Skip to main content

Full text of "Cassell's Latin dictionary : Latin-English and English-Latin"

See other formats


The following pages are 
damaged in the original: 

63-64, 183-184, 

35 NO! 



City, utah 84150 


In preparing a Revised Edition of the Latin-English part of this 
Dictionary, the aim 1ms been so to adapt the work that it may 
be suited for the middle forms of public schools. It is above all 
intended to be a Dictionary of Classical Latin, and thus a .large 
number of archaic, or post-Augustan words, have been omitted, 
while nearly all the important articles have been entirely re- 
written, chiefly with the v.ew of introducing a greater number 
of quotations to illustrate constructions and usage. The historic 
and geographical notices have been largely in<£ >sed in mr 
and lessened in size. Etymologies have been added, 
those of an unambitious kind. It is hoped that tl 
changes that have been made in type and classificati 
the work more intelligible, and so more useful. I 
" closely follows and in many points is based on the 
Dictionary of Professor Georges.* 

- Latemisch-Deutsches Handworterbuch von Karl Ernst Georges. 
Siebunte Auflage. Leipzig. lfc<0. 


ablat. ablative. 

absol. absolute, absolutely, i.e. without de- 
pendent case or adjunct. 

abstr. abstract. 

accios. accusative. 

act. active. 

adj. adjective. 

adv. adverb. 

al. I. alia lectio or alii legunt (a different 

ap. followed by a proper noun, e.g., ap. Cic. 
— iu the works of. 

appellat. appellative (when a proper noun 
is used as a common noun, e.g. when 
Achilles = a brave, handsome man). 

attrib. attribute or attributive. 

a. Aug. ante-Augustan. 

Aug. Augustan. 

c. common. 

conj. conjunction. 

collect, collective. 

compar. comparative. 

concr. concrete. 

conn, connected. 

correl. correlative 

constr. construction. 

contr. contraction or contracted. 

cp. compare. 

dat. dative. 

decl. declension. 

defect, defective. 

demonstr. demonstrative. 

de.p deponent. 

desidtr. desiderative. 

diff. different. 

dim. diminutive. 

dissyll. dissyllable. 

ilistrib. distributive. 

<*?<&. doubtful. 

eccl. eceles, astical 

•A. edition. 

e.g. exemv li gratia (for example). 

ellipt. elliptical, elliptically. 
enclit. enclitic. 
Eng. English. 
esp. especially. 
etc. et cetera. 
eth. dat. ethic dative. 
etijm. etymology. 

evphem. euphemism or euphemistical. 
euphon. euphonic, euphonically. 
ex. exs. example, examples. 
/. feminine. 

Jig. figurative or figure. 
fin. or ad fin. at the end. 
foil, followed by. 
follg. following. 
/■■ f. r,-., 
Fr. French. 

freq. frequently or frequentative. 
fut. future. 

gen. general or generally. 
genit. genitive. 
'geogr. geographical. 
Germ. German. 
Gr. GrcAi. 
gram, grammatical. 
heterocl. heteroclite. 
heterog. heterogeneous. 
ib. ibidem. 
id. idem. 

i.e. id est (that is). 
impcr. imperative. 
iinperf. imperfect. 
impers. impersonal. 
inanim. inanimate. 
inchoat. inchoative, inceptive. 
inded. indeclinable. 
indef. indefinite. 
indie, indicative. 
infin. infinitive. 

init., in, or ad init. at the beginning. 
interns, intensive. 
interrog. interrogative. 

..•tijkj .v 



>■/. pluperfect. 
'. poetical or poetically. 
po'.U. political or politically. 
posit, positive. 

(?. preceding. 
prep, pit-position. 
. present. 

pron. pronoun. 
prop, properly, 
prop, proverb or proverbially. 
q.v. quod or quae vide (which see). 
rtJL reflective or reflectively. 
reg. regular or regularly, 
re?, relative. 
rdirj. religious. 

rhct. rhetoric, rhetorical, or rhetorically. 
Rom. Roman. 
Sansc. Sanserif. 

K. scilicet (that is to say, namely). 
script, scriptor (writer). 
sing, singular. 

sq. seqnens (and the following). 
subj. subjunctive. 
subject, subjective or subjectively. 
tnb$L substantive. 
s»ff. snfflx. 
mp. supine. 

'. superlative. 
s. v. sub voce. 
syl syllable. 

synenp. syncope or syncopated. 
synonym, synonymous. 
t.t. technical term. 
trans/, transferred. 
transl. translation or translated. 
trisyll. trisyllable. 
v. verb, vide, or vox. 
voc. vocative. 

intr. Intransitive) 

i.q. idem quod. 

irreg. irregular. 

It. Italian. Latin. 

Iff. literal. 

I. !<.ctio (reading). 

locat. casus locativuu. 

m. masculine. 

WUttkeM. mathematical. 

m*rf. medical or medically. 

met. metaphorically. 

meton. by metonymy. 

mid. middle. 

milif. military. 

. manuscript. 
MSS. manuscripts. 
*. neuter. 
iwuL nautical. 
neg. negative. 
neut. neuter. 
non. nominative, 
num. numeral. 

objective or objectively. 
onomatop. onomatopoeia or onomatopoeic. 
of,), opposite t >. 

orlg. original or originally. 
T- l»ge. 

p. adj. participial adjective. 
p. £wj. post- Augustan. 
partic. participle. 
partit. partitive. 
put. passive. 
per/. perfect. 

pert, person, personal, or personally. 
jMtotoph. philosophical or philosophy. 
pleoruut. pleonastical or plconastically. 
pl*r. plural. 


A. Aulas, Augustus, absolvo, antiquo, annus. 
a.d. Ante diem (in dates). 

A.U.C. Anno urbis conditae, ab urbe con- 

B. Bonus or bene. 

B.D. Bona Dea, bonuin datum. 

B.L. Bona lex. 

B.O. Bono online, bona omina. 

B.P. Bono publico, bona possessio. 

B.M. Bene merenti. 

B.V.V. Bene vale, vale ! 

C. Cajus, conjux, condemno. 

C. As num. sign= centum. 
Cal. Calendae. 

Cn. Cnaeus. 
Corn. Cornelius. 

D. Decimus, Divus, detis, dominns, decnrio, 
dies, dabani. 

D.D. Donodedit. 

D.D.D. Dat donat dedieat. 

D.M Diis manibus. 

D.O.M. Deo Optimo niaximo. 

D.P.S. De pecunia sua. 

D.S. De suo. 

D.N. Dominus noster. 

E. Emeritus, evocatus. 

E.M.V. Egregiae memoriae vir. *^*k 

E.P. Equo publico. 
E.Q.R. Eques Romanus. 

F. Filius, fecit, lidelis, felix. 
F.C. Faciendum curavit. 
F.I. Fieri jussit. 

Fl. Fhvius 

Fl. P. Flamen perpetuus. 

G. Ga.jus, Gallica, Geinina. 
G.I. Germania Inferior. 

II. Hie, etc., lmbet, liastata (cohors), heres, 

Har. Haruspex. 
H.C. Hispania citerior. 
Hor. Horatia tribu. 
H.S. Hie situs est. 

U.S. (Mistake for IIS.), sestertius, sester- 

H.S.S. Hie siti sunt. 

I. In, infra, ipse. 

l.D. Idus. 

I.H.F.C. Ipsius lieres faciendum curavifc 

Im. Immunis. 

Imp. imperium, imperator. 

K. Kacso. 
Kal. Kalendae. 

L. m Lucius, libra. 

L. As num. sign = 50. 

51. Marcus.' 

M'. Manias. 

M. As num. sign = mille. 

N. Numerius. 
Non. Xonae. 

O. Optimus, omnis. 

P. Pnblius. 
P.C. Patres conscript!. 
P.M. Pontifex Maximus. 
P.R, Populus Romanus. 
P. VIII. Pedum octo. 
Prid. Pridie. 

Q. Quintus, que. 

R. Rnfus, Romanus, recte, regnum, re€d» 



B.P. Respubllca. 
It. It. Ratlonea relatae. 

8. Scxtus, Benatue, semlssis. 

S. or Sp. Spin ins. 

S.C. Senatus consultum. 

S P.Q.R. Senatus popnlusqne Romanus. 

T- Titus tribunus. 

Ti. Tiberius. 

Tr. pi. Tribunus plcbis. 

U. UrbS (Roma). 

V. Valeo, vir, vivus, vivens, votum. 

X. = 10, and also in coins denarius. 
X.Y. Decemvir. 
XV. V. Quindecimvir. 


App. Lucius Appuleius, philosopher, born 

about 130 B.C. 
Auct. b. Afr. Auctor belli African]". 
Auct. b. Alex. Auctor belli Alexandrini. 
Auct. b. Hisp. Auctor belli Hispani. 

Caes. Caius Julius Caesar, historian, died 

44 B.C. 
Cat. C. Valerius Catullus, poet, born 87 


Cato. M. Porcius Cato, orator and historian, 
j, died 147 b.c. 

Cic. M. Tullius Cicero, orator and philoso- 
pher, died 43 b.c. 
Col. L. Jun. Moderatus Columella, writer 
on husbandry, of the 1st cent. a.d. 

Enn. Q. Ennius, poet, died 1G0 b.c. 
Eutr. Flavins Eutropius, historian of the 
4th cent. a.d. 

Hirt. Aulus Hirtius, historian, died 43 b.c. 
N Hor. Q. Horatius Flaccus, poet, died S b.c. 

Juv. D. Junius Juvenalis, poet of the 1st 
cent. a.d. 

Liv. T. Livius Patavinus, historian, died 

16 B.C. 

Lucan. M. Annaeus Lucanus, poet, died 

G5 A.D. 

Lucr. T. Lucretius Cams, poet, died about 

00 B.C. 

Mart. M. Valerius Martialis, poet of the 1st 
cent. a.d. 

Nop. Cornelius Nepos, writer of biographies 
of the 1st cent. a.d. 

Oy. P. Ovidius Xaso, poet, died 10 a.d. 

Pers. A. Persius Flaccus, satirist, died 

02 a.d. 
Petr. T. Petronius Arbiter, satirist, died 

07 a.d. 
Phaedr. rhaedrus, fabulist of the 1st cent. 


Plant. M. Accius (or T. Maccius) Plautus, 

died 1S4 b.c. 
Plin. C. Plinius Secundus (major), naturalist, 

died 79 a.d. C. Plinius Caecilius Secundus 

(minor), died about 100 a.d. 
Prop. Sex. Aiuciius Propertius, poet, died 

10 B.C. 

'Q. Cic. Quintus Cicero, brother of M. Tul 

Quint. M. Fabius Quiutilianus, rhetorician 

of the 1st cent. a.d. 

Sail. C. Crispius Sallustius, died -J 4 B.C. 
Sen. L. Annaeus Seneca, philosopher, died 

05 A.D. 

Stat. P. Papillitis Statius, poet of the 1st 

cent. a.d. 
Suet. C. Suetonius Tranquillus, writer of 

biographies of the 1st and 2nd cent. A-D. 

Tac. C. Cornelius Tacitus, historian, born 

between 50 and 60 a.d. 
Tor. P. Terentius Afer, writer of comedies 

of the 2nd cent. b.c. 
Tib. Albius Tibullus, poet, died IS b.c, 

Varr. M. Terentius Varro, writer on hus- 
bandry, etc., born 82 b.c. 

Veil. P. Velleius Paterculus, historian of 
the 1st cent. a.d. 

Verg. P. Vergiliua Maro, poet, died about 

ID B.C. 

Vitr. Vitruvius Pollio, writer on architec- 
ture, died about 14 B.C. 



of the 

January! August, 
December — 31 days. 

March, May, July, 
October— 31 days. 

April, June, 
November — 30 


February— 28 days, 
in leap year. 29. 


Kal. Jan. Aug 

. Dec. 

Kal. Mart. Mai. 
Jul. Oct. 

Kal. Apr. Jun. 


Kal. Febr. 


a.d. (auto diem) iv. 
Hon. (Jan., Aug., 

a.d. VI. Non. Mart. 
Mai. Jul. Oct. 

a.d. iv. Non. Apr. 
Jun. Sept. Nov. 

a.d. iv. Non. Fel 



a.d. in. ,, 


a.d. v. ,, ,, 

a.d. in. ,, 

J J 

a.d. in. ,, 



Pridie ,, 


a.d. iv. „ „ 

Pridie ,, 


Tridie ■ ,, 



Non. Jan. 


a.d. in. ,, ,, 

Non. Apr. 
Sept. Nov. 


Non. Febr. 


a.d. viii. Id. 
Aug. Dec. 


Pridie ,, 

a.d. VIII. Id. Apr 

Sept. Nov. 


a.d. viii. Id. Fel 



a.d. vit. „ 


Non. Mart. Mni. 
Jul. Oct. 

a.d. vn. ,, 


ad. VII. ,, 



a.d. vi. „ 


a.d. viii. Id. Mart. 
Mai. Jul. Oct. 

a.d. vi. 


a.d. VI. „ 



a.d. v. 


n.d. vn. „ ,, 

a.d. v. „ 


a.d. v. „ 



a.d. iv. 


a.d. vt. „ 

a.d. IV. „ 


a.d. iv. „ 



a.d. in. ,, 


a.d. v. „ „ 

a.d. m. ,, 


a.d. in. ,,. 



Pridie ,, 


a.d. iv. 

Pridie ,, 


Pridie ., 



Jd. Jan. Aug 


a.d. m. „ „ 

Id. Apr. Jun. 



Id. Febr 


a.d. xix. Kal, 
. Jan. 


Pridie ,, ,, 

a.d. xviii. Kal. 
Jul. Oct. Dec 


a.d. xvi. Kal. M 



a.d. XVIII. „ 


Id. Mart. Mai. Jul. 

a.d. xvn. „ 


a.d. xv. 



a.d. xvn. „ 


a.d. xvii. Kal. Apr. 
Jun. Aug. Nov. 

a.d. xvi. ,, 


a.d. xiv. ,. 



a.d. xvi. ,, 


a.d. xvi. ,, ,. 

a.d. xv. ,, 


a.d. xm. ., 



a.d. xv. ,, 


a.d. xv. ,, ,, 

a.d. xiv. ,, 


a.d. xji. ,, 



a.d. xiv. ,, 


a.d. xiv. „ 

a.d. xxii. ,, 


a.d. xt. ,, 



a.d. xni. „ 


a.d. xtii. „ ,, 

a.d. XII. ,, 


a.d. x. „ 



a.d. xii. ,, 


a.d. xii. ,, ,, 

a.d. xi. ,, 


a.d. ix. „ 



a.d. xi. „ 


n.d. xi. ,, „ 

a.d. x. ,, 


a.d. vn. ,, 



a.d. x. ,, 


a.d. x. ,, „ 

n.d. ix. „ 


a.d. VII. ,, 



a.d. ix. ,, 


a.d.ix. „ ,, 

a.d. VIII. ,, 


a.d. VI. ,, 



a.d. vni. „ 


a.d. vin. ,, ,, 

a.d. vn. ,, 


a.d. v. ., 



a.d. vn. „ 


a.d. vn. ,, ,, 

a.d. vi. „ 


a.d. iv. .. 



n.l. vi. 


n.d. vi. „ ,, 

a.d. v. ,, 


a.d. in. ,, 



a.d. v. 


a.d. v. „ 

a.d. iv. 

1 1 


II j 


a.d. iv. 


a.d. iv. „ „ 

a.d. III. ,, 




a.d. ill. ,, 


a.d, m. ., „ 

Priil ic ,, 



' Pridie „ 


Pridie ,, ,, 


I. — (a) Brackets ( ) enclosing the first syllable of a compound verb, de- 
note that both the simple and compound forms of the verb are 
in use, as (de)curri!re. Lack of space, as a rule, has prevented 
the explanation of the difference in shades of meaning between 
the two forms. "Where the student finds this a difficulty, a 
reference to the Latin-English section will at once relieve him. 
An English-Latin Dictionary serves its best purpose when it 
encourages the beginner to consult quotations from Roman 
authors in a good Latin Dictionary. 

(b) Brackets enclosing a single letter ' denote that the word was 

written sometimes with and sometimes without that letter. 
Thus, ez(s)pectare shows that the two forms exspectare and 
exjpectare were both in use. Ths-Jable at the beginning of 
Messrs. Lewis and Short's Latin Dictionary has frequently 
been consulted in respect to the spelling of doubtful words. 

(c) Brackets enclosing a whole word denote that the word may be 

inserted or omitted according to the context. Thus for "tide," 
aestus (mar Minus) implies that aestvs maritiwus is the full 
phrase, for which aestus alone may sometimes serve. 

II. — Space has not allowed the insertion of much help in the way of 
declensions and conjugations, but the genitive of nouns in 
the fourth declension is given to distinguish them from those 
of the first. Where such a genitive occurs in a phrase, 
it is given thus, aestus, -u\- t maritimus. In a few other 
instances of doubtful words, genitives are also given. 

III. — * prefixed to a word denotes that it is of modern or very late 
Latin origin, t appended to a word denotes that it is only 
used, in the Classical period, by poets. 


alas = aliquis uhjm ^= aliquem 

alqd = illiquid alqavi — aliquant 

alcjs = alicujus alqo = aliquo 

alei =: alicui alqd = aliqva 


Ante and Tost Aug. = used by writers before and after the time 
of Augustus. 

Circumloc. = circumlocution. 

Cla«s. — Classical, i.e. belonging to the best period of Latin literature. 

Com. = used by the comic poets. 

Comb. = in combination. 

Eccl. = used by the ecclesiastical writers. The asterisk (*) is some- 
times used to prevent a repetition of Eccl. after each of the 
derivatives in a single paragraph. 

Gram. = used by the Latin grammarians. 

Inaorip. = found in inscriptions. 

Jet. = used by the Jurisconsults, or lawyers. 

Late ; very late = used by authors after the Classical period. 

M d. Lat. = Latin of the Middle Ages. 

Opp. = in opposition to. 

V. — Abbreviations of the names of authors peculiar to the English-Latin 
section of the Dictionary. 
Ammian. Ammianus Marcellinus, historian, 4th cent. a.d. 
Cels. A. Cornelius Celsus. writer on medicine, 1st cent. A.D. 
Curt. Q. Curtius Rufus. historian, probably 1st cent. a.d. 
Linn. Karl von Linr ' :• Linnaeus, modern botanist, l!Hh cent. 
Prise. Priscianus, grammarian. 5th cent. a.d. 
Veget. Flavins Renatus Vcgetius. military writer, 1th cent. A.D. 
VaL Max. Valerius Maximus, compiler of anecdotes, 1st cent. a.d. 

* V 


Latin-English dictionary. 

A a, the first letter of the Latin Alphabet. 
a as an abbreviation, see the Table. 

a, ah, interj. Ah ! Verg. 

a, ab, abs, prep, with abl. (a stands be- 
fore consonants except h ; ab before vowels, h, 
and consonants ; abs only before c, q, t). Ab 
denotes motion in any direction from a fixed 
point (opp. ad). I. Lit., in space, A. Of motion, 
1, away from; fuga ab urbe, Cic. ; 2, a, from 
. . . to; ad carceres a calec revocari, Cic. ; ab 
aliqno (esp. a me, a te, a se, a nobis, a vobis), 
from the house of, Cic. With verbs of taking, 
hearing, etc., such as accipio, enio, audio, cog- 
nosco, comperio ; a me, from my purse, Cic. ; of 
dependents or disciples, Zeno et qui ab eo sunt, 
Zeno and his school, Cic; b, down from ; sus- 
pendcre columbam a malo, Verg. ; c, usque ab, 
right away from ; plausus usque ab capitolio ex- 
citatus, Cic. B. 1, of direction, from; a supero 
mari Flaminia (via), ab infero Aurelia, Cic. ; 2, 
on 'the side of; a septentrionibus, on the north, 
Caes. ; afronte, atergo, a latere, a dextro cornu, 
Cic. ; ab novissimis, in the rear, Caes. C. Of 
distance, from; 1, Lit., from a point, with such 
verbs as abesse, distare, and with procul, longe, 
prope ; ab millibus passuum, a thousand paces 
distant, Caes.; 2, Transf., to express difference, 
with such verbs as ditferre, discrepare ; quantum 
mutatus ab illo, Verg. ; 3, of number or position, 
after ; quartus ab Arcesila, Cic. II. Transf., A. 
Of time, 1, with reference to duration, from ; ab 
hora tertia bibebatur, Cic. ; a pueris, from boy- 
hood, Cic. ; 2, with reference to distance of time, 
from; cuius a morte hie tertius et tricesiinus an- 
nus, Cic. B. Of various relations implying the 
notion of starting from a point ; 1, of agency, with 
pass, and intrans. verbs, bi/;reprehendiabaliquo, 
Cic. ; interireabaliquo, Cic. ; 2 f of origin, from, 
of; a, id facinus natum a cupiditate, Cic. ; b, 
of naming, puero ab inopia Egerio inditum no- 
meii, Liv. ; 3, in relation to; imparati quum a 
niilitibus turn a pecunia, Cic. ; 4, from, out of 
(of part of a number) ; nonnulli ab novissimis, 
Caes. ; 5, in relation to the part of the body with 
which a person serves ; servus a pedibus,/oo<ma?i., 
Cic. ; a inarm servus, umanuensis, Suet. 

abactus -a -ran, partic. of abigo. 

abacus -i, m. (d/3af). 1, a counting-board, 
Pers. ; 2, a gaming-board divided into compart- 
ments, Suet. ; 3, a sideboard, Cic. ; 4, in archi- 
tecture, a, mosaic panelling; b, the square slab 
on the top of a column. 

abalienatlo -onis, f. alienation of property, 

aballcno, 1. to separate. A. Lit., 1, to 
separate, Plaut. ; 2, to alienate (property) ; agros 
populi, Cic. B. Transf., 1, to deprive ; abalien- 
ati Jure civiura, Liv. ; 2, to estrange; aliquem 
eb aliquo, Cic. 


Abas -antis, m. king of Argos, father of 
Acrisius; hence, a, adj., Abanteus -a -urn; 
b, Abantiades -ae, m. a descendant of Abas, 
Acrisius (son of Abas), Perseus (great-grandson of 

abavus -i, m. a great-great-grandfatlier, Cic. ; 
and in general, forefatlter, Cic. 

Abdera -orum, n. plur. ('ApSrjpa, ra). I. a 
town in Tlirace (now Polystilo or Asperosa), birth- 
place of Protagoras and Democritus, noted for the 
stupidity of its inhabitants ; hie Abdera, here 
reigns stupidity, Cic. ; also Abdera -ae, f. 
Oy._ II. a town in Spain (now Adra). Abde- 
rites -ae (abl. -a), m. an inhabitant of Abdera, Cic. 

abdicatio -onis, f. 1, disowning of a son, 
Plin. ; 2, renouncing of an office; dictaturae, Liv. 

1. abdlco, 1. 1, to renounce, disown ; aliquem 
patrein, Liv. ; 2, to abdicate (a magistracy by a 
formal declaration), se non modo consulatu sed 
ctiani nbsrtate, Cic. ; in Sail, and Liv. with 
simple accusative, magistratum, Sail. ; dictatu- 
ram, Liv. ; absol., ut abdicarent consules, Cic. 

2. abdico -dixi -dictum, 3. t. t. of augury, ' 
to refuse assent to, disapprove of (opp. addico) ; 
quum tres partes (vineae) aves abdixissent, Cic. 

abdite, adv. secretly, Cic. 

abditivus -a urn, removed, separated, Plaut. 

abditus -a -um, p. adj. (of abdo), concealed, ' 
secret. I. Lit., vis abdita quaedam, Lucr. II, 
Transf., res abditae et obscurae, Cic. ; neut. 
plur., abdita rerum, deep thoughts, Hor. 

abdo -didi -ditum, S. A. Gen., to put 
away, wWidraw, remove; copias ab eo loco ab- 
ditas, Caes. ; hence, 1, of a weapon, to drive in; 
lateri capulo tenus ensem, Verg. ; 2. reflex., ab- 
dere se in aliquem locum ; to withdraw oneself, 
to retire; in intimam Macedonian!, Cic; in 
bibliothecam; in litteras (or litteris), Cic. B. 
to secrete, to hide ; ferruni veste, Liv. ; se in 
scalarum tenebras, Cic. 

abdomen -Inis, n. the belly, Plaut. ; especi- 
ally as seat of the appetite, gluttony ; manebat 
insaturabile abdomen, Cic. ; natusabdomini suo, 
whose godis his belly, Cic. ; abdominis voluptatos, 
pleasures of appetite, Cic. 

abduco -duxi -ductum, 8. to lead or take 
away. I, A. Lit., 1, aliquem e foro, Cic. ; 2, to 
take away for punishment ; collegam vi Ue foro, 
Liv. ; in lautumias, Cic. ; 3, to elope with ; 
tiliam mimi Isidori, Cic. ; 4, to steal ; maucipia, 
Cic. ; armeuta, Ov. B. Transf., to seduce a p«r- 
son from his allegiance ; equitatum 1 Mabellae ad 
se, Cic. II. In a wider sense, A. to relieve; 
animum a sollicitudiuu, Cic B. to bring down, 
to lower ; artein ad mercedem atque quaestum, 
Cic. - 1 

Abella -ae, f. town in Campania (now AveUo* 
Vtcchia). Adj., AbeUanus -a -ran. 


ubco -ii -Hum -ire, to go away. I. A. 
Lit, 1, Qen., ex ngria atque urbibus, Cic. ; ab 
turbo, J.iv. ; do Stcilla, Cic; comitlo, Liv.; si 
ubis periturus, if yon go to death, Verg.; hn- 

iier., 1 1, n, pood, very well; non esnvarus, abi, 
I"-. : b, ''•' off with you, so nliiu (for abisno) ; 
«l»i in roalam rem, go to the devil, Plant ; abi 
hinc ram trlbunatibus ac rogationibus tuis, 
J.iv. Of things, abenntia vela, Ov. ; sol abit, 
Plant. ; cornus sub altnm pectus abit, Verg. : 
2, l'sp., ft, to come off (e.g. from a battle); 
Komani semper vletores certaminc abire, Liv. ; 
nemo lion donatus abihit, Verg. ; absol., abit mum 
emu non esse, si accessisset, he could not have 
got off unpunished, Cic.; b, to retire from a 
public office; consulate, Clcj c, of the dying, 
to depart; acl dcos, Cic; ad plures. to "the 
great majority," Petr. ; o vita, Cic. ; d, in auc- 
tions, not to be knocked down to; si res abiret 
a iiT.iiif ipe, Cic. B. Transf., 1, Gen., non longc 
abj you have not far to go (for an example), 

Cic. ; QUOTSUm abeant, on which side will- they 
range themselves ? Hor. ; 2, Esp., of a discus- 
sion, to digress: illuc, nude abii, redeo, Hor. ; quid 
ad istas ineptias abis? Cic. ; otiam tu hinc abis, 
will you also go away? Cic. II. With notion of 
disappearing; 1, of time, to 2wss away ; abiit 
illo annus, Cic. : 2, of discuses, jam abiit posti- 
lentia, Cic ; 3, of other things, to disappear, 
vanish; sensua abit, Cic.; timor, tides abiit, 
Liv. ; 4, of the consequences of an action, non 
po3sc istacc ric abire, be without consequenci ■, 
Cic. IIL With notion of transference from one 
person or thing to another, 1, to go over ; a, to 
a poison, ad sanosabeattutela propinquos, Hor. ; 
b, to a thing, vigor ingenii velocis in alaset pedes 
abiit, Ov.; 2, tochangeintu; sic dcusiu llanmias 
abiit, i »v. 

aboquito, 1, to ride off, Liv. 

aberratio, -finis, f. an escape or relief from 
anything irksome, Cic. 

iiborro, I. to wander, lose one's way. I. 
Lit., pecore, Liv. ; aberrantes ox agmine naves, 

Liv. II. Transf., 1, to deviate from; a proposito, 
1 ''■■ ; 2, to fire oneself from something irksome ; 
a iniseria quasi abcrrare, Cic. 

abhinc, adv. from hence. I. Of space, aufer 
abhinc lacriinas, Lucr. II. Of time, reckoned from 
the present moment backward ; annus ties, tri- 
ennium, annla tribusabh\uc, three years ago, Cic 

abhorrco, 2. I. Lit., to shrink back from, to 
be disinclined to; a puce, Caes. ; aducendauxore, 

Cic. ; with abi. alone, spcctaculorum oblecta- 

. lac ; absol., onincsasperiiabantur, omnes 

abhorrebant, Cic. IL Transf., to be inconsistent 

with or opposed to ; oratio abhorret a persona ho- 

ni.Cic; atide, tohe Incredible, Liv.; 

ab eflectu liand abhorrens, hope capable of 

realised. Liv.; oratlonea abhorrent inter 

He, are inconsistent with one another, Liv. ; w li 

simple abi., neque abhorret vero, Tac. ; with 

bulctam pacataeprofectioniabliorrensmos, 

Liv. Pres. part., ns .-m adjective, unseasonable, 

inappropriate; absmdae atque abhorrentes lacri- 


ablognus -a -urn (abies), made of fir wood 
or deal, t I 

abics -fitls, f. I. the fir-tree (Pinns plcea, 
Linn.), Liv. II. Melon., anything made of<i<<n ,■ 
a letter, because formerly written on wood, Plant. ; 
u ship, Verg. ; o spear, Verg. (Ibletls, abietc, 
tnsyll., \erg.) 

ablgo -egi -actum. 3. (ab and ago). I. Lit., 

A. Ueu., todriv . volncrcs et fera^, Cic. 

B. pp., 1, peens, to steal cattle, Cic. ; 2, partuin 
inedioamentls, to procure abortion, Cic ; 3 
Koran, to divorce, Suet. II. Fig., to banish, 

i abi 

get rid of; pauperiem epulis regum, Hor. Abactl 
oculi, deep-sunk eyes, Stat. 

abitio -onis, f. =abitus(q.v.). 

abito, S. to go away, Plant. 

abitus -us, m. (abeo), 1, a going away, de- 
parture ; post aliituui huius, Cic; 2, place of 
egress (opp. aditus), Verg. 

abjecte, adv. abjectly, in a spiritless and 
cowardly manner, Cic. ; meanly, Tac. 

abj ectlO -onis, f. I. Lit., a throwing away, re- 
jection. II. Transf., animi, despondency, despair, 

abjectus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. and 
supeii. (abjicio) ; 1, of position, low, common; 
familia abjecta atque obscura, Cic ; 2, of 
character, cowardly, mean-spirited; animus, Cic. ; 

3, despicable; contemptus atque abjectus, Cic. ; 

4, without force, prosaic; versus, Cic. ; oratio 
humilis ct abjecta, Cic. 

abjicio -jeci -jectum, 3. (ab and jacio), to 
throw down, or away. I. Lit., 1, scutum, anna, 
Cic. ; scad pedes alicnius, Cic. ; 2, to throw down 
violently ; aliquem ad tribuual, ad pedes tuos, ad 
terrain virgis ct vcrberibus, Cic ; so in battle, to 
strike to the ground, Verg. II. Transf. , 1, to pro- 
nounce carelessly, to break, off abruptly; versiim, 
Cic. ; ambitus non est abjiciendus, the period 
must not be broken off abruptly, Cic. ; 2, to get 
rid of, to dispose of; pecuniam, Cic. ; 3, to give 

,», to let go; memoriam benenciorum, Cic. ; to 
abandon; Scaurum, Cic; 4, to dash to the 
ground, to deprive of all power; senatus ancto- 
ritatem, Cic ; with reference to character, to 
dishearten; se perculsum atque abjectum esse 
sentit, Cic ; abjecta metu fllia, desponding. Cic. ; 

5, Pig., to throw away ; cogitationes in rem tain 
liumilem, Cic. ; seabjicere, to degrade oneself, Cic 

abjudico, l. (opp. adjudico), as a judge, to 
give sentence against any one; to take an- ■ hy a 
judgment; aliquid ab aliquo, Cic; sibi libeita- 
tern, Cic 

abjungo -junxi -junetum, !i. I. to unhar- 
ness; juvencum, Verg. II, Transf., to estrange, 

detach; abjuncto Labieno, Caes.; so ab hoc 
dicendi genere, to keep from, Cic. 

abjuro, 1. to abjure, deny on oath; pecuniam, 
Cic. ; creditum, Sail. 

ablativus -a -um, ablative. Subst., abla- 
tlviis -i, in. (sc casus), the ablative, the. sixth 
ease of the Latin noun, Quint. 

ablcgatfO -onis, f. I. Gen., a sending away ; 

juveiitutis ad bcllum, Liv. II. Esp., banish- 
ment, = relegatio, Plin. 

ablego, 1. I. Lit., to send away, remove to a 
distance; honestos homines, Cic. ; pueros vena- 
turn, Liv. ; aliquem a penatibus suis, Liv. II. 
Fig., 1, hacc (legatio) a fratris adventu me 
ablegat, prevents me from being present on my 
brother's arrival, Cic. ; 2, niilit. 1. 1., to dislodge. ; 
aliquem, Liv. 

abllgurio, 4. to consume in luxury; patria 
buna, Tor. 

abloco, 1. to let on lease, Suet. 

abludo, 3. Lit, to be out of tune with, hence 
to be unlike; liaec a te non multuin abludit 
imago, Hor. 

abluo -lui -latum, 3. to wash. I. In the sense 
of cleansing, pedes alicnius, cic ; pass., ablui, 
to be washed clean, Cic. II. In the sense of 
removing:, to wash away. A. Lit., macnlas e 
veste, Plin, ; lacriinas, Tac. ; poet., sitis de cor- 
pore. abluitur, is quenched, Lucr. B. Transf., 
omnia perturbatio animi placationeabluatur, Cic. 

ablutfo -Onis, f. a washing away, ablution, 




abnego, 1. to deny, refuse; alicui conjugium 
et dotes, Veig. ; nee comiteiu se abnegat, Hor. ; 
absol., abnegat, Verg. 

abnepos -otis, m. great-great-grandson, 

abneptis -is, f. a great-great-granddaughter, 

Abnoba -ae, m. a range of mountains in 
Germany, where the Danube rises. 

abnocto, 1. to stay out all night, Sen. 

abnormis -e (ab and norma), irregidar, un- 
conventional ; abnormis sapiens, one of Nature's 
'philosophers, Hor. 

abnuo -nui -nfiiturus, 3. to refuse by a 
motion of the head or eye, deny; inanu abnuit 
quidqnain opis in se esse, gave a sign with his 
liand that he could not help, Liv. ; regi paceni, 
Sail. ; nemo abnuit a se connnissuni esse fa-, Cic. ; spes abnuit, it does not admit of 
hope, Tib. ; of soldiers, to refuse to fight, Liv. 

abnuto, 1. to deny (by a nod) repeatedly, 

aboleo -evi -Ituni, 2. to destroy. I. Lit., Pop- 
paeae corpus non igni abolituni, Tae. ; viscera 
undts, to cleanse, Verg. II. Fig., to do away 
with; magistratum, Liv. ; dedecus annis, Verg. ; 
ritus, sacrificandi disciplinani, Liv.' 

abolesco -evi, no sup., 3. to perish; non abo- 
leseet gratia facti, Verg. ; nbuien vetustate abo- 
levit, Liv. 

abolitio -onis, f. a removing, abrogating, 
annulling, abolition; legis, repeal, Suet. ; tribu- 
torum, Tac. ; facti, amnesty, Suet. 

abolla -ae, f. cloak of thick woollen cloth, 
worn by soldiers ; prov., facinus inajoris abol- 
lae, a crime on a larger scale, Juv. 

abomino = abominor (q.v.). 

abominor -atus sum, 1. dep. (ab and omen), 
1, to deprecate an unfavourable omen; aliquid, 
Liv. ; quod abominor, God forbid, Ov. ; 2, to 
hate, detest, abominate (opp. optare), Liv. ; abo- 
minandus, detestable, Liv. ; aboininatus, detested, 

Aborigines -urn, m. ('A/aopiyii-e?), tlw 
Aborigines, an Italian tribe from whom the 
Latins were said to be descended ; hence ori- 
ginal inhabitants of a country (— avioxOoves), 

aborior -ortus sum, 4. dep. (opp. exorior), 
1, of the heavenly bodies, to set, to disappear, 
Varr. ; 2, to perish by untimely birth, Plin. ; 3, 
poet., of the voice, to fail, Lucr. 

aboriscor = aborior (q.v.). 

abortio -onis, f. an untimely birth, mis- 
carriage, Cic. r 

abortivus -a -mu, prematurely born; Sisy- 
plius, Hor. ; ovum, addled. Mart. Subst., abor- 
tivum -i, n. (sc. medicamentum), drug for pro- 
curing abortion, Juv. 

abortus -us, m. a miscarriage, Cic. . 

abrado -rasi -rasum, 3. I. Lit, to scrape 
off, shave; supercilia, Cic. II. Transf., to squeeze 
money out of a person, to extort ; nihil se ab A. 
Caeciiia posse litium terrore abradere, Cic. 

abripio -rlpui -reptum, 3. (ab and l-apio), to 
snatch away, tear off, drag off. I. A. Lit., abripi 
vi fluminis, Caes. B. Transf., Romulum si 
natura ad humanum exitum abripuit, Cic. II. 
A. to rob; non dona tantum sed simulacra hu- 
minum, Tac. B. 1, to drag army; Cappadocem 
de grege venalium, Cic. ; 2, to drag away to 
punishment ; aliquem de convivio in vincula, 
Cic; 3, to take away by force; filios e cow- 
plexu parentura, Cic. 

abrodo -si -sum, 3. to gnaw off, away, J'ers. 

abrogatio -onis, f. an annulling or rep- ax- 
ing ; legis, Cic. 

abrogo, 1. A. 1, to repeal a law wholly, to an- 
nul; legem, Cic. ; huic legi nee abrogari fas est, 
nequo derogari ex hac aliquid licet neque tpta 
abrogari potest, Cic. ; 2, to deprive (a magistrate 
of his oilice) ; si tibi magistratum abrogasset, 
Cic. B. Transf., to take away; fidem, to take 
away a man's credit, Cic. 

abrotdnum -i, n. and abrotonus -i, f. 
(afipoTovuv), southern-wood, an aromatic herb, 
Lucr., Hor. 

abrumpo -rfipi -ruptum, 3. I, to break 
off, loosen, separate. A. Lit., ramos, Ov. ; vincula, 
Liv. B. Transf., se latrocinio Antonii, to break 
away from, Cic. II. to tear off, to separate forci- 
bly, to sever. A. Lit., pontem, Tac. B. Transf., 

I, to violate; fas, Verg. ; 2, to break off prema- 
turely, to destroy; vitam, Verg.; medium ser- 
moiiem, to break off in the middle of a speech, 

abruptio -onis, f. (abrumpo). I. a tear- 
ing aivay ; corrigiae, of a shoe-latchet, Cic. II. 
Transf. , divorce, Cic. 

abruptus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (abrumpo), torn off; hence, I. steep, 
precipitoxts. Subst., abruptum -i, n. a steep as- 
cent or descent; sorbet in abruptum fluctus, 
Verg. II. Transf., A. Gen. only subst, abrup- 
tum -i, n. a precipice, tlie precipice of danger, the 
road to ru&a ; in abruptum tractus, Tac. B. Of 
character, rough; contumacia, Tac. 

absccdo -cessi -cessum, 3. to go away, de- 
part. I. Lit., A. Of persons, a curia, e foro, 
Liv. ; (ia milit. 1. 1, to withdraw, retire; a Capua, 
Liv. ; iinpers., Begio abscessum est, Liv. B. Of 
things, to retire; quantum mare abscedebat, Liv. 

II. Transf., A. of persons, 1, to retire from an 
oitice or employment; 'non militaribus modo 
sed civilibus quoque muneribus, Liv. ; 2, to de- 
sert one; Pallada abscessisse milii, Ov. B. 
Of things, 1, to go away ; somnus ut abscessit, 
Ov. ; 2, to desert; cives caruui urbiuui quae 
regno abscedunt, Liv. 

absccssio -onis, f. (absccdo), a going away, 
a separation, Cic. 
abscessus -us, m. (absccdo), a going away; 

I, of persons, going away (especially in battle), 
withdrawal; Rutulum, Verg.; continuus abs- 
cessus, Tac. ; 2, of inanimate objects, solis, Cic 

abscido -cidi -cisum. 3. (abs and caedo), to 
cut off. I. Lit., funcs, Caes. ; aquam, Liv. ; ca- 
put, Liv. II. A. Transf., to separate; intersaep- 
tis immlmentis hostis pars parti abscisa erat, 
Liv. ; abscisus in duas partes exercitus, Caes. 
B. to take away ; regibus spem auxilii sui, Liv. 

absoindo -scldi -scissum, 3. to tear off, wrencli, 
away. I. Lit., tunicam a pectore, Cic. ; vestem 
hunieris, Verg. ; venas, to open the veins, Tac ; 
poet., abscissa comas, with her hair torn, Verg. 

II. Transf., A. to divide; terras Oceano, Hor. 
B. to separate; inane soldo, Hor. C. to take 
away; reditus dulces, Hor. 

abscisus -a -um, p. adj. (from abscido), cut 
off, hence precipitous ; rapes, Liv. 

absoondite, adv. obscurely, abstrusely, Cic. 

abscondo -condi (-condldi) -conditum (-con- 
sum), 3. I. to conceal ; gludios, Cic. II. A. to 
obscure; galea frontem abseoudit, Juv. ; hence 
pass, of stars, to set, Verg. B. to lose sight i\f; 
Phaeacum arces, Verg. C. to keep out of sight; 
quod quo studiosius ab istis opprilnitur et ab- 
sconditur eo magis. eminet et apparet, Cic. 

absans -eutis (absuni), -up. adj. absent, Oi<*« 


absentia -ac, f. (absum), absence, Cic 
ab«llio,4. (ab and sallo), to fjiring fort,'- , or 

absimilis -e, unlike; non absimili forma, 

absinthium -I, n. (.i^nvtiov), wormwood, 

abslsto -stlti, -stltuin, S. 1, to go away, fol- 
lowed by ab or the abl. alone ; limine, Verg. ; al> 
Bignia, Cars. ; absol., tandem abstitcrnnt, Llv.; 
of tilings, ab orescintillae abststunt, Verg. ; 2, 
(0 dsstei from ; with abl., obaidione, spe, Liv.; 
with iniin., abaiste pioveri, cecut to be moved, 
Verg, ; with gerund, mquendo, from following, 
I.iv. ; accusator abstitit, the accuser withdrew 
(..<■. from his accusation), Tac 

absolute, ailv. jterfectly, completely; vivere 
feliciter, absolute, Cic. 

absdlutio -Onis, f. (absolvo), 1, acquittal; 
majestatis, on the charge of treason, Cic; 2, 
perfection ; virtus quae rationis absolutio deti- 
nitur, Cic. 

absolutdrius -a -urn, relating to acquittal ; 

tabella, the voting-tablet that acquits, Suet. 
Subst., absolutorium -ii, n. (sc. remedinin), 
means of escape from, Plin. 

absolutus a -urn, p. adj. with compar, and 
Buperl. (absolvo). I. perfect, complete; vita, 
II. unfettered, unconditional, absolute; 
causa, Cic. 

absolvo -solvi -solutum, 3. A. Lit., toloosen. 
B. Transf., 1, a, to free ; se a Fannio jttdicio, 
. aliquem regni su9picione, Liv. ; b, to ac- 
quit ; improbitatis, Cic. ; capitis, Nep. ; reos 
culpa, Ov. ; de praevaricatione, Cic. ; 2.. to dis- 
post of in narration, to relate; de Catiltnae con- 
juratione pnucis absolvain, 8all. ; 3, to complete, 
to finish; tectum, Cic; opera, Caes. ; absolve 
benefli :um tuum, Liv. 

absonus -a -um. I, Lit., inharmonious; vox, 
Cic. IX. Transf., disagreeing with, not corre- 
spondent with ; absoni a voce motus, Liv. ; with 
dat., nihil absonum fldei divinae originis fait, 

abaorbco -ill, 2. to swallow, to gulp down. 

I. Lit., placentas, Ilor. ; Occanns vix videtur 

M absorbere potuisse, Cic. II. Transf., 
nunc absorbult aestus gloriae, carried him off, 
Cic. ; tnbunatus absorbet nicam orationem, ab- 
sorbs, engrosses, Cic. 

absque, prep, with abl. without; absque 
argumento, Cic. 

abstomfus -a -um fata and temum = teme- 
tum), out who abstains from intorirating liquors, 
' mious, moderate, Ov., Hor. 

abstcrgco -terel -tenant, 2. to wipe off, to dry 
I. Lit., criiorein, Liv. II. Transf., 
to ranowi someth rttdble; onmes senec- 

tutia rauleaUas, Cic 

absterrco -terrul -terrltum, 2. to frighten 

rive away by fear. I. Lit., hostes 
Liv. ; neminem a congrcssu meo, Cic. 

II. Tranaf. <n frighten from, keep off from; eos 
a tarn detestabili consilio, Liv.; aninios vitiis, 
from vices, Hor. ; aliquem bello, Tac 

absttnens -entls, p. adj. with compar. and 
BTiperl. (absttn-^o), abstinent, continent, temper- 
ate, Cic ; with genlt, pecuniae, Uor. 

abatlncnter, adv. abstinently, continently, 

a ootlnentla -a*, f. I. a&sifn«nce, continence, 
self-denial, temperance; a\m>]., fasting ; abstiu- 
•ntia vltam riuire, Tac. II. uprightness, Cic. ; from avarice, Cic. 


a :nco -ttniii -tcntum, 1. (aba and teneo), 
to held back, to keep away from. I. Transf., 
maiiiis, Liv.; gen. with a and the abl. or with 
the abl. alone, inilitem a pracda, Liv. : mantis a 
sc, to abstain from suicide, Cic II. Reflex., ab- 
Btinere sc, or simply abstinere; a, with the abl. 
or with ab and the abl., se scelerc, Cic. ; u le- 
mit is violandis, Liv. ; publico, not to go out, 
Tac. ; b, with gettit., irarum, Hor. ; c, with 
ace, llberas tubes, Liv. ; d, with ace. of thing 
and dat. of person, Aeneae Antenorique omne 
jus belli; e, with ne and the snbj., Liv.; f, 
absol., non tamen abstinuit, Verg, 

absto, 1. to stand at a distance, stand aloof, Hor. 

abstr&ho -traxi, -traetnm, 3. I. Lit., to 
drag away ; aliquem de tnatfis coniplexti, Cic; 
naves e porta, Liv. ; aliquem a penetralibus, 
Liv.; liberos in servitutent, Caes. II. Transf., 

A. aliquem ex tanto comitatu cliirissimorum 
virnnt, to exclude, Cic. ; animus a corpore abs- 
tractus, Cic. ; a bono in pravuni, Ball. B. 1, 
to estrange ; copias a Lepido, Cic. ; 2, to restrain ; 
ingressos in castra ab direptione abstrahere non 
poterat, Liv. ; a rebus gerendis senectus abs- 
trahit ; 3, to draw away from ; a bonis, Cic. ; 
se a sollicitudine, Cic. 

abstrudo -trust -trusum, 3. to jmsh away 
from any place, to hide. I. Lit., sc in silvant 
densam. Cic. ; aemina flammae abstrusa in venis 
silicis, Verg. II. Transf., penitua abstrusus 
animl dolor, deep-seated grief, Cic. 

abstrusus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. 
(from abstrudo). A. Lit., concealed, secret, Plin. ; 

B. Transf., 1, abstruse; disputatio abstrusior, 
Cic. ; 2, of character, reserved, Tac. 

absum (abffti, abesse, itfui, affttUms, 5f6r- 

ent, afore, etc., also occur). I. With regard 
to motion, to be away, to be absent. A. Gen., ab 
urbe or ex urbe, Cic. B. Esp., 1, to take no part 
in ; ab hoc concilio, Caes. ; ab his studiis, Cic. ; 
toto bello, Caes. ; 2, not to help; quo plus inter- 
erat, eo plus aberas a nte, the more I needed you, 
the less yon helped me, Cic. ; longe iis patermim 
noiiien populi Romani afuturum, would be of no 
avail, Caes. ; 3, to be wanting ; studiunt semper 
sit, cunctatio absit, Cic. ; semper aves quod 
abest, Liter. ; neqtte corpus neque animus a 
vobis aberit, Sail. ; abest historianostris litteris, 
Cic. II. As regards position, A. Lit., to be 
distant ; ab urbe milia passuum ducenta, Cic ; 
quatridui iter Laodicea, Cic. B. Transf., 1, 
to be far from; longe a spe, Cic. ; so the im- 
pcrs. iihrase, tautum abest ut — ut, e.g. tantum 
abest ab eo ut malum sit mors ut verear, so 
far is death from being an evil that I fear, etc, 
Cic. ; so baud multinn, or procul abest, or 
naulum abest, or minimum abest qttin, etc.; 
baud ntultum afttit quin interlicerettir, he was 
nearly killed, Liv. ; 2, to be free from (a. fault) ; 
a culpa, Cic. ; a cupiditate pecuniae, Nep. ; 3, 
to be fur removed (especially in phrases express- 
ing a wish); procul absit gloria vulgi, Tib.; 
nomen ipsum crucis absit non modo a corpore 
civiuni Kontanoruni, etc, Cic. ; 4, to be firmly 
opposed to; a consilio fugiendi, Cic; 5, to be 
inconsistent with ; quod certe abest a tua virtute 
et fide, Cic. 

absumedo -Inis, f. consumption, Plant. 

absumo -sumpsi -sumpttim 3. to take away. 
I. A. to lessen, destroy, consume; res maternas 
atque paternas, Hor. ; absumptis frugunt ali- 
mentis, Liv. B. Of time, to waste; tempus 
dicendo, Cic II. to destroy utterly. A. Of 
things, iiicendium domos ahiumpsit, Liv. B. 
Of living beings, to kill; tnultos pestilentis ab- 
sumpsit, Liv. 

absurde, adv. 1, harshly, discordantly; 

abs i 

canerc, Cic. ; 2, in bad taste; absurde et asrere 
respondere verbis vultuque, Cic. 

absurdus-a-um. I. Lit., tliat which offends 
the ear, unmelodious, harsh; vox, Cic. II, Transf., 
foolish, unreasonable. A. Of tilings, vestrae 
istac absurdae atque abhorrentes lacriinae, Liv. ; 
liaud absurdum est, it is not out of place, Sail. 
B. Of persons, incapable; homo, Cic. ; ingenium 
baud absurdum, Sail. ; absurdus ingenio, Tac. 

AbsyrtUS -i, m. CAi/zvpros), brother of Medea, 
killed by his sister on her flight from Colchis. 

abundans -antis, p. adj. with compar. and 
supcrl. (abundo). I. Lit., of rivers, overflow- 
ing ; amuis abundantissinms, Cic. II. Transf., 
A. abundant, rich; with abl., locus foutibus 
abundans, Cic. ; with genit., lactis, Verg. B. 
1, abounding in (thoughts, devices, etc.); abun- 
dantior consilio, Cic. ; 2, in a bad sense, over- 
loaded; non erat abundans, non inops tanien 
oratio, Cic. C. numerous; abundante niultitu- 
dinc freti, Liv. ; abundantes voluptates, Liv. 

abundanter, adv. 1, abundantly; abun- 
dantius occurrere, Cic. ; 2, of discourse, copi- 
ously ; loqui, Cic. 

abundantia -ae, f. 1, abundance, richness, 
plenty; onjnium reruni quas natura desiderat, 
Cic. ; voluptaturn, Cic. ; 2, riches, wealth, Tac. 

abunde, adv. copiously, excessively, extrava- 
gantly ; promittere, Lucr. ; satisfacere, Cic.;, 
with adj., abunde magnus, Sail. ; tibi abunde 
est, you are more than satisfied, Pliu. ; abunde 
libcrtatem ratus, thinking liberty more than 
enough, Sail. Subst. with genit., terroruni ac 
fraudis abunde est, Vcrg. 

abundo, 1. 'to overflow. I. Lit., flumina, 
Lucr. ; abundat aqua, Liv. II. Transf., A. to 
grow in abundance; de terris abundant her- 
baium genera, Lucr. B. to abound; porco, Cic. ; 
ingenio et doctrina, Cic; absol. , to be rich; 
quum ex reliquis vel abuudare debeam, cogor 
niutuari, Cic. 

abusio -onis, f. (abutor), in rhetoric, a 
false use of words, Cic. 

abusque, prep, with abl. = usque ab, from; 

1, as regards position, Oceano abusque, Tac. ; 

2, as regards time, Tiberio abusque, Tac. 
abusus -us, in. (abutor), using up, wasting, 


abutor -usus sum, 3. dep., with abl. I. to 
use; nisi omni tempore, quod mihi lege con- 
ccssum est, abusus ero, Cic. II. to make full 
use of, to use fully. A. In a good sense, sagaci- 
tato canum ad utilitatem nostram, Cic. B. In a 
bad sense, to waste; militum sanguine, Cic; 
insoleuter et iiuiuodice indulgentia populi 
Romaili, Liv. C. to use a word wrongly ; verbo, 

Abydus (Abydos) -i, f. and Abydum -i, n. 

(~A£u6os). I. a town in Asia Minor, on the 
Hellespont (modern Aidos or Avido). II. a town 
in Egypt. Adj., Abydenus -a -urn ; juvenis 
or absol., Leandcr, Ov. ; plur., Abyderii -orum, 
the inhabitants of Abydos, Liv. 

Abyla -ae, f. ('A/3u'A.j)), a mountain on the 
African side of the Straits of Gibraltar, forming 
one of the so-called Pillars of Hercules (now Sierra 

ac, v. atquc. 

Accidentia -ae, f. OAicaimteia), the Academy, 
a grove near Athens where Plato taught ; hence, 
mcton., the Academic school of philosophy, Cic. ; 
henco, too, u gymnasium on Cicero's estate at 
Tvsculum, called after the Athenian Academy. 

Acadcmicu« -a -urii ('AKa%*«c<w). I. fec- 
lenfinn 'o Wte 4oad.emy at Athens; philosophi, 


Cic. ; hence plur. subst., AcSdemici -orum, 
in. the Academic philosophers. II. belonging to 
Cicero's gymnasium, called the Academy; hence 
plur. subst., Academica -orum, n. a treatise 
of Cicero on the Academic philosophy. 

Acadcmus -i, in. ( AxdSijiuo?), a Greek hero, 
after whom the Academia was named. 

acalanthis -idis, f. (aica\av0is) =acanthis, 

Acamas -antis, Hi. f Aica^a?), 1, son of Theseus 
and Phaedra, Verg. ; 2, promontory in Cyprus, 

acanthis -Wis, f. (aKav8is), a small dark 
green bird, the thistle-finch, Plin. 

1. acanthus -i, m. (aK<u>0os), 1, bear's foot, a 
plant, Verg. ; 2, a thorny evergreen 
tree, Verg. 

2. Acanthus -i, f. CKk<xv6os), a town in the 

Macedonian pieninsula — Chalcidice. 

acapnos -3n (a<can-vot), without smoke ; ligna, 
burning without smoke, Mart. 

Acarnanes -urn, m, (AKapvaves), Acarna- 
nians; Acaiiinnuin amuis, the Achelous, Ov. ; 
sing., Acarnan^-anis, an Acarnanian, Verg.; 
hence Acarnania -ae, Acarnania, a country on 
the west of Greece, between Epirus and Aetolia. 
Adj., Acarnamcus -a -um. 

AcastUS -i, hi. ("A/caoros). I. son of the 
Thessalian king Pelias, father of Laodamia, 
brother of Alcesiis. II. a slave of Ciytro. 

Acca Larentia, a Roman goddess of the 
fields, according to the legend, the wife of the 
herdsman Faustulus, and the nurse of Romulus 
and Remus. Larcntalia or Accalia -iuin, u. 
her .festival at Rome in December. 

accedo -cessi -cessum, 3. (ad and cedo), to 
approach, to come near. I, Lit., A. Gen., 1, of 
persons, with the accusative and ad; ad urbem, 
Cic. ; alicui ad aurem et dicere, to approach 
any one to whisper, Cic ; with in, in aedes, 
Cic. ; in funus, to join the funeral procession, 
Cic. ; with simple accusative, scopulos, Verg. ; 
Jugurthain, Sail. ; absol., to approach, Cic; 2, 
of lifeless subjects, febris accedit, Cic. B. 
Esp., 1, to come as a suppliant; senatus sup- 
plex accedit ad Caesarem, Cic. ; quo accedain 
aut quos appellem, Sail. ; 2, to come as an 
enemy ; usque ad eastra, Caes. ; with simple 
acc, loca hostiliter, Sail. ; 3, to come to an auc- 
tion to bid ; ad illud scelus sectionis, Cic. ; ad 
hastam, Liv. ; 4, to approach the city (Rome) as 
a candidate for a triumph ; ad urbem, Cic. II. 
Transf., A. Gen., 1, of persons, ad amicitiam 
Philippi, Nep. ; sea propius accedam, de his 
nostris testibus dicam, Cic. ; 2, of lifeless sub- 
jects, accedit nianus extrema operibus, Cic. ; 
fervor accedit capiti, the wine mounts to his 
head, Hor. B. Esp., 1, of time, to approach ; 
quo propius ad mortem accedam, Cic ; 2, to 
enter upon some ujork; ad rem publicam, to be- 
gin public life, Cic. ; ad vectigalia, to engage in 
the collection of the taxes, Cic; 3, to assent to; 
ad conditioues, Cic. ; 4, to fee added, to in- 
crease; ad eas (naves) captivae Massilieusiiun 
accesscrunt sex, Caes. ; quo plus aetatis eiacced> 
cret, the older he became, Cic. ; iis tan turn iidu- 
ciac accessit ut, etc, Caes. ; hence the phrases, 
hue accedit, eo accedit, hue accedit suimnus 
tiiuor, Cic. ; often followed by ut and quod, 
with the meaning of simply moreover; 5, to 
fall to one's share, to come to one; num tibi still- 
titia accessit, Plant. ; alicui animus accedit, Cic. ; 
6, to approach, to become like; propius ad deos, 

accelero, 1. I. Trans., to quicken, to acceler. 
ate; iter, Caes. ; consulatunj alicui, Tac IX 




Intrans., to hasten; si accclcrare volent, Cic. ; 
accclera, signifer, Liv. „ 

accendo -ccudi -censum 3. (ad ami * cando, 
c.visat. of candeo), to kindle, to set on fin-. I. 
A. Lit., facos, Cic. ; tus, Liv. B. Met., to 
lighten up; lima radiis solis accensa, Cic. II. 
Transf., A. Gen., to kindle as a light; virtutuin 
quasi scintillulao e onions accendi philosophi 
ralio debet, Cic. B. Esp., 1, to inflame; plebia 
aninuini. Sill. ; aniinos l>cllo, to excite to war, 
Von?. ; ira accensus, Liv.; 2, to provokt; spcin 
invidiam, Liv.; stndia Numidarnm in Jugurtham 
nccenaa, the enthusiasm of the N. for J.), Sail. ; 
3, t<> increase ; quum co magis vis venti accensa 
asset, Liv. 

Uccenseo -censum, 2. to reckon in addition; 
occcuseor illi, / am his comrade, Ov. 

1. accensus -a -tun, part, of accensco. I. 
Generally used in plural, accenai -orum, lit. 
those numbered with ; originally, the fifth class of 

n citizens, who in battle stood in the last 
ranks,' and were also employed in constructing 

imblic roads, hence the supernumeraries, Liv. 
I. accensus -i, m. a subordinate public officer 
(in the service of the decemviri, consuls, and 
praetors), Cic. 

2. accensus -a -nm, partlc. of accendo. 
acceptlo -r.iiis, f. a reception, acceptance, 

Cic. ; trumentl, receipt, Sail. 

accepto, 1. (intens. of accipio), tn receive, 

acceptor -oris, m. one who approves, Plant. 
acccptrix -icis, f. she who receives, Plaut. 

accoptus -a -urn. p. adj. with coinpar. and 
Superl. (from accipio), welcome, pleasant, agree- 
able ; 1, of persons, with the dat., qui maxime 
plebi accept us erat, Caes. ; 2, of things, nihil 
est deo acceptius quam, etc., Cic 

aocerso = arocsso (q.v.). 

acoessio -onis, f. (accedo),a going or coming to. 
J. LH., suis accessionibus, by the audiences which 
he gave, Cic. II. Transf;, A. increase; dignitatis, 
Cic. ; pecuniae, Ncp. B. addition, appendage ; 
■ accessionem adjunxit aedibus, Cic. ; minima ae- 
cessio semper Epirus regno Macedoniae fuit, 
Liv. C. addition to a tax ; decumae, Cic. 

acccssus -us, in. (aceedo),an approach to. I. 
Lit., A. ad urbem nocturn'us, Cic. ; acccssus 
stellarum ct reccssns, Cic. ; accessus et rccessus 
ac'gtnum, ebb ami flow, Cic. B. admittance to a 
person; dare alicui accessuin, Ov. C. means 
of approach, entrance ; oinncm acccssum lus- 
trare, Vcrg. II. Transf., ad res salutares, in- 
clination to, Cic. ; ad causam, leading up to a 
subject, Cic. 

1. accido -cidi -cisum, 3. (ad and caedo), 1, 
Lit, to hew or luickat; aut ab radicibus subruere 
aut acciderc arbores, Cars. ; 2, Transf, to 
weaken, ruin; Latinorum etsi pariter accisae 
copiae sint, Liv. ; res accisae, Cic. 

2. accido -cidi, no sup. 3. (ad and cado), to 
f"'l down, to full to. L Lit., A. Gen., ad terrain, 
Plaut. B. Esp., 1, of missiles, tela ab omiii 
parte accidebant, Liv. ; 2, to fall at the feet of, 
to ask assistance; ad pedes omnium, Cic. ; 3, to 
come to the ear* or notice of; vox aceidit ad 
hostes, Liv. II. Transf., A. to happen (gener- 
ally of misfortunes, opposed to evenio) ; si quid 
tdversi accldlsset, Caes.; iinpers., 1, aceidit, 
followed by ut, aceidit ut id priinua imn- 
tiaret, Cic. ; by quod, aceidit perincommode 
(rood eum nosqnam vidisti, Cic. ; by infinitive, 
nee accident mihi opus esse, Cic. ; 2, si quid 
alicui, if anything liappcns, i.e. if lie 
dies, Cic. B, to fall out; ut omnia contra opini- 
onetn apcjderent, Caca, --« 

accico, 2. obs. form of accio (q.v.). 

accingo -cinxi -cinctum 3. I. Lit., to gird to 
or on ; ensem lateri, Vcrg. ; miles non accinctus, 
u narmed, Tac. XI. Transf., to equip,toarm; reflex., 
sc accingere, and pass, accingi ; a, to arm one's 
self; studio popularinm accinctus, Tac. ; magi- 
casaccingier artes, Vcrg.; b, to make one's self 
ready i accingi ad consulatum, to strive for the 
consulship, Liv. ; accingunt opcri = se accin- 
gunt, Vcrg. (Infill, pass., accingier, Vcrg.) 

accio -ivi (-ii)-itum, 4. to call to, summon, fetch ; 
haruspices ex Etruria, Cic. ; aliquem in ndop- 
tionem, Tac. ; with double ace, aliquem doctor- 
cm filio, Cic. 

accipio -cepi -ceptum, 3. (ad and capio). 
I. to take, receive. A. Gen., 1, accipere pecu- 
niain, Cic. ; 2, of business transactions, aliquid 
(alicui) acceptuin referre, to enter on the credit 
side of an account book, Cic. ; hence subst., ac- 
ceptum -i, what is received; codex accepti et ex- 
pensi, an account book, Cic. ; 3, where the thing 
received is a person, cujus abavi nirmibus esset 
accepts (Mater Idaea), Cic. ; 4, to receive in or 
on a part of the body ; alvus onine quod accepit 
cogit atque confundit, Cic. ; aliquem greniio, 
Verg. ; 5, to receive in a friendly manner; a, 
Itomanos in arcein, Liv. ; in amicitiam, Cic. ; in 
deditionem, Caes. ; b, of places, pavidos Sam- 
nitcs castra sua accepere, Liv. ; c, to receive as 
agucst; hospitio, Cic. ; B,totreat, a, in a friendly 
way ; aliquem leniter clementerqne, Cic. ; b, in 
a hostile way ; aliquem verberibus ad necem, 
Cic. ; 7, With reference to the senses, to hear ; 
orationein, Cie. ; pronis auribus accipi, to be 
willingly listened to, Tac. ; of the understanding, 
to grasp ; quae parum accepi, Cic. ; of the judg- 
mcut, to take; aliquid in bonuni partem, to take 
in good part, Cic. ; verisimilia pro veris, Liv. ; 
with double ace, bencficium contuineliam, to 
take a kindness for an insult, Cic. B. to accept, 
not to reject ; pacem, Liv. ; omen, Cic. ; legem, 
Cic. II. In a wider sense, to get, receive, obtain ; 
1, lucrum, Cic; adulterinos nummos pro bonis, 
Cic; 2, to feel ; dolorem, Cic; 3, to hear; 
multa auribus accepisse, multn vidisse, Cic. ; ut 
accepi a senibus, Cic. ; 4, to learn; primes aries 
ab iisdem magistris, Ov. ; usuin ac disciplinam 
ab aliquo, Caes. 

accipiter -tris, in. I. Lit., a hawk, Cic. II, 
Transf., pecuniae, an avaricious person, Plaut. 

accitus -us, m. a summons, Cic. 

Accius -a -nm, name of a Roman gens, the 
most famous member of which was Accius, a 
celebrated, dramatic poet (born A.C. 170). Adj., 
Acclaims -a -um, of Accius ; versus, Cic. 

acclamatio -onis, f. a loud cry ; 1, an out- 
cry against; non modo ut acclamationa sed ut 
convicid et maledictis impediretur, Cic. ; 2, a 
cry if approbation, Liv., Cic 

acclamo, 1. (ad and clamo), 1, to cry out 
at (in derision or disapproval); alicui, Cic. ; popu- 
lus cum risu acclamavit ipsa esse, Cic. ; 2, to 
cry out in approval ; oinnes acclamarunt gratias 
so inter cetera etiam ob hoc agere, quod, etc., 
Liv. ; 3, with ace. of person, to name by ac- 
clamation; aliquem servatorem liberatoremque, 
Liv. ; si liocentem acclamaverant, Tac 

acclaro, 1. to make clear, to reveal (of omens), 
Liv. ; uti tu signa nobis certa acclarassis (foz 
acclaravcris), Liv. 

acclinis -e. I. Lit., leaning on anything; 
trunco arboris, Verg.- II. Transf., inclined to; 
acclinis falsis animus, Hor. 

acclino, 1. (ad and * clino). I. Lit., to lean on 
anything; se in ilium, Ov. ; castra tumuli sunt 
acclinata, Liv. II. Transf., to incline to ; baud 
gravate so appUnatnros ad cau.saiii seflatus, J4y, 



acclivis -e (ad and clivus), gently inclined 
upwards; pars viae, Cic. ; collis leniter ab in- 
fimo acclivis, Caes. 

acclivitas -atis, f. acclivity, gentle inclina- 
tion upwards, Caes. 

accllvus -a -um, v. acclivis. 

accola -ae, m. (ad and colo), one who lives 
near, a neighbour; Oceaui, Liv. ; Cereris, near 
the temple of Ceres, Cic. ; as adj., pastor accola 
ejus loci, dwelling near that place, Liv. ; accolae 
fluvii, neighbouring rivers, Tac. 

accdlo -colui -cnltum, 3. to livenear; locum, 
Cic. ; gentes quae Macedoniain acoolunt, Liv. 

accommodate, adv. agreeably to ; ad veri- 
tatem, Cic. 

accommodatlo -onis, f. 1, a proportion, or 
adjusting of one thing to another; verborum et 
sententiarum ad inventionera ace, Cic. ; 2, 
courtcousness, complaisance ; ex liberalitate atque 
accommodatione magistratuum, Cic. 

accommodatUS -a -um, p. adj. with corn- 
par, and superl. (from accommodo), adapted, 
suitable to; 1, of things, with ad and the ace, 
puppes ad magnitudinera fluctuum tempesta- 
tenique accommodatae, Caes. ; with dak, oratio 
hominum sensibus ac mentibus accominodata, 
Cic. ; 2, of persons, with ad and the ace, homo 
ad Verris ilagitia libidincsque accominodatus, 
Cic. ; with dat., servus vilissimus nee ouiquam 
serio ministerio accominodatus, Tac. 

accommodo, 1. (ad and cominodo), to 
fit, put on. I. Lit., insignia, Caes. ; coronam 
sibi ad caput, Cic. ; lateri ensem, Verg. II. 
Transf., to make suitable, to adjust; testes ad 
crimen, Cic. ; orationem auribus auditorum, 
Cic. ; in omnem eventum consilia, Liv. ; se 
accominodarc or accommodari, to adapt one- 
self; ad voluntatcin alicuius et arbitrium et 
nutuni totum se fiugere et accommodare, Cic. 

accommodus -a -um, fit, adapted to, Verg. 

accredo -didi -dituin, 3. (ad and credo), to 
believe, give credence to; alicui, Ilor. ; absol., 
vix accrcdcns, Cic. 

accresco -crevi -cretuin, 3. (ad and crcsco), 
to grow, to increase. I, Lit., Hitmen subito 
accrcvit, Cic. II. Transf., quum dictis factisquo 
omnibus ad faciendum instructis varia accres- 
ceret fides, Liv. ; trimetris accrcscere jussit no- 
men iambeis, ordered to be joined to, Hor. 

accretio -onis, f. (accresco), increase; lu- 
minis, Cic. 

accubitio (accubatio) -5uis, f. the act of re- 
clining at table, Cic. 

accubitus -us, m. = accubitio (q.v.). 

acciibo, 1. (ad and cubo), to lie by the 
side of. I. Gen., humi, Liv.; of wine, Sul- 
piciis horreis, Hor. II. Esp., to recline at 
table ; in convivio, Cic. ; cum aliquo, next to, 
Plaut. ; apud aliquem, at the house of (as a 
guest), Cic. ; accuba, take your place, Plaut. 

accudo, 3. to hammer together, Plaut. 

accumbo -ciibui -eubituin, 3. (ad mid 
*cumbo), to lie down; 1, in via, Plaut. ; 2, es- 
pecially used of the Romans at the dinner table, 
where each person lay upon a sofa, supported on 
his left elbow ; in sinualicujus, to sit next to any 
one at table, Liv. ; cum aliquo, next to, Mart. ; apud 
aliquem, at the house of (as a guest), Cic. 

accumulate, adv. abundantly, copiously, 

accumulator -Oris, m. one who 7if«ps to- 
gether ; opum, Tac. 

accumiilo, 1. (ad and cumulo), to heap up, 
to accumulate, J, Lit., auget, addit, acciwmlat, 

Cic. II. Transf., 1, to heap on a person, give 
in abundance ; alienas res, Liv. ; alicui summum 
honorem, Ov. ; 2, to overwlielm; animam nepotis 
his donis, Verg. ; 3, to increase ; caedeic caede, 
Lucr. ; curas, Ov. . 

accurate, adv. carefully, exactly, accurately; 
aliquid studiose accurateque faccre, Cic. ; per- 
scribere, Cic. ; aedificare, Caes. 

accuratio -onis, f. accuracy, carefulness, 

accuratus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (from accuro), careful, exact, accurate; 
oratio, Cic. ; accuratiorem delectum habere, 
Liv. ; accuratissima diligentia, Cic. 

accuro, 1. (ad and euro), to take care of, to 
prepare with care; victum et cultum, Cic. 

accurro -curri and -cucurri -cursum, 3. (ad 
and curro), to run to, to run up, to hasten up ; 
ad praetorcm, Cic. ; equo admisso ad aliquem, 
Caes.; of things, to occur; istae imagines ita 
nobis dicto audientes sunt, ut, simulatque veli- 
mus, accurrant, Cic. 

accursus -us, m. a running to, concourse, 
accusabilis -e, blameworthy, Cic. 

accusatio -onis, f. I. an accusation ; accu- 
sationem factitare, Cic. ; coinparare atque con- 
stituere, to prepare with evidence, Cic. ; plur., 
acres accusationes, Cie II. Met., the indict- 
ment ; accusationisquinque libri, of the orations 
against Verres, Cic. 

accusator -oris, m. 1, an accuser (strictly 
only in regard to state offences, while petitor is 
a plaintiff in a private suit) ; petitoris personam 
cupere, accusatoris deponere, Cic. ; 2, an in- 
former, Juv. 

accusatorio, adv. after the manner of an 
aixuscr ; loqui, Cic. 

accusatorius -a -um, pertaining to an ac- 
cuser ; lex, Cic. 

accusatrix -icis, f. a female accuser, Plaut. 

accusito, 1. (frcq. of accuso), to accuse 
frequently, Plaut. 

accuso, 1. (ad and causa), to accuse (gener- 
ally in public eases) ; 1, aliquem ad populum(of 
the tribunes), Liv. ; a, with genit., of the offence, 
aliquem ambitus, Cic. ; b, with abb, de veneficiis, 
Cic. ; c, with propter, propter injurias, Cic. ; d, 
with inter, inter sicarios, of assassination, Cic. ; 
e, with genit., of the punishment, capitis, on a 
capital charge, Cic. ; 2, to blame, find fault with ; 
aliquem aspere et acerbe in senatu, Cie ; fol- 
lowed by quod and the subj., and by cur with 
the subj., Cic. 

1. acer -6ris, n. t/ie maple tree, Ov. 

2. acer -cris -ere (from root AC, as acuo, 
acies, etc.), sharp, cutting. I. Lit., of sharp 
tools, hastas acri ferro, Tac. II. Transf., A. Of 
the senses ; 1, of taste, biting; rapula, Hor. ; 
2, of touch, sharp; dolor corporis cujus 
niorsus est aeerrimus, Cic. ; 3, of hearing, 
shrill ; vox, Lucr. ; flauiinae sonitus, crackling, 
Verg. ; 4, of smell, penetrating; unguenta sum- 
mc ot acerriiua suavitate condita, Cic. ; 5, of 
sight, keen; aeerrimus sensus videndi, Cic. B. 
Relating to the feelings ; 1, of emotions, pain- 
ful; cura, Lucr. ; 2, of the understanding, 
vigorous; judicium ucrius ct ccrtius, Cie; 3, 
of the character, a. energetic; homo ad perdisc- 
endum aeerrimus, Cic. ; in ferro, brave in fight, 
Cie; b, passionate; acerrima uxor, Plaut.; 
so of the passions themselves, amor gloriao, 
Cic. ; c, hence of abstractions, supplicium, 
Cic. Subst., acre -is, n. acrimony, severity 
(opp. to ridicuhim), Hor. ■ - 


acerbe, adv. L bitterly, harshly ; accusare, 
Cic ; acerbius invchl In aliquem, Cic ; acer- 
bissimedicere, Caes. II. with difficulty or pain, 
aliquid fcrrc, Cic. 

acerbitas -Stis, f. I. Lit., bitterness of hut e, 
Cic. II. Transf., 1, harshness; moruni, Cic. ; 2, 
painful ness ; temporis Sullani, Cic. ; in plur., 
calamities, Cic. 

acerbo, I. to make bilter, to aggravate or 
heighten; crimen, Verg. 

hcerbus -a-um. I. A. Lit., l,bitterintaete, 
sour, used- especially of unripe fruit ; hence = 
raw, unripe, immature; uva, Phaedr. ; partus, 
premature, Ov. B. Transf., 1, of the voice, 
harsh; stridor, Plin. ; acerba sonans, Verg. ; 2, 
of the touch, rough; frigus, Hor. ; 3, of the look, 
dark, gloomy ; vultus acerbi, Ov. ; acerba tuens, 
with angry look, Verg. II. Fig., A. Of persons, 
morose; acerbos e Zenonis schola exire (of the 
Stoics), Cic. B. Of things, 1, painful, severe, 
harsh; acerbissima tribute, Cic. ; 2, of speech 
or writing, bitter ; minaces et acerbae litterae, 
Cic. ; 3, of events, painful; incendium, Cic. 

acernus -a -um(l. acer), made of maple wood, 
Verg., Hor. 

acerra -ae, f. a casket for keeping incense, 

Acorrae -aruin, f. town in Campania, on 
the river Clanius (now Acerra). 

accrsecomes -ac, m. (i^po-eKo/xi^), having 
unsliorn hair, Juv. 

acervalis -e, Vwt which is heaped up = 
o-upciT>)5, an argument by accumulation, Cic. 

acervatim, adv. I. Lit., in heaps, Lucr. 
II. Transf., dicere, to sum up, to speak compre- 
hensively, Cic. ; multa acervatim frequentans, 
crowding together a number of thoughts, Cic. 

acervo, 1. to heap vp; promiscue acervati 
cumuli homimuu, Liv. 

acervus -i, m. (connected with oyeipw), a 
heap. I. Lit., tritici, Cic; insepulti acervi 
civiuin, Cic. It, Transf., A. ft multitude; facin- 
orum, Cic. B. Logical term, argument by ac- 
cumulation, Cic. 

acesco acfii, 3. (aceo), to grow sour, Hor. 

Acesta -ae, f. ('Axe'cri)), an old town in the 
north of Sicily, also called Egesta and Segcsta 
Castel a Mare di Golfo) ; hence Acest- 
onscs -Ium, inhabitants of Acesta. 

Acestcs -ae, in. king in Sicily, of Trojan 

acetum -i, n. (aceo). I. Lit., vinegar, Cic. 
II. Transf., acutcness, wit; Italo perfusus aceto, 


Acbael -dram, ID. (A\aioC). I. the Achaeans, 
inhabitants of the Greek country of Achaia, Liv. ; 
also, a, tlie Greeks in general, Plin. ; b, the in- 
habitants of the Roman province of Aclwia, Cic. ; 
Q. inhabitants of a Greek colony on the Euxine, Ov. 
II. Hence, 1, Achaeus -a -urn, a, belonging 
to the Greek country of Achaia, Lucr. ; b, Greek, 
belonging to Vie Roman province of Achaia, Cic; 
2, Achaia -ae, f. (Axaia), or Achaja -ae, f. 
a, the Greek country of Achaia, in the north of 
the Peloponnese, Ov. ; b, after 140 B.C., the 
Roman province of Achaia (including the whole 
of Greece except Thessaly), Cic. ; 3, Achaias 
-Ad is, f. a Greek woman, Ov. ; 4, Achaicus 
-a-um, Greek. Cic, 5, Achais -Idos, an Achaean 
, Dv. ; poet. = Greece, Ov. ; 6, Achaius 
-a -uin, Greek, Verg. ; 7 Achivi -Oram, m. the 
Homeric Greeks (genit, plur., Achivom and Achi- 
vum). Adj., Achivus a -um, Greek, Ov. 

Achaemenes -is, m. fAxou^'cr)?), graml- 
f'Mher of Cyrus, and founder of the Persian line 

8 aci 

of the Achaemenidae. Hence adj., Achae- 
menins -a -um, Persian, Ov. 

Acharnaa -orum, f. ('A^npcoi), a town in 
Attica. Hence adj., Acharnanus -a -um, bom 
at Acharnae. 

Achates -ae, m. (Axdrt]<;), 1, river in Sicily; 
2, friend of Aeneas. 

Acheldus -i, in. ('Ax f *a ,o 0. a river between 
Acarnaniaavd Actolia; hence, A. Achelolas 
-Ad is, f. daughter Jiftht. river-god Achclous, Par- 
thenope, Ov. B. AcheloiUS ■a'-nm, belonging 
to the river-god Achclous, Ov. C. Acheloides 
-vim, f. the Sirens, Ov. 

Acheron -ontis, in. ('Axe'pw>')i 1, a river in 
Thcsprotia, flowing through the swamp Ache- 
rusia (now Gurla, or river ofSuli); 2, ft river in 
ISrultii '.(now Mucone or Lese); 3, Mythol., river 
in the lower world, hence the lower world, itself; 
Acheronta niovebo, Verg. ; fugere Acheronta, to 
become immortal, Hor. 

Acherontia -ae, f. « small town in Apulia, 

Acheruns -untis, m. and f. Latin form of 
Acheron, the lower world. Hence adj., Ache- 
rusius -a -um. Subst., Acherusia -ae, f. a, 
a swamp in Thesprotia ; b, ft lake in Campania ; 
c, « cavern in Bitiiynia. 

Achilles -is, m. ('AxtAAeu's), and Achillous 
-6i, in. ft Greek hero, son of Peleus and Thetis; 
appell., ft brave handsome man, a hero, Verg. ; 
hence, L, Achilleus-a-um, relating to Achilles ; 
2 ? Achillides -ae, in. CAxi\x*l&ri$), a descendant 
of Achilles. 

Achivus -a -um = Achaeus (q.v.). 

Achradina -ae, f. CAxpaSivij), the most im- 
portant part of the city of Syracuse, Cic. 

Acidalia -ae, f. ('A<i&a\ia). a surname of 
Venus, from the fountain Acidalia in Boeotia, 
where the Graces, daughters of Venus, bathed. 
Adj., AcidallUS -a -um, belonging to Venus; 
nodus, the girdle of Venus, Mart. 

acidus -a -um (aceo), sharp. I. Lit., sour 
in taste, acid, Hor. il. Transf. , disagreeable, un- 
pleasant, Hor. 

acies-ei, f. (AC, rootofacuo), keenness, edge. 

1. Lit., of a sharp instrument, securis, Cic. ; 
lig.,patimur hebescereacieinhoruni auctoritatis, 
Cic. II. Transf., A. Of the eye, \, piercing look; 
ne vultum qnidem atque aciem oculorum ferre 
potuisse, Caes. ; 2, vision ; bonum incoluinis 
acics, malum caecitas, Cic; poet., the twinkling 
of the stai s, Verg. ; 3, the pupil of the. eye, Cic. ; 
met., the eye itself, Verg. ; hence, 4, of tlie mind, 
insight, keenness; auimi, ingenii, mentis, Cic. B. 
Milit. t.t., 1, an army drown up in line of battle, 
a, ft single line ; prima, Caes. ; novissiina, Liv. ; 
and b. the whole army; aciem instruere, Cic; 

2, battle; Pharsalica, Cic. ; in acie vincere, Caes. ; 
poet., Vulcania, mass of fire, Verg. Transf., ft 
battle in words, Cic. 

Acilius -a -um, name of a Roman gens, the 
most famous members of which were : 1, Man. 
Acil. Glabrio, Consul a.c. 192, conqueror of Antio- 
chusandthe Aetolians ; 2, C. Acil. Gkibrio, author 
of a Roman history in Greek. 

Acilla, and Acylla, and Acholic -ae, f. 
town of the Carthaginians in Byzacium (near 
modern Elalia). 

acmaces -is, m. (a/ai>aKrjs), a short Persian 
sabre, Hor. 

acinus -i, m. and acinum -i, n. a berry 
(esp. grope), Cic 

acipenser -Bris (aclpcnsls -is), in. a fish, 
highly prized by the Romans, the, sturgeon accord.* 
ing to Cuvier, Cic. 



Acis -Wis, m. ("Axis), 1, a river in Sicily, 
near Aetna, famous for its cokl water (now 
Fiume di Jaei), Ov. ; 2, Mytliol., « beautiful shep- 
herd, lover of Galatea, Ov. 

aclys -ydis, f. (perliaps shortened from ayxv- 
Ai'i), a small javelin, Verg. 

Acmonia -ae, f. a town ofPhrygia, on the road 
from Dorylaeum to Philadelphia (now Ahatkoi); 
hence Acmonensis -e, relating to Acmonia. 

Acmonides -ae, m. ('Ak/joWSiiO, one of the 
workmen of Vulcan. 

aconitum -i, n. (axovirov), a poisonous herb, 
monk's hood, aconite, Plin. ; poet. = poison, Verg. 

acquiesco -qulevi -quIStum, 3. (ad and quies- 
co), to rest, repose; 1. physically, a, of persons, 
tres horas, Cic. ; euphem., to die; aunoacquievit 
sexagesimo, Nep. ; b, of things, aures in eo ac- 
quiescant, Cic. ; rem familiarem acquiescere, not 
to be seized, Liv. ; 2, mentally, a, mentis agi- 
tatio quae uumquam acquiescit, Cic. ; b, to find 
rest or comfort in ; in his (litteris tuis) acquiesco, 
Cic. ; c, to be satisfied or pleased with ; in adoles- 
centium caritate, Cic. ; Clodii morte, Cic. 

acquiro -quislvi -quisitum, 3. (ad and quaero). 

1. to add to, acquire, as an increase to what is al- 
ready possessed ; dignitatem, Cic. ; vires acqniiit 
eundo, Verg. II. A. Gen., to acquire, get; tri- 
umphos de populis, Tac. B. Absol., to amass 
money ; acquireudi insatiabile votum, Juv. 

acra -ae, f. (d/cpa), a summit, height, promon- 
tory, Plin. 

Acraeus -a -um (axpaios), that which is upon 
a height, surname of Jupiter atui Juno, Liv. 

acratophoron -i, n. (a>cpo.To<t>6pov), a vessel 
for holding unmixed wine, Cic. 

acredula -ae, f. a bird (variously explained 
as the thrush, the owl, or the nightingale), Cic. 

acriculus -a -um (2. acer), somewhat sharp, 
violent ; ille acriculus, Cic. 

acrimonia -ae, f. 1, sharpness of taste or 
pungency of smell, Pliu. ; 2, energy of speech and 
demeanour, Cic. 

Acrlslus -ii, m. ("AKpio-tot), a king of Argos, 
father of Danae. Hence, 1, Acrlsione -es, f. 
Danae'; 2, Acrisioniades^-ae, in. Perseus, 
son of Danae;' 3, adj., Acrisloneus -a -um, 
arces, Argos, Ov. 

acrlter, adv. (2. acer), sharply, violently, 
strongly ; 1, of the senses ; a, of the sight, acri- 
terintueri solem, steadfastly, withoutbeing dazzled, 
Cic. ; b, of touch, painfully; caedunt acerrime 
virgis, Cic. ; c, of hearing, penetratingly, Plin. ; 

2, of the mind, etc. ; a, of the understanding, 
with sharp insight; videre vitia, Cic; b, of ac- 
tion, courageously ; se morti offerre, Cic. ; c, of 
the passions, passionately ; acerrime exspeetare, 
longingly, Cic; in speech, violently; vituper- 
are, Cic. 

acroama -atis, n. (aKpoa/jia), that which is 
heard with pleasure; Esp., 1, an entertain- 
ment at table of reading or music, Cic. ; 2, Meton., 
Vie person who conducts such an entertainment, a 
reader, actor, or singer, Cic. 

acrSasis -is, f. (axpdao-ts), an assembly of 
persons to listen to reading aloud, Cic. 

Acroceraunia -orum, n. 1, part of the Cc- 
raunian mountains, v. Ceraunius ; 2, appell., 
a dangerous place ; haec Acroceraunia vita, Ov. 

Aero cor in thus -i, f. ('Aicpoicdpii>0os), the 
citadel of Corinth, Liv. 

1. acta -ae, f. (oktj)), the sea-shore, tlie beach, 
especially as a place of recreation, Cic ; hence, 
meton., the pleasures of life at the seasule, Cic. 


2. acta -orum, n. (part, of ago), 1, actions; 
Caesaris nnn modo acta varum etiam cogitata, 
Cic; 2, public acts, ordinances ; servare, Cic; 
especially the register of these acts ; a, of the 
senate, Tac. ; b, of the people, Cic. ; c, of courts 
of justice, Cic ; acta diurna, a kind of ojjicial 
gazette published daily in Home, Tac. 

Actaeon -onis, m. ('AicTaiW), sonofAris'sicits, 
a hunter, who for seeing Diana while bathii^j was 
turned into a stag, and torn to pieces by his dogs. 

Act© -es, f. CAkttj), coast land, an old name 
of Attica ; hence, a, Actaeus-a-um, belonging 
to Attica or Athens; subst., Actaei -orum, 
the people of Attica; b, Actias -adis, f. Attic, 

Actiacus -a -um, v. under Actium. 

actio -onis, f. (ago). I. motion, hence the 
action of tlie body; 1, of an orator, gesture, 
Cic. ; 2, of an actor, action, Cic. II. A. Gen., 
doing, action; gratiarurn, giving of thanks, Cic ; 
primas eius actiones horreo, Cic. B. Esp., pub- 
lic action ; 1, the action of any nutgistrate, pro- 
posal; consularis, Cic. ; actio de pace sublata 
est, Liv. ; 2, action in a court of justice; a, the 
bringing of an action; inquieta urbs actiov.imis, 
Tac. ; b, the action itself; actionem instiluere, 
constituere, intenderc, Cic ; and so, c, tlie 
formula used in bringing an action; actiones 
componere, to draw statements of claim, Cic ; 
and gen., a legal formula; actiones Hostilianae, 
Cic. ; d, the speech on an indictment ; actiones 
Veninae, Cic. ; e, tlie pei-mission or right to bring 
an action; actionem habere, postulare, dare, ac- 
cipere, rcstituere, Cic. ; f, the hearing of an 
action ; altera, tertia, Cic. 

actito, 1. (freq. of ago), to be busy in pleading 
or acting, used of the theatres and courts of 
law ;~oausas multas, Cic. ; tragoedias, Cic 

Actium -ii, u. (*Aktioi>). I. a promontory in 
Acamania, on which stood a temple of Apollo ; 
hard by was fought the naval battle (a.c. 81) in 
which Augustus conquered Antony and Cleo- 
patra. II. a roadstead near Corey ra. Hence 
adj., 1, Actiacus -a -um ; frondes, the leaves of 
the bay tree, sacred to Apollo, Ov. ; legibnes, 
those that fought at Actium, Tac. ; 2, ActiUS -a 
-um ; bella, the battle of Actium, Verg. 

actor -oris, m. (ago), 1, a driver; pecoris, Ov.; 
2 f an actor; secundarum et tertiarum partium, 
Cic; S, a, one who accomplishes anything; 
rerum, Cic ; b, <: public speaker, Cic. ; c, the 
plaintiff in an action, Cic. ; d, the manager of 
property or finances ; actor publicus, one who 
manages public property, Tac. 

Actorides -ae, m. CAKropiint), a descendant 
of Actor, e.g. , Menoetius (son of Actor), or Patro- 
clus (grandson of Actor), Ov. 

actuariola -ae, f. (dim. of actuaria), a small 
skiff, Cic. 

actuarius -a -um (ago), easily moved, swift; 
actuaria navis, a swift-sailing vessel, Cues. ; 
navigium actuarium, Caes. Subst., actuaria 
-ae, f. Cic. 

actiiose, adv. actively, with energy, Cic 

actuosus -a -um, active; virtus, Cic; of a 
speech, effective, Cic. 

actus -us, m. (ago). I. motion; fertur 
magno mons improbus actu, Verg. II. putting 
in motion. A. 1. driving of cattle; leviadinonitu, 
uon actu, infleclit illam feram, Cic ; 2, Meton., 
rigid of way for driving cattle, carts, etc., Cic. B. 
movement of tlie body; of an actor or orator, 
gesture, Liv. C. 1, esp., presentation of a piece 
on the stage; fabollarum, Liv.; 2, division of a 
piece, an act; in extremo actu corruere, Cic. ; 3, 
Trausf., extremus actus aetutis, Cic. 




actutum, adv. immediately, directly, Liv. 
aculeatus -a -urn (aculens). I. Lit., of 
plants and animals, provided with prickles or 

stings, Plin. II. TransC, sluirj) pointed, sting- 
ing; littcrae, Cic. ; Bophisma, hair-spatting, 
subtle, Cic. 

aculeus -i, ra. (dim. of acus), sting. I. A. 
Of animals, apis, Cic. B. Of missiles, point ; 
sagittae, Liv. II. Transf., especially in plur., 
A. sarcasm ; aculei in C. Caesarem, Cic. B. 
sting; sollicitudinuin, Cic. C. deep impression 
(of a speech) ; orator cum dclectatione aculeos 
rellnquit in animis, Cic. 

acumen -Inis, n. (acuo), the sharp point of 
anything. L Lit., stili, Cic. II. Transf., A. 
jtoint (of something witty) ; etiam interpretatio 
nominis habet acumen, Cic. B. sharpness of 
understanding ; ubi est acumen tunin ? Cic. C. 
cunning, trickery ; argutiae et acumen ejus, Cic. 

actio -fii -fltum, 3. (AC, root of acus and 
acies), (o sharpen to a point. I. Lit., to whet (a 
cutting instrument); gladios, Liv. II. Transf., 
to sharpen, practise. A. linguani exercitatioue 
dioettdi, to make more fluent, Cic. ; iugenia 
adolescentium, Cic. B. to inflame ; iram 
hostis ad vindicandas iujurias, Liv. C. to en- 
courage, incite; juventutein ad dicendum, Cic. 

acus -its, f. (AC, root of acuo and acies), a 
needle, a bodkin; vulnus, quod acu punctum 
videtur, Cic. ; acu pingere, to embroider, Verg. ; 
acu rem tetigisti, yon have hit the right nail on 
the head, Plant. 

acute, adv. (acutus), keenly. I. Of the 
senses, cernere, Lucr. ; of the voice, shrilly; 
sonare, Cic. IL Of the understanding, keenly; 
acute arguteque respoudere, Cic. 

ftcutulus -a -urn (dim. of acutus), toinewhat 
subtle, Cic. 

acutus -a -uin, p. adj. with compar. and 
RUperl (from acuo), sharpened, pointed, acute. 
I. Lit., sagitta, Ov. ; of anything pointed, cornua 
lunae, Cic. II. Transf., A. Of physical sensa- 
tions, 1, referring to particular senses ; a, of 
hearing, shrill; vox, Cic. ; ace. neut. as adv., 
rcsonare triste et aeutum, Hor. ; b, of touch, 
piercing; geln, Hor.; 2, of the whole body, 
painful', morbus, Hor.; poet., acuta belli, the 
hardships of war, Hor. B. Of mental perceptions, 
1, sharp, keen ; populi Romani oculos esse acres 
atque acutos, Cic. ; ace> neut. as adv., cernis 
ncutum, you. have keen sight (for the failings of 
others), Hor. : 2, of persons, keen-sighted, vigor- 
ous ; homo acutus magis quam eruditus, Cic. ; 
of orators, effective ; orator, Cic. 
ad, prep, with ace, expressing direction, 
Is, to. I. Of space, A. Lit., 1, of motion, 
Is ; concurrere ad curiam, Cic ; ad Dianoe 
venire, to tlu temple of Diana (sc. aedem), Ter. ; 
ad me, ad te, etc., to mi/ house, Cic. ; so of ex- 
tension, ab imis unguibus usque ad verticem 
suiiimum, Cic. ; 2. of rest, in the direction of, 
near; sedere ad latna ejus, Cic. ; esse ad portas 
(of Roman generals waiting outside Rome for a 
triumph), Cic. ; esse ad aliquem, to 6c on a visit to 
a person, Cic. ; ad judicem, before a pudge, Cic. ; 
ad tibiam, to the sound of the flute, Cic. B. 
Transf., 1, to express direction or extent; a, 
of direction (a) esp. with verbs Implying mo- 
tion, as movere, uucere, etc. ; (/3) of striving 
after an object, with such nouns as enpiditas, 
aviditas, etc., and such adjectives, as acer, pro- 
pensus, etc. ; (y) of aim or purpose, to, for; adju- 
torem ad injuriam, Cic. ; so with adj. like natiis, 
aptus, etc., and verbs as adjuvarej etc. ; ad id, 
for that object, Liv.; quid ad rem? what is the 
object of this? Cic. ; quid ad me, what has this 
to do with me ? Cic. ; so (aa) of medicines, for, 

against; radieum genera ad (to cure) morsns 
bestiarum, Cic; (/30) of occupation, to, for; 
Rervos ad remnm dare, Liv. ; (£) in relation /".• 
i i; ■ j iilti'1- ail labores belli, Cic; (e) in comparison 
with; scuta ad amplitudinem uorporum parum 
latii, Liv.; b, of extent, to,vpto; (o)virgisad 
necem caedi, Cic. ; ad extremmn, ultimuin, en- 
tirely; homo non ad extremmn perditus, Liv. ; 
ad sumiuain, 071 the whole, Cic ; (£) of numbers, 
to the amount of, etc ; ad unnm cmnes, all to a 
man, Cic. ; ad assem perdere, to lose your last 
farthing, Hor.; (7) near to, about; (fuiinus) 
omnino ad duccntos, Cic. ; 2, a ? in addition 
to; ad cetera banc quoquo plagam lnlligerc, Cic. ; 
ad hoc, besides, Sail. ; b, in consequence of; 
ad fainam belli novas legiones scribere, Liv. ; c, 
according to (some standard); ad istorum nor- 
mam, Cic. ; ad verbnm, literally. Cic II. Of 
time, 1, a, of extent, up to; ab hora octava 
ad vesperum, Cic. ; ad hoc tempus, till now, 
Cic. ; quern ad finem? how long? Cic. ; b, of 
duration ; ad paueos dies, for a few days; 2, of 
point of time, a, at, towards; 110s te hie ad 
mensem Januarium expectamus, Cic. ; ad luceni, 
in the morning, Cic. ; ad tempus, in due time, 
Cic. ; b, within; ad annum tribunum plebis 
fore, Cic. 

aclactlo -Onis, f. (adigo), a driving to, com- 
pulsion; jurisjurandi (obligation), Liv. 

adactus -us, m. (adigo), a bringing to ; den- 
tis, a bite, Lucr. 

adaeque, adv. in like Manner, Liv. 

Tidaequo, 1. A. Lit., to make equal villi ; 
moles moenibns, Caes. B. Transf. , 1, to equalise; 
a, with cum and the abl., cum virtute fortunam, 
Cic ; b, witli dat., se virtute nostris, Cic. ; so to 
compare; fonnam, aetatem, genus mortis magni 
Alexandri fatis, Tac ; 2, to come near to ; alti- 
tudinein muri, Caes. ; deorum vitam, Cic. 

adamanteus -a -urn, hard as steel, Ov. 

adamantinus -a -am (aSanoiriro?), made 
of hard steel, adamantine, Hor. 

adamas -ant is, m. (aSa/xas), 1, the hardest 
steel, adamant; nexae adamant e catenae, Ov. ; 
poet., anything that is firm, unyielding, and 
durable; in pec-tore ferrum aut adamanta gerit, 
Ov. ; voce sua adamanta movere, « heart of steel, 
.Mart. ; 2, the diamond, Plin. 

adambulo, 1. to walk by or near anything, 

adamo, 1. I. to fall in lore with; aliquem, 
Liv. II. to find pleasure in; equos, Cic; 
gloriam, Cic. 

adamussim, v. amussis. 

adaperio -perui -pertum, 4. to open fully; 
adapertae fores portae, Liv. 

adapertilin -e, that which is capable ofbt ing 
opened ; latus tauri, Ov. 

adapto, 1. to fit to, adapt, Suet. 

adaquo, 1. to supply with water, to give to 
drink, Plin. 

adaquor, 1. dep. to fetch water; of soldiers, 

ddauctus -us, m. (adaugeo), an increase, 

adaugeo -auxi -auctum, 2. l f to increase, to 
augment; bonuni, Cic. ; 2, of sacrifices, to devote, 

adaugesco, 3. to begin to increase, Cic. poet. 

adbibo -blbi -bibitum, 3. 1, Lit, to drink, 
drink in, Ter. ; 2, Transf., of the ears; verba 
puro pectore, Hor. 

adbito, 3. to go near, Plaut. 

addecet, v. impers. it becomes, suits, Plaut. 




addenseo, 2. and addenso, 1. to make 
thick, orcomjKtct; extremi addensent acies, Verg. 
addico -dixi -dictum, 3. to assent to; 1, 
t.t. in augury, to promise favourably (of the 
omens of birds), Li v. ; 2, to award; a. of a 
judge, especially the praetor (whose formula was 
do, dico, addico); alicni bona, Cic. ; liberum 
corpus in servitutem, Liv. ; esp., to award a 
debtor as a slave to his creditor; ob creditam 
pecuniam addici, Liv. ; addictus, a debtor thiis 
adjudged a slave, Liv. ; b, of an auctioneer, to 
knock down to a bidder; funduin alicui, Cic; 
alicui aliquid nummo sestertio, or simply 
nunnno, to give (by a fictitious sale), Cic, 
Ilor. ; to put up for sale (of the vendor) ; aedes, 
Cic. ; transf., regna pecunia, Cic. ; 3, to give up 
or over, alicuius bona in publicum, to confis- 
cate, Cic. ; aliquem perpetuae servituti, Caes. ; 
so addictus, bound, pledged; nullius addictus 
jurare in verba ministri, Hor. ; se alicui, in a 
bad sense, to give oneself up to slavishly; se sena- 
tui, Cic. 

addictio -onis, f. (addico), the judge's award; 
bonoruni possesskmumque, Cic. 
addictus -a -um, v. addico. 
addisco -didld, no sup. 3. to learn, in addi- 
tion; artem, Cic. 

additamentum -ij n. an addition ; Ligus, 
additamentum inimicorum meorum, Cic. 

addo -didi -dltum, 3. I. to give to, to give, 
to place. A. Lit., epistolas in fasciculum, Cic. ; 
soleam pedi, Ov. ; of persons, alicui comitein, 
Verg. B. Transf. , to inspire, to cause, produce ; 
alicui alacritatem scribendi, Cic. II. to add, 
increase, Liv. A. Lit., 1, unum granum, Cic. ; 
gradum, to luisten, Liv.; 2, of writing, to add; 
in orationem quaedam, to make some additions, 
Cic. ; 3, of reckoning, to add ; addendo deducen- 
doque, by addition and subtraction; videre quae 
reliqui summa fiat, Cic. B. Transf., 1, hunc la- 
borem ad quotidiana opera, Caes. ; sceleri scelns, 
Liv. ; 2, to give as a respite (of time); paucosdies 
ad rem publicam gerendam, Cic. ; 3. to add to 
something said, to say in addition ; addunt etiam 
de Sabin'i morte, Caes. ; with ace. and infin.,addit 
. etiam illud, equos non optimos fuisse, Cic. ; adde, 
or adde hue, or eo, with ace. subst. or quod, 
add to this ; adde eo exsilia, luctus, Cic. 

addoceo, 2. to teach in addition, to teach, 

addutrito, 1. to incline to doubt, to begin to 
doubt; followed by de, in, num, an, utruin, quid ; 
res addubitata, a question undecided, Cic. 

adduco -duxi -ductum, 3. I. to draw toone- 
self. A. Gen., parvis colla lacertis (of children 
embracing their mother), Ov. B. Esp., 1, todraw 
tight to oneself; balistae et reliquatormeuta con- 
tenta atque adducta vehementius, Cic. ;• 2, to 
draw together, to wrinkle; adducit cutem macies, 
Ov. II. to bring (as a guide), or lead a thing or a 
person. A. Lit, 1, of persons, aliquem iu con- 
spcctumpopuli, Liv. ; aliquem in jus or judicium, 
or simply aliquem, to bring to justice, Cic. ; 2, of 
things, aurum secum,Liv. ; esp. of bringing water 

Shy an aqueduct, etc.), aquam, Cic. B. Transf., 
. t to bring to a certain condition; aliquem in 
vituperationem, invidiam, Cic. ; eo adduxit eos 
ut, etc., Cic. ; sesuumqueregnuminultimumdis- 
criinen, Liv. ; 2, to bring a person to a certain 
state of mind ; in Return, in mctum, Cic. ; addnci 
ad susplcanduin, Cic. ; followed by ut and the 
subj., adducis me ut tibi assentiar, Cic. ; with 
inli'n., in spemadducti, hunc ipsum annum salu- 
tarem civitati fore, Cic. ; with genit., in spem 
adductns conficiendi belli, Sail. ; so adductus, 
influenced; spe mercedis, Cic. ; absol., adducor 
igifur et prope modum assentior, Cic. 

adductius, adv. compar. (adductus), more 
severely, Tac. 

adductus -a -um, p. adj. (from adduco), of 
persons, severe, Tac. 

adedo -cdi -esum, 3. to nibble, to gnaw. I. 
A. Lit., adesi favi, Liv. B. Transf., scopulns 
adesus nquis, Ov. II. to consume, waste away; 
non adesa jam sed abundant! etiam pecunia, Cic. 

ademptio -onis, f. (adimo), a taking away; 
civitatis, Cic. 

1. adeo, adv. (ad and eoi, old dat. of is), to 
that point, so far. I. Lit., A. Of space, so far, 
Ter. B. Of time, so long, used with usque and 
followed by dum, donec,quoad, Cic. II. transf., 
of degree, a, so much, so, followed by ut, Cic ; 
b, even, what is more; ducem hostium intra 
moenia atque adeo in senatu videmus, Cic. ; c, 
used enclitically with pron., just; id adeo, Cic. ; 
with conj., si, nisi, sive, aut, vel, Cic. ; d, to 
such an extent, so; adeo prope omnis senatus 
Hannibalis fuit, Liv. ; e, with non, much less, 

2. adeo -it -itum, 4. to go or come to, approach. 
I. Lit.^V. Gen., ad istum fundum, Cic. ; curiam, 
Liv. B. Esp., 1, adire inpraetorem in jus ; or 
simply in jus, to go to law, Cic. ; 2, to travel 
to, to visit; casas aratorum, Cic. ; 3, to go to 
some one for counsel or help ; praetorem, Cic. ; or 
for consulting about the future; magos, Cic; or 
for prayer for help ; aras, Cic. ; 4, to apjrroach 
asauenemy ; ad queinvis numerumephippiatoruin 
equitum adire auderc, Cic. II. Transf., 1, to un- 
dertone some business ; ad causas privatas et pub- 
licas, Cic. ; adrempublicam, to enter jw&Zic life, 
Cic. ; 2, to come to some condition, to undergo, 
incur; perieulum capitis, Cic. ; 3, legal t. t., 
adire hereditatem, to enter on an inheritance, 
Cic. ~ 

adeps -ipis, c. (connected with oAei'^w), 
the soft fat of animals; meton., Cassii adipem, the. 
corpulent Cassius, Cic. 

ftdeptlO -onis, f. (adipiscor), attainment, ob- 
taining ; lilii; commodi, Cic. 

adcquito, 1. to ride to; with dat., ipsis 
portis, Liv. ; with ad, ad nostros, Caes. ; absol., 

adesdum, or ades dum, come hither, Ter. 

adesurio, 4. to hunger after anything, Plaut. 

adf, v. under aff . . . 

adg, v. under agg . . . 
adhaereo -haesi -haesum, 2. to hang to, 

stick to, adliere. A. Lit., manus oneri adhaerentes, 
frozen to, Tac. ; saxis, Liv. B. Transf., 1, to 
border on, to be near; modica silva adliaerebat, 
Tac. ; 2, to keep close to a jierson, to be always at 
the side of; latcri adhaerere gravem dorninum, 
to sit on the neck of, Liv. ; so nulli fortunae ad- 
hacrebat animus, depended upon, Liv. ; of things, 
cni canis cognomen adhaeret, thenickname clings 
to him, Hor. ; of an appendage, summusque in 
margine versus adhaesit, was written on the edge 
for want of room, Ov. ; so, of persons, te vix ex- 
tremum adhaesisse, Cic. 

adhacresoo -haesi -haesum, 3. to hang to, to 
adliere. A. Lit., gravis lateri craterae limus 
adhaesit, Hor. ; of burning missiles, ad turriin, 
Caes. ; fig., in me uno consulates faces ... in 
mo omnia conjurationis tela adhaeserunt ; of 
shipwrecks, ad saxa sironum, Cic. ; fig., ad 
qnanicuinquc sunt dlsciplinam quasi tempest- 
ate delati, ad cam tain quam ad saxum ad- 
haerescunt, Cic. B. Transf., 1, to cling to, to re- 
main; in hie locis adhaerescere, Cic. ; justitiae 
honestatique, not to swerve from, Cic. ; ad om- 
nium vestrum studium, sympathise with, Cic. ; 
2, of an orator, to stick fast, stop, Cic. 




adhaeslo -onis, f. (adhaereo), clinging to; 
atoinorum, Cic. 

adhacsus -us, in. (adhaereo), an adhering, 

adhibco -fti -Hum, 2. (ad and habeo), to 
bring one thing to another, to apply to. I. Gen., 
man us gcnibus, Ov. ; maims vectigolibns, to 
ray hands on, to seUe, Cic; adhibete animoa et 
■a vestras, non solum aun s, Cic. II. Esp., 
A. to join, associate, add; studio adhibito atque 
ubu, Cic. B. 1, to apply something to Bome 
particular end or object ; orationem ad valgus, 
: alicui vim, Cic. ; morbis remedia, Cic. ; 
iambum in fabulis, Cic. ; fldem, Cic. ; 2, to em- 
ploy or call a person to help or advise, etc. ; ali- 
quem in consilium, Cic. ; aliquem in convivium, 
to invite, Cic. ; medicum, Cic. ; with double ace, 
aliquem patronum, Cic. ; Sicilian) testem, Cic. ; 
wita adv., to treat; aliquem liberaliter, Cic. 

adhlnnio, 4. to neigh after. I. Lit., Ov. 
II. Transf., sic ad illius orationem adhinnivit, 
neighed with joy at, Cic. 

adhortatlo -Onis, f. an exhortation, Cic. 

adhortator -oris, m. one who exhorts; opcris, 

adhortor, 1. dep. to exhort, encourage (espe- 
cially of soldiers); omnes cohortes ordinesque, 
Caes. ; in helium, Tac. ; ad defendendam rem- 
publicam, Cic. 

adhnc, adv. (ad and lmic, shoi-tened to hue), 
thvs far, hitherto; properly of place, but gener- 
ally used of time, hitherto; 1, up to the present 
time, till now; a, of the actual present, usque 
adluic, adhnc semper, adhnc dum, Cic. ; used 
with nuns, non, neque, nihil, nullus, Cic; b, 
of the historic present, fluctuans adhnc animo, 
Liv. ; 2, of something which is continuing still; 
ndhuc de consuetudine excrcitationis loquor; 
nondum do ratione et Baplentia, Cic ; followed 
by ut or qui with the subj. — so far that, Cic. 

Adiabcne ■&, f. ('AtnaPnffi), a province of 
Assyria (now Kurdistan), Adj., Adiabenus 
-a -uni, Adiabenian. 

adtclo = adjicio (q.v.). 

adlgo -Cgl •actum, 8. (ad and ago), to drive to. 
A. Lit., l,ofcattle,pecns evicts longinquioribus, 
; 2, of men, aliquem fulmine ad umbras, 
Verg. ; so legal t. t., arbitnim (old Lat. for ad 
nrbitrum), adigcre aliquem, to summon before an 
arbiter, Cic. ; 3, of things, triremes per aestu- 
aria. Tac. ; quouam loco turrf adaeta, Caes. B. 
Transf., 1, to drive to, to compel to ; ad mortem, 
Tac ; absol., adigit ita Postumia etServius tilius, 
Cic. ; legal and mi lit. t. t., aliouein ad jusjuran- 
ilum.Cacs. ;orjusjurandum,Cic. ; orjurejurando, 
or sacramento, Liv., to put a man on his oath, 
to swear in ; 2, to fashion; in faciem prorae pinus 
adaeta novae, Prop. 

adlmo -cml -empltiin, 3. (ad and cmo), to take 
. 1, something painful ; vincnla canibus, 
Ov. ; dolores, Hor. ; 2, to take away (property); 
alicui pecuniam, vitnm, Cic. ; with a and tlio 
abb, Cic. ; 3, to take away (a person), aliquem 
alicui, Cic. ; esp. of death, hence ademptun, poet. 
dead, Hor. 

adlpatus -a -nm (adeps). I. Lit., fatty, 
greaty. Bubst., adipata -orum n. pastry madt 
ii Hh ijrease, Juv. II. Transf., of style, bombastic; 
adipatae dictionis genus, Cic 

adlpiscor -eptUS, 3. dep. (ad and apiscor). 
I. to come up to, to overtake ; fugientem, Liv. II. 
Transf., to obtain; laudem, Cic; gloriam ex ali- 
qnsre,Nep. ; quod adeptus est per scelus, Cfc ; 
with genit., reruin adeptus, Tac. ; part., adeptus, 
Used i>assively, eandem accusant adeptam, when 
rtached, Cic, De Sen. ii. 4. 

aditlo -onis, f. agoing to, an approach, riant. 

aditus -us, m. (2. adeo), a going to, an a)>- 
pronch, access, I. A. Lit., 1, difflcilea aditus 
habere ad pastuiu, Cic. ; 2, right or possibility of 
entrance to ; aditus in id sacrarium non est viiis, 
Cic. ; of audience of a person, homo ran aditus, 
difficult of access, Liv. ; faciles aditus ad euui pri- 
vatorum, Cic ; aditus ad aliquem iutercludere, 
Cic. ; petentibus non dare, Nep. ; ad aliquem 
postulare, Tac B. Meton., entrance to a place, 
approach; aditus insulae muniti, Cic; aditus 
templi, Cic. ; ad castra, Caes. ; in Sicilian), 
Cic. ; omnes aditus claudere, or intercludere, 
Cic II. Transf., opportunity of obtaining ; ad 
honorem, Cic. ; laudis, Cic. 

adjacco, 2. to lie by the side of, to be adja- 
cent; ad ostium Rhndani, Caes.; with ace. alone, 
Ktruriain, Liv. ; with dat., agio Romano, Liv. ; 
absol., adjaeente Tibri, Tac Subst., adja- 
centia -ium, n. the neighbourhood, Tac. 

adjectlO -onis, f. (adjicio), on adding to; 
adjectione populi Albani, Liv. ; illiberal) adjec- 
tione, a paltry advance, Liv. ; Hispaniensibus 
fainiliaruni adjectiones dedit, incorporated new 
families, Tac. 

adjectus -us, m, (adjicio), am adding to, 

adjicio -jeei -je.ctum, 3. (ad and jacio), to 
throw to. I. A. Lit., telum, Caes. B. Transf. 
1, to cast a longing look upon ; oculum here- 
ditati, Cic. ; 2. to direct the thoughts to ; dictis 
mentein, Ov. II. A. to apply; stimulos fre- 
menti, Ov. B. to add; 1, Lit., aggereni ad 
nuinitiones, Caes. ; 2, Transf., a, ad belli laudem 
doctrinae et ingenii gloriain, Cic ; b, to add to 
what has been said, Liv. ; 3, to outbid at an 
auction ; supra adjecit Aeschno, Cic. 

adjudico, 1. to award, as a judge, adjudicate, 
to decide as a judge. I. Lit., causam alicui, in 
favour of any one, Cic. ; regnum Ptoleinaeo, to 
assign the kingdom to Ptolemy, Cic. II. Transf., 
Italis adjudicat armis, assigns to the Soman 
power, Hor. ; alicui salutem imperii hujus 
atque orbis terrarum, Cic. 

adjumentum, -i, n. (adjuvo), help, assist- 
ance; alicuius rei, ad aliquid, alicui rei, in aliqua 
re, Cic. 

adjunctlo -onis, f. (adjungo), a joining to. 

1. addition to, union.; a, naturae ad hominem, 
Cic. ; b, a rhet. figure = <rui'e£evyjae'jw, where 
the predicate stands either at the beginning or 
the end of a clause. II. a joining to, adding 
to, connexion, union; a, verborum, Cic. ; b, in 
rhet., a limitation, restriction, Cic. 

adjunctor -oris, m. (adjungo), one who joins, 
connects; ille Galliae ulterioris adjunctor (i.e., 
Pompeius, who caused Gallia Ulterior to be 
added to Caesar's province), Cic. 

adjunctUS -a -urn, p. adj. (from adjungo), 
bound to, belonging to; propiora hujus causae 
et adjuuetiora, Cic. Subst., adjuncta -orum, 
n. things closely connected with, or suitable, to, 
anytliing, Cic. 

adjungo -Junxi -junctum, 3. to join to, bind 
to. I. Lit., 1, of animals, plostello mures, Hor. ; 

2, of vines, uhnis vites, Verg. II. Transf., to 
join, add. A. 1, of space ; a, of things, parietem 
ad parietem coinmuncm, Cic. ; adjunctus fundus, 
neighbouring, Cic. ; b, of persons, beluis ad- 
juncto humano corpori, Cic. ; juris scientiam 
eloqucntiaetainqu.ini an eillula m pediscquamque, 
Cic; 2, of time, pass., tobe near In age; ci proxime 
adjunctus Drusus (rater fuit, Cic. B. to ex- 
press any connection or relation ; 1, of things, 
a, in speaking, to join; verba ad nomen ad- 
juncta, epithets, Cic. ; similitudines adjungens, 




Cic. ; b, in argument, to connect; rebus prae- 
sentibus adjungere atque aunectcre futures, 
Cic; c, of territory, to add; Wliuiain ad ini- 
perium populi Romani, Cic. ; agros populo, 
Cie; d, to connect in any kind of relation, to 
aire, to attribute ; tidemvisis, Cic. ; sibiauxilium, 
Cic ; insolentiam honestati, Cic. ; animuin ad 
aliquod studiuin, Ter. ; 2, of persons, a, to bring 
in as a jxirticipator ; aliquem ad suos sermones, 
Cic; b. to biiul, unite; urbem ad amicitiam, 
Liv. ; aliquem sibi socium, or simply socium, 
Cic. ; with double ace, se comitein fugae, Cic. 

adjuro, 1. 1, to swear in addition, Liv. ; 2, 
to swear, to promise on oath; qui omnia adjurant, 
Cic ; a, with ace and inftu., adjuras id te invito 
me non esse facturum, Cic. ; b, with per and the 
ace, per Jovem, Plaut. ; c, with the simple ace, 
adjuro Stygii caput implacabile fontis, Verg. 

adjutabilis -e,fullof help, serviceable, Plaut. 

adjuto, 1. to be serviceable, to help, Plaut, 

adjutor oris, m. (adjuvo), a helptr ; 1, vie- 
toriae populi Komani, Cic. ; a, with in and the 
abl., in re gerenda, Cic. ; b, witn ad and the ace, 
adjutores ad injuriam, Cic; c, witli contra and 
the ace, his adjutor contra patriam inventus est 
nemo, Cic ; 2, a regular assistant ; one who played 
secondary parts on the stage, Hor. ; esp., the 
assistant of a public officer, deputy; P. Maulius in 
Hispaniam citeriorem adjutor consuli datus, Liv. 

adjutrix -ids, f. (adjutor), 1, of persons, 
she that helps, a female assistant, a helper; Mi- 
nerva adjutrix consiliorum meoruni, Cic. ; 2, 
of things, aid; quae res Plancio in petitione 
fuisset adjutrix, Cic. ; 3, name of reserve legions 
under tlie empire, Tac 

adjuvo -juvi -jutum, 1. to help, assist, sup- 
port. I. aliquem in aliqua re, Cic ; ad bellum, 
Liv. ; followed by ut with the subj., Cic. ; maer- 
orein nationis lacrimis suis, Cic. II. to be of 
service, to avail ; jam nihil te Neronis judicium 
adjuvat, Cic. ; philos. t. t., causae adjuvantes, 
mediate, Cic. ; impers., followed by the infin., 
nihil igitur adjuvat procedere et progredi in vir- 
tute, Cic 

adl, v. under all . . ., 1. to hasten; adruaturari de- 
fectionem, Caes. 

admetlor -mensus, 4. dep. to measure out 
to ; frumentum alicui, Cic. 

Admetus -i, in. ("AS^roO, 1, ruler ofPherae, 
in Thessaly, husband ofAlcestis, who died for him ; 
2, king of the Molossi, friend of Tliemistocles. 

admigro, 1. to xmnder to, to came to, Plaut. 

admlniculo, 1. to support, prop; vitem, Cic. 

admlniculum -i, n. (ad and *mineo). I. 
Lit., a prop, a support, the pole on which a vine is 
trained, Cic. II. Transf., aid, help; ad aliquod 
tumquam adminiculum anniti, Cic ; egore a 1- 
miniculis, Tac 

administer -stri, m. an attendant, an as- 
sistant; Jovi se consiliarium atque administruiu 
•latum, Cic. ; in a bad sense, audaciae satelles 
atque administer tuae, Cic. 

admmistra -ae, f. (administer), she that 
helps; artes tnyus administra6 comitesque vir- 
tutis, Cic. 

administrate -6nis, f. 1, the giving of help ; 
sine hominura administratnone, Cic. ; 2, direc- 
tion, government ; navis, Caes. ; belli, Cic; mundi, 
rerum, reipublicae, Cic. 

administrator -oris, ru. an administrator, 
manager; quidam belli gereudi, Cic. 

administro, 1. 1, to help, assist, Plaut. ; 
2, to vmnage, direct, administer; rempublicani, 

Cic. ; navem, to steer, Caes. ; of war, bellum cum 
Cimbri.s, Cic; exercituni, Cic; of other things, 
provincial)!, Cic. ; leges ct judicia, Cic. ; omneui 
rnundnm, Cic. 

admirabilis -e, worthy of culmiralion, ad- 
mirable ; 1, admirabilis efc siugularis sapientia, 
Cic. ; 2, astonishing, strange (to translate 
rrapaSofa), Cic. 

admirabilftas -atis, f. admirableness, Cic. ; 
haec animi despicieutia magnamadmirabilitatein 
facit, excites v:onder, Cic. 

adnv rablliter, adv. 1, admirably, xvonder 
fully ; laudari, Cic. ; 2, strangely (Gr. irapafiofius), 

admirandus -a -um (admiror) = admira- 
bilis, worthy of admiration ; homo, Cic 

admiratio -onis, f. 1, admiration; summam 
hoiuiuum admirationem excitare, Cic. ; liabere, 
Cic. ; in magna admiratione esse, Cic. ; plur., 
admirationes, outbursts of admiration ; clamores 
et admirationes efticcre, Cic. ; 2, wonder, aston- 
ishment; tam atrocis rei, at so cruel a deed, Cic. ; 
admiratio consulem incessit quod, Liv.; admir- 
atio orta est, followed by ace with infill., Liv. ; 
lit clamor et admiratio populi, followed by ace 
witli infin., Cic. 

admiror, 1. dtp. 1, to admire ; res gestas, 
Cic. ; 2, to be astonished at; with adv., leviter, 
vekementer, maguopcrc, ctc.,aliquid, Cic ; nihil, 
Cic. ; in aliqua re, dc aliquo, Cic. ; with ace and 
infin., Cic ; with quod, cur, quo pacto, uude, 

admisceo -miscui -mixtum (-mistum), 2. I. 
to mix with, to add to by mixing. A. Lit., aquae 
adinixtus calor, Cic. B. Transf., to join; ad- 
miscerenturne plebeii, Liv. ; ad id consilium 
adiriscear, Cic. II. to mix with something. A. 
Lit., frtir niulto calore admixtus, Cic. B. Transf., 
urbes inaritimae admiscentur novis sermonibus 
ac disciplinis, become familiar with, Cic. 

admlssarius, -i, m. (admitto), a stallion; 
fig., a lascivious man, Cic. 

admlssio -Suis, f. an audience, esp. of a 
royal person, Pliu. 

admissum -i, ra. a crime, Cie 

admitto -misi -missum, 3. to send to. I. to 
let go. A. Lit., 1, to let a horse go at full speed, 
to urge on, to put to a gallop; equo admisso, 
Cie; 2, to hurry; admisso passu, with hxirried 
step, Ov. B. Transf., to let go; quod semel ad- 
missum coerceri reprimique non potest, Cic. II. 
to let in, to give access to. A. Lit., 1, aliquem ad 
capsas, Cie ; 2, to give audience to; aliquem, 
Cic. ; 3, to admit a person to share in an under- 
taking, etc. ; aliquem ad consilium, Cie B. 
Transf., 1, of words, entreaties, etc., to allow 
to reach ; eas conditiones vix auribus, Liv. ; 
2. of an act, to allow; litem, Cie; of omens, 
ailitiittunt aves, the auguries allow it, Liv. ; 3, to 
commit a crime; in te tautum facinus, Cic. 

admixtio -onis, f. (admisceo), a mingling, 
an admixture; corporis, Cic. 

admoderate, adv. appropriately, Lucr. 

admoderor, 1. dep. to moderate, Plaut. 

admodum adv. (ad and modum), up to the 
measure, up to thr.mark ; hence, I. With numbers, 
about ; turres admodum CXX., Caes. II. Of de- 
gree, completely, quite; A. Gen., 1, with adjec- 
tives or adverbs, forma admodum impolita et 
plane rudis, Cic. ; admodum raro, Cie ; with 
nihil and nullus, litterarura admodum nihil 
sciebat, entirely ignorant of, Cic. ; of age, puer 
admodum, a mere boy, Liv. ; non admodum 
grandis natu, Cic. ; 2, with verbs, me admodum 
diliguut, Cic. B. In affirmative answer, «r> 
tuinly, Ter. 




admoenio, 4. to besiege, riant, 
admolior, I. dep. to move to, Plaut. 

admoneo -ui •Itnm, 2. to admonish, remind, 
i(io;i (o; 1, aliquem alicuius rei, or de 
aliqua re, Cic. ; aliquem haec, ram Win, niulta, 
followed by ace and intin., Liv. ; or rela- 
sentence with quaiitus, qui, Cic. ; 2, in busi- 
ness language, to remind of a debt ; aliquem aeris 
aliciii, Cic. ; 3, a, to advise to do something; fol- 
lowed by ut or ne and the subj., or by the simple 
stibj., by ad or in and the ace, or by the intin., 
Cic. ; adthesaunnn reperiendum admoneri, Cic. ; 
b, to urge or incite; telo bijugos, Verg. 

ndmonitio -onis, f. a reminding; 1 ( Gen., 
Cic. ; 2, friendly admonition; admouitio In con- 
silio dando fmniiiaris, Cic; in plur., nee preci- 
bus nee admonitiotiibus nostris reliquit locum, 

admonltor -oris, m. one ivho reminds, Cic. 

admonitum -i, n. an adtnonition, a call- 
ing to mind, Cic. 

admdnitus -ils, m. o reminding; 1, loc- 
arumadmouitu, Cic. ; 2, admonishing, warning; 
amici tali admonitu, Cic. ; mortis, Ov. 

admordeo -morsum, 2. 1, to bite at, to gnaw, 
Prop. ; 2, to fleece, Plaut. 

admotio -Onis, f. a moving to; digitorum, 
pluying on the harp, Cic. 

admove'o -movi -motum, 2. to move, bring 

to. A. Gen., 1, fasdculum ad nares, Cic. ; ali- 

cul stimulus, Cic. ; uiauuin operi, to engage in a 

Ov. ; manna nocentibus, to lay hands on 

the grill;:, Liv. ; so manus vectigalibus, Cic; 

■ in ad corpus, Cic. ; angues curribus, to 

yoee, Ov. ; with ace. alone, ignem, Cic ; anrem, 

2, to dirrd, devote; mentcssuas, non solum 

aures, ad lmruspicum voccm, Cic. ; 3, milu. 1. 1., 

to briny up war-machines ; opus ad turrim 

mi. Cars. ; ti, bring H]> soldiers; armatos 

minis, Liv. ; 4, of .sacrifices, to bring to the altar; 

l.liam vlgtlmain avis, Liv. ; 5, to bring near, 

; nrbom ad mare, Cic. B. 1, to ap- 

]i'"i ; enrationem ad aliquem, Cic. ; oratlonem 

ad si nana animorom atone motus intlnmmandos, 

•ie. ; 2, <>f time, in the pass., to draw near; 

admotua supremis, drawing near to death, Tac. ; 

se admovere, to draw near; se applicare et 

proplna admovere, Cic. 

admugio, 4. to bellow after, Ov. 

admurmuratlo -5nis, f. o murmuring 

(cither of approbation or disapprobation), Cic. 

admurmiiro, 1. to murmur at (in ap- 
1 rova] or disapproval), Cic 

admutllo, 1. to shear, shave; hence, transf., 
to fleece, Plant. 

adn, v. agn or ann . . . 

adolco -ui, 2. 1, Intrans., to smell, Plaut. ; 2, 

to smell, to set on fire, to burn (of 

sacrifices) ; viscera tauri flammis, Ov. ; honores 

Junoni, to honour by burning saa-ifices to, Verg. ; 

•he altar Itself, to light up with Sacrificial 

tltaria flammis, Lucr. ; llammis Penates 

»= focos), Verg. ; cruore captivo aras, to feed 

Ian with, etc., Tac 

adolcsccns (aduleaceos) -entis (part, of ado- 

A. Adj. (with compar.), young; admo- 

d »m i ; adolescenttar academia, 

B. Subst., 1, maac., a you ng man (with- 

<c to any particular age) ; puersivc 

ja"i '■ : ii- vel i'u- 1 po- 

lunior in Englishyto dis- 

h * person from some one of th* same 

name, but older; r. Crasaiua adol., Caes. ; 2, 

-•II. as an attribute; tllia adoL, 


n dolesccntia -ae, f. youth ; citius adoles- 
eentiae sencctus quam pueritiae adolesccntia 
obrepit, Cic ; ineunte adolesceutia, Cic ; ah 
adolescentia, a prima adol. ; ah ineunte adol., 
from youth vpward, Cic. ; meton., the young, Cic 

adolepccntula -ae, f. a very young girl, 
used as a term of endearment, Plaut. 

addtescentulus -i, m. a very young man; 
applied by Cic. to himself in his 27th year, and 
by Salluax to Caesar wheu Caesar was about 33 
or 35 ; ab adolescentulo, from youth, upward, 

l. ad5lesco -olevi-ultum, 3. to grow, to grow 
vp to maturity. A. Lit., 1, of men, is qui adole- 
verit, Cic. ; 2, of plants, viriditas herbescens 
quae sensimadolcscit, Cic. B. Transf., to grow, 
increase; of time, to advance ; cummatura adole- 
verit aetas, Verg. ; ver donee adolesceret, Tac. ; 
of the mind, to be developed, to come to maturity ; 
ratio quuin adolevit atque perfecta est, Cic. ; 
ea cupiditas adolescit una cum aetatibus, Cic. 

'-'• adolesco-eie(adoleo), toblaze ; adolescuut 
ignibus arae, Verg. 

Adoneus -Si, m. = Adonis (q.v.). 

Adonis -Idle ("A&oi'is), and Adon -Onis, in. 
CA&oc), a beautiful youth, son of Cinyras, king of 
Cypms, beloved of Venus, slain by a wild boar, 
but changed after death by Venus into a flower 

adoperio -pcrtti -pertum, 4. 1, to cover; 
capite adoperto, Liv. ; humus floribus adoperta, 
Ov. ; 2, to close, adoperta lumina somno, Ov. 

Sdopmor, 1. dep. to guess, Lucr. 

adoptatlcitis -a -urn, adopted as a child, 

adoptatio -Onis, f. = adoptio (q.v.). 

adoptio -Onis, f. the adoption of a child ; 
emaucipare (Ilium alic.ui in adoptiouem, I" give 
in adoption, Cic. ; ascirc aliquem in or pcradop- 
tioncm, !o adopt, Tac. 

adoptivus -a -um. I. relating to adoption; 
filius, jiater, (rater, soror, adopted son, etc., Suet. ; 
sacra, the rites of the family into ichich the per- 
son was adopted, Cic. ; uobilitas, Ov. II. Transf., 
of plants, grafted, Ov. 

adopto, 1. I. Gen. to choose for one's self; sibi 
aliquem patronura, Cic. ; of tilings, Etruscas 
opes, toUiketoone'said,Ov. II. Esp., A. Lit., 
to adopt as child or grandchild (per aes el 
libram, by a fictitious side, or testaniento, by 
vill); sibi (ilium, Cic ; aliquem al) aliquo, from 
the natural father, Cic. ; in regnum, Sail.' B. 
Transf., 1, in jest, C. Stalenus qui ipse se adopt- 
averat et de Staleno Aclium fecerat, had changed 
his name by adopting himself, Cic. ; frater, pater 
adde ; ut cuique est aetas, ita quemque facetus 
adopta, adopt him by codling him brother, father, 
etc., Hor. ; nomen or cognomen adoptare, Mart. ; 
2, of plants, to graft ; fac ramus vamum adoptet, 

ador -oris, n. a. species of grain, spelt (Tri- 
ticum spelta, Linn.), Hor. 

adoratio-onis, f. aprayingto, adoration,FUn. 

adorea (adoria) -ae, f. (adoro), reward of 
valour, glory; ille dies . . . qui primus alma 
risit adorea, Hor. 

adoreus -a -um (ador), relating to spelt ; liba, 
Verg. __ 

Sdorlor -ortus. 4. dep. to rise yp. 1. to at. 
tack ; a, aliquem fustibus, gladiis, Cic. : atergo, 
Cic. ; pagum, Caes. ; b, to besiege with entreaties, 
threats, etc.; aliquem minis, Tac; aliquem 
tumultuosissirae, Cic II. to attempt, under- 
take; hoc tpsum, Cic; majus ne&s, Verg. '. 
followed by intlu,, convellen- ea, etc., Cic, 

ado 15 

adorno, 1. to prepare, furnish, provide. I, 
Gen., naves onerarias, Caes. ; Italiae duo niaria 
luaximiselassibus firniissimisquepraesidiis,Cie; 
accusationem, Cic. II. to adorn. A. Lit., forum 
lnagno ornatu, Cic; aliquem insigni veste, Li v. 
B. Transf., justi honores aliquem adornant, Liv. 

adoro, 1. A. Gen., to speak to. B. Esp., 1, to 
address a deity, to entreat, to ask for, a, with acu. 
of person and aec. of tiling ; pacem deum, Liv. ; 
b, followed by ut and the subj., Liv. ; 2, to 
honour; Phoebum, Ov. 

adp, v. under app. 

adq, v. under acq. 

adr, v. under arr. 

adrado -rasi -rasum, 3. to scrape, shave; 
adrasum quendam, Hor. 

Adramytteum -i, n. CASpafivrmoi'), town 
on the coast of Mysia, not far from the foot of 
Mount Ida (now Adramiti or Edremit). Heuue 
Adramyttenus -i, m. a native of Adramyt- 

AdrastUS -i, m. ("ASpao-To?), king of Argos, 
father-in-law of Polynices and 1'ydeus, one of the 
Seven against Thebes, and the only one who es- 
caped, aftenvards one of those who destroyed Thebes 
in Clie war of the Epigoni. Adj., Adrasteus 
-a -urn. 

Adria = Hadria (q.v.). 
Adrumetum (Hadrumetum) -i, n. town on 
the coast of the Roman province of Africa. 
ads, v. under ass. 
adsc, v. under asc. 
adsp, v. under asp. 
adst, v. under ast. 
adt, v. under att. 

Adiiatiici -orum, in. people in Gallia Bel- 
gica, in modern South Brabant, Caes. 

adulatio -onis, f. I. fawning (of dogs), 
Cic. II. cringing, flattery, Cic., Liv. ; so of 
oriental prostration, humi jaccntium adula- 
tiones, Liv. ; used with adversus or in and the 
ace. ; adversus superiores, Tac. ; patruni in 
Augustum, Tac. 

adulator -oris, m. a base flatterer, Suet. 

adulatorius -a -urn, flattering; dedecus, 

adulescens, etc., v. adolescens. 

adulo, 1. to fawn; piunata cauda nostrum 
adulat sauguiiiein, wipes off our blood fawningly 
(of a dog), Lucr. 

adulor, 1. dep. A. Lit., to fawn (of dogs and 
other animals) ; ferae adulantes, Ov. B. Transf., 
1, to greet with servile prostrations ; more adulan- 
tiuiu procumbere, Liv. ; 2, to flatter, to cringe 
before; a, with aec, oiuues, Cic. ; plebem, Liv. ; 
fortunam alterius, Cic; b, with dat., plebi, 
Liv. ; c, absol., aperte adulans, Cic. 

adulter -Sri, ni., adultera -ae, f. an adul- 
terer, adulteress. I. Subst., sororis, Cic ; in 
nepti Augusti, Tac. ; Dardanius adulter, Paris, 
Verg. ; Laeaena adultera, Helen, Hor. ; poet., 
<x gallant, Hor. II. Adj., adulterous; virgo, Ov. ; 
crines, the locks of an adulterer, Hor. ; mens, Ov. ; 
clavis, Ov. 

adulterinus -a -urn (adulter), 1, adulterous, 
Plin. ; 2, not genuine, forged; nummus, Cic; 
Bignum, a forged seal, Cic. ; clavis, a double key, 

adulterium -li, n. adultery; in adulterio 
deprehendi. Cic ; Mutiliae, adultery with, Tac. 

adultero, 1. I. Intrans., to commit adultery, 
Cic II. Trans., A. Of annuals, adulteretur et 
columba miluo, let the kite wed the dove, Hor. ; 


adulteratus nidus (of a nest where the cuckoo 
has laid its eggs), Plin. B. Transf., to falsify, 
corrupt; jus civile pecunia, Cic; faciem arte 
(of Proteus), changes his form, Ov. 

adultUS -a -uiu, p. adj. with coinpar. (ado- 
lesco). I. grown up, adult; virgo, Cic Plur. 
subst., adulti, adults, Cic. II. Transf., A. Of 
time, puer aetate adulta, near manhood, Cic. ; 
acstas, midsummer, Sail., Tac. B. Fig., of growth ; 
1, in power, Athenae, Cic ; pestis (of Catiliua), 
Cic ; Parthi nondum adulti, Tac. ; 2, of mental 
development, populus, Cic. 

adumbratim, adv. in outline, Lucr. 

adumbratio -onis, f. a sketch, Cic. 

adumbratus -a -urn, p. adj. (aduinbro), 1, 
sketched, imperfect; imago gloriae, Cic. ; adum- 
bratae intelligeutiae rerum, imperfect, confused 
notions, Cic ; 2, shadowy, unreal ; opinio, Cic. ; 
laetitia, Tac. 

adumbro, 1. to shade, esp. to sketcii, to:kelch 
in words ; fictos luctus dicendo, Cic. 

aduncitas -atis, f. a bending inwards; 
rostrorum, Cic 

aduncus -a -urn, bent inwards, crooked; 
unguis, Cic. ; nasus, an. aquiline nose, Ter. 

adurgeo, 2. to press to, or against; poet., 
to pursue closely ; aliquem remis, Hor. 

aduro -ussi -ustum, 3. to set fire to, to kindle, 
consume by burning; sine gemitu aduruntur, 
Cic. ; candente carbone sibi capillum, to singe, 
Cic. ; pauis adustus, burnt bread, Hor. ; of frost 
or wind, to nip, Verg. ; fig., of love, Venus nou 
erubescendis adurit ignibus, Hor. 

adusque = usque ad ; 1, prep, with ace 
as far as, Verg. ; 2, adv. = usque, thoroughly, 
entirely, Ov. 

adustus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. (from 
aduro), burnt by the sun, brown; hominum color, 

advectitius -a -um, that which is brought 
from a distance, foreign; vinuin, Sail. 

advecto, 1. (intens. from advcho), to convey 
often; rei frumentariac copiam, Tac. 

advectus -iis, m. a conveying, carrying, 

advcho -vexi -vectum, 3. 1. to carry, bring, 
convey to a place. I. Act., frumentmn ex agris 
Roniam, Cic ; ultrices unda advehit rates, Ov. ; 
frumentuni Romam, Cic. II. Pass., advelii, to be 
borne to a place (on horseback, in a chariot, on a 
ship, etc.) ; advecta classis, Verg. ; e Pompeiaiio 
navi in Lueulli hospitiuni, Cic ; citato equo in 
earn partem, Liv.; Corcyrani insulamadvehitur, 
reaches, Tac ; with dat. of person, quum tibi 
tota cognatio serraco advehatur, Cic. ; with ace 
of person, Dardanos, Verg. ; so ut quosquc ad- 
vectus erat, Tac 

advelo, 1. to draw a veil over; poet., to 
crown; tempora lauro, Verg. 

ad vena -ae, c (adveuio), 1, of men, a stranger, 
foreigner (opp. indigena), Cic. ; indigeuae adven- 
aeque, Tac. ; dei adveuae, foreign gods, Cic ; 2, 
of birds, a bird of passage; grus, Hor. ; 3, of 
things, Tibris, Ov. ; amor, love for a foreigner, 

advenio -vein' -veutuin, i. to come to. A. 
Lit., 1, of men, advenis modo? Cic. ; exHyper- 
boraeisDelphos.Cic; in provinciam belli gerendi 
causa, Cic. ; with ace. only, Tvriam urbeiu, 
Verg. ; with dat., Tac. ; 2, of things, esp. of 
chips, a quibus adveniat navis Miletida sospes 
adurbem.Ov. B. Transf., 1, of time, to come; 
interea dies advenit, Cic. ; 2, of events, to 
happen, to come near, to breakout; urbi periculum 
advenit, Sail. ; morbi adyenien|-*s. Cic. ; 3. of 




Acquisitions, in come to; res sua spontc mux 
ad emu advcnit, Liv. 

advcnticius -a -inn (advenio), coming from 
without. A. Gen., outward; externus et adventi- 
ciustepor, Cic. B. Bsp., 1, coming from a foreign 
country, foreign ; auxilia, Cic. ; duetrinatransma- 
ring atqucadvcntlcia, Cic. ; 2, casual, extraordin- 
ary, accidental ; pccunia, money not inherited, Cic. 

advonto, 1. Chitons. ofadvenio), toapproaeh, 
arrive ft, Ken. with uotioti of haste; ail Italian), 
Cic ; with dat. of person, Parthis, Tac. ; in 
suuaiiliuin, Tac. ; of tilings and abstractions, 
quod fere jam tenipus adventat, Cic. 

adventor -Oris, in. (advenio), one who ar- 
rives, a visitor, Flaut. 

adventus -us, in. (advenio). I. an arrival; 
noctuniua ad urbem, Cic. ; in plur., invita- 
tiones adventusque nostrorum lioniinuni, Cic. ; 
of things, vi ris, Hor. ; in aninios et iutroitus 
imaginum, Cic. II. Transf., inalorum, Cic. 

adversarius -a -uni (ad versus), turned to- 
wards. I. Subst., adversaria -mum, n. (that 
which is always ojwn, or lying in front of one), 
a day-book, journal, memorandum; adversaria 
negligenter seribere, Cic. II. Adj., opposed, con- 
trai -;/;_witli dat., Cic. ; factio, Nep. Bubst., ad- 
versarius -li, in. adversary, rival, antagonist, 
Cic. ; plur., enemies, Cic. ; adversaria -orum, 
n. the assertions of an opponent ; adversaria ever- 
tere, Cic 

adversor, 1, dep. (adversus), to oppose, re- 
shit; absol., of persons, non adversante collega, 
Cic; of things, adversante fortuna, Cic. ; with 
dat., alicui inlestius, Cic. ; legi, Cic, Liv. ; cum 
duae causae perspicuis et evidentibus rebus ad- 
versentur, Cic. 

1. adversus -a -um, p. adj. (advertu), turned 
towards. A. Lit., fronting, oj>posite; dentts, the 
front teeth, Cic. ; adversa vulnera, wounds in the 
front, Cic. ; solem adversum iutueri, to look 
straight at the sun, Cic. ; ad versos concitare 
equos, to ride towards, Liv. ; adversis hostibus 
ocenrrcre, to meet the enemy, Caes. ; adverso colic, 
on the front of the hill, Caes. ; adverso fiuniine, 
against the stream, Caes. ; veuti adversi, contrary 
winds, Liv. ; with prep., in adversum, ugahusi, 
Ycrg., Liv. ; ex adverso, over against, Liv. B. 
Transf, 1, of persons, opposed, adversus ali- 
cui, Cic. adverso Marte, Verg. ; adverso se- 
natu, against the will of the senate, Liv. ; 2, of 
tilings, a, unfavourable, unpropitiou* ; adversis 
auribus, Liv. ; valetudo, ill health, I.iv. ; helium, 
crwl, llor. ; proelium, unsuccessful, Caes. ; res 
advereae, Cic, fortuna adversa, Verg., misfor- 
tune: with dat., res plebi adversa, Liv.; b, 
hated, quia omnia regna adversa sunt, Sail. 
Subst., adversum -i, n, misfortune; si quid 
advent accident, Cic. 

2. adversus, adversum (adverto), op- 
posed tn. I. Adv., against; ncino adversus 
ibat, Liv. ; adversus anna ferre, Nep. II. Trep. 
with nee. A. Of direction, 1, as regards place, 
ton-ards; adversus clivuni, Caes. ; 2. of action, 
etc., against; adverauaqueui Ibatur, Liv. ; adver- 
sus rempublicam facere, Caes. ; respondere ad- 
versus ca, to a newer to, Liv. ; adversus legem, Cic. ; 
adversus quod . . . convenisset, against the agree- 
ment, Liv. ; adversus blanditias incorrnptus, Tac. ; 
munitna adversum aliqueni or aliquid, Sail. B. 
Of position, 1, as regards place, over against; 
adversus aedes publicas, Liv. ; 2, of comparison, 
quid autemesse duo prospera in tot saeclis bella 
Samnitinni adversus tot decora populi Romani, 
compared with, Liv. ; 3, of behaviour, in the 
presence of; quonam modo ine gererem adversus 
Caesarem, Cic. ; so of respect to, towards; reve- 
rimtis adversus homines, Cic. 

adverto (advorto) -verti (-vorli) -versum 
(-vorsuin), 3. to turn towards. A. agmen urbi, 
Verg.; esp. used of ships, to steer; classem in 
portum, Liv. ; pass., notae advertuntur arenae, 
tliey steer to, Verg. ; Scythicas adverUtur oras, 
Ov. B. Of the. senses and thoughts, etc., to 
direct; 1, of the senses, especially the eyes, 
luniina in quniucunque acdis partem, Ov. ; of 
the gods, malls ad vert He iitunen, direct your 
•powers t«, Verg. ; atires ad voccm, Ov. ; 2, of the 
mind, animtini, and (sometimes) nientem adver- 
tere ; a, to direct one's attention to ; aninios ad re- 
ligionetu, Lucr. ; with dat., aninios monitis, Ov., 
followed by ne and the subj., animuin animad- 
vert ant, ne quos ptfendant, take care not to, etc., 
Cic. ; absol., Cic. ; b, to perceive; aliquem in cou- 
tione stantem, Cic. ; followed by ace. and intin., 
Cic. ; or relative clause, Cic. ; with aiiimo or ani- 
mis, animisadvertite vest lis, Verg. ; c,to punish; 
in aliquem, Tac. ; d, to draw the attention o/some 
one else ; gemitus et planctus etiam inilitum 
aures oraquc advertere, roused the attention of, 

advesperascit -avit, 3. (impers. and in- 
cept.), evening approaches, Cic. 

advigilo, 1. to watch by, to guard. I. Lit., 
parvo nepoti, Tib. ; ad custodiam ignis, Cic. II. 
Fig., to be vigilant, Plant. 

advocatio -onis, f. ccdling to one's aid. 
I. summoning persons to advise; maxiniarum re- 
rum, on the most important points, Cic. ; frequent- 
issimae advocationes, Cic. II. Esp., 1, legal 
advice ; advocatioueni postulare, petere, dare, 
consequi, Cic ; 2, concr., the bar, Cic. 

advocatus -i, m. one who is called in to help 
in a. legal process, vmether as advocate or as wit- 
ness, Cic. 

advoco, 1. to summon, to call. I. Gen., 
contionem populi, Cic. ; aliquem in consilium, 
Cic. ; advocaread obsignandum, Cic. ; with dat., 
advocariTiegro, Ov. ; gaudiis, Hor. ; non desiderat 
fortitudo iracundiam advocatam, called to its aid, 
Cic. II. Esp., A. Legal t. t., of a judge, to ask 
the opinion of a jurist, Cic. ; of the parties to 
an action, to consult an advocate; aliquem con- 
tra aliquem, Cic. ; with dat, aliqueni sibi, 
Plant. ; absol., aderat frequens, advocabat, Cic. 
B. Of the gods, to ask for help ; deum sibi, Cat. ; 
deos, Liv. 

advolatus, abl. -u, m. a flying to, Cic poet. 

advSlo, 1. to fly to. I. Lit., of birds and 
insects, ad eas aves quae, etc., Cic. II. Transf., 
to hasten towards, to fly to; 1, of persons, absol., 
advolone an maneo, Cic. ; ad urbem, Cic. ; rostra, 
Cic. ; 2. of tilings, famamalitantiadvolatAeneae, 
flies to the ears of, Verg. 

advolvo -volvi -volutum, 3. to roll to; ro- 
bora i'ocis, to the hearth, Verg. ; ornos montibus, 
from the monntaiws, Verg. ; hence advolvi, or se 
advolvere, to throw oneself at the feet of; genibus 
alicuius, Liv. ; genua alicuius, Sail. 

advorsum, advorsus, advorto = adversum, 
adversus, adverto (q.v.). 

adytum, -i, n. (aSvrov — not to be entered). 

I. Lit., gen. in plur., the inmost and holiest 
portion nf a. temple; the shrine, Verg., Hor.; 
adytis ab im\B, from the bottom of a grave, Verg. 

II. Transf., ex adyto taraquam cordis, from the 
bottom of the heart, Lucr. 

Aeacus -i, m. (Ai'aicd?), a mythical king of 
Aegina, father of Peleus and Telamon, grandfather 
of Ajax and Achilles; after his death judge in the 
infernal regions; hence Aeacides -ae, in. a des- 
cendant of Aeacus, one of his sons; as Peleus or 
Phocus, O v. ; his grandson, Achilles,\erg. ; his greed- 
grandson, Pyrrhus (Neoptolemus), Verg. ; one of his 
remotedescendants,Pyrrhu3(kingofEinrus),'En'n.' t 




Perseus, king of Macedonia, Verg. B. Ae&ci- 
deius-a-um; regna (Aegina), O v. C. Aeaci- 
dinus -a -um. 

Aeaee -Os, f. (Aiairj i/tjctos), the island of the 
sorceress Circe, or of Calypso ; hence Aeacus -a 
-um ; a, surname of Circe, Verg. ; Acacae artes, 
Acaea carniiua, sorceries, Ov. ; AraeusTclegonus, 
son of Circe, Prop.; b, surname of Calypso; 
puella, Frup. 

Aeas -antis, in, (Alas), a river in Greece, 
flowing by Apollonia. 

Aebura -ae, f. a town in Hispania Tarra- 
conensis, now Cuervo,, Liv. 

Aeculanum -i, n. town of the Hirpini in 
Samnium, Cic. 

aedes (aeclis) -is, f. ; originally, a building. 

1. Sing., A. a room, Plaut. B. a temple; gen., 
where the context is not clear, with the name of 
some god, or with sacra ; aedes" sacra, Cic. ; aedes 
Minervae, Cic. ; in plur., complures aedes sacrae, 
Cic. ; aedes alone, the temple of the Palatini Apollo, 
Hot. II. Plur., A. Lit., a house, Cic; aedes 
liberae, empty, Liv. B. Meton., 1, the family, 
Plaut. ; 2, Transf., a, the cells of bees, Verg. ; b, 
the chambers of the ears, the ears, Plaut. 

aedicula -ae, f . (dim. of aedes), a small build- 
ing; 1, a small temple; Victoriae, Liv. ; also o 
■niche, or shrine for the image of a god, Cic; 

2, in plur., a little house, Cic. 
nedificatio -onis, f. (aedifico), building; 1, 

Abstr., the act of building ; consilium aeditica- 
tionis, Cic. ; aedilicationem depouereorabjicere, 
to give up building, Cic. ; 2, Concr., the building 
itself; domus tua et aedificatio omnis.'Cic. 

aedif icatiuncula -ae, f. (dim. of aedifi- 
catio), a small building, Cic. 

aedif loator -oris, m. (aedifico), l,abuilder, 
architect; fig., mundi, Cie. ; 2, one who has a 
passion for building, Juv. 

aedif iclum -i, n. (aedifico), a building; 
aedificia publica privata, sacra profana, Cic. ; 
opposed to inhabited houses, aedes aedifieiaque, 
Liv. ; opposed to a number of houses together, 
vicis aedificiisque incensis, Caes. ; opposed to 
the site, cujus (domus) amoenitas non aediticio 
sed silva constabat, Nep. ; opposed to a palace, 
plebis aediticiis obseratis, patentibus atriis priu- 
cipum, Liv. 

aedifico, 1. (aedes and facio). I. "Lit., tobuild, 
erect, establish; villain, porticum,domum,urbem, 
navem, hortos, Cic. II. Fig., aedilicare mund- 
um, to create, Cic; rempublieam, to frame, Cic. 

aedilicius -a -um (aedilis), relating to the 
acdiles ; munus, Cic. ; vectigal, tax paid by the 
provinces for the shoivs of the aediles, Cic. Subst., 
aedilicius -i, m. one lolto has been aulile, Cic 

aedilis -is, m. (aedes), an aedile, apublic officer 
at Ilvmewho hud thesuperintendenceoftliebuildings 
of the city, the roads, markets, theatres, dramatic 
performances, and police; under the Republic 
there were four, two aediles curules (originally 
patricians, but afterwards patricians and ple- 
beians), and two aediles plebis, or plebei, or 
plebeii L 

aedilltas -atis, f. (aedilis), the aedileship; 
aedilitate fungi, Cic 

aeditimus (aeditumus) -i, m. an old form 
of aedituus (q.v.). 

aedit liens -entis, m. = aedituus (q.v.). 

aedituus -i, in. (aed6s), the keeper or guar- 
dian of a temple, Cic. 

Aediii (Haedui) -firum, a Gallic people be- 
tween the Arar (Saone) and the Liger (Loire), 
whose chief town was Bibracte. 

Aeeta -ao, m,, and Aeetgs -ae, m. (Alijnjs), 

king of Colchis, father of Mcdta ; hence, A. Aee- 
tias -adis, f. Medea, Ov. B. Aeetine -es, f. 
Medea, Ov. C. Aeetaeus -a -um, belonging 
to Colchis; lines, Colchis, Cat. 

Acfula -ac, f., and AefvUum -i, n. tow/i 
in Uitium, north of Praenestc ; hence Acfula- 
nus -a -um, belonging to Arfnla. 

Aegae (Aegaeac, Aegeae, Aegiae) 
-arum, f. (Aiycu, Aiyeiai) 1, town in Macedonia; 
2, town in Aeolis; 3, town in Cilicia, now Castle 
of Ajas Kala. 

Aegaeon -onis, m. (Aiyaiiov), another name 
for Briarcus, Verg. ; a sea-god, Ov. 

Aegaeus -a -um (Aiyiuos), Aegnean; mare, 
the Aegacan Sea, the Archipelago, Cic. Subst., 
Aegaeum -i, n. the Aegacan Sea, Hor. 

Aegates -ium, f., and Aegatae -arum, f. 
(with or without insulae), a group of three islands 
on the west coast of Sicily, near which the decisive 
battle of the first Punic war was fought ("241 B.C.). 

aeger -gra -gram, sick, ill. A. Of physical 
illness; 1, of persons; a, of persons themselves, 
homines aegri gravi morbo, Cic. ; ex vulnere, 
Cic; pedibus, Sail.; oculis, Liv. ; manum, Tac. 
Subst., aeger -gri, m. an invalid, Cic. ; b, of 
bodies or parts of the body, corpus, Cic. ; dens, 
Mart. ; so of states regarded as bodies ; pars 
reipublicae, Cic. ; civitas, Liv. ; c, of bodily 
conditions, valetudo, Cic. ; anhelitus, Verg. ; 2, 
of plants, seges, Verg. ; 3, of things, quid in 
toto ten-arum orbe validmn, quid aegrum, un- 
sound, Tac. B. Of ailments of the mind, ill 
from any cause, love, hope, fear, sorrow, etc. ; 1, 
of persons, mortales aegri, Verg. ; aegra amans, 
Verg. ; aegra municipia, mutinous, Tac. ; animo 
magia quain eorpore aeger, Liv. ; amoie, Liv. ; 
animi, in mind, Liv. ; consilii, Sail. ; 2, of con- 
ditio"*, or relations, or abstractions, painful; 
amor, mors, Verg. ; aegris oculis, with envious 
eyes, Tac. 

Aegeus -Si, m. (Aiyeu's), king of Athens, father 
of Theseus; hence Aegldes -ae, m. Theseus, 
or any one of the descendants of Aegeus. 

Aegimurus -i, f., and Aeglmoros -i, f. 
(Alyifiovpoi and Alyipopos), an island near Car- 
thage, now Al Djamur or Zimbra. 

Aegina -ae, f. (Alyiva),au island near Athens; 
hence Aeginensis -e, belonging^ to Aegina; 
Aeginenses -ium, m. Aeginetae -arum, 
m. natives of Aegina. 

Aeginium -ii, n. (Alyiviov), town in Mace- 
donia, on the borders of Epirus, now Erkinia; 
hence Aeginienses -ium, m. tlie inhabitants 
of Aeginium. 

Aegion (Aegium) -ii, n. (Alyiov), one of the 
twelve Acliaean towns on the Corinthian Gulf, now 

aegis-idis, f. (alyi's). A.theaegis,orshield;l, 
of Jupiter, Verg.; 2, of Minerva with the Medusa's 
head, Ov. B. Transf., a protection, bulwark, Ov. 

AeglSOS -i, f. (Atyio-aos), «>i old town in 
Moesia, on the banks of the Danube, now Isacze. 

AegisthUS -i, m. (Alyio-flot), son of Thyestcs, 
murderer of Agamemnon, afterwards husband of 
Chjtcmnestra, himself murdered by Orestes, Cic. 

Aegium = Aegion (q.v.). 

Aegle, -es, f. (AiyA-rj), name of one of the 

Aegooeros -otis, in. (aiyoK^t), a sign of the 
zodiac, Capricorn, Lucr. 

aegre, adv. with compar. and superl. (aeger). 
I, painfully; aegre est mini or meo animo, / am. 
grieved, Plaut. ; aegre ferre, to be distressed. II. 
1 with difficulty ; aegre divelli, aegrius depelli, 
Cic. ; 2, hardly, scarcely (by itself and with vix); 




sc tenere, Cic, 3, unwillingly; ferra illiquid, 
Clc. ; aegre tern, foil, by ace and iulin., to take 
ate., Clc. 
aegrco, -. (aeger), <" be stefc, Lucr. 
acgrcsco, 3. (aegreo), to fall ill. I. Lit., 
Lucr. II. Transf., A. to become worse, more n'o- 
/nij; violeiitia Tumi aegrescit medendo, Verg. 
B. to be rfistorbed i« miml, to trouble ones $e{f; 
longiora Bollioltudiuo, Tac. 

acgrimonia 4a, f. (aeger), oris/, trouble of 
mind, Cic. 
aegrltudo inis. f. (aeger), sickness. I. Of 
Plaut., in.'. II. Of mind, grief; so totum 
Ldinidedere,Cic. ; aegritudine cmori, Cic. ; 
in aegritudinem incidere, Cic.; aegritudinem 
. lenire, sedare, adimere alicui, depellere, 
e, Cic. ; plur.,aegritudiues leuiorea facere, 
aegror -oris, ni. (aeger), sickness, Lucr. 

aegrotatio -Cnis, f. (aegroto), sickness. I. Of 
body, Clc. II. Of the mind, Cic. 

aegroto, 1. (aegrotus), to be sick or ill. I. Lit., 
A. <>f the body, graviter, vehementer diuque, 
leviter, perlculose, Cie. ; of cattle, Hor. ; of 
plants, Plin. B. Of the mind, ea res ex qua 
animus aegrotat, Cic. II. Of abstractions, aegro- 
tat fiima vacillans, Lucr. 

aegrotus a -um (aeger), sick, ill; 1, in body, 
Cic. ; 2, in mind, Tex. ; of abstract things, res- 
lea, Cic. 

Aegyptus -i (Alyvnrot). A. Mytliol., m. son 
o/Betut, bivther of Dan ius. B. Geogr., f. Egypt. 
Adj., 1, Aegyptiacus -a -um ; 2, Aegyptlus 
-a -Mm, Egyptian, cic Subst., Aegyptius 
-i, in. an Egyptian, Cic 

aelinos -i, m. (mAtco;), a /Urn?, Ov. 

Aemillanus -a -11111, relating to ". gens 
• surname of Sclpio Afrioa/nus minor, 
the win "f L. Aemiliua Paulus, adopted by the 
elder fcJeipia Africanus. 

Acmilius -a -um, genu, name of one of the 

oldest and mo 1 distinguished patrician families of 

: Aemilia via, and simply Acinilia, a road 

made by tin- conttd M. Attn. Lejndus, leading from 

Arimfnum to Placentia; pons, a bridge near the 

mblieius, Juv. ; rat is, the ship in which the 

of Perseus were brought home i>y Acm. 

1'anl'js, Prop.J Indus, a gladiatorial school 

founded hy P. Aemilius Lepidus, Hor. 

Acmonia, etc., v. Haem&nia. 

acmulatio -Snls, f. (aemulor), a striving 

p to, emulation. I. In a good sense", 

1, tfep. ; gloriae, Liv. II. In a bad sense, 

jealousy, envy, ill-natured rivalry, Cic. ; plur., 

rivalries, Cic. 

aemulator -Sris, in. (aemulor), a rival; 
Catonis aemulator, an imitator, Cic. 

acmulatus -us, m. (aemulor) = acmulatio 

aemulor, I. dep. (aemulua), to rival, emu- 
late, strive I to. I. fa a good sense, all- 

quem, Nep. ; ejus Institute, Cic. ; Albanum 
Vinum, to eomr. near to, Plin. II. In a bad sense, 
i; With dat., alicui, Cic; cum aliquo, 
Liv. ; mt- I 

,i ulu3 -a -um, emulous, niinq 
Hug. I. [n a good sense. A. tit., gen. with geni- 
tive, mearum laudium, Cic ; with dut., dii I I 

ratoribusaemuli 1 Subst., 
aemulus -i, m.;ali( uius, 1 

I jus (Zenonis) 

• 'rum aeronll Stoici nominantur, Clc. B. 

f., coming near to, approaching U 
leuce, etc.); tibia tubae aemula, Hor. II. In a 
bad sense, eealcus. rivnllina ; Carthago aenmla 

imperii Rouiaui, Sail. ; aemula senectus, jealous, 
Verg. Subst., aemulus -i, in. and acmiila 
-BO, f. rial in loir, Cie. and Ov. 

Aemus - Haemus (q.v.). 

Acnarla -ae, f. a volcanic island on the west 
coast of Italy, opposite Campania (now Ischia). 

Aonca -ae, f. (Alveta), a town in Chalcidice; 
hence, Acncntcs -um, in. (AivcaTtu), inhabit- 
ants of Acnea. 

Aeneas -ae, m. (AtVeias), son of Venus and 
Anchises, hero of Vergil's Aencid, myth, ancestor 
ofthe Romans, ; Aeneae mater, Penus,Ov. ; Aeneae 
nibs, Home, Ov. ; hence A. Aeneades -ae, in. 
a tcetutant of Aeneas; a, hisson Ascaniiis, Verg. ; 
b, Avgnslus, Ov. ; plur., Aene.idae -arum, ni.J a, 
the companions of Aeneas, Verg. ; or the Trojans, 
Verg. ; h the Romans, Verg., Ov. JB. AeneiS 
-Idos, f. vergil's Aencid. C._ Aeneius -a -um, 
relating to Aeneas. D. Aenides = Aeneades. 

aeneator-oris,m.(aeneus), a trumpeter, Suet. 

aeneus and aheneus -a-um (aenum, ahen- 

um). I. Lit., 1, made of brass, copper, or bronze, 
Cic ; 2, of a bronze colour, Suet. II. Transf., 1, 
hard as metal; mums, Hor. ; 2, aeuea proles, 
the brazen age, Ov. 

Aenianes -um, ni. (Alviaves), a Greek rave in 
the south of Thessaly. 

aenigma -atis, n. (alviytia), a riddle. I. 
Quint. II. Transf., what is obscure, mystery; 
somniorum, Cie. 

aenipes (ahenipes) -pedis (aeneus and pes), 
brazen-footed, Ov. 

1. aenus (ahenus)-a-um(aes), 1, madeof brass, 
copper, or bronze, Verg. Subst., aenum -i, u. a 
brazen vessel, Verg. ; 2, firm, inexorable; maims, 

2. Aenus -i. I. Aenus (Aenos) -i, f. (A11/05), 
a town in Thrace, at tlic mmtth of the Ilebrus, now 
Enos; hence Acnil -oruni, m. its inhabitants. 
II. Aenus -i, m. a river between Vindelicia 
and Noricum (now the Inn). 

Aeolcs -um, in. the Aeolians, one of the chiej 
races of the Greeks, tho most important settle- 
ments of whom were in Boeotia and Lesbos; 
hence, a, Aeolicus -a -um, and b, Aeollus 
-a -11111, Aeolic, with especial reference to Sappho, 
the Lesbian poetess. 

Aeolia -ae, f. (AioAia), 1, the north part of the 
coast of Asm Minor, oi>posite to Greece, Cic; 2, 
plur., Aeoliae insulae, a group of volcanic 
islands onthe north coast of Sicily (the Lipari isles) ; 
myth, seat of. Aeolus and Vulcan. 

Aeolis -Idis, f. (At0A.1t), a part of Mysia, in 
Asia Minor, north ofthe Hermus, Liv. 

Aeolus (Aeolos) -i, m. (.-UoAos). I. son ofHel- 
len, myth, founder of the Aeolian, race. II. son 
or gramlsonof II ippotus, ruler of the Aeolian islands 
and ofthe winds. III. a Trojan, Verg. ; hence, A. 
Acolldes -ae, in. a descendant of Aeolus ; 1, ftta 
sons, Sisyphus, Ov. ; Athamas, Ov. ; Snlmonens, 
Ov. ; his grandson.-;, Cephalus, Ov. ; Ulysses, Verg. 
B. Aeolis -idos, f. female, descendant of Aeolus; 
1, his daughter;:, Canace, Ov. ; Alcyone, Ov. C. 
Aeollus -a -um, bclongingto Aeolus; 1, belong- 
Ing to Aeolus (I,); postes (of Athamas), Ov. ; 
peci '" • A tee, Mart.; 2, belonging to 

(II.); virgo, Til's daughter Arne, 6v. ; 
tyrannus, Aeolus, Ov. ; antra, the eaves where 
the winds wen kept, Ov. ; procellae, Verg. 

r-jquabllls-c (aequo), like, similar, equal; 1, 
praedae partitio, Cic. ; 2, that which is equal 
' 1 '• r. a niform, equable : aronis, Cic. ; 3, fair, 
, < ■ , mini ca jurisdictione aequabilius, Cic. ; of 
jiersons, cunetis vitae. offlciis aequabilis, Tac, ; 
in suns, affable, Tac, 




aequabilitas -atis, f. (aequabilis), uniform- 
ity, equability ; motus, Cic. ; hence, a, juris, im- 
partiality, Cic; b, equality of political rights, 
Cic. ; c, equanimity, Cic. 

aequabiliter, adv. ■with compar. (aequa- 
bilis), equably, uniformly, fairly ; praedam disper- 
tire, Cic. ; aequabilius provinciae regentur, Tac. 

aequaevus -a -um (aequus and aevum), of 
equal age, Verg. 

aequalis -e (aequo), equal. I. level; loca, Sail. 
II. equal in height, size, etc. ; 1, corresponding to; 
with dat., pars pedis aequalis alteri parti, Cic. ; 
with inter, virtutes sunt inter se aequales et 
pares, Cic. ; 2, of tlie same age with; with dat., 
exercitus aequalis stipendiis suis, that had served 
as many campaigns as he himself, Liv.; withgenit., 
calo quidarn aeq. Hieronynii, Liv. ; of things, 
aequali corpore nymphae, of the same age and 
growth, Verg. ; with geuit., sacriticiuui aequale 
hujus urbis, contemporary with, Cic. ; with dat., 
cui (Ennio) si aequalis fuerit Livius, Liv. ; with 
genit., Philistus aequalis teinporum illorum, 
Cic; memoria aequa illius aetatis, Cic. Subst., 
aequalis -is, c. a comrade, person of the same 
aye; P. Orbius meus fere aequalis, Cic. ; 3, uni- 
form ; imber lentior aequaliorque accidens auri- 
bus, Liv. ; nihil aequale homini fuit illi, Hor. 

aequalitas -atis, f. (aequalis), 1, evenness, 
smoothness, Plin. ; 2, equality ; similitude- aequa- 
litasque verboruni (of a pun), Cic. ; paterna, 
complete harmony in thought, etc., Cic. ; equality 
of age, Cic. ; 3, equality of political privileges, Inc. 

aequaliter, adv. (aequalis), 1, evenly; collis 
ab summo aequaliter deolivis, gently sloping, 
Caes. ; 2, equally ; distribuere, Cic. ; 3, uni- 
formly; oratio aequaliter constanterque ingre- 
diens, symmetrically, Cic. 

aequanhnitas -atis, f. (aequanimus, from 
aequtis and animus), 1, impartiality, Tcr. ; 2, 
calmness, Plin. 

aequatio -onis, f. (aequo), a making equal; 
bonorum, communism, Cic. ; juris, Liv. 

aequo, adv. (aequus), in like manner, equally. 
I. 1,- duae trabes aequo longae, Caes. ; aeque 
dolere, Cic. ; with adv., aeque lubenter, Cic. ; 2, 
in comparison, just as, equally with ; a, foil, by 
et, atque, acsi, quani, quam ut, etc. ; eosdein la- 
bores non esse aeque graves imperatori ct militi, 
Cic. ; hi coluutur aeque atque illi, Cic. ; with 
cum and the abl., ut aeque mecum haec scias, 
Plaut. ; with abl. alone, Plant. ; with compar., 
homo me miserior nullus est aeque, Plaut. ; b, 
when the object of the comparison is to be under- 
stood, pauci quibuscuin essem aeque libenter 
(sc. ac tecum), Cic. II. fairly, justly; societa- 
tem conditiouis humauae munilice et aeque 
tuens, Cic. 

Aequi (Aequiciili, Aequicoli, Aequi- 

culani) -orum, m. a people ui Lalium, with 
whom the Romans waged frequent wars ; hence, 
a^ Aequicus -a -um, Aequian; b, Aequi- 
culus -a -um, Aequian. 

aequxlibritas -atis, f. the equal distribution 
of natural forces = icrovofiCa, Cic. 

Aequimaelium -li, n. an open space in Rome, 
on ihe'west side of the Capitol, where the cattle for 
the sacrifices were kept, Cic. 

aequinoctialis -e (aequinoetium), equinoc- 
iial, relating to the equinox, Cat. 

aequfriootlum -li, n. (aequus and uox), the 
equinox, Cic. 

a6quiparo (a6quipero), L (aequus and 
paro), 1, to compare; with ad and the ace, Mias 
virtutes ad tuas, Plaut. ; with dat. , mari tranquillo 
QuodYentisconcitatur multitudineni Af'tolorum, 

i aliquem, Liv. ; 
solum Bed voce niagistrum, Verg. 

aequitas -atis, f. (aequus}, 1, uniformity, 
symmetry; membroruni, Suet.; 2, equanimity 
(witli or without animi), Cic. ; 3, impartiality^ 
equity, fairness, justice; causae, Cic. ; cuuditio- 
uum, Caes. ; servare aequitatem, Cic. 

aequo, 1 . (aequus). I. tomakc level; locum, 
Caes. ; aequata agri planities.Cic ; aequare frontem, 
milit. t.t., to form a line, Liv. II. to make equal 
with something else. A. 1, to distribute equally; 
sortes, to shake up the lots, Cic. ; pecunias, Cic. ; 
aequato omnium periculo, Cic. ; 2, to make tilings 
of different kind eipial ; a, of height, solo, to level 
with the ground, Suet. ; tig., solo aequandae sunt 
dictaturae consulatusque, must be abolished, Liv. ; 
machina aequata caelo, as high as the luacens, 
Verg. ; rig., aliquem caelo laudibus, to extol to the 
heavens, Verg. ; b, of number, qui (libri) se jam 
illis aequarunt, Cic. ; per somuum vinumque 
dies noctibus, to turn day into night by sleeping 
and drinking, Liv. ; nocti ludum, to spend the 
whole night in play, Verg. ; c, of rights, to make 
equal ; invention est temperamentum quo tenui- 
ores cum priucipibus aequari seputarent, Cic; 
d, to compare ; Haunibali Philippum, Liv. B. 
to equal, to come up to ;' Aypii odium, Liv.; sagitta 
aequans ventos, Verg. ; aliquem passibus, Verg. ; 
aliquein equestri gloria, Liv. 

aequor -5ris, n. (aequus), aflat surface. I, 
Gen. , speculorum, Lucr. II. Esp., 1, thejlat sur- 
face ofaplain(\vith campi), camporum patentium 
aequor, Cic. ; poet, (without campi), immeusum 
aequor, of a desert, Verg. ; 2, poet., the fiat sur- 
face of the sea, the sea ; with ponti or maris, vastum 
maris aequor, Verg. ; oftener without maris, 
etc., Ionium, Lucr. ; vastum, Verg. ; plur., saeva 
aequora Vers. ; meton., the sea-water in a ship ; 
aequor refundere in aequor, Ov. ; rarely, the sur- 
face of a river, as the Tiber, Verg. 

aequoreus -a -um (aequor), belonging to 
the sea; genus, fishes, Verg.; rex, Neptune, Ov. ; 
Britanui, sea-girt, Ov. ; Achilles, a son ofTlietis, 

aequus -a -um, adj. with compar. and 
super), equal. I. equal in itself. A. Lit., 1, 
of the surface of the ground, level; aequus 
et planus locus, Cic. ; ex aequo loco loqui, 
to speak in the senate (opp. to ex inferiore loco, 
in the presence of the judges, and exsuperiore loco, 
in, the presence of the people), Cic; ex superiore 
et ex aequo loco sermones habitos, public and pri- 
vate conversations, Cic. Neut. subst., aequum 
-i, n. level ground; facile in aequo campi victo- 
riain fore, Liv. ; 2, of other things, level ; aequa 
frons. milit. t.t., a straight line, Liv. B. Transf., 
1, of places, favourable, advantageous ; locum 
se aequum ad dirnicandum dedisse, Caes. ; et 
tempore et loco aequo instructos, Liv. ; 2, of 
character, quiet, contented; concedo et quod ani- 
mus aequus est et quia necesse est, Cic ; aequam 
rebus in arduis servare mentem, Hor. ; esp. in 
tho phrase aequo animo, patiently, with resigna- 
tion; pati or ferre with ace, and ace. with 
inriu., Cic. ; tolerare, Sail. ; accipere, Sall v ; spect- 
are, Cic. ; animo aequissimo mori,Cic. ; in plur., 
animis lubentibus aut aequis aliquid remittere, 
Cic. II. equal to something else. A. Lit., equal, 
in breadth, height, etc. ; aequo ftrespatio abesse, 
Caes. ; sequitur patrem non passibus aequis, 
with shorter steps, Verg. ; urbs nubibus aequa, as 
high as the clouds, Ov. ; acquis portionibus or 
pensiunfbus (equal payments), dare, solvere, etc., 
Liv. ; foil, by atque, quam, cum ; aequo et pari 
cum civibus jure vivere, Cic; qunm aequam 
partem tibi 6umpseris atque populo Romano 
miseris.Cie. B.Transf.,1, in aequa laudeponere, 
Cic ,i aequa pugna. an indecisive battle, Liv. ; SO 




aequo proelio or inarte diseedere, to fight an inde- 
cislvebatl , i aes. ; bo aequa manu, or acquis mani- 
Ims, Ta<\ and Liv. ; adv., ex aequo, tonally; sol 
ex aequo mots dlstabHt utraquo, was equally dis- 
'■•».!. Ov. ; 2, of behaviour, etc., ttrucd, impartial ; 
n, ■■! |m'i.-..iis, fair; Be alicui aequum praebero, 
< if, : praetor, .judex, testis, Cic. ; b, of tilings, 
judii ia, cic ; lex, Cio. : aeouum est, it is just ; 
with theauc.and hiHii. , aequum essoeumot officio 
in i'o i ■on Mil. Tret tempori, Cic. Subst., acquum 
• i, ii. fairness; quid in jure (strict law) nut in 
aequo (equity) veruni ant essct aut non esse!, 
Cic. ; per aequa per iniqua, by fair means or foul, 
Liv. ; graviua aequo, thanisright, Sail.; acquum 
et bonum, what is right, jit ; reus magis ex bono 
aequoque quam ex jure gentium Bomilcar, Sail.; 
;is a legal formula, quod or quantum aequius 
melius, as is more equitable, Cic. ; soaequi bonique 
faeere aliquid, not to find fault with, Cic. ; 3, 
favourable to others, propitious; nobilitate in- 
imiea, non aequo senatu, Cic. ; non aequa Pallas, 
V( rg. ; minus acquis animis auditus est Seipio, 
Liv. ; meia aequissimis utuntur anribus, / liear 
them with the greatest pleasure, Cie. ; with dat., 
aequa Venus Teucris, Ov. ; ipsis est aer avibus 
non aequus, harmful to, Verg. Plur. subst., 
acqul, friends in the phrase aequi iniquique, 
friends and enemies, Cic. 

aer, aejis, in. (<ujp), the lower air, the atmo- 
sphere around us ; crassus, Cic. ; purus et tenuis, 
Cic ; temperatus, Cie. ; aer suminus arboris, 
the airy summit of a tree, Verg. ; aere septus 
obscuro, surrounded by a cloud, Verg. 

aera -ae, f. (atpa), o ■■' growing among 
grain, darnel, tares, Din. 

aeramentum -i, n, bronze or copper hare, 

aeraria -ae, f., v. aerarius, I. B. 2. 

aerarium -ii, n., v. aerarius, II. B. 2. 

aerarius -li, m.(ae3). L belonging to brassor 
coi<per. A. Adj., lapis, copper, Pliu. ; Btructnrae, 
copper mines, Caes. B. Subst., 1, aerarius -ii, 
m. a worker in bwss, Plin. ; 2, aeraria -ae, f. 
smelting-worte, Plin. TL belonging to money. 
A. Adj., ratio, standard of the copper coinage, 
Cic; milites, mercenaries, Varr.; ilia vctus 
aeraria fabula, the old tale about the copper coin 
that Vettius gave to Clodia, Cic. B. Subst., 1, 
aerarius -ii, in. gen. in plur., aerarii, the citi- 
zens of the lowest class in Rome, who hod no votes, 
but had to pay a certain gum for the expenses of 
the state, a class to which citizens of the higher 
ranks might be degraded by the censors for 
punishment ; aliquem aerarium faeere, to de- 
grade, Liv.; aliquem in aerarios referri jubere, 
Cic. ; 2, aerarium -Ii, n. a, We exchequer, 
treasury, at Kome, under or behind the temple of 
Saturn, where the treasures and archives of the 
state were kept; peenniam in aerarium referre, 
inferre, defcrre, redigerc, Cic. ; decreta patrum 
ad aerarium deferre, Tnc. ; ineton., the money la- 
the treasury, Cic. ; b, any public treasury, Cic. 

aeratus -a -urn (aes), I. 1, covered or fitted 
with brass or bronze; navis, Caes. ; lecti, with 
bronze feet, Cic. ; poet., acie", an armed line of 
rroopt, Verg. ; 2, provided with non •- rich, tri- 
buDi non tarn aerati, quam ut uppellantur aerarii 
Cwith a play on the words, vide aerarius II. B. 
1), Cic. II. made of brass or bronze : securis, 
Verg. ; transf., as firm as brass ; nodi, Prop. 

aereus -a -um (aes), 1, mode of brass or cop- 
per, sigrta aerea et marmorea, Liv. ; 2, covered 
with brass ; puppis, Verg. 

aerifer -ffira -Rrum (aes and fero), bearing 
brazen cymbals, Ov. 

aeriflce, adv. (aes and facio), skilfully (of 
work in brass). Varr, 

aerfnus -a -um (aiptros), made of darnel ut 
tare-i, Plin. 

acripos -pSdis (aes and pes), brazen-footed, 
Verg., dv. 

acrius (fu'reiis) -a -urn (aer), 1, belonging In 
tin- air, airy; alterum (animantiuni genus), pen- 
uigeruni et acrium, tiring in the air, Cic. ; 
domus, the heavens, Hor. ; aerias vias carpere, tn 
fly through the air, Ov. ; niel (from the belief 
that honey fell in dew from the sky), Verg. ; 2, 
high in the air, lofty; Alpes, Verg. 

aero -onis, a wicker basket, riin. 

Aerope -es, f. and Acrdpa -ae, f. ('AepoTn)), 
mother of Agamemnon and ilenelaus. 

aerosus-a -um (aes), rich in copper; aurum, 
mixed with copjicr, Plin. 

aeruginosas -a -um (aerugo), covered with 
verdigris or copper-rust, Sen. 

aerugo -inis, f. (aes). I. A. the rust of copper, 
verdigris, Cic. B. Jleton. = rusty money, Juv. 
II. Transf., 1, envy, Hor. ; 2, avarice, Ilov. 

aerumna -ac, f. hard labour, toil, hardship; 
Hcrculis perpeti aerumnas, Cic. 

aerumnabills -e (aerumna), calamitous, 
pitiable, Lucr. 

aerumnosus -a -um (aevunma), full of hard- 
ship and calamity ; Regulus, Cic. 

aes, aeris, n. copper. I. Lit., copper ore, and 
the alloy of copper, brass, or bronze; pedestrisex 
aere statua, Cic. ; poet., of the brazen age, ut 
inquinavitaerelempusaureum, Hor. II. Meton., 
something made of bronze, etc. A. Gen. (esp. 
in poets), ft vessel, statue, etc., made of bronze, 
etc. ; aes cavum, kettle, Ov. ; aera acre repulsa, 
cymbals, Ov. ; Corybantia, cymbals used in the 
service of Cybele, Verg. ; ejus aera refigere, the 
brazen tabids on. which the laws icerc engraved, 
Cic. ; aes publicum, public inscriptions, Tac. ; 
aere ciere viros, with the trumpet, Verg. ; dempto 
aere, the helmet, Ov. B. Esp. money, 1 5 copper or 
brass money ; aes grave, (7was(ofa pound weight), 
which was weighed instead of couuted ; denis 
inillibus aeris gravis rcos condenmavit, Liv. ; 
quinquaguita millia aeris (for assium), Liv. ; 
argentuiu acre solutum est, three-fourths of the 
debts were remitted- by payment of a (copper) as for 
a (silver) sesterce, Sail. ; small change (ef. Engl., 
coppers); aera dabant olim, Ov. ; 2, money gene- 
rally, gravis aere dextra, Verg. ; pueri qui non- 
dam aere lavantur (= boys under four years, who 
use the baths without paying), Juv. ; esp., a, aes 
meuin, my property; est aliquis in meo aere, he 
is bound to me, Cic. ; aes alienum, debt; faeere, 
contrahere, in aes alienum incidere, esse in aere 
alieno, Cic; solvere, Cic; so aes mutuuin, 
Sail.; b, pay, Juv.; esp. soldiers' pay; aera 
inilitibUB eonstituere, dare, Liv. ; c, aes cir- 
CUmforaneum, money borrowed from the money- 
changers, who had their booths round the forum, 
Cic. ; 3, plur., aera, counters, Cic. 

AeSacOS and AcsacUS -i, m. (AiVaicos), 80)1 

of Priam, husband of Astcrope or Uesperia. 

Aesar -Uris, n. a river in Bruttii, novEsaro; 
hence adj., Aesarcus -a -um, belonging to the 

river .[far. 

Aesolunes -is and -i, in. (Aio^'vijOi I. °" 

Athenian philosopher, disciple of Socrates. II. as 
Keapolita p, philosopher, pupil of Carneades. Ill, 
the celebrated Athenian orator, opponent of Demos- 
thenes. IV. an orator of Miletus, contemporary 
with Cicero. 

Aeschylus -i, in. (Aio-x^Ao?). I. an Athenian 
tragic poet (born about a.c. 025) ; hence Aeschy- 
leus -a -um, belonging to Aeschylus ; cothurnus, 
Prop. II. a rhetorician of Cnidos, contemporary 
with Cicero. 




Aesciilapium -Ii,n. a temple oj Aesculapius. 

Aesculapius -ii, m. ('Acr/cA^n-idt), the god of 
medicine, son of Apollo and Coronis, worshipped 
at Epidaurus, 

aesculetum -i, n, (aesculus), an oak forest, 

aesculeus -a -am (aesculus), relating to the 
winter oak, Ov. 

aesculus -i, f. the winter or Italian oak, 

Aesernia -ae, f. town in Samnium, now 
Isernia ; hence Aesermnus -a -urn, belonging 
to Aesernia; surname of M. Marcellus, who was 
taken prisoner at Aesernia; name of a celebrated 
gladiator, Cic. 

• AesiS -is, m. river in Picentnn, now Esino or 
Fiumesino ; hence adj., Aesinas -atis. 

Aeson -6nis, m. (Aicruv), a Thjssalian prince, 
father of Jason ; hence, a, Aesdnides -ae, m. 
a descendant of Aeson (Jason), Prop. ; b, Aeso- 
UlUS -a -um, relating to Aeson; heros, Jason, 

Aesopus -i, m. (Aiaion-os). -I. a celebrated 
Greek fabulist of Phrygia, supposed to have lived 
in the 6th cent. b.c. II. Claudius (Clodius) Aeso- 
pus, a tragic actor in Rome, contemporary and 
friend of Cicero. 

aestas -atis, f. (connected with di.0u> = to 
burn, and aestus), summer. I. Lit., ineunte, Cic. ; 
nova, at the beginning of summer, Verg. ; media, 
Cic. ; adulta, tac. ; summit, Cic. ; exacts, at the 
end of, Ball.; esp. used of the summer as the time 
for military operations; unis litteris totius aes- 
tatis (summer campaign) res gestas ad senatum 
perscrihere, Cic. ; so quae duabus aestatibus 
gesta, Tac. II. Meton., clear summer weather, 
Verg. ; summer heat, Hor. 

aestifer -fera -ferum (aestus and fero), heat- 
bringing, Verg. ; ignis, Lucr. 

aestlmabliis -e (aestimo), valuable, Cic. 

aestimatio -onis, f. (aestimo). I. Lit., an a;)- 
praising according to value in money ; aequam 
aestimationem facere, Caes. ; census, the valua- 
tion of the census, Cic. ; frumenti, valuation of 
the corn, allowance for the governor of a 
province, or the amount to be paid by the ara- 
tores of the province instead of this allowance, 
Cic. ; litis, assessment of damages, Cic. ; so, 
multae, Liv. ; possessions, valuation of pro- 
perty, Cic. ; praediainaestiniatione ab aliquo ac- 
cipere, to take estates at tlie higher valuation that 
prevailcdbefore the civil war, Cic. II. Transf., 1, 
the valuation of a thing, a person, according to 
its true value ; honoris, Liv. ; 2, as a philosoph. 
t. t. (Gr. a£t'a), propria aestimatio virtutis, the 
absolute worth of virtue, Cic. 

aestimator -oris, m. (aestimo), 1, one who 
estimates, an appraiser; frumenti, Cic; 2, one 
who values a thing according to its worth; lidei, 

aestimatus -us, m. = aestimatio (q.v.). 

aestimo (aestumo), 1. (aes), to appraise, 
estimate the value ofanything. I. to estimate pecuni- 
ary value ; frumentum (vid. aestimatio frumenti), 
Cic; with abl. or gen., of value; aliquid terms 
denariis, Cic. ; ufc liceat, quanti quisque velit, 
tanti aestimet, Cic; witli adv., tenuissime, at 
a very low rate, Cic ; with ex and abl., aliquid 
ex nrtiflcio, according to the standard of work- 
manship, Cic ; litem alicui or alicuius, legal 
1. 1., to assess tlie damages in a law-suit, Cic. ; 
pugnatum est ut lis haec capitis aestimaretur, 
should be field a capital charge, Cic II. In a 
wider sense, 1, to value according to any standard; 
with abl. or gen., inagno, Cic ; niagni, Cic. ; 
with adv., cariue, Cic. ; leviustempestatis quam 

classis periculum, Caes. ; with ex and abl., vul- 
gus ex veiitate pauca, ex opinione multa aesti- 
mat, Cic. ; virtutemannis, Hor. ; satis aestimare, 
to estimate at full value, with ace. and infill., Tac. ; 
2, to judge, sicuti ego aestimo, Sail. 

aestiva -drum, n., v. aestivus. 

aestlve, adv. (aestivus), as in summer, Plant. 

aestivo, 1. (aestivus), to pass the summer, 

aestivus -a -um (aestus), relating to summer ; 
tempora, Cic. ; aura, Hor. ; saltus, summer pas- 
turage of cattle, Liv. ; aurum, the gold ring of the 
military tribunes, worn for six montlis, Juv. ; 
aestivum tonat, itjhunders as in summer, Juv. 
Plur. subst, aestiva -orum, n. ; a, (sc. castra), 
a summer camp, Cic. ; meton. (because the an- 
cients generally waged war only in the summer), 
a campaign, Cic ; b, summer pastures for cattle, 
Varr. ; meton., the cattle in summer jxistures, Verg. 

aestuarium -ii, n. (aestus). 1, low ground 
covered by the sea at high water, morass; itinera 
aestuariis concisa, Caes. ; 2, a firth, creek, or 
part of the river up which tlie tide flows ; in 
aestuario Tamesae, Tac. 

aestiio, 1. (aestus), to boil, to be Iwt. I. Of fire, 
aestuat ignis, Verg. ; or the results of fire ; ventis 
pulsa aestuat arbor, is heated, Lucr. ; si dixeris 
"aestuo " (/ am warm) sudat, Juv. II. A, Lit., 
of liquids, to boil, or (of the sea) to rage ; gurges 
aestuat, Verg. B. Pig., of the passions, to be in- 
flamed or excited; ut desiderio te nostri aestuare 
putarem, Cic ; nobilitasinvidiaaestuabat, Sail.; 
so of love, rex in ilia aestuat, burns with love for, 
Ov. ; aestuabat dubitatione, Cic. 

aestuose, adv. with compar. (aestuosus), 
hotly, Hor. 
aest 1 io«us -a -um, adj. with superb (aestus), 

I, hot; via, Cic. ; 2, agitated; freta, Hor. 

aestus -us, m. (alOu). I. heat; 1, of fire, 
propiusque aestus incendia volvunt, Verg. ; 2, 
of the sun, raeridiei aestus, Liv. ; plur., hut days, 
Verg. ; 3, of fever, aestu febrique jactari, Cic. 

II. 1, seething and raging, of the sea; ferventes 
aestibus undae, Ov. ; minuente aestu, the storm 
lessenijig, Caes. ; 2, Transf., a, rage ; civilis belli, 
Hor. ; of love, pectoris, Ov. ; b, fervour; ne 
aestus nos consuetudinis absorbent, Cic. ; c, un- 
rest, anxiety ; qui tibi aestus, qui error, quae tene- 
braeerant, Cic ; magno curarum fluctuat aestu, 

aetas -atis, f. (contr. from aevitas, from ae- 
vum),fl(/e. I.A.lifetime; a, breve tempusaetatis, 
Cic. ; aetatem agere, degere, conterere, consu- 
mere, Cic. ; aetas mea, tua = /, you, Plant. ; b, 
a generation (gen., 30 years ; sometimes, in poets, 
100) ; tertiam jairi aetatem hominuin vivebat, 
Cic. B. tlie age of a man; 1, Lit., a, Alius id aeta- 
tis,o/</iatar;e,Cic.; sometimes, youth; qui aliquid 
formae aetatis artiliciique habebant, Cic. ; earns 
eris Romae donee te deseret aetas, Hor. ; some- 
times, old age ; nusquam tantum tribuitur aetati, 
nusquam senectus est honoratior, Cic ; some- 
times, mmihood; in aetatem pervenire, Liv.; b, 
with narrower meaning, iniens aetas, youth, Cic. ; 
so llos aetatis, bona aetas, Cic. ; ad petendum (ma- 
gistratum) logitima aetas, Cic. ; aetas militaris, 
the seventeenth year, Sail. ; qnaestoria, the twenty- 
fifth, Quint. ; senatoria, the twenty fifth, Tac. ; con- 
sularis, the forty-third, Cic. ; adulta, Cic. ; ingra- 
vescens, Cic ; acstute jam alfecta,/ar advanced in, 
years, Cic. ; 2, Meton., the )>ersons of a part iculur 
age; vestra, Cic. ; puerilis, boys, Cic. ; senilis, old 
men, Cic. II. the time at which a person lives; 
clarissimns imperator suae aetatis, Liv. ; 1, nostra 
aetas, the men of our time, Liv. ; verborum vetus 
aetas, obsolete words, Hor. ; 2, used gen. for time ; 
aurea, the golden age, Ov. ; ouinia fert aetas, Verg. 




actatiila -ao,f. (dim. of aetas), youthful age ; 
prima ilia uetatula sua, ClC. 

actcrnltas -Stfa, f. (aeternus). I. eternity; 
ex o:nui leteroitate veruui esse, cic II. a, im- 
mortality; animoruni, Cic ; allcnl aetornitatcni 
liiunortalitatemque donare, Cic; b, in imperial 
. a title of the Emperor, similar to majestas, 
dlvinitaa, etc, Plin. 

aetorno, 1. (aeternus), to make eternal, to 
immortalize, Hor. 

aeternus -a -nm, adj. with rompar. (eontr. 
from aevitcrnus), eternal, immortal. I. dous, Cic. 
IL everlasting, lasting, undying; bellurn, Cic; 
orbs, Bomet Tib. ; amorc aoterno, Cic; in 
aetTiiiini, /or ever, Liv. ; so acternum, Verg.; 
aeterno, everlastingly, Plin.; neut. plur. subst., 
aeterna molbi, to do deathless deeds, Cic 

aetlter-ena,acc. •" (a'.flijp). l.A.thevpper 
air, Cic. ; poet., heaven ; Jnppiteraethere Rummo 
■ us, Vcrg. ; meton., the gods; oneravit ae- 
tliera votis, Verg. B. Poet. (=aer), thelowerair; 
verberareaetherapeunis, Verg. ; the upper world 
wd to the infernal regions); aethere in 
alto, Verg. II. Proper name. Aether, son of 
£rebusand Night, identified with Jupiter. 

aetherius (aethereus) -a -nm (aifle'pio?). 

I. ethereal, relating to the ether; natura, Cic. ; 
Bap., relating to the heavens as tht abode of the gods, 

■''/; domus, heaven, Hor.; ignes, heavenly 
nation, Ov. 1 ; equi, the horses of the sun, Ov. 

II. 1, belonging to Vie air; aqua, rain, Ov, ; 2, 
belonging to the upper world (as opposed to the 
lower world); resei aura aetheria, to live, Verg. 

Aethlopes -nm, ace -as, m. (A18ioir«J, the 
inhabitants of Aethiojiia, Cic. ; sing., Aethioi; - 
, m. a black man, Juv. ; cum stipitc 
A. thiope, stupid, C i < • . ; hence, 1, Aethiopia -ae, 
f. in wider sense, all the land to the south of the 
world as known to the ancients; in narrow sense, 
tht country south of Egypt; 2, Aothiopicus -a 
-nm, Acthiopian; 3, Aethiopis -idis, to plant, 
a kind of sage, Plin. 

1. Acthra -ae, f. (MBpn). I. daughter of king 

U of Troexen, mother of Theseus hy Acgeus. 
II. daughter ofOceanus, mother of the llyadcs and 
of llyas. 

2. aethra -ae, f. (cuSpa), the upper air, the 
clear sky, Verg, 

Aetna -ae, f. (Aim)). I. Aetna, a volcano in 
Sicily, according to one legend, the mountain t hat 
Jupiter cast on the giant Typhoeus (or Typhon), 
or Enceladns ; so proverb, onus Aetna gravius, 
Cic. ; according to another legend, the interior 
wai t lie workshop of Vulcan and the Cyclopes, 
wlici there forged Jupiter's thunderbolts ; 
hence Aetnacua -a -um, belonging to Aetna; 
ti itre8, the Cyclopes, Verg. ; pastor, Me Cyclops 
Polyphemus, Ov. ; meton., tellus, Sicily, Ov. II. 
a tenvn at the foot of Mount Aetna, also called 
Innesa; hence Aetncnsis -e, belonging to the 
town of A>: 

Aotoli -Ornm, ni. (AItwAoi'), the Aetolians, tlie 
inhabitants of A etalia. Adj. Aetolus -a -nm, 
Aetolian • plagae (alluding to Meleager and the 
hunt of the Caiydoiiian boar), Hor.; anna, CUSpis 
(of the Aetolian Diomcdes), Verg. ; in Is orArpi, 
a town in Apulia, said CO have been founded 
by Dioniedes, Verg. ; hence, 1, Actolia -ae, 
f. Aetolin, a country in the west of Greece, 
between Uzolian Locris and Acornanio ; 2, 
Aetolicus -a -nm, Aetolian; helium, Liv.; 
3, Aetolis -Mis, f. an Aetolian woman, 
Deianiia, daughter of Oeneus king of Aetolia, 
Ov. ; 4, Aetolius -a -um, hcros, Diomedes, 

aevftas -Stis, f. old form of aetas. 

aevum-i,n. (a'lur). I. eternity; iuaevwm, for 
ever, llor. II. lime. A. 1, time of life ; degerc, 
ClC ; perbrevis aevi Cartliaginein esse, Liv. ; 2, 
a generation (thirty years); ter aevo functus, 
Hor. ; 3, «ge ; a, flos aevi, youth, Lucr.; integer 
aevi, in the bloom of youth, Verg. ; prinio exstin- 
gni in aevo, in early youth, Ov. ; b, esp., of old 
age, aevo macieqne senescuut, Lncr. ; aevi ma- 
twua, far advanced in years, Verg, B. 1, time at 
which a person, is living; omnis aevi clari viri, 
of every age, Liv. ; 2, time in gen., vcteris lion 
inscins aevi, Ov. 

Afcr, v. Afti. 

affabilis -e, adj. with comptfr. (afTor), easy 
to be spoken to, affable ; in oinni sermone affabileiu 
et jucundum esse velle, Cic. 

affabilitas -atis, f. (affabilis), affability; 
comitas affabilitasque sermonis, Cic. 

aftabre, adv. (ad and fa her), in a. workman- 
like way, skilfully ; factus, Cic. 

affatim, adv. (ad ami fatirn), sufficiently, 
enough ; sat isfaeere alicui, Cic. Subst. with 
genii., copiaruin affatim esse, Liv. 

affatus -Via, m. (aflbr), an address, speech, 
accosting, Verg. 

affcctatie -onis, f. (affecto), a violent desire 
and striving; quietis, Tac; Germanicae origi- 
nis, eagerness to pass for Germans, Tac 

affectator -oris, m. (atfecto), one who strives 
after anything, Quint. 

affectatus -a -tun, p. adj. (affecto), in rhet., 
elaborate, studied, Quint. 

affectio -onis, f. (afticio). I. Active, influ- 
nce ; praescnl is luali sapicntis affectio nulla est, 
the wise man is not affected by evil, Cic. II. 
Passive, condition ; 1, relation ; quaedam ad res 
aliquas affectio, Cic. ; 2, state; caeli, Cic; 3, 
condition ; a, of the body, firnia corporis affectio, 
good health, Cic. ; b. of the mind, with or with- 
out animi, favourable disposition of the mind, 
Cic. ; nulla affectione animi, without predilection, 

affecto (adfecto), 1. (officio). I. to grasp; 
nbi nulla daturdextra affectare (navem) potes- 
tas, Verg. ; viam, to aim after, Plant. ; earn rem, 
to meddle with, Liv. ; regnum, to obtain, Liv. 
II. to strive after; 1, munditiam, non afllu- 
entiain, Nep. ; spes potiendae Africae, to enter- 
tain hopes, Liv. ; licllum Hernicum, to try to get 
the command of the war, etc, Liv. ; imperium, 
Liv. ; 2, to affect ; in verbis effnsiorem cultum, 

1. affectus -us, m. (afticio), a condition, dis- 
position; of the mind, 1, animi, Cic; ab- 
sol., feeling; veri affectus, Tac; 2, emotions', 
passions; anions, avaritiae, inetus, Quint.; 
desire, Tnc. ; 3, affection, Plin. 

2. affectus -a -nm, p. adj. with supeil. 
(aflicio). A. provided, furnished with; virgis, 
Plant. ; vii tutibus, vitiis, Cic. B. disposed in, 
any way as to mind or body ; 1, of the body, 
a, nnm manna recte afl'ecta est quum in tumore 
est, Cic. ; transf., quomodo affecto caelo coin- 
posit isque sideribus quodque animal oriatur, 
under what disposition of the stars, Cic. ; b, in- 
disposed, disordered ; C'aesarem graviter affectum 
Jam videram, Cic. ; valetudine afrectus, Caes.; 
transf., civltaa acgra et affecta, Cic; c, near 
completion ; bellurn affectum videmus et, ut vere 
dicam, paene confectum, Cic. ; 2, of the mind, 
disposed; eodem modoerit sapiens affectns erga 
amicum, quo In se ipsum, Cic. 

affero, attnli, allatum, afferre (ad and fero), 

V, or bring to. I. Lit., A. Of persons, 

aliqnid doinnm, Cic. ; cpistolam, litteras, to 



bring a letter, Cic. ; is qui litteras attulit, the 
bearer of this letter, Cic. B. Of things, si tantum 
notas odor attulit auras, Verg. II. Transf., A. 
Gen., to bring ; aiiimum vacuum ad res ditticiles 
scribendas, Cic. jmamisafferrealicui or alicui rei, 
to seize, Cic. ; manus sibi, to commit suicide, ap. 
Cic. ; manus suis vulneribus, to tear open, Cic. ; 
alicui vim, to offer violence to, Cic. B. Esp., 1, to 
bring news ; alicui non jucundissimumnuntium, 
Cic. ; eo de Hortensii morte mihi est allatum, 
news was brought me, Cic; foil, by ace. and 
infin., Caelium ad ilium attulisse se quaererc, 
etc., Cic. ; 2, to bring as an excuse or reason; ra- 
tiones, cur hoc ita sit, Cic. ; aetatem, to allege in 
excuse, Cic. ; 3, to produce, cause; alicui mortem, 
Cic; 4, (u bring as a help; ad bene vivendum 
aliquid, Cic ; 5, to bring as an addition; quis 
attnlerit, who added the clause to the bill, Cic. 

afficio -feci -fectum, 3. (ad and faeio). I. 
to do something to; in rhet., to connect; eae 
res quae quodammodo affectae sunt ad id de 
quo quaeritur, Cic. II. to influence. A. aliquem 
aliqua re, to affect in any way ; aliquem maxima 
laetitia, Cic. ;' quanta me molestia atl'ecerit, Cic ; 
cives Homani morte, cruciatu, cruce, Cic; ali- 
quem sepultnra, to bury, Cic. ; aliquem capitali 
poena, to punish, Liv. ; so in passive, inorbo 
gravi et mortifero affectum esse, Cic. ; magna 

■ dillicultate atlici, to be placed in a difficult po- 
sition, Caes. ; beneficio atlici, to be benefited, 
Cic. ; pio dolore affectum, Cic. B. aliquem, to 
affect the body or mind ; 1, the body, exercendum 
corpus et ita alficienduin est nt, etc., Cic. ; aestus, 
labor, fames, sitis afliciuilt corpora, weaken, 
Liv. ; 2, of the mind, litterae tliae sic me atl'ece- 
runt nt, etc., Cic. 

aftictio -onis, f. an adding to, Phaedr. 

aff lgo -fixi -fixum, 3. (ad and tigo), to fasten to, 
aflU: I. Lit., litteram illam (k) ita vehementer 
ad caput, ut, etc., to brand, Cic ; Prometheum 
Caucaso, Cic. ; cruci, Liv. ; of trophies of war, 
signa affixa delnbris, Hot. II. Transf., a, 
Ithaca ilia in aaperriinis saxis tamquam nidulus 
affixa, Cic. ; alicui afflxum esse tamquam magis- 
tro, not to leave the side of, Cic. ; b, of the mind, 
to imprint, ea maxime afiigi animis nostris, Cic. 

affingo -finxi -fictum, 3. (ad and lingo), _ to 
form, feign, invent in addition, to add to. I. Lit., 
of artists, partem corporis, Cic. II. Transf., to 
invent; qui nihil opinione allingat assumatque 
ad aegvitudinem, Cic ; multa rumoreaffingeban- 
tur, Caes. 

aff inis -e (ad and finis). I. Lit., neighbour- 
ing ; gens affinis Mauris, Liv. II. Transf., 1, 
related by marriage; alter mihi attinrs erat, Cic. 
Subst., affinis -is, m. brother-, sister-, father-, 

■ mother-in-law ; cognati et affines, blood relations 
and connections by marriage, Cic. ; 2, connected 
with, privy to ; hujus suspicionis, Cic. ; hnic 
facinori, Cic. 

aff initas -Stis, f. (affinis). I. neighbourhood, 
Varr. II. A. relationship by marriage; aftinitate 
sese devincire cum aliquo, Cic. ; in affinitatem ali- 
cuius pervenire, Cic. ; plur., conjunctio liomi- 
num inter homines serpit sensim foras, cogna- 
tionibus primum, deinde affinitatibus, deiude 
amicitiis, Cic. ; meton., relations by marriage, 
Plaut. B. union of any kind ; litterarum, 

affirmatc, adv. with superb (aflirniatus), 
certainly, positively , promittore aliquid, Cic. 

affirmatio -unis, f. asseveration, positive as- 
sertion, Cic. 

affirmo, 1. (ad and firino). I. to strengthen ; 
societas jurejurando aifirmatur, Liv. II. a. to 
support a statement, to prove ; quod breviter dic- 
tum est rationibus affirmatum, Cic. ; b, to assert 


as true; quis rem tarn veterem pro certo affirmet, 
Liv. ; omni asseveratione tibi atlirmo (followed 
by ace. and infln.), Cic. ; with de and the abl., 
quid opus est de Lionysio bun valde aflirinare. 

affixus -a -urn (p. adj. from affigo), fixed to, 
closely joined to, affixed ; Pyrenaeo, closely ad- 
jacent to, l'liu. 

afflatus -us, m. (afflo). I. n blowing or a 
breathing on; maris, sea breeze, Plin. ; deneget 
afflatus ventua et aura suos, Ov. ; used of the 
breath of men and animals, Ov. II. inspiration ; 
sine aliquo altlatu divino, Cic. 

afflco -fieri -fictum, 2. (ad and tleo), to weep 
at, Plant. 

afflictatio -onis, f. (afflicto), bodily pain, 
torture, Cic. 

afflicto, 1. (intens. of affligo). I. to strike or 
beat A. Lit., afflictare se, to beat one's breast in 
grief, Sail. B. Transf., attlictare se, or alllictari, 
to be troubled; de quibus veheinenter afllictor, 
Cic. II. to damage by striking. A. Lit., onera- 
rias (naves) tempestas aillictabat, Caes. B. 
Transf., to harass, to torment; gravius vehemen- 
tiusque afflictari (morbo), Cic. 

afflictor -oris, m. (atlligo), adestroycr ; digni- 
tatis et auctoritatis, Cic. 

affiictus -a -urn, p. adj. (affligo), 1, damaged, 
sliattered ; fortuna, amicitia, Cic. ; 2, broken 
down, spiritless, desponding; aegritudiue affiictus, 
debilitates, jacens, Cic. ; 3, vile, contemptible; 
homo alllictus et perditus, Cic. 

affligo -llixi -flictum, 3. I. A. to strike, dash 
against ; vasa parietibus, Liv. B. to dash to the 
ground; statuam, Cic; equi viriqnc affiicti, 
struck down in battle, Sail. II. to ill-treat, 
damans. A. fusti caput alicuius, Tac. ; naves 
quae gravissiine afflictae erant, Caes. B. Transf. , 
to weaken, discourage, injure; non vitium nos- 
trum sed virtus nostra nos afflixit, Cic. ; non 
plane me enervavit nee afflixit senectus, Cic; 
causam susceptam, to drop a law suit, Cic. ; 
vectigalia bellis aftliguntur, suffer through war, 
Cic. ; animos affligere et debilitare metu, Cic. 

afflo (ad-flo), 1. I. to blow on. A. Lit., affla- 
bat acrior frigoris vis, Liv. ; odores qui atflarentur 
e fioribus, Cic. B. Transf., 1, Intrans., to blow 
propitiously; felix cui placidus leniter afflat 
amor, Tib '; 2, Trans., to bring; rumoris nescio 
quid altlaverat commissione Graecornm frequen- 
tiam non fuisse, Cic. ; 3, to breatlie, to communi- 
cate secretly; laetos oculis afflarat honores, Verg. 
II. A. to breathe on ; velut illis Canidia afliasset, 
Ilor. ; nosque. ubi primus equis Oriens afflavit 
anhelis, Verg. ; of fire and heat, saucii afflatique 
incendio, scorched, Liv. B. to inspire; afflata 
est nuiuine quando jam propiore dei, Verg. 

affluens -cutis (p. adj. of affluo), rich, affluent, 
abundant, plentifully provided with, full of; opi- 
bus et copira, Cic. ; omni scelere, Cic. ; ex afflu- 
enti, in abundance, Tac. 

affluenter, adv. with compar, (affluens), 
richly, abundantly, voluptate aftluentius haurire, 

affluentia -ae, f. (affluens), overflow, abun- 
dance ; omnium rerum, Cic. 
affluo (ad-fluo) -fluxi -fluxum, 3. to flow to. 

A. Lit., 1, of rivers, Aufidus amnis utrisque 
castris affluens, Liv. ; 2, a, of the concourse of 
atoms In the Epicurean philosophy, Lucr. ; b, <>f 
men, to flock together; alllucnte quotidie mulfi- 
tudine ad famam belli spemque praedae, Liv. 

B. Transf., 1, to rome; nihil ex istis locis non 
modo litterarum, sed lie rumoris quidem nffluxit, 
Cic. ; 2, to abound; quum domi otium et divi- 
tiae affluerent.Sall. ; unguentis affluens, dripping 
viith unguents, Cic. ; voluptatibus. Cic. 




affor (ad-for), 1, dep., to accost, address ; verai- 
bus aliquem, Cic; esp., to toy farewell to tlie 
dead ; aiihri extremum, Vers. ; '" pra-n to ; cleos, 
Verg. (lit pore, of prea. indie not found; only 
naeu in the otlier persona of the prcs. indie, the 
1st pets, inipn f. indie., the Slid pora. impel*., the 
liilin., find partlc). 

afformido, 1. to be in fear, Plant. 

affrico -fritui -fricatum, 1. to rub, Plin. 

affrictlis -us, m. (a(t'rico), a rubbing on, 

affulgeo -fulsi, 2. to shine, glitter. A. Lit., 
Venus (the ]>'.a>ut), all'ulsit, Ov. B. Transf., 1, 
of a deity, to look favourably upon; vultus ubi 
tuns affulsit, Hor. ; 2. of hope, to appear; con- 
suli rei inajoria spes affulsit, Liv. 

affundo -fiidi -fusilin, 3. to pour into. I. Lit., 
veneniim vulneri, Tac. ; colonia amue affusa, 
washed by a river, Plin. II. 1, of men, to add ; at 
equltaii) tria muilacnrnibusarTunderentur, Tac. ; 
2, affundere se or atl'undi, to prostrate oneself on 
the ground ; affusaquc poscere vitam, Ov. 

Afranius -a -uni, name of a Roman plebeian 
g>'ns, the nmst famous of which were I. L. Afra- 
nius, a Roman comic poet (born probably about 
130 a.c.), contemporary of Terence. II. L. Afra- 
nius, dependent and legate of Cn. J'ompeius, 
kitted after the buttle of Thapsus. 

Afri -drum, in. the dwellers in Africa, especi- 
ally in the narrow sense of the district round 
Carthage; sing., dims Afer, Hannibal, Hor. 
Adj., Afer -fra-frnm; aqua, sea between Sicily 
ana Africa, 0\ . ; avis, guinea-fowl, Hor. ; sorores, 
the Hesperides, Juv. Hence A. Africa -ae, f. 

1, in wider sense, the continent of Africa, Sail. ; 

2, in narrower sense, Africa propria or Africa 
provincia, the country around and formerly be- 
longing to Carthage; and in a narrower sense 
still, the district of Zeugis with its capital 
Carthage. B. AfricanuS -a -uni, belonging to 
Africa ; bellum, Caesar's war against the Pom- 
j.' fas in Africa, Cic; gallinae, guinea-fowl, 
Vuir. Subst, , Africanae -arum, f. (sc. bestiae), 
African wild beasts, lions, etc., used in the circus 
at Rome, Liv. As a surname, Africanus, sec 
Cornelius. C. Africus -a -um, African ; 
bellum, the second Punic war, Liv.; Caesar's war 

i the Pompeians, Caes. ; mare, smith-west 
/ the Mediterranean sea. Sail. ; 
Africus or Africus alone, the S. IV. stormy rain- 
wind ; praeceps, Hor. 

Agamemnon •finis, m. ('Ayanf/iMf), a king 
of Mycenae, leader of the flreek expedition to Troy ; 
hence, 1, Agamemnonides -ae, m., a i i 
or descendant of Agamemnon, Orestes, Juv.; 2, 
Agamemnonius -a -um, relating to Agamem- 
non; puella, Iphigenia, Prop. 

Aganippe -5s, f. fAyavimrn), a fountain in 
Boeotia. sacred to the Muses, Verg. ; hence, 1, 
Aganippis -Idis, f. Aganippsan, Ov. ; 2, 
Aganippeus -a -uni, relating to Aganippe, 
ea< red it the Muses ; lyra, Prop. 

agaso -Gnis, m. (ago), aliorse-boy, groom, Liv. ; 
rev, Liv. ; awkward servant, Hor. 

Agathocles -is and -i, m. (Aya^o/cAT)?), 1, a 
tyrant of Syracuse, born 801 a.c. ; 2, a Greek 
philosojiher and writer on hvsliandry ; 3, a Greek 

Agathyrna -ae, f. (*A 7 <{0upi>a), or Aga- 
thyrnum -i. n. (^AydSupvov), a town on the A'. 
coast of Sicily, now 8. Agatha. 

Ag.ithyrsi -drum, m. ('Ayaflupo-oi), a Scy- 
thian people living on the Maris, in modern, 
Hungary, who tattooed themselves blue; picti, 

Agave -es, f. ('Ayami), daughter of Cadmus, 
mother of Pentheus, whom she killed in a Bacchic 

Agendicum -i, n. capital of the Senones, in 
Gallia Lugdunensis, now Sens. 

Agolastus -i, in. (aye\a&To<;, never laugh- 
ing), surname of M. Crassus, grandfather of tlie 
triumvir, said to have laughed only once in his 

agellus -i, in. (dim. of ager), a little field, 

agemS -atis, n. (ayryxa), a corps in the Mace- 
donian army, Liv. 

Agenor -5ris, m. (' Aygvoip), a king of Phoeni- 
cia, father of Cadmus and Enrojxx ; urbs Agenoris, 
Carthage, Verg. ; Agenore natus, Cadmus, Ov. ; 
hence, 1, Agenorides -ae, in. a sou or de- 
scendant of Agenor, Cadmus, Ov. ; Perseus, u< 
descendant of Danaus, nephew of Agenor, Ov. ; 
2, AgendreuS -a -um, relating to Agenor; 
domus, house of Cadmus, Ov. ; bos, the butt that 
bore away Kuropa, Ov. ; aenum, the kettle used for 
the Phoenician, purple dye, Mart. 

agens -cutis (partic of ago), lively, active, 
acer orator, incensus et agens, Cic. 

ager.agri, m. (aypo?). 1,1, land incultivation, 
a, field, piece of land; colere, Cic. ; homo ab agio 
veniotissinms, knowing nothing of agriculture, 
Cic. ; 2, ooen country in opposition to the town; 
vastati agri sunt, urbs assiduis exhausta funeri- 
bus, Liv.; 3, the land opposed to the sea; arx 
Crotonis una parte imminens mari, altera parte 
vergentc in agruni, Liv. ; 4, in agrum, in depth 
(opp. in fronteni, in length), Hor. II. the terri- 
tory of a state, Tusculanus, Cic. 

Agesllaus -i, m. ('A-yiiCTi'Aaot), a king of 
Sparta who conquered the Persians on the I'actolus 
in Asia Minor (a.c. 300), and the Boeotians, Athe- 
nians, and other Greeks at Coronea in Boeotia. 

Agesimbrotus -i, m. (Ay>jo-i>j9poTos), cowi- 
mander of the Rhodian fleet against Philip of 

Agesipolis -polldis, m. ('AyTja-iVoAit), son of 
Cleombratns and king of Sparta about 195 a.c. 

aggemo (ad-gemo), 3. to groan at, to weep at, 

agger -eris, in. (2. aggero). Immaterial brought 
together to form a heap or mound ; aggerein com- 
portare, petere, Caes. ; paludem aggere explere, 
Caes. ; poet, moliri aggere teeta, to build and 
fortify with a mound, Verg. II. 1, a mound, 
rampart; apparare, jacere, facere, instruere, 
Caes. ; agger Tarquinii, or simply agger, a ram- 
part said to have, been built by Targuinus Super- 
bus to protect Rome; 2, a rampart to protect a 
hitrlioitr, Verg.; the, bonk of a river, gramineus 
ripae agger, verg. ; the, causeway of a road; agger 
viae, Verg. ; 3, poet., any kind of elevation ; 
tumuli ex aggere, Verg. ; aggeres Alpini, Verg. ; 
arenae, Verg. ; a funeral pile, Ov. 

1. aggero, 1. (agger), to form a mound, to 
heap up. I. Lit., Tac; cadavera, Verg. II. Fig., 
to increase ; dictis iras, Verg. 

2. aggero (ad-gero) -gessi -gestutn, 3. (ad and 
gero). I. Lit., to carry to, bring to; luta ct 
limum, Cic. ; withdat., aggcritur tuinulo tellus, 
Verg. II. Fig., to load, heap on; probra, Tac. 

aggCStUS -lis, in. (2. aggero), a carrying to, 
accumulation; pabulae, materiae, lignorum, Tac. 

agglomero (ad-glomero)] 1. Lit. to wind 
on a. hull, to add; aduunt sc sneioa et later! ng- 
glomerant nostro, throng to our side, Verg. 

agglutino (ad-glutiao), 1. to glue to, to fasten 
to, Cic. 




aggravesco (ad-gravcsco), 3. to become 
severe, to grow worse (of sickness), Ter. 

aggravo (ad-gravo), 1. I. Lit., to make 
heavier, Plin. II. Trausf., to make xvorse; ino- 
piam socioi'um, Liv. ; to heighten; suininam in- 
vidiae ejus, Liv. 

aggredio, 3. active form of aggredior(q.v.). 

aggrcdior -gressus sum, 3. dep. (ad and gra- 
dioi). A. 1, to go to, approach; ad aliqucm, Plaut. ; 
nou repelhtur quo aggredi cupiet, Cic. ; 2, to 
approach a person; a, in a friendly manner, 
quern ego Romae aggrediar, Cie. ; aliquem pecu- 
nia, Sail. ; Venerem dictis, to address, Verg. ; b. 
Ill a hostile manner, to attack; eos impeditos et 
inopinantes, Caes. ; murum, Sail. B. Trausf., 
to begin, to undertake, to attempt; ancipitem 
causam, Cic ; facinus, to begin, Liv. ; with ad 
and the ace, ad causam, ad crimen, ad disputa- 
tionem, ad historiam, Cic. ; with ad and the 
gerund, ad dicendum, Cic. ; followed by the 
iniin., oppidum altissimis moenibus oppugnare, 

aggrego (ad-grego), 1. to add to, join with; 
a, with adv., eodem ceteros undique collectos 
naufiagos, Cic. ; b, with in and the ace, ego te 
in nostrum numerum aggregare soleo, Cic. ; 
C, with ad and the ace, se ad eorum amicitiam, 
Caes. ; d, with dat., se Romanis, Liv. ; e, 
absol., alius alia ex navi, quibuscum^"-- signis 
occurrerat, se aggregabat, Caes. 

aggressio -onis, f. (aggrcdior), the intro- 
duction to a speech; prima aggressione aniinos 
occupare, Cic. 

agilis -e (ago). A. Of things, 1, easily moved, 
liglU; classis, Liv. ; 2, quick; rivus agilior, 
Plin. B. Of persons, 1, light, nimble; dea, 
Diana, Ov. ; Cyllenius, Mercury, Ov. ; 2, active; 
oderunt agilem gnavumque remissi, Hor. ; nunc 
agilis lio, busy, Hor. 

agilitas -atis, f. (agilis), the power of being 
easily moved, quickness, agility, lightness; na- 
vium, Liv. ; naturae, Cic. 

Agis -idis, m. (*Ayts), name of three kings of 

agitabilis -e (agito), easily moved, light; 
aer, Ov. 

agitatio -onis, f. (agito). S. Act., A. Lit., 
motion; anceps teloruni armorumque, Liv. B. 
management; reruin magnarum agitatio atque 
administratio, Cic. II. Pass., state of motion. 
A. Lit, agitatio et motus linguae, Cic. ; tantas 
agitationes fluctuuin, Cic. B. Trausf., activity; 
numquam animus agitatione etmotu esse vacuus 
potest, Cic. 

agitator -oris, in. (agito), 1, one who sets in 
motion, a driver; aselli, Verg. ; 2, a charioteer, 
who contended for the prize inXhe circxis, Cic. 

agitatus -i\s, ra. = agitatio (q.v.). 

agito, 1. (intens. of ago), to put in constant 
motion, to drive about. I. Lit., 1, of animals, 
to drive ; spumantem equum, Verg. ; or to hunt ; 
aquila insectans alias aves et agitans, Cic. ; 2, 
of the wind on the sea, to agitate, toss up and 
down ; mave ventorum vi agitari atque turbari, 
Cic. ; 3, to stir up in any way, to move hastily ; 
quod pulsu agitatur cxterno, Cic. ; corpora hue 
illuc, Sail. II. Trausf., 1, to vex, agitate, harass ; 
ut eos agitent insecteuturque furiae, Cic. ; Tyr- 
rheuam fidein aut gentes agitare quictas, to 
trouble, Verg. ; seditionibus tribuniciis atrociter 
res publica agitabatur, Sail. ; to ridicule, quas 
personas agitare solenius, non sustincrc, Cic. ; 
2, in speech, to handle, treat of, argue, discuss; 
agraria lex vehementer agitabatur, Cic. ; 3, in 
thought, to think about, consider (with or with- 
out in fHirde, in mcute, iu aninio, or simply 

animo or mente) ; in animo bellum., Liv. ; rem 
mente, Cic. ; a, with inlin., aliquidinvadereiiiag. 
mini mens agitat mihi, Verg. ; b, with de, de in- 
ferendo bcllo, Liv. ; c, with rel. sent, id plebes 
agitabat quonam modo, etc., Liv. ; 4, to prac- 
tise, exercise; quibus agitatus et exercitatus 
animus, Cic. ; 5, of festivals, to keep; dies festos, 
Cic; 6, to manage, observe, keep; imperiuin, 
Sail. ; gaudium atque laetitiam, to exjn-ess, Sail. ; 
praecepta parentis mei, to observe or practise, 
Sail. ; 7, of time, to live; sub legibus aevum, 
Verg. ; 8, (sc. sc), to pass time, stay ; laeti 
neque procul Germani agitant, Tac. ; Libyes 
propius mare agitant, Sail. ; 9, to act (on the 
stage), Plaut. 

Aglaii -es, f. CAyWa and 'Aykairj), the oldest 
of the graces, Verg. 

aglaspis -idis, in. (ayKarj a<rnif, a bright 
shield), sokliers with briglit shitlds, name of a 
division in the Macedonian army, Liv. 

agmen -inis, n. (ago), something driven or 
moved, a mass in movement. I. Gen., A. Of 
things with life, 1, of men, a band, a throng ; 
stipatus agmine patriciorum, Liv. ; Eumenidum 
agmina, Verg. ; 2, of animals, agmen ferarum, 
Ov. ; aligeruin agmen, swans, Verg. ; grani- 
ferum agmen, ants, Ov. B. Of things with- 
out life, 1, a large stream of water, leni fluit 
agmine flumen, Verg. ; so of rain, iiniueusum 
agmen aquarum, Verg. ; 2, of the atoms, Lucr. ; 

3, of the clouds, Lucr. ; 4, of the movement 
of oars, Verg. ; 5, of the gliding of snakes, 
extremae agmina caudae, Verg. II. As milit. 
t. t., an army. A. Abstr., the march of an 
army; citato agmine, Liv. ; rudis agniinuin, 
Hor. B. Concr., 1, the army on march; a, of 
infantry, phalanx agmen magis quam acics 
(acics," the army in line of battle), Liv. ; agniiuo 
ingrcdi, ire, Liv. ; agmine instructo, ready for 
march, Liv. ; agmine facto, in close marching 
order, Verg. ; tripartite ngmine, a march in three 
columns, Tac. ; aginen pilatum, Verg., or justuin, 
an army in close marching order, Tac ; quadratum, 
a march in a hollow square, Sail. ; priinum, the 
vanguard, Caes. ; medium, the centre, Caes. ; 
extromum or novissimum, the rear, Cic. ; ducere, 
to lead, Cic ; cogere, to act as rearguard, Caes. ; 
so tig., ut nee duces sumus nee agmen cogamus, 
Cic. ; b, of cavalry, equitum, Liv. ; 2, of a 
fleet, Liv. ; 3, of the baggage of an army, ini- 
pedimentorum, Tac ; rerum captarum, Liv. ; 

4, Transf., of animals marching in order, de- 
cedens agmine magno corvorum exercitus, Verg. ; 
and so of things personified, venti velut agmine 
facto, qua data porta, ruunt, Verg. ; stellae 
quarum agmina cogit Lucifer, Ov. 

agna -ae, f. (agnus), a female lamb, Hor. 

Agnalia -ium = Agonalia (q.v.). 

agnascor (ad-guascor) -natus, 3. to be born 
in addition to, legal t. t. of children born after 
their father's will, either in his lifetime or after 
his death, Cic 

agnatio -onis, f. (agnascor), relationship 
reckoned through males only, Cic. 

agnatus -i, m. (agnascor), 1,'a relation de- 
scatded from a common ancestor in the male line, 
Cic. ; 2, a child born into a family where a 
regular heir already exists, Tac 

agnellus -1, m. (dim. of agnus), a little land), 

agninus -a -am (agnus), relating to a lamb, 
Plaut. Subst, agmna -ae, f. (so. caro), lanCb't 
flesh, Hor. 

agmtio -onis, f. (agnosco). 1, recognition ; 
cadaveris, Plin.; 2, knowledge; animi. of the 
nature of the mind, ClC 




agnomen (ad-nonicn)-Tnis, n. surname, nar>ie 
g'wen to a mini for some service, e.g. Africnuus, 

agnosco (ad-gnosco)-novi-nltum, 3. (ad and 
piiosco = nosco). I. to perceive (in its true 
character), to recognise; deumex opcrfbns suis, 
veteran Anchisenagnoscitaniicum, Verg. ; 
parvam Trojam, Verg. II. to recognise as true 
or genuine, to acknowledge ; fllium queni Hie 
natum noii agnorat, eundeni moriens suum dix- 
erat, Nep. ; aliquem non ducem, Liv. ; of tilings, 
crimen, Cic. ; quod lneum quoddammodo ag- 
nosco, Cic. ; with ace. and infln., ct ego ipse 
me non esse verbornm admodum inopem ag- 
nosco, Cic. 

agnus -i, m. " lamb ; collect., abundare agno, 
Cic. ; pro v., agnum lupo eripere velle, to wish 
for the impossible, Plaut. 

Sgo, egi, actum (dy<o), 3. to set in "motion. I. 
Lit., A. to drive, 1, cattle, etc.; boves Romani, 
Liv. ; 2, to lead or drive men, agmen agere, to set 
on army in motion, Liv. ; se agere, to go, Plant. ; 
3, to ride a horse or drive a carriage, to set a ship 
in motion; eqiium, Tac ; carpciituin, Liv. ; naves, 
Liv. ; 4, of things, to put in motion, drive, Tineas 
turreaque, Caes. ; nubes ventus agens, Lucr. B. 

1, to drive with force or violence ; turba fugientium, 
actus, L<v. ; animain agere, to give up the ghost, 
Cic. ; glebis ant fustibus aliquem dc fundo, Cic. ; 

2, Esp., to plunder, to drive away cattle, often 
with ferre or portare, res quae fern agique pos- 
smit, Liv.; 3, to constiiict, build, lay; funda- 
nieiita, Cic. ; 4, of plants, to strike root, Plin. ; 
fig., vera gloria radices agit, Cic. II. Transf., A. 
Gen., as regards actions, to drive, incite; in armi , 
Liv. ; aliquem in fraudeni, Verg. ; se agere or agere. 
absoL, to live; nuilto ct fniniliarilcr cum aliquo, 
Sail. B. 1, of time, to pas?; quartum annum 
•ago et octogesimum, lam in my eighty-fourth 
year, Cic. ; aetatcm in littcris, Cic. ; 2, to act, to 
do ; quid vos agitis ? Cic ; quid again ? Ter. ; 
absol., ludustrla in agendo, Cic; male, bene, 

arc agere cum aliquo, to treat a person well 
or badly, Cic. ; nihil agere, Cic. ; id agere ut or 
lie, to give attention to, to do one's best; id agunt 
lit viri boni esse videantur, Cic. ; 3, of outward 
expression, a, of orators, to declaim, agere cum 
dignitato ac venustate, Cic. ; b, of actors, 
to pla 't, deliver, muiquam agit Ros- 

cius hune vcrsum co gestu quo potest, Cic; 
fabnlam, to piny in a piece (comedy), Cic. ; 
primas partes, to play leading parts, Ter. ; agere 
aliquem, to represent some character ; ministrum 
Imperatoris, Tac ; c, to express gratitude ; grates, 
Cic ; 4, a, of a festival, to keep; festos dies 
annlversarios, Cic ; b, to keep, observe, pacem, 
Sail.; c, t<> leeep watch, Sail. ; vigilias, Cic; 
d, to hold a meeting, to execute some function, 
; forum or conventuin, to hold the as- 

i'ic, Caes. ; esp., agere bellum, to have the 
conduct of a war, Liv. ; 5 a, to treat with ; ut 
agerem cum Lucccio de vestra vetere gratia recon- 

la agente Servilia, through the agency of 
Servilic, Cic ; b, in politics, to bring questions be- 
fore the senate or people for decision ; in senatu 
de aliqua re, Ov~; cum populo, Cic; nihil 
omnitio actum est de nobis, Cic ; agere causam 
alicuius, to take the side of some politician, Cic. ; 
c, in law, agere causam, to plead some one's cause, 
UC. ", absoL, agere, to bring an action, to sue; 
ex syngrapha, Cic. ; non cnim gladiis tecum si d 
litibtu agetnr, Cic.; used esp. with jure, and 
lege in hercditatem, Cic. ; with genit. 
of accusation, furti, Ut indict for theft, Cic. ; qua 
de re ogitur, the point at dispute, Cic. ; in quo 
agitur populi Romani gloria, is at stake, Cic.; 
acta res c-». or actum est, the transaction is 
finidied, so followed by dc, it is all over with ; 
acta nc neamuv, act vhev, it is too late, Cic Iin- 

perat.,-ngc, agite, used with duni, as an inter- 
jection, cornel well! good! Cic. 

agon -onis, m. (iynv), a contest in the public 
games, Plin., feuet. 

Agonalia -lum and -orum, n. the festival of 
Janus ; hence adj., Agonalis -e, relating to the 
Agonalia; Agonalis lux, the day of the Agonalia, 


Ayonia -orum, n. 1, the animals for sacri- 
fice ; 2, = Agonalia, Ov. 

agoranomus -i, in. (ayopavoixos), a market 
inspector in Greece, Plaut. 

agrarius -a -uni(ager), relating to land ; lex, 
law relating to the division of the public land, Cic ; 
res, the division of public lands, Cic. ; triumvir, 
the officer who presided over the division, Liv. 
Subst., agrarii -orum, in. the agrarian party, 
who proposed to distribute the public land 
among the people, Cic. ; agrarXa -ae, f. (se. 
lex), an agrarian law, Cic. 

agrestis -e (ager), relating to the fields or 
try. A. 1, wild; taurus, Liv.; 2, savage; 
vultus, Ov. B. 1, belonging to the country, 
rustic; hospitium, Cic; homo, Cic. Subst., 
agrestis -is, in. a countryman, Cic. ; 2, rough, 
boorish, clownish; servi agrestes et barbari, Cic. ; 
rustica vox et agrestis, Cic ; agrestiores, 
the muses of the courser, practical arts, e.g. elo- 
quence, opposed to mansuetiores Musae, e.g. 
philosophy, Cic. 

1. agricola -ae, m. (ager and colo), a titter 
of the fields, farmer ; agricola et pecnarius, Cic; 
deus agricola, Silvanus, Tib. ; caelites agricolae, 
the gods of the country, Tib. 

2. Agricola -ae, m. GnaeusJulius(40-Q3A.T>.') l 

father-in-law of Tacitus, governor ofUritain. 

agrlcultio -onis, f. = agricultura (q.v.). 
agricultor -oris, m. = agricola (q.v.). 
agncultura -ae, f. agriculture, Cic. 

u Agrigentum -i, n. (Gr. 'AKpayct? and Lat. 
Acragas), a flourishing Greek, town on the south 
coast of Sicily. Adj., Agrigentinus -a -um, 
and Acragantinus -a -um, Agrigentine. 

agripcta -ae, in. (ager and peto), a land- 
grabber, Cic. ; a settler or squatter, Cic. 

Agrippa -ae, m. I. Soman family name. 
A. Menenius Agrippa, the author of the fablo 
of the belly and the. members, by which he was 
said to have reconciled the plebeians and patri- 
cians, Liv. ii. 32. B. 1, -M. Vipsanius Agrippa, 
(63-12 B.C.), the friend and adviser of Augustus, 
whose niece, Marcella, and daughter, Julia, he 
successively married, a celebrated general and 
statesman, who adorned Rome with many large 
buildings. 2, Agrippa Postumus, son of the 
above, banished to Planasia by Augustus, said 
to have been murdered there at the beginning 
of Tiberius's reign. II. Name of two kings of 
the Jlerod family in Judaea, Herodes Agrippa I. 
and Herodes Agrippa II. 

Agrippina -ae, f. the name of several Soman 
women. I. A. daughter of M. Vipsanius Agrippa. 
by his first wife, wife of Tiberius. B. daughter 
of Agrippa by Julia, and wife of Germanicus, 
banished to Paudataria after her husband's deat h . 
II. The granddaughter of Agrippa, daughter of 
German ifus and Agrippina (f. B.), gen. known 
as Younger Agrippina, wife of her uncle, the 
Emperor Claudius, murdered by order of her 
son, the Emperor Nero ; hence Colonla Agrip- 
pinensis, a town of Germany (now Cologne), 
named in honour of Agrippina (II. ). 

AgyiCUS -Si or -Cos, in. ('Ayiutv';), surname oj 
Apollo, as protector of streets, Hor. 
Agy 11a -ae, f. ('Ayi'AAa), Greek, name of the 




Etruscan town Caere. Adj., a, Agyllinus -a 
-urn, relating toAgylla, urbs = Agylla, Verg. ; b, 
Agylleus -Sos, m. epithet of Apollo, who had a 
temple at Agylla, Hor. 

Agyrium -li, n, ('Ayvpiof), a town in Sicily, 
birth-place of the historian Diodorus, now S. Fi- 
lippo d'Argiro ; hence Agyrinensis -c, relating 
to Agyrium. 

ah, interj., o>i.' oh! 
" Ahala -ae, m., C. Servilius, the master of the 
horse under the dictator Cincinnatus, B.C. 430, 
who slew- Sp. Maelius. 

Aharna -ae, f. a town in Etruria, now Bar- 

Ahenobarbus, v. Doraitius. 

ai (<u), ah ! an interjection of grief, Ov. 

Alax -acis, m. (Aias), the name of two Homeric 
heroes: 1, Aiax Telamonius, son of Telamon, 
Icing of Salamis, who committed suicide because 
lie failed in the contest with Ulysses for the arms 
of Achilles ; 2, Aiax Oileus, king of the Locri. 

aiens -entis (partic. of aio), affii-malive, Cic. 

aio, defective verb. I. to say yes, to affirm 
(opp. nego), Plaut. II. to say, to assert, to state, 
Cic. ; ut aiunt, as the people say, Cic. ; quid ais? 
what is your opinion? Ter. ; ain', ais-ne, do you 
really mean it ? is it possible"? Cic. 

Aius Loquens or Aius Locutius, m. 
(aio and loquor), the speaker saying, i.e. the voice 
which is said to have warned the Romans of the 
coming of the Gauls, afterwards honoured as a 
god in a temple erected to it, Cic. 

ala -ae, f. (for ag-la, from ago). I. a wing; 
of birds, galli plausu premunt alas, Cic. ; of 
gods, hie paribus nitens Cyllenitis alis constitit, 
Verg. ; poet., of the oars of a ship, classis cen- 
tenis rciniget alis, Prop. ; or the sails, velorum 
pandimus alas, Verg. ; and to express anything 
swift, fulminis ocior alis, Verg. ; used of death, 
Hor. ; of sleep, Tib. II, Transf, A. the shoulders 
and armpits of a man; sub ala fasciculum port- 
are librorum, Hor. B. Milit. t. t., the cavalry 
(originally disposed on both sides of the legions 
like wings); a squadron (generally composed of 
allied troops), Cic. 

Alabanda -ae, f., and -orum, n. (i\ and to. 
'AKdpavSa), a town in Caria, near the Maeander, 
famous for its wealth and luxury, founded by 
Alabandus, son of Eurippus and Callirrhoe ; 
lience, 1, Alabandensis -e, belonging to Ala- 
banda; 2, Alabandeus -eos, m. born at Ala- 
banda. Plur. Gr. nom., Alabandis (AKa- 
Pav&els), the inhabitants of Alabanda, Cic. (Arabarches) -ae, m. ('AAo- 
P<ipX>)s), a magistrate of Arabia, a tax-gatherer, a 
nickname applied to Pompey, who largely increased 
the revenue by his Eastern conquests, Cic. 

alabaster -stri, m., and alabastrum -i, 

n. (aAd/Saorpos and -ov), 1, a pear-shaped per- 
fume casket, Cic. ; 2, a rose-bud, Plin. 

filacer -oris -ere and (rarely) alacris -c, 
adj. with compar. I. Gen., excited; multos 
alacres exspeetare quid statuetm-, Cic. II. 
quick, cheerful, lively; a, of men, Catilina alacer 
atquc laetus, Cic. ; with ad and the gerund, ad 
bulla suscipieuda Gallorum alacer et prompfus 
est animus, Caes. ; voluptas, Verg. ; b, of ani- 
mals, equus, Cic. 

alacritas -atis, f. (alacer), quickness, brisk- 
■ ness, eagerness, alacrity; 1, of men, quae alacritas 
civitatis fuit? Cic. ; with genit., reipublicae de- 
fendendac, Cic. ; ad and gerund, mira alacritate 
ad litigandum, Cic. ; 2, of animals, canuin tanta 
alacritas jn yenando, (% . - -^ 

Alamanni (Alamani, Algmanni) -orum, in. 
name of a German confederacy between the Danube 
and the llhine. 

Alani -Orum, m. a Scythian race, originally 
from the Caucasus. 

alapa -ae, f. a box on the ear, Juv. ; given by 
a master to his slave on the manumission of the 
slave ; hence, multo majoris alapae mecum ve- 
neunt, I sell freedom at a much higher price, 

alarms -a -um, and alaris -c (ala), belong- 
ing to the wings of aji army ; equites, Liv. ; co- 
hortes, Cic. ; hence alarii, allied troops, Caes. 
See ala II. B. 

alatus -a -um (ala), winged, Verg. 

alauda -ae, f. (a Keltic word), alark. I. Lit., 
Plin. II. Transf., the name of a legion formed by 
Caesar in Gaul, Suet. ; hence, the soldiers of the 
legion; Alaudae, Cic. 

alazon -onis, m. (AMfav), a braggart, boaster, 

Alba -ae, f. (connected with albus, aA<£os, 
alp, a high mountain). A. Alba Longa, the 
oldest Latin town, according to the legend built 
by Ascanius on a ridge of the Mons Albanus, 
the mother city of Home, said to have been 
destroyed by Tullus Hostilius ; hence, a, Al- 
banus -a -um, Alban ; mons, o holy mountain 
of the Latins (now Monte Cava); lacus, the lake at 
the foot of mons Albanus (now Lago di Albano); 
municipium, a later town, not far from the sitcyf 
Alba Longa; Albanum -i, n. (sc. praedium), 
name of the villa of l'onqyeius, and afterwards of 
Nero and Domitian; b, Albenses pbpirii, Vie 
people of L.atium, who Kept the feriae Latinae. 
B. Alba Fucentis or Albensiuiru, Alba, a town of 
fheMaxsi, afterwards a Roman colony, in Sam- 
ninm ; hence Albensis -e, belonging to Alba F. 

1. Albani, sc. Alba. 

2. Albani -orum, m. the Albanians, inhabit- 
ants of Albania ; hence, a, Albania -ae, f. a 
country on the west of the Caspian sea {nowDaghe- 
stan); b, Albanus -a -um, Albanian. 

albatus -a -um (albus), clothed in white, 

albeo, 2. (albus), to be white; membra in cum 
pallorem albentia ut, etc., Tac. ; albente coclo, 
at daybreak, Caes. 

albesco, 3. (albeo), to become white; albescens 
capillus, Hor. ; lux albescit, day dawjis, Verg. 

albiceratus -a -um, or albiceris -e, or 
albicerus -a -um, whitish yellow, Plin. 

albico, 1. (albus), 1, to make white, Vair. ; 2, 
to be white ; prata canis albicant pruiuis, Hor. 

albidus -a -um (albus), whitish, Ov. 

Albinovanus-i,m. I. C. PedoAlbinovauus, 
an epic poet, contemporary and friend of Ovid. 
II. Celsus Albinovanus, a secretary in Vie retinue 
of Tiberius, to whom Horace addressed one of his 

Albums -i, m. the name of a family of the 
Gens Fostumia. Aulus Postumius Albinus, con- 
sid 151 B.C., writer of a Roman history in Greek. 

Albion -onis, f. (from alb, i.e. high), the 
"high" country, oki name of Britain, from its 
cliffs, Plin. 

Albis -is, m. the Elbe, Tac. 

albitiido -inis, f. (albus), whiteness, Plaut. 

AlblUS -li, m. name of a Soman gens; 1, 
Albius Tibullus, the celebrated Roman elegiac 
poet; 2, Statius Albius Oppianious, of Jxiter- 
nium, whom Clucntius was accused of murdering; 
honce adj., AlbJcVnu.8. -a -lira, relating (o 41' 
Mhs, ■ 




albSr -oris, m. (albus), the white of an egg, 

albulus -a -urn (dim. of allms), whitish; 
Columbus, Cat.: freta, foaming, Mart.; hence 
as proper name, I. Albula-ae, f. (se. aqua), old 
im*m of the 'liber; Buviua Albiil.i quem nunc 
Tiberim vocant, Liv. II. Albula -ae, m. ami 
f., or Albulae aquae, or Albulae -arum, f. 
medici)ial springs near Tiber (Tivoli), now SoU 
fatara di Tivoli, or Acqua Zolfa. 

album -i, n., v. albus. 

Albunca -ae, f. a prophetic nymph to whom 
dedicated afountavi and grotto at Tibur. 

Alburnus -i, m. fi high mountain of T.u- 
cania, near Paestum (now Monte di 1'ostiglione). 

albus -a -um (root ALB, connected with 
<lA'i)d?), white, dead white (opp. candidus=ff2i«er- 
ing white). I. Adj., A. Lit., 1, white; eoui 
Liv. ; nnper in banc urbem pedibus qui venen 
albis, slaves who came to Rome with, feet chalked 
to show they were for sale, Juv. ; prow, alba 
avis, a white binl, a rarity, Cic. ; albis dentibus 
deridere, to laugh so as to show the teeth, i.e. 
heartily, Plaut. ; Alios albae galliuae, a lucky 
fellow, Juv. ; albis equis praecurrere, to siirpass 
greatly (referring to the triumphing general whose 
car was driven by a white horse), Hor. ; 2, 
grey ; barbs, Plaut. B. Esp., 1, pale ; albus ora 
pallor in'icit, Hor. ; 2, bright ; admisso Lucifer 
albus equo, Ov. ; so making bright; notus, Hor. ; 
and tig., fortunate; Stella, Hor. II. Subst, 
album -i, n. A. white colour; alba discernere et 
atra nun posse, Cic; esp., 1, white paint or 
cement; columnas albo polire, Liv. ; 2, a white 
... .' In the eye, Col. ; 3, album oculi, the white of 
the eye, Cels. ; 4, album ovi, the white of an egg, 
Cela. B. a white tablet, esp., 1, the tablet on 
which the pontifex maximus at A'omc pubildicd the 
events of the year, Cic. ; 2, album (practoris), the 
tablet on which, the praetor published his -edict; 
3, album senatoiium, the list of semtors, Tac ; 
album judicum, the jury-list, Suet. 

Alcaous -i, m. fAAxaio?), a Greet; lyric poet 
ofMytilene, flourishing about 610-60:; h.c. ; hence 
Alc&icus -a -um, metrum, a metre named after 

Alcamenes -is, m. ('AAKOfieVr;?), a sculpto 
scholar of Phidias, 

Alcathoo -e.s, f. CAAica9o>j), a. mountain in 
Megara v anted after Alcathous, poet, for the 
whole district of Megaris, Ov. 

Alcathous -i, m. ('.YAwoeoo;), sou of Pelops, 
rebnilder of Megara after it h<ul been destroyedby 
the Cretans; hence urbs Alcathoi, Megara, Ov. 

Alee -es, f. OAAkij), town of the Carpetani in 
HUpania Tarracoiunsis. 

alcedo -Inis, f. (=alcyo2i, <iA»cvwi<), the king- 
fisher, Tlaut. ; hence alcedonia -5rum, n. (sc. 
ttmpora). I. the fourteen days of winter, 
during which the kingfisher is hatching its <<j<j<, 
and the sea IMU believed to be cedm. II. Traiisf., 
quietness, adm, Plaut. 

alces -is, f. the elk, Caes. 

AlcestlS -tldis, f. am' Alceste -es f. CAAktjo- 
th or 'AAK7J<rTri), wife of Admelus, king of Phci ae, 
whose life she was said to have saved by dying for 
him, sent back to life by Proserpina, or, as in 
another legend, rescued from Hades by Hercules. 

Alceus -ei and -6o8, in. CAAk«u?), son of Per- 
seus, father of Amphitryon, grandfather of Her- 
c»lr< ; hence AlcidcB -ae, m. o descendant of 
Aliens, Hercules, V'crg. 

Alcibiadcs -is, m. (' AA«ei/9iaSi;f)- I. an 
Athenian, son nf denies, cousin of Pericles, pvpil 
of Socri't**. II, a Lacedaemonian living at the 
lime of the tear of the Romans with the Achaeane, 

Alcldamas -amis, m. ('AAi«Sa/, a Greek 
rhetorician of Elaca in Acolis, pupil of Gorgias. 

Alcimcdc -es, f. ('AAKi/xe'Sr;), daughter o) 
Autolysis, wife of Aeson, mother of Jason. 

Alcinous -i, in. ('AAkiVoo?), king of the Phaea- 
cians, the host of Odysseus, noted for his gardens 
and orchards, hence poma dare Alcinoo, to 
can-y coals to Newcastle, Ov. ; Alcinoi sylvae, 
orchards, Verg. ; juventus, luxurious young men, 

Alcmaeo and Alcmaeon, lengthened to 
Alcumaeo (Alcumco, Alcimeo) -6nis, in., and 
AlcumeilS -i, m. (AA/c^ai'ior). I. son of Am- 
phiarausand Eriphyle, who murdered his mother 
at the wish of his father and with the approval 
of the oracle, and was afterwards driven mad ; 
hence adj., Alcmaeonius -a -um. II. a 
Greek philosopher and physician of Crotona, pupiZ 
/ Pythagoras. 

Alcman -auis, m, ('AXk^clv), an old Greek poet 
of Sardis, in Lydia (circ. (370-1540 B.C.). 

Alcmena -ae, f., and Alcmene -es, f, 
lengthened to Alcumena -ae, f. CAXK^rjvn), 
wife of the Theban Amphitryon and mother of 
Hercules by Jujiiter. 

Alco and Alcon -onis, in. CAAkuji). I. a son 
of Atreus, Cic. II. a sculptor of Sicily, Ov. 
III. a shepherd, Verg. IV. a slave's name, Hor. 
V. a Sagunline, Liv. 

alcyon, alcyonia=alcedo, alcedonia (q.v.). 

Alcyone -es, f. ('AAKurfiij), daughter of 
Aeolus, who jumped into the sea on seeing her hus- 
band, Ceyx, drowned, and was changed with her 
husband into a kingfisher. 

(ilea -ae, f. 1, a game with die, hazard I 
luderc alea, Cic. : aleam cxercere, Tac. ; do alea 
condeiunatus (dice-playing being forbidden at 
Home by the Lex Titia et Publicia et Cornelia, 
except during the Saturnalia), Cic. ; 2, Transf., 
chance, risk, uncertainty ; rem in aleam dare, 
to risk, Liv.; subire, Cic; in dubiam imperii 
servitiique aleam ire, Liv. 

ale at or -oris, in. (alea), a dicer, hazard- 
player, Cic. 

aleatorius -a -um (aleator), relating to a 
Jcrr; damns, losses at play, Cic. 

alec (alloc) -ecis, n. a sauce prepared from 
fish, Hor., Plin. 

Alecto (Allecto), ace. -o, f. ('AAjjktco, or 
'AAAjjictiu), one of the three furies. (Only found 
in noni. and ace.) * 

ales, alltls (gen. pi. alituum, Verg.) (ala). 
I. Adj., winged. A. Lit., winged ; Pegasus, Ov. ; 
dcus, Mercury, Ov. ; puer, Cupid, Hoi-. B. 
Transf., swift, quick ; auster, Verg. ; passu alite, 
Ov. II. Subst, f. bird' (in. only in poetry), 
mostly of large birds; regia, the eagle, Ov. ; 
Phoebeius, the raven, Ov. ; Daulias, the night in- 
g<de, Ov. ; Junonia, the pcucock, Ov. ; imitatrix, 
rara, the parrot, Ov. ; sacer, the hawk, Verg.; 
cri.status, the cock, Ov. ; Palladis, the owl, Ov. ; 
Caystrius, the swan, Ov. ; ales Maeonii carmiiiis, 
a poet of Homeric strain, Hor. In augury, birds 
whose flight was examined (while oscines = 
birds whose note was observed), Cic. ; hence, 
poet., « sign, an omen ; so bona or seennda alite, 
with favourable omen, Hor. 

alosco. 3. (alo), to grow up, Lucr. 

Alesia -ae, f. town of the Mundtibii in Gallia 
Lugdunensis, now St. Peine d'Alise. 

Alesus, v. Halesus. 

Aletrium (Alatrlum) -ii, n. am old town of 
th' llernici in Lotium, afterwards a Roman 
colony _ and iminicipium. now Alalri; hence 
/Uettjnas -at is, relating toAlelrtvxn 

Ale 20 

Alevas -ae, in. ('A\eva<;),afoscenttanl of Her- 
tides who ruled in Larissa. 

Alexander -ili'i,in.('AA.;fai'(Spos). I.Mythol., 
Paris, son of Priam, king of Troy. II. Hist., 
1, Alexander of I'herae, tyrant in 1'hessaly from 
370-307 B.C. ; 2, Alexander, son of Neoptolemus, 
prince of the Molossi, uncle of Alexander the 
Great; 3, Alexander the Great (b. 350, d. 323 
b.o.), king of Macedonia, who. conquered the Per- 
sians and extended the Macedonian empire to Die 
Indus; hence A. Alexandria or -ea -ae, 
f. (A\e$di>Speia), name of several cities founded 
by Alexander, the most famous of which Was the 
Egyptian city, at tlie Canopic mouth of the Nile, 
capital of the kingdom of the Ptolemies. B. 
Alexandreus -a -urn. C. Alexandrinus 
-a -urn, belonging to Alexandria. 

alga -ae, f. 1, sea-weed, Hor. ; used for a 
thing of little worth; vilior alga, Hor. ; 2, the 
sea-coast, Juv. 

algens -tis(partic. of algeo), cold, cool, Plin. 

algeo, Mai, 2. to be cold, Jnv. ; transf., pro- 
bites laudatur et alget, i.e. is neglected. 

algesco, alsi, 3. (inch, of algeo), to become 
cold, Ter. 

1. algldus -a -nm (algeo), cold, Cat. 

2. Ale, dus -i> "I- (sc. mons), a range of 
■mountains in Latiurn, from Tusculum toPraeneste 
(now Monte Compatri) ; hence, a. Algid um -i, 
n. a town of the Aequi on one of the mountains in 
this range ; b, Algldus -a -um, belonging to 

algor -oris, m. (algeo). I. the sensation of 
cold, Sail. II. that which muses cold, frost, Lucr. 

algOSUS -a-um (alga), abounding in sea-weed, 
algus -us, m. = algor (q.v.). 
alia, adv. (alius), sc. via, by another way, Li v. 

alias (so. vices), adv. I. at another time, 
Cic. ; alias . . . alias, at one time . . . at another 
time, Cic. ; alius alias, one person at one time, 
another at another, Cic. II. Transf., 1, else- 
where, Cic. ; 2, non alias quani, on no other con- 
dition than, Tac. ; non alias nisi, not otherwise 
than, as if, Tac. 

alibi, adv. (alius), 1, elsewhere, at another 
place, Cic. ; alibi . . . alibi, here . . . there, Liv. ; 
alibi alius, one here, the otlier there, Liv. ; alibi 
atque alibi, noiv here, now there, Plin. ; 2, in 
other respects, Liv. 

alioa (halica) -ae f. 1, spelt, a kind of grain, 
Plin. ; 2, a drink prepared from spelt, Mart. 

alicarius (h&licarius) -a -um, belonging to 
spelt. Subst., a t alicarius -ii, m. one who 
grinds spelt; b, alicaria -ae, f. a prostitute; 
otie who sat before the spelt-mills, Plaut. 

ali'cubl, adv. (aliquis and ubi), anywhere, 
somewhere, Cic. 


alicula -ae, f. (<z\Ai|), a light upper garment, 

alicunde, adv. (aliquis and unde), from any- 
where, from somevihere, Cic. 

alienatio -onis, f. (alieno). I. Active, a 
transference or alienation of property ; sacrorum, 
transfer of Vie sacra gentilicia from one gens to 
'another, Cic. II. Middle, 1, mentis, mental 
alienation, loss of reason, Plin. ; 2. a separation, 
between persons, a desertion, enmity, alienation 
of feeling; tua a me alienatio, Cic. 

allenigena -ae, m. (alienus and gigno), 
ttrange, foreign ; hostis, Cic. Subst. , a foreigner; 
quid alienigenae de vobis loqui soleant, Cic 

alienlgonus -a -um (alienus and geno s 
gigno), of different elements, heterogeneous, Lucr. 

alieno, 1. (alienus), to make something an~ 
other's. I. Lit., A. to take away; USDS friictus 
Jam inihi haruiu aedium alienatus est, Plaut, 
B. 1, legal term, to transfer property ; vectl- 
galia, Cic. ; 2, to sell a child or slave to a new 
family, Liv. ; 3 t alicuius menteni, to cause a 
person to lose his reason; Junonis iraui oh 
spoliatuin templum alienasse menteni ferebant, 
Liv. ; oftener in pass., alienari, to go out of one's 
mind; niente alienata, Caes. ; velut alienatis 
sensilms, Plin. II. Transf., A. to remore 
from the mind, to banish; alienatis a memoria 
periculi anilllis, having forgotten danger, Liv. 
B. to estrange, put at variance; oinnes a se 
bonos, Cic. ; with dat., alienati Romanis, Liv. ; 
alienari ab inteiitu, to have a repugnance to, to 
shun, Cic. 

alienus -a -um, adj. with compar. and 
superl. (alius), that which belongs or relates to 
another (opp. mens, tuns, suiis, pioprius). I, 
Lit., A. Gen., domus, Cic. ; aes, debt, Cic. ; nom- 
ina, debts contracted in- the names of others, Sail. ; 
alienis niensibus aestas, the winter montlis, Verg. ; 
alieno vulnerc, a wound meant for another, Verg. 
Subst., alienum -i, n. another man's property, 
Cic. B. 1, not related (opp. propinquus) ; with 
dat, non alienus sanguine regibus, Liv. ; with a 
and the abl., alienissinius a Clodio, Cic. ; 2, 
foreign; domi atque in patria malleni, quani 
in externis atque alienis locis, Cic. Subst., 
alienus -i, m. a, a stranger, cives potlorea 
quani peregrini, propinqui quani alieui ; b, a 
foreigner, Plin. II. Transf., A. Of persons, 1, 
not at home in, not acquainted with, strange to; 
in physicis totus alienus est, Cic. ; 2. estranged, 
unfriendly ; with ab and the abl., ab tiliquo or 
ab aliqua re, Cic. ; with dat., homo inihi alien- 
issinius, Cic. B. Of things, unfavourable; 
alieno loco proclaim committere, in a disad- 
vantageous place, Caes. ; aliena verba, unsuit- 
able, Cic. ; non alienum est. followed by the 
infill., it is not out of plac* to,etc„ Cic. ; aliena 
loqui, to talk nonsense, Ov. ; with aband the abl., 
labor alienus nonab aetata solum nostra, veruni 
etiam a dignitate, Cic ; with simple abl., dig- 
nitate imperii, Cic. ; with dat., quod maxime 
huic causae est alienum, Cic. ; with genit, aliena 
firmae et constantis assensionis, Cic. ; with ad 
and the ace, ad coinmittendum proelium tempus 
alienum, Cic 

aliger.-gera -gerum (ala and gero), winged; 
amor, Verg. 

alimentarlus -a -um, relating to food; lex, 
with regard to a distribution of bread among the 
poor, ap. Cic. 

alimentum -i, n. (alo), 1, food (gen. used in 
the plural) ; alhnenta corporis, Cic. alimenta 
arcu expedire, to get food by the bow, Tac. ; used 
of fire, ignis, Liv. ; transf., seditionis, Tac. ; 2, 
maintenance, hence (like Gr. Tpo<f>e?a), the return 
due by children to their parents for Vieir bring- 
ing up, Cic. 

alimonium -ii, n. (alo), nourishment, Tac. 

alio, adv. (alius), to another place. I. Lit, 
si otfendet me loci celebritas, alio me conferain, 
Cic. ; alius alio, one in this direction, the oilier 
in that, Cic. II. Transf., 1, to another person; 
quo alio nisi ad nos socios confugerent, Liv. ; 2. 
for anotlier end; nusquam alio natus quam au 
serviendum, born only for slavery, Liv. ; 3, to 
another object; si placet sermonem alio trans- 
ferenms, to another topic, Cic 

ftlioqui (alloquTn), adv. (alius and quo! or 
qui, alius and quoine or quine). I. 1, otlier- 
wise, in other respects, introducing an exception ; 
nunc pudore a fuga contineri, alioquin pro victis 
haberl, Liv.; 2, concessive, triumphatuin de 
Tilmrtibus, alioquin mitis victoria fuit, Liv. XL 


ail i 

ytt, besides, vwreover, else, in general ; Caesar 
>..,i. Ins alioqttln spernendla honorlbus, Tac. 

ftltorsum .'I'i'l allorsus, adv. (contr. from 
blinvorsltiii (alioveranm) and allovorsus (nlioYcr- 

si:-), 1, in vnvther direction, elsewhere; mater 
aneillas Juliet aliani aliorsum ire, in different 
directions, Plant. ; 2, in another manner, Ter. 

alfpes -pedis (aia and pes), 1, having wings 
on the feet; dens, or absol., Mercury, Ov. ; 2, 
swift of font ; equi, Verg. Subst., alipedes, 
horses, Verg. 

Aliphera -ae, f. ('A.\^J>>jpa or 'AXtyupa), a 
town of Arcadia not far from the border of Elis. 

alipta -ae, m., and aliptcs -ae, m. (dXciV- 
ti)?), the anointer in the wrestling-school or the 
l<tths; hence the master of the wrestling school, 

iiliqua (aliquis), adv. I. by some road; evol- 
are, tic. II. in some imy ; uocere, Verg. 

allquamdiu, adv. (aliqni and diu), for a 
inotlenttely long time, Cic. 

aliquammultus or aliquam (sc. par- 
tem) multus -a -urn (aliqui and mnltiis), con- 
tiderable in number or quantity, a jyretly good 
wany ; vestrum aliquam nmlti, Cic. 

aliquando, adv. (aliquis). I. 1, at any 
time, ut some time, ones; sero, verum aliquando 
tanion, Cic. ; si forte aliquando, if by clianceever, 
Cic.; 2, once; dicendum aliquando est, Cic.; 
3 sometimes, occasionally; scribe aliquando 
o<l nos quid agas, Cic. II. at times, on some 
in ; aliquando . . . aliquando, at times 
. . . at timet, Cic. 

aliquantillus -a -nm (dim. of aliquantus), 

v it , i I, (tic. Plant. 

aliquantispor, adv. (aliquantus and per), 
ierately long time, Plant. 

aliquanto, aliquantum, v. aliquantus. 

aliquantillus -a -um (dim. of aliquantus), 

little, small. Adv., aliquantulum, a little, Cic. 

Aliquantus -a -um (alius and quantus), 
vimlrmte, not small; timor aliquantus, spea 
amplior, Sail. Subst., aliquantum -i, n. a 
g,,,*l deal • nuinmomni, Cic. ; temporis, Liv.; ace. 
aliquantum and abl. aliquanto, considerably, 

* mewhat ; qui processlt aliquantum advirtutis 
aditnm, haa made considerable progress towards, 
< lie. ; epulamur intra legem et quidem aliquando, 
r -t sparingly, Cic. ; esp. with comparative, ali- 

• i n;tii t ■ > majorem locum oceuparis, Cic. ; ali- 

post ur ante, some thne after or before, 

aliquatcnus, adv. (sc. parte; from aliquis 
and tonus), to a certain degree, in some measure, 


aliqui, aliquae. allquod (alius and qui), some, 

any; 1, mosc, dolor aliqui, Cic; aliqui ex 

. Cae'g, ; 2, fern., aliquae res, Lucr. j 3, 

nent., simulacrum uliquod, Cic. (For other 

cases see aliquis.) 

aliquis, aliqua, allquid, pron. indef. (alius- 
quis), some one, something, any one, anything. I. 
Gen., 1, used by Itself, a, subst., qnisquia est 
ille, si modo aliquis, if he be any one at all, Cic. ; 
b, adj., aliquis dens, Cic; aliqnS republics, if 
only the state is in existence at all, Cic. ; 2, 
strengthened by alius, allquid aliud videbimna, 
Cic. ; 3, by nuns, aliquis unus plnresvc divi- 
tiores, Cic. ; 4, partitive with ex, aliquis ex 
vobis, Cic. ; 5, like the Gr. n; (Engl, some), to 
express an unascertained number, trea aliqni ant 
quatnor, Cic. ; 0, allquid with gom't. of a subst, 
or ailj., allquid virium, Cic. ; falsi nllqiltd, Cic. ; 
7, with ailj., ali(|uiil dlvinum, Cic. ; 8, with si 
or nisi, ace. aliquid, in any respect; m in me 

) all 

aliquid offendistis, Cic. II. Esp., 1, seme per- 
son or other ; dixcrit hie aliquis, Cat. ; 2, some- 
body or something great or significant; si jnnio 
aliquid assequi so putant, Cic. ; hence, a, esse 
aliquem or aliquid, to be somebody, to be some- 
thing, Cic. ; est aliquid nupsisse Jovi, Ov. ; b, 
dicere aliquid, to say something weighty, Cic. ; 
Vestorio aliquid significes, say something agree- 
able, Cic. 

aliquo, ail v. (aliquis), some or any whither; 
aliquem secum rus aliquo educere, in some direc- 
tion or other, Cic. ; aliquo concedere ab eoruin 
oculis, Cic 

aliquot, numer. indef. indecl., some, several ; 
aliquot epistolae, Cic. ; aliquot diebus ante, Cic. 

aliquoties, adv. (aliquot), several times; 
aliquoties ex aliquo audisse, Cic. 
alls, alid, old form of alius, aliud. 

alitor, adv. (from alis = alius), 1, otherwise, 
in another way ; uon fuit faciendum aliter, Cic. ; 
alius aliter, in different ways, Cic. ; in compari- 
sons, aliter. . . atque, aliter rein cecidisse atque 
opinatus sis, in a different way from what you ex- 
pected, Cic. ; so alitor . . . quam, Cic. ; alitor. . . 
atque lit, Cic. ; non (or hand) alitor . . . quam 
si, quam quum, ac si, just as, Ov. ; non alitor 
. . . nisi, Cic. ; quod certe sciolonge aliter esse, 
is far from being the case, Cic. ; aliter evenire, 
to happen differently, Sail. ; 2, otherwise, else ; 
jus semper est quaesitum aequabile ncque enim 
alitor jus esset, Cic. 

aliubi, adv. (alius and ubi), elsewhere, Plin. 

aliunde, adv. (alius and undo), from some 
other direction; alii aliunde coibant, from dif- 
ferent directions, Liv. ; aliunde quam, from a 
different direction from, Cic. ; aliunde . . . ali- 
unde, Liv. 

alius -a -ml (genit. alius), another, other. I. 
Lit., A. Gen., 1, distributively, one, another; 
aliud est maledicerc, aliud accusare, Cie. ; alii 
. . . alii, some . . . others, Cic. ; also, alii . . . 
reliqui, Cic. ; alii . . . quidam, Liv. ; alii . . . 
pars, Sail, ; alii . . . alii quidam, Cic. ; aliud 
alio melius, one is better tlian the. oilier, Cic. ; alius 
alia via, the one in this way, the other in that, 
Liv. ; alius ex alio, Cic. ; super alium, Liv. ; 
postalium, one after another, Sail. ; alius atque 
alius, now this, now that, Cie. ; 2 } followed by ac, 
atque, et, after a negative by nisi, quam, praetor, 
or the abl.; t x longe alia estsolis et lychnoruni, 
there isa great difference between the light of the 
snn and of (amps, Cic. ; alius essoin atque nunc 
sum, Cic. ; nee quidquam aliud philosophia est 
praetor studium sapientiae, Cic. ; nee quidquam 
aliud libertate quaesisse, anything else but liberty, 
Cie. ; tribunatus Scstii nihil aliud nisi meum 
nomen causamque sustinuit, Cic. ; 3, plur., 
alia, subst., si alia desint, Liv. ; ace. plur., 
alia, in other respects ; alia clarus, Tac; 4, aliud, 
subst. with genit., aliud coiinnodi, Cic. B. Esp., 
1 ? of auguries, alio die, si unus augur alio die 
dixerit, if an augur pronounces the word "on 
another day," i.e. postpones the comitia on the 
a round of unfavourable omens, Cic. ; 2, of another 
■lature, different ; alium faeere, to change, trans- 
form, Plant. ; alium fieri, to be transformed, Cic. ; 
in alia omnia ire, discedere, transire, to dissent 
from, a proposition, be of a contrary opinion (in 
the Roman senate), Cie. II. Transf., 1, the rest; 
I)i\1tiaeo ex aliis (Gallis) maximam fldem habe- 
1 , Caes. ; 2, = alter, one of two; alius Ario- 
vistua, a second Ariovistus, Tac. ; duo Roman! 
super alium alius corruerunt, Liv. 

aliusmodi (alius and modus), of another 
kind, Cie. 

allabor -lapsus, 3. to glide to, come to, flow 
to; angues duo ex occulto allapsi, Liv. ; with 




dat. ami ace, antiquis allabimur oris, we land 
vn, Verg. ; lama allabitur aures, Verg. 

allabovo (ad-laboro), 1. to labour at, Hoi'. 

allacrYmo (ad-lacrimo), 1. to weep at, Verg. 

allapsus -us, in. (allabor), a gliding ap- 
proach, II or. 

allatro (ad-l.uro), 1. to hark at; fig., to rail 
at; magnitudinem Africani, Liv. 


allaudo, 1. to praise, Plant. 

allec, v. alec. 

allecto (allicio), 1. to entice, Cic. 

allectus -a -urn (partic. of 2. allcgo), plur., 
members elected into any collegium, Varr. ; under 
the empire, persons raised by the emperor to a 
higher rank, Plin. 

allegatio -onis, f. (1. allego), re sending of a 
person on, a mission; quum sibi omnes ad iatum 
allegationcs ditftciles viderent, Cic. 

allegatus, abl. -u, m. (1. allcgo), instiga- 
tion, Plant. 

1. allego (ad-lego), 1. I. A. to send on private 
business, to commission (lego of state business) ; 
aliqucm ad aliqucm or alicui, Cic. ; patrem allo- 
gandofatigare,6j/send£?ij messages, Cic. ; allcgati, 
deputies, Cic. B. to instigate, to suborn, Ter. 
II. Transf., to adduce or allege in excuse; nmneia, 
preces, mandata regis sui Scyrotheinidiallegant, 

2. allego (ad-lego) -legi -lectum, 3. to choose, 
to elect ; de plebe omnes, Liv. ; with in and the 
ace, aliquem in senatuin, Suet. 

allevamentum -i, n. (allevo), a means of 
alleviation, Cic. 

allevatio -onis, f. A. Lit., a lifting tip, 
Quint. B. Transf., alleviation; doloris, Cic. 

allevo (ad-levo), I. A. Lit, to lift -up, to 
erect; circumstantium humeris, Tac. B. Transf., 
toligliten, to alleviate; sollicitudines, Cic; pass., 
allevari, to be cheered; allevor, quum loquor 
tecum absens, Cic. 

Allia (Alia) -ae, f. river in Latium,. flawing 
into the Tiber, near which the Romans were de- 
feated by the Gauls, b.o. 389; infaustum Alliae 
nomen, Verg. Adj., Alliensis -c. 

alllccfacio, 3. to entice, Sen. 

allicio -lexi -tectum, 8 (ad and *laeio), to al- 
lure, entice, draw to oneself; ad so alliccre etattra- 
here ferritin (of the magnet), Cic. ; tig., oratione 
benigna multitudinis animos ad beuevolentiani, 

allido -lisi -lisum, 3. (ad and laedo). A. Lit., 
to strike against, dash against ; allidi ad scopulos, 
Caes. B. Transf., allidi, to suffer danuige ; in 
quibus (damnationibus) Servius allisus est, Cic. 

Allifae -arum, f. a town of the Samnites on 
the left bank of the Vulturmis, now Alife in tho 
Terra di Lavoru ; hence Allifanus -a -urn, 
■relating to Allifae. Subst, Alllfana -Oram, 
n. (sc. pocula), earthenware drinking-vesscls of 
some si:e, Hor. 

alllgo (ad-llgo), 1. to tie to, bind to. I. Lit., 
A. Gen., aliquem ad palum, bind a criminal to 
the stake for punishment, Cic. B. Esp., 1, 
{o make fast; unco dente velut maim ferrca iu- 
jecta alligavit alterius proram, Liv. ; unco nou 
alligat (naves) ancora morsu, Verg. ; 2, to bind 
by a fastening, a, of a wound, vulnus, Cic. ; b, 
of fetters, Tac. II. Transf., A. Gen., to fetter, 
bind; videas civitatis voluntatem solutani, vjr- 
tutem alligatam, Cic. ; tristi palus inainabilis 
anda alligat, confines, imprisons, Verg. B. Esp., 
1, to bind by friendship or obligations ; lion inodo 

beneficio sed etiam benevolentia alligari, Olc. i 

2, in rhet., of tho constraints of metre, ut verba 
neque alligata sint quasi ccrttt lege versus, Cic. ; 

3, to bind by promise, oath, etc. ; lex omnes 
mortales alligat, Cic. ; sacris alligari, to pledge 
oneself t<> perform the sacra gentilicia, Cic. ; alll- 
garo sc scclerc, to become an accomplice in a 
crime, Cic. ; alligatus, implicated or involved in 
a crime, Cic. 

allino (ad-lino) -levi -litum, 3. to smear on, or 
over, to bedaub, Cic. 

allium -i, n. garlic, Plin. 

Allobroges -urn, m. the Allobrogcs, a Gallic 
2>eo2)le between the Rhone and the I sere, ; noin. 
sing., Allobrox, Hor. ; Ciceronein Allobroga 
(Le. speaking bad Latin) dixit, Juv. Adj., 
Allobrogicus -a -tun, as a surname of Q. 
Fabius Maximus, conqueror of the Allobrogcs. 

allocutio -onis, f. (alloquor), an address, a 
speaking to, Plin. 

alloquium -i, n. (alloquor), exhortation, en- 
couragement, consolation; benigni voltils et allo- 
quia, Liv. ; alloquio firmare militeni, Tac. 

alloquor sum, 3. to address, exhort, 
encourage, Cic. ; aliqucm benigne, leniter, Liv.; 
patriam lnacsta voce ita lniscritcr, Cat. 

alliibesco, 3. inch, (ad and lubet), to begin 
to please, Plant. 

allucco -luxi, 2. to shine at, or upon; Fortuna 
faculain tibi allucet, offers thee a favourable op- 
portunity, Plant. 

alludo (ad-ludo) -lusi -lusum, .3. 1, to jest 
at, to sport with ; Galba alludens varie etcopiosc, 
Cic; 2, of waves, to play or dash upon; alia- 
dentibus undis, Ov. ; quae fluctus salis allude- 
bant, Cat." 

alluo (ad-luo) -tii, 3. to wash; used of the sea, 
alluuntur a mari nioenia, Cic. ; fig., Massilia 
quum barbariae fluctibus alluatur, exposed to 
barbarians, Cic 

alluvlcs -ei, f. (alluo), a pool caused by the 
overflow of a river, Liv. 

alluvio -onis, f. (alluo), alluvial land, earth 
deiwsited by water, Cic. 

Almo -onis, m. a small brook on the south side 
of Rome, now A quaiaccio. 

almus -a -uin (alo), nourishing ; ager, Verg. ; 
fair, gracious, propitious, kind; Venus, Hor. 

alnus -i, f. the alder. I. Lit., Plin. II. 
Meton., a ship of ulderwooil, Verg. 

alo, illui, altum and aiituin, 3. to nourish, 
support. I. Lit., A. Of living things, 1, to rear ; 
altus cducatusque inter anna, Liv. ; 2, to keep; 
ansercs in Capitolio, Cic. ; magnum nunierum 
equitatus suo suniptu, Caes. ; se alere or ali, 
with abl., or ex and the abl., to support oneself; 
se suosnne latrociniis, to live by brigandage, 
Caes. B. Of things, 1, of land, etc., to provide 
means of existence; cum agellus eum non satis 
alere t, Cic ; venatus viros pariter ac feminas 
alit : Tac. ; 2, of tho earth, to nourish; tellus 
huniida majores herbas alit, Verg. ; 3. to support; 
a, plants, gramen erat circa quod proximus 
humor alebat, Ov. ; b, of rivers, amnis indues 
qucm super notas aluero ripas, have swollen, 
Hor. ; idem (Libanus mons) amnem Joidaiwmi 
alit funditque, Tac ; c, of fire, llammas, Ov. ; 4, 
of tho means that support tho body, to give 
strength to; otia corpus alunt, Ov. II. Transf.', 
to increase, promote, advance; houos alit artes, 
Cic. ; ho.ssuccossus alit, encourages, Verg. ; civi- 
tatem, promote the good of the stale, Caes. : alere 
spein mollibus sentcntiis, Cic.r" " 

aloe -es, f. (aKpr)), the aloe; transf., bitter' 
nets; plus aloes quam mellis liabet, Juy. 




Aloeus-Pi, m. CAAueu'?), a giant, son of Nep- 
tune, Aloidac ■arum, m. tons of Alorus (Ottts 
uuil Kphialtes), ijiaiits who trfftl to storm heaven. 

Aloidae -arum, in. ('ASuei&ai), v. Aloeus. 

Aldpe -es, f. ('AAdnij), a tou<n in Opuntian 

Alpes -Tn in, f. (Keltic alb, alp = height, high 
mountain), the Alps; hence A. Alpinus -a 

•inn. B. AlpiCUS -a -inn, Alpine. 

alpha, bidecl. n. (uA^a), the name of the first 
letti i in the Greek alphabet, Juv. ; pro v., the first, 

Alpheus -i, in. ('AA"J>e«A), the principal river 
of the Peloponnesus jiowing through Klis to the 
sea ; the river-god Alpheus was said to have 
ilived under thu sea in pursuit of the nymph 
Arethiisa, ami to havo come up in Sicily ; hence 
Alpheias -;Vlis, f. surname of the nymph 
Arethiisa. Adj., Alpheus -a -um, belonging 
to the river Alpheus, Yerg. 

Alsium -ii, n. one of the oldest towns in 
Etrvrta (now the village Palo), near which 
Ponipeitis had an estate ; hence adj., Alsl- 
ensls -e, belonging to Alsium, villa (of Pompeius), 
Cic. Subst, Alsicnsc -is, n. (sc. praedium), 
the estate of Pompeius, Cic. 

alsius (alsus) -a -nm, frosty, cold, Lucr., Cic. 

altanus -i, m, a S.W. wind, Suet. 

altaria -Iuin, n. (altus). I. the slab upon the 
altar (ara), on which the fire is lighted, Quint. 
II. a high altar; ecce duas tibi, Daphui, duas 
altaria Phoebo, Yerg. ; an altar, Cic. 

nlte, adv. (altus). I. on high, highly. A. Lit., 
cadere, from a height, Cic. B. Transf., speetare, 
to have high aims, Vic. II. deeply. A. Lit., sulcus 
altius impressus, Cic. B. Transf., quod verbuin 
in Jugurthae pectus altius qnani quisquain 
ratus erat descendit, Sail. ; petere, to seek far 
and wide, Cic. ; altius perspicere, to see farther, 

alt£r -t?ra -terum (genit., alteYIus, in poetry 
also altering; dat., altcri), one of two, the 
ojk>, the other. I. Lit., A. Gen., consilium alter, 
Liv. ; niter . . . alter, the one . . . the other; 
so alter . . . ille or hie. or iste, or a subst. ; in 
plur., alteri diinicant, alteri victorem timent, 
Cic. ; with the second alter in n different case. 
niter alterius ova frangit, Cic. B. F.sp., 1, alter 
ambove, S. E. V., a form in the senate, one of the 
consuls, or both, si eis videbitur, Cic. ; 2, the 
second ; fortunate puer, tu nunc oris alter ab 
lllo, you will be second to him, Verg. ; units et 
alter dies, one or two, Cic. ; 3, used appellnt, 
another, a second; me sicut alteram parcntem 
diligit, a second iiarent, Cic. ; tainquam alter 
idem, a second self, Cic. ; 4, the, other, i.e. the 
opposite ; ripa, Caes. ; pars, the opposite faction, 
Cic. ; qnoties te speculo videris alteram, changed, 
Hor, II. Transf., another, in the sense of ynur 
■neighbour, fellow creature; qui nihil alterius 
causa facit, Cic. 

altcrcatfo -onis, f. (altercor), 1, a, dispute, 
virangllng, debate ; ma<'na non disceptatio niodo, 
sed etiam altercatio, Liv. ; 2. lcgnl t. t., cross- 
examination In a court of justice, Cic. 

altorcator -oris, m . (altercor), a disputant, 

altercor, 1, dep. (alter), to dispute, contend in 
words, quarrel. I. Gen., A. Lit, nltcrcnri cum 
ftliquo, Caes. B. Transf., poet., nltercante 
libidinibus pavore, contending with, Hor. II. 
Legal t. t. to cross-examine, to cross-riueslion ; in 
altercando invenlt parem neminem, Cic. 

alterno, 1. (alternus). x. Trans., to do first 
one thing, then another ; fldeni, make at one time 
tredible, at another not, Ov. ; vices, Ov. II, 

Intrans., A. Lit. to change; 5111 alternantM 
magna vi proclia niiscent, changing sides, Verg; 
B. Transf., to hesitate; haec alternanti potior 
sententla visa est, Yerg. 

alternus -a -um (alter). I. one after the 
other, by turns, alternate, interchanging ; ser- 
mones, dialogue, Ilor.; versions, in alternate song, 
Verg. ; alteriii metus, mutual fear, Liv. ; alterno 
pede terrain quatiiint, first -with one foot then with 
another, Hor., altenia loqui cum aliquo, to hold 
a conversation with, Hor. II., A. Of metre, 
elegiac verse, where hexameter and pentameter 
alternate ; pedes alternos esse oportebit, Cic.; 
canero alterno carmine, Ov. B. Legal 1. 1., reji- 
cere alterna consili.i or alternos judices (of 
plaintiff and defendant), to challenge a number 
of jurors, Cic. 

alteriiter, alterutra (altera utra), alter- 
utrum (alteram utrum); genit, alterutrins, 
one of two, Cic. 

Althaea -ae, f. ('A\9 a (a), wife of Oeneus, 
king of Calydon, mother of Meleager. 

alticinctus -a -um (altus and cingo), high 
girt ; hence busy, Phaedr. 

altilis -e (alo). A. Of domestic animals, fat- 
tened, fed up; hence subst, altilis, f. (sc. avis), 
a fowl, Hor. B. Transf., rich, Plant. 

altisonus -a -um (alte and sono). I. sounding 
from on high; Jnppitcr, Cic. II. Transf., high- 
sounding, sublime; JIaronis altisoni carmina, 

altitonans -tis, thundering from on high, 

altitude -Inis, f. (altus). I. height. A. Lit, 
niontinm, Cic. B. Transf., sublimity ; orationis, 
Cic. II. depth. A. Lit., fluminis, Caes. B. 
Transf., altitudo animi, secrecy, reserve, Cic. 

altiusculus -a -um (dim. of altius), a little 
too higli, Suet. 

altivolans -antis (altus and volo), flying 
high, Lucr. 

altor -oris, in. (alo), a nourishcr, a foster- 
father; omnium rernm seminator et sator et 
parens, ut ita dicam, atque educator et altor 
est nnindus, Cic. 

altrinsecus, adv. (alter and secus), on the 
other side, Plaut. 

altrix -Icis, f. (altor), a nurse, foster-mother ; 
terra altrix nostra, Cic. 

altrovorsum, adv. (alter and versus), on the 
other side, Plaut. 

altus a -um (ulo), I. high. A. Lit... Cic, 
Caes. ; with pcc. of measure, signnni septem 
pedes altum, Liv. Subst., altum -i, n. height ; 
a, aeditlcia in altum edita, Tnc. ; b, esp., the 
height of the heavens; ab alto, Vcrg. B. Transf., 

I. of position, altior dignitatis gradus, Cic. : 2, 
or the voice, shrill; altiore voce, Quint. ; 3, of 
gods and exalted persons, Apollo, Verg. ; Caesar, 
Hor. ; Aeneas, high-born, Verg. ; 4, of speech, ele- 
vated ; nimis nltam et exaggeratam (orationeni), 
Cic; 5, of character or intellect, < lofty ; te 
natura excelsum quendani et altum genuit, Cic. ; 
vultus, a lofty fiiien, Hor.; 6, ancient; altior 
memoria, Cic. ; aliquid ex alto petere, Verg. 

II. deep. A, Lit., flumen, Caes. ; with ace of 
measure, quinquaginta cubita altum mare, 
Plin. Subst, altum -i, n. depth, esp. the deep 
sea ; in portum ex alto provehi, Cic. B. Transf., 
1, of quiet, etc., deep; soninus nltus, Liv. ; 2, 
deep-seated ; pavor, Taa. ; 3, secret ; si nltior istis 
subprecibus venia ulla latet, Verg. ; 4, depth (at 
mind); ex alto dissimulare, to dissimulate pro- 
foundly, Ov. 

alucinatlo-onis, f. (alucinor), hallucination! 
delusion, Sen. 




alucinor, 1. dep. (connected with aAi/'w), to 
wander in. mind, dream, to talk idly ; ego tamen 
slispicor, hune, ut solet, alucinari, Cic. 

alumna -ae, f., v. alumnus. 

alumnus -a -urn (alo), a nursling, a foster- 
son. I. Masc, A. Lit., child of a country, in- 
habitant, Verg. ; Italia aluinnujn suum videret, 
Cic; sutrinae tabernae, a cobblet, Tac.; legionum, 
brought up in the camp, Tac. ; of animals, parvi 
alumni, the young of the flock, Hor. B. Transf., 
pupil, disciple; Platonis, Cic. ; fig., ego, ut ita 
dicani, pacis alumnus, Cic. II. A. Fein., foster- 
child ; nostra haee alumna et. tna profecto filia, 
Plant. ; aquae dulcis alumnae, frogs, Cic. poet. 
B. Transf., bene constitutae civitatis quasi 
alumna quaedam eloquentia, Cic. III. Neut., 
mmien alumnum, Ov. 

Aluntium (Haluntluin) -Ii, n. ('AAouyTtoO, 
a town on the north coast of Sicily, now Caronia. 
Adj., Aluntmus -a -urn. 

aluta, -ae, f. a kind of soft leather, Caes. ; 
hence, ineton., 1, ashoe, Ov. ; 2, apurse, Juv. ; 

3, an ornamental patch, Ov. 

alvearium -ii, n. a beehive, Verg. 

alveatus -a -urn (alveus), hollowed like a 
trough, Cato. 

alveolus -i, in. (dim. of alveus), 1, a little 
hollow, a tray, trough, bucket, Juv., lav. ; 2, « 
gaming board, Cic. 

alveus -i, in. (connected witli alo), a hollow, 
av excavation ; 1, a trough, Liv.; 2, a boat, Verg. ; 
the hold of a ship, Sail. ; 3, a, Ov. ; 

4, the led of a stream; quia sicco alveo transiri 
poterat, Liv. ; 5, a beehive, Tib. ; vitiosae ilicis 
alveo, the hollow of a tree in which bees settled, 
Verg. ; 6, a gaming-table, Plin. 

alvus -i, f. (alo). I. the belly. A. Lit, pur- 
gatio alvi, Cic. B. Transf., 1, the womb, Cic; 
2, the stomach, Cic II. the hold of a ship, Tac 
III. a bee-hive, Plin. 

Alyattes -is or -ei, m. ('AAuarnjs), king of 
Lydia, father of Croesus. 

Alyzia -ae, f. ('AAvfia), a small town ofAcar- 
nania, with a temple of Hercules, now Porto 

amabilis -e (amo), amiable, lovable; ama- 
bilior mihi Velia rait, quod te ab ea amari sensi, 
Cic. ; amabile carmen, lovely, Hor. 

amabilitas -atis (amabilis), amiableness, 

amabiliter, adv. (amabilis), 1, amiably, 
Hor. ; 2, lovingly, Cic. 

Amalthea -ae, f. ('AfjidXBeia), a nymph, the 
nurse of Jupiter in Crete, according to others, the 
goat on the milk of which Jupiter was reared ; 
the cornu Auialtheae or Copiae was placed among 
thestars ; hence Amalthea -ae, f., and Amal- 
theum or Amalthium -i, n. a sanctuary of 
Amalthea, in Epirus, near to the estate of Atticus. 

amandatio -onis, f. (amando), a sending 
away, Cic. 

amando, 1. to send auvy, to send to a dis- 
tance; aliquem Lilybaeum, Cic. ; transf., nntura 
res similes procul amandavit a sensibus, Cic. 

amans -antis, p. adj. (amo), 1, loving, fond, 
affectionate. I. Adj., A. Lit., pater amantissi- 
mus, Cic. ; with gen., amantissimus reipublicae, 
Cic. B. Transf., of things, inea fidelissima atque 
amantissima consilia, Cic. II. Subst, c. a lover, 

amanter, adv. (amans), lovingly, Cic. 

Amantia -ae, f. ('A/min-ia), atown in Ilhir'm, 
now Nivitza; hence Amantiani -nrii'i: 
the inhabitants of Amnntia. 

amanuensis -is, m. = a mahu servus, n 
secrelilry, clerk, Suet. 

Amanus -i, m. ("A/iacos), a range of moun- 
tains in Asia Minor, dividing Cilicia from Syria 
(now Alma Dagh); hence Amanierises -tarn, 
m. the mountaineers of Mount Amanus. 

amaracinus -a -urn, made of marjoram. 
Subst., amaracinum -i, n. (sc. unguentiun), 
marjoram ointment, Lucr. 

amaracus -i, c, and amaracum -i, n. 
(afidpcLKos), marjoram, Verg. 

amarantus -i, in. (a.^apavTos, unfading), the 
amaranth, Ov. 

amare, adv. (amarus), bitterly, Sen. 

amaritudo -Inis, f. (amarus). I. Lit, bitter- 
ness of taste, Varr. II. Transf., a, that which is 
bitter, unpleasant, Plin. ; b, in rhet, vocis, on 
excessive vehemence, lutrshness of voice, Quint. 

amaror -oris, m. (amarus), bitterness, Lucr., 

amarus -a -uni, bitter. A. Lit.,1, of taste, 
Cic. ; 2, of smell, pungent ; fumus, Verg. ; 
B. Transf., 1, disagreeable, unpleasant; his- 
toriae, tedious, Hor. ; curae, Ov. Neut plur., 
amara -Drum, what is unpleasant, Hor. ; 2, 
■irritable, susceptible; ainarioreni me senectus 
facit, Verg. ; 3, of speech, biting, acrimonious ; 
lingua, Ov. 

Amaryllis -Wis, ace. -Ida, f. OAMopuAAi'O 
name of a shepherdess. 

AmarynthlS -idis, f. surname, of Diana, from 
Amarynthos, a place in Euboea where Diana 
was worshipped. 

Amasenus -i, m. a river in Latium, now 

AmaslS.acc-iin, abl. -i, -e, or-Ide, m. ("A/xa- 
o-is), one of the Egyptian Diaraohs. 

amasius -Ii, m. (amo), a lover, Plaut. 

Amastris -Idis, f. ("A^ao-Tpis), a town in, 
Paphlagonia, now Amasserah ; hence Amas- 
triacus -a -urn, belonging to Amastris; orae, 
coasts of Pontus, Ov. 

Amata -ae, f. myth., wife of king Latinus, 
mother of Lavinia. 

Amathus -untis, f. ('A^oeoO?), a city oj 
Cyprus, famous for the worship of Venus ; hence 

Amathusia, Venus; Amathusiacus -a 

•urn, Ai.iathtisian. 

amatio -onis, f. (amo), love-making, intrigue, 

amator -oris, m. (amo), 1, one who loves, a 
friend ; vir bonus amatorque noster, Cic. ; ama- 
tores huic(Catoni) desunt, admirers, readers of his 
works, Cic. ; so of a thing, puri sermonis, Caes. ; 
sapientiae, pads, Cic. ; 2, lover ofawoman, jxira- 
movr; virginem abamatorum impetu prohibere, 

amatorculus -i, m. (dim. of amator), a 
little lover, Plaut 

amatorie, adv. (amatorius), amorously, Cic. 

amatorius -a -um(amator), loving, amorous ; 
sermo, Cic ; poesis (Anacreoutis), Cic. ; frui 
voluptate amatoria, Cic. 

amatrix -Icis, f. (amator), a mistress, sweet- 
heart, Plaut. 

Amazon -dnis, f., gen. in plur., Amazones 
-am ('Ana^dves), myth, nation of female trar- 
riors; hence, 1, Amazonis -idis, f. = Amazon, 
Verg. ; 2, Amazonicus -a -uni, Amazonian; 
3, Amazonius -a -urn, Amazonian; vir, Hip- 
polytnu, son of an Amazon by Theseus. Ov. 

amb. ambi, and ambe. an inseparable 

• • «i'inn. Rntering into the composition o' 

•••I •' tt'irnit (an in ambedo, etc.)- 



ambactus -i, m. a vassal, Cacs. 

ambadodo, :i. to tat round, consume utterly, 

ambages, abl. -e, f. (of sing, only nbl. 
(build, complete in the plur.), going round, 
roundabout way, winding. I. Lit., variorum 
ambagc viarum, of a labyrinth, Ov. II. Transf., 
A. circumlocution; missis ambagibus, without 
circumlocution, Ilor. B. obscurity, ambiguity ; 
ambages canere, of the Sibyl, Verg. ; imincmor 
ambagum, of the Sphinx, Ov. ; C. shifts, prevari- 
cation; falsi poaitis ambagibus oris, Ov. 

Ambarri -5rnm, m. a Gallic people east of 
the Aedui, with ichom they were related. 

ambedo -edi -csum, 3. to eat round, consume, 

Ambianl -orum, m. people in North Gaul, on 
the Homme. 

Amblbarli -orum, m. Gallic people in Nor- 
mandy (whence the modern Ambieres). 

amblgo, S. (amb and ago). I. Lit., to go about 
or round. II. Transf, A. to doubt, hesitate, be 
■uncertain ; jus quod ambigitur, Cic. ; ambigitur, 
impers., followed by de and the ab!., or with 
relative or infinitive clause, or with negative 
followed by quill aud the subj., quum de vero 
ambigetur, Cic. B. to dispute, contend, at law 
or otherwise; cum eo qui heres est, Cic.; de 
hereditate, Cic. 

ambigiic. adv. (ambiguus), 1, ambiguously ; 
scribere, Cic. ; 2, indecisively; equites ambigue 
ccrtavere, Tac 

ambigultas -fitis, f. (ambiguus), ambiguity; 
verbornm, Cic. 

ambiguus -a -nm (ambigo). I. moving from 
tide to side, of doubtful nature; Proteus, Ov. ; 
virgn, Siren or Sphinx, Ov. ; viri, Centaurs, Ov. ; 
ambiguain promisit Salamina, a second'Salamis, 
Hor. II. Transf., A. uncertain, doubtful; am- 
biguus lanti certainluls lieres, Ov. ; imperandi, 
not resolved on, Tac. Subst., ambigiium -i, 
n. uncertainty ; nonhobul amblguum, / had no 
doubt, Cic. ; rellnquere in ambiguo, Lncr. B. 
Of speech, ambiguous, obscure; oracula, Cic. 
Subst., amblguum -i, n. ambiguity; ex am- 
biguo dicta, Cic. C. uncertain, untrustworthy; 
Baes, I.iv. ; tribuni, Tac. ; res possessionis baud 
anibigune, with a clear title, Li v. ; res, insecure, 
Tac. ; aquae, changing, Ov. 

Ambiliati -orum, m. a Gallic people on the 

ambio -Ivi and -ii -Itum, 4. (amb ami eo, but 
conjugated regularly ace. to the 4th conjug. ex- 
cept imperf. ambloat, Liv.). I. to go round. 

A. Lit., ut ten-am lonae cursus proximo ambiret, 
Cic. B. Transf., to surround ; silvas profunda 
palua ambibat, Jar. ; vallum armis, Tac II. A. 
t<, go round canvassing for votes, or help; ad id 

igl vldebaturambientes, l.iv.; pass., popu- 
lus facit eos a qulbus est maxime ambitus, Cic. ; 

B. to address individuals; reginam affatu,Verg. ; 
t-; pauper ambit Bollicita prece ruris colonus, 
nppioachts with prayer, Hor. 

Ambiorlx -rlgis, m. joiner of the Eburones 
in Gallia Belgica. 

ambltio -onis, f. (ambio). A. a canvass- 
ing for office in a lawful manner; opp. ambitus 
fa. v.); in.' ambltio et labor ab omni 
ilia cogitations abstrabebat, Cic B. Transf., 
striving after honours; 1, after public office, 
desire for office ; roe ambltio quaedam ad 
honorum studlum duxit, Cie.; 2, desire for 
fame, display, pomp; funemm nulla ambitlo, no 
empty pomp, Tac.; 8, factiousness; non pnto 
exist imareteambitione melabi, Cic. ; 4, striving 
after something ; conciliandae provinciae ad novas 
at*^, Tac. 

ambitiosc, adv. (ambltiosus), 1, aspiringty} 

pet ore rognuni, Li v. ; 2, with, a view to one's in- 
terest, selfishly; non vulgaritcr nee ambitioso 
scribere, Cic. 

ambltiosus -a -nm (ambitio). 1, twining 
around ; lascivis hederis ambitiosior, Ilor. ; am- 
bitioso omamenta, excessive, Hor. ; 2, a, eager for 
public office, ambitious; patres mollem consulem 
et ambitiosum rati, Li v. ; b, vain, ostentatious, 
pretention* ; amicitiae, interested, Cie. ; mors, os- 
tentatious, studied, Tac. ; c, eager to win favour, 
seeking after popularity ; dux indiilgens ambi- 
tiosusque, Liv. ; vogationes, meant to win 
popularity, Cic; d, striving after anything; 
Musa nee in plausus ambitioso mea est, Ov. ; 
amor, Ov. 

ambitus -us, m. (ambio), a going round. I. 
Gen., A. Abstr., circuit, revolution ; siderum, 
Cie. B. Concr., 1, course, orbit; stellarum ro- 
tund! ambitus, Cic; transf., circumlocution; 
multos circa unam rem ambitus facere, Liv. ; 2, 
circle, edge ; extremus ambitus campi, Tac; esp., 
the space left round a house, Cic. ; 3, extent, castra 
lato ambitu, Tac. II. going round to entreat. 
A. Lit., illegal canvassing for office, bribery; lex 
de ambitu, Cic. ; ambitus aliquem accusare, 
damnare, Cic. B. Transf., striving after honours, 
Plin. ; popularity-hunt ing, Tac. C. striving for, 
with genii., ambitu remanendi aut cundi, Tac. 

Ambivareti -orum, m. a Gallic people, allies 
of the, Aedui. 

Ambivariti -Orum, m. a Gallic people on the 
Maas, near modern Breda. 

Ambivius, L. Ambivius Turpio, a celebrated 
actor in Home, contemporary of Terence. 

ambd -ae -8 (dn<|>u)), both, two together (uter- 
que, two considered separately) ; hie qui utrumquc 
pro hat, ambobus debuit uti, Cic. 

Ambracla -ae. f. ('AuPpaKia), town on the. 
south, border of ICpirus, near the sea, now Aria ; 
hence, l,adj., Ambracicnsis -e, Avibracian ; 
2, Ambracius a -um, Ambrai iav ; 3, subst., 
Ambraciotcs -ae, m. inhabitant ofAmbracia> 

Ambrones -um, m. a Keltic people defeated 
by Marias in the war with the Cimhri. 

ambrosia -ae, f. (ii±ppooia), 1. ambrosia, 

the food of the gods, Cie. ; orator ambrosia alen- 
dus, of a distinguished orator, Cie. ; 2, a mira- 
culous unguent, giving divine beauty and making 
immortal, Verg. 

ambrosius -a -um (a/ippoo-ios), divine, im- 
mortal, ambrosial ; dapes, Mart. ; comae, an- 
ointed with ambrosia, Verg. 

Ambrysus -i, f. a town in Phoeis, now 


ambubajae -arum, f. (Syrlanabub, anbub, 
the flute), Syrian music women and prostitutes 
in Rome, Hor. 

ambulacrum -i, n. a walk shaded with 
trees, Plant. 

ambiilatio -onis, f. (ambulo), 1, a walk, 
Cie. ; 2, a place for walking, a promenade, Cic 

ambiilathmcuTa -ae, f. 1, a little walk, 
Cic. ; 2, c little promenade, Cic 

ambulator -oris, in. (ambulo), one who walks 
about, a lounger, Cato; pedlar, Mart. 

ambulatorius -a -um (ambulo), movable, 

ambiilatrlx -iois, f. a gadding woman, Cato. 

ambulo, I, (dim, of ambio). I. to go back- 
wards ami forwards, to walk, Cie. ; defessus 
sum ombulondo, Ter. ; bene ambnla, ftoii 
D ryage, Plaut. ; ergo ambnla, be off with you, 
riant.; ambulare in jus, to go to law, riant.; 
of soldiers, to march; eodein modo ambulat 




Caesar Ut, etc., Cie. ; to travel over, to traverse; 
with ace., quuin (Xerxes) maria ambulavissct, 
Cic. II. Transf., A. Of things, Nilus immenao 
longitudinis spatio ambulans, Plin. B. to go for 
a walk, in hortis cum Galba, Cic. 

amburo -ussi -ustum, 3. I. A. to burn 
round, to scorch, to burn up ; illedomi sitae vivns 
exustus est; hie sociorum umbustus incendio 
tamen ex ilia fiamina periculoque evasit, Cic. ; 
ambnstatigna, Liv. ; of lightning, to scorch; am- 
luistns Phaethon, Hor. Subst, ambustum 
-i, n. a burn, Plin. B. Of cold, to tiip, numb; 
ambusti multorum artus v! frigoris, Tae. II. 
Transf., to injure; ambustas fortunarum mcarum 
reliquias, Cic. ; damnatione collegae et sua prope 
ambustus evaserat, Liv. 

ambustus -a -tun, partic. of amburo. 

amellus -i, m. the purple Italian starworl, 

Amenanus -i, m. (Anevavos), a river of 
Sicily, now Indicello; also used as : an adject., 
Amenana ttumina, Ov. 

aniens -entis, mad, Insane, senseless; metu, 
Liv. ; aninii, in mind, Verg. ; homoaudacissimns 
atque amentissimus, Cic. ; consilium amentissi- 
mmn, Cic. 

amentla'-ae, f. (aniens), insanity, madness, 
folly ; in istam amentiam incidere, Cic. 

amento, 1. (amentum), to furnish with a 
strap; hastae, Cic. ; and (in a figure) ha3tae 
amentatae, ready-made arguments, Cic. 

amentum -i, n. (for agimentum). I. aiirap t 
thamj, Caes. II. a shoe-tie, Plin. 

Ameria -ae, f. a town in Umbria, now 
Amelia; hence adj., Amerinus -a -urn, be- 
longing to Ameria. 

Anicr lola -ae, f. a town in the Sabine country. 

ames -itis, m. a forked pole, for suspending 
fowlers' nets, Hor. . . 

Amestratus -i, f. CA^jio-TpaTo?), a town on 
the north coast of Sicily, on the Halaesus, now Mes- 
tretta; hence Amestratinus -a -um, belong- 
ing to Amestratus. 

amethystinus -a -ran, 1, amethyst-coloured ; 
vestes, Mart. Subst., amethystina.'-orum, n. 
(sc. vestimeuta), dresses of that colour, Juv. ; 2, 
set with amethysts, Mart. 

amethystus -i, f. (a/^'flvoros), an amethyst, 

amfr actus =anfractus (q.v.). 

arnica -ae, f. (v. amicus). 

amice, adv. (amicus), in a friendly manner ; 
amice facis, Cic. ; amice pauperiem pati, will- 
ingly, Hor. ; with dat., vivere vitae honiinum 
amice, as the friend of man, Cic. 

amicio -lciti and -ixi -ictmn, 4. 1. to clothe, 
wrap round ; amictus toga, laena, pallio, Cic. ; 
2, Transf., to cover, conceal; nube cava amictus, 
Verg. ; piper et quidquid chartis amicitur in- 
eptis, wrapped up in, Hor. 

amiciter = amice (q.v.). 

amicitia -ae, f. (amicus), friendship. I. Lit., 

A. friendship betwxen persons ; est mini amicitia 
cum aliquo, Cic. ; amicitiam facere, jungere, 
gerere, dimittere, dissociare, dissolverc, Cic. 

B. In politics, friendship between states ; omni 
tempore in fide atque amicitia civitatis Aeduao 
fuissc, Caes. ; in amicitiam populi Homaui venire, 
Liv. ; C. Of inanimate things, sympathy, Plin. 
II. Meton., friends; parcet amicitiisetdignitati- 
bus, Cic. 

amicities -ei, f. = amicitia (q.v.), 

amictus -a.3, m. (amicio). A. putting on of 

a garment, Cic. ; esp., the manner of wearing the 
toga; nihil est facilius quam amictum imitari 
alicuius aut statum aut motuin, Cic. B. Meton., 
1, a garment, Verg. ; 2, covering ; nebulae 
amictus, Verg. 

amxcula -ae, f. v. amiculus. 

amiciilum i, n. (amicio), a mantle, cloak, 

amiculus -i, m.| and amiciila -ae, t. (dim. 
of amicus), a little friend, Cic. 

amicus -a -um (amo). I. friendly, well- 
wishing, inclined, favourable to. A. Absol., 
amicus amicissimus animus, ,Cic. ; homines 
sibi conciliare ainiciores, Cic. B. With inter 
se, or erga aliquem, or dat., velim ut tibi amicus 
sit, Cic; arnica Into -sus, Hor.; of things, 
silentia lunae, Verg. ; aniicmn est inihi, it 
jileases me ; secundum te nihil est' mihramicius 
solitudine, Cic. II. Subst. -, A. amicus -i, m.-, 
a, a friend; intinius, Cic. ; veritatis, Cic. ; of. 
states, socius atque amicus, Cic; b, in_plur., 
the retinue of a Roman governor, Suet.; the 
courtiers' of tlie emperor, Suet. B. arnica -ae, 
f. a friend or a mistress, Cic 

Aminaeus -a -um, belonging to Amuuiea, a 
district of Picenum, famous for its wine, Verg. 

Amisia -ae. I. m. (o 'A/uo-ias), a river in 
North Germany, now the Ems. II. f. a place at 
the mouth of the Ems. 

amissio -onis, f. (amitto), a loss; pppidorum, 
Cic; esp. of a loss through death; liberorum, 

amissus -us, m.= amissio (q.v.). 

Amisus (Auiisos) -i, f. (*Amktos), and Ami- 
sum -i, n. a town in Ponlus, now Samsun. 

amita -ae, f. a father's sister (opp. matertera, 
q.v.), an. utint, Cic. 

Amlternum -i, n. a town in tlu 'Sabine coun- 
try, birthplace of the historian Sallust ; hence 
adj., Amiterninus -a -um, aud Amitcr- 
nus -a -uin, Amiternian. ~ 

amitto -misi -missum, 3. to send away, to let 
go. I/A. Lit., Plaut. B. Transf., to give up; 
omnes has provincias, Cic. II. to let go, to let 
slip. A. Lit., praedam de manibus, Cic. ; ocea- 
sionem, Cic. ; tempus, Cic. B. to lose; vitam, 
Cic. ; litem, Cic. ; mentem, Cic. ; fldeni, credit, 
Phaedr. ; esp. to lose by death; filiuiu consu- 
larem, Cic. 

Ammianus Marcellinus -i, m. historian 
of the fourth century a.d., who wrote a history of 
Rome from Nerva to Valeus (91-378 A.D.), the 
first books of which are lost. 

Amnion (Hamnion) -onis, m. (" ky.y.o>v), a 
Libyan deity, with a temple in the Oasis of Siwah, 
worshipped in Rome under the name of Jupiter 
Amnion, Cic. Adj., Ammoniacus -a-um. 

amnicola -ae, c. (amnis and colo), dwelling 
by the river-side ; salix, Ov. 

amniculus -i, m. (dim. of amnis), a little 
river, Liv. 

amnis -is, m. (orig. apnis, from same root 
as Lat. aqua, Skr. ap.). A. a stream of water, a 
river; non tenuis rivulus sed abundantissimus 
amnis, Cic. B. Poet., the stream; secundo amni, 
down stream, Verg. ; the ocean, Verg. ; a torrent ; 
ruunt de niontibus amnes, Verg. ; water, Verg. 

amo, 1. to love from inclination or passion 
(diligcrc, to love from esteem); mo non diligl 
.solum, vcriim etiam ainari, Cic. ; 1, a, ali- 
quem mirlnce, Cic; b, aniare sc, to love one- 
self selfishly, Cio. ; c, aliquem de, or in aliqua 
re or quod, to feel obliged or bound to a person; 
te multum amamus, quod ea abs te diligen- 
ter parvoque curata sunt, Cic. ; amabo te, or 




amabo, please, be so good ; amabn te, advola, Cic. ; 
d, to love something; amavi amorem tun in prout 
ipse amabat litteras, Cic. ; amat Janoa lfmcn, 
tungtto, llor. ; with inlln., hie amea did pater 
atque prineepa, Hot. ; o, to b» wont, accustomed ; 
quae in fleri :imat, Sail. ; 2, to love passionately, 
sensually; ibi priinuin Insnevit exereitus populi 
Romani amare, to lust, Sail. 

amocno, adv. (ainoenus), pleasantly, Plant. 

amocnitas -at is, f. (ainoenus). I. Gen., 
pleasantness. II. Esp., a, of situatiuu , hor- 
torum, Cic. ; urbium, Liv. ; plur., araoeuitatea 
or.irum ac litorum, Cic; absol., pleasant situa- 
tion, Cic. ; b, of other things, vitac, Tac. ; as 
a term of endearment, mea amoeiiitas, Plant. 

amoenus -a -um. I. Gen., pleasant, delight- 
ful. IL Esp., a, of place; locus, Cic. Subst., 
amoena -oruni, n. pleasant places, Tac. ; b. of 
other things, vita, Tac. ; cultus, luxurious, splen- 
did, Liv. ; c, of persons, Venus, Plant. 

amolior, 4. dep. to remove. I. Lit., objecta 
onera, Liv. ; se, to take oneself off, Plaut. II. 
to get rid of. A, Of persons, Octaviam uxorem, 
Tac. B. Of something unpleasant, to remove; 
Uedecus, Tac C. In speech, to pass over; amolior 
et ainoveo nomen meum, Liv. 

imoraum -i, n. (aimi/iov), a shrub, from 
which a costly balsam was prepared, Verg. 

amor (anios) -oris, in. (amo), love frominclina- 
lion (caritas, love from esteem). I. A. Lit., nostcr 
in te amor, Cic. ; ainplecti or prosequi aliqnem 
amore, Cic. ; habere aliqnem in amore, Cic. ; 
]iabere amorem erga aliqnem, Cic. ; in amore 
esse alicui, to be loved by some one, Cic. ; in a bad 
sense, passion; amore perdita est, Plant. ; plur., 
amores hominum in te, Cic. ; mihi est in amori- 
bus, he is loved by me, Cic. ; In a bad sense, 
ainores et hae delieiae quae vocantirr, Cic ; 
personif., the god Cupid, Verg. B. Meton., the 
object of love, darling ; amor et delieiae generis 
humani (Titus), Suet. ; esp. in plur., amores et 
delieiae tuae, Cic. II. love for something, d> sir,' ; 
consulatns, Cic; cognitionis, Cic. ; scribendi, 

amotlo -onis, f. (amoveo), a removing ; 
doloris, Cic 

amoveo -movi -niotum, 2. to move away, re- 
move. I. Lit., A. Gen., 1, of things, neque in 
amovendo neque in exportando frumento, Cic. ; 
2, of persons, aliquem ex istis locis, Cic. ; ali- 
qnem ab altaribus, Liv. ; amoto patre, in the ab- 
sence of the father,Tm\; seamovere, to depart, Ter. 
B. Esp., 1, euphem., to steal ; boves per dolum 
amotae, Hor.; 2, to banish; in insulam, Tac. 
II. Transf., A. Gen., to remore something un- 
pleasant; ab se cnlpam, Liv. B. Partic, 1, of 
things, sensuin doloris mci a aententia dicenda 
amovebo, Cic ; 2, of persons, to remore from a 
post; Satnrniuin quaestorem a sua fruinentaria 
procuratione, Cic. 

Amphiaraus -i, m. ('A/^iapao?), a cele- 
hratfd Argive soothsayer, son of O'icles (or Apollo) 
and llypermnestra, husband of Eriphyle, jother 
cfAkmaeonandAmphilochus, participatoragainst 
his will in the expedition of the Seven against 
Thebes ; when flying from Polyclymenus he 
was, by the order of Zeus, taken up from the 
earth and made immortal ; hence, a, Am- 
phiaracus -a -urn, belonging to Amphiaraus ; 
b, Amphlareiades -ac, m. son of Amphi- 
araus = Alcmaeon, Ov. 

amphibolla -ae, f. (a/i</>i£oAi'a), ambiguity, 
double meaning, Cic. 

Amphictydnes -um, m. ('Au((ii«rvo«5), the 
Amphictyons, a religious assembly of representa- 
tives of the Greek states, held first at Thermopylae 
and afterwards at Delphi. 

Amphllochi -Crum, m. rt people hi Add? 
nania; hence Amphilochia -ae, f. theit 
country; and Argos Ampniloclrium, oi 
Amphllochicum -i, n. its chief town, now 

Amphion -"mis, in. ('Aii^'ui'), kingo/Thehes, 
and husband ofKiabe; said to have raised the 
walls of Thebes by the magical power of his lyre ; 
hence arecs Amphionis, i.e. Thebes, Ov. Adj., 
Amphionius -a -uni, belonging to Amphion. 

Amphipolis, aec. -im, f. ('A/nfu'TroAis), 
Athenian colony in Macedonia, on the Strymon. 

amphisbaena -ae, f. (a^io-paiva), a kind 
of African snake, Plin. 

Amphissa -ae, f. ("A/i</uo-o-a), a town of the- 
Ozolian Locrians, near modern Salona ; hence 
Amphissius -a -um. 

amphitheatralis -e (amphitheatram), be- 
longing to the amphitheatre ; spectaculum, Plin. 

amphltheatriCUS -a -um = amphitheatra- 
lis (q.v.). 

amphltheatrum -i, n. (a^iBUrpov), an 
amphitheatre, an oral building for gladiatorial 
shows and public spectacles, Tac. 

Amphltrlte -es, f. (,'An<f>iTpiTn). the wife of 
Neptune, goddess of the sea; hence, tliesea, Ov. 

Amphitryon and Amphitruo -finis, m. 
(' An<l>LTpvuv), king of Thebes, and husband of 
Alcmcna, the mother of Hercules by Jupiter; 
hence Amphitryonlades -ae, m. the son of 
Amphitryon, i.e. Hercules, Verg. 

amphora -ae, f. (a/i4>opevs). A. a two- 
handled vase, pitcher, or jug, generally made of 
clay or glass, chiefly used for wine, Hor. ; hence, 
meton., wine, Hor. ; used also for honey, Cic, oil, 
Cato. B. 1, a measure for liquids, 1 umae or 8 
congii or 4S sextarii, about 5| gallons ; 2, mea- 
sure of the tonnage of a ship, as we use ton, about 
SO Roman pounds ; naves onerariae quartim 
minor nulla erat dunm millium ampnorum, 

amphoralis -e (amphora), containing an 
amphora, Plin. 

Amphrysos -i, m. ('A/i<ppv<rds), a stream in. 
Phtkiotis, near which Apollo kept the flocks of 
Admetus; pastor ab Amphryso, Avollo, Verg. 
Adj., Amphrysius -a -um ; Amphrysia vates, 
the Sibyl (beloved by Apollo), Verg. 

ample, adv. (amplus). I. richly, amply;, 
amplisaime dare agrnm, most liberally, Cic II. 
magnificently, splendidly, exornare triclinium, 
Cic. ; of oratory, elate et ample loqui, with 
dignity and weight, Cic. Esp. in compar., 
amplius, I. more ; amplius aequo lamentari, 
Lucr. II. A. Of space or time, more, farther; 
non lnctabor tecum amplius, Cic. ; a. amplius 
pronuntiare, a judicial formula, to adjourn the 
hearing of a case ; quum consules re audita 
amplius de consilii sententia pronuntiavissent, 
Cic. ; b, a formula in contracts, sales, etc., am- 
plius non peti, thatno further elaimismade, Cic. ; 
C, esp. of definite measures of time, with nom., 
ace, abl., genit., generally without quam; am- 
plius centum cives Romani, Cic ; non amplius 
pedum DC, Caes.; triennio amplius, Cic; absol., 
xvi. non amplius legiones, 16 legions and no more, 
Liv. B. further, more, in addition; quid est 
quod jam amplius exspectes, Cic ; hence the 
formulae, a, non dico amplius, 1 soy nothing fur- 
ther, Cic ; b, hoc or co amplius ; besides, more- 
over ; esp. t. t. in the senate, Servilio assentior 
et hoc amplius censeo, / give my adhesion to Ser- 
vians' proposal, but make an addition to it, Cic. 

amplector -plexus sum -plecti, 3. dep. 
(ami) and plecto). I. Lit. to surround, encircle. 
A. with the arms or hands, to embrace; 1, aram, 




Tac. ; dext ram, Verg. ; 2, toembraee lovingly, Ov. 
B. to surround; tellurem alls (of night), tocover, 
Verg. ; hostium aeiem, Liv. ; of lire, ignis proxima 
quneque et dciuccps eontinua ainplexus, Liv. 
II. Tiunsf., A. to welcome, receive; libentertalem 
amicuui, Cie. B. 1 ? to love, esteem; aliquem 
aniore, Cic. ; 2, to prize; tanto amore suas pos- 
SCssiones, Cic. ; 3, to embrace in thought, to con- 
sider; si .index non omnia amplectotur consilio, 
Cic. ; 4, to embrace, in the sense of to include 
ov comprise ; quod idem interduin virtntis 
nomine auiplectiinur, Cie. ; 5, toembraee or 
touch on in discourse ; argumentuin pluribus 
verbis, Cie. ; omnia communiter, Liv. 
amplexor, 1. dep. (intens. of amplector) ; 

1, to surround, encircle, embrace, Cic; transf., 
Appius totuin me amplexatur, Cic. ; 2, to 
honour, esteem; aequabilitatem juris, Cic. 

amplexus -us, m. (amplector). A. a sur- 
rounding, encircling, embrace; draconis or ser- 
pentis, Cic. ; aliquein amplexibus necare (of a 
snake), Ov. B. Transf., terrarum amplexu, the 
circuit of the earth, Liv. 

ampliatio -onis, fi^amplio), the adjournment 
of a suit, Sen. 

amplificatio -onis, f. (amplifico), an enlarg- 
ing, increasing. I. Lit., rei familiaris, Cic. II. 
Transf., a, an enlarging, heightening; honoris 
et gloriae, Cic. ; b, in rhetoric, enlargement, am- 
plification, Cic. 

amplif Icator -oris, m. (amplifico), one u<ho 
enlarges ; dignitatis, Cic. 

amplifico 1. (amplus and facio), to en- 
large. A. Lit., civitatem, Cic. ; divitias, Cic. 
B." Transf., 1, to increase; voluptatem, Cic; 

2, in rhetoric, to dilate upon, magnify; aliquid 
dicendo amplilicare atque oriiare, Cic. 

amplio, 1. (amplus), to make wide, enlarge, 
increase. I. Lit., civitatem, Plin. ; equitum 
centurias, Liv. II. Transf., a, to glorify ; no- 
men, Mart. ; b, legal t.t., to adjourn the hearing 
of a case (see under ample II. A.a) ; causaui, Cic. 

' ampliter, adv. = ample (q.v.). 

amplitude) -inis, f. (ampins), breadth, size. 

A. Lit., simulacrum inodica amplitudine, Cic. 

B. Transf, 1, amplitudines quaedam bonorum, 
increase of property, Cic. ; 2, greatness; iiomiiiis, 
Cic. ; 3, dignity, grandeur; maxima cum gloria 
ad summam amplitudinem pervenire, Cic. ; 4, 
dignity of expression ; Platonis, Cic. 

amplus -a -van, adj. with eompar. and 
superl., large, spiacious, ample. A. Lit., 1, of 
space, size, etc. ; doinus, Cic. ; 2. of number, 
height, quantity, etc. ; pecuniaamplissima, Cic ; 
ampliores copiae, Caes. Neut. subst., am- 
plius, imponebat amplius quain ferre possent, 
Cic, ; with genit., si amplius obsidum dare velit, 
Caes. B. Transf., 1, great, important ; occasio, 
Cic. ; ampla spes, Sail. ; 2, honourable ; praemia, 
Cic. ; ainplum Tuscis ratus, thinking it an 
Iwnourfor the Etruscans, Liv. ; 3, excellent, highly 
esteemed; ainplae et honestae familiae, Cic; 
amplissimi viri, men. of the highest position, Cic. ; 
especially of public offices, amplissiiuus honor, 
the consulsliip, Cic. 

Ampsancti (sc. lacus), or Ampsanctus 
-i, m. a lake in. the country of the IUrpini, said 
to be one of the entrances to the lower world. 

ampulla -ae, f. (dim. of amphora; amp(h> 
orula, amporla, ampurla, ampulla). A. a flask, 
bottle, Cic. B. Transf., bombast; prnjioit ain- 
pullas, llor. 

ampullaceus -a -um (ampulla), bottle- 
shaped, Plin. 

ampullarius -i, m. (ampulla), a bottle- 
1l>akcr f Plaut. 

ampullor, 1. dcp. (ampulla, P.), to speak 
bombastically, Hor. 

amputatio -Onis, f. (amputo), a culling off, 
pruning, Cic. 

amputo, 1. to cut off. A. Lit.,1, of plants 
or trees, to lop or prune; ranios inutilcs, llor. ; 
tig., non solum ranios ampittore niiseriarum, 
Cic. ; 2, to cut off a part of the body ; caput, 
Tac. ; as medical t. t., to amputate ; in cor- 
pore quidquid est pestiferum, Cic. B. 1, to 
shorten, diminish; multitudinem sententiarum, 
Cic. ; 2, amputata loqui, to speak disconnectedly, 

Ampycus -i, m. ("A^h-uko?)- I. son of 
Iapetus, a singer and priest of Ceres, killed at 
the wedding of Perseus by Pettalus. II. one 
of the Lapithae, father of Mopsus ; hence, Am- 
pycides -ae, m. a descendant of Ampycus, i.e. 

Ampyx -pycis, in. ('A^iiruf). I. a comrade 
of Phineus, turned into stone by the Medusa's head 
at the wedding of Perseus. II. one of tlie Lapi- 
thae, killed by the centaur Oiclus at tlie wedding 
of Firithous. 

amuletum -i, n. (Arab, hamalet = a pen- 
dant), a charm, amulet, Plin. 

AmullUS -li, in. king of Alba Longa, who 
drove his elder brother, Numitor, from the 
throne, and exposed in the Tiber Numitor's 
grandsons, Romulus and Remus. 

amurca -ae, f. (a^dpyij), the oil-lees, Plin. 

amussis (ace. -im), f. a carpenter's rule ; ad 
amussim, exactly, Varr. 

Amyclae -arum, f. ('AuvkKou). I. a town in 
Laconia, south-east of Sparta: myth., home of 
the Dioscuri and of Hele>ia. II. an old town in 
Latiuvi (sa<d to have been founded from Amy- 
clae L). Adj. Amyclaeus -a -um, belongiiig 
to Amyclae, Amydaean ; pluma, of the swan, in 
allusion to the story of Juppiter and Leda, 
Mart. ; fratres, the Dioscuri, Verg. ; hence poet. 
Luconian ; canis, Verg. 

amygdalum -i. n. (a/jivy&aXov), an almond, 

Amymone -es, f. ('A^v/h.'ht)), daughter of 
Daiuius, beloved by Neptune, who in her honour 
caused a fountain to spring out of the rock near 

Amyntas -ae, m. fA/ivi/ras), name of several 
Macedonian kings, the most famous of whom 
was Amyntas II., /a(7ter of Philip of Macedon, 
and grandfather of Alexander the Great; hence 
Amyntiades -ae, m. Philip. 

Amyntor -Sris, m. ('Av.vvru>p),J;ing of the 
Dolopes, father of Phoenix; hence Amyntor- 
Ides -ae, in. a son of Amyntor = Phoenix, Ov. 

amystis -idis, f. (omvcttis), the emptying of a 
goblet at a draught, Hor. 

Amythaon -onis, m. ('Ap.vB6.ijtv) father of 
Melampus, Bias, and Aeolia; hence, Amjr- 
thaoniUS -a -um, son of Amythaon. 

an, conj. or, whether, introduces the second 
clause of a direct or indirect double question, 
or of a sentence implying doubt. I. A. Of sen- 
tences implying doubt ; 1, after utrum, utrumne 
and ne, honesturnne factu sit an turpe, dubitant, 
Cic; 2, without a verb of doubt, or rather; 
non plus duobus an tribus mensibus, Cic. B. 
Elliptically, where the first clause is to be un- 
derstood, dubito an, hand scio an, or nesclo 
an, / don't know whether it is not, 2'erhaps, jwssi- 
bly ; baud scio an satis sit, eum qui lacesserit, 
in'juriae suae poenitcre, Cic. ; with a negative, 
/ don't know whether it is; dubitet an turpe non 
sit, whether it is base, Cic. C. Ljke uura, whethir 




(poet or in post-Augustan prose), quis scit an 
adjiciant hodiernae crastina suminae tempora di 
supcri. Hot. II. In diroct or indirect questions. 
A. Where both sentences are expressed ; 1, in 
direct questions, utrum ea vestra an nostra 
culpa est, Cic. ; 2, in indirect questions, id 
utrum Romano more locutus sit an quo niodo 
Stoici dicunt, postea videro, Cic. B. Elliptically, 
where the tlrst part of the question is suppressed, 
often to express Irony or astonishment, or then ? ; 
an etiam id dubium est? Cic; an censes niliil 
inter nos convenire? Cic. 

anabathrum -i, n. (ara/Jaflpoi*), a raised 
seat Juv. 

Anacharsis -Idis, in. ('Aroxopo-i?), a Scythian 
who, it was mid, visited Athens in the time of 
Solon. ■ • , 

Anacrcon -ontis, m. ('Ara/cpeW), a lyric 
paetZofTepi in lonia(bW — JTSn.c.). Adj., Ana- 
crcontius -a -uin, Anacreontic. 

anadema -atis, n. (avdSruia), an ornament 
or fillet fur the head, Lucr. 

Anagnia -ae, f. CAvayvia), a town inlxitium, 
capital of the Jlemici, now Anagni. Adj., An- 
agnlnus -a -uin, belonging to Anagnia. 

anagnostes -ae, ni. {avayvunrrni), a reader, 

analccta -ae, m. (ii/aXeyw)', a slave vhose 
duty it loots to collect and remove crumbs after a 
mud, Mart. 

analogia -ae, f. (avaKoyla), proportion, com- 
parison,, analogy, Varr., Quint. 

anancaeum -i, n. (, unavoidable), 
a large drinking cup, bumper, Plaut. 

anapaostus -a -um (irarroio-Tos), pes, or 
simply aiuipaestus, a metrical font, an ana- 
paest (v u -), Cic Subst., a, anapaostus -i, 
in. a verse comjxised of anapaests, Cic. ; b, ana- 
paestum -i, n., a poem in anajiacstic verse, Cic 

anaphora -ae f. (ava<popa), 1, the rising of 
the heavenly bodies, Plin. J 2, in rhetoric, the 
repetition of a word at the. beginning of several 
sentences (as in Cic. Verr. ii. 2<>). 

Anaphe -es, f. ('Avaufry), an island east of 
Thera, one of the Sporades, now Namfi, oiArwfi. 

Anapus, -i, m. ("Ai-an-os), a river in Sicily, 
near Syracuse, now Anapo. 

Anartcs -mm, ni. ('Avaproi.), a people in 

1. Anas -ae, m. ("A^as), a river in Spain, now 
Wadirwnn or Gnadiana. 

2. anas, itnatis, f. a duck, Cic 

anaticula -ae, f. (dim. of anas), a little duck, 

anatocismus -i, in. (avaTOKia/iot), com- 
pound interest, Cic 

Anaxagoras -ae, m. CAi-afaydpaO, a philo- 
sopher of the old Ionian school, friend and teacher 
of Pericles and Euripides. 

Anaxarchus -i, m. ('Ai/afapxoO, a philo- 
sopher of Abdera. 

Anaxiraandcr -dri, m. {'Ava^iavSpot), a 
philO$OpKer of MiUtus, pupil ofThales. 

Anaximenes -is, m. ('Ai/aft/ieVr)?), a philo- 
sopher of Miletus, pupil of Anaximuiuler. 

anceps -cipitis, abl. sing, -cipiti (an and 
caput). J, Lit., two-headed; Janus, Ov. ; neu- 
men nwnfis", -two-peaked, Ov. II. Transf., with 
two sides. A. two-edged; seenris, Ov. B. 1, 
coming on both sides, behind and before; qutUll 
anccps.hostis et a fronte et a tergo urgeret, Li v. ; 
anceps proelinm, abattlewheretheenemy attack on 
both sides, Caes. ; anceps metns ctab cive ct ab 
host*, Ljv. } 2, of two natures; bestw om«si 

ancipites, amphibious,Cic. ; anceps faciendi dicen. 
clique sapientia, Cic. C. 1. ambiguous; oraeu- 
lum, Liv. ; 2, uncertain, undecided ; belli fortuna, 
Cic; proelium, Liv. ; 3, unsettled; Lncanua 
an Apulus anceps, uncertain whether a I.ucanian 
or an Ajmlian, Hot. ; 4, dangerous, hie locus 
tain anceps, Cic 

Anchialos (its) -i, f. ('AyxiaAos), a small town 
of Thrace on the l'ontns Kuxinns, now Alciali. 

Anchises -ae, in. ('Ayxio-y<;), son of Cams and 
father of Aeneas; hence 1, adj., Anchiseus -a 
-um, belonging to ■ Anchises ; 2, Anchisiades 
-ae, m. a. descendant of Anchises, i.e. Aeneas, Verg. 

ancile -is, n. (connected with *ancus, 
curved), 1, a shield which fell from heaven in 
the time of Numa, on the preservation of which 
the safety of the Roman empire was supposed to 
depend, Liv. ; 2, any oval shield, Yerg. . (hete- 
rocl. genit. plur. anciliontni, llor.). 

ancilla -ae, f. a maidservant, female slave, 
Cic. ; used as an attrib., mulier ancilla, Ball. 

ancillariolus -i, ra. (ancilla), a lover of maid- 
servants, Mart. 

ancillaris -e (ancilla), relating to a maid-ser- 
vant; artilicium, Cic 

ancillor, 1, dep. (ancilla), to serve as a maid- 
servant ; hence, to seme slavishly, Plin. 

ancillula -ae, f. (dim. of ancilla), a little 
maidservant, Liv. ; tig., idcirco istain juris 
scientiam tamqiiam anciliulam pedisequamque 
adjunxisti, Cic 

ancisus -a -inn (amb and caedo), cut round, 

Ancon -onis, f. ('AyKuv, elbow), and An- 
cona -ae, f. a town in 1'icenum, on the Adriatic 
Sea; hence Anccnitanus -i, m. an inhabitant 
of Ancona. 

ancora -ae, f. (ayxvpa), an anchor; anco- 
ram jacere, Caes. ; figere, pangere, to cast an- 
chor, Ov. ; tollcre, to weigh anchor, Caes, ; con- 
sistere ad ancoram, in ancoris, to Heat anchor, 

ancorale -is, n. (ancora), a cable, Liv. 

ancorarius-a -uin (ancora), belonging to an 
anchor; funis, Caes. 

Ancus (see Marcius). 

Ancyra -ae, f. ("Awupa). I. the chief town 
of the Tectosdges, capital of Galalia, now Angora; 
hence, Ancyranus -a -um, belonging to An- 
cyra; Ancyranum monumentum, an inscription 
put up by Augustus at the entrance to his temple 
at Ancyra, relating the chief events ofhislife. II. 
a town in rhrygia, on the borders of Mysia and 

andabata -ae, in., a kind of gladiator who 
fought with a helmet that had no openings for the 
eyes, Cic. 

Andanla -ae, f. (Av&avia.), an old town in 
Messenia, between Megalojwlis and Messene, now 

Andecavl -orum, m. and Andes -itim, m. 
a Gallic people on the Loire with a town of the 
same name, now Angers. 

1. Andes, v. Andecavi. 

2. Andes -turn, f. town in the Mantuan 
country, birthplace of Virgil, now Pietola. 

Andracmon -onis, , m. (' AvSpaCnuv). I. 
father of Amphissus, husband of Dryope. II. 
(also Andrcmon) ling of Calydon, father of Tfroas. 

Andriscus -i, in. ("ArSpicntcK), a slave who 
gave himself out to be the son of the Macedonian 
king rersens, and ainseil the Third Macedonian 
War, which ended with tin- reduction of Macedonia 
into a Roman province by Metellus, 




Androgeos, or -geus -i, m. CA^poycws), 
son of Mi)ios and rusiphae, killed by the Athe- 
nians, who were consequently attacked and sub- 
(fated by Minos, and forced to pay a tribute of 
youths and maidens to the Minotaur. 

androgynus -i, in. (apSpdyuros), a herm- 
aphrodite, Liw, Oic. 

Andromache -es and -cha -ae, f. ('Ai-Spo- 
/jaxi). wife of Hector, and, after the capture of 
Troy, the captive of Fyrrhusjuul subsequently 
wife of Hcknus; appell., a young and beautiful 
wife, Mart. 

Andromede -es, f., and -da -ae, f. (AvSpo- 
nd&ri), daugliter of the Aethiopian king Cepheus 
and of Cassiopeia, exposed to a sea-monster, but 
rescued by Perseus (ace. -an, Ov., Met. iv. 671, 
and Ars Am. i. 53.) 

Andronicus -i, m. ('AvSpovUos), L. or T., 
Livins, the earliest of the Soman tragic poets, a 
native of Magna Graecia, the slave of M. Livius 
Salinator (about 240 B.C.). 

Andros and Andrus -i, f. C'-^pos), the 

most northerly of the Cyclades, now Andro; hence 
adj., Andrius -a -uni, Andrian; subst., An- 
dria -ae, f. the Woman of Andros, name of one 
of Terence's comedies. 

anellus -i, m. (dim. of anulus), a little ring 

anetlmm -i, n. (avnQov), dill, anise, Verg. 

anfractus -us, m. (an and frango). A. a 
turning, bending; solis, revolution, Cic. ; anfrac- 
tus curvus valli.s, winding, Verg. ; recta regione, 
si nullus anfractus intercederet, no tortuous 
windings, Caes. B. Transf., a, legal intricacies ; 
jiuliciorum, Cic. ; b, prolixity, Cic. 

angellus -i, m, (dim. of angulus) a little 
corner, Lucr. 

angina -ae, f. (dyx^). the quinsy, Plaut 

angiportum -i, n. and (rarely) angipor- 
tUS -us, in. (ango and portus), a narrow street, 

Angitia (Ancitia, Anguitia) -ae, f. a 
goddess of the dwellers round the lake Fucinus 
(now Lago di Celano), of the Marsi and Marrubii ; 
nemus Angitiae, a grove on the west bank of lake 
Fucinus (now Selva d'Albi). 

Anglii -arum, in. a branch of the Suevi, living 
in modern Altmark. 

ango, 3. (root ANG, Gr. ArX, whence an- 
gulus, angustus, dyx<»)- I. to l»'ess together, to 
throttle; a, guttur, Verg.; b, to distress ; ea 
collisio mistoruni omnia generis anhnantium 
odore insolito urbanos ct agrestem confertum 
in arta tecta aestu ac vigiliis angebat, Liv. II. 
to torment, make anxious; alicuius animum and 
aliquem, Cic. ; angebant ingentis spiritus virum 
Sicilia Sardiniaque amissae, Liv. ; pass., angi 
animi or,animo or simply angi, to be grieved or 
troubled; alicuius decessu, Cic.; de Statio 
inanumisso et nonnullis aliis rebus, Cic. ; me 
angit or angor, followed by quod, or the ace. 
and the infill., Cic. 

angor -5ris, m. (ango). I. 1, a pressing 
together of the gullet, throttling, Pliu. ; 2, physi- 
ccd distress; aestu et angore vexata, Liv. II, 
mental distress, anguish, trouble; confici angori- 
bus, Cic. 

Angrivarii -orum, m. a German tribe on the 

anguicomus -a -urn (unguis and coma), 
having snaky hair, Ov. 

anguiculus -i, in. (dim. of anguis), a little 
snake, Ov. 

anguifer -ft'ra -fCrum (anguis and fcro), ; Gorgo, Prop, 

anguigena -ae, c. (anguis and geno = gigno), 
snake-born, Ov. 
ang u ilia -ae, f. an eel, Plaut. 

anguimanus -us, m. snake-handed; cle- 
phantus (so called from the snake-like move- 
ments of its trunk), Lucr. 

anguine us - a -um (anguis), pertaining to 

a. snake, snaky, Ov. 

anguinus -a -um = anguineus (q.v.). 

anguipes -pedis (anguis and pes), snake- 
footcit, Ov. 

anguis -is, c. (ango). I, a snake, Cic. ; 
prow, frigidus latet anguis in herba, there w 
danger, Verg. II. 1, the constellation Draco, 
Verg.; 2, the constellation Ophiuchus, Ov. (abl. 
anguc, rarely — but sometimes in Cicero— angui). 

Anguitencns -cutis, m. (anguis and teneo, 
translation of Gr. 'O</>io0x°s) the Smilce-holder ; 
the constellation Ophiuchus, Cic. 

Anguitia, v. Angitia. 

angiilatus -a -um (angulus), angular, cor- 
nered, Cic. 

angulosus -a -um (angulus), full of corners, 

angulus -i. m . (root ANG, Gr. ArX, whence 
ango, angustus, dyx"). A. a corner, angle, Caes. 
B. 1, an angle in mathematics, Cic. ; 2, the ex- 
tremity or corner of a country ; cxtremus angulus 
agri Bruttii, Liv. ; 3, a bastUm/IAv. ; 4, a retired 
spot; in ullo angulo Italiac, Cic. ; tig., ad istas 
verborum angustias et ad omnes litterarum 
angulos, Cic. ' 

angustc, adv. with comiiar. and superl. 
(angustus), narrowly, in a confined manner. I. 
Lit., A. of space, sedere, Cic. B, Of number 
or quantity, sparingly ; uti re frumentaria, Caes. 
II. A, mi a narrow, circumscribed manner; 
angiistius apud Graccos valere, Cic. B. briefly; 
dicere, Cic. 

angustia -ae, f., gen. pi. angustiao 
-arum, f. (angustus), narroivness. A. Lit., 
fretorum, Cic. ; spiritus, shortness of breath, Cic; 
absol., defiles, narrow jotssm, Caes. B, Transf., 
1, obscure or narrow reasoning ; tantas in an- 
gustias ct stoicorum dumcta (orationeni) com- 
pelliinus, Cic; 2. of time, shortness ; ahgustiae 
temporis, Cic. ; 3, of circumstances, straitened 
condition, poverty ; pecuniae, aerarii, rei famili- 
aris, Cic. ; absol., poverty, ap. Cic. ; 4, difficidly, 
distress; in angustias adduci, Cic; J5, of dis- 
position, na)*row-mindediiess, Cic. ' 

angusticlavius ii, m. (angustiis and 
clavus), wearing a narrow stripe of purple on 
his tunic; epithet of a plebeian military tribune, 

angustus -a -um (root ANG, Gf. ArX, 
whence ango, ayxi», angulus), narrow. A. Lit., 
1, of space, narrmv, strait (opp. latus) ; pons, 
Cic. ; 2, of other things, habenae, tightly-drawn, 
Tib.; spiritus angustior, s/wrfbreatfi, Cic. Subst., 
angustum -i, n. a narroio space; in angusto 
tendere, to encamp in a narrow space, Liw ; an- 
gusta viarum, Verg. B. Transf., 1, in angustum 
deducere perturbationes, to bridle, Cic; in angus- 
tum concluderc, to confine, Um it,|Cic. ; 2, of time, 
short; nox, Ov. ; 3, of circumstances, straitened, 
poor, scarce ; res frumentaria, Caes. ; angustas 
civium domos, Tac ; liberalitas angustior, Cic. ; 

4, of other things, precarious, critical, uncer- 
tain ; res angustae, Cic. ; fides angustior, Caes.; 

5, of character, narrow-minded ; alii minuti ct 
angusti, Cic. ; of porcoption, sensus, Cic ; 0, 
of speech, a, concise; dismitationcs, Cic; 

b, petty, narrow, subtle; concertationcs, Cic. 
Subst., angustum -i, n. difficiUty; res est in 
angusto, Caes, 




anhclatio -onis = anhelitus (q.v.). 

anhclator -oris, in. (nnhclo), one who 
breathes with difficulty, Plin. 

anhelitus -us, in. (anhelo). A. short, quick 
breathing, puffing, panting; aiihelitum dacere, 
Plaut. ; anhelitus moventur, Cic. ; asthma, 
Plin. B. Transf., 1, breath, Ov. ; 2, exhalation, 
vapour; terrae, Cic. 

anhelo, 1. (am ami helo). I. Intransit., to 
thaw a heavy breath, puff, pant. A. Lit., Verg. 
B. Of lifeless objects, to roar; fornacibus igniia 
anhelat, Verg. II. Transit., A. to produce 
tvith jxinting ; verba inrlata et quasi anhelata 
gravius, Cic. B. to pant for, desire eagerly ; 
scelus, Cic. 

anhelus -a -urn (anhelo) = anhelans. I. 
puffing, panting ; equi, Verg. II. Me ton., caus- 
ing to pant ; febris, Ov. 

anicula -ae, f. (dim. of anus), a little old 
woman, Cic. 

Allien -enis, v. Anio. 

Aniensis, Anienus, v. Anio. 

Anigros -i, m. ("Awypos), a river in Tri- 
phylia (Elis). 

anilis -c (anus), belonging to or like an old 
woman; vultus, Verg. ; rugae, Ov. ; esp. with 
the notion of superstition orjclly, superstitio, 
Cic. ; fabellac, old wives' tales^&ic. 

ailllitus -iitis, f. (anilis), old age (of women), 

aniliter, adv. (anilis), like an old woman; 
id dicitis superstitiuse atque aniliter, Cic. 

anima -ae, f. (connected with au, a-niii). I. 
Lit. A. vrind; impellunt animae lintea Thra- 
ciae, the north winds, Hor. ; quantum ignes 
auimaeque valent, of Vulcan's bellows, Verg. B. 
1, the air as an element, Cic. ; 2, tht, breath; ani- 
iiiaiu ducere, Cic. ; coutinere, Cic. II. Transf., 
A. the vital principle, the soul (anima, physical ; 
animus, spiritual) ; 1, Lit., a, neque in homine 
inesse aniiuum vol animam nee in bestia, Cic; 
the. spirits of the dead, Suet. ; the vital principle in 
plants, Plin. ; b, life; animam edere, to give up 
the. ghost, Cic. ; animam agere, to be in the agonies 
of death, Cic. ; trahere, to dragon existence,' Liv. ; 
dum anima est, as long as he is alive, Cic. ; of 
the blood as the source of life, purpuream vomit 
animam, life-blood, Verg. ; 2, Melon., a living 
being; ova parire, non animam, ElUi. ; used as a 
term of endearment, soul; vo3 meae carissimae 
animae, Cic. ; egregiae animae, Verg. B. (Like 
animus), the rational soxd; anima rationis con- 
siliique particeps, Cic 

animabilis, -e (animo), animating, giving 
life; natura, Cic. 

animadversio -onis, f. (animadverto). I. 
perception, observation; excitare animadversion- 
em et diligentiamut nc, &c, Cic. II. Transf. A. 
punishment ; censoria, Cie. ; Dolabullao in au- 
daces sceleratos, Cic. ; vitiorum, Cic. ; used eu- 
phein. tor capital punishment, Cic. B. censure, 
blume, Cic. 

animadversor -oris, m. (animadverto), an 
observer, Cic. 

animadverto (animadvorto), -verti 
{,-vorti), -versum (-vorsum), :i. (fur auimum od- 
vcrto). I. to take notice of, attend to : non aniin- 
«dvili in paee, Cic. ; followed by lelat. sunt. ; 
ut auiiuadvertam quae fiant, Cic. ; by ut or ne 
and the subj., animadvertant ne callida assen- 
tatione cnpiantiir, Cic. ; t.t., of tlie lictor, to 
ciear the rooxl for the consul; consul animadver 
tcre proximum lictorem .jussit, Liv. II. Transf. 
A. to perceive : ecquldanimadvertishorumsilen- 
tium, Cic. ; with ace, and infin., animadvertit 

Caesar unoa Sequanos nihil earuni reruin facero, 
Cars. ; with rel. sent., animadvertant quid dc 
rdigionc existimandum sit, Cic. ; witliquum and 
the. subj., animadvcisuni saepo est, quuni cor 
animantis alicujus evulsum palpitarct, Cic. B. 
1, to take notice of i.e. to take measures against, 
to punish; generally followed by in ; in judices 
quosdam, Cie. ; res animadvertenda, Cic. ; 
euphem. to punish with death, Tac. ; 2, to 
blame; ca sunt animadvertenda peccata max- 
ime, Cic. 

animal -alis, n. (for auimale, from anima), 
1, a living being, animal; quum inter inani- 
mum atque animal hoc maximum intersit, quod 
animal agit aliquid, Cic. ; 2, an animal, as op- 
posed to a man, Cic. ; so contemptuously of an 
animal ((like English brute, beast), funestum 
illud animal, Cic. 

animalis -e (anima), 1, consisting of air, 
ainj ; natura, Cic. ; 2, belonging to life, living ; 
intelligentia, Cic. ; exemplum, Cic. 

animans -antis (p. adj. from animo), liv- 
ing. I. Adj.; mundus, Cie. II. Subst., mase, 
fein., and neut. , a living being, animal ; niasc, 
alius animans, Cic. ; fern., ceterae animantes, 
Cic. ; neut., animantia omnia, Cic. 

animatio -onis, f. (animo). I. Lit., an ani- 
mating. II. Metou. (= animal), a living being; 
divinae animationis species, Cic. 

1. animatus -a -um (p. adj. from animo), 

1, alive, animated ; anteponantur animata inani- 

mis, Cie. ; 2, disposed in mind, inclined; a, 
morally or politically, Pompeins animatus 
melius quam paratus, Cie. ; with eiga and ace, 
Cie. ; with in and ace, Cic. ; b, courageously 
inclined, courageous, Cic. 

2. animatus -us, m. (animo), life, anima- 
tion, Plin. 

animo, 1. (anima and animus), 1, to animate, 
give life to; omnia aniinat, format, alit, Cic. ; 
animate in, witli ace, to change a lifeless into a 
living thing; guttas animant in angucs, Ov. ; 

2, to endow with, a particular disposition; pueros 
orientes animari atque formari, Cic. 

animose, adv. (animosus), courageously ; 
animose et fortiter facere aliquid, Cic. 

animosus -a -um (animus), courageous, high- 
spirited, ardent, passionate, furious. I. Gen., A, 
Lit., fortis et animosus vir, Cic. ; equus, Ov. 
B. Transf., of winds, poet., ventua, Ov.; Euri, 
Verg. ; with abl., proud of; animosus spoliis, 
Ov. II. Esp., intent on; corruptor, a briber 
who sjiares no expense, Tac. 

animula -ae, f. (dim. of anima). I. a little 
soul, ap. Cic. II. a little life; tuae litterae quae 
mihi quidquam quasi animulae instillarunt, have 
refreshed me a little, Cic. 

animiilus -i, m. (dim. of animus), a term of 
endearment ; mi animule, my life, Plaut. 

animus -i, m. (root AN, connected with 
anima and ave^of). I. the spiritual principle of 
life in man, opposed to corpus, the body, and to 
anima, the principle of physical life ; credo deos 
immortales sparsisse animos in corpora humana, 
Cie. ; rarely of animals, bestiae quarum ailimi 
sunt rationia expertes, Cic. II. A. the soul as 
the seat of feeling ; 1, animus alius ad alia vitia 
propensior, Cie. ; genit. animi (almost pleo- 
nastic) with adj. or subst., aeger animi, Liv. ; 
dubiua animi, Verg. ; animi metus, Cic. ; with 
animo or animi and a verb, animo tremere, Cic. ; 
animi or aniinis pendere, to he anxious, Cic. ; 
~l f character, disposition; apertua et simplex, 
Cic. ;-esse anguati animi atque demissi, Cie. ; 
pod., transf., nature; exuerint silvestrem 
aninuiii), Verg, ; 3. inclinatigi (owards some 




true; bono (ov alicno) amino esse in aliquem, 
Caes. ; mi aninic, "my dear" Plant. ; 4, cour- 
age, confidence, spirit ; fae nnimo magno tortique 
sis, Cic. ; neutria animus est ad pugnandum, 
Liv. ; so in plur., animi cadunt, courage sinks, 
Cic. ; transf., fire or vivacity in a speech, quae 
vis, qui animus, quae dignitas illi oratori defuit, 
Cic; poet., of a top, dant animos plagae, Verg. ; 
so (esp. in plural) pride, arroga nee, uxor, inflate 
adhuc vegiis animis et muliehri spiritu, Liv. ; .jam 
insolentiam noratis hominis, noratis aniinos ejus 
etspiritustribunicios, Cic. ; pone animos, Verg. ; 
5, wish, desire; militum animis expletis, Liv. ; 
animi voluptatisqne causa, Caes. B. the sov.l 
as the seat of the will; ad omnia et animo et con- 
silio paratus, Cic. ; eo ad te animo venimus at, 
&e, with the resolve to, &e, Cic. ; habco in 
animo, with infill., I am resolved, Cic. ; so in 
animum habeo, Liv. ; est mihi in animo, Cic. ; 
avet animus, with infin., Cic. ; inclinat animus, 
withut and the subj., Liv. ; ex animo, willingly, 
Cic. C. the soul as the seat of the thoughts; 1, om- 
nium mentes animosque perturbare, Cae«. ; 2, 
consciousness; deticientibusanimis, Liv.; thought, 
memor in bene meritos animus, Cic. 

Anio -onis (or -Snis from original Sabine 
form Anien), m., poet., Anienus -i, m. the 
Anio, a river, tributary to the Tiber. Adj., 1, 
Aniensis -e, 2, Anienus -a -urn, belonging 
to the Anio. 

Anius -ii, m. )n-iest of Apollo, and king of the 
island of Delos, friend of Anchises and Aeneas. 

Anna -ae, f., a, sister of Dido; b, Anna 
Perenna, a Roman goddess. 

annalis -e (annus). I. Adj., A. lasting a 
year, Varr. B. relating to a year; lex, the law 
which determined the minimum age for the great 
offices of state, Cic. II. Subst.. annalis -is, 
in. (se. liber) and plur. annales -ium, in. 
(libli) yearly records, annals, in early times kept 
by the Pontifices (h«»ce annales pontiticum or 
annales maximi), in later times composed by the 
so-called annalists (as Q. Fabius Pictor), Cic. 

annato, 1. (ad-nato), 1, to swim to, Plin. ; 2, 
to swim by the side of, Sen. 
annavigo, 1. (ad-navigo), to~voyage to, Plin. 
annecto (ad-necto) -nexKi -nexum, 3. tn bind 
to, connect with. I. Lit, stomach us ad linguam 
annectitur, Cic. II. Transf., 1, physically, 
animos corporibus, Lucr. ; 2. to connect, in a 
speech, rebus praesentibus futures adjungere 
atque annectere, Cic. ■ 

annexus -us, m. (annecto), a binding to, a 
connection, Tac. 
Annibal, v. Hannibal. 
Annicerii -orum, m, ^Avvuupetoi), a sect of 
Cyrenaic philosophers. 

anniculUS -a -urn (annus), one year old; 
neptis, Nep. 

annitor (ad-nitor) -nisus or -nixus, 3, dep. 
I. Lit,, to lean -upon; ad aliquod tamquam ad- 
miniculum, Cic. II. Transf., to strive after ; de 
triumpho, Cic. ; with ad and the ace. of the 
gerund, ad obtinendum hesternum decus, Liv. ; 
foil, by ut or ne, with the subj., Liv. ; also by 
the infin., Liv. 

Annius -a -urn, gens, an old plebeian family 
at Home, of which T. Annius Milo was a member, 
v. Milo. Adj. Annianus -a -urn, belonging to 
an Annius or Annia. 

annivcrsarius -a -um (annus and verto), 
recurring every year ; sacra, Cic. ; arma, Liv. 

1 anno (ad-no), 1. I. to swim to, or near; 
with ace, naves, Caes. ; with dat., vestris 
oris, Verg.; navibus, Liv.; generally with ad and 


the ace, ad cam urbem, Cic. II. to silAm tUi/h, 
or alongside of; peditos annantes equiSj Tac. 
2. Anno, v. 

annona -ae, f. (annus). I. yearly produce, 
crop; 1, Gen., Col.; 2, means of subsistence, 
esp. grain; annonae caritas, clearness, Cic: 
vilitas, cheapness, Cic. II. Meton., price of pro. 
visions ; annona salaria, price of salt, Liv. ; esp. 
of corn ; annonae varietas, fluctuation in the -price 
of corn, Cic. ; esp. high price of corn ; solatium 
annonae, Cic; annonam queri, to complain of 
the high price of com, Liv. ; fig., vilis amiconxm 
annona, friends are to be had cheap, Hor. 

annosus -a -um (annus), full of years, long- 
lived; cornix, Hor. 

annotatio (ad-notetio) -onis, f. (annoto), re- 
mark, annotation, Plin. 

annotator -oris, in. (annoto), one who re- 
marks, an observer, Plin. 

annotinus -a -um (annus), a year old, be- 
longing to last year; naves, Caes. 

annoto (ad-noto), 1. to note down. I. Lit., 
annotatum est, with ace andinfin., Tac. ; librum, 
to make remarks on a book, Plin. II. Transf. 
to remark, take notice of, Plin. 

annumcro (ad-numero), 1. I. to count out, 
pay ; tibi denarios, Cic. II. to reckon with ; 
with dat, aliquem his duobus, Cic. ; with in 
and the abl., aliquem patronorum in grege, Cic. 
annuntio (ad-nuntio), 1. to announce, tell, 
relate, Plin. 

annuo (ad-nuo) -fii, 3. I. to nod to; simul 
atque sibi annuisset, Cic. II. A. to assent by a 
nod or sign ; id toto capite, Cic. ; with dat, of 
person, pctenti, Verg. ; of the thing, quibus 
(praemiis) etiam rex ipse annnerat, J. iv. ; annne 
cocptii,. b-:JarourabIe to our undertaking, V erg. ; 
with Int. infin., quum annuisset se venturum, 
Liv. B. alicui aliquid, to promise; caeli arcem, 
Verg. C. to point out by a sign ; quos iste an- 
nnerat, Cic. 

annus -i, : in. (root AN connected witli 
anulus)'; revolution of time, henc? year. I. 
Lit.,'cxeunte anno, Cic. ; anno superiore, Ci. . , 
omnibus aunis, annually, Caes. ; tempus anni, 
time of the year, season, Cic. ; adv. phrases, 
1, anno, a whole year, Liv. ; in each year, 
yearly, Liv. ; so, in anno, in each year, Cic. ; 
annum, n full year, Cic. ; in annum, for a year, 
Liv. ':■«'! annum, next year, Cic ; intra annum, 
within the space of a year, Liv. ; SJ, of the years 
of a person's life ; aiinos LXX natns, seventy 
years old; Cic. jfjHanmbal annomm fernie novem, 
when nine years old, Caes. ; habere annos viginti, 
Cic. ; annum agere quartum et octogesimum, 
Cic. ; hence, like aetes, old age, confectus annis, 

Sail. ; 3, the year of a person's life at which he 
could standforanutgistracy; is enim erat annus, 
quo per leges ei consulem fieri liceret, Caes. ; 
annus mens, tuus, suus, Cic. ; so, the year of 
office; prorogare annum. Cic; 4, a year w'th 
relation to thejweather, healthiness, &c; locuples 
frugibus, Hor. ; gravissimus etpestilentissimus, 
Cic ; 5, annus magnus, a cycle of years, Cic. 
II. Transf. (poet.), 1, tim$ of year: pomifer, au- 
tumn ; hibernus, winter, Hor. ; 2, the growth of 
a year, Cic. 

annuto (ad-nuto), 1. (intens. of annuo), to 
nod to, make u sign to, Plaut. 

annutrio (ad-nutrio), 4. to nourish at or near 
to, Plin. 

anniius-a-um (annus). I. lasting for a year; 
magistratus, Caes. II. returning every year, 
annual; labor agricolarum, Cic. ; hence, subst, 
annuum -i, n. or annua -orum, n. a yearly 
sahry, peisi<1\ annuity, Plin. 



anquiro -quTsivi -qulsttum (an mid quaero), 
3. to mrcfc carefully, to inquirt after. I. Lit., 
omnia quae sunt ml vivondum nccessaria anqiii- 
rere et parare, Cic. II. Transf., A. Transit , 
to investigate; mena semper aliquid anquirii aui 
agit, Cie" B. Intransit, legal t. t. to set an in- 
quiry on foot; de perdnellione, Liv. ; eapite or 
capitis, on a charge involving capital pit nidi wait, 

ansa -no, f. a handle, lm.fl. I. Lit., ansa 
poculi, canthari, Verg. ; crepidae, the eye through 
which a slioe-tie is pasted, Tib. DE. Transf., 
occasion, opportunity ; habere reprehensiouis an- 
sam aliquam, Cic. 

Ansancti, v. Ampsancti. 

ansatus -a -urn (ansa), provided with a 
handle; homo, a man with handles, i.e., with 
arms akimbo, PJaut. 

1. anser 7 -?ris, m. a goose, Cic 

2. Anser -ens, Itl. a wanton poet, friend of 
the triumvir Antonius. 

anserlnus -a -inn (anser), relating or belong- 
ing to a goose, Plin. 

Antaeus -i, m. (' Awatos), a powerful giant, 
ruler of Libya, who compelled all Strang, rs com ing 
to his country to wrestle with him, at last slain by 
Hercules, who, observing that each time Antaeus 
fell on the earth he gained nexu force, held him 
aloft in the air and so killed him. 

Antandros (us) -i, f. ("ArrarSpo?), a (own 
of Mysia, now* Antamlro ; hence adj., Antan- 
drius -a -urn, of Antandros. 

ante (old form, anti, whence antidea, anti- 
deo, connected with avra, ivri, dmjf), prep. & 
adv. before. I. Adv., A. Of place, ante a ut 
post pugnarc, Liv. B. Of time, a, before; 
niultis ante saeculis, Cic. ; ante qua"), before 
that; ut te ante vidoret qiiani a vita discederet, 
Cic ; anno ante qnam mortuuscst, Cic. ; b, very 
rarely used as adj., neque ignari sumus ante 
malomm (= Tiui-Trpii'icaKuii'), of former sufferings, 
Vci-g. II. Prep. , before. A. Of place, 1, Lit., ante 
pedes, Cic; causam ante aliqueni diccre, before 
a y age, Cie ; 2, Transf., of preference, quem 
ante mo diligo, whom I love, more than myself, 
Cic. ; so ante alios, Liv. ; ante mums, Tac. B. 
of time, ante liicein, Cie. ; ante mo, before my 
time, <.'ic. ; often with a partic, ante urbcm 
conditam, before the founding of the city, Cie ; 
esp. a. ante annum, a year ago, Plin. ; b, ante 
rem, before the fight, Liv. ; ante tempus, he- 
fore the right time, Liv. ; c, ante diem, (a) before 
the day, Ov., (j3) before the day fixed by fate, Ov. ; 

d, ante id tempus, up to the ]>resent time, Caes. ; 

e, ante certain diem, withina fixed time; equites 
ante certain diem decederent, Cic; f, so to 
mark the date, ante diein qnarturn Idas Martins 
(a.d. IV. Id. Mart.), the, fourth day before the Ides 
of March, i.e. the twelfth of March, Cie. 

antca (ante and abl. ea), adv., before, for- 
merly, Cic. ; followed by quam, Cic. 

antcambulo -onis, m. (ante and amlmlare), 
a running footman to clear the way, Mart, 

antccanem (translation of irpoKvw), a star, 
the little d'<g, Cic. 

antccapio -cepi -ceptum, 8. I. Lit., to 
seize beforehand ; pontetn Mosae flurninis, Tac; 

locum castris, Sail. II. Transf., a, to antici- 
pate, to prepare beforehand ; quae hello Usui 
forent, Sail. ; to excite, or provoke, beforehand ; 
(a omnia (fnmem aut sitini, etc.) luxu, Sail. ; 
to use beforehand; noctcm, not to wait for, 
Sail. ; b, philosoph. 1. 1., anteceptam an lino rei 
quandam informationem, preconceived idea,, Cic. 

antccedens -entis, p. adj. (from antecedo), 

preceding. I. Plin. II. Esp., philosoph. t. t., 


causa, the antecedent cause. Subst., antece- 
dens, the antecedent cause; oftcner in plur. 
antocedontia, Cic 

antecedo -cossi -ccssura, 3. to go before, j>re- 
cede. I. Gen., A. Lit., in space, agmen, Cues.; 
absol., stcllae turn antecedunt, turn snbsequnn- 
tnr, Cic B. Transf., ill time (with dat. and 
ace), alicni aetate paulnni, Cic. II. Esp. to 
hasten before, to ort A. Lit., nuntios op- 

pugnati oppidi fan >b, Caes. B. Transf., 

to axcel; with dat., quantum natora hominis 
pecudibus reliquisque bestiis antecedat, Cic. ; 
with ace, aliqucm scientia atque usu nautiearuin 
rerum, Caes. ; absol., et auctoritatc et aetate et 
usu rerum, Cic 

antecello -ere, no perf. or sup., to distin- 
guish oneself, excel; 1, of persons, with dat. of 
person and abl. of thing, omnibus ingenii gloria, 
Cic. ; with nee. of the person and abl. of the 
thing, oranes fortuna, Tac. ; with abl. of thing 
alone, militari laude, Cic. ; 2, of things, duae 
aedes sacrae quae longe ceteris antecellant, Cie. 

anteceSSlO -onis, f. (antecedo), 1, a pre- 
ceding or going before ; quae in orbibns conver- 
sionea antecessionesque eveniunt, Oic. ; 2, the 
antecedent cause; homo causas rerum vidct 
earumque praegressus et quasi antecessiones 
non ignorat, Cic. 

antecessus -us, m. (antecedo), a going be- 
fore; in anteeessnni, in advance, Sen. 

antecursor -Oris, m. (anteeurro), one who 
runs before; plur. pioneers, advance guard of an 
army, Caes. 

antceo -ivi (and gen.)-ii, -ire (old form, anti- 
deo), to go before. I. Lit., alicni, Cic; aliqueiu, 
Hor. II. Transf., A. to go before in time ; alicni 
aetate, Cic. ; aliqucm aetate, Cic. ; si antcissent 
delicta, had happened lie/ore, Tac. B. 1, to excel ; 
alicni sapientia, Cie. ; omncs intelligentia, Cic ; 
absol., to distinguish oneself; operibus, by ac- 
tions, Cie.; 2, to anticipate; dainnatiouein ve- 
neno Tac (in poets ami post-Augustan prose, 
the syllable after ante disappears, anteat, Ov.; 
antibo, Tac). 

antcfero - 1 u l i -latum, -ferre. I. to carry he- 
fore ; viginti elarissimarum I'amiliariim imagines, 
Tac II. Transf., A. (0 prefer; longe omnibus 
n 1 1 u in Deinostheueiu, Cie.; iniquissimani paeem 

jnstissimo hello, Cic. B. to anticipate, consider 
beforehand; quod est dies allatuia, id consilio 
antefcrre debenius, Cic. 

antcfixus -a -urn, fastened in front ; truncts 
arborura antetixa ora, Tac. Subst., antefixa 
-oruin, n. ornaments fixed on the roofs and. gutters 
of houses; antetixa lictilia deoram Romanoium, 

antegredior -gressus -gredi, dep. (ante and 
gradior), to go before. I. Lit., Stella Veneris 
antegreditur solem, Cic II. Transf, causae 
antegressae, antecedent causes, Cic 

antchabeo, 2. to prefer, Tac 

antchac (old form, antidhac), adv. (ante 
and abl. hac), before this time, formerly, Cic. 

antclatus -a -um, v. antefero. 

antelucanus -a -um (ante and lux), happen- 
ing before daybreak; tempus, Cic. ; ceua, Cic 

antcmeridiamis -a -um, before noon, Cic 

antemltto, more properly separated, ante 
and mitto q.v. 

Antemnac -arum, f. Sabinrftrum at the junc- 
tion of the Anio with tin- Tiber; hence, Antcm- 
natcs -iuni, m. the inhabitants of Antemmx.:. 

antenna (antcmna) -ae, f. (an = 5io 
and teuderc), a sail-yard; antennas ad maios 
destinare, Caes. 




Antenor -oris, m. ('Avrquiap) a Trojan, the 
legendary_faunder of Patavium (Padua); licnce, 
1, Antenoreus -a -urn. belonging to An- 
tenor, Paiavian; 2, Antenorides -ae, m. 

('Ai'TT)vopi5T)s) ) ft descendant of Antenor. 

antepagmentum -i, n. the lining of a door 
or post, a jamb, Cato. • 

antepes -pedis, in. the forefoot, Cic. 

antepilani -orum, ra. the soldiers who fought 
in front of the pilani or triarii, i.e. the luistati 
and principcs, Liv •;• 

antepono -posui -posltum, 3. I. to place 
before ;' alicui prandium, Plant. II. to place-in 
front. A. Lit., equitum locos scdilibus plelris, 
Tac. B. Transf., to prefer; sc alicui, Cic;; 
ainicitiam omnibus rebus humauis, Cic. 

antepdtens -cutis, very powerful, very for- 
tunate, Plaut. 

Anteros -otis, m. CAvrepus), 1, the genius 
or avenger of slighted lore, Cic. ; 2, a kind of 
amethyst, Plin. 

antes -iom, m. rows or ranlcs, e.g. of vines, 

antesignanus -i v m. (ante and signuin), 
plur. antesignani, chosen soldiers who fought in 
front of tlie line to support the cavalry, skir- 
in is hers, ; hence, sing., a leader, Cic. 

antesto (antisto) -stlti, 1. to stand before; 
transf., to surpass; with dnt. of person and abl. 
of thing, mnltnm omnibus (dak) corporum viri- 
bus (abl.), Cic. ; absol., to be prominent, Cic. 

antestor, 1. dep. (eontr. from nntetestor), 
legal t. t., to call to witness, Hor. The formula 
was "licet antestari?" used by the demandant, 
and the person whose witness was required held 
up the lap of his ear to express his consent : 
used once by Cicero without reference to judi- 
cial proceedings. 

antevenio -veni -ventuni, 4. I. Lit, A. to 
come before, to get the. start of; per traiuites 
occultos exercitum iletelli, Sail. II. Transf., 
A. to anticipate, prevent; consilia et insidias 
hostium, Sail. B. to excel; per virtutem no- 
bilitatem, Sail. 

anteverto, antevorto -verti (-vorti) -ver- 
sum (-vorsum), 3. and dep. antevortor -vorti. 
I. Lit., to come or go before, to precede ; stella tnm 
anteverte.ns turn subsequens, Cic. II. Transf., 
A. to anticipate, hinder by anticipating ; atque id 
ipsum quum tecum agere conarer, Fannius antc- 
vertit, Cic. B. to prefer; Caesar omnibus' con- 
siliis antevertendum existimavit ut Narbohem 
proficisceretur, Caes. . - ' 

Anthedon -i5nis, f. ('Ai>8ri&uv), town' and 
state of tlie Boeotian league on the river Messapius, 
now Lukisi. '■■■. 

Anthemusia -ae, f. and Anthemusias 

-adis, f. a town in Mesopotamia. 

anthias -ae, m. (a.v8Ca<;), a sea-fish, Ov. 

anthologica, genit. -on, n. (ai/0oAoyiKo), 
anthology, a collection of extructs and small 
poems, Plin. 

Antianus, Antias, v. Antium. 

Anticato -finis, in. the Anticato, a work of 
C. Jul. Caesar in two books, in answer to Cicero's 
Cato, Juv. ...'.' 

anticipatio -Onis, f. (anticipo), a preconcep- 
tion, innate idea, Cic. 

anticipo, 1. (ante and capio), 1, to take or 
receive before, anticipate ; quod ita sit informatum 
anticipatumquo mentibus nostris, Cic. ; viam, 
to travel over before, Ov. ; ludos, to celebrate be- 
fore their time, Suet. ; 2, to come before, Lucr. 

Ant Idea and -clia -ae, f. ('AenicAeia), 

daughter of Autolycus, wife of Laertes, mother of 

anticus -a -urn (ante), forward, in front 
(opp. posticus), pars, Cic. 

Anticyra -ae, f. (AvTixvpa.), a town in 
Phocis, famous for its hellebore, now Aspro S2riti, 

antidea, antideo, antidhac, v. antea, 
anteeo, anteliac. 

antidotum -i, n. (avriSoror), an antidote, 
Suet. ": ' ;•. 

Antigenes -is, m. ('Anvyt'eij*). I. a general 
of Alexander the Great, Nep.' II. a shepherd, 

Antigenidas -ae, m. and -ides -ae, m. 
('AiTiyeri5>)s), name of two celebrated flute-players^ 
one of whom, a Theban, flourislied about 440 B.C., 
the other, a son, of Dionysius, about 33S B.C. 

Antigone -es, f. and Antigona -ae, f. CAv 
•nyon)). I. daughter of Oedipus, sister of Poly nice* 
and. Eteocles, put to death for burying her brotha 
against the command of the king of Thebes. II. 
daughter of Laomedon, king of Troy, cluinged ink 
a stork by Hera.] 

Antlgonea -ae, f. ('Arriydi-eia or 'Avriyovidy 
name of several towns, themost important of which 
were—a,, a town on the Celydnus, in Epirus; 
hence, Antigonensis -e, belonging to Anti- 
gonia; b, a town in Macedonia. 

Antigonus -i, m. CAvrlyovoi), name of seve- 
ral of the successors of Alexander the Great, the 
most celebrated of whom was Antigonus I., born 
385 b.c, father of Demetrius Poliorcetes, ruler of 
Phrygia, and, after) Alexander's death, of Pain- 
phylia and Lycia, killed at Ijjsus 301 B.C. 

Antilibanus -i, m. ('AvriXifSavos) a mountain 
■range in-Phoenicia, running pamllel to Mount 
Libauus, now Dschebel Escharki. 

Antilochus -i, m. ('Axti'Aoxo?), sonof Nestor, 
friend of Achilles. 

AntimachUS -i, iu. (Avri^axot), a Greek 
poet, contemporary with Plato. 

Antinous -i, ra. ('Avtivooi), a beautiful 
youth, beloved by the emperor Hadrian, who gave 
him divine honours on his early death. 

Antiochia -ac, f. ('Ai-nox*"*), name of 
several towns. I, Antiochia Epidaphnes (q eiri 
Aa<J»tT)«, Plin.), capital of Syria, on the river 
Orontcs, now Antakia. II. town ofCaria, on the 
Maeander; hence, adj., Antiochensis -e and 
Antiochinus -a rum, belonging to Antioch. 

Antiochus -i, in. ('Ai/noxos)- !• name of 
thirteen Syrian kings, tlie most important of whom 
mere— a, Antiochus III., Magnus, protector of 
Hannibal in his exile, conquered by L. Com.' Scipio ; 
b, Antiochus TV., Epiphanes, wlw was deterred by 
the Roman envoy, L. Popillius, from seizing Egypt ; 
C, Antiochus X., whose son, Antiochus XIII. , 
came to Home with his brotlier touphold their claims 
on Egypt. II. name of several kings ofCommagene. 
III. Antiochus of Ascalon, the last philosopher of 
the Academic school of philosophers, teaclier of Varro 
and Cicero; hence 1, Antiochius -a -urn, be- 
longing to the philosoplier Antiochus. Subst., a, 
Antiochii -orum, m. the disciples of Antiochus; 
b, ista Antiochia, the dogmas of Antiochus; 2, 
Antiochinus -a -um, a belonging to Antiochus 
III.; b, belonging to tlie philosopher Antiochus. 

Antiopa -ao, f. and Antiope -es, f. ('Ai-ti- 
oirtj), 1, daughter of Nycteus, mother of Amjihion 
and Zelhus; 2, mother of the Pierides. 

Antlpater -tri, m. ('Ai-TiVaTpos). I. name 
of several kings of Macedonia, tlie most important 
of whom was the confidant of Philip and Alex- 
ander tlie Great, king of Macedonia after Alezan- 




tier's death. II. name of several Greek philosophers; 
a, Antipater Cyrenaicus, « disciple of the elder 
Aristippua; b, Antipater of Tarsus, a Stoic, 
teacher cf Panaetins. III. L. Caclius Antipater, 

\ . ( lu'lius. 

Antipatria -ae, f. ('AcTuraTpi'a), a toivn in 
Macedonia, on the border of Illyria. 

Antiphates -ae, m. ('Arri<f><i-n)?). I. ruler 
of the cannibal Lacstrygones. II. o son of Sar- 
pedon, killed by Turnus. 

Antipbon -ontis (' \vti<p!iv). 1, a celebrated 
Athenian orator, 479-411 B.C. ; 2, a sophist, con- 
temporary and adversary of Socrates; 3, a frccd- 
»« and actor. 

Antipolis -is, f. ("AvthtoAij), town of the 
tfassilians in Gallia Narbonensis, now Antibcs. 

antiquarius a -um (antiquus), belonging to 
antiquity^ Subst., antiquarius -li, m. and 
antiquaria -ac, f., on antiquai-y, Juv., Suet. 

antique, adv. (antiquus), in an ancient 
manner, Hor. 

antiquitas -atis, f. (antiquus). I. anti- 
quity, ancient times, Cic II. Meton., 1, the 
history of ancient times, Cic. ; hence plur. the 
undents, Cic. ; 2. the gooil old times, primitive 
virtue, integrity, Cic. ; 3, great age; generis, Cic. 

antiquitus, adv. (antiquus), 1, formerly, in 
ancient times, Caes. ; 2, from antiquity, Liv. 

antiquo, 1. (antiquus), to leave in Us former 
state; lieuce, to reject a bill; legem, rogationem, 

antiquus -a -urn (for anticus, from ante). 
I, that which excels all ollter things in worth ; in 
compar. and superl., more or most weighty, im- 
portant, preferable; id antiquius consuli fuit, 
the consul preferred that, Liv. ; lie quid vita 
existimem antiquius, more important, Gvc ; nihil 
ei fuisset antiquius (followed by the in- 
fln.), Cic. ; navalis apparatus ei semper antiqu- 
issima ctira fuit, Cie. II. that which is before in 
point of time. A. Relative, old, ancient previous, 
once existing; a, antiquae lnunitiones, Caes.; 
causa antiquior memoria tua, Cic. ; subst., nam 
ilia nimia autiqna praetcreo, Cic. ; b, esji. with 
the notion of what is simple, pure, innocent; 
antiqni homines, Cic. B. Absol., having existeil 
for a long time, old, ancient, venerable ; tuus 
antiquissimus amicus, Cic. ; esp. of towns, urbs, 
Verg. Subst., antiqui -orum. m. the people 
of (ild time, ancient authors, old statesmen, men of 
old, Cic 

Antissa -ae, f. ("Ai'tkto-oV a town on a small 
island near Jyesbos ; hence, Antissaci -Oram, 
m. the Antissaeans. 

nntistcs -stitis, c. (antisto). I. a presiding 
priest or priestess ; sacroruin, Cic. II. Trans f., 
master in any art ; artis dicendi, Cic. 

Antisthonca -is and -ae, in. ('AiTio-flterjO, 
a Qra k philosopher, founder of Hue. Cynic school. 

antistlta -ae, f. (antistes), o presiding 
priestess, Cic, Ov. 

antisto, v. antesto. 

antitheton -i, n. (apTi0rroi<), a figure of 
rhetoric, antithesis, opposition, Cic. 

Antium -ii, n. ('AtTioi'), an old town ofLatium 
on the sea-coatt, now Torre or Porto d'Anzio; 
hence, 1, Antianus -a -urn ; 2, Antias -atis, 
■■ ng to Antium. 

antUa -ae, f. (iwAfor), a pump, Mart. 

Antomaster -tri, m. an imitator of the 
Oratory of Antonius, Cic 

Antoninus -i, m. a name af several Roman em- 
perors, the most notable of whom are, 1 Antoninus 
Piss, ruled from 13S-101 a.d. ; 2, M. Aurelius 

Antoninus Philosophus, son-in-law and adopted 
son of the former, ruled from 101-1S0 a.d; 3, 
M. Aurelius Antoninus, v. lleliogabalus. 

Antonius -a -Ulll, gens, the name of a, Roman 
family, the most distinguished members of which 
were: (1) M. Antonius, surnamed Orator, bom 
B.C. 144, put to death by Marivs and Cinna SS ; 
introduced by Cicero as a speaker in the dialogue 
De Oratore. (2) M. Antonius Crcticus, son of 
(1) despatched against the pirates of the eastern 
Mediterranean in 74 B.C. (3) C. Antonius, 
second son of the preceding, the accomplice oj 
Catiline, colleague with Cicero in the consulship, 
B.C. (53. (4) M. Antonius Triumvir, son of (2), born 
B.C. S3, the bitter enemy of Cicero, after Caesar's 
death triumvir with Octaviunus and Lepidus, 
defeated by Octavianus at the battle of Act in m 
(B.C. 81) ; killed himself shortly after. (5) lulus 
Antonius, son of (4), by Fulvia, brought up by 
the elder Octavia; hence, adj., Antonianus 
-a -um, of or relating to Antonius. 

antrum -i, n. (avrpov), a cave, Ov., Verg. ; 
transf., the hollow of a tree ; exesae arboris antro, 
Verg. ; of a litter, vchi clauso antro, Juv. 

Aniibis -bidis, in. ('Avovfa, Egyptian Anup, 
or Anupu), an Egyptian god, represented with a 
dog's head ; latrator A., Verg. 

anularius -a -um (anulus), belonging to a 
seal ring ; sealae, aplace in Home, Suet. Subst., 
anularius -i, m. a ring maker, Cic. 

anulatus -a -um (anulus), beringed, orna- 
mented with rings ; aures, Plant. 

anulus, anniilus -i, m. (I. anus), a ring, 
Esp. I. a finger or signet ring ; in ejusmodi cera 
centum sigilla impriniere hocanulo, Cic. ; vilis- 
sima utensilium annlo clausa, sealed vp, Tac. ; 
anulus cquestris, the gold ring which was the sign 
of a knight in Borne, Hor. ; anuluin invenire, to 
be raised to the rank of a knight, Cic. II. Of ob- 
jects similar in form, 1, a curtain ring, Plin. ; 
2, the link of a fetter, Plin. ; 3, a ringlet of hair, 

1. anus -i, m. the fundament, Cic. 

2. anus -us, f. an old woman, Cic. ; anus 
Cumaea, the Sibyl, Ov. ; in apposition, old; 
sacerdos, Verg. ; of animals and things, cerva, 
Ov. ; amphora, Mart. ; Appia via, Prop. 

anxic, adv. (auxins), anxiously, Sal!. 

anxietas -atis, f. (anxius). I. anxiety, 
anxiousness, as a trait in a person's character, 
while angor is the transitory feeling of anxiety, 
Cic. ; also = angor, grief' anguish, Ov. II. 
Transf. painful accuracy, Quint. 

anxifer -fera -ferum (anxius and fero), causing 
anxiety, Cic. 

anxitudo -Inis, f. (anxius), anxiousness, Cic. 

anxius -a-um (ango). I, anxious, uneasy ; 
anxii senes, Cic; anxium habere aliquem. to 
make anxious, Tac; anxius aniino, Sail.; with 
abl. of cause, ira et metu, Sail. ; witli genit., 
furti, Ov. ; with de and the abl., de successors, 
Suet. ; with pro, pro mundi regno, Ov. ; fol- 
lowed by ne, Sail. ; an ... an, Tac. ; -ne 
(enclitic) . . . an, Sail. ; quonam inodo, Tac ; 
unde, Hor. II. Transf., causing anxiety or an- 
guish; aegritudiues, Cic. 

Anxur -oris, in. and n. I. m, Auxur (Axur), 
and Anxurus, a deity of the Volscians, identified 
with the Etruscan Vejovis; Anxurus Jnppiter, 
Verg. II. n. an old town of the Volsci, on Oie sea- 
coast, afterwards called Termcina. Adj., Anxur- 
nas -fitis, belonging to Anxur. 

Aon -5llis, in. fAw^), son_ of Poseidon, an 
okl Boeotian hero; hence 1, Aoncs -um, ace 
-as, m. (*Aoi<f?), Boeotians; 2, Aonia -ae, f. 
('Aoi'i'a), mythic name of Boeotia, in which were 




the mountain Helicon and the spring Aganippe, 
the resort of the Muses; 3, Aonides -um, f. the 
Mtises ; 4, AoniUS -a -um ('Aduos) belonging 
to Aonia ; vertex, Helicon, Verg. ; vir, Hercules, 
bom at Thebes, Ov. ; juvenis, Hippomenes, Ov. ; 
dens, Bacchus, Ov. ; tons and aquae, Aganippe, 
Ov. ; sorores, the Muses, Ov. ; vates, a poet, Ov. 

Aornos -i, in. and f. (aopyos, without birds), 
the lake of Avernus, Verg. 

Aous -i, in. ('AcJos), a river in Illyria, now 
Viosa or Vovussa. 

apage, interj., aivay toith thee! be off! Ter., 

Apamea and -la -ae, f. ('ATi-a^eia), 1, a town 
of Syria on the Orontes, now Afamiah or Famit; 
2, a town of I'hrygia on the Maeander ; 3, a 
town of Bithynia. Adj., Apamensis -e and 
Apamenus -a -um, belonging to Apainea. 

Apelles -is, in. ('An-eMTJs), one of the greatest 
Greek painters, friend of Alexander the Great. 
Adj., Apelleus -a -um. 

Apenninicola -ae, c. (Apenniuus and colo), 
on inhabitant of the Apennines, Verg. 

Apenninigena -ae, c. (Apenniuus and 
giguo), one bom upon the Apennines, Ov. 

Apenmnus -i, m. (connected with Keltic 
Pen, a mountain-top), the chain of the Apennines, 
a mountain range running dov . through the 
centre of Italy. 

aper, apri, m. a wild boar, Cic. ; prov., uno in 
saltu duos apros capere, to kill two birds with 
one stone, Plaut. ; apros immittere liquidis fon- 
tibus, to do something absurd and perverse, Verg. 

Aperantli -Orum, in. ('An-epajToi), a people 
in northern Aetolia ; hence Aperantia -ae, f. 
their country. 

aperio -perui -pertum, 4. (ad-pario, from 
root PAR, whence pario). I. to uncover, to lay 
bare, to expose to view. A. Lit., caput, to un- 
cover, Cic. B. Transf., occulta, to make known, 
Cic; sententiain suam, to pronounce, Cic. ; casus 
futures, to predict, Ov. ; refl., se aperire and 
middle nperiri, to reveal one's true character; 
studioque aperiinur in ipso, Ov. ; memet ipse 
aperio quis sim, Liv. II. to open what was 
shut, to unclose. A. Lit., fores, Cic. ; epistolam, 
Cic. ; fundamenta tenipli, to excavate, Liv. ; fig., 
fontes eloquentiae, Cic. B. Transf., to open up 
a country, render it accessible; Pontuni, Cic; 
Syriam, Tac ; lociiin asylum, to throw open as 
an asylum, Liv ; luduin, to open a school, Cic. ; 
annum, to begin the year (poet., of the constella- 
tion Aries, because, on the entry of the sun 
into it the new year began for the farmer), Verg. 

aperte, adv., with compar. and superl. 
(apertus), a, openly; inentiri, Cic. ; b, without 
concealment, straightforwardly; scribere, Cic. ; 
diccie, Cic 

aperto, 1. (intens. of aperio), to lay bare, Plaut. 

apertus -a -um, p. adj., with compar. and 
superl. (from aperio), open, uncovered. I. A. 
Lit., aether, caelum, clear, Verg. ; naut. t.t, 
naves, undecked, Cic; milit. t.t., undefended; 
latus, humerus, unshielded, exposed, Cacs. B. 
Transf. char, unconcealed, manifest; a, actio, 
Cic ; apcrtum latrocinium, Cic. ; aportuni est, 
it is clear, followed by ace. and iulin., ostsoaliquou 
numen praestaiitissiniae mentis, Cic. ; in aperto 
esse, (a), 'o be evident; quo ad cognoscenduin 
omnia illustria magis magisque in aperto sint, 
Sail.; (J3), to be practicable ; fessos hieme hostes 
aggredi, Tac. ; b, of speech, clear, intelligible, 
unconcealed; narratio aperta, Cic ; apertis or 
apertissimis verbis, Cic. ; o, of character/rant, 
itraightfurward, open ; animus, Cic. ; )ioi|io, Cjc. 

II. unclosed, open, free, unhindered, accessible. 

A. Lit., a, vastum atque apertum mare, Caes. ; 
canipi ad dimicandum aperti, Liv. Subst., 
apertum -i, n. an open sj>ace ; in aperto castra 
lucare, Liv.; b, milit. t.t., open; proelium, Liv. 

B. Tian sf. 0j>cn, accessible', beate Vivendi via, Cic. 
apex -icis, m. tlie top or summit. I. Gen., 

mentis, Ov. ; flammac, Ov. II. Esp., A. the 
to}) of the conical cap of the Roman flamines, 
hence the cap itself; lanigeri apices, Verg. ; api- 
ceni Diulem alicui imponere, to make a person 
flamen of Jove, Liv. ; also the tiara of eastern 
kings and satraps, rcguiu apices, Hor. ; so lig., 
crown ; apex senectutis est auctoritas, Cic B. 
a helmet, Verg. C. Grainm., the long mark over a 
vowel, Quint. 

aphaerema -atis, n. {afaCpepa), a coarse kind 
of grits, Pliu. 

Aphareus, -8i, m. ('A(papev's). I. a king of 
the Mcsscnians, father of Lynceus and Idas; hence 
Aphareius -a ■\un,bclougi>ig to Aphareus. II. 
a Centaur, whose arm icas broken by Theseus at 
the wedding of I'irithous. 

aphractus -i, f. (a^pajcros), a long undecked 
boat, Cic 

Aphrodisia -orum, n. ('A^po^io-ia), thefesti- 
vat of Aphrodite, Plaut. 

Aphrodisias -adis, f. CAcf>poS«rias), name of 
several towns ; 1, a town onthe borders of Phrygia 

and Carta, now Gheira; hence Aphrodisien- 

ses-ium, m. the people of Aphrodisias ; 2, a har- 
bour in Cilicia, near Porto Cavaliere. 

apiacus -a -um (apiuMi), like parsley, Cato. 

apianus -a -um (apis), relating or belonging 
to bees, Plin. 

apiarius -ii, m. (apis), a bee-keeper, Plin. 

apicai/US -a -um (apex), adorned with the 
priest's cap, Ov. 

Apicius -ii, m. re Roman name; M. Gabius 
Apicius, a celebrated epicure in the time of 

Apidanus -i, m. (A-m&avos), a river in Thes- 
saly, tributary of the Peneus. 

apinae -a.rum, f. trifles, Mart. 

Apiolae -arum, f. a toivn in Latium. 

Apion-onis, m. surname of Ptolemaeus, king 
of Gyrene. 

1. apis -is, f. (girl's), a bee, Cic, Verg. 

•2. Apis -is, ace. -im, in. ('Attis), a sacred bidl 
of the Egyptians at Memphis. „ 

apiscor, aptus, 3. dep. I. to attain to, come 
up to, reach; mare, Cic. II. Transf., 1, to lay 
hold of, grasp, Lucr. ; 2, to attain to (the object 
of one's desire), cujus (finis bonorum) apiscendi 
causa, Cic. ; sunimum honorem, Liv. ; once in 
Tac, with genit., dominationis. 

apium -ii, n. parsley, Hor. 

aplustre -is, n. (tykao-Tov), generally plur. 
aplustria -mm, n. and aplustra •orum, n. the 
carved stern of a ship, with Us ornaments, Lucr. 

apocleti -orum, in. (an-djcAij-roi). the supreme 
council of the Aetolian League, Liv, 

apodyterium -i. n. (anohv-rgpiov), the dress- 
ing-room in a bath, Cic 

Apollo -Inis (-onis), in. (' \n6k\uv), Apollo, son 
of .hipjiiter anil J.atoua, brother of Diana, god of 
archery, music, poetry, prophesying, and the sun, 
born at Delos ; hence, Deling vates, Verg. ; and 
simply Delias, 'Cic. j ad Apollinis (se. aedem) 
to the temple of Apollo, Liv. ; aperitnr Apollo, 
the temple of Apollo becomes visible, Verg. ; pro- 
lnontoiiuin Apollinis, a promontory north of 
Utica, over against Sardinia, now Cape Zibib, 
Liv,; hence, A. Adj., Apollinaris -e, sacred 




to Apollo ; ludi, games held in honour of Apollo on 
the 5th of July, Cic Subst., Xpollinare -is, 
n. a place sacred to Apollo, Liv.; B. Apollmous 
-n -nm, pertaining to Apollo; orbs, Dclos, Ov. ; 
proles, Aesculapius, Ov. ; vates, Orpheus, Ov. ; 
an, prophecy or medicine, Ov. 

Apollddorus -i, m. ('AiroAAdSMpot), 1, a 
rhetorician nf I'ergamum, teacher of Augustus ; 2, 
grammarian and mythological Writer of Athens, 
about 140 B.c. 

Apollonia -ae, f. CA7n>AAeun.'a), 1, citadel 
near Navpactus, Liv. ; 2, town, in Illyria, now 
Potom'a or Po/inn,Cic ; 8. town. i>t Macedonia, now 
Foliwa, Liv. ; hence, a, Apollomatcs -ae, in. 
an inhabitant of Apollonia ; b, Apolldnien- 
Sis -e, belonging to Apollonia. 

Apollonls -idis, f. ('AwoAAam'y), a town in 
lydia; lience Apollonidonsis -e, belonging 
to Apolhnis. 

ApolldnlUS -li, m. OAn-oAAwvio?), 1, Apol- 
ionius Alabandensis, Greek rhetorician, living 
about 120 b.c. ; 2, Apollonius Molo, a Greek 
rhetorician, living about 110 B.C. ; 3, Apollonius 
Kliodius, author of the Argonautica ; 4, Apollo- 
nius Tyaneus, philosoplier and magician inlst 
cent. a.d. 

apologus -i, in. (in-dAoyos), a narrative, a 
fable, in the manner of Aesop, Cic. 

apophoreta -drum, n. (i^o^dprjTo), presents 
given to guests, especially at the time of the Satur- 
nalia, Suet. 

dpoproegrneria -oruin, n. plur. (anoirporiy 
txtva), in the philosophy of the Stoics, that which 
It to be rejected (opp. to proegmena), Cic. 

apothoca -ae, f. (iiroBrjicn), a store-room, 
magazine, especially for wine, Cic. 

apparate, adv. with com par. (apparatus), 
with much prejnratian, splendidly; opipare ct 
apparate cderc et bibere, Cic. 

apparatio -onis, f. (apparo), preparation, 
popuf&riuni uiuncruni, Cic. 

1. apparatus -us, m. (apparo). I. Alwtr. 
a preparation, preparing; operis, Cic. ; belli, Liv. ; 
IL Concr., preparation, i>rovision, equipment. 
A. Gen. tenulculua, Cic. ; omnia apparatus op- 
pugnandarum urbloni, Liv. ; plur. apparatus 
regii, Cic. B. Esp. brilliant preparations, 

lour, magnificence, j>omp; 1, Lit. pomp; 
regiua, Cic; 2, Transf., of a speech, display, 
; dixit causani illam nullo apparatu pure 
ct dilucide, -Cic. 

2. apparatus -a -tun, p. adj. with compar. 

and auperL (from apparo), prejKircd, ready ; of 
things, well supplied, sumptuous, splendid ; domus 
apparatior, Cic. 

appareo (ad-pareo) -iii -Hum, 2. to become 
, to appear. I. Gen. A. Lit. equusmecum 
deinersus nirsum appanUt, Cic. ; with dat. of 
person, anguis ille, qui Sullao apparuit immo- 
lanti, Cic. ; so of appearance before a court of 
Justice, in his subselliis me apparere nollem, 
Cic. ; of daylight, stars, kc, Tib. B. Transf., 
1, to be visible, to show itself, be manifest ; non 
apparere labores nostros, Hor. ; 2, re's apparet 
and apparet, with ace. and intin. or relafc, gen- 
tence, it is rl^ir, plain, manifest, Cic. II. Esp. to 
appear as a servant to some person in authority, 
or deity, to serve; a, saevi in limine regis ap- 
parent, Cic. ; b, to serve a magistrate, as lictor, 
clerk, kc. ; with dat. of person, consulibus, 
Liv. ; with dat. of thing, quaestioni, Cic. 

apparlo, 3. to get, obtain, Lucr. 

apparitio -onis, f. (appareo, Xo. II.). A. 
A waiting upon, serving, Cic. B. Meton. plur. 
= apparitores, servants, Cic, 

apparitor oris, m. (appareo, No. IL), a ser- 
rant ; esp. a puotic servant, e.g., a lictor, etc., Cic. 

apparo (ad-pitro), 1. to prepare for, get ready 
for, provide ; convivhun, Cic. ; bellum, iter, ludos, 
Cic. ; crimina in oliquem, get tip charges, Cic. ; 
foil, by intin., Caes. 

appcllatio -onis, f. (1. appello), an address- 
ing. I. with words, speaking to. A. Gen. banc 
nactuaappellationia causam, Caes. B. Legal t.t., 
appeal; tribuiiorum, to the tribunes, Cic. ; II. 
Of sounds. A. Pronunciation, litterarum, Cic. 
B. Naming ; hence, melon. = nomen, name, title; 
inanis, Cic. ; plur., regum appellationcs, Cic. 

appellator -oris, m. (l. appello), an appel- 
lant, Cic. 

appellito 1. (freq. of 1. appello), to be occms- 
tovied to name, Tac. 

1. appello 1. (intens. of 2. appello). I. 
to address, accost, with words. A. Gen. 1, 
singulos appellare, Cic. ;. nominatim, Caes.; 2, 
to ask a person to do something, to make a j>ro- 
posed to a person; a, aliquem, Cic. ; aliquem 
de proditione, Liv. ; b, legal t.t., to appeal to; 
praetorem, Cic. ; tribunes, Liv. ; a praetore tri- 
bunos, Cic. ; de aestimatione et solutionibus, 
Caes. ; c, to apply to for payment ; aliquem de 
pecunia, Cic. ; d, to sue ; cavendum est ne iisdem 
de causis alii plectantur, alii ne appellentur qui- 
dem, Cic. ; II. Of sounds, 1, to pronounce, lit- 
tcras, Cic; 2, to name, entitle; aliquem sapientem, 
Cic. ; appellata est ex viro virtus, Cic. ; (Scipio) 
Africanus ob egregiam victoriam de Hannibale 
Poenisque appellatus, Liv. ; hence, to mention by 
name; quos idcirco non appello hoc loco, Cic. ; 
aliquem nutu siguiticationeque, to make known, 

2. appello (ad-pello), -piili -pulsum, 3. to 
drive to, bring to. I. Gen. A. Lit. turres ad 
opera Caesaris, Caes. B. Transf., aninium or 
menteni ad aliquid, to direct the mind to some- 
thing; nientemadphilosophiam, Cic. II. Esp., 
Nautical t.t., to bring to lawl ; navem ail 
rlpain, Cic. ; classem in inaulam, Liv. ; poet., 
aliquem, with dat., bine me digressus vest lis 
Pens appulit oris, Verg. ; ]iass., appelli, of the 
ship; navis appellitur ad villain, Cic; of the 
persons in the ship, alios ad Sicilian! appulsoa 
esse, Cic. ; refl., se appellcre, in portum classe, 
Liv. ; absol., hue appellc, put in here, Hor. 

appcndiciila -ac, f., (dim. of appendix), a 
little addition, Cic. 

appendix -Tcis, f. (appendo), an appendage, 
addition, an appendix to anything; vidit enim 
appendiceal animi esse corpus, Cic. ; appendices 
Olcadum, smaller contingents, Liv. 

appendo (ad-pendo), -pendi -pensum, 3. to 
weigh to; auruni alicui, Cic. ; transf., non enim 
ea verba me annumerare, pay out, like small 
coin ; lectori putavi oportere, sed tamquam ap- 
pendere, weigh out, like whole bars, Cic. 

appetens -entis, p. adj. with compar. and 
super!, (from appeto), 1, desirous of; gloriae, 
Cic. ; 2, desirous of gold, avaricious; homo uon 
enpidus neque appetens, Cic 

appetenter, adv. (appetens), greedily, Cic. 

appetentia -ae, f. (appetens), desire, longing, 
laudis, Cic. 

appetltio -onis, f. (appeto), 1, grasping at, 
Cic. ; 2. longing for, desire; with genit., princi- 
patus, Cic. 

appetitus -us, m. (appeto), a passionate 
longing, passion, appetite; voluptatis, Cic. 

appeto (ad-peto), -Ivi and -i: -Itum, 3. to 
reach to. I. Gen. to grasp at. seize on; A. Lit., 
solem manibus, Cic ; haec enim ipsa sunt hon- 
dabilia, salutari, appeti, to have their hands 




kissed, Cic. B. Transf., to desire, seek ; regnum, 
Cic. ; with infm., ut appetat animus aliquid 
agere semper, Cic. II. Esp. A. to make for or 
qo to a place, to go to, arrive at; Europam, Cic. ; 
Blare terrain appetens, pressing on the land, Cic. 
B. to attack; aliquem lapidibus, Cic; transf., 
ignomiuiis omnibus appetitus, Cic. C. to draw 
near, of time ; dies appetebat Septimus, qucm 
coustituerat, Cic. 

1. Appia (Apia) -ae, f. a town in Thrygia ; 
hence Appianus -a -um, of Appia, Appian. 

2. Appia, fem. of Appius. 

appingo (ad-pingo) -pinxi -pictum, 3. to paint 
to, or upon. I. Lit. delphinum silvis, Hor. II. 
Transf., to write in addition; aliquid novi, Cic. 

Appius -ii, m., Appia -ae, f. a Roman 
praenomen, common in the geus Claudia, v. 
Claudius ; hence, 1, Appius -a -um, Appian ; 
via, the celebrated road from. Rome to Capua, 
afterwards extended to Rrundisium, constructed 
a.u.c. 442 by the Censor, App. Claudius Caecus; 
aqua, re conduit constructed by the same, Liv. ; 
Appii Forum, v. forum ; 2, Appias -adis, 
f. a, the statue of a nymph which stood at the 
commencement of the above-mentioned aqueduct, 
Ov. ; b, Appiades deae, statues in the temple of 
Venus, which stood near this aqueduct, Ov. : 3, 
Appianus -a -um, belonging to an Appius, 
Appian; libido (of the Decemvir App. Claudius), 

Appietas -atis, f. the antiquity of the Appian 
family, a word invented by Cicero to flatter Apphis. 

applaudo (ad-plaudo) -plausi -plausum, 3. 
I. Trans., to strike upon, to clap; cavis applauso 
corpora palmis, Ov. II. Intrans. to applaud, 

applicatio -onis, f. (applico). I. inclination ; 
animi, Cic. II. .jusapplicationis, therights spring- 
ing from the relation of patron and client, Cic. 

applicatus -a -um, p. adj. (from applico), 
applied to, lying near, Varr. 

applico (ad-plico), -avi -atum and -fii -itum, 
1. I. to add to, apply to, place to or near, join to, 
put to. A. Lit., a, se ad flammam, Cic. ; oscula 
feretro, to kiss, Ov. ; ensem capulo tenus, to 
drive in, Verg. ; milit. t.t., corpora corporibus, 
to close up the ranks, Liv. ; b, in passive, esp. 
in partic. perf., lying near, situated near, built 
near; Leucas colli applicata, Liv. B. Transf., 

1, to connect; voluptatem ad honcstatem, Cic; 

2, se ad and sc alicui, to attach oneself to ; se ad 
aliquem quasi patronum, Cic. ; se ad alicu.jus 
familiaritateiii, or amicitiam, or societatem, Cic. 
II. to turn or direct towards. A. Lit. nautical 
t.t., to steer a ship towards, to bring to land; 
naves ad terrain, Caes. ; navem ad aliquem, 
Cic; absol., to land; quocumque litore appli- 
cuisse naves hostium audissent, Liv. B. Transf., 
to devote oneself to ; se ad eloquentiam, Cic. ; 
(perf. applicui, only once in Cic. ; sup. appli- 
citum and partic. applicitus not used by Cic). 

apploro, 1. to lament, deplore, Hor. 

appono (ad-pono). -pSsui -positum, 3. I. to 
place near, to put to. A. Gen. gladium, Cic. 
B. Esp., a, to serve, put on the table; patellam, 
Cic. ; apposita secunda mensa, Cic. ; b, in 
writing, to place near ; notam ad versum, or epis- 
tolis, Cic. II. Transf. A. a, to appoint; cus- 
todem me Tullio. Cic. ; b, to procure, suborn; 
calumniatores, Cic B. to put to, add to; 1, 
Gen., annos alicui, Hor. ; vitiis moduni, Cic. ; 
lucro, reckon as a gain, Hor. ; 2, to add, by 
way of command, aqua et igni interdictnm reo 
appositumque, ut teneretur insula, Tac. 

apporrectus -a -um (ad and porrigo), ex- 
tended near, Ov. 

apporto (ad-porto), 1. to carry, bring to; 
lapidem, signa, Cic. 

apposco (ad-posco), 3. toaskinaddilion, Hor. 

apposite, adv. (appositus), appropriately, 
appositely; <Iicere apposite ad pcrsuasionem, Cic. 

appositus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (from appono), placed, near. I. Lit., 
situated, ov lying mar ; castellum fluinini app., 
Tac. II. Transf., A. Gen., audacia tidentiae 
non contrarium sed appositum et propinquum, 
Cic. ; B. Esp., fit, appropriate, apposite; menses 
appositi ad agendum, Cic. ; homo bene appositus 
ad istius audaciam, Cic 

appotus (ad-potus) -a -um, very drunk, Plaut. 

apprecor (ad-prScor), l., dep. to worship, 
pray to ; rite deos, Hor. 

apprehendo (ad-prehendo) -prghendi -pre- 
hensuin, 3. and poet, apprendo (ad-prendo) 
-prendi -prensum, 3. to seize, lay hold of. I. Lit, 
A. Gen., claviculis adminicula tamquam mani- 
bus, Cic. B. Esp., to take possession of; His- 
panias, Cic II. Transf., of discourse, to bring 
forward, allege ; ut quidquid ego apprehenderam, 
statim accusator extorquebat, Cic. 

apprime (apprimus), adv., by far, above all, 
exceedingly, Plant., Nep. 

apprimo -pressi, -pressum, 3. (ad and pre- 
1110), to press to ; dextram alicujus, Tac. 

apprdbatio -onis, f. (approbo). I. appro- 
bation, approval, assent, Cic. II. Esp., philo- 
soph. t.t., proof; quae (propositio) uon indiget 
approbatione, Cic. 

approbator -oris, m. (approbo), one who 
approves or assents ; profectionis meae, Cic. 

approbe, adv. (ad and probus), very well; 
ilium novisse, Plaut. 

approbo (ad-pr6bo), 1. 1 ? to approve of, as- 
sent to; consilium alicujus, Cic ; esp. of a deity, 
to bless, approve of; quod actum est dii appro- 
bent, Cic. ; 2, to prove, to establish; proposi- 
tioncm app. et firmare, Cic. 

appromitto (ad-promitto)-misi -missum, 3. 
to promise in addition, i.e. to promise also in one's 
own name, Cic 

appropero (ad-prop8ro) -avi, atum, -are. 
I. Trans., to hasten; coeptum opus, Liv.; II. 
Intrans., to hasten ; approperate, Cic. ; appr. ad 
cogitatum facinus, Cic. 

appropinquatio -onis, f. (appropinquo), 
approach; mortis, Cic. 

appropinquo (ad-propinquo), 1. to ap- 
proach, draw near. I. Of place, ad summam 
aquam, Cic. ; with dat. januae, Liv.; Oceano, 
Caes. II. Transf., a, of time, hierus appro- 
pinquat, Caes. ; illi poena, nobis libertas appro- 
pinquat, Cic. ; b, of persons, qui jam appropia- 
quat ut videat, is near to seeing, Cic. 

appugno (ad-pugno), 1. to. storm, assault; 
castra, Tac. 

Appulejus, or Apulejus»i, m. a Roman 
name; 1, L. Appulejus Saturninus, tribune of the 
people, 100 B.C. ; 2, a Roman writer, born about 
130 a.d., at Madaura, in Africa. Adj., 1. Appu- 
lejus -a -um, of or belonging to Appndejus ; lex 
(Ae. majestate) introduced by the tribune Ap- 
pulejus ; 2, Appulejanus -a -um, of or be- 
longing to Appulejus. 

Appulia, Apulia -ae, f. a country in the 
south of Italy. Adj., a, Appulicus -a -um, 
inare, Die Adriatic Sea, Hor. ; b, Appulus -a 
-um, Apulian. 

appulsus -fls, m. (2. appello). I. a driving 
towards. A. an approach; quod pars earum 
(regionum) appulsu solis exarserit, Cic. £, in- 




fluence produced by approach ; caloris, Cic. II. 
landing on, landing; litorum, Liv. 

apricatio -ouis, f. (npricor), a basking in the 
sun, Cic. 

apricitas -atis, f. (apricus), sunniness, sun- 
shine, warmth, 1'lin. 

aprlcor, 1., dep. (apricus), to sun oneself, Cic. 

apricus -a -um, adj. with com par. and su- 
perl. (for apericus, from aperiol I. Lit., Of 
places, open to the sun, sunny; locus, Cic; in 
apricum proferre, to bring to light, Hor. II. 
Transf., loving the sun ; flores, Hor. ; mergi, 
Verg. ; senes, Peis. 

' Apr ills -e (aperio), Aprilis inensis or Sttbst., 
the month of April, Cic. 

aprinus -a -um (apcr), relating or belonging 
to a wild boar, Plin. 

aprugnus -a -um (aper), belonging to a wild 
boar, Plant. 

Apsus -i, m. ("Ai//os), a river of Illyria, now 

aptatus -a -um(partic. of a.pto), fitted, appro- 
priate, Cic. 

apte, adv., witli compar. and superl. (aptus), 
fitly, appropriately ; facere, dicere, Cic. 

apto, 1. (intcns. of *apo), to fit to, adapt to, 
adjust. I. Gen., corpori anna, Liv. ; enses dex- 
teris, Hor. II. to prepare, get ready. A. Lit., 
nrma, Liv. ; classem velis, Verg. ; se annis, 
Liv. B. Transf., to make fit or appropriate ; hoc 
veibum est ad id aptatum quod, etc., Cic. 

aptUS -a -uin, 1. (partic of obsolete verb, 
*apo). I. Partic, 1, Lit., fastened to; gladius 
e lacunari seta equina aptus, Cic.; 2, Transf., 
depending upon ; lionestum ex quo aptum est 
ofticium, Cic. ; with abl. alone, rudentibus apta 
fortuna, Cic. B. connected, joined, n''Ud ; 1, 
Lit, a, omnia inter hc connexa ot apta, Cic; 
b, prepared, equipped, fitted out ; omniasibi esse 
au bellum apta et parata, Cic. ; caelum stellis 
fulgentibus aptum, adorned with, Verg. ; 2, 
Transf., Thncydides verbis aptus et pressus, Cic 
II. Adj., with compar. and superl., suitable, ap- 
propriate, fitting; with ad ami the ace, mititeB 
minus apti ad hujus generis hostein, Cic ; id 
pallium esse aptum ad ounie anni tempus, Cic. ; 
with in and the ace, in quod (genus) minus apti 
sunt, Liv. ; with dat., haec genera dicencli apti- 
ora sunt adolescentibus, Cic. ; absol., verbis 
quam maxime aptis, Cic. 

apud (aput), prep., with ace. (root AP, 
whence apo,, aptus, apud thus meaning being 
fastened to, near to), at, near, by, with, chiefly 
used of persons. I. Of nearness to persons, 
1, apud aliquem sedere, near, Cic. ; plus apud 
me antiquorum auctoritas valet, Cic ; hence 
a^ apud me, at my house, Cic. ; apud §e esse 
(fig.), to bs in possession of one's faculties, 

tut. ; b, apud exercitum esse, to be serving 
as a soldier, Cic ; 2, before, in the presence of; 
apud judices, Cic. ; 3, with ; cousequi gratiam 
apud bonos viros, Cic. ; hence, with — in the 
time of; apud patres nostros, Cic. ; 4, of an 
author, in the works of; apud Xenopliontem, 
Cic. : 5, to ; apud aliquem queii, Cic II. Of 
places, 1, in tlie neighbourhood of; apud Alyziam, 
Cic. ; 2, at, in; apud villain, Cic 

Apulejus, v. Appulejus. 

Anulia, v. Appulia. 

aqua -ae, f. (akin to Keltic arh and Sanscrit 
apa = water), icater. I. Lit., A. water in the 
broadest meaning of the word ; pluvia, Cic. ; 
marina, Cic. ; plur., aquae dulces, Cic. ; special 
phrases, a, aspeigerealieui aquam, to re-animate, 
Plaut. ; b, aquam praebere, to entertain, Hor. ; c, 
aqua et ignis, tit* necessaries of life ; non aqua, non 

igni, ut aiunt, locis pluribus utimur quam ami- 
c-itia, Cic. ; hence, (a) aqua et igni interdieere 
alicui, Cic ; or aqua et. igni aliquem arcere, Tac ', 
tobanish ; (0) aquam terramque petere orposcere 
ah aliquo, to demand submission from the enemy, 
a Persian custom, Liv. ; d, aqua barret, then is 
a difficulty or a hitch, Cic. ; e, in aqua scribere, 
to write in water, Cat. B. water in a narrower 
souse ; 1, a, the sea; ad aquam, on the sea-coast. 
Cic. ; b, «■ lake; Albanae aquae deductio, Cic. , 
C, a river ; secunda aqua, down stream, Liv. ; 2,' 
rain, Hor.; 3, plur., aquae ; a, spring*, Verg. ; 
b, hot medicinal springs; ad aquas venire, Cic. ; 
hence as a proper name, Aquae Sextiae, &c ; 4, 
of an aqueduct, aquam ducere non longe e villa, 
Cic ; 5, water inthe water-clock; hence, aquam 
dare, to give time, Plin. ; aquam perdere, to 
lose time, Quint. ; 6, tears, Prop. II. Transf., 
Aqua, a constellation, Cic. poet. 

aquaeductus -us, m. ;1, an aqueduct, Cic; 
2, the right of conveying icater to a- place, Cic. 

aqualiculus -i, m. (dim. of aqualis), a 
small water-vessel ,'jhence, the belly, Pers. 

aqualis -e (aqua), watery. Subst., aqualis 

-is, c. a wash-boicl, Plaut. 

aquariUS -a -um (aqua), belonging to water. 
I. Adj., provincia, superintendence of the supply 
of water, Cic. II. Subst., aquarius -ii, m. 1, 
a. water-carrier, Juv. ; 2, an inspector of con- 
duits-, ap. Cic ; 3, the constellation so called, Hor. 

aquatlCUS -a -um (aqua). I. living in 
water, aquatic; lotos, Ov. II. full of water, 
watery; auster, bringing rain, Ov. 

aquatilis -e (aqua), living or growing in the 
water, Cic. 

aquatio -onis, f. (aquor). A. A fetching of 
water, t'aes. B. Meton., a place whence water 
may be fetched, a watering-place, Plin. 

aquator -oris, in. (aquor), a person that 
fetches water, Caes. 

aquila -ae, f. (perhaps fern, of aquilus), an 
eagle. I. Lit, in mythology, the bearer of 
the lightning of Jove, Cic. II. Transf., 1, an 

eagle as the standard of each Roman legion, Cic. ; 
Meton., a, a legion, Plin. ; b, the post of standard- 
bearer, Juv. ; 2, the Eagle, a constellation, Cic. ; 
3 ? plur. aquilae, the. eagle on the frotrt and. rear 
of the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, which seemed 
to support the gable, Tac. 

Aquileja -ae, f. a town in the north of Italy, 
now Aquileja or Aglar ; hence adj., Aquile- 
jensis -e, of or belonging to Aquileja. 

aquilifer -fen (aquila and fero), m. an eagle 
or standard-bearer, Cic. 

aquilinus -a -um (aquila), relating to an 
eagle, Plant. 

Aquilius -a -um, name, of a Roman gens, the 
most celebrated members of which were—1, C. 
Aquilius Gallus, friend of and colleague with 
Cicero in the praetorship (C(i b.c), a, famous 
orator and jurist ; 2, Aquilius Regulus, an in- 
former under the empire ; hence, Aquilianus 
-a -um, belonging to Aquilius. 

aquilo -onis, in. (connected with aquilus, 
the i. "nk stormy one); 1, the north wind, Cic ; 
meton., the north, Cic. ; 2, Aquilo, as a myth. 
person, husband, of Orithyia, father of (.'(dais and 

aquHonalis, -e (aquilo), northern, Cic. 

Aquilonia -ae, f. a town in the comitry of 
tiie nirpini, now Carbonnra. 

aquilonius -a -um, 1, northern, Cic. ; 2, 
belonging to Aquilo (2); proles, Calais and Ztta., 

aquilus -a -um, dark-coloured, blackish, Plaut. 


Aquinum -i, n. town inLatium, now Aquino. 
Adj., Aquinas -atis, belonging to Aquinum. 

Aquitani -orum, m. inhabitants of Aquita- 
nia; hence Aquitania -ae, f. Aquitania, the 
south-west part of Gaul, between the Garonne ana 
the Pyrenees. 
aquor, 1. dep. (aqua), to fetch water, Caes. 
aquosus -a -am, adj. with eompar. and 
superL (aqua), full of water, watery ; Orion, 
Verg. ; Eurus, rain-bringing, Hor. ; mater, 
Thetis, Ov. 

aquula -ae, f. (dim. of aqua), a little water, 
a small stream, Cic. 

ara -ae, f. (connected with alpio, I raise); 1, 
on elevation of earth, stone, &c. ; a, ara sepulcn, 
a funeral pyre, Verg. ; 2, plur., arae, rocks, 
Verg.; 3, a monument of stone; virtutis, Oic. ; 
4, an altar; a, avam consecrare deo, Cic. ; pro 
aris et focis, for hearths and homes, Cic. ; fig., 
a refuge, protection; legum, Cic; b, transf. a 
constellation, Cic. poet. 

Arabarches -ae, m. ('Apa/3apx>)s)> an Egyp- 
tian magistrate, a superior tax-collector, Juv. ; 
used sarcastically of Pompey (who by his con- 
quests increased the tribute paid to Rome), Cic. 
Arabes -urn, m. ("Apa0es), the inhabitants of 
Arabia, the Arabs; hence, 1, Arabs -abis, 
Arabian; 2, Arabia -ae, f. ('Apapi'a), the 
country of Arabia, in the south-west of Asia, used 
loosely for any country inhabited by nomadic 
tribes akin to the Arabs ; 3, Arabicus -a -urn, 
Arabian; 4, Arabius -a -urn, Arabian; 5, 
Arabus -a -um, Arabian. 

arabilis -e (aro), that can be ploughed, arable. 

Arachne, -es, f. ('Apix^vX <* Lydian maiden 
who entered into a contest in spinning with Mi- 
nerva and was turned into a spider. 

Aradiis -i, f- ("ApaSos), a Phoenician town, 
now Buad. Adj., Aradius -a -um. 

aranea -ae f. (ipix^). 1» a spider; 2, the 
spider's web, Plaut. 

araneola -ae, f. (dim. of aranea), a little 
spider, Cic. 

araneolus -i, m. (dim. of aranea), a little 
spider, Verg. 

araneosus -a -um (aranea), 1, full of cob- 
webs, Cat. ; 2, like a cobweb, Plin. 

1. araneus -i, m. a spider, Lucr. 

2. araneus -a -um, relating to a spider, Plin. 
Subst, araneum -i, n. a cobweb, Phaedr. 

Arar and Araris, -is, m. a river in Gaul, 
the Saone. 

aratio -onis, f. (aro). I. ploughing, agri- 
culture, Cic. II. Meton., a ploughed field, Plaut. ; 
esp., arationes = the public domains let at a rent 
of one-tenth of their produce, Cic. 

arator -oris, m. 1, a ploughman, a husband- 
man, Cic.; appel.taurus.Ov.; 2,aratores, tenants 
of the arationes, q.v., Cic. 

aratrum -i, n. the plough; aratrum circum- 
v ducere, Cic. ; aliqueni ab aratro arcessere, Cic. 
Aratthus -i, in. ('Apon-flos). a river in Epirus, 
now Aria. 

Aratus -i, in. ("Aparos). I. n Greek poet, born 
in Cilicia, whose astronomical poan *aii<op.era 
was translated by Cicero. Adj., Aratcus and 
Aratius -a -um, belonging to Aratus; carmine, 
Cic. ; and absol., nostra quaedam Aratea, 
Cicero's translation of the poem, Cic. II. a 
celebrated Greek general, founder of tlie Achaean 

49 arc 

Araxes -is, m. ('Apatrj?), a river in Armenia. 

arbiter -tri, m. (from ar= ad, and bitere, to 
go). I. a witness, spectator, hearer; locus ab 
arbitris reinotus, Cic; remotis arbitris, Cic. II. 
A. Legal t. t., an umpire, arbitrator; arbiter 
litis, Cic ; aliquem arbitrum adigere, Cic ; arbi- 
trum dare, Cic. ; sumere, Cic. ; esse in ahquam 
rein arbitrum, Cic; ad arbitrum confugere, Cic. ; 
uti aliquo arbitro, Cic. B. Transf., 1, a judge 
of any matter; formae (of Paris), Ov. ; armorum, 
Ov ; 2. ruler, lord, master; bibendi, Hor. ; Ad- 
riae, the south wind, Hor. ; elegautiae, Tac 

arbitra -ae, f. (arbiter) a female witness, Hor. 

arbitrarius -a -um, depending on the will, 
arbitrary, uncertain, Plaut. 

arbitratus -us, m. approval, will, choice, 
wish; tuo arbitratu, Cic. ; cujus arbitratu sit 
educatus, Cic. 

arbltrium -i, n. A. The umpire's decision ; 
aliud est judicium, aliud arbitiium ; judicium 
est pecuniae certae, arbitiium incertae, Cic B. 
Transf . 1, any decision, judgment, free choice ; 
arbitiium eligendi, Tac; libera arbitna de 
alinuo agere, Liv. ; res ab opinioms arbitno 
seiunctae, Cic. ; arbitria funeris, the expenses of 
a' funeral, Cic; 2, might, mastery, authority; 
arbitrio suo, Cic. 

arbltror, 1. dep. (pass. Plant., Cic., arbitro, 

Plant.). I. to hear, perceive, Plant, II. Transt., 
to express an opinion as witness, Cic ; hence, to 
think, be of opinion ; qui se natos ad homines 
juvandos uibitrantur, Cic. ; witli ace. and mfln., 
ut quisque minimum in se esse arbitraretur, Cic. 

arbor (arbos) -5ris, f. a tree. A. Lit., tici, a 
fig tree, Cic ; Jovls, the oak, Ov. ; PJioebi, tlie 
laurel, Ov. ; Talladis, the olive, Ov. B. Meton., 
infelix, the gallows, Cic. ; mali, a mast, Verg. ; 
arbor, an Bw , Verg. ; a ship, Pelias, the Argo, Ov. 

arboreus -a -um, relating to trees, Verg. ; 
corima, branching, Verg. 

arbustum -i, n. (arbor), a plantation, a vine- 
yard planted with trees, Cic. 

arbustus -a -um, full of trees; ager, Cic. 

arbuteus -a -um, relating to the arbutus, Ov., 


arbiitum -i, n . , 1, the fruit of the wijd straw- 
berry or arbutus tree, Verg. ; 2, the wild straw- 
berry tree or arbutus, Verg. 

arbutus -:, f. the wild strawberry or arbutus 
tree, Verg. 

area -ae, f. (root ARC, whence also arceo). I. 
a chest, box. A. Gen., Cic. B. Esp. , a, ,o co#u, 
Liv. ; b, money coffer, Cic. ; meton. = the money 
in the coffer; arcae nostrae confidito, Cic. II. 
a cell for close imprisonment, Cic. 

Arcadia -ae, f. (ApuaSla), a country of the 
Peloponnesus. Adj., 1, Arcadius -a -um ; 2, 
Arcadicus -a -um ; deus, Pan, Prop. ; ju- 
venis, a simpleton, Juv. ; virgo, Arethusa, Ov. ;. 
3 Areas -adis, tyraniius, Lycaon, Ov. Subst., 
Areas -adis, Mercury, Mart. ; Arcades -um, 
in. the Arcadians, Cic. 
arcano, adv., secretly, Cic. 
arcanus -a -um (area, arceo), 1, silent; 
homo, Plaut, ; nox, Ov. ; 2, secret, Cic.;_arcana 
consilia, Liv. ; sacra. Ov. Subst., arcanum 
-i, n. a secret, Liv., Juv. 
Arc&S -adis, m. ('Ap«cas), son of Jupiter and 

Callisto, placed in the heavens as the star Arcto- 

arceo -ctfi, 2. (root ARC, whence area). I. to 

shut in, shut up ; alvus arcet et continet quod 

red pit, Cic. II. A. to prohibit access to, to keep 

at a distance, to hinder, prevent ; copias hostium, 

Cic ; followed by ne with subj., Liv. ; with ttia 




ace. and ab with the abl., aliquem ab urbe, Cic; 
with the ace. and abl. alone, hostem Gallia, 
Cic. ; with dat, Verg. B. to protect from; ali- 
qipin periclis, Verg. 

Arocsilds -fie, in. ('Ap^eo-iAn?) and Arces- 
ilnus -i, in. ('Ap(ct<Ti'Aao5), a Greek philosopher 

of Vitanc in Aeolia (:U(i-241 B.C.), founder of the 
Middle Academy. 
Arcesius -ii, m. ('ApiceArto?), father of 

Laertes, and gram/father of Ulysses. 

arcessltor -oris, m. one who calk or fetches, 

arcessitUS, abl. -ii, m. calling for, summons; 
ipsius rogatu arcessituque, Cic. 

arcesso (accerso) -Ivi -itum, 3. (accedo), 
to fetch or call to a place, to summon, I. Gen. 
A. Lit, aliquem litteris Capua, Cic. ; aliquem 
in senatum, Cic. ; sacra ab exteris uationibus 
asciscere et arcessere, Cic. B. Transf., of a 
thought, to bring, derive; argumentum usque a 
eapite, Cic. ; hence arcessitus, strained, far- 
fetched; dictum, Cic. II. Esp. 1, to bring the 
dead from the lower world, Verg. ; 2, to bring 
the bride to the bridegroom's house, Ter. ; 3, legal 
t. t., to summon, bring before a court of justice ; 
aliquem judicio capitis, Cic. ; aliquem capitis, Cic. 

Archelaus -i, m. ('ApWAaos). I. a Greek 
philosopher of Miletus. II. King of Macedonia 
from. 413 B.C., friend, of Euripides. III. General 
of Mithridates. IV. Son of III., husband of 
Berenice. V. the grandson of IV., the last king 
of Cappadocia. 

archetypus -a -urn (apx«'™;ros), original, 

Archias-ae, m. ('Apx<as). I. Aulus Licinius, 
a Greek poet of Antioch, defended by Cicero. II. 
a celebrated cabinet-maker, hence Archlacus 
•a -urn, of or belonging to Archias. --■ 

archigallus -i, m. a high priest of Cybele, 

ArchilocIlUS -i, 111. ('Apxt'Aoxos), a Creek 
satiric poet, inventor of imnliic verse. Adj., 
Archil<5ciiiu3 -a -urn, Archilochian ; appel., 
sharp, biting, Cic. 

archimagims -i, m. (apx^oycipos), head 
cook, Ov. 

Archimedes -is, m. CApxi/i^t)?), celebrated 
mathematical and mechanical philosopher, killed 
on the capture of Syracuse by Marcellus (212 B.C.). 

archimimus -i, m. (apxitit-e-os), chief mime 

or buffoon, Suet. 

archiplrata -ae, m. (apxi7reiprmj?), chief 
pirate, Cic. 

archltectdn -finis, m.(apxiTeKTwi'), 1, master- 
builder, Plant. ; 2, a master in cunning, Plant. 

archltector, 1. dep. A.tobuild. B. Transf., 
to devise, to prepare, provide ; voluptates, Cic. 

architecture -ae, f. architecture, Cie. 

architectus -i, m. (apx'TtKTwi'), 1, cm archi- 
tect, master-builder ; architecti opcrum, Cic. ; 2, 
Transf., an inventor, author, maker ; hujus legis, 
Cie. ; quasi arch, beatae. vitae, Cic. 

archon -ontis, m. (apxwv), an. nrchon, one 
of the chief magistrates of Athens, Cie. 

Archytas -ae, m. CApx^™?), a philosopher 
of Tarentvm (about 400-305 b.c). 

arcitenens -entis (arcus and teneo), holding 
the bow, epithet of Apollo and Diana, Verg., Ov. 

arct . . . = art . . . q.v. 

Arctos -i, f. (apKTo;), 1, the great and little 
bear, Verg., Ov. ; juncta Aquilonibus Arctos, the 
North Pole, Ov. ; opacain cxeipere Arcton, to be 
towards the North, Hor. ; 2, the night, Prop. 

Arctous -a -urn (dpKTwos) belonging to the 
north pole, northern, Mart, 

Arcturus -i, m. (apxTovpos), 1, the brightest 
star of the constellation Bootes, Cic. ; 2, Bootes, 

arcuatus -a -nni (partie. of arcuo), bent like 
a bow, curved; currus, Li v. 

arcula -ae, f. (dim. of area), 1, a casket for 
money, jewels, or perfume; arculae inulicbrcs, 
Cie.; 2, Transf., rhetorical ornament; omnes 
(Isocrati) discipulorum arculae, Cic. 

arcularius -i, m. a casket maker, Plant. 

arcuo, 1. to beiul or shape like a bow, Plin. 

arcus -us, m. I, <i bow ; a, arcum intendere, 
Cic. ; adducere, Verg. ; arcus Haemonii, the con- 
stellation Sagittarius, Ov. ; b, the rainbow, Cic. ; 
C, an arch, vault, triumphal arch, Suet. II. 
Transf., 1, anything arched or curved, Verg., 
Ov. ; 2, a mathematical arc, Sen. ; the parallel 
circles which bound the zones of the earth, Ov. 

1. ardea -ae, f. a heron, Verg. 

2. Ardea -ae, f. ('ApSe'a), town of the Rutuli, 
inLatium. Adj., a, Ardeas -atis, b, Arde- 
atinus -a -urn, of or belonging to Ardea. 

ardelio -onis, m. a busybody, Mart. 

ardens -entis, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (ardeo), hot, glowing. A. Lit., lapides, 
Liv. B. Transf., a, of the eyes, glowing ; oculi, 
Verg. ; b, of colour, glittering ; apes ardentes 
anro, Verg. ; c, of wine, strong, fiery; Falernum, 
Hor. ; d, of passions, &c, burning, eager, hot; 
odium, Liv. ; avaritia, Cic. ; ardentes in aliquem 
litterae, Cic. ; ardentes equi, spirited. Verg. ; e, 
of oratory, fiery ; orator, Cic. ; oratio', actio, Cic. 

ardenter, adv., with compar. and superl. 
(ardens), hotly, violently ; cupere, Cic. 

ardeo, arsi, arsum, 2. tobum, glou; be on fire. 
I. Lit., faces, Cic. ; donius, Cic; marearsit eo 
anno, Liv. ; jam proximus ardet Ucnlegon, the 
house of u., Verg. ; ardent altaria, Verg. II. 
Transf., 1, oftlie eyes, to glow, Cic; 2, of colours, 
to flash, sparkle, glow; ardebat mnrice lacna, 
Verg.; 3, of feelings, a, of the body, qtumi omnes 
art us ardcro vidercntur, fie in pain, Cic; b, 
of the mind, amore, dolore, furore, Cie. ; arderc 
in proelia, eagerly to desire fight, Verg. ; esp. in 
poets, to burn with love; ardere aliqua or in 
aliqua or aliqnam, Hor., Verg., Ov. ; ardere 
invidia, to he heated, Cie. ; c, of conspiracies, 
wars, ivc, to burst out; quum arderct conjn- 
ratio, Cic. ; quum arderet Syria bello, be in a 
state of excitement, Cie. 

ardcdla -ae, f. (dim. of ardea), a heron, Plin. 

ardesco, arsi, 3. (inch, of ardeo), to take fire, 
kindle. I. Lit., arsi d ai undo, Verg. II, Transf., 

I, to glitter ; fulmineis ignibus ardescunt undae, 
Ov.; 2, of the passions, to become inflamed; 
tuendo, Verg. ; libidinibus, Tae. 

ardor -oris, m. flame, burning, heat. I. Lit., 
solis, Cic. II. Transf., 1, the glow of the eyes, 
oculorum, Cic. ; 2, gleam, glimmer; stellarum, 
Cie. ; 3, of the feelings or passions, ardour, 
fierceness; cupiditatum, Cin. ; animorum et ar- 
mornm, Cic. ; pugnandi,/orj?f?7i/>?if7, Liv. ; with 
ad and the ncc, mentis ad gloriam, Cic. ; ad 
helium armaqne, Liv. ; esp. the. passion of love, 
Ov. ; virginis, for a maiden, Ov. 

Arduenna -ae, f. a forest in Gallia Belgica, 
now the forest of Ardennes. 

ardiius -a -van, adj. with compar. and 
superl. (root AT?, Gr. AP, whence area. SpaO, 
steep. I. Lit., A. collis, Liv. ; ascensus diili- 
cilis atque arduus, Cic. Subst., ardiium -i, 
n. a steep place ; per ardmun dueuntur, Liv. B. 
Poet., lofty; aether, Ov. ; nubes, Hor.; sese 
arduus infert (Turnns), with proud mien, Verg. 

II, Transf., difficult to undertake or reach; res 




arduae ac difficiles, Cic. ; avduum videtur, or est 
followed by infin., Sail., Liv. Subst., arduum 
-i, n. what is difficult to accomplish, Hor., Ov. 

area -ae, f. (Root Alt, Gr. AP, whence 
arduus and apai), a high-lying open space, surface. 

1. Gen. collemque super planissima eampi area, 
Ov. II. Esp., 1, an open in a town, Liv. ; 

2, a site for a house, Cic. ; 3, tlie court-yard, Liv. ; 
4, threshing-floor, Cic. ; 5, the part of the circus 
where the games were held; lig., sphere, scope, Ov. 

arefacio -feci -factum, 3. to make dry, Lucr. 

Arelate, n. and Arelas -atis, f. town in 
Gcdlia Narbonensis, now Aries. Adj., Xrelat- 
ensis -e. 

Aremoricus -a -uni (from Keltic are = on, 
and mor = sea), lying on the sea; civitates, Gallic 
states on the coast of the English Channel. 

arena -ae, f. sand. I. Lit., saxa globosa 
arenae immixta, Liv. ; arenae carae, the sands of 
Pactolus, Ov. ; prov., arenae mandare semina, to 
sow the sand, of a fruitless work, Ov. II. Meton., 

1, a sandy place ; arenam aliquant aut paludes 
einere, Cic. ; 2, the sea-shore; optata potiri 
arena, Verg. ; 3, the arena in the amphitheatre 
(covered with sand) ; promittere operas arenae, 
Tac. III. Transf., the scene of any contention or 
struggle, Plin. , 

arenarius -a -um, relating to sand, sandy- 
Subst., arenaria -ae, f. (sc. fodina), a sand 
pit, Cic. 

arenosus -a -um, sandy, Verg. . 

arena -entis, p. adj. (areo), dry. I. Gen. 
rivus, Verg. II. dry with thirst ; ora, Ov. ; 
poet, sitis, Ov. 

areo, 2. A. to be dry ; aret ager, Verg. B. 
Esp., to be dry with thirst, Liv. 

areola -ae, f. (dim. of area), a little open 
spate, Plin. 

Areopagus -i, m. ('Apeios n-ayos), Mars' 
hill at Athens, upon which the court called Areo- 
2xigus held its sittings, Cic. ; hence, Areopa- 
gites -ae, in. a member of the court, Cic. 

Ares -is, m. ("Apr)?), the Greek god of war, 
appell., a warrior, Plant. 

aresco, 3. (inch, of areo), to become dry; cito 
arescit lacrima, Cic. 

Arestorides -ae, in. (Apeo-Topi'Sijs), a de- 
scendant of Arestor, i.e., Argus, his son. 

aretalogUS -i, m. (<ipei-aA.dyos), a babbler 
about virtue, a kind of philosophical buffoon, Juv. 

Arethusa -ae, f. ('Ape9ovo-a), a fountain in 
the island of Ortygia at Syracuse; myth, a Nereid 
beloved by the river Alpheus, who dived tinder the 
sea in pursuit of her. Adj. , 1, Arethusis -Wis ; 

2, Arethusius -a -um, of or belonging to Are- 

Areus a -um, relating to Mars ; judicium, 
the Areopagus, Tac. 

ArganthoniUS -li, m. ('Apyapflwvios), a king 
of Tartessus, v>ho lived to a great age. 

Argei -orum, m. 1, chapels of local deities in 
Borne; 2, figures of men, thrown into the Tiber 
every year on the Ides of May. 

Argentanum -i, n. a town in Sruttium, 
now Argentino. 

argentarius -a -um, 1, relating to silver; 
inetalla, silver mines, Plin. ; 2, relating to money ; 
Tnopia, Plaut. ; taberna, a banker's stall, Liv. 
Subst., A. argentarius -li, m. a money- 
changer, banker, Cic. B. argentaria -ae, f. 
1, (sc. taberna), a banker's office, Liv. ; 2, (sc. 
ars), a banker's trade, Cic; 3, (sc. fodina), a 
tilver mine, Liv. 

argentatuS -a -um, 1, ornamented with 
silver; milites, with silvered shields, Liv. ; 2, 
provided with money, Plant. 

argenteus-a-uin, I. l,mculeof silver ; nquila, 
Cic. ; minimus, Varr. ; denarius, Plin. ; or simply 
argenteus, Tac. ; 2, ornamented or covered with 
silver; scena, Cic. ; 3, of the colour of silver ; 
anser, Verg. II. Transf., belonging to the Silver 
Age; proles, Ov. 

argentifodina -ae, f. a silver mine, Varr., 

argentoSUS -a -um, full of silver, rich in 
silver, Plin. 

argentum -i, n. (apy>js), silver ; I. signatum, 
stamped with a pattern, Cic. ; II. Esp., 1, silver 
plate, Cic. ; 2, silver coin, and generally money, 
Cic, Liv. 

Argiletum -i, n. a part of Rome where were 
many booksellers' shojis. Adj., Arglletaiius -a 
-um, o/or belonging to Argiletum. 

argilla, -ae, f. (apycAAos), white clay, potter's 
clay, Cic 
argillaceus -a -um, clayey, of clay, Plin. 

Arginussae (Arginusae) -arum, f. fAp- 
yivovcro-ai), islands on the coast of Aeolis, scene of 
a naval victory of the Athenians over the Spartans. 

Argo -us, f. CApyd), the ship Argo, in which 
many Greek heroes sailed to Colchis, under Jason, 
to fetch the Golden Fleece. Adj., ArgOUS -a -um. 

Argonautae -arum, m. (ApyovaiiTai), the 

Argonauts, the heroes who sailed in the Argo. 

Argos, n. and Argi -drum, m. I. the capital 
of Argolis, a country of the Peloponnese. Adj., A. 
ArgOUS a -um. B. ArglVUS -a -um, Argivc; 
augur, Amphiaraus, Hor. ; plur. subst., Argivi 
-orum, and poet, -um, m. the Argives. C. Ar- 
golis -idiij, f. 1, Adj., Argolic; 2, Subst., the 
district Argolis ; hence adj., ArgollCUS -a-um, 
Argolic. II. Argos Aniphilocliium, a town in 
li pirns. . . 

argumentatio -onis, f. the bringing forward 
of a proof ; argumentatio est expliwitio argu- 
ment^ Cic. 

argiimentor, 1, dep. X. Intransit. to bring 
forward a proof ; quid porro argumenter, qua dc 
re dubitare nemo possit, Cic. II. Transit, to 
allege as a proof, Liv. 

argumentum -i, n. (arguo), 1, an argument, 
proof, Cic. ; afferre argumenta, Cic. ; multis argu- 
ment-is deos esse docere, Cic. ; argumenta atque 
indicia sceleris, Cic. ; 2, subject, contents, matter; 
a, epistolae, Cic. ; b, subject of a drama; fabulae, 
Ter. ; c, a drama itself; explicare argumenti 
exitum, Cic. ; d, subject of a work of art, ex ebore 
diligentissime perfecta argumenta'erant in valvis 
(bas-reliefs), Cic. 

arguo -ui -utuin, 3. (connected with dpyds), 
to put in clear light. I. Gen. A. Lit. to main- 
tain, prove; speculatores non legatos venisse, 
Liv. B. Transf., to betray, prove; degenercsani- 
mos timor arguit, Verg. ; laudibus arguiturvini 
vinosus Hoinerus, Hor. II. Esp. A. to charge, 
accuse, expose, convict; with gen., summi sceleris, 
Cic. ; with abl., hoc crimine tc non arguo, Cic. ; 
with double ace, id quod me arguis, Cic ; with 
infin., Piosciusarguituroccidissepatrem.Cic. B. 
to censure, complain of; culpa, quam arguo, Liv. 

Argus -i, m. ("Apyot), the hundred-eyed guar- 
dian of lo, slain by Mercury. 

argutatio -onis, f. a rustling, Cat. 

argute, adv., with compar. and superb (ar- 
gutus), sagaciously, acutely ; callide arguteque 
dicere, Cic 

argutiae -iiruin, f. 1, liveliness, animation; 
digitorum, quick movement of the fingers, Cic ; 



/I IT 




2, a, cleverness, subtlety, sagacity ; hujus orationcs 
tantuin argutiaruin, tantum urban itatis habent, 
Cic. ; b, in a Had sense, running, quibbling, Cic. 

argutor, l. dep. to chatter, riaut. 

argutiilus -a -uin, somewhat acuta ; libri, Cic. 

argutus -a -imi, ]>. adj. with corapar. and 
superl. (arguo), 1, in relation to the senses : a, 
to the eye, expressive, lively; manus, oculi, Cic. ; 
b, to t lie ear, piercing, penetrating, shrill; hir- 
uudo, Verg. ; forum, noisy, Ov. ; poeta, melodious, 
Hor. ; 2, relating to the mind, a,, significant, 
dear; of omens, argntissiina exta, Cic. ; b, of 
the understanding, o, in a good snise, sagacious, 
acute; argutus orator, Cic. ; /3, in a bad sense, 
sly, cunning; meretrix, Hor. 

argyraspides -pldum, m. (apyvpao-n-iSes), 
name of a picked corps in the Macedonian army, 
the xvearers of the silver shield, Liv. 

Ariadna -ae, & Ariadne -cs, f. (Ap'dSvn), 
daughter of Minos awl Pasiphae, who helped 
Theseus to slay the Minotaur, but was deserted by 
him and then beloved by Bacchus. 

Ariarathes -is, m. CApiapidty;), name of 
seivral kings of Cappadocia. 

Aricia -ae, f. town in Latium at the foot of the 
Alban Mount. Adj. Ariclnus -a -urn, belong- 
ing to Aricia. 

aridulus -a -urn (dim. of aridus), somewhat 
dry, Cat. 

aridus -a -una, adj. with compar. and superl. 
(areo), dry, arid. I. Lit., 1, folia, Cic. ; poet. 
Bonus, a dry, crackling sound, Verg. ; 2, dry 
with thirst ; viator, Verg. ; 3, shrivelled, fteshless; 
crura, Ov. ; absol., exsierati atque aridi, Cic. 
Subst., aridum -i, n. dry ground; naves in 
ariduin subducere, Caos. II. Transf., 1, of 
niauner of living, poor, meagre; vi'-vCic. ; 2, 
intellectually dry, jejune; genus orationis, Cic. ; 

3, avaricious, Ter. 

aries -6tis, m. (apnv, appnf). I. Lit. a ram, 
Cic. II. Transf. A. a battering ram, Caes. B. 
a prop, beam, Caes. C. one of the signs of the 
. Cic. 

arietatio -onis, f. a butting like a ram, Sen. 

arleto, 1. to butt like a ram, Verg. 

Arimlnura -i, n. toivn and river in Umbria. 
Adj., Arlminensis -e, belonging to Ariminum. 

Ariobarzanes -is, m. (' Apio/3apfanjs), name 
of several Icings of Cappadocia, and of one of Ar- 

Arion or Alio -onis, in. CApiW). I. Myth, 
a harp-player, saved from drowning by a dolphin. 
Adj., ArioniUS -a, -urn, belonging to Arion. 
II. a Pythagorean philosopher, contemporary of 

AriovistUS -i, m. a German prince, conquered 
by Caesar. 

Arisba -ae, and Arisbe -cs, f. CApio-pn), 
town in the Troad. 

arista -ae, f. I. A. the point of an car of 
com, Cic. B. Meton., Me car itself, Verg. II. 
Transf., bristly hair, Pers. 

Aristaous -i, m. CAp'<rT(itos), son of Apollo 
Cyrene, legendary introducer of bee-keeping. 

Arlstarchus -i, m. ('ApioTapvo.;), a cele- 
brated grammarian and critic of Alexandria ; 
appell. " seuere critic, Cic. 

Aristidcs -is, in. ('Apio-m'SiiO, L a celebrated 

Athenian statesman and genera!, rind of Themis- 
II. a poet of Miletus. 

AristippilS-i, in. ('Apto-runr-os), a philosopher 
of Cyrene (about :iS0 n.r.) founder of the Cynic, 
school. Adj., Aristippcus-a-uin, of uv belong- 
ing to Aristipjms. 

Aristo and Arlston -onis, m. ('Api'crTwi'), rt 

philosopher of Chios, pupil of Zeno, contemporary 
with Caesar; hence adj., Aristoiicus -a -uin, 
of or belonging to Aristo. 

Aristodcmus -i, m. ('Ap«rTdfi>)/i<K). I. n 
tragic actor at Athens. II. a tyrant of Cumae in 
Campania, about 502 b.c. 

arisbolochia -ae, f. (api.o-To\o\ia), a plant 
useful in childbirth, Cic. 

Aristophanes -is, m. ('Apio-Toi/jan;?). I. the 
great Athenian comic dramatist. Adj., Aristo- 
phaneus -a -urn, of or relating to Aristophanes. 
II. a celcbratedgrammarian, pupil of Eratosthenes. 

Aristoteles -is and -i, in. ('Apio-TOTeAr)?), 
the celebrated Greek philosopher, founder of the 

Peripatetic school. Adj., Aristotcleus -a -uin, 
of or relating to Aristotle. 

arithmetica -ae and -e -es, i. (apifyiijTiioj, 
se. xe'xn)), arithmetic, Sen. 

arithmetica -drum, n. arithmetic, Cic, 

aritudo -inis, f. dryness, Plaut. 

arma -orum, n. (Root Alt, Greek AP, cf. ri 
apixeva), tools, implements. I. Gen., anna eques- 
tria, the fittings of a horse, Liv. ; cerealia, im- 
plements for grinding anil baking corn, Verg. ; 
building tools, Cic. II. implements of war. A. 
In the broadest sense, Liv. B. In a narrower 
ineaning,i/e/e)!sifea»*»uji(r(tela, offensive weapons), 
1, Lit. anna his imperata, galea, clypeum, ocreae, 
loriea, omnia ex acre, Liv. ; arma capere, BUUiere, 
Cic. ; ad arma ire, Cic. ; anuis deccrtare or de- 
cernere, Cic. ; in armis esse or stare, to be under 
arms, Liv. ; CLmilia habere in armis, Liv. ; anna 
deponere,Liv. ; tradere, Liv. ; ad arma " to arms," 
Caes. ; 2, Meton., war; arma eivilia, Cic; 3, 
military power ; Komana arma ingruere, Liv. I 
4, soldier; levia, light-armed troops, Liv.; 5j 
Fig. defence; arma prudentiae, Cic. 

armamenta -orum, n. implements, tackle; 
esp. of a ship, vela armamentaque, Caes. 

armamentarium -i, n. aw armoury, Cic. 

armariolum -i, n. (dim. of armarium), a 
little cupboard, Plaut. 

armarium -i, n. a cupboard, chest, Cic. 

armatura -ae, f. A. equipment, armour; 
Numidae levis armaturae, light-armed, Caes\ B. 
Meton., armed soldiers; armatura levis, light- 
armed troops, Cic. 

1. armatus, abl. -u, m. armour. A. Lit., 
hand dispari armatu, Liv. B. Meton., armed 
troops; gravis, heavy-armed troops, Liv. 

2. armStus -a -uin, p. adj. with superl. 
(armo), armed, equipped. A. Lit., armatus toga- 
tusquc, both in war crnd in peace, Liv. ; armatae 
classes, Verg. B. Transf., erat incredibili arma- 
tus audacia, Cic. 

Armenia -ae, f.^ ("Apfievia), a country in 
Asia; hence, Armenius -a -uin. A. Adj., 
Armenian. B. Subst., an, Armenian. 

armentalis -e, belonging to a herd; cquae, 

armentum -i, n. cattle living in herds ; Esp. 
oxen and horses; 1, sing, collective, a herd ; Pan 
erat anneuli custos, Ov. ; 2, plur., oxen ; greges 
arnientontm reliquique pecons, Cic. 

armifer -fcra-fenini(arnia and fcro), bearing 

arms, in* r like, ( (v. 

armiger -gSra -gerum (arma and gero), bear- 
ingarms, Subst., a, armiger -geri, sn. an armour- 
bearer, Cic. ; Jovis, the eagle, Verg. ; Catilinac, 
adherent, Cic. ; b, armigera -ae, f. a female ar- 

monr-bem-er, Ov. 

armilla -ae, f. a bracelet, worn by both meti 
and women, Cic,, Liv.. • 




armillatus -a am, adorned with a bracelet, 
Suet. ; canes, wearing a collar, Prop. 

arrailustrium -i>, n. (anna ami lustro), a 
festival at which arms were consecrated, celebrated 
at a spot in Rome called Arniilustrinn. 

armipotens -entis, mighty in arms, warlike; 
Mars, Verg. ; diva, Minerva, Verg. 

armisonus -a -urn, resounding with arms, 

armo, 1., 1, to provide with implements, to 
equip ; naves, Caes. ; 2, to arm, prepare for 
battle; a, aliquem iurcmpublicam, Cic. ; milites, 
Caes. ; servum in or contra dominum, Cic. ; 
equum bello, for battle, Verg, : gladiis dextras, 
Liv. ; b, transf. to supply, arm; niultitudhiem 
auctoritatc publica, Cic. ; se eloquentia, Cic. 

armoraeia -ae, f. (-cium -ii, n.), horse-radish 
(cochlearia armoracia, Linn.), Plin. 

armus -i, m. (ip/nds), 1, the shoulder-blade ; 
latos liuic liasta per annos treniit, Verg. ; in 
animals, the shoulder ; ex linmeris armi hunt, 
Ov. ; 2, the side of an animal, Verg. 

Amus -i, in. ("Appos), the chief river of 
Etruria, now tlie Arno. Adj., Arnlciisis, -e. 

aro, 1. (apduj), to plough. A. Lit., 1, ararc 
terrain et sulcum altius imprimere, Cic. ; prov., 
non profecturis litora bubus aras, to labour use- 
lessly, Ov. ; 2, to farm, cultivate; Falerni mille 
fundi jngera, Hor. ; absol., cives Romani qui 
arant in Sicilia, tenants of the domain-lands, 
(cf. aratio), Cic. B. Transf., 1, to furrow, 
wrinkle; rugae quae tibi corpus areut, Ov. ; 2, 
of ships, to plough the sea; vastummaris aequor, 

Arpi -drum, m. a town in Apulia. Adj., 
Arpmus -a -urn, of or belonging to Arpi, 

Arpinum -i, n. a town in Lativm, birthplace 
of Cicero and Marius. Adj., Arpinas -atis, 
ArplllUS -a -Uin, of or belonging to Arpinum. 

arquatus, v. araiatua. 

arra, v. arrha. 

arrectus -a -urn, p. adj. with compar. (from 
arrigo), steep, Liv. 

arrepo (ad-repo), -repsi, -reptum, 3. to creep 
to, to glide gently to ; quibus rebus nou sensini 
atque moderate ad amicitiam adrepserat, Cic. 

Arretium -ii, n. a town in Etruria, birth- 
place of Maecenas. 

arrha -ae, f., and arrhabo -onis, m. earnest 
uwney, Plant., Ter. 

arrideo (ad-rideo), -mi -nsum, 2. tolaughto; 

I. to laugh with; ridentibus arrident, Hor. II. 
to laugh at, either in approval or ridicule. A. Lit,, 
with dat. of pers., vix notis familiariter arridere, 
Liv. ; with ace. of the thing, video quid arriseris, 
Cic. B. Transf., a, to be favourable ; quum tem- 
pestas arridet, Lucr. ; b, to please ; "inhibere" 
illud tuum quod milii valde arriserat, Cic. 

arrigo -rexi -rectum, 3. (ad and rego). A. to 
erect, lift up; aures, comas, Verg. B. Transf., 
a, to excite ; arrexere animos Itali, Verg. ; b, to 
encourage, animate ; aliquem oratione, Sail. 

arripio -rYptii -reptum, 3. (ad and rapio). I. 
to seize on, lay hold of, snatch. A. Gen. anna, Liv. ; 
cilmm unguium tenacitate, Cic. ; aliquem manu, 
Liv. ; tabulamdenaufragio, Cic ; cohortes arrcp- 
tas in urbeiu induccre, Liv. ; terrain velis, tu sail 
quickly to, Verg. B. Transf., a, to sei:<: upon, ap- 
propriate, take; faeultatem laedendi, quaecuinque 
detur, Cic. ; maledicta ex trivio, Cic. ; b, to 
comprehend quickly; eelcriter res Innuincrabiles, 
Cic. ; litteras Graecas, take to with zeal, Cic. ; 

II. to seize with violence ; a, of diseases, &c, 
dolor, qui sinnil arripuit interflcit, Cic. ; b, 
legal t.t. to drug before a tribunal, accuse, Cic. ; 

C, transf., to satirize; primores popull popu 
lumque, Hor. 

arrfsor -oris, m. one who smiles approvingly, 
ajlatterer, Sen. 

arrodo (ad-rodo) -rosi -rosuni, 3. to gnaw at ; 
mures Antii coronam auream arrosere, Liv. ; fig., 
ut ilia ex vepreculis extracta nitedula rempubli- 
cam conaretur arrodere, Cic. 

arrogans -antis, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl.(tromarrogo) l a.s , s«OTin^,arrojant,ftau(77i<i/; 
Indutioinarus iste minax atque arrogans, Cic. 

arroganter, adv. arrogantly, haughtily; 
dicere aliquid, Cic. ; scribere ad aliquem, Cic. ; 
facere, Caes. 

arrogantia -ae, f. arrogance, assumption 
pride, haughtiness; ex arrogantia odium, ex in- 
solentia arrogantia oritur, Cic. 

arrogo (ad-rogo), 1. I. 1, sibi aliquid, in 
appropriate to oneself something to which one has 
no claim; sibi sapientiam, Cic. ; 2, alicui aliquid, 
to claim, confer upoji ; decus imperils, Hor. II. 
1, to ask, Plaut. ; 2, to associu.te one public officer 
with another ; cui unico consul! dictatorem arro- 
gari baud satis decorum visum est patribus, Liv. 

arrosor -oris, m. one who gnaws at, Sen. 

Arruns (Aruns) -iintis, in, -nameofa younger 
son of Jarquinius Superbus. 

ars -tis, f. (stem AR, whence ar- -mus, ar- 
-tus ; Gr. APfJ, aprvio, apery). I. A. a trade, 
profession, art ; disserendi, dialectics, Cic ; artes 
sordidae, mean occupations, those of slaves, Cic. ; 
ingenuae, liberales, honourable occupations, Cic. ; 
urbanae, jurisprudence tend rhetoric,L\v. ; artein 
aliquain factitare, Cic. ; exercere, to practise, 
pursue, Hor. B. Meton., 1, cert, knowledge, 
theory (opp. practice); res mihi videturesse facili- 
tate (in practice) praeclara, arte (in theory) me- 
diocris, cic. ; ex arte (dicere, scribere, Sec.), ac- 
cording to the rules of art. Cic. ; hence as title of 
treatises on a subject, artes oratoriae, Cic. ; 2, 
skill, cleverness; opus est vel arte vel diligentia, 
Cic. ; arte laboratae vestes, Verg. ; arte canere, 
Ov. ; 3, plur., artes, works of art, Cic. ; 4, Artes, 
the Muses, Phaed. II. Transf., 1, conduct, dia- 
meter, method of acting, good or bad ; bonac artes, 
good qualities, Sail. ; hac arte Pollux attigitarces 
igneas, Hor. ; 2, absol., cunning, deceit, Verg. 

Arsaccs -is, m. ('Apcraiojt), the first king of 
the I'arthians ; hence, 1, Arsacides -ae, m. 
a descendant of Arsaces; 2, ArsaciUS -a -um, 

Artaxata -Brum, n. (-a -ae, f., Tac), capital 
of Armenia on the Araxes. 

Artaxerxes -is,[m. (Apra^p^ni), name of 
three Persian kings. 

arte (arete), adv. with compar. and superl. 
(artus), narrowly, tightly, closely. I. Lit, artius 
complecti aliquem, Cic. ; signa artius collocare, 
Sail. ; fig., artius astringere rationem, Cic. II. 
Transf., a, fast, soundly; dormire, Cic; b, 
shortly; artius appellare aliquem, to cut a name 
short, Ov. ; aliquem arte colere, stingily, Sail. 

arteria -ac, f. (aprnpia), 1, the wind-pipe, 
Cic. ; neut. plur., heterocl. arteria, Lucr. ; 2, 
(oi artery, Cic. 

arthritlcus -a -um (ap0piTiKo?), gouty, Cic 

articularis -e, relating to the joints; morbus, 
1701//, Suet, 

articulatim.adv. A. limb by limit, piecemeal, 
Plant. B. Transf, in a manner properly divided, 
distinctly; articulatiin distincteque dici, Cic 

articulo, 1. to articulate, speak distinctly, 

articulus -i, m. (dim. of artus). I. Lit. 1, 
a joint; aiticulorum dolores, gouty or rheumatic 




pain*, Cic. ; plur. meton., tke limbs, esp., the 
fingers, Lucr., Ov. ; 2, of plants, « knob, knot, 
Cic. II, Transf., 1, a division of a discourse; 
artleuli mcuibraque, Cic. ; 2, of time, a moment, 
crisis; in ipsoarticulo temporis.Cic. ; 3, id' other 
abstractions, fart, division, point ; per cosdem 
articulos et gradus, Suet. 

artifex -fi'eis (avs and facio). 1. 1, an artist,' 
artificer, painter, sculptor; artifices scenici. actors, 
Cic. ; artifex enuus, a trained horse, Ov. ; with 
genit. of gerund ; Greed dicendi artiilces ct tloc- 
tores.Cic. ; 2, tlie maker, author, contriver.-; pro- 
bus e,jus(ini!iidi) artifex, Cic. ; 3, a master of any 
art; tractamli aninios artiilces, Liv. ; artifex 
conquirendae et coinparandae voluptatis, Cii". ; 
artifices ad corrumpendum judicium, Cic. .XT. 
Of inanimate objects, 1, active, clever, skilled; 
artifcx stilus, Cic. ; 2, passive, skilfully wrought 
or made; artifices boves, Prop. 

artlficiose, adv! skilfully; id multo artifi- 
ciosius etfic:re, Cic. 

artificiosus -a -urn, A. skilful, ace .<;- 
plished ; rhetorcs aitiflciosissimi, Cic; opus, 
Cic. B. Transf., artificial (opp. to natural) ; ca 
genera divinandi nou naturalia, sed artiliciosa 
dicuntur, Cic. 

artifieium -i, n. I. an occupation, handi- 
craft ; ancillare, Cic. II. Esp., A. theory, system ; 
componerc artifieium dc jure civili, Cic. B. a, 
cleverness, skill, art ; simulacrum Dianae singu- 
lar! opere artiticioque perfectum, Cic. ; b, </ex- 
t rity, and, in a bad sense, cunning, craft; nrti- 
ticio simulationis, Cic. ; c, work of art; haec 
opera atque artificia, Cic. 

arto (arcto), 1. (artus), 1, to press together, 
reduce to small compass, Lucr. ; 2, to abridge, 
curtail ; in praemiis, in lionoribus omnia artata, 

artolaganus -i, in. (apj oxdyavoi'), a cake 
nuule of meal, wine, milk, oil, lard, and 

artopta ■ae, in. (apT6im}<;), 1, a baker, Juv. ; 
2, (i baker's vessel, l'laut. 

1. artus (arct us), -a -inn, adj., with compar. 
and BitperL (root Alt, Gr. AP, whence _'. artus, 
anna, &C), narrow, tight, close. I. Lit., catena, 
Ov. ; vinculum ad astriiigendain lldein artius, 
Cic; vallis, Liv. Bubst., artum -i, n., nar- 
row space; pugnfl in arto, Tac II. Transf., a, 
fast, sound; soinnus, Cic. ; b, oppressed by card; 
animus, Hor. ; c, small, meagre ; numerus, Tar.; 
commcatus, Liv.; d, difficult, distressing; res, 
Ov. Subst., (|iiuin in arto res cssct, Liv. 

2. artus -'is, m. (root Alt, Gr. dpflpoe), usu- 
ally plur., artus -nuiu, the 'joints'; dolor artmmi, 

Cic ; omnibus artubus contremisco, / 
tremble in all my limbs, Cic. ; fig., nervi atque 
artus sapientiae, Cic. ; poet., limbs; salsus per 
artus sudor iit, Vcrg. 

!a -ae, f., (dim. of ara), a little altar, Cic. 

arundifcr -fere -fSrum (arundo and fero), 
reed-bearing; caput, Ov. 

arundineus -a -uni, reedy ; canales, Verg. ; 
carmen, a sh'pherd's song, Ov. 

arundinosus -a -urn, full of reeds, Cat. 

arundo -Inia, f. a reed. A. Lit., crinea um- 
brosa tegebat arundo, Verg. ; casae ex ai line 
tcxtac. Liv. B. Meton., for an object made of 
reeds; 1, a fishing-rod; moderator arundinis, 
a fisherman, Ov. ; 2, limed twigs fin- catching 
birds, Tlaut., 3,a]*:n; tristis, a severe style, 

Mart.; 4, the shaft of an arrow, Ov. ; i t., 

the arrow itself, Verg. ; 5, a shepherd's pipe, 
Verg. ; 6, a flute, Ov. ; 7 a weaver's comb, Ov. ; 
8, a scare-crow, Hor. ; 9, a plaything for chil- 
dren, a hobby-horse, Hor. 

arveho = adveho. 

Arvcrni -Drum, m. a Gallic people in Agni- 
taint, in what is' now Auvergne. Adj., Arver- 
nus -a -uni, Arvernian. 

arvina -ae, f. fat, lard, Verg. 

arvum -i, n. (aro), 1, a ploughed, or sown 
field, Verg. ; 2, a country, region ; arva lacta, 
Verg. ; arva Neptunia, the sea, Verg. 

arvus -a -um, ploughed, Cic. 

arx -cis, f. (from ARC, root of arcco). a for- 
tress, citadel, stronghold. I. Lit., A. In the nar- 
row sense ; ne quando arx hostium esset, Liv. ; 
at Rome the arx was the .s'. W. height of the 
Capitol; ne quis patricius in arce aut in Capi- 
tolio liabitarct, Liv. ; used also of the whole hill ; 
Capitolina, Liv. ; the stronghold or chief 'place of 
a town; amisso oppido fugerat in arcem, Cic. ; 
the stronghold of a kingdom ; ad caput arcemque 
regni Pergamum, Liv. ; prow, arcem "fit cere e 
cloaca, to make a mountain of a mole-hill, Cic; 
B. In wider sense, the. height of heaven ; sidcrca 
arx, Ov. ; temples of the gods, Hor. ; (of towers), 
bcatao arces, Coryith, Hor. ; the height of amoun- 
tain; Parnassi arx, Ov. II. Transf. A. refuge, 
bulwark, protection ; haec urbs arx omnium gen- 
tium, Cic. B. head-quarters, chief place ; ubi 
Hannibal sit, ibi caput atque arcem totius belli 
esse, Liv. 

as, assis, m. (e!s), the whole as unity, divided 
into twelve unciae, called nncia •,'«, sextans J, 
quadrans }, triens j, quincunx {: : , semis i, sep- 
tunx T ',, bes 5, dodraus 1, dextaiis j, deunx }{. 
A. Gen., esp. in terms relating to inheritance, 
haeres ex asse, sole heir, Plin. B. Esp., 1, as a 
coin, the as, which originally consisted of a 
pound of copper, but was ultimately reduced to 
Js lb., and from the time of the second Punic 
war was worth a little over a farthing; hence 
prov., omnia ad assem perdere, to the lastfurthing, 
Ilor. ; non assis facerc, not to estimate at a fin- 
thing, Cat. ; 2, as a weight, a pound, Ov. ; 3, 
an acre, Plin. 

asbestinum -i, n. se. linum {avpiarivov), 
! iicombustible cloth, Plin. 

1. Ascamus -ii, in. son of Aeneasand Creusa, 
Verg. ; or cfLavinia, Liv. 

•2. Ascanius, -ii, in. a river in BUhynia, 
now 1'schatirgha Su. 

ascaulcs -is, m. (ao-nav^s), a bag piper, 

ascendo -scendi -scensum, 3. (ad and scan- 
do), to mount, ascend, go up. I. Lit. witli in and 
the ace, in murura, Cic. ; in equum, Cic ; in 
concionem, to go up to speak to the people, Cic. ; 
with ad, ad Gitanas, Liv. ; with ace. alone, 
murum, Caes. ; ripairi equo, Cic. II. Transf., 
to rise, in tantum honorem, Cic. ; altiorem 
gradinn, Cic. ; gradatim asceudore vocem utile 
et suave est, the voice rising higher and higher, 

asccnsio -On is, f. an ascent, Plant. ; transf., 
oratoruni, lofty flight, Cic 

ascensus -us, m. a going up, climbing up, 
ascent. I. A. Lit., in Capitolium, Cic. B. 
Transf., primus ad honoris gradum, Cic. II. 
Meton., the place for ascending; diilicilis atque 
arduus, Cic. 

ascia -ae, f. a carpenter's axe or ad:e, a p. 

ascio, (ad-scio), 4. to take to oneself, adopt as 
one's own; socios, Verg. ; asciri per adoptionein, 

ascisco (adscisco), asclvi, ascltum, 8. (ascio) 
to receive, (ohnil. I. Lit., with ad and the ace, 
ad hoc scelcris foedus, Cic ; with in, aliquem 
in numcruin civium, Cic. ; with inter, inter 




patricios, Tae. ; with dat., ■ superis ascitus, 
Caesar, Ov. ; with double ace, aliquem patro- 
iium, Cic II. Transf. A. to adopt, lianc eon- 
suetudinom, Cic. B. to approve of; quas e 8 es ) 
Latini voluerunfc, ascivcrunt, Cic. ; 2, to claim 
for oneself, silii sapienfium, Cic. 

1. ascitus -a -inn (partic. of ascisco), foreign, 
derived from without (opp. nativus), Nep. 

2. ascitus -us, m. an acceptance, reception, Cic. 
ascopera -ac, f. (ao-Kon-qpa), a leather knap- 
sack, Snet. 

Ascra -ae, f. ("Acn<pa), a small town in Boeo- 
tia, near Mount Helicon, the home of Hesiod. 
Adj., Ascraeus -a-uin ; a, Ascraean, of Ascra; 
poeta, Prop. ; senex, Verg. ; simply Ascraeus = 
Hesiod, Ov. ; b, carmen, Hesiodic, or nuul, 
Verg. ; c, fontes, Heliconian, Prop. 

ascribo (ad-scribo) -scripsi -scriptum, 3. 
(ail and scribo), to write to, or in addition. A. 
Lit. 1, with dat., poenam focderibus, Cic. ; 
with in and the ace., aliquid in eaiidem legem, 
Cic ; 2, toji.c, appoint; aliquem tutorem liberis, 
Cic. ; 3, to enrol;- aliquem in civitatem, Cic. ; 
esp., a, as a colonist, colonos, Liv.; with ace, 
of the colony, colonos Vcnusiani, Liv. ; p, to 
enrol as a soldier; urbanae militiae ascribi, Tac 
B. Transf. 1, to reckon, tinder a class, include; 
with ad or in and the ace, or with the dat., 
tu vero me ascribe in talein numerum, Cic. ; 
aliquem ordinibus deorum,Hor. ; with two ace, 
opinio socium me ascribit tuis laudibus, Cic. ; 
2, to attribute, impute, alicui iiicommodum, Cic. 

ascripticius -a -um, one who is enrolled as a 
member of a community, Cic. 

ascriptio -ouis, f. an addition in writing, Cic. 

ascriptivus -a -um, enrolled as a supernu- 
merary, Plant. 

ascriptor -oris, m. one who willingly adds 
his name, one who approves of ; legis agraiiae, Cie. 

Asculum -i, n. town of the riceutines. Adj., 

Asculanus -a -um, of or belonging to Asculum. 

asella -ac, f. (dim. of asina),a little she-ass, Ov. 

ascllus -i, m. (dim. of asinus), a little ass, Cic. 

Asia -ac, f. ('Ao-i'o). I. the district in Lydia 
near the river Cayster. II. The continent of Asia.. 
III. The peninsula of Asia Minor; sometimes 
used specially for the kingdom of Pergamus 
(Liv.), or of the Troad (Ov.). IV. In the nar- 
rowest sense (the ordinary meaning of the word), 
the Soman province of Asia, formed out of the 

kingdom of Pergamus; hence, 1, Asiagenes 

-is, m. surname ofL. Corn. Scipio; 2, Asianus 
-a -um, belonging to the province of Asia. Plur. 
subst., Asian! -orum, m. the farmers of the 

taxes of the province of Asia, Cic. ; 3, Asiatl- 
cus -a -urn, Asiatic, surname of L. Corn. Scipio; 

Asiatic! oratores, bombastic, ornate, Cic. ; 4, 
it a 

Asis -idis, f. Asiatic; 5, Asius -a -um, palus, 
the marsh round Ephesus, Verg. 

asilus -i, m. the gad-fly, Verg. 

asina -ae, f. a she ass, Varr. 

asimnus -a -um, belonging to an cuss, Plin. 

Asinius -a -um, name of a Roman gens, of 

which the most celebrated was C. Asinius Pollio, 
friend of J. Caesar and Augustus, statesman, 
orator, poet, historian. 

asinus -i, m. A. an ass, Cic. B. Transf., 
a dolt, blockhead; quid nunc te, asine, litteras 
doccam, Cic. 

Asopus -i, in. ('Ao-ion-dt). I. a, a river in 
Boeotia; b, the river-god Asopus; hence, A. 
Asopiades -ae, m. a descendant of Asopnis 

(Aeacus), Ov. B. Asopis -idis, f. 1, Aegina, 
daughter of Asopus, mother of Aeacus by Jupiter, 
Ov. ; 2, Kuadne, daughter of Aegina, Ov. II. a 
river in 1'hthiotis. 

asotus -i, m. (do-uiTos), a sensualist, libertine, 

asparagus -i, m. (dairapayos), asparagus, 

aspargo, v. aspcrgo. 

Aspasia -ae, f. (Aa-jraaia), the most celebrated 
of the Greek hetaerae, mistress of I'cricles. 

aspectabilis -e, visible, Cic. 

aspecto, 1. I. to look at earnestly, or with 
respect; a, quid me aspectas, Cic. ; b, of place, 
to lie towards, to face ; mare quod Hibcrniam in- 
sulam aspectat, Tac. II. to observe, attend to; 
jussa principis, Tac. 

aspectus -us, m. A. Act. 1, o seeing, look- 
ing, sight; uno aspectu, Cic. ; oculi mobiles ut 
aspectum quo vellent facile converterent, Cic. ; 
2, view, limit of vision; orbes Qui aspectum 
nostrum deliniunt, Cic; 3, power, of. vision,; 
omnia quae sub aspectum cadunt, Cic. B. Pass. 
1, sight, power of being seen; patriam privare 
aspectu tuo, Cic. ; situs Syracusarum lactus ad 
aspectum, Cic. ; 2, look, aspect, appearance ; 
pomorum jucundus aspectus, Cic. 

aspcllo -piili -pulsum (abs and pello), 3. to 
drive away, Plant. 

Aspendus -i, f. ("Ao-Trci-SoO, a town in Pam- 
phylia. Adj., Aspcndius -a -um, of or belong- 
ing to Aspendus. 

asper -8ra -eruin (-pra-prum, Verg.), rough; 
1, physically, a, to the sense of touck ; loca, 
uneven, Caes. ; mare, stormy, Liv. ; aspera 
caelo, inclement in climate, Liv. Subst, as- 
perum -i, ji. roughness, a rough place, Tac. ; 
b, to the senses of taste and smell, pungent, 
sour; viiiuin, Tcr. ; c ? to the sense of hearing, 
harsh, (/rating, Cie. ; litem aspera, the letter Jt, 
Ov. ; 2, morally, rough, wild, harsh; homo asper 
et durus, Cic ; of animals, fierce, auguis asper 
siti, Verg. ; of events, adverse, troublous, danger- 
ous; res, fempoia, Cic. ; sententia, severe, Liv. ; 
of speech, harsh, bitter ; facetiae, Cie. 

aspcrc, adv. (asper), roughly; loqui, Cic; 
siribere, Oic 

1. aspergo (aspargo) -spersi -spersum, 3. (ad 
and spargo). I. to sprinkle ; a, guttam bulbo, 
Cic. ; virus pecori, Verg. ; b, to cast upon, mingle 
with, add; sapores hue, Verg. ; transf., alicui 
molestiam, Cic. II. to bespatter; a, aram san- 
guine, Cic. ; transf., to sully, stain, asperse; splen- 
dorein vitac maculis, Cic. ; b, to strew- over; olivam 
sale, Plin. ; transf., aliquid mendaciunculis, Oic. 

2. aspergo (aspargo) -lids, f. a sprinkling, 
besprinkling, spray ; aquarum, Ov. ; salsa ad- 
spargo, Verg. 

asperitas -atis, f. roughness. I. Lit. 1, to 
the touch, uheiienness; saxorum, Cic. ; 2, to the 
taste, sourness; vini, Plin. ; 3, to the ear, harsh- 
ness ; soni, Tac. II. Transf., 1, of character, 
harshn ess, fierceness, severity, austerity ;Stoicorum, 
Cic. ; 2, of inanimate things, severity; frigorum, 
severe cold, Sail. ; of circumstances, calamity, 
difficulty ; reruni, Cic; of speech, harshness; 
judicialis verborum, Cic. 

aspernatio -dnis, f. contempt, Cic. 

aspcrnor, 1. den, to despise, contemn, reject, 
spurn; aspcriiatur dolorem ut malum, Cic J 
amicitiam alieujus, Cic. ; with a and the abl., 
proscriptionem nisi hoc judicio a vobis rejicitis 
atque aspenianiini, Cic 

aspcro, 1. to make rough. I. Lit., a, gla- 
cialis hiems aquilonibus asperat undas, nuike 
stormy, Verg. ; b, to sharpen, whet; sagittas 




ossibus, Tac IL Trtinsf., to excite, arouse; 
aliquem in saevitiam, Tac. 

asperslo -onis, f. o sprinkling ; aquae, Cic. 

aspersus -fw, m. a sprinkling, Plin. 

asplcio -spcxl -spectum, S. (ad and specio). 
I. to look at, behold, see. A. Lit, 1. a, of 
persons, luceni aspicerc vix possum, endure the 
Ivjht of day, live, Cic. ; b, of places, to look to- 
wards, to face ; ra pars Britanniae quae Hiher- 
niain aspicit, Tac. ; 2, a, to survey, inspect ; 
tabulas, Cic. ; b, to look straight in the face, to 
withstand, confront; aliquem in acie, Ncp. ; 
liostem aspicerc non possunt, Cic. B. Transf., 
1 to weigh, consider; neque tanta est in rebus 
obscuritas, ut eas non penitus vir ingenio cernat, 
si modo aspexerit, Cic. ; 2, to investigate; res 
Bociorum, Liv. II. Inchoative, to perceive; 
simulac Lentnlum aspexit, Cic. 

aspiratio -Gnis, f. 1, a breathing; aeris, 
Cic. ; 2, exhalation ; terraruni, Cic. ; 3, the 
pronunciation of the letter 11, aspiration, Cic. 

aspiro, 1. to breathe, blow tipon. I. Intransit., 
to breathe or blow upon. A. Lit., pulmones se 
contrahunt aspirantes, exhaling, Cic. ; aspirant 
aurae in noctem, towards evening, Verg. B. 
Transf., 1, to be favourable In, assist; aspiravit ne- 
mo eorum, Cic. ; with dat., vos, Calliope, aspirate 
canenti, Verg. ; 2, to approach, Februario mense 
aspiravit in Curiam, Cic. ; 3, to climb up to, to 
endeavour to obtain, to reach to (in Cic. only with 
negatives), ex bellica laude ad Africanum aspirate 
nemo potest, Cic. II. Transit,, to breathe upon, 
bloiv on. A. Lit., Juno ventos aspirat eunti, give 
them a favourable wind, Verg. B. Transf., to 
infuse, divinum amorem dictis, Verg. 

aspis -Wis, f. (aern-i's), an adder, asp, Cic. 

asportatio -onis, f. a taking away, carry iug 
off ; Bignorum, Cic. 

asporto, 1. (aba and porto), to carry off, 
take away; mnlta de snis rebus secum, Cic; 
abreptam ex eo loco virginem secum, Cic. 

asprctum -i, n. (asper), a rough, uneven 
spot, Liv. 

Assaracus -i, m. ('Ao-o-dpaKo?), a mythical 
king of Phrygia, son o/Tros, brother of Gany- 
mede, grandfather of Anchises; Assaraci nurus, 
Venus, Ov. ; domus Assaraci, the Romans, Verg. ; 
Assaraci tcllns, Troii, Hor. 

assecla (assecula) -ae, ra. (assequor), a 
follower, servant, sycophant; assentatores eorum 
atque asseculae, Cic. 

asscctatio -Onis, f. respectful attendance, 
e.g., of a client on a patron, Cic. 

asscctator -oris, m., 1, a companion, fol- 
lower; cum ducilms ipsis, non cum comitatn 
assectatoribusque confligant.Cic. ; 2, a disciple; 
philosophiae, Plin. 

asscctor, 1, dep., to follow, attend assidu- 
ously (esp. of friends of candidates) ; quum 
aedilitatem P. Crassus peteret eumque Ser. 
Galba assectaretnr, Cic. 

assensio-onis, 1, assent, agreement,opplause ; 
popularis, Cic. ; rem assensione eomprobare, 
Cic. ; plnr., crebrae assensiones, Cic. ; 2, aa 
philosoph. t.t., belief in the reality of sensible 
appearances (Gr. <rvyKaTd0eo-i$), Cic. 

assensor -oris, m. one who assents or agrees ; 
quotidie commeinorabara te unum in tantocxer- 
citu mihi fuisse assensorern, Cic. 

assensus -us, in. I. assent, agreement; as- 
sensu omnium dicerc, Cic. II. I&p. A. Philo- 
soph. t.t. belief in the reality of sensible appear- 
ances; assensum retinere, Cic. B. Poet., echo; 
nemorum, Verg. 

, arrsontatio -onis, f. a flattering assent or ap- 

plause, Jlattery ; faceta paraNitorum, Cic. ;nullam 
in amicitiis-pestem esse majorem quain adula- 
tionem, blamlitiam, assentationeni, Cic. ; plur., 
blanditiae et asseutationes, Cic. 

asscntatiuncula -ae, f. (dim. of assen- 
tatio), trivial jlattery, Cic. 

assentator -oris, m. (assentor), a flatterer; 
cavendura est ne asseutatoribus patefaciamus 
aures, Cic. 

asscntd toric, adv. (assentator), flatteringly 

assentatrix -trlcis, f. (assentator), afemak 
flatterer, Plant, 

assentio -sensi -sensnm, 4. and (gen. in clas- 
sical authors) assentior -sensus sum, -sentiri 
(ad and sentio), to assent to, agree with; a, de- 
ponent form, gov. dat. of pers., de Vennonianis 
rebus tibi assentior, Cic. ; with dat. of the 
thing, ut ego assentior orationi, Cic. ; with ace. 
of obj., ego illnd assentior Theophrasto, Cic. ; 
b, active form, cavendum est ne his rebus 
temereassentiamus,Cic; c, pass., neque percepta 
neque assensa, Cic. ; assentiendum temporibus, 
we must accommodate ourselves to the times, Cic. 

assentor, 1. dep. (intens. of assentior), to 
assent constantly, to flatter; benevolentiam civium 
blanditiis et assentando colligere, Cic. ; with obj. 
in ace, ut nihil nobis assentati esse videamur, 
Cic. ; Baiae tibi assentantur, wooes thee, Cic. 

assequor -cutus sum, 3. dep., to follow. 
I. Lit,, Poreius deinde assecutus cum levianna- 

tnra, Liv. II. Transf., to reach by following, come 
up to, attain ; a, aliquem, Cic. ; merita alicnjus 
non assequi, Cic. ; b, esp., to gain or attain to 
something for which onestrives; eosdeni honorum 
gradus, Cic. ; immortalitatein, Cic. ; foil, by nt 
or ne with the snlij., Cic. ; or by the infill., 
Cic. ; c, of tin 1 mind, to grasp, comprehend ; illi- 
quid cogitations, Cic. 

asser -en's, m. (root ASS, whence also assis 
or axis) a stake, a pole. A. Gen., Caes. B. Esp., 
a pole for carrying a litter, Suet. 

asserculum -i, n., or -us -i, m, a small 
stake or pole, Cato. 

1. assero -sevi •situm :>. (ad and scro), to 
plant at or wear ; populus assita limitibns, Hor. 

2. assero -semi -sertum, 3. (ad and sero), to 

join to. I. Legal t, t., A. tolau Void of a slave, 
and thereby declare him free ; n in liber- 

tat em, Liv. ; aliquem maim liberal! ..ansa, Plant. ; 
aliquem in liberal! causa, Cic, ; asserui jam me, 
I hare freed myself Ov. B. to claim as a slave; 
aliquem in servitutcm, Liv. II. Transf., A. to 
set free from, protect ; se a mortalitate, Plin. B. 
to claim; alicui regnum, Liv.; aliquem caelo, 
declare tlie celestial origin of a person, Ov. 

assertio -onis, f. a formal declaration as to 
freedom, Suet. 

assertor -oris, m. ('2. assero), one who asserts 
that another person is free or a slave. I, Lit,, 

A. one who defends the liberty of another ; asser- 
tor libertatis, Plin. B. one who asserts that ano- 
ther is a slave ; assertor puellae, Liv. II. Transf., 
o liberator, saviour, Ov. 

asservlo, 4. to assist, help; toto corpore 
contention! vocis, Cic. 

asservo, 1., a, to preserve; tabulas negli- 
gentius, Cic. ; aliquem domi suae, Cic. ; b, to 
watch, observe; oram, Cacs. ; fig., to attend to; 
jus negUgcntius, Cic. 

assessio -onis, f. (assidco), a sitting by the 
side of one (to console) ; quae tua fnerit assessio, 
oratio, conflrmatio animi mei fraeti, Cic. 

assessor -oris, m. (assideo), one who sits by 
the side to assist; Lacedaemonii regibus suis augu- 




rem assessorem dcderunt; eap., an assistant, a 
judicial assessor, Suet. 

assessus, abl. -u, m. (assideo), « sitting by 
the side of, Prop. 

asscveranter, adv., with compar. (as- 
severaus), earnestly, emphatically; loqui, Cic. 

asseveratio -onis, f. (assevero), 1, earnest- 
ness in action ; multa asseveratione coguntur 
pati'es, Tac. ; 2, vehement assertion, asseveration ; 
omni asseveratione tibi affinno (foil, by ace. 
with infin.), Cic. 

assevero, 1. (ad and severus), 1, to act with 
earnestness ; bella ironia, si jocareinur ; sin asse- 
veramus, vide ne, &c, Cic. ; 2, to assert confi- 
dently, strongly; with ace. and mfhi., idque se 
facturum asseveravit, Cic. ; with de and the 
abl., nemo de ulla re potest contendere neque 
asseverare, Cic. 

assideo -sedi, -sessum, 2. (ad and sedeo), 
to sit near, or by the side of. I. Gen., A. Lit., 
Sthenius est, is qui nobis assidet, Cic. B. 
Transf., to be next door to ; parcus assidet insauo, 
Hor. II. Esp., A. to sit at a person's side, to 
give comfort, advice, protection, &c. ; in carcere 
mater nodes dicsque assidebat, Cic. ; assidere 
aegro collegae, to sit at the bedside of, Li v. ; quum, 
Cn. Pompeius Lcntulo frequens assideret, Cic; 
judiciis assidebat, frequented, Tac. ; tola vita 
litteris, to devote oneself to, Plin. B. Milit. t.t. 
to besiege, blockade; with dat., intuctis minis, 
Liv. ; assidens Casilino, Liv. 

assido (ad -sido) -sedi -sessum, 3. to sit down; 
in bibliotheca, Cic. ; super aspidem, Cic. ; prop- 
ter Tuberonem, Cic. ; of an orator, to break doiun 
in a speech; subito assedit, Cic. 

assidue, adv. (assiduus), continuously, with- 
out remission ; voces quas audio assidue, Cic; 
quibus (litteris) assidue utor, Cic. 

assiduitas -atis, f. (assiduus). I. continual 
presence, attention of friends, clients, candidates ; 
quotidiana amicorum assiduitas et frequentia, 
Cic. ; medici, Cic. II. Transf., A. constancy; 
id assiduitateet virtute consequere, Cic. B. con- 
stant repetition; epistolarum, unintermittent cor- 
respondence, Cic. ; molestiarum, Cic. ; bellorum, 
■ assiduo = assidue, q.v. 

assiduus -a, -um (assideo). I. sitting in a 
place constantly, established. Political t.t., assi- 
duus -i, m. a settled and hence a well-to-do, tax- 
paying citizen, gen. in plur. assidui, Hie citizens 
of the upper classes ; opp. to proletarii (who paid 
no taxes), Cic. II. continuously in one place, or 
engaged in one occupation; a, ruri assiduum 
semper vivere, Cic. ; audivi Romae esse homi- 
nem et fuisse assiduum, Cic; esp. of the friends 
who attended candidates and magistrates, me- 
cum fuit assiduus praetore me, Cic ; b, con- 
stant, stetuiy ; qui filios suos agricolas assiduos 
esse cupiunt, Cic. ; c, of things, constant, un- 
ceasing; imbres, Cic. ; homines labore assiduo 
et quotidiano assueti, Cic. 

assignatio -onis, f. assignment, allotment; 
agrorum, Cic. 

assigno, 1. to assign to any one, allot. I. 
A. Lit., inferiorem aedium partem alicui, Cic. ; 
esp., of allotting lands to colonists, loca, Cic. ; 
agros colonis, Cic. ; agruni militibus, Cic B. 
Transf., muuus humanum adeoassignatum, Cic. 
C. to ascribe; hoc preceptum deo, Cie. ; aliquid 
homini, non tempori, Cic. II. to seal, Pers. 

assilio -sllui, 4. (ad and salio), to leap to, or 
on. I. Gon., a, of persons moeni.bus, Ov. ; b, 
of water, to dash up ; assiliens aqua, Ov. II. 
Transf., to jump to; neque assiliendum statim 
est ad genus illud oratipnjs, Gig. 

assimilis -c, like, similar ; with dat., assim- 
ilis spongiis mollitudo, Cic. ; with gun., Ov. 

asshniliter, adv. (assimilis), in like manner, 

assimulatus -a -um (partic of assimulo), 

1, similar, Lucr. ; 2, feigned, pretended, simu- 
lated ; virtus, Cic. 

assimulo, 1. to make like. I. A. deos in 
humani oris speciein, Tac. ; litterae lituraeque 
omnes assimulatae, Cic B. to compare, Cic. ; 
formam totius Britanniae auctores oblongae 
scutulae vel bipenni assimulavere, Tac. II. to 
imitate, counterfeit, pretend; anum, Ov. ; with 
ace. and infin., Plaut. ; with quasi and the 
subj., Plaut. 

assisto, astiti, no sup., 3. to place oneself, 
take up a position. I. Lit., a, ad fores, Cic; 
b, to stand by; foribus principum, Cic; ad 
epulas regis, Cic. II. Transf. to help, Tac. 

assdleo, 2. to be accustomed ; used only in 
the third person sing, and plur., deinde quae 
assolent (scribi), Cic. ; utassolet, as is usual, Cic. 

assono, 1. to answer with a sound ; plangen- 
tibus assonat echo, Ov. 

assucfacio -feci -faetura, 3. (*assueo and 
facio), to accustom to; ad supplicia patrum ple- 
bem, Liv. ; with abl., quorum seruione qui as- 
suel'acti want, Cic; with dat., pedites operi 
aliisque juslis militarilms, Liv. ; with inlin., 
equos eodem remancr.. vestigio, Caes. 

assuesco -suevi -suetum, 3. (*assueo). I, 
Transit., to accustom; qui pluribus assuerit 
meiitcm, Hor. II. Intiansit., to accustom one- 
self; assuevi, I am wont, Cic. ; assuetus, accus- 
tomed; with in and the ace, in omnia familiaria 
jura assuetus, Liv. ; with abl., homines labore 
assiduo et quotidiano assueti, Cic ; with dat., 
quaestui. Liv. ; with ace, ne tanta animis as- 
suescite bella, Verg. ; with infin., assueti vinci, 
Liv. (syncop. perf. forms assuesti, assuerim, 
assueram, assuesse). 

assuetudo -Inis, f. 1, custom, use, Liv. ; 2, 
carnal intercourse, Tac. 

assuetus -a -um, adj. (from assuesco), 1, used 
to, accustomed to ; assueta oculis regie, Liv. ; 

2, usual; assueti collis cultores, Liv. 
assugo -suetum, 3. to suck, Lucr. 
assula -ae, f. a shaving, chip, Plaut. 
assulatim, adv. (assula), in shivers or 

splinters, Plaut. 
assiilose, adv. (assula), splinter-wise, Plin. 

assulto, 1. (Intens. of assilio), to leap vio- 
lently upon. I. Gen., feminae assultabant ut 
sacriflcantes aut insanientes Bacchae, Tac. II. 
Esp., to attack, assault; tergis pugnantium, Tac; 
latera et frontem (agminis), Tac. 

assultus -Q, m. (assilio), a leaping upon, 
assault, Verg. 

assum (adsum), affiii (ad-fui), adesse, to 
be present, to be at. I. Gen., A. Of persons, 1, of 
bodily presence, heri quum non adessetis, Cic. ; 
omnes qui aderant, Caes. ; mane ad portam 
adesse, Cic. ; in foro, Liv. ; ante oculos, Verg. ; 
portis (dat.), Verg. ; hue ades, come here, Verg. ; 
2, of the mind, in the phrase adesse animo or 
animis, to attend; adestote omnes animis, Cic; 
also, to be of good courage; ades animo et omitte 
timorem, Cic. B. Of things, to be near, at hand ; 
frumcntuin conferri, comportari, adesse, Caes. ; 
tanti aderant morbi, Cie. ; adesse Romanis ulti- 
lnuin diem, Liv. II, to be present with a fixed 
object, to be in. one's place. A. 1, of men, primuni 
me ipsum vigilare, adesse, Cic. ; adversus hostcs, 
Sail. ; jam omnes furoces aderant, Sail. ; nuui 
ades ad pnrendum vol ftd iinperandum potins, 
Cic ; 2, of deities, adsis placidusque juves, Verg. ! 




rebus Romanis, (o be favourable to, IJ\*. ; si for- 
tiinft ooeptla nffnerit , Tac. B. Esp., 1, /<> be 
present to witness, ox to store in; ad suQrugii in, 
Cic. ; with <lat., comiliis, Cic; pugnao, Liv.; 
adoaso Bcribcudo scnatus consulto or dcci'oto, 
tn witness, Cic. ; 2, to be present to help or ad- 
rise; seiiipci absenti Deiotaro, Cic; alicujus 
rebus, Cic. ; alicui adesse in consilio, to be an 
assessor to, Cic; to support or defend in the law- 
courts; adesse Quinctio, Cic; contra Satrium, 
Cic. ; 3, to be present in a court of justice; a, as 
the accused, adesse .jubcri, Cic. ; or b, as the ac- 
cuser, adesse in judicio, Cic. 

assumo -sumpsi -sumptum, 3. to take to one- 
self. A. Lit. novas humeris alas, Ov. ;plurasibi 
aasainunt qnam de se corpora luittunt, Lucr. 
B. Transf., 1, to take for ones assistance; a, of 
persons, lcgiones in Italia, Cic. ; aliquem in 
societatem arnioruin, Liv. ; aliquem in nomen 
familiamque, Tac. ; b, of things, aliquantum 
hoctis, Cic. ; assuinpta verba, words borrowed 
from another source, Cic. ; auxilia extrinsecus, 
Cic; 2, to appropriate tto oneself, to tale; a, 
regni insignia, Tac. ; Cercris sacra de Qraecia, 
Cic. ; b, to claim, in eo sibi praecipuam laudem 
assmnere, Liv.; 3, to take in addition, to; a, si 
quis in aliqua arte excellens aliam qnoquc artcm 
"si l>i assumpserit, Cic. ; b, logical t.t. to state the 
minor premises of a syllogism, Cic. 

assumptio -onis, f. (assumo), 1, choice, adop- 
tion, Cic. ; 2, the minor premises of a syllogism, Cic. 

assumptlVUS -a -inn (assumo), which o 
a defence from an extraneous cause ; causa, Cic. 

assuo, 3. to sew on; unus et alter assuitur 
pannus, Hor. 

assurgo -surrexi -surrectum, 3. to rise up, 
stand up. I. Of persons, A. Gen., assurgentem 
regem umbone resnpinat, Liv. ; quag dum reci- 
tatur, vos quaeao. qui earn detuusEis, assurgite, 
Cic. ; assurgero alicui, to rise up in the presence 
of, as a sign of respect, Cic; pass., haec ijisa sunt 
honorabilia, salutari, appeti, deccdi, assurgi, 
Cic. ; lirmissima vina, Tmolius assurgit quibus 
et rex ipse Fhanacus, yields the preference, Verg. 
B. Esp., a, to rise from a sick-bed; no assur- 
rcxisse quiilem ex morbo, Liv. ; b, to rise to give 
more force to a blow; quantus in clipenm assur- 
gat, Verg. ; c, to rise, into the air; assurgere in 
auras, Verg. ; d, querelis baud justis assurgis, 
break out into, Verg. II. Of things, to rise. A. 
colics assurgunt, Liv. B. to appear, show itself; 
non cocptac assurgent tunes, Verg. 

assus -a -mil (from areo, as cassus from careo), 
dried. I. Lit., a, roasted, Plant. ; assum vitu- 
linum, roost veal, Cic. ; b, of bathing, sol, bask- 
ing in the sun without being anointed, Cic. ; 
balnearia assa, a sweating bath, Cic. II. Trans)'., 
nutrix, a dry-nurse, Juv. 

Assyria -ae, f. (Acrcrvpia), a country in Asia, 
between Media, Mesopotamia, and Babylon- 
Adj., Assyrius -a -urn, Assyrian.; poet., fui' 
Median, Phrygian, Phoenician, Indian, &c. ; 
Assyril -orum, m. the Assyrians. 

ast = at, q.v. 

Asta -ae, f. ("Ao-to), a town in Hispania Bae- 
tica, now Mesa de Asta ; hence adj., Astensis 
-e, of or belonging to Asta. 

Astacus -i, m. father of Melanippus ; hence, 
Astacidos -ae, in. the son of Astacus. 

Astapa -ae, f. town in Hispania Baetica, 
now Estepa, 

Asteria -ae, f., and -id -e"s, f. CAcrrepir)). I. 
daughter of Cneus and Phoebe, changed into an 
island, first called, Asterin, afterwards Ortygia, 
and later still Delos. II. (Astcric), a woman's 
name, Hor- 

astcrno, 3. to scatter upon ; pass, to be 
stretclied out ; nstcrnuiitur, Ov. 

astipulatio -onis, f., 1, the assenting to, con- 
firmation of, Plin. 

astipulator -oris m. A. Legal t.t., at Koine, 
one wlu> joined another (the stipulator) in the. 
Human contract catted stipulatio. B. Transf., a 
supporter; Stoici et eorum astipulator Anti- 
ochus, Cic. 

astlpulor, 1., dep. to assent to, Liv. 

astitUO -tui -tfitum, m. (ad and statuo), 3. to 
put, or plate somewhere, Plant. 

asto -stiti, nosup., 1. 1. to standby. A. Gen. 
alicui, Plant ; astauteetinspectante ipso, Caes. ; 
astat in couspectu meo, Cic. B. to stand by the 
side to help, to assist, Plant. II. to stand upright, 

Astraca -ae, f. ('Ao-Tpai'a), Astraea, goddess 
of justice, who left the earth in the iron age, and 
was placed among the stars under the name Virgo. 

astrepo (ad-strepo), -streprii -strepitum, 3., 

1, to make a noise at; astrepebat vulgus, Tac. ; 

2, to applaud, ; haec dicenti, Tac. 
astrictc, adv. (astrictus), of discourse, con- 
cisely, briefly, Cic. 

astrictus -a -urn, p. adj. with compar. (from 
astringo), tight, compressed, drawn together. A. 
Lit., limen, shut,Ov. ; non astrictus soccus, negli- 
gent, slatternly writing, Hor. ; irons, wrinkled, 
Mart.; aquae, frozen, Ov. B. Transf., 1, close- 
fisted, avaricious ; pater, 'Prop. ; mos, Tac. ; 2, 
of oratory, a, bound by the limits of rhythm; 
numero et astricto et soluto, Cic. ; b, concise', 
contracta et astricta eloquentia, Cic. 

astrifer -fera -ferum (astrum and fero), 
starry, placed among the stars, Mart. 

astringo -strinxi -strictum, 3. I. Lit. to 
tighten, draw together, compress, contract, bind 
together; a, quae (vinculum) astringit, Cic; 
aliquem ad statuain, Cic. ; b, of cold, to contract, 
Ov. II. Trail si'., a, to draw light; pater nimis 
indulgens quidquid ego astrinxi rclaxat, Cic. ; b, 
of writing or speech, to compress ; brevitor argu- 
ments, Cic. ; c, to bind, fetter, oblige; vel arinis 
xc[ legibus to torn Galliain sempi tends vinculis, 
Cic. ; se videre astl'ingere or astringi, to commit 
oneself to, become guilty of, Cic. 

astrologia-ae, f.(do-TpoKoyio.),astronomy,Cic. 

astrologus -i, in. (acn-poAdYos), 1, an astro- 
nomer, Cic. ; 2, an. astrologer, Cic. 

astrum -i, n. (aa-Tpov), a. star, a constellation. 
A. Lit., cognitio astrorum, Cic. ; astrum nalale, 
Hor. ; poet., of a great height, turns educta ad 
astra, Verg. B. Transf., tollcre in astra, to exalt 
sky-high, Cic. ; ex astris decidere, from the highest 
glory, Cic. ; sic iturad astra, thus is immortality 
gained, Verg. 

astruo (ad and struo), -struxi -structum, 3. 
I. Gen. to build to or near, to build in addition S 
gradus, Liv. II. Transf., to add to; formae 
aninuim, Ov. 

astu (asty), only ace. and abl. asttt, n. (ao-ru), 
the city (only used of Athens), Cic. 

astiipco, 2, to be astonishcl at, Ov. 

Astura -ae, f. fAorupa), a river inLatinm, 
still called Astura. 

asturco -Onis, m. anAsturian horse, Plin. 

Astiires -um, m. ("Ao-Tvpe?), the Asturians, 
a people in Spain ; sing. Astur -uris, m. ; hence, 

a, Asturia -ao, f. the country of the Astur es ; 

b, Asturicus -a -um, Aslnrian. 

astus -us, m. cleverness, adroitness, cunning, 
Verg., Liv. 

astute, adv., with compar. and superl. (as- 
tutus), cunningly, astutely^ Cic, 



astutia -ae, f. adroitness, astuteness, craft, Cic. 

astutus -a -tun (astus), adroit, clever, astute, 
cunning, crafty, Cic. 

Astyages -is, m. ('Ao-Tvay>)s)- I. King of 
Media, grandfather of the elder Cyrus. II. a 
comiwnion of Phinexts. '. 

Astyanax -actis, m. ('Ao-ruaraf). I. son of 
Hector and Andromache. II. a tragic actor of 
Cicero's time. 

Astypalaea -ae, f. ^'Acrrv7raA<:ia), island 
near Crete. Adj., 1, Astypalaeensis -c; 2, 
Astypaleius -a -um, belonging to Astypalaea.- 

asylum -i, n. (a<rv\ov), a sanctuary, place 
of refuge, asylum, Cic; teinpla quae asyla Graeci 
appellant, Liv. 

asymbolus -a -um (o.ctvm/3oAos), one who con- 
tributes nothing to the tost of an entertainment, Ter. 

at (ast). conj., but, moreover. I. To introduce 
an idea different from, but not entirely opposed 
to, one that has gone before. A. una(navis)cum 
Nasidianis profugit, at ex reliquia unapraemissa 
Massiliam, Cic. B. 1, in prayers, exhortations, 
etc., at videte hominis intolerabilem audaciam, 
Cic. ; 2, in expressions of astonishment or im- 
patience, at per deos iinmortales quid est quod 
diei possit, Cic. II. To express an idea entirely 
opposed to the preceding one. A. non coguos- 
ccbantur foris, at domi, Cic. ; strengthened, at 
contra, Cic. ; at ctiam, Cic. ; at vero, Cic. B. 
1, to introduce an imaginary objection in an 
argument, factumne sit? at constat, Cic; 2, 
but at least, yet at least; nou est, inquit, in parieti- 
bus respublica, at in aris et focis, Cic. 

atabulus -i, m. a hot wind in Apulia, the 
sirocco, Hot. * 

Atalanta -ae and -e -es, f. ('Ato-Acuit)), a 
maiden of Boeotia or Arcadia, famous for her 
speed in running; she refused to marry any one 
except tlie person who could beat her in a race; 
finally conquered by Milanion by the aid of Aphrod- 
ite. Adj. , Atalantaeus -a, in. of or belonging 
to Atalanta. 

atat, attat, attatae, attattatae, etc. 
(arrarai), an interjection expressive of pain, 
astonishment, fear, warning, etc, oh! ah! alas! 
Plaut., Ter. 

atavus -i, m. I. the father of the abarus or 
great-great-grandfather, Cic. II. atavi, plur. = 
ancestors, Maecenas atavis edite regibus, Hot. 

Atella -ae, f. a very ancient city of Campania. 
Adj:, a, Atellanus -a, -um; fabella, or gen. 
simply Atellana -ae, f. a species of popular 
farce, long popular in Rome, Liv.,Juv.; hence, a, 
Atellanus -i, m. a player in these dramas ; b, 
Atellanius -a -um ; Atellanicus -a -um. 

ater, atra, atrum, black, dark ((lead black, while 
niger is shining black). I. Lit., nemus, Vcrg. ; 
mare, stormy, Hor. ; alba discernere et atra non 
posse, Cic. ; poet. = atratus, clothed til black; 
lictores, Hor. II. Transf. A. black, as 'a sign 
of mourning, calamity, etc ; dark, gloomy, sad, un- 
fortunate, mors, cura, Hor. ; atri dies, in the 
Roman calendar, those on which tlie republic had 
suffered a great misfortune, Liv. . B. malicious, 
poisonous; atro dente petere aliquein, Hor. 

Athamanes -um, in. (AOanaves), the Atlia- 
manes, inhabitant* of Athamania ; hence Atha- 
marria -ae, f. a country in the south of Epints. 

Athamas -antis, m. ('Afla^as), son of Aeolus 
and king ofThessaly, father of I'hrixus and Helle, 

Mclicerta and Learchus ; hence, a, Athaman- 
thcus -a -um, aurum, the golden fleece, Mart. ; 
b, Athamantlades -ae, m. Palacraon, Ov. ; 
«, Atli&ma^is -jdjs, f. lfeUe, Oy, 


Athenae -arum, f. ('A9m<at), Athens; meton., 
learning, 3xw. ; hence, a, Athcnaeus a -tun; 
b, Attieniensis -e, Athenian. Subst., Athcn- 
ienscs -ium, in. the Athenians. 

Athcnio -onis, in. a Sicilian shepherd, leader 
of tlie slaves in the 2nd Slave War (102 B.C.). 

athcos and atheus -i, in. (£0eos), an atheist, 
Cic. . 

Athesis, ace. -sini, abl. -si, in. ( Afletris), a 
river in Rkaetia, now Adiga, Etsch. 

athleta -ae, m. (<10At)7tjs), one who contends 
in the public games, wrestler, athlete, Cic. 

athleticus -a -um (ieArjTiicos), relating to an 

Athos, dat. -o, aco. -o, and -on, abl. -o 
("A0ws), and Atho or Athon -6nis, m.'a rocky 
mountain at the end of the peninsula of Chal- 

Atilius -a -um, name of a Roman gens;l, M. 
Atilius Regulus (see Regulus): 2, M. Atilius, an, 
early Roman poet. Adj., Atllianus -a -um. 

Atina -ae, f. a town in Latium, still called 
Atina; hence Atlnas -Stis, belonging to Atina. 

Atlas -antis, m. ("AtAcs), 1, ahigh mountain 
in Africa, on which the sky was supposed to rest; 
2, a mythical king and giant, son of Iapetvs ami 
Clymcne, king of Mauretunia, clianged into a 
vwuntainby Perseus ; hence, a, Atlantis -Idis, f. 
a female descendant of Atlas, Electro, Ov. ; Calypso, 
Tib. ; plur., Atlantides, the Pleiades and Hyades ; 

b, Atlanticus -a -um, mare, the Atlantic ocean; 

c, Atlanteus -a -um, linis, Libyan, Hor. ; d, 
AtlantiadCS -ae, m. a descendant of Atlas, 
Mercury (son of Maia, daughter of Atlas) ; or 
Hermaphroditus(son of Mercury and great-grand- 
son of At lax). 

atoniUS -1, f. (aro/j.0^), that which is incapable 
of division, an atom, Cic. 

atque, or ac (ac only before consonants), 
and, and also. A. Joining single words ; 1, Gen., 
spargere ac disseminate, Cic. ; a, and also ; no- 
biles atque ignobiles, Sail. ; b, and moreover, 
and even; alii intra inoenia atque in sinu urbis 
sunthostcs, Ball.; with the pron.,hic,is,idem,etc, 
negotium magnum est navigave atque id mense 
Quintili, and especially, Cic. ; so atque etiam, 
Cic. ; 2, with comparisons ; a, with words ex- 
pressing comparison, as aeque, aequus, idem, 
item, juxta, par, proximo, similis, similiter, talis, 
totidem ; or expressing dissimilarity, as aliter, 
aliorsum, alius, contra, contxarius, dissimilis, 
secus ; b, with comparatives, for quam, artius 
atque hedera procera astringitur ilex, Hor. ; c, 
simul atque, as soon as, Cic. ; 3, with negatives, 
and not rather (also with potius); si hoc dis- 
suadere est, ac non disturbare atque pervertere, 
Cic. B. Joining sentences, and so; 1, atque 
illi onmes sine dubitatione condemnant, Cic. ; 2, 
to join a more important thought, and esjiecially ; 
id estne numerandum in bonis? Ac maximis 
quidem, Cic. ; 3, to introduce an adversative 
clause, ac tamen, Cic. ; 4, to introduce an ob- 
jection raised by the speaker or writer himself, 
ac ne sine causa videretur edixisse, Cic; 5, in 
narration, and so; atque iis, quos nominavi, Cic ; 
6, at tlie end of a speech or treatise, ac de primo 
quidem oflicii fonte diximus, Cic. C. Particular 
connections and phrases ; 1, alius atque alius, 
now this, now that, Liv. ; 2, atque utinam, to 
express a wish, Cic. ; 3, to make an assertion 
general, atque omnia, or omnes. atquc liaec 
omnia verba oontinentur, Cic. ; 4, with othor 
conjunctions, after et, non minis et vi ao metu, 
Cic! ; alter quo (Or. t« . . . «taf), subinoveriquo 
atquo in castra rcdigi, Liv. ; with nee, Mart, j 
repealed in poetry, atcjue dcos atquc ftstra, Verg, 




atqui, con, j. (at and qui = quoi — quo), never- 
theless, notwithstanding. I. Gen., atqui non ego 
te frangore persequor, Hor. ; indeed, certainly, 
Cic. II. Egp. in logical conclusions, to intro- 
duce the minor premise, but now, now, Cic;. 

atramentum -i, n. (ater), 1, any black 
fluid ; sepiae, Cic. ; 2, ink, Cic ; 3, blue vitriol, 
shoemaker's black; sutoriuin atramentum, Cic. 

atratus -a -um (ater), clothed in black, in 
mourning, Cic. 

Atrax -acis ("Arpaf), 1, a river in Aetolia ; 
2, a city in Thcssaly ; lieuce, a, Atracides -no, 
in. the Thessalian Caeneus, Ov. ; Atracis -Wis, 
f. liippodamia, Ov. 

Atrebates -uni, m. a people in Gallia Bel- 
pica; sing., Atrebas -batis, in., Caes. 

Atreus -Oi, m ('ATpeu;), son of Pelops, king of 
Argos anil Mycenae, father of Agamemnon and 
Menelaus ; lience, Atrides -ac, in. Agamem- 
non or Menelaus; plur., Atridae, Agamemnon 
und Menelaus. 

atriensis -is, m. (atrium), a head slave, 
tteward, Cic. 

atriolum -i, n. (dim. of atrium), a little 
atrium, or fore-court, Cic. 

atritas -fitis, f. (ater), blackness, Plant. 

atrium -ii, n. (ater), the room blackened by 
smoke ; the open court in a Roman house, into 
which opened the janva, or gate; plur., atria 
-oruni, n. = atrium, Verg. ; meton., a house, 
Ov. ; the halls of the gods, Ov. ; the hall of a temple 
or public building ; atrium Libertatis, Cic. ; auc- 
tionarium, an auctioneer's sale-room, Cic. 

atrocitas -atis, f. (atrox). A. fierceness, 
harshness, cruelty; ipsius facti atrocitas aut in- 
dignitas, Cic. ; liabet atrocitatis aliquid legatio, 
has a threatening aspect, Cic. B. Tronsf. severity, 
barbarity; invidlosa atrocitas verborum, Cic. ; 
atrocitas lata quo modo in veterem Academiam 
irruperit, Cic. 

atrociter, adv., with compar. and super!, 
(atrox), severely, harshly, cruelly; Verri nimis 
atrocitor miiiitans, Cic. 

Atropos -i, f. (aTpon-05, not to be averted), one 
of the three Pa rear. 

5,trox -ocis (from ater, as fcrox from ferns). 
I. Lit., terrible, fearful, cruel, horrible]; res 
scelesta, atrox, nefaria, Cic. ; of war, proclaim, 
Liv. ; of the seasons, hora flagrantis Canicular, 
Hor. ; of commands, threatening ; imperium, 
Liv. ; atrocissimae litterae, Cic. ; of speeches, 
violent; veheniens atque atrox orationis genus, 
Cic. II. Transf., of persons and character, 
gloomy, morose, severe; Agrippina semper atrox, 
Tac. ; animus Catonis, unbending, Hor. 

Atta -ae, m. a Roman surname; C. Quintals 
Atta, a comic poet(i\. 102 B.C.). 

attactUS-us, m. (attingo), a touching, touch, 
contact, Verg. 

attagen -enis, m. (aTrayrjv), a woodcock, Hor. 

Attalus -i, m. ("ATTaAo?), the name of several 
kings of Pergamos, the last of whom, Attalus 
III., left his territory to the. Romans; hence, a, 
AttallCUS -a -um, belonging to Pergamos; agri, 
tic; lieuce rich, splendid ; conditiones, Hor.; 
Jieripetasmata, woven with threads of gold, Cic. ; 
b, Attalis -idis, f. ('ArraX^), name of a guild 
at Athens. 

attamen, conj. but yet, Cic. 

attat = atat. 

attegia -ae, f. a hut, Juv. 

attemperate, adv. (atteraperatus), in a fit 

or appropriate manner, Ter. 

attempcro (ad and tempero), 1. to fit to, 
adjust to, sen, 

attendo (ad and tendo) -tendi -tentuan, 3. 
to stretch to; aniinum, or absol., attendere; to 
direct the attention towards, attend to; with ad 
and the ace, attendite animos ad ca quae con- 
sequuntur, Cic. ; with ace, primum versum 
legis, Cic. ; with ace. and infill., non attendere 
superius illiul ea re a se esse eoncessunr Cic. ; 
with rel. sent., si panlo diligentius, quid de his 
rebus dicat attenderis, Cic. ; with de and the 
abl., animus tamen erit sollicitns, ut nihil possit 
de olliciis legationis attendere, Cic. 

attente, adv., with compar. and super!, 
(attentus), attentively, carefully; audire, Cic; 
cog i tare, Cic. , 

attentio -onis, f. (attendo), o.ttentiveness, 
attention; animi, Cic. 

attento (ad-tento), or attempto (ad- 

tempto), 1. to strive after, to attempt ; 1, ut prae- 
teriri omnino fuerit satins quain ntteiitatum 
deseri, Cic; 2, to tamper with, try to corrupt, 
classem, Cic. ; 3, to attack; aliquid lingua, Cic. ; 

aliquem vi, Tac. 

attentus (ad-tentus) -a -um. I. Pnrtic. of 

attendo and attineo. II. Adj. with compar. 
and superb (attendo), 1, attentive; animus, Cic. ; 
cogitatio, Cic. ; auditor, Cic. ; judex, Cic. ; 2, 
careful after one's property ; attentus quaesitis, 
Ilor. ; paterfamilias, Hor. ; attcnta vita et rus- 
ticana, Cic. 

attenuate, adv. (attenuatus), simply, with- 
out ornament ; dieere, Cic. 

attenuatus -a -um, p. adj. with snperl. 

(from attenuo), made weak ; of discourse, abbre- 
viated ; ipsa ilia pro Roscio juvenilis abundantia 
inulta habet attenuata, Cic. ; over-refined; ejus 
oratio nimia religione attenuata, Cic. 

attenuo (ad-tSnuo), 1. to make thin. A. Lit., 

1, corpus, Ov. ; 2, of number, to lessen, legio 
proeliis attenuata, Caes. ; 3, of strength, to 
weaken; vires diutino morbo attenuatae, Liv.; 
4, of tho voice, to make shrill, Cic. B. Transf., 
cuias, Ov. ; inslgnem, degrade, Hor. 

attero (ad and tSro) -trivi (-tertti), -tiitum, 3. 
A. Lit., 1, to rub against; leniter caudain, Hor. 

2, to rub or wear away ; attrita ansa, Verg. B. 
Transf., to weaken, ruin ; opes, Sail.: aliquem, 

attestor (ad and testor), 1. dep. to attest, 
bear witness to, Pliaedr. 

attexo (ad and texo) -texui -textum, 3. (o 
weave or plait on or to. A. Lit., loricas excratibus, 
Caes. B. Transf., to add, vos ad id, quod erit 
immortale, partem attexitote mortalem, Cic. 

Atthis -idis, f. ( At&s), A ttic, Athenian, Mart. 
Subst., f. 1, Attica, Lucr. ; 2, nightingale or 
swallow, Mart. ; 3, name of a friend of Sappho, Ov. 

Attica -ae, f. (Attik>;), Attica, the most cele- 
brated country of Greece,with Athens for its capital. 

Attice, adv. (Atticus), in the Attic or Athenia n 
manner, dieere, Cic. 

atticiSSO,l. (aTTiK^u), to imitate the Athenian 
mode of speaking, Plaut. 

Atticus -a -um ('Attikos), 1, belonging lo 
Atticaor Athens, Attic, Athenian ; Virgo, i.e., Cane- 
plinros, Hor. ; pelex, Philomela, Mart. Plur. 
Attici -oruni, m. the Athenians, Cic. ; 2, Attic, 
Athenian, with reference to style, art, etc., stilus, 
simple, Cic. ; aures, delicate, Cic. ; hence Attici 
= the Athenian orators, Cic. 

AttYcus, T. Pomponius, the intimate friend 
of Cicero, who received his surname of Atticus 
from his long residence ill Athens. 

attineo -tiniii -tentum, 2. (ad and teneo), 
I. Transit., to hold near, keep. A. Lit., aliquem 
castjls, careerc, publics custodia, T^c. J£ T ' 




Traiisf., slmul Romanum et Numidam spe pacis, 
to amuse, Sail. II. Intransit., to pertain to, or 
concern, only in 3rd person ; cetera quae ad 
colendam vHem attinebunt, Gic. ; esp. ill the 
expression, quod attinet ad aliquein or illiquid, 
in respect to; qui onmes, quod ad nie attinet, 
vcllem viverent, «.s- far as J am concerned, Cic ; 
nihil attinet me plura seribere, it is of no vie, 

attingo -tigi -tactum, 3. (ad and tango), to 
touch. A. Lit., 1, digito se caelum attigisse 
putare, Cie. ; 2, to arrive at a place; Italiam, 
Cic. ; arces igneas, Hor. ; 3. of places, to touch 
upon, border upon, Cappadocia regio ea quae 
Ciliciam attingit, Cic. ; 4, to attack; Sulla queni 
primum hostes attigerant, Sail. ; 5, to touch, 
i.e., to ajipropriate to oneself; de praeda mea 
nee teruncium attigit, Cic. ; 6, tostrike, si digito 
quern attigissefc, poenas dedisset, Cic. ; 7, to 
embrace, Ov. B. Transf., 1, to touch; of sen- 
sations, voluptas aut dolor aliquein attingit, 
Cie. ; 2, to have to do with, to touch, to reach to; 
corporis similitudo attingit naturamaniiui, Cic. ; 
attingere aliquein necessitudine, to be closely 
connected v:ith,Cic. ; 3, &,tohandle, manage, devote 
oneself to; rempublicam, Cic. ; Graecas litteras, 
Cic. ; rem militarem, Caes ; b, to glance at cur- 
sorily; libruni strictim, Cic; 4, in writing or 
speech, to mention; illani injuriam non attingere, 

AttiS (AtthiS and Atys) -Mis, in. a Phry- 
gian shepherd, beloved by Cybele. 

Attius -a -urn, name of a Roman gens, the 
most famous member ofwli ich was P. Attius Varus, 
a praetor in Africa at the time of the war between 
Caesar and Ponipeius, a supporter of the latter ; 
hence adj., Attianus -a -um, Attian. 

attollo, no perf. or sup., 3. to raise up, lift up. 
I. Lit. A. vix prae lacrimis oculos, Liv. ; ininas, 
iras (of a snake raising its head in anger), Verg. ; 
se attollere, or middle, attolli, to raise oneself, 
Verg. B. to erect, raise; molem.Verg. ; terra se 
attollere tandem visa, to rise, appear, Verg. II. 
Transf., to raise, elevate; a, vocem, Quint.; b, 
to elevate, excite, distinguish; animos ad spem 
consulatus, Liv. ; rempublicam bello armisque, 

attondeo -tondi -tonsum, 2. I. Lit. to shear, 
shave, cut ; vitem, Verg. II, Transf., to make 
less, diminish, Cic, poet. 

attdnitus -a -um, p. adj. (from attono), stnwk 
by thunder; hence, 1, stunned, terrified, sense-' 
less ; magna pars iutegris corporibus attoniti 
concidunt, Liv. ; 2, inspired; vates, Hor. ; at- 
tonitae Bacelto niatres, Verg. 

attono -tonui-tonitum, 1. to strike with thun- 
der, stun, make soiseless, Ov. 

attorqueo, 2. to whirl, swing upward, Verg. 

attractio -5nis, f. (attraho), a drawing to 
oneself; hence, litteraruin, assimilation, Varr. 

attraho -traxi -tractum, 3. to draw to, attract. 
I. Lit. A. Of things, magnes lapis, qui ferrum ad 
se allieiat. et attrahat, Cic B. Of persons, to 
drag ; tribunos attrahi ad se jussit, Liv. II. 
Transf. , 1, to attract ; nihil esse quod ad se rem 
ullam tain allieiat et tarn attrahat quam adami- 
citiam similitudo, Cic. ; 2, to take with one ; ali- 
quein Romani, Cic. 

attrectatus -u, in. (attrecto), a handling, 
touching, ap. Cic 

attrecto, 1. (ad and tracto), to touch, handle. 
I. Gen., blanditia popularis aspicitnr, non at- 
trectatur, Cic II. A. to touch unlawfully, in 
an improper manner; libros (Sibyllinos) con- 
taminatis inanibus attrcctare, Cic B. to lay 
hands on, to appropriate ; gazas, Liv. 
, Jittrcpido. 1. to stumble along, Plant. 

attribuo -ui -iitum, 3. to allot to, assign to, 
A. Lit. 1, servos, pastorcs armatatque lis equoa 
attribuit, Caes. ; 2, of money, to assign, lend; 
si modo attribuetur, quantum debetnr, Cic. ; so 
of money paid from the public treasury ; pecunia 
attribute, numerata est) Cic ; 3, to assign (to 
someone to keep or do something); attribuit nos 
trucidaudos Cethego, Cic ; esp. of a military 
command, oppklum civibus Romanis, Caes. ; 4, 
ofa country, to annex, subject ; iusulae, quae erant 
a Sulla Rhodiis attributae, Cic. B. Transf., 1, Jo 
add, give, cause; summus timor quern mini 
natura pudorque mens attribuit, Cic ; 2, gramm. 
t. t. re add as an attribute, Cic. ; 3, to ascribe, 
impute; bonos exitus diis iminortalibus, Cic. 

attributio -onis, f. (attribuo), 1, tlie as- 
signment of a debt, Cic; 2, rhefc t.t., an acces- 
sory or attribute, Cic. 

attributum, -i, n. (attribuo), the predicate, 

attritus -a -um, p. adj., withcompar. (from 
attero). A. rubbed away, worn out, Cic. B. 
Transf., frons, shameless, Juv. 

Attus Navius, a celebrated augur of the 
time of Tarquinius Priscus. 

Atys (Attys) -yos, abl. -ye, m. ("Atuj, 
"Attu?). I. a son of Hercules and Omphale, 
father of Tyrrlienus and Lydus, myth, ancestor 
of the Lydian kings. II. the founder of the gens 

au, interj., oh! haJ Plaut. 

auceps -cflpis, m\ (for aviceps, from avis 
andcapio). I. Lit., a fowler, bird-catcher, Plant., 
Hor. II. Transf., peritissimum voluptatum 
aucupem sapientem esse, Cic. ; syllabariini, a 
quibbling critic, caviller, Cic. 

auctarium -i, n. (augeo), an increase. Plaut. 

auctio ^oh is, f. (augeo), 1, an auction; 
anctionem facere, constituere, to appoint an auc- 
tion, Cic; praedicare, proscribere, Cic ; propo- 
nere, to announce publicly, Quint. ; proferre, to 
put off, Cic; 2, that vjhich is sold by auction ; 
anctionem vendere, Cic. 

auctioaarius -a-um (auctio), relating to an 
auction ; atrium, and ion-room, Cic. 

auctionor, 1. (auctio) to hold an auction, Cic. 
auctlto, 1. (freq. of augeo), to increase very 
much, Tac. 
aucto, 1. — auctito, Plaut., Lucr. 

auctor -oris, m. (augeo). A. originator, 
causer, doer ; incendii, Cic. ; vulneris, Verg. ; 
esp., 1, the producer of a work of art, artist; 
templi, architect, Liv. ; 2, the founder of a fuiuil y, 
ancestor ; praeclarus auctor nobilitatistuae, Cic. ; 
3, writer, author; carminis, Hor. B. the 
origiwitor of a proposal or undertaking, leader, 
beginner; nee auctor quamvis audaei facinori 
deerat, Liv. ; me auetore, at my request, Cic. ; 
auctor interficiendi alicuius, Cie. ; with dat, 
illo legibus Caecilii Jletelli contra auspicia fer- 
endis auctor, Cic. ; with ad and the ace, ad 
instituendam (rem), Cic. ; with in and the abl., 
in restituendo auetorem fuisse, Cic. ; alicui auc- 
torem esse, to advise, recommend, semper senatui 
auctor pacis fui, Cic ; foil, by ut or ne with the 
subj., Cic C. the author of apiece of informa- 
tion, warrant for its truth ; a, certis auctoribus 
coinperisae, Cic. ;b, an authority; mains auctor 
Latinitatis, Cic ; Cratippo anctorc, on the au- 
thority ofOraiippua, Cic. ; non sordidus auctor 
naturae verique, investigator, Hor. ; c, an author 
of note; Homerus optiinus auctor, Cic; auctor 
rerum Romanarum, hislorum, Cic. ; hence, auc- 
tonmcasii, toanswer for, slatepositively ; necpauci 
suntauctorcs Cn. Flavium scribam libros protu- 
lissc, Cic. D. Lsp., 1, auctor legis or senatus 




COnstlltl, proposer, Liv. ; 2, supporter of a law, 
niultarum legum ant anctor aut dissnasor, Cic. ; 
3, auctores Bunt patres, the. senators sanction a 
law, Cic. ; 4, defender, protector; praeclarus isle 
auctor suae civitatis, Cic ; 5, the guarantee of a 
right to an estaU ; a malo auctore cmere, Cic. ; 
0, nf a guardian, etc., approver, saivctioner ; 
quod mulier sine tutorc anctoro promiserit, 
without the approval of her guardian, Cic. 

auctoramentum -i, n. (anctoro), thepay or 
hire for the /< rformance of any duty, Cic. 

auctoritas -atis, f. (auctor), contin 
a causing to continue. I. A. validity, 1, in Hie 
case of property, nans et auctoritas, or simply 
auctoritas, valid right to property arising from 
prescription; usus et, auctoritas fundi, Cic. ; 2, 
in case of an assertion, attestation, security, 
authority; publicarum tabularum, Cic; 3, 
example, inajorum, Cic. ; alicuiua auctoritatem 
sequi, Cic B. the origination of a proposal or 
proceeding, support, aid; cuius auctoritas mul- 
tum apud me Valet, Cic. C. the expression of 
approval or assent, resolve ; 1, lioniinum consilia 
et auctoritates, Cic ; 2, of the will of the 
people, populi Romaui, Cic ; 3, of public bodies 
or magistrates, collegii, Liv. ; 4. of the senate, 
a, a. vieasure to which the senate has assented, the 
approval of the senate; auctoritatem senatus, 
jussa populi Romaui venderc, Cic. ; b, a resolu- 
tion of the. senate, prevented from being made 
a decree by the veto of the tribunes, si quia 
huic senatus consulto inUucessisset, auctoritas 
perscribcretur, Cic. D. authorisation, full power, 
legatos cum auctoritate mittere, Cic; hence, 
power, might, command ; manerc in alicuius auc- 
toritate, Liv. II. influence, authority; 1, of a 
person, a, lit., auctoritatem habere apud ali- 
quein, Cic. ; auctoritatem restituere, levare, 
amittore, Cic ; b, meton., a person in authority, 
an influential person, Cic; 2, of things, legem, 
Cic. ; orationis, Cic 

auctoro, 1. (auctor). I. to hire fir money; 
refl. auctorare Be, or pass, to hire, engage oneself, 
Hor. II. Trans!', to bind oneself; eo pignore 
velnt auctoratnm eibi proditorem ratns est, Liv. 

auctumnalis -c (anctumnns), autumnal, 

1. auctumnus -i. in. (augeo), autumn, Cic. ; 
meton., septem auctumni = seven years, Ov. 

2. auctumnus -a -urn (1. auctumnus), au- 
tumnal; frigus, Ov. 

1. auctus -a -urn, p. adj. (from augeo), only 
used in compar., increased, enlarged, enriched ; 
majestas auctior, Liv. ; socii lionore auctiores, 

1. auctus -us, m. (augeo), an increase, en- 
largement, growth; corporis, Lucr. ; iliuninum, 
Tac ; imperii, Tac ; maxiinis auctibus crescere, 

aucupatio -onis, f. (aucupor), fowling, bird- 
catching, Quint. 

aucupatoriUS -a -uin (aucupor), relating to 
fowling, 1'lin. 

aucupium -i, n. (auceps), bird-catching, 
fowling. I. A. Lit., vitain propagate aucupio, 
Cic. B. Meton., the birds caught, Cat. II. 
Transf. hunting after anything; delectation is, 
after pleasure, dr.; ancnpia verborum, caviili j, 
quibbling, Cic. 

aucupor, l. den. (anceps). I. Lit. to 
catch birds, Van*. II. Transf! /•< chase, strive 
for, lie in trait for ; verba, Cio. ; errores hoinin- 
uin, Cic ; inaiiein rumorem, Cic. ; tempeatates, 
to wait for finer weather, Cic. 

audacia -ae, f. (audax), 1, courage, boldness, 
daring ; audacia in bello, Sail. ; 2, audacity, 
impudence, temerity; audacia et impudentia 

fretus, Cic ; alicuius audaciam debilitare, Cic ; 
frangere, Liv. ; contnndere et frangere, Cic ; 
plur, audaciae, audacious deals, Cic 

audaciter, and audacter, adv., with 
compar. and superl. (audax), boldly (in a good or 
bad sense), audaciously, rashly, impudently, Cic. 

audax -iicis, adj., with compar. and superl. 

(audeo), daring (in a good or bad sense), bold, 

courageous, audacious, roth, foolhardy; n, of 
persons, Verres homo audacissimus atque ainen- 
tissinms, Cic-. ; panlo ad facinus audacior, Cic. ; 
audax in convocandis hominilms et ariaandis, 
Cic ; b, of tilings, consilium prima specie teme- 
rarium magis quam audax, Liv. 

audons -entis, p. adj., with compar. and 
superl. (from audeo), daring, bold, Yerg. 

audenter, adv. (audens), boldly, Tac. 
audentia -ae, f. (audens), boldness, courage, 


audeo, ausus sum, 2. (connected with avi- 
dns), to dare, venture; audeo dicere, I venture 
to assert, Cic ; with aec, tantum facinus, Liv. ; 
proelium, aeiem, Tac. ; with in and the abl., 
ausurum se in tribunis, quod princeps familiae 
suae ausus in regibus csset, Liv.; with pro and the 
abl., pro vita majoraaudereprobavi, Yerg. ; absol., 
quod sperant, quod audent, omne Caesari acccp- 
tum referre possunt, Cic. ; adversus Neronein 
ausus, Tac. ; audcre in proclia, Yerg. 

audiens -entis. I. Partic of audio (q.v.). 
II. Subst. a hearer, Cie. 

audientia -ae, f. (audio), hearing, listening, 
attention ; alicui audientiam facere, to get a hear- 
ing for any one by commanding silence, Cic, Liv. 

audio, 4. (connected with amis), to hear. I, 
to hare the power of hearing ; audiclidi 
carere, Cic TLtohcar something. A. claniorcm, 
Cacs. ; galli cantuin, Cic; with double aec., 
te, ut spero, propediem censorem audiemus, 
Cie. ; with aec and intin., saepc hoe majores 
natu dicere audivi, Cic; with ace and partic, 
Sdque Socratem audio dicentem, Cic ; with rela- 
tive clause, audire enim cupio quid lion probes, 
Cic ; with de and the abl, multa falsa dc me 
audierunt, Cic; the person from whom a tiling is 
heard is put in the abl. with ab or de, Cic Perf. 
part., as subst., auditum -i, n. hearsay; nihil 
habeo praeter auditum, Cic B. to listen to; 
a, aliquem lubenter studioseque, Cic ; of judges, 
to lone a. case ; audire de ainbitu, Cic; of pupils, 
"to listen to a master, to attend the classes or lec- 
tures of a professor; annum jam audire Cra- 
tippnm, Cic; b, to listen to requests; preces, 
Cic. ; c, of stories or persons, to listen to, i.e., 
to give credence to; si fahulas audire volumus, 
Cic. ; audio, / believe it, Cic. ; d, to obey, to fol- 
low ; aliquem amicissime monenteiu, Cic. ; dicto 
audicntem esse; with dat, to obey ; 11011 fore 
dicto audienles milites, Caes. C. to be called 
(like Qr. clkovio), Matutine pater, sen Jane liben- 
tius audis, Ilor. ; bene audire, to be well spoken 
of; a propinquis, Cic. 

auditio -onis, f. 1, (audio), hearing, listen- 
ing; aliquid multa lectione atque auditione aase- 
qui, Cic. ; 2, hearsay report; levem auditionem 
habere pro re comperta, Cic. ; plur., lictae audi- 
tiones, Cic 

auditor -oris, in. (audio), a hearer, auditor, 
scholar; alicui auditorem venire, Cic. 

auditorium -i, n. (audio), a place of audience, 
', court of jv lice, etc, Tac ; a school, 
Quint. ; circle of listeners, Plin. 

auditus -us, m. (audio). I. Gen., hearing ; 
tlie sense, of hearing, Cic II. Esp., listening, Tac 

aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatum, 3. (ab and 
fero). I. to carry away, tarry off remove. At 




Lit., inter manus e convicio tamquam e proelio 
auferri, Cic. ; se e conspcctu alicuius, Cic. ; 
auforov in scopulos, Ov. B. Transf., to draw 
away from one's aim, seduce; ne te auferant 
aliorum consilia, Cic. II. to take away with, 
hear of; sometimes in good, but oftaier in bad 
sense, to rob, steal. A. Lit., a, of persons ; 
multa palam domain, Cic. ; aurieulam mordicus, 
to bite, off, Cic. ; b, of things; hi ludi XV. dies 
auferent, Cic. ; mora Achillem abstulit, Hor. 
B. Transf., 1, ilia autem, quae contrariis com- 
motionibus auferenda sunt, Cic. ; 2. to cairy off, 
i.e. to gain, obtain; tantum abstulit quantum 
petiit, Cic. ; responsumab aliquo, Cic. ; 3, to lay 
aside, cease from; aufer abhinc lacrimas, Lucr. 

Auf idena -ae, f. a town in Samnium, now 

AufldlUS -a -urn, name of a Roman gens. 

Auf Idus -i, m. a river in Apulia, now Ofanto. 

aufugto -fugi, 3. (aband fugio), to flee away, 

Auge -es, f. (Auyrj), daughter of Aleus and 
Neaera, mother of Telephus by Hercules. 

Augeasand Augias-ae, m. (Avyeias), king 
of the Epeans in Elis, the cleansing of whose 
stable, which had not been cleansed for thirty 
years, was one of the labours of Hercules. 

augeo, auxi, auctum, 2. (connected with 
avfoino), to make to increase. I. to cause to grow, 
to fertilise; aer humorein colligens terram auget 
imbribus, makes fertile, Cic. II. In a wide 
sense, to make larger; a, to strengthen, lias 
munitiones, Caes. ; b, of rivers, to cause to rise, 
geu. in pass., augeri = to be swollen; aninis 
ninibis hiemalibus auctus, Ov. ; c, of number 
or quantity, to increase; numerum legatorum, 
Cic. ; d, of degree, vitiuin ventris et gutturis, 
Cic. ; populi Romani imperium, Cic. ; e, of moral 
or intellectual qualities or feelings, benevolen- 
tiain, Cic. ; luctuni, Cic. ; f, in speech, to extol, 
set forth ; hostium vim et copias et felicitatem, 
Cic. ; g, to, enrich, to honour; cives suos copia 
rerum, Cic. ; augeri cognomento Augustae, Tac. 

augesco, auxi, 3. (inch, of augeo), to begin 
to grow, to increase ; a, quae (uva) et suco terrae 
et calore solis augescens primo est peracerba 
gustu, Cic. ; b, politically, to increase in strength; 
quum hostium res tantis augescere rebus cer- 
neret, Liv. 

augmen -Inis, n. (augeo), an increase, growth, 

augur -uris, c. are augur, soothsayer, seer, Cic. ; 
aquae augur aunosa cornix, prophetess of rain, 

auguralis -e (augur), relating to an augur 
or augury; coena, Cic. Subst., augurale -is, 
n. the part of the Roman camp where the auguries 
were taken, Tac. 

auguratio -onis, f. (auguro), divining, sooth- 
saying, Cic. 

auguratus -us, m. (auguro), the office of an 
augur, Cic. 

augurium -i, n. (augur), tlie observation and 
interpretation of omens, augury. I. A. Lit., 
augurium capere, Liv. ; salutis, are augury in 
time of peace (to inquire if it were permitted to 
pray to the gods de salute reipublicae), Cic. B. 
Transf., a, any kind of prophecy ; o mea frustra 
semper verissima auguria rerum futurarnm, Cic. ; 
b, presentiment ; inlmeret in mentibus quasi 
saeculorum quoddam augurium futurorum, Cic. 
II. Meton., A. Subject., the science of augury ; 
Apollo augurium citharamque dabat, Verg. B. 
Object., 1, an omen; augurium accipere, Liv. ; 
2, a sign, token, Ov. 

augiirius -a -urn (augur), relating to an 
auqw f JUSj Cic. 

auguro, 1. (augur). I. to act as an augur; 
sacerdotcs salutem popult auguranto, take the 
auguries for, etc., Cic; pass., locus auguratur, 
the place is consecrated by auguries, Cic. ; augurato 
(abl. absol.), after taking tlie auguries, Liv. II. 
Transf. A. to prophesy, Cic. B. to liave a fore- 
boding or presentiment; praesentit animus et 
augurat quodainmodo, quae futura sit suavitas 

auguror, 1 . dep. (augur). I. to perform the 
functions of an augur, to foretell by auguries; ex 
passerum numero belli Trojani annos, Cic. II. 
Transf., 1, to foretell; alicui mortem, Cic; 2, to 
guess; quantum auguror con jectura aut opinione, 
Cic. ; quum ex nomine istius, quid in provincia 
facturus esset, perritfxule homines auguraren- 
tur, Cic. 

Augusta -ae, f. I. name of the wife, daughter, 
mother, or sister of the Roman Emperor. II. name 
of several towns named after the emperor, Augusta 
Taurinorum (Turin), Augusta Praetoria Masto), 
Augusta Treverorum (Treves), Augusta Emerita 
(Merida), Augusta Vindelicum (Augsburg). 

Augustalis -e (Augustus), belonging to or 
in honour of tlie Emperor Augustus. - 

auguste, adv. with compar. (augustus), 
reverentkdly ; auguste et sancto venerari dcos, 

Augustodunum -i, town of the Aedui in 
Gaul, now Autun. 

1. augustus -a -um, adj. with compar. and 
superl. (augeo), 1, consecrated, holy ; Eleusis ■ 
sancta ilia et augusta, Cic. ; 2, majestic, digni- 
fied; vestis augustissima, Liv. 

2. Augustus -i, m. surname of Octavianus 
after his elevation to the imperial power, and of 
all subseqiient Roman emperors. 

3. Augustus -a -urn, relating to Augustus; 
pax, Ov. ; mensis, August, formerly called Sex- 
tilis, changed to Augustus in honour of the 

aula -ae, f. (av\rj). I. the fore-court in a build- 
ing, Hor. ; yard for cattle, Prop. II. = atrium, 
an inner court, Verg. III. a palace. A. Lit., 
aula Priami, Hor. ; so of the dwellings of the 
gods, ilia se jactet in aula Aeolus, Verg. ; of the 
lower world, immanis janitor aulae (of Cer- 
berus), Verg. ; of a bee-hive, Verg. B. Meton., 
a, the court, courtiers; puer ex aula, Hor. ; divisa 
et discors aula erat, Tac. ; b, princely power ; 
auctoritate aulae constitute, Cic 

aulaeum -i, n. (avXaia), usually plur., 1, 
curtain, tapestry; aulaea superba, Verg. ; 2, a 
canopy, Hor. ; 3, curtain of a tluatre, fastened 
below and let down at the beginning of a piece, 
and drawn up at the end ; aulaeum tollitur, 
Cic. ; 4, an embroidered upper garment, Juv. 

Aulerci -oruni, m. a people of Gallia Celtica, 
divided into four branches ; a, Aulerci Eburovi- 
ces, in modern Normandy ; b, Aulerci Cenomani, 
in modern Dep. do la Sarthe ; c, Aulerci Bran- 
novices, on the Loire ; d, Aulerci Diablintes or 
Diablinti, in Modern Dep. de la Maine. - 

aulicus -a -um, (ai/\rj), belonginq 'to the 
court, princely, Suet. Subst., aulicl -oruni, 

m. courtiers, Nep. 

Aulis -Idis, f. (AuAt's), a port in Boeotia, 
where the Greek fleet collected before sailing to 

auloedus -i, m. (aiiAuSfc), one who sings to 
the flute, Cic. 

Aulon -onis, m. a celebrated wine-district 
near Tarenium. 

Aulularia -ae, f. the title of « comedy of 




aura^-ae, old genit. aura? (avpa), atr. A. 1, 
ttte motion of the air, wind ; nocturna aura uti 
(of ships), Caes. ; venti et aurae cient mare, 
Liv.; 2, maton., plur. aurae, a, the heavens; 
cuvsum per auras dlrigere, Verg. ; stat fervea 
turris adaura8, Verg.; b, the world above; venire 
superas ad auras, the light of day, Verg. ; ferre 
sub auras, to make known, Verg. ; 3, transf., 
breath, sign; rumoris, Cic. ; aura popularis, the 
breath of popular favour, Cic. ; 4, the air that vat 
breathe; auris vitalibus vesci, Verg. B. 1, smell, 
Verg. ; 2, glitter ; auri, Verg. ; 3, echo, Prop. 

aurarlus -a -um (aurum), golden, relating to 
gold, Plin. Subst., auraria -ae, f. (sc. fodina), 
a gold mine, Tac. 

auratus -a -urn (aurum), golden, gilt; tecta, 
Cic. ; vestis, Ov. 

A ur ell us -a -um, name of a Roman plebeian 
Sens (with the surnames Cotta, Orestes, Scaurus). 

Aurelius, M., v. Antoninus. 

aureolas -a -urn (dim. of aureus). A. Lit., 
golden, . Plaut. B. Transf., glittering, splendid, 
beautiful; libellus, Cic. 

aureus -a -um (aurum), golden. I. 1, made 
of gold; a. lit., anulus, Cic. ; numinus, and 
absol., a golden coin, Cic; b, transf., excellent, 
beautiful ; Venus, Verg. ; mores, Hor. ; 2, gilt, 
ornamented with gold ; amiculura, Cic. ; sella, 
Cic. ; currus, the triumphal car, Cic. ; Pactolus, 
with golden sands, v. II. of the colour of gold ; 
color, Ov. ; caesaries, Verg. 

aurichalchum = orichalchum (q.v.). 

auricomus -a -um (aurum and coma). I. 
golden -Mired, P. Aug. II. Transf., golden- 
leaved ; fetus arboris, Verg. 

auricula -ae, f. (dim. of auris), the lobe of the 
ear, the ear. I. Lit., auricula infima- Cic; auricu- 
lam mordicus auferre, Cic; praecepitum auriculis 
instillare, Hor. II. Meton., plur. = favourable 
hearing, Pers. 

aurifer -fera -fgrum (aurum and fero). I. 
gold-bearing, gold-producing, arbor (of a tree in 
the garden of the Hesperides), Cic. poet. II. 
bringing gold; Tagus, Ov. ; amnis, Cat. 

aurifex -ficis, m. (aurum and fucio), a gold- 
smith, Cic. 

aurifodina -ae, f. a gold mine, Plin. 

• auriga -ae, c (from old aurea = reins and 

ago), charioteer, driver. I. Lit., Verg., Caes. ; 

esp. one who contends in tlie chariot race in the 

circus, Cic II. Transf., poet., a helmsman, Ov. 

Aurigena -ae, c (aurum and gigno), begotten 
of gold; epithet of Perseus, son of DanaS, Ov. 

auriger -gSra -gerum (aurum and gero), gold- 
bearing ; taurus, with gilt horns, Cic poet. 

aurigo. 1. (auriga), to be a charioteer, contend 
in the clutriot race, Suet. 

auriplgmentum -i, n. orpiment, Plin. 

auris -is, f. (connected with aiulio), the ear. 
L A. Lit., aures; erigere, Cic, arrigere, Ter., 
to prick up the ears; adhibere, admovere, Cic, 
applicare, Hor., to listen; praebere aures con- 
viciis adolescentlum, Liv. ; dare, Cic, to give a 
hearing to; accipere auribus, Cic. ; aliquem ad- 
monere ad aurem, to whisper advice in the ear, 
Cic; claudere aures alicui, Cic; demittere aures 
'as a sign of submission), Hor. ; dicere in aurem 
dicui aliquid, Cic ; insusurrare ad aurem or in 
aures, Cic\ ; oifendere aures, Cic ; aures refereire 
aliqua re, Cic ; aures respuunt aliquid, Cic ; 
aervire aiicuius auribus, to syieak according to the 
wish of, Caes. ; dormire in utramvis aurem, to 
sleep soundly, be without anxiety, Ter. B. Meton., 
a, the hearing, as Judging of the nip.riri of a 

Cic II. Transf., aures; the earth or mould' 
boards of a plough, Verg. 

auriscalpium -i, n. an ear-pick, Mart. 

auritulus -i, m. (dim. of auritus), the long- 
eared one, i.e., the ass, Phaedr. 

auritus -a -um (auris). A. Lit., long-eared; 
lepus, Verg. B. Transf., attentive, Hor. ; testis 
auritus, a hearsay witness, Plaut. 

aurora -ae, f. (avus, aa>'?, 1710'?}, the break of 
day, redness of morning. I. Lit., A. Gen., Verg., 
Liv. B. Personified, Aurora, goddess of morn- 
ing, Ov. II. Meton., the east, Ov. 

aurum -i, n. gold. I. A. Lit., Cic B. 
Meton., something made of gold, gold plate, Lucr.; 
a golden goblet, Verg. ; chain, necklace, Verg. ; 
ring, Juv. ; bit, Verg. ; the golden fleece, Ov. ; gold 
coin, money, Cic II. Transf., A. the colour or 
glittering of gold, Ov. B. the golden age, Hor. 

Aurunci -orum, m. the people of Aurunca ; 
Aurunoa -ae, f. a town in Campania. Adj., 
Auruncus -a -um, Auruncian. 

Ausci -orum, m. a people in Aquitania. 

auscultatio -onis, f. (ausculto) ; 1, a listen 
ing, Sen. ; 2, obedience, Plaut. 

auscultator -oris, m. (ausculto), a listener, 

ausculto, 1. (for ausiculito, from ausicula 
= auricula). I. to hear attentively; populum, 
Cat. II. Esp., A. to listen in secret, to overliear, 
Plaut. ; in a good sense, to attend, wait at the 
door, Hor. B. to obey ; mihi ausculta ; vide-ne 
tibi desis, Cic. 

Ausetanl -orum, m. a Spanish people in 
modem Catalonia; hence adj., Ausetanus 
-a -um, Ausetanian. 

Ausones -um, m. (Auo-oi/es), aboi-igines of 
Centred and Southern Italy; hence, A. Ausonia 
-ae, f. Ausonia, Lower Italy, Ov. ; Italy, Verg. 
B. Adj., Ausdnius -a -um ; poet., Italian, 
Verg.^ Subst., Ausonil = Ausones, Verg. C. 
Ausdnidae -arum, m. the inhabitants of Auso- 
nia, or generally of Italy, Verg. D. Ausonis 
-idis, Awsonian, Italian, Verg. 

auspcx -Icis, c (for avispex, from avis and 
specio). I. one who observes the habits of birds 
for purposes of divination ; latores et auspices 
legis curiatae (Caesar and Pompeius), Cic. II. 
Transf., A. favourer, protector, leader; Teucro 
dnce et auspice Teucro, Hor. B. a person who 
witnessed the marriage contract, best, man, bride- 
groom' s friend, etc (jrapoi<u/u<£os), Cic. 

auspicato, adv. (lit. abl. absol. of auspico), 
in a fortunate hour ; urbem condere, Cic. 

auspicatus -a -um (auspico), 1, consecrated 
by auguries, Cic; 2, favourable, auspicious; 
initium, Tac. 

auspicmm -li, n. (for avispicium), dhnna- 
tion by means of birds. I. A. Lit., in auspicio 
esse, to act as augur, Cic ; praeesse auspiciis, 
Cic ; adhibere aliquem in auspicium, Cic. ; ausr 
picio uti, Cic ; auspicia dissolvere, Cic ; esp., 
tine right to take auspices, propraetores auspicia 
non habent, Cic. ; auspicia ponere, to lay down a 
magistracy, Cic; imperio atque auspicio aiicuius, 
under the command of (in war the commander-in- 
chief alone had the right of taking the auspices), 
Liv. B. Transf., control, protection, guidance; 
suis auspiciis ducere vitam, Verg. II. Meton., 
an omen, sign ; optimum, Cic. ; aves auspicium 
ratum fecere, Cic. 

auspico, 1. (auspex), to take the auspices; 
aliquid, to accept as an omen, Plant. 

auspicor, 1. dep. (auspex), 1, to take the 
auspices ; nuspicari oblitus est, Cic ; 2, to begin 
vr nr.mi tntivices, Tac ; to begin, Suet. 


aUSter -stri, m. I. tlte south wind, Cic. II. 
Meton., the south, Verg. 

austere adv. (austerus), severely, gravely, 
austerely, Cic. 

austeritas -atis, f. (austerus). I. Lit., a, 
harshness, sourness of taste, Plin. ; b, darkness of 
colour, Pliu. II. Transf., strictness, austerity, 

austerus -a -am (avanjpos). I. sour, harsh 
in taste, Plin. II. Transf... 1, strict, severe, 
austere; ilio austero more ac inodo, Cic; 2, 
sad, ijloomy, melancholy, burdensome ; labor, Hor. 
australis -e (auster), southern, Cic. 
austrinus -a -um (auster), southern, Verg. 
ausum -i, n. (ausus, from audeo), a daring 
deed, undertaking, Verg. 

aut, conj. disjunct., or, or else, or rather, Cic; 
aut . . . aut, either . . . or, Cic; neque . . . aut, 
= neque . . . neque, poet. ; aut vero, or indeed 
(used ironically), Cic; aut certe, or at least, 
Cic. ; aut saltern, aut potius, aut etiam, Cic. 

autem, conj. adversat. (avre), but, on the 
contrary, however, moreover; never used at the 
beginning of a clause ; joined with adeo, porro, 
tuni, ast, even with sed ; when used to correct a 
word before used = did I say ? nuifl quia testis 
Postumum appellavit? Testis autem? Nuin 
accusator? Cic. 

authepsa -ae, f. (auT<k and t'^w), a cooking- 
store, Cic. 

aUtSgraphUS -a -um (aiiTdypa<#>os), written 
with ones own hand, Suet. 

Autdlycus -i, m. (Ai/ToAuKot), son of Mer- 
cury, famous for his thefts. 

autfimatus (3s) -a -um (-6n), adj. (auTo/ia-ros), 
self-acting, Petr. Subst., automaton -i, n. an 
automaton, Suet. 

Automedon -ontis, m. (A.!nop.i8uiv), the 
charioteer of Achilles ; appelh, a charioteer, Cic 
Autonoe -es, f. (\vtov6ti), mother of Actaeon. 
Adj., Autoneius -a -um, heros, Actaeon, Ov. 
autumnus, etc., v. auctumnus. 
autumo, 1. (orig. aituino, from aio), to say, 
assert, Plant., Ter. 

auxiliaris -e (auxilium), giving help, assist- 
ing, auxiliary. I. Gen., Ov. II. Esp., auxili- 
ares, (sc. miiites, cohortes), auxiliary or allied 
troops, Caes., Tac. ; hence, belonging to the allied 
troops; auxiliaria stipendia, Tac 

auxiliarius -a -um (auxilium), 1, helping, 
auxiliary, Plant. ; 2, milit. 1. 1., miiites, auxi- 
liary troops, Cic. 

auxiliator -oris, m. (auxilior), a helper, 
assister, Tac. 

auxiliatus -us, m. (auxilior), help, assist- 
ance, Lucr. 

auxilior, 1. dep. (auxilium), to help, assist, 
support; alicui, Cic. ; especially used of medical 
aid, Ov. 

auxilium -i, n. (augeo), help, aid, assistance. 
I. Gen., adjnngere sibi auxilium, Cic ; arcessere 
aliquem auxilio, to help, Caes. ; ad auxilium con- 
venire, Caes. ; dare adversus aliquem auxilium, 
Liv. ; esse auxilio alicui, Caes. ; consuli ad- 
versus intercessionem collegae auxilio esse, Liv.; 
alicui nemo auxilio est, quin, etc., Liv. ; auxilio 
ei futuruni ne causam dicat, Liv. ; expetere 
auxilium ab aliquo, Cic. ; exspectare vestrum 
auxilium, Cic. ; alicui ferre auxilium, Cic. ; ferre 
alicui auxilium contra tantam vim, Cic ; im- 
plorare auxilium alicuius, Cic. ; aliquem auxilio 
mittere, Cic. ; petere auxilium ab aliquo, Cic. ; 
polliceri auxilium alicui rei, Cic. ; venire auxilio 
alicui, Caes. ; plur., illorum auxiliis uti, Cic. 

65 ave 

II. Esp., plur., a, military power I eqtlitum 
peditumque, Caes. ; b, auxilia, auxiliary troops, 
Cic, Caes. 

avare, adv. with com par. and sliperl. (ava- 
rus), avariciously, covetously, Cic. 

Avaricum -i, n. capital of the liituriges Cubi 
in Aquitauia, now Bourges. 

avariter, adv. (avarus), greedily, Plant. 

avaritia -ae (avarities -ei, Lucr.), f. amr- 
ice, cupidity, covetousness ; ardere avaritia, Cic; 
avaritia perire, Cic. ; plur., omnes avaritiae, all 
kinds of avarice, Cic. 

avarus -a -um (connected with aveo and 
avidus). I. Gen., covetous, greedy; mare, Hor. ; 
with genit., publicae pecuniae avarus, Tac. II. 
Esp., greedy after money, avaricious; homo 
avarus et furax, Cic. Subst, avarus -i, m. 
the avaricious man, Hor. 

aveho -vexi -vectum, 3. to carry off, bear 
away, Verg., Liv. ; pass, to ride off, Liv. 

avello -velli and -vulsi (-volsi) -vulsura (-vol- 
sum), 3. to tear away, pluck away. I. Lit., poma 
ex arboribus, cruda si sint, vi avelluntur, Cic. ; 
sive seoetur aliquid sive avellatur a corpore, 
Cic. II. to take away with violence, separate. 
A. Lit., de matris complexu avellere atque ab- 
strahere, Cic. ; ex complexu avelli, Cic. ; avulsiia 
a meis, Cic B. Transf., aliquem convicio ab 
errore, Cic. 

avena -ae, f. I. a, oats, Verg. ; b, wild oats, 
Cic. ; steriles, Verg. II. Transf., the shepherd's 
pipe, Ov. ; plur., junctae avenae or strnctae 
avenae, the Pan-pipes, Ov. 

avenaccus -a -um (avena), oaten; farina, 

avenarius -a -um, relating or belonging to 
oats, Plin." 

Aventinum -1, n. and Aventinus -i, m. 
the Aventine, one of the hills of Rome, Cic. Adj., 
Aventinus -a -um, of or belonging to the Aven- 

1. aveo, 2. (cf. Sanskr. av, to wish), lit., to print 
after; hence, to desire; aveo genus legationi.". 
Cic. ; gen. with infin., valde aveo scire quid 
agas, Cic. 

2. aveo (haveo), 2. to be well ; found only 
in the imp. ave, aveto, avete, hail I farewell! a 
formula of greeting and farewell used by the 
Romans, Cic. 

Avernus -a -um (aop^o?), without Hrds; loca, 
places where birds cannot live on account of the 
pestilential exhalation, Lucr. Subst., Avernus 
-i, the lake Avernus, near Cumae, said to be the 
entrance to the infernal regions ; the infernal 
regions themselves, Ov. ; hence, adj., Avernus 
-a -um, Avernalis -e, relating to Avernus, or 
the lower world. 

averrunco, 1. to turn, away, avert; iram 
deorum, Liv. 

aversabilis (aversor), that from, which one 
must turn away, horrible, Lucr. 

1. aversor, dep. (averto). A. to turn aivay 
(on account of shame, disgust, etc.) ; aversari 
advocati, vix etiam ferre posse, Cic. ; with ace, 
(ilium, Liv. B. Transf., to repel, turn away, 
avoid, shun; principes Syracusanorum, Liv.; 
preces, Liv. ; aliquem ut parricidam liberum, 

2. aversor -6r», m. (averto), an embezzler; 
pecuniae publicae, Cic. 

aversus -a -um, p. ndj. (from averto). A. 
turned away, backward, behind (opp. adversus) ; 
adversus et aversus impudicus es, before and 
behind, Cic ; quendam actorem aversum (turn' 
ing his back on the people) solitum esse dicers, 




C'ic. ; avcrsos boves in spelUncaiii traxit, Liv. 
1'lur. subst., aversa -oruin, u. the back parts; 
urbis, Liv. B. disinclined, unfavourable to, 
averse from; a versus a vera, Die. ; with dat., 
aversua raercaturis, Hor. 

sum), :!. to turn away, turn off, remove. I. Lil 
A. Gen. Lepidus se avertit, Cla ; nliqukl uij 
oculis, Cic. ; flumina, divert, Cic. ; iter, Caen., 
Liv. ; lience, 1, pass., averti (as middle), averaus 
ab suo [tinere, turning away, Liv. ; 2, active, 
as reflexive, prora avertit, Verg. B. Esp. 1, to 
drive away by violence; barbaros a port is cas- 
trorum, Caes. ; 2, to carry off, appropriate to 
oneself, embezzle ; pecuniain publican). Cic. ; 
hereditatein, Cic. ; quatuor tamos a stabulis, 
Verg. II. Transf., A. Gen., 1, to keep off some- 
thing dangerous; pestem ab Aegyptiis, Cic; 
quod omen dli avertant, Cic. ; 2, to keep some- 
thing dangerous or disgraceful off some one; qui 
me a tanta infamia averterit, Cic. B. Esp., 1, 
to turn, away, divert (thoughts or wishes, etc.), 
Antonii furorem a pemicie reipublicae, Cic. ; cogi- 
lationem a miseriis, Cic. ; aliquem a consihis 
pacis ; 2, to estrange; alicuius animuin a se, 

&VKI -ae, f. (avus), a grandmother, Cic. 

aviarius -a -um (avis), relating to birds; 
rete, Varr. Subst., aviarlum -ii, n., a, a 
place where birds are kept, an aviary, Cic. ; b, the 
haunts of wild birds in the woods, Verg. 

avide, adv. (avidus), greedily; exspeetare, 
appetere, arripere, Cic. 

aviditas -atis (avidus), f. A. Gen., vehe- 
ment desire, avidity; eibi, pecuniae, for food, 
money, Cic. ; legendi, Cic. B. Esp., desire of 
money, avarice, Cic. 

avidus -a -um (1. aveo), vehemently desiring, 
greedy. I. a, with genit., cibi, Ter. ; laudia, 
Cic. ; novaruiu return, Liv. ; belli gerendi, Sail. ; 
b, with intln., Verg. ; c, with in and the ace, 
Liv. ; d. witli ad and the ace, Liv. ; e, with 
n and the abl., in pecuniis loeupletium, Cic. 
II. Absol. A. Lit., a, covetous, greedy of money ; 
Jicres, Hor. ; subst., a miser, Cic. ; b, greedy 
in respect of food, gluttonous ; convivae, Hor. ; 
leones, bloodthirsty, Ov.; c, transf., auresavidae, 
eager to hear, Cic. ; libido, Insatiable, Cie. ; mare, 
Hor.; d, hot, ardent, eager to fight; legiones, 
Tac. B. Fig., wide, large, vast, Lucr. 

avis -is, f. (connected with aryxt). I. Gen., 
a bird, and coll. the whole race of birds, Cic. II. 
Esp., omen, as the chief method of divination 
among the Romans was by birds; avibua bonis 
Ov. ; seeundis, Liv., with good omens; avi mala, 
Hor. ; sinistra, riant. ; adversa, witli bad omen. 

avitUS -a -um (avus), relating to a grand- 
father, ancestral ; bona paterna et avita, Cic. ; 
nierum, very old, Ov. 

avius -a -um (a and via). I. out of the right 
way, untrodden; avii saltus inontesque, Liv. 
Subst., avium -i, n. a by-v.<ay, a solitary place. ; 
avia dum sequor, Verg. II. Poet., A. out of the 
left)/, wandering, remote; in mnntea se avius 
abdidit altos, Verg. B. Transf., straying, wander- 
ing ; a vera ratione, Lucr. 

avooatio -onis, f. (avoeo), a calling away 
from; a cogitanda molestia, Cic. 

avdeo, \. to call away, or off. A. Lit., popu- 
lum abarmis, Liv. B. Transf., 1, to withdraw, 
remove, divert ; Socrates videtur primus a rebus 
occultis avocasse philosophfam, Cie. ; seneetus 
avoeat a rebus gerendis, Cic; 2, to relieve; 
luctum lusibus, Sen. 

avolo, 1. to fly away. . A. Lit., Cat. B. 

Transf., to hasten away; experiar ceite ut liihfl 
avolem ; so of the dying, liinc avolurc, Cic 

avunculus -i, m. (dim. of avus), a mother's 
brother, uncle (patruus, <( father's brother); mag- 
nus, a grandmother's brother, a great-uncle, Cie. 

avus -i, m. a grandfather, Cic. ; generally on 

ncestor, Hor. 

Axciius (dfevos, inhospitable), earlier name 
of the Pontits Euxinus, Ov. 

1. axis -is, m. (root AC, AC, whence ago, 
Gr. dfwe), an axle-tree. I. A. Lit., Verg. B. 
Meton., a chariot, waggon, Ov. II. Transf., A. 
the axis of the earth ; terra cireum axem se con- 
verts, Cie. B. Jleton., a, the north pole, Verg. ; 
b, the heavens; sub axe, in the open air, Verg, ; 
C, a part of the heavens ; boreus, the north, Ov. 
_ 2. axis (assis) -is, m. (root AC, whence 
aywp.1, dy/Aa), a board, jilank, Caes. 

Axona -ae, in. a river in Gallia Belgica, 
now the Aisne. 

Bb, the second letter of the Latin Alphabet, 
y corresponding with the Greek beta (/3). 

babae Q3afia.C, or nanai), an exclamation of 
astonishment or joy, wonderful! Plaut. 

Babylo -onis, in. a Babylonian; appell. = a 
nabob, Ter. 

Babylon -onis, f. (BaPuAior), a city of Asia on 
she Euphrates. Hence, A. Babylonia -ae, f. 
a tract of country extending between the Euphrates 
and the Tigris, of which the aforenamed city was 
the capital. B. Babylonicus -a -um, Baby- 
lonian ; Babylouicn peristromatn, embroidered 
tapestry, I'laut. C. Babylonius -a -um ; 
numeri, astrological calculations, for which the 
Babylonians (or more properly the Chaldeans) 
were noted, Hor. ; Babylonii, inhabitants of Baby- 
lon. D, Babylonicnsis -e, Babylonian 

bacca (baca) -ae, f. a berry. I. Lit., A. Gen., 
lauri baecae, Verg. B. Esp., the fruit of the olive ; 
bicolor bacca Minervae, Ov. II. Transf, A. 

any fruit of a round shape ; arborum baecae, Cic. 
B. anything of the shape of a berry, a pearl, Hor. 

baccar (bacchar) -m is, n. and baccaris 
-is, f. (fi&KKapts), the Valeriana Celtica of Lin- 
naeus ; also called nardum rusticuni, a plant 
which yielded akind of oil ; Celtic Valerian, Verg. 

baccatus -a -um, set with pearls, Verg. 

Baccha -ae, f. a Bacchante, Ov. ; Bacchis 
aliquem initiare, to initiate any one into the festi- 
val of Bacchus, Liv. 

Bacchanal -is, n. the place where the festival 
of Bacchus was held, Plant. ; plur. Bacchanalia, 
the (Greek) festival of Bacchus (not to be con- 
founded with the Roman feast of Liber), cele- 
brated at Rome every three years, and suppressed 
by a decree of the senate, B.C. 186 ; Bacchanalia 
vivere, poet., to live riotously or wantonly, Juv. 

bacchatio -onis, f. 1, the. celebration, of the 
Bacchanalia., P.Ang. ; 2, Bacchanxdian revelling, 

Bacclieius -a -um, belonging to Bacchus; 
dona, Verg. 

BaccheUS -a -um (BaKxeios), belonging to 
Bacchus; sacra, Ov. ; ululatus, of the Bacchan- 
tes, Ov. 

Bacchiadae -arum, m. (Bai<xitx&ai), the 
Bacchiadae, an ancient noble family of Corinth. 


67 bar 

Bacchls -Idis, f. = Baccha. 
Bacchius -a -urn, belonging to Bacchus, 
nacia, Ov. 
bacchor, 1. dep. (Bacchus). I. Intransit., 

A. 1, to celebrate the festival of Bacchus, Plant. ; 
partic. Bacchantes = Bacchae, Ov. ; 2, to rage ; 
turn baccharis, turn furis, Cic. ; quanta in volup- 
tate bacehabere, Cic. B. to run about in a 
furious manner, to rave ; totam perurbem, Verg. ; 
of a fiery orator, eos furore ct bacchari' arbitra- 
retur, Cic. ; of prophetic inspiration, in antro, 
Verg. ; of lifeless objects, the wind, Hor. ; ru- 
mour, fama bacc'iatur per urbem, Verg. II. 
Transit., A. to raise the Bacchic cry; bacchari 
Evoe, Cut. B. Pass., of places, to be made the scene 
of Bacchic revels; bacchata jugis Naxos, Verg. ; 
virginibus bacchata Lacaenis Taygeta, Verg. 

Bacchus -i, m. (Ba*x°s)- A. the god of wine, 
son of Jupiter and Semele. B. Meton., I, 1 the 
■vine, Verg. ; 2, more frequently, wine, Verg. ; 
3, the Bacchic cry (Io Bacche); Baccho audito, 

baccifer -fera -ferum, 1, bearing berries, 
Sen. ; 2, bearing olive berries, Pallas, Ov. 

Bacenis -is, f. a forest in Germany, probably 
the west part of the Thuringian Forest. 

bacillum -i, n. (dim. of baculum), 1, a little 
staff, Cic. : 2, the lictor's staff, Cic. 

Bactra -orum n. (Baio-pa), the chief city of 
Bactria, now Balk; hence Bactri -orum, m. 
inhabitants of Bactria; Bactria -ae, f. Vie 
country _of the Bactri; Bactrianus -a -urn, 
Bactrinus -a -urn, Bactrian. 

baculum -i, n. and bacillus -i, m. (con- 
nected with pdKTpoi>, from j3dio, fla^u, to go), 
a stick, staff, Liv. ; a shepherd's staff, Ov. ; an 
augur's staff, Liv. ; a vMlking-stick, Liv. 

badisao, 1. (fiaSifa), to walk, march, Plaut. 

BaeblUS-a-um, adj., nameofaplebeianBoman 
gens, with the surnames Dives, Sulca, Tamphilus ; 
hence, lex Baebi • (de praetoribus creandis). 

Baecula ae, f. a town in Hisixmia Baetica. 

Baetis -is, m. a river in Sjxiin, the Guadal- 
quivir ; hence, Baetigena -ae, born on the 
Baetis ; Baeticdla -ae, living near the Baetis ; 
Baeticus -a -urn, relating to the Baetis; Baetica 
provincia, now A ndcdusia and a part of Granada ; 
Bactici -orum, m. inhabitants of Baetica ; 
Baeticatus -a -urn, clothed in Baetican wool, 

Bagous -i, m. and Bagoas -ae, m. (/3a- 
■yiu'as), a eunuch at the Persian court; hence any 
person set to guard women, Ov. 

Bagrada -ae, m. (BaypASas), a river near 

Bajae -arum, f. I. a town on the coast of 
Campania, a favourite resort of the Romans, cele- 
brated for its baths. II. Meton., any watering 
place, Cic. Adj., Bajanus -a -um, belonging 
to Bajae. 

bajulo, 1. (bajulus), to carry a burden, Plaut. 

bajulus -i, m. a porter, Plant., Cic. 

balaena -ae, f. (<£oA<ufa), a wliale, Ov. 

balanatus -a -um (balanus), anointed with 
balsam, embalmed, Pers. 

balanus -i, f. rarely m. (pd\avos), 1, on. 
acorn,, Plin. ; 2, any fruit of similar form, e.g. 
o kind of large chestnut, Plin. ; a date, Plin. ; 
a fruit, the Arabian behen-nut, from which an 
ointment was extracted, Hor. ; or the tree which 
produces it, usually called niyrobalanus, Plin. 

balatro -finis, m. a buffoon, jester, Hor. 

balatus -us, m. (balo), the bleating of sheep 
and, goats, Verg., Ov. 

balbe, adv. (balbus), in a stammering manner, 
Lucr. . ... 

1. balbus -a -um (connected with balare), 
stoni»iertnj7(opp. planus); quum (Demosthenes) 
ita balbus csset ut, etc., Cic. ; verba balba, Hor. 

2. Balbus -i, in. surname of the Altii, Corne- 
lii, etc. 

balbutio, 4. (balbus). I. Intransit., A to 
stammer, stutter, Cels. B. Transf., to speak ob- 
scurely ; desinant balbutire, aperteque et clara 
voce audeant dicere, Cic. II. Transit., to stam- 
mer or stutter out; ilium balbutit Scauruiu, Hor. 

Baleares -Turn, f. (BoAiapet?), iusulae, or 
absol., the Balearic Tslands, Majorca, Minorca; 
hence, adj., Balearls -e, Balearicus -a -um. 

balincura or balneum -i, n., ballnea 
or balnea -orum, n. ; heteroclite p}. balineae 
or balneae -arum (pa\avt?it>), a bath, bathing 
place, Cic. ; a balineo or a balineis, after bathing, 

Ballio -onis, m. a worthless fellow, from a 
character so named in the Pseudolus of Plautus, 

ballista (balista), -ae, f. (jSoAAw). A. a 
military engine for throwing large stones, Cic, 
Caes. B. Transf., the missiles throion, Plaut. 

ballistarium -i, n. = ballista (q.v.). 

balneae, v. balineum. 

balneariub -a -um (balneum), belonging to 
the bath; fur, lurking about baths, Cat. fcJubst., 
balnearia -Cu um, n. baths, bathing-rooms, Cic. 

balneator -Oris, m. (balneum), the keeper of 
a bath, Cic. 

balneolum -i, n. (dim. of balneum), a little 
bath, Cic. 

balneum, v. balineum. 

balo, 1. to bleat, Plaut. ; partic. balantes -lum 
and um, f. = oves, Verg. 

balsamum -i n. (j3aAaofio^), 1, the sweet- 
smelling gum of the bedsam-tree, Verg. ; 2, the 
tree itself, Tac. • '• 

balteus -i, m. (-um -i, n.), the girdle ; a, esp., 
as serving to hold a weapon ; sutilis, Verg. ; b, a 
woman's girdle, Mart. (balteidissyll.,Verg. 10,496). 

Bandusia -ae, f. a fountain near Venusia, 
the birthplace of Horace. 

Bantla -ae, f. (Batri'a), town of Apulia, near 
Venusia. Adj., Bantinus -a -um. 

Baptae -arum, m. (Bon-rat = baptists, from 
the rite of initiation), jwiesfs of the Thnician 
goddess Cotytto, Juv. 

baptisterium -i, n. 03o7m<rr>ipiov), a cold 
plunging bath, Plin. 

barathrum -i, n. (pdpaBpov), A. the abyss, 
the lower world, Plaut. ; barathro donare (to 
squander), Hor. B. Transf., barathrum niaselli 
(of a greedy man), the abyss of the -market, Hor. 

barathrus -i, m. (Bdpaflpo?), worthless fellow, 

barba -ae, f. the beard. I. Lit. A. of men, 
promittere barbam, to let the beard grow, Liv. ; 
barbam tondere, Cic. ; barbam poncre, Hor. 
B. of animals, lupi, Hor. II. Transf., of plants, 
nucum, Plin. 

barbare, adv. (barbarus), 1, like a foreigner ; 
loqui, Cic. ; 2, cruelly, barbarously, laedere 
oscula, Hor. 

barbaria -ae, f. and barbaries, ace -em, 
abl. -e, f. (barbarus), I. a foreign country, as 
opposed to Greece and Rome ; a quo non solum 
Graecia ct Italia sed etiam omnis barbaries com- 
mota est, Cic. ; Persia, Cic. ; Phrygia, Hor. ; 
Gallia, Cic. ; Scythia and Britannia, Oiw. II. 
Meton., A. want of culture, rudeness, roughness; 


haee turba et barharies forensis, Cic ; so of 
mistakes in speech, nee cos aliqua barbariea 
domestica infuscavernt, Cic B. savageness ; in- 
veteratam quandam barbariam ex Ga'ditnuorum 
moribus discipline dclevit, Cic 

barbaricus, -a -urn, foreign, i.e., not Greek 
or Roman ; supellex, Liv. ; esp., eastern; aurum, 
\erg. ; ope barbarioa, Verg. ; raanus (of the 
Phrygian Briseis), Ov. 

barbarus -a -inn (j9ap|3apo<;). I. foreign, 

as opposed to Greek, Italian, Roman, ] ta 

(Naevius), Plant. ; used for Phrygian, carmen, 
Hor. ; for Persian, Nep. Subst., a foreigner, 
one strange to Greek or Roman life, Cic. II. 
Transf., 1, intellectually uncultivated, rough ; 
homines barbari atque imperiti, Caes ; 2, 
■morally rough, savage; homines fcri ac barbari, 

barbatulus -a -urn (dim. of barbatus), with 

« slight beard ; juvenis, Cic. 

barbatus -a -um (barba), bearded. I. Of 
living beings. A. Of men ; 1, quos aut im- 
berbes aut bene barbatos videtis, Cic. ; si que in 
^electet barbatum, a man grown up, Hor. ; 2, 
«sp., a, of men of the old Roman time, when 
the beard was worn, unus aliquis ex barbatia 
lllis, Cic. ; b, barbatus magister, a philosopher, 
Pers. B. Of animals, hirculus, Cat. II. Transf. 
of plants, nux, Plin. 

barblger -gera, -gerum (barba and gero), 
wearing a beard, Lucr. 

barbitos -i, m. and f. (.9^/3,™?). A. the 

lyre, Hor B. Meton. , the song sung to the lyre, Ov. 

barbiila -ae, f. (dim. of barba), a little beard, 

Barcas -ae, m. (Bap™?, connected with 
Hebrew Barak, lightning), the. founder of the 
Barcine family of Carthage, to which belonged 
Hannibal and Hamilcar; hence, adj., Barclnus 
-a -um, Barcine. 

Barce -es, f. (Bap«oj), town in Cyrenaica; 
Barcael -orura, m. the inhabitants of Barce. 

Bardnel -orum, m. a people oflllyria. Adj., 
Bardalcus -a -um, calceus, a kind of soldier's 
boot, in jest = a centurion, Juv. 

bardocucullus -1, m. a Gallic overcoaLwith 
a hooil made of ivool, Mart. 

1. bardus -a -um (Ppa&vs), stupid, slow, dull, 

2. bardus -i, m. a bard, a poet among the 
Gauls, Lucan. 

Bargjfliae -arum, f. and Bargylia -orum, 
n. (BapyvAia), a town in Caria. Hence, a, Bar- 
gyietae -arum, m. the inhabitants of Eargyliae ; 
b, Bargylleticus -a -um, relating to Bargyliae. 

barls -Woe, f. a small Egyptian skiff, Prop. 

baritus v. barritus. 

Barium -Ii, n. (Bapiof), a port in Apulia, on 
the Adriatic. 

baro -onis, m. a blockhead, simpleton, Cic. 

barrio -ire (barrus), to roar (of elephants), 

barritUS -us, m. (barrio), 1, the roar of an 
ilephant; 2, the cry of the Germans, Tac. 

barrua -I, m. (an Indian word), the elephant, 

basoauda -ae, f. a basket, Mart, Juv. 

basiatio -5nis, f. (basio), kissing, a kiss, Cat. 

basiator -is, m. (basio), a kisser, .Mart. 

baslliee, adv. (basllicus), royally, splendidly, 

baailicus -a -um (Paat\iK&<;). I. Adj. royal, 
kingly, princely, Plaut. ; vitis, a kind oj 

°s bel 

Plin. II. Subst. A. basllicus -I, m. (so. 
jactus), the ben cast of the dice, Plaut. B. basil- 
ica -ae, f. (/WiAi<c>j sc. olicia. or o-Toa), c< basilica. 
the name nfa buVding (in Home and other towns) 
usually adorned wiUt a double row nf columns, and 
situated near the forum, used as a meeting-place 
of merchants and for tlie administration of justice; 
qui forum et basilicas non spoliis provincial umi 
Bed ornamentis amicoruin ornarent, Cic; hasili- 
cam habeo, non villain, frequentia Formianorum 
(of a much-frequented place), Cic C. basili- 
cum -i, n. a splendid dress, Plaut. 

basiliSCUS -i, m. (/3a<riA<(TK05), a kind of 
lizard, a basilisk, Plin. 

basio, 1. to kiss, Cat,, Mart. 

basis -is and eos, f. (Bdo-«;), 1, a pedestal, 
base; statuae, Cic. ; 2, foundation, wall; villac, 
Cic.j 3, mathemat. t.t., trianguli, base, Cic 

basium -ii, n. a kiss, either of the hand or 
lip, Cat. ; basia jactare, to throw kisses, Juv. 

Bassareus -ei, m. (Ba<r<rap<-v<;, from p a o-- 
o-apa, a fox-skin, as forming part of the clothing 
of the Bacchantes), a name of Bacchus, Hor.; 
hence, Bassaricus -a -um, adj., Fiop.; Bas- 
saris -idis, f. a Bacchante, Pers. 

Bastarnac and Basternae -arum, m. a 
German people near the mouth of the Danube. 

Batavia -ae, f. the peninsula Batavia, Hol- 
land;^ Batavi -orum, m. inhabitants of Batavia; 
Batavus -a -um, Batavian ; Batavoruin insula 
= Batavia, Tac. 

batillum (vatillum), -i, n. a chafing-dish, Hor. 

batiola -ae, f. a small drinking-vessel, Plin. 

battiio (batuo), 3. to beat, knock, Plaut. 

BattUS -i. m. (BaTroO, the founder of the 
African city Cyrene ; hence Battlades -ae, m. 
an inhabitant of Cyrene ; especially applied to 
the poet Callimachus, a native of^ vrene, Ov. 

baubor, 1. dep., to bark, Lucr. 

beate, adv. (beatus), happily ; bene et beate 
vivere, Cic 

beatitas -atis, f. (beatus), happiness, blessed- 
ness, Cic. 

beatitudo -Inis, f. (beatus), hopjnness, beati- 
tude, Cic. 

bcatulus -a -um (dim. of beatus), somewhat 
happy, Pers. 

beatus a -um, p. adj. (from beo), happy, 
blessed. I. Gen. 1, of persons, qui beatus est, 
non intelligo quid requirat, ut sit beatior; si 
est eniin quod desit, ne beatus quidem est, Cic ; 
agricolae parvo beati, happy on little means, Hor. ; 
2, of events or circumstances, beata mors, Cic. 
Xeut. subst., beatum -i. happiness, Cic II. 
Esp. A. wealthy, prosperous ; 1, of persons, qui se 
locupletes, honoratos, beatos putant, Cic. : 2, of 
states, Dionysius tyrannus opulentissimae et 
beatissimae civitatis, Cic. ; 3, of propertv, pos- 
sessions, gazae beatae Arabuin, Hor Bl beat- 
orum insulae, the islands of the blest, Cic.r 

Bebryces um, m.(BcppvK<:<;)jieopleinBithy- 
nia. Adj., Bebryclus -a -um, Bebrycian. 

Belgae -arum, m. the Belgae, a warlike people, 
of German and Celtic race, inhabiting the north of 
Gaul. Adj., Belglcus -a -mn, Belgic ; hence, 
Gallia Belgica, or simply Belgica, the country be- 
tween the Rhine, the Seine, the Marne, and the 
German Ocean. 

bellaria -orum, n. (bellus), dessert, including 
fruit, nuts, confectionery, sweet wine, Plant. 

boUator -oris, m. (bello), a warrior, Cic. ; 
used adj., warlike, courageous; deus, Mars, Verg.-, 
equus, Verg. ; also absol., a war-horse, Juv. 




bellatoriUS -a -um (bello), skilled in car- 
rying on war ; stilus, a 'pugnacious, controversial 
style, Plin. 

bellatrix -Icis, f. (bcllator), a female tvar- 
rior ; poet., adj., warlike; diva, Pallas, Ov. ; 
Roma, Ov. ; ira, Cic 

bellatulus -a -um (dim., jocosely formed 
from bellus), pretty, Plaut. 

belle, adv. (bellus), ft ncly, prettily, elegantly, 
neatly. I. Gen. scribere, Cic. ; dicere, Cic. ; 
negare, politely, Cic. ; bellissime navigarc, Cic. ; 
praediola belle aedificata, Cic. II. belle se 
habere, or esse, to be in good liealth, Cic. 

Bellerophon -ontis, in. (BeXA-epo^), or 
Bellerophontes -ae, m. (BeAAepo^ovji)!), the 
slayer of the Chimaera. Adj., Bellerophon- 
teus -a -um, equus, Pegasus, Prop. 

belllCOSUS -a -um (bellicus), warlike, belli- 
cose. A. gentes immanes et barbarae et bellicosae, 
Cic. B. Transf. , differre sibi consulatum in belli- 
cosiorem annum, a more warlike year, Liv. 

bellicus -a -um (bellum), relating to war. 
I. disciplina, Cic; virtus, Cic. Subst., belli- 
cuni -i, 11. the signal for the attack; a, bellicum 
canere, Cic; b, transf., to excite, Cic. II. Transf., 
1, vigorous, fiery (of style), alter (Thucydides) 
incitatior fertur et de bellicis rebus canit etiam 
quodammodo bellicum, Cic; 2, warlike; dea, 
Pallas, Ov. 

belliger -gera -ggrum (bellum and gero), 
ivarlike, fond of war ; poet., gentes, Ov. ; of in- 
animate thiugs, hasta, Mart. ; manus, Ov. 

belligero, 1. (bellum and gero), towage war; 
qui isti par in belligerando esse possit, Cic. 

bellipotens -entis (bellum and potens), 

mighty in war. Poet., subst. = Mais, Verg. 

bello, 1. (bellor, dep., Verg.). A. to wage 
war; cum aliquo, Cic ; ad versus aliquem, Nep. ; 
bellare bellum, Liv. B. Transf., to fight ; pictis 
armis, Verg. 

Bellona -ae f. (bellum), the goddess of war, 

Bellovaci -orum, m. a people in Gallia Bel- 
gica, near modern Beauvais. 
bellua, v. belua. 

bellulus -a -um (dim. of bellus), pretty, ele- 
gant, beautiful. 

bellum -i, n. (old form, duellum, a contest 
between two), war. I. Lit. domesticum, Cic. ; 
sociale, Liv. ; piraticum, Cic. ; civile, Cic. ; na- 
vale, Cic. ; terrestre, Liv. ; concitare, excitare, 
suscitare, Cic. ; movere, commovere, conflate, 
Cic. ; parare or comparare, Cic. ; in bellum 
incumbere, Caes. ; instruere, Cic. ; nuntiare, 
denuntiare, indicere, to declare war, Cic ; sus- 
cipere, Cic. ; indicare, Cic. ; alicui inferre, Cic. : 
inferre contra patriam, Cic ; prorogare, Cic. ; 
alere, Cic ; trahere, to prolong, Cic ; dueere, 
Caes. ; deponere, Cic ; componere, Cic. ; conft- 
cere, Cic. ; exstinguere, restinguere, delere, Cic ; 
renovare, Cic. ; impendet, Cic. ; oritur, Cic. ; 
renascitur, Cic. ; in bello, in time of war, Cic. ; 
locative, belli, in time of war, Cic. ; vel domi vel 
belli, Cic. II. Transf., a, tribunicium, contest, 
Liv. ; b, bellum indicere philosophis, Cic. III. 
Fig., contention, fight, Sail. 

bellus -a -um (contr. from benulus, dim. 
ofbenus, i.e., bonus), pretty, hamlsome, charm- 
ing, neat, agreeable; homo, Cic; epistola, Cic. ; 
locus, Cic. ; vultu et fronte, cheerful, Cic. ; cheer- 
ful from good health; fac bellus revertarc, Cic. 

belua -ao, f. (stein FE, whence fera and 6yjp), 
1, any very large animal, e.g. the elephant, lion, 
whale; quantum natura hominis pecudibus re- 
Jiquisque bcluis antecedat, Cic. ; belua fera et im- 

manis, Cic. ; esp. of the elephant, Ov. ; 2, as a 
term of reproach, monster, brute, beast; tactram 
et pestiferam beluam, Caes. 

beliiatus -a -um (belua), covered with figures 
of animals, of tapestry, Plin. 

beluosus -a -um (belua), full of monsters; 
Oceanus, Hor. 

Belus -i, m., Myth, an Asiatic king, founder 
of Babylon, father of Danaiis and Aegyptus ; hence, 
A. Bells -idis, f., gen. plur., Bolides -um, the 
grand-daughters of Belus, the Danaides, Ov. B. 
Belides -ae, m. Lynceus, son of Aegyptius, Ov. 

bene, adv. (from benus for bonus), comp. 
melius, superl. optime. I. well, rightly, honour- 
ably ; coenare, Hor. ; habitare, Nop. ; narrare, 
Cic ; promittere, Cic. ; polliceri, Sail. II, Par' 
ticular phrases. A. With verbs, 1, bene agere. 
to act fairly, Cic. ; 2, bene audire, cf. audio ; 3. 
bene dicere ; a, to speak well; bene dicere, i"\ 
est, Attice dicere, Cic ; b, to speak wordsofgood 
omen (ei><jir)nelv), Plaut. ; c, to speak well of r> 
person, to commend, Cic. ; absol., Hor. ; 4, beno 
facere ; a, to (to well, Cic. ; hence, bene facte- 
famous deeds ; b, med., to be of good effect, Cato ; 
C, bene facis, excellent, lam much obliged, Plaut. , 
d, to do good to, Cic, hence bene facta, benefit*, 
Plaut. ; 5, bene est or bene habet ; a, alicui, U 
is well with, Pompcio melius est factum, Pompeius 
is belter in health, Cic. ; b, it is well, I am pleased, 
Cic; si bene habet, bene agitur, Cic; 6, bene viv 
ere, to live well, i.e., a, luxuriously, Ter.;b, happi- 
ly, Cic; vivitur parvo bene, Hor.; 7, benevoeas, 
you are very kind (polite refusal), Plaut ; 8, bens 
vendere, to sell dear, Plaut. ; emere, to sell clieap* 
Plaut. B. As an exclamation, good, excellent, 
Cic. ; wituaec. and dat., good health to you, Plaut. 
III. With adj.. and adv., well, thoroughly, ben* 
robustus, Cic. ; bene penitus, Cic. ; bene mane, 

benedlctum -i, n. (benedico), praise, Plaut. 

benefacio -feci, -factum, 3. v. bene. 

benefactum -i, n. v. bene. 

beneficentla -ae, f. (beneflcua), kindness, 
liberality, beneficence, Cic. 

benef iciarius -a -um (beneftcium), relating 
to a favour, Sen. Subst., benef Iciaril -orum, 

m. soldiers who by favour of their commanders were 
exempt from the severer military labours, as throw- 
ing up intreiiehments, fetching wood, water, etc- ; 
privileged soldiers, Caes. 

benef icium -H, n. (bene and facio), a ki+d 
ness, favour, benefit, service. I. Gen. alicui bene 
ficium dare, tribuere, Cic. ; in aliquem conferrg 
Cic; apud aliquem collocare, Cic; aliquem bens- 
ficio afficere, complecti, oruare, to do any one a ser. 
vice, Cic ; beneftcium accipere, to receive a kind- 
ness, Cic. ; beneftcium tueri, to be mindful of a ser- 
vice, Cic; in beneticio, Liv.; in beneflcii loco, 
benetlcii causa, per beneftcium, asakindness, ser- 
vice, Cic. ; beneficio tuo, by your kitidness, Cic. ; 
deorum beneticio, sortium beneficio, Caes. II. 
In political life. A. a favour, grant, distinction, 
promotipn; populi, favour of the people, Cic. ; cen- 
turiones sui benelicii, his creatures, Suet. ; quum 
suo magno beneficio esset, since lie owed much to 
his recommendation, Cic. ; used of military pro- 
motions, tribuni militum quae antea dictatorum 
fuerant benettcia, Liv. ; in beneticiis delatus est, 
among those recommended for promotion, Cic. B. 
privilege, exemption ; liberorum, exemption from 
the judicial office in consequence of having a speci- 
fied number of children, Suet. 

benef ious -a -um, comp. -entior, superl. 
-entissimus (bcnclicissinuis, Cat.), (bono aud 
facio), kind, generous, obliging, Cic, 

Beneyentum. -i, a. a town of \}\e ffirpini w» 




Samnium, seat of a Roman colony (modern Bene- 
vtnto) ; hence, Boneventanus -a -urn, bclong- 
• Be neve nl am; in plnr. Bcncvcntanl 
-di urn, in. the people of Btneventuin. 

benevole, adv. (benevolus), benevolently, 
kindly, Cic, 

bcnevdlens -cnlis. A. Adj. well-wishing, 
benevolent, obliging, Plant. B. Subst., friend, 
patron, Plant., Ter. 

benevolentia -ne, f. (benevolcns), good-will, 
friendly disposition, kindness, friendship, benevo- 
lence ; alicui praestare, conferre, Cic. ; colligere, 
Caes. ; erga aliquem habere, conferre, Cic. 

benevolus -a -urn (comp. -entior, Buperl. 
-entissiiuus), (bene and vol"), kiwi, obliging; 
alicni, Cic. ; erga aliquem, Plant. ; servus bene- 
volua domino, a faithful slare, Cic. 

benigne, adv. (benignus), 1, kindly, obliging- 
ly, willingly; benigne respondere, Liv. ; benigne 
attenteqne andire, Cic. ; arma capere, Liv. ; be- 
uigne dicis, or absol., benigne, much obliged, a 
phraso used either in accepting or refusing an 
offer, Cic. ; 2, generously ; pecuniam praebere, 
Plant. ; benigne facerc alicui, to confer benefits on 
a person, Cic. 

benignitas -atis, f. (benignus), 1, kindness, 
mildness, Cic. ; 2, liberality, generosity, Cic. 

benigniter = benigne, q.v. 

benignus -a -urn, adj. with compar. and 
superb; (contr. from benigenus, from bonus and 
genus). I. kindly, friendly, mild, pleasing. A. 
homines beneflci et benigni, Cic. ; vultusbenigni, 
Liv. ; dies, fortunate, Stat. II. liberal, generous; 
A. crgaaliquein, Plant. ; alicui, Plaut., Hor. ; viiii 
soinnique benignus, indulging in wine and sleep, 
Hor. ; prodigal, Plaut. ; B'.ricTi, abundant; ager, 
Ov. ; daps, Hor. 

beo, 1. (connected with bonus, bonus), 1, to 
bless, make happy; beas or beasti, that pleases 
me, I'm glad of it, Ter.; 2, to make rich; aliquem 
raunore, Hor. 

Be'recyntus -i, m. a mountain of Plirygia, 
san-cd to Cybele; hence adj., Berecyntius -a 
■ma, mater, Cybele, Verg. ; hcros, Midas, son of 
Cybele, Ov. ; tibia, the flute used ut the festivals of 
Cybele, Hor. 

Berenice -es, f. (Bepf ««)), 1, queen ofpt ./■ my 
Euergeles, whose hair nw placed among the star.' as 
a constellation; 2, daughter of the Jewish king 

Agrippa I., mistress of Titus, 

Beroea -ae, f. (Be'poia) a town in Macedonia. 
Hence, Beroeaeus -i, m.., and Beroeensis 
-is, in. an inhabitant ofMeroea. 

beryllus -i, c. (JSij'puAAos). A. a beryl, a 
precious stone, of a sea-green colour, f, and in India, 
Juv. B. Meton,, a ring set with a beryl, Prop. 

Bcrytus -i, f. (rtijpuToO, an old Phoenician 
toon, afterwards a Roman colony, and under the 
empire seat of a law school, modern Beyrout. 
•Adj., Berytius -a -urn, and Bcrytcnsis -e. 

bes, bessis, m. (for be -is = binac partes assis), 
two-thirds (= eight nncinc) ot any whole composed 
of twelve parts. A. Lit., a, of a pound, eight 
ounces, Plin. ; b, of the as (as a coin), felius ex- 
triente. Id. Quint, factum erat bessibus, the 
interest was raised from one-third per cent, for the 
month to two-thirds per cent. — i.e., from 4 per 
cent, for the year to 8 per cent, Cic. B. Meton. 
— eight. Mart. 

bessalis -e (bes), containing the number 8. 

Bes3l -ornrn, m. (BeVcroi), a people in Thrace. 
Adj., Besslcus -a -um. 

Bessus -i, ni. satrap of Bactria, who murdered 
Vwius CiAfumqnw, 

bestia -ae, f. (from stem FE, whence belua 
and feia), an animal without reason (opp. homo), 
beast. A. Gen., bestiae mutae, Cic. ; mala bestia, 
as a term of reproach, Plaut. B. Particularly 
used of the animals exhibited in the amphi- 
theatre ; aliquem ad bestias mittere, to condemn 
to be devoured by the beasts of the amphitheatre, 

bcstiarius -a -um (bestia), belonging to 
animals; Indus, a fight with wild beasts at a 
show, Sen. Subst,, bestiarius -ii, 111. one who 
fought with wild beasts at the public shows, Cic. 

bestiola -ae, f. (dim. of bestia), a small aui- 
mal, Cic. 

1. beta -ae, f. ( ( vegetable, beet, Cic 

2. beta, indecl. Oijra), the beta, the second letter 
in the Greek alphabet ; sometimes used prov. for 
the. second, Mart. 

beto (baeto, bito), 3. to go, Plaut. 

Bias -ant is, m. (Bias), a philosopher ofPriene 
in Ionia, contemporary of Croesus ofLydia, one oj 
the so-called seven wise men of Greece. 

bibliopola -ne, m. (/3tjSAio7riJA7)s), o book- 
seller, Plin. 

bibliotheca -ae, f., and bibliothece -es, 

f. (/3i/3A(o07;io)), 1, a collection of books, a library; 
2, the place where books are kept, Cic. 

bibo, blbi, bibitiim, 3. I. Lit,, to drink (from 

natural desire) ; gemma, from a cup set withjetoels, 
Verg. ; sanguinem alieujus, tie. ; dare bibere, 
to give to drink, Cic. II. Particular phrases, 
a, aut bibat aut abeat (trans!, of Greek tj vldi. g 
aVifli), Cic. ; b, Graeco more, to drink to one, 
Cic. ; c, ad numerum, according to the number of 
years that a person wishes to lire, Ov. ; d, poet., 
bibero (lumen, to live on the banks of a river, 
Verg. ; Danuvium, to dwell on the banks of the 
Danube, Hor. II. A. Of tilings, to drink in, 
sat prata biberunt, Verg. ; hortus aquas Dibit, 
Ov. ; arens bibit, the rainbow draws up water, 
Verg, B. Of persons, fig., amorem, Verg. ; 
anre (of attentive listeners), to drink in, Hor. 

Bibracte -is, n. a ImoninGaul, capital of the 
Aedui on the modern Mount Beubray. 

Bibrax -actis, f. fortress of the Remi in Caul. 

blbulu.S -a -um (bibo), fond of drinking. I. 
Act,, fond of drinking ; 1, with genit., Falerni, 
Hor.; 2, of inanimate things, lapis, sandstone, 
Verg. ; lana, Ov. ; nubes, Ov. ; charta, blotting 
paper, Plin. II. Pass, drinkable, Falernuni, Hor. 

biceps -clpitis (bis and caput), having two 
heads, two-headed. A. Lit., pner, Cic. ; J amis, 
Ov. B. Foet., Parnassus, double-peaked, Ov. 

biclinium -i, n. (bis and kAutj), a dining sofa 
for the use oftioo persons, Plaut. 

bicolor -oris (bis and color), of two colours; 
equus, Verg. ; myrtus, Ov. 

bicorniger -gSri, m. (bis and corniger), two- 
homed, an epithet of Bacchus, Ov. 

bicornis -c (bis and cornu), two horned, Ov. ; 
poet., lima, the ?»•!« moon, Hor. ; furcae Incomes, 
two-pronged forks, Verg. ; Rhenus, with two 
mouths, Verg. 

bicorpor -oris (bis and corpus), having two 
bodies, Cic. poet. 

bidens -cutis (bis and dens), having two 
teeth; forfex, Verg.; ancora, Plin. Subst., a, 
m. a hoe with two crooked teeth for breaking clods, 
Verg.; b, f. an animal for sacrifice whose two 
rows of teeth icere complete, Verg., Ov. ; and csp., 
a sheep, Phaedr. 

bidental -alia, n. (bidens), a place struck with 
lightning, which was afterwards consecrated by the 
tacrifice of a sheep (bidens), and enclosed^ H.oy, 




Bidis -is, f. a town in Sicily, north-vest of 
Syracnse. Heuee, Bidinus -a -uin, belonging 
to Bidis. 

biduuin -i, ii. (bis and dies), the space of two 
days; in iis opcribus cousiliisque biduum con- 
suniitur, Caes. ; aliquem biduum cibo tectonic 
proliibcre, Cic. ; abl. biduo, in the course of two 
days, Cic. ; co biduo, in the course of these two days, 
Cic; biduo autsummum tridUO, in two days or 
three at the most, Cic. ; biduo post, two days after- 
wards, Caes.; biduo quo liaec gesta sunt, two 
days after this was done, Caes. ; bidui iter abesse, 
to be two days' march distant, Caes. ; so bidui 
by itself (iter understood), castra quae aberant 
bidui, Cic. 

bienmum -Ii, n. (bis and annus), a space of 
two years; biennio jam confecto fere, Cic; bi- 
ennium jam factum est postquam abii doino, 
it is 110x0 two years since I left home, Plant. ; 
ace, biennium, for the space of two years; bi- 
ennium provinciam obtinere, Cic. ; abl., biennio, 
with compar., biennio major natu Domitius, 
older by two years, Tac ; biennio proximo, in the 
course of two years, Tac. ; bienuio ante, two years 
before, Cic 

bifariam, adv. (ace. of bifarius, double), in 
two parts; distribuere, Cic; castra bifariam 
facta sunt, Liv. 

bifer -fera -ferum (bis and fero), of a tree, 
bearing fruit twice a year, Very. 

bif idus -a -um (bis and Undo), split into two 
parts, Ov. 

biforis -e (bis and foris); 1, having two 
doors, valves, or openings; valvae, Ov. ; 2, with 
two openings; ubi biforem dat tibia cantum, the 
changing deep and high notes of the flute, Verg. 
biformatus -a -um, Cic. poet., v. biformis. 
biformis -e (biformatus -a -um), of double 
form; Janus, Ov. ; vates, the poet turned into a 
swan, Hor. 

bifrons -frontis (bis and frons), with double 
forehead or countenance, epithet of Janus, Verg. 

bifurcus -a -um (bis and furca), liaving two 
prongs, or forks ; valli, Liv. ; ramus, Ov. 

bigae -arum, f. and P. Aug. biga -ae, f. 
(contr. from bijugae or bijuga), a pair of horses, 
Liv., Verg. 

: blgatUS -a -um (b'S ae )> stemmed with a pair 
of horses; argentum, Liv. Subst., blgati | 
-orum, in. sc nummi, silver denarii so marked. . • 
bljugis -e, v. bijugus. 
bijugus a- -um (bis and jugum), yoked tv: 
together; certamen, a race between two-horse 
chariots, Verg. Subst., bijugi -orum, m. a 
pair of lwrses, Verg. 

bilibra -ae, f. (bis and libra), a mass of two 
pounds weight, Liv. 

bilibris -e (bis and libra), 1, weighing two 
pounds; ottae, Pliu. ; 2, containing two pounds ; 
cornu, Hor. 

bilinguis -e (bis and lingua), having tiro 
tongues; a, speaking two languages; canusini 
more bilinguis, Hor.; b, double-tongued, trea- 
cherous, Verg. 

bills -is, f. gall, bile. I. Lit., Cic. ; suffnsa, 
jaundice, Plin. II. Fig., a, anger, displeasure; 
commovere, Cic. ; b, atra bilis (Gr. nekayxoKla), 
black bile— i.e., melancholy, Cic ; madness, Plant. 
bills -Icis (bis and licium), only ace. sing, 
bilicem found, having a double thread, Verg. 

bilustris -o (bis and lustrum), lasting ten 
years, Ov. 

bintaris -c (bis and marc), lying on two seas; 
Corinthus, Hor, ; Isthums, Ov, 

bimarltus, m. (bis aud maritus), (Ae hus- 
band of two wives, ap. Cic 

bimater -tii-s, in. (bis and mater), having 
two mothers; epithet of Bacchus, Ov. 

bimatus -us, m. (bimus), the age of two 
years (of plants and animals), Plin. 

bimombris -e (bis and membrum), having 
double members, half man, half animal ; forma, 
used of the Centaurs, Ov. ; biniembres, subst., 
Centaurs, Verg. 

bimestris -e (bis and mensi.s), lasting two 
months ; cousulatus, ap. Cic. ; porcus, <i pig 
two months old, Hor. ; stipendiuni, pay for two 
months, Liv. 

bimulus -a -um (dim. of bimus), two yean 
old, Cat., Suet. 

bimus -a -um (bis and annus), two years old; 
equus, Plin. ; vixbimum huncTiberium Caesarera, 
Veil. ; legio, a legion that luid served for two 
years, Cic. ; merum, Hor. ; nix, snow lying for two 
years, Ov. ; honor, office conferred for two years, 
Ov. ; sententia, a vote of the senate prolonging a 
governor's time to two years, ap. Cic. 

bini -ae -a (sing., binus -a -um, Lucr.), two 
by two, Lticr. ; 1, two apiece, sometimes simply 
two; uuicuique binos pedes assignare, two feet 
each, Cic. ; binos imperatores, two consuls a year, 
Sail. ; with substt, that are used only ill the 
plur., or that have a different meaning In the 
plur., two; bina castra, Cic. ; binae litterae, Cic. ; 
with other numerals, bina millia passuum, two 
miles, Quint. ; 2, of things that match, bo yes, 
a yoke of oxen, Plin. ; scyphi, a pair of goblets, 
Cic; neut. plur. subst., tindi in bina, to be cleft 
in twain, Lucr.; si bis bina quot essent didi- 
cisset, if he had learnt that twice two is four, 
Cic. - - 

bliioctium -Ii, n. (bis and nox), a space of 
two nights, Tac. 

binominis -e (bis and nomen), having two 
names; Ascmius (because also called lulus), 
Ov. ; Ister (because also called Danuvius), Ov. 

Bion -ouis, m. (BiW), a satirical philosopher, 
first of the Cyrenaic, then of the Stoic school; hence 
Bioncus -a -um, sermones, witty, caustic, Hor. 
bios -ii, m. (/3i'os, life, cf. eau de vie), a cele- 
brated Greek wine, Plin. 

bipalmis -c (bis and pahnus), two palms ot 
spans long or broad, Liv. 

bipartio, or bipertio (-ivi), -Itum, 4. (bis 
and partio), to divide into two parts, Cic. 

bipartito, adv., from partic. of bipartio, in 
two parts, in two ways; distribuere, Cic. ; iuferre 
signa, Caes. - 

bipatens -entis (bis and patens), doubly 
open; open in two directions; portis bipaten- 
tibus, Verg. 

bipedalls -e (bis and vedalis), two feet long, 
broad, thick, or high; trabes, Caes. 

bipennlfer -ffira -ferum, armed with a two- 
edged axe (bipeunis), Ov. 

bipennis -e (bis and penna), 1, having two 
wings, Plin. ; 2, transf., double-edged ; ferrmu, 
Verg. Subst., bipennis -is, f. (sc. secuns), a 
double-edged axe, Verg., Hor. 

bipes -edis (bis and pes), having two fed, 
MpeiCCic, Verg. Subst. plur., used contemp- 
tuously, men; omnium non bi pedum solum, sed 
etiam quadrupeduin impurissimus, Cic. 

biremis -c (bis and romus). I. two-oared, 
Liv. Subst., biremis -is, f. a s);lff with two 
oars, Lucan. II. with two banks of oars; used 
only as subst., B sMP With (W &<W*fa of wr$, 





bis, adv. twice, in two ways; bisterque, Cic. ; 
bis t'Tvo, Cic. ; twice or thrice; bis die, Cic. ; bis 
consul, a man who has been consul twice (iternm 
consul, a man who is consul for the second time), 
Cic. ; bis tanto or tantum, twice as great, Plaut. ; 
with distributive numerals, bis bina, Cic. ; with 
cardinal numerals, only in poet., bis quinque viri 

!tlie decern viri), Hor. ; prov., bis ad eundein 
3C. lapidem offendere), to make the same mistake 
tirice, Cic. 

Bistones -rnn, m. (BiVtoit?), the Bistones, 
a Thracian people settled not far from Abdera; 
used poet, for Thracians; hence adj., Bisto- 
ntus -a -um, Bistonian or Thracian ; tyrannus, 
Diomedes, Ov. ; chelys, the lyre of Orpheus, Claud.; 
turbo, violent north wind, Lucan ; Minerva, 
goddess of the warlike Thracia)is, Ov. Subst., 
Bistdnia -ae, f. Thrace ; Bistdnis -Idis, f. a 
Thracian woman = Bacchante, Hor. ; ales, ProcHi, 
wife of the Thracian king Tereus, Sen. poet. 

bisulcls -e (bis and sulcus), cloven. A. bi- 
sulci lingua (anguis), Pac. B. Meton., adouble- 
tongued person, a hypocrite, Plaut. 

blsulCUS -a -um (bis and sulcus), split into 
two parts ; lingua, forked, Ov. ; uugula, cloven 
hoof, Plin. ; pes, Lucr., Plin. Subst, blsulca 
-orum, n. animals with cloven hoofs (opp. soli- 
pedes), Plin. . 

Bithynla -ac, f. a country of Asia Minor, 
between the sea of Marmora and the Black Sea; 
hence adj., Bitbynlcus -a -um, surname of 
Pompeius, conqueror of the Bilhynians, and of 
his son, Cic. ; Bithynius -a -uni ; Bithynus 
-a_-um_, liilhynian; Blthynii -orum, m., Plin. ; 
Bithyni -Orum, m. the Bithynians, Tac. ; BI- 
thyais -idis, f. a Bithynian woman, Ov. 

bitumen -Inis, n. asphaltwm, l.i<--:en, Verg., 

bituminous -a -um (bitumen), bituminous, 

^ Bltiirlges -um, m. ft people of Aguitanian 
Gaul, near the modern town Bourges, Caes. 

bivlum -li, n. a place where two roads meet, 
Verg. ; in bivio distineri, to be distracted by a 
love for two persons, Ov. 

blvlus -a -um, having two u<ays or passages, 

blaesus -a -um (/3A<u<tos), lisping, indistinct; 
lingua, Bonus, Ov. ; used of the talk of a parrot, 
Ov. Subst, madidi et blaesi, drunken men, Juv. 

blende, adv. (blandus), caressingly, softly, 
tenderly, flatteringly ; rogare, Cic. ; blandissimc 
appellare liominem, Cic. 

blandldlcus -a -um (blande and dico), flat- 
teringly, Plaut. 

blandiloquentulus -a -um, talking flat- 
teringly, Plaut. 

blandiloquus -a -um (blande and loquor), 
flattering, fair-spoken, Plaut. 

blandimentnm-i,u.(blandior). 1. flattery; 
usually plur., blandimentis corrumpere, Cic; 
blandimenta inuliebria, Tac. II. 1, whatever 
pleases the senses, an allurement; sine blandi- 
mentis expellunt famem, without sauces, deli- 
cacies, Tac ; 2, carefid tending, of a plant, Tim. 

blandior, 4. dep. to flatter, caress, coax. A. 
Lit, governing the dative, milii et per se et per 
PompeiumblanYlitur Appius, Cic. ; Hannibalem 
puoriliter blandientem patri Hauiilcari, ut 
daceretur in Hisiianiam, Liv, ; auribus, to tickle 
the rnrj, Plin. ; sihi, to deceive oneself, Sen. ; vol is 
meis, to delude oneself into believing what one 
wishes, Ov. B. Transf., of things, blandiebatur 

COeptiatorUmn, fnrt»nrfa.w>vrrd l t is undrrtnl-ivgs, 

Tac. ; voluptas sensibus Wanditur, Cic. ; blan- 

dientc inertia, idlevess pleasing him, Tac. Hence 
past. partic.,blandltus-a-u'm,cAa)-wi)t{7, Prop. 

blandlter = blande (q.v.). 

blandltia -ae, f. (blandus), ft caress, flattery, 
used in both a good and a bad and not always 
in an invidious sense, as assentatio, and adulatio. 
A. Lit., popularis, Cic. ; plur. benevolentiam 
civium blanditiis et assentando colligere, Cic ; 
adhibcre, Ov. ; muliebros, Liv. B. that which is 
alluring or attractive; blanditiae praesentium 
voluptatum, Cic. 

blandltles -ei, f.= blanditia (q.v.). 

blandus -a -um, flattering, fondling, caress- 
ing ; 1, blandum amicum a vero secernere, Cic; 
voluptates, blandissimae dominae, Cic ; with 
dat, blandiorcs alienis quain vestris, Liv. ; 2, 
of tilings, enticing, alluring, tempting; litterae, 
( ic, ; soni, Ov. ; oculi, Plin. ; otium consnetn- 
dine in dies blandius, ease becoming by habit 
evury day more attractive, Liv. 

blatero, 1. to chatter, babble, Hor. 

blatio, 4. to talk idly, babble ; nugas, Plaut. 

blatta -ae. f. a cockroach, chafer of uncertain 
species, Verg., Hor. 

blennus -i, m. (p\cvi6s), a stupid fellow, 

blltutn -i, n. 03Ai'ro>'), a tasteless herb used in 
salail. Plant. ; hence adj., bllteus a- um, in- 
sipid, silly, Plant. 

boarius, and bovarms -a -urn (bos), relating 
to oxen; forum, the cattle market, Liv. 

Boccar -iris m. a king of Mauritania at the 
time of the second Punic war ; hence = an Afri- 
can, Juv. 

Bocchus -i, 1, king of Mauritania, thefriend 
and afterwards the betrayer of Jugurtha ; 2, ft 
plant named after him, Verg. 

Boebe -es, f. (Bm'/3>;), a lake in Thessaly and 
also a place on its shores; hence Boebeis -Idis 
and Idos, f. the lake Boebe. Adj., Bocbcius 
-a uin. 

boootarches -ae, in. (BoKoTapxi?), the high- 
est magistrate of Boeotia, Liv. 

Boeoti -orum, in. (Boiwtoi), and Boeotil 
-Oram, m. the inhabitants of Boeotia, proverbial 
for their dulness ; hence Boeotia -ae, f. a coun- 
try in Greece, north-west of Attica ; BdeotlcUS 
-a -ujn, Boeotian; Boeotis -idis, f. Boeotia! 
BoeotlUS_ -a -um, Boeotian ; mocnia, Thebes, 
Ov. ; Boeotus -a -um, Boeotian. 

Boethlus -li, m. (Anicius Manlius Torqua- 
tus Sevcrus), n distinguished Roman philosopher 
and theologian of the post-classical period; be- 
headed in prison (where he wrote his most cele- 
brated work, Le Consolatione Philosophiae Libri 
v.) 524 a.d. 

Bogud -Qdis, m. son of Bocchus and king of 
Mauritania Tingilana, ally of Caesar and after- 
wards of Antonius, taken prisoner by Agiippa 
and executed (B.C. 31). 

b8jae -arum, f., plur., a species of collar, of 
wood or iron, for slaves and criminals, Plaut. 

B6J1 (Boll), and Bol -orum, m. a Celtic 
people, settled partly in north Italy, partly in cen- 
tum Germany, partly in, cent_ral Gaul. Sing., Bolus 
■i, m. one of the Boii; Boia, -ae, f. a woman oj 
the Boii; hence, a, Boia -ae, f. the country 
of the Uoii; b, Boiohaemum -i, n. (Germ. 
Boienheim), the land of the Boii (hence modern 

Boia -ae, f. a town of ti<e Aequi iiiLatium, 
now Lugnano. Hence Bolanus -a -um, re- 
fling to Boia. 

Bolbihno -ts, f. (BoA/3itii<>j), town in lfpi(>iT 




Egypt, now Rose.tta; hence Bolbitmus -a -urn, 
o/Bolbitine; ostium, the Rosetta mouth of the Nile, 

boletus -i, m. (/SwAi'rjjs), the best kind of 
mushroom, Plin. 

bolus -i, in. (/3o\os), a throw (classical jactus) ; 
1, of dice, Plaut. ; 2, of a fishing net, anil hence 
a, what is caught at one throw; bolum emere, 
Suet.; b, fig., a good havl, gain; is primus 
bolu 'st, Plaut. ; bolo tangere, or mnltare, or 
emungcre aliquem, to cheat a man of his game, 

bombax, interj. (j3d/ij3af), an exclamation 
of ironical astonishment ; is it possible ? Plaut. 

bombycinus -a -uni (bombyx), silken, Plin. 
Plur. subst., bombyoina -orum, n. silken gar- 
ments, Mart. 

bombyx -ycis, m. and f. (/3dn/3uf). I. the 
silkworm, Plin. II. silk, silk-shiff, Prop. 

Bona Dea, the good goddess, the deity of 
fertility, worshipped by the Roman women. 

bonitas -atis, f. (bonus), goodness, excellence. 
I. Of material things, agrorum, praediorum, 
vocis, Cic. II. A. Of abstract things, naturae 
bonitate, Cic. ; bonitas et aequitas causae, Cic. ; 
bonitas verborum, Cic. B. Of character, good- 
ness, kindness, integrity; bonitas et benelicentia, 
Cic. ; facit parentes bonitas (parental love), non 
necessitas, Phaedr. ; with in or erga followed by 
the ace, bonitas in suos, Cic; diviua bonitate 
erga homines, Cic. 

Sonoma -ae, f. (Boviavia), 1, a town in Cis- 
alpineGaul (now Bologna) ; hence adj. Bononi- 
ensis -e ; 2, a port in Gallia Belgica (now 
Boulogne); 3, a town, on the Danube (now 

bonum -i, n. good, material or moral ; 1, 
material, generally plural, bona -orum, pro- 
perty ; bona fortunaeque, Cic; bonoruin om- 
nium heres, sole heir, Liv. ; esse in bonis, to be 
in possession, Cic. ; 2, moral, bonum mentis est 
virtus, Cic. ; suinmuin bonum, the supreme good 
(fn philosoph. sense), Cic. ; bona pacis, the bless- 
ings of peace, Tac. ; bonum naturale, inborn 
talent, Cic. ; 3, profit, advantage; bonuin pub- 
licum, the common lueal, Liv. ; bono esse alicui, 
to profit one, Cic. ; cui bono fuisset, for whose 
advantage, Cic. 

bonus -a -urn (old form, duonus), compar. 
mclior -ius, gen. -oris, superl. optimus -a -urn 
(from opto), good. I. Physically and mentally, 
1, good in itself; nummi boni, genuine coin, 
Cic. ; bona voce, Plaut. ; dicta, good things — 
jests, Enn. ; bona indole, Cic; esp., a, beauti- 
ful ; forma bona, Ter. ; cervix, Suet. ; b, of good 
birth; bono genere natus, Cic; c, able, clever; 
imperator, Cic; poeta, Cic. ; jaculo, goodat hurl- 
ing the javelin, Verg. ; hence, subst., boni, able 
men, Cic ; d, in war, brave ; vir pace belloque 
bonus, Liv. ; bonus militia, Sail. ; 2, good as 
regards the sensations, position, etc.; a, phy- 
sically, of health, valetudo bona, Cic. ; mens 
bona, Liv.; bono animo, of good courage, Cic ; b, 
of physical qnalities.color, good complexion, Lucr. ; 
aetas bona, youth, Cic. ; of the weather, bona 
tempestas, Cic. ; c, pleasant to the senses ; bonae 
res, good things, delicacies, Nep. ; d, of news, 
bona fama, good news, Cic. ; e, of human 
actions, etc., bonum exemplum, Tac ;navigatio, 
a good voyage, Cic. ; mors, a happy death, Plin. ; 
bona gratia, in all kindness, Cic. ; bona venia, 
with your permission, Cic. ; bonae res, good 
fortune, Cic. ; in bonam partem accipere, to 
take in good part, Cic. ; f, of time, lucky (poet.); 
dies, Verg. ; g, of good omen, auspicium, Cic. ; 
bona verba, auspicious words, Ov. ; quod bonum 
fellx faus! unique sit, Cic. ; 8, good, with regard 


to some object ; aetas tironum plerumque 
melior, Cic; with ad, ad proelium boni, Tac.; 
with dat., civitatibus suis, Cic. ; optimum factu, 
Cic. ; 4, as regards number or quantity, bona 
pars hominum, Hor. ; bonam partem serinouis, 
Cic. II. Morally, honest, faithful. A. Gen., 
viri boni est misereri, Cic. ; often ironical, 
homines optimi, Cic. ; bona atque honesta anii- 
citia, Cic. ; in vocative, as a familiar greeting, 
O bone 1 my good fellow, Hor. B. Esp. a, with 
regard to the state, patriotic, loyal; bonus et 
fortis civis, Cic. ; and often in Cic. and Hall, 
boni = conservatives, the supporters of the existing 
system; b,cliaste; femina, Cic. ; c, kind; bonus 
atque beuignu*, Hor. ; di boni, gracious gods ! 
Cic. ; with dat., tuis, Verg. ; with in and the 
ace, in me, Cic. ; d, name of Juppiter, Optimus 
Maximus, Cic. 

boo, 1. 03oo«), to shout, roar ; of places, to 
echo ; redde meum ! toto voce boante foro, Ov. 

Bootes -ae and -is, m. (/3<xoT»jy, the ox-driver), 
a constellation in the nortliern hemisjihere, also 
called Arctophylax. 

Boreas -ae, m. (Bope'as). A. the north wind, 
Verg. (Class. Lat. aquilo). B. Meton., the north, 
Hor. B. Mythol., the husband of Orithyia, and 
father of Calais and Zetes; hence adj., Boreus 
-a -uni, northern. 

boria -ae, f. o kind of jasper, Plin. 

Borysthenes -is, m. (Bopua-fleV)]?), a large 
river in Sarrnatia (now the Dnieper) ; hence 
Borysthenidae or -itae -arum, m. dwellers on 
the Borysthenes ; Borysthenis -idis, f. a Greek 
colony on t)ie Borysthenes ; Bdrysthenlus -a 
-urn, belonging to the Borysthenes. 

bos, b6vis, c. (povs), 1, ox, bullock, cow, Cic, 
Liv. ; bos Lues, an elephant, Lucr. ; prow bovi 
clitellas imponere, to saddle an ox, i.e. to impose 
on any one an office for which he is not fit, ap. 
Cic. ; 2, a kind of flatfish, Ov. 

Bosporus (Bosphorns), -i, m. (Bdo-wopos), 1, 

Bosporus Thracius, the straits between Thrace ami 
Asia Minor (now the Straits of Constantinople) : 
2, Bosporus Cimmerius, off the Crimea (now the 
Straits ofYenikale); hence a, adj., Bosporan- 
US -a um, belonging to the Bosphorus ; subst. a 
dweller on the Bosphorus ; b, BosporiUS and 
Bosporeus -a -uni, belonging to the Bosphorus. 

Bostra -ae, f. capital of the Roman province 
of Arabia (the Bozrah of the Bible); hence Bos- 
trenus -a -um, of or belonging to Bostra. 

Bottiaea -ae, f. (Bori-taia), a district of Mace- 
donia; hence Bottiaei -orum, in. the inhabi- 
tants of the district, 

Bdvianum -i, n. (BoinWoi'), town in Sam- 
nium (now Bojano); hence adj., Bovianius 
-a -um. 

bovile = bubile (q.v.). 

Bovillae -arum, f. 1, town in Latium, not 
far from Rome, near which Clodius was murdered 
by Milo ; hence adj., Bovillanus -a -um, 
pugna (with a play on the word bovillns), the 
murder of Clodius, Cic. ; 2, town, in the district of 

bovillns -a -um (bos), an old form of bubu- 
lus, relating to oxen ; grex, ap. Liv. 

brabeuta -ae, m. (/3pa0evT>is}, « judge, um- 
pire in the public games, Suet. 

bracae (braccae) -arum, f. pi. (sing, once 
in Ov.), breeches, trousers, hose ; originally worn 
by Persians, Gauls, and Germans, Tac, Ov. 

bracatus (braooatus) -a -um (bracae). I. 
Lit., wearing breeches. II. Transf., A. foreign, 
barbarian, effeminate; natio, Cic. B. Asgeograph, 




name = transalpine, Gallia liracata, Gaul on 
the north si<l< of the Alp*, thr old name of Gallia 
XarbonensU, Plin, ; cognatio bracata, kindred 
with people of Transalpine Gaul, Cic. 

braces, ace. -cm, f. a kind of corn, Plin. 

brachialis -e (brachium), belonging to the 
arm, Plant 

bracbiolum -i, n. (dim. of bracliium), a 
sm'tll delicate arm, Cat. 

brachium -ii, n. (fipa\iv>v). I. the arm from 
the elbow to the wrist (lacertus = the fore-arm); 
brachia et lacerti, Ov. II. Gen., tlie whole arm. 
A. Lit., brachium frangere, Cic. ; din jactato 

bracliio scutum emittere, Cacs. ; dare collo 
braciiia, to embrace, Verg. ; as used in speaking, 
porrcctio hrachii, Cic. ; in dancing, brachia 
nnmeria movere, Ov. ; prow, esp., brachia sua 
praebere scaler!, to assist in a crime, Ov. ; levi 
brachio agere, to act ■without energy, Cic. ; molli 
brachio objurgare, to upbraid lightly, Cic. ; diri- 
gere brachia contra torrentem, to swim against 
the stream, Juv. B. Transf., 1, the limbs of 
animals, the claw of a crab, 0\\; the thigh of 
an elephant, Plin.; the leg of a lion, Plin.; the 
claio of the nautilus, Plin. ; used of the sign 
Cancer, Ov. , and Scorpio, Verg. ; 2, of things 
resembling the arm, tlie. branch of a tree, Verg.; 
arm of the sea, Ov. ; the spur of a. mountain chain, 
Plin.; the yard of a sail = antenna, Verg.; an 
outwork connecting two points of a fortification, 
Liv. ; the long walls •vnnecting Athens with the 
Piraeus, Liv. 

bractea (brattga) -ae, f. a thin plate' of metal, 
gold leaf, Lucr., Verg., Ov. 

bracteatUS -a -urn. A. Lit. covered with 
gold leaf. B. Transf. 1, gilt, glittering like gold, 
magnificent ; 2, glittering, unreal, delusive; feli- 

bractcola -ae, f. (dim. of bractea), a little 

leaf of gold, .Juv. 

Bronchus ->, m, (Hpayvos), a Greek to whom 
AyUlo gave the gift if prophecy; hence Bran- 
chldae -arum, in, (Hpayyi'im). descendants of 

Jtronchus, the hereditary caste of priests at the 
temple if Apollo at Dulyma, near Miletus. 

brassica -ae, f. cabbage, Plant. 

Bratuspantium -ii, n. touin in Gallia Bel- 
(jiia, now ruins of Jlrafuspante, near Breteuil. 

Brennus -i, m. (BpfVi/o?), 1, leafier of the 
fienonian Gauls who took and burned Home, b.c 
389 ; 2, leader of a Gallic horde who invaded 
Greece. Adj. Brennicus a -um. 

breViariUB -a -um (brevis), abridged. Subst. , 
br~ : uni -i, n. short summary, report, epl- 

t . -,'trii, statistical report, Suet. 

brevlculus -a -tun (dim. of brevis), some- 
what short or little, Plant. 

brcviloquens -entis (brevis and loqnor), 
brief in speech, Cic. 

breviloqucntia -ae, f. (breviloquens), 

brevity if speech, Cic. 

brevis -e (fipa\v';). A. In regard to space, 
1, as to length anil breadth (npp to longus, 
latus), short; via, Verg. ; in breve cogere, to con- 
trol! .'„(., a small s/mce, Jlor. ; 2, as to height 
(opp. t<> longus, nltua, procerus), .judex brcvior 
ouam testis, of shorter stature, Cic. ; 3, as to 
ilepth (opp. to profundus), shallow ; brevia rata, 
Verg. subst., brevia -ium, n. shallows, Verg., 
Tac., and sing., a shoal, Tac. B. In regard to 
time(opp. to longus), 1, short ; ad breve tempos, 
Cic. ; brevipost, shortly afterwards, Liv. ; brevi, 
for a little time, Ov. ; 2, of short duration; 
vitee curriculum, Cic. ; rosa, flos, lilium, bloom- 
ing only for a short time, Ilor. ; breves populi 

Roman! amores, short-lived, Tac. ; 3, oftheqiwn- 
tity of syllables, short ; syllaba, Cic. ; 4, of dis- 
course or writing, short, concise; breves litterao 
tuae, Cic. ; brevis narratio, Cic. ; brevi, in a few 
fords, Cic; breve faciam, / will make it shoit, 
Cic. ; in breve cogere, to shorten, Cic. ; so meton. 
of persons, quum se breves putcnt esse, longis- 
simi Bint, Cic. ; brevis esse laboro, Ilor. 

brevitas -Stis, f. (brevis), shortnes}. I. 

Of space, I, in regard to length or breadth, 
spatii, Cacs.; 2, of height, brevitas nostra, Ottr 
short stature, Cacs. II. Of time, A. Lit., tem- 
poris, diei, Cic. B. Transf., a, of the quantity 
of syllables, syllabarnm, Cic; b, of speech and 
writing, brevity, conciseness; litte'rarxun, Cic. ; ora- 
tionis, Cic. ; brevi tati scrvire, to study brcr'*'i, Cic, 

brevitcr, adv. (brevis). shortly. I. of space, 
Til). II. Transf., a, of Die quantity of sylla, 
bles, Cic. ; b, of conciseness in speaking or 
writing, briefly ; rem breviter narrare, Cic. 

Briareus -8i, m. (Bpiapei!?), also called Ae- 
gaeon, son of Uranus, a giant with a hundred 
arms and fifty heads; centumgeniinus, Verg. 
Hence Briareius -a -um. 

Brigantes -um, m. a tribe in the -north of 
Britain, in Northumberland or Cumberland ; 
henee adj., Briganticus -a -um, surname of 
Julius, nephew of Civilis. 

Brigantia -ae, f. (own of the Vindelici on 
the lake ofjOonstance (now Bregcnz); hence adj., 
Brigantinus -a -um, Briganline. 

Brimo -us, f. (Bptp.w), the terrible one, epithet 
of Hecate, used of Proserpina, Prop. 

Britannia -ae, f. and plur. Britanniae 
-arum, used both of Great Britain and the British 
Isles; hence adj., 1, Britannicus -a -um, 
lierba, the plant water-dock, Plin. ; 2, Britan- 
nus -a -um, and subst., Britannus -i, m, a 
Briton, Hor. ; plur. Britanni -ornm, m. the 
Britons, Caes. ; Brito -onis, m. a Briton, Juv. ; 
a Breton, poet, for n Gaul, Mart. 

Britannicus -i, in. the sun of Claudius and 
Messalina, burn in 42, so called from his father's 
pretended victories in Britain. He was «pt 
aside from the succession in favour of Nero, the 
son of his step-mother Agrippina, and murdered 
after Nero became Rmperor. 

Britomartis -is, f. (Bpn-o/xapTc?), a Cretan 
deity, afterwards identified with Diana. 

Brixia -ae, f. town in Cisalpine Gaul (now 
Brescia), the mother-city of Verona. Hence adj., 
Brixianus a -um. of or relating to Brixia. 

brocchitas -atis, f. projection of the teeth in 
on ii, mis, Plin. 

brocchus, (brochus, bronchus), projecting 
(of teeth); of men and animals, having projecting 
teeth, Plant. 

BromiUS -ii, m. (Bpo/iios, the. noisy), a sur- 
name of Bacchus, Plant., Ov. 

Bructerl -orum, m. a people of North Ger- 

bruma -ae, f. (for brevma, contracted from 
brevissima, sc. dies), the time of the shortest day 
of the year, the. winter solstice. I. Lit., ante 
brumani, Cic. ; sub bruma, Caes. II. Poet., 
, wintry cold ; bruma recurrit ineis, Hor. ; 
III. Meton., the year, Mart. 

brumalis -c (bruma), 1, relating to the 
shortest /lay ; dies,Cic. ; signum, Capricorn, Cic. ; 
2, wintry ; horae, Ov. ; frigus, Verg. 

Brundisium -i, n. a town in Calabria, with 
an excellent harbour, the port most used by the 
Romans for journeys to Greece and the East 
(now Brindisi); hence adj., Brundisinus a 
-um, Brundisian. 



Bruttii (Brutli, Brittli) -orum, m. the 

Brultii, tlie inhabitants of the southern extremity 
of Italy (now Calabria Ulteriore); hence adj., 
Bruttfus -a -um, Bruttian. 

1. brutus -a -um (connected with jSapu'i and 
PplBCs), 1, heavy, immoveable ; pondus, Lucr. ; 
2, dull, insensible, without feeling or reason; 
aliorum brutorum qui se cautos ac sapientcs 
pntant, Cic. 

2. Brutus -i, m. a cognomen of the Roman 
Gens Junta. 1, L. Junius Brutus, relative of 
Tarquinius Superbus, feigned idiocy, freed Rome 
from the kingly power, B.C. 509. 2, M. Junius 
Brutus, nephew of Calo Uticensis, one of the 
murderers of Julius Caesar, intimate friend of 
Cicero, philosopher and orator. 3, D. Junius 
Bjutns, fellow conspirator with 2. Adj., Bru- 
tinus -a -um, belonging to (M. Junius) Brutus; 
consilia Brutina, Cic. 

Bubastis -is, f. (Boii/3ao-Tis)> an Egyptian 
goddess, represented with the head of a cat. 

bubile -is, n. (bos), an ox-stall, Plaut. 

bubo -onis, in. (/Sv'us, fiv£a), the screech owl, 
bubulcitor, 1. dep./aud bubulcito, 1. to 

be a cow-herd, Plaut. 

bubulcus -i, m. (bos), one who ploughs with 
oxen, Cic. 

bubulUS -a -um (b° s )> relating to cows or 
oxen; caro, Plin. Subst., bubula -ae, f. (sc. 
caro), beef, Plaut. 

bucaeda -ae, m. (bos and caedo), one who 
has been beaten with thongs of ox hide, Plaut. 

bucca -ae, f. the cheek; esp. when puffed 
out. I. Lit., buccas inflare, to swell with rage, 
Hor. ; prov., quod in buccam venerit, scribito, 
whatever comes into your mouth, Cic. II. Meton., 
1, a declaimer, bawler, Juv. ; 2, one who fills his 
■mouth very full, a parasite, Petr. ; 3, « mouthful, 
Mart. ; 4, a person, with swollen cheeks (of a 
trumpeter), Juv. 

buccella -ae, f. (dim. of bucca), a little 
mouthful, Mart. 

buccina, buccinator, etc., v. bucina»etc. 

bucco -onis, m. (bucca), a babbling foolish 
fellow, Plaut. 

buccula -ae, f. (dim. of bucca) ; 1, the cheek, 
jaw, Plaut. ; 2, the beaver, the visor, the part of 
a helmet which covers the cheeks, Liv. 

bucculentus -a -um (bucca), puffy-cheeked, 

Bucephalas -ae, ace. -an, and -us -i, m. 
(Macedonian Bovxe^aAas, Gr. Bovice<l>a\os), tlie 
horse of Alexander the Great. Bucephala -ae, 
f. and Bucephale -es, f. (Bovice<pd\r)), a town 
founded in its honour on the Hydaspes. 

bucerds -on, and bucerius -a -um, Lucr. 
(jSou'K£pu>s), having ox's horns, Ov. 

bucina -ae, f. (from the sound bu and cano, 
or contr. from boviciua, from bos and cano). I. 
a crooked trumpet ; a, the shepherd's horn. Prop. ; 
b, a military trumpet, Cic. ; used as a signal for 
relieving guard, hence ad tertiam bucinam(= 
vigiliam), Liv. ; c, the trumpet used to summon 
the popular assemblies, Prop. II. Triton's horn, 

bucinator -oris, m. a trumpeter, Caes. 

buciiium -i, n. 1, tlie sound of a trumpet, 
Plin. ; 2, a sliellfish, Plin. 

buodlicus -a -um, and -os -6 -8n (0ou- 
ko\ik6s), relating to shepherds, rural; modi, Ov. 

buoula -ae, f. (dim. of bos), a lieifer, Verg., 


bufo -onis, m. a toad, Verg. 

bulbus -i, m. (j3oA/3os), an onion, Ov. 

buleuterion -ii, n. OSoiAevnjpioy), the place 
of meeting of a Greek senate, Cic. 

bulla -ae, f. a hollow swelling, a bladder, 
bubble. I, Lit., a water bubble; ut pluvio per, 
lncida caelo surgere bulla solet, Ov. tl. Transf., 
A. a boss, stud ; 1, on girdles, aurea bullis cin» 
gala, Verg. ; 2, on doors, bullas aureas omnea 
ex his valvis non dubitavit auferre, Cic. B. bulla 
aurea, a golden ornament, an amulet (of Etruscan 
origin), worn by triumphing generals and by 
boys of good family, laid aside by the latter 
when the toga virilis was put on ; hence dignus 
bulla = childish, Juv. 

bulla tus -a -um (bulla). I. inflated, bom* 
bastic, or perishable, transitory, Pers. II. Transf., 
1, furnished with a bulla, in the sense of a boss, 
knob, cingulum, Varr. ; 2, wearing the bulla, 
and consequently not yet arrived at years of 
discretion, heres, Juv. 

bullio, 4. (bulla), to well up, bubble up, boil' 
up, Pers. 

Bullis (Byllis) -Idis, f. an Illyrian town and 
district between Dyrrhachium and Apollonia; 
henco Bullldenses -ium, in. inhabitants of 
Bullis ; also Bulienses -Ium, m. and Bullini 
-drum, in. 

bumastus -i, f. a kind of vine bearing very 
large grapes, Verg. 

Bura -ae, f. (BoGpa), and Burls -is, f. a 
town in Achaia, forty stadia from the sea. 

Burdigala -ae, f. a town in Aquitania (now 

buris -is, m. the crooked hinder part of the 
plough, Vu b .- 

Busiris -rfdfs, m. (rWo-ipis), an old king / 
Egypt, who sacrificed all foreigners who came to his 

bustirapus -i, m. (bustum and rapio), a 
robber of tombs, Plaut. 

bustuai'ius -a -um (bustum), belonging to 
the place, where corj>ses were burned ; gladiator, 
one who fought? at a funeral pileinhonour of the 
dead, Cic. 

bustum -i, n. (from b'uro, old Lat. for uro). 

I. the place where corpses where burned, Luer. 

II. a grave, sepulchre. A. Lit, Cic. B. Fig., 
tu bustum reipublidae, the destroyer of tlie State, 
Cic. ; bustum miserabile nati, Tereus who ate 
his own son, Ov. ■ 

Buthrotum -i, n. and -tos -i, f. (BovOpurou 
and -to?), a town on the coast of Epints, opposite 
Corcyra, now Butrinto. 

buthysia -ae, f. (fiovdvaia), a sacrifice of oxen, 

Butrotus -i, iu. a river in Bruttium, now 

Buxentum -i, n. a town in Lucania, now 

buxifer -a -um (buxus and fero), producing 
tlie box-tree, Cat. 

buxus -i, f. and bUXUm i. n. (nvfos). I. 

I, the evergreen box-tree, Ov. ; 2, box-wood, Verg. 

II. Meton., articles made of box-wood — e.g.,jru/e, 
Verg. ; top, Verg. ; comb, Ov. ; writing-tablets, , 

Byrsa -ae, f. (BJpo-a), the citadel of Cartlutge, 

Byzantium -li, n. (BufdWioi'), Byzantium, 
a city in Thrace on the Bosphorus, opposite the 
Asiatic Chalcedon (now Constantinople). Adj., 
Byzantinus -a •um, Byzantius -a -um ' 




CC, the third letter of the Latin Alphabet, 
corresponding in place and originally in 
sound with the Greek V, y. At an eurly period 
it was substituted for K, which, except in a few 
instances, disappeared from the language. 

caballlnus -a -nm, belonging to a horse ; 
fons (in jest) = Hippocrene, Pers. 

caballus -i, in. a pack-horse, nag, Hor., Juv. 

Jabillonum -i, n. a town of the Aedui in 
Gallia Lugdunensis, now Ch&lons-sur-Sadne, 

C&birl -orum, m. (Ka/3eipoi), gods honoured 
by secret riUs in Lemnos and Samothrace. 

c&chinnatio -onis, f. a violent laxighing, 
cachinnation, Cic. 

1. cachinno, 1. (cachinnus), to laugh aloud; 
ridere convivae, cachinnare ipse Apronius, Cic. 

2. c&ohinno -dnis, m. (cachinnus), one who 
laughs heartily, a jester, Plaut; scoffer, Pers. 

C&Chir.miS -i. in. (Ka.yxao-y.6i), loud laughter, 
jeering; cachinuos irridentium commovere, Cic; 
poet, transf., the splashing of the sea, Cat. 

caco, 1. (kox6o>), 1, to void the excrement, Hor. ; 
2, to defile with excrement, Cat. 

cacoethes -is, n. (KaKonSa), an obstinate 
disease, an itch or incuruble passion ; scribendi, 
an incurable itch to write, Juv. 

cacula -ae, m. a soldier's or officer's servant, 

cacumen -Inls, n. 1, the extreme point, top, 
summit; montis, Cat. ; arboris, Verg. ; ramorum, 
Caes. ; 2, height, perfection ; alescendi, the 
greatest growth, Lucr. 

cacumino, 1. (cacumen), to point, make 
pointed, Ov. 

Caous -i, m. (Kaxot), son of Vulcan, an Italian 
tattle-robber slain by Hercules. 

cadaver -Sris (cado), n. a dead bodv. carcass, 
of men or animals. I. Lit., Cic; as a tei.n of re- 
proach, ab hoc ejecto cadavere quidquam mini ant 
opis aut ornainenti expetebaui, Cic. II. Transf., 
of the ruins of towns, cadavera oppidum, ap. Cic. 

cadaverosus -a -um (cadaver), like a corpse, 
cadaverous, Ter. 

Cadmus -i, in. (Kdfyxos), the son nf Agenor, 
Jcing of Phoenicia und brother of Europa; father 
of 1'olydorus, Ino, Semele, Autono'e, and Agave; 
founder of Thebes in Boeotia. Adj., Cadmeus 
-a -nm, Thebac, Prop. ; hence subst., Cadmea 
-ae, f. the citadel of Thebes, Nep. ; Cadmeis 
-Idis, f. arx, Theban, Ov. ; and subst., a female 
descendant of Cadmus, Ov. 

cado, cJcidi, casum, 3. to full. I. Gen., 
A. Lit., 1, of lifeless things, arma alicui cadunt 
de mauibus, Cic. ; of weapons, levins, with less 
violence, Caes.; of thunderbolts, caelo cadunt 
ftilmina, Petr. ; of dice, at (talus) cadat rectus, 
Cic. ; of sails, vela cadunt, are furled, Verg. ; of 
rain, snow, tears, and other liquids, gnttae 
cadentcs, Cic. ; of shadows, altis de montibus, 
Verg. ; of things which naturally fall— e.g., fruit, 
leaves, &c. ; motis poma cadunt ramis, Ot. ; 
barbacadit, Verg.; of the sun, stars, the day, etc., 
to set; sol cadens, poet., the west; juxta soleni 
cadentem, Verg. ; of winds, to be lulled; cadente 
jam euro, Liv. ; of words, to fall from the mouth; 
verba cadentia tollit, Hor. ; gram mat. and rhet. 
1. 1., to come to an end ; verba melius in syllabas 
longiores cadunt, Cic. ; 2, of living things, si 
prolapsus cecidisset, Liv. ; in terram, Cic. ; de 
equo, Cic. B. Transf., 1, of payments, to fall 
due ; in earn diem cadere nummos qui a Quinto 


debentur, Cic; 2, of perception, to fall to the 
notice of; sub oeulos, Cic. ; 3, to fall under a 
certain class; in idem genus orationis, Cic; 4, 
to fall under; in unius potestatem, Cic ; 5, to 
agree with, be consistent with; lion cadit in hos 
mores, non in nunc hominein ista suspicio, 
Cic; 6, to happen; si quid adversi casuruin 
foret, Liv. ; fortuito, Cic. ; male, Caes. ; cadere 
ad or in irritmn, to become of «o effect, Liv. ; in- 
speranti mihi cecidit ut, etc., Cic. ; 7, to fall, in 
power, honour, etc., tarn graviter, Cic. ; to lose 
or be cast in a law-suit, in judicio, Cic. ; causa, 
Cic. ; to lose courage ; non debenius ita cadere 
animis quasi, etc., Cic. II. Esp., A. to be de- 
stroyed ; non tota cadet Troja, Ov. B. Of per- 
sons, to be killed ; pauci de nostris cadunt, Caes. ; 
in acie, Cic. ; sua manu, to commit suicide, Tac. ; 
of the victims of a sacrifice, ovis cadit deo, Ov. 

caduce&tor -oris, m. (caduceus), a herald, 

caduceus -i, m. a herald's staff, Cic. ; the 
wand or staff of Mercury, Suet. 

caducifer -feri (caduceus and fero), he that 
bears the caduceus, surname of Mercury, Ov. ; 
abso!., Ov. 

cadUCUS -a -nm (cado), that which has fallen 
or is falling. I. A. Lit., hello, fallen. i)i war, 
Verg. B. Transf., legal t. t., bona, a legacji 
rendered void by the death or legal incapacity of 
the legatee, which fell to other heirs or to the ex- 
chequer, Cic; legatum onme.capis necnon et 
dulce caducum, Juv. II. A. Lit., inclined or 
ready to fall; 1, gen., vitis, Cic; flos, Ov. ; 2, 
esp., destined to die, devoted to death; juvenis, 
Verg. B. Transf., frail, perishable, transitory ; 
res humanae fragiles caducaeque, Cic. 

Cadurci -orum, m. a Gaulish people in Aqui- 
tania, famous for their linen manufactures; 
hence a, adj., Cadurcus -a, -um ; b, subst., 
Cadurcum -i, n. (sc. stragulum). A. a cover- 
let of Cadurcian linen. B. Meton., themarriage- 
bed, Juv. 

cadus -i, m. (xdSos), o vine jar ; capite sis- 
tere, to overturn, Plant.; meton., wine, Hor.; 
also used for other purposes, for honey, Mart. ; 
= urua, a funeral urn, Verg. 

Cadusii -orum, m. (KaSouViot), a warlike 
nation on the Caspian Sea. 

eaecias -ae, m. (koiki'oc), a north-east wind, 

caecigenus -a -um (caecus and gigno), bom 
blind, Lucr. 

Caecilius -a -um, name of a celebrated ple- 
beian gens, the most impoitant family of which 
was the Metelli ; of these the most illustrious 
were : 1, Qu. Caec. Metellus, praetor b.c. 14S, 
surnamea Macedonicus, for his conquests in Mace- 
donia; 2, his son, Qu. Caec Metellus, consul 
B.C. 123, snrnamed Balearicus for his victories 
over the Baleares ; 3, Caecilia, the daughter of 
Balearicus, the mother of the tribune Clodius : 
4, C. Caecilius Statins, Roman comic poet, con- 
temporary of Ennius, died about 108 B.C. Adj., 
Caecilius -a -um, Caecilian, lex (de ambitu), 
Cic. ; Caeciilanus -a -um, fabula, of Caecilius 
Statins, Cic. ; senex, In a play of the same, Cic. 

caecitas -atis, f. (caecus), blindness, Cic. ; 
fig., of the mind, an tibi luminis obesset caecitas 
plus quam libidinis ? Cic. 

caeco, 1. to make blind, Lucr. ; fig., largi- 
tione mentes imperitoruin, Cic. ; edentate cao- 
cata oratio, made obscure, Cic 

Caeciibum -i, n. and Caecubus ager, <i 

district in Lotium, famed for its wine ; hence adj., 
Caecubus -a -um, Caecutan; vinum Caeoubum 
and simply Caecubum, wine of Caecnbum, Hor. 




caeous -a -urn, adj. with compar.' I. Active. 

A. Lit., blind, not seeing ; ille qui caecus factus 
est, Cic. ; subst., apparet id etiam caeco, Liv. 

B. .Transf., intellectually or morally blind, 
blinded ; 1, of persons, caecus animi, Cic. ; 2, 
of passions, timor, Cic. II. Passive. A. Lit., 
1, of plaees that have no light, dark; domus, 
Cic. ; 2, of objects, appearances, etc., invisible, 
unseen; fores, Verg.; pericula, Cic. B. Transf., 

1, dark, unintelligible, unknown; fata, Hor. ; 

2, blind, uncertain, objectless; caeca cxpecta- 
tione, Cic. 

caedes -is, f. (caedo). A. a cutting off, a 
cutting down, killing, slaughter, carnage; a, caed- 
cm facerc, Cic. ; plur. multae et atroces inter se 
caedes, Liv.; b, killing of victims for sacrifice; 
bidentium, Hor. B. Meton., a, the persons 
slain; caedis acervi, Verg.; b, blood shed in 
slaughter, (currus) respersus fraterna cacde, Cat. 

caedo, cecidi, caesum, 3. to hew, fell, cut 
down, hew in pieces, strike, beat. I. A. januam 
saxis, Cic; aliqucin virgis, Cic; silvani, Caes. 
B. Transf., testibus caedi, to be hard pressed, 
Cic. II. A. to kill; consulem exercitumque, 
Liv. ; poet., caesi acervi, limps of the slain, Cat.; 
caesus sanguis, the blood of the slain, Verg. ; of 
sacrificial victims, hostias, Cic. B. to cut out, 
securibus humida vina (of wine when frozen), 
Verg. ; latius (murus) quam caederetur ruebat, 

caelamen -inis (caelo), n. a bas-relief, Ov. 

caelator -oris, in. (caelo), a chaser, graver, 
or carver, Cic. 

caelatura -ae, f. (caelo), the art of engraving 
or chasing, chiefly in metals or ivory, Quint. ; 
meton., an engraving, Suet. 

caelebs -libis, unmarried, single(of the man). 
I. A. Lit., se rectius viduam et ilium caelibem 
esse futurum, Liv. B. Meton., vita (of an un- 
married man), Hor. II. Transf., of trees, pla- 
tanus, to which >w vine is trained, Hor. 

caeles -Itis (caelum), heavenly; regna, Ov. 
Subst., a god, Ov. ; oftener in plur., caelites, 
the gods, Cic. 

caelestis -e (caelum), a, belonging to heaven, 
heavenly ; corpora, Cic. ; hence subst., caeles- 
tia -ium, n. things in heaven, the heavenly 
bodies, Cic ; b, coming from the heavens or seen, 
in the heavens ; aqua, Hor. ; spiritus, Cic. ; c, 
belonging to heaven as the seat of the gods, celestial, 
divine ; dii, Cic. ; sapientia, Cic. ; quern prope 
caelestem fecerint, whom tliey almost deified, Liv.; 
hence subst., caelestis -is, f. a goddess, Tib.; 
plur., m. and f. the gods, Cic. ; transf. for what is 
excellent, glorious, superhuman; ingeuium, Ov. 

caelibatus -us, m. (caelebs), celibacy, Suet. 

caelicola -ae, m. (caelum and colo), a 

dweller in heaven ; poet., a god, Verg. 

caelifer -fera -ferum, bearing the heavens; 
Atlas, Verg. 

CaellUS -a -urn. I. ncwie of a Roman ple- 
beian ge>is, the most celebrated members of which 
were: 1, C. Caelius Caldus, Roman orator and 
lawyer; 2, L. Caelius Antipater, annalist of the 
Second Punic War, contemporary of the Gracchi ; 

3, M. Caelius Rufus, intimate friend and client 
of Cicero. II. Caelius Mons, a hill in Rome 
south of the Palatineand cast of the Aventinc (now 
the Laieran). Adj. , CaeUanus -a -um, Caelian. 

caelo, 1. (1. caelum), 1, to tngravi or chase 
metals or ivory, to carve in. bafrelicf; specieru 
caelare argento, Cic. ; vasa caelata, Cic. ; 2, of 
poetry, caelatuin novem Musis opus, adorned 
by, Hor. 

1. caelum -i, n. (caedo), the burin or engrav- 
ing-tool, Mart, 

2. caelum -i, n. (connected with Gr. xolKot, 
hollow), 1, the heavens; caelum totum astris 
distinctum et ornatum, Cic. ; non de caelo de- 
missos, sed qui patrem ciere possent, Liv. ; cae- 
lum ac terras miscere, Liv. ; rindere caelum 
aratro, to do something impossible, Ov. ; hence, a, 
of a great height, it caelo clamor, Verg. ; juncta 
caelo montium juga, Liv. ; minari in caelum, 
Verg.; b, fig., as the height of joy, renown, 
etc., esse in caelo, Cic. ; aliquem or aliquid ferre 
ad or in caelum, Cic ; 2, the heavens, a, as the 
home of light, clouds, etc., caelum uocte atque 
nubibus obscuratum, Sail. ; de caelo cadere (of 
meteors), Liv. ; caelum discedit, light, Cic. ; ictus 
c caelo, Cic. ; b, the air, caelum liberuni, Cic. ; 
of climate, gravitas huius caeli, unlualthiness, 
Cic. ; caelum crassuin, Cic. ; 3, heaven as the 
home of the gods, de caelo delapsus, a mes- 
senger of the gods, Cic. ; non ad mortem trudi, 
verum in caelum videri escendere, Cic. ; quid 
ine caelum sperare jubebas, marriage with a god, 

CaelUS -i, m. = Caelum personified as a, god, 
son of Aether and Dies. 

caementum -i, n. (caedo), rough stone from 
V<e quarry, Cic. 

CcteneuS -ei, in. (K<ui/eu's), originally a 
maiden, daughter of Elatus, clianged by Neptum 
into a boy and then into a bird. 

Caenina -ae, f. (Kaivivt)), town in Latiwn; 
hence adj., Caoninensis -e and Caeninus 
-a -um, of or belonging to Caenina. 

oaenosus -a -um (caenum), muddy, Juv. 

caenum -i, n. (connected with in-quino), 
mud, dirt, filth ; male olere omue caenum, Cic. ; 
as a term of reproach, labes ilia atque caenum, 

caepa (cepa) -ae, f. and oaepe (cepe) -is, n. 
an onion, Hor. 

Caepib -onis, in. the cognomen of a patrician 
branch of the gens Scrvilia. 

Caere", n. indecl., and Cacres -Itis or -itis, 
f. a very old city of Etruria, whose inhabitants 
received the Roman citizenship, except the right of 
voting ; hence, Caeres -Itis and -etis. belonging 
to Caere; subst., Caerites or Caeretes -um, 
ru. the inliabitants of Caere; Caerite cera (i.e., 
tabula) digni = deserving of civic degradation, 

caerimonla -as, f. I. holiness, sacredness; 
deorum, Cic. ; legationis, Cic. II. 1, holy awe, 
reverence; sumina religione caarimoniaque sacra 
conlicerc, Cic. ; 2, religious usage, sacred cere- 
mony (gen. in plur.), Cic. 

Caeroesi -orum, m. a people in Gallia Belgica, 
near modern Luxemburg or Liittich. 

caerulSus (poet, caerulus) -a -um (con- 
nected with caesius). I. dark-coloured, dark 
blue, epithet of the sea and sky ; a, of the sky, 
caerula caeli, or simply caerula, the azure of the 
sky, Lucr., Ov. ; b, of the sea, aquae, Ov. ; 
caerula -orum, n. the sea, Enu. ; of sea-gods, 
deus, Neptune, Ov. ; mater, 1'hetis, Ov. ; equi, of 
Triton, Ov.; via, Ov. ; puppis, Ov.; c, of rivers, 
Thybris, Verg. ; d, of other things, angues, 
Verg. ; Germanorum pubes, blue- eyed, Hor. 
Subst., caeruleum -i, a blue colour, Plin. 
II. Poet., dark green, Ov. ; dark, Verg. 

Caesar -iris, m. a Roman family name of the 
gens Julia, the most famous of which were, 1, C. 
Julius Caesar, who conquered Pompeius, overthrew 
the power of the senate, was made Dictator with 
supreme power, and was murdered by Brutus and 
Cassius, 44 B.C. ; 2, his nephew, Octavius, who took 
his name, with the addition of Octavianus, and es- 
tablisheil the empire. After him all the emperors 
bore the name of Caesar with the title Augustus, 



till, under Hadrian, a distinction was made, and 
the reigning emperor was called Caesar Augustus, 
and the appointed heir Caesar. Adj., A. Cacs- 
arcus -a -mn, belonging to Julius Caesar; sang- 
uis, Ov. B. Caosarianus -a -uni, Caesarian ; 
subst. C'ae^ariani, the partisans of Caesar. C. 
. Caesariensis -c, Mauritania, the cast part of 
.Mauritania. D. Caesannus -a -um, 0/ 
(Julius) Caesar; celeritas, Cic. 

Caesarea -ae, f. (Knio-apetn), ??ame of several 
towns, 1, in Palestine; 2, in Mauritania Caesari- 
ensis; 3, in Cappadocia; 4, in Phoenicia. 

caesariatus -a -um (caesaries), long-haired, 

caesaries -ei, f. a bushy head of hair, Verg. ; 
barbae, the hair of the beard, Ov. 

caesim, adv. (caedo). A. with] cutting, with 
the edge of the sword (opp. to punctim, With the 
■point), petore hosteni, Liv. B. Transf.,of dis- 
course, in short sentences; membratim adhuc, 
deindo caesim dixiuius, Cic. 

oaesius -a -um, bluish grey, used of the 
colour of the eyes ; caesios oculos Minervae, 
caeruleos Neptuni, Cic. ; leo, with grey eyes, Cat. 

caespes (cespes) -itis (caedo), grass that has 
been cut. I. A. Lit. turf, used for altars, tombs, 
mounds; primum exstruendo tumulo caespitem 
Caesar posuit, Tac. ; plur., gladiis caespites 
circumcidere, Caes. ; non esse anna caespites 
neque glebas, Cic. B. Meton., a, a hv.t of turf, 
Hor. ; b, an altar of turf, Hor. ; c, ft clump of 
plants, verg. II. Transf. grassy sward; gra- 
miueus, Verg. 

1. caestus -us, m. (caedo), gauntlet for 
boxers, made of leathern thongs, Cic. 
! 2. caestus -i, in., v. cestus. 

caeterus, etc. ... v. ceterus, etc. 

Caicus -i, m. (KdtKos), ft river in Mysia flow- 
ing into the Sinus Ekaticus. 

Cajeta -ae (ami -e -es), f. I. the nurse of 
Aeneas. II. n town on the sea-coast, on t\e borders 
of-Latium and Campania, now Ga'eta. 

Cajus (poet. Caius), -i, in., and Caja -ae, 
f., 1, n common among the Romans. 
At a wedding, the bride and bridegroom were 
called by these names, and the bride said ubi tu 
Cajus, ego Caja; 2, the name of a celebrated 
Jiomiiu, jurist, more frequently written Gains, 
who flourished under the Alitonines at the 1" 
ginning of the second century. 

Calabri -drum, m. inhabitants of Calabria.; 
hence, Calaber -bra -brum, belonging to Cala- 
bria.; poet., Pierides, the poems of Ennuis, Hor. ; 
Calabria -ae, f. the peninsula at the south-east 
extremity of Italy. 

Calacte -es, f. (KaX*7j oki-i"), a town on the north 
coast of Sicily; hence, Calactinus -a um, of 
or belonging to Calacte. 

Cal&grurris -is, f. a town in Spain, now 
Loharre; hence Calagurrltani -oruni, m. 
the inhabitants ofCalagurris. 

Calais, ace. -in, abl. -i, 111. (KdAan) son of 
Boreas and Orithyia, brothers of Zeles, who accom- 
)■ itd the Argonauts and drove off the Harpies. 

Calamis -midis, 111. (KaAa^ts), one of the 
greatest sculptors of the age of Phidias. 

colr.mistor -tri, in*, and calamistrum 
-tri, n. (calamus). A. a curling-iron for the hair; 
frons calamistri notata vestigiis, Cic. B. Transf. 
excessive ornament or flourish indiscourne ; ineptis 
fortasse gratum fecit, qui volent ilia calamistrir. 
inurcre, Cic. 

calamlstratus -a -um, curled with the 
CVTling-irvn ; coma, Cic. ; saltator, Cic. 


cal&mitas -atis, f. A. damage, loss, failure, 
especially in agriculture, Cic. B. Transf. misfor- 
tune, damage, calamity, loss ; calami tatein tolerare, 
Cic. ; calamitate proliibere aliquem, Cic. ; plur., 
calamitates reipublicae; especially misfortune, 
reverse in war; Caniiensis ilia calamitas, Cic. 

calamitose, adv. (calamitosus), unfortunate- 
ly; vivere, Cic. 

calamitosus -a -um (calamitas), 1, act., 
causing loss, destructive ; tempestas, Cic; bellum, 
calamitous, Cic. ; 2, pass., suffering great loss, 
'miserable; agri vectigal, oppressive, Cic. ; homines 
miseri et fortuna magis quam culpa calamitosi, 

calamus -i, m, (xdAajuos), I. a reed. A. 
Lit., Ov. B. Metou., various articles made of 
reed, a writing reed, j;e», Cic. ; ft reed-pipe, Pan- 
pipe, Verg. ; an arrow, llor. ; a fishing-rod, Ov. ; 
« limed twig for folding, Prop. II, any reed- 
shaped stalk, Verg. 

calathiscus -i, nv (dim. of calathus), a small 
■wicker basket, Cat. 

calathus -i, m. (Kd\a9o$), 1, a wicker bas- 
ket, used for fruit or flowers, Verg. ; for spin- 
ning, Ov. ; 2, ft vessel of similar form of metal or 
wood; a cheese-basket, Verg.; a wine-bowl, Verg. 

Calatia -ae, and Calatiae -arum, f. a E< ion 
in Campania. Adj., Calatinus -a-uni, Calu- 


calator -oris, m. (1. calo), a servant, attendant 
upon priests, Suet. 

calautica -ae, f. a kind of female headdress 
with pendent lappets, Cic. 

calcaneum -i, n. the heel, Verg. (?). 

calcar -avis, n. (calx), ft'spio - . I. Lit. equo 
calcaria subdere, Liv. ; equum calcaribus couci- 
tarc, Liv. ; prov.-, addere calcaria sponte cur- 
rcnti, to S}mr the willing horse, Plin. II. Transf. 
stimulus, incitement; admovere, Cic; gen. in 
plur., alter frenis eget, alter calcaribus, Cic; 
calcaria adhibere, Cic. 

calceamentum -i, n. (calceo), a covering 
for the foot; calceamentum sclonim callum, Cic. 

calcearium -i, n. (calceus), shoe money, 
calceatus -us, 111. i= oalccamentum (q.v.). 

calceo, 1. to shoe, provide with shoes; homines 
non satis commode calceati et vestiti, Cic. 
calceolarius -i, in. (calceolus), a shoemaker, 


calceolus -i, m. (dim. of calceus), a half 
shoe, Cic. 

calceus -i, m. (calx, the heel), a shoe, dis- 
tinguished from the sandal (solea) as covering 
the whole foot, Cic; calcei Sicyouii, of Samian 
leather, Cic. ; (as the Romans took off their shoes 
when reclining at dinner), calceos poscere = tn 
rise from table, Plin.; calceos mutare, to become 
a senator (from a particular kind of shoe worn 
only by senators), Cic. 

CalciU' a (Calcas) -antis, ace. -antem and 
-anta, in. (KdAx«?), son of Thestor, sootlisayer to 
the Greeks before Troy. 

Calckedon -cmis and -ouos, ace -onem and 
-5na, f. (XaKK-g&iov), town in Bithynia on thc_Pro- 
pontis, opposite Byzantium. Adj., Calched.6- 
nius -a -um., Catchedonian. 

calclo - calceo (q.v.). 

calcitratus -as, m. a kicking, Plin. 

1. calcltro, 1.(1. cilix). -A. Lit. to strike' 
with the heel, kick, Plin. B. Transf. to oppose- 
perversely and obstinately, Cic. 

2. calcltro -onls, m. (1. caleitro), a /'W.r, 
Varr. ; of men, ft bully, blusterer, Plin, ; • 




ealco, 1. (1. calx), to tread, to tread upon. 

I. Gen. A. Lit. aliquem pede, Tac. B. Transf., 

a, to trample under foot, conquer ; aiuorem, Ov. ; 

b, to mock, insult, Prop. II. Esp. A. to tread 
upon (grapes) in the wine-press; uvas, Ov. B. 
to stamp, compress, Verg. C. to visit (a place); 
viaui, nor. 

calculator -oris, m. a calculator, bookkeeper, 
accountant, Mart. 

calculus -i, in. (dim. of 2. calx), alittle stone, 
pebble. I. Gen., Cic. ; collectively, gravel, Verg. 

II. Esp., a, apiece used in the Roman game of 
Latrunculi or Duodecim scripta ; calculum redu- 
cere, to retract a wore, Cic. ; b, a voting pebble, 
a white one being thrown into the urn to ac- 
quit or to affirm, a black one to condemn or to 
negative; album calculum adjicere errori nostra, 
Plin. ; c, a counter for reckoning, hence a calcu- 
lation ; ad calculos vocare aliquid, to subject to 
a strict reckoning, Cic. 

caldus = calidus (q.v.). 

Caledones -um, ace. -as, in. the inhabitants 
of Caledonia. Hence A. Caledonia -ae, f. the 
north-west of Scotland. B. Adj., CaledoniUS 
-a -um, Caledonian. 

calefacio (calfacio) -feci -factum, 3., pass. 
calefio (calfio) -factus sum -fieri. A. Lit., 
to make warm, heat; 1, of things, baliueum 
callieri jubebo, Cic. ; 2, of animals, corpus, Cic. 
B. Transf., to disturb, excite; Gabinium ad 
popnlum luculente calefecerat Mummius, Cic. ; 
calefacta corda tumultu, Verg. 

calefacto, 1. (inteus. of calefacio), to make 
warm, heat, Hor. 

Calendae (Kalendae)-arum, f. (from calare, 
to call, the calends being the day on which the 
times of the Nones and the festivals were pro- 
claimed),- 1, the first day of the month; Cal. 
Februariae, the first of February; femineae Calen- 
dae, the first of March, the day of the Matronalia, 
when Roman matrons sacrificed to Juno, Juv. ; 
on the calends, interest of money was paid ; 
hence tris'tes Calendae — i.e., for debtors — Hor. ; 
as there were no calends in the Greek year, ad 
Graoeas Caleudas solvere = never to ixiy, Suet. ; 
2,- month, Ov. 

Calenus, v. Calcs. 

caleo -ui, 2. (connected with kou'w), to be 
warm, hot, to glow. I. Lit., A. Of physical 
heat, ignis calet, Cic. ; centum Sabaeo ture 
Client arae, Verg. ; tcrrae alio sole calentcs, 
Hor. B. Of animal heat, os calet tibi, Plaut. 
II. Transf., A. Of persons, to be inflamed, 
aroused, excited ; calebat in agendo, he was all 
fire in acting, Cic. ; Romani calentes adhuc ab 
receuti pugua, Liv. ; cupidine laudis, Ov. ; so 
of love, to be in love with; juvene, femina, Hor. 
B. Of things, 1, to be urged on zealously ; indicia 
caleut, Cic. ; res calet, is ripe for execution, Cic. ; 
2, to be yet warm, fresh of interest; illud crimen de 
minimis caluit re receuti, Cic. 

Cales -ium, f. town in Campania, famous for 
its wine, now Calvi. Adj., Calenus -a -um, of 
or belonging to Coles. 

calcsc o, 3. (inch, of caleo), to become warm, 
to grow hot; calescere vel apricatione vel igni, 
Cic. ; tunc priinum radiis gelidi caluere triones, 
Ov. ; tig., of love, quo proplor nunc es, fiamma 
propiore calesco, Ov. 

Calcti -oruin and Caletea -um, m. a Gallic 
tribe in Normandy on the Seine. 

caliandrum -i, n. v. caliendrum. 

calide, adv., with superl. (calidus), warmly, 
speedily, Plaut. 

palldus (caldus) -a -um, ivarm, hot. A, Lit, 

dies, Cic. Subst., a, callda -ae, f. (sc aqua), 
warm water, Plin. ; b, calidum -i, n. warm win* 
and water, Plaut. B. 1, hot] fiery, \mssionate, 
violent; equus, Verg.; calidus juventa, Hor.; 
consilium calidum, Cic. ; 2, quick, speedy, Plaut. 

caliendrum -i, n. « head-dress of Iiotwn 
women, Hor. 

caliga -ae, f. (connected with calceus and 
calx, heel), a stout slioe, esp. soldier's shoe, Cic. 

caligatus -a -um, wearing tlie caliga; call- 
galum venire, booted and spurred, Juv, Subst. 
Ul., a common soldier, Suet. 

caliginosus -a -um (1. caligo). I. Lit., 
foggy, misty ; caelum nebulosum et caliginosum, 
Cic. II. Transf, da/7:; uox, the unknown future, 

1. caligo -luis, f. I. fog, mist, vapour; fulvae 
nubis caligo crassa, Verg. II. Meton., dark- 
ness. A. Lit., 1, gen., tetrae tenebrae et caligo, 
Cic. ; 2, esp., mist before the eyes ; aliquid cer- 
uere quasi per caliginem, Cic. B. Trausf., 1, 
menial darkness, dxdness; haec indoctorum aui- 
mis ott'usa caligo, Cic; 2, calamity; superioris 
anni caligo et tenebrae, Cic. ; 3, gloominess, 
sadness, Cic. 

2. caligo, 1. (1. caligo). I. to spread a dark 
mist around, Verg.; meton., caligantes fenestrae, 
making dizzy, Juv. II. to be dark; caligans 
lucus, Verg. II. Esp., of the eyes, to be misty; 
caligant oculi, Lucr. ; transf, to be in darkness, 
Plin. ; pro v., caligare in sole, to grope in daylight, 

Caligula -ae, m. (dim. of caliga, lit., a little 
soldier's shoe), nickname of C. Caesar, the third 
Roman Emperor, so called because when a boy in 
the camp of his father Germanicus lie was dressed 
as a com) .on soldier. 

callx leis, m. (ftvAif), 1, a goblet, drinking 
vessel; calix mulsi, Cic. ; 2, a cooking vessel, Ov. 

Callaeci (Gallaeci) -oru'm, in. a people in the 
north-west of Spain. Hence' Callaecia (Gal- 
laecia) -ae, f.,' the country of the Callaeci; adj., 
Callaecus -a -um and Callaicus -a -um. 

calico, 2. (callum). I. to be thick-skinned, 
Plaut. II. Transf., A. Iutransit., to be clever, 
experienced, ap. Cic. ; USD alicuius rei, Liv. B. 
Transit., to know by experience, understand; 
Poenoruin jura, Liv. 

Callicratidas -ac, m. (KaAXiKpaTi'Sas), a 
Spartan commander, killed at the battle qf At- 

Callicula -ae, f. a small hill in Campania. 

callide, adv. (callidus), in a good sense, 
cleverly; in a bad sense, cunningly, slyly; callide 
arguteque dicere, Cic. ; omnia decreta eius peri- 
tissime et callidissime venditare, Cic. 

calliditas -atis, f. I. In a good sense, ex- 
pert uess, cleverness; viucere omnes calliditate 
et celeritate iugenii, Nep. II. More frequently 
in a bad sense, cunning,' craft, artifice; scientia 
quae est remota ab justitia calliditas potius 
quam sapientia appellauda, Cic. ; stratagem in 
war, Liv.; iu oratory, artifice; genus eiusmodi 
calliditatis atque calumniae, Cic. 

callidus -a -um (calleo), 1, clever by reason 
of experience, dexterous, skilful, sly, cunning; 
a, absol., agitator (equi), Cic;artifex, Cic; legum 
scriptor peritus et callidus, Cic. ; a connoisseur 
in art, Hor. ; b, with ad and the ace, ad fraudem, 
Cic. ; c, with in and the abl., in dicendo vehe- 
menset callidus, Cic; d, with the genit. r reiniili- 
talis, Tac; e, with the abl., homines. callidi 
usu, Cic;; 2, of things, cunningly or slyly de- 
vised'; audacia, Cic; niwis callida juris inter* 
pretatlo, too subtle, Cic. 
Callifae -arum, f, a town \n Samniunu 




Callimiichus -i, in. (KaAAi>oxos), a. cele- 
brated Greek poet of Cyrene. 

CaUIope -es, f. (KaWtotrri, the beahtiful- 
voiced), and Calliopca -ae, f. I. Calliope, the 
Muse of epic poetry, or of poetry in general, Hot., 
Ov. II. Meton., 1, vos, O Calliope, etc.oH the 
Muses collectively, Verg. ; 2, poetry, Ov. 

CallipollS -is, f. (KaAAuroAi?). I. a town on 
the Thrucian Chersonese, now Gallipoli. II. a 
town in the Tuuric Cliersonesc. 

Callirrhde -es, f. (KaAXipporj), 1, daughter of 
Hie river Achelous, wife of Alcmaeon; 2, a well 
it Athens, on the south side of the Acropolis. 

callis -is, m. ami (in prose, gen.) f. a narrow 
track, footpath, cattle track; Italiac calles ct pas- 
toruin stabula, Cic. 

CallistheneS -is, in. (KaAAt<70eV?;s), a philo- 
sopher of Olynthus, who accompanied Alexander 
the Great into Asia, and died a violent death there. 

CallistO -fis, f. (KaAAicrno), daughter of the 
A rcadian king Lycaon, mother of Areas by Jupiter, 
changed by Juno into a bear, and placed by Jupiter 
among the stars as Ursa Major or Helice. 

callosus -a -nm (callum), having a hard 
»':!)!, hard; ova, Hor. 

callum -i, n. and callus -I, m. I. the hard 
skin of animals ; calceamentum callum solorum, 
Cic. II. Transf., insensibility ; ipse labor quasi 
callum quoddam obducit dolori, Cic. ; quorum 
animis diuturna cogitatio callum vetustatis ob- 
duxerat, Cic. 

1. C&lo, 1. (xaA<2>), to call, summon; t.t. of 
i rligious ceremonies, Quint. ; coinitia calata, an 
assembly of the etiriat for merely' formal business, 

2. calo -finis, m. (perhaps contr. tor caballo, 
from caballus), a horse-boy, groom, a litter-bearer,- 
Cic. ; a soldier's slave, camp-menial, Caes. 

1. calor -oris, in. (caleo), warmth, he/it. I. 
Pliys.i A. Geu., vis frigoris et caloris, Cic. B. 
Esp., heat of the sun or day; vitaudi caloris causa 
Lanuvii trcs boras acquieveram, Cic. ; calores 
inaximi, Cic. ; niediis caloribus, in full summer, 
Liv. C. heat of a hot wind ; calores austrini, 
Verg. IL animal heat. A. Lit., Tib. B. Transf., 
love, Ov., Hor. 

2. C&lor -oris, m. a river in Samnium, now 

Calpe -es, f. (KdAjnj), one of the pillars of 
Hermles, now Gibraltar. 

Calpurnius -a -uni, name of a Roman ple- 
beian gens, the families of which bore the. names of 
Flamraa, Aspreuas, Piso, Bestia, Bibulus. The 
most remarkable of this gens were : 1, C. Calp. 
Piso, praetor and propraetor in Spain, 1S6 a.c. ; 
2, L. Calp. Piso, consul in 112 a.c. ; 3, L. Calp. 
Frugi, tribune 149 a.c, consul 133 a.c; 4, L. 
Calp. Bestia, tribune 121, consul 111, and general 
ugai)ist Jugurtha ; 5. L. Calp. Bibulus, step-son 
of M. Brutus; 6, C. Calp. Piso, son-in-laiv of 
Cicero; 7, L. Calp. Piso Caesonius, father-in-law 
of Caesar ; 8, Calpurnia, wife of Caesar ; 9, T. 
Calp. Siculus, Roman bucolic poet of third century 
a.c. Adj., Calpumian, Calpurnia lex; a, de 
repetundis of L. Calp. Piso Frugi ; b, de am- 
bitu of the consul C. Calp. Piso. 

caltha -ae, f. a plant, prob. the common mari- 
gold, Verg. 

calthula -ae, f. (caltha), a woman's robe of a 
yellow colour, Plaut. 

calumnia -ae, f. (Old Lat. calve>e, con- 
nected with carpere), trick, artifice, chicane, craft; 
a, Gen., inimicorum calumuia, Cic. ; religionis 
caluniuia, deceitful pretence, Cic; calumniam 
adhibere, Cic; in hac calumuia Unions, mis- 

giving caused by ill-grounded fear, Cic. ; b, esp., 
false accusation, malicious prosecution ; calumuia 
litium alicnos fnndos petere, Cic. ; calumniam 
jurare, to swear that an accusation is not malici- 
ous, Cic; meton., action for false accusation; 
calumniam private judicio non elfugere, Cic. 

calumniator -oris, m. (calumnior), an in- 
triguer, pettifogger ; scriptum sequi calumni- 
atoris esse ; boni judieis, voluntatem scriptoria 
auctoritatemque defendere, Cic. 

calumnior, 1. dep. (calumuia), to contrive 
tricks, to attack with artifices; jacet res in con- 
troversiis isto calumniante biennium, Cic. ; 
calumniabar ipse ; putabam, etc., / made mysel/ 
unnecessarily anxious, Cic. 

calva -ae, f. (calvus), the bald scalp of the 
head, Liv. 

calveo, 2. to be bare of hair, bald, Plin. 

Calvisms -li, m. Roman name, 1, C. Calv. 
Sabinus, legate of Caesar; 2, CalvLsius, the ac- 
cuser of Agrippina, the mother of Nero. 

CalvJtieS -ei, f. (calvus), baldness, Suet. 

calvitium -li, n. (calvus), baldness, Cic. 

calvor, 3. dep. to form intrigues, deceive, 

calvus -a -um, bald, without hair, Plaut. 

Calvus, the name of a family of the gens 
Licinia, v. Licinius. 

1. calx -cis, f. the heel ; certare pugnis, cal- 
cibUB, Cic. ; calcem terere calce, to tread close on 
the heels, Verg. ; calces remittere, to kick, Nep. ; 
prov., adversus stimulum calces (sc. jactare), to 
Kick against the pricks, Ter. 

2. calx -cis, f. and (rarely) m. (xdAif ), a stone. 
I. a pebble used as a counter in various games, 
Plant. II. lime, chalk; lintribus in earn in- 
sulam materiam, calcem, caementa convehere, 
Cic. ; as the goal in a racecourse was marked 
witli chalk, meton. = « goal, end (opp. carceres, 
the starting-point) ; quibuscum tainquam e car- 
ceribus emissus sis, cum iisdem ad calcem, ut 
dicitur, pervenire, Cic. ; ad carceres a calce ro- 
vocari, to turn back from the end to the begin- 
ning, Cic 

CilyeadnuB -i, m. (KaAvKaim). I. a river 
in CiUcia. II. promontory in Cilicia at the 
mouth of the river of the same name. 

Calydon -Onis, f. (KaAvSwV), a very ancient 
city in Aetolia. Hence adj., 1, Calydonius -a 
•nm, Calydonian ; lieros, Meleager, Ov. ; amnis, 
the Achelous, Ov. ; rcgna, the kingdom of Dio- 
medes in Lower Italy, Ov.; sus, ajier, the bmr 
slain by Meleager, Mart. ; 2, Calyddnis -Wis, 
f. Calydonian; subst.= Deianira, Ov. 

Calypso -us, ace -o. f. (Ka\i/i//w), a nymph, 
daughter of Atlas, who entertained Ulysses in the 
■island ifOrtygia, and kept him there seven y&irs. 

camara = camera (q.v.). 

Camarina (Cairn'rina) -ae, f. (Kafia'pwa), 
town in the south-west of Sicily, now Camcrina or 

Cambur.ii montes, m. mountains forming 
the boundary bcticeen Thcssaly and Macedonia. 

Cambysis -is, m. (Kou^i/ot)?), 1, husband of 
Mandane, father of Cyrus the Elder ; 2, son and 
successor of Cyrus the Elder. 

camslla -ae, f. (dim of camera), a kind of 
goblet, Ov. 

camslus -i, m. and f. (j«ifir)Aos), a camel, Cic. 

Ciraena (Camoena), -ae, f. (from car.o, orig. 
casmena, then carmena), gen. plur. the prophesy- 
ing goddesses of springs, in later times identiued 
with the Greek Muses ; meton., poetry, Hor. 

camera (camara) -ae, f. (ic<ip.dpo), 1^ a vaulted 


dumber, vault, Cic; 2, a kind of fiat covered 
boat, Tac. w 

Cameria -ae, f. aud Camerium -H, n. 
(own fn Latium. Adj., Camerinus -a -urn, of 
or belonging to Cameria. 

Camillus -i, in. cowmen 0/ several members 
of the gens Furia, the most famous of whom, M. 
Furina Camillus, took Veil, and freed Rome from 
the Gauls. Appell., a. saviour of one's country; 
liovus Camillus, Liv. 

caminus -i, m. (ndaivos), 1, a forge, Oy. ; 
pvov., semper ardente camino, with ceaseless in- 
dustry, Juv. , 2, afire-place, Hor. ; meton., ./ire ; 
lueulentus, Cic. ; prow, oleum addere camino, 
ro aggravate an evil, Hor. 

cammarus -i, m. (xa/xjiapos), a craw, lobster, 

Campania -ae, f. (campus, cf. Fr. cham- 
pagne, the level country), a district of Central 
Italy, the capital of which was Capua, now Terra 
di Lawn. Adj., Campanus -a -um, Campa- 
nian; via, a by-road connected with the ma 
Appia, Suet. ; morbus, a kiml of wart on the face 
common in Campania, Hor.; pons, the bridge 
over the Savo (Haona), Hor. ; colonia, Capua, 
Cic; arrogantia, Cic. Subst., Campani -orum, 
111. the inhabitants of Campania, Cic. 

campester -tria -tre (campus), 1, relating 
to level country, flat ; loca campestna, Liv. ; iter, 
march in a level country, Caes. ; hence subst., 
campestria -ium, n. a plain, Tac; 2, a, relat- 
ing to the Campus Martius and its gymnastic exer- 
cises; Indus, Cic; hence subst., campestre -is, 
II. (sc. velamentum), ci covering worn by wrestlers 
round their loins, Hor. ; b, relating to the 
comitia; certamen, Liv.; quaestus, Cic. 

campus -i, m. (connected with k^tto?), 1, a 
flat spot, a plain; campos et montes peragrare, 
Cic. ; hence, a meadow, field ; herbidus aquosus- 
que, Liv. ; field of battle, Liv. ; poet., a level 
surface of any kind, the sea, Verg. ; so of the level 
surface of a rock, Verg. ; 2, the Campus, or Camp- 
us Martins at Rome, the place of meeting of the 
comitia centuriata ; hence metou., the comitia, 
fors doinina campi, Cic. ; also used as a place of 
exercise, Cic. ; meton., any free space, field, or 
theatre of action ; quum sit campus, in quo ex- 
sultare possit oratio, Cic 

Camulodunum -i, n. a town of tlie Trino- 
lantes in Britain, now Colchester. 

camur -a -um (connected with k6.)i.tttiS), 
lwokcd, curved, Verg. 
Canace -es, f. (Kai'i<n), daughter of Aeolus. 
Canae -arum, f. a coast town in Aeolis, now 

canalis -is, m. (orig. adj. of canna, in the 
shape of a reed), a waterpipe, channel, canal, Verg., 

canarius -a -um (canis), relating to a dog, 
canine, Plin. Adj. prop., Canaria (insula), 
one of the Happy Islands in the Atlantic ; plur. 
Canarlae, the Canaries. 

cancelli -orum, m. (dim. of cancer), a lattice, 
grating, or trellis-work. A. Lit., ton, the bar 
of a tribunal, Cic. B. Transf., bounds, limits; 
extra cancellos egredi, Cic. 

cancer -cri, m. (connected with xapKiVos). 
A. the crab, the sign of the zodiac in which the sun 
is at the summer solstice, Ov. B. Meton., a, the 
south, Ov. ; b, summer heat, Ov. 

Candavla -ae, f. (Kaveaovia), a mountainous 
district of Illyria. 

candefacio -feci -factum (caudeo and facio), 
to make of a shining white, Plaut. 
f.andela -ae, f. (candeo), 1, a wax or tallow 

81 can 

candle, taper; candelam apponere valvis, to set 
the house on fire, Juv. ; 2, a rope coated with wax 
to preserve it from decay; fasces involuti candelis, 

candelabrum -i, n. (candela), a candle- 
stick, candelabrum, Cic. 

candeo -fli, 2. (from caneo as ardeo from 
areo). A. to be of a shining white, to shine, glitter; 
candet ebur soliis, Cat. B. Esp., to glow with 
heat ; candente carbone, Cic. 

candesoo, 3. (inch, of caudeo), 1, to begin 
to shine, Ov. ; 2, to begin to glow with heat, Lucr. 
candidatoriua -a -um, relating to a candi- 
date ; munus, Cic. 

candidatus -a -um (Candidas), cloihed in 
white, Plant. Subst., candidatus -1, m. o 
candidate for office, who, among the Romans, was 
always clothed in white; cousulans, for the con- 
sulship, Cic. 

candide.adv. (candidus), l,in white, Plaut.; 
2, clearly, candidly, ap. Cic. 

candldiilus -a -um, (dim. of candidus), 
shining, dazzling; dentes, Cic. 

candldUS -a -um (candeo), shining white, 
qlittering white (albus, dead white). I. Lit,.a, 
lilia, Verg. ; tunicae linteae, Liv. ; tentona, Uv. ; 
candidumaltanive Soracte, Hor. ; hence subst., 
candidum -i, »■ white colour, Ov. ; candidum 
ovi, the white of the egg, Plin. ; b, of the hair of 
beard, silver white, silver grey, barba, \erg.; c, 
of the body, snow-white, corpora (Gallorum), 
Liv. ; brachia candidiora nive, Ov. ; oj dazzling 
beauty; puer, Hor.; of animals, avis, the stork, 
Ver".; of deities, Bassareus, of heavenly beauty, 
Hor. ; d, of the stars or the day, bright ; luna, 
Ver" ; dies, Ov. ; e, of the white toga of candi- 
dates, Cic. ; f, of a white stone, (a) candida sen- 
ten tia, an acquittal, Ov.; (fi)asign ofaluckyday; 
candidiore or candidissimo calculo notare diem, 
Cat. II. Transf., a, of time, happy ; bora, Ov.; 
b of writing, clear, lucid ; genus dicendi, Cic. ; 
of character, honest, straightforward ; pau- 
peris ingenium, Hor. 

candor -oris m. (candeo), dazzling white 
colour. I. Of raint, fucati medicamenta can- 
doris et ruboris, Cic. II. As a quality, white- 
ness, lustre. A. candor marmoreus, Lucr. ; 1, 
of the body, candor huius et procentas, CIC. ; 
2, of the sun or stars, solis, Cic. ; of the Milky 
Way via candors notabilis ipso, Ov. B. 
Tiaii'sf., of character, sincerity, candour; annul, 

canens -entis, partic. of caneo and cano. 
caneo -ui, 2. (from canus, as albeo from 
albus) to be white or hoary ; tempoiibus geminis 
canebat sparsa senectus, Verg. ; gramma caner.t, 
of dew, Verg. ; partic. canens, hoary. 

canephoros -i, f. (icai^opo?), a basket-bearer, 
and plur. canephoroe (xani^opoi), statues by 
Greek sculptors representing Athenian maidens 
bearing sacrificial baskets. 

canesco, 3. (inch, of caneo), to become white 
or hoary. I. canescuntaequora, Ov. II.Transt., 
to become old, Ov. ; fig., quum oratio nostra jam 
canesceret, Cic 

canicula -ae, f. (dim. of canis). I. A. a little 
dog, Plin. B. Appell., a violent woman, Plaut. 
II. A. the dog-star, Sinus; canicula exontur, 

Cic. ; sitiens, Hor. B. the worst throw upon the 
dice, all aces, Pers. 

caninus -a -ura (cauis). A. rcliiir.g to a 
dog, canine; lac, Ov. B. Transf., 1, httera, the 
letter R, Pers. ; 2, of character, snarling, spite- 
ful; lutrare caniua verba in foro, Ov. 

canis -is, c. a dog. I. Lit., venatlcus, Cic; 
alere canes in Capitolio, Cio. ; cave canem, of- 

can 82 

yxm of the dog, inscription on a house-door, 
Varr. ; prov., cane pejus et angue vitare, Hor. 
II. Transf., a, as a term of reproach, a mali- 
cious, spiteful }*r.<">i ; of accusers, Cic. ; a para- 
Bite, hanger-on ; Clodianua cauis, Cic. ; b, as a 
star, canis major, Verg. ; canis minor, Ov. ; c, 
the sea-dog, Plin.; canes, the dogs qfScylla, Verg. ; 
d, in dice, the worst throw; canes damnosi, 

canlstra -orum, n. (Kdvao-rpa.), a bread, fruit, 
or fiov:er basket, Cic. 

canities, ace. -ein, abl. -e, f. (canus). A. a 
whitish-grey colour, esp. of the hair. B. Meton., 
grey hair, Verg. ; old age, Hor. 

canna -ae, f. (ndwa). A. a reed ; palustris, 
Ov. B. Metou., a reed-pipe, Ov. ; a small boat, 

cannabis -is, ace. -Jin, abl. -i, f., (KdwaPn)., 
cannabus -i, m., cannabum -i, n. hemp, 

Cannae -arum, f. a small town in Apulia, near 
the Aulidus, scene of a defeat of the Romans by 
Hannibal 2lti a.c. Adj., Cannensis -e, of or 
belonging to Cannae, prov., pugua, any disastrous 
slaughter (e.g., Vie proscription of Sulla), Cic. 

cano, cecini, cantuin, 3. tosing. I. Intransit. 
A. 1, of men, voce, Cic; ad tibiciuein, Cic; 
in oratory of a sing-song delivery, inelinata 
ululantique voce more Asiatico :anere, Cic. ; 
2, of animals, of the cock, to crow, Cic. ; of 
frogs, to croak, Plin. B. to play ; 1, of men, 
lidibus, Cic. ; canere receptui, to sound the signal 
for retreat, Liv. ; 2, of instruments, tubae cornu- 
aque cecmernnt, Liv. ; classicum canit, Liv. 
II. Transit., A. tosing with the voice; 1, carmen, 
Cic; 2, a, to sing of, to celebmte in song; ad 
tibiam clarorum virorum laudes atque virtutes, 
Cic; b, of animals, to give wwiti, , b i a cry ; 
anser Gallos adesse cancbat. B. to play on a 
musical instrument ; signum canere, Liv.; prov., 
hoc carmen hie tribunus plebis non vobis, sea 
sibi intus canit, thinks only of his own advantage, 
Cic. C of gods, oracles, seers, '" prophesy; ut 
haee quae Hunt canere dii immortales viderentur, 
Cic; with aec and intin., to mihi mater, veridica 
interpret deum, auctnruui caeleatium nuincruni 
cecinit, Liv.; <>f fame, to announce ; fama facta 
atquo infect-a canens, Verg. 

Canopns -i, m. (K«r<.>po?), a city in Lower 
Egypt, hence nietoil., Lower Kgyipt, Verg., and 
Egypt generally, Juv. Adj., C&nopcus -a -um, 
of or belonging to Canopns ; Canopitac -arum, 
m. inhabitants of Canopns, Cic. 

canor -Oris, in. (cano), melody, song, sound; 
Martius aeris rauei, Verg. 

canortlS-a -um (canor), melodious, hannoni- 
ous, sweet-sounding. L Xcut., profluensqniddam 
habuit Curbo et eanoruni, Cic. ; so of a fault iu 
delivery, of a sing-song pronunciation ; vox nee 
hnguens uec canora, Cic. Siibsi, canorum 
-i, n. harmonious sound, Cic. II. Act., of men, 
orator, Cic; of animals, ales, the swan, Hor.; 
gallus, Cic. ; of instruments, acs, the trumpet, 

Cant&bri -orum, m. (Kavrdfipoi), a people in 
the north of Spain, not subdued till the reign of 
Augustus. Sing, Cantaber -bri, m. Cantab- 
rian; hence, CantSbria -ae, f. (Kavrafipia), 
the country of the Cnntabri; adj., Cantabricus 
-l -um, Cantabrian. 

cantamen-inis.n. (canto), incantation, Prop. 
' cantator -oris, tu. " stnger, Mart. 

. canterinus (cantherinus) -a -um (cantenus), 
relating to a horse, equine, Plaut. 

canterius (canthfrius) -i, m. (perhaps nav- 
frjAioj), a beast of burden, a gelding, nag, C15.; 


cantherms in fossa, a person in a helpless condi* 
tion, Liv. ; meton., an impotent person, Plant. 

cantharis -idis, f. ((co-opt?), a beetle, the 
Spanish fly, Cic. 

CanthaniS -i, m. (Karflapos), 1, a large gullet 
with handles, a tankard, Plaut. ; 2, a kind oj 
sea-Jish, Ov. 

ennthus -i, in. («at-0o?), the tire of a wheel ; 
meton., a wheel, Pers. 

canticum -i, n. (cano), 1, a scene in the 
Roman comedy, enacted by one person and ac- 
companied by music and dancing, Cic; canti- 
cuni ageie, Liv. ; 2, a. song, Mart. ; a sijig-song 
delivery in an orator, Cic. 

cantilena -ae, f. an old song, twaddle, chatter; 
ut crebro mihi insusurret cantilenam suam, Cic. 

cantio -onis, f. (cano), 1, a song, Plaut. ; 2 V 
an incantation, enchantment ; veneiicia et can- 
tiones, Cic. 

cantito, 1. (freq. of canto), to sing repeat- 
edly ; earmina in epulis, Cic. 

Cantium -ii, n. (Kivnov), a district on ti.e 
south-east coast of Britain, now Kent. 

cantiuncula -ae, f. (dim. of cantio), a flat- 
tering, enticing song ; si eaiitiunculis tantus vir 
irretitus teneretur, Cic. 

canto -avi -fitum -are (intens. of cano), to 
sing or play. I. Intransit. A. Of the Voice, to 
sing.; 1, of nan, ad manum histrioni, to sing 
and play to the dumb-shov> of an actor, Cic. ; 2, 
of birds, cantantes aves, Prop. ; of the cock, to 
crovj, Cic. B. to play on an instrument ; avenis, 
Ov. ; of the instrument itself, bueina, Ov. 
C. to sing an incantation, Verg. II. Transit., 
A. to sing or play ; 1, with cognate object, car- 
mina, Hor. ; doctuni Catullum, the songs of 
Catullus, Hor.; 2, to celebrate in singing; con- 
vivia, Hor. ; cantari dignus, worthy to be cele- 
brated i» song, Verg.; so tu praise ; nam >tt scis, 
jaiupridem istuin canto Caesareni, Cic. ; 3, to.. 
r/.itc; clegos, Juv. B. to announce, tell; vera 
eantas, Plant. C. to sing an incantation ; car- 
men, Ov. ; hence, to bewitch; cantatae herbae,. 

cantor -oris, in. (cano), 1, a singer, poet; 
cantor Apollo, player on the harp, Hor.; con- 
temptuously, cantor formularnni, Cic. ; cantorcs 
Buphorionis, eulogists, Cic; 2, an actor, esp. 
the actor who cried plauditcai the end of the piece, 

cantrix -Tcis, f. (cantor), a female singer, 

cantus -us, m. (cano). I. song, melody, poetry, 
Lucr. II. Concrete, a song, a melody. A. Gen., 
a, of persons, Sirenum, tic ; b, of animals, 
avium, Cic. ; c, of an instrument, playing, 
music; buciuaruin, Cic. B. Esp., a, prophecy; 
veridici cantus, Cat.; b, incantation, Ov. 

CanulejUS -i, m. name of a Roman plebeian 
gens, to which belonged C. Canulejus, tribune of 
the people 445 B.C., author of the law permitting 
man iages between plebeians and patricians. 

canus -a -um. I. Lit., whitish-grey, grey; 
ductus, Lucr. ; lupus, Verg. ; esp. of hair, ia- 
pilli, Hor. Subst., canl -orum (sc. capilli), 
grey hair, Cic. II. Meton., old, aged ; senectus, 

Caniisium -ii, n. a town of Apulia (now 
). Adj., Canusmus -a -um, Canusian? 
lana, Canusian wool, which was very celebrated, 
Plin. ; hence, Canusina -ae, f. (sc. vestis);_a 
garment of Caniisian woo!. Hart. ; CanuSl-* 
natus -a.-um, clothed in such a garment, Suet. 

capacitas -atis, f. (capax), breadth, roomi- 
ness. Cjc, - . . ,-\ 


Capaneus -ei, ace. -ea, voc. -eu, m. (Kan-a- 
veus), one of the seven princes who besieged Thebes, 
killed by Jupiter with a thunderbolt. 

capax -ads (capio), able to hold. I. Lit., 
able to hold much, broad, wide, roomy; urbs, Ov.; 
with genit., ciraus capax populi, Ov. ; cibi vim- 
que capacissimus, Li v. II. Transf., able to grasp, 
apt, capable, Jit for; aures avidae et capaces, 
Cic. ; with genit., capax imperii, Tac. ; with ad 
and the ace, animus ad praecepta capax, Ov. 

capedo -inis, f. (capis), a bowl used in sacri- 
fices, Cic. 

capeduncula -ae, f. (dim. of capedo), a 
small bowl, Cic. 

oapella -ae, f. (dim. of capra), 1, a she-goat, 
Cic; 2, a constellation so called, Ov. 

Capena -ae, f. atownin_Etruria, at the foot of 
Mount Soracte. Adj., Capenas -atis, Capen- 
US -a -urn, of or belonging to Capena; porta 
Capena, a gate in Home at the commencement of 
the via Appia. 

caper -ri, m. A. Lit., a he-goat, Verg. B. 
Meton., the smell under the arm-pits, Ov. 
caper o, 1. (caper), to be wrinkled, Plaut. 
capesso -ivi and -ii -itum, 3. (desider. of 
capiu), to seize, lay hold of eagerly. I. A. Lit., 
anna, Verg. ; cibum oris hiatu et dentibus (of 
animals), Cic. B. Transf., to take to, to gain ; 
a, fugain, Liv. ; libertatem, Cic. ; b, to take in 
hand, busy oneself with; rempublicam, to enter 
public life, Cic. ; so magistratus, imperium, 
honores, provincias, Tac. ; bellum, Liv. II. to 
strive to reach, to hasten, to make for ; oiiines 
luundi partes medium locum capessentes, Cic. ; 
animus superiora capessat necesse est, aims after, 
Cic. ; Melitam, Cic. ; Italiam, Verg. ; reflex., se 
in altum, Plaut. (perf. intin., capessisse, Liv.). 

Caphareus and Caphereus, or Cape- 
reus -ei and -eos, ace. -ea, voc. -eu, in. (o Katfirj- 
pei's), a dangerous promontory on the south coast 
ofEuboea, wh€re the Greek fleet on returning from 
Troy was shipwrecked. 'Adj., Caphareus -a 
-urn, of or belonging to Caphareus. 

capillatus -a -uni (capillus), hairy, having 
hair; adolcscens bene capillatus, Cic; vinura 
capillato diflusum consulc, made when long hair 
ivas worn (i.e., very old), Juv. 

capillus -i, m. (dim. form from root CAP, 
whence caput, and Ke<J>aA.7J, prop, adj. sc. crinis). 

A. the hair of the head or of the beard (crinis, 
any Mir); compositus, Cic; plur., eompti 
capilli, Cic. B. Transf., the hair of animals, 

capio, cepi, captuui, 3. (obs. fut. capso, 
Plaut.), I. to take, to seize. A. Lit., a, with 
the hand, anna, Cic ; b, to take possession of, 
esp. as unlit, t.t., collem, Caes. ; to arrive at, 
esp. of ships, portum, Caes. ; to select a place ; 
locum oculis, Verg. ; locum castris, Liv. ; so 
of auguries, templa ad inaugurandum, Liv. 

B. Transf., a, of acts, to take in hand, to be- 
gin; fugam, Caes. ; consulatum, Cic; b, of an 
opportunity, satis scite et commode tenipus 
ad aliquem adeundi, Cic ; c, to take as an ex- 
ample or proof, doeumentum ex aliquo, Cic; 
d, of a quality, to take, adopt; avi prudentiam, 
Cic; e, to take as a companion, aliquem con- 
siliis socium, Verg. ; to select out of a number, 
in singulos annos sacerdotem Jovis sortito, Cic; 
aliquem flaminein, as aflamen, Liv. C. to take 
possession of by force, in a hostile manner ; 1, lit., 
a, lubido reipublicae capiundae, Sail. ; b, in 
wnr, (a)to take booty, etc. ; agros dehostibus, Cic ; 
(3) to take a town, etc. ; urbem, castra hostluin, 
Cic; (y) to take prisoner; belli nefarios duces, Cic; 
partic as sub'st., captus -i, in. (= captivus) 

83 cap 

a captive, Nep. ; c, to take animals ; pisces, Cic. ; 
2, transf., a, to seize, take possession of; ad- 
miratio, nietus capit aliquem,- Liv. ; nos post 
leges exactos servitutis oblivio ceperat, Cic ; 
b, esp., to attack, to injure; pass, capi, to be 
injured or diseased; oculis et auribus captus, 
blind and deaf, Cic. ; captus, inentc, distracted, 
Cic. ; c, to deceive ; adolescehtiuiu aniinos dolis, 
Sail. ; adversariuin, Cic. ; capere aliquem sua 
humanitate, Nep. II. to take, receive. A., 
Lit., a, with the hand, per aliquem aut hon- 
ores ant divitias, Cic ; pecuniain, to take money 
by force or bribery; pervim atque iujuriam, Cic; 
legal t.t., to take as lieir, ex hereditate nihil, 
Cic. ; of tribute, pay, etc, stipendium jure belli, 
Caes.; b, to receive into one's body; cibuni, 
Sail. B. Transf., to receive, suffer, u ndergo ; som- 
num capere non posse, Cic. ; aliquid detrinienti 
(esp. in the formula, videant consules lie quid 
respublica detrinienti capiat), Cic; laetitiam, 
Cic. III. to contain. A. Lit., una domo capi 
non possunt, Cic B. Transf., to allow of, to 
comprehend; nullam esse gratiam tantain quani 
non capere animus meus posset, Cic. 

capis -idis, f. (capio), a one-handled vessel, 
used in sacrifices, Liv. 

capistro, 1. (capistruni), to fasten with a 
halter, Cic. 
capistrum -i, n. a halter, Verg. 
capital -alis, n. (capitalis), sc. facinus, a 
capital crime, Cic. 

capitalis -e (caput), 1, relating to the head, 
relating to life, that which imperils a man's life, 
or caput (i.e., social p> ositio "' aml c ' ulJ ri 3hts in 
Rome) ; esp. used of capital crimes, res, Cic. ; 
iuimicus, a deadly enemy, Cic; odium, mortal 
hatred, Cic; oratio, dangerous, Cic; 2, _ first, 
chief, distinguished; Siculus ille capitalis, 
crcber, acutus, Cic ; ingeniuni, Ov. 

capito -onis, in. (caput), a man with a large 
head, Cic. • .. . 

Capitolium -ii, n. (caput), the. temple of 
Jupiter built upon the Tarpeian rock at Borne, the 
Capitol; used often of the whole hill or nions 
Capitolinus. Adj., Capitolinus -a -urn, Capi- 
toline; ludi, in honour of Jupiter Capitolinus, 
Liv. ; hence subst., CSpitolini -orum, m. the 
superintendents of these games, Cic. 

capitulatim, adv. (capitulum), briefly, 
summarily, Nep. 

capitulum -i, n. (dim. of caput), a little 
head, Plant. 

Cappadoces -urn, in. (KairndSoKc;), the in- 
habitants of Cappadocia; siug.^ Cappadox 
-5cis, ra. a Cappadocian; Cappadocia -ae, f. 
a district of Asia Minor, the most eastern Asiatic 
province of the Romans. Adj., Cappadocius 
and Cappadocus -a -um, Cappadocian. 

capra -ae, f. (caper). I. a she-goat. A. Lit, 
Cic. ; ferae, perhaps chamois, Verg. B. Meton., 
the odour under the armpits, Hor. II. Transf., 
A. a constellation, [Cic B. Caprae palus, the 
place in Rome where Romulus disappeared, Liv. 

caprea -ae, f. (capra), a roe, roebuck, Verg. ; 
prov., prius jungentur capreae lupis quani, etc 
(of an impossibility), Hor. > 

Capreae -arum, fV (Kawpeai), small island on 
the Campanian coast off Puteoli, to which Tiberius 
retired at the end of his life, now Capri. 

capreolus -i, m. (caper). . I.' a .roebuck, 
Verg. II. Meton., plur. , propi, supports, Caes. 
capricornus -i, ra. a sign of the Zodiac, 
Capricorn; Hor. 

caprifious -i, m. th* wild ' fig-tree ^ <*nrf ii$ 
fruity Pers. ' '-" 

cap 84 

c&prf gSnus -a -ura (caper and gigno), born 
of goats, Verg. 

c&prlmulgus -i, m. (capra and nmlgeo), a 
goat-milker— i.e., a countryman, Cat. 

C&prinus -a -um (caper), relating to a goat; 
pellis, Cic. ; prov., de lana caprina rixari, to con- 
tend about trifles, Hor. 

caprlpss -pSdis (caper and pes), goal-footed ; 
satyn, Hor. 

1. capsa -ae, f. (capio), a box or case for 
books, Cic. 

'2. Capsa -ae, f. (Ka\l/a), a town in Byzacium, 
now Kafsa (south of Tunis); hence, Capscnses 
-ium, in. the inhabitants of Capsa. 

capsarius -i, in. (capsa), a slarr. u-ho carried 
to school his young master's satchel, Suet. 

capsula -ac, f. (dim. of capsa), a little chest, 


captatlo -onis, f. (capto), an eager seizing, a 
catching; verbormn, quibbling, logomachy, Cic. 

captator -oris, in, (capto), one, who eagerly 
seizes; aurae popularis, eager after favour of the 
people, Liv. ; absol. a legacy-hunter, Hor., Juv. 

captlo -onis, f. (capio;, a, a cheat, deception; 
in parvula re captionis aliquid vereri, Cic. ; 
ineton., harm, loss; mea captio est, si, etc., Cic; 
b, a fallacy, sophism; quanta esset in verbis cap- 
tio, si, etc., Cic. ; captiones diseutere, explicare, 
repellere, Cic. 

captiose, adv. (captiosus), insidiously ; in- 
terrogure, Cic. 

captlosus -a -um (captio), 1, deceitful; socie- 
tatein captiosam et indignam, Cic. ; 2, sophis- 
tical, captious, insidious; captiosissimo generc 
interrogationis uti, Cic. Subst., captlosa 
-drum, u. sophistries, Cic. 

captiunoiila -ae, f. (dim. of captio), fallacy, 
quibble; omnes captfunculas pertiinescere, Cic. 

captivitas -5tis, f. (captivus), captivity, 
Tac ; urbium, conquest, Tac. 

captivus -a -um (captus, capio), taken, cap- 
tured. I. taken, in war, captive; a, of persous, 
cives Romani, Cic. ; gen. subst., captivus -i, 
ru. ; captiva -ae, f. a captive, Cic; poet., relit- 
ing to a prisoner; sanguis, Verg. ; crines, Ov. ; 
b, used of inanimate things, conquered, obtained 
as a prey; naves, Caes. ; agri, Tac. II. Gen., 
captured, taken; pisces, Ov. 

capto, 1. (intens. of capio), to seize, catch at, 
lay hold of, hunt. I. Lit., feras, Verg. II. 
Transf. A. Gen. to strive after, desire, seek ; ser- 
monem alicuius, Plant. ; plausus, risus, Cic. 
B. Esp. to seek to ivin, entice, allure craftily ; 
insidiis hostem, Liv. ; testumenta, to hunt for 
legacies, Hor. 

captus -us, m. (capio) 1 a catching, taking ; 
nieton., that which is taken, I'lin.; 2, primer of com- 
prehension, manner of comprehension, idea; utest 
captus hoininuni, Cic. ; Gerinanorum, Caes. 

Capua -ae, f. (Kanvjj), chief town of Cam- 
pania. Adj., Capuanus -a -um. 

c&pulus -i, m. (capio). I. a coffin; ire ad 
capulum, to go to the grave, Lucr. II. a handle. 
A. Gen., aratri, Ov. B. Esp. the hilt of a sword, 

caput -itis, n. (root CAP, connected with 
re^aAtj), the head. L Lit. and Meton. A. Of 
living things, 1 of men, a, lit., the head; 
capite operto, obvoluto, involute, Cic ; caput 
alicui auferre, abscidere, praecidere, percutere, 
Liv. ; capita conferre, to put their heads together 
(of secret conversation), Liv. ; per caputqne 
pedesque ire praecipitem in lutum, to go over 
head and heels, Cat. ; nee caput nee pedes 
(habere), prov., of a businew which one does not 


know how to begin with, Cic. ; supra caput esse, 
of enemies, to threaten, Cic; caput extollere, to 
raise one's head again, Cic; b, meton., a person; 
caput liberum, Cic. ; carum caput, Verg. and 
Hor. ; in counting numbers, capitum Helveti- 
orum inilia cclxiii., Caes.; cxactio capitum, 
poll-ta.r, Cic. ; of curses, quod illorum capiti sit, 
may it fall on their heads, ap. Cic, ; c, life; ex- 
istence ; conjuratio in tyranni caput facta, Liv. ; 
esp. iu Rome, a man's political and social 
rights; judicium capitis, a sentence involving 
loss of caput — i.e., not necessarily of life, but of 
citizenship, e.g., exile; so capitis damnarc, Cic ; 
capite damnari, Cic. ; capitis minor, a person 
viho has suffered a loss of caput, Hor ; so capite 
deminui or miirui, to lose caput, to suffer a 
loss of status, to suffer a loss of political or social 
rights, Cic. ; 2, of animals, jumeuti, Nep. ; 
bclua inultorum es capitum, Hor.; melon., 
a head of cattle; bina bouni capita, Verg. 
B. Of tilings without life, the top, summit, 
outside; papaveris, Liv. ; areas capita, theeiuls, 
Verg. ; capita aspera mentis, Verg. ; of rivers, 
the source ; annus. Verg. ; Rheni, Caes. ; fig., 
the source; quo iuvento ab eo quasi capite 
disputatio ducitur, Cic. ; in ea est ions miseri- 
arum et caput, Cic. II. Transf., 1, of persons, 
the head, chief; omnium Graecorum concitand- 
orum, Cic. ; 2, a, of things without life, the chief, 
principal; cenae, the main dish, Cic; civilis 
prudentiae, leading principle, Cic. ; b, in laws 
and writings, the most imjwrtant part ; legis, 
Cic. ; c, of money, capital, de capite ipso dem- 
cre, Cic. ; d, of places, the capital ; Roma caput 
orbis terrarum, Liv. 

Capya -vis, ace yn, abl. -ye or-y, m. (Kdrus), 
1, soil of Assaracus, father of Anchises ; 2, king 
of Alba; 3, a companion of Aeneas; 4, a king 
of Capua. 

■■ Caralis -is, f. (KapoA^), and plur., Cara- 

les -ium, f. a town and promontory of the sume 
name in Sardinia, now Cagliari; hence Cara- 
litanus -a -um, of or belonging to Caralis. 

carb&sSus -a -um (carbasus), made of can- 
vas; vela, Cic. 

carbasus -i, m. (Knpnaao<;), plur. heterocl. 
gen., carbasa -orum, fine Spanish fax; gen. 
nieton., a Hides produced from it, a linen garment, 
a sail, Verg. 

carb&tinus (carpatinus), -a -um (Kapf3a.ri- 
vos), of untanned leather; crepidae, rustic shoes, 

carbo -onis, m. I. coal, charcoal; candens, 
Cic. ; fig., carbone notare, to mark witli black, 
i.e., think ill of any one, Hor. ; prov. carboneiu 
pro thesauro invenire, to find something of little 
value, Phaedr. II. cognomen of the Papirii. 

carbonarlus -ii, in. (carbo), a charcoal 
burner, Plant. 

car'ounculus -i, m. (dim. of carbo). L Lit. 
n little coal, Plaut. II. Transf. A. a kind of 
stone, Plin. B. a carbuncle, Plin. 

career -6ris, m. (connected with arceo and 
Gr. UpKOs), 1, a prison, jail, cell; in earcerem 
ducere, condere, conjicere, contrudere, inclu- 
dere, Cic. ; emitti e earcere, Cic. ; fig., qui e cor-- 
porum vinculis tamquam e earcere evolaverunt, 
Cic; meton., tlie prisoners confined in a jail ; in 
me earcerem effudistis, you haveempiiedtheprison, 
on inc, Cic. ; 2, gen. used in plur. carceres, the 
starting-p'nee of a racecourse (opp. meta, calx); 
e carceribu6 emitti cum aliquo, Cic; ad car- 
ceres a calce revocari, to begin, life anew, Cic. 

carcerarius -a -um (career), belonging to a 
prison, Plaut. 

Carched6nlus -a -um (Kap\riS6vi.os), Car- 
thaginian, Plaut. 




carchesium -li, n. (Kapxr/aiov), a goblet with 
handles, contracted in the middle, Verg. 

cardacas -urn, m. (Persian carda, brave, 
warlike), a Persian troop, Nep. 

cardiacus -a -nm (xapSiaKo?), ■pertaining to 
the stomach ; of persons, suffering from a disease 
of the stomach; amicus, Juv. Subst., cardi- 
acus -i, ill. one who so suffers, Cic. 

oardo -Tnis, in. (connected with Gr. KpaSim, 
Kpa.Sa.ivu>, to swing), I. Lit. A. the hinge of a 
door; cardincm versare, to open a door, Ov. B. 
the point round which anything turns, a pole of the 
heavens; cardo duplex, the ends of the earth'saxis, 
Cic; poet., a point through which a line is drawn 
from north to south, Liv. ; quatuor cardines 
mundi, the four cardinal points, Quint. II. 
Transf. a chief circumstance, or consideration 
upon which many others depend ; baud tanto 
cessabit cardine rerum, Verg. 

carduus -i, in. a thistle, Verg. 

care, adv. (carus), dearly, at a high price ; 
aestimarc, ap. Cic. 

carectum -i, n. (for caricetum, from carex), 
a sedgy spot, Verg. 

careo -lii -Iturus, 2. to be without, destitute 
of, to want; gov. the abl. I. Gen. A. of per- 
sons, dolore, febri, Cic. B. of tilings, lege carens 
civitas, lawless, Cic. II. Esp. A. to make no 
use of; temeto, Cic; hence, of a place, to absent 
oneself from ; foro, senatu, publico, Cic; patria,to 
leave Rome, Tac. B. to be deprived of, to miss ; con- 
BUetudine ainicormn, Cic; libortate, Hor. ; absol., 
quamquam non caret is qui non desiderat, Cic. 

Cares -urn, in. (Kape?), inhabitants of Caria ; 
sing., Car, Caris. Hence, Caria -ae, f. (Kapi'o), 
the most southerly district of Asia Minor. Cari- 
ous -a -urn, Carian. Subst., Cariea -ae, f. 
(sc. ficus), a kind of dried fig, Cic. 

carex -icis, f. sedge, Verg. 

caries, ncc. -em, abl. -e (other cases not 
found), f. rottenness, decay, Ov. 

carina -ae, f. I. the keel of a ship. A. Lit., 
carinae aliquanto planiores quam nostrarum 
navium, Caes. B. Meton., a ship, vessel, Verg. 
II. Transf. plur., Carinae -arum, f. a spot in 
Home on the Esquiline where Pompey's house stood. 

cariosus -a -nm (caries), rotten, decayed, 
carious; dentes, Plin. ; transf., senectus, Ov. 

carls -Wis, f. (*apt's), a kind of crab, Ov. 

caristia = charistia (q.v.). 

caritas -atis, f. (cams), dearness, high price. 
I. Lit., numniorum, scarcity of 'money, Cic; absol. 
(sc. annonae), high price of the necessaries of life; 
annus in summa caritate est, it is a very dear 
year, Cic II. Transf. affection, love, esteem; in 
caritate et honore esse, Liv. ; compleeti aliquem 
amicitia et caritate, Cic; benevolentia devincire 
homines et caritate, Cic. ; civium, esteem of the. 
citizens, Cic. ; in pastures, Cic. ; inter natos et 
parentes, Cic. ; liberorum, for one's children, Cic. ; 
in plur., omnes omnium caritates patria una 
complexa est, Cic. 

carmen -litis, n. (from cano and suffix -men, 
orig. canmen, then casmen, then carmen), o 
song, tune, either vocal or instrumental. I. Gen. 
carmina vocum, Ov. ; the sonq of the swan, Ov. ; 
the screech of the owl, Verg. li. Esp. A. poetry, 
a poem of any kind; a, fundere, condere, con- 
texere, Cic. ; componere, fingere, scribere, Hor. ; 
faeere, Verg. ; b, lyric i>oetry, Hor. ; amabile, 
erotic poetry, Hor.; c, a part of a poem, Lucr. ; 
a passage in a poem; illud mollissimuin carmen, 
Cic. ; d, a prediction, oracular declaration, Liv. 
B. incantation, Verg. C. a religious or legal for- 
mula, in ancient times composed in verse ; cru- 
ciatus, Cic. ; lex horrendi carminis, Liy. 

Carmentis -is, f., and Carmenta -ae, f. 
(carmen = oracle), a prophetess, the mother of 
Evander, who camewithhim to iMtium, prophesied 
on. the Capitoline hill, and was afterwards rever- 
enced as a deity. Adj., Carmentalls -e, of or 
belonging to Carmentis; porta, a gate of flume 
near the temple of Carmentis, the right arch of 
which was called the porta scelerata, because the 
Fabiiwent through it on their journey to Cremera, 
where they were destroyed; plur., Carmoata- 
lia -ium, li. the festival of Carmentis. 

Carmo -Gnis, f. toxon in Hispania Baetica, 
now Carmone, in Andalusia. 

Carna -ae, f. (caro), the tutelary goddess of the 
nobler parts of the body, the heart, etc., confused 
by Ovid with Cardea, the goddess of hinges. 

carnarium -li, n. (caro), the larder, pantry, 
Plaut.; a frame provided with hooks to which 
provisions were hung, Plaut. 

Carneades -is, m. (KapveaSij?), philosopher 
of Cyrene, founder of the third Academic school, 
opponent ofZeno. 

carnifex -ficis, m. (2. caro 'and facio), the 
public executioner, hangman, Cic. ; used also as 
a term of reproach, tormentor, carnifex civium 
sociorumque, Cic. 

carnificina -ae, f. (carnifex), 1, the hang- 
man's office, Plant.; 2, place of torture, Liv.; 
transf. , torture, Cic 

carniflCO, 1. (carnifex), to slay, behead, Liv. 

Camutes -uin, in. people in the middle oj 
Gaul, whose chief town was Genabum, the modern 
Orleans, Caes. 

1. caro, 3. to card wool, Plaut. 

2. caro, carnis, f. flesh. 1. Lit. A. lacte et 
came vivere, Cic. ; plur., carnes vipereae, Ov. 
B. Meton. .used contemptuously of a man, ista 
peeus et caro putida, Cic. II. Transf. the 
pulpy parts of fruit, Plin. (old nom. carnis, 

CarpathUS (-OS)-i, f. (Kapn-aSos), an island 
in the Aegaean sea, now Scarpanto. Adj.,Car- 
pathlUS -a -nm; vates, senex, Proteus, Ov. 

carpentum -i, n. 1, a two-wheeled carriage, 
a coach; carpento in foruin invehi, Liv.; 2, a 
baggage waggon; carpenta Gallica multa praeda 
onerata, Liv. 

Carpetani -orum, m. the Carpetani, a Span- ■ 
ish tribe in modem Castile and Estremadura, 
with chief toxen Toletum (now Toledo). 

carpo -psi -ptuin, 3. (connected with <cap£ui, 
apirofu), I. to pluck, pluck off. A. Lit. 1, with 
tnehand, floresex arbore, Ov. ; uvamde palmite, 
Verg. ; pensum, tospin, Hor. ; 2, with the mouth, 
a, to take something as food ; granien, to gntze, of 
a horse, Verg. ; thyma, of bees, to suck, Hor. ; b, 
to tear, pxdl to pieces; cibum, Ov. B. Ti-ansf., 
1, to pluck off; a, to select, choose out; flosculos, 
Cic. ; paucos ad ignominiam, Cic. ; b, poet., (a) 
to enjoy ; diem, Hor. ; auras vitales, Verg. ; (/3) 
of places, to pass over, luisten over ; prata fuga, 
Verg. ; mare, Ov. ; 2, a, to carp at, slander, calum- 
niate; aliquem maledico dente, Cic. ; b, nillii. 
t.t., to annoy, harass ; equitatu agmen adver- 
sariorum, Caes.; c, to weaken; vires paulatini, 
Verg. II. A. Lit. to rend; jecur, Ov. B. 
Transf. to separate, divide ; in multas parvasque 
partes exercituni, Liv. 

carptim, adv. (carptus, carpo), 1, in pieces, 
in single portions, in small )>arts. Sail. ; 2, In 
different places; aggredi, Liv.; 8, at different 
times; dimiss' carptim et singuli, Tac. 

carptor -oris, m. (carpo), one who carves 
food, Juv. 

oarruca -ae, f. a kind of four-wheeled car- 
riage, Suet. 



oatTUS -i, m. (carrum -i, n.), akindof four- 
wheeled htggage-waggon, Caes. 

Carseoli (CarsIiMi) -omm, in. (Kapu^okoi) a 
town in Latinm, now Anoli; hence, Carse- 
dlanus -a -urn, of or belonging to Carseoli, 

Carteja -ac, f., 1, a town in Hispania Bae- 
tica ; hence, ailj., Cartejanus -a -uni ; 2, 
town of the Olcades in Hispania Tarraconensis. 

Carthaea -ae, f. (Kapdaia), town on the south 
coast of the island Cm; hence adj., Carthacus 
•a -um, ami Cartheus -a -um, of or belonging 
to Carthaea. 

Carthago -11113, f., 1, the city of Carthage in 
N. Africa; 2, Carthago (Nova), colony of the 
Carthaginians in Hispania Tarraconensis, now 
Carthagena. Adj., Carthaginiensis -e, Car- 

carvmcula -ae, f. (dim. of cam), a small 
piece of flesh, Cic. 

cams -a -um, 1, high-priced, dear; aimoua 
carior, annona carissima, Cic. ; 2 f dear, beloved, 
esteemed; patria, quae est milii vita mea inulto 
candr, Cic; carum habere, to love, esteem, Cic. 

Caryae -arum, f. (Kapi'cu), town in Laconia, 
with a temple to Artemis (Diana); hence, Car- 
yatides, ace. -Idas, f. the Laconian maidens 
who served in the temple of Artemis; hence, in 
architecture, the figures of women in the. place of 
pillars, Vitr. 

Caryatos -i, f. (Kopvo-nK), 1, town on the 
soidh coast of Euboea, famous for its marble ; 
hence adj., Carysteus -a -um, and Carystius 
-a -um, of or belonging to Carystos; 2, town of 
the Ligurians. 

casa -ae, f. (root CAS, whence castrum), 
a hut, cottage, cabin, Cic. ; barrack, Caes. 

oasoolus -i, in. (dim. of caSEua), a little 
cheese, Verg. 

cascus -i, in. (casenm -i, n., Plant), 
a cheese ; caseum premerc, to make cheese, Verg;; 
collect., villa abundat caseo, Cic, 

casia -ae, f. (/(071a), 1, " tree with an. aw 
matte bark, like cinnamon, Verg. ; 2, the sweet' 
smelling mezercon, Verg. 

CiiOinum, -i, n. a town in Campania an the 
rnlhmivs; hence, Casilinatcs -nm, and 
Cnsillnenses -Iuin, in. inhabitants of Cktsi- 

Casinum -i, n. a town in Latinm. Adj., 
Casinns -atis, of or belonging to Casinum. 

Caspium mare or pelagus, and Cas- 

piUS OCeanUS (to Kdo-7uoi' 7re'Aayos), the Cas- 
pian Sea. Adj., Casplus -a -um, Caspian. 

Cassandra -ae, f. (Kao-o-aiopa), daughter of 
Priam, on whom the gift of prophecy was conferred 
by Apollo, with the reservation that no one should 
believe her. 

Cassandrea and ia, ae, f. (Kao-o-aiopaa), 
the town of l'olidaea in Chuhidice, destroyed by 
Philip, re-built and re-named by Cassander; 
hence, a, Cassandrensca -Iran, m. the in- 
habitants of Cassandrea ; b, Cassandrcus 
-Si, m. (Kacr^av&pevi) = Apollodorus, tyrant of 
Cassandrea, Ov. 

cassc, adv. (cassus), in vain, without result, 

cassida -ae, f. a helmet, Verg. 

1. Ccsslope-es, f.(Ka.<r<Ti6nti),v>ifcofCepheus, 
mother of Andromeda, changed into a star. 

2. CaSLiope -es, f. (Kao-o-idwr)), town in, 

1. cassis -idis, f. A. a metal hcL, et, Caes. 
B. Heton., war, Juv. 

2. cassis -is, yan. plur. casscs -ium, m. « 
net. I. A. a hunter's net; casses nonere, Ov, 
B. Transf., a trap, a snare, Ov. II. a spider's 
web, Verg. 

cassiterum -i, n. (Kao-o-iVepos), tin; hence 
Cassiterides -um, f. (Kao-o-iTepi'Sc?), the tin 
islands, the Stilly Isles, Plin. 

Cassius -a -um, name of a Roman- gens, ori- . 
ginally patrician, ctftcrwards plebeian. The most 
notable members were ; 1, L. Cassius Longinus 
Ravilla, celebrated as an upright judge, author of 
the lex tabellaria Cassia, that jurymen should 
vote by ballot; hence Cassianus -a -urn : 
Cassian, ; judex, an upright judge, Cic. ; 2, the ■ 
consul L. Cassius, conquered and killed by the 
Hchxtii, 107 a.c. i 3, C. Cassius Longinus', one 
of (hemurderers of Caesar ; 4, Cassius Parmensis, 
a poet, another of Caesar's murderers; 5, *'. 
Cassius Longinus, a celebrated lawyer tinder • 

cassus -a -um (perhaps from careo). I. 
Lit., empty, hollow; mix, Plant.; poet., with 
abl. or genit., deprived of; lumine cassus or 
aethere cassus, dead, Verg. II. Transf. worth- 
less,nscless, vain; cassuin quiddam et inani vocis 
sono decoratum, Cic; in cassum, in vain, Liv. 

Castalla -ae, f. (Kao-raAi'a), ft spring on 
Mount Parnassus, sacred to Apollo anil the Muses. 

Adj., CastSlIus -a -um, and Castalis -idis, 

f. Castalian; sorores, the Muses, Mart. 

castanea -ae, f., l, the chestnut-tree, Col. j 
2, the chestnut ; castaneae nuces, Verg. 

caste, adv. (castus). I. purely, spotlessly; 
caste et integre vivere, Cic. II. a, innocently, 
chastely, Cic. ; b, piously, religiously ; caste rid 
deos adire, Cic 

castcllanus -a -um (castellnm), relating to 
a fortress; Iriiiinphi, on the capture of fortresses 
Cic. Suust., castellan! -ornm, m. the garri- 
son of a fortress, i^all. 

castcllatim, adv. (castellnm), in single fort- 1 
rcsscs ; dissipati, l.iv. 

castellum -i, n. (dim. of castrum). I. A, 
a castle, fortress, fort, Gift B. Transf. protection \ 
refuge; omnium scelerum, Liv. II, a dwelling . 
on a height, Verg. 

casteria -ae, f. a portion, of a ship, used as. ,\ 
resting-place for rowers, Plant. 

castigabllis -e (castigo), worthy of punish- 
ment, Plant. 

castlgatio -onis, f. (oastigo), punishment, 
chastisement, reproof; aflicere aliqueni castiga, ' 
tionibus, Cic; verborum, Liv. 

castlgator -oris, m. (castigo), one who re. 

proves or punishes, Liv. 

CastigatoriUS -a -um (castigo), correcting, ' 

castigatus -a -um (partic. ofcastigo),c7(cW.v<7, 
restrained, hence small, neat, as a term of praise; 
pectus, Ov. 

castigo (castum-.igo, as purgo = puruni ago), 
1. to reprove, chasten, punish. I. Lit., pueroo 
verbis, verberibus, Cic II. Transf., a, to cor- 
rect, amend; carmen, Hor. ; b, to check, restrain, 
fig., examen in trutina, to amend one's o}nnion, 

castimoma -ae, f. (castus), 1, bodily pur- 
ity, Cic. ; 2, moral purity, Cic. 

castitas -atls, f. (castus), abstinence from, 
sensual pleasure, chastity, Cic. 

1. castor -oris, m. (koo-t«p), the beaver, Cic. . 

2. Castor -oris, m. (KacTTwp), the son ofTyn- 
danis and Leda, twin-brother of Pollux and Helen. 
Ecastor, mccastor, By Castor I a common form 
of oath iir Rome. 




castoreum, -i, n. an aromatic secretion ob- 
tained from the beaver, Verg. 

castrensis -e (castra), pertaining to a camp, 

castro, 1, to castrate, Plaut. 

castrum -i, n. (root CAS, whence casa). 

1, Sing., a castle, fort, fortress, Nep. ; oftener 
in sing, as a proper name, e.g., Castrum Inui 
in Latium. II. Plur., castra -orum, n. A. 
Lit., 1, a camp fortified by a ditch (fossa) and a 
mound (agger) surmounted by pedisades (vallum) ; 
stativa, permanent, Cic; avstivn, summer quar- 
ters, Suet. ; hibcrna, winter quarters, Liv. ; na- 
valia, a naval encamptnent, when the ships were 
drawn up on the beach and protected by an 
entrenchment, Caos. ; ponerc, Liv. ; locare, 
facere, to encamp, Cie. ; movere, to break up the 
lamp, Caes. ; promovere, to advance, Caes. ; re- 
moveiv, or movere retro, tn retreat, lav. ; hostem 
castris exuere, tn take- the enemy's camp, Liv. ; 
fig., like the English camp, of a party, in Epieui i 
nos adversarii nostri castra conjecimus, Cic; 

2, esp., a, the camp of the praetorian guard at 
Rome ; praetoriana, Suet. ; b, as a proper name, 
Castra Cornelia, a height near Utica. B. Transf., 
of a bee-hive, cerea castra, Verg. C. Meton., 

1, a day's march; tertiis castris pervenit, Liv. ; 

2, martial service, magnum in castris usunt 
habere, Caes. 

castus -a -um (connected with Gr. xaSapos). 
I. pure, spotless, innocent; homo castissimus, 
Cic. II. Esp. A. .1, temperate, unselfish; homo 
castus ac non cupidus, Cic; 2, chaste; matro- 
nai'UlU castissiina, Cic. B. Transf., of things, 
Cassii castissiina domus, Cic. C. of religion, 
pious, religious, holy; hac casti maneant in 
rcligione nepotcs, Verg. ; castam contionem, 
sanctum campum defendo, Cic. 

casula -ae, f. (dim. of casa), a little hut, 
cottage, 1'lin. 

casus -lis, in. (cado), (i falling, fall, Liv. I. 
Ocn. A. Lit., a, nivis, Liv.; b, of a season, 
end; extrcmae sub casum hiemis, Verg.; c, in 
grammar, case; casus rectus, the nominative, 
Cic. B. Transf, a, fall; nunin gravis casus in 
servitiuin ox regno fovet, Sail.; b, occasion, op- 
portunity; aul. vi aut dolis se casum victome 
inventuvum, Sail. ; c, accident, event, occurrence; 
novi casus temporum, Cic. ; abl. casu, by chance; 
evenire non temerc nee casu, Cic. ; d, disaster, 
mishap; mens ille casus tani horribilis, tam 
gravis, etc., Cic. ; reipublicae, Sail. II. destruc- 
tion, ruin; a, of things, urbis Trojanae, Verg. ; 
b, of persons, violent death; Saturnini atque 
Gracchorum casus (plur.), Caes. 

Catabathmos -i, m. (KaTa/3a0p.os), a inlley 
on the borders of Africa and Asia, now the valley 
of Akabah. 

catadromus -i, in. (Kai-aSpo/uos), a rope for 
rope-dancing, Suet. 

Catadupa -orum, n. (KaraSovrra), the Nile 
cataracts on the Ethiopian frontier, now cataracts 
of Wady Haifa. 

CdtagelaSimUS -a -Uiu («aTa-yeAacnp.os), 
serving as a subject of jest, Plant. 

calagraphus -a -um (xaTaypocpo?), painted. 
\rti-coloured, Cat. 

CatamltUS -i, m. the Latin name for Gany- 

Cataonia -ae, f. a district of the Roman 
province Cappadocia. 

cataphractes -aj, in. (KaTa<i>puKT>j?), a 
breast-plate of iron scales, Tac. ; hence, adj., 
cataphractUS -a -um, mail-clad, Liv. 

cataplus -i, in. (/coTa7rAous), the arrival of a 
ship ; hence meton., a ship that is arriving, Cic. 


catapulta -ae, f. (KaraneK-rrn), an engine of 
war for throwing arrows, a catapult, Liv. 

catapultarius -a -um (catapulta), relating 
to a catapult, Plaut. 

cataracta (catarr.) -ae, f , and oataraot- 
es -ae, m. (KaTappaKT>)«)> 1» a waterfall, esp. cr 
cataract o/ the Nile, Sen. ; 2, a sluice or flood-- 
gate, Plin. ; 3, a portcullis, Liv. 

catasta -ae, f. (Karacrrao-i^), a stage upon 
which slaves were exposed in the market, Pers. 

cate, adv. (catus), skilfully, cleverly, Cic. 

cateja -ae, f. a kind of dart, Verg. 

1. catella -ae, f. (dim. of catula), a little 
bitch, Juv. 

2. catella -ae, f. (dim. of catena),, a little 
chain, Liv. 

catellus -i, in. (dim. of catulus), a little 
dog, Cic. 

catena -ae f. (root CAT, CAS, whence cas-' 
sis), 1, a cliain, fetter; aliquem catenis vincire, 
Liv.; aliquem in catenas conjicere, Liv.; alicul 
catenas injicere, Cic; in catenis tenere, Caes. ; 
fig., restraint; leguin citenae, Cic. ; 2, a chain, 
series, Lucr. 

catcnatUS -a -um (catena), chained, bound; 
Britannus, Ilor. ; labores, unremitting, Mart. 

caterva -ae, f. crowd, troop. I. Of nieu, 
A. Gen., magna togatornm, Cic. B. Esp., 1, 
a troop of soldiers, esp. of barbarian soldiers, of 
mercenaries as op p. to Roman legionaries, Hor., 
Tac. ; 2, a company of actors, Cic. ; 3, the chorus 
in the drama, Cic. II. Of animals, Verg. 

catervarius -a -um (caterva), belonging to 
a troop, Suet. , 

catervatim, adv. (caterva), in troops, in 
masses, SaV..-,-Lucr. 

cathedra -ae, f. (icadeSpa.). I. A. a chair, , 
principally used by ladies, Hor.; also, a litter 
for women, Jw. B. Meton., cathedrae mnlles, 
luxurious women, .luv. II, a -professor's chair, 

Catilina -ae, in., L. Sergius, a Unman of 
noble birth, who headed a conspiracy against the 
state., ami was killed in Ixittle at Faesulae, B.C. <i"2; 
hence adj., Catilinarius -a-um, Catiliuarian. 

catillo, 1. (catillus), to lick plates, Plaut. 

1. catillus -i, m. (dim. of catinus), a small 
dish or platr, Hor. 

2. Catillus -i, m. son of Amphiaraus, one of 
the legendary founders ofTibur. 

Catina -ae, f. (Karon)), and Catane -es, f. 
a toivn on the east coast of Sicily, at the foot of 
Mount Aetna, now Catania. Adj., Catincnsis 
-e, of or belonging to Catina. 

catinum -i, n. and catinus -i, m. a broad, 
flat dish, Hor. ; 

Cato -Cinis, in. I. a cognomen belonging to the 
plebeian gens l'orcia. 1, M. Porcius Cato Cen- ■ 
sorius (235-147 B.C.), celebrated for his upright- 
ness and strenuous support of the old Roman ■ 
simplicity and discipline, author of several works, 
among which the most noted are the Origines and 
do He rustica ; 2, M. Porcius Cato the younger, 
bailer of the senatorial party on the death of r-om- 
peius, killed himself at Utica, B.C. 4G, on the final 
ruin of his party (hence called Uticeii9is). 
Adj.,_Catonianus -a -um, Catonian. Subst., 
Catonini -orum, in. the party of the younger 
Catn. Plur., Catoncs, men nf the old Roman ' 
type, like Cato, Cic. II. M. Valerius Cato, a 
freed/man of Gaul, grammarian and poet in the ' 
time of Sulla. 

catonium -i, n. (kotui), the lower world; with 




* play on the word Cato, vereor ne in catonium 

Catuninos, Cic. 

, catta -ae, f. cat or weasel, Mart. 

catiila -ae, f. a little bitch, Prop. 

c&tulinus -a -um (catulus), relating to a 
dog ; caro, Plant. ; or subst., c&tulina -ae, f. 
dog's flesh, Plin. 

Catullus -i, in., Q. Valerius Catullus, a cele- 
brated Jioman elegiac and epigrammatic poet, bom 
in or netir Verona, B.C. 87. Adj., CatUllianus 
-a -11111. 

1. catulus -i, m. (dim. of eatus), a young 
animal, esp. of the dog or cat kiud ; a, suis, 
Plaut. ; leonis, Hor. ; lupi, Verg. ; nrsae, Ov. ; 
b, esp. a young dog, whelp, puppy, Cic. 

2. Catulus -i, m., the name of a branch of the 
pleUian gens Liitatia. I. C. LuUtius Catulus, 
consul B.C. 242, who brought the First J unic War 
to a close by the. victory of Aegusa, B.C. 241. II. 
O,. Lutatius Catulus, consid with Matins, B.C. 
102, defeated the Vimbri at the battle of Vercellae; 
perished in the. proscription of Sulla, B.C. 87. 
ill. Q. Lutatius Catulus, son of the preceding, an 
honest and popular aristocratic statesman, contem- 
porary with Cicero; consul, B.C. 7S ; died b.c. 60. 

catUS -a -urn, 1, sagacious, acnde, clever (opp. 
stultus), Cic; 2, cunning, sly, in a bad sense, 

CaUC&SUS -i, in. (KaiJicao-o?), mountains se- 
parating Asia from Europe. Adj., Caiicaslus 
-a -um, Caucasian. 

Cauda -ae, f. the tail of an animal; 1, leonis, 
Cic. ; caudam trahere, to wear a tail, a. fool's cap, 
Hor. ; 2, cauda Verrina, the appendage to the 
name of Verres which was changed to Verrucius, 
with a play on the word verres (boar). 

C.udcus -a -urn, made of rushes, Plant. 

oaudex (codex) -Icis, ni. the stem or trunk 
of a tree, Verg. 

caudicalls -e (caudex), relating to wood, 
oa adicat ius, v. codicarius. 

Caudium -li, n. an old city in Somnium, 
near tlie pass of the Caudine Forks, in which the. 
Roman army u>as enclosed by the Samnites, h.c. 
321. Adj., Caudinus -a -um, Caudine; fur- 
culae, Liv. ; proelium, Cic. 

caulae -arum, f. (contr. for cuvillae, from 
cavus), 1, a hole, opening, Lucr. ; 2, a sheep-fold, 

caulls -is, m. (connected with Kav\6<;). A. 
the stalk of a plant, esp. the cabbage-plant, Plin. 
B. Transf., anything of similar form; pennae, 
a quill, Plin. 

Caulon -onis, m. and Caulonia -ae, f. 
(KavAuV), Italian town in Ilrnttii. 

Caunus (Cauuos) -i, f. (Knvi'ot), re town in 
Caria. Adj., Caunous or ius -a -um. 

caupo -onis, m. a small shopkeeper, or inn- 
keeper, Cic. 

oaupdna -ae, f. (c.iupo), a tavern, inn, Cic, 

cauponlus -a -um (caupo), belonging to an 
innkeeper, Plant, 

cauponor, 1. dep. (caupo), to trade in any- 
thing, Knn. 

cauponula -ae, f. (dim. of caupo), a little 
inn, Cic. 

caurus (c&rus), -i, m. the north-west wind, 
Verg., Caes. 

causa (caussa) -ae, f. (cado), a cause, reason, 
motive, inducement. A. 1, magna, levis, |uata, 
Cic. ; cum causa, with good reason, Cic. ; sine 
causa, without reason, Cic. ; with genit., causa 

belli, Cic. ; with infln. (poet.), quae causa fuit 
consurgere iu anna, Verg. ; ob earn causani quia,' 
etc., Cic; quidnam esse causae cur, etc, Cic; 
propter banc causam quod, etc., Cic; ea est 
causa ut (with subj.), Liv. ; quid est causae quia 
(with subj.), Cic; eis causis qiioniinus (with 
subj.), Caes.; in causa haec sunt, Cic; all'errc 
causam, Cic. ; alicui inferre causam, Cic ; alicui 
causam alicuiusrei dare, Cic; causae esse, Caes.; 
causam alicuius rei sustinere, to bear the blame, 
Cic; 2, excuse; causam acciperc, Cic; 3, pre- 
text; causas novarum postulationum quaerere, 
Cic; fingere causam, Cic ; 4, cause of a disease, 
Cic; 5, abl., causa, on account of; joci causa, 
Cic; verbi causa, for example, Cic; mea causa, 
Cic ; so tua, nostra, etc. B. 1, case; armis in- 
feriores, non causa fiunt, Cic ; 2, situation, 
condition; erat in meliore causa, Cic; 3, tide, 
party ; causa quam Pompeius susccperat, Cic ; 
4, point in an argument, subject ; causam disse- 
rendi, Cic; 5, lawsuit; causa capitis, Cic; 
causae dictio, pleading, Cic; causam defendere, 
Cic. ; causam dicere, to plead, Cic ; causam sur- 
ripere, Cic. ; causani perdere or causa cadere, 
to lose a suit, Cic. 

causarius -a -um (causa A. 4), sickly, dis- 
et v.d, Sen.; hence subst, causani -oruin, in. 
inilit. t.L, invalided, discharged on account of 
illness, Liv. 

causia -ae, f. (xaiKji'a), a w/n7e broad-brimmed 

Macedonian hut, Plant. 

causidlCUS -i, m. (causa and dico), an advo- 
cate, barrister, used contemptuously to denote 
one who pleads for money and without skill ; 
distinguished from orator, Cic 

causificor, 1. (causa and facio), to bring 
forward as a reason or pretext, Plaut. 

causor, 1. dep. (causa), to give as a reason, or 
pretext; to plead, pretend; multa, Lucr.; con- 
seiisum patrum, Liv.; valetudinein, Tac 

CaustlOUS -a -um (Kav<rriK(k), burning, caus- 
tic. Subst., causticum -i, n. caustic, Plin. 

causula -ae, f. (dim. of causa), 1, re little law 
suit, Cic ; 2, re slight occasion, Auct. B. Afr. 

caute, adv. (cautus), cautiously, carefully; 
caute pedetemptiinque dieere, Cic. 

cautes (cotes) -is, f. a rough sharp rock, 
Caes., Verg. 

cautim, adv. (cautus), cautiously, carefully, 

cautio -onis, f. (contr. from cavitio, from 
cavco). I. caution, care, foresight, precaution; 
cautioiiem adhibere, Cic. ; hence, res cautioneui 
habet, a, the affair needs caution, Cic. ; b, al- 
lows of foresight, Cic II. Legal t.t., security, 
bail, bond, Cic ; chirograph], written, Cic 

cautor -oris, m. (caveo), 1, one who is on 
his guard, Plaut. ; 2, one who gives bail for 
another, Cic. 

cautus -a um (caveo), 1, a, cautions, wary, 
careful, circumspect ; paruin putantur cauti provi- 
dique fuisse, Cic. ; in scribendo, Cic. ; consilia 
cautiora, Cic; b, sly; vulpes, Hor.; 2, of 
property, made safe, secured; quo mulieri esset 
res cautior, Cic. 

cavaedlum -i, n. = cavum aedium, the open 
quadrangle formed by the inner walls of a house, 

cavea -ae, f. (cavus). I. re hollow place, 
cavityi Plin. II. Esp. A. an inclosure, a den 
for wild animals, Luc ; esp. a, re birdcage, 
Cic. ; b, re beehive, Verg. B. a, the seats in a 
theatre or amphitheatre; prima, the first tier, 
the place of honour where the knights sot ; media, 
summa, less distinguished seats, Cic. ; b, the 
whole theatre, Cic. 



caveo, ciivi, cautum, 2. to be on one's guard, 
I. to guard against, beware, avoid; absol., nisi 
cavetis, Cic. ; with ab, ab aliquo, Cic. ; with 
ace, aliquem, to be on one's guard against, Cic; 
pass., caveiula etiam gloriae cupiditas, we must 
be on our guard against, Cic. ; witli infill., in 
quibus cave vereri ne, etc., Cic. ; with ne, ut 
ne, and the subj., quod ut ne accidat cavendum 
est, Cic. ; with subj. alone, cave ignoscas, Cic. ; 
with lit and the subj., Cic. II. to take precau- 
tions. A. With dat. of persons for whom, qui 
in Oratore tuo caves tibi per Brutuni, Cic; 
with ad, satis cautum tibi ad defcnsioncin, Cic. ; 
witli ut and the subj., to take care, Cic. B. Esp., 
legal t.t., 1, to give security for ; praedibus et 
praediis populo, Cic. ; 2, to get security; ab sese 
caveat, Cic. ; 3, to provide for in writing, to 
order ; a, by will, heredi velle cavere, Cic. ; b, 
in a treaty, de quibus cautum sit foedere, Cic ; 
C, in a law, cautum est in legibus Scipionis ne, 
etc., Cic. (Imper. cave sometimes in poet.) 

civerna -ae, f. (cavus), a hollow place, grotto, 
cavern, Cic. ; navis, the hold, Cic. ; coeli, the 
vault of heaven, Lucr. 

cavilla -ae, f. (dim. of cavus), empty jesting, 
raillery, scoffing, Plaut. 

cavillatio -onis, f. (cavillor), raillery, jest- 
ing, irony, Cic. 

cavlllator -oris, m. (cavillor), a jester, joker, 
humourist, Cic 

cavillor, 1. dcp. (cavilla), to jest, joke, sati- 
rise, make game of; 1, cum aliquo, Cic. ; in eo 
cavillatus est, Cic. ; alicuius praetextam, Cic. ; 
tribunos plebei cavillans, Liv. ; 2, to make cap- 
tious objections ; cavillari tribuui, Liv. 

cavillula -ae, f. (dim. of cavilla), a little jest, 

cavo, 1. (cavus), to hollow, make hollow, ex- 
cavate ; naves ex arboribus, Liv. ; oppida cuui- 
culis, to undermine, Plin. ; parmam gladio, to 
pierce, Verg. ; luna cavans cornua, waning, Plin. 
Partic, cavatua -a -um, hollowed out, hollow; 
rupes, Verg. 
oavum.-i, n. (cavus), a hole, cavity, cave, Liv. 
cavus -a -um, hollow, concave (opp. plenus). 
I. Lit., vena, Cic; vallis, Liv.; nubes, Verg. ; 
ftumina, deep-cluinnelled, Verg. ; luna, waning, 
Plin. II. Meton., empty ; imago formae, Verg. 

Ciystrus -i, in. (Kaii<rTpos), a river in Lydia, 
famous for its swans; hence adj., Caystrlus 
-a -um, Cayslrian; ales, the swan, Ov. 

ce, au inseparable particle joined on to pro- 
nouns and adverbs — e.g., hisce, Cic 

Cea -ae, f. and Ceos, ace. Ceo (Ke'ut), one 
of the Cyclades Islands, birthplace of the poet 
Simonides. Adj., Ceus -a -um, Cean, Camenae, 
the poetry of tiimonides, Hor. 

Cebenna (Gehenna) mons, m. a mountain- 
chain in Gaul (now the Cevennes). 

Cebren -enis, m. (Ke/Jpjji'), a river-god in, 
Troas, father of Oenone and Hesperie. Hence, 
Cebrenls -Mis, f. the daughter of Cebren, i.e., 
Hesperie, Ov. 

Cecrops -opis, m. (KeVpoi^), the first king of 
Attica, mythical founder of Athens; hence, a, 
Cecropides -ae, m. descendant of Cecrops, e.g., 
Theseus, Ov. ; plur. the Athenians, Verg. ; b, 
Cecropls -idis, f. a female descendant of Cecrops, 
e.g., Aglauros, daughter of Cecrops, Ov. ; Procne 
and Philomela, daughters of Pandion, Ov. ; adj., 
terra, Attica, Ov. ; ales, Procne, Ov. ; c, Ce- 
cropius -a -um, Cecropian, arx, Ov. ; and subst., 
Cecrdpia -ae, f. the citadel of Athens, Plin. ; 
also, relating to Attica and 4Mwiis; Athenian, 



1. cedo, cessi, cessuni, 3. I. Gen., to go, 
proceed. A. Lit., per ora, Hor. B. Transf., 1, 
to come to something, to turn out, to happen ; 
alicui male, Ov. ; 2 t to fall to the lot of; ut 
etiam is quaestus huic cederet, Cic ; res omnis 
Albana in ltomanum cedit imperium, Liv. ; 3, 
to change to, to become; hue omnis aratri cesa- 
it honos, Verg. II. Esp., A. Lit., to give 
grounil, retire; cedam atque abibo, Cic. ; horas 
cedunt et dies, Cic ; e patria, or (simply) patria, 
Cic. ; ab or de oppido, Cic. ; e vita or vita, Cic; 
e memoria or memoria, Liv. ; with dat. of the 
person before whom one retreats, infenso hosti, 
Liv. B. Transf., 1, to submit, yield; minis 
alicuius, Cic ; tempori, Cic ; precibus alicuius, 
Cic. ; 2, to be inferior to ; alicui virtute, Caes. ; 
3, to give up a right or some property ; with abl. 
and dat, alicui possessione bonorum, Cic ; with 
ace, multa niultis de jure, Cic; permitto alU 
quid iracundiae tuae, do adolesceutiae, cedo ami- 
citiae, tribuo parenti, Cic. 

2. cedo and plur. cette. (contracted from 
cedito and cedite), 1, here with it! give here; 
cedo aquam manibus, Plaut.; cedo ut bibaiii, 1 
Plaut. ; 2, out with it ! let us hear, tell us; also, 
cedo dum, Plaut., Ter. ; 3, to call attention, 
see here; cedo mihi leges Atinias, Furias, Cic. 

cedrus -i, f. (*e'Spos). L the cedar, or juni- 
per tree, Plin. II. Meton., A. cedar-wood, Verg. 
B. cedar oil; carmina liuenda cedrn, worthy of 
immortality (as the cedar oil preserved from 
decay), Hor. 

Celaenae -arum, f. (KeXaii/ou), a tow, in 
Phrygia, near tlie Maeander, Liv. Adj., Celae- 
naeus -a -um, Celaenean. 

Cclaeno -us, f. (K«Xaii/u>). X. daughter of 
Atlas, placed in the sky as one of the Pleiades. II. 
one of the Harpies. Appell., a covetous woman, 

celator -oris, m. (celo), a concealer, Lucr. 

celeber -bris -bre and Celebris -e. numer- 
ous. I. Of places, meetings, etc., A. Lit., 
much frequented; portus, Cic B. Transf., 1, 
lionoured ; funus fit regium, magis amore civium 
et caritate quam cura suoruiu celebre, Liv. ; 
2, renowned, distinguished, well-known; a, of 
things, res tota Sicilia celebenima atque notis- 
sima, Cic. ; b, of persons, famous ; clarissim- 
arum urbium excidio celeberriini viri, Liv. II. 
often repeated; vox celeberrima, Ov. 

eclobratio -onis, f. (celebro), 1, a numerous 
assembly; quae eelebratio qnotidiana, Cic. ; 2, 
numerous attendance upon a festival, celebration ; 
ludorum, Cic. 

celebrator -oris, m. (celebro), one who 
praises or extols, Mart. : 

celebratus -a -um, p. adj. (from celebro), 
1, numerously attended ; a, of places, much 
frequented ; forum rerum venalitim totius regni 
maxiine celebratuni, ball. ; b, of festivals, kept 
solemn, festive; dies festus eelebratusqne per 
oinnem Africam, Liv.; 2, known; a, res eele- 
bratissimae omnium sermone, Cic. ; b, praised, 
honoured; eloquentia, Tac 

celebritas -atis, f. (celeber), 1, a frequenting 
in large numbers, numerous attendance at; loei, 
Cic. ; of a festival, celebration ; supremi diei, at 
a funeral, Cic; 2, amultitude, concourse; virorum 
ac mulierum, Cic. ; 3, fame, renown ; celebrit- 
atem sermonis hominum consequi, Cic. 

celobro, 1. (celeber), 1 to visit frequently, 
or in large numbers ; domum alicuius, Cic. ; seji- 
ulcrnm hominum conventu epulisque, Cic. ; 2, to 
celebrate, solemnise ; festos dies ludorum, Cic ; 
celebratur omnium sennono loetitiaque con- 
vivium, Cic. ; 3, to publish, make known ; fac- 
tum esse cowsulein Mureimiu nuotii Jjtteraeque 




cclcbrnsscnt, Cic. ; 4, to praise, honour ; cgres- 
suiii alicuius ernare atquc celebrare, Cic. ; nomen 
allcuiua Bcriptis, Cic; 5, to practise, often, 
exercise ; sites, Cic; ncc unura genus est divina- 

tioiiis publico privatimquo celobratuin, Cic 

Cclemna -ac, f. a town in Campania, not 
far from Teanum. 

color -oris, -6ro (root CEL, comtoctod with 
cello, celox, /ce'A<o, Ke'A.>)0> swift, quick, rapid. I. 
Lit., navis, Ov. II. Transf., A. 1, in a good 
sense, mens qua nihil est celerius, Cic ; 2, in 
a bad sense, hasty, rash, precipitate ; consilia 
celeriora, over hasty plans, Liv. 

colore, adv. (celer), quickly, swiftly, Plant. 

Celeres -urn, in. (connected with «'Ai/s), 
the name of the body-guard of the Roman kings, 

celeripes -pedis (celer and pes), swift- 
footed, Cic 

ccleritas-atis, f. (celer), quickness, swiftness, 
celerity. I. Lit., equorum, Cic. II. Transf., 
orationis, Cic; actionis, Cic; animorum, Cic. 

celeriter, adv.' (celer), quickly, swiftly, Cic 

celcro, 1. (celer). 'I. Transit., to make q-.dck, 
hasten, accelerate; fugam, Verg. II. Intransit., 
t. hasten, Lucr., Cat. 

CeloUS -i, in. (Ke\eos), king in Elcusis, who 
hospitably entertained Ceres, and was taught by 
her agriculture ami the mysteries of her worship. 

cella -ao, f. a room. I. Ih a Roman house. 

A. Of a town-house, 1, a room for persons, esp. 

. the servants' rooms, Cic; 2, a storehouse; with or 

without penaria, Cic. ; in cellani dare, imperare, 

cmerc, to give out, ordcr t buy things for the hcuse, 

Cic. B. Of a country-house, 1, store/muse ; 

'penaria, for corn, olearia, for oil, vinaria, for 

vine, Cic; transf., Capua cella atJqne horreum 

Campani agri, Cic ; 2, place for keeping birds, 

Col. C. In a lodging-house, a mean apartment, 

•Mart. II, In a teniplo, the shrine of the god's 

image, Cic. III. the cell of a beehive, Verg. 

cellariUS -a -nm (cella), relating to a store- 
room, l'laut. Snbst., cellarius -i, in. a store- 
keeper, cellarer, Plant. 

celliila -ae, f. (dim. of cella), a little cham- 
ber, or cell, Ter. 

cclo, 1. to hide, conceal, keep secret; soiit"ii- 
tiam Bliam, Cic; dolorem vultu tegcrc et taci- 
. tumitate celare, Cic ; with aec. of the thing 
concealed and ace of person from whom it is 
concealed; non tc celavi sermonem T. Ampii, 
Cic ; with de and the aol. of the person ; de in- 
sidiis te eclarc noluit, Cic. 

C&lox -ocis, f. (root CEL, v. celer), a swift 
vessel, or yacht, Liv. ; publica, packet-boat, Plant. 

1. CClsus -a -um (from * cello, lit. driven 
up on high), high, upright. A. Lit., natura 
homines humo excitatos celsos et erectos con- 
stituit, Cic. B. Transf., 1, of rank, eminent; 
celsissima sedes dignitatis et honoris, Cic ; 2, 
morally, lofty, elevated; celsus et erectus, Cic; 
3, in a bad sense, proud, haughty, Cic. ; celsi 
Ramnes, Hor. 

2. Celsus -i, in. A. Cornelius, a Latin writer 
on medicine. 

Celtae -arum, m. the Celts. Adj., Celticus 
•a -um, Celtic. 

Celtiberi -orum, m. the Celtiberians, a race 
in the middle of Spain of mind Celtic and Ibe- 
rian blood. Adj., Coltlber -era -eruin and 
Celtiberlcus -a -um, Celtlberian. Snbst., 
Celtiberia -ae, f. the land of the Celtiberi. 

cena -ae, f. the principal meal of the. Romans, 
taken about three or four o'clock in the afternoon, 
dinner, supper, I, Lit., ccna, recta, a complete 

dinner of three courses, Suet. ; enput cenae, the 
chief dish, Cic. ; inter ccuaiil, at dinner-time, Cic; 
invitare ad ccnam, to ask to dinner, Cic; obire 
cenas, itare ad cenas, Cic ; cenam alietii (hue, 
to give any one a dinner, Cic. ; venire ad cenam, 
Cic. ; rcdiro a cena, Cic. II. Met on., a, "i" 
courses at a dinner ; prima, altera, tci'tia, Mart.; 
b, the company invited ; ingens cena scdet, Juv.; 
0, the place where the dinner is given, Plin. 

ccnaculum -i, n. (ceno), literally an eating- 
room, Varr. ; and as these were often in the 
upper storey, the upper stoi-ey of a house, the gar- 
ret, attic ; Roma cenaculis sublata atquc sus- 
pensa, Cic ; mutat cenacula, Hor. 

Cenaeum -i, n. (Krivaior aKpov), the north- 
western promontory of Euboea, on which was a 
temple of Jupiter; hence, adj., Ccnacns -a 
-um, of Cenaeum; Juppiter, Ov. 

cenatlcus -a -um (cena), relating to dinner; 
spes, Plaut. 

cenatio -onis, f. (cena), an eating-room, din- 
ing-hall, Plin. 

cenatorius -a -nm (cena), relating to dinner. 
Subst., ccnatoria -orum n. clothes to dine in, 

cenaturio, 4. (ceno), to wish to dine, Mart. 

ccnatus -a -um, v. ceno. 

Cenchreae -arum, f. (KcygpAu), port of the 
Corinthians on the Saronic gulf. Adj., Cen- 
chrcus -a -um, Cenchrean. 

cenito, 1. (freq. of ceno), to dine often, be 
accustomed to dine; apud aliquem, Cic 

ceno, 1. (cena). I. Intransit, to take the 
cena, to dine, sup, eat ; cenare bene, Cic. ; cenare 
apud aliquem, Cic. ; impers., quum eenaretur 
apud Vitellios, Liv.; partic. perf., ccnatus, with 
a middle meaning, having dined, after dinner; 
cenati discubucrunt ibidem, Cic II. Transit., 
to dine on, to eat; aprum, Hor. 

Ccnomiini -6mm, a Celtic people in Gaul. 
Adj., Cenomanus -a -nm, Cenomanian, 

censeo -siii -sum, 2. (root CENS, COXS, 
whence eonsulo), to give an opinion I, Gen., 
to appraise, estimate. A. Lit., 1, si censenda 
nobis atque aestimanda res sit, Cic. ; 2, esp. 
of the censor at Rome; a, to take. on. account oj 
the. names and property of Roman citizens; cen- 
sures populi aevitates, subolcs, familias pecuni- 
asque censcnto, Cic. ; capite censi, the lowest 
class of Roman citizens, whose persons only were 
counted, Sail. ; sintne ista praedin censui censcn- 
do ? are those estates ft to be put on the censor's list ? 
(as the property of the possessors), Cic; b, to 
make a return to the censor ; in qua tribu denique 
ista praedia censuisti, Cic. B. Transf., censeri 
de aliquo, to be regarded as belonging to a certain 
person, Ov. II. A. to express an opinion, be of 
an opinion; ita prorsns censeo, Cic; tibi igi- 
tur hoc censeo, Cic; with utand the subj., Cic. ; 
with the subj. alone, magno opere censeo de- 
sistas, Cic; with infin., delubra esse in urbibus 
censeo, Cic. B. to vote, recommend by vote or 
advice ; captivos reddendos in senatu non cen- 
suit, Cic ; pars deditionem, pars eruptionem 
censebant, Caes. C. Of the senate (as jubero 
for the popnlus), to resolve, order ; senatus cen- 
suit uti, etc, Caes. 

ccnsio -onis, f. (censeo). A. an assessment, 
estimate, esp. the censor's estimate, Plaut. B. 
Transf., in jest, bnbula, a scourging, Plant. 

censor -oris, m. (censeo), the censor. I. Lit., 
a Rinnan magistrate, of whom two were elected, 
originally at intervals of five years, afterwards 
of i'ii'' year and a half. Their business was : a, 
to hold the census ; b, to punish persons for 
Offeuyes against Ujorftla by degradation to 9 




lower rank ; c, to look after the roads and 
bridges, public buildings, ami the revenues of 

the state. II. Transf., a severe judge, a rigid 
moralist, a censurer, Cie. ; castigator censorque 
ininoruui, Hor. 

ceusdrius -a -11111. A. relating to the censor ; 
homo, one who has filled the office of censor, Cic. ; 
tabulae, the censor's lists, Cic. ; lex, locatio, a 
contract relating to building or to the public re- 
venue, Cic. ; opus, a fault which was punished by 
the censor, Cic. B. Transf., rigid, severe, Quint. 

censura -ae, f. (censor), the censor's dignity, 
the censorship ; censuram gerere, Cic. 

census -us, m. (censeo). A. the enrolment of 
the mimes ami the assessment of the property of all 
Roma)i. citizens, the census; censum habere, Cic. ; 
agere, to take a census, Liv. ; censu prohibere, 
Cic. ; censu excludere, to refuse to enrol in the 
census, Liv. ; censum perficerc, Liv. ; censum 
accipere, Liv.; censum alicuiusaugerc, extenuate, 
Cic. B. Meton., a, the censor's list, Cic; b, the 
amount of property necessary for enrolment in a 
certain rank; senatorius = S00,000 sesterces, 
Suet. ; cquester = 400,000 sesterces, Suet. ; homo 
sine censu, a poor man, Cic. ; dat ceusus ho- 
nores, Ov. 

centaureum -ei, n. and centaurium -ii, 
n. (xei'Taiipcioi'), the plant centaury, Verg. 

Centaurus -i, in. (KeWavpos). I. a centaur, 
a monster, half man and half horse, Verg. ; no- 
bilis, Chiron, Hor. ; hence adj., Centaureus 
-a -T3W1. II. f. the name of a ship, Verg. 

centenaruis -a -inii (centenus), containing 
a hundred, relating to a hundred, Varr., Plin. 

centenus -a -um (centum). I. Sing., used 
collectively, a hundred; centena arbore, Verg. 
II. Plur., num. distrib., a hundred each, Cic. 

centesimus -a -um, num. ordin. (centum), 
the hundredth; lux ab interitu Clodii, Cic. 
Subst., centesima -ae, f. (sc. pars), the hun- 
dredth part ; a, a tax of one per cent., Cic. ; b, 
of interest of money, one per cent, (reckoned at 
Rome by the month, therefore = 12 per cent, per 
annum); binae centesimae = 2i per cent. ; quat- 
ernae, Cie. ; perpetuae, compound interest, Cic. 

centiceps -cTpItis (centum and caput), hun- 
dred-headed; belua, Cerberus, Hor. 

centiens or centies, adv. (centum), a 
hundred times ; HS. centies (sc. centena milia), 
ten million sesterces, Cic. 

centimanus -a -um (centum and mauus), 
hundred-handed, Hor., Ov. 

centiplex, v. centuplex. 

cento -onis, m. (Kevrptov), patchwork, a cover- 
ing of rags; in war, coverings toward off missiles 
or extinguish fires, Caes. 

centum, indecl. numer., 1, a hundred, Cic. ; 
2, hyperbol., any indefinitely large number; 
centum puer artium, Hor. 

centumgeinlnus -a -um, hundred-fold; 
Briareus, hundred-armed, Verg. 

centumpondium -Ii, n. a weight of a hun- 
dred jwunds, Plaut. 

centum vir -i , m . , plur. centum viri -orum , 
m. a college of 105 magistrates (increased under 
the emperors to 180), yearly elected at Home, 
having jurisdiction over cases relating to inherit- 
ance, Cic. 

centumviralis -e, relating to the centum- 
viri; causa, heard before the centumviri, Cie. 

centunculus -i, m. (dim. of cento), a little 
}Xdeh, or patchwork, Liv. 

centuplex -Ids, a hundred-fold, Plant 

Oentiiria -ae, f, (centum), a division of 100 ; 

1, a covijxtny of soldiers, originally 100, after- 
wards 00, Liv. ; 2, a century, one of the 1U3 divi- 
sions into which Servius Tullius distributed the 
Hainan people; praerogatfva, the century which 
obtained by lot the privilege of first voting, Cic. 

ccnturiatim, adv. (centuria), by centuries or 
companies, Caes., Cic. 

1. centuriatus -us, m. (1. centurio), the 
division into conqianies or centuries, Liv. 

2. centuriatus -us, ru. (2. centurio), the 
centurion's office, Cic. 

1. centurio, 1. (centuria), to divide into cen- 
turies; juventutem, Liv.; comitia centuriata, 
the assembly in which the whole Roman people 
voted in their centuries (e.g., at the election of 
a consul), Cic. ; lex centuriata, a law passed in 
sitcli an assembly, Cic. 

2. centurio -onis, m. (centuria), a commander 
of a century, a centurion, Cic. 

centurionatus -us, m. (2. centurio), the 

election of centurions, Tac. 

Centuripae -arum, f. and Centiiripa 

-orum, n. (toi KcvTopin-a), a town in Sicily, now 
Centorbi ; hence, Centuripmus -a -um, of or 

belonging to Centunpa, 

centussis -is, m. (centum and as), a hundred 
asses, Pers. 

ceniila -ae, f. (dim. of cena), a little meal, 

cenum, v. caenum. 

Coos, v. Cea. 

cepa, v. cacpa. 

Cophallenia -ae, f. (KeipaWnvia), island in 
the Ionic Sea (now Cefalonia) ; hence, Cephal- 
lenes -um, in. inhabitants of CepiMllenia. 

Cephaloedis -Idis, f. (-iuni -ii, n.) F town on 
the north coast of Sicily. Adj., Cephaloedita- 
nus -a -um, of or belonging to Cephaloedis. 

Ccphenes -um, m. (K^r^*?), a people of 
Aethiopia, hence adj., Cephenus -a -um, Ce- 

Cepheus -ei, m. (Kjj^ei/'s), a mythical king of 
Aethiopia, husband of Cassiope, father of Andro- 
meda. Adj., Cepheius -a -um, of or belonging 
to Cepheus; virgo, Andromeda, Ov. ; aiva, 
Aethiopia, Ov. ; Cepheus -a -um, Ethiopian; 
also, Cepheis -idos, f. Andromeda, Ov. 

Cephisus, or Cephissus -i, m. (Kr)<j*o-6$, 
K>j^>i<T<rd;). I. a river in Boeotia, and, as a river- 
god, the father of Narcissus ; hence, Cephlsius 
-Ii, in. = Narcissus, Ov. Adj., Cephisis -Mia, 
f. of or belonging to Cephisus ; undae, Ov. II. a 
river of Attica, Ov. Adj., Cephisias -adis, f. 
of or belonging to the Cephisus. 

Cera -ae, f. (connected with kijpo?), wax. A. 
Lit., mollissima, Cic. ; ceras excudere (of bees 
making their hive), Verg. B. Meton., articles 
made of wax ; a, writing-tablets coated with tvax, 
Cic. ; b, a waxen seed, Cic. ; c, a waxen image, 
Sall.^ ■ 

Ceramlcus -i, m. (Kepa/u«u<cd?), lit., the pot- 
tery market, the name of two places at Athens, one 
within, the other without the wall, in the latter of 
which statues were erected to the heroes who fell in 

ccrarium -i, n. (cora), a fee for seeding a 
document, Cic. 

cerastes -ae, m. (Kepaa-njs), the horned snake, 

1. cerasus -i, f. («'pu<ros), 1, a cherry-tree, 
Ov. ; 2, (i cherry, Prop. 

2. Cerasus -uutis, f. (KcpavoCt), a town in 
Vontus, whence came the cherry. 

cer 92 


ceraunius -a -um («pauVios), ceranuia 
gemma, or subst., ceraunlum -i, n. r a kind 
of precious stone, Plin. 

Ceraunf I montes, ami alunc Cerauma 
•oruin, n. mountains inEpirus. 

Cerberos and -us -i, m. (Ke'ppVpos), the three- 
headed dog nt the gates of Tartarus. Adj., Cer- 
bereus -a -um, of or belonging to Cerberus. 

Ccrcina -ae, f. (KtpioVa), a large island off 
the African coast, now Kerkine or Cherkara or 

cercoplthecos and -us -i, in. (»tfpK<»ri0?)i«>s), 
a kind of long-tailed ape, Mart., Juv. 

cerciirus -i, n\.(KtpKovpos), 1, a light species 
of vessel peculiar to Cyprus, Liv. ; 2, a kind of 
sea-fish, Ov. 

Ceroyo -unis, in. (KepKiW), a brigand in 
Attica, killed by Theseus. Adj., Cercyoneus 
-a -um, of »>r belonging to Cercyo. 

cerdo -onis, in. (Ktpios), a handicroftwrn, 
artimn, Juv. ; sutor cerdo, a cobbler, Mart. 

cerebrdsus -a -urn (cerebrum), hot-brained, 
hot-tempered, Hor. 

cerebrum -i, n. A. thebrain, Cic. B.Meton., 
a, the understanding, Hor. ; b, anger, Hor. 

Ceres -Sris (root CER, CUE, whence creo). 
X, the Itoman goddess of agriculture, the daugh- 
ter of Saturn and Ops, sister of Jupiter and Pluto, 
and mother of Proserpine ; prov., Cereri has nup- 
tias facere, i.e.. without wine, Plant. II. Meton., 
grain, com, Verg., Hor.; whence the proverb, 
sine Cerere et Libero friget Venus, Ter. Adj., 
Cereall3 -e, relating toCeres, relating to cultiva- 
tion and agriadture, Ov. ; papaver, the emblem of 
Ceres, Verg. ; cenae, splendid, as at the festival 
of Ceres, Plaut. ; aediles, who superintended the 
supply of provisions ; hence subst., Cerealla 
-lam, n. the, 'clival of Ceres. 

cerSus -a -um (cera). L waxen, Cic. ; castra, 
the cells of a hive, Verg. Subst., cerSus -i, m. 
o wax taper, Cic. II. Meton., 1, wax-coloured ; 
rruna, Verg.; brachia Telephi, smooth as wax, 
Hor. ; 2, flexible -Jilce wax; cereus in vitiuin 
' flecti, Hor. 

cerintha -ae, f. (ojpiVOr)), the wax flower, a 
plant of which bees are fond, Verg. 

cerlnUS -a-um (iriiptvos), wax-coloured, Plin. 

cerno, crevi, cretum, 3. (Root CRE, CD I, 
Gr. KP1, whence KpiVu, cribrum.) I. to sepa- 
rate, sift; aliquid in cribri.s, Ov. II. Transf. 
A. to distinguish ; 1, with the senses, a, ut 
lion sensu, sed mente cernatur, Cic. ; b, esp. of 
the eyes, acies ipsa, qua cerniinus, quae pupula 
vocatur, Cic. ; withacc, Pompeianum non cerno, 
Cic. ; withacc. andintin., cernebatur novissimos 
illoruin i>remi, Caes. ; 2, with the mind, a, to 
perceive; animus plus ccrnit et longius.Cic. ; b, 
cemi in aliqua re, to show oneself, to be shown; 
fortis animus ct magnus duobus rebus maxime 
cernitur, Cic. B. to decide, 1, in battle s to con- 
tewl; niagnis in rebus inter se, Lucr. ; 2, to re- 
solve, determine; quodeumque senatus crcverit, 
agunto, Cic. ; 3, as legal t.t., to acceptan inherit- 
ance; hereditatcmcernere, Cic. ; fig., banc quasi 
lalsam hereditatem alicnae gloriae, Cic. 

cernuus -a-um, falling headlong, with the 
face towards the ground; equus, Verg. 

coro, 1. to sinear or cover with wax, gen. in 
perf. partic. pass., ccrata tabella, Cic. 

Ceroma -atis, ll. (»njpw/ia). A. an ointment of 
oil end wax used by wrestlers, Juv. B, Meton., 
a, the arena, for wrestling, Plin. ; b, wrestling 
itself, Mart. 

ceromatfous -a -inn (»rr;p<L>p:uTiicos) t anointed 
With the ceroma, Juv. | 

cerritus -a-um (contracted from ccrebritus, 
from cerebrum), frantic, mad, Plaut., Hor. 

COITUS -i, m. a kind of oak, the Turkey oak, 

certamen -Inis, n. (2. certo), contest; a, in 
gymnastics; gladialorium vitae, Cic. ; h,anykind 
of rivalry; honoris et gloriae, Cic. ; in certamen 
virtutis venire, Cic; c, a fight; proelii, Cic; 
vario certamine pu»natum est, Caes.; d, con- 
tent ion, rivalry ; est mini tecum pro aris et focis 
certamen, Cic 

certatim, adv. (certatus, from 2. certo), 
em.ulously, eagerly, as if striving for a 2»'i:c, Cic. 

certatio -onis, f. (2. certo), a contest; a, 
in games, corporuni, Cic. ; b, in words or ac- 
tions, virtuti cum voluptate certatio, Cic. ; c, 
a legal contest; multac poenae, as to the amount 
of a fine to be. inflicted, Cic. ; d, emulation ; 
certatio honesta inter amicos, Cic. 

certe, adv. (certus). I. a, certainty, as- 
suredly ; ea quae certe vera sunt, Cic. ; in an- 
swers, without doubt, Cic. ; b, certe scio, cer- 
tainly, I know it, Cic. II. at least, at all events; 
mihi certe, Cic. ; certe tamen, Cic. 

1. certo, adv. (certus), certainly, assuredly, 
undoubtedly ; nihil ita exspectare quasi certo 
futuruin, Cic. ; esp. in phrase, certo scio, 1 am 
sure of it, Cic. 

2. certo, 1. (Root CER, whence cerno and 
cretus), to contend, struggle (with the idea of 
rivalry). A. Lit., de imperio cum popnlo Ro- 
mano, Cic. 3. Transf., 1, in words, verbis, 
oratione, Liv. ; 2, of law, to dispute; inter se, 
Cic. ; 3, to vie with ; offieiis inter se, Cic ; foil. 
by infill., vincere, Verg. 

certus -a -um (cerno). I. Lit., separated, 
Cato. II. Transf., A. certain, definite, fixed, 
decided; 1, certum est mihi consilium, Plant.; 
certum est (mihi, etc.), J am resolved; sibi 
certum esse a judiciis causisque discedere, 
Cic. ; 2, of persons, certus mori, determined to 
die, Verg.; certus eundi, determined to go, Verg. 
B. 1, certain, fixed; certus ac detinitus locus, 
Cic. ; certi homines, certain men, Cic. ; 2, secure, 
to be depended on; bona et certa tempestate, Cic; 
certissinia poptili Romani vectigalia, Cic. ; of 
persons, homo certissinuis, to be depended upon, 
Cic. ; 3, true, undoubted, sure; argumentuin 
odii certius, Cic; certum est, it is certain; est 
certum quid respondeam, Cic. ; aliquid certi est, 
something is certain; si qnicquam humanorum 
certi est, Liv. ; certum scio, / know it for 
certain; quamdiu aftutura sunt, certum sciri 
nullo modo potest, Cic. ; certum habeo, / 
have it for aertain, Cic. ; certum inveniri noil 
potest (followed by tie (enclit.) . . . an), Caes. ; 
certum respnndeo, Cic; pro certo scio, Liv.; 
pro certo habeo, Cic. ; pro certo puto, ap. 
Cic; pro certo ncgo, Cic; polliceor, Cic; 
dico, Cic. ; aflirmo, Liv. ; pono, Liv. ; creditur, 
Sail.; ad certum redigere, to make it certain, 
Liv. ; certum (as adv.), nondura certum constitu- 
erat, Cic. ; of persons, certi patres, undoubted, 
Cic. ; 4, certain of a thing; certi suinus perisse 
omnia, Cic. ; certum facere aliqitem, to inform, 
Verg. ; in prose, certiorem facere aliquem ; with 
genit.,sui consilii, Cic ; with de, de Gennaiioiuin 
discessu, Caes.; withacc. and inlin., P. African- 
nin simulacrum Dianae majoribus suis restitu- 
isse, Cic; with rel. sent., quid egerim, Cic; 
with subj. (without a particle), paulisper inter- 
mittercnt proeliuin, gins orders to, etc., Cic. 

cerula -ac, f. (dim. of cera), a little piece oj 
wax; miniata, a kind of red pencil for marking 
errors in MSS., Cic. ; cerulas tuas ininuitulas cx- 
timcscpbam, criticisms, Cic. 

cerva -ac, f. (ccrvus), a hind. Liv. ; poet,, 
deer, Verg, 




cervarius -a -am (cervus), relating to deer, 


cervical -alis n. (cervix), a cushion for the 
head, a pillow, bolster, riin. 

cervicula -ae, f. (dim. of cervix), a little 
neck, Cic. 

cervinus -a -uw (cervus). relating to a stag; 
pellis, Hor. ; senectu.s, extreme old age, because 
the stag was believed to be very long-lived, Juv. 

cervix -Icis, f. the nape of the neck, the neck. 

I. Of living beings, Cic. ; alicui cerviceni frang- 
ere, to break the neck of any one, Cic. ; dare 
cervices alicui, to submit to death, Cic. ; also, 
cervices securi subjicere, Cic. ; tig., imponere 
in cervicibus alicuius sempiteruuiii dominium, 
to lay the yoke of mastery on, Cic; in cervicibus 
alicuius esse, to be in burdensome and dangerous 
proximity, Liv. II. Used of inanimate things, 
amphorae, Mart. ; Peloponnesi, the Isthmus of 
Corinth, Plin. 

cervus -i, m. (Kepaos), a stag. A. Lit., 
Cic. B. Transf., cervi, military t.t., branches of 
trees stuck in the ground as a palisade, to impede 
the advance of an enemy, Caes. 

cespes, v. caespes. 

cessatlo -onis, f. (cesso), 1, a delaying, 
Plaut. ; 2, inactivity, cessation, laziness, leaving 
off, idleness; libera atque otiosa, Cic. 

cesaator -oris, m. (cesso), one who loiters and 
lingers; eessatorem esse solere, praesertim in 
litteris, Cic. 

cessio -onis, f. (cedo), a giving up, a cession ; 
legal t.t., injure cessio, a fictitious surrender, Cic. 

cesso, 1. (freq. of cedo). I. Lit., to leave 
off, linger, delay, cease ; si tabellarii non cessa- 
rint, Cic. II. Transf., 1, to toiler, to be idle; a, 
quid cessarent, Liv. ; in suo studio atque opere, 
Cic. ; b, to be negligent in one's duty, Hor. ; 2, 
a, to rest, to take rest ; non nocte, non die unquam 
cessaverunt ab opere, Liv. ; non cessare with 
iutin., not to cease; ille in Achaia non cessat de 
nobis detrahere, Cic. ; b, to be idle, make holiday, 
do nothing ; cur tarn nniltos deos nihil agere et 
cessare patitur, Cic. ; cessasse Letoides aras, 
remained unvisited, Ov. ; of land, to lie fallow; 
alternis cessare novales, Verg. 

ceatrosphendone -es, f. (Kcorpoo-^ei'Sdw)), 
an engine for hurling stones, Liv. 

1. cestUS -i, m. (iceoTos), a girdle, esp. the 
girdle of Venus, Mart. 

2. cestus -us, in. v. caestus. 

cetarius -a -um (cetus), relating to sea-fish, 
particularly to the tunny-fish. I. Adj., Tac. 

II. Subst. A. cetarius -ii, m. a fishmonger, 
a dealer in sea-fish, particularly txinny-fish, Ter. 
B. cetaria -ae, f. and cotarium -ii, n. 
(ojTci'a), a bay in the sea where the tunny-fish col- 
lected and were caught, Hor. 

cite, v. cetus. 

cetcroqul or ceteroquin, adv. otherwise, 
else, Cic. 

ceterua -a -um (= eVeooj), the other, the rest; 
(iing. only used collectively, cetera classis, Liv. ; 
nom. sing.masc. not found); usually found in 
the plur. ceteri -ae -a ; omnes ceterae res, Cic. ; 
et cetera or simply cetera, awl so on, Cic. ; adv., 
ceterum, for the rest, moreover, Cic. ; cetera, be- 
sides, Cic. ; so, de cetero, Cic. ; ad cetera, Liv. 

Cethegus -i, m. the name of an old patrician 
family of the gens Cornelia, to which belonged C. 
Cornelius Cethegus, a conspirator with Catiline, 
put to death by Cicero. 

cetra -ae, f. a small Spanish shield, Verg., Liv. 

cetratus -a -um (cetra), armed with the cetra, 
C*es., Liv. 

cette, v. cedo. 

cetus (xrJTos), ->, "i- aud cetos, plur. cete, n. 
(icrJTea, contr. kt)ti)), any large sea-fish, the whale, 
dolphin ; used esp. of tlie tunny-fish, Verg. 

ceu, adv. (contr. from ce-ve, as neu from 
neve), as, like us; ecu quum, as when, Verg.; 
ceu si, as if, Verg. ; esp. in comparison, as if; 
per aperta volans, ceu liber habeiiis, aequora, 

Ceutrones -um, ace. -as, in. 1. a people in 
Gallia provincia ; 2, a people in Gallia Belgica. 

Ceyx -ycis, m. (Ktjv£). I. king of Trnchin, 
husband of Alcyone, changed with her into a king- 
fisher, Ov. IL Plur., appel. ceyces -um, in., 
the male kingfishers, Plin. 

Chaeronea -ae, f. (Xaipiiveia), a town in 
Boeotia, birth-place of Plutarch, scene of a victory 
of Philip of Macedon over the Athenians. 

Chalcioecos -i, f. (XaA/ciWov, with the 
brazen house, name of the Greek Athena), the 
temple of Minerva. 

Chalciope -es, f. (XaXKiomj), daughter of 
Aeetes, sister of Medea, wife of Phryxus. 

Chalcis -idis, f. (XaAia's), the chief city of 
Euboea, on, the banks of the Euripus; hence adj., 
Chalcidfcus -a -um, Chalcidian ; versus, 
poems of Euphorion, born at Chalcis, Verg. ; arx, 
Cumae, said to have been a colony of Chalcis, Verg. ; 
Chalcidensis -e, Chalcidian. 

Cbalcitis -idis, f. (xaXiciTiv), copper ore, Plin. 

Chaldaea -ae, f. (XaAScu'a), the south-west 
part of Babylonia from the Euphrates to the 
Arabian desert, the inhabitants of which were 
famous for astrology and soothsaying; hence, 
a, Cbaldaeus -a -um, Chaldaean; subst., 
Cbaldaei -orain, m. (XoASaioi), soothsayers, 
Cic. ; b, Chaldaeicus -a -um, Chaldaic. 

chalybelus -a -urn, made of steel, Ov. 

Chalybes -uin, m. (XaAv0es), a people in 
Pontus, famous for their steel. 

chalybs -ybis, m. (xaAt»/<). A. steel ; vulnifi- 
cus, Verg. B. Meton., articles made of steel; 
a sword, Son. ; a horse's bit, Lucr. ; the tip of an 
arrow, Lucr. 

chamaeleon -onis and -ontis in. (\.apcu- 
kiuv), the chamaeleon, Plin. 

Chaones -um, m. (Xaovfs), a people of north- 
western, Epirus ; hence adj., Chaonius -a -um, 
Epirote ; pater, Jupiter, whose ora9ki was at Do- 
dona, Verg. ; Chaonis -idis, f. Chaonian ; ales, - 
the pigeon of Dodona, Ov.; arbos, the oak, Ov. 
Chaonia -ae, f. the district ofChaonia. 

chaos, ace. chaos, abl. chao (other cases not 
found), n. (x<»os), 1, the lower world, Ov. ; per- 
sonified, the father of Night and Erebus, Verg. ; 
2, the shapeless mass out of which the universe 
was made, chaos, Ov. 

ohara -ae, f. a root, perhaps wild cabbage, 

Charlstia (caristia) -drum, n. (xapiVna), a 
festival celebrated among the Romans on the 22nd of 
February, the chief object of which was the recon- 
cilement of family disagreements, Ov. 

Charltes -um, f. (Xapires), the Graces (pur« 
Lat. Gratiao), Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia, 

Charmadafc -ae, in. (XapnaSas), a disciple 
of Carneades, belonging to the Academic school 
(teaching at Athens, 109 B.C.). 

Charon -ontis, m.(Xapwi>), Charon, the ferry- 
man, who took the souls of the dead over the river 

Charondas ae, m. (XapwVSas), a celebrated 




legislator of Catana, living about the middle of 
tlie seventh century B.C. 

charta -ae, 1. (xapr>)s), a leaf of the Egyptian, 
pajiyrtu. paper, I, A. Lit., charta dentata, 
smoothed, cic. B. Melon., a, the papyrus plant, 
Plln. ; b, that which is written upon it, a tetter, 
j>oem, etc. ; nc chavta no* prodat, Cic. II. 
Tralisf., fr thin leaf of any substance; plninbea, 

chartula -ae, f. (dim. of charta), a little 
paper, a small writing, Cic. 

Charybdis -is, f. (Xapvflin). a dangerous 
whirlpool in the Sicilian straits, opposite the 
rock Scylla, Cic. ; tig., anything voracious, greedy, 
or destructive ; Charylxlim bonomm, voraginem 
potius dixerim, Cic; quanta laborabas Charybdi, 

_ Cbatti (Catthi, Catti) -orum, m. (Xottoi). a 
German people (in modern Hesse). 

Chauoi -orum, m. a German people on the 


Chile -es, f. (xv^rj), plur. chelae, the arms of 
the Scorpion in the signs of the Zodiac, and (since 
these reach into the constellation of Libra) 
Libra, Verg. 

Chclidoniae insulae, islands on the coast of 
J.ycia (lit. suxtllow islands), facing the Chelido- 
liiaruni or Chelidonium promontorium. 

chelydrus -i, m. (x<r'Av5pos), an amphibious 
snake, \ erg. 

chelys. ace. -ym and -yn, voc. -y, f. (\e'Au?), 
1, the tortoise, Petr. ; and hence, 2, the lyre malic 
of its shell (pure Latin, testudo), Ov. 

Clierronesus and Chersonesus -i, f. 
(Xeppovxaos), 1, a peninsula, Cic. ; 2, Thracia. 
the Tfiracian peninsula on the Hellespont, Cic. 

Cheruscl -Orum, in., o mople in North Ger- 

ehillarchus -i, m. (xiWpxns). lj « com- 
mander of 1,000 soldiers, Tac.; 2, among the 
Persians, the chancellor, or prime minister, Nop. 

Chlmaera -ae, f. (xlpaipa, a goat), a fire- 
breathing monster with the fore parts of a ii , 
the middle of a goat, and the hind parts of u 
dragon, killed by Bellerophon. Adj., Chimaer- 
eus -a -am, 

chimaerifer -fera, -ferum (Chimaera and 
fero), proilucing the Chimaera, an epithet of 

Chione -es, f. (Xidn)\ L, mother of Eumnlpns 
&?/ Neptune; whence Chlonides -ae, m. = 
Eumolpns, Ov. ; 2, mother of Autolycus by Mer- 

ClllOS or ChlUS -i, f. (Xi'os), an island in 
the Aegean Sea (now Scio), famous for its wine; 
hence adj., ChlUS -a -uni, Chian ; vinum, 
Plant.; orsubst, Chium -i, II. Chian wine, 
Hor. ; Chii -orum, in. the Chians, Cic. 

chiragra -ae, f. (xeipavpa), the gout in the . 
hands, Hor., Mart. 

chirSgraphum -i, n. (xfipdypa<poi-), an 
autograph, a person's own handwriting ; alicuius 
chirogrnphuni imitaii, Cic. 

Chiron, Chiro -onis, in. (Xci'pwi/), a centaur, 
son of Saturn and Phillyra, the jircceptor of 
Aesaihijiius, Jason, and Achilles, killedhy Hercules. 

chironomos -i., c, ami chironomon 

-ontis, in. (xeipoi'o/105, xftpuyo^wf), one who uses 
the liiimls skilfully, a mime, Juv. 

Chirurgia -ae. f. (xeipoupyi'a), surgery; fig 
sed ego diaetu curare lliclpio, chirurgiae taedi i, 
violent remedies, Cic. 

chlamydatus -a -urn (chlamys), clothed in 
the chlamys, Cic. 

chlamys -ydis, f., and chlamyda -ae, t. 
(x\up.vs), a large ujiper garment of wool, often 
ot purple and gold, worn in Greece, Cic, Vcrg. 

Chloris -Wis, f. (XAwpt?, the green one), a, = 
Lat, Flora, the. goddess of flowers, Ov. ; b, a 
Greek female nanw, Hor. 

Choerilus -i, m. (Xoipi'Ao?), a poet who ac- 
companied Alexander the Great in his Persian 

chdragium -ii, 11. (xop>jyioi'), the training of 
a chorus, l'laut. 

choragus -i., m. (xop>)y<k), he who supplies 
the chorus and all appurtenances, Plant. 

choraules -ae, m. (xopav'Aijs), a flute-player, 

chorda -ae, f. (\op5n), string, cat-gut (of a 
musical instrument), Cic. 

chorea -ae, f. (xopeu.), re dance to the sound 
of the dancers voices, Verg. 

choreus-i, m., and chorius,' 

the metrical foot— U) afterwards called a trochee, 

chorocitharistes -ae, m, (x°poia0ap«7Tris), 
one who accompanies a chorus on the cithara, 

chorus -i, in. (xopds). I. a dance in a circle,] 
a. choral dance; agitare, exercerc, Verg. II. 
Meton., the persons singing and dancing, the 
chorus,C\c. A. Lit., Dry aduin, Verg.; Nereidum, 
Verg.; the chorus of a tragedy, Hor. B. Transf., 
a crowd, troop of any kind; Catilinam stipatum 
choro juventutis, Cic. 

Chronics -metis, m. an old miser in several 
of the. plays of Terence. 

Christianus -i, m. (XpumavdO, a Christian, 


Christus -i, m. (Xpiords), Christ, Tac, Plin.. 

chrdmis -is, m. (xpoMis)i a sea-Jish, Ov. 

Chrysa -ae, f. and Chrysc -es, f. (XpuVij), 
a town in Mysia, near which was a temple of 
Apollo Smintheus. 

Chrysas -ae, m. a river in Sicily, now Dit- 
ta ino. 

Chryses -ae, m. (Xpi'.<rr,?), the priest of Apollo 
at Chrysa, whose daughter was a(7ried off by the 
Greeks ; hence, Chryseis -Idos, f. 'Xpvo-nh), 
the daughter of Chryses = Astynome. 

ChrySippUS -i, in. (Xpv'criTT-Tro?), 1, Stoic 
philosopher of Soli in Cilicia, b. 2S2,_b.o. ; 2, 
freedman of Cicero's. Adj., Chryslppeus 

-a -uni, of or belonging to Chrysippus. 

Chrysis -Mis, f. (Xpixri?), name of one of the. 
female characters in the Andria of Terence. 

chrysolithus -i, in. and f. (xpuo-dAiOoO, 
chrysolite, or topaz, Plin. 

chrysdphrys, ace. -yn, f. (xpuVo^puj), re 
kind ofsm-jhh with a golden spot over each eye, Ov. 

chrysos -i, m. (xpucrds), gold, Plant. 
chus, v. congius. 

cibarius -a -11m (cibus), relating to food. A. 
Lit., uva [used for eating only, not for wine, Plant. 
Subflt., Clbaria ■OTum, n. food, rations, fodder; 
corn allowed to provincial magistrates, Cic ; rations. 
for soldiers, Cafts. B. Meton. (from the food 
usually given to servants), ordinary, common; 
panis, black bread, Cic. 

cibatus -us, m. (cibo), food, nourishment, 

cibo, 1. (cilms), to feed, Suet. 

ciborium -ii, h, (jci/?<jpto><), and ciboria 
-ae, f. literally, the seed pod of the Egyptian bean ; 
and hence, a large drinking-vessel of similar 
shape, Hor, 




Cibus -i, in. food for man and beast, nourish- 
ment, fodder. I. Lit., A- Gen., cibum suniere, 
Nep. ; subducorc, Cic. B. Esp., a, auiinalis, 
nourishment that the lungs draw from the air, 
Cic; b, bait; fallax, Ov, II. Transf., susten- 
ance; quasi quidam hnmanitatis cibus, Cic. 

Clbyra -ac, f. (K<.0v'p a )> a town in Pisidia ; 
hence, A. Cibyrates -ae, c. of Oibyra. B. 
Cibyraticus -a -mn, of or belonging to Cibyra. 

cicada -ae, f. a cicada, or tree cricket, Verg. ; 
expeetate cicadas, summer, Juv. 

cicatricosus -a -urn (cicatrix), covered with 
scars, Plant. 

cicatrix -Icis, f. a scar, cicatrice; adversae or 
execptae corpore adverso, wounds received in 
front, and therefore honourable, Cic; the marks 
of incisions in plants, Verg. ; the patch upon an 
old shoe, Juv.; fig., refricare obductam jam rei- 
publicae cicatrical!, Cic. 

ciccum -i, n. (kikkos), the core of a pomegran- 
ate; hence something worthless; ciccum 11011 inter- 
duini, Plaut. 

cicer -eris, n. a chick-pea, Hor. 

Cicero -finis, in. name of a family of the gens 
Tidlia, to which belonged, 1, M. Tullius Cicero, 
the greatest Roman orator and writer, bom a.c. 
100, at Arpinum, murdered at the command of 
Antonius a.c. 4:s ; 2, Qu. Tullius Cicero, brother 
of the aliove. Hence adj., Clccroiucuius -a 
-mn, Ciceronian. 

Cicones-um, in. (Kikoi-cs), a Thracian people. 

ciconia -ac, f. 1, o stork, Hor., Ov. ; 2, a 
gesture of ridicule, made by bending tlte fore-finger 
into the shape of a stork's neck, Per.s. 

cicur -liris, tame; bestia, Cic. 

cicuta -ae, f. A. hemlock, Hor. B. Meton., 
1, poison extracted from the hemlock, Hor. ; 2, a 
shepherd's piipe, made from the hemlock stalk, 

cieo, clvi, cTtum, 2. (connected with xi'u, Kii>eu>), 
to cause to move, to move, shake. I. a, natura 
omnia eiens et agitans motibus et mutationibus 
suis, Cic. ; b, legal t.t., herctum ciere, to divide 
the inheritance. Cic; c, yniguam ciere, togivenew 
impulse to the battle, Liv. ; d, to disturb, agitate; 
mare venfci et aurae cient, Liv. ; e, to summon to 
battle; aliquettl ad anna, Liv.; f, to summon to 
help; nocturnos manes carminibus, Verg. II. 
a, to excite, to arouse; procellas proelia atque 
aeies, Liv. ; seditioncs, Liv. ; b, to utter; gem- 
itus, Verg.; c, toccdlby name; aliqucm magna 
voce, Verg. ; pattern, name one's fatlver, i.e., 
prove one's free birth, Liv. 

Cilicia -ae, f. (KiAixi'a), a country of Asia 
Minor; hence adj., 1, Cilix -Icis, Cilician; pi. 
Cilices -sin, in. the Cilicians; Cilissa -ae, 
f., Cilician; spica, saffron, Ov. ; 2, Ciliclus -a 
-urn, Cilician. Subst., Cilicium -li, n. a coarse 
cloth, or covering made of Cilician goats' hair, 

cilium -li, n. the eye-lid, Plin. 

Cilia -ae, ace. -an, f. (Ki'AAa), a town in Aeolis. 

Cilnius -a -um, Cilnia gens, a distinguished 
Etruscan family, from which Maecenas was de- 

Cimbri -ornm, in. (KiV/3poi), the Cimbrians, 

a German tribe wlw invaded the Roman Empire 

and were defeated by Marins; sing., Cimber 

. -bri, m. a Cimbricui. Adj., Cimbricus -a -um, 


cimex -icis, m, a bug, Cat. ; as a term of 
reproach, Hor. 

Ciminus -i, m. and Cimimus lacns, a lake 

in Etruria near to a mountain of the same name. 

Cimmerii -orum, m. (Ki/i^epioi). I. a 

Thracian people, living on the bniericf. Adj., 
Cimmcrlus -a -um, Cimmerian. II, ft mythi- 
cal people, living in the extreme Welt in darkness 
and mist. Adj., Cimmerlus -a -um, Cimme- 
rian = dark ; lacns, the lower world, Tib. 

Cimolus -i, f. (Ki'/j<uAos), one of the Cyclades 

Cimon -Onis, m. (Kiixtov), an Athenian 

cinaedicus -a -um (cinaedus), unchaste, 

cinaedus -i, m. (xiVatSo?), one who indulges, 
in unnatural lust, a, Plant., Cat. Adj., cin- 
aedus -a -um — bold, shameless; homo cinaeda 
fronte, Mart. ; b, a wanton, dancer, Plant. 

Cinara -ae, f. (Kivapa), a, aw island in lli&i 
Aegaean Sea; b, a woman's name, Hor. 

1. cincinnatus -a -am (cincinnus), having 
curled hair, Cic. ; of comets, stellae eas quas 
Graeci cometas, nostri cincinnatas vocant, Cic i 

2. Cincinnatus -i, m. the name of a patrician ' 
family oftlie gens Quinctia, to which belonged L. 
Quinctius Cincinnatus, a type of old Roman hon-> 
esty and simplicity, consul 460 B.C., in 458 B.C. 
called from the plough to be dictator. 

Cincinnus -i, in. (xtWyo?). A. curled hair, 
a lock of hair, Cic. B. Transf., artificial rhetor- 
ical ornament, Cic. 

Cincius -a -um, name of a Roman gens. I.- 
L. Cincius Alimentus, annalist at the time of the 
Second Punic War. II. M. Cincius Alimentus,-. 
tribune of the people, 205 B.C., author of the lex. 
Cincia forbidding advocates to receive pay. 

cinctura -ae, f. (cingo), a girdle, Suet. 

cinotus -iis, m. (cingo), a girding ; 1, Ga- 
binus, a particular way of wearing the toga, at, 
religious festivals, in which one end was thrown . 
over the head, and the other passed round the 
waist, so as to look like a girdle, Liv. ; 2, a 
girdle, Suet. 

cinctutus -a -um (cinctus), girded, Hor., Ov. 

cincfactus -a -um (cinis and facio), changed 
into ashes, Lucr. 

cinerarius -li, m. (cinis), a slave who lieated 
in hot ashes the irons for the hair-dresser, Cat. 

Cinga -ae, m. a tributary of the Iberus in 
Hispania Tarraconensis, now Cinca. 

Cingetorix -rigis, m. I. a prince of the- 
Treveri in Gaul. II. a prince in Britain. 

cingo, cinxi, cinctum, 3. to surround. I. in' 
a narrow sense, 1, to surrmmd the body with a' 
girdle, to gird; pass, cingi, as middle, to gird 
oneself; a, ciucta conjux l)ialis, Ov. ; b, to gird 
oneself with a weapon; ense, Ov. ; gladio, Liv.; 
poet, with ace, inutile ferrum cingitur, Verg.; 
hence cingor, to be prepared, ready, Plant. ; 2, to' 
surround the head with a chaplet, to crown; cinge 
tempore lauro, Hor.; anuli cingunt lacertos, > 
Mart. II. in a wider sense, to sun-ound, en- 
circle ; 1, of localities, to surround, inclose; tellus 
ores maris undique cingens, Lucr.; colles cin- 
gunt oppidum, Caes. ; milit. t. t., to surround 
with hostile intent or for protection ; hiberna. 
castra vallo, Caes. ; urbem obsidione, Verg -j 
transf., Sicilia multis undique cincta pericuGs, 
Cic ; 2, to surround a person in society, accom- 
pany ; cingere alicui latus, Liv. ; 3. to circle^ 
rouwl a place; polum coetu (of swans), Verg. 

cingula -ae, f. (cingo), a girdle, Ov. 

1, cingulum -i, n. (cingo), a girdle, a sivori., 
belt (plur.), Verg. 

2. Cingulum -i, n. a town in Picenum. 
cingulus -i, m. (cingo), a girdle of the earth, 

a xone, Cic, 




cJnlflo -onis, m. = cinerarius, Hor. 

cinis -Sris, in., rarely f. (connected with 
it-jrn), ashes. I. Lit., A. Gen., inciiiereni dilabi, 
to become, aslies, Hor. ; from tlic use of ashes for 
scouring came the jhov. huiua sermo cinerem 
liauil quaeritat, Plant. B. Esp., 1, the. ashes of 
a corpse after being burned ; cinis atque ossa ali- 
Cllius, Cic; 2, ruins' of a city that has been 
lUrnt; patriae cineres, Vera. II. Transf., as 
a symbol of destruction ; Troja virum atque vir- 
tutum omnium acerba cinis, the grave, Cat. 

Cinna -ae, m. the name of a family of the 
Cornelii and Helvii. I. I.. Cornelius Cinna, 
partisan of Marius in the civil war against Sulla, 
noted for his cruelty. Adj., Clnnanus -a -Bin, 
Cinnan, II. son of I., one of Caesar's murderers. 

III. son, of II., twice jxirdoned by Augustus. 

IV. C. Helvius Cinna, a poet, the friend of 

olanamomum or cinnamum -i, n. (#ew 
vanufiov, Kivvajiov), cinnamon, Ov. ; as a term of 
endearment, Plaut. 

Cinyps -yphis, m. (Kmi^), a river in Libya, 
between the. two Syrtes ; hence adj., Cinyphius 
•a -urn, 1, relating or belonging to the Cinyps, 
Verg. ; 2, African, Ov. • 

Clnyras -ae, m. (Kivvpas), a mythical king 
of Assyria or Cyprus, father of Myrrha, and by 
her of Adonis. Adj., Cinyreius -a -urn, Ciny- 
rean ; virgo, Myrrha, Ov.; juvenis, Adonis, Ov. 

Clos and Cius -ii, f. (i Kio?), a town in 
Bithynia, now Ghio ; hence, Clani -orum, ni. 
the inhabitants of Cuts. 

cippus -i, m. 1, a tombstone or small tomb, 
Hor. ; 2, plur. milit. t. t., palisades, Caes. 

circa (contr. for circum ea). I. Adv., round 
about; gramen erat circa, Ov.; hence, circa esse, 
to be round about, in the neighbourhood, Liv. ; 
sometimes directly connected with the subst. 
without esse, multarum circa civitatum, Liv. ; 
omnia circa or circa undique, all things around, 
Liv. II. Prep, with ace, 1, of space, a, around, 
at the side of; ligna contulerunt circa casam, 
Nep. ; b, round about to; legatos circa vicinas 
gentes niisit, Liv. ; o, in the neighbourhood of, 
near to; tcmpla circa forum, Cic. ; d, around or 
in company of a person ; trecentos juvenes circa 
se habebat, Liv.; 2, of time, about; circa ean- 
dem horam, Liv. ; lucem, Suet. ; Demetrium, about 
the time of Demetrius, Quint. ; 3, of number 
= circiter, about ; ea fuere oppida circa septua- 
ginta, Liv.; 4, about, in respect to; circa bonas 
artcs publica socordia, Tac. 

circamoerlum -ii, n. = pomoerium (q.v.), 

Circe -es and -ae, ace. -am, abl. -a, f. (Kipxg), 
an enchantnss who lived in the neighbourhood 
of Circeji, where she turned her victims into 
swine, mother of Telegonus by Ulysses; hence 
adj., Circaeus -a -um, Oircean; poculum, en- 
chanted, Cic. ; moenia, Tusculum, said to have 
been built by Telegonus, Hor. ; litus, the promon- 
tory of Circeji, Ov. 

Circeji -orum, m. the town of Circeji on a 
promontory of the same name in Latium. Adj., 
CircejenBis -e, of or belonging to Circeji. 

circensis -e (circus), belonging to the circus ; 
lndi, the games in the circus, Cic. Subst., cir- 
censes -ium, m. (sc. ludi), the circus games, Sen. 

circlnc, 1. (cireinus), to make round, to foi-m 
into a circle, Plin.; poet., easdem circinat auras, 
flits thrcnigh in a circle, Ov. 

cireinus -i, m. (xipKivot), a pair of compasses 
for describing a circle, Caes. 

Circiter, adv. (circus). L Of place, about, 
near, Phut. II. Transf., 1, of time, a, adv. 

with abl., media circiter nocte, Caes. ; b, prep, 
with ace, circiter Calendas, Cic.; 2, of number, 
about ; circiter CCXX naves, Caes. 

circlus = circulus (q.v.). 

circueo, v. circumeo. 

circuitio and circumltio -onis, f. (cir- 
cueo, circumeo), 1, a going round; milit 1. t. 
patrol, Liv.; 2, a roundabout wuy of speak- 
ing or acting; quid opus est circumitione et 
amfractn, Cic. 

circuitus (circfimitus), -us, m. (circueo = 
circumeo), a going round in a circle, circuit, 
revolution. I. Abstract., A. Lit., circuitus 
orbis, Cic. B. Transf., iniri sunt orbes et quasi 
circuitus in rebus publicis commutationum et 
vicissitudinum, Cic. II. Concrete, a, the path 
traversed in going round, a roundabout way, cir- 
cuitous course; longo circuitu petere aliquem 
locum, Caes., Liv.; b, in rhetoric, a period, Cic. ; 
C, compass, circumference, extent ; eius munitionis 
circuitus XI inilia passuum tenebat, Caes. 

circulatim, adv. (circulor), circle-wise, in a 
circle, Suet. 

circulor, 1. dep. (circulus), a, to gather in 
groups for conversation, Caes. ; b, to enter a 
group, to converse, Cic. 

circulus (syncop. circlus) -i, ni. (dim. of 
circus), a circle, circular figure. I. circulus aut 
orbis, qui k6kXo<; Graece dicitur, Cic. ; priusquani 
lioc circulo excedas, Liv. ; hence, the orbit of u 
planet ; stellae circulos suos orbesque coniiciunt 
celeritate mirabili, Cic. II. Esp., a, any circu- 
lar body ; flexilis obtorti circulus auri, poet. = a 
golden collar, Verg. ; circulus muri exterior, Liv.; 
b, a circle or group for conversation ; circulos 
aliquos et sessiunculas consectari, Cic. 

circum (prop. ace. of circus = ki'pkos, in, a 
circle). I. Adv. round about, around; quae 
circum essent, Caes. ; circum sub moenibus, 
Verg. ; circum undique, round about, on all sides, 
Verg. II. Prep, with ace. A. round, about; 
terra circum axem se convertit, Cic. B. round 
about, near, in the vicinity of, around ; circum 
aliquem esse, to be in any one's company, Cic. ; 
habere aliquem circum se, Sail. ; circum haec 
loca coinmorabor, Cic. ; urbes quae circum 
Capuam sunt, Cic. ; circum pedes, in attendance, 
Cic. ; used with verbs of motion, circum villulas 
nostras errare, Cic; legatio circum insulas 
missa, Liv. (circum sometimes after the subst. 
which it governs, Cic, often in Verg.). 

circumactus -a -um, partic. of circumago. 

circumago -egi -actum, 3. I. A. to drive or 
turn round, to drive in a circle, hence a technical 
term for the manumission of a slave, because 
his master took him by the right hand, ami 
turned him round, Sen. B. Transf., of time, 
circumagi or circumagere se, to jmss away, to he 
spent ; annus se circuniegit, Liv. II, to turn or 
tvnst round. A. Lit., equos frenis, Liv. ; cir- 
cumagente sc vento, Liv. B. Transf., quo te 
eireumagaa? how wilt thou evade the difficulty? 
Juv. III. to lead or drive about from one place 
to another. A. Lit., hue illuc clamoribus host- 
ium circumagi, Tac. ; nihil opus est te circumagi, 
follow me about, Hor. B. Transf., to drive 
about, distract, mislead ; rumoribus vulgi cir- 
cumagi, Liv. 

circumaro, to plough round, Liv. 

circumcaesura ae, f. the external outline of 
a body, Lucr. 

circumculo -cidi -clsum, S. (circum and 
caedo), to rut round, to cut, trim. A. Lit., nrs 
agricolarum quae lircumcidat, Cic. ; caespitem 
gladiis, Caes. B. Transf., to make lest, In/ 
cutting, diminish, cut of; nmltitudinem, Cic; 
sumptus, Liv. 




eircumcirea, adv., all round about, ap. Cic, 
circumcisus -a -am, p. adj. (from circura- 

ctilo), of localities, abrupt, steep, inaccessible, 
saxum, Cic. ; collis ex omni parte circumcisus, 

ctrcumcludo -clilsi -clusnm, 3. 1, to shut in, 
enclose on all sides, surround; cornua argento, 
Caes; 2, to surround in a hostile manner; cir- 
cumcluili duobus exercitibus, Caes. ;_ transf., 
Catilina meis praesidiis, mea diligentia circum- 
elusus, Cic. 

circumcolo, 3. to dwell around, dwell near, 

circumcurso, 1. (intens. nf circumcurro), 
to runrouud, Plant., Lucr,, Cat. 

ciroumdo -d&li -datum, 1, surround. I. A. 
to put something ruwul something else; with ace, 
of the tiling placed, and dat, of the thing round 
which it is placed, tcctis ac moenibus subjicere 
ignea circumdareque, Cic. ; anna humeris, Verg. ; 
in tmesis, collo dare hrachia circum, Verg. B. 
Transf. to supply, paci egregiam famam, Tac. 
C. to build or place round ; murum, Caes. ; equi- 
les cornibus, Liv. II. to surround something 
with something else ; with ace. and abl. A. Lit. 
aniniuni corpore, Liv.; tempora vittis, Ov. ; 
regio insulis circuindata, Cic. B. to surround 
in a hostile manner; omnem aciem suain redis 
et earns, Caes. ; oppidum corona, Liv. C. 
Transf., exiguis quilmsdam finibus totum ora- 
toris inumis, Cic. 

circumduct) -dnxi -duetuin, 3. I. to lead 
round, move or drive round. A. exercitum, 
Plant. ; aratrum (of the founding of a colony 
when a plough was driven around the site of the 
wall), Cic. ; flumen ut circino circumductum, 
Caes. B. to lead round, to lead by a round-about 
course; 1, lit., ROhortes qnatuor longiore itin- 
ere, Caes.; absol., praeter castra hostimn eir- 
Cllinducit, lie marches round, Liv.; 2, transf., 
a, to leail astray, deceive, Plant.; b, of dis- 
course, to extend, amplify, Quint. II. to lead 
■round about, to tale tonnd; aliquem omnia 
sua praesidia circumdncere, atque ostentare, 

circumductio -finis, f. (cirenmdnco), cheat- 
ing, deceiving, Plant. 

circumductus -a -nm, partic. nf circum- 

Circiimeo (circueo) -ivi or -ii -Hum -ire, to 
go, travel, or walk round. I. A. Gen., 1, in, 
a circle. ; flagrantes aras, Ov. ; hostimn rastra, 
f.'aes. ; 2, a, to go round in a curve ; utetam fer- 
vi'nti rota, ()v. ; b, transf., (a) to cheat, Ter. ; (j3) 
to express Ivy circumlocution; Vespasiani nomen 
siispensi et vitabundi circiunibant, avoided 
•mentioning, Tac. B. to enclose, surround; aciem 
a latere aperto, Caes. ; fig., in pass., circuiniri 
totius belli fluctibiis, Cic. II. to go the round, 
go about. A. ipse eqno circumiens unuin quem- 
<iue noniinans appellat, Sail.; urbem, Liv. ; pleb- 
em, Liv. ; praedia, to visit, Cic. ; oram maris, 
Cic; vigilias, Liv. B. Esp., to go round to can- 
vass or solicit; senatum cum veste sordida, Liv. ; 
circumire ordines et liortari, Caes. 

circurnequito, 1. to ride round; moenia, 

circumerro, 1. to wander round, Sen. 

circumfero -ttili -latum -ferre, to carry 
round, bring round. I. 1, circumferuntur tab- 
ulae inspiciendi nominis causa, Cic; poculum 
circumfertur, Liv. ; 2, to sjrrecul around ; circa 
ca omnia templa infestos ignes, Liv.; incendia 
etcaedes et terrorem, Tac; bellum, Liv.; 3, 
to move round, turn in all directions (of a part 
of the body, esp. the eyes) ; oculos, Liv. ; 4, 

to spread a report, disseminate news) quae 80 
circumferat esse Corinnam, Ov. II. to carry 
round in a circle ; 1, middle, sol Ut circumfer* 
atur, revolves, Cic. ; 2, religious t. t., to lus- 
trale, purify, by carrying round consecrated 
objects ; socios pura circumtulit uuda, Verg. 

circumflecto -flexi -flexura, 3. to bend 
round, to turn about ; longos cursus, Verg. 

circumfl.o, 1, to blow round; fig., ut ab om- 
nibus ventis invidiae circumflari posse videatur, \ 

circumfluo -fluxi -fluxum, 3 I. to flow 
round, Ov. II. A. to overflow; tig., nee ea re- 
dundans tamen nee circumfluens orati" diffuse, 
Cic. B. Transf. to abound in; circumfluere 
omnibus copiis. Cic. ; gloria, Cic. 

circumfluus -a -urn (circumfluo), 1, act., 
flowing round, circumfluent; humor, Ov. ; 2, 
pass., flowed round, surrounded by water; in- 
sula, Ov. 

circumforaneus -a -nm (circum and for- 
um), 1, round the forum; aes, money borrowed 
from the bankers whose shops were round the 
forum = debt, Cic. ; 2, attending at markets; , 
pharmacopeia, Cic. 

circumfundo -fudi -fusuin, 3. to pour 
around. I. A. Lit., gen. in pass., circuinfundi, 
or reflexive, se circuinfundere, to be poured round 
= to surround; with dat., amnis circumfun- 
ditur parvae insulae, Liv. B. Transf., of per- 
sons, iefl., se circuinfundere, or simply circuin- 
fundere, (o flock round; with dat., equites Han- 
noni Afiisque se circumfudere, Liv. ; so pass., 
as middle, circumfunditur equitatus Caesaris, 
Caes. ; of things, undique circtunfusis molestiis 
or|voluptatibus, Cic. II. to encompass, surround. 

A. Lit., 1, act., i^ortuum cera, Nep. ; 2, pass., 
to be washed by; parva quaedam insula est cir- 
cumfusa illo mari quern oceanum appellatis, Cic. 

B. Transf., to surround, encircle, hem in; prae- 
fectum caatrorum et lcglonarios milltescircuin- 
fnndnnt, Tac; gen. in pass., multls circnm- 
fusns Stoicorum librls, Cic. 

oircumgemo, 3. to growl round about ; ovile, 

ciroumgesto, 1. to carry round; epistolam, 

circumgredlor -gressus sum -grfidi (cir- 
cum and gradior), to go round, travel round, 
especially with hostile intent ; exereitnm, Sail. ; 
terga, Tac. 

circumicio = circnmjieio (q.v.). 

circuminjicio, 3. to throw around ; vallum, 

circumjaceo, 2. to lie roundabout, adjoin; 
quaeque circumjacent Europae, Liv. 

clrcumjectus -us, m. (circnmjieio). I. a 
surrounding, enclosing; qui (aether) tenero ter- 
ram circumjectu amplectitur, Cic. II. Meton., 
ut ita munita arx circumjectu arduo niteretur, 

circumjicio -jeci -jectum, 3. (circum and 
jacio); 1, to throw round, put round; multitu- 
dinein hominum totis moenibus, Caes. ; hence of 
localities, clrcumjectus -a -um, surrowuling, 
adjacent ; nationes, Tac. ; aediflcia circumjecta 
niuris, Liv. ; 2, aliquid aliqua re, to surround, 
enclose with anything, Cic; circumjicere extrem. 
itatem coeli rotundo ambitu, Cic. 

circumlavo -are and -ere, to wash round, to 
overflow round, Sail. 

circumligo, 1. 1, to bind round, bind to; 
natani mediae liastae, Verg. ; 2, to bind round 
with ; forrnm stuppa, Liv. ; circumligatum esse 
angui, Cic. 

clrcumlino, no perf. -lltum, 3. and aim 




cil'CUtnlinlo -lluli, 4. 1, to smear anything 
on anything; sulfura taedis, Ov. ; 2, to besmear 
with anything, to cover; circumlitus auro, Ov. ; 
circunilita saxa limsco, Hor. 

circumliio, 3. to wash round, flow round ; 
quo (nwri) In paeninsulae modum para major 
(a re is) circumhiitur, Liv. 

circumlustrans -anti 5 ;, illuminating all 
round, Lucr. 

circumluvio -onis, f. (circumluo), the for- 
mation of an island by the encroachment of a 
river, Cic. 

circummitto -inisi -missum, 3. I. to send 
by a roundabout way, to send round; tribuno 
cum duorum signorum militibus eircummisso, 
Liv. II. to send- round about, to send in all di- 
rections ; legationes, Cars. 

circummunio (cirenmmoenio, Plant.), 4. 
to fortify round, to wall round, to shut in by 
lines of circumrallation ; Uticam vallo, Caes. 

circummunitio -Onis, f. (circummunio), 
the investing or ciraunvaltation of a fortress, Caes. 

circumpadanus -a -urn, round about the 
Po, near the river Po ; campi, Liv. 

circumplaudo, 3. to clap or applaud on all 
sides; aliquem, Ov. 

circumplector -plexus, 3. dep. to embrace, 
enclose, surround ; doniini patrimonium circum- 
plexua quasi thesaurum draco, Cic. ; collem 
opere, Caes. 

circumplico, 1. to fold round, wind round; 
si anguem vectis circumplicavisset, Cic. 

circumpono -pGsui -pGsitum, 3.' to place or 
•put round, encircle; nemus staguo, Tac. ; piper 
catillis; Hor. 

circumpotatio -onis, f. (circum and poto), 
drinking round in succession, ap, Cic 

circumretio, 4. (circum and rete), to enclose 
in a net, ensnare; transf., aliquem, Lucr.; to 
circimirctitum frequentia populi Romani video, 

circumrodo -rosi, 3. tognaw round ; esram, 
Plin. ; transf., dudum cnim circumrodo quod 
devorandum est, / have long hesitated to speak 
out, Cic; qui dentc Theonino quuni cirenm- 
roditur, slandered, Hor. 

circumsaepio -saeptns, 4. to hedge round, 
enclose; corpna armatia, Liv. 

circumscindo, 3. to tear off, strip ; quo 
ferocins clamitabat, eo infeatins circiimacindcre 
et spoliare lictor, Liv. 

circumscribo -scripsi -scriptum, 3. to de- 
scribe a circle round, to enclose in a circular line. 
I. Lit., orbem, Cic. ; stantein virgula, Cic. II. 
Transf. A. to draw the outline of an object, to 
fix the boundaries of; locum habitandi alicui, 
Cic. B. to draw together, confine, limit, circum- 
scribe, hanijier, restrain; trilmnum plebis, Cic. 
C. 1, to take in, deceive, circumvent, ensnare; 
fallacious et, captioaia Interrogationibua circum- 
scripti, Cic. ; 2, to defraud ; adoleacentuloa, 
Cic. ; vectigalia, to embezzle, Quint. ; 3, to put 
aside as invalid, invalidate, annul; scntentias, 

circumscripta, adv. (cirenmscriptus), in 
rhetorical periods; eircumscriptc numeroseque 
dicere, Cic. 

circumscriptio -onis, f. (circumscribo), 
erxirdivg. I. Lit., concrete, circumference, Cic. 
XX. Trsnsf., A. outline, boundary; 1, . 
terrae, Cic. ; temporis, limit, Cic. ; 2, in rln 
a period, Cic. B. deceit, swindling, defrauding, 
esp. in pecuniary matters ; ndolcscentium, Cic. 

circumscriptor -oris, m. (circumscribo), 
a cheat, swindler, Cic. 

circumscriptus -a -urn. p. adj. (front 
circumscribo), concise; brcvis ct circumscripta 
quaedam explicatio, Cic. 

oircumscco -scctum, 1, tu cut round about ; 
oliquid serra, Cic. 

circumsedeo -sedi -aeasum, 2. I. Gen., to 
sit round, Sen. II. Esp., to surround with. 
hostile intent, besiege, beleaguer ; aliquem vallo, 
Cic; transf., a lacrimia omnium circumsessus, 

assailed, Cic. 

circumsessio -onis,-f. (circumsedeo), an 
encircling with hostile intent, a beleaguering, Cic. 

circumsido -sedi, 3. to sit doivn before a 
place, besiege; oppidum, Sail. 

circumsilio, 4. (circum and salio), to leap 
or jump round; (passer) eircumsiliens, Cat.; 
transf., tosurroimd; morborumomne genus, Juv. 

circuinsisto -st6ti, or (more rarely) -stiti, 
3. to place oneself round, to surround. A. Gen., 
aliquem, Caes. B. Esp., to surround hostility, 
press round ; plures paucos circumsistebant, 
Caes. ; sex lietores circumsistunt, Cic. 

circumsono -sonui -sonatum, 1, a, to sound 
around; clamor hostes circumsonat, Liv.; b, to 
echo with; locus qui circumsonat ululatibus, 
Liv. ; talibus aures tuas vocibus uudiquc cir- 
cunisonarc, Cic. 

circumsonus -a -urn (circumsono), sound- 
ing around ; turba canum, Ov. 

circumspectatrix -Icis, f. (circumspecto), 

a female who loolcs round about, Plant. 

circumspectio -onis, f. (circumspicio), 

foresight, circumspection, caution; circumspectio 
aliqua et accurate conaideratio, Cic. 

Circumspecto, 1. (frcq. of circumspicio), 
to look' around. I. Intransit., to look round re- 
peatedly ; circumspectant bestiae in pastu, Cic. ; 
tig., dubitans, circumspectana, hacsitaris, Cic. 
II. Transit, a, to look round at, esp. wiOi anxiety 
or suspicion ; omnia, Cic. ; patriciorum vultus, 
Liv.; b, to look round to seek for something or 
somebody ; cirenmapectare omnibus fori partibua 
senatorem raroqne usquam nosci tare, Liv.; c, to 
wait fur, watch for; defectionis tempus, Liv. 

1. circumspectus -a -nm, p. adj. with 
compar. and supurl. (from circumspicio), 1, 
pass., of things, deliberate, well considered ; verba 
circumspccta, Ov. ; 2, active, of persons, cir- 
cumspect, cautious, Sen. 

•2. circumspectus -us, m. (circumspicio), 
1, looking round, Plin.; transf., atttution to; 
detinere aliquem ab cirenmapectu rerum alia- 
runi, Liv. ; 2, prospect, view on every side, Cic. 

circumspicio -spexi -apectnm, 3. to look 
round. I. Intransit. A. qui in auspicium ad- 
hibetur nee suspicit nee eircumspicit, Cic. ; cir- 
CUinspicit (looks round anxiously), aestuat, Cic 
B. Transf., to consider; circumspicite celeriter 
animo qui sint rerum exitus consecuti, Cie. II. 
Transit., to look round at. A, 1, lit., lirbis 
situm, Liv.; 2, transf., to consider carefully; 
omnia pericula, Cic. B. to look around for; 1, 
lit., Caes.; saxum ingens, Verg. ; 2, transf., to 
look for, seek for ; externa auxilia, Tac. 

Circumsto -steti, 1. I. to stand round or 
i'u a circle, to surround, encircle; sellam, Liv.; 
hence partic. snbst., circumatantes, the by- 
Stan lers, Liv. II. tu surround with hostile in- 
tent, to belcagii r. A. Lit., circumstarc tribunal 
praetoris urbaui, obsiderc cum gladiis curiam, 
Cic. B. Transf., qnuni taut i undique tcrrores 
cirenmstarent, Li \-. 

circumstrcpo -strepiii -strepltum, 3. to 
roar, make a noise round, sliout clamorously 
around ; legatua clainore seditiosorum circum- 

Oil 4 



Strepitur, Tac. ; with ace, quidam atrociora 
circuinstrepcbant, Tac. 

circumstruo -struxi -structuin, 3. to build 
rinaid, Suet. 

circumsurgens -entis, rising round, Tac. 

circumtego, 3. to cover all round, Lucr. (?). 

circumtero, 3. to rub against on all sides; 
poet., to crowd round, Tib. 

circumtextus -a -urn, woven all round; 
ciieumtextuin croceo velameii aeantho, Verg. 

circumtono -tomli, X- to thunder round; 
qua totum Kerens circumtonat orbeni, Ov. 

circumtonsus -a -tun, 1, shaven or shorn 
all round, Suet.; 2, transf., of discourse, arti- 
ficial, Sen. 

circumvado -vasi, 3. to attack from every 
side, to surround. I. Lit., immobiles naves cir- 
cumvadunt, Liv. II. Transf., cum terror cir- 
cumvasisset aciem, Liv. 

circumvagus -a -urn, wandering round, or 
in a circle; Oceanus, Hor. 

circumvallo, 1. to surround with a wall, or 
fortification, to blockade, beleaguer; oppidum, 
Caes. ; Poinpeium, Cic. ; fig., tot res repente cir- 
cumvallant, Ter. 

circumvectio -onis, f. (circuinvehor), 1, a 
carrying round of merchandise; portorium cir- 
cunivectionis, transit dues, Cic; 2, soils, circuit, 
revolution, Cic. 

circumvector, 1. dep. (intens. of circum- 
velior), 1, to ride, or sail round; Ligumin oras, 
Liv.; 2, poet.,- to go through, describe; singula 
duin circuinvectaimir, Verg. 

circumvehor -vectus, 3. dep., 1, to ride nr 
sail round; jubet circumvectos (equites), ab 
tergo Gallicain iuvadere aciein, Liv. ; navibua 
circum vecti, Caes.; with ace, cum elasseCorsicae 
oram, Liv. ; transf., frustra circumvehor omnia 
verbis, try to describe at once, Verg. ; 2, to ride 
or sail in every direction, Liv. 

. circumvelo, 1. to veil or conceal on all sides; 
aurato circnmvelatur ainictu, Ov. 

circumvenio -veni -ventum,-. 4. to come 
round, surround, encircle. I. Gen. A. Of per- 
sons, homines circumventi flamma, Caes. B. 
Of places, Rlienus modicas insulas circumveu- 
iens, Tac. II. to surround with hostile intent. 
A. Lit., 1, of persons, hostes a tergo, Caes. ; 2, 
of things, cuncta moenia exercitu, Sail. B. 
Transf., 1, to beset, oppress, assail; aliquem judicio 
capitis, Cic; 2, to cheat; innocentein pecunia, 

circumversor, l. dep., to twist or turn 
round, Luer. 

circumverto (-vorto) -verti (-vorti)-versmn 

(-vorsuni), 3. A. to turn, twist round; rota per- 
petuum qua circum vertitur axein, Ov. ; lnancip- 
ium, to manumit, Quint. B. Transf., to de- 
fraud; qui me argento circumvortant, Plant. 

oircumvestio, 4. to clothe all round, poet,, 
ap. Cic. 

circumvincio -vinctus, 4. to bindall round, 
oircumviso, 3. to look all round, Plaut. 

circumvolito, 1. 1, to fly round; lacus cir- 
cumvolituvit liirundo, Verg. ; 2, transf., to rove 
about, hover round; circuinvolitant equites, 

Oircumvolo, 1. to fly round; aliquem atris 
alis (of death), Hor. 

circumvolvo -volvi -volfitum, 3. to roll 
round; sol magnum circumvolvitur annum, co?u- 
pletes its annual course, Verg. 

circus -i. m. (ki'pkos). I. a circular line; 

candens, the milky way, Cic. -II. a circus, hippo- 
drome. A. in Home ; 1, Circus Maximus, or 
Circus, the grcui cirCUS or racecourse in Home, sur- 
rounded, by galleries which accommodated 150,000 
spectators, Liv. ; 2> Circus Flaminius, outside 
the town, Cic, B. a circus in other places ; 1, 
Circus niaritimus at Anagnia, Liv. ; 2, any circus 
or place wheregames arc held, Verg. 

Ciris -is, f. (xeipis), a bird, into which Scylla, 
daughter of Nisus, was transformed, Ov. 

cirratus -a -urn (cirrus), curled, crisi>cd r 

Cirrha -ae, f. (Ki'ppa), a city of Phocisi the 
port of Delphi, sacred to Apollo ; hence, Cirr- 
hacus -a-um, relating to Cirrha or Apollo. 

cirrus -i, m., 1, a lock, curl, or ringlet of 
hair, Juv. ; 2, the fringe of a garment, Phaedr. 

Cirta -ae, f. (Klpra.), a town of Kumidia. 

cis, prep., with ace. (connected with is and 
hie, with demonstrative c prefixed), on this side ; 
l f of place, cis Taurum, Cic. ; 2, of time, cis 
dies paucos, within a few days, Sail. 

cisalpinus -a -um, on this side (the Roman), 
i.e., the south side oftlie Alps ; Gallia, Caes. 

cisium -ii., n. a light two-wheeled gig, Cic 

cisrhenanus -a -um, on this side the Rhine; 
Germani, Caes. 

Cisseus -6i, m. (Ki<r<reus), king of Thrace, 
father of Hecuba; hence Cisscis -Idis, f. (Kto-- 
otji's), daughter of Cisseus, Hecuba. 

cista -ae, f. (kiVtij), a chest, casket for keeping 
money, fruit, books, etc., Cic. ; for sacred uten- 
sils, Tib. ; a ballot-box, Plin. • - 

cistella -ae, f. (dim. of cista), a little chest, 
or casket, Plant. 

cistellatrix -Tcis, f. (cistella), the female 
slave whose basihess it was to keep the cash-box, 

cistellula -ae, f. (dim. of cistella), a little 
casket, Plaut. 

. cisterna -ae, f. a subterranean reservoir, a 
cistern; piscinae cistemaeque servandis iinbrib-. 
us, Tac. 

cistifcr -fSri, im (cista and fero), one who 
carries a box or chest, Mart. • 

cistophorus -i, in. (*«TTo</>opo«), an Asiatic 
coin worth about four drachmae, so called from 
the impression of a cista upon it ; in eistophora 
in Asia habeo ad IIS. bis et vicies, in Asiatic 
coinage, Cic. 

cistula -ae, f. (dim. of eista), a caslcet, Plaut. 

citatim, adv. (citatus), quickly, hastily, Cic 

citatus -a -um, p. adj. with coinpar. and 
superb (from cito), quick, rapid, speedy ; Rhenus 
per lines Trevirorum citatus fertur, Caes.; citato 
equo or citatis equis, at full gallop, Liv. 

citer -tra-trum(eis), on thisside. I. Positive, 
Cato. II. Com par., citcrlor -us, genit. -oris, 
on this side. A. Gallia, Cic. B. Transf., 1, ad 
haec citcriora veniam et notiora nobis, more 
closely concerning us, Cic. ; 2, of time, earlier ; 
citeriores nondum audiebamus, Cic .HI. Su- 
perl., cltimus or citumus -a -um, very near, 
nearest; stella ultima a caelo citima . terris, 

Cithacron -onis, in. (KiSaipwv), a mountain 
in the south-west of Boeotia, scene of the Bacchic 

cithara -ae, f. (xifldpa). A. a foiir-stringed 
instrument, Hor. B. Meton., 1, the mwsic of 
the cithara, Hor. ; 2, the art of playing the 
cithara, Hor. . 

citharista -ae, hi. (ki9opktt^«)» a player on 
the cWuira, Ter. "... :.-.*•* * 




citharifltria -ae, f. (ia0api<rrpia), a female 
player on the cithara, Ter. 

cltharizo, l. {Ki$apifa), to play the cithara, 

citharoedlcus -a -um (KifapwStKd;), relating 
to the citharoedus, Suet. 

citharoedus -i, m. (/aBapySot), one who 
sings to the cithara, Cic. 

Citlura -ii, n. (Kinov), a maritime city of 
Cyprus, birthplace of the Stoic philosopher, Zeno ; 
hence, A. Cltlensls -e, belonging to Citium. 
B. Cltieus -a -urn, belonging to Citium. C. 
CltleUS -Ji, m. of Citium ; Zeno, Cic. 

1. clttf, comp. citius, sup. cltissime, adv. 
(citus). A. (pxickly, speedily, Cic. ; cito discere 
aliquid, Cic. B. Transf., a, non cito, not easily, 
Cic; b, compar., citius quam, sooner than, Cic. 

2. cito, 1. (freq. of cio = cieo). I. to put 
into violent mot ion, hence to cite, summon; a, the 
senate; patres in curiam, Liv. ; b, the people to 
vote; in cainpo Martio centuriatim populum, 
Liv. ; c. the. knights ; "Cita," inquit Nero, "M. 
Livium, Liv. ; d, the citizens to take tlie oath of 
military allegiance; citati milites noininatini 
apud tribunes militum in verba P. Scipionis 
juraverunt, Liv. ; e, in a court of justice, (a) the 
jury ; si Lysiades citatus judex non respondent, 
Cic. ; (/3) the prosecutor ,or defendant ; citat reum, 
non respondet ; citat accusatorem, Cic. ; omnes 
ii ab te capitis C. Rabirii nomine citantur, 
Cic. ; (y) a witness ; in hanc rem te, Naevi, testem 
citabo,Cic; transf., quamvisciteturSalamis clar- 
issiinae testis victoriae, Cic. ; (6) the condemned; 
praeconis audita vox citantis nomina damnat- 
orura, Liv. ; f, to call upon a god for help ; ali- 
quem falso, Ov. IL a, to shout out ; paeanem, 
Cic. ; b, to call forth, to produce; isque (an inii) 
motus aut boni aut inali opinioue citatur, Cic. 

citra, adv. and prep, with ace. (from citcr). 
I, on this side ; citra Veliam, Cic. ; citra Rhenum, 
Caes. II. Tran9f., A. on this side of (a certain 
boundary), within, before; 1. of space, paucis 
citra milibus, Liv. ; citra tertiam, syllabam, be- 
fore the third syllable, Cic. ; 2, of time, within; 
citra Trojnna tempora, Ov. B. = sine, praeter, 
without, except ; citra vnlnus, Plin. 

oltreus -a -um (citrus), 1, belonging to the cil- 
ri.s tree ; mensa, made of citrus wood, Cic; 2, be- 
longing to the citron tree ; citrea, the citron tree, 
Plin. ; citreum, the citron, Plin. 

citro, adv. (citer), fo\ind only in combina- 
tion with nltro ; ultro et citro, ultro ciuoqne, 
ultro citro, ultro ac citro, up atid down, hither 
and thither, Cic. 

citrum -i, n. citrus wood, Plin. 

citrus -i, m. the citrus, a kind of African cy- 
press, from the aromatic timber of which the 
Romans manufactured costly articles of furni- 
ture (perhaps Thuia orientalis, Linn.), Plin. 

Citus -a -\im, p. adj. (from cieo), quick, speedy ; 
vox, Cic. ; incessus, Sail. ; pes, tlie iambus, Ov. 

ClVlCUS -a -lira (civis), relating to a citizen, 
civic; bella, civil war, Ov. ; corona, and simply 
civica -ae, f. the civic crown, a chaplet of oak 
leaves presented to one who had saved the life of a 
Roman citizen in war, bearing the Inscription, 
ob civem servatum, Cic. 

Civilis -e (civis). I. relating to a citizen, civic, 
civil. A. Lit., conjuratio, Cic. ; dlscordla, Sail. ; 
qnercus = corona civica (v. civiens), Verg. ; 
jus, either the civil law of the Romans (opp. jus 
naturals) or the. law of private rights (opp. jus 
publicum), Cic. ; dies, from midnight to midnight, 
as opp. to the naturalis dies, from sunrise, to 
ntiuet, Varr. B. Transf., a f becoming a citi:en, 
befitting a citizen; nulli civilis animus, Liv. ; b, 

popular, affable, Courteo7ls ; qilid civilius illo, OV. 
II, relating to public life or the state ; a, scientia, 
Cic; civitium rerum peritus, Tac. ; b, civil, 
as opp. to military ; non militaria solum sed 
civilia quoque munera, Liv. 

civilltas -atis, f. (civilis), 1, the science, of 
politics, used by Quint, as a translation of >j 
itokiTocri ; 2, politeness, condescension, civility, 
Suet _ 

civiliter, adv. (civilis), 1, like a citizen; 
vivere, Cic. ; 2, politely, Ov. 

civis -is, c. (from cio or cieo, summoned). I. 
a citizen (opp. hostis or peregrinus), civis Ro- 
manus, Cic. ; aliquem civem asciscere, Cic. ; 
fieri civem Roinanum, Cic. ; fern., civis Attica, 
Ter. II. A. fellow citizen ; cives mei, Cic. B. 
subject ; imperare corpori ut rex eivibus suis, Cic. 

civltaa -atis, f. (civis). I. Abstr., citizenship, 
the condition or rights of a citizen ; civitatem 
dare alicui, Cic. ; aniittere, Cic; aliquem civi- 
tate donare, Cic. ; aliquem in civitatem asciscere, 
Cic. ; in popnli Romani civitatem suscipi, Cic. ; 
civitatem consequi, adipisci, habere, iinpetrare, 
adimere, Cic. ; civitate inutari, Cic. II. Concr. 
A. a unkm of citizens, a state, commonwealth ; 
civitates aut nationes, civilised states or barbar- 
ous tribes, Cic. ; civitatem instituere, adminis- 
trate, Cic. ; civitates eondere, Cic B. Meton., 
a town, city, Cic. 

clades -is, f. (connected with gladius), de- 
struction. I. destruction of plants, etc., by hail 
or rain, loss, damage, Plaut. ; loss of a limb ; 
dextrae nianus, Liv. II. A. disaster, injury, 
civitatis, Cic. B. Meton., persons ulio cause 
the disaster; militum clades, Cic ; geminos 
Scipiadas clad em Libyae, Verg. C. Esp., mis- 
fortune in Mir, defeat; cladem inferre, Liv.; 
facere, Sail. ; accipere, Liv. ; hosti inferre, Cic. 

clam (old Lat. calam or eiliin, from root 
CAL, CEL, whence eel -o). I. A<1 v., secretly 
(opp. palam), in secret ; esse, to remain incognito, 
•Liv.; plura clam reinovere, Cic. II. Prep, a, with 
abl., clam vobis, Caes. ; clam istis, Cic; b, gen. 
with aoc, clam me est, ft is unknown to vie, Cic 

clamator -uris, in. (claino), a shouter, a 
bawler, noisy declaimer, Cic 

clamlto, 1. (intens. of clanin), to cry loudly, 
shout violently ; 1, absol. or with ace, Cauneas 
clamitabat, cried figs of Cnuuus, Cic. ; of things, 
nonne ipsum caput et. supercilia ilia penitna 
abrasa clamitare eilliditatem videntur, Cic; 2, 
followed by an exclamation in direct, speech, atl 
anna! clainitans, Liv.; 3, foil, by ace. and in- 
tln. in indirect speech, saope clainitans lihernm 
se liberaeqne civitatis esse, Caes.; 4, with the 
ace, aliquem sycophantam, Ter. 

clamo, 1. (connected with KaAf'w). I. In- 
transit., to shout, cry aloud. A. Of men, loqui 
omnes et clamare coeperunt, Cic. ; de suo et ux- 
oris interitu, Cic. B. Of animals, anseres qui 
tantummodo clamant, nocere non possunt, Cic. 
II. Transit., 1, to call to or upon ; comites, Ov.; 
morientem nomine, Verg. ; with double ace, tc 
callalmul; aliquem fnrem, Hor. ; 2, to proclaim 
aloud ; a, with ace, hoc de pecunia, Cic; b, in 
direct speech, infantem Io triumphe ! clamasse, 
Liv. ; c, in indirect speech, clamare ille quum 
raperetur, nihil se miserum fecisse, Cic ; d, 
with ut and the subj., clamare coeperunt, sibi 
ut hal>eret hereditatem, Cic 

clamor - oris, m. a loud shouting, cry. A. 
Of men, clamor popnli infestus atque inimicus, 
Cic. ; clamorem edere, tollere, Cic. ; excitare, 
Liv. ; clamor oritur, Sail. ; auditor, Caes. ; esp., 
1, shout of applause ; haec sunt, quae clamores 
et admirationes in bonis oratnrilms eftic.iunt, 
Cic. ; 2, wild cry ; aliquem clamoribus et con- 




viciis et sibilis conseetari, Cic. 3, icai'-crj/ ; 
clumorcill tolterc, Caes. ; 4, cry of narrow ; la- 
inentautiiuu militum, Liv. 3. Of animals, 
gniuin, Lucr. C. u sound of lifeless tilings; 
inoutiuni, Hor. 

ClamosUB -a -um (clamo), 1, act., noisy, 
clamorous, Quint. ; 2, pass., filled ivith noise; 
circus, Mart. 

clanculum, adv. (clam), secretly, in secret, 
Plant., Ter.J men. with aec, clanculum patres, 

clandestinus -a -um (clam), secret, con- 
cealed, hidden, clandestine; colloquia cum hosti- 
bus, Cic. 

clangor -oris, m. a sound, clang, noise; 1, 
the cry of birds, Ov. ; of the eagle, Cic. poet. ; 
the hissing of geese, Liv. ; 2, the sound of a trum- 
pet, Verg. 

Clanis -is, m. re river oj Elruria. 

Clanius -ii, m. a river of Campania. 

clare, adv. (clams). I. Lit. A. As regards 
sight, clearly, brightly ; videre, Plaut. ; fulgere, 
Cat. B. As regards hearing, aloud; plaudere, 
dime, Plaut. ; gemerc, Cic. II. Transf. A. 
clearly, distinctly ; apparere, ap. Cic. ; ostendere, 
Quint. B. illustriously ; explendescere, Nep. 

clarco, 'J. (clarus). I. to be bright, to shine, 
Cic. poet. II. Transf. A. to be clear to the mind, 
be evident, Lucr. B. to be distinguished, illus- 
trious, Enn. 

claresco, elarui,- 3. (inch, of clareo). I. 
A. to become clear, bright, Tac. B. to sound 
or resound clearly; clarescunt sonitus, Verg. 
II. Transf. A. to become clear to the mind, be- 
come evident, Lucr. B. to become illustrious, Tac. ; 
exgente Domitia duae familiac claruerunt, Suet. 

clarfgatio -onis, f. (clarigo), 1. the demand 
of satisfaction and declaration of war by a Fetialis, 
Plin. ; 2, the fine imposed on a num caught be- 
yond the limits within which he has been ordered 
to remain, Liv. 

clarigo (clare— i.e., clara voce— and ago), 1. 
to declare war, used of the Fetialis, Plin. 

clarlsonus -a -um (clarus and sono), clearly 
sounding ; vox, Cat. 

claritas -atis, f. (clarus). I. Lit. A. Of the 
sight, clearness, brightness, brilliancy, Plin. B. 
Of the voice, vocis, Cic. II. Transf. A. clearness 
to the mind, plainness, Quint. B. fame, celeb- 
rity, renown ; hominis, Cic. 

Claritudo -luis, f. (clarus), clearness, bril- 
liancy. I. Lit., of the sight, deae (i.e., lunae), 
Tac. II. Transf., fume, renown, celebrity, Sail. 

claro, 1. (clarus). I. to make clear, make 
bright, Cic. poet. II. Transf. A. to make plain, 
evident ; animi naturam versibus, Lucr. B. to 
■nmke illustrious, renowned, Hor. 

claror -oris, m. (clarus), brightness, Plaut. 

Clards, i, f. (KAopos), a small town in Ionia, 
on a promontory near Colophon, famous for a 
temple and oracle of Apollo ; hence Clariua -a 
-um (KAopto?), Clarion, surname of Apollo, Ov. ; 
pocta, the poet Antimachus, born at Claros. 

Clarus -a -um (connected with k\<-(uv6s), 
clear, bright (opp. obscurus, caecus). I. Lit. 
A. In regard to objects of sight, bright, shin- 
ing, brilliant ; luniina nmndi, Verg. ; locus, Cic. ; 
poet., of the wind, making clear, bringing fair 
■weather ; aquilo, Verg. B. In regard to objects 
of hearing, clear, loud; voce, Cic. II, Transf. 
A. clear, evident, plain ; luce sunt clariora nobis 
tua consilia, Cic. B. 1, illustrious, renowned, 
distinguished ; a, of persons, vir clarissimus, 
Cic. ; clarus gloria, Cic. ; clarus in philosophia 
gt fiobjlis, Cic, ; ex doctrina nqbilis et clarus, 

Cic; b, ufthhigs npiiiduin Cic; victoria olar- 
issinia, Cic; 2, ill a bad sense, notorious; illft 
oppugnatio lani autiiiuissiini quam clara apud 
onnies, Cic. ; populus luxuriasuperbiaque clarus, 

classiariUS -i, in. (classis), 1 (sc. miles), a 
soldier on board shi]>, a marine, Tac ; 2 (sc. 
nauta), a rower, or sailor, on board a war galley, 

olassioula -ae, f. (dim. of classis), a little 
fleet, flotilla, Cic 

classiCUS -a -um (classis). I. A. relating 
to the classes into which the Roman citizens were 
distributed; hence, classiCUS -i, in. a citizen 
of the first or highest class. B. Transf., classicus 
scriptor, an author of the first rank, Gell. II. 
relating to the army or the fleet. A. relating to 
the army; subst., classicum -i, n. the signal 
of engagement given by a trumpet ; classicum 
canit, Liv. ; or the signal by which the classes were 
called to the comitia; classico ad contionem con- 
vocat, Liv.; and meton., the trumpet itself ; class- 
icum inflare, Verg. B. relating to the fleet; 
militcs, Liv. ; bclla, naval war, Prop. ; and 
subst., classic! -drum, m. marines, Tac. 

classis -is, I. (connected with «Aa<ri?, (cApcrw, 
from xAtw, and cal", to summon, lit. the multi- 
tude summoned). I, a class. A. Lit., one of the 
divisions into which Servius Tullius divided the 
whole Roman people; hence tig., quintae classis, 
of the lowest rank, Cic. B. Transf., any division; 
servorum, Petr. II. In milit. lang., the forces. 
A. re land army ; Hortinae classes, Verg. B. 
the fleet ; classem facere, compararc, aedilicarc, 
to build a fleet, Cic. ; iustrucre atque omarc, to 
fit out a fleet, Cic. ; classem appellere ad Dclum, 
to land, Cic. ; poet., re ship, Hor., Verg. ; hence, 
plur. classes = naves, Verg. Acn. ii. 30. 

Clastldlum -Ii, n. re town in Gallia Cis- 
pxidana, now Casteggio or Chiateggio. 

Claterna -ae, f., stronghold in Cispadane 
Gaul (now Maggio). 

clatrl -6mm, m. and clatra -5rum, n. 
((cAijepo), re trellis or grating, Hor. 

clatro, 1. (clatri), to provide or cover with a 
trellis or grating, Plaut. 

claudeo -ere, 2. and gen. claudo, clausur- 
us, 3. (claudus), to limp, halt, be lame; gen. used 
fig., si (beata vita) una ex parte clauderet, Cic. ; 
esp. of orators, in quacunque eniin una (parte) 
plane clauderet, orator esse noil posset, Cic. 

Claudfanus -i, m. (Claudius), a Latin poet, 
who lived in the reigns of Theodosius the Great, 
and his soils Arcadius and Honorius. 

claudicatlo -onis, f. (claudico), re limping, 

claudico, 1. (claudus), to limp, be lame; 
graviter claudicare ex vulnere ob rcmpublicam 
accepto, Cic. ; claudicat axis mundi, inclines, 
Lucr.; tig., to halt, waver, be defective; tota res 
vacillat et claudicat, Cic. ; esp. of speech, nihil 
curtum, nihil claudicans, Cic. 

Claudius (Clodius) -a -um, the name of a 
Roman family, both patrician and plebeian, of 
whom the most celebrated members were : — L 
Appius Claudius Sabinus Regillensis, the founder 
of the family, a Sabine of Regillum, whose name 
was said to have been originally Attus Clausus. 
II, Appius Claudius Crassus, the most notori- 
ous of the decemvirs. III. Appius Claudius Caec- 
us, censor 312 B.C., the builder of several great 
public works. TV. Publius Clodius Pulcher, 
tribune of the people, viurdcivd by Milo, B.C. 62. 
V. Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Gennanicus, 
the fourth Roman emperor. Adj., Claudianus 
-a -um, Claudlalis -e, Clodianua -a -um, 
Claud\n]\\ ' ' 




1. claudo, clausi, clausum, ". and cliido, 
clOsi, olusum, 3. (root CLA, whence ukivis, 

Gr. Dor. «Aai? = kA«i». I. Gen., to shut close 
(opp. npcrire). A. Lit., 1, forein cubiculi, 

Cic; portas alicui, Caes. ; Januni, to close the 
gates of the temple of Janus, Liv. ; tig., clatulere 
aures alicui rei, Cie. ; in ipsins eonsuetu-, quam adhuc uieus junior inilii clausit, 
rue insinuabo, Cic. ; 2, to close «j> a road or a 
country, to> make inaccessible; oinnes aditns 
claudentur, Cic. ; quod clausac hieme Alpes ess- 
ent, Liv. ; adhuc clausula fuisse mare scio, Cic. ; 
3, to close up ; a, geograph. 1. 1., insula ea sinum 
ab alto claudit ; b, milit. t. t., agmen claudere, 
to bring up tlie rear, Caes. Subst., clausum 
•i, n. a bolt or lock; clausa eH'ringerc, Sail.; 
B. Transf., 1, to bring to an end; opus, Ov. ; 
octavum lustrum, llor. ; 2, of character, par- 
tic. clausUS, secret, close ; Tiberius, Tac. II. A. 
'.= intercludere, to dam up, stop, intercept; rivos, 
Verg.; conimeatus, Liv.; horum ferocia vocem 
Evandri clausit, Liv. B.= conclndere, inelu- 
dere ; 1, lit., a, to shut up in; aliqucm in curi- 
am or in curia, Liv. ; b, milit. t. t., to invest ; 
oppiduin undique, Sail. ; of liunting, nenioruin 
BAltus, Verg. ; c, to encompass, surround ; urbs 
loci natura terra marique clauditur, Cic. ; 2, 
transf., a, aliud clausum in pectore, aliud in 
lingua promptum habere ; b, as rlict. 1. 1., sen- 
tcntias nunieris, Cic. 

2. claudo = claudeo (q.v.). 

claudus (cludua) -a -um. I. Lit., limping, 
halting, lame; claudus altero pede, lame on one 
foot, Nop.; claudi ac debiles equi, Liv.; prov., 
Istc claudus pilani, one who can. make proper use 
vf nothing, Cic. II. Transf. A. crippled, de- 
fective, wavering; naves, Liv. ; poet., carinina 
altcrno versu, elegiac verse, Ov. B. wavering, in- 
secure; clauda ncc officii pars erit ulla tui, Ov. 

claustrum -i, n. (claudo), gen. plur. I. a 
^bolt, bar; claustra revellere, Cic; laxare, Verg.; 
telaxare, Ov.; (lg., portaruni naturae cftVingere, 
lo lay bare the secrets of nature, Lucr. II. a gate, 
enclosure, dam, limit, boundary ; a, venti circum 
claustra fcrunt, Verg. ; b, custody, confinement; 
of animals, a den, cage ; diu claustris retentae 
ferae, Liv. ; c, a }X(ss or narrow place; claustra 
.luontium, Tac; milit, t. t., the key or critical 
point of a jtosition; terra claustra loeorum tenet; 
claustra Acgypti, Liv. ; llg., claustra ista (liar- 
Tier) nobilitatis refregissem, Cic. 

clausula -ae, f. (claudo), the end, conclu- 
nion. A. Gen., opistolae, Cic. . B. Esp. 1, the 
closing scene or closing word in a drama ; in quo 
(mimo) quum clausula.. nou invenitur, Cic ; 2, 
ju rhet., the close of a period, Cic. 

clava -ae, f. (clavus), a knotty staff or cudgel, 
Cic; also the staff used in the drill of recruits or 
in exercises in the use of weapons, Cic; the club 
Cf Hercules, Verg., Ov. 

clavarium -i, n. (clavus), a gift of money 
to Roman soldiers, Tac. 

clavator -Oris, in. (clava), one who carries 
fie clava, Plaut. 

clavicula -ac, f. (dim. of cla vis, a little key), 
hence, the twig or tendril by which the vine clings 
io its prop, Cic. 

1. clavlger -g8ri, m. (clava and gero), the 
club-bearer, epithet of Hercules, Ov. 

2. clavlger -gSri, in. (clavis and gero), the 
key-carrier, epithet of Janus as god of doors, Ov. 

Clavis -is, f. (»cAait, KAftf), 1, a key; adul- 
terina portarum, a false or skeleton keg, Sail. ; 
claves adimere uxori, to separate from one's wife, 
Cic. ; 2, a lock ; alias claves omnibus portis im- 
ponere, Liv,; 3, clavis adunca trochi, a stick for 
trundling a hoop, Prop, 

Clavus -i. m. a nail. A. Lit, clavis ferreis 
contixa transtra, Caes.; clavus trabalis, a spike, 
as a sign of firmness, an attribute of Necessitas, 
Hor. ; hence, prov., trabali clavo ligcre, to fix. 
firmly, Cic. ; annalis, the nail which on the ides of 
September every year was driven into the wall of the 
temple of Jupiter Capitolhvus at Home; hence lig., 
ex hoc die clavmn anni movebis, reckon the 
beginning of the year. Cic. B. Transf., 1, a 
helm, rudder, Verg.; fig., clavum imperii tenere, 
Cic; 2, a stripe of purple on the tunic, worn 
broad by the senators (latus), narrow by the knights 
(angustus), latum clavum a Caesare impetravi, 
/ have become a senator, Plin. ; the latus clavus 
was also worn by the boys of noble families at 
Rome, Ov. ; meton., clavus = the tunic with the 
broad or narrow stripe, Hor. 

Clazomenae -arum, f. (KAarjo/ucraO, one of 
the twelve Ionic towns in Asia Minor. 

Cleanthes -is, m. (KAearflijs), a Stoic 2'hilo- 
sopher, pupil of Zeno ; hence adj., Cleanthcus 
-a -um, .S'toto, Fers. 

Clemens -cutis, adj. with compar. and 
superb, mild, placid, kind, merciful, I. a, of 
persons, clcmentes judices ct miscricordes, Cie. ; 
ab innoccntia clenientissimus, Cic. ; b, of cir- 
cumstances, events, etc., castigatio, Cie. II. 
Transf., a, of the weather, mild; flanicn, Cat. ; 
b, of water, ipiiet, calm; amnis clenientissimus, 
still, Ov. 

elementer, adv. with compar. and superl. 
(Clemens), mildly, gently, mercifully. I, Lit., 
elementer facere or l'erre aliquid, Cic. ; ele- 
menter et moderate JUS dicere, Caes. ; elementer 
duetis militibns, without plundering, Liv. II. 
Transf., of places, gently rising ; elementer cdit- 
uni jiigttni, Tac. 

dementia -ae, f. (demons). A. mildness, 
mercy, clemency; dementia mansuetudoque, Cic; 
coufugere in clementiam alicuius, Cic; de- 
mentia uti, Cic. B. Transf., mildness of weather ; 
acstatis, Plin. 

Cleombrotus -i, in. (K\cV|SpoT0?), 1, a 
general of the Lacedaemonians ; 2, ft Greek philo- 
sopher of Anibrucia. 

Cleon -onis, m. (KAtW), a celebrated Athenian 

Clednae -arum, f. (KAcwi'ai), a city in Ar- 
golis, near Ncmea ; hence adj.. Clconaeus 
-a -um, Clconean. 

Cleopatra -ae, f. .1. the daughter of Philip 
of Maccdon and. of Olympics, wife of Alexander I. 
of Epirus. II. the daughter of Ptolemy Anletes, 
queen of Egypt, the mistress of Antonius, whose 
forces (dlied with hers were overthrownby Augustus 
at Actium. 

clepo, clcpsl, cleptum, n. (kAc'wtw), to steal, 
ap. Cic. ; se, to conceal oneself, Sen. 

clepsydra -ae, f. (KAei|/08pa), the. water clock 
used to measure the time during which on orator 
spoke; binas clepsydras petere, to wish to speak 
for the length of two clepsydrae, Plin. ; dare, to 
give leave to speak, Plin.; eras ergo ad clepsy- 
dram, rhetorical exercises, Cic. ; so, aliquem ad 
clepsydram latrare docere, Cic. 

clepta -ae, in. (KAf'jrnjs), a thief, Plaut. 

clibanus -i, m. (/cAt'0ai'o<r), an earthen or 
Iron vessel perforated with small holes used for 
baking bread, I'liu. 

• cliens -eutis, in. (archaic el liens, from duo, 
irAu'w, to hear, lit. ft listener). I. In Rome, a 
client, dependent, one, under the protection of a 
patroiniR. II. Transf., 1, in Gaul and Ger- 
many, a vassal ; used of entire nations, allies, 
Caes.; 2, the worshipper of a god; Bacchi, Hor. 

cJiGnta -ae, f. (cliens), a/etnaU 'client IIo>-, 




Clientcla -ae, f. (cliens). I. A. elientship, 
the relation between the client and his patron; 
esse in alicuius clientela, Cic. ; in alicuius clien- 
telam se conferre, Cic. B. Meton. (gen. in 
plur.), clients, Cic. II. the relation of a weaker 
iMlion to a more powerful one, dependence; 
inagnae corum erant clientelae, Caes. ; dicare se 
alicui in clientelam, Caes. 

clientulus -i, in. (dim. of cliens), a little 
client, Tac. 

clinamen -mis, n. (*clino), the inclination 
of a thing, Lucr. 

clinatus -a -tun" (partic. from obsolete verb 
cliuo = kAiVoj), inclined, bent, leaning, Lucr., 
Cic. poet. • ' 

Ciinlas -ae, in. (KAfu-ias), the father ofAlci- 
biades ; hence, Clliiiades -ae, in. Akibiades. 

Clio -us, f. (KAeicJ), 1, the Muse of history ; 
2, u daughter of Uceanus. 

clipeo (clupeo), 1. to provide with a shield ; 
clineataagmina, Verg. Subst., clipeati -orum, 
in. soldiers bearing shields, lav. 

clipcus (clupgus) -i, m. and clipeum 
(clupeuni) -i, n. the round metal shield of the 
Human soldiers. I. Lit., Cic. ; prov.j clipeum 
l»>st vulnera sumere, to do anything too late, Ov. 
II, Transf., of objects resembling a shield in 
shape, a, the disk of the sun, Ov. ; b (gen. 
clipeum), a medallion portrait of a god or dis- 
tinguished man, Liv., Tac. 

Clisthencs -is, m. (KAetafleVqs), aw Athenian 

Clitarchus -i, m. (KAe/Tapxos), a Greclc his- 
torian who accompanied Alexander the Great on 
\is expedition. 

clitellae -arum, f. (*clino), a pack saddle, 
« pair of panniers, Cic. 

clitellarius -a -um (clitellae), belonging or 
relating to a pack saddle, Cic. 

Cliternum -i, n. a town of the Acqui. Adj., 
Clitermnus -a -um, Cliternian. 

Clitomachus -i, m. (KA<riT'o/iax°s)> an Acad- 
emic philosopher, pupil of Cameadcs. 

Clitor -oris, m. (KAetTwp) and Clitorium 
-li, n. a town in Arcadia. Adj., Clltdrius -a 
-um, Ciitorian. 

Clitumnus -i, m. a river in'Umbria, now 
Clit anno. . . ...... 

clivosus -a -inn (clivus), hilly, steep, precipi- 
tous, rus, Verg. ; Olympus, Ov. ■■ 

Clivus -i, m. (from root CLI, whence' ac- 
clivis and declivis, and clino in acclino, etc.), a 
gentle ascent or elevation, a hill; lenis ab tergo 
clivus erat, Liv. ; clivum mollire, Caes. ; clivus 
Capitolinus, the ascent from tlie forum, to the 
Capitolinc hill, and the Capitoline hill itself, Liv.; 
so clivus sacer, Hor.; pro v. for an obstacle which 
is to be surmounted ; clivo sudamus in imo, Ov. 

Cloaca -ae, f. (from cluo =: I cleanse), a, a 
sewer or drain; fossas cloacasque exhaurire, 
Liv.; b, cloaca maxima, tlie sewer constructed by 
Tarquinius Prisons, through, which the filth of 
Home was discharged into the Tiber, Liv. 

Cloacina -ae, f. (from cluo, I cleanse}, the 
cleanser, surname of Venus whose image stood at 
the place where the Romans and Sabines were 
■reconciled after the rape of the Sabine women, and 
where they purified themselves with myrtle boughs. 

C16dlUS= Claudius (q.V.). 

Cloclius (Cluilius) -a -um, name of an 
Alban and afterwards of a Roman gens, the most 
celebrated of the name being : 1, Cluilius or 
Cloelius, the lust king of Alba, who invaded the 
Roman territory awl niade tlie Cluilia fossa or 

fossae Clocliac, Liv. ; 2, Cloclia -ac, f. a Roman 
maiden, hostage to l'orseiui, who swam back across 
the Tiber to Rome. 

Clotho -iis, f. (KAu)0uj), the spinner, one of the 
Pa rear. 

clueo, 2. (kAu'u>), I hear myself called, I am ' 
called, am named; quaccunque cluent, whatever 
has a name, Lucr. 

clunis -is, mi and f. the buttocks, hinder parts, 
Hor., Liv. 

Clupca (Clypea) -ae, f. and plur. Clupeae 
-arum, f. (translation of Gr. 'Acttti's), a promontory 
and town in Byzacium in Africa. 

Cluslum -li, n. a town of Etruria. Adj., 
Clusinus -a -um, of Clusium. 

Clusius -li, m. (cludo), the shutter, epithet of 

Clymene -es, f. (l£Ai//ie'n)), tlie wife of the 
Aethiopian king Merops, and mother of Phaethon ; 
hence adj., Clymeneius -a -um; proles, Phae- ' 
than, Ov. 

clyster -eris, m. (kAvo-tjjp), 1, a clyster, 
Suet. ; 2, syringe, Suet. 

Clytaemnestra -ae, f. (KAuroi/aLnjo-Tpa), 
daughter of Leda, sister of Helen, Castor, and Pol- 
lux, wife of Agamemnon and mother of Orestes, 
Electro, and Iphigenia, slew her husband with tlie 
help of Aegisthus. 

Clytie -es, f. (KAvtoj), daughter of Oceanus, 
beloved by Apollo, changed into the flower lielio- 
tropium. ",' 

Cnidus (-5s), orGnidus(-os), -i, f. (Kvtios), 
a town in Carta, famed for tlie worship of Venus. 
Adj., Cnidius -a -um, Cnidian. 

coacervatio -onis, f. (coacervo), a heaping 
vp (of proofs), Cic. 

coacervo, 1. to heap up, accumulate ; pecu- 
niae coacervantur, Cic, ; trausf., arguuienta, 

coacesco -aciii, 3. to become tlioroughly sour; 
ut enini non omno vinuni, sic non omnia natura 
vetustate coaccscit, Cic; fig., quam valdo earn 
(gentem Sardorum) putamus tot transfusionibus 
coacuisse, Cic. 

CoactlO -onis, f. (cogo), a collecting; co- 
actioncs argentarias factitavit, Suet. 

coacto, 1. (intens. of cogo), to compel, Lucr. 

co actor -oris, m. (cogo). '_ I. Lit, a, a 
collector of rents, money at auctions, etc., Hor.; 
b, coactores agniinis, the rear-giMrd, Tac. II. 
Transf., one who compete,. Sen. ■- -" 

coactum -i, ' n. (cogo), a coverlet of thick 
cloth, Caes. 

coactus -tis, m. (cogo), a compulsion, com- 
pelling ; coactu atque efllagitatu meo, Cic. 

coaddo, 3. to add in with, Piaut. 

coaedifico, 1. to build on; campuui Mar- 
tiuni, Cic. 

coacquo, 1. to level, make plain, even. A. 
liiontes, Sail. B. Transf., omnia ad libidiues 
suas, placed on tlie same footing, Cic. 

coagmcntatio -onis (coagmento), a con- 
nection, binding together ; corporis, Cic. 

coagmento, 1. (coagmentum), to fix together, 
stick together, join together. I. Lit., opus ipsa 
suumeadem, quae coagmeiitavit, natuia dissolvit, 
Cic. II. Transf., verba coiiiponc et quasi coag- 
mento, Cic. ; paceni, to conclude, Cic. 

coagmentum -i, n. (cogo), a joining to- 
gether, a joint ; lapidum, Caes. 

coagulum -i, n. (cogo), 1, that which c uses 
to curdle, rennet, Plin. ; 2, meton., curds, Plin. 

coftlesco -aliii, -iWtum, 3. (com and alesco), 




1, In grow together, to become one in growth, to I 
coalesce, unite; saxa rides sola coalesccre calce, 
Liicr. ; tig., sic brevi spatio novi veteresuue 
(mililes) coaluere, Sail. ; ut cum Patribus coales- 
caut aniiui p'.ebis, Liv. ; followed by in, in limic 
consensmn, Tac. ; 2, of plants, to grow ; dum 
novus in viridi coalescit cortice ramus, Ov. ; to 
take root; grandis ilex coaluerat inter saxa, Sail. ; 
3, of wounds, to close, be heided, grow together ; 
fig., vixdum coalesccns foventis rcgnum, Liv. 

coangusto, 1. to narrow, limit, confine; 
hacc lex coangustari potest, Cic. 
coarcto, etc. = coarto, etc. (q.v.). 

coarguo -gfii -gutum, but -gftiturus, 3. (com 
and arguo), to sh-nu in a clear light. I. Gen., to 
demonstrate fully, to proi'e by evidence; certum 
crimen multis suspicionibus, Cic. ; pcrfldiam ali- 
cuius, Cic. ; sin autem fuga laboris desidiam, re- 
pudiate supplicum superbiani coarguit, Cic. 
II. A. to prove to be false; 1, of things, id 
quidem coarguere nihil attiuere ratus, Liv. ; 2, 
to prove a person to be wrong, to convict a per- 
son of an error, to confute ; quo (decreto) maxi- 
mc et refelli et coargui potest, Cic. B. to 
prove a person to be guilty, to convict of a crime ; 
aliquem, Cic. ; with abl. of means, criminibus 
coargultur, Cic. ; with genit., of crime, aliquem 
avaritiae, Cic. 

coartatlo -onis, f. (coarto), ri drawing to- 
gether, a confining or straightening in a small 
tpttce, Liv. 

coarto, 1. to confine, draw together (opp. 
laxare, dilatare). A. Lit., Thermopylarum sal- 
tliin, ubi angustac fauces coartant iter, Liv. B. 
Transf., 1, of discourse, to compress, abbreviate; 
Ut quae coartavit, dilatet nobis, Cic. ; 2, of 
time, to shorten; consulatum alionun, Tac. 

coaxo, 1. (onomatop.), to croak (of a frog), 

cocclnatus -a -um (coccinus), clad in scar- 
let, Suet. 

COCOlDCUS -a -urn (coccum), scarlet coloured, 

coccinus -a -um (coccum), scarlet coloured, 
Juv. Subst., coccina -orum, n. scarlet clothes, 

COCCUm -i, n. (kokkos). A. the berry of the 
scarlet oak (quercus coccifera, Linn.), used as a 
scarlet dye by the ancients (the real source of 
the dye has since been discovered to be an in- 
sect), Plin. B. Metnn., 1 scarlet hue, Hot. ; 

2, scarlet cloth or garments, Suet. 

cochlea -ae, f. (icoxAiat). A. a snail, Cic. 
B. Meton. the snail shell, Mart. 

cochlear -aris, n. and cochlearium -li, n. 
Plin., and cochleare -is, n. Mart. (cochlea\ a 
sj'oon, Mart. 

Codes -Itis, in. the one-eyed van, Plaut.; 
esp. Horatius Codes, the ltoman who defended 
the bridge over the Tiber against the army of Por- 

coctana = eottana (q.v.). 

ccctilis -c (coquo), baked; latcres, Varr. ; 
muri Babylonis, made of burnt brick, Ov. 

Cocytos and us, -i, m. (KwkvtiJs, the stream 
of uniting), a river of the Loiver World. Adj., 
CocytUS and CdoytlUS -a -um, Cocylian; 
virgo, Alecto, Verg. 

coda - canda, (q.v.) 

codex -dlcis. in. ■=■ eandex. I. th» trunk of 
a tree, Ov. IL Meton., a book, composed </ 
wonlen tablets, covered with wax. A. Gen., a 
book, writing, document, c. falsns, Cic. B. 
Esp., codex accept! et expensi, an arconnt-book, 
a ledger (adversaria, a day-book, the accounts 

from which were entered into the codej every 
uioutli), iii codieem referre, Cic. 

codicarlus (caudle arms) -a -um (co- 
dex), made, of wooden blocks, naves, Sail. 
codlcilli -orum, m. (dim. of codex), 1, small 

tablets upon which'to make memoranda ; in codi- 
cillis exarare, Cic. ; 2, something written on 
tablets; a, a letter, Cic; b, a petition, Tac; 
C, a codicil, Tac; d, an imperial rescript or 
order, Tic. 

Codrus -i, m. (KoSpos), tlie last king of 
Athens, who was said to Imve voluntarily sought 
death in order to obtain victory for the Athenians 
over the Spartans. 

Coele Syria -ae, f. (Koi'At) Ivpia, hollow 
Syria), the district between Libanus and Antili- 

coelebs = caelebs. 

coeles -Itis, v. caeles. 

coelestis -e, v. caelestis. 

coelicola -ae, v. caelicola. 

coelifer, v. caelifer. 

Coelius, v. Caelius. 

coelo — caelo, q.v. 

coelum -i, v. caelum. 

coemo -end -emptum, 3. to buy in large quan- 
tities, buyup;ta quaetedelectarintcoemisse, Cic. 

cdemptio -onis, f. (coemo), 1, a form of 
marriage which consisted in a reciprocal sale of 
the parties to one another, Cic. ; 2, a fictitious 
marriage to enable a woman to acquire certain 
rights, Cic. 

coemptionalis -e (coemption relating to 
acoemptio; senex, an old man used for a ficti- 
tious marriage, Cic. 

coena, &c, v. cena. 

coenosus -a -um, v. caenosus. 

coenula -ae, f., v. ccnula. 

cocnum, v. cacnum. 

coco -ii (rarely -ivi) -itum, 4. (com and co), lo 
go together, come together, assemble. I. Gen., A. Of 
persons, 1, as friends, Capuae, Liv. ; 2, as ene- 
mies, to engage ; inter se coiisse viros et cernerc 
fcrro, Verg. B. Of things, vix memini nobis 
verba coisse decern, that ten words hare been ex- 
changed between us, Prop. II. lo unite so as to 
form a whole, to combine. A. Of persons, 1, 
milit. t. t., coire inter se, Caes. ; in tinuiii, Liv. ; 
in orbem, Liv. ; 2, lo unite in some relation ; 
a, politically, cum hoc tu coiie ausus es, ut, 
etc, Cic. ; adversus rempublicam, Liv. ; with 
ace, societatem vel periculi vel laboris, Cic. ; 
in pass., societas coitur, Cic. ; b, to unite in, 
marriage; liac gener atque socer coeant mer- 
cede Buorum, Verg. B. Of things, to unite 
together; 1, ut placidis coeant immitia, Hor. ; 
2, of wounds, neve retractando nouduui coeun- 
tia runipam vulncra, Ov. ; 3, to curdle; coifc 
fonnidine sanguis, Verg. ; 4, to be, frozen • men- 
tiar, an cocat duratus frigore pontus, Ov. 

coepio, coepi, coeptum, 3. (the present 
tenses very rare and only A. Aug. ; the perfect 
tenses more commonly used), v. transit, and 
intraneit. (com and apio = apo) to begin, com- 
mence. I. Transit., A. Act., coepit quiim (Alia 
vates, Verg. ; dicere coepi, Cic. ; si quae rapinae 
fieri coeperunt, Cic; fut. partic, roeptnrns, 
with ace, Homanos omnibus instruction's rebus 
coepturos belhun, Liv. B. Pass., only in perf., 
lapides jaci coepti sunt, Caps. ; postquam arm is 
disceptari coeptum sit, Cic; partic, cooptum 
belhun, Sail. ; nocte coepta, Tac. II. Intransir., 
to begin, arise; quoniam coepit Graecorun) int-p- 
tio, Juv. ; ubi dies coepit, Ball, 




06ei>t6, 1. (intens. of coepi). A. Transit. 
to begin or undertake eagerly ; with infill., coerc- 
ere seclitionem, Tac. ; appetere ea, Cic. B. In- 
transit., coeptautemconjurationenidisjecit,Tac. 

Ooeptum -i, n. (coepi), o beginning, under- 
taking, Liv. 

COeptUS -us, m. (coepi), o beginning, under- 
taking, Cic. 

coopulonus -i, m. a fellow -reveller, Plaut. 

coerceo -cui -cltum, 2. (com and arceo). 
1. Gen., to enclose on all sides and hold fast, to 
encompass, enclose ; mundus omnia complexu 
suo coercet etcontinet, Cic. II. Esp., \ f to con- 
fine, restrain ; (aqua) jubetur coercerl, Cic. ; qui- 
bus (operibus) intra rnuros coercetur hostis, 
Liv.; 2, to keep in order; virga levem aurea 
turbain, Hot.; 3, to prune; vitem ferro aniput- 
ans eoercet, Cic. ; 4, to clink, curb ; oupiditates, 
Cic; seditionem, Liv.; 5, to punish; magistra- 
tes noxiiim civem multa, vinculis verbcribnsque 
coerceto, Cic. 

coercitio -onis, f. (coerceo), 1, a confining, 
restraining; profusarum cupiditatum, Tac. ; 2, 
punishing ; magistratus, Liv. 

coeruleus = caernleus (q.v.). 

coetus -us, m. (for coitus, from coeo). I. a 
meeting together, Lucr. II. a meeting, assem- 
blage; in a bad sense, a seditious meeting ; coetus 
nocturni, Liv. ; coetum or coetus celebrare, to 
assemble in large numbers, Verg., Cic. poet. 

Coeus -i, m. (Kolos), a Titan, father of La- 

cogitate, adv. (cogitatus, from cogito), care- 
fully, thoughtfully, with consideration; scribere, 

cogitatio -onis, f. (cogito), thinking. I. 
Gen., A. Act., a, the act of thinking, cmicepiion; 
dicebas, speciera dei percipi cogitatione, non 
sensu, Cic. ; ea quae cogitatione depingimus, 
Cic. ; b, 'reflection, meditation, consideration, 
reasoning; ad banc causam non sine aliqua spe 
et cogitatione venerunt, Cic. ; ad reliquam cogi- 
tfttionem belli se recepit, Caes. B. Pass., a 
thought, idea; num ullam cogitationem liabuisso 
videantur ii, etc., Cic. ; esp. in plur., mandare 
litteris cogitationes suas, Cic. ; posteriores enim 
cogitationes sapientiores solent esse, Cic. II. 
Esp., 1, a thinking of, intention, design ; accnsa- 
tionis cogitatio, Cic. ; 2, pass., a thought, plan, 
purpose ; minor cogitatio intervenit niajori, Liv. ; 
magnae cogitationis manifestis, Tac. ; 3, the 
faculty of thought and reflection; homo solus 
particeps rationis et cogitationis, Cic. 

cogitatus -a -um (partic. of cogito). Subst., 
COgitata -orum, n. thoughts, reflections, ideas, 

cogito, 1. (co-igito, for com and agito), to 
put together in the mind, to think, reflect, consider. 
A. Gen., cui vivere est cogitare, Cic; with ace, 
beneiicia alicuius, Cic. ; Scipionem, Cic. ; with 
ace. and infin., homines ea si bis aocidere posse 
non cogitant, Cic. ; with de and the. abl., de deo, 
Cic. ; with relative sentence, cogita qui sis, Cic. ; 
with ad and the ace, ad haec igitur cogita, Cic. ; 
with nt or ne and the subj., Caes. B. a, to think 
of, intend, plan; nihil cogitant nisi caedes, nisi 
incendia, Caes.; qui noceri alteri cogitat, Cic; 
de parricidio, Cic. ; ellipt. (in letters), inde ad 
Tauriim cogitabam, / intended to go, Cic ; b, 
to be disposed to ; si humaniter et sapienter et 
amabiliter in me cogitare vis, Cic. 

cognatio -onis, f. (com and gnascor = nas- 
cor). I. Lit., relationship, connexion by blood. 
A. Lit., cognatio quae mihi tecum est, Cic ; 
cognatione cum aliquo conjunctum esse, Cic. ; 
aliquem cognatione attingere, Cic. B. Meton., 
persons related, kindred, family ; cognationis 

magnae homo, with a large connexion, Caes. 
II. Transf., connexion, agreement, resemblance; 
studiorum et artium, Cic 

cognatus -a -um (gnatus = natus, from 
nascor). A. related, connected by blood, Cic. 
Subst., cognatus -I, m., cognita -ne, f. a 
relation either on the father or mother's side, 
Cic. B. Transf., related, similar, cognate; nihil 
est tarn cognatum mentibus nostris quam nu- 
meri, Cic. 

cognitio -onis, f. (cognosce). I. knowledge, 
A. knowledge of or acquaintance with a thing or 
person ; aliquem cognitione atque hospitio dig- 
num habere, Cic. B. knowledge of, study of; 1, 
gen., cognitio conteraplatioque naturae, Cic. ; 
plur., meton., an idea, a conceptidn ; insitns de- 
orum vel potius innatas cognitiones habeinus, 
Cic ; 2, legal 1. 1., a legal investigation ; consul- 
ibus cognitionem dare, Cic. ; cognitionein de 
existimatione alicuius constituere, Cic. II. = 
agnitio, recognition, Ter. 

cognitor -oris, ni. (cognosco). I. Legal 1. 1., 

1, o witness to (he identity of a lloman citizen in 
a foreign country, Cic. IL 1, the procurator or 
attorney who took charge of an action at law, 
Cic. ; transf., huius sententiae, vouclier for, Cic; 

2, a kind of public prosecutor in fiscal matters, 

cognitus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. and 
supeiT. (from cognosco), known, tried, proved; 
homo virtute cognita, Cic 

cognomen -inis, n. (com and gnomen = 
nomen). A. a surname, family name, the name 
following the name of the gens (e.g., Cicero); 
alicui cognomen Coriolano or Capitoni est, 
Cic, Liv.; cognomen habere sapient is, Cic; 
cognomen sumere or trahere or sibi arripere ex 
aliqua re, Cic. B. name of a place ; Hesperiam 
Graji cognomine dicunt, Verg. , 

cognomentum -i, n. 1, a surname, Plaut. ; 
2, a name, Tac 

cognominatus -a -um (com and nominatus) 
= <rvvu>wnos, of the same meaning ; verba, synon- 

oognominis -e (cognomen), having the same 
name ; gaudet cognomine terra, Verg. ; with 
dat., cognomine Insubribus pago, Liv. 

oognomino, 1. (cognomen), to give a sur- 
name to, call by a surname, Varr. 

cognosco -gnovi -gnitum (com and gnosco 
= nosco), 8. to become acquainted with, remark, 
notice, perceive, see ; and in the perf. tenses, to 
know. I. Gen., with ace, cognoscere naturam 
rerum, Cic;, Cic; with 
abl. of means, aliquid experiendo magis quam 
discendo, Cic. ; with per, homo per se cognitus, 
Cic. ; with ab or ex, aliquem ex litteris alicuius, 
Cic. ; with two accusatives, aliquem hominem 
pudentem et officiosum, Cic. ; with ace. and in- 
fin., Attici nostri te valde studiosum esse cog- 
novi, Cic; abl. absol., cognito, it being knou'ii, 
cognito vivere Ptolemaeum, Liv. ; with relative 
sentence, cognoscite nunc, quae potestas decem- 
viris et quanta detur, Cic II. a. to recognise ; 
quum emn Syracusis ainplins centum cives Ro- 
mani cognoscerent, Cic; b, to study; Demog- 
thenem totum, Cic. ; c, of judges, tohear, decide; 
causa cognita, Cic. ; cognoscere de actis Caesaris, 

cogo, cfiegi, c5actum, 8. (coigo for com and 
ago). I. to bring, drive, or drate to one point, to 
collect. A. Lit., a, pecudes stabulis, Verg. ; esp. 
as milit. t. t., exercitum magnasque copias, 
Caes. ; b, political t. t., to assemble a public 
body; senatum, Cic; judices, Cic; comitium, 
Caes. ; c, to bring together gifts or money ; pe- 
cuniam ex decumis, Cic; d, to unite, gather 
together; nubes imbres ventique coguntur, Cic ; 




of liquids, or of a thin material, to thicken; 
Jrigorc mella cogit hiems, Verg. ; lac coactum, 
curdled, Ov. ; subst., coacta -Cram. n. thick 
■woven cloth, felt f Caes. ; e, milit. t. t, agraca 
cogere, to' bring up Wie rear, Caes.;' fig., to be 
the. last ; ut nee duces simus nee agmen cog- 
auius, Cic. B. Transf., a, to unite, collect; jus 
civile in certa genera, Cic. ; b, to infer, conclude, 
prove; hoc cogere volebat falsas litteras esse, 
Cic. II. to drive, force into a narrow space. 

A. Lit., a, yi et .necessario sumus in portum 
coacti, Cic.; b, of liquids and places, to confine; 
in. artissimas -ripas Aous. cogituramnis, Liv. 

B. Transf., a, to force; Boios in jus judicium- 
que popiili- Romani, Liv. ; b, to compel to do 
something; aliquem ad militiam, • Sail,; with 
infill,, -xr emere ooegit, Cic.-; -with ut. and the 
siibj., cogere -incipit -eos-ut absenteni Heraclium 
condemnarent, Cic. ; -with aoc. of the thing one 
is' compelled to do, cogere cives id omnes, Cic. ; 
partic, coactus, constrained; invitus et coac- 
tus, Cic. 

cohaerentia -ae, f. (cohaereo), a coherence, 
connexion; mundi, Cic. 

cohaereo -haesi-haesum, 2. I. A. to adhere 
to, hangtogether, be closely connected with ; cohaer- 
ens cum corpore mem brum, Cic; nee equo mea 
membra cohaerent, Ov. B. Transf., haec ratio 
pecuniarum implicita est cum illis pecuniis 
Asiaticis et cohaeret, Cic. II. A. to have co- 
herence, subsist, hold together; muudus ita apte 
cohaeret, ut dissolvi nullo modo queat, Cic. 
B. Transf., vix diserti adolescentis cohaerebat 
oratio, Cic. 

cdhaeresco -haesi, 3. (inchoat. of cohaereo), 
to hang together, mutually adhere ; atomi inter se 
cohaerentes, Cic. 

coheres -edis, m. a coheir, Cic. 
' cohibeo -ui -Itnm, 2. (com .ind habco). I. to 
hold, contain, hold together; brachium toga, Cic. ; 
omnes naturas ipsa (natura) cohibet et continet, 
Cic. II. to confine, restrain. A. Lit., ventos 
carcere, Ov. ; crinem nodo, to tie, Hor. B. 
Transf., to hinder, hold back, control, repress; 
conatus alicuius, Cic. ; manum, oculos, animum 
ab auro gazaque regia, Cic. ; foil, by quominus 
and the subj., Tac. 

cohonesto, 1. (com and honeeto), to honour 
or reference; statuas, Cic. 

cohorresco -horriii, 3. (com and horresco), 
to shudder or shiver ; quo (sudore) quuin cohor- 
raisset, Cic. ; eBp., to shudder from fright, to be 
horrified at; quem ut agnovi,- equidem cohor- 
rui, Cic ..,...- 

cohors ( cors, chors) -tis, f. (connected with 
XopTos). I. an enclosure for cattle, Ov. II. 
Meton., A. a troop, throng; fratrum stipata, 
Verg. ; febrium, Hor. B. Esp. milit. t. t., 1, 
a cohort, a division of the Roman- army, being the 
tenth part of a legion, Caes. ; often = the auxili- 
ary forces of the allies, Sail. ; 2, praetoria cohors, 
a, a body-guard for the general, -Caes. ; b;' the 
retinue of the governor of a province, Cic. - ■ 
_ cohortatio -onis, f. (cohortor), an exhorta- 
(ion, encouragement ; cohortatio quaedam judic- 
uin ad honeste judicandum, Cic. * 

cohorticula -ae, f. (dim. of cohors), a 
little cohort, ap. Cic. 

cohortor, 1. dep. (com and hortor), to en- 
courage, incite, exhort ; used esp. of the general's 
speech to his soldiers before a battle, aliquemad 
virtutis studiutn, Cic. ; exercitum more militari 
ad pugnam, Caes. ; foil, by ut or ne with the 
subj., or by the subj. alone, Cic., Caes. ; with 
ad and the gerund, aliquem ad honorandum 
Berv. Snlpicium, Cic. 

, coinquino, 1. no perf., to pollute, defile. Col. 

cSitlo -onis, f. (coeo), 1, a coming together, 
meeting, Ter. ; 2, a faction, party, coalition, con- 
spiracy; suspicio coitionis, Cic. ; coitiones tri- 
bunorum adversus nobilium juventuteni ortae, 

COltus -us, in. (coeo), a coming together, union, 
connexion, Ov. 

colaphus -i, m. («d\a<#>05), a box on the ear; 
colapho icere, or ferire aliquem, Plaut., Nep. 

Colchis -idis, f. (KoA.x l '?)> Colchis, a country 
on the eastern shore of the Black Sea,; heuce adj., 
Colchis -idisj-f. Cokhian, and used. subst.= 
Medea, Hor,; ColchllS -a.-um, -CokhioM f ve- 
nena (of Medea), Ov. Subst., Colchus -i, m. 
a. Colchian, and appell. — .« fca?ia;u«)i,-Hor. ' 
■ colens -Miiis,- p. adj. (colo), honouring, rever- 
ent ; qui sunt religionum cqlentes (rives), Cic. 

coleus -i, in. a testicle, Cic, 

coliphla (colyphla). -Crum, "n. a, kind of 
nourishing food used by wrestlers, Juv. 

colls = caulis (q.v.). 

collabasco, 3. (com and labasco), to begin to 
fall, to totter, Plant. 

collabefacto, 1. (com and labefacto), to 
cause, to totter, Ov. ; used also of the liquefaction 
of hard bodies, Lucr. 

COllabefio -factus -fieri (com and labefacio). 
A. Lit., to be made to totter or fall ; altera (navis), 
praefracto rostra tota collabelieret, was dashed 
to pieces; igni collabefacta, melted, Lucr. B. 
Transf, a Themistoclc collabefactus, overthrown, 

collabor -lapsus sum, -labi, dep. (com and 
labor), to fall down, sink down, collapse; a, of 
buildings, towns, etc., collapsa quaedam minis 
sunt, Liv. ; b, of persons, to fall down in a 
swoon or death ; cecidit collapsus in artus', Verg. 

collaceratus -a -urn (com and lacero), very 
much lacerated or torn; corpus, Tac. 

collacrimatio -onis, f. (collacrimo), a 
weeping, Cic. 

collacrimo, 1, (com and lacrimo), to break 
out into tears, Cic. ; with ace. to bemoan, weep 
for very much; histrio casum meum totiens col- 
lacrimavit, Cic. 

collacteus -i, m. -a -ae, f. a foster-brother, 
or sister, Juv. 

collare -is, n. (collum), an iron collar or 
chain for the neck, Plaut. 

Collatia -ae, f. town of the Sabines near Rome ; 
hence, Collatinus -a -urn, belonging to Col- 
latia; surname of L. Tarquinius, the husband of 
Lucretia, native ofColhtia. 

collatio -onis, f. (confero). A. Lit. abring- 
ing together; a, signorum, a hostile collision in 
the field, Cic. ; b, « contribution, collection; stipis 
ant decimae, Liv. ; a present for the emperor, Tac. 
B. Transf. comparison, simile; collatio est ora- 
tio rein cum re ex shnilitudiiie conferens, Cic. 

COllatlVUS -a -um (collatus), brought together, 
united; venter, swollen, Plaut. 

collator -oris, m. (confero), a contributor, 

collatus -a -urn, partic. of confero.. 

collaudatio -unis, f. (collaudo), strong,, or 
hearty praise, Cic. 

collaudo, 1. (com and laudo), to praise very 
much ; orationem satis multis verbis, Cic. 

collaxo, 1. (com and laxo), to widen, extend, 

collecta -ae, f. (collectus, from 1. colligo), a 
contribution in money; collectam a conviva 
cxigere, Cic. 

collecticius (oollectitlus) -a -um (1. eo?- . 




ligo), [lathered together; cxemtus, quickly levied, 

collectio -Onis, f. (1. colligo). I. a collecting, 
gathering together, collection; meinbrorum, Cic. 
II. Transf., 1, »i rhetoric, a brief recapitulation, 
Cic/; 2, in logic, a conclusion, inference, Sen. 

colleotus -a -urn, p. adj. with compar. and 

Blipei'l. (1. colligo), contracted, concise, concen- 
trated; dicendi genus, Tac • 

collega -ae, m. (com and lego), 1, one who is 
deputed with another, a colleague, partner in office ; 
alicuius collegam in questura fnisse, Cic. ; 2, 
a-commde, Juv, _' _ 

collegium -ii, n. (collega). I. Abstract, 

rnllragiieship,, the. connexion between colleagues, 
hetirecn those who' jointly fill, the same, office; P. 
Decius per tot collegia expertus, Liy. II. Con- 
crete, persons united in colleagueship, a. body, 
guild, corporation, college; a, of magistrates, 
praetorum, tribunorum, Cic. ; b, of priests, 
pontificum, angurum, Cic; c, a political club; 
innumerabilia qnaedam collegia ex omni faece 
urliis ac servitio constituta, Cic. ; d, a trade 
guild; mercatorum, Liv. ; e, a band, body; am- 
bubajarum, Hor. 

collibertus -i, ra. (com and Hbertus), a 
fellow freed/man, Cic. 

collibet, or collubet -bfiit or -bitum est, 2. 
(com and lubet or libet), impers. it pleases, is 
jgreeable; simul ac mihi collibitum sit de te 
cogitare, Cic. 

collide -Hsi -Hsum (com ami laedo), 3. to 
strike together, dash together; 1, humor ita mol- 
lis est, ut facile comprimi collidique possit, 
Cic. ; 2, pass, to come into hostile collision; Graecia 
barbaiiae lento collisa duello, Hor. 

colligatio -onis, f. (2. colligo), a binding 
together, connexion; causarum omnium, Cic. 

1. colligo -lcgi -lectum, 3. (coin and lego), 
to bring togetlier, collect. I. Lit., a, radices, 
Cic. ; vasa, to pack up, Liv. ; b, to bring together, 
assemble; ex agris ingentem nnmerum perditor- 
uni hominum, Cic; milites', Cic; c, to gather 
into a smaller space, contract; se colligere or 
colligi in arms, to cover oneself with a shield, 
Verg. II. Transf., a, to gather together; niulta 
in conventu vitia in aliquem, Cic; b, to gain, 
acquire; ex hoc labore magnam gratiam mag- 
namque dignitatem, Cic. ; c, colligere se, or 
animinn, or mentem, to compose oneself, gain 
courage; se ex timore, Caes. ; d, in speech, to 
bring together, tell of; omnia bella civilia, Cic. ; 
e, to think of; qiium maximarum civitatum 
voteres animo calamitates colligo, Cic; f, of 
numbers, to reckon; centum et viginti anni ab 
interitu Ciceronis in hunc diem colliguntnr, 
Tac. ; g, to infer, conclude; bene ctiam colligit 
liaec pueris et lnulierculis esse grata, Cic. ' 

2. colligo, 1. (com and ligo), to biiul, tie, 
fasten together. I. A. Lit., inanus, Cic. B. 
Transf., a, to connect; (mens) homines antea 
dissociates jucundissimo inter se sermonis vin- 
culo colligavit, Cic. ; gen. in pass., res oinncs 
inter se aptae colligataeque, Cic ; b, to join to- 
gether in writing ; ut verbis colligentiir senten- 
tiae, Cic. ; c, to join politically ; se cum multis, 
Cic; d, to detain; aliquem in Graecia, Cic. 
II. to bind together the parts of a thin" A. Lit., 
oiiine colligatum solvi potest, Cic. B. Transf, 
a, to join together in narration ; septingentoruth 
annoruni memoriam uno libro, Cic. ; b, to hinder, 
ttop; impetum furentis vitae suae periculo, Cic. 

colllnco, 1. (com and lineo), to direct in a 
straight line; hastam aut sagittam, Cic. ; absol., 
quis est enim qui totum diem jaculans non ali- 
quando collineet, hits the mark, Cic. 

collino -levi -Ilium, 3. (com and lino), to be- 
smear, daub; aliquid aliqua re, Hor. 

COllinus -a -um (collis). I. hilly, relating to 
a hilt, situate on a hill. II. Esp. Collmus, «t 
or on the Quirinal hill ; tribus, Cic. ; esp., porta 
Collina, a' gate of Home near the Quirinal Hill, 
Liv.; licrbac, !/)-i) »'i)(;/ near the Porta Collina, Prop; 

colliquefactus -a -um (com and.liquetio), 

liquefied, melted, Cic. 

collis -is, in. a hill, high ground, Cic. .; 

collocatio -onis, f. (cxdtoco). I. .Act., a 
placing, esp. a giving i)i mitrriage ; liliae, -Cic. 
II. Pass., a position; a, . .tsiderum, Cic.;. b, 
rhefc t. t.,~ position, arrangeinent, order; \ur- 
boruifi, Cic ; argnmentoruin, Cic ; bene struct^ 
am collocationem dissalvere, Cic. '"'• •- 

colloco (con-loco), 1. to place, lay, set. J, 
Gen. A. Lit, 1, tabulas bene pictas in bono 
lumine, Cic. ; simulacrum Victoriae ante ipsam 
Minervam, Caes. ; aliquem in enrrn, Cic. ; .-.2j 
milit. t.t., to station; duas legiones et omnia 
auxilia in suramo jugo, Caes. ; alicui insidias 
ante fiindum suinn, Cic. B. Transf., 1, to 
place, lay, put ; res eae, quae agentur aut dic- 
entur, suo loeo collocandae, Cic. ; 2, to place, 
cause to rest ; in aliquo magnam stiem dignitatis 
suae, to build hopes on, Cic ; 3, of time, to pass ; 
adolescentiam suam in amore atque voluptat- 
ibus, Cic. II, Esp. A. Lit., 1, to set up in a 
particular place,erect; sedes acdomicilium, Cic ; 
2, chlamydem, ut pendeat apte, to arrange, 
Ov. ; 3, of persons, to settle, station; in tins 
tetrarcliia unuin ex Graecis comitibus suis, Cic. ; 
colonias, Cic. ; milit. t.t. tobillet, auarter; exer- 
citum in Aulercis Lcxoviisque in hibernis, Caes. ; 
4, tosettle in possession nr property ; aliqileiii in 
patrimonio suo, Cic B. Transf., 1, 10 place; 
aliquem in amplissimo consilio et in altissiinu 
graun dignitatis, Cic; 2, of women, to settle in. 
■marriage; aliquam in niatrimoniuin, Cic; ali- 
cuius filio fdiain suam, Cic; 3, of money, to in* 
vest; pecuniam in praediis collocare, Cic. ; or to. 
employ, spend; patiimonium in reipublicae sa- 
lute, Cic ; 4, to arrange inproper order ; verba 
diligenter collocata, Cic ; 5, to direct, manage; 
rem militarem, Cic 

collocupleto, 1. (com and locupleto), to en- 
rich exceedingly, Ter. 

collocutio -5nis, f. (colloquor), conversa- 
tion; collocutiones familiarissimae cum aliquo, 

colloquium -H, n. (colloquor), talk, conver- 
sation, colloquy, conference ; colloquia secreta 
serere cum aliquo, , Liv. ; clandestina colloqnia 
cum hostibus, Cic; colloquium expetere, Caes.; 
dare, Liv.; crebra colloquia. inter se habere, 
Caes.; per colloquia de paeeagere, Caes.; aliquem 
ad colloquium evocare,Cic ; ad colloquium con- 
gredi, Liv. ; dirimere, Caes. ; . interruinpere, 
Caes. ; in alicuius congressum colloquiumqiie. 
pervenire, Cic. 

colloquor -cutus or -quiitus sum, -loqui' 
(com and loquor), 3. dcp. to speak, talk, converse 
with any one, to treat or negotiate with; cum: 
aliquo, Cic. ; inter se, Cic; cum aliquo per lit- 
teras, Cic. 

colluceo, 2. (com and luceo), to shine on all' 
sides, to be completely illuminated. I. Lit., sol 
qui tain longc lateque colluceat, Cic ; collucent 
moenia flammis, Verg. II. Transf., vidi col- 

lucere omnia furtis tuis, Cic . ■,' 

_ . .■ 

colludo ,-lilsi -lusum. 3. (com and ludo). 
A. Lit. to play with; paribus, Hor. B. Transf. , 

to hare a secret understanding with another per- 
son, to act collusively, Cic. 

collum -i, n. (collus -i, m.), the neck; 1, of' 




meu and animals, in collum invaait, fitt on his | 
tMcfc, Cic. ; collum torqucre, to drag be/ore a tri- 
bunal, or to prison, Liv. ; posuit collum in pul- 
vere, Hor. ; 2, the neck of a bottle, Pliaedr. ; of a 
poppy, Verg. 

colluo -liii -latum, 3. (com and lno), to wash 
thorouahln, rinse; os, Pliu. ; nra, to quench the 


collua -i, m. ss collum (q.v.). 
colluslo -onis, f. (colludo), collusion, a secret 
understanding; cum allquo, Cic. 

COllUSor -oris, m. (colludo), a, a play-fellow, 
Juv. ; b, a fellow-gambler, Cic. 

collustro, 1. (com and lustro). A. to illum- 
inate on all sides; sol omnia clarissiina luce 
eollustrans, Oic. ; in pictnrii alios opaca, alios 
collustrata delect ant, brilliant colouring, Cic. 
B. Transf., to survey, lool: at OH nil sides; omnia 
oeulis, Cic. 

collutulento, 1, to dirty or defile all over, 
coliuvlo -onis, and collu vies -ei, f. (colluo). 

A. a flowing together, or collection of impurities, 
filth, Plin. B. Transf., rabble, medley, offscour- 
ings; omnium scelerum,Cic. ; quum ex bac turba 
et colluvione discedam, Cic. 

COllybUS -i, m. (<edAAu/3o?). A. the agio or 
percentage charged in money-changing, Cic. B. 
Transf., the money-changer's occupation, Cic. 

collyra -ae, f. (icoAAvpa), a kind of cake or 
lun which was broken into broth. Plant. 

collyrlcus -a -um, jus, the broth with which 
the collyra was eat*n, Plant. 

collyrium -ii, n. (xoMvpwv), eye-salve, Hor. 

cdlo, codui, cultum, 3. I. 1, to cultivate, till 
the ground, farm; agruin, Cic. ; praedia studiose, 
Cic. ; vitem, Cic; 2 f to dweii in a place, in- 
habit; urbem, Cic; msulas, Liv.; absol., circa 
utramqne ripam Rliodani, Liv. II. 1, to take 
care of, attend to; formam augere colendo, Ov. ; 
2. to cultivate, practise, study ; studium philoso- 
pliiae a prima adoleseentia, Civ. ; (Idem, virtnt- 
em, sapientiam, Cic; 3, to pay ie*i>ett to; a, of 
deities, to worship; dens, Cic; Musarum dc- 
lubra, Cic ; templum miro lionore, Verg ; b, of 
men, to honour, reverence, court ; aliquem sum ma 
observantia, Cic. 

colScasIa -ae, f. and colocasium -ii, n. 
(«oAo*oo'io). the Egyptian bean, Verg. 

colona -ae, f. (colonu.s), a country woman, Ov. 

Colonae arum, f. (KoAwyai), a town -ire 7 

Coloneus -a-um, belonging to the Attic deme 
Colonos ; Oedipus Coloneus, a tragedy of So- 

cdlonia -ae, f. (colonus). I. a farm, estate, 
Col. IT. a colony. A. Lit., constituere colon- 
iam, Cic. ; colonos doduccre in colonias, Cic. 

B. Meton., the colonists ; deducere, Cic; mittere 
in locum, Cic. 

colonicus -a -um (colonus), 1, relating or 
belonging to agriculture or a farm; leges, Varr. ; 
2, relating or belonging to a colony, colonial; 
coliortes, levied in Roman colonies, Caes. 

colonus -i, m. (colo), 1, a farmer, agriad- 
turist, Cic. ; 2, o; colonist, inhabitant of a colony, 
Cic; poet, transf. = inhabitant, Verg. 

Colophon -nnis, f. (KoAo^tii), one of the 
twelve Ionian towns on the coast of Lydia, famed 
for its cavalry. Adj., Colophoniacus -a -um, 
Colophonlus -a -um, Colophonian. 

color (colos) -oris, m. (colo). I. Lit., A, Gen. 
colour, tint, hue, Cic. ; colorem ducere, of tlie 
grape, to become coloured, Verg. B. Ksp. 1, 
complexion ; verus, real, Ter.; fucatus, artificial, 

Hor. ; mutare, to change colour, Hor., Ov. ; 
2, beautiful complexion, beauty; nimium ne 
crede colori, Verg. IL Transf., 1, outward show, 
external appearance; civitalis, Cic; 2, W»p. "f 
oratory or speech, cast, character, tone; color 
urhanitalis, Ci'- ; 3, ornament, embellishment; 
ilos et color plginentoruin, Cic; 4, an artfir 
excuse, or colouring of a questionable action, Juv. 

coloratus -a -um (partic of coloro), 1, 
coloured; arcus, Cic ; 2, red, embrowned, Tac. 

coloro, 1. (color). A, Lit., to colour; a, 
corpora. Cic; b, to tan (of the sun); quum in 
sole ambulem natura tit ut colorer, Cic B. 
Transf., to give tone or colour to style ; urbanitatc 
quadam quasi colorata oratlo, Cic 

edlosseus -a -mn (n-oAoacraro?), colossal, 
gigantic, Plin. 

colossious -a -um (koAoo-ctiko?), colossal, 
gigantic, Plin. 

colossus -i. m. (jcoAo<r<rris), a colossus, a 
statue larger than, life; csp. applied to tlie 
gigantic statue of Apollo at the entrance of the 
harbour of Rhodes, Plin. 

colostra -ae, f. (colostra -drum, n.), the 

first milk after calving, hiestings, Mart.; used a's 

a term of endearment, Plant. 
coluber -bri, in. a serpent, snake, Verg., Ov 
colubra -ae, f. a female serpent, a snake, Hor. 

colubrifer -fere -fernni (coluber and fero), 
snake-bearing, snaky-haired, epithet of Medusa, 
Ov.^ w 

colllbrmus -a -um (coluber), snake-like; 
transf., cunning, wily, Plant. 

Colum -i, n. a colander, sieve, strainer, Verg. 

COlumba -ae, f. (columlms), a pigeon, dove, 
Cic. ; Cytliereiadea (as sacred to Venus), Ov. 

columbar -iiris, n. (columba), a kind oj 
collar for slaves like a pigeon-hole, Plants 

columblnus -a -um (columba), relating or 
belonging to a pigeon ; pnlli, Cic, 

ColumbulUS -i, m. (dim. of columlms), a 
little pigeon, Plin. 

cdTumbus i, m. a male dove or pigeon, Hor 

1. columella -ae, f. (dim. of columna), a 
little column, Cic. 

2. Columella -ae, m. L. Junius Hoderatus, 

a Roman writer upon agriculture, native of Cadi;, 
contemporary of Seneca and Celsus. 

eolumen -inis, n. ("cello, that which is 
raised on high). I. a height. A. Lit., sub altis 
Phrygiae eoluiniiiibus, mountains, Cat. B. 
Transf., of persons, the chief, most distinguished; 
eolumen amicoruin Antonii t'otyla Varius, Cic. 
II, a pillar. A. Lit., Cic. poet. B. Transf., 
eolumen reipublicae, support, Cic. 

columna -ae, f. (connected with eolumen), 
". pillar, column. A. Lit., marmorea, Cic; pro v., 
incurrerc amentem in columnas, to run one's 
head against a stone wall, Cic ; columna rust rata, 
a column adorned with beaks of ships erected in 
honour of the victory of Duilius over the Car- 
thaginians, Quint.; columna Maenia, " pillar in 
the Roman forum to which thieves and slaves were 
tied to receive punishment, Cic; hence, adhaercsc- 
ere ad columnam, Cic. ; ad columnam per venire, 
Cic; columnae, the pillars in Rome rovnil which 
books were exposed for sale, Hor. ; columnae Pro- 
tei, the. boundai-ies of Egypt (columns being used 
to mark boundaries), Verg.; columnae Herculis, 
the mountains of Calpe and Abyla at the straits of 
Gibraltar, Plin. B. Transf., a, re support, pillar of 
the state ; injurioso ne pede proruas stantem col- 
umnam, Hor. ; b, a waterspout, Lucr. 

columnarius -a -wo (columna), belonging 




to a pillar. Subst., 1, columnar ii -Grum, 
m. those who have been punished at tlw columna 
Maenia (v. columna), rascals, thieves, ap. Cic. ; 
2, columnarium -Ii, n. a tax on pillars, Cic. 

columnatus -a -um (columna), supported 
on columns, Varr. ; os, resting on the hand, Plaut. 

colurnus -a -um (for corulnus, from eorulus), 
made of hazel wood ; hastilia, Verg. 

coius -i and -us, abl. colo, f. (m. Cat., Ov.), 
a distaff, Cic. 

com, old Latin — cum, in classical Latin ; 
only found in composition. 

coma -ae, f. (tow). A. Lit., the hair of the 
head, Cic. B. Transf., 1, the leaves of trees, Hor.; 
2, the wool of sheep, ap. Cic. 

comans -antis (coma), hairy ; colla equoruni, 
Verg. ; galea, crested, Verg. ; stella, a comet, Ov. ; 
narcissus sera comans, covered with leaves, Verg. 

comarchus -i, ni. (xui^apxos), the mayor or 
chief officer of a village, Plaut. 

comatus -a -um (coma), 1, hairy, Mart. ; 
comata Gallia = Transalpina, Plin. ; 2, silva, 
in full leaf, Cat. 

1. combibo -bibi, 3. to drink in, suck up, 
imbibe. A. Lit., venenum corpore, Hor. B. 
Fig., quas (artes) si dum est tener combiberit, 

2. combibo -onis, in. a boon companion, com- 
rade in drinking, Cic. 

Combulteria -ae, f. town of tlie Samnitcs on 
the soidh-west borders of Campania. 

comburo -bussi -bustum, 3. (com and uro). 
A. Lit., to burn up, consume entirely; libros, 
Caes. ; aliquem vivum, Cic. ; of the. burning of 
the dead, aliquem in foro, Cic. B. Trausf., ali- 
quem judicio, to ruin, Cic. ; diem, to co)isume in 
revelling, Plaut. 

combustum -i, u. a bum or scald, Plin. 

Come -es, f. (K<i>p.rj, village). I. Hiera Come, 
o place in Caria. II. Xyline Conic, a place in 
Pisidia. III. Antoridos Come, a place in 

comedo -edi -esum (-essum) or -estum, 3. to 
eat lip, consume entirely. A. Lit., ex se natos 
(of Saturn), Cic. B. Transf., aliquem oculis, to 
devour with one's eyes, Mart. ; se, to consume one- 
self in grief, Cic. C. to consume, waste, squander; 
patrimonium, Cic. 

comes -itis, c. (com and eo or meo), 1, o 
companion, comrade, associate; seditionum, 
Tac. ; fugae, Cic. ; victoriae, Caes. ; esse comit- 
cui alicuius, Cic. ; aliquem comitem habere, 
Cic. ; non praebere se comitem illius furoris sed 
ducein, Cic. ; used of things and abstractions, 
mortis conies gloria, Cic. ; 2, esp. an attendant; 
a, the attendant or tutor of aboy, Verg. ; b, plur., 
comites, the retinue which accompanied a Roman 
magistrate into his province, and generally, any 
Imdy nf attendants ; comites omnes magistratuum, 
Cic. ; in later times, tlie body of courtiers, (lie tin- 
perial court, Suet. 

cometes -ac, in. (ko;i>jtiis), a comet, Cic. 

cornice, adv. (comicus), in the manner of 
comedy; cornice res tragicas tractarc, Cic. 

comicus -a -um (kw/xikos). A. Adj., a, relat- 
ing to comedy, comic ; poeta, Cic. ; b, represented 
in comedy; senes, Cic; adolescens, Cic. B. 
Subst., a, anaclor in comedy, Plaut. ; b, atomic 
poet, Cic. 

cominus = comminus (q.v.). 

oomis -e (conio), courteous, kind, friendly, 
obliging, amiable; a, of persons, dominus, Cic. ; 
in amicis tuendis, Cic. ; erga aliquem, Cic. ; b, 
of things, comi hospitio accipj, Liv. ; serino, Tac. 

comissabundus -a -um (comissor), rtveU 
ling, rioting ; teuiulcnto agmine j>er Indiam 
comissabundus inccssit, Liv. 

commissatio -onis, f. (comissor), a revel, 
riotous feastitig, Cic. 

comissator -oris, m. (comissor), a reveller, 
riotous feaster, Cic. ; transf., comissatores con- 
jurationis, accomplices, Cic. 

comissor («cw/ia£u>), 1, dep. to make a joyful 
procession with music and dancing, to revel, feast' 
riotously; comissatuni ire ad aliquem, Liv.; 
couiissari in domum Pauli, Hor. 

comitas -atis, f. (comis), courtesy, friend- 
liness, obligingness, civility (opp. gravitas, seve- 
ritas); comitas affabilitasque sermonis, Cic. 

comitatus -us, m. (comitor), 1, attendance, 
companionship; optimorum et clarissimorum 
civiuin, Cic. ; transf., tanto virtutum comitatu 
(opus est), Cic; 2, a train, retinue, following; 
praedonis improbissimi societas atque comi- 
tatus, Cic ; esp. a, in imperial times, the court, 
imperial suite, Tac; b, a caravan, convoy; 
inagnus, Caes. 

cdmiter, adv. (comis), courteously, civilly, 
kindly, affably, Cic. 

comitia, v. comitium. 

cdmitialis -e (comitia), relating to the comi- 
tia; dies, mensis, when the comitia were held, Cic; 
homines, men constantly in attendance on the comi- 
tia, and ready to sell their votes, Plaut. ; morbus, 
epilepsy, so called because its occurrence put a stop 
to the comitia, Cels. ; hence subst., cdmitialis 
-is, m. one afflicted with epilepsy, Plin. 

comitlatus -us, in. (comitia), the assembly of 
the people in the comitia, Cic. 

cSmitiuru -if, n. (comeo = coeo). I. Sing. 
an. enclosed place in or near the Roman forum, 
vthere the comitia were held. II. Plur. comitia 
-Srum, u. the assembly of the Roman people, under 
three distinct forms; centuriata, an assembly ac- 
cording to the centuries instituted by Servius Tul- 
lius; curiata, an assembly of the curies, in later 
times rarely held except formally; tributa, the 
assembly of the people in their tribes ; comitia 
habere, to hold an assembly of the people, Cic. ; 
consularia, assembly for the purpose of electing a 
consul, Liv.; tribuuicia quaestoria, Cic. ; comitia 
instituere, obire, dimittere, Cic 

comito. 1. = comitor, partic. comitatus, 
accoinjKiuied; with abl., alieuis viris, Cic. ; dolore, 
Ov. ; abs. bene comitare, Cic. 

comitor, 1. dep. (comes), 1, to join- as a 
companion or follower, to accompany, to follow; 
aliquem, Caes.; nautasfuga, Verg.; absol., magna 
comitante catevva, Verg.; withdat., tardis ment- 
ibus virtus non facile comitatur, Cic; 2, to 
follow to the grave ; aliquem, Nep., Verg. 

commaoulo, 1. to spot all over, pollute 
I. Lit., inanus sanguine, Verg. II. Transf., se 
isto intinito ambitu, Cic. 

Commagone -es, f. (Kon^ayriinj), a province 
of , Syria (capital Samosata), HOW Camash. Adj., 
Commagenus -a -um, Commagenian. 

commanipularis is, in. a soldier belonging 
to the same maniple or company, a comrade, Tac 

commeatus -us, m. (commco). I. free pas- 
sage, going and coming, Plaut. II. Meton., 1, 
liberty to go unhindered; milit. t. t., leave of 
absence, furlough; sumere, dare, Liv.; in com- 
nieatu esse, to be on furlough, Liv. ; cum com- 
meatu Syracusis remanere, Cic ; 2, that which is 
going or coming ; a, a company of merchants, cara- 
van; Londinium copifi. negotiatorum et comme- 
atuum niaxime celebre, Tac ; b, supply of pro- 
visions, food, forage; comraeatum or commeatus 




pararc, Liv., Sail.; ampere, arcessOre, conveh- 
cre, advehere, portarc, Liv. ; pelerc, Cacti. ; 
aliquem commeatu prohibere, Cai's. ; alinucni 
commeatu ct reliquis copiis intercludero, Cic. 

commeditor, 1, dep. to remind, call to re- 
membrance, Lucr. 

commemini -isse, to renumber fully; atrinn 
hoc tu pantiu coiniueininisti, an ego uon satis 
intellexi ? Cic , 

cominemorabilis -e (commemoro), worthy 
of remembrance, worthy of mention, memorable; 
pietas, Cic. 

. commemoratio -onis, f. (commemoro), re- 
membrance, mention, reminding; otliciorum, Cic. 

commemoro, 1. I. to call to mind, recollect; 
quid quoque diedixeriin, audiilim, eeerim, com- 
luemoro vesperi, Cic. II. a, to remind another 
person, of something, to bring to another person's re- 
viembmnce; gratiam, anricftiara cognationemque, 
Cic. ; b, to mention, relate, recount; humanam 
societatem, Cic; Critolaus iste, quern cum Dio- 
gene venisse conimenioras, Cic. ; de alicuius vir- 
tute, Cic. •' 

cornmendabilis -e (commendo), commend- 
able, praiseworthy ; nee ullo cornmendabilis mei- 
ito, Liv. 

commendatlcius -a -urn. (commendatus), 
relating to a recommendation; literacy a letter of 
introduction, Cic. 

commendatio -Ouis, f. (commendo), 1, 
recommendation, commendation; commendatio 
nostra cetercruinque amicorura, Cic. ; 2, that 
which recommends, excellence; ingenii, liberalit- 
atis, Cic. 

comraendatrix -icis, f. (commendo), that 
which commends; legem comriendatrice;u Vir- 
tuturn, Cic. 

commendatus -a .um, p. adj. (from com- 
mendo), 1, recommended, commended ; quae (res) 
conunendatiorerit memoriae hoininum? Cic; 2, 
esteemed,- priced, valued, Plin. 

commendo, 1. (com and mando), to commit 
to the care, keeping, or protection of any one. I. 
Lit., tibi eius omnia negotia, Cic. II, Transf., 
A. Gen., nomen Strom immortalitati, Cic; ali- 
quid Uteris, to commit to writing, ap. Cic. B. 
Esp. a, to recommend; aliquem alicui dili- 
genter, Cic; se Caesari, Caes. ; b, to set off, 
grace, render agreeable; nulla re una niagis orat- 
orcm commendari quam verborum splendore 
et copil, Cic. 

commensus, partic. of commetior. 

commentariolum -i, n. (dim. of uoin- 

mentarius), a short treatise, Cic 

commentarius-ii, m. and commentari- 
Um-ii, n. (commentns, from comminiscor) ; l,a 
m rnorandum, or note-book, a diary; in coiumen- 
tarium referrc, Cic ; commentarn belli Gallici, 
the notes of Caesar on the llallic war, Cic ; 2, 
legal t. t., a brief, Cic 

commentatio -onis, f. (comuientor), 1, deep 
refection, careful consideration, meditation ; tota 
pliilosophorum vita commentatio mortis est, 
Cic; 2, practice, study of an orator; couimen- 
tutionesquotidianae, Cic; 3, a, dissertation, Plin. 

commenticius -a -um (commentus, from 
comminiscor), invented, fictitious; nominibus 
novi^ et comiufinticii6 appellata, Cic; civitas 
Platouis, ideal, Civ. ; crimen, false, Cic, 

1. commentor, J. dep. (com and MEN, 
root of mens). ' A., to consider thoroughly, refect 
upon deeply; futures secum niiserias, Cic; de 
jwpuli Romani libertate, Cic. ; with rel. clanse, 
ut aite co^'.^esteiaur iuter 2cs qua ratioue 
«objs traducendmu sit hoc tempus, Cic B. 

Esp., to study, practise, prepare for ; comment- 
abar dcclamitans saepe cum M. Pisone et cum 
Q, Fompeio quotidic, Cic. ; with ace, comment- 
aiioratiouemin reum, Cic; partic pert i>assivc, 
commentata oratio, Cic. ; neut. plur. subst., .sua 
et commentata et Bcripta, Lie C. to sketch, 
compose, writedown; mimos, Cic. 

2. commentor -Oris, iu. (comminiscor), a 
discoverer, inventor; uvae, Bacchus, Ov. 

commentum -i, n. (commentus from com- 
miniscor), 1, o fiction, an invention, contriv- 
ance; opinionum commenta, fancies, Cic; 
miraculi, Liv.; 2, a lie, falsehood; millia ru- 
morum commenta, Ov. 

commeo, 1. to go up and down, come and go, 
visit frequently ; vulgatum ernt inter Vejos Rom- 
amque nuncios commeare, Liv.'; ut-tuto-ab 
repentino hostium incursu etiam singuli com- 
meare possent, Caes. ; Delos quo omnes imdiquc 
cum mercibusatque oueribus commeabant, Cic. ; 
of ships, navis, quae ad ea furta, quae reliquisses, 
commearet, Cic. ; of the heavenly bodies, sur- 
sum deorsum, ultro citro, Cic. ; of letters, crebro 
enim illius litterae ab aliis ad nos commeant, 
find their way to us, Cic. 

Commercium -li, n. (com and merx). I. 

A. trade, commerce; commercio -prohibere ali- 
quem, Sail. B. Meton., a, the right of trade ; 
commercium iu eo agro nemini est, Cic ; salis 
commercium dedit, Liv. ; b, an article of traffic, 
Plin. ; c, a place of trade, commercial depdt, Plin. 
II. intercourse, communication, correspondence ; 
commercium sennonum facere, Liv.; commerci- 
um belli, negotiations as to ransom of prisoners, 
truces, etc., Tac. ; habere commercium cum ali- 
quo, Cic 

commercor, 1. dep. to buy together, buy up; 
anna, tela alia, Sail. 

commereo -iii -itum, 2. (commereor, dep. 
Plaut), 1, to deserve fully ; aestiinationem (pneu- 
ae), Cic. ; 2, to commit a fault ; c ul pain, Plant. 

commetior -mensus, 4; 1, to measure ; sidcr- 
um ambitus, Cic; 2, to measure with anything, 
compare; negotium cum tempore, Cic 

commeto, 1. (intens. of commeo), to go fre- 
quently, Ter. 

commlgro, 1. to remove in a body, to migrate; 
in domum suain, Cic. 

commilltium -ii, n. (com and miles). A. 
a companionship in war or military service, Tac. 

B. Transf., companionship, fellowship, Ov. 

commilito -onis, in. (com and milito), a 
companion or comrade in war, Cic. 

comminatio -Onis, f. (comminor), u threat- 
ening, threat, Cic. 

commingo -minxi -minctum or -mictum, 3. 
to make water on, Hor. ; transf, to defile, Cat. 

comminiscor •meatus, 3. dep. to feign, in- 
vent; mouogiummos deos, Cic; mendacinm, 
Plant.; pert partic pass., feigned, invented; 
commenta fuuera, Ov. 

comminor, 1. dep. to threaten; comminati 
inter se, Liv. ; with ace, pugnam, obsidionem, 
oppugnationem, Liv. 

comminuo -ui -utum, 0. A. to make small, 

lessen, break into small pieces, crush to pieces ; 
statuam, auulum, Cic. B. Transf., to lessen, 
diminish, to weaken, deprive of strength; opes 
civitatis, Cic. ; vires ingenii, Ov. 

comminiis, adv. (con and manue). A. Lit., 
a, milit. t. t. (opp. eminus), hand to hand, in- 
close combat; nee eminus hastis aut communis 
gladiis uteretur, Cic. ; comminus acriter instare. 
Sail. ; luauum comminiis conserere, Liv. ; of 
limit inr, coir minus ire in apros, Ov. ; b.. gee- 




dose at hand; comminus ad aliqueiu accedere, 
Cic B. Transf. , /ace to face; commiuus aspicere 
aliquem, Ov. 

commis, commi, cumniis = gumini (q.v.), 

commisceo -miscfti -mixtuiii, or -niistum, 
2. to mix together, to mix up. A. Lit, ignem 
Vestae cum connnuni urbis incendio, Cic. ; com- 
mixta frusta mero cruento, Verg. B. Transf., 
temeritatem cum sapientia, Cic. 

commiseratio -onis, f. (commiseror), in 
rhetoric, the part of an oration intended to ex- 
cite pity, Cic. ; absol., an affecting tone (of voice), 

commiseresco, 3. to pity, Ter. 

commiseror, 1. dep. 1, to pity, commiserate, 
bewail; fortunam, Nep. ; 2, of a speaker, to ex- 
cite pity ; quum commiserari, conquori coeperit, 
Cic. " 

commissio -onis, f. (committo). A. a con- 
test or struggle for a prize, Cic. B. Meton., a 
showy declamation, Sen. 

commissum -i, n. (cominitto). I. some- 
tiling undertaken, an undertaking; supererat 
nihil aliud in temere commisso quam, etc., Liv. ; 
esp., a, a crime, fault, transgression ; factum 
aut commissum audacius, Cic. ; b, confiscation, 
Quint. II. a secret ; commissa enuntiare, Cic. 

commissura -ae, f. (cominitto). A. a join- 
ing together, connection, joint, knot; molles digi- 
turum, Cic. B. Transf., connexion of a speech, 
the thread of a discourse, Quint. 

committo -misi -missum, 3. to unite, con- 
nect, combine. I. Lit., duas noctes, Ov. ; opera, 
Liv. ; nondum commissa inter se munimenta, 
Liv. II. Transf., 1, a, to begin, set on foot; 
puguaiu or pugnam cum aliquo, Cic. ; proelium, 
Caes. ; bellum, Liv. 1 ; ludos, Cic. ; b, to commit 
a crime ; tautum facinus, Cic. ; multa et in deos 
et in homines impie, Cic; c, absol., to commit a 
crime, to sin ; nemo enim committeret, Cic; con- 
tra legem, Cic. ; with ut and the subj., to bring 
it about that ; non committam posthac utine ac- 
cusare de_ epistolarum negligentia possis, Cic. ; d, 
to incur 'a punishment ; poenam, Cic. ; perf. 
partic, forfeited; hereditas Veneri Erycinae 
commissa, Cic. ; e, to entrust, commit to, reflex., 
to venture, risk oneself; se in scnatum, Cic ; se 
urbi, Cic ; aliquem iidei potestatique eius, Cic. ; 
collum tonsori, Cic ; alicui rempublicam, Liv. ; 
committere alicui, ut videat ne quid res pub- 
lica detriment! capiat, Cic. 

commode, adv. (commodus), a, rightly, 
properly, fitly, appropriately ; dicere, Cic; min- 
us commode audire, to have an indifferent repu- 
tation, Cic. ; b, agreeably, pleasantly ; feceris ig- 
itur commode mihique gratum si, etc., Cic; c, 
satisfactorily ; navigare, Cic. 

commoditas -atis, f. (commodus). I. a, 
proportion, symmetry ; corporis, Cic. ; vitae, Cic; 
b, convenience; ob commoditatein itineris, Liv.; 
C, fitness, a fit occasion; commoditas ad faciend- 
um idonea, Cic; d, advantage; qui ex bestiis 
fructus, quae commoditas percipi potest, Cic. 
II. of persons, complaisance, kindness, Ov. 

cotnmodo, 1. (commodus), 1, to make Jit, 
adapt, accommodate, Plin. ; 2. a, to adapt oneself 
to suit another person, to please, oblige, serve; 
ut eo libentius iis commodes, Cic. ; b, with 
ace, to furnish, lend, give; nomen suuin alicui, 
Cic. ; reipublicae tempus, Liv. ; alicui aurem, 
Ov.; to lend for a time ; alicui aurum, Cic. 

1. commodum, adv. (commodus), a, at the 
right time, opportunely ; commodum enim eger- 
ara diligentissirae, Cic. ; b, with quum or post- 
quam and the indie, just; commodum disctss- 
fjas heri, -quuai Trebatius veait, Cic. 

2. commodum -i. u. (coounodus), a, con- 

venience; nostro commodo, at our convenience, 
Cic; commodo tuo, Cic. ; per coininodum, Liv. ; 
quod commodo valetudinis tuae liat, Cic. ; com- 
modo reipublicae faccroaliquid, Cic; commodum 
alicuius exspectare, Cic. ; b, use, advantage, con- 
venience; pacis, Cic; sui commodi causa no- 
cere alteri, Cic; servire or consulere alicuius 
commodis, Cic; p\ur. , favour, privileges, preroga- 
tives; tribunatus (minium) coinmoda, Cic; c, 
loan; qui forum et basilicas commodis hospituin, 
non furtis nocentium ornarent, Cic. 

1. commodus -a -um (com and modus). I. 
a, proper, Jit, appropriate, convenieiit, satisfactory ; 
valetudine minus commoda uti, Caes. ; litterae 
satis commodaede Britannicis rebus, Cic; with 
dat., nulla lex satis commoda omnibus est, Cic ; 
commodum est, it pleases,' is agreeable ; si tibi 
erit commoduni, Cic; with ace. and infill., 
nihil duco esse coinmodius, quamde his. rebus 
nihil jam amplius scribere, Cic; h,eusy, con- 
venient; iter, Liv. II. friendly, obliging, plea- 
sant; mores commodi, Cic 

2. Commodus -i, in. Roman emperor from 
186-102 a.d. 

commolior, 4. dep. to set in, motion; ful- 
mina, Lucr. 

commonefacio -feci -factum, 3., pass. 
commonefio -factus sum, -fieri (commoneo 
and facio), to remind, warn; aliquem etiam at- 
que etiam, Cic. ; aliquem benencii sui. Sail. ; 
with ace. of thing, istius turpem calamitosam- 
que praeturam, Cic 

commoneo -ui -Hum, 2. to remind, warn, 
impress upon, bring to one's recollection ; ..quod 
vos lex comnionuit, Cic. ; quin is unoquoque 
gradu de avaritia tua oonimoneretur, Cic. ; non 
exprobrandi caus.a, sed commoiiendi gratia, Cic ; 
amnios de periculo, Cic. ; quum quidam ex illis 
amicis commouerent oportere decerni, Cic. 

commonstro, 1. to show fully and distinctly j 
aurum alicui, Cic 

commoratio -onis, f. (commoror), a delay- 
ing, loitering, lingering; tabellariorum, Cic; 
rhet.t.t., the dwelling for some time on one point, 

commorior -mortuus, 3. dep. to die together 
with; with dat., hostibus, Sail. • • 

commoror, 1. dep. to delay, linger, make a 
stay in any pikxee, sojourn, tarry,' remain ; a, 
Romae, Cic. ; imam noctem ad Helorum, Cic. ; 
apud aliquem, Cic ; tig., consilium tuum diutius 
in armis civilibus commorandi, Cic. ; b, rhet. 
t.t. to dwell on; pluribus verbis in eo, Cic. 

commotio -onis, f. (commoveo), an emotion, 
excitement; animi, Cic. 

conimotiuncula -ae, f. (dim. of commotio), 
a slight indisposition, Cic. 

commotus -a -um, p. adj. (from commoveo), 

1, tottering, insecure, unsteady; aes alienum, 
Tac ; gonus (dicendi) in agendo, Cic. ; 2, moved 
in mind, excited ; animus commotior, Cic. 

commoveo -movi -motum, 3. I. Lit. to 
move entirely or violently, to shake, to move from a 
place ; 1, se ex eo loco, Cic. ; castra ex eo loco, to 
cause the army to advance, Cic. ; sacra, to carry 
about (at festivals, etc.) the statues of the gods and 
the sacred utensils, Verg. ; nummum, to employ 
in commerce, Cic. ; colunmas, to carry off, Cic. ; 

2, a, to hunt; cervum, Verg.; b, to cause to 
yield or give way ; hostium aciem, Liv. II. 
Transf., 1, of the mind or the passions^, to 
move, influence, disturb; his omnes, in quibus 
est virtutis indoles, commoventur, Cic. ; aut 
libidine aliqua aut metu rfommotum esse, Cic. ; 
nova atque inutitata. specie commotus, Caes. ■; 
eiusdeci iniserjis ac cericulis coruraovatur, Cic. ; ; 
quum esset ex aere alieno comznota civitas, Cio,' 





2, to call forth, produce, cause; risum, Cie. ; 
magnum et accrbum dolorem, Cic. ; bellum ant 
tnmultum, Cic. ; 3, to treat of, nova quaedum, 
Cic. (contracted perf. forms cominossem, eom- 
mosset, commo.sse, Cic). 

commiinlcatlo -onis, f. (communico), 1, a 
communicating, imparting ; consilii, Cic. ; 2, a. 
rhetorical figure = avaKoivmm.<;, in, which the orator 
pretends to considt the audience, Cic. 

communico, 1. (communis), to share, divide. 
with, communicate ; 1, judicia cum equestri or- 
dine communicata erant, Cic. ; rem cum aliquo, 
Cic. ; 2, to communicate, impart, inform, by 
speaking or writing; consilia, Caes.; de societate 
multa inter se, Cic-; to take counsel with, confer 
with; cum aliquo de maximis rebus, Cic; 3, to 
join, unite ; quantas pecunias ab uxoribus dotis 
nomine acceperunt, tantas ex suis bonis aestim- 
atione facta cum dotibus communicant, Caes. ; 
4, to share something with one; curam doloris 
sui cum aliquo, Cic. 

1. communlo -ivi or -li -itum, 4. to fort 'fy 
thoroughly on all sides; castella, Caes.; transf., 
to fortify, strengthen; causam testimoniis, Cic, 

2. oommunio -onis, f. (communis), com- 
munion, mutual participation; inter quos est 
communiu legis, inter cos communio juris est, 

communis -e (old form commoinis, from 
com and root MOIN, MUN, whence moenia, 
inunus). A. common, general, universal, ordinary, 
•usual, i>ublic(opp.\-)TO\mus = individuat, private); 
loca, public places, Cic ; loci, philosophical or 
rhetorical commonplaces, Cic. ; With genit., com- 
munis hominuiu inflrmitas, Cic; with dat., mors 
omni aetati est communis, Cic. ; with cum and 
the abl., quocum fuit et doim-s et militia com- 
munis Cic; with inter se, muUasuntcivibus in- 
ter se communis, Cic. ; subst., commune -is, 
n., 1, the common property of a corporation ; quod 
jus statues communi dividundo, Cic. ; 2, state, 
commonwealth; Siciliae, Cic. ; in commune, adv.. 
a, for tlie public good, for common use; in com- 
mune coiiferre, Cic ; b, Cm general, Tac B. 
Transf., of persons, affable, condescending ; Cyrum 
miuorem communem erga Lysandrum atque 
humanum fuisse, Cic 

communltas -atis, f. (communis). I. com- 
munity, fellowship; nulla cum deo homini com- 
munitas, Cic. II. Transf., a, the desire for 
human society, Cic. ; b, condescension, affability, 

communiter, adv. (communis), in common 
with others, jointly, generally, Cic. 

commurmuror, 1., dep. to mutter, mur- 
mur ; ut scriba secuin ipse coinmui luuratus sit, 

commutabllis, -e (commuto), changeable; 
a, vitac ratio, Cic; b, rhet. t. t., exordium, 
such as could be easily adapted to a speech on the 
other side of the question, Cic 

commutatlo -onis, f. (commuto), a change, 
alteration; temporum, Cic, aestuuin, Caes. 

commutatus -us, in., a change, alteration, 

commuto, 1. A. to change, alter entirely; 
ctirauiu, Cic; iter, Caes.; temporal in lioras 
coiiuiiutantur, Cic; reipublieao statum, Cic; 
coiisiliimi, Caes.; seiitentiam, Cic; nihil com- 
mutari ammo, Cic. B. to exchange, change some- 
thing for something else; gloriam constantiae CUM 
carrtate vitae, Cic; (Idem suam ct religionem 
pecunia, to barter, Cic. 

como, cotnpai, comptum, S, (contr. from 
coemo), to place together. I. (Jen., Lncr. II. 
to place together in order, to arrange, adorn, 
•jspecially of the \v,"\ to comb, plait, adorn; 

capillos, Cic. ; tongas compta puclla comas, Ov.; 
praccincti recto pueri comptiquo, Hor. 

comocdia -ac, f. (Ku>fiwSia), a comedy, Cic. 

comoedus -a -um (/cwn<p<5os), relating to « 
comedy, comic; natio, Juv. ' Subst., coinoe- 
dus -i, m. a comic actor, Cic. 

comosus -a -um (coma), hairy, Phaedr. 

COmpaciscor(conipeciseor),-pactus, or-pec- 
tus, -pacisci 3., dep. to conclude an agreement, 
make a compact with any one, Plant. 

compactlo -onis, f. (compingo), a putting 
or joining together ; membrorum, Cic 

compactum -1, n. (compacisoor), a, compact, 
agreement; compacto, Cic, de compacto, Plant., 
ex compacto, Suet., according to agreement. 

compactus -a -um, p. adj. (from compingo), 
thick-set, compressed, compact, Plin. 

compages -is, f. (compingo). I. a joining 
together, connexion; lapidum, Ov. ; quae (navis) 
per se ipsa omnibus compagibus aquam aceip- 
eret, Liv. II. Transf., dum sumus in his 
inclusi compagibus corporis, bodily structure, 

compago -inis, f. — compages (q. v.). 

COmpar-paris,nA'e, similar; postulatioLatin- 
orum, Liv.; with dat., milites inilitibus com- 
pares, Liv. Subst., compar -pans, c a com- 
panion, equal, consort, spouse, Hor. 

comparabllis -e (2. compare), capable of 
comparison, comparable; comparabile est, quod 
in rebus diversis similem aliquam rationem con- 
tinct, Cic 

comparate, adv. (2. comparo), in compa- 
rison, by comparison, Cic. 

1. comparatio -onis, f. (1. comparo), a 
preparing, preparation ; novi belli, Cic. ; veneni, 
Liv. ; criminis, evidence necessary for an accusa- 
lion, Cic. 

2. compiSratio -5nis, f. (2. comparo). A. 
a comparing, comparison; orationis suae cum 
scriptis alienis, Cic ; utilitatum, Cic. ; compar- 
atio quibus plurimum sit tribuendum, Cic. B. 
In rhet., comparatio criminis, the set-off of a good 
motive against a crime, Cic 

COmparatlVUS -a -um (2. comparo), relating 
to comparison, containing a comparison, compa- 
rative; judicatio, Cic. 

comparco (comperco) -parsi, -parsum, 3. 
to scrape together, to save up, Ter. 

compareo -parui, 2, 1, to appear, be visible; 
cum subito sole obscunato nun comparuisset 
(Romulus), Cic. ; 2, to be present, be in existence; 
signa et dona comparere omnia, Cic. 

1. comparo, 1. A. to prepare, get ready, 
provide, furnish; convivium maguifice et ornate, 
Cic. ; se, to make oneself ready, Cic ; insidias 
alien i, Cic; classem, Cic. ; exercitum, Cic. ; rem 
frumentariam, Caes. ; animum auditoris idoncc 
ad reliquiiui dictionem, Cic ; alicui a civitatibus 
laudationes per vim et nntuni, Cic; bellum 
adversua aliquem, Caes. B. to arrange, settle, 
dispose; 1, of character, sic fuimus semper 
comparat i ut, etc., Cic; 2, of institutions, jura 
praeclaia atquc divinitus a noslris majoiibus 
comparata, Cic 

2. comparo, l. (compar). I. Lit., a, to 
form into pairs, to unite in jiairs, Cic; labellu, 
labellis, riant. ; b, to bring together for a canted, 
to match; comparari cum Aeserniuo Samnite, 
cum patrono disertissimo, Cic. II. Transf., a, 
to compare; et se mill! comparat Ajax? Ov. ; 
homo similitudines comparat. Cic. ; Attico Ly- 
sia': Catonem nostrum, Cic ; lueui'n factum cum 
tuo comparo, Cic ; b, comparare provincias 
inter t>c t or compsrare proviucias, or simply 




comparare inter se (of magistrates), to come to 
an agreement as to their several duties, Liv. 

compasco -pavi -pastura, 3. to feed or graze 
togetlw ; si compascuus ager est, jus est cora- 
pascere, Cie. 

compascuus -a -urn, relating to common 
pasturage; ager, pasturage held in common, Cic. 

compedlo, 4. (compes), to fetter, Plaut. 

compellatlo -onis, f. (2. compello), anaccosl- 
ing, rtouking, reprimanding ; crebrae vel potius 
quotidianae compellationes, Cic. 

1. compello -pfili -pulsum, 3. I. to drive to 
one place, collect ; pecus totius provinciae, Cic. 
II. to drive, force. A. Lit., consules e foro in 
curiam, Liv.; naves in portum, Caes.; Romauos 
in castra, Liv.; omne Auruucum bellum Poruet- 
iam compulsum est, confined to, Liv. B. Transf., 
to force or impel a person to an action, to com- 
pel; aliquem ad bellum, Ov. ; in eundem metum, 
Liv. ; in lmnc sensum et allici beneticiis hom- 
inum et compelli injuriis, Cic. 

2. compello, 1. (intens. of 1. compello). I. 
Gen., to address, accost, call by name; aliquem 
voce, Verg. II. A. to address with blame and 
reproach, chide, rebuke; aliquem edicto, Cic. 
B. Legal t. t. ( to accuse before a court of justice ; 
judicem, Cic. 

compendiarius -a -urn (compendium), 
short; via, Cic. 

compendium -ii, n. (com and pendo, to weigh 
together). A. saving, parsimony, and hence, 
grain, profit, advantage (opp. dispendium) ; pri- 
vato compendio servire, Caes. ; in re uberrima 
turpe compendium effugere, Cic. B. a short 
way, a short cut; per compendia maris assequi 
aliquem, Tac. 

compensatlo -onis, f. (compenso), a balanc- 
ing of an account, compensation ; iucommoda 
commodorum compensatione leuiant, Cic. 

compenso, 1. to weigh together, to reckon one 
thing against another, to balance; laetitiam cum 
doloribus, Cic. ; summi labores uostri magna 
compeusati gloria, Cic. 

comperendinatio -onis, f. (comperendino), 
a putting off a trial to the third day, Tac. 

compe'rendinatus -us, m. = compereu- 
dinatio (q.v.). 

comperendino, 1. (com and perendinus), 
to remand to the third day; reum, Cic; 
absol., ut ante primos ludos, comperendiuem, 

comperio -peri -pertum, 4. (com and root 
PER, whence peritus, periculum, and reperio, 
experior), to find out, discover, gain certain infor- 
mation of; haec certis nuntiis, certis auctoribus 
comperisse, Cic; partic perf., certain, un- 
doubted ; levem auditionem pro re comperta 
habere, for a certainty, Caes. ; ea diciinus quae 
comperta habemns, quae vidimus, Cic. ; com- 
: rtitm narrarc, Sail.; with ace. and inlin., 
potsteaquain comperit emu posse vivere, Cic. ; 
abl. absol., coiuperto, it having been discovered 
for certain ; satis comperto Eordaeam petituros 
Romanos, Liv.; with de and the abl., nihil de 
hoc comperi, Cic. ; partic. perf., compertus (of 
pel sons), convicted; probri, Liv. 

comperior — comperio. 

compes -pedis, f. a fetter or fool shackle, gen. 
found iu the plur, Plaut; transf., qui in coni- 
pedibus corporis semper fueruut, Cic. ; Telephum 
tenet puella grata compede vinctum, Hor. 

compesco -pescui, 3. (connected with com- 
pes, compedio), to hold in, restrain, check, curb; 
equum angustia habenis, Tib. ; seditionem exerc- 
itus verbo uno, Tac. ; clamorem, Hor. ; ruiuos, 

competitor -oris, in. a competitor, Cic. 

competitrix -icis, f. (competitor), a female 
competitor, Cic. 

competo -pfitivi aud -petti -petitum 3. to, 
come together, to meet. A. Lit.,Varr. B. Transf., 

1, to agree, coincide in point of time; tempora cum 
Othonis exitu competisse, Tac. ; 2, to be equal 
to, capable of; ut vix ad anna capienda aptaml- 
aque pugnae competcret animus, Liv. ; ncque 
oculis neque auribus satis competebant, Tac. 

compilatio -onis, f. (compilo), a pillaging, 
hence (contemptuously), a compilation ; Chresti, 

compilo, l.(com and pilo = <J/iAo<o), to plunder, 
rob ; faua, Cic. ; tig., ab ipsis capsis juris, cou- 
sultorum sapientiam, Cic. 

complngo -pegi -pactum, 3. (com aud paugo). 
A. to put together, construct; part, perf., coni- 
pactus, constructed, Cic, Verg. B. to confine, 
hide, conceal; sein Apuliam, Cic. ; fig., in judicia 
et contiuuculas tamquam iu aliquod pistiinum 
detrudi et compingi, Cic. 

CompitallClUS -a -uiu (compitalis), relat- 
ing to the Compitalia ; dies, Cic ; ludi, Cic. 

compitalis -e (compitum), relating or be- 
longing to cross roads; Lares, the deities who 
presided over cross roads, Suet. Subst. , Com- 
pitalia -ium, n. the festival in honour of these 
deities, celebrated on the cross roads on a day ap- 
pointed by the praetor, shortly after the Satur- 
nalia, Cic. 

compitum -i, n. (competo), a place where 
two or more roads meet, a cross road, Cic. 

complaceo -cut or -citus sum, 2. 1, to please 
several persons at once, Ter. ; 2, to please exceed- 
ingly, Plaut. 

complano, 1. to level; domum, to rate, Cic 

complector -plexus -plecti, 3. dep. (com and 
plecto). I. Lit. , 1, to embrace, encircle, surround, 
encompass; aliquem medium, Liv. ; aliquem art- 
ius, Cic; me artior somnus complexus est, Cic; 

2, to enclose, surround; collem opere, Caes.; au- 
imum mundi caelo, Cic II. Transf., l,.to hold 
fast, master; quam (facultatem) quoniam com- 
plexus es, tene, Cic. ; 2, to attach oneself to, es- 
teem; quos fortuna complexa est, the favourites of 
fortune, Cic. ; aliquem summabenevolentia, Cic ; 

3, of the mind, to embrace, grasp, comprehend ; 
omnia una comprehensione, Cic. ; 4. to unite in 
oneself or itself; oranes omnium caritates patria 
una complexa est, Cic. 

complementum -i, n. (compleo), that 
which completes or fills up, a complement ; inania 
quaedam verba quasi complements numerorum, 

compleo -plevi -pletum, 2. to fill up. T. 
Lit., 1, fossas sarmentis et virgultis, Caes.; 
paginam, Cic. ; multo cibo et potionc completi, 
Cic. ; with genit., convivium vicinorum %iotidie 
compleo, Cic; 2, niilit. t. t., to complete the 
number of tm tirnny, fleet, etc. ; classem Roman- 
am sociis navalibus, Liv. ; 3, to fill a space 
with light, smell, shout, clamour, etc. ; omnia 
olainoribus, Liv. ; sol cuueta sua luce lustrat 
ct coinplet, Cic. II. Transf., 1, civitatem 
suinnia spc et voluutate, Caes.; 2, to fulfil; 
fata sua, Ov. ; centum ct septem auuos com- 
plcssc, Cic; 3, of a suui, to make up; uequo 
est adhue ea summa (imperati suuiptus) eoni- 
plela, Cic; 4, to complete, finish; his rebus 
coniplotis, Caes. 

completus -a -urn, p. adj. (from compleo), 
perfect, complete ; completus et perfectus verb- 
orum ambitus, Cic. 

coruplexlo -onis, f. (complector), 1, con- 
nexion, combination; complexiones atoworum 




inter se, Cic. ; 2, of discourse, a, brevis totius 
Jiegotii, a short summary of the whole matter, 
Cic. ; b, verboruni, or absol., a period, Cic. ; c, 
in logic, the conclusion of a syllogism, Cic. ; d, 
a dilemma, Cic. 

complexus -us, in. (complector). A. a, 
an embrace; aliquein de coinplexu inatris avell- 
(.lc, Cic. ; currere ad alicuius complexion, Cic; 
meton., a loved object ; de complexu eius ac simi, 
from his favourites and bosom friends, Cic. ; b, 
combat; complexmn armorum vitare, Tac; c, 
surrounding, encompassing; qui (mundus) om- 
nia coinplexu suo coercet et continct, Cic. B. 
Transf., love for; coiuplexus totius geutis htl- 
manae, Cic. 

complico -iivi -Stum (-fli -ituin), 1. to Jold 
together, fold up. I. Lit., epistolam, Cic. II. 
Transf., coinplieata notio, confused, intricate, Cic. 

comploratio -onis, f. (comploto), a lamen- 
tation, a weeping and bewailing; mulievum com- 
ploratio sui patriaeque, Liv. 

comploratus -fls, m. = comploratio (q.v.). 

comploro, 1. to bewail or weep, to lament 
loudly and violently ; mortem, Cic. ; desperata 
complorataque res est publica, Liv. 

complures, ueut. coraplura.and (rarely) 
compluria -ium, n. very many, Cic. Subst., 
several; complures ex iis, Caes. 

compluriens (compluries), adv. (com- 
plures), muny times, frequently, Plaut. 

complusculi -ae, -a (complures), a yood 
many, Plaut. 

compiuvium -ii, n. (compluo. io flow to- 
gether), the quadrangular roofless space in the 
centre of a Roman house, through which the water 
•.dlected on the roofs found its u-ay ta the impluvinm 
below, Varr. 

compono -pdsiU •pSsItinn, 3. to put, place, 
lay, bring together. I. Gen., 1, in quo (loco) erant 
ea compositi, quibns rex te iimiierare constitu- 
ent, Cic. ; manibus maims atque oribus orn, 
Vcrg. ; 2, a, to place together as opponents, Cic. ; 
pergis pugnantia sccum pontibns adversis com- 
ponere, Ilor. ; b, to compare; dignitati alicuius 
suam, Cic. II. Esp. A. to collect together a ivhole 
from several parts, compose; exercitus eius com- 
positus ex variis gentibus, Sail.; venena, Ov. ; 
aggerem tumuli, Verg. ; of writers, to compose; 
volumeu de tuenda sanitate, Cic. ; oratio ad 
eonciliandos plebis animos coniposita, Liv. B. 
1, to compose, settle, arrange; anna, Ilor. ; opes, 
Verg. ; cineroin, the a-ihes of the dead, Ov. ; se 
thalan i > erg. ; 2, '" quiet, settle, reconcile ; 
co'ntroversias reguui, Caes. : Armeniaiu, Tac. ; 
amicus aversos, Hor. C. to place in a certain 
order, arrange; 1 sidera, Cic ; classiarios in 
numeros legionis, Tac. ; 2, rhet. t. t., to arrange 
words in their order; verba componere et quasi 
coagmentare, Cic. D. 1, to arrange, smooth; 
comas, Ov. ; composito et delibnto capillo, Cic. ; 
tngam, .Uor. ; vultum, Tac; 2, a, to dispose, 
settle in a. particular way; itinera sic ut, etc., 
Cic ; auspicia ad utilitatem reipublicae coni- 
posita, Cic. ; diem rei gerendae, Liv. ; ex com- 
posito, as we agreed, Liv.; b, to invent, feign; 
crimen et dolum, Tac 

coraporto, 1. to carry, bring together, collect; 
I m • nfuraabAsia, Caes.; armain templtim.Cie. 

compos -potis (com and potis), having the 
mastery or control of, possessed of, sharing in ; 
animi.Ter. ; mentis, in. full possession of mental 
faculties, Cic ; voti, one whose wish is fulfilled, 
Hor., Liv. ; sciential compotem esse, to be abTe 
to know ' something^.Cic. ; r*tionis et consilii 
compos, Cic. ; qui me huius urbis cornpotem 
fecerunt, er.ablid, rtzinot in, this cizy, Cic. ; turn 
patriae compotem me numquam sirjs esse, Liv. 

composite, adv. (compositus), 1, in an 
orderly manner, in good order; composite et apto 
diccre, Cic ; 2, quietly, Tac. 

compositio -onis, f. (compono). a putting 
together. I, Gen., a matching; gladiatorutn 
compositiones, Cic. II. Esp. 1, a composing; 

a, unguentorum, Cic ; b, of a book, juris ponti- 
licalis, Cic. ; 2, a .settlement of differences;, pads, 
concordiae, compositions auctor esse iion des- 
titi, Cic. ; 3, arrangement. ; a, menibrorum, Cic; 

b, anni, of the calendar, Cic. ; c, rhet. t. t., the 
proper arrangement of words ; compositio apta, 

compositor -oris, m. (compono), an ar- 
ranger, adjuster, Cic 

compositura -ae, f. (compono), a connexion, 
joining, a joint, Lucr. 

compositus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. 
and super!, (compono), placed together; 1, com- 
posed, quieted; composito vultu, Tac; 2, well 
arranged; composito agmine legiones ducere, 
Tac. ; so of oiatory, oratio, Cic ; and of the orator 
himself, orator, Cic. ; 3, peacefully governed, 
settled; respublica, Cic. ; hence subst., compo- 
Sita, -orum, n. the orderly condition of a state, 
Sail. ; 4, a, prepared; ut nemo unqu3in com- 
positior ad judicium venisse videatur, Cic. ; 
D, feigned, pretended, studied; indignatio, Tac- 

CompotatlO -6nis, f. adrinking party (trans- 
lation of o-vfi-nocnov), Cic. 

compotio, 4. (compos), to make partaker of, 
Plaut. ; passive, to become partaker of, Plaut. 

compotor -oris, in. a. drinking companion, 

compotrix -icis, f. (compotor), a female 
drinking companion, Ter. 

compransor -oris, m. a dinner companion, 
boon companion, Cic. 

comprecatio -onis, f. (eomprecor), suppli- 
cation of a deity; haec sollemnis deorum com- 
precatio, Liv. 

comprecor, L, dep. to pray to, supplicate; 
caelestum fidem, Cat. ; Cytherea, comprecoc, 
ausis assit, Ov. 

comprehendo (comprendo) -prebendi 
(-prendi) -prehensuni (-prensum), 3. to seize, lay 
hold of. A. Lit, 1, quid o]>us est manibus si 
nihil comprehendendum est? Cic. ; igneni, to 
catch fire, Verg. ; ignis robora comprendit, seizes 
on, Verg. ; avidis comprenditur ignibus agger, 
Ov. ; without igne, comprehensa aedificia, Liv. ; 
2, as a suppliant, to seize a 2icrson's hand; coin- 
prehendunt utrumque et orant, Caus. ; 3, to at- 
tack, lay hold of in a hostile manner, seize, cap- 
ture; a, persons, tarn capitaleni hostein, Cic; 
aliquem vivum in fuga, Caes.; aliquein in furto, 
Cic. ; b, animals, etc., to seize, carry off; redas 
equosque, Caes. ; c, to seize a place; aliis com- 
prehensis collibus, Caes. ; 4, to discover or reveal 
acrime; nefandumadulteriuin, Cic. B. Transf., 
1, to embrace; multos ainicitia, Cic ; 2, to com- 
prise, include; quae omnia una cum deorum 
notione comprehendiinus, Cic. ; 8, to relate, ex- 
press, tell in words or writing; breviter com- 
prehensa sententia, Cic ; ne plura consecter, 
compvehendam brevi, Cic ; 4, aliouid numero, 
to count, express in numbers, Verg. ; 5, to com- 
prehend, perceive; sensu or seniibus, Cic; 
animo intelligentiam alicuius rei, Cic. ; intel- 
ligere et cogitatione comprebendere qualis sit 
auimus, Cic. ; esse aliquid.'quod compreher.di et 
percipi posset, Cic. 

comprehension's -e (comprehendo), that 
which can be comprehended, comprehensible; Da- 
tura non comprehensibilis, Cic 

comprehenslo -Jnii, f. (co~pretic2do), 4 
seising with the hands, laying holaof. A. Lit^ 




1, Cic. ; 2, a hostile seizing, apprehending ; son- 
tiuiii, Cic. B. Transf., 1, a perceiving, compre- 
hending, comprehension ; complecti omnia una 
coiupreheiisione, Cic; 2, a period, sentence; 
verba couiprchensioiio devmcire, Cic. 

comprendo = comprehendo (q.v.). 

compresse, adv. (compressus), briefly, con- 
cisely, succinctly, Cic. ; comprcssius loqui, Cic. 

compressio -olds, f. (comprimo), compres- 
sion of style, conciseness ; compressioue reruni 
"breves, Cic. 

l. compressus -a-uui, partic. of comprimo. 

•_'. compressus, abl. -u, m. (comprimo), a 
pressing together, pressure, embrace, Cic. 

comprimo -pressi -pressum. 3. (com and 
piemo), to press, squeeze together, compress. A. 
Lit, 1, quum digitos compresserat et pugiium 
fecerat, Cic. ; prov., compressis mauibus sedeie, 
to sit with folded hands, idle, Liv. ; 2, to press to- 
gether, make closer or tighter; ordines, to close the 
ranks, Liv. B. Trausf., 1, to hold back; a, 
frumentuin, to keep in the garner, not to sell, 
Cic. ; b, to suppress; delicta magna, Cic. ; 2, to 
check ; plausus ipse admiratione compressus est, 
Cic; gressum, Verg. ; 3, to crush, subdue; 
furentis homiuis conatuuj atque audaciam, Cic. ; 
seditionem, Liv. 

comprobatio -onis, f. (comprobo), approval, 

comprobator -oris, m. (comprobo), one who 
approves, Cic. . 

comprobo, 1., 1, to approve fully; oratiouem 
omnium assensu, Liv. ; istam tuam seutentiam 
laudo veheinentissimeque comprobo, Cic. ; 2, to 
confirm, prove, establish; patns dictum sapiens 
temeritas hlii comprobavit, Cic. 

compromissum -i, n. (compromitto), a 
mutual agreement to abide by the decision of an 
arbitrator; deliac pecunia compromissum facere, 

compromitto -inisi -missum, 3. to agree to 
refer a cause to arbitration, Cic. 

Compsa -ae, f. town, of the Hirpini in, Sam- 
ni am (now Coma) ; hence, Compsanus-a -urn, 
(/ or belonging to Compsa. 

1. comptus -a -uni, p. adj. with compar. 
and superl. (from coino), ornamented, adorned; 
oratio, Cic. 

. 2. comptus -us, m. (como). I. a head-dress, 
Lt.icr. II. a band, tie, Lucr. 

compungo -jmnxi -punctum, 3. to prick, 
puncture on all sides. I. Phaedr. ; fig., ipsi se 
compungunt suis acuminibus, Cic. II. to mark; 

computo, 1. to reckon together, calculate, com- 
pute ; rationem digitis, Plaut. ; facies tua goiu- 
putat annos, shows thy age, Juv. ; absol., com- 
putarat, pecuniam impetrarat, Cic. 

computresco -putrui, 3. to putrefy, Lucr. 

Comum -i, n. (K&futv), a town in Cisalpine 
Gaul, now Como. Adj., Comensis -c, of or be- 
longing to Comum. 

con = com (q.v.). 

cenamen -minis, n. (conor), an effort, en- 
deavour, Lucr., Ov. 

conatum -i, n. (conor), an undertaking ; gen. 
in plur., conata efficere, Cic 

conatus -Us, m. (conor), a, an attempt, 
effort, undertaking; hoc conatu desistere, Cic. ; 
compressi tuoa nefarios conatus, Cic. ; b, troubU, 
difficulty, effort; tumultus Gallicus baud magno 
conatu brevi oppressus est, Liv. ; c. impulse, 
iiuMruuian; ut (beluae) .eocatu:n habertnt ad 
adturalfcs pastm, capessendoi, Cic. 

concaco, 1. to drjile all over, Phaedr. 

concaedes -lum, f. a barricade if trees, Tac. 

concalefacio (coucalfacfo) -feci -factum, 
3., and pass, concalcfio (coucalfio), -factus 
sum, to warm thoroughly ; bracllium, Cic. 

concaleo, 2. to be warm through ami through, 

concalesco -calui (inchoat. of concaleo), 3. 
A. Lit., to become thoroughly wa.rm; corpora 
nostra ardore animi concalescunt, Cic: B. 
Transf., to glow with love, Tur. 

concallesco -callui, 3. a, to become .^prac- 
tised ; tamquam manus operu, sic animus usu 
concalluit, Cic. ; b, to become callous or without 
feeling, Cic. 

Concani -orum, in. <sing., Conoanus, 
Hor.), a savage tribe in S}xiin, who drank horses' 

concastigo, 1. to punish, chastise severely, 

concavo, 1. (concavus), to hollow out, make 
hollow or concave; brachia geminos in artus, 
curves, bends, Ov. 

concavus -a -urn, hollow, vaulted, arched, 
concave; cymbala, Lucr. ; altitudines spelunc 
arum, Cic; aqua, welling up, Ov. 

concedo -cessi -cessuin, 3. to go away, de- 
part, retire, withdraw. I. Lit., superis ab oris, 
Verg. ; ab alicuius oculis aliquo, Cic. ; cum cou- 
jugibus ac liberis in arcem Capitoliumque, Liv.; 
docet uude fulmen veuerit, quo concesserit, Cic; 
coucedere vita, to die, Tac; so absol., quando 
concessero, Tac. II. Transf., 1, to cease; tumor 
omnia et irae concessere deum, Verg. ; 2, a, to 
submit; iu alicuius ditionem, Liv.; b, to pass 
over to some one's side or party or view; in At- 
tali seutentiam, Liv.; 3, to yield; a, intrausit, 
(a) voluptas concedit dignitati, Cic. ; coucedere 
naturae, to die a natmxU death. Sail. ; (fi) to give 
in to; alicuius postulationi, Cic. ; (y) to pardon ; 
alienis peccatis, Cic; b, transit., (a). to yield', 
give up; alicui libertatem in aliqua re, Cic; 
concedant, ut hi viri boni fuerint, let them ad- 
mit, Cic. ; alicui primas in diceudo partes, Cic. ; 
(|3) reipublicie dolorem atquc amicitias suas, 
sacrifice, Cic. 

coucelebr o, 1. I. Lit. , to visit a place often, 
or ui large companies, Lucr, II. Transf., A. Of 
any occupation, to pursue eagerly, assiduously; 
studia per otium, Cic. B. to celebrate a festivity; 
diem natalem, Plaut. ; spectaculum, Liv. C. 
to pmise, extol; fama et litteris eius diei victo- 
riain, Cic 

ConcenatlO -onis, f. (conceuo), a supping to- 
gether (translation of Gr. anivSemyov), Cic. 

concentio -onis, f. (concino), a singing to- 
getlter, harmony, Cic. 

concentus -us, m. (concino). A. a singing 
together, harmony; avium, Cic; tubarum ac 
cornuum, Liv. B. Transf., agreement, harmony 
of opinion, unity, concord; melior actionum quam 
sonoruni concentus, Cic. 

conceptio -6uis, f. (concipio). 1, a, con- 
ceplion, a becoming pregnant, Cic. ; 2, the draw- 
ing up of legal formulae, Cic. 

conceptus -us, in. (concipio), a conceiving, 
pregnancy, Cic. 

concerpo -cerpei -cerptum, 3. (com and 
carpo), to pull, pluck, tear in pieces. I. Lit., 
epiktolas, Cic. II. Transf., aliquem ferventis- 
bime, a p. Cic. 

concertatlo -onis, f. (concerto), • contest? 
strife; 1, magistratuuxr, Cic; 2, ' contest in 
vords, isrcngling, dispute; sine jejuna concern 
tatione verborum, Cic, : 




concertator -oris, m. (concerto), a rival, 

concertatorlus -a -um (concerto), relating 
to a contest in words; genus dieendi, Cic. 

concerto, 1. to strive eagerly; 1, proelio, 
Cic. ; 2, csp. of dispute in words, nuiiquam 
accidit ut cum eo verbo uno eoncertarcm, Cic. 

concessio -onis, f. (concedo), a yielding, 
granting; 1, agrorum, Cic; 2, rhet. t. t., an 
admission of a fault, Cic. 

concesso, 1. to cease, leave off, Plaut. 

concessus -us, m. (concedo), permission, 
leave; geu. iu abl., concessu omnium, Cic. 

concha -ae, f. ("coyx 1 !)- I. Lit., 1, a mussel, 
Cic. ; 2, a, mussel-shell, Cic. ; poet., pearl, 
conehae teretesquc lapilii, Ov. ; 3, the shell- 
Jish which, yielded the purple dye, Lucr.; poet., 
purple dye, Ov. II. Melon., a vessel in the 
shape of a shell; 1, concha salis puri, salt-cellar, 
Hor. ; funde capacious unguenta do conchis, 
Hor. ; 2, the horn of Triton, Ov. 

conoheus -a -um (concha), relating to a 
mussel-shell; bacca, a pearl, Verg. 

conchis -is, f. (koyx°0> a kind of bean boiled 
with, its pod, Juv. 

conchita -ae, m. (toyx'T), a mussel gatherer, 

conchy Hatus -a -um (couchylium), purple; 
peristromata, Cic. 

couchylium -li, n. (koyx^""^ a mussel, or 
gen. shell-jish. I. Gen., Cic. II. Esp., 1, an 
oyster, Cic. ; 2, the shell-fish which yielded a 
purple dye, Lucr.; meton.. a, purple dye ; vtstis 
conchylio tincta, Cic. ; D, a purple garment, 

1. concldo -Idi, 3. (com and cado), to fall 
down, tumble to the ground, sink down. A. Lit., 

1, of things, concidat caelum omne necesse 
est, Cic. ; repentina ruiua pars eius turris con- 
cidit, Cacs. ; 2, of the winds, to drop ; concidunt 
venti fuziuutque naves, Hor.; equus eius aute 
signuni Jovis Statoris siue causa concidit, Cic ; 
in battle, ita pugnans concidit, Caes. B. 
Transf., 1, to sink, perish, waste away; ueque 
euim tarn facile opes Carthaginis tantae eon- 
cidissent, Cic; turn ferocia omnis concidit, Liv. ; 

2, of persons, a, tobe ruined, overthrown, to fail; 
malas causas semper obtinuit, in optima con- 
cidit, Cic; at law, to lose; judicum vocibus 
fractus reus et una patroni omnes conciderunt, 
Cic. ; b, ne una plaga accepta patres conscripti 
conciderent, be disheartened, Cic. 

2. concido -cidi -cisum, 3. (com and caedo). 
I. to cut up, cut in pieces, cut down, strike to the 
ground. A. Lit., concisos equites nostros a bar- 
baris mintiabant, Cic. B. to overthrow, annihil- 
ate; Antonium decretis suis, Cic. II. A. to beat 
severely, cudgel; aliquein virgis, Cic. B. 1, a, 
to cut in pieces; nervos, Cic. ; b, to cut through ; 
inagllOB Hcrobibus montes, Verg. ; prdestria itin- 
era concisa aestuariis, Cic; 2, rhct. t. t., to 
divide tin) minutely, Cic. ; 3, logic, t. L, to ana- 
lyse, Cic. 

concico -civi -cltum, 2. and (iu prose gen.) 
concio -ivi -itum, 4. to stir up; 1, (Jen., a, to 
move violently; concita navis, Ov. ; concita tlu- 
mina, Ov. ; b, of iiicd, to summon, bring to- 
gether ; tot-am urbcin, Liv. ; excrcitutn ex lota 
insula, Liv. ; 2, to cicite, disturb ; a, concita 
frcta, Vcrg. ; b, of men, to rouse, stir up; 
plebeni c6ntionibus, Liv. ; immani coucitus ir.i, 
VVrg ; c, to produce, cause, promote; bellum in 
his pruvinciis, Liv. 

cr.ncillabulum -i, n. (concilio), a place of 
assembly, market place ; uuudinas et conciljabula 
obire, Liv. 

conciliatio -Onis, f. (concilio). I. a unit- 
ing, joining ; l f communem totius generis lium- 
iniini conciliatioiiein ct consociatioitein colere, 
Cic; 2, a, a uniting in opinion, conciliating ; 
aut conciliationis causa leniter ant pennotionis 
velieiiienter aguntur, Cic ; rhet. 1. 1, the gaining 
the favour of the audience, Cic. ; b, inclination; 
prima est euim conciliatio hominis ad ea, quae 
suut secundum naturam, Cic II. a procuring, 
acquiring; gratiae, Cic. 

conciliator -oris, iu. (concilio), one who 
prepares, procures; nuptiarum, a match-nuiker, 
Nep. ; proditionis, Liv. 

conciliatricula -ae, f. (dim. of concilia- 
trix), that which conciliates, Cic. 

conciliatrix -icis, f. (conciliator). I. one 
who unites, a match-maker, Cic. II. Transf., 
that which causes, promotes, brings about ; vis ora- 
tionis conciliatrix huiuaiiae societatis, Cic 

1. conciliatus -a -um, p. adj. with coin- 
par, and superl. (from concilio), 1, beloved by, 
Hamilcari conciliatus, Liv. ; 2, inclined to, ut 
judex ad rem accipiendain liat conciliatior, Cic. 

2. conciliatus, abl. -u, in. the union, con- 
nexion of atoms, Lucr. 

concilio, 1. (concilium), to bring together. 
I. to unite, connect. A. corpora, Luer. B. to 
unite in sentiment, win over; 1, gen., legiones 
sibi pecunia, Cic. ; aninios plebis, Liv. ; 2, to 
recommend, make acceptable; dictis artes coneil- 
iare suas, Ov. II. A. to procure, prepare, pro- 
vide, furnish; 1, geu., pecunias, Cic. ; 2, to 
bring together, unite; couciliari viro, Cat. B. to 
bring about, cause, procure; sibi amorein ab 
omnibus, Cic. ; nuptias, Nep. 

concilium -li, u. (com and cio = cieo). I. 
a union, connexion; reruni, Lucr. II. 1, a. 

coming together, assembling ; Caiuenaruln cum 
Egeria, Liv. ; 2, an assembly ; a, pastorum, Cic. ; 
deorum, Cic. ; b, an assembly for deliberation, a 
council; (a) outside Rome, Gallorum, Liv.; con- 
cilium Achaicum, the Achaean League, Liv. ; con- 
stituere diem concilio, Caes. ; cogere or convo- 
care coucilium, Caes.; aliquein adhibere ad con- 
cilium, Caes. ; (ft) in Rome, concilium sanctum 
patrum, Hor. ; concilium plebis habere, to hold 
a meeting of the comitia tributa, Liv. ; populi, of 
the comitia cenluriata, Liv. 

concinne, adv. with com par. (concinnus), 
elegantly, neatly, finely, tastefully ; rogare, Cic. ; 
distiibuere, to arrange a speech artistically, Cic. 

concinnltas -ittis, f. (concinnus), elegance 
and harmony of style; verburum or sententiar- 
um, Cic. 

concinnitudo -inis, f. = concinnitas (q.v.). 

concinno, 1. (concinnus). I. to put or Jit 
together carefully, to arrange; muuusculum ali- 
cui, ap. Cic. II. Transf., to produce, cause; 
amorein, Lucr. 

concinnus -a -um, well put together. I. 
phasing, that which pleases on account of harmony 
andproportion, elegant, neat. A. (Ion., satedepol 
conclunaest virgo facie, Plaut. ; tectorium, Cic; 
helluo, elegant, Cic B. Esp. of discourse, tune- 
ful, polished; oratio, Cic; concinnus et elegans 
Arisln, Cic. II. suited, Jit, appropriate, pleasing; 
concinnus amicis, Hor. 

concino -cTnui -ceiilum, 3. (com and cano), 
I. Intransit. A. Lit., tn sing in chorus, plan in- 
struments in concert; concinunt tubae, Liv. ; 
sic ad vada Maeandri concinit albus o!or, Ov. 
B. Transf., a, to join together in an utterance, to 
agree in saying ; ne juvet vox ista VETO, qua 
concineutes collegas auditis, Liv. ; b, to agree 
together, harmonise; cum Peripatetieis re con- 
ciuere, verbis discrepare, Cic. II. Transit. A,' 




LiU, haec quum coucinuutur, Cic. ; carmen ad 
clausas fores, Ov. B. Transf. to celebrate; 
laetos dies, Hor. C. to prophesy ; tristia oniina, 

1. ConoiO = concieo (q.v.). 

2. conclo -r.uis = contio (q.v.). 
concionabundus -a -um, v. contiona- 


conoionalis -e, v. contionalis. 

concionarius -a -um, v. contionarius. 

concionator, v. oontionator. 

concionor, v. contionor. 

conciplo -cEpi -ceptum, 3. (com and capio), 
to take together, hold together. I. Gen. A. Lit, 
to contain, hold; multum ignem trullis ferreis, 
Liv. B. Transf., of words, to express in a certain 
form; verba, jusjnranduin, Liv. ; quod EX ANI- 
JUI SENTENTIA juraris, sicnt concipitur more 
nostro, according to oiir customary form, Cic. ; 
conceptis verbis jurare, Cic. ; vadimonium, Cic; 
so, 1, to repeat words after another person, Qu. 
Marcio Philippo praeeunte in foro votum, Liv. ; 
pieces, Ov.; 2, to publish, conclude; foedus, Verg.; 
3, concipere sunmias, to give the totals, Liv. XL 
Esp. A. Lit. , 1, of fluids, to take in, draw in, suck ; 
concipit Iris aquas, Ov. ; terra caducas concepit 
lacrimas, Ov. ; 2, of fire, to catch fire ; materies, 
quae nisi admoto igni ignem concipere possit, 
Cic. ; tig., of love, quern mens mea concipit 
ignem, Ov. ; 3, of air, to draw in; pars(animae) 
concipitur cordis parte quadain, quern ventricul- 
um cordis appellant, Cic. ; 4, to conceive; quinn 
concepit inula, Cic. ; tig., hoc quod conceptum 
respublioa periculum parturit, Cic. ; 5, of phy- 
sical qualities, to take, gain; alias aliasque vires, 
Ov. B. Transf., 1, to receive, incur, commit; 
dedecus, Cic. ; sceliis, perpetrate, Cic. ; 2, to 
feel ; iram iutimo aninio et corde, Cic. ; spem 
regni, Liv. ; 3, to fancy, imagine; quid minim si 
in auspiciis imbecilli aniini superstitiosa ista 
conci piant, Cic. ; 4, to comprehend, grasp ;reruin 
omnium quasi adumbrates intelligentias aninio 
sc meute c, Cic. 

concise, adv. (concisus), in detached or 
minute portions; hence, concisely, Quint. 

concislo -onis, f. (2. concido), rhet. t. t., 
the breaking up of a clause into divisions, Cic. 

oonclsus -a -um, p. adj. (from 2. concido), 
divided into short sentences, brief, concise; sen-, 
tentiae, Cic. 

concitatio -onis, f. (concito), 1, quick move- 
ment; remorum, Liv. ; 2, tumult, sedition; 
plebi contra patres concitatio et seditio, Cic. ; 
3, disturbance of the mind, passion; ab onini 
concitatione auimi semper vacare, Cic. 

concitator -oris, m. (concito), one ivho ex- 
cites, stirs up; seditionis, Cic. 

concitatus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (from concito), 1, quick, rapid ; conversio 
caeli, Cic. ; qnain concifatissimos equos immitt- 
ere, spur the lutrses to a full gallop, Liv. ; conci- 
tatior clamor, louder, Liv. ; 2, excited, violent, 
passionate, contio, Cic. 

concito, 1. (freq. of concieo). I. 1, to move 
quickly, violently, stir up, excite; equum calcari- 
bus, to spur to o gallop, Liv. ; naveni remis, 
Liv. ; Eurus concitat aquas, Ov. ; esp. to sum- 
mon by the voice; servos ex omnibus vicis, Cic. ; 
concitare aciein, to move forward the army, 
Liv. ; se concitare in hostein, to rush against 
the enemy, Liv.; 2, to stir up, incite, impel; 
Etruriam omnem adversus Romanos, Liv. ; 
omnem Galliam ad suum auxilium, Caes. ; ani- 
mi quodain impetu concitatus, Cic. II. to 
cause, produce; seditioTiem ac discordiam, Cic; 
invidiam in aliquem, Cic , 

concitor -oris, m. (concieo), one who excite), 
stirs up; belli, vulgi, Liv. 
oonciuncula -ae = contiuncula (q.v.). 

conclamatio -onis, f. (conclamo), an excla- 
mation, shouting together; universi exarcitua, 

conclamito, 1. (intens. of conclamo), to 
shout loudly, cry violently, Plaut 

conclamo, 1. 1, to shout wgetlter, in com- 
pany ;ad arma, to call to arms, :*?. ; vasa, to give 
the signal for packing up baggage before a march, 
Caes. ; with ace and infin., vos universi una 
mente atque voce iteruin a me conaervatam esse 
rempublicam conclainastis, Cic. ; with ut and 
the sub), to demand loudly; conclamaverunt, uti 
aliqui exnostris ad colloquium prodirent, Caes; 
with indirect question, conclainavit, quid ad se 
venirent, Caes. ; esp. a, of a shout of joy; ad 
quorum casum quum conclamasset gaudio Al- 
banus exercitus, Liv. ; with ace, couclamare 
victoriam, Caes.; b, of a cry of grief, aliquem 
couclamare, to bewail the death of some one, Yerg. ; 
2, to call together; couclamare socios, Ov. 

conclave -is, n. (coin and clavis), a rooi/i, 
chamber, a dining-room, a bedroom, Cic. 

conclude -cliisi -clusum, 3. (com and eludn 
= claudo). A. Lit. to shut up, inclose, confine- 
bestias delectationis causa, Cic. ; mare concln 
um, an inland sea, Caes. B. Transf., 1, to in- 
clude, compress, confine; aliquem in angustis- 
simam formulam sponsionis concludere, Cic. ; 
quartus dies hoc libro concluditur, is comprised, 
Cic ; 2, to bring to an end; epistolum, Cic. ; 
perorationem inflamniantem restinguentemve 
concludere, Cic. ; 3, rhet. to close rhythmically, 
to round, off in a period; sententias, Cic. ; 4, 
philosoph. t. t. to bring to a conclusion, to argue, 
infer; deinde concludebas sumnium malum esse 
dolorein, Cic; absol., argumenta ratione. con- 
cludentia, reasonable, logical proofs, Cic. 

concluse, adv. (conclusus, from coucludo), 
with well-turned periods; concluse apteque dic- 
ere, Cic. 

conclusio -onis. f. (coucludo). A. Lit. a 
shutting, closing, and in military language, a 
blockade, Caes. B. Transf. a close, conclusion; 
a, conclusio muneris ac negotii tui, Cic. ; b, 
rhet. t. t., conclusion of a speech, peroration; 
conclusio est exitus et determinatio totius ora- 
tionis, Cic; c, a period; verboruin quaedam 
ad nunierum conclusio, Cic; d, phuosoph. t. t. 
conclusion in a syllogism, consequence; rationis, 

conclusiuncula -ae, f. (dim. of conclusio), 
a foolish inference, paltry conclusion ; contortulae 
quaedam et minutulae conclusiunculae, Cic. 

conooenatio -onis, f., v. concenatio. 

concolor -oris, similar in colour; humerus, 
Ov. ; with dat., concolor est illis, Ov. 

concoquo -coxi -coctuin, 3. L Lit to boil 
together, Lucr. II. to digest.- A. Lit., cibuin, 
Cic. B. Transf., a, tobear, endure, stomach; ut 
eius ista odia non sorl>eain solum sed etiam 
concoquam, Cic ; aliquem senatorem (as senator) 
non concoquere, Liv. ; b, to consider maturely, 
deliberate upon; tibi diu concoquendum est 
utrum, etc, Cic ; clandestina concocta sunt 
consilia, have been concocted, Liv. 

1. concordla -ae, f. (concors), agreement, 
union, harmony, concord, friendship, sympathy. 
I. Lit., concordiam reconciliare, Liv.; concordi- 
am conflrmare cum aliqno, Cic ; concordiam 
conglutinare, Cic; concordiam constituere, Cic ; 
meton., et cum Pirithoo felix concordia Theseus, 
wie heart and mind, Ov. II. Transf., harmony, 
sympathy ; concordia discors, Ov. 

2. Concordia -ae, f. the goddess Concord, to 




whom several temples in Rome were dedicated, 
in one of which the senate frequently held its 
sittings, Cic 

concord iter, adv., with compar. and 
snperl. (eoncors), harmoniously, with concord, 
amicably ; concordissime vivere cumnliqiio, Cic. 

concordo, 1. (eoncors), to agree, he in 
union; quum animi judicia opinioneaque con- 
cordant; with dat., concordant carmina nervis, 

eoncors -dis, adj. with compar. and snperl. 
(com and cor), oj one mind or opinion, con- 
conlant, agreeing, .harmonious ; 'tratrei concord- 
Issiini, Cic; Concordes animae, Verg. ; of inani- 
mate' objects, moderatus et cohcoi-s eivitatis 
status, Cic. 

concrebresco -briii, 3. to increase, Verg. 

concredo -didi -ditiun, 3. to intrust, commit 
to; rem et famam suain coinmendare et concred- 
ere alicui, Cic. 

concremo, 1. to bury, up, burn entirely; 
omnia tecta, Liv. 

concrepo -iii, 1. I. Intransit. to rattle, 
creak, clash, grate; scabilla concrepant, Cic ; 
concirepuere arma, Liv. ; armis conerepat nralti- 
tudo, Caes. ; exercitus gladiis ad scuta concrep- 
uit, Liv. ; si digitis concrepuerit, at the least 
sign, Cic IX. Transit, to rattle, strike upon; 
aera, Ov. 

concresco -crevi -cretum. A. Gen. to 
become stiff, to congeal, curdle, harden; lac, Verg.; 
aer, Cic. ; nive pminaque concre.scit aqua, Cic ; 
frigore sanguis, Verg. ; quum claram specicm 
concreto lumine luna alxlidit, with darkened 
light, Cic B. to grow, collect, increase, be formed; 
aut simplex est natura animantis ant concreta 
est ex pluribus naturis, Cic. ; de ten-is terra m 
concrescere parvis, Lucr. (inlhi. perf. syncop. 
concresse, Oy.). 

concretio -onis, f. (concresco), 1, a growing 
together, congealing, condensing ; corporum, Cic. ; 
2, materiality, matter; mortalis, Cic. 

concretus -a -urn p. adj. (from concresco), 
thickened, congealed, condensed, stiffened; glacies, 
Liv. ; lac, Verg. ; dolor, hard, tearless, Ov. 

concrucio, 1. to torture violently, Lucr. 

conciibina -ae, f. (concubo), a concubine. 

concublnatus -us, m. (concubinns), concu- 
bhwge, Plaut. 

concubinus -i, m. a man living in a state 
of concubinage, Tac. . . 

concubitus -us, m. (concubo), 1, lying to- 
gether (at table), Prop. ; 2, copulation, Cic 

concubium -ii, n. (concubin3), noctis, the 
dead of night, the time at which nwiarein deep 
sleep, Plant. . .... 

COncublUS -a -nm (concumbo), relating to 
sleep, found only in the phrase concnbla nocte, 
at the time of men's first sleep, at dead of night, 

concubo, 1. = concumbo (q.y.). 

conculco, 1. (com and calco). A. to tread, 
trample under foot, Cato. B. Transf., to misuse, 
to despise; miseram Ituliam, Cic; Macedonicam 
lauream, Cic. 

concumbo -cubui -ciibltum, 3. (com and 
* cuinbo), to lie with, have intercourse with, Ov. 

concupisco -pivi or -pii -pitum, 3. (com and 
cupio), to desire eagerly, covet, to endeai'our after, 
aim at ; eandem mortem gloriosani, Cic. ; signa, 
tabulas, supellectilem, vestem infinite, Cic. ; 
with infin.,4ucere aliquam injpatrimonium, Cic. 

concurro -cbrri (rarely -cucurri) -cursum, 
8. L to run together, come together, flock to one 

spot; tota' Italia concurret, Cic; ad arma, 
Caes. ; ad curiam, Cic. ; ad me restitn'endum 
Romam, Cic. II. 1, a, to meet together ; ut neve 
aspere (verba) concurrerent neve vastius diduc- 
antur, Cic; eoncurrit dextera laeva, of-clap- 
ping the hands for applause, llor. ; b", to hopi-en 
at the same time; quae ut concurrant omnia, 
optabile est, Cic. ; 2, a, to run, dash, strike: 
tooHher; ne prorae concurrerent, Liv. ; b, to 
. I conflict, attack, engage; concurrant equites 
iiite, se, Caes. ; omnia ventornm concurrere 
proelia vidi, Verg. ; cum acie legionuin recta 
fronte, Liv.; with dat., . concurrere equitibus, 
Liv. ; adversus aliquem, Liv. ; in aliquem, .Sail. ; 
transf., eonourrentis belli minae, war on iht 
point of breaking out, Tac. 

concursatfo -onis", f. (concurso), a running 
together,- coiicourse ; 1 of persons, a, pueroiniii, 
Cic. ; b, going round ; concursatio regis a De- 
metriade nunc Lamiam in concilium Aetolorum 
nunc Chalcidem, Liv.; c, skirmishing of light 
troojv, Liv. ; 2, of things without life, somnior- 
um, Cic. 

concursator -oris, m. (concurso), a skir- 
misher (opp. statarius), Liv. 

concursio -onis, f. (concurro), 1, a running 
together, concourse; atoniorum, Cic. ; 2, a figure 
of 'speech, in which the same xoord is frequently re- 
pealed (Gr. cn7i7rAo/oj), Cic. 

concurso, 1. I. Intransit. to run about, 
rush hither and thither; 1, of persons, a, tuni 
trepidare et concursare, Caes. ; dies noctesquej 
Cic; b, to skirmish; inter saxa rupesque, Liv.; 
C, to travel about (esp. of the magistrates of pro- 
vinces), to make official visits, Cic; 2, of things,, 
ignes concursant, Lucr. II. Transit, to visit; 
omnes fere domos omnium, Cic. 

o i cursus -us, m. (concui-ro). I. a run n inn' 
toyether, concourse; 1, concursushoniinum in for-' 
um, Cic; facere, to cause a tumult or concourse; 2,- 
of abstractions, union; honestissimornm studi-- 
orum, co-operation in, Cic II. A. « striking to- 
gether, meeting; corpusculormn, Cic; verborunv 
Cic B. a dashing together; 1, navium, Caes., a 
hostile encounter ; conenrsus utriusque exercitus, 
Caes.; 2, fig., non posse sustinere concursum om- 
nium philosophorum, Cic. ; 3, of disasters, con* 
cursus calamitatum, attack, Cic. 

concussus, abl. -u, m. (conditio), a shak- 
ing, concussion, Lucr. 

concutio -cussi -cussum, 3. I, to shake vio- 
lently, agitate. A. Gen,, a, lit., caput, Ov. ; 
terra concussa motu est, Liv.; b, transf., te 
ipsum concute, search, examine yourself, Hor. 
B. a, to shatter, disturb, impair; rempublicain, 
Cic; b, toa'.arm, trouble; terrorem nietuin con- 
cutientem definiuut, Cic. ; casu concussus acer- 
bo, Verg.; c, to urge, excite; pectus, -Verg.. C. 
to strike together,' framcus, Tac. ' '' '■ 

condecet, 2., impers. it is proper, fit, -decent; 
capies quod te condecet, Plant.' 

condecoro, 1, to adorn carefully; ludos 
scenicos, Ter. 

con rtemnator -oris, m. (condemno), an ac- 
cusi r, Tac. • . • 

condemno, 1. (com and damno). I. Of a 
judge, to condemn, sentence. A. Lit., - C>o. ; 
with genit., of the crime, aliquem injuriarum. 
Cic. ; of the punishment, capitis, Cic. ; with de, 
aliquem de alea, Cic. ; with abl. of the penalty, 
denis millibus aeris, Liv. B. a, to accuse; ali- 
quem impudentiae, Cic; b, to disapprove; 
tuum factum non esse condemnation judicio 
amicorum, Cic. II. Of an accuser, to urge or 
effect the condemnation of a person ; condemnare 
aliquem uno hoc crimine, Cic. 




Condenseo = condenso (q.v.). 

condonso, 1. to make thiol:, press close to- 
gether, Varr. 

condensus -a -um, dense, thick; puppes 
litore, Verg. ; vallis arboribus condensa, Liv. 

OOndlCO -dixi -dictum, 1, to make arrange- 
ment with, agree to, fix, appoint, settle; diem, 
Plaut. ; 2, condicere alicui, to invite oneself as a 
guest, Cic. 

condignus -a -um, quite worthy, very worthy; 
douuin, Plaut. 

condlmentum -i, n. (condio), spice,.season- 
ing,-suuce, coniHment. A. Bit; cibi coiidimentum 
est fames, potionis sitis, Cic." B. -Transf.", facet- 
iae omnium se.rmonum condimenta, Cic. ; seve- 
ritas aMcumsvJBulti* fondinientis Hnihafiitatla 
mitigativr, Cic. - i;- • • 

COndlO'-Ivi oi" -i i -Itum", "4." to pickle,' to pre- 
serve. A. Lit. a, in wine or vinegar, oleas, 
Cato ; b, in spice, to make savoury; herbas, 
Cic. ; . hence, c. unguenta, to make fragrant. 
Cic. ; c, to embalm ; mortuos, Cic. B. Transf. 
to season, ornament, make pleasant; orationem, 
Cic. ; to soften, temper; tristitiam temporum, 

condiscipula -ae, f. a female schoolfellow, 

condisclpulus -i, m. a schoolfelloxo, Cic. 

condisco -didlci, 3. to learn thoroughly; 
modos, Hor. ; with infin., miliipaulo diligentius 
supplicare, Cic. 

1. conditio -ouis (condio), 1, pickling or pre- 
serving of fruits, Cic; 2, a seasoning, making 
savoury; ciborum, Ov. , 

2. conditio -onis, f.- (condo), 1, state, con- 
dition, external position, place, circumstances; in- 
fima servornm, Cic. ; ea conditione nati sumus 
ut, etc., Cic. ; conditio imperii, Cic. ; parem 
cum ceteris fortunae conditionem subire, Cic. ; 
2, o condition, stipxdation, provision, proviso; 
non respuit conditionem, Caes. ; conditionem 
aequissimamrepudiare, Cic. ; conditionem accip- 
ere, Cic. ; hac, ea, ista conditione, his condi- 
tionibus, on these terms, Cic. ; armis conditione 
positis, under conditions of peace, Cic. ; 3, .esp. 
conditions of marriage, marriage contract, mar- 
riage; and meton. the person married; aliam 
conditionem quaerere, Cic. ; conditionem filiae 
quaerere, Liv. ; nnllius conditionis non habere 
potestatem, Nep. ; in a bad sense, a gallant, 
paramour, Cic. 

conditor -oris, m. (cpndo), a founder, maker, 
contriver, composer, author; Romanae. arcis, 
Verg. ; Romanae libertatis, Liv. ; conditor et 
instructor con vivii, Cic; conditor, Romani anni, 
chronicler, Ov. ' 

cbnditdrium -ii, n. (condo), the place in 
which a corpse or its ashes are preserved, Suet. 

1. conditus -a -um, partic of condo. 

2. conditus -a -um, p. adj., with conipar. 
(from condio), tr'TiiH, s",yf"'-r>/ I. Lit. con- 
dition liaec facitvenatio, Cic II. Transf. sea- 
soned, ornamented; oratio lepore et festivitato 
conditior, Cic. . ■ . 

condo -dldi -dltum, 3. I. a. to mit tojjefhr.r. 
form, establish; urbciu Romam, Cic. ; Romaiiam 
gentem, Verg. ; collegium ad id novum, Liv. ; 
b, to compose, write; carmen, Cic ; leges, Liv. ; 
hence, to celebrate in song; tristia bella, Verg. ; 
Caesaris acta, Ov. II. toputin: A; "to thrust, 
press in ; ensem in pectus, Ov. B. 1, to prtserve, 
collect; pecuniam, Cic. ; litteras publicas in sanc- 
tiore aerario conditas habere, Cic. ; aliquid domi 
suae conditum jam putare, Cic. ; so esp. a, of 
wine, fruits, etc. to store up; frumentum, Cic. ; 
fig., bonum in visceribus medullisque, Cic. ; of 

fruits, to preserve, pickle; cornaconditain liquid* 
faece, Ov. ; b, of persons, to hide; se deaerto in 
litore, Verg.; to put, place; aliquem in carcerem, 
Cic. ; c, to bury; aliquem in sepulcro, Cic; 2, «. 
transf., in causis conditae (hidden);, sunt res 
futurac, Cic; 3, a, to withdraw from sight; 
caput inter nubila, Verg. ; of persons, condere 
diem, to pass the day; longos soles cantando, 
Verg. ; b, to conceal, to cover; caelum umbra, 
Verg. ; transf., iram, Tac 

condoccfacio -feci -factum, 3 (condoceo 
and facio), to.traiiii instruct, teach ; -\>elni&,- Civ. ; * 
animuni, Cic. .. . — .-.. ._• 

1 condolesco -dfllui (cow and doleo), 3. . to 
~ suffer severely! ta feel pain, to pain; si pes con- 
doluit, si tie ns,. Cic;; latns. ei diceuti cojido- 
liiissc, Cic. ' •" . ... ... . _ •' 

4» condonatio -onis, . f. (condono), a giving 
away; bonorum possessiouumque, Cic.' •• 

condono, 1., 1, a, to give away, present; 
agros suis latronibusj Cic. ; consuli tbtam 
Achaiam.Cic. ; of the praetor, alicui hereditatem, 

. . to award the inheritance, Cic. ; b, to give up to, 
sacri fice t o ; so vitamque suam reipublieae, Sail. ; 
"cbndonari libidini muliebri, Cic. ; 2, a, to for give , 
uJLitiit; pecunias creditas debitoribus, Cic ; b, 
]ience 1 pi nyr.vl.nn k. forgive a lim it ; alicui crimen, . 
Cic; to forgive an injury for the sake of a third 
party; praeterita se Divitiaco fratri condonare 
dicit, Caes. 

Condrusi -orum, m. a German people in 
Gallia Belgica. 

conducibilis -e (conduco), profitable, useful; 
consilium ad earn rem, Plaut. 
' conduco -duxi -ductuin, 3. I. Transit. A. 
to bring or lew^Jogetker, collect; a, of persons, 
exercitum in uimm locum, Caes. ; virgines ununi 
in locum, Cic. :^b, of things, to bring together, 
wu {e. r connect ; partes in unum, Lucr. ; vincas, 
Cic. ; cortice ramos, Ov. ; transf., propositionein, 
et assumptionem in unum, Cic. B. .to hii e, 
a. of persons, aliquem mercede, Cic ; consulem 
ad caedem faciendam, Cic. ; esp. milit. 1. 1. to 
hire , wldiers ; homines, Caes. ; milites Gallo3 
mercede, Hiv. ; b, of things, to hire for use (opp. 
locare), domum, hortum, Cic ; esp. to farm the 
taxes ; portorium, Cic. ; c, to undertake, contract 
for; columnam faciendam, Cic. II. Intransit. 
to be of use, to profit, to serve, Cic. ; with dat, . 
quae saluti tuae conducere arbitror, Cic. ; with, 
ad and the ace, ad vitae coinmoditatem, Cic. ; 
with ace. and infin., hoc maxiine reipublicao, 
conducit Syriam Macedoniamque decerni, Cic. 

conducticius -a '-um (conduco), hired; ex- 
ercitus, mercenary, Nep. ... 

oonductio -onis, f. (conduco), 1, a bringing 
together, uniting, recapitulation,- Cic ; %,-hiring, 
farming ; fundi, Cic. - , . - . . . . ■ ■ 

■«■ conductor -oris, m. (conduco), 1; one who. 
hires; niercedeshabitatioauraaunuas conductor- 
ibus donare, Caes. ; -2, a- contractor.; j>peris r CiCi. 

conductus -a -um, partic of conduce. 

conduplico, 1. to double; divitiaa, Liter. 
'* conduro, 1. to harden , make quite Itard '; ^ 
ferrum, Lucr. " *?— - ' 

conocto, conexio, v. conuecto, connexio. 

conesto, v. cohonesto. 
- confabulor, 1., dep. to talk, converse, Plaut. 

confarreatio -onis, f. (confarreo), an an- 
cient atvd solemn form of the marriage ceremony 
atiwng the Romans, in which panis farrens was 
used, Plin. 

confarreo, 1. (com and far), to marry by the 
ceremony of confarreatio ; patricios confarreatia 
parentibus genitus, Tac, 




COnfatalls -e, determined by fate, Cic 
confeotio -onis, f. (conficio), 1, a, a making 
ready, prepaj-ation, producing, composing, com- 
pleting; lmius libri, Cic; l>elli, Cic; h, exaction; 
trihuti, Cic ; 2, consumption, esravum, Cic ; 
Yalefudinis, wecdceniny, Cic 

confector -Oris, in. (conficio), 1, one who 
pre/mrcx, completes, finishes ; negotiorum, Cic; 

2, a destroyer, consumer; confector et consumptor 
omnium ignis, Cic. 

oonfercio -fersi -fertutn, 4. (com and farcio), 
to press close together, compress, cram together; 
coufertae naves, Liv. 

confero, contnll, collatum (eonlltum), con- 
ferre. I. to bring together, collect; 1, a, lit, 
Rarcinas in imum locum, Caps. ; b, transf., con- 
feramns igitnt in panrat, Cic ; 2, to bring together 
money, contribute; tributa quotannis ex censu, 
Cic. ;quadragenatalentaquotannis Delum, Nep. ; 

3, to unite, to join, connect; vires in unum, Liv. ; 

4, to place together or near; a, lit. (a) in a 
friendly manner, capita, Cic. ; gradum, Verg. ; 
(fi) us inilit. t. t, to bring into hostile contact or 
collision; Galli cum Fontejo ferrum ac manus 
contulerunt, Cic. ; pedem cum pede, or conferre 

Jiedem, to fight foot to foot, Liv., Cic. ; signa con- 
erre, to engage, Cic. ; so viro vir contulit, man 
fought with man, Verg. ; absol., mecum confer, 
ait, fight with me, Ov. ; cmferre lites, to contend, 
Hor. ; b, transf., of speech, to interchange, ex- 
change, uisciiss ; sermonem cum aliquo, Cic. ; con- 
silia, Lift ; turn si quid res feret, coram confer- 
emiis, Cic. ; 5, to compare; Gallicum cum German- 
orum agro, Cats. ; cum illius vita P. Sullae 
vobis notissimam, Cic. ; parva magnis, Cic 
II, to bring to a place; 1, to remove, transfer; 
a, lit., suas rationes et copias in illam provinc- 
iain, Cic. ; esp., se conferre ; to betake oneself, 
flee; se in astu, Cic; b, transf (o) se conferre, 
to devote oneself, join oneself to ; conferre se ad 
pontiflcemScaevolam, Cic ; se ad studium scrib- 
endi, Cic. ; (fi) to pvt off, postpone ; aliquid in 
longiorem diem, Caes.; 2, to apply; a, lit.. 
pecuniam ad beneficentiam, Cic; b, transf. (a) 
of thoughts, etc., to direct, vse; curam ad philo- 
sophiam, Cic; (fi) to hand over ; rem ad aliqnem, 
Cic. ; (y) to impute, attribute ; pennulta in Plan- 
cium quae ab eo dicta non sunt, Cic. ; culpam 
inaliqueru,Cic; (i)confert, it isprofitable, Quint. 
confertim, adv. (confertus), densely, thickly, 
compactly; pugnare, Liv. 

confertus -a -urn, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (confercio), 1, closely compressed, dense 
(opp. rarus) ; coniertae naves, Liv. ; confertis- 
sima turba,'Liv. ; conferti milites, in close for- 
mation, Caes.; 2, with abl., full of; ingenti 
turba co'nferta templa, Liv. ; transf., vita, plena 
et conferta voluptatibus, Cic 

confervefacio, 3. to make very hot, to melt, 

confervesoo -ferbui, 3. to begin to boil, begin 
to glow; transf., niea quum conferbuit ira, Hor. 

confessio -<"inis, f. (confiteoi), a confession, 
acJ.nowledgment ; errati sui, Cic. ; captae pecun- 
iae, Cic ; adducere aliqueiu ad ignorationis con- 
fessionem, Cic ; exprimere ab aliquo confessi- 
onem culpne, Liv. ; eaeratconfessio caput rerum 
Hxi'inin esse, Liv. 

confessus -a -um (partic of conflteor, with 
pass, meaning), undoubted, acknowledged, certain; 
res manifesto, confessa, Cic; hence, ex confesso, 
confessedly, Quint. ; in confesso esse, Tac. ; in 
confessum venire, to be generally acknowledged, 
universally known, Plin. 

confestim, adv., immediately, without delay; 
confestim hue advolare, Cic. ; confestim cou- 
sequi, Cic; patres consulere, Liv. 

conffciens -entis, p. adj. (from coniloio), 
that which causes, effects, effecting, efficient; causae, 
Cic; with genit., cum civitate mini res est acer- 
lima el. couficientissiina litteramm, that notes 
down everything carefully, Cic 

conficio -feci -fectum, 3. (com and facio), 
to make together, hence, I. to finish, make ready, 
bring about, accomplish ; 1, a, soccos sua 
manu, Cic; litteras, Cic; sacra, Cic; tantum 
facinus, Cic ; belluin, Cic; his rebus confectis, 
Caes.; b, of business, to conclude a bargain or 
transaction; negotium ex sententia, Cic; rem 
sine pugna et sine vulnere, Caes. ; fraetioiies, 
Cic; pretiura, settle the price, Cic; absol., con- 
flee cum Apella de columnis, settle, arrange, 
Cic ; c, of a Journey, to bring to an end ; envs- 
um, Cic; c iter ex sententia, Cic; iiicredihili 
oeleritate magnum spatium paucis dietms, Cic. ; 
d, of time, to complete ; prope centum 
annos, Cic ; extreinum vitoe diem morte, Cic ; 
nondum hieme confecta, Caes.; 2, a, to procure; 
permagnam ex ilia re pecuniam contici posse, 
Caes. ; fiumentum, Liv. ; milit. t. t., to get sol- 
diers ; reliquas legiones, quas ex novo delect u 
confecerat, Cic. ; exercitus maximos, Cic. ; trib- 
um suam necessariis, to gain over, Cic; b, to 
produce, cause; (a) alicui reditum, procun, Cic. ; 
motus aniinnrum, Cic; (fi) philosoph. t. t, to 
prove; ex quo conflcitnr ut, etc., it follows from 
this, Cic II. 1, to consume ; a, of food, etc (a) to 
chew, eat ; eseas,Cic; plures jam pavonesconfeci, 
quam tu pullos columbines, Cic ; (fi) to digest ; 
confectus et consumptus cibus, Cic. ; b, to 
waste, destroy; patrimonium suum, Cic; 2, 
to destroy, kill ; liaec sica nuper ad regiam me 
paene confecit, Cic ; 3, to subdue; Britanniaiu, 
Cic. ; 4, to weaken ; a, vitae cupiditas, quae me 
conficit angoribus, Cic. ; often in pass., conlici 
fame, frigore, lacrimis, curis, dolore, Cic ; con- 
fectus macie et squalore, Cic; vulneribus, Caes.; 
b, of states, praevalentis populi vires se ipse 
cmiticiunt, Liv. 

conflctio -onis, f. (conflngo), a fabrication, 
invention; ciiminis, Cic. 

oonfidens -entis, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (from confido), confident, self-reliant, 
gen. in a bad sense, shameless, impudent, Cic. 

conf identer, adv., with compar. and superl. 
(confidens), boldly, confidently ; conlidentius dic- 
ere, Cic. 

confidentia -ae, f. (confidens), a, confi- 
dence ; confidentiam afferre hominibus, ap. Cic. ; 
b, more frequently, impudence, boldness, shume- 
lessness ; confidentia et temeritas tua, Cic. 

confido -fisus sum (confidi(?), Liv.), 3. to 
trust, be assured, confide; a, absol., nimis con- 
fidere, Cic; b, with dat, sibi, Cic; c, with abl., 
milituui virtute non satis, Cic. ; d, with de, de 
salute urbis, Caes. ; e, with ace and infin., to 
believe firmly ; id ita futurum esse confido, Cic. 

configo -fixi -fixnni, 3. 1, to fasten together, 
nail together ; transtra clavis feneis, Caes.; 2, to 
pierce through, transfix with a weapon; a, lit., 
tilios suos sagittis, Cic; b, transf., ducentis 
confixus senatus consnltis, Cic 

confindo, 3. to cleave asunder, Tib. 

conflngo -finxi -fictum, 3. 1, to construct; 
nidos, Plin. ; 2. to fabricate, feign, invent; 
crimen incredibile, Cic. ; crimina in aliquem, 

conf mis -e. A. Lit., having the same bound- 
ary, conterminous, adjacent, near; confines 
erant hi Senonibus, Caes. ; caput confinis coilo, 
Ov. Subst., confinis -is, m. a neighbour. Mart. 
B. Transf., nearly allied, similar; studio con- 
finia carmina vestro, Ov. 

coiifinium -n, n. (confinis). A. Lit, a 




confine, common boundary, limit, border (of 
countries or estates); Treviroruni, Caes. ; oon- 
venict in oiuiii re contrahenda vieinitatibus et 
coulluiis acqitum et facileui esse, Cic. B. 
Transf., the bordering line, nearness, close con- 
nexion; conliuia noctis, twilight, Ov.; breve 
conftuium artis et falsi, Tac. 

conflrmatio -onis, f. (confirmo), a, an 
establishing, making firm ; conflrmatio perpetuac 
libcrtatis, Cic; b, esp., consolation, encourage- 
ment, support ; nequc enini contirmatione nostra 
cgebat virtus tua, Cic. ; c, confirming or veri- 
fying a fact; perfugae, Caes. ; d, rhet t. t., ad- 
ducing «/ proofs, Cic. 

confirmator -oris, m. (confirmo), one who 
confirms, establislies ; pecuniae, a surety, Cic. 

conflrmatus -a -urn, p. adj. with coinpar. 
and superb (from confirmo), 1, encouraged, em- 
boldened; satis certus et contirmatus animus, 
Cic; 2, certain, credible; in quibus (litteris) 
erat conlirmatius idem illud, Cic. 

conflrmo, 1. I. Lit., to establish, make firm, 
confirm, strengthen ; hoc nervos confirmari put- 
ant, Caes. ; valetudinein, to recover health, Cic ; 
se contirmare, to recover strength, Cic. II. 
Transf., A. Gen., to strengthen, make lasting; 
pauem, Cic; consilia, to support, Caes.; confirm- 
atis rebus, firmly established, Caes. ; se trans- 
marinis auxiliis, Caes.; polit. t. t, to ratify; 
acta Caesaris, Cic. B. Esp. a, to confirm persons 
in allegiance, etc.; jurejurando inter se, Caes. ; b, 
to strengthen, encourage; contirmare et excitare 
ufflictos animos, Cic. ; edge te et con Pinna, take 
Murage ; amnios Gallorum verbis, Caes.; c, to 
confirm or establish the truth of an assertion ; 
nostra argumcutis ac rationibus, Cic. ; d, to 
affirm, assert positively; id onme ego me rei 
publicae causa suscepisse confirmo, Cic. 

confisco, 1. (com and fiscus), 1, to lay up, 
preserve in a chest, Suet. ; 2, to appropriate to 
the imperial treasury, to confiscate, Suet. 

conf isio -onis, f. (confido), confidence, assur- 
ance; f'.dentia, id est firma aniini contisio, Cic. 

confiteor -fessus sum, 2. dep. (com and 
fateor). I. Lit., to confess, allow, acknow- 
ledge; with ace, hoc crimen, Cic; with ace 
and dat, amorem mitrici, Ov. ; with double 
ace, se victos, Caes.; with ace. and infln., 
inulta se ignorare, Cic. ; with de, aliquid de 
vcucno, Cic. Partic. perf., confessus, a, 
act., having confessetl; quiuque homines com- 
prehensi atque confessi, Cic. ; b, pass., con- 
fessed, acknowledged; quam improbam, quam 
manif'estam, quam confessam rem pecunia re- 
dimere conetur, Cic. II. Transf., to reveal, 
make known; se, Ov.; deam, as a goddess, Verg. 
cenflagro, 1. to be destroyed by fire, to be 
burnt up. A. Lit., classis praedonuiu incendio 
conflagrabat, Cic; fig., amoris (lamina, Cic. ; in- 
cendio inviiliac, Cic. B. Transf., conflagrare 
iuvidia, to fall a victim to hatred, Cic 

conftictlo -onis, f. (confiigo), a striking to- 
gether, collision, a conflict, combat; transf., caus- 
aruin, Cic. 

conflicto, 1. (intens. of confiigo), to strike 
together violently ; thus pass., a, to combat with, 
contend with; conflictari cum adversa fortuna, 
Xep. ; conflictari cum aliquo, Cic; b, conflictari 
aliqua re, to be grievously troubled, to suffer se- 
verely, to be harassed, tormented; iiiiquissimis 
verbis, Cic; magna inopia necessarian um rerum, 
Caes. ; duriore fortuna, Cic. 

QonfiiCtUS -lis, in. (confiigo), a striking to- 
gether; lapidum, Cic. 

confiigo -flixi -flictum, 3. I. Transit., to 
■frike. bring, join together; corpora, Lucr.; 

transf., to bring together in order to compare; 
factum adversavii cum scripto, Cic. II. In- 
transit., a, to strike together; illae (naves) 
graviter inter se ineitatae confiixcrunt, Caes.; 
b, to struggle, fight, conteiul; cum hoste, Cic; 
contra or adversus aliquem, Nep. 

conno, 1. I. to blow together, to blow up, to 
kindle. A. Lit, quorum opera id conflatum 
incendiuin, Liv. B. Transf., to excite; seditionem, 
Cic. II. to melt. A. Lit., a, of metals, Phn. ; 
falces in enses, to forge, Verg. ; b, of money, to 
coin ; aut flare aut conflare pecuniam, Cic B. 
Transf., a, to unite; horum consensus con- 
spirans et paene conflatus, Cic. ; b, to rivet 
together, forge, produce ; ut una ex duabus ua- 
turis conflata videatur, Cic; c, to get together; 
exercitus perditorum civium claudestiuo scelere 
conflatus, Cic. ; d, to forge, invent; crimen, Cic; 
alicui periculum, Cic ; e, to brood over, meditate; 
judicia domi conflabant, pronuutiabant in foro, 
Liv. ,. 

confliions -entis or confluentes -mm, ni. 
the confluence or place of junction of two rivers ; 
Mosae et Rheni, Caes. 

confluo -fluxi, 3. A. to flow together; in 
unuin, Cic. ; a conflucnte Rhodano castra movi, 
from the confluence of the Rhone with the Arar, 
ap. Cic. B. Transf., a, of a crowd, to stream or 
flock together ; Athenas, Cic. ; ad haec studia, 
Cic. ; b, of abstractions, ad ipsos laus, honos, 
dignitas eonfluit, Cic. 

confodio -fodi -fossum, 3. a, to dig tho- 
roughly ; hortum, Plaut. ; b, to stab, pierce, 
ivound ; jacentem, Liv. ; (Ciceronem) de im- 
proviso domi suae, Sail. ; fig., tot judiciis con- 
fossi praedanniatique, Liv. 

conformatio -onis, f. (conforuio). A. Lit., 
a form, shape/ fciiting, conformation ; lineament- 
orum, Cic. B. Transf., 1, gen., vocis, expres- 
sion; verboium, arrangement, Cic; 2, osp., a, 
philosoph. t. t., conformatio aniini, or simply 
conforniatio, an idea, Cic; b, in rhct. t. t., a 
figure of speech, Cic. 

conformo, 1. to form symmetrically, form, 
arrange. A. Lit, mundum a natura conform- 
atum esse, Cic; ad majora quaedam nos 
natura genuit et conforu.uvit, Cic. B. Transf., 
to arrange fittingly ; vocem secundum rationem 
rerum, Cic; se ad voluntatein alicuius, Cic. 
confossus -a -urn, partic. of confodio. 
confragosus -a -um, rugged, uneven; loca, 
via, Liv.; neut. plur. assubst., uneven places, Liv. 
confremo -fremiii, 3. to murmur, roar, make 
a loud noise; confremuere omues, Ov. 

confrico -frlcui -fiicatum, 1. to rub; caput 
atque os suum unguento, Cic. 

confringo -fregb -fractum, 3. (com and 
frango). A. Lit., to break in two, break in pieces; 
digitos, Cic B. Transf., to destroy, bring to 
naught ; consilia senatoria, Cic. 

confuglo -fiigi, 3. A. Lit,, to fly to, take 
refuge ; ad aliquem, ad or in arani, Cic. ; in 
naves, Caes. B. Transf., a, ad alicuius miseri- 
cordiani, Cic. ; ad opein .judicum, Cic. ; b, to 
have recourse to; patrias ad artes, Ov. ; confugit 
illuc ut ncget, etc., Cic. 

confugium -li, n. (confugio), a place of re- 
fuge, Ov. 

confulcio -fultus, 4. to prop vp, Lucr. 
confundo -fudi -fusum, 3. I. to pour to- 
gether, mingle, mix. A. Lit,, cum alicuius lacrimis 
lacrimas confumlere nostras, Ov.; quum ignis 
oculornm cum eo igni qui est ob os otl'usus se 
confudit et eontulit, Cic. B. Transf., 1, to i >i 
together ; tanta multitudine confusa, Cars. ■ 
populi confusi in unura, Liv, \ ea pliilosopiiifl 




quae confundit vera cum falsis, Cic. ; in hnc 
confusa et universa defensione, complicated, 
Cic. ; 2, a, to conjiist, throw into disorder ; aigna 
et ordines pedltum atque equituin, Liv. ; jura 
gentium, Liv. ; particular minutas primum con- 
fusas, postea in ordinem adductas a mente 
divina. Cic; b, (a) to obscure; vultum Lunae, 
Ov. ; (p) to confuse, trouble, disturb; confusa 
pndore, Ov. ;-ntidientium-animos,'Liv. ; macroro 
recenti confusus, Liv. II. to pmt/r into; cruor 
confusus. in fossaui, Ilor. ; per quns lapsus 
cibus in cam venam confunditur, Cic. ; transf., 
est hoc quidem in tntani orationem confundend- 
um, nee ininirae in extreinam, Cic. 

confuse, adv. with compar. (confusus), con- 
fusedly, in a disorderly manner ; loqui, Cic. 

confiisic -Onis, f. (confuudo), 1, a mixture, 
union, connexion; haec eonjunctio coufusioque 
yirtutum,Cic; 2, a,, confusion, disorder; suffrag- 
ioruin, voting not in the centuries, but man by 
man, Cic; religionum, Cic; b, oris, blushing, 

confusus -a -uin, p. adj., with compar. and 
suporl. (confuudo), a, disorderly, confused; ita 
confusa est oratio, ita perturbata, nihil ut sit 
primum, niliil secundum, Cic; strages, Verg. ; 
b, confused in appearance; vultus, Liv.; con- 
fusus auimo, Liv. 

confuto, 1. to cluck the boiling of a liquid; 
henco transf., a, to check, repress; niaximis 
doloribus atfectus eos ipsos inventorum suorum 
nicinoria et recordatioue confutat, Cic. ; b, esp. 
by speecli, to put down, silence, overthrow; aud- 
aciam alicuius, Cic. ; argunienta Stoicorum, 

congelo, 1. I. Transit., to freeze thoroughly. 
A. Lit., Mart B. Transf., to harden, thicken; 
rictus in lapidem, Ov. II. Int.iansit., to freeze; 
Istor congelat, Ov. ; fig., congelasse nostrum 
ninicuin laetnbar otio, had become inactive, Cic 

congemino, 1. to double, redouble; ictus 
crcbros ensibus, Verg. 

congomo -gOmui, 3. I. Intransit., to sigh 
or groan loudly; congemuit senatus frequens, 
Cic II. Transit., to bewail, lament; mortem, 

conger and gonger -gri, m. (yo-vpos), a sea 
or conger eel, Ov, 

1 congeries -ei, f. (congero). A. Gen.; o 
heap, mass; lapidum, Liv. B. Ksp., 1, a lieap 
of wood, a wood pile, Ov. ; 2, the mass of chaos, 

congero -gessi -gestum, 3. • A. Lit, to carry 
together, bring together, collect; 1, undique quod 
idoneum ad munieudum putarent, Nop. ; sal is 
magnam viain ex proxhnis salinis, Caes. ; maxi- 
inaui vim auri atque. argenti in regnum sumn, 
Cic. ; oscula, to add one to another, Ov. ; 2, a, 
to prepare; alicui viaticum, Cic. ; b, to heap to- 
gether; auri pondus, Ov. ; c, to buibl ; aram 
sepulcri arboribus ; so of birds, locus aeriae 
quo congesscre palumbes, have built their nests, 
Verg. B. Transf., a, in discourse, to bring 
together, comprise; turbam patronoruin in hunc 
sennonem, Cic; b, to heap together; ingentia 
beueftcia in aliquem, Liv.; omnia ornamenta 
ad aliquem, Cic. ; maledicta in aliquem, Cic. ; 
omnes vastati agri pei'iculorunique imminentium 
causas in aliquem, to ascribe, impute, Cic 

congesticius -a -uni (congero), heaped up, 
artificially brought together ; agger, Caes. 

congestus -us, m. (congero), a collecting, 
hsxiping together. L Lit., a, gen., municipia 
congestu copiarnm vastabanlur, Tac. ; b, esp. 
of birds, building nests; herbam (cxstitisse) 
avium congestu, Cic. II. Melon., that, vdiich is 
brought together, a. heap, mass; lapidum, Tac, 

congiarium -li, n. (sc. donum), a donation 
distributed by the. consuls and emperors among the 
people, so called from the fact that it originally 
consisted of a congius of wine, oil, etc., Liv.; 
a donation in money to the, soldiery, Cic. ; or to 
private friends, Cic. 

congius -ii, in. a Roman measure for liquids, 

containing sir, sextarii, Liv. 

conglacio, 1. I. Intransit, A. Lit., tofreeze; 
frigoribus conglaciat aqua, Cic B. Transf., 
Curioni nostra tribunatus conglaciat, passes in- 
actively, ap. Cic. II. Transit., to turn to ice, 

conglobatio -finis, f. (conglobo), a heaping, 
pressing, crowding together, Tac. 

conglSbo, 1. (com and globus), 1, to form 
into a. ball or sphere; mare conglobatur un- 
dique aequabi liter, Cic; figura conglobata, Cic; 
2, to press together in a mass or crowd; a, lit., 
catervatim uti qnosque tors conglobaverat, Ball.; 
conglobata in tinum mnltitudo, Liv.; b, transf., 
maxiuie definition's valent conglobatae, accumu- 
lated, Cic. 

conglomero, 1. to roll, twist, entangle to- 
gcthcr, Lucr. 

conglutinatio <mis, f. (conglutino), 1. n 
sticking, cementing together, Cic. ; 2, connexion, 
joining together; verborum, Cic. 

conglutino, 1. A. to slick together, cement 

together, Plin. B. Transf., to connect, bind 
closely; amicitias, Cic. ; voluntates nostras con- 
suetudine, Cic. 

congratulor, 1. dep. to wish joy, congratul- 
ate ; congratulantur libcrtatem concordiamque 
civitati restitutam, Liv. 

congredior -grcssus, 3. dep. (com and 
gradior), 1, to meet ; cum aliquo, Cic; inter se, . 
Liv.; 2, to meet hostilely, in combat; a, to en- 
gage, contend; locus, ubi congressi sunt, Cic; 
congredi sua sponte cum finitimis proelio, Cic ; 
with dat., impar congressus Achilli, Verg.; b, 
to dispute in words, argue; congredi cum Acad- 
emico, Cic. 

congregabilis -e (congrego), sociable, in- 
clined to collect; cxamina apium, Cic 

congregatio -Onis, f. (rongrego), an osscm. 
Ming together, society, union; nns ad congrega. 
tionein hominuin et ad societatcm communitat- 

emque generis huraani esse natos, Cic 

congrego, 1. (com and grex). I. Lit, A 
to collect into a flock ; oves, Plin. ; refl., se con- 
gregare, or pass., congregari, in a middle souse, 
to form into flocks ; . apium examina congreg- 
antur, form themselves into swarms, Cic. " B. 
Of men, to collect, gather together; disperses 
homines in uimm locum, Cic. ; refl., se congreg- 
arc, and pass., congregari, in middle sense, to 
assemble, congregari in fano commentandi causa, 
Cic. II. Transf., of things, to unite; signa in 
utiuin locum, Tac 

congressio -Onis, f. (congredior), 1, a meet- 
ing. Cic; 2, intercourse, society; aliquem ah 
alicuius non modo familiaritate, scd etiam cou- 
gressione prohibere, Cic 

congressus -us, in. (congredior), a meeting; 
1, a friendly meeting, social intercourse, conversa- 
tion; alicuius aditum, congressum, sennonem 
fugere, Cic. ; often in plur., congressus hominuin 
fugcre atque odisse, Cic; 2, a hostile meeting, 
combat; ante congressum, Cic ; primo congressu 
terga vertere nostros cogere, Caes. 

congruens -entis, p. adj. (congrno), 1 
agreeing, fit, appropriate, suitable; vultus et 
gestus congruens et apta, Cic. ; with cum and 
the abl., gestus cum scntentiis congruens, Cic ; 
with dat, actioncs vjrtut.jbus congrtiet.tes, Cic,; 




2, harmonious, accordant; is conccntus ex dis- 
siniillimarumvocum moderatione concurs tamen 
etlicitur et congruous, Cic. ; clamor congruens, 
unanimous, Liv. 

congruenter, adv. (congruens), aptly, agree- 
ably, suitably ; congruenter naturae convenient- 
eniuc vivcrc, Cic. 

congrucntia -ao, f. (congi-uo), agreement, 

harmony, symmetry, proportion, Suet. 

congruo -ili, 3. (coin and *gruo, connected 
With run). A. Lit., to run together, come together, 
meet ; ut vicesimo anno ad metani eandem solis, 
nude orsi cssent, dies congruereht, Liv. B. 
Transf., a, of time, to coincide; qui suos dies 
niensesquo congruere volunt cum solis lunaeque 
ratione, Cic. ; b, to be suited, fitted to, correspond 
with, agree; seusus nostri ut in pace semper, sic 
turn etiamin bcllo congrucbant, Cic. ; with cum 
and the abl., eius sermo cum tuis littcris valdc 
congiuit, Cic. ; with dat., non omni causae nee 
audi tori neque personae nequetempori congruere 
oiatiouis unuin genus, Cic. ; with inter se, multae 
causae inter sc congruere videntur, Cic. 

congruus -a -urn = congruens (q.v.). 

conicio = conjicio (q.v.). 

conifer -fera -ferum (conus and fcro), cone- 
bearing; cyparissi, Verg. 

confger (conus and gero) = conifer (q.v.). 

conltor = con ni tor (q.v.). 

coniveo — conniveo (q.v.). 

conjectio -onis, f. (con.jicio). A. a hurling, 
throwing; telorum, Cic. B. Transf., conjectural 
interpretation; soilimoruiu, Cic. 

conjecto, 1. (freq. of conjicio), to throw to- 
gether ; transf., to conclude, infer,, conjecture, 
surmise, guess at; conjectantes iter, Liv. ; rem 
evenui, Liv. ; Caesar conjectans cum Aegyptum 
iter habere, Caes. 

conjector -Oris, m. (conjicio), an interpreter 
of dreams; Isiaci conjectores, the priests of Isis, 

conjectrix -Icis, f. (conjector), a female in- 
terpreter of dreams, Plant. 

conjectura -ae, f. (conjicio), a guess, con- 
jecture, inference. I. Gen., conjecturam adhibere, 
Cic. ; abcrrarc conjectura, to be mistaken in, Cic.; 
conjecturam faccre or capere ex or dc aliqua re, 
Cie. ; afferre conjecturam, Cic. ; conjectura as- 
sequi or consequi (toll, by relative clause), Cic.; 
quantum conjectura auguramur, Cic. II. Esp. 
1, interpretation of dreams and omens, divina- 
tion, soothsaying ; facilis conjectura huius soinnii, 
Cic. ; 2, rhet. 1. 1., a part of th£ proof, conjecture, 
inference, Cic. 

conjecturalis -e (conjectura), relating to 
conjecture, conjectural; controversia, Cic. 

conjectus -us, m. (conjicio), a throwing 
together. I. Lit., a. material, Lucr. ; b, a 
throwing, casting, hurling; lapidum, Cic; ven- 
ire ad teli conjectuin, to come within shot, 
Liv. ; ne primum quidera conjectum telorum 
ferre, Liv. II, Transf. casting or directing to- 
wards; vesteiiuineanimorum oculoruinque con- 
jectus, Cic. 

conjicio -jeci -jectum, 3. (com and jacio). 
I. A. Lit., 1, to throw, bring together, colled; 
sarcinas in medium, Liv, ; suites in liydriani, 
Cie.; sorteui conjicerc, to cast lots, Cic; aggerem 
iu munilionem, Caes.; 2, of missiles, to throw, 
cast, hurl; tela in nostras, Caes. ; tig., petitiones 
ita ut vitari non possint, Cic. B. Transf., 1, 
(Jen., to cast, direct; oculos in aliquein, Cic; 
malodicta in alicuius vitam, Cic. ; 2, a, to con- 
jecture, guess; do inatre suavianda ex oraculo 
acute argutc((uc, Cic. ; partic pert suUst., hello 
conjectft, clcnr surmises, Cjc, ; b, to interpret 

conjeclu rally ; omen, Cic. II. to throw, to hurl. 
A. Lit. 1, quuni liaec navis iuvitia nautis vi 
tenipestatis in portum conjecta sit, Cic. ; ali- 
quein in carcerein, Cic. ; iu vincula, Cic. ; in 
lautumias, Cic. ; se conjicere, to betake oneself,; se in portum, Cic. ; so in fugam, Cic. ; 
so in castra alicuius, Cic. ; 2, to insert, libell- 
um in epistolam, Cic. ; 3, of a weapon, to 
thrust; gladiuin iu adversum os, Caes. B. 
Transf., 1, naves conjuctae in nocleui, benighted, 
Caes. ; se in noctein, to hasten away under cover 
of night, Cic. ; foieusem turbam in quatuoi 
tribus, to divide, Liv. ; aliquein ex occultis in- 
sidiis ad apertum latroeiniuni, to force, Cic. ', 
2, to spend; tantain pecuniam in propylaea,. 
Cic. ; 3, to introduce; haec verba in interdictuin, 

conjugalis -e (conjux), relating to marriage, 
conjugal; amor, Tac. 

conjugatio -onis, f. (conjugo), the etymologi- 
cal connection of words, Cic. 

conjugator -oris, in. one who connects, 
unites; buui amoris, Cat. 

conjugialis -e (eonjugium), relating to 
marriage, conjugal; festa, Ov. 

eonjugium -Ij, n. (conjungo), 1, a close 
connexion, union; corporis atque aniiuac, 
Lucr.; 2, a, marriage, wedlock; Tulliac ineae, 
Cic. ; tote doinus conjugio et stirpc conjuugitur, 
Cic. ; poet., of animals, Ov. ; b, nietun., hus- 
band, Verg. ; wife, Verg. 

conjugo, 1. (com and juguni), to yoke to- 
gether, to bind together, co)inect; a, est ea juciiu- 
dissima aniicitia, quam similitudo inoruiii con- 
jugavit, Cic. ; b, conjugata verba, words ety- 
mologically connected, Cic. 

conjunoto, .adv., with compar. and super!. 
(conjunctus), 1, conjointly, in connexion; con- 
juncte cum reliquis rebus nostra contexere, Cic; 
elatuin aliquid, hypotheticxdly (opp. simpliciter, 
categorically), Cic ; 2, intimately, on terms of 
friendship; cum aliquo vivere conjunctissime et 
amantissiine, Cic. 

conjunctim, adv. (conjunctus), conjointly, 
in common; liuius omnis pecuniae conjunctim 
ratio habetur, Caes. 

conjunctio -onis, f. (conjungo), uniting, 
joining together; 1, portuuiu, Cic. ; 2, a, of 
things, conjunctio confusioque naturae, Cic ; 
rhet. and philosoph. t. t. connemion of ideas, 
Cic. ; grammar, t. t. a connecting particle, con- 
junction; quum dcniptis conjunctionibus dissol- 
ute plura dicuntur, Cic. ; b, of persons, union, 
connexion; (a) gen. societas conjunctioque 
liuniana, Cic; citius cum eo veterem conjunc- 
tioneni dirimere quam novam conciliare, Cic. ; 
Pompejtun a Caesaris conjunctione avocare, Cic; 
summa nostra conjunctio et familiaritas, Cic ; 
(jS) relationship through marriage, or relation- 
ship; conjunctio sanguinis, Cic; conjunctio 
alliuitatis, Cic. 
'conjunctus -a -urn, p. adj., with compar. 
and superl. (conjungo), connecteil, joined; 1, 
sublicae cum omui opere conjunctae, Caes. ; with 
dat. bordering on, near; theatruiu conjunctuni 
domui, Caes.; Paphlagonia conjuncta Cappaduc- 
iae, Nop. ; 2, contemporary with; conjunctus 
igitur Sidpicii aetati'P. Autistius fuit, Cic. ; 3, 
a, connected with, agreeing with, proportioned to ; 
prudeutia cum justitia, Cic. ; talis simulatio est 
vanitati conjunetior, is more nearly allied, Cic ; 
continuata conjunctaquc verba, Cic; subst., 
conjunctuni -i, n. connection, Cic. ; b, of 
persons, connected, allied, friendly ; homines bei 
nevolentia conjunct]', Cic. ; hblno mihi conjunct* 
us fidifistmS gratia, Cic. ; et cum ils ot inter so 
conjunctissimos fuisse W. Curium, Ti. Corun- 
canium, Cic. ; tain conjuncta pupulo Romano 




clvitas.Caes. ; sanguine conjuncti, Nep. ; civium 
Konianorum omnium sanguis conjunctus oxis- 
timandus est, Cic. 

conjungo -junxi -Junctum.3. to join together 
constr. with tlat, cutu and abl., Inter Be, or the 
abl. alone. I. Lit, navi onerariae alteram, 
Caes. ; calamoa plures cera, Verg. II. Transf., to 
unite; 1, of space, a, of tilings, dextram dextrae, 
Ov. ; eani epistolam cum line epistola, Cic.; hunc 
moiitein iiiunis circumdatua arceiu ellicit et 
emu oppido con.jungit, Cnes. ; b, of persons, at 
paulatim sese legiones conjungerent, Caes. ; se 
Hannibali, Liv. ; 2, of time, noctein dici, to 
travel far into the night, Caes.; 3, to bring i o 
connexion, unite, join; a, causatu nlicuius cum 
coiiiinuni Riilute, Cic. ; conjungere belluin, to 
undertake, in common, Cic; b, tonni/c. in. mar- 
rlage, friendship, alliance, etc. ; filias suns tiliis 
alicuius matrimonio, Liv. ; me tibi studia com- 
munis conjungunt, Cic. ; conjungere aiuicitias, 
Cic. ■ 

conjunx = conjux (q.v.). 

conjuratio -Onis, f. (conjuro). A. union con- 
firmed by an oath; conjuratio Acarnauica, Liv. ; 
conjuratioiiein nobilitatis facere, Caes. B. a 
conspiracy, ')ilot; conjuratio Catilinae, Sail.; in 
ea conjuratione esse, to be implicated in, Sail. ; 
conjurationem facere contra rempublicam, Cic. 
C. Meton. the conspirators ; voces eonjurationis 
ti-ae, Cic. 

con jurat US -a -uin (conjuro), united by oath, 
allied; subst., oonjurati -Drum, m. conspira- 
tors, Cic. 

conjuro, 1. to swear togetlwr. I. to take the 
military oath; utomnes Italiae juniores conjur- 
arent, Caes. II. to unite together by oath. A. 
Gen., barbari conjuraxe,ob8ideainterscdarecoep- 
criint, Caes.; with ace. and iiitm.", per suos priu- 
cipes inter se conjurant nihil nisi communi con- 
silio acturos, Caes. B. Esp. to plot, conspire; 
conjurasse supra scptem millia virorum nc muli- 
cruin, Liv. ; with cum and the abl., or with 
inter se; ii, quibuscum conjurasti, Cic. ; pre- 
cipes inter se conjurant, Sail. ; with adversus 
or contra and the ace, contra rempublicam, 
Cie. ; adversus patriam, Liv. ; with de and the 
abl., de interllciendo Pompejo, Cic. ; with ill 
and the ace, cum aliquo in oinne flagitium et 
facintu, Liv. ; with inlin., patriam incendere, 
Sail. ; with ut and subj., urbem ut incenderent, 

conjux (conjunx) -jugis, c. (conjungo), 1, 
sjt"iise, wife, Cic. ; more rarely, husband, Cic. ; 
pi. a married jnir, Cat. ; 2, poet, a betrothed 
virgin, bride, Verg. ; a concubine, Prop. 

conl . . . . = coll .... (q.v.). 

conm . . . = coinm. . . (q.v.). 

connecto -nexttl -nexum, 3. to fasten, tie to- 
gethtr, connect, unite. A. Lit. illne (apes) ped- 
ibus connexae ad limina pendent, Verg. B. 
Transf., 1, of space, Mosellam atque Ararim 
facta, inter utrumque fossa, Tac. ; 2. of time, 
pcrscquere connexos his funeribus dies, close- 
following, Cie. ; 3, to unite ; amicitia cum volupt- 
nte connectitnr, Cic. ; esp. a, to unite in dis- 
course ; facilius est enim apta dissolvere quam 
dissipata connectere, Cic. ; b, of logical con- 
nexion, omne quod ipsum ex se connexum sit 
veruni esse, Cic. ; c, of relationship; alicui 
connexus per affinitatem, Tac. ; partic. pert", 
subst., connexum -i, n. logical conclusion. 

1. connexus -as, in. (connecto), connexion, 
Union, Cie. 

2. connexus -a -um, partic. of connecto. 
connitor -nfena or -nixus sum, 3. dep. A. 

Lit., 1, to lean or push, against with violence; 
valido eonnjxn.s corpora taurqs, Cic. poet,; 2 # 

to climb up; in summuiii jugum, Caes.; 3, to 
bring forth; gemellus, Verg. B. Transf., to 
strife with all one's might; with abl., quantum 
aniino conniti potes, Cic.; with i" and the ace., 
in unum locum connixi, Liv.; with ad and the 
ace, ad convincendum eum, Tac. ; with inlin., 
invadere hoatem, Liv.; with ut and the subj., 
infantes coniiitnntiir, sese ut erigaut, Cic. 

conniveo -nivi or -nixi, 2. to close the eyes, 
Ui wink, I/link with the eyes. A. Lit., oeulis 
BOiiino conniventibus, Cie. ; altero oculo. Cic. ; - 
poet., of the sun or moon, quasi comment, 
Lucr. B. Trans!'., to wink at, let pass unnoticed; 
consulibus si non adjuvantibus, at connivent- 
ibus certe, Cic. ; with in and the abl., qui- 
busdam etiain in rebus conniveo, Cic. 

connubialls -e (connubiuni),' relating to 
marriage, connubial, Ov. 

connubium -ii, n. (com and nubo), 1 ? a. 
a legal Herman, marriage; sequuntur connubia et 
aftinitates, Cic. ; poet., marriage in general, 
Pyrrhi connubia aervare, Verg. ; b, intercourse, 
Ov.; 2, the. right of intermarriage ; connubiuni 
tinitiiiiis negare, Liv. (in poets often trisyll., 
uoimubjo, Verg., Acn. i. 73, \ ii. 90). 

Cdnon -Ollis, III. (Kopwv), 1, MM Athenian 
general; 2, mat he ma lie inn and astronomer of 
Sa mos. 

conopeum -i, n. (Kwi/wn-eioi ■) oi conopium 
-ii, n. a net to keep off gnats or mosguitoes, Hor. 

Conor, 1. dep. to undertake, endeavour, at- 
tempt, exert oneself strive; with ace, opus mag- 
num, Cie; with infill., facere id quod const itu- 
erant, Caes.; ii qui haec delere conati sunt, Cic. 

conp . . . = conni . . . (q.v.). 

conquassatio -onis, f. (conquasso), a vio- 
lent shaking, Shattering ; totius valet udinis cor- 
poris, Cic. 

Conquasso, 1. to shake thoroughly, shatter; 
qtuiin Apulia niaximis terrac motions conquass- 
atn esset, Cic; transf, conquassatas cxterac 
nationes illius anni furore, Cic. 

conqueror -quest us, 3. dep. to bewail or 
complain loudly; fortunas suns, Plant.; bon- 
orura direptiones, Cic. ; de istius improbitate, 

conqucstio -onis, f. (conqueror), a loud 
complaint, bewailing; ubi nullum auxilium est, 
nulla conquestio, Cie; in rhet., conqucstio cat 
oratio auditoruin misericordiani captans, Cic. 

conquestus, abl. -u, m. (conqueror), u loud 
complaint, Liv. 

conquiesco -qulevi -quietum, 3. to rest 
thoroughly, take rest, repose. A. to rest bodily; 
videmus ut conquiescere ne infantes quideni 
possint, Cic ; haec (impedimenta) couquiescero 
vetuit, to rest from a march, Caes. ; conquiescere, 
ineridie, tosleep, Caes. B. to be still, (fillet, to take 
repose, stop; a, inibre couquiesceute, Liv. ; eon- 
quiescit mercatorum navigatio, is stopped, Cic. ; 
conquiescere a continuis bellis et victoriis, Cic. ; 
b, to find rest or recreation in ; in nostris stnd- 
iis libt'iitissime conquiescinius, Cic. 

conquiro -qufeivi -qulsitum, 3. (com and 
quaero), to seek for, to bring together, to collect, 
get together. A. Lit., sagittarios, Caes. ; colonos 
Cic. ; pecuniani, Cic. ; aliquem tota provincial, 
Cic. B. Transf., voluptatem conquirere et com. 
parnre, Cie; sok-bat mecuin interdum eiuamodi 
aliquid conquirere, Cic. (contr, fnt. perf. form, 
conquislerit, Cie). 

COnquisitio -onis, f. (conquaero), 1. search, 
collection; iiecuuiaruui, Tac; tnlium liorornm, 
Liv. ; 2, a pressing or forcible enlistment of 
soldiers, conscription ; exercitus, durissirna CO'[: 
quisitione confeqtiiH, Ojc 




Cdhquisitor -oris, m. (conquiro), a recruiting 
Officer, Cic 

conquisitus -a -um, p. adj. with superl. 
(conquiro), sought after, selected, chosen, costly, 
2>recious; mensas conquisitissimis epuljto ex- 
struere, Cic. 

com- . . .— corr . . . (q.v.). 

consaepio -saepsi, -saeptum, 4. to fence 
round, to hedge in, Suet. ; gen., partic, con- 
saeptus -a -um, fenced round ; ager, Cic. ; 
subst., consaeptum -i, n. an inclosure, Liv. 

consalutatio -onis, f. (consaluto), a saluta- 
tion of several persons; forensis, Cic. 

Consaluto, 1. to greet together, hail, salute; 
inter se amicissiine, Cic; with double ace, 
aliquem dictatorem, Liv. ; earn Volumniam, Cic. 

consanesco -sanili, 3. to become healthy, to 
get well ; ilia quae consanuisse videbantur, Cic. 

consanguine us -a -uin, related by blood, 
brotherly, sisterly; umbrae, Ov. Subst, con- 
sanguineus -i, m. brother, Cic. ; consan- 
guine a -ae, f. sister, Cat. ; plur., consan- 
guine! -orum, m. relations; Aedui Ambarri 
necessarii et consanguinei Aeduorum, Caes. ; 
transf., consanguineus Leti Sopor, V'erg. 

consanguinitas atis, i. (consanguineus), 
relationship by blood, consanguinity, Liv. 

consaucio, 1. to wound severely, Suet. 

consceleratus -a -am, p. adj. witli superl. 
(conscelero), wicked, villainous, depraved; con- 
sceleratissimi iilii, Cic. ; transf. of things, mens, 

Cic - 
conscelero, 1. tn defile with crime ; miseram 

doniuin, Cat. ; oculos videndo, Ov. ; aures 

patt'ruas, Liv. 

conscendo -scendi -scensum, 3. (com and 
scando). A. 'o ascend, mount, go up; with ace, 
equum, to 'mount on horseback, Liv. ; vallum, 
Caes. ; aeqnor navibus, Verg. ; with in and the 
arc., in eqnos, Ov. B. Naut. t. t., to go on 
board ship, embark; witli in and the ace, in 
navem, Caes.; witli ace, navem, Caes.; absol., 
to embark ; conscendere a Brundisio, Cic. 

consoenslo -onis, f. (conscendo), an embark- 
ing, embarkation ; in naves, Cic. 

conscientia -ae, f. (conscio). I, A. a joint, 
knowledge with some other person, being privy to ; 
horiini omnium, Cic; conjurationis, Tac. ; eius- 
modi facinorum, Cic; absol. conseientiap con- 
tagio, Cic ; aliquein in Conscientiam assumeiv, 
Tac II. knowledge in oneself. A. Gen., virinm 
nostrarum ae. suarum, Liv. ; absol., nostra 
Mahilis conscientia, Cic B. consciousness of 
right or 'wrong ; a, conscientia bene actae vitae, 
Cic; scelerumet fraudum. suarum, Cic. ; ex nulla 
conscientia de culpa, Sail.; b, conscience ; animi 
conscientia excruciari, Cic. ; praeclara con- 
scientia, Cic ; absol., (a) a good conscience; niea 
mihi conscientia plurisest quain omnium sermo, 
Cic; (0), a bad conscience; angor conscientiae, 
Cic ; conscientia ictus, Liv. 

conscindo -scidi -scissuni, 3. to tear or rend 
in pieces. I. Lit., epistolam, Cic. II. Transf., 
conscissi sibilis, hissed at, Cic 

conscio, 4. to be conscious of guilt; nil con- 
scire sibi, Hor. 

conscisco -scivi and -scli -scltum, 3. 1, to 
agree on, resolve publicly, decree, Cic ; bellum, 
Liv. ; 2, to bring or inflict upon oneself, inflict 
upon ; sibi mortem, or simply mortem, necem, 
to kill oneself, Cic; sibi exsilium, Liv. (syncop. 
perfect forms eonscisse, Liv. ; conscisset, Cic). 

conscius -a -um (com and oclo), 1, having 
joint or common knowledge with another, privy 
to, cognisaiit of; with genit., homo meorum in 

te studiorum et ofliciorum maxime conscius 1 ) 
Cic; conjurationis, conspirator. Sail.; poet., 
conscia fati sidera, Verg. ; alicui coiiscium esse 
facinoris, Tac. ; witli dat., Conscius facinori, Cic. ; 
with in and the abl., conscitis in privatis rebus, 
Cic; with de and the abl., his de rebus consciuni 
esse Pisonem, Cic. ; absol., sine tillo conscio, 
Cic. ; 2, conscious to oneself! ft, With genit., si 
alicuius in.juriaesibicoiuicins ftiisset, Cic. ; with 
ace. and infill., etsi mihi sum conscius me nimis 
cupidum fuisse vitae, Cic. ; absol., couscii sibi, 
Sail.; poet., virtus conscia, Verg.; b, esp., 
conscious of guilt ; animus, Sail. 

consoriblllo, 1. (dim. of conscribo), to 
scribble or scraivl all over, Varr. ; transf., nates, 
to mark with bloody weals, Cat. 

conscribo -scripsi -scriptum, 3. to write 
together. I. A. 1, milit. t. t., to enrol, levy ; ex- 
ercitus, Cic; legiones.Caes.; 2, politic 1. 1., a, to 
enrol in a particular class ; centuriae tres equit- 
um conacriptae sunt, Liv. ; Collinam (tribum) 
novam delectu perditissimorum civiuin eon- 
scribebat, Cic. ; b, to enrol as a senator; hence 
the phrase, patres conscripti (for patres et cun- 
scripti), senators, Cic ; sing., a setiator, Hor.; c, 
to enrol as colonists, Liv. B. 1, to put together in 
writing, write, compose; librum de consulatu, 
Cic; epistolam, legem, Cic; absol., to write a 
letter; de Antonio quoque Balbus ad me cum 
Oppio conscripsit, Cic. ; 2, esp. of physicians, 
to prescribe ; pro salutaribus mortifera, Cic. 
II. to write all over ; lnensam vino, Ov. 

conscriptio -onis, f. (conscribo), a writing, 
composition, written paper ; falsae conscriptiones 
quaestionum, forged minutes, Cic. 

consoriptus -a -um, partic. of conscribo. 

conseco -secfii -scctum, 1. to cut in small 
pieces, dismemle,- ; lnembra fratris, Ov. 

consecratio -onis, f. (oonsecro), 1, a, a 
consecration ; aedium, Cic; b, a dedication to 
the infernal gods, execration, curse ; capitis, Cic. ; 
2, deification of the emperors, apotheosis, Tac 

ConsScro, (eonsacro), 1. I. A. to conse- 
crate, to dedicate to the service of a god ; totam 
Siciliam Cereri, Cic ; diem adventus alicuius, 
make a feast-day, Liv. B. to consecrate to the 
gods below, to curse; quum caput eius, qui con- 
tra feoerit, conseeratur, Cic. II. A. to deify, 
elevate tn divine honours ; Liber quern nostri 
ma.jores ennseeravernnt, Cic ; of the emperors, 
c.onsecraiv. Clau-.'.ium, Suet. B. Transf., to make 
holy ; Vetera jam ista et religione omnium con- 
secrata, Cic C. to make immortal ; amplissimis meinoriam noiuinis sui, Cic 

conaectarius -a -um (consector), following 
logiadly, consequent, Cic Subst., consectaria 
-orum, n. Ingiml conclusions, inferences, Cic. 

consectatio -onis, f. (consector), the eager 
pursuit of anything, desire, effort, striving after; 
concinnitatis, Cic. 

consectatrix -icis, f. (conseotabor), an 
eager pursuer, devoted friend ; consectatrices vol- 
uptatis libidines, Cic. 

consectio -onis, f. (conseco), o cutting up, 
cleaving to pieces; arborum, Cic. 

consector, 1. dep. (freq. of consequor). I. 
A. Lit., to follow, pursue eagerly, Ter. ; tardi in- 
genii est rivulos consectan, fontes rerum non 
videre, Cic. B. Transf., to pursue zealously, 
strive after, try to imitate or gain ; opes ant pot- 
entiam, Cic; ubertatem orationis, Cic; vitium 
de industria, Cic. II. to follow hostilely, pursue; 
redeuntes equites, Caes. ; aliquem et conviciis et 
sibilis, Cic. 

conaccutio -r.nis, f. (consequor), 1, philo- 
soph. t t., that which follows, an, effect, conse- 




qncnce ; causas reruin et conseciitiones videre, 
Cic; 2, rhet. 1. 1., order t connexion, arrangement; 
verborum, Cic. 

consenesco -sOufli, 3. I. to become oW, 
grow grey; line o;»sa, 0\'. II. In a bad sense, 
to become old, to hue one's strength, to decay. A. 
Lit., 1, of persons, insontcm, indeiunatnm in 
exsiliooonsenescere, Liv.; consenescereiuSiciliS 
suli minis, Uy.J 2, of bodily strength, to decay; 
consenesount vires atqtte deficiunt, Cic. B. 
Transf., 1, in vidia liabet repentinos impetus, in- 
terposlto spatioctcognita causa consonesei (,(''('.; 
2, in politics, to lux power; illius jxt: tia 
nuctoics ac socios nullo adversario consencscerc, 

consensu) -onis, f. (consentio). A. Gen., 
agreement, harmony, consent; a, of persons, 
omnium gentium, Cic; nulla de illis magis- 
tratuum consensio, Cic. ; b, of tilings, har- 
mony ; naturae, Cic. B. In a bad sense, a plot, 
conspiracy; consensio scelerata, Cic. 

consensus -us, in. (consentio). I. agree- 
ment, unanimity, concord, agreement; a, of per- 
sons, omnium, Cic. ; optimus in rempublicam 
consensus, Cic. ; abl., consensu, unanimously, 
by general consent ; resistere, Liv. ; b, of tilings, 
mirus quidam omnium quasi consensus doc- 
trinannn concentusque, Cic. H. a secret agree- 
ment, conspiracy; consensus audacium, Cic. 

consentaneous -a -uin (consentio), agreeing 
to, agreeable with, consonant with, fit, suitable; 
cum iis litteris, Cic; gen. with dat., Stoicorum 
rationi, Cic; impers., consentaneum est, with 
iulin. or ace and infin., it agrees,- is reasonable, 
suitable, Cic. 

Con3entes Dii, the advisers, the twelve 
superior deities of the Romans — viz., Jupiter, 
Juno, Vesta, Ceres, Diana, Minerva, Venus, Mars, 
Mercurius, Xeptunus, Vulcanus, Apollo, Varr. 

Consentia -ae, f. a town in Bruttii, now 
Consen:a. Adj., Consentlnus -a -11111. 

consentio -sens) -sensum, 4. to agree. I. 
Lit., of persons. A. Gen., to agree, to assent, 
to resolve unanimously ; absol., animi consent. - 
ientes, Cic. ; with dat or cum and the abl., 
conse.ntire superioribus jndiciis, Cic; cum 
popnli Romani volnntatibns consentiant, Cic. ; 
with de or in and the abl., Cic. ; ad with the 
ace, Cic; adversus with the ace., Liv.; cum 
aliquo dealiqufire, Cic ; with aec, Cic; bellnm, 
to resolve upon war, Liv.; with aec. and iulin. 
or inlin. alone, Cic. B. to plot, conspire, farm 
an unlawful union; ad prcdendom Rannibali 
urbem, Liv. ; belli facicudi causa, Cic II. 
Transf., of inanimate objects, to agree, har- 
monise ; ratio nostra consentit, Cic ; prcs. 
partic, consentiens -entis, harmonious; con- 
Rentiens popnli Romani uuiveisi voluntas, Cic. 

consepio = consaeplo (q.v.). 

consequens -quentis, p. adj. (consequor), 
a, grammat. t. t., appropriate, of the right con- 
struction; in conjunctia (verbis) quod non est 
consequens vituperandum est, Cic; b, philo- 
soph. t. t.. fallowing logiadhj, consequent; con- 
sequens est, it follows as a laglc/tl Consequence, 
Cic. Subst, consequens -quentis, n. a logical 

COnsrq'Li "llrr, CiC 

conscquentia -ae, f. (consequor), ft eo?i- 
seqnenef, succession; oventorum, Cic. 

conscquia -ae, f.= consequentia (q.v.). 

consequor -sequtltus (-secutus), 3. dep. to 
follow, go after. I. Gen., A. Lit., 1, aliquem 
vestigiis, on foot, Cic; Z, to pursue; consequi 
statim Ilasdrnbalem, Liv. B. Transf, 1, to 
follow in point of time; mors, quae brevi conse- 
cuta est, Cic; quia libertateni pax conseqne- 
batur> Cic ; 2, a, to follow as an effect or con- 

sapience, result from; quain corilill o|liitioiiCIIl 

magni errores cousecnti sunt, Cic. ; b, to follow 
as a logical consequence; lit eliani quod COIISC- 
quitur necessarium, Cic. ; 3, tofoUoivTa particn- 
lAr object or example; consequi siiuni quoddam 
instifutuin, Cic' II. to come up to by following, 
attain to, reach, obtain. A. Lit., 1, si statim 
navigns, nos Lettcade consequent, Cic ; 2, to 
come up with in pursuit, overtake; . reliquos 
onines cquitatu, Cues. B. Transf., 1, to attain 
to, obtain, get; cuius vei tantac tamquo difficilis 
facultatem consecutum esse me non proiiteor; 
seculinn esse, prac me fero, Cic. ; opes quant 
maximas, Cic. ; aiitplissimos ftonores, Cic. ; 
fructum autplissiinuiu ex rcipublicae causa, 
Cic; omnia per senatum, Cic; fortitudinis 
gloriam insidits c.t malitia, Cic ; foil, by til or 
11c with the subj., Cic; 2, of objects, events, 
to befall, happen to; tanta prosperitas Caesnreni 
est consecuta, Cic; 3, to come up to in any 
respect, to equal; a, verborum prope numeruin 
sententiaruin numero, Cic; b, esp., to express 
adequately in words ; alieuius laudes verbis, Cic. ; 
4, to come up to in speech or thought, to understand, 
grasp; similitudinem veri, Cic. 

1. consero -sevi -situni, 3. 1, to sow, plant ; 
a, lit., agros, Cic. ; b, transf., lumine arva (of 
the sun), to cover, Lucr.; 2, to plant, place in; 
arborein, Liv. 

2. consero -semi -sertum, 3. I. Gen., to 
connect, tie, join, twine together; lorica conserta 
hamisverg.; exodia cotnserere fabellis potissim- 
uni Atellanis, Liv. II. to join in a. hostile, 
manner. A. Milit. t. t., manum or mantis con- 
serere, to engage, Cic ; cum aliquo, Cic ; inter 
se, Sail.; conserere pugnam,. Liv. ; proelium, 
Liv. ; tiavis conseritur, the ship is engaged, Liv. ; 
absol., conserere cum levi armatura, Liv. B. 
Legal t. t., aliquem ex jure manum eoiisertum 
vocare, to commence an action concerning property 
by laying hands un it, ap. Cic. 

conserte, adv. (consertus from 2. consero), 

connectedly, Cic 

conserva -ae, f. a fellow-servant, Plant. ; 
transf., conservae fores, in the same service, Ov. 

conservans -antis, p. adj. (conservo), pre- 
serving; Willi genit., ea quae conservantia stint 
eins status, Cic. 

conservatio -onis, f. (conservo), a preserva- 
tion, keeping, laying up; a, lVugum, Cic ; b, 
observing, observance; aequabilitatis, Cic 

conservator -oris, m. (conservo), a pre- 
server; inimicornm, Cic ; reipublicae, Cic 

conservatrix -Tcis, f. (conservo), she who 
preserves; naturn, Cic (?) 

conservo, l. to keep, preserve, maintain; a, 
of concrete objects, cives suos, Cic. ; onines 
salvos, Cic. ; rempublicam, Cic. ; rem familiar- 
em, Cic ; b, of abstract objects, to preserve, 
maintain, observe.; pristinum aninmni, Liv.; 
jusjtirandum, to keep, Cic. 

conservus -i, m. a fellow slave, servant, Cic. 

consessor -oris, in. (consido), one who siis 
near or with, in a court of justice, an assessor, 
Cic. ; a neighbour at a feast or spectacle, Cic. 

consessus -us, in. (consido), oh assembly (of 
persons sitting together) ; in ludo talario, Cic. ; 
praeconum, Cic. ; lttdomm gladiatorttmque, Cic; 
plur., consessus theatrales gladiatoriiqne, Cic 

considerate, adv., with compar. and 
sttperl. (considerntus), thoughtfully, carefully; 
agere, Cic. 

considcratio-Onis, f. (considero), considera- 
tU 1, contemplation, thought, reflection; consider- 
ationem intnndere in aliquid, Cic 

conslderatus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. 




tacl super! (considero), a, pass., thoroughly con- 
sidered, well weighed, deliberate; verbuin, Cic. ; 
eonsiderata atquc pro'visa via vivendi, Cic. ; b, 
act., of persons, cautious, wary, circumspect; 
homo, Cic. 

considero, 1. (com and root SlG, con- 
nected with BIAfi, IAfJ, VlD-eo)i A. Lit., 
to look at, regard carefully, conteiiiphUe ; coil^ 
siderare opus pictoris, Cic. B. Transf:, lo con- 
sider, weigh, reflect upon; with secuill, CU111 
auiiuo suo, secuin in animo ; eonsiderare secum 
«os casus, in quibus, etc., Cic. ; with rel. scat, 
consideres quid agas, Cic. ; with de and the 
abl. , nunc de praemiis cousidereinus, Cic. ; absol., 
ille (ait) se eonsiderare velle, Cic. 

consido -sedi -sessum, 3. neut. I. Lit., to 
sit down. A. Of persons, hie in umbra, Cic; in 
inolli lierba, Cic. ; esp., 1, to sit down in a jmb- 
lic assembly or court of justice ; utprimum. indices 
consederant, Cic; ad jus dicendum, Liv.; 2, 
.unlit, t. t., a, to take up one's position; 
sub vexillis considebant siuistro crure porrecto, 
Liv.; in insidiis, Liv.; b, more commonly, to 
stop, encamp; considere non longius mille pass- 
ibus a nostris munitionibus, Caes. ; 3, to stay, 
and of passengers on board ship, to land; hie 
an Antii, Cic ; Tarquiniis, Liv. B. Of things, 
to fall to the ground, settle, sink, subside ; quae 
(Alpes) jam licet considant, Cic. ; Ilion ardebat 
neque adhuc consederat ignis, Ov. II. Transf., 
A. Of persons, considere in otio, to rest, Cic. ; 
totani videmus consedisse urbem luctu, sunk in 
grief, Verg. B. Of things, 1, to stop, cease ; ardor 
animi cousedit, Cic; 2, to fall into neglect; 
conscdit utriusque nomen in quaestura, Cic. 

consigno, 1. 1, to seal, to affix a seal as an 
authentication; tabulas siguis, Cic. ; 2, to vouch 
for, authenticate ; aliquid litteris, Cic; transf., 
antiquitas clarissimis monumentis testata cou- 
signataque, Cic. 

consiliarius -a -urn (consilium), relating to 
counsel, deliberating ; senatus, Plaut. Subst., 
consiliarius -ii, m. an adviser, an assessor, 
assistant judge; consiliario et auctore Vestorio, 
Cic. ; dari alicui consiliarium atque administrum, 
Cic. ; consiliarii regis, Cic. 

conciliator -Oris, m. (consilior), counsellor, 
adviser, Phaedr. 

consilior, 1. dep. (consilium), to hold a con- 
sultation, consult, take counsel; diftleilis ad con- 
siliandum legatio, Cic. 

consilium -ii, n. (connected with consnlo). 
I. Act., A. 1, lit., a delibcratian,\considtation, 
taking counsel; consilium principum habere, to 
hold a consultation witlt the chiefs, Liv. ; quasi 
consilii sit res, as if the matter allowed of con- 
sideration, Caes. ; consiliis intercsse, Cic. ; esp. 
the deliberation of a public body ; consilii pub- 
lic! participein fieri, Cie.; consilium habere, Cic; 
adesse alicui in consilio, Cic. ; 2, meton., the 
assembly of persons giving advice, council; esp., 
a, the senate; senatus, id est, orbis terrae con- 
silium, Cic ; b, the body of judges; ex senatu 
in hoc consilium delecti estis, Cic. ; c, a council 
of war ; consilium convocare, Caes. ; rem ad 
consilium deferre, Caes. B. understanding, fore- 
sight, prudence; vir maximi consilii, Caes.; 
mulier imbecilli consilii, Cic. II. Pass., the ad- 
vice or counsel given; a resolution, plan, conclu- 
sion; 1, a. capero consilium, to form a resolu- 
tion, Cic. ; belli renovandi, Caes. ; subito consili- 
um cepi, ut antequain luceret exirein, Cic. ; con- 
silium consistit, holds good, Cic. ; est consilium, 
foil, by infin., Cic; quid sui consilii sit pro- 
ponit, he explains what his plan is, Caes. ; inire 
•consilium senatus interflciendi, Cic; abl., con- 
silio, intentionally, designedly, Cic; privato con- 
•silio, privatis consiliis (opp. publico consilio, 

publicis consiliis), in the interests of private 
persons, Cic; b, milit. t. t., stratagem, device; 
consilium imperatoriuiu, Cic; 2, advice, sug- 
gestion ; alicui consilium dare, Cic; cgere con- 
silii or consilio, Cic. 

consimilis -e, like in all parts, exactly 
similar; with genit, causa consimilis caruiu 
cnusarum quae, etc., Cic. ; with dat., consimilis 
fugae profectio, Caes.; absol., laue, Cic. 

consipio, 3. (com and sapio), to be in one's 
senses, to have possession of one's faculties, Liv. 

consisto -stiti, 3. to put oneself in any 
place. I. Gen., to take one's stand, place one- 
self. A. Lit., 1, of persons, consistere ad 
mensam, Cic ; hi proximi coustitcre, . Liv. ; 
esp. a, as a listener, tota in ilia contioue Italia 
eonstitit, Cic; b, milit. t. t., to place oneself 
for battle, take one's place ; lie saucio quidem 
eius loci, ubi constiterat, relinquendi facultas 
dabatur, Cic; 2, of dice, to fall; quadring- 
entis talis centum Venerios nou posse casu con- 
sistere, Cic. B. Transf., to agree with ; videsne 
igitur Zenonem tuum cum Aristonc verbis 
consistere, re djssidere, Cic II. Esp. to stand 
still. A. to stop>, halt; 1, lit., a, of persons, 
consistite ! Ov. ; consistere et commorari cogit, 
Cic; esp., (a) to stop for conversation ; viatores 
etiain invitos consistere cogunt, Caes. ; (fi) to 
stop in wonder, curiosity, etc.; bestiao saepe im- 
maues cantu flectuntur et consistunt, Cic. ; 
(y) milit. t. t., to halt; prope liostem, Caes.; 
(5) of travellers, fugitives, etc., to halt, stop, stay ; 
consistere unum diemVeliae, Cic; b, of things, 
vel concidat oinne caelum omnisque natura con- 
sistat necesse est, Cic. ; esp. of water, to stop 
still; ter frigore eonstitit Ister, froze, Ov. ; 2, 
transf., a, to stop, dwell in speech ; in uno nom- 
ine, Cic; b, to rest, cease; quum ad Trebiam 
terrestre constitisset .helium, Liv. ; c, to rest, 
fall upon ; in quo (viro) non modo culpa nulla, 
sed ne suspicio quidem potuit consistere, Cic; 
d, to consist, to be formed of; major pars victus 
eoruin in lacte, caseo, came consistit, Caes. 
B, 1, to stand firmly, keep one's ground, foot- 
ing ; in fluctibus, Caes. ; vertice celso aerjae 
quercus constiterunt, were firmly rooted, Verg.; 
2, transf., a, to keep one's ground, to hold one's 
own; in forensibus causis praeehire, Cic; b, 
to be firm; neque mens, neque vox neque lingua 
consistit, Cic. 

consitio -6nis,f. (consero), asowing, planting; 
plur., different kinds of sowing or planting, Cic. 

consltor -oris, m. (consero), a soiver, planter; 
uvae, Bacchus, Ov. 

consitura -ae, f. (consero), asowing, plant- 
ing; agri, Cic 

consobrinus -i, m. and consobrina -ae, 
f. cousin on the mother's side, Cic.-; cousin, Cic. ; 
and in a more extended sense, second, third 
cousin, Suet. 

consocer -cen, in. a joint father-in-law, Suet. 

consociatio -onis, f. (consocio), union, con- 
nexion, association ; hominuni, Cic. 

consociatus -a -um, p. adj. (from consocio), 
united, harmonious ; consociatissinia voluntas, 

consocio, 1. to unite, connect, share, associate, 
make common; consilia cum aliquo, Cic; inju- 
riam cum nmicis, Cic; aninios oorum, Liv. J 
nunquam tain veheinentcr cum senatu con- 
sociati fuistis, Cic 

consolabills -e (consolor), consolable; dol- 
or, Cic. 

COnsolatlO -onis, f. (consolor), consolation, 
encouragement, comfort, alleviation; 1, commun- 
ium malorum, Cic. ; tiinoris, Cic. ; adhibere ali- 
quani modicaui consolationero, Cic;-adhiber« 




alicUl consolatiotietn, Cic. ; mini ine una consol- 
atlo suatentat qlltid, etc., Cic ; uti liac consola- 
tione alicuius (roll, by ace. and inlin.), Cic. ; 2, 
o consolatory tredtise or discourse, Cic 

consolator -oris, m. (consolor), a consoler, 

consolatorlus -a -um (consolator), relating 
to consolation, consolatory ; litterae, Cic. 

consolor, I. dep. 1, of persons, to console, 
comfort, to ( n courage ; se illo solatio quoit, etc., 
Cie. ; so his (foil, by ace. ami inlin.), Cic ; ali- 
quem de communibus miseriis, Cic. ; spes sola 
homines hi miseriis consolari solet, Cic; absol., 
cousolaudo levare dulorein, Cic ; Caesar con- 
solatus rogat (eum) finem oiandi faciat, Caes. ; 
2, of things, to alleviate, liqhten, solace; tlolorem, 

consdno -sontti, 1. 1, to sound together, 
sound loudly ; a, consonnnte clamore nominatim 
Quinctinm orare at, etc., Liv.; b, toecho ; plansu 
freinituque virum consonat onine nenius, Verg. ; 
2, transl'., to harmonise, agree, be consonant villi, 

consftnus -3 -um. A. Lit., sounding to- 
gether, harmonious; fila lyrae, Ov. B. Transf., 
accordant, fit, suitable; credo Platonem vix 
putasse satis consonum fore at, etc., Cic. 

consop?o, 4. to lull to sleep, stupefy; somno 
consopiri sempiterno, Cic. ; Bndymion a lima 
consopitus, Cic. 

censors -sortis, 1, having an- equal share 
with, sharing in, partaking of; with genit., 
socius et consols gloriosi laboris, Cic ; mecum 
temporuni illorum, Cic. ; tribuniciae potestatis, 
Tac; applied to inanimate objects, common; 
tecta, Verg. ; 2, having an equal share in pro- 
perty ; tres fratres consnrtes, tenants in common, 
Cic; poet., brother or sister,; consors magni 
Jovis, Juno, Ov. ; adj. = brotherly, sisterly; 
sanguis, Ov. 

consortlo -finis, f. (consors), companion- 
ship, community, partnership ; Jiuinaiia, Cic 

consortium -li, n. (consors), 1, rommvnity 
of goods, Suet. ; 2. fellowship, part Icijxit ion in; 
si in consortio, si in societats reipublicae esse 
licet, Liv. 

1. conspectus -a -um, p. adj. (from con- 
spicio). A. Gen., visible; tumulus hosti con- 
spectus, Liv. B. (with rompar.) striking, re- 
markable, distinguished ; conspectus elatusque 
supra moilum hominis, Liv. ; conspecta mors 
eius fuit, quia publico fiinere est elatns, Liv. ; 
tnrta conspectior, Liv. 

'2. conspectus -us, ni. (conspiclo), look, 
sight, vino. I. Act., A. Lit., dare se alioui in 
conspectum, to allow oneself to If seen, hy, Cic.; 

in conspectn alicuius, to be within sight of, 
Cic. ; n conspectn abirc, Cues. ; adulters con- 
spectum oculurum, Liv.; cadere in conspectum, 
Cic ; conspectus est in Capitolium, the view is 

towanls the. Capitol, Liv.; conspectum nlicu * 
fngere, Caes. ; privare aliqnero omnium suoru n 
consuetudine conspectuque, Cic. ; of things, in 
conspectn alicuius loci, in sight of Cic B. 
Transf., mental view, survey; in hoc conspectn 
et cognitionc naturae, Cic II. Pass., appear- 
ance, Liv. A. Lit., conspectn suo proelium 
restituit, Liv. B. Meton., tuns jncundissfanus 
conspectus, Cic. 

oonspergo (con-spargo), -spersi -spersum, 3. 
to sprinkle, moisten by sprinkling ; me Incrimis, 
Cic. ; transf., ut oratio conspenw ait quasi verb- 
ornm sententiaruinqne floribus, interspersed 
with, Cic. 

conspiolendus -a -um, p. adj. (from 
conspiiin), worthy of bring seen, noteworthy ; 
opus, Liv. ; teiuplnm, Ov. 

conspiclo -spcxi -spectuni, 3. (co..i and 
specio), 1, to look at, view, behold, to descry, per- 
ceive; conspicerc nostros equites, Caes. ; in fastis 
OCUlia omnium COIlspici, Cic. ; indites in sunniio 
code, Caes. ; procul Ambiorigein suos cohortant* 
em, Caes. ; with ace and infin., calones qui 
nostros victores flunien transisse conspexerant, 
Caes.; 2, to look at with attention; Demetrium 
ut pacis auctorein cum ingenti favore ennspicie- 
bant, Liv. ; locum insidiis, for an ambush, Verg.; 
in pass., conspici, to attract notice, to be gazed at, 
to be distinguished; vein per urbem, conspici 
velle, Cic 

consplcor, 1. dep. (conspicio), to catch sight 
of, perceive ; ngtneu Aeduoruin, Caes. ; ex oppido 
caedem et fugam suoruni, Caes. 

conspL'-iius -a -um (conspicio), visible. A. 
Gen., conspicuus polus, Ov. B. remarkable, 
striking, conspicuous; conspicuus late vertex, 
Hor. ; Romania conspicnum eum novitas diviti- 
aeqne faciebant, Liv. 

conspi ratio -finis, f. (conspiro), 1, unison, 
harmony, agreement, union ; omnium bonorum, 
Cic ; magna amoris conspiration consentientes 
amicoruin greges, Cic. ; 2, in a tad sense, ron- 
spiracy, plot; conspiratio certoruui hominum 
contra dignitatem tuam, Cic 

conspiratus -a -um (partic. of conspiro), 
sworn together, united by an oath, Phaedr. Subst., 
COnspirati -ornm, m. conspirators, Suet. 

conspiro, 1. (com and spiro), to breathe 
together. I. A. to blow together, sound together ; 
aereaque assensu conspirant cornna ranco, Verg. 
B. to agree, harmonise in opinion and feeling, 
to unite; conspirate nobiscum, consentite cum 
bonis, Cic. ; indites legionis nonae subito eon- 
spirati (with one accord) pila conjecerunt, Cic 
II. In a bad sense, to conspire, to form a plot ; 
priusquam plures civitates eonspirarent, Caes. 

consponsor -oris, m. a joint surety, Cic 

conspuo -spfli •sputum, 3. to spit upon, 
Plant., Jttv. 

oonspurco, 1. to cover with dirt, ihfile, Luer. 

consputo, 1. (inehoat. of conspuo), to spit 
upon contemptuously ; nostros, Cic 

constans -antis, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (consto), a, steady, firm, unchanging, 
immovable, constant; quae cursus constantes 
habent, Cic; pax, Liv.; tides, Hor.; constans 
jam aeta.s, quae media dieitur, Cic.; b, of 
character, firm, resolute, unchanging, constant; 
sunt igitnv llnni et stabiles et constantes (aniici) 
nligendi, Cic; o, consistent, harmonious; oratio, 
Cic; d, uniform, unanimous; constant! fama 
atque omnium sennono celcbrari, Cic 

constanter, adv. with compar. and superl. 
(constans), a, firmly, consistently, constantly ; 
constanter in suo manere statu, Cic; constanter 
et noii tiepide pugnare, Caes.; constanter et sed- 
ate ferre dolorem, Cic. ; b, uniformly, harmoni- 
ously ; constanter omnes nuntiaverunt mains 
cogi, Caes. ; constanter sibi dicere, Cic 

constantia -ac, f. (constans), a, unchange- 
ahleness ; diotorum conventommqne constantia, 
Cic; b, perseverance, firmness; pertinacia ant 
constantia intercessoris, Cic; c, agreement, har- 
mony ; testimoniorum, Cic. 

consternatio -6nis, f. (consterno), 1, fear, 
dismay, consternation, confusion; pavor et con- 
sternatio qiiadrigarum, Liv.; pavor et conster- 
natio mentis, Tac ; 2, a mutiny, tumult; vulgi, 
Tac.; muliebris consternatio, Liv. 

1. consterno -stravi -stratum, 3. A. to strew, 
scatter, cover by stir icing; kabernacula caespiti- 
bus, Caes. ; omnia cadaveribus, Sail. ; constrata 
navis, a decked boat, Caes. ; subst., constrata 




•Ot'tiin, ii., pontis, the flooring or gangway over 
a bridge of boats, Liv. B. to throw down; 
tempestas aliquot siguaconstravit, Liv. 

2. cousterno, 1. (intens. of 1. cousterno), 
1, to cause confusion, consternation, fear, to 
frighten; procella ita consternavit equoa, Liv.; 
esp. in pass., equi consternati, startled, Liv. ; 
pavida et consternata multitudo, Liv. ; also, to 
drive to flight by fear; in fugain consternati, 
Liv. ; 2, to excite to sedition or revolt ; metu 
servitutis ad arma consternati, Liv. 

COUStipo, 1. to 'press, crowd together; tantutn 
nuiiicruiu honunum iu agrum Campanum, Cic. 

constltuo --stitui -stitutum, 3. (com and 
stiituo). I. to cause to stand, place, put; hom- 
iuem ante pedes Q. Manilii, Cic; mil it. t. t., 
a, to draw up in line, place, station, arrange; 
signa ante tribunal, to set vp the standards, 
Liv. ; legionem Caesar constituit, drew up, 
Caes. ; naves in alto, Caes. ; intra silvas acieni 
ordinesque, Caes. ; b, to halt. ; signa hand pro- 
cul porta, Liv. ; agmen, Sail. II. to put in a 
particular place; 1, to station, post, settle; a, 
praesidia in Tolosatibus circumque Narbonein, 
Caes. ; plebem in agris jmblicis, Cic. ; b, to 
appoint to an office ; regem, Cic. ; aliquem sibi 
quaestoris in loco, Cic. ; with the ace, Conimiuin 
regem ibi, Caes.; 2, to found, establish ; a, of 
buildings, towns, etc., turres, Caes. ; oppidum, 
Caes. ; nidos, Cic. ; liiberna omnium legionum 
in Belgis, Caes. ; b, of institutions, taxes, etc., 
vectigal, Cic. ; of magistracies, quae (potent- 
ates, imperia, curationes) constituuntur ad pop- 
uli fructum, Cic.; c, of an undertaking, auction- 
em, Cic; actionem, to begin an action, Cic; 
crimen in aliqun, Cic; quaestionem, Cic ; d, of 
relations, to establish ; concordiani, Cic. ; ex- 
eniplum justitiae in hostem, Cic. ; e, of persons, 
ties legiones, to form, Caes. ; 3, to arrange, 
appoint, dispose, establish firmly; a, of the body, 
is cui corpus bene constitutum sit, Cic; b, of 
the character, animus bene constitutus, Cic ; c, 
of condition, situations, etc., rem familiarem, 
Cic. ; d, of the stare, bene constituta ci vitas, 
Cic ; 4, to fix, settle upon ; a, (a) tempus, diem, 
Cic, Caes.; mercedem funeris, Cic; pretium fru- 
mento, Cic. ; diem cum aliquo, Caes. ; with rel. 
sent., armoruin quantum quaeque civitas quod- 
que ante tempus eiticiatconstituit, Caes; with ace 
and infill., inehodie, Cic; with ut 
and the subj., ut L. Bestia quereretur de actioni- 
bus Ciceronis, Cic ; absol. , ut erat constitutum, 
Cic. ; (fi) of persons, to appoint, agree upon; accus- 
atorein, Cic; b, (a) to settle, determine ; nondum 
satis constitui molestiaene an plus voluptatis at- 
tulerit Trebatius noster; (fi) to determine at law, 
settle, decide; controversial]], Cic. ; de perspicuo 
jure, Cic. ; c, to come to a determination, to resolve ; 
haec ex re et ex tempore constitues, Cic. ; with 
inlin., bellum cum Germanis gerere, Caes.; with 
ut and the subj., ut pridie Idus Aquini manerem, 

constitutio -on is, f. (constituo), 1, consti- 
tution, condition, disposition, nature ; llrma con- 
stitutio corporis, Cic. ; reipublicae, Cic. ; ilia 
praeclara constitutio Romuli, Cic. ; 2, fixing, de- 
termining; a, the definition or settling of some- 
thing ; ea constitutio sumini boni quae est prae- 
posita, Cic. ; b, rhet. t. t., the point in dispute, 
Cic; c, a regulation, order, ordinance; cogeb- 
atur alia aut ex decreto priorum legatoruin aut 
ex nova constitutione senatus facere, Cic. 

constitutum -i, n. (constitutus, from con- 
stituo), 1, a fixed place or time of meeting, rendez- 
vous ; V. Calend. igitur ad constitutum, Cic; 
constitutum factum esse cum servis, ut venirent, 
Cic; 2, an agreement, appointment, compact; 
ad constitutum experiendi gratia venire, Cic. 

constitutus -a- uin, partic. of eonstitud. 

consto -stfti -staturus, 1. to stand still. 1. 
Lit., Plant. II. Transf., A. Gen.; 1, a, to 

exist; nude omuis rerum nunc constet siuiiina 
creata. Liter. ; b, to consist; ex aiiimo constamus 
et coi pore, Cic. ; c, to depend upon, rest upon ; 
lnouuit eius diei victoriam in earum cohortium 
virtute constare, Caes.; 2, to cost; ambulati- 
uncula pi'ope diinidio minoris constabit isto 
loco, Cic. B. 1, to stand firm, remain; a, 
inilit. I. t. to hold one's ground, stand firm ; post- 
qnam nullo loco constabat aries, Liv. ; b, of 
looks, speech, etc. to remain the same, to be un- 
altered; adeo perturbavit ea vox legem, ut non 
color, non vultus ei constaret, Liv. ; 2, to be in 
good order; postquam cuncta videt caelo con- 
stare sereuo, Verg. ; esp., ratio constat, the ac- 
count is correct, Cic; 3, to remain in the same 
state, continue; nullum est genus rerum, quod 
avulsum a ceteris per se ipsum constare possit, 
Cic ; uti Humerus legiouuni constare videretur, 
Caes.; 4, toremainin thesame thought or opinion ; 
a, to remain constant; nee animuiu eius satis 
constare visum, Liv. ; constare sibi or alicui 
rei, to be true to; reliqui sibi constiterunt, Cic. ; 
constat humanitati suae, Cic. ; of resolves, to be 
fixed, firm; animo constat sententia, Verg. ; 
alicui constat, a person is resolved; mini quidem 
constat nee meam contumeliam nee meoruin 
ferj'e, ap. Cic. ; b, of evidence, facts, etc., to be 
certain, sure, well-known; eorum quae constant 
exempla ponemus, horum quae dubia sunt ex- 
empla atl'eiv.mus, Cic ; quod omnibus constabat 
hiemari in Gallia oportere, Caes. ; mihi plane 
non satis constit, utrum sit melius, Cic ; quum 
de Magio constet, Cic. 

constratum -i, n., v. 1. cousterno. 

constringo -stvinxi -strictum, 8. A. Lit., 
a, to draw, bind together; sarcinam, Plant.; b, 
to confine, fetter; corpora vinculis, Cic. B. 
Trans/., a, to strengthen, fortify; constringere 
tidem religione potius quam veritate, Cic. ; b, 
to confine, limit, fetter, restrain; orbem terrarum 
novis legibus, Cic. ; c, of discourse, to compress, 
abbreviate ; sententiam aptis verbis, Cic. 

constructlo -onis, f. (construo), 1, a'putting 
together, building, construction, making; hom- 
inis, Cic ; 2,^1'het. t. t. the proper connexion of 
words ; verborum apta et quasi rotunda, Cic. 

construo -struxi -stnictum, 8., 1, a, to heap . 
up together; acervos nuinmorum, Cic ; uivitias, 
Hor. ; b, to construct, build up ; mundunn, naveni, 
aedificium, Cic. ; 2, to arrange; dentes In ore 
construct! , Cic. 

constiiprator -oris, m. a ravisher, defiler, 

constiipro, 1, to ravtih, violate; matronas, 
Liv. ; tig., emptum constupratumque judicium, 
corrupt, Cic. 

consuadeo -si -sum, 2. to advise earnestly, 

Cousualia, v. Consus. 

consuasor -oris, in. (consuadeo), an adviser, 

consudo, 1. to sweat profusely, Plaut. 

consuefacio -feci -factum, 3. (*consueo 
and facio), to accustom, habituate, (Gaetulorum) 
niultitudinein ordines habere, Sail. 

consuesco -suevi -suetum, 3. L Transit., 
to accustom to; brachia, Lucr. II. Intransit., a, 
to accustom oneself, and often in perf., consuevi, 
1 am accustomed; with infin., qui mentiri solet, 
pejeiare consuevit, Cic. ; with inanimate things 
as subjects, naves quae praesidii causa Alexan- 
driae esse consuerant, Caes. ; ut consuesti, as 
you are accustomed, Cic. ; b, to be intimate 
with; cum aliquo, cum aliqua, Cic. (perf. forms 




often conti'. edlisiicsti, constiestis, consuenius, 
cuusucrunt, consiierauij conauerim, consuosse). 

consuetudo -Inis, f. (eonsiioseo). I. cus- 
tom, usage, habit; 1, inos conauctudoquc civilis, 
Cic; withgcuib ofuubst., or gerund, consuetude) 
populi Human i, Cic. jcoiisuetudosemionisiiostri, 
Cic. ; consuetudo }ieccandl, Cic. ; consuetudo 
bona, Cic. ; adducere aliquem or se in cam con- 
suetudineni ut,etc.,Cacs. ; ah omnium Siculorum 
consuetudine discedere, Cic ; non estnicae con- 
suetudinis rationein reddere, Cic; tit est con- 
suetudo, as is the usual practice, Cic. ; mutare con- 
siietudinem dicendi, Cic. ; obdurescere alicnius 
rei consuetudine, Cic. ; tenere consnetudinem 
suam, Cic. ; iu consuetudinem venire, to become 
customary, Cic; ex consuetudine, Cues. ; con- 
suetudine, according to custom, Cic. ; 2, a, 
manner of living ; ad Buperiorem couBuetudfiicm 
reverti, Cic. ; i>, speaki)ig ; co»sneU\do 
indocta, Cic. II. social intercourse, intimacy; 
insinuare in consuetudinem alicuius, Cic. ; esp. 
of lovers. Stupri vetus consuetudo, an, intrigue of 
long standing, Sail. 

consuetus -a -inn. I. Partic. of consu- 
esco(q.v.). II. P. adj., accustomed, customary, 
'jsual ; lubido, Sail. 

consul -sulis, m. (root CONS, or from con 
and the root of salio, ■which is seen in praesnl 
vul exsul), a consul, pi. consules, the consuls. I. 
the two chief magistrates of the Roman state, chosen 
by the comitia centuriata, originally from patri- 
cians only, but after 365 B.C., aho from the ple- 
beians ; consul ordinarius, one elected at the usual 
time (opp. consul suffectus, one chosen in the course 
oftheyear to supply the place of a consul deceased), 
Liv. ; consul designates, consul elect, so called 
between the election in July and entrance upon 
office on the 1st of January, Cic. ; consul major, 
the consul who had precedence of his colleague; 
consul Flaminius consul iterum, Cic ; aliquem 
dicerc consnlem, Liv. ; the year was generally 
called by the consuls' names, e.g., L. Pis'one et 

A. Gabiniocoss. (i.e. consiliums), i.e., (i'JO A.U.C., 
Caes, ; consule Tullo, Hor. ; the name of the 
consul stamped on the cork marked the age of 
wine ; Bibuli consults amphora, Hor. ; pro con- 
sule, an officer in the. place of the consul, a 
governor of a country, province, a proconsul; 
proconsule in Ciliciam prollcisci, to go as pro- 
consul to Cilicia, Cic. II. Transf., in the his- 
torians used instead of proconsul, Liv. 

consularis -e (consul), relating to a consul, 
consular. A. Adj., aetas, the age (namely forty- 
three), at which a man might lawfully be chosen con- 
sul, Cic. ; fasces, Liv. ; lictor, auctoritas, Cic. ; 
candidates, Cic. ; familia, Cic; imperium, Cic. ; 
locus, place in. the senate, Cic ; provincia, Caes. 

B. Bubst.j consularis -is m. one who had been 
a consul, on ex-consul, Cic. ; in the imperial 
period, a governor of consular railfc.TaC 

consulariter, adv. (consularis), in a manner 
worthy of a consul ; vitaonuiis consulariter acta, 

consulatus -us, m. (consul), the office oj con- 
sul, the consulship; abdienre se consul at u, Cic ; 
abdicare consulatum, Liv.; abire consulate, Liv.; 
adipisci consulatum, Cic. ; afferre consulatum in 
earn faniiliam, Cic; petere consulatum, Cic; 
peracto consulatu, Caes. 

consulo -sului-sultum, 3. (rootCONS, CENS, 
or from con and the root of salio). I. a, (o reflect, 
weigh, deliberate, consider, consult; iu commune, 
for the common good, Liv; in longitodineni, for 
the future, Tcr. : facto non consulto in tali peri- 
culo opus esse, Sail. ; re consults et explorata, 
Cic. ; quid agaut consuluut, Caes. ; b, to come 
t& a conclusion, to take measures; libero con- 
sulere ad summam rem, Caes. ; quae reges at- 

qne populi male consulueriut, Sail. ; obseCM 
ne quid graving de salute et iucolumitato tun. 
consulas, Caes. ; consulerc in, to take measures 
against; nihil in qucmqunm supbrue ac vio- 
lcntcr, Liv. ; c, to lake counsel for some person or 
thing, to have regard for the interests of, look to; 
withdat., parti civinin consulere, parti negligere, 
Cic; silii, Cic; dignitati alicuius, Cic ; alicui 
optime, Cic. ; with ut, ne, or (with preced, neg- 
at.) qnomimis and the snbj., Cic. ; d, aliquid 
tioni consulere, to take in goad part ; haec missa, 
Ov. II. to ask the adrice of, consult; nee te id 
consul. i, consult about that, Cic. ; quod me tie 
Antonio consnlis, Cic ; quid mihi faciendum 
esse consent, Cic ; a, to ask the opinion of the 
senate, to bring amatter before the senate; senatUS 
a Histia consultus est, placeretne legatos Ju- 
gurthao recipi moenibus, Sail. ; b, tolay amatter 
before the. people; seniores de tribus consulendum 
dixerunt esse, Liv. ; c, to take legal advice ; qui 
dejurc civili consuli solent, Cic. ; d, to consult 
an oracle, or deity; haruspicem, Cic; Phoebi 
oracula, Ov. ; exta, Verg. ; Apollinem Pythium 
quas potissimum regiones tenereut, Cic. ;*id pos- 
setne fieri, consuluit, Cic. 

consultatio -onis, f. (-2. consulto), 1, a 
full consideration, deliberation; a, venit aliquid 
iu consultationem, Cic. ; consultationem raptim 
transigere,"Liv. ; b, a case proposed for consider- 
ation, Quint. ; 2, an asking for advice, inquiry; 
consultation! alicuius respondere, Cic. 

consulto, adv., with compar. and superb 
(consultus), advisedly, after consideration ; ca-ute 
ac consulte gerere aliquid, Liv. 

1. consulto, adv. (ahl. of consultum), delib- 
erately, designedly ; consulto fecisse aliquid, Cic; 
non consulto sed casu iu eornm mentionem bi- 
dders, Cic. 

2. consulto, 1. (freq. of consulo). I. to 

consider maturely, weigh, ponder. A. Gen., de 
officio, Cic ; triduum ad consultandum dare, 
Liv. ; in longius, for the future, Tac; in medium, 
for the common good, Sail. ; consultabat, Utrnin 
Remain proticisceretur, an Capnam teneret, Cic. 
B. alicui, to consult for, provide, for; reipub- 
licae, Sail. II. (o consult, ask advice of; ali- 
quem, Tib. ; vates ad earn rem consultandani 
ex Etruria accire, Liv. 

consultor -oris, m. (consulo), 1, an adviser; 
egomet in aginine, in proelio consultor idem et 
BOcius pericnli vobiscum adero, Sail. ; 2, one. 
who asks advice, especially legal advice, a client ; 
consultoribus suis respondere, Cic. 

consultrix -Icis, f. (consultor), one who con- 
sults, cares for, provides; natura consultrix et 
provida utilitatum, Cic. 

consultum -i, n. (consultus, from consulo), 
resolution, plan, decision ; a, consulto collegae, 
virtute militum victoria parta est, Liv.; facta 
et consulta fortium et snpientiutn, Cic. ; b, esp. 
a decree of the senate at Home, senatus constllt- 
uin (shortened to S.C.); senatus consultum fac- 
cre, Cic; 8.C. facere in aliquem, Liv.; S.C. facere 
ut, etc, Cic. ; alicui senatus consulto scribendo 
adesse, Cic; consulta patrum, Hor.; c, the 
decree of a Sicilian senate (/SovA>j), Cic; d, the 
answer of an oracle ; diim consulta petis, Verg. 

1. consultus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. 
and superb (consulo), a, well considered, delib- 
erated upon, well weighed : omnia consulta ad nos 
et exquisita deferunt, Cic ; b, of persons, ex- 
perienced, esp. in law; with genit.., juris con- 
sultus (adj. or Btibst.), some ow learned in the 
law, cic ; consultissinms vir omnis divini et 
human! juris, Liv. ; consultus insanientis sapi- 
entiae, Hor. ; with abl., jure consultus, Cic 
Subst., consultus -i, in. a lawyer. Hor 




2. COnsultus -iis, in. (consulo) = coiisultum 

consutn -fui -futurnm -fore, tobe, to happen, 
Plant., Ter. 

consummation -onis, f. (consumma), 1, a 
summing up, adding up, Plin. ; 2, a finishing, 
completion, consummation; maxiinarum rerum, 

consumraatus -a -am,. p. adj. with suporl. 
(consummo), complete, perfect, consummate; elo- 
quentia, Quint. ; orator, Quint. 

consummo, 1. (com and summa), 1, to add 
together, sum up; transf., to form a whole, com- 
plete ; quae consnmmatui partibus, una dies (of 
an intercalary day), Ov. ; in suum docus nom- 
euque velut consiunmata eius belli gloria, lay.; 
2, to complete, finish ; earn rem, Liv. 

consumo -sumpsi -suniptum, 3. to take al- 
together, consume. A. In doing something, to 
spend, employ ; pecuniani inagrormn coemption- 
ibus, Cic. ; oinne tempn.s in litteris, Cic. ; in- 
geniuin in musicis, Cic. ; oinnein laborem, op- 
eram, curam, studium in salute alicuius, Cic. 
E. to destroy, waste, bring to an end ; a, omnia 
tela, to shoot away, Caes. ; of provisions, oinne 
fnimentum, Caes. ; of property, patrimouia, 
Cic. ; omnes fortunas sociorum, Caes. ; of time, 
to spend, pass; magna diei parte consumptn, 
Caes. ; aestatem in Treviris, Caes. ; consuinendi 
otii causa, Cic. ; horas multas saepe suavissimo 
sermone, Cic. ; of resources or activity, to waste, 
consume in vain; multam opcram frustra, Cic. ; 
D, to uxiste, or wear away, destroy; quum sain 
(qnercuin) tempestas vetustasve consuinpserit, 
Cic. ; in pass., consumi incendio, or flamma, to 
be destroyed by fire ; quae (aedes) priore anno 
incendio consumptae erant, Liv.; of life, to de- 
stroy, kill; si me vis aliqua morbi aut naturaipsa 
consumpsisset, Cic. ; totidem plagis hostem, 
Hor. ; garrulus hunc consumet, will be the death 
of him, Hor. ; fame consumi, to die of hunger, 

consumptio -onis, f. (consumo), a con- 
sumption, consuming, destroying, Cic. 

consumptor -oris, m. (consumo), a con- 
sumer, destroyer; confector et consumptor 
omnium, Cic. 

consiio -sui -siitum, 3. to sew together, stitch 
together, Plaut. 

consurgo -surrexi -Biirrectum, 3. to rise up, 
stand up. I. Lit., 1, of persons, a, lying down ; 
consolatus (ad terrain projectos) consurgere 
jussit, Caes. ; b, sitting ; senatus cunctus con- 
surgit, Cic; esp. of an orator, to rise up to speak; 
consurgit P. Scaptius de plebe et iuquit, Liv. ; 
to rise up in honour of some one ; consurrexisse 
omnes et senem sessum recepisse, Cic. ; c, of 
persons kneeling, paulisper addubitavit an con- 
surgendi jam triariis tempus esset, Liv. ; d, of 
persons fighting, to raise oneself to give more force 
to a blow; ad iterandum ictum, Liv.; 2, of 
things without life, consurgnnt venti, Verg. ; 
consurguut geminae quercus, Verg. II. Transf., 
l f of persons, to rise for any action, join in an 
insurrection ; magno tumultu ad bellum, Liv. ; 
2, of things, to break out; novum bollum, verg. 

consHrrectio -onis, f. (consurgo), a rising 
up from' a seat ; judicum, Cic. 

Consus -i, m. an ancient Roman deity, whose 
worshiu was said to have been introduced by 
Romulus ; hence, Consualia -mm, n. games 
in honour of Consus, on the 21st of August and 
15th of December. 

consiisurro, 1. to whisper together, Ter. 
contabefacio, 3. to consume, cause to waste 
away, Plant 

contabesco -tiibui, 3. to waste away, wear 
away gradually; Artemisia luctu confecta con- 
tabuit, Cic. 

contabulatlo -onis, f. (oonUibulo), a cover- . 
ing with boards, planking, floor, Caes. 

oontabulo, 1. to cover witit, boards, to plank ; ■ 
turrem, Caes. 
oontabundus = cunctabundus (q.v.). 
oontactus -us, ni. (contingo), 1, a contact, 
touching, touch; sanguinis, Ov. ; 2, a touching 
of scmiething unclean, contagion ; contactus 
aegrorum vulgabat morbos, Liv. ; transf., oculos ' 
a contactu dominationis inviolatos, Tac. 

contages -is, f. (contingo), a touch, touching, . 

contagio -onis, f. (contingo), a touching, con? . 
nexion ; 1, gen., quum est somuo sevocatus • 
animus a societate et contagione corporis, Cic.; 
2, a touching of something unclean, contagion, 
infection; a, physical, contagio pestifera, Liv.; . 
b, moral, bad companionship, evil example ; turpi- 
tudinis, Cic. ; furoris, Liv. 

contagium -ii, n. (contingo), 1, touch, Lucr.; 
2, infection, contagion ; a, physical, mala vicini 
pecoriscontagja, Verg.; b, moral, contagialucri, 

oontaminatus -a -um, p. adj. with supcrl. 
(containing), unclean, contaminated, Oic. 

contamino, 1. (com and TAG -o, tango). 
to render unolean by contact or mixture, con' 
taminate; sanguinem, Liv.; se scelere, Cic. I 
veritatem aliquo mendacio, Cic. 

contatio, contatus, etc.= cunctatio, cunc- 
tatus, etc. (q.v.). 
conteclmor, 1. dep. to devise a trick, Plant. 
contego -texi -tectum, 3. to cover. A. Lit., 
a. locum liuteis, Liv. ; eos uno tumulo, to bury, 
Liv. ; b, to conceal ; corporis partes, quae aa- 
pectum sint deformem habitume, contegere 
atque abdore, Cic. B. Transf., to conceal ;■ 
libidines fronte ot supercilio, non pudore eb 
temperantiii, Cic. 
contemero, l. to pollute, defile, Ov. 
conterano -tempsi -temptnm, 3. to think . 
meanly of, despise, contemn. I. Gen., casus 
lmmanos, Cic. ; Roiuam prae sua Capua irridere • 
atque contemnere, Cic. ; with intin., contemnere 
coronari, Hor. ; with ace. and infin., ut ipsum . 
Vinci contemnerent, Cic. IL Esp., to ridicule, ' 
make little of; Adherbalis dicta, Sail. ; se non 
contemnere, to have a high opinion of oneself, Cie. • 

contemplatio -onis, f. (contemplor), at- 
tentive or eager looking at, contemplation. A. ' 
Lit., caeli, Cic. B. Transf., naturae, Cic 

contemplator -oris, m. (contemplor), one 
who attentively looks at or contemplates ; caeli, Cic. 

conteniplatus, abl. -u, ra. (contemplor), a 
looking at, contemplation, Ov. 

contemplor (contemplo), 1. dep. (com and ' 
tcmplum), to look at attentively or minutely, re- 
gard, contemplate. A. Lit, coelum suspicere ' 
coelestiaque conteniplari,'Crc. ; situm Carthag- 
inis, Liv. B. Transf., to consider carefully; 
ut totam causam quam maxime intentis oculis, 
ut aiunt, acerrime contcmplemini, Cic. 

contemptim, adv. with compar. (contempt- ' 
us), contemptuously ; de Romanis loqui, Cic 

contemptio -onis, f. (contemno), contempt, . 
scorn, disdain; pecuniae, Cic 

contemptor -Oris, in. (contemno), one who 
contemns or despises; divitiarum, Liv.; divum, 
Verg. ; attrib., nemo tain contemptor famae est, 
Liv. ; contemptor lucis animus, Verg.';. cou- 
temptor animus, Sail. 




1. contemptus -a -uni, p. adj. with oompar. 
aild supei'l. (contemiio), despised, despicable, con- 
temptible ; a, of things, vita contempta ac 
sordida, Cic ; b, of persons, homo contemptus 
et abjectua, Cic. 

2. contemptus -us, in. (comteinno), a mtdn 
opinion, contempt, disdain ; a, pass., hominibus 
Oallis prae magnitudine corporum suoruin brev- 
it-as nostra contemptui est, Caes. ; b, act., con- 
temptus inorieudi, Tac. 

oontendo -tendi -tentum, 3. I. Lit., to 
Ktrttch forcibly ; arcum,Verg. ; ballistas lapiilnm 
et reliqua tormentatelorum contendere atque ad- 
ducere, Cic. ; and lience of missiles, to shoot, cast ; 
tela, Verg. II. Transf., A. to strive with all 
one's bodily or mental power, to strain, exert one- 
self; 1. of the bodily powers, a, gen-, (a)transit., 
surumns vires, Lucr.; (j3) intransit., eniti et con- 
tendere debet nt vincat, Cic. ; luga salutem 
petere contendunt, Caes. ; b, to hasten on a 
■journey, try to reach; Bibracte ire conteudit, 
Caes. ; fig., si potuissemus, quo contendimus 
pervenire, Cic. ; 2, of the mental powers, a, to 
exert oneself; (a) transit, contenditomnes nervos 
Chrysippus ut, etc., Cic. ; (ft) intransit., maximis 
laboribus et periculis ad siinimam laudem 
gloriamque, Cic. ; ob earn causam contendi, ut 
pl'ira dicerem, Cic. ; b, to strive to obtain some- 
thing, strive for ; non erat causa, cur hoc tem- 
pore aliquid a to contendercm, Cic. ; ab aliquo 
valde de reditu in gratiam, Cic. ; vehementer 
contendere ab aliquo ut, etc., Cic. ; c, to assert 
■with confidence, maintain; contendentes num- 
quam earn urbein fuisse exTriphylia, Liv. B. to 
strive, with some one else; 1, a, cum victore, Caes. ; 
contra Paridem, Verg.; pro vitulis contra leon'es, 
Cic. ; inter se de principatu, Caes. ; cum Libone 
de mittendis legatis, Caes. ; b, at an auction, 
to bid against, Cic; 2, to compare, contrast; 
ipsas causas, quae inter se conlligunt, Cic. 

1. contente, adv., with compar. and superl. 
(1. eontentus), eagerly, earnestly; contente pro 
se dicere, Cic. 

2. contente, adv. (2. eontentus), strictly, 
sparingly, Plaut. 

contentio -onis, f. (contendo), the full exer- 
cise of the powers, effort, striving. I, Gen., vocis, 
the raising or straining of the voice, Cic. ; aninii, 
Cic. II. 1, combat, contest, contention, strife; 
magna contentio belli, Cic. ; adversus procur- 
ators contentio dicendi, Cic. ; in contentionem 
honoris incidere, rivalry in seeking d public 
office, Cic. ; contentiones habere cum aliquo, 
Caes.; 2, a, a contrast, comparison; hominnm 
ipsorum or fortnnarum contentionem facere, 
Cic; b, rhet. t, t., antithesis, juxtaposition of op- 
poseil ideas, Quint. 

con tent loans -a -um (contentio), pertain- 
ing t" a contest, contentions, quarrelsome, I'lin. 

1. eontentus -a -um, p. adj. (contendo), 
stretched, tense. A. Lit., funis, Hnr. B. Transf., 
a, onora cnntentls corporibus facilius foruntur, 
remissis opprimunt, Cic; b, eager, zealous; 
ad tribunatum contento studio cursuque veni- 
amus, Cic 

2. eontentus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. 
(contineo), contented, satisfied; with abl., suis 
rebus, Cic ; ea victoria, Cic. ; eontentus quod, 
etc., Cic ; with infln, Ov. 

conterminus -a -um, having the same 
boundary, conterminous, near ; contermina stab- 
ula ripae, Ov. Subst, contormmuui -1, n. 
an adjoining region, a confine, Tac. 

contero -trlvi -tritum, 3. I. In narrow 
sense, to rub away, reduce to small portions by 
rubbing, to grind, pound ; cornua cervi, Ov. If. 
In wider sense, 1, to destroy, wear away; cius 

ouinesinjuriasvoluntaiiaquftdaiholiliviolie, Cic;) 
reliqua eoiiterere et contemiiere, trample under 
foot, Cic; ferrum, to wear away by itsing, Ov. j 
se in musicis, gebmetriil, astris, Cic. ; 2, of time, 
to consume, spend; omne otiosum teinpus 111 
studils, Cic; boiium otiuni socoidia atque des- 
idla, Ball. 

conterreo -terrtii -territuiH, 2. to terrify, 
frighten c rccedingly ; conterrere loquacitatem uli- 
cuius vultu ipso aspectuque, Cic; his mmtiis 
senatus conterritus, Liv. 

contestatio -onis, f. (cont.estor), an earnest 

supplication, eager request, Cic. 

contestor, 1. dep. 1, to call to witness ; deos 
hominesque, Cic. ; 2, a, litem, tosrianaction on 
foot, inaugurate an action by calling witnesses, Cic; 
b, transf., virtus contestata, approved, Cic. 

contexo -texui -tectum, 3. I. Lit., to iceave 
together, twine together, connect, unite ; lilia amar- 
anthis, Tib.; ovium villis contextis homines 
vestiuntur, Cic II. Transf., 1, to connect, 
unite; extrema cum prirais, Cic; 2, to con- 
tinue ; carmen longius, Cic; 3, to build, con- 
struct, put together; sic deincepsomne opus con- 
texitur, Caes.; equum trabibus acernis, Verg.; 
4, to devise, invent ; crimen, Cic. 

contexte, adv. (contextus), in close con- 
nexion, Cic. 

1. contextus -a -um, p. adj. (from contexo), 
interwoven, connected, united; a, contexts con- 
densaque corpora, Lucr. ; b, perpetuae et con- 
textae voluptates, an unbroken series of pleasures, 
Cic. ; c, context* historia eorum temporum, 
continuous, Nep. 

2. contextus -us, m. (contexo), uniting, 
connexion; a, contexlum corporum dissolvere, 
Lucr. ; b, of abstractions, mirabilis contextus 
remm, Cic. ; c, of oratory, totns quasi contextus 
orationis, Cic. 

conticesco -ticfti, 3. (inchoat. of conticeo), 
to become silent, to be dumb, silent. I. Lit., a, of 
persons, conscientia convictus repente contieuit, 
Cic; b, of personifications, uequ« ulla aetas de 
tuis laudibus conticescet, Cic. II. Transf., to 
become still or quiet, to abate, cease; illae scilicet 
litterae conticuerunt forenses et senatoriae, Cic. 

contlgnatlo -onis, F.^eontigno), woodwork, 
a flooring, joists, storey, Caes. 

contigno, 1. (coin and tignum), to put planks 
together, to floor, Cic. 

contiguus -a -um (contingo). I. Act., that 
which touches another, contiguous, near; domus, 
Ov. ; pars circi quae Aventino contigua, Tac. ; 
Cappadoces, Tac. II. Pass, with dat., within 
reach of; contiguus missae hastae, Verg. 

continens -cutis, p. adj. with compar. (con- 
tineo). I. 1, lying near, adjacent, bordering 
upon; pracdiacontinentia huio fundo, Cic; con- 
tinentibus diebllS, in the days immediately follow- 
ing, Caes.; 2, a, hanging together, uulrroken ; ag- 
men, Liv. ; terra continens, the mainland, Cic ; 
subst., continens -entis, f. a continent, Caes.; 
b, of time, continuous, unbroken ; e continenti 
genere, in unbroken genecdogical succession, Cic. ; 
totius diei continens labor, Caes.; continenti cur- 
su, Liv. II. temperate, continent; puer, Cic ; ne 
continentior in vita hominnm, quain in pecunia 
fuisse videatur, Caes. III. Rhet. t. t.„ subst., 
continens -entis, f. the main point ; causae, Cic. 

continental*, adv. (continens) 1. a. of 
space, in close succession ; sedetis, Cat. ; b, of 
time, continuously, without cessation; tota nocte 
ierunt, Caes.; 2, continently, temperately; viv- 
ere, Cic. 

continentia -ae, f. (contineo), continence, 
self-restraint, moderation, temperance ; continentia 
iu oiuni victu cultuque corporis, Cic 




contmeo -tlnui -tcntum, 2. (com ard teneo). 
I. to keep togetlier; 1 a, to bi,ul together, hold 
fast; quum agger altiore aqua contineri non 
posset, Caes. ; transf., nee enim ulla res velie- 
menttus rempublicam coutinet quam tides, Cic. ; 
p, to keep together, unseparatul ; legtoncs uno 
hi loco, Caes. ; c, to connect, join; quod oppid- 
nm Genabum pons fluminis Ligeris continebat, 
Caes.; 2, a, to keep in, surround, contain, limit'; 
mundus qui omnia complexu suo coercet et cou- 
tinet, Cic; to confine; beluas imniaiies saeptis, 
Cic; milit. t. t., to shut in; rompejum quam 
augustissime, Caes. ; b, to contain, comprehend, 
comprise; tales res quales hie liber continet, 
Cic. ; de summo bono quod continet philoso- 
pliiam, which is the main point in philosophy, 
Cic. ; status reipublicae maxiine judieatis rebus 
cwntinetur, is involved in, depends upon, Cic. 
II. to keep, maintain; 1, a, to keep firm; naves 
minus commode copulis continebantur ; b, to 
keep what has been taken or received ; alvus arcet 
et continet quod recipit, Cic. ; 2, a, to keep in a 
place or occupation ; milites sub pellibus, Caes.; 
se suo loco, Caes.; se in suis perennibus studiis, 
tie. ; Belgas in officio, to maintain in allegiance, 
Caes. ; b, to keep back, be silent about ; petimus ab 
Antonio, ut ea quae continet neque adhuc pro- 
tulit expheet nobis, Cic. ; 3, to restrain, confine, 
keep back; a, lit., risum, Cic; gradum, to check, 
»eig. ; b, transf., to keep some one Jrom some 
thing; suos a proelio, Caes.; contineo me ab 
exeniphs, Cic; to keep obedient, hold in check; 
etusus non tain armis, quam judiciorum ten-ore, 
Liv.; c, morally, to restrain, curb, repress; 
unities cupiditates, Cic. ; non posse milites con- 
linen quin, etc., Caes. 

1. contingo (continguo), 3. to wet, moisten, 
Lucr. ' 

T % c °n*ingo -ligi -tactum, 3. (com and tango). 
I. transit., to touch. A. Lit., a, terrain osculo, 
Liv.; paene terrain. (of the moon), Cic; b to 
grasp ; dextram, Li v. ; c, poet., to touch, taste ; cib- 
os ore, Ov.; spriulde ; ora uati sacro medic- 
amine, Ov.; efro reach to, touch ; nullas profecto 
terras caelum contingere, Liv.; esp. geograph. 
1. 1., to border on, touch; quorum agri non contin"- 
unt mare, Cic. ; f, to reach; (a) au aim with°a 
missile, ex tanta altitudine contingere hostem 
non posse, Liv. ; (0) an object desired, optatam 
cursu metam, Hor. ; Italiam, Verg. ; (y) of the 
voice, to reach the car of; nee contigit vox 
ttiea mortalem, Ov. B. Transf., a, to be related 
to; altquem sanguine ac genere, Liv.; to concern, 
affect; Homanos nihil (consultatio) continoit. 
nisi quatenus, eta., Liv.; b, to pollute, defile; 
milites contact! sacrilegio, Liv. II. Intransit. 
to happen, to be/all; with dat., nrihi omnia, quae 
opto, contingaut, Cic; with inlin., celeriter 
anteeellere omnibus ingenii gloria contigit, Cic ; 
with ut and the subj., quouiam autem, tecum 
ut esseiii, non contigit, Cic. 

continiiatio -onis, f. (continuo). I. Act 
an iinbroken coiitinuance, continuing; tribunal 
us Lit. II. Pass., A. connexion, continuation,- 
unbroken succession; causarum, Cic; rhet. t. t 
a period ; minis longa continuatio verbonim, Cic' 
p. an unbroken succession, continuance in time ■ 
inibriuni, Caes. ' 

continiiltas -atis, f. (continuus), continu- 
ity, unbroken succession, Varr. 

1. continuo, adv. (continuus), 1, immedi- 
ately, at once, Cic; 2, in conjunction with a 
negative, not immediately = not necessarily • in 
a question = perhaps then? non continuo si me 
in gregem sicanoi urn contuli, sum sicuius, Cic 

2. continuo, 1. (continuus). I. Of space, to 
hrmn into connexion, oonnect, unite; aer mari 
foiitimiatus est, Cjc ; Snionimis Sjtonuni gentes 

continuantur, are adjacent to, Tac.? verba to 
form mlo a sentence, Cic; binas aut ampliua 
domos, Sail. ; aediticia uioenibus, Liv. ; agmen 
latissune, to extend, Cic. II. Of time, a, to do 
in rapid succession, to keep on doing; prupo con- 
tinuatis funeribus, the funerals Mowing close on 
one another, Liv.; b, to continue without inter- 
rupUon; diem noctemque potando, continue 
drinking day and night, Tac. ; iter die et nocte, 
Caes. ; militiam, Liv. ; magistratum, to prolong, 
ball. ; alicui consulatum, Liv. 

continuus -a -urn (contineo), connected with, 
hanging together, continuous, unbroken, uninter' 
rupted I. Of space, a, Leucada continuant vet' 
eres habuere coloni, connected with the main 
land, Ov. ; transf. of persons, Nerva, continuuSt 
pnncipi, standing next to, Tac. ; b, unsejxirated, 
undivided; Rhenus uno alveo continuus, Tac, J 
translations, Cic. II. Of time, successive, fol- 
lowing on, uninterrupted ; secutaesuntcontiuuos 
complures dies tempestates, Caes.; superiors 
continuorum annorum decreta, Cic. ; oppugnatio, 

contio -onis, f. (contr. from conventio), 1, 
an assembly of the people or of the soldiers, a public 
meeting; contionem advocare, Cic; advocare 
contionein populi or inilitum, Caes. ; vocare ad 
contionem, Liv. ; ltabere, Cic. : dimittere, Liv. ; 
dare alicui contionem (of a magistrate, who 
called the meeting), Cic; prodiie in con- 
tionem, Cic ; producere aliquem in contionem, 
Liv. ; aliquid in contione dicere, Cic. ; in con- 
tionem uscendere or escenderc, to go up to the 
platjorm to speak, Liv. ; 2, ineton., the speech 
made in such an assembly; contiones turbulentae 
Metclli, temerariae Appii, furiosissimae Publii, 
Cic. ; habere contiones in Caesarem graves, 
Caes. ; funebris, a funeral oration, Cic. 

contionabundus -a -urn (contionor), har- 
anguing, sj^eaking in public, Liv. 

contionalis -e (contio), relating to a puUio 
assembly; contionalis prope clamor senatus, 
Cic; ilia contionalis hirudo aerarii, that blood- 
sucker and demagogue, Cic. 

contionarius -a -urn (contio), relating to a 
public assembly; ille contionarius populus, Cic. 

contionator -oris, in. (contionor), a popular 
orator, demagogue, Cic. 

contionor, 1. dep. (contio), a, to form, com- 
pose an assembly; nunc illi vos singuli universos 
contionantes timent, Liv. ; b, to speak in public 
be/ore an assembly; apud milites, Caes.; superiore 
e loco, Cic; also to proclaim publicly, speak with 
a loud voice; C. Cato contionatus est se coraitia 
haberi non situruni, Cic 

contiuncula -ae, f. (dim. of contio), 1, a 
small assembly, Cic; 2, a short harangue, Cic. 

contollo, 3. (obsol. for confero), gradum, (* 
betake oneself, Plaut. 

contdnat, impers. it thunders violently. 
Plaut. "' 

• contor = cunctor (q.v.). 

contorqueo -torsi -tortum, 2. I. to twist,' 
whirl, turn violently, contort; gubernaclum, 
Lucr. ; membra quocunque vult, to direct, turn, 
Cic ; proram ad laevas undas, Verg. II. Lsp. 
to brandish, to hurl, contorquere hastam in latus, 
\ erg. ; transf., verba, to hurl forth, Cic. 

contorte, adv. with compar. (contortus), tj» 
nstorled order, in a constrained manner, ambiga 
maty; dicere, Cic. 

contortlo -onis, f. (contorqueo), a swinging, 
twisting; contortioncs orationis, distorted ex- 
pressions, Cic. 

contortor -oris, m. (tontorqueo), one who 
poTftorfa or perverts; legum, Ter. 




contortiilus -a -um (dim. of contortus), 
tomewhat intricate, ohscure, Cic 
contortus -a -um (p. adj. from contorqueo), 

I, intricate, confused, complicated ; contortae et 
dimciles res, Cic; 2, powerful, vigorous; oiatio, 

contra (from com, as extra from ex). I. Adv., 
A. Of place, opposite, over against, on the oppo- 
site side; ulmtis erat contra, Ov. ; omnia con- 
tra oircaque plena liostiuin erant, Liv. B. Of 
actions, 1, which answer to one another, in re- 
turn; (ilium hie migatur, contra migari lubet, 
Plant. ; 2, which are opposed to one another, on 
the other siile, on, the contrary ; alia aestimabilia, 
alia contra, Cic. ; foil, by atque, or quain, siinu- 
laontm Jovis contra atque antea fucrat coii- 
vertere, Cic; qunm contra fecerint quaui poll- 
iciti sint, Cic. ; 3, used of hostile opposition, 
■against; pugnare, Lucr. : consistere, Caes. ; dic- 
ere, Cic. II. Prep, with ace, 1, opposite to, 
.over against; insula quae contra Bnindusinum 
portum est, Caes. ; 2, against, in opposition to, 
contrary to; vim atque impetum fluniinis, Caes.; 
opinionem, Cic. ; contra ea, on the contrary, on 
the, other hand, Caes.; 3, against, in the sense of 
hostility; contra popnlum Romanum conjurasse, 
.Caes. ; contra deos disputare, Cic. (Contra occa- 
sionally is placed after its ace in the case of a 
noun, Verg.; of a rel. pronoun, quos contra, Cic.) 

ContractiO -Onis, f. (contraho), a drawing 
together, contmction. A. Lit, contractio et 
porrectio digitorum, Cic. ; frontis, Cic. B. 
Transf., 1, abbreviation, shortness; orationis, 
Cic; syllabae, Cic; 2, anxiety, depression; 
•animi, Cic 

contractiunciila -ae, f. (dim. of con- 
tractio), dejection, sadness ; animi, Cic. 

contractus -a -um, p. .i.lj. with cdnipar. 
(contraho), drawn in, contracted, narrow; a, 
of places, locus exiguus atque contractus, Verg.; 
b, of time, shorter; his jam contractioribus 
noetibus, Cic; c, of the voice, contractum genus 
vocis, Cic. ; d, of oratory, dialectiea quasi con- 
tract* et aatrictfl eloquentia putanda est, Cic ; 
e, of circumstances, straitened ; paupertas, 
Hor. ; f, retired, quiet; contractus leget, Hor. 

contradico -dixi -dictum, 3. to gainsay, speak 
against, contradict; sententiis alinrum, Tac; 
nee contradici quin amicitia do integro reco.i- 
cilietur, Liv. 

contradictio -onis, f. (contradico), a speak- 
. ing against, contradiction, Quint. 

contraho -traxi -tractum, 3. I. to draw to- 
gether, collect, unite (opp. dissipare). A. Lit., 
a, inilit. t. t., cohortes ex flnitimis regionilms, 
■Caes. ; inagnam classem, Nep. ; Luceriam omnes 
copias, Cic. ; oinnes or omnia ad uiuim, Cic. ; b, 
to bring together for conversation, etc. ; Scipion- 
cin et Hasdrubalem ad colloquium dirimeiidarum 
siiniiltatum causa, Liv. B. Transf., a, to unite ; 
oontrahit celcritor siniilltudo eos, Liv. ; con- 
trahere amioitiain, to form friendsliip, Cic. ; b, to 
complete a business arrangement ; rem, rationem" 
negotlum, Cic. ; oontrabere mngnam rationem 
cum Mauritaniae rege, Cic. ; c, to cause, bring 
on, bring about; aes alienum, to contract debt, 
Olc; bellum, Liv.; lites, Cic. ; porca contracta, 
due to expiate a crime, Cic. ; onenaionem, Cic. 

II. to draw together bit viay of shortening. A. Lit., 
a, fronteui, Cic ; colluin, Cic. ; pnlmones se con- 
trahnnt, Cic; contractum aliquo luorbo bovis 
cor, Cic. ; vela, to furl one's sails, lig., to be mod- 
erate, Cic. ; b, of limbs, parts of the body, 
to contract (from cold, death, etc.); contractu 
frigorB pigrae, numbing, Verg. B. Transf., to 
shorten, reduce-, draw in, draw together; a, 
casrra, Caes. ; of the moon, orbom, Ov. ; b, of 
speech, to shorten; orationcni in vrrbum coii- 

trahere, Cic. ; c, of appetites, to repress ; appct- 
itus omnes contraherc, Cic.; d, of courage, etc, 
to lonrr, lessen ; aninmm, Cic. 

contrarie, adv. (contrarius), in an opposite 
direction or manner; sidera contrarie proceden- 
tia, Cic. ; verba relata contrarie, Cic. 

contrarius -a -um (contra). I. Of place, op- 
posite, over against; collis nascebatur adversus 
huic et contrarius, Caes.; vulnera, wounds in 
front, Tac. II. A. coming from the opposite 
direction; contrarius ictus, a blow from an 
enemy, Cic. ; in contrarias partes flucre, Cic. ; 
classi COlltraria llamina, contrary winds, Ov. ; in 
comparison, followed by atque, qui versautur 
contrario motu atque caelum, Cic. B. 1, o^>- 
posed, contrary t<> ; contrariae epistolae, contra- 
dictory, Cic. ; in contrarias partes disputarc or 
disserere dc aliqua re, to speak for and against, 
Cic. ; with genii., hums viitutis contraria est 
vitiositas, Cic ; with dat., nihil malum esse, 
nisi quodjrtrtuti contrarium esset, Cic. ; subst., 
contrarium -ii, n. the opposite; in contrarium 
disputare, Tac. ; followed by atque or ;tc, contra- 
rium deccrnebat ac paulo ante decreverat, Cic. ; 
adv., ex contralto, against, on the other side; ut 
ego hoc ex contrario contendo, Cic. ; plur., com- 
parare contraria, Cic. ; 2, esp. a, opposed to in 
a hostile manner; anna, Ov. ; b, i7ijurious; 
otiuin maxime contrarium esse, Caes. 

contrectabiliter.adv. (contrectabilis), with 
feeling, Lucr. 

contrectatio-Onis, f. (contrecto), atouching, 
handling, Cic. 

contrecto, 1. (contra eto), to touch, feel, 
handle. I. A. Lit., vulnus, Ov. B. Transf., tot- 
aque mente contrectare varias voluptatcs, con- 
sider, Cic. II. to dishonour, Tac. 

contremisco (contr?mesco), -trenmi, 3. a, 
totrnnble violently, to quake; contremiscere tota 
mente atque artubus omnibus, Cic ;b, to trem- 
ble before, be afraid of; pericnlum, Hor. 

contrcmo, 3. to tremble violently, quake, 

contribuo -tribui-trflnrtuni, 3., a, to contri- 
bute to in common with others ; nee lion l'eiieae nee 
Spercheides undae coutribucrc aliquid, Ov. ; b, 
to annex, incorporate with, unite; Calagurritaui 
qui erant cum Oscensibus contributi, Cars.; 
Ambracia quae turn contribuerat se Aetolis, Liv. 

contristo, 1. (com and tristo), to make sad, 
make sorrowful, sadden; a, pluvio frigore caelum, 
make gloomy, Verg. ; b, contristat haec sententia 
Balbum Cornelium, ap. Cic. 

contritus -a -um, p. adj. (from contero), worn 
out, well-used, common, trite; proverbium, Cic. 

controvorsia -ae, f. (controvorsus), dilate, 
dispute, controvert^; heredltatis, about an inherit- 
ance, Cic; eontrovcrsiain habere de re oumaliquo, 
Cic; coutroversia est inter aliquosde re, Cic; in 
controversial versari, esse, Cic. ; rem adducere in 
controversiam, deducere in controversiam, vocare 
in controversiam, to make matter of debate, Cic; 
sine controversial without dispute, Cic; sine cou- 
troversia solvere, Cic; sine coutroversia vicimus, 
wehave undoubtedly conquered , Cic; contioversia 
non erat quin, there was no doubt that, etc, C)c. 

controversiosus -a -um (controversia), 
controverted, strongly disputed; res, Liv. 

controversor, I. dep. (con tro versus), to 
contend, dispute, debate; inter se de huinscemodi 
rebus controversy ri, Cic. 

controvorsus -a -um (contro, li';e contra, 
from com —with, against), 1, piss., that which 
is a subject of debate, controverted; res, Cic. ; 2, 
act. disputations, fond of controversy ; gens, Cic. 

C-on.U"iicido l. to cut in pieces, cut down, 




hew down, slay ; debilitato corpore et contrucid- 
ato, Cic; fig., reuipublicam, Cic. 

contrudo -triisi -trusum, 3. 1, to thrust, push 
together i nubes in unum, Lucr. ; 2, to thrust, 
crowd into any place ; aliquos in balneas, Cic. 

cent r unco, 1. to cut in pieces; cibuni, Plaut. 

contubernalis -is, c. (com and taberna). I. 
a, a messmate, comrade, one who shares the same 
taut ; domi una eruditi, militias contubcrnales, 
Cic. ; b, a young man who accomjxinied a general 
to learn the art of war-; fuit in Oreta postea 
contubernalis Saturnini, Cic. ; so in public 
affairs, supporter; alicui contuborualein in con- 
sulatu, Cic. II. a, comrade, mate, con- 
stant companion; liabuisscs non hospitem sed 
contubernalein, Cic. ; b, the husband or wife of 
a since, Plin. 

contuberiuum -i, n. (com and taberna). 
I. Concr., 1, a hut, or tent in which ten men and 
an officer lodged; deponere in contubernio arma, 
Caes. ; 2, the common dwelling of a male and 
female slave, Tac. II. Abstr., 1, a sharing in 
the same tent, comradeship; milituin, Tac; 2, 
the attendance of a young man on a general to learn 
the art of war ; contubernii nccessitudo, Cic. ; 3, 
companionship, intimacy, Suet. ; 4, esp. the 
living together of slaves as man and wife, Col. ; 
and gen. concubinage, Cic. 

contueor -tfiitus sum, 2. to regard on all 
sides, loolcat attentively. A. Lit., aspicite ipsnin, 
contuemini os, Cic. B. Transf. to consider, reflect 
upon; quum (revocatio ilia) a contuendis nos 
malis avocat, Cic. 

contuitus, abl. -ii, m. (contueor), a behold- 
ing, attentive looking at, Plin. 

contumacia -ae, f. (contumax), stubbornness, 
obstinacy, insolence, haughtiness; gen. in a bad 
sense, insolentia, superbia, contumacia, Cic. ; 
in a good sense, firmness; libera contumacia (of 
Socrates), Cic. 

contumaciter, adv. (contumax), obstinately, 
stubbornly, insolently; scribere, Cic. 

contumax -acis (com and TEM -o, teiuno), 
haughty, insolent, stubborn, obstinate; quis con- 
tumacior? quis iuhuinanior? quis superbior, 
Cic. ; in a good sense, firm, unyielding ; contu- 
max etiain adversus tormenta scrvorum fides, 

contumelia -ae, f. (com and TEM -o, 
temno), insult, affront, outrage, contumely. I. 
Lit. A. contumeliam jacere in aliquem, Cic. ; 
lacerate aliquem contwneliis, Cic. ; onerare ali- 
quem contumeliis, Cic. ; vexarc aliquem omnibus 
contumeliis, Cic; contumeliae causa aliquem de- 
sciibere, Cic. ; contumelia appellare aliquem per- 
fugam, insultingly, Caes. ; vertere aliquid in con- 
tumeliam suam, to take as an insult, Caes. B. 
dishonour, Cic. II. Transf. damage, injury; 
naves totae factae ex robore ad quamvis vim et 
contumeliam perferendain, Caes. 

contumeliose, adv., with compar. and 
superl. (contumeliosus), insolently, abusively; 
contumeliose dicere, laedere, Cic. 

contumeliosus -a-uin, adj., with compar. 
and superl. (contumelia), insulting, abusive ; 
epistolae in aliquem contumeliosae, Cic. ; id 
contumeliosum est plebi (followed by ace. and 
ittfin.), Liv. 

contumulo, 1., 1, to heap up in a mound, 
Plin. ; 2, to bury, inter, Ov. 

contundo -tildi -tusum, 3. I. to bruise, 
crush, pound, break to pieces ; allia serpylluiuque, 
Verg. II. to crush, bruise, beat. A. Lit., annul 
saxis, Hor. ; pugiles caestibus oontusi, Cic. ; 
contusi ac dooilitati inter saxa rupesque, Liv. 
B, J, to destroy, subdue, crush, demolish; t'croc- 

eni Hannibalem, Liv.; animuni, Cic; audaciam 
alicuius contundere et frangere, Cic. : calumni- 
am stultitiamque alicuius obterere ac contund- 
ere, Cic. 

oontuo, contuor, 3. = contueor (q.v.). 

conturbatio -finis, f. (conturbo), disorder, 
confusion, perturbation of mind ; mentis, Cic. ' 

conturbo, 1., 1, to disturb, throw into dis- 
order, confusion; ordines Itomanorum, Sail.; 
reuipublicam, Sail. ; 2, to disturb in mind, cause 
anxiety ; valetudotua me valde conturbat, Cic. ; 
rationes, or absol., couturbare, Cic, to briny 
money matters into confusion, to ruin, make bank- 
rupt ; conturbare putat sibi licere, Cic. 

contus -i, m. (koi/tos), 1, a pole used for 
pushing a boat along, Verg. ; 2, a long spear or 
pike, Tac. 

QOIIUS -i, m. (kui/os). 1, a cone, Cic. ; 2, the 
apex of a helmet, Verg. 

convalesco -viilui, 3. to become strong. I. 
Gen. A. Lit., of things, postquam pestifer ignis 
convaluit, blazed up, Ov. B. Transf.", a, to gain 
strength ; quum mala per longas convaluere 
moras, have become rooted, Ov. ; b, of persons 
or states, to gain strength or po\rcr; Milo in dies 
convalescebat, Cic. ; his ille (Caesar) rebus ita 
convaluit at, etc., Cic. ; nimis vieinas prope se 
convalescere opes ratt, Cic. II. Esp. A. to 
recover from a disease, gain strength, get well; 
non aegri oinnes convalescunt, Cic; ex morbo, 
Cic. B. Transf., ut tandem sensus convaluere 
mei, Ov. 

convallis -is, f. a valley shut in on all sides, 

convaso, 1. (com and vasa), to pack up 
baggage, Ter. 

Convecto, 1. (intens. of conveho), to bring 
together, collect; praedam, Verg. 

convector -oris, m. (conveho), a fellow- 
voyager, Cic. 

conveho -vexi -vectum, 3. to bring together, 
carry into one place ; frumentum ex finitimis 
regionibus in urbem, Caes. ; lintribus in earn 
insulam materiem, calcem, caemeiita, arma, Cic. 

convello -velli, and (rarely) -vulsi (-volsi) 
-vulsum (-volsum), 3. to tear, pluck, pull away, 
wrench off. I. Lit., 1. repagula, Cic; gradus 
Castoris, Cic. ; Hereulem ex suis sodibus con- 
vellere atquc auferre, Cic. ; viridem ab humo 
silvam, Verg. ; da pes avido dente, devmir, Ov. ; 
2, milit. t. t., convellcrc signa, to pluck up 
the standards, to decamp, Cic ' II. Transf. to 
weaken, overthrow, destroy ; cuncta auxilia rei- 
publicae labefactari convellique, Cic. ; si earn 
opinionem ratio couvellet, Cic. ; quo judiciocon- 
vulsam penitus scimus esse rempablicam, Cic. 

convena -ae, c. adj. (couveuio), coming to- 
gether, Plaut; in plur. subst. a concourse of 
strangers, assembled mxdtitude; pastores et con- 
venas congregarfi, Cic. 

conveniens -cutis, p. adj. (from convenio), 
1, agreeing, unanimous, concordant; bene conven- 
ientes propinqui, Cic. ; 2, fit for, appwpriote, 
suitable ; conveniens decretis eius, Cic. ; oratio 
teinpori conveniens, Liv. ; nihil est enim tarn 
naturae aptum, tain conveniens ad res vel se- 
cimdas vel advorsas, Cic. 

convenienter, adv. (conveniens), agreeably 
with, suitably to; convenienter cum nature viv- 
ere, Cic. ; constanter conveuienterque sibi dic- 
ere, Cic. 

convcnientia -ae, f. (conveniens), agree- 
ment, harmony, conformity with; quacdam con- 
vcnientia et conjunctio naturae, Cic. 

convenio -yen! -ventum, 4. I. Gen. A. 
Illtransjt,, 1, to come together, collect; ex pr»- 




vinoia, Caes. ; ad hoc judicium, Cic; celeriter 
ad claiiiorem hominum circiter millia sex con- 
vencrant, Cats. ; uuo tempore undique comiti- 
orum ludoiiim censendique causa, Cic; 2, 
civitates quae in id forum conveniunt, who bt- 
long to that district, Cic. ; 3, legal 1. 1. couvenire 
in manum (of the wife, to come into the power of 
hsr husband by marriage), Cic. B, Transit., 
to visit, meet, call upon; quotidieplurimos, Cic. ; 
convento Cn. Octavio Demetriade, Cic. ; trib- 
uni plebis non desistebant clam inter se cou- 
venire, Cic. II. to Jit. A. 1, Lit., si cothurni 
laus ilia esset ad pedem apte couvenire, Cic. ; 
2, Transf., to agree with, be congenial to, har- 
monise, befitting; haec tua deliberatio uoncon- 
venit cum oratione Largi, Cic; non in omnes 
omnia couvenire, Cic. ; with infin. or ace. and 
infin., illicone ad praetorem ire convenit? Cic. ; 
impers., minime miror caelum et. terram, si tibi 
ita conveniat, dimittere, Cic. B. to unite ; 1, 
lit., Lucr. ; 2, transf., a, res convenit, or im- 
pers., convonit, a thing is agreed upon ; id 
signum quod convenerat, which had been agreed 
upon, Caes. ; pax convenit, Liv. ; convenit (it is 
asserted) jam inde per consults reliqua belli 
perfecta (esse), Liv. ; milii cum Deiotaro con- 
venit, ut ille in mcis castris esset cum suis 
copiis, Cic. ; impers., quum de fac'o conveniret, 
Cic. ; b, bene (optimc) convenit (alicui) cum 
aliquo, to be on gow.l terms with; sororis vir, 
quicum uptime couvenisset, Cic. 

conventlclum -ii, n. (convenio), sc. aes = 
to eKxATjo-taoTiKof, the money received by Greek 
citiz»ns for attendance in the popular assembly, 

conventicillum -i, n. (dim. of conventus), 
a, a, coming together, assembly, association; con- 
venticula hominum, quae postea civitates noin- 
im<ae sunt, Cic. ; b, a, place of muting, Tac. 

conven tlo -onis, f. (convenio), 1, an assem- 
bly, Varr. ; 2, mi agreement, compact, Liv. 

oonventum -i, n. (convenio), a covenant, 
agreement, compact; pactum, couventuin, stip- 
ulati", Cic. 

conventus -us, in. (couvenio). I, Ut., A. a 
coming together, an assembly ; a, virurum mulicr- 
umque ecleberrimus, Cic; b,an illegal assembly ; 
in nocturno conventu fuisse apud M, Laecam, 
Cic; c, a congress of states; omnium sociarum 
civitatum, Liv.; d, the assembly of the inhabitants 
of a provincehelii by the praetor ; conventuni agcre, 
to hold the assizes, Cie. ; hence the district of the 
province for which such an assembly was held ; 
nomo omnium ex illo conventu quadruplatorum 
deterriiuus, Cic; e, the union of Roman citizens 
in a province. formUig a corporation ; conventus 
Syracusanus, Cic. B. Of atoms, union, Lucr.; 
II, Transf., agreement, Cic. 

converbero, 1. to beat violently, Plin. 

converro (-vorro) -verri (-vorri) -versum 
(-vorsum), 3. to sweep together, brush out, Plant.; 
transf., hcrcditates omuiuin, scrape together, Cic. 

conversatfo -oniB, f. (conversor). I. fre- 

ivent use, a frequent sojourn in a place, Plin. 
I. intercourse, conversation, Tac. 

converslo -Suis, f. (couverto). A. Lit., a 
turning round; coeli, Cic; menslum annor- 
Ulliniie conversiones, periodical return, Cic. 
B. in rhefc., 1, the rounding off of a period ; ut 
(nratio) conversiones habeat absolutas, Cic; 2, 
the repetition of the same word at the end of a 
clause, Cic. ; 3, change. ; naturalcs esse quasdam 
eonversiones rerum publicarutn, Cic. 

converso (intens. of converto), 1. to turn 
round frequently; animus se ipse conversans, 

(jonvertp (-vorto) .verti (-vorti) -versum 

(-vorsum), 3. to turn round, whirl round. I. 
Lit., A. to turn round to the other side; 1, 
palam anuli ad palmam, Cic. ; naves in emu 
partem, quo ventus fert, Caes. ; esp. milit. t. t., 
signa COllvertere, to wheel round, Caes. ; terga or 
se convertere, to flee, Caes. ; 2, a, in motion, to 
turn round, change one's direction; vox bourn 
Herculem convertit, makes Herarfes turn round, 
Liv.; iter convertere, Caes.; reflex., se admontes, 
Caes., or without se, cum paucis ad equites, 
Sail. ; b, convertere pecuniam publicam domum 
suam, to embezzle, Cic; 3, gcograph. t. t., to 
face, be directed towards, lie to>rards ; spelunea 
conversa ad aquilonem, Cic. B. to turn round 
in a circle, to revolve ; quae (terra) circum axcm 
se summa celerit-alc convertit et torqnet, Cic ; 
II. Transf., 1, to direct towards; convertere in 
se nnum omnium vires, Liv. ; in ceteros ordines 
easdem vitae conditiones, Cic. ; 2, to direct one's 
attention or looks towards; video in me omnium 
vestrum ora atque oculos esse conversos, Cic. ; 

3, to direct one's inclination, mind, etc, towards; 
onine studium curamque ad banc scribendj 
operam, Cic; reflex., se ad otium pacemque, Cic; 
se in or ad aliqueill, to attach oneself to, Cic; 

4, to devote to some object ; rationeni in fraudem 
malitiainque, Cic. ; 5, to convert, pervert ; al- 
termn (auxilium) ad perniciem meani erat a 
vobis consnlibus eonversum, Cic. ; 6, a, to 
change, alter ; uiirum in modum convei'sae sunt 
omnium meutes, Caes.; cavenduin ne in graves 
inimicitias convertautse amieitiae, Cic; Hecub- 
am in canem esse conversant, Cic. ; b, librum e 
Graeco in Latinum, to translate, Cic. 

convestio, 4. to clothe. A. Lit., Enn. B. 
Transf., to cover, surround; domus duobus lucis 

convexitas -iitis, f. (convexus), convexity; 
luundi, Plin. 

convexus -a -um (convehor), 1, vaulted, 
arched, convex ; orbis lunae, Cic. Subst., con- 
voxum -i, n., and commonly in plur., con- 
Vexa -oiuni, n. an arch ; convexa coeli, Verg ; 
2, sloping, steep; iter, Ov. 

conviciator -oris, in. (convicior), a roller, 
slanderer, reviler, Cic. 

convicior, 1. dep. (convicium), to rail at, 
revile, reproach, Liv. 

convicium -ii, n. (= convocium, from com 
and vox), 1, re loud cry, shout, clamour; mul- 
ieruru, Cic; 2, violent reproach, reviling, insult; 
clamoro et couviciia et sibilis consectari, Cic. ; 
alicui convicium facere, Cic; non modo acclani- 
atione sed convicio et maledictis impediri, Cic; 
verberavi te cogitationis tacito dumtaxat con- 
vicio, Cic. ; meton., nemorum convicia, picae, 
mocking-birds, Ov. 

convictio -onis, f. (convivo), social inter- 
course, familiarity, Cic. 

convictor -oris, m. (convivo), one who lives 
with another, constant associate, ap. Cic. 

convictus -iis, m. (convivo), 1, re living to- 
gether, constant intercourse ; conventus hominum 
ac societas, Cic; 2, entertainment, feast, Tac. 

convinco -vlci -victum, 3. 1, to convict of a 
crimen- mistake; aliquem summae negligent ia', 
Cic. ; multis avaritiae criminibus, Cic. ; con- 
victus in hoc scclere, Cic; with infill., or ace 
and infin., Liv., Sail.; 2, to prove conclusively, 
demonstrate; errores Epicuri, Cic; inauditmi- 
(acinus ipsius qui commisit voce convinci, Cic 
with ace. and inlin., Stoicos nihil de diis explic- 
arc couvincit, Cic. 

COnviSO, 3. to behold attentively, examine ; 
omnia loca oculis, Lucr. ; poet, (of the sun, 
etc), to heam upon, Lucr. 

convjt'Jator, v. conviciator, 




oonvitior, v. convicior. 
convitium, v. convicium. 

conviva -ae, c. (com and vivo), a guest ; 
hilaius et bene aceeptus, Cic. 

convivalis -e (convivium), relating to a feast 
or banquet, Liv. 

oonvivator -oris, m. (convivor), one who 
gives a feast, a host, Hor., Liv. 

Convivium -li, n. (com and vivo). A. a 
feast, entertainment, banquet ; accipere alique m 
convivio, Cic. ; adliibere aliquem convivio or 
in convivium, Cic. ; convivium apparare opi- 
pare, Cic; dimittere convivium, Liv.; discedere 
de convivio, Cic. ; inire convivium publicum, 
Cic. ; interesse in convivio, Cic. ; producere con- 
vivium vario sermone ad multain noctem, Cic. ; 
venire in convivium, Cic. B. Meton., the com- 
pany assembled, guests ; vinosa convivia, Ov. 

convivor, 1. dep. (conviva), to eat and drink 
in company, feast, revel ; non solum in publico, 
sed etiam de publico, Cic. 

convocatio -onis, f. (convoco), a calling 
together; populi Romaui ad rempublicam de- 
fendendani, Cic. 

convoco, 1. to call together, assemble, convoke; 
dissipatos homines, Cic; principes ad se, Caes. ; 
ad concionein, Liv. 

convolnero, v. convulnero. 

convolo, 1. to fly together, run together, come 
together hastily; cuncta ex Italia ad aliquem 
revocandum, Cic. 

convolsus, v. convulsus. 

convolvo -volvi -vSlutum, 3. 1, torollround; 
sol se convolvers, Cic. ; in lucem lubrica terga, 
Verg. ; 2, to cover ; testudo convoluta omnibui 
rebus, quibus ignis jactus et lapides defendi 
possent, Caes. 

copvomo, 1. to vomit all over, Cic. 

convulnero, 1. to wound severely, Plin. 

convulsus -a -urn, partic. of convello. 

coolesco = coalesco (q.v.). 

cooperio -perui -pertum, 4. (com and operio), 
to cover entirely, envelop; aliquem lapidibus, to 
stone to death', Cic. ; Decii corpus coopertum 
telis, Liv. ; transf., partic, coopertns, over- 
whelmed ; flagitiis atque facinoribus, Sail. 

cooptatio -onis, f. (coopto), choice, election, 
co-optation; collegioruin, Cic; censoria, filling 
up of the senate by tlie censors, Cic 

coopto (com and opto), 1. te choose, elect, 
esp. to a public office or dignity, to coopt ; 
senatores, Cic. ; tres sibi collegas, Liv. ; aliquem 
in paternum auguratus locum, Cic; aliquem 
magistiuni equitum, Liv. 

codrior -ortus sum, 4. to arise, come forth at 
once, appear. I. a, of storms, etc., to break o%d; 
turn subito tempestates sunt coortae maximae, 
Lucr. ; b, of fires, quod pluribus simul locis 
ignes coorti esseut, Liv. ; c, of disease, pesti- 
lentia coorta, minacior quam periculosior, Liv. ; 
d, of political events, of war, sedition, etc., to 
break out; seditio turn inter Antiates Latinosque 
coorta, Liv. ; e, of laughing or weeping, risus, 
Nep. ; libero conquestu coortae voces sunt, Liv. 
II. to rise for insurrection or fight ; sed adeo in- 
fensa erat coorta plebs ut, etc, Liv. ; Volscos 
suinma vi ad bellum coortos, Liv. 

coortus -us, in. (coorior), an arising^ break- 
ing forth, Lucr. 

Coos (Cous) -i, f., and Cos -o, f. (Kdu? and 
Kus), a small island in the Aegean Sea, off the 
coast of Caria. Adj., Cous-a-um, Coan ; poeta, 
Philetas, Ov. ; artifex, Apelles, whose picture of 
Venus Anadyomene was at Coos, Ov. ; Venus, the 


Venus Anadyomene of A pedes, Cic. Subst., 
Cdum -i, n. Coa» wine; Col -orum, m. the in- 
habitants of Coos; C6a -oruin, n. Coan garments. 

copa -ae, f. the hostess of a wine-shop, Verg. 

Copals -idis, f. (KwTrai's), palus, a lake in 

oophinus -i, m. (ko^os), a large basket or 
hamper, Juv. 

copia -ae, f. (coopia, from coin and ops), 
plenty, abundance. I. Lit., 1, a, of things, agri, 
vectigalium, pecuniae, Cic. ; fruinenti, Caes. ; 
copia cum egestate confligit, Cic ; in plur., 
omnium rerum aflluentes copiae, Cic. ; milit. 1. 1., 
supplies, provisions; copias Dyrrhachii coni- 
parare, Caes. ; b, of persons, viroruin fortiuin 
atque innocentium tanta copia, Cic. ; esp. milit. 
t. t., troops, forces; (a) sing., omnia arinatoium 
copia, Cic; augebatur lilts copia, Cats.; (fi) plur., 
copiae poditum e(|uituinque, Liv. ; terrestres 
uavalesque, Liv. ; copias inagnas cogere, Caes. ; 
coniparare, Cic. ; contrahere, Cic. ; dimittere, 
Caes. ; educere castris, e castris, Caes. ; 2, of 
abstractions, copia dicendi or orationis, fulness 
of expression, Cic II. Transf., ability, power, 
opportunity ; est alicui copia sonini, Liv.; dimic- 
andi cum hoste, Liv. ; ab hoste copia pugnandi 
tit, Sail. ; facerc alicui consilii sui copiam, to be 
accessible to a person asking one's advice, Cic; 
habere copiam alicuius, to have some one in one's 
power, Sail. 

copiose, adv. (copiosus), 1, abundantly, 
plentifully ; large et copiose coniparare pastum, 
Cic. ; senatorum urna copiose absolvit, with a 
large majority, Cic. ; 2, of discourse, copiously ; 
dicere, Cic. 

copiosus -a -urn (copia), 1, richly provided, 
wealthy; urbs Celebris et copiosa, Cic. ; copiosus 
a frumento locus, rich in, Cic. ; opulenti homin- 
es et copiosi, Cic; 2, copioiis of speech, eloquent; 
homo copiosns ad dicendum, Cic. ; oratio inulta 
et varia et copiosa, Cic. ;■ lingua copiosa, Cic. 

copis -e = copiosus (q.v.). 

copo, copona = caupo, caupona (q.v.). 

coprea (copria)-ae, m. (icon-pia?), a lowbuffoon, 

copta -ae,f. (koh-tti), a hard cake or 2riscui7,Mart. 

Coptos -i, f. (Kojtto«), a town of Upper Egypt, 
now Coft or Keft. 

copula -ae, f. (com and • apio). A. a rope, 
band, tie; dura copula caneni tenet, a leash, Ov. ; 
plur., copulae, fastenings, grapnels, Caes. B. 
Transf., a bond, connexion; quos irrupta tenet 
copula, Hor. 

copulatio -onis, f. (copula), a union, con- 
nexion ; atomorum inter se, Cic. 

copiilatUB -a -urn, p. adj. (from copulo), con- 
nected, united, coup>led ; quaedani sunt in rebus 
simplicia, quaedam copulata, Cic; transf., nihil 
est amabilius neque copulatius quam inonim 
atmilitudo, tending to unite, Cic. 

copulo, 1. (copula), to join together, connect, 
unite. A. Lit., altera ratis huic copulata est, 
Liv. B. Transf., copulati in jus pervenimus, 
Cic. ; copulare honestateni cum voluptate, Cic. ; 
an haec inter se jungi copularique possint, Cic.; 
equester ordo qui turn cum senatu copulatus 
fuit, were in hainnony with, Cic. -ae, f. (coquus), a female cook, Plaut. 

coqulno, 1. (coquo), to cook, Plaut. 

coquo, coxi, coctum, 3. to cook, prepare fond. 

1. Lit., 1, is qui ilia coxerat, Cic. ; cibaria, Liv.; 

2, to bake, bum ; coquit glebas aestas niatntinis 
solibus, Verg. ; 3, to ripen ; poma matura et 
cocta, Cic. ; 4, to warm; calore et spiritu omnia 
cocta et confecta, Cic. II. Transf., 1, to think 




of, meditate, contrive; consilia secreto ab aliis, 
Liv.; 2, to disturb; femineae ardentem curaeque 
iracque coquebant, Verg. 
coquus (cocus) -i, m. (coquo), a cook, Cic 

cor, cordis, n. (root COHD, Gr. KapS -la). I. 
A. Lit., the heart; cor palpitat, Cic. ; tig., a, the 
heart as the scat of the feelings, the soul, feeling; 
exsultantia corda, Verg. ; conli est aliquis or 
aliquid, is dear to; quuin audirem' earn (spon- 
sani) tibi conli esse, Liv. ; idque eo mihi magis 
est cordi quoil, etc., Cic. ; with ace. and infin., 
Liv.;b, tlie heart as the sent of thought, the mind, 
fxdyittent ; qui propter haesitantiam linguae 
stuporemque cordis cognomen ex contumelia- 
traxerit, Cic. B. Metou. <apersbn; lectijuvejies, 
fortissima corda, Verg. II. Transf., the stomach, 
Hor., Lucr. 

Cora -ae, f. (Kdpa), an old town in T.atium, 
now Coie or Cori. Adj., Coranus -a -um. 

corallium -ii, n. OcopaAAtoi-), red coral, Lucr. 

coram (com and os, oris). T. Adv., 1,. in 
presence of, in face of, before; cominodius fecis- 
sent, si quae apud vos de me deferunt, ea coram 
potins me praesente dixissent, Cic. ; 2, per- 
sonally, in one's ou-n person, oneself; intucri 
aliquid, to behold with one's own, eyes, Cic; agcre, 
to transact personally, i.e., not by letters, Cic; 
qmiiii coram suinus, personally present, Cic. 
II. Prep, with abl., tit presence of; genero men, 
Cic. ; populo, Hor. 

Corbio -onis, f. 1, a town of tlie Aegui; 
2, a town in Jlispania Tarruconensis. 

corbis -is, m. and f. a wicker basket ; mes- 
soria, Cic. 

corblta -ae, f. a slow-sailing merchant vessel, 

oorbula -ae, f. (dim. of covbis), a little basket, 

corciilum i, n. (dim. of cor), a little heart, 
used as a term of endearment, Plant. 

Corcyra -ae, f. (Kdp»cvpa), Corcyra, an island 
in the Ionian Sea, identified with the Homeric 
Selieria, tlio home of Alcinous, now Corfu; 
hence adj., Corcyraeus -a -um, Cofcyraean; 
horti, the gardens of Alcinous, Mart. 

cordate, adv. (cordatus), wisely, prudently, 

cordatus -a -uin (cor), prudent, sagacious, 
wise, Sen. 

cordax -dacis (<cdp6a£), a licentious dance, 

Petr.; transf. of the trochaic rhythm, Cic. 

cordollum -Ii, n. (cor and doleo), heartache, 

Corduba -ae, f. a town in Hispania Boetica, 
now Cordova. Adj., Cordubensis -e. 

cordyla, f. (/copWATj), the fry of the tunny 
fish, Mart. 

Corflnlum -Ii, n. a town of the Peligni in 
Samnium, Adj., Corfiniensis -e, Corfinian. 

Corinna -ae, f. (Kdpin-a), 1, a Greek poetess of 
Tanagra, contemporary with l'indar ; 2, the 
feigned name ofOrid's mistress. 

Corinthus -i, f. (Kdpu.0o«), Corinth, a city of 
Greece on the Tsthmus of Corinth. Hence, A. 
Adj., CdrintblUS -a -mil, Corinthian; aes, a 
mixed metal of gold, silver, and copper, greatly 
priznl by I lie ancients, Cic; vasa, Rupellex, make 
of Corinthian brass, Cic; and absol., Corin- 
thla'-oruin, n. (sc. vasa), Cic B. Corinth- 
lariua -Ii, m. an artificer in Corinthian hrcs, 
a nickname of Augustus, Suet. C. Corinth- 
iacUB -a -um, Corinthian. D. Corinthi- 
eaais -e, Corinthian. 

CorioH -oruin, in. a town of the Volsd in 

| J.utium. Adj., CoriSlanus -a -um, belonging 
to Corioli ; Corlolanus, Cu. Martins, the captnri r 
ofCorioli; Coriolani -oriun, m. the inhabitants 
of Corioli. 

corlum (corius) -Ii, n. (xoptov), 1, hide, skin, 
leather; aniinantium aliae coriis tcctae sunt, 

Cic; petere corium, to thrash, Cic; prov., canis 
a corio nunquam absterrebitur uncto, ii is diffi- 
cult to change a confirmed habit, Hor. ; 2, a 
leathern thong, straji, lash, Plant. 

Cornelius -a -um, name of a Roman gens, the 
most famous members of. which u-ere, 1, 1'. Corn. 
Scipio Africanus major, the conqueror of Han- 
nibal ; 2, P. Corn. Scipio Aemilianus AfVicdiius 
minor, son of L. Aemilius Paulus, adopted by 
P. Corn. Scipio (mo:i of Africanus major), the 
destroyer of Carthago ; 3, Cornelia, the youngest 
daughter of Africanus major, vile of Tib. Seni- 
prouins Gracchus, the mother of the.Graochi ; 
4, Cornelia, the daughter of Qu. Metellus Scipio, 
wife first of P. Licin. Crassus, afterwards of Pom- 
pejus. Adj., Comelianus -a -um, Cornelian. 

Cornelius Nepos, v. Nepos'. 

corneolus -a -um (dim. of 1. corneus), horny, 

1. corneus -a -um (cornu), 1, homy, made of 
horn; rostrum, Cic; 2, a, like horn, hard; 
cornea libra, Pers. ; b, hom-coloiifed, Plin. 

'2. corneus -a -um (comns), relating or be- 
longing to the cornel 'tree ; virgulta, Verg. 

cornicen -clnis, m. (cornu and cano), o 
horn-blower, Cic. 

cornicor, 1. dep. (comix), to caw like a cron>, 

cornicula -ae, f. (dim. of comix), a little 
crow, Hor. 

cornlcularlus -Ii, ;n. (cornicnium), a soldier 
who has been presented with the cornicnium, an 
adjutant, Suet. 

1. corniculum -i, n. (dim. of cornu), 1, a 

little horn, Plin. ; 2, an ornament on the helmet 
given to deserving soldiers, Liv. 

2. Corniculum -i, u. a town in latium. 
Adj., Corniculanus -a -um, Cornicntlan. 

cornlger -gfira -gerum (cornu and gero), 
homed, Cic. Subst., cornigera -orum, n. 

horned cattle, Plin. 

cornipes -pedis (cornu and pes), horn-footed, 
hoofed ; equi, Verg. 

comix -icis, f. (root COR, whence Kopw'nj, 
corvus, curvus, crooked), the crow ; natura cervis 
et cornicibus vitam diuturnam dedit, Cic; gar- 
rula, Ov. ; annosa, Hor.; prov., corniouui oculos 
confjgere, and ellipt., qui coniici oculum, ut 
dicitur, to deceive the sagacious, Cic. 

cornu -us and (rarely) -u, n. (xtpa?). I. J, it., 
1, the horn of animals, of the bull, rain, gnat, 
stag, etc., Cic ; Cornu Copiao (Cornucopia), the 
horn of the goat Amalthra, the sign oj plenty, 
Hor.; cornu, poet, for strength, courage-; tollere 
cornna in aliqnem, Hor. ; corniia stunere, gain 
courage, Ov. ; 2, a, of things of similar material, 
a hoof, Verg. ; a beak of a. bird, Ov. ; b, of things 
resembling a horn in shape, the elephant's tusk, 
Varr. ; c, of things made of horn, a bow. Verg. ; 
a- large curved trumpet, or horn, Cic ; » lantern, 
Plant.; an oil cruet, Hor. ; a funnel, Verg. II. 
Transf., A. The horn, as the point or end of 
anything, the top of the helmet, Verg. ; the ends 
of the sail-yards, Verg. ; the ends of the staff round 
which parchments were rolled, Ov. ; the horns of 
the moon, Cic. ; the. arm of a river, Ov. ', the end 
of a promontory, Liv. ; the corner or extremity of 
a country, Liv.; the wing of an army, dextrum, 
sinistrum, Caes. B. growth like a horn, a 
large wart cm the head, Hor. (arc eornum, Ov.). 




Cornucopia -ae, v. cornu. 

cornum -i, n. (cornus), 1, the fruit of the 
cornel, Verg. ; 2, the wood of the cornel-tree ; 
meton. appear mcule of cornel-wood, Ov. 

oomus -i, and -us, f. (cornu), lit. the horn- 
tree ; 1, the cornel-tree (cornus mascula, Linn.), 
so called from the toughness of its wood ; 2, 
the wood of the cornel-tree aud meton. a javelin 
made of cornel-wood, Ov '. . . 

cornutns -a -nm (cornu), horned; aves,'Ov. 

corolla -ae, f. (dim. of corona), n little crown, 
Cat u 

CdroebUS -i, m. a Phrygian, son of My g don. 

corollarium -li, n. (corolla), originally, a 
garland of flowers, then, a garland of gilt or sil- 
vered flowers given away to actors, etc., Varr. ; 
hence, a present, douceur, gratuity, Cic. 

corona -ae, f. (icopwiTj). I. Lit. a wreath, 
garland, chaplet, crown, Cic. ; castrensis, triumph- 
alls, navalis, civica, obsidionalis, muralia, nav- 
alis, Cic. ; sub corona vendere, to sell into slavery 
prisoners of xuar who wore ehaplets, Cic. ; also, 
sub corona venire, Liv. ; regni corona, a diadem, 
Verg. II. Transf., 1, a constellation, the north- 
ern crown, Cic. ; 2, ft circle, assembly of men, 
Cic. ; inilit. t.t. the besiegers of a city; (urbem) 
corona ciugere, to invest, Caes. ; or, the defenders 
of a city, or place; corona vallum defendere, 
Liv. ; 3, the halo round the sun, Sen. 

cdronarius -a -urn (corona), relating to a 
garland, Plin. ; aurum, originally, the golden, 
crown sent by the provinces to a victorious general, 
aftor wards changed to a sum of money, Cic. 

Corouc -es, f. (Kopwi'>j), a town in Messenia. 
Adj., Coronaeus -a -um, Coronaean. 

Cor6nea-ae, f. (Kopwi/cia), a town inBoeotia. 
Adj., Coronaeus -a -tun, Coronaean. 

Coroneus -Si, m. king in Phocis, father of 

Cdronis -ldis, f. (Kopwn's), daughter of Phleg- 
yas, mother of Aesculapius ; hence Coronides 
-ae, in. Aescida.pius. 

corono, 1. (corona). I. Lit. to wreathe, crown, 
with a garland; aras, Prop. ; puppiin, Ov. ;crat- 
era, Verg. ; sequebantur epulae, quas inibantpro- 
pinqui coronati, Cic. ; qnis magna coronari eon- 
temnat Olympia, to be crowned as conqueror at 
the Olympic games, Hor. II. Transf. to surround, 
enclose in the form of a circle; coronant myrteta 
summum lacum, Ov. ; omnem abitmn custode, 

corporalis -e \corpus), relating to. the body, 
corporeal, Sen. 

corporeus -a -um (corpus), 1, relating to the 
body, corporeal; ille corporeus (ignis), Cic. ; 2, 
fleshy, consisting of flesh; humerus, Ov. 

corporo, 1. (corpus), to form into a body, pro- 
ride with a body-; nmndus eorporatus, Cic. 

corpiilentia -ae, f. (corpulent us), fatness, 

corpulence, Plin. ; - "■■ ■• - 

oorpulentus -a -um, adj.' with "com par. 
(corpus), fat, stout, corpulent, Plant. 

corpus -poris, n. (root COR, as in cortex). 
I. Lit. A. Gen. 1, a body, substance (opp. ani- 
mus, anima), the body ofmeiktmd animals; animi 
voluptates et dolores nasci e corporis volup- 
tatibus et rtoloribus, Cic. ; hence, ft person ; de- 
lecta virum corpora, Verg. ; nnum vile atque 
infnme corpus, Liv. ; 2, ft lifeless substance, mass; 
individua corpora, the atoms, Cic. B. Esp. 1, 
flesh; ossa subjecta corpori, Cic. ; corpus amit- 
tere, to lose flesh, Cic. ; abiit corpusque colorque, 
Ov. ; 2, a corpse, Caes. ; poet, of the souls of the 
dead, Verg. ; 3, the trunk, Ov. II. Transf. any 
whole like a body; 1. the framework of a sh ip, Caes.; 

2, the "body politic;" totum corpis reipublicae, 
Cic. ; 3, any whole, collection, mass ; a, of mili- 
tary works, Caes. ; b, of the world, uuiversi- 
tatis corpus, Cic. ; c, of a book, corpus omnia 
juris Homani, Liv. ; d, a collection of persons; 
(a) of the state, ciusdem corporis, Liv. ; corpus 
nullum civitatis, Liv. ; (p) of a corporation; (4 
■political union, Liv. 

corpusciilum -i, n. (dim. of corpus), a little 
body, corpuscle, ato"m,'Cic. ' 

corrado -rasi -rasum, 3. (com and rado), 
to scrape or rake together. A. Lit., Lucr. B. 

Transf. to scrape together money, Plaut. . 

correctio -onis, f. (corrigo), 1, improvement; 
amendment; correctio philosophiae veteris et 
einendatio, Cic. ; 2, in rhet, a figure of speech, in 
which an expression already used is replaced by a 
stronger one (Gr. enavopdioo-ts), Cic 

corrector -oris, m. (corrigo), an improver, 
amcuder, corrector; corrector atque emendator 
nostrae civitatis, Cic. ; emendator et corrector 
noster, Cic. 

correpo -repsi -reptum, 3. (com and repo), 
to creep or crawl together, to slink in; in onera- 
riam (navein), Cic. ; quoi non correpunt mem- 
bra pavore, whose limbs do not shrink with 
fear ? Lucr. 

correpte, adv. with compar. (correptus, 
from corripio), shortly; correptius exit syllaba, 

corrideo. 2. (com and rideo), to laugh together, 
laugh loudly, Lucr. • 

corrigia -ac, f. ft shoe-string, boot-lace, Cic. 

corrigo -rcxi -rectum, 3. (com & rego), to wide 
straight, reduce to order, set right. I, Gen. hide, 
acgre cursum, Liv. II. a, to correct, improve, 
amend ; praeterita "magis reprehendi possunt 
quam corrigi, Liv. ; mores, Cic. ; alicuius seu- 
tentiam, Cic. ; non modo superiores sed etiam 
se ipse correxerat, Cic. ; b, of writing, to correct; 
eas epistolas ego oportet perspiciam, corrigam, 
Cic. ; laudationcm Porciae tibi correctam misi, 

corripio -ripui -reptum, 3. (com and rapio). 
I. to seise violently, lay hold of, take up. A. Lit., 
hominem corripi jussit, Cic. ; arcumque maim 
eeleresque sagittas, Verg. ; se corripere, to hasten 
away, Verg. ; corpus corripere, to start up, Verg. 
B. Transf., a, to plunder, carry off; peouniam," 
Cic. ; b, to ftcewse, bring to trial; statimcorripit 
renin, Tac. ; c, to blame, rebuke; eonsules, Liv, j 
voce magistri corripi, Hor.:; d, of disease etc, 
to attack; nee singula morbi corpora compiunt, 
Verg. ; e, of the passions, to overcome; visae 
COITepfcus imagine formae, Ov. II. to gather 
together; 1, of motion, to hasten; tarda necess- 
itas teli corripuit gradum, Hor. ; viam, to 
hasten over, Verg. ; campum, Verg. ; 2, of time, 
to shorten; niunina eorripiant moras, Ov. 

corroboro, 1. (com and roboro). A. Lit. to 
strengthen, invigorate; se corroborare, to gain, 
strength ; quum is se corroboravisset et vir iutev 
viros esset, Cic. B. Transf., conjurationein non 
credendo corroborare, Cic. 

corrodo -rosi -rGsum, 3. (coin and redo), to 
gnaw away ; Platonis Politiam nupei' apud me 
mures corroserunt, Cic. 

corrogo, 1. (com and rogo). to bring together, 
collect by begging ; nummulos cle nepotum donis, 
Cic. ; auxilia ab sooiis, Liv. 

corrugo, 1. (com and rugo) to wrinkle up ; ne '. 
sordida mappa corruget nares, make you turn . 
up your nose in disgust, Hor. 

corrumpo -rapi -ruptum, S. I. to destroy, 
annihilate; sua frumenta corrumperc et aedi-. . 
ficia incendere, Caes. ; vineaiTteni et lapidibus, 




SnlL ; fes familiares, Sail. ; libertatem, Tac. ; 
lmilto dolore corrupts vnluptas, Hor. II. to 
spoil, mar, make worse, deteriorate ; a, physi- 
cally, oonclnaa aqua facile corminpitur, Cic; 
Ceres corrupts undjs, corn spoiled by sea-water, 
Verg. ; of annuals and men, to weaken; corrupti 
equi lnacie, Caes. ; b, of pronunciation, to cor- 
rupt; nouicn eoram paulatim Libyea corrapere, 
barbarri lingua Mauros pro Medis appellantes, 
Sail. ; c, of writings, etc., (o/a/si/i/;tabulas pub- 
licas nmnicipii maim sua corruuipere, Cic. ; d, 
morally, to corrupt ; mores civitatis, Cic. ; huius 
urbis jura et exempla corrumpere, Cic. ; milites 
soluto imperin liceutiantque lasciviacorniperat, 
Sail. ; corrurnpere nliquem pecunia, tobribe, Cic. 

corrfio -rui, 3. (com nndruo). I. Intransit., 
ro fall to the ground, fill together, sink down. A. 
Lit., a, corruerunt aedes, Cic. ; conclave illud 
proxiuianocte corruit, Cic. ;b, of persons, paene 
ille tlmore, ego risu corrui, Cic. ; esp., to fall in 
battle; ubl vero corruit telis obrutus, Liv. B. 
Transf., ilia plaga pestifera qua Lacedaemoni- 
oruin opes corruerunt, Cic. ; of persons, to be 
ruined ; si uno meo fato et tu et onines mei 
corruistis, Cic. II. Transit., to throw down, 
overthrow; lianc rerum summani, Lucr. 

coiTupte, adv. with conipar. and superl. 
(corruptus), corruptly, incorrectly ; neque de- 
pravate judicare neque corrupte, Cic. 

COITUptela -ae, f. (corruptus), the means of 
romtption, corruption, bribery, seduction; mores 
liac dulcedine corruptelaque depravati, Cic; 
pecuniosi rei corruptelam judicii niolientes, Cic. 

corrupt! O -onis, f. (corrumpo), corruption, 
a corrupting ; corporis, Cic. ; opinionum, Cic. 

corrupter -oris, m. (corrumpo), a corrup- 
ter, seducer, briber; juventutis, Cic; tribus, 
briber, Cic; exercitus, Liv. 

corruptrix -icis, f. (fern, of corrnptor), one 
that corrupts or seduces; attrib. = corrupting; 
tarn corrnptrice provincia, Cic. 

corruptus -a -urn, p. adj. with enmpar. and 
superl. (corrumpo), spoiled, damaged, corrupted, 
corrupt. I. Lit., physically, hordeum, Caes. 
H. Transf., morally, civitas, Sail.; judicia, Cic; 
adulescentulus, Cic. 

cors = cohors (q.v.). 

Corsica -ae, f. the island of Corsica in the 
Mediterranean Sea. Adj., Corsus -a -um, and 
Corsicua -a -um, Corsican. 

cortex -tlcis, m. and f. bark, rind, shell; 
a, the bark of trees ; obduenntur libro aut cortice 
trunci (lilier — the inner bark), Cic. ; b, esp., the 
bark of the cork tree, cork, Hor. ; prov., nare sine 
cortice, to swim without corks, i.e., to need no 
assistance, Hor.; levior cortice, Ilor. 

Cortina -ae, f. 1, a round kettle or caldron, 
Plaut. ; esp. the caldron-slurped Delphic tripod; 
cortina Phoebi, ffte oracle of Apollo, Verg.; 2, 
anything in the shape of a wldron, a circle of 
hearers, Tac 

Cortona -ae, f. (Kopruva), Cortona, a town of 
Etruria. Adj., Ccrtonensis -e, of or belong- 
ing to Cortona. 

corulus = corylus (q.v ). 
corns = caurus (q.v.). 

corusco. 1. (connected with tcopvo-o-u). L to 
butt with the horns, Cic. II. A. Transit., to 
•move quickly, shake; telum, Verg.; of Bnakcs, 
linguae, Ov. B. Intransit., a, coruscant (apes) 
pennis, flutter, Verg. ; coruscat abies, Juv. ; b, to 
shine, flash, glitter; apes fulgore coruscant, 

CoruBCUS -a -um (corusco), 1, shaking, 
trembling: ailvae, Verg.; 2, gleaming, flashing ; 

fulgura, Lucis ; sol, Verg. ; juvenes auro CoruSCl, 

1. corvus -i, m. (tdoaf), a raven, Cic; prov., 
in cruce corvos pascere, to be food for the crows, 

to be crucified, Hor. 

2. Corvus -i, m. a surname of a family of the 
gens Valeria, Cic. 

Corybas -bantia, m. (Kop</'/3as), gen. in plur., 
Corybantes -ium, m. priests cf Cybele. Adj., 
Corybantlus -a -um, Coryliamian. 

Coryddes, nymphae, (KupviciSet). daughter 
of Plistus. 

1. Corycius -a -um (Kiopu'/aos). belonging to 
the Corycian caves on Mount Parnassus. 

2. Coryclus -a -um, v. Corycos, 1. 

1. Corycosor -US -i, f. (Kw'pi'/eos), 1, a mc.un- 
tain and city of Cilicia, celebrated for a care a>ht 
the cultivation of saffron ; hence adj., C6ry- 
C1US -a -um, Corycian; crocum, Hor.; senex, 
Cilician, Verg. ; 2, a promontory on the coast of 
Ionia. _ 

2. COryCUS -i, in. (icu'ipvKos), a sand-baa in the. 
palaestra, which the athletes struck to exercise their 
strength ; tig., corycus laterum et vocis meae, 
Bestia, Cic. 

coryletum -i, n. (corylus), a hazel coj>se, Ov. 

corylus -i, f. (* /cdpvAos), a hazel tree, Verg., 

O v - ^ 
corymbifer -fera -ferum (corymbus and 

fero), carrying bunches of ivy berries, epithet of 
Bacchus, Ov. 

corymbus -i, m. (Acdpivi/9os), a bunch of 
flowers or fruit, esp. a cluster of ivy berries, Verg.' 

coryphaeus -i, m. (icopi^aio?), the leader, 
chief, head ; Epicureorum Zeno, Cic. 

C5rythus -i (Kopvtfo?), 1 f. a town in 
Etruria, afterwards Cortona; 2, m. the legen- 
da ryfou n der of Corythus. 

cdrytus -i, m. (yupvTos), a quiver, Verg. 

1. COS, cijtis, f. any hard, flinty stone, Cic ; 
esp. a whetstone, grindstone, Hor., Cic 

2. Cos, v. Coos. 

Cosa (Cossa) -ae, f. (K<Wa) ami Cossae 
-arum, f. (Kdcr<T<u), 1, a tow7i in Etruria. Adj., 
Cosanus -a -um, Cosan ; 2, a town in Lueania. 

COSineteS -ae, m. (icocrp.»JTn5), the slave who 
had charge of his mistress's wardrobe and toilet, 

COSmiCOS -uu (<co(r/iiic6s), belonging to the 
world. Subst., o citizen of the world, Mart. 
_ Cossyra (Cosyra) and Cossura (Cos - 
ura) -ae, f. (Koo-crvpa), a small island between 
Sicily and Africa, now Pantalaria. 

COSta -ae, f. 1, a rib, Verg. ; 2, a side ; aeni, 

costum -i, n. (kootos), an eastern aromatic 
plant, employed in the preparation of unguents, 

Cosura and Cosyra = Cossyra (q.v.). 

cothurnatus -a -um (cothurnus), provided 
with a buskin, hence sublime, tragic ; deae, Ov. 

cothurnus -i, m. (ic66opvo<). I. a large hunt- 
ing boot, reaching to the calf, and laced vp the 
Jront, Verg. II. the thick-soled boot vrorn by 
tragic actors. A. Lit., cothurnus tragicus, Hor. ; 
cothurnus major, minor, Cic. B. Transf., a, 
tragedy, Hor.; b, a tragic, elevated style; sola 
Sophocleo tua carmina digna cothurno, Verg. 

cotidianus, cotidie = quotidianus, etc. 

Cotoneus, v. Cydonea. 

Cotta - -■ a cognomen, of a family of the 
gens Aurelia, 




eottiibus -i, m. (Kdrra^os), a game played by 
throwing heeltaps of wine into a brazen basin ; 
hence, from the similarity of sound, the crack of 
a whip, Plaut. 

cottana (cotona, coctona, coctana) 

-orum, n. (icoTTava), a kind of suiall Syrian fig, 

Cottius -li, m. name of the kings of two Ligu- 
rian peoples in the Cottiaii Alps, so called after 
them. Adj., Cottianus -a -urn, Cottian. 

cStula or cStyla -ae, f. (koti/Ajj), a measure 
of capacity, half a sextarius, Mart. 

coturnix -icis, f. a quail, Ov. 

Cotys -tyis, ace. -tyn, voc. -ty, abl.-tye, m. 
(Kotvs), 1, name of several l'hracian princes; 
2, brother of Mithridates, 2>rince of the Bosporus. 

Cotytto -us, f. (Kotuttw), the goddess of un- 
chastily, originally worshipped in Thrace, after- 
wards in Alliens and Corinth also. Cotyttia 
-orum, n. the festival of Cotytto, Hor. 

cdvinarius and covinnarius -ii, m. one 

who fights from a war chariot, Tac. 

covinus (covinnus), i., m. (a Celtic word), 
1, the war-chariot of the ancient Britons and Bel- 
gians, Luc. ; 2, a travelling-chariot, Mart. 

coxa -ae, f. the hip-bone, Plin. 

coxendix -Icis, f. (coxa), the hip, the hip- 
bone, Plin. 

Crabra or Aqua Crabra, a small river 
near Tusculum. 

crabro -onis, m. a hornet, Verg. 

CragUS -i, in. (Kpayo?), a promontory of 

crambe -es, f. (icpanpn), cabbage, Plin. ; 
crambe repetita, cold cabbage warmed up, i.e. 
stale repetitions, Juv. 

Cranon (Crannon) -onis, f. (KpaviLv, or 
Kpavi'tov), a town in 1'hessaly. Adj. Craaon- 
1US (Kpa.vuvi.os) -a -mn, Cranonian. 

Crantor -6ris, m. I. Myth., the armour- 
bearer of Peleus. II. Hist., a philosopher of the 
old Academy. 

Cranli -orum, m. a town on the island of 

crapula -ae, f. (>ep<n7raA>7), intoxication, 
drunkenness, drunken revel ; crapulam edormire 
et exhalare, Qc. 

eras, adv., 1, to-morrow ; scies igitur fortasse 
eras, Cic. ; subst., eras istud, quando venit, 
Mart. ; 2, in the future; quod sit futurum eras, 
fuge quaerere, Hor. 

crasse, adv., with compar. (crassus), grossly, 
rudely, roughly ; crasse compositum poema, Hor. 

crassitude >.is. f. (crassus), thickness ; pari- 
etum, Caes. ; aeris, density, Cic. 

1. crassus -a _um, thick, dense, solid. A. 
Lit., unguentum, hor. ; aer, misty, Cic. ; Ilium, 
Cic. ; toga, coarse-grained, Hor. ; ager, fruitful, 
Cic. B. Transf., Ofellus rusticus crassa Min- 
erva, of sound common sense, Hor. ; turba, rude, 
uncultivated, Mart. 

•J. Crassus -i, m. name of a family of the 
gens Liciuia (q.v.). 

crastinus -a -urn (eras), relating to to-mor- 
row; dies crastinus, Cic.; diecrastina, to-morrow, 
Liv. Subst., orastinum -1, n. the morrow; in 
crastiuum differre aliquid, Cic. 

Crataeia -idis, f. (Kparauj), mother ofScylla, 
a nymph. 

crater -eris, in. (/cpanjp) = cratera (q.v.). 

cratera -ae, f. I. Lit.,-\<. ;-%e bowl in 
which ivine was mixed ivith water, Cic. II. 

Transf., 1, an oil-cruet, Verg. ; 2, the water of a 
volcano, Liter., or a volcanic fissure in Hie earth, 
Ov. ; 3, a constellation, the cup, Ov. 

Craterus -i, m. (Kparepo?), 1, a general of 
Alexander the Great ; 2, a celebrated physician in, 
the time of Cicero ; appellat. = a skilled physi- 
cian, Hor. 

Crathis -thidis, m. (Kpo0«)i a river near 
Thurii, between Lucania and JSruttium, now 

Cratinus -i, m. (Kparlvot), an Athenian 
comic poet, contemporary of Aristophanes. 

Cratippus -i, m. (KpaTi7T7ro5), a pcrijmlelic 
philosopher of Athens, teacher of Cicero's son. 

cratis -is. A. Lit. a frame or basket made of 
hurdles; also, a harroiv, Verg. ; milit. t.t, fas- 
cines, Caes. ; sub crate necari, an old method of 
capital punishment, by which the accused was 
placed under a hurdle, and pressed to death with 
great stones, Liv. B. Transf., favorum, honey- 
comb, Verg. ; spinae, the joints of the backbone, 

0v - 

creatio -onis, f. (creo), choice, election; mngis- 

tratuum, Cic. 

creator -oris, in. (creo), the creator, maker, 
founder; huius urbis Romulus creator, Cic.; 
father, Ov. 

creatrix -Icis, f. (creator), she who brings 
forth or produces, a mother ; natura rerum, Lucr. ; 
diva, Verg. 

creber -bra -bruin, adj. with compar. and 
superl. (root CRE, whence creo, cresco). I. Of 
space, thick, crowded together, close, pressed to- 
getlier; a, creberrimaaedilicia, Caes. ; ereberrinia 
grando, Liv. ; crebri ignes, Sail. ; b, thick with, 
full of; with abl., creber arundinilnis lacus, Ov.; 
qui(Thucydides), ita creber est rerum frsQ" e'tia, 
Cic. II. Of time, repeated, numerous,; 
a, crebra inter se colloquia habere, Caes.; crebri 
ictus, Verg. ; creberrimus sermo, Cie. ; b, creber 
pulsat, he beats repeatedly, Verg. ; Africus creber 
procellis, abounding in, Verg. ; in scribendo 
multo essem crebrior quain tu, Cie. 

crebresoo (crebesco), -brui (-biii), 3. (creber), 
to become frequent, increase, gather strength, ex- 
tend; seditio crebrescens, Tac. ; horror, Verg. ; 
crebrescunt optatae aurae, Verg. ; crebrescit viv- 
ere Agrippam, the report is spread abroad that, 
etc., Tac. 

crebrltas -atis, f. (creber), thickness, close- 
ness, frequencu ; oeutentiarum, Cic. ; officiorum, 

crebro, adv., with compar. crebrius and 
superl. creberriine (creber), repeatedly, frequently, 
very often; ad aliquem crebrius litteras mitterey 
Cic. ; crebro respicere Romam, Ov. 

credlbilis -e, adj. with compar. (credo), 
credible, worthy of belief; narrationes credibiles 
sint, Cic. ; credibile est (fit, videtur), followed 
by ace. and infin., ita fit credibile deorum et ho- 
luinnin causii factum esse muudum, Cic. ; vix 
credibile est, Hor. 

credibiliter, adv. with compar. (credibilis), 
credibly, Cic. 

creditor -oris, in. (credo), a creditor ; tab- 
ulae creditoris, Cic. ; fraudare creditores. 

credltum -i, n. (credo), a loan, Sail. 

credo -dldi -dituni. 3. I. to trust ; 1. to con- 
fide, trust in, rely upon, place confidence in; with 
dat. of person, credere scrum nemini, Cic.; with 
dat. of thing, praesenti fortunae non credere, 
Liv. ; 2, to believe, give credence to ; his auctoribus 
temere credens, Caes. ; often parenthetic, inihi 
crede or crede mini, believe me, take my advice; 
venies, mihi crede, exspectatus, Cic. ; with dat. 
of thing, fabulia, Cic. ; lacriinis, Oy. ; somniiSi 




Cic. ; with Je, non credis de numero railitum, 
Cic. II. to trust, in relation to something; 1, 
to entrust, commit, trust something to some one ; a, 
anna iniliti, Liv. ; ulicui res onines, Cic. ; so 
perhdis hostibus, Ov. ; acieni campo, Verg. ; b, 
to entrust to the secrecy of some one; alicui arcanos 
sensus, Vers. ; c, to lend ; alicui pecuniam, Cic. ; 
absol., to lend; CKdendi modum constituent, 
Cic; often in partic perf., pecunia credits or 
res creditae, loons, Cic. ; 2, to believe something; 
a, to be convinced of as true ; fere libenter hom- 
ines id quod volant credunt, Caen. ; esp. paren- 
thetic, quod quideui niagis credo, Cic. ; with 
ace. and infln., Caes., Cic, or relative sentence, 
Hor.; b, to think, to be nf the opinion; with ncc 
and infln., credo ego vos, .indices, inirari, Cic. ; 
moesti (crederes victos) redeunt in castra, yon 
would think, Liv. ; in pass., with noin and infln., 
pro certo creditur necato iilio vacuam domum 
scelestis nuptiis fecisse, Sail. ; with ace. and 
infin., quorum neminem nisijuvante- deo talem 
fuisse credendum est, Cic. ; parenthetic, credo, 
I believe, I think; male, credo, mererer de meis 
civibus, si, etc., Cic. 

creduliias -a*is, f. (credulus), credulity; 
ap. Cic. 

credulus -a -urn (credo). A. Act. believing 
easily, credulous, confiding; alicui, Verg.; in 
aliquid, Ov. ; stultus et credulus auditor, Cic. 
B. Pass. easily believed, fama, Tac 

Cromer a -ae, in. re ri ver in Etruria, near which 
300 Pabii were killed. Adj., CremerCMSls -e. 

cremo, 1. to bum, consume by fire; a, libros 
in conspectu populi, Liv.; regalia tecta, Ov. ; b, 
esp., of the burning of the bodies of the dead, 
Sulla primus e patriciis Corneliis igni voluit 
cremari, Cic. ; corpus alicuius, Cic; c, of sacri- 
fices, crcniatos igni vitulos, Ov. 

Cremona -ae, f. Cremona, a town in N.Italy. 
Ad; remonensis, -e, of Cremona. 

Cremonis jugum, a mountain range in the 
Pennine Alps. 

cremor -oris, m. the thick juice obtained from 
animal or vegetable substances, pulp, cream, etc., 

1. creo, 1. (root CER, CRE, whence cresco), 
to make, create, produce. I. Gen., a, omnes res 
quas et creat nature et tuetur, Cic. ; alicui per- 
iculum, Cic; b, to beget a child, Cic; pass. 
partic, creatus with abl., of father or mother 
= daughter or son, Telamonc creatus, Ov. II. 
a, to institxtte an office or magistracy; tribuniciam 
potestatein, Liv. ; b, to elect a magistrate or 
priest ; consules, Cic ; with double ace., Ancum 
Marcium regem populus creavit, Liv. 

2. Creo -onis, and Creon -ontis, m. king of 
Corinth, whose daughter Creusa VMS betrothed to 

creper-pSra-perum (Sabine word connected 
with KvfQas), dark, obscure, uncertain, Lucr. 

crepida -ae, f. (kotjtti's), a sundal, Cic. ; prov. 
ne sutor ultra crepidam, shoemaker, stick to your 
last, Plin. 

crepldatus -a -urn (crepida), wearing sandals, 

crepido -inis, f. (rp^i's), 1, a base, founda- 
tion, pedestal, Cic. ; 2, a quay, pier, Cic. 

crepitacillum-i, n. (dim. of crepitaculum), 
a little rattle, Luor. 

orepitaoulum -i, n. (crepito), re rattle, Quint 

orSpito, 1. (freq. of crepo), to rattle, ereak, 
crackle, rustle, clatter; crepitantia anna, Ov. ; 
lenis crepitans auster, rustling. Verg. ; multS 
grandine nimbi cnlminibus crepitant, Verg. 

crepitus -us, m. (crepo), a rattling, creaking, 
miaili-na. clattering; di^itorum, snapping the 

fingers, Mart. ; pedum, Cic. ; dentium, Cic : 
aeris, Liv. ; viridis inateriae flagrantis, Liv. ; 
alarum, Liv. 

crepo -pfii -pTtuiu, 1. I. Intransit., to creak, 
rattle, rustic, crackle; digiti crepantis signa, a 
snapping nf the fingers tocoll a servants attention, 
Mart.; acuta in niurice remi obnixi crepuere, 
crashed, Verg.; crepat in mediis la urns adusta 
focis, crackle, Ov. II. Transit., a, to ivnse to 
resound, rattle; quum populus freqnens laetiiin 
theatris ter crepuit sonuin, Hor.; to talk much 
of, chatter about, prate about; sulcos, Hor.; b, 
innnunda ignominiosaque verba, Hor. ; post vina 
grnveni inilitiairi aut pauperism, Hor. •■ ; ' 

crepundia -oruni, n. (crepo), child's play- 
things, rattle ; naevo aliquo aut crepundiis ali- 
qnem cognoscere, Cic. 

crepusciilum -i, n. (creper), twilight. I. 
Gen., dubiae crepuscula lucis, Ov. II. Esp., 
evening twilight; inducunt obscure crepuscula 
noctem, Ov. 

Cres -etis, m., v. 1. Creta. 

cresco, crevi, cretuin, 3. (inchoat. from root 
CER, whence creo, creare). I. to growvp, spring 
forth, arise; quaecunque e terra corpora cres- 
cunt, Lucr. ; erescentes segetes, Ov. ; iu past 
partic, cretus, sprung from; mortali sefnine, 
Ov. ; Trojano a sanguine, Verg. II. to grow, in- 
crease in si:e ; 1, a. fruges, arbusta, annnantes, 
Lucr. ; in longitudinem, Plin. ; lit cum luna 
pariter crescaut pariterque decreseant, Cic ; b, 
esp. of boys, to grow up; toti salufifer orbi 
cresce, puer, Ov ; 2, to increase in heigh', 
number, etc. ; Roma interim crescit Albae 
ruinis, Liv. ; quum Albanus lacus praeter 
modum crevisset, Cic. ; luna crest-ens, waxing, 
Cic ; crescit in dies singulos hostium Humerus, 
Cir. ; erescentes morbi, Cic; crescebat in eos 
odium, Cic ; 3. to grow great, increase in fame, 
power, etc. ; pater per se crevisset, Caes. 

1. Creta -ae, f. and Crete -es, f. (KpTJT>j), 
the Mediterranean island of Crete, now Candia ; 
hence, 1, Cr6s_-etis, m., Cretan; subst., a Cre- 
tan, plur., Crates -um, m. the Cretans; 2, 
Cressa -ao, f. Cretan; Cressa nota, of Cretan 
chalk, Hor.; bus, Pas-iphae, Prop.; subst., 
Ariadne, Aerope, Ov. ; 3, Cresius -a -mn, 
Cretan; 4, Cretaeus -a -um, Cretan; subst., 
Epimenides,_Fro^.; 5, Cretanus -i, in. a Cret- 
an; 6, Cretensis -is, Cretan; 7, Creticus 
-a -um, Cretan ; subst., the surname ofjj. Metellus 
from his conquest of the island ; 8, Cretis -tidis, 
f. Cretan. 

2. creta -ae, f. (prop. adj. of 1. Creta), 
Cretan earth, chalk, or a kind of fuller s earth, 
used for cleansing garments, Plant. ; used also 
for painting the face, Hor. ; for seals, Cic. 

cretatus -a -um (2. creta), chalked ; fascia, 
Cic; transf., ambitio, the canvassing of the white- 
robed coJidiHates, Prop. 

creteus -a -um (2. creta), made of chalk or 
Cretan earth, Lucr. 

cretio -onis, f. (cerno), a declaration of an 
heir accepting an inheritance. 

cretiila -ae, f. (dim. of creta), white clay far 
sealing, ClC. 

Creusa -ae, f. (Kpe'oixra), 1, daughter nf 
Creon, king ofCorinih, wife of Jason; 2, daughter 
of Priam, wife of Aeneas ; 3, : a p-orl in Poeotia. 

cribrum -i, n. (from root CRE, CRI, whence 
also cerno), a sieve, Cic. 

orimen -!nis, n. (from root CRE, CRI, Gr. 
EFI, whence cerno, xpivu). I. A. Lit., accusa- 
tion, complaint, reproa? h , calumi y ; esse in dim- 
ino, to be accused, Cic. ; dare alicui aliquid crirmni, 




Cic. ; propulsare, defendere, to repel, confute, Cic. 
B. Meton., an object of reproach; perpetuae crim- 
en posteritatis eris, Ov. II. the fault, guilt, crime, 
with which a person is charged. A. Lit., haee 
causa est omnium horum scelerum atqne crim- 
inum, Cic. B. Meton, a, an object representing 
a crime; pictas caelestia criniina vestes, Ov. ; 
b, cause of crime ; se causani clamat crimenque 
caputque lualorum, Verg. 

criminatio -onis, f. (criminor), an accusa- 
tion, calumny, charge; ilia criminatio qua in 
me abaentem usus est, Cic. 

criminator -oris, m. (criminor), an accuser, 
calumniator, Tac. 

criminor, 1. dep. (eriinino, Plant. ; cri- 
minor, pass., Cic. ?) ; 1, to accuse, charge a person 
with a crime, to calumniate ; patres apud popul- 
uin, Liv. ; nihil Sistium, Cic. ; Q. Metellum 
apud populuin Romanum criininatus est bellum 
ducere. Cic. ; 2, to charge with, to lay something 
to the blame of some one, to complain of; lion 
licet omnia criminari, Cic; contiones quibus 
quotidie meam potentiain invidiose ciiniina- 
batur, Cic; with ace. and inrin., me esse gratum 
criminaris, Cic; absol., to reproach; argu- 
mentaudo criminari, Cic 

criminose, adv., with compar. and superl. 
(criminosus), by way of accusation, reproachfully ; 
qui suspiciosius aut crimiuosius diceret, Cic. 

criminosus -a -urn (crimen), reproachful, 
calumnious, slanderous ; ille acerbus criminosus 
popularis homo ac turbuleutus, Cic. ; criniinosum 
liomen, Cic. ; iambi, Hor. ; criniinosum est or 
tit or habetur, blameworthy, Cic. 

Crimissus (Crimisus) -i, m. (Kpi^io-o-ds, 

Kpi/xicros), a river in the south-west of Sicily. 

crinalis -e, (crinis), relating to the hair; 
vitta, Ov. Subst, crinale -is, n. a hair-band; 
curvum, a diadem, Ov. 

crinis -is, m. (root CBR, CRB, whence 
cerno, creo, cresco). A. the hair, esp. of the 
head, Cic. ; crines sparsi, Liv. ; crinibus passis, 
Liv. B. Transf., the tail of a comet, Verg. 

crinitus -a -um (crinis), provided with hair, 
hairy, with long hair. A. Lit,, Apollo, Verg. 
B. Transf., Stella crinita, a comet, Cic. 

crispisuloans -ant is (crispus and sulco), 
serpentine, ap. Cic. 

crispo, 1. (crispus), 1, to curl, crisp; capil- 
luin, Pliu. ; 2, to move rapidly up and down, 
brandish; hastilia manu, Verg. 

crispulus -a -um (dim. of crispus), curly- 
haired, curly, Mart, 

crispus -a -um, 1, curly, curly -headed, 
Plant. , Tar. ; 2, in trembling motion, trembling, 
quivering; latus, Verg.; pectcn, Juv. 

crista -ae, f. (connected with cresco, crinis), 

1, the crest of a bird, the comb of a cock, Juv. ; 

2, the crest or plume of a helmet, Verg., Liv. 

cristatus -a -um, (crista), crested; a, draco, 
Ov. ; aves, cocks, Mart. ; b, having a crest or 
plume; galeae, Liv. 

Critbote -es, f. (KpifWij), a (own on the east 
coast of the Thraclan Chersonese. 

Critias -ae, m. (Kpm'as), one of the Thirty 
Tyrants at Athens. 

criticus -i, m. ((cpiTi«ds), a critic, Cic 

Crito -6nis, m. (Kpirmv), a disciple and friend 
Of Socrates. 

Critohulua -i, m. (Kpn-dflovXoj), a disoiple of 

Critolaus -i, m. (Kpu-dAaos), 1, a peripatetic 
philosopher, ambassador from Athens to 'Rome, 
155 B.C. ; 2, a general of the Achaean League. 

crdceus -a -um (crocus), 1, belonging to 
saffron, saffron; odores, Verg. ; 2, saffron-coloured, 
golden, yellow; flores, Verg. 

crdcinus -a -um Ocpdxivos), belonging to 
saffron, saffron-coloured, yellow; tunica, Cat. 
Subst,, crocinum -i, n. (sc. oleum), saffron' 
oil, Prop. 

crocio, 4. (Kpujfw), to can) like a crow, Plant. 

crdcddilus -i, ni. (icpo/«>6uAo5), a crocodile, 
Cic. u 

crocota -ae, f. (sc. vestis, Gr. 6 kpokwtos, sc. 
XitioV), a saffron-coloured robe worn by women, Cic, 

crocotiila -ae, f. (dim. of crocota), a little 
saffron-coloured robe, Plaut. 

crocus -i, ni., crocum -i, n. (kpokos and 
KpoKov). I. saffron, used by the ancients not 
only as a spice and in medicine, but in the 
preparation of perfumes, Ov.; personified, Crocus, 
a young man changed into a saffron-flower, Ov. II. 
Meton., the colour of saffron, yellow, Verg. 

Croesus -i, m. (Kpoi<ro?), a king of Lydln 
famous for his wealth; appell. =a rich man, Ov. 
Adj., CroesiUS -a -um, of Croesus. 

Cromyon -onis, f. (Kpopuiov), a village in 

crotalia -orum, n. (kpotoAki), an earring 
consisting of several pendant pearls, Ters. • , 

crotalistria -ae, f. a female dancer and per. 
former on the castanets, Prop. 

crotalum -i, n. (uporaKov), a Castanet, Verg. 

Croto (Cr6ton) -onis, c (Kponov), a town on 
the east coast of Bruttium, now Crotone. Hence 

I, CrStoniates -ae, m. (KpoTomanjs), ait Inn 
habitant ofCrotona; 2, adj., Crotoniensis -e, 
of Crotonu. 

Crotopiades -ae, m. (KpoTwiriaSris), the poet 
Linus, grandson, on the mother's side, ofCrotopus, 
king of Argos, Ov. 

cruciamentum -i, n. (crttcio), torture, tor. 
blent, Cic. 

crucfatus -us, m. (crucio), torture, torment, 
execution ; onmes animi cruciatus et corporis," 
Cic. ; per cruciatum interficere, Caes. ; quin tu 
abi in malam pestein malumque cruciatum, go 
and be hanged, Cic. 

crucio, 1. (crux), to torture, torment; quum 
vigiliisatque fame cruciaretur, Cic; aliqueni, Cic. 

crudelis -e (crudus), unfeeling, unmerciful, 
cruel, inhuman, liardhearted ; a, of persons, crud- 
elissimustyrannus, Cic. ; Lepidus erudelis in lib- 
eros, Cic ; inhominiscousulariscalamitatecrud' 
elis, Cic ; b, of things, funus, Verg. ; bellum, 
Cic. ; consilia crudelissima, Cic. 

crudelitas -atis, f. (crudelis), cruelty, in- 
humanity ; importuna in me crudelitas, Cic 

crudeliter, adv. (crudelis), cruelly, inhu- 
manly ; imperare, Caes. ; aliqueni erudelissirne 
iuteiiicere, Cic. 

crudesco -dui, 3. to become Itard, violent ; 
crudescit morbus, Verg. ; seditio, Tac. 

cruditas -atis, f. (crudus), overloading of the 
stomach, indigestion, Cic. 

Crudus -a -um (contr. from cruidus, from 
root CRU, whence cruor), raw. X. Lit., 1, not 
prepared by fire, uncooked, raw; exta cruda 
victimae, Liv. ; 2, not ripened by the sun, unripe, 
poma, Cic; 3, a, undigested; pavo, Juv. ; b, 
suffering from indigestion; Roscius crudior fuit, 
Cic. ; 4, raw, not healed; vulnera, Ov. ; 5, un- 
prepared, rough ; cortloe crudo . hasta, Verg. 

II. Transf., 1, not -ready, immature, fresh ; ser- 
vitlum, Tac; 2, vigorous, fresh ; senectus cruda 
virldisque, Verg, j 3i rough, erud ; Getae, Ov, I 
ensis, verg. 




crftento, 1. (crucntus), to tnalv bloody, to 
itain with blood; msnus Banguine, Nep. ; glad- 
iuni, Cic. ; lis., haec te lacerat, haec cruentat 
oratio, wounds, Cic. 

cruentus -a -um (cruor), bloody. I. Gra. a, 
mired with blood; guttaeimbrium quasi cruentae, 
Cic; b, blond - red ; myrta, Verg. II. In a bad 
sense, bloody through •murder. A. Lit., covered, 
stained, spotted with blood, bloody ; umeutus sang- 
uine civnun Romanoi'tim, Cic; cadaver, Cic; 
gaudens Dellonacruentis, in the shedding of blood, 
Hor. B. Transf., a, wounding; dens, Hor.; b, 
rejoicing in blood, bloodthirsty, cruel ; ira, Hor. 

crumena -ae, f. a leathern pouch for money, 
carried by a strap rouna\ the neck. A. Lit., 
Plant. B. Transf. ^mon ey ; non detlcicntecium- 
ena, Hor. j} 

cruor -oris, m. (root CItU, whence also 
f.Tudus), the blood which flows from a wound, 
gore ; cruor inimici recentissimus, Cic ; tig., 
murder, slaughter ; cruor Cinnanus, the slaughter 
of Cinna, Cic. ; castus a cruore civili, Cic. ; ad 
caedein et cruorem abstrahi, Cic 

cruppellarii -orum, in. Gaulish gladiators, 
who fought in full armour, Tac 

orus, cruris, n. 1, the shin, shin-bone\ leg; 
frangere alicui crus or crura (of persons cruci- 
fied), Cic. ; rigida crura, Cic ; sucddere crura 
equo, Liv.; 2, plnr., the supports of a bridge, Cat. 

crusta -ae, f. 1, the cruet, rind, shell, burk 
of any substunce ; concrescunt subitac currenti 
in flumine crustae, coating of ice, Verg. ; 2, 
mosaic, inlaid work, on, walls, bus-relief, or em- 
bossing on silver plate, Cic. 

crustulum -i, n. (dim. of crustum), a little. 
cake, Hor. 

crustum -i, n. (crusia), anything baked, 
bread, cake, Verg. 

Crustiimerla -ac, f. (Kpouoronepc'a) 
( morlum -ii, n., -raerli -orum, in. -mlum 
-li, n.), a town, of the Sabines, near the sources of 
the Allia. Hence adj., 1, Crustiiminus -a 
-um, 2, Crustiimlus -a -urn, of Crustumeria. 

crux, crilcis, f. a cross; agcre aliquem in 
crucem, Cic. ; affigere aliquein cruci, Liv.; de- 
trahere aliquein ex cruce, Cic. ; minari alicui 
crucem, Cic. ; rapere aliquem in crucem, Cic. ; 
abi in rnalam cracem, go and. be hanged .' Plaut. 

crypta -ae, f. (kputttt)), a subterranean gal- 
lery, vault, crypt, grotto, Juv. 

crystallfnus -a -um (Kpvtr-rdAAti'o?), crystal- 
line, mode of crystal, Plin. Subst. , crystal 
Una -drum, n. (sc. vasa), crystal rases, Juv. 

oryatallus -i, f. and (rarely) m. (kdvo-- 
TttAA.o?) (heteioel. plur., crystalla). A. Lit., 
crystal. B. Meton., a, a crystal drinking vessel, 
Mart. ; b, the glittering, precious stone in a ring, 

Ctesiphon -phontis, m. (Kt>)o-i$<!>i'), an 
Athenian statesman, friend of Demosthenes, who 
defended him when accused by Aeschines. 

cublcularis -c (cublculum), relating to a 
she ping- room ; lectus, Cic. 

cubicularius -a -um (cublculum), belonging 
to a sleeping-room. Subst., CUblCUlariUS -ii, 

in. a chamber-servant , Cic. 

cublculum -i, n. (cubo), a sleeping- room, 
bedroom, Cic. 

cubile (cubo), 1, a bed, esp. the marriage- 
bed ; 2, the resting-place of animals, lair, den ; 
ferarum bestiarum, Liv.; rimosa cubilia, of bees, 
hives, Vers.; construere sibi cubilia nidos, Verg.; 
flg., the seat of an evil; ut omnes mortales istius 
avarit iae non jam vestigia, sad ipsa cubilia videre 

cubital -talis, n. (cubitum), an elbow cushion, 

CUbl talis -e (cubitum), of the length of a 
cubit ; cubitalis fere cava, Liv. 

ciibito, 1. (freq. of cubo), to He down often, 
be accustomed to lie, Cic. 

cubitum -i, n. and cubitus -i, m. (cubo), 

1, the elbow; cubito remanere presso, Hor. ; 2, 
a cubit, an ell, Cic. 

cubo -ui -itum, 1. 1, a, to lie down, recline; 
In lectica, Cic; b, esp. to lie down to sleep ; cub- 
itum ire, to go to bed, Cic ; c, to recline at table; 
quod memlnisset quo eorum loco quisquc cubu- 
isset, Cic ; d, to lie down from illness, to lie in 
bed ill ; eubantem disputare de hliqua re, Cic. ; 

2, applied to inanimate objects, partic. Cubans, 
sloping; Ustica, Hor. , 

CUCUllus -i, m. a hood, cowl, Juv. 

CUCUllIS -i, m. (kokkv/;), the cuckoo, Plaut. ; 
as a term of reproach, Plaut., Hor. 

CUCiimiS. -mens, m. a cucumber, Verg. 

cucurblta -ae, f. 1, a gourd, Plin.; 2, a cup- 
ping-glass, Juv. 

cudo, 3. 1, to beat, pound; fabas, lo thresh ; 
prow, istaec in me cudetur faba, / slutll suffer 
for that, Ter. ; 2, of metals, to stamp, beat out, 
coin; pluinbeos nummos, Plaut. 

culcuimodl = cujus-cujus-iuodi, of what 
kind soever, Cic. ^ 

CUJas -atis and cujatis -is (cujus from qui), 
of what country ? whence? Cic. 

cujus -a -um, 1. (cujus from qui), 1, interrog. 
pron. to whom belonging? whose ! cujuin pecua? 
whose flock ? Verg. ; 2, rclat. pron. whose, is cuja 
res sit, Cic. 

cujuscemodi (qui, ce, and modus), of what- 
ever kind, Cic. 

cujusdam-modl, of a certain kind, Cic. 

cujusmddl (quis and modus), of what kind? ■ 

cujusquemodi (quisquc and modus), of 
every kind, Cic. 

CUlcIta -ac, f. (calco), a mattress, bolster, 
pillovj ; plumea, Cic. 

culeus (culleus) -i, m. (root CU, whence 
cupa), a large leathern sack, Nep. ; aliquem insu- 
ere in culeum (the punishment of parricides), Cic. 

culex -icis, m. a gnai, midge, Hor. 

culina -ae, f. (contr. from coquilina), a, a 
kitchen; tua (pliilosophia) in culina, mea in 
palaestra est, Cic; b, meton., food, fare, 
victuals ; Murcna praebente doniuni, Capitone 
culinam, Hor. 

culleus, v. culeus. 

culmen -inis, n. (for columen from * cello), 
the top, summit. I, A. Lit., 1, culmen Alpium, 
Cacs. ; 2, the ridge nfa roof; culmen tccti, Verg. 
B. Transf., summit; sumnium culmen fortunae, 
Liv. II. Poet. = culuius, haulm, Ov. 

culmus -i, m. (from * cello, like culmen), a. 
stalk, haulm, esp. of grain, Cic; thatch; Iio- 
miilco recens liorrebat regia culmo, Verg. 

culpa -ae, f. fault, error. I. Lit., 1, culpa 
delicti, Cic; a, abl., culpa, /)// one's own fault, 
Cic ", so mea. culpa, tua culpa, etc. ; abesse a 
culpa or culpa, Cic ; non abhorrerc a tali culpa, 
Cic. ; uni culpam attribuere, Cic. ; committere 
cnlpam, Cic ; dare alicui summam laudem vitio 
et culpae, Cic. ; est culpa mea, Cic. ; est culpa 
in aliquo or in aliqua re, Cic. ; esse in culpa, 
Cic. ; extra culpam esse, Cic. ; liberare aliquem 
culpa, Cic. ; b, praestare culpam, to make oneself 
resvonsiblefor, Cic; in se suscipere istius culp- 
am", Cic ; vacare culpa, Cic. ; 2, esp. a, thi 




taiUt of negligence, Hor. ; b, unchastity, Ov. II. 
Meton., the cause of error or sin; eulpain ferro 
coMi]>esce, Verg. 

CUlpatUS -a -uin, p. aclj. (from culpo), blame- 
worthy ; Paris, Vcrg. 

CUlpo, 1. (culpa), 1, to blame, find fault with, 
accuse, disapprove; laudatur ab his, culpatur 
ab illis, Hor. ; 2, to lay blame on; arbore nunc 
aquas culpante, Hor. 

culte, adv. with compar. (1. cultus), ele- 
gantly; loqui, Ov. 

cultellus -i, m. (dim. of culter), a little 
knife, Hor. 

culter- -tri, m. (connected with Skr. kar, to 
wound, and Gr. «i P <o), a knife; cultri tonsorn, 
razors, Cic. ; a ploughshare, coulter, Plin. ; prov., 
me sub cultro linquit, leaves me under the knife, 
i.e., in the greatest peril, Hor. 

CUltor -oris, m. (colo), a cultivator, planter, 
labourer. I. Lit,, A. Gen., terrae, Cic. ; agror- 
um, Liv. B. 1, absol., husbandman, Sail. ; 2, 
with genit., an inhabitant, occupier ; eius terrae, 
Sail. II. Transf., 1, gen., a friend, supporter; 
bonorum {of the. optimates), Liv. ; veritatis, Cic. ; 
2, csp., a worshipper; deorum, Hor. ; religion- 
uin, Liv. 

cultrix -icis, f. (cultor), 1, she who tends 
or takes care of, Cic; 2, inhabitant; nemorum 
Latonia virgo, Verg. 

CUltura -ae, f. (colo), culture, cultivation. 
I. Lit, 1, gen., agri, Cic. ; vitis, Cic. ; 2, agri- 
culture, husbandry, Hor. II. 1, mental culture, 
cultivation; animi, Cic; 2, reverence, respect, 
courting; potentisainici, Hor. 

1. cultus -a -urn, p. adj. with compar. and 
ssuperl. (colo). A. cultivated, tilled, planted ; loci 
culti, Cic. ; agercultissimus, Cic. Subst., culta 
-oruxn, n. cultivated land; an culta ex silves- 
tribus facere potui? Liv. B. a, ornamented, 
adorned ; feinina cultissima, Ov. ; b, polished, 
elegant; sonum linguae ct corporum habitum 
et nitorcm cultiora quam pastoralia esse, Liv. ; 
culta cannina, Ov. 

•2. CUltUS -us, m. (colo). I. cultivation; 

agroruin, Liv., Cic. II. A. physical or mental 

cultivation; 1, a, physical cultivation, care, 

tending; corporis, Cic; b, adornment, dress; 

cultus Punicus, habitusque, Liv. ; 2, viental 

culture, training, education; animi, ingenii, Cic. 

B. revei rxe, respect, worship; a, of the gods, 

cultus deoaim, Cic. ; b, respect paid to -men; be- 

nevolis officium et diligens tiibuitur cultus, Cic. 

culullus -i,m. a drinking-vessel, Hor. 

cuius -i, m. the fundament, Cat. 

1. cum, conj. =quum(q.v.). 

» 2. cum, prep, with abl. with. I. In space, 1, 

together with; esse, vivere, agitare, habitare, 

ces.sare, donuirc, ire, abire, redire, mittere cum 

aliquo; cum impediments venire, Caes. ; esp. 

a, in the company of a general ; cum M;igonc 

equitesHispauorum praemissos, Liv.; b, of some 

oHicc held in common with some one else, unuin 

iiiiperium unumque magistratum habere cum 

ipsis, Liv.; c, inrelation trill,, in cam print/with: 

cum aliquo go delectare, Cic. ; 2, adorned with. 

Cumae -arum, f. (Ku'mij), an ancient city of 
Campania, famous as the residence of the Sibyl. 
Adj. Cumanus -a -um ; Cumaeus -a -uin, 
Vumaean; virgo, the Sibyl, Ov. 
cumba = cymba (q.v.). 
cumera -ae, f. a corn-chest, Hor. 
cuminun -i, n. (Kvpivov), the herb cummin, 
cummi, v. gummi. 
cumprimis, v. primus, 
cumque (cunque, quomque), an adverb 
usually round in composition, e.g., quicumque, 
ubicumque, etc., signifying however, whatever, 
whenever; sometimes standing by itself; quae 
demant quomque dolorem, }tain in general, Lucr. ; 
niihi cumque salve rite vocanti, whenever I call, 

cumulate, adv. with compar. and superl. 
(cumulatus), abundantly, copiously; gratias 
agere, Cic. 

cumulatus -a -um, p. adj. with compar. and 
superl. (cumulo), 1, heaped up, increased, en- 
larged ; Hesiodus eadem mensura reddere jubet, 
qua acceperis, aut etiam cumulatiore, si possis, 
Cic. ; 2, perfect ; hoc sentire et facere perfectae 
cumulatiieque virtutis est, Cic. 

cumulo, 1. (cumulus). I. A. Lit. , to lieap up, 
pile up ; cetera omnis generis arma in acervum. 
Liv. B. Transf., qunm aliae super alias clades 
cumularentur, Liv. ; omnes in aliquem honores, 
Tac II. a, to till by heaping up, fill up, overload; 
fossas corporibus, Tac; altaria donis, "\erg. ; 
b, confiteor rac cumulari maximo gaudio, Cic; 
cumulatus laude, loaded with praise, Cic. ; C, to 
increase, heighten; invidiam, Liv.; cumularcelo- 
quentia beliicam gloriam, Cic; d, to bring to 
perfection ; cumelata, crant officia vitae, perfectly 
fulfilled, Cic. 

cumulus -i, m. (connected with culmen and 
culmus). A. Lit., a heap, pile, mass; hostium 
coacervatorum, Liv.; aquarum, Ov. B. Transf., 
addition, increase, surplus, summit ; commenda- 
tionis tuae, Cic; alicui affcrre cumulum gaudn, 
Cic. . . ., 

cunabula -orum, n. (cunae). A. Lit., a 
cradle; a, esse in cunabulis, Cic; b, the bed 
of the young of bees, Verg. B. Meton., the earliest 
abode; gentis, Verg. 

cunae -arum, f. (cubo, * cunibo), acradle ; a, 
in cunis dormire. Cic. ; primis cunis, in earliest 
childhood, Ov. ; b, tlve nest of young birds, Ov. 

cunctabundus -a -um (cunctor), loitering, 
delaying, dilatory, Liv., Tac . 

cunctans -antis, p. adj. with compar. (cunc- 
tor), loitering, lingering, slow, Ylin.; ilex glebae, 
tenacious, Verg. 

cunctanter, adv. with compar. (cunctans), 
slowly, linger ingly, Liv. 

cunctatio -Onis, f. (cunctor), a delay, linger- 
ing, hesitation; invadendi, Liv.; sine cuncta- 
tiouc, Cic. ; abjecta omni cunctatione, Cic. 

cunctator -oris, m. (cunctor), one u<ho de- 
lays, lingers, hesitates ; cunctatorem ex acernmo 
bellatoie factum, Liv.; a surname of the dictator, 
Q. 1'abius Maximus. 

pi . - 

in conviviis, Cic ; legates rum anctoritate init- 
tere, Cic. II. Of time, 1, at the same time with ; 
cum prima luce Pompom: domum venire, Cic. ; 
9. . together with- aliouid magno cum gemitu 
civitatis sutterre, Cic. ; cum eo quod, ut, or ne, 
on the condition that ; sit sane sedtamen cum eo, 
credo, quod sine peccato meo iiat, Cic. (Cum, 
when used with the personal pronoun, is always, 
and when used with relative pronouns generally, 
placed after its case, mecum, quocum, etc.) 

mi aliquo ae delectare, Cic ; 2, adarneii intn. „„.,-.„ , .„., <„,/,,/,,,,. i „rinntioii tostav. 
oridJwith:^ pallio PUV^^^'^'^SSS^&mS^ liU 'Cic: t^um 

tarry; ounctari diutius in vita, Cic; tarduiu 
cunctaturolivum, drops slowly, Lucr. ; 2, of ac- 
tion, to hesitate, linger, be slouj ; sedendo 6t cur.e- 
tando bellum gerebat, Liv. ; with inlin., non est 
cunctandnm profited huncmundum animal esse, 
Cic. ; non cunctor, foil, by quin and the subj. ; 
non cunctandnm existimavit, qniu pugna decer- 
taret, there ought to be no delay in, etc., Caes. ; 
impels, pass., nee cunctatum apud latera, Tac 
<& CUOCtUS -a -um (contr. frov. »•."-■> 





eonvinctus), all, al l , mlle.cti rehi, jhc who le; a, 
sing., senatus, Cic"; orbis terTarum, Verg. ; b, 
plur., cuncti -ae -a, cives, Cic; iu poet, some- 
times foil, by genit., homiuum, Ov. 

cuneatim, adv. (cuneo), in shape of a wedge, 

cuneatUB a -iim, p. adj. with compar. 
(cuneo), pointed like a, wedge ; jugum in angust- 
um dorsum cuneatum, Liv. 

cuneo, 1. (euneus), to drive in a wedge, to 
v.'edge in, Plin. 

ouneolus -i, in. (dim. of cuueus), a little 
wedge, Cic. 

euneus -i, m. a wedgr. I. Lit., A. cuneis 
scindere fissile lignum, verg. B. a wedge ax a 
triangular figure ; Britannia in cuneum tenu- 
atur, is narrowed in the shape of a wedge, Tac. 
II. Transf., A. troops drawn up in form of a 
wedge, a wedge ; cuneuin fucere, Caes. B. the 
wedge-shaped compartments into which the seats of 
the amphitheatre were divided, Verg. ; cuneis 
omnibus, to all the spectators, Phaed. 

cuniculosus -a -um (cuniculus), full of holes 
and caverns, Cat. 

cunlculus -i, m. 1, a rabbit, cony, Cat, ; 2, 
on underground passage; omne genus cunicul- 
oriuu apud eos notum atque usitatum est, Caes. ; 
esp. milit. t. t., a mine; agere cuniculum, Caes.; 
aperire cuniculum, Caes. 

cunnus -i, f. = pudendum muliebre ; meton., 
C prostitute, Hot. 

cupa -ae, f. (root CU, whence culeus), a cask 
or butt, Cic. 

cfipedia -ae, f. daintiness, fondness for dain- 
ties, Cic. 

cupide, adv. with compar and super), (cu- 
pidus), eagerly, jxtssionately, hotly, vehemently, 
warmly; cupide appetere aliquid, Cic; cupide 
proficisci, Cic. ; cupidius aliquid dicerc, Cic. ; 
ego vero cupide et libenter mentiar tua causa, 

cupidltas -atis, f. (cupidus), eager desire, and 
in a bad sense, passionate longing, vehement desire. 
I. Gen., cupiditati inexplebilis, insana, nimia, 
Cic; with obj. genit, pecuniae, Cic; dominandi, 
Cic. ; with ad, tanta cupiditas ad reditum, Cic. ; 
ardere cupiditate, Cic ; coercerc cupiditates, 
Cic; explere cupiditates, Cic; incitare aliquein 
cupiditate imitandi, Cic. ; servire cupiditatibus, 
Cic II. Esp., a, ambition; papillaris (of a 
demagogue), Cic; b, desire for money, avarice; 
sine cupiditate vixisse, Cic. ; c, factiousness, 
party spirit; cupiditatis atque inimicitiarum 
suspicio, Cic 

cupido -inis, f. (m. only in poet.) (cupio), 
longing, desire. I. Gen., Sail.; with genit., 
ami, Tac; pecuniae, honoris, Sail.; flagrarc 
Cupidine rc-gni, Liv.; Haniiibalem iiigens cupido 
incesserat Tarcuti potiendi, Liv. II. Esp., a, 
physical desire; somui, Hall.; b, love; cupido 
visae Virginia, Ov. ; hence personified, Cupido 
-inis, in. Cvpid, the gwl of love, son of Venus, 
Cic; plur., Cupidines, Cupids; o, avarice; 
cupido sordidus, Hot.; a, ambition; ila cupid- 
ine atcpie ira, pessiinis consultoribus, grassari, 

cupidus -a -um, adj. with compar. and 
fu perl, (cupio), desirous, wishful, eager, fowl. 
L Gen., a, absol., consul non cupidus, Cic. ; b, 
with genit. of object, pecuniae, Cic; novaruiu 
rerum, Cic; te audier.di, Cic ; c, with in and 
theabl.-, In persplcieuda.cognoscendaque rerum 
natura, Cic. II. Esp., a, longing for, loving, 
Ov. ; b, avaricious; homo non cupidus nequo 
appet^ns, Cic. ; c. (a) in a good sense, denoted 
<« • tni cupidus, cic. ; (fi) In a bad sense, 

factious, partial; quaestores veheinenter istius 
cupidi, Cic. ; absol., judex cupidus, Cic 

cupiens -entis, p. adj. with compar. and 
supeil. (cupio), desiring, longing, \oishing, eager ; 
novarura rerum, Tac; cupientis.-.iniS plebe, Sail. 

cupienter, adv. (cupiens), eagerly, Plaut. 

cupio -ivi or -ii, -irum, 3. to desire, long for, 
wish for. I. Gen., a, with ace, is quern cupiiiiiis 
optainusque veslitus, Cic; pacem, Liv.; partie 
perl'., res cupita, Liv. ; b, With iutin., cupiensad 
su"s redire, Cic; c, with ace and inrin., equidem 
cupio Antonium liaec quam primum audire, Cic. 
II. Esp., alicui or alicuius causae, to favour, 
support, wish well to ; quid ? ego Fnndanio non. 
cupio? non amicus sum? Cic 

cupitor -oris, m. (cupio), one who desires; 
matrimonii, Tac 

cuppedia, v. cupedia. 

/Apressetum -i, n. (cupressus), a cypress 
wood, Cic. 

cupresseus -a -um (cupressus), made of 
cypress wood ; signa Junonis, Liv. 

CupreBSlfer -fSra -feYuin (cupressus and 
fero), cypress-bearing, Ov. 

CUpreSSUS -i, f. -US, m. (*»7rap«r<70s). A. 
tlie cypress, sacred to Pluto, used at funerals, 
Verg, B. Meton., a casket of cypress wood, Hor. 

cflpreus -a -um, v. cypreus. 

cur (orig. quoirei, cuirei, then cuire, cuir, 
cur), adv. why ? wherefore ? for what reason '. 
1, rel., duae sunt causae, cur, etc., Cic; 2, 
interrog., cur non assum? Cic. 

cura -ae, f. care. I. A. Gen., carefulness, soli- 
citude, pains, troulile (opp. negligentia), attention ; 
magna cum cura et diligentia scribcre aliquid, 
Cic; with genit., rerum ajienarum cure, (difli- 
cilis) est, Cic. ; cura colendi, Verg. ; with do, 
studium tuum curaque de salute mea, Cic. ; 
verbal constructions, adhibere curam in capris 
et ovibns parandis, Cic ; agere ciiram civium, 
Liv. ; conferre mngnam curam in alicuius salut- 
em, Cic. ; non dimittere istam curam, Cic ; 
maxima erat cura duci no, etc., Liv. ; salutcm 
eius regis sonatui populoque Romano magnae 
curse esse, Cic ; imprimis tibi curae sit ne mihi 
tenipus prorogetur, Cic. ; habere curam rerum 
divinaium, Liv. ; incuinbe in earn curam, devote 
yourself to, Cic ; ponere enrain alicuius rei, to 
lay aside, Liv. ; ponere curam in aliqua re, to 
devote one's attention to, Cic ; suscipere curam, 
Cic. ; sustinere maximam curam belli, Cic. B. 
care for something, attending, caring, minding; 
1, of husbandly, quae enra bourn, Verg. ; 2, the 
adornment of the body; cura cultusque femin- 
arum, Liv.; 3, heeding, cure; simplex ilia jam 
cura doloiis tui, Cic; 4, the worship of the gods ; 
deorum, Liv.; 5, taking care of a person ; suilin 
sororisquc Ulios in eadem cura habere, Liv.; 
meton., theobjed of attention ; tuacura, palumbcs, 
Verg. ; 6, care for, management, administration ; 
esp. of public affairs, cuiareipublicae, Liv. ; cura 
naviuin, of Hue fleet, Tac; meton., business, ad- 
ministration; quum sumus necessariis negoliis 
ourisque vacui, Cic. II. core, anxiety, solicitude, 
disquiet; 1, sine cura, Cic; afferre alicui curam, 
Cic; afheerc aliquem aliqua cura, Cic; conlici 
curis, Cic; priusquam ea cura decederet patri- 
bua Homanis, Liv. ; liberare aliquem cura, Cic ; 
et cura vacare et negotio, Cic; 2, of the disquiet 
of love, juvenum curac Hor. ; meton., the object 
of love; tuacura, Lycorii Verg. 

curabilis -e (cura), eicUing care or fear; 
vindicta, Juv. 

curalium -0 = eorallium (q.v.). 
curate, (curatus), adv. carefully, compar, 
cm-atius legi,' between the Jfue*, Tao, • 




curatlo -onis, f. (euro). I. Gen., a taking 
care, Plaut. II. Esp. attention, management ; 1, 
a, with genit., curatio corporis, Cic. ; b, medical 
attention, Healing, cure; curatio medici, Cic; 
curatio valetudinis, Cic. ; adhibere curationem, 
Cic. ; praescribere curationem, Cic; 2, manage- 
ment, administration; esp. of a public ottice, 
curatio Nenicorurn, of the Nemean games, Liv. ; 
Asiatica curatio frumenti, commission to buy 
corn, Oic. ; curatio agraria, commission to di- 
vide land, Cic. ; curationem suscipere, Cic. ; 
aedes Telluris est curationis meae, Cic. 

curator -oris, m. (euro), one wlw takes care ; 1, 
a guardian, overlooker, curator; viae Flamiuiae 
Cic. ; maris reticiendis sunto aediles curatores 
urbis annouae ludorumque sollemniuui, Cic; 
legibus agrariis curatores eoustituere, Cic. ; 2, 
legal t. t., guardia/n of a minor or idiot or pro- 
digal; alicui curatorem dare (of the praetor), Hor. 
curatus -a -urn, p. adj. (euro), carefully pre- 
pared ; curatissimae pieces, Tac. 
curoulio -Onis, m. a weevil, corn-worm,Yerg. 
Cures -ium, f. an ancient town of the Sabines; 
meton., the inhabitants of Cures, Ov. Hence A. 
Adj., Curensis -e, of Cures. B. Cures -etis, 
m. an inhabitant of Cures. 

Curetes -uxn, m. (Koupi)T«), the ancient in- 
habitants of Crete, who celebrated a frantic wor- 
ship of Jupiter, like tliat of Cybele by the Cory, 
bantes. Adj. , Curetis -Idjs, poet. = Cretan, Ov. 
curia -ae, f. (connected with Quiris). L a 
curia, one of thirty divisions into v;hich the 
Roman patricians were distributed by Romulus, 
Liv, II. Meton., A. the meeting-place of a curia, 
Tac. B. a, the building in winch the senate met, 
usually the Curia Hostilia, afterwards the Curia 
Pompeja or Curia Julia ; b. Curia Saliorum, the 
house of the Salii on tlie Palatine, Cic. ; C, the 
seriate ; aliquem in curiam introducere, Liv. ; 
d, the senate-house of non-Roman nations— e.g., 
at Salamis, Cic. ; Syracuse, Cic. ; Troy, Ov. ; 
Athens, the Areopagus, Juv. 

curialis -e (curia), belonging to the same 
curia, Cic. 

curiatim, adv. (curia), by curiae; populum 
consuluit, Cic. 

Curiatii -orum, m. name of aiv Alban gens, 
three of which fought with the Horatii. 

curiatus -a -um (cu>ia), relating to the 
curiae; comitia curiata, the original assembly of 
the Roman people, in which they voted by curiae, 
Cic. ; lex, a law passed in the comitia curiata, 

Curicta -ae, f. an island on the lllyrian 
coast, now Veglia. 

1. CUTIO -onis, m. (curia), 1, the priest of a 
curia, Varr. ; maximus, the head of the college 
formed by the thirty curiones, Liv. ; 2, a herald, 
crier, Mart. 

2. Curio -onis, m. tint name of a family of the 
gens Scribonia. 

curiose, adv., with compar. and superl. 
(euriosus), 1. carefully; conquirere istacuriosius, 
Cie. ; 2, inquisitively; curiosius id faciuut 
quant necesse est, Cic. 

curiositas -iitis, f. (curiosus), inquisitive- 
ness, curiosity. 

Curios^'ites -um, m. a people in Brittany, 
near modern Corseult. 

curiosus -a -urn, adj. with compar. and 
6uperl. (enra), carej'ul; 1, attentive, diligent; 
curiosis oculis perspici non posse, Cic. ; per- 
multa alia colligit Chrysippus, ut est in omnl 
historia curioaus, Cic; 2, inquisitive, curious; 
Sti curiosl, Cic 

curls -is, f. (a Sabine word) = hasta, a lanoe, 
or javelin, Ov. 

Curius -a -um, name of a plebeian, gens, of 
which the most illustrious member was M'. Curius 
Dentatus, the conqueror of the Sabine*, Samnites, 
and of Pyrrhus, celebrated for his temperance; 
hence appell. a brave and temperate man, Hor. 
Adj., Curianus -a -um, of or belonging to 

euro, 1. (cura). I. Gen. to care for, pay at- 
tention to, tend; a, with ace, negotia alisna, 
Cic. ; b, with ace. and gerundive, in Sicilia. 
frumentum emenduin et ad urbem. mittendum 
curare, to get bought and sent, Cic ; C, with 
infill., qui res istas scire curavit, Cic; nou 
curare, not to care, to decline, refuse; in Sicilian! 
ire non curat, Oic. ; d, followed by ut, ne, ut 
ne and the subj., or the subj. alone, Cic; so in 
letters, cura ut valeas, Cic; e, with de, Quintus 
de einendo nihil curat hoc tempore, Cic. II. 
Esp., 1, to attend to, take care of ; se, Cic ; mem- 
bra, Hor. ; to attend to, cure an invalid, or a dis- 
ease; curare corpora, Cic ; curari non posse, 
Oaes. ; 2, to attend to religious observances; sacra, 
Cic. ; 3. to provide or procure a sum of money ; 
jubc sodes nunimos curari, Cic. ; 4, to adminis- 
ter, manage; res Roniae, Liv.; absol. to com- 
mand; curare Roniae, Tac. (Archaic forms, 
coiravi, coirandi, ap. Cic.) 

curriouluni -i, n. (curro). I. Act., A, 
Abstr., 1, running, Plaut. ; 2, esp. a, a contest 
in running, a race, Cic. ; b, a coxirse, orbit oj 
heavenly bodies; solis et lunae, Cic. B. Concr., 
the chariot used in races ; in curriculum quadrig- i 
arum incurrere, Cic II. Pass, the raceground ; 
athletae se in ouniculo exercentes, Cic ; often 
tig., exiguum vitac curriculum naturu circunv- 
scripsit, iuimensurn gloriae, Cic. 

CUXTO, ciicurri, cursuin, 3. to run, hasten; 
pass. imper6., curritur, one runs, Cic. ; curritur 
ad praetorium, Cic. ; pro so quisque currere ad 
sua tutanda, Liv. ; with cognate ace, eosdem 
cursus currere, Cic; prov., currentem liortari, 
incitare or instigare, to spur the willing liorse, 
Oic. ; esp. a, to run in a race; currere bene, Ov.; 
with aoc. of place, qui stadium currit, Cic. ; b, 
of ships, to sail; per oinne mare, Hor.; with ace, 
currere cavatrabe vastum aequor, Verg.; c, of a 
wheel, si mea sincero curreretaxerota,'Ov.; d, of 
water, currentes aquae, Ov.; e, of the heavenly 
bodies, libera currebant et inobservata per annum 
sidera, Ov. ; f, of the hem of a garment, quam 
plurima circum purpura Maeandro duplici Mel- 
iboea cucurrit, Verg. ; g, of fright, cold, shame, 
etc., varius per ora cucurrit Ausonidum turbata 
fremor, Verg. ; h, of time, to pass; currit ferox 
aetas, Hor.; i, fig., of discourse, to march easily ; 
perfacile currens oratio, Cic. 

currus -us, m. (curro). I. A. a chariot, car, 
esp. a triumphal car; escendere in currum, Cic. ; 
flectere currum de foro in Capitoliuiu, Cic. ; in- 
vehi curru Capitolium, Cic. B. Meton., a, the 
horses, the team; nequc audit currus habenas, 
Verg. ; b, triumph ; quern ego currum aut quam 
lauream cum tua laudatione couferrein ? Cic 
II. a plough with wheels, Verg. III. a ship, 
Cat. (syncop. genit. plur. currum, Verg., Acn. 
vi. 603). 

cursim, adv. (curro), hastily, quickly; cursim 
agraen agere, Liv. ; cursim dicere aliena, Cic. 

cursito, 1. (intens. of curso), to run up and 
down ; huo et illuc (of the atoms), Cic. 

eurso, 1. (freq. of curro), to run hither and 
thither; ultro et citro, Cio. 

oursor -6ris, ra. (curro). J. Lit. A. a 
runner, especially for a prize, Cic. ; one u-ho con- 
tends in the chariot root, Ov, 8. 1- " " ~— 




postman, Tac. ; 2, a slave who ran before his 
uiaster's carriage, a naming footman, Suet. II. 
Transf. surname of L. Papirius, the conqueror of 
the Savin ites. 

cursus -us, m. (cuito), a running, rapid 
motion on horseback, in a carriage, or ship ; mil- 
ites cursu exaniniatos, Cues. ; cursus equo- 
iiiin, Verg. ; longarum navium, Caes. ; cursu 
tendere ad aliquem or aU locum, Liv. ; in cursu 
esse, to travel in haste, Cic. ; esp. a, chariot or 
horse-race; cursus eertamen, Ov. ; fig. the. race 
for office, honour, etc. ; in eodein cursu fuisse a 
Sulla dictatore ad eosdein fere consules, Cic. ; 
h f course, march, journey; cursus maritimus, 
Cic; inihi cursus in Graeciam pertuaiu provinc- 
ial!) est, Cic; cursus dirigere, Liv. ; enrsum 
secundum habere, Caes. ; cursuin tcnere, Cic. ; 
tig., reliquua vitae cursus, Cic; c, the course of 
water; quosdam exaruisse amnes aut in alium 
enrsum contortos et deflexos videmus, Cic. ; d, 
of heavenly bodies, annui cursus solis, Cic; e, 
of the voice, his per omnes sonos vocis cursus, 

Curtius -a -mil, name of a Soman gens, the 
most uoted members of which were: a, M. Curtius, 
a Roman youth, said to have jumped into a chasm 
in the Roman forum, which then closed; b, C. 
Curtius Postunius, an adherent of Caesar's ; Q. 
Curtius Itufus, the author of a Latin history of 
Alexander the Great, probably contemporary with 
Vespasian, Hence, Curtius lacus, the chasm in 
the forum into which M. Curtius was said to have 

curto, 1. (curtus), to abridge, abbreviate, 
lessen, Hor. 

CUrtUS -a -um. shortened, mutilated, cut short ; 
res, Ov. ; niulus, Hor.; transf., of discourse, cut 
short ; curta sentiunt uec ainant redundantia, Cic. 

CUrullS -e (currus), relating to a chariot; 
equi, the team of four horses provided out of the 
public purse for the Circensian games, Liv. ; sella, 
the curule chair adorned with ivory, the official 
seat of the consuls, praetors, and curule acdiles, 
Cic. ; curulis aedilis, a curule aedile, Liv. 

curvamen -inis, n. (curvo), a curving, vault- 
ing, arching, Ov. 

curvatura -ae, f. (curvo), a vault, arch, 
Tlin. ; rotae, the rim, Ov. 

curvo, 1. (curvus), to bend, bow, curve; curv- 
are brachia longocircuitu, Ov. ; quum nux plur- 
ima curvabit ramos, makes to bend, Verg. ; toll- 
imur hi caelum curvato gurgite, Verg. ; curvare 
genua sua, Verg.; Hadria curvaniCalabros sinus, 
Hor. ; transf., make to bend, move; nee te vir 
Pieria pellice saucius cui"vat, Hor. 

curvus -a -um (icupTo?), bent, bowed, arched,