 
Polwhele's work on Devonshire, published in 1797 and 
dedicated to King George Third; numerous other works 
in English history, heraldry, baronage, etc. ; also an 
American work by Albert Welles, President of the Ameri- 
can College for Genealogical Registry and Heraldry ; and 
" Cary Memorials," by Samuel F. Cary of Ohio. 

I have written to many members of the family, and 
others, both in this country and England, and visited 
some of the localities in both countries, spoken of. 

I have examined town records and other papers, 
and it seems as though these records which I have made 
might be relied upon as being correct. At all events, 
the compiling of this genealogy has been a great source 
of pleasure to me. 

It may be well to add that the change in the spelling 
of the name from Cary to Carey was made by my father 
in 1820. 

Henry G. Cary. 

Boston, March, 1894. 



Since printing the first edition I have learned much 
more in relation to the family, and am therefore able to 
make additions, explanations, and a few corrections, to 
the record. 

There are very many works extant which, wholly 
or in part, relate to the family, there being over one 
hundred such in the Boston Public Library alone. 

I have also had a long and interesting coiTespond- 
ence with a Mr. Frank R. Shackleton of Torquay, Eng- 
land, a descendant of the Carys on his mother's side, a 
young man greatly interested and well posted in gene- 
alogy and heraldry, and enjoying the benefit of living 
on the ground where the familj- has flourished for so 
many centuries. 

Many of the photographs in this book were taken 
especially for me by friends here and in England. 

Henry G. C.\ry. 
Winthrop, January, 1898. 



William of NomiandN-, who conquered England 
A.D. 1066, caused to be made a survey of the whole 
kingdom, giving an account of every estate, its size, 
kind of land, value, and often what it was stocked with. 
This was recorded in what was called the " Domesday 
Book," which was depositctl, and is still preserved, at 
Westminster, London. 

In it is the record of the manor of Kari, in the 
parish of St. Giles-in-the-Heath, Devonshire, near Laun- 
ceston, close by the border of Cornwall. The small 
river Kari, or Karibrook, from which the manor took its 
name, runs on one side of it. It still retains its name 
of eight hundred years ago. 

There is also the record of the barony of Castle Cari, 
in the central-eastern part of Somersetshire, some 
seventy-five or eighty miles east of that in Devon. 

Prince wrote three centuries ago: " St. Giles was 
the antient seat of the family, and we are told that they 
possessed an antient dwelling there bearing their name. 
Some say that the name is from Castle Cari, l->ut I think 
the name seems antienter than the place.' 

R. N. Worth, Fellow of the Royal Genealogical 
Society, says: " St. Giles-in-the-Heath was the principal 
home of the Carys till the time of Richard the Second, 
only, but one branch remained there as late as the reign 
of Elizabeth." The Domesday record was made in lOSii, 


and in it the name of the Devonshire manor is spelled 
Kari and that of the Somersetshire manor Cari. 

The first person of whom any record is made, in this 
family, was Adam (a good name for a starter) who lived 
at Castle Cari in Somersetshire about one hundred years 
later than the Domesday record, and it is a suggestive 
fact that he spelled both his own name and that of the 
manor — Kari. That may indicate that he came from 
Devon and brought the spelling with him. Another con- 
sideration is the fact that the "de" means of, i.e., Adam 
of Kari; therefore it is no dotibt true that the family 
started in St. Giles-in-the- Heath. 

Notwithstanding these statements the fact remains, 
there is a complete record of the family from Castle Cari 
and not a single name from St. Giles-in-the-Heath. 

The Domesday record states that the St. Giles 
manor was given with one hundred six other manors, by 
William the Conqueror, to one of his barons named 
Juhdel de Totenais. It is needless to state that he was 
a Norman. It was customary in those da3's, and for 
many years after, for persons to have but one name, — no 
surname. This man was Juhdel, or Joel ; his family seat 
was Totenais or Totness, one of his one hundred seven 
manors. This town is on the river Dart, some ten miles 
above Dartmouth. A branch of the Cary family lives 
there now, the head of the house being Stanley Edward 
Cary.'^^A letter from him follows : 



" Follaton, Totncs, A] .HI, ISOo. 
" Dear Sir: 

" I fear I am unable to rejily to your inquiries 
respecting the Cary family so as to give you inff)rmation 
on the various points you refer to. In resjiect to 'St. 
Giles' in the Heath ' I have read that it is a Parish 
bounded on west by the river Tamar and on the east by 
a stream of the name of Cary, and I have an idea that 
there is land of the same name but nothing is known of 
it by any one of the ]ircsent family. The spot is suiijx)sed 
by some to be the cradle of the Family, before residing 
at Clovelly. 

" I am of opinion that Mr. Cary holds a Pedigree of 
the Family, which you might be enabled to see were you 
in England, but I was not aware that there was one 
issued by the Heralds Office under the Queen's com- 

" I believe there is one or more families of tlie name 
of Cary living at Castle Cary, but I am quite unaccjuainted 
with that jxirticular family, which I believe is of an 
agricultural nature. 

"Have you been able to find where >-ou cut in, or 
where your branch resides in the States? After Charles 
I.'s collapse Henry Cary went to America, and the name 
has existed there ever since. Cockinton, which adjoins 
Torre Abbev, was possiblv lost to the family at that 

" Yours faithfully, 

"St.\ni,i-v E. G. C.vrv." 

Nothing farther can be learned about the St. Giles 
parish from books or members of the family, as may be 
seen from the letter referred to above. 

There being no possible doubt of the connection ol' 
Castle Cari with the family, I will give a few interesting 
figures relating to that name, which I copy from Domes- 



Walter de Douay was the Norman baron who held 
the manor of Cari in Somerset, along with thirty-eight 
other manors given him by the Conqueror. He was 
probably from Douai in France, and followed the Con- 
queror from that country when he invaded England. 
Several of his manors were united, constituting the 
barony of Castle Cari, with the family seat at Cari. The 
name of the Saxon owner was Elfi. The owner was 
obliged to pay fees, or dues, to the lord, and the lord in 
turn to the king. A full description of Castle Cari is 
given farther on. 

The land comprised fifteen hides, equal to three 
thousand two hundred twenty acres. Of this twenty- 
four hundred were plough-land, seven hundred twenty 
woodland, fifty-two meadow-land. 

There were " 3 Molendini redden tes 34 solidos," 
i.e., three gristmills with a revenue of thirty-four solidos, 
about eight dollars per year. There were " 8 Porcari 
reddentes 50 Porcos,"i:.^., eight swineherds paying a rent 
of fifty hogs a year. That would indicate a large num- 
ber of swine: these inhabited the seven hundred twenty 
acres of woodland, which were mostly covered with 
oaks, and the animals lived on the acorns. The swine 
were an important part of the property, as they supplied 
much of the food consumed by the people. There were 
"20 Carrucis," i.e., twenty ox-teams of eight oxen each. 
There were " 23 Villani," or villeins, or villains, i.e., 
lowest class of laborers, attached to the soil, — practi- 
cally slaves. 

The value placed on the whole estate was fifteen 


pounds, equal to about seventy-five dollars. This was 
entered in the record as value, not rent. This is inter- 
esting as showing the change in values since that day, 
not only in jiroperty but in the jnirchasing power of 



fffllo - 

t00!hiilii»' '<- ■, 

The Gary Family 
IN England 

'T^HE GARY family in England is one of the oldest, 
as it has been one of the most illustrious and 
honored in the kingdom. In tracing the different lines 
of the Carys from Adam de Kari to the present time I 
have met man\- interesting accounts of various members 
of the family and have recorded a few of them. 

Through many generations there has been a long 
line, or lines, of barons, viscounts and earls from the time 
of Richard II. and Elizabeth. Man\- others filled im- 
jiortant posts of honor or authority, such as Treasurer 
of Ireland, Governor of the Isle of Wight, Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland, Governor of Nova Scotia, Governor of Bom- 
bay, Lord Chamberlain of the Queen's Household, 
Gentleman of the Privy Council to the King, Ambassa- 
dors to foreign Sovereigns, Comptroller of the Household 
of the King, Esquire of the Bod\-, Gentleman of the 
Bed-chamber, etc. 

It will be noticed that most of the men mentioned 
in this English pedigree were knights, and most of their 
wives were daughters of knights. That shows how 
prominent the famil>' was. 

As regards the name it is doubtful if it was first 
applied to a person or a location. Some say it was first 
used in " Karibrook " before mentioned. (See page 17.) 
As the Conqueror found it in England when he came, it 
must be as old as the time of the Saxons. 


Prince says: " I will not set bounds to this noble 
name, or from whence it came. If any shall derive it 
from the son of the Roman Emperor Canas who was 
general here in Britain A.D. 285, I shall have nothing to 
oppose." He says later that the family " is one of the 
most noted in England, there being at the same time two 
earls, viz., Monmouth and Dover ; one Viscount Falkland ; 
and one Baron Hunsdon, which is an honor ver}- few fami- 
lies in England can pretend." 

The first authentic record of the Family is as follows : 

First Generation. 

Adam de Kari was lord of Castle Kari in A.D. 1198, 
according to Sir William Pole. Adam was born about 
1170. He married Ann, daughter of Sir William Trevett, 

For centuries the castle has existed only in history, 
but the town where it was located is known to-day as 
Castle Gary and may thus be found on the maps. It is 
in Somersetshire and twelve miles southeast from Wells. 
As stated on page 20, Cari was the family seat of the baron. 
It is known that it was a fortified place in the time of the 
Saxons. About the year 1125 the Lord William Percival, 
named " Lovel the wolf," erected strong fortifications 
at Cari. Much of the time during the reign of Stephen 
(1136-1154), the barons were divided into two parties, 
the Lord of Cari being opposed to the king. He made 
so much trouble that Stephen turned his whole attention 
to Castle Cari and took it. In 1153 it was besieged again 


and nearly ruined. \''ery little is known of it after 

The place is marked by an entrenched area of about 
two acres, called the camp. Implements of war and 
other relics have frequently been dug up there. The 
svuTOunding country is lovely and the views from the 
hill are famous. In the town are the springs that gi\e 
rise to the river Can. This river flows into the Parret 
and then into Bristol Channel. 

The church of All Saints is of the time of Henry YI. 
It is built upon a hillock and is quite unique. It has 
hideous faces intended to raise a laugh and scare away 
the " evil eye." Oliver Cromwell hacked away at it. 

The manor house stands on the east side of the street 
and was a stately edifice. During the wanderings of 
Charles II. after the battle of Worcester, September 3, 
l(j.")l, wlien his army was defeated by that of Cromwell, 
the disguised king slejjt at Castle Cari on the night of 
September IG. (See view preceding.) — Reign of Henry 
II. and Richard I. 

Second Generation. 
John de Kary of Castle Kary, son of Adam (first 
generation), was bom about 1200. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Sir Richard Stapleton, Knight. — 
Reign of John and Henry III. 

Third Generation. 
William do Kary, or Karry, of Castle Kary, son of 
Sir John (second generation), was born about ]2'M). 


He married Alice, daughter of Sir William Beaumont, 
Knight. — Reign of Henry III. and Edward I. 

Fourth Generation. 

John de Karry of Castle Karry, son of William 
(third generation), was born about 1270. He married 
Phillippa, daughter of Sir Warren Archdeacon, Knight. 

The use of the French " de " was not universal. 
Sometimes the children used it when their parents did 
not. — Reign of Edward I. and II. 

Fifth Generation. 
Sir William Gary, son of John (fourth generation), 
was bom about 1300. He married Margaret Bozon, or 
Bozume, of Glovelly in Devon. This is the first time 
the name of that very interesting place appears in the 
records. (See Glovelly branch.) — Reign of Edward III. 
and Richard II. 

Sixth Generation. 

Sir John Gary, Knight, son of William (fifth genera- 
tion), was born about 1325. He married Agnes, daughter 
of Lord Stafford. She died leaving no children, and he 
next married Jane, daughter of Sir Guy de Bryen, 
Knight. — Reign of Edward III. and Richard II. 

The spelling of the name was changed during the 
reign of Edward II. and has ever since been spelled Gary. 

Seventh Generation. 
Sir John Gary, Knight, son of John (sixth generation), 


CHiir Bakon or thb ExrHSoi'* under Richard II. 



was born in 1350 at Iiol\va\' in northwest Devon. He 
married Margaret Holway. 

Tliis Sir John was a ver}- noted man. Prince says: 
" On the fifth of November, 1387, he was by the King 
Richard H. made Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and 
advanced to be a Judge of the land ; who being now 
placed in a high and spacious Orb, he scattered the 
Rays of Justice about him with great splendor. In this 
post he continued many years, manifesting in all his 
actions, an inflexible Virtue and Honesty; and indeed 
it fell out at last that he had an extraordinary occasion 
laid before him, for the proof and tryal thereof, upon 
which we find him as true as steel, for the greatest 
dangers could not affright him from his duty and Loyalty 
to his distressed Master, King Richard IL, unto whom 
he faithfully adhered when most others had for- 
saken him." After the king was put to death b>- Henry 
IV. Sir John was banished and all his goods and lands 
confiscated for his loyalty to his royal master. 

Westcote says: " I will speak of Sir John Cary, 
Baron of the Exchequer in the time of Richard H. 
This knight neither able nor willing, like a willow, to 
bow with every blast of tlie wind, so confidentl\- ami 
freely spoke his mind, opposing the proceedings for pro- 
curators to take the resignation of his master. King 
Richard, his true and undoubted Sovereign, that thcre- 
ujion he was dis-officed, his goods and lands confiscated, 
and himself banished." 

" Prom])t me. Muses, if you can, 
And show me such anotlier man." 



Prince says: " He was banished to Waterford, 
Ireland, where he was no less than four Years in Banish- 
ment. A long time, God knows, for an aged person, of 
a nice and tender way of living, to be confined to the 
Shades of Misery and Sorrow." He died in Waterford 
in 1404. Among his estates were Cockington and 
Clovelly. — Reign of Edward III. and Richard II. 

Eighth Generation. 

Sir Robert Gary, Knight, son of Sir John (seventh 
generation) , was bom about 1375. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Philip Gourtenay, Knight. She died leaving 
no children, and he next married Jane, daughter of Sir 
William Hanchford, Knight. This is the Robert refeiTed 
to in the following extract from Burke's Heraldry: 

" In the beginning of the reign of Henry V. (1413- 
1422) a certain Knight-errant of Arragon, having passed 
through divers countries, and performed many feats of 
Arms, arrived here in England, where he challenged any 
man of his rank and quality to make a trial of his skill 
in arms. 

" This challenge was accepted by Sir Robert Gary, 
between whom a cruel encounter, and a long and doubtful 
combat was waged in Smithfield, London. But at length 
this noble Ghampion vanquished the presumptuous Ar- 
ragonois, for which King Henry V. restored unto him a good 
part of his father's lands, which for his loyalty to Richard 
II. he had been deprived of by Henry IV. and authorized 
him to bear the Arms of a Knight of Arragon, which the 
noble posterity continue to wear unto this day ; for accord- 


ing to the laws of HeraUlr)-, whoever fairl\- in the field con- 
quers his adversary may justify the wearing of his Amis." 

Westcote says of Robert: " This Robert Gary, the 
true image of his father, not only as Ascanius resembled 
u-Eneas, but rather in the virtues of wisdom, fortitude 
and magnanimity ; and in the skill of Arms he far excelled 
him. So this son of Mars encountered this Arragonist 
and conquered him, and was by the King knighted and 
restored to part of his father's inheritance." 

The following account is from the Herald's Visita- 
tion of 1620, and is so quaint that I copy it: 

" In the time of Henry V. cam out of Arragon a 
lusty gentleman into England, and challenged to do 
feites of armes, with any English gentleman without 
exception. This Robert Gary hearing thereof, made 
suite forthwith to the Prince, that he might answer the 
challenge, which was granted, and Smithfield was the 
place appointed for the same, who, at the day & time 
prefixed, both parties mett & did performe sundrie feates 
of armes, but in the end this Robert gave the foils and 
overthrow to the Arragon Knight, disarmed & spoiled 
him, which his doinge so well pleased the Prince, that 
he receyved him into g^eat favour, caused him to be 
restored to the most part of his father's landes, and willed 
him also for a perpetuall memorie of his victorie, that 
he should henceforth give the same armes as the Arragon 
Knight, which both he and all his successors, to this day 
enjoyed, which is Argent, on bend sable three roses 
argent for before they did beare, gules, chevron entre 
three swans argent." 

[21. J 


The original arms of John the Baron were a silver 
chevron on a red shield, with three swans on it. The 
descendants of Robert now wear the arms of the Knight 
of Arragon which were a silver shield with three roses 
of the field on a bend sable, and take the swan for a 
crest, thus combining the two. 

The technical description of the present coat of 
arms, a copy of which is opposite, is as follows: 

" Arms — Argentum. Three Roses of the field on 
a Bend sable. Crest — a Swan ppr. Motto — Virtute 

The description of the foregoing terms is as follows : 
" Arms " is the shield and its devices. " Argentum " is 
silver. The " bend " is the diagonal piece, or band, 
across the shield. " Sable " is black. " Crest " is the 
figure above the shield. The motto means " Excep- 
tional for valor," or " Selected for courage," or "Of 
exceptional bravery." " Ppr " means natural. 

The mottoes of the other branches of the family 
will be referred to in their proper places. 

This Robert had a brother James, sometimes called 
John, who was Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, and 
had also been Dean of St. Paul's in London. While 
James was in Florence with Pope Martin in 1419, he was 
appointed Lord Bishop of Exeter. He lived only six 
weeks after this and never took his seat. — Reign of 
Richard II. and Henry IV. and V. 

Ninth Generation. 
Sir Philip Cary, Knight, son of Sir Robert (eighth 




generation), was Ixirn about 1400. He man'ied Christian 
Orchard. He ihed 1437.— Reign of Henry IV., V. and VI. 

Tenth Gkner.\tiox. 

Sir Wilham Cary, Knight, son of Phihp (ninth gen- 
eration), was born in 1437. He married Elizabeth 
Paulett. He was known as the Knight of Cockington. 

He was an ardent supporter of the House of Lan- 
caster, and took an active part in the struggle between 
the adherents of Henry VI. and Edward IV. in the War 
of the Roses. 

At the battle of Tewksbury on May 4, 1471, the 
Lancastrians were defeated, and William with others 
took refuge in the Abbey Church. According to the 
customs of those times the church was a " sanctuary," 
and they could not be taken out of it. They were 
enticed out on promise of pardon and two days later 
were beheaded. His property was confiscated as usual 
in such cases, but Henry VII. restored it to his son 
Robert. I cannot ascertain for what reason, but prob- 
ably because that king was a scion of the House of Lan- 
caster in whose cause his father lost his life and ]^roperty. 

William left two sons — Robert, bom in 14 GO, and 
Thomas, bom in 1405. From Thomas sprang the three 
lines of nobles, and from Ri)bert tlie families of Clovclly, 
Torre Abbey and Somersetshire. — Reign of Henry VI. 
and Edward I\'. 

Thus far the record of the main line, only, has been 
kept, and from this point I have followed out several 
branches as each has ])]ayed an important part in the 


history of the family. The following are the several 
lines : 

Baron Hunsdon line, 


1559 to 1765 

Earl of Monmouth line, 


1626 to 1661 

Viscount Falkland line. 



Clovelly line. 


1390 to 1725 

Cockington and Torre 

Abbey line. 



Somersetshire line, 







TY/fOTTO: " Comme je Trouve." As I find; or, I take 
things as they come. 

Eleventh Generation. 
Thomas de Cary, son of Sir WiUiam (tenth genera- 
tion), was bom about 1465. He married Margaret 
Spencer and left two sons, John, bom in 1495, ancestor 
of the Falkland line, and William, bom in 1500, ancestor 
of the Hunsdon and Monmouth lines. Both these sons 
were knights. — Reign of Edward IV. and V., Richard 
III. and Henry VII. 

Twelfth Generation. 

Sir William Cary, Knight of Cockington, son of Sir 
Thomas de Cary (eleventh generation), was bom about 
1500. He married Mar>' Boleyn, sister of Anne Boleyn, 
who was one of the wives of King Henry VIII. and 
mother of Queen Elizabeth. In the private household 
accounts of the queen it is recorded that the king gave 
Mar\' Boleyn a marriage gift of six shillings, eight pence. 

The queen ordered the Royal College of Heralds to 
draw up the pedigree of the Carys. It begins thus: 
" This Pedigree contains a brief of that most ancient 
family and surname of Cary, and it shows how the family 
was connected with the noble houses of Beauford. Somer- 
set, Spencer, Bryan, Tulford. etc." 


William died in 1528, June 22, leaving two sons, 
Henry and George, both Knights of the Garter. — Reign 
of Henry VII. and VIII. 

Thirteenth Generation. 

Sir Henry Gary, Knight of the Garter, Gentleman 
of the Privy Gotincil, Lord Ghamberlain to Queen Eliza- 
beth, son of Sir William (twelfth generation), and cousin 
to the queen, was bom in 1525. He married Ann, 
daughter of Thomas Morgan. He had spent thousands 
of pounds for Elizabeth while she was yet princess and 
was troubled by the persecutions of her sister, Queen 
Mary. In the first year of Elizabeth's reign he was by 
her created first baron Hvmsdon, A.D. 1559. He was 
given the mansion of Hunsdon in Hertfordshire and a 
pension of four thousand pounds (equal to twenty 
thousand dollars) per year. 

Froude, the historian, tells us how thoroughly he 
was in the queen's confidence and was entrusted with 
many important matters, such as carrying the Order of 
the Garter to the King of France in 1563. He was 
straightforward, rough in speech and conduct, yet was 
a great favorite at court. He had immense physical 
strength, was famous for the use of anns, and was promi- 
nent in all jousts and tournaments. Naunton says: 
" His custom of swearing in speaking made him seem a 
worse Ghristian than he was. As he lived in a roughling 
time, so he loved sword and buckler men, of which sort 
he had many brave gentlemen that followed him. 
Though his blunt and boisterous manners accorded 



ill with tlic ]mnctilio of the Maiden Court, ho retained 
the friendshi]) and confidence of the Queen to the end 
of his life, and his frank and unambitious character, as 
well as his royal kindred, secured him from the jealousy 
of her favorites." He had charge of the queen's person 
at the time of the excitement regarding the Spanish 
Armada in loSS, both in the court and in the camp at 

He died at tlie Somerset House, of which he was 
the keeper, on Juh- 23, 1597, aged seventy-two years. 
His disease was caused by disappointment at not having 
been made Earl of Wiltshire. In his last sickness Queen 
Elizabeth had a patent for the earldom made out and, 
with the robes of office, laid upon his bed, but he refused 
them, saying that if he was unworthy to receive them 
while living he did not desire them now he was dying. 
He was buried in Westminster Abbey. He left four 
sons, — George bom in 1547, John bom in 1550, Edmund 
bom in 1555, and Robert bom in 1560. They were all 
knights and prominent men and will be heard from 
further on. 

Queen Elizabeth sought to make a matrimonial 
alliance between her cousin George, brother of Henr>\ 
and Mary Queen of Scots. History is silent as to whether 
it was Man,' or George who " wasn't willin'." 

Fourteenth Gexer.\tiox. 
Sir George Gary, Knight of the Garter, son of Sir 
Henry (thirteenth generation) was second Baron Huns- 
don. He wa.s born in l.i}7. He married Elizabeth, 


daughter of —Spencer, Knight. He was knighted 

by Elizabeth in 1570 for distinguished conduct in the 
expedition into Scotland under Sussex; was Governor 
of the Isle of Wight, Lord Chancellor of the Queen's 
Household, member of the Privy Coimcil, etc. He had 
no sons and was succeeded by his brother. 

Sir John Gary, Knight (fourteenth generation), was 
bom in 1550. He married Mary Hyde. He became 
third Lord Himsdon in 1603. His brother Edmund was 
knighted in 1587 by the Earl of Leicester for valor in 
the Netherlands. The fourth son, Robert, will be men- 
tioned later as the Earl of Monmouth. (See page 47.) 

Fifteenth Generation. 

Sir Henry Gary, Knight, son of Sir John (fourteenth 
generation), was bom in 1580. He was fourth Lord 
Hunsdon. He married Judith Pelham. He was made 
Viscoimt Rochford in 1621 by James I. and also created 
Earl of Dover in 1627 by Gharles I. He was thus a baron, 
an earl and a viscount at the same time. He died in 
1668. — Reign of Elizabeth, James I. and Charles I. and II. 

Sixteenth Generation. 
Sir John Gary, Knight, son of Henry (fifteenth gener- 
ation), was born in 1605. He married Dorothy St. John. 
At the coronation of Charles I., February 2, 1625, he 
was made Knight of the Bath. On the death of his father, 
in 1668, he was second Viscount Rochford, second Earl 
of Dover, and fifth Baron Hunsdon. He died in 1677 
and was buried in Westminster Abbey. His sister Anne 


was burietl lliere in KiOl. Leaving no son, llic tille 
reverted to liis fourth cousin. — Reign of James L and 
Charles I. and IL 

Sevkxteknth Generation. 

Robert Cary, son of Robert, son of Horatius, son of 
Edmund, son of Henrj' the first Hunsdon, was bora in 
1630. He was sixth Baron Hunsdon. He married 
Margaret CHfton. He died in 1G92 and, having no son, 
the title fell to his fifth cousin. — Reign of Charles I. and 
n. and James II. 

Robert Cary (seventeenth generation), seventh Lord 
Hunsdon, was the son of Ernestus, son of Robert, son 
of Edmund, son of Henry the first Lord Hunsdon. 

At the time he was elevated to the baronetcy he was 
a poor weaver in Holland. The change from the position 
of a weaver, with a few sliiUings wages per day, to that 
of a lord of the realm, with an income of twenty thousand 
dollars per year, must have been something quite over- 
whelming. He lived thus ten years, dying unmarried in 
1702. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. — Reign of 
James II. and William III. 

William Ferdinand Cary (seventeenth generation), 
lineal descendant of Henry, first Hunsdon, was sixth 
cousin to Robert, seventh Hunsdon. His grandfather 
married the daughter of the Secretary of the States 
General, Holland. His father was colonel in the amiy 
of the Netherlands. He came to England in 1G90 and 
had to be naturalized in order to be eligible to the baro- 
netcy. He a.ssumed the tille in Kl'.M'i and was the eighth 


lord in the line. He mamed Grace, daughter of 
Edmund Waldo, Knight. He died in 1765 at an 
advanced age, without children ; with him expired the 
line of Gary Hunsdons, and the title reverted to the 
crown. — Reign of James II., WiUiam III., Anne and 
George I., II., and III. 









Fourteenth Generation. 
CIR Robert Gary, Knight, son of Henry, first Baron 

Hunsdon, was born in 1559 or 15G0. (See page 40.) 
In his youth he went into Scotland and got into the 
good graces of James VI. He was very active and 
strong like his father, and was distinguished for his great 
knowledge of foreign languages. He occupied several 
iniportant positions, and was sent on missions which 
required great tact and diplomacy. He was a confidant 
of Queen Elizabeth, and was sent by her into Scotland 
in 1586 to assure James VI. that the cruel and violent 
death of his mother was not intended by her. He was 
on board the fleet at the destruction of the Spanish 
Armada in 15SS. He was knighted in 1591 by Lord 
Essex in France. That nobleman hatl been sent with 
his army to aid the Protestant King Henry I\'. Queen 
Elizabeth had ordered Essex home from France, and on 
his delaying to leave his army, she threatened him with 
severe punishment, but Robert went to England and 
a])peased her anger. 

He married Elizabeth Trevannion, much to the 
displeasure of the ciueen. who wanted all tlie atlcnlion 
of her courtiers. 

The reader douljtless remembers the story of Essex 
and the ring. Essex had been arrested as a traitor, tried 
and condemned. Tlic (luccn had ])rcvious]y given him a 


ring, telling him that whatever trouble he might fall into, 
she would promise him that, on receiving again that ring, 
she would give him a favorable hearing. She expected 
to receive it at this juncture of his fate, and attributed 
to his obstinacy his not sending it. And when she had 
given him, as she thought, ample time for repentance, 
and yet the important ring came not, she delayed no 
longer his execution, which took place February 25, 160L 
About two years after this, the Countess of Nottingham, 
being on her death-bed, besought the queen to come to 
her, as she had something to reveal. She then confessed 
that Essex had entrusted her with the ring to restore 
it to her majesty, but that she had been prevailed on 
by her husband to withhold it. Elizabeth, in an agony 
of grief at this disclosure, shook the dying countess in 
her bed, and said that God might forgive her, but she 
never could. She then returned to the palace at Rich- 
mond, and gave herself up to incurable melancholy. This 
Countess of Nottingham was Robert's sister Katherine. 
Robert was by the bedside of the queen during her 
last sickness, and when she died. He then, although 
every one was forbidden to leave the palace without per- 
mission, succeeded by a ruse in getting out, mounted a 
horse and rode for three days to Edinburgh, in order to 
first announce to James VI. his accession to the English 
throne. Robert's sister, Lady Scroope, had a sapphire 
ring belonging to King James, which was to be sent by 
any messenger that should go to him, to show that he 
was direct from Elizabeth's Court. She could not give 
this to Robert in the palace for fear of being seen, and so 


threw it out of the wimlow to liini after he had safely 
passed out. This is the famous " hkic ring "' of history. 

Robert had previously sent a messenger to James, 
who arrived at llolyrood March 14, 1()()2, " to gi\e liim 
assurance that the queen could not outlive more than 
three days, and that he staid at court only to bring him 
the first news of her death, and had horses ]iosted all the 
way to make him speed in his post." 

In an address to King James after his coronation, 
mailc by the Mayor and Council of London, Robert was 
strongly censured for going into Scotland without their 

The following is copied from a very ancient English 
work: •• Upon the 24th. of March 1602 did set the most 
glorious Sun that ever shined in the Firmament of Eng- 
land (the never to be forgotten Queen Elizabeth of haj)py 
memor\) about three in the morning, at her Manor of 
Richmond, not onl\- to the inspeakable grief of her 
Servants in i)articular, but all her Subjects in general. 

" No sooner was that Sun set, but Sir Robert Gary 
(her near kinsman, and whose Family, and himself, she 
had raised from the degree of a common Gentleman, to 
high honor, in title and place) most ingratefulh' did catch 
at her last breath, to carry it to the rising Sun then in 
Scotland, notwithstanding a strict charge to keep fast 
all the gates, yet, his Father being Lord Chamberlain, he 
by that means found favor to get out, to earn.' the first 

In his memoirs. Sir Robert savs; " I could but 
think in what a wretched state I should be left, most of 


my livelihood depending on her life. And I bethought 
myself with what grace and favor I was ever received by 
the King of Scots whenever I was sent to him. 

" I did assure myself, that it was neither unjust, nor 
lonhonest for me to do for myself, if God, at that time 
should call her to his mercy. Hereupon I wrote to the 
King of Scots, (knowing him to be the rightful heir to 
the throne of England), and certified him in what state 
she was. I desired him not to stir from Edinburgh; 
if of that sickness she should die I would be the first man 
that should bring him the news of it." Robert was a 
wily politician. 

King James' son, Prince Charles, was a very delicate 
child, and the ladies of the court were afraid to take 
charge of him for fear that if he should not live to grow 
up they would get into disfavor with the king. Robert's 
wife offered to take care of him, and he continued with 
her from four years of age till he was eleven, and grew 
up healthy and strong. 

Robert was appointed Chief Gentleman of the Bed- 
chamber and Master of the Robes, and in 1621 was 
created Lord Cary of Leppington, Yorkshire. 

He had two sons, Henry and Thomas. His daughter 
married the Earl of Middlesex and Lord Treasurer of 

In 1625 King James died, and at the coronation of 
Charles I., February 7, 1626, Robert was created first 
Earl of Monmouth. 

While Charles was yet prince he had bestowed the 
Castle of Kenilworth on Robert and his two sons, and 

I •'>^^u:iv-." " U!;i i L!i--j.>- - -'- -^^^^^ m 

I ' ^ i: N Cau tv K.vm,</- MoNMouni 


tlicy lived there over twenty years. This castle, whether 

in respect to the magnificence of the buildings, or the 

nobleness of its chase and parks, was second only to 

Warwick in stateliness and grandeur. Walter Scott has 

made it famous for all time. The Gary family lived at 

Kenilworth till Cromwell turned all things upsifle down, 

twenty-four years later. Robert died in 1639. On the 

accession of Charles II. he returned the castle to the 

daughters of Robert, and they enjoyed it for several 

years. — Reign of Elizabeth, James I. and Charles I. 

and II. 

Fifteenth Gener.\tion. 

Sir Henry Cary, Knight, son of Robert (fourteenth 
generation), was bom in 1596. He was made Knight 
of the Bath at the creation of Charles as Prince of Wales 
in 1616, and succeeded his father as second Earl of Mon- 
mouth in 1639. 

He married Lady Martha Cranfield. daughter of the 
Lord Treasurer and Earl of Middlesex. He was well 
skilled in modern languages and published many trans- 
lations. He studied with Charles I. 

He died in 1661. Lionel, his first son. died at the 
age of twenty-nine years, and Henry, the second son, 
died at the age of twenty-four \ears, both ih-ing before 
their father. The earldom was vacant after Henr>''s 
death until 1689, a period of twenty-eight years.— Reign 
of Elizabeth, James I. and Charles I. 

Thomas Cary, brother of Sir Henry, above, and 
who lived at Kenilworth with the family, was Groom of 
the Bedchamber to Charles I. 


He was greatly attached to the unfortunate monarch, 
and died of grief about a year after the king was beheaded 
by Cromwell. He was thirty-three years of age when he 
died, April 9, 1650. He was a poet, and had the honor 
of being btiried in Westminster Abbey. 

He left a daughter, Elizabeth, who married John 
Mordaunt, afterwards Viscount Mordaimt. They had a 
son Charles, so named on account of his grandfather's 
great love for Charles I. 

Seventeenth Generation. 
Lord Charles Cary Mordaunt was grand-nephew of 
Henry, second Monmouth, and was created third Earl of 
Monmouth in 1689. He died that same year, and as he 
was childless the title expired. — Reign of Elizabeth, 
James I. and Charles I. 




TVTOTIX): " In Utro(iue Fidt-lis." Faithful in Every- 

The regular line of descent is followed as far as 
Thomas Car>- (eleventh generation). (See page 37.) 

Twelfth Generation. 
Sir John Cary, Knight of Cockington, son of Thomas 
(eleventh generation), was bom about 1495. He was the 
brother of William who married Mary Boleyn. (See 
page 37.) He mamed Joice Denny. He left four sons, — 
Wymond, born in 1535 ; Edward, bom in 1540 ; Adolphus, 
1)1 irn in 1542 ; and Philip, bom in 1545. All were knights. 
—Reign of Henry VH. and VHI. and Edward VI. 

Tn I RTE r: NTi I ( i en er.\tion . 
Sir Edward Cary, Knight of Berkhampstead, second 
son of Sir John (twelfth generation), was bom in 1540. 
He married Catherine Paget. He was Master of the 
Jewel Office under Elizabeth and James I. — Reign of 
Edward VI., Mary, Elizabeth and James I. 

Fourteenth Gener.\tion. 
Sir Henry Cary, Knight, son of Sir Edward (thir- 
teenth generation), was born in 15S(). He married 
Elizalieth, daughter of Laurence Taunlield, Knight. Lord 


Ghief Baron of the Exchequer. He was made Knight 
of the Bath in 1616 by James I., and was Lord Lieuten- 
ant of Ireland 1622-1629. He was created the first 
Viscount Falkland, Scotch peer. His seat was Falkland 
in Fife Gounty, Scotland. " While at Oxford his room 
was the rendezvous of all the eminent artists, divines, 
philosophers, lawyers, historians and politicians of his 
times. He was a person of great gallantry, the orna- 
ment and support of his country." Glarendon says: 
" He spent a full fortune at Gourt in those offices which 
other men use to obtain a greater." 

Another says: " Of his integrity and disinterested 
loyalty, we can have no greater proof, than that he 
impaired his patrimony in employments by which others 
raised their fortune." 

He had three sons, — Lucius, born in 1610 ; Lawrence, 
bom in 1612; and Patrick, bom in 1625. He died in 
1633. — Reign of Elizabeth, James I. and Gharles I. 
and II. 

Fifteenth Generation. 

Lord Lucius Gary, second Viscount Falkland, son 
of Henry (fourteenth generation), was born in 1610. 
He married Alicia, or Letitia, Morrison. He was Ghan- 
cellor of the Exchequer under Gharles I. 

His marble statue stands in St. Stephen's Hall, at 
the entrance to the Parliament Houses in London, with 
eleven others of England's greatest men, — Pitt, Ghatham, 
Fox, Hampden, Glarendon, Burke, etc. He was regarded 
as the greatest man of England in his day. He opposed 
the errors of the king, but during the struggle with Grom- 

.Li as lAkv. Lord ialklam) 


well he took his stand by the side of his royal master. 
Learned, \vitt\- and accomplished, he was indignant at 
the evident desire of the j^opular leaders to deluge the 
country in blood. 

He was educated in Trinity College, Dublin, and 
was distinguished for mieommon ]iroficiency in classical 
and general literature. On the occasion of a visit to 
the Bodleian library at Oxford, King Charles requested 
Lucius Cary to look for his fortune, or destiny, in Virgil's 
.,<^nead. The passage selected was line 615 of book four, 
where is the imprecation of Queen Dido against /Eneas : 
" But troubled by the War, and quaiTels of a brave peoj^le. 
when his lands have been torn awa\- from him, ... he 
shall see the dreadful death of his own people." This 
was so very unfavorable to the king, and depicted his 
fate so pathetically, that the noble sought to turn it off 
by looking for one for himself, showing that he was not 
superstitious. His eye fell on line 152 of book eleven, 
where is the lamentation of Evander on the untimely fall 
of his favorite son Pallas, prophetic of the fate awaiting 

On the morning of September 20, 1(543, Lord Falk- 
land was gloomy and impressed with the thought that he 
should die that day, and history states, " Ham])den, the 
great leader on the side of Cromwell, and I"""alkland, the 
most illustrious on the side of the king, fell that day at 
the memorable battle of Newbury." There is a monu- 
ment to F"alkland on the battlefield. 

Lord Clarendon thus speaks of Lucius Cary: " Lord 
Falklanil was a man of immense wit ami juilgnient; he 


was superior to all those passions and affectations which 
attend vulgar minds, being of inimitable sweetness and 
delight in conversation, of so flowing and obliging good- 
ness to mankind, and of such integrity of life, that if 
there were no other brand upon this odious and ctirsed 
civil war than this one loss, it must be infamous and 
execrable to all posterity." 

I quote from other authors. One says: "His 
character is an assemblage of almost every virtue and 
excellency that can dignify or adorn a man." Another 
calls him " the greatest ornament to our Nation the last 
age produced." Another styles him " The Envy of this 
age and the Wonder of the next." A fourth says, " by 
his death learning had the greatest loss that ever hap- 
pened in that or the age before it." Wood says: " The 
opinion at Oxford was that he had such extraordinary 
clear reason that if the Turk, or the Devil, were to be 
converted to Christianity, he was able to do it." 

Lucius Gary was a great favorite of Gharles I. from 
boyhood. As a matter of mere curiosity I record the 
following. In 1614 Gaptain John Smith made a voyage 
to the New World. He made a map of the New England 
coast which was tolerably correct under the circum- 
stances. This he presented to the king on his return. 
On this map were shown three or four islands just out 
of Boston harbor. Prince Gharles, who was then four- 
teen years old, amused himself by changing the uncouth 
Indian names to English ones, and named these islands 
" Gary Isles " for Lucius Gary. These are those that are 
now known as the Brewsters. 


Lucius liad two sons, Lucius born in HV.i2 iuid 
Henry Lucius horn in lG3o. — Reign of James I. and 
Charles I. 

Sixteenth Gexeratiox. 

Lord Lucius Cary, third Viscount Falkland, son of 
Lucius (fifteenth generation), was bom in 1632 and suc- 
ceeded his father at the age of eleven years. He died in 
France at the age of seventeen years. — Reign of Charles I. 

Lord Henry Lucius Cary (sixteenth generation), 
fourth Viscount Falkland, was bom in 1635. He married 
Rachel Hungerford. He was well versed in literature 
and wrote several comedies. During part of Cromwell's 
time he was committed to the Tower of London. I quote : 
" He was quick witted. Being brought early into the 
House of Lords, and a grave Senator objecting to his 
youth, and to his not looking as if he had sowed his wild 
oats, he replied quickly, — Then I am come to the 
properest place, where there are so many geese to pick 
them up." He died in 1664. — Reign of Charles I. and IL 

Seventeenth Gener.vtion. 
Lord Anthony Cary, fifth Falkland, was the son of 
Henry Lucius (sixteenth generation). He married Re- 
becca Lytton. He was PajTnaster to the Forces from 
1680 to 1690. He was shut up in the Tower for " Bor- 
rowing two thousand Pounds of the King's money con- 
trary to the lawful usage." He was a member of the 
Privy Council to King William, and twice was a Com- 
missioner to the Admiralty. He died in 1694, leaving 
no sons. — Reign of Charles II., James II. and William HI. 


Lord Lucius Henry Gary (sixteenth generation), 
sixth Falkland, was the son of Patrick (fifteenth genera- 
tion), brother of the great Falkland. He was second 
cousin of the fifth Falkland. He was born in 1675. He 
married Dorothy Molineaiix. He died in Paris in 1730 
and was buried in the beautiful church of St. Sulpice. — 
Reign of James II., William III., Anne and George I. 
and II. 

Lord Lucius Gharles Gary (seventeenth generation) 
seventh Falkland, son of Lucius Henry (sixteenth gener- 
ation), was bom in 1700. He married Jane Villiers. 
He died in 1785. His son, Lucius Ferdinand, having 
cUed before him, the title fell to his grandson. 

Eighteenth Generation. 
Hon. Lucius Ferdinand Gary was bom in 1735. 
He was the first child of the seventh Lord Falkland. 
He served in the British army in America before the 
Revolution as major of the 60th Regiment, the " Royal 
American," taking the place of Major General Horatio 
Gates. His commission was dated April 4, 1765. General 
Gates returned to England and left the army. Later he 
removed to America and settled in Virginia. During the 
Revolutionary War he served as a general in the Ameri- 
can army. — Reign of Anne and George I., II. and III. 

Nineteenth Generation. 
Lord Henry Thomas Gary, eighth Falkland, son of 
Lucius Ferdinand and grandson of the seventh viscount, 
was born in 1766. He died unmarried. — Reign of 
George III. 




Lord Charles John Cary (iiincU'OiUh generation), 
ninth Falkland, was brother of Henry Thomas. He 
married Christiana Anton. He was a caj)tain in the 
royal navy. He lost his life in a duel in ISO^l. He was 
born in 17()S. — Reign of George III. 

TwKXTiETH Generation'. 

Lord Lucius Bentinck Cary, tenth Falkland, was son 
of Charles John (nineteenth generation). He was bom in 
1803. He maiTied the natural daughter of King William 
IV. She died and he then married the Dowager Duchess 
of St. Albans in 1859. He was Lord in Waiting to the 
Queen, Governor of Nova Scotia and Governor of Bom- 
bay from 1848 to 1853. He died in 1884.— Reign of 
George III. and IV., William IV. and Queen Victoria. 

Lucius Bentinck Cary was succeeded in 1884 by his 
brother, Plantagenet Pierrepont Gary, as eleventh Falk- 
land. He was born in Sej^tember, 180G. He was an 
admiral in the royal navy. He died January 31, 1886, 
and was succeeded by his nephew. — Reign of George III. 
and IV., William l\\ and Queen Victoria. 

Twenty-first Gener.a.tion. 

Lord Byron Plantagenet Cary, twelfth Falkland, is 
the present peer. He was born April 3, 1845, and mar- 
ried in 1879 Mary, daughter of Robert Rcade of New 
York. He was major of the Royal Sussex Regiment 
and retired in 1884 as colonel of the Fourth Battalion, — 
" the Prince of Wales' own." His title is Lord Cary, 
Viscount I'alkland. 



I copy his record from the Blue Book of Parlia- 

" Falkland (12th Visct. Sco. Rep.) Byron Plantag- 
enet Gary, cr. 1620. 

B. 1845. m. d. of Robert Reade, esq, of New York. 
Elected Sco. Rep. 1894. Is Lt. Col. and Hon. Col. 4th 
batt. Yorks regt. and a J. P. and D. L. Yorks N. R. 
Patron of 1 living, 76 Eaton-square, S. W. Carlton and 
United Service Clubs, Scutterskelfe. Yarms Yorks." 

Byron Plantagenet has three sons. The oldest, 
Lucius Plantagenet, master of Falkland, was bom Sep- 
tember 23, 1880. 



T VISITED ClovcUy in the summer of 1892, and became 
greatly interested in the place, both on account of 
its history and its picturesqueness. 

It is situated in the north of Devonshire, on the 
Bristol Channel. The coast is quite abrupt and rises 
from two hundred to five hundred feet above the 
water. In a little opening, or cleft, in the lofty 
cliffs is tucked a little collection of stone cottages, 
there being only one street worthy of the name. This 
street is twelve or fifteen feet wide and ascends too 
steeply to allow carriages to be used. Their place is 
taken by funny little donkeys, who will carry loads 
larger than themselves. There is no sidewalk and pedes- 
trians must share the cobblestone pavement with the 
donkeys. The houses arc built of stones brought uj) 
from the beach hundreds of years ago by the ancestors 
of these sailors and fishermen who live here now. 

About halfwa>- u]) the hill is the Public Square ; this 
is some twenty by thirty feet in extent, liaving an iron 
railing in front to jMcvent one from falling into the 
chimney of the house below, a wooden bench to sit ujxin, 
a flag-staff and a barometer. 

At the foot of the street is a little stone pier and 
breakwater, built by my ancestors more than three hun- 
dred years ago. Here are sheltered the fishing boats, anil 
here passengers who come b\- the steamer arc landed 


from small boats. At the top of the street lies the open 
country, where are the broad acres of the lord of the 
manor. The mansion house is called Clovelly Court. 
Near this is the little stone church of All Saints, where 
some of the Carys used to preach, and where many of 
them lie buried. The church was built over six hun- 
dred years ago, and the oaken roof- timbers all show 
and are black with age. 

I will give an account of the Carys who have owned 
the estate or have lived there. In Westcote's work, 
speaking of Clovelly, he says, " And now I am in a place 
of the residence of the honorable race of Carys, to which 
tribe wisdom is said to he hereditary.'' 

John the famous judge, who died in banishment in 
Ireland, about 1403, bought the estate but did not hve 
here. The property was confiscated but Henry V. 
restored it to John's son Robert. (See pages 28 and 29.) 

Robert, the valiant knight who vanquished the 
Knight of Arragon, received the estate for his skill in 
arms. (See page 28.) Philip, the son of Robert, 
inherited it next. (See page 30.) William, he that 
was slain at the battle of Tewksbury in 1471, was the 
next owner. (See page 31.) 

This William had two sons, — one, Thomas de Cary, 
the ancestor of the three ennobled branches of the 
family, Hunsdon, Monmouth and Falkland, and another 
son, Robert, ancestor of the Devonshire Carys. 

Eleventh Generation. 
Robert Cary, son of William (tenth generation), was 


Ill-: iiAKHdk 


bom about 1460. He inherited Clovelly from his father. 
He was married three times. His first wife was Jane 
Carew, daughter of Nicholas Carew, Knight, Baron of 
Castle Carew. They had two sons, — John de Cary, 
bom about 1485, and Thomas de Cary, bom about 1495. 
Thomas was the ancestor of the present Torre Abbey 
family in Devonshire. The " de " appears several times 
in this generation, then disappears altogether. 

Robert's second wife was Agnes, daughter of Sir 
William Hody, Knight, Chief Baron of the Exchequer 
under Henry VIII. They had one son, William, bom 
about 1500. 

Robert's third wife was Margaret Fulkeram. They 
had a son, Robert, born at Clovelly about 1510. 

Robert (eleventh generation) died in 1540. His 
tomb is in the little Clovelly church. It has a figure 
of a knight set in Itrass in the slab with this inscription: 

" Pra\- for the sowlc of Sir Robert Cary, Esquire, 

Sonne and heyer of Sir Wni. Cary. Knyghte 

which Sir Robert decessyd the xv day of June 

in the yere of our Lord God m. v. xl 

o' whos sowle Ihu have mercy." 

This Robert was our ancestor — Reign of Edward 
IV. and v., Richard III. and Henry VII. and VIII. 

Twelfth CjKner.mion. 
Robert Cary, son of Robert (eleventh generation), 
was born at Clovelly about 1510. To him was given the 
manor of Clovelly, and he was knowTi in history as 
" Robert of Clovelly." 



He married Margaret Milliton. He died April 1, 
1586. His tomb is in the corner of the church with this 
inscription : 

" Robertus Carius, Armigeri. 
obit An Dom 1586." 

Thirteenth Generation. 
George Gary, son of Robert (twelfth generation), 
was bom about 1545. He was sheriff of Devon. He 
built the famous old pier at Glovelh'. (See view.) He 
died July 10, 1601. The inscription on a brass plate set 
in the slab is in Old Enghsh letters. I copy only the 
beginning : 

" Epitaphium in obitum viti insignissimi 
curatoris pacis aequissimi, 
et musarum patroni dignissimi. 
Georgii Garei. Armigeri." 

Translated thus : 

Epitaph on the death of a highly distinguished man, 
A peacemaker of consummate impartiality, 
A most discriminating patron of the muses. 
George Gary, Esquire. 

— Reign of Edward VI., Mary and Elizabeth. 

Fourteenth Generation. 
William Gary, son of George (thirteenth generation), 
was bom in 1576. This is the William Gary spoken of 
in Kingsley's " Westward Ho." His epitaph is as 
follows : 



In meniory of Win. Car\- Esquire who serxx'tl 

his King & Countr}' in ye office of 

Justice of ve Peace under three Princes 

Queen EHzabeth, King James & King Charles the I, 

and having served his generation 

dved in ve 76 vearc of his age Ano Domini U)o2. 


A ]niliiit with his initials carved on it stands in the 
church. It is supposed to be his gift. On it is the date 
1034.— Reign of Elizabeth, James I. and Charles I. 


Rol)ert Carv, son of William (fourteenth generation), 
was born about Kill). He was a great favorite of King 
Charles II. and was knighted in 1060. He died unmar- 
ried. His tomb is near that of his father. 

In memory of 

Sr Robert Car\- Kt. (Sonne and Heyer of 

William) Gentleman of the Privy 

Chamber unto King Charles the 2nd. 

Who having served faithfully that 
glorious Prince Charles the 1st. in the 
long Civil Warr against his rebellious 
subjects. And both him and his sonne as 

lustice of Peace. He d\-ed a batchelour 

in the 05 veare of his age. An Dom KiTo. 


— Reign of James I. and Charles I. and II. 

George Cary (fifteenth generation), next brother to 
Robert, inherited the estate. He was born in KHl. 
He married Elizabeth Hancock. 

In his \-ounger days George was the rector of the 


Clovelly church. On September 10, 1663, he became 
Dean of Exeter and remained there till he died in 1680. 
He erected the monuments to his father, William Gary, 
before mentioned, also that to his brother Robert. The 
inscription on his own tomb states that he twice refused 
a bishopric. 

There have been five Bishops Gary. Dr. Valentine 
Gary was the Bishop of Exeter from 1621 till he died in 
1626. He had been Dean of St. Paul in London and 
Hes buried there. In 1820 there was a William Gary, 
Bishop of Exeter. His arms are on the bishop's throne 
in the cathedral. Another bishop, Mordecai Gary, was 
sent to Killala, Ireland, in 1735. He was the ancestor 
of Mr. Frank R. Shackleton, spoken of in the preface to 
this book. Another was James, Bishop of Lichfield, 
Coventry and Exeter before mentioned. Another bishop 
lies in the Glovelly church, but I was not able to decipher 
the Latin inscription. 

There have also been three Sub Deans of Exeter 
named Gary. Dean George had a son George who was 
married twice. He was a favorite of Gharles I. and was 
knighted during his father's life. He was the heir of the 
dean and survived him only three years. He left no 
children and the estate fell to his brother. In the 
church is a monument to the dean's wife, Elizabeth. — 
Reign of James I. and Gharles I. and II. 

Sixteenth Generation. 
William Gary, second son of the dean, was born 

1660. He married Joan and Mary . 



He was Lord of Clovelly in 1700, according to Prince. 
In the churcli is a monument to his first wife, Joan, who 
died February 4, 1GS7, age eighteen years; also one to 
his second wife, Mary, who died February (i, 170L — 
Reign of Charles II., James II. and William III. 

Seven'teexth Generation. 
William Gary, son of William (sixteenth generation) _ 
was bom in 1099. He died in 1724, being the last pro- 
prietor of Clovelly of the name of Gary. He was buried 
in the south aisle of Exeter cathedral June 15, 1725. — 
Reign of William III., Anne and George I. 

The surviving members of the family were his sisters 
Ann and Elizabeth. A monument in the Clovelly 
church bears the following inscription : 

In memor\- of Miss Ann Gary 

who dei:)arted vs life ve 
23d of May 172S. Age 33. 

This monument was erected by the desire 
of the said Miss Ann Gary, and ])erformcd 
by her sister Mrs. Elizabeth, the last of 
the family and wife to Robert Barber, Esq 
of Ashmore in ye County of Dorset. 










iRKi; Aiuu:v 


'T^HE present seat of one branch of the Car\'s, descend- 
ants of Adam de Kari of Castle Kari, is at Torre 
Abbe>', Torquay, Devonshire, England. For many gen- 
erations the family flourished at Cockington, close by 
their present home. 

William the Conqueror took this last-named manor 
from Alaric, the Saxon, and bestowed it on one of his 
followers. In the time of Richard II. it was purchased 
by Sir John Car}-, the Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 
about 1390. It was owned in succession by Robert the 
brave knight. Sir Philip, William who fell at Tewksbury, 
and the Robert who inherited Clovelly. 

The Carys were always staunch Rojalists, and stood 
by their lawful and undoubted sovereigns through thick 
and thin, as in the case of John the Judge, in generation 
seven, and William, in generation ten, at the cost of either 
their liberty, their fortunes, or their lives, or all of these. 
Thus the Carys lost their estates, including Cockington, 
during the Civil War in Cromwell's time. It was twice 
alienated from the family and is now in the possession 
of the Mallock family. (See preceding view.) The manor 
house has been somewhat modernized. This picture 
was taken for this book. The beautiful Cockington 
church is in the grounds, and the old Tor church con- 
taining many tombs of the family. 



Twelfth Generation. 

The second son of Robert (eleventh generation) and 
Jane Carew was Thomas. (See page 71.) 

Thomas de Gary, son of Robert (eleventh genera- 
tion), was bom about 1495. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir John Tulford, Knight. He died in 1583. 
— Reign of Henry VIII. and Edward VI. 

Thirteenth Generation. 

Sir George Gary, Knight of Gockington, son of 
Thomas (twelfth generation), was bom in 1542. He 
married Wilmot Gifford, and second, Lucy Rich, daugh- 
ter of the Earl of Warwick. 

He took a prominent part in the destruction of the 
Spanish Annada in 1588. He was appointed by Queen 
Ehzabeth Lord Treasurer of Ireland in 1599. After the 
queen died he was appointed by James I. Lord Deputy 
of Ireland. In his old age he renounced the cares of 
state and retired to Gockington. He was very wealthy 
and was the owner of forty-two manors. Among other 
acts we read, " He built seven almshouses for seven 
poor people ; each one having a ground room and cham- 
ber above, a little herb garden, distinct and surrounded 
by a stone wall; to each was allowed one shilling per 
week, a new Prize Gown, and a Shirt or Shift at Ghrist- 

He died February 16, 1617, and was buried in the 

Gockington church. As he was childless his nephews 

took the estate. In this church is a font which was given 

by Robert of Glovelly in the lifetime of Jane Garew. 



His arms are on it. - Reign of Edward \'I.. Mary, Eliza- 
beth and James I. 

Fourteenth Generation. 
Sir Edward Cary, Knight, nephew of Sir George 
(thirteenth generation), was born in 1583. He married 
Mary Blackhurst. He got into trouble by leaving the 
Protestant church and joining the Roman Catholics. 
He was deprived of most of his property ; was pardoned 
b\- Charles I. but Cromwell finished him by confiscating 
all his estates. He formerly lived at Dungiven, Ireland. 
He was knighted in Ireland in 1625 by Henry Cary, first 
Falkland. He died in 1G54. — Reign of Elizabeth, James 
I. and Charles I. 

Fifteenth Generation. 
Sir George Cary, Knight, son of Edward (fourteenth 
generation), was born at Cockington in 1610. He mar- 
ried Anne Manners. He was knighted bv Charles I. at 
Greenwich, July 3, 1632. As Cromwell had confiscated 
Cockington he purchased Torre Abbey in 1662. (See 
history of the Abbey on page 85.) He died in 1678.— 
Reign of James I. and Charles I. 

Sixteenth Generation. 
Edward Cary was the son of Sir George (fifteenth 
generation). He married Mary Pelsont. He was bom 
in 1640 at Cockington.— Reign of Charles I. and II. 



Seventeenth Generation. 
George Gary, son of Edward (sixteenth generation), 
was born at Torre Abbey in 1685. He married Anne, 
daughter of Lord Ghfford. He left no heirs. — Reign of 
James II., WilHam III., Anne and George I. and II. 

Eighteenth Generation. 
George Gary, nephew of George (seventeenth gener- 
ation), was born in 1730. He married Gecilia Fagnani. 
He died in 1805. — Reign of George II. and III. 

Nineteenth Generation. 

George Gary, son of George (eighteenth generation), 

was bom at Torre Abbey in 1768. He married 

Franklin. He left no sons. — Reign of George III. and IV. 

Twentieth Generation. 
Henry George Gary, nephew of George (nineteenth 
generation), was bom in 1800. He married Emily 
Shedden. He died in 1840. — Reign of George III. and 
IV. and William IV. 

Twenty-first Generation. 
Robert Shedden Sulyarde Gary, son of Henry George 
(twentieth generation), was born at Torre Abbey in 1828. 
He married Margaret Mary Stockman in 1866. He has 
no children. He is still living at Torre Abbey (January, 
1898).— Reign of Wilham IV. and Victoria. 

Torre Abbey was founded in 1196 by Lord Brewere, 


one of the richest and most jwwerful barons of his day. 
The building was taken ])Ossession of by Adam, the first 
abbot, and six monks, on March 25, 1 19(5. Many manors 
and lands were bestowed upon it and it grew rapidly in 
wealth and splendor. The Alibe>- church was about 
two hundred feet in length. Tlic Abbey and lands were 
confiscated by Henry VIH., and the last abbot left 
April 25, 153«9. The king gave it to St. Leger in 1543 
and it changed hands several times till, in 1653, the 
property was divided into two parts, and the Torre Abbey 
part was bought in 1602 by George Cary, formerly of 

The preceding view shows what remains of the Abbey. 
The modem })art is beyond this and faces the water. 
This view was taken for this book. Stone coffins and 
bones have been dug up in the present orchard and 
garden. There still exist several secret rooms where the 
Catholics used to hide during Cromwell's time. It has 
passed through an illustrious line of ancestors to the 
present owner, Robert S. S. Cary. 

The grounds extend to the water. This is Torbay, 
the harbor of Torquay. William the Conqueror landed 
here, and here Najioleon was a prisoner on the shiji 
Bellerophon, several days before going to St. Helena. In 
the view of the Abbe\- facing page 80 are seen three 
ladies. The one in dark clothing is Miss Edith, the 
sister of Robert, the ])roiirietor. The two with white 
waists are Edith and Bertha, daughters of Colonel Lucius 
Falkland Cary, brother of Robert. 

Colonel Lucius Falkland Carv was bom at Torre 



Abbey February 1, 1839. He was named for the great 
Viscount of Gharles I. He married Bertha Ehzabeth 
PhilHps in 1868. They have three children. 

1. Edith, bom in 1869. 

2. Bertha, bom in 1870. 

3. Henry James Lucius 1872. 

Golonel Gary married secondly, in 1878, Louise 
Rowley. He succeeded to the Torre Abbey estate at 
the death of his brother Robert, which occurred Sep- 
tember 2, 1898. He is a worthy successor of the long 
line of illustrious Lords of Torre Abbey, having given 
thirty-five years of his life to the state, five in the 
navy and thirty in the army, and wears medals in honor 
of bravery in battle at the siege of Sebastopol in 1854, 
in the Ashantee War in 1874, and in the Burmese Expe- 
dition in 1886. 



'T~*'HIS line consists of three generations only, the first 
name being in the twelfth and the first name in 
America the fifteenth. 

Robert Cary, eleventh generation of the Clovelly 
line, was the ancestor of the Devonshire and Somerset- 
shire Carys. By his second wife, Agnes Hody, he had 
a son, William, bom in 1500. 

The laws of heraldry in England are very strict, 
each family of the nobility jealously guarding its own 
coat of arms; and to change without authority, or to 
appropriate another's arms, is considered a very grave 

At certain intervals there are so-called Herald's 
Visitations into the different counties, by officers of the 
Royal College of Heralds, to examine into the status of 
the various families and to settle any questions that may 
arise. As late as 1715, two hundred years after the birth 
of Robert's son William, and nearly one hundred years 
after the emigration of the Bristol Carys to America, 
the Earl Marshal of England issued a decree to Sir 
Thomas St. George, Knight, Garter, principal King of 
Arms, declaring that the Bristol family was the same as 
that of Devonshire. 

Twelfth (iEni:r.\tion. 
William Cary was sheriff of liri.stol in Somerset, in 


1532, during the reign of Henry VIII. He was mayor 
of that' city in 1546. He was born in 1500 and died 
March 28, 1572.— Reign of Henry VII. and VIII., Edward 
VI., Mary and Elizabeth. 

Thirteenth Generation. 
Robert Gary, oldest son of William (twelfth genera- 
tion), was bom in Bristol in 1525 and died in 1570. — 
Reign of Henry VIII., Edward VI., Mary and Elizabeth. 

Fourteenth Generation. 
William Gary, oldest son of Robert (thirteenth gen- 
eration), was bom October 3, 1560. He was sheriff of 
Bristol in 1599 and mayor in 1611. He had eight sons, 
three of whom came to America in 1634, 1635 and 1640 
respectively. — Reign of Mary, Elizabeth, James I. and 
Gharles I. 






Adam de 1170 

s John de 1200 

5 William de 1230 

5 John de 1270 

5 William 1300 

5 John 1325 

5 John 1350 

s Robert 1375 

5 Philip 1400 

5 WiUiam 1430 

5 Thomas 1465 

5 William 1500 

Created 1559. 

s Henry 1525 

5 George 1547 

b John 1550 

5 Henry 1580 

s John 1605 

c Robert 1630 

c Rol)crt 

c William F 




Same as the Hunsdon Line for thirteen generations. 


Adamde 1170 

5 John de 1200 

5 WiUiam de 1230 

s John de 1270 

5 William 1300 

5 John 1325 

5 John 1350 

5 Robert 1375 

5 Philip 1400 

5 WiUiam 1430 

5 Thomas 1465 

5 William 1500 

s Henry 1525 

Greated 1626. 

s Robert 1559 

5 Henry 1596 

11 Gharles 




Same as the Ihinsdon Line for eleven generations. 


Adamde 1170 

5 Johnde 1200 

i- William de 1230 

s Johnde 1270 

5 William 1300 

5 John 1325 

5 John 13:)0 

5 Robert 137.") 

5 Philip 1400 

5 William U30 

s Thomas 14(j."j 

5 John 1495 

s Edward 1540 

Created 1620. 

5 Henry 15S0 

5 Lucius H)10 

5 Lucius 1 1)32 

b Henry L Hi35 

5 Anthony 

c Lucius li''75 

5 Lucius 1 700 

g Henry 1 71)0 

6 Charles 1 768 

b Plantagenct lSO(i 

M Byron? 1S45 






Adam de 1170 

5 John de 1200 

s William de 1230 

5 John de 1270 

5 William 1300 

s John 1325 

Estate Bought 1:590. 

•^ John 1350 

5 Robert 1375 

s Philip 1400 

5 William 1430 

s Robert 1460 

5 Robert 1510 

s George 1545 

5 William 1576 

5 Robert 1610 

b George 1611 

•T William IfiCO 

.<; William Ki'.Kt 




Same as Glovelly Line for eleven generations. 


Adam de 1170 

5 John de 1200 

5 WilUam de 1230 

5 John de 1270 

5 William 1300 

s John 1325 

5 John 1350 

5 Robert 1375 

5 PhiUp 1400 

s WiUiam 1430 

5 Robert 1460 

5 Thomas 1495 

5 George 1542 

n Edward 1583 

Estate Bought 1662. 

5 George 1610 

5 Edward 1640 

s George 1685 

n George . .> 1730 

5 George 1768 

n Henry 1800 

5 Robert 1828 



Same as Clovelly Line for eleven generations. 


Adamde 1170 

5 John de 1200 

s William de 1230 

5 John de 1270 

s WiUiam 1300 

5 John 1325 

5 John 1350 

5 Robert 1375 

s Philip 1400 

s William 1430 

5 Robert 1460 

s William 1500 

s Robert 1525 

5 William 1560 

s John 1610 

To America 1634. 

5 John 1645 

5 Eleazer 1678 

s William 1729 

5 William 1767 

5 William 1796 

.rHenr>-G 1820 

Note. — This is the line of the author of this book. 



There have been many Carys who were scholars, 
authors, poets and public men whose connection has not 
been traced. A few only are mentioned. 

Henry Gary, poet and musician, wrote many songs 
and dramatic pieces. Among them were " Sallie in Our 
Alley " and " God Save the King," published in 1740. 

Words and Music by Henry Gary, 1740. 
God save great George our King, 
Long live our noble King, 

God save the King. 
Send him victorious, 
Happy and glorious. 
Long to reign over us, 
God save the King. 

O Lord our God arise, 
Scatter his enemies. 

And make them fall. 
Gonfound their politics. 
Frustrate their knavish tricks, 
On Thee our hopes we fix, 

God save us all. 



Rev. Henry F. Carv of Birininji;hain was the author 
of the best translation of Dante which was ever written, 
pubHshed in 1847. He was buried in Poets' Comer, 
Westminster Abbey. 

Joseph Gary was considered the inventor of stereo- 
typing. He died in 1801. 

William Cary, the " Consecrated Cobbler," was born 
in 1 7G 1 . He left the Established Church and joined the 
Baptist. He was a poor shoemaker but by study became 
very learned. In 1793 he went as a missionary to India. 
He was professor of Sanscrit and other Oriental languages, 
and made translations of the Bible into many dialects. 
He died in 1834. 




,...-^ AUG 87 

^T-'^ INOtANA 46962