Sijr (ftmnmmiutraltlt of £HafiBarljti0?ttB NEW B EDFORD TEXTILE SCHOOL CATALOGUE 1921 1922 378 1 NEW BEDFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 1171-1219 PURCHASE STREET Hi* . /* CATALOGUE, <X=>0 New Bedford Textile School NLW BLDFORD, MA55. 1921-1922 o oj & BOSl ON WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO.. STATE PRINTERS 32 DERNE STREET 1921 W Publication of this Document approved by the Supervisor of Administration. THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES. i OFFICERS OF THE BOARD. WILLIAM E. HATCH, A.M., President. FREDERIC TABER, Treasurer. JAMES O. THOMPSON, Jr., Clerk. TRUSTEES. Ex officio, His Honor CHARLES S. ASHLEY, Mayor. Ex officio, Dr. PAYSON SMITH, Commissioner of Education. Ex officio, ALLEN P. KEITH, Superintendent of Schools. Term Expires June 30, 1923. JOHN L. BURTON, Agent, Nashawena Mills. THOMAS F. GLENNON, Agent, Quissett Mill. JOSEPH H. HANDFORD, Assessor, City of New Bedford. JOHN SULLIVAN, Agent, Taber Mill. FREDERIC TABER, President, Taber Mill. Term Expires June 30, 1922. CHARLES O. DEXTER, Agent, Beacon Manufacturing Company. Hon. SAMUEL ROSS, Secretary, Mule Spinners Union. ABBOTT P. SMITH, Director, Quissett, Taber, Soule, Butler, Nemasket and New Bedford Cotton Mills Corporation. FRED W. STEELE, Treasurer, Booth Mill. GEORGE WALKER, Overseer, Mule Spinning, Nashawena Mills. Term Expires June 30, 1921. LEWIS E. BENTLEY, Former Superintendent, New England Cot- ton Yarn Company. WILLIAM E. HATCH, President. CHARLES M. HOLMES, Treasurer, Holmes, Gosnold & Page Mills. NATHANIEL B. KERR, Vice-President, Butler Mill, and Director, New Bedford Cotton Mills Corporation. JAMES O. THOMPSON, Jr., Agent, New Bedford Cotton Mills Corporation. '<: be a 2 "3 - >> u © u c3 ADMINISTRATION AND INSTRUCTION. ADMINISTRATION. William E. Hatch, A.M., President. Frederic Taber, Treasurer. Maud L. Clark, Chief Clerk and Bookkeeper. Ellen Broadmeadow, Clerk and Assistant Bookkeeper. Irene Goulart, Clerk. INSTRUCTION. Heads of Departments. William Smith, Carding and Spinning. Thomas Yates, Warp Preparation and Weaving. Samuel Holt, Designing. Frank Payton, Knitting. Fred E. Busby, S.B., Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing. Morris H. Crompton, Engineering and Mechanical Drafting. Instructors. William Acomb, Designing and Weaving. Adam Bayreuther, Machine-shop Practice. Daniel H. Taft, Raymond R. McEvoy, Carding and Spinning. Albert H. Grimshaw, Abram Brooks, Owen J. Mullaney, Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing. John F. Judge, Engineer. John P. Rooney, Daniel B. Osborne, Firemen and Watchmen. Oscar E. Johnsen, Head Janitor. Edwin Johnson, Alfred Makin, Assistant Janitors. The president and heads of departments constitute the faculty of the school. The day instructors serve both day and evening. ASSISTANT EVENING INSTRUCTORS. Carding and Spinning. Roger LeB. Allen. x Frank Holden. John H. Bouchard. John H. Moss. Robert Greenhalgh. Harry L. Ray. Herbert Higgins. Daniel E. Stephenson. Walter C. Wilbor. Warp Preparation and Weaving. Peter Czarnota. Joseph Xiedzwiecki. Eh Heyes. John Reynolds. Frederick W. Holt. Manuel Sylvia. Adelard J. LaChapelle. George Southworth. Thomas Tomlinson. Warp Drawing. Hilda M. Kenworthy. Margaret V. O'Brien. Mill Calculations. Frank Buckley. x Cost Finding. Howard B. Whitney. l Wilham Kenworthy. 2 Designing. Victor 0. B. Slater. 2 Jean C. Uberti. 1 Mechanical Drafting. Wallace B. Baylies. Walter E. Borden. Electrical Engineering. Arthur M. Kelley. Steam Engineering. John A. Valentine. l Machine-shop Practice. Wm. D. Dean. Simeon B. Livesley. 1 Fall term only. 2 Spring term only. ADDRESSES BY TEXTILE EXPERTS AND OTHERS. Addresses by men prominent in the educational field and in the cotton and allied industries are given the students during the year. The following were the speakers the past year: — Mr. Frank W. Wright, Director of Elementary, Secondary and Normal Schools, Department of Education, Massachusetts. Mr. M. D. C. Crawford, Textile Expert, Museum of Natural History, New York, and Editor, "Women's Wear." Air. Fred. W. Steele, Treasurer, Booth Mill, New Bedford, Mass. Mr. Arthur L. Emery, General Superintendent, Wamsutta Mills, New Bedford, Mass. Mr. Everett H. Hinckley, General Manager, Borne, Scrymser Com- pany, New York. Mr. Joseph K. Milliken, Treasurer, Mt. Hope Finishing Company, North Dighton, Mass. Mr. John L. Burton, Agent, Nashawena Mill, New Bedford, Mass. Mr. James Thomson, Treasurer, Fairhaven Mills, New Bedford, Mass. Mr. Horace A. Carter, Treasurer, Wm. Carter Company, Needham Heights, Mass. Mr. Albert P. White, Mill Management, Mt. Hope Finishing Com- pany, North Dighton, Mass. Mr. Fred W. Howe, Vice-President, Crompton & Knowles Loom Works, Providence, R. I. CALENDAR. 1921. 8 i 1 1 1 922. JULY. JANUARY. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. Sa. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. Sa. 3 IO 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 I 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 1 1 ft 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 3i 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 AUGUST. FEBRUARY. Su. Mo. Tu. We.Ith. Fr. Sa. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. Sa. 7 14 21 28 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 3i 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 ft ft s 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 1 8 22 2 9 16 23 3 10 17 24 4 11 18 25 SEPTEMBER. MARCH. Su. 4 11 18 25 Mo. 5 12 19 26 Tu. 6 13 20 27 We. Th. Fr. Sa. Su. 5 12 19 26 Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. Sa. 7 14 21 28 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 ft ft ft t 1 « ft il N ft ft ft ft ft ft \ 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 I 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 OCTOBER. APRIL. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. Sa. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. Sa. 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 3i 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27, 7 21 28 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 NOVEMBER. MAY. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. Sa. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. 5 12 19 26 Sa. 6 13 20 27 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 7 14 21 28 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 3i 4 11 18 25 DECEMBER. JUNE. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. Sa. Su. Mo. Tu. We. Th. Fr. 2 9 16 23 30 Sa. 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 3i > 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 1 8 15 22 29 3 10 17 24 be S — •a ■ — PQ S o — — 3 a? SCHOOL CALENDAR. 1921. Friday, September 9, 9 a.m. Second entrance examinations. Monday, September 12. Beginning of first semester, day classes. Thursday, September 29, and Friday, September 30. Enrollment, evening students, 7.30 to 9 p.m. Monday, October 3. Beginning of first term, evening classes. "Wednesday, November 23, 12 m., to November 28. Thanksgiving recess. Monday, December 19, to Friday, December 23, inclusive. Examina- tions, evening classes. Friday, December 23. Close of first term for evening classes. Saturday, December 24, to Wednesday, January 4. Christmas recess. 1922. Tuesday, January 3, 7.30 to 9 p.m. Enrollment, evening students, second term. Thursday, January 5, 7.30 p.m. Beginning of second term, evening classes. Monday, January 30, to Friday, February 3. Midyear examinations, day classes. Monday, February 6. Second semester begins, day classes. Thursday, March 23, to Tuesday, March 28. Examinations for even- ing classes. Tuesday, March 28. Close of second term, evening classes. Saturday, April 1, to Monday, April 10. Spring recess. Monday, June 5, to Friday, June 9. Final examinations, senior class. Monday, June 12, to Friday, June 16. Final examinations, other classes. Wednesday, June 14, 9 a.m. Entrance examinations. Friday, June 16, 8 p.m. Graduating exercises, school hall. New Bedford Textile School. THE SCHOOL AND ITS PURPOSE. The Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the act under which the Trustees of the New Bedford Textile School were incorporated, gives as the purpose of the incorporation that of establishing and maintaining a textile school for instruction in the theory and practical art of textiles and kindred branches of industry. As New Bedford is primarily a cotton manufacturing city, this school confines itself principally to instruction in the cotton branch of the textile industry, and seeks to perfect itself in this line. Its course of instruction is arranged to subserve the interests of two general classes of students: (1) day students, — those who give their whole time for two or three years to acquiring the theory as well as the prac- tice of cotton manufacturing in all its details, from the raw cotton to the finished fabric, and also have instruction in the scientific principles which underlie the construction of the machinery and its operation, and the artistic principles which are involved in the production of desirable and orna- mental fabrics; (2) evening students, — those who are employed in the mills during the day and who, by attending the Textile School evenings, are able to learn other phases of the industry from that in which they are employed, or to perfect themselves in their special lines of work, and become more efficient workmen. The courses of instruction for these two classes of students are given fully on other pages of this catalogue. The whole of the machinery in the school is absolutely modern, being constructed especially for the school. It is all high grade, has latest improvements, and is especially built to afford facilities for all kinds of experimental work, and represents all the leading types of machines from the best builders in the United States, and several English builders. 14 There is no mill in which there is so large a variety of machinery as in the New Bedford Textile School. This consequently affords the student a better opportunity to become acquainted with various machines and methods than could be found in any one manufacturing establish- ment. Each instructor in the day school is a man who is thor- oughly conversant with the work of the department under his charge by thorough training and long experience. Each one has charge of the work in his department at night also, assisted by experienced assistants from the mills, many of whom are graduates of this school. The school went into operation in the fall of 1899, and the first class was graduated in 1900. The regular courses were one year in length for the first few years, but were afterwards increased to three years. Special shorter courses are given, however, for which certificates are granted. For nineteen years the school was a semi-private institu- tion, but supported by appropriations made each year by the State and by the city of New Bedford. It was managed by a Board of Trustees, two appointed by the Governor of the Commonwealth, two representing the city (the mayor and the superintendent of schools, ex officiis), and twenty organized under the general statute by which the school was founded, a perpetual body, with power to fill vacancies other than the four created for and representing the Com- monwealth and city. On July 1, 1918, it became a State institution by an act amending the State Constitution. It is still maintained with appropriations made by the State and city. It is managed by a Board of Trustees consisting of eighteen members, the Commissioner of Education, ex officio, fifteen appointed by the Governor of the Commonwealth, and two, the mayor and the superintendent of schools, ex officiis, representing the city. Most of the trustees are men who either are or have been connected actively with the manufacture of cotton textiles. The number of individual students attending the school 15 since its opening is 10,185, the number graduated, 2,530. Many evening students who attend regularly do not take the examinations, and therefore do not appear as graduates, though they may have had a good record as students, es- pecially in practice. This shrinking from examinations is natural, for many of them have little or no command of English, or are not accustomed to examinations. A large number of those who do not appear as graduates, however, are benefited by the instruction given in the school, and have acquired a knowledge and skill that have enabled them to rise in the industry and improve their financial and social condition. THE LOCATION OF THE SCHOOL. The school is situated in the center of the city of New Bedford, Mass., on the main car line of the city, which connects the mill districts, and is readily accessible to mill operatives who attend the evening sessions of the school. It is near the residential part of the city, and is therefore conveniently situated for non-resident pupils who take up a temporary residence in the city. New Bedford is an especially suitable location for an institution of this character. It is the largest cotton manu- facturing city of fine yarns and fancy woven fabrics and novelties in the country. Its spindles number 3,594,138, and looms, 55,679; and employees, 41,430. High-grade combed yarns are produced in New Bedford to a greater extent than in any other city, while the mills are engaged in the manufacture of fine shirtings, muslins, lawns, sateens, lenos, checks, piques and other fancy fabrics to an extent unknown elsewhere. New Bedford's great advantage in this respect can be attributed principally to the fact that her mills are nearly all of recent construction, with the most improved and up-to-date equipment. The environment of these mills is in itself a benefit to the stu- dents who select the New Bedford Textile School as the institution in which to learn the mill business, as they have 16 opportunity to observe their construction and operation, and to find employment in them during the long summer vacations and upon finishing their course in the school. New Bedford is within short distance of Hopedale, Whitinsville, Hyde Park, Providence, Pawtucket, Woon- socket, Taunton and other large cotton machinery centers. It is one of the healthiest of the manufacturing cities in the United States. Picturesquely situated on the extreme south shore of Massachusetts, it enjoys one of the mildest winter climates in New England, and thus offers peculiar residential advantages for non-resident students. THE BUILDINGS. The school is housed in two separate buildings connected by a tunnel in the basement and by covered bridges over- head. They are constructed of red brick with trimmings of Indiana sandstone. They are classified as the machinery building and the recitation building. The first now comprises the original building, erected in 1898-99, and the first two additions, erected in the years 1901-02 and 1905, respectively. This building is 164 feet in length, with an average depth of 77.3 feet. It is three stories high, with basement under most of it, and contains a floor space of 46,600 square feet. In it are situated the administration offices, the power house and all the depart- ments comprised in a cotton yarn and cotton cloth mill, as shown by the cuts distributed throughout this catalogue. In addition, it has two large thoroughly equipped rooms for instruction in the art of knitting, both for hosiery and underwear, also shown in cuts. The recitation building was completed and occupied in the fall of 1911. It consists of a main building 108 by 93 feet 6 inches, three stories high, with a deep well-lighted basement under the whole of it, and contains 40,392 square feet of floor space. It also has an annex 68 feet 3 inches long by 19 feet 3 inches deep, one story high, with base- ment, and contains 2,634 square feet of floor space. This 17 annex is used as an experimental laboratory and as a store- room for chemical supplies. The main building, besides being equipped with recita- tion and lecture rooms of various sizes, has a thoroughly equipped chemical laboratory, dyeing and finishing rooms, engineering laboratories, a commodious machine shop, draft- ing rooms, a designing room especially fitted, an exhibition room, and an assembly hall that will seat 400 persons. Both structures are of the slow-burning mill construction type, approved by the leading fire insurance associations and mill engineers, while the general equipment of the plant is also illustrative of the best methods of lighting, heating, ventilating, humidifying and fire-protecting mills. Great attention has been paid to the planning and arranging of these buildings for the school, to make them suitable for the purposes of imparting textile instruction, and in order that the machinery building should give an object-lesson in cotton mill engineering. The Trustees of the school have petitioned the Legisla- ture of 1921 for an appropriation with which to erect an addition to the present machinery building, and sketch plans have been submitted. If the petition is granted the present weave room will be nearly doubled in capacity, a gymnasium will be provided for the school, and the ma- chine shop located in the machinery building where it properly belongs. Other improvements will be provided that will aid working conditions and produce greater econ- omy and efficiency in administration. Power and light are now purchased from the local electric power company, and the school supplies its own heat and the steam needed in its finishing plant. The fire protection was designed and installed by the General Fire Extinguisher Company of Providence, It. I., the well-known Grinnell sprinkler being used. The American Moistening Company and the Bahnson Humidifier Company have installed com- plete humidifying apparatus. The whole equipment is ap- proved by the Massachusetts State inspectors of public buildings. 18 DAY CLASSES. The regular day courses of the school are as follows : — General Cotton Manufacturing. Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing. Designing. Carding and Spinning. Seamless Hosiery Knitting. Latch Needle Underwear Knitting. All the above courses are diploma courses, three years long, and are intended to qualify students to hold posi- tions of responsibility in textile manufacturing and allied establishments. The advantages of these courses to qualify men to hold responsible positions in cotton mills, dyeing and finishing plants, commission houses, etc., are many. These indus- tries, as conducted, are not adapted to give a young man a technical education. The opposite is the case where the primary object is to impart knowledge and to train in the correct method of doing things. It is not expected that a young man, going from this school, will at once secure an executive position. It is ex- pected, on the contrary, that he will begin in a more humble fashion, that with the knowledge acquired in the school and the experience gained in the mill itself, he will be qualified to hold higher positions, and that his advancement will be much more rapid and his knowledge broader than one who has not had the school instruction and training. That such is the case is shown already by the positions now held by the graduates of the school. Many of them are occupying positions of trust and responsibility in the textile and allied industries as manu- cd - 3 19 facturers, treasurers, agents, superintendents, assistant superintendents, designers in mills and commission houses, overseers, chemists and dyers, etc. Some have been called to good positions as designers directly from the school, and many who have attended the evening classes have so im- proved in skill and knowledge that they have advanced in position and earning power. That the work of the school is recognized by textile man- ufacturers and those engaged in allied industries is attested by the fact that applications are constant for men of the school — more than can be supplied. One of the largest bleaching establishments in the country has assured us that it is ready to take all the men from the chemistry and dye- ing department that we will recommend. But this school does not agree to make successful men out of lazy, careless and indifferent boys, nor does it care for such boys as students. But for those who wish to learn, who are ready to work, who are willing to bide their time, it does offer an opportunity that will supply them with an honorable vocation, with many opportunities for advance- ment in the world, with good remuneration. In case a prospective student feels that no one of the di- ploma courses meets his particular needs, he is requested to communicate with the president, stating his wishes. When- ever possible, special courses will be given in the various departments, for which certificates will be granted, stating the subjects taken and the time given to them. The limita- tions of these special courses will be determined in every case by the management. 20 General Cotton Manufacturing Course. First Year. First Term. Hours per Week. Subject. Pickers and Cards (101), Weaving (111), Cloth Analysis (121, 151), Designing (131), Hand' Loom (161), . 1§ Principles of Mechanics (171), 1 Mechanical Drawing (172), . 4 Chemistry (182), . Yarn Calculations (121), 61 61 3* 14 6^ Second Term. Hours Subject. per Week. Cards and Drawing Frames (102), .... Weaving (112), Warp Preparation (122), Designing (132), Cloth Analysis (152), Hand Loom (161), . Mechanical Drawing (172), Textile Chemistry and Dyeing (222), 61 6* 3| U 3 H 3 Second Year. First Term. Hours Subject. per Week. Roving and Spinning Frames (103), 10 Weaving (113), . . . Si Designing (133), . .2 Cloth Analysis (153), . . 5 Machine Drawing (173, 175), 1 Machine-shop Practice (174), 3 Steam Engineering (176), . If Dyeing (223), . . . . 6* Second Term. Hours Subject. per Week. Doubling and Drafting (104), 6| Cotton Sampling (107), . . 1| Weaving (114), . 5§ Designing (134), . . .2 Cloth Analysis (154), . .5 Machine-shop Practice (174), 3 Machine Drawing (175), . 1 Steam Engineering (176), . 1\ Textile Chemistry (234), . 6£ Third Year. First Term. Subject. Combers and Mules (105), Weaving (115), Designing (135), Color (145), . Cloth Analysis (155), Machine-shop Practice (174), Electrical Engineering (177), Option of Carding and Spin- ning or Knitting (294), Hours per Week. 10 n Second Term. Subject. Carding and Spinning, Prac- tice Work (106), . Weaving (116), Designing (136), Color (146), . Cloth Analysis (156), Mill Engineering (178), Cost Finding (179), Option of Converting (235- 260) or Knitting (294) or Carding and Spinning, Hours per Week. 64 21 General Cotton Manufacturing Course. The course in cotton manufacturing is designed to give the student a thorough fundamental knowledge of the different processes entering into the construction of a piece of cloth from the raw staple to the finished product. During the first year the student takes up the study of yarn preparation, weaving, designing and cloth analysis. The study of mechanics, mechanical drawing and chemistry is also pursued the first year, the work in these subjects being designed especially for men who are to take up the cotton mill work. Practical work in the machine shop is entered upon the second term. Instruction in yarn calcula- tions, spooling, warping and slashing is also offered during the first year. In the second and third years sufficient time is given to instruction in picking, carding and spinning, while the sub- jects of weaving, designing and analysis are continued. Dyeing is begun the first year, the work being such as is of especial interest to the student of cotton manufacturing. The student is also given instruction in steam engineering during the second year, while in the third year, work in electrical engineering and cotton mill construction is offered. The study of color is taken up during the third year. The work in all subjects is so arranged that the student is taken gradually from the simpler to the more difficult problems. Much of the work in the last year is original, and the student is thrown on his own resources. The work in chemistry, dyeing, mechanics and shop prac- tice is all arranged with special reference to the student of cotton manufacturing. This course is very thorough, and is always recommended to the student who is to make cotton cloth manufacturing his future work. 22 Designing Course. First Year. First Term. Hours Subject. per Week Weaving (111), . . .10 Cloth Analysis (121, 151), . Designing (131), Hand Loom (161), . Principles of Mechanics (171), Mechanical Drawing (172), . 13 ^2 Second Term. Hours per Week. 31 Subject. Weaving (112), Warp Preparation (122), Designing (132), Cloth Analysis (152), , . 11 Hand Loom (161), . Mechanical Drawing (172), Machine-shop Practice (174), 3t Second Year. First Term. Subject. Weaving (113, 114), Designing (133), . Color (145), . Cloth Analysis (153, 154), . Machine Drawing (173, 175), Machine-shop Practice (174), Steam Engineering (176), General Chemistry (182), Hours per Week. . 10 . 2 . 2 »2 Second Term. Subject. Cotton Sampling (107), Weaving (115), Designing (134), Color (146), . Cloth Analysis (155), Machine-shop Practice (174) Machine Drawing (175), Steam Engineering (176), Textile Chemistry (222), Hours per Week. 2 10 2 2 if If 3 Third Year. First Term. Hours Subject. per Week. Weaving (116), . . .10 Jacquard Designing (135), . 6| Cloth Analysis (156), . . 6 Machine-shop Practice (174), 3 Electrical Engineering (177), 2 Color (146), .... 2 Textile Chemistry (222), . 3 Second Term. Subject. Weaving (116), Jacquard Designing (136), Cloth Analysis (156), Commission House Work (157), Finishing (235), Mill Engineering (178), . Cost Finding (179), . . Hours per Week. . 10 9 3 3 3£ If o o cd o O •r* © 23 Designing Course. Designing is a branch of textile manufacturing of sufficient importance to call for a separate diploma course, extending over three school years. Since the major subjects in this course are confined to designing, cloth analysis and weaving, the work is somewhat more intensive than in the general course. The student, during the first year, takes up the study of the plain loom, the more simple designs and the analysis of such fabrics as contain designs similar to those being studied in the designing lessons. Instruction the first year is also offered in the preparation of warps for the loom, while work in the mechanical depart- ment is entered upon the first year, and extends through all three years of the course. Instruction in the mechanical department is considered essential to the student of designing, as many of the new fabrics brought out by designers from year to year are based as much upon the mechanism of the loom as upon pure design. During the second year more advanced fabrics, such as double cloths, Bedford cords, piques and lenos, are studied, both in designing and analysis, while much of the work in the weave room consists of putting original designs into the rooms and weaving a short length of each. Commencing with the first term of the second year, a practical course in color is offered the student, who is re- quired to work out a series of color scales and apply them in coloring designs. In the second term of this year cotton sampling is introduced. The third year is largely devoted to the subject of Jac- quard designing in both the designing and weaving depart- ments. During this year the subject of commission house work, as it applies to the styling and finishing of new fab- rics, is dealt with, and the student is given a close insight into the requirements of this branch of designing. For the student who wishes to perfect himself in the sub- ject of cloth designing, as applied to the cotton trade, this course will be found very complete. 24 Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing Course. First Year. First Term. Hours Subject. per We^k. Principles of Mechanics (171), 1 Mechanical Drawing (172), . 4 General Chemistry (181), . 13 Inorganic Preparations (183), 7 Qualitative Analysis (191), . 6 Quantitative Analysis (202), . 1| Second Term. Subject. Mechanical Drawing (172), . Machine-shop Practice (174), Qualitative Analysis (192), . Quantitative Analysis (202), Organic Chemistry (212), Textile Chemistry and Dyeing (222), Hours per Week. 3 10 61 Second Year. First Term. Hours per Week. . 2 Subject. Color (145), . Machine Drawing (173, 175), 1§ Machine-shop Practice (174), 3 Steam Engineering (176), . 1| Quantitative Analysis (202), 9 Organic Chemistry (213), . 6 Dyeing (223), .... 6 Textile Chemistry (233), . 3| Second Term. Subject. Color (146), . Machine-shop Practice (174), Machine Drawing (175), Steam Engineering (176), Dyeing (224), . Textile Chemistry (234), Hours per Week. . 2 3 13 HI Third Year. First Term. Hours Subject. per Week. Machine Shop (174), . . 3 Electrical Engineering (177), 2 Dyeing (225), . . . . 10§ Singeing (240), ... 3 Scouring (241), ... 6 Bleaching (242), ... 4 Mercerizing (245), ... 4 Second Term. Subject. Machine Drawing (175), Drying (250), . . Calendering (255), . Putting up (260), . Thesis (269), . Cotton Sampling (107), Hours per Week. 2 6 9 m zo Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing Course. The object of this course is to give to the student a thor- ough knowledge of the chemistry of the textile processes involved in the manufacture of cotton cloth. To insure a perfect foundation, the first two years are devoted almost entirely to chemical subjects and laboratory work. During this period the subjects of general chemistry, inorganic and organic, are taught, the preparation and properties of va- rious chemicals and dyestuffs, the properties of the various fibers, and the coloring of them. The third year is devoted almost entirely to the practical dyeing and finishing of cotton goods. The best current practice is followed, but the underlying principles are thor- oughly taught in order that the student may understand the limitations and purpose of each process. ,., »•» -\ ;»• ,' The subjects of machine drawing, prinbip^'prirveehanics, electricity and shop work arc +aught:,,»The"se allied. subjects are arranged *it'i special reference , to* th£ waajyr objects, and are considered verv irapor tan V'ai' they* give the student a first-hand knowlevige of die construction of the various machines. The graduates of this course find employment with dye- stuff makers and dealers, with manufacturers of chemicals used in dyeing, with bleacheries, dye houses and finishing works. It is desirable that students entering this course shall have successfully completed a scientific course in high school or its equivalent. Any one, however, who can show by examination his ability to profit by the instruction given is admitted. 26 Seamless Hosiery Knitting Course. First Year. First Term. Subject. Pickers and Cards (101), Principles of Mechanics (171) Mechanical Drawing (172), Chemistry (182), . Knitting (271), Yarn Calculations (121), Hours per Week. 1 4 6* 13 It Second Term. Hours Subject. per Week. Draw Frames . 5 3 3 Cards and (102), . . . . Mechanical Drawing (172), . Machine-shop Practice (174), Textile Chemistry and Dyeing (222), Knitting (271), 15 Second Year. First Term. Subject. Roving r-nd Spiiiii.ir.g Frames Hours per Week (103), Machine Drawing "(173, 17/;, Machine -s'K-p. TT^etice f l,74), Steam Engineering (176), Dyeing (223), . . ' . . Knitting (272), Second Term. Subject. Doubling and Drafting (104) $j Cotton Sampling (107), . 1^ ' MSa chine-shop Practice (174) 3 Machine Drawhii; (175), 1| Steam Engineering J 176), ' 6 ! Textile Chemistry (234), 14 | Knittlrft (273), Hours per Week. n Third Year. First Term. Subject. Combers and Mules (105), Machine-shop Practice (174) Electrical Engineering (177) Dyeing (226), . Knitting (274, 293), Hours per Week. 3 2 3 18 Second Term. Subject. Hours per Week. Carding and Spinning (106), . . Machine Drawing (175) Mill Engineering (178), Dyeing (226), . . Knitting (274, 293), Tests . . 6§ • 2 . . 3§ . 3 . . 17| 27 Seamless Hosiery Knitting Course. The course in seamless hosiery knitting is adapted to the needs of those students desiring a thorough knowledge of the hosiery industry. The instruction given covers both the technical and prac- tical parts of the business, including cost finding. A large part of the time is devoted to instruction work on the knitting machines. During the first year the student takes up the winding and preparation of cotton, lisle, wool, worsted and silk yarns for use on hosiery machines; also the principle of circular latch-needle knitting, and the setting and adjusting of different makes of rib-leg and rib-top machines. In the second and third years the time is given up to a study of the different makes of automatic hosiery machines, knitting men's half hose, ladies' hose, footing children's and infants' hose, looping, welting and mending; method of han- dling and keeping track of goods through the mill; cost of manufacturing from varn to the box. Instruction is also given in cotton yarn preparation, yarn calculations, cotton sampling, mechanics, steam engineering, chemistry and dyeing, the work in these different subjects being arranged to meet the special needs of the student. This course is recommended to those students who intend to become connected with a hosierv mill. 28 Latch Needle Underwear Knitting Course. l'n; .r \ i; Mi. First Term, ii Subjool p« Piokera end Cards (101), Principles of MeehnnicN (171) IU1 1 Meohanioa] Drawing (171 Chemistry (182), . Knitting (281 ), I), •1 I.; \ .i i ii ( Jalculal ions (12] 1 i' Second '/'< rm, 1 1. .mi |.ii Wooll Bubjtot < ':ii»ls Mild I >i:i\v I'nunrs (102) . . Meohanioa] i (rawing 1 172), >i Maohine shop Praotioe I iv i >, :i Textile ( Shemistr} and I tyeing (222), 6i Knitting (281 1, . . Lfi Second N i First Tsrm, Seoond Tsrm, id.. 1 1 ... 1 1 Bubjti ' pti Wool Bubjtol poi Wool Roving :ni<i Spinning 1 'rams i Doubling and Drafting (104), <'»'. (108), .... 8i < '«»l Ion S;iiii|iIiii(', ( L07 1, L< Machine Drawing (I7.'i, IV.. , l | Maohine shop Praotioe (1* [) a Machine-shop Praotioe (174), 8 \i.m ihine i (rawing ( L75), Li Steam Engineering (176), 1 1 Steam Enginooi ing ' L76), "' Dyeing (223), . . 6 Textile ( Ihemii trj (284) 6 Knitting (282), . i i Knitting (283), i " First Tei in Tlllltli I I'MITM pel Wool I ii bjooi ('oiiiIh t;! and Mules I Ml., i, I, 1 . Machine shop Praoi ice (174 ), 8 Electrical Engineering (177), 2 Dyeing (226), ... 8 Knitting (284, 208), . . 18 \ I. Ml. Sscond '/'< / in Hill < j> - 1 < larding rind Spinning I '«■ i (106), . Machine I towA ing 1 1 < 5), Mill Engineering 1 178), Dyi Ing (226), . Knitting I I I 198), 1 1.. i« i \ 6i :; 17) >g Latch Needle Underwear Knitting Course. The coui ic i" latch needle underwear knitting is adapted i.o iiio.i hxlrni, mi < ruling to become connected with this branch of the textile industry- Ah in iJie <;i <• of i.ln- ho if-ry course, the larger pari of the student's time is devoted to instruction work on the knit- iinj', nmriiiiM-:,. [nstruction Is also given in cotton yarn preparation, yarn calculations* mechanics, steam engineei in:', cotton sampling, chemistry and dyeing. As is the case wiili all other couthcm offered, instruction in these corre laUtd :,nl)j«'i, i. arranged best to meet the needs of each null vidual <oiu\,<\ Both of lli«' l.nillin}', ronr < , ;uc very thorough, and give the student -I- good working knowledge of the different |#n»r< ■:■;:■;«•:■; ; 1 1 m I I In machinery <oriinH<d willi I In- ;uin\ The knitting department of the New Bedford Textile School ronf.aiiiM a larger variety of knitting nnuliiiniy than i found in any similar nchool in I In- United Stale:*, and (In (our,*:, offered in I In depart nn n I e;innol. fail to he of very great benefit to any one desiring knowledge along these lines. 30 Carding and Spinning Course. First Year. First Term. Subject. Carding, Hours per Week. Roving Picking, (300), . Mechanical Drawing (172), Chemistry (182), . Knitting (301), Yarn Calculations (121), 14 4 6^ Second Term. Hours per Week. Subject. Drawing, Spinning, Doubling and Drafting (302), . . 13§ Machine Shop (174), . . 3 Mechanical Drawing (172), . 3 Chemistry and Dyeing (222), 6§ Knitting (301), . 6£ Second Year. First Term. Hours per Week. Subject. Combers and Mule Spinning (303), . . . " . .14 Knitting (301), . 6| Steam Engineering (176), . 1§ Machine Drawing (173-175), 1 Dyeing (223), . . . . 6} Machine Shop (174), . . 3 Second Term. Subject. Twisting and Cotton Class ing(304), . . . Knitting (301), Steam Engineering (176), Machine Drawing (175), Textile Chemistry (234), Machine Shop (174), Hours per Week. 14 1* 1 61 3 Third Year. First Term. Hours Subject. per Week. General Test Work and Roll Covering (305), . Knitting (301), Electrical Engineering (177), Machine Shop (174), 21 61 2 3 Second Term. Subject. Yarn Testing and Comber Reneedling (306), Knitting (301), Mill Engineering (178), . Machine Drawing (175), Cost Finding (179), Hours per Week. 19 6* 3£ 2 H o o « © o bo — o — - © Q bo ■ — = ■pH - - - bo a O 31 Carding and Spinning Course. The course in carding and spinning is designed to give the student a thorough knowledge of cotton yarn manufacture. The larger part of the student's time is devoted to instruc- tion on the different machines used in the preparation of cotton yarn. Instruction is also given in knitting, mechanics, steam engineering, chemistry and dyeing. Considerable time is given to knitting, as that industry is closely related to cotton yarn manufacture. This course is recommended to those students who intend to become connected with cotton yarn mills or to become cotton yarn salesmen. 32 REFERENCES FROM TABULATED COURSES. 101. Pickers and Cards. Cotton yarn mill machinery. Lists of processes in cotton mills for different numbers of yarn. Proper sequence of processes. Objects of blending cotton. Methods of mixing same. Bale breakers. Picker rooms. Automatic feeders. Construction of different va- rieties of feeders. Their capacity and suitability for the purpose in- tended. The cotton opener, its use and object. Various styles of openers. Setting and adjustment of openers. Connection of feeders to openers. The various styles of trunks. Calculations in connection with openers. Breakers. Intermediate and finisher lappers. Different styles and makes of machines. Use and object of the lapper. Construction of aprons, beaters, bars, screens, fans, lap heads, evener and measuring motions, etc. The setting and adjustment of lappers. Calculations in connection with lappers. The revolving flat card. Its principal parts described, including feed, licker, cy Under, doffer, coiler, screens and flats. Different setting arrangements. Speeds of different parts. Top flat cards, roller and clearer, and other cotton cards. Clothing, grinding, setting and stripping cards. 102. Cards and Drawing Frames. Study of the card continued. The railway head as used either independently or combined with sections of cards. Single and double railway heads. Eveners, draft calculations, metallic and other rolls. Method of arranging and constructing drawing frames. The use and objects of the frame. Gearing, weighting, stop-motions, varieties of rolls, etc. 103. Roving Frames, Spinning Frames and Twisters. Slubbers. First and second intermediates. Roving or jack frames. The construction and use of the fly frame. Description and use of the different parts. Calculations in connection therewith. Changing and fixing frames, etc. The spinning frame. Its construction and use. Its principal parts, such as creels, rolls, rings, travelers, speeds, builder motions, etc. The objects of twisting. Wet and dry twisting. The direction and amount of twist in different ply and cord threads; different methods used in preparing yarn for twisting. Size of rings and travelers for different counts of yarn. Methods of winding, speeds and production. 33 104. Doubling and Drafting. Figuring the number of doublings and drafts from picker to spinning frame or mule. Calculations for schedules of machinery required for different counts and amounts. Cost and production of yarn. Practice work consists of carrying work through picker to spinning frames. 105. Combers and Mules. The sliver and ribbon lap machines. Construction of American and English machines. Methods of operating same. Setting and adjusting same, and calculations in connection therewith. The cotton comber. The construction of the comber, its use and objects. Comber setting. Comber calculations. Operation and man- agement of combers. The spinning mule and its uses. The special features of the mule. Description of the head stock, the cam shaft, mule carriage and other parts. The construction and use of each part of the mule. Different movements in the mule and the timing of the same. The copping rail and the building of a cop. Faults in mule spinning and their correction. 106. Tests. Original work in laying out processes for different counts of yarn, and carrying the same through from raw cotton to finished yarn. Tests for different processes. 107. Raw Cotton. Raw cotton. Its varieties. The cultivation of cotton. The prepara- tion of cotton for the market. Cotton ginning. Cotton as an article of commerce. The selection of cotton, its suitability for different purposes. 111. Plain Looms. The construction of the plain loom. The principal movements in weaving. Methods of shedding. Shedding motions. Shedding by cams. Auxiliary shafts. Varieties of cams. Construction of cams. Timing cams and effect on the cloth. Picking motions. Different methods of picking. Shuttles. Shuttle boxes. Shuttle guards. Protector motions. Reeds. Let-off motions. Take-up motions. Calculations in connection with take-up motions. Filling-stop motions. Temples. The various makes and their uses. The Draper loom. Special features of its construction. 34 Automatic shuttle and bobbin changing looms. Special features of various makes of looms, including Crompton & Knowles, Kilburn & Lincoln, Whitin, Mason and Stafford looms. The management, operation and fixing of looms. Putting in warps. Faults and remedies in weaving and fixing. Calculations directly con- nected with plain looms. Looms adapted to weave twills and satins. Electrical and mechanical warp stop-motions. 112. Fancies. Looms adapted to weave fancy cloth with dobbies. Dobbies with single and double cylinders. Chain pegging for dobbies. Tying in and starting up warps for which the student has worked out some design. 113. Box Looms. Looms for the use of various colors of filling. Drop box motions. Box chain multipliers. Multiplier motions. Still box motion. 114, 115. Special Loom Attachments. Dobby looms combined with other motions for special purposes, such as looms adapted to weave lenos, checks, blankets, handkerchiefs, towels and other goods. 116. Jacquards. The principle of construction of Jacquards. Single and double lift Jacquards. Jacquard machines with one and two cylinders. Harness lines. Lingoes. Comber boards. Tying up Jacquards. Cross border and other Jacquard machines. 121. Yarn Calculations. Definitions. Calculations for finding length, weight or counts of single yarns, whether cotton, woolen, worsted, silk, etc. Ply yarns. 122. Spoolers, Warpers and Slashers. Various methods of preparing cotton warps. The spooler, its use and construction. Production per spindle. Spindle speeds. Builder motions. Thread guides. Different makes of spoolers . The operation and setting of the spooler. Warpers. The object of the warper. Its construction and operations. Speeds, settings, etc. Warpers with and without cone drive. Warper slow motions. Faults in warping and their correction. 35 The slasher. Its use. Construction of the different parts of the slasher. Sizing or dressing yarns. Materials used. Methods of mixing same. Suitable materials for various purposes. Preparing the warp for the loom. The construction of reeds and harnesses. Variations from the above system for special purposes, such as used in gingham and other mills. 131. Designing. Definitions of the words and terms used in designing and analysis. Characteristics of the various classes of fabrics. Design paper and its application to designing and analysis. Cloth structure, with a study of the various sources from which the patterns of fabrics are obtained. Twills. Wave effects. Diamonds. Sateens. Granites. Checker- boards. Rearranged twills. Figured twills. 132. Designing. Designs for single fabrics continued, such as honeycombs. Mock and imitation lenos. Entwining twills. Spot weaves arranged in various orders. Cord weaves. Imitation welts. Elongated twills. Check effects. Corkscrew weaves. Four change system of designing. Damask weaves. 133. Designing. Designing for more complicated fabrics, such as figuring fabrics, using extra material. Fabrics backed with extra material. Fabrics having the face and back of different material or pattern. Double plain fabrics. Reversible fabrics. Embossed effects, such as Bedford cords, piques, Marseilles weaves. 134. Designing. Designing for leno, pile and lappet fabrics, such as methods of obtain- ing leno patterns. Mechanical appliances for the production of lenos, yoke and jumper motions. Bottom doups. Top doups. Check lenos. Jacquard leno effects. Weaving with wire doups. Weaving with the bead motion. Russian cords. Full turn lenos. Pile fabrics, such as velveteens, corduroys, velvets, plushes, carpets, terry toweling. Lappet weaves. Description of the various lappet motions. Design- ing for original lappet effects. Reproduction of woven lappet patterns. Chain drafts. Locking motions. Spot effects. 36 135. Jacquard Designing. Design paper. How to figure the design paper necessary to reproduce any Jacquard pattern. Defects of Jacquard patterns and how to avoid them. Transferring designs to plain paper. Transferring sketches to design paper. Changing the sley of Jacquard fabrics. Method of casting out. Ground weaves. Rules for finding sley, pick, warp and filling. Foundations upon which Jacquard patterns are based. 136. Jacquard Designing. Different methods of making designs. Sketching original designs by the different methods commonly used. Working out the sketches upon design paper. Cutting cards on the piano card-cutting machine. Card lacing. Weaving of at least one original design. Method of weaving Jacquard leno designs. Mechanisms required in weaving Jacquard lenos. Making Jacquard leno designs. Harness tying. Various systems of tying Jacquard harnesses. Lay- over ties. Center ties. Compound ties. i 145. Color. Theory of colors. Complementary colors. Hue, value and chroma scales. Practical work in color scales. 146. Color. Munsell system of coloring. Color harmony, color effects. Analyz- ing color effects. Practical work in making sequences and in producing colored designs. 151. Analysis. Standard methods of representing harness and reed drafts. Harness drafts on design paper. Written harness drafts. Chain drafts. Lay- out plans. Finding weight of warp yarns, weight of filling yarns. Yards per pound of cloth. 152. Analysis. Finding counts of warp and filling by various methods. Finding yards per pound of cloth from a small sample by weighing. Making original designs and weaving them on the power loom. Reproduction of woven samples. 153. Analysis. Analyzing more difficult samples. Finding average counts. Per- centage of each material. Production of loom. Price per yard for weaving. Weaving of more difficult original designs. 37 154. Analysis. Analysis of leno fabrics, making both written drafts and harness drafts on design paper. Chain drafts. Weaving of original leno de- signs. Changing the construction of fabrics and preserving balance of structure. 155. Analysis. Analysis of more difficult samples continued. Weaving of original samples. Work on changing over samples to different constructions. 156. Analysis. Continuation of the work outlined in 155. Weaving of students' original Jacquard designs. Work on cost of manufacturing fabrics. 157. Commission House Work. Study of fabrics known as standard goods, such as prints, percales, satins, lawns, organdies, chambrays, voiles, etc. Figuring to obtain material for the reproduction of cloths of standard construction. Methods of ascertaining counts of warp and filling; also sley and pick for new fabrics. Determining the manufacturing cost of fabrics. Working out sketches and writing specifications for new fabrics. 161. Hand Loom. The hand loom, its construction and use. Harness drafts as affecting the weave. Building harness chains. Practice on the hand loom in weaving fabrics from original and other designs, and putting into practice the designing lessons. 171. Mechanics. The fundamental principles of mechanics and physics, with special reference to practical uses in textile machinery and to future applica- tion in the engineering courses, are given in a series of lectures. Prac- tical problems illustrating these principles are worked out in the class- room. A study is also made of the strength and nature of the different materials used in machine construction. Textbook: ''Practical Mechanics," Hale. 38 172. Mechanical Drawing. Tho object of this course in meohanica] drawing is fco give the studenl a good foundation for reading drawings and for making such sketches and drawings as he will be likely lo be called <>n to make in praotioe. Thoroughness, accuracy and neatness are insisted upon throughout the course. The work in mechanical drawing begins with instruction in the use and care of drawing instruments. The following is a general outline of the work to be covered: plain lettering, geometrical constructions, Orthographic and isometric projection, inking and tracing, standards, conventions and tabulation as used in the modern drafting room. Simple working drawings are to he made to scale, and t he final work of the year consists of free-hand sketching of machine details from parts of textile machinery. This brings into use at one time all the work covered during the year, and serves as a test of the student 's grasp of the subject.. 173. Mechanism. In view of the large number of mechanisms used in textile machinery this course is a very important one. The subject is given by means of lectures and recitations, the work in the drawing room being closely related to the classroom instruction. This course includes studies and graphical solutions pf cams, gears, c\c. 174. Machine Shop. Shopwork and drawing are organized as one department for the pur- pose of securing close correlation of the work. Many exercises are common to the drawing room and the shop. In the machine shop an effort is made, not only to train the student manually, but also to teach him correct shop methods and practice. Carefully graded exercises are arranged to teach him the use of measuring instruments, hand fools and then machine tools. The different measuring tools and devices, with advantages, methods of use and limits of accuracy of each, are considered. Each cutting tool is takes up, its (aiding angles and general adjustments are described, together with the "feeds" and cutting speeds suitable for each material worked and for each machine. The course includes instruction in centering, squaring, straight and taper turning and fitting, outside and inside screw (Milting, chucking, reaming, finishing and polishing, drilling, tapping, grinding, boring, planing flat and V surfaces, filing and gear (ait ting, including spur, bevel, rack and worm gears. When the student becomes proficient in handling the tools and machines, he is given work in fitting and assembling, and also repair work from the other departments. a u h bo g 2 § W T3 OS bo s > O K bo — o ~ G o eS - 0) Q bo a g c •A c at bo 39 175. Machine Drawing. Machine drawing is a continuation of the mechanical drawing of the first year, and the work is dependent upon a thorough knowledge of how to apply the conventions of drawing which custom has made standard as given during the first year. The work consists of propor- tioning of machine details as fixed by practice, making assembly draw- ing from detailed sketches, and also detailing parts from assembled machines. 176. Steam Engineering. A typical power plant, including the boiler, steam engine and all necessary auxiliary apparatus such as is found in a modern cotton mill, is studied in detail. Prepared outlines are discussed in lecture periods, and the details supplied by the student after reading assignments in standard text and reference books. Practice is given in handling en- gines, apparatus and equipment in the laboratory. Exercises consist in adjusting, starting and running engines, taking and working out indicator cards, prony brake tests, pump and injector tests, etc. 177. Electrical Engineering. The elementary principles of magnetism and electricity are taken up in lecture and recitation, and are supplemented by laboratory exercises. Emphasis is placed on the different wiring systems and electric drives as used in mills and factories. A general study is made of a typical electrical power plant, and of the apparatus required to generate and distribute electrical energy. Textbook: "Essentials of Electricity," W. H. Timbie. / 178. Mill Engineering. Proficiency in this course depends on the thoroughness with which the work of the previous courses was carried on. The course consists of lectures supplemented by work in the drafting room. Problems in design, construction and equipment of mills and factories are taken up. The subject includes foundations, walls, floors, roofs and mill construc- tion in general. The choice of location and the methods of transmitting power are discussed. The following outline shows the scope of the course: principles underlying the design and construction of framed structures, involving the use of wood, steel, brick, stone, concrete and reinforced concrete, methods of lighting, ventilating and protecting from fire. 40 179. Figuring Costs. One and a half hours a week, during the last term of the general course, is devoted to methods of cost finding in a cotton mill. A com- plete mill is taken for an illustration, and the reports of both the expense and production are used to work with. 181. General Chemistry. This course comprises two lectures of forty-five minutes each and ten and one-quarter hours of laboratory work each week. The lab- oratory work is closely criticized by the instructor, and individual effort encouraged. Careful manipulation, thoroughness in observation, accuracy in arriving at conclusions and neatness are required of each student. The fundamental principles of the science are taught in con- nection with the descriptive chemistry of the elements. No previous study of chemistry is required for admission to this course, but the instruction is so arranged that students having already spent considerable time in chemistry in other schools are given ad- vanced work in which the knowledge already acquired is utilized. Textbook: Smith's ''General Chemistry for Colleges." 182. General Chemistry. The training afforded by a course in general chemistry is considered of value to all the students of the school, and also lays the foundation for the subsequent course in dyeing. Hence students taking courses in the cotton or knitting departments are required to take general chemistry during the first term of the first year. Tins subject covers the same ground as subject 181, but in a briefer manner. Five hours per week are spent in the laboratory, and one hour in the lecture and recitation room. A few of the simpler organic compounds are also studied. Textbook: Morgan and Lyman's ''Chemistry." 183. Inorganic Preparations. The time in this subject is devoted largely to laboratory work, with an occasional explanatory lecture. First the student is taught the best methods of carrying on the usual laboratory operations, as forming of crystals, precipitates, filtering, evaporating and drying. This is fol- lowed by the preparation of several salts and industrial products, sub- stances being selected that are of particular interest to the textile in- dustry. The work is progressive in subject-matter, and so arranged as to be co-ordinate with the subject of general chemistry. 41 191-192. Qualitative Analysis. This course comprises one lecture and one recitation period of three- quarters of an hour each and seven and one-quarter hours' laboratory work a week during the first term of the first year. The student is taught the principle of systematic qualitative analysis and the applica- tion of the principles to detect the base-forming elements, the acid- forming elements, and the various classes of compounds of the bases and the acids. Especial attention is paid to the inorganic materials ordinarily met with in the manufacture, dyeing and finishing of cotton piece goods. The student is required to analyze correctly a sufficient number of unknown substances to demonstrate his ability to detect any of the elements ordinarily met with. Textbook: Xoyes' "Qualitative Analysis." 202. Quantitative Analysis. This course comprises one lecture a week, the remainder of the time being devoted to laboratory practice. The first part of the term is spent in simple gravimetric determination of chlorine, sulphuric, car- bonic and phosphoric acids, and iron, aluminum, calcium and mag- nesium. The last part of the term is devoted to volumetric determina- tions involving the use of acids, alkalis, oxidizing and reducing agents, and chlorimetry. Great stress is laid on the accuracy and integrity necessary for quantitative work. Each student is required, under super- vision of the instructor, to adjust his own balances and calibrate all burettes, flasks and pipettes he uses, that he may understand the nature and amount of error in his work, thus giving him confidence in his results. In connection with this course a thorough training in the solution of chemical problems is given. The use of reference books is encouraged, and each student is trained to consider each original analy- sis from the various points of view possible. Textbook: Talbot's "Quantitative Analysis." 212. Organic Chemistry. This course is divided into two terms, the first term giving a general survey of the subject, a thorough training being given in the reactions and properties of the various compounds met with in textile industries. The two lower members of the paraffines and their derivatives are ex- haustively treated. Then the study of the higher members is taken up, the unsaturated hydro-carbons and their derivatives, especial at- tention being given to the members met with in the artificial dyestuffs. Textbook: Moore's " Organic Chemistrv." 42 213. Organic Chemistry. The work of the second term is devoted exclusively to the study of dyestuffs and their preparation. The constitutions of various typical dyestuffs are studied to determine their influence on coloring power, dyeing properties and fastness to light, acids, alkalis, bleaching, etc. In the limited time afforded, the number of dyestuffs studied is nec- essarily limited, but the training is made so thorough that the student is enabled to take up further investigation intelligently should his future work demand it. 222. Textile Chemistry and Dyeing. These subjects open with a study of the chemical and physical tech- nology of the fibers. Lectures are given descriptive of the action of heat, moisture, acids, alkalis, oxidizing agents, reducing agents, salts, organic ferments and coloring matter upon the fibers. Parallel with these lectures laboratory experiments are carried out by the performance of which the student becomes familiar with the chemical and physical properties of the various fibers and the actions of the several agents upon them. This is followed by a series of lectures and experiments that illustrate the application of the above principles to practice. The student is taught how to scour cotton, wool and silk; how to bleach these fibers by the use of sulphur dioxide, chlorine compounds and oxygen com- pounds. The mercerizing, fireproofing and waterproofing of cotton, the chlorination of wool, and the waterproofing of silk are also demonstrated. Now the application of the dyestuffs to the various fibers is studied. For convenience the dyestuffs, whether of natural or synthetic origin, are classed as either substantive, acid, basic or mordant. The best method of application of each of the above groups is then taught. The dyed fibers are tested for their fastness to light, water, acid, alkalis, milling, stoving, chloring, crocking and hot finishing. Modified methods are then considered for the production of especial degrees of fastness to certain agents by after-treating of the dyed fibers. 223. Dyeing. This course is supplementary to the course in textile chemistry and dyeing, and consists principally of the study of the various methods of applying dyestuffs the properties of which so differ that a modified method of application is required. Under this head are treated the developed, sulphur, vat, acid afterchromed, chromotrope, eosine, alkali blue, rhodamine, janus, polyhuic mordant, and pigment dyes. Further, the properties of the dyed fibers and the value of each dyestuff for a specific purpose are studied. 3 s bo a •pH O 03 a - ft © Q bo 3 •i-i 3 •i-i - in ■o - bo s - o 43 At the end of the course the general principles of cotton matching are taken up, and experimental work is carried on demonstrating the proper method of obtaining a given shade by mixing several dyes. Obtaining the value of a dye is taught, and the detection of adulterants. Finally, methods for determining the dye, either in the form of a dye- stuff or on the dyed fabric, are considered. The lectures during this term are mainly descriptive of the convert- ing of gray cotton piece goods into the finished state. Machinery used in connection with the processes of singeing, bleaching, scouring, mer- cerizing, drying, mangling, dyeing, starching, tentering and calendering is explained. The effect of each machine upon the properties of the fabric is studied. Some time is devoted to the consideration of the use of starches, filling agents, soap and oil, and the filling, softening and stiffening action they produce. The student is required to take notes during these lectures, and from such notes write for his own reference a complete text on the subject. In this connection he is encouraged to consult various standard works to amplify his knowledge of textiles. Samples acquired in connection with the laboratory practice are mounted and bound with the above notes, which they serve to illustrate. 224. Dyeing. The laboratory work of this term is mainly devoted to the printing of textile fabrics, especial emphasis being laid on cotton. The theory and practice of the various styles, such as the pigment style, the direct printing style, the steam style or metallic or tannin mordants, resist and discharge dye styles, the developed azo style, the printing of indigo and similar dyestuffs and aniline black, are studied. The student makes as many different prints as the time will allow. The course is concluded by experiments illustrating the practice of mercerizing cotton fabrics and a study of the various functions of the various stiffening and soften- ing agents used to produce the different finishes required by the trade. The lecture course during this term covers practically the same ground as the laboratory work, especial emphasis being laid on the mercerizing and finishing of cotton yarns and cloth. During the entire course the student accumulates several thousand samples which he is required to mount in a specially designed sample book for his reference in the future. Special stress is laid on quality rather than quantity of work done. As often as time permits and circumstances demand it, lots of yarn, hosiery, etc., of commercial size are dyed by the students for other departments. 225. Dyeing. Construction and operation of jiggers. Speed of operation. Penetra- tion of solutions used. Selection of dyestuff. Preparation of dye liquor. Dyeing, washing and after-treating. 44 Construction of dye padders. Selection of materials for rolls. Speed of machines. Penetration of materials. Selection of dyestuffs. Wash- ing off. After-treatment. 226. Dyeing of Knit Goods. The object of this course is to give the student an opportunity to dye commercial size lots of knit goods and hosiery. Lectures describing the various processes are given, and the necessary calculations are taught in connection with this course. Scouring and bleaching are also taught. The student is required to make use of knowledge acquired in the previous courses in dyeing. 233. Textile Chemistry I. This subject comprises a study of the properties and analysis of water, coal, oil, soap, mordants and other chemicals used in the textile industries. One lecture of forty-five minutes' duration is given each week, and frequent conferences are held with the student in the lab- oratory. The student is required constantly to consult standard books of reference in connection with his laboratory work. While the limited time devoted to this course does not give enough time for the student to make many complete analyses, it does illustrate to him the application of the knowledge acquired in the previous subjects of qualitative and quantitative analysis and organic chemistry. 234. Textile Chemistry II. This subject deals with starches, sizing and softening compounds, and textile fabrics. The commercial methods of obtaining the above substances, their usual composition and application, is discussed in lectures. The laboratory work consists of the analysis of typical com- pounds, obtained from the consumers when possible. The detection of the various starches and fibers by the microscope is taught, and their separation and estimation by chemical methods. Sizing and loading of fabrics is also discussed. This course is very practical in its applica- tion, and accurate work is required. 235. Finishing of Cotton Fabrics. The object of this course is to give to the designer a knowledge of the various methods used in finishing, and the effect of the same on the appearance and construction of the fabric. Simple methods of distin- guishing between different fibers and finishes, filled and pure starched cloths, are taught. The instruction is given by means of one lecture a week and two hours' laboratory practice. 45 240. Singeing. Construction of machine. Function of air pump. Adjustment of gas. Speed of operation. Singeing for a face finish. Singeing for a body finish. Determination of best conditions for a particular cloth. 241. Scouring. Construction of kiers. Methods of circulation. Packing of goods. Time of boiling. Washing down. Use and operation of washing ma- chines. Choice of scouring agent. 242. Bleaching. Construction of chemic vats and cisterns. Application of bleaching solution to the goods. Squeezers. Piling down. Precautions to prevent tendering action of bleaching agent. Washing. Use of "Antichlors." Openers and scutchers. Selection of bleaching agent. 245. Mercerizing. Construction of mercerizing machine. Design of tenter clips. Proper tension in tenter frame. Removal of caustic by washing. Neutraliza- tion of last traces. Selecting of mercerizing agent. Variation in condi- tions to suit cloth treated. 250. Drying. Preparation of goods for drying. Importance of proper mangling. Construction and operation of a mangle. Construction of the drying cylinders. Mechanical limits of speed of operation. Best speed in view of results obtained on goods. Static electricity and its grounding. Construction and use of tenter frames. Methods of heating, direct and indirect. Direction of air currents in relation to that of the cloth. Conditions giving the most rapid drying; the best width. Choice of tenter clip for a specific purpose. 255. Calendering. Types of calenders and various finishes obtained. Construction of a simple calender, friction calender, chasing calender, Schreiner and em- bossing calenders. Speeds and conditions governing the operation of the above machines. Use of scrimp bars and stretchers. Gas and steam heating. Metallic rolls, fibrous rolls, and finishes produced by them. Care of rolls. Use of water. So-called permanent calender finishes. Use of beetles and hot presses for preparation for calendering. Top finishing. 46 260. Putting up. Inspection of goods for faults. Classing as firsts, seconds, thirds and remnants. Yarding by flat folding, by rolling machines. Construction and operation of these machines. Various folds and put-up required by the several trades. Ticketing, banding and papering. Assortment in cases and storage of goods. 269. Thesis. Each student who is to graduate from the course in chemistry and dyeing must devote twelve hours per week during the last half of his third 3'ear to original work, and at least one week before graduation must submit to the principal of the department a thesis of not less than two thousand words based upon the results of his own investigations. 271. Winding and Rib- top Knitting. Winding and preparation of cotton, lisle, wool, worsted and silk yarns for running on rib-top, rib-leg and hosiery knitting machines. Construction of circular rib-top knitting machines, principle of circular latch-needle knitting, setting and adjusting of different makes of machines. Rib-top knitting on 12, 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 gauge needle machines, with cotton, lisle, wool, worsted and silk yarn. 272. Rib-leg Knitting. Rib-leg machines, with knee and ankle splicer, chain and chainless measuring devices. Rib-leg knitting. Different classes of ribs, lace effects, spliced knee and ankle, for children's, boys' and misses' stockings. Plaiting. Silk yarn on cotton and worsted yarn, also worsted on cotton yarn, for rib tops and rib legs. 273. Hosiery Knitting. Principle of latch needle seamless hosiery knitting. Constructing, setting and adjusting three-quarter, seven-eighth and full automatic hosiery machines. Knitting on three-quarter automatic hosiery machines, cotton and wool stockings, fine split sole, hose and half hose. Seven-eighth automatic hosiery machine, medium and fine gauge hose and half hose. 47 Knitting men's half hose, ladies' hose; footing children's, boys' and misses' rib legs. White feet and black legs ladies' stockings, double sole, reinforced heel and toe; plaited hose and half hose with white heel and toe, fancy lace effects, on full automatic hosiery machines. 274. Hosiery Finishing. Hemming and embroidering stockings. Looping, mending and singe- ing. Boarding, drying and pressing. Inspecting, pairing, stamping, folding and boxing, keeping stock and handling boxed goods. Method of handling and keeping track of goods through the mill. Cost of manufacturing different classes of seamless hosiery from yarn to box. 281. Winding and Knitting Cuffs and Sleeves. Winding and preparation of the different classes of yarns used in the knitting of underwear. Construction of circular latch needle rib cuff machines, two feed automatic tuck and plain sleevers, with slack course and welt attach- ments; the principle of plain and tuck stitch knitting. 282. Underwear Knitting. Knit to shape ladies' underwear on latch-needle circular rib body machines; different principles of this class of knitting. Construction and adjustment of the machines to knit cotton, lisle, worsted and silk yarns; different methods of plaiting on these machines. 283. Underwear Knitting. Knitting plain 1 & 1 cloth for cut-to-shape union suits and fancy rib cloth for ladies' underwear on plain latch needle body machine. Latch needle, balbriggan, plain web knitting for plain and fancy stripes, in light-weight underwear. Rib cuff and shirt borders knitting on circular latch needle rib border and cuff machinery. Spring needle circular rib knitting. A new principle of knitting extra fine cloth for underwear. 284. Underwear Finishing. Cutting men's shirts and drawers, ladies' vests, infants' wrappers, children's, bojV and misses' vests and union suits. Looping, seaming and finishing of underwear in detail. 48 Fixing and adjusting of the principal styles and makes of sewing machines used in the manufacture of underwear. Method of handling the goods in process of manufacture from yarn to box. 293. Miscellaneous Knitting. Knitting fine French balbriggan cloth, worsted and merino cloth, single and double plush cloth, for fleeced-lined underwear, made on spring needle frame. Sweater knitting, with racked rib and cuffs, pineapple stitch and fancy-colored effects, on circular rib machines. Full-fashion sweater knitting on the Lamb full-fashion, hand-power machine. Knitting golf gloves on the Lamb hand-power machine. Different processes of finishing balbriggan, worsted, merino, and fleeced cloth into underwear ready for market. 294. Knitting (Optional to Third-year General Students). To those students of the general course who desire some information on knitting machinery, the school offers this option during the last year. The aim of this work is to give to the student an insight into the class of work for which a large part of the yarn in a yarn mill is made. The different types of knitting machines are studied, and in each case the effect upon the machine and fabric of imperfect yarn is gone into carefully. 300. Picking, Carding and Roving. Cotton yarn mill machinery. Machines required for making different numbers or counts of yarn. Picking Room. — Bale breakers or openers, their use and how operated. Automatic feeders, their construction, methods of setting and ad- justing; evener motions, calculations. Openers, their use and object. The different kinds used and the class of cotton for which they are best adapted. The different kinds of beaters used, and the speeds at which they should run. Cleaning trunks, their uses and operation. Breaker, intermediate and finisher lappers. Different style and makes of machines. The construction and operation of the different parts, setting and adjusting the different parts, and arranging the speeds to give the best results. Calculations for speeds, drafts, weights and production on the different machines. Cards. — The different kinds of cards used; their construction and operation. 49 The revolving flat card. Its principal parts. Different methods of setting, different settings for different classes of work. The speeds of the different parts, and their effect on the quality of the work produced. Construction of card clothing. Clothing cylinder doffer and top flats. Stripping and grinding cards. Grinding and testing top flats. Covering grinding rolls. Splicing driving ropes and belts. Calculations for speeds, drafts, production, per cent of waste, etc. Roving Frames. — The different processes used. The construction and use of the roving or fly frame. Speeds of the different size frames and the different parts of the frame. The different styles of differentials used and their object. Cone drums. The effect of the shape of the cones on the running of the frames. Leveling and adjusting roving frames. Balancing flyers, and the effect of unbalanced flyers on the running of the frame. The effect of draft and twist on the quality and quantity of the work produced. Roller setting. Calculations for speeds, draft, twist, tension and lay. Calculations for differentials, cone drums and productions. 301. Special Knitting. Operations preliminary to knitting. Winding, cone winding, bob- bin winding. Development of knitting. Emitting needles. Construc- tion and operation of latch and spring needles. Knitting on circular and flat machines. Study of the results of uneven, mixed and other- wise imperfect yarns in the knitting process, and the effect upon the machine and fabric. 302. Drawing Rolls and Drawing Frames. Ring Spinning. Doubling and Drafting. Drawing Rolls. — The different kinds of rolls used, their construc- tion, methods of covering, setting and adjusting for different kinds of work. Clearers for drawing rolls. Drawing Frames. — The railway head and evener draw frame. The construction and arrangement of drawing frames. Different methods of gearing, weighting and stop-motions for draw frames. Calculations for speeds, drafts, dividing drafts, production, etc. The Ring Spinning Frame. — Its construction and use. The con- struction and adjustment of the different parts, such as spindles, rings, travelers, rollers, builder motions, etc. Making bands. Comparing different drives for spindles. Twist in yarn, its effect on strength and production. Calculations for speeds, drafts, twist and production. 50 Doubling and Drafting. — Laying out drafts and weights at the different machines from picker to spinning frame for making different numbers of yarn. Calculating the number of machines required at the different processes to produce a required amount of yarn of different numbers. Calculating the labor cost of making roving or yarn, using different methods. Calculating the effect of draft at the different machines on the pro- duction and cost of the yarn made. 303. Combing and Mule Spinning. Sliver and ribbon lap machines. Construction of the different ma- chines. Methods of setting and operating same. Combers. — The different kinds of combers used; their speeds and productions. Comber setting and adjusting and methods of operating. Roll varnishing. The percentage scale and its use. Practice work in setting and operating the different combers. Calculations for speeds, drafts, productions, etc., on the lap ma- chines and combers. Mules. — The spinning mule and its uses. The special features of the mule. Description of the construction and operation of the different parts of the mule. Calculations for speeds, drafts, etc., and all calcula- tions required in making changes. Practice work in laying out and carrying through the work for making different counts of yarn from the raw stock to the finished thread. 304. Twisting and Cotton Classing. The Object of Twisting. — Different styles of twisters used. Wet and dry twisting. Direction of twist. Effect of twist on the strength, weight or counts. Preparing yarn for twisting. Making ply threads, cords, cordonnet and sewing threads. Sizes of rings and spindle speeds for different threads. Calculations for speeds, twists and productions. Cotton Classing. — Different species of cotton plants. Cultivation of cotton. The different varieties of cotton and the class of goods for which they are best adapted. Cotton picking, ginning, baling and marketing. The selection of cotton for different classes of goods. Cotton grading and stapling. Practice work in running work from raw stock to spinning and twisting. u <D xn w bo O — - a Q o '3 a u - a <D ■~ Pui a u a 51 305. Test Work and Roller Covering. Test Work. — Testing different classes of cotton and comparing results for waste removed and strength of yarn made. Testing differ- ent methods of handling cotton, using different speeds; drafts and numbers of processes used and comparing results. Roller Covering. — Covering top roll and under clearers. Cutting, piecing, drawing on, burning down and burnishing. 306. Yarn Testing and Comber Reneedling. Yarn Testing. — Testing yarns for weight or counts, breaking weight (skein or single) . Inspecting yarn, testing for moisture, amount of twist in single or ply yarn. Testing for contraction in single yarn; for contraction or expansion in ply threads. Testing for elasticity. Comber Reneedling. — Cleaning off, setting needles, soldering on, building half laps, polishing and finishing same. Practical work in running tests through the machines. TEXTBOOKS AND LECTURE SHEETS USED IN THE SCHOOL. Chemistry Department. Morgan and Lyman's " Chemistry/' Noyes' " Qualita- tive Analysis/' Talbot's "Quantitative Analysis/' Moore's "Outlines of Organic Chemistry," Blanchard's "Synthetic Inorganic Chemistry," Smith's "General Chemistry for Colleges." Mechanical Department. "Practical Mechanics," Hale; W. H. Timbie's "Essen- tials of Electricity." Other Departments. No textbooks are used in the departments other than those named above. Lectures are prepared by the heads of the departments covering the work in detail, multi- graphed, and sold to the students at cost. These, with design books, design pads and notebooks, constitute the working material to be provided by students. 52 EVENING CLASSES. Evening instruction, similar to the day, on the same machinery and by the heads of the day departments as- sisted by practical skilled men from the mills, is given for the benefit of workers in local mills and machine shops. The instruction in the evening classes is divided into sec- tions so as to give the greatest possible facilities to the students in these classes. Certificates are granted to all students in the evening classes who have successfully completed the equivalent to two years' work, two evenings a week. The certificate states the subjects that the student has passed in, and the length of time he has devoted to the work. Evening students are enrolled at the commencement of both the fall and spring terms. The subjects taken up in the different evening courses follow the detailed topics as specified on pages 53 to 55. Students enrolling in the regular Chemistry and Dyeing Course are required to make a deposit of $5 for breakage. In case the breakage caused by any student does not equal the amount of his deposit, the balance is returned to him at the end of the school year. The school is in session four evenings a week for twenty- four weeks, — Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, from 7.30 to 9.15 for all classes except those taking the Chemistry and Dyeing Course. Those classes are held three nights a week, — Monday and Tuesday, from 7 to 9.30, and Thurs- day, from 7.15 to 9.15. For terms of admission, see page 58 of this catalogue. 53 COURSES OF INSTRUCTION, EVENING CLASSES. Carding and Spinning Department. Picking and Carding: one term, two evenings a week. Advanced Picking and Carding: one term, one evening a week. Combing: one term, two evenings a week. Drawing and Roving Frames: one term, two evenings a week. Advanced Drawing and Roving Frames: one term, one evening a week. Ring Spinning and Twisting: one term, two evenings a week. Mule Spinning: one term, two evenings a week. Cotton Sampling: one term, one evening a week. Advanced Calculations in Carding and Spinning: one term, one evening a week. Weaving and Warp Preparation Departments. Spooling, Warping and Slashing: one term, two evenings a week. Automatic Loom Fixing: one term, two evenings a week. Plain Loom Fixing: one term, two evenings a week. Fancy Loom Fixing: one term, two evenings a week. French, Portuguese and Polish Classes in Loom Fixing. Advanced Calculations in Weaving: one term, two even- ings a week. Warp Drawing for Women: one term, two evenings a week. Designing Department. Elementary Designing: one term, two evenings a week. Advanced Designing: one term, two evenings a week. Elementary Analysis: one term, two evenings a week. Advanced Analysis: one term, two evenings a week. Jacquard Designing: one term, two evenings a week. 54 Knitting Department. Special Knitting: two evenings a week each term. Engineering Department. Mechanical Drawing: one year, two evenings a week. Machine Drawing: one year, two evenings a week. Descriptive Geometry: one term, two evenings a week. General Engineering Drawing: one term, two evenings a week. Machine-shop Practice: one year, two evenings a week. Advanced Shop Work: one year, two evenings a week. Steam Engineering, Boilers: one term, one evening a week. Steam Engineering, Engines: one term, one evening a week. Electrical Engineering, Elementary Electricity: one term, two evenings a week. Electrical Engineering, Direct Current Machinery: one term, one evening a week. Electrical Engineering, Alternating Current Machinery: one term, one evening a week. Chemistry Department. General Chemistry: one year, one evening a week. Qualitative Analysis: one year, one evening a week. Quantitative Analysis: one year, one evening a week. Organic Chemistry: one year, one evening a week. Textile Chemistry I: one year, one evening a week. Textile Chemistry II: one year, one evening a week. Dyeing I: one year, one evening a week. Dyeing II: one year, one evening a week. Dyeing III: one year, one evening a week. Converting Cotton Piece Goods: one year, one evening a week. 55 Mathematics. Cost Finding: one term, two evenings a week. Arithmetic: one term, two evenings a week. Mill Calculations: one term, two evenings a week. Evening Diploma Courses. The school diploma will be granted to those students of the evening classes who successfully complete the work specified under the following courses : — I. Carding and Spinning. — Picking and Carding, Drawing and Roving Frames, Combing, Ring Spinning and Twisting, Mule Spinning, Cotton Sampling, Advanced Cal- culations in Carding and Spinning, Mechanical Drawing, Advanced Drawing. II. Weaving and Designing. — Spooling, Warping and Slashing, Plain Weaving and Fixing, Fancy Weaving and Fixing, Elementary Designing and Cloth Construction, Advanced Designing and Cloth Construction, Jacquard De- signing, Cotton Sampling, Mechanical Drawing, Advanced Drawing. III. Chemistry and Dyeing. — General Chemistry, Qualitative Analysis, Quantitative Analysis, Organic Chem- istry, Textile Chemistry I, Textile Chemistry II, Dyeing I, Dyeing II, Dyeing III, Mechanical Drawing, Advanced Drawing. Courses for Women. Several courses are open for women in both the day and evening classes, and a number have pursued them success- fully. They are as follows: — Textile Designing. Chemistry and Dyeing. Cost Finding. Cotton Sampling. Warp Drawing. 56 GENERAL INFORMATION. CONDITIONS OF ADMISSION TO DAY CLASSES. Candidates for admission to the regular day courses must be at least sixteen years of age. Those who have been stu- dents of other technical institutions, colleges or universities are required to furnish a certificate of honorable dismissal from those institutions. Candidates having a graduate's certificate from a high school or other educational institu- tion of equal standing are admitted without examination. Other applicants for admission to courses other than the Chemistry and Dyeing Course are required to undergo ex- aminations in arithmetic, English, and commercial geog- raphy. Candidates for the Chemistry and Dyeing Course are required to pass, in addition, examinations in elementary algebra and plane geometry. A candidate, whether desiring to be enrolled on certifi- cate or by passing the entrance examination, must fill out an application blank, which should be delivered at the school as early as possible before the opening of the year. Applicants desiring to take up special studies in the school may be admitted, provided their applications are approved by the President. Such students shall be known as specials, and, upon satisfactory completion of their work in the school, shall be given certificates stating the work they have covered and the time they have been in attendance. No applicant is admitted to the regular courses of the school after the first four weeks unless he has already cov- ered the work of the school for the time preceding the date of his application; nor shall any change in any student's course be made after the first four weeks of admission ex- cept by permission of the President. 57 ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS FOR DAY STUDENTS. The examinations for those desiring to enter the school at the opening of the fall term of 1921 will be held at the school only, on Wednesday, June 15, and on Friday, Sep- tember 9, at 9 a.m. The detailed topics dealt with in the entrance examina- tions are as follows : — Algebra, to quadratics; geometry, plane geometry. Re- quired for admission to Chemistry Course only. Arithmetic. Definitions, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, factors, multiples, cancellation, fractions, decimals, percent- age, interest, ratio and proportion, square root, compound quantities, mensuration, metric system. English. The candidate will be required to show his ability to spell, capitalize and punctuate correctly; to show a practical knowledge of the essentials of English grammar, a good training in the construction of the sentence, and familiarity with the simple principles of paragraph division and structure. He will be required to write a business letter, and one or more short articles on subjects assigned from which he may select. Ability to express himself clearly and accurately will be considered of prime importance. Commercial Geography. Farm products of the United States, where raised; our mines, and where located; our manufactures, and where established; our exports, and to what countries; our imports, and from what countries; our transportation facilities. 58 CONDITIONS OF ADMISSION TO EVENING CLASSES. Candidates for admission to evening classes must be at least fourteen years of age. Those desiring admission to the chemistry department and the steam and electrical departments must pass exam- inations in arithmetic and English, as prescribed for admis- sion to the day classes. Those desiring to enter any of the courses in the other departments must satisfy the head of the department which they desire to enter that they have sufficient knowledge to be benefited by the instruction offered. FEES. Day Students. — No tuition fee is charged day students who are residents of Massachusetts. For non-resident stu- dents the fee is $150 a year, payable in advance in two equal installments, — at the opening of the fall term and at the end of the first semester. No student shall be ad- mitted to the classes until his tuition is paid. No fees are refunded except by special action of the Board of Trustees. The above fee includes admission to any of the evening classes in which there is accommodation, and which the day students may desire to attend. A deposit of $10 is required of all day students taking the regular Chemistry and Dyeing Course. A deposit of $5 is required of students taking chemistry in connection with any other course. This deposit covers cost of any breakage that may occur. Any unexpended balance is returned at the end of the year. To non-resident students a further charge of $10 for chemicals is made. Students are required to supply themselves with such books, tools and materials as are recommended by the school, and pay for any breakage or damage that they may cause in addition to the above-named fee. A fee of $3 is charged each day student, to be used for assisting in the maintenance of athletics in the school. o o '- © > © i >> u ~ eg bo = •pH o 03 © - a © Q bo - - 59 Evening Students. — No tuition fee is charged evening students. Students enrolled in the Chemistry and Dyeing Course are required to make a deposit of $5 for breakage. In case the breakage caused by any student does not equal the amount of his deposit, the balance is returned to him at the close of the school year. Evening students are re- quired to supply themselves with such books and materials as are recommended by the school, but this charge is small. SCHOOL HOURS. The school hours for the day classes are from 8.30 to 12 each morning except Saturdays, with afternoon sessions from 1.30 to 4.30 except Saturdays. For sessions of even- ing classes see page 52. EXAMINATIONS, CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS. Written examinations are held twice a year, and other tests from time to time to determine the standing of stu- dents in their work. The final examination is held at the end of the spring term. Results of these examinations, together with the student's marks recorded from recitations, practical demon- strations and student's books, are taken into account in ranking students at the end of each year and for gradua- tion. Unsatisfactory progress necessitates the student's repeating his studies. Diplomas are given on the satisfactory completion of a course of study extending over a period of three years in connection with each course, if the student's record is otherwise satisfactory. Students taking special courses, in most cases, are en- titled to a certificate if they honorably and satisfactorily complete the course of instruction scheduled. Day students are required to spend as much time daily out of school hours in study, such as recording lectures and other notes, as may be necessary to maintain proper stand- 60 ing. The students' books are examined by the instructors periodically, and the care and accuracy with which they are kept is considered in ranking students. CONDUCT. Students are required to conduct themselves in an orderly and gentlemanly manner while in attendance at the school. When the conduct of any student is considered by the President of the school detrimental to its best interests, he will be suspended by him and the case reported to the Board of Trustees for action. Any student who presents at any time work as his own which he has not performed, or tries to pass an examination by dishonorable means, shall be regarded as having com- mitted a serious offence. Students shall exercise due care in the use of the school apparatus and machinery. All breakages and accidents must be reported at once to the instructor in charge, and the student will be held liable for any willfu) damage or the result of gross carelessness. ATTENDANCE. . Day students taking the regular courses are required to attend every exercise of the school; special students, every exercise called for by their schedules. For every case of absence or tardiness students must present an excuse to the President. A certain number of unsatisfactory excuses will render the student liable to suspension and further action if cause is sufficient. When the attendance of an evening student is unsatis- factory he will render himself liable to be dropped from the school. 61 BOARD AND ROOMS. New Bedford is unusually desirable as a residential city, and students will find numerous houses of private families and boarding houses where they may obtain room and board. No requirements are made as to residence of out-of-town students, although facilities are given by having addresses of suitable houses on file at the school. No definite estimate can be made of the cost, as this depends entirely on the tastes of the student, but board and room may be obtained for from $12 per week upwards. TOOLS AND MATERIALS. Students are required to purchase such materials, text- books, tools and apparatus as may be required from time to time by the school authorities, or make deposits on such as are loaned to them. The supplies required vary with the courses for which the students enter, the cost being from S15 to $25 per year. LIBRARY. The school maintains a library that contains all the best works on carding and spinning, weaving, designing, knitting, dyeing and mechanics; also a consulting encyclopedia and an international dictionary. Catalogues and pamphlets dealing with machinery or processes related to textile work are also on file, as are all the leading textile journals and trade papers. The students have access to the library during school hours. ATHLETICS. The school has an athletic association, and. the students participate actively in various sports and games. There are several athletic fields open to the students for their out- door sports. The management of the school will give all 62 reasonable encouragement and support to the furtherance of healthful recreation and manly sports for its students. For fee for same see page 58 of this catalogue. THE WILLIAM FIRTH SCHOLARSHIP AT THE NEW BEDFORD TEXTILE SCHOOL. The donation of William Firth, Esq., has established a scholarship at the New Bedford Textile School, primarily for the benefit of a son of a member or of a deceased mem- ber of the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers, furnishing to the recipient of such scholarship $120 a year for the course. Candidates for this scholarship must apply by letter only, addressed to the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers, P. O. Box 3672, Boston, Mass. The candidates must be at least sixteen years of age and furnish certificates of good moral character, and those who have been students of other technical institutions, colleges or other universities are required to furnish certificates of hon- orable dismissal from such institutions. Those applicants conforming to the above conditions are nominated by the Board of Government to the New Bedford Textile School, and the selection of the candidate for the scholarship is made as the result of an examination held at New Bedford, Mass. Every candidate, previous to the examination, must file an application at the school for admission, agreeing to observe the rules and regulations of the school. Candidates are eligible for any of the courses included in the curriculum of the school. In case the son of a member or of a deceased member of the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers does not apply for the scholarship, any person eligible for entrance to the school may make application. This scholarship will not be available until the fall of 1922. bo W <D P bo C O J3 O 03 A » P bo g '2 bo 03 <e P 63 THE MANNING EMERY, Jr., SCHOLARSHIP AT THE NEW BEDFORD TEXTILE SCHOOL. The donation by the Passaic Cotton Mills Corporation and its employees of the sum of S3, 000 has established a scholarship at the New Bedford Textile School, primarily for the benefit of the employees of the Passaic Cotton Mills Corporation and in accordance with an indenture entered into between the above-named Passaic Cotton Mills Cor- poration and its employees and the Trustees of the New Bedford Textile School. In default of any application from an employee of the Passaic Cotton Mills Corporation who is deemed by the Trustees of the New Bedford Textile School as qualified to enter that institution, the Trustees of the New Bedford Textile School may, at their discretion, nominate, with the approval of the Passaic Cotton Mills Corporation, some other person to be the beneficiary of this scholarship. Such applicants must comply with such reasonable regulations and conditions as said New Bedford Textile School may from time to time adopt in relation thereto. From said applicants one shall be selected by the Trus- tees of the New Bedford Textile School as a beneficiary of said scholarship. This scholarship is available for the year beginning Sept. 12, 1921. THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COTTON MANU- FACTURERS' MEDAL. The National Association of Cotton Manufacturers offers a medal to be awarded each year to the student in the graduating class who shows the greatest proficiency in schol- arship. This is determined by an examination of the records of the students' progress throughout their studies, which are recorded and reported upon by the instructors and kept permanently on file. The competition for this medal is open to all day stu- 64 dents who graduate in the Complete Cotton Manufacturing Course, or to evening students who have completed studies comprised in that course and graduated therein. The asso- ciation offering the medal has made it a condition of the award that at least four members of the graduating class be eligible to the competition. 65 EQUIPMENT. COTTON CARDING AND SPINNING DEPARTMENT. This department occupies nearly the entire first floor of the machinery building, and has approximately 9,000 square feet of floor surface. The equipment is large and diversi- fied, enabling the students to become acquainted with prac- tically all the leading makes of machines found in the carding or spinning departments of cotton mills. A special feature of the equipment is the large number of models of the principal parts of the different machines in this department. These models are so mounted that the different settings and adjustments can be made equally as well as on the machine itself, and thus enable the student to grasp more readily the essential points, since the parts are much more readily accessible. The department is humidified by the system of the American Moistening Company. Picker Room. 1 Carver cotton gin. 1 Kitson roving waste machine. 1 Kitson automatic feeder and beater section. 1 Kitson opener and breaker lapper. 1 new Kitson lapper. 1 Howard & Bullough finisher lapper. 1 extra Kirschner beater for lapper. 1 porcupine beater for instruction purposes. 1 section cleaning trunk. Carding and Spinning Room. 1 Mason card. 1 Howard & Bullough card. 1 Saco & Pettee card. 66 1 Hetherington card. 1 Potter & Johnston card. 1 Whitin card. 1 Whitin sliver lap machine. 1 Hetherington sliver lap machine. 1 Whitin ribbon lap machine. 2 Whitin combers. 1 Hetherington comber. 1 Nasmith comber. 1 Montfort comber. 1 Mason railway head. 1 Saco & Pettee improved railway head. 1 Saco & Pettee draw frame. 1 Howard & Bullough draw frame. 1 Woonsocket draw frame. 1 Whitin draw frame. 1 Woonsocket slubber. 1 Woonsocket second intermediate. 1 Providence first intermediate. 1 Howard & Bullough second intermediate. 1 Dobson & Barlow fine roving frame. 1 Saco & Pettee fine roving frame. 1 Whitin spinning frame. 1 Howard & Bullough spinning frame. 1 Saco & Pettee spinning frame. 1 Fales & Jenks spinning frame. (Motor-driven.) 1 Fales & Jenks special spinning frame for experimental work. 1 Mason mule. 1 Hetherington mule. 2 Draper twisters. 1 Draper banding machine. 1 Fales & Jenks twister. (Motor-driven.) 1 Dronsfield card flat grinding and testing machine. 1 Dronsfield card clothing machine. 1 Hetherington camless winder. 1 Universal winder. 1 Foster doubling winder. Equipment for roll covering and comber reneedling. Testing Machines. 1 Moscrop single thread tester. 2 Goodbrand thread testers. 1 Goodbrand conditioning and testing machine. 1 Goodbrand inspecting machine. 67 2 Goodbrand yarn reels. Knowles yarn balance. Brown & Sharpe yarn scale. Goodbrand roving reel. Brown & Sharpe roving reel. Percentage scale. Goodbrand picker lap scale. Bausch & Lomb microphotographic machine. Torsion balance. Comins electric psychometer. Sling psychometer. inspection cabinet, conditioning closet (dry), conditioning closet (wet). twist counters with contraction and expansion attachment. Scott twist counter, thread splicer. Models. case English spinning and twisting spindles. case American spinning and twisting spindles. Howard differential motions. Dobson & Barlow differential motion. Woonsocket differential motion. Asa Lees differential motion. Howard & Bullough roving frame builder motion. Woonsocket roving frame builder motion. Whitin spinning frame builder motion. Draper twister builder motion. Nasmith nipper frame. Nasmith cylinder. Providence roving frame swing motion. WEAVING AND WARP PREPARATION DEPARTMENT. This department occupies all of the second floor of the machinery building and two rooms on the third floor, and contains about 11,000 square feet of floor area. The equip- ment is very complete, and includes sufficient machinery to enable each student to obtain all the practical experience required in connection with his studies. All of the latest machinery is represented in this equipment, and as the machinery is made especially for use in the school it fully meets the needs of the students. The list of machines is as follows : — 68 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain cam loom. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain and 3-harness cam loom. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain and 4-harness cam loom. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain and 5-harness cam loom with mechanical warp-stop motion. 4 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain looms. 1 Whitin plain and 3-harness cam loom. 1 Whitin plain and 4-harness cam loom. 2 Whitin plain and 5-harness cam looms. 4 Draper automatic bobbin changing looms. 1 Mason standard print cloth loom. 1 Mason plain and 5-harness cam loom. 2 Whitin 25-harness dobby looms with leno and 2 by 1 box motions. 3 Whitin 25-harness dobby looms with leno motion. 1 Whitin 20-harness dobby loom. 2 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 2-bar lappet looms. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) gingham loom, 4 by 1 box. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) gingham loom, 6 by 1 box. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 25-harness dobby loom. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20-harness dobby loom with No. 13 multiplier. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 12-harness dobby towel loom with 3 by 1 box motion. 1 Stafford (Providence) 20-harness dobby loom with leno motion. 1 Stafford (Providence) 25-harness dobby loom with leno motion. 1 Stafford (Readville) automatic shuttle-changing loom. 1 Stafford 25-harness dobby loom. 1 Stafford (Readville) automatic shuttle-changing loom, with 20-harness dobby. 1 Stafford (Providence) 25-harness dobby loom with leno motion. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20-harness dobby loom. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20-harness double cylinder dobby loom. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20-harness dobby loom with mul- tiplier. 2 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 25-harness dobby looms with leno motions. 3 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 25-harness dobby looms with leno and 2 by 1 box motions. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) rise and drop Jacquard loom with 200 hooks. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) double-lift Jacquard loom with 300 hooks. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) double-lift Jacquard loom with 400 hooks. a o o a o o I -a e = bo ? o en — - - bo d G ho — m <D Q 69 3 Kilburn & Lincoln 25-harness dobby looms. 1 Stafford (Readville) 25-harness dobby loom. 1 John Royle & Sons card-cutting machine. 4 Whitin looms. 4 Crompton & Knowtes (Providence) looms. 1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) automatic, 2 by 1 box, gingham loom. 8 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) looms. 16-harness dobbies, low motions for two sets doups and 2 by 1 box motions. The four Whitin and the four Crompton & Knowles looms noted above were constructed for the school and are fitted with auxiliary shafts. They are supplied with extra cams for plain or twill and satin cam work, and are to be used for taking down and setting up, timing and setting, etc. 6 dobbies. (These dobbies have been especially constructed for the school, and are mounted on benches. They can be driven by hand and are to be used for taking down and setting up, timing and setting, etc.) There are also models for demonstrating leno motions, box motions, warp-stop motions, etc.: — 12 Drawing-in frames. 1 Draper spooler. 1 Easton & Burnham spooler. 1 Entwistle warper. 1 Entwistle ball warper. 1 Entwistle beamer. 2 Draper warpers. 1 Whitin reel. 1 Universal bobbin winder. 1 Howard & Bullough slasher. 1 Goodbrand, size "B," cloth-testing machine to test to 700 pounds. DESIGNING DEPARTMENT. The design classroom is located on the third floor of the recitation building, and is a large, well-lighted room con- taining all the appliances necessary for instruction in this important subject. Special attention has been given to the method of lighting this room to give the best results, and the desks are made with special reference to the needs of the student of designing. 70 The hand loom work is located in a large room on the third floor of the machinery building. This room contains twenty-eight hand looms adapted to the use of students in experimental work, and in putting into practice the theory of designing, and also to enable them to produce certain of the designs that they are taught in the designing class. The room is well lighted by a saw-tooth roof. MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT. Instruction in the mechanical department is carried on in five different rooms located in various parts of the new building. These rooms are arranged and fitted out with apparatus to meet the needs of the students following this course. The department is subdivided into the following sections: mechanical drawing, textile engineering and ma- chine-shop work. Mechanical Drawing. The drafting room is located on the second floor of the new building, and is well lighted by northern and western exposures. It is equipped with independent drawing tables and lockers for the drawing boards and materials. For the students' use in connection with their drafting instruction there is a collection of models, mechanical apparatus and machine parts. On the third floor there is a swinging blue- print frame mounted on a track, and a large, dark room fitted with modern conveniences for blue printing. Steam and Electrical Engineering. Instruction in steam and electrical engineering is given both in theory and practice. The theoretical part of the course is carried on in a large recitation room on the second floor, while the practical side is studied in the engineering laboratory in the basement of the new building. The lab- oratory is supplied with steam direct from the boiler room, and also has gas and water connections. For the study of electricity there is provided a source of alternating current at 110 volts and 220 volts pressure. 71 Machine Shop. This department occupies about 2,800 square feet of floor surface on the first floor of the recitation building. The machinery is electrically driven and the equipment modern. The laboratory equipment consists of the following apparatus: — Engineering. 1 12 inch by 24 inch Wetherill Corliss engine. 1 5-horsepower vertical steam engine. 1 gasoline engine. 1 2 1 k.w. compound wound special laboratory converter. 1 boiler feed water heater. 1 oil separator. 1 3 inch by 2 inch by 3| inch duplex feed pump. 1 4| inch by 2f inch by 4 inch feed pump and receiver. 1 small model steam power plant. 1 gauge tester. 1 direct-current volt ammeter. 3 alternating current ammeters. 1 current transformer. 1 wire resistance frame. 1 lamp resistance frame. 2 arc lights. 1 portable wattmeter. 1 portable voltmeter. 1 portable ammeter. 1 tachometer. 1 calorimeter. 1 polar planimeter. 1 type N Metropolitan injector. 1 portable switchboard. 3 1000-watt single phase transformers. 1 2 k.w. direct-current generator. 1 5-horsepower induction motor. 1 rheostat. 2 steam engine indicators. 1 prony brake. 1 Universal lecture table galvanometer. 1 platform counter scale. 1 blue-print frame and blue-print trimmer. 1 42 by 60 blue-print machine. 1 drafting machine. A large assortment of minor apparatus and tools. 72 Machine Shop. 15 engine lathes. 1 speed lathe. 1 20-inch drill. 1 20 inch by 2\ inch water tool grinder. 1 12 inch by 2 inch emery grinder. 1 plain grinder. 1 Greenfield Universal grinder, complete. 1 8 inch by 20 inch miter trimmer. 1 Universal shaping machine. 2 16-inch shaping machines. 2 Universal milling machines. 1 24 inch by 6 inch planer. 1 power hack saw. 1 scroll saw. 1 gas forge. 1 cutter and twist drill grinder. 1 portable electric tool post grinder. 2 machinists' work benches equipped with vises. 1 tool cabinet containing small tools. 1 belt lacer. 1 Universal milling attachment. 1 10-inch circular milling and dividing attachment. 1 slotting attachment and set of tools. 1 indexing attachment. 1 rack cutting attachment. 1 toolmaker's vise. 1 portable electric hand drill. 1 No. 4 Reed "Barr" single sensitive spindle drill. Drafting Rooms. 37 drawing tables fitted with cabinets. 14 adjustable drawing tables. 39 stools. CHEMISTRY, DYEING AND FINISHING DEPARTMENT. This department occupies about 13,600 square feet, situ- ated in the basement and on the first and third floors of the recitation building. This space is divided into six labora- tories, a lecture and recitation room, a reading room and office for the principal of the department, and two store- rooms. The general chemistry and dyeing laboratory is a large, well-lighted room, 63 feet 6 inches by 20 feet, on the — u a ft - bo <D - >» u >» O — - o - - bo © 73 first floor, and is especially designed to meet the needs of the students in the general courses. This laboratory is equipped with forty-two double desks in rows of three desks each. At the end of each row is situated the sink and dya bath. Along the wall, on the opposite end, are the hoods. For the students taking the special course in chemistry, two special laboratories are provided. These two labora- tories occupy a space 40 feet by 17 feet, the main part of which is devoted to the chemical laboratory. On the north- ern exposure is a small laboratory for photometric, micro- scopic and gravimetric work. In the main special labora- tory each student has desk space, 2 feet by 8 feet, and his own desk, dye bath and draught hood. Conveniently lo- cated are a large drying oven, four 10-gallon dye kettles, and one 20-gallon dye kettle. This laboratory is equipped at each desk with gas, water, steam, blast and suction in order that the student's work may be carried on with the utmost celerity conducive to the best results. The labora- tory for converting cotton textiles is located in the base- ment. It contains all the machines necessary to demon- strate in practical proportions the operations involved in singeing, scouring, bleaching, mercerizing, dyeing, drying and calendering of cotton piece goods. This room is lighted in the best possible manner, and all matching of dyed goods is done under specially corrected electric light. The following is the equipment of the department : — 1 polariscope. 1 spectroscope. 1 water still, Jewell No. 2. 3 Richards air pumps. 4 drying ovens. 1 power air blast and lamps. 7 analytical balances. 1 set gas apparatus according to Hempel. 1 flash point tester for oils. 1 Rabe turbine water tester. 1 furnace. 1 Emerson calorimeter. 1 electric oven. 74 3 microscopes. water heater. autoclave. Spencer microscope No. 5, triple nose piece, objectives 16, 4, on 1.8 oil immersion, mechanical stage. Spencer rotary microtome with one knife and three objective disks. Campbell-Hurley calorimeter, for accurate comparison of color solu- tions. electric drying oven, 110- volt, with accurate temperature control. Spencer high power microscope lamp. triple beam balance. Richards blower. Orsat gas apparatus. thermometer for flue gases. ^-inch Tagliabue self-operated temperature controller. r^dro-extractor. 26-inch Tolhurst extractor. 1-horsepower motor. 5-horsepower motor. Westphal balance. balances for general laboratory work. Franklin dyeing machine, complete. Hussong dyeing machine. Files system for drying cans. large water baths for analytical work. hydrogen-sulphide generator. combustion furnaces. Scott's viscosimeter. table for electrolytic work. wash singer comb. Dinsmore portable sewing machine. 12-horsepower, 4-speed motor. peroxide of sodium vats, 5 pounds' capacity. carboy inclinators. power grinding mill. Munsell photometer with special attachment for measuring daylight. 6-horsepower motor, variable speeds. set apparatus for instructor's laboratory. single-burner gas singer complete, with aid pump and spark extin- guisher. experimental piece mercerizing machine. 40-inch jigs equipped with rubber-covered beam rolls and special squeeze roller. 6-cylinder horizontal drying machine, cylinder of standard diameter, and complete with folder and special Files exhausting device. 1 2-roll husk combination and chilled iron steam-heated calender, equipped with expander and special moistening device. 1 3-roll padding machine, equipped with rubber-covered rolls and special interchangeable boxes for dyeing, starching or mer- cerizing, complete with folder. 1 100-pound Jefferson kier. 1 30-foot automatic tentering machine with Butterworth patent auto- matic clamp chain, having nickel plates and nippers with nickel inserts; machine equipped with Butterworth patent vibratory motion and two steam coils. Arranged also with compensator and washers so as to be convertible into a piece- mercerizing range. 1 set rubber-covered squeeze rolls and stand, adjustable, to be used at jigs, drying cans, or at either end of tentering frame. 1 high top cloth folder. 52 double desks with reagent bottles. 90 sets of apparatus for instruction in general chemistry. 50 sets of apparatus for instruction in qualitative analysis. 1 portable motor station. 30 sets of apparatus for instruction in quantitative analysis. 25 sets of apparatus for instruction in organic chemistry. 40 sets of apparatus for instruction in experimental dyeing and printing including — 4 gas-heated dye kettles, 10 gallons' capacity. 1 gas-heated dye kettle, 20 gallons' capacity. 4,000 samples of dyestuffs. 14 12-hole dye baths. 6 28-hole dye baths. 1 large drying chamber. 1 printing machine. 1 wooden dye beck. , 1 steaming chest. 1 copper color kettle. KNITTING DEPARTMENT. The knitting department occupies two large connecting rooms on the top floor of the machinery building, and con- tains about 6,600 square feet of floor area. The equipment is very complete, there being a greater number of machines and a larger variety than can be found in any similar school in the world. The work that has been produced by the students of this department has received high praise from some of the leading experts in the knitting trade, the hosiery and underwear taking especially high rank. 76 The list of machines in this department is as follows : — Excelsior cloth dryer. Ballard electric cloth cutter. Beattie 16-point, 2-thread looper. Beattie 22-point, 2-thread looper. Koehler 20-point looper. Brinton 4-inch, 84 and 160 needle rib-top machine. Brinton 3f-inch, 108 and 188 needle rib-leg machine. Brinton 4-inch, three-quarter automatic hosiery machine. Brinton 16-inch automatic body machine. Brinton 4£-inch, 320-needle welter and automatic knee and ankle splicing rib-leg machine, with Wildman stop-motion. Brinton 3^-inch, 160-needle full automatic footer. Crane 36-gauge spring needle machine. Crane 15-inch spring needle rib-body machine. Crane 19-inch body machine equipped with Crawford 12-end stop- motion. Hemphill Manufacturing Company 3f-inch, 200-needle automatic hosiery machine. Hemphill Manufacturing Company 3|-inch, 220-needle full auto- matic hosiery machine. Hemphill Manufacturing Company Banner automatic footer. Huse winders. Jenckes full automatic hosiery machines. Jones hosiery and underwear brusher. Lamb sweater machine. Lamb glove machine. March & Crawford 2-end stop-motion. March & Crawford 4-end stop-motion. March & Crawford 16-end stop-motion. Mayo 3^-inch, 200-needle full automatic footer, with high-splice and double-sole attachment. Mayo full automatic hosiery machine with yarn changer. Mayo 3^-inch striper. Mayo full automatic hosiery machines. Merrow, Style 60D, 3-thread trimming and overseaming machine. Merrow, Style 60H, 2-thread trimming, overseaming and hemming machine. Merrow, Style 60ED, 3-thread overedging machine. Merrow, Style 15A, 2-thread plain crochet machine. Merrow, Style 35B, shell-stitch crochet machine. Metropolitan Sewing Machine Company's machine for sewing on lace. Metropolitan, Style 30 T. C, toggle trimmer. Payne winder. 77 10 dozen Pearson hosiery boards. 1 Hurricane stocking and underwear dryer. 1 hosiery press. 1 Scott & Williams 3|-inch welter, 176 and 200 needle rib-top machine. 1 Scott & Williams 3f-inch striper, 176 and 180 needle rib-top machine. 1 Scott & Williams 4|-inch welter, 180-needle rib-leg machine. 1 Scott & Williams 4|-inch welter, 216-needle rib-leg machine. 1 Scott & Williams 4j-inch welter, 276-needle rib-leg machine. 1 Scott & Williams 4|-inch welter, 300-needle rib-leg machine, with Crawford stop-motion. 1 Scott & Williams 3f-inch, 2-feed sleever, 220-needle machine, with Crawford stop-motion. 1 Scott & Williams 4|-inch, 2-feed sleever, 264-needle machine, with Crawford stop-motion. 1 Scott & Williams 10-inch, 4-feed automatic body machine, 8 by 10 cut. 1 Scott & Williams 13-inch, 8-feed automatic body machine, 10 cut. 1 Scott & Williams 20-inch Swiss rib machine, cut 12 to inch, with Crawford stop-motion. 1 Scott & Williams model K 3|-inch, 220-needle, full automatic hosiery machine. 1 Scott & Williams model G 3|-inch, 220-needle, full automatic half- hose machine. 1 Scott & Williams model B-3, 2§-inch, 120-needle, full automatic machine for infants' hosiery. 1 Scott & Williams top-finishing machine. 1 Scott & Williams 20-inch balbriggan machine, cut 16 to inch. 1 Scott & Williams 20-inch rib-border machine, cut 14 to inch, with Crawford stop-motion. 1 Scott & Williams 3|-inch, 160-needle, seven-eighths automatic footer. 1 Scott & Williams bar-stitch machine. 1 Scott & Williams chain machine. 1 Scott & Williams 12-point looper. 1 Singer No. 44 lock-stitch finishing machine. 1 Singer No. 24 chain-stitch finishing machine. 1 Singer twin needle taping machine. 1 Singer No. 32-29 eyeletting machine. 1 Singer No. 68-7 button sewer. 1 Singer No. 79-1 drawer strapper. 1 Stafford & Holt 14-inch fancy sweater machine. 1 Standard Sewing Machine Company's buttonhole machine. 1 Tompkins knitting table, 22 and 36 gauge. 1 Union Special Machine Company flat bed twin needle machine. 1 Union Special Machine Company collarette machine. 1 Union Special Machine Company button-facing machine. 1 Union Special Machine Company seaming machine with Dewees trimmer. 78 1 Union Special Machine Company toggle grinder. 2 Union Special Machine Company twin needle covering machines. Union Special Machine Company drawer finishing machine. Union Special Machine Company hemming and seaming machine. United Shoe Machinery Company eyeletting machine. Wildman 3f-inch, 2-feed striper and fancy pattern machine. Wildman necktie machine. Wildman 3§-inch ribber with selvage welt and striper. Wildman 3§-inch selvage welt machine. Wildman 13-inch automatic 8 and 12 cut body machine. Wildman 4|-inch sleever. Wildman 18-inch Swiss rib machine with Crawford stop-motion. Wildman 4j-inch, 216-needle, rib-leg machine. Wright 22-point looper. Universal cone winder (super cone), 12 spindles. Universal cone winder (regular), 6 spindles, ^-horsepower motor, f-horsepower motor. Wildman 4|-inch, 272-needle, rib-leg machine with lace attachment (Wildman machines equipped with Wildman stop-motions). Skevington floating thread cutter. Foster Machine Company cone winder, 16 ends. Saco & Lowell Camless winder. POWER, HEAT AND LIGHT PLANT. For some years the school manufactured its power and light, but owing to the growth of the school plant it became necessary either to make a large expenditure for a new power plant or to purchase power and light. The latter plan was determined upon. The following equipment is still retained in this depart- ment: — 1 Stirling 105-horsepower water tubular boiler. 1 B. & W. 155-horsepower water tubular boiler. 1 Foster shaking grate. 1 Dillon shaking grate. 1 Deane 4f inch by 2f inch by 4 inch duplex double outside packed plunger steam pump, connected to a receiver tank. 1 Deane 4| inch by 3 inch by 5 inch single steam pump. 1 National 100-horsepower feed water heater. 1 Atwood and Morrill damper regulator. 1 Sturtevant 75-horsepower horizontal center crank engine. 79 1 Westinghouse 50 k.w., 220-volt, 3-phase, alternating current gen- erator, direct connected. 1 Westinghouse 4 k.w., 125-volt, direct-current generator. 1 General Electric 9£ k.w., 125-volt, direct-current generator. 1 General Electric recording wattmeter. 1 W. S. Hill 4-panel switchboard equipped with 9 Wagner indicating ammeters, 2 Wagner indicating voltmeters, 1 Thomson 50 k.w. 3-phase integrating wattmeter, 2 direct-reading k.w. meters, 14 Wagner current transformers, 1 Westinghouse combination rheostat, 1 General Electric combination rheostat, 2 Condit Elec- trical Manufacturing Company's 250-volt circuit breakers, all nec- essar3 r switches, bus bars, etc. 2 wing turbine fans for forced draft. 1 Cockrane oil separator. 2 Steam separators, 1 reducing valve, 1 back-pressure valve, 1 oil filter, 1 blow-off tank. 2 Anderson No. 3 high-pressure steam traps. 5 Nason low-pressure steam traps. 3 Stirling low-pressure steam traps. 1 Reliable electric vacuum pump. 1 Ash elevator. 1 Sturtevant heating and ventilating outfit. 1 American moistening outfit. 9 General Electric induction motors, equipped with oil starting switches. 2 Westinghouse motors. 80 GRADUATION EXERCISES. The graduation exercises for the school year 1919-20 were held in the hall of the school Thursday evening, June 17, 1920. PROGRAMME. Overture, "Lustspiel," ...... Kcler-Bela Olympia Studio Orchestra. Prayer. Rev. Frederick A. Wilmot. Opening Address. William E. Hatch, President of the Board of Trustees. Selection, "Flo-Flo," S to Hein Olympia Studio Orchestra. Address. Frank W. Wright, Deputy Commissioner of Education of the Commonwealth. Selection, "Pique Dame Overture," .... SuppS Olympia Studio Orchestra. Presentation of Diplomas and Certificates to Graduates of Day and Evening Classes. William E. Hatch, President of the Board of Trust < Presentation of the Medal of the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers. James Thomson, Vice-President, National Association of Cotton Manufacturers. Selection, "Angel Face," Victor Herbert Olympia Studio Orchestra. 81 GRADUATES — 1920. Diploma Courses — Day Classes. General Cotton Manufacturing. Joao B. de Moraes Carvalho. John Wilde Ruggles. Robert F. K. Lock. Salvato Salvati. Allen Knight Remington. Yuan Shee Yen. Victor Hamilton Yu. Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing. Lloyd Barnard Robbins. Lloyd Henry Winnell. Designing. Merton Herbert Bates. Diploma Courses — Evening Classes. Carding and Spinning. Kenneth A. Flanders. Certificate Courses — Day Classes. Three-year Course. Louis B. Service. One-year Course. Pej'ton Rowan. Leo Freeman. Julian H. Morrison. Robert Houston Jewell. Pharus T. Kelty. King Kong Zung. Antonio R. Martins, Lyman A. Hanrick. Thomas S. Ko. George Abraham Snedden. * 1 Out of Course. 82 Theses Presented. Starches: Their Application and Stiffening Effects in Cotton Industry. Lloyd B. Robbins. Identification of American Dye-stuffs. Lloyd H. Winnell. Certificate Courses — Evening Classes. Ethel F. Almada. George W. Almond. Alfred Belanger. Albert Bernache. Alfred E. Bolton. Louis T. Boroski, Jr. Edward J. Carroll. Henry G. Carse. Milton G. Cleveland. Ernest M. Crossley. Bertrand E. Davies. Malcolm J. Delancy. Edward J. Donaghy. Leon F. Dumas. Alfred J. Gibbs. Ralph S. Gifford. Francis E. Harrington. Charles P. Kurz. Albert Lees. Alvin J. Long. Two Years. Wilfrid P. A. Martineau. David L. Masse. John McAlpine. John H. McCartney. Richard A. Nixon. Maryan Olemberski. Edna Oliver. John Polchlopek. William H. A. Ravenscroft. William H. Richards. Frederick Roberts. Antone Rodil. Peter Rudnik. Lester T. Sherman. Leonard C. Simmonds. Michael Such. Amos G. Taylor. John F. Ward. Alex Yanashevicz. Alexander Zukowski. Andrew Bauer, Jr. John Beatty, Jr. Walter E. Channing. John T. Curry, Jr. Arthur Dalbec, Jr. James Farren. Frederick Garlington. John Poulton. Three Years. Solomon Rusitzky. Peter Townley. Thomas Townson. Frank Trojan. George W. Tyrer. John A. Valentine. Ray S. Wilbur. Charles Wilmot. 83 Joseph Bellino. Delphis Desnoyer. George C. Gartside. Four Years. Arthur O'Leary. Frank Preston. James L. Shepley. Edward Wunschel. Five Years. William Ken worthy Six Years. 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CO _c > % cq O eX S eX 3 3 n 3 3 a a X CO 2 3 a ex eX 3 ~ •« -3 (1 - oJ ej c Q - - 3 n a - a r. 3: o o a CO 3 S3 sx - — a 4 I i NEW BEDFORD TEXTILE SCHOOL New Bedford, Mass. APPLICATION BLANK FOR ENROLLMENT IN DAY CLASSES I hereby make application for admission to the day classes of the New Bedford Textile School. Date .....192 Name in full Age last birthday Home residence Name of parent or guardian... Name of school last graduated from State in what way you first learned of the school.. Mark X Against Course Desired General Cotton Manufacturing Course Designing Course Chemistry and Dyeing Course Carding and Spinning Course Seamless Hosiery Knitting Course Latch Needle Underwear Knitting Course Special Course in The above application should be filled out and mailed, or delivered, to THE NEW BEDFORD TEXTILE SCHOOL New Bedford, Mass.