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Full text of "Catalogue of the phaenogamous and vascular cryptogamous plants of Missouri"

LIBRARY 
NEW YO^ 
— BuiAN jCA _ 

MDERT A. HARPE* CATALOGUE 
REPRINT COLLECTION 



OF THE 



PH^NOGAMOUS 



f- 



VASCULAR CRYPTOGAMOUS PLANTS 



OF 



MISSOURI. 



By S. M Tracy, 

Professor of Botany, Missouri Siat? Universal 
Columbia, Mo. 



JEFFERSOX CITY: 

TRIBUNE PRINTING COMPANY, STATE PRINTERS AND BINDERS. 

1SSG. 



CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



PH^NOGAMOUS 



VASCULAR CRYPTOGAMOUS PLANTS 



MISSOURI. 



By S. M. Tracy, 

Professor of Botany, Missouri State University, 
Columbia, Mo. 



JEFFERSON CITY: 

TRIBUNE PRINTING COMPANY, STATE PRINTERS AND BINDERS. 
1886. 



■T. 



FLORS OF MISSOURI. 



By 8. M. Tracy. 

State University, Colombia, Mo. 



The following catalogue is, I believe, the first publication of any 
list of the plants of the State, excepting a ''Partial Catalogue of the 
Plmtsof Illinois and Missouri," published by Mr. Geyer about 1842 
which has long been out of print. The present catalogue was com- 
menced more than five years ago, but the press of other important 
work has prevented its earlier publication. Even now there are doubt- 
less many species which are not included as there are some sections of 
the State which I have been unable to visit, and from which I have 
found it impossible to obtain lists. The counties along the central 
part of the Southern boundary, and the extreme Northern and North- 
eastern portions of the State have not yet been carefully studied. 

The sources from which this catalogue has been made are; the 
herbarium of the State University which includes valuable collections 
made by the Stat^ Geological Survey, Prof. Swallow, Dr. Pech of 
Louisiana, Mr. Geyer and Dr. Engelmann of St. Louis and others ; the 
u Flora of Jackson County " and extensive notes from Frank Bush of 
Independence ; notes and specimens from Prof. G. C. Broadhead of 
Pleasant Hill, Geo. W. Letterman of Allenton; Mrs McCluney of Se- 
dalia, and many others. I am indebted to Prof. Trelease of Washing- 
ton University for access to the Riehl collection of Missouri plants, and 
to Mr. B. T. Galloway of Columbia, who has done the entire work of 
preparing the list of grasses, and has furnished notes upon many other 
plants. Free use has been made of the various published works of Dr. 
Gray, and the government reports of King and Wheeler. During the 
past twelve years I have visited many parts of the State, and have pre- 
served a careful record of plants observed in the different localities. 
Nearly every plant named in the catalogue has been carefully exam- 
ined by myself, and doubtful specimens have been referred to Dr. 
Gray, Vasey or other recognized authorities for verification. I have 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



endeavored to make the list accurate and have not included species of 
whose presence here I was not fully satisfied. 

The arrangement of the catalogue is made to conform to that of 
Bentham and Hooker, and the nomenclature to that of ^Gray's Flora 
of North America," and ''Gray's Manual" fifth edition. In giving 
localities I have, in most cases given the names of the counties where 
found, followed by the names of the person who collected the specimen 
now in the University herbarium, or reporting its presence. The cata- 
logue contains the names of 123 orders with 1786 species and varieties. 

From the present incomplete list it will readily be seen that the 
State has four well defined botanical regions. First, river bottom 
lands extending along the entire length of the State on the East and 
through its central portion along the Missouri river, and its larger trib- 
utaries. Second, the swamp region of the Southeast. Third, the Ozark 
region, including the hilly and broken country which covers a large 
portion of the State South of. the Missouri river. Fourth, the prairie 
region which includes a large portion of the State North of the Missouri 
river, together with the Northwestern portion of the part of the State 
South of the Missouri river. In the extreme Northwest, the flora as- 
sumes a character much resembling that which is typical of the West- 
ern plains. The constantly changing character of the flora of a newly 
settled country, makes it practically impossible to make a list whicn 
is complete in all its details, as new plants are yearly introduced, or 
are found in new localities driving out the earlier forms and producing 
constant changes. When the State was organized our hills and prairies 
produced an abundant growth of buffalo grass which soon gave place 
to the blue joint which is, in turn being driven out by the more valu- 
able blue-grass. With cultivation came purslane, dandelion, lambs- 
quarter and hosts of other troublesome weeds from the East, and 
within the last ten years the prickly solanum has immigrated from the 
far West and now seems perfectly at, home in the streets of St. Louis. 

It is earnestly desired that the catalogue be made as complete as 
possible, and to this end botanists and all others are requested to send 
notes and specimens of plants not named in the present catalogue, or 
from new localities. All such specimens will be placed in the Uni- 
versity herbarium, and duly acknowledged in future editions of the 
catalogue. 

December 31, 1885. 



CATALOGUE. 



RANUNCULACE^E. 

Crowfoot Family. 

1. Clematis Fremonti, Watson. Virgin's Bower. 

Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, (Letterman), St. Louis, 
(Eggert). 

2. Pitch eri, Torr & Gray. 

Bates and Jackson, (Bush), Boone, (Tracy), Harrison and 
Livingston. (Broadhead), Iron, (Galloway). 

3. Viorna, L. Leather Flower. 
Cass and Greene, (Broadhead), Greene, (Shepard). 

4. Virginiana, L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Cole an 1 Eastward, (Broadhead), Missis- 
sippi, (Galloway), Pike, (Pech). 

5. Thalictruin anemonoides, Michx. Meadow Rue. 

Boone, ( Tracy), Greene, (Shepard), St. Louis, (Geyer and 
Kellogg). 

6. Cornuti, L. Tall Meadow Rue. 
Boone, (Galloway.) Chss, (Engelmann.) Lincoln and Linn, 

(Broadhead). Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

7. dioicum, L. Early Meadow Rue. 

Iron, (Broadhead). 

8. purpurascens, L. Purple Meadow Rue. 
Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), 

Pike, (Pech). 

9. Anemone acutiloba, DC. Wind Flower. 

Jefferson and St. Louis, (Letterman,) Stone, (Shepard). 

10. cylindrica, Gray. Long fruited Anemone. 

Greene, (Shepard), Mercer, (Broadhead). 

11. decapetala, L. m Carolina Anemone. 
Bates, Cass and Vernon and in Western Mo. only, (Broad- 
head), Greene, (Shepard), Rare in Jackson, (Bush). 



6 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



12. dichotoma, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

13. Hepatica, L. Liver-leaf. 
Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Kellogg and Murtfeldt), Central 

and Eastern Missouri, (Broadhead). 

14. nemorosa, L. Wind Flower, 
Boone, (Tracy), Howard and Knox, (Broadhead), St. Louis, 

(Murtfeldt). \ 

15. parviflora, Michx. Small-flowered Anemone. 

Knox and along Mo. river, (Broadhead). 

16. patens, L., var. Nuttalliana, Gray. Pasque Flower. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

17. Virginiana, L. Virginian Anemone. 
Boone, (Galloway), Cole, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), 

Pike, (Pech) St. Louis, (Reihl). 

18. Permsylvanica, L. Pennsylvanian Anemone. 

Bjone, (Tracy). Warren, (Broadhead), 

19. Myosurus minimus, L. Mouse-tail. 

Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, 4 
(Murtfeldt). 

20. Ranunculus abortivus, L. Small-flowered Crowfoot. 

Common. 

21. var. micranthus, Gray. 
Boone, (Galloway), Benton, (Swallow), Jackson, (Bush), 

Miller, (Winick) St. Louis, (Geyer). 

22. acri&i Z., Buttercup. 

Chariton, (Swallow). 

23. aquatilis, L., var. tricophyllus, Chaix. Water Crowfoot. 
Adair, Jasper, St. Charles and Western Mo., (Broadhead), 

Pike, (Pech). 

24. var. stagnatilis, UC. 
Little Blue river, Jackson, (Bush). 

25. fascicularis, Muhl. Early Crowfoot. 
Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

26. multifidus, Pursh. Yellow Water Crowfoot # 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

27. muricatuS) Z., 

Miller, (Winick). 

28. Pennsylvanicus,L. Bristly Crowfoot 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 



CATALOGUE. 



29. recurvatus, Poir. Hooked Crowfoot 
Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), Pike, 

(Pech). 

30. repens, L. Creeping Crowfoot. 

Common everywhere. 

31. rhomboideus, Goldie. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

32. sceleratus , L. Cursed Crowfoot. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

33. Hydrastis Canadensis, L. Yellow Puccoon. 

Rich woods throughout the State, but nowhere abundant. 

34. Isopyrum biternatum. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Jefferson and St. Louis, 
(Letterman), Western Mo., (Broadhead). 

35. Aquilegia Canadensis, L. Columbine, 

Common everywhere — A white, flowering variety common 
in Jackson, and a yellow in Buchanan — (Broadhead). 

36. Delphinium azureum, Michx. Larkspur. 

Common everywhere — A white flowering variety in Jack- 
son — (Bush). 

37. exakatum, Ait. Tali Larkspur. 

Lincoln, (Broadhead), Miller, (Winick). 

38. tricorne, Michx. Dwarf Larkspur. 

Common. 

39. Ajacis, L. 

Adv. along railroads — Jackson, (Bush). 

40. Actaea alba, Bigel. White Baneberry. 

Greene, (Shepard and Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

41. spicata, L., var. rubra, Mx. Red Baneberry. 
Boone, (Galloway), Iron, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech). 

42. Cimicifuga racemosa, Ell. Black Snakeroot. 

Greene and Wright, (Bush), Iron and Wayne, (Letterman), 
St. Louis, (Murtfeidt). 

43. Nigella Damascena, L. 

Becoming spontaneous in Jackson, (Bush). 

MAGNOLIACE^E. 

Magnolia Family. 

44. Magnolia glauca, L. Sweet Bay. 

Missouri, (Torr and Gray). 

A. B.— 26 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



45. Iiiriodendron Tulipifera, L. Tulip Tree. 

Butler and Southeast Mo. (Letterman), Mississippi, (Gal- 
lowajr.) Not found north of Madison, (Broadhead). 

ANONACEJS. 
Custard Apple Family. 

46. Asimina triloba, Dunal. Papaw. 

Common everywhere. 

MENISPERMACEJE. 

Moonseed Family. 

47. Calycocarpum Lyoni, Nutt. Cupseed. 

St. Louis. (Shepard). 

48. Cocculus Oarolinus, DO. 

Barton, Cole, Yernon, (Broadhead). 

49. Menispermum Canadense, L. Moonseed. 

Common everywhere. 

BERBERIDACE^E. 

Barberry Family. 

50. Caulophyllum thalictroides, Michx. Blue Cohosh. 

Green, (Shepard), Jefferson along theMeramec, (Letterman), 
Pike, (Pech). 

51. Podophyllum peltatum, L. May Apple. 

Common everywhere. 

NYMPHEtECE^E. 

Water -Lily Family. 

52. Brasenia peltata, Pursh. Water-Shield. 

Barton, (Broadhead), Perry, (Demetrio), Putnam, (Swallow). 

53. Nuphar advena, Ait. Yellow Pond-Lily. 

Barton, Iron and Western Mo. (Broadhead), Boone, (Tracy), 
Green, (Bush), 

54. Nymphsea odorata, Ait. White Pond-Lily. 

Barton, (Broadhead), Buchanan and Mississippi, (Gallo- 
way), Pike, (Pech). 

55. tuberosa, Paine. , 

St, Louis, (Murtfeldt). 



CATALOGUE. 



56. Nelumbium luteum, Willd. Chinquepin. 

Boone, St. Louis, (Tracy), Buchanan and Cass, (Broadhead), 
Pike, (Pech), Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, (McCluney). 

PAPAVERACE^E. 

Poppy Family. 

57. Papaver somniferam, L. Common Poppy, 

Spontaneous about gardens. 

58. Argemone Mexicana, L. Prickly Poppy. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush), Knox and Ralls, 
(Broadhead), Pike, (Pech).' 

59. var. albiflora^D. C. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

60. Stylophorum diphvllum, Nutt* Celandine Poppy. 
Jefferson and St. Louis, (Letterman), St. Charles, (Broadhead.) 

61. Sanguinaria Canadensis, L. Bloodroot. 

Common everywhere. 

FUMARIACE^E. 

Fumitory Family. 

62. Dicentra cucullaria, DC. Dutchman's Breeches. 

Common everywhere. 

63. Canadensis, DC. Squirrel Corn. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

64. Corydalis aurea, Willd. Golden Corydalis. 

Boone, (Galloway), Cass, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Riehl). 

65. var. occidentalis, Englm, 

Miller, (Winick). 

66. var. micrantha, -Englm. 

St. Louis. (Engelmann). 

67. crystallina, Englm. 

Cass, Livingston, Vernon, (Broadhead). 

68. flavula, Raf. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

CRUCIFER^E. 

Mustard Family . 

G9. Nasturtium Armoracia, Fries. Horseradish. 

Common in old gardens 



10 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



70. lacustre, Gray. Lake Cress. 

Greene, (Shepard), Pike, (Pech). 

71. limosum, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

72. obtusum, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

73. officinale, R. Br. True Water Oress. 

A&ventive at Kansas City, (Bush). 

74. palustre, DC. Marsh Cress. 

Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Riehl). 

75. var. hispidum, F. & M. 

Jackson, rare. (Bush). 

76. sessiliflorum, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

77. sinuatum, Nutt. 

Along rivers in woods. Jackson, (Bush), St. Louie, 
(Murtfeldt). 

78. sylvestre, R. Br. Yellow Cress. 

Pike, (Pech). 

79. Barbarea vulgaris, R Br. Winter Cress. 

Pike, (Pech.) 

80. Arabis Canadensis L. Sickle Pod. 

Common. 

81. dentata, Torr. & Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

82. hesperidoides, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). Pike, (Pech). 

83. hirsuta, Scop. 

Boone, (Tracy), Pike, (Pech). 

84. laevigata, DC. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

85. Ludoviciana, Meyer. 

St. Louis, (Riehl & Murtfeldt). 

86. lyrata, L. 

Jefferson, (Letterman.) 

87. patens. Sulliv. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

88. Cardamine hirsuta, L. Small Bitter Cress. 

Boone, (Tracy), Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, 
(Pech), St. Louis (Geyer). 

89. — var. sylvatica, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 



CATALOGUE. 



11 



Pepperwort. 



90 rhomboidea, DC Spring Cress. 

Boone, (Tracy), Cass and Polk, (Broadhead), Pike, 
(Pech), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

91. rotundifolia, Michx. Mountain Water Cress. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

92. Dentaria laciniata,Muhl. 

Common. 

93. multifida, Muhl. 

Knox, (Broadhead) 
94.. Leavenworthia aurea, Torr. 

'•Missouri," (F. L. Harvey.) 

95. Michauxii, Torr. 

St. Louis and Franklin (Letterman). 

96. Silene aurea, Nutt. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

97. Vesicaria Shortii, Torr. & Gray. 

Gieene, (Broadhead). 

98. Draba brachycarpa, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

99. Caroliniana, Walt. 

Boone, (Tracy), Cass, (Broadhead), Clay, (Bush), St. 
Louis, (Geyer & Letterman). 

100. var. micrantha, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

101. cuneifolia, Nutt. 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard), St. Louis, (Letter- 
man). 

102. nemorosa, L. 

Lewis, (Egeling). 

103. verna, L. 

Boone, (Galloway). 



Biadderpod. 



Whitlow Grass. 



Tansy Mustard. 



0i . Hesperis matronalis, L. 

Nat. in Boone (Tracy). 

105. Sisymbrium canescens, Nutt. 

Benton, (Swallow), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, 
(Geyer & Murtieldt). 

106. officinale. Scop. Hedge Mustard. 

Common. 

107. lhaliana, Gaud. Mouse-ear Cress. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

108. Erysimum asperum, DC. Western Wall-flower. 

(Torrey and Gray.) 



12 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



109. var. Arkansanum, Nutt. 

Franklin, Jefferson, St. Louis. (Letterman). 

110. cheiranthoides, L. Wormseed Mustard. 

(Torreyand Gray.) 

111. Thelypodium pinnatifidum, Watson. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

112. Camelina sativa, Crantz. False Flax. 

Cass, (Broadhead). 

113. Brassica alba, Gray. White Mustard. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

114. Campestris, L. Charlock. 

Jackson, in old fields, (Bush). 

115. nigra, Gray. Black Mustard. 

Common everywhere. 

116. rapa, L. 

Jackson, in old fields, (Bnsh). 

117. Capsella Bursa-pastoris, Moench. Shepherd's Purse. 

Common everywhere. 

118. Lepidium intermedium, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

119. ruderale, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, (Torrey 
and Gray). 

120. Virginicum. Wild Pepper-grass. 

Boone, (Tracy), Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), 
Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

121. Thlaspi arvense, L. Pennycress. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

122. Rapkanus Raphanistrum, L. Wild Radish. 

Polk, (Broadhead). 

C APP ARID ACE M. 

Caper Family. 

123| Cleome integrifolia, Torrey and Gray. 

Clay, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

124. pungens, Willd. 

[Pettis. (McCluny,) 

125. Polanisia graveolens, Raf. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 



CATALOGUE. 13 



CISTACE^E, 

Rock- Rose Family. 

126. Helianthemum Canadense, Michx. Frost- weed. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Greene, (Shepard), Pike, (Pech). 

127. Lechea major, Michx. Pin- weed. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

128. minor, Lam. 

Greene, (Shepard), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Eiehl), 
Southwest Missouri, (Broadhead). 

129. tenuifolia, Mx. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

130. thymifolia, Pursh. 

Pike, (Pech). 

VIOLACEJE. 

Violet Family. 

131. Viola blanda, Willd. White Violet. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

132. Canadensis, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 

133. canina, L. var. sylvestris, Reg. Early Blue Violet. 

Greene and Knox, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech). 

134. cucullata, Ait. Blue Violet. 

Common everywhere. 

135. var. cordata, Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy) Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

136. var. palmata, Gray. 

Common everywhere. 

137. delphmifolia, Nutt. 

Common everywhere. 

138. hastata, Michx. 

Pike, (Pech), Boone, (Galloway). 

139. lanceolata, L. 

Livingston, (Broadhead). 

140. pedata, L. Bird's-foot Violet. 

Common everywhere. 

141. var. bicolor. 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard), St. Charles, 
(Broadhead), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 



14 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



142. primulsefolia, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Tracy). 

143. pubescens, Ait. 

Common everywhere. 

144. rostrata, Pursh. 

Miller, (Winick). 

145. rofundifolia, Michx. Round-Leaved Violet. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

146. sagittata, Ait. Arrow-leaved Violet. 

Common everywhere. 

147. striata, Ait. 

Common everywhere. 

148. tricolor, L. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Pike (Pech), escaped. 

149. var. arvensis. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), St, Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

150. Ionidium concolor, Benth. & Hook. Green Violet. 

Common in rich woods. 

POLYGALACEJE. 

* Milkwort Family. 

151. Polygala ambigua, Nutt. Milkwort. 

Jackson, not common, (Bush). 

152. incarnata, L. 

Cass, (Broadhead,) Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush), 
Pettis, (McCluny.) 

153. Nuttallii, Torr. & Gray. 

S. W. Missouri, (Broadhead). 

154. sanguinea, L. 

Greene, (Bush & Shepard). 

155. Senega, L. Seneca Snake Root. 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard). 

156. verticillata, L. 

Boone,.(Galioway), Greene, (Shepard,) Jackson(Bush), 
Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

CARYOPHYLLACE^E. 

Pink Family. 

157. Saponaria officinalis, L. Bouncing Bet. 

Common about old gardens. 



CATALOGUE. 15 



158. Silene antirrhina, L. Sleepy Catchfly. 

Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, 
(Kiehl). 

159. noctiiiora^ L. Night-flowering Catchfly. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

160. regia, Sims. Royal Catchfly. 

Common in Southern Missouri. 

161. stellata. Ait. Starry Campion. 

Common everywhere. 

162. Yirginica, L. Fire Pink. 

Butler, (Letterman), Iron, (Broadhead), St. Louis, 
(Riehl). 

163. Lychnis Githago, Lam. Corn Cockle. 

Common in wheat fields. 

164. Cerastium arvense, L. Field Chickweed. 

Miller, (Winick). 

165. nutans, Raf. 

Common everywhere. 

166. oblongifolium, Torr. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

167. viscosum, L. Large Chickweed. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

168. vulgatum, L. Mouse- ear Chickweed. 

Pike, (Pech). 

169. Stellaria media, Smith. Common Chickweed* 

Boone, (Tracy), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

170. longifolia, Muhl. Long-leaved Stitchwort. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 
170^. borealis, Big. Northern Starwort. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

171. Arenaria lateriflora, L. Sandwort. 

Jackson, (Mann). 

172. Michauxii, Hook. 

Livingston, (Broadhead). 

173. patula, Michx. 

Jackson, (Bush), Washington, (Riehl). 

174. Pitcheri, Nutt. 

Common everywhere. 

175. squarrosa, Michx. Pine-barren Sandwort. 

Jefferson, (Letterman). 



16 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



176. stricta, Michx. 

Greene, (Broadhead). 

177. Sagina procumbens, L. 

St. Louis, (Riehl.) 

178. Spergula arvensis, L. 

Boone, (Tracy.) 

PARONYCHIEJE. 

179. Paronychia dichotoma, Nutt, 

Osage, (Broadhead.) 

180. Anychia dichotoma, Michx. 

Common. 

181. var, capillacea, Torr. 

Jackson, (Bush & Mann.) 

PORTULACACEJ2. 



Pearlwort. 
Corn Spurrey. 

Whitlow-wort. 
Forked Chickweed. 



Purslane Family. 

182. Portulaca oleracea, L. 

Common in gardens. 

183. Talinum teretifolium, Pursh. 

Common south of Mo. River. 

184. Claytonia Caroliniana, Michx. 

Boone, (Tracy,) Greene, (Shepard.) 

185. Virginica, L. 

Common everywhere. 

ELANTINACE^E. 

Waterwort Family. 

186. Elatine Americana, Arnott. 

(Watson, in King's Fifth Report.) 

HYPERICACE^E. 

St. JohrC swort Family. 



Purslane. 



Spring Beauty. 



Waterwort. 



187. Ascyrum Crux-Andrese, L. St. Audrew's Cross, 

Greene, (Shepard). 

188. Hypericum adpressum, Barton. St. John's-wort. 

Jackson & Henry, (Bush). ^St. Louis, (Kellogg). 



CATALOGUE. 17 



189. angulosum, Michx. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

190. aureuin, Bartram. 

Pike, (Pech). 

191. Canadense, L. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

192. corymbosum, Muhl. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bash), Miller, (Winich), Pettis, 
(McOluney), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

193. Drummondii, Torr & Gr. 

Greene, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl), S. W. Mo., (Broadhead). 
191. ellipticum, Hook. 

Pike, (Pech). 

195. graveolens, Buckl. 

Pike, (Broadhead). 

196. mutilum, L. 

Greene, (Shepard), Jackson. (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

197. nudiflorum, Michx. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

198. prolificum, L. Shrubby St. John's-wort. 

Common. 

199. pyramidatum, Ait. Great St. John's-wort. 

Jackson — rare, (Bush). 

200. Sarothra, Michx. Pine-weed. 
Greene, (Shepard), Iron & St. Louis, (Letterman). 

201. sphaerocarpon, Michx. 

Barton, Cass & Pike, (Broadhead), Boone, (Galloway). 

MALVACEAE. 

Mallow Family. 

202. Mai va crispa, Gray. Curled Mallow. 

Jackson-escaped — (Bush). 

203. rotundifolia, L. Common Mallow. 

Common everywhere. 

204. sylvestris, L. ■ High Mallow. 
Jackson, (Bush), Mftler, (Winick), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

205. Callirrhoe digitata, Nutt. 

Greene, (Letterman), Jasper & Lawrence, (Broadhead). 

206. involucrata, Gray. 

Jasper, (Letterman). 

207. triangulata, Gray. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 



18 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



208. Malvastrum angustum, Gray. False Mallow. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, 
(Letterman). 

209. Sida hispida. 

Cass, (Broadhead). 

210. -spinosa, L. 

Common everywhere. 

211. Abutilon Avicennae, Gaertn. 

Common everywhere. 

212. Hibiscus grandiflorus, Michx. 

St. Louis, (Letterman). 

213. militaris, Cav. Halberd Leaved Mallow. 
Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, (McCJuney), 

Pike; (Tech), Mississippi, (Galloway). 
211. Moscheutos, L. Swamp Rose Mallow. 

Barton, (Broadhead), Mississippi, (Galloway). 

215. Syriacus, L. Shrubby Althea. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Pettis, (McCluney). 

216. Trinnum, L. Bladder Ketmia. 

Common everywhere. 



Velvet Leaf, 
Rose Mallow. 



TILIACEJE. 

Linden Family. 

217. Tilia Americana, L. 

Common everywhere. 

LINACE^E. 

Flax Family. 

218. Linum Bootii. EDglm. 

Cass, (Broadhead). 

219. perenne, L. 

(Watson, in King's Fifth Report). 

220. rigidum, Pursh. 

"Missouri,'- (Mrs. Lincoln's Botany). 

221. striatum, Walt. 

Pike, (Broadhead). 

222. sulcatum, Riddell. 

Jackson, (Bush), Maries, (Broadhead). 

223. usitatissimum, L. 

Occasionally escaped. 



Basswood. 



Common Flax. 



CATALOGUE. 



19 



224. 



Virginianum, L. 



Common. 

GERANIACJE. 

Geranium Family. 

225. Geranium Carolinian um, L. 

Common. 

226. dis*ectum, L. 

Pike (Pech). 

227. maculatnm, L. 

Common. 

228. Robertianum, L. 

Greene (Shepard). 

229. Flcerkea proserpinacoides, Willd. 

St. Charles (Egeling). 

230. Oxalis corniculata, L. 

Pike (Pech). 

231. var. stricta, L. 

Common. 

232. violacea, L. 

Common. 

233. Impatiens fulva, Nutt. 

Common. 

234. pallida, Nutt. 

Common. 



Carolina Cranesbill. 

Cat-leaved Cranesbill. 

Wild Cranesbill. 

Herb Robert. 

False Mermaid. 

Yellow Wood Sorrel . 

Violet Wood Sorrel. 

Spotted Touch-me-not. 

Pale Touch-me-not. 



RUTACE^E. 
Rue Family. 

235. Zanthoxylum Americanum, Mill. 

Common. 

236. Ptelea trifoliata, L. 

Common, except in N, W., (Broadhead). 



Prickly Ash, 
Hop Tree, 



SIMARUBE^E. 

237. Ailanthus glandulosus, Desf. Tree of Heaven. 

Boone and St. Louis, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 



20 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



AQUIFOLIACEJE. 

Holly Family. 

238. Ilex decidua, Walt. 

Common in Southern Mo. 

239. laevigata, Gray. Smooth Winterberry. 

(Swallow). 

240. opaca, Ait. American Holly. 
Butler, (Letterman), Mississippi, (Galloway). 

241 verticillata, Gray. Black Alder. 

Boone, (Swallow), Iron, (Letterman), Mississippi, (Galloway), 
Pike, (Pech). 



CELASTKACE^E. 

Staif~Tree Family. 

242. Euonymus Americanus, L. Strawberry Bush. 

Boone, (Tracy), Eastern Missouri, (Broadhead), Mississippi 
and New Madrid, (Galloway). 
343. atropurpureus, Jacq. Waahoo. 

Common everywhere. 
244. Celastrus scandens, L. Climbing Bitter-sweet. 

Common everywhere. 



RHAMNACE^E. ( 
Buckthorn Family. 

245. Berchemia volubilis DC. Supple-jack. 

Butler, (Letterman), Stone, (Broadhead). 

246. Rhamnus Caroliniana, Walter. Buckthorn. 

Iron & St. Louis, (Letterman), Common S. E., (Broadhead). 

247. lanceolatus, Pursh. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letterman) 
Western Missouri, (Broadhead). 

248. Ceanothus Americanus, L. New Jersey Tea. 

Common everywhere. 

249. ovalis, Bigel. 

Northern and Western Missouri, (Broadhead). 



CATALOGUE. 



21 



VITACE^E. 

Grape Family. 



Summer Grape. 



250. Vitis aestivalis, Michx. 

Rare West, common elsewhere. 

251. bipinnata, Torr. & Gray. 

Common Southeast. 

.252. cinerea, Engelm. Ashy Grape. 

Common on river bottoms. 

253. cordifolia, Michx. Frost Grape. 

Common. 

254. indivisa, Wild. 

Common Southward. 
L'55. palmata, Vahl. 

Banks of Mississippi above St. Louis, (Eggert.) 

256. riparia, Michx. Frost Grape. 

Common everywhere. 

257. rupestris, Scheele. Sand Grape. 

Banks of the Missouri river Southward. 
2bb. vulpina, L. Muscadine. 

Montgomery, Maries ^and Southward, (Broadhead). 
259.' Ampelopsis qumquefolia, Michx. Virginia Creeper. 

Common everywhere. 



SAPINDACE^E. 

Soapberry Family. 

260. jEsculus flava. Ait. 

Common. 

261. glabra, Willd. 

Common, excepting Westward. 

262. Pavia, L, 

S. E. Missouri, (Letterman). 

263. Acer dasyearpum, Ehrh. 

Common in low grounds. 

264. Pennsylvanicum, L. 

Iron, (Galloway). 

265. rubrum, L. 

Callaway to S. E. Missouri. 



Sweet Buckeye. 

Ohio Buckeye. 

Red Buckeye. 

Soft Maple. 

Striped Maple. 

Red Maple. 



22 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



saceharinum, Wang. Suirar Maple. 

Common elsewhere but not found west of Nodaway rivet. 

267. var. nigrum, Gray. Black Maple. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), 

268. Neg^indo aceroides, Moench, Box Elder. 

Common everywhere. 

269. Staphylea trifolia, L. Bladder-Nut. 

Common. 

• 

ANACARDIACE^. 

Cashew Family. 

2^0. Rhus aromatica, Ait. Fragrant Sumach. 

Common everywhere except extreme Northwest. 

271. copallina, L. Dwarf Sumach, 

Common everywhere. 

272. cotinoides, Nutt. 

Mississippi, (Galloway), St. Louis, (BroadheadJ. 

273. glabra, L. Smooth Sumach, 

Common. 

274. Toxicodendron, L. Poison Sumach. 

Common. 

275. var. radicabs, Torr. 

Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick). 

276. typhina, L. Staghorn Sumach. 

Common. 

277. venenata, DC. Poison Dogwood. 

Greene, (Shepard. 

LEGUMINOS^E. 

Pulse Family. 

278. Baptisia alba, JR. Br. False Indigo. 

Miller, (Winick), Sullivan, (Broadhead). 

279. australis, R. Br. Blue False Indigo. 

Benton, (Swallow), Greene, (Bush). 

280. leucantha, Torr. & Gray. 

Common. 

281. leucophaea, Nutt. 

Common. 

282. tinctoria, R. Br. Wild Indigo. 

Lewis, (Egeling). 



CATALOGUE. 23 



283. Crotalaria sagittalis, L. Rattlebox. 

Franklin & St. Louis, (Letterman), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, 
(Pecb), common in S. W. Mo. (Broadhead). 

284. Lupinus perennis, L. Wild Lupine. 

Mississippi, (Galloway), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

285. Medicago sativa, L. Lucerne. 

Spontaneous about old gardens. 

286. lupulina, L. 

Pettis, (McCluney). 

287. Melilotus alba, Lam. White Melilot. 

Common about old gardens. 
28S. officinalis, Willd. Yellow Melilot. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

2S9. Trifolinm arvense, L. Rabbit-foot Clover. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

290. pratense, L. Red Clover. 

Common everywhere. 

291. procumbens, L. Hop Clover. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

292. reflexum, L. Buffalo Clover 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Letterman). 

293. repens, L. White Clover. 

Common everywhere. 

294. stoloniferum, Muhl. Running Buffalo Clover. 

Common everywhere. 

295. Psoralea canescens, Michx. 

Pike, (Pecb). 

296. esculenta, Pursh. 

Bates & Cass, rare%-(Broadhead), Miller, (Winick), 
St. Louis, (Letterman). 

297. melilotoides, Michx. 

Bates, (Broadhead), Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, (Let- 
man). 

298. Onobrychis, Nutt. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Letteiman). 

299. tenuiflora, Pursh. 

Common. 

300. Amorplia canesceus, Nutt. Lead Plant. 

Common everywhere. 

301. fruticosa, L. False Indigo. 

Common everywhere. 

AR-27 



24 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



302. Dalea alopecuroides, Willd. 

Cass, (Broadheao), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, along 
R. R., (Letternian). 
803. aurea, Nutt. 

On White River, (Nuttall). 

304. PetalosteiQOii candidus, Michx. Prairie Clover. 

Common everywhere. 

305. villosus, Nutt. 

Mississippi, (Broadhead). 

306. violaceus, Michx. 

Common everywhere. 

307. Teplirosia Virginiana, Pers. Goat's Rue. 

Common everywhere. 

308. Wistaria frutescens, DC. Wistaria. 

Mississippi. (Swallow), Ray, (Broadhead). 

309. Robinia Pseudacacia, L. Black Locust. 

Common everywhere. 

310. Astragalus Canadensis, L. Vetch. 

Common everywhere. 

311. caryocarpus, Ker. Ground Plum. 

Boone, (Tracy), common in Western Missouri, (Broad- 
head). 
312 distortus, Torr. & Gray. 

Franklin, (Letterman), Greene, (Shepard), Pettis, 
(McCluney), West. Mo., (Broadhead). 

313. gracilis, Nutt. 

(Watson, in King's Fifth Report). 

314. Mexicanus, A. DC. 

Common* everywhere. 

315. microl obus, Gray. 

(Watson, in King's Fifth Report) 

316. Plattensis, Nutt. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

317. racemosus, Pursh. 

On White River, (Nuttall). 

318. Oxytropis Lamberti, Pursh. Loco. 

Atchison (Broadhead). 

319. Glycyrrhiza lepidota, Nutt. Wild Licorice. 

Platte & Vernon, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

320. Stylosantlies elatior, Swartz. Pencil Flower. 

Common. 



CATALOGUE. 



25 



321. Desmodium acuminatum, DC. Tick-trefoil. 

Common. 

322. Canadense, DC. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

323. canescens, DC. 

Bjone. (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murt- 
feldt). 

324. var villosissimum, T & G. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Drum- 
moiid). 

325. ciliare, DC 

Greene, (Shepard). 

326. cuspidatum, T. & Gray. 

Jackson, (B ish), Pike, (Pech). 

327. Dillenii, Darl. 

Jackson, (Bush). Pike, (Pech). 

328. Illinoense, DC. 

Jackson, (Bush & Mann). 
320. lsevigatum. 

Pettis, (McCluney). 

330. Marilandicum, Boott. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

331. nudiflorum, DC. 

Greene, (Shepard). Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

332. paniculatum, DC. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

333. pauciflorum, DC. 

Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

334. rigidum, DO. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, (McCluney), Pike, (Pech). 
£35. rotundifolium, DC. 

Greene & Wright, (Bush). 

336. sessilifolium, Torr. & Gr. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

337. tenuifoliura, Torr. & Gr. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

338. viridiflorum, Beck. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech). 

339. Lespedeza capitata, Michx. Bush Clover 

Common. 

340. hirta, Ell. 

Wright, (Bush). 



26 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



341. procumbens, Michx. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

342. repens, Torr. & Gray. 

Common. 

343. reticulata, Pers. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

344. var. angustifolia, Maxim. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtleldt). 

345. Stuvei, Nutt. 

Marion, (Broadhead). 

346. violacea, Pers. 

Common. 

347. var. divergens, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

348. var. angustifolia, Gray. 

Jackson & Wright, (Bush). 

349. Vicia Americana, Muhl. Vetch. 

Jackson, (Bnsh). 

350. Carol iuiana, Walt. • 

Boone, (Galloway), Greene, (Shepard), Iron, (Broad- 
heat ). 

351. Lathyrus maritimus, Big. Beach Pea. 

Pike, (Pech). 

352. palustris, L. Marsh Vetchling. 

Boone, (Tracy), Pike, (Pech), Ray, (Swallow). 
.353. Clitoria Mariana, L. Butterfly Pea. 

Boone, (Galloway), Iron & Madison, (Broadhead). 

354. Arnpliicarpaea monoica, Nutt. Hog Pea-nut. 

Cass & Jackson, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, 
(Murtfeldi) ; also a white variety in Cass & Jack- 
son, (Broadhead). 

355. Apios tuberosa, Moench. Ground-nut. 

Common 

356. Phaseolus diversifolius, Pers. Wild Bean. 

C<*ss, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

357. helvolus, L. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

353. pauciflorus, Benth. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Murtleldt). 

359. Gyniuocladus Canadensis, Lam. Kentucky Coffee-treeu 

Common everywhere. 



CATALOGUE. 27 



360. Gleditschia monosperma, Walt. Water- Locust. 

Howell, (Tracy), Mississippi & New Madrid, (Gallo- 
way), Wright, (Bush); mouth of Missouri & Mer- 
amec Rivers, (Letterman). 

361. triacanthos, L. Honey Locust. 

Common everywhere. 

362. Cassia Charugecrista, L. Partridge Pea. 

Common, 

363. Marilandica, L. Wild Senna. 

Common. 

364. nictitans, L. Wild Sensitive Plant. 

Greene, (Shepard), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt), 
Wright, (Bush). 

365. obtusifoiia, L. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 

366. Cercis Canadensis, L. Red- bud. 

Common everywhere. 

367. Desmantbus brachylobu?, Benth. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Letterman). 

368. Schrankia uncinata, Willd. Sensitive Briar 

Common evervwhere. 







ROSACEA. 








Rose Family. 




369. 


Primus Americana, Marshall. 


Wild Plum. 






Common. 




370. 




Chicasa, Michx. 


Chickasaw Plum. 






Eastern, Central and Southern, 


but not in Northwest. 


371. 




Pennsylvania, L. 


Wild Red Cherry. 






Adair, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Murt- 






feldt). 




372. 




pumila, L. 

Missouri, (Torr. & Gray). 


Dwarf Cherry. 


373. 




serotina, Ehrh. 

Common Northwest. 


Wild Black Cherry. 


374. 




Virginiana, L. 

Common everywhere. 


Choke Cherry. 


375. 




umbellata. Ell. 

Miller, (Winick). 




376. 


Spiraea Aruncus, L 


Goat's Beard. 



Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Lettermao), Wright, (Bush.) 



28 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



377. betulifolia, Pallas. 

Putnam, (Swallow). 

378. salicifolia, L. Meadow Sweet. 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush). 

379. tomentosa, L. Steeple-Bush. 

Boone, (Tracy), Clark and Cooper, (Swallow), Harri- 
son, (Broadhead). 

380. Keillia opulifolia, Benth & Hook. Nine-Bark. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Eastern and Southern 
Mo., (Broadhead). 
881. Gillenia stipulacea, Nutt. American Ipecac. 

Boone, (Tracy), Pike, (Pech), Common South of Mis- 
souri river. 

382. trifoliata, Mconch. Bowman's Hoot. 

St. Louis and Iron, (Letterman). 

383. Rubus Canadensis, L. Dewberry. 

Common everywhere. 
884. cuneifolius, Pursh. Sand Blackberry. 

Pike, (Pech). 

385. occidentalis, L. Black Raspberry. 

Common. 

386. strigosus, Michx. Red Raspberry. 

Common. 

387. trivialis, Michx. Low Bush Blackberry. 

Common. 
888. . villosus, Ait. High Blackberry. 

Common. 

389. var. frondosus, Torr. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

390. Geum album, Gmelin. Avens. 

Common in dry woods. 

391. macrophyllum, Willd. 

Nodaway, (Broadhead). 

392. rivale, L. Purple Avens. 

Pike, (Pecb), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

393. triflorum, Pursh. Three-Flowered Avens. 

(Watson in King's 5th Report. 

394. vernum, Torr. & Gray. 

Common in Southeast. 

395. Yirginianum, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike (Pech), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 



CATALOGUE. 29 



396. Fragaria vesc*, L. Strawberry. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

397. Virginian a, Ehrh. Strawberry. 

Common. 

398. var. Illinoensis, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, (Murt- 
feldt), Pettis, (McCluney). 

399. Potentilla argentea, L. Silvery Cinque-foil. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

400. arguta, Pursb. 

(Torrey & Gray.) 

401. millegrana, Engelm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

402. Canadensis, L. Five-finger. 

Common everywhere. 

403. var. simplex, T. & Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard). 

404. Norvegica, L. 

Common. 

405. paradoxa, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

406. rivalis, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

407. var. pentandra, Watson. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

408. supina* L 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

409. Agrimoilia Eupatoria, L. Agrimony. 

Common everywhere. 

410. parviflora, Ait. Small-flowered Agrimony. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt.) 

411. Rosa blanda, Ait. Early Wild Rose. 

Common. 

412. Carolina, L. Swamp Rose. 

Boone, (Tracy), Common South of the Missouri river. 

413. lucida, Ehrh. Dwarf Wild Rose. 

Common everywhere. 

414. nitida, Wild. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

415. rubiginosa, L. Sweet Brier. 

Naturalized in Boone, (Tracy). 



30 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



416. setigera, Michx. Climbing Rose. 

Common. Occasionally found with very double flowers. 

417. Pirus angustifolia, Ait. Narrow-leaved Crab Apple. 

Jackson, (Bush), Mississippi, (Galloway), St. Louis, 
(Tracy). 

418. arbutifolia, L. Choke-Berry. 

Holt, (Broadhead). 

419. coronaria, L. Crab-Apple. 

Common everywhere. 

420. Crataegus apiifolia, Michx. Hawthorn. 

Butler, (Letterman). 

421. arborescens, Ell. 

Mouth of Meramec river, (Letterman), St. Louis. 
(Engelmann), 

422. coccinea, L. Scarlet-Fruited Thorn. 

Common. 

423. var. viridis, T. & G. ■ 

Miller, (Winick). 

424. cordata, Ait. Washington Thorn. 

Boone. (Tracy), St. Charles, (Broadhead). 

425. Crus-galli, L. Cockspur Thorn. 

Common. 

426. flava, Ait. Summer Haw. 

Boone, (Tracy), Putnam, (Swallow). 

427. Oxyacantha, L. English Hawthorn. 

Boone, (Tracy), Montgomery, (Broadhead). 

428. spathulata. Michx. 

Boone, (Tracy), Miller, (Winick), St. Charles, (Broad- 
head). 

429. subvillosa, Schrad. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letter- 
man). 

430. tomentosa, L. Black Thorn. 

Common everywhere. 

431. var. pyrifolia, Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

432. var. punctata, Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

433. Amelanchier Canadensis, Torr & Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy), Pike, (Pech). 
Common South of Missouri river, but rare North. 



CATALOGUE. 31 



434. var. alnifolia, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

435. var. oblongifolia, Gray. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

SAXIFRAGACEJS. 

Saxifrage Family. 

436. Saxifraga Forbesii, Vasey. 

St. Louis, (Letterman). 

437. Mitella diphylla, L. Bishop's Cap. 

Jefferson, (Letterman), St. Louis, (Kellogg). 

438. Heuchera Americana, L. Alum Root. 

Marion, (Broadhead). 

439. hispida, Fursh. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Greene, (Shepard), St. Charles, (Ege- 
ling). 

440. villosa, Michx. 

Pike, (Fech), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

441. Hydrangea aborescens, L. Wild Hydrangea. 

Missouri River bluffs, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Tracy). 

442. radiata, Walt. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

443. Itea Virginica, L. 

Pike, (Swallow). 

444. Kibes aureum. Parsh. Missouri Currant. 

Common in rocky woodlands. 

445. Cynosbati, L. * Gooseberry. 

Boone, (Tracy), Gasconade, (Broadhead). 

446. gracile, Michx. 

"Independence Co." (Nuttall). 

447. • rotundifolium, Michx. Gooseberry. 

Common everywhere. 

CRASSULACE^E. 

Orpine Family* 

448. Seclum acre, L. Mossy Stone-crop. 

Gentry, (Broadhead). 

449. pulchellum, Michx. 

Common. 



32 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



Ditch Stone-crop. 



450. stenopetalum, Pursh. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

451. Torreyi, Don. 

Southwest, (Broadhead). 

452. Penthoruin sedoides, L. 

Common in wet places. 

HAMAMELACEtE. 

Witch- Hazel Family. 



453. Hamamelis Virginica. Witch-Hazel. 

Iron. (Letterman), Only Southeast, (Broadhead). 

454. Liquidambar Styraciflua, L. Sweet Gam. 

Common Southeast. 



HALORAGE^E. 

Water Milfoil Family. 

455. Myriopliyllum scabratum, Michx. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

MELASTOMACE^E. 

456. Rhexia Mariana, L. 

Mississippi, (Tracy). 

457. Viiginica, L. 

St. Louis, (Geyer). 



Deer Grass. 



LYTHRACEtE. 

Loosestrife Family. 

458. Ammania humihs, Michx. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

459. latifolia, L. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis. (Murtfeldt). 

460. Didiplis linearis, Raf. 

Greene, (Bush). 

461. Cupliea viscosissima, Jacq. Clammy Cuphea. 

Cass and Jackson, (Broadhead). Miller, (Winick), Mis- 
sissippi, (Galloway), St. Louis, (Riehl). 



CATALOGUE. 33 



462. Lytlirum alatum, Pursh. Loosestrife. 

Common. 

463. Nessea verticillata, H. B. K. Swamp Loosestirfe. 

ONAGARACE^E. 

Evening Primrose Family. 

464. Epilobium angustifolium, L. Great Willow Herb. 

Pemiscot, (Swallow). 

465. coloratum, Muhl. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

466. Jussisea pilosa, H. B. K. 

St. Charles, (Egeling). 

467. Ludwigia alata, Ell. False Loosestrife. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

468. alternifolia, L. Seed Box. 

Pike, (Pech), Common South of Mo. River. 

469. lineaiis, Walt. 

Pike, (Pech). 

470. palustris, Ell. Water Purslane. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

471. polycarpa, Short & Peter. 

* Jackson, (Bush). 

472. CEnotliera biennis, L. Evening Primrose. 

Common everywhere. 

473. var. grandiflora, Lindl. 

(Watson, in King's 5th Report). 

474. fruticosa, var. linearis, Watson. Sundrops. 

Jefferson, (Tracy). 

475. glauca, Michx. 

Webster, (Swallow). 

476. linifolia, Nutt. 

Cass and Webster, (Broadhead), Franklin, (Letter- 
man). 

477. Missouriensis, Sims. 

St. Louis and Ozark Mountain region. 

478. riparia, Nutt. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

479. serrulata, Nutt. 

Atchison & Vernon, (Broadhead). 



34 FLOK V OF MISSOURI 



480. sinuata, L. 

Clay & Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, ( McOluney), Pike, 
(Pech), Vernon, (Broadhead). 

481. var. minima, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

482. speciosa, Nutt. 

Cass & Jackson, (Broadhead). 

483. Gaura biennis, L. 

Common. 

484. filipes, Spach. 

Pettis, (McCluney). 
485 parviflora, Dougl. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

486. Circaea Lutetiana, L. Enchanter's Nightshade. 

Common. 

LOASACE^E. 

487. Mentzelia oligosperma, Nutt. 

Not rare on dry plains. 

PASSIFLOKACE^E. 

Passion Flower Family. 

488. Passiflora incarnata, L. Passion Flower. 

Mississippi, (Tracy), Pemiscot, (Swallow). 

489. lutea, L. 

Common from St. Louis South and West. 

CUCUEBITACE^E. 

Gourd Family. 

490. Ecliinocystis lobata, Torr. & Gray. Wild Balsam Apple. 

Common. 

491. Sicyos angulatus, L. Star Cucumber. 

Common. 

CACTACEJE. 

Cactus Family. 

492. Opuntia Missouriensis, DC. Prickly Pear. 

Found occasionally, (Broadhead). 



CATALOGUE. 35 



493. Rafinesquii, Engelm. 

Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush). 

494. vulgaris, Mill. 

St. Louis, (Murti'eldt). 

FICOIDE^E. 

495. Molltigo verticillata, L. Carpet Weed. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Riehl). 

UMBELLIFERJ2. 

Parsley Family. 

496. Eryngium prostratum, Nutt. 

Butler, (Letterman). 

497. yuccseiolium, Michx. Rattlesnake Weed, 

Common. 

498. Sanicula Canadensis, L. Black Snakeroot. 

Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, (Murt- 
feldt). 

499. Marilandica, L. 

Common. 

500. Erigenia bulbosa, Nutt. Harbinger of SpriDg. 

Common in woodlands. 

501. Bupleurum rotundi folium, L. Through- wax. 

Southwest, (Broadhead). 

502. Cicuta maculata, L. Musquash a Root. 

Common. 

503. Sium cicutastblium, Gmel. Water Parsnip. 

OaoS, (Broadhead). Jackson, (Mann), Pike, (Pech). 

504. Pimpinella integerrima, DC. 

Common. 

505. Cryptotsenia Canadensis, DC. Honewort. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

506. Osmorrkiza brevistylis, D. C. Hairy Sweet Sicily. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

507. longistylis, DC. Smooth Sweet Sicily. 

Common in rich woods. 

508. Chseropliylliim procumbens, Lam. Chervil. 

Common. 

509. Teinturieri, Hook. & Arn. 

Jackson, (Bush). 



26 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



510. Discopleura Nuttallii, DO. Mock Bishop- weed. 

Common everywhere. 

511. Ligusticum uctseifolium, Michx. Angelico. 

St. Louis, (Letterman). 

512. Thaspium aureum, Nutt. Meadow Parsnip. 

Common. 

513. barbinode, Nutt. 

Boone, (Tracy), Cass, (Broadhead), Greene, (Shepard). 

514. trifoliatum, Gray. 

Johnson and Madison, (Broadhead). 

515. var. atropurpureum, T. & Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

516. Angelica Curtisii, Buckl. Angelica. 

Pike, (Pech). 

517. Archangelica atropurpurea, Huffm. Great Angelica. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

518. Gmelini, DC. 

Pike, (Pech). 

519. hirsuta, Torr & Gray. 

Greene, (Shepard), Iron, (Letterman). 

520. Peuceclanum foenicu lace urn, Nutt. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

521. Arckemora rigida, D. C. Cowbane. 

[Greene, (Shepard). 

522. Heracleum lanatum, Michx. Cow-Parsnip. 

Cass, Clinton and Linn, (Broadhead). 

523. Polytsenia Nuttallii, DC. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

524. Conioselenium Canadense, T. & G. Hemlock Parsley. 

Boone, (Tracv), Sullivan, (Broadhead). 

525. Daucus Carota, L. Carrot. 

Occasionally persistent in old fields. 

526. Pastinaca sativa, L. Parsnip. 

Occasionally naturalized. 

ARALIACE^E. 

Ginseng Family. 

527. Aralia nudieaulis, L. Wild Sarsaparilla. 

Boone, (Tracy), Pike, (Pech). 

528. quinquefolia, Gray. Ginseng. 

Common in rich woodlands. 



CATALOGUE. 37 



529. racemosa. L. Spikenard. 

Iron, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Letterman.) 

530. spinosa, L. / Hercules' Club. 

Becoming common South. 

CORNACE^E. 

Dogwood Family. 

531. Cornus asperifolia, Michx. Rough-leaved Dogwood. 

Common. 

532. circinata, L'Her. Round-leaved Dogwood. 

Bluffs of Miss, and Mo. Rivers in Eastern part of 
Slate. 

533. florida, L Flowering Dogwood. 

Common, except Northwest. 

534. paniculata, L'Her. Panicled Cornel. 

Common. 

535. sericea, L. Kinnikinnick. 

Common. 

536. stolonifera, Michx. Red-osier Dogwood. 

Johnson, (Bu-h), Mississippi, (Galloway). 

537. Nyssa multiflora, Wang. Sour Gum. 

Common South. 

538. uniflora, Walt. Large Tupelo. 

Common Southeast. 



CAPRIFOLIACE^E. 

Honeysuckle Family. 

539. Sambucus Canadensis, L Common Elder. 

Common everywhere. 

540. Viburnum dentatum. L. Arrow wood. 

Common. 

541. lantanoides, Michx. Hobble-bush. 

Madison, (Broadhead), St. Louis, (Tracy). 

542. Lentago, L. Sheep-berry. 

Jackson, Greene, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, 
(Letterman). 

543. Opulus, L. Cranberry- tree. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeld')- 



3S FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



544. prunifolium, L. Black Haw. 

Not found west of Gentry and Buchanan, (Broad- 
head), common Eastward- 

545. Triosteum perfoliatum, L. Fever- wort. 

Common. 

546. angustifolium, L. Narrow-leaved Fever wort. 

Miller, (Winick). 

547. Smyphoricarpus vulgaris, Michx. Buck-bush. 

Common everywhere. 

548. Lonicera flava, Sims. Yellow Honeysuckle. 

Common. 

549. glauca, Hill. 

Buchanan, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

550. grata, Ait. American Woodbine. 

Daviess, (Broadhead). 

551. hirsuta, Eaton. Hairy Honeysuckle. 
Kails, (Broadhead). 

552. parvi flora. Lam. Small Honeysuckle. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, Pech), Ralls, (Broadhead). 

553. sempervirens, Ait. Trumpet Honeysuckle. 

Jackson, (Bush). 



RUBIACEJE. 

Madder Family. 

554. Houstonia angustifolia, Michx. 

Bates, Butler, (Broadhead), Wright, (Bush). 

555. cserulea, L. Bluets. 

Clay, (Broadhead). 

556. minima, Beck. Small Bluets. 

Pike. (Pech), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

557. purpurea, L. Purple Bluets. 

St. Louis, (Riehl), common Southwest, (Broadhead). 

558. var. ciliolata, Gray. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

559. var. longifolia, Gray. 

Laclede, (Broadhead), (Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, 
(Geyer). 

560. var. tenuifolia, Gray. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 



CATALOGUE. 39 



561. Oldenlanclia glomerata, Michx. 

Greene, (Shepard), Pike, (Pech). 

562. Cephalanthus occidentalis, L. Button Bush. 

Common along streams. 

563. Diodia Virginana, L. Button Weed. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

564. teres, Wait. 

Common Southward. 

565. Galium Aparine, L. Goose Grass. 

Common everywhere. 

568- asprellum, Michx. Rough Bedstraw. 

Cass, (Broadhead), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

567. Arkansanum, Gray. 

(Engelmann). 

568. circaszans, Michx. Wild Licorice. 

BooDe. (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

569. concinnum, T. & Gray. 

Common. 

570. latifolinm, Mi^x. 

Boone, (Tracy,) Greene. (Bush). 

571. pilosum, Ait. 

Pike, (Pech). 

572. trifidum, L. Small Bedstraw. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), St, Louis, (Riehl). 

573. triflorum, Michx. Sweet-scented Bedstraw. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St, Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

574. virgatum, Nutt. 

Iron, Jeiferson, St. Louis, Washington, (Letterman). 

VALERIANACE^. 

575. Valeriana pauciflora, Michx. Valerian. 

(Gray in Flora of N. A.) 

576. Valerianella radiata, Michx. Corn Salad. 

Bates (Broadhead), Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

577. stenocarpp, Krok. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

578. chenopodiiblia, DC. 

Boone, (Galloway). 



A. R.— 2S 



40 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



DIPSACE^E. 

Teasel Family. 

579. Dipsacus sylvestris, Mill. Wild Teasel, 

Franklin, St. Louis, (Letterman). Greene, (Shepard). 

COMPOSITE. 
Sunflower Family. 

580. Elephantopus Carolinianus, Willd. Elephant's Foot. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Letterman). 

581. Venionia Arkansana, DO. Ironweed. 

Common Southward. 

582. altissima, Nutt. 

Cass, Pettis, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush) 

583. Baldwinii, Torr. 

Eastern Mo., (Gray). 
581. fasciculata, Micbx. 

Jackson, (Bash), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

585. Noveboracensis, Willd. 

Common. 

586. var, latilolia, Gray, 

Greene and Jackson, (Bush). 

587. Eupatoriuin ageratoides, L. White Snake-root. 

Common. 

588. altissimum, L. 

Common. 

589. aromaticum L. 

Jackjon, rare, (Bash), Pettis, (McCluney). 

590. coeiestinum, L. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Tracy), Southern Mo., (Broad- 
head). 

591. perloliatum, L. Thoroughwort. 

Common everywhere. 

592. var. cuneatum, Eng. 

Eastern Mo., (Engelmann). 

593. purpureum, L. Joe Pye Weed. 

Common. 



CATALOGUE. 41 



591. serotinum, Michx. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, (McCluney), Pike, (Pech), 
St. Louis, (Murti'eldt). 

595. sessilifolium, L. Upland Boneset. 

Boone, (Galloway), Wright, (Bush). 

596. Kuhnia eupatorioides, L. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Francois, (Galloway). 

597. Liatris cylindracea, Michx. Blazing Star. 

Common. 

598. elegans, Willd. 

Boone, (Galloway), Nodaway, Pike, Kails, (Broadhead). 

599. graminifolia, Pursh. var. dubia, Gray. 

Pike, (Pech). 

600. punctata, Hook. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

601. pycnostachya. Michx. 

Audrain, (Tracy), Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 
Pettis, (McCluney), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

602. scariosa, Willd. 

Common everywhere. 

603. spicata, Willd. 

Jackson, (Mann). 
601. squarrosa, Willd. 

Common. 

605. Aphiacliyris dracuoculoides, Nutt. 

Common Westward, (Broadhead). 

606. Grindelia lanceolata, Nutt. 

Wright, (Bush). 

607. squarrosa, Dunal. 

In a few Southwestern counties. 
60S. var. nuda. Gray. 

St. Louis, (Gray in Flora of N. A). 

609. Aplopappus ciliatus, DC. 

(Gray in Flora of N. A). 

610. Solidago bicolor, L. Golden Rod. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

611. var. concolor, Torr. & Gray. 

Wright, (Bush). 

612. Canadensis, L. 

Common. 



42 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



613. var. scabra, Torr. & Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

614. Drummondii, Torr. & Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy) St. Louis, (Drummond). 

615. Gattingeri, Ohapm. 

St. Louis, (Letterman), Wright, (Bush). 

616. lanceolata, L. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

617. latifolia, L. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

618. Missouriensis, Nutt. 

Common on dry prairies. 

619. nemoralis, Ait. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murfc- 
feldt). 

620. patula, Muhl. 

(Gray in Flora N. A). 

621. petiolaris, Ait. 

Greene. (Shepard), Wright, (Bush). 

622. puberula, Nutt. 

Butler, (Letterman). 

623. radula, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

624. Kiddellii, Frank. 

St. Charles, (Egeling), St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

625. rigida, L. 

Common. 

626. rupestris, Raf. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

627. serotina, Ait. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

628. var. gigantea, Gray. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

629. Shortii, Torr. & Gray. 

Wright, (Bush). 

630. speciosa, Nutt. 

Comrann Westward. 

631. var. rigidiuscula, Torr. & Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

632. tenuifolia, Pursh. 

Common Westward. 



CATALOGUE. 43 



633. ulmifolia, Muhl. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

634. Chaetopappa asteroides, DC. 

(Gray in Flora N. A.) 

635. Boltonia asteroides, L'Her. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

636. var. decurrens, Engelm. 

St. Louis, (Eggert). 

637. latisquama, Gray. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Parry), Pettis, (Mc- 
Cluney. 

638. Aster anomalus, Engelm. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann), Wright, (Bush). 

639. azureus, Lindl. 

Common. 

640. cordifolius, L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Cass, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech). 

641. diftusus, Ait. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Pike, (Psch). 

642. Drummondii, Lindl. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Torr. & Gray.) 

643. ericoicles, L. 

Jackson and Wright, (Bush), St. Louis, (Tracy). 

644. var. villosus, T. &. G. 

(Gray in Flora, N. A..) 

645. grandiflorus, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 

646. jnoceus, Ait. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

647. Isevis, L. 

Common. 

648. linariifolius, L. 

Wright, (Bush). 

649. longifolius, Lam. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

650. multiflorus, Ait. 

Common. 

651. Novas-Anglias, L. 

Common. 

652. olongifolius,Nutt. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), 



44 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



653. • paludosus. Ait. 

(Gray in Flora, N. A.) 

654. patens, Ait. 

Greene, (Shepard), Wright, (Bush). 

655. paniculatus, Lam. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

656. ptarmicoides, T. & Gray. 

Common Southward. 

657. recticulatus, Pursb. 

Cass and Jackson, (Broadhead.) 

658. sagittifolius, Willd. 

Greene, (Shepard), St. Louis, (Drummond). 

659. salicifolius, Ait. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

660. var. subasper. 

St. Louis, (Drummond). 

661. sericeus, Vent. 

Common. 

662. Shortii, Boot. 

Pike, (Pech.) 

663. tenuifolius, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

664. Tradescanti, L. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush). 

665. turbinellus, Lindl. • 

Common everywhere. 

666. undulatus, L. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

667. Erigeron annuus, Pers. Fleabane 

Common everywhere. 

668. bellidifoliue, Muhl. 

Common. 

669. Canadensis, L. 

Common. 

670. divaricatus, Michx. 

Common. 

671. glabellus, Nutt. 

"Missouri," (Nuttall). 

672. Philadelphicus, L. 

Common everywhere. 

673. strigosus, Muhl. 

Common. 



CATALOGUE. 



45 



Leaf Cup. 



674. Pluchea camphorata, DO. Salt-marsh Fleabane. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

675. Aiitennaria plantaginifolia, Hook. Everlasting. 

Common. 

676. Giiaplialium decurrens, Ives. Everlasting. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

677. polycephalum, Michx. 

Boone, (Tracy), Green and Jackson, CBush), Pettis, 
(McClunev), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

678. purpureum, L. Purple Cudweed. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 

679. Inula Helenium, L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

680. Polymnia Canadensis, L. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

681. var. radiata, Gray. 

Jackson, (Mann). 

682. Uvedalia, L. 

Butler and St. Louis, (Letterman.) 

683. Silphium integrifolium, Michx. 

Common. 

684. laciniatum, L. 

Common on dry prairies. 

685. perfoliatum, L. 

Common. 

686. terebinthinaceum, L. 

Common on wet prairies. 

687. Berlandiera Texana, DC. 

Southwest Missouri, (Gray). 

688. tomentosa, T. & Gray. 

(Gray in Flora, N. A.) 

689. Parthenium integrifolium, L. 

Common. 

690. ciliata, Willd. Hairy Marsh Elder. 

Greene, Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

691. frutescens, L. 

Boone, (Galloway). 
692., xanthiifolia, Nutt. Marsh Elder. 

Common. 
693. Ambrosia bidentata, Michx. Ragweed. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Greene, (Shepard), Iron, (Letter- 
man). 



Rosin Weed. 

Cup-Plant. 

Compass Plant. 



I 

46 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



694. trifida, L. Great Ragweed. 

Common everywhere. 

695. var integrifolia, T. & G. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

696. artemisiasfolia, L. Bitterweed. 

Common. 

697. psilostachya, DC. 

Common Southward. 

698. Xanthiuni Canadecse, Mill. Cocklebur. 

Common everywhere. 

699. var. echinatum, Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy), Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

700. spinosum, L. 

Perry, (Demetrio). 

701. Heliopsis Isevis, Pers. Ox eye. 

Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, (Tracy). 

702. gracilis, Nutt. 

Wright, (Bush). 

703. scabra, Dunal. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

704. Eclipta alba, Hasskarl. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, (McCluney), Pike, (Pech), 
St. Louis, (Kiehl). 

705. Echinacea angustifolia, DC. Purple Cone-Flower. 

Common everywhere. 

706. purpurea, Moench. 

Common. 

707. Rudbeckia bicolor, Nutt. Cone-Flower. 

Wright, (Bush). 

708. fulgida, Ait. 

Common. 

709. hirta, L. 

Common. 

710. laciniata, L. 

Common everywhere. 

711. speciosa, Wend. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, (McCluney), St. Louis, 
(Riehl). 

712. subtomentosa, Pursh. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

713. triloba, L. 

Common. 



CATALOGUE. 47 



714. Lepachys pinnata, Torr. & Gray. 

Cass, (Broad head), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

715. Helianthus angustifolius, L Sunflower. 

Ralls, Vernon, (Broadhead.) 

716. annuus, L. Common Sunflower. 

Very common West, and becoming so East. 

717. decapetalus, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 

718. divaricatus, L. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 

719. doronicoides, Lam. 

Common westward. 

720. giganteus, L. 

Pettis, (McCluney), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Engel- 
mann). 

721. grosse-serratus, Martins. 

Common. 

722. hirsutus, Raf. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Mann). 

723. laetiflorus, Pers. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Pettis, (McCluney), St. Louis, 
(Murtfeldt). 

724. Maximiliani, Schrad. 

Wngiit, (Bush). 

725. mollis, Lam. 

Common. 

776. occidentalis, Riddel].. 

(Gray in Flora of N. A.) 

777. orgyalis, D. C. 

Vernon, (Broadhead). 

778. petiolaris, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

779. rigidus, Desf. 

Common. 

780. strumosus, L. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

781. tracheliifolius, Wiild. 

(Jackson, (Bush). 

782. tuberosus,L, Artichoke. 

Occasionally escaped. 

783. var. subcanescens, Gray. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann). 



48 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



781. Verbesina helianthoides, Mx. Orownbeard. 

Common everywhere. 

785. Virginica, L. 

Iron, (L^tterman). 

786. Actinoineris squarrosa, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, (MeCiuney), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

787. alba, T. & G. 

Perry. (Demetrio). 

788. Coreopsis aristosa, Michx. Tick-seed 

Common. 

789. var. mutica, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

790. auriculata, L. 

Greene, (Shepard), Pettis, (MeCiuney), St. Louis,. 
(Riehl). 

791. discoida, Torr & Gray. 

Pike, (Pech). 

792. • gladiata, Walt, 

Newton, (Broadhead). 

793. grandiflora, Nutt. 

Common Southwest. 

794. involucrata, Nutt. 

Greene, Jackson, (Bush). 

795. lanceolata, L. 

Greene, Wright, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letterman), 

796. palmata, Nutt. 

Common. 

797. pubescens, Ell. 

(Gray in Flora of N. A.) 

798. senifolia, Michx. 

St. Louis, (Drummond). 

799. tinctoria, Nutt. 

Common about old gardens. 

800. trichosperma, Michx. Tick-seed Sunflower. 

Boone, (Tracy), Pike, (Pech). 

801. tripteris, L. Tall Coreopsis. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Lewis, (Egeling). 

802. verticillata, L, 

Lewis, (Egeling), Pettis, (MeCiuney). 

803. Bidens Beckii, Torr. Water Marigold. 

St. Louis, (Beck). 



CATALOGUE. 49 



804. bipiunata, L. Spanish Needles. 

Common everywhere. 

805. cernua, L. Small Bur- Marigold. 

Common. 

808. chrysanthemoides, Mx Large Bur-Marigold. 
Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

807. connata,Muhl. Swamp Beggar-ticks. 

Common everywhere. 

808. frondosa, L. Common Beggar-licks. 

Common everywhere. 

809. Hymenopappus tenuifolius, Pursh. 

(Watson in King's 5th Report). 

810. Helenium autumnale, L. Sneeze-weed. 

Common. 

811. nudiflorum, Nutt. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

812. tenuifolium, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush). Migrating toward St. Louis along 
I. M. R. R, (Letterman). 

813. Gaillarclia aristata, Pursh. 

(Gray in Flora of N. A). 

814. pinnatifida, Torr. 

(Gray in Flora of N. A.). 

815. Dysodia chrysanthemoides, Lag. Fetid Marigold. 

Common. 

816. Anthemis arvensis, L. Chamomile. 

Waste places, St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

817. Cotula, L. May- weed. 

Along roadsides everywhere. 

818. Achillea Millefolium, L. Milfoil. 

Common everywhere, and becoming a troublesome 
weed Westward. 

819. Matricaria discoidea, DC. Wild Chamomile. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

820. Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum, L. Ox-eye Daisy. 

Boone, (Galloway), JacKson and Randolph, (Bush),. 
Pettis, (McCluney),St, Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

821. Tanacetum vulgare, L. Tansy.. 

Common in old gardens. 

822. Artemisia annua, L. Wormwood. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

823. biennis, Wild. Biennial Wormwood. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 



50 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



824. Canadensis, Michx. 

Pike, (Pech). 

825. caudata, Michx. 

(Torrey & Gray). 

826. dracunculoides, Pursh. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

827. frigida, Wild. 

(Torrey & Gray), 

828. Ludoviciana, Nutt. 

Common. 

829. vulgaris* L. 

Common westward. 

830. Senecio aureus, L. 

Common everywhere 

831. var.' Balsamita, T. & G. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

832. lobatus, Pers. 

Common. 

833. tomentosus, Mx. 

Pike, (Pech). 

834. vulgaris, L. 

Boone. (Tracy). 

835. Cacalia atriplicifolia, L 

Common in damp woods. 
83G. reniformis, Muhl. Great Indian Plantain. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

837. suaveolens, L. Indian Piantain. 

Pike, (Pech). 

838. tubrosa, Nutt. Tuberous Indian Plantain. 

Common. 

839. Erechthites hieracifolia, Raf. 

Common. 

840. Artium Lappa, L. 

Common in rich ground 

841. Cnicus altissimus, Willd. 

Common. 

842. var. discolor, Gray. 

Jackson (Bush). 

843. arvensis, Hoff. 

Very rare, but has been found in Cass, Jackson and 
one or two other counties. 



Western Mugwort. 

Common Mugwort. 

Squaw- weed. 

Butter-weed. 
Wooly Ragwort. 
Common Groundsel 
Pale Indian Plantain. 



Fireweed. 

Burdock. 

Tall Thistle. 



Canada Thistle. 



CATALOGUE. 51 



844. lanceolatus, Hoff. Common Thistle. 

Common. 

845. Virginianus, Pursh. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

846. Apogon humilis, Ell. 

Bates, Cass, (Broadhead). 

847. Ivrigia Yirginica, Willd. Dwarf Dandelion- 

Common Eastward. 

S4n Dandelion, Nutt. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

849. Cicliorium Intyhus, Ciehoiy, 

Greene, (Shepard). 

850. Hieracium Canadense, Michx. Canada Hawkweed. 

Cass, (Broadhead). 

851. Gronovii, L. Hairy Hawkweed. 

Pike, (Pech), Wright, (Bush). 

852. longipilum, Torr. Long-bearded Hawkweed. 

Greene and Jackson, (Bush). 

853. scabrum, Michx. Rough Hawkweed.. 

Wright, (Bush). 

854. Preuanthes aspera, Mx. Rattlesnake Boot. 

Common. 

355. altissima, L, Tall White Lettuce. 

Wright, (Bush). 

856. racemosa, Mx. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

857. crepidinea, Mx. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Pdehl). 

855. Troximon cuspidatum, Pursh. 

Common. 

859 Taraxacum officinale, Weber. Dandelion. 

Common everywhere. 

860. Pyrrkopappus Carolinianus. DC. False Dandelion. 

Greene, (Shepard), Madison, ( Broadhead )^ Missis- 
sippi, (Galloway). 

861. scaposus, DC. 

Bates and Vernon, (Broadhead) 



52 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



862. Lactuca scariola, L. Prickly Lettuce. 

Jackson, (Bush) " Thoroughly naturalized in St. 
Louis during the last eight years, and has now 
taken to the woods."— (Letterman.) 

863. Canadensis, L. 

Common. 

864. integrifolia, T. & G. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis. (Murtfeldt). 

865. hirsuta, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

866. Ludoviciana, DC. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

867. Floridana, Gaertn. 

Common along old fences. 

868. acuminata, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bash), St. Louis, Murtfeldt. 

869. Sonchus oleraceus, L. Sow thistle. 

Common. 

870. asper, Till. Spiny-leaved Sow-thistle. 

Common everywhere. 

871. arvensis, L. Field Sow-thistle. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

LOBELIACE^E. 

Lobelia Family. 

872. Lobelia cardinalis, L. Cardinal Flower. 

All parts, but becoming rare. 

873. inflata, L Indian Tobacco. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pettis, (McCluney), 
Pike (Pech), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

874. Kalmii, L. 

Knox, (Broad he ad). 

875. leptostachys, A. DC. 

Common. 

876. puberula, Michx. 

St. Louis, (Tracy). 

877. spicata, Lam. 

Common. 

878. syphilitica, L. Blue Lobelia. 

Common everywhere. 



CATALOCxUE. 



53 



Venus' Looking glass. 
Tall Bell-flower. 



QAMPANOLACE^E. 

Campanula Family. 

879. Specularia leptocarpa, Gray. 

Common Westward. 

880. perforata, A. DC. 

Common everywhere. 

881. Campanula Americana, L. 

Common. 

ERICACEAE. 

Heath Family. 



882. Gaylussacia resinosa, T. & G. 

Miller, (Winick). 

883. dumosa, T. & G. 

Newton, (Broadhead). 
$84. Vaccininm arboreum, Marshall. 

Common South and Southeast. 

885. corymbosum,L. Swamp Blueberry. 

Greene, (Shepard), Iron, (Broadhead). 

886. Pennsylvanicum, Lam. D\varf Blueberry . 

Common Southeast. 

887. stamineum, L. Deerberry. 

Iron, (Letterman). 

888. vacillans, Solander. Low Blueberry. 

Boone, Howard. Greene and Southeast. 

889. Arctostaphylos Ura-ursi, Spreng. 

Southeast, (Broadhead). 

890. lieucotkoe racemosa, Gray. 

Madison, (Broadhead). 

891. Rhododendron nudiflorum, Torr. 

Madison, (Broadhead). 
-892. Scliweinitzia odorata, Ell. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldi). 
893. Monotropa uninoia, L. 

Common lrom Pike, Boone and Jackson Southward. 



Black Huckleberry. 

Dwarf Huckleberry. 

Farkleberry. 



Bearberry. 

Purple Azalea. 

Sweet Pinesap. 

Indian Pipe. 



54 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



PEIMULAOE^E. 

Primrose Family. 

891. Dodecatlieon Meadia, L. Shooting Star. 

Common. 
895. Androsace occiden talis, Pursh. 

Franklin, St. Louis, (Letterman)? Jackson, (Bush), 
Pike, (Pech). 
895. Steironema ciliatum, liif. Loosestrife. 

Common 

897. lanceolatum, Gray. 

Cass, (Broadhead), St. Louis. (Riehl). 

898. var. hybridum. Gray. 

Jackson, Randolph, (Bush), Miller, (Winiek). 

899. longif^ium, Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard), Madison, (Broad- 
heaa). 

900. Lysimackia stricta, Ait. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldl). 

901. nmnmularia, L. Moneywort. 

Escaped from gardens in damp ground. 

902. Anagallis arvensis, L. Pimpernel. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

903. Samolus Valerandi, L. Water Pimpernel. 

Pike, (Pech). 
901. var. Americanus, Gray. 

Greene, (Bush), St. Louis and Southeast, (Lei terman). 

SAPOTACE^E. 

Sapodilla Family. 

905. Bimielia lanuginosa, Pers. Bumelia. 

Occasionally from Missouri River bluffs Southward. 

906. lycioides, Grertn. JScuthern Buckthorn. 

St. Louis ami Southward, (Letterman). 

907. tenax,Wil!d. 

Miller, (Winiek). 



CATALOGUE. 55 



EBENACE^E. 

Ebony Family* 

908. Diospyros Virgiaiana, L. Persimmon. 

Common except Northwest. 

OLEACE^E. 

Ash Family- 

909. Fraxinus Americana, L. White Ash* 

The most common species. 

910. pubescens, Lam. Ked Ash. 

Jackson, (Bash), Saline, (Galloway). 

911. quadrangulata, Michx. Blue Ash. 

Common Eastward from Chariton, Howard and Greene, 

912. sambucifolia, Lam. Black Ash. 

Boone, (Galloway), Callaway and Cedar, (Broadhead). 

913. viridis, Michx. f. Green Ash. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush), Ralls, (Broad- 
head). 

914. Forestiera acuminata, Poir. 

Pike, (Pech), Bank of Mississippi at mouth of Mera- 
mec River, (Letterman). 

915. Chionanthus Virginica, L. White Fringe. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

APOCYNACEJE. 

Dogbane Family. 

916. Amsonia Tabernsemontana, Walt. 

Commou. 

917. Apocynum androsaemifolium, L. 

Boone, (Galloway), Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush), 
St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

918. cannabinum, L. Indian Hemp. 

Common everywhere. 

919. var. hypericifolium, Gray. 

Pike, (Pech), Putnam, (Swallow). 

ar-29 



56 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



ASCLEPIADACE^E. 

Milkweed Family. 

920. Anantherix connivens, Gray. 

Franklin & St. Louis, (Letterman), Miller, (Winick). 

921. Asclepiodora viridis, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

922. Asclepias Oornuti, Decaisne. Silkweed. 

Common everywhere, 

923. incarnata, L. Swamp Milkweed. 

Common. 

924. Meadii, Torr. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Putnam, (Swal- 
low). 

925. obtusifolia, Michx. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

926. paupercula, Michx. 

Gentry, (Swallow). 

927. perennis, Walt. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

928. phytolaccoides, Pursh. Poke Milkweed. 

Iron, (Broadhead). 
529. purpurascens, L. Purple Milkweed. 

Common. 

930. quadrifolia, Jacq. Four-leaved Milkweed. 

Common. 

931. rubra, L. Red Milkweed. 

Boone, (Galloway), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 
932 Sullivantii, Engelm. 

Cass & Daviess, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

933. tuberosa, L. Pleurisy Root. 

Common everywhere. 

934. variegata, L, 

Boone, (Galloway). 

935. verticillata, L. Whorled Milkweed. 

Common. 

936. viridiila, Chipm. 

Miller, (Winick). 

937. A cerates lanuginosa. Decaisne. Green Milkweed, 

White River, (Nuttall). 

938. longifolia, Ell. 

Common. 



CATALOGUE. 57 



939. viridiflora, Ell. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

940. var. lanceolata, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

941. var. linearis, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

942. Enslenia albida, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush), Lawrence, (Swallow), St. Louis, 
(Murtfeldt). 

943. Vincetoxicum nigrum, Mcench. 

Jackson, (Tracy). 

944. GrOiiolobus Carolinensis, R. Br. 

Franklin, Iron and St. Louis, (Letterman). 

945. laevis, Michx. var. macrophyllus, Gray. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

946. obliquus, R. Br. 

Madison, (Broadhead). 

LOGANIACE^E. 

Logania Family. 

947. Spigelia Marilandica, L. Pink Root. 

Madison, (Broadhead), St. Francois, (Tracy). 

GENTIANACE^E. 

Gentian Family. 

948. Sabbatia angularis, Pursh. American Centaury. 

Common. 

949. stellaris, Pursh. 

Clay, (Mann). 
y50. Gentiana alba. Mahl. White Gentian. 

Common Westward. 

951. Andrewsii, Griseb. Closed Gentian. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

952. angustifolia, Michx. Narrow-leaved Gentian. 

Pettis, (McCluney), Ripley, (Broadhead). 

953. puberula, Michx. 

Common. 

954. quinqueflora, Lam. Five flowered Gentian. 

Adair, (Broadhead). 



58 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



955. Bartonia tenella, Muhl. 

Collected in Missouri by Swallow. No locality given. 

956. Limnanthemum lacunosum, Griseb. Floating Heart. 

"Missouri,' 1 (Meehan). 

POLEMON1ACEJE. 

Polemonium Family. 

957. Phlox amoena, Sims. Sweet William. 

Greene, (Shepard), Livingston, (Broadhead), Miller, 
(Winick). 

958. bifida, Beck. 

(Gray's Manual, 5th Ed). 

959. divaricata, L. 

Common everywhere. 

960. glaberrima, L. 

Clay and Saline, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), St. 
Louis, (Letterman). 

961. maculata, L. Common Wild Sweet William. 

Common everywhere. 

962. paniculata, L. 

Common. 

963. pilosa, L. 

Common. 

964. procumbens, Lehm. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

965. reptans, Michx. 

Boone, (Tracy), Clay, (Broadhead), Knox, (Linn), 
Pike, (Pech). 

966. Polemonium reptans, L. Greek Valerian. 

Common in damp places. 

HYDROPHYLLACEiE. 

Waterleaf Family. 

967. Hydrophyllum appendiculatum, Michx. Waterleaf. 

Common. 

968. macrophyllum, Nutt. 

Jackson, (Bush). 



CATALOGUE. 59 



969. Virginicum, L. 

Common. 

970. Ellisia Nyctelea, L. 

Common in damp soils. 

971. Phacelia bipinnatifida, Michx.. 

"Missouri," (Meehan). 

972. fimbriata. Michx. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Eiehl). 

973. parviflora, Pursh. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

974. var. hirsuta, Gray. 

Greene, (Shepard), Jasper, (Broadhead). 

975. Purshii, Buckl. 

Clay, (Broadhead). 

976. Hydrolea affinis, Gray. 

Butler, (Lettermann). 

977. quadrivalvis, Walt. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

BORRAGINACE^E. 

Barrage Family. 

978. Heliotropium tenellum,Torr. Wild Heliotrope. 

Franklin, Greene, Iron and St. Louis, (Letterman), 
Wright, (Bush). 

979. Indicum, L. Indian Heliotrope. 

Butler and St. Louis, (Letterman), Mississippi, (Gal- 
loway). 

980. Cynoglossum oMcinale, L. Hound's Tongue. 

Common about old gardens. 

981. Virginicum, L. Wild Comfrey. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

982. Echinospermum Virginicum, Lehm. Stickseed. 

Common. 

983. Mertensia Virginica, DC. Virginian Cowslip. 

Common in damp woods. 

984. Myosotis arvensis, Hoffm. Forget-me-not. 

Pike, (Pech). 



60 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



985. verna, Nutt. 

St. Louis, (Geyer). 

986. Iiithospermum arvense, L. Corn Gromwell. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 
9S7. a ngusti folium, Michx. Narrow-leaved Puccoon. 

Commoc. 

988. canescens, Lehm. Alkanet. 

Common on dry hills. 

989. hirtum, Lehm. Hairy Puccoon. 

Common. 

990. latifolium, Michx. Wide-leaved Puccoon* 

Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick). 

991. Onosmodium Carolinianum, DC. False Gromwell. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

992. var. molle, Michx. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

993. Virginianum, DC. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

994. Echium vulgare, L. Blue-weed. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

995. Symphytum officinale, L. Comfrey. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

^CONVOLVULACEiE. 

Morning Glory Family. 



996. Ipomoea coccinea, L. Cypress -vine* 

Jackson, (Bush). 

997. hederacea, Jacq. 

Jackson, (Bush), Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, (Murt- 
feldt). 

998. lacunosa, L. 

Common. 

999. pandurata, Meyer. 

Common. 

1000. purpurea, Lam. 

A troublesome weed. 

1001. Quamoclit, L. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1002. Convolvulus sepium, L. 

Common. 



Man-of the Earth. 
Morning Glory. 

Bindweed. 



CATALOGUE. 



61 



1003. spithamseus, L. 

Greene, (Shepard). 
1001. Breweria aqaatica, Gray. 

Scotland, (Swallow). 

1005. Evolvulus argenteus,Parsh. 

Franklin and St. Louis, (Letterman), Potosi in Wash- 
ington (Gray's Manual, 5th Ed.) 

1006. Cuscuta arvensis, Beyrich. Dodder. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1007. chlorocarpa, Engelm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1008. compacta, Juss. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

1009. cuspidata, Engelm. 

St. Louis, (Eggen). 

1010. glomerata, Chois. 

Common* 

1011. Gronovii, Willd. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1012. tenuiflora, Engelm. 

(Watson in King's 5th Report). 



SOLANACEJE. 

Nightshade Family. 



1013. Solanum Carolinense, L. Horse-Nettle. 

Common everywhere. 

1014. Dulcamara^ L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pettis (McCluney), 
St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1015. nigrum, L. Nightshade. 

Common. 

1016. rostratum, Dunal. 

Very common in Western Missouri, and spreading 
Eastward along railroads. Sometimes erroneously 
called "Canada Thistle." 

1017. Physalis angulata, L. Ground Cherry. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1018. Philadelphica, Lam. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1019. pubescens, L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 



62 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1020. lanceolata, Gray. 

Cass and Jackson, (Broadhead), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1021. var. hirta, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1022. var. laevigata, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1023. Virginiana, Mill. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1024. viscosa, L. 

Common everywhere. 

1025. Meandra physaloides, Gasrtn. Apple of Peru, 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. 
Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1026. Jjjcixnrilvulgare, Dunal. Matrimony Vine. 

Common about old gardens. 

1027. Datura Stramonium, L. Jamestown Weed. 

Common Northwest. 

1028. latula, L. 

Common. 

1029. Nicotiana longiflora. Wild Tobacco. 

Jackson, (Mann). 

SCROPHUL ARI ACE M. 

Figwort Family. 

1030. Verbascum Blattaria, L. Moth Mullein. 

^Common along roadsides. 

1031. Thapsus, L. Mullein. 

Common in old fields. 

1032. Linaria Elatine, Miller. Toad Flax. 

St. Louis, along Mo. Pac. R. R. (Letterman). 

1033. vulgaris, Miller. Butter-and-eggs. 

Common. 

1034. Collinsia verna, Nutt. 

Common. 
3035. violacea, Nutt. 

Bates & Jasper, (Broadhead). 

1036. Scrophnlaria nodosa, L., var. Marilandica, Gray. Figwort. 

Common. 

1037. Chelone glabra, L. Snake-head. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Letterman). 



CATALOGUE. 63 



1038. Pentstemon gracilis, Nutt. Beardtongue. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1039. grandiflorus, Nutt. 

Atchison, (Broadhead). 

1040. lsevigatus, Solander 

Banks of Mississippi River. 
1011. var. Digitalis, Gray. 

Common. 

1042. pubescens, Solander. 

Common Eastward, rare Westward. 

1043. Mimulus alatus, Solander. Monkey Flower. 

Common. 

1044. Jamesii, T. & G. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1045. ringens, Gray. 

Boone & St. Louis. (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

1046. Conobea multifida, Benth. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1047. Herpcstis rotundifolia, Pursh. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

1048. Gratiola aurea, Muhl. Hedge Hyssop. 

St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1049. sphaerocarpa, Ell. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1050. Virginiana, L. 

Cass & Knox, (Broadhead), Pike, ''Pech). Randolph, 
(Bush). 

1051. Ilysanthes gratioloides, Benth. False Pimpernel. 

Common. 

1052. Idmosella aquatica, L. Mudwort. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1053. Veronica agrestis, L. Field Speedwell. - 

St. Louis, (Tracy). 

1054. Anagallis, L. Water Speedwell. 

Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush). 

1055. arvensis, L. Corn Speedwell. 

Common. 

1056. peregrina, L. Purslane Speedwell. 

Very common in cultivated ground. 

1057. serpyllifolia, L. Thyme-leaved Speedwell. 

Boone, (Tracy), Marion, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech). 
T058. Virginica, L. Culver's Physic. 

Common. 



64 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1059. Buclmera Americana, L. Blue Hearts. 

Barton & Bates, (Broadhead), Greene, (Shepard), St. 
Louis, (Riehl). 

1060. Seymeria inacrophylla, Nutt. Mullein Foxglove. 

Boone & St. Louis, (Trac}), Oass, (Broadheao), Jack- 
son, (Bush). 

1061. Gerardia auriculata, Michx. Gerardia. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murt- 
feldt). 

1062. flava, L Downy Foxglove. 

Pike, (Pech), Wright, (Bush), 
1063 grandiflora, Benth. 

Greene, (Shepard), Miller, (Winick). 

1064. pedicularia, L. 

Greeue, (Shepard). 

1065. purpurea, L. 

Common. 

1066. quercifolia, Pursh. 

Osage, (Swallow), Pike, (Pech). 

1067. setacea, Walt. 

Wright, (Bush). 

1068. Skinneriana, Wood. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1069. tenuifolia, Yahl. 

Common. 

1070. Castilleia coccinea, Spreng. 

Common everywhere. 

1071. sessiliflora, Pursh. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1072. Pedicularis Canadensis, L. 

Common in rich woods. 

1073. lanceolata, Michx. 

Greene, (Shepard). 



Purple Gerardia. 
Smuoth Foxglove. 



Slender Gerardia. 
Painted Cup. 

Lousewort. 



OROBANCHACE^E. 

Broomrape Family. 



1074. Aphyllon uniflorum, T. & G. One Flowered Cancer Root. 

Com m or. 

1075. Epipkegus Virginiana, Bart. Cancer Root 

Missouri, (Meehan). 



CATALOGUE. 65 



LENTIBULACEJS. 

Bladderwort Family. 

1076. Utricularia minor, L. Small Bladderwort. 

St. Louis, (RiehJ). 

1077. vulgaris, L. Great Bladderwort. 

Common in ponds. 

BIGNONIACE^E. 

Biqnonia Family* 

1078. Bignonia capreolata. L. 

Common Southeast. 

1079. Tecoma radicans, Juss. Trumpetvine. 

Common South of Pike, Boone, Pettis and Bates. 

1080. Catalpa bignonioides, Walt. Common Catalpa. 

Common. 

1081. speciosa, Warder. Hardy Catalpa. 

Undoubtedly indigenous along Black River where Let- 
terman procured logs three feet in diameter. 
Also found frequently in other localities, where 
perhaps it has been planted. 

PEDALIACEJE. 

1082. Martynia proboscidea v Glox. Unicorn Plant. 

Common. 

ACANTHACEiE. 

Acanthus Family. 

1083. Calophanes oblongifolia, Don. 

St. Louis. (Riehl). 

1084. Ruellia ciliosa, Pursh. 

Common. 

1085. var. longiflora, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1086. strepens, Nees. 

Common from Pike and Cass Southward. 

1087. Dianthera Americana, L. Water Willow. 

Common. 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1088. 
1039. 
1090. 
1091. 
1092. 
1093. 
1094. 
1095. 
1096. 
1097. 
1098. 



VERBENACE^E. 

Vervain Family. 

Pkryma Leptostachya, L. Lopseed. 

Common in rocky woods. 
Verbena angustifolia. Michx. Narrow-leaved Vervain. 

Common on dry hills. 
Aubletia, L. 

Common South and West, 
bracteosa, Michx. 

Common along roadsides, 
hastata, L. Blue Vervain. 

Common in waste places. 
officinalis, L. European Vervain. 

Mississippi, (Galloway), Pike, (Pech). 
stricta, Vent. 

Common, 
urticifolia, L. 

Common along roadsides. 
Lippia lanceolata, Michx. 

Common, 
nodiflora, Michx. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 
Callicarpa Americana, L. 

Miller, (Winick). 

LABIATE. 

Mint Family. 



Hoary Vervain. 

White Vervain. 

Fog-fruit. 

French Mulberry. 



1099. 
1100. 
1101. 
1102. 
1103. 



Trichostema dichotomum, L. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 
Isanthus caeruleus, Michx. 

Common on barrens. 
Teucrium Canadense, L, 

Common everywhere. 
Collinsonia Canadensis, L. 

Iron and Wayne, (Letterman). 
Mentha Canadensis, L. 

Common on low grounds. 



Blue Curls. 

False Pennyroyal. 

Wood Sage. 

Horse Balm. 

Wild Mint. 



CATALOGUE. 67 



1104. var. glabrata, Benth. 

Jackson, (Busb). 

1105. piperita, L. Peppermint. 

Common about gardens. 

1106. viridis, L. Spearmint. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1107. Lycopus rubellus, Mcench. Water Horehound, 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1108. sinuatus, Ell. 

Common. 

1109. Virginicus, L. 

Common on river bottom lands. 

1110. Cunila Mariana, L. Dittany. 

Common from Pike and Callaway South and West. 

1111. Pycnanthemum lanceolatum, Pursh. Mountain Mint. 

Greene, (Shepard), Pike, (Pech). 

1112. leptopodon, Gra\. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1113. linifolium, Pursh. 

Common. 

1114. muticum, Pers. var. pilosum. Gray. 

Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush). 

1115. Torreyi, Benth. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1116. Calamintlia glabella, Benth. Calaminth. 

Miller, (Winick). 

1117. Nutallii, Benth. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1118. Melissa officinalis, L. Common Balm. 

Common. 

1119. Hedeoma hispida, Pursh. Mock Pennyroyal. 

Common in dry, rocky places. 

1120. pulegioides, Pers. 

Common everywhere. 

1121. Salvia azurea, Lam. Sage, 

Cass, (Broadhead). 

1122. var. grandiflora, Benth. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldi). 

1123. lanceolata, Willd. 

Common. 

1124. lyrata, L. Lyre-leaved Sage. 

Cass and St. Charles, (Broadhead), Iron and Wayne, 
(Letterman), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 



68 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1125. 


Monarda Bradburiana. Beck. 

Common everywhere. 


Horse-mint. 


1126. 


fistulosa, L. 

Common everywhere. 


Wild Bergamot. 


1127. 


punctata, L. 


Horse-mint. 




Greene, (Shepard), Mississippi, 


(Galloway), Pettis, 




(McCluney). 




1128. 


Blephilia ciliata, Raf. 

Common. 




1129. 


hirsuta, Benth. 






Common in damp, open woods 


?. 


1130. 


Lophantlius nepetoides, Benth. 

Common along fenoep. 


Giant Hyssop. 


1131. 


scrophulariaefolius, Benth. 






Cass and Jackson, (Broadhead), 


Pettis, (McCluney). 


1132. 


Nepeta Cataria, L. 


Catnip, 




Common about old gardens 




1133. 


Glechoma, Benth. 

Common in damp places. 


Ground Ivy. 


1134. 


Scutellaria canescens, Nutt. 

Common on hillsides. 


Skullcap. 


1135. 


galericulata, L. 

Jackson, (Bush). 




1136. 


lateriflora, L. 

Common. 




1137. 


nervosa, Pursh. 

Pike, (Pech). 


• 


113*. 


parvula, Michx. 

Common everywhere. 




1139. 


pilosa, Michx. 

Wright, (Bush). 




1140. 


saxatilis, Riddell. 

Miller, (Winick). 




1141. 


versicolor, Nutt. 

Common along river banks. 




1142. 


Brunella vulgaris, L 

Common in pastures. 


Self-heal. 


1143. 


Physostegia Virginiana, Benth. 

Common. 


False Dragon-head. 


1144. 


var. speciosa, Gray. 

Common Westward. 





CATALOGUE. 



69 



1145. 


Marrubium vulgare, L. 

Common about old gardens. 


Horehound, 


1146. 


Leonurus Cardiaca. L, 


Motherwort. 




Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), 


Pettis, (McCluney), 




St. Louis, (Riehl). 




1147. 


Marrubiastrum, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 




1148. 


Lamium amplexicaule* L. 

Ca-s, (Broadhead). 


Dead Nettle. 


1149. 


Stacliys a«pera, Micbx. 

Common. 


Hedge Nettle 


1150. 


var. glabra, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush) 




1151. 


cordata, Riduell. 

Jackson, (Bush). 




1152. 


hyssopifolia. Michx. 

"Missouri,*' (A. Wood) 




1153. 


palustris, L. 

Common. 





PLANTAGINACE^E. 
Plantain Family. 

1154. Plan tago cordata, Lam. Plantain. 

Not rare. 

1155. ■ heterophylla, Nutt. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

1156. lanceolata, L. Ribgrass. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

1157. major, L. Common Plantain. 

About dooryards everwhere. 

1158. Patagonica, Jacq. 

Boone (Galloway), St. Louis, (Kellogg). 

1159. var. gnaphalioides, Gray. 

Clay and Jackson, (Bush) 

1160. var. aristata, Gray. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson,— rare— (Bush), Lewis (Ege- 
ling), Pike,(P^ch). 

1161. pusilla, Nutt 

Common. 



70 FLOR\ OF MISSOURI. 



1162. Rugellii, Decaisne. 

Franklin, Jefferson, and St. Louis, (Letterman), Greene, 
(Shepard). 

1163. Virginica, L. 

Common. 

1164. var. longifolia, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldtj. 



ARISTOLOCHIACE^E. 

Birthwort Family. 

1165. Asarum Canadense, L. Wild Ginger. 

Common in rich woods. 

1166. Aristolochia Serpentaria, L. Virginia Snakeroot. 

Boone (Galloway), Greene and Jackson, (Bush), St. 
Louis, (Tracy). 

1167. Sipho, L'Her. Dutchman's Pipe. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 
L168. tomentosa, Sims. 

Common Southward. 



NYCTAGINACE^E. 

Four o'clock Family. 

1169. Oxybaphus albidus, Sweet. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1170. angustifolius, Sweet. 

Common Westward. 

1171. hirsutus, Sweer. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1172. nyctagineus, Sweet. 

Common. 

PHYTOLACCACE^E. 

Poke Family. 

1173. Phytolacca decandra, L. Poke-rooi 

Common in rich soil. 



CATALOGUE. 



71 



CHENOPODIACE^E. 

Goosefoot Family. 

1174. Cycloloma platyphyllum, Moquin. Winged Pigweed. 

Clay and Jackson, (Bush), Franklin and St. Louis 
along Meramec River, (Letterman). 

1175. Chenop odium album, L. Pigweed. 

Common everywhere. 

1176. yar. viride, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1177. ambrosioides, L. Mexican Tea. 

Common. 

1178. var. anthelminticum, Gray. Wormseed. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1179. Boscianum, Moq. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1180. Botrys, L. Jerusalem Oak. 

Along river bottoms. 

1181. capitatum, Watson. Strawberry Blite. 

\ Boone, (Tracy). 

1182. hgbridum, L. Maple-leaved Goosefoot. 

Common. 

1183. murale, L. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1184. urbicum, L. 

Common. 



AMARAOTACEJS. 

Amaranth Family. 

1185. Amarantus alius, L, Pigweed. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murt- 
feldt). 

1186. Blitum, L. 

Cass, (Broadhead). 

1187. hybridus, L. 

Common. 

1188. hypochondriacus, L. Red Amaranth. 

Booae, (Tracy), Pike, (Pech). 
a r— 30 



72 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



Thorny Amaranth. 
Water-leaf. 



1189. paniculaius, L. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1190. retroflexus, L. 

Jackson, (Bush)- 

1191. spinosus L. 

Common everywhere. 

1192. Acnida rusocarpa, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1193. tubercuiata, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bu6h). 

1194. Iresine celosioides, L. 

Butler, Jefferson and St. Louis, (Letterman). 

POLYGONACEtE. 

Buckwheat Family. 

1195. Rumex Acetosella, L. Sheep Sorrel. 

Common everywhere. 

1196. Britannica, L. Pale Dock. 

Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1197. conglomeratus, Murr. Small Green Dock. 

Boone, (Galloway), Pike, (Pech). 

1198. crisp us, L. 

Common. 

1199. Engelmanni, Ledeb. 

"Missouri," (A. Wood). 

1200. maritimu8, L. 

Along Missouri river. 

1201. ohtusifolius, L 

Common. 

1202. Salicifolius, Weinm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1203. verticillatus, L. 

St Louis, (Kellogg). 

1204. Polygonum acre, H. B. K. 

Common. 

1205. amphibium;',L. 

Cass, (Broadhead). 
V206. ariloliuin, L. Halberd-leaved Tear-thumb. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1207. aviculare, L. Goose-grass. 

Common about door-yards. 



Curled Dock. 

Golden Dock. 

Bitter Dock. 

White Dock. 

Swamp Dock. 

Water Smartweed. 

Water Persicaria. 



CATALOGUE. 73 



1208. Convolvulus, L. Black Bindweed. 

CommoD. 

1209. duraetorum, L. Climbing False Buckwheat. 

Common. 

1210. var. scandens, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1211. erectum, L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike,(Pech). 

1212. Hydropiper, L. Common Smartweed. 

Common everywhere. 

1213. hydropiperoides, Michx. Wild Water Pepper. 

Common. 

1214. incarnatum, Ell. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1215. Muhlenbergii, Watson. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1216. orientale, L. Princes' Feather. 

Escaped from gardens. 

1217. Pennsylvanicum, L. 

Common. 

1218. Persicaria, L. Lady's Thumb. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush) St. Louis, (Murt- 
feldt). 

1219. ramosissimum, Michx. 

Common. 

1220. sagittatum, L. Arrow-Leaved Tear-Thumb . 

Pike, (Pech), St. Francois, (Galloway). 

1221. tenue, Michx. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1222. Virginianum, L. 

Common. 

1223. Fagopyrum esculentum, Moench. Buckwheat. 

Occasionally escaped. 

LAURACE^E. 

Laurel Family. 

1224. Sassafras officinale, Nees. Sassafras. 

Common, except Northwest. A tree cut by Gallo- 
way in Mississippi county, was 125 feet high to 
where the top had been broken off, and meas- 
ured eighteen feet in circumference at seven feet 
above the ground. 



74 



FLOKA OF MISSOURI. 



1225. Lindera Benzoin, Meisner. 

Common. 

1226. melisssef'olia, Blume. 

Greene, (Shepard). 



Spice Bush. 



THYMELEACEJ2. 

Mezereum Family. 

1227. Dircapa lustris, L. 

Common Eastward. 



Leatherwood. 



ELJEAGNACEJ2. 

Oleaster Family, 

1228. Sheplierdia argentea, Nutt. 

" Missouri," (A. Wood). 



Buffalo Berry. 



SANTALACE.E. 

Sandalwood Family. 

1229. Comandra umbellata, Nutt. 

Common. 



Bastard Toad- flax. 



LORANTHACEJS. 

Mistletoe Family. 

1230. Phoradendron flavescens, Nutt American Mistletoe. 

Common in extreme Southeast. 



SAURURACE^E. 

Lizzard^s- lail Family, 

1231. Saururus cernuus, L. 

Common. 



Lizzard's Tail. 



CATALOGUE. 75 



CERATOPHYLLACEJE. 

Hornwort Family. 

1232. Ceratophyllum demersum, L. fiornwort. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

CALLITRICHACE^:. 

Water Stay-wort Family. 

1233. Callitriche Austin!, Engelm. Water Starwort. 

<w Missouri," (Gray's Manual, 5th Ed). 

1234. heterophylla, Pursh. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1235. verna, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

EUPHORBIACE^E. 

Spurge Family. 

1236. Euphorbia commutata, Engelm. 

Franklin, Jefferson & St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1237. corollata, L. 

Common. 

1238. dentata, Michx. 

CommoD. 

1239. dictyosperma, F. & M. 

Clay & Jackson, (Bush). 

1240. discoidalis, Chapm. 

Franklin, Jefferson & St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1241. Geyeri, Engelm, 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1242. heterophil, L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1243. humistrata, Engelm. 

Common. 

1244. hypericifolia, L. 

Common. 

1245. maculata. 

Common. 



76 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



"•246. marginata* Pursh. 

Introduced from the West. 

1247. obtusata, Pursh. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1248. petaloidea, Engelm. 

Cass, (Broadhead). 

1249. serpens, M. B. K. 

Common. 

1250. serpyllifolia, Pers. 

Miller, (Winick). 

1251. Croton capitatus, Michx. 

Common. 

1252. glandulosus, L. 

Franklin, Jefferson & St. Louis, (Letterman), Greene, 
(Shepard). 

1253. monanthogynus, Michx. 

Common. 

1254. Texensis, Mull. 

Jackson, (Bush), 

1255. Acalypha Virginica, L. Three-seeded Mercury. 

Common. 

1256. var. gracilens, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1257. Caroliniana, Walt. 

Greene, (Shepard), Pike, (Pech). 

1258. Kicinus communis, L. Castor Bean. 

Occasionally persistent about gardens. 

1259. Sebastiana ligustrina, Mull. 

St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1260. Tragia macrocarpa, Willd. 

Henry, (Bush). 

1261. urticsefolia, Michx. 

Greene, (Shepard), Miller, (Winick). 

1262. Crotonopsis linearis, Michx. 

Franklin, Jefferson and St. Louis, (Letterman). 

URTICACE^E. 

Nettle Family. 

1263. Ulmus alata, Michx. Winged Elm. 

Common from Callaway and Cole Southeast. 






CATALOGUB. 



77 



White Elm. 

Slippery Elm. 

Corky White Elm. 

Hackberry. 



1264. Americana, L. 

Common everywhere. 

1265. fulva, Michx. 

Common. 

1266. racemosa, Thomas. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson. (Bush). 

1267. Celtis occidentals, L. 

Common. 

1268. Morusiubra, L. Red Mulberry. 

Common. 

1269. alba, L. 

Occasionally escaped. 

1270. Madura aurantiaca. 

Newton, (Swallow), Spring river, (Tracy). 

1271. Urtica dioica, L. Stinging Nettle. 

Common. 

1272. gracilis, Ait. 

Common on moist ground. 

1273. Laportea Canadensis, Gaudich. 

Common. 

1274. Pilea pumila, Gray. 

Common in shady places. 

1275. Boehmcria cylindrica, Willd. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1276. Parietaria Pennsylvania, Muhl. Pellitory. 

Common on rocky banks. 

1277. Cannabis sativa, L. Hemp. 

Common. 

1278. Humulus Lupulus, L. Hops. 

Common. 



Wood Nettle, 

Clearweed. 

False Nettle. 



PLATANACE^E. 

Sycamore Family. 



1279. Platanus occidentals, L. 

Common along streams. 



Sycamore. 



JUGLANDACE.E. 

Walnut Family* 



1280. Juglans cinerea, L. 

Common except West and Northwest. 



Butternut. 



7 8 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1281. nigra, L. Black Walnut- 

Common. 

1282. Carya alba, Nutt. Shell-bark Hickory. 

Common. 

1283. amara, Nutt. Bitter-nut Hickory. 

Common. 

1284. aquatica, Nutt. 

Butler and common in low lands Southeast, (Letter- 
man). 

1285. olivaeformis, Nutt. Pecan. 

Common along rivers except in Northwest. 

1286. porcina, Nutt. Pig-nut Hickory. 

Common. 

1287. sulcata, Nutt. Large Shell-bark Hickory. 

Common along streams. 

1288. tomentosa, Nutt. Mockernut. 

Common except West and Northwest. 

? From four localities in the State I have received nuts 

which are apparently from a hybrid of C. alba and C. 
olivaeformis. They are certainly different from any 
recognized species, but more study is necessary to 
determine their true relationship. (Tracy). 

CUPULIFERJE. 
Oak Family. 

1289. Quercus alba, L. White Oak. 

Common except West of the Nodaway River. 

1290. aquatica, Catesby. Water Oak. 

Common Southeast. 

1291. bicolor, Willd. Swamp White Oak. 

Common except in extreme Northwest. 

1292. Catesbaei, Michx. 

"Missouri," (Engelmann). 

1293. cinerea, Michx. Upland Willow Oak. 

(Swallow in Geol. Survey Rep.) 

1294. coccinea, Wang. Scarlet Oak. 

Common. 

1295. falcata, Michx. Spanish Oak. 

Common Southward. 



CATALOGUE. 79 



1296. heterophylla, Michx. Bartram Oak. 

Cooper, DeKalb, Shelby and Sullivan, (Broadhead), 
Pettis, (Swallow). 

1297. imbricaria, Michx. Laurel Oak. 

Boone, (Tracy), Miller, (Swallow), St. Louis to Butler, 
(Letterman). 

1298. Leana, Nutt. Lea's Oak. 

Butler, St. Louis and Washington, rare, (Letterman). 
Pettis, (Swallow.) 

1299. lyrata, Walt. 

Common in Butler and swamps of S. E. Mo. Six 
trees found near Allenton in 1883, the first time 
observed so far North, (Letterman). 

1300. macrocarpa, Michx. Bur Oak. 

Low lands South and on high lands North. 

1301. Michauxii, Nutt. Cow Oak. 

Butler and swamps of Southeast, (Letterman). 

1302. Muhlenbergii, Engelm. Chestnut Oak. 

Common. 

1303. nigra, L. Blackjack Oak. 

Common. 

1304. obtusiloba, Michx. Post Oak. 

Not West of Liberty and Maryville. Common else- 
where. (Broadhead). 

1305. palustris, Du Roi. Pin Oak. 

Common except Northwest. 

1306. Phellos, L. Willow Oak. 

Common Southeast. 

1307. prinoides, Willd. 

Common Northwest. 

1308. rubra, L. Red Oak. 

Common. 

1309. var. runcinata, Engelm. 

Miller, (Swallow), St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

1310. tinctoria, Bart. Black Oak. 

Common. 

1311. tridentata, Engelm. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

1312. quinqueloba, Engelm. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

1313. Castanea pumila, Michx. Chinquapin. 

Barry, Cedar and Jasper, (Broadhead). 



80 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1314. vulgaris, var. Americana, Walt. Chestnut. 

Swallow reports one large tree in New Madrid. 

1315. Fagus ferruginea, Ait. Beech. 

In Southeast only. 



CORYLACE.E. 

Hazel Family. 

1316. Ostrya Virginica, Willd. 

Common. 

1317. Carpinus Caroliniana, Walt. 

Common except Northwest. 

1318. Corylus Americana, Walt. 

Common. 



Hop Tree. 



Hazel Nut. 



BETULACEJE. 

Birch Family. 

1 319. Betula alba, var. populifolia, Sp. 

Common along streams. 

1320. nigra, L. 

Common except Westward. 

1321. Alnus incana, Willd. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

1322. serrulata, Ait. 

Common except Northwest. 



White Birch. 

Red Birch. 

Speckled Alder. 

Smooth Alder. 



SALICACEJE. 

Willow Family. 

1323. Salix^a,L. 

Introduced. 

1324. var. vitellina, Gray. 

Introduced. 

1325. amygdaloides, And. 

Jackson, (Bush). 
1320. Candida, Willd. 

Iron, (Broadhead.) 



White Willow. 
Golden Willow. 

Hoary Willow. 



catalogue. 81 



1327. cordata, Muhl. Heart-leaved Willow. 

(Watson in King's 5th Report). 

1328. var. rigid a, Muhl. 

St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1329. var. angustata, And. 

Putnam, (Swallow). 

1330. discolor, Muhl. Glaucous Willow. 

Greene, (Shepard), Southern Mo., (Sargent). 

1331. humilis, Marsh. Prairie Willow. 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard), Jackson, (Bush), 
St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1332. longifolia, Muhl. Long-leaved Willow. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Putnam, (Swallow). 

1333. lucida, Muhl. Shining Willow. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1334. nigra, Marsh. Black Willow. 

Common. 

1335. petiolaris, Smith. Petioled Willow. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1336. sericea, Marsh. Silky Willow. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1337. tristis, Ait. Dwarf Gray Willow. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1338. Populus alba, L. Silver Poplar. 

Introduced. 

1339. angulata, Ait. Angled Cottonwood. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1340. balsamifera, L. Balsam Poplar. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1341. grandidentata, Michx. Large-toothed Aspen. 

Boone, (Tracy), Wright, (Bush). 

1342. heterophylla, L. Downy Poplar- 

Common Southeast. 

1343. monilifera, Ait. Cottonwood. 

Common, especially Northwest. 

1344. tremuloides, Michx. American Aspen. 

Common Northward. 

CONIFEfLE. 
Pine Family. 

1345. Juniperus communis, L. Juniper. 

Greene, (Shepard). 



82 FLORA OF MlSSOflBI. 



1346. Virginian a, L. Red Cedar. 

Common on hilly woodlands. 
1347 Pinus mitis, Michx. Yellow Pine. 

Letterman reports this from nineteen counties in the 
Ozark region. 
1348. Taxodium distichum, Richard. Cypress. 

Common in the swamps of the Southeast. 



ARACE^E. 

Arum Family. 

1349. Arissema Dracontium, Schott. Dragon Root. 

Boone and St. Louis, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

1350. triphyllum, Torr. Indian Turnip. 

Common. 

1351. Oroutium aquaticum, L. Golden Club. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

1352. Acorus Calamus, L. Sweet Flag. 

Common. 

LEMNACEvE. 
Duckweed Family. 

1353. Lemna gibba, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1354. paucicostata, Hegel. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Gray). 

1355. Torreyi, Austin. 

(Gray's Manual, 5th Ed). 

1356. Speirodela polyrrhiza, Schleid. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

. TYPHACE^E 

Cat-tail Family. 

1357. Sparganium eurycarpum, Engelm. Bur-reed. 

Common. 



CATALOGUE. 83 



1358. var. androcladum, Gray. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1359. var. Nuttallii, Gray. 

Cass, (Broadhead). 

1360. Typha angustifolia, L. Narrow-leaved Flag. 

The most common specie^ Westward. 

1361. latifolia, L. Common Cat-tail Flag. 

Common elsewhere, but rare Westward. 



NAIADACEJS. 

1362. Naias Indica, var. grabillima, Braun. 

" Missouri," (Engelmann). 

1363. Zanniehella palustris, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1364. Potamogeton hybridus, Michx. Pond Weed. 

Boone. (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Perry, (Demetrio), 

1365. var. spicatus, Engelm. 

St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1366. natans, L. 

Common. 

1367. pulcher, Tuck. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

1368. pusillus, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), Perry, (Demetrio). 

1369. Spirillus, Tuck. 

Boone, (Tracy). 



ALISMACEJ2. 

Water Plantain Family. 

1370. Alisma Plantago, L., var. Americanum, Gr. Water-Plantain. 

Common. 
13T1. Echinodorus parvulus, EDgelm. 

" Missouri," (A. Wood). 

1372. radicans, Engelm. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1373. rostratus, Engelm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1374. Sagittaria calycina, Engelm. Arrowhead. 

Greene, (Shepard). 



84 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1375. 
1376. 
1377 
1378. 
1379. 



graminea, Michx. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 
heterophylla, Pursh. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 
lancifolia, L. 

Putnam, (Swallow), St. Louis, (Tracy), 
variabilis, Engelm. 

Common, 
uligniosum, Engelm. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann). 



HYDROCHARIDACE^E. 

Frog's hit Faintly. 

1380. Liiiiiiobium Spongia, Richard. 

Marion, (Swallow). 
1881. Anacharis Canadensis, Planchon. 

Jackson, (Bush). 
1382. Vallisneria spiralis, L. 

St. Louis, (Tracy). 



Frog's- bit. 
Water Weed. 

Eel Grass. 



ORCHIDACE^E. 

Orchis Family. 

1383. Orchis spectabilis. Showy Orchis. 

Boone, (Tracy), Greene, (Shepard), Perry (Demetrio), 
Pike, (Pech). 

1384. Habenaria cristata, R. Br. * Rein Orchis. 

Perry, (Demetrio). 

1385. lacera, R. Br. Ragged Fringed Orchis. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1386. leucophrea, Gray. 

Cass, (Broadhead). Jackson, Bush). 

1387. virescens, Spreng. 

Miller, (Winick), Ralls, (Broadhead), St. Louis, (Let- 
term?n). 

1388. Spiranthes cernua, Richard. Ladies' Tresses. 

Jackson and Wright, (Bush), Mississippi, (Galloway), Pike 
(Pech). 



CATALOGUE. 85 



13S9. gracilis, Big. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson and Wright, (Bush). 

1390. graminea, Lindl., var. Walteri. Gray. 

Not rare Southward. 

1391. Pogonia pendula, Lindl. 

Clay, (Mann), Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1392. Calopogon pulchellus, Nutt. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1393. Bletia aphylla, Nutt. 

St. Louis, near Allenton, rare, (Letterman). 

1394. Microstylis ophioglossoides, Nutt. Adder's Mouth. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1395. Iiiparis liliifolia, Richard. Twayblade. 

Greene, (Shepard), Marion, (Swallow), Miller, (Winick), 
Pike, (Pech). 

1396. Corallorkiza multifiora, Nutt, Coral-rook. 

St Louis, (Letterman). 

1397. odontorhiza, Nutt. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Kellogg). 

1398. striata, Lindl. 

Perry, (Demetrio). 

1399. Applectrum hyemale, Natfc- Putty-root. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Jefferson and St Louis, 
(Letterman). Rare. 

1400. Cyprlpedium caudidum, Muhl. White Lady's Slipper. 

Common. 

1401. parvirlorum, Salisb. Small Yellow Lady's Slipper. 

Common. 

1402. pubescens, Willd. Large Yellow Lady's Slipper. 

Common. 
1408. spect&biie, Swarta. Showy Lady's Slipper. 

Cass, Linn and Mercer, (Broadhead), Putnam, (Swal- 
low). 

AMARYLLIDAJJE^E. 

Amaryllis Family. 

1404. Hymenocalli? maritimum. 

Butler, (Leiterman) 

1405. Agave Virginica, L. False Aloe. 

Madison, (Broadhead), Wright, (Bush). 



86 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1406. Hypoxys erect a, L. Star Grass. 

Common everywhere. 

lRIDACE^E. 
Iris Family 

1407. Iris cuprea, Pursb. 

Jackson, (Frye). 

1408. versicolor, L. 

Common. 

1409. Virginica, L. 

St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1410. Pardanthus Chinensis, Ker. 

Common about old gardens. 

1411. Sisyrinchium anceps, L. Blue-eyed Grass. 

Common everywhere. 

1412. Nemastylis gemmiflora. 

" Missouri, " (T. Gardner). 



Yellow Iris. 

Large Blue Flag. 

Slender Blue Flag. 

Blackberry Lily. 



DIOSCOREACE^E. 

Yam Family. 

1413. Dioscorea villosa, L. 

Common. 



Wild Yam 



SMILACE^E. 

Smilax Family. 



1414. Smilax glauca, Walt. Greenbrier. 

" Missouri," (Swallow)- 

1415. herbacea L. Carrion Flower. 

Common. 

1416. var lasioneuron, Hook. 

Montgomery, (Broadhead). 

1417. var. pulverulenta, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1418. hispida. Muhl. 

Boone, (Tracy), Callaway, (Broadhead), Greene, 
(Shepard), Fike, (Pech). 



CATALOGUE. 



87 



1419. 
1420. 
1421. 
1422. 



Pseudo China, L. 

Boone, (Galloway.) Pemiscot, (Swallow), 
rotundifolia, L. 

Common, 
tamnifolia, Michx. 

" Missouri," (Swallow), 
tamnoides, L. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 



LILIACE^E. 

Lily Family. 

1423. Allium Canadense, Kalm. 

Common. 

1424. cernuum, Roth. 

Common. 

1425. mutabile, Michx. 

Jackson, (Bush). 
1426 stellatum, Nutt 

Greene and Jackson, (Bush). 

1427. Northoscordum striatum, Kunth. 

Common. 

1428. Muscari botryoides Mill. 

Escaped irom gardens. 

1429. Camassia Fraseri, Torr. 

Common. 

1430. Polygonatuni biflorum, Ell. 

Common. 

1431. giganteum, Dietrich. 

Common, 

1432. latifolum, Desf. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1433. Asparagus officinalis, L. 

Escaped from gardens 

1434. Smilacina racemosa, Desf. 

Common 

1435. stellata. Dasf. 
Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Tracy). 

1436. Yucca angustifolia, Pursh. 

Atchison, (Broadhead). 

AR-31 



Wild Garlic. 
Wild Onion. 



Grape Hyacinth. 

Squill. 

Small Solomon's Seal. 

Great Solomon's Seal. 

Asparagus. 

False Spikenard. 

False Solomon's Seal. 

Bear Grass. 



88 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1437. Lilium Canadense, L. Wild Yellow Lily. 

Cass and Iron, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech). 

1438. Catesbaei, Walt. Southern Red Lily. 

Clark, (Broadhead). 

1439. Philadelphicum, L. Wild Orange-red Lily. 

Common. 

1440. superbnm, L. Turks-cap Lily. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1441. var. Carolinianum, Ohapm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1442. Erythronium albidum, Nutt. White Dog-tooth Violet. 

Common. 

1443. Americanum, Smith. Yellow Adder's Tongue. 

Knox, (Linn), Pettis, (McCluney). 

1444. Ornithogalum umbellatum, L. Star-of-Bethlehem. 

About old gardens. 

1445. Uvularia grandiflora, Smith. Bellwort. 

Boone & St. Louis, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

1446. perfoliata, L. 

Common in rich woods. 

1447. Trillium cernuum, L. Nodding Trillium. 

St. Charles, (Broadhead). 

1448. erythrocarpum, Michx. Painted Trillium. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1449. erectum, L. Purple Trillium. 

Boone, (Galloway), St. Charles and St. Louis, (Broad- 
head). 

1450. grandiflorum, Salisb. Large White Trillium. 

St. Louis, (Kellogg). 

1451. recurvatum. Beck. 

St. Charles, fBroadhead). 

1452. sessile, L. # 

Common. 

1453. Melantkium Virginicum, L. Bunch-flower. 

Common. 

1454. Veratrum viride, Ait. Indian Poke. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

1455. Woodii, Bobbins. 

, Pike, (Pech in 1842). Abundant along the Meramec 
in Jefferson county, l « now the only known local- 
ity," (Letterman). 



CATALOGUE. £9 



1456. parviflorum, Michx. 

Marion ^Swallow), Pike, (Broadhead). 

1457. Zygadenus glaberrimus, Michx. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1458. Tofielclia glabra, Nutt. False Asphodel. 

Miller, (Winick). 

JUNCACE^E. 

Rush Family. 

1459. Luzula campestris, DO. 

Boone, (Tracy). 

1460. Juncus acuminatus, Mich. Rush. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1461. var. debilis, Engelm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1462. var. robustus, Engelm. 

"•Missouri," (Engelmann). 

1463. var. legitimus, Eogelm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1464. brachycarpus, Engelm. 

Vernon, (Broadhead). 

1465. marginatus, Rosth. 

Miller, (Winick), Vernon, (Broadhead). 

1466. nodosus, L. 

Common. 

1467. var. megacephalu?, Torr. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1468. scirpoides, Lam. 

Bike, (Pecb). 

1469. var. polycephalus, Engelm. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 
1470* setaceus, Rostk. 

Pike. (Broadhead). 

1471. tenuis, Willd. 

Common. 

PONTEDERIACE^E. 

Pickerel-weed Family. 

1472. Pontederia cordata, L. Pickerel Weed. 

Common. 



90 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1473. Heterantkera graminea. Water Star-grass. 

Maries, (Broadhead), Pike, (Pech). 

1474. limosa, Yah). Mud PJaintain. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

COMMELYNACE^E. 

Spiderwort Family. 

1475. Commelyna Virginica, L. Day Flower. 

Common. 

1476. hirtella, Vahl. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

1477. Cayennensis, Richard. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

1478. Tradescantia rosea. Vent. Spiderwort. 

Boone, (Tracy). Greene, Ralls and Texas, (Broadhead). 

1479. Virginica, L. Common Spiderwort. 

Common. 

1480. var. flexuosa, Watson. 

Common. 

XYRIDACE.E. 

Yellow-eyed Grass Family. 

1481. Xyris flexuosa, Muhl. 

Common. 

CYPERACE^E. 

Sedge Family. 

1482. Cyperus acuminatus, Torr. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Busb). 

1483. compressus, L. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1484. dentatus, Torr. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1485. diandrus, Torr. 

Boone, (Tracy), Callaway, (Broadhead), Jackson, 
(Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1486. Engelmanni, Steud. 

Jackson, (Bush). 



CATALOGUE. 91 



1487. erythrorhizos, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1488. filiculmis, Vahl. 

Jackson, (Bash), Pike, (Pech). 

1489. flavescens, L. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1490. inflexus, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1491. Michauxianus, Schult. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1492. ovularis, Torr. 

St. Louis, (Murtfeldt), Vernon, (Broadhead). 

1493. phymatodes, Muhl. 

Common. 

1494. rotundus, L., var. Hydra, Gray. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1495. Schweinitzii, Torr. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1496. strigosus, L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Vernon, (Broadhead). 

1497. tetragonus, Ell. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1498. Kyllingia pumila, Michx. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Peck), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1499. Dulichium spathaceum, Pers. 

Oass, (Broadhead), Franklin, Jefferson and St. Louis, 
(Letterman). 

1500. Hemicarpha subsquarrosa, Nees. 

Jackson (Bush). g 

1501. Eleocliaris acicularis, R. Br. Spike-Rusk. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1502. compressa, Sulliv. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1503. intermedia, Schultes. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1504. obtusa, Schultes. 

Common. 

1505. palustris, R. Br. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1506. tenuis, Schultes. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Geyer). 



92 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1057. Scirpus atrovirens, Muhl. Bulrush. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech), St. Louis. (Riehl). 

1508. fluviatilis, Gray. 

Bates and Jackson, (Bush). 

1509. lineatus, Michx. 

Common Eastward. 

1510. polyphyllus, Yahl. 

Pike, (Pech), Vernon, (Broadhead). 

1511. pungens, Vahl. 

Boone, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush). 

1512. sylvaticus, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1513. supinus L. var. Hallii, Gray. 

St. Louis, (Engelmann). 

1514. Torreyi, Olney. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1515. validus, Yahl. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1516. Eriophorum gracile, Koch. Cotton Grass. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1517. Fimbristylls autumnalis, R. & S. 

Common. 

1518. capillaris, Gray. 

Common Eastward. 

1519. spadicea, Vahl., var. castanea, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1520. Rhynchospora corniculata, Gray. Beak Rusbt 

Butler, (Letterman). 

1521. Scleria triglomerata, Michx. Nut Rush. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1522. Carex aperta, Boott. Sedge. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1523. acutiformis, Ehrh. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1524. arida, Schw. & Torr. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1525. aristata, R. Br. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1526. bromoides, Schk. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1527. crus-corvi, Shutt. 

Bates, (Bush). 



CATALOGUE. 93 



1528. conjuncta, Boot. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1529. Cherokeensis, Schw. 

Missouri, (A. Wood). 

1530. cristata, Schw. 

Pike, (Pech), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1531. conoida, Schk. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1532. cephalaphora, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1533. Davisii, Schw. & Torr. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1534. echinata, Murr. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1535. eburnea, Boot. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1536. filiformis, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1537. grisea, Wahl. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1538. granulans, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1539. Hitchcockiana, Dew. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1540. hystricina, Willd. 

St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1541. intumescens, Rudge. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1542. lagopodioides, Schk. 

Jackson, (Bush). 
1513. lupulina, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1544. laxiflora, Lam. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1545. var. blanda, Boot. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1546. var. intermedia, Boot. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1547. var. latifolia, Boot. 

Jackson (Bush). 

1548. Meadii, Dew. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Geyer). 



94 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1549. Muhlenbeigii, Schk. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1550. monile, Tuck. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1551. Novse-Anglise, Schw. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1552. oligocarpa, Schk. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1553. pubescens, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1554. Pennsylvanica, Lam. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1555. riparia, Curtis, 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1556. Richardsonii, R. Br. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1557. retroflexa, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1558. rosea, Schk. 

Common. 

1559. var. minor, Boot. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1560. var. radiata, Dew. 

Jackson, (Bush), Pike, (Pech). 

1561. stenolepis, Torr. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1562. Steudelii, Kunth. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1563. sparganoides, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1564. var. minor, Boot. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1565. squarrosa, L. 

Common. 

1566. Shortiana, Dew. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1567. straminea, Schck. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush). 

1568. siccata, Dew. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1569. stipata, Muhl. 

Common. 



CATALOGUE. 95 



1570. sterilis, Willd. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1571. stricta, Lam. 

Common. 

1572. striata, Michx. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1573. trichocarpa, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1574. Tuckermani, Boot. 

Pike, (Pec h), 

1575. tentaculata, Muhl. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1576. triceps, Michx. 

Common Eastward. 

1577. tetanica, Schk. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Riehl). 

1578. umbelJata, Schk. 

Common. 

1579. virescens, Muhl. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1580. vulpinoidea, Michx. 

Common. 

1581. Vaseyi, Dew. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1582. varia, Muhl. 

Common Eastward. 

1583. Willdenovii, Schck. 

St. Louis, (Geyer). 

GRAMINE^E. 

Grass Family. 

1584. Paspalum fluitans, Kth. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1585. leeve, Michx. 

Common. 

1586. setaceum, Mich. 

Common everywhere. 

1587. Panicum agrostoides, Muhl. Panic Grass. 

Common. 



FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



amarum, Ell. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), 
antumnale, Bosc. 

Boone and Mississippi, (Galloway). 

capillare, L. Old-witch Grass. 

Common everywhere, 
clandestinum, L 

Common, 
crusgalli, L. Barn-yard Grass. 

Common everywhere, 
var. hispidum, Gray. 

Common everywhere, 
depauperatum, Muhl. 

Common, 
dichotomum, L. 

Common everywhere, 
glabrum, Gaud. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush), 
latifolium, Muhl. 

Common from Boone Southeast, 
microcarpum, Muhl. 

Jackson, (Bush), Jefferson, (Tracy), Mississippi, (Gal- 
loway), 
var. sphserocarpon, Vasey. 

Jackson, (Bush), 
proliferum, Lam. 

Common. 
sanguinale, L. 

Common, 
scoparium, Lam. 

Mississippi, (Galloway), 
virgatum, L. 

Common along streams, 
viscidum, Ell. 

Jackson, (Bush). 
Setaria glauca, Beauv. 

Common. 
Italica, Kunth. 

Common in cultivation, occasionally escaped, 
verticillata, Beauv. Brown Foxtail 

Common, 
viridis, Beauv. Green Foxtail 

Common. 



Crab Grass. 



Switch Grass. 



Foxtail. 

Millet. 



CATALOGUE. 97 



1609. Cenchrus tribuloides, L. Sand-bur Grass. 

Common Northwest. 

1610. Spartina cynosuraides, Willd. Cord Grass. 

Common in damp soils. 

1611. Coix lachryma, L. Job's Tears. 

Cultivated and occasionally persistent. 

1612. Tripsacuin dactyloides, L. Gama Grass. 

Cass, (Broadhead), Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Gal- 
loway). 

1613. Zizania aquatica, L. Wild Rice. 

Common in swampy lands. 

1614. Leersia lenticularis, Michx. Fly-catch Grass. 

Boone and Mississippi, (Galloway). 

1615. oryzoides, Swz. False Rice. 

Common. 

1616. Virginica, Willd. Cut Grass. 

Common. 

1617. Erianthus saccharoides, Michx. 

Occasionally in swampy lands Southeast. 

1618. Andropogon dissitiflorus, Michx. Blue joint Grass. 

Common. 

1619. macrourus, Michx. 

Madison, (Broadhead). 

1620. provincialis, Lam. 

Common. 

1621. scoparius, Michx. 

Common. 

1622. Chrysopogon nutans, Benth. Wild Sorghum. 

Common. 

1623. Sorghum halepense, L. Guinea Grass, or Johnson Grass. 

Introduced and sparingly naturalized. 
1621. Phalaris aruudinacea, L. Reed Canary Grass. 

Common. 

1625. Canariensis, L. 

Occasional about dwellings. 

1626. Anthoxantkuru odoratum, L. Sweet Vernal Grass. 

Common in door-yards. 

1627. Alopecurus geniculatus, L. Water Fox tail. 

Common in cultivated ground. 

1628. var. aristulatus, Munro. 

Jackson (Bush). 



98 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1629. pratensis, L. Meadow Foxtail. 

Common from Boone Southwest. 

1630. Aristida gracilis, Ell. Poverty Grass. 

Common in rich soil. 

1631. oligantha, Michx. 

Common on thin soil. 

1632. purpurascens, Poir. 

Common along roadsides. 

1633. purpurea, Nutt. 

Common along roadsides. 

1634. ramosissima, Engelm. 

Greene, (Bush), Mississippi, (Galloway). 
1625. var. uniseta, Engelm. 

(Vasey in vi Grasses of U. S.") 

1636. Stipa avenacea, L. Black Oat-Grass. 

Livingston, (Galloway). 

1637. spartea, Trin. Porcupine Grass. 

Cass, (Bioadhead). 

1638. Oryzopsis melanocarpa, Muhl. Mountain Rice. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1639. Millium effusum, L. Millet Grass. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1640. Muhlenbergia capillaris, Kunth. Hair Grass. 

Common in Boone, (Galloway). 

1641. diffusa, Schreb. Nimble-Will. 

Common. 

1642. glomerata, Trin. 

Howell, (Tracy), Jackson, (Bush), Lafayette, (Gallo- 
way). 

1643. Mexicana, Trin. 

Common. 

1644. var. filiformis, Muhl. 

With the preceding. 

1645. sobolifera, Trin. 

Common. 

1646. sylvatica, T. & G. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1647. Willdenovii, Trin. 

Common Westward. 

1648. Brachyletrum aristatum, Beauv. 

Common. 



CATALOGUE. 



1649. Plileuin pratense. L. Timothy. 

Common in cultivation, and occasionally naturalized. 

1650. Sporobolus asper, Kunth. 

Jackson, (Bush), 

1651. cryptandrus, Gray. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush). 

1652. heterolepis, Gray. 

Common on prairies. 

1653. vaginaeflorus, Torr. 

Common southward. 

1654. Agrostis elata, Trin. Bent Grass. 

Boone, (Galloway), Schuyler, (Tracy). 

1655. perennans, Tuck. Twin Grass. 

Common. 

1656. scabra, Willd. Hair Grass. 

Common. 

1657. vulgaris, Michx. Red Top. 

Common on damp soil. 

1658. var. alba, Vasey. 

Common. 

1659. Cinna arundinacea, L. Wood Reed-Grass. 

Common. 

1660. Deyeuxia Canadensis, Beauv. Blue Stem. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Galloway). 

1661. confinis. Kunth. 

Jackson. (Bush), St. Louis, (Galloway). 

1662. Ammophila longifolia, Benth. 

Lafayette, (Galloway). 

1663. Desckampsia caespitosa, Beauv. 

St. Louis, (Galloway). 

1664. flexuosa, Trin. 

St, Louis, (Murtfeldt). 

1665. Holcus lanatus, L. 

St. Louis, (Galloway). 

1666. Danthonia spicata, Beauv. 

Common. 

1667. Cynodon dactylon, Pers. 

St. Louis, (Galloway). 

1668. Scliedonnardus Texanus, Steud. 

Mississippi, (Galloway). 

1669. Bouteloua hirsuta, Lag. 

Saline, (Galloway). 



100 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1670. racemosa, Lag. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush). 

1671. Eleusine Indica, Gaert. Yard Grass. 

Common. 

1672. Leptocliloa mucronata, Kunth. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1673. Triodia sesleroides, Torr. 

Common. • 

1674. Arunclo Danax. 

About old gardens. 

1675. Phragmites communis, Trin. Reed Grass. 

Common Southward in wet places. 

1676. Kceleria cristata, Pers. 

Common. 

1677. Eatonia obtusata, Gray. 

Common. 

1678. Pennsylvanica, Gray. 

Common. 

1679. Eragrostis capillaris, L. 

Common. 

1680. Frankii, Meyer. 

Common. 

1681. major^ Host. 

Common. 

1682. minor Host. 

Common. 

1683. pectinacea, Gray. 

Common. 
1681. var. spectabilis, Gray. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush). 

1685. pilosa, L. 

Common. 

1686. Purshii, Schrad. 

Common. 

1687. reptans, Nees. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1688. tenuis, Gray. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush). 

1689. Melica mutica, Walt. Mehc Grasp. 

Common Northward. 

1690. Diahrrhena Americana, Beau v. 

Boone and St. Francois, (Galloway). 



CATALOGUE. 101 



1691. Uniola latifolia, Michx. 

Common in rich woods. 

1692. Dactylis glomerata, L. Orchard Grass. 

Common in cultivation and occasionally naturalized. 

1693. Poa alsoedes, Gray. Meadow Grass. 

Boone, (Galloway), 

1694. annua, L, Low Spear Grass. 

Common everywhere in cultivated ground. 

1695. arachnifera. Torr. Texas Blue Grass. 

Introduced from Texas and apparently becoming 
naturalized. 

1696. brevifolia, MuhJ. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1697. compressa, L. Wire Grass. 

Common. 

1698. debilis, Torr. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1699. flexuosa, Muhl. 

Common. 

1700. nemoralis, L. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1701. pratensis, L. Blue Grass. 

Common everywhere. 

1703. serotina, Ehrh. Fowl Meadow Grass. 

Common. 

1704. sylvestris, Gray. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush). 

1705. trivialis, L. Rough Meadow Grass- 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Galloway). 

1706. Glyceria arundinacea, Kunth. Reed Meadow Grass. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1707. Canadensis, Trin. 

Boone, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush). 

1708. fluitans, R. Br. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1709. nervata, Trin. 

Common. 

1710. Festuca duriuscula, L. Fescue. 

Boone, ( Galloway )„ Jackson, (Bush). 

1711. elatior, L. Meadow Fescue. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1712. nutans, Willd. 

Common. 



102 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1713. ovina, L. Sheep's Fescue. 

Boone and St. Louis, (Galloway), Jackson, (Bush). 
17U. Shortii, Kunth. 

(Dr. Vasey in u Grasses of U. S.") 

1715. tenella, Willd. 

Boone, (Galloway), St. Francois, (Tracy). 

1716. Bromus ciliatus, L. 

Common. 

1717. var. purgan.5, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1718. Kaimii, Gray. Wild Chess. 

Boone, (Galloway)'. 

1719. racemosus, L. Upright Chess. 

Common. 

1720. secalimis, L. Cheat or Chess. 

Common everywhere. 

1721. sterilise L. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1722. Loliuixi per e?i?ie, L. Rye- Grass. 

Naturalized. 

1723. var. Italicum, Vasey. Italian Rye-Grass. 

Sparingly naturalized. 

1724. Agropyrum caninum, R. & S. 

Boone, (Galloway). 

1725. repens, Beauv. Couch-Grass. 

Found occasionally where it has been introduced. 

1726. Hordeum jubatum, Huds. Squirrel- tail Grass. 

Occasional Westward. 

1727. pulsillum, Nutt. 

Occasional about old gardens. 

1728. Elymus Canadensis, L. Wild Rye. 

Common. 

1729. var. glucifolius, Gray. 

Common along river banks. 

1730. Sitanion, Schultz. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1731. striatus. Small Wild Rye. 

Common. 

1732. var. villosus, Gray. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Francois, (Tracy). 

1733. Yirginicus, L. Wild Rye. 

Common. 



CATALOGTE. 103 



1734. Asprella hystrix, Willd. Hedgehog Grass. 

Common. 

1735. Arundinaria tecta, Muhl. Cane. 

Common in extreme Southeast. 

EQUISETACE^E. 

Horsetail Family. 

1736. Equisetum arvense, L. Horsetail. 

Common. % 

1737. sylvaticum, L. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1738. robustum, Braun, 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1739. var. affine, Engelm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1740. hyemale, L. 

Common. 

OPHIOGLOSSACE^E. 

1741. Ophioglossum vulgitum, L. 

Iron, Jefferson & St. Louis, (Letterman), Jackson, 
(Bush). 

1742. Botrychium ternatum, Swz. 

Vernon, (Broadhead). 

1743. var. lunarioides, Milde. 

Common. 

1744. Virginianum, Swz. 

Butler & St. Louis, (Letterman), Jackson, (Bush). 

1745. matricariaefolium, Braun. 

Iron, (Broadhead). 

FILICES. 
Fern Family. 

1746. Polypodium incanum, Swz. 

Mississippi, (Galloway), St. Louis, (Letterman). 
a. r— 32 



104 FLORA OF MISSOURI. 



1747. vulgare, L. 

Boone, (Tracy), Mississippi, (Swallow), St. Louis, (Let- 
terman). 

1748. Notholseana dealbata, Kunzr. 

Boone, (Tracy ), Jackson, (Bush). 

1749. Adiantum capillus-veneris, L. 

Christian, Greene and Stone, (Shepard), Madison, 
(Broadhead). 

1750. pedatum, L. 

Common. 
17^1. Pteris aquiline, L. 

Common Southward. 

1752. Ckeilanthes lanuginosa, Nutt. 

Common. 

1753. tomentosa, Link. 

Cole, (Wheeler's Report.). 

1754. vestita, Swz. 

Common Southward.. 

1755. Pellea atropurpurea, Link. 

Common. 

1756. gracilis, Hook. 

Boone, (Galloway), Newton, (Broadhead). 

1757. Woodwardia Virginica, Smith. 

Common. 

1758. Aspleniuiii angustifolium, Michx. 

Common. 

1759. ebeneum, Ait. 

Common. 

1760. ebenoides, Scott. 

Franklin, Iron, Jefferson and St. Louis, (Letterman) 

1761. Filixfoemina, Bernh. 

Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1762. parvulum, M. & G. 

Christian. (Shepard), Greene and Jackson, (Bush). 

1763. pinnatifidum, Nutt. 

Greene, (Shepard). 

1764. thelypteroides, Mich. 

Common. 

1765. trichomanes, L. 

Miller, (Winick), St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1766. Camptosorus rhizophyllue, Link. 

Common everywhere. 



CATALOGUE. 105 



1767. Pliegopteris hexagonoptera, Fee. 

Common from B^one Eastward. 

1768. Aspidiuin acrostichoides, Swz. 

Common. 

1769. Lonchitis, Swz. 

Madison, (Broadhead), Miller, (Winick). 

1770. marginale, Swz. 

St. Louis, near Allenton, (Letterman). 

1771. spinulosum, Swz. 

Butler and St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1772. Thelypteris, Swz. 

Butler and St. Louis, (Letterman). 

1773. Cystopteris bulbifera, Bernh. 

Common. 

1774. fragilis, Bernh. 

Common. 

1775. Onoclea sensibilis, L. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Letterman), Scotland, 
(Broadhead). 

1776. Woodsia obtusa, Torr. 

Jackson, (Bush), St. Louis, (Geyer). 

1777. Dicksonia pilosiuscula, Willd. 

Scotland, (Broadhead). 

1778. Osmmida cinnamonea, L. 

Franklin, (Letterman). 

1779. Claytoniana, L. 

Pike, (Pech). 

1780. regalis, L. 

Butler and S*. Louis, (Letterman). 



SALVINIACE^E. 

1781. Azolla Caroliniana, Willd. 

Howell, (Swallow), Jaqkson, (Bush). 

LYCOPODIACE^E. 

Club- Moss Eamily. 

1782. Lycopodiuin dendroideura, Michx. 

Madison, (Broadhead). 



106 FLOKA OF MISSOURI. 



SELAGINELLACEiE. 

1783. Selaginella rupestris, Spring. 

Adair, (Broadhead), Jefferson and St. Louis, (Lettermau). 

ISOETACEiE. 

1784. I'soetes echinospora, Durien, var. Braunii, Engelm. 

Jackson, (Bush). 

1785. Engelmanni, Braun. 

"Missouri," (Gray's Manual, 5th Ed.)