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EW BEDFORD TEXTILE 
SCHOOL 



CATALOGUE 



1923 



1924 



NEW BEDFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 
1171-1219 PURCHASE STREET 



CATALOGUL 



(K3» 



New Bedford Textile 

School 

NEW BEDFORD, MA55. 
1923-1924 




Publication of this Document 

approved by the 

Commission on Administration and Finance 



THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 



OFFICERS OF THE BOARD. 

ABBOTT P. SMITH, President 
FREDERIC TABER, Treasurer. 
JAMES 0. THOMPSON, Jr., Clerk. 

TRUSTEES. 

Ex officio, His Honor WALTER H. B. REMINGTON, Mayor. 
Ex officio, Dr. PAYSON SMITH, Commissioner of Education. 
Ex officio, ALLEN P. KEITH, Superintendent of Schools. 

Term expires June 30, 1924- 

JOSEPH W. BAILEY, Agent, Butler .Mill. 

LEWIS E. -BENTLEY, Former Superintendent, New England Cotton Yarn 

Company. 
WILLIAM E. HATCH, Former President, New Bedford Textile School, de- 

ceased. 
CHARLES M. HOLMES, Treasurer, Holmes, Gosnold & Page Mills. 
JAMES 0. THOMPSON, Jr., Agent, New Bedford Cotton Mills Corporation. 

Term expires June 30, 1926. 

JOHN L. BURTON, Agent, Nashawena Mills. 

THOMAS F. GLENNON, Agent, Quissett Mill. 

JOSEPH H. HANDFORD, Assessor, City of New Bedford. , 

JOHN SULLIVAN, Agent, Taber Mill. 

FREDERIC TABER, President, Taber Mill. 

Term expires June 30, 1925. 

CHARLES 0. DEXTER, Agent, Beacon Manufacturing Company. 

Hon. SAMUEL ROSS, Secretary, Mule Spinners' Union. 

ABBOTT P. SMITH, Director, Quissett, Taber, Soule, Butler, Nemasket and 

New Bedford Cotton Mills Corporation. 
FRED W. STEELE, Treasurer, Booth Mill. 
GEORGE WALKER, Overseer, Mule Spinning, Nashawena Mills. 




bo 



3 

CI 

.£* 

o 



ADMINISTRATION AND INSTRUCTION. 



ADMINISTRATION. 

Abbott P. Smith, 
President. 

William Smith, 
Principal. 

Feederic Taber, 
Treasurer. 

Maud L. Clark, Chief Clerk. 
Ellen Broadmeadow, Bookkeeper. 
Irene Goulart, Junior Clerk. 

INSTRUCTION. 

Heads of Departments. 

Daniel H. Taft, 
Carding and Spinning. 

William Acomb, 
Warp Preparation and Weaving. 

Samuel Holt, 
Weaving and Designing. 

Lewis G. Manning, 
Knitting. 

Fred E. Busby, S.B., 

Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing. 

Morris H. Crompton, 
Engineering and Mechanical Drafting. 

Instructors. 

Frederick Garlington, Stephen R. Moore, 
Designing and Weaving. 

Adam Bayreuther, 
Machine-shop Practice. 

Wm. T. Walton, 

Mechanical Department. 

Raymond R. McEvoy, Frank Holden, 
Carding and Spinning. 

Albert H. Grimshaw, Abram Brooks, Everett C. Glover, 
Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing. 

John F. Judge, 

Engineer. 

John P. Rooney, Robert Wilson, Jr. 
Firemen and Watchmen. 

Edwin Johnson, Alfred Makin, Alfred J. Makin, 
Janitors. 



The principal and heads of departments constitute the faculty of the school. 
The day instructors serve both day and evening. 



4 



Assistant Evening Instructors. 

Carding and Spinning.. 

John H. Bouchard. John H. Moss. 

Richard Green. Wm. A. Thompson. 

Robert Greenhalgh. Melville F. Vincent. 

Herbert Higgins. Walter C. Wilbor. 

Warp Preparation and Weaving. 

John Brown. John Reynolds. 

Peter Czarnota. Leo Schick. 

Stephen Hebden. Wm. Sharples. 

Eli Heyes. Anthony R. Silvia. 

Frederick W. Holt. George Southworth. 

Adelard J. LaChapelle. Manuel Sylvia. 

James Marvel. Joseph Thexton. 

Warp Drawing. 
Hilda M. Kenworthy. Annie V. Burke. 

Mill Calculations. 

Cost Finding. 

George W. Pope. 

Designing. 
Jean C. Uberti, Victor O. B. Slater. 

Mechanical Drafting. 
Wallace B. Baylies, Arlington Craig, Jr., George H. Duckworth. 

Electrical Engineering. 
Arthur M. Kelley. 

Steam Engineering. 
Amos J. Taylor. 

Machine Shop Practice. 
Wm. D. Dean, Simeon B. Livesley, Joseph Holgate. 



ADDRESSES BY TEXTILE EXPERTS AND OTHERS. 

Addresses by men prominent in the educational field and in the cotton and allied indus- 
tries are given the students during the year. The following were the speakers the past year: — 

Mr. Walter Rimmer, H. &. B. American Machine Co., Pawtucket, R. I. Subject: "Cotton 
Pickers." 

Mr. Thayer Francis, Parks-Cramer Co., Fitchburg, Mass. Lecture and Moving Picture 
"Thirsty Cotton." Afternoon and evening. 

Mr. James McDowell, Sharp & Hamilton Co., Boston, Mass. Subject: "Cotton from the 
Field to the Mill." 

Mr. Litscombe, Staple Cotton Growers Co-operative Association. Subject: "Cotton Culti- 
vation." 

Mr. C. I. Campbell, General Manager, Textile Exhibitors' Association, Boston, Mass. Sub- 
ject: "Textile Schools and the Cotton Industry." 

Mr. John Newington, of Slocum & Kilburn's. Subject: "Industrial Lighting." 

Mr. W. S. Price, Tide Water Oil Sales Corporation, Providence, R. I. Moving Picture and 
Lecture on Oils. 



SCHOOL CALENDAR. 



1923. 

Friday, September 7, 9 a.m. Second entrance examinations. 

Monday, September 10. Beginning of first semester, day classes. 

Thursday, September 27, and Friday, September 28. Enrollment, evening students, 7.30 

to 9 P.M. 
Monday, October 1. Beginning of first term, evening classes. 
Wednesday, November 28, 12 m., to Monday, December 3. Thanksgiving recess. 
Monday, December 17, to Friday, December 21, inclusive. Examinations, evening classes. 
Friday, December 21. Close of first term for evening classes. 
Saturday, December 22, to Wednesday, January 2. Christmas recess. 

1924. 

Thursday, January 3, and Friday, January 4, 7.30 to 9 p.m. Enrollment, evening students, 

second term. 
Monday, January 7, 7.30 p.m. Beginning of second term, evening classes. 
Monday, January 28, to Friday, February 1. Midj^ear examinations, day classes. 
Monday, February 4. Second semester, begins day classes. 
Monday, March 24, to Friday, March 28. Examinations for evening classes. 
Friday, March 28. Close of second term, evening classes. 
Saturday, March 29, to Monday, April 7. Spring recess. 
Monday, June 2, to Friday, June 6. Final examinations, senior class. 
Monday, June 9, to Friday, June 13. Final examinations, other classes. 
Wednesday, June 11, 9 a.m. Entrance examinations. 
Friday, June 13, 8 p.m. Graduating exercises, school hall. 



New Bedford Textile School. 



THE SCHOOL AND ITS PURPOSE. 

The Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the act under which 
the Trustees of the New Bedford Textile School were incorporated, gives as the 
purpose of the incorporation that of establishing and maintaining a textile school 
for instruction in the theory and practical art of textiles and kindred branches of 
industry. 

As New Bedford is primarily a cotton manufacturing city, this school confines 
itself principally to instruction in the cotton branch of the textile industry, and seeks 
to perfect itself in this line. Its course of instruction is arranged to subserve 
the interests of two general classes of students: (1) day students,' — those who 
give their whole time for two or three years to acquiring the theory as well as the 
practice of cotton manufacturing in all its details, from the raw cotton to the 
finished fabric, and also have instruction in the scientific principles which underlie 
the construction of the machinery and its Operation, and the artistic principles 
which are involved in the production of desirable and ornamental fabrics; (2) 
evening students, — those who are employed in the mills during the day and who, 
by attending the Textile School evenings, are able to learn other phases of the 
industry from that in which they are employed, or to perfect themselves in their 
special lines of work, and become more efficient workmen. The courses of instruc- 
tion for these two classes of students are given fully on other pages of this cata- 
logue. * 

The whole of the machinery in the school is absolutely modern, being con- 
structed especially for the school. It is all high grade, has latest improvements, 
and is especially built to afford facilities for all kinds of experimental work, and 
represents all the leading types of machines from the, best builders in the United 
States, and several English builders. 

There is no mill in which there is so large a variety of machinery as in the New 
Bedford Textile School. This consequently affords the student a better oppor- 
tunity to become acquainted with various machines and methods than could be 
found in any one manufacturing establishment. 

Each instructor in the day school is a man who is thoroughly conversant with 
the work of the department under his charge by thorough training and long experi- 
ence. Each one has charge of the work in his department at night also, assisted 
by experienced assistants from the mills, many of whom are graduates of this 
school. 

The school went into operation in the fall of 1899, and the first class was gradu- 
ated in 1900. The regular courses were one year in length for the first few years, 
but were afterwards increased to three years. Special shorter courses are given, 
however, for which certificates are granted. 

For nineteen years the school was a semi-private institution, but supported by 
appropriations made each year by the State and by the city of New Bedford. It 
was managed by a Board of Trustees, two appointed by the Governor of the Com- 
monwealth, two representing the city (the mayor and the superintendent of schools, 
ex officiis), and twenty organized under the general statute by which the school 
was founded, a perpetual body, with power to fill vacancies other than the four 
created for and representing the Commonwealth and city. 

On July 1, 1918, it became a State institution by an act amending the State Con- 
stitution. It is still maintained with appropriations made by the State and city. 



It is managed by a Board of Trustees consisting of eighteen members, the Com- 
missioner of Education, ex officio, fifteen appointed by the Governor of the Com- 
monwealth, and two, the mayor and the superintendent of schools, ex-officiis, 
representing the city. Most of the trustees are men who either are or have been 
connected actively with the manufacture of cotton textiles. 

The number of individual students attending the school since its opening is 
8,923, the number graduated, 2,626. Many evening students who attend regularly 
do not take the examinations, and therefore do not appear as graduates, though 
they may have had a good record as students, especially in practice. This shrink- 
ing from examinations is natural, for many of them have little or no command of 
English, or are not accustomed to examinations. 

A large number of those who do not appear as graduates, however, are benefited 
by the instruction given in the school, and have acquired a knowledge and skill 
that have enabled them to rise in the industry and improve their financial and 
social condition. 

THE LOCATION OF THE SCHOOL. 

The school is situated in the center of the city of New Bedford, Mass., on the 
main car line of the city, which connects the mill districts, and is readily accessible 
to mill operatives who attend the evening sessions of the school. It is near the 
residential part of the city, and is therefore conveniently situated for non-resident 
pupils who take up a temporary residence in the city. 

New Bedford is an especially suitable location for an institution of this char- 
acter. It is the largest cotton manufacturing city of fine yarns and fancy woven 
fabrics and novelties in the country. Its spindles number 3,593,598, and looms, 
54,599; and employees, 41,360. 

High-grade combed yarns are produced in New Bedford to a greater extent than 
in any other city, while the mills are engaged in the manufacture of fine shirtings, 
muslins, lawns, sateens, lenos, checks, piques and other fancy fabrics to an extent 
unknown elsewhere. New Bedford's great advantage in this respect can be attrib- 
uted principally to the fact that her mills are nearly all of recent construction, 
with the most improved and up-to-date equipment. The environment of these 
mills is in itself a benefit to the students who select the New Bedford Textile School 
as the institution in which to learn the mill business, as they have opportunity to 
observe their construction and operation, and to find employment in them during 
the long summer vacations and upon finishing their course in the school. 

New Bedford is within short distance of Hopedale, Whitinsville, Hyde Park, 
Providence, Pawtucket, Woonsocket, Taunton and other large cotton machinery 
centers. It is one of the healthiest of the manufacturing cities in the United States. 
Picturesquely situated on the extreme south shore of Massachusetts, it enjoys one 
of the mildest winter climates in New England, and thus offers peculiar residential 
advantages for non-resident students. 

THE BUILDINGS. 

The school is housed in two separate buildings connected by a tunnel in the 
basement and by covered bridges overhead. They are constructed of red brick 
with trimmings of Indiana sandstone. They are classified as the machinery build- 
ing and the recitation building. 

The first now comprises the original building, erected in 1898-99, and the first 
two additions, erected in the years 1901-02 and 1905, respectively, and the latest 
addition 1922 and 1923. This building is 164 feet in length, with an average 
depth of 112 feet. It is three stories high, with basement under most of it, and 
contains a floor space of 59,600 square feet. In it are situated the administra- 
tion offices, the power house and all the departments comprised in a cotton yarn 
and cotton cloth mill. In addition, it has two large thoroughly equipped rooms 
for instruction in the art of knitting, both for hosiery and underwear, and a 
gymnasium. 



8 

The recitation building was completed and occupied in the fall of 1911. It 
consists of a main building 108 by 93 feet 6 inches, three stories high, with a deep 
well-lighted basement under the whole. of it, and contains 40,392 square feet of 
floor space. It also has an annex 68 feet 3 inches long by 19 feet 3 inches deep, 
one story high, with basement, and contains 2,634 square feet of floor space. This 
annex is used as an experimental laboratory and as a storeroom for chemical sup- 
plies. 

The main building, besides being equipped with recitation and lecture rooms of 
various sizes, has a thoroughly equipped chemical laboratory, dyeing and finish- 
ing rooms, engineering laboratories, a commodious machine shop, drafting rooms, 
a designing room especially fitted, an exhibition room, and an assembly hall that 
will seat 400 persons. 

Both structures are of the slow-burning mill construction type, approved by the 
leading fire insurance associations and mill engineers, while the general equipment 
of the plant is also illustrative of the best methods of lighting, heating, ventilating, 
humidifying and fire-protecting mills. Great attention has been paid to the plan- 
ning and arranging of these buildings for the school, to make them suitable for the 
purposes of imparting textile instruction, and in order that the machinery building 
should give an object lesson in cotton mill engineering. 

The Legislature of 1922 appropriated $50,000 for an addition to the present 
machinery building, and the city of New Bedford appropriated $10,000 for the 
purchase of the land for the building. Other improvements will be provided that 
will aid working conditions and produce greater economy and efficiency in admin- 
istration. 

Power and light are purchased from the local electric power company, and the 
school supplies its own heat and the steam needed in its finishing plant. The fire 
protection was designed and installed by the General Fire Extinguisher Company 
of Providence, R. I., the well-known Grinnell sprinkler being used. The American 
Moistening Company and the Bahnson Humidifier Company have installed com- 
plete humidifying apparatus. The whole equipment is approved by the Massa- 
chusetts State inspectors of public buildings. 



9 



DAY CLASSES. 



The regular day courses of the school are as follows : — 

General Cotton Manufacturing. 

Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing. 

Designing. 

Carding and Spinning. 

Seamless Hosiery Knitting. 

Latch Needle Underwear Knitting. 

All the above courses are diploma courses, three years long, and are intended 
to qualify students to hold positions of responsibility in textile manufacturing 
and allied establishments. 

The advantages of these courses to qualify men to hold responsible positions in 
cotton mills, dyeing and finishing plants, commission houses, etc., are many. These 
industries, as conducted, are not adapted to give a young man a technical educa- 
tion. The opposite is the case where the primary object is to impart knowledge and 
to train in the correct method of doing things. 

It is not expected that a young man, going from this school, will at once secure 
an executive position. It is expected, on the contrary, that he will begin in a more 
humble fashion, that with the knowledge acquired in the school and the experi- 
ence gained in the mill itself, he will be qualified to hold higher positions, and that 
his advancement will be much more rapid and his knowledge broader than one 
who has not had the school instruction and training. That such is the case is shown 
already by the positions now held by the graduates of the school. 

Many of them are occupying positions of trust and responsibility in the textile 
and allied industries as manufacturers, treasurers, agents, superintendents, assist- 
ant superintendents, designers in mills and commission houses, overseers, chemists 
and dyers, etc. Some have been called to good positions as designers directly from 
the school, and many who have attended the evening classes have so improved in 
skill and knowledge that they have advanced in position and earning power. 

That the work of the school is recognized by textile manufacturers and those 
engaged in allied industries is attested by the fact that applications are constant 
for men of the school — more than can be supplied. One of the largest bleaching 
establishments in the country has assured us that it is ready to take all the men 
from the chemistry and dyeing department that we will recommend. 

But this school does not agree to make successful men out of lazy, careless and 
indifferent boys, nor does it care for such boys as students. But for those who wish 
to learn, who are ready to work, who are willing to bide their time, it does offer an 
opportunity that will supply them with an honorable vocation, with many oppor- 
tunities for advancement in the world, with good remuneration. 

In case a prospective student feels that no one of the diploma courses meets 
his particular needs, he is requested to communicate with the principal, stating 
his wishes. Whenever possible, special courses will be given in the various de- 
partments, for which certificates will be granted, stating the subjects taken and 
the time given to them. The limitations of these special courses will be determined 
in every case by the management. 



10 



General Cotton Manufacturing Course. 

First Year. 



First Term. 




Hours 


Subject. per Week. 


Pickers arid Cards (101) 


6* 


Weaving (111) .... 


61 


Cloth Analysis (121, 151) . 


3§ 


Designing (131) . 


U 


Hand Loom (161) 


H 


Principles of Mechanics (171) . 


l 


Mechanical Drawing (172) 


4 


Chemistry (182) .... 


6^ 


Yarn Calculations (121) 


1* 



Second Term. 

Hours 
Subject. per Week. 

Cards and Drawing Frames (102) . 6^ 
Weaving (112) . . . . . 6| 



Warp Preparation (122) 

Designing (132) . 

Cloth Analysis (152) . 

Hand Loom (161) 

Mechanical Drawing (172) 

Textile Chemistry and Dyeing (222) 



3* 
U 
3 

1* 
3 

6i 



Second Year. 



First Term. 

Hours ' 
Subject. per Week. 

Roving and Spinning Frames (103) 10 
Weaving (113) 3£ 



Designing (133) . 
Cloth Analysis (153) . 
Machine Drawing (173, 175) 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Steam Engineering (176) . 
Dyeing (223) . ' . 



3* 

3| 

2 

3 

1 

6 



Second Term. 




] 


lours 


Subject. per Week. 


Doubling and Drafting (104) . 


6| 


Cotton Sampling (107) 


1* 


Weaving (114) . . . . 


5| 


Designing (134) .... 


2 


Cloth Analysis (154) . 


5 


Machine-shop Practice (174) 


3 


Machine Drawing (175) 


1 


Steam Engineering (176) . 


1* 


Textile Chemistry (234) . 


6| 



Third Year. 



First Term. 



Hours 
Subject. per Week. 

Combers and Mules (105) . . 10 

Weaving (115) 6| 

Designing (135) \\ 

Color (145) 2 

Cloth Analysis (155) . . . 4| 

Machine-shop Practice (174) . . 3 

Elementary Electricity (177) . . 2 
Option of Carding and Spinning or 

Knitting (294) .... 3 



Second Term. 

Subject. 

Spinning, 



Hours 
per Week. 

Practice 

8 



Carding and 
Work (106) 

Weaving (116) 

Designing (136) . 

Color (146) . 

Cloth Analysis (156) . 

Mill Engineering (178) 

Cost Finding (179) . 

Option of Converting (235-260) or 
Knitting (294) or Carding and 
Spinning 



&2 



61 



11 



General Cotton Manufacturing Course. 

The course in cotton manufacturing is designed to give the student a thorough 
fundamental knowledge of the different processes entering into the construction 
of a piece of cloth from the raw staple to the finished product. 

During the first year the student takes up the study of yarn preparation, weav- 
ing, designing and cloth analysis. The study of mechanics, mechanical drawing 
and chemistry is also pursued the first year, the work in these subjects being de- 
signed especially for men who are to take up the cotton mill work. Practical work 
in the machine shop is entered upon the second term. Instruction in yarn calcula- 
tions, spooling, warping and slashing is also offered during the first year. 

In the second and third years sufficient time is given to instruction in picking, 
carding and spinning, while the subjects of weaving, designing and analysis are 
continued. 

Dyeing is begun the first year, the work being such as is of especial interest to 
the student of cotton manufacturing. The student is also given instruction in 
steam engineering during the second year, while in the third year, work in electrical 
engineering and cotton mill construction is offered. The study of color is taken 
up during the third year. 

The work in all subjects is so arranged that the student is taken gradually from 
the simpler to the more difficult problems. Much of the work in the last year is 
original, and the student is thrown on his own resources. 

The work in chemistry, dyeing, mechanics and shop practice is all arranged with 
special reference to the student of cotton manufacturing. 

This course is very thorough, and is alway recommended to the student who is 
to make cotton cloth manufacturing his future work. 



12 





Designing Course. 






First Year. 




First Term. 




Second Term. 






Hours 


Hours 


Subject. 


per Week. 


Subject. per Week. 


Weaving (111) 


. 10 


Weaving (112) . 


Sh 


Cloth Analysis (121, 151) . 


. 13 


Warp Preparation (122) 


31 


Designing (131) . " . 


• H 


Designing (132) .... 


U 


Hand Loom (161) 


• 1J 


Cloth Analysis (152) . 


11 


Principles of Mechanics (171) 


1 


Hand Loom (161) 


1| 


Mechanical Drawing (172) 


■ 5* 


Mechanical Drawing (172) 


3 






Machine-shop Practice (174) 


31 



Second Year. 



First Term. 

Subject. 

Weaving (113, 114) . 
Designing (133) . 
Color (145) .... 
Cloth Analysis (153, 154) . 
Machine Drawing (173, 175) 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Steam Engineering (176) . 
General Chemistry (182) . 



Hours 
per Week. 

10 
2 
2 
9| 

li 

3 



Second Term. 



Subject. 

Cotton Sampling (107) 
Weaving (115) 
Designing (134) . 
Color (146) . 
Cloth Analysis (155) . 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Machine Drawing (175) 
Steam Engineering (176) . 
Textile Chemistry (222) . 



Hours 
per Week. 

2 

10 
2 
2 

7i 

« 2 

3 

it 

n 

3 



Third Year. 



First Term. 

Subject. 

Weaving (116) 

Jacquard Designing (135) . 

Cloth Analysis (156) . 

Machine-shop Practice (174) 

Elementary Electricity (177) 

Color (146) 

Textile Chemistry (222) . 



Hours 
per Week 

10 ' 
6£ 
6 
3 
2 
2 
3 



Second Term. 



Subject. 

Weaving (116) r 
Jacquard Designing (136) . 
Cloth Analysis (156) . 
Commission House Work (157) 
Finishing (235) . 
Mill Engineering (178) 
Cost Finding (179) . 



Hours 
per Week. 

10 
9 

■<&2 

3 
3 

n 



13 



Designing Course. 

Designing is a branch of textile manufacturing of sufficient importance to call 
for a separate diploma course, extending over three school years. Since the major 
subjects in this course are confined to designing, cloth analysis and weaving, the 
work is somehat more intensive than in the general course. 

The student, during the first year, takes up the study of the plain loom, the 
more simple designs and the analysis of such fabrics as contain designs similar to 
those being studied in the designing lessons. 

Instruction the first year is also offered in the preparation of warps for the loom, 
while work in the mechanical department is entered upon the first year, and ex- 
tends through all three years of the course. 

Instruction in the mechanical department is considered essential to the student 
of designing, as many of the new fabrics brought out by designers from year to 
year are based as much upon the mechanism of the loom as upon pure design. 

During the second year more advanced fabrics, such as double cloths, Bedford 
cords, piques and lenos, are studied, both in designing and analysis, while much 
of the work in the weave room consists of putting original designs into the looms 
and weaving a short length of each. 

Commencing with the first term of the second year, a practical course in color is 
offered the student, who is required to work out a series of color scales and apply 
them in coloring designs. 

In the second term of this year cotton sampling is introduced. 

The third year is largely devoted to the subject of Jacquard designing in both 
the designing and weaving departments. During this year the subject of com- 
mission house work, as it applies to the styling and finishing of new fabrics, is 
dealt with, and the student is given a close insight into the requirements of this 
branch of designing. 

For the student who wishes to perfect himself in the subject of cloth designing, 
as applied to the cotton trade, this course will be found very complete. 



14 



C 






Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing Course. 

First Year. 

Second Term. 



First Term. 




Subject. 


Hours 
per Week. 


Principles of Mechanics (171) . 
Mechanical Drawing (172) 
General Chemistry (181) . 
Inorganic Preparations (183) 
Qualitative Analysis (191) 


1 
. 4 
. 13V 

• 2 



Subject. 

Mechanical Drawing (172) 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Qualitative Analysis (192) 
Quantitative Analysis (202) 
Organic Chemistry (212) . 
Textile Chemistry and Dyeing (222) 



Hours 
per Week. 

3 



3 
10 
6^ 
6* 



Second Year. 



First Term. 

Subject. 
Color (145) .... 
Machine Drawing (173, 175) 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Steam Engineering (176) . 
Quantitative Analysis (202) 
Organic Chemistry (213) . 
Dyeing (223) . . . 

Textile Chemistry (233) . 



Hours 
per Week. 

2 



If 

9 



Second Term. 



Subject. 
Color (146) .... 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Machine Drawing (175) 
Steam Engineering (176) 
Dyeing (224) 
Textile Chemistry (234) 
Cotton sampling (107) 
Cotton Manufacturing (230) 



Hours 
per Week. 

2 
3 

ii 

iSv 

111 
II 
n 



Third Year. 



First Term. 

Subject. 

Machine Shop (174) . 
Elementary Electricity (177) 
Dyeing (225) 
Singeing (240) . 
Scouring (241) 
Bleaching (242) . 
Mercerizing (245) 



Hours 
per Week. 

3 

2 



I 



Second Term. 



' Subject. 

Machine Drawing (175) 
Drying (250) 



10|K Calendering (255)' 



Putting up (260) . 
Thesis (269) 



Hours 
per Week. 

2 

6 
9 

31 

12 : 



15 



Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing Course. 

The object of this course is to give to the student a thorough knowledge of the 
chemistry of the textile processes involved in the manufacture of cotton cloth. 
To insure a perfect foundation, the first two years are devoted almost entirely to 
chemical subjects and laboratory work. During this period the subjects of gen- 
eral chemistry, inorganic and organic, are taught, the preparation and properties 
of various chemicals and dyestuffs, the properties of the various fibers, and the 
coloring of them. 

The third year is devoted almost entirely to the practical dyeing and finishing 
of cotton goods. Thebest current practice is followed, but the underlying prin- 
ciples are thoroughly taught in order that the student may understand the limita- 
tions and purpose of each process. 

The subjects of machine drawing, principles of mechanics, electricity and shop 
work are taught. These allied subjects are arranged with special reference to the 
major subjects, and are considered very important, as they give the student a 
first-hand knowledge of the construction of the various machines. 

The graduates of this course find employment with dyestuff makers and dealers, 
with manufacturers of chemicals used in dyeing, with bleacheries, dye houses 
and finishing works. 

It is desirable that students entering this course shall have successfully com- 
pleted a scientific course in high school or its equivalent. Any one, however, who 
can show by examination his ability to profit by the instruction given is admitted .. 



16 



Seamless Hosiery Knitting Course. 

First Year. 



First Term. 

Subject. 

Pickers and Cards (101) 
Principles of Mechanics (171) . 
Mechanical Drawing (172) 
Chemistry (182) .... 
Knitting (271) .... 
Yarn Calculations (121) 


Hours 
per Week. 

• 6| 
. 1 

. 4 

• 6| 
. 13 

• H 


Second Term. 

Hours 
Subject. per Week. 

Cards and Draw Frames (102) . 5 

Mechanical Drawing (172) . . 3 

Machine-shop Practice (174) . . 3 

Textile Chemistry and Dyeing (222) 64 

Knitting (271) 15 




Seconi 


• Year. 




First Term. 

Subject. 

Roving and Spinning Frames (10c 
Machine Drawing (173, 175) . 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Steam Engineering (176) . 
Dyeing (223) .... 
Knitting (272) .... 


Hours 
per Week. 

• 64 ' 
• 14 

. 3 

. n 

. 6 
. 14 

Third 


Second Term. 

Subject. 

Doubling and Drafting (104) 
Cotton Sampling (107) 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Machine Drawing (175) 
Steam Engineering (176) . 
Textile Chemistry (234) . 
Knitting (273) . 

Year. 


Hours 
per Week. 

. 64 

• 14 
. 3 

• • 14 

• 14 

. 6 

. 124 


First Term. 

Subject. 

Combers and Mules (105) 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Elementary Electricity (177) . 
Dyeing (226) .... 
Knitting (274, 293) . 


Hours 
per Week. 

• 6| 
. 3 
. 2 
. 3 
. 18 


Second Term. 

Subject. 
Carding and Spinning Tests (1C 
Machine Drawing (175) 
Mill Engineering (178) 
Dyeing (226) 
Knitting (274, 293) . 


Hours 
per Week. 

16) . 64 
. 2 

• 34 

' . 3 

• 174 



17 



Seamless Hosiery Knitting Course. 

The course in seamless hosiery knitting is adapted to the needs of those students 
desiring a thorough knowledge of the hosiery industry. 

The instruction given covers both the technical and practical parts of the business, 
including cost finding. 

A large part of the time is devoted to instruction work on the knitting machines. 

During the first year the student takes up the winding and preparation of cotton, 
lisle, wool, worsted and silk yarns for use on hosiery machines; also the principle 
of circular latch-needle knitting, and the setting and adjusting of different makes 
of rib-leg and rib-top machines. 

In the second and third years the time is given up to a study of the different 
makes of automatic hosiery machines, knitting men's half hose, ladies' hose, foot- 
ing children's and infants' hose, looping, welting and mending; method of han- 
dling and keeping track of goods through the mill; cost of manufacturing from 
yarn to the box. 

Instruction is also given in cotton yarn preparation, yarn calculations, cotton 
sampling, mechanics, steam engineering, chemistry and dyeing, the work in these 
different subjects being arranged to meet the special needs of the student. 

This course is recommended to those students who intend to become connected 
with a hosiery mill. 



18 



Latch Needle Underwear Knitting Course. 

First Year. 



First Term. 
Subject. 

Pickers and Cards (101) 
Principles of Mechanics (171) 
Mechanical Drawing (172) 
Chemistry (182) . . 
Knitting (281) . . 
Yarn Calculations (121) 



Hours 
per Week. 



1 

4 
6f 
13 



Second Term. 

Hours 
Subject. per Week. 

Cards and Draw Frames (102) . 5 
Mechanical Drawing (172) . .3 
Machine-shop Practice (174) . 3 
Textile Chemistry and Dyeing (222) 6f 
Knitting (281) 15 



Second Year. 



First Term. 

Subject. 
Jtoving and Spinning Frames 
Machine Drawing (173, 175) 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Steam Engineering (176) . 
Dyeing (223) . . 
Knitting (282) . 



Hours 
per Week. 

(103) . 6| 

If 
3 

If 
6 
14 



Second Term. 




] 


lours 


Subject. per Week. 


Doubling and Drafting (104) . 


6f 


Cotton Sampling (107) 


If 


Machine-shop Practice (174) 


3 


Machine Drawing (175) 


If 


Steam Engineering (176) . 


If 


Textile Chemistry (234) . 


6 


Knitting (283) .... 


12f 



Third Year. 



First Term. 
Subject. 


Hours 
per Week. 


Combers and Mules (105) 
Machine-shop Practice (174) 
Elementary Electricity (177) 
Dyeing (226) 
Knitting (284, 293) . 


.» 6f 
. 3 
. 2 
. 3 
. 18 



Second Term. 




] 


Sours 


Subject. per Week. 


Carding and Spinning Tests (106) 


6f 


Machine Drawing (175) 


2 


Mill Engineering (178) 


3f 


Dyeing (226) .... 


3 


Knitting (284, 293) . 


171 



19 



Latch Needle Underwear Knitting Course. 

The course in latch needle underwear knitting is adapted to those students in- 
tending to become connected with this branch of the textile industry. 

As in the case of the hosiery course, the larger part of the student's time is de- 
voted to instruction work on the knitting machines. Instruction is also given in 
cotton yarn preparation, yarn calculations, mechanics, steam engineering, cotton 
sampling, chemistry and dyeing. As is the case with all other courses offered, 
instruction in these correlated subjects is arranged best to meet the needs of each 
individual course. 

Both of the knitting courses are very thorough, and give the student a good 
working knowledge of the different processes and the machinery connected with 
the same. The knitting department of the New Bedford Textile School contains 
a larger variety of knitting machinery than is found in any similar school in the 
United States, and the courses offered in this department cannot fail to be of very 
great benefit to any one desiring knowledge along these lines. 



20 



Carding and Spinning Course. 

First Year. 



First Term. 






Hours 


Subject. 


per Week. 


Picking, Carding, Roving (300) 


. 14 


Mechanical Drawing (172) 


. 4 


Chemistry (182) .... 


. 6^ 


Knitting (301) .... 


• 6| 


Yarn Calculations (121) 


. n 



Second Term. 
Subject. 

Drawing, Spinning, Doubling 

Drafting (302) . . 

Machine Shop (174) . 
Mechanical Drawing (172) 
Chemistry and Dyeing (222) 
Knitting (301) . 



Hours 
per Week. 

and 

13| 
3 
3 
6* 



Second Year. 



First Term. 

Hours 
Subject. per Week. 

Combers and Mule Spinning (303) . 14 

Knitting (301) 6| 

Steam Engineering (176) . . . 1^ 

Machine Drawing (173-175) . . 1 

Dyeing (223) 6| 

Machine Shop (174) .... 3 



Second Term. 

Hours 
Subject. per Week. 

Twisting and Cotton Classing (304) 14 
Knitting (301) . . . . 6| 

Steam Engineering (176) . . 1| 

Machine Drawing (175) . 1 

Textile Chemistry (234) . . 6| 

Machine Shop (174) . . .3 



Third Year. 



First Term. 

Hours 
Subject. per Week. 

General Test Work and Roll Cover- 
ing (305) 21 

Knitting (301) 6£ 

Elementary Electricity (177) . . 2 
Machine Shop (174) .... 3 



Second Term. 

Hours 
Subject. per Week. 

Yarn Testing and Comber Renee- 
dling (306) 19 



Knitting (301) . 
Mill Engineering (178) 
Machine Drawing (175) 
Cost Finding (179) . 



61 

2 

II 



21 



Carding and Spinning Course. 

The course in carding and spinning is designed to give the student a thorough 
knowledge of cotton yarn manufacture. 

The larger part of the student's time is devoted to instruction on the different 
machines used in the preparation of cotton yarn. 

Instruction is also given in knitting, mechanics, steam engineering, chemistry 
and dyeing. Considerable time is given to knitting, as that industry is closely 
related to cotton yarn manufacture. 

This course is recommended to those students who intend to become connected 
with cotton yarn mills or to become cotton yarn salesmen. 



22 



REFERENCES FROM TABULATED COURSES. 
101. Pickers and Cards. 

Cotton yarn mill machinery. Lists of processes in cotton mills for different numbers 
of yarn. Proper sequence of processes. 

Objects of blending cotton. Methods of mixing same. Bale breakers. 

Picker rooms. Automatic feeders. Construction of different varieties of feeders. 
Their capacity and suitability for the purpose intended. 

The cotton opener, its use and object. Various styles of openers. Setting and 
adjustment of openers. Connection of feeders to openers. The various styles of trunks. 
Calculations in connection with openers. Breakers. Intermediate and finisher lappers. 
Different styles and makes of machines. Use and object of the lapper. Construction 
of aprons, beaters, bars, screens, fans, lap heads, evener and measuring motions, etc. 
The setting and adjustment of lappers. Calculations in connection with lappers. 

The revolving flat card. Its principal parts described, including feed, licker, cylinder, 
doffer, coiler, screens and flats. Different setting arrangements. Speeds of different 
parts. Top flat cards, roller and clearer, and other cotton cards. Clothing, grinding, 
setting and stripping cards. 

102. Cards and Drawing Frames. 

Study of the card continued. 

The railway head as used either independently or combined with sections of cards. 
Single and double railway heads. Eveners, draft calculations, metallic and other rolls. 

Method of arranging and constructing drawing frames. The use and objects of the 
frame. Gearing, weighting, stop-motions, varieties of rolls, etc. 

103. Roving Frames, Spinning Frames and Twisters. 

Slubbers. First and second intermediates. Roving or jack frames. The con- 
struction and use of the fly frame. Description and use of the different parts. Calcula- 
tions in connection therewith. Changing and fixing frames, etc. 

The spinning frame. Its construction and use. Its principal parts, such as creels, 
rolls, rings, travelers, speeds, builder motions, etc. 

The objects of twisting. Wet and dry twisting. The direction and amount of twist 
in different ply and cord threads; different methods used in preparing yarn for twisting. 
Size of rings and travelers for different counts of yarn. Methods of winding, speeds and 
production. 

104. Doubling and Drafting. 

Figuring the number of doublings and drafts from picker to spinning frame or mule. 
Calculations for schedules of machinery required for different counts and amounts. 
Cost and production of yarn. 

Practice work consists of carrying work through picker to spinning frames. 

105. Combers and Mules. 

The sliver and ribbon lap machines. Construction of American and English machines. 
Methods of operating same. Setting and adjusting same, and calculations in connection 
therewith. 

The cotton comber. The construction of the comber, its use and objects. Comber 
setting. Comber calculations. Operation and management of combers. 

The spinning mule and its uses. The special features of the mule. Description of the 
head stock, the. cam shaft, mule carriage and other parts. The construction and use of 
each part of the mule. Different movements in the mule and the timing of the same. 
The copping rail and the building of a cop. Faults in mule spinning and their correction. 

106. Tests. 

Original work in laying out processes for different counts of yarn, and carrying the 
same through from raw cotton to finished yarn. Tests for different processes. 



23 



107. Raw Cotton. 

Raw cotton. Its varieties. The cultivation of cotton. The preparation of cotton 
for the market. Cotton ginning. Cotton as an article of commerce. The selection 
of cotton, its suitability for different purposes. 

111. Plain Looms. 

The construction of the plain loom. The principal movements in weaving. Methods of 
shedding. Shedding motions. Shedding by cams. Auxiliary shafts. Varieties of cams. 
Construction of cams. Timing cams and effect on the cloth. 

Picking motions. Different methods of picking. Shuttles. Shuttle boxes. Shuttle 
guards. Protector motions. Reeds. Let-off motions. Take-up motions. Calcula- 
tions in connection with take-up motions. 

Filling-stop motions. 

Temples. The various makes and their uses. 

The Draper loom. Special features of its construction. 

Automatic shuttle and bobbin changing looms. 

Special features of various makes of looms, including Crompton & Knowles, Kilburn 
& Lincoln, Whitin, Mason and Stafford looms. 

The management, operation and fixing of looms. Putting in warps. Faults and reme- 
dies in weaving and fixing. Calculations directly connected with plain looms. 

Looms adapted to weave twills and satins. 

Electrical and mechanical warp stop-motions. 

112. Fancies. 

Looms adapted to weave fancy cloth with dobbies. Dobbies with single and double 
cylinders. Chain pegging for dobbies. 

Tying in and starting up warps for which the student has worked out some design. 

113. Box Looms. 

Looms for the use of various colors of filling. Drop box motions. Box chain multi- 
pliers. Multiplier motions. Still box motion. 

114, 115. Special Loom Attachments. 

Dobby looms combined with other motions for special purposes, such as looms adapted 
to weave lenos, checks, blankets, handkerchiefs, towels and other goods. 

116. Jacquards. 

The principle of construction of Jacquard machines. Single and double lift machines. 
Jacquard machines for special purposes. Principles of harness tying. Practical work 
in cutting cards and weaving the student's own designs. 

121. Yarn Calculations. 

Definitions. Calculations for finding length, weight or counts of single yarns, whether 
cotton, woolen, worsted, silk, etc. Ply yarns. 

122. Spoolers, Warpers and Slashers. 

Various methods of preparing cottdn warps. 

The spooler, its use and construction. Production per spindle. Spindle speeds. 
Builder motions. Thread guides. Different makes of spoolers. 

The operation and setting of the spooler. 

Warpers. The object of the warper. Its construction and operations. Speeds, 
settings, etc. Warpers with and without cone drive. Warper slow motions. Faults 
in warping and their correction. 

The slasher. Its use. Construction of the different parts of the slasher. 

Sizing or dressing yarns. Materials used. Methods of mixing same. Suitable ma- 
terials for various purposes. 

Preparing the warp for the loom. The construction of reeds and harnesses. 

Variations from the above system for special purposes, such as used in gingham and 
other mills. 



24 



131. Designing. 

Definitions of the words and terms used in designing and analysis. Characteristics 
of the various classes of fabrics. Design paper and its application to designing and 
analysis. Cloth structure, with a study of the various sources from which the patterns 
of fabrics are obtained. Twills. Wave effects. Diamonds. Sateens. Granites. 
Checkerboards. Rearranged twills. Figured twills. 

132. Designing. 

Designs for single fabrics continued, such as honeycombs. Mock and imitation lenos. 
Entwining twills. Spot weaves arranged in various orders. Cord weaves. Imitation 
welts. Elongated twills. Checks effects. Corkscrew weaves. Eour change system of 
designing. Damask weaves. 

133. Designing. 

Designing for more complicated fabrics, such as figuring fabrics, using extra material. 
Fabrics backed with extra material. Fabrics having the face and back of different 
material or pattern. Double plain fabrics. Reversible fabrics. Embossed effects, such 
as Bedford cords, piques, Marseilles weaves. 

134. Designing. 

Designing for leno, pile and lappet fabrics, such as methods of obtaining leno pat- 
terns. Mechanical appliances for the production of lenos, yoke and jumper motions. 
Bottom doups. Top doups. Check lenos. Jacquard elno effects. Weaving with wire 
doups. Weaving with the bead motion. Russian cords. Full turn lenos. 

Pile fabrics, such as velveteens, corduroys, velvets, plushes, carpets, terry toweling. 

Lappet weaves. Description of the various lappet motions. Designing for original 
lappet effects. Reproduction of woven lappet patterns. Chain drafts. Locking mo- 
tions. Spot effects. 

135. Jacquard Designing. 

Design paper. How to figure the design paper necessary to reproduce any Jacquard 
pattern. Defects of Jacquard patterns and how to avoid them. Transferring designs 
to plain paper. Transferring sketches to design paper. Changing the sley of Jacquard 
fabrics. Method of casting out. Ground weaves. Rules for finding sley, pick, warp 
and filling. Foundations upon which Jacquard patterns are based. 

136. Jacquard Designing. 

Different methods of making designs. Sketching original designs by the different 
methods commonly used. Working out the sketches upon design paper. Cutting cards 
on the piano card-cutting machine. Card lacing. Weaving of at least one original 
design. Method of weaving Jacquard leno designs. Mechanisms required in weaving 
Jacquard lenos. Making Jacquard leno designs. 

Harness tying. Various systems of tying Jacquard harnesses. Lay-over ties. Center 
ties. Compound ties. 

145. Color. 

Theory of colors. Complementary colors. Hue, value and chroma scales. Prac- 
tical work in color scales. 

146. Color. 

Munsell system of coloring. Color harmony, color effects. Analyzing color effects. 
Practical work in making sequences and in producing colored designs. 

151. Analysis. 

Standard methods of representing harness and reed drafts. Harness drafts on design 
paper. Written harness drafts. Chain drafts. Lay-out plans. Finding weight of warp 
yarns, weight of filling yarns. Yards per pound of cloth. 



25 



152. Analysis. 

Finding counts of warp and filling by various methods. Finding yards per pound of 
cloth from a small sample by weighing. Making original designs and weaving them on 
the power loom. Reproduction of woven samples. 

153. Analysis. 

Analyzing more difficult samples. Finding average counts. Percentage of each ma- 
terial. Production of loom. Price per yard for weaving. Weaving of more difficult 
original designs. 

154. Analysis. 

Analysis of leno fabrics, making both written drafts and harness drafts on design 
paper. Chain drafts. Weaving of original leno designs. Changing the construction 
of fabrics and preserving balance of structure. 

155. Analysis. 

Analysis of more difficult samples continued. Weaving of original samples. Work 
on changing over samples to different constructions. 

156. Analysis. 

Continuation of the work outlined in 155. Weaving of students' original Jacquard 
designs. Work on cost of manufacturing fabrics. 

157. Commission House Work. 

Study of fabrics known as standard goods, such as prints, percales, satins, lawns, 
organdies, chambrays, voiles, etc. 

Figuring to obtain material for the reproduction of cloths of standard construction. 
Methods of ascertaining counts of warp and filling; also sley and pick for new fabrics. 
Determining the manufacturing cost of fabrics. 
Working out sketches and writing specifications for new fabrics. 

161. Hand Loom. 

The hand loom, its construction and use. Harness drafts as affecting the weave. 
Building harness chains. Practice on the hand loom in weaving fabrics from original 
and other designs, and putting into practice the designing lessons. 

171. Mechanics. 

The fundamental principles of mechanics and physics, with special reference to prac- 
tical uses in textile machinery and to future application in the engineering courses, are 
given in a series of lectures. Practical problems illustrating these principles are worked 
out in the classroom. A study is also made of the strength and nature of the different 
materials used in machine construction. 

Textbook: "Practical Mechanics," Hale. 

172. Mechanical Drawing. 

The object of this course in mechanical drawing is to give the student a good founda- 
tion for reading drawings and for making such sketches and drawings as he will be likely 
to be called on to make in practice. Thoroughness, accuracy and neatness are insisted 
upon throughout the course. The work in mechanical drawing begins with instruction 
in the use and care of drawing instruments. The following is a general outline of the 
work to be covered: plain lettering, geometrical constructions, orthographic and isomet- 
ric projection, inking and tracing, standards, conventions and tabulation as used in 
the modern drafting room. Simple working drawings are to be made to scale, and the 
final work of the year consists of free-hand sketching of machine details from parts of 
textile machinery. This brings into use at one time all the work covered during the 
year, and serves as a test of the student's grasp of the subject. 



26 



173. Mechanism. 

In view of the large number of mechanisms used in textile machinery this course is a 
very important one. The subject is given by means of lectures and recitations, the 
work in the drawing room being closely related to the classroom instruction. This course 
includes studies and graphical solutions of cams, gears, etc. 

174. Machine Shop. 

Shopwork and drawing are organized as one department for the purpose of securing 
close correlation of the work. Many exercises are common to the drawing room and the 
shop. In the machine shop an effort is made, not only to train the student manually, 
but also to teach him correct shop methods and practice. Carefully graded exercises 
are arranged to teach him the use of measuring instruments, hand tools and then ma- 
chine tools. The different measuring tools and devices, with advantages, methods of 
use and limits of accuracy of each, are considered. Each cutting tool is taken up, its 
cutting angles and general adjustments are described, together with the " feeds" and 
cutting speeds suitable for each material worked and for each machine. The course 
includes instruction in centering, squaring, straight and taper turning and fitting, out- 
side and inside screw cutting, chucking, reaming, finishing and polishing, drilling, 
tapping, grinding, boring, planing flat and V surfaces, filing and gear cutting, including 
spur, bevel, rack and worm gears. 

When the student becomes proficient in handling the tools and machines, he is given 
work in fitting and assembling, and also repair work from the other departments. 

175. Machine Drawing. 

Machine drawing is a continuation of the mechanical drawing of the first year, and 
the work is dependent upon a thorough knowledge of how to apply the conventions of 
drawing which custom has made standard as given during the first year. The work 
consists of proportioning of machine details as fixed by practice, making assembly draw- 
ing from detailed sketches, and also detailing parts from assembled machines. 

176. Steam Engineering. 

A typical power plant, including the boiler, steam engine and all necessary auxiliary 
apparatus such as is found in a modern cotton mill, is studied in detail. Prepared out- 
lines are discussed in lecture periods, and the details supplied by the student after read- 
ing assignments in standard text and reference books. Practice is given in handling 
engines, apparatus and equipment in the laboratory. Exercises consist in adjusting, 
starting and running engines, taking and working out indicator cards, prony brake tests, 
pump and injector tests, etc. 

177. Elementary Electricity. 

The elementary principles of magnetism and electricity are taken up in lecture and 
recitation, and are supplemented by laboratory exercises. Emphasis is placed on the 
different wiring systems and electric drives as used in mills and factories. A general 
study is made of a typical electrical power plant, and of the apparatus required to gen- 
erate and distribute electrical energy. 

Textbook: "Essentials of Electricity," W. H. Timbie. 

178. Mill Engineering. 

Proficiency in this course depends on the thoroughness with which the work of the 
previous courses was carried on. The course consists of lectures supplemented by work 
in the drafting room. Problems in design, construction and equipment of mills and 
factories are taken up. The subject includes foundations, walls, floors, roofs and mill 
construction in general. The choice of location and the methods of transmitting power 
are discussed. The following outline shows the scope of the course: principles under- 
lying the design and construction of framed structures, involving the use of wood, steel, 
brick, stone, concrete and reinforced concrete, methods of lighting, ventilating and pro- 
tecting from fire. 




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27 



179. Figuring Costs. 

One and a half hours a week, during the last term of the general course, is devoted to 
methods of cost finding in a cotton mill. A complete mill is taken for an illustration, 
and the reports of both the expense and production are used to work with. 

181. General Chemistry. 

This course comprises three lectures of one hour each and ten hours of laboratory 
work each week. The laboratory work is closely criticized by the instructor, and in- 
dividual effort encouraged. Careful manipulation, thoroughness in observation, 
accuracy in arriving at conclusions and neatness are required of each student. The 
fundamental principles of the science are taught in connection with the descriptive 
chemistry of the elements. 

No previous study of chemistry is required for admission to this course, but the 
instruction is so arranged that students having already spent considerable time in 
chemistry in other schools are given advanced work in which the knowledge already 
acquired is utilized. 

Textbook: Smith's " General Chemistry for Colleges." 

182. General Chemistry. 

The training afforded by a course in general chemistry is considered of value to all the 
students of the school, and also lays the foundation for the subsequent course in dyeing. 
Hence students taking courses in the cotton or knitting departments are required to 
take general chemistry during the first term of the first year. This subject covers the 
same ground as subject 181, but in a briefer manner. Five hours per week are spent 
in the laboratory, and one hour in the lecture and recitation room. 

Textbook: Morgan and Lyman's "Chemistry." 

183. Inorganic Preparations. 

The time in this subject is devoted largely to laboratory work, with an occasional 
explanatory lecture. First the student is taught the best methods of carrying on the 
usual laboratory operations, as forming of crystals, precipitates, filtering, evaporating 
and drying. This is followed by the preparation of several salts and industrial products, 
substances being selected that are of particular interest to the textile industry. The 
work is progressive in subject-matter, and so arranged as to be co-ordinate with the 
subject of general chemistry. 

191-192. Qualitative Analysis. 

This course comprises one lecture of one hour and six and one-half hours' laboratory 
work a week during the first term of the first year. The student is taught the principle 
of systematic qualitative analysis and the application of the principles to detect the 
base-forming elements, the acid-forming elements, and the various classes of com- 
pounds of the bases and the acids. Especial attention is paid to the inorganic materials 
ordinarily met with in the manufacture, dyeing and finishing of cotton piece goods. 
The student is required to analyze correctly a sufficient number of unknown substances 
to demonstrate his ability to detect any of the elements ordinarily met with. 

Textbook: Noyes' "Qualitative Analysis." 

202. Quantitative Analysis. 

The course in Quantitative Analysis is divided into two parts each requiring one term 
for its completion. Stress is laid on the accuracy and integrity necessary for quantita- 
tive work. Each student is required, under supervision of the instructor, to adjust his 
own balances, and calibrate the weights, burettes, flasks, etc., that he uses, that he 
may understand the nature and amount of error in his work, thus giving him confidence 
in his results. In connection with the course a thorough training in the solution of 
chemical problems is given. The course comprises one lecture each week, the remainder 
of the time being devoted to laboratory practice. The first term is spent in gravi- 
metric determination of chlorine, sulfuric, carbonic, and phosphoric acids, and iron, 
aluminum, calcium and magnesium. 



28 



203. Quantitative Analysis. 

This course is a continuation of Course 202 and comprises volumetric analysis in- 
volving the use of acids, alkalis, oxidizing and reducing agents, and chlorimetry. The 
work on chemical problems is also continued through this term, the problems being 
such as to apply the principles of volumetric analysis. 

212. Organic Chemistry. 

This course is divided into two terms, the first term giving a general survey of the 
subject, a thorough training being given in the reactions and properties of the various 
compounds met with in textile industries. The two lower members of the paraffines 
and their derivatives are exhaustively treated. Then the study of the higher members is 
taken up, the unsaturated hydro-carbons and their derivatives. 

Textbook: Remsen & OrndorfFs "Organic Chemistry." 

213. Organic Chemistry. 

The work of the second term is devoted exclusively to the study of dyestuffs and 
their preparation. The constitutions of various typical dyestuffs are studied to deter- 
mine their influence on coloring power, dyeing properties and fastness to light, acids, 
alkalis, bleaching, etc. In the limited time afforded, the number of dyestuffs studied 
is necessarily limited, but the training is made so thorough that the student is enabled 
to take up further investigation intelligently should 'his future work demand it. 

222. Textile Chemistry and Dyeing. 

These subjects open with a study of the chemical and physical technology of the 
fibers. Lectures are given descriptive of the action of heat, moisture, acids, alkalis, 
oxidizing agents, reducing agents, salts, organic ferments and coloring matter upon the 
fibers. Parallel with these lectures laboratory experiments are carried out by the per- 
formance of which the student becomes familiar with the chemical and physical prop- 
erties of the various fibers and the actions of the several agents upon them. 

This is followed by a series of lectures and experiments that illustrate the application 
of the above principles to practice. The student is taught how to scour cotton, wool 
and silk; how to bleach these fibers by the use of sulphur dioxide, chlorine compounds 
and oxygen compounds. The mercerizing, fireproofing and waterproofing of cotton, 
the chlorination of wool, and the waterproofing of silk are also demonstrated. 

Now the application of the dyestuffs to the various fibers is studied. For convenience 
the dyestuffs, whether of natural or synthetic origin, are classed as either substantive, 
acid, basic or mordant. The best method of application of each of the above groups 
is then taught. The dyed fibers are tested for their fastness to light, water, acid, alkalis, 
milling, stoving, chloring, crocking and hot finishing. Modified methods are then con- 
sidered for the production of especial degrees of fastness to certain agents by after- 
treating of the dyed fibers. 

223. Dyeing. 

This course is supplementary to the course in textile chemistry and dyeing and con- 
sists principally in the application of dyes to cotton and practice in color matching. 
Lectures are given as the occasion requires, but most of the time is spent in the labora- 
tory. 

At the end of the course the general principles of cotton matching are taken up, and 
experimental work is carried on demonstrating the proper method of obtaining a given 
shade by mixing several dyes. Obtaining the value of a dye is taught, and the detection 
of adulterants. Finally, methods for determining the dye, either in the form of a dye- 
stuff or on the dyed fabric, are considered. 

The lectures during this term are mainly descriptive of the converting of gray cotton 
piece goods into the finished state. Machinery used in connection with the processes 
of singeing, bleaching, scouring, mercerizing, drying, mangling, dyeing, starching, 
tentering and calendering is explained. The effect of each machine upon the properties 
of the fabric is studied. Some time is devoted to the consideration of the use of starches, 
filling agents, soap and oil, and the filling, softening and stiffening action they produce. 
The student is required to take notes during these lectures, and from such notes write 
for his own reference a complete text on the subject. In this connection he is encouraged 
to consult various standard works to amplify his knowledge of textiles. 

Samples acquired in connection with the laboratory practice are mounted and bound 
with the above notes, which they serve to illustrate. 



29 



224. Dyeing. 

The laboratory work of this term is mainly devoted to the printing of textile fabrics, 
especial emphasis being laid on cotton. The theory and practice of the various styles, 
such as the pigment style, the direct printing style, the steam style or metallic or tannin 
mordants, resist and discharge dye styles, the developed azo style, the printing of indigo 
and similar dyestuffs and aniline black, are studied. The student makes as many different 
prints as the time will allow. The course is concluded by experiments illustrating the 
practice of mercerizing cotton fabrics and a study of the various functions of the various 
stiffening and softening agents used to produce the different finishes required by the 
trade. The lecture course during this term covers practically the same ground as the 
laboratory work, especial emphasis being laid on the mercerizing and finishing of cotton 
yarns and cloth. During the entire course the student accumulates several thousand 
samples which he is required to mount in a specially designed sample book for his refer- 
ence in the future. Special stress is laid on quality rather than quantity of work done. 
As often as time permits and circumstances demand it, lots of yarn, hosiery, etc., of 
commercial size are dyed by the students for other departments. 

225. Dyeing. 

Construction and operation of jiggers. Speed of operation. Penetration of solutions 
used. Selection of dyestuff. Preparation of dye liquor. Dyeing, washing and after- 
treating. 

Construction of dye padders. Selection of materials for rolls. Speed of machines. 
Penetration of materials. Selection of dyestuffs. Washing off. After-treatment. 

226. Dyeing of Knit Goods. 

The object of this course is to give the student an opportunity to dye commercial size 
lots of knit goods and hosiery. Lectures describing the various processes are given, 
and the necessary calculations are taught in connection with this course. Scouring and 
bleaching are also taught. The student is required to make use of knowledge acquired 
in the previous courses in dyeing. 

230. Cotton Manufacture. 

Cotton Manufacture is the name assigned to a course of lectures given to the second 
year students in chemistry, so that they may become acquainted with the methods 
employed in the manufacture of cotton yarn and cloth. The various machines are 
thoroughly described and the methods of using them discussed in the lecture room. 
Because of the limited amount of time allowed for this subject the students are not 
taught to operate the machines, but are given an opportunity to examine them at rest, 
and later to observe them in operation. 

233. Textile Chemistry I. 

This subject comprises a study of the properties and analysis of water, coal, oil, soap, 
mordants and other chemicals used in the textile industries. One lecture of forty-five 
minutes' duration is given each week, -and frequent conferences are held with the 
student in the laboratory. The student is required constantly to consult standard 
books of reference in connection with his laboratory work. While the limited time 
devoted to this course does not give enough time for the student to make many complete 
analyses, it does illustrate to him the application of the knowledge acquired in the 
previous subjects of qualitative and quantitative analysis and organic chemistry. 

234. Textile Chemistry II. 

This subject deals with coal, oil, soap, water, starches, sizing and softening compounds, 
and textile fabrics. The commercial methods of obtaining the above substances, their 
usual composition and application, is discussed in lectures. The laboratory work con- 
sists of the analysis of typical compounds, obtained from the consumers when possible. 
The detection of the various starches and fibers by the microscope is taught, and their 
separation and estimation by chemical methods. Sizing and loading of fabrics is also 
discussed. This course is very practical in its application, and accurate work is required. 



30 



235. Finishing of Cotton Fabrics. 

The object of this course is to give to the designer a knowledge of the various methods 
used in finishing, and the effect of the same on the appearance and construction of the 
fabric. Simple methods of distinguishing between different fibers and finishes, filled 
and pure starched cloths, are taught. The instruction is given by means of one lecture a 
week and two hours' laboratory practice. 

240. Singeing. 

Construction of machine. Function of air pump. Adjustment of gas. Speed of 
operation. Singeing for a face finish. Singeing for a body finish. Determination of 
best conditions for a particular cloth. 

241. Scouring. 

Construction of kiers. Methods of circulation. Packing of goods. Time of boiling. 
Washing down. Use and operation of washing machines. Choice of scouring agent. 

242. Bleaching. 

Construction of chemic vats and cisterns. Application of bleaching solution to the 
goods. Squeezers. Piling down. Precautions to prevent tendering action of bleaching 
agent. Washing. Use of "Antichlors." Openers and scutchers. Selection of bleaching 
agent. 

245. Mercerizing. 

Construction of mercerizing machine. Design of tenter clips. Proper tension in tenter 
frame. Removal of caustic by washing. Neutralization of last traces. Selecting of 
mercerizing agent. Variation in conditions to suit cloth treated. 

250. Drying. 

Preparation of goods for drying. Importance of .proper mangling. Construction and 
operation of a mangle. Construction of the drying cylinders. Mechanical limits of 
speed of operation. Best speed in view of results obtained on goods. Static electricity 
and its grounding. 

Construction and use of tenter frames. Methods of heating, direct and indirect. 
Direction of air currents in relation to that of the cloth. Conditions giving the most 
rapid drying; the best width. Choice of tenter clip for a specific purpose. 

255. Calendering. 

Types of calenders and various finishes obtained. Construction of a simple calender, 
friction calender, chasing calender, Schreiner and embossing calenders. Speeds and 
conditions governing the operation of the above machines. Use of scrimp bars and 
stretchers. Gas and steam heating. Metallic rolls, fibrous rolls, and finishes produced 
by them. Care of rolls. Use of water. So-called permanent calender finishes. Use of 
beetles and hot presses for preparation for calendering. Top finishing. 

260. Putting up. 

Inspection of goods for faults. Classing as firsts, seconds, thirds and remnants. 
Yarding by flat folding, by rolling machines. Construction and operation of these 
machines. Various folds and put-up required by the several trades. Ticketing, banding 
and papering. Assortment in cases and storage of goods. 

269. Thesis. 

Each student who is to graduate from the course in chemistry and dyeing must devote 
twelve hours per week during the last half of his third year to original work, and at 
least one week before graduation must submit to the principal of the department a 
thesis of not less than two thousand words based upon the results of his own investiga- 
tions. 



31 



271. Winding and Rib-top Knitting. 

Winding and preparation of cotton, lisle, wool, worsted and silk yarns for running on 
rib-top, rib-leg and hosiery knitting machines. 

Construction of circular rib-top knitting machines, principle of circular latch-needle 
knitting, setting and adjusting of different makes of machines. 

Rib-top knitting on 12, 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 gauge needle machines, with cotton, lisle, 
wool, worsted and silk yarn. 

272. Rib-leg Knitting. 

Rib-leg machines, with knee and ankle splicer, chain and chainless measuring devices. 

Rib-leg knitting. Different classes of ribs, lace effects, spliced knee and ankle, for 
children's, boys' and misses' stockings. 

Plaiting. Silk yarn on cotton and worsted yarn, also worsted on cotton yarn, for 
rib tops and rib legs. 

273. Hosiery Knitting. 

Principle of latch needle seamless hosiery knitting. Constructing, setting and adjust- 
ing three-quarter, seven-eighth and full automatic hosiery machines. 

Knitting on three-quarter automatic hosiery machines, cotton and wool stockings, 
fine split sole, hose and half hose. 

Seven-eighth automatic hosiery machine, medium and fine gauge hose and half hose. 

Knitting men's half hose, ladies' hose; footing children's, boys' and misses' rib legs. 
White feet and black legs ladies' stockings, double sole, reinforced heel and toe; plaited 
hose and half hose with white heel and toe, fancy lace effects, on full automatic hosiery 
machines. 

274. Hosiery Finishing. 

Hemming and embroidering stockings. Looping, mending and singeing. Boarding, 
drying and pressing. Inspecting, pairing, stamping, folding and boxing, keeping stock 
and handling boxed goods. 

Method of handling and keeping track of goods through the mill. 

Cost of manufacturing different classes of seamless hosiery from yarn to box. 

281. Winding and Knitting Cuffs and Sleeves. 

Winding and preparation of the different classes of yarns used in the knitting of 
underwear. 

Construction of circular latch needle rib cuff machines, two feed automatic tuck and 
plain sleevers, with slack course and welt attachments; the principle of plain and tuck 
stitch knitting. 

282. Underwear Knitting. 

Knit to shape ladies' underwear on latch-needle circular rib body machines; different 
principles of this class of knitting. Construction and adjustment of the machines to 
knit cotton, lisle, worsted and silk yarns; different methods of plaiting on these machines. 

283. Underwear Knitting. 

Knitting plain 1 & 1 cloth for cut-to-shape union suits and fancy rib cloth for ladies' 
underwear on plain latch needle body machine. 

Latch needle, balbriggan, plain web knitting for plain and fancy stripes, in light- 
weight underwear. 

Rib cuff and shirt borders knitting on circular latch needle rib border and cuff 
machinery. 

Spring needle circular rib knitting. A new principle of knitting extra fine cloth for 
underwear. 

284. Underwear Finishing. 

Cutting men's shirts and drawers, ladies' vests, infants' wrappers, children's, boys' 
and misses' vests and union suits. 

Looping, seaming and finishing of underwear in detail. 

Fixing and adjusting of the principal styles and makes of sewing machines used in the 
manufacture of underwear. 

Method of handling the goods in process of manufacture from yarn to box. 



32 



293. Miscellaneous Knitting. 

Knitting fine French balbriggan cloth, worsted and merino cloth, single and double 
plush cloth, for fleeced-lined underwear, made on spring needle frame. 

Sweater knitting, with racked rib and cuffs, pineapple stitch and fancy-colored 
effects, on circular rib machines. 

Full-fashion sweater knitting on the Lamb full-fashion, hand power machine. 

Knitting golf gloves on the Lamb hand-power machine. 

Different processes of finishing balbriggan, worsted, merino and fleeced cloth into 
underwear ready for market. 

294. Knitting (Optional to Third-year General Students). 

To those students of the general course who desire some information on knitting 
machinery, the school offers this option during the last year. The aim of this work is to 
give to the student an insight into the class of work for which a large part of the yarn 
in a yarn mill is made. 

The different types of knitting machines are studied, and in each case the effect upon 
the machine and fabric of imperfect yarn is gone into carefully. 

300. Picking, Carding and Roving. 

Cotton yarn mill machinery. Machines required for making different numbers of 
counts of yarn. 

Picking Room. — Bale breakers or openers, their use and how operated. 

Automatic feeders, their construction, methods of setting and adjusting; evener 
motions, calculations. 

Openers, their use and object. The different kinds used and the class of cotton for 
which they are best adapted. The different kinds of beaters used, and the speeds at 
which they should run. 

Cleaning trunks, their uses and operation. 

Breaker, intermediate and finisher lappers. Different style and makes of machines. 
The construction and operation of the different parts, setting and adjusting the different 
parts, and arranging the speeds to give the best results. Calculations for speeds, drafts, 
weights and production on the different machines. 

Cards. — The different kinds of cards used; 'their construction and operation. 

The revolving flat card. Its principal parts. Different methods of setting, different 
settings for different classes of work. The speeds of the different parts, and their effect 
on the quality of the work produced. Construction of card clothing. Clothing cylinder 
doffer and top flats. Stripping and grinding cards. Grinding and testing top flats. 
Covering grinding rolls. Splicing driving ropes and belts. 

Calculations for speeds, drafts, production, per cent of waste, etc. 

Roving Frames. — The different processes used. The construction and use of the 
roving or fly frame. 

Speeds of the different size frames and the different parts of the frame. 

The different styles of differentials used and their object. 

Cone drums. The effect of the shape of the cones on the running of the frames. 
Leveling and adjusting roving frames. Balancing flyers, and the effect of unbalanced 
flyers on the running of the frame. 

The effect of draft and twist on the quality and quantity of the work produced. 

Roller setting. Calculations for speeds, draft, twist, tension and lay. Calculations for 
differentials, cone drums and productions. 

301. Special Knitting. 

Operations preliminary to knitting. Winding, cone winding, bobbin winding. De- 
velopment of knitting. Knitting needles. Construction and operation of latch and spring 
needles. Knitting on circular and flat machines. Study of the results of uneven, mixed 
and otherwise imperfect yarns in the knitting process, and the effect upon the machine 
and fabric. 



33 



302. Drawing Rolls and Drawing Frames. Ring Spinning. Doubling 

and Drafting. 

Drawing Rolls. — The different kinds of rolls used, their construction, methods of 
covering, setting and adjusting for different kinds of work. Clearers for drawing rolls. 

Drawing Frames. — The railway head and evener draw frame. The construction 
and arrangement of drawing frames. Different methods of gearing, weighting and stop- 
motions for draw frames. Calculations for speeds, drafts, dividing drafts, production, etc. 

The Ring Spinning Frame. — Its construction and use. The construction and ad- 
justment of the different parts, such as spindles, rings, travelers, rollers, builder motions, 
etc. Making bands. Comparing different drives for spindles. Twist in yarn, its effect 
on strength and production. Calculations for speeds, drafts, twist and production. 

Doubling and Drafting. — Laying out drafts and weights at the different machines 
from picker to spinning frame for making different numbers of yarn. 

Calculating the number of machines required at the different processes to produce a 
required amount of yarn of different numbers. 

Calculating the labor cost of making roving or yarn, using different methods. 

Calculating the effect of draft at the different machines on the production and cost of 
the yarn made. 

303. Combing and Mule Spinning. 

Sliver and ribbon lap machines. Construction of the different machines. Methods 
of setting and operating same. 

Combers. — The different kinds of combers used; their speeds and productions. 
Comber setting and adjusting and methods of operating. 

Roll varnishing. The percentage scale and its use. Practice work in setting and 
operating the different combers. 

Calculations for speeds, drafts, productions, etc., on the lap machines and combers. 

Mules. — The spinning mule and its uses. The special features of the mule. De- 
scription of the construction and operation of the different parts of the mule. Calcula- 
tions for speeds, drafts, etc., and all calculations required in making changes. 

Practice work in laying out and carrying through the work for making different counts 
of yarn from the raw stock to the finished thread. 

304. Twisting and Cotton Classing. 

The Object of Twisting. — Different styles of twisters used. Wet and dry twisting. 
Direction of twist. Effect of twist on the strength, weight or counts. 

Preparing yarn for twisting. 

Making ply threads, cords, cordonnet and sewing threads. 

Sizes of rings and spindle speeds for different threads. Calculations for speeds, twists 
and productions. 

Cotton Classing. — Different species of cotton plants. 

Cultivation of cotton. The different varieties of cotton and the class of goods for which 
they are best adapted. 

Cotton picking, ginning, baling and marketing. The selection of cotton for different 
classes of goods. 

Cotton grading and stapling. 

Practice work in running work from raw stock to spinning and twisting. 

305. Test Work and Roller Covering. 

Test Work. — Testing different classes of cotton and comparing results for waste 
removed and strength of yarn made. Testing different methods of handling cotton, 
using different speeds; drafts and numbers of processes used and comparing results. 

Roller Covering. — Covering top roll and under clearers. 

Cutting, piecing, drawing on, burning down and burnishing. 

306. Yarn Testing and Comber Reneedling. 

Yarn Testing. — Testing yarns for weight or counts, breaking weight (skein or 
single). Inspecting yarn, testing for moisture, amount of twist in single or ply yarn. 
Testing for contraction in single yarn; for contraction or expansion in ply threads. 
Testing for elasticity. 

Comber Reneedling. — Cleaning off, setting needles, soldering on, building half 
laps, polishing and finishing same. 

Practical work in running tests through the machines. 



34 



TEXTBOOKS AND LECTURE SHEETS USED IN THE SCHOOL. 

Chemistry Department. 

Morgan and Lyman's " Chemistry," Noyes' " Qualitative Analysis," Talbot's 
"Quantitative Analysis," Remsen & Orndorff's " Organic Chemistry," Blanchard's 
" Synthetic Inorganic Chemistry," Smith's "General Chemistry for Colleges." 

Mechanical Department. 

"Practical Mechanics," Hale; W. H. Timbie's "Essentials of Electricity." 

Other Departments. 

No textbooks are used in the departments other than those named above. Lec- 
tures are prepared by the heads of the departments covering the work in detail, 
multigraphed, and sold to the students at cost. These, with design books, design 
pads and notebooks, constitute the working material to be provided by students. 



35 



EVENING CLASSES. 



Evening instruction, similar to the day, on the same machinery and by the 
heads of the day departments assisted by practical skilled men from the mills, is 
given for the benefit of workers in local mills and machine shops. The instruc- 
tion in the evening classes is divided into sections so as to give the greatest possible 
facilities to the students in these classes. 

Certificates are granted to all students in the evening classes who have success- 
fully completed the equivalent to two years' work, two evenings a week. The 
certificate states the subjects that the student has passed in, and the length of time 
he has devoted to the work. 

Evening students are enrolled at the commencement of both the fall and spring 
terms. The subjects taken up in the different evening courses follow the detailed 
topics as specified on pages 35 to 37. 

Students enrolling in the regular Chemistry and Dyeing Course are required to 
make a deposit of $5 for breakage. In case the breakage caused by any student 
does not equal the amount of his deposit, the balance is returned to him at the end 
of the school year. / 

The school is in session four evenings a week for twenty-four weeks, — Mon- 
day, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, from 7.30 to 9.15 for all classes except those 
taking the Chemistry and Dyeing Course. Those classes are held three nights a 
week, — Monday and Tuesday, from 7 to 9.30, and Thursday, from 7.15 to 9.15. 

For terms of admission, see page 39 of this catalogue. 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION, EVENING CLASSES. 

Carding and Spinning Department. 

Picking, Carding and Drawing: one year, two evenings a week. 

Advanced Picking and Carding: one term, one evening a week. 

Combing: one term, two evenings a week. 

Roving Frames: one term, two evenings a week. 

Advanced Drawing and Roving Frames: one term, one evening a week. 

Ring Spinning and Twisting: one term, two evenings a week. 

Mule Spinning : one year, two evenings a week. 

Cotton Sampling: one term, one evening a week. 

Advanced Calculations in Carding and Spinning: one year, one evening a week. 

Weaving and Warp Preparation Departments. 

Spooling, Warping and Slashing: one term, two evenings a week. 

Automatic Loom Fixing: one term, two evenings a week. 

Plain Loom Fixing : one term, two evenings a week. 

Fancy Loom Fixing: one term, two evenings a week. 

French, Portuguese and Polish Classes in Loom Fixing. 

Advanced Calculations in Weaving: one term, two evenings a week. 

Warp Drawing for Women: one term, two evenings a week. 



36 



Designing Department. 

Elementary Designing: one term, two evenings a week. 
Advanced Designing: one term, two evenings a week. 
Elementary Analysis : one term, two evenings a week. 
Advanced Analysis : one term, two evenings a week. 
Jacquard Designing: one term, two evenings a week. 

Knitting Department. 

Special Knitting: two evenings a week each term. 

Engineering Department. 

Mechanical Drawing: one year, two evenings a week. 
Advanced Drawing : one year, two evenings a week. 
Machine Drawing: one year, two evenings a week. 
Mechanical Designing: one year, two evenings a week. 
Machine-shop Practice: one year, two evenings a week. 
Advanced Shop Work: one year, two evenings a week. 
Steam Engineering, Boilers: one term, one evening a week. 
Steam Engineering, Engines: one term, one evening a week. 
Elementary Electricity: one year, one evening a week. 

Chemistry Department. 

General Chemistry: one year, two evenings a week. 
Qualitative Analysis: one year, two evenings a week. 
Quantitative Analysis: one year, two evenings a week. 
Organic Chemistry: one year, two evenings a week. 
Textile Chemistry I: one year, two evenings a week. 
Textile Chemistry II: one year, two evenings a week. 
Dyeing I : one year, two evenings a week. 
Dyeing II : one year, two evenings a week. 
Dyeing III: one year, one evening a week. 

Mathematics. 

Cost Finding: one term, two evenings a week. 

Arithmetic: one term, two evenings a week. 

Mill Calculations : one term, two evenings a week. 

Evening Diploma Courses. 

The school diploma will be granted to those students of the evening classes who 
successfully complete the work specified under the following courses: — 

I. Carding and Spinning. — Picking and Carding, Drawing and Roving 
Frames, Combing, Ring Spinning and Twisting, Mule Spinning, Cotton Sampling, 
Advanced Calculations in Carding and Spinning, Mechanical Drawing, Advanced 
Drawing. 

II. Weaving and Designing. — Spooling, Warping and Slashing, Plain 
Weaving and Fixing, Fancy Weaving and Fixing, Elementary Designing and 
Cloth Construction, Advanced Designing and Cloth Construction, Jacquard 
Designing, Cotton Sampling, Mechanical Drawing, Advanced Drawing. 

III. Chemistry and Dyeing. — General Chemistry, Qualitative Analysis, 
Quantitative Analysis, Organic Chemistry, Textile Chemistry I, Textile Chemistry 
II, Dyeing I, Dyeing II, Dyeing III, Mechanical Drawing, Advanced Drawing. 



37 



Courses for Women. 

Several courses are open for women in both the day and evening classes, and a 
number have pursued them successfully. They are as follows: — 

Textile Designing. 
Chemistry and Dyeing. 
Cost Finding. 
Cotton Sampling. 
Warp Drawing. 



38 



GENERAL INFORMATION. 



CONDITIONS OF ADMISSION TO DAY CLASSES. 

Candidates for admission to the regular day courses must be at least sixteen years 
of age. Those who have been students of other technical institutions, colleges or 
universities are required to furnish a certificate of honorable dismissal from those 
institutions. Candidates having a graduate's certificate from a high school or 
other educational institution of equal standing are admitted without examination. 
Other applicants for admission to courses other than the Chemistry and Dyeing 
Course are required to undergo examinations in arithmetic, English, and com- 
mercial geography. Candidates for the Chemistry and Dyeing Course are required 
to pass, in addition, examinations in elementary algebra and plane geometry. 

A candidate, whether desiring to be enrolled on certificate or by passing the 
entrance examination, must fill out an application blank, which should be delivered 
at the school as early as possible before the opening of the year. 

Applicants desiring to take up special studies in the school may be admitted, 
provided their applications are approved by the Principal. Such students shall 
be known as specials, and, upon satisfactory completion of their work in the school, 
shall be given certificates stating the work they have covered and the time they have 
been in attendance. 

No applicant is admitted to the regular courses of the school after the first four 
weeks unless he has already covered the work of the school for the time preceding 
the date of his application; nor shall any change in any student's course be made 
after the first four weeks of admission except by permission of the Principal. 

ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS FOR DAY STUDENTS. 

The examinations for those desiring to enter the school at the opening of the fall 
term of 1922 will be held at the school only, on Wednesday, June 14, and on Friday, 
September 8, at 9 a.m. 
The detailed topics dealt with in the entrance examinations are as follows : — 
Algebra, to quadratics; geometry, plane geometry. Required for admission to 
Chemistry Course only. 

Arithmetic. 

Definitions, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, factors, multiples, 
cancellation, fractions, decimals, percentage, interest, ratio and proportion, square 
root, compound quantities, mensuration, metric system. 

English. 

The candidate will-be required to show his ability to spell, capitalize and punctuate 
correctly; to show a practical knowledge of the essentials of English grammar, a 
good training in the construction of the sentence, and familiarity with the simple 
principles of paragraph division and structure. 

He will be required to write a business letter, and one or more short articles on 
subjects assigned from which he may select. Ability to express himself clearly 
and accurately will be considered of prime importance. 




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39 



Commercial Geography. 

Farm products of the United States, where raised; our mines, and where located; 
our manufactures, and where established; our exports, and to what countries; our 
imports, and from what countries; our transportation facilities. 

CONDITIONS OF ADMISSION TO EVENING CLASSES. 

Candidates for admission to evening classes must be at least fourteen years of age. 

Those desiring admission to the chemistry department and the steam and elec- 
trical departments must pass examinations in arithmetic and English, as prescribed 
for admission to the day classes. 

Those desiring to enter any of the courses in the other departments must satisfy 
the head of the department which they desire to enter that they have sufficient 
knowledge to be benefited by the instruction offered. 

FEES. 

Day Students. — No tuition fee is charged day students who are residents of 
Massachusetts. For non-resident students the fee is $150 a year, payable in ad- 
vance in two equal installments, — at the opening of the fall term and at the end 
of the first semester. No student shall be admitted to the classes until his tuition 
is paid. No fees are refunded except by special action of the Board of Trustees. 

The above fee includes admission to any of the evening classes in which there is 
accommodation, and which the day students may desire to attend. 

A deposit of $10 is required of all day students taking the regular Chemistry 
and Dyeing Course. A deposit of $5 is required of students taking chemistry in 
connection with any other course. This deposit is to cover the cost of any break- 
age that may occur, but in case the actual breakage exceeds this amount an addi- 
tional charge is made. Any unexpended balance is returned at the end of the year. 
To non-resident students a further charge of $10 for chemicals is made. 

Students are required to supply themselves with such books, tools and materials 
as are recommended by the school, and pay for any breakage or damage that they 
may cause in addition to the above-named fee. A fee of $3 is charged each day 
student, to be used for assisting in the maintenance of athletics in the school. 

Evening Students. — No tuition fee is charged evening students. Students en- 
rolled in the Chemistry and Dyeing Course are required to make a deposit of $5 
for breakage. In case the breakage caused by any student does not equal the 
amount of his deposit, the balance is returned to him at the close of the school year, 
but if the breakage is in excess of this deposit, the student is charged the additional 
amount. Evening students are required to supply themselves with such books and 
materials as are recommended by the school, but this charge is small. 

SCHOOL HOURS. 

The school hours for the day classes are from 8.30 to 12 each morning except 
Saturdays, with afternoon sessions from 1.30 to 4.30 except Saturdays. For sessions 
of evening classes see page 35. 

EXAMINATIONS, CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS. 

Written examinations are held twice a year, and other tests from time to time to 
determine the standing of students in their work. 

The final examination is held at the end of the spring term. Results of these 
examinations, together with the student's marks recorded from recitations, practical 
demonstrations and student's books, are taken into account in ranking students 
at the end of each year and for graduation. Unsatisfactory progress necessitates 
the student's repeating his studies. 



40 

Diplomas are given on the satisfactory completion of a course of study extending 
over a period of three years in connection with each course, if the student's record 
is otherwise satisfactory. 

Students taking special courses, in most cases, are entitled to a certificate if they 
honorably and satisfactorily complete the course of instruction scheduled. 

Day students are required to spend as much time daily out of school hours in 
study, such as recording lectures and other notes, as may be necessary to maintain 
proper standing. The students' books are examined by the instructors periodically, 
and the care and accuracy with which they are kept is considered in ranking 
students. 

CONDUCT. 

Students are required to conduct themselves in an orderly and gentlemanly 
manner while in attendance at the school. When the conduct of any student is 
considered by the Principal of the school detrimental to its best interests, he will 
be suspended by him and the case reported to the Board of Trustees for action. 

Any student who presents at any time work as his own which he has not per- 
formed, or tries to pass an examination by dishonorable means, shall be regarded as 
having committed a serious offence. 

Students shall exercise due care in the use of the school apparatus and machinery. 
All breakages and accidents must be reported at once to the instructor in charge, 
and the student will be held liable for any wilful damage or the result of gross 
carelessness. 

ATTENDANCE. 

Day students taking the regular courses are required to attend every exercise of 
the school; special students, every exercise called for by their schedules. For every 
case of absence or tardiness students must present an excuse to the Principal. A 
certain number of unsatisfactory excuses will render the student liable to suspension 
and further action if cause is sufficient. 

When the attendance of an evening student is unsatisfactory he will render 
himself liable to be dropped from the school. 

i 

BOARD AND ROOMS. 

New Bedford is unusually desirable as a residential city, and students will find 
numerous houses of private families and boarding houses where they may obtain 
room and board. 

No requirements are made as to residence of out-of-town students, although 
facilities are given by having addresses of suitable houses on file at the school. 

No definite estimate can be made of the cost, as this depends entirely on the 
tastes of the student, but board and room may be obtained for from $12 per week 
upwards. 

TOOLS AND MATERIALS. 

Students are required to purchase such materials, textbooks, tools and apparatus 
as may be required from time to time by the school authorities, or make deposits 
on such as are loaned to them. The supplies required vary with the courses for 
which the students enter, the cost being from $15 to $25 per year. 

LIBRARY. 

The school maintains a library that contains all the best works on carding and 
spinning, weaving, designing, knitting, dyeing and mechanics; also a consulting 
encyclopedia and an international dictionary. Catalogues and pamphlets dealing 
with machinery or processes related to textile work are also on file, as are all the 
leading textile journals and trade papers. The students have access to the library 
during school hours. 



41 



ATHLETICS. 

The school has an athletic association, and the students participate actively in 
various sports and games. There are several athletic fields open to the students 
for their outdoor sports. The management of the school will give all reasonable 
encouragement and support to the furtherance of healthful recreation and manly 
sports for its students. 

For fee for same see page 39 of this catalogue. 

THE WILLIAM FIRTH SCHOLARSHIP AT THE NEW BEDFORD TEXTILE 

SCHOOL. 

The donation of William Firth, Esq., has established a scholarship at the New 
Bedford Textile School, primarily for the benefit of a son of a member or of a 
deceased member of the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers, furnishing 
to the recipient of such scholarship $180 a year for the course. Candidates for this 
scholarship must apply by letter only, addressed to the National Association of 
Cotton Manufacturers, P. 0. Box 3672, Boston, Mass. The candidates must 
be at least sixteen years of age and furnish certificates of good moral character, 
and those who have been students of other technical institutions, colleges or other 
universities are required to furnish certificates of honorable dismissal from such 
institutions. Those applicants conforming to the above conditions are nominated 
by the Board of Government to the New Bedford Textile School, and the selection 
of the candidate for the scholarship is made as the result of an examination held at 
New Bedford, Mass. Every candidate, previous to the examination, must file an 
application at the school for admission, agreeing to observe the rules and regulations 
of the school. Candidates are eligible for any of the courses included in the curricu- 
lum of the school. 

In case the son of a member or of a deceased member of the National Association 
of Cotton Manufacturers does not apply for the scholarship, any person eligible 
for entrance to the school may make application. 

This scholarship will be available in the fall of 1924. 

THE MANNING EMERY, Jr., SCHOLARSHIP AT THE NEW BEDFORD 

TEXTILE SCHOOL. 

The donation by the Passaic Cotton Mills Corporation and its employees of the 
sum of $3,000 has established a scholarship at the New Bedford Textile School, 
primarily for the benefit of the employees of the Passaic Cotton Mills Corporation 
and in accordance with an indenture entered into between the above-named Passaic 
Cotton Mills Corporation and its employees and the Trustees of the New Bedford 
Textile School. 

In default of any application from an employee of the Passaic Cotton Mills 
Corporation who is deemed by the Trustees of the New Bedford Textile School as 
qualified to enter that institution, the Trustees of the New Bedford Textile School 
may, at their discretion, nominate, with the approval of the Passaic Cotton Mills 
Corporation, some other person to be the beneficiary of this scholarship. Such 
applicants must comply with such reasonable regulations and conditions as said 
New Bedford Textile School may from time to time adopt in relation thereto. 

From said applicants one shall be selected by the Trustees of the New Bedford 
Textile School as a beneficiary of said scholarship. 

This scholarship will not be available until the fall of 1924. 



42 



THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COTTON MANUFACTURERS' 

MEDAL. 

The National Association of Cotton Manufacturers offers a medal to be awarded 
each year to the student in the graduating class who shows the greatest proficiency 
in scholarship. This is determined by an examination of the records of the students' 
progress throughout their studies, which are recorded and reported upon by the 
instructors and kept permanently on file. . 

The competition for this medal is open to all day students who graduate in the 
Complete Cotton Manufacturing Course, or to evening students who have com- 
pleted studies comprised in that course and graduated therein. The association 
offering the medal has made it a condition of the award that at least four members 
of the graduating class be eligible to the competition. 

THE WILLIAM E. HATCH MEDAL. 

This medal is awarded to the member of the freshman class, taking the General 
Cotton Manufacturing Course, who ranks the highest in scholarship for the year. 
It is presented by Mr. Allen K. Remington, president of the Alumni Association, 
to commemorate the day of Mr. Hatch's retirement from the presidency of the 
school. 

THE PETER SLATER MEDAL. 

This medal is presented by Mr. Victor 0. B. Slater, a graduate of the evening 
classes of the school, in memory of his father, Peter Slater, who was a loyal friend of 
the school. It is awarded to the student, graduating from the evening classes in 
Textile Design, who has attained the highest standing for the two-year course. 



43 



EQUIPMENT. 



COTTON CARDING AND SPINNING DEPARTMENT. 

This department occupies nearly the entire first floor of the machinery building, 
and has approximately 9,000 square feet of floor surface. The equipment is large 
and diversified, enabling the students to become acquainted with practically all 
the leading makes of machines found in the carding or spinning departments of 
cotton mills. 

A special feature of the equipment is the large number of models of the principal 
parts of the different machines in this department. These models are so mounted 
that the different settings and adjustments can be made equally as well as on the 
machine itself, and thus enable the student to grasp more readily the essential 
points, since the parts are much more readily accessible. 

The department is humidified by the system of the American Moistening Com- 
pany. 

Picker Room. 

1 Carver cotton gin. 

1 Kitson roving waste machine. 

1 Kitson automatic feeder and beater section. 

1 Kitson opener and breaker lapper. 

1 new Kitson lapper. 

1 Howard & Bullough finisher lapper. 

1 extra Kirschner beater for lapper. 

1 porcupine beater for instruction purposes. 

1 section cleaning trunk. 

Carding and Spinning Room. 

1 Mason card. 

2 Howard & Bullough cards. 
1 Saco & Pettee card. 

1 Hetherington card. 

1 Potter & Johnston card. 

2 Whitin cards. 

1 Woonsocket card. 

1 Whitin silver lap machine. 

1 Hetherington sliver lap machine. 

1 Whitin ribbon lap machine. 

3 Whitin combers. 

1 Hetherington comber. 

1 Nasmith comber. 

1 Mason railway head. 

1 Saco & Pettee improved railway head. 

1 Saco & Pettee draw frame. 

1 Howard & Bullough draw frame. 

2 Woonsocket draw frames. 
1 Whitin draw frame. 

1 Woonsocket slubber. 

1 Woonsocket second intermediate. 

1 Providence first intermediate. 

1 Howard & Bullough Slubber. 

1 Howard & Bullough second intermediate. 

1 Dobson & Barlow fine roving frame. 

1 Saco & Pettee fine roving frame. 

2 Whitin spinning frames. 



44 

2 Howard & Bullough spinning frames. 

2 Saco-Lowell spinning frames. 

1 Fales & Jenks spinning frame. (Motor-driven.) 

1 Fales & Jenks special spinning frame for experimental work. 

1 spinning frame equipped with eclipse roving stop motion. 

1 Mason mule. 

1 Hetherington mule. 

2 Draper twisters. 

1 Draper banding machine. 

1 Fales & Jenks twister. (Motor-driven.) 

1 Collins Brothers twister. 

1 Dronsfield card flat grinding and testing machine. 

1 Dronsfield card clothing machine. 

1 Hetherington camless winder. 
4 Universal winders. 

2 Foster doubling winders. 

Equipment for roll covering and comber reneedling. 

Testing Machines. 

1 Moscrop single thread tester. 

2 Goodbrand thread testers. 
Scott combination yarn and cloth tester with automatic recorder. 
Goodbrand conditioning and testing machine. 
Goodbrand inspecting machine. 
Goodbrand yarn reels. 
Knowles yarn balance. 
Brown & Sharpe yarn scales. 
Goodbrand roving reel. 
Brown & Sharpe roving reel. 
Percentage scale. 
Goodbrand picker lap scale. 
Bausch & Lomb microphotographic machine. 
Torsion balance. 
Comins electric psychometer. 
Sling psychometers. 
inspection cabinet, 
conditioning closet (dry). 

_ conditioning closet (wet). 

2 twist counters with contraction and expansion attachment. 

Scott twist counter. 

thread splicer. 

Models. 

case English spinning and twisting spindles. 

case American spinning and twisting spindles. 

Howard differential motions. 

Dobson & Barlow differential motion. 

Woonsocket differential motion. 

Asa Lees differential motion. 

Howard & Bullough roving frame builder motion. 

Woonsocket roving frame builder motion. 

Whitin spinning frame builder motion. 

Draper twister builder motion. 

Nasmith nipper frame. 

Nasmith cylinder. 

Providence roving frame swing motion. 

WEAVING AND WARP PREPARATION DEPARTMENT. 

This department occupies all of the second floor of the machinery building and 
two rooms on the third floor, and contains about 15,000 square feet of floor area. 
The equipment is very complete, and includes sufficient machinery to enable each 
student to obtain all the practical experience required in connection with his studies. 
All of the latest machinery is represented in this equipment, and as the machinery 
is made especially for use in the school it fully meets the needs of the students. 



45 



The list of machines is as follows : — 



4 Draper Automatic Looms plain 2-harness. 

1 Mason standard print loom. 

1 Mason plain and 5-harness loom. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain loom. 

2 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain and 3-harness looms. 

2 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain and 4-harness looms. 

3 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) plain and 5-harness looms. 
2 Whitin plain and 3-harness looms. 

2 Whitin plain and 4-harness looms. 

9 Whitin plain and 5-harness looms. 

1 Stafford automatic bobbin-changing loom. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 6 by 1 gingham loom. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 2 by 1 automatic bobbin-changing gingham loom. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 4 by 1 gingham loom. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 3 by 1 12-harness towel loom. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 4 by 1 20-harness Providence and No. 13 multiplier. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 20-harness double cylinder. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 20-harness Providence dobby. 

2 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 2-bar lappet looms. 

3 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 25-harness 2 by 1 box and leno motion. 
8 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 16-harness 2 by 1 box and leno motion. 
3 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 25-harness and leno motion. 

6 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20-harness and leno motion. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 20-harness dobby. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) rise and drop Jacquard, 200 hooks. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) double-lift Jacquard, 208 hooks. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) double-lift Jacquard, 300 hooks. 

1 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) double-lift Jacquard, 400 hooks. 

2 Crompton & Knowles (Providence) 4x1 20-harness dobbies. 
2 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 4x1 20-harness dobbies. 

2 Crompton & Knowles (Worcester) 4x1 20-harness dobbies. 
1 Whitin 25-harness 2 by 1 box motion. 

1 Whitin 25-harness 2 by 1 box motion and Leno motion. 

3 Whitin 25-harness leno motions. 
1 Whitin 20-harness leno motion. 

1 Stafford (Readville) 20-harness and automatic shuttle changer. 

1 Stafford 25-harness dobby. 

3 Kilburn & Lincoln 25-harness dobbies. 

There are also models for demonstrating leno motions, box motions, warp-stop 
motions, etc.: — 

12 drawing-in frames. 

1 Draper spooler. 

1 Easton & Burnham spooler. 

1 Entwistle warper. 

1 Entwistle ball warper. 

1 Entwistle beamer. 

2 Draper warpers. 

1 Howard & Bullough slasher. 

DESIGNING DEPARTMENT. 

The design classroom is located on the third floor of the recitation building, and 
is a large, well-lighted room containing all the appliances necessary for instruction 
in this important subject. Special attention has been given to the method of light- 
ing this room to give the best results, and the desks are made with special reference 
to the needs of the student of designing. 

The hand loom work is located in a large room on the third floor of the machinery 
building. This room contains twenty-eight hand looms adapted to the use of 
students in experimental work, and in putting into practice the theory of designing, 
and also to enable them to produce certain of the designs that they are taught in 
the designing class. The room is well lighted by a saw-tooth roof. 



46 

The card cutting room contains two Royle card cutting machines and a card 
lacing frame, thus enabling the students working Jacquard designs to cut their own 
cards. 

Equipment. 

Hand Looms, 26 Dobby and 1 Jacquard. 
1 20-spindle bobbin winder. 

1 hand bobbin winder. 

2 Royle card-cutting machines. 
1 card-lacing frame. 

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT. 

Instruction in the mechanical department is carried on in five different rooms 
located in various parts of the new building. These rooms are arranged and fitted 
out with apparatus to meet the needs of the students following this course. The 
department is subdivided into the following sections: mechanical drawing, textile 
engineering and machine-shop work. 

Mechanical Drawing. 

The drafting room is located on the second floor of the new building, and is well 
lighted by northern and western exposures. It is equipped with independent 
drawing tables and lockers for the drawing boards and materials. For the students' 
use in connection with their drafting instruction there is a collection of models, 
mechanical apparatus and machine parts. On the third floor there is a swinging 
blue-print frame mounted on a track, and a large, dark room fitted with modern 
conveniences for blue printing. 

Steam Engineering and Elementary Electricity. 

Instruction in steam engineering and elementary electricity is given both in 
theory and practice. The theoretical part of the course is carried on in a large 
recitation room on the second floor, while the practical side is studied in the engineer- 
ing laboratory in the basement of the new building. The laboratory is supplied 
with steam direct from the boiler room, and also has gas and water connections. 
For the study of electricity there is provided a source of alternating current at 110 
volts and 220 volts pressure. 

Machine Shop. 

This department occupies about 2,800 square feet of floor surface on the first 
floor of the recitation building. The machinery is electrically driven and the equip- 
ment modern. 

The laboratory equipment consists of the following apparatus : — 

Engineering. 

1 12 inch by 24 inch Wetherill Corliss engine. 

1 5-horsepower vertical steam engine. 

1 gasoline engine. 

1 2\ k. w. compound wound special laboratory converter. 

1 oil separator. 

1 3 inch by 2 inch by 3| inch duplex feed pump. 

1 4§ inch by 2f inch by 4 inch feed pump and receiver. 

1 small model steam power plant. 

1 gauge tester. 

1 direct-current volt ammeter. 

3 alternating current ammeters. 

1 current transformer. 

1 wire resistance frame. 

1 lamp resistance frame. 

2 arc lights. 



47 

1 portable wattmeter. 

2 portable voltmeters. 
1 portable ammeter. 
1-Foot Candle Meter. 
1 tachometer. 

1 polar planimeter. 

1 type N Metropolitan injector. 

1 portable switchboard. 

3 1000-watt single phase transformers. 
1 2 k. w. direct-current generator. 

1 5-horsepower induction motor. 

1 rheostat. 

2 steam engine indicators. 
1 prony brake. 

1 Universal lecture table galvanometer. 

1 platform counter scale. 

1 blue-print frame and blue-print trimmer. 

1 42 by 60 blue-print machine. 

A large assortment of minor apparatus and tools. 

Machine Shop. 
15 engine lathes. 

2 speed lathes. 
1 20-inch drill. 

1 20 inch by 2\ inch water tool grinder. 

1 12 inch by 2 inch emery grinder. 

1 plain grinder. 

1 Greenfield Universal grinder, complete. 

1 8 inch by 20 inch miter trimmer. 

1 Universal shaping machine. 

2 16-inch shaping machines. 

2 Universal milling machines. 

1 24 inch by 6 inch planer. 

1 power hack saw. 

1 Wallace Circular Saw. 

1 4-inch Wallace Planer. 

1 gas forge. 

1 cutter and twist drill grinder. 

1 portable electric tool post grinder. 

2 machinists' work benches equipped with vises. 
1 tool cabinet containing small tools. 

1 belt lacer. 

1 Universal milling attachment. 

1 10-inch circular milling and dividing attachment. 

1 slotting attachment and set of tools. 

1 indexing attachment. 

1 rack cutting attachment. 

1 toolmaker's vise. 

1 portable electric hand drill. 

1 No. 4 Reed "Barr" single sensitive spindle drill. 

Drafting Rooms. 

37 drawing tables fitted with cabinets. 
14 adjustable drawing tables. 
39 stools. 

CHEMISTRY, DYEING AND FINISHING DEPARTMENT. 

This department occupies about 13,600 square feet, situated in the basement and 
on the first and third floors of the recitation building. This space is divided into 
four laboratories, a lecture and recitation room, a reading room and office for the 
principal of the department, and two storerooms. The general chemistry and dye- 
ing laboratory is a large, well-lighted room, 63 feet 6 inches by 20 feet, on the first 
floor, and is especially designed to meet the needs of the students in the general 



48 

courses. This laboratory is equipped with forty-two double desks in rows of three 
desks each. At the end of each row is situated the sink and dye bath. Along the 
wall, on the opposite side are the hoods. In the main special laboratory each student 
has desk space, 2 feet by 8 feet, and his own desk, dye bath and draught hood. 
Conveniently located are a large drying oven, four 10-gallon dye kettles, ,and one 
20-gallon dye kettle. This laboratory is equipped at each desk with gas, water, 
and suction in order that the student's work may be carried on with the utmost 
celerity conducive to the best results. The laboratory for converting cotton textiles 
is located in the basement. It contains all the machines necessary to demonstrate 
in practical proportions the operations involved in singeing, scouring, bleaching, 
mercerizing, dyeing, drying and calendering of cotton piece goods. This room is 
lighted in the best possible manner, and all matching of dyed goods is done under 
specially corrected electric light. 

The following is the equipment of the department: — 

1 polariscope. 
1 water still. 

3 Richards air pumps. 

4 drying ovens. 

1 power air blast and lamps. 

9 analytical balances. 

1 set gas apparatus according to Hempel. 

1 flash point tester for oils. 

1 Rabe turbine water tester. 

1 Emerson calorimeter. 

2 microscopes. 
1 water heater. 
1 autoclave. 

1 Spencer microscope No. 5, triple nose piece, objectives 16, 4, on 1.8 oil immersion, 

mechanical stage. 
1 Spencer rotary microtome with one knife and three objective disks. 
1 Campbell-Hurley calorimeter, for accurate comparison of color solutions. 
1 electric drying oven, 110-volt, with accurate temperature control. 
1 Spencer high power microscope lamp. 
6 triple beam balances. 
1 Richards blower. 
1 Orsat gas apparatus. 
1 thermometer for flue gases. 

1 |-inch Tagliabue self-operated temperature controller. 
1 hydro-extractor. 
1 26-inch Tolhurst extractor. 
1 1-horsepower motor. 
1 5-horsepower motor. 
1 Westphal balance. 
6 balances for general laboratory work. 
1 Franklin dyeing machine, complete. 
1 Hussong dyeing machine. 
1 Files system for drying cans. 

3 large water baths for analytical work. 

1 hydrogen-sulphide generator. 

2 combustion furnaces. 
1 Scott's viscosimeter. 

1 Saybolt Universal viscosimeter. 

1 Dinsmore portable sewing machine. 

1 12-horsepower, 4-speed motor. 

2 peroxide of sodium vats, 5 pounds' capacity. 
2 carboy inclinators. 

1 power grinding mill. . , 

1 Munsell photometer with special attachment for measuring daylight. 

1 6-horsepower motor, variable speeds. 

1 set apparatus for instructor's laboratory. m 

1 single-burner gas singer complete, with air pump and spark extinguisher. 

1 experimental piece mercerizing machine. „■,'".', n 

2 40-inch jigs equipped with rubber-covered beam rolls and special squeeze roller. 



49 

1 6-cylinder horizontal drying; machine, cylinder of standard diameter, and complete 
with folder and special Files exhausting device. 

1 2-roll husk combination and chilled iron steam-heated calender, equipped with ex- 
pander and special moistening device. 

1 3-roll padding machine, equipped with rubber-covered rolls and special interchangeable 
boxes for dyeing, starching or mercerizing, complete with folder. 

1 100-pound Jefferson kier. 

1 30-foot automatic tentering machine with Butterworth patent automatic clamp 
chain, having nickel plates and nippers with nickel inserts; machine equipped with 
Butterworth patent vibratory motion and two steam coils. Arranged also with 
compensator and washers so as to be convertible into a piece-mercerizing range. 

1 set rubber-covered squeeze rolls and stand, adjustable, to be used at jigs, drying cans, 

or at either end of tentering frame. 

1 high top cloth folder. 

52 double desks with reagent bottles. 

90 sets of apparatus for instruction in general chemistry. 

50 sets of apparatus for instruction in qualitative analysis. 

1 portable motor station. 

30 sets of apparatus for instruction in quantitative analysis. 

25 sets of apparatus for instruction in organic chemistry. 

40 sets of apparatus for instruction in experimental dyeing and printing including — 
2 gas-heated dye kettles, 10 gallons' capacity. 
1 gas-heated dye kettle, 20 gallons' capacity. 
4,000 samples of dyestuffs. 
14 12-hole dye baths. 

6 28-hole dye baths. 

1 large drying chamber. 

1 printing machine. 

1 wooden dye beck. 

1 steaming chest. 

1 copper color kettle. 

KNITTING DEPARTMENT. 

The knitting department occupies two large connecting rooms on the top floor 
of the machinery building, and contains about 6,600 square feet of floor area. The 
equipment is very complete, there being a greater number of machines and a larger 
variety than can be found in any similar school in the world. The work that has 
been produced by the students of this department has received high praise from 
some of the leading experts in the knitting trade, the hosiery and underwear taking 
especially high rank. 

The list of machines in this department is as follows : — 

1 Excelsior cloth dryer. 

1 Ballard electric cloth cutter. 

1 Beattie 16-point, 2-thread looper. 

1 Beattie 22-point, 2-thread looper. 

1 Koehler 20-point looper. 

1 Brinton 4-inch, 84 and 160 needle rib-top machine. 

1 Brinton 3f-inch, 108 and 188 needle rib-leg machine. 

1 Brinton 4-inch, three-quarter automatic hosiery machine. 

1 Brinton 16-inch automatic body machine. 

1 Brinton 4^-inch, 320-needle welter and automatic knee and ankle splicing rib-leg 

machine, with Wildman stop-motion. 
1 Brinton 3|-inch, 160-needle full automatic footer. 
1 Crane 36-gauge spring needle machine. 
1 Crane 15-inch spring needle rib-body machine. 

1 Crane 19-inch body machine equipped with Crawford 12-end stop-motion. 
1 Hemphill Manufacturing Company 3f-inch, 200-needle automatic hosiery machine. 
1 Hemphill Manufacturing Company 3|-inch, 220-needle full automatic hosiery 

machine. 

1 Hemphill Manufacturing Company Banner automatic footer. 

2 Huse winders. 

4 Jenckes full automatic hosiery machines. 
1 Jones hosiery and underwear brusher. 
1 Lamb sweater machine. 



50 

Lamb glove machine. 

March & Crawford 2-end stop-motion. 

March & Crawford 4-end stop-motion. 

March & Crawford 16-end stop-motion. 

Mayo 3^-mch, 200-needle full automatic footer, with high-splice and double-sole 
attachment. 

Mayo full automatic hosiery machine with yarn changer. 

Mayo 3|-inch striper. 

Mayo full automatic hosiery machines. 

Merrow, Style 60D, 3-thread trimming and overseaming machine. 

Merrow, Style 60H, 2-thread trimming, overseaming and hemming machine. 

Merrow, Style 60ED, 3-thread overedging machine. 

Merrow, Style 15A, 2-thread plain crochet machine. 

Merrow, Style 35B, shell-stitch crochet machine. 

Merrow Style 60 V. D. 2 thread clock stitch machine. 

Metropolitan Sewing Machine Company's machine for sewing on lace. 

Metropolitan, Style 30 T. C, toggle trimmer. 

Payne winder. 

set Paramount Metal Hosiery Forms. 

steam hosiery dryer with frames. 

dozen Pearson hosiery boards. 

Hurricane stocking and underwear dryer. 

hosiery press. 

Scott & Williams 3f-inch welter, 176 and 200 needle rib-top machine. 

Scott & Williams 3f-inch striper, 176 and 180-needle rib-top machine. 

Scott & Williams 4|-inch welter, 180-needle rib-leg machine. 

Scott & Williams 4j-inch welter, 216-needle rib-leg machine. 

Scott & Williams 4^-inch welter, 276-needle rib-leg machine. 

Scott & Williams 4^-inch welter, 300-needle rib-leg machine, with Crawford stop- 
motion. 

Scott & Williams 3 f -inch, 2-feed sleever, 220-needle machine, with Crawford stop- 
motion. 

Scott & Williams 4|-inch, 2-feed sleever, 264-needle machine, with Crawford stop- 
motion. 

Scott & Williams 10-inch, 4-feed automatic body machine, 8 by 10 cut. 

Scott & Williams 13-inch, 8-feed automatic body machine, 10 cut. 

Scott & Williams 20-inch Swiss rib machine, cut 12 to inch, with Crawford stop- 
motion. 

Scott & Williams model K 3f-inch, 220-needle, full automatic hosiery machine. 

Scott & Williams model G 3f-inch, 220-needle, full automatic half-hose machine. 

Scott & Williams model B-3, 2|-inch, 120-needle, full automatic machine for infants' 
hosiery. 

Scott & Williams top-finishing machine. 

Scott & Williams 20-inch balbriggan machine, cut 16 to inch. 

Scott & Williams 20-inch rib-border machine, cut 14 to inch, with Crawford stop- 
motion. 

Scott & Williams 3|-inch, 160-needle, seven-eighths automatic footer. 

Scott & Williams bar-stitch machine. 

Scott & Williams chain machine. 

Scott & Williams 12-point looper. 

Singer No. 44 lock-stitch finishing machine. 

Singer No. 24 chain-stitch finishing machine. 

Singer twin needle taping machine. 

Singer No. 32-29 eyeletting machine. 

Singer No. 68-7 button sewer. 

Singer No. 79-1 drawer strapper. 

Stafford & Holt 14-inch fancy sweater machine. 

Standard Sewing Machine Company's buttonhole machine. 

Tompkins knitting table, 22 and 36 gauge. 

Union Special Machine Company flat bed twin needle machine. 

Union Special Machine Company collarette machine. 

Union Special Machine Company button-facing machine. 

Union Special Machine Company seaming machine with Dewees trimmer. 

Union Special Machine Company toggle grinder. 
2 Union Special Machine Company twin needle covering machines. 
1 Union Special Machine Company drawer finishing machine. 




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1 Union Special Machine Company hemming and seaming machine. 
1 United Shoe Machinery Company eyeletting machine. , 
1 Wilett & Gibbs lock-stitch machine. 
1 Wilett & Gibbs flat lock machine. 
1 Wilett & Gibbs over lock machine. 

1 Wildman 3f-inch, 2 feed-striper and fancy pattern machine. 
1 Wildman necktie machine. 

1 Wildman 3^-inch ribber with selvage welt and striper. 
1 Wildman 3|-inch selvage welt machine. 
1 Wildman 13-inch automatic 8 and 12 cut body machine. 
1 Wildman 4|-inch sleever. 

1 Wildman 18-inch Swiss rib machine with Crawford stop-motion. 
1 Wildman 4j-inch, 216-needle, rib-leg machine. 
1 Wright 22-point looper. 

1 Universal cone winder (super cone), 12 spindles. 
1 Universal cone winder (regular), 6 spindles. 
1 ^-horsepower motor. 
1 f-horsepower motor. 

1 Wildman 4i-inch, 272-needle, rib-leg machine with lace attachment (Wildman ma- 
chines equipped with Wildman stop-motions) . 
1 Skevington floating thread cutter. 
1 Foster Machine Company cone winder, 16 ends. 
1 Saco & Lowell Camless winder. 



POWER, HEAT AND LIGHT PLANT. 

For some years the school manufactured its power and light, but owing to the 
growth of the school plant it became necessary either to make a large expenditure 
for a new power plant or to purchase power and light. The latter plan was deter- 
mined upon. 

The following equipment is still retained in this department : — 

1 Cahall 60-horsepower vertical boiler. 

1 Stirling 105-horsepower water tubular boiler. 

1 B. & W. 155-horsepower water tubular boiler. 

1 Dillon shaking grate. 

1 Deane 4| inch by 2f inch by 4 inch duplex double outside packed plunger steam 
pump, connected to a receiver tank. 

1 Deane 4 inch by 3 inch by 4 inch single steam pump. 

1 Riley 100-horsepower feed water heater. 

1 Atwood and Morrill damper regulator. 

1 Sturtevant 75-horsepower horizontal center crank engine. 

1 Westinghouse 50 k. w., 220-volt, 3-phase, alternating current generator, direct con- 
nected. 

1 Westinghouse 4 k. w., 125-volt, direct-current generator. 

1 General Electric recording wattmeter. 

1 W. S. Hill 4-panel switchboard equipped with 9 Wagner indicating ammeters, 2 

Wagner indicating voltmeters, 1 Thomson 50 k. w. 3-phase integrating wattmeter, 
2 direct-reading k. w. meters, 14 Wagner current transformers, 1 Westinghouse 
combination rheostat, 1 General Electric combination rheostat, 2 Condit Electrical 
Manufacturing Company's 250-volt circuit breakers, all necessary switches, bus 
bars, etc. 

2 wing turbine fans for forced draft. 
1 Cockrane oil separator. 

1 Steam separator, 1 reducing valve, 1 back-pressure valve, 1 oil filter, 1 blow-off tank. 

2 Anderson No. 3 high-pressure steam traps. 
5 Nason low-pressure steam traps. 

3 Stirling low-pressure steam traps. 
1 Reliable electric vacuum pump. 

1 Ash elevator. 

1 Sturtevant heating and ventilating outfit. 
1. American moistening outfit. 

9 General Electric induction motors, equipped with oil starting switches. 

2 Westinghouse motors. 



52 



GRADUATION EXERCISES. 



The graduation exercises for the school year 1921-22 were held in the hall of 
the school Thursday evening, June 8, 1922. 

PROGRAMME 

Overture Bizet 

Olympia Studio Orchestra. 

Prayer. 

Rev. Harry Beal. 

Opening Address. 

William E. Hatch, President of the Board of Trustees. 

Selection (Hits from "Sally") Hirsch 

Olympia Studio Orchestra. 

Address. 

Dr. Payson Smith, Commissioner of Education for Massachusetts. 

Cornet Solo ............ Selected 

L. R. Yaeger. 

Address. 

Harry C. Meserve, Secretary, National Association of Cotton Manufacturers. 

Selection (Hits from " Music Box") ....... Berlin 

Olympia Studio Orchestra. 



Presentation of Diplomas and Certificates to Graduates of Day and Evening Classes. 

William E. Hatch. 

Presentation of Medals: 

National Association of Cotton Manufacturers Medal . Harry C. Meserve 

William E. Hatch Medal . . . . . Abbott P. Smith, Trustee 

Peter Slater Medal . . . Hon. Walter H. B. Remington, Mayor 

Selection M. Lake 

Olympia Studio Orchestra. 



53 



GRADUATES — 1922. 
Diploma Courses — Day Classes. 



General Cotton Manufacturing. 



Elbert Victor Adams. 
Allen Durfee Besse. 
Edward Linden Besse, Jr. 
John James Blauvelt. 
William Macpherson Boyd. 
Malcolm Eugene Campbell. 
James Edward Coates. 
Daniel Robinson Gilmore. 



Charles Edward Hale, Jr. 
Joseph James Harney. 
\YiUiam Chapin Trafford Lewis. 
Bradford Allen Luce. 
Wallace Jeffrey Miller. 
Chester Arthur Robinson 
Eugene Francis Sweeney. 
Clifton Livingston Thornley. 
Chung-Tuh Tu. 



Chemistry, Dyeing and Finishing. 



Elizabeth Bartley Cassidy. 
George Stanley Dalrymple. 
Paul Augustine Donaghy. 
Matthew William Flaherty. 
Henry Frederick Peterson. 



Elmer Scharf. 

George William Searell. 

James Henry Turner, 3rd. 

James Watson, Jr. 

Samuel Ashcroft Whitlow, Jr. 



Fred Earl Crawford. 



Designing. 

Alfred Joseph Mainville. 
Louis Clay Whitman. 



Sigurd Horvik. 



Seamless Hosiery Knitting. 

George Sotnick. 



Hilmer H. Anderson. 
Ruby E. Brooks. 



Certificate Courses — Day Classes. 

Three- Year Courses. 

Charles H. Greene. 
Alice L. Morse. 
William J. Wheeler. 



Ruth C. Cornish. 
James E. Foster. 
Leo A. McEvoy. 



Two- Year Courses. 

George C. Mercer, Jr. x 
James A. Nelson. 
Ting-Kan Pien. 
Charles G. Simmons. 



Chen-Hsiang Hsiao. 
Francis O. McDevitt. 
John D. McKnight. 



One- Year Courses. 



William H. Moore. 
Theodore C. S. Mung. 
Hans Schoop. 



1 Out of course. 



54 



Theses Presented. 

Comparisons of Tannin Mordants of Different Dyestuffs. 
Elizabeth B. Cassidy. 

The Value of Different Scours and Oxidizing Agents in the Bleaching of 

Cotton Fibres. 

George S. Dalrymple. 

Stable Stock Emulsions. 
Paul A. Donaghy. 

Preparation of Dyes from Substituted Thioureas. 
Matthew W. Flaherty. 

An Analytical Study of the Process of Bleaching. 
Henry F. Peterson. 

A Study of Discharges on Sulfur Colors. 
Elmer Scharf. 

Comparison of Analyses of Amino Sulfonic Acids. 
George W. Searell. 

Softeners as affecting Sizing Materials. 
James H. Turner, 3rd. 

Assistance of Oils in Dyeing Cotton. 
James Watson, Jr. 

Preparation of Methylene Blue. 
Samuel A. Whitlow, Jr. 

Diploma Course — Evening Classes. 
Weaving and Designing. 

James L. Burton. 

Certificate Courses — Evening Classes. 

Two Years. 

Edward Aspin. Charles M. Hagar. 

Ellsworth D. Baker. Walwin L. Hawes. 

Nicephar Bergeron. Joseph Hudecek. . 

Oliva A. Boulet. Henry W. Jackson. 

James Burgess. Everett C. Jennings. 

George F. C. Burke. Horace E. Johnson. 

Malcolm W. Burnham. Wladyslaw Kaczarawski. 

Ernest Carr. William LaChapelle. 

William Catlow. Leonard Larrivee. 

Robert F. Chace. Theodore W. Lavalette. 

Ernest Collinge. Thomas G. Leonard. 

Harold Collins. Edward Luckraft. 

James Co well. James D. McCullough. 

Leo Desorcy John E. McFadden. 

William Desorcy. Henry Newsham. 

Leonard S. Dodge. Lewis A. Padelford. 

Alfredo Duarte. Charles Page. 

Clarence A. Edwards. Norbert G. Parent. 

Chester Goffy. John P. Parkinson. 

Gedeas Grenier. Richard Pearson. 



55 



Charles Pfeninger. 
Joseph Pietrzykowski. 
James B. Piatt. 
Valmore Poirier. 
Arthur Ponsart. 
Manuel Reis. 
Manuel A. Resendes. 
Mary Rose. 



Albert Shuttleworth. 
Norman Singleton. 
Clifford Smith. 
Paul R. Swift. 
Arthur Talbot. 
Herbert S. Taylor. 
Richard Whelan. 
Thomas W. Williamson. 
George Wright, Jr. 



Three Years. 



Albert Anterton. 
Fred Beards worth. 
Rudolph G. Blanchette. 
Francis A. Booth. 
Stephen A. Carlson. 
Vincent Duckett. 
Harry B. Fortnam. 
Pharus T. Kelty. 
Andrew C. Loring. 
Henry Luckraft. 
Wilfrid L. Mills. 



James T. Moriarty. 
Manuel G. Perry. 
John C. Rogers. 
Ernest P. Serra. 
Stuart H. Sherman. 
Edward Slater. 
John L. Souza. 
Clarence H. Taylor. 
Joseph Thexton, Jr. 
George A. Wooldridge. 
Alexander Zukowski. 



Frank Driesen. 
Alfred J. Gibbs. 
Francis E. Harrington. 
Edward J. Hunt. 
David L. Masse. 



Four Years. 

John H. McCartney. 
James Rainford. 
Manuel M. Soares. 
Joseph F. Sylvia, Jr. 
J. Arthur Tripp. 
George Walker. 



Five Years. 



Ernest M. Crossley. 
Leon F. Dumas. 



Thomas Townson. 
Frank Trojan. 



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NEW BEDFORD TEXTILE SCHOOL 

New Bedford, Mass. 



APPLICATION BLANK FOR ENROLLMENT IN 

DAY CLASSES 



I hereby make application for admission to the day classes 
of the New Bedford Textile School. 

Date 192 

Name in full — 

Age last birthday 

Home residence 

Name of parent or guardian 

Name of school last graduated from 

State in -what way you first learned of the school 



Mark X Against Course Desired 



General Cotton Manufacturing Course 



Designing Course 



Chemistry and Dyeing Course 



Carding and Spinning Course 



Seamless Hosiery Knitting Course 



Latch Needle Underwear Knitting Course 



Special Course in 



The above application should be filled out and mailed, or 
delivered, to 

THE NEW BEDFORD TEXTILE SCHOOL 
New Bedford, Mass.