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Fiom its Intioduction into the Province, till the Death of the 
Eev. Wm. Oase in 1855 


*'TeU ye your childrea of It. and let your chiMren tell tbctr claijaren, and their childcea 
a&otlier geueratioa."'FBorBi* Jou. 

f 0rniitn: 






by Google 

C ^ot^> I (p\ 

JUN 28 1910 

. \ 




To tho Ministers and Members of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Ohnrch, and to the various Methodist Bodies in Canada, this 
Book is modestly, but affectionately, inscribed— in hopes that 
the remembrance of a common parentage may lead them to 
compromise their differences, and combine and economise their 
energies in one undivided phalanx, to urge forward, instra- 
mentally, the glorious work of evangelization^by their brother 
in the common faith, 


Guelph March, 18ft7. 






The following pages comprise a book so nondescript as to 
require, perhaps, an exposition of its character, mode of con- 
stmction, and object. It is not a history, in the ordinary sense 
of that term, much less a single biography, nor yet a bundle of 
biographies; but a biographical history. The primary design 
is to give a presentation of one particular public man, the 
Bey. William Case, and a secondary one, of all the 
Methodist Ministers and Preachers who have labored in the 
two Canadas, from the first till the time to which the work 
comes down, all of whom we have, in one way or another, 
connected with Mr. Case. His life is the principal stream, 
the others are the tributaries. 

The several biographies thus combined, when completed, 
constitute a history of Canada Methodism from its plantation 
in the now united Provinces of Eastern and Western Canada, 
till 1855. There is nothing peculiar in this feature. The 
biography of a succession of leading men in any community, 
whether secular or religious, will ever necessarily constitute a 
tiistorv of that community. This historical issue, however. 




is Hbfi result rather than the design of the present work. It 
was -by no means designed, when commenced^ to imply a 
reflection on the history written by my painstaking personal 
friend, the Bev. George Frederick Playter, recently removed 
from amongst ns^ the first volome of which is already pub- 
lished, and the second, of which he lived to complete and left 
ready for publicatioa, and which, it is to be hoped, will be 
given to the public by some means. Much less is our treatise 
designed to forestall the expected exhaustive work of the Bev. 
Dr. Byerson, of whose intention we knew nothing when we 
began to write. Our humbler production, going first, we 
hope the researches it contains will contribute in some measure 
to enrich the pages of the more comprehensive history. 

Although this work of ours has involved mdre labor and 
care, than any one besides ourself will ever be able to 
appreciate, it has, notwithstanding, been written con amore. 
In writing it we have felt in some measure the pleasure 
referred to in the following extract: ''One who was most 
successful in such a research has said, * He who recalls de- 
parted ages back again into being, enjoys a bliss like that 
of creating.' " Thb bliss has been ours. 

Biography had always great attractions for the writer; and 
especially, since his conversion, religious biography. About 
the time he first b^an to take an interest in religion, he met 
with and read a volume of the ''Preachers* Experiences." 
His youthful mind was much fascinated with the exercises 
and adventures of those remarkable men. After that he 
steadily perused all the biopn^aphies of the itinerant preachers. 




European and American, published in the magarines and 

The first thought of writing anything of thai kind himself 
occurred to his mind so early as 1834-35, when he traVdled 
the old Mi^tilda Circuit, where he met with ''Atmore's Methodist 
Memorial," confined to the early English preachers. A few 
years after he perused with gpreat pleasure the " Non-Confor- ' 
mists' Memorial," on which Mr. Atmore's work seems to have 
been modelled. Inquiries of the older people relative to the 
preachers they had had among them in former days, which 
was his constant habit, was prompted by a curiosity on that 
subject, and their answers and remarks were easily remember- 
ed without any memoranda. About the time he fell in with 
the latter of the two workSi above-mentioned, he prepared a 
memorandum book, and began to make collections with a view 
to a Memorial of the Methodist Preachers who had labored in 
Canada, to be alphabetically or chronologically arranged. 

Subsequent divisions in our provincial Methodism discour- 
aged him, apd he gave up the project. After one of the most 
embarrassing of those schisms was healed, some of his mate- 
rials were embodied in a sketchy work with the title of ^* Past 
AND Phesent." That work, except a few copies in the 
author's possession, is out of print It would now sell 
readily ; and a number of highly respectable friends of his 
have urged the issue of a new edition. But he felt a reluc- 
tance to perpetuate a work, a large part of which, from its 
verv nature, was necessarily ephemeral. 




About that time tbe idea of the present work presented 
itself to his mind. A kind of book which it was thought 
would preserve all the memorials referred to» and yet give 
them unity and a readable form. 

He had no m'kterials, for the private or interior life of Mr 
Case» furnished him by his immediate friends, or any permis- 
sion to write such a life, — a publication which was, by many, 
thought desirable. That is*a field yet open to any one who 
has the means of cultivating it. He has in no wise forestalled 
such a project ; but humbly imagines he may have put valu- 
able materials within the reach of the biographer. As a 
public man, Mr. Case was the property of the community, and 
for taking the liberty of contemplating his public career, the 
author makes no apology. He has said nought but good of 
him ; and he thinks that the presentation of the example of his 
many public virtues, and those of his cotemporaries, is an act 
good in itself, and adapted to have a beneficial influence on all 
who contemplate those examples. 

Although this book is called the Itinerant's Memorial, it is 
not restricted to them alone, but it preiderves recollections of 
many others beside: such as local preachers, other officials, and 
private members of the church also, so far aa they connected 
themselves with the plan of the work, and materials were 
found for the purpose. 

The book, it is confessed, does not fall under any existing 
literary category. It bears some resemblance in plan to ** Lady 
Huntino;ton and her Friends^" but it is not strictly the same 




in fonn. If a model was adopted at all, it was Herodotus, "the 
story-teller of antiquity," who makes The Persian War 
OF Invasion the pi^ot on which all his soenes in ancient 
history are made to turn in his camera. This method, he 
thought^ would suit the misoellaneous and fragmentary char- 
acter of the matoriAls he designs to preserve. Mr. Case is 
made the ceutral figure, and the others subordinate ones in 
the group. liike Herodotus, he has divided his work into 
Books, not Chapters, and has numbered the paragraphs 
for coQVcnienoe of reference. Like the Story Teller's, some 
of his epiBodes are rather long, especially in the *^ retrospec- 
tive'' part, but in neither case could it be helped. 

Although this publication was long revolved in mind, it has 
been hastily written, and that, too, in the midst of multiplied 
other engagements — domestic, pastoral, and connexional. 

The largest second half of this first volume has been writ- 
ten since the first half began to be printed. This, besides 
producing hurry, has, perhaps, led to some repetitions. 

The author expects both his style and taste to be severely 
criticised. Punctillious people will censure him for not 
applying the title Reverend more to his ministerial subjects, 
but his own opinion is, that the frequent recurrence of little 
common-place prefixes mar the grand simplicity of such heroic 
characters, besides every one will know that they were minis- 
ters, without bandying the title Rev. in every sentence. He 
allowed himself to be overruled by his Editor and Publisher 
in prefixing; '<Bev. William '^ to Case and his CotemporRries, 




which does not suit his ideas of simplicity, bat the average 
judgment of readers will decide between them: Canada has had 
no Case ia anywise likely to be confounded with Wm,, Case. 

It will be said that he has descended too often to trivial 
matters, and has related them in a style too familiar, or that 
such things should have been preserved alone in notes. His 
answer is, (1), he has not aspired to the dignity of history ; 
(2), that the incidents referred to were necessary to a just 
portraiture of the times of which he has written ; (3), and 
if necessary to be preserved at all, they might as well appear in 
the text as anywhere else, or even better. Notes call off the 
attention ; and^ where they reCur often, which in this book 
they must have done, tease the readef s mind. 

One other objection will be but too justly, made — the style is 
more parenthetical than it should be in order to easy reading. 
This is largely characteristic of the author at all times, who 
early acquired the habit of crowding what he wrote about into 
a small space ; but it arose especially from l^e brevity he 
aimed at in this work, joined to the multifarious items he had 
to preserve, some of which came to light after a paragraph, or 
sentence, was written, and had to be thrust in somehow. 
Had he possessed all the materials it now contains at the 
beginning, it might have been, written more flowingly ; or il 
he had now time to re-write it, this characteristic might b€ 
secured. This is not nov possible; and he will never be 
paid for the druigery he. has already performed, without 
taking on him that additional labor. 




The ascetical will say the book is not religions enongh, and 
that the writer Bhoold have moralized more, but as he has 
furnished the data, he thinks the reader will be lead to mor- 
alize for himself. Others of an opposite character may think 
the records of such humble labors unworthy of preservation. 
Let such listen to the poet's indignant protest :«- 

<' While heroes claim the palm, and poets sing 
The sapient statesman and the patriot king ; 
While beauty, genius, wit, by turns demand 
The sculptor's labor and the painter's hand ; 
While wondering crowds loud acclamations raise. 
And earth reverberates with the favorite's praise j 
Shall nobler Christians, in a Christian age. 
Have no memorial in affection's page ? 
Shall ceaseless vigils, persecution, strife. 
The sacrifice of ease, of health, of life ; 
Have no distinction grateful ? no record ? 
Yea I valiant champions of a heavenly Lord, 
As long as patience, resignation, love, 
Are prized by saints below and saints above, 
Te sufferers meek I who pain and scofi& defied^ 
Who warned and wept, endured and died, 
Ye shall be honored 1" 

To honor such men has been the author's design in the 
following pages. How far Ids manner of treating the sub- 
Teot has cotitributed to that worthy object he must leave to 
the public and posterity to say. 

Of one other feature of this work the reader must be 
apprised before he enters on its perusal. The author has 
several times quoted himself, verhatim; or, rather, reproduced 
portions of Past and Present, as well as parts of miscel- 




laneoiis axtielee in various periodicals. His justification is 
tliis : they wore originally his own, and he gave up the pro- 
ject of what was likely to be a paying edition of his former 
work, that some of the more sightly stcmes of the first struc- 
ture might be brought into the new edifice. 

The Analytical Index which follows will furnish the 
clue for tracing any particular person who may chance to 
be a special object of interest and inquiry to any one that 
consults the book. By this means a couBecutive memoir 
may be compiled of any one of the Itinerants. This first 
volume ends with the year 1815 ; the second will come down 
to 1855. 

The author, in conclusion, wishes to record his sense oi 
obligation to the painstaking oversight of the Eev. Dr. Wood, 
who has kindly acted as Editor of the publication, while its 
pages have been passing through the press, bv whose wise 
suggestions some blemishes have been avoided* 

Gtidph, March 1867. 




w V^WW^^'VS/>/N^>/>/VN/V^^/WWVVS 




1. Time and place of Case's birth. 2. His father likely a 
small farmer. 3. William most likely staid in New 
England till he received his schooling 1 

4. Mr. Case's father removed his family from Massachusetts 
to Chatham, N. Y. 5. Where William's arrival at 
manhood found him 2 

6. The American Republic had existed twenty years. 7. 
Pioneers spreading westward. 8. Ten thousand loyal- 
ists seeking homes in Canada, and how they went 3 

9. The religious needs of the new settlers 4 

10. God provides for them. 11. Plantation of Methodism 
in America in 1766; by the Hecks and Embury in 
New York, and by Strawbridge in Maryland. 12. In- 
dependence of the U. S. in 1783, and the organiza- 
tion of the M. K Church the next yeai 5 

13. Garrettson and his northern evangelists in 1790. Dun- 
ham. 14. Local preachers and private members pre- 
pare the way in new settlements. Tuffy — the Hecks- 
Emburys and John Lawrence— Col. Neal— Lyons— 
McCarty. 15. Losee's " ranging at large "—Joshua 
Losee and Jos. Brouse converted — He finds the Pala- 
tines at the Big Creek. Other Protestant ministers... 8 





16. Losee regularly appointed the memorable year of Wes- 
ley's death. 17. Methodism coincidently introduced 
into the Lake country in N. Y 9 

18 Case's conversion and age 19. Enthusiasm and activ- 
ity of Methodism. Case pa3ses through the grades of 
ezhorter and local preacher in two jears. 20. Belig- 
ious state of the country to which he was about to 
repair 10 

,21. Losee's antecedents not known. One of Garrettson's 
pioneerd. 22. His age, size, manners, talents. 23. 
Result of first year's labors 11 

24 Name of Circuit -Reports five classes 25. Next year, 
D Dunham appointed, Indian names of circuits. 345 
members. 26. Disappearance of preachers and circuits 
from the Minutes in 1793-4 Dunham re-appears. 
Losee never. Cause, love affair. Useful locally 12 

27- Dunham and his local helpers — Roblin, German, and 
the Steels. Names of circuits changed Three preach- 
ers in 1794-5— Dunham, Coleman, Woolsey. Three 
circuits next year, and four preachers. Keeler, Wool- 
sey removed, an,d S. Coateand TalvinWooster arrive. 
Stations omitted for 1797. But 795 members. Woos- 
ter stays, and has a great revival. In 1 798, goes home 
to die. MichaelCoate— Decrease- Jewell, Elder. Next 
year, Dunham locates. Keeler, Sawyer, Anson, Herron, 
Pickett. Five circuits - Draper, Crowell, Aikens, Rob- 
inson, Morris, Madden, Vaanest, Bangs, Tomkins, Six- 
teen Hundred — Howe and Bishop— Numbers 14 

29 Joyful event—- Coate^Rutcr.......... .« «.... 16 







1. Oonference in Asgrove — Methodized by the Palatines « 

Entertains 398 preacher^ 17 

2. Received on trial with five others, one of whom is Robert 

Perry. 3 No preacher sent out of the Union 
without his consent— Case volnnteers~His feelings 

in the forest of Black River 18 

4, Progress of the work and numbers. 5. Names of eight 

circuits, and nine laborers 19 

6. Coate's parentage, previous labors, remarkable talents, 

success and beauty of person — " The handsome pair" 

— Talents for writing 20 

7. Next in seniority — Keeler's small beginning and pro- 

gress — Voice. 8. Propable cause of retiring for a 
time — ^When received again— Extent of Oswegotchie 

in 1802— Niagara and Long Point 21 

9. Causes of his long absence from his family, and their 

great trials 22 

10. Two brethren of equal years— Ryan, Celtic, boxer, size, 

appearance, strength 23 

11. Where a local preacher— Spicer's incident. 12. Energy 

of character had won him fame— Another reason for 

being sent to Canada 24 

13* Where the previous five years bad been spent. Hed- 

ding's testimony— His circuit 25 

14. Daniel Pickett— When received and where he had la- 

borrd. The writer's remembrance 26 

15. Subjects in pairs — Two three-years* men— Bangs and 

Madden. 16. Nathan Bangs' birth-place and early 
history. Started for the wilds of Canada, May, 1799. 





Journey— Ox-sled -- Buffalo — Private library— Bev. 
Jas. Coleman — Sawyer- Christian Warner — Conver- 
sion — Travels with Sawyer— Jewell sends him to 
Long Point^Hemmed in 2t 

17. Daring the jear 1801-2, in the " Bay of Quinte and Home 

District.'' Kext year on same ground— Change of 
Colleagues— Conference in New York — Ordained 
Elder for "Missionary work" indeed— " River La 
French ''— Boute in getting there— Padding and milk 
— Moravian missionaries .« 29 

18. First house in the settlement^Coloquy — Reception.... 30 

19. Full house — Short history — Programme of worship — 

Conformity and desire to hear " more of such preach- 
ing." 20. Appointments sent on->Sandwich>-De- 
troit — Madden— Character of Settlers 81 

21. A destitute place — Left at the end of three months— Ni- 
agara Circuit, and Rev. Daniel Pickett. 22. Mad- 
den, coeval of the last — Antecedents— Smith's Creek 32 

23. A pair of laborers — Pearse and Bishop. 24. Gershom 
Pearse — Probable place of nativity — Previous labors 
—^Character and calibre * 33 

25. Luther Bishop began in Canada circuits — Traditional 
recollections. 26. Robert Perry, last of Case's nine 
compeers — Characteristics - The Perrys 34 

£7. Those in a located sphere — Character and influence of 

the class— Dunham and Robinson 35 

M. Darius Dunham- Brought up to the study of physic- 
On trial in 1 788 — First labors — Common way of ap- 
pointing—offers for Canada— The man — Practical 
supervision seven years — Settled near Napanee 36 

29. Good talents — " Scolding Dunham " - Wit— Cleanliness 
— " I don't care if I do " — " The new made squire "— 
Fallen Lutheran 37 

30* Dunham distinguished for fidelity — The " possessed '' — 

Wm. Ross 38 

31. The crying child cured 39 

32. Providential escape, and persecutor converted. 33. His 



INDEX. xni 


three subordinates while in office— Coleman, Woolsey, 

Wooster « 40 

34. James Coleman, birth and parentage. Monongahela — Ig- 
norance—Methodist ministry at the close of the Rev- 
olution — Superficial change. 35. Sad effects of 
suprolapsarian views— Sickness and restoration — ^Ex- 
horter— Drafted — Refuses to serve 41 

36. Becomes an itinerant — First circuits — In 1794, sent 

to Canada^Enters with Woolsey and a young Ca- 
nadian — Wilderness journey — Upper Canada " Upper 
circuit" — Oswegotchie and Niagara— A night in the 
woods with James Gage — ^Native land 42 

37. Character of him in the Minutes. 38. Labors in N. Y. 

Conference till '24— Visit to Canada in '31—'* Never 

a great preacher." 43 

39. Summary of his character— Death, 40. [Elijah Woolsey 
— What remembered of him— Mrs. Wright — " out and 
at them."?. 44 

41. Keeler's assistant on the Lower circuit —Whence did 

he come ?— Whither did he go ?— To what status did 

he arrive ? 46 

42. Disappointment — Widow — Died between '48 and '62— 

Dr. Reed's testimony. 43. Married — Presiding Elder 
—Steadfast. 44. Another of Dunham's subordinates. 
45. [Calvin Wooster — Natural birth — Spiritual birth 
— Sanctification 46 

46. What Dr. Steven's says of him — Dr. Bang's account of 

Wooster, Dunham, and the* witd-fire " — Revival.... 47 

47. Piety and devotion — Habits— Power 48 

48. Glimpse of his homewaid journey — Dow 49 

49. Character in the Minutes — His father's account of his 

death 60 

60. Consolation to parents—'* Saw ye not the wheels of fire," 
61. Must preserve the memory of another holy man 

— Biogiaphy in the Minutes 61 

62. [Michael Coate— Time and place of birth— Quaker 



xnr iNDsx. 


parentagre— Converted and an ezhorter in one nights- 
Admittance on trial— Oomplies with Samuel's solici- 
tation—Niagara — Change— Circuits in the States- 
Carriage 52 

63. Last meeting and text. 64. Illness— Conflicts— Tri- 
umphant death 53 

65. Less eloquent than his Brother— BoBhm's recollections 

66. John Eobinson— True spelling 54 

'67. Bom in the hot-bed of Methodism, and baptized by 
Whitfield — Conversion— early labors— Suspension— - 
Resumption — ^Delaware Circuit from the pen of Dr 
Peck. 58. First appearance in Canada— Extremes^ 
Appointed Presiding Elder 65 

59. Desists irregularly — District neglected— Wife and 
father-in-law. 60. Early years of location useful— De- 
scendants' testimony. 61. Eccentric efforts — Death 
— " Pleasing assurance " — Descendants respectable... 56 

62. I Joseph Jewell, B's superior morally and officially— How 
we connect him with Case. 63, Pennsylvania — 
Boehm's chapel, and others raised up there— Prior 
work — Jewell and Wyoming — Made Elder for Canada 
— "Not go, butcomel" 6t 

64. Betum to the Philadelphia Conference — ^Bev. J Hughs' 

|K;count — Passage from Dow — Betirement from the 
work 68 

65. Two or three young men to be mentioned with Jewell. 

66. [[Samuel Draper— On trial in 1801, Bay of Quinte 
— Never under Robinson — ^Returned to N. Y. Confer- 
ence — ^Presiding Elder two terms— Died well-Un- 

meritted stigma td 

67 [[Seth Crowell, cotemporary with Robinson-Antecedents 

A night in the woods of Murray — Pillar 60 

68. Ban iS' testimony— Labors in the States 61 

69. Estimate of his character and talents — Death. 70. 

[[James Aikins, another cotemporary of Jewell— Irish 
— Emigration — Conversion— Call — Labors — Sickness 62 
71 Resignation and happiness in death 63 



niDix. z^ 


72. [[William Anson, cotemporary with both Jewell and 
Robinson—- Nativity — Canada labors— Bemoval. 73. 
Vergennes Circnii—- Preaching duel ^ ...... 64 

74. In 1804j back in the Home District — Father Van Nor- 

man's remembrance. 74. Went ont as Case entered— 
Pitsfield— P. E. of Ashgrove District^ Other charges. 66 

75. Supemnmerary in 1823~Garrison duty— Companions in 

arms — Death — Character. 76. [[Caleb Morris, Robin- 
son's colleague on the Ottawa— Reasons for breyity— 

Location...... 66 

77. [[James Herron, Jewell's assistant on Oswegotchie— • 

Where the previous year 67 

76. Dim impression of what said of him. 79. Retoms to 

Philadelphia Conference Circuit P. £. one year — 
Located 1841. 80. Evidently a man of good standing. 
81. [Bamuel Howe, another of R.'s direct cotempora- 
ries — Gleaned no reminiscences — ^Adopt obituary. 68 

82. Birth— Emigration — Led to Christ — Received on trial, 

and sent to Niagara and Long Point— Deacon-- Ot- 
tawa Circuits Went as Case came— Circuits in the 
States — ^Superannuation 69 

83. Never went into business, but labored still, 84. Twelve 

years before his death made perfect in love. 86. 
Sudden and remarkably happy death 70 

86. Another young man who came in the year of R.'s presid- 
ing eldership, and went out as Case came in. 87. 
[Reuben Harris's birtb-^onversion and union with the 
Church— Decided Methodist — License to preach—- 
Volunteers for Canada — Return in 1806 71 

88. Various appointments — Superannuated. 89. A journey 
in which he died. 90. A peculiar miental constitu- 
tion, but uniformly pious. 72 

91. [Peter Vannest, one cf the most reliable of Robinson's 
corps 92. Place and time of birth — Resides in Phil- | 
adelphia— Awakened— "Afraid the Devil will take 
him away bodily." 93. Re-awakened in Bristol, Eng. 
—Mr Warwick— Pari of a night in prayer 73 





94. Found peace— Richard Bandy's class^Made a local 
preacher by Bev. H. Moore— Received on trial in 
Philadelphia Conference. 95. Succeeds Mr. Goate at 
Middletown, Croton, Whitingham, Fletcher, EsseZy 
New London— Parts in Canada— Great Success. 96, 
Adventures on the Missisquoi 74 

97. Appointed to Canada — ^An acquisition to the work- 
Decided character. 98. Strong prejudices — Converted 
to Methodism — Often called his brethren back to 
Wesley, whom his " eyes had seen and his hands had 
handled " 76 

99. Perils in the woods between Bastard and Rideau — 

Meets an Indian 76 

100, Twenty miles without a house— His colleague's fright. 
101. Adventures in the Bay of Quinte Circuit— << Mo- 
hawk Woods," : 77 

102. Bad ice and deep snow. 103. Journeying on bad 
ice. 104. Niagara Circuit and Samuel Howe— No Pre- 
siding Elder— Quarterly meeting 78 

105. The genteel man's request — ^Yannest reads his hearts 
He and seven brothers converted, 106. Peter a prim- 
itive looking man — ^Young Bailey's extra row of 
buttons 79 

107. Glad to tell Canadians what became of him — Holland 

purchase — ^District— Old associates — Camp-meeting 
with Case 80 

108. Superannuated and resided in Pemberton — His walk 

and conversation 81 

109. Attacked with paralysis and died in triumph. 110. 

Nehemiah U. Timkins — ^Passing Notice — One year 
cotemporary with R. — Removed and located 82 

111. [Samuel Merwin, afterwards distinguished — One year in 

Montreal — Unsuccessful attempt in Quebec — ^Wenton 

in the work forty years.. 83 

112. Early impressions— Brought into liberty— Preaching be- 

fore twenty, 113. Eminent in New York, New Eng- 





landyBaltimoro and Philadelphia Conferences— Noble 84 
1 14. One more, who can come in no other place. 115. [Mar- 
tin Ruter, D.D. — Birth, parentage, early impressions, 
forgiveness, chnrch-membership and companionship 
with Broadhead « 85 

116. On trial at sixteen — ^Three circuits — ^Montreal — ^Lad of 

twenty in Elder's orders — Boston Delegate — Presiding 
Elder — ^President of Wesleyan academy, M.A. — ^Book 
agent — ^Transylvania University, D. D. — Mission to 
Texas 86 

117. Labors, sufferings, death. 87 

118. Dr, B. no ordinary man — Domestic character. 119. 

One other in the located ranks. 120. George Keal— 
Southern colonies or Irish— Loyalist — Major-Dangers 
—Promise— Hope Hull — ^Visionary call. British pro- 
clivities and Canada 88 

121. Instrument of conversions — Rev. G. Ferguson and 

Christian Warner — After interviews.... 89 

122. Long a bachelor— Rev. R. Corson's testimony 90 

123. The stage of Canadian Methodist history here closing — 

Incidents recorded by Bangs. 124. Itinerant adventures 

— Journey with Jewell — Little York and Yonge St... 91 

125. Visiting from house to house — Rudeness 92 

126. Frontier life anecdote — Graphic description by Dr. 

Stevens — ^Beneiah Brown 93 

127. The «' Devil's Musician" burning his fiddle 95 

128. A providential escape from drunken rowdies, who 

catch a Tartar 96 

129. A night at an Indian fur-traders' dance— Colloquy with 

an Indian chief 98 

130. A drunkard pacified, and danger escaped 101 

131. An epidemic in the Bay of Quinte settlements, and dan- 

gerous illness of Mr. Bangs 1O2 

132. Drinking water cures the fever ! IO3 

133. Seven weeks in bed, and throe months inability to 

preach — ^Premature efforts produce a " double voice" 

— ^Little sympathy in such cases 104 

134. A night in the "Long Woods." lOG 






1. Extent of t&e Upper Canada Districtat tbat time 108 

2. Severn Circuit^Ottawa— Oswegotchie— Long Point 

—Niagara — Smith's Creek — Yonge Street — Bty 

6f Quinte— Methodist families 109 

3. Case " took " among the young Preaching in £^ngston 

Market— Annoyances , 1X2 

4. The first Camp-meeting for Canada, held on Mr. Case's 

Circuit — Bangs' account. » 113 

5. Great interval beforehand — Processions — Bangs and 

fellow.trayellers — Opening — Powerful services 114 

6. Sabbath — Lord's Supper — Young Ladies' and Maniac^'s 

con versions ....» 116 

iT. CoDclusion^Affecting scenes* General revival following 117 

8. No data for particulars on other Circuits— General in- 
crease — Three-ifourths on Mr. C.'s Circuit. 9. Confer- 
ence at the beginning of next Conference year in 
N. Y. — ^Work divided into two districts — Coate in 
special charge of Montreal — ^Two Circuits beside hi 
the Lower Canada district 118 

10. Case and his brethren — New Presiding Elder, 11. Jo- 
seph Sawyer, where and when bom — When received 
on trial, and what Circuits, and with whom he 
had travelled^ Appointed to Canada proper — Some 
^arts in L. C. — ^Dow — Scotch lad their champion 119 

12, First appointment to Upper Canada — Seals—Bangs — 

Praying Compact 120 

13. Another year in the Circuit with Crowell — In 1802, at 

the head of two noble colleagues— Visited Montreal 

•nd finds the Maginisses 122 





14. Escapes a clerical caning. 15. His name stands for Bay of 
Qmnte a second year, with tlie change of Yannest for 
Madden — Two years out of the Prorince — ^Tom Paine. 
16. Thought worthy of the Upper Canada District in 
1806-7 — Thirty.five years old, and niue in the itiner- 
ancy — Marries ~ 123 

17. Appearance and manners theu. 18. Talents — ^Electric- 

ity — ^Broken-leg 124 

19. Faithful lahors and caravan-style of trayelling. 20. 
Change of preachers— Bangs' marriage — St. Lawrence 
Circuit, not in Canada « .m. 125 

21. Why Keeler there — Byan and Pickett— Case's removal 

to Oswegotchie with Pearse — The Hecks within its 

bounds, of whom what 126 

22. Win. Halleck—" Priest Brown"— D. Brackenridge 127 

23. Lay celebrities— Paul Glasford, Esquire 128 

24. Alexander Rose's (Esq.) eventful early history » ... 129 

25. His senior brother John — His descendants. 26. An in« 

cident characteristic of Case and Pearse 130 

27. Perry's removal to Niagara — Allegorical preaching with 
Hugh Wilson's judgment of it. 23. Whitehead's 
name appears for the first time — Birth — Conversion 
— ^Labors about N. Y. and Albany — Missionary in No- 
va Scotia — Under the Presiding Eldership of Blacks 
Marriage — Applies to the N. Y. Conference in 1806 
— Sawyer intercedes for him — Appointed to Canada, 
whither he goes with his family of six children in an 

open boat — Boiled wheat — St. David's 131 

29. Large and matured — ^Powers and characteristics. 30. 
Lower Canada District — Coate — Bangs^Prindle — 
Snyder. 31. Prindle's birth — " No schools and no 
books "—Union with the Methodist Church — Niagara 
Circuit — Age and experience— Future course and 

characteristics 133 

32. Snyder,, sort of colleague to P. — Boving commission — 
Acquired French — Conversion- Desire to be useful 





to the French Canadians. 33. Dr. Bangs* account 

of his labors and foilure of success , 134 

34. The remaining laborer's appointment, labors, and their 

. results in his own words— Bangs I35 

35. Bangs in Quebec— Encouraging signs— Jacob Heck and 

Peter Langlois X36 

36. Decline of congregation, and pecuniary straits. 37. 

Holding on to his post, is forced to borrow money 

Help in necessity ,„^. I37 

38. At the end of three months passes up the river to Mon- 

treal, and succeeded by Coate— What he has achieved 138 

39. Cheerinf auspices— Success— Excess of expenditure- 

Inference as to fellow-laborers. 40. Two other places 

in L. C. — ^Dunham connected with Fletcher Two 

preachers, one a former Canadian laborer, Beuben 

Harris — Henry Evans in Elder's orders 139 

41, Stanstead connected with the same Conference (N. Y.) 
but a different District — Supplied by Philip Ayer, of 
whom nothing known. 42. Numerical results of 
the year — Total numerical strength of Methodism in 
Canada at the close of Mr. Case's sojourn — ^Probable 
number of meeting-houses 140 







1. Conference of 1807 at Coeyman's Patent— Case went to 

be received into full connection— Enjoyment— Be- 
quest — Disappointment — Catskill Mountains, and 
Elias Vanderlip 141 

2. An assistant who is to have a tragic or heroic end- 

Case's words. 3. Mrs. Covell and her two preaching 

sons , « 142 

4. Boon — Mountain air and spring water. 6. An interest- 
ing queition. 6. The distribution of the Canada work 

and labors for the ensuing Conference year 143 

7. How Dunham and Stanstead stood connected, and why. 
8. Changes and adjustment of appointments by Pre- 
siding Elders— Bangs countermanded from Niagara to 
Montreal — A perilous voyage with the French Mis* 

sionary , ^ , 144 

9. Surmises about Snyder's designation. 10. Long Point 
merged in ISTiagara Circuit, and a Presiding E14er'B 
supply probably employed to insist Whitehea4 and 
Holmes. 11. Madden, whose name appears for Hon* 
treal, we learn from Mr. Langlois' journal, sent to 
Quebec — Mr. L. joined under Madden 145 

12. Ninian Holmes, a new name — ^Irish descent, bom in 
N. Y. — Probably converted and called into the work 
in Elizabethtown. 13. EEis personal — Pretty well 
educated — Temperament and talents — ^Traced him — 
Ottawa, Augusta, and Prince Edward— Equestrian 
evangelists — Demonstration », 148 

14. Five other new names : Pattie, Smith, Hulbert, Cochran, 
Walker 16. Where Pattie bom, brought up and 





conrerted, not known— Received on trial in 1807 — 
What became of him, from traditional sources — Kil- 
ling the devil "so tet as a nit/' 1 6. J. B. Smith, a man 
of mark, married Mr. Ryan's daughter — ^Person, voice 
— Native logician — Great with the Canadians 147 

17. Smith courageously and successfully defending himself 

in a court of law — Legal prosecution of Sawyer and 

I Ryan. 18. Smith good as well as great— Ferguson's 

f r^erence, 19. Of Cephas Hulbert, a meagre account 

— Colleague of Smith and Pickett — Oswegotchie 

Register 148 

20. Samuel Cochran—Three Circuits before — Reliable- 
Circuit only constructively Canadian. 21. Stan- 
stead served by Levi Walker— Received on trial 
in the K. E. Conference the same year Case was 
received in the N. Y. — Good circuits, but located 
early— Don't know that he ever returned 149 

22. Dunham, connected with Rhinebec District, and sup- 
plied by our old friend Pearse— His success— Fare- 
well to Pearse. 23. Early close of Conference year- 
Saturday in NY.— Short, but not barren of results — 
Increase and total. 24. The country about to lose 
one of its ablest ministers forever — ^Bangs preparing 
to leave. 25. Visits his wife's home, and thence to 
Delaware Co , N. Y.— A journey of two months 160 

26. Attends the N. Y, Conference— Style in which they 
travelled to the General Conference. 27. Baltimore 
Methodism — ^Forms an acquaintance with the great 
lights — ^Their names 161 

28. Dr. Luckey's estimate of his talents— 29. Author heard 
him sixtiben years later. 29. Appointed to Delaware 
among his friends. 30. This year characterised by 
the establishment of the Canadian Couron^- An ap- 
prentice in that office destined to be good and useful 
—The now venerable S. M.— Literary obligations of 
Canada to Methodist preachers - .• 162 







^ . The Provinceg lost their Bangs, but gained their Case. 

2. The stations for 1808 154 

3. Mias Luther Bishop, year before on Bay of Quinte — 
" The great and small " — Now sent to Black 
Rirer— Falls within the Genesee in 1810— West- 
moreland — Herkimer — Mexico — Location— Case his 
P. E. 4. Quebec at the head of the Canadian work 
— Cochran — Increase— Band meetings — Langlois be- 
gins to study English — Coates' child receives a 
name « 166 

5. Madden sent to Montreal indeed — Increase— Probably 
helps Snyder. 6. New name on Cornwall — Remem- 
brances of Snow 26 years after — Squire McDmoilsand 
James Froom .« 156 

7. Snow's preaching variable — Hard time — "Snow in , 

summer" — Delaware Circuit the year before 167 

8. Authority— Old George Cain's wife and the woods of 

Marmora. 9. Cornwall first a Circuit — Augusta haa 
preserved its name till our own time — Chandly Lam- 
bert—His character — Increase. 10. Yet another new 
name — P.'s assistant — No foreign importation — Way 
of preaching— Afterwards " Bishop " — More of him. 158 
11. Case and Ancaster — Head of the circuit —r Peter 
Bowman— U. E.'s of Dutch descent — First class-* 
Ann Smith— Other members»A shouting Methodist 
— " Butler's Rangers " — American preachers startled 
— Next society — Richard Springier — Other names — 
Bowslaugh and Cline — A glorious idea quaintly ex- 
pressed.... 169 





1 2. Case chose to retnm— << Swimming around tne embargo '* 
— How. 13. Want of fuller information regretted — 
Extent of the circuit— Leading Laymen 162 

14. Things in tliat circuit adapted to awaken sympathy for 
the Indians — Missisaugas and " Six Nations '' — 
A brother itinerant. 15. Burlington Bay— Curious 
traditions — Col. Brant — Human bones 164 

16. Indian account— Mohawk and Chippeway versions re- 
spectively—John Sunday. 17. Turn to Case's co-ad- % 
jutors— Dunham— Conference obituary , 166 

18. Oliver Sikes— Birth — Pardon— Itinerancy — Superannu- 

ation—Good preacher — Bachelor— Bequeathed his 
property to missions....^ 166 

19. Charles Virgin and the Stansteai Circuit— To become a 

P. B.— Obituary. 20. Birth— Converted in boyhood— 
A preacher at twenty— N. E Conference — ^P. E.— 
Member of two General Conferences — Character 
—Last appointment— Residence after superannua- 
tion-Last sickness short and triumphant — ^A virgin 
Boul 167 

21. Increase and total membership for 1808-9. 22. Another 
year included in this Fifth Book. 23. How long C. 
• had now travelled — Ordained Elder before — Not 
known that he went to Conference in the city of N.Y., 
May 10th, 1809— Thinks he saved his time and money. 
24. Stations for 1899-10— Marries...... 168 

26. Circuits in true geographical order from east to west- 
Two on the list for the first time— Playter's account 
of Three Rivers— More anon of Samson 169 

26. The state of the Case with regard to Detroit. 27. J. B. 
Smith, colleague of Bangs, in the Albany Circuit. 
28. Cochran gone forever— Conference obituary—- 
Bom, 1778 — Converted, 1800 — Commenced holding 
meetings in 1802— circuits— Presiding Elder — Suc- 
cessful — ^' Literally wore himself out and died '' 170 

29« Hiss Snvder's name— Probable reason for discontinu- 
anc^^Montal 'aberration— Ruling passion— Mrs. J. 





Anlt. 30. Find six new names, each of whom sain- 
ted. 31. George McCracken and Qaebec — ^An Elder 
—Three years* standing — Previous circuits — ^Not men- 
tioned byLanglois 172 

32. Joseph SamsoD, (or Sanson,) French — Baltimore 

— Proyious circuits — Not at the session of 1809— 
Probable cause — Ordination — Boehm's account- 
Frenchman's blunder — A misnomer — ^Fate anticipated 1 73 

33. Joseph Scull and Montreal — Where he began and where 

he had been — No augmentation in numbers, but go- 
ing up. 34. Coate— P. E — Over four circuits — What 
he was about shown by letters •• 174 

^6. Date and address— Breaks a blood-vessel — Visits States, 
and attends four camj^-meetings, and preaches with 
great power and effect — ^Fifty awakened under one 
sermon— Referred to the general work — Chapel com- 
pleted in Montreal — One projected in Quebec 175 

Z6, Family's health — ^Death of a little son — Salutations. 
37. Letter confirms former statements— What Mon- 
treal Methodists should remember — ^No disturbance 
yetto the oneness of Methodism 176 

38. Madden and Ottawa—Seven years itinerancy — Single- 
Marriage — ^Dr. Brakenridge's daughter — ^Log house 
and attio dormitory— The Hyatts, and the writer's 
experience. 39. The young couple's gentility dis- 
tasteful to some — ^Hyatt an exhorter — ^Advanced and 
removed to the Eastern Townships 177 

40. Joseph Lockwood, the only new laborer in U. G. — Long 
Island, Middletown and Hartford celebrities — ^Edu- 
cated and argumentative— His wife a Palatine. 41. 
Hurry through the circuits of IT. C. DistL 178 

42. John Keynolds' first circuit the Tonge Street — ^Labors 

and experience among the Quakers — A sharp trial 

and a pleasant surprise— Fifty increase 179 

43. Niagara, Ancaster and Long Point Circuits — ^No pro- 

gress on the older circuits, but case sent to re-oc- 
cupy the Thames country. 44. A letter from his 





own handBpeaks for this year's labors. 45. Addressed 

to Bishop Asbury — Date — ^Reason 180 

46. Journey from Ancaster to Detroit 47. His fears and 
distress. 48 Encouraged by a dream— Settlements. 
49. Account of them 181 

60. Wickedness — MinistratioDS of Roman Catholics and 
Church — Amusements — Drunkenness — Motley mix- 
ture. 51. Only one friend — Life in danger — Conduct 
of magistrates — Humbled — Pled to God — Zeal aroused 
Preached alarmiugly. 182 

52. Some who *• waited for the consolation of Israel " — Be- 

gan to trim their lamps under Bangs, but they had 
gone out — ^First sermon and general weeping — How 
affected 183 

53. Tkey mourned and he rejoiced. 54. Regular plan, but 

extra labor in the more promising places-^Family 
deyoti<m. 65. Same effects as r^viyals elsewhere— 
Cries for mercy everywhere. ^ 184 

66. Formation of Societies, and strict observance of rule — 
Thirteen at first. 67. Did not visit Detroit till Sep- 
tember. 58. The Governor and council-house— <Some 
tinder awakening, but no Society 18j5 

69. Gradual revival on the river — Small Society in Maiden, 
and two in the New Settlements — 78 members and 40 
praying families — Some of the young very clear in 
experience. 60. Work spreadin^y when he left— Few 
oases of catalepsy — ^Believing under the'first sermon. 186 

61. Circuit comprised twelve appointments, which em«- 
braced 240 miles travel — ^Asked for two preachers, 

whom the people would pay. 62. Paid his way 

Left $10 on the circuit, and took something to Con- 
ference. 63, The work required stable and faithful 
men — Roman Catholicism. 64. Religious considera- 
tions — How he had felt— Triumph over weariness.... 187 

65. Nominates a Bro. H., (probably Holmes,) his successor, 

but willing to return ]88 

66. Estimate of the revival— Met with fruits of it in 1848-&— 





Two deceased worthies — Obitnaries, by Bev. Mr. 
Cleworth — Joseph Wigle's last sickness. 67. Joseph 
Malott — Character — ^Labors — ^Painful disease — Tri- 
Timphant death 189 

68. Case justified the Bishop's maxim — Something for our 

present preachers to think of 190 

69. The two isolated circuits in the Eastern Townships, 

Dunham and Stao stead, have severally Whiting and 
Btreeter— Questions hard to answer — Increase on both 
circuits — Nothing satisfiEUitorily known of them after 
they left 191 

70. Nctt gain, exclusive of D. and S. Total on Canadian 

soil— End of Case's second sojonm 19^ 







1. Period comprised— New distribution of the Canada work, 
and a new Annual Conference — ^Its name. 2. Rea- 
sons for its organization, from the pen of the Rev. 
Dr. Peck 103 

3. The measure criticised, and pronounced harsh and 
tyrannical. 4. Where and when it assembled — ^Bishop 
Asbury's brief notice. 5. These the men to evangel- 
ize a new country — Portrayed by a poet's pen — Bom- 
bast 194 

6. A peep behind the curtains— Two Bishops. 7. First rec- 
ords—Lower Canada Dist. — Remanded to N. T. 8. 
An old rule re-enacted to guard against indiscreet 
publications 196 

9. Doing it up strong — How it seems now. 10. This Con- 
ference not yet a 'finality — A committee report a 
justification of the measure 197 

11. Twelve received on trial — ^Two British subjects — ^Ten re- 

ceived into full connection, among whom were Free- 
man, Lockwood, and Reynolds — Six located, among 
whom two had labored in Canada — Hulbert and Saw- 
yer — Where settled — S. Coate located by N.Y. Confer- 
ence and settled in Montreal 198 

12. Appointments for Canada — Names and places 13. 

Lose sight of WcCracken, Snow, Lambert and Case. . 199 
14, Snow's labors till 1824 — Inferences. 15. Located from 
'24 to '31 — Resumed and travelled till '33, when su- 
perannuated — Look on the roll of East Genesee Con- 
ference. 16. Decline tracing Lambert through all 
his appointments — Official report 200 





17. Where born and eonverted-^oined Conference In 1808 

—Fell first into Oneida Conference, then into Black 
Eiyer— Fatigues and exposures — ^Trials of his latter 
days— Attached to M. KChnrch — Scmpnlons — Death 
— PitiM contemplation 201 

18. What of Case ?— Not dead nor disgraced — Asbury's dis- 

cernment-^Bachelors in Request — Caynga District- 
Its extent— Celebrities in his charge— Also three old 
Canadian friends — Bishop, Snow and Lambert. 19. 
The field vacated by Case — Lower Canada — ^Follow- 
ing Coate into retirement — Letter to Bey. Joseph 
Benson— Two items anticipated 203 

20. Place and date — ^Beferences to declining health, and ex- 

ercises of mind — Comparison 204 

21. Driven from the field by necessity — Admiration of the 

English system— Sighs for a place in their ranks. 22. 
Montreal chapel, St. Joseph Streets— Prospects of the 
Society — ^Visit to Upper Canada — His mother-in- 
law's death-bed : 205 

23. Messages to her children — Her death 206 

24. Peter Browse— Sickness in Quebec — Homeward journey 

— »Prayer-meeting. 25. Praying for the conversion of 
his sons — Two eldest converted — ^Aflfecting interview 
The first work of God in Canada broke out ia his 
house 207 

26. Diverging from the current of history to give some ac- 

count of him and bis family — Oswegotchie baptismal 
register — John, George, William, Michael, Frederick, 
Bachel and Betsy 208 

27. Taking final leave of Coate — In business with a grand- 

son of Embury — Mrs. Hilton's testimony — Mr. Scull 209 

28. Playter's statement, relative to Coate receiving orders in 

the Episcopal Church, denied by Mrs. Hilton. 29. 
Statement by the historian of Canadian Methodism 
relative to embarrassment, authorship, &c.*-His 

closing years a warning 210 

30 Copies of his celebrated work — Mrs. Hilton's account of 





his afllictiony and Dr Harrard's of the hope in his 
death — Gray 211 

31. New laborers — Mitchel — His antecedents. 32. Appoints 

Langlois leader — His history 212 

33. St. Francis a new circuit — How situated — ^Has a preacher 

new to the Province, R. Hibbard, who had labored 
with Case 213 

34. When and where bom — Removals - On trial in 1809^ 

In 1810 ordained, and volunteered for Canada. 35. 
His brethren's estimate of his talents bye and bye— 
An incident with Luckey in Hyatt's bam, on the 
Ottawa Circuit— A hero for all— Success 214 

6d, The border circuits — A formidable name — Timothy 
Minor — Recent information, and more anon. 37. 
David Eilbom, of whom more anon — Seventy-five in- 
crease. 38. Why Samson is Presiding Elder rather 
than Madden 215 

39. Upper Canada Dist. New names : Smith, Cooper, Co- 
venhoven, Fveeman and Gatchel 40. Pela Smith's 
previous history— Ordained when probation half ex- 
pired and sent to Cornwall— Baptized Sarah Heck — 
Honor accorded to him near the close of his term.... 216 

41. All further information of him will now be given. 42. 
Admittance and first circuit — Marriage— Ordination 
Subsequent circuits 43. Infirm health and superan- 
nuation. 44 Faithful and successful — His superan- 
nuated life 217 

45. Disease terminated in a cancerous affection — Strong 

Confidence 46. Death — ^idow — Religious children 218 

47. Edward Cooper — Irish — Boehm's remembrance — In- 
crease 48. Peter Covenhoven, or Conover— True 
name — How such changes come 219 

49. Original residence — Proclivities — Early farming — 
Mighty in prayer — Helps Case— On trial— Old Bay 
Circuit goes up in numbers — His superintendent. 
50 Daniel Freeman — Sources of information — Na- 
tivity — Early labors — Voice— Character, by Dr. 





Ryerson—Tall— Writer's gightof him— "Living well" , 220 

61. On trial in 1808— Two charges in Philadpfaia Conference 

— Marked Revival— Marr and the Fifty camp-meeting 22 1 

52. Double ordination — Italics 222 

53« Doable circuit— Recent information concerning 
Perry— Sixty-nine increase. 64. Joseph Gatchei— 
Native of U. S. Philadelphia Conference— Holland 
Purchase and Jas. Mitchel— Niagara with the gigan- 
tic Prindle — Gatchei physically dissimilar— Educa- 
tion — ^Voioe— Dramatic— Dr. Young 223 

55. Bangs' unmarried sister— Subsequent marriage — Her 
gifts supplemental to his—" Red hot lightning " 56. 
Changes of 1810-11 — ^Pattie to Augusta — Gananoque 
and Col. Stone— Hugely popular ^Fifty^lx souls. 
57. Lockwood to the charge of Yonge Street— Want 
of candles and coon hunting — Not so successful in 
« catching men " , 224 

68. Reynolds to Smith's Creek — Small increase— Perry to 
Long Point— Holmes succeeds Case. 59. Ryan ele- 
vated — Case at the end of five years, he at ten — Be- 
ginning of stirring events. 60, Rig' t man in the 
right place — Contrariaties of character—" Bub" and 
"Sis" 225 

61. Playlet's graphic description of his district 226 

62. Little numerical advancement— Apparent decrease — 

Uow to account for it — Total No. -in two Provinces... 227 

63. Close of the year signalized by Bishop Asbury's visit — 

Reasons for taking Boehm's account 64 References 
to a previous year. 65. The Bishop's belief— Ken- 
tucky entry 228 

66. Who laid the foundations of the work in C/anada during 
the previous twenty years. 67. Period selected by 
Asbury 68. Plan — Separation from McKendrie — 
Unusual spectacle, 69. Bela Smith is guide— Severe 
journey— Champlain — Platsburgh road 229 

7j. Chateaugy and Salmon Rivers— St Regis and its In- 
dians—Old churcli. 71. Accident retrieved. 72. 





Grofifling the St. Lawrence in romantic Btyle^Indian 

arith£etic-- Belerence to Hibbard's fete 285 

T3v Date of arrival ia Canada— Evan Boise, ** a shouting 
Methodist ". 74. Heat— Meet Ryan— Bkhop preach* 
Ing. 75. Lore-feast and Lcnrd's Snpper— Bailey's— 

Bide to Glassford's^Upset asi 

76. German settlement and Matilda chapel— Bishop's de* 
light with the people — ^Father Dulmage and Samuel 
Heck. 77. Tarry with Sqnire Brackenridge— Mar- 
riages^ baptisms and funerals— Mrs. Heck's inneral 
sermon • 332 

78. Twelve miles' ride before breakfast— Brother Boyce's 
and Elizabefchtown — Sermon from Bcehm and eshorta* 
tions from Mitchel and Smith. 79. Distance travel- 
led-Bishop's admiration of the country 80 On to 
Col. stone's at Gananoque Falls— Bishop suffering 
like a marlyr— Elias Dulmage in the First Town- 
Sermons from Bishop and exhortations from Bcehm 
and Cooper 233 

81. Asbury laid up at Dulmage's— Bcehm on with Byaa— 
Father Miller's— John Embury's, Hay Bay and what 
of him. 82. Glorious Love-feast— Sennoti abroad to 
two thousand people — Reynolds and Ryan exhort — 
Ryan very powerful 83. A whole nights ride— At 
Dulmage's by morning light— Thirty-five miles 234 

^4. The Bishop better, and had preached 85 Time in Ca- 
nada and places visited — Sermons and lectures 86 
Tribute to Bela Smith — His opinion of Bcehm — 
Meeting forty years after — Reminiscences — 'All 
Greek " to younger men— Testimony to ^mith — Two 
sons in the ministry 235 

87. Left Kingston in an open sail-boat — Head wind - Pass 
the harbor in Granadier Island — bwearing and n- 
proof. 88. Meet a raft — Tie up near Fux Island 23G 

89. The Bishop and Boehm remain in the boat— Lsitter's 
care of the Bishop. 90. Alarm at night from a squall 
ftl. Breakfast — On ^ err a firma again '^37 





92 Dine at Sackett's Hnrbor— Off in a rain storm— Bisbop'g 
lamentations 93. On Friday at Paris— Joyful meet- 
ing of the Episcopal veterans— Harmonious CJonfer- 
enoe. 94 Testimony to the men ordained — Grant, 
Pufifer, Giles and Harmon— Delegates to General Con- 
ference — No Canadian, and no Presiding Elders— 
The cause of opposition to the appointing power ..... 238 

95. Appointments for Canada for the year 1811-12 from this, 
the Kew York^andNew England Conferences — Names 
end places 239 

93. Case still in the U. S. department— Cayuga District^^ 
Dr. Pttck's remembrance of his person and dress. 97. 
Work prosecuted with vigor, 98. Ira Fairbanks' re- 
miniscences cf Case, Willis, Farley, and Mexico Cir- 
cuit — * More than, how do you do ? " , 240 

99. Particulars of raising a Society in a wild place — Depth 

of piety ^ „ 241 

100. Specimen of their zeal— Case— A year on $23— In- 
crease in Case's District in one year of 689. 101. 
Specimen of the power of Case's personal ministry 
at that time, from Dr Peck 242 

102. Six missing out of the list of preachers in Canada of 
the previous year— Three removed forever — One for 
a time— Two located. 103. Heman Garlick in N. Y. 
Conference till he ceased to travel — Two years in 
Plattsburgh — Superannuated in '13— Located in '15 
— What since learned from Capt. W. A. Garlick 243 

104. Kilborn's antecedents— Descended from the common 
ancestors of the Kilborns. 105. Immediate father 
and birth- Joined N. E C in 1808— Circuits— Presid- 
ing Elder — Stations in cities— Delegate to General 
Conference — Death— Lessons from his history 244 

106 Pattie perhaps staid in Canada for a time — Baptized S. 
M. Heck in 1816 — Pity not more stable — Thrice mar- 
ried — Westward — Ohio and Michigan Conferences— 
Superannuated from '36 to '38 246 

107. Madden not finally removed— Stations in 1811 and 1812 





— Breaking oat of war, and first act of hostility — 

^ Brandon in 1813— Rev. D. B. Madden's fruitless re- 

searcheS'Eliza born in Yermout 246 

108. Robert Perry's disappearance was location— A pity — 
Early marriage— Bereavement -Single while travel- 
ling — In a local sphere till 1816| when he joined the 
<' Reformed Methodists"— More anon. 109 Daniel 
Freeman — Marriage cause ot location— Probably 
Canadian lady —Transferred property from N. J. to 
Canada 247 

110. Faithful to his church— Labors— Death. 111. Particu- 
lars of his demise— Descendants. 112, *< Missing" 
Lockwood, no Appointment^ and not amon^ the lo- 
cated, disabled, expelled, or dead » 248 

1 13. Irregularly desisting— School teaching on Yonge Street 
— Relation 1 7 years after — Out in the Episcopal dis- 
ruption—Now under the Wesleyan ministry — Mrs. 
Coleman -Wife a Palatine 114. Seven came in 
the place of the six— Begin at the east 249 

115. A young man of N. E. origin — Ottawa —Now Be v. Dr. 
Samuel Luckey. 116. No incidents but Hibbard 
and Hyatt's bam— A hungry voyage to and from 
Montreal — Asking bread and getting a raior 250 

117. Steven Somborger and Joseph Dennett, not continuing 
long in work| hard to find material. 118. Sombor- 
ger on trial — Fletcher, Brandon, Cambridge, and 
Charlotte Circuits— In 1811 in charge of one Timothy 
Minor— But in 1812, retumed " expelled" — Cause un- 
known— Another beacon. 119. Dennett received ono 
year before — Barnard — Increase this year of 38 251 

120. John Rhodes— Antecedents given below. 121. Bom 
in Pennsylvania— Parents Quakers— Conversion- 
Begins to preach and joined the Baltimore Confer- 
ence^Sent to Quaker Pennsylvania— Ordained and 
sent to N. T. State— Next, to Augusta, U. C. 122, 
Wise, worthy man, and good preacher 252 

123. George Washington Densmore— Large name, but little 





man — Antecedents — Prodigious circui t^Heroism .... 253 

124 Ontario Circuit-— This year Ancaster and Long Point — 
What the old Methodists remember of him — More of 
him, 125. Eno«h Burdock, or Burdick— Had lived 
in Oxford. 126. Wife a Methodist first — Escapade 
between him and Bangs 127. United with the So- 
ciety—Mr. Corson^s testimony 154 

128 Ilis gifts overbalanced his family — Gets a circuit with 
Dcnsmore. 129. A physical contrast— Voice. 130. 
Silas Hopkins — Single and young — <Sile" a Cana- 
dian—Godly father— Piety and zeal, but slender tal- 
ents -Sent to develop them under Holmes f 55 

131 Changes and positions— Scull and Mitchel— Quebec 
decreases, Montreal increases. 132. Cooper crosses 
the St. Lawrence, and joins Whitehead— Increase. 
133. Reynold joins Rhode on the Augusta, and 
Gatchel takes his place — Fervent, faithful, but bois- 
terous — Prindle to Yonge Street, and Smith succeeds 
him. 134. Prospects estimated as flattering by As- 
bury. 135. Particulars in a letter to Bev. Joseph 
Benson— Increase of 572 in the two Canadas 266 

136 Not by denominational increase that the benefit of 
their labors to be estimated— How they diffused 
knowledge. 137. Example of the tardy arrival of 
news, from the " York Gazette^^ 257 

138. Prospects destined to be obscured by war. 139. Our 
plan precludes a noticeable caption for the period, of 
the war. 140. Genesee Conference to have met at 
Warner's meeting-house in July, 1812— Declaration 
of war preceded and prevented— America^ preachers 
/met at Lyons 258 

141 None of the Canada laborers went over — Lower Can- 
ada District reverted— No more parcelling. 142. 
List of the Stations for the two Canadas 259 

143. Seven veritable British subjects— One constitutionally 
so. 144. Miss Scull and Mitchel. 145. Scuil re- 
turned to Fhiladtflphia Conference— Circuit and 





ClolleAgne-^aperaimnaAed in '13->Locat6d in '14— Ko 
more of him. 146. Mitchel went the same wsj— 

Located one year later — Nothing farther 260 

147. Dennett back to New England— Barre— Located '14. 
148. Non-historic period— When Minntes published 
in '16) miss eight names. 149. Take np in order- 
How long Cooper labored not known — Elected to 
orders only — Fonnd by G. F. backslidden in second 
year of the war — Pedlar — Lament. 160. Hopkins 
probably some service during the war — Heard of him 
on the Bay Circuit — Settled in Burford — Went with 
Episcopals — ^Died religious 261 

151. Smith among the " missing '' — Located somewhere in 

Niagara County — Probable cause — Will appear again. 

152. Reynolds did not hold on to the end of the stormy 

period — Rev. E. Adams's version — ^Deacon, but not 
elder 262 

163. School-teaching— Indian trading — Shop-keeping — Lo- 
cal labors — ^Recording Steward — Bishop of 0. M. B. C. 
—Death coincident with Case's— Hope. 154. Gatchel 
may be placed in the category with Smith — Was 
travelling in '14— Thirty— Dundas Street— Will ap- 
pear again. 155. Holmes remained in the western 
country, and supplied till Hickock came in '15 263 

166. Married Miss Newkirk — Little farm— School-teaching 
— Uscf ul and universally approved 157. Died in 1 8 29 
— ^Estimate of his character and particulars of his 
death, from the Rev E. Ryerson 264 

158. Fifteen years a school-leacher— Characteristics 'of his 
ministry — Attainments. 159. Mysterious providence 
—Infidel's trust 265 

160. Last sermon — Last devotion— Death. 161. Rev. &. 
Young's letter — Place of his grave, and transcript of 
inscription 266 

162. Another of the class — Enoch Burdock, to be distin- 
guished from Caleb — ^Particulars of the latter — Point 
undecided. 163. How long he travelled unknown 





— E. Adams's testimony— Mr. Rose's testlmony-^Visit 267 
164. Peter Conover ^ Married — Settled — Faithful till 
aeath — Bequest. 165. Densmore, Bangs, Lnckey, 
Ghamberlaini and Hibbard to be considered. 166. 
Densmore's case difficult — Bcy. J. Byerson's account 
—Adams's— Prindle's 268 

167. Inclined to the opinion of his delay in the province- 

Incident by Hughes — " Ducking" in Bay of Quinte 

— ^Boys like him 269 

168. Circuits in Genesee Ck>nference— Circuits in Oneida — 

Located in '36 — Dt, Peck's character of him 270 

169. Cases of Bangs, Luckey and Chamberlain explained in 

a letter by Dr. Luckey — ^Went not to their fields of 
labor— Hibbard drowned — ^Burch to Montreal — ^Bangs 
not idle 27l 

170. Loss to Canada — Bangs's subsequent labors — ^Honors— 

And bappy death 272 

171. J. F. Chamberlain's case — ^New York Conference — 

New England Conference — ^Location. 172. Key. 
Samuel Luckey, D.D. — Career — ^Honors — ^To be intro- 
duced again. 173. Bobert Hlbbard's melancholy fate 
•—On the Ottawa till October— Objects of his^ visit. 273 

174. Usual account of his death. 175. Presentiment— Mr. 

Fowler's version 274 

176. The appointee to Stanstead. 177. Leonard Bennetts- 
Irish — ^Birth— Regeneration — Emigration — Ministiy 
— His son's account of his last sickness — Circuits 
— Superannuation — ^Illinois 275 

178, Dispose of the border circuits. 179. John T. Addoms 

— Previous circuits — Remained in Canada two years 276 

180. William Ross — ^Birth — ^Entrance on ministry — Charac- 
ter. 181. Dr. Reed's account of the circuit— Addoms 
staid, Ross left. 182. Tribute — Preaching against 
unconditional perseverance — Military illustration — 
Accused — Retires — Deserted clearings 277 

183. Dr. Reed's account of the Quarterly Meeting in the 

smuggler's store-house 278 





184. Addoms alone appointed in M 3 ^ 279 

185. Addoms located in *14 — Supposition — Birth-place — 

"Crazy Addoms." 186. Ross died in the work but 
young — Testimony of the Minutes 280 

187. The one stranger who staid— Rev. Thomas Burch. 188. 
Birth in Ireland — ^Parentage. 189 Awakening under 
Ousley*-Joined the Methodists, and all his family 
also. 190. Arrival in U. S. — Bcehm's chapel — Li- 
censed — On trial —Famous neighborhood — Ten 
preachers — Four Irish — Mistake about Jewell 281 

191. Member of first Delegated Conference — Designated to 
Quebec, but goes to Montreal. 192. Seldom visits 
Quebec — ^Decline of that 5o';iety— Old local preacher 
— Webster — Oflfence —Compromise — Old preacher's 
retirement — W.'slabors and saccess— Langlois begins 
to preach 282 

193. Oiirious reader gratified about Webster — Cornwall— 

Bamhardt's Island — Marriage — British missionaries 
Independent labors^Canadian Wesleyans — Union 
— ^Leaves 2SZ 

194. Upper Canada Presiding Elder now to manage the 

work in both provinces — Adapted to the emergency — 
Defects — Prindle — Adams— Ryan and Rhodes — 
George Lawrence : ^ 284 

195. A faithful laborer*- Length of journeys — Eking out a 

small income — Loyalty , 285 

196. Other sources of influence — ^Rough oratory— Sensa- 

tional — Familiar— Witty — Defiant — * Swear on" — 
Visit to the author's mother — Her case 286 

•97 Ryan's Conferences — J Ryerson's and E Adams's state- 
ment — Warner's meeting-house — Matilda — Bay of 
Quinte. 198. Names in lieu of those missing in 1815 
—All Canadians 288 

199. David Culp, Canadian Dutchman— Twenty — Beam's 
class — Beam himself, when C. taken out— Yet alive 
— Rhode's colleague in '13 — ^Wide circuit — A glimpse 
of Rhode — C. remained .' 289 



INDEX. xxxa 


200. Local preacher --Matured «ian — Writer's remembran- 
ces—Character. 201. Singer— Solos — Farewell hymn 290 

202 David Youmans— Probably ordained when local — 
Blacksmith — Samuel Reed. 203 Mind and education 
— Bass voice — Like John Bunyan 291 

204. Wheie Ferguson found him — Surmise. 205. "William 
Brown — Birth — ^Emigration to Canada — First settle- 
ment ~ Violin —Itinerants find him — Member of the 
Heck-Embury class 292 

206. A modern Transylvania— How they reached it — Brown 

among them—*' Lodging place for wayfaring men ". 293 

20t. When licensed— Amount of education — ^Mind — ^Appear- 
ance—Habits of study— Progress— Magistrate. 208. 
His three wives — William and Sarah Smith — Hunt- 
ington — Itinerancy began late in the war — Treaty of 
peace — Montgomery and Montreal — ^Brown takes his 
place ; 294 

209 Character of preaching — ^What we may imagine of him 295 

210. Ezra Adams — Birth — Conversion— Removal to U. C— 
Teaching — Called out-^Colleague of Culp -Absorbed 
in his work ,\ 296 

211 Substance of the above — Single — Bay Circuit — More of 
him anon. 212. Thomas Madden appears again — 
Probable date of his return — Birth and baptism of 
Rev. D. B. Madden — How did he come? 213. Sure 
of another laborer — The redoubtable Thomas Har- 
mon — Facts from his Conference obituiary — Exhorter 
when the war opened 297 

214. Drafted — Objections to fighting — ^Scruples overcome — 

Decided opinions and prompt action 298 

215. Battle of Queenstown — " Prayed like a saint and fought 

like a devil " — Demurred to all published accounts of 
that battle. 216. Major Hilliard's testimony to H. — 
" Weaving religion " into Dr. Strachan's address — 

Both deserving praise 299 

217, His bloody baptism made him intensely loyal— The 
disloyal man behind a stump. 218. Rcleas&d from 





«ervice, and employed on i^ciroait— Niagam— He and 

Fergtmon at Stoney Creek. 219. Size— Agility— 

Ck>mplezion— Loses a leg. 220. Estimate of hia 

mental powers— Strong Intellect — Passions and 

appetites— ^'Stamping with the foot and smiting with 

the hand " — << Hell-bonnd souls ^ — Oharging too high 

— -Great measure of divine inflnence and reviyals by 

times 300 

221. Niagara and Yonge Street— Reported reasons for not 

l>eing publicly authenticated — One denied — Probable 
t>nes— Ordained deacon by Bishop Roberts 301 

222. Help from the located and local preachers. 223. Smith 

Grifiin, Esq.— '<Too busy to help Satan"— Liberality- 
Ferguson and he. 224. Two German local preachers — 
Henry Cline— Peter Bowslaugh, a man of mark — Gi- 
ant's body and child's disposition— What made him 
interesting— *< Got Almighty preaking his heart *%— 
« Shunks of fire "— " Sal&shion, O, te Shoyfal sount'' 
-»A dissimilar neighbor — Hugh Wilson "found peace 
walking on the shore of Ontario " — Caleb Burdick... 302 

226. His Majesty's ships bring out a missionary — George 

Ferguson. 226. Birth in Ireland— Ck>nyerted— Dis- 
carded by his father— Bel&st and reyival meetings- 
Trials issue in a partial backsliding and a precepi- 
tate marriage— Enlisted 304 

227. Brought to seek the Lord afresh — Preaches successfully 

wherever the regiment went in Ireland and England 
—Numerous tokens of kindness and providential 
supplies. 228. In 1812 embarks for North America 
—Landed below Quebec — Fatiguing march— Dear- 
bome's check at Lacolle — Hard march to Kingston- 
Exemplary fortitude — Meets Edward Ck)oper and 

Capt. Matthew Clarke ^ 305 

229. Moves to the Cantonment at Burlington Heights — ^De- 
feat of Generals Chandeler aid Winder at Stoney 
Creek— An account in Ferguson's forthcoming biog- 
raphy. 230. Dr Reed's account of the battle— Brit- 





ish Tersion— Brother Gage's boys pick np a pock of 
balletS'Burial of the dead 306 

231. Ferguson finds Christian Warner— Bev. Messrs. Byan 
and Yonmans and S. Griffin at St. David's — Forced 
to preach— Baxter's chapel — " Orderlj ''^^nfidence 
reposed in him — ^Allowed to go to a Qoarterl j Meet- 
ing on the strength of a prediction, whichproved tme 30 T 

132. Col. Murray's attack on Fort Niagara— Ferguson's 
touching description— Battle of Chippewa — ^Avoids 
killing anj one, but gets wounded himself— Went to 
Warner's— Tedious Tojage to hospital in York— Late 
extraction of the ball delayed his recovery — Loneli- 
ness—The Christian soldier andj[)ious Quaker SOS 

283. Ordered to the Lower Province — Friends in Montreal 
— Burchy Hitchcock, and McCracken — Sorel— Be- 
proves a card-playing parson — Kindness of Mr. and 
Mrs. See— Re-union of these friends— First on earth, 
and now in heaven— War closes— Still in the army 809 

134. Montreal Society in a ferment — Mr. Langlois's corres- 
pondence with the Superintendent of Nova Scotia 
District for a supply for Quebec — Rev. John Bass 
Strong sent out— A letter. 235. Final visit to his 
friends— Voyage — ^Admires the banks of the St. Law- 
rence 310 

S36. Arrival in Quebec-^State in which he found the So* 
ciety— A few gathered in — ^Aspirations- Tickets- 
Place of preaching. 237 Description of the city and 
his lodgings. 238. The lot in St. Ann Street bought 
—Subscription — ^Langlois's account of their minister 311 

239. Bev. Bichard Williams, the second missionary, went 
to Montreal in 1815— Principal part of the Society 
adhered to him and kept the chapel— The Upper Ca- 
nada P. E. keeps a preacher in the city, and the So- 
ciety is divided till 1820. 240. Ferguson there, and 
sympathizes with the Canadians— Probable reason. 
241. Mr. Strong removed to Montreal in the autumn 
of '15— Married— Williams goes to Quebec— St Ann's 





chapel — other particulars deferred 312 

242. Stations in U. C hard to determine — Rhodes in 
Augusta and Long Point — Gulp and Prindle on 
Yonge Street — Harmon — Whitehead in Smithes 
Greek, Bay of Quinte and Eideau — Character and hahit 
— Effects oi the war. 243. Case during his three 
year's labors in U. S. — Oneida District — Chenango 

District — How he appeared 319 

244. A power — Cayuga District. 245 Ostego Circuit — 

Scene in a. barn 314 

246. Ebenezer White's prayers — Two take part in one prayer. 
247. Case purposing a return to Canada—Chenango 
District — ^Peck familjr — Lanning and Reader — Burge 

— ^A slam-bang sermon — Effective ones 311 

248. Case seeing the honors of war and alleviating its mis- 
eries. 249. Battle of Sackett's Harbor — Camp-meeting 
preparations interrupted — Intercession — Compas- 
sion for both nations 316 

260. Visit to the battle-field — Agony of the wounded — ^Re- 
ligious seriousness — Utility of chaplains 319 

251 . Finds Hombrook and Pratt. 252. Preachers gave them 
biscuits — Officers *'by mutual wounds expired" — 

Greaves — Sad case of Fay 318 

253. Procure further supplies — Col. Mills' funeral sermon. 
254. Ministrations lo soldiers — Preachers good Sa- 
maritans 318 

255. Letter under date of " Albany, Oct. 20th, 1813." 256. 
Preaching to prisoners at Greenbush — Canadians— 
Lawrence — Clinton— Hawley. 267. Episode about 
Lawrence— Attack of Indians — Flight of guard — 
Captivity— Death of Smith — Flight of women and 
chil(ken — Twenty-four hours' fast— Lawrence at York 320 
268. Happy result of peace — Canadians, can go to U. S. to 
Conference— Laborers can come from there to here^ 
End of first Yolmne 322 



iNDfix. xua 



(I.) The names of two Lutheran ministers omitted on page 
8. (2.) Two other places in which Byan is remem- 
bered. (See page 25). (3.) Supplement to Pickett's 
life on page 26 325 

(4.) Perry's state in life when he began to travel. (P. 35.) 
(5.) Bectillcation of mistake about JewelPs nativitj. 
(Page 67.) (6.) Correction of a misnomer. (7.) 
Another case of hardship supplied. (Page 91.* 
(8.) Rectification of chronological order. (Page 131/ 
(9.) Supply of omission (Page 169.) 326 

(10) A wrong surmise corrected, (Page 234.) (11.) A 
wrong ascription of Canada labor to a man who only 
entered it in name. (Page 245) ; 327 











1. On the twenty-seventh day of August, 1780, in the 
town of Swansea, on the Massachusetts sea-board, an event of 
much importance to two countries, the State of New York, 
but especially Canada, occurred, in the birth of a child, who 
was to do much in his own person for their religious and 
consequently material interests, but more by influencing 
others, being destined largely to sway and direct. That 
individual was the late Eevebend and Venerable William 
Case, "the Father op Indian Missions in Canada." 

2. His parents, it is surmised, belonged to that class of 
small farmers who then constituted the mass of New-England's 
rural population. From the best information we can get, the 
elder Mr. Case was a man in only moderate circumstances. 
We would have been glad to tell how far his son's future 
course was influenced by the moral and mental character of 
the parents, but have to confess ourselves without the desired 

3. How much of his boyhood was spent in his Eastern 
birth-place, has not been ascertained. So also we are denied 
the pleasure of presenting those early out-croppings of future 



2 OASfi, AND 

character so interestiDg to the curioosy and which justify the 
oft-repeated adage, that '* the boy is father to the man." It 
is surmised at least, however, that hjs stay io that country 
must haye covered his sdiool-going days, New-England 
then, as well as now, was in advance of all other parts of the 
American Union, and of many other places besidesy in the 
matter of common schools, and William gave evidence that 
he had receired a good common school education, by following 
the occupation of school-teaching in youth ; by his ability to 
write printable letters and perform the duties of Secretary of 
Conference while yet young in the ministry, achievements 
utterly beyond the reach of manj of his brethren in that 
day, notwithstanding they preached well ; and bj the interest 
he evinced both in primary and academical education during 
the ^hole of his ministry, embracing some part of it times 
when education was n^lected and decried by many. 

4. As his children- were somewhat numevoos, William's 
&ther removed his family, it is thought, before the Ume of 
bis son's majority, from the less productive veil and smaller 
&rms of the << Old Bay Sta>te" to the more fertile lands of 
Central New York, then covered with a deqa^ and almost 
boundless forest The Rev. Dr, George Peck gave it as his 
opinion to the writer that the family settled first in the ''town" 
(township) of Chatham, between Albany and Springfield. 
Thirty years afterwards we found relatives of Mr. Case 
scattered fro^ Schenectady to Newark on the Erie Canal. 
In this region any man who could wield «q axe would soon 
clear broad acres for himself. Here no doubt this young man 
acquired those habits of toil and of submission to privation 
which answered such important ends to him in his after course. 

5. William*8 arrival at manhood found him there amid the 
inspiring grandeur of forest scenery ; the rude and boisterous 
jictivities of frontier life j and the primal eleipents of what is 



HiS /:0T£MP0RABIES. 3 

now one of the richest parts of the ** Empire State.'' Wc 
have learned pretty directly that William^s youth was 
characterized by '^ wildness/* and that bis amiable heart and 
handsome person exposed him to some dangers from which he 
did not wholly escape. 

6. The American Republic had now existed twenty years* 
In that very short time, her population had been wonderfully 
augmented in the frontier States — from natural increase and 
foreign immigration, pushing its surplus members westward; 
or, rather, while the less adventurous remained in the older 
settlements, the more enterprising and adventurous tried their 
fortunes in the attempt to found new ones. 

7. Many of these pioneers spread themselves in Wefttera 
Virginia, Western Pennsylvania, — and further into the great 
valley of the Mississipi, laying the foundation of the now 
mighty States of Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee, 
while others reclaimed the wilderness parts of New York, and 
thence went on north-westward into the then territory o£ 

8. Immediately €t{ the recognition of American Indepen- 
dence, the adherents of the Royal cause in the revolutionary 
struggle, the sturdy old Unity of the Empire Loyalists, 
from choice or necessity, withdrew from the territories of the 
new Republic, fen thousand of them seeking homes in the 
wilds of Canada, locating themselves along the dividing waters 
from Montreal westward along the St. Lawrence, Bay Quinte, 
Lake Ontario, Niagara River, Lake Erie, and Detroit River, 
to the foot of St. Clair. They coasted the entire way in row- 
boats, trailing them up the rapids of the St Lawrence by 
main strength, as draught animals did in after years ; or carried 
their effects on pack-horses through the wilderness whksh 
intervened between their abandoned dwellings in the old 



4 CASE, AN^ 

colonies and the country of their future homes. The toils 
and sufferings of their journey were incredible; and after 
their arrival at their journey's end, their labors and privations 
were great for many years. At first their milling was done 
by hand, or the grain was ground in steel "hand mills," 
furnished, along with three years' provisions, by the Govern- 
ment, one for each township, and after water-mills were built, 
they often coasted from fifty to a hundred miles to have their 
grinding done. Or, where the distance was not so great, their ^ 
grain and flour were carried for many miles upon their backs. 
9. But these ardent minded and enduring men under both 
Governments, must have the ordinances and controlling influ- 
ences of the Christian religion, or their very energy of charac- 
ter will work their overthrow. How are they to be provided 
with those ordinances t Where shall the preachers be found, 
qualified in sufficient numbers, or with the required rapidity, 
to follow up this overflowing stream of human existence in 
its north and westward course ? How shall the supply be 
kept up to the demand 1 Who shall defray the cost of their 
education, and their outfit when educated ? Who pay the ex- 
penses of their journey 1 And who support them in adequate 
respectability and comfort to comport with their dignity and 
refinement when one has been settled in each locality 1 Who ? 
Certainly not the new settlers themselves, whose thoughts and 
energies are too much occupied with the toils and shifts 
necessary to procure a scanty subsistence. The very sam 
reason might be alleged why they have not the means, if they 
cotdd be supposed to have the disposition, which few of them 
had, to secure so desirable yet so expensive an object. And, 
whatever may be said for the disposition and the ability of 
those in the older settlements of the Continent to conceive and 
carry out a scheme so rast and good, they certainly neither 
effected nor projected any such work. 




10. In this unparalleled and nnprovided-for state of thinggt 
it pleased an overruling Providence to make the necessary 
provision, and that the very best, considering the peculiar 
character of the case, for the religious wants of the pioneer 
settlers. He is not only about to provide them ** Pastors after 
His own heart,'' but pastors after the people's heart also— 
men who can sympathise with the class of persons to be 
benefited — in tastes, and share with them in hardships. 

11. Two tiny slips from the yet young and vigorous stock 
of Methodism in Europe were transplanted into Ainerican 
soil, in 1766, apart from each other, the one by tlie Hecks and 
Embury in the city of New York, the other by Kobert Straw- 
bridge in Alaryland. In 1769, the first two Itinerant Lay 
Preachers were sent over by Wesley himself. Two years 
afterwards two more were sent by the same authority. Sub- 
sequently, other European Preachers came over, either by 
authority or at their own instance. At the outbreak of the 
Bevolutionary war, or soon after, all those preachers returned 
to Britain, or entered the ministry of the different churches 
of the land, except the inviolable and indomitable A&bury, 
who marshaled the native American Preachers raised up 
in the country, of whom there were now a score or more, and 
led them on amid the din of war in a bloodless but more glori- 
ous conflict — a conflict, too, which was crowned with victories. 
They reported, at the close of the war, no less XhdM fourteen 
thousand, nine hundred, and eighty-eight members in their 
widely-scattered societies. 

12. In 1783, the Independence of the United States was 
acknowledged. In 1784, the English hierarchy for the 
Colories being overthrown, and the Episcopal Church itself 
being in a state of complete disorganization, Wesley sent over 
the Eev. Dr. Coke to organize the American Methodist Socle- 



6 CA8B, AND 

ties into a compact connexion, with the stjle and all the 
appliances of a Church, The Methodist Episcopal Church 
in the United States was the result. Qreat good attended 
this measure. Up to 1790, however, the lahors and successes 
of the new church had heen confined to the country south of 
the city of New iTork, with the exception of the city of Albany 
and a few intermediate places on the Iludson. 

13. About the year just mentioned, or a little before, 
Freeborn Garrcttson, with a band of ardent young preachers, 
was commissioned by Bishop Asbury to introduce Methodism 
into the country up the North River, east and west, as for 
north as Lake Ghamplain. Six circuits were the fruits of 
the first year's efforts, extending from New Rochelle to the 
Lake above named. One of his nine young men was Dariia 
Dunham^ a name afterwards celebrated in Canada. 

14. In many of the new settlements in which the gospel 
was introduced by the Methodists, since the organization of 
the American Methodist Church, the first laborers who 
prepared the way for the regular Itinerants, were private 
members of the church, or local preachers, who had emigrated 
from older places,*in common with others, and who when they 
arrived at their new homes, with a zeal which characterized 
all Methodists in that day, sought the spiritual good of their 
neighbors, by holding prayer meetings, exhorting, and preach- 
ing as they were able. This was particularly true of Canada, 
among whose early settlers, whether " U. E.'s," discharged 
soldiers, or immigrants from the old country, there were 
several Methodists. Thus in 1760, ''a Methodist local 
preacher, named Taffy, commissary of the 44th r^ment, 
oame to Quebec," and preached in that city while his regiment 
remained thera In 1785, the Hecks, some of the Emburys, 
and John Lawrence, settled in Augusta, and held a olass- 




meeting among themselves. In 1788, CoJ, Neale, of whom 
more hereafter, preached and formed a class near Niagara; 
and Lyons, an exborter from the States, and McCarty, a 
converted Irishman, a Whitfield Methodist, held meetings 
under many difficulties in the Bay of Quinte country, until 
McCarty was made away with in a mysterious manner* 
These particulars arc to be found in Piayter's History. 

15, In 1790, the never-to be-forgotten William Losee, not 
succeeding to the satisfaction of his ardent mind on the 
Charajilain circuit, to which he had been sent at the beginning 
of the previous Conference year, and being on an elevatioa 
where he could look down into the valley of the Sf. Lawrence^ 
and having, furthermore, relations in the British Province 
which comprehended that valley, as well as possessing early 
proclivities towards the British Government, asked leave to 
explore that country, and received permission from Bishop 
Asbury, or Elder Garrettson, " to range at large '' for th6 
ensuing Conferenoe year, (1790-91). He crossed the St 
Lawrence, certainly somewhere below Matilda, (and probably 
as far down as St. Begis), for he preached in Matilda on his 
way westward, also in all accessible places as far up as the Bay 
of Quinte. The first person known to be converted through 
the instrumentality of his preaching was a young relative of 
the preacher, a Joshua Losee^ who found the peace of God 
while wrestling in an agony of prayer in a lumber shanty one 
Sunday^, while his fellow workmen were away« This was on a 
point of land on the American side of the river ; and bo great 
was his rapture, that, to use his own language relative to his 
exstacy, " You might have heard me shout across the St Law- 
rence." Another of his early converts in that township was 
an ignorant, wicked young man named Joseph Brouse, known 
many yoars afterwards among the people as ^' Uncle Joe BroUse.'^ 
He was struck by the power of God while in the act-of making 



8 CASE, Aia> 

derision in a religions meeting, in answer to Losee's prayer, 
who^ on seeing bis miscondact, lifted his eyes and bands to 
heaven and cried ont, " Smite him, my God I My God, 
smite him !*' He fell like a bullock under the stroke of the 
batcher's axe, and writhed on the floor in agony, until the Lord 
in mercy set his soul at liberty. Other early converts in that 
r^on were, Michael Carman, Peter Brouse, and John Van- 
Camp. Farther up, Losee found a people prepared for the 
Lord. Paul and Barbara Heck, among the primal founders 
of the New York Methodist Society, as also John Lawrence, 
who had married the celebrated Philip Embury's widow, and 
Samuel Embury, Philip's son, who became the first leader of 
that class, as we have elsewhere shown, were now in the 
township of Augusta, in the neighborhood of the " Big Creek," 
since 1785. The leading subject of our treatise, Mr. Case, 
no mean authority, says of the then religious state of the 
Province ; — " The only ministers in the country, I believe, 
were Rev. Mr. Bethune, of the Scotch Church, in Lancaster, 
Rev. Mr. Stuart, of Kingston, Mr. Langhorn, of Bath, and 
Mr. Addison, of Niagara. Perhaps there was a Lutheran 
minister in the Dutch settlement in Matilda, and another at 
the Bay of Quinte. Besides these, I cannot learn there were 
any others ; so that the settlements from the Lower Canada 
line to Fort Maiden, a distance of about 450 miles, were mostly 
without religious instruction ; and throughout all those settle- 
ments religious feelings were found among the few, and fewer 
still attended to the religious duties of family devotion. 
Some families there were who had been members of Mr. 
Wesley's society in Ireland. The names I recollect are Detlor, 
Heck, Embury, Dulmage, and Lawrence. Some of these 
belonged to the first Methodist society in New York/' 

16. The next year, 1791-2, the memorable year of the 
venerable Wesley's death, and the year of the enactment of 




the Constitutional Act for Upper Canada, William Losee 
received a regular designation in the Minutes of the New 
York Conference to " Kingston," his circuit standing in con* 
nection with the renowned Jesse Lee's first New England 
district ! The Conference which appointed him sat in Albanj, 
New York, May 26, 1791. So soon as the ice would bear 
his horse, he crossed the dividing waters at Cape Vincent^ 
having come through a trackless wilderness, a journey of 
weeks. He soon organized a circuit around the shores of 
the Bay of Quinte, not forgetting to visit his friends along the 
banks of the St. Lawrence, and, we have a right to believe, 
those in the Niagara country also. 

17. About the same period of which we are writing, Metho- 
dism entered what is called the ** Lake Country," so called from 
its comprising several beautiful collections of water, severally 
from ten to thirty miles in length, most of them designated 
by euphonious Indian names, such as Owasco, Cagugu^ 
Seneca, Onondaga^ Cauandaigtui, and the like. This southern 
side of the State of New York was reached by the pioneer 
itinerants from Pennsylvania, through the valleys of Wyoming 
and Susquehanna. Thus was the country in which the Case 
family resided, becoming gradually surrounded, and perme- 
ated by religious influence through the instrumentality of 

18, We are sorry Mr. Case kept no journal, or at least that 
none has come into our hands. This, with his prevailing 
silence with regard to himself, has left us in ignorance of the 
human instrument, and the particulars of the great turning 
point in his life, namely, his '* translation out of the kingdom 
of darkness into the kingdom of God's dear Son." He simply 
says in his JuBiiiSE Sermon, *^ I was converted in February, 
1803*' He was then twenty-three years of age. From some 





vague recollections of circumstances casually recited by those 
who had knowledge of those early times, the author received 
the impression that his newness of life in Christ began in a 
revival, which imparted coincidently the same blessinc: 
to several other young men in the vicinity, who also entered 
the ministry, some of whose names will occur as his coadjutors 
in the work before we have done. 

19. Methodism in that stage of its progress and history 
was characterized by glowing enthusiasm and tireless activity. 
Every particle of talent among its votaries was called into 
immediate and constant requisition. In two short years after 
his conversion, namely, in 1805, Mr. Case had passed through 
the subordinate grades of exhorter (then thought to be an 
indispensable preliminary link, and very justly, in view of the 
general rawness of the candidates), and local preacher, and 
was recommended to the New York Conference, which then 
comprised the whole of the State of New York, some adjacent 
parts of New England, and the whole, of Upper and Lower 
Canada, in which Provinces, particularly the former, he was 
to spend the greater part of his life. 

20. It will be our duty to devote a paragraph or two to 
the religious state of that country to which he was about to 
repair. Method is tically considered at least. And here, as 
our work is so largely biographical, we must present what we 
have gleaned relative to the first agent whose time while in 
the Province was exclusively devoted to the plantation of 

21. Where V/'dliam Losee was born, or brought up, 
curious as we may feel about the pioneer-preacher, we have 
not the means of determining. The first information we have 
of him is in the Oeneral American Minutes of his having been 
** received on trial '' for the ministry. This was at the corn- 




uidnceoient of the Conibrenoe year 178^90. The scsbiob of 
Conference took place in the city of New York, May 28th, 

1789. He was enrolled among Garrettson's pioneer band of 
young men, and designated to '' Lake Champlain/' along with 
David Kendal], as his senior colleague. The next year his 
name appears in the Minutes among those ^ Continued on 
trial/^ but it does not appear as appended to any station, nor 
does his last year's circuit appear, at least by that name. It 
was during the Conference year, banning October ihe/ourth, 

1790, that he was allowed to ** range at large/' and came on 
the exploring tour to Canada above described. He crossed, as 
we have surmised, at St. Begisy passing up the north-western 
branch of the St. Lawrence, preaching in Matilda — cheering, 
mayhap, by the way the little coterie of German-Irish Metho- 
dists, the Hecks, and Lawrences, and Emburys, in the 
township of Augusta, beyond the '* Big Creek " — and going 
on to re-animate the adherents of Lyons and McCarty in the 
**Bay country," 

22. Losee has been described as being at the period at 
which we write, about twenty-eight years of age, rather tall 
and actiye, — and, despite a shrivelled arm, an agile and 
fearless horseman, usually riding upon the gallop. As a 
preacher he was more hortatory than expository. He was 
impassioned, voluble, fearless, and denunciatory, cutting deep 
and closely, and praying God to *' smite sinners !*' He was, 
probably, more awakening than consolatory ; and^more of a 
John the Baptist, with a temporary, preparatory missiop, 
than one adapted to build up a permanent cause, as the issue 
will most likely show. 

23. His labors the first year, seem to have resulted in very 
extensively signed petitions, which were forwarded by his own 
hand to the Conference which sat in New York, May 20th, 



l£t GASS» AND 

1791, asking for his re-appointment The prajer of these 
petitions was granted, and he was re-appointed — ent^ng 
the Province, as we have seen^ hy crossing the ice so soon as 
it would boar his horse, which he had not brought with him 
in his first journey, — having traversed the forests of the 
Blaek Biver country, guided by the tributaries of the Mohawk, 
t till he Bunnounted the water-shed between the two great val* 
Ueys; and then traced those of the Black Biver to it mouth. 
{ 24 His circuit was named from the then village of Kings* 
ton. it included all the settlements, fifty or nxty miles eat^ 
way, east and west from Kingston. He reported to Confer- 
ence at the end (^ the year, at least five classes, some of which 
he organized for the first time, and others he may have only 
re-organized, having substantially existed before. They would 
rank, perhaps, according to priority, as follow:^ — '< Augusta 
class first, the Niagara class second, Adolphustown third, 
though the first regularly formed," next Earnestown, and 
lastly Fredericksburgh ; these included 165 members. 

25. The next year, he and Daritis Dunham, were appointed 
to supply the work in Canada, and it was divided into two 
circuits, Cataraqui and Oswe^tchiCf both of them designated 
by formidable Indian names. Cataraqui was used inter- 
changeably with Eangston, as the former was the ancient name 
of the place ; and Oswegotchie was named from a river and 
fort on the American side of the St. Lawrence, neai; where 
Ogdensburgh now stands, bearings that name — although the 
labors of the preachers were bestowed on the Canada side. 
Dunham had special charge of the former circuit, Losee of 
the latter ; yet, as Mr. D. alone was in full ministerial orders, 
he probably sometimes exchanged with the other for the 
purpose of dispensing the ordinances. At the close of this 
year, 255 members were returned for Cataraqui, and 90 for 
the other — 345 in all. 




26. These men and their circuits disappear from the list of 
appointments in 1793-4. Dunham and the cojantry appear 
again, but Loiee never. What became of the welNremem- 
bered proto-preacher of Canada 1 Playter gives an answer at 
once frank and touchiDg, and likely authcDtio. We will not 
mar his account : — " The cause was never published except in 
conversation. It reflects no shame on the man, and yet 
thereby he was unable to perform the duties of his station. 
To give the light in this connection is better than to leave the 
matter in darkness, and to allow scope for speculation or 
suspicion of after writers, and of future prying inquisitive- 
ness. He was the subject of that soft but powerful passion of 
our nature, which some account our weakness and others our 
greatest happiness. Piety and beauty were seen connected 
in female form then as well aa now, in this land of woods and 
waters, snows and burning heat. In the family of one of his 
bearers, and in the vicinity of the Napanee river, where he 
formed the third society, was a maid of no little moral and 
personal attractions. Soon his attention was attracted ; soon 
the seed of love implanted in his bosom ; and soon it germin- 
ated and bore outward fruit. In the interim of suspense, as 
to whether he should gain the person, another preacher came 
on the circuit" (his senior in office, Dunham), *' visits the same 
dwelling, is attracted by the same fair object, and finds in his 
heart the same passion. The two seek the same person. One 
is absent on the river St. Lawrence, the other frequents the 
blest habitation never out of mind. One, too, is deformed; 
the other, a person of desirable appearance. Jealousy crept 
in with love; but at last the preference was given, and disap- 
pointment like a thunderbolt overset the mental balance ot 
the first itinerant missionary of Canada. He became entirely 
unfitted for the constant and laborious duties of his ministry. 
His condition was doubtless made known to the Bishop, who 




kindly and quietly dropped bira from the itinerant list. After 
the balance of bis mind was restored, be left the Province, 
returned to the United States, and after a time he engaged 
in trade in a small way in the city of New York," — an 
inglorious termination, rather, of a her(;io career. The writer 
has personally heard tradition confirmatory of Mr. Playter's 
account] nor does he wonder that these ardent, and not too 
much experienced young men, were so smitten with one, in 
youth, who when the writer saw her, at the age of sixty, was 
still fascinating — much as he deplores the result to poor Losee, 
He did not, however, wholly cease to be useful, but continued 
to preach in a local sphere, and afler some years, returned to 
visit his friends in the Bay country, and gave them some 
arousing sermons. We return from this episode, and resume 
the thread of our brief annals. 

27. Dunham and the local laborers, several of whom, such 
as Eoblin, German, and the Steels, had been raised up, 
probably laboured od during the Conference year of 1793-4, 
as the numbers at the close of that year, for the two 
oircoits, the *^ Lower" and the *' Midland,'' as they are 
called, stood at 332. 

28; Three preachers appear in the Minutes of 1794-5, 
for Canada, namely, the ''Elder," Darius Duftham^ and 
James Colefman, specially designated to the " Lower Cir- 
cuit," and Elijah Wodlsey to the *< Upper." In 1795, there 
is a return of three Circuits — the Oswegotchie, the Bay of 
Quinte, and Niagara, with 483 members. Four preachers 
are appointed for the Conference year 1795-6, Sylvanus 
Keeler being employed in addition to the names given for 
the previous year. In 1796, they return 474 members. 
Keeler is dibcontinued, Woolsey removed, and Samuel Coate 
and Hezckiah C. Wooster, usually known as *' Calvin 
Wooiter,^^ sent in their places. In 1797, they return 795 




members, but we cannot find the stations for Canada, or tbo 
appointments made at the Conference, although the ministers 
appear in the list of ** elders," and arc stationed in no other 
part of the work. Most likely the same men were on the 
same ground as the year before. Wooster was in Canada we 
know, and a great revival of the work of God took place under 
his labours. It began in the spread of sanctification among 
the members. No wonder, therefore, that the published re- 
turns for the next Conference, gave 899 members for Canada. 
At the Conference of 1798, Dunham, Samuel Coate, and Cole- 
man were continued ; Wooster went home to die in glorious 
triumph ; and Michael Coate, a brother to Samuel, took his 
place in the Province. They report a decrease of thirty,^ the 
first reported for Canada, the result of the ' sifting * tffter the 
revival, in 1797. Still they have the goodly number of 869. 
At that Conference Michael Coate removes, and Joseph 
Jewell comes on, to take charge of the whole as ** Presiding 
Elder." The next Conference, held in New York, June 19, 
1800, they have doubled the cape of another hundred, and 
report 996 members. At that Conference, Dunham locates, 
having travelled twelve years ; Samuel Coate goes out of the 
country ; Keeler is called out again ; and four new names 
appear in the Canada field, namely, Joseph Sawyer^ William 
Anson, James Herron, and Daniel Pickett, seven labourers 
in all. A stronger staff than the Province ever had before. 
They return at the Conference of 1801, as members 1,159 
souls, an increase of 163. The Conference distributes the 
work into five Circuits, and manns them with Jewell, Sanmel 
Draper y Sawyer, Seth Crowell, Keeler, Pickett, Anson, Jas, 
Aihinsy John Robinson, and Caleb Morris — five new names, 
and ten in all. They report in 1802, fifteen hundred and 
two members. At that Conference, Jewell, Robinson, 
Pickett, Sawyer, Keeler, and Crowell, remain in the Canada 



16 OABB, sxa 

work; and Thomas Madden^ Pttcr VcrnnesU Nathan Bangs, 
and N. U, Tomkins, take the places of those whose names we 
miss. In 1803, they report nn increase, and the numl)er 
stands at a round sixteen hundred. This year, but nine 
laborers are appointed by the Conference, althongh there 
may have been another under the Presiding Elder. JetoeU 
removes, and the District is intrusted to Bohinson^ who 
proved himself scarcely worthy of tiie trust, as we shall see 
in the sequeL Keeler, Sawyer, Bangs, and Madden are still 
on the ground, and we weloome Samuel Hoive, Reuben 
JSarrUf and Luther Bishop, who are strangers. Although 
their standard-bearer has ^owed faintness, they present at 
the Conference of 1804, an increase of fifty^ine — total, 

29. Now, a joyful event occurs to the Methodists in the 
Province ; Samud CoatCf who is so favourably known to our 
readers, takes the District, and marshals under him, on seven 
circuits, nine good men and true, among whom we read one 
name new to us, but now known to fame ; this is no other 
than the then rising Martin Ruter, afterwards Doctor Kuter. 
Harris is gone, but Ansouy always acceptable, is back again. 
They report at the Conference of 1805, which is the real 
starting point of our biographic history, seventeen hundred 
and eiffhty'seven members. Henceforth, we must give fuller 





1. Wc have already passed our hero through the inferior 
grades of Exhorter and Local Preacher, [through which 
latter stage his transition must have been shoit; for he used 
to say he had but two sermons when he took the itinerant 
field,] and we have seen him recommended to the Conference 
to be received on trial for the regular ministry. The seat 
of the New York Conference for 1805, was Ashgrove, in the 
northern part of the State, near Lake Champlain, which 
had been colonized largely, in 1770, by some immigrants 
from the original New York Society, the Hecks and 
Emburys, who resided there till the breaking out of the 
Revolution, (when they removed to Canada, they being 
destined to be the planters of Methodism here as in two 
several places besides,) long before the intermediate country, 
between Ashgrove and the City, had received the teachings 
of Methodism. Thus was it long a spiritual oasis in a wide 
moral desert. It was at the period of which we write, 
(1805) Methodistically considered, so strong and important 
as to give name to a Presiding Elder's District, and to be 
able to accommodate the assembled members of a large 
Annual Conference, embracing 398 preachers in all. 

2. Thither our young candidate for the honors and 
hardships of the itinerancy, wended his way. The recom- 




mendation for his reception was favorably eutertunecl, and 
he was received od trial, with five others, one of whom, 
Rohert Perry ^ a Canadian, was destined for a time to be an 
immediate coadjutor ; but of him more anon. 

3. It seems to have been a rule with the Bishop to send 
no preacher out of the Union without his consent; but within 
it, no man was consulted about his appointment, but was 
usually in blissful ignorance of it until he heard his name 
read out at the close of the Conference — perhaps for some 
place of which he had never before heard. A call was, there- 
fore, made for volunteers for Canada, and Case offered himself, 
and was appointed to the Bay of Quinte. It was not withont 
emotion, though, that he set off for and prosecuted his journey 
to his far distant field of labour. Let his own glowing 
language, uttered fifty years afterwards before the Conference, 
in London, C. W., speak for him : — *' I b^ to relate an 
incident which occurred in my journey to this country. It 
was while travelling through the forests of the Black Rivets. 
As I was drawing near to the field of my future labor, I fdt 
more and more deeply impressed with the importance of my 
mission, and my insufficiency for preaching to a people already . 
well instructed j as yet but a boy ; only about two years since 
toy conversion ; devoid of ministerial talents as I was of a 
beard ; I feared, on account of my incompetency, that I 
should not be received in a strange land. So strong were the 
emotions of my heart that I dismounted and sat down, and 
wept and prayed. While thus weeping, these words were 
spoken to me in words that I could not misunderstand : * I 
will go before thee — will prepare the hearts of the people to 
receive thee ; and thou shalt have fathers and mothers and 
children in that land.* " Such was the trembling commence^ 
ment of an honorable and successful career. 




4. The work had so far progressed in this eonntry, since 
the period when Losee first entered it, tliat it now comprised 
eight Circuits, besides Montreal, whicii had been occupied by 
Ruter the previous year, and which, tliough not mentioned, 
it is surmised, was the residence and special charge of the 
presiding Elder during the year on which we arc now enteJS 
ing. The membership, we have seen, was seventeen hundred 
and eighty-seven. 

5. The names of the eight Circuits above mentioned, with 
the Preachers by whom they were respectively supplied were 
as follow : — 

Long Point — Luther Bishop. 

Niagara — Gkrshom Pearse. 

Tonge Street — Daniel Pickett. 

Smithes Creek — ^Thomas Madden. 

Bay (^ Quinte — Henry Ryan, Wm. Case. 

Oswegotchie — Sylvanus Keeler, Nathan Bangs 

Ottawa — Erobert Perry. 

These nine laborers were presided over by the celebrated 
Samuel Coate. Allow me to introduce the reader to each 
one of these, Mr. Case's fellow-labourers. * 

6. Mr. Coate, who stands at the head-^f the host, is the 
oldest in the work (although it is probable not the oldest 
man), having been received on trial in 1794, while he was 
immeasurably above the rest in personal appearance, natural 
eloquence, and in educational and polite accomplishments. 
He was a native of Burlington, New Jersey, of respectable 
Quaker parentage, who embraced Methodism, and were the 
first to welcome its teachers to their neighborhood. His 
appointments before he came to Canada, were Flanders, in 
the State of New York, and Albany, wEere he had been in 
charge. Then came his first four years in Canada, a period 




whiob embraced his palmiest days. Daring this time he was 
unboundedlj popular and uDcommonlj useful. He was 
evidently a very extraordinary person for such a day and 
country. He swept like a meteor over the land, and spell- 
bound the astonished gaze of the wondering new settlers. 
Nor was it astonishment alone he excited. He was the 
heaven-anointed and successful instrument of the conversion 
of hundreds. His success in the early part of his career was 
truly Whitfieldian. He had entered Canada, as we have 
seen, in 1796, where he had labored to the close of the Con- 
ference year, 1799, 1800, alternating on its two first formed 
Circuits. His stations during his time of absence from the 
Province, had been varied and respectable. In 1800 he had 
been stationed in Burlington, N. J., his native place; in 1801 
he was in charge of Philadelphia; in 1802 he w s sent to 
the city of Baltimore, the garden of Methodism, in company 
with such celebrities as Joshua Wells, Laurence McCombs, 
and Nicholas Snethen. We have seen that one year before 
our present date, that is in 1804, he had been sent back to 
Canada, where he had (^previously, I think,) formed matri- 
monial connections. A Miss Dulmage, one of the fair 
daughters of the German-Irish stock, had won his heart to 
herself, and to her country ; on which account, no doubt, he 
was the more easily persuaded to return and take charge of 
the work in this new country. This lady the writer saw 
several times ; and, although it was the afternoon of life with 
her then, he nevertheless perceived the remains of that beauty 
which in youth, alongside of her sprightly husband, justified 
the terms, "The Handsome Pair." This quotation is from 
Playter, who says of Coate, **He wore long hair, which 
flowed down on his shoulders in graceful curls." Whatever 
classical attainments he may, or may not have had, he was 
DO doubt an accomplished* English scholar. His skill in 




penmanship would be marvelous in this day — but more of 
this hereafter. Any one who reads Mr. Playter's history, 
which we by no means wish or expect to supersede, will find 
that Coate was the sound divine and skilful polemic, as well 
as the impressive preacher. The writer remembers reading 
the book in answer to the Rev. Robt. McDowell, on the 
Calvinian Controversy, and how much he was impressed with 
its acumen and force. Here we leave him for the present. 

7. The next in seniority after Coate was Sylvanits 
Keeler, although a^very dissimilar man. Hv. was converted 
and raised up into the Ministry in Canada, in Elizabeth- 
town, not many miles from where Brockville now stands. He 
bad no advantages of education in early life ; and when he 
firpt began to speak in public, it is said, be could scarcely 
read his hymn. But by private study he so far surmounted 
this defect as to become possessed of tolerable attainments in 
English. He had, moreover, endowments natural and of 
divine bestowment, which went far to counterbalance the 
defects referred to. His person was commanding and even 
handsome. His voice, for speaking at least, was excellent ; 
it was clear, melodious, and strong. The distance at which 
the old people said he could be heard was marvelous. His 
spirit and manners too were bland and engaging ; and his 
zeal and fervor in his Master's cause knew no bounds, and 
suffered no abatement to the last. 

8. He had been received on trial in 1795, ten years before 
Case entered the Province, and was that year appointed to 
the Bay of Quinte Circuit. From '96 to '99, his name dis- 
. appears from the Minutes. It may be he retired for a time 
from a sense of educational incompetency, or, more likely, 
from the ever recurring embarrassment, *' from family con- 
cerns,*' as they then phrased it; for he was encumbered 
with a domestic charge before entering the field. In 180Q 




he was receivecl again, and stationed where first appointed 
five years before, Bay of Quinte, where he remained two years. 
His former year's service counted for one in his probation, 
80 that in 1801, he was received into full connexion, the 
probation for deacon's orders being only two years. In 
1802 be was appointed to " Oswegotchie'' (which embraced 
his family residence,) " and Ottawa," with Seth Crowell and 
Nehemiab U. Tomkins for oolleagues. His Circuit must 
have extended from Gananoque to La Chute, in Lower 
Canada, a distance of about two hundred milesj and as far 
North as there were any settlements. In 1803, his Circuit 
was Niagara and Long Point — extremities, you will say, 
wide apart I Yes, and made wider still by the indescribable 
difficulties then attending travelling. In 1804, we find him 
back on his old stamping ground, which, though not so wide 
as his previous years' field of labour, was yet wide enough ; 
it extended from Kingston, on both sides of the Bay, beyond 
Belleville, to the township of Sidney. And now, in 1805, 
we find him back at Oswegotchie, disencumbered of its 
awkward appendage, Ottawa — a proof that he had ** honour 
in his own country, and among his own kin." 

9. It seems he never found it convenient to remove his 
family to any of his Circuits, besides the one in which was 
his original home. He was often three months at a time 
from his faithful, encouraging wife, and his family of small 
children. The story of their destitution, and the shifts they 
were put to, to exists in those seii^ns of destitution, might 
wring ** tears from eyes the most unused to weep." No 
woncler that his return to them was always considered as a 
jubilee. When the time of his periodical visits drew near, 
his little ones, as a son and daughter of his assured me long 
years afterwards with deep emotion, would mount the fence, 
and strsdn their eyes to catch the first glimpse of their re- 




tarniDg father, often for hours, and even days, before his 
appearance. Such was one of the men of toil and suffering 
with whom Case was henceforth to stand identified. 

10. Two brethren now present themselves, of equal years 
in the Connexion — Henry Ryan and Daniel Pickett, Ryan, 
the immediate colleague of Case, is by far the greater man of 
the two we are now to contemplate, and we will consider 
him first. The name Byan indicated a Celtic origin, and 
he was very possibly of Roman Catholic parentage. He was 
usually supposed to be an Irishman. Bishop Hedding, who 
travelled with him at an early day, calls him a ** brave Irish- 
man." He was probably young when he came to America, 
as we could never discover any Irish accent in his speech. 
He probably spent^ as appears from what is to follow, his 
youthful days in either the city of New York, or Albany. 
He was heard, by an old man of the writer's acquaintance, to 
say, that before his conversion, he was what was then called, 
a ** Stage-boxer !" this, moreover, was a current opinion. 
And we know of no man who would have been more likely 
to succeed in that infamous calling than himself, had he 
turned his attention to it, and been trained for it, such was 
his courage, agility, and strength. This made his conversion 
to a life of holiness and usefulness, all the greater triumph 
of infinite mercy and grace. We do not like to hazard an 
opinion about his height, because, men so stout as he, are 
likely to appear shorter than they really are^ He might have 
been five feet eleven— one authority says he was six feet 
He was bony and muscular, but plump and compact. His 
complexion was dark — head and face massive — forehead 
rather projecting — his nose curved a little downwards — and 
his jchin, which was a double one, vnth a dimple in the centre, 
curved upwards, towards the nose. He was very sprightly 
in his movements ; be would start to his feet, when an old 




man of sixty, and beginning to bo oorpnlent, witliont over 
putting bis bands to bis cbair. He was known in bis prime 
to tbrow ordinary sized men over tbe enclosure of tbe Camp- 
ground, wbo were found disturbing tbe order and solemnity 
of tbe services witbin. Tbere was no law for tbe protection 
of out-door worsbip in tbose days, but Byan knew bow to 
protect bimself and bis friends. 

11. Byan seems to bave resided and exercised bis gifts as \ 
a Local Preacber, in Ducbess County, wbicb lies on tbe 
east side of the Hudson, between Albany and New York, 
before be entered the itinerant work, and to bave made bim- 
self useful when secular business called bim into other parts. 
A passage from tbe auto-biography of the Rev. Tobias Spicer 
will confirm tbis .statement Mr. Spicer is speaking of a 
place in Warren County, near tbe bead waters of tbe 
Hudson Eiver. He says,-^" About tbis time,*' (this was 
before Garrettson's pioneers bad arrived there, years before 
Byan became a travelling preacher,) ** Henry Byan, a 
Methodist preacber, from Duchess County, New York, came 
*into tbe neighbourhood on business, and put up for a few 
weeks with Mr. Samuel Crane. By means of his pocket 
Bible, the family discovered be was a Methodist preacher, 
and informed Mr. Woodward that there was a Metbodist 
preacher stopping with bim. Immediately Mr. W. went 
over to see bim ; and after conversing with bim awhile, and 
learning what Methodism really was, be invited bim to 
preacb in bis bouse tbe next Sabbatb. To this Mr. Byan 
consented, and bis preaching brought new things to tbeir 
ears — tbey bad bad no otber than Calvinistic preaching 
before." A Metbodist cause in tb^t place was the immediate 
result of Mr. Ryan's visit, according to Mr. Spicer. 

12. His native energy of cbaracter, under tbe controlling 




influence of the grace of God, of which he was then, uo 
douht, largely a partaker, had won him &.me in his early 
miDistry, and pointed him out as a suitable pioneer in a new 
country. Perhaps, too, his being a native-born British sub- 
ject was another reason for his going to Canada. 

13. The five years previous to his coming here had been 
spient around Lake Champlain in the adjacent States of Ver- 
mont and New York, crossing into Lower Canada from time 
to time in the prosecution of his work, where to this day his 
labors are pleasantly remembered by some of the very oldest 
inhabitants. The first two of these five years were spent in 
the Verginnes Circuit ; the third on the Fletcher, both of these 
in Vermont ; and the fourth and fifth on the Plattsburgh, in 
New York. In two out of these three Circuits he bad remained 
two years, the longest period possible, and somewhat unusual, 
in that day, which spoke well for his acceptability and success. 
Happily for us, as to the Circuit on which he remained but 
one year, we have an account of his labors from the pen of his 
colleague, who became a Bishop in the issue. Redding says 
of Ryan, " He was in that day a very pious man, a man of 
great lo\e for the cause of Christ, and great zeal in his work as 
a minister. A man who labored as if the judgment thunders 
were to follow each sermon. He was sometimes overbearing 
in the administration of discipline; but, with this exception, 
he performed his duties in every part of his work as faithfully 
as any m n I ever knew. He was very brotherly and kind 
to me — often speaking to me in a manner calculated to urge 
me on to diligence and fidelity in the great work. When we 
met in the place of intersection in the Circuit, he would salute 
me with his favorite exhortation, * Drive on, brother I Drive 
on I Drive the devil out of the country | Drive him into the 
lake and drown him V '' The reader might feel curious to know 



2G OASE, Am 

Bometbing of tbe Circuit a» it then was travelled by tbese twj 
celebrities. We give a description from tbe pen of Dr. 
Stevens : — •* It cpmprebended all tbe State of Vermont be- 
tween tbe Oreen Moantaim and Lake ChampFain, and required 
incredible travel' and labor." More of Ryan's ebaracter and 
doings will be developed bereafter. Such was the man and 
his antecedents whom young Case was to have for his first 
Superintendent, and for several years subsequently as his 
Presiding Elder. But we turn to the man who, to use a 
' colleague's phrase (although they, alas, poor men I had never 
studied in collie halls,) was of the same ''graduating class '' 
with himself. 

14. Panixl Pickett ; as he was outside of the centra! 
Methodist body during the latter and larger part of his life, 
excepting a short interval, and exercised no very remarkable 
influence while in it, must be despatched with brevity. As 
he spent all his itinerant life in the Canada work, and settled 
in the country when out of the work, it is presumed that he 
was raised up into it in Canada. He was received on trial, as 
we have seen, in 1800, along with Ryan and some others. 
His first Circuit was the ** Grand River,'* another name for the 
Ottawa, where he travelled also in 1803. He must have been 
an acceptable preacher from the first, as the writer knows him 
to have been twenty-eight years afterwards. We can confirm 
Mr. Playter's account from persbnal knowledge, namely, that 
«* he was well spoken of thirty years after by the settlers " on 
the Ottawa. In 1801 he travelled the Bay of Quinte, as the 
assistant of Keeler ; and in 1802, Niagara, as John Robinson^s 
assistant. Again, in 1804, he travelled the Niagara, with 
Long Point attached, having Luther Bishop for his assistant. 
He is at our present date (1805) on the Tonge Street Circuit 
alone. The writer saw Mr. Pickett twenty-three years after- 




wards ; he was then middle-sized and spare, sliarp-featnred, 
aquiline-nosed, and bald-headed. He must have been keen 
and sprightly when yonng, although a slow-spoken preacher 
when we knew him. Here we leave him for the present. 

15. Our subjects seem to come in pairs. Again we have 
two men of the same year — ^received in 1802. Thej are 
now, therefore, " three years* men.** Men of similar standing 
in this day would be considered mere embryos ; but these were 
in deacon's orders, and had had those experiences which make 
men prematurely wise. These are Nathan Bangs and Thomae 
Madden. The first of these became a man of mark, and Dr. 
Stevens says, did more to advance the interests of his denomi- 
nation than any man of his day. Let us attend to this 
** bright particular star.'* 

16. Nathan Bangs was born in the Eastern States in 
1779, where he received a good New England common-school 
education, although his father failed in his project of giving 
him a classical one. Subsequently that father, who was self 
instructed, taught him the art of surveying. At the age oi 
thirteen his father and family removed to what was then a 
wilderness part of New York, somewhere on the East Branch 
of the Delaware. While there, the family were iil great dis- 
tress for a time on account of his mother and little sister 
who were lost, and spent a night in the woods. During their 
residence in that place, Nathan sometimes heard the Methodist 
preachers, who had followed up the settlers to their wilderness 
homes, and by whom all the ftimily, except the father, were 
ultimately brought into the Methodist Church. Three of his 
brothers, as well as himself, became preachers in the issue. 
For the present, Nathan repelled conviction, and provided a 
salvo for his conscience by finding subjects of sarcasm in the 
humble servants of God. Impelled by the pioneer spirit of the 




age, on the 9th of May, 1799, he Btarted for the still farther 
wilds of Caoada. He took his surveying instruments with a 
view to his exercising his profession in a country which pro- 
mised to furnish ample opportunities for its employment He 
was accompanied hj a devoted sister and her husband. Their 
way lay through the forest, and the only conveyance for the 
lady and their few effects was an ox-sled. They passed by the 
spot where Buffalo now stands, where they found only two or 
three log huts. They crossed Niagara at Fort Erie, and coasted 
downwards to the neighborhood of the great cataract. The 
poetry of his nature was fed by its ceaseless roar — the dark 
woods stretching away on every hand — and by the reading of 
Milton's Poems, Bunyan's Progress, and Hervey's Medita- 
tions, which he found in a small but well-assorted private 
library. How sweet is communion with books in the soli- 
tude of a new settlement, as some of us can well attest ; still 
he was unhappy, for he had not found the peace of Qod. Bat 
through his pious sister's exhortations, and the salutary influ- 
ence of the Bev. James Coleman's goodly character and con- 
versation, whom he found laboring in the settlement, he was 
prepared for the more mature counsels of the Bev. Joseph 
Sawyer, who succeeded him, and through whose instrumentality 
he was converted and joined the Church. Soon after, by the 
instrumentality of Christian Warner, a pious class leader, he 
entered into the possession of ^ perfect love," a state of salva- 
tion of which he never lost sight for the rest of his life. This 
occurred in 1801. And in the latter part of that Conference 
year, (1801 — 2), after some hiftnbling failures in the outset, 
he began to travel the Circuit he lived in, as an assistant to 
Mr. Sawyer. After a little experience in that way, he was sent 
by the Presiding Elder, Jewell, to develop the Long Point 
extremity of their field of labor into a separate Circuit, to 
embrace much new ground. He went there in December 




1801, where fortunately he was soon hemmed in by the 
uncrossable state of the Grand River, else he had surely fled 
under the impulses of some of his early discouragements. 
]{ut soon instructive dreams, marked conversions, and an 
extensive revival, encouraged him to hold on to the end of the 
year, by which time, he had no misgivings about allowing 
himself to be proposed to the ^Conference to be received on 
trial. There was an increase on the whole ground covered by 
the two branches of the Circuity Niagara and Long Point, of 
three hundred souls. 

17. The Conference, which sat that year in New York, 
appointed him to the ** Bay of Quinte and Home District." 
Sawyer, Vannest, and he, each went around, or over, this vast 
extent of country once in six weeks, including all the settle- 
ments in the Province from Kingston on the East, to York 
and Yon ge street on the West. T he salary of each, provided he 
received it in full, was twenty dpllars per quarter — ^just eighty 
dollars a year, to keep him in clothes, books, horse and equip- 
age ; some of his adventures must be reserved for anotlier 
place. He spent the next Conference year (1803 — 4) on the 
same ground, changing Yannest for Madden as a colleague. 
At the close of that year, he went, for the first time, to Con- 
ference, which sat in the city of New York, taking his fa- 
ther's horse in the way thither, and making the acquaintance 
of the great lights of the Connexion at that Convocation, among 
whom he was afterwards to rank as one of the greatest. He 
was received into full connexion and ordained first deacon, 
and then elder, along with his friend Madden, for ** Mission- 
ary work." Madden was only sent to Oswegotchie, Bangs 
was designated to Missionary work indeed. Ilis appointment 
was ** River La French," so culled by mistake for the 
Thames* We give the account of his labors in that new field 



30 r.ASE, AND 

in extenso from bis own pen. He speaks, however, in the third 
person, *♦ Whi'o at the Conference in New York, this year, he 
made known his desires and impressions to Bishop Asharj, 
and he appointed him to that place. F3 accordingly left the 
city in the hitter part of June, went into Canada by way of 
Kingston, thence up the country along the northwestern shore 
of Lake Ontario to Ihe Long Point Circuit, and thence on 
through Oxford to the town of Delaware on the River ThamcF. 
Ilere he lodged for the night in the last log hut of the settle- 
ment, and the next morning, as the day began to dawn, he 
arose and took his departure ; and after travelling through a 
wilderness of forty five miles, guided only by marked trees, he 
arrived at a solitary log house about sunset, weary, hungry* 
and thirsty, where he was entertained with the best the house 
could afford, which was some Indian padding and milk for 
supper, and a bundle of straw for his bed. The next dayt 
about two o'clock, he arrived at an Indian village on the North 
bank of the Thames, the inhabitants of which were under the 
instructions of two Moravian Missionaries.'' 

18. "About 3 o'clock, p. m. he arrived at the first house in 
the settlement, when the following conversation took place 
between the Missionary and a man whom be saw before the 
house. The Missionary inquired, ^ Do you want the Gospel 
preached here ? * After some deliberation, * Yes, that we do. 
Do you preach the Gospel V ' That is my occupation.' ^Alight 
from your horse, then, and come in, will you V • I have come 
a great distance to preach the Gospel to the people here — it is 
now Saturday afternoon — to-morrow is the Sabbath, and, I 
must have a house to preach in before I get off my horse.* 
After a few moments consideration he replied, << I have a 
house for you to preach in, provender for your horse, and food 
and lodging for yourself ; and you shall be welcome to them 
bU if you will dismount and come in.^ Thanking him for his 




kind offer, the Missionary dismounted and entered, saying, 

• Peace be to this house.* A young nan mounted his horse 
and rode ten miles down the river, inviting the people to attend 
meeting at that house the next morning at ten o'clock. 

19. " At the time appointed the house was filled. He gave 
them a short account of his birth and education, of liis conver- 
sion and call to the ministry, and the motives which induced 
him to come among them, and concluded in tlie following 
manner : ^ I am a Methodist Preacher, and my manner of 
worship is to stand and sing, to kneel in prayer, and then 
Htand up and preach, while the people sit on their seats. As 
many of 70a as see fit to join me in this method, you can do 
so; but if not, you can choose your own method. * When he 
gave out the hymn they all arose, every man^ woman and 
child. When he knelt in prayer, they all, without exception 
kneeled down. They then took their seats, and he gave out 
his text. ' Repent ye, therefore, and be conrerted, that your 
BIDS may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall 
come from the presence of the Lord ; ' and ho preached, as ho 
thinks, with the Holy Ghost sent down from Heaven. Having 
concluded, he explained his manner of itinerating through the 
country, his doctrine, and how supported, etc. He then said, 

• All you who wish to hear any more such preaching, stand 
up ' — when every man, woman and child stood up. He then 
told them to expect preaching there again in two weeks. 

20. "He sent on appointments through the settlements'^ 
along down the river, which he filled in a manner similar to 
that above, and was every where received with great cordial- 
ity. He proceeded down the shore of Lake St. Clair, visited 
Sandwich on the Canada side of the outlet of the lake, crossed 
over to Detroit, a most abandoned place, and preached in the 
Council-house ; thence to Fort Maiden, and down the shore of 




Lake Erie in a settlement made up of Americans, English, 
Irish, Scotch, and Butch emigrants. The people every 
where flocked together to hear the word." 

21. *' A more destitute place he had never found. Young 
people had arrived at the age of sixteen who had never heard 
a Gospel Eermon. He continued among them three months, 
when he left them for the Niagara Circuit, intending soon to 
return, but was prevented.** We shall see they were kept 
in mind. On his way downwards he slept in the ''Long 
Woods," between Moravian town and Delaware, with the snow 
two inches deep. "The remainder of the year he was retained 
on the Niagara Circuit, among his old friends. His colleague 
was the Rev. Daniel Pickett. They laboured with their might, 
and reformations followed them around the Circuit. ^ My own 
Boul,' said he, ' enjoyed nnintermpted communion with God.^ " 
This was the year which immediately preceded the one of 
which we are now specially writing (1805). 

22. Tnos. Madden, the coeval of the last mentioned, " was 
born in Cambridge, N. Y., in 1780,'* so that he was but one 
year younger than Bangs. **In 1789, his father and family 
emigrated to Earnestown, U. C. In the seventeenth year of 
his age, he visited his friends in Cambridge," where he was 
born, a great place for Methodism ever since the Palatines 
halted there, as we Lave seen. While there he was awakened 
and converted, and returned to Canada happy in mind and 
deeply pious. For several years he exercised his gifts as 
an exhorter, and afterwards as a local preacher till 1802, 
when, as we have already learned, " he was admitted on trial 
in the New York Conference.'' His first Circuit was Long 
PoiLt, opened and organized the year before by his friend 
Bai)2s. At the Conference of 1803, he had a favorable 
change, and was sent back among his highly respectable con- 




nezions on the Bay Circuit. At the end of that year, he 
received the double ordioalioD* and was put in charge of Oswe- 
gotchie. Smithes Creek gives name to a new Circuit in 1805» 
the year of Case's arrival, and Madden, who was thencefor- 
ward to be bis faiit friend through lile, was placed thereon* 
He was then strong and somewhat boisterous. He will cross 
our path again, and we shall find him much improved as a 

23. Ilcre comes another pair of laborers, Pearse and Bishop^ 
who are of equal standing with each other, both having been 
received on trial at the Conference of 1803 ; and, by conse- 
quence, each having travelled at our present date (1805) but 
two years. We take then\ in tlie order in which we have 
meniioned their names. 

24. As the obituary notice of Qbbsham Pearse has not 
yet come into our hands, we cannot state with certainty his 
birth-place; it is presumed, howoyer, from his returning to 
labor in the vicinity of New York, and his continuing in con- 
neiioii with the original New York Conlerence, until he super- 
annuated within its bound-s that somewhere thereabouts was 
his native home, lie was, as we have seen, taken into the 
Work in 1803. His Circuit for that year was Plattsburgh, as 
the assistant of the energetic Bjau. In 1804*, he assisted 
Samuel Draper on the Fletcher Ciicuit, in the interior of 
Vermont. His colleague's name will occur again in the course 
of this work. These two Circuits aflforded him all the expe- 
rience he had had of the itinerant work, when he was appointed 
in the year of which we write (1805) to the Niagara Circuit 
alone. The only information of the character and calibre of 
the man in that day, is derived from a few incidental allusions 
made in conversation with the writer by the old people who 
remembered him. From these, we should take it, be was 





Strong^ dnving, somewhat stern and positive, but really very 
eoDsdentioos and faithftd. That he was a reliable man^ 
i^^pears from the way in which he held on in the work, as 
ttbown by the Minntes. But, from the same sonroe, we learn 
that he never rose higher than the ** charge of a Circait.'' His 
iWlities were probably the average for his time ; but we give 
place to his coeval. 

25. LuTHSB Bishop b^n his work in Canada, bnt 
whence he came we hare not the means of knowing. His 
Circuit in 1803, the year he was received on trial, was 
Oswegotcbie^ where he laboured as the assistant of the 
devoted Vannest. Next year, 1804, he was Pickett's 
assistant, in the Niagara and Long Point Circuit. This 
year, 1805, we have him working up the Long Point Circuit 
alone. As he stays in the Province another year after this, 
he may come in sight again. For the present we can give 
only slender memorials of him. If the writer's recoUections ' 
of what the old people told him of Bishop are not at fault, 
he was middling sized, but plump, a passable preacher, and 
a prudent, sensible, well-behaved young man. 

26. Robert Pebbt, the last of Case's nine compeers, 
was certaioly not the least, corporeally at any rate; for he 
was like all the Perry brothers, of whom there were several, 
compact, heavy, and wiry. A certain bluffness of manners 
corresponded with his looks. We have said he was a Cana- 
dian. The Perrys lived in the Bay of Quinte country ; 
were U. E. Loyalists ; and very respectable. Peter, called 
by his opponents, from his tenacity of purpose^ '' the political 
tmll-dog," was long an indefatigable and influential member 
of the L^dative Assembly on the Liberal side ; the Hon. 
Ebeneser Perry, alive at this writing, and member of the 
Legislative Council, was also a brother of Robert. "The 




fiimily early espcrased the catxse of Metliodism, and two otiMir 
of tlie brothers at least were pveaehers in the local ranks-^ 
Daniel and David. And it most not be forgotten tbat the 
great, good mother of the Aylesworths was their sister. A 
son of Daniel is at this present tinie a Local Preacher in 
the Wesleyan Churchy and a man of intelligenoe and 
infiiience. We have seen Robert was only recated on tria^ 
in the travelHng ministry this year, 1805. They are testing 
him pretty well in sending him across the fifty^miles* woodn 
in the '^ Glengarry Coantry/' to the far-off Ottawa. But 
he is not likely to be easily scared or soon fatigued ; and 
the homily analogies which mark his sermons are likely to 
make his preaching hearable, and suited to the tastes and 
wants of the times. 

27. Haying considered Case's coadjutors in the ''active 
work," we must bestow some attention on those who had 
had their day of activity before his arrival, and were now 
in a located sphere. Men of this class were relatively far 
more important then than now. They mostly retired while 
yet in their prime; they then labored more than men in 
the same position do now, as their services were needed and 
appreciated more than in our time, and that for a good reason. 
They did not usually leave the work for worldly-mindedness, 
but necessity. They were under location through weakness 
of body, and family concerns. The CircultiE were then so 
laborious that none but the most vigorous men, physically, 
could serve them ; and when their families became large' 
they could not well be transported in their long moves with 
their defective modes of conveyance, and there was not 
sufficient support when their fields of labour were reached. 
As, therefore, there was no provision f<9r the men when worn 
out, there was no alternative for them but to hide themselves 
from the foreseen evIL The settlement of these gifted and 



36 CASE, Am 

experienced men in any locality was hailed as a blessing to 
the vidnitj, and so it usually proved. There were two of 
these men in the Upper Province when Case entered it, both 
of whom had been Presiding Elders, and each of whom 
exercised more or less influeuce for many years in a local 
sphere. These were Dunham and Eobinson, (as his name 
, was spelled in the Minutes, although Robertson, his descend- 
ants say, is the true spelling.) These have been^ noticed 
before, but in order to bring out all we wish to present must 
be considered more' at length, as also such of their compeers 
as are not portrayed in any other connection. 

28. ** Darius Dunham," we quote now from Playter, 
'* was brought up to the study of physic, which he laid aside 
for the labor of the Gospel. He was taken on trial in 1788, 
one year before Losee, and stationed alone on the Shoreham 
Circuit, under Freeborn Garrettson. Shoreham was not a 
Circuit, but to be made one. A common way of appointing at 
this period, was to station a preacher in a tract of country, 
and to tell him to make a Circuit in it. As to worldly sup- 
port, he must trust in the same arm that administered 
spiritual blessings. The next year Dunham was stationed 
on Cambridge Circuit In 1790 he was made a deacon, and 
remained on the same Circuit. It had obtained a hundred 
and forty-six members the first year, but in the second it 
lessened a little. In 1791, his station was Columbia ; still 
in the north. In 1792, he was made elder. Hearing 
Losee's account of the work in Canada, and the necessity of 
an elder to organize the Church, and give the Sacraments, 
he was moved to offer for the work, and was sent to the 
Bay of Quintc. H^ was a man of strong mind, firm in his 
opinions, and had the greatest bass voice ever before heard 
by the people, He was quite indifferent to the censure of 




men, and used the greatest of faithfulness in preaching to 
the ungodly. He had the practical supervision of the whole 
work in one form or another, for seven years, when he was 
superseded hy Jewell. Daring this time the membership 
rose from 165 to 866. His specific appointments^uring 
that period were Cataraqui, Niagara, and the Bay of Quinte ; 
and subsequently Oswegotchie. In 1800, he is returned as 
*< under location/' He settled near Napanee. 

29. He was possessed of good talents as a preacher, though 
plun of speech and very blunt. This characteristic, among 
those who disliked his plain dealing, obtained for him the 
tohriquet of "Scolding Dunham." But his " scolding," as it 
was callecl, was always accompanied with a spice of wit that 
rather made it agreeable than otherwise. Many of his home- 
strokes have been recited. He was remembered, among other 
things, for his love of cleanliness and opposition to domestic 
filthiness— sometimes telling the slatternly to "clean up," or 
the next time he would " bring a dish-cloth along." Once in 
the neighbourhood of the "Head of the Lake," after preaching 
and meeting class, as there were several strangers present, he 
gave an offer to " any who wished to join the Society, to mani- 
fest it by standing up," as was the custom then. Two young 
women were observed sitting together — one appeared desirous 
of joining, but seemed to wish her companion to do the same, 
and asked her, loud enough to be heard by the company, if she 
would join also. Her friend replied in a somewhat heartless 
manner, "I don't care if I do." "You had better wait till 
you do care,^^ chimed in the gram voice of Dunham. He 
was for having none, " even on trial," who had not a sincere 
" desire to flee from the wrath to come, and to be saved from 
their sins." But it is in the Bay of Quinte country, where 
he lived so long, both before and after location, that the great- 



88 OASfi, AND 

est nnmber of characteristic anecdotes are related of him. His 
reply to the newly-appointed magistrate's haotering remarks 
is widely reported. A new-made " Squire," rallied Danham 
before some company about riding so fine a horse, and told him 
he was very unlike bis bumble Master, who was content to ride 
on an ass. The preacher responded with his usual imperturb- 
able gravity, and in his usual heavy and measured tones, that 
he agreed with him perfectly, and that he would most assuredly 
imitate his Master in that particular but for the difficulty of 
finding the animal required — the « government having made 
up all the asses into magistrates!'' A person of the author's 
acquaintance informed him that he saw an infidel, who was a 
fallen Lutheran clergyman, endeavouring one night while 
Dunham was preaching, to destroy the effect of the sermon by 
turning the whole into ridicule. The preacher affected not to 
notice him, but went on extolling the excellency of Christianity 
and showing the formidable opposition it had confronted and 
overcome, when all at once he turned to where the scoffer sat, 
and fixing his eyes upon him, the old gentleman continued, 
^ Shall Christianity and her votaries, after having passed 
through fire and water, after vanquishing the opposition put 
forth by philosophers, priests, and kings — after all this, I say 
shall the servants of Ood, at this time of day, allow themselves 
to be frightened hy the braying of AN ASS {" The infidel, 
who had begun to show signs of uneasiness from the time the 
fearless servant of Ood fixed his terribly searching gaze upon 
him, when he came to the climax of his interrogations, was 
completely broken down, and dropped his head in confusion. 

30. Danham was distinguished for fidelity, and faith, and 
prayer, as well as wit and sarcasm. A pious man informed the 
writer, that a relation of his own, who first lost her piety and 
tiien her reason, was visited by Danham and pronounced by 




him to be "possessed of the DevilJ^ He kneeled down in front 
of ber, and, althongh sbe blasphemed and spit in his face till 
the spittle ran down on the floor, never flinched, but went on 
praying and exorcising by turns — shaming the devil for get- 
ting into the weaker ressel, and comrnanding him to get out 
of her, till she became subdued, fell on her knees, b^an to 
pray and wrestle with God for mercy, and never rose till she 
got up from her knees in the possession of her reason, and 
rejoicing in the light of God's countenance. The narrator 
was a truly good man, a class-leader, the late William Koss, of 
Belleville, and we give the incident as we received it from him, 
without presuming to pronounce on the precise psycologioal 
dii^nosis of the case. 

31. It was natural in a day like the one of which we 
write for people to ascribe to Satanic inflaence, what we 
should now ascribe to natural causes. I shall not decide 
which procedure is the wiser. An instance of such 
demoniacal influence, followed by a supposed dispossession 
at the command of Dunham, was related to the writer by 
an elderly, pious man, who said the story was authentic 
In a country neighborhood, where our subject used to preach, 
he had been disturbed several successive times by the crying 
of an infant at a particular stage of the service, whidi 
resulted in the disturbance of the congregation, and the 
marring of the effect of the discourse. Its recurrence in 
the same way so often, and with the same injurious effect, 
convinced the preacher it was of the Devil, who, he thought,| 
had taken possesbion of the child for the purpose of destroy- 
ing the beneflcial tendency of his ministry, and his soul was 
aroused to withstand him in the name of the Lord. Accord- 
ingly, the next time it occurred, he advanced towards the 
child, lying in his mother's arms, and rebuked the Devil in 
itf and commanded him to come out; and, as the story 




ruDS, the child ceased to orj, and never disturbed the con- 
gr^atioQ more. 

32. He had once a providential escape from death. He 
had aroused the hatred of an ungodly man, by being the 
instrument of his wife's saving conversion to God. The 
husband came to the house one morning where Dunham had 
lodged over night, and inquired for him before he was up. 
Being hastily summoned, the preacher made his appearance 
only partially dressed, when the infuriated man made 
towards him armed with an axe, and would have slain him 
had it not been for the prompt and vigorous intervention of 
the man and woman of the house, who succeeded in dis- 
arming the assailant. Dunham's calmness and Christian 
fidelity, with the blessing of God, moreover, brought the 
man to reason, and penitence, and prayer at once, and issued 
in his conversion. His wife was no longer persecuted^ and 
his house became **a lodging place for way-faring men.*' 
Thb narrative the writer had from Mr. Jacob Peterson, a 
son-in-law of Mr. Dunham. 

33. Before we close with Mr Dunham for the present, we 
must briefly present three of his subordinates during the time 
of his presiding eldership in the Province, as our object is to 
preserve in some form a memorial of each Methodist preacher 
who had laboured in Canada from the rise of the cause of 
Methodism, down to the period of Case's death. We give 
those who occupied a secondary place before Case's time within 
brackets for the sake of distinction. The three men referred 
to were Coleman, Wodsey, and H. C. Wooster. 

34. [*^ James Coleman,'* we quote from his obituary in the 
Minutes, ''was bom in Black-Eiver township, N. J., on the 
30th of October, 1766. His parents were members of the ^ 
Presbyterian Church. In 1777 they removed over the 




Alleghany Mountains, and settled on the Monongahela. 
Here they were destitute of the means of grace, and James 
grew up in ignorance and sin ; his religious opinions, accord- 
ing to his own account, consisting mainly in some vague 
notions of the providence of God. About the close of the 
Bevolutionary war, the Gospel was brought to those frontier 
settlements by the Methodist ministry, and the subject of 
this notice became a regular hearer. He at once ' received the 
word with joy,' but wheh persecution came, * the blade of 

promise withered away, for it had no depth of earth.' 

35. *' He now persuaded himself that he was one of God's 
elect children ; grew careless, and fell into habits of dissipa- 
tion. While in this fearful state, he was visited by a severe 
sickness, which, doubtless, was blessed to his good ; for soon 
after his recovery, he sought and obtained pardon, and united 
himself with the Methodist Episcopal Church. Moved with 
compassion for the souls of his fellow men, he asked and 
received license as an exhorter. He was about this time 
drafted to serve in the war with the Indians, but under a full 
conviction that God had called him to engage in another and 
better warfare, he refused to comply, and in the mean time, 
was licensed to preach. He informed the Captain of the fact^ 
who replied, * If you want to preach, you may go and preach 
in the army j ' and subsequently sent an officer with two or 
three men to seize him. They found- him preaching, and 

^ having beard him through, they went away, molesting him jio 
' further." 

36. In 1791, he entered the itinerant ranks, and was 
appointed to Redstone Circuit, somewhere to the West. The 
next year he was fetched North-eastward and stationed on 
the Litchfield Circuit, in the New York District. The fol- 
lowing year he was sent a Missionary still further north^ to 




Fairfield : and ia 1794, to endure as a Missionary the 
hyperborian winters of Canada itself. He entered the country 
in company with Woolsey and a young Canadian who was 
returning from the United States, and who served as their 
guide in first ascending the Mohawk River to Fort Stanwix, 
where by a short portage they entered Wood Creek which 
flows into Oneida Lake, which in turn discharges its waters 
by the Onondaga River into Lake Ontario, which they 
entered where Oswego now stands,* and then coasted along its 
shore and crossed to Kingston. That young man was John 
Baily of Monlinette, who entertained the writer with the 
particulars of that journey forty years afterwards at bis fire- 
side, when he had become known among his neighbors as 
*' Father Baily. " Once or twice they were sheltered and fed 
in Oovemment forts, or ** block houses ;'' but the Minutes say 
** they went ashore fifleen nights in succession, and built fires 
to keep away the wild beasts ; and food failing they were 
reduced to a single cracker per day each. Tlie ** Upper 
Canada Upper Circuit " was Coleman's appointment this 
year. The next year it was the Oswegotchie, a new name for 
the lower Circuit. The next, (1797) was tl.e }ear when none 
of their appointments appear in the Minutes. Ho turns up 
the next year (1798) on the Niagara Circuit, of which he had 
charge, with Michael Coate for his assistant. The next year 
he was there alone, during which time, he performed the in- 
calculable benefit to the Church of giving the first impetus in 
the right dirf'ction to the afterwards celebrated Nathan 
Bangs. That was his last year in the country. He went out 
of it by passing down the north shore of Ontario. There 
was then nothing but a bridle path through the woods, be- 
tween the now cities of Hamilton and Toronto. He was 
accompanied half the way by a young man, afterwards known 
as James Gage, Esquire, (and a good friend of Methodism,) 




as Mr. G. afterwards informed the writer. They left Mr. 
Gagfe's father*s house at Stoney Creek that morning with food 
for themselves, and oats for their horses to answer for two 
days. Night overtook them half way to York, which then 
could not have had more than twenty families ; they tied 
their horses, ate their cold supper, prayed and went to rest 
on the ground ; in the morning, they arose early, lunched and 
prayed again, commending each other to the keeping of Jeho« 
vah ; and giving each other a farewell embrace, they parted 
never more to meet each other on earth. Gage returned to 
prove himself the friend of Methodism till death, and Coleman 
went on his solitary way, down through the Bay Quinte 
country back to his native land to serve in the itinerant work 
till his death. 

37. The following character of him, given in the Minutes, is 
confirmed by all the recollections of him in Canada. ** Such 
was his zeal for the glory of Qod, and such his love for the 
souls of men, that no privations or difficulties could arrest his 
progress, or even damp his ardour. Though his abilities were 
not great, and his acquirements but limited, yet such was the 
peculiar unction that attended his prayers, so tender his love, 
that no inconsiderable measure of success crowned his eiforts; 
and it is confidently believed that the crown upon his head 
will not be without many stars, and some, too, of the first 

38. He returned, and laboured within the bounds of the 
New York Conference till 1824, when he became superannu- 
ated, in which relation he remained for the rest of life. In 
the year thirty-one he returned, and paid a visit to his old 
friends in the Bay of Quinte country, with which they were 
highly pleased. The simplicity and unction of his minis- 
trations in the town of Kingston, the writer remembers to 




have known intelligent persons speak of with fond delight. The 
old gentleman thought proper to tell them, what they raigh^iare 
surmised without telling, namely, ** that he ncvi.r vras a great 
preacher. " 

39. His brethren say of him in conclusion, ** It is almost 
needless to observe, that in all the relations of life he exhibited 
the most kindly dispositions, and the most exemplary con- 
duct; and that his end was peaceful and triumphant. Having 
been for several years on the superannuated list, and gradual- 
ly failing in strength, he at length expired on the 5th of 
February, 1842^ at his residence in Ridgefield, Fairfield 
County, Connecticut, in the seventy-seventh year of his age." 
This is the first of the Canadian pioneers whom we have 
followed across the Jordan of death. We shall have the 
pleasure of seeing that many others passed through its icy 
waters as triumphant, and ** gained the sweet fields on the 
banks d* the River. " 

4Q. [Elija Woolsey, who came in with Coleman in 1794, 
and served with him under Dunham, is remembered as a bland, 
lively young man, with perhaps as much piety as his friend, 
and, we should think, rather more geniality. The only 
incident the writer remembers illustrative of his character was 
this : He arrived one afternoon from the West, at the home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Wright, in the front of Williamsburg, near 
the Rapid Plat, a short time before the hour appointed for 
preaching, weary and hungry — the old lady showed him into 
the buttery and set a lunch before him. Stopping rather long, 
his hostess put in her head and found bim still eating with a 
zest, ** Brother Woolsey, the house is full of peopld, '' said 
she. ** I will be out and at them in a minute, " was his 
lively but energetic reply. And our informant said that sure 
enough he " went at theiu " with a will, and with good and 
saving effect. 




4«1. This ** Lower Circuit " was his first in Canada ; the 
Bay of Qninte, with Keeler as his assistant, was his second and 
last The children and grand-children of those to whom he 
ministered, and who were wont to speak in affectionate terms 
fef the young stranger, whose stay was only too short, will he 
inclined to ask, — Whence did he come ? Whither did he go ? 
To what status did he rise ? The most of these very natural 
inquiries we are glad to have it in our power to answer. He 
came here from the Camhridge Circuit, N. Y., which he bad 
travelled the year before (1^93.) ** In 1796, he returned, and 
entering New England, he travelled Redding Circuit, Con. 
He located the next year, but in 1800 resumed his minis- 
terial travels on Newburg Circuit, N. Y. The two following 
years he spent on Flanders Circuit, N. J. In 1803, he was 
appointed Presiding Elder of Albany District, which he con- 
tinued to superintend till 1807, when he was stationed at 
Brooklyn. The next year he travelled Croton Circuit, and 
in 1809, returned to New England and labored on Pitsfiold 
Circuit, Mass. The three ensuing years he spent in N. York, 
on Duchess Circuit, and on the Rhinebeck District — one year 
on the latter. He returned to New England in 1813, and 
travelled respectively, Middletown, Stratford, and Redding 
Circuits, in Connecticut. The next eight years he laboured 
on Duchess, Courtlandt, Newburg, Croton, and New Rochelle 
Circuits, in New York. In 1824, he was again in New Eng- 
land, travelling the Redding Circuit. He continued thrre 
two years, the last that he spent in the Eastern States. In 
182H he had charge of Rochelle Circuit, N. Y. He preached 
as a Supernumerary nine years more, — five on Courtlandt 
Circuit and four on the New Rochelle ; and in 1838 was 
returned on the roll of superannuated veterans. His itinerant 
ministry 'extended through forty-four laborious years. " — So 
says Dr. Stevens, in his ** Memorials of Methodism.*' At 




that time of writing (1848) he says of him, ** Venerable with 
age and virtues, Mr. Woolsey still lingers in the Church, a 
beloved remnant of the *^ noble army" of itinerants who 
founded American Methodism. " 

42. Eager to see what had become of him, we opened our 
book-case to consult the General Minutes, when we found that 
the IVth volume was missing. The earliest after 1848 
that we have is '52, where we searched in vain for Woolsey ; . 
but we found a Mrs. Woolsey, a minister's widow, charged 
with 96 dollars in connection with the New York East Con- 
ference ; the relict, no doubt, of the deceased pioneer. He, 
therefore, passed away sometime between *48 and '52, and died 
in connection with the Conference. The Bev. Dr. Fitch 
Reed says " he died in 1849, aged 78 years. " 

43. Thus we see after leaving us he married, rose at times 
to the Presiding Eldership, receiving the charge on some of 
the best Circuits, was (as the Minutes show) Superintendent 
over many of the strongest men in a Conference of strong 
men, and stood by the 6ause till the last. Such was the 
career of Elija Woolsey. 

44. There was yet another of Dunham's subordinates who 
had labored in, and left Canada before the time of Case's 
coming, who cannot be conveniently described in any other 
connection, and who must by no means be overlooked : this 
one is no less a person than the devoted and soul-saving 
Hezekiah Calvin Wooster. 

45. [** Calvin Wooster, as he was usually spoken of in 
Canada, was, according to his own memoranda — found among 
his papers after his death — ** Bom, May 20th, 1771; convinced 
of sin, October 9th, 1791 ; born again, December 1st, 1791 ; 
and sanctified, February 6th, 1792. " 




46. The Rev. Dr. Stevens says, " It was no small honor 
to New England that Hezekiah Calvin Wooster began hii 
powerful, though brief ministry, within its limits. His first 
appearance on the roll of the Itinerant host was the present 
year (1793-4,) when be was appointed to the Grandville Cir- 
cuit, Mass. He began his labors professing and enjoying the 
blessing of that perfect love that caste th oat fear, and his 
^; short, but useful career, was attended with demonstrations of 
the consecration of his entire character. After laboring in 
1794-5 on Elizabeth Town, (N. J.,) and Columbia, (N. Y.,) 
Circuits, respectively, he volunteered with Samuel Coate, to 
join James Coleman and Darius Dunham, in the new and 
laborious field of Upper Canada. His trials there were great. 
Daring three weeks, on his way, he lodged every night under 
the trees of the forests. He passed through the wilderness 
of that remote r^ion like a ** flame of fire ; *' the long-neglect- 
ed and impenitent settlers trembled under his word, while the 
few and scattered saints shouted for joy. " Such, " says the 
Historian of Methodism (Dr. Bangs) " was the holy fervor 
of bis soul, his deep devotion to God, his burning love for the 
souls of his fellow-men, that he was the happy instrument of 
kindling up such a fire in the hearts of the people wherever he 
went, particularly in Upper Canada, that all the waters of 
strife have not been able to quench it." He was appointed to 
the Oswegotchie Circuit, 1796, but entered the country by the 
way of Kingston. He made his first appearance at a Quarter- 
ly Meeting in the Bay of Quinte Circuit. ** After preaching on 
Saturday, " says Dr. Bangs, ** while the Presiding Elder 
(Darius Dunham) retired with the official brethren to hold 
the Quarterly Meeting Conference, brother Wooster remained 
in the meeting to pray with some who were under awakening, 
and others who \Tere groaning for full redemption in the 
blood of Christ. While uniting with his brethren in this 




exercise the power of the Most High seemed to oversnaaow 
the congregation, and many were filled with joy unspeakable, 
and were praising the Lord aloud for what be had done for 
their bouIs; while others ' with speechless awe, and silent love/ 
were prostrated on the floor. When the Presiding Elder 
came into the house, he beheld these things with a mixture 
of wonder and indignation, believing that '* wild fire '* was 
burning among the people. After gazing for a time with | 
ailent astonishment, he knelt down and began to pray to God 
to stop the '< raging of the wild-fire," as he had called it. In 
the meantime Wooster, whose soul was burning with the fire 
ot* the Holy Spirit, knelt by the side of Brother Dunham, 
and softly whispered out a prayer in the following words : 
<< Lord, bless brother Duaham ; Lord, bless brother Dunham. '' 
Thus they continued for some minutes^ when at length the 
prayers of Wooster prevailed, and Dunham fell prostrate on 
the floor — and ere he rose, received a baptism of that very 
fire which he had so feelingly deprecated. There was now 
harmony in their prayers, feelings, and views ; and this was 
the commencement of a revival of religion which soon spread 
through the entire province. '* " The other preachers caught 
the flame of divine love, and were carried forward under its 
sacred impulses in their Master's work. " 

47. Of his piety and devotion the old people were never 
weary of speaking in terms of the most glowing admiration. 
Indeed, his devotion to God and the work of saving souls was 
above all praise. He had got his soul deeply imbued with 
GkKl's sanctifying Spirit, and retained it by maintaining a 
spirit of watchfulness and communion with the Unseen. His 
every breath was prayer. An old lady who entertained him, 
(Mrs. Wright, of Rapid Plat) informed the writer, that on his 
arrival he would ask the privilege of going up to the loft of 




their one storied, log building, whicli was the only place of 
retirement it afforded, and to which he had to mount up by 
means of a ladder. There he would remain in prayer till the 
settlers assembled £ot preaching when he would descend, like 
Moses from the mounts with a face radiant with holy comfort 
And truly his preaching was ** with the Holy Ghost sent down 
from heaven. '' It was not boisterous, but solemn, spiritual, 
powerful^it was the fire which melts the rock. God honored 
the man who honored Him. He was the instrument of a 
revival characterized by depth and comprehensiveness ; it em- 
braced sanctification as well as jusdfication. Under his word 
the people fell like men slain in battl^. This was the 
case when he became so exhausted that he could preach and 
pray no longer : or his voice was drowned with the cries of the 
people. He would, with a radiant countenance and up-turned 
eye, bring his hands together, and say in a loud whisper, 
" Smite them, my Lord ; my Lord, smite them. " And smite 
them He did ; for '* the slain of the Lord were many. " This 
is said to have been the case even when his voice and lungs 
were so enfeebled with consumption that he had to employ, 
(as be used to do) an interpreter to announce to the congre- 
gation his whispered sermons. 

48. We get a glimpse of him in his homeward journey from 
the Journal of that eccentric, but honest man, Lorenzo Dow, 
He says, '* When I was in the Orangid Circuit; I felt something 
that needed to be done away. Timothy Dewey told me about 
Calvin Wooster, in Upper Canada, ^t he enjoyed the blesnng 
of sanctification, and had a miracle wVou^t in his body in 
some sense ; the course of nature tuvned in consequence, and he 
was mudi owned and blessed of God in his mimsterial labors. 
I felt a great desire arise in my heart to^ see the man, if it 
might be consistent with the Divine will \ and not long af^er I 




heard that he was pasaDg throngh the Circuit and goiDg home 
to die. I immediately rode five miles to the house ; hut found 
he was gone another five miles further. I went into the room, 
where he was asleep j he appeared to me more like one from 
the eternal world than like one of my fellow mortals. I told 
him» when he awoke, who I wa& and what I had come for. He 
said, God has convicted you for the blessing of sanctification, 
and that blessing is to be obtained by the single act of ^th, 
the same as the blessing of justification. I persuaded him to 
continue in the neighborhood for a few days ; and a couple of 
evenings after the above, after I had done speaking, he spoke, 
or rather whispered, an exhortation, as his voice was so broken 
by praying in the stir in Upper Canada, where from twenty 
to thirty were frequently blessed in a meeting. At this time 
he was in a consumption, and a few weeks afterwards expired ; 
and while whispering out the above exhortation, the power 
that attended the same reached the hearts of the people ; 
and some who were standing and sitting fell like men that 
were shot in the field of battle ; and I felt it like a tremour run 
through my soul, and every vein, so that it took away my 
)imbs' power, so that I fell to the floor, &c. He came to me 
and said, '* the blessing is now. '' No sooner had the words 
dropped from his lips, than I strove to believe the blessing 
mine now, then the burden dropped from my breast, and a 
solid joy and a gentle running peace filled my soul. " So 
puch from Lorenzo. 

49. The Minutes say of Wooster, *' He was a man of zeal, 
grace, and understanding, but of a slender habit of body, 
which could not endure all the hafdships of travelling and 
exertions in preaching to which his zeal, attended by a great 
revival, exposed him. '' His labors in Canada, in the Confer- 
ence years 1?96'7 and 1797-8. expended his little residue of 




strength and completed his ministerial work. Some suffering 
work was yet reserved for him. We fail to trace him in the 
Minutes for 1798-9. He had dragged his enfeebled body 
l)ack to the parental home to die. He arrived in the month 
of June, '98, and lingered till November the 6th, '^ and then 
died, " says his father, ** strong in the faith and love of Jesus. '' 
** He was," sajs he, '* an example of patience and resignation 
to the will of God in all his sickness. When I thought he was 
almost done I asked him if his confidence was still strong in 
the Lord. He answered, ** Yes, strong ! strong 1 " A short 
time before his death, when his strength failed fast, he said, 
the nearer he drew to eternity, the brighter heaven shined upon 
him. »' 

50, Such a death must have been consoling to the parents 
who had given up a son to a work which brought him to a 
premature grave ; and the account of it will please and cheer 
on in the way of life the few remaining pilgrims who had any 
knowledge of Wooster until they cross the Jordan of death and 
hail him in the skies. 

** Saw ye not the wheels of fire, 

And the steeds that cleft the wind? 
Saw ye not his soul aspire, 

When h<s mantle dropt behind ? 
" Te that caught it as it fell. 

Bind that mantle round your breast ; 
DO in you his meekness dwell. 
So on you his spirit rest. " 

61. We must preserve the memory of another holy man, 
who labored one year in Canada cotemporary with Dunham, 
through whom he stands connected with Case. We give his 
biography as contained in the Minutes : — 

52. f " Michael Coatb, was born in 1767, in Burlington 
County, State of New Jersey. His parents were brouojht up 




iQ the persuasion of the people called Quakers ; but became 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and were the 
first in that neighbourhood wha received the Methodist 
priBacherB. When but a youth Michael was wrought updn by 
the Spirit of God, which only pi^^^d as the morning cloud and 
early dew» which paisseth qtiiekly away, until his brother 
Sanmel commenced preachings who was made an instrument 
under &od,of |»*dd^n^ that pungent contiction which even- 
tually terminated in his conversion* to God, in the very night 
of which he began to elhort, and from that time continued to 
speak in public, which was in the Spring of the year 1794. 
In ll^b, he was admitted on trial as a Iravetling preacher, 
and appointed to Columbia Circuit, in the state of New York, 
on which he continued in 1796. Middletown, in Connecti- 
ofut in 1797 ; in 1798, at the solicitation of his brother 
Samuelj he iomt a missionary to Canada, and travelled 
Niagara Circuit, " (According to the custom of the times, 
he was changed during the year to the lower part of the 
country ; as he was well remembered many years afterwards, 
for his ministerial propriety and faithful labors, on the shores 
of the Bay of Quinte and the banks of the St Lawrence.) *' In 
1799 he was ordained elder, and appointed to the City of 
New York ; •1800, Pitsfield and Whitingham, in Massachu- 
setts ; in 1801, New York City ; in 1802, New London Circuit, 
in Connecticut ; 1803 and 1804, New York city, in which 
year he married Mrs. Mehetabel Briggs ; in 1805 and 1806, 
Philadelphia ; 1807 and 1808, Baltimore ; 1809, Philadelphia ; 
1810, Burlington Circuit ; in 1811, 1812, 1813, and 1814, he 
was Presiding Elder of the West Jersey District. Our beloved 
brother Coate, as a man, was possessed of a strong mind and 
sound judgment ; as a Christian, he was much devoted to God, 
aerious, weighty, and solemn in all his carriage. Nothing was 




more manifest in his character than his meekness and lowli* 
ness. In the varions important stations which he filled, he 
ever manifested the same humility of mind ; no air of self- 
importance appeared in any part of his deportment. As a 
Christian Minister, he was lively, zealous, and energetic ; he 
appeared always to have a deep sense of the infinite value of 
immortal souls, which led him to use his utmost exertion to 
save them from the wrath to come. He was an excellent 
experimental and practical preacher, and as such was very 
useful. With the utmost propriety it may be said of him, 
that bis praise was in all the churdies I 

53. " At the first Quarterly Meeting for Burlington Circuit, 
in 1814, held at the City of Burlington, he preached on the 
Sabbath with great animation, acceptability, and usefulness, to 
a large concourse of people, on the subject of eternal glory. 
He chose for his text. Rev. vii. 9 : * And after this I beheld, 
and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all 
kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, 
and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in 
their hands.' While preaching, he was favoured with a pleas- 
ing prospect of that glory, and seemed to anticipate the joys 
of eternity. This was the last time he preached. 

54. *^ On the ensuing Monday, he was taken ill, and con- 
tinued ill until the Lord said, * It is enough, cf»me up hither,' 
which was about five weeks from his first illness. His afflic- 
tion was extremely severe ; but he patiently suffered the will 
of God in his sickness, as he had cheerfully done it in his 
health ; yet he observed to some of his friends, that it is 
easier to do than to suffer the will of God. In the commence- 
ment of his illness, Satan thrust sore at him, and his conflict 
was inexpressibly great ; under these severe exercises of mind, 
he mentioned the twenty third chapter of Job, a portion of 



54* CASE, AND 

Scripture admirably suited to his case, which he requested to 
he read to him ; during the reading of which the power of God 
filled the place, and bis soul was abundantly comforted. Some 
time after this, in a storm of raiu at night, while the thunders 
were roaring in the heavens above, and the vivid lightnings 
flashed most awfully, his soul was filled with rapture, and he 
shouted aloud the praises of. God, declaring that the peals of 
thunder sounded sweeter thau the most melodious music. 
After this his soul was more tranquil, and he viewed death in 
his solemn approach, with the utmost composure, and with the 
great apostle knew he had ' fought a good fight, and finished 
his course, and kept the faith, and that henceforth there was 
laid up for him the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, ' 
the righteous Judge, stood ready to give him.' And on the 
first day of August, 1814, he took his solemn exit to a world 
of spirits." 

55. He was well remembered in various parts of the Pro- 
vince, when the writer commenced his ministry. He was 
represented as inferior to his brother Samuel in eloquence, 
but his superior in wisdom and piety. He died at thcvage of 
forty-seven. We get several glimpses of him in the auto- 
biography of the venerable and Be v. Henry Boehm, who says 
of Coate, ** He was distinguished for strength of mind and 
soundness of judgment, and especially for that meek and ^ 
quiet spirit, which in the sight of God is of great price." 

56. ** John Robinsoic,'', (as he was called in the Minutes, 
although his descendants say that Robertson is the true 
spelling,) was another whom Cabe found in a located position 
who had once labored effectively in the Province, and had even 
had the oversight of the District entrusted to him. For this 
reason alone we place him at the head of a class of men who 
laboured anterior to the time of our subject, to whom it com 




ports with our design to give a passing notice ; but he was 
morally inferior to some of them. 

57. He was born in that hot bed of Methodism, tbe State 
of Maryland, Nov. 26,1769, and baptized by the celebrated 
George Whitfield. He was converted at the age of nineteen. 
His friends say he began to travel the following y«ar, 1789; 
and the Minutes show that some one of that name was then 
received on trial. He discontinued for four years, and was 
re-admitted on trial in 1794, eleven years before Oase. His 
first appointment after resuming travelling was the Freehold 
Circuit in New Jersey. In 1795, he laboured on Chester and 
Lancaster Circuits, Pennsylvania, with two others — one of those 
six weeks Circuits of other times. In 1796, he appears as the 
assistant of Solomon Sharpe, a man of some notoriety, on tbe 
Milford Circuit The next year he was with another man 
of some mark, Anthony Turk, on. the Delaware Circuit 
<< This Circuit," says the Rev. Dr. G^eorge Peck, " lay on the 
bead waters of the Delaware River, embracing the country 
west of Catskill mountains, and east of the Susquehana River, 
as rough and romantic a region as ever civilization penetra- 
ted.^' He remained on that Circuit another year in charge, 
with a good blundering Dutchman, William Yredenburg, for 
his assistant In 1799, he was on Dorehester alone. The 
next year he was alone again, on the Mohawk^ so called from 
the Mohawk Valley and adjacent parts in which it lay« 

58. In 1801, he makes his first appearance in Canada, 
four years before Case entered it, on the old Ottawa Circuit, 
with Caleb Morris for his assistant The next year (1802) 
he is transferred to the other extretoity of the Provincial work, 
and stationed on the Niagara Circuit, with Daniel Pickett for 
his assistant In those days his personal appearance was pre- 
possessing, and his preaching was regarded as Buperios^for the 




times. He had now travelled ei^tyeays, and tfbs thirty five 
years of age» and the Bishop thought it safe to entmst him 
with the oversight of a district ; and he appears in the Min- 
utes for 1803» as the Presiding Elder for Upper Canada. The 
next year he is returned as *' located.'* 

59. The faet is he somewhat irregularly and blamably left 
the work during the previous year. He who had self donying- 
]y abstained from marriage for four loog years after receiving 
elders' orders, is now fascinated with one of Canada's fair 
daughters in the Bay Country, and becomes affianced to her. 
All that was very venial, but, she fell ill, and he was in such 
huge concern about her, that no other person could be entrust- 
ed to nurse her but himself. He never left her bedside — 
leaving his Quarterly Meetings to take care of themselves — 
while he staid to perform the most delicate offices for her. 
And then as soon as she was recovered, fearful that his prize 
might escape him, married her; and at once settled on a farm 
given him by his father-in law, Col. John Parrott His dis- 
trict was n^lected for the rest of the year. There was thjs 
extenuating consideration, that the lady, Miss Mary, was a 
most estimable person. 

60. It is but just to Robinson to cay, that for idzteen years 
affcer his location, to use the language of one thoroughly 
informed, ^' he was a faithful and earnest preacher of the Gos- 
pel." A relative says, ** In 1820, he became afflicted with a 
melancholy, which terminated in insanity. At the end of 
seven years this affection left him, but he was characterized 
by e:p:treme eccentricity to the end of life." 

61. He resumed preaching, whenever he could get auditors, 
and his sermons were extremely denunciatory, not without a 
considerable spice of wit and sarcasm. He died in 1848, in 
the City of Philadelphia, on his way home from a visit to his 




friends in Haryknd.^' We are happy to add» iProm the same 
ineodly source, '^ fae left the pleasing assurance that he had 
gone to a joyful rest beyond the tomb." He has left descend- 
ants highly respectable^ who give their iufluence to build up 
the cause of Methodism. 

62. [Joseph Jewell, although from the plan we have im- 
posed on ourselves, comes in subordinately to Eobinsou, was 
really his superior — not only morally , but officially; for during 
the time they were co-temporary together in Canada, he was 
the Presiding Elder, and the other a common Circuit Preacher ; 
yet, as Jewell was not in any way connected with Case4n 
Canada, we can only connect him with our narrative by asso* 
ciating him with one that was. 

63. Jewell was a native of Ireland, but converted in Penn- 
sylvania, and was raised up into the ministry from the 
nei^bourhood of Boehm's Chapel, along with Simon Miller, 
Biohard Sneat^ William and James Hunter, James and 
William Mitchell, Thomas and Robert Burch, James Aikens, 
and Henry Boehm ; men, all of whom did good service to 
Methodism. He was received on trial for the ministry in 
1795, one year after Robinson, and ten years before Case. 
That year he was appointed to Dover, somewhere in the centre 
of the American Methodist work. The next two years we 
have &iled to trace him, but he must have b^en going on sat* 
isfactorily ; for in 1799, we find his name among the Elders, 
just four years after being received on trial, the disciplinary 
term of graduation. Dr. G. Peck says, *' Joseph Jewell was 
received on trial in 1795, and it seems probable that he was 
employed by the Elder in 1794. Mrs. Anna Briggs says she 
was converted when Jewell was on the circuit, at a quarterly 
meeting in the meeting house below Buttonwood. Mrs, 
Briggs* story, which wo took from her lips proves our theory 





with regard to Jewell's appointment to Wyoming." Imme- 
diately after receiving Elders orders he is entrusted with the 
Canada District ; which speaks loudly for the confidence 
reposed in him by the authorities of the connexion. This 
position he retained during the next four years. His offiqe 
was not the sinecure it might seem from the small number of 
the circuits in his district. We must look at the extent of 
country travelled over and remember that the Presiding Elders 
of that day were the pioneers, or district missionaries, who did 
not say *« Gk) I ** but ** Gome ! '* They searched out new 
places, broke up new ground, and cut out additional work for 
the Oirquit Preachers. He was really what his name imported 
in the estimation of aQ who knew himf 9, jewel. He is re- 
membered in Canada as a gifted, laborious, hymn-singings 
bachelor^ Presicting Elder, who travelled the country from end 
to. end, preachings prayingr visiting, singing, and delightfaily 
talking of the things^of (}od in the several families whose 
hospitalities he enjoyed, in such a way as to leave a savor after 
him, wliich mad^bis ''name like ointment poured forth." 

64; In 1803, he returned within the bounds of the Phila- 
delphia Conference, then newly orgai^ized^ and was stationed 
in the Lewiston Circuit Within the .bounds of that Confer- 
ence he remained as long as we can trace him in the work. 
We find him superintending the Genesee District, then 
comprised within the Philadelphia Conference-*»the txenesee 
Conference not having been organized till seven years after-— 
during the next four years. The Bev. James Hughes says, 
''He presided at the first camp meeting ever held in the State 
of New York, at Geneva Lake, in the summer of 1805^ — ^the 
year of Case's arrival in Canada. This was probably the 
meeting referred to in Lorenzo Dow*8 Journa], from which, 
as it gives us a glimpse of our subject and the times, we gi^ 




« shorfc quotation — "Thursday, May 22nd, 1 saw Brother 
Willis, who married its, and Joseph Jewell, Presiding Elder oi 
t^e Grenesee District, who oame a great distance to attend 
camp meeting and brought a number of lively young preach- 
ei6 with him, they never having attended one before. The 
people attended in considerable numbers, amongst whom was 
Timothy Dewey, my old friend, whom I had not seen but once 
for four years past The wicked attempted intrusion, but 
their efforts were ineffectual, and turned upon their own 
heads, being checked by a magistrate. Monday, 6th, we had 
a tender parting time. In the course of the meeting good was 
done in the name of the Lord. I moved a collection for one 
of Jewell's young preachers. Parley Parker, formerly a play- 
mate of mine." Parley must have been in straits. In 1808 
Jewell is returned in the Minutes as superannuated ; and in 
1810, ais located. If the writer's recollection serves him aright 
he was informed by the Kev. Henry Boehm, once Bishop As- 
bury's ti^velling companion, that Jewell married ; and finding 
his health failing, took a supernumerary relation, but finding 
this temporary, or partial retirement, did not permanently re^- 
store his health sufficiently to return to the effective ranks, he 
thought best, as he had some private means, to retire &om all 
Conferential claims and relations ; and therefore did what was 
then very common for the best of men — located.. But contin- 
ued faithful and died in the Lord. Such men will come into 
sight on the resurrection morn. Till then, though lost to sight, 
they are to memory dear. 

6&. In immediate connection with Jewellf we mention two 
or three young men who will- not come into notice any other 
way, and yet they deserve to be mentioned and remembered. 

66, [[The first of these was Samuel Draper, relieived on 
Irial in 1801, and appointed to travel that year as the Elder's 




iCoIkague nn tile B&y of Qohite. He only nemaiaed one yean 
and was nie^er upder Bobinson's preaiding^eldership* He 
xetoroed to the States aod labbared within .tbe bounds of the 
Kew York Oon&reooe, till the time of his deaths which hs^- 
pened In the €onferenoe year, 1824-25. He always bad diai^ge 
of the eirci^ts he travelled — in one of which the old and 
fiiinotiB Cambridge Circuit, he remained fo^i* years cons^cu- 
tiTely, namdy from 1819 to 1823 ; he was presiding elder 
.two teroxs successively—^four years on the Champlain Distriot 
and the same length of time on the Asbgrore* He always 
H^d two years at a time in a Circuit, exo^ing his first Circuit 
and his last^ from which his Master called him aw]ay« His 
b^threii admitted that " hundreds would have cause to rejoice 
that they ever heard his voioe -, " and yet ijiey thought proper 
to record a censure against him after he was dead I What 
was he guilty of? '' He sometimes indulged too much in his 
private interviews^ in a humorous disposition 1 '' We think 
this a needless blot. Far be it from us to defend frivolity and 
levity in any one, still less in a Minister j but what is h\h 
mor 7 Whyt it is something which pertains to human. It 
may make people smile because of its aptness ; but what of 
that 1 Mr, D's play of humour was only allowed in *^ private 
interviews.*' Perhaps as much could not be said of hb oen* 
Bors. The cynical Matthew Wilkes once reproved the celebra- 
ted Eobert Hall, for his drollery in company. Hall respond- 
ed, ** The difference between you and me, Mr. Wilkes, is this 
— 1 talk my nonsense in the parlor, and you talk your's in the 
pulpit." Draper died in Amenia, at the house of his old friend 
Peter Powers, in the forty-sixth year of his age, and twenty- 
third of his ministry. 

67. [[Seth Crowell was ootemporary with Robinson two 
years in Canada, although he did not remain after the former 
assumed the presiding-eldership ^ but as he is nowhere else 




portrayed at length, althoogfa bis name is se^rd times men' 
turned, and is in every way worthy of such portrayal, we per- 
£>rm that labor <^ lore in this connexion. The Minntee, 
those Gurions and invaluable records, say ''he was bom in ^e 
year of our Lord 17dl, in the town of Toland, in the State of 
Conneotiont When he was about two years old, Ms pi^ents, 
with their family, removed to the town of Chatham in the 
same State, where he was converted to God in 1797." He 
was consequently only sixteen years of age at that important 
event, " He commenced preaching in the New London Cir- 
cuit, some time previous to the sitting of the New York 
Conference in 18(M " — that is, at the age of twenty. " At 
this conference he was received on trial, and appointed a 
Missionary to Canada, where he laboured with considerable 
success." His Canada Circuits were, according to the Min* 
utes, in 1801, Niagara ; atd in 1802, Oswegotchie and Ottawa. 
But we heard him spoken of with rapture in Sidney and 
Thurlow, and we surmise that after Baogs went out to assist 
Sawyer on the Niagara, the Presiding Elder removed Crowell 
to the Bay Quinte country. He is remembered in this country 
as very boyish looking, being small of stature, so as to lead 
the people to speak of him as " Little Crowell." He is reported 
as gifted, voluble, and possessed of flaming zeal and heroism. 
Tradition says he slept a night in the woods of Murray, be- 
tween the Trent an^ Presque Isle, and that, Jacob like, he sat 
up a pillar in the morning, on the yielding substance of which 
friable stone he engraved " holiness to the Lord," with his 
pocket knife. 

68. Dr. Bangs says of him : " He was a young preacher of 
great zeal, and the most indomitatble industry* He possessed 
superior talents." <'He graduated," say the Minutes, "in 
the usual manner to the offices of Deacon and Elder, In 




1803, he laboaTed on the Fletcher Oircuit ; and iu 1804 on the 
Brandon ; in 1805, the Albany ; in 1806, in the City of New 
York ; in 1807, Missionary within the bounds of the New 
York Conference ; in 1808, stationed in Schenectady ; in 
1809, returned supernumerary, in which relation he continued 
the next year ; in 1811, in charge of Chatham, whence he had 
gone out into the work ; in 1812, in the same relation on the 
Beading Circuity with two colleagues." We must allow the 
Minutes to tell the rest '*ln 1813, his health being greatly 
impaired, he requested and received a superannuated relation. 
In this relation he continued for three years. In 1816, in 
compliance with his own request, he was appointed a Mission- 
ary to labour within the bounds of the New York Conference. 
The two following years be was stationed in the City of New 
York ; and in 1819, he received a location. He was re admit* 
ted a member of the Conference in 1824, and was returned in 
the Minutes superannuated; in which relation he continued till 
the time of his death.'* 

69. **^As a preacher,*' they continue " Brother Crowell was 
possessed of more than ordinary talents. He was often heard 
to speak in demonstration of the spirit and of power ; and he 
was instrumental in the conversion of many souls. He was 
subject to great depression of spirits, and during great a part of 
his ministerial career, suffered much through bodily weakness. 
In his illness his trials were very severe ; but at length he 
gained the victory over all, and died in peace in the City of 
New York, on the sixth day of July, in the year of our Lord 
1826.'' Thus have we seen how another of the Canadian 
pioneers, through much tribulation entered the kingdom. 

70. [[James Aikens is another of those who fall under our 
present head as associates of Jewell. We have an obituary 
of him made ready to our hands ; and most creditable it is to 
the young Irishman, who spent some of his earlier ministerial 



HIS ooTSMPo&Aiyis. 63 

life in the wilds of Canada. *' James Atkens — a native of 
Ireland, who was bom in the year of our Lord» 1778, came to 
America in 1792, experienced r^igion in Pennsylvania, and 
attached himself to the Methodist Ohnrch in 1795. He en- 
tered into the itinerant ministry in 1801, and was appointed 
successively to the following circuits, viz., Oswegotchie, (in 
Canada,) Northumberland, Northampton, St Martins, Acco- 
mack, Milford, Cambridore, Somerset, Bristol, Cecil, Talbot, 
Accomack, Milford, New-Mflls, Freehold, Asbury, Trenton, 
Freehold, in 1820, (when he married,) Hamburg, Salem, and 
in 1823 to Bergin, where he closed his labors and his life 
together, on the 9th of August^ at the house of John Theel, in 
Haverstraw. He endured j^a very painful illness of about 
twenty-throe da^s^'trom a cantserous ulcer in his face, with 
great patience. To the family wit^ whom he stayed, he ob- 
served, in presence of his physician, ' I shall die here. Ood 
called mp> into the work, and he has called me out of it ; medi- 
cal aid cannot help me.' 

71. '^Not a murmur escaped him during the whole period 
of his illne88,^andon all occasions he evinced himself the subject 
of the consoling power of the grace of Gk>d. Being asked, 
* !Por whiat shall we pray V he replied, * That God may finish 
his work.* 'What are your exercises relative to death t' « I 
have no choice — no will of my own.' Being asked, (perhaps 
an hour pr two before he died,) VDo you Experience much 
painf 'No.' ' Is Jesus precious 1' 'Yes.' * Do you see 
anything t6 obstruct your passage to the Kingdom 1' 'No.' 
He was informed he was dyiflg, srtffrthougk perfectly rational 
to the last, his mind was plamd^ and li4 betrayed not a 
^ symptom of fear. Thus has Brother Aikens finished his 
course with joy, and an abundant entrance, we trust, has been 
ministered to him into the everlasting kingdom of our Loi^d 



64 <]AB^ AND 

aad Saviour Jesus ObrisC He was an early friend of Jeweirs* 
haviog been oonv^rted in ihe neighborhood of Boehtn's 
Cb^)eL His death occurred in 1824, it being the 43rd year 
of bis age, and 25th of his ministry. 

71. {^[William Anson might be mentioned as a cotempo^ 
fary of botb Jewell and Robinson in Gabada. Both be and 
Robinson were under the presiding eldership of Jowefl ; but 
he did not remain in the oottntty till Robinson oame into 
office, although he returned £ot one year after he went out of 
office. Anson was a native of the United States, but received 
his first appointment in Canada to the Bay of Quinte Circuit, 
in 1800, in which year be was received on trial. He had the 
affectionate Keeler for his senior colleague. The next year 
(1801^2) he was in charge of the old Oswegotchie Circuit, 
with the young Irishman, James Aikens, for his assistant. 
His appointment for 1802-^3 was Grand Isle, a spot well 
suited to its name, in Lake Champlain. Many years after, 
the writer heard one of his then parishioners speak in glowing 
terms of the person, manners, preachb^ and success of Wil* 
Uam Anson in that fertile places 

72. Thence he removed to the important Vetgenoes Circuit. 
In both of these last two Circuits he was alone. In one or 
other of these charges the following strange occurrence, tradition 
says, took place, which it is likely is authentic in its essential 
features, as it smacks very much of the character of the times. 
Anson, as the story runs, was very popular, and drew many 
of a certain settled minister's congregation to hear him. 
Some of these asked their pastor, how so able and attracting 
a preacher could afford to labor for eighty dollars a year, whila 
they had to give him several hundreds ? He replied that the 
Methodist preachers had only a few sermons which they had 
learned out of books and had got them by heart, by <^ 




repeating; but that they had no learning, and were not 
capable of making a^sermoa for themselves. This led to a 
proposal that the two dominies should preach to the assembled 
people from the same pulpit on a given day, and that each one 
should give the other his text just as he mounted the rostrum. 
We have forgotten what Anson gave his brother minister: 
whatever it was, he failed to make anything of it, end came 
down in confusion. He, however, gave his rival what he 
thought would be a poser, the words of Baalam's beast 
of burden: "Am I not thine ass f* It unfdd^d itself 
at once to the ready itinerant, and he applied it to his oppo- 
nent — making the wicked Prophet to represent the minister, 
whose doctrines he did not believe ; the submissive ass, the 
congregation ; and the saddle, the heavy salary. Such pas- 
sages at arms, which were then not uncommon, have now 
most happily passed away, but may be referred to as illustra- 
tive of a state of religious society which once existed. 

73. In 1804, we find him back in our own wilderness 
country, and appointed to the Home District. This would 
include the then village of York, Yonge Street, and all the 
settlements up and down the lake, not included in the other 
Circuits east and west. Let the respects^le Methodists of 
Toronto and its neighborhood remember, that eighteen hwiir 
dred and four was the date of their becoming a distinct pas- 
toral charge by themselves, and that Wm. Anson was the 
pastor. During this year he must have exchanged with the 
Niagara preachers, an arrangement then very common with 
single men, as our venerated ^^ Father " Isaac Van Norman, 
now of Nelson, has a lively remembrance of the benefit he 
received from Anson's preaching, then himself a young man, 
residing at the foot of Lake Erie. 

74. Our subject went out of the country as Case entered ii» 




and returned no more. His charge that year (1805) was 
Pitsfield, in the nohle Ashgrove District. The next year he 
removed to South Britain, where he was alone. The follow- 
ing year he was elevated to the Presiding Eldership of the 
Ashgrove Pistrict, in which he remained the full term of four 
years. Thence he was transferred to the important frontier 
District, Rhineheck, in charge of which he remained but two 
years. After that he was successively in charge of Duchess, 
Rhinebeck, Saratoga, Pittstown, Chatham, Hudson, and Pitts- 
field Circuits, in most of which he had very respectable min- 
isters as his assistants — another instance of the superiority of 
the men who laid the foundations of Methodism in Canada. 

75. In 1823, he was made a supernumerary, but still in 
charge of Ballstown Spa, and Saratoga Springs. These two 
sanitary posts seemed then, and long after, to have been gar- 
risoned by veteran invalids — he had another supernumerary 
for his colleague. He continued in this relation— doing gar- 
rison duty-^receiving probably a small consideration for his 
labors — till 1838. In these appointments he often had old 
companions in arms associated with him, — such as Steady 
Ensign, Moriarty, and Lyon. The creation of the Troy Con- 
ference in 1832, comprised Anson's residence within its 
bounds, which, in 1839, placed him on the list of superan- 
nuates, where he remained to July 17, 1848, when he was 
relieved from his toils and sufferings by death. It is said of 
him, '^ He had his full share of hardships, but never flinched." 
<^Had undoubted piety, sterling integrity, and respectable 
talents. He was laborious and useful, and his preaching was 
plain and powerful.'' The few survivors among his Canadian 
friends will read this clause of his life with interest. 

76. [[Caleb Mobrjs, who was Robinson's colleague on the 
old Ottawa Circuii^ we shall have to dispatch in a summary 




way, as he never laboured but that year in Canada, and we 
do not remember to have heard him spoken of, even by the 
people of that region. That was the year 1801. He had 
been received on trial the year before, and travelled the Her- 
kimer Circuit, in the State of New York, as the assistant of 
the famous Anthony Turk. He and Robinson came into the 
Province together, from the same region. At the close of his 
year with us, he was removed to New England, and stationed 
on the Greenwich and Warren Circuit with two others. In 
1803, he was in charge of the Litchfield Circuit, New York 
Conference. The next year he was ordained elder, transferred 
to the Philadelphia Conference, and stationed at Cape May. 
The next year he was the assistant of James Herron (whom 
we shall have to consider among the worthy list of Canadian 
laborers) on the Dutch Creek Circuit. In 1806, we find him 
in charge of the Annamessex Circuit ; the next year, in charge 
of the St. Martins — all this time within the Philadelphia 
Conference. The next year (1808) that Conference returns 
him as heated. Thus he who crosses our path for one short 
year, and who, comet like, passes to New England, to New 
York, and then to Pennsylvania, changing his Circuit every 
year, after seven years itinerancy is lost to our sight forever. 
Nay ; let us hope to meet him among the blood-washed in the 
Day of the Lord.] 

77. [[James Hereon, who was Jewell's assistant on the 
Oswegotchie Circuit in 1800-1, had been received on trial one 
year before, and who had travelled the intervening year on the 
Chester and Strasbourgh Circuit, Philadelphia District, with 
three other laborers, was probably a Pennsylvania, Delaware, 
or Jersey man. 

78. We were told some things of him and his labors while 
here, many years ago, by the old settlers on the banks of the 



68 r*AS£, AND 

St. Lawrence, bat we retain notbing except tbe dim impres- 
sion that he is tbe young man affected with a sore leg^ nursed 
BO kindly at old Mr. Ault's, the fettber of Simon and Jacob, of 

79. He returned tbe next year, (his removal most likely 
being hastened by the affection referred to,) and was appointed 
to tbe Dorchester Circuit, in the " Delaware and Eastern 
Shore District." In tbat region be remained, and when the 
Philadelphia Conference was organized in 1805, be fell witbin 
its boundaries, and labored (usually in charge) on tbe New- 
burgh, N. J., Tioga, Annamessex, Duck Creek, (where he bad 
Caleb Morris witb him,) Accomack, Dorchester, (again,) 
Somersett, Annamessex, (again,) Miiford, Accomack, (again,) 
Circuits. He rose to tbe Presiding Eldership one year, 
(1808,) on the Susquehanna District. It is remarkable be 
never remained but one year at a time in any charge ; stiH, 
bis tbrice going back to former Circuits, sbows be was not 
unacceptable in them. As his removes were frequent and 
long, we surmise be remained single, as so many preacbers 
tben did, wbile in tbe itinerancy. He located in 1814, baving 
probably married about tbat time. 

80. He was evidently a man wbo maintained a good stand- 
ing. We have not searcbed tbe Minutes to see whether be 
ever returned to tbe work of a Circuit again, whicb be may 
bave done, like a great many others ; but we must now part* 
company witb bim till we meet at tbe resurrection of tbe just. 

81. [[Samuel Howe was anotber of Robinson's direct 
cotemporaries, being one year, like himself, under the Presid- 
ing Eldership of Jewell, and the second of the two be spent 
in tbe Province under tbat of Robinson. We bave not 
gleaned any reminiscences of him in tbis country, tbe time of 
his advent being so early and bis stay so short. We adopt 




the obituary we find in the General Minutes : firom which it 
af)pears that he went out of the country as Case came in — 
returned, and remained in the New York Conference, where 
he remained till the formation of the Troy Conference in 
1832, within whose boundaries his geographical position placed 
him, and in connexion with which he remained till death. 
From this obituary, furthermore, we find that he, like most of 
the young pioneers who labored in Canada for a short period, 
turned out and ended well. The men who planted Methodism 
in our country were good and reliable. 

82. " Samuel Howe was born in Belcher, Mass., in 1781. 
When he was seventeen years of age, his father with his 
family removed to Decatur, N. Y. Soon after their settle- 
ment in their new home, young Samuel was led to Christ and 
salvation. He at once began to improve in the social means 
of grace, and it was soon apparent that he had talent for use- 
fulness. He was licensed first to exhort, and soon after to 
preach as a local preacher. He was received on trial by the 
Philadelphia Conference, which then embraced the western 
part of the State of New York. This was in 1802 ; which 
year he labored in that position of the work ; in 1803, he 
labored on the Niagara and Long Point CirGuity^ in Upper 
Canada; ** in 1804, he was X)rdained deacon bj Bishop 
Watcoat, and appointed to Ottawa Circuit" (on the boundary 
line between the Upper and Lower Provinces;) " in 1805," 
(the year of Case's arrival here,) " he returned to the States, 
and labored on Fletcher Circuit, Vt. ; in 1806, he was ordained 
elder by Bishop Asbury ; after which he labored as follows : — 
1807, Scen^ctady, 1808, Albany Circuit ; 1809, Montgomery ; 
1810, Cambridge; 1811, Brandon ; in 1812, on account of 
family affliction, returned superannuated; in 1813, again 
effective, and appointed to Middlebury,. Vt. ; in 1814, ap- 



'''0 CASBt AND 

pointed to Pitstown Circuit; 1816, Saratoga; 1816, Middle- 
burj, again; 1817 and 1818, New York City; 1819 and 
1820, Rhinebeck; 1821, Montgomery, again; 1822 and 
1823, Saratoga, again ; 182 1 and 1825, Cambridge, a second 
time ; 1826 and 1827, Chatham ; 1828 and 1829, Pitstown ; 
1830, Lee, Mass. Here he continued to labor till the fall of 
the year, when his nervous system became so prostrated that 
he was compelled to desist. In 1831, he received a super- 
annuated* relation; after which he continued unable to do 
effective service. 

83. *< Brother Howe never engaged in any secular business, 
as he did not consider himself released from his call to the 
work of the ministry ; but at all times he held himself in readi- 
ness, to the utmost of his strength, to preach anywhere and every- 
where — in the city, or in the country — in the streets and 
public conveyances. He was emphatically a man of one 
business, and he was truly faithful. His theme was uniformly 
religion. All who associated with him, whether in Confer- 
ence, in public, or the private circle, felt that they were in 
the presence of a man of God. He was always solemn and 
dignified. Samuel Howe never trifled. 

S4. '' Some twelve years since he sought and found the 
blessing x)f perfect love. It seemed to mould and fashion his 
already devoted spirit all over anew. This was his constant 
theme during the last year of his life, in the pulpit and the 
private circle. In its enjoyment he lived, and labored dili- 
gently to bring others to the fountain opened by the Saviour's 
blood, that they, too, might wash and be clean. 

85. " On the 16th of February, 1858, he left his homo in 
Lansingburg, and went to the North Second Street Church in 
Troy, to attend the funeral of an aged brother in Christ and 
an old acquaintance. At the conclusion of the discourse he 
arose and made a few remarks, which he concluded by saving^ 




that as he had entered into his seventy eighth year, he should 
soon follow the deceased, and hoped to meet, him m heaven. 
He immediately retired to one of the class rooms in the base- 
ment, where in a few moments he expired. His remains were 
conveyed to Lansingbnrg, and on the following Sabbath, 
according to a request he had made years previously, the 
funeral sermon was preached by his familiar friend, the Rev. 
Seymour Coleman, who addressed a large audience &om Ne- 
hemiah vii. 2. Truly our venerable Brother Howe 'was a 
faithful man, and feared God above m^ny/ Let us follow 
him as he followed Christ" May every Canadian Methodist, 
from the ground of his heart, say. Amen I 

86. [[ Another young man came into the Province the year 
of Robinson's presiding eldership, and continued, as Howe did, 
two years— going out in 1805, as Case came in. This was 
Eeubin Harris. He spent his first year in the l^iagara 
and Long Point Circuit, and his second on the Bay of Quinte. 
As we have gleaned nothing about him from private sources 
we avail ourselves of the official obituary of him in the Minutes 
of 1844. 

87. ^* Eeitben Harris was bom in Canterbury, Windham 
County, Con., the latter part of 1776, and was awakened and 
converted to God by the instrumentality of Methodist preach- 
ers, in the autumn of 1800, and very soon united with the 
M. E. Church. He not only united with the Methodists as 
the people of his choice, but he studied and became attached 
to the entire system of Methodism, in its doctrines, discipline, 
usages, and government ; from which he never swerved to the 
day of his death. He received the first license as a local 
preacher, November 26th, 1802, and was admitted on trial 
into the itinerant ranks at the New York Conference, held at 
Ash^ovei June, 1803, and offered himself as a volunteer for 




Upper Canada,yf\i&tQ he travelled two years. In 1806, he re- 
turned to Aie States, attended Conference, was received into 
full connexion, ordained deacon by Bishop Asbury, and sta- 
tioned on Brandon Ciifcuit, Vt. ; in 1806, on Fletcher Circuit; 
in 1807, he was ordained elder on Middletown Circuit in 

88 " He continued and filled various appointments in Con- 
necticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, on Long Island, and in 
Winchester County, New York, tin til 1823, when he was re- 
turned supernumerary, which relation be held until 1829, at 
which time he took effective work. In 1834, he was again 
returned supernumerary, and in 1839 became finally superan- 
nuated, and moved with his family to Chardon, Geanga County, 
Ohio, where he labored as health and opportunity permitted. 

89. " In the latter part of December he left his home with 
the intention to spend the winter further south, and return by 
the way of New York, and be present at the Conference. He 
travelled as far as Lancaster, Ohio, where, after preaching on 
Sabbath, the 11th of February, he was taken with congestive 
fever, which closed his mortal career, on February 15th, 1844, 
in the 68th year of his as^e. He died in peace and full 
assurance of hope." Thus have we seen another Canadian 
pioneer preacher safely across the Jordan of death. The 
obituary further says of his character : — 

90. <^ BroHier Harris, though of a peculiar mental constitu- 
tion, was uniformly pious, a man of great patience and perse- 
rera^ce in labor ; the Bible was to him the book of books. 

'He was sound in doctrine, and a useful minister of the New 
Testament. He laboured long and suffered much in his 
Master's cause, and has gone, we trust, to receive a crown of 
life rom the Lord^ the righteous Judge.*' 




91. [Peter v annest, one of the oldest and most reliable 
O4 Robinson's corps of men during the year of his presiding- 
eldership, who had been one year in the Province before 
Bobinson came into office, under Jewell, tie went out of 
it two years before Case entered. We draw on his pbituary 
notice for the facts of his early life. 

92. "He was born in Bethlehem Township, Huntington 
County, N. J., on the 5th of August, 1769. In the year 
1771 he went to reside in the city of Philadelphia. Shortly 
after his settlement in the city he was powerfully awakened to 
a sense of sin. On one occasion he was so alarmed and terri- 
fied that he arose from his bed and went in pursuit of som« 
one to interpose, lest (to use his own words} * the devil should 
come and take him av^ay bodily.' Such was the guilty- dread 
of his troubled mind, that every step he took the pavement 
seemed to bend beneath his feet^ and he feared that the earth 
was ready to open and swallow him up^ 

93. ** In 1780 his awakenings were greatly renewed, and he 
tried for the first time in his life the powor of prayer. It was 
not, however, until the year 1788, that he was led to see him- 
self as he really was. Being in Bristol, England, he was 
invited by a friend to go and hear Methodist preaching, at 
what was then called Guinea-street Chapel. Mr, Thomas 
Warwick was the preacher. He thought, while listening to 
the man of God, that his discourse was all directed to him, 
and that nothing but motives of delicacy prevented the 
preacher from telling his name. Under this sermon he had 
such views of himself as he never had before ; and on retiring 
to his lodgings the solemn resolution was formed, that in the 
strength of grace he would try and save his soul, and part of 
that night he spent in prayer to God to have mercy upon him, 
a poor sinner. 





94. " A few days after this, according to his own request, 
he was received on trial, and in aboat two months found peace 
with God through our Lord Jesus Chrbt, in Bichard Bundy's 
class, which he met in his own house. In this dasa he con- 
tinued to meet for about three years, when he was appointed 
the leader of a class in Bedminster. In the beginning of 1794 
the Bev. Henry Moore sent him the Local Preachers' Plan, 
the appointments upon which he filled till 1796, when he re- 
turned to America. The latter part of this year he was 
received on trial in the Philadelphia Conference, and appoint- 
ed to Salem Circuit, N. J., with Robert McCoy, but did not 
go out that year. The next year, 1797, he attended the 
Conference at Duck Creek, (Smyrna, Del.,) and was again 

95. '* After his reception his appointments were as follow ; 
1797, Middletown, in the place of Michael Coote, who went 
to Canada; 1798, Croton Circuit, spent three months, and 
then sent to Middletown again ; 1799, Whitingham, to form 
a new Circuit ; 1800, Fletcher, formerly Essex ; and in 1801, 
New London.*' In one or both of these two last Circuits his 
travels were extended into Lower Canada, where he was very 
successful. As that relates to our specific object, we are 
happy to be able to present from his own pen some account of 
his labors. He says, <' We had a good time all around the 
Circuit; I baptized by sprinkling, pouring, and immersion, 
four hundred persons. 

96. "My work required me to cross the Missiqoi River. 
When winter came I waa unable to get my horse over the 
river, on account of the boat being sunk. I therefore left 
him with a friend to bring into St. Albans, a distance of 
seventeen miles. I got over the river myself in a canoe, 
amid the drift of ice. I travelled about one hundred miles 




on foot, find most of the way throagh the woods and deep 
snow, without a track, and sometimes stepping into spring- 
holes np to my knees in mtid and water ; the snow would 
wear off the mud, but did not dry my feet. Some part of 
the way was on the ice, which at that season covered the 
Bay, where I found the water three or four inches deep; 
and being compelled to travel in shoes (having no boots) I 
had wet feet of course.'' " He then,*' says the Rev. J. Hughes, 
''gets his horse, but the horse dies towards summer; gets 
another, and at the close of the year starts on horseback for 
the Conference, four hundred miles; reports an increase to 
the Church of 125 members." 

97. Mr. Vannest was appointed to Upper Canada in 1802, 
and remained two years. His appointments, according to the 
Minutes, were Bay of Quinte, 1802, and Oswegotchie, in 1803. 
But it is certain from his own published account, that he 
travelled the Niagara country as well. TranspositioLS were 
often made of the Circuit preachers during the year, by the 
Presiding Elder, at that time. His appointment to the Pro- 
vince must have been a great acquisition to the work. He 
was a matured man o^ forty six years of age, who had seen a 
good deal of life ; he had a Christian experience of fourteen 
years* length ; it was eight years since he had begun to preach 
as a local preacher ; and he had been in the travelling ministry 
SIX years. Besides all that, he was a man of a very decided 
character. Hear the Minutes after his death :— 

98. " Father Vannest was naturally a man of strong pre- 
judices, and when he was converted this peculiarity was sanc- 
tified to a good end, as he evidently became fixed in all the 
great views of truth and duty. When he was converted to 
God he was converted to Methodism; indeed, religion and 
Methodism with him were words of the same import He no 
sooner knew the love of God, than he became a warm and 




enthusiastic admirer of the Wesleyan doctrine and economy. 
From that time to the day of his death, none of the fathers 
viewed with more jealousy the ahandonment of ancient 
usages, or the introduction of novelties, than did he. All 
who knew him intimately know with what delight he spake 
of his personal knowledge of, and intercourse with our vener- 
able founder. He was most undoubtedly, to the best of his 
knowledge, a true follower of Wesley. Often in Love-feasts, 
and in his exhortations to his junior brethren to * walk by the 
same rule, and mind the same things,' would he enforce his 
godly admonitions to follow Wesley, by saying, * These eyes, 
hare seen him, these ears have heard him,* and stretching forth 
his hands, he would add, ^ and these bands have handled him ;' 
and, in anticipation of the society in heaven, he has repeatedly 
said, that next to his Saviour, he longed to see Wesley. "He 
speaks thus of his Upper Canada labors and experiences : — 

99. " In 1802, Joseph Jewell, Presiding-Elder, from Upper 
Canada, came to the Philadelphia and New York* Conferences 
upon a recruiting exepdition ; as at that time no one was sent 
across the lines without his own consent." Mr. Vannest says, 
" I volunteered, and was sent to Oswegotchie. From a place 
called Bastard to the River Rideau was fourteen miles, the 
way the road went ; but to cross a point of the woods it was 
but seven.*' [Ele must have been mistaken in that ; for it was 
much further from the nearest settlement in Bastard to any 
settlement then formed on the Rideau.1 ** I got a man to pilot 
me ; he was soou bewildered, and said that we were lost, and 
despaired of finding the way out. We tried to track our way 
back, but it was impossible, the leaves were so thick , so I 
undertook to pilot myself, and soon found the road. We 
got safe to the appointment. At that place I found an Indian 
family encamped on the shore of the river. The man asked 
for some tobacco, and I ^ave him some. The next morning I 




went to see him, and be offered me a fine leg of venison. I 
told him I did not want it. He said, < You take um, you eat 
urn, you welcome — bacco.' I asked him how far their castle 
was. He held up his hands, and said so many hundred miles. 
I asked him to show me how they went. He took a stick 
and made a map on the sand, so complete as to show the 
lakes, rivers, and the carrying- places for their canoes through 
the woods. I asked him the distance from such to such a 
place. He began with his fingers thus : one finger for a hun- 
dred miles, a crooked finger for fifty, and a finger across the 
crooked one for twenty -five miles. I marked down as he went 
from place to place, and found it was one thousand miles to 
where he pointed, 

100. *' We had to go twenty miles without seeing a house, 
and were guided by marked trees, there being no roads. At 
one time my colleague was late in getting through the woods, 
when the wolves began to howl around him, and the poor man 
felt much alarjned ; but he got through unhurt* for which he 
felt thankful to the Lord. 

101. *' I think in August I went to the Bay of Quinte Cir- 
cuit.** [It then included the Home District.] " In summer 
we crossed ferrjfts, and in winter we rode much on the ice. 
One appointment was thirty-four miles distant, without any 
stopping place. Most of the way was through the Indians* 
land — otherwise called the ' Mohawk Woods.' In summer I 
used to stop half-way in the woods and turn my horse out 
where the Indians had had their fires. In winter I would 
take some oats in my saddle-bags, and make a place in the 
snow to feed my horse. In many places there were trees 
fallen across the path, which made it difficult in getting around 
in deep snow. I would ask the Indians why they did not 
cut out the trees. One said, ' Indian, like deer ; where he 




no creep under, he jump over.* There was seldom any tra- 
velliug that way, whioh made it had in deep soow. 

102. " At one time, when the snow was deep, I went on the 
ice till I could see clear water, so I thought it time to go 
ashore. I got off my horse and led him, and the ice cracked 
at every step. If I had broken through, there would have 
been nothing but death for us both ; but the good Lord pre- 
served both man and beast. I got to the woods in deep snow, 
and traveled up the shore till I found a small house, where I 
fbund out the course of my path through the woods. Keeping 
a good look out for the marked trees, I at last found my ap- 
pointment about seven o'clock. If I had missed my path, I 
do not know what would have become of me. At my stopping 
place the family had no bread, or meal to make any of, till 
they borrowed some of a neighbor ; so I got my dinner and 
supper about ehen o'clock on Saturday night On Sabbath 
I preached. On Monday I rode about five miles, crossed the 
Bay, and then rode seventeen miles through tl^ woods with- 
out seeing a house, preached and met ^ ekss for a day's work. 

103. '' In the spring of 1803 I led my horse about three 
miles ouk the ice of the Bay of Quinte, in the afternoon. That 
night the ice all sank to the bqttom ; so^ that next morning 
there was none to be seen I Thus the Lord has saved line 
from many dangers* seen and unseen. Glory he to his holy 
nanxe forever I Amen. 

104. ** In 1803 I went to the Niagara Circuit with a young 
man by the name of Samuel Howe'' — [whom we have fol- 
lowed to heaven.] " We had no Presiding Elder that year," 
[the year of Robinson's dereliction from duty,] " so I had to 
attend Quarterly Meetings on that and the Long-Point Cir- 
cuits. At a aewly settled place in the Circuit, I appointed 
a Love feast and Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. It was a 




new thiug there» and' many attended. There was a smail 
class there. I told the leader to admit all members and seri- 
ous persoDfiiy so he let them in till the house was filled to over- 
flowing ; but I did the best I could with the multitudes. I 
enquired why he let so m^ny in. He said they all looked 
serious, and he did not know them. 

105. *< Afiber meeting, a genteel- looking man came to me, 
and requested me to preach in his house. I told him I did 
not think I could, as I had fo many appointments; but I 
inquired where he lived, and what sort of a house he had. 
He said he had a large house ; he iTept tavern, and had a 
large ball room that would hold many. Sir, said I, you do 
not want meeting in your house — there was no room fbr the 
Lord in th« inn — ^but I thank you for your compliment. Yon 
know you do not want it, and the Lord knows you do not 
want it." [Gtx)d judges of hnman nature were those early 
itinerants, and plainly spoken, too.} '* So he went away, and 
before he fot halfway home he felt convicted, and said to 
himsAlf,— ' I did not want meeting. How did the man read 
my heart 1 ' When he got home he made up his mind to sell 
fais distillery^ and to make and sell no more whiskey. He 
gave his ball room to the Lord for a place of worship till the 
Society could get a better place. There were seven brothers 
of them, who, with their wives, all got religion, and a good 
work b^n in that place. So the Lord works in his own 
way. Glory be to his holy name I " The reader will, no 
doubt, feel that this peep at olden times, through the eyes of 
an actual observer, as refreshing as the transcriber must eon- 
fess he doesL 

106. Honest Peter Yannest must have been a very primi^ 
tivc- looking man ; and although he carried his ideas of plain- 
ness to an extreme, even that extreme showed his conseien- 
uousness. He wore no buttons on his coat, but fustenad it 




^ith hooks and eyes ; and be bore bard on all Ti^bo did not 
come up to bis ideal of plainness. Fatber Bailey, late of 
Monlinette, informed tbe writer tbat when a young man be 
went some distance to a Quarterly Meeting, and Yannest was 
there. In tbe course of Saturday tbe preacher detected two 
rows of brass buttons on young Bailey's spruce new coat, and 
be denounced it as a reprehensible instance of pride and vanity. 
Tbe young convert was yery anxious to be a Christian in all 
resp^ts, and thinking the minister muBt be right, very 
deliberately took out his pocket-knife and cat one row off, 
and made bis appearance among tbe people next day minu$ 
tbe superfluous buttons. 

107« Every Canadian Methodist will be glad to learn what 
became of this devoted evangelist after his labors closed in 
this country. In gratification of this natural curiosity, we 
have to say he returned to the State of New Jersey, and 
took an appointment that threw him within the bounds of tbe 
Philadelphia Conference, in connection with which he spent 
all tbe rest of bis effective ministry, which continued till the 
year 1818. Peck, in bis Early Methodism, says, "At tbe 
Philadelphia Conference of 1807, Peter Yannest was ap- 
pointed a Missionary to tbe Holland Purchase. He forded 
tbe Genesee River near tbe place where Rochester now stands, 
and in tbe month of June preached bis first sermon in what 
is now Ogden Centre." *' He returned," (at tbe end of tbe 
year,) " according to tbe Minutes, fifty members." Pretty 
well, as tbe fruit of only one year's labor. Six years of the 
time be remained effective be was Presiding Elder. In one 
of bis Districts be had two brethren associated with him who 
bad labored successfully in Canada : these were James Herron 
and William Anson. All the rest of his effective ministry 
be was in charge of important Circuits, often tbe Superin- 
tendent of strong men — all of which proves tbat tbe quandom 




Canadian pioneer was no mean man. In the pages of Peek we 
again get a glimpse of oar hero. ^* In the summer of 1810^ 
a Camp-meetiog was held in Minden, about twelve miles 
from our native place." " When Cayuga District was formed 
in 1808, Ostego Circuit was a part of it, and Peter Yannest 
had been the Presiding Elder on that District for two yearSy 
when the Oenesee Conference was organized. At the Camp- 
meeting referred to, William Case, then a young man, was 
the Presiding Elder; but Peter Yannest was present^and 
had considerable to say. It was with him a sort of farewell 
festival, as from this meeting he lefl tht cold North and took 
his place in the Philadelphia Conference. He had then 
reached the period of grave age, and was called ' father' by 
the younger class." Two years he stood in connection 
with Circuits as a Supernumerary, which showed his dispo- 
sition to do something for the cause when he could no longer 
perform full work. 

108. In 1821, he superannuated, and remained in that 
relation till his death, which embraced a period of twenty-one 
years. Of that part of his life his biographer says : " He 
resided in Pemberton, where his private walk and conversa- 
tion has been well known and appreciated. The church in 
that place, before whom he has gone in and out these many 
years, knew that his eye was the eye of a watchman to the last ; 
and although he sometimes 'rebuked sharply,' none were 
disposed to attribute it to anything save to his jealousy for the 
honor of God and the purity of religion. Father Yannest, as 
he was able, ' went about doing good.' He especially took an 
interest in poor widows and their fatherless children, and 
besides visiting them, contributed of his limited means to their 
aid and comfort. It was a rare and imposing spectacle to 
behold a minister of the Gospel in his ninety-second year, with 
staff in liand, and without any special pastoral, going &om 





house to house inquiring after the temporal and spiritual 
welfare of the inmates. Often was he thus found." 

' 109. We skip over much that is interesting and to his honor, 
and give the closing scene. " On Tuesday, October the Stji, 
1851, he was attacked with paralysis, which totally disabled 
one side, and so affected the power of speech that for two or 
three days it was with difficulty he could be understood ; but 
his speech gradually returned, so that by Friday he could 
communicate with any of the numerous visitors who came to 
behold the saint of near a century triumphing over death, 
hell, and the grave. From this time until the next Thursday, 
which finished his stay on earth, the interest taken in the 
last moments of this aged servant of God was evinced by one 
incessant stream of visitors. It was on Friday, immediately 
succeeding his attack, that his tongue seemed fairly loosed to 
utter the praises of God. On approaching his bed and inquir- 
ing after his state and prospects, he would say, ^O glory, 
glory, glory ! Hallelujah to the Lamb forever and ever I ' On 
Sunday he was very happy and had many visitors ; among 
these were several young men, whom he exhorted most 
earnestly to be faithful to the service of God. To two sisters 
who called to see him on that day, be said, looking up with a 
most heavenly smile on his face, ^ See me die happy ! see me 
die happy, happy, happy I ' The verse of our hymns ban- 
ning, * I '11 praise my Maker while I 've breath,* furnished for 
him a most favorite theme. This he repeated and sung at 
intervals to the last. Thus died Father Vannest, of the New 
Jersey Conference, * being old and full of days,' leaving the 
indubitable evidence that he had fought a good fight^ finished 
his course, and received the crown.'* 

110. [Nehbmia U. Tompkins will require a passing 
notice, having labored a year in the Province cotemporary with 
Robinson. This was the year 1802-3, and, according to the 




Minutes, that was on the Oswegotchie Cirouit. He had 
been received on trial at the previoas Conference, but whence 
became we cannot inform our readers. We have gleaned 
nothing about him, save his reception on trial ; his ordination, 
first as a deacon, then as an elder ^ and the stations he occu- 
pied, which were all in the New York Conference, and covered 
eight years. So far as we have seen, he never had charge of 
a Circuit but once, and never remained but one year on a 
Circuit at once — from which we should be inclined to infer 
that he was below mediocrity as a preacher or manager ; or 
else, that he remained single till the period of his retirement, 
as single men were more often si^ordinates, and usually 
removed annually. He located in 1809. Whether he ever 
returned to the active work again, like many others who 
retired for a time in tlhose days, we have not searched the 
Minutes to find out — his hold on Canadian sympathy not 
being su£Gicient to require it. He seems to have been a 
person of unblemished character.] 

111. [Samuel Merwin, who afterwards occupied a dis- 
tinguished place in the American Connexion, took an appoint- 
ment for one year in Canada. This was in no less a place 
than the city of Montreal. It stood for that one year in con- 
nection with the Pitsfield District, During that year he 
made an unsuccessful attempt to introduce Methodism into 
Quebec. After preaching some time under the Presiding 
Elder, he had been received on trial in 1800, when he was 
stationed on Long Island ; in 1801, in charge of Bedding ; 
in 1802, alone on the Adams' Circuit ; and then, in 1803-4, 
at Montreal j two years before Bangs went to Quebec. From 
that city he was transferred to the city of New York, and 
continued a highly honorable and useful career, which ended 
peacefully, after forty years labor, in 1839, as appears from 
the obituary in the Minutes, which we transcribe. 



84 CAB% AND 

1121. '' Samtiel Merwin was born in Darbam, Con.^ Sep- 
tember, 1777, and while quite young removed with bis parents 
into New Dnrhain, N. Y. Here utider the paternal roof he 
was instructed in the things of Ood. From his childhood he 
was more or less the subject of religious impressions. Under 
a funeral sermon he became deeplj awdcened : be earnestly 
I sought and found salvation through Christ , but bdng a mere 
lady and having no one to take him by the hand, he soon fell 
back again into the world. It was not long, however^ before, 
through the instrumentality of the Methodists, after continued 
and severe struggles, he was again brought into the liberty 
of the sons of God. Inmiediately he declared what God had 
done for his soul, at the same time exhorting his neighbors 
to flee from the wrath to come. The Church looked upon 
him as a messenger of the cross, and thrust him out into her 
vineyard. When scarcely twenty years of age he was em- 
ployed by the Presiding Elder to labor on a portion of the Dela- 
ware District, in the New York Conference. In the year 1800 
he was received on trial in the same Conference at its annual 
session. In this and other Conferences he continued to labor 
till called to his reward. He departed in peace in the sixty- 
second year of his age, on the 13th of January, 1839, in the 
town of Rhinebeck, after having been engaged in preaching 
the Gospel about forty years.'* * * * jfc :(: 
113. ** For a long time Brother Merwin occupied an eminent 
place in the itinerant ranks, and was repeatedly called to fill 
important stations in the New York, New England, Baltimore, 
and Philadelphia Conferences. He was peculiarly qualified 
to adjust differences, to settle difficulties, to administer con< 
Bolation to the affiicted, and to detect and expose the deceit- 
ful and designing. He was a man of great punctiality : he 
suffered nothing but sickness, or some other unavoidable cause, 
to keep him from his post. * * As a Presiding 




Eldei, he was remarKaole for his fidelity and diligence, his 
personal appearance, especially in the pulpit, was unusually 
commanding ; his voice melodious, clear, and strong ; and he 
spoke not only eloquently, hut in demonstration of the Spirit, 
and of power ; and many souls were the seals of his ministry. 
Wise in counsel, and skilled in execution, he gave his energies 
to the literary and benevolent institutions of the Church, 
But he has gone, and precious in the sight of the Lord is the 
death of his saints." Boehm says that Merwin " was a noble- 
looking man." The loan of such men as Ruter, Bangs, and 
Merwin, to Canada by our brethren in the tFnited States, lays 
Canada under lasting obligations.] 

114. There was also one other man, whose name we have 
just now written, who bad labored in Canada, and who left the 
country as Case entered it, who, as he will not come into view 
fn any other relationship, and because he was so excellent 
and became so distinguished, we must commemorate, 
as it iroes to show that Canadian Methodism was planted and 
nurtured by a noble class of men. We confine ourselves to 
the obituary in the Minutes. 

115. ["Martin Ruter, D.D., was born April 3, 1785, 
in Charlestown, Worcester County, Mass. His parents were 
pious. When not over three years of age, be had serious 
impressions, which increased with his age until 1799, when he 
resolved to devote himself to Grod, and in the following autumn 
experienced the forgiveness of his sins, and enjoyed peace with 
God. In the winter of 1799 and 1800, he joined the M. E. 
Church. It sometimes occurred forcibly to his mind, even 
before he experienced religion, that he should be called to 
preach the gospel. Subsequently these impressions increased, 
and he turned his attention closely to the study of divinity. 
In the summer of 1800, he received license to exhort from th€ 
Rev. John Broadhead, P. E. of the New London District, 




with whom he travelled about three months for the sake of 
iDstructioQ. In the autumn he was licensed to preach, and 
employed the succeeding winter and spring on Wetherfield 
Circuit, Vermont. 

116. " In Jane, 1801, he was admitted on trial by the "New 
York Gonferencci being a little over sixteen years of age, and 
appointed to Chesterfield Circuit. In 1802, to Landofl^ N. 
H. In 1803, he was admitted deacon, and sent to Adam 
Circuit alone. i» 1804 Aett?a»«e«^ to Montreal,'* being then 
only nineteen years of age ; ** he visited Quebec during the 
year, and returned to Ashgrove Conference in 1805," — the 
Conference at which Case was received on trial and designated 
to Canada. "Here he was ordained elder by Bishop Asbury,** 
(a lad of twenty) " and sent to Bridgewater Circuity N. H. 
This appointment transferred him to the New England Con- 
ference. In 1806, he travelled Northfield Circuit ; in 1807^ 
Portsmouth and Nottingham. In 1808, he was appointed to 
Boston, and elected a delegate to the first Delegated General 
Conference. In 1809 10, he presided on the New Hampshire 
District; in 1811, sent to Portland, Me. In 1812-13, he was 
located ; in 1814, re-admitted, and appointed to North Yar- 
mouth (where he l:ad resided the previous two years) and 
Freeport ; in 1815, stationed in Salisbury, Mass. ; in 1816, 
attended the General Conference in Baltimore; in 1817, 
stationed in Philadelphia. In May, 1818, the Asbury Col- 
lie in Baltimore conferred on him the degree of Master 
of Arts. This year he was appointed to the charge of the 
New Market Wesleyan Academy ; in 1819, appointed to Ports- 
mouth, N. H., but remained at tlie Acadamy by an arrange- 
ment of his Presiding Elder; in 1820, fittended the General Con- 
ference in Baltimore, and was elected to conduct the business 
of the Vresleyan Book Agency, at this time established in Cin- 
cinnati ; 1824, re elected to the Western Api^tjcy. In 1822, the 




Transylvania University of Kentucky, without his Knowledge, 
conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. Before 
the expiration of the second term of his Agency, he was 
elected President of Augusta College, Kentucky, which office 
he held somewhat over four years. Feeling anxious to be 
engaged in the more immediate and active duties of the Min- 
istry, he obtained a transfer to the Pittsburg Conference, and 
was stationed the two succeeding years in Pittsburg. Near 
the close of his second year, in June, 1834, he removed to 
Meadville to preside over Alleghany College, which had been 
taken the year before under the patronage of the Pittsburg 
Conference. This office he filled with great advantage to the 
College, until the summer of 1837, when he resigned his chair 
for the purpose of undertaking the superintendence of the new 
Mission in Texas. His arrangements being made, he attended 
the Pittsburg Conference at Stubenville on his way, left his 
family at New Albany, Ind., and reached his field of labor 
some time in October. 

117. " Here the want of laborers being great, the country 
new, and the settlements extended and far asunder, his rides 
were long, his labors incessant, and his exposures great. He 
continued travelling, preaching, forming societies, laying plans 
for building churches, promoting Sabbath-schools and general 
education, until the spring. 1^'inding himself diseased, he took 
medicine and found partial relief. He determined to start for 
his family and rode some forty miles ; but his strength failing 
he returned to Washington. He was attended by several 
physicians, and numerous friends sympathized with him in his 
sufferings, and supplied his wants. He suffijred several weeks, 
enjoying great peace, and exhibiting calm resignation to the 
will of God, and firm hope of heaven just before his death, 
which took place May 16, 1838. 




1 18. " Dr. Ruter was no ordinary man. Naturally, pei haps, 
he was little more than many others. His early advantages were 
no more than a common-school education, and the period that 
other young men usually take their college degrees, he spent 
in passing through the grades of an itinerant minister. Yet, 
in the itinerant ministry, Dr. Ruter became a literary man, 
well versed in languages, science, and history, and discharged 
the duties of college President with great dignity. He was 
an affectionate husband and parent, ^ ruling his own house 
well,' an affable and courteous gentleman, and an interesting 
companion. He was more. Divine grace had deeply imbued 
his heart, and drawn upon it in strong lines the moral image 
of God ; and his early devotion to his Divine Master was 
maintained with uniformity through life. In the pulpit he 
was solid, grave, warm, and dignified, generally listened to 
with pleasure, always with profit. But these excellencies were 
still excelled by his love to God and his fellow-men, impelling 
bim in his fifty-third year into the Missionary field, where he 
lahored, supperbd, and DIED."] 

119. There was yet another who deserves to be mentioned 
in the locattd ranks in the Province — one of the earliest 
pioneers, who was in the country when Case arrived, and who 
was cotemporary with him during a large part of his career, 
who should naturally be contemplated before we take up our 
henceforth continuous thread of history. This was no less a 
person than the excellent — 

120. George Neal, who has been incidently mentioned 
already. He was born in one of the southern British colonies 
—say some. Dr. Stevens calls him Irish. In the Tlevolution- 
ary struggle he took side with his king and the mother 
country. He entered the army and bore the rank of n^ajor 
of cavalry, and his corps were all cut off. Oacc during the 




strife* seeing nothing but danger and death around him, he 
promised the Lord in a flood of tears, if he would spare his 
life he would endeavor to serve him. At the close of the war 
he heard the eloquent Hope Hull, by whose preaching he was 
reminded of his vow, awakened and brought to God, and led 
to unite himself to the Methodists. He soon began to preach. 
His call had something of the visionary in it, which character- 
ized the experience of many in those days. He dreamt a 
a glittering sword was given him, having two edges, with the 
name of Wesley emblazoned thereon. He entered the tra- 
velling connexion in the States, but soon bad to retire for 
want of health. His British proclivities brought him to 
Canada as early as 1787 ; he crossed the Niagara River, in the 
neighborhood of which he labored for some years. He com- 
menced preaching against the prevailing vices of the country, 
and so exasperated the vulgar rabble as to provoke them to 
pelt him with stones till the blood flowed down hi^ face. But 
he held on his way, and was largely instrumental in obtaining 
the regular travelling ministry to occupy the ground. 

121. He was himself the means of the conversion of many 
souls ere the travelling preachers came to his aid. The 
Rev. George Ferguson, in his manuscript journal, ascribes 
Christian Warner's conversion, who was so useful to Nathan 
Bangs, to the instrumentality of Neal ; and that zealous man 
of God (Ferguson) while yet a preaching soldier, during the 
war of 1812, found many of NeaFs converts in various places 
on the frontier, and still more of them when he came to travel 
on the Niagara Circuit in 1817. He also speaks of encoun- 
tering the old veteran on the Long Point Circuit, at a later 
period, namely, in 1822. We will allow him to speak of his 
venerated friend in his own words. " I was privileged with 
a familiar and very pleasing acquaintance with that apostolic 
ambassador of the King of Kings, who was the first honored 




-nstmmeikt of raising the Gospel standard and proclaiming 
3alyatioii to a lost and guilty world, through faith in the all- 
atoning sacrifice for sinners, to the people on the shores of the 
Niagara Biver, through whose instrumentality many souls 
yiere brought to God, some of whom are with him now (1845) 
in heaven, the Bev, George Neal, who lived at this time (1822) 
at Long Point Baj. I should think be was then rising seventt/, 
as he was very infirm. But his silver locks and apostolic 
Ivoks, combined with the heavenly eloquence which flowed 
from his saintly lips on the sublime doctrines of the Gospel 
and t)ie experience of religion, made it a treat to hear him, at 
once edifying and encouraging. He was a man of an excel- 
lent mind, and full of Biblical information. He was a more 
than ordinary preacher, masterly on doctrines. I had the 
privilege and honor of having him around the four weeks' 
Circuit with me, and of hearing him every evening," 

122. He Sid not marry till the age of forty. The Bev. 
Bobert Corson, who knew him well, and who preached his 
funeral sermon, is mainly our authority for the following 
statements concerning him: — Neal was possessed of a good 
En^ish education; his preaching abilities were 'above 
mediocrity,' very zealous, and rising sometimes to eloquence. 
He was tall and erect in person, retaining somewhat of his 
military bearing to the last. Beligious truth from his lips 
sometimes was expressed in military phrase — he was wont to 
call the gospel ^ a genuine Jerusalem blade,' two edged, cut- 
ting both ways. He was abundant in labors as a local 
preacher— travelling sometimes under the Presiding Elder on 
a Circuit. And it is highly probable, that many of those 
gaps that a^ear in the Stations from year to year were sup- 
plied hj him and others similarly situated. At the advanced 
age of 78; he rode around the Simcoe Circuit in company 
with Mr, Corson. Far on in life, ho became blind, but still 




quoted scripture in his sermons with correctness, after taking 
the precaution of having them read to him by his little grand- 
daugliter. He lived to the advanced age of ninety-one, and 
then died in peace, in the full possession of his mental facul- 
ties, about the year 1839. When the current of our story 
brings us to that period of time, we may be furnished with 
more particulars of the old warrior's last battle. 

123. The stage of Canada Methodist history which closes 
^wlth our second book, was perhaps, upon the whole, the most 

laborious and adventurous part for the laborers over any sub- 
sequent period. We have seen Coleman and Crowell sleeping 
in the woods: and Yannest floundering in the trackless 
snow ; but the half has not been told, and never will be told. 
Where any one of the preachers has recorded his adventures, 
it becomes our duty to chronicle it for the information of 
posterity. Several incidents of a thrilling character are re- 
corded by Dr. Nathan Bangs, and published in his life, which 
it did not fall in with our plan to particularize, but to which 
we promised to advert, and which we now relate. 

124. Itinerant Adventures. "On the 17th of Octo- 
ber," says Dr. Bangs, " I set off, in company with Joseph 
Jewell, the Presiding Elder, for the Bay of Quinte Circuit. 
We had a terrible road to travel from the head of Lake 
Ontario to Little York, as it was then called, now Toronto, 
over hills and creeks, through mud and water, but at last 
arrived in safety. We had an appointment for preaching on 
Yonge Street in the evening of the next day. After sermon 
by Mr. Jewell, I gave an exhortation. The people requested 
that I might be left for a few days to preach in the neighbor^ 
hood. I accordingly- staid behind, with the understanding 
that I should go on in a short time. At the time appointed, 
I set off, but wajs taken sick with influenza on the way. 




Being tenderly nursed in the house whese I stopped, I soon 
recovered, mounted my horse, when my faithful animal was 
taken sick, and the next day died. Here then I was alone in 
a strange place, without money, without a horse, and as far as 
I knew, without friends, I trusted in God alone, and he 
provided for me. In ahout half an hour, during which I 
hardly knew which way to turn, a gentleman came along and 
offered to lend me a horse on condition that I would defer my 
journey to the Bay of Quinte, and agree to remairx in those 
parts preaching for some time. I thankfully accepted his^ 
offer, mounted the horse, and went on my way rejoicing to 
Little York. The settlements in this part of the country 
were new, the roads extremely bad, and the people generally- 
poor and demoralized. Our occasional preachers were exposed 
to many privations and often to much suffering from poor 
fare and violent opposition. Seth Crowell, a zealous and 
godly itinerant, had travelled along the lake shore before me, and 
been instrumental in the awakening and conversion of many 
of the settlers, so that some small societies had been formed ; 
but they were far apart, and I found them in a dwindling 
condition. On Yonge Street, which was a settlement extend- 
ing northward from Little York, in a direct line for about 
thirty miles, there were no societies, but all the field was new 
and uncultivated, with the exception of some Quaker neighbor- 
hoods. Among these * Friends ' I formed some pleasant ac- 
quaintances." Observe, this was in 1803 — at this writing 
(1866) sixty three years ago. 

125. Of his manner of laboring there, his biographer says: 
"He set out on a winter's day with the determination to call 
at as many houses as possible on the way, and give a * word 
of exhortation ' in each. At every door he said, * I have come 
to talk to you about religion, and to pray with you. If you 
are willing: to receive me for this purpose, I will stop ; if not, 




I will go on.' ' Only one/ says Bangs himself, * repulsed me 
through the entire day ; all others heard my exhortations and 
allowed me to pray with them. I entered one house where I 
found the family at dinner. I talked with them for a time, 
and then proposed prayer. When I arose from my knees the 
man was in a profuse perspiration, and looking me in the face 
with emotion, said, ' Sir, I believe you pray in the Spirit.' 
I gave him a word of advice, and left him a thankful, perhaps 
an awakened man." "Some, however," says Dr. Stevens, 
" held eager disputes with him on theological questions, and 
most were more inclined to show their rustic skill in polemics 
than to join in his earnest devotions; but all treated him 
kindly, except a stout High-Churchman, a rude emigrant, who 
avowed himself to * be of the High Church of England, artd 
a believer in her articles and prayer-book.' He became so 
enraged at the preacher's citation of the Church Catechism on 
the Sacramental sign of * inward grace a new birth unto 
righteousness,' that he vociferously threatened to 'pitch liin), 
neck and heels,' out of his cabin, and would probably have 
done so, had it not been for the interference of his daughter." 
126. He relates a frontier life anecdote^ to the following 
effect: "There was quite an awakening among the people, 
and many sought redemption in the blood of Christ, so that 
several societies were formed. But there .was a marked line 
of distinction between the righteous and the wicked, there 
being but few who were indifferent or outwardly moral to 
interpose between them. All showed openly what they were, 
by words and actions, and either accepted religion heartily, or 
opposed it violently ; the great majority, though most of them 
would come to hear me preach, were determined opposers." 
** Such," says his biographer, "is the character of frontier 
communities. Moral restraints are feeble among them ; con- 
ventional restraints are few; the freedom of their simple, 



^ 0A6S, AN0 

wilderness life characterizes all their habits ; thcj have their 
own code of decorum, and sometimes of law itself. They are 
frank, hospitable, but violent in prejudice and passion ; fond 
of disputation^ of excitement, and of hearty, if not reckless 
amusements. The primitive Methodist preachers knew well 
how to accommodate themselves to the habits, and also to the 
fare of such people, and hence their extraordinary success 
along the whole American frontier. Their simple and familiar 
methods of worship in cabins and barns, or under trees, suited 
the rude settlers. Their meetings were without the order and 
ceremonious formality of older communities. They were often 
scenes of free debate, of interpellations and interlocutions ; a 
hearer at the door-post or window responding to, or qtiestion- 
ing, or defying the preacher, who ^ held forth' from a chair, a 
bench, or a barrel, at the other end of the building. This 
popular freedom was not without its advantages ; it author, 
ized equal freedom on the part of the preacher ; it allowed 
great plainness of speech and directness of appeal. The early 
memoranda before me afford not a few glimpses of this 
primitive life of the frontier — crowded congregations in log 
huts or barns — some of the hearers seated, some standing, 
(Bome filling the unglazed casements, some thronging the 
overhanging trees — startling interjections thrown into the 
sermon by eccentric listeners — ^vioIent polemics between th( 
the preacher and head-strong sectarists, the whole assembly 
sometimes involved in earnest debate, some for, some against 
him, and ending in general conflision. A lively Methodist 
hymn was usually the best means of restoring order in such 
cases. Our itinerant was never confounded by these interrup- 
tions. He had a natural tact and a certain authoritative 
presence, an air of command, qualified by a concessive temper, 
which seldom failed to control the roughest spirits. He was 
often characteristic, if not directly personal, in his preaching, 




with naive, if not ludicrous results. On one occasion he was 
contrasting the characters of the righteous and the wicked> 
'when an apparently well-meaning man,' he writes, sitting 
before me, said aloud, ' How do you know that, Sir V I 
made him no reply, but proceeded with the delineations of the 
godless character, and then remarked, * It matters not what 
your condition or name is, if you do thus wickedly you will 
be damned.* He arose, bowed very respectfully, and said, 
'My name isBenaiah Brown, at your service,' and sat down 
again. Some of my friends, thinking he meant to make dis- 
turbance, went toward him to put him out of the house. I 
requested them to let him alone, as he had not disturbed me 
at all, but seemed full of respect. After the meeting he 
remained, and in conversation with him, I asked him how he 
came to address me in the manner he did. He replied, * You 
described my character so accurately that I thought you knew 
all about me, and that I might as well give you my name and 
have done with it.' I gave him some good advice, and we 
parted on the best of terms. Ho was a stranger in the place ; 
the Word had evidently taken hold upon his heart, and I may 
hope its effects were lasting.' ' 

' 127. A more direct case, in the person of a fiddler, occuried 
about ten miles from what we now call Toronto. ** There 
was," says Dr. B., " a great awakening among the people, but 
an inveterate fiddler seemed set on by the great adversary to 
contest the victory with me inch by inch. He had earned 
oonisderable money as the musician of the winter-night 
dancing parties of the settlers ; but he was now willing to 
fiddle for nothing, if they would meet to dance and frolic 
rather than to pray. He contrived every possible method to 
keep the young people from our meetings. For some time he 
carried matters with a high hand, and the war was at last 




fally opened between ns. One Sabbath morning, however, I 
fairly caught him. I was preaching on Gal. v. 19-21, and 
when I came to th<^ word ' revelings,' I applied it 'to his 
tactics, and said, ' I do not know that the devil's musician is 
here to day ; I do not see him anywhere.' Bat he was sitting 
in a corner oat of my sight, and he now put out his head and 
cried out, ^Here I am, ha! ha! ha!* — making the place 
ring with his langhter. 'Ay,' said I, 'you are there, are 
you 1 ' and turning toward him, I addressed him in language of 
rebuke and warning. I finally told him that if he did not 
cease to allare the young people into sinful amusements, I 
would pray God either to convert him or to take him out of 
the way, and I had no doubt that Ood would answer my 
prayer. The power of GK)d evidently fell upon the assembly; 
a divine influence seemed to overpower them. The guilty 
man began to tremble all over like a leaf, and turned deathfy 
pale. He finally got up and rushed out of the house. He 
went home, burned his fiddle, and we were thenceforth rid of 
his interference with our meetings, and his opposition in the 

128. We have next to chronicle for the preacher a provi- 
dential escape. " I had," says Bangs, ** an appointment to 
preach in a small cabin, the family of which was too poor to 
entertain me over night. I therefore intended to return, as 
had been my custom, about six miles, after the sermon, for 
lodgings. I was overtaken on my way to the place by a sleigh 
with three men in it. I turned my horse out of the road and 
let them pass me ; but they no sooner did so than they stopped 
and began vociferating blasphemies and blackguard language 
at me ; and if I attempted to pass them they would drive on, 
obstruct the way, and thus prevent my going forward. In this 
manner they continued to annoy me for about half an hour. 




keeping up an uncesising stream jof Billingsgate. I made 
them no reply. They at length drove on, and left me to 
pursue my way in peace. In the evening, as I rbsie up to 
preach, these three men stood looking in at the door, and as I 
was standing at the door post they closed up the entrance, and 
were close at my right hand. I requested them to take seats ; 
two of them did so, but the other kept his place. I gave out 
my text, Daniel y, 27, ' Thou art weighed in the balances and 
found wanting.' In the introduction to the discourse I made 
some remarks about Belshazzer's impious feast ; I enlarged on 
the prevailing drinking habits of the settlers^ and observed 
that these people were not contented to drink in taverns 
and in their own houses, but carried bottles of runk^ in tbeir 
pockets. The man who still stood at my right hand had a 
bottle in his pocket ; he drew it forth^ shook it in my face 
with on oath, exclaiming^ * You are driving that at me^' and 
kept up a continual threat. The owner of the house, who was 
a warm friend of mine, instantly arose, with two or three 
others, all trembling with indignation, and catne toward the 
offender to seize him and thrust him away. Perceiving their 
design, I feared there would be bloodshed, and requested thorn 
to desist and take their seats, for I was not afraid of my 
opposer. They sat down, but this only seemed to enrage the 
man the more. He kept on swearing, with his clenched fist 
directed at me ; but I continued my discourse unmoved by 
his threats, until I finally called on the God of Daniel, who 
delivered him from the lions, to deliver me from this lion-like 
sinner, when suddenly he escaped out of the door and fled ; 
his two companions followed him, and we ended the meeting 
in peace. My friends, fearing I might meet with some peril 
should I attempt to return that night, as it was supposed that 
these ruffians knew that I intended to do so, persuaded me 
to stay all night. It was well I did so, for these men lay in 




ambuBh for me, and seeing a traveller approadi on borsebacky 
one of them said with an oath^ ' There he is, let us have him,' 
blaspheming and cursing him as the Methodist Preacher. 
They caught him, and were preparing to wreak their vengeance 
cm him, bat soon discovered that thej had committed an 
egregious blunder. The asssnled traveller, seeing his perilr 
turned upon them boldly, and showing a hearty disposition to 
fighty notwithstanding the odds against him, and using a style 
of language surprisingly like their own, they became con- 
vinced that he could be no Methodist Preacher^ and took to 
their heda** [This gentleman was a Mr. Hall, who himself 
related the circumstance to the Bev. Fitch Eeid in after 
years.} 'IThus God saved me from these ravening wolves. I 
blessed his luupae, and learned to trust more than ever in his 
protectujg Providence. No little good resulted from this 
incident; it raised me up many friends; opposers even 
became ashan^ed oi^ the malisons rowdies, and were now ready 
to defend me.' ' l^m^ of th^ i^ig^borhopds were extremely 
new ; in some the people had not yet a single stable for the 
accommodation of my hprse. I earried with ];ne oats for 
him, and, tying him to a tree, left him to eat at night, and 
ate and slept myself in the same room in which I preached* 
This I had to do frequently ; but God was with me, blessing 
my own soul and the people." 

129. He sometimes met with things more hilarious and 
less malignant than the above, but scarcely less disagreeable. 
*< On the Ist of February, 1802," says his biographer, " he 
set off to attend some preaching appointments which he had 
ipade along the lake shore. < The roads,' says Bangs, ' were 
bad, most of the country being new, and in some places a con- 
tinuous fqrcbt of from ten to fifteen miles extent. About sun> 
set I came to a creek, the bridge of which was so broken that 
my horse would not cross upon U, neither could I lead or 




drive him over the ice, as the middle of the creefe was not 
frozen, hut the current ran rapidly, making a noise with the 
broken ice that frightened him. I went up and down the 
stream for a considerable distance in the snow and ice to find 
a place on which I might cross. J. was more than an hour in 
making this useless effort. Being compelled either to stay 
in the woods all night or return, of the two evils I chose the 
latter. I found, on my way back, an Indian trader's house, 
where a number of people were assembled to celebrate the 
New Year. They were singing and dancing, and drinking at 
a high rate. I offered money if any two of the men would 
go with me and help me over the creek, but none of them would 
consent, for the night had fallen and it was cold. The man 
of the house assured me that if I would stay jfith him over 
night I should be well treated. I accordingly put up my 
horse and entered the house. I declined the whiskey which 
was offered me, but told the woman of the house that I should 
be thankful for something to eat, as I had eaten nothing since 
early in the morning. She kindly prepared me a good supper. 
Seating myself by the fire, I commenced a conversation with 
the woman on the subject of religion. I found that she was 
a backslidden Baptist. While talking with her one and an- 
other drew near and formed quite a group of listeners ; until 
finally so many assembled around me, that the dance could not 
go on. A large athletic man now stepped up to me and said, 
*' Sir, if you will remain here, you will make us civil : you 
must not preach.*' I replied, "1 am not preaching ; but as 
Providence has cast my lot among you, I think it my duty to 
talk with those who are willing to hear me on the things that 
make for their eternal peace. You will not deprive me of this 
privilege ; ^ill you? " " No," said he, ** but we must dance.'* 
And he seized the women and dragged them out upon the 
floor, and resumed the dance with great hilarity. This 



100 CASE, AOT) 

thoy contiimed till nearly midnight. T (hen saiJ to the chief 
trader, who had become very friendly with roe, ** With your 
permission, I will address a few words to the people." He as- 
sented, and requested them to give attention. I arose and ad- 
dressed them in substance as follows : '^ It is now midnight» 
and the holy Sabbath is begun. You have amused yourselves 
with dancing, I think, long enough to satisfy you, if not to 
fatigue you ; and if you continue it any longer you will not 
only be transgressing the law of God, but likewise the law of 
your country. I advise you therefore to desist, and to retire 
to rest." They complied so far as to cease dancing. But the 
Indian trader came to me and said, ** The Indians are encamp- 
ed a short distance fi om us, and they expect a dance here, as 
I have promised them one." He asked my permission to let 
them have it I replied I had no control over his house or the 
Indians, but if he would dispense with the revel he would 
highly gratify me, and, I doubted not, please God. He rejoin- 
ed, that as he had promised them the dance they would expect 
it. He then went to the door and gave the Indian whoop, 
and down came the savages and began an Indian dance, which, 
with their drumming on an old pan, their frequent yells, their 
stamping and bodily distortions, presented a spectacle fit for 
pandemonium. I requested the trader to assist me in convers- 
ing with them. To this ho assented, when the chief of the 
Indians presented himself before me with great dignity and 
gravity. I asked him if he knew whence he had descended* 
He replied, ** Yes ; the Great Spirit at first made one man and 
one woman, placed them on an island about an acre in size ; 
thence they were driven out for an act of disobedience to the 
oontinent, and from them they were descended." I then gave 
him an account of tlie creation of the world, of man in purti- 
cular of his fall and its consequences. I asked him if he had 
ever heard of Jesus Christ. He replied, '* No I " I then 




gave him an account of our Lord's birth, his life, miracles and 
teachings, his sufferings and death. While describing the 
death of Christ, the chief pointed to his heart and lifted his 
eyes and hands towards heaven, apparently filled with amaze- 
ment. When I had concluded, he clasped me in his arms, 
kissed me, and called me father, and entreated me to come and 
live with him and be the teacher of his people. After assur- 
ing him of my affection for them, and the deep interest I felt 
in their eternal welfare, I told him that I could not comply 
with his request, but that the time was not far distant when a 
Christian teacher should be sent to them. They then retired 
to their encampment.'* Alas ! that twenty-one long years 
should have been allowed to pass before the Christian teacher 
was sent, during which time, no doubt, all the seniors of that 
band, and scores of others, passed away, dying in pagan dark- 
ness. We almost think Mr. Bangs ^led in his duty in not 
obeying that call. But perhaps he thought the ** Christian 
savages " claimed his first regards. 

130. *' But the worst of this strange night," he continues, 
'* was still to come. There were two traders present, one 
of whom, the head man, had become intoxicated, and still 
wanted more liquor. The other refused to let him have 
it. The dispute ran high, and the drunken trader raised 
his fist to strike the other, when I stepped in between 
them and arrested the blow. He then swore that if 
he was not allowed more whiskey, he would call the 
Indians and fall upon and murder us all. Ho accordingly 
went to the door and gave the murderous ' whoop,' and the 
Indians came rushing to the hoube. Meantime, those within 
armed themselves as well as they could with sticks and clubs, 
determined to defend themselves to the utmost. I shuddered 
for the consequences. The enraged man then said, ' Here are 
my p;uards at the door. If you will give me more whiskey, 



102 CASE. AND 

well ; if you will not, they shall fall upon you, and we will 
murder you all/ * Will you ? ' the other exclaimed, and lift- 
ed his hand to strike him down. I again stepped between 
them, and placing my hand upon the drunken man^s shoulder, 
said, * Come, my friend, let us go to sleep. If you will be my 
friend, I will be youths.* He consented. We laid down upon 
a bed| and in a few minutes he was asleep. I then arose. The 
Indians had retired to their camp ; and at dawn I started on 
my way, persuading two men to accompany me to the creek 
and help me over by laying logs on the broken bridge. I 
passed on, praising God for delivering me from the perils of 
this dismal night, and for enabling me to prevent the shedding 
of blood, as well as for the pleasing interview I had with the 
Indian chief.'' 

131. The hardships which Mr. Bangs endured, some of 
which we have recorded, brought on at length a severe illness 
"He pursued,'* says his biographer, "his labors on the Bay of 
Quinte Circuit with much success till the autumn, when thq 
typhus fever broke out, and raged as an epidemic through 
most of the settlements. In some of them it prevailed so gen- 
erally that there remained not persons enough in health to 
take care of the sick. -Many perished ; but the preacher held 
on his course, ministering to the diseased and dying, till he 
himself was seized with the pestilence. About the middle of 
December he was obliged to give up his labors and take to his 
bed. He was thoroughly medicated, but the medical skill of 
the country was yet very imperfect, and it was still the day in 
which, contrary to the imperative and instinctive dictates of 
nature, cold water, the best relief in febril disease, was scru- 
pulously denied to the languishing patient. In three days 
after his attack he became delirious. His paroxisms were 
sometimes so violent that it required three men to hold him in 
his bed. He demanded water, and it was denied him. The 




intensity of his disease not only deranged his reason, but be- 
clouded his religions feelings. At times he was in spiritual 
ecstacy, bat his raptures were followed by the deepest dejection* 
in which he says, * Any duty which I had neglected, or any 
cross I had shunned, came vividly to my recollectioH. I 
mourned, prayed, and expressed my doubts and fears to the 
friends that attended me. They endeavored to comfort me by 
reminding me of the goodness of God in blessing me so often ; 
but these considerations afforded me no relief I pleaded for 
consolation ta the name of Christ, and help came at last. To 
record all the wild experiences of a mind bewildered with a 
burning fever, would afford no satis^ctioo, but there is an 
important lesson to be learned fi-om this example of the effect 
of disease on religious feeling ; suffering saints should under- 
stand it well, and so should also their ministering friends, who 
often suffer keenly by sympathy in such cases. The clouds 
which obscure the sun do not extinguish him. Many things 
that occurred in this trial I should haY« never known had I 
not been informed of them by my attendants, wIk) tenderly 
watched over me in my anguish ; but some things I remember 
as distinctly as any events of my life. This I know that 
after being delivered from my mental distress, I was extreme- 
ly happy in God, and desired to depart and be with Christ. So 
low was I that the people were called in twice or thrice to see 
me die.''' 

132. From the above mentioned state of frenzyiog agony, 
he was delivered, in the Providence of God, by following the 
dictates of nature against the absurd prohibitions of an ignor- 
ant medical practice. ** I arose from my bed," he writes, 
''dressed myself, put on my over-coat, hat and Aittens, and 
tottered to the door, which they had so fastened that I could 
not open it Seeing a pail of water standing on a bench in the 



101 CASE, AND 

room, I seized hold of it ; but, alas, I had nri strength to lift 
ity and dare Dot stoop down to drink, for I was so weak I should 
have fallen prostrate. Seeing me so eager, one of the attend- 
ants approached and lifted the pail to my mouth, and I drank 
as long as I had strength to swallow. This is the last I can 
remember of the scene. The family told me I sat down in a 
chair and continued calling for cold water, which was now 
fireelj given to nae, as they now considered my life hopeless. 
I at last told them to lay me in bed. I there prayed mightily 
to God for his blessing. The room was now full of people, 
for they had been called m to see me die. The next thing I 
remember is that the heavens seemed to be opened above mc, 
and the glory of God, like a sudden blaze of lightning, illumi- 
nated the apartment I uttered aloud the praises of the Lord 
until my strength was exhausted, the people adoring Ilim with 
me. How long I lay senseless after this ecstacy, I know not 
When I came to myself, it seemed like awakening from a 
pleasing dream. My soul was exceedingly happy, but my 
physical strength was so exhausted that I could not raise my 
hand to my head, nor could I utter a loud word ; and when I 
became al^le to articulate, my voice was like that of an infant. 
My fever, however, was gone, and returned no more except in 
some slight symptoms at intervals. I recovered my strength 
very slowly, having taken a very violent cold, which was ac- 
companied with a distressing cough, and the expectoration of 
abundance of blood. Most of those who saw me supposed 
that I would not live long, but God in mercy raised me up 
from the gates of death. 0, the goodness of God ! the preci- 
ousnesi^ of the Lord Jesus I " 

133. •* ^e had been confined to his bed seven weeks and 
three days,*' says Dr. Stevens ; " three months passed before 
he could attempt to preachy and even then his voice was so 




feeble that be could hardly be heard. His friends believed he 
could ne^mr recover enough to resume his labors, and his phy- 
sician concurred in this opinion. The cough and expectora- 
tion of blood which followed the fever, so affected his lungs that 
Jiis first attempts to rise were attended with acute pains, but 
he persisted, %nd horse-back riding was probably itself the re- 
medy that at last saved him. The feebleness of his voice, how- 
eVir, occasioned an unnatural effort to speak loud enough to 
be heard, and to this he ascribes the * double sort of voice' 
which continued through his long life. Many of his hearers 
have noticed it as a singularity, and perhaps condemned it as 
a faulty mannerism, little supposing that, like the scarred and 
mutilated confessors at the Council of Nice, he thus in our 
happier times, and before our opulent Churches, ' bore in his 
body the marks of the Lord Jesus ;' a memento of the heroic 
days of our ministry.*' llie author of this book can deeplyt 
sympathize with these observations. He knows a minister 
whose best efforts have been often spurned and depreciated, 
because of the dissonant and unmanageable tones of a strained 
and unmusical voice, induced by preaching daily , often un- 
der the influence of a cold and hoarseness, in log-shanties, the 
mosj inelastic and worst of all places for the transmission of 
sound, at the time of life when the voice itself was changing 
from hoyish to manly tones, none caring to make allowance 
for the cause. But God sometimes overruled the peculiarity 
of Dr; Bangs' voice for good. ** This deep, tremulous under- 
tone of voice, though usually not agreeable, took at times a pe- 
culiar pathos. How much more affecting would it have been 
had his hearers in his latter years known that it was caused by 
his attempts to preach the everlasting Gospel through the fron- 
tier wilderness when he was apparently a dying man. Sick- 
ness in the family of his colleague rendered it necessary that 

he should thus prematurely resume his labors on the Circuit." 



106 CASE, AND 

134. We might easily fill many more pag^, out of this ond 
biography, with hardships endured, but shall barely give the 
particulars of one more adventure, which we merely referred 
to in the course of our continuous narrative. It was a night 
in the "Long Woods/' between Mbraviantown and Delaware. 
Providentially he had a fellow traveller, or his c(Jhdition would 
have been more melancholy. " Mounting their horses," says 
Dr. S., " early in the morning they entered the woods. There 
was snow two inches deep on the ground ; the streams were 
high, and still open ; the mud often up to the knees of their 
horses ; they frequently had to strip them of saddle and bridle 
and drive them over the creeks, and then pass ever themselves 
on logs. The route was sombre in its winter desolation. Night 
overtook them on the banks of a stream, and it was impossible 
to continue their course after dark. They resigned theuftelves 
therefore to sleep in the woods. They had carried with them 
softie food for themselves and their horses, and flint, steel, and 
an Indian tomahawk, for use as they might have need. * We 
constructed,' he says, ' a small wigwam of branches of trees 
and shrubs. My companion attempted to strike fire for us, 
but his hands were so stiffened with the cold that he failed. I 
succeeded with flint, steel and a piece of " punk," and we kin- 
dled a rousing flame, heaping on brush and logs. It melted 
the snow and soon dried the surface of the ground some dis- 
tance around. We tied our horses to trees, gave them some 
oats, ate some food ourselves, went to the creek and drank, and 
then, having prayed, lay down to sleep in our booth, the stars 
shining brightly above us, and the wind moaning through the 
solemn woods. After three hours I found my companion up 
and shivering over the fire, which had nearly burnt out. 
•* Come," said I, "let us get more fuel and rouse it up again.*' 
We did so, and soon were comfortable. We then sat down by 
it, and spent the remainder of the night in conversation. It 




was a wild, picturesque scene, and the hours passed agreeably 
as well as profitably. At the break of day we mounted our 
horses and went onward.' " 

We must not make these retrospective records so long as to 
cause the reader to forget the period of which we are treating^ 
but proceed to consider the subiect of our next division. 





1. The « Tipper Canada District,*' as a laborer in which 
Case was now appointed, extended nominally trom the Biver 
Detroit in the West (although the Thames country was vacant 
for the present) to Ottawa Eiver, the settlements on both 
udes of which were included in the Circuit of that name, and, 
as we have conjectured, Montreal, which returned twenty 
members to the Conference at the session at which our hero 
was appointed to Canada^ as it was probably the residence 
and special charge of the Presiding Elder, the Eev. Samuel 
CoatCy embracing the continuous frontier of the whole country. 
The preachers, no doubt, extended their labors also into the 
interior as far as any considerable settlements had been made. 
Tbe River Thames was settled upon, which runs parallel to 
Lake Erie at something like the breadth of a township^ at 
various intervals, as far up as Delaware, not far from where 
the City of London now stands^ Also the shore of Lake Erie, 
parallel to these Eiver Settlements. West and East Oxford 
were settled, and Burford, as also there were white settlers on 
the Indian lands through the vicinity of what we now call 
Brantford to the Township of Ancaster, along what was called 
the «* Mohawk Road/' The ''(Jovemor's Road,'' which 
starts at ** Coat's Paradise," near Dundas, and runs between 
the Townships of Flamboro' West, on the one side, and 




Beverly and Ancaster on the other, westward on to London, 
was opened the very year of Mr. Case's arrival (1805) and' 
doubtless began to be settled on at once. There had been 
settlers along the Grand Kiver in the Townships of Dumfries 
(South and North) and Waterloo since 1800 ; and they were 
re-inforced this very year by several other families who came 
and settled in the township of Waterloo. These were of 
Dutch, or German extraction from Pennsylvania. As they 
spoke or understood the English language but indifferently, 
and were mostly of the Menonist persuasion, we are of opinion 
that no Methodist preacher had yet visited them. We sus- 
pect that the Copetown settlement, in Beverly, was as far north 
as they had then penetrated in that direction. Yocge Street 
had been opened, as a military road, as early as 1792, or 1793, 
and was peopled as far north us the " Quaker Settlement^ ' for 
it gave name to one of the Circuits, and Bangs had labored 
there three years before our present era. The Eideau River, 
we have seen, was settled on some years before ; and there 
were settlers on the North side of the Ottawa River, above 
where the city of that name now stands, before even the Ridoau 
settlement was planted, for some of the first Rideau settlers 
went in by that route. 

2. The work was divided into seven Circuits. To b^n 
with the most Easterly, the Ottatva^ Mr. Perry, at that early 
day did not extend his labours farther West than the Seignory 
of Longueil. There was a Society at La Chute, within thirty 
miles of Montreal, which city the Ottawa preacher very likely 
supplied in the absence of the Presiding Elder, who resided 
there. They went down the rivcr-sido as far, at least, as 
South Bay, several miles below Sl Andrews, where there wag 
a class at an early day, the sole survivors of which the authoi 
found to be, in 1832-3, •* Father and Mother Karkaner," in 




tb.e winter of which year the old geatieman was gathered to 
his fathers, in hope of immortality. We are not sure that 
the other side of the river was occupied so far down as Cote 
St. Charles at that early day, as we know it was, not many 
years after. — The Ostoegctchie Circuit included the whole 
country along the St. Lawrence, firom where Gananoqne now 
stands to the Township of Cornwall, and comprised the set 
tlements in Bastard, Croshy, and those along the Bideau in 
Montague, Wolford, Oxford, South Gower, and, perhaps, in 
some parts of Mountain. The Long Point Circuit would then 
include all the settlements West of the Grand River not com 
prised in the Thames country, as far West as the Town- 
ship of Dunwich, in which Col. Talbot had commenced his colo- 
nization operations three years before ; for there were some 
settlements in Burford, Needham, Windham, Charlotteville, 
Walsingham, Houghton, Bayham, (perhaps in Norwich and 
Deerham) Malahide, South Dorchester, Yarmouth, Southwold^ 
Delaware, Westminister, North Dorcl .ester, and West and 
East Oxford, at least along the road, even in these rear Town- 
ships. This was a pretty formidable field of labor for one 
man. — Niagara Circuit would extend clear across the Penin- 
sula, from Lake Ontario to Lake Erie, and as far West as 
Ancaster and Flamboro' West, including parts of twenty or 
twenty three townships, a field CTen more laborious than the 
one just previously mentioned. — Smith's Creek Circuity we 
know when first organized, came as far east as Thurlow, the 
," Mohawk Woods" being the barrier between it and the Bay of 
Quinte. It would, therefore, include that township, Sidney, 
Murray, in which there were not many settlers, Cramahe, 
Haldimand, Jlamilton, and Hope, at least, through which 
the stream meandered which fi;ave name to the Circuit as it 
did to all that part of the country before the names of Co- 
bourfr and Port Hope were invented. The stream itself took 




its name from a Mr. Smith, first an Indian trader^ who settled 
at its mouth where Port Hope now flourishes. We are quite 
sure the Circuit included Clarke. But where the boundary 
between it and the Yonge Street was we are not so certain. We 
know that some years after when the name Smith's Creek had 
given place to Cobourg, and the Belleville part had been dis- 
membered from it, this, its natural successor, went so far west- 
ward as to include the township of Whitby, which we opine, 
however, had not many settlers till after the period (1805) of 
which we write. — Yonge Street Circuit included "Little York,'* 
which had been the seat of Government seven years, in which 
the preachers labored off and on, but in which there was no 
permanent society for twelve or thirteen years after. It might 
have included some parts of the " New Purchase,'' which em- 
braced the " old surveys " of Toronto, Trafalgar, and perhaps 
Nelson. The last two named show they were surveyed and 
settled subsequently to the British Admiral's exploits being 
known, whose name, and the name of one of whose victories 
they bear — the battle of Trafalgar being won at the expense 
of the hero's life, on the 21st of October of the very year of 
which we write (1805). So also it included the townships on 
both sides of the "street," from the Bay of Toronto to Lake 
Simcoe; such as, Scarboro', York, Etobiooke, Vaughan, 
Markham, King, Whitchurch, and East and West Gwillims- 
bury. No sinecure was this field of labor either. — Last of all 
comes Mr.Case's own Circuit, the Baj/ of Quinte, traversed both 
by himself and his laborious colleague each once in four weeks. 
It included all the " First Ten Townsj^ as they were for a long 
time called— *« the first," "second," "third," ''fourth," ''fifth," 
*• sixth," and so on, on both sides of the Bay, excepting Sidney 
aadThurlow, which were the " eighth " and '* ninth ;" or other- 
wise — Kingston, Fredericksburgh, Adolphustown, Marysburg, 
Hallowell, Sophiasburgh, Hillier,and perhaps ^r« of Amelias- 



112 CASE, AMD 

burgh, the nortli side of which was supplied from the other 
side of the Bay, the preachers crossing in a canoe« — eight 
town ships, at least ; and - perhaps^also, parts of Pittsburg, 
Loboroughy Biohmond, and Portland. This field was not so 
wide as some others, but it was more densely settled than 
most, and the preaching places were probably more numerous* 
This ground contained within it many of the most respectable 
of the early Methodist families of the Provioce, whose names 
ought not be allowed to perish firom our history : such as the 
Clarkes, and Perrys, and Nevilles, and Switzers, and Sboreye^ 
and Maddens, and Prindles, and Yandusens, and Hawleys 
and Sills, and Gilberts, and. Dorlands, and Bogerts, and 
Petersons, and Hoovers, and Dugalds, and Fergusons, and 
Dulmages, and scores of others, nature's noblemen, who hy 
ijrace were made to be of <^ the excellent of the earth." 

3. Among the people in general, especially the young peo- 
ple, Case *^ took '' at once, on account of his youth and beauty, 
his amiable spirit and winning manners, but especially his 
powers of song, in which he excelled, and which he made to 
subserve the great object of his ministry. He wfts wont theo, 
and for many years after, when he finished his sermon, which 
was always persuasive, to break out in one of his melodious 
strains, by which he first spell bound and then melted his aud- 
itors. Next, he would pass around the room, shaking hands 
and speaking a word to each, perhaps throwing his arms around 
the necks of the young men, and entreating them with tears to 
give their hearts to Ood. There was no society in the town of 
Kingston, and its inhabitants were very irreligious. The mar- 
ket house was the only chapel of the Methodists. Case and 
his colleague made a bold push to arouse the people. Some- 
times they went together. Ryan was a powerful singer, too, 
with a voice less sweet but stronger. Tbev would ride into 




town, pat toeir iiorses at an Idd, lock arms, and go singing 
down the street a stirring ode beginning with 

" Come let us march to Zion^s h^lU' 

By the time they had reached the market place, they usually 
had collected a large assembly. When together, Ryan usually 
preached, and Case exhorted, for which he had a peculiar gift. 
Ryan's stentorian voice resounded through the town, and was 
heard across the adjacent waters to the neighboring points of 
land. They suffered no particular opposition, excepting a lit- 
tle annoyance from some of the baser sort, who sometimes 
tried to trip them off the butcher's block which constituted 
their rostrum ; set fire to their hair, and then blow out their 
ean^e if it were in the night season. This was accomplished 
one evening by a wicked sailor, who theh sung out, " Come 
on, boys, and see the Devil dance on a butcher's block I" Such 
opposition the preachers regarded trivial, and held on. An 
intelligent and respectable man, who years afterwards became 
converted, and was a leader and local preacher among the 
Methodists, in conversation with the author, dated his first 
convictions in boyhood from having heard the then youthful 
William Case preach from a butcher's block in the Kingston 

•if. During this year, as Camp Meetings were beginning to 
be found a great instrumentality for good, one was introduced 
for the first time into Canada, and that one was held on Mr 
Case's Circuit. It was held on the land of Peter Huff, on 
the shore of Hay Bay, not far from the Adolphustown Chapel. 
Tiic preachers present, beside Case and Ryan, were Pickett, 
fCceler, Madden, and Bangs. We give an account of it from 
the graphic pen of Dr. Abel Stevens, found in his life of the 
Rev. Dr. Bangs, who was present, and from whose personal 
description the account is engrossed. I give this rather thaa 



114 OASB» AND 

the account by Mr. Playteri it being the testimony of an eye- 
witness aod an actor in the scenes. *' This first Camp Meet- 
ing in Canada appeared to Dr; Bangs a salient fact in the his- 
tory of Canadian Methodism. lie therefore made particular 
notes concerning it. They show that the confusion incidental, 
if not inevitable, to such occasions, occurred, but also that it 
was attended by extraordinary displiiys of the favor and 
power of God. 

5. ''Its commencement beforehand excited great interest 
far and near. Whole families prepared for a pilgrimage to the 
ground. Processions of waggons and foot passengers wended 
along the highways.'' [And he might have added, as we 
learn from another source, some came in boats from up the 
Bay.] '' With two pf his fellow evangelists^ our itinerant had 
to take his course from a remote appointment through a range 
of forest thirty miles in extent. They hastened forward, con- 
versing on religious themes, praying or singing, and eager with 
expectation of the moral scene about to open. They arrived 
In time t<^ commence the meeting on the 27th of September, 
altogether only about two hundred and fifty people had yet 
reached the ground. The exercises began with singing and 
prayer, and a short sermon on the text, * Brethren, pray.* Sev- 
eral exhortations followed, and after an intermission of about 
twenty minutes, another sermon was delivered on < Christ our 
wisdom, righteousness, sanctification and redemption.' Some 
lively exhortations again followed, and the Spirit of the Lord 
seemed to move among the people. After an interruption of 
an hour and a half, a prayer- meeting was held, and towards 
its close, the power of God descended on the assembly, and 
songs of victory and praise resounded through the forest. The 
battle thus opened, the exercises continued with preaching, ex- 
hortation, and singing, until midnight ; then the people re- 
tired to their booths. The night was clear and serene, and 




the scene being new to ns, a peculiar solemnity rested upon 
all our minds. The lights glowing among the trees and above 
the tents, and the voice of prayer and praise mingling and as- 
cending into the starlight night, altogether inspired the heart 
with emotions better felt thun described. During this meet- 
ing six persons pas&ed from death unto life. At five o'clock 
Saturday morning a prayer-meeting was held, and at ten 
o'clock a sermon was preached on the text, 'My people are 
destroyed for lack of knowledge.' At this time the congrega- 
tion had increased to perhaps twenty-five hundred, and the 
people of Grod were seated together on logs near the stand, 
while a crowd were standing in a semi circle around them. 
During the sermon I felt an unusual sense of the Divine presence^ 
and thought I could see a cloud of Divine glory rest upon the 
congregation. The circle of spectators unconsciously fell back 
step by step, until quite a space was opened between them and 
those who were seated. At length I sprang from my seat to 
my feet. The preacher stopped, and said, ' Take it up and go 
on I ' * No,* I replied, ' I rise not to preach.' I immediately 
descended from the stand among the hearers ; the rest of the 
preachers all spontaneously followed me, and we went among 
the people, exhorting the impenitent and comforting the dis- 
tressed; for while Christians were filled with 'joy unspeak- 
able and full of glory,' many a sinner was praying and weeping 
in the surrounding crowd. These we collected in little groups, 
and exhorted God's people to join in prayer with them, and not 
to leave them till he should save their souls. what a scene 
of tears and prayers was this I I suppose that not less than 
a dozen little praying circles were thus formed in the course 
of a few minutes. It was truly affecting to see parents weep- 
ing over their children, neighbors exhorting their unconverted 
neighbors to repent, while all, old and young, were awe-struck. 
The wicked looked on with silent amazement, whUe they be- 



116 CASB, AND 

held some of their eompanions struck down dj the mighty 
power of Qod, and heard his people pray for them. The 
mingled voices of prayer and praise were heard afar off, and 
produced a solemn ^e apparently upon all niinds. Struck 
by the grandeur of the spectacle and the religious interests of 
the crowd* a preacher mounted the stand and proclaimed for 
his text^ ' Behold he cometh with clouds, and every eye shall 
see him/ The meeting continued all night, and few, I 
think, slept that night. During this time some forty persons 
were converted or sanctified. 

6. ''On Sabbath morning, as the naiural sun arose in 
splendor, darting its rays through the forest, we presented 
ourselves before its Maker, and poured out our songs of thanks- 
giving to the Lord of the Universe. We felt that our 
earthly sacrifice was accepted, for the ' Sun of Righteousness* 
shone upon our souls, and ' mad^ all within us rejoice.' We 
could sing with faith : — 

' NoHc is like Jeshur<m's Qod, 

So great, so stroog, so highl 
Lo ! ho spreads his wings abroad, 

He rides upon the sky I 
Israel is his first born sou ; 

God, the Almighty God, is thine 
See him to thy help come down, 

The excellence divine.' 

"After Dreak&st, a host being on the ground, we held a 
love-feast. The interest and excitement were so great, and 
the congregation so large, that while some assembled around 
the standf a preacher mounted a waggon at a distance and 
addressed a separate congregation. The impression of the 
word was universal, the power of the Spirit was manifested 
throughout the whole encampment, and almost every tent was 
a scene of prayer. At noon the Lord's Supper was adminis- 
tered to multitudes, while other multitudes looked on with 
astonishment ^ a young woman of fashionable and high posi- 




lion in society, was smitten, and with sobs entreated the 
prayers of the people. Her sister forced her away; a 
preacher went forth without the camp and led them both back, 
followed by quite a proces»on of their friends ; a circle gathered 
around them and san^ and prayed. The unawakened sister 
was soon upon her knees praying in agony, and was first con- 
verted; the other quickly after received the peace of God, 
and they wept and rejoiced together. A backslider, who had 
become a maniac, and was in despair, was brought to the 
camp. His symptoms were like those of the New Testament 
demoniacs. It required the strength of several men to hold 
him ; especial prayer was offered for him. We first besought 
God, for Christ's sake, to restore him his faculties, which was 
done. He then earnestly prayed for himself, and before the 
meeting closed he was not only delivered from despair, but 
filled with joy and peace in believing. 

7. " The time was at hand at last for the conclusion of the 
meeting, ^he last night was the most awfully impressive and 
yet delightful scene my eyes ever beheld. There was not a 
cloud in the sky. The stars studded the firmament^ and the 
glory of God filled the camp. All the neighboring forest 
seemed vocal with the echos of hymns. Turn our attention 
which ever way we would, we heard the voice of prayer and 
praise. As it was the last night, every moment seemed pre- 
cious ; parents were praying for their children, and children 
for their parents, brothers and sisters for one another^ neigh- 
bors for neighbors, all anxious that before they left the conse- 
crated ground they should be * sealed as the heirs of salva- 
tion.' I will not attempt to describe the parting scene, for it 
was indescribable. The preachers, about to disperse to their 
distant fields of labor, hung upon each other's necks, ^w^eeping 
and yet rejoicing. Christians from remote settlements, who 
had here formed holy friendships which they CApectod would 



118 OASE, AND 

survive in heaven, parted probably to meet no more on eartb, 
but in joyful hope of re-union above. They wept, prayed, 
sang, shouted aloud, and at last had to break away from each 
other as by force. As the hosts marched off in different 
directions the songs of victory rolled* along the highways. 
Great was the good that followed. A general revival of reli- 
gion spread around the circnits, especially that of Bay Quinte^ 
on which this meeting was held. I returned to Augusta Cir- 
cuit [then called Ostaegotchie] and renewed my labors, 
somewhat worn, but full of faith and the Holy Ghost." 

8. We have not data to enable us to furnish the particulars 
of the labors of any other of the preachers during that year 
in the Province, but the revival, referred to by Dr. Banks, 
issued in a nett increase to the societies of 187 members in 
the whole district, 146 of which must be set down to the 
credit of Mr. Case's Circuit, the Bay of Quinte, more than 
three- fourths of all the accessions. Thus we see prosperity 
attended him during the first year of his itinerahcy. The 
aggregate membership for Upper Canada at the close of 
the year 1805- 6, was one thousand nine hundred and sixty 
souls. There were also the goodly number of /our hundred 
and fifteen souls on the Dunham and Stanstead Circuits, in 
the Eastern townships, connected directly with Annual Con- 
ferences in the States, which made the number of actual 
Methodists on Canadian soil no less than 2,375 in all. 

9. The Conference, at the commencement of the next 
Conference year (1806 -7) sat in the city of New iTork, on 
the 16th of May, 1806. It is not likely that Mr. Case went 
to that Conference, on account of the distance, especially as 
he was ^ot yet a member, or eligible for ordination. That 
assembly, or more properly the Bishops thereat, made several 
changes in the personal of his fellow laborers for Canada. 




The work itself was divided into two districts. Coate, the 
Presiding Elder of the previous year, being put in special 
charge of Montreal^ was to preside over a Lower Canada 
District, which consisted, however, of only three Circuits — 
Montreal, Quebec, and Ottawa, of which places more after a 

10. Case, with his brethren in Upper Canada, has this year 
a new Presiding Elder, although not new to the Province, but 
most favorably known ; this gentleman was no other than the 
apostolic Joseph Sawyer^ who has been incidentally mentioned 
before, but the full consideration of whom we have reserved 
for this place. This he specially deserves, because he married 
and settled, and spent the most of a long life in the country. 

11. Joseph Satoyer was born and brought up in or near 
the city of New York. He had received a fair English 
education, and had evidently seen good society in early life, 
by which his manners were polished into the old fashioned 
style of politeness. He was received on trial in the year 
1797, at the age of twenty six, as he told the author, which 
would make the year of his birth 1771. He was stationed 
the first year as the assistant of Joel Ketchum, on Saratoga 
Circuit. Next year he was in charge of Pittsfield, with a 
colleague. In 1799 he was received into full connection and 
made the assistant of Joseph Mitchell, a strong man^ on the 
Vergennes Circuit, some parts of which, we opine, extended 
into Lower Canada. He had for his neighbor that year on 
an adjacent Circuit (the Essex), which also extended largely 
into the Lower Province, one whom he had been his col- 
league previously for a short time, as he once informed the 
author, and who this year, in the midst of great prospects of 
success, left his Circuit under the impulse of an inward 
impression, and made his first visit to Ireland, never returning 



120 OASE, AND 

to the regular work again, except for a short time, but who 
labored prodigiously ia an irregulat way to the end of life. 
This was Lorenzo Dow. Mr. Sawyer expressed to me a high 
estimate of Dow's piety in the early part of his career, and 
represented him as wondrously successful in promoting 
revivals. Sawyer's sojourn in these border circuits was ono 
of warfare with Ultra Oalvinists. He did not profess to he a 
very successful controversialist himself, bat he said that a 
little Scotch brother, Hugh McLean, whose name appears in 
the Minutes for those times, although a mere boy, was their 
chosen and victorious champion, pitted against all comers. 
The Scotsman's own conversion from a calvanistic creed pro- 
bably made him acquainted with its weak points and the 
strong arguments against it. 

12. In 1800 Sawyer received his first appointment to Upper 
Canada, and was stationed on the Niagara Circuit. Here God 
gave him seals to his niinistry, and among others the noted 
Nathan Bangs, so often mentioned in this book, who was con- 
verted and became his assistant on the Circuit before the 
year was out He found some lively Societies on the Circuits 
lively to a degree. One of these, on the Mountain, often call- 
ed, "Methodist Mountain,'' we surmise where either Boclct 
or, perhaps. Bowman* s Chapel afterwards stood, was somewhat 
peculiar. Its member thought they must " get happy" every 
time they went to meeting, or something was wrong ; and they 
had made a solemn covenant with each other that they would 
never close one of their assemblies till every one was con- 
sciously blest. In pursuance of this plan, they usually all 
prayed aloud at once, as hard as they could, and generally 
for a longtime. This kind of practice the simple-minded and 
devout Coleman, Sawyer's immediate predecessor, had tolerated. 
The first time Mr. S. went there, when the people were as- 
sembled, he took his hymn book and commenced. When tbej 




kneeled at the close of Binging, all the people began to pray 
together, and so load as to drown his voioe. After some time 
he tried to get them off their knees, bat failing to make him- 
self heard, he let the matter go for that time, thinking it was 
some extraordinary spirit of prayer that had fallen apon them. 
Bat precisely the same thing occurred again, by which he was 
prevented from preaching a second time. On his third visit* 
like a wise man as he was, he told them before the service 
commenced that he came there to preach to them, and that 
he must have a hearing, bat that when they were alone they 
might pray as they liked. The reasonableness of this, fortu- 
nately, they had sense enough to perceive, and with some effort 
restrained their uproarious way of praying and allowed him to 
preach. We have given this incident as he related it to us, 
for the pnrposc of famishing our readers a glimpse of the 
people in that day^ and of their religious usages. 

13. He remained the next year in ^hat Circuit, having the 
youthful and eloquent Crowell for his assistant. The follow- 
ing year (1802) the Minutes place him at the head of two 
noble colleagues — ^honest Peter Yannest, and his own son in 
the Gospel, Bangs. Nathan Bangs, however, we have seen, 
from the force of circumstances, or the providence of God, was 
led to restrict his labors during the early part of the year 
to the settlements near Tonge Street, where he suffered so 
much, not, however, without counterbalancing success. So, 
likewise. Dr. Bangs, in his history of that year, says, "Mon- 
treal, in Lower Canada, was visited by Joseph Sawyer." This 
was probably not an exclusive appointment to that place, but 
one of those pioneering raids which were frequently made off 
the regular Circuit for a time, which characterized the opera-p 
tions of that day. Most likely Sawyer took advantage of 
Bangs' presence in the Bay country to go down and visit 



122 CASS, AND 

Montreal. The Doctor sayi^ *^ He foond a &w jiensoits then^ 
who had belonged to the Methodist Society in the oitj of New 
York, before the Bevolntionaiy war, who reeeiTed him cor- 
dially, and assisted him in procuring a school-room for preach- 
ing. A Mr. Maginnis and his sister, both unmarried, were 
mtiong the first who attached tbemselTes to the Society in 
Montreal, and they remained faithfiil tiiroagh all the yidssi- 
todes through which Methodism was called to pa« in thai 
dty until their deaths." 

14.' An incident was related to the writer by Mr. Sawyer 
himself, which occurred in connection with his endeavors in 
Montreal, and which will show how Methodist preachers were 
regarded in certain quarters, and the difficulties through which 
they had often to make their way. Mr. S., who was very 
apo»tolic in his appearance and spirit, and very urbane in his 
manners, thought it might be well to call on and endeavor to 
conciliate the minister of the Anglican Chul*ch in the dty. 
He did call, and when he came into the minister's presence^ 
making a polite bow, he addressed the dergyman to the fol- 
lowing effect : — ** Sir, I am a Methodist mimster sent to labor 
in this city and vicinity by Bishop Asbury ; and as yourself 
and I are the only Protestant ministers in the place, I have 
made bold to call upon you, with the desire to have some 
conversation about the interests of religion in the country.'' 
•' You, indeed I" (said his reverence, with a mingled look of 
surprise and displeasure) ** I would rather encourage the 
Roman Catholics than such as you dissenters. No I Get out 
of my sight 1'* While these words were being uttered he was 
sideling along towards where stood his trusty 6ta£^ which he 
grasped, when he came near enough, with the design of 
driving the lowly missionary from his house. Mr. Sawyer, 
finding himself in the ' wrong box,' expressed his ^ resret for 




the intrusion,' said he 'meant no oflFence,' and keeping a 
cautious eye upon his cane, * bowed hiniself out* backwards as 
deputations do from the presence of royalty, till he got beyond 
the precincts of the parsonage, when he beat a hasty retreat 
from the place of his unsuccessful advance. The state of 
Methodism in that commercial emporium at the present time, 
(1866) with its six churches and thousands o£ adherents, 
shows that the attempts of Sawyer, and those who followed 
him, were n(A wholly vain. 

15. His name stands fbr the Bay of Quinte a second ycai, 
changing Vannest for Madden as a coUes^e, He had been two 
yews out of the Piovinceat our present date (1806). These 
he had spent in his native State — the first year in the Croton 
Circuit, and the second in New Rochelle. While in one or 
other of these Circuits, as he informed the writer, he had an 
interview with the noted deistical writer, Thomas Paine, who 
resided within the bounds of his Circuit, and whom Mr. S. 
found to be filthy in his person and habits, as well as drunken, 
and most repulsive in hia manners, going about with his coat 
tied around him with a piece of rope ; and thrusting his hands 
at table into the sausage dish instead of using a fork— char- 
acteristics which in no wise recommend infidelity to us for 
this life, while it leaves us without hope for the life te come. 

16. After the lapse of these two years he is thought worthy 
to be entrusted with the charge of the preachers and work in 
Upper Canada, which this year (1806- 7) is constituted a 
District in itself, three of the Circuits in Lower Canada being 
made a new and independent District. Mr. Sawyer was now 
thirty-five yeafs of Ji^e, and had undergone the fatigues of the 
itinerancy nine years, which in that day was considered a long 
time. No wonder he should have thought of comforting him- 
self with a wife, which he did soon after his return to the 



124 CASE, AND 

country, in the person of a maiden lady of some means, by the 
name of Chloe Bailey, the sister of a very respectable Metho- 
dist, Mr. John Bailey, who has been twice mentioned in this 
work already, and who will often come into sight She and 
her friends resided at Monlinette, in the township of OomwalL 

17. Mr. Sawyer, at this period of his life, must have been 
quite prepossessing. He was of medium height, very erect, 
well proportioned, and of dignified carriage. His face was 
oval, his forehead not unintcUectual looking, and his eyes very 
large and full. He was plain in his dress, but neat and taste- 
ful. His hair was out short in front and lefc to fall upon his 
shoulders behind ; and he wore the unfailing broad leafed hat 
and gracefal cut away coat Exactly twenty-fiiz years after, 
the writer made his acquaintance : the above description 
would have answered then when his locks were beginning to 
whiten. At this latter date and two years after, when we 
were appointed to the Circuit on which the old veteran lived, 
he still rode to meeting on horseback, with chevdU on, and 
his cloak strapped on the mail pad behind, after the fashion of 
his active days. His portmanteau, when he went a journey, 
was the orthodox saddle bag, to have given up which he would 
have regarded as a sort of departure from the faith. 

18. Our subject was perhaps no more than a medium 
preacher, in point of matter, for his own day ; but possibly 
superior to most of his brethren with respect to manner. He 
was self possessed, fluent, but also lively and energetic. He 
had acquired a fair share of information on all general sub' 
jects, and had good conversational powers, using language, it 
might be admitted, sometimes a little pretentious. He had 
unbounded confidence in the prescriptions of Mr. Wesley's 
Primitive Physic ; and was also a true xepresentative of the 
age to which he belonged in his belief^n the medicinal virtues 




of electricity. He had invented and made for himself an 
electrifying machine, which was fastened in a portable box 
with a lid to it, which admitted 'of being moved about. The 
old gentleman on<5e told the writer of his having cured himself 
of the ague, by a succession of slight shocks of electricity. 
In 1834 ho fell from a load of hay and broke his leg, which 
being badly set shortened it considerably, and spoiled his 
previous elasticity. But we must not further anticipate. 

19. Sawyer, though married, travelled his District from end 
to end with great punctuality, and labored with great energy 
and success ; and that, too, accompanied by his very particular 
wife, whose fear of dirt was so great that she carried with her 
her own bed and her cups and saucers, which were always 
washed with her own hands — a sort of eastern caravan-style of 
travelling was theirs. . 

20. Some change had been made in the distribution of the 
Circuit Preachers from the previous year. Madden and Bishop 
exchanged Circuits — the former going to Long Point, and the 
latter coming to Smith's Creek. Bangs, who had married a 
Miss Mary Boulton, in the township of Edwardsburgh, at the 
close of the previous year, went into the Lower Province. 
Keeler is removed to the St. Lawrence, a new Circuit, not any 
part of it in Canada, as Mr. Playter incorrectly surmises, but 
wholly in the State of New York, running along the south* 
east side of the noble river whose name it bears, and embracing 
several townships below where Ogdensburgh now stands. 
This region, by means of a ferry, was far easier reached from 
Canada than from the interior of New York, from whose 
settlements it was separated by a wide stretch ot unsettled 
forest; hence its connection with the Upper Canada District. 
The reason for Mr. Keeler*s designation to it would probably 
be, his inability to remove his family, and his home being 



126 CASE, AND 

nearly directly across ibe St. Lawrence on the Canada side. 
Rgan and Pickett are the only two of the Upper Canada 
laborers wbo remained in tbeir last year's place of appointment; 
Pickett on Yonge Street, and Kyan in the Bay of Quinte Cir- 
cnit. Kyan appears in tbe Minutes as being on that extensive 
and important Circuit alone ; but the field was too large to be 
worked by one laborer, and doubtless there was some one to 
be provided by the Presiding Elder, or sent on by the Bishop. 
They had not yet learned the art of saying "(one to be sent)," 
or "(one wanted)," as in after years. Yet in all the vacancies 
that occur from year to year there were young men " under 
the Presiding Elder,'' as they phrased it, in a course of train- 
ing for presentation to the Conference, to be received on trial. 
Thus we have seen that Bangs gave nearly a year's labor in 
that way ; and many of the early preachers in the same man- 
ner labored a year or more longer than they got credit for in 
the Minutes. Who Ryan's helper for that year was we know 

21. William Case, our principal subject was removed from 
the Bay of Quinte to the Oswegotchie Circuit, with Gershom 
Pearse fi)r his senior colleague, who was brought tbere from 
the Niagara Circuit. In this Circuit he was among the 
descendants of Paul and Barbara Heck, who came from Ire- 
land with Philip Embury in 1760. The lady was the instru- 
ment of stirring up that servant of Grod to preach when he 
had become recreant to his duty, which occurred in 1766i 
from which time regular Methodist preaching was maintained in 
the city of New York, These two persons were among the 
most active promoters of the enterprise of erecting the first 
*' preachiog house" in that city, which was built in 1768 ; Mr. 
Heck was one of the original trustees, and Mrs. H. whitewashed 
it with her own hands. They had resided for a time at Cam- 




' den, near Lake Ohamplain, where tiey were tlie fonndeni^ 
along with Embury and others, of another new Methodist 
cause. They had lived in Lower Canada ten years, comiog 
to Augusta, in Upper Oanada, in 1785. They settled on ^* Lot 
No. 4, 3rd Concession," in the neighborhood of the Big Creek, 
where a class was immediately gathered, in which was em- 
braced John Lawrence, who married P. Embury's widow, 
^at memorable lady, as well ae the Hecks, with Samud 
Embury, Philip's son, for leader. Paul Heck had passed away 
fourteen years before Mr« Gase'« coming on the Circuit; but 
Barbara, only two years before, namely, in 1804. But one of 
their sons was there at the time of Mr« C.'s first sojourn, 
namely, Samv/d^ their third son, bom in Camden in 1771, 
who was a respectable local preacher. John, the eldest, bom 
In New York in 1767, had died only the year before (1805) 
In the State of (Georgia. Jacobs the second, of whom more 
farther on, was still in Lower Canada. SamuePs residence 
was near the old Blue Church grave-yard, where his father 
and mother's remains reposed. 

22. In this Circuit, besides Mr. Samuel Heck, there were 
other local preachers of eminence, such as Wm. Hallook, of 
Elizabethtown, near where Lynn now stands, who had been 
received on trial in the travelling connection, in the closing 
part of the last century (1791), and had labored one year on 
a Circuit (the Duchess) in the States, but who had desisted 
from want of health ; a good man, of a sympathising spirit, 
with a pathetic manner of preaching, who excelled in the 
delivery of funeral sermons^ then, and long after, an invariable 
requisition for all who died ; and, in consequence, whose 
labors were in great request in that particular, he preaching 
at more funerals than any other man in that region, travellin» 
or local, of whom more anon ; William Brown, of the Bidoau, 




whom his neighbors called " Priest Brown/' who wUl conie * 
into notice as a travelling preacher of no mean calibre ; and 
David Brakenridge, who was magistrate, militia colonel^ and 
local elder, all in one, and who performed more baptisms in 
that region than all the other preachers put together. He was 
then forty-three years of age, a U. E. Loyalist, and Tory of 
the first water. He had some education, lai^e experience in 
public matters, and good preaching talents, but he was very 
caustic and severe on all who difi^red from him. He has had 
the rare honor of preaching Barbara Heck's funeral sermon , 
who had passed away two years before with the Bible on her 
lap. We might fill many pages with Mr. B.'s unusual sayings 
and doings. He would '< advise those so strenuous about the 
quantity of water in baptism, to make thorough work of it, 
and have themselves put in to soak over night ;" and those 
that ** carried their divinity in their pocket, to put a lock and 
key on it, least they should lose it/' referring to a pretentious 
clergyman, who read his sermons, and who had the misfortune 
to lose his manuscript on the way to his appointment, and had 
to dismiss the people without preaching to them. He will 
cross our path again. 

23. This Circuit was also the abode of several lay celebrities 
in Methodism, besides those already mentioned in this work, 
such as John Van Camp, Peter Browse, Michael Carman, and 
John Bailey ; and others whom we have yet to mention, some 
of whom had a very eventful history. One of these was 
now a member of the church, and a thriving merchant on the 
banks of the St. Lawrence, in the township of Matilda, who 
when the merest child had been left by some accident on the 
wilderness shore of Lake Ontario, between the mouths of the 
Genesee River and that of the Niagara, but who followed up 
the direction the boat went, living upon berries and sleeping 




in the woodst till he overtook his parents and company at the 
latter place. He rose to opulence, and was aboat the time of 
Mr. Case's sojourn, the leadins: financial influence in the Cir- 
cuit, and thoui>h for some years dismembered from the central 
Methodist Body in the Province, died at length within its 
pale, at a very advanced age, in the town of Brock ville, where 
he had resided for the last thirty years of his life. This man 
was Paul Glassford, Esq. 

24. Another very marked celebrity of this class was Alex- 
ander Eose, Esquire, of Highland Scotch parentage, whose 
history will be best set forth by the transcription of an entry 
in the author's manuscript journal, made at Mr. Bose*s fire- 
bide in 1834, after hearing him narrate the incidents recorded : 
** Williamsburg, Sept. 19th, 1834. This evening at tea we 
were entertained, or rather affected, by our kind host A. 
Rose, Esq., relating his adventures. During the Revolutionary 
war, in the year 1779, being then in his eleventh year, he was 
seized by a party of Indians who came to the house, his father 
being from home and in confinement among the Americans 
for being a Tory. He travelled with the Indians, who meant 
to keep him and bring him up as one of themselves, from the 
Delaware River, on which his father was settled, to Niagara, 
Being found to be the child of a loyal subject of His Majesty, 
he was taken from the savages by the commanding officer, a 
Mr. Butler, and bound apprentice to a government blacksmith. 
But his master using him badly, the boy got on board one of 
the only three vessels then on the lakes, in order to follow the 
people with whom he had become acquainted while among the 
Indians, and who had gone to Lower Canada. Finding no 
means, however, of going farther down than Carlton Island, 
near Kingston, he staid in the vessel while they went a few 
trips, when finding an old neighbor of his father, he eloped 
from the vessel, thoui;h he was once retaken and loaded with 



130 CASE, AND 

irons. His friends, however, ultimately got him attached to 
the army, and at length restored to his father, his dear mother 
having died of grief before she knew of his safety. Since thea 
he has borne a commission in His Majesty *s army. He is now 
a man of wealth and respectability, a magistrate, and, best of 
all, a Christian." 

25. Mr. Rose had a senior brother, Mr. John Rose, who 
lived in the interior of the township of Matilda ; though not 
80 conspicuous in public matters as his brother Alexander, he 
was even a more advanced Christian, having been in the Lord 
before him, and being a very intelligently pious and useful 
class- leader for many years. He was the father in-law of the 
Reverend and now venerable W. H. Williame, and grandfather 
of the Rev. Thos. G. Williams. The sons and daughters of 
the two Rose's were all adherents and friends of Methodism, 
and are so till this day. 

26. The writer has gleaned but one single incident connected 
with the joint labors of Messrs. Pearse and Case en this Cir- 
cuit; but that very slight occurrence satisfied him, that 
although Mr. Case was the junior, and his colleague a very 
&itbful, upright man, the superior taste, discernment, and 
judgment of the younger placed him in advance of his senior 
in the affection and confidence of the people ; so soon did he 
begin to evince that commanding influence which he afterwards 
exercised so many years over people and preachers. A lady 
of our acquaintance, as she informed us many years afterwards, 
stung by the ill-judged interference of Mr. P., in a certain 
matter, told him that, notwithstanding his pertinacious aus- 
terity, "Mr. Case had more religion in his little finger than 
he had in his whole body." This was not a commendable 
way of addressing a minister whatever mistake he may have 
made ; but Mr. Case never put himself in a position to allow 




of any one accosting him in that manner. He obeyed the 
advice of Paul to Timothy, and **let no man despise hit 

27 This year, Eobert Perry is removed from one extreme 
of the work to the other almost — ^being brought from 
the Ottawa and placed on the Niagara Circuit in the 
position of second preacher. The only glimpse we get of 
honest Robert in this Circuit is the following: — Preaching 
a sermon at the "Fifty Mile Creek/' a little too all^orical, 
which diverted the less reverential, and offended the taste of 
the more grave and discerning, a frequent mistake of the 
times : a hired man returned from the meeting to the family 
with which he livedo and said, '' The minister preached all 
about sheep, and all the people laughed, except Hugh Wilson, 
and he looked cu mad /'' This Mr. Wilson was one of the 
worthies of Upper Canadian Methodism, who will come favor- 
ably into notice before our story closes : also, of his getting 
overwhelmed in religious meetings and shouting uproariously. 

28. This year a new name appears — first, as being received 
on trial ; and next, as being appointed to Upper Canada, and 
stationed in charge of the Niagara Circuit, over Mr. Perry. 
This was no other than the excellent Thomas Whitehead, a 
name which afterwards became a household word in Canadian 
Methodist families. But he is even now (1806) no junior. 
He was bom as early as 1762, in Duchess County, in the then 
Province of New York. He was converted at the early age 
of eighteen (in 1780) years ; and his obituary in the Canadian 
Minutes, written no doubt by men who had his personal 
history from his own lips, says he began to preach three years 
after, at tbe age of twenty one, and that he '^ lai)ored about 
three years in the neighbprhood of New York and Albany, 
when he was sent as a missionary to the Province of Nova 



132 OASE, AND 

Sooiia, and oontinned there and in New Branswick about 
sixteen years." The first time, however, his name occurs in 
the General Minutes is in 1791, as stationed undor the Pre- 
ading Eldership of the Bov. Mr. Black, on the Liverpool Cir- 
cuity N. S. Methodist matters Were not always adj\isted in 
that orderly way at that early period, which ohtuned after 
the Church was more fully organized. Besides^ the connexion 
of the Eastern Provinces with the United States eor.nection 
was always very slight, variable, and somewhat anomalous.— r 
Mr. Whitehead married a very worthy lady in that country, 
and it seems, for a ilme, was, at least partially, located. In 
1806, he came to the New York Conference, seeking employ- 
ment in the ministry of the M. E. Church, the work in his 
own Province being supplied with Wesleyan Missionaries 
directly from the British Conference. His large family of six 
children was an objection. The Rev. Jos. Sawyer informed 
the writer that he interceded for him ; aiid Bishop Asbury 
consented, provided he would accompany Mr. Sawyer to Cana- 
da. This, his being a British subject, and the prospect of 
settling his sons in a new and fertile British Province^ enabled 
him to consent to, although it involved a large outlay and a 
long and toilsome journey. His Conference obituary says : 
" He and his family came in an open boat from Albany to 
19iagara." This could only have been done, as we have seen 
it was in. other oases, by ascending the Mohawk River to Fort 
Stanwiz ; effecting a portage into Wood Creek ; descending 
NV^ood Creek into Oneida Lake ; passing out of the Lake down 
the Onondaga River to Lake Ontario at Oswego; coasting 
the soi^th shore of the last mentioned lake to its western ex- 
tremity and then crossing the Niagara River into Canada. In 
ibis long voyage of six weeks, they subsisted on boiled wheat. 
We are told he first located his family in the then new aiid 
promising, but now decayed village of St. David, which was 




at that time of prime importance Methodistically, being situa- 
ted near the historically famous Warner's Chapel, of which 
more anon. 

29. Mr. Wliitehead was large in person, and then in vigor- 
ous health, but a matured man of forty-four. lie was a per- 
son of extensive reading, agreeable manners, great conversa- 
tional powers, and had gained much experience. And although 
trammelled with a very pecuUar impediment in his speech, he 
was justly regarded as a very good and interesting preacher, 
quite beyond the average of day. As he came to remain 
for life, he was no small accehsion to the ministry of the infant 
church in this new country. His peaceable disposition, sound 
judgment and loyalty to the Conference, made him of invalu- 
able service to the connexion in the vicissitudes it pasped 
through in after years. 

30. The Lawer Canada District for this year (1806), was 
supplied by Scmuel Coate, Presiding Elder, stationed in Mon- 
treal ; Nathaii Bangs, Quebec ; Andrew Prindh, Ottawa ; 
and Wiliiam Snyder, missionary to the French. The last 
two are new names. They had been received on trial at the 
Conference of that year. They were both Canadians. A 
word or two about each of them. 

31. Andrew Prindle, was bom in Prince Edward District, 
on the 3rd of April, 1780, one of the earliest births in Upper 
Canada. To use his own language, he ** received his educa- 
tion in Canada, when there were no schools and no books." 
But his religion gave his clear and powerful intellect an im- 
pulse at an early period of his life. He joined the Methodist 
Church at the age of sixteen, although he did not experience 
converting grace till two years later. From an incidental 
allusion in his obituary, we surmise he had labored the year 
previously to this under the Presiding Elder, on the Niagara 



134 €A8E, AND 

Circuit At th« time of his being received on trial he had 
eight years christian experience, and was twenty-six years 
of age. He was not destined to rise to office, or to fill city 
pulpits ; his want of polished manners, and his extreme cor- 
pulence, which came upon him in middle life, would have 
Bomething to do with this : but a sounder divine, a more 
original preacher, or a more clear exponent of Methodist law, 
there was not contemporary with himself than he became. 
He was destined to develop his intellect more by thinking 
than reading, and, we might add also, by friendly discussionv 
which suited the bent of his inquiring mind. This year he 
has a rough, though picturesque Circuit, but affectionate pa- 
rishoners, who cherished long after, as the writer well knows, 
pleasant memories of young Andrew. 

32. William Snyder, was a sort of Colleague to Prindle, 
(as the French in the Ottawa country were more accessible 
than anywhere else), with a roving commission to go wherever 
he found an open door among that class of the population. 
Snyder was of German extraction, but had learned the French 
language in his boyhood in Lowec Canada, English being, 
however, his vernacular. Having been converted in Upper 
Canada — somewhere in the township of Edwardsburgh — and 
having become a preacher, as he possessed the ability to speak 
and read in French, and was very much drawn out for the 
conversion of the Franco Canadians ; as we learned from 
his relatives and neighbors in the Matilda Circuit many years 
afterwards, it was thought he might be useful to that people. 
He did not, however, succeed to any considerable extent. 

33. Dr. Bangs' account of the matteiv who was contem- 
porary with the event, is as follows : — *^ He" (Snyder) ** enter- 
ed upon his work in a French settlement in the vicinity of the 




Ottawa River, and for a time was cordially received and lis- 
tened to with much attention, so that great hopes were enter- 
tained of a successM issue of his labors. Having occasion, 
however, to be absent from his field of labor ror a few weeks, 
the parish priest took the opportunity to go among the people 
and warn them of the danger of hearing the ' Protestant 
heretic,' threatening them with excommunication — which, in 
their estimation, was a sure prelude to damnation — if they did 
not desist. This so wrought upon their fears, that upon the 
return of Brother Snyder, not a soul dared to hear him or 
receive him into his house. He was, therefore, reluctantly 
compelled to abandon^ the enterprise in despair.'' It was the 
misfortune of Methodism in that day, that the Church had not 
missionary funds to sustain her agents during the tedious pro- 
cess of indoctrinating the people. This was no doubt 4he 
cause of Mr. S.'s lamentable and injurious absence, enforced 
by the necessity of looking after the interests of his family, 
who were located seventy or eighty miles from his field of 
labor. Otherwise, from what the author learned of his skill 
and prudence twenty-six years afterwards, judging from what 
has since been effected, he would likely have met with some 
success. We leave this brother for the present, about whose 
fate there is a melancholy interest. 

34. As to the remaining laborer in this district, we shall 
let him tell of his appointment, labors, and their results, in his 
own worjls. ** I have before spoken of Montreal and Ottawa. 
Nathan Bangs volunteered his services for Quebec.'* '(Bo- 
fore we i)ermit Mr. B. to proceed further with his narrative, 
we should perhaps remind the reader directly of what he has 
learned incidentally already from the previous part of this 
work, that this ancient city enjoyed the labors of a Methodist 
local preacher in the person of Mr. Tuffy, a military gentle- 
man, who preached in it as early as 1780, and continued for 



136 CASE* AND 

the space of three years, when he had to leave for Eorope 
wiih tlie army ; and also that the I^v. Samuel Morwin, whose 
biography he has read, spent six weeks therein, laboring to 
sstablieh a oause^ in 1803. The labors of neither, however, 
rosaltcd in establishing a society. Mr. Bangs, therefore, had 
to ]}reak up the ground anew. We resnrne the account in his 
tibtory.) '* Ailer spending a few weeks in Montreal to supply 
until their preacher, Samuel Goate, arrived, he sailed down the 
River St. Lawrence for Quebec, and arrived there on Satur- 
day morning. Having a few letters of introducUon, he 
delivered thera, and by great exertions succeeded in hiring 
a room and getting it seated that day^ He preached his first 
sermon on Sabbatli morning to a tolerable congr^tion." 

35. The above is from Dr. £angs*s History of the M. E. 
Cliurch : we quote now from his life, in which he speaks in the 
first person. '^ After preaching for a few times, such were the 
encouraging signs that I hired a more eligible room for our 
meetings, and another to live in, and in about four weeks sent 
for my wiCe, who arrived in safety.'' (The more " eligible 
room,*' says the private journal of a gentleman, whom we shall 
hereafter introduce to the reader, was the " Attic of the Free- 
mason's Hall.") ** At this time the prospect was quite flat- 
tering, the congregation was large, and several persons appear- 
ed remarkably friendly." Among his friends was the second 
son (Jacob) of Paul and Barbara Heck, of New York celebrity, 
who was married to a Miss Shorts, and settled in Business in 
Quebec. Another of his friends was Mr. Peter Langlois. 
born in the Island of Gurnsey in 1784^ and he had heard 
the Methodists preach as early as 1791 ; he had arrived in 
that city on the 8th of June, before Mr. Bangs arrival; after- 
wards he became converted, joined the society, and became 
class leader, trustee, and local preacher, preaching in both 




French and English, proving himself a pillar in the Church 
of God till the day of his death, which occurred so lately as 
1864. It is from his journal the above quotation was made, 
a document on which we may have frequently to draw, by 
which Mr. L. will often come into notice. 

36. "His congregations,'' says Mr. Bangs' biographer, 
** dwindled away to half a dozen persons. Curiosity alone had 
prompted the first numerous attendance. His eighty dollars 
were at last expended. ' It seemed impossible,' said he, ' to 
bear up under my trials. I could endure opposition, and had 
been tested in this respect ; but to see no result of my labors ; 
to be simply let alone by the great population around me, 
seemed insu|)portable. My mind at times sank into despon- 
dence. My only relief was in prayer and preaching, for then 
I forgot my desolation. My money expended, ray congrega- 
tion almost annihilated, among strangers, and fearing the 
cause I representied would be disgraced by my failure, I could 
only hide myself in God. Bat the trial did me good. I 
learned lessons from it I have never forgotten. The keenest 
Buffering of my forlorn condition was that my wife had to 
endure it with me ; but I thank God, she bore it better than 
I did, and became my comforter.' 

37. ** Though his discouragement continually increased, he 
was not willing to give up his post till he could hold it no 
longer. Even when seemingly at this extremity, he held on. 
' I was at last embarrassed,' he says ' to meet my small expens- 
es. Having engaged a man to saw wood that I had procured 
for winter, now setting in with great severity, he came one 
day to complete the job which he had begun before. Having 
no money to pay him, and fearing if I did not I should bring 
reproach upon my profession, I requested my wife, who could 
speak French better than myself, to inform him that he need 




not finish his work that day. He replied tie musty as he could 
not oome again. ' What shall I do ?' I 3aid to myself. After 
praying a while I went to an acquaintapce and told him I had 
a favor to ask of kirn, and he must not deny me ; he must 
lend me one dollar and fifty cents, and if I should be able I 
would return it, and if not» he must wait till the resurrection 
of the just and unjust. Without hesitation he granted my 
request^ and I paid the laborer. At another time I was under 
the necessity of borrowing a shilling to pay the woman who 
brought me milk. The weekly collection in the coagr^ation 
amounted to about one dollar, and this was all I had to de- 
pend upon for support, after expending all my own money. 
But behold the goodness of Q^od ! When he had suffioienilj 
humbled me to d^end upon himself, he sent me help in a 
way I little expected. I suppose that by some means infor- 
mation of my distressed condition was given to some benevo- 
lent individuals, who now miniBtered to my necessities^ and 
that too in a manner which kept their liberality from all os' 
tentation, and thus made their gifts the more welcome. A 
servant would arrive with the kind respects of unknown per* 
soni^ with valuable presents of fi>od, sugar or tea, and soine^ 
times money, and these from strangers with whom I never 
became acquainted. These instances of kindness so overcame 
me, that I could not refrain from tears, and I would retire in 
secret and pour out my thanksgivings to God, and pray for 
my benefactors.' 

38. ** He remained in Quebec, struggling with Uiese diffi 
culties about three months, when in accordance with the itin- 
erant usage of the times, and by the advice of his ministerial 
brethren, he passed up the Biver to Montreal, exchanging for 
the remainder of the y^r with Samuel Coate, who had been 
laboring there since the last Conference. Besides the moral 
lessons he had learned, and the studies his leisure had alloi^ed 




him to prosecute, he had at least opened the way for his suc- 
cessor. He had secured an humble place of worship, and left 
a few Methodists, honest mechanics, to welcome Coate. The 
latter by his advice * advertised ' his urivai and the place of 
his preachipg ; the dwindled congregation began to increase, 
and Methodism was effeotaally founded in Quebec^ and will 
maintain its stand there, it may be hoped, till the end of time." 
Mr. Langlois's journal says that Ooate " met with more suc- 
cess than Bangs, and left a elass of ten members." 

39. " In Montreal he (B). labored under somewhat more 
cheering auspices. During the remainder of the ecclesiasti- 
cal year he had incessant work and gratifying success. He 
records that upon a calculation of his receipts and expenditures 
for the year, he found his expenses had gone about forty dol- 
lars over all he had received." 

From the details which this laborer furnishes, we may have 
some idea of what all his fellow laborers underwent. 

40. We oughts perhaps, to say that two other places in 
Lower Canada than the Circuits already mentioned, enjoyed 
this year the ministrations of Methodist preachers. Bunhemi, 
connected with Fletcher, a place in the State of Yermontj 
making one Circuit for two preachers, belonging to the Ash- 
grove District, New York Conference. One of the two 
preachers was a former Canadian laborer,Beuben Harris, whose 
biography we have already given, and of whom we are glad to 
get another glimpse. His senior colleague, Henry Evans^ 
who, from his name being printed in italics, we know, from 
the rule in such cases at that time, was in eldc7's orders ; it is 
scarcely worth while to inquire after him further, having been 
ovXj partially employed in Canada for that one year. The 
numerical results of their labors, so far as the Dunham part 
of the Circuit is concerned, separate from the other part, it 




would now be more difficult to determioe than the value of 
the discovery when made. 

' 41. Stanstead stood connected with the same Oonference, 
but with a different district — the Vermont. It was supplied 
by Philip Ayer, whom we frankly own we have failed to trace ; 
or that we are able to give any further account of. Nor can 
we tell how his Circuit prospered. They must stand over 
*' till the Lord writeth up the people.'' 

42. The total numerical results of the year we have just 
passed over, beside the two Circuits we last mentioned, was a 
nett accession of ttoo himdred and ninety members to the 
Church* The total now stands at tioo thousand three hundred 
and seventy live. Such was the numerical strength of Method- 
ism in its communicants alone, irrespective of its hearers and 
adherents, in Canada, at the close of Mr. Case's first sojourn 
therein. We have not been furnished with data for determin- 
ing the number of church edifices — they certainly were not 
numerous or el^nt. Perhaps there was a dozen meeting- 
houses in the two provinces, nofie of them of a material moro 
substantial than wood| and several of themi we suspect, only 





1. The Conference at the close of the ecclesiastical year of 
which we have heen writing, and at the beginning of the one of 
which we are about to write, sat at ^ Goejman'f) Patent, near 
Albany, May 2nd, 1807.'* To this Conference our principal 
subject, William Case, went out to be received into lull con- 
nexion, and was ordained deacon. No doubt it was a time of 
great interest and enjoyment to him after his long seclusion in 
the woods of Canada. Being worn down by his two years toil 
therein, and enfeebled by exposure to the miasma of its 
swamps he requested Bishop Asbury, who was now the sole 
superintendent of the work, Bishop Whatcoate having died 
the previous year, for an easy appointment. This in his 
estimation would likely be some town or city. But his namt, 
much to his surprise, was read off for " Ulster," so called 
from a whole county, which bore that designation, more than 
which the Circuit included, as it comprehended the whole range 
of the Catskill Mountains. When he heard the announce* 
ment he thought the appointment cruel, and wept Yet he 
often confessed afterwards that it was the best appointment 
for him that could have been made. He had the benefit of 
the paternal care and counsels of his senior colleague, in the 
person of the kind and fatherly Elias Yanderlip, between 
whom and his young associate a mutual esteem and affection 
sprang up of a lasting character, as the writer knows from an 



142 CASK* AND 

interview with the venerable Vanderlip in the city of Albany 
in 1837, brought about by a letter of introduction from Mr. 
Case to this aged saint. The man of ninety spoke of hia 
coadjutor of other years with smiles and tears. He was of 
German extraction — no great preacher, but simple-hearted, 
unctious, and usefuL 

2. The above was made out from the Minutes, and from 
what I heard Messrs. Case and Vanderlip say of each other. 
Mr. C.'b Jubilee Sermon gives other particulars, and mentions 
the name of another colleague. This one whose name is about 
to be mentioned was probably an assistant to the other two* 
employed by the presiding elder, merely, as he was not re- 
ceived on trial till two years later. He will oome into sight, 
sigain, as he came to a tragic^ or perhaps we should say, hftroic 
3nd, in connection with the Canada work. Mr. Case's words 
Bnth regard to his Circuit arc these : — 

'' Again : as I sat at the foot of the mountain, feeble m 
strength, — unablo, as I thought, to perform the labors of that 
Circuit, I opened my Bible to road, when, without forethought 
my eyes fell upon Isa. xli. 14, 15. And so it came to pass : 
[ regained my strength, the mountains were easily overcome, 
—myself and colleague, Robert Hibbard were greatly aided 
by the Spirit; — we could * thrash the mountains ' ; — ^revivals 
in religion prevailed, and one hundred were that year added 
to the societies T' 

3. Here also Case formed the acquaintance of Mrs. Covell, 
the mother of two distinguished ministers, and the grand- 
mother, if we mistake not, of others now living of that name ; 
in whose house he used to preach ; whose hospitality he en- 
joyed ; and of whose virtues he was never weary of speaking. 
Especially would he often tell of ihe devotion by her, of her 
two little boys asleep on the bed, as a thank offering to God 




for converting her Bonl, wiio became the two ministers before 
mentioned ; one of whom he heard preach, and the otber exhort 
at the same service in their own mother's house* while he fol- 
lowed with the never fkiling class-meeting. 

4. Furthermore, this appointment was a great boon to his 
health. Its mountain scenery enlivened his spirits, and its 
mountain air and pure spring water relieved his system of the 
billious taint induced by the ague caught in a new country, by 
which his activity and spirit were renewed. They met with 
success likewise in their work and returned, as We have seen, 
a goodly increase at the end of the year. 

5. Thus have we had to consider our principal hero, for one 
year, outside of what was to be his almost life-long field of 
labor. How did religious matters progress in the Canadian 
field, the reader will ask, during his absence ? To the answer- 
ing of this question we must now address ourselves. 

6. The work and laborers according to the Minutes were 
distributed as follows : 


"Joseph Sawyer, Presiding Elder. 
Long Point, Henry Eyan. 

Niagara, N. Bangs, T. Whitehead, N. Holmes. 
Tonge Street^ Andrew Prindle. 
Bay Quintet Luther Bishop, Elias Pattie. 
Oswegotehie, D, Pickett, J. B. Smith, C. Hulbert. 
Sl Lawrence, Samuel Cochran." 


''Samuel Coate, Presiding Elder. 
Montreal^ Thomas Madden, 
Quebec, Samuel Coate. 
Ottawa, William Snyder. 
Dunham, Gershorn Pearse. 
Stanstead, Levi Walker." 




7. Let it be observed distinctly, Dunham stood connected 
\rith the Asbgrove District, New York Conference ; and Stan- 
stead, with the New London District, New England Confer- 
ence. This arrangement arose from the fact, that those places 
so near the Province line, were easier reached by Presiding 
Elders from the United States, than from the banks of the 
St. Lawrence, in going from which the Presiding Elder would 
have to pass through a long stretch of French Roman Catho- 
lic country. 

8. We have seen that frequent changes in those days were 
made among the circuit preachers during the year, by the 
Presiding Elders. Nor did appointments made by the Bishops 
at the Conference always go into effect, but were sometimes 
re-adjusted by the ofiSbiary above indicated, before the labors 
of the year began. Of this we have an example in what oc- 
curred to Nathan Bangs, We will let him account for the 
matter in his own words. " This year,'* said he, *' I was ap- 
pointed to the Niagara Circuit, about three hundred and fifty 
miles from home." (He means hb wife's home in Edwards- 
burgh). ** I purchased a horse and started for my new ap- 
pointment, but had not gone over ten miles, when I met the 
Presiding Elder of the Lower Canada District, who requested 
me to return to Montreal, as Bishop Asbury had said when he 
read off the appointments, that preuiding Elders might arrange 
it as they saw best. After deliberating awhile I consented tc 
go, and leaving my wife at her father's house, I embarked in 
company with William Snyder," (whose starting point was 
Edwardsburg also,) " a French Missionary, and most excellent 
man, on a scow loaded with boards and flour, and sailed dowo 
the St. Lawrence again. We had several hair-breadth escapes 
among the falls, and were saved only by all hands, preachers 
and other passengers, working with our might. I hired a 
room in Montreal and sent for my wife, and we both pursued, 




vith some buccobs but maDj difficulties, cur pastoral labors. 
The society was small and poor, and I had to grapple with 
many embarrassments, but God supported me through them 

9. Mr. Snyder was going to the Ottawa to serve the English- 
speaking inhabitants, with the hope, no doubt, of finding 
access occasionally to the French. Mr. Bangs we suspect 
^sometimes visited that Circuit to dispense the ordinances, Mr. 
Snyder not being yet ordained ; although we do not remember 
to have iieard him spoken of in that couijktry. 

10. Mr. Madden, who appears in the Minutes for Montreal, 
had labored the preceding year on the Long Point Oircuit. 
The name of that Circuit we find dropt from the Minutes for 
the year of which we are writing (1807-8.) But as three 
laborers were designated to the Niagara, it is morally certain 
that the first-mentioned Circuit was merged in this one for the 
present year, as it had sometimes been before. Bat as Mr. 
Bangs was withheld from Niagara and returned to Montreal, it 
is highly probable that some young man was called out by 
the Presiding Elder to labor as their Preacher on that Circuit 
with Messrs. Whitehead and Holmns. 

11. As to the field of labor of Mr. Madden, who gave up his 
appointment at Montreal to Mr. Bangs, we learn from Mr. 

. Langlois's valuable journal, that he supplied Quebec in 1807 
instead of Mr. Coate, who appears in the Minutes as appoint- 
ed to that station. Mr. C, it will bo remembered, was in 
that city the latter part of the previous Conference-year. But 
Mr. Madden was probably sent there beoause he was a single 
man, and by consequence less burdensome to the funds of the 
infant cause ; and he released Mr. Coate to attend to general 
matters. Perhaps it was during this year that Coate made 
his first visit to England, which took place at an early day, tq 



146 CAEfZfASV 

■olfafft subscriptions to assiBt in erecting a dmpel in the city 
of Montxeal. In October of this year, (1807,) Mr. iLangloi» 
piiied the Quebec class under Mr. Madden's pastorate, tbe 
number of members being then twelve, 

12. NiNiAN IIoLMim is A new nanre ^hieh appears for ^e 
fibrst time in the Minutes this year, among those ''reoeffred on 
tnsL^ He was of Irish descent, bi^t bom im «he Btate of New 
YosL Whether concerted and ist^lefl into the work in the 
land of bis birth, or Canada, even his children do not know ; 
but, for a good manj reasons, we are inclined to think it was 
her^ and in the township ^ JEIUscabetbtown. For if we mis- 
take not, he was r^arded as a Canadian, inasmnch as h» 
remained in the country dniing the w;ar of 1812. 

m. He was not large in person, but compact and sprightly. 
He had been pretty well educated in the English and Frendh 
languages. Though fervent and Hvely, he was a ^nug and 
orderly little preacher from Ihe fest, who seldom missed fire. 
We ])eard him spoken of wi^ rapliure by the people both of 
tbe Ottawa and Augusta Oircuits. He is remembered by the 
venerable Bavid Wright, at whose mother's house he used to 
lodge when he travelled the Prince Edward Peninsula, as taste- 
ful and tidy in his person and dress, with his boots well 
polished. He was very attentive to his horse, and loved to be 
well mounted. A more picturesque object, by the way, we^ 
might observe, than one of these equestrian evangelists of yore 
is seldom seen. Quite as much so as a '^ cavaby man " fully 
accoutred. Though collected and methodical, when excited, 
as an old class-leader, who was a great admirer of Holmns, in- 
formed us, he was demonstrative and powerful. We shall 
have more to say of his labors and character at a future time. 

14. Besides the one just presented, several ot^er names, 
new to Canada, appear on the list of appointments. These 



HIS COt^BM:N>ttAEIES. 147 

were Eiias Pattie, I. B. Smith, 0. Hulbutt, Samtid Oocli- 
ran, and Levi Walker, each of whom we mxiBt now present to 
our readers. 

15. Of the early life of Eltas Pattie the first of the above 
mentioned five men, we have gleaned very little. Where he 
was born and brought up, and where converted, We know not. 
Also, as to whether he had travelled or not under the Presa- 
ding Elder, we are not informed. He was, however, received 
on trial by the Conference at its previous session, (1807,) 
along with Isaac B. Smith, Ninian Holmns, Wm. Snow, and 
Cephas Hulbert, names which were afterwards more or less 
identified with Oanadian Methodist history. We have barely 
learned from traditional sources, that he was large of stature ; 
commanding in his personal appearance, dressing in breeches, 
stockings, and shoe buckles, which costume, with his graceful 
natural attitudes, set off his portly, symmetrical figure to great 
advantage; strong in lungs and voice, and although dignified, 
zealous and emotional. He was regarded by the simple peo- 
ple of th*ose days as a very powerful preacher. An authentic 
incident will illustrate this matter. An old Dutch brother 
being interrogated as to the character of a recent Camp Meet- 
ing from which he had lately returned, said, " It vas a poor, 
tet tuU time, and nd goot was tone, till tat pig Petty come ; 
but mit his pig fist, he did kill te Tuval so tet as a nit, and 
ten te work proke out." The Methodists of that day were fond 
of the demonstrative. We know but little of Mr. B.'s first 
year's labors. 

16. The Rev. Isaao B. Smith was a man of mark in his 
time. He was received on trial with Pattie in 18C7. I think 
he was from the other side of the lines, but he afterwards 
married Mr. Ryan's daughter, and for many years beeame 
domiciled in the country. The writer saw and heard hira 



148 CABS, AND 

several times in cbildhood, but cannot tell much aboat him 
from personal recollections. He was not very large, but com- 
pact, strong, and heavy. He early became bald. He had a 
strong, though dissonant voice. His was considered a mind 
naturally logical, and his preachiDg was consequently argu- 
mentative, approaching to controversial. The Canadians 
pronounced his sermons great, whether they understood them 
or not. 

17. He was courageous. After his ordination he ventured 
'to marry a couple within the Province boundaries, and was 
consequently prosecuted by the privileged class, who claimed 
the exclusive legal right to celebrate matrimony. Unlike the 
excellent but timid Sawyer, who for a time fled the country 
on a similar charge being preferred against him, Smith stood 
his ground, searched into the law on the subject, plead his 
own cause, and despite the talents and legal lore of the prose- 
cuting attorney, and the judge's brow beating, came off scot . 
dear. In this he was more fortunate than his father in law, 
Mr. Byan, who according to report, was banished for a similar 
offence, though afterwards made a subject of the Oovernor's 
clemency for his known loyalty. 

18. Smith was good as well as great. The holy and zealous 
George Ferguson, who was his colleague in 1818, in his man- 
uscript journal calls him " That man of God, Isaac B. Smith/^ 
During the year of which we write (1807,) he and two others 
travelled the long and rambling Oswegotchie Circuit ; but we 
have nothing touching this early part of his labors. 

19. Of Cephas Hulburt we have a meager account to 
give. Not because he was not worthy, but because we have 
learned so little about him. Whence he came we know not ; or 
what his talents were. He must have been a man of a good 
moral character, for, from his reception on trial till his volun- 
ary retirement or location in 1810, he seems to have passed 




through his several degrees creditably, as he did regularly. 
This year (1807) he was the colleague of Pickett and Smith 
oa the Oswegotchie. Pickett, during his sojourn on this Gir* 
cuit, was very effective, both in preaching and dispensing the 
ordinances. The old Oswegotchie Register, which has come 
into our hands, shows that be dedicated to God in baptism 
vast numbers of those who were afterwards among the most 
influential inhabitants of that part of the country. 

20. Samuel Coohban had travelled three Circuits before 
becoming connected with the Upper Canada District : name- 
ly. Grand Isle, Vergennes, and Litchfield, in two of which he 
had held the ' charge.' This, together with being placed in 
charge of the St. Lawrence Circuit for the year of which we 
write (1807,) proves, that though young, he was a reliable 
man. His present Circuit was, as we have seen, only construc- 
tively Canadian, it was on the south side of the river after 
which it was called. Br the time we get him into Canada 
proper, we hope to have more to say of him, and that good 
and agreeable. 

21. The Canada appointment, which stood in connection 
with the New England Conference, Stanstead, was served by 
a laborer whose name was among those new to Canada, name- 
ly, Levi Walker. He had been received on trial in the N. 
E. Conference at the time Case was received in the New York, 
(1805.) Beyond this, we at present know but little about him. 
(We have since learned, that he was only mediocre as a 
preacher.) He went the road which so many of the early 
laborers were forced, from necessity, to go. He located as early 
as 1811, having been in the work but six years. But we observe 
that while he continued in it, he had very good Circuits, on 
each of which he labored alone. There was a return of mem 
bers for his Circuit the previous year of 119 ; this year he 
returned 124. We have not gone over the Minutes to see 



160 CASl^ ARID 

whetheCf after locating, tfais brother ever returiied to the itin* 
eranej or not. 

22. Punham Circuit, connected with the Bhinebeo Districti 
New York Conference, we have seen, was supplied by our old 
friend^ Gershorm Pearse, whose character we have favourably 
considered and whose history we have given. This is the last 
we see of him on Canadian ground. This strong man> with a 
formidable name did not labor this year without fruit, but re- 
turned, after all losses, three hundred and seven members, 
againet two hundred and ninety one of the previous year. 
Farewell^ excellent Gershorm Pearse^ till we meet in heaven I 

2^. The Conference year of which we write, (1807-8,) closed 
early, for the ensuing Conference sat in New York as eady 
m the season as April the 6th ; but shcrt as the year had been, 
it was not altdgethw barren of results. Irrespective of the 
two Circuits in the eastern townships of Lower Canada* 
which stood connected with districts in the States, there waa 
a nett increase of one hundred and ten members, making the 
total two thousand six hundred and sixty. 

24, The country was about to lose, as it turned out^ for- 
ever, at the Conference, one of its ablest ministers, converted 
and trained in the Province, the lai^e and dignified, the stu- 
dious and well-infbrmed, the wise and laborious Nathan Bangs* ' 
It win show something of the inconveniences undei which the 
pfeaehers labored in that day, from the long journeys they 
had to take to and from the seat of Conference, and the tardy 
manner of their accomplishments, and also the disadvantages 
to their work from their long absence. 

25. *^ In the latter part of January, 1808,*' says his bio* 
grapher, ^' he visited- with his wife her father^s house, in 
Edwardsburgh/' (near the well known rapids on the St. Lawr 
rence, called the Gallops) purchasing there a sleigh £os tha 




fong journey : they soon afterwards started for the Slates." 
** We crossed," he writes, *• the St. Lawrence at Ogd^nsburgh,, 
then an inconsiderable village, and arrived at my brother 
Joseph's on the 4th of March." Thus were two whole month* 
consumed in going from Montreal, via Ogdeneburgh, to Stam- 
ford, Delaware County, New York, a distance which could 
now be accomplished in as many days. Happily, no time was 
lost by those early preachers, wherever they were, for they 
truly ** went everywhere preaching the word,'* and they felt 
thembelves at home in every place. 

26. Mr. Bangs attended the New York Conference. As 
an elder he had a right to attend the General Conference, 
which was to be held on the day following in the city of Bal- 
timore. This he resolved on doing, and went in company 
with several other ministers. Let us see in what kind of style 
they journeyed to those august assemblies in those days. 
** Four of us,** says he^ ** united, and hiring a two-horse wag, 
gon, travelled together as far as Dover, Delaware, where we 
left our horses in care of Ex-Governor Bassets one of the early 
converts to Methodism in that State." Thence he found som6 
other means of conveyance to the Conference. 

27. He found Baltimore to exhibit Methodism in a state of 
strength and maturity in which he had never seen it before. 
Here he formed an acquaintance with the great lights of the 
connexion, with whom he united in Naming the Constitution 
of the Church, and providing for a delegated General Confer- 
ence ; and among whom he was henceferth to take rank as 
one of the leading constructive minds of this then growing and 
now immense religious body. **From the East were Hedding, 
Soule, Pickering, Ruter, and others ; from the "New York 
Conference, Garrettson, Cooper, Crawford, Thatcher, Clarke 
Ostrander ; from the Philadelphia Conference, Ware, Everett, 



152 CASE, AMB 

Chandler, McCluskey, Boehm, Bishop, Budd, Bartine ; from 
the Baltimore Conference, Reed, Hilt, Sargent, Rozell, Smilli, 
George, Wells, Gruber, Rjland, Shinn, Roberts; from the 
Virginia Conference, Bruce, Lee, Mead j from South Carolina, 
Randall, Pcebus, Mills ; and from the Old Western Confer- 
ence, McKendrie, Lakin, Blackman." 

28. As to Bangs' preaching-talents at that time, the Rev. 
Dr. Luckej says : '' His mind was evidently accustomed to 
elaborate thought. His mode of preaching was scarcely known 
among the Methodist Preachers before his day, and was, in the 
estimation of his best hearers, an indication of that originality 
and independence of mind, which in a young man promises 
distinction. And there was a something about him, a moral 
and mental superiority, which impressed all observers, that he 
WBS a prince and a great man in Israel/' If the autlior is 
permitted to carry down this work sixteen years later, he will 
then inforbi the reader how Bangs' preaching impressed his 
Dwn mind under bis newly-awakened interest in religbn, at 
which time it was his privilege to hear him twice. 

29. He was appointed for the ensuing year to the Delaware 
Circuit among his friends. As he will often fall in with the 
ctirrent of otir story, he continuing the life-long friend of 
Canada ; and as we are very loath to part company with him, 
we will not take our final leave of him till the end of our work. 

30. The year which closes with this part of Methodism 
was characterized by the establishment of the second weekly 
paper published in Montreal, the Canadian Couravt, in the 
office of which there was a young man learning the printing- 
business, who was to become very pious ; to marry and settle 
in the Upper Province, to keep ** a lodging-place for wayfar 
ing men,*' to become a very useful leader and local preacher, 
and then^ somewhat late in life, to enter the itinerant minis- 




try. This then yoatbftil person wad no other than the now 
(1866) reverend and venerable Stephen Miles. There were 
then but two weekly papers published in the Upper Province, 
and we opine but for the books carried in the Methodist Preach- 
ers' saddle-bagSy and icatt^red by them through the oountiy, 
the reading matter among the people would have been small 
indeed ; but the Methodist people of that day, and for two de- 
cades afterwards, in proportion to their number and means, 
bought vastly more and better books than they do now. Our 
standard works, as far as then published, were nearly in every 
family. Both people and preachers are to blame for the 
falling ofEl May there be« in this respect, a return to the 
**old paths." 




case's second term in the 6ANADA FIELD, AND WHAT 

1. Although the Canadian Provinces lost their Bangs at 
the close of the preceding period, they regained their Case at 
the beginning of this one, which commenced in 1808. 

2. The Stations for that year were as follow :— 


Samuel Coate, Presiding Elder. 
Quebec, Samuel Cochran. 
Montreal, Thomas Madden. 
Ottawa, William Snyder. 


Joseph SawyeRj Presiding Elder. 
Cornwall, William Snow. 
St. Lawrence^ Chandly Lambert, 
Augusta, Daniel Pickett, John Reynolds. 
Bag of Quinte, T^inian Holmns, Cephas Hulburt. 
SrAitKs Creek, Elias Pattie, 
Yonge Street, Robert Perry. 
Ntagara, Henry Ryan, J. B. Smith. 
Ancaster, William Case. 
Long Point, Thomas Whitehead. 


DunJiam, (Ashgrove District) Oliver Sikes. 
Stanstead, (New London District, New England Conference) 
Charles Virgin. 




B. In these stations we miss another one, besides Bangs, of 
those who were Mr. Case's fellow-laborers while in Canada the 
first time» who has lefl for the United States, and is to return 
to the Province no more — namely, Luther Bishop. Ho re- 
mained daring the year that Mr. Case was out, and being ad- 
mitted to Elders' Orders at the Conference of 1807, he was 
placed in charge of the best Circuit in the District, the Bay of 
Quinte. " The great and the small are there." This undor- 
sized man has the gigantic Pattie for his assistant. The yoar 
of which we are writing, (1808,) he received an appointment to 
the Black River Circuit, where he was second preacher. The 
second year, he is first in that same Circuit. The next year, 
(1810,) falling within the boundaries of the newly-organized 
Glenesee Conference, he is in charge of Westmoreland, a 
six-weeks Circuit, with two Elders under him. All of these 
appointments show that he was a rising man. In 1811 he is 
in charge of Herkimer Circuit, where he stays a second year 
in the same position. In 1812, he is in charge of Mexico 
Circuit. This is his last appointment, for at the close of this 
Conference-year, namely in 1814, be loccUeds having travelled 
eleven years, a long period for that day. Why he left the 
active work, or whether or not he ever returned, wc know 
not. We suspect he did not enter the itineracy again. Dur- 
ing part of the time he labored on Circuits in the States, he 
had an old Canadian acquaintance for his Presiding Elder in 
the person of our principal subject, Rev. Wm. Cascv as wo 
shall see. For the present we must leave him. 

4. Quebec, foundedjust two hundred years before, (in JC08,) 
is placed at the head of the Canadian work this year, (1808,) 
and is supplied by Samuel Cochran. From this appointn^ent, 
as well as from his after-ones, it seems he was no I'noan man. 
At the present we have no particulars concerning his labors 
there ^ but we find from the Minutes, those invaluable records, 



156 OA£n, Aim 

tbat tba nnmb^ of members in the iafant ohazga went tip 
daring his pastorate from thirteen to iktrty-five^ an increase of 
twenty^wo. Mr. Langlois does not mention Mr. Cocbran's 
name» t>ut mentions two important facta which belong to thia 
period, and which^ beside being interesting in ihamselvesy in* 
dicate an iq)ward tendency. Band^meetrngSr which many 
have found to be very profitable, were now established; and 
) Mr. Langlois himself b^n the study of the EitglUh Ian- 
goage, that he might pray and labor for the good of others in 
that, aa well as the French, which was his vernacular tongue* 

In the old Oaw^otchie Circuit Baptismal Begister, which 
is in oxa possession, we find the following entry, which will 
show the whereabouts of the parties named, at tbe dates given; 
and the estimate in which Mr. Cochran was held by hia Pr&- 
aiding Elder, who called his infant son by tbe young preacher's 
name : ** Samuel Cochran, son of Samuel and Ann Coate, bom 
in Edwardsbuigh, January 29th, 1808, and baptised by the 
Bev. Joseph Sawyer, March 13th, 1808.'' Thus the Upper 
Canada Chairman dedicates the child of his Lower Canada 
eo^ual, while on a visit to his father-in-l^w, Mr. Dulmage. 

5. Althot^h Mjl Madd£n was debarred from Montreal the 
previous year, he is sent-to that important station the present 
one (1808-9.) His numbers went up from sixteen to twenty^ 
eight. Further than this, we bave no account of his labors 
or condition. We suspect tbat a part of his time was employ- 
ed in assisting Snyder on the Ottawa. 

6. A name new to the Province appears in connexion with 
the Cornwall Circuit, namely, William Show. Twenty-six 
years after, the writer travelled over the same ground, and 
found grateful remembrances among the older people, of his 
tender spirit, diligent labors^ and of his anxieties connected 
with the government of the infant societies^ at a period wheOf if 




there was more BimpUcity, there was less of dignified avoid- 
ance of childish squabbles. Aod the writer met a person in 
the township of Edwardsbnrgh, whom Mr. Snow had the 
painfal necessity of dismembering from the Ghorch. This 
person's family^ after a quarter of a century of aUeaation, we 
received into fellowship again, and visited them pastorally from 
time to time. His preaching place in that township was Squire 
Macllmoirs ; many of whose decendants are the earnest adher« 
ents of Methodium now. Mr. James Froom was the friend of 
Mr. Snow, as he was of all the ministers to the day of his 

7. Snow's preaching, like that of all who depend on the 
inspiration of the moment, was variable. We he3rd of hia 
preaching at two Camp-Meetings. Elder Case told the story 
of the first. Snow had a very hard time on this occasion. At 
the conclusion he said : " Brethren, 1 have done^ and I am 
glad of it !" At the other, he went to the extreme of success 
in his effort. The meeting was held not far from HoUoweU^ 
(now Pictot,) and Snow attended it on his way in from the 
States. He preached from the text, " This Grospel of the 
kingdom must be preached in all the world for a witnesd unto 
all nations, and then shall the end come." The Lord gave 
his joung servant great enlargement of heart and liberty of 
speech, and much po ver attended the word. There was 
weeping among the unconverted, and rejoicing among the right* 
eous. The Rev. Robert Perry, who was very demonstrative, 
not without a dash of irreverence, was there, and sympathised 
Very strongly with the youthful preacher's theme and manner 
of handling it. When Perry could contain no longer, he 
burst forth with, *' Glory to God, for Snow in summer 1" He 
had labored on the Delaware Circuit a year before coming to 
this country. 




8. Tlie little incident above mentioned has lingered in tnc 
writer's memory many years. It was related to bim alx)Ut 
midway between the time of its occurrence and the present 
time, in the wilds of Marmora, by the pious wife of " Old 
George Gain/' he who was made the instrument of a great 
revival of religion in the Bay of Quinte country, of which 
we have yet to speak. 

9. The Gornwall was organized as a Gircuit, separate from 
the Oswegotchie, (which henceforth till our own day has been 
called Augusta^) this year of which we write (1808.) The 
membership of the latter at the close of the year was forty 

souls. » We have one other new name to notice in the "Upper 

Canada District/' although his Gircuit, the St. Lawrence, ii 
on the wrong side of the river from which it derived its name; 
but as he served another year in a part of the District which 
fell within Ganada proper, we must not overlook his advent in 
the District. He has a musical, formidable name, — it is 
Ghandly Lambert ; and I suspect we have stumbled upon a 
real man. The Rev. Dr. Peck says of him three years later, at 
the organizing of the Oenesee Conference, in his enumeration 
of its worthies : '' Ghandly Lambert was there, a soldier of 
the Gross, famous fbr order and Methodistlcal things ; who 
was so strict and stood so straightly while administering dis- 
cipline, that the enemies of strfctness said, tauntingly, he leaned 
over backwards.' ' He was only received on trial at the pre- 
vious Conference, though put in charge of a Gircuit. Neverthe- 
less, his charge prospered, for he increased his membership by 
a third. We will pay our respects to him again, 

10. We have yet another new name. He is the assistant 
of Mr. Pickett on the Augusta Gircuit. No foreign importa- 
tion is he, but a native-born Canadian, from the township of 
Oxford, in the county of that name, if we mistake not. Ho 




was in person trim, sprightly, sharp-featuredi and dark oom- 
plexioned; had received a fair education for the day and 
conntry ; was a slow spoken preacher at the heginniog of his 
discourse, feeling his way along, but who often became very 
animated, if not eloquent, before its close, producing offcen a 
very good impression, to which a musical, undulating, boom-» 
ing sort of voice contributed. If we remember aright he was 
a good singer also, with that same sort of quaver in bis voiccy 
with still more effect than in speaking. This was no other 
than he who was afterwards known as *' Bishop Eeynolds," 
who headed one of the largest disruptions from the original 
and central Methodist body that ever occurred in the Pro- 
vince. But more of him and his adherents in the proper 
place. Till then we must know him simply as the Bey. John 

11. Mr. Case, we have seen, was this year, (1808-9,) ap- 
pointed again to Canada, and stationed in the Ancaster 
Circuit, a field of labor dismembered from the old Niagara 
Circuit, and to comprehend, no doubt, the new settlements ad- 
jacent. The older part of it embraced the country about the 
head of the lake, known as " Methodist Mountain," one of 
the most inviting portions of the Province physically and re- 
ligiously. " Bowman's Chapel was the head of the Circuit, 

situated seven miles south-west from the present City of Hamil- 
ton. It was named after Peter Bowman, near whose residence it 
was erected ; he was the first Recording Steward ; his house was 
the principal home for preachers during his lifetime and that 
of his partner, and is still, through the hospitality of their only 
child. Seldom do we find an instance like this, of preacherSi 
for the long period of sixty-five years, making the same spot 
their resting-place and transient home. The settlement was 
commenced in 1793, and was principally composed of the U. 



160 CASE, AND 

E. Loyalists^ mostly of Dufcch deseent, from the Mohawk 
Valley, in the State of New Yotk, and from New Jersey. The 
first class was formed in 1796, by the Rev. James Coleman. 
The first Methodist was Ann Smith, wifd of John (Batton) 
Smith : she was converted in the United States through the 
instrumentality of the Rev. Jaoob Abbots The other members 
of the class were Peter Bowman and wife, Jacob Smith and 
wife^ Joseph House and wife, Edmund Smith and wife, Isaac 
Horning and wife, Abraham Horning and wife, and Duncan 
Spears, who was leader for a short time^ but was succeeded by 
Jacob Smith, who retained the office till his death-- 'the long 
period of forty years : he was remarkablj faithful and sue- 
oessfol ; but the only eulogium that need be pronounced, is 
the length and success of his oversight^ and the conversion of 
his very numerous family, and his children's children, who at 
this day form, probably, a majority of the society, besides 
some who are members of other classes. Peter Bowman was 
a man of strong mind — energetic and industrious — devoted to 
God, — inflexible in his attachment to Methodism, — he acquired 
a very handsome property in the neighborhood. One opinion 
only have we heard expressed of Mrs. Bowman, — that she had 
a very superior intellect, was deeply pious — a shouting Metho- 
dist of the old school. **It is rather a singular fact, that 

some of the most prominent and devoted, the most exemplary 
and holy of the first Methodists at the head of Lake 
Ontario, belonged, during the American revolution, to that 
military dorps called Butler's Bangers, a name not very 
palatable to our American cousins, being to them a synonym 
^ of all that is cruel, vindictive, and blood thirsty; but on the 
other hand, all that is loyal, courageous, s(nd heroic in 
battle and stratagem. Some rather amusing incidents are 
still related of American Preachers, and even of others, 
who have been interrupted in their evening tales of the 




sauguinary orneltics, and the cold blooded batcheries of the 
Rangers, by the reply, * I was one of them,' or as we lately 
heard, * My father was one of Butler's Rangers,' and when 
these relations were flatly denied, we may guess the uneasy 

slumbers of the preacher. " The next society in regard 

to date, formed on the Ancaster Circuit, was that in the 
Township of Barton, on the site of the present City of 
Hamilton. Richard Springer, one of the old U. E. Loyalists, 
moved there in 1798. He had previously resided at the 
Four Mile Creek, where he had been converted and united 
with the Church. Ho was the first Class Leader, and the 
chapel was erected on his farm in 1825. It still remains, 
having passed through a thorough repairing a few years 
ago. The original members of his class, or those who 
became connected with it shortly after its formation, were^ 
Sarah Springer, his wife ; John Aikman, Hannah Aikman — 
the only resident survivor of the class — John and Sarah 
Springer, Margaret Springer, mother of the Leader ; Peter and 
Florence Ferguson,Heziah Lockwood, still living near London ; 
Charles and Lena Dupuy, Peter Jones, uncle to the late Rev. 
Peter Jones; George Stewart, sen.; Gkorge Stewart, jun.; Ann 
Stewart, Caleb Forsyth, and Nathaniel Hughson. Richard 
Springer is represented as being a holy and devout man , popu- 
lar and successful as a Leader — one of a small knot of zealous 
men, such as Peter Bowslaugh and S. Cline, two Local Preach- 
ers,— could preach better in Dutch than in English. When 
advanced in life, they attended every Quarterly Meeting at 
all accessible. All were sincere and emotional. At a crowd 
ed Love-feasty such as they had in those days. Brother Springer 
is forced to take a seat in one of those old fashioned capacious 
pulpits, and commences the relation of his christian experi- 
ence with, * Bless the Lord, I never was so high in the Church 



3:€f2 CASE* AND 

before.' A little distance from bim Brother Bowslangh soon 
follows by exclaimiug, ' I tank Got, that Got is Got, and that 
I am Peter Bowslaugh,* — ^a glorious idea quaintly expressed." 
— (/&«• J. Hughes,) 

12. His (Case's) return to Canada was the result of his own 
voluntary offer, having felt his health and spirits so completely 
renovated by his travels in the Catskill Mountains ; and he 
certainly needed such an invigorator to encounter the difficul- 
ties that attended his journey back. They are thus narrated 
by himself : " On my arrival at Black Rock, the embargo pro- 
hibited the transport of property across the line. At first I 
was perplexed and knew not what to do. So I went to the 
hay-loft and fell on my face in prayer. I asked the Lord, as 
I was engaged in his work, to open my way to fulfil my mis- 
sion in Canada. Having committed all to God, I returned to 
my lodgings at the inn, where a stranger smilingly said : — * I 
should not wonder if the Missionary should jump into the 
boat, take his horse by the bridle, and swim round the embargo^ 
I did so, swam the Niagara River, and landed safely in Canada.'' 
We are not to understand from the last obscure sentence that 
Mx. Case swam the river in person, or eren in the saddle^ but 
that he was driven to< the necessity (ji making hi^ poor horse 
swim it after the boot 

13. We are sorry that fuller information than we are about 
to give, which we fully expected to have, has not come to hand, 
relative to his labors this year. It will, perhaps, arrive and 
become available in another part of the book. But we have 
reason to believe that he labored with his usual assiduity, ac- 
ceptability, and success. The country on the lake shore, 
from Flamboro' to York Township, was called the ** New Pur- 
chase," from its having been recently bought by the Govern- 
ment froQi the Indians, excepting a small '* reservation " at 




tbe mouth of the Credit River and along its two sides. There 
were, probably, a few scattered, settlers and two or three 
preaching places in this tract in 1808, bat the Dundas Road 
was not yet opened, and the only thoroughfare from An- 
caster to York was the beach, — the traveller having to ferry 
the Credit and ford the Humber, Mimico, and Sixteen. Once 
pursuing his way along the kJce shore, he met at a narrow 
pass a solitary wayfarer, stopped him, and spoke to him of 
salvation till he began to weep» then he proposed prayer, 
alighted from his horse,, and wrestled in earnest intercession is 
his behalf till Gtod, in his mercy, set his soul at liberty. The 
two embraced each other and went on their opposite ways re- 
joicing, to meet no more, so &r as we know^ till they met in 
heaven. He returned at the end of the year three hundred 
members, a.large proportionof whom must have been gathered 
in by himself. Our additional information has arrived, but 
it only amounts tO: this — that the Circuit included the Town> 
ships of Ancaster, Beverly,.Flamboro' Bast and West, Nelson, 
Trafalgar, and perhaps Toronto and Barton, as ^ as sur- 
veyed;^ that Case had no assistant; and the leading layman 
of that day on the Circuit were Henry and Conrad Cope^ 
(Copetown,) Peter Bowman, Jacob Smith, and Abraham 
Horning, (Ancaster.) We are indebted to the venerable Isaac 
YanNorman for the above. 

14. Before dismissing Mr. Case and the Ancaster Circuit, 
we cannot forbear remarking that there were several things 
connected with it adapted to create the germ of that sympathy 
for the aboriginal inhabitants of the country, and desire for 
their salvation, which in after years beoame his ruling passion 
— a passion which led him to adopt those measures for their 
conversion and improvement that constituted the one great 
business of the last thirty years of his life. The matters re- 



164 CASE, AND 

ferred to relating to the Indians connected with his Gironit^ 
were the squalid wretchedness of the poor Mississangas about 
the mouth of the Credit, along the lake shore, and around 
Burlington Bay, their usual haunts ; the vast extent of the 
Indian country occupied by the **Six Nations/' which con- 
stituted the western boundary or barrier of his Circuit, and 
the relics (of touching interest) of aboriginal numbers and 
warlike prowes which marked the centre of his field of labor. 
These latter are thus described by a brother itinerant, (Rev. 
Dr. Reed) who came into the country a few years later, and 
rode over the ground in company with Mr. Case himself. 

15. ''At the head of Lake Ontario is a considerable body 
of water, separated from the lake by a sandy beach about five 
miles in length, and from eighty to one hundred yards in 
width. The water thus separated from the lake is called Bur- 
lington Bay, at the upper end of which now stands the City 
of Hamilton. The outlet of the bay into the lake is near the 
north end of the beach, and is celebrated as a famous fishing- 
place. The Indians have some curious traditions concerning 
this particular region, to which I will presently refer. I 
noticed in passing over this beach singular excavations at 
regular intervals about midway between the lake and the bay. 
They were about twenty or thirty rods apart, originally of a 
square form, and measuring from ten to fifteen yards on a 
side. They were evidently artificial, and of a very ancient 
date, as in some instances old trees were growing within them, 
and th^ Indians had no tradition of their origin or design. I 
judge that they must have been intended for military use. At 
the north end of the beach, on the main land, beautifully situ- 
ated near the lake shore, was the elegant residence of Colonel 
Brandt, son of the old chief of revolutionary celebrity. [The 
* old chief* himself was alive in Case's time.] The Colonel 
was an educated and well bred gentleman, and with his family 




assooiated with the higher classes of society. [And this was 
true of the father, who was educated in England as well as the 
son.] In this immediate vicinity the soil was mingled with 
Tast quantities of human bones, stones, arrow heads, hatchets, 
&c., the weapons of ancient Indian warfare. In sight of 
the mansion, and in plain view of the road, was a large mound 
of earth filled with human bones. One or two others stood 
near but had been demolished. In several instances I was in- 
formed, stone-hatchets and arrow heads were found firmly fixed 
in skulls, plainly indicating that the victims had fallen in some 
hostile encounter. 

16. ^^ The Indian tradition respecting these bones is as 
follows : — ' The Chippeways once had undivided possession of 
this region of country, and for many years enjoyed the 
monopoly of its fine hunting grounds and fistingplaces. 
The Mohawks on the east of the lakes, in what is now West- 
em New York, had long coveted this territory, and finally 
resolved upon an attempt to conquer it and dispossess its 
rightful owners. Accordingly they crossed the Niagara 
Kiver, marched up^the lake to the bay, fougl\t their way across 
the beach, and on the main land, where now lay the bones of 
slaughtered thousands, fought a long, terrible, and final bat- 
tle.' The Mohawks say they defeated and scattered the 
Chippeways ; but the Chippeways, and, among the rest, the 
Bev. John Sunday, a chief of that nation, say that they suc- 
cessfully repelled the Mohawk invasion. And this version is 
supported by their keeping possession of the grounds — the 
Mohawks of the Grand Kiver being deported to this 
country by the British Government at the close of the 
Revolutionary War, and not originally indigenous to the soil." 

17. We now turn to Mr. Case's co-adjutors, and must devote 
a few lines to the brethren who labored on the two Circuits in 



166 C'ABS, ARD 

the E«8teim Townsbips, ftltbotigfa wiiAiet of them will cttoSB f>i£r 
patti after this year. They were both new names to the 
ProTiBce. Of the Dunham preiiohei''6 labors during iih^ 
year we know nothing ; but, from the ohmracter givetti of him 
in Idle Minutes, no doubt they were faithful and betiefioktl. 
As his ConfbreDoe Obituary u short, we subjoin it, that our 
Canada rea^rs may see the eweer and end of anodier of our 
etdy evangelists. 

18. "Who have died this year?" (1852-3.) "Ans.— "* 
Rev. Oliver SiKes, who was bom in Suffield, Con., 1778. 
He died in Stratford, in the same State, T^bruary 11, 1853. 
In his twetity-seoend year he received the forgiveness of his 
BIOS. In 1806/' (then twedty^eigfat years of age,) ^* be was 
received on trial in the New York Cenfbrence. In 1810, he 
became snperannuated, and most of the time continued in 
this relation tUl the close of life. He was dUigent in hifi 
Master's husiness to the extent of his ability. He was a 
good man, and full of faith and of the Holy Obost. He was 
a good preacher, and served his God and his generation with 
great fidelity. His last sickness was severe and |yrotraeted ; 
he, however, suffered patiently. With an unclouded prospect 
before him, he took his departure for the rest which remaineth 
for the people of God. Brother Sikes was never married. 
His property, about $2,500, he bequeathed to the Missionary 
Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, for the benefit of 
the China Mission. ' The memory of the just is blessed V " 
We observ/e concerning him, that he was one of those bache- 
lor preachers who constituted the majority of itinerants in the 
early history of both European and American Methodism. 
He finished his effective labors in Canada East, he gave his 
property at death to that work to which he had given his life, 
and he died within the bounds of the New York East Confer- 
ence. Such was Oliver Sikcs. 




19. Charlbs YiEGm, the mlDiBt^ on tho Stanstead Oir- 
ctlit for this year, (1808-9,) stood in connection with the New 
England Conference, within the bounds of which he contin- 
ued to labor — rising, like many others who spent their noviti- 
ate in Canada, to the office of Presiding Elder — and dBed in 
the work. We subjoin the Obituary of the Minutes : — 

20. *^.The Kev. Charles Virgin departed this life at Wil- 
brabam, April 1, 1853. He was bom in Hopkinton, N. H., 
May 8, 1^787.'* (He was nine years younger than Sikes.) 
** At the age of twelve years he was converted to God, and 
eight years after*' — ^at the age of twenty — "he joined the 
Kew England Conference, held at Boston, June, 1807. Dur- 
ing the time he sustained an effective relation, besides his 
several circuit appointments, he served the Chuich in the 
office of Presiding Elder in two Districts, the Boston and 
the Kennebec. He was also a member both of the General 
Conference of 1816, held in Baltimore, and the one held in 
Cincinnati in 1836. Though enjoying but limited advantages 
in his youth, by his diligence and zeal his ministry was ren- 
dered both acceptable and useful. His character was marked 
by uprightness and decision. He was sincerely attached to 
the cause of the slave, and faithful in the discharge of his 
personal and social duties as a Chri8tian. He was given to 
much prayer, and though at times subject to great depression 
of spirits, he frequently seemed overpowered by bis religious 
emotions. On those occasions he exhorted and invited sinners 
to seek the Saviour with deep pathos and aJOFection. His last 
appointment was Monson. Since his superannuation he re- 
sided at Wilbridiam, Mass. Though feeble for years, his last 
fdckness continued but four days. His final hours were hours 
of triumph. While he could yet speak, he bore testimony to 
the power and comfort of religion. Among his last expres- 



168 0A8E, AND 

sions he said, ' He had great commnnioations of graoo and love 
from his Heavenly Father.' He sleeps in Jesus." A virgin 
soul was he indeed. 

21. Thus have we given such details of this first year of 
Case's second period of sojourn in Canada, as have come down 
to our times. The increase for the year, (1808-9,) including 
the St. Lawrence Circuit, and leaving out Dunham and Stan- 
stead, which were comprehended in other Districts, was 280 ; 
members, making the total membership for the two Canada 
Districts, two thousand five hundred wnd forty souls. 

22. The period comprehended in this Fifth Book in- 
cludes one more Conference-year, of which we hope to give 
fuller particulars, from some of the actors in the scenes, than 
of the last. 

23. The Kev. William Case, our principal subject, had now 
travelled four years, at the end of which period, a prcachet 
against whom no objection could be I'ound, was entitled to 
Elders' Orders ; but Mr. Case had received that ordination the 
year before, at the end of three years in the ministry, one year 
in advance of the same graduating class with himself, a prooi 
of the confidence reposed in him by the authorities of the 
Connexion, and of the exigencies of the work which required 
it. Whether he went to the Conference at the end of the 
year of which we have been writing, and which sat in the city 
of New York, May lOtb, 1809, or not, does not appear. We 
suspect he saved the expense of time and money to the Church, 
and of toil and travel to himself, from what hereafter appears 

24. The Stations for 1809-10, were as follow :— 


Samuel Coate, Presiding Elder. 
QudeCf George McCracken. 
Three Rivers, Joseph Samson. 




Montreal, Joseph Scull. 
Oltaw% Thomas Madden. 


Joseph Sawtbr, Presiding Elder. 
ComwaUt Elias Pattio. 
iS^ Lawrence, William Snow. 
Augustay Ninian Holmes. 

Bay of Quinte^ Ohandly Lambert, Joseph Inokwood* 
Smith's Creeky Cephas Holbnrt 
Tange Streety John |leynolds. 
Niagara, Henry Byan, Robiert Peny. 
Anca$ier, Andrew Prindle. 
Jjyng Pointy Thomas Whitehead. 


JOunTuimt (New York Conference), Lansford Whiting. 

Sianstead, (New England Conference), Squire Streeter. 

25. The Circuits in the two Canadian Districts are enume- 
rated in true geographical order, banning with the most 
eastern station and proceeding westward consedCitively ; that 
is, from Quebec to Detroit. Three Eivers and Dotroit are 
now for the first time in the list of Stations. Of the first, 
Mr. Play ter says in his usually just and elegant manner : — **Ai 
the mouth of the Biver St. Lawrence, about half way between 
Montreal and Quebec, is a town called Three Bivers, It owos 
the name to the position of two small islands in the mouth ol 
the St. Maurice, giving the stream issuing into the St. Law- 
rence the appearance of three rivers. It is ono of tlie oldesl 
places in Canada, and onoe possessed a great share of the fur 
trade. Seven or eight miles up the river is a great bed of iror 
ore, and iron forges, which did a great work in supplying th< 
early settlers with pots, kettles, and stoves. The forges won 
at work long before the conquest of Canada by the British 



170 CASE, AND 

AlthoQgli the bulk of the people were French ttnd Roman 
Catholics, yet, owing to the iron ore, many Englishmeh ^re 
employed in making tnodela And castings. For the spiritual 
benefit of these persens," (sad doubtless with Bome hope of 
reaching the French). '< Three Rivers was added to the list 
of Circuits, and Joseph Samson was tife first Methodist 
preacher,*' of whom more anon. 

26. Bfk. !PLATTEtt pits Ueirdit irinohg the eiceptiotial 
Circuits, as not being proji^ly m CmtiS&» But it was not 
a case analogous to the St. Bawtencie Cirbuiit, which lay 
wholly on the Americ8(n side df the river of the setme name, 
but it was more like the old Oswegptchie Circuit, which wa» 
named from a place in the State of New York, but which lay 
wholly in Canada. It is trttil, it tras the intention of the 
Bishop appdnting, to make Deti^dit the h&na fide head of 
the Circuit, which was to coniprise both sides of tbe river, but 
it will be seen tha^ less was done there than on the Canada 
Bide, where the principal part of the Circuit lay, and where 
most of the success was realized. But we turn from the Cir- 
cuits to the laborers. 

27. We miss Ihaac B. SMD^H from the list of Canada 
Stations^ who is app(]liited to the Albany Circuit in the State 
of New York, as the junior cdleague of an old Canadian 
acquaintance bf bis aiid the readers, tbe ^xellent Nathan 

28. Samuel CocHitAN, too, has j^ne^ aind is stationed out 
of the country, at Whitingham, N. Y., never to return to 
Canada again. In parting coThpany with him we have great 
pleasure in transcribing the following Conference obituary, 
which has lately come to hand, "Samuel Cochran was born 
August 31st, 1778, in Halifax, Vt. He was converted to 
Gt>d in 1800. In 1802 he eomn^ehced holding meetings for 




exhortation and prayer, and withoat solicitations On his part, 
received a license to exhort, and subsequently one to preach. 
In Nov. 1803, he was employed by the Presiding Elder to 
labor on Fletcher Cirouit At the ensuing Oonferenoe, held 
June 12, 1804, he was reeeiwd on trial and appointed to 
Grand Isle. Brother Co<$hffan fill«d successively the follow- 
ing appointments, viz. : Yergennes, Litchfield, St. Lawrenee, 
Quebec, Whitingham, PittgfiehJ, Pownell, New York, Goshen, 
Dutchess, (three times) Suffc^k, Jamaica, Beading, Hudson, 
New Rochelle, Stamford, Amelia, New York, (last Circuit,) 
Milan and Amenia." [They forgot to say that he was Pre- 
siding Elder two years on the famous Hhinebeck Distriety 
adding another one to the list of early Canadian laborers who 
became eminent.] ** He performed thirty-eight years effec- 
tive service. In 184:^-2, he held the relation of supernume- 
rary, and was connected with the First Church in Pough- 
keepsie. In 1843 and 1844 be was returned as Superannua- 
ted until the spring of 1846, when he finbhed his earthly 
career, during the session of the New York Conference. 
Brother C. was truly a man of God. In labors he was 
abundant and successful. Many, through his instrumentality, 
were converted. Though firn^, he was mild in the adminis- 
tration of discipline; and the blessing of the Peace Maker 
rested upon him. Brother Coobran was lit^ally worn out in 
his Master*s service, yet he might have lingered a while among 
us, had not his progress to the tomb been accelerated by 
several paralytic strokes. His death, though not unexpected, 
was sudden. Having left the dinner table and seated himself 
in an adjoining room, his wife heard a noise, and hastening to 
ascertain the cause, found him prostrated on the floor. His 
hour had come — he spoke no more, but closed his eyes and 
expired. During his sickness his mind had been calm and 
peaceful." Such was the end of Samuel Cochran. 



172 0A8S, AND 

29. We likewise miss poor William Snyder's name. He 
bad discontinued travelling. Two reasons might be assigned 
for this : — First, he failed among the French, on whose con- 
version his h^wrt was set^ and to which work he bad been 
specially designated ; and his talents were not quite equal to 
the English work. Secondly, he began to give evidence of 
that aberration of mind, which issued in confirmed derange- 
ment. His want of success in his chosen work may have 
contributed to his malady. But he was never otherwise than 
blameless and pious. His ruling passion appeared in all his 
mental wanderings. His relatives and acquaintances in the 
Matilda Country assured the writer, that after he became a 
confirmed lunatic he used to take his French Bible in his 
hand, and wait in the coldest days in winter for the appear- 
ance of the brigades of traineauXf loaded with merchandize 
from Montreal for the western part of the Upper Province, 
driven by French Canadians, and when he met them followed 
them for miles, preaching and enforcing religion as well as 
his shattered faculties would allow. Such was his character 
and conduct till God in mercy took him from the evil to 
come, to enjoy, with an unclouded intellect, the glories of his 
celestial presence. Mrs. Jacob Ault, of Matilda, a truly pious 
and hospitable woman, whose husband was a class-leader 
when the writer labored on the Matilda Circuit, in 1834, was 
a sister of William Snyder. 

SO. We find in the catalogue of preachers stationed this 
year (1809-10) no less than six new names j namely, George 
McCracken, Joseph Samson, Joseph Scull, Joseph Lockwood, 
Lansford Whiting, and Squire Streeter, to each of whom we 
must present our salutations. 

31. Qeorgb McCracken, stationed in Quebec, we suspect, 
from his name, is a Scotchman. We see at once he is an elder. 




from his name being printed with italics in the Minnies ; but 
he has been ordained one year in advance of his claim for this 
special charge, a proof that he was a man who had inspired 
confidence. He was received on trial three years before our 
present date, in the Philadelphia Conference. His previous 
Circuits had been Dorchester and Lyons, in that Conference, 
and Scipio in the New York. Mr. Langlois' Journal does not 
mention him, but his station Vill come into notice, presently, 
in another connection. Beyond the above, we can say no more 
mth our present information of Mr. McOracken. Perhaps 
we may stumble on gomething in the course of our inquiries 
that may elucidate his history more fully. 

32. The new station of Three Rivers has also a preacher 
new to the province : this is the Rev. Joseph Samson, whose 
name was pronounced Sausaw by the French. He is 
admitted to be a French Canadian, but how he had wandered 
so far South as the Baltimore Conference, where he was re- 
ceived on trial in 1805, or what his antecedents and means of 
his conversion were, much as we would like to tell our readers, 
we know not. He spent the first four years of his ministry ia 
that Conference, on the Hartford, Prince-George, Frederick, 
and Severn Circuits. He was not at the session of the Phila- 
delphia Conference in 1809, to receive orders, but was elected 
to them. He had, perhaps, gone on to his new field of labor 
at once, and met Bishop Asbury at a certain point in his 
northern tour to receive orders. The Rev. H. Bochm, then 
Bishop Asbury's travelling companion, gives us an account of 
this transaction, and some notion of the man. He says : << On 
Friday (this was in June, 1809,) the Bishop preached at Mr. 
Fuller's, on Lake Champlain. Here he ordained Joseph 
Samson an elder, and sent him a missionary to his country- 
men in Quebec, where it was likely he was to spend part of 
his time. Samson was a Candian Frenchman, and talked 



174 CASS» AN]> 

broken English. In spoaking of tbe Lamb of God, be ooula 
not think of the word, so be said '^ Qod's vumtont^ the French 
word for sheep. He did not sucoeed in Canada, and after- 
wards was a roember of the Philadelphia Gonferenee, and on 
my District. Ho was not a Sampson physically, or mentally, 
or theologically. Becoming unsound in doctrine, and deny* 
ing the divinity of Christ, be was expelled. He appealed to 
the General Conference, and the decision of the Philadelphia 
Conference was confirmed/' Alas, poor Joseph Samson f 
But we shall see him for a time elevated to tbe Presiding Elder's 
office. He returned eight members at tbe end of bis first 
year in Three Rivers. 

33. The city of Montreal has one of the new laborers, the 
Ilev. Joseph Scull. He bad just graduated to and received 
Elder's orders. He began his miftisterial eareer in the Phiia- 
ddphia Conference in 1805, the same year that Mr. Case 
went out Into the work, and spent the first ^ree years within 
the bounds of that Conference, on the three following Circuits^ 
Someraett, Talbot, and Ontario, in which last two be had the 
charge. In 1808, be was stationed in the Cayuga Circuit 
within the bounds of the !New York Conference ; and under 
the auspices of that Coaferenee which exercised jurisdiction 
in the two Canadati, he was sent to the important station oi 
Montreal. There was no numerical augmentation that year 
in his charge. There was, however, an upward tendency in 
one other respect, as will be seen from tbe succeeding para- 

84. Samuel Coate, we have seen, was the Presiding Elder 
over the four Circuits, which formed the Lower Canada District 
Quebec, Three Rivers, Montreal, and Ottawa. How he occu- 
pied his time, what was his own state and condition, and ho^ 
the work prospered in general, and especially in two of the 




Circuits over wluoh he presided, will appear from the following- 
letter, written when this Confereace year was about half ex- 
pired, addressed to the Bev. Joseph Benson, Weslejan 
Missionary Secretary, London, England. We give it entirei 
as every little item is valuable in giving the reader an idea of 
the times of which we write :— 

*' Montreal, Oct. 23, 1809. 

35. *« Bev- and Dear Sib,— .1 received your's of the 22nd 
of March, and am happy to learn that you all enjoy your 
usual good health. For my own part I am not so well in 
health as when I wrote to you before. Some time in the sum- 
mer pasty I broke a blood-vessel, this has been followed by a 
great weakness and pain in my breast, and at length has 
brought on my old cough, which attended me iu England* 
The doctors now forbid me preaching at all. It seems, how- 
ever, hard for one who has the word of the Lord like fire in 
his bones, to refrain from speaking. Nevertheless, I have to 
acknowledge that I live fer beneath my privileger and do not 
enjoy that intercourse with the Supreme Qod that J might if 
I were faithful ; yet God is kind and still condescends to be 
witii me ia a measure. I have lately been in the United 
Sta.te8y and attended some very great Camp-meetings ; one in 
the state of Delaware, ou the ground belonging to the old 
Governor, Mr. Ba^Qett ; another near Sa!cim, New Jersey ; a 
third in the upper part of Jersey, near Trenton, and a fourth 
a^ Groton River, iu tbe N^^ Yprk 3tate; at all pf which 
pieetings the Divine presence w^ ^pgularly n^anifested, and 
I ttiink by what I fpit and saw myfi^lP, as well as from what 
I have since heard from others, my poor labors were crowr.ed 
with as groat success at some of these meetings as ever they 
^Gre at any time of my life before. At Salea it was said 
fartjr or fifty were awakened under one sermon, the greatest 



176 OABE, AND 

part of whom joined tho Society. This circumstance was 9 
great comfort to me, for I have not been able to preach often. 
Bat I have not had any disposition to be exalted, but rather 
to give all Che glory to Him from whom every good and per- 
fect gift is derived, and who can make use of the feeblest 
instrument to e&ct his purposes of grace towards his intelli- 
gent creatures. The work is in a prosperous way, upon the 
whole, in the States. We are also coming forward consider- 
ably in this Province. Our chapel here (Montreal) is now 
about completed, and a very handsome one it is. We have 
every prospect of having it full of hearers. They are making 
some attempt at erecting a house at Quebec also, but I expect 
they will hardly haVe sti^tigth among themselves to effept it. 

36. ** lily family are all well at present ; but my little son 
died last winter. I would feel myself much gratified to re- 
ceive a line from you by the bearer to inform me of the wel- 
fare of both you and your family, for I feel the warmest respect 
for yon all. Adieu 1 from your unworthy, but affectionate 
friend and brother, 

" Samuel Coatb.*' 

37. In the above letter we have an exemplification of what 
we said on an earlier page relative to Mr. Coate's zeal and 
power as a preacher. Preaching on, though enfeebled and 
spitting blood ; and becoming the instrument of awakening 
^1/ souls at one service. These labors also are prosecuted 
under domestic bereavement and sorrow. Further, Canadian 
Methodists, but especially those of our great commercial 
emporium, should lay up in their memories^ that the first 
Montreal Ohapel, for which Mr. Coate took up subscriptions 
in England, when he formed the acquaintance of Mr. Benson 
and other worthies, was completed in 1809, and that it was 
an elegant one. The truo oneness of the original Methodist 




bodies in Europe and Atnerica had not jet been disturbed in 
the least; and though the Methodists of England gave freely 
to a ohapel in Canada, under the control of the American 
brethren, they did it with a feeling that the work was one and 
the same. That ohapel stood in St. Joseph street, a little 
south of Notre Dame. 

38. The Rev. Thomas Madden is appointed to the Ottawa 
Circuit, thtf only station in Mr. Coate*s District remaining to 
be mentioned. Mr. M. had now travelled seven years, and 
resolved to ameliorate the toils of the itinerancy with the 
presence of a wife. During the winter of 1809 10, he paid 
his friends in the Bay Country a visit, and on his way back 
married Miss Mary, eldest daughter of David Brakenridge, 
Esquire, militia officer, magistrate, and local minister, near 
Brockville, whom we have already introduced to our readers. 
He was a man of substance and standing in the community, and 
his daughter had been used to every comfort and many refine* 
ments. Where did the itinerant have to take his bride 1 
To share the hospitality of a kind and intelligent family, 'tis 
true, Mr. and Mrs. Hyatt, of East Settlement, near La Chute 
— but to a log house, in the loft of which they made their dor- 
mitory. The \5^riter lodged in that house himself in after 
years, and he can aver it was homely enough. But this pious 
young couple had grace to endure these discomforts for the 
sake of Christ and his cause, and Mrs. M. often told us that 
she was never happier in her life than during the time that 
lowly domicile was her home. 

39. Being genteel persons, and wishing perhaps to elevate 
the people's manners a little, they were regarded by some of 
the plainer sort as rather precise ; but those who knew them 
best respected them the most j this included the kind family 
with whom they lived, who ever after spoke of their guests 
with rapture. This brother Hyatt ^ as then a gifted exhorter^ 




178 CASS, AKB 

«nd ulUmAtoly beoamo a local fteaeHr [ and his wife was 
^ly a mother in Israel, They moved, in 183d» to the Saatem 
TowDshipR, leaving the neighborhood lonely after them* I 
think they have now both crossed the flood* The Ottawa 
CSrcuit had a small increase this year. 

40. The only new laborer in the Upper Canada District 
was Joseph Lockwood, who, if we remember correctly what 
he told us, had travelled two years in the States—one under 
the Presiding Elder on Long Island, and the other under the 
Conference on the important Middletown and Hartford Cir- 
cuits, with such celebrities as James M. Smith, Phineas Rice, 
and Beuben Hubbard. Ho was more than ordinarily well- 
educated, for that day, and a good argumentative preacher. 
He married one of the Palatine stock, a Miss Detlor, a most 
estimable lady, and remains in the country to this day. His 
first Circuit was Bay Quiiite, on which the family of his fixture 
wife resided. But more of him anr»n. • 

41, We must hurry through the Circuits proper of this Dia- 
trict Cornwall is favored with the demonstrative Pattie, and 
has a small increase. Wm. Snow is " journeying to the 
South country," having crossed the St. Lawrence River to the 
Circuit of that name. He has a fair increase. Ninian 
Holmes is on the Augusta, where he is to be admired and 
spoken of for many years after. Their numbers are statiqnary. . 
He bad been at the previous Conference in New York city, 
where he scattered some of the '* Canadian fire/' as it was 
called, among the genteel Methodists there : so said Father 
Bmory, an old leader of that day. Chandly Lambert must 
have e?.ereised his tendency to discipline rather rigorously, for 
he returned less members than were returned to him. Modest 
Cephas Hulburt, on Smith's Creek, gains a quarter of a hun- 
dred more than were left him by the bustling Pattie* 




42. Jobn Reynolds has the Yonge Street Cinmit as his first 
charge^ He labors indefatigably, visiting firom hoBse to hooat 
even among the Quakers, who will allow him to pray, bat wiH 
not kneel with him ; and a little diild who knelt^ (it was pf»> 
dieted by an old Quaker preacher) was to become a Metho- 
dist I While here, on one occasion, he had a sharp trial, and 
a {deasant surprise. His Quarterly Meeting wa^ appcunte^ 
bat the expected Presiding Elder did not come on Saturday j 
and he had to preach himself and preside in the ** Quarterly 
Goi^erence" as best he could. In the evening of that djEiy 
he hdd the accustomed prayer-meeting, but no Presiding 
Elder. He hoped he would come on to the inv^^riable Sunday- 
morning Love-feast ; but no, he had to hold it by hipseif. 
While the people were speaking he cast many a wishful eye to 
the door, but in vain. At length the hour of preaching was 
so near he must look up a text, whether he can frame a sermofi 
or not ; but the Methodist preachers of that day, as be us^ 
to express it, were *^ minute men." While bis eyes are occu- 
pied with the sacred page there is time for a stranc^er to enter 
unobserved. And just as his own eyes rest on the words 
" God who comforteth those that are cast down, com&rted us 
by the coming of Titus,** a stranger arose, not the Eev. Mr. 
Sawyer, but a younger and a bluff-looking man, who uttered 
the word ** Love,^' ia a full, clear, ringing voice* It is a 
voice unknown to Mr. Reynolds, but familiar to the people, 
and it sends a thrill of joy among them, while words of a 
similar character follow thick and fast from his lips. It is 
no other than the fervent Robert Perry, who had labored on the 
Circuit with great acceptability the year before, and whom the 
Presiding Elder has sent to suppfy his place for that time 
among his old friends. A sermon from Perry ensued and a 
lively time. It was needless to say, the anxious young pastor 
was greatly relieved and delighted. The above two incidente 



180 CASE, AMD 

veie related to the author by Mr. R.^ and, to give a ghtnpsd 
of the thaoBf I hare related them. Yoiing Keynolds had abont 
fifty increase in this Oircnit by the end of the year^ a large 
number conbldering the scattered population. 

43. We have found no data whatever to illustrate the state 
of the work, or the doibgs of the laborers on (1) the Niagara 
Circuit, which enjoys the ministrations of the two strong 
men, Ryan and Perry ; or (2) Ancaster, where Prindle suc- 
ceeded Cajse, except that he made the acquaintance of his 
future wife, who, if we mistake not, was brought up within 
its boundaries ; or (3) the Long Point is still supplied by the 
stable Whitehead. There was no numerical progress on the 
older Circuits, as a whole, during this year. But our princi- 
pal subject, Mr. Case, who was appointed to the newly pro- 
jected Mission of Detroit, which we have seen was intended to 
re-occupy the ground in Canada along the Thames and Lake 
Erie, once broken up by Nathan Bangs. 

44. The subjoined letter, which will speak for itself, was 
written by Mr. Case, after the toils of this year (1809-10) 
were over, at his paternal home, four days before the New 
iTork Conference opened, which sat that year in Pittsfield, 
Massachtu^tts, and is the most complete account of our hero's 
labors during the year of which we are writing that can be 
furnished. It does not appear that he went to the previous 
Conference, at the beginning of the year ; indeed, it is likely 
he did not ; he had received full ministerial orders in 1808, 
and as he speaks In the letter of beginning his journey from 

46. The letter referred to is addressed to Bishop Asbury, 
and is as follows:—'* Chatham, N.Y., May 16, ISlO. Rev, 
and Dear Sir, — ^As I may not have an opportunity, (through 
want of time, and the multiplicity of your business) personally 




to converse with joa, and as I am in duty bound to give yon 
information of the progress of the Gospel by my ministry, I 
here send you an acoount of my mission to the Detroit countr}-, 
the year past. 

46. "According to your appointment, I set out from An- 
caster to Detroit, the 22nd of June, but not without many 
fears, and a heavy burden of souls ; for I greatly feared I had 
neither gifts nor graces for so important a charge, so that I 
waded through deep waters, as well as deep mire, the most of 
my journey, till I came to the English settlement on the River 
Thames, more than two hundred miles from Niagara, and 
near one hundred yet from Detroit, and proceeded to preach in 
different places as I passed along. 

47. ** Many were my fears, and great was my distress, not 
knowing what would be the event of my mission 5 for jihough 
I dreaded most of all the frowns of God, yet I somewhat feared 
the displeasure of my brethren, who, perhaps think of an un- 
successful Missionary too much as men are wont to think of a 
defeated general— he returns in disgrace. 

48. *' But the Lord greatly blessed my soul, and showed me 
in a dream, by an orchard in the bloom, that he would bless 
bis Oosoel. and that this ' wilderness should blossom as the 
rose.' From this I took courage. Many of the people re- 
ceived me very kindly, and after spending here a week on the 
river, and seeing some stout-hearted sinners weep under the 
word, I proceeded on through the French settlements, to 
Maiden, where I again preached to a large and listening con- 
gregation. From thence to what is called the New Settlement, 
fifty miles below Detroit', on the north shore, and near the head 
of Lake Erie. 

49. ** This settlement is composed principally of people 
from the States, who, during the two last lievolutionary and 



182 0A8C, AUD 

Indian wars, irere employed with or taken by the Indians ; 
and some of them are strangely cut aird scarred with toma* 
hawks and knives. 

50. '< This couDtry, perhaps, is the most wicked and dissi- 
pated of any part of America. They have no preaching save 
the Roman Catholics, and some of the Church of England, whose 
priests, I understand, have frequently, after service, joined 
their congregations at dancing and playing at cards, which 
renders them very popular, especially in the higher circle. 
Their amusements are horse-racing, dancing, gambling, which, 
together with the destructive practice of excessive drinking, 
have prevented the prosperity of this country. The holy 
Sabbath has no preference over any other day, except that 
they make choice of it as a day of wicked amusements, visiting 
in parses, often dancing, hunting, fishing, ko. For drunken- 
ness and fornication I suppose no place is more noted ; and 
that with the savages, which are very eommon on the Indian 
lines, have made a strange and motley mixture here among 
their ofispring. Many of the people know little of the Bible, 
having never learned to read. And some of these vfho can 
read have had no Bible in their families ; nor did they think 
they needed any, for some have openly blasphemed the name 
of the Lord Jesus, and spoke of the Virgin Mary in a manner 
too shocking to repeat 

51. '* When you consider that I came alone into this almost 
savage land, two hundred miles from my brethren, and among 
a people, not one of whom I had ever seen before, and had 
not a friend, save one, with whom I could converse freely on 
the subject of experimental religion, you may guesa what 
were my feelings. It was soon told me that there were some 
who would not hesitate in taking my life if they could do it 
without being detected. Some of the magistrates forbade the 




people to snffer meetings to be held in their houses, on pain 
of a very heavy fine ; and one rongh fellow came to our meet- 
ing with a rope, declaring he would hang me if I did not 
preach to suit him. ^ All this tended to humble me as a little 
child, and I fled with all my soul to my Heavenly Father for 
protection, and for His blessing on His word. You may sup- 
pose if I had any zeal for the cause of Christ at this time it 
would be roused into action. And so it was, for I felt my soul 
all in a flame, and the power of my great commission to rest 
upon me. And I loved the souls of all men, and could weep 
for them, yet, in the discharge of my duty, I neither feared 
men nor devils. I can truly say, that every opposition I met 
with, whether from Satan or from men, tended only to inflame 
my zeal for the glory of Ood and the salvation of souls ; and I 
could freely h^ve gone to prison for the name of the Lord 
Jesus. And as the most alarming subjects were impressed 
upon my own mind, I endeavored to impress there on the 
minds of my hearers, with all my might, in the name and 
authority of Jesus Christ; not only ezhorting them, but even 
commanding, in His great name, to awake, to repent, and 
turn to God. 

52. ** I would not be under&tood that all the people were of 
the above description, for there was here and there a sound 
mind, especially in the lower settlement, who received me 
with a truly christian affection. They had been 'waiting 
for the consolation of Israel* for many years ; they began to 
awake and trim their lamps, when, five years ago. Brother 
Bangs sounded an alarm among them j and would no doubt 
have been shining lights had the mission been continued ; but 
being left without help, they were soon discouraged, and have 
since stood rather as * dark lanthorns' than as * shining 
lights.' The first sermon I preached in this place was attended 
with almost a general weeping ; the second produced among 



184 OAS£> AND 

Bome of the wil lest of them a visible alteration. They oegan 
to hang around, as if loath to leave the place ; and, accounting 
me no longer their enemy, appeared to wish for an opportunity 
to speak with me, which I embraced, and spoke to them one 
by one. After meeting, they were seen at a little distance 
leaning against the fences, and silently pondering on the things 
they had heard ; while flowing tears discovered the disquietude 
of theii souls, and they bore in their countenances apprehen- 
sions of their danger of eternal death. 

63. ** While they mourned, I rejoiced, and pursued them by 
exhortation and prayer with redoubled zeal and courage ; and 
the Lord Jesus, in his mighty Spirit's power, was present at 
every meeting, so that a general inquiry, * What shall I do to 
be saved' ?' was heard almost through the settlement for about 
fliteen miles. * Glory to Gbd in the highest I' 

64. •' I had now formed my plan of attending this settlement 
and that on the River Thames, once in two weeks ; but because 
the work appeared the most general and powerful in the New 
Settlement, I gave them the more of my time and labor ; and 
as the concern increased, I went to their own houses, and in 
their fields conversed and prayed with them. I appointed 
also prayer meetings and preaching frequently. And now, 
houses formerly devoted to carnal sports, became places for 
the worship of Grod in prayer and praise. 

55. " Dear Sir, you would have been truly delighted to see 
this people, without being previously instructed, or having 
ever been in any revival, fall into the very same spirit and 
manner of the revivals in the States and elsewhere, crying 
amain for mercy, even as they went along their road home ; 
while some did the same in the barns, and others in the woods, 
till the groves rang again with the cries of penitents, and soon 
with the joyful notes of glory and praise to Jesus Christ ' for 
his redeeming; love. 




56. ^ Aa soon as the revival began, I thonght it best to 
form them into societies, and that the people might be in- 
structed in every part of our economy, I publicly read and 
explained to them our form of discipline. And as we have 
suffered in many places by being too remiss in our attention 
to the rules respecting Class-meetings and Love-feasts, and 
as some have been offended when they have been debarred 
these privileges, I informed them in particular what privileges 
they were to expect as a congregation. Then, what particu- 
larly belonged to the society, which the others must not expect 
to enjoy. I then joined thirteen into society, which, in about 
nine weeks, increased to more than thirty, about half of whom 
professed to have found the Gk)d of pardoning love. By this 
time, by reason of the almost universal attention of the 
people to meetings, and the visible alteration of some of the 
most profligate characters in the country, our public enemies 
ceased their opposition. 

57. ** I had thought to have visited Detroit immediately on 
my first coming into the country ; but, by reason of the revival, 
my whole attention was necessary ou the Canada shore, so 
that I did not visit that town till, I think, about the last of 

58. '* Our Lord has instructed us, that into whatsoever place 
we enter, we are to inquire who in it are worthy ; but as I 
could not understand that there were any serious persons in 
the town, and as I knew of none more worthy than the rulers 
ought to be, I immediately went to the governor, and having 
introduced myself to him as a minister of the Gospel, I 
requested the privilege of the Council House to hold meetings 
in. He appeared very friendly, and used me as a Christian 
minister, and ordered the Council House to be prepared for 
meeting, where I preached to crowded and listening congrega- 



196 GASIE^ Avp 

tioos duriug the tin^ I sUid in thaji; country. Aa yet there 
i3 no society foriAe4 ia this territjOiPy, (Michigan* ©eAroit beina^ 
the principal town) though soo^ tew were brou:^ under 
awcikjening, and three or £bar had found p^^aoe in beHanngv 
2Mid expect to join in ftoeiety wheq a mloifttp^ shall agaiii he 
f^nt ainong them. 

69U ^^ In tjbe siettlement on the IUvcp Thaines a gradual 
I^vIvaI ha3 been kindled, though the si^jectd of it are scattered 
Uifoughout the whole extent of thirty miles. We have a 
Qpoietty there oS about ten, most of whom ha^e found peace hi 
tj^ lijord ; wA there ara many more throughout the settle- 
ment who are und^r deep oaoviotions. We have also a small 
lK)ciety in the villf^ of M^deai and two societies in the Neip 
Settlement, (ip the front of Qolcheater and Gosfiel^d, most 
lively) '^ 'In all $ieveintyHeight members^ (three of whooi 
were BpmaQ O^tthp^ca) a,nd about forty praying failles. 
Whereas, when I came into the country, there was here and 
there one who oace hacjL some religion, but not one praying 
fkmily that I knew of, in all that part. Among the youQg 
converts, I think there are some who are as dear in theii: 
experience, and a? deep ia real, meek, siQ^ humble purit^r, for 
the time, as any I have seen in any place where I have ^ver 

60. "When I came away, the work was still spreading. 
£seept in a few instances, the whole progress is gradual, and 
bat little of that wild and boisterous spirit, which is sometimes 
seen in real revivals of true religion. There are some instances 
of persons falling down," (then a very common occurrence in 
other places) '' but these are few. Some of these people had 
never heard a sermon before ; and one young wom^n, on 
hearing the name of the Lord Jesus proclaimed, b^]ieved with 
all her heart the first sermon, and now gives glory to Ood foi 
lus great salvation. 




61. " The plan of the Circuit on the Canada shore will be 
pursued in an irregular route of two hundred and forty miles, 
and twelve regular appointments, which may be performed in 
two weeks. I think another preacher will be necossarj on ' 
the Detroit side, who may also give some assistance to the 
preacher on the Canada part ; and two active young men will 
no doubt receive their yearly allowance &om the people, who, 
in general, are very liberal. 

62. *«My expense in the Mission was about thirty dollars, 
which I have received, together with my salary, (eighty 
dollars,) for the year; besides this, I left ten dollars on 
the Circuit for another preacher; and have brought some 
assistance also to the General Conference. 

63. '* Dear Sir, I must humbly and earnestly request that 
ministers may be sent into that new work, who may be de- 
pended on for stability and faithfulness. There will be 
opposition, no doubt ; you know the anti Christian spirit 
of the Roman Catholics, who, in dark design, will seek to 
destroy this little plant, which, as yet, is but young and tender. 
It will be necessary, therefore, for preachers, in that part 
especially, to be active, prudent, and zealouSf lest the flower 
in their hands should wither and die. 

64. *' I know, to engage in such a mission must be a sacri- 
fice for any man ; but what good, what honor, yea, what grace 
have we ever attained to, for which we have not made some 
sacrifices ? I know, also, that God wiU more than repay us 
for all that we can suffer in his cause. I never felt as I did 
last year, when I left all behind, and was a stranger in a 
savage land. My life was many times exposed to, and sur- 
rounded with enemies, and worn down with toil. But, glory 
to God, I never felt such support before, either in body or in 
soul 1 Often I could have given up my life for Jesus' ssjce an^ 



188 CASE, AND ' 

the salvation of precioas souls. Sometimes, when I have rode 
twenty miles, and preached twice or three times, I have felt 
but little wearied ; and often was so happy in my Saviour's 
love, that I wanted neither to eat nor sleep. At other seasons, 
when far from any inhabitants, while reflecting on my condition, 
my soul has been so happy in prospect of future glory, when 
I should meet those new-born souls, togather with all my 
faithful brethren, that I could not hold my peace, but glorified 
God aloud that I was counted worthy to suffer, and to do 
something in the cause of my Heavenly Master. 

65. *' I have thought it might be proper to send young 

brother H ^" (Was it N. Holmes who was appointed the 

next year ? Most likely.) " and if it be judged proper, I am 
willing to go another year. But this I leave to the wisdom 
the Lord shall give to direct you in this and in all other 
matters for the good of his Church. In the meantime j 
farewell. I remain your affectionate and obedient son in the 
Gospel of Christ. 

"William Case." 

66. The revival described in the above letter was a real 
and permanent work of Gh)d. The subjects remained the 
steadfast friends of Methodism, in its central organization 
generally, to their dying day. In the winter of 1848-9, the 
writer took a tour through those parts, and formed the 
acquaintance of several gray-haired office-bearers in the Church, 
who claimed to be Mr. Case's spiritual children. Two of 
these, Messrs. Joseph Wigle and Joseph Malott -the one, we 
should think, of^German origin, and the other of French — have 
gone to their reward recently ; and as they now belong to 
history we subjoin their brief but elegant obituaries from the 
pen of the Rev. Mr. Cleworth : — " Died, in the Gosfield Circuit 
Joseph Wigle, an old veteran of the cross, who passed to his 




rewara on the 23rd of July, 1864. Soon after I came to the 
Circuit I was informed of his sickness, and visited him. He 
was very ill, but cheerful and happy. There was a frankness 
and heartiness about him that challenged attention and com- 
manded esteem. His complaint — congestion of the lungs — 
restrained his conversational powers. He was one of the 
early trophies of grace gathered in by the pioneers of Method- 
ism along the shores of Lake Erie. He believed and held 
fast his hope to the end. For nearly fifty years he had been 
telling to others the story of the cross. He had traversed the 
wilderness day and night, enduring much to preach Christ, 
and enduring joyfully. Now the end was approaching. The 
religion he loved to preach sustained him gloriously in death. 
Not long before he died, he said to me, ' If I have any desire 
to remain here, it is only that I may preach Christ more 
faithfully than ever.* Thus he died, glorying in the cross, 
in the 73rd year of his age. 

67. " Joseph Malott, another spiritual veteran, who, in 
in concert with Brother Joseph Wigle, opened several new 
appointments of our Church, in her early career, through the 
Township of Essex. Bro. Malott was a good man, fearing 
God above many, and doing his will with a ready mind. He 
was a punctual, constant, and catholic member of the 
Church. He was converted at the age of seventeen, and per- 
severed to old age in the life of faith. The psalm of his days 
vras, * how I love thy law ; it is my meditation all the day.* 
This was evident in his expositions of the Word, which were 
lucid, pointed, and practical. God made him a blessing to 
many by making him the friend of all. He was eminent in 
liberality, tender in affection, and cheerful in disposition. His 
conversation was instructive and pleasing. He lost no oppor- 
tunities of doing good. His hands were hard with honest 
toil, but his heart was tender with the sympathies of Christ, 



190 OASE, AND 

For many years ati affection of the lachrymal gland gave 
him much annoyance. It resulted latterly in a cancerous 
sore, working in the eye and nostril towards the brain. His 
Bufferings were in tense, but the Lord was with him. The 
power of his Saviour rested upon him» and death was shorn 
of his terrors. Yet the closing scene was not devoid of con- 
flict. He mourned betimes that he had not such lively sense 
of the Divine presence. This was the trial of his faith. StHl 
trusting, it was made perfect. The shadows fled, the sun 
came cut, and bright buds of promise shed their beauty over 
the spring-tide of the soul. As he neared the close, he said 
to me, ' What a marvel I Did you ever know the like f 
There is a passage fbr me through the gates of death, and a 
passage for me through the gates of heaven.' After singing 
the dozology, at bis request, he raised his hands in rapture, 
and said, 'That connects the Church on earth with the 
Church in heaven. Oh for all the power of love divine \ 
God is good 1 I love Him ! I have not served him for naught. 
Tell my brethren to be faithful unto death.' On the 20th of 
January his warfkre was accomplished. The cross was ex- 
changed for the crown. His age was 75 years/' These 
brethren, as the reader will have perceived, were Local 

68. Mr. Case, by the results of his mission to the Thames 
country, proved himself the right man in the right place, justi- 
fying the Bishop's judgment in the choice he made of a pioneer, 
and the safety of hisoft-repated maxim, to •' confide in young 
men," as having their character to establish, and as therefore 
being the more circumspect and cautious as well as zealous 
and active. Let our present young preachers only think of 
a minister travelling on horseback two hundred miles to reach 
the nearest part of his field of labor, under a broiling sum- 
mer's sun, in that flat muddy region, in the then state of the 




roadff, 6r rather in the then ahiiost total destitution of roadd 
in the country, which characterized the very year when the 
county between tlie hcfad of the Bay of Qliinie and York 
w'as faTcfred for the first time with a regular road, by the ful- 
fiUtnent of Mir. Danfbrth*B contract, who thus gave name to the 
thoroughfare he opened! Think of his going where there 
Were no societies, with no ^ Missionary Appropiiation," and 
of his raising his support, small though it was, taking a sum 
to the Conference in the shape of " the fifth collection,'' which 
was i^pplied to superannuated and destitute brethren ; of his 
thoughtfully l(^aviDg ten dollars to meet the wants of his newly 
arrived successor ; and of his leaving a society of seventy- 
eight members as the fruits of the first short year's labors in 
a new place ! The example is inspiring. No wonder the 
discerning A.sbury was about to entrust him with a still more 
responsible post We shall hereafter find that Peter Coven- 
hoven, then an exhorter, assisted Case in promoting the 
above revival- 

69. We have only the two isolated Circuits of the eastern 
townships of Lower Canada to consider, in order to complete 
this, the year and the period of which we are writing. These 
are Dunham and Stanstead. which severalk have Lansford 
Whiting and Squire Streeter for their preachers. Who were 
they, and what did they efiect on their respective Circuits ? 
This is a hard question to answer, at this distant time, with 
the data at our command. Neither of them were in full 
ministerial orders ; but they were both successful in augment- 
ing the membership each in his own Circuit. Dunham, 
under Whiting, went up from two hundred and sixty two, to 
three hundred and nineteen, an increase of fifty-seven ; and 
Stanstead, under Streeter, from one hundred and five, to one 
hundred and twenty-nine, an increase of fourteen. But our 




researches, in striving to make out whence the brethren oame» 
what were their character as preachers, or what became of 
them, after leaving Canada, have been so unsatisfactory that 
we gave it up without furnishing wliat little detail we might 
have given. We have since found they were medium 

70. The net gain for the year, exclusive of Dunham and 
Stanstead, was two hundred and fifty-five, and the total mem- 
bership on Canadian soil, or excluding the St. Lawrence and 
taking in Dunham and Stanstead, was three thousand one 
hundred and seventy-seven. Thus do wc wind up the period 
of Case's second sojourn in Canada 





1. I'his Book comprises a period of five years. It begina 
with a new distribution of thb work for Canada. The pre- 
vious year the two Canada Districts stood in connection with 
the New York Conference ; this year only the Lower Canada 
District remained in immediate relationship to that body. 
This year a new Annual Conference is organized, with which 
the Upper Canada District is henceforth to stand associated 
till there is an Annual Conference created, bearing the name 
of Canada. The new Conference was called Genesee. 

2. We give the reasons for its organization, and the manner 
in which it was effected, from the pen of the Rev. Dr. G. Peck, 
long a member of that body : — " This year,'* (1810) says he, 
*' is distinguished by the organization of the Genesee Confer- 
ence. Bishop Asbury had for some time regarded the western 
part of the State of New York as a promising field for Metho- 
dism, and the centre of a prospective Conference. From 
1796 to 1812, the Bishops had 'authority to appoint otber 
Yearly Conferences, if a sufficient number of new Circuits be 
anywhere found for that purpose.' It was in the exercise of 
this discretion that Bishops Asbury and MoEendree had 
appointed the Genesee Conference. The work had so ex- 
tended in the northern part of Pennsylvania, the western part 
of New York, and in the two provinces of Canada, that a new 
Conference, which would make the eighth, was now loudly 




194 CASE, AVD 

called for. Tlic pTeacliers were obliged to go from tlie sTiores 
of LakoErie, and from Canada to Philadelphia, on horseback 
to Conference. TIus Conference holding i4s sessions in March 
or April, the roads were of coarse nearly impassable, and the 
preachers necessarily kept from their Circnits foi a long time. 
These circmnstancea made it necessary that some relief should 
be songht, and the means of relief were wisely judged of by 
the Bishops. 

; 3. ** The njeagnre, howeyer, was severely criticised. It was 
censured as harslji and tyrannical ; it being assumed that a 
handful of men were separated from the cities* and almost from 
^he blessings of civilized society, and that they were lefl to 
fiuffer and to starve without the means of relief. The objec- 
tors had very inadequate ideas of the resources of the country 
covered by the new Conference, and the rapidity with which 
an intelligent population was crowding in from almost all parts 
of the world. Our pioneer Bishop, however, understood the 
question well, much better tb^ those who considered them* 
selves competent critics of his proceedings. • 

4. '< The Conference assembled at Lyons, in an old store- 
house lately occupied as a corn-bam, belonging to Judge Borsey, 
on the 20th of July. In his journal the Bishop briefly says : 
* Wednesday, I arrived this evening at Daniel Dorsey's ; 
Friday, Conference b«^an to-day ; Sabbath, 22nd, preached at 
the encampment ; Wednesday, Conference ended ; great order 
and dispatch in business ; stationed sixty-three preachers.' " 

5. A Bishop and Ecclesiastics who did not scorn to meet in 
a corn barn, and who carried on a Camp meeting coincidently 
with the dispatch ** of business,** were surely the men to evan- 
gelize a new country. How we should like to give a portraiture 
of each of the men in that primitive assembly I As it is, wo 




have the clvaraoteristio features in a few bold strokes of several 
of those who were there, or who a few years after were mem- 
bers of that bod?, from the •* Poet's Prose " of the Rev. 
Charles Giles, who was one of that band of heroic men, which 
we here reproduce. ^ James Kelsey was one among the number, 
a zealous, warm-hearted pioneer, who has since been called 
away to the pilgrim's regt in Abraham's bosom. Abner Case 
was another ; a socifil friend indeed, renowned for goodness, 
who talked truth into the hearts of the people so pathetically 
that they could not refrain from weeping. Zenas Jones and 
Ira Fairbank, courageous as lions, persevering and laborious 
as bees. Chandley Lambert was there, a soldier of the cross, 
famous for order and methodistical things, who was so strict, 
and stood so straightly while administering discipline, that 
the enemies of strictness said, tauntingly, he leaned over back- 
ward. Seth Mattison, a shining star in the constellation, with 
his sympathizing spirit and poetic imagination, ready to pour 
consolation into the heart. Goodwin Stoddan was also among 
them, a staunch advocate for truth, fearless as David, who 
drove on like Jehu. !N^athan B. Dodson was a brother indeed, 
diligent and watchful, who fed the sheep in the wilderness. 
Isaac Puflfer was there also, plain in style and manner, moving 
like a telegraph, with in;ach of the Bible in memory, which 
flowed with chapter and verse from his tongue like electricity, 
producing shocks and commotions among the conflicting 
creeds. And there was George Garry, also a faithful friend, 
cautious and deliberate, with a head full of thoughts and a 
tongue to tell them." These men had received by the force of 
circumstances, not only the very best qualification for their 
particular work, but really a very large amount of true culti- 
vation. Some of them, no doubt, would sometimes mistake 
bombast for elevation. One of the number, whom we do not 




name, who lived long enough to learn simpliciiyy once referred 
to his weakness of body in the following terms : — ** I have a 
physical evil in my organic structure ; I musty therefore, avoid 
prolixity, and study compenderosity." 

6. Everything relative to the doings of this Conference is 
interesting, therefore the following peep behind the scenes 
furnished us by the Eev. Dr. G. Peck, we are sure, will be 
perused with avidity: — ** The original journal " says Dr. P. 
is before us with the following title page : ^' Journal of the 
Genesee Conference which met in session at Captain Dor- 
sey's, at Lyon's Town, State of New York, July 20th, one 
thousand eight hundred and ten. At which Francis Asbury 
and Wm. MeKendry presided.'^ Both Bishops, it seems, were 

7. The first record is as follows : — ** Friday, 9 o'clock, a.m., 
July 20th, 1810. According to an appointment of Francis 
Asbury and Wm. MeKendry, Bishops of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church in America, the Genesee Conference, composed 
of the Susquehannah, Cayuga, Upper and Lower Canada Dis- 
tricts, met in session at Captain Dorsey's in Lyon's Town, 
State of New York. A majority of the members being present 
Wm. McK ndry took the chair and "proceeded to business." 
From this entry it appears that the members of the Lower 
Canada District were there as well as the Upper Canada 
preachers, but they were remanded to the New York Confer- 
ence with which they were to stand connected for a few years 
longer. But we allow Dr. Peck to resume. 

8. " An old rule of the discipline prohibited a travelling^ 
preacher from publishing anything without first obtaining 
leave of his Conference. Under this rule the Genesee Con- 
ference at its &rst session, provided a weis;hty committee* 




composed of nine members, five from the United States and 
four from Canada, to examine all compositions prepared by 
any of its members for publication, and that these composi- 
tions shall or shall not be published, according to the resolution 
of the committee/' 

9. " To make the church entirely safe, it was on a subse- 
quent day resolved that the committee 'shall not, without 
the concurrejice of four-fifths of its members in the States, 
and three-fourths in Canada, permit any publication to be 
made/ " This did the whole thing up strong. If scribblers 
had been as numerous in those days as they are at the 
present, the committee of censors would have been taxed 
with an onerous duty; but writers among the travelling 
preachers were then few and far between. Then Methodist 
Preachers kept themselves to preaching and prayer. These 
duties, with long- rides and a little necessary reading, used 
up their time. When we had no periodicals with which to 
communicate with the public, if the preachers had been 
dispose^ to write, a new publication of any sort, by a Method- 
ist preacher, was a strange thing. Still, the press must be guard- 
ed. The whole thing now seems little less than ludicrous ; but 
those were days of simplicity, of caution, and of timidity. This 
committee was kept up from year to year, until the rule was 
abolished in 1824', but never had anything to do. Then 
the General Conference placed this subject on its true basis 
by the following rule, — *Any travelling preacher who may 
publish any work or book of his own, shall do it at his own 
responsibility, and he shall be answerable to the Conference 
for any obnoxious matter or doctrine contained.* 

10. " The Genesee Conference was cdlled by the bishops in 
the interval of the General Conference, but the institution 



193 0A8B, AND 

of the new ConfereDoe was not a finality. The act was 
subject to be re-considered hj the General Conference, and 
the bishops, it would seem, considered it important to fortify 
themselves against the charge of rash and arbitrary adminis- 
tration in the case, by an act of the Conference itself, which 
should set forth the grounds of the proceeding. A com- 
mittee of three was a;ipointed '' to prepare a resolution ex- 
presuve o£ the opinion of this Conference relative to its 
institution by Bishops Asbury and McKendry.'' The report 
of the committee was an argumentative document, but con- 
tains nothing more than we have already presented upon the 

11. At this Conference twelve preachers were received on 
trial, one of whom, Peter Oovenhoven, was certainly a Cana- 
dian ; acd another, Edward Cooper, a native of Ireland^ 
not long out, and as he received his first appointment to 
Canada, was most likely recommended therefrom. Ten were 
received into full connexion and ordained deacons, one of 
whom was a Canadian by birth, as also two others, who spent 
the rest of their days in the Province. These three men 
were, Daniel Freeman, Joseph Lockwood, and John Reynolds. 
Six preachers connected with the Oenesee Conference located, 
two of whom, Cephas Hulburt and Joseph Sawyer, had 
laboured in Canada. Hulbert probably settled in the States, 
and we lose sight of him. Sawyer settled in Canada, on the 
banks of the St. Lawrence, and will often come into view. 
Besides the above, the renowned Samuel Coate is returned 
among the located nf the New York Conference. He set- 
tled in business in the city of Montreal, as a merchant, 
wholesale and retail' Ho will oome up in a future 




13. Tlie appointments for Canada were as follow : 


Joseph Samson, Presiding Elder. 
Quebec, James Mitcliel. 
Three Rivers, Joseph Samson. 
Montreal, Joseph Scall 
Ottatoa, Thomas Madden. 
Se. Francis River, Robert Hibbard. 
Dunham, (Ashgrove District) Heman Garlick, Timothy 
Stansteadf (New England Conferenee) David Kilborn. 


Henry Ryan; Presiding Elder* 
Cornwall, Bila Smith. 
St. Lawrence, Edward Cooper. 
Ajugusta, Ellas Pattie. 

Bay of Quint", Thos. Whitehead, P. Covenhoven. 
Smithes Greek, John Reynolds. 
Yonge Street, Joseph Lockwood. 
Ancaster, Daniel Freeman, 
Niagara, Andrew Prindle, Joseph 6ateh«l. 
Long Point, Robert Perry. 
Detroit, Ninian Holmes. 

13. Beside those located, we lose sight of several of the 
last yearns names, snch as (}eorge McCrackcn, William Snow, 
•Chandly Lambert, and our principal subject, Wm. Case. 
McCracken, after all possible research, we eatinot further 
trace; neither among the effective, supernumeraries, super- 
annuated, located, expelled, or dead, and speculation is vain. 
We must^ therefore, leave him till the Lord ** writeth up 
the people." As Snow and Lambert never either of them 



200 OAdS| AND 

reoeived another appointment in Canada, and as thoy will 
not again mingle with the current of our liistory, they shall 
each be followed to the close of his career. 

14. The career of Mr. Snow may be disposed of in a few 
lioes^ although we have no evidence that be is jet dead ; 
for the lost published Miuates to which we have access, 
the one for 1861, represents him a snperannnated preacher 
in connection with the Bast Genesee Confdrence. Mr. S. 
never rose higher tlian the statot of an ordinary Circuit 
Preacher; be was never a Presiding Elder, or filled any 
public office of a oliaracter to bring him much into notice* 
He pursued the noiseless tenor of his way in such rural 
circuits as Herkimer, Black Eiver, Lyons, Ontario, Bloom- 
field. Seneca, Oonesoe^ Prattsburg, for fourteen years longer, 
usually in charge, but never stopping more than one year 
at a time, althougli he received several times a second 
appointment to a fi^rmer charge, after an interval, whence 
we infer that he was very much of an itinerant, fond of 
moving, or that He had not ability to give variety for more 
than a year at a time. 

15. In 1824 he located, in which relation he continued 
till 1831. He then resumed the itinerant work, and was 
stationed at Ovid, where he remained two years, at the end 
of which period, namely, in 1833, he received a superannu- 
ated relation, in which he remained, down to our last advices. 
His retired residence placed him within the East Genesee 
Oonfcrenc?, on whose roll his name is to be looked for by 
those interested in the fate of the once Canadian pioneer. 

16. Perhaps no particular interest would be served by 
tracing Cbandley Lambert through the appointments which 
ha filled while he remained effective, but we may barely say 



HI8 00TfiMP0tlABI£S. 201 

that the; seem to have been of a higher class than those 
occupied by him whose history we have just closed. His 
career, character, and Conference relationships will be learned 
from the official report at his death in the Minutes of the 
Black River Conference for 1845, which we here present. 

17, "Chandlby Lambbrt, was born in Alford, Mass., 
March 27, 1781, of Methodist parents. Though he possessed 
not the advantages of a thorough classical training, yet his 
education was sufficiently literary to give his mind a studious 
cast, and sufficiently moral to sanctify his thirst for know- 
ledge. From early youth to manhood, previous to his con- 
version, he delighted much in reading the Bible, and 
frequently attended to secret prayer. While engaged in 
school teaching, in Lansingburg, in 1804, through the in- 
strumentality of Bev. Laban Clark and Bev. Martin Buter, 
ho was induced to seek religion with all his heart, which 
resulted in the undoubted conversion of his floul. In 1808 
he joined the Genesee Conference. On the division of the 
Genessee Conference, he fell into the Oneida Conference; 
and on the division of the Oneida, he fell into the Black 
Biver Conference, where he remained till his death. His 
slender constitution was but ill adapted to the exposures and 
fatigues of a Methodist Preacher, at a period when the 
pecuniary and numerical strength of our church were alike 
feeble, the country new. Circuits large, and conveniences rare ; 
still he labored with efficiency for some twenty years, when 
his name was returned on the superannuated list, where it 
has since remained. Our excellent brother was not free from 
trials in the latter part of his life. He was not rich in iMs 
world's goods ; consequently the limited allowance of a super- 
annuated preacher being so inadequate to meet the wants of 



202 CABE, AND 

(us family, it subjected him to afflictions, which tried his sotiI# 
at a period when the infirmities of life seek a release from 
the oppressive cares of life ; hat out of all the Lord delivered 
})im. Few men have evinced a stronger and more uniform 
attachment to the M. £. Church than the deceased : few have 
possessed such uniform zeal to promote holiness in the mem- 
bership. It would seem to one not acquainted with his pecu- 
liarities, that he observed the law with the scrupulousness of 
a legalist. If he did, it was not to merit salvation, but^to be 
able to walk more consistently with the gracious state into 
which he had been introduced by faith in the blood of Christ. 
His hope was abiding to the last. The fatal disease which 
released his spirit was an epidemic ; but three short days of 
sickness brought the weary wheels of life to a solemn pause. 
When asked if all was well, he calmly replied, *I know 
nothing to the contrary.' Again, touching his realization of 
the divine presence, he was asked, ' Is that Jesus whom you 
have preached to others now your comfort in this last conflict ?' 
To which he replied, ^ It is the same Jesus whom I have 
preached to others.' Soon after, the flickering lamp of life 
was extinguished. He died March 16, 1845, aged 64." 
It is pitiful to contemplate a faithful laborer, in age and 
feebleness, agonized by the pressure of want and embarrass- 
ment, a spectacle unhappily not confined to that day. " Great 
is their reward in heaven." 

18. But what of our beloved Case ? He has neither died 
nor deserted his colors, nor is he degraded or disgraced, but 
promoted, not to a better salary, for that in his new situation 
is sure to be more or less deficient, but to greater toils and re- 
sponsibilities. Asbury is a discerning man, he can see at a 
glance who are prudent and yet pushing, and who possess ad- 
ministrative talent, the ability to manage men. But there is 




snotner requirement, his Presiding Elders, as the District 
pioneers must, if possible, be unencumbered with the cares of a 
family; therefore, where batchelors have the other needed 
qualifications, they are preferred. Who shall be the Presiding 
Elders of the new bush Conference ? Case is thought worthy 
to be one of the three. His five years in the itinerancy have 
purchased for him a good d^ee, and although a young man^ 
of thirty, he is put in charge of the Cayuga District, which 
eovers the whole of New York, from Black River and Cayuga 
Circuits, which extended from its eastern boundary to the state, 
line on the west, comprising the oversight of such celebrities as 
Ebeneser White, Chas. Giles, Seth Mattison, Jonathan Huestis* 
Joseph Willis, Gideon Knowlton, Asa Cummings, James Kel- 
sey, Elijah Batchelor, and last, but not least, Anning Owen, 
the apostle of Wyoming. Besides these and several others, he 
had also in his district no less than three of his late Canadian 
compeers, namely, Bishop, Snow, and Lambert. We are unable 
to give many incidents of his labors on this district for the year 
In question, only we observe that God blessed the united 
efforts of the Presiding Elder and his Preachers to the ingath- 
ering of five hundred and eighty-nine souls^ net increase. 

19. We must now give our special attention to the field 
vacated by Mr. Case, Upper and Lower Canada. We com- 
mence with the latter. Let us first follow its late Presiding El- 
der, the Rev. Samuel Coate, into retirement. We have seen him 
settled in a partnership business in the city of Montreal. The 
following letter from him to the Rev. Joseph Benson, London, 
will account for his withdrawing from the active work, and 
reveal his yearnings still toward it ; while it also will give 
some insight into the state of Methodism in the city in which 
he lived. Furthermore, it is interesting as recording the happy 
deaths of two of the first Upper Canada Methodists, Mrs. Dul- 



204 CASE, AND 

aiage ^i Mr. Petef Browse, the father of the late (Jeorgo 
and Michael Browse, Esqs., of Matilda, and of the devoted 
Ifr* Wtn* Browse, who still stirviTed : — 

*' Montreal, Dec. 11th, 1810. 

20. '* BiBY. AND DliAR SiR,— I thank my graoioQs bene£BU$tor 
tfwt I am yet aliVe, and that my little family are in good healUi. 
Hy old congh has returned upon me, within the spaee of six 
Weeks past, which I had been en^rely ^e fVom till then, evor 
since my Sonthern voyage last winter. Gk)d only knows 
whether I shall ever recover from it or not, thongh I expect I 
iiever shall, tkntess I shonld take another voyage, which I do 
not feel a disposition to do at present. However, I am not 
anxious about living long ; my main desire is to live well, and 
that I may be prepared to meet my change when it comes. I 
can btit lament that in years past I have been too lukewarm 
and unprofitable. I now discover that I must be holy, and my 
determination is not to stop short of that desirable point. I 
km. infinitely obliged to my God and his Christ. So that 
if I were to withdraw from him my unreserved heart, 
I should be chargeable with the greatest ingratitude. 
Blessed be his name, that although he is high above the 
heavens and his glory extends to the utmost bounds of the 
creation, yet he is so condescending as to notice and to fix 
his love upon such a vile insect as me ; and now since the re- 
newal of n^ covenant with him, oft-times cheers up my heart, 
as with new wine* Since my entrance upon business in this 
place I have been very much torn by conflicting passions, and 
tossed upon the cruel waves of perturbation ; for when I gave 
tip the travelling connexion, and consequently ceased to devote 
myself wholly to the ministry, I was like a river when diverted 
from its proper channel, spreading over a wide space, runnin|[ 




in different coorses, and settling at length into a marsh of 
stagnant waters. My mind has been left to float from object 
to objectf to be sorely buffetted by my own imagination^ till 
at last trying to content myself in that state, and to give up 
farther thoughts of being useful to mankind, when the voice 
of Gk)d awakened me &om my dream, and showed me (more 
than ever) that this is not my resting place, and that as long 
as I am a sojourner here, I must be trying to do something 
for the salvation of others, as well as of myself* 

21. " Be assured, my dear sir, I would not have left the 
travelling connexion, if I had considered myself able to fill any 
situation that might have been given me ; and there was no 
provision made in any other way for my family. I would 
earnestly advise all Ministers of the Word, as they value their 
own happiness^ as well as the dispensation of the gospel, which 
has been committed unto them, never to lay down their spirit- 
ual weapons, to immerse themselves in secular affairs ; but live 
in wimt while they have strength to devote themselves wholly 
to the ministry, rather than live in worldly affluence, and have 
their minds continually harrassed with perplexing eares. I 
admire the beautiful order that is observed in the travelling 
connexion in England. I would fain be one among you if I 
might be received, and family circumstances would admit. 
But I intend, by the grace of God, faithfully to fulfil all the 
worldly obligations that are upon me, and 1 trust in God to 
open my way, and to make my duty plain before me. 

22. **We have occupied our chapel now for about a year 
past It is a very handsome building.*' [It was built of stone 
and stood in St Joseph Street, east of where the great French 
Church now stands.} ** Our prospect seems to be brightening in 
the society, and tlie congregations^ especially at nights, are 



206 CASE, AND 

large and attentive. In the course of the last winter, previous 
to my Soathem voyage, I had occasion to visit Upper Canada, 
and when I went to the house of my &ther-in-hiw, I found my 
dear old motiier just on the verge of another world, and in 
two or thr^ days after my arrival, she closed this mortal scene. 
I think I hardly ever witnessed a more triumphant death. 
When I came to her first she was overjoyed, not having seen 
me lor a long time before. Soon after this she called for all 
her children to oome to her bedside, and exhorted all that 
were present in the most affecting manner to prepare to meet 
her at the right hand of God. She told them that now their 
mother was sure of entering into heaven, and that, if they had 
any dseire to be with her, they must never rest till their peace 
was made with God. ** Oh ! " said she, ** how ofl»n I have 
prayed for jou, when none knew of it but God and myself. 
How often have I shed tears on jour account/' &c. 

23. ** She sent messages to all her absent children, as from 
their dying mother, admonishing them to prepare to meet 
God. Among the rest she sent a very affecting message by 
me to my companion, to stir her up to more faithfulness. 
After this she cried out, ^ Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly, 
how long do thy chariot wheels delay !' She often said when 
she was able to speak, ^ I used to think it would be a dreadful 
thing to die, but now 1 bless God that I see no terrors in 
death at all. I have no more doubt of entering into heaven 
than I have of my being.' At last^ when death was just 
hurrying her out of her decayed mansion, my father-in-law 
went down upon his kness to commend her soul into the hands 
of God. He expressed all the tenderness of a kind husband, 
and, at the same time^ all the resignation of aChristian. Thus, 
she that was a sister of the first Methodist who ever received 
meetings into his house in the city of New York, (Philip 



HIS C0T£MP0SA&I£S. 207 

Embury,) or in America, and that was one of the first and most 
faithfal of our society in Upper Canada, after a long life of 
exemplary piety.) finished her course in peace. 

24. '' I shall now communicate to you an account of the 
happy death of a worthy brother in Christ, with wbom I was 
particularly acquainted in Upper Canada, who was also one of 
the elder members of the Province. His name was Peter 
Browse. The summer before last, he went to Quebec, and by 
the great fatigues he had to undergo in rafting of timber, he 
caught a violent cold, which threw him into a quick consump- 
tion. On his way homeward he passed through Montreal, and 
appeared very far gone in his complaint. However, he reached 
his family, and lay sick for some weeks, manifesting all the 
time the greatest confidence in God, till the next Quarterly 
Meeting held in that place. As a great many used formerly 
to lodge at his house, upon such occasions, by his request, they 
had a prayer-meeting in the room where he was lying. His 
own accounts stood so well settled with his heavenly Father, 
that he left off caring so much for himself) but was now wholly 
absorbed with anxious concern for the souls of his family, par- 
ticularly his two sons who had just arrived at the age of 
manhood," (these were George and Peter,) ** and were entering 
upon the busy stage of life.'' 

25. *^ He prayed incessantly that they might be converted 
before his departure ; and he begged of the brethren to remem- 
ber them at the throne of grace, that he might have the un- 
speakable happiness of seeing their change before he went 
hence to be no more seen. In answer to his earnest prayers, 
and the vehement desires of the brethren ascending up to 
God together, these two young men were both brought under 
conviction for sin, and began to cry bitterly for mercy. At 



208 OASS» AMD 

this the heart of our good friend was very much rejoiced, as 
he coosidertd this an earnest of their conrersion. It was not 
long till one of them found peace with God> and in a little 
while afterwards the other. They then came to his hed and 
embraced their dying father, whose soul at this was raised in 
holy triumph. He had now reached that desirable point 
when the last rapturous discoveries are made to the soub of 
dying saints. Being swelled up in ecstacies, he clapped his 
hands together, and cried out, ^ Now, lettest thou thy servant 
depart in peace according to thy word, for mine eyes have seen 
thy salvation :* and thus while floods of tears were flowing 
from all around, proceeding from mingled joy and grief in the 
spectators, his happy soul fled from it's prison of corruption 
into the palace of Ood, to attend around his throne. It was 
in this worthy man's house where my companion in tribulation 
first obtained the knowledge of salvation by the remission of 
her sins. It was at his house, also, that the first great work of 
God in the Province of Canada broke out, of which there was 
a long account in the second volume of the ' Methodist Maga* 
zine ' in America. He has left such an example of piety 
behind him that will not soon be forgotten hy his acquaint* 
ances. I am your's, affectionately, S. Coate.'' 

26. If we might be permitted to diverge slightly from, and 
also to anticipate the current of history, we might say the 
sainted man, of whose demise we have just read an account 
from the pen of Mr. Coate, and who was one of the first con- 
verts, along with his brothers Joseph and Nicholas, under 
Losee ; whose house was the hallowed spot where the soul- 
converting Saturday-night Quarterly-prayer-meetings were 
wont to be held, at one of which Mrs. Coate^in girlhood, was 
convertedf had the whole of bis nine children dedicated to 




God in infancy, the register of whose births and baptisms is 
carefully preserved in the veritable Oswegotchie Baptismal 
Circuit Register, now before the writer. His widow married 
a widowed neighbor, the venerable John Van Camp, who was 
also one of the first Matilda converts. Of Peter Browse's 
children we may say that all but poor John, who was killed 
in boyhood by a tree he was chopping, became and continued 
stedfast members of their father's church. Peter, who, we 
believe, is still alive, never diverged from the path from the 
hour of his conversion. Merchandize cooled George's heart 
till the great revival in 1822, when he was restored, and be- 
came a life long steward of the Church. All the rest of Ihe 
family .but William, who was absent in Prescott, were convert- 
ed in the same revival. Michael lived and died a fervent 
Class leader. Frederick passed through the ncy waters of 
the Nation Eivor to his final rest. William, converted a little 
later, survives as a lively Local Preacher. Rfiohael became 
the pious wife of good Mr. Shaver. Betsey became the part- 
ner of a gifted Local Preacher, and is the mother of tie Rev. 
Albert Van Camp, Wesleyan Minister. Such are some of the 
fruits of consistent parental piety and fidelity. 

27. Before passing to consider any other laborer, we must 
take our final leave of the Rev. Samuel Coate, for doing which 
this is the most appropriate place. We have seen that failure 
of health unfitted him for the continuance of toils such as the 
itinerancy then involved. He entered into merchandize, 
wholesale and retail, in company with Mr. Daniel Fisher, who 
was a grandson of good Philip Embury. Mr. 0. for a short 
time held a partial relation to the public ministry. According 
to Mrs. John Hilton, an excellent authority, he lived in the 
little parsonage in the rear of the chapel, and preached oo- 



210 CASK, AND 

easionally. Hr. Scull, a nice yonng man, had chaise of the 
society, and probably lived in Mr. Coate's family. 

28. Mr. Playter, usually acoorate, makes a statement rela- 
tive to Mr. Coate, which we never heard from any of the 
fathers. It is the following : — * There was a desire to have 
Samuel Coate a Minister in the Church of England. Ilie 
offer was made and acceiSted. He became an Episoopaliaa 
minister in MontreaL How long he continued in his new 
situation does not appear; but the change was not for his 
good, nor did he long wear the cassock and the bands.'' But 
Mrs. Hilton who went to Montreal, while Mr. Coate was still 
a Methodist Preacher, and whose husband was a member of 
the society from an early day, long the senior leader in the 
Montreal Church, who passed from among us only the other 
day, says in a letter to the author, ^' Mr. Samuel Coate, I can 
positively state, never had any coimectioa with the Church of 

29. The following statements of the historian of Canadian 
Methodism are probably accurate enough : — '' He com- 
menced mercantile business in Montreal; carried it on 
without success; became involved in debt, and lost all his 
property. To free himself from his embarrassment, and to 
support his family, he resorted to his fine talent in penman- 
ship. He was an exquisite penman. He would sometime 
write the Lord's prayer in the space of an En^h sixpence, 
or on his thumb nail. He would write so extremely fine, that 
the letters could not be discerned by the naked eye ; but 
with a microscope, the writing appeared clearly defined, and of 
excellent form. He now executed his masterpiece in penman- 
ship. He took it to London. The engraving was said to have 
cost £1,600. It was paid for by selling copies at £2 each. 




And selling copies all over England was t\\G work so useful 
and talented a preacher was engaged in for probably some 
years. He was thereby led into all sorts of society ; and at 
last fell into evil company, and acquired vicious habits. He 
left his wife and daughter in Canada, and never saw them 
again. He never returned to the land in which he had spent use- 
ful and happy years, nor to the people who loved and admired 
him, and who, notwithstanding his fall, would have received 
him again, even as the Saviour received repenting Peter. The 
old Methodists clung to the hope that Samuel Coate died a 
penitent. He sent a letter to one of his friends in the Bay 
of Quinte, in which he lamented deeply his great downfall. 
He compared himself to a living flowing stream becoming a 
stagnant and corrupt pool, and bitterly condemned his life 
since he touched the shores of England. The closing yeard 
of Samuel Coate's life afford a solemn warning to all ministers 
of the Gospel, especially to those whom God has given the 
talents which raise the admiration of the multitude." 

30. Mr. Playter speaks of a copy of Mr. Coate's celebrated 
work being in the hands of the Rev. Conrad Vandusen, and 
the writer was charmed with a sight of this wonder of pen- 
manship many years ago in the family of the Rev. Thomas 
Madden. Mrs. Hilton gives the following item of informa- 
tion relative to the severe but salutary discipline with which 
God saw fit to exercise his recreant servant : <* It was said 
that too constant application to finish his work induced a 
white swelling. His limb was amputated, and he died soon 
after." The late eminently pious Rev. Dr. Harvard, for some 
years President of the Canada Conference, told us that he had 
the mournful pleasure of ministering to Coate in his last sick- 
ness in England, where he died ; and that that gifted and 
interesting man, when his heart was overwhelmed within him, 



212 CASE, AND 

fled to *' the Rock that was higher than he.'* And upon that 
Eock he found firm footing in the ** swellings of Jordan." We 
record his wanderings for our admonition, and his merciful 
restoration for our encouragement 

' Ko farther seek his merits ^o d!«c1o«e, 
Or draw his frailties from their dark abode ; 

(There they alike in trembling hope repoje,) 
On the bosom of his Father and his God," 

31. The list of stations for this year (1810-11,) brings us 
acquainted with some n^w laborers for the Province. The in- 
cumbent of Quebec, James Mitchel, is one. He had been re- 
ceived on trial in the Philadelphia Conference in 1806, and ap- 
pointed to Somersett as the assistant of the old Canadian 
pioneer, Vannest, who may have embued his mind with an in- 
terest in this country. In 1807, he travelled the Scipio Cir- 
cuity in the Genesee District. At the close of this year he was 
received into full connection, still in the Philadelphia Confer*- 
ence, and appointed to Ontario, which brought him out to our 
northern lakes. In 1809 he was in charge of Holland Pur- 
chase and Caledonia. This year he is made an elder, one year 
before the usual period, to serve the interest of his isolated 
station. He must have been a man of some calibre, as well as 
of some previous experience, or he would not have been sent 
to that ancient city. 

32. Almost the only item of information concerning his 
years' labors is an act of his administration involving the ap- 
pointment to office of *^ leader" one who became a pillar in the 
Quebec Church to the day of his death, which happened so 
lately as the year 1864. This was a gentleman already men- 
tioned in this work, namely, Mr. Peter Langlois, bora in the 
Island of Gurnsey, in 1784, first brought to hear the Metho- 
dist Preachers in 1791, and who came to Quebec in 1806, 
where he was converted through the instrumentality of Metho- 




dism. This worthy man sustained the offices of trustee and 
steward for many years, and became an effective preacher of 
the Gospel in a local sphere. A daughter of his, and also a 
grand-daughter, each share the joys and sorrows as the wife of 
an itinerant minister. 

83. St Francis is the name of a new Circuit found in this 
year's list of stations, so called from a noble river of that name 
which rises near the Province line, and flows between the town* 
ships of Stoke and Brompton, Windsor and Melbourne, Ship- 
ton and Durham, Kingsey and Wickham, Simpson and Gran- 
tJiam, Mendower and Uptown, (to say nothing of the seignories 
that border on the St. Lawrence) and falls into that main 
artery at the Lake St. Peter. The most of the townships 
named were settled by English-speaking inhabitants, many 
of them from the United States. These were favorable to Meth- 
odist ministrations. Some parts of these settlements had, no 
doubt, been supplied with the ministration of the word by the 
Stanstead preachers, or occasionally, perhaps, from Montreal. 
Now it becomes a Circuit by itself, and the new Circuit has a 
preacher new to the Province. This is Robert Hibbard. He 
has been introduced to the reader before, as the colleague of 
our principal subject, Rev. Wm. Case, in 1808, when Mr. C. 
traversed the Catskill Mountains. That region was near Mr. 
Hibbard's originaThome, and that year's labor seems to have 
been an experimental effort under the Presiding Elder* 

34. His obituary notice in the Minutes says he was born 
February 8th, 1787, in the Town of Coxlackie, in the County 
of Greene, and State of New York. When he was five years 
of a«;e his parents removed to America, in Dutchess Conntyi 
where he was made a subject of the grace of God in the fifteenth 
year of his age, and about one year after he professed to re- 
ceive the blessins: of sanctification. He then removed to Ulster 



214 OASE, AND 

County^ near the Delaware River, and when lie was ahout 
twenty-one he received license as a Local Preacher. At the 
Annual Conference held for 1809, he was admitted on trial as 
a travelling preacher, and appointed to the Orenville Gircuitf 
where he labored with considerable acceptance and success. 
At a Conference held in Pitsfield, 1810, the year of which we 
are now writing, he was elected and ordained deacon, (one 
year before his probation was ended} in consequence of his 
offering himself as a Missionary for the ProviDce of liower 
Canada, where he continued to labor for the space of two 

35. We shall get his brethren's estimate of his talents before 
we bid him a final farewell. For the present we may say, from 
what we have learned through private sources, that, like some 
other banners, he sometimes failed in his public efforts ; at 
which times, being both ambitions of excelling, and also very 
sensitive, he felt most acutely. An instance of this kind 
occurred one year after our present date, as related to the 
writer twenty-one years afterwards by some who had witnessed 
it* Samuel Luckey was then laboring on the Ottawa Circuit. 
Hibbard, who, as we shall see, was laboring a second je&r on 
the St Francis, came over to visit him. No wonder that they 
should seek to cheer their lonely toils by intercourse with 
congenial minds. Hibbard took an appointment for his 
brother Luckey. The preaching-place was Mr. Hyatt's bam, 
in East Settlement, a few miles from La Chute. Poor 
Hibbard broke down in his sermon, and Luckey, who was 
always ready, came to the rescue, and finished the service. 
Hibbard was deeply mortified, and no persuasion could induce 
him to come into the house for his supper. Luckey sympa- 
ihizingly took it to him in the barn, where he persisted in 
stopping through the night. Such was the fierce ordeal 




through which the raw recruits of that day were disciplined 
for their arduous work. But Hibbard was a hero for all that, 
9S we shall see before we leaye him finally, and he lived long 
enough, though he met an early and tragic end, to be wel- 
comed as the Ottawa people's preacher. His first year on the 
St Francis was successful, and he returned at its close fort^^ 
seven members. More of him anon. 

36, The border Circuits (Dunham and Stanstead) present 
for this year three new names, about whom, in the present 
state of our information, we can give but little account. Per- 
haps mo^p will come to hand before we entirely dismiss them. 
Heman Qarlick (a formidable name) stands first, for there 
are two preachers in the Dunham Circuit. But after all our 
searching, who he was, what his talents, whence he came, 
how long he had travelled, or what his after career, we confess 
ourselves utterly unable to tell. His colleague, Timothy 
Minor, comes often into view in after years, but for the 
present we can furnish no account of his early life and previous 
labors. (Since waiting this paragraph, we met with the wife 
of a surviving brother of the first-named preacher, Capt. 
Garlick, of Brome, C.E., from whom we expect further par- 
ticulars about his brother Heman, which we will give in an 

37« David Kilbourn, the Stanstead preacher, was re- 
ceived on trial two years previously, and by consequence sent 
here the present year an ordained deacon. We hope to give 
more full particulars of him on a future page. If by their 
fruits we are to know them, these were good and successful 
laborers ; fpr the nett increase for this year, on the two circuits 
spoken of, as shown by the returns to the next Conference, 
was seventy-Jive, 

38. As Coate had retired, Joseph Samson being recom- 
mended, solely, we opine, by his senioritv as a man, and hiE 




being a bacliclor, who for important reasons were the usual 
incnmbents of the office, \i'as made Presiding Elder of the 
Lower Canada District. Madden was certainly his senio/ 
ecclesiasticalii/, and his superior every way ; but he was pro- 
bably a jounger man, and he was now married. Besides, 
Samson spoke bpth French and English; Madden spoke 
English alone. 

39. The Upper Canada District also exhibits several new' 
names : such as Bela Smith, Edward Cooper, Peter Coven- 
hoven, Daniel Freeman, and Joseph Gatchei. Some of these 
were connected with Canada for many years ; two of them, 
at least, for life. Each of these five men may command 
a little attention. 

40. Bela Smith, the first mentioned of the five, " experi- 
enced religion when about eighteen years of age, and soon after 
united with the Methodist Episcopal Church, and continued 
faithful to his profession, and sustained at different periods 
several official relations to the Church, until, in the year 1809, 
he was admitted on trial as a travelling preacher by the New 
York Conference. At the next Annual Conference he was 
ordained deacon by Bishop Asbury, as a Missionary to 
Canada^ This was when his probation was but half tran- 
spired, a proof of their confidence in the man. His appoint- 
ment, as we have seen, was to the Cornwall Circuit. We do 
not remember to have heard much said of him in the r^on 
in which he travelled, although we were thoroughly conversant 
with the same ground in after years, and were gleaning in- 
formation concerning the early preachers at that time. We 
barely find, from the old Augusta Baptismal Eegister, that he 
consecrated to Ood in infancy, among others, Sarah, a 
daughter of Samuel and Lois Heck. Near the close of his 
term, he had the honorable but arduous dntv of goins to meet 





Bishop Asbnry and his travelling companion, the Bey. Henry 
Boehm, near Lake Ghamplain ; of piloting them through the 
Chateaugy woods; engineering their voyage across the St. 
Lawrence ; and of escorting them as fetr west as Elizabeth- 
town. Mr. Boehm's estimate of his character will be fonnd on 
a subsequent page. 

41. As Mr. Smith spent but this year in the Province, and 
did not even remain longer in connection with any part of the 
Oenesee Conference, bat returned to the New York Confer- 
ence, in which he remained till his death, although a little 
out of our usual course, we have concluded to give all the 
further information concerning him in this place, which his 
Conference obituary affords. 

42. « At the Conference of 1811, he was admitted into full 
connexion, and was appointed to Ulster Circuit/' once tra- 
velled by Mr. Case. *^ In December he was married to Miss 
Bhoda Merwin, of Durham, Conn., who continued to share 
with him the lights and shadows of his pilgrimage. In 1812, 
he was ordained Elder by Bishop McKendree, and appointed 
to Delaware Circuit ; in 1813, he labored on Newburg Cir- 
cuit; 1814 and 1815, New Windsor; 1816, Delaware ; 1817, 
Schenectady; 1818, Albany; l819,Pittsfield; 1820 and 1821, 

43. " During his last year's labors on Stratford Circuit, 
his health became so enfeebled, as the result of toil and ex- 
posure, that, at the Conference of 1822, be took a superannu- 
ated relation, and continued to the termination of his life dis- 
qualified by bodily disease and infirmity for effectual service 
in the itinerancy, and was consequently returned superannu- 
ated from year to year. 

44. '* During the fourteen years he sustained an effective 
relation to the Conference, he was a faithful and successful 




218 CASE, AND 

•Ambassador of Christ/ and many, doubtles5| entered into 
rest before him who were brought nigh unto God through his 
instrumentality ; while others remain who were * turned from 
darkness to light * by the word which he prjeached. After he. 
became superannuated he continued to iab9r in the yineyard 
of the Lord, as opportunity presented, and his strength justi- 
fied ; and in all his religious performances there were stroog 
manifestations of a ^zeal for Ood according to knowledge.' 
He highly prized and faithfully observed all the means of 
grace, private, family, social^ and public, and generally enjoyed 
a high degree of spiritual consolation. He was 'fervent in 
spirit^ serving the Lord ;' and in all the relations of life he 
was h^hly valued and universally esteemed^ 

45. ** The disease with which he was first attacked, and 
which forced him from the itinerant field, terminated in a 
cancerous affection, which continued to extend itself until it 
covered nearly one side of his face ; and being regarded in- 
curable by the most skillftil physicians, only palliatives were 
used for temporary relief, until finally the weary wheels of 
life stood stiil, and his spirit returned to Qod who gave it. 
His affliction, toward the closing scene, had to some extent 
bnpaired his mental powers, which deprived his family of the 
consolation, so generally desired by surviving relatives, of a 
dying verbal testimony with reference to his state and pros- 
pects ; but a blameless life for thirty-nine years of devo- 
tion to the cause of God^ of a fervent spirit in his religious 
duties, of a strong confidence in the Eedeemer as his Saviour, 
afford the strong assurance of his Christian character, and 
have left behind the consolation that he * died in the Lord,' 
and now • sleeps in Jesus.' 

46. " He died July 2, in Durham, Green Co., N. Y., in the 
Bixty-fourtb year of his age. H^ has left a widow, five sons, 




and two daughters,. wha are members of the M. E. Church, 
and are striving to follow him a3 he followed Christ" — anotbei 
out of the mapy, refatations of the inconsiderate and whole- 
sale slander, that ministejrs' children are nsnally irreligious. 
Some teatimoniab to Mr. Smith will fbllow hereafter, inci- 
dentally given. Two of his sons became ministers. 

47. Edward Cqop£B» the next on the list, was not only 
new to the Upper Canada District^ but new to the itinerancy ; 
for this is his firat appointment recorded in the Minntes. He 
waa received on .trial at the preceding Conference. He may 
have had, somer previous experience, but he waa scarcely accli^ 
mated in thia country, beipg a native of IreUnd, whence he 
had come but a short time before. The Rev. Henry Boehm^ 
Bishop A^bur}^'s travelling, companion, told' the writer, thai 
poor Coopier complained most. piteouslyi under the very special 
attentions the musqujtoes paid to the new comer. The 
Bishops, however^ confided in the young Irishman, and gave 
him tho charge of the St. Lawrence Circuit; and for that 
year that confidenqcseems not to have been misplaced, for he 
returned' at the end of the year a net increase of twenty mem- 
bers. He will appear in the current of our history again. 

48. Peter CoviJNHoven — ^we must speak of him under 
this, his name in the Minutes, and afterwards speak of him 
under another, an adopted name, which clung to him till his 
death, and is that by which the family is known in the Pro- 
vince till this day. Covenhoven was probably the original 
and true name, one which has a Teutonic ring in it, but 
** Conover " was the one by which he and his friends always 
went. It was probably one of those transformations which 
Qerman names have undergone by an attempt to adapt them 
to English organs of articulation, of which we might give 
many examples. The transmutation of Backstadt into BeA 



220 CASE, AND 

stead is one out of the many. The change of our hero's 
family name most likely b^an by substituting r fi)r the final 
n, (a tendency to which we have seen in the extensive habit 
of some in calling Vandusen, ** Vanduser/') and from Coven- 
hover to *' Conover/' there would be an easy transition. 

49. Having cleared up the nominal difficulty, we resume 
the history of Mr. Conover. The original Canadian residence 
of the family was the Twenty-mile Creek. They were all of 
Methodist proclivities. Peter was probably born in this 
Province. When he began to do for himself he took up a farm 
at the Flour-Mill Creek. In person he was large-boned and 
tall, but not corpulent. He was converted while yet young, 
and soon began to evince great zeal for the honor of Grod and 
the salvation of souls; and being always characterized by 
mightiness in prayer, Case, who knew him well, and esteemed 
him to the end of life, induced him to come up to his help in 
the great revival in the Thames Country, the previous year, 
of which the reader has been already informed. While there, 
he began to preach, and his ministrations were so. satisfactory 
that he was recommended and received on trial at the never-/ 
to-be forgotten Lyons Conference, despite the infirmity of 
partial deafness under which he always labored. We suspect 
he was but a small preacher even for that day^ but his piety, 
zeal, and gifts of prayer and exhortation made him useful. 
The old Bay Circuit, to which he was appointed, went up in 
numbers from 622 to 655 during that Conference year. Here 
we leave him for the present, under the superin tendency of the 
amiable and sagacious Whitehead, whose company and conver- 
sation will be improving to teachable Peter. " 

60. Daniel Freeman is the ninth in the list of new 
liamcs which the Stations of 1810 present — the fourth of those 
in Upper Canada. He located in a short time, hence, though 




now deceased, we cannot turn to the Minutes for any memorial 
of him. We therefore avail ourselves of such items of his 
history as lay scattered about. Fortunately, that walking 
cyclopedia of Canadian Methodist history, (who also knew 
Freeman personally,) the venerable Robert Corson, has com- 
municated with the writer and says : — " Daniel Freeman was 
a native of New Jersey. It is said he entered the work only 
nineteen years of age. He had a good voice, and was uncom- 
monly useful." The Bev. Dr. Ryerson, who had enjoyed the 
benefit of his ministrations in boyhood, when Editor of the 
Christian Guardiant in connection with the notice of Mr. 
Freeman's death, says of him : — " He was a man of sound 
understanding. During the days of bis itinerancy, he iras a 
commanding, powerful, successful, and popular preacher; and 
even ' in age and feebleness extreme,' he was always heard with 
attention and profit'' Mr. Ryerson speaks of the '< com- 
manding '^ character of his ministry ; this was owing in part, 
no doubt» to his tall, commanding, personal appearance, which 
we remember to have impressed us in a visit of his to the 
York Society (Toronto) in advanced year. During that visiti 
in a meeting for experience, he mentioned what to him was a 
pleasing fact, that he remembered the time and place of his 
conversion ; and a curious coincidence, that on going baok» 
after the lapse of some years, to visit the spot where he had 
agonized with God for salvation, and where the Father of 
Mercies had spoken peace to his soul, he found it occupied 
by " a living well," a beautiful memorial of the enduring 
fountain of bliss which had <* sprung up " within his soul. 

51. He was received on trial in the Philadelphia Conference, 

in 1808, and had been entrusted with two charges before 

. his coming to Canada, the first of which was Asbury. On one 

of these Circuits a very marked revival took place in a certain 



S22 CASE, AN1> 

Godalilj, utider ihe following oirotimstanties: — Ayddfigman 
wbose name was Mvr, who had known Freeman in boyhood 
in their natal New Jersey, had taken offence l&t hid father 
for receiving the Methodist preachers into his honse, and left« 
home and went to an nncle's» who lived a hundred miles away. 
Bat when he arrived there he fonnd his uncle also had received 
the ubiqaitons Methodist preachers, and that his quandom 
playmate, Daniel Freeman, was one of them. A ceiftain 
ball was to take place among the young people, and Marr was 
pledged to aittend it Just before it took place, he went to 
hear his old friend Freeman, and was somewhat impressed. 
After the sevmon the young preacher conversed with him about 
his soul's interests, and extorted a promise from him to go 
widi him 'to bis %ext appointment in another neighbourhood, 
and on the night of the assembly too. He called xm tbe 
mraag^rs to ezense himself, imd to say that he was going 
away to sneetiiig. Thejr, ^erj unexpectedly to him, desired 
him toeall on the tnnsiciati on the road, and say that his 
5er?ioes woitld not be required, as they hlid agreed to 
give v!p the projected folly. They, as wefl as he, had been 
impressed with the force of Divine truth . Beligious meetings 
took the [lilace of dancing and hilarity> and a gracious in^ 
gathering of souls to Ood was the result. The tekttion of 
this oiroumstamOe, at a Cunp-meeting held on the mountain 
near the Fifty, in 1818, by Mr. Marr himself, who had become 
a Local Freacheiv and who then resided on the other iside of 
the Niagara River, tuade a very deep impression 6n the minds 
of the assonbled people, who previously had seemed inatten- 
tive. When referred to, Mr. Freeman coofirmed the accuracy 
cf the stranger's statements. 

52. He was received into full connexion at the Conference 
immediately preeeding his advent into Canada, held in Lyons^ 
and lie must have received the double ordination also, to pre- 




pare him for his Canadiain tesponsibiliti^ as we observe liis 
nailie was printed in t^a^ in the list of SU^ons, the never- 
failing index of preshyterial orders, 

53. We have glelaned no incidents of this year's labors, 
only we find that his Circuit (the Ancaster) was worked in 
connection with the Long Point, by which arranj^ement he 
had a regular interchange with honest Robert Perry, who was 
designated to the latter Circuit Recent information from a 
reliable source assures us that Perry was at that day a 
ready and effective preacher, and that personal neatness and 
masculine beauty made him very commanding. Their join< 
labors met with success, and they returned a net increase on 
the whole ground, o^sixty-nine members. 

64. Josi^a Gatch^ was the tenth a&d last of the new- 
comers. He was a •^isitive of the United States — ^perhaps of 
Pennsylvania, as he was received on trib.1 in the Philadelphia 
Conference. That was in 1809, at which time be was ap- 
pointed to the Holland Purchase and Caladonia, as the assist- 
ant of James Mitchel* who this year comes himself to the aid 
of the Canada work at Quebec. The year of which we write 
(1810 11) Gatohel is sent to Niagara as the colleague of 
gigantic Andrew Prindle. A very dissimilar man was he. 
Gatchel was rather under than over the middling size, slight 
made, stoop-shouldered, thin-.?aced, and sharp-featured, with 
irregular teeth ; and although he lived long, he was always of 
a slender habit of body, which rather unfitted him for the 
tbils of the itinerancy in that day. Besides, he was very 
severe on himself in his pulpit ministrations, being very im- 
passioned and excitable. His voice was cracked and squeak- 
ing, but very effective for all that. Although better educated 
than some of the preachers of that day, he was more of a de- 
claimer ^au expositor. He had some dramatic talent, and 



224 0A8B, AND 

was very moving. We once heard him quote the following 
lines of Dr. Young on the value of the soul, with thrilling 
effect: — 

** KnoVrt thou th* importance of a Mml immortal? 

'* Behold this midnight glory ; worlds on worldB I 

** Amasing pomp I Bedouhle this amase ; 

** Ten thoasand add ; and twice ten tbonsand more ; 

•* Then weigh the whole : one aonl oatweigha them all ; 

*■ And calls the astonishing magnificence 

••Of nnintelUgent creation poor I** 

55. On the Niagara Circuit resided a married sister of 
the great Nathan Bangs ; and with her an- unmarried sister, 
a joung lady of piety and gifts. Gatchel's acquaintance 
with the family led to his suhsequent marriage to Miss 
Bangs. Her gifb sometimes supplemented his efforts in the 
pulpit very much, to the satisfaction of the people in that day. 
In the strong language of the times, a brother stated that he 
had heard her exhort '' like a streak of red-hot lightning I '' 
So much at the present for Qatchel and his wife. 

5Q. As to the changes which this year (1810-11) makes 
among those laborers previously in the Upper Province, — 
Pattie moved from Cornwall to Augusta, which then included 
the whole country from the township from which it was 
named to Gananoque, (where old Col. Stone was the leading 
influence of Methodism,) on the front, and went as far back 
as the Biver Bideau in the interior. Here he is hugely 
popular, and wins Jbrty-six souls, net, to the Church. 

57. Lockwood goes from a subordinate place on the 
Bay of Quinte Circuit, to the "charge" of Yonge Street, 
where the man of refinement meets with many privations. 
The want of candles for study in the house induced him one 
night to join in the adventurous undertaking of a coon hunt. 
This occurred near the town line between Scarboro' and 
Markham, the amusing incidents of which he detailed to the 




writer many years after. Judging from tbe redaction of 
members on his Circuit from the number returned on the 
previous year, he did not succeed in " catching men " 8o well 
as in catching coons. 

58. Beynolds moved down the lake, from Yonge Street to 
Smithes Greek. He has also a small decrease. Perry goes 
Prom Niagara to Loqc; Point, which he works in connection 
with Ancaster, and is successful, as we have seen. Holmes 
succeeds Case at Detroit, or more properly in the Thames 
country, and even improves on the numbers returned by 
his successful predecessor; a great achievement after such 
a revival. 

59. Btan, like his friend Case, was elevated this year 
(1810) to the Presiding Eldership, and placed in charge 
of the labor^r^ new and old, who were stationed on the 
Upper Canada District. Case was elevated at the end 
of five years' itinerancy to the superintendency of a District; 
Ryan, not till he had travelled ten years. This was the 
banning of a public career of fourteen years duration, 
marked by stirring events and great successes. 

60. In many respects Mr. Ryan was the right man in the 
right place. He had zeal, enterprise, courage, system, 
industry, and that rough and ready kind of talent which 
was then more effective than any other. Moreover, he had 
authority by which to control others ; and had his zeal been 
a little more tempered with moderation; and had his 
authoritativcness less frequently degenerated into tyranny, 
it would have been better for him and the cause of religion. 
As it was, many of the preachers and people were heard to 
complain in after years of the high-handness that character- 
ized Elder Ryan's administration. In strange contrast with 
his sternness in particular cases, was the general familiai^ity 




226 CASK, AND 

of his deportment towards his friends, calling them 'Bub/ 
and ' SiSy' acoordlDg to their respective sexes. We shall bo 
able to famish the reader at a further stage of our narrative 
with the written opinion of some of his coevals concemiog 
the man in his official capacity. 

61. As to the duties and difficulties of his station, Mr. 
Plajter's excellent history leaves us very little to say ; and 
as we cannot say it in better terms, we adopt his words : 
"What a District to travel, four times in the year, was 
the Upper Canada 1 A Presiding Elder's duty was to 
attend four Quarterly Meetings in each Circuit. He had 
to visit ten Circuits each quarter of the year. The Quar- 
terly Meetings, in those days and many years after, were 
great religious festivals to the preachers and people. They 
were times of refreshing from the presence of the Lord. 
More or less of a revival influence was always expected at 
the meetiogs. When Elder Case or Ryan attended, rarely 
did they pass, without conversions to God. Ryan's home 
was probably in the Niagara Circuit, where he had labored 
the last two years, and where be owned a farm. How little 
of his society would his family enjoy I He might begin 
his journeys with Niagara Circuit, Long Point, and then 
off to Detroit. Returning, he would probably attend to the 
Ancaster and Yonge Street Circuits. Returning, the same 
week, he must be in Smith's Creek Circuit, the next week 
in the Bay of Quinte, the third week in Augusta, the fourth 
week in the St. Lawrence, and the fifth week in Cornwall 
Circuit. In this Circuit his quarterly work might end. 
Now he turns homeward ; and a journey from Cornwall to 
Niagara, on horseback, with the crooked, hilly, unmeoded, 
swampy roads of those times, was no light undertaking. 
The distance was about 350 miles, and would require an 




industrioos travel of five or six days. He would have a 
week to rest. Then he jaust again be on the road to 
Detroit. From Detroit to Cornwall, allowiDg for the bending 
of the road in the Niagara frontier, was probably not much 
short of 700 miles. Allowing for his returns to his home, 
Ryan probably travelled about 1,000 faiiles each quarter in 
the year, or 4,000 miles a year. And what was the worldly 
gain ? For so much bodily labour, to say nothing of the 
mental, the Presiding Elder was allowed $80 for himself, 
$60 for his wife, and what provisions he would need for his 
family. His entire allowance might have been £60 a year* 
Such was the remuneration, and such the labours of the 
Presiding Elder fifty years ago. The Presiding Elders in 
the United States were men of the same labours and the 
same remuneration. The Bishops were not exempted from 
such toils, nor was their remuneration more. The venerable 
Asbury was now travelling three to four thousand miles a 
year, and his salary was but eighty. In such disinterested 
zeal we surely see an humble follower of Jesus Christ.^' 

62. Despite the energy of the new Presiding Elder, there 
was but very little numerical advancement on the Upper 
Canada part of the work. Indeed, there was an apparent 
decrease of fifty-three; but it was only apparent. At the 
end of thia year, the St Lawrence Circuit was no longer 
reckoned to the Upper Canada District, but to the 
United States, where it geographically belonged. Account- 
ing for the withdrawment of its sixty-six members, will leave 
a small gain in Mr. Byan^s District of thirteen. Perhaps 
the want of increase was owing to increased carefulness in 
making up the returns^ and greater strictness in dibcipline. 
There was, however, an increase upon Lower Canada ground 
of seventy members, making the total membership for the 



228 €ASB, AHD 

two Provinces thrte thousand, three hnndred, and thirty* 
■even, being a net gain on the whole ground of eighty*thiee. 

63. The close of this Conference year was signalized by 
the payment of Bishop Asbory's long projected and only 
Tisit to Canada. We shall eschew the accounts of it given 
by the two historians, Dr. Bangs and Mr. Playter, as being 
probably familiar to most general readers, and reproduce that 
recorded bv the Bishop's travelling companion, the Bev. 
Henry Boehm, entire, reserving the privilege of correcting 
the spelling of some Canadian names, and of making a re- 
mark here and there parenthetically. Mr. Boehm's account 
is but little known; besides, to give the words of an eye- 
witness better su^ our plan, and imparts a- freshness ^hich 
no historian, writing long after the events, can hope to 
possess. In this narrative we get a life-like picture of the 
times and the men we wish to portray. Several of the 
brethren described by us wiU again come into vi^w. Hear 
Mr. Boehml 

64. ** For many years Bishop Asbury had an ardent desire 
to visit Canada. I was with him in July, 1809, near Lake 
Champlain, where he ordained * Joseph Samson, a native of 
Canada, and sent him to be a Missionary to his countrymen.' 
He adds, * Tlie day of smaH things will be great ; but the 
day is not yet come, rather, it is still far off. Patience, my 
soul ! Do I not feel for the lost sheep 1 Yea, verily. We 
had at that time two Districts in Canada, and a little over 
two thousand members. The next year Joseph Samson was 
Presiding Elder of Lower Canada District.'* [This is Uie 
year of whickwe have been writing— 1810-11.] 

65. '' Mr. Asbury believed a Bishop should travel through 
every part of his diocese, and, as &r as possible, acquaint 
himself with every part of his work. When we were in Ken- 



HIS 007£MP0RARIES. 20|^ 

tacky, ill 1809, he wrote; 'If spared, I shall see CaQiidii 
b«foi;e I die.' 

66. '' The foandatioi>8 of a great work had been laid there 
by William Losee, Darius Danham, James Coleiqan, Joseph 
Sawyer, Hezekiah C. Wooster, Samuel Coate, Joseph «Fewell» 
Elijah Woolsej) Nathan Bangs, and others, to whom the 
Methodists in Canada owe a debt of gratitude. Annually, 
the Bishop had heard of the state of the work there sincQ 
he appointed Wm. Lo^ee in 1791/' a period of tw^pty 

67. "Mx. AsbuTj selected the interval between the sessiQn 
of the New England and (Genesee Conferences for his vi«U 
to Canada. Had he not gone then, he would neiyer have 
made the journey, f^r the war which commenced the next 
year between Great Britain and tht United States would 
ba?e prevqnt^d hin^i^pd by the time d^e war wa^ over ibP 
Kshop would have bew top feeble to hav^ wdcfrtakcm it* 

68i *' According to his usual custom, the plan was laid 
before hand^ his guide selected, and his appointments sent 
forward. At Barnard, Vt., Bishop McKendree and he 
separatedj) to ineet at Paris, N. Y,, the seat pf thp Qeneaee 
Conf(^renQe, apod he and X started {qr Canada* An ordii^ary 
man would have sought an interval of rest ; but the labo- 
rious A^^ryt though old and infirm, never thought of 
repose tilt th^ heavenly \m^ should unfold its boundless 
lovelines0» and weloQin^ him to its rest su^ refreshment 

69« '- OnsT ^ifi was the Rev. Bela Smith, then preaching 
in Oanadat on tbe Cornwall Circuit. We had a very severe 
time on our journey. We crossed La)s:e Champlain, a,nd Mr. 
Aabnry preached in a bar-room in Plattsburgh. The heat 
waa intd^ablo. The rqada through the woods, over rocks* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

230 CASE, AMD 

down gnUeySy over stamps, and throngh the mtid» wore inde- 
scribable. They were enough to jolt a hale Bishop to deaih» 
let alooe a poor, infirm old man, near the grave. 

70. ''We crossed the Chateangay and Salmon Rivers, 
and on Monday, July 1st, reached a large Indian Village, 
called St. Regis. The St. Regis River, a beantifol stream, 
here enters the grand old St. Lawrence. These Indians, 
and there were some thousands of' them, were a nation com- 
posed of the fragments of several once powerful tribes, who 
had been gathered many years before by a Roman Catholic 
priest A part of the Indians belonged to the United States, 
and the rest to Canada. The St. Lawrence River is not 
the line that here separates the two countries. The In- 
dians belon^ng to Canada live on one side of the line, those 
belonging to the United States on the other. They were 
chiefly Roman Catholics, and had a large church, with its 
steeple and bell, and a parsonage in which the priest lived, 
near the bank of the St Lawrence. The church was built 
about the begmning of 1700. They are known as the St. 
Regis Indians. 

71. ** On entering the village, as Mr. Asbury was leading 
his horse across a bridge made of poles, the animal got his 
feet between them, and sunk into the mud and water. Away 
went the saddlebags; the books and clothes were wet, and 
the horse was fast We got a pole under him to pry him 
out ; at the same time the horse made a leap, and came out 
safe and sound. 

72. *' We crossed the St Lawrence in romantic style. 
We hired four Indians to paddle us over. They lashed three 
canoes together, and put our horses in them, their fore-feet 
in one canoe, their hind-feet in another. It was a singulai 
h>ad; three canoes, three passengers, (the Bishop, Bela 




Smithy and myself,) three horses, and four Indians. They 
were to take us over for three dollars. It was nearly three 
miles acro&s to where we landed. It was late in the after- 
noon when we started, and we were a long time crossing, 
for some part was rough, especially the rapids, so we did not 
reach the other side till late in the evening. Then the In- 
dians claimed an additional dollar. They said, 'fonr men, 
four dollars,' intimating that three dollars could not be easily 
divided among four. We cheerfully paid the additional 
dollar, and were full of gratitude for our crossing in safety. 
We might have shared the fate of Robert Hibbard, a 
preacher in Canada, who was drowned,r October 10, 1812, 
in the St. Lawrence, in crossing the ferry, some distance 
below Montreal. His body was never found. (We have 
to refer to this melancholy case again.) 

73. "We arrived in Canada on July 1st, 1811, landing 
at Cornwall, and about midnight we reached the hospitable 
dwelling of Evan Roise," (about a mile below Milleroches,) 
**who hailed the Bishop's arrival with joy, and gave him 
and his companions a welcome worthy of patriarchal times." 
[He was one of the first Canadian Methodists, and as primi- 
tive in his character as he was in his history. He filled the 
office of Class-leader, as did his son John, after he was re- 
moved. He died as he lived, ^* a shouting Methodist." His 
descendants inherit his strong Methodist proclivities.] 

74. ** We found it warm in Canada, and the Bishop suf- 
fered greatly. Here Henry Ryan, Presiding Elder of Upper 
Canada, met us. The next day Bishop Asbury preached, 
and Brother Ryan and I" (according to the prevailing 
custom,) *• exhorted." 

75. **The day after there was a Love-feast, and the 
Lord's Supper was administered, and the Bishop preached* 



232 CASE, AMD 

After meeting) We rode tip tbe banks of the river, dined at 
Stephen Bailey's," [John Bailey's father, at Moulinette,] 
" and then went to Brother " [Panl] *< Glassford^s ** [near 
the town-line between Williamsburgh and Matilda.] *' Tbe 
Bishop rode in Brother Olassford's small close carriage, which 
he called a ' calash,' and he inquired how they were to get 
out if they upset. He had hardly asked the question before 
oTer went the carriage, and tbe yenerable Bishop was 
upset, but fortunately no bones were broken; the saplings 
along side the road broke the fall, and he escaped uninjured. 

76. ** On Friday tbe Bishop preached in Matilda Cbapeli 
in what was called the * German Settlement ;' I followed him^ 
preaching in German. We had a good time, and from appear- 
ances good was done." [Twenty-three years afterwards, the 
lively Methodists of Matilda cherished pleasant memories of 
that visits in which they heard a Bishop preach, and also Mr. 
Boehm in their own vernacular.] " the Bishop was delighted 
with the people. He wrote thus — * I was weak in body, yet 
greatly helped in speaking. Here is a decent, loving people. 
My soul is much united to them. I called upon Father Dul- 
mage/ [Coate's Father-in-law] ^ and Brother * [Samuel] 
< Heck, a branch of an old Irish stock of Methodists in New 
York. ' " [They had now got to the front of Augusta.] 

77. "We tarried over night with David Brakenridge.*' [A 
little above where Maitland now stands.] *' He married and 
baptized a great many people, and attended many funerals. 
In 1864 he preached the funeral sermon of Mrs. Heck, who 
died suddenly. She is said to have been a most estimable 
woman. She was the wife of Paul Heck, who was one of the 
first trustees of old John Street Church, and it is said she 
claimed to be the woman who stirred up Phillip Embury to 
preach the Gospel. 




78. ** On Saturday we rode twelve miles before breakfast to 
Brother Boyce's," [father of Mr. David Boyce] " where we 
attended the Quarterly Meeting. The Meeting was at Eliza- 
bethtown." [Hard by Mr. Boyce's.] ** I preached at noon, on 
I. Peter, 3-12. William Mitchell and Bela Smith exhorted. 
It was a time of power ; many of God's people rejoiced, and 
some mourners found converting grace. On Saturday we had a 
glorious t;me in Love-feast, and at the Lord's Supper. Bishop 
Asbury preached a thrilling sermon from Titus, ii., 11, 12. 

79. "This was about sixty miles from Cornwall. The 
Bishop greatly admired the country through which we rode. 
He says : * Our ride has brought us through one of the finest 
countries I have ever seen. The timber is of a noble size ; the 
cattle are well shaped and well-looking ; the crops are abund- 
ant on a most fruitful soil. Surely this is a land that God 
the Lord hath blessed.' This extract not only shows the es- 
timate the Bishop formed of that part of Canada, but his hab- 
its of observation, — extending not merely to the inhabitants, 
but to the soil, the crops, the timber and the cattle, both as to 
their shape as well as size. The Bishop passed through this 
world with his eyes open." [And all the itinerants of that 
day learned much from observation.] 

80. " On Monday we proceeded, and E. Cooper, a young 
man from Ireland *' [who had crossed over from the St. Law- 
rence Circuit on the opposite side to meet them] ** to Ganan- 
oque Falls " [mark how it was then designated] ** to Colonel 
Stone's. Father Asbury was very lame in his left foot from 
inflammatory rheumatism. He suffered like a martyr. On 
Tuesday we reached Brother Elias Dulmage's, a very kind 
family, and Bishop Asbury preached in the first Town Church, 
on Hebrews x., 38, 39 ; Brother Cooper and I exhorted." 
I Kingston, and the first Chapel is intended, in which town 



234 CA8S, AND 

Elias Dalmage, one of the Palatines, ]ive4 afterwiirds a long 
time as j ail-keeper.] 

81. ** The Bishop was so poorly he could not proceed on his 
ijouriiej/' [further up ihe country] "and was obliged to lie by 
and rest, that he mi^ht be able to attend the Genesee Confer- 
ence at Paris, [N. Y.] He remained at Brother Dalmage's, 
where he found a very kind, home, and I went with Henry 
'Ryan to his Quarterly Meeting, in [the] Fourth or'Adolphus 
Town, Bay of Quinte. We dined at Father Miller's, a native 
of Gtermany." [German-Irish, a progenitor of the Rev. Aaron 
Miller, we presume.] " On Friday we rode to Brother Joha 
Embury's, Hay Bay. He was a nephew of Phillip Embury, 
the Apostle of American Methodism. He was awiikened at 
the age of sixteen, under his undle's preaching in New York. 
The next day — Saturday — Edward Cooper preached at ekVen 
o'clock, and Henry Ryan and I exhorted. 

8^. " On the Lord's day we had a glorious love-feast, and 
at 'the Lord^s Supper He was made known to us in the break- 
ing of bread. In a beautiful grol^e, under the shade of 
trees ^lat^ted by God's own hand, I preached to two thou- 
sand p^ple," [so many did a Quarterly Meeting draw together 
in those days,] " from Luke xix : 10 ; John Reynolds," [who 
must have been on his way from Smith Greek to the Goa- 
ference, by the Way of Kingston,] "and Henry Ryan 
exhorted. The sparks flew, ^nd the Are fell. Henry Ryan 
was frofn Ireland. He was a powerful mah in that day. 

83. ^*In order to get to the Conference, Brother Ryan and 
I "^re ohli^^d, ^fter this day of toil, to ride all night to meet 
the Bishbp. About eleveh o'clock we reached Brother 
Millar's, where we were refreshed. We slept for a while, 
and when it was tin^e to start I had hard Work to wake 
"DtM^r Ryafn, he was sleeping so soundly. At length ha 




awoke^ and we started, and wended oar way throngb the 
dark, and just as the morning light made its appearance, we 
reached Brother Dalmage's. The distance we rode that night 
was thirty-five miles. 

84. " To our great joy we found Father Asbury better. 
We found also that notwithstanding his lameness and indis- 
position, the ruling passion was so strong that he could not 
keep quiet ; but he had sent around and got a congregation, 
to whom he preached in the chapel. He also met the 
society," [a worthy example to younger men,] " and baptized 
two children.'* 

85. *' We were in Canada just a fortnight, during which 
time we visited a number of pi ces. Cornwall, Matilda, 
Kingston, [Qlizabethtown. Everywhere the Bishop was 
treated as the angel of the churches. I was also in Adol- 
pliustown, Hay Bay Shore, and Bay of Quinte. In Adolphus- 
tbwn the first regularly organized class was formed in Canada, 
and at Hay Bay the first Methodist Church in Canada was 
erected. The Bishop preached six times in Canada, besides 
numerous lectures which he delivered to societies. 

86. ** Bela Smith piloted Mr. Asbury and myself in cross* 
ing Chateaugy woods, from Plattsburgh to St. Begis, and 
crossed with us into Canada. In the woods there was a log 
across the road, and it was Very muddy. I Tolled the log 
out of the road so we could pass. Bela Smith said, ' I be- 
lieve you can do any thing.' * O yes,' I said, * anything that 
is necessary to be done.' Forty years afterwalrds I met 
him in the Forsyth'Street Church, ^t the New York Con- 
ference, and I asked him if he remembered Chateaugy wood?. 
He said yes. And while we talked over the dangers we 
had encountered in that perilous journey, and the sacrifices 
oif the pas^ a young man listened to us, and with a signifi- 



236 OASE, AND 

joant look, he tossed his head «nd said, ' It is all Greek to 
ine.' I have no douht he would have thought it so if he 
had as much difficulty in translating it as some of us had ; 
but a brighter day has dawned upon the Church» and I 
rejoice that the young men now are called upon to make no 
such sacrifices, and to bear no such burdens. Mr. Smith 
was an excellent man. After much suffering, he died in holy 
triumph, and was buried in Durham, N. Y. His excellent 
wife, whose name was Merwin, a relative of Rev. Samuel 
Merwin," [once a Canadian laborer,] "sleeps beside him. 
He had two sons, Thomas 6., and J. W., who have caught 
his fallen mantle, and are members of the New York Con- 

87. •* The Bishop being anxious to get to the Conference 
at Paris, left Kingston on Monday, to cross Lake Ontario 
for Sackett's Harbor, in an open sail-boat, dignified by the 
name of * packet/ We commenced our voyage with a heavy 
head wind, and were obliged to beat all the way. We could 
have crossed in a few hours if the wind had been fair. A 
tremendous storm overtook us ; the wind blew like a hurri- 
cane, and it was so dark the captain did not know where he 
was. He intended to have anchored at a harbor in Grena- 
dier Island, but we passed it without knowing it. The 
captain swore and cursed the wind when he found he could 
not reach the Island before dark, and then I thought we 
were in danger. A female passenger reproved him, and 
inquired if he was not ashamed to swear so. He made no 
reply, but he swore no more that night." [An encouraging 
example of the value of faithful reproof.] 

88. '' After we passed the Island we looked back, and be- 
held a large raft with a fire upon it When we saw the light 
we hailed those on the raft, and learned from them that we 




wero Dear some dangerous rocks. We should no doubt have 
found a watery grave if we had not seen the light on that raft. 
They had come to anchor in consequence of the storm. We 
turned our old scow around, and came to anchor along-side of 
the raft, on the north side of Fox Island. Henry Ryan and 
the rest of the company left the vccsel and went.ou the Island, 
where there was a house of entertainment. 

89. ** Bishop Asbury and I remained on the boat till morn- 
ing. There was no cabin ; it was an open boat, and the wind 
was howling, and the storm beating upon us. In order to 
make the Bishop as comfortable as possible, I made him a bed, 
covered him with the blankets we carried with us, and fixed 
the canvas over him like a tent, to keep off the wind and the 
rain. Then I laid down on the bottom of the boat on some 
stones placed there for ballast, which I covered with some hay 
I procured at Kingston for our horses. 

90. " At midnight a sudden squall struck our frail bark ; 
the canvas flapped and awoke and alarmed the Bishop. H§ 
cried out, * Henry I Henry I the horses are going overboard.' I 
quieted his fears by telling him all was safe, that it was merely 
the flapping of the sail in the midnight winds. He then lay 
down again, and was quiet till morning. The reader will re- 
member that I had no sleep the night before, but travelled 
nearly forty miles ; and on the Lake it was difficult to sleep 
under the circumstances I have described. No shipwrecked 
mariner who had endured the darkness of a stormy night on 
the ocean, was ever more rejoiced to se^ the light of the morn- 
ing than ourselves. ' Truly the light is sweet, and a pleasant 
thing it is for the eyes to behold the sun.* 

91. "In the morning we went to Fox Island for our break- 
fast, which tasted good, as we lay down the night before supper- 
less. ' Then we set sail for Sackett's Harbor, and arrived there 




about two in the af1;emoon in safety, after the perilous storm 
and tedipus night, and we were never more glad to set ouf feet, 
on terra firma. 

" 92. "We dined at Sackett's Harbor, and ti^en set c?tit in, a, 
thunder shower towards the seat of t)ie ConferenoQ. It was 
singular to see; the feeble old Bishop, who had sucli a^ rough, 
passage across the lake, moving forward in a heavy rain^, 
amid lightning and thunder, showing that in his estimation 
<tfae King's business required haste.' In his journal he 
speaks of his sufferings, ' My foot swelled and was very 
painful/ 'I have passed a night in great pain and dis- 
quietude.' * Friday, sore, lame, and weary.' 

93. ** On Friday we reached Paris^ where we met with 
Bishpp McKendree, and the old veterans were oveijoyed. to 
see each other. Bishpp Asbury wrote,— * My spirit rejoiced, 
with dear Bishop McKendree; he nursed noe as if I ha4 
been his, own babe.' We were kindly entertaiped at Brother 
Elijah Davis's. It was a very pleasant and harmonioua 
Conference. On Thursday evening it adjourned, to meet 
the next July, at Niagara, in Canada. 

94. **Loring Grant, who still lives, aii old veteran, and 
Isaac Puffer," [afterwards to travel in Canada,] "known 
as ' chapter and verse/ or as a travelling concordance, were 
ordained deacons. The latter h^ fallen asleep Chiirlea 
Giles, George Harmon, and others were ordained elders* 
They elected for their first delegates to General Conference^ 
William B, Lacy, Anning Owen, Timothy I^ice, James 
Kelsey, Elijah Batchelor, and WiUiam Snow." [No Cana- 
dians were elected, and but one who had labored in Canada, 
namely, Snow.] '^It is singular they did not send one of 
their Presiding Elders, Gideon Draper, William Case, or 
Henry Ryan." [The leaven of opposition to the appointment 




of tbeae office-bearers by the Bishop alone, which ajfterwardg 
developed itself so strongly, was already working. The 
preachers in general naturally thought brethren who owed 
their occupancy of this influential office to the Bi^hop^s 
appointment^ would not vote to have the office elective.'] 

95. The appointments for 1811-12, for Canada, made by 
the New York, New England, and (Jenesee Conferences, were 
as follow: — 


(New York Conference.) 
Joseph Samson, Presiding Elder. 

Quebec — Joseph Scull. 

Montreal — James Mitchell. 

Ottawa — Samuel Luckey. 

St. Francis River — Robert Hibard. 

Three Rivers — (Probably Samson's special charge, as last 

Dunhcmi — (New York Conference) S. Scomboroer, Timothy 

Stans(ead^{New England Conference) Joseph Dennett. 


Henry Ryan, Presiding Elder. 

Augusta — John Rhodes, John Reynolds. 

Bay of Quinte^ThomsLB Whitehead, Edward Cooper. 

Smith's Creek — Joseph Gatchel. 

Tonge^ Street r^ Andrew Prindle. 

Niagara — Isaap B. Smith, Peter Covenhoveo. 

Ancaster and Long Point^Qt, Mi Densmore, Enoch 

Detroit — ^Ninian Holmes, Silas Hopkins. 

96. From the above list of Canada Stations, it appears that 
our principle subject— the Rev. William Case— was still in the 



240 0A8E, AND 

IlDited States department of the Genesee Conference work. 
He was cootinued on the Cayuga District as Presiding Elder. 
Indeed, he may he said never to have come down to ordinary 
Circuit work again. The Rev. Dr. G. Peck, then a boy, in- 
formed the author that he remembered our subject of that date, 
and that his boyish fancy was impressed with Case's command- 
ing appearance and picturesque costume. He rode about his 
District well mounted, his fine person clad in a suit of parson 
grey ; the coat being gracefully rounded in front, while his 
breeches and stockings set off the fair proportions of his nether 
limbs to advantage. These grave but symmetrical habiliments 
well comported with the moral purity and sober dignity of his 
character and conduct. 

97.- The work of God was prosecuted with selMenying 
vigor, and corresponding success by himself and the brethren 
in the District, as we learn from sundry incidental hints in the 
fascinating work on << Early Methodism within the bounds 
of the Genesee Conference," from the pen of Dr. Peck. In 
the following extracts, we learn somewhat concerning the spirit 
in which he and his subordinates prosecuted their work, and 
the difficulties under which they had to labor. Take the 
following reminiscences of the Rev. Ira Fairbank : — 

98i ** I was one of those who stood in the itinerant ranks 
from 1810, when I received an appointment from William 
Case, Presiding Elder, on the Black River Circuit, with old 
Brother Willis, which embraced the most part of the Black 
River territory. In 1811, I was received on trial, and 
appointed to what was then called Mexico Circuit. Reuben 
Farley was my colleague. This Circuit embraced a large 
territory : a part of Sandy Creek, Readfield, Camden, Bengal, 
Williamstown, Salmon Rivor, Richland, Mexico, and as far 
west as the Oswego Falls, having to pass through a twelve 




miles dense \^ilderness twice every tour round the Circnit. 
This was a year of labor, sacrifice, and suffering, but of great 
spiritual prosperity. Although we had to preach often in 
log shanties, yet we found warm receptions, warm hands and 
hearts, and were made welcome to the best their cabins 
afforded. There was more in those days than a cold ' How 
do you do ? ' 

99. ** One circumstance I will relate. At one of my Sab- 
bath appointments old Brother Bennett, who had come ten or 
twelve miles to meeting, requested me to preach in his neigh- 
bourhood on some week day ; the place was ten miles through 
the woods on Salmon River, and was a fishing ground of ten 
or a dozen families. On visiting the place I found a people 
who had no Sabbath or religion, but abounded with family 
and neighbourhood quarrels. Preaching being a novel thing, 
we bad a full house. After preaching, I told them that it 
made us twenty miles extra travel to preach to them, and we 
had no other object in view than the salvation of their souls^ 
and if they would unite in society as seekers we would give 
them regular preaching. They might have four weeks to 
think on the subject. I would leave an appointment for my 
colleague in two weeks, and come again myself in four weeks 
when the question would be determined. My colleague re- 
ported favorably, and when I visited the place again I found 
a good attendance* After preaching I read the Discipline 
and explained it ; then I wished all who desired to join the 
society to arise. To my surprise all the congregation arose 
but one man, and he left the house. I suppose that all were 
unconverted but Brother Bennett. One of the new members 
said to me, he thought the man who left the house much to 
blame that he would not join society, seeing we took so much 
pains to come and preach to them, and he would talk with 
hifn for that. I felt in singular circumstances, but told them 




242* OASS, AND 

I would preach in the evening and meet the ckss. Tlie pine 
forest was literally illuminated with torches. I gave them » 
short talki and proceeded to meet our new class. I found 
some deeply impressed in their minds, and they wept ; but 
some very raw materials. I reported the Btate of things to my 
colleague, and told him to take into the class the balance of 
the neighbourhood if he could. He did so, with the exception 
of ^ne family, and found that God was at work in power 
among the people, and in a short time, before the year closed^ 
it was one of the most spiritual and deeply experienced socie- 
ties on the circuit ; some professed entire sanctification. 

TOO. «' To give a specimen of their zeal : at our last Quarter- 
ly Meeting in that year, which was held in Juue or July, (1812,) 
they started with two sleds, with two yoke of oxen to each, a 
distance of ten miles ; the women rode, the men went on foot 
and they were the happiest company at the Meeting. Brother 
WilUam Case tms our Presiding Elder, I received $25 quar- 
terage that year, and at the end of the year I owed nothing. 
We lived with the people; when they had venison, we 
bad it ; when they had salmon, we shared with them. I learned 
that this society has ever been held in high esteem for their 
christian fidelity, and we have in its origin the benefit of that 
rule that admits aU who desire salvation to join on trial. I 
think we received about one hundred on probation." There 
was a nett increase on Mr. Case's Distrtet that year of Jive 
hundred and eighty^nine. 

101. Mr. Case's own personal ministry at this time was 
very powerful, as will be seen by the following incident, re- 
cjorded in Dr. Peck's " Early Methodism," which, but for 
inadvertency, we should have presented a little earlier in our 
story. Speaking of a somewhat hardened place in the Cayuga 
Circuit, called Courtland, the Doctor says: — ^^ During this 




year tne first Quarterly Meeting was appointed for this place. 
It was understood the Presiding Elder would be present, and 
as the members from the surrounding towns were expected, 
it promised to be a season of unusual interest to the families 
residing in the settlement In this they were not disappointed. 
The meeting was held in an unfinished barn, where a large 
congregation convened for public worship. Mr. Case selected 
for his text on the Sabbath, Bev. iii. 4 : * Come out of her, 
my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye 
receive not of her plagues.* He is said to haye preached 
with such a meisure of the Divine Spirit that multitudes 
were not able to resist the appeals which he made, and from 
that day a deeper religious influence pervaded the community 
than had ever existed before. Elder Case did not visit Court- 
land again in the discharge of his official duties during his 
stay on the District^ but the labors of that day were not in 
vain." But we must turn from Mr. Case to the land from 
which he was but briefly absent— to Canada. 

102. The absence of* no less than six out of the names 
which appeared in the list of the previous year's Stations, 
(1810-11) from that of the one of which we write, (1811-12) 
leads us naturally to inquire what became of them ; and, where 
the separati<Jn is final, to give them a parting adieu. Three out 
of the six — namely, Garlick, Kilbourn, and Pattie — removed 
from the country forever ; one, namely, Thomas Madden, like 
his friend Case, was only absent a few years ; and the remain- 
ing two — Perry and Freeman — located within the Province 

103. When last we mentioned Heman Garlick, we enter* 
tained a fear that we would not be able to learn any more of 
him, and we expressed nearly as much ; but we have since 
found, that he continued in the New York Conference till he 
finished his itinerant career, which was in a few years after 




leaving Canada. During the year of which we are no\i wnt- 
ing, he was stationed as assistant Preacher on the Platts- 
burs: Circuit. The next year (1812-13) he remained there 
in charge, but there was a diminution of members. Perhaps 
his health was declining, which unfitted him for the vigorous 
prosecution of his work ; because we see that at the next Con- 
ference, in 1813, he superannuated. In that relation he con- 
tinued till 1815, when, perhaps despairing of ever being able 
to perform effective service, and not wishing to be a burden 
on conferential funds, he located. We have not inquired 
further about him, as to whether he ever returned to a con- 
nection with the Conference or not, but leave him till '* The 
Lord writeth up the people," We have since learned from 
a surviving brother of his, Capt. W. A. Garlick, of Brome, 
C. E., whom Heman was the instrument of converting, that 
he settled in the State of N. Y., and continued steadfast till 
his death, which took place so lately as 1857, and that he 
passed away triumphantly. 

104. In parting with the Rev. David Kilbourn we are glad 
that we are in circumstances to furnish particulars about his 
early antecedents which we had not the means of furnishing 
in the usual place, as well as much relating to his after 
career. He was one of an ancient and wide-spread family in 
the United States and Canada, as well as in Britain, whose 
patronymic is variously spelled. David was one of the seventh 
generation from Thomas Kilbourn, who emigrated in an early 
day to New England, and who was ** the common ancestor to 
the Kilbourns in the Western Continent.'* 

105. " He was," says the family chronicler, the imAiediate 
" son of Capt. Ebenezer Kilbourn, of Gilsun, N.H., where he 
was bom, Oct. 22, 1784. In early manhood he was licensed 
as a local preacher in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 



ms C0TSMK)EAaiKS. 245 

became connected with the New England Conference in 1808. 
His first appointment was Union River, Maine, at that time 
the most eastern circuit in the United States. He was trans- 
fered to Readfield, Me., in 1809." In 1810 he labored on 
the Stanstead Circuit, Lower Canada, ^^^e was by this 
time esteemed as one of the most faithful and powerful 
preachers of the denomination with which he was connected. 
In 1815 he was appointed Presiding Elder of the New Hamp- 
shire District, and he subsequently received the same appoint- 
ment in the Portland, the Springfield, and the Boston Dis- 
tricts. In the interval between these several appointments, 
he discharged the duties of the pastoral office with great 
acceptance and success in several of the largest towns and 
cities of New England, having being stationed in Portland, 
Lynn, Lowell, Boston, and Providence. Besides being fre- 
quently a Delegate to the General Conference, and an officer 
of various benevolent associations, he was a member of the 
Board of Visitors of the Wesleyan University, from 1833 to 
1836, and Vice-President of the 'American Sunday School 
Union* in 1845. He was a Presiding Elder of Districts six- 
teen years." He died July 13, 1865, aged eighty, but the 
particulars of his death have not reached us. His history 
furnishes another example of the benefit of spending the early 
years of the Methodist ministry in hard circuits, and another 
instance of the good materials tC which the early Canadian 
preachers were made. 

106. We placed Ellas Pattie among those who removed 
from the Province for ever; but whether he removed at once 
is more than we can say — indeed, we incline to the opinion 
that he did not, for the following reason : The Augusta Re- 
gister saysy he baptized Samuel Wright Heck, afterwards a 
preacher, who was born Dec. 30th, 1816. He is returned 



24ft ^ oAsiE^ Mm 

among Ae ** loosted *' ftwr this year (ISIl-lS.) It was a pity 
this popular and powerful preacher had not more stable attach- 
ment to that sublime work which he had such eminent abili- 
ties for promoting. Perhaps his frequent domestic bereave- 
ments had 8oafe|thing to do with his ohangeableness in this 
particalar. He was twice left a widower, and was thrice mar- 
ried. His fine personal appearance would not allow him to 
seek long for a wife. He ultimately went westward in the 
United States, and resumed his itinerant labors. The forma- 
tion of the Michigan Annual Conference exhibits his name 
on the roll of members. He was among its superannuates 
from 1836 to 1838, at which latter date he located altogether. 
He was a while in the Ohio Conference. This is all we can 
tell of our noble Elias Pattie* 

107. Thomas Maddbn, one of the missingi was removed, 
but not finally. Happily his absence, like that of his friend 
Case, was but for a time. He was stationed this and the follow- 
ing years (1811 and 1812) in charge of the Charlotte Circuity 
New York Conference, which was included in the Champlaia 
District^ with genial Samuel Draper, late of Canada, for his Pre- 
siding Elder. During the latter of these two years the war 
between Ghreat Britain and the United States broke out ; and 
intercourse being cut ofl^ he was detained in an alien country. 
The first act of hostility was perpetrated by the United 
States, on the sixteenth of May, 1812, and war was formally 
declared by the American Congress on the eighteenth of June 
following. At the Conference of 1813, Mr. Madden was ap- 
pointed to the charge of the Brandon Circuit, Yt, in the 
same District. The Bev. D. B. Madden, son of our present 
subject, wa3 unable, after special inquiry, instituted a few 
years ago, to glean any incidents connected with that 
period of his fotjier's labors in the States, alUiough bis mother 




often referred to their sojourn in that country in after years. 
His sainted daughter, Eliza, was born in Vermont. It is 
very doubtful whether Mr. M. staid the year out on the Bran- 
don Circuit, if, indeed, he went there at ail. For this doubt, 
we shall assign our reasons when we come to speak of the 
supply and management af the Canada work durins: the war. 

108. Robert Perry's disappearance from the list of itin- 
erants was a ** location.'* It was a pity, but, considering the 
exigency of the times, perhaps a necessity. He had been 
married at the early age of eighteen, and had some children. 
But his wife died before his going into the itinerant work, 
and it is believed he remained single nearly the whole time of 
his travelling. It may have been that the care of his children, 
who perchance could no longer well be kept among his rela- 
tions, obliged him to marry, and with marriage, in that day, 
usually came location. He continued to serve the old con- 
nexion in a local sphere till about 1816, when, alas, he 
identified himself with the " Reformed Methodists,'' of whom 
more anon. When they come into sight, we shall have 
something more to say of good, but narrow-minded Robert 

109. Daniel Freeman, as we have secn^ also located at 
the beginning of this Conference year (1811-12.) Marriage, 
too, in his case, most likely was the cause of location. As he 
settled in Canada, (we believe in the township of Windham, 
Long Point,) it is probable he married a Canadian lady, and 
perhaps one in that part of the country, which constituted the 
western extremity of his only Canadian Circuit. He trans- 
ferred what property ho had in New Jersey, which was con- 
aderable, to his new home, and went into the business, we 
Lave been taid« of milling and cloth dressing 



248 CASE, AND 

110. He> however, unlike Perry, continued faithful in his 
aUegiance to the Church of his early choice* His usefulness 
as a local minister, and the great respect shown him, hare 
been referred to. He was in labours abundant, and con- 
tinued fidthful to the end. He closed his mortal career at 
the residence in Windham, March the 10th, 1835 

111. The particulars of his demise are set forth in a letter 
to the then Editor of the Christian Guardian, dated April 
11th, 1835. They are as follow:—" The painful task ia 
imposed upon me to communicate to you the mournful tidings 
that my dear father is no more.* Yesterday morning we had 
hardly finished our family devotions, when we saw that a 
change was taking place. I removed him from his chair to 
his bed, and in less than five minutes his spirit had taken it's 
flight I held him in my arms till the ' weary wheels of life 
stood still,' and without a struggle or a groan he closed his 
eyes forever on earthly things. We are left to mourn, but 
blessed be God I not without hope. We have lost a father, 
but heaven has gained a saint. Our tears flow in quick suc- 
cession, but angels shout, 'Another pilgrim has found his 
way hither.'" Two of Mr. Freeman's daughters married 
into the Wesleyan ministry; and his son, D. M. Freeman^ 
Esq., of Windham, is a worthy member of his father's Church. 
Most of the above particulars have been obtained through the 
active politeness of Mr. George Wilson, an appreciating, 
pious neighbour of the Freemans. 

112. Beside those reported in the above two categories, 
located and removed, we discover, somewhat too late, that 
there is another who might, in military phrase, be returned as 
*' missing," a term which is applied after a battle to those 
who cannot be found among the wounded or slain, or whom 
they do not know to be taken prisoners. Joseph Lockwood 




has no appointment either in Caoada or the Stately and he Is 
not returned among the located, supernumeraries, superannu- 
ated, expelled, or deceased. We find his name no more, any- 
where, on the itinerant roll. 

113. He seems to have irregularly desisted ; and we think 
he remained for some time within the hounds of his last cir- 
cuit, Yonge Street, in the useful capacity of a school teacher, 
which profession he afterwards followed in different places for 
many years, and for which his g«od Bducation ahundantly 
qualified him. He was scarcely at any time ardent and 
enduring enough for a Methodist preacher in that day in this 
country. Seventeen years afterwards we made his acquaint- 
ance in Belleville, where he held the position of local preacher 
without orders, showing that these had been withdrawn or 
surrendered. His preaching was preferred by the more edu- 
cated ])eople in our congregations. The relation of local 
preacher he held till the Episcopal disruption in 1834, when 
he sided with his dissatisfied local brethren. He did not» 
however, remain with them many years. He now for a long 
time has sat under the Wesleyan ministry, and several of his 
children are devoted members of the Church. One is the 
worthy companion of an experienced and faithful "Wesleyan 
minister, the Bev. Wm. Coleman, residing in Brighton; and 
his aged companion, one of the old Palatine stock, is also 
alive. May they end their days in peace I 

114. In place of those six brethren from whom we have 
just parted company, seven others came into the work, from 
one source or another, to supply their lack of service. We 
begin at the East, as usual. 

115. The first on our list of new arrivals was a youi^g 
man, we think of New England origin, who was sent to 
range the picturesque banks of the rapid Ottawa, among their 



260 CASE, AND 

then simple, loviDg inhabitants. His youth, his comeliness, 
his pleasing manners, his piety and devotion, joined to his 
precocious ability as a preacher, took amazingly with the 
people. They spoke of him twenty-one years afterwards, 
when the writer traversed the samo interesting ground, with 
rapture. This young man was in after years to be the 
Presiding Elder of various districts, Book- Agent, and Editor, 
and to be President of a College, and to be known as the 
Kev. Dr. Samttsl Luckey. 

116. We do not, however, remember many incidents coo- 
cerning his sojourn in the Ottawa valley, although he was so 
much spoken of, beyond the one connected with poor Hibbard, 
in Brother Hyatt's barn, in the East Settlement, already rela- 
ted ; and one other, which will jserve to show how they had 
to rough it in those days. Mr. Luckey had some business to 
transact in Montreal, and, facilities for travelling not being 
many, he availed himself of the kind offer of Squire Brush, of 
Point Fortune, whose house, though a Presbyterian, was " a 
lodging place for wayfaring men,'' to accompany him in an 
open boat of his that was about to make a voyage to that 
city. On their return, it being late in the fall, they were 
much delayed by stress of weather, by which means their pro- 
visions were quite exhausted, and they suffered much from 
hunger as well as cold. Coming to a landing place at one 
time, Mr. Luckey ran to one of the houses, which were all 
inhabited with French, and asked- for food. And, not being 
acquainted with the French language, to indicate what, he 
wanted, he pointed to his mouth. The Frenchman, thinking 
from the gesture towards his face, and the length of Mr. 
Luckey's beard, arising from want of facilities to perform his 
toilet for some days, that he wanted shaving, with true 
national alacrity and politeness ran and got him his razor ! 




This was asking fbr bread, and receiving somewhat worse 
than a stone. Whether he obtained the bread in the issue 
we did not distinctly learn. But they suffered much in that 
voyage. As he i^ to be appointed once more to the Province, 
we hope to furnish further information concerning this noted 

117. The other two new labourers for Lower Canada, Ste- 
phen SoRNBORGER, appointed to the charge of the Durham 
Circuit, and Joseph Dennett, who labored alone on the 
Stanstead Circuit, did not wntinue^ eitker of ttem, long in 
the work ; and not dying in connection with any Conference, 
if dead, there is no official memorial of them to refer to. Our 
notice of them, therefore, must be short 

118. Sornborger was received on trial in 1807, and appoint- 
ed that year to the Fletcher Circuit in Vermont ; in 1808, he 
laboured on the Brandon Circuit; in 1809» he was ordained 
deacon and sent to Cambridge ; and in 1810 he was sent to 
Charlotte. And now, in 1811, we find him in charge of Ibis 
important Lower Canada Circuit over a very worthy co- 
laborer, Timothy Minor. But, alas, at the end of the year 
he is, returned in the Minutes (for 1812) — ^^ expelled P^ 
What his crime was, whether mora], theological^ or ecclesias- 
tical, we have not the means of informing the reader. What- 
ever it was, the sad close of his ministerial career is another 
admonitory beacon to those who come after. 

119. Joseph Dennett had been a less time in the minis- 
try than Sornborger. He had been received on trial one 
year before coming to Canada, and was that first year ap- 
pointed to Barnard. Though not in orders he is, the year of 
which we write, in charge of the very important Stanstead 
Circuit; and he must have done well, for be had an increase 
of tJUrty^eigTu members. 



252 OASX^ AND 

• 120. 7oBK I^HdBls is the fotutli ni9W nsme whioli appean 
among the ministerial staff for Canada, during the year 
1811-12. His antecedents, given as helow, received the 
imprimatur of the "Conf^ence in connectiopi with which he 
first entered the ministry, and within the honnds of which he 
died, whose members most have known him thoroughly. 

I 121. <' The subject of this notice was bom in Northampton 
.County, Pa., September 17, 1783. His ancestors were of the 
Society of Friends, af d were associated with William Penn in 
settling Pennsylvania. When about twenty years of age, he 
left the home of his parents and became a resident of Carlisle, 
where he became acquainted with and interested in the 
Methodists. In the year 1801, or 1805, he obtained 'peace 
with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,' and subsequently 
attached himself to the Methodist Episcopal Church. Soon 
after his conversion he received the impression that he was 
called to the ministry, but long debated with his ponvictions 
whether he should go forth as a herald of the cross. He 
finally yielded to the impression that he was called of Ood to 
the work of the ministry, and was admitted into the Balti- 
more Conference, at its session held in Georgetown, B. C, 
March, 1808. Immediately after his reception into the Balti- 
more Conference, he was transferred to the Philadelphia Con- 
ference, and appointed to Northumberland Circuit.'' Perhaps 
it was thought a preacher of Quaker parentage would be 
more useful in a QuiUcer State. In 1810 he was ordained 
deacon, and sent to the Seneca Circuit, N. Y., within the 
G^esee Conference. At the beginning of this Conference 
year he was sent to Augusta Circuit in Canadu, where we 
heard him spoken of in the highest terms. 

122. From all we heard in our early travels of Ehodes, 
and firom what we can gather from all sources, be proved, 



' niB cfrmMPfMABJEB* 253 

WUk) bere/ia iiris^> n^ortby, geod man, aad a yety vespeotable 
preiioher. As 'he abode in the Provinoe dariuig its period of 
then approaching trial, he will come in eight fr^uently in onr 
forthcoming ^agea. 

123. QxoRQE WASHiKaTON Densmobe, though Sporting 
finch a formidable name, was a Tery little man, a native of 
the United States, who had been ridceived on trial two years 
before coining to this Provincey namely, in 1809, in the New 
York Conference, and that year appointed to the Cayuga Cir- 
cuit, with Elijah Batohelor as his senior colleague. That 
field of labour must have severely tested the activity and 
endurance of the little man, as the reader will think from the 
following description of it from the pen of one who had pre- 
viously travelled it; — "The Cayuga Circuit extended from 
Lake Ontario on the north to a line near the old turnpike 
running east from Ithaca on the south, and from Cayuga 
Lake on the west to the Cincinnatus Valley on the east. It 
was nearly as large as some modem Conferences, and yet the 
unconquerable energy of two itinerant ministers enabled them 
to make regular visits to all its parts, and preach the Gospel 
to as many of its inhabitants as were willing to hear. To 
accomplish this, extensive forests had to be threaded, without 
the least semblance of roads, and often with no other direc- 
tions for their journey than the marks on the trees. Eivers 
had to be crossed without the help of bridges, mountains 
ascended and descended with neither companion nor guide, 
and suffering and peril in a thousand forms endured without 
human alleviation or support. Added to all this, those itin- 
erants were often reduced to extreme want, from the poverty 
of their brethren and the limited compensation which tbey 
received for their labors. Indeed, the subject of pay did not 
seem to be taken into the account. Tbey lived with the set- 
tlers on the scantiest fare, and suffered with them, for the 



254 CASE, Ain> 

sole purpose of winning them to Christ The reoora of sooh 
examples they hare given as is seldom to be found on the 
page of uninspired history." 

124. Mr. Densmore had labored the year immediately 
preceding this one, namely, during 1810, on the Ontario Cir- 
cuit, in company with two other brethren. This, too, was an 
almost boundless field of labor. At the commencement of tho 
year of which we write, he was ordained deacon, and appointed 
to Ancaster and Long Point, which we have seen was a sort 
of two-fold Circuit He is remembered by the older Metho- 
dists of the country as a mercurial, humorous, little man, 
very playful among children and young persons. He made 
the people laugh out of the pulpit, and weep when he entered 
it He was a gifted, heroic, effective preacher; and being 
unencumbered with family ties, he rendered good service 
while he remained in the Province. We shall see more of him. 

125. Enoch Burdock, or Burdiok (as his relatives spelled 
the name, and as it has always been pronounced in the Pro- 
vince) had been married and settled in the township of Oxford, 
near where Ingersoll now stands, before his conversion. 

126. His wife became a member of the first society formed 
in that township, which was organized by Nathan Bangs 
about the year 1801. Burdick, yet unconverted, was exas- 
perated at his companion being proselyted to the despised 
sect, and wrote an authoritative letter to Mr, Bangs, telliDg 
him to take off her name from his church register. The 
preacher returned the letter, with the admonition under- 
written, ** Prepare to meet thy God, Sinner I '* 

127. What immediate effect this mode of treatment had we 
do not know, but Burdick soon thought and felt differently, 
on the subject of religion himself, and united with the Society. 




The particulars of his conversion we have not learned, but it 
was evidently a clear one, for he soon began to preach ; and 
Mr. Corson, who was his neighbor in after years, pronounces 
him a <' remarkably zealous, popular, and powerful local 
preacher. ** 

128. These gifts were sufficient to recommend him to the 
travelling ministry, despite the burden of a family, and he 
was appointed to Ancaster and Long Point, which western 
division of the Circuit included his home, where it is likely 
his family continued to reside. He was the associate of Mr. 
Densmore, whom we have just introduced to the reader. 

129. As he remained in that Circuit the next year, by the 
time it comes under review, we may have materials to speak 
of the character and success of his ministry at that time. 
Physically he was a great contrast to his diminutive colleague. 
Burdick was above the middling height, and besides he was 
compact, full-chested and heavy. A pleasant, commanding 
voice issued from that deep, broad chest, 

130. Silas Hopkins, the last of the new laborers, unlike 
Burdick, was single and young in years. He was the son of 
a well-to do yeoman of the country. Silas (or ** Sile," as his 
neighbors called him) was a native-born Canadian. His father 
was a godly man, and a gifted ^exhorter in the Methodist 
Church. This young man had piety and zeal, but very slen- 
der ministerial abilities, if the recollections of some of his 
parishioners, who were certainly not very severe critics, were 
not sadly at fault. He is being sent at the commencement 
of his ministry to Detroit^ or Thames, with a colleague able 
and willing to develop anything improvable in him. That 
colleague is the urbane and rather scholarly Ninian Holmes. 
Thus have we introduced ail our new friends for this year to 
the reader. 



;2S6 lias,. AND 

181 • As ^to ibe ohfifi^s ^nd .positions of tho^ laborers, 
Btill in tbe work, wbo had been in this coatf try tbe year before 
this, Mitchel and Scull eidbaoge Gircuiis — Miichel going 
frotn Quebec to Montreal, and Scull going from the latter 
place to the former. But we learn nothing special ef either 
or their work ; only, that Quebec decreases in members, and 
Montreal has an increase. 

132. Edward CoopiR comes ov^r frofm the charge of tho 
St. Lawrence Circuit to a subordinate place on the Bay of 
Quinte, under the fatherly supervision of the Kev. Thomas 
Whitehead. They 'haye an increase of members. 

133. John Reynolds leaves Smith's Greek, and becomes the 
colleague of Rhodes on the Augusta; and Joseph Oatchel 
takes his place on his last year's charge. He was spoken x>f 
many years after by the people in Haldimand as fervent and 
faithful, but very boisterous. Andrew Prindle moves from 
Niagara (where he gives place to Isaac B. Smith,) to succeed 
Oatchel on Yonge Street. 

134. The prospects of the country, and of the cause of reli- 
gion in the country, at the beginning of the Conference year, 
of whibh we write, (1811-12) were flattering, even in the 
judgment of the wisely observant Asbury. Bishop Asbury's 
estimate of tho prospects of Canada will appear from the 
following extract of a letter written by him, dated Sept. 
2nd, 1811, and addressed to the Rev. Joseph Benson, London, 
England. He says: — 

136. *'I never felt as I do now for Upper Canada. I 
visited that patt of the country at the hazard of my life, hav- 
ing travelled eight huTidredmWe^^ with my feet in a high state 
of inflammation. Our prospect?" are great in the Provinces; 
and I must, if possible, extend v .j labors. An overseer among 




US ought to be, as it were, all eye, all ear, that he may rightly 
discharge the various aud important duties of his oflGice." 
The numerical increase for the two Canadas was of a charac- 
ter to intensify the above expectation with regard to the 
Provinces. It was no less than/t;e hundred and seventy-two. 

136. But it is not in the mere matter of numerical increase 
to their own denomination that we must estimate the benefi- 
cial results of the labors of these pious and intelligent men ; for 
although few of them were really scholarly, yet they were all 
in advance of the great bulk of the people in intelligence. 
When this consideration is joined to the fact of their religious 
knowledge and character, their conversation in the several 
families where they sojourned — and, be it remembered, they 
lived among the people — must have been of incalculable ben- 
fit to those families. Their lively and instructive talk at the 
fireside, made their coming anticipated and greeted with the 
liveliest interest. Besides which, they were indefatigable sales- 
men of good books, which they carried about with them in their 
saddle-bags. To this they were impelled, partly by a sense of 
duty and respect to the rule of Conference on that subject, 
and partly by necessity ; for the little profits they made on 
books sold, went to supplement their very small allowances. 
Farther, they had the use of the books themselves, both before 
and after they were sold. Thus their own and the people's 
improvement was promoted. The result of the preachers' 
efforts in this line was that the principal Methodist families 
in the early days were better supplied with standard books in 
theology and religion than similar families are now, — not only 
relatively, but often really. What a boon were these publica- 
tions in the then tardy state of communication with the out- 
Bide world. 

137. As an example of this tardiness we may remark^ thac 



£58 CASE, AND 

the ''York Gazette," (the only paper then published west 
of Kingston) for November 13th, 1811, now lies before the 
writer, a coarse, flimsy, two-leaved paper, of octavo size. 
The department of " news " is pretty large, but ** news much 
older than their ale." On this, November the 13th, they 
have, wonderful to say I New York dates so late as October 
the 23rd ; Charleston, of October the 1st ; Philadelphia and 
Boston, of October the 19th ; and a greater exploit still, Hali- 
fax dates of October the 9th ; Baltimore dates of October the 
22nd ; and they have even London (England) dates so recenl" 
as September the 20th I 

138. Such as those above mentioned were the activities 
and prospects of Methodism in Canada at the close of 1811. 
Alas, that they were destined, not only to be obscured, but 
greatly retarded for a time by the fell demon of War. 

139. We are sorry that the plan we have imposed on our- 
selves, leaves us no method of marking, by some prominent 
and noticeable caption, the period upon which we are now 
entering — a period of three years duration, in which Canada 
was left pretty much to her own ministerial resources, under 
the direction of Mr. Byan — namely. The time of the un- 
happy AND unnatural WAR OF 1812 BETWEEN GrBAT 

Britain and the United States, which continued two 
years and six months; during which period Methodism in 
Canada was not reported in the American Minutes, which are 
the principal guide in an inquiry such as ours. 

140. The Genesee Conference was appointed to meet at the 
dose of the ecclesiastical year, 1811-12, namely :— On July 
the 23rd, 1812, at Niagara, in Upper Canada, by which we 
are to understand *' Warner's Meeting-house,'* near St. 
David's; but as the declaration of war by the American 
Congress was publbhed the 18th of the preceding month, 




which itself had been preceded by one act of hostility, the 
bishops and preachers of the American division of the Con- 
ference thought best not to cross the line ; but they turned 
aside to Lyons, where the Genesee Conference was organized 
two years before, and held the session there. 

-^ 141. None of the brethren laboring on the Canada side, 
most of whom were British subjects, went over. It is proba- 
ble, althbugh we are not certain, that they met at the place 
appointed, where some sort of deliberations would take place. 
The main body of the Conference, with the bishops in their 
midst, made the appointments, as usual, for both sides of the 
line. And it is worthy of remark, that this year the Lower 
Canada District returned to its former place in this Confer- 
ence. Nor was the Canada work any more parcelled out 
among different American Conferences — ^unless, indeed, the 
two border Circuits. 

142. We will now give a list of the Stations for 1812-13, 
that it may be seen who of the brethren remained in their 
ranks after the smoke and din of battle had passed away :— 


Henry By an, Presiding Elder 
Augitsta-— John Bhodes, Edward Cooper, Silas Hopkins* 
Bay of Quinte — Isaac B. Smith, John Reynolds. 
Smith's (7reeA?— Thomas Whitehead. 
Yonge Street-Joseph Gatchel. 
Niagara — Andrew Prindle, Ninian Holmes. 

Ancaster and Long Point — Enoch Burdock, Peter Coven- 

Detroit — Gteorge W. Densmore. 


Nathan Bangs, Presiding Elder. 
Montreal — Nathan Bangs 




Quebec-^Thomss Burcb. 

Ottawa — Robert HIbbard. 

Sc. Francis River — Samuel Luokey, J. F. Chamberlain. 


DunhamS. L, Addoms, Wm. Koss. 
Stanstead — Leonard Bennett. 

143. Seven of tbe above were veritable British sttbjeotg. 
Byan and Cooper were Irish. Hopkins, Reynolds, Holmes, 
and Covenhoven, may be written Canadians. Whitehead was 
bom in the old Colonies, if not a U. E Loyalist. Besides 
which, Burch, having been bom in Ireland, was constitution- 
ally a British suhject. 

144. From the above list of Stations, the reader will miss 
two names with which he has become somewhat familiarized 
— these are Joseph Scull and James Mitchel, who had alter- 
nated in the two principal cities of Lower Canada— Montreal 
and Quebec — for the two previous years, of whom we must 
give some account, 

145. Scull went back to the Philadelphia Conference, 
whence he first came to our country, and received a station 
on the Talbot Circuit, as one of the colleagues of John Emory, 
who afterwards became a Bishop. The next year (1813) he 
appears among the superannuated; and in 1814, he located 
altogether — we opine marriage was the cause. We have 
learned nothing further concerning this " nice young man." 

146. James Mitchel also returned to the Philadelphia Con- 
ference, which had been his starting point also, and received 
an appointment for the succeeding three years. The next 
(1815) he likewise appears among the "located." We can 
trace him no farther. These brethren may have returned to 
the work in after years, but the research to find out whether 
they did or not, would not be repaid by the discovery. 




147. We also miss Joseph Dennett, who went back to the 
United States, and received an appointment at Barre, in the 
New England Conference, and the next year (1814) he fol- 
lowed Scall and Mitchel into the local ranks. We have 
neither learned nor inqaired farther concerning him. 

148. We are now entering on a sort of non^historic period, 
where we have to grope our way as best we can. When Hie 
stations are pubh'shed again for 1815, we miss from the roll 
of the Genesee Conference the following names, which were 
enrolled among the travelling preachers for Canada in the 
appointments for July, 1812, namely : — Edward Cooper, Silas 
Hopkins, Isaac B. Smith, John Reynolds, Joseph Gatchel^ 
Ninian Holmes, Enoch Bardock, and Peter Covenboven. It 
is a matter of laudable curiosity to see what became of them. 

149. We take them up in the order in which they have 
been placed. Edward Cooper was appointed to Augusta, 
with John Ebodes and Silas Hopkins. How long he con- 
tinued to travel we know not, but we are certain he did not 
hold on through the whole of the war-time. He had been 
received into full connexion at the Conference in July, 1812, 
and elected to deacon's orders ; but as he could not reach the 
seat of Conference, he never received ordination. About the 
second year of the war he was found in Elingston, in a back- 
slidden state, pursuing the business of a pedlar, but still with 
a warm side to Methodism, by George Ferguson, who will 
soon come into notice, and to whom Cooper showed himself 
Tery kind. Alas ! poor, impulsive Irishman, we know not the 
cause of thy fall, nor thy ultimate fate. 

150. Silas Hopkins was the colleague of Cooper at the 
beginning of the war, but the precise time of his desisting 
from travelling we are not informed. He is, in 1812, among 
those who remain on trial, and it is certain he was never 



0A8S, AND 

received into fall oonoGxion. He probably rendered some 
sort of service the most of the war- time. He is now on the 
Augusta Circuit, but some of the Bay of Quinte people 
informed the writer that he labored on that Circuit about their 
period — ^perhaps, during 1813-14* They represented him as 
a very weak preacher, scarcely to be tolerated, and that he 
returned home to his father soon after. He, however, con- 
tinued a local preacher (and lived somewhere about or above 
Burford) till the Episcopal disruption, when he went off witfa^ 
the brethren who organized that body. He maintained 
religion, we believe, till his dying day. 

151. Isaac B. Smith, also, must be reported among the 
'^ missing" from the Conference roll at the close of the war. 
He located in Canada, and probably lived somewhere in the 
Niagara country. The cause of his retirement is unknown. 
Probably he and another brother who had dropped into the 
local ranks during the war, though they remained in the 
country, being of American origin, did so partly because they 
felt the awkwardness of thmr position. As he resumed hie 
place in ilie itinerant ranks in after years, he will come into 
notice again. 

152. John Beynolds was appointed to the Bay of Quinte 
Circuit with Smith at the beginning of the war, and certainly 
continued to labor there duribg a part of that struggle, for 
both he and others left that impression on the writer's mind 
in conversation on the subject He did not, however, hold on 
quite through that stormy period. The disposal of his case 
is not accounted for in the Minutes of the Conference of which 
he was a member. He, therefore, seems to have discontinued 
like the rest, somewhat irregularly. The Bev. Ezra Adams 
Bays he located in 1814. He had received Deacon's 
orders, but for some reason he had not received Elder's 




orders. He received these last as a local minister, twelve 
years after. 

153. He settled first in the front of Sidney, and taught ft 
school near where his father-in-law, Mr. Caleb Gilbeft, an old 
Methodist of wealth and respeetability, resided. Next, he com- 
menced trading with the Indians for furs in the back woods, 
in which it is thought that for a time he forgot himself a little. 
He afterwards established a shop in Belleville, where he 
became in after years a snccessful and wealthy merchant. He 
was influential and useful in a local sphere, preaching a great 
many funeral sermons, and sometimes acting as the Eeoording 
Steward of the Circuit till 1834, when he beaded the local 
preachers who organized the body now known a6 the ** Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church in Canada,** and became their first 
Bishop. He did not, however, travel at large. His death 
coincided very nearly in point of time with that of our princi- 
pal subject, Mr. Case, to whom in former years he had been 
ardently attached. Let us hope that they met in heaven. 

154. Joseph Gatchell is another in the list of those who 
cannot be found among the itinerants on either side of the 
line in 1815. He may probably be placed in the same cate- 
gory with Smith, locating partly, perhaps, on account of the 
suspicion that would attach itself to him as a native born 
citizen of the United States. He did not, however, retire till 
"wild war's deadly blast" was nearly "blown;" for Mr. 
Adams says "he was travelling in 1814, when Eeynolds 
located." After his location, he settled at the Thirty on a 
rented farm, and then he bought a little one of his own — Mr. 
Playter says, — " on the Dundas Street." As he resumed 
travelling again after some years, he will come under the 
reader's eye on a future page. 

155. Ninian Holmes is the next in order among those who 



264 CASE* AND 


appeared not in the Minutes of 1815. He stands for the 
Niagara Circuit in the published Stations of 1812 ; but as 
Densmore, who was to have succeeded him on the Detroit, or 
Thames* Circuit, remoTed scmietime that year to the States, 
and certainly never went to his appointed charge, it is likely 
Mr. Holmes remained in that western country, in which he 
was the only Methodist Minister, and which he supplied with 
the word and ordinances of God till he was superseded by^' 
Mr. Hickock in 1815. 

156. Mr. H. had married in that country — his wife was a 
Miss Newkirk — and he remained there in the position of a 
local minister, in which capacity he was undoubtedly popular. 
He owned a little farm, but he followed the occupation of 
school -teaching, in which he excelled. He was greatly beloved 
by his pupils, who, to use the expression of one who had lived 
there, ** would give their eyes for him.'' Nor did he cease to 
be useful as a minister. The intinerants on the Circuit were 
not always in full ministerial orders, and Mr. H. dispensed 
the ordinances to the people. He also rendered himself of 
great service to the raw young preachers who were sent upon 
the Circuit, by assisting them in their studies ; but for him^ 
some of them would not have known their own language 
grammatically. In a word, his whole career was of such a 
character as to win the mode of universal approval from both 
preachers and people. 

157. Alas, that his friends and the country should so soon 
have lost him I He died in 1829, in the prime of life, being 
at his demise only forty-four years of age. We copy the fol- 
lowing estimate of his character, and particulars concerning 
his Jeath, from the pen of the Rev. Egerton Ryerson, 
then Editor of the Christian Guardian: — "We have 
received a memoir of the Rev. Ninian Holmes, a pleasing and 




liighly respectable clergyman of the Methodist Churcli of 
Baleigh, Eiver Thames, U. C. It is too long to give without 
abridgement. We therefore present our readers with the fol- 
lowing extracts, which will give them an interesting but im- 
perfect account of one of the most amiable and useful men 
that the mysterious dispensation of a wise Providence has 
removed from us. 

158. " Speaking of him as a school teacher, in which im- 
portant department he spent upwards of fifteen years, his 
biographer remarks : — ^ The pious deportment of our brother 
had a strong tendency to recommend the religion of die 
Saviour to the children committed to his care, several of whom 
have left the world, and there is good reason to believe they 
are with Christ ; others are travelling the narrow way. As a 
minister of Christ, his manner was easy and natural, and in 
the pulpit remarkably solemn. Much impressed himself with 
his awful charge, he rarely failed to infuse the same spirit 
into the minds of his hearers. He possessed a remarkable 
faculty of arresting attention — not so much by the splendor 
of his style, as by bringing them into the immediate presence 
of God. His ideas were generally clear, and so well arranged 
that the mind was not fatigued in following him.* " His 
biographer ascribes to him the possession of a knowledge of 
French and Greek, as well as a thorough English educatiop. 
" He had largely explored the fields of natural and moral 
philosophy, but made all his studies subservient to religion. 
As a man and a Christian, his manners were engaging. 

169. "Mysterious are the ways of Providence. Sur- 
rounded by a numerous circle of friends and acquaintances, 
together with an interesting family, consisting of a wife and 
eight children, the eldest of whom had not completed his 
eighteenth year \ much beloved by his brethren, and enjoying 




266 OASi, AII0 

the boofidenoe of his feUow citizens, insomuch that even the 
infidel himself had appointed him an executor; and with 
a prospect of continued usefulness in the Church, it pleased 
Qod to remoTe him as it w^re with a stroke. 

160. '* On Sehhath he attended a Quarteriy Me^iksg witb 
th6 AMcan brethren, at the sit^s of the town of Chatham, 
where he preached from Matthew v. 16, administered the 
Lord's Sapper, and walked home in the evening aJbout five 
miles^ to all appearanoes enjoying an unusual d^pree of health. 
Upon Monday he attended his school; in the evening ate 
stpper with the flsimily, and conversed cheerfaliy as usual. 
Afber family worship he retired to hed ; and while he knelt at 
prayer he appeared to enjoy a peculiar manifestation. In a 
eholrt time after he lay down, he compkdned of an unusual 
preiBSure in the head^ and after a little raised bimadf up and 
vdmited. He spoke but a Rew words afber, and about three 
o'clock the next morning he ceased to breathe. A piiysician 
who was called pronounced it apoplexy. His temporal and 
fipiritual concerns were so well arrai^ed, that he had nothing 
to do but to die.'' Thus terminated the career of one ci 
the purest, most amiable, and best qualified of Canada's 
early Gospel laborers. 

161. The Rev. GJeorge Young, Wesleyab Minister, Mr. 
Holmes's son in law, says to the writer in a letter, '* His 
tomb in the old church-yard, Dalson's neighborhood, near 
Chatham, C. W., bears the following inscription : — * In 
memory of the Rev. Ninian Holmes, who died May the 
5th, 1829, aged 44 years. As a Minister of the ciospel, 
his talents were peculiar^ in the exercise of which he dis- 
played lively a£fection and deep concern to promote the 
happiness of man. Consequently his labours were approved 
and blest This small monument is erected by the voluntary 




subscription of a numbisr of persons, who, deeply regretting 
the loss of so valuable a Minister, desire to perpetuate his . 
memory. ^ Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord.' ** 

162. We take up another o^ the class under consideration, 
Enoch Burdock, or Burdick, must not be confbunded with his 
brother, the Rev. Caleb Burdick, who lived in the same 
r^ion of country — first at Long Point, and after some years 
removed to the township of Maiahide, where he resided till his 
death, which occurred so lately as July 2, 1858, who, it is 
said, sometimes travelled, (stopping some of the numerous 
gaps in the MiAutes, which we now know not how to fill up,) 
and who was admitted, after the period of which we write, to 
orders as a local deacon by Bishop George. This second Mr. 
Burdick was the father of the wif^ *of the Bev. Samuel Hose's 
youth, who went early to God. To which of these belongs 
the honour of leadiog our distinguished Canadian orator, 
William Ryerson, to Christ, we are not sure. Some ascribe 
it to one,. and some to the other. We are sure it was one or 
the other, Mr. Caleb Burdick will come into view again, at 
present we are concerned with Enoch. 

163. How long Enoch Burdick continued to travel after 
the war began, we have not ascertained precisely. The ap- 
pointments for 1812 leave hir on the Ancaster and Long 
Point Circuit, on the western member of which he most prob- 
ably resided. The Rev. Ezra Adams, who will soon come 
into sight, says in a letter to the author, *• I found Burdick 
located in Oxford," (his original home) in 1814," that was 
the second year of the war. He seems never to have removed 
from that home, till he removed finally to the United States 
at the close of the war. Some accounts say he itinerated in 
that country, others that he remained in a local sphere. A 
relative by marriage savs he settled near Buflklo, N. Y. He 



268 CASE, AND 

came over to Canada, his spiritual birthplace, in 1820, and 
preached in several places in the country with powe:ful effect. 
Farther we cannot trace this good man and good preacher. 
We know where goodness receives its reward. 

164. Peter Conoveb, we think from all that can be learned, 
desisted pretty early in the course of the war. He married and 
settled in the township of Trafalgar, near the Eiver Credit, 
where he followed the occupation of fanning, and where he 
continued to reside till he died. He was much esteemed 
among those who knew him. For a time he preached as a 
local preacher. During a good many of the last years of his 
life he was, if we mistake not, scarcely r^arded as a preacher 
at all. But he remained a member of the main central body 
of Methodists to the last His ruling passion was shown in 
death, by bequeathing a liberal sum to Wesleyan Missions. 
His early affection for Elder Case was not forgotten. He 
died without issue. His relict, we believe, is yet alive, and 
resident near Oakville. Peace to the memory of lowly Peter 
Oonover I 

165. Beside those who located in Canada, whose cases we 
have considered, G. W. Densmore, N. Bangs, S. Luckey, J. 
F. Chamberlain, and Robert Hibbard require to be accounted 
for. To this task we now address ourselves. 

166. The case of George Washington Densmore seems a 
little difficult of elucidation, the accounts of it are so conflict- 
ing. It is morally certain he went not to his appointment on 
the Thames, which was supplied by Holmes's remaining there ; 
and it is positively certain that his name appears in the Min- 
utes of the Genesee Conference for 1813, as appointed to the 
Broom Circuit, Oneida District, of which Mr. Case was then 
the Presiding Elder. The Rev. John Ryerson,who although 
not a member of the Church till after the war, obtained early 




^formation of sucn matters, says "that Densmore availed 
himself of the Governor's proclamation, granting American 
citisens a free egress out of the Province, and left for the 
United States." The Rev, Ezra Adams, however, who b^n 
to labor on a Circuit in 1814, says in a letter to us, <' I think 
that Densmore travelled the year out, and part of 1813.'' 
Since writing the above, we have found a published letter of 
the late Kev. Andrew Prindle, who itinerated in the Province 
through the war, in which he says, ** Mr. Densmore left ia 
181% under the proclamation, as an alien.'' 

167. We incline to the opinion that he remained in 
the Province during a part of the war-time for the 
following reasons: — First, because of the incident picked 
up and recorded by the Rev. Jas. Hughes: "Some weeks 
ago, inquiring of Father Van Norman about the past, he said, 
* Come, and I will show you the spot where Peter Vannest 
lodged for a night between two pine trees, having lost his way 
in the forest, — of course I looked at the spot, but how 
changed ! the wilderness has become a fruitful field, and the 
then trackless forest has the Great Western Railroad passing 
within a few rods of the spot where the pine trees sheltered 
Yannest for a night. He then asked me if I had known G« 
W. Densmore ? I replied in the negative, but that I had seen 
his name in the early Minutes of Conference. Well, he was 
travelling on horse-back, at the commencement of the war of 
1812, through the lonely paths of those days, when he was 
suddenly accosted by an Indian, who looked sharply in his 
face with the ominous words, 'You be Yankee,* then laying 
his hand heavily on his thigh, and feeling of it, said, * You be 
good to eat* However, George Washington Densmore was al- 
lowed to esc{^)e being made a cannibal feast, but though the 
interview did not terminate his mortal life, yet it did his min- 



970 CASE, AXIJ> 

U^9l cftvei^ iu Canada, as he sought and obtained an oppor« 
tttoity, without unnecessary delay, of returning to the United 
States.'' We incline to the opinion that he stayed awhile» 
also, for the folbwing reason, the Minutes give him only two 
Canadian Circuits, the Ancaster, &c., and the Detroit, or 
Thames; and yet the writer is oertain that he heard of 
bis labors in the Bay of Quinte country, about Belleville, on 
both sides of the Bay ; and he thinks the people told him it 
was war time. He might easily have gone on for a time in a 
place like that, so remote from the lines, although an Ameriean 
citizen. He is remembered in Sidney and Ameliasburgh as 
a very lively and pushing man, who would cross the Bay in 
any sort of a craft that offered sooner than miss his appoint- 
ments. Once he and two of the sons of '^ Father Gilbert^" 
Stephen and Caleb, received a ' ducking ' by the upsetting 
of their canoe ] an accident that was mostly owing to Mr. 
Densmore's own playfulness. The boys liked his company, 
how much soever, they may, or t^may not have been edified 

168. From the period of Mr. Densmore's return to the 
States, till the organization of the Oneida Conference, into 
which he fell upon that event, he labored on the Wyoming^ 
Lebanon, Manlius, Chenango, Cayuga, Homer, Marcellus, 
Oswega and Fabius Circuits. His remaining itinerimt 
labors were bestowed on the Fabius, Manlius, Cayuga, and 
Dauby Circuits. In 1836, after about twentyrsix years of 
toiliQthe Qospel jGlell, the little man located, to shift for 
himaelf a9 best be could, without connexional aid, during 
his deolining years. How he fared after hfs itinerant 
labors closed, we regret exceedingly that we have never 
learned* The B*eT« Dr. Peck pronounces him, while in the 
efieGtive ranks, ^a working man, and successful $ an 




eloquent and powerful preacher,*' and says that " the work 
prospered upon his charges." 

169. As to the case of Nathan 6angs» Samuel Lackey^ 
and J. F. Chamberlain, it is explained by one of the three, 
the Rev. Br. Luckey, in a letter to Dr. Bang's biographer, 
**Mr. Asbury found it difficult to get men to supply the 
work in Canada, in consequence of the thwatened rupture 
between the United States and England. Rev. J. Seull, 
preacher at Quebec, and Eev. J. Mitchell, at Montreal, 
declined returning to Canada. Mr. Samson, the Presiding 
Elder, had left his work and never retumed Co it Oon- 
sidering Canada as Missionary ground, Mt. Asbiry wpuld not 
appoint any but volunteers to it ; and under ihe oircum^tan- 
ees he found it difficult to get any to volu9<<eer. Kev« T- 
Burch, who was a British subject^ agreed to go to Quebec* 
Seeing the reluctance of others, Dr. Bangs, aftu deoliniiig the 
cSdT of the appointment, raagnanimoufily volunteered io fill 
the other vacancy at Montreal. This was a noble example to 
men of inferior claims. He had reached a position which 
would secure io him any one of the best appointments in the 
States. But with this justly-merited position* he surrendered 
all claim to a piivileg^d appointment, in order to meet tbe call 
of the work where others refused to go« He was accordingly 
appointed to Llontreal, with the charge of the I/ower jCaqada 
District. The preachers appointed to that field wore at Mon- 
treal, Nathan Bangs; Qudbeq, Thomas Burch; Ottawa, Bohert 
Hibbard ; St Francis Eiver, Samuel Luckey and J. iJ'. Cham- 
berlain. But none of these were able to reach their appoint- 
ments except Hibbard and Burch. The former was drowned 
soon after in attempting to cross the St. Lawrence, and the 
latter took charge of the Church in Montreal, being protected 
as a subject of the British Government. Luckey an4 Cham- 
berlain, being unable to cross the line with safety* found 



272 CASE, AND 

omployment in the regular work in Vermont, within the New 
England Conference. Dr. Bangs from the same impediment, 
found himself far separated from his associates, and without a 
definite field of labor. He did not remain idle, however. 
He was employed by the Presiding Elder on Croton Circuit, 
where he did efFeotive service." 

170. The failure of Mr. Bangs to reach his appointment 
was a great loss to Canada ; during his absence from this coun- 
try he had proved himself a superior man as a preacher, 
administrator of the discipline, ecclesiastical legislator, find 
writer in defense of Methodism. Had he entered the province 
again, he would have been likely to have remained, as 
it was the home of his wife and his own spiritual birth- 
place; in which event, the gain to Canadian Meth- 
odism would have been of incalculable importance. His 
subsequent career is fisimiliar to all who are acquainted 
with the history of American Methodism, it being inti- 
mately connected with the rise and progress of the Metho. 
dist Episcopal Church. He afterwards became Presiding 
Elder, Book Agent, Editor of Connexional Journals, President 
of Middletown University, and only just escaped being a 
Bishop. ^ The last entry but one in his journal was made on 
his birth-day. He wrote m a very legible hand, 'May, 2, 
I860, This day I am eighty-two years of age. My health 
and strength have much improved within two or three years 
past, for which I desire to praise God. My peace flows like 
a river, and I feel contented with my lot in the word.' *' He 
passed triumphantly away in the month of April of the fol- 
lowing year. One of his joyous utterances was expressed la 
the following poetic lines : 

" The promised land, from Pisgah's top, 

" I now exult to see, 
" My hope is fu 1 (0 glorious hope,) 




171. J. F. Ghambbblain's case, as he never labored in the 
country at all, we may dispose of in a very few lines. He 
stood connected with the New York Conference, into which 
he had only been received on trial. In 1813 he turns up in 
the New England Conference. At the end of that year he 
was r^eived into full connexion, and stationed at Athens ; 
in 1815 at Vienna; in 1816 at Portsmouth; in 1817 he 
received Elder's orders, and was stationed at Scarboro' ; 
in 1818 at Poland. At the end of that year he located. 
We have not looked to see whether he ever returned or not^ 
He was a mediocre preacher. 

172. Rev. Samuel Lucket, D.D., is yet alive^ and hold- 
ing an effective relation, we think, to the East Genesee 
Conference. He, therefore, scarcely yet belongs to history. 
This canon of literary propriety, however, would not have 
restrained us from giving the particulars of his course since 
1812, if we had not been disappointed in getting materials 
for a worthy presentation of it. Suffice it to say, that he 
has adorned his ministerial office ; has been in labors abun- 
dant ; has won academic honors ; and has been City Pastor, 
Presiding Elder, Principal of an Academy, and Connexional 
Editor. We shall, before our work is ended, have to intro- 
duce him once more to the readers, when we hope to give 
forther particulars. 

173. Robert Hibbabd's melancholy fate has been referred 
to. He had labored the two preceding years along the St« 
Francis River, where he had accomplished much good, 
and where, among others, a young man was converted under 
his ministry, who came to the assistance of the work in Upper 
Canada before the war was over, whose acquaintance the 
reader will make presently. He was this year changed to 

die Ottawa. His Circuit being a long way from the lines 




274 €ASS, AND 

he was not distnrbed by '' the Fade jdarms of wi^ng war.'* 
He pnrsiied bis appEOjMriate Circuit wcnrk till the moiUh of 
Oetdberj wden, heariag that the 3t. Frands CUrcait was 
vacafltyin whicih he felt a great interest, from the fact tht^ he 
had orgaoized it, aini had m&uj spiritual childreu th^re, and 
feeling; it is said, a great attachment to the locality, as being 
the abode of one for whom be cherished a still more tender 
regard, he projected a visit to his friends in that* vicinity. 
This lady, who received a letter of coDdolence from poor 
Hibbard*ii mother, is still alive, though very aged. 

174. He started on the 7th of October. ** On his way, 
in the Biver St. Lawrence, some distance below Montreal, 
he was unfortunately drowned in attempting to cross the 
ferry, on the lOth of October, 1812. His horse escaped to 
the iihore, but the last that was seen of him, be was sinking 
with his arms extended towards heaven. The most dili- 
gent seardi was made for his body, but it could not be 

175. '^ Before he set out on his intended visit, and on 
his way, he appeared to have a presentiment of his approach- 
ing dissolution ; he was unusually serious and solemn, and 
spoke much upon the nearness of death, and the great 
necessity of being always ready, as also of his pleasing hope 
of heaven. With these views, feelings, and sentiments, 
he entered the watery grave, to rise again to glorious immor- 
tality at the last day." So far the Minutes ; further par- 
ticulars we never learned. Since writing the above, the 
author has been to the St. Francis country, and learned from 
an aged Methodist, Mr. Fowler, that it was in the Eichilieu 
Biver that he was drowned ; and that the body of a drowned 
man, supposed to foe his, was found after some time, and 
buried by a person employed by his friends. It was a ^reat 




blow to the Ottawa fnends, who moornod him as .an oqly 
son. This tragic death closes the account of tho^e whg 
disappeared from the list of Canadian iat)orers during 
the war, 

1T6. Besides those mentioned, who properly stood aaao- 
eiated with one or other of the two Canada DisirictSy W9 
have to say that the appointee to on^ of the two border 
Circuits, Stanstead, we incidentally learn, went not to his 
charge, so that it had to be supplied by temporary provialoi^ 
from this side of the lines. The preacher re&rred to was 
Leonard Bennett. Although he never labored in Canada 
at ally yet as bis name appears in connection with it, and bh 
it is natural to feel curious to know somewhat about him, 
we propose doing for him what we did for Mr. Chamberlain 
in similar circumstances, especially as it is made easy by a 
short memoir contained in the Minutes, which we adopt. 

177. '^ Leonard Bennbtt was bom in Dublin, Ireland, 
June 16th, 1786; horn i^ain, June 16thy 1806 ^ landed in 
America, June 16th, 1807; and joined the Methodist 
travelling ministry, June 16tb, 1810. His sod, who vm 
with him in his last sickness, says that it w;8fi shout and dls- 
tressbg. For seyeral weeks before Ins last siekness he 
endured* much bodily fatigue and metital excitement in 
attending and watching over his bdoyed consort, in what 
was considered at that time her last sickness* The com- 
mencement of his disease was a bilious, intermittent fever, 
which terminated in congestion of the bowels, producing 
mOTtification. He was not considered to be in a dangerous 
condition until twenty-four hours before his death. He 
was, however, resigned to his fate, and felt himself res^dy 
to meet his summons, let it come when it might. At the 
time he was received into the New England Cen&rence 



276 CASB, AND 

1810, the ^ole, or nearly the whole, of New England, was 
embraced in the field of his labors. He was stationed in 
Unity, N. H. ; in 1811, Bridgewater, N. H.; 1812, Stanstead, 
Loioer Canada, but did not go to his appointment because 
of the war with England; 1813 and 1814, Scarborough, 
Maine; 1815, Poland, Maine ; 1816 and 1817, Afhburnham, 
Mass.; 1818 and 1819, Toland, Conn.; 1820 and 1821, 
^Wellfleet, Mass.; 1822, Chatham; 1823, Fairhaven ; 1824 
and 1825, Provincetown ; 1826, Salisbury, Mass.; 1827 and 
1828, Salem, N. H.; 1829 and 1830, Popland; 1831, 
Bochester; 1832, Pembroke, N. H.; and at the following 
Conference, he was placed among the superannuated, which 
relation to the connexion he sustained till taken to his reward. 
In 1841, he removed to the state of Illinois, and thence to 

178. Perhaps in this connection, before we proceed to 
consider the management of the work in the two Canada 
Districts proper, we had better dispose of the ease of the 
other border Circuit, Dunham, and the laborers upon it. 
It seems to have been exempt, for a time at least, from those 
results of a state of war which accrued to other parts of 
the Canada work. We have seen that two brethren were 
appointed at the beginning of the war to this Circuit, John 
T. Addoms and Wm. Boss, who for a time were allowed 
to work without interruption. A word or two with regard 
to each of these ministers, who seem to have supplied Stan- 
stead as well lis Dunham Circuit. 

179. John T. Addoms had been received on trial in tlio 
New York Conference, one year before our present date^ 
(1811,) and had labored that year on the Malone Circuit 
not far from our Province line. He stayed out the year 
1812-13, in the Dunham Circuit. He was also appointed 




to it for the next ConfereDce year, (1813-14) and remained 
that likewise for aught we know to the contrary. 

180. William Eoss was a promising young man, who 
had juBt been received on trial, also in the New York 
Conference. His official obituary Bays, **.He was bom 
February 10th, 1792, in Thyringham, Mass. In his seven- 
teenth year he was brought to a knowledge of the truth, and 
in his twentieth year he entered the ministry. Mr. Boss 
was a man of great modesty and diffidence ; of talents, as a 
minister of Christ, above mediocrity; and he frequently 
delivered the truths of the Grospel with great eloquence 
and effect" 

181. The Rev. Dr. Fetch Reed, who travelled on the 
Dunham Circuit a few years after the war was over, says, 
that ** with the exception of two or three appointments in 
Vermont, the Circuit lay almost wholly within Lower Can- 
ada." It was, however, partly in both countries. It seems 
that by a sort of convention between the people and authori- 
ties on the two sides of the line, which is here not a natural 
but a conventional boundary, things religious were allowed 
to proceed much as they had done in times of peace. Mr^ 
Addoms, we have seen, was permitted to labor on two years 
without disturbance. Mr. Ross was less fortunate, being 
forced by the following event, which is narrated by Dr* 
Reed, to remove before the first year was ended. 

182. Here is the Doctor^s account of the matter : — ** That 
precious man of God, Wm. Ross, who died in holy triumph 
while yet iu the flush of earlj manhood, was on the Circuit in 
1812, when war was declared by the United States against 
Great Britain. He was allowed to prosecute his work for 
some time, without molestation from any one. Preaching one 
evening in the town of Stanbridge, where was a large society 



278 CA8E» AND 

of strict Calvinistio Baptists, lie discassed the question of 
the potnbUity of falling from grace. In answer to the fro 
qnent assertion that, though a Christian roight fall away for a 
time, he could not die till he was restored, he replied, " In 
that case, sin is a sure preservative of life ; and if jou would 
furnish me^ith an army of five thousand backslidden ChriS' 
Hans, and they could be kept /rem praying^ I could conquer 
the world ; for no bullet could touch them as long as they could 
be kept from prayer.'' This his Baptist hearers did not at all 
relish, and the next day some of them reported him to the 
commanding officer of the district, affirming that Mr. Boss 
had declared, in a public congregation, that with five thousand 
troops he could easily conquer all Canada. This of course 
was not to be allowed. Shortly after, the officer waited on the 
preacher and informed him that be must either take the oath 
of alliance, or at once pass beyond the lines. He chose the 
latter. This reminds me of a singular feature of the country 
^ich I noticed as I passed around the Circuit, and which I 
could not at first account for. Yery frequently I observed 
small clearings of from ^\q to ten or fifteen acres, entirely 
overgrown with weeds and bushes. I learned afterwards that 
they had formerly been occupied by families from tlie States, 
left to begin the world anew elsewhere. These fi^rsaken homes 
belonged to persons who, when the war commenced, were 
required to swear allegiance to the government or leave the 
Prorinee. They were very numerous, and gave to the 
country a very desolate appearance." 

183. The same writer shows in the following extract, some- 
what how matters were managed during that critical period : 
*^ I was told of an interesting incident, perhaps worth relating, 
which occurred on the dividing line between Vermont and 
Canada, during the war of 1812. As is usual at such times, 




the practice ot smuggling was carried on by both parties, and 
great quantities of contraband goods passed to and fro, in 
spite of vigilant, keen-eyed officials. To facilitate in some 
way this unlawful businesB, a large buildiog was erected directly 
upon the national Mne, ap &r as might be from the nsual 
rentes of travel. The idea was cone^ved and carried into ex- 
ecution of holding a Qoartedy Meeting in this building, to 
accommodate brethr^i in Gao^a, who by the war had been 
cut off from their accustomed public means of grace. Here 
they could meet and worship with t^eir Yankee brethren, withr 
out leaving their own territory. A large company assembled in 
the house — the Yankees on tjie south ade of the line, and tiie 
Canadians on the n<M:th — and yet In a compact congr^ation. 
The Presiding Elder was the Bev. Samuel Draper, an earnest, 
wide-awake man," and one with a tender remembrance of 
Canada. " He and the Circuit preachers were present, and 
such a season of refreshing had not often been enjoyed. No 
one crossed the line, yet they passed very closely on botli 
sides, and never was there a heartier hand-shaking than on 
that occasion — nominal belligerents, but real, heartfelt friends 
and brethren. The Love-feast, I judge, was a great occasion 
— one that could not be forgotten." The author, in a late 
visit to the Eastern Townships, learned that the ruins of 
several of these receptacles for smuggling goods are still 

184. Although what was called a four-weeks' Circuit when 
the war b^an-r-^that is, a Circuit for two laborers — it does not 
appear that more than on€ continued to labor upon it after 
Mr. Koss' removal Only Mr. Addoms was appointed in 
1813. We suspect affairs became more embroiled as the war 
continued ; hi at the Conference of 1814, Dunham does not 
appear on the list of Circuits in the Minutes ; and the Canada 



280 CASE, AND 

part of it was left lo be provided for by the Presiding Elder 
on this side, or to shift for itself. Perhaps some light will 
penetrate this obscurity as we proceed. 

185. Before turning to the main part of the Canada work, 
the reader will expect some account of the after-course of 
Messrs. Addoms and Ross, with ^hom we now part com- 
pany. The story of the former, Mr. Addoms, is soon told. 
He is returned located in the Minutes of the New York 
Conference for 1815. Most likely his labors had been 
interrupted by the war before the Conference year, 1814*-15, 
was expired, and that he turned his attention to some 
business for his support, ivhich he did not find it convenient 
to leave. Addoms was iVom Middlebury, in Yt., and so 

, demonstrative as to be called '' Crazy Adams.'' We inquire 
no further concerning him. 

186. Of Mr. Boss we have a better account, and fuller 
data ] for he died in the work, although, alas, he died young. 
We shall hereafter find that he did not lose interest in the 
field of his Canada labor. The Minutes say of him : — 
" He continued the work with various and great acceptance, 
often through much affliction, until his death, which hap- 
pened on the loth of February, 1824:. In all the stations 
which he filled, he was highly respected, and cordially 
received by the people ; and during his last year especially 
he was peculiarly favored with the blessing of the Lord on 
his labors. He was much beloved and respected by his 
acquaintances as a Christian and a Minister, and sincerely 
lamented in his death. He died in Brooklyn, Long Island, 
in the thirty-third year of his age, and fourteenth of his 
ministry.'* Thus lived, and laboured, and fell at his post, 
f)ne of that very superior class of men, who broke up our 
moral soil in Canada. 




187. Before noticing the general course of events con- 
nected with Methodism in Canada during^ the war, it will 
become us to give some account of the one stranger from the 
United States, who holds the honorable distinction of having 
entered the country just as the trouble was beginning, and 
remained at his post till it had passed away. That individual 
was the Rev. Thomas Burch. We naturally feel curious 
to know the antecedents of such a man. These we are 
happy we are in circumstances to give. 

188. ** He was born in the County Tyrone, Ireland, 
August 30, 1778, and was the eldest son of Thomas and 
Eleanor Burch. His parents were members of the Church 
of England, and were much respected by their neighbours. 
His father, who was a man of superior talents, died when 
Thomas was quite young, and left behind him many who 
lamented his death. 

189. " In the year 1801 our subject was awakened to a 
sense of his lost condition under the searching appeals of 
that eminent servant of God, Gideon Ousley, the successful 
Irish Missionary, who frequently preached on horse-back 
in the marketplaces. He immediately gave his heart to 
God, and was justified by grace, through faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ. Soon after, his mother, sisters, and brother, 
were made partakers of the same blessing, and they formed 
a nucleus, around which hundreds of others were soon clus- 
tered. They all became members of the Methodist Society. 

190. " On the 5th ot June, 1803, he arrived in the United 
States.*' They acttled in Eancaster County, Pennsylvania, 
in the neighborhood of Boehm's Chapel, which has almost 
become classic in Methodist story. The year after his 
arrival he was licensed to preach, and in 1805 he was ad- 
mitted on trial in the Philadelphia Conference. This was 



282 CASS, ANB 

a famous neighbourhood for sending out preachers, no less 
than ten having been recommended to the work from that 
Circuit, of which number was his brother Robert. Four 
out of the ten labored in Canada, Jewell, Aikens, and James 
Mitohel, as well as Thomas Bnrch. The three last named 
were Irishmen. We erroneously placed Mr. Jewell among 
the list of Hibernians, and hasten to rectify our mistake. 
Burch graduated to the office of deacon and elder in the r^u- 
lar way, preaching in the mean time with great acceptance 
and power. 

191. *^ Such was the confidence reposed in him by 
his brethren that he was elected a member of the 
first delated General Conference of 1812, which was 
held in the city of New York. Soon after Us adjourn- 
ment he was stationed at Montreal, Lower Canada, and 
continued there, occasionally visiting Quebec during the 
war between this country and Great Britain.'^ He was 
designated to Quebec, but Bangs not going to Montreal, 
aocording to appointment, for very obvious reasons, he made 
that city his headquarters. It was no small boon to the 
Methodist cause in that city to obtain a man of such ster- 
ling piety, mature experience — ^being a man thirty-four years 
of age, and an elder of seven years standing in the ministry — 
and a preacher of such respectable talents : and to enjoy his 
labors for three whole years. 

192. The distance, the want of facilities for travelling at 
that time, together with the draft that Montreal made upon 
his time and attention, made it very difficult for Mr. Burch 
to visit Quebec very often. Mr. Langlois says he only went 
'^ once or twice the first season," after which he discontinued 
his visits altogether, consequently, the Society, which num- 
bered /aril/ when the war commenced, according to the eame 




authority, by having no regular pastoral care, dwindled within 
two years to twenty. An old local preacher from Europe, 
not very well authenticated, was their only preacher for a time. 
On the arrival of the 103rd regiment, a clerk of the paymas- 
ter, a Mr. Webster, was found to be a Methodist, and a very 
capable local preacher, was invited by Messrs. Shea and Lang- 
lois, the two leading members of the Society (the former the 
Steward and the latter the Leader), to preach to their little 
congregation, which he did with good effect. Alas for human 
infirmity, this gave great offence to the old preacher first men- 
tioned. At first the work of preaching was divided between 
him and the newly arrived. Soon, however, the poor old man 
withdrew altogether. Then Mr. Webster preached three 
times a week — twice on each Sabbath, and once throi^h the 
course of the week. The cause was revived, some were con- 
verted, and some additions were made to the society. In 
1813, the regiment removed and left them without a preacher. 
In this emergency, Mr. Langlois, the Leader, being impres- 
sed by the Spirit of Ood, and urged by his friends, began 
himself to preach. God gave him favor in the sight of the 
people and fruit, and for a period of eight months, the society 
was wholly in his hands. Here we leave the Quebec people 
for the present, and turn our attention to the western part 
of the work. 

193. Before taking up that subject, however, the curious 
reader might be desirous to learn what became of Mr. Web- 
ster, the preaching military man. In answer to which 
we have to say, he remained in the army till the close of 
the war, which found him in the neighborhood of Cornwall. 
Por a time he resided, and we think taught a school on 
Earnhardt's Island, in the St. Lawrence, where he married 
into a very respectable family, and where he preached witli 



284 CASE, AND 

great acceptability, and was mainly instramentai in raising a 
little society on that beautiful spot, which, alas, has been long 
since dispersed. After some time he removed up near Pres- 
cott. When the British Missionaries came first into the 
Province, he took part with them and labored under their 
auspices. When they removed, he did not, as their people 
were expected to do, unite with the American Societies, but 
preached independently. When Mr. Ryan's division took 
place, he took part with its promoters, and for a time was a 
quasi member of the " Canadian Wesleyan '* Conference. 
He did not, however, remain long with them. When the 
" Union" of 1833 took place between the Canada and British 
Conferences, he gave it his adhesion, and if he did not become 
a member, which we think he did, his wife and elder children 
joined the Wesleyan Methodist Church. But he had little 
weight of moral character in the estimate of those who knew 
him. At length he left the country suddenly and was never 
heard of more. His going was the result of some mal-prac- 
tices into which he had fallen in executing the functions of a 
Government office which he held. His history is a loud com- 
ment on the inspired admonition, — '^ Let him that thinketh 
he standeth take heed lest he fall." Webster was well- 
educated and well-read; he had a large and well-assorted 
theological library, and was an ingenious sermonizer ; and bad 
he preserved his integrity, he might have been very useful. 
We leave him in the hands of the impartial and merciful 
Judge of quick and dead. 

194. The ordering of matters connected with Methodism 
in Upper Canada, and in Lower Canada also, so far at least 
as Montreal and Ottawa were concarned, if not other places 
besides, now devolved upon the Upper Canada Presiding 
Elder, the llev. Nathan Bangs, the Lower Canada Pre- 




siding Elder, as ^e have seen, having failed to reach the 
Province. This officiary, it will be remembered, was the 
Eev. Henry Ryan, who had been in the itinerant 
ministry twelve years, and in the office of Presiding Elder 
two years. In some respects he was well adapted to the 
emergency : he was strong, active, bold, zealous and persever* 
ing. He was also authoritative, and possessed a certain kind 
of executive ability. But we are inclined to think that his 
impulsiveness, wilful arbitrariness, want of delicacy in expres- 
sion, made him rather an intolerant ecclesiastical ruler< We 
heard the Eev. Andrew Prindle, many years after, speak with 
bitterness of the *' hi^h-handed regime of old Harry Ryan." 
A survivor, who labored under him during a part of the war- 
time, (the Rev. Ezra Adams,) says, in a letter to the author, 
''Ryan was friendly and influential among the people, but 
some of the ministers thought him arbitrary." ^An incident 
has been handed down to us, through the descendants of 
'* Father Caton," of Dundas Street, which embraced the writ- 
ing of a very cruel letter from the Presiding Elder to the 
meek and Quaker|zed John Rhodes, the terms of which, for 
the honor of religion, we suppress, which goes to show that the 
case of those left under his irresponsible authority was not 
very enviable. An instance of his arbitrary way of adminis- 
tering discipline, even toward the laity, was recited to us by 
the venerable George Lawrence, of the " Cross Roads," near 
Niagara, one of the Irish Palatines, and brother of John, 
MrsI Philip Embury's second husband, of which Mr. Lawrence 
was himself the subject. But the good-temper and firmness 
of the Leader carried it against the headlong vehemence of 
the Elder. 

195. But if he was not always a wise governor, be was cer- 
tainly a faithful laborer ^ and especially he evinced himself 




to be such dtmng the war period. The Rev. E. Adams Bays 
" He used to travel from Montreal to Sandwich, holditig 
Quarterly Meetings ; to accomplish which he kept two horses 
at hh home at the Twenty Mile Creek, and used one on his 
trip from the Niagara Circuit on his down county route ; the 
other he used on his Sandwich route." As his income Wad 
very small and precarious, he eked out the sum necessary to 
Support his family by peddling a manu&cture of his own in 
his extensive journeys, and by hauling with his double team ' 
in winter time, on his return route from Lower Canada, loadd 
of Government stores, or general merchandise. Such were the 
shifts to which Methodist Preachers had to resort, in order to 
sustain themselves in a work they would ^not desert. Mr. R., 
by his loyalty, gained the confidence and admiration of dl 
friends of British supremacy, and by his abundant and heroic 
labors, the afiectlons of the God-fearing part of the community 

196. But these were not his only sources of influence. 
He had a rough-and-ready, but real oratory, most admirably 
adapted to his auditors. He felt strongly and could make 
others feel. He could be terrific if he liked ; and he knew 
how to melt the people into tenderness, while he addressed 
them, with floods of tears. He was communicative and lively 
in private conversation, interesting with the ludicrous aspects 
of the checkered scenes through which he had passed. Per- 
haps he was a little too fond of that, but still it was the. 
means of endearing him to the many. Ryan was also witty, 
and had a ready answer for every bantering remark. Some 
wicked fellows are said to have asked him "if he had heard 
the news?" "What news?" ''Why, that the devil is 
dead." " Then," said he, looking around on the company, 
" he has left a great many fatherless children." Some times 
bis answers assumed more of a defiant than a witty character. 




On entering a public honse one day, a low feIloW» wbo kbew 
him from his costume to be a minister, thinking to insult hixti 
with im{)niiity, remarked aloud, while be placed his hand in 
his pocket, '* Tbere comes a Methodist Preacher ; I must take 
care of my money.*' Eyaii prottiptly resented it by saying, — 
** You are an impudent scoundt«l/' *' Take care,'* said the 
man, '< I bannot swallow that." '< Then chew it till you can 1" 
was Biyan's fearless reply. There wafi oflen wisdom in his 
courage. Once, in a tavern, he observed^ that tbe mdr^ than 
Qsual amount of profatie sweatiag and blasphemy was evi^ 
dently pei'petrated to iannoy him and to d^aw him into an 
altercation. He let it pass in silence, till observing one more 
officious in the matter than the rest, evidently with hia 
reproof, ho turned and accosted him in the following ironical 
way, — " That is right : swear away my man ; you have as 
good a right to be damned as any one I know of! Go on, 
and you will accomplish your purpose!" This was doubt- 
less more hiarrowing and effectual than a milder and more 
direct reproof. But if he could abate this pride of the 
haughty, he knew how to sympathize with humble and con* 
trite ones. I shall never forget his kindness in that he 
turned aside into a destitute neighbourhood, about the very 
time of which we write, on one of his western journeys, to 
administer comfort by 'conversation, singing, and prayer, to 
my poor, disconsolate mother, then in a state of deep religious 
melancholy. Thank God that the roar of cannon one year 
after, at the battle of Fort George, was the unexpected 
means of checking her morbid mental tendency; and that 
a Methodist hymn sUng a few years after in the old 
framed meetinghouse in York, was the instrumentality 
employed in tranquilizing her heart and conscience. No 
wonder, then, that she gave herself to the Methodists, and 
lived and died one. But we return &om this digression. 



288 OASE, AND 

197. The persona now living whose remembrance goes 
back nearest to the times of which we write, who have 
deigned to answer the author's inquiries, say that Mr. Byan 
held a Conference at the time and place where and when 
the session of 1812 should have been held, namely, at War- 
ner's meeting-house, near St. David, July 23rd ; and that 
he held one each succeeding year of the war. The Kev. John 
Ryerson says, '• Mr. Ryan held three Conferences during the* t 
war, the principal businesB of which was employing preach- ^ 
ers and appointing them to their different fields of labour." 
The Rev. Ezra Adams supplements this account by saying: 

*^ Elder Ryan held, and the Canadian preachers met, in 
Conference yearly, in the month of July ; but as I was not 
present at any of them, I cannot name the day of the month. 
My impression is, that the Conference of 1813 was held in 
Matilda." That would have been central for the preachers 
in the two Provinces, and otherwise" eligible, as there was 
a meeting-house and numerous entertainers in the place. 
Mr. Adams continues, — " In 1814, the year I was received 
on trial, it was held at the Bay of Quinte; but whether at the 
Second or Fourth Town, I cannot say, as I was not presentt 
but was left on the Circuit.'' At both these places there 
were meeting-houses and good societies. We come now to 
consider the men by which the vacancies in the ranks were 

198. It has been shown that the names of Smith, Gatchel, 
Reynolds, Holmes, Covenhoven, and Hopkins did not ap- 
pear on the roll of Conference at the close of the war. 
But in lieu of them the following names do appear in the 
Minutes of 1815, which did not appear when the Minutes 
last contained the names of the Canada preachers, and the 
places where they were stationed, namely, David Culp^ David 




Yonmans, William Brown, and Ezra Adams. These we 
know were all Canadiaos, and had beeo oi^led into <^ work 
by Elder Eyan and his Conferences during the war. As 
to the time when they were sevendly employed^ w« sue not 
very well informed. 

199. David Culp was a C^adian Dntohman. He ha^ 
spent his days, till he entered the ministry, at the Twenty, 
near where Beamsville now standsr After his conversion, 
he was for several years a member of the venerable John 
Beam's class, an exemplary man, who lived to a great age. 
Beam was rich, and yet liberal, two qualities which we do 
not always see united; for he willed his property at his 
death to the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society 
Mr. Culp must have been taken into the field very soon after 
the war began, if not a little before, for he was ordained 
deacon at the first Conference he attended. Mr. Byerson 
says he travelled before the war commenced, but if so, 
it was only as a Presiding Elder's supply, for there is 
no trace of him in the Minutes. Mr. C. is yet alive and in 
the Province, and is almost the only man who could shed 
lio;ht on the obscure period of whicit we write; but a 
respectful letter has failed to draw him out. If we do him 
any injustice it will not be intentional, and he himself will 
be to blame. Where he labored in 1812 we cannot tell; 
but Mr. Adams says he found him travelling as the colleague 
of John Rhodes, on the Long Point Circuit, in 1813. The 
Circuit was a long one, for our authority says, — "It ex- 
tended from Long Point through Norwich, Oxford, Blenheim, 
Burford and Ancestor, includipg the villages of Bundas and 
Hamilton, down the Dundns Street to Little York, and up 
Yonr^e Street to the Lake Simcoe Settlements." This is 
confirmed by the glimpse of Jlhoiies at " Father Cating*s " in 



290 CASE, AND 

Trafalgar. Mr. Adams is sure that Mr. Culp remained tire 
next year (1814-15) in the same Circuit, for he was his 

200. Mr. C. seems to have been a local preacher for some 
time before entering the itinerant field. He was a matured 
man of thirty and married. The writer, in boyhood, often 
heard him, when, perhaps, he had attained his zenith. He 
was possessed of fair natural abilities, and had acquired, by 
some means, an average share of information considering the 
times* In the pulpit he was not devoid of power, but self- 
possessed, deliberate, self reliant, a little inflated in diction, 
and somewhat pompous in manner, twisting his mouth a little 
awry while he spoke. He was a person of a fine physique 
and good presence. 

201. He sang the odes in the " Camp-Meeting Hymn 
Book " melodiously, as his voice was strong and musical for 
both speaking and singing. As the custom then was, he 
often prepared the minds of his hearers by singing a solo 
immediately before sermon. He once thrilled the congre- 
gation in Little York, in after years, by singing, at the close 
of a farewell sermon, the following lines with the rest of the 
piece, all of which the writer does not remember, the versifica- 
tion of which must not be too critically scanned, but the sen- 
timents of which are touching. We give them as one of the 
features of the times : — 

" Farewell, dear friends, I must he gone, 

I have no home or stay with you ; 
I take my staff and travel on, 

Ti 1 a hetter world do view. 
Farewell I Farewell ! my loving iriends, farewell I 

<' Farewell, old soldiers of the cruss, 
YouWq struggled long and nard for heaven; 




All things below yoa connt bnt dross, 
Fight on, the crown shall soon be given. 

Fight on I Fight on 1 the crown shall soon be given. 

• ••• ••••«•• 

" Farewell, poor careless sinners, too ; 
It grieves my heart to leave yon here ; 

For death eternal waits for you ~ 
O, turn, and find salvation near ! 

O, turn I turn 1 and find salvation near.*' 

Mr. Gulp's powers of song made him the usual precentor 
at Camp-Meetings, and, we will do him the justice to say, that 
the Prayer-Meetings also usually fell into his hands, which 
he had piety and zeal enough not to desert. 

202. David Youmans, also, must have gone to the rescue 
at an early period of the war, as we find that he was "received 
into full connexion " at the Conference of 1815. We do not 
find his ordination mentioned at that time. It is likelj he 
had received orders while a local preacher, which was then pos- 
sible in certain cases, for he had been very active, and much 
beloved in that capacity. He was, we believe, a native of 
Canada, and related to a very respectable and now wide-spread 
family connexion, bearing the name of Youmans, in the penin- 
sula of Prince Edwards. He was originally a blacksmith by 
trade, and had exercised that humble but useful calling on 
*' Myers* Creek," the present River Moira, at "Reed's Mills," 
a mile or so above where Caniffton, near Belleville, now stands. 
He was the neighbour and bosom friend of that very worthy 
member of the Methodist Church, Mr. Samuel Reid, who 
lived long and well, and who died in the Lord, leaving after 
him some children who were stedfast friends of that cause of 
which he had been the liberal patron. 

203. It will not be expected that Mr. Youmans was a 
man of much education, but hb was an original thinkeri and 



292 €ASE, AND 

of a fervent and cliild-like spirit Som<$ of the peculiarities 
of bis ministry will oome into view hereafter. He, like 
Ctilp> was an excellent singer. Some of the deeper, base* 
like tones of bis voice were exquisite. He was stout, heavy, 
and a little inclined to corpulency. We have often thought 
the contour of his face was like the portraits of J^hn 
Banyan. He was not, however, like him in complexion, fair 
and florid, but rather tawny than otherwise. He was a most 
loveable man in his intercourse with families, and nearly 
worshipped by the little ones, with whom he was ever ready 
to romp and play. A great unction sometimes attended his 

204. What Circuit he was first placed on does not cer- 
tainly appear, but we learn from the manuscript journal, 
which is soon to be published, of that remarkable man, 
George Ferguson, then in the army, that Mr. Youmans 
labored on the Niagara Circuit during the second year of the 
wax ; for Mr. F. speaks of meeting him at Warner's CbapeL 
soon after the victories at Stoney Creek and Beaver-dam, 
which took place in the month of June, 1813. As Mr. 
Holmes remained on the Thames during 1812, and did not 
go to Niagara as appointed, perhaps Mr. Youmans may have 
teen sent to supply his place as the colleague of Mr. Prindle, 

205. William Brown will be best set for by some selec- 
tions from a sketch of him from the author's pen, produced 
«ome years ago, after making special inquiry concerning him. 
He was born the 21st of August^ 1769> in Duchess County, in 
what our American neighbors call the " Empire State,'' then 
very much a wilderness. Along with many other hardy 
pioneers, he came to Canada in the year 1795, an active 
young man of twenty-six, and settled not far from the St* 
Lawrence, and near the town line between Augusta and 




EdwavdsbtLTgh. Smons rdigioa being understood and prao* 
tised by very &w, rude bilarity marked the social gatherings 
of the settlers. A knowledge of musio and the rise of the 
violin rendered the services of young Brown much decider^ 
ated. But the fervent and tireless itinerant preachers were 
in the country, sounding the alarm in every listening sinner's 
conscience; many took the warning, and among the rest, 
one year after his arrival, William Brown, the particulars 
of whose conversion, it is cause of regret, we are unable 
to give. He immediately joined the Church ; and it is sur- 
mised, belonged to the same class with Samuel Emburyy 
John Lawrence, and Paul and Barbara Heck, who were 
united together near the Big Creek. 

206. About this ^me an isolated settlement was fbrmed 
across the woods (a modem Transylvania,) on either bank of 
the ra^d Bideau, then undisfignred and undisguised by the 
dams and locks of the eanal whioh now coincides with it and 
bears its name. How the people got there we, of this gener* 
ition, are left to conjecture. If through the woods, it must 
have been in the winter when the swamps and streams with 
which those woods are, (or were,) intersected, were bridged 
by the frost. No doubt many of them went up by the way of 
the Hull Settlement, on the Ottawa, by the Rideau River 
itself, for a riv^ is a natural highway in a wilderness, both 
in summer and winter — ^in the summer by boats, in the win- 
ter by sledges. Among those adventurous settlers was Brown, 
who '* pitched his tent,'' or rather ** notched up" his shanty 
in the Township of Wolford. This shanty, in due time, gave 
place to a comfortable log-house ; and that again to one of 
deal* capacious and neatly painted, which structures proved 
pre-eminently ** lodscing places for wayfaring men.'* Often 
did the weary, mud-bespattered traveller and hifi hungry fly* 



294 CASE, AND 

tormented faorsei emerging from the skirts of the adjacent 
wilderness, hail the smoke of his chimney with delight. 

207. Brown received license as a local preacher three years 
after his conversion ; this could not have been long before or 
after his removal to the Ridean Settlement. A gentleman of 
our acquaintance heard him preach a fnneral sermon at Ben- 
nett's Rapids fifty-seven years ago. He could not have had 
origiually more than a common school education ; but it is 
no exaggeration to say that he had naturally a strong, saga- 
oions, well-balanced mind. His phrenological developmentSy 
if any importance irto be attached them, did not couflict with 
this fact : he had a high^ broad, massive head, rather square 
than round, with both perceptive and reflective organs, as 
tbey are called, largely developed, and a gleaming expressive 
eye. To these available powers religion gave a new and last- 
ing impulse. He possessed himself of the very best standard 
works attainable in his day, and, so far as his opportunity 
allowed, gave his days and nights to them. He read much 
and thought more, and profoundly he thought. And his 
profiting appeared unto all. He was, in theology and general 
subjects, one of the best informed men of his day in the Pro- 
vince. He was long in the commission of the peace ; and a 
more impartial, judge-like magistrate, Canada never rejoiced 
in. All who knew him deferred to his opinions.. 

208. Mr. Brown was thrice married, and had a patriarchal 
household for members. His first wife is reported an excel- 
lent woman, and like the others, a notable housekeeper* 
His second wife was a Scotch woman, the lady-like, widowed 
mother of the late accomplished Rev. Wm. Smith, who will 
come into view before our work is finished, and his sister 
Sarah, the present relict of the late amiable and Rev. Simon 
Huntington, who will hereafter find a worthy niche in our 




momorial temple. It was, we think, while Mr, B. was a 
widower, after losing his second wife, that he was induced 
to leave his home and stop one of the gaps made by the 
war. It was not till that strife was somewhat advanced, we 
are certain, that he went oat into the field. Because we were 
directly informed of his being the hospitable entertainer of 
the travelling preachers about the middle of the war time ; 
atid he appears in the Minutes of 1815. as only just << received 
on triar' at the previous Conference. He could, therefore, 
only have gone out after Mr. Ryan's last Conference, held 
July, 1814. The treaty of peace was signed in Ghent, 
December 14th, but the war did not close on this continent, 
de facto, till some months later. Mr. Burch was yet in 
Montreal, in February, 1815. About that time an American 
preacher, by the name of Montgomery, of whom we know 
nothing further was sent to take his place ; but the society, 
or a majority of them, on account of the British feeling 
awakened by the late conflict, refusing to receive him, he 
returned to the States. But Mr. Ryan, who was never easily 
foiled, sent Mr. Brown as the only available and best quali- 
fied man at his disposal* to take charge in that important, 
but now agitated society. This speaks strongly for Mr. 
B.^s estimated worth and calibre at that time. He found his 
position no bed of roses, as his after description of it to the 
writer showed. 

209. Brown, for his day, was a very good preacher — 
plain^ clear, chaste, strong and energetic; and sometimes 
his declamations might be denominated eloquent. He was 
a man of good taste and very correct judgment, which kept 
him from anything very outre or noticeable. Being far 
removed from eccentricity, he is the harder to describe; 
and the fewer chi ractcristio anecdotes of him can be colleotod^ 



296 0A61^ Al^ 

8mBf liowrer, hute been garnerfed inf the writer'^ memory ; 
bat these, and oar eetimate of the man when we became 
acquainted with htm in later years, must stand ovei* till 
that period is considered in our pi^ee. For the present, 
let the reader imagine a rather shorty compact man, forty-five 
years of age, of gentlemanly appearanoe^ etect and graceful, 
with dear compTexioil and abundant brown hair, and he 
will have a pretty good idea of our subject in 1814. W^ 
must dismiss him for the present. He will come into notice 
often hereafter. 

210. The next on our list of brethren called into the 
work during the war interregnum, is Ezba Adams. Hs^ 
pUy we have only to allow him to relate his own history. 
It is asfoUows:^ — *'I i^as born of the spirit on the fourth 
day cf August^ Idtl, iu the Eastern Townships, (that of 
A^cott,) in the Lower Province, at a Quarterly Meeting 
held by a Brother Wells, Presiding Elder i^om the States,; 
accompanied by Robert Hibbard, and another brother whose ^ 
name I have forgotten, which was the starting point of a 
great revival, which went through those townships. I 
arrived at York, now Toronto, in March, 1812, and com- 
menced school-teaching on Yonge Street, near Mewmarket. 
Andrew Prindle was then on that Circuit, but left it after 
the Conference of 1812. I commenced travelling in 1814^ 
on the Long Point Circuit, with David Culp, his second 
year on that Circuit'' The closing sentence of his letter 
shows the spirit in which he entered on his work. '' I am 
sorry that I cannot supply you with more critical informa- 
tion on the events of early Methodism in Canada ; but iu 
entering upon the ministiy, the whole powers of my mind 
were absorbed in the great work of saving souls, and I was 
careless in observing passing events." So true is it, that 
those who make hiatory seldom write it 




211. Thd Bubstanoe of the above is this, that Mr. Adams 
was an Eastern Canadian; came to Canada West while 
yet warm in his first love, to follow the oconpation of a 
school-teacher; but being gifted and zealous, he was laid 
hold of and thrust into the work. Another reason was, he 
was available because unencumbered with a family, being 
the only single man among all the brethren employed at that 
period. Mr. Adams was removed the next year to the Bay^ 
of Quinte Circuit, as we understand him. We hope to hear 
more from him at a future time relative to his after-labors 
and experience. 

212. The Bev. Thomas Madden's name appears again 
•among his Canadian brethren, although, as we hare seen, 
he was separated from them when the war commenced. He 
returned to their assistance in 1814, if not earlier. This is 
certain, not only from the fact, that his •son, Rev. D. B. Mad- 
den, was born in Augusta, C. W., June 26, 1814, and 
baptised in the same place the following l7th of October 
by the Rev. Henry Ryan, which appears from the younger 
Madden's own statement, and the record in jhe Augusta 
Circuit Baptismal Register ; but also from the positive state- 
ment of Mr. Adams, that <^ Thomas Madden returned in 
1814." From a recollection of family conversations, his 
son thinks he came in the year before, bat that is uncertain ; 
it is certain that he laboured on the Augusta during the 
Conference year, 1814«-15. By what means he was enabled 
to come and bring his family across the lines, we cannot at 
this distance of time ascertain. Nor do we know anything 
of his labors and success on the Circuit to which he came, 
beyond, if we remember right, some baptisms perfornaed by 
him registered in the old book. 

213. We are sure of one more laborer being employed 




298 CASE, AND 

on a Circuit daring the war, whose name does not appear 
in the Minutes at its close, nor, indeed, till many years after« 
there being peculiarities in his case. This was no other than 
the redoubtable Thomas Habmon. His Conference obituary 
informs us that " Brother Harmon was a native of Connec- 
ticut, United States, and was born Oct. lOtb, 1783. He 
left his native land when a young man, and came to Canada 
Jn 1808. He was converted to Gk)d December 26th, 1809, 
and immediately united with the Church, He gave early 
indications of usefulness, and in obedience to the call of 
God, and in compliance with the decision of the authorities 
of the Church, he commenced, soon after his conversion to 
God, to call sinners to repentance. He received license as 
an exhorter in 1810 and a local preacher's license in 
1812." He was only an exhorter when the war opened, 
but his religious boldness, energy, and usefulness during 
its earlier stages, pointed him out as worthy to receive license 
*^o preach. 

214. The story of Harmon's connection with the army 
has been often told, both in and out of Methodist circles. 
He was residing at Stoney Creek when a draft of the militia 
was made, and they were ordered to the front to defend their 
country. At first he thought it unlawful, under any cir- 
cumstances, for a Christian man to bear arms and fight. 
But when he saw the country invaded, he prayed earnestly 
to God for direction ; and he came at length to the deci- 
sion that it was his duty to obey the authorities. He was 
a man of decided opinions on ail subjects, and strong feel- 
ings, and when his mind was once made up, he acted with 

215. He was in General Brock's little army at the hardly- 
contested battle of Queenston, and contributed much to 




retrieve the disasters of the earlier part of the day, and to 
the victory that followed. All agreed that he performed 
prodigies of valor, cheering on his compatriots with a voice 
above the roar of cannon and the roll of musketry. The 
soldiers' account of it was, that he '^ prayed like a saint and 
fought like a devil." He informed the author that the sun ■ 
light of God's countenance beamed upon his soul, and that 
he could have marched into the jaws of death without the 
slightest fear. He prayed and shouted aloud for joy. He 
always maintained that there was no true account of that 
battle, but our importunity never induced him to give his own 
version to the public. 

216. He remained some time in the service, usually holding 
a religious meeting every night. Major Hilliard's testimony 
of him, lo some gentleman on the streets of York several 
years after^ was greatly in his favor. Having hailed him as 
he rode through the town, and given bim a cordial shake by 
the hand because of old times, he exclaimed as the itinerant 
passed on, ■*' There goes a noble-hearted fellow J In the war- 
time, on the lines, he used to do military duty with us all day, 
and give us a good sermon at night'* So high did Harmon 
stand with his superiors, and the whole military force on the 
frontier, that when the Church of England Clergyman of 
York, the Rev. Dr. Strachan, published an address to the 
soldiery, the commanding officer employed him to read it to 
the men, A platform was made for him over a stump, and 
his comrades were drawn up around him to hear the address* 
A brother minister, some time after, said, *' Was there any 
religion in the address, Brother Harmon 1 " " Not mucA," 
said he, " but I tried to weave a little into it as I went along" 
— that 15, he tried to supplement what he thought its omis- 
sions, and to enforce its <truths by his own explanations aod 



30O OABE, AKO ' 

exhortations. Both the pobEsher of the address and his eX' 
pOfiitor deserve the highest praise for such eondnet in snoh a 

217. Intense loyalty to the British Government was ever 
characteristic of Thomas Harmon from the time of his bap- 
tism of blood on the Heights of Qneenston. Many years 

I after^ when the Methodists were denounced as traitors to the 
j Government by some vehemently lip loyal persons, he ex- 
claimed, ** I remember one of those fellows, how he got behind 
an old rotten stump to avoid the balls that were flying about. 
One of the balls hit the stump and knocked it over on to 
him ; and he sung out, ' I'm shot 1 I'm shot I' " 

218. After some time, our subject was released from the 
service, and eagerly taken hold of by the Presiding Elder, to 
supply one of the vacancies. He was employed on the fron- 
tier. So great was the confidence reposed in him by the 
military authorities, that charge was given to the several 
picquets and sentries to let Mr. Harmon pass at all times of 
day and night unchallenged. He seems to have been em- 
ployed on the Niagara Circuit during a good part of the war ; 
for the pious soldier, Ferguson, in his manuscript journal 
speaks of meeting with a Canadian preacher, called Harmon, 
in a very powerful meeting at Stoney Creek, in which the 
preacher became completely overwhelmed. 

219. In person, Harmon was large, but not un\ipieldy. He 
stood nearly six feet high, was well-proportioned, and exceed- 
ingly strong and agile. His complexion was fair, but sun- 
browned by exposure ; and his face was oval, and nose slightly 
aquiline. The loss of a leg, after some years, did not wholly 
destroy his agility, as we shall see. 

220. His obituary gives him credit for being a *< a map of 
strong powers of mind, a clear and logical reasoner, a sound 




dmne^ and a powerful preacher/' But be combined with 
strength of intellect strong pasaions and emotions, and we 
might perhaps add^ strong appetites, too. His was an organ- 
ization bard to control ; but rightly directed, it was of a char- 
acter to make him prodigiously e£fective for good. He was 
one of the old type of terrific Methodist preachers, who 
'^ stamped with the foot, and smote with the hand." W« 
know well a poor sinner, who was awfully awakened by one 
of Harmon's empassioned exhortations, in ^which one of bis 
appeals eliminated with throwing himself half over the pulpit, 
reaching out bis hands and bringing them together, as though 
he were grasping after a falling person, be exclaimed in most 
j)iteous tones, ** 0, ye hell-hound souls I " Sometimes he 
charged too high for a salutary effect on weak nerves ; and 
sometimes, alas, the strength of his passions and impulses led 
him wrong. At times, there can be no doubt, he lived very 
near to God, and enjoyed a large measure of divine influence, 
which resulted in several signal revivals, that will come under 

221. We have seen him on the Niagara Circuit ; and he 
informed the writer that a part of the war-time be preached 
through the Yonge Street country, as far back as Lake Simcoe. 
What hindered his reception into Conference, while men 
greatly his inferiors were received, it is now hard to tell. It 
was currently related for some years that it was a piece of 
policy, as that in his sinful days he had been the cause of a 
fellow man's death, by pitching him headlong down a stairs ; 
and that his brethren would not publicly authenticate one who 
had been a homicide. Besides this being unlikely, Mr. Har- 
mon assured me in old-age, that it was utterly unfounded; 
for that be had never struck a man a blow in all his life but 
one, and that comparatively a harmless one. It is more likelf 



302 CASH, AND 

that the loss of his leg about the close of the war, occasioned 
by the falling of his horse, was the principal cause which pre- 
vented his reception in 1815. The wicked conduct of his 
wife, which caused an early and a lasting separation between 
them, which position placed him in circumstances of embar- 
rassment and exposure, was probably the reason why, although 
almost always on Circuits, his name does not appear on the 
Minutes of Conference till 1839, — at which time more of him. 
In the meantime he received deacon's orders, as a local 
preacher, from the hands of Bishop Roberts, in 1819. We 
shall have some characteristic anecdotes of the man when he 
appears again. 

222. Beside the above-mentioned, who were employed in 
the Circuits, God in his providence had provided partial 
assistance. The local and located preachers who have been 
heretofore mentioned, were of this number. The Niagara 
County, in particular, r^oiced in the possession of a number 
of excellent local preachers, some of whom have not yet been 
described, who did good service wherever their labors were 

223. One of these was Smith Griffin, Esq., grand-father of 
the Rev. Wm. S. Griffin, of the Wesleyan Conference. He 
resided at Smithville, which took its cognomen from his bap- 
tismal name. He was farmer, mill-owner, merchant and 
preacher, all in one. His multifarious worldly engagements 
seemed not to abate his zeal and activity in the cause of God. 
He was once heard to say that he ** had too much of his own 
business to attend to, to occupy himself with any of Satan's 
work." Although intensely busy on week days with secular 
engagements, he went far and near on the Loid's day to preach. 
He was distinguished for liberality in advancing the cause of 
Ood. One of the s^reatest men Canada and the Canada Ceti- 





ference ever possessed was assisted by Mr. Griffin to start in 
bis itinerant career by tbe loan, if not the gift, of a horse and 
saddle. Fei^uson speaks of meeting with Griffin at that 
great Methodist rendezvous, Warner's Chapel. We hope to 
have more particulars concerning him in another place. 

224. There were two German local preachers residing 
at the Fifty, both of whom were excellent and useful men* 
These were Henry Cline and Peter Bowslaugh. Bowslaugh, 
especially, was a man of mark in his way. He had the body 
of a giant, with the simplicity and tenderness of a child* 
His piety, originality, humour, and German accent, made 
him very interesting to hear. His words often produced a 
smile, but sometimes tears. When he was under conviction 
for sin, he was once praying in the horse-stable. His wife 
going to seek him, and hearing his cries, said, '' Peter, has 
the horse kicked you, and proke your legT' "No, put Got 
Almighty has proke my heart," was his touching reply. He 
was the life of the love-feasts he attended, as his friend Cline 
used to say, *' Trowing shunks of fire among the people/' 
and telling them sometimes that his soul was ** in the tops 
of the cedars.'' He would never fail to respond to the re« 
quest for a sermon wherever a little assembly was convened, 
but standing up at tbe back of a chair, he would oommence 
the services, perchance, by hurriedly giving oat^ 

« Salfashion, 0, te shoyfdl sount. 
Vat pleasure to our ears ;" 

ana afterwards he would pray and speak with a liveliness 
that did his hearers good. His neighbor, a very dissimilar 
man, the wise and well-informed Hugh Wilson, although a 
worthy member of the Church since 1800, at which period 
he found the peace of God '^ while walking alone on the 
banks of the Ontario," had not yet b^gon to exercise in poUioi^ 




in the use of those gifts which afterwards so often pleased 
and edified his neighbours. But more of him anon. Mr. 
Caleb Burdick. who has been mentioned akeady, being cour 
nected with the commissariat department of the provincial 
forces, it may be presumed, exerted more or less influence 
for good along the frontier. 

225. But God» who is ever mindful of his Church and 
people, had been preparing an iostrument to co-operate with 
the few Canadian preachers during the war with an effect- 
iveness second to none, and who, after its close, was to enter 
the itinerant weak. While the war lasted, he did not a 
little to revive the drooping societies wherever he went ; but 
for many years after it was over, he continued to labor with 
a zeal and an unction that issued in the salvation of hun- 
dreds, if not thousands of precious souls. This prospective 
Missionary for Canada likewise was to be brought out by 
His Majesty's ships of war, and to be supported at Govern, 
ment expense. Some will apprehend immediately that we 
are speaking of George Ferguson, incidentally referred to 
before, and of whom we might furnish many interesting 
particulars in detail, only that we do not wish to forestall a 
&rth-coming memoir of that good man, which we expect will 
be very readable and useful. 

226. He was bom April 1, 1786, in the township o! 
Caraloon, parish of Artee, county of Londonderry, Ireland^ 
and awakened and converted tkoixt the age of twenty, after 
spme very sevece struggles of mind. Althougji an cmly chSdp 
and his father a man. of some means, his parent's Becond 
marriajge became the cause of his being practically discarded* 
During this period he resided in the eity of Belfast and wif^ 
borhood, where he was made very use&l in boldi&g: s^vpr^t 
meetings. But after a time the UwHb be eodn^ei km^ i» 




temporary and partial baoksliding, so mudt 06, ae to lose Ids 
eDJoyments, and to give up his labors in public. About this 
time he, somewhat precipitateljy married, and {^terwsurds en- 
listed. This took place in 1809^ when he was about twenty- 
three years of age. 

227. The acute trials he experienced on entering the army, 
brought him to seek the Lord afresh. His peace and joy were 
restored, and his zeal for God and souls returned. Wherever 
the army marched through Ireland and England, for he was 
in sundry places in that country as well ^as in his own native 
land, he made himself known to the Methodist ministers and 
people, preached successfully, and received Dumerou& tokens of 
kindness, and mest providential supplies of ttioney and neces*- 
saries, which made himself and dually far more comfortable 
than they otherwise could have been in such a wandering 
mode of life. 

228. In 1812 he (Smbarked with the troops designated for 
North America. They landed below Quebec^ and had a series 
of fatiguing marches of hundreds of miles through a wilder- 
ness country, in an inclement season^ and arrived in time to 
assist in checking the American Greneral's (Dearborne,) advance 
towards Montreal at LaColle ; the corps to which he belonged 
was then ordered up the country. In both this and their for- 
mer march they endured incredible hardships, which he bore 
with a patience and a fortitude that astonished his unconverted 
comrades. On his arrival at Kingston ke met with and re- 
ceived great kindness from his countryman, poor Edward 
Cooper, once a travelling preacher, but now in a backslidden 
state, and employed in peddling. Being billet^ in the coun- 
try, through the intervention of Cooper, he was introduced to 
a militia Captain, (afterwards Colonel,) Matthew Clarke, one of 
the oldest and most ezamplary, as he proved himself one of the 



366 CASE, AND 

most stable, Methodists of that part of the country, who after- 
wards lived to a great age, and died in the Lord, surrounded 
by a numerous progeny and a large family connection, all of 
whom are the friends and supporters of the cause he loved. 
Captain Clarke showed his ''fellow-soldier in the kingdom 
and patience of Jesus '' such kindness as to greatly refresh 
his spirit in the Lord. 

229. Ferguson's next move was to the cantonment at 
Burlington Heights, in time to take part in the successful 
surprise and defeat of the advancing American forces under 
Generals Chandler and Winder, by Col. Harvey, at Stoney 
Creek. An interesting account of that battle will appear in 
his forthcoming biography from the pen of Mr. Ferguson 
himself. In default of not being allowed to publish that 
version of the conflict, we present the reader with another 
from the pen, also, of a Methodist Minister, who subsequently 
laboured in the Province. We refer to Dr. Beed. 

230. His account is as follows : — ^* As if to preserve the 
traditional fame of Burlington Bay for fierce deeds of bloody 
conflict, a battle was fought during the war of 1812 between 
the American and British forces, a few miles east of the Bay. 
It was in the night. An American force was sent forward 
from the Niagara frontier," (This was ^ to crush the British 
troops collected at Burlington Heights.") ** They encamped 
for the night at a place called Stoney Creek. Their move- 
ments, however, had been watched by the British from the 
heights, (' mountain ') a little back of the lake; and when 
all was quiet in the camp and the weary soldiers were resting 
in unconscious slumbers, suddenly the foe came upon them, 
and a short but bloody battle ensued. The two forces were 
directly in front of a house that stood a considerable distance 
from the road, open to it through a narro.v lane with a stone 




wall breastwork. Without any very decisive result, the 
British retired while it was yet dark, but were not pursued, 
and at early dawn the Americans retreated to the east, each 
leaving their dead upon the battle-field, and the Americans 
several waggons loaded with arms and ammunition, which 
were fired before they left." Mr. R., who was an American 
himself, saw it through the eyes of his fellow-countrymen. 
The British version is, that the two American generals. 
Chandler and Winder, **were captured, and 116 men, the 
rest retreated in great disorder.'' Dr. Eeed subjoins : — " The 
house," (before which the battle was fought,) **was owned 
and occupied by a Brother Gage. His boys were out the 
next morning and picked up about a peck of bullets which 
had been intercepted in their flight by the walls. In the 
course of the day Brother Gage and his neighbours collected 
the dead, friends and foes, and buried them in one common 

231. Ferguson searched out the Methodists in every place 
where he came, and was not long in finding Christian War- 
ner, of St. Davids. At his house one time he met with the 
Rev. Messrs. Ryan and Youmans, and with Mr. Smith Griffin, 
already referred to. The occasion was a Quarterly Meeting. 
At Mr. Ryan's authoritative request, Ferguson was induced 
to preach, at the beginning, with great fear and trembling; 
but with great liberty and comfort before he had done ; and 
very much to the satisfaction and spiritual profit of the people. 
In Warner's meeting-house he often preached, as well as in 
every other place where he went. He particularly mentions 
the neighbourhood of Baxter's Chapel, near Fort Erie. His 
diminutive person and his trusty character were the cause of 
bis being in the situation of an officer's '* orderly," which 
resulted in his having some privil^es which common soldiers 



308 OASx, Aim 

bad not. He gaioed the unbounded coofidenoe of bis master. 
Two instances ooour in his journal of gentlemen of rank, 
eitber in expectation of death by iickness, or on the eve of a 
battle^ intrusting their money, papers^ plate, and jewelry, ta 
bim, in preference to relatives and intimate friends. He was 
once permitted by the Commanding Officer to go to Warner's 
Chapel to a Qumiierly Meeting, while they were in hourly 
espeetation of a battle, and no other soldier was permitted to 
go beyond the lines, on Ferguson's assurance that he believed 
d^re would be no battle till he returned, which indeed turned 
out as he predicted. 

232. He was with CoL Murray at the successful attack oa 
Fort Niagara, on the American side of the river. His 
description of it is lively and touching, and illustrates the 
providence of God, but it must be looked for in his forth- 
comingr memoir. He was in the battle of Chippewa, July 
6tb, 1814, for the loss of which by the British he accounts. 
In. that action, although he studiously avoided firing so as to 
kill any one himself, which, right or wrong, was his constant 
practice in action, on conscientious grounds, he received a 
wound below the elbow in the fleshy part of the arm. He 
left the retreating army, and returned across the country to 
bis tried friends, the Warners, who cared for him as well as 
they could in the absence of surgical skill. Here he rested 
some little time. The ball was still in the flesh ; nor was 
it extracted even after he returned to camp, or indeed tilj 
he had been sent by a then tedious voyage to hospital at York. 
The operation was so long delayed that he only just escaped 
the loss of his arm. His health was very much enfeehled and 
his life endangered, but God preserved him to perform a good 
work. There was then not one congenial spirit in all the 
town that he knew of with whom he could converse. When 




his healtli and strength were a Utile restored, walking np 
Yonge Street one day towards Sandy Hill, he was accosted by 
a Quaker who overtook him, and who said his spirit was 
drawn towards him as a fellow-christian. The man of peace 
and the soldier took sweet counsel together as fellow-travellers 
to Zion. 

233. Towards the close of the war, Ferguson was ordered 
to the Lower Province. In Montreal ho made himself asefuli 
and received great kindness from the Eev. T. Burch, Mr. 
Bajrnabas Hitchcock, a local preacher, who afterwards 
entered the itinerant work, and who will come into sight in 
a future volume, and a Mr. McCracken, a clerk, a Scotch* 
man by birth, eminently pious, of whose religious charactea: 
we hope to present a portrait hereafter. This person once 
slipped a twenty dollar note into his hand. He was obliged 
to leave Montreal after a time, and accompany his master 
to Sorel, where there was no Methodist Society. Nor did 
he find much religious assistance from the €hurch of Eng- 
land, which had service in the town. He reproved the 
parson for card-playing in his master's family. The 
minister resented it as impertinent, but his master's son 
vindicated the little soldier's character and intentions. He 
found congenial spirits, however, in the persons of a merchant 
and his lady of that town, a Mr. and Mrs. David See. The 
latter, a IMy of beauty, mind, an^ reading, had been con- 
verted to Ood in girlhood, near St. Alban's, by the instru- 
mentality of the Methodists, and the husband feared God 
above many. Many years after, these excellent persons 
came to Canada West, and settled in Prescott^ where Mr. 
Ferguson was one of their ministers for a time, and again 
enjoyed the hospitality of his former friends. These three 
friends are now together in Abraham's bosom. Mr. Ferg:uson 



310 CASE, AND 

remained in Lower Canada till the ratification of the treaty 
of peace hy the President and Senate of the United States^ 
and its promulgation in Canada hy Sir Gkorge Provost* 
March 1st, 1815. The close of the war found him still in 
the army, where we must leave him for the present. 

234. The Montreal Society about this time was in a state 
of ferment and division. After Mr. Burch discontinued his 
visits to Quebec Mr. Langlois opened a correspondence with -^ 
the Superintendent of the Nova Scotia District for Ministerial 
aid, who was unable to grant them a supply, but applied to 
the Wesleyan Missionary Secretaries in London in their 
behalf. This resulted in the appointment of the Rev. John 
Bass Strong to that city, who arrived in June, 1814. His 
own account of his voyage, safe arrival, and the state of 
religious matters, is contained in the subjoined letter : — 

935. <^ After spending a few days with our friends in Ports- 
mouth, waiting a favorable wind, on Tuesday, the 26th of 
April, my esteemed friend, Mr. Shea, and I took an affecting 
farewell of them. Having all got safe on board, and the 
anchor being weighed, I felt my mind in a very solemn frame, 
partly at leaving my native country, partly from the danger 
of the sea, having, never been upon the water before ; but more 
especially from a view of the importance of the undertaking I 
had embarked in. But glory be to God, I had no doubt that 
he would help me. I endeavoured to cast all my care upon 
the Lord, and to trust in him as my Father and my Friend. 
With the excoption of three or four days after I came on 
board, I had my health well throughout the passage, which 
was a long one, in consequence of calms and head-winds ; bat 
we had no severe storms or hurricanes. When sailing up the 
River St. Lawrence I admired the countrv there, especially 
on the south side. 




236. ** On Tuesday, June 21, we arrired safe at Quebec, 
where all was new to me, excepting the friendship and 
Christian experience of the people of God. It afforded me 
infinite satisfaction to observe that real Christians, though sev- 
ered by mighty and trackless oceans, all speak the same things; 
being equally indebted for salvation to the same Divine mercy, 
and the same Redeemer's merits ; and being made partakers 
of the same Holy Spirit. They had been without regular 
preaching for nearly three years. The number in Society 
at present is between thirty and forty ; but we are in full 
expectation of a great ingathering. A few have been already 
entreating God for mercy, and backsliders are stirred up to 
repent, and do their first works. 0, what a glorious sight 
it is to see sinners who are earnestly crying to God for 
mercy ! May the Lord display his power in the conversion 
of thousands 1 On the Sunday after my arrival, I preached 
to the people here ; and God was with us of a truth. On 
the Sabbath following I preached twice and gave tickets ; 
it was, I believe, a good time to us all. The place in which 
we preach is neat, but small ; I believe irwill be necessary 
to get another. 

237. *^ Quebec is a very pleasant place ; there are many 
respectable inhabitants in it, but the principal part are 
French people; of course the greatest part are Roman 
Catholics. I have been much affected while seeing so many 
hundreds attending mass. I see the great necessity of learn- 
ing the French language, which I think I may possibly do 
very soon ; at least so far as to be able to speak to the people. 
In concluding, I am very comfortably situated, and have 
everything necessary. I lodge at Mr. Shea's, and I assure 
you they are a very pious family, and very kind." 

238. Shortly after he entered on his work in that city. 



312 CASE, Ara> 

Uie jplace of preaching was fouiKL too smaH. The Society 
Ixraght a lot in St. Ann Street, in the summer of 1815, for 
£400, A subscription of a thousand'' (Mr. Langlois does 
-not saj whether dc^lars or pounds,) ''in Quebec, and two 
liuodred and fii^y in Montreal.^ Our principal authority 
mfB of Mr. Strong, — ** He was a young man of about twenty- 
<^ree years of age, of some al>ility ; but without that mature 
judgment by which a preacher in a new mission and a city 
ffhoold be distinguished.'' 

239. The Rev. Bichard Williams, who was the second 
liissionary sent to Canada by the English Conference, went 
to Montreal in 1815, about the time, we suspect, that Mr. 
Burchlefl. The principal part of the Society adhered to 
fakn, and^ took possession of the Chapel as having been 
principally built by funds collected in the old country. Still, 
as the Upper Canada Presiding Elder kept a preacher in 
the city, the society and congr^ation were divided ; and an 
unseemly state of things was presented to the world, tiU the 
year 1820, when ^the difficulty was adjusted by the British 
and American General Conferences. 

240. Mr. Ferguson was in Montreal during the commence 
ment of this turmoil, and his sympathies were evidently with 
the Canadian preachers, British soldier though he was. He 
thought as they were the first to occupy the ground, they 
ought not to have been disturbed. He had received kindness 
from the Methodists indigenous to the country ; and there 
were stronger affinities in the emotional little Irishman for the 
demonstrativeness of those trained in a new country, than for 
the orderly characteristics of the European brethren. 

241. « The Chairman from Halifax visited Quebec in the 
autumn of 1815, and removed Mr. Strong to Montreal, where 
be spent some little time. He married the same year, and 




was removed the following year to Nova Sootia.'^ Mr. Wil- 
liams, who was a 'man of wisdom and oircamspection, was 
sent to take Mr. S.'s place in Qaebec. *^ He snoceeded in 
getting up the old St. Ann Street Chapel, whioh ^as opened 
April, 1817" But we are anticipating. It may be in oar 
power to furnish more particulars concerning these two minis- 
ters heieaHer. 

242. Where the several brethren, under Elder Byan's 
jurisdiction, were stationed from year to year daring the 
period we have just gone over, it is hard to determine. Mr. 
Rhodes began during the war on the Augusta Circuit, bat in 
1813 Mr. Adams found him on the Long Point Circuit. Mr. 
Culp stayed in that Circuit the year after, and Mr. A. was 
his colleague. The writer has traced Messrs. Gulp and 
Prindle on Yonge Street during some part of the war time. 
During the latter part of our period, Mr. Harmon was labor- 
ing near Lake Simcoe. Mr. Whitehead, though he began 
the war on the Smith's Creek Circuit, the writer has traced 
him through the Bay of Quinte country. Bastard, and the 
settlements on the Rideau, before the war ended. He was 
remarked as being very loyal, agreeable in company, and for 
carrying a little tea in his saddle-bags — a luxury then hard 
to obtain, which made his visits to the female part of the 
families he called upon doubly acceptable. The dissipating 
effect of the war spirit and proceedings kept them from meet- 
ing with great success. Doubtless their labors prevented much 
barm. But after the lapse of three years, the number oi 
members appeared as diminished one half; that is, by com* 
paring the returns of 18i2, with those of 1815. 

243. Before we close this '< Sixth Book,'' and the Fibbt 
Volume, we must follow our principal subject, the Rev. 
Wm. Case, during his three years labors in the United 




314 CASW, AND 

Statea, whefre he was detained by the state oi' hostilities 
between the two eoi|DtrieB# Daring the years 1812 and 
181$ he was in pharge of the ODeida District as Presiding 
£)der; a f)iBtriot which oomprebeDded ten Circuits, such 
as Circlets were then, and seventeen preachers, of whom 
be bad the oversight. In 1814 he was Presiding E}dcr on 
the Chenango District, embracing eight Circuit^ and fiftocn 
laborers. These were wide fields to travel over, and at that 
time quite new and rough. At that period he is remem- 
bered by Dr. Peci^ as the urbane and dignified minister, 
elothed in parson grey, breeches and stockings. 

944, lu those days his ministry was a power, as will be 
seen from the following extracts from Bev. Dr. Peck's 
** Early Methodism," which is almost the only source whence 
we get any information concerning that part of his career : — 
** William Case was appointed Presiding Elder on the Oneida 
District, in 1812. It embraced the same ground over which 
he had travelled during the two preceding years, under the 
name of the Cayuga Distriot^ with the exception of the 
Cayuga and Scipio Circuits. The work was enlarging very 
muQh in the Black Biver country, which at this time was 
embraced within the bounds of the Oneida District*' 

245. Speaking of Ostego Circuit in that District, in 1812, 
Dr. P. says, — '* The fire spread over the Circuit. The same 
mode of visiting which we have described, was pursued else- 
where with the same success, and an army of recruits was 
gathered into the Church before the first Quarterly Meeting 
of the year. The Quarterly Meeting was held in a barn in 
Minden, in the month of December, and a warm time it 
was in the old bam, although it was severely cold without 
On the stage were William Case, Ebenezer White, Balph 
Lanning, and Jonathan Huesti^^ all now safely landed on 
the blessed shore.'' 




246. Speaking of Ebenezer White, oar author «ays, 
'* His prayers were the most perfect speoimens of simple, 
earnest, and believing pleadings with God that can be 
imagined. They were always pertinent, and seemed to 
reach every particular case. He was always in the spirit 
of prayer ; his mouth always filled with appropriate words, 
ready to speak to G-od without circumlocution. On one 
occasion, when the Presiding Elder, Rev. Wm. Oaso, was 
opening a love-feast by prayer, his feelings became so excited 
that he paused and gave veot to his tears. All hearts were 
melted and mingled in holy sympathy. A moment elapsed, 
and the voice of Father White was heard. He took up the 
train of thought where Mr^ Case lefl it, and proceeded for 
several minutes in the most earnest and devoted strain of 
supplication ; then on closing a sentence, he paused, and 
Mr. Case resumed the thread of prayer and closed. ^Th^re 
was a most glorious unity in the prayer, for there really was 
but one prayer made, although the two took part in it**' 

247. Our author goes on in a passage which reveals 
Case's purpose of returning to Canada. ''In 1814 
Chenango District was formed from the northern part of 
Susquehanna, and the eastern part of Genesee. William 
Case was the Presiding Elder." The Chenango was the 
Circuit on which Mr. Peck's family resided. He says of 
it as foUoWs^ — *' In 1814, Ealph Lanning and Nathaniel 
Beader" (one destined to labor in Canada,) **were our 
preachers. Lanning was a sensible man, a Bound theologian, 
and a systematic preacher. Reader was earnest and eccen- 
tjric. Another Camp-meeting was held this year on the 
same ground which was occupied the year previous. Here 
Michael Burge appeared as Elder in the place of William 
Qase, who was making preparations to tako charge of the 



816 OASE» AND 

Upper Canada District. Barge oame from the south, and 
was impetaoas, assuming, and orerbearing. It was first 
supposed he came expecting to take oharge of the Chenango 
District the next year. 1£ he had any ambition in that 
direction he was disappointed, for he did not take with the 
preachers, and never had anything in the Conference but 
hard Circuits. At the Camp-meeting referred to, Burge 
preached a slam-bang sermon, which made more people angry 
than it converted, while popular and telling discourses were 
delivered by Ckorge Harmon, Israel Chamberlain, George 
M. Densmore and others. It was a time of power, and much 
good was evidently accomplished." 

248. Mr. Case, daring a part of the time under consider- 
ation, was in a position to see some of the horrors of war, and 
to alleviate some of its miseries, and, among the rest, to minis- 
ter to the souls and bodies of some of his "Canadian brethren, 
whom he had known in former days, and whom he found in 
captivity. This will appear from the following extracts of 
letters written by him at two different intervals. 

249. He says : '* I was present a few hours after the battle 
of Sackett's Harbor, where I witnessed a scene of death and 
carnage more moving than ever I saw before. Numbers lay 
cold in death. Many were groaning with their wounds and 
bleeding in their gore. Myself and two preachers were in 
Rutland, about ten miles from the Harbor, and were about 
to commence clearing off a camp-ground, bat on hearing the 
cannon and constant roll of small arms we gave up the idea of 
work and betook ourselves to prayer. Such sensations I 
never realized before. We knew many of our acquaintances 
were there, among whom were brethren in the Lord. We 
thought on the condition of the women whose husbands and 
sons were exposed ; the welfare of our country, where so much 




was at stake, and the honor of the nation concerned ; but 
more than this a thousand times — the immortal interests of 
the thousands who were engaged in the contest ; and here, 
I know npt that I felt any partiality for Americans more than 
Englishmen: all of one creation— alike the subjects of re- 
deeming blood, all accountable to the King of kings, and 
deserving the same condemnation. With these reflections we 
immediately called the household and fell upon our knees in 
prayer, and the Lord poured on us the spirit of supplication* 
We wept aloud and prayed most fervently to the Euler of 
nations and Saviour of men that he would pardon our national 
crimes, save men from death, protect the Harbor from con- 
quest, and have mercy on the souls of those constantly falling 
in battle. You may suppose that the constant sound of the 
instruments of death gave weight to our concern, and ardency 
to our petitions, with all that grace could inspire. 

250. **"We then mounted our horses and set out for the 
scene of action, that, if possible, we might afford some assist- 
ance as ministers, an^ administer consolation to the wounded 
and dying. When we reached the Harbor the British had 
retreated to their shipping, leaving part of the dead and 
wounded upon the field of battle. These, with our own men, 
were brought in from the field ; the dead were stretched side 
. by side in rows, and the wounded on beds and straw in as 
comfortable a condition as could be expected. We were con- 
ducted by a friend to the several hospitals, where I saw the 
distress of about eighty wounded. I cannot describe my 
feelings to hear the groans of the wounded and dyings some 
pierced through the body, others through the head, some 
bruised by the falling of timbers, others with broken bonesy 
and one whose face was shot away, (save his under jaw,) by a 
grape-shot. He was yet breathing strong. This was a shock- 



318 CASK, ANr 

ing vlcir. B&me were in sneh pain they coma not bo conversed 
witk; others being fatigued and broken of their rest were 
asleep, bnt we conversed with maoy who manifested serious- 
msBSf whom we pointed to the suffering, bleeding Saviour, and 
exhorted them to look to him for mercy. Here I saw how 
oseful a faithful and feeling chapfain might be. Tbe best 
opportunity would present itself in alleviating the miseries of 
men in some decree, by procuring such things as the dis- 
tressed most needed, and fiy comforting them in their aflio* 
tions ; and here he might be heard though at another time his 
connsd might be slighted. 

251. "In conversation with the British wounded I found 
a serious young man who had been a hearer of the Methodist& 
in Ireland, Quebec, and tipper Canada. His name was Hom- 
brook, and he belonged to the 1 00th regiment ; also a brother^ 
Charles Pratt, one of our militia, badly wounded. Both were 
^ad to see and talk mtk their preadiers. 

252^ *^ Having been withoutbread along time, many of tbe 
militia were very hangry. Some wanted coffee, some milk, 
scene breads We gave them the biscuits we carried down, but 
could procure no milk for them. I really desired to stay 
with them; my heart thirsted to do th^emgood. One young 
man who was wounded told me his brother was killed in the 
battfe. His parents^ I believe, live east of the Connecticut 
River. We were then conducted to the remains of Col. Mills, 
of the Albany volunteers. He and the British general. Gray, 
were kad out together, both ^ve, < by mutual wounds ex- 
jHJrei' but now sleep peaeably together. Among the wounded 
I heard no swearing. In this battle several of our brethren 
su&red. Brother Greaves, an ensign in the militia, living 
near the Harbor, and several others were taken prisoners. 
He has written from Montreal to his &mily. Brother Fay, 




of Ellisburgh, was wounded in tlie first part df the ticAattf 
and in attempting to nfake Ua way home^ fell in wlih it body 
of Indians who had landed further up, who shot him several 
times, scalped and mangled him in » horrible manner. Eld 
foody was found seme time alter^ and interred by bis itAket 
near the plaoe. It se^ms the Indians were somehow intef-^ 
ntpted» and in their hasty flight left the seaJp and knif^i 
which were found near the body. Brother F.'s money waa 
found near him on a root i his scalp is in the posseseioii ef 
his widow« 

253. ^ On leaving the harbottr, We eaUed dn sotne brethren, 
Wbo^ witk thetr neighbors, oarried down several gallons of 
milk, and distrilmted among the wounded. We also repre- 
sented their e^se to the congregation at the elose of the 
Gamp-meeting when twenty-five dollars were contributed 
and put into proper hands^ who purchased coffee, f^ngar, and 
other delicacies which they most needed, and from time to^ 
time distributed among them« For this they were very 
thankful, and both English and American blessed me with 
many good wishes when I again visited the hospital^ foui^ 
weeks age^ I found Hombrook had so fair recovered as to 
be able to hobble about Of seventy-five wounded, twenty-^ 
one died. They carried most of their wounded off the fields 
to their boats, in time of battle. Brother Pratt has also 
recovered. The body of Col. Mills was removed to Water- 
town, where his funeral was attended by a' numerous 
assembly of soldiers and citizens, where a sefmon was 
preached on Prov. xxiu 1, when several traits in the char- 
acter of the amiable Colenel were proposed for imltatioa' 
The assembly were movod, and wept. 

354. '^ Our preachers on the HAes have fluent oppot- 
tunitiee of preaching to the sdldiers, who ate very fond df 




hearing. We find it neoessaiy to avoid all political disons-' 
'm»nBf both in pablic and private/' Snoh was the spirit of 
the Methodist preachers along the lines in the war-time. The 
acquaintance which these itinerants had formed with the 
people on both sides before the war, prepared them to act the 
part of good Samaritans to the wounded and prisoners. This 
is ftirtber exemplified from another extract from a letter of 
Mr. Case's, which we subjoin. 

265. Under the date of "Albany, Oct 26, 1813/' he 
writes as follows : — '* This moment I have returned from a 
visit to the barracks in Qreenbush," — where the Canadian 
prisoners were kept — ''in company with brother Merwin/' 
who will be remembered as once stationed in Montreal. 

256. " Having been kindly indulged by Col. Lamed, com- 
mandant to the prisoners, we most joyfully embraced the 
privily of proclaiming to them the sweet liberty of the 
Gospel. They were called together by their officers, and a 
more attentive congr^ation I never expect to address again. 
As soon as we b^n to sing there i^as weeping ; and imme- 
diately on our kneeling to prayer they all knelt down, and 
here and there we heard the voice of Amen to our petition for 
their salvation. I could not solve this till after the service* 
To my great surprise and mingled grief and joy, several 
brethren and acquaintances from Canada came and made 
themselves known to us ; they were militia in arms, and were 
taken near Fort George. Among these were Messrs. Gleorge 
Lawrence, leader at Four Mile Creek; William Clinton, 
from the head of the lake, and Rusael Hawley, brother of 
David Hawley, of the Bay of Quinte. Their captivity was 
an affliction which made friends more consoling." 

257. Mr. Case says the Canadian prisoners *^ were militia 
in arms/' but Mr. Lawrence was an exception. The reader 




will rememocr that he was one of the Methodist Palatine 
stook, and brother of John Lawrence, the second husband of 
Mrs. Philip Embury. In the war-time he was so advanced 
in years as to be exempt from militia duty, although his sons 
bore arms, and one of them was wounded the day his father 
was taken prisoner. Mr. L., senior, kept about the peaceful 
avocations of his farm, and continued to meet his little class 
in his own house in those stormy times. He was made a 
prisoner at his own door at Cross-Boads. The writer, though 
only a child of four years, was there, and remembers well his 
arrest, as he does all events consecutively since the battle of 
Niagara. The Americans were then in the occupancy of 
Fort George, and a portion of the British army were 
entrenched at the Cross-Eoads, about half a mile from Mr. 
Lawrence's residence. A general skirmish had taken place 
all that morning between the pickets and advanced guards of 
the two armies. A body of only ten American Indians, or 
white men disguised like Indians, advanced towards Mr. 
L.'s, where an officer's mess was kept and a guard of thirty 
soldiers posted. The cowardly officer of the guard, one Mc' 
Leod, (let his name go down to posterity,) threatened to 
** cut off the first man's head who fired a shot ;" and, to the 
everlasting disgrace of British soldiers, they took to their 
heels and fled to the camp, leaving the women and children 
to the mercy of the savages. These latter, when they came 
up^ shot a corporal of the Glengarries, a Mr. Smith, who 
chanced to be there, and who boldly stood on bis defence. 
Mr. L. thinking the matter some emeute between the British 
soldiers and our own Indians, passed through the front gate 
into the road, and gave one of the savages his hand, who took 
and held it, while another came up with an angry counte- 
nance and grasped the old gentleman by the neck-cloth, and 
made him a prisoner. He and poor Smith, whom only the 




ooarage of a woman, Mib. Cassady, kept the savages from 
killing oatr^ht in the house, whither he had erawled, were 
led away from our sight Smith died on the road. The 
alarm was given before any one had broken his fast. We 
all fled. The writer's mother and her four youngest child- 
ren, passing the camp^ found the army preparing ft>r match, 
and an elder son and brother just mounting his horse with a 
view to coming to our resone. We followed the retreating 
army through the Black Swamp Boad all that weary day, and 
broke a twenty-four hours' fast at sunset. We had the 
supreme felicity of extending the hospitalities of our humble 
house in York to Mr. Lawrence, whom we all revered and 
loved as a fath^, towards the close of the war, on his way 
back from captivity. The writer met this saint of Qod ** hn 
age and feebleness extreme," and found him rc^icing in 
hopes of the everlasting rest. The critical reader will please 
pardon this short episode, designed to present a little tableau 
relating to the war, and to preserve the memory of awor^y 

258. Mr. Case goes on, " By them " (the prisoners,) *' I was 
informed that in consequence of the troubles there had been 
no preaching in that part for some time ; that Mr. Byan and 
others were travelling and doing all the good they could for 
God and souls : that none of our brethren had been killed. 
Brother Merwin has permission to preach to them every week^ 
and he has appointed to do so every Tuesday afternoon, ii 
the weather will permit. They are a mixed multitude of Eog* 
lish, French, &&, amounting to about five hundred and fifty 
nine, but very anxious for meetings. Brother Merwin is to 
send them Bibles from the Society in this place, and othei 
books. O pray for them I" 

259. Happily the scenes of caniage and misery whidi baa 
passed before us, arising from the strife between two seetions 




of a race of men, who should never he otherwise than friends 
and allies, was about to close. The Caaadian preachers wcr 
to regain the privilege of attending the Conferences of their 
brethren in the States. A number of active and zealous young 
aborers, who had been called iqto the ministry on the southt 
side of the national lino of demarkation during the war, were 
soon to come over to Canada's help. And Mr. Case, our 
principal subject, was now already making preparations to 
return to his first field of ministerial labor, never to leave in 
till summoned to his reward. That uninterrupted Canadia 
life till its dose, will be the subject of a Second Yolume. 


Guelph. 1867« 







The anthor has disclosed to the reader in the Preface the 
difficulties under which he has labored from the late arrival 
of materials, or information sought. The non-arriyal of 
these, in some cases till after the part to which they belonged 
was printed, has occasioned some deficiencies and some inac- 
curacies. , These we now propose to remedy, so &r as the 
means at our disposal will enable us. 

N. B, We shall give first the number of the page and 
paragraph where the correction is to be made, in each 
several case, and then the correction itself; also, the correction 
will be numbered, the number being contained within a par- 
enthesis, thus : (1,) (2,) (3,) &o. 

(1.) Page 8, paragraph 15. There was a Lutheran Min- 
ister in Matilda, a good man, the Rev. Mr. Swartzfader ; and 
one in the Bay of Quinte, near Bath, the Eev. Mr. Scammer- 

(2.) Page 25, paragraph 13* Ryan is well remembered 
both in Dunham and Sutton, G. E., by the oldest people, even 
to this day. 

(3.) Page 26, paragraph 14. We can now supplement 
our deficient account of the Rev. Daniel Pickett by the 
following : — He " was born in the State of Connecticut^ New 
Milford, on the 14th July, 1771. His parents were members 




of the GHuToh of Eagland» and muoh attached to the king, 
and that side of the question, during the war. When quite 
young — perhaps between twenty and twenty-two — ^he married 
Miss Ingersol, a sister of the late Charles Ingersol, Esq., of 
Ingersol, in the county of Oxford^ which county he repre- 
sented for several yeati^ in our Provincial Parliaiqent This 
lady died early in life. Mr. P. subsequently formed another 
matrimonial connection. It was about the close of the last 
century that he emigrated to Canada. He departed this life 
on the 14th of July, I854r, in sure and bertam hope of a 
glorious resorrectioB tinto immortal life." (Minutes of 
Niagara Genfefenee, M. £. G.) 

(4.) Page 35, paragraph 27. Robert Perry had mstrried 
young, but his wife d|ed and he was a widower during the 
time he travelled. 

(5.) Page 57, paragraph 63* It was a mistake to say that 
Jewell wad a native of Ireland — he was more likely born in 

(6.) Page 74, paragraph 96. «*Missiqoi" should be 

(7.) Page 91, paragraph 123. We might have added 
Vannest's sleeping between two logs in the woods of Nelsont 
to the other cases there mentioned. 

(8.) Page 131 , paragraph 27. The incident here mentioned 
in connection with Perry's name is placed too early. It did 
not occur till during one of his later appointments to that 

(9.) Page 169, paragraph 24. A very grave omission is 
made in the list of stations for the Upper Canada District in 
leaving out Detrcit^ with the name of its preacbert WiUiam 




(10.) Page 234, paragraph 81. The author suspects he Is 
wrong iu proaounciDg the ** Father Miller'' on whom Ryan 
and Boehm called in their journey, a ^'Palatine, and the 
„randiather of the Eev. Aaron Miller.'^ It is, perhaps, more 
likely that it was not the German-Irish Gerrct Miller of Ear- 
nestown, but George Miller, a real Dutchman, who lived on 
the Bay Eoad, between Kingston and Adolphustown. 

(11.) Page 245, paragraph 105. We have since Icarnc'I 
that Kilbourn was countermanded, and never went to tLo 
Stanstead Circuit at all. 

(12.) We said, page 15, that the decrease in 1799 was the 
** first" reported for Canada:" it was the third, 

(13.) We failed to say, page 30, that Samuel Coatc re- 
mained at Baltimore a second year, which he did. 

(14.) We wrongly spelled the Vergennes Circuit, in Vt., 
calling it " Verginnes," on page 25. 

(15.) It was a mistake, page 26, to say that Ryan was ever 
Case's ^'Presiding Elde?^'* which he never was. 

(16.) We now supplement paragraph 24, page 33, with the 
following obituary of Mr. Pearse : — 

" Rev. Gershom Pearse was admitted on trial in the New 
York Conference in the spring of 1803, and stationed at 
Plattsburgh. His appointments thereafter were as follows : 
In 1804, at Fletcher; 1805, Niagara; 180G, Oswcgotchic; 
1807, Dunham; 1808, Saratoga; 1809-10, Granville ; 1811, 
Thurman; 1812, Grand Isle ; 1813-14, Cambridge ; 1815- 
16, Montgomery; 1817-18, Sharon; 1819, Albany; 1820, 
Coeymans; 1821-22, Chatham ; 1823-24, Granville; 1825- 
26, PitUfield; 1827, Burlington; 1828-29, Redding ; 1830- 
3 1 , Hempstead and Huntington. At the Conference of 1832 
he b^ame superannuated, and continued in that relation to 




the period of his death. Brother Pearse is remembered by 
the older members of the Gonferenoe as manifesting mucli 
more than ordinary ability. His intellect in force and habit 
is best described by the expression * long-beaded.' He was 
a devout man, at times a most powerful preacher. His ser- 
mons, weighty with thought, fervid with feeling, and in power 
of the Holy Spirit, made a deep and abiding impression. He 
died in much peace at Milan, Ohio, on the 23rd of Marob, 

(17.) •* Upper Canada Zoii7er Circuit" was Coleman's ap- 
pointment iu 1796, instead of ^' Upper," as stated on page 42. 

(18.) The " Upper Circuit" was Woolsey's first in Canada, 
instead of '* Lower," as stjited on page 45, first line. 

(19.) Since the first impression was thrown off, the follow- 
ing obituary of Woolsey has come to hand, which supplements 
the first paragraph on page 46 : — 

••Rev. Elijah WooUey was born July 26, 1771, in Marl, 
borough, Ulster county. New York. His parents were pious; 
his mother especially was deeply devoted to Qod, and no 
doubt imparted to him early religious instruction. 

*• As a result, probably, of the piety and prayers of his pa- 
rents, he was converted to God in his youth, and at twenty 
years of age entered the itinerant ministry, and was stationed 
on Cambridge Circuit. 

*• In 1794 he volunteered his services for Canada. He was 
then but twenty-three years of age. Not only was the country 
which he had chosen as the field of his toil a new country, 
destitute of many of the comforts of civilized life, but the 
road to it for some hundreds of miles was an almost unbroken 
forest. His route lay up the^ Mohawk River to its source, 
thence down Wood Creek to Lake Ontario, and acro8iS*the 




lake into Canada. His companion in this missionary enter- 
prise was the late James Coleman. Their most feasible 
method of travelling was by canoe ; and after incredible toil 
and hardship, sleeping from fifteen to twenty nights in the 
woods, they accomplished their journey. 

''Here he laboured with dUigenoe and success for two 
years» and left a gratefal memorial of himself in the hearts of 
the people. He continued to fill various Circuits, stations, 
and districts, often preacbiDg under the influence of power 
from on high, and participating in many gracious revivals of 
religion, until 1835, when he was returned supernumerary, in 
which and the superannuated relation he continued until his 

'' After desisting from the regular work of an itinerant min- 
ister, he chose for his residence Rye, Westchester county, 
N. Y., where he endeared himself to the people hj preaching 
when able, assisting it the various social means of graces and 
uniting in affectionate Christian intercourse. His decease 
was preceded by a long and gradual decline, during which he 
exhibited Christian resignation and cheerfulness, and his 
spirit often rejoiced in God his Saviour. 

«* Father Woolsey was a man of great benevolence of char- 
acter, and amenity of manners. He seemed to have the happy 
art of attaching to himself his associates without effort on his 
part, and those attachments were lasting as life. 

** He was a holy man, a good preacher, and he shall be held 
in everlasting remembrance." 

(20.) The two years, 1796 and 1797, during which we 
were unable to account for Jewell, on page 57, were spent on 
Somersett and Dorchester Circuits, Maryland. 

(21.) James Aikin's death took place in 1823, instead of 
<* 1821," as we erroneously stated on page 64. 




(22.) Yftiineilt trM a Snperanauate 39 yeacs, instead <tf 
21, as 8Ulc4 page 82. 

(23.) Ihr. Beed says Phifip Ayre, mentioned pago 140 
locate in 1836. 

(24.) We ooold give n<r satbfactoty aocotint of Lansford 
Wbitingy OA page 192, hit we h^re subjoin hia obituary : — 

«*Lanflford Whiting — for want of oorrect iuforsiation M 
are not abb to i&y when or where he was bom, but It a^peattf 
that he was made a subject of the coBverting g^aeie of €kid 
and beeame a member of the Methodist Episeopal Cbsroh 
about the year 1804. 

** He entered the crayelling connection in 1808, and y/NUf 
appointed to labor on Plattsburg Circuity in 1809 b^ Was 
stationed on Dunham ; 1810 on Thurman ; at the Oonfir^liieer 
in 1811 he yolunteered to accompany Bishop M'KmKbee t& 
the Western Conference. After Us depasture from Hhyr 
Toil ho was taken sick on board the sloopi iu whieh there 
were a number of preachers returning from Conlbi^iiee; JSpm 
consultadon, it was thought best to put hiih oa shore at 
Poughkeepsie, for the purpose of obtaining Utedical aid, and 
he was accordingly put on shore on Thursdaiy evenoiigv and 
committed to the care of Dr« Jamea CovelK On the next day 
it was discovered that his disorder was the small^por, which 
it seems he had taken while attending the Conferenae in New 
York, and which proved to be of the confluent kind* 

** His disorder was severe, and its progress rapid, so that it 
terminated in death the Monday evening following, being the 
4t^ of June, 1811, abotit the 25th year of his age. 

'^In fk]l the relatiotm which he fiHed among us, as a private 
member of the church, and as a travelling preacher, he was a 
yoongman of exemplary piety, and highly respected by those 
who knew him. In hitt the graces of the Spirit shone with 




a peculiar lastre, and tbe tenor of bie life seemed to be a liv- 
ing aod practical comment on tbe gospel of Jesus Christ, bid 
DiTine Master. Seriousness, quietness, meekness, and pa- 
tience, were some of bis peculiar exeellenees, and In bim Ibese 
were seen in tbat degree wbicb is sddom equalled, and perhaps 
never exceeded. 

*«His last illness, which terminated tbe mortal scene, was 
short and severe, and of a nature to give but little opportunity 
for conversation about tbe things of God, be not being able 
to converse without great pain j yet there was opportunity 
enoagb for bim to express his firm confidence fn bis Redeemer^ 
and tbe glorious hope of eternal life through bim. From bis 
conversation, wbicb was solemn and savoury, (as reported by 
those who were with Urn,) we conclude that there is no room 
kft ta doubt tbat be has made a happy exchange of a world 
of sorrow and pain for a world of joy, peaces and everiasting^ 
happiness; where pain, sin, sorrow and death are all done 

(25;) Tbe total number on tbe same page is wrong — tbe 
true return was 3,173, for tbe year 1809-10. 

(26') The old Journals of the Genesee Conference state bis^ 
brethren would not give George MoCracken a " location" til] 
certain " charges were answered.'* We fin*! no record of tbe 
issue of the investigation. (To supplemeni p^e 199.) 

(27.) Of Mitchell, whom we could trace no further, on page 
212, we are now enabled to present the fellowuig obituary : — 

*♦ Dr. James Mitchell was born in the county of Monaghan, 
Ireland, in or about tbe year 1777. In his eighth year he 
lost bis father, and his training, along with that of a large 
family of children, devolved upon bis widowed mother. Soon 
after attaioing his majority the faiuiljr emigrated to America, 
and settled at Soudersburgh, in Lancaster, Pa., where there 
was at that time a fiourishiD&r Methodist Enisconal Church. 




With this our brother connected himself, and in the year 1805 
received license as an exhorter from the Rev. Solomon Sharp. 
The appointment to which he was then attached was on the 
old Danphin Circnit The year following he was received on 
trial into the Philadelphia Annual Conference. His first field 
of labor was on the eastern shore of Maryland. He waa ^r- 
dain^d in this city by Bishop Asbnry, on the 22nd of March* 
1808, and at the same Conference was transferred to the 
Oenesee conntry, where he travelled one or two ytars, and 
endured considerable hardships, upon which, after he had 
become aged, he delighted to converse with his children and 
grandchildren* Here he frequently slept in the woods, with 
his saddle for a pillow, and the heavens for a covering. It 
was also while travelling in this country that he enjoyed the 
companionship of the Rev. William D. Lacey, with whom he 
afterward frequently corresponded, and for whom he con* 
tracted a firm and ardent friendship. 

** He was ordained Elder by Bishop M'Eendree at Lyon» 
in the State of New York, on the 24th of July, in the year 
1810. The two following years he spent in Canada, first at 
Montreal, (where, through his enterprise and activity, he 
succeeded in erecting a church building,) and afterward at 
Quebec. But not being pleased with this country, he wrote 
to Bishop Asbury desiring that he might be appointed to a 
more southern latitude. The manner in which his request 
was regarded by the first American Bishop may be discovered 
in two original letters, written by the hand of Asbury, and 
which have been preserved among his papers. The first of 
these is on a slip of pi^per of two inches in width. It is 
without date, and in these words : ' I have tried with all my 
might to release you from Quebec, but cannot ; perhaps you 
had better take up the f (cross) and try it one year more. — 





The other is on an entire slieet of paper, a large pordon of 
wbicb, however, is occupied by an affectionate letter from the 
venerable Henry Boehm, who at the time ot the writing was 
the traveling companion of Asbary. It is dated Baltimore. 
March 19, 1811. The following is a copy : 

** My Dear Jimmy, — Great grace rest upon you in your 
soul, and services for God and souls. I am pleased exceed- 
ingly to hear of your being well and doing well. It is not 
possible to know the importance of regular attention in a 
station like Quebec. Many peculiarities will attend changes. 
We wish to come as near to you as possible to have the fullest 
information of persons and things. You will be sure your 
brethren view you as placed in an important station* so re- 
mote from them. Accept their prayers and their confidence. 
We have no fears of your betraying your trust. 

'' I am most confidentially and affectionately yours^ 


" p. S. — I think the probability is that your brother Wil- 
liam will come to see you if ^ou stay patiently a little longer 
in Canada. F. A." 

«*Upon the breaking out of the war of 1812, Brother 
Mitchell was permitted to return to the States, and was 
appointed to Dauphin Circuit. In 1814 he was married to 
Miss Eliza Brobst, of Lancaster County, Pa., the mother of 
Mrs. Dr. Nesmith, through whose kindness we have been 
furnished with much information with regard to her deceased 
father. He afterward travelled Chester Circuit, where the 
health of his wife having failed, he determined upon a loca- 
tion. In 1816 he matriculated in the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, and having attended the lectures there for some time, 
succeeded to a situation in the Southern Dispensary of this 
city. It was not long until he obtained a quite extensive and 




lucrative praoUce^ and took up his residence in Fifth-street 
above Spruce, where he coatioued to live until his departure 
from our midst 

" Dr. Mitchell received a location which he retained until 
about 1824, when he was again received into the Conference 
as a Supernumerary. Dn Sargeant was also received at the 
same time« But so £ar as we have been informed neither of 
them at anj time made any claim upon its funds. Dr.^. 
Mitchell and his family usually worshipped with the congrega- 
tion of the Methodist Episcopal Union Church, in whose 
communion he also died. 

"As far as his professional duties and health would permit, 
he continued to labor in the Church of Grod by preaching tbe 
Qospel and admiiiistering the Sacraments until the infirmities 
of advancing years entirely forbade all further toil. His first 
wife di^d soon after his settlement^ and in a hw years after- 
ward be was united in marriage with Miss Eliza Landreth 
the mother of the lamented Sarah J. Hum, who, with her 
died several years before him. 

" Ho was greatly beloved by his family and respected by 
his friends. His confidence in Christ remained stead&st to 
the end. " In age and feebleness extreme," he at length lay 
down to die. The members of his family who stood at bis 
bedside perceived no fearful struggles with the final messen- 
ger, but saw their parent as he calmly and without a groan 
surrendered his spirit up to God, and resigned himself to his 
last slumber. He died -April 13, 1859, in the 83rd year of 
his age." 

(28 ) Paragraph 49, page 220, Peter Covenhoven was 
thirty years old when he entered the work. 

(20.) On page 257 we made the increase for the year 
(1811-12,) too large — it was one thousand and ninety-one. 




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