(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Catalogue"

■ ■ , 



New Bedford 
Textile School 




ATALOGUE 
IQI3 = = 'I4 



■,.1T , ' ■■•? 






j* & Purchase Street •* * 



Mew Bedford, Massachusetts 



r 



*-• 



CATALOGUE 



^nu J&tbfatb 



QtxtxU s>rluuil 






New Bedford, Mass. 

L913-1914 



L 







o 

z 

Q 

_J 

ZD 
GO 

> 

(Z 
UJ 

z 

I 
o 
< 



OFFICERS OF THE CORPORATION FOR THE YEAR 

1913. 

WILLIAM B. hatch. President 
FREDERIC TABE&, Treasu 
JAMES o. THOMPSON, JR C i -rk. 

TRUSTEES. 

On Behalf of the Commonwealth oj Vasmc) 
WILLIAM K. HATCH. 
ABBOTT P. SMITH, 
Director Butler, New Bedford Cotton, Quissett Soul< and 

Taber Mills. 

Ex-Officio on th< pari of ih< City of N^ w Bedford. 

Hon. CHAS. S. ASHLEY, Mayor. 

ALLEN P. KEITH, Superintendent of Schools. 

TRUSTEES AT LARGE. 

LEWIS E. BENTLEY. 

GEORGE E. BRIGGS. Director Whitman Mills. 

CHARLES O. BRIGHTMAN. 

HON. W. W. CRAPO, President Acushnet, Potomska and Wain- 

sutta Mills, and Director Gosnold and Hathaway Mills. 

WILLIAM O. DEVOLL, Treasurer Potomska Mills. 

JOHN DUFF, Director Bristol and Sonic Mill.-. 

THOMAS F. GLEXXOX, Agent Quissett Mill. 

JOHN HALLIWELL, Treasurer Mule Spinners' Union. 

JOHN HOBIN, Secretary Loom Fixers' Onion. 

CHARLES M. HOLMES, Treasurer Holmes Mill. 

NATHANIEL B. KERR, Treasurer Butler Mills and Director 

New Bedford Cotton and Sonic Mills. 

EDWARD O. KNOWLKS. 

JOHN NE1LD, Agent Xeild Mill. 

HON. DAVID L. PARKER, Director Pierce and Potomska Mills. 

SAMUEL ROSS. State Senator. 

GEORGE R. STETSON, Director Soule Mill. 

FREDERIC TABER, President Taber Mill, and Director City 

Mfg. Co., Neild, Quissett and Soule Mills. 

JAMES O. THOMPSON, .TR., Agent X. 15. Cotton Mills. 

WILLIAM A. TWISS, Supt. Hathaway Mfg. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

W T ILLIAM E. HATCH, Chairman. 
NATHANIEL B. KERR, LEWIS K. BENTLEY, 

CHARLES M. HOLMES, ABBOTT P. SMITH, 

JAMES O. THOMPSON, JR., FREDERIC TABER 



ADMINISTRATION AND INSTRUCTION 

ADMINISTRATION. 

William B. Hatch. A. M.. 
President of I In Corporation and Managing Director 



INSTRUCTION. 

Henry W. Nichols, A. B., 
Chief Instructor. 



HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS. 

William Smith. 
Carding and Spinning. 

TllOM \S Y \TLS, 

Warp Preparation and Weaving. 

Samuel Holt, 

/)( signing. 

Frank Patton, 
Knitting. 

Everett H. Hinckley, S. B., 

Chemistry and Dyeing. 

Sereno G. Miller, M. E., 

M, ckanics. 

Thomas E. Whitford, 

Instructor in Machim shop Practice, 

John F. Judge, 

Engim < r. 




MAIN STAIRWAY, MACHINERY BUILDING. 



ASSISTANT EVENING INSTRUCTORS 

Cord i n(/ and Spinning: 
Edwaed W. Bayle . Leonard H. Mellob, 

Bruce Cary, Thomas B. <>'I*,wii 

Stephen K. Dyer, II ihold A. Perk» 

John P. GLENNON, John < '. Sh \w. 

Charles P. Beap, Joseph C. Walki b, 

William A. ¥oun< 

Warp P r< paration and Wi 
Robert Boardman, Pith: J. Mai 

Albert E. Dean, Patrick J. Mahon 

Frederick Holt, Joseph Pew 

John Reynolds. 

Mill Calculations: 

John J. \\\ Cooper. 

Designing: 
James Sutter, Jean C. [Jberti. 

Mechanics: 
Mjlton J. Bentley. 

Ch( mistry: 
E. P. Jack Auclair. 



\ 



1913 


CALENDAR 


1914 




JULY. 


AUGUST. 


SEPTEMBER. 




Su 


Mo 


Tu 


w 


Th 


Fr 


Sa 


Su 


Mo 


Tu 


w 


Th 


Fr 


Sa 


Su 


Mo 1 


•ul W 


Th 


Fr 


Sa 







— 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1 


2 


— 


1 


2 3 


4 


5 


6 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


7 


8 


9 10 


11 


12 


13 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


14 


15 1617 


18 


19 


20 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


21 


22 23 24 


25 


26 


27 




27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


— 


— 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


28 


29 30- 


— 


— 


— 


















31 




























OCTOBER. 


NOVEMBER. 


DECEMBER. 




Su 


Mo 


Tu 


W 


Th 


Ft 


Sa 


Su 


Mo 


Tu 


W Th 


Fr 


Sa 


Su 


Mo T 


u W Th 


Fr 


Sa 




_ 


_ 





1 


2 


3 


4 














1 


— 


1 


2 3 


4 


5 


6 




5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


7 


8 


910 


11 


12 


13 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


14 


15 1 


6 17 


18 


19 


20 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


21 


22 2 


3 24 


25 


26 


27 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


— 


23 
30 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


28 


29 3 


31 


— 


*■ ~ 


™~ 




JANUARY. 


FEBRUARY. 


MARCH. 




Su 


Mo 


Tu 


w 


Th 


Ft 


Sa 


Su 


Mo 


Tu 


w 


Th 


Fr 


Sa 


Su 


Mo 1 


u W 


Th 


Fr 


Sa 




— 


— 


— 


— 


1 


2 


3 


1 


o 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 


2 


3 4 


5 


6 


7 




4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


8 


91 


11 


12 


13 


14 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


15 


161 


7 18 


19 


20 


21 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


22 


23 2 


4 25 


26 


27 


28 




25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 
















29 


30 3 


1 - 


~~ 


~~ 


«■ 




APRIL. 


MAY. 


JUNE. 




Su 


Mo 


Tu 


w 


Th 


Ft 


Sa 


Su 


Mo 


Tu 


w 


Th 


Fr 


Sa 


Su 


Mo 1 


•u W 


Th 


Fr 


Sa 




— 


— 


— 


1 


2 


3 


4 












1 


2 


— 


1 


2 3 


4 


5 


6 




5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


7 


8 


910 


11 


12 


13 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


14 


15 1 


6 17 


18 


19 


20 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


21 


22 2 


3 24 


25 


26 


27 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


- 


- 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


28 


29 3 


- 


- 


- 


- 




— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


31 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 




— 


— 


- — 


— — 


— 






CALENDAR. 

1913. 

Friday, Sept. 12, a1 9 a. ra. Entrance Examinatioi 

Day Students. 
Monday, Sept. 15. Beginning of Firsl Term for I 1 

Students. 
Monday, Sept. 29, and Tuesdaj . Sept . •".". from 7 to 9 p. m. 

Enrollmenl <»t' Evening Students 
Thursday, Oct. 2, and Friday, Oct. 3, at 7 : ::«> p. m. 

Examinations for Evening Students 
Monday, Oct. *». Beginning of Firsl Term For Evening 

Stud cj its. 
Monday, Nov. 10, to Friday, Nov. II. inclusive. Mid 

Term Examinations For Day Students. 
Friday, Dec. 1!). End of Firsl Term Por Evening sin 

dents. 
Saturday. Dec. 20, to Saturday, Dec. 27, inclusive. Christ 

mas Recess. 
Monday, Dec. 29. Beginning of Second Terra for Evening 

Students. 

1914. 

Monday. Jan. 19, to Friday, Jan. 23, inclusive. Final 

Term Examinations for Day Students. 
Friday. -Jan. 28. End of First Term for Daj Students. 
Monday, Jan. 26. Beginning of Second Term for Day 

Students. 
Friday. Feb. '21. End of Second Term for Evening 

Students. 
Thursday. April 2, to Wednesday, April 8, inclusive 

Mid-Term Examinations for Day Studenl 
Thursday. April 9, to Wednesday, April L5, inclusi 

Easter Recess. 
Monday, June 15, to Wednesday, June L7, inclusive. Final 

Examinations for Da} Students. 
Friday, June 19. End of School Xear. 



11 



THE BUILDINGS 

The school is housed in two separate building! 
nected by a tunnel in the basemenl and by covered bridg 
overhead. They are constructed of red brick with trim- 
mings of Indiana sandstone. They are c ed as the 
machinery building and the recitation building; 

The first now comprises tin- original building, erected 
in 1898-9, and the first two additions ited in the years 
1901-2 and 1905 respectively. This building is 164 feet in 
length, with an average depth <»f 77.:; feet, h is thi 
stories high with basemenl under mosl of il and contains 
a floor space of 46,600 square feet. In ii are situated the 
administration offices, the power house, and ;ill the depart 
ments comprised hi a cotton yarn and cotton cloth mill 
as shown by the cuts distributed throughout this 
catalogue. In addition it lias two Large thoroughly 
equipped rooms for instruct ion in the art of knitting, both 
for hosiery and underwear, also shown in cuts. 

The recitation building was completed and occupied 
in the fall of 1911. It consists of a main building 108 feet 
by 93 feet 6 inches, three stories high, with a t\r<-\> well- 
lighted basement under the whole of it and contains K),392 
square feet of floor space. It also has an annex 68 feet '■'> 
inches long by 19 feet 3 inches deep, one story high, with 
basement, and contains 2.634 square feet of floor Bpa- 
This annex is used as an experimental laboratorj and .-is ;i 
store room for chemical supplies. 

The main building besides being equipped wit h r< cits 
tion and lecture rooms of various sizes, has a thoroughly 
equipped chemical laboratory, a large dyeing and finish- 
ing room, an engineering laboratory, a commo !i<>n^ 
machine shop, a drafting room, a designing room 
especially fitted, an exhibition room, and an assembly hall 
that will seat four hundred persons 



L8 

Both structures are of the slow burni U const 

lion typo approved l».\ the leading fire insuri 
tions and mill engineers, while the general equipment 
the plant is also illustrative of the best methods lit 

ing, heating, ventilating, humidifying and fire-pi king 
mills. Great attention has been paid, in planning and ar 
ranging these buildings for the Bchool, t.» make them m 
suitable for the purposes of imparting textile instruction 
and that the machinery building should give an obj< 
lesson in cotton mill engineering. 

Power, heat and light arc supplied the school from ii^ 
own power plant. Tin- fire protection was designed and 
installed by the General Fire Extinguisher <'<>. of Provi- 
dence, R. I., the well-known Grinnell sprinkler being 
used. The American Moistening Co. installed a complete 
humidifying apparatus. The whole equipment is ap- 
proved by the Massachusetts state Inspectors of public 
buildings. 

THE SCHOOL AND ITS PURPOSE. 

The Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts, in the Act under which the Trustees of the New 
Bedford Textile School were incorporated, gives as the 
purpose of the incorporation that of establishing and 
maintaining a textile school for instruction in the theory 
and practical art of textiles and kindred branches of 
industry. 

As New Bedford is primarily a cotton-manufacturing 
city, this school confines itself principally to instruction 
in the cotton branch of the textile industry and seeks to 
perfect itself in this line. Its course of instruction i^ 
arranged to subserve the interests of two general classes 
of students: (1) day students, those who give their whole 
time for two or three years to acquiring the theory as well 
as the practice of cotton manufacturing in all its details, 
from the raw cotton to the finished fabric, and also have 
instruction in the scientific principles which underlie the 
construction of the machinery and its operation, and the 



15 

artistic principles which are involved in the production 
desirable and ornamental fabrics; 2 evening student 

those who arc employed in the mills during the day and 

who, by attending the Textile Scl I evenings, are abl< 

learn other phases of the industry from that m which tl 
are employed, or to perfect themselves in tl 
of work, and become more efficient workmen. The coun 
of instruction for these two classes of Btudents are (riven 
fully on other pages of this catalogue. 

The whole of the machinery in the school is absolutely 
modern, being constructed especially for the school, h is 
all high grade, has latest improvements, and is especially 
built to afford facilities for all kinds of experimental work, 
and represents all the Leading types of machines from the 
best builders in the United States, and several English 
builders. 

There is no mill in which there is SO large B variety of 
machinery as in the New Bedford Textile School. This 
consequently affords the student a belter opportunity to 
become acquainted with various machines and hiciImhU 
than could be found in any one manufacturing establish- 
ment. 

Each instructor in the day school is a man who is 
thoroughly conversant with the work of the department 
under his charge by thorough training and Long experi- 
ence. Each one has charge of the work in his department 
at night also, assisted by experienced assistants from the 
mills, many of whom are graduates of this school. 

The school went into operation in 1899 and the first 
class was graduated in 1900. The regular courses were 
at first one year in length. This continued I'm- several 
years, but these were afterward lengthened and now the 
regular diploma courses are either two or three years Long. 

Since the school was opened, three thousand -even 
hundred seventy-eight different person, have attended the 
school and received instruction in course, of various length, 
Of these, one thousand six hundred sixty-six have been 



16 

awarded diplomas or certificates. Reports received from 
these show that the knowledge acquired in this school has 
proved of great benefit to them in securing more rapid 
advancement in the industry than would have been possi- 
ble without such instruction. Employers and employees 
both unite in testimony as to the value of the textile schools 
in promoting the efficiency, broadening the scope of oppor- 
tunity and securing advancement in the cotton mills and 
allied industries to those who have had the advantages 
offered by them. 

THE LOCATION OF THE SCHOOL. 

The school is situated in the centre of the city of New 
Bedford. Mass.. on the main car line of the city which 
connects the mill districts and is readily accessible to mill 
operatives avIio attend the evening sessions of the school. 
It is near the residential part of the city and is therefore 
conveniently situated for non-resident pupils who take up 
a temporary residence in the city. 

New Bedford is an especially suitable location for an 
institution of this character. It is the largest cotton 
manufacturing city of fine yarns and fancy woven fabrics 
and novelties in the country. Its spindles number 
2,956,104 and looms 54.522. Capital invested $37.12(3.300, 
and employees 31,290. 

High grade combed yarns are produced in New Bed- 
ford to a greater extent than in any other city, while the 
mills are engaged in the manufacture of fine shirtings, 
muslins, lawns, sateens, lenos, checks, piques, and other 
fancy fabrics to an extent unknown elsewhere. New Bed- 
ford's great advantage in this respect can be attributed 
principally to the fact that her mills are nearly all of 
recent construction with the most improved and up-to- 
date equipment. The environment of these mills is in 
itself a benefit to the students who select the New Bedford 
Textile School as the institution in which to learn the 
mill business, as they have opportunity to observe their 
construction and operation and to find employment in 



them during the lorn;- sunn; and upon fn 

Lag their course in the Bchool. 

New Bedford is within short distan 
Pawtucket, Wbonsoeket, Taunton, Pall R and other 

Large cotton machinery centres, h of the health 

iest of the manufacturing cities in tl" i 

Picturesquely situated on the extre south short 

Massachusetts, it enjoys one of the mildesl winter clin 

in New England and thus offers i uliar residential 

vantages for non-residenl students 



19 

DAY CLASSES 

Two classes (.r students are eligible to the day 
courses. The firs1 consists of those who are to take the 

regular diploma day cours cial cert 

courses based on the regular courses. For these, th< 
age and requirements for ad will be demanded 

heretofore. 

The second class consists of those who have attained 
the age of fourteeD years. All students of this class will 
be required to pursue the same work the firsl year. Alter 
that, each student may eleel whether be will enter one 
of the regular courses or whether be will devote bis 
second year to preparing himself for one definite branch 
of mill work. The work for the firsl year of all students 
entering at an earlier age than sixteen shall be divided 
into academic work and practice work on the machu 
with emphasis on the first. Such students mnsl be 
graduates of a grammar school or pass a satisfactory 
examination in arithmetic, English, and geography to be 
admitted. 

The regular day courses of the school arc as follows: 

Cotton Manufacturing. 

Chemistry and Dyeing. 

Designing. 

Seamless Hosiery Knitting. 

Latch Needle Underwear Knitting. 
All the above courses are diploma courses and are 
intended to qualify students to bold positions of respon- 
sibility in textile manufacturing and allied establishments. 
The advantages of these courses to qualify men to 
hold responsible positions in cotton mills, dye houses 
commission houses, etc.. are many. These industri S, as 
usually conducted, are not particularly adapted to give a 
young man a technical education. The opposite is Un- 
case where the primary object of the instruction 
impart knowledge and to train in the correel methods of 
doing things. 



20 



It is not expected that a young man, going from this 
school, will at once secure an executive position. It is 
expected, on the contrary, that he will begin in a more 
humble fashion and, with the knowledge acquired in the 
school and the experience gained in the mill itself, he 
will be qualified to hold higher positions and his advance- 
ment will be much more rapid and his knowledge broader 
than one who had not had the school instruction and 
training. That such is the case is shown already by the 
positions now held by the graduates of the school. 

Many of them are occupying positions of trust and 
responsibility in the textile and allied industries as manu- 
facturers, treasurers, agents, superintendents, assistant 
superintendents, designers in mills and commission houses, 
overseers, chemists and dyers, etc. Some have been called 
to good positions as designers directly from the school 
and many who have attended the evening classes have so 
improved in skill and knowledge that they have ad- 
vanced in position and earning power. 

That the work of the school is recognized by textile 
manufacturers and those engaged in allied industries is 
attested by the fact that applications are constant for 
men of the school, more than can be supplied. One of the 
largest bleaching establishments in the country has as- 
sured us that it is ready to take all the men from the 
chemistry and dyeing department that we will recom- 
mend. 

There is a homely adage which says that you cannot 
make a silk purse out of a sow's ear. Neither does this 
school agree to make a successful man out of a lazy, 
careless, and indifferent boy; nor does it care for such 
boys as students. But for one who wishes to learn, who is 
ready to work, who is willing to bide his time, it does 
offer an opportunity that will supply him with an honor- 
able vocation with many opportunities for advancement 
in the world with good remuneration. 



21 



In case a prospective Btudenl feels that do the 

diploma courses^ as outlined in the catalogue, meet* lus 
particular needs, he is requested to commun the 

management. Whenever possible a] eour 11 be 

given in the various departments for which ••••riiti 
will be granted stating the subjects taken and the time 
given to them. The limitations of these Bpec 
will be determined in every case by the management. 



22 



I. COTTON MANUFACTURING COURSE. 

FIRST YEAR. 



First Term. 



Weaving (111), 
Designing (131), 
Hand Loom Practice 

(161-162), 
Cloth Analysis (151), 
Principles of Mechanics 

(171), 
Mechanical Drawing 

(172), 
Chemistry (251), 
Yarn Calculations (121) 
Cotton Yarn Prepara- 
tion (101), 
Freehand Drawing, 



Hours of 
Exercise 
per week 

6% 



Second Term. 



Hours of 
Exercise 
per week 
6% 



lVii 

1% 

3% 



m 



Weaving (112), 

Designing (132), 

Hand Loom Practice 
(161-162), 

Cloth Analysis (152), 

Mechanical Drawing 
(172), 

Elements of Mechanism 
(173), 

Machine Shop Practice 
(174), 

Chemistry (252), 

Warp Preparation (12 2), 2% 

Cotton Yarn Prepara- 
tion (101), 5^4 

Freehand Drawing, 3 



V2 

iy 2 
3% 

iy 2 

y 2 
i% 

5V 2 



SECOXD YEAR. 



First Term. jg™™* 


Second Term. Hours of 

Exercise 


per week 


per 


week 


Weaving (113), 4% 


Weaving (114), 


3 


Designing (133), 2 


Designing (134), 


1% 


Cloth Analysis (153), 5% 


Cloth Analysis (154), 


6% 


Dyeing (263), 53,4 


Machine Shop Practice 




Machine Shop Practice 


(174), 


3 


(174), 3V 4 


Machine Drawing (175) 


2 


Machine Drawing (175), 2 


Mechanical Engineering 




Mechanical Engineering 


(176), 


1 


(176), 1 


Dyeing (264), 


6V ? 


Cotton Yarn Prepara- 


Cotton Yarn Prepara- 




tion (102), 9% 


tion (103), 


7% 




Cotton Sampling (106), 


2 





THIRD 


YEAR. 


First Term. 


Hours of 
Exercise 


Second Term. Hours of 

Exercise 




per week 


per week 


Weaving (115), 


6% 


Weaving (116), G% 


Color (145), 


2 


Color (146), 2 


Designing (135), 


1% 


Designing (136), 1% 


Analysis (155), 


4% 


Analysis (156), 4% 


Machine Shop Practice 


Machine Drawing (175), 2 


(174), 


3 


Mill Engineering (178), 3 


Electrical Engineering 


Cotton Yarn Prepara- 


(177), 


2 


tion (105), 13^2 


Cotton Yarn Prep 


ara- 




tion (104), 


13i/2 





The numbers following each subject refer to the numbered 
paragraphs, commencing on page 33. These paragraphs give in 
detail the topics taken up under each subject. 






The course in cotton manufacture 
the studenl a thorough fundamental knowled ! the 
different processes entering Into the construction i 
piece of cloth Prom the rav« Btaple to the finished product 

During the first year the student takes up the Btudj 
of yam preparation, weaving, designing, and cloth 
analysis. The study of mechanics, mechanical and 
hand drawing and chemistry is also pursued the first 
year, the work in these snl>.i<'<-is being designed especially 
for men who arc to lake up the cotton mill work. Prac 
tical work in the machine shop is entered upon the Becond 
term. Instruction in yarn calculations, Bpooling. warp 
ing and slashing is also offered during tin- first year. 

In the second and third years sufficient time is given 
to instruction in picking, carding and spinning, while the 
subjects of weaving, designing and analysis are continued. 

Dyeing is taken up the second year, the work being 
such as is of especial interest to the student of cotton 
manufacturing. The studenl is also given Instruction in 
steam engineering during the second year, while in the 
third year, work in electrical engineering and cotton mill 
construction is offered. The study of color is taken up 
during the third year. 

The work in all subjects is so arranged that ilm 
student is taken gradually from the simpler t<> tic more 
difficult problems. Much of the work in the last year is 
original, and the student is thrown on his own resources 

The work in chemistry, dyeing, mechanics and Bhop 
practice is all arranged with special reference to the stu- 
dent of cotton manufacturing. 

This course is very thorough, aid is always recom- 
mended to the student who is to make cotton cloth manu- 
facturing his future work. 



24 



II. 
DESIGNING COURSE. 



FIRST YEAR. 



First Term. 




Hoi 


urs of 


Exercise 


per 


week 


Weaving (111), 


10% 


Designing (131), 


1% 


Hand Loom Practice 




(161-162), 


1% 


Cloth Analysis (151), 


ll 1 ^ 


Principles of Mechanics 




(171), 


2 


Mechanical Drawing 




(172), 


5% 


Yarn Calculations 




' (121), 


1% 



Second Term. 



Weaving (112), 
Designing (132), 
Hand Loom Practice 

(161-162), 
Cloth Analysis (152), 
Mechanical Drawing 

(172), 
Elements of Mechanism 

(173), 
Machine Shop Practice 

(174), 
Warp Preparation 

(122), 



Hours of 
Exercise 
per week 

10 

1% 



1 V2 

10% 



SECOND YEAR. 



First Term. 


Second Term. 


Hours of 


Hours of 


Exercise 


Exercise 


per week 


per week 


Weaving (113), (114), 11% 


Weaving (115), (116), 9 


Designing (133), (13 5), 3% 


Designing (134), (136), 3% 


Cloth Analysis (153), 


Cloth Analysis (154), 


(155), 10% 


(156), 11 


Machine Shop Practice 


Machine Shop Practice 


(174), 3 


(174), 3 


Machine Drawing (175), 2 


Machine Drawing (175), 2 


Mechanical Engineering 


Mechanical Engineering 


(176), 1 


(176), 1 


Color (145), 2 


Cotton Sampling 




(106), 2 




Color (146), 2 



25 



The course in Designing is offered for those Btud 
who are seeking a thorough knowledge of cloth construc- 
tion and weaving, and who do do1 wish to pursue the sub- 
jects common to the carding and spinning branch of 1 1 1 • - 
industry. This course is very complete, and enables the 
student who docs satisfactory wort to perform satis 
torily the work of a designer in a mill or commisf 
house. 

Designing, cloth analysis, and weaving are the prin- 
cipal subjects taught, and extend through the two years. 
Instruction in yarn calculations, spooling, warping, slash- 
ing, cotton sampling, free-hand drawing, mechanics and 
steam engineering is also offered, the work being arrai 
to meet the special needs of the student following this 
course. For the student who wishes to perfed himself in 
the subject of designing, this course will be Pound verj 
complete. 



26 



III. 



CHEMISTRY AND DYEING COURSE. 



FIRST YEAR. 



First Term. 


Second Term. 


Hours of 


Hours of 


Exercise 


Exercise 


per week 


per week 


General Chemistry 


Quantitative Analysis 


(181), 13 


(202), 1314 


Qualitative Analysis 


Organic Chemistry 


(191), 113/4 


(212), 73/ 4 


Yarn Calculations 


Dyeing (222), 6 % 


(121), 1% 


Mechanical Drawing 


Principles of Mechanics 


(172), 2 


(171), 2 


Elements of Mechanism 


Mechanical Drawing 


(173), 1 


(172), 5y 2 


Machine Shop Practice 




(174), 3 



SECOND YEAR. 



First Term. 


Second Term. 


Hours of 


Hours of 


Exercise 


Exercise 


per week 


per week 


Organic Chemistry 


Textile Chemistry 


(213), 8% 


(234), 7 


Textile Chemistry 


Dyeing (224), 6% 


(233), 10% 


Color (146), 2 


Dyeing (223), 6% 


Machine Shop Practice 


Color (145), 2 


(174), 3 


Machine Shop Practice 


Machine Drawing (175), 2 


(174), 3 


Mechanical Engineering 


Machine Drawing (175), 2 


(176), 1 


Mechanical Engineering 


Thesis (244), 12 


(176), 1 





27 

This course is designed to meet the Deeds of stud 
who desire training in the principl 
application to the various textile pi 3 To this end. 

during the first year, a broad course in general chemist 
is given, followed by an application of its principles in 
the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the simpler 
inorganic chemicals used in the bleaching, dyeing, and 
finishing f the fibres of commerce. During the second 
term of the firsl year the studj of organic chemistry 
taken up to give the student a thorough training in the 
general principles of the subject. This is followed •lin- 
ing the first term of the second year by an extended course 
in the chemical properties and preparation of d\ estuffs. 

During the Inst term of the firsl year and the firsl 
term of the second year a course in the conversion <»!' the 
raw yarns and fabrics into the (\\rd and finished state is 
given. This is followed during the second term of the 
second year by a more extended study of tin* application 
of dyes to cotton fabrics and yarns. During the second 
year the analysis and detection <»!' water, dyes, chemicals. 
soaps and fabrics is fully studied. Considerable time is 
spent in machine shop work and drawing to imparl a 
general knowledge of machine design and construction. 

The principles and application of the theory of color 
is studied during the second year. 

The graduates of this course find employmenl with 
dyestuff makers and dealers with manufacturers of chem- 
icals used in dyeing, with bleaeheries, dye houses, and 
finishing works. 

Provided the student's previous efforts show his abil- 
ity to cover the work outlined, arrangements will be made 
for a third year, the subjects given being those of the 
greatest personal interest to the student. 

Tt is desirable that students entering this course shall 
have successfully completed a scientific course in High 
School, or its equivalent. Anyone, however, who can 
show, by examination, his ability to profit by the instruc- 
tion given is admitted. 



28 



IV. 
SEAMLESS HOSIERY KNITTING COURSE. 



FIRST YEAR. 



First Term 






Second Term. 




Hours of 


Hours of 




Exercise 


Exercise 




per 


week 


per week 


Knitting (271), 




18% 


Knitting (272), 21% 


Principles of Mechanics 




Mechanical Drawing 


(171), 




2 


(172), 2 


Mechanical Drawing 






Elements of Mechanism 


(172), 




5y 2 


(173), 1 


Chemistry (251), 




6 


Machine Shop Practice 


Yarn Calculations 






(174), 3 


(121), 




1% 


Chemistry (252), 6 



SECOND YEAR. 



First Term. 

Hours of 

Exercise 
per week 

Knitting (273), 21% 

Machine Shop Practice 

(174), 3 

Machine Drawing (175), 2 
Mechanical Engineering 

(176), 1 

Dyeing (263), 6 



Second Term. 

Hours of 

Exercise 
per week 

Knitting (274), 19% 

Machine Shop Practice 

(174), 3 

Machine Drawing (175), 2 
Mechanical Engineering 

(176), 1 

Dyeing (264), 6 

Cotton Sampling 

(106), 2 






The course in seamless hosiery kniti d to 

the needs of those students desiring a thorough knowledge 
of the machines entering into the manufacture 6f aw 
The larger pari of the student's time is devoted to the 
instruction work on the knitting machinery, eighteen and 
one-quarter hours a week being given up to this work 
during the first term of the first year, twenty one and 
three-quarters hours a week during the second term of the 
first year, twenty-one and three-quarters hours a week 
during the first term of the second year, and nineteen and 
three-quarters hours a week during the second term of tin- 
second year. 

Instruction is also given in yarn calculations, cotton 
sampling-, mechanics, steam engineering, chemistry and 
dyeing, the work in these different subjects being arranged 
to meet the special needs of the student. 

This course is recommended to tho idents who 

intend to become connected with a hosiery mill. 



30 



V. 
LATCH NEEDLE UNDERWEAR KNITTING COURSE. 



FIRST YEAR. 



First Term 






Second Term. 




Hours of 


Hours of 




Ex€ 


;rcise 


Exercise 




per 


week 


per week 


Knitting (281), 




18% 


Knitting (282), 21% 


Principles of Mechanics 




Mechanical Drawing 


(171), 




2 


(172), 2 


Mechanical Drawing 






Elements of Mechanism 


(172), 




5% 


(173), 1 


Chemistry (251), 




6 


Machine Shop Practice 


Yarn Calculations 






(174), 3 


(121), 




1'% 


Chemistry (252), 6 



SECOND YEAR. 



First Term. 



Hours of 
Exercise 
per week 

Knitting (283), 21% 

Machine Shop Practice 

(174), 3 

Machine Drawing (175), 2 
Mechanical Engineering 

(176), 1 

Dyeing (263), 6 



Second Term. 

Hours of 
Exercise 
per week 

Knitting (284), 19% 

Machine Shop Practice 

(174), 3 

Machine Drawing (175), 2 
Mechanical Engineering 

(176), 1 

Dyeing (264), 6 

Cotton Sampling 

(106), 2 



31 



The course in Latch needle underwear knittinj 
adapted to those students intending to become conn 
with this branch of i he texl Lie industry. 

As in the case of the hosiery course the Larger pari 
of the student 's time is devoted to instruction work on the 
knitting machines. Instruction is also given in yarn 
calculations, mechanics, steam ei iptton sam 

pling, chemistry, and dyeing. As is the case with all other 
courses offered, instruction in these correlated suh 
arranged to best meet the needs of each individual course. 

Both of the knitting courses are very thorough, and 
give the student a good working knowledge of the dif- 
ferent processes and the machinery connected with tin- 
same. The knitting department of the New Bedford 
Textile School contains a larger variety of knitting ma- 
chinery than is found in any similar school in the United 
States, and the courses offered in this departmenl cannot 
fail to be of very great benefil to any one desiring 
knowledge along these lines. 



33 

101. Pickers, Cards, Railwaj Be«ds and Drawing Pram 

Cotton yam mill machinery. Lists of processes Is 
mills for different numbers of yarn. Prop* o of 

processes. 

Objects of blending cotton Methods of mixii Bali 

breakers. 

Picker rooms. Automatic feeders. Construct 
ent varieties of feeders. Their capacity and suitability for tin- 
purpose intended. 

The cotton opener, its us.- and object. Various styles of 
openers. Setting and adjustment of openers. Connection of 
feeders to openers. The various styles of trunks. Calcula- 
tions in connection with openers. Breakers, interine 
and finisher lappers. Different styles and makes (if ma«t 
Use and object of the lapper. Construction of aprons, beat 
bars, screens, fans, lap heads, evener and measuring motions, 
etc. The setting and adjustment of lappers. Calculations in 
connection with lappers. 

The revolving fiat card. Its principal parts described, in- 
cluding feed, licker, cylinder, doffer, coiler, screens and Bats. 
Different setting arrangements. Speeds of different parts. 
Top flat cards, roller and clearer, and other cotton cards. 
Clothing, grinding, setting and stripping cards. 

The railway head as used either independents or Combined 
with sections of cards. Single and double railway heads. 
Eveners, draft calculations, metallic and other rolls. 

Method of arranging and constructing drawing frames. 
The use and objects of the frame. Gearing, weighting, stop- 
motions, varieties of rolls, etc. 

102. Roving Frames, Spinning Frames. 

Slubbers. First and second intermediates. Roving or jack 
frames. The construction and use of the fly frame. Descrip- 
tion and use of the different parts. Calculations in connec- 
tion therewith. Changing and fixing frames, etc. 

The spinning frame. Its construction and use. Its prin- 
cipal parts, such as creels, rolls, rings, travellers. sp. 
builder motions, etc. 

103. Doubling, Drafting and Twisting. 

Figuring the number of doublings and drafts from picker to 
spinning frame or mule. 

Calculations for schedules of machinery required for differ- 
ent counts and amounts. Cost and production of yarn. 



34 



The objects of twisting. Wet and dry twisting. The direc- 
tion and amount of twist in different ply and cord threads; 
different methods used in preparing yarn for twisting. Size 
of rings and travellers for different counts of yarn. Methods 
of winding. Speeds and production. 

104. Combers and Mules. 

The sliver and ribbon lap machines. Construction of Ameri- 
can and English machines. Methods of operating same. Set- 
ting and adjusting same and calculations in connection 
therewith. 

The cotton comber. The construction of the comber, its 
use and objects. Comber setting. Comber calculations. Op- 
eration and management of combers. 

The spinning mule and its uses. The special features of 
the mule. Description of the head stock, the cam shaft, mule 
carriage and other parts. The construction and use of each 
part of the mule. Different movements in the mule and the 
timing of the same. The copping rail and the building of a 
cop. Faults in mule spinning and their correction. 

105. 

Original work in laying out processes for different counts of 
yarn and carrying the same through from raw cotton to finished 
yarn. 

106. Raw Cotton. 

Raw cotton. Its varieties. The cultivation of cotton. The 
preparation of cotton for the market. Cotton ginning. Cotton 
as an article of commerce. The selection of cotton, its suit- 
ability for different purposes. 

111. Plain Looms. 

The construction of the plain loom. The principal move- 
ments in weaving. Methods of shedding. Shedding motions. 
Shedding by cams. Auxiliary shafts. Varieties of cams. Con- 
struction of cams. Timing cams and effect on the cloth. 

Picking motions. Different methods of picking. Shuttles. 
Shuttle boxes. Shuttle guards. Tight and loose reed looms. 
Protector motions. Reeds. Let-off motions. Take-up mo- 
tions. Calculations in connection with take-up motions. 

Filling-stop motions. 

Temples. The various makes and their uses. 

The Draper loom. Special features of its construction. 

Automatic shuttle and bobbin changing looms. 

Special features of various makes of logmg, including 



Crompton & Knowles, Kllbura A Lincoln, Whittn, Ifa on and 

Stafford looms. 

The management, operation and Bxlng of loomi 

in warps. Faults and remedies in weaving and fixing. 
dilations directly connected with plain 1 is. 

Looms adapted to weave twills and satins. 

Electrical and mechanical warp stop-motion 

1 12. Fancies. 

Looms adapted to weave Cancy cloth with dobbies. Dob 
with single and double cylinders, chain pegging for dobbles. 

Tying in and starting up warps tor which the Student has 

worked out some design. 

113. Box Looms. 

Looms for the use of various colors of Slling. Drop boi 

motions. Box chain multipliers. Multiplier motions. Still 
box motion. 

114. 115. Special Loom Attachments. 

Dobby looms combined with other motions for special pur- 
poses, such as looms adapted to weave lenos. checks, blankets, 
handkerchiefs, towels and other goods. Electrical and me- 
chanical warp stop motions. 

116. Jacquards. 

The principle of construction of jacquards. Single and 

double lift jacquards. Jacquard machines with one- and two 
cylinders. Harness lines. Lingoes. Comber boards. Tying 
up jacquards. Cross border and other jacquard machines. 

121. Yarn Calculations. 

Definitions. Calculations for finding length, weight or 
counts of single yarns, whether cotton, woolen, worsted, silk. 
etc. Ply yarns. 

122. Spoolers, Warpers and Slashers. 
Various methods of preparing cotton warps. 

The spooler, its use and construction. Production per 

spindle. Spindle speeds. Builder motions. Thread guides. 
Different makes of spoolers. 

The operation and setting of the spooler. 

Warpers. The object of the warper. Its construction and 
operations. Speeds, settings, etc. Warpers with and Without 
cone drive. Warper slow motions. Faults In warping and 
their correction. 



37 

The slasher. Its use. Construction i different parts 

of the slasher. 

Sizing or dressing yarns. Materials used. Metln nix- 

ing same. Suitable mat. rials for \ari<>us pur] 

Preparing the war], for the loom. Th< . of 

reeds and harnesses. 

Variations from the aboi m for inch 

as used in gingham and other mills. 

131. Designing. 

Definitions of the words and terms used in designing and 
analysis. Characteristics of the various cli 
Design paper and its application to designing and ana; 
Cloth structure with a study of the various BOur< >m which 

the patterns of fabrics are obtained. Twills. Wave Sff< 
Diamonds. Sateens. Granites. Checkerboards. Etearrai 
Twills. Figured Twills. 

132. Designing. 

Elongated Twills. Entwining Twills. Curved Twills. 
Shaded Weaves. Stripes. Checks derived from contrasting 
weaves. Figured imitation welts. Figured rib or cord weaves. 
Spot weaves, including various systems of arrangement and 

ground weaves. Honey-combs. Imitation l< I 

133. Designing. 

Filling backed weaves. Warp backed weaves. Double 
cloths. Figured double plain cloths. Ply fabrics. Embossed 
fabrics. Bedford cords. Box welts. Fancy piques. Figured 
Marseilles weaves. Figuring with extra filling. Figuring with 
extra warp. Reversible fabrics. 

134. Designing. 

Lenos. Methods of obtaining leno patterns. Mechanism 
and appliances necessary for the production of lenos on open 
shed dobbies. Yoke and Jumper motions. Weaving bottom 
doup patterns on top doups. Bottom and top doup lenos. 
Fancy one doup lenos. 

Pile fabrics, such as corduroys, velvets, plush and terry 
towelings. 

Description of lappet motions. Designing original lappet 
patterns. Reproducing patterns of woven lappet Bamples. 
Chain drafts for weaves and locking motions. 



135. Jacquard Designln| 

Calculations required In com 
How to transfer desigD from i li 
weave patterns of differenl b1< 

weaves and rules for ascertaining b1< d Oiling 

required. Foundations upon which 
based. 

136. Jacquard Designing. 

Sketching of original designs by the differ thods prin- 

cipally used. Development of jacquard i on d< 

paper. Card cutting. Card lacing. Weaving of at least one 
original design. 

Harness tying. Various systems of tying. La] 
and compound ties. Changing shy of Fabrics 

145. Color. 

Theory of colors. Complimentary colors. Hue, value and 

chroma scales. Practical work in color seal' 

146. Color. 

Munsell system of coloring. Color harmony, color effects. 

Analyzing color effects. Practical work in making s<qu. 
and in producing colored designs. 

151. Analysis. 

Standard methods of representing harness and reed drafts. 
Methods of obtaining the best arrangement of yarns in hai 
drafting. Standard methods of representing chain dn 

Methods of obtaining chain drafts. 

The student is required to analyze tw< mples. 

152. Analysis. 

Twelve samples are given for analyzing and at least one 
original design must be worked out complete in every d< 
for the power loom. 

153. Analysis. 

Calculations necessary in finding production per loom per 
day, weavers wages, average numbers and percentage - Pour- 
teen samples are required. 

154. Analysis. 

Particular features of construction in lappets and 
all kinds. Fourteen samples are required. 



11 

156. Analysis. 

Analysis of more difficult sample! and 

teen samples are required. 

156. Analysis. 

Continuation of 155. Work on Jacquard 
samples required in addition to .1,. 

161-162. Hand Loom. 

The hand loom, iis construction and us.' Harness <i' 
as affecting the weave. Building bai bains. 

the hand loom in weaving Fabrics from original and other 
designs and putting Into practice the designing i« 

171. Mechanics. 

The fundamental principles of mechanics and physics, with 
special reference to practical uses in textile machinery and to 
future application in the engineering cours given in a 

series of lectures. Practical problems Illustrating these prin- 
ciples are worked out in the class-room. A study is also made 
of the strength and nature of the different materials used in 
machine construction. 

172. Mechanical Drawing. 

The object of this course in mechanical drawing is to . 
the student a good foundation for reading drawings and for 
making such sketches and drawings as he will he Likely to be 
called on to make in practice. Thoroughness, accuracy, and 
neatness are insisted upon throughout the course. The work 
in mechanical drawing begins with instruction in the use and 
care of drawing instruments. The following is a *, r e- 
outline of the work to be covered: Plain lettering, geometri- 
cal constructions, orthographic and isometric projection, hiking 
and tracing, standards, conventions and tabulation as used in 
the modern drafting room. Simple working drawings are '" 
be made to scale and the final work of the year consists of 
free-hand sketching of machine details from parti aztile 

machinery. This brings into use at one time all the work 
covered during the year and serves as a test of the Btudi 
grasp of the subject. 

173. Mechanism. 

In view of the large number of mechanisms used in textile 
machinery this course is a very important one. The subject 




■a 

c 

05 



O) 

O 

JC 
(0 

h" 

u 
Q 



o 

h 
< 

DC 
< 

Q. 
LU 
CC 
Q. 

Q. 
OC 
< 



43 

is given by means of lectures and recitations, the work in the 
drawing-room being closely related to the class-room instruc- 
tion. This course includes studies and graphical solutions 
of cams, gears, etc. 

174. Machine Shop. 

Shopwork and drawing are organized as one department 
for the purpose of securing close correlation of the work. 
Many exercises are common to the drawing-room and the shop. 
In the machine shop an effort is made not only to train the 
student manually, but also to teach him correct shop methods 
and practice. Carefully graded exercises are arranged to teach 
him the use of measuring instruments, hand tools, and then 
machine tools. The different measuring tools and devices 
with advantages, methods of use and limits of accuracy of 
each are considered. Each cutting tool is taken up, its cutting 
angles and general adjustments are described, together with 
the "feeds" and cutting speeds suitable for each material 
worked and for each machine. The course includes instruction 
in centering, squaring, straight and taper turning and fitting, 
outside and inside screw cutting, chucking, reaming, finishing 
and polishing, drilling, tapping, grinding, boring, planing flat 
and V-surfaces, filing and gear cutting, including spur, bevel, 
rack and worm gears. 

When the student becomes proficient in handling the tools 
and machines he is given work in fitting and assembling, and 
also repair work from the other departments. 

175. Machine Drawing. 

Machine drawing is a continuation of the mechanical draw- 
ing of the first year and the work is dependent upon a 
thorough knowledge of how to apply the conventions of draw- 
ing which custom has made standard as given during the first 
year. The work consists of proportioning of machine details 
as fixed by practice, making assembly drawing from detailed 
sketches, and also detailing parts from assembled machines. 

176. Mechanical Engineering. 

A typical power plant, including the boiler, steam engine, 
and all necessary auxiliary apparatus such as is found in a 
modern cotton mill is studied in detail. Prepared outlines are 
discussed in lecture periods and the details supplied by the 
student after reading assignments in standard text and refer- 
ence books. Practice is given in handling engines, apparatus 
and equipment in the laboratory. Exercises consist in ad- 



45 

justing, starting and running engines, taking and working 
out indicator cards, prony brake tests, pump and injector 
tests, etc. 

177. Electrical Engineering. 

The elementary principles of magnetism and electricity are 
taken up in lecture and recitation and are supplemented by 
laboratory exercises. Emphasis is placed on the different 
wiring systems and electric drives as used in mills and fac- 
tories. A general study is made of a typical electrical power 
plant, and of the apparatus required to generate and dis- 
tribute electrical energy. 

178. Mill Engineering. 

Proficiency in this course depends on the thoroughness with 
which the work of the previous courses was carried on. The 
course consists of lectures supplemented by work in the 
drafting room. Problems in design, construction and equip- 
ment of mills and factories are taken up. The subject includes 
foundations, walls, floors, roofs, and mill construction in gen- 
eral. The choice of location and the methods of transmitting 
power are discussed. The following outline shows the scope 
of the course: Principles underlying the design and construc- 
tion of framed structures, involving the use of wood, steel, 
brick, stone, concrete and reinforced concrete, methods of 
lighting, ventilating and protecting from fire. 

181. General Chemistry. 

This course comprises two lectures of one hour each and 
eleven and three-quarters hours laboratory work per week dur- 
ing the first term of the first year. The lectures are designed to 
precede the laboratory work in which the student is expected 
to verify and illustrate the principles and facts discussed in 
the lecture room. Careful manipulation, thoroughness in 
observation, accuracy in arriving at conclusions, and neatness 
are required of each student. The fundamental principles of 
the science are taught in connection with the descriptive 
chemistry of the elements. 

No previous study of chemistry is required for admission 
to this course, but the instruction is so arranged that students 
having already spent considerable time in chemistry in other 
schools are given advanced work in which the knowledge al- 
ready acquired is utilized. 

Text Book: — Morgan and Lyman's Chemistry. 



47 



191. Qualitative Analysis. 



This course comprises one lecture and one recitation period 
of three-quarters of an hour each and ten hours laboratory 
work a week during the first term of the first year. The 
student is taught the principle of systematic qualitative anal- 
ysis and the application of the principles to detect the base 
forming elements, the acid forming elements, and the various 
classes of compounds of the bases and the acids. Especial 
attention is paid to the inorganic materials ordinarily met 
with in the manufacture, dyeing, and finishing of cotton piece 
goods. The student is required to correctly analyze a sufficient 
number of unknown substances to demonstrate his ability to 
detect any of the elements ordinarily met with. 

Text Book: — Noyes' "Qualitative Analysis." 

202. Quantitative Analysis. 

This course comprises one lecture and twelve and one- 
quarter hours laboratory work per week. The first part of 
the term is spent in simple gravimetric determination of 
chlorine, sulphuric, carbonic, and phosphoric acids, and iron, 
aluminum, calcium and magnesium. The last part of the 
term is devoted to volumetric determinations involving the 
use of acids, alkalis, oxidizing and reducing agents, and chlo- 
rimetry. Great stress is laid on the accuracy and integrity 
necessary for quantitative work. Each student is required, 
under supervision of the instructor, to adjust his own balances 
and calibrate all burrettes, flasks, and pipettes he uses that 
he may understand the nature and amount of error in his 
work, thus giving him confidence in his results. In con- 
nection with this course, a thorough training in the solution 
of chemical problems is given. The use of reference books is 
encouraged and each student is trained to consider each orig- 
inal analysis from the various points of view possible. 

Text Book: — Talbot's "Quantitative Analysis." 

212. Organic Chemistry. 

This course is divided into two terms, the first term giving 
a general survey of the subject, a thorough training being 
given in the reactions and properties of the various com- 
pounds met with in textile industries. The two lower mem- 
bers of the paraffines and their derivatives are exhaustively 
treated. Then the study of the higher members is taken 
up, the unsaturated hydro-carbons and their derivatives, espe- 



49 



cial attention being given to the members met with in the 
artificial dye-stuffs. 

Text Book: — Remsen's "Organic Chemistry." 

213. Organic Chemistry. 

The work of the second term is devoted exclusively to the 
study of dye-stuffs and their preparation. The constitutions of 
various typical dye-stuffs are studied to determine their in- 
fluence on coloring power, dyeing properties, and fastness to 
light, acids, alkalis, bleaching, etc. In the limited time af- 
forded, the number of dye-stuffs studied is necessarily limited 
but the training is made so thorough that the student is 
enabled to take up further investigation intelligently should 
his future work demand it. 

222. Dyeing. 

This subject begins with a general study of the effect of vari- 
ous chemicals on the fibres of commerce. This is followed by 
a specific study of the action of the usual scouring agents and 
their value. The student is taught to bleach cotton, wool, and 
silk, by means of sulphur dioxide, bleaching powder, per- 
manganate of potassium, and by sodium peroxide, particular 
attention being paid to the bleaching of cotton. The classi- 
fication of dyes into five broad general groups, i. e., acid, 
basic, substantive, mordant, and pigment dyes, is next 
taken up. The application of acid dyes to cotton, wool, and 
silk, under best conditions, is followed by a study of the fast- 
ness of the dyed fibres to light, washing, milling, water, per- 
spiration, carbonizing, cross dyeing, stoving, chloring and 
crooking. Basic dyes are then taken up with their application 
to cotton, wool, and silk. The various tests for fastness are 
then taken up and compared with the results obtained from 
the acid dyes. The dyeing of cotton with substantive dyes 
and the effect of aftertreating with chrome, bluestone, and 
shading with basic dyes is likewise followed by the comparison 
with acid, and basic dyes. The work of this term is completed 
by a study of the sulphur, developed, and mordant dyes. 
Parallel to this course of laboratory work runs a series of 
lectures treating on the bleaching, dyeing, and finishing of 
piece goods. 

Text Book: — Matthews' "Manual of Dyeing." 

223. Dyeing. 

The work of this term is a continuation of that of the pre- 
vious term and starts by treating of logwood, and then the 



51 



minor natural dyes. Indigo, which is now manufactured on a 
large scale by synthetic methods, and the various so-called vat 
dyes, as the indanthene, ciba, algol, thio-indigo, etc., are 
studied very fully and exhaustively. Having now covered the 
application of the dye-stuffs to the various fibres, the student 
takes up the method of testing the dye-stuff to determine its 
money value, whether simple dye or a mixture, whether acid 
or basic, adulteration present, and the identification of specific 
dye-stuffs by their various chemical reactions. Tests are ap- 
plied to determine the amount of dye-stuff necessary for a full 
shade, the proper amount of mordant, and the degree of ex- 
haustion of the bath. Matching to shade and the effect of 
the dichroic properties of various dye-stuffs on the shade pro- 
duced is taken up. At this point a general review of the 
subject is taken up covering all the previous work done in 
the course. The term's work is completed by the study of the 
methods of determining the amount of cotton, wool, silk, linen, 
or artificial silk present in a fabric, and the methods used for 
the detection and determination of the various materials used 
for sizing and mordants on the fabric. Parallel to this course 
runs a series of lectures calling attention to the details of ap- 
plication of the various special methods of dyeing of cotton 
yarns and pieces on a large scale. 

Text Book: — Matthews' "Manual of Dyeing." 

224. Dyeing. 

The laboratory work of this term is mainly devoted to the 
printing of textile fabrics, especial emphasis being laid on cot- 
ton. The theory and practice of the various styles such as 
the pigment style, the direct printing style, the steam style or 
metallic or tannin mordants, resist and discharge dye styles, 
the developed azo style, the printing of indigo and similar dye- 
stuffs and aniline black are studied. The student makes as 
many different prints as the time will allow. The course is 
concluded by experiments illustrating the practice of mercer- 
izing cotton fabrics and a study of the various functions of the 
various stiffening and softening agents used to produce the 
various finishes required by the trade. The lecture course 
during this term covers practically the same ground as the 
laboratory work, especial emphasis being laid on the merceriz- 
ing and finishing of cotton yarns and cloth. During the entire 
course the student accumulates several thousand samples which 
he is required to mount in a specially designed sample book 
for his reference in the future. Special stress is laid on 
quality rather than quantity of work done. As often as time 



53 



permits and circumstances demand it, lots of yarn, hosiery, 
etc., of commercial size, are dyed by the students for other 
departments. 

233-234. Textile Chemistry. 

This subject comprises thirteen and a half hours a week 
during the first term and ten hours during the second term of 
laboratory work with frequent personal conferences with the 
instructor. The students take up a detailed study of the vari- 
ous chemical and physical properties of the textile fibres and 
the various chemical compounds used in connection with them. 
This leads to the study of various processes and their applica- 
tion under varied circumstances. 

244. Thesis. 

Each student who is to graduate from the course in Chem- 
istry and Dyeing must devote twelve hours per week during the 
last half of his second year to original work, and at least one 
week before graduation must submit to the Principal of the 
department a thesis of not less than two thousand words based 
upon the results of his own investigations. 

251. General Chemistry. 

The training afforded by a course in General Chemistry is 
considered of value to all the students of the school and also 
lays the foundation for the subsequent course in dyeing. 
Hence students taking courses in the cotton or knitting de- 
partments are required to take General Chemistry during the 
first year. This subject covers the same ground as subject 
181, but in a briefer manner. Five hours per week are spent 
in the laboratory, and one hour in the lecture and recitation 
room. A few of the simpler organic compounds are also 
studied. 

Text Book: — Morgan and Lyman's Chemistry. 

252. Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis. 

In this course one hour per week is devoted to lecture and 
recitations, and five hours to laboratory work on qualitative 
and quantitative analysis. As far as possible compounds 
actually used in the manufacture of yarns and cloth are used 
for analysis. The quantitative work is entirely confined to 
volumetric processes. The methods of testing flue gases, 
lubricating oils and coals are also discussed and students 
showing sufficient ability are allowed to make the usual tests. 

Text Book: — Newth's "A Smaller Chemical Analysis," and 
original typewritten notes. 



55 



263-264. Dyeing. 



This course covers in a briefer manner the same ground as 
subjects 222 and 223; the matter of secondary interest to the 
cotton manufacturer being omitted. The course comprises 
one hour lecture and five hours' laboratory work per week 
during one year. 

Text Book — Matthews' "Manual of Dyeing." 

271. Winding and Rib Top Knitting. 

Winding and preparation of cotton, lisle, wool, worsted and 
silk yarns for running on rib top, rib leg and hosiery knitting 
machines. 

Construction of circular rib top knitting machines, principle 
of circular latch needle knitting, setting and adjusting of dif- 
ferent makes of machines. 

Rib top knitting on twelve, eighteen, twenty-four, thirty, 
thirty-six and forty-two gauge needle machines, with cotton, 
lisle, wool, worsted and silk yarn. 

272. Rib Leg Knitting. 

Rib leg machines, with knee and ankle splicer, chain and 
chainless measuring devices. 

Rib leg knitting. Different classes of ribs, lace effects, 
spliced knee and ankle, for children's, boys' and misses' 
stockings. 

Plaiting. Silk yarn on cotton and worsted yarn; 
also worsted on cotton yarn, for rib tops and rib legs. 

273. Hosiery Knitting. 

Principle of latch needle seamless hosiery knitting. Con- 
struction, setting and adjusting of three-quarter, seven-eighth 
and full automatic hosiery machines. 

Knitting on three-quarter automatic hosiery machines, cot- 
ton and wool stockings, fine split sole, hose and half hose. 

Seven-eighth automatic hosiery machine, medium and fine 
gauge hose and half hose. 

Knitting men's half hose, ladies' hose; footing children's, 
boys, and misses' rib legs. White feet and black legs ladies' 
stockings, double sole, reinforced heel and toe; plaited hose 
and half hose with white heel and toe, fancy lace effects, on 
full automatic hosiery machines. 



57 



274. Hosiery Finishing. 



Hemming and embroidering stockings. Looping, mending 
and singeing. Boarding, drying and pressing. Inspecting, 
pairing, stamping, folding and boxing, keeping stock and han- 
dling boxed goods. 

Method of handling and keeping track of goods through 
the mill. 

Cost of manufacturing different classes of seamless hosiery 
from yarn to box. 

281. Winding and Knitting Cuffs and Sleeves. 

Winding and preparation of the different classes of yarns 
used in the knitting of underwear. 

Construction of circular latch needle rib cuff machines, two 
feed automatic tuck and plain sleevers, with slack course and 
welt attachments; the principle of plain and tuck stitch knit- 
ting. 

282. Underwear Knitting. 

Knit to shape ladies' underwear on latch needle circular rib 
body machines, different principles of this class of knitting. 
Construction and adjustment of the machines to knit cotton, 
lisle, worsted and silk yarns; different methods of plaiting on 
these machines. 

283. Underwear Knitting. 

Knitting plain 1 & 1 cloth for cut to shape union suits and 
fancy rib cloth for ladies' underwear on plain latch needle 
body machine. 

Latch needle, balbriggan, plain web knitting for plain and 
fancy stripes, in light weight underwear. 

Rib cuff and shirt borders knitting on circular latch needle 
rib border and cuff machinery. 

Spring needle circular rib knitting. A new principle of 
knitting extra fine cloth for underwear. 

284. Underwear Finishing. 

Cutting men's shirts and drawers, ladies' vests, infants' 
wrappers, children's, boys' and misses' vests and union suits. 

Looping, seaming and finishing of underwear in detail. 

Fixing and adjusting of the principal styles and makes of 
sewing machines used in the manufacture of underwear. 

Method of handling the goods in process of manufacture 
from yarn to box. 




a 

a. 

3 
O" 
V 



o 

z 



E 

o 

o 

cc 

c 

!c 
w 



■a 

c 

(T5 

O) 

c 

Q 

c 

$ 

o 

W 



H 
Q. 
LLl 
Q 

a 

z 

UJ 
> 
Q 



> 

CC 

H 

CO 

LLl 
I 

o 



59 



293. Miscellaneous Knitting. 

Knitting fine French balbriggan cloth, worsted and merino 
cloth, single and double plush cloth, for fleeced lined under- 
wear, made on spring needle frame. 

Sweater Knitting, with racked rib and cuffs, pineapple stitch 
and fancy colored effects on circular rib machines. 

Full fashion sweater knitting on the Lamb full fashion 
hand power machine. 

Knitting golf gloves on the Lamb hand power machine. 

Different processes of finishing balbriggan, worsted, merino 
and fleeced cloth, into underwear ready for market. 










C 

ro 



D 



o 



Q. 
Q 

O 

Z 

h- 



61 



EVENING CLASSES. 

Evening instruction, similar to the day, on the same 
machinery and by the heads of the day departments as- 
sisted by practical skilled men from the mills, is given for 
the benefit of workers in local mills and machine shops. 
The instruction in the evening classes is divided into 
sections so as to give the greatest possible facilities to the 
students in these classes. 

Certificates are granted to all students in the evening 
classes who have successfully completed the equivalent to 
two years' work, two evenings a week. The certificate 
states the subjects that the student has passed in and the 
length of time he has devoted to the work. 

Evening students are enrolled at the commencement 
of both the fall and spring terms, the work being so ar- 
ranged that a student enrolling at the opening of the 
spring term for a one-year course will complete his work 
at the end of the following fall term. The subjects taken 
up in the different evening courses follow the detailed 
topics as specified on pages 33-59. 

Students enrolling in the chemistry or dyeing courses 
are required to make a deposit of $2.50 for breakage. In 
case the breakage caused by any student does not equal 
the amount of his deposit, the balance is returned to him 
at the end of the school year. 

The school is in session four evenings a week for 
twenty weeks, — Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday, 
from 7.30 to 9.15. 

For terms of admission see page 73 of this catalogue. 




>> 

c 
V 
"to 

o 

I 

cr 

c 

o 

Si 

w 

H 

Q. 
LU 
Q 

O 

Z 

H 
h 

Z 






63 
COURSES OF INSTRUCTION, EVENING CLASSES. 



Carding and Spinning Department. 

Picking and Carding — one year, two evenings a week. 

Combing — one year, two evenings a week. 

Drawing and Roving Frames — one year, two evenings 
a week. 

Ring Spinning and Twisting — one year, two evenings 
a week. 

Mule Spinning — one year, two evenings a week. 

Cotton sampling — one term, two evenings a week. 

Advanced Calculations in Carding and Spinning — 
one year, one evening a week. 

Weaving and Warp Preparation Departments. 

Spooling, Warping and Slashing — one term, two 
evenings a week. 

Plain Weaving and Fixing — one year, two evenings 

a week. 

Fancy Weaving and Fixing — one year, two evenings 

a week. 

Weaving and Fixing, (French Class) — one year, two 
evenings a week. 

Weaving and Fixing, (Portuguese Class) — one year, 
two evenings a week. 

Advanced Calculations in Weaving — one year, one 
evening a week. 

Designing Department. 

Elementary Designing and Cloth Construction — one 
year, three evenings a week. 

Advanced Designing and Cloth Construction— one 
year, three evenings a week. 

Jacquard Designing— one year, two evenings a week. 

Knitting Department. 

Special Knitting— one year, two evenings a week. 




oi 

c 

I 

o 

X 

if) 

H 
Q. 
LU 
Q 

O 
Z 

H 
h 

Z 



65 
Mechanical Department. 

Mechanical Drawing — one year, two evenings a week. 

Advanced Drawing — one year, two evenings a week. 

Machine Shop Practice — one year, two evenings a 
week. 

Advanced Shop Work — one year, two evenings a week. 

Mechanical Engineering — one year, two evenings a 
week. 

Chemistry Department, 

General Chemistry — one year, two evenings a week. 
Qualitative Analysis — one year, two evenings a week. 
Quantitative Analysis — one year, two evenings a 
week. 

Organic Chemistry — one year, two evenings a week. 
Textile Chemistry I — one year, two evenings a week. 
Textile Chemistry II — one year, two evenings a week. 
Dyeing I — one year, two evenings a week. 
Dyeing II — one year, two evenings a week. 
Dyeing III — one year, two evenings a week. 

Mathematics. 

Mill Calculations — one year, two evenings a week. 

The school diploma will be granted to those students 
of the evening classes who successfully complete the work 
specified under the following courses: 

I. Carding and Spinning: 

Picking and Carding, Drawing and Roving Frames, 
Combing. Ring Spinning and Twisting, Mule Spinning. 
Cotton Sampling, Advanced Calculations in Carding and 
Spinning, Mechanical Drawing, Advanced Drawing. 



67 



II. Weaving and Designing: 

Spooling, Warping and Slashing, Plain Weaving and 
Fixing, Fancy Weaving and Fixing, Elementary Design- 
ing and Cloth Construction, Advanced Designing and 
Cloth Construction, Jacquard Designing, Cotton Sampling, 
Mechanical Drawing, Advanced Drawing. 

III. Chemistry and Dyeing: 

General Chemistry, Qualitative Analysis, Quantita- 
tive Analysis, Organic Chemistry, Textile Chemistry I, 
Textile Chemistry II, Dyeing I, Dyeing II, Dyeing III, 
Mechanical Drawing, Advanced Drawing. 



Women. 



The designing of textile fabrics is an occupation that 
offers many inducements to women and is also one that is 
constantly widening. The designing courses offered by the 
New Bedford Textile School are open to all women and the 
same advantage extended as in the case of men. 



69 



GENERAL INFORMATION. 

CONDITIONS OF ADMISSION TO DAY CLASSES. 

Candidates for admission to the regular day courses 
must be at least sixteen years of age. Those who have 
been students of other technical institutions, colleges, or 
universities are required to furnish a certificate of hon- 
orable dismissal from those institutions. Candidates hav- 
ing a graduate's certificate from a high school or other 
educational institution of equal standing are admitted 
without examination. Other applicants for admission to 
these courses are required to undergo examinations in 
arithmetic, English and commercial geography. 

Candidates for admission to the elementary courses 
designated on page 18 of this catalogue as tivo-year and 
four-year classes must be at least fourteen years old. If 
such candidates are graduates of a grammar school, they 
will be admitted without examination; otherwise they will 
be required to undergo examinations in arithmetic, Eng- 
lish and geography. 

All candidates, whether desiring to be enrolled on 
certificate or by passing the entrance examination must 
fill out an application blank, which should be delivered 
at the school as early as possible before the opening of the 
fall term. 

Applicants desiring to take up special studies in 
the school may be admitted provided their applications 
are approved by the President and Manager. Such 
students shall be known as specials and, upon satisfactory 
completion of their work in the school, shall be given 
certificates stating the work they have covered and the 
time they have been in attendance. 







o 

c 

LU 

a 

c 

I 

o 

W 

a. 



71 

No applicant is admitted to the regular courses of the 
school after the first four weeks unless he has already cov- 
ered the work of the school for the time preceding the date 
of his application; nor shall any change in any student's 
course be made after the first four weeks of the fall term 
except by permission of the President and Manager. 

The examinations for those desiring to enter the 
school at the opening of the fall term of 1913 will be hold 
at the school only, Friday, Sept. 12, at 9 a. m. 

The detailed topics dealt with in the entrance ex- 
aminations are as follows : 

ARITHMETIC. 

Definitions, addition, subtraction, multiplication, 
division, factors, multiples, cancellation, fractions, deci- 
mals, percentage, interest, ratio and proportion, square 
root, compound quantities, mensuration, metric system. 

ENGLISH. 

The candidate will be required to show his ability to 
spell, capitalize, and punctuate correctly ; to show a prac- 
tical knowledge of the essentials of English grammar, a 
good training in the construction of the sentence, and 
familiarity with the simple principles of paragraph 
division and structure. 

He will be required to write a business letter, and 
one or more short articles on subjects assigned from 
which he may select. Ability to express himself clearly 
and accurately will be considered of prime importance. 

COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY. 

Farm products of the United States, where raised; 
our mines, and where located; our manufactures, and 
where established; our exports, and to what countries; 
our imports, and from what countries ; our transportation 
facilities. 



73 
CONDITIONS OF ADMISSION TO EVENING CLASSES. 

Candidates for admission to the evening classes must 
be at least fourteen years of age and must satisfy the 
head of the department which they desire to enter that 
they have sufficient knowledge to be benefited by the in- 
struction offered. 

FEES. 

Day Students: No tuition fee is charged day stu- 
dents who are residents of New Bedford. For other stu- 
dents from Massachusetts the fee is $50.00 a year, payable 
in advance in two equal installments in September and 
February. For students who come from outside the State 
of Massachusetts the fee is $150.00 a year, payable in ad- 
vance in two equal installments in September and Feb- 
ruary. No fees are refunded except by special action of 
the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors. 

The above fee includes admission to any of the even- 
ing classes in which there is accommodation and which the 
day students may desire to attend. 

A deposit of $5.00 is required of all day students tak- 
ing work in the chemistry department. This deposit cov- 
ers cost of any breakage that may occur. Any unexpended 
balance is returned at the end of the year. To students 
coming from outside the State of Massachusetts, a further 
charge of $10.00 for chemicals is made. 

Students are required to supply themselves with such 
books, tools and materials as are recommended by the 
school, and pay for any breakage or damage that they may 
cause in addition to the above named fee. 

Evening Students : No tuition fee is charged evening 
students. Students enrolled in the chemistry or dyeing 
courses are required to make a deposit of $2.50 for break- 
age. In case the breakage caused by any student does not 
equal the amount of his deposit, the balance is returned to 
him at the close of the school year. Evening students are 
required to supply themselves with such books and ma- 



75 

terials as are recommended by the school, but this charge 
is small. 

SCHOOL HOURS. 

The school hours are from 8.30 to 12 each morning 
excepting Saturdays with afternoon sessions from 1.30 to 
4.30 except Saturdays. 

EXAMINATIONS, CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS. 

Examinations are held as tests of the student's work 
at the mid-fall term, end of fall term, and mid-spring term. 

The final examination is held at the end of the spring 
term. Results of these examinations, together with the 
student 's marks recorded from recitations, practical demon- 
strations, and student's books are taken into account in 
ranking students at the end of each year, and for gradua- 
tion. Unsatisfactory progress necessitates the student re- 
peating his studies. 

Diplomas are given on the satisfactory completion of 
a course of study extending over a period named in con- 
nection with each course, if the student's record is other- 
wise satisfactory. 

Students taking special courses, in most cases, are 
entitled to a certificate if they honorably and satisfactorily 
complete the course of instruction scheduled. 

Day students are required to spend as much time daily 
out of school hours in study, such as recording lectures and 
other notes, as may be necessary to maintain proper stand- 
ing. The students' Books are examined by the instructors 
periodically, and tjie care and accuracy with which they 
are kept is considered in ranking students. 

CONDUCT. 

Both day and evening students are required to con- 
duct themselves in an orderly and gentlemanly manner 
while in attendance at the school. When the conduct of 
any student is considered by the Manager of the school 
detrimental to its best interests, he will be suspended by 
the Manager and the case reported to the Executive 
Committee for action. 



77 

Any student who presents at any time work as his 
own which he has not performed, or tries to pass an ex- 
amination by dishonorable means, shall be regarded as 
having- committed a serious offence. 

Students shall exercise due care in the use of the 
school apparatus and machinery. All breakages and 
accidents must be reported at once to the instructor in 
charge and the student will be held liable for any wilful 
damage or the result of gross carelessness. 

ATTENDANCE. 

Day students taking the regular courses are required 
to attend every exercise of the sehoof; special students, 
every exercise called for by their schedules. For every 
case of absence or tardiness, students must present an 
excuse to the registrar. A certain number of unsatisfac- 
tory excuses will render the student liable to suspension 
and further action if cause is sufficient. 

When the attendance of an evening student is un- 
satisfactory, he will render himself liable to be dropped 
from the school. 

BOARD AND ROOMS. 

New Bedford is unusually desirable as a residential 
city, and students will find numerous houses of private 
families and boarding houses, where they may obtain room 
and board. 

No requirements are made as to residence of out of 
town students, although facilities are given by having 
addresses of suitable houses on file at the school. 

No definite estimate can be made of the cost, as this 
depends entirely on the tastes of the student, but board 
and room may be obtained for from $6.00 per week up- 
wards. 

TOOLS AND MATERIALS. 

Students are required to purchase such materials, text 
books, tools and apparatus as may be required from time 
to time by the school authorities or make deposits on such 



78 

are Loaned to them. The supplies required vary with 
the courses for which the students enter, the cost being 
iron i $8 to $15 per year. 

LIBRARY. 

The school maintains a library that contains all the 
besl works on carding and spinning, weaving, designing, 
knitting, dyeing, and mechanics, also a consulting en- 
cyclopedia and an international dictionary. Catalogues 
and pamphlets dealing with machinery or processes re- 
lated to textile work are also on file, as are all the leading 
textile journals and.trade papers. The students have access 
to the library during school hours. 

ATHLETICS. 

The school has an athletic association and the 
students participate actively in various sports and 
games. Although the school has no gymnasium attached 
to it as yet. the high school authorities of the city have 
permitted the use of its large and finely equipped gym- 
nasium, in which the students have indoor practice and 
games. There are also several athletic fields open to the 
students for their out-of-door sports. A large room has 
been fitted up in the school for the use of the association, 
;ind the management of the school will give all reasonable 
encouragement and support to the furtherance of health- 
ful recreation and manly sports for its students. 



70 



THE WILLIAM FIRTH SCHOLARSHIP AT THE 
NEW BEDFORD TEXTILE SCHOOL. 

The donation of William Firth, Esq., has established 
a scholarship at the New Bedford Textile School, primari- 
ly for the benefit of a son of a member or of a deceased 
member of the National Association of Cotton Manu- 
facturers, furnishing to the recipient of such scholarship 
tuition for the course. Candidates for this scholarship 
must apply by letter only, addressed to the National Asso- 
ciation of Cotton Manufacturers, P. 0. Box 3672, Boston. 
Mass. The candidates must be at least sixteen years of 
age and furnish certificates of good moral character, and 
those who have been students of other technical institu- 
tions, colleges or other universities are required to furnish 
certificates of honorable dismissal from such institutions. 
Those applicants conforming to the above conditions are 
nominated by the Board of Government to the New Bed- 
ford Textile School, and the selection of the candidate 
for the scholarship is made as the result of an examina- 
tion held at New Bedford, Mass. Every candidate, pre- 
vious to the examination, must file an application at the 
school for admission, agreeing to observe the rules and 
regulations of the school. Candidates are eligible for any 
of the courses included in the curriculum of the school. 

In case the son of a member or of a deceased member 
of the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers does 
not apply for the scholarship, any person eligible for 
entrance to the school may make application. 

This scholarship will be available for the school year 
commencing the fall of 1915. 



80 



THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COTTON MANU- 
FACTURERS' MEDAL. 

The National Association of Cotton Manufacturers 
offers a medal to be awarded each year to the student in 
the graduating class who shows the greatest proficiency 
in scholarship. This is determined by an examination of 
the records of the students' progress throughout their 
studies, which are recorded and reported upon by the 
instructors and kept permanently on file. 

The competition for this medal is open to all day 
students who graduate in the Complete Cotton Manu- 
facturing Course, or to evening students who have com- 
pleted studies comprised in that course and graduated 
therein. The association offering the medal has made it a 
condition of the award that at least four members of the 
graduating class be eligible to the competition. 



81 



EQUIPMENT. 

COTTOxY CARDING AND SPINNING DEPARTMENT. 

This department occupies nearly the entire first floor 
of the machinery building, and has approximately 9,000 
square feet of floor surface. The equipment is large and 
diversified, enabling the students to become acquainted 
with practically all the leading makes of machines found 
in the carding or spinning departments of a cotton mill. 

A special feature of the equipment is the large num- 
ber of models of the principal parts of the different 
machines in this department. These models are so 
mounted that the different settings and adjustments can 
be made equally as well as on the machine itself, and thus 
enable the student to more readily grasp the essential 
points, since the parts are much more readily accessible. 

The department is humidified by the system of the 
American Moistening Company. 

Picker Room. 

] Carver cotton gin. 

1 Kitson roving waste machine. 

1 Kitson automatic feeder. 

1 Kitson porcupine opener with cleaning trunk. 

1 Kitson breaker lapper with condenser and guage 

box. 
1 Atherton intermediate lapper. 
1 Howard & Bullough finisher lapper. 
1 Potter & Johnston finisher lapper. 

Carding and Spinning Room. 

1 Mason card. 

1 Howard & Bullough card. 



82 



Pettee card, 
[fetherington card. 
Potter cV. .Johnston card. 
Wiiil in card. 

Whiiiii Bliver lap machine. 
HetheringtOD sliver lap machine. 
Whiiin combers. 
Betherington comber. 
Nasniilh comber. 
.Mont fort comber. 
Mason railway head. 
Saco & Pettee improved railway head. 
Saco & Pettee draw frame. 
Howard & Bullough draw frame. 
Woonsocket draw frame. 
Whit in draw frame. 
Woonsocket slubber. 
Woonsocket second intermediate. 
Providence first intermediate. 
Howard & Bullough second intermediate. 
Dobson & Barlow fine roving frame. 
Saco & Pettee fine roving frame. 
Whitin spinning frame. 
Howard & Bullough spinning frame. 
Saco & Pettee spinning frame. 
Pales & Jenks spinning frame. (Motor driven.) 
Mason mule. 
Ilctlierington mule. 
Draper twisters. 
Draper banding machine. 
Kales & Jenks twister. (Motor driven.) 
Dronsfield card flat grinding and testing machine. 
Dronsfield card clothing machine. 

TESTING MACHINES. 



1 Moscrop single thread tester. 

2 Goodbrand thread testers. 



83 

1 Goodbrand conditioning and testing machine. 

1 Goodbrand inspecting machine. 

2 Goodbrand yarn reels. 
1 Knowles yarn balance. 

1 Brown & Sharp yarn scale. 

1 Goodbrand roving reel. 

1 Brown & Sharp roving reel. 

1 Percentage scale. 

1 Goodbrand picker lap scale. 

MODELS. 

1 case English spinning and twisting spindles. 

1 case American spinning and twisting spindles. 

2 Howard differential motions. 

1 Dobson & Barlow differential motion. 

1 Woonsocket differential motion. 

1 Asa Lees differential motion. 

1 Howard & Bullough roving frame builder motion. 

1 Woonsocket roving frame builder motion. 

1 Whitin spinning frame builder motion. 

1 Draper twister builder motion. 

1 Nasmith nipper frame. 

1 Nasmith cylinder. 

1 Providence roving frame swing motion. 

WEAVING AND WARP PREPARATION DEPARTMENT. 

This department occupies all of the second floor of 
the machinery building and contains about 9,500 square 
feet of floor area. The equipment is very complete and 
includes sufficient machinery to enable each student to 
obtain all the practical experience required in connection 
with his studies. All of the latest machinery is repre- 
sented in this equipment, and as the machinery is made 
especially for use in the school it fully meets the needs of 
the students. 

The list of machines is as follows: 

1 Crompton & Knowles Providence plain cam loom. 



84 



I rompton & Knowles Providence plain and 3 har- 
ness cam loom. 

Crompton & Knowles Providence plain and 4 har- 
ness earn loom. 

Crompton & Knowles Providence plain and 5 har- 
ness cam loom with mechanical warp-stop motion. 

Kilburn & Lincoln plain cam looms. 

Lowell plain cam loom. 

Lowell plain and 5 harness cam loom. 

Whitin plain and 3 harness cam loom. 

Whitin plain and 4 harness cam loom. 

Whitin plain and 5 harness cam looms. 

Stafford (Readville) automatic shuttle changing 
loom. 

Draper automatic bobbin changing looms. 

Mason standard print cloth loom. 

Mason plain and 5 harness cam loom. 

Whitin 25 harness dobby looms with leno and 2x1 
box motions. 

Whitin 25 harness dobby looms with leno motion. 

Whitin 20 harness dobby loom. 

Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 2 bar lappet 
looms. 

Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) gingham loom 
4x1 box. 

Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) gingham loom 
6x1 box. 

Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 25 harness 
dobby loom. 

('rompton & Knowles (Worcester) 20 harness 
(lobby loom with 4x1 box motion. 

Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 12 harness 
dobby towel loom with 3x1 box motion. 

Stafford (Providence) 20 harness dobby loom with 
Leno motion. 

Stafford (Providence) 25 harness dobby loom with 
leno motion. 



85 

.1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20 harness 

dobby loom. 
1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20 harness 

double cylinder dobby loom. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20 harness 

dobby loom with multiplier. 

2 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 25 harness 

dobby looms with leno motions. 

3 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 25 harness 

dobby looms with leno and 2x1 box motions. 
1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) rise and drop 

jacquard loom with 200 hooks. 
1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) single lift 

jacquard loom with 300 hooks. 
1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) double lift 

jacquard loom with 400 hooks. 
3 Kilburn & Lincoln 25 harness dobby looms. 
1 Stafford (Readville) 25 harness dobby loom. 
1 John Royle & Sons card cutting machine. 
There are also models for demonstrating leno mo- 
tions, box. motions, warp-stop motions, etc. 
1 Draper spooler. 
1 Easton & Burnham spooler. 

1 Entwistle warper. 

2 Draper warpers. 
1 Whit in reel. 

1 Universal bobbin winder. 
1 Howard & Bullough slasher. 

DESIGNING DEPARTMENT. 

The design class room is located on the third floor 
of the recitation building, and is a large well lighted 
room containing all the appliances necessary for instruc- 
tion in this important subject. Special attention has been 
given to the method of lighting this room to give the 
best results, and the desks are made with special refer- 
ence to the needs of the student of designing. 



86 



The hand Loom work is located in a large room on 
the third floor of the machinery building. This room 
.•out a ins twenty-eight band looms adapted to the nse of 
students in experimental work, and in putting into prac- 
tice the theory of designing, and also to enable them to 
produce certain of the designs that they are taught in 
the designing class. The room is well lighted by a saw- 
tooth roof. 

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT. 

Instruction in the Mechanical Department is carried 
on in five different rooms located in various parts of the 
new building. These rooms are arranged and fitted out 
with apparatus to meet the needs of the students follow- 
ing this course. The department is subdivided into the 
following sections : Mechanical Drawing, Mechanical En- 
gineering, and Machine Shop Work. 

Mechanical Drawing. 

The drafting room is located on the second floor of 
the new building and is well lighted by northern and 
western exposures. It is equipped with independent 
drawing tables and lockers for the drawing boards and 
materials. For the students' use in connection with their 
drafting instruction there is a collection of models, me- 
chanical apparatus and machine parts. On the third floor 
there is a swinging blue print frame mounted on a track, 
and a large dark room fitted with modern conveniences 
for blue printing. 

Mechanical Engineering. 

Instruction in steam and electrical engineering is 
given both in theory and practice. The theoretical part 
o\' the course is carried on in a large recitation room on 
the second floor, while the practical side is studied in the 
engineering laboratory in the basement of the new build- 
ing. The laboratory is supplied with steam direct from 
the boiler room and also has gas and water connections. 

the study of electricity there is provided a source of 
alternating current at 110 volts and 220 volts pressure. 



87 

The laboratory equipment consists of the following 
apparatus : 

1 Cahall 30-horse power water tubular boiler. 

1 Buffalo 40-horse power horizontal high sp^ed steam 

engine. 
1 Jacobs boiler feed water heater. 
1 Cockrane oil separator. 
1 Buffalo 3" x 2" x 3%" duplex feed pump. 
1 Knowles 4%" x 2%" x 4" feed pump and receiver. 
1 Four-horse power gas engine. 

1 Sturtevant 5%-horse power vertical steam engine. 
1 Small model steam power plant. 

1 Crosby gauge tester. 

2 Crosby steam engine indicators. 
1 Portable watt meter. 

1 Portable voltmeter. 

1 Portable ammeter. 

1 Tachometer. 

1 Peabody calorimeter. 

1 Amsler polar planimeter. 

1 Type N Metropolitan injector. 

1 Portable switchboard. 

1 Current transformer. 

1 Resistance frame. 

1 Arc light. 

1 Prony brake. 

The equipment includes several steam gauges and a 
number of the various types of stop and. check valves in 
part section to show the working mechanism. The school 
power plant is available for use in studying steam and 
electrical devices found in the modern power plant. 

Machine Shop. 

■ 

This department of the school occupies about 2800 
square feet of floor surface on the first floor of the new 
building. The department is electrically driven and the 
equipment, all of which is modern, is as follows: 



88 



Reed 18" x 8' engine lathe. 

Reed 12"x6' engine lathe. 

Reed L2"x5' engine lathes. 

[Jendey 14" x 6' engine lathe. 

Whitcomb and Blaisdell 13' r x5' engine lathe. 

Seneca Falls 11" x 5' star lathe. 

Reed 11" x 5' speed lathe. 

Prentice 20" drill. 

Diamond 20"x2%" water tool grinder. 

Builders' Iron Foundry 12" x 2" emery grinder. 

Morse No. 1 plain grinder. 

Perkins 8" x 20" mitre trimmer. 

Potter & Johnston 15" Universal shaping machine. 

Cincinnati 16" shaper. 

Brown & Sharpe No. 2 Universal milling machine. 

AY. & B. Douglas grindstone. 

Star power hack saw. 

Beach scroll saw. 

gas forge. 

Morse cutter and twist drill grinder. 

Eagle anvil, 100 pounds. 

Peerless portable electric hand drill. 

Peerless portable electric tool post grinder. 

Machinists 5 work bench equipped with vises. 

Tool cabinet containing small tools. 

Jackson belt lacer. 

CHEMISTRY AND DYEING DEPARTMENT. 

This department occupies about 12,000 square feet, 
situated on the first and basement floors of the recitation 
building. This space is divided into five laboratories, a 
reading room and office for the principal of the depart- 
ment, and store room. The general chemistry and dyeing 
laboratory is a large well lighted room 63' 6" x 20' on the 
lirst floor, and is especially designed to meet the needs 
ol' the students in the general courses. This laboratory 
is equipped with forty-two double desks in rows of three 



89 



desks each. At the end of each row is situated the sink 
and dye bath. Along the wall, on the opposite end, are 
the hoods. For the students taking the special course in 
chemistry, two special laboratories are provided. These 
two laboratories occupy a space 40' x 17', the main part 
of which is devoted to the chemical laboratory. On the 
northern exposure is a small laboratory for photometric, 
microscopic and gravimetric work. In the main special 
laboratory, each student has desk space 2' x 8' and his 
own desk, dye bath and draught hood. Conveniently 
located is a large drying oven, four ten-gallon dye kettles, 
and one twenty-gallon dye kettle. This laboratory is 
equipped at each desk with gas, water, steam, blast, and 
suction in order that the students ' work may be carried 
on with the utmost celerity conducive to the best results. 

The following pieces of special apparatus are at the 
disposal of the student* as his work may require : 

4 Gas heated dye kettles, ten gallons capacity. 

1 Gas heated dye kettle, twenty gallons capacity. 

1 Wooden dye beck, twenty gallons capacity, 
steam heated. 

1 Wooden dye kettle, twelve gallons capacity, 
steam heated. 

1 Steaming chest. 

1 Experimental Printing Machine. 

1 Hydro extractor. 

1 Copper color kettle. 

6 Twenty-eight hole experimental dye baths. 
14 Twelve hole experimental dye baths. 

1 Autoclave. 

1 Oil tester. 

1 Orsat gas apparatus. 

1 Hempel gas apparatus (complete set). 

1 Westphal balance. 

3 Analytical balances. 

1 Munsell photometer. 

1 Emerson calorimeter. 



90 



1 Spectroscope. 

:; Microscopes. 

3 I drying ovens. 

1 Motor. 

1 Power air blast. 

1 Water heater. 

1 .Jewell water still. 

2 Combustion furnaces. 

KNITTING DEPARTMENT. 

The knitting department occupies two large connect- 
ing rooms on the top floor of the machinery building and 
contains about 6,600 square feet of floor area. The equip- 
ment is very complete, there being a greater number 
of machines and a larger variety than can be found in 
any similar school in the world. The work that has been 
produced by the students of this department has re- 
ceived high praise from some of the leading experts in 
the knitting trade, the hosiery and underwear taking 
especially high rank. 

The list of machines in this department is as folio ws : 

1 Excelsior cloth dryer. 

1 Ballard electric cloth cutter. 

1 Beattie 16 point two thread looper. 

1 Beattie 22 point two thread looper. 

1 Koehler 20 point looper. 

1 Brinton 4" 84 and 160 needle rib top machine. 

1 Brinton 3%" 108 and 188 needle rib leg machine. 

1 Brinton 4" % automatic hosiery machine. 

1 Brinton 16" automatic body machine. 

1 Brinton 4y 2 " 320 needle welter and automatic knee 
and ankle splicing rib leg machine, with Wild- 
man stop-motion. 

1 Brinton 3y 2 " 160 needle full automatic footer. 

1 Crane 36 guage spring needle machine. 

1 Crane 15" spring needle rib body machine. 

1 Crane 19" body machine. 



91 



1 Crawford 12 end stop-motion. 

1 Hemphill 3%" 200 needle automatic hosiery 
machine. 

1 Hemphill Mfg. Co. 3%* 188 needle full automatic 

hosiery machine. 

2 Huse winders. 

4 Jenckes full automatic hosiery machines. 

1 Jones hosiery and underwear brusher. 

1 Kennedy automatic band folding and cutting- 
machine. 

1 Lamb sweater machine. 

1 Lamb glove machine. 

1 March & Crawford two end stop-motion. 

1 March & Crawford four end stop-motion. 

1 March & Crawford sixteen end stop-motion. 

1 Mayo 3%" 200 needle full automatic footer with 
high splice and double sole attachment. 

1 Mayo full automatic hosiery machine with yarn 
changer. 

1 Mayo S 1 / 2 // striper. 

2 Mayo Machine & Needle Co.'s full automatic 

hosiery machines. 

1 Merrow, Style 60D, two thread trimming and over- 
seaming machine. 

1 Merrow, Style 60D, three thread trimming and 
over-seaming machine. 

1 Merrow, Style 60H, two thread trimming, over- 
seaming and hemming machine. 

1 Merrow, Style 60ED, three thread overedging ma- 
chine. 

1 Merrow, Style 15A, two thread plain crochet ma- 
chine. 

1 Merrow, Style 35B, shell stitch crochet machine. 

1 Metropolitan Sewing Machine Company's machine 
for sewing -on lace. ;,;.,.,..;• : 

1 Metropolitan/- Style 30 T. ' C'', • toggle 4 rimmer . 

1 Payne- winder. ■ A V ; ; , ,':>,*... 



92 



20 doz. Pearson hosiery boards. 

Hurricane stocking and underwear dryer. 
Scotl & Williams 3%" welter 176 and 200 needle 
ril) top machine. 

Scotl & Williams 3%" striper 176 and 180 needle 
rib top machine. 

S.-ott & Williams 4" 220 needle full automatic half 

hose machine. 
Scott & Williams 414" welter 180 needle rib leg 

machine. 
Scott & Williams 4%" welter 216 needle rib leg 

machine. 
Scott & Williams ^/x' welter 276 needle rib leg 

machine. 
Scott & AVilliams 4 1 ,i" welter 300 needle rib leg 

machine, with Crawford stop-motion. 
Scott & Williams 3%" two feed sleever 220 needle 

machine, with Crawford stop-motion. 
Scott & Williams 4%" two feed sleever 264 needle 

machine. 
Scott & Williams 10" four feed automatic body 

machine. 8 x 10 cut. 
Scott & Williams 13" eight feed automatic body 

machine, .10 cut. 
Scott & Williams 20" Swiss rib machine, cut 12 to 

inch, with Crawford stop-motion. 
Scott & W T illiams 20" balbriggan machine, cut 16 

to inch. 
Scott & AVilliams 20" rib border machine, cut 14 

to inch. 
Scotl & AVilliams 3V 2 " 160 needle ~/ s automatic 

footer. 
Scott & AVilliams bar stitch machine. 
Scott & AVilliams chain machine. 
Scott & AA T illiams 12 point looper. 
singer Xo. 44 lock stitch finishing machine. 
singer Xo. 24 chain stitch finishing machine. 



93 



1 Singer twin needle taping machine. 

1 Singer No. 32-29 eyeletting machine. 

1 Singer No. 68-7 button sewer. 

1 Singer No. 79-1 drawer strapper. 

1 Stafford & Holt 14" fancy sweater machine. 

1 Standard Sewing Machine Co.'s button hole ma- 

chine. 
1 Tompkins knitting table, 22 and 36 gauge. 
1 Union Special Machine Co. flat bed twin needle 

machine. 
1 Union Special Machine Co. collarette machine. 
1 Union Special Machine Co. button facing machine. 
1 Union Special Machine Co. seaming machine with 

Dewees trimmer. 

1 Union Special Machine Co. toggle grinder. 

2 Union Special Machine Co. twin needle covering 

machines. 

1 Union Special Machine Co. drawer finishing ma- 
chine. 

1 Union Special Machine Co. hemming and seaming 
machine. 

1 United Shoe Machinery Co. eyeletting machine. 

1 Wildman 3%" two feed striper and fancy pattern 
machine. 

1 Wildman 3%" ribber with selvage welt and striper. 

1 "Wildman 3%" selvage welt machine. 

1 Wildman 13" automatic 8 and 12 cut body ma- 
chine. 

1 Wildman 4 1 / 4" sleever. 

1 Wildman 18" Swiss rib machine. 

1 Wildman 4%", 216 needle rib leg machine. 

1 Wildman 4%", 272 needle rib leg machine with lace 
attachment. (Wildman machines equipped with 
Wildman stop-motions.) 

3 Crawford stop-motions. 



94 



POWER, HEAT AND LIGHT PLANT. 

1 Stirling L05 horse power water tubular boiler. 

1 B. & W. 155 horse power water tubular boiler. 

1 Foster shaking grate. 

1 Dillon shaking grate. 

1 Deane 4%" x 2%" x 4" duplex double outside 
packed plunger steam pump, connected to a re- 
ceiver tank. 
1 Deane 4%"x 3"x 5" single steam pump. 

1 National 100 horse power feed water heater. 

1 At wood and Morrill damper regulator. 

1 Sturtevant 75 horse power horizontal center crank 
engine. 

1 American Ball 160 horse power engine. 

1 Westinghouse 50 KW. 220 volt, 3 phase, alternat- 
ing current generator, direct connected. 

1 Westinghouse 4 KW, 125 volt, direct current gen- 
erator. 

1 G. E. 100 KW, 220 volt, 3 phase, alternating cur- 
rent generator, direct connected. 

1 G. E. 9% KW, 125 volt, direct current generator. 

1 W. S. Hill four pane] switchboard equipped with 

9 Wagner indicating ammeters, 2 Wagner indi- 
cating voltmeters, 1 Thomson 50 KW three phase 
integrating Wattmeter, 2 direct reading KW 
meters, 14 Wagner current transformers, 1 West- 
inghouse combination rheostat, 1 G. E. combina- 
tion rheostat, 2 Condit Electrical Mfg. Co.'s 250 
V circuit breakers, all necessary switches, bus 
barsj etc. 

2 Turbine fans. 

1 Cockrane oil separator. 

2 Steam separators, 1 reducing valve, 1 back pressure 

valve, 1 oil filter, 1 blow-off tank 

2 Anderson No. 3 high pressure steam traps.. 
5 Xason low pressure steam traps. ' '' 

3 Sterling low pressure steanrtraps. ". """ " ~" 



95 



1 Reliable electric vacuum pump. 

1 Ash elevator. 

1 Sturtevant heating and ventilating outfit. 

1 American moistening outfit. 

9 General Electric induction motors, equipped with 
oil starting switches. 

2 Westinghouse motors. 



96 



GRADUATES, 1912. 



DAY DIPLOMA COURSES. 

General Cotton Manufacturing: 

Edward E. Judge, Chen Ting-fang. 

Chemistry and Dyeing: 

Frank E. Hinckley. 

Latch Needle Underwear Knitting: 

Francis J. Fagan. 

Seamless Hosiery Knitting: 

Morton T. French, Luis C. Visbal. 

Designing : 

Ernest A. Scholze. 

DAY CERTIFICATE COURSES. 

Carding and Spinning and Chemistry: 

Justo D. de la Espriella. 

POST GRADUATE COURSE. 
Carding and Spinning: 

Thomas B. O'Brien. 

EVENING CLASSES — DIPLOMA COURSE. 
Chemistry and Dyeing: 

Hughes L. Siever. 

EVENING CLASSES — CERTIFICATE COURSES. 

Benjamin Addy, Robert O. BonDurant, 

Frank S. Akin, Joseph Booth, 

John W. Allen, Marshall E. Briggs, 

Ward S. Allen Frank Buckley, 

Herbert Anderson, Donald Brightman, 

Alfred O. Arvisais, Nathaniel Burt, 

Ralph L. Bailey, Joseph S. Cabral, 

John W. Baldwin, Alfred Carter, 

Albert Barber, William J. Carter, 

Harry Barker, j h n H. Clarke . 

Elliott H. Barnwell, Richard Cocking, 

James Bolton, John H. Counsell, 

Wright Bolton, Jr. John M. Cowan, 

William Bombard, John C. Dantsizen, 



97 



Henry Davis. 
Moses Dewhurst, 
Milton Duxbury. 
Thomas F. Eccleston, 
William Edmundson, 
George H. Edwards, 
Thomas Egan, 
James A. Fanning, Jr. 
Samuel Fine, 
Albert Forrest, 
Manuel C. Frias, 
James Galloway, 
William H. Gamble, 
Hervy Geary, 
Dana H. Gillingham, 
Joseph Goulding, 
James Griffin, 
John Hagan, 
Robert H. Hamilton, 
Harold Hamlet, 
Walter Hampson, 
William H. Harrop, 
Samuel Harwood, 
William E. Heaton, 
Frederick Higgins, 
George Higginson, 
Anton Hirschlag, 
Alexander Holden, 
Frank Holden, 
George Hussey, 
John Houghton, 
Jeremiah Irvin, 
Samuel Jackson, 
William J. Jackson, 
Elmer H. Jamieson, 
Lawrence M. Jamieson, 
Frank Jepson, 
William Kenworthy, 
Walter Key, 
John Krauss, 
Adelard J. LaChapelle, 
Joseph E. Leake, 
Joseph Lord, 
David J. Macfarlane, 
John McClement, 



George T. McDonough, 
Manuel Medeiros, 
Thomas McNair, 
John A. Mellor, 
William Mitchell, 
Luke Murphy, 
Norbet Nemec, 
Yarry Nosek, 
Arthur Owen, 
John M. Palmer, 
Herbert Parker, 
William E. Parker, 
Daniel Pearson, 
John Pearson, 
Edward T. Pierce, 
Guy J. Porter, 
George Powell, 
George A. Ramsden, 
Charles P. Rose, 
Albert Rushworth, 
Albert Salter, 
Walter H. Seddon, 
Robert Sibor, 
Jose G. da Silveira, 
Peter F. Slater, 
William Simmons, 
Harold D. Slocum, 
Antone B. Souza, 
James A. Sullivan, 
James Sutter, 
Thomas Talbot, 
Walter Thomas, 
Walter Thornly, 
Wilbraham Thornley, 
William Trimble, 
William H. Vaughan, 
Walter Walsh, 
Frederic D. Walton, 
Francis Warrington, 
David Watson, 
John L. Whitehead, 
Albert Whiteley, 
John Withmell, 
Charles T. Wood, 
Schofield Wood, 



98 



m 

w 

< 
P 

p* 

>< 

<j 
n 

En 

o 

H 
H 
02 
t— i 



si 
o 

Q 





fl 




o 




DO 




M 




o> 





Sh 


£ 





93 


u 


- 


CD 


= 


~ 


V 


3 



C CD 



— 

d 



X 
- 
Eh 

Si 

O 
tw 
73 

CD 

PQ 

-t-> Si 

o 
fi =3 

<U Si 

S 2 "3 

+j «w -r; 
cq -^ 02 

rd 

o 



o 



d 53 



bfl 

d 

Si 

o3 
U 



bo 
d 

> 

CD 



T3 
Si 

o 
o 

CD 

Si 

o 



d 

o3 
b.0 

d 

Si 

OS 

O 



-d 

CD 
CD 



85 

& ^ 

3 — i 
Cv O 

O co 

o 



® s 



CD 
d 'd 

*05 «2 

CD 



o 
o 


<U be 
QQ d. 


bo 

d 


tH 

© 


eg 
on 


OS 


fa "2 


C5 


- 


tH 


s 2 


'3 


iH 


S 




o pi 


pj 









o -a 


a 




O 




02 


02 







bO 

d 

• i—i 

1) 



05 
05 

CD 

bo 

Si 

d 

PQ 



d 

CD 

CD Ctf 

d 



a .h +j 



CD 

d d 

02 -t- 3 
~05 P-i 

05 
<1 



■a 

Si 
CD 

d 

CD 




a 

Si 

o 

O 



CD 

d 
ppi 



d > 

CD ^ 



d 
d 

CD 



_ ft tf 

5 d 

£ 02 



as d 
d * 



a? 

o 



-d 

Si 

O 

«W 
-d 

CD 

CQ 

CD 

.£ o ^ 

CQ " <D 

,0 M d 
iOi2 

£ Z pm 



d 

d 
d 

•i— i 

a 

02 

-d 

d 

bo • -J 

d "3 rt g 

« "3 3 » 

Si CD Si C 

cj a ^ © 
U cc Pk O 



CD 

* 1 

IK 

fc d 
O 

a 

a 

e3 

CD 
X3 
o3 



O 

.d 
o 



Si 

d 

CD 



O 

O 



3 

8 s 

a m 

73 
^ Si 

H 

CO 

CD 

i— i 
Si 

d 

rd 

Q 



d 
o 

CQ 

d 

3 
o 



o 
Pi 

Si 

d 

Si 



'd ^ 

O CD 

•T3 CD 

*l 

d a 

S d 

o ^ 

-d 3 

Eh h, 

«3 05 

c3 ci 

B B 

o o 

a -d 



05 

4-5 

Ul 



T3 

O 
O 



b0 

d 

'd ^ ^5 

.n CD 

« a 



p3 

Ph 



2 & 
Pd O 



d 


CD 


a> 


05 


p— i 
<1 


o3 
CD 




CD 


d 
o 


Q 


05 


* 






CD 




fc 





99 



> 

o 

S-H 

Pm 



° S 

02 s 

>. 02 

S .S HH 



P 

© 
P 



02 

H 



5h 

a? erf 

a 

o 

*c? 'd 
CD 



O 



ft 
ft 
d 
m 

02 

o 
d 



02 E 
o 

S "d 

a pq 



d 

O 

£ * I 



c<3 

bJQ 
08 

o 

l-H 

d o 

n .a 

X 



o3 
U 

o 
d 



tf 02 £ tf 



a ,d -n 



bo 02 

a 3 

d m 

■a d 

ft o3 

02 t> 

H 

CD 

i—i ~ 

d d 

g o 

d ?-, 

d o3 

03 ft 
CD 



02 xj 

5 s 



d 

. o3 

T3 CD 

P b 

„ PQ 



c<3 

CD ^ 

02 d 
?i d 

> 
O 



o3 

> 




H 


0) 


^ 


d 


6 
o 


d 


bi 


u 

CD 








d 


d 


ct3 


o 


3 


+j 




o 


+j 


Q 


"02 



T3 

d 

d 02 

H ,5 



CD 



X/l 

< 



d 
o 

03 

.«M ° 

o PQ 









O 




CM 










o 




g 










(D 














O 




,d 










d 




-t-3 










o3 




d 






o 








o 

a 


02* 


p 



•H 


02 


d 


02 

d 




02 
P3 


d~ 
o 


Z 


H- 1 

CD 






S 


£ 




6 

u 

o 
x* 

w 

CD 


«M 






d 


ft 

u 
u 

O 


•r-< 

Q 

CD 

■+-> 


3 

d 

02 


TO 
> 


bO 

d 

'd 

c3 


o 

CD 




d 


d 


bJO 


TJ 


o 






^ 


£ 


< 


d 

o 








£ 


f^ 


l-H 


d 


CD 


^ 




d 


<v 


03 


d 


<x> 


^ 




o 


B 


02 


■r- ( 


02 


6 




Jh 


d 


P4 


CD 


o 




o 


o3 


02 




> 






O 


fc 


O 




O 





•d 
d 

c3 



O 



0) 


bfl 


0} 


d 

•r-H 

d 


O 


d 


Q 






'ft 




02 



d 
d 

03 H 
"h .^ 
0) ^ 

d ^ 

CD o3 



W) 

d 

•i-H 

d 

;-. 
d3 

a 



CD 

d 



ho 

d 



S d a* ^ 

? .H Jh ^ 

% ft <*D ^ 



o3 
02 

a 

02 



bX) 

d 

d 
d 

ft 

02 

d 
d 

03 

bo 

d 

d 

o3 
O 



CO 

o 



02 
02 

3 
o 



o3 .Pj o3 



CD 



, d 

o ^ o 



o3 

02 

d 

02 

o 



r ^ 
02" 02 

f-1 r— I 

d 03 

O rd 

o 



02 
d 



<1 S 



02 
02 

£2 

?-( 
O 

02 
ft 

a H 

>5 02 

02 -i-' 

^J 02 

02 02 



d 
o 
02 
d 

• l-H 

o 



d 



o 

02 

& d 

ft d 

02 ^ 

02 ^ 

s ° 

f~5 j_3 



02 



d 

o 

£2 
02 

o 



d 
£J 
o 

1-5 



w 

d 

o3 

d 

5 



a 

•r-a 

d 

CD 

PQ 



o3 

02 

£! 
+j 
02 

PQ 

l>» 
o3 



a * 

d 



d 
d 



•2 S S 

^ a s 

o fl aj 

V. 02 ►T 

< PQ ^ 



d 
o 
o 



02 

o 
d 
o 
02 

H 



100 



bOD co co 



co 
O 

ft 

co 
O 



+3 

OS 

ft 

3 

u 
u 

O 



Si 





o 

CD £h 

Si 

o3 ™ 

Si CO 

-t-J S"l 

J CO 

d 



0) 

Si 

o 
CD 
03 



CD bO 

pq d 



DC 



d t3 

bJ O 

® s 

" d 
Ph-£ 



CD 

U 



o 
O 

bi) 



o> 
co 

o M 

g pej 

CO 

« d 
be co 

,r " ' Si 

CO +2 

o> 

n 



d 
o 

co d" 

M o 



a) 

— 



w 



bD 



be 

d 



8 s 

S .5 
O d 

£ d • 

Si - 5- CO 

S ft « ^ m 

CO ~ CD . rn 

si O si +j ™ 
o O ft ^ 
l> o 3 

O £ 02 



'2 
d 

o> 

d 



"" .ffi 



O CO 

d O 
co K O 

— < CD 

<1 



CD 

d 



H 



° d 

CD d 



Si 
bJD M 

^ d 



i=i . 

Pm d 

_. CO 

o 

Si 

o 
O 



r-l CO 

d co 

CO d 

Ph § 

bo aT 

d W) 



s 



^ £ ji 

CO H <! 
CO 

<1 



Si 
Si 

o 



Si 

CD 

Si O 
CD o 

> 

o 



CD 

Si 

d 

r— i 

d 
o 

■fi o 

bO 

^ Q 

- d 

'So *? 
o ri 

f £ 

CD ^ 

EH . 

CO 

C Si 

o d 



CO 
Si 

o 



rl CO 

.5 m 

j_> o3 



J> CD 

O >> 

^ CO 

pi rt 

CO -u 

CD ►> 

fa 





pq 



o 
O 



CD 

Si 

E 



d 
o 

CO 

o 

CO 

>-3 



cc 



d 

Si 

o 

CD 
O 

55 



^ CD 

O cfi 

^ 

Q 











bO 




bb 


bO 


bO 




bo 


bO 


bO 










d 




d 


d 


d 




d 


d 


d 




































d 




d 


d 


d 




d 


d 


d 










d 




d 


d 


d 




d 


d 


d 




































ft 




ft 


o 


a 




ft 


ft 


ft 










02 




w. 


W 


Xfl 




02 


CO 


02 










d 




d 


d 


d 




d 


'd 


'd 










d 




n 


d 


d 




d 


d 


d 




bib 






CO 


. 


CO 


cd 


CO 




o3 


CO 


co 




.s - 


i— ( 


bi 

d 


bO 


bO 

d 


bO 


bo 


bo 


i—i 


bO 


bO 


bo 


CO 


el g 


oJ 


d 


d 


d 


d 


CO 


d 


d 


d 




.bo § 


Si 


£> 




-_■ 








Si 








-M 


CD 


CO 


d 


+j 


d 


d 


d 


CD 


d 


-d 


d 


Si 


co d 


d 


CD 


Si 


>|M i 


Si 


p_i 


Si 


d 


Si 


f_i 


Si 


CO 


CD CD 


CD 


^ 


CO 


d 


CO 


CO 


o3 


CD 


o3 


CO 


o3 


On 


Q O 


O 


O 


M 


O 


O 


o o 


O 


O 


O 



d 






o 






Si 






d 






CD — 


>, 




S u 

k 88 el 


Si 
CD 


si 

1-3 


^ P 


A 


., 




O 


Pi 


5 


Q 


o 


pq 




^ 


CD 


Ph* 





d 


d 

Si 


0) 


o 


CO 


rl 


Si 

O 


d 




% 


H 


pq 



Si 

d 

CD 

i-i 

fa 
CO 



d 




J 


o 


•> 




O 


d 

CO 


CO 

d 




CD 


Si 


d 


M 


d 
pq 


(— [ 


d 




a 


o 


£ d 


CD 


-i-j 


o ° 


CO 

o 

1— J 


CO 

Ph 


1" 

el d 


>> 


CD 
bO 


M « 


Si 

d 

CD 

W 


Si 

O 
CD 

o 


Chu 
John 



CD 

!> 

•r— | 

Pd 



o 

d 

Si 
CO 
CJ 

•rH 
P^ 



Si 






bO 




CD 

CJ 

d 

CD 

a 


Si^ 

o 


Si 
Si 
CD 


d 

d 
o 




02 


o3 


en 


CO 




d 


a 


Si 


CD 


of 


o 
d 


o si 


CD 
Si 


a 

o3 


Si 
co 


< 


d o 


CO 


,a 


W >l 


pq 


^ 


^ 


d 


M a 

CD t -1 

"S ^ 

CO CD 


-d 

Si 

o 


CD 

'd 


CD 

•d 


1 


d Si 


^H 


Si 


d 


O fc 


O 


fa 


<^ 



101 



d 
© 

•H 

cS 

ft 
S3 
cd 

o 



a >-H 



02 d 



Ph 
02 

CD 03 

s a 

m 

-u O 

CO ^ 

d 



£ 


£ 


+J 


CD 


CD 


CD 


fc 


£ 




02 


1— 1 





i— i 

•r-l 


S 

CD 


Ph 


a 


d 


* 


o 

•+-» 


■d 

to 


o 

o 


o 


d 




O 




be 



d "T 

O o3 • 

S=J -d ^ 

PQ S £ 



PQ 02 bB 02 ^ 

M d m «■> 

^ 3 s 3 a 

- b 'a 

•s CO - S_i 

r. ft ?_ ?h o 

• o d o Jh o j 

. £ ^ CD g ® +i 



o 
Q 

be 



O 02 



> 

o 



TO 






> 
d 

CD 

O 



CD 
CD 

Ph 
CD 

•i—i 

Ph 



^ o 

•I— I 

o3 p 

CD 

43 02 

TO ^1 

P 3 

- O 

d ^> 
IB 5 

02 



o 

•PH 

S3 
a 
cd 

o 



be 



CD 

d 

• l-H 

ca 

Ph 
Ph 

o 

be 
d 



2 tf 



d 

Ph 

o 

d" 
d 

o3 

d 
d 
o 
o 

to 






CD 
ft 



03 . 

d 
- d 

02 O 

So 

^ of 

d 

® o 

02 



d 
02 



o 

C5 



CD 
92 

S3 
O 

O 



Ph 
















o3 
















CD 
















£ 
















Ph 
















CD 
















d 
















d 
















P 
















CD 
















i— i 
















d 
















<D . 
















CD he 








• 








5? .3 








d 








4-3 




r—H 


1-H 




r-H 


l-H 


i — i 


+J 


a3 


o3 


c3 


d 

*02 


o5 


03 


03 


-d '3 


CD 

d 


CD 

d 


CD 

■d 


?-i 
CD 

d 


CD 

d 


5h 

CD 

d 


03 


CD 


CD 


CD 


CD 


CD 


CD 


CD 


J 


o 


o 


a 


Q 


O 


O 


d? 



CO 

o 

C5 







u 










a 










CD 










^ 








. 


fH 




. 


CD 


to 


CD 




bO 




d 


»d 
d 




d 


d 




d 

d 


P 




d 
d 


o 


a 






a 




TO. 


CD 

i— i 




TO. 




rd 


CD 




■d 




d 


CD 


bi 


d 




03 


% 


d. 
•i— < 


03 




bX) 




+-> 


be 




d 




•i—i 


d 




•1— ( 


A 


d 


• l-H 




'd 


o 


d 




5-i- 


•+j 


^ 




03 


o3 




o3 




o 


J 




O 



CD 
= 





CD 

> 
O 




d" 
o 

02 


■ — i 


1-3 


cd" 

CD 


B 


d 


^ 


S-i 


O 


^ 


£2 




CD 


?-H 


o 


o 


02 


Ph 


*d 


o3 


CD 
ft 


O 


03 

CD 
t— t 

bo 


•— i 

• l-H 


« CD 

ft ,d 


PP 


o 

o3 

f-H 


O 
O 

O 


d 

I-H 

CD 

cd 


CD 
O 


ft +J 

• i-H -rH 


d 

CD 
U 

o 


o3 

b 


^ 


d 

•l-H 


o 

PP 

a 

o3 

• l-H 
1— H 

• I— 1 


•i-H 
+J 

d 

CD 
Ph 


w 9 

-d o 


-d 

CD 


02 
CD 

a 


1-3 

d 


CD 

d 
d 


Ph 

02 

•i— i 


cS ° 

^d X 
•^ CD 


fa 


o3 

1-3 


o 

1-3 


TO 


£ 


H-5 

o 


1—1 i 





Ph 


d 






03 


o3 




CD 


§ 


a 




CD 


CD 




c8 


CD 


CD 


* 


^ 


U 
fe 


Ph 

1-3 




£ 


CD 


~ 




o 


• i-H 






+J 


02 


03 




TO 


CD 


W 




d 
p.. 


J 


d 




o3 
o 


Ph 
CD 

a 


o 

l-H 

o3 




• l-H 

Ph 


i—i 


^ 



102 







o 

CO 










CO 

CO 

CD 
O 




o 
O 










o 

d 

H-> 




d" 

rH 
O 

«4-H 


d 

rH 
O 
«t-H 


i 
+j 

•rH 

d 

rQ 

a 




CO 








CO 

CO 

o3 


d 

H 

eg 










O 

r-t 

PL| 

Pi 




°3 

d 

03 










o 
d 
o 




d 

CD 

PQ 


d 

CD 

pq 




O 

rH 

pq 






— 1 

— 

= 

w 
w 




d 

"o> 
bo 

rt 

'C 

a 
co 


CO 
03 

o 

d 
p 

CD 

pq 






s 
o 

■PH 

o 


a 

o 
o 

CD 
t> 
o3 
CD 


• rH 
r— * 

r« 

d 

rH 

fa 

d~ 

o3 

a 

CO 

CD 


© 
d 

CD 


a 

• rH 
rd 

a 

d" 

o3 


CO 

CO 

cd 








cd" 

CO 

d 
o 

K 

CD 
>> 

Q 
d 


CO 

co 
o3 

3 

cd" 
o 

d 

CD 
rH 

o 

E 


CD 

55 

r— i 
r— ( 

CD 
i— < 

d 
o 

CO 


P5 
CD 

r— ( 
• rH 

CD 

d 

o 


o3 

a 

u 

CD 

X 

'r-l 
fa 

CD 

d 

rd 

o 


i — i 

Ph. 

+J 

CD 

r^ 

o 

d 

-t-3 

o3 

Oh 


bJD 
d 

03 

CO 

H 

r-T 

CD 
CD 

d 

'bO 

d 


o3 

d 

•rH 

d 
o 
+j 

d 

o3 

o 


CO 

CO 

o3 

4J 
CD 
CO 

O 

a 
d 

H-J 




-t-j 

co 

g 

OS 


CD 

CD 

rd 


6 
o 

rd 






d 
d 

oJ 

X 


co 

d 
d 


> 

O 

'rH 

Ph 


a 

CO 
CD 

CO 


d* 
o 
+j 

co 

O 

pq 


d 

rH 
O 


d 

rH 
O 
£> 

CD 

rH 


d 

o 

CJ 

CD 

rH 


d 

03 

ffl 

d 


d 

o 

r^ 


H-J 

a 
d 

CO 


CO 

f-T 

CO 51 CO 
CO d CO 


o3 

bo 
d 


d 
O 

bfl 


CD 


o3 

CD 




rd 


bJD 
3 






d 


rH 

CD 


6 
o 


d 

r- 


CD 

rH 


d 
o 
o 


• rH 

CO 


CO 


o3 bfl o3 

H -H H 


-t-3 

d 


d 


o 
o 

CO 


6 
u 


a 

rH 




00 


• rH 








2 


>> 




03 




O 


O 


O 


CD 




CO 


CD 




CO 




03 




DO 


£ 








H 


Q 




^ 




£ 


£ 


£ 


CO 




^ 





W 




<^ 




fa 




bX) 














































d 














































• rH 














































+J 














































+J 














































• i-H 














































d 


































rH 












W 


































CD 












o3 












































© 


0) 






t- 


CD 




bo 




bo 










bfi 








CD 










Cfl 


£ 






O 


CO 




d 




d 










d 








d 










1* 


rH 






a 


r* 




•rH 




• rH 










• rH 








d 

t3 










= 




CD 

-d 






tH 









CD 

>> 




d 
d 











>> 
















r J 


d 
P 

i— < 
'd 
<d 
cd 








Q 




A 

•d 
d 

03 

>> 

rH 




co 

d 
d 

03 










Q 

'd 
d 

o3 

>> 

rH 






bo 

d 


CD 

r— I 

d 

CD 
CD 


bo 

d 










£ 


r— H 








r— 1 


-U 




bo 




r— I 


F— < 


r— 1 


+-> 




l-H 




4-3 


l-H 




1—3 




o3 








o3 


CO 




d 




03 


o3 


o3 


CO 




o3 


d 




+-= 


o3 




03 




rd 
o 


r- 

CD 








D 


a 




d 




rH 

CD 


rH 
CD 


rH 



a 




rH 

CD 


rd 

o 


d 


rH 
CD 




rH 
CD 




-u 


d 








d 


CD 




?h 




d 


d 


d 


CD 




d 


'm 


M 


d 




d 




as 


CD 








CD 


rd 




a 




CD 


CD 


CD 


^rH 




CD 


CD 


o3 




CD 




CD 




J O 








C3 


O 




o 




O O 


O 


O 




O 


P 


J 




O 




O 



R 
S3 
ft 





d 




o 




CO 




s 




o3 








i— i 




. 1 








> 




P» 


^ 


d 


~^ 


c 


CD 


cc 


g 


s 


o 


r- 




CO 


t-i 


o3 


d 


a 


d 


o 





d 



CD 



}Z5 



fj E-i 



^ 




CD 




d 


o 




CD 




CD 


d 




J 




M 


CD d 


d" 

o 


CO 

d 






Q 03 


CO 






^ rH 


r« 


m 




rH 


d O 


o 


d 




CD 


rH 


o3 


bo 




'd 


o >, 


i-s 


d 




. d 


^ rH 

d d 


CD 


< 




d 03 


o3 cd 


d 




bO 

d 


1 CD 


co w 


CD 
bfi 


a 


d ^ 


d 


d 


oS 


d 


•r—l 


O rd 


H 


l-H 

•rH 


>4 


H d 


35 


CO 


r* 


3 


o o 



o 
03 



CD 

rH 

d 

d 



rH 



o 
o 
o3 

rH 
CD 

d 

o3 

rH 
fa 



rH 
CD 

!>, 
03 

rd 

H 

CO 

CD 

d 

03 



bo 

d 

o3 

CO 

EH 

d 
d 

CO 



03 

rH 
CD 



o 

CD 

d 

CD 

rH 
fa 



103 



a 
o 

- 
s 

O 



TO 
03 

p 

Sh 

m 

a 

o 



p 

-t-> 
to 

°03 

< 



CD 

P 

•l-H 

d 

P 



a 

p 

o3 



CD O 

Sh 

^ be 

«tH 

o3 

U CD 

'p £< 

'd rtf 

CD « 






a ^ 

Sh —I 

03 rP 

O Ph 



■a* 

S rH 

o3 P 

•S cq 

w 

V rP 



Ph 

cd~ 
o 

a 

CD 
d 

■rH 
r> 

o 

Sh 



PI 

eg 

bJO 

CD 

Sh 

c3 



O 

O 

p 

o3 

bJO 
CD 
Sh 
Pi 
o3 



T3 « 

Sh Sh 

O CD fl 

« Pi S 

02 O 

O CD 

£ Q 



o 

•H 
+S 

eg 

s 
o 



o 
O 

PI 
Sh 
o3 

Sh 
CD 

CD 

Q 



bJ3 " 
d 

U # 

o 

Sh 

CD h-> 

CD > 

?_, 03 

? Ph 

o 



3 £ 

kH 03 

^ Ph 



o 
o 

P3 



+j CO 

Pi CO 

03 

Pi ^ 

CD 

P £ 

5 P3 



+j CD 

m 



o 



bfi 



T3 

Sh 

O 

o 

CD 

o 

J? 



o 

o 



bJO 
P 

.— i 

CD 
P3 



CD 

O 
>y co 



* CD 

p| X 

03 O 

a £ 

CO O 

.2 ffi 

o3 
XJ1 



d CD 

Pm £ 



CD 
CD 
CO 
Sh 
CD 

O 

d 
P 

03 

Sh 
CD 
P 
bJD 



CO 



CD 

B 
rP 

03 

P 



o 

, o 

8 « 

« p 

. Sh 

-U CD 

CO -^ 
03 



d 

O 

en 





bx 






















bi) 




P 

•r-H 






















p 


cu 

OS 


-t-s 

P 








00 

o 


o 

CA 




bi 








+-5 
H-5 

•rH 

P 


!h 


W 








CD 


p* 




.a 








M 


S 










T-\ 







p 











>> 










o 




p 
•i— i 








>> 


O 


Sh 










© 










Sh 




CD 














a 








CD 




*CQ 














m 








•i— i 
03 




O 

a 






bfl 








T3 

p 

03 








O 

„ be 




Tfl 
01 


i— i 


r-H 


P 






1—1 


bfl 




r-H 








CD 

r-H 

a 


o3 

Sh 
CD 


o3 

Sh 
CD 


P 
•p? 






o3 

Sh 

CD 


P 
^d 


03 


03 

Sh 
CD 


r-H 


mle 
igni 




o3 


P 


P 


cc 






p 


Sh 


Sh 


P 


Sh 


c3 «2 




CD 


CD 


CD 


CD 






CD 


o3 


o3 


CD 


o3 


£ <D 




m 


O 


o 


Q 






O 


u 


Ph 


o 


Oh 


W P 



03 

Sh 

CD 

CD ^S 

IS 



03 

CD 

a 

o3 



O 
Sh 

d 



u 
o3 

a 

-r-5 



'd 
P 

o 
d 

r-H 

o3 



p 


P 


CD 


CD 


P 


73 


^ 


Jh 

O 


o3 


£ 




03 


be 


be 


p 
o 


Sh 

o 

CD 


^ 


O 






Sh 

1-5 



Pq 

Sh 
CD 
P 

Sh 

03 

o 



H 








o 


„ 


p 


CD 


-*J 




Sh 


bfl 


o 


rP 


Sh 




PP 


P 
o3 


03 

Sh 


bX) 

o3 


o 

a 


O 


p 
o 
d 


rP 

o 

rP 


CD 

■d 

p 
< 


"el 


P 

CD 
> 

P 


o 


o 


CD 






m 


O 


tH 




> 


'rH 


a 


P 
o 

1-3 


• rH 

o 


r> 
Sh 


P 

rP 

o 

1-5 


CD 
-u 

03 

CD 

P 



104 



03 

- 



fi O 

2 o 

I g 

. 



d 

d 

og Ph 



Q 



ft tf 

d 
02 



-a 


C 




-i-j 


5 


I 




o3 


(33 


UJ 



- 
d 
o3 



02 -J-5 

CO 



w 

-a 

d 

o3 

5 



W T-l 



a id 

r ■+-> 

8 ^ 

O PQ 



o 

O 




d 

• r-l 

o3 

5-. 
5-. 

. o 

^ X! 
5h r 



<D 



CP 

oa 

„ u 
+J CP 

0) ^2 

* I 

fc g 



cp 5 



bfl ^h" i— I 



o3 

02 



O 
Ph 

s-T 

d 

re 

cp 

Q 



o 



5-< 
'tfl 

o 



„ 0) 

So 

o ffl 

-d 

CP +i 

ffl a 

CO 



o 
O 

.2 

*02 

o 

w 

. s- 
xn cp 
•'-' ■+-> 

h> 02 

P" CP 

O 



d ^ 
* -d 



5h 
o3 
CP 

<P 
T3 

CI 
P 



°S CO 



cd 



£ 



d 
W 

a 

o3 
,d 



^ o. 

o3 o> 
o -r 1 



5h 
o3 
CP 

£ 
5-i 
CP 

•d 

. d 

02 L3 

02 ^ 

03 <p 

s a 

CP 
'd 5h 

CP - Z 

pq £ . 

CD 03 



bo 

d 



d 







^ o 

o 





r-3 ^ 


I— 1 


1— * 


o3 d 


o3 


£ 




S-i 


5-i 


cp ij 

d "3 


CD 

d 


o3 


CP d 


a> 


Ph 


C3 W 


O 



d 

d 
d 

•i— i 

a 

CO 

d 

o3 

d 
TJ 

5-i 

03 
O 



bo 

d 

d 

CP 

Q 



d 
d 

0) 

Q 



d 



d 



o 



d 



d 

5h 
CD 

'55 
o 

E 



02 


w 


m 


zn 


CD 


CD 


^^ 




a 


a 


o3 


- 


CD 


CD 


CO 


CO 



d be 

M d • 

^ g a 

c3 .5 £ 

CD p^ -4J 

pS CO 'S 

'd d . 

03 >^ 

d cc 

'r^ ° 



d 
P 

CD 



x 



<D TO 

►-in ^ 

Z ^ 02 

■Sas 

-^ 03 o3 

03 CD 

J CO 



d 

Sh 

03 
CD 

^ 
5-i 
CD 

d 
P 



-d 

CD 
CD 

,d 
o 
+j 
03 



bX) 

d 

d 

d 
•i— i 

CO 

-d 

d 

03 
bfi 

d 

'd 

- 

o3 
O 

O 

02 





o3 






9 


a 






— 


5h 




CD~ 


— 


CD 




■d 


a! 


xi 






£ 


CO 
5h 


- 


•i— i 




CD 


r- 1 

zn 


5h 




d 

5-i 


H 


CD 




03 


CD 


r— 1 

03 




5 


CD 


^ 




4-J 








02 


CD 


d 




d 

5h 


CD 


,d 
o 




H 


O 


H-3 



I m a 

^ d 02 



o 

O 

-d 

<D 

5-i 



o3 
03 



CD 
02 

o3 

,d 

o 



CD 

d 



O 
P> 
CD 

Q 

CD 

TO. 

o3 
Xi 

d 
o 



o 

02 
CD 
5-i 

fa 



CD 

'd 
d 

03 
X 
CD 



CD 

3 

d 
o 

02 

d 
o 

ft 



Ph 



CD 
CD 

CD 
bJD 

5-! 

o 

CD 

o 

- 
CD 
£2 



02 

CD 
i—i 
5-i 
o3 

5 



5-< 
CP 

-d 
>> 
d 

CO 

CD 

d 

CD 
bfi 

d 

5-i 
^3 



105 



d 

sh 
o 
1-1 

d 
CD 

PQ 
a* 

O - 
1 6 

to 

CD 

Sh 

o3 

ft 



w 

o 






CQ r£ 

a3 cq 

s § 

O 
Ph 



a 

o 
o 

Pn 

d 

c3 



^ o ffl 

o _: ^ 

CO Ph CQ~ 

CQ r-H 

03 j d a 

^ rH ^ 



bX] 



03 
O 

Sh 
CD 
•i-l 

Ph 

.2 ° 

3 q 

3 d 
u u 

O O 

•a 
d 

d 

Sh 

•rH 
rd 

H 






o 

02 

o 
PQ 









o 


CC 






u 


CC 


+j 






03 


-u 






§ 


'3 




r^ 


d' 


0< 




4-! 

Ph 


Ph 


o 




E 


o 


£ 


CO 
CO 




T3 
0) 

pq 


d~ 
d 

o3 


o3 

d* 


o3 

• i— 1 

1—1 


CD 


ffi 


Sh 

O 


5 


6 


d 


d 

0) 


d 


o 


2 

H 


PQ 


■pH 



o w 

cq rd 
03 © 

•tH rrH 

P3 03 

•rH r-H 

d 
d 

o3 
■ — i 
Ph 

CD 



O 

o 

rH 

O 



03 

d 
d 

Ph 

o 

fa 



^ § ^ 

03 cfi 

03 

Ul 



d . 

o3 O 

CO .H 

"3 Ph 

CO 

<1 



CO ^ 

a s 

CD 

d xi 

o 



r*J 



o 
o 

0^ 



o3 co 



o3 



5 d 

U d T3 

O d *-. 

03 o 

v.. d 

bO cy 

.a m 

9 £ 

CO © 

o 



be 

d 

d 

Ph 



o3 

d 

CD 

O 



o 
O 



bo 



173 F^ 
O . 

d 

- u 

d o 

d 

o3 

W 

d 

d 
o 
o 

CD 



T3 

CD 


o3 


K 


PQ 


£ 


w 


£ 




1 — 1 

. — I 


Cl> 


d 


o3 


£ 




fa 



bo 

d 



o 



o3 

Ph 


d 

CD 




bfl 




d 








CD 




>» 




A 




d 




d 




o3 




>> 


OJO 


Ph 
-t-» 


d 


CQ 


d 


1 


bJD 

•rH 


CD 


CO 


rd 


CD 


o 


A 



c* 



eg 

ce 

u 

3 
o 



o3 


03 


Ph 


Sh 


0) 


CP 


d 


d 


CD 


CD 


o 


C5 



•rH bO 

Sh d 
03 -i 





CD 

Sh 
CD 

d 
d 


ft 
C72 

d 
d 

o3 


60 

d 

•I— 1 
CD 

Q 


193 
Course 


bO 

d 

'3 
>> 




bO 

d 

d 
d 

"a 




P 


W) 


d 




d 




02 




CD 
i— i 

d 


d 
d 

Sh 

o3 

o 

o 

CO 

!— 1 

o3 


d 

03 




d 

c3 




d 
d 




CD 


>» 




>> 




o3 


1— 1 

o3 

•i— i 

+-5 

Ph 


CD 

,d 


Sh 

-u 

CQ 

•rH 

a 

CD 




Sh 
CQ 

a 

CD 


03 

Sh 
CD 

d 


bO 

d 

d 

Sh 


o3 


o3 




,d 




rd 


CD 


o3 


Ph 


J 




o 




O 


O 


O 






CD 


S 


Ph 


cS 


ft 


^ 


02 




'r-H 




<D 



d 

Sh 

d 

rd 

Sh 



Sh 
rd 

E ® 

d +j 

^ "S 

P 5 



CD r-H 

rQ © 

a d 

a a 

o3 j 

w> o 

fH rj, 

O «d 

CD r^ 

o o 



CD 




02 




c3 




rd 




O 




CD 


r. 


i* 


r^ 


03 


ii 


o 


^ 


d 


o 

a 


3 




d 


d 


o3 


d 


Sh 


o 


fa 


a 




r^ 


d 


03 


o3 


Ph 


Ph 



k" 




a 


o 
o 

1— 1 




03 

rd 


•rH 




bO 

d 






•rH 


02 


to 


r— 1 
i-H 


rQ 
rQ 


d 

d 
d 

03 


• rH 

o 


O 

W 


>> 

CD 


r-H 
•i— 1 

Sh 
Sh 
CD 


r^ 
CD 


Sh 

rd 

ft 

a 


^ 


Sh 


d 


Sh 


cfi 




CD 


•1—1 


c3 


bO 


£ 


d 


o 


CD 


o3 


Ph 


r-q 






o 


Ph" 






a 


*o3 


K^ 


^ 


CS 


i— i 


CD 


d 


[25 




1— H 


ft 




< 


d 

CD 


o 

Sh 




r« 


ffl 


PQ 




o 








03 


r-3 


Ph' 




1-3 










d 


CO 




Ph" 


o 

l-H 


CD 

a 




H 


s 


o3 

r-3 



106 



6 


d 

o 

P 


£ 




bJO 


d~ 


1 

d 






a 




d 

CP 

•d 
d 

CP 

d 

d 






CP 




d 
o 




rd 
02 


CP 


Occupation 

to the Superintendent, Mill N 


0) 

02" 

s 

rd 




PI 
•I—* 

PQ 

g 

o 

o 


u 

-^ 
P 

d 
O 

hJO 

B 


CP 

PQ 




6 

CJ 

5 

o 


d 
rd 
d 

CP 
CP 

6 
o 




d 

d 

o 

o 

CP 

> 


pc3 

CP 


ft 
u 
o 
O 

bib 




d 

CP 

PQ 

+j 
ft 

CP 

Q 




d 
PQ 

CO 

o ^ 

rH 

PQ ^ 


6 
o 

bi) 

H-l 


6 
u 

M) 

d 

j_> 

£j 

d 

o 

p 


d 

o 

£ 

S3 
Q 

d~ 
d 


02 

03 

d" 



^5 
CD 

PQ 


d 

rH 

d 
O 

d 

d 

d 


• I-H 

d 
M 

d 
-u 

m 

d 

d 
+j <; 

t> . . 

_; CP t*" 1 


3 

d 

a 

& 

CP 

d 


as 

d~ 


u 

o 

Cm 

of 

d 
d 
+j 

o 
02 


CP 

+-> 

u 
d 
O 

a 


02 
02 

d 
til 

OS) 


CP 

,d 
+j 

o 
d 

d 
-f— > 


m 

d 

s 

CD 

3 


o 
d 

d 

Ph 

CP 

fH 

d 

o 

d 

5W 


d 
o 
a 
d 

CP 

PQ 

CP 

d 


02 
CO 

d 
-d' 

Jh 

o 
-d 


d 

'02 
CP 

Q 
d 

4-5 

d 
d 
■+-> 


d 

'rH 
O 

d 
o 

pq 

CP 

2^ 


^ d 

•S 3 

a) o 

^ d 

r^ -rH 

^ a 

„ r- 


d . 

O 02 
O 02 

d d 

CP ^! 

PQ ^ 

d 

d £ 
be cp 






d 


cp 


d -i-= 


bJO 


^ 


CP 

rd 

O 


d 

-r-> 

• r— 1 


'cp 


02 


O 


d 


bJ3 


CD 


02 


•■H 


5_ CP 


02 

xn 

< 


rH 


Eh 


d 

ft 


^ d Z 


*02 

CD 

P 


o 


M 


02 
02 

< 


Ph 


d '55 

Co m 

§ Q 


PQ 


02 
02 

< 


S 


CP £h 
Q 


CD 

Q 


bib 








be 


bi) 








bi) 




1 

d 


















B 








.9 


d 

•rH 








d 




• 1— c 

ft 


















'-£ 








*-+-> 


+J 








+-> 




m 


















-»j 








+j 


•+J 








+j 






















•i— i 








•I-H 


•I-H 






























d 








Pi 


d 








d 




•d 


















M 








a 


M 








W 




d 

d 


















^H 








u 


?-< 








^ 






















d 








d 


03 








d 




be 














• 




<v 








CD 


CP 






bb 


CP 




d 




bib 










be 




Course 

Underw 








CP 

d 
Pi 


rH 

CP 

d 
d 






d 

'cp 

Q 


CP 

d 




d 

d 
O 




d 

d 
d 

ft 










d 


P 










P 


P 






d 


P 




-d 




m 










d 




CD 








CP 


CP 






d 
d 


o 




d 
d 




-d 










d 
d 




d 








d 


3 








d 








d 














CD 








CP 


CP 


be 

d 

d 




!>> 


CP 




be 




d 










r>> 




CP 








CP 


CP 




rH 


CP 




d 

•i-H 

d 














r< 




z 




d 




^ 


£ 




72 


fc 




bi) 


bJO 

d 


d 




d 




02 


r— 1 

d 

CP 

d 


a 

-i-j 




CD 
d 




o 


rd 

o 


M) 

'55 




a 

CP 


rd 

o 




_bp 

•02 


d 
d 


d 


S-i 
CP 

d 




CP 

d 




a 

CP 


d 




0) 




d 


o3 


CP 




rd 


d 




CP 




d 


CP 




CP 




rd 


CP 


J 




O 




J 


J 


Q 




O 


J 




Q 




O 


o 




O 




O 


O 



08 X 

*B 
5 

d 
o 

d 

CP 




d 

o 
O 

d 









rH 

CP 

r— 1 


r^ 

1-3 








rH 

1-3 


CP 


>c 


CD 


.9 


a 




d 






►, 


a 


CD 


rH 


"fe 


d 


d 


d 




cp"~ 


P^ 





^ 


O 

d 


d 


ffl 


d 


d 


02" 


d 



CP 
02 




d 


CP 

n 


d 
d 

d 

p 


o 

o 

O 


PQ 

CP 

p 


>> 
d 


O 


r^ - 

d -d 

CD 02 
■1-3 |5 


rQ 

d 


CP 
> 

3 




d 

d 


r* 

1 1 


CP 


d 
o 

CP 


rQ 

CP 


d 

CP 

rH 

d 


• d 

-t-3 

H r^ 

CP rH 


c3 


JH 

a 

d 

'd 


02 

d 

02 

d 
be 


d 


d 




d 


'd 


O Jm 


CD 


CP 


d 


a 


H 


5 


O 


O 


# fe 


K 


PQ 


<J 



107 





o3 
1=1 




0) 




'd 




O 














£ 




o 




w 




03 












=4-1 




d 




CO 






03 

•fl 




1—1 
1— 1 




d 

0) 




H 




o3 










§ 




PQ 




08 




„ 






Z 




I— 1 




£ 




02 

03 




d 




s 


bfl 




"3 

fl 




0) 




o 




o 
d 


£ 





fl 


d 

u 

o 

d 


_fl 








d 
rH 




CD 

PQ 




•H 


ft 


fl 

fl 
•i—i 

n 




02 

o3 


| 




o 

d 
<D 




CD 


03 


O 


02 

d~ 


CD 

PQ 


a 

o 
o 


cd 




PQ 
cd 






O 




o3 




•Q 


d 

O 


fl 
PQ 






6 
o 


02 








ce 


a 

o 
O 


5(-l 




02 


02 


rfl 

bfl 
•i— i 


?-i 






l 3 


| 


d 

PQ 


•fl 


m 

03 


a 

CD 


o 














£ 




rfl 

o 




t- 





bjo 



XI 

o 



PQ 



S* 



o 



d 

03 -H* 

^ O 

013 o 

rfl 

K> 02 

o 



s ^ * 
a „ m 

o d 

O O CD 

0JD „ 02 

C ^ M 
73 ^ o3 
r- 1 JZ CQ 

2b 



O r-j 



bfl 

«4-l 



CD 

bfl 

o 



CD 

02 



M 



03 

o 



<b 



Pn 02 



c3 .2 

fo a 

r- 1 CD 

03 ,fl 

£ O 

fl 

<D ,_, 

O fl 

„ o3 

. +j 

O «2 

O oa 

02 



O 

JH 

02 
O 

o 

02 

02 5h 

03 <D 

OJO 

03 

CD 

A 



fl 
•; oj ►> 

S 22 J" 

B «l-t Ka- 

H !B (^ 
02 

<4 



o3 

fl 
0) 
bfl 
03 

r-i 

o3 
O 



o3 £ 
Ph ^ 

CO OJD 
fl d 

o^ -r; 

"02 r^ 

CD ,fl 

IS 

CO Q 

OB O 

02 



be 

fl 

s < 

o i 

bJD fl 

o3 i— i 

^J O 

o O 







a 


















Ul 


















X3 


















d 


















o3 


















bfl 
















&i) 


B 




bb 


bi) 








as 

s 

o 


fl 

fl 
fl 

T3 
fl 
03 


-3 

5h 

o3 

o 

o3 
b£ 




'3 

fl 

02 

fl 

o3 


fl 

Q 

fl 
o3 

h 




•rH 


CD 
OB 

O 

O 




bC 
fl 


fl 
fl 


bb 


bJD 
fl 


02 


rt 








'<£ 


fejp 


fl 


d 


a 


CD 








r-l 


*05 


fl 


Sh 


CD 


fl 








o3 


CD 




03 


^fl 


CD 








o 


Q 




U 


o 


O 







CD 
fl 
CD 

o 



'OJD 
fl 



fl 

o3 
CD 

-d 

fl 
P 



d 

CD 
CD 

O 

o3 



be 

fl 



fl 

CD 
•i— i 
02 

O 

K 

02 
02 

CD 



o3 
CD 
02 



bit) 
fl 
*CD 

A 

d 
fl 

03 



CD 



o3 

Sh 
CD 
fl 
CD 

o 



bfl 
fl 

fl 
bfl 

"to 
CD 

A 



bfl 
fl 



fl 
CD 

• rH 
02 

o 



o3 
CD 
02 



fl ^ 


H— 1 






o 
Pi 

CD 




4-J 


r? PQ 

b 


o 


d 
'3 


a 

02 


PQ 


< 


rfl 

Ul 


fe 


02 


d 




fl 


o3 


5-i 


d 


o 


a 

O 


o3 


CD 


-u 


fc 


4h 


i-H 


-fl 


d 




03 


H 


H 


5 


Q 



fl 

CD 

a 
fl 

rH 

CD 



03 



bfl 
fl 

to 

fl 



fl 
CD 
•fl 

a 



a 

o3 
bfl 

03 



o 

fl 



rfl 

a 

fl 

CD 



!>> 
CD 

S 
O 
fl 

•rH 

w 

H 

^) 
fl 

o3 



CD 

bfl 
•d 
fl 

d 

rH 

o3 

d 



N 




i— i 




o 


« 


rfl 


r— 1 

o3 


a 
W 


02 






< 


> 


+j 


d 


02 




CD 


02 



I 



•'1 



1 



f