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Full text of "Catalogue of plants growing without cultivation in the state of New Jersey, with a specific description of all the species of violet found therein. Directions for collecting ... To which is added a directory of living botanists of North America and the West Indies"

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Plants Growing Without Cultivation 

IN lllh 











Instructor oj Natural Science in the Alexander I 


J. \V. Schermerhorn & I 

N«i. 14] 


Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1874, by 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 

Lak« , T.ITTI.E A Co., 

108 TO 114 Woostkr Stuikt, N. Y. 



M.-r. - 
Bur. - 
Hun. - 
G. - 

Monmouth County. 
Mercer County. 
Middlesex County. 
Burlington County. 
Ocean County. 
Warren County. 
Morris County. 
Hunterdon County. 
Hudson County. 
Gloucester County. 



TnE following Catalogue was undertaken because I believed that a 
record of the names, and a description of the localities <>f the plants 
growing without cultivation in the State of New Jersey, would be a use- 
ful book to students of Botany, as well as to Botanists and collectors of 
Plants all over the country. 

Haying collected largely, and examined with great care, the Flora of 
□ to prepare materials for a catalogue, and communicated 
my design to the late Dr. Torrey, who encouraged me to go forward, giv- 
ing me a list of plants which he knew to be indigenous, and furnishing 
me with other important information. 

The late Dr. P. D. Knieskern made a careful examination of the eastern 
parts of the counties of Monmouth, Ocean, and Burlington ; and furnished 
me with many of the interesting plants found in the pine regions. He 
made a specialty of the Cyperacea? and Graminese, and many of the mem- 
bers of these orders are introduced on his authority. 

I am also indebted to Prof. Geo. H. Cook, Vice President of Rutgers 
College, Win. M. Canby, of Wilmington, Delaware, and Prof. Porter, of 
Lafayette College. 

Prof. Samuel Lockwood, of Freehold, furnished me with plants grow 
ing on tie : New York Bay in the vicinity of Key-port. 

I am under Bpeda] obligations to Rev. Dr. Knighton, of the Brainerd 
Institute, for much information regarding the Flora of the Nbrthwi 
:' the Stat*-, and for other valuable assistance. 

The f ran- and curious plants have been can-fully noted, and. 

for th< L Bol and collectors, general 

'-/// i roods — 


The Botanical Directory is a part of the one published by the Torrey 
Botanical Club, and includes the address of most of the living Botanists 
in Nmth America and the West Indies. 

In order to make the work more valuable to the collector, and especially 
to the beginner, I have introduced an article on the collecting, pressing, 
and preserving of Botanical specimens, with a description of suitable ap- 
paratus, and suggestions to teachers pursuing the study of Botany. 

This Catalogue will fall into the hands of men who can form a just 
estimate of the difficulties and labor incident to the preparation of a work 
like this ; consequently, I expect it to be judged with lenity and criticised 
with charity. 

I shall be very thankful to have defects and omissions pointed out, 
that in a possible future edition the Catalogue may be perfected. 

White Plains, 
April, 1874. 


The State of New Jersey extends nearly two hundred miles from north 
to south, possessing a very varied surface, and a no less diversified geo- 
logical formation. The land rises in the north and west, in mountain 
- of three thousand feet, grading towards the south and east to low 
plains just a few feet above the sea level, and is the beginning of the 
territory along the eastern side of the Appalachian system, known as the 
Atlantic slope ; where it first assumes the marked characteristic of low 
plains on the coast, succeeded inland by a hilly country, which grades 
upwards into mountains. 

This difference of elevation from the south towards the north gives a 

wide range of temperature, so that while in the northern boundaries of 

State plants are found common to New England, the southern and 

regions yield the vegetation of Eastern Virginia. 

The who!. border is washed by the Delaware River, fed by 

tributaries from Pennsylvania and New York, bringing to its banks the 

territory north and west of it. 

I-- eastern shores are washed by the Hudson River and the Atlantic 

•f many lands to tin* alluvial plains which skirt 

teni boundaries. Its varied <oil is another remarkable feature of 

in the north a< 1 by iron and peal : marl, 

alluvial, arenaceous, and clay deposits, with red shale- and heavy loam, 

th iron, in the middle ; while in the south and east loose 

• and iphagnons bog ••• with 

:" loam, in which clay mOS 


The wonderful variety of soil, the differences ©f elevation, and the wide 
range of temperature, combine to give rise to one of the most varied and 
remarkable Floras of the Western Continent. 

The cedar swamps with which the pine regions are besprinkled, are 
the homes of some of the most beautiful and remarkable individuals of 
the flora of the temperate zones. There the Pogonia, the Hahenaria, the 
Orchis, the Arethusa, the Calopogon, and the Sarracenia flourish ; while 
the forests of the north and the middle, are adorned with the Lirioden- 
dron, the Magnolia, the Ilex, the Kalmia and the Rhododendron. 



It is a matter of very great importance to the Botanist to pos- 
good Herbarium. Nearly every student in Botany makes an attempt to 
form <»ne, but it is frequently done in so slovenly a manner that the col- 
:. is worth] 

Apparatus for Drying Plants. 

quantity of old newspapers, or what is still Letter, coarse white 
wrapping-paper, 41 he procured and cut into pieces sixteen inches Long and 

eleven and a half inches wide ; then place them together in piles of eighl 

in thickness, and stitch the corners, BO as to keep them in their places. 

Having prepared seventy. live or a hundred such pads, which I shall call 

BS of pine hoards of the same size as your driers, then 

provide yourself with a hundred or more .-beets of newspaper f folded 

I tO allow a plant to be placed between the folds. Let these 

- !>e cut to correspond with your driers. You will then be supplied 

with the simplest apparatus for drying plants. 

To the Collector. 

Provide yourself with a tin box seventeen inches long, and a florist's 

trowel butcher's knife will do very well). In collecting plants, 

if they are small and herbaceous, procure the whole plant, including the 

Handle it carefully, and if the root is dirty wash it by -hakim: it 

. in water, terwards flirt as much of the water oil" a- yon 

can without injuring the plant, then place it carefully in your h 

• ten or a dozen g 1 specimens of the same plant. The 

IS Clear weather; and plants are in a : 

wlen they are in full flower. S 

* Thepubl 



plants may be procured, having both flowers and fruit at the same time. 
If possible, they Bhould be procured in that state. If this cannot be 
done, specimens with (lowers should be procured, and afterwards, those 
with fruit. On some plants the flowers appear before the leaves, as is 
the case with many trees, in such cases the leaf must be procured after- 
wards but should be taken from the same plant. 


After haying collected some specimens, lay one of your boards on the 
floor or on a table, and place three driers upon it ; then upon the top of 
the driers lay a sheet of paper which you have prepared for the purpose, 
and open it, letting one half of the sheet lie over upon the table ; then 
lay a plant upon that which rests upon the driers, and after having ar- 
ranged the leaves, flowers, root, and fruit, if it has any, so as to present 
a natural appearance, turn the half sheet over it, and lay upon it three 
more driers, and so oil, till you have arranged as many as you wish ; then 
lay the other board upon the top of the whole, and place upon the board 
a weight. A large stone may be used for this purpose, or several may be 
used. Some plants need heavier weights than others. The weight should 
be just sufficient to keep the leaves extended smoothly ; if too much 
is used, it crushes the parts and causes them to turn black. Some plants 
will turn black in defiance of the most careful management. Most her- 
baceous plants change their color to some extent, yet, with care, they will 
retain much of their natural appearance. 

Having left the plants in press for ten or twelve hours, the top board 

should be taken off and laid upon the table beside the pile, three 

fresh driers laid upon it, and the damp ones should then be removed 

from the top of the uppermost plant, and the plant be laid carefully 

upon the top of the three fresh driers without removing it from between 

the folds of the paper in which it was placed ; then three fresh driers 

laid upon the top of the plant, and so on till all have been removed, when 

the board that was at the bottom may be laid upon the top, and the 

weight replaced ; the damp driers should then be placed on a line to dry. 

This process of changing should be carried on till the plants are in the 

condition of well-cured hay. They may then be removed from the press 

and placed between the folds of dry paper, cut to the size of the driers. 

When a plant is put into the press, a bit of paper should be laid in with 

it, on which Bhould be written the generic and specific names of the 

plant ; also the name of the place where it was collected, and the date; 

and if anything uncommon is noticed about it, this should be mentioned, 

as follows • 


lanceolata ; 

Freehold, Monmouth Co., N. J , 

.May 10th, 1851;. 
( i rowing in a peat bog. 

Flowers unusually large. 



1. 'I'lu- press already described, consisting of two pieces of boards <»f the 
si/..- of the driers, with a stone or any convenient heavy body for a weight, 
is the mosl simple. 

2, A press With a screw tO apply force is in common use, and has its 

advantages on accounl of its completeness. 

;:. Two pieces of binder's boards, with muslin glned <>n them and the 

whole varnished with shellac varnish, and fastened together with straps, 
are sometimes hs.i1, and are convenient, becanse they are Ugh1 and may 

be carried into the field. 

4. Messrs. Barnes A Co., of New York City, keep for sale a complete 
apparatus for collecting and drying. Their press has sides of wire gauze, 
which possesses the advantage of allowing drying to go on more freely 
than any other press. Prof. Wood is the inventor of this press. 

Size of Plants. 

Wh.n a plant is too large to lay upon the paper, it may be bent, but in 
•• should it be cut. Of large plants, such as shrubs and trees, a 
branch may be obtained containing good specimens of leaves, Mowers, and 
if possible. In collecting herbaceous plants, those of medium size 
should be obtained. The author has been in the habit of collecting, so 
far as practicable, all the forms of a plant, from the overgrown speci- 
men to the dwarf. 

Presbhvtng Plants. 

Having dried and labeled a number of plants, white paper of a fair 

Substance may be obtained and cut to the size of the driers ; then the 

mens may be fastened to the sheets in any of the following ways. 

They may be stitched on with cotton thread, or a little glue may be 

touched to the leaves, and parts of the stem, and thus fastened to the 

paper. A very neat way of doing it is to dissolve (ium Arabic to the con- 

v of cream, and put into a gill of the solution a lump of rock-candy 

_•• as a hickory-nut. When the whole is perfectly dissolved, spread 

it with a camel's-hair brush over common writing paper {ha/ring firM laid 

the pnper tmooUdff OH and allow it to dry. Continue to put on 

coat after coat, until it presents a Bmooth, glossy surface ; when dry, it is 

fit for r having placed the plant as it is to lie on the paper, cut 

into narrow strips the gammed paper, and after wetting it in your mouth, 

lay it across the stem and parts that yon wish t<> secure to the paper. 

The label may be written upon this gammed paper, and laid over some part 

of the stem, and will aid in holding the plant to the paper ; in tl. 

two b] ihoold be preserved so as to show both sides of the leaf. 

To preserve specimens from the depredations of satu- 

I ' solution Of . in fourth proof alcohol, then add an 

equal bulk of water, and with this solution wet the parts of the plants 


Case for Genus Covers. 

After having thus attached the plants to white paper, all the Species of 
the same Genoa should be placed together in the fold of a strong sheet of 
brown papei and the name of the Genus written or printed on the corner, 
and these should be arranged in the order of the Flora, and laid in a case 
constructed for the purpose with pigeon holes eighteen inches deep and 
thirteen inches wide. A very cheap case can be made for a small collec- 
tion, by taking packing-boxes, used for packing sale boots, and placing 
Shelves in them. These boxes are made about a foot wide, and maybe 
had for a few cents at almost any country or village store. 


BOTANY furnishes the most interesting, convenient, and diversified 
field for the study of nature. 

The teachers «>f the schools in our rural districts are especially favored 
in being surrounded by the objects for the practice of this pursuit. 

ry teacher should have some favorite study to occupy his leisure 
hours, and none can be more interesting and inviting for a resident in the 
country than Botany. 

The pursuit of any department of science will soon impress upon the 
learner the great importance of thorough investigation and minute ac- 

The ' jcciaUy, is benefited by the training it affords, he will 

not only come to see the necessity for accuracy in his investigations, but 
he will imperceptibly fall into the habit of minute and clear description 
In imparting instruction. It will necessarily teach him to require verbal 
accuracy in recitations, the great secret of all successful instructors. He 
will be introduced, also, to other departments of knowledge as accessories. 
Let him so far pursue the study of Botany as to become interested in it, 
and he will become a frequent and delighted visitor within the portals of 
other useful branches of science. 

Directions for Securing Assistance. 

As I am addressing teachers allow me to put these suggestions in the 
form of a familiar talk with an individual. 

Baring prori .f with suitable books* and apparatus, 

from:' : living Botanists the name of a person with whom 

* A- PlotM ■!" and "Wood's Botanist and Florist." are the best. 

Gray'* I By studied. The Key to the 

Field,! mple. To Insure Intelligent pi 

careful structure. I lctural 

•'Lind! _ u good book 


to correspond ; collect, dry, and prepare, as already directed, a number of 
specimens and attach labels to tliem, numbered 1, 2, 3, etc., and send 
them in a secure package (a light wooden box of the size of your driers 
is the best) to your correspondent, who will return you the generic and 
specific names of numbers 1, 2, 3, etc., which you can write on your own 
labels of the corresponding numbers. 

N. B. — Having named your plants, take your Flora and study the char- 
acters of the Order, Genus, and Species of each plant, and you will soon 
be independent of all assistance except such as you will be able to get 
from your books. 





Bailey. Prof. L. W.. Fredericton, N. B. 


N v We&tminater, British 


' J. W., ELD., McGill 
Drnmmond, a. i'.. Montreal. Canada. 
I River, N. B. 

ria, British Columbia. 
.. Haliiax, N. S. 

I Lindsay, A. W. H.. Halifax, N. S. 
:>•. A. H., Picton, >". s. 

•►. Prof. John, Belleville, Ontario, 

Matthew, Geo. F., Custom House, St. John, 

N. B. 

1, D. B., Montreal, Canada. 
Boy, Mrs. William, Owen Sound, Ontario, 

Saunders, Wm., Dundas Btreet, London, 

Btnrton, Samuel, Quebec, Canada. 
Watt, David A. P., Montreal, Canada. 



Harvev. Wm.. Mobile. 
: bile. 


Havana P. O. 
sent in Eur opt. 



Amos. Mrs. Mary E. P., Taylorsville (Indian 



ra Co. 


I 1Z. 


Brandegee, Townshend 8., CaDon City. 

Boyd, David, Greeley. 

E. L., Pueblo (or Greeley?). 


1. Prof. Thomas. M.D., Washington. 
Austin. E. P.. Wash:: 

Billings, Dr. iiny, Washington. 

Chickering, Prof. j. w.. v. 
Clark. Prof. Frank W., Howard University. 

r, J. ML, Washington. 
Hayden, It if. E. V., Washington. ' 

., Washing- 

Behott, i»r. Arthur. (Georgetown. 

. W. EL, D ~?ton. 

Smith. \V. i; 


>., Dep. of Agric, Washington. 

■ Wm. II.. N 



Denalow, Herbert, New Canaan. 
Eaton. Prof. Daniel C, New Haven 
Edwards, Miss Sara, Hew Haven. 
Elmore, Samuel B., Hartford. 

Hall. Franklm W., New Haven. 
Holllater, G. B., Litchfield. 

Marshall. M. A., New Haven. 
Kirhards, James, Litchfield. 
Rounds, C. C, Farmington. 
Wilcoxson, Dr. L. D., Box 386 P. 

Wright, Charles, Wethersfield. 

Dr. W. Matthews? 

>., New 


Canby, Wm. M., 1101 Delaware Ave., Wil- 

mington. rt 

Commons. A., Centreville. New Castle Co. 
Fendler, Augustus, Seaford. 
Febiger, Christian. Wilmington. 
Tatuall, Edward, Wilmington. 


Chapman, Dr. A. W., Apalachicola. 
Keeler, H. D., Jacksonville. 
Reynolds, Miss Mary C.^St. Augustine. 
Saurman, Dr. B. F., Apalachicola. 


Berckmans, P. J., Augusta. 
Neissler, Hugh M., Butler, Taylor Co. 


At water, Mrs. E. E., Chicago. 

Bean, Thos. E., Galena. __,-_„ 

Bebb, M. S.. Fountaindale, Winnebago Go. 

Brendel, Dr. Frederick, Peoria. 

Burrill, Prof. T. J., Urbana. 

Doggett, Mrs. Wm. E., Chicago. 

Everett. Dr. 0.. Dixon, Lee Co. 

Forbes, S. A., Normal. 

French, Prof. G. H., 111. Agnc. Col 


Hale, Dr. E. M., Chicago. 
Hall. Klilm. Athens, Menard Co. 
Hartley, Fielden, Alton. 
Hill. Prof. B. J., Kankakee 
Holmes, Miss Mary E., Rcu-kford. 
Hubbard, Mis. Sarah A., office of Evening 

PMt, M Dearborn street, Chicago. 
Hurd. Prof. A.. Galesburg. 
Johnson. Dr. H. A., Chi< 
Jordan, Mis. Mary I... Decatur 
Kemp, Prof, a. G., Galesburg. 
Livingston, Prof. Wm., Galesburg. 

ta, Bancocl ( o. 
Million. M,- J E Box 468, Jacksonville. 
Morgan, B. T., Wheaton. 

H **■**«, street 

Chi' ' 
PottSI Pi ringfleld. 

Wm. H.. Chicago. 

Rauch, Dr. J. H., Chicago. 

Bchan, Dr. Felix, Chicago. 

Sewell, Dr. J. A., Normal. 

Shepley, Henry, Canton, Fulton Co. 

Standish, Mrs. J. V., Galesburg. 

Steward, Dr. J. T., Peoria. 

Warne, H. A. 

Wellman, 0. P., Maquon. 

Williams, John. Fountaindale. 

Wolf, John, Canton, Fulton Co. 

Wood, Charles, Augusta, Hancock Co. 


Carrier, Rev. Joseph C, Notre Dame P. O. 
McKiernan, Geo. S., New Albany. 
Moore, Prof. Joseph, Richmond. 
Redding, Thos. B., Newcastle. 
Ridgway, Robert. 
Young, A. H., Hanover. 


Arthur, J. C, Charles City. 

Babcock, H. H.. removed from Chicago. 

Bessey, C. E., Prof. Iowa Agri. Col., Ames. 

Calvin, Prof. Samuel, Iowa City. 

Covel, Mrs. Harriet. Dubuque. 

Dickinson. Mrs. W. P., Dubuque. 

Harbour, G. P., Oskaloosa. 

Horr, Dr. Asa, Dubuque. 

Lawton, Miss Emily, Dubuque, 

Parry, Dr. C. C, Davenport. 

Parvin, Prof. T. L., Iowa City. 

Sheldon, Prof. D. S., Davenport. 



Carruth, Prof. J. H., Lawrence. 
Hall, Prof. E. 

Merrill, Prof. Geo. C, Topeka. 
Mudge, Prof. B. E.. Manhattan. 
Papineau, Edwin A., Topeka. 
Snow, Prof. Frank H., Lawrence. 
Wilson, James, Leavenworth. 


Beatty, Dr. Ormond, Centre College, Dan- 

Belknap,' W. R., U2 Walnut street, Louis- 

Cros V ier?'Dr. E. S., Custom House, Louis- 

Darbv Dr. John, Kentucky University. 
Davison Miss Emily, 300 Walnut street, 

Louisville. . _ 

Donhaff, A. V., 27 Jefferson street, Louis- 

FaleV Prof. J. C, Centre College, Danville. 
Gwatiimey, R. C 104 Greene street, Louis- 

Knott. W. T., Lebanon. 
McElrov, Miss Rose, Lebanon. 
,., ., - prof. Bobert, Lexington. 
Pope ('has. H.. 881 Mh street, Louisville. 

BicnardSOn, W. Allan. Louisville. 
Whittlngton, Miss Mary. Harrodsburg. 
Williamson. John, 68 Market street, Louis- 


Joor, Dr. J. F., Baton Rouge. 



M \ I S 

Femn' BO. 

Full, r . I'-Tt- 



- irvcy. 
Ynial. Bar. C. «... Kennebunk. 


. anstown. 
•. Dr.. Bait; 
HifTelman, M. I... Hagi rat >wn. 

R . Mount Savage, Alle- 

. John P., Proetbnrg. 

EH [nigo'a, St. 




san E-t>Shelburne. 

• -i. Natick. 
II'. w.stboroagh. 


• i H.. w. -t Gloucester. 
Burbank. Pr : 
Burr. 1 .-ham. 


Am. Karl. 
Chadi Paul A., Williamstown. 

Clark. M. W 

Clark. H. B.. Fitchburg. 
Clark Amherst, 

lira. H. a.. < . 1 • • - 1 ■ • • -• 
-. John, Wobura. 

: ; ston. 
•• E., 8 Province 'street. 

it Som rville. 
itb Natick. 

■ ■ 


■ ra. 

< hamberg | 

■ tt. 
Borner, Hi - 1 I.N I -wn. 

1 1 \ 

: »rd. 
Co n cord, 
[ngraham, Bobert, Hew Bedford. 

• p., i iambrl 

• 'ii. 
Jeanp, Bei n I > . Lmbi 

Knap; ■ !, Boston. 

kfiaa M. I... Wor o e a ter. 
Lnak, K'-v. lira., € 
M:i~ W ay. 

. Waltham. 
Orne, John Cambridge. 


trd, Peabody Museum, 
Parker, Prof. Wm. A., Amherst 
Pecka Bar. David, Sunderland. 
Phippen, Geo. D., Balem. 
Piper. Mrs. s. M.. Tolland. 
Pratt. Ifinot, Concord. 

Putnam. F. W., Naturalist's Agency, 

I . S., Jr., Glen Ridge, Dedham. 
Bobbina, Dr. J. W., Uxbridge. 
Bobinaon, John, Salem. 

Waldo, Jamaica Plain. 

- •■ 

I .• v. Mrs. S. T., East Hampton. 
Sherman. J.. Medford. 
Shattmk. Miss Lydia W., South Hadley. 
Smith. Sarah E.. Waltham. 
Bpragne, C. J., Boston. 

. Isaac OrantriUe. 
Tenney, Prof. Sanborn. Williamstown. 
Thurston, Louise M., Lexington. 

■' Lynn. 
Tnckerman, Prof. Ed., Amherst. 
Walker. C. A.. J90 Broadwav, Chelsea, Box 
86, P. O. 

!. Sereuo, Bot. Garden, Cambridge. 
Whitman. A. G 
WLorf. Edward H., Boston. 
WiUey, H. . New Bedford. 

. Bogh, Balem. 
Wright. B. M., Wiiliston Seminary, East 

michi'. or. 


Beat, Prof. Wm. J., AgTio. Co]., Lansing. 

r. Dr. J. M 
Clark. Dr. Daniel. Flint. 
Clark. Miss Mary H.. P. 0. Bos 109, Ann 


Eaman. Mi-- Ma: 



:• 'it. 


Tilth ii 

let >n, Ionia 




Cornish, Paul. 

Roberts, I 11 . R i b< si. c. 
Winohell, Prof. N. II., st. Anthony's. 


Little, Dr. Geo., Oxford. 


Broaflhead. o. 0., Pleasant Hill. 

Dean, Dr. D. \ '.. st, Louis. 

Engelmann, I >r. • <• o., 8t. Louis. 

Fritcluy. .j. < > L., 31 Louis. 

Morse, I ir. i. D., Kirkwood. 

Muir, William, Fox Creek P. O., St. Louis 

Martfeldt, Maty ]:.. Kirkwood. 
Riley, it if. 0. v\, State Entomologist, Room 
1 1, o irner of 5th and Olivi 
St. Louis. 
Shaw, Henry, St. Louis. 
Swallow, Prof. G. C, Columbia, Booue Co. 


Aughey, Prof. Samuel, Lincoln. 
Grant, J. M., Crowellton, Buffalo Co. 


Barrows. Dr. Nathan, Meriden. 
Blanpied, B. T., Hanover. 
Flint. Wm. F.. Richmond. 
Gilbert, .Airs. E. J. 0., Keene. 

i. c. H., Hanover. 
Hitchcock. Miss Mary. Hanover. 
Dpham, Warren, Nashua. 

E. Francestown. 
Wilkins, Daniel, Littleton. 
Woolson, M., Concord. 


Prof. A. ('.. Trenton. 
Austin, c. v.. Closter. 
Blanchard. Edward It., Bergen. (413 Broad- 
way. N. Y.i 
i \.. Camden. 

tin, Frederic, Camden. 

■ ;. E. i» . Haddenfleld. 
M . Bloomfleld. 
r. \ V. -Ml Broad st.. Newark. 
Endc. Dr. Charles, corner of 7th and \ 

Fuller. .ood. 

i agelwood. 

. Cranberry , Ah r- 

Rev. Samue^ Freehold, Mon- 

ni 'in b < !o, 

l ' . National 
Cam i'ii. 
Parker, i mden. 

i r i;- \ . Wm . \ Lueland. 

Scarborough George, Vineland. 

■ id. 

Trippe, I . Mart m. i ir.i 


Allen, Dr. T. i'.. 3 E. 83d street, N. Y. 
Andrews, Dr, T. L., Niagara Falls. 

Armsby, Dr. J. 11.. Albany. 

Avi rill. Horace, 1">1 Washington street, 

Bagg. Dr. Si. M.. [Ttica. 
Daily. It. Cady, Chatham, Columbia Co. 
BarBtow, Dr. J. W., Sanford Hall, Flushing, 

Que< Q 
Bates, Dr. Joseph, New Lebanon Spa, Co- 

lumbia Co. 
Beauchamp, Miss M. E., Skaneateles. 
Beauchamp, Rev. M. W.. Kings IJerry, Cay- 
uga Co. 
Both, Dr. Carl, B iston, Mass. 
B lurquin, Mr. — , Newburg, Orange Co. 
Bowen, Mrs. W. <'.. Skaneateles. 
Bower, Wm., X. Y. 

Bradley, Dr. S. B., West Greece, Monroe 

Brainerd, Geo. B., 23 Lafayette avenue, 

Brevoort, J. Carson, Brooklyn. 
Browne. Robert H.. Lyceum Nat. Hist., 64 

Madison avettpe, N. Y. 
Buchanan, L, '.) W. 17th street, N. Y. 
Bumstead, l »r. F. •).. 32 W. 26th street, N.Y. 
98, Edward S., Panama, Chatauqua 

Cassebeer, H. A., 9th street and 4th avenue, 

N. Y. 
Clinton, Judge G. W r .. Buffalo. 

ts Co. 
Comstock, Frederic H., 210 E. 23d street, 

New York. 
Cook. Miss Mary, Bridge Hampton, Suffolk 

Coventry. Dr. J., Newark. Wayne Co. 
cowl, b, s. N., Otisco, Onondaga Co. 
Crittenden. Claude, Atheiueum Library, 


Crooke, J. J., 163 Mulberry street, N. Y. 
Davidson, W. J . Box I'M P. o .. Brooklyn. 

Davis, -I. Frank. River H< ad, Suffolk Co. 
Day, David F., Buflalo. 
Day, Dr. W. 34th street. N. Y. 

D( m.'] i !■ I E. 92 1 Btn et, N. Y. 

Dowd. Miss S. E., 3 s. Union street, Roch- 

Dudley, w. R., Cornell University, Ithaca. 
Englehardt, I rof. Francis !■".., S\ i . 

Errington, Miss c.. Townsend avenue, Clif- 
ton. Richmond 
Fazel, J., 246 Broadway, N. Y. 

!•. W. L., Florist, Wth avenue and 

128th sire. t. N. V. 
Fish. Qeo. T., 35 Area le. R 
Fisher. Dr. G. J., Sing Sing. 

I, Prof. c. II.. College of Pharmacy, 
ersity building. N. 
Frost, Prof. S. T., \inenia. Dutchess Co. 
Fuller, Joseph, Rochester. 
Gay, Dr. c c. i\. Buffalo. 

Gerard, w. i;.. Pouj 
Gilbert, Benj. D., Utica. 
Gindra, Mr. , Poughkeepsie. 

Gould, John s. llii 

Dr. C, Homer. 

i t 1 1. i: . :>■_> Clinton place, N. Y. 
Hall, I. II . 36 Pine Btrei t. N. v. 
Hallock, Trot. L. W.. Bridge Hampton, Suf- 
foll l 

i. . Newark, Waj i 



|] I Diver., 11 

A II. 

••; ■ ■ . ■ 

t. ■;■ I 

: I',.. 

t v ill.'. Lewis 

t, N. Y. 

Hume, Prof Gill) Cumberland 

Hunt, Edwin, Ctica. 

Lvillfl r. 0., 
Hvatt. J. B., 

. Dr. Mary Putuam, 110 W. 34th st., 
N. Y. 

" i A 

Kellerrnan, w. .v.. I 

. \. Y. 

H.. 224 E. 10th sin ■ t. \ Y. 
. P. V., Cm 

( lolL, 49th Btreet, 
X V. 
Lord, H. B.. I: 
Martin. Prof. D. >.. 236 W.4th Btreet, N. Y. 

.15. F., 10 N. Y. 

. John A.. Binghaml 

N. Y. 
Mill. r. I - Biver, (Suffolk Co. 

Milling! in. Mrs. L . Wax- 


- ing. 
stitute, N. Y. 

I J r if. Henry B M B i. Ins., 

Tr y. 

rry, Dr. J. 8., C il. Coll., 43th - 

isar College, 1 

■ ' 

merhorn st., 
- Th'»ruas J., 115 W. 16th 

I any. 
Dr. «'. H. F.. Cli 

1 Wall 
N. Y. 
PoUar.l. F. A.. U an.l 16, City B 



Smith. I'r if. H 1 

Stevens, Dr. - >any. 

stilhr, 11. Chai M . M wall Btr I 
Button, ii. r... N wars \ 

. Mrs. Job 

Thomas. ,i->ini j., Union Bprl 

Thurb . 246 Br « 

Nan Brum .... Poughkeepsie. 

Nan '. :. .. A. P., P0Ughk( 

Dutchess Co. 
Wall, .). 1... ■<■ s 6th avenue, N. Y. 
Ward, Jam< - W., i W. 17th Btre t, N. v. 
Ward, i>r. K. H.. 53 Fourth Btreet, Troy. 
Ward, K \. w. 11 . Boi v. 

Wibbe, Rev. Father Herman, Sandlaki 

Wilber, G. If., 140 W 20th Btr< t. \\ Y. 
Willey, Mr. . Principal ol 

Wiihs. Prof. O. B., White Plains. Westches- 
t t 

- !).. Glenn's Falls, Warr 
Wilson, M • M. i... Buffalo. 
Winchell, Dr. Alexander, Chanc. Byri 


Wood, Prof. Alphonso, Weal Farms. 

i '., 246 Bros Iway, N. Y. 
Wright, Dr. Bamuel II.. PennYan, Yates 

Xoumans, Id I L 

Yoiunans. -J E. 16th Btreet, N. Y. 

Young, Henri W.. Aquebogue P. o., Suffolk 


Kerr. Prof. W. C. State Geologist, Raleigh. 


. Dr. II. C. Painesville. 
Buchanan, Robert, Cincinnati. 
Carter. Dr. Francis. Colm 

Prof. -J. Lang, Hudson. 
: Prof. T. 15.. Cleveland. 
Bev. John, Lockland, Hamilton Co. 
Kirtland, Dr. Jared P., land. 

Klippard, John II.. Columbus. 

■ ilumbns. 
Loriug, Dr. Starling, Columbus. 

Dr O. D-, ioT Central avenue, 

Lward, Columbus. 
Balisbury, Prof. J. H.. Clew 


Townsb Columbus. 

Warder, Dr. J. A,, Co. 

i I 

Nevius. Bev. it. D.. Portland. 

I tblehem. 




BourqtliD, J., Philadelphia. 

Bridget, Dr. Robert, 119 8. 20th street, 


Buckhout, Win. A., Penn. Agric. Col. 
Burk, Isaac, 4th and Coates streets, Phila- 

(arson. Dr. Joseph, Philadelphia. 

Carter. J. J., Lyle, Lancaster Co. 

Cressinan. Philip, Prin. Pub. School, Phila- 

Darrach, Dr. J., Germantown. 

Davis, Miss N. J., Birmingham, Hunting- 
don Co. 

Ennis, Prof. Jacob, Philadelphia. 

Garber, A. P., Columbia, Lancaster Co. 

Gentry, T. G., Sharpnack street, German- 

Green, Prof. Traill, Easton. 

Hassler, Dr. F. A., 4001 Chestnut street, 

Hess, Dr. Robert J., Bethlehem. 

Hoopes, Josiah. West Chester. 

Hunt, Dr. J. Gibbons, 123 N. 10th street, 

Jack, Dr. Louis, 16th and Locust streets, 

Jackson, Halliday, West Chester. 

Kilvington, Robert, Philadelphia. 

Knipe, Rev. S. W., Delaware Water Gap. 

Leffman, Dr., Philadelphia. 

Leidy, Prof. Joseph, 1302 Filbert street, 

Lesley, Prof. J. F., 1008 Clinton street, 

Long, Dr. J. F., Hubblesburg, Centre 

Lowrie, J. R., Warriorsmark, Huntingdon 

Meehan, Thomas, Germantown. 

Michener, Dr. Ezra, Toughkenamon, Ches- 
ter Co. 

Moyer, Dr. I. S., Quakertown. 

Porter, Prof. Thos. C. Easton. 

Ralston, Prof. J. G., Norristown. 

Rau, Eugene A., Bethlehem. 

Rau. Robert, Bethlehem. 

Red held, John H. t 216 W. Logan Square, 

Rothrock, Dr. Joseph T., West Chester. 

Seal, Thomas F., Unionville, Chester Co. 

Shaffer, Dr. Charles, Philadelphia. 

Sinclair, J., Lithographer, Philadelphia. 

Smith, Aubrey H., 435 Liberty street, Phil- 

Smith, Chas. E. f 216 S. 12th street, Phila- 

Smith. Daniel B., Germantown. 

Btauffer, Jacob, Lancaster. 

Tryon, Geo. W., Jr., Acad. Nat. Sci., Phila- 

Waring, W. Gk, Tyrone. 

Whittem, Wm. A., Chestnut Hill, Phila- 

Wirt. I. K., McVeytown. 

Wister, W. Wynne, ( ierniantown. 

Wolle, Bev. Franeia, Bethlehem. 

W 1. l'rot. H. C, Jr., 1706 Chestnut St., 



Bailey, w. w\. Providence, 

Bennett. Jas. L., Providence. 

Clark, Jas. H., Newport. 
Congdon, Joseph W., East Greenwich. 
Hunt, George, Providence. 
Olney, Stephen T., 18 Brown street, Provi- 
Trippe, Miss Ella F., Providence. 


Gibbes, L. E., Charleston. 
Mellichamp, Dr. J. H., Bluffton. 
Ravenel, H. W., Aiken. 


Blakie, Geo. S., Nashville. 

Branham, Prof. J. R., Brownsville College. 

Curtis, Dr. Josiah, Knoxville. 


Buckley, S. B., Austin. 

Lindheimer, Ferdinand, New Braunfels, 

Reverchon, J., Dallas. 

Young, Mrs. M. J., State Botanist, Houston. 

Townsend, J. L., Salt Lake City. 


Brainard, Prof. H, Middlebury College. 
Brown, Mrs. A. E., Box 89, Brattleboro'. 
Cutting. Dr. H. A., Lunenburg. 
Frost,. Chas. C, Brattleboro'. 
Herrick, M. L., Rutland. 
Perkins, Prof. Geo. H., Burlington. 
Phelps, Dr. Edward E., Windsor. 
Pringle, C. G., Charlotte. 


Curtiss, A. H., Liberty, Bedford Co. 
Shriver, Howard, Wytherville, Wythe Co. 
Stabler, Dr. R. H., Alexandria. 

Smith, Prof. C, Vancouver Seminary. 


Bingham, Miss Ada B., Monroe. 
Copeland, Prof. H. E., White W'ater. 
Daniells, Prof. W. W., Madison. 
Douglas, Dr. James S., Milwaukee. 
Jordan, Prof. D. S., Appleton, Outagamie 

Kumlien, Thure. Busseyville P. O. 
Lapham, 1. A., LL.D.. Milwaukee. 
Sherman, Dr. Lewis, Milwaukee. 


Bnrhank, Prof. I. S. 
Bolaer, Rev. L. 

Shattuek, Miss M. M. 




Blain, Joae\ near Santa Cruz, JnrUdiodon 

i Cristobal, Cuba. 
Court. Or. I.. P ill •■! Spam, Trinidad. 
Pahl. Christum. St. Croix. 
Qundlach, Juan (Johannes), Havana, Cuba. 

Henry, st. 'i | 
March, W. T., Spanishtowu. Jamaica. 

Morales. Dr. Sebastian Alfredo do, Callo do 
Velarde N>. .">. Matanzaa, Cuba. 
Manui-| .J., ibidem. 

sauvaiic, Francisco adoUb, Havana. Cuba. 

Wilson, Nathaniel, Botanic Gardens, Bath, 




Clematis, L. (Virgin's Bower — Traveler's Joy.) 

O. verticillaris, I"'. Along tin- Delaware River above Phillipsburg. 

O. Virginiana, L. Leaves divided into three parts ; the parts lance- 
coarsely toothed, sometimes cut with deep incisions, or lobed ; 
onally heart-shaped at the base. Flowers white. July to Septem- 
ber. The stamens and pistils are borne on different flowers. Late in 
autumn the plant pi emarkable appearance, the long, whitish, 

silky plumes in which the carpels terminate, make it resemble mas 
wool thrown upon the low shrubbery over which the plant climbs, soine- 
.e extent of thirty feet. 
tat. — Aloi g - and rich damp hedge-rows. Scattered .-par- 

ingly throughout the State. Bears cultivation well, but is not thereby 
improved in appearance. 

Anemone, L. (Wind-Flower.) 

A. Y:."_-iniana, L. Extremely rare. 

A . L. (Wind-flov. B I to be called wind-flower be- 

many of th Found in windy • This, ho 

is not especially I with A. nemoroaa, for it seems to delight in the 


low which is a whorl 
of three trifolia- . d, pule underneath. I 

or purplisli, with : March t«» May. 

Middl- • 

Hepatica, Dill. f— Liverwort.) 

H. •:•;;..::!, Chaix. purple ; scapes hair; 

■ilky hairy — separated from tin 


varying from deep purple to a dingy white. March to May. I have col- 
lided this plant In the woods near Princeton, in February, in full flower. 
The Leaves vary In form from three to four, rarely five, distinct rounded 
lobes to kidney Bhape ; sometimes cordate, the early leaves covered with 
silky hairs, especially when the plant is found on dry hill-sides. Bears 
cultivation well. 

Thalictrum, Tourn. (Meadow-Rue.) 

T. anemonoides, Michx. (Rue-leaved anemone.) Stem, six to eight 
inches high ; root-leaves on petioles nearly or quite the length of the stem ; 
twice three divided; stem-leaves in a whorl just below the flowers, and 
tmiate ; parts rounded and heart-shaped at the base. Flowers white, in a 
cluster at the summit of the stem. Found on southern exposures of dry, 
wooded hill-sides, usually near trees or stumps, common. 

T. dioicum, L. Princeton, not common. 

T. Cornuti, L. Meadows and along streams, common. 

Ranunculus, L. (Crowfoot — Buttercup.) 

R. aquatilis, L. 

Var. R. divaricatus, Gray. Squan and Shark rivers, rare. 

R. pusillus, Poir. This species is so different from the general char- 
acter of the genus that it needs a passing notice. The young botanist, 
after inspecting R. repens, which appears among the early spring flowers, 
would not suspect this to be Ranunculus. I have never found it in any 
place except the swamp near Penn's Neck, about two miles east of Prince- 
ton. It delights in damp places, growing almost in the water, has a long 
stem, from two to three feet in extent, which is always prostrate unless 
held up by surrounding plants. The leaf is lance-shaped ; flowers bright 
yellow, smaller than R. repens. 

R. reptans, I have never seen growing in the State. I put it down on 
the authority of Dr. Torrey. Prof. Porter reports it as growing along 
the Delaware, above Phillipsburg. 

R. Cymbalaria, Pursh. Head of Barnegat Bay, near Point Pleasant, 
near salt water, quite rare. 0. 

R. abortivus, L. Shady hill-sides and banks of streams, common. 

R. sceleratus, L. Wet ditches and pools, near. New Egypt, common 
above Lawrenceville. 

R. recurvatus, Poir. Shady hill-sides and banks of streams, common 
about Princeton and Hightstown. 

R. Pennsylvanieus, L. Princeton, Freehold. 

R. fasdcularis, Muhl. Meadow woods, near Squan Village, also 
about Hightstown and open woods near Freehold, M. 

R. repens, L. (Buttercup.) This is one of the plants that first greets 
us in spring with its flowers, appearing in April and continuing through- 
out the summer. It is very variable, and the young botanist is likely to 
mistake its different forms for separate species. It flowers first in south 
exposures of wooded hills. The flowers are large, bright yellow, grow- 

< \r LL0GT7E OF PLANTS. 3 

lug paler with age. Accurately described in Gray and Wood. Pound 
throughout the Btate. 

R. bnlbosus, L. Toms River, 0. and Mer., rare. 

R. acris, L, [a our common buttercup, and loves damp meadows, 
but does not refuse to adorn the roadsides of all these localities. It varies 

from our to three feet in height. In damp and wet place- it is almost 
free from pubescence, while in dry places the stem and leaves are sup- 
plied with hairs. Well described in (J ray and Wood. New Egypt, 0. 

and M. , common. 

Caltha, L. (Marsh Marigold — Cowslip.) 

C. palustris, L. This plant is found sparingly in Mer. and M. Is 

not generally ased for greens in these borders, but in Rockland County, 
-V V . where it grows in great abundance, it was once a favorite pot-herb 
and is called there Meadow Beauty. 

Trollius, L. (Globe-flower.) 

T. laxus, Balisb. Sussex. {Porter.) 

Coptis, Salisb. (Gold-thread.) 

O. trifolia, Salisb. Found sparingly in the western part of Mer. 

Helleborus, L. (Hellebore.) 

H. viridis, L. W. {Knighton.) 

Aquilegia, Tourn. (Columbine.) 

A. Canadensis, L. Found sparingly in the hills back of Princeton, 
in the eastern parts of M. Bears cultivation well. 
A. vulgaris, L. Belvidere. {Knighton.) 

Delphinium, Tourn. (Larkspur.) 

D. axureum, Michx. W. [Knighton.) 

Hydrastis, L. (Orange-root — Yellow puccoon.) 
H. Canadensis, L. W. {Knighton.) 

Actaea, L. i Barn-berry.) 

A. spicata, L. var. mora, Michx. Common about Princeton and 
Lawrenceville, Mer., and Cream Etidge, M. 

A alba, BigeL Near Princeton, in the hills. 

Cimicifuga, I. 

C Mil. Common 1j out L a wrenc e ? ille. i /. aiming.) 

C. Americana, Michx Belyidere. [Knighton.) 


Order 2. MAGNOLIACEiE. Magnolia Family. 
Magnolia, L. (Magnolia.) 

M. glauca, L. (Sweet Hay, called by some Swamp Sassafras.) This 
plant is admired for its beautiful green foliage, which is semi-evergreen, 
resembling in form the Leaves of the grandiflora. It likes wet places, 
.Inn dees well under cultivation from the middle of the State southward. 
A very large fine specimen is growing in the grounds recently owned by 
the late Judge Field, of Princeton. 

Liriodendron, L. (Tulip-tree — White-wood.) 

L. Tulipifera, L. This noble tree grows sparingly throughout the 
western parts of M. and all over Mer., in the northern parts of Bur. and 
southern parts of Mid., in the woods of W., and throughout Mor. 

Order 3. ANONACEiE. Custard-Apple Family. 
Asimina, Allans. (North American Papaw.) 

A. triloba, Dunal. W. {Knighton.) 

Order 4. MENISPERMACEiE. Moonseed Family. 
Menispermum, L. (Moonseed.) 

M. Canadense, L. M. {Dr. Torrey.) 

Order 5. BERBERIDACEiE. Barberry Family. 
Berberis, L. (Barberry.) 

B. vulgaris, L. Near Red Bank, M., not common. 

Podophyllum, L. (Mandrake — Love-apple.) 

P. peltatum, L. This is a striking plant in appearance on account 
of its shield-shaped leaves. The fruit is collected and eaten by children ; 
it has a sweetish insipid taste. The root is medicinal, and is adminis- 
tered t<> excite the liver. Near Princeton and Cream Ridge, in M., abund- 
ant in \Y. 

Order G. NYMPHiEACEiE. Water-Lily Famtly. 
Brasenia, Schreber. (Water-shield.) 

B. peltata, Pursh. Near Barrsville, 0., and Shark River, Mo., not 

Nelumbium, Juss. (Nelumbo — Sacred Bean.) 

N. luteum, Willd. Mill-pond, Woodstown, W. 

Nymphaea, Tourn. (Water-Nymph — Water-Lily.) 

N. Odorata, Ait. Ponds and stagnant pools, common. 
)'.//•. minor, Sims. Southern Jersey, common. 

« \ t LLOOUE OF PL A N I . 

Nuphar, Smith. (Yellow? Pond Lily- Bpatter-Dock.) 
N. advena, Ait. Still or stagnant water, common. 

Sarracenia, Toarn. (Side-saddle Flower — Pitcher-Plant.) 

S. purpurea, L. This plant deserves notice on accounl of its singu- 
lar leaves, which grow in the form of cups. The flower is also remark- 
able. The inner surface of the cups is thickly besprinkled with Btiff 
hairs : and the cups themselves are usually partly filled with water, in 
which insects, mostly flies, have perished, giving rise to the conjecture 
that the plant ib insectivorous; and the pitcher-shaped leaf is furnished 
with hairs for the purpose of entrapping its prey, which having got in, 
the Btiff hairs with which the surface is armed prevent them from crawl- 
ing out. Found in the swamp mar Penn's Neck, easl of Princeton, in 
M., near Freehold. 

ind in Camden. [W. M. Canty.) 

Okdeb 8. PAPAVERACE51. Poppy Family. 
Argemone. L. (Prickly Poppy.) 

A. M< xicana, L. Waste places, not common. 

Chelidonium, L. (Celandine.) 

C. ma jus, L. Waste grounds, near dwellings, fare. 

Banguinaria, Dill. (Blood-root.) 

S. Canadensis, L. This is one of the most charming of the early 
spring flowers. It has a pure white flower and a leaf easily pressed and 
; rved in its natural shape. 

When the root is broken or cut, a red juice issues from the wound, 
the name. Princeton, and upper parts of M., not common. 

Adlumia, Pat*. (Climbing Fumitor 

A. drrhosa, Raf. Belvidere. [Knighton.) 

Dicentra, Pork. (Dutchmi ches.) 

D. Cucullaria, DC. (Bl Iroot.) Princeton, not common. The 

southern part of th( 9 by.) 

Corydalis. lis.) 

C Willd. Princeton, Bfer. 

C. ' irsh, Prino ton, Mer. Pi ■■ i >n, (J. H 

Fumaria. I.. | Fnmit 

F. officinalis. I., i' od Hightstown. M> i 


Order 10. CRUCIFER^I. Mustard Family. 
Nasturtium, R. Br. (Water-Cress.) 

N. Annoracea, Fries. (Horse-radish.) Banks of streams and damp 
soil, not rare. 

Dentaria, L. (Tooth wort — Pepper-root.) 

D. laciniata, Muhl. Freehold, M., not common. Camden. {W. M. 

Cardamine, L. (Bitter Cress.) 

O. rhomboidea, DC. Wet meadows and springs, rare. 

C. rotundifolia, Michx. Cool, shaded springs, Middletown, Free- 
hold, M., very rare. 

C. hirsuta, L. Princeton, Hightstown, Mer., Freehold, M., sparingly. 

Arabis, L. (Rock Cress.) 

A. iyrata, L. Shady places, not common. 
A. hirsuta, Scop. Mer., near Hightstown. 
A. laevigata, DC. Mer., Hightstown ; M. Freehold. 

A. Canadensis, L. Damp woods, Freehold. 

Barbarea, R. Br. (Winter Cress.) 

B. vulgaris, R. Br. Very showy, common in oat-fields. 

Sisymbrium, L. (Hedge Mustard.) 

S. officinale, Scop. About dwellings, not rare. 
S. Thalianum, Belvidere. {Knighton.) 

Sinapis, Tourn. 

S. alba, L. (White Mustard.) Waste places, rare. 

S. arvensis, L. (English Charlock.) Common in cultivated fields 
and about gardens. 

S. nigra, L. (Black Mustard.) Fields and waste places ; furnishes 
the mustard of our tables, common near dwellings. 

Draba, L. (Whitlow-Grass.) 

D. Caroliniana, Walt. Camden. {Canby) 

D. verna, L. Sandy waste places and fields, common. 

Alyssum, Tourn. (Alyssum.) 

A. niaritiinnm, L. In cultivation, W. {Knighton.) 

Camelina, (rant/. (False Flax.) 

C. Bativa, ('rant/.. Flax-fields, not common. 

Capsella, Vent. (Shepherd's Purse.) 

C. Bursa-paetoriB, bfcench. Waste places and about dwellings. 


Thlaapi, Tourn. (Penny cr o w.) 
T. arvense, L ( Sommon. 

Lepidium, L. (Pepperwort — Peppergrai 

L. Virginicum, L. Road-sides and waste places, common. 
L. campestre, L. Camden. (Cariby.) 

Oakile, Tourn. (Sea Etocki 

C. Americana, Nutt. Coast, Cape May, common. [Gariby.) 

Raphanus, L (Radish.) 

R. Etaphanistrum, L. A troublesome weed, M. 

Order 18. ViOLACEiE. Violet Family. 
Viola, L. (Violet— Heart's-ease.) 

V. lanceolata, L. (Lance-leaved Violet.) Quite smooth, lanceolate, 
tapering into a long petiole, obscurely toothed, or entire ; leaves generally 
a little longer than the scapes ; 4-G in. high — flowers white, inodorous, 
striped with purple lines, spur short; sepals lanceolate; petals beard- 
Common in damp meadows in the eastern part of Mer. and north- 
ern parts of M. April to June. 

V. priinuhefolia, L. Smooth, varying from cordate, broad ovate, to 
late, tapering into a winged petiole, slightly repand or crenate ; 
when growing in dry places sparingly pubescent ; sepals lanceolate ; stig- 
ma beaked ; flowers white, striped with purple streaks, slightly odorous ; 
petals slightly bearded, especially the lateral ones. April to July. Wei 
meadows ; growing with V. lanceolata and V. blanda, and seems to be a 
connecting link between them. I have seen specimens that seemed to 
- th»- characteristics of both. Dr. Beck suggests that it may be 
identical with V. lanceolata, but my observations do not had me to that 
conclusion. I should sooner take it to be a variety of V. blanda ; its 
flowers are odorous like V. blanda ; its foliage more nearly approaches 
that of V. blanda than of V. lanceolata, 4-(! in. high. Scattered sparingly 
over the entire limits of the three counties, M., ()., and Mer. 

V. blanda, Willd. Leaves cordate or sub-reniform, crenate <.r sub- 
entire, early ones Bub-orbicular, with the head of the sinus rounded. 
Flower- white, odorous, and small ; Bepals ovate ; petals ovate, obtuse, 
Striped with purple. Common, growing in damp grounds. April to 
June. :;-o in. high. 

V. cucullata, Ait. Glabrous leaves cordate, cuculate at the base, ser 

ed, distinctly nerved; radical ones sometimes sub-reniform or 

frequently purple on the under Bide near the base. 

era bine, large, sepals linear, lanceolate ; upper petal smooth, the 

Spur short and rounded. Com- 
mon throughout these Limits, growing in wel grounds. Harch to July. 
5-12 in. h 


Var. striata ; admits of the above description except that its flowers 
are lighter and striped with dark lines. 4-8 in. high, rare. I have seen 
but few specimens, and those were found in low ground about half a 
mile easl of Freehold. 

Var. palmata. Form No. 1. Leaves varying from broad cordate to 
reniform, repand toothed, sparingly cnculate at base ; whole plant slight- 
ly pubescent ; radical Leaves, purple above. Growing in dry grounds and 
open woods. 0-10 in. high. 

Form No. -J. Early haves, broad cordate, or reniform, somewhat fleshy, 
on Bhort petioles, under side frequently purple, serrate toothed, usually 
two or ihne in number, rarely many ; later leaves usually two to four in 
number, on long petioles, three lobed, the middle lobe sometimes lanceo- 
late, occasionally with parallel sides, and terminating in a blunt angle, 
the lateral lobes hatchet-shaped, with the margins sometimes serrate 
toothed, sometimes deeply cut into two or three divisions. The whole leaf 
is frequently divided into narrow parts, approaching V. pedata. Again, 
the whole margin will be made up of divisions, varying in number from 
six to twelve, and from an eighth to half an inch in width, the middle one 
generally the broadest, and the incisions extending half way into the 
blade. The early leaves are usually smooth, the later ones covered with 
pubescence. Flowers apetalous and frequently subterranean. Growing 
abundantly about Freehold. Dry grounds and open woods. May to 
August. 0-12 in. high. 

1 watched this plant closely throughout three successive seasons in the 
same localities, and it seems to depart from the distinctive characters of 
V. cuCulata as its distance from damp ground increases. I placed specimens 
with divided leaves in the lawn of the Freehold Institute, in damp, rich 
soil, and in the course of four years they were free from pubescence, the 
entire, and in every way identical with V. cuculata growing within 
ten feet of it. I also saw specimens which had been transplanted into 
a dry, gravelly, rather sterile border, in Flushing, on Long Island, and 
they retained their pubescence and divided leaves. 

V. sagittata, Ait. Leaf entirely smooth, when growing in damp soil; 
slightly pubescent when growing in dry soil. Sub-linear, lanceolate; 
sometimes triangular ; sparingly toothed or cut-toothed at the base. 4-10 
h. Flower deep blue ; petals obovate, and emarginate ; sepals 
lanceolate, acute, growing abundant about Lawrenceville ; scattered 
sparingly over the entire limits. April to July. 

Var. ovata, Nutt. Leaves oblong-ovate, crenate, repand toothed near 
the base; pubescent; stipules .ciliate; flowers large and dark. Growingin 
dry. open woods; sandy 60il. Abundant in M. April to May. £-4 in, high. 

Yur. emarginata, Le Conte, I have not detected in these limits. 

V. pedata, L. Leaves pedate, 5 to 9 parted, segment linear, sub- 
lanceolate; middle segments frequently toothed. Flowers large, pale 

blue, conspicuous. This beautiful species is so distinct as to require a 
very brief description. It abounds In M. Its flowers are the largest and 

iim.-t showy of all the species found in the State, 

CATALOGUE OB ri.\ \ i . B 

V. liuhlenbergii, Torr. Stem slender, much branched, Leaves smooth, 
Bub-reniform, or broad cordate, crenate, serrate. 1 12 in. high. Growing 
in damp meadows. Abundant aboul Freehold. 

V. Canadensis, L Btemmed ; Leaves cordate ; Bomewhat acuminate, 
serrate j stipules broad, lanceolate; Bpur short. Flowers pair blue or 
white ; petals marked with blue Lines. Stem, L2 18 In. high. Damp 

Is, northern part of the State. [Knighton.) 

V. pubescens, Ait. Covered with a .-oft pubescence ; Leaves few, 

broad, cordate, toothed mar t lit* summit of the stem, varying from 1 :; in. 
broad. Flowers, pale yellow — the only yellow violet in the State. Shady 

bs. Found sparingly throughout the middle counties. A 

form of this species is found at Cream Ridge, in M., with unusually Large 

orbicular leaves, growing on a hill side, over red shale. 

V. tricolor, L. Stem leafy, angled; leaves, ovate, cordate; stipules 
lacinately toothed. Stem much branched. Flowers variegated. This is 
Undoubtedly a variety of the cultivated pansy, escaped from gardens. 
Found in the fields near Trenton, not common. I have never seen it 
growing without cultivation in any other locality in the State. 

Order 14. CISTACEiE. Rock-rose Family. 
Helianthemum, Tourn. (Roek-rose.) 

H. Canadense, Michx. Sandy or dry gravelly soil. 

H. corymbosum, Michx. Sandy or barren soil near the coast, not as 

common as the last. 

Hudsonia, L. (Iludsonia.) 

H. ericoides, L. Dry pine barrens, quite common in O. and M. 
H. tomentosa, Xutt. Dry sandy coast and occasionally several miles 
inland, common in 0. 

Lechea, L. | Pinweqd.) 

L. major, Michx. Barren sandy Gelds, common. 

L. thymifolia, Pursh. Barren sandy fields one mile west of Qood- 

1. . . * '. idows, Qes .it, ()., rare. 

L. minor, Lam. Dry open woods and road-sides, very common. 

Drosera. I - Lew.) 

D. rotnndifolia, I.. P< common. 

D. Longi folia, L. Peat-bogB, Common. 

D fill formis, Baf. Peat-bo roadfi 

These threi • frequently found growing within the s: I 

a ten !i other. 


Order 1G. HYPERICACEJE. St. John's-wort Familt. 
Ascyrum, L. (St. Peter's-wort.) 

A. stans, Michx. Borders of thickets, pine-barrens, common. 
A. Crux-Andreas, L. Hill-sides and thickets, common. 

Hypericum, L. (St, John's-wort.) 

H. pyramidatum, Ait, On the Delaware. (Porter.) 

H. prolificum, L. Swamps *n pine barrens, Manchester, 0., common. 

Var. densiflorum, Gray. With the above, O., common. 

EL adpressum, Barton. Mer., near Freehold. 

H. angulosuni, Michx. Wet pine-barrens, not common. 

H. perforatum, L. Pastures and meadows, fortunately not common. 

H. corynilioMini, Muhl. Damp or shady places, not common. 

H. nmtilum, L. Low grounds, common everywhere. 

H. Canadense, L. Wet sandy places, common. 

H. Sarothra, Michx. Both wet and dry sandy fields, common. 

Elodea, Adans. (Marsh St. John's-wort.) 

E. Virginica, Xutt. In sandy swamps, common. 

Order 17. ELATINACEJEJ. Water-wort Family. 
Elatine, L. (Water- wort.) 

E. Americana, Arnott. Hightstown, Mer. 

Order 18. CARYOPHYLLACE^I. Pink Family. 
Saponaria, L. (Soap-wort.) 

S. officinalis, L. (Soap-wort — Bouncing Bet.) This very showy and 
really pretty plant, in spite of the neglect with which it meets, adorns 
the road-sides, near dwellings, all over the northeastern parts of the 
State. Introduced from Europe and escaped from gardens. 

Vacoaria, Medik. (Cow-Herb.) 

V. vulgaris, Host. Partly naturalized, rare 

Silene, L. (Catchfly — Campion.) 

S. Btellata, Ait. Banks of Shark River, M., rare. 

S. Pennsjlvanica, Michx. Sandy woods, not common. 

S. Virginica, L. Near Camden. (Canby.) Warren. (Knighton.) 

S. Armeria, L, Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) 

S. antirrhina, L. Dry soil and barren sandy fields, rare. 

S. noctiflora, L. Warren. {Knighton.) 

Lychnis, Tourn. (Lychnis — Cockle.) 

L. (Jithago, Lam. Wheat-fields, too common. 

I \ I aLOGUE or PLANTS, 11 

Arenaria, F. (Sand-wort.) 

A. serpyllifolia, F. Sandy waste places, not rare. 
A. ■quarrosa, Michx. Near sea-coast, M. 
A. stricta, Michx. Hun. {Porter.) 
A. lateriflora, L. Bndds Lake, Mor. (Porter.) 

A. peploides, L. (Honkenya peploides, Fhrh.) Sandy Bea-beach, not 
Atlantic City, {('(tub//.) 

Stellaria, L. (Chickweed — Star-wort) 

S. media, Smith. Fields and around houses, common. 
S. pnbera, Michx. Freehold. M., not rare. 

S. Longifolia, Muhl. Princeton and Ilightstown, Mer. 

Cerastium, F. (Mouse-ear— Chickweed.) 

C. vulgatnm, F. Qrassy banks, not common. 

C. viscosnm, F. Grassy fields and copses, common. 

C. nutans. Raf. Moist places, O., common. 

C. arvense, F. M. [Dr. Torrey.) W. (Knighton.) 

Sagina, L. (PearFwort.) 

S. procombens, F. Damp or springy places, not common. 
S. apetala, L. Mer. and M. (Dr. 1'orrey) 

Spergularia, Pen. (Sand-Spurrey.) 

S. rubra, IVrs. Sandy soil near the coast, common. 
marina, Cray. Sea-coast, common. 

Spergula, L. (Spurrey.) 

S. arrensis, F. Grain fields, common. 

Anychia, Michx. (Forked Chickweed.) 

A. dichotoma. Michx. In dry and also moist soil, rare. 

Scleranthus, F. (KnaweL) 

S. annuus, F. Sandy waste places, not rare. 

Mollugo, F. (Indian Chickweed.) 

M. verticillat - ly river hanks and cultivated grounds ; in 

• eed, common. 

Sesuvium, F. (Sea Purs! 

S. Portnlacastnim, F. On the coast, rare. 

Portulaca, Purslane.) 

p man. 


Claytonia, L. (Spring Beauty.) 

C. Virginica, L. This little plant is one of the most delicate and 
beautiful of the early spring flowers found throughout the middle 
count i.s ; growing in the borders of damp woods, especially in southern 
exposures. Appearing in April. The flowers. are of a rose tint, with 
darkish veins. Leaves long, lance shaped. In shady copses. 

C. Carol iniana, Michx. W. (Knighton.) 

Order 20. MALVACEffiJ. Mallow Family. 
Althaea, L. (Marsh-Mallow.) 

A. officinalis, L. Salt marshes, also about mill-ponds inland, com- 

Malva, L. (Mallow.) 

M. rotundifolia, L. Door-yards and waste places, common. 
M. sylvestris, L. Way-sides, rather rare. 

Sida, L. (Sida.) 

8. spinosa, L. Waste places, near New Egypt, 0. 

Abutilon, Tourn. (Indian Mallow — Velvet Leaf.) 

A. Avicennae, Gaertn. Waste places, a vile weed, common. 

Kosteletzkya, Presl. (Kosteletzkya.) 

K. Virginica, Presl. Marshes on the coast, rather rare. 

Hibiscus, L. (Rose-Mallow.) 

H. Moscheutos, L. Banks of rivers, not rare on the coast and near 

H. militaris, Cav. W. (Knighton.) 

H. Trionum, L. Escaped from gardens, not common. 

Order 21. TIL.IACE.ffi!. Linden Family. 

Tilia, L. (Linden — Basswood — Lime Tree.) 

T. Americana, L. This is a graceful tree used for ornamental pur- 
poses, and found in the streets of the villages and in private grounds. 
I have never seen it in a wild state. Dr. Knieakero reports it as growing 
along the Manasquan River. Common in woods of M. and W. (Knight- 

Order 23. LINACEffiJ. Flax Family. 
Linum, L. (Flax.) 

Li. Virginianum, L. Dry woods, not rare. 
Li. .striatum, Walt. Pines. (Canby.) 


Geranium, I. (Cranesbill.) 

G. maculatum, L. (Spotted Cranesbill.) This ipedei II common In 

Ihe middle counties. Leaves spotted, on Long petioles; itemi erect, 

bearing an abundance <>f large, showy, purple flowers, The plant is f;ir 

showy and beautiful than some of the cultivated varieties. En- 

dures cultivation well. 

G. Oarolinianum, L. Barren soil and waste places, common. 

Erodium. [/Her. (Storksbill.) 

E. deuterium, L'Her. Woodbury. (Canby) 

Impatiens, L. (Balsam — Jewel-weed.) 
L pallida, Nutt. W. {Knighton^ 

I. fulva, Nutt. Bhady moist places, common. 

Va \ alba. Near Toms River, (>., has white flowers, not common. 

Oxalis, L. (Wood-Sorrel— Sheep-Sorrel.) 

O. violaoea,L. is common about Freehold; rarely found near Prince- 

O. stricta, L. Woods and fields, common. 

Order 23. RUTACEJE. Rue Family. 
Zanthoxylum, Colden. (Prickly Ash.) 

Z. Ameiicanum, Mill. M., near Freehold. 

Order 26. ANACARDIACEJE. Cashew Family. 
Rhus, L. (Sumach.) 

R. typhina, L. Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) Also in W. {Knighton.) 
R. glabra, L. This species is common throughout the middle parts 
of the State. The fruit has ■ pleasant arid, a decoction of which is used 
as a gargle for ul< ire throat The leaves and hark arc used for 

tanning goat-skins, and arc said to make the besl Morocco. 

R. oopallina, L Neglected fields and road-sides, common. 

R. venenata, DC. (Poison Sumach— Poison Elder-— Poison Dogwood.) 

Is a small tr<-<\ from eight to twenty feet high. The poisonous eft 

Common; growing in swampy 
- throughout th<- State. 

R Poisou Vine— -Poison Ivy— Poison Oak.) This 

plant is a vine, •' to the trunks of trees, or to rocks, by nu- 

thrown out all along the stem. The leaves are three 

: - be avoided Lt is poisonous to most 

■ raption of the skin, accompanied by an Intolerable 

tion. Lou nd thickets, 



Order 27. VITACEiE. Vine Family. 
Vitis, Tourn. (Grape.) 

V. Labrusca, L. Thickets, and along fences, common. 

V. aestivalis, Michx. Thickets, common. 

V. cordi folia, Michx. River banks and thickets, common. 

Ampelopsis, Michx. (Virginian Creeper — American Ivy.) 

A. quinquefolia, Michx. Great climber. Leaves five parted. Woods, 
and along fences. In rich, damp soils, common. 

Order 28. RHAMNACEJE. Buckthorn Family. 

Ceanothus, L. (New Jersey Tea — Red-root.) 

C. Americanus, L. This shrub bears cultivation ; it is said to have 
derived its name of New Jersey Tea from the circumstance that in early 
times the dried leaves were used for tea. Dry open woods and borders 
of fields and copses, common. 

Order 29. CELASTRACEiE. Staff-tree Family. 
Celastrus, L. (Staff-tree — Shrubby Bitter-sweet.) 

C. scandens, L. I have not found this growing in this State except 
at Princeton, Mer. Dr. Knighton reports it as growing in W. 

Euonymus, Tourn. (Spindle-tree.) 

E. atropurpureus, Jacq. (Burning-Bush.) Not rare. 
E. Americanus, L. About Freehold, M. 

Order 30. SAPINDACEiE. Soapberry Family. 
Staphylea, L. (Bladder-Nut.) 

S. trifolia, L. Banks of Squan River, rare. 

Acer, Tourn. (Maple.) 

A. spicatum, Lam. (Mountain Maple.) Mountains of W. {Knight- 

A. saccharinum, Wang. Used as an ornamental tree throughout the 


A. dasycarpom, Ehrhart. Used for shade tree, is a very rapid grow- 
er, and liable to be broken by high winds ; it also grows more straggling 
than the last. 

A. rubrum, L. Swamps and wet woods, everywhere common. 

Negundo, Mcrnrh. (Ash-1< aved Maple — Box-Elder.) 

N. aoeroidee, Mcench. A very thrifty, rapid-growing tree ; much 
used for a shade tree. 

< A I A I 001 I 01 H.A.VTS. US 

OBDEB ;U. POLYGALACEiE. Milkwort Family. 

Polygala, Tourn. ( Milk .wort.) 

P '. ;:• a. I.. LOW meadoWS and sandy swamps, common. 

P. incarnate, L. Baddonfield. (Oanby.) 

P. saiicuiiii-a, L Damp meadoWB, DOl ran-. 

P. fastigiata, Nutt. Pine barrens, 0., nm common. 

P. Nuttallii. Torr. and (ir. Pines. (Canby.) 
P. eructate, L. Margins <>f swamps, common. 

P. brevifolia, Nutt. Along fences and in grain stubbles ; in M.,not 

P. v. rtirillata, L. Dry soil, common. . 

P. ambigna, Nutt. Dry and damp fields, common. 

P. polygama, Walt. Dry, sandy BOil, ran-. 

P. pauci folia, Willd. Near Freehold, not common. 

Order 32. LEGUMINOS53. Pulse Family. 
Lupinus, Tourn. (Lupine.) 

L. perennis, L. Sandy fields and woods, common. 

Crotalaria, L. (Rattle-box.) 

C. sagittalis, L. Sandy soil, common. 

Trifolium, L. (Clover— Trefoil.) 

T. airense, L. Barren, dry, sandy fields, common. 

T. pratense, L, Cultivated for hay and pasture, common. 

T. repens, L. Pastures, meadows, etc., common. 

T. agrariuru, L. Hightstown, Mer., not common. 

T. procumbens, L. Freehold, road-sides, and borders of fields, M. 

Melilotus, Tourn. (Melilot— Sweet Clover.) 

M. officinalis, Willd. Hightstown and Freehold, Mer. and M., about 

M. leucantha, Koch. W. (Knigldon.) 

Medicago, L. (M«-dick.) 

M. lupulina, L. Waste places and road-sides, rare. 

Robinia, L (Locust-tree.) 

R Pseud I.. Cultivated for its valuable timber. 

R. TJSCOSS, Vent Princeton, M«-r. , not common. 

Wistaria, Nutt. R 

W. frotescens, DC W. * Knighton.) 


Tephrosia, Pen. (Hoary Pea.) 

T. Virginiana, Pers. Dry, sandy soil, very common. 

Desmodium, DC. (Tick-Trefoil.) 

D. nuditiorum, DC. Dry woods, Middletown, M., rare. 

D. acuniinatum, DC. Copses and fence-rows, as well as damp woods, 
Princeton, Freehold, and Allentown, common. 

D. rotundifolium, DC. Dry, sandy fields, 0., rare. Common inMer. 
and M. 

D. humifusum, Beck. Belvidere. {Knighton.) 

"D. canescens, DC. Mer. near Princeton. 

D. cuspidatum, Torr. and Gr. Hightstown and Princeton in Mer. and 
Freehold, M. 

D. laevigaturn, DC. Pines of 0., not common. 

D. viridiflorum, Beck. Belvidere. {Knighton) 

D. Dillenii, Darlington. Open, sandy woods, 0., common. 

D. paniculatum, DC. Copses and horders of woods, common. 

D. strictum, DC. Pine woods and neglected fields, rare. 

D. Canadense, DC. Borders of woods, not rare. 

D. ciliare, DC. Dry hills and sandy fields, common. 

D. Marilandicuni, Boott. Copses and open woods, common. 

Lespedeza, Michx. (Bush-Clover.) 

Ij. procumbens, Michx. Sandy soil, not rare. 

L. repens, Torr. and Gray. Dry, sandy fields and open woods, com- 

Ii. violacea, Pers. Varieties of this species are common. 

L. Stuvei, Nutt. Along fences on hill-sides, M., common. 

L. hirta, Ell. Dry, sandy, barren fields and hill-sides, common. 

L. capitata, Michx. Varieties of this species occur in dry, sandy or 
gravelly fields and hill-sides, common., Swartz. (Pencil-Flower.) 

S. elatior, Swartz. Dry, sandy road-sides, rare ; common in M. 

Vicia, Tourn. (Vetch— Tare.) 

V. sativa, L. Cultivated fields, common. 

V. tetraspenna, L. Keyjmrt, M. {S. Lockwood) 

V. hirsuta, Koch. About dwellings in eastern M., common. 

V. Cracca, L. W. {Knighton.) 

V. Caroliniana, Walt. Hunt. (Porter.) 

V. Americana, Muhl. W. {Knighton.) 

Apios, Boerh. (Ground-nut — Wild Bean.) 

A. tuberosa, Mcench. Moist thickets, common. 

c \ ial.m.i i: OB ri.AN 1 3, 17 

Phaseolus, L (Kidney Bean.) 

P. perennis, Walt W, [Knighton,) 

P. diversifolius, Pen. Sand bills, sea-coast, rare. 

P. helvolus, L. Bandy fields, common. 

Clitoria, L. (Butterfly-Pea.) 

C. Mariana. L. Sigh banks, Toms River, O., rare. 

Amphicarpaea, Kll. (Hog Peannt.) 

A. monoica, Nutt Freehold, M.. and Hi^htstown, Mer. 

Qalactia, P. Browne. (Milk-Pea.) 

G. glabella, Michx. Pines. {Canby.) 

Baptisia, Vent (False Indigo.) 

B. tinctoria, R. Br. Dry, sandy soil, common. 

Cercis, L. (Red-bnd— Judas-tn 

C. Canadensis, L. W. {Knighton.) 

Cassia, L. i Senna. ) 

C. Marilandica, L. Alluvial soil, not common. The leaves are some- 
times used f<T medicine. M. 

C. Chamadcrista, L Sandy fields, common. 

C. nictitans, U Sandy fields and road-sides, common. 

Gleditschia, L. (Honey-Locust.) 

G. triacanthos, L. Cultivated for ornament. 

Order 3o. ROSACA2E. Rose Family. 
Prunus. Tourn. (Plnm, Cherry, etc.) 

P. Americana. Marshall. Banks of streams, not common, M. 

P. maritima, Wang. Near sea-beach, sandy, open woods, common. 

P. spinosa, L. Orange and W. {Knighton^ 

P. pnmila. L. W. I Knighton.) 

P. Pennsylvanica, L. w. {Knighton.) 

P. Virginiana, U W. {Knighton.) 

P. serotina, Ehrhart Upland, common. 

Spiraea, L. (Meadow 8 

S opulifolia, L. Cultivated about dwellings, rare. 

B. tomentoea, U (Hardback — Bteeple-Bnsh — Downy Spinea.) This 

-ily distinguished from all others on account of its wrinkled 
:amid sbaped masses of Mowers, with which the summits 

and branches are crowned, 'ill.- hot year's frail 

g the fiowt purple, appearing in June, July, and 


August. A tea made of the leaves is said to be a remedy for dysentery. 
In M. and M<t., not common. 

S. salici folia, L. (White Spiraea — Meadow-Sweet — Willow-leaved 
Spiraaa.) This species is frequently found growing with the last, though 
it Likes wetter places. Its flowers are white, and the leaves resemble the 
leaves of willow. Flowers from June to September. Both these species, 
which grow about three feet high, bear cultivation. 

Gillenia, Moench. (Indian Physic.) 

G. trifoliata, Mcench. W. {Knighton.) 

Poterium, L. (Burnet.) 

P. Canadense, Gray. Freehold, and about Hightstown, Mer., not 

Agrimonia, Tourn. (Agrimony.) 

A. Eupatoria, L. Borders of woods, rare in the middle counties ; 
common in W. {Knighton.) 

Geum, L. (Avens.) 

G. Virginianum, L. Freehold, M. 

G. strictum, Ait. Damp, shady places and meadows, not common. 

Waldsteinia, Willd. 

W. fragarioides, Tratt. W. {Knighton) 

Potentilla, L. (Cinque-foil — Five-finger.) 

P. Norvegica, L. Cultivated fields, not common in the middle coun- 
ties ; frequent in W. {Knighton.) 

P. Canadensis, L. (Cinque-foil — Five-Finger — False Strawberry.) 
This little plant always attracts the attention of young botanists. It 
varies very much in form, so that beginners usually make several species 
of it during the season. It resembles the field strawberry in general ap- 
pearance. When found in dry, barren fields, it is small, simple, and 
thickly sprinkled with silky hairs ; when growing in damp, rich fence- 
rows it is less hairy, and sends off many runners, rooting and flowering 
along the runners. The plant in damp, rich soil forms the Var. P. sim- 

P. argentea, L. W. (Ixuiyliton.) 

P. Anserina, L. Freehold, M., not common. 

P. fruticosa, L, Freehold, M., damp places, not common. 

P. palnatris, Scop. Budd's Lake, M. {Porter) 

Fragaria, Tourn. (Strawberry.) 

F. Yirginiana, Ehrhart. Fields and open woods, common. 
F. vesca, L. Fields and woods, not common. 

LTAL0GU1 OF I'l.w 19 

Rubus, Touro. (Purple-flowering Raspberry.) 

R. odoratus, L. Hills mar Princeton. 

R. trifloras, Richardson. M. [Dr. Torrey.) 

R. el i Michx. W. | Knigh 

R. occidental^. U Freehold, M., common in vrood-sides and pas- 

R. villosus, Ait. Borden of thickets, fields, etc, oommon. 

R. Canadensis, L Bandy fields, very troublesome, common. 

R. hispidus, L. Low woods, oommon. 

R. enneifolios, Pnrsh. Sandy fields, common. 

R. trivialis, Michx. W. [Knighton!) 

Rosa, Tonrn. (Rose.) 

R. Carolina. L. Swamps and low grounds, common. 
R. Ineida, Ehrhart Dry, soils and neglected fields, common. 
R. blanda, Ait. Damp meadows, Freehold, not common. 
R. rubiginosa, L. Thickets and road-sides, common. 

Crataegus, L. (Hawthorn — White Tree.) 

C. Oxycantha, L. W. {Knighton.) 

O. coccinea, L. Thickets and old fields, not rare. 

C. tomentosa, L. W. (Knighton.) 

C. punctata, Jacq. W. (Knighton.) 

O. Crus-galli, L. Thickets, not rare. 

O. parvifolia, Ait. Pine barrens, O.,' common. 

Pyrus, L. (Pear — Apple.) 

P coronaria, L. M., not common. 
P. a rb ut i folia, L. Borders of swamps, not rare. 
Var. melanocarpa, Gray. Damp thickets, common. 
P. Americana, DC. Budd's Lake, Mor. {Porter.) 

Amelanchier, Medic. (June-berry.) 

A. Canadensis, Torr. and Gray. (Shad-bush.) This is a very early 
flower in these borders, and forms a striking object early in April, 
appears in full flower before the surrounding trees have put on their 
The tree most common in this part of tin- State is the- \'<u\ Bo- 
tryapium, which BO. The other varieties arc >hrubs. 

V \ Botryapinm. Common. 
Var. oblongi folia. Oamden. {Canby.) 

80 SAXIFRAGACE5]. Saxii ka<;i: Family. 

Ribes, L. Currant— Gooseberry.) 

R I.. W. Knighton.) 

R. rotundifolium, Michx. W. [Knight 


R. floridum, L. Princeton. (Dr. Torrey.) W. {Knighton) 

R. rubrum, L. W. (Knighton.) 

R. a u rru in, Pursh. W. (Knighton.) 

Itea, L. (Itea.) 

I. Virginia, L. Swamps, near Manchester, O., not rare. 

Parnassia, Tourn. (Grass of Parnassus.) 

P. Caroliniana, Michx. Marl banks, New Egypt, 0., rare. 

Saxifraga, L. (Saxifrage.) 

S. Virginiensis, Miclix. Dry banks ; rare in the middle counties ; 
but Dr. Knighton reports it common on the lime formations of W. 

S. Pennsylvania, L. Freehold, damp woods, not common. 

Heuchera, L. (Alum-root.) 

H. Americana, L. Shady banks, 0., rare. 

Mitella, Tourn. (Mitre-wort — Bishop's-Cap.) 

M. diphylla, L. Borders of woods near Freehold, M. 

Chrysosplenium, Tourn. (Golden Saxifrage.) 

O. Americanum, Schweinitz. Cool, damp places, rare. 

Order 36. CRASSULACEiE. Orpine Famtly. 
Penthorum, Gronovius. (Dutch Stone- crop.) 

P. sedoides, L. Near New Egypt, 0., M., and Mer. W. (Knighton.) 

Sedum, Tourn. (Stone-crop — Orpine.) 

S. Telephium, L. Near dwellings, not rare. 

Order 37. HAMAMELACEffl. Witch-Hazel Family. 

Hamamelis, L. (Witch-hazel.) 

H. Virginica, L. Swamps and damp woods, not rare. 

Liquidambar, L. (Sweet-Gum Tree.) 

L. Styraciflua, L. (Sweet-Gum — Bilsted.) This tree demands a 
passing notice. Its bark presents a most remarkable roughness. Its 

leaves are large, glossy, and deeply lobed. It bears cultivation and is a 
most beautiful object in the lawn. In autumn it puts on a variety of 
shades, in which deep crimson predominates. In swamps and damp soil, 

cat \ I-", i i. OJ PLANTS. 21 

Order 88 halorageje. Wator-Milvoxl Family. 

Myriophyllum, VailL (Water-Milfoil.) 

M. scabratum, Michx. Quiet water, M., noil Freehold, and ('ape 


M. ■mbigaom, Nutt. In water, M.. rare 

Proserpinaca, L. (Merinaid-w • • 

P. palustris, L. Camden. [Canby.) 
P. pectinacee, Lain. Bandy swamps, Manchester, O., common. 

Ordkk :;:». ONAGRACE5]. EVKBTRQ-PRIMROflB Family. 

Circaea, Tourn. (Enchanter's Nightshade.) 

C. Lntetiana, L. Damp places in copses, and borders of damp 
meadows, common. 

Epilobium. L. (Willow-herb.) 

E. anguatifolium, L. (<ireat Willow-herb.) Not common. 
E. palnstre, L. Damp places about deserted dwellings, M. 
E. coloratnm, Muhl. Wet places, common. 

CEnothera, L. (Evening Primrose.) 

CE. biennis, L. Dry fields, very common. 

CE. sinnata, L. Old fields, M. 

CE. fruticosa, L. Open fields, not common. 

CE. linearis, Michx. Camden. (Canby.) 

CE. chrysantha, Michx. Mer. (Dr. Torrcy.) 

CE. pumila, L. M. (Dr. Torrey) 

Ludwigia, L. : .fe.) 

L. alternifolia, L. Swamps and damp places, common. 

Li. hirtella, Raft Damp places among the pine forests of 0. and M. 

L. sphavocarpa, Ell. Wet places in M., m-ar Freehold. 

Li. linearis, Walt Wet places, Freehold, M. 

L. palustris, Ell. Ditches, common. 

Order 40. MELASTOMACE51. Mki.astoma Family. 

Rhexia. I.. <\< -Meadow-Beauty.) 

R. \ Sandj swamps, common. 

R. Mariana, L. Sand; rare. 

Lythrum I.. 

L». uneare. L in M.. 0.. and Mid. 


Nesaea, Commerson, Juss. (Swamp Loose-strife.) 

N. verticillata, H. B. K. Low swamps, common. 

Order 43. CACTACEiE. Cactus Family. 
Opuntia, Tourn. (Prickly Pear — Indian Fig.) 

O. vulgaris, Mill. Sandy fields, Point Pleasant, Toms River, 0. 
Also in M., southeastern part. 

O. Rafinesquii, Engelm. Dr. Porter, of Lafayette College, writes me 
that he thinks tlie Opuntia of New Jersey is not vulgaris, and doubts that 
O. vulgaris is found so far north. Dr. Engleman writes me that speci- 
mens that he has seen from New Jersey are Rafinesquii. Dr. Gray writes 
that he does not doubt that vulgaris may be found in New Jersey. Dr. 
Torrey puts it down both in New Jersey and New York. Dr. Lockwood 
furnished me with specimens from the vicinity of Matawan, which I have 
growing, and which I am sure are Rafinesquii. 

Order 45. CUCURBITACEJE. Gourd Family. 
Sicyos, L. (One-seeded Star-Cucumber.) 

S. angulatus, L. Waste shady places, not common. 

Melothria, L. (Melothria.) 

M. pendula, L. W. {Knighton.) 

Order 4G. UMBELLIFERJE. Parsley Family. 
Hydrocotyle, Tourn. (Water Pennywort.) 

H. Americana, L. Banks of Shark River, M., rare. 

H. umbellata, L. Point Pleasant, O., rare. 

Var. ambigua. Cape May. {Canby.) 

H. interrupta, Muhl. Cape May. {Canby) 

Sanicula, Tourn. (Sanicle — Black Snakeroot.) 

S. Canadensis, L. Damp, rich woods, Princeton and Hightstown, 
Mer., Freehold, M., and near New Brunswick, Mid. 

S. Marilandica, L. Meadow woods near Squan, not common. 

Eryngium, Tourn. (Eryngo.) 

E. Virginianum, Lam. Toms River, 0., Squan Village, rare. 

Daucus, Tourn. (Carrot.) 

D. carota, L. Cultivated fields, too common. 

Heracleum, L. (Cow-Parsnip.) 

H. lanatum, Michx. About Freehold, not common. 

CATAl.O'ili: OF l'i.AN re. •.'.; 

Pastinaca, Tourn. (Parsnip.) 

P. -at i\ ;i. I.. Fields, near dwellings, too common, 

Archemora, DC. (Cowbane.) 

A rigida, DC. Bandy swamps, common. 

Archangelica, Eoffm. (Archangelica.) 

A. hirsnta, Torr. and Qray. Dry, open woods, not rare. 

A. atropurpnrea, Hoffm. Damp woods about Freehold. 

Thaspium, Nutt. (Meadow-Parsnip.) 

T. barbinode, Nutt. Shady banks, Prospertown, 0., about Prince. 
Ifer., rare. 
T. anrenm, Nutt. Copses and shady banks, near Princeton, rare. 

Zizia, DC. 

Z. integerrima, DC. Sliady banks and open woods, rare. 
Z. cordata. Koch. W. | Knighton.) 

Bupleurium, Tourn. (Thorough-wax.) 

B. rotundi folium, L. Mer. (Dr. Torrcy) 

Discopleura, DC. (Mock Bishop-weed.) 

D. capillacea, DC. Near >alt water, not rare. 

Cicuta, L. (Water-Hemlock.) 

C. maenlata, L. Damp meadows and banks of brooks. 

C. bnlbifera, L. Wet places about Freehold, M., and Hightstown, 

Sium, L Wate Parsnip.) 

B. lb hi. M. [Dr. Torrey.) 

S. latifoiium, L. Freehold, fret places. 

Cryptotaenia, DC. (Hone-wort.) 

swamps about Freehold. 

Osmorrhiza, Rat 

O. bn I N '. Ri< b town, M., rare. 

Conium, L Hemlock.) 

C ' ii.i, L. 


OiiDKit 47. ARALIACE^G. Ginseng Family. 
Aralia, Tourn. (Ginseng — Wild Sarsaparilla.) 
A. Bpinosa, L. Cultivated for ornament. 
A. racemosa, L Cultivated in gardens, not wild here. 
A. liis]»ida, Michx. Bandy pine barrens, rather rare. 
A. nudicaulis, L. Shady thickets, not rare. 
A. trifolia, Gray. Woods near Freehold, M., rare. 

Panax, L. 

P. trifolium, L. Woods, Hightstown, Freehold. 

Order 48. CORNACE.2E. Dogwood Family. 
Cornus, Tourn. (Cornel — Dogwood.) 

C. Canadensis, L. Camden. {Canity.) 

C. rlorida, L. This, with all the species growing in the State, are 
beautiful plants and bear transplanting well. Copses and open woods, 
not rare. 

C. circinata, L'Her. Thickets, Mer. and M. 

O. seriaca, L. Fence-rows and thickets. 

C. stolonifera, Michx. Wet banks of streams, common. 

C. paniculata, L'Her. Along fence-rows about Freehold. 

C. alternifolia, L. Fence-rows and thickets. Freehold and Hights- 

Nyssa, L. (Tupelo — Pepperidge — Sour-Gum Tree.) 
N. multiflora, Wang. Damp soil, common. 

Order 49. CAPRIFOLIACE^I. Honeysuckle Family. 
Symphoricus, Dill. (Snowberry.) 

S. racemosus, Michx. About Freehold. 
S. vulgaris, Michx. (Dr. Torrey.) 

Lonicera, L. (Honeysuckle — Woodbine.) 

It. sempervirens, Ait. Mer., near Princeton. 
L. grata, Ait, W. (Knighton.) 
L. ciliata, Muhl. \Y. (Knighton.) 

Triosteum, L. (Fever- wort — Horse-Gentian.) 
T. perfoliatum, L. Borders of woods, rare. 

Sambucus, Tourn. (Elder.) 

S. Canadensis, L. Rich soil, common. 

Viburnum, L. (Arrow-wood — Lauristinus.) 

V. Lentago, L. (Sheep-berry— Nanny-berry.) All the species in this 

< a i \: OQUE OP pi. a \ 

htly objects for the lawn. Sparingly found throv 
the middle coin I 

V. prnnifolium, 1^ Fence-rows, not rare. 

V. nudum. L, Sandy BWlmps, common. 

V. dentatam, L. Wei places, common. 

V. ]•'. Push. Hills near Princeton. 

V. ■cerifolinm, L. Sparingly throughout the State in damp woods. 

Order 50. RUBIACEiE. ALlddkb Family. 
Galium, L. (Bedstraw — Clean 

G. Aparine, L. Nt-ar Freehold; damp woods. 

G. ■sprellum, Michx. Shady places and damp woods, Freehold* 

G. triridum, L. Damp places, common. 

G. trirlorum. liichx. Rich wood-lands, common. 

G. pilosnm, Ait. Dry, open woods, not rare. 

G. rircsesans, Michx. Damp, rich woods, common. 

G. lanceolatum, Torr. Near Freehold, M., and Hightstown, Mer. 

G. boreale, L. Princeton, woods, Mer. {Dr. Tumy.) 

Diodia, L. (Button-weed.) 

D. teres, Walt Sandy fields and road-sides, common. 

Cephalanthus, L. (Button-bush.) 

C. occidentalis, L. Wet banks, common. 

Mitchella, L. (Partridge-berry.) 

M. repens, L. Damp woods and road-sides, common. 

Oldenlandia, Plumier, L. (Oldenlandia.) 

O .-omerata, Michx. Near Shark River, M., rare. {Knieskern.) 

Houstonia, L. (Houstonia.) 

H. ceralea, L. Camden. {Canby.) 

Ordkb 62. DIPSACEiE. Tkasf.i. Family. 
Dipsacus, Tourn. (Teasel.) 

D - • rtris, Mill. Road-sides, rare in the middle counties, but 
common in W. [Knighton.) 

COMPOSITE. m: Family. 

Vernonia, Bchreb. (Iron-weed.) 

V N Will.l. Wet meadows, common. 

Vat. alba.^vith wl. r Freehold, M. 

Sclerolepis, Can. (Sclerolepis.) 

lata, Cass. P. by.) 


Liatris, Schreb. (Button Snakeroot— Blazing-Star.) 

L. squarrosa. Willd. W. {Knighton.) 

la. spicata, Willd. Salt meadows, near Squan, M., Point Pleasant, 
()., rare. 

L. graminifolia, Willd. Near Keyport, M. 

Var. dubia, Gray. Damp pine barrens, 0., not rare. 

Kuhnia, L. (Kulinia.) 

Ij. eupatorioides, L. Camden. (Canby.) 

Eupatorium, To urn. (Thorough wort.) 

E. purpureum, L. Low grounds, common. 

E. hyssopifolium, L. Damp thickets about Freehold. 

E. leucolepis, Torr. and Gray. Swampy places, and wet meadows 
near Freehold. 

E. album, L. Dry and sandy fields, not rare. 

E. teucrifolium, Willd. Low grounds, common. 

E. rotundifolium, L. Dry soil, common. 

E. pubescens, Muhl. Borders of salt meadows near Manasquan, M. 

E. sessilifolium, L. Abo'ut Freehold, edges of damp places. 

E. resinosum, Torr. Damp pine barrens, near Manchester, 0., and 
about Freehold, M., rare. 

E. perfoliatum, L. Low grounds, common. 

E. ageratoides, L. Damp wood borders, Freehold, rare. 

E. aromaticum, L. Near Squan Village, M., and about Freehold, 

Mikania, Willd. (Climbing Hemp-weed.) 

M. scandens, L. Shady copses, wet places. 

Cor.oclinium, DC. (Mist-flower.) 

C. ccelestinum, DC. Rich soil, not common. 

Nardosmia, Cass. (Sweet Coltsfoot.) 

N. palmata, Hook. W. (Knigliton) 

Tussilago, Tourn. (Coltsfoot.) 

T. Farfara, L. Wet places, rare. 

Sericocarpus, Nees. (White-topped Aster.) 

S. solidagineus, Nees. Dry thickets, not rare. 
S. cony/.oides, Nees. Dry sandy places, common. 

Aster, \j. (Starwort— Aster | 

A. corynibosus, Ait. Common in damp woods in M., near Freehold 
and Colts Neck. 

A. macrophyllus, L. Colts Neck, M., not common. 

0ATA1 OGUB OP PL \ fi 27 

A. lladula, Ait. Damp COpseS, M»T. and M. 

A. snrcnlosns, fcOchx. M.,not common. 

A. Bpectabilis, Ait. Sandy Mi'd, not rare. 

A. oonoolor, L. Bandy places, common, 

A. patens. Ait. Dry soil, common. 

A. Isrris, l.. Woods abont Freehold, M. 

A. ondulatna, L. Along fenoee about Freehold, M. 

A. OQldifoliOB, L. Woods, common. 

A sagittifolins, Willi Princeton, rare. 
A. mnltiflorns, Ait. Boad-flidefl and fields, common. 
A. dnmosns, L Dry woods, common. 
A. Tradeecanti, L Woods and along fences, common. 
A. miser. L. Along fence rows about Freehold. 
A. simplex, Willd. W. {Kuiy: I 
A. longifolins, Lam. Freehold, common. 
A. panicens, L Freehold, common. 

A. Nove- Anglis, L. Along fences and borders of meadows, Free- 

A. nemoralis, Ait. Bogs, in barrens, not rare. 
A. flexnosns, Xutt. Salt marshes, common. 
A. linifolios, L. Woods, Mer. and M. 

Erigeron, L. (Fleabane.) 

E Canadense, L. Waste places, common. 

E. bellidifolium, Muhl. Dry woods and along fences, not rare. 

E. Philadelphicom, L. Rare. 

E. annuum, Pero. Sparingly in Mer., in pastures. 

E. Bftrigosnm, Muhl. Fields and waste places, common. 

Diplopappus. Cass. (Double-bristled Aster.) 

D linariifolios, Hooker. I ••ommon. 

D. ambellatus, Torr. and (J ray. Borders of woods, not rare. 
D. amygdalinns, Torr. and Gray. Low grounds, not rare. 
D cornifolias, DarL Dry woods, common. 

Solidago. I. rod.) 

S. sqnarrosa, Muhl. Dry m hold. 

S. bieolor, I.. [j, open woods, common, 

Near I >f salt meadows, Mid. and M. 

I.. Damp, shady w< ehold and Princeton, 

S ' D ' common. 

S ; 

W. A' 


E • on. 


S. patula, Muhl. Low grounds, Freehold. 

S. arguta, Ait. W. (Knighton.) 

S. linoides, Solander. Bogs, not common. 

S. altissima, L. Along fences and borders of woods. 

S. ulniifolia, Muhl. Low places, common. 

S. pilosa, Walt. Wet places in pine and oak woods, M. and O. 

S. odora, Ait. Dry, sandy woods and road-sides, very common. 

S. nemoralis, Ait. Dry fields, common. 

S. Canadensis, L. Borders of thickets and woods, common. 

S. serotina, Ait. Thickets and low grounds, common. 

8. gigantea, Ait. Borders of woods, Freehold. 

S. lanceolata, L. Borders of meadows and pastures, Freehold. 

S. tenui folia, Pursh. Common. 

Bigelovia, DC. (Rayless Golden-rod.) 

B. nudata, DC. Pine woods near Blue Ball, M. 

Chrysopsis, Nutt. (Golden Aster.) 

C. falcata, Ell. Near Toms River, in dry, sandy soil, rare. (Knies- 
kern.) Quaker Bridge. (Cariby.) 

C. Mariana, Nutt. Dry, sandy or gravelly soil, common. 

Inula, L. (Elecampane.) 

I. Helenium, L. Road-sides, rare in middle counties. Common in 
the north. (Knighton.) 

Pluchea. Cass. (Marsh-Fleabane.) 

P. camphorata, DC. Salt marshes, common. 

Baccharis, L. (Groundsel-Tree.) 

B. halimifolia, L. Not far from the sea, common. 

Silphium, L. (Rosin-Plant.) 
S. perfoliatum, L. 

Iva, L. (Marsh Elder — High water-shrub.) 

I. frutescens, L. Edges of salt marshes, Mid., M., and 0. 

Ambrosia, Tourn. (Ragweed.) 

A. ttifida, L. Rich, damp soil, rare. 

A. artcmis'nefolia, L. Fields, common everywhere. 

Xanthium, Tourn. (Cocklebur — Clotbur.) 

X. sirumarium, L. Near dwellings, not rare. 
Var. echlnatnm, Gray. Near sea-coast, not rare. 
X. spinosum, L. Keyport, M. 


Heliopsis, LVis. (Ox-eye.) 

H. hevis, Pits. Hanks mul copses, common. 

Rudbeckia, L. (Cone-flower.) 

R. laciniata. L. Thickets and along fences, not common. 
R. hirta. L. l>ry neldfi, not frequent in the middle counties, but 
common In W. {Knighton.) 

Helianthus, L. (Sunflower.) 

H. august it'olius, L. Low grounds, near the coast, common. 

H. gigantens, L. Low grounds, common. 

H. BtrnmoBos, I.. Along Btreams, not rare. 

H. divaricatus, L. Thickets and barrens, not rare. 

H. decapetalus, L. Borders of damp woods, rare. 

H. inultitiorus. L. \Y. (K/ii;/hton.) 

H. taberoens, L. Near ruins of dwellings, not rare. 

Actinomeris, Nutt. (Actinomeris.) 

A. Bqnarroea, Xutt. Paterson. (J. C. Uornblower.) 

Coreopsis, L. (Tickseed.) 

C. rosea, Nutt. Near Hightstown, Mer., wet places. 
C. trichoeperma* Michx. Wet places, common. 
C. discoidea, Torr. and Gray. Camden. {Cariby.) 

Bidens, L. (Bur-Marigold.) 

B. frondosa, L. Waste places, common. 
B oonnata, Muhl. Wet soil, common. 

B. cernoa, L. Damp, cultivated grounds, near Freehold. 

B. ehrysanthemoides, Michx. Wet places and swamps, common. 

B. bipinnata, L. Common. 

Helenium, L. (Sneeze- weed.) 

H. antomnale, L. Along the high banks of brooks and in the edges 
of damp meadows. 

Harota, Caee. May-weed.) 

M. Cotula, DC. Road-sides, very common. 

Anthemis, L. (Chamomile.) 

A. arrenaiBj L. Fields, not rare. 

Achillea, L. (Yarrow.) 

A. liilli (oil im, L. Fields and road-sides, common. 

Leucanthemum, Toon. 

L. vulgare, Lam. Fields and meadows, common. 


Tanacetum, L. (Tansy.) 

T. vulgare, L. Near dwellings, cultivated. 

Artemisia, L. (Wormwood.) 

A. caudata, Michx. Sandy soils near the coast, common. 

Gnaphalium, L. (Cudweed.) 

G. polycephalum, Michx. Very common. 

G. uliginosum, L. Ditches and road-sides, common. 

G. purpureum, L. Sandy soils, not rare. 

Antennaria, Gaertin. (Everlasting.) 

A. margaritacea, R. Br. Dry places near the coast, rare. W. 

A. plantaginifolia, Hooker. Sterile soil and banks, common. W. 

Filago, Tourn. (Cotton-Rose.) 

F. Germanica, L. Dry, barren fields, rare. 

Erechthites, Raf. (Fireweed.) 

E. hieracifolia, Raf. Waste places, recently burned grounds, com- 

Cacalia, L. (Indian Plantain.) 

C. suaveolens, L. Rich fence-rows, Freehold. 
O. atriplicifolia, L. Near Freehold. 

Senecio, L. (Groundsel.) 

S. vulgaris, L. W. (Knighton) 

S. aureus, L. Common about Freehold. 

Centaurea, L. (Star-Thistle.) 

O. Calcitrapa, L. Camden. (Canby.) 

Cirsium, Tourn. (Common or Plumed Thistle.) 

C. lanceolatum, Scop. Fields and road-sides, common. 

C. discolor. Spreng. Borders of thickets, Freehold. 

O. altissimnm, Spreng. Fields and copses, common, 

C. Virginianuni, Michx. Open grounds, M. 

C. muticum, Michx. Damp places, Princeton. 

C. pnmilum, Spreng. Old fields, common. 

C. horridulum, Michx. Meadows, both salt and fresh, not rare. 

O. arvense, Scop. (Canada thistle.) I have never seen this vile 
weed in any place in the State except in the Presbyterian churchyard, 
Freehold. Dr. Knighton reports it too prevalent in W. 

CATAI.nMi; 01 l'l.AM S, 81 

Onopordon, Yaill. (CottOO or Sooteh Thistle.) 

O. acantbium, I.. W. \ Knighton.) 

Lappa, Tourn. (Bard 

L. major, Qaert Rich .<oil and waste places, common. 

Cichorium, Tourn. (Succory or Chicoory.) 

C. intybus, L. Waste placea and road-aides, rare. 

Krigia, Bchreber. (Dwarf Dandelion.) 

K. Vlrginica, Willd. Dry waste places, common. 

Cynthia, Don. (Cynthia.) 

C. Vlrginica, Don. Moist bank?, ratbe-r rare. 

Leontodon, L., Jnss. (Hawkbit — Fall Dandelion.) 
L. auturunale, L. Freehold. 

Hieracium, Tourn. (I lawk weed.) 

H. Canadense, Micbx. Mor. {Porter.) 

H. Bcabrnm, Micbx. Dry, open woods, near the pines of M. 

H. Gronovii, L. Dry, open woods, Freehold. 

H. venosum, L. Dry woods, common. 

H. paniculatuni, L. Open woods, common. 

Nabalus. Cas& (Rattlesnake-root.) 

N. albus. Hook. Thickets and borders of woods. 
N. altissimns, Hook. Near Blue Ball, M., not common. 
N. Praseri, DC. Pines. (Canby.) 

N. virgstos, DC. (Sparingly scattered throughout the State ; it has 
the reputation of curing the bite of the rattlesnake. Pines. (Canby) 

Taraxacum, Haller. (Dandelion.) 

T. D Deal. Koad-sides and lawns, common. 

Lactuca, Tourn. (Lettuce.) 

L. elongata, Mubl. Rich soil, not rare. 

Mulgedium, ( ass. (False or Blue Lettuce.) 
M Floridannm, DC. Common In M. 

M. leucopbu-um, D< '. Wet grounds, common. 

Sonchus. !e.) 

S. oleraesas, L. Waste places, common. 
8. arveh-.-. L I .on. 


Order 54. LOBELIACE^. Lobelia Family. 
Lobelia, L. (Lobelia.) 

Ij. cardinalis, L. Low grounds, common. 

L. syphilitica, L. About Princeton, Mer., and Crosswicks, Burl., 
found sparingly in middle counties. Dr. Knighton reports it common in 

Ij. puberula, Michx. Freehold, Lawrenceville Landing, rare. 

L. inflate, L. Pasture fields, common. This is the celebrated 
lobelia of the Thompsonians. 

Ij. spicata, Lam. Damp, grassy places, near Hightstown, and W. 

Ii. Nuttallii, Roem. and Sch. Sandy swamps, common. 

L. Canbyi, n. sp. Batestown (Canby.) 

Order 55. CAMPANULACE2E. Campanula Family. 
Campanula, Tourn. (Bellflower.) 

C. rotundifolia, L. A pretty, delicate flower found in damp, grassy 
places, radical leaves, rotund, but frequently in such a state of decay as 
not to be found easily. Hightstown, and Princeton, not common. 

C. aparinoides, Pursh. Bogs and wet meadows, rare. 

Specularia, Heister. (Venus's Looking-glass.) 
S. perfoliata, DC. Dry fields, common. 

Order 56. ERICACEffi. Heath Family. 
Gaylussacia, H. B. K. (Huckleberry.) 

G. dumosa, Torr. and Gray. Sandy swamps, not very rare. 

G. frondosa, Torr. and Gray. 

G. resinosa, Torr. and Gray. Woods and swamps, common. 

Vaccinium, L. (Cranberry — Blueberry — Bilberry.) 
V. Oxycoccus, L. Peat bogs, very common. 
V. macrocarpon, Ait. Swamps in pines of M. 
V. stamineum, L. Dry woods, very rare. 
V. Pennsylvanicum, Lam. Dry hills and woods, common. 
V. vacillans, Solander. Borders of woods, M. 
V. corymbosum, L. Swamps, common. 
Var. atrocarpum. 

Arctostaphylos, Adans. (Bearberry.) 

A. Uva-ursi, Spreng. Pine barrens, common, O. 

Epigaea, L. (Ground Laurel — Trailing Arbutus.) 

E. repens, L. Sandy woods, common from the middle of the State 

cai LL0O1 B OB i'l.AN i 3, 

Gaulthoria, K;iim. (Aromatic Wintergreen.) 

G procumbens, L. Dry and damp woods, common. 

Leucothoe, Don. (Leucothce.) 

L. racemosa, Gray. Swamps, common. 

Cassandra, Don. (Leather-Leaf.) 

C. calyculata, l>"n. id swamps, common. 

Andromeda, L. (Andromi 

A. calyculata, L. W. {Knighton.) 
A. polifolia, L. Budd'a Lake, Mor. (Porter.) 
A. Mariana, L. Bandy places, common. 
A. lignstrina, Mohl. Bwampe, common. 

Clethra, 1.. .White Alder— Sweet Pepperbush.) 

C. alnifolia, L. Swamps and dry. Bandy soils, common. 

Zalmia. L. (American Laurel.) 

K. iatifolia. L. (Mountain Lanrd — Calico Bush — Spoon-wood.) This 
evergreen is one of the most beautiful objects of the forests throughout 
the middle and northern parts of the State; with care, it may be removed 
to the lawn. Its Bhowy tiowers in June, and its deep green foliage dur- 
ing winter, make it a most desirable object. W< o Is, common. 

The K. angnstifolia is also an evergreen, but the tiowers are incon- 
spicuous, and Leaves pale. 

K. angnstifolia, L. Damp places, swamps, common. 

K. glauca, Ait. Budd'a Lake, Mor. (Porter.) 

Azalea, L. (False Boneysuckle — Asa 

representatives in the State, which are great beau- 
and bear transplanting welL The A. viscosa is easily distinguished 
from the A. nudiflora, by its tticky How. 

A Sandy swamps, very common. 

A. nudiflora, L. Thickets, on hills, common. 

Rhododendron, L 

R. maximum, L. ireL) This beautiful shrub only needs 

the banks of the Delaware, 

from Bordentown, all aloo h Bier., and the northern count 

iwarc w No lawn should be without this object of 

t say it ii like K. Iatifolia, but much 


Leiophyllum, P< B Myrtle.) 

L. buxifblinaa B . damp barrens, 0., not nu 


Pyrola, Tourn. (Wintergrcen — Shin-leaf.) 

P. rotundi folia, L. Damp or shady woods, common. 
P. elliptica, Nutt. Damp woods, Freehold. 
P. chlorantha, Swartz. W. (Knighton.) Pines. (Canby) 
P. secunda, L. Shady, rich woods, Freehold. 
All the species of this genus are rare. 

Ohimaphila, Pursh. (Pipsissewa.) 

C. umbellata, Nutt. Dry woods, common. 

C. maculata, Pursh. Dry woods, common with the last. 

Monotropa, L. (Indian Pipe — Pine-sap.) 
M. uniflora, L. Shady woods, common. 
M. Hypopitys, L. Less common than the last, woods. 

Order 58. AQUIFOLIACE2E. Holly Family. 

Ilex, L. (Holly.) 

I. opaca, Ait. (American Holly.) This tree is found in M., sparingly. 
It has a wavy leaf, whose edge is armed with sharp thorns. Flowers in- 
conspicuous, berries red. It bears cultivation well, and is a beautiful ob- 
ject on account of its rich evergreen foliage. 

I. verticillata, Gray. Camden. (Canby.) 

I. laevigata, Gray. Pines. (Canby) 

I. glabra, Gray. Southern parts of M. and northern parts of O., near 
Squankum and Howell-works. 

Nemopanthes, Raf. (Mountain Holly.) 

N. Canadensis, DC. Swamps, O., and Budd's Lake, Mor. (Porter.) 
Pines. (Canby.) Rare. 

Order 59. EBENACEiE. Ebony Family. 

Diospyros, L. (Date-Plum — Persimmon.) 

D. Virginiana, L. Borders of woods, common, in middle counties. 

Order 62. PLANTAGINACEiE. Plantain Family. 

Plantago, L. (Plantain — Ribgrass.) 

P. major, L. Near dwellings, common. 

P. niaritima, L. Salt marshes, not rare. 

P. lanceolata, L. Fields and pastures, very common. 

P. Virginica, L. Sandy soil, not rare. 

P. pnsilla, Nutt. Dry fields and road-sides, not rare. 

C \ i ILOGUE OJ i'i.\ \ :;."> 

Statico, Tourn. (Sea-Lavender Marab Rosemary.) 

S. Llmonium, L. (Pride of the Salt Meadow.) This beautiful, showy 
little plant may well be called the pride of the meadow for it Is the most 
beautiful object that adorns the borders of our Bait marshes. U grows 
from one t<> two feel high, the whole top densely covered with pale l>lu- 
ish flowers. It is remarkable for retaining the color and life like appear- 
ance of the flowers In a dry state ; remaining unchanged In appearance 
for months after collection. It is frequently collected, the steins inserted 
in dry Band, and kept all winter as a parlor ornament. Salt marshes, 
not rare. 

Par. Caroliniana, Walt. Cape May. (Caiiby.) 

Order 64. PRIMULACEJE. Primrose Family. 
Trientalis, L. (Chickweed-Wintergreenj 

T. Americana, Pursh. Damp shady places, not rare. 

Lysimachia, Tourn. (Loosestrife.) 

L. thyrsitlora, L. Freehold, not common. 

L stricta, Ait. Low grounds, common. 

L. quadri folia, L. Damp places, common. 

L. ciliata, L. Freehold, low grounds and thickets, common. 

la. lanceolate, Walt. Common in damp places. 

Anagallis, Tourn. (Pimpernel.) 

A. arvensis, L. Waste, sandy fields, not common. 

Samolus, L. (Water Pimpernel — Brood- weed.) 
S. Yalerandi, L. 
Var. Americanus, Gray. Salt marshes, not rare. 

OBDEB •;") LENTIBULACEJE. Bladder-wort Family. 
Utricularia, L. (Bladder- wort.) 

U. Inflata, Walt. Stagnant pools, near Long Branch. 

U. vulgaris, L. Near Batontown, M. 

U. clandestina, Nutt. Freehold. 

U. r-triata, LeConte. About Upper Squankum, 

U. purpurea, Walt. Ponds, floating! not rare. 

U. cornuta, ftfichx. Peat bogs, common. 

U . . • L Bandy BwampSj rare. 

an found sp;u pi V. cornuta. 

Ordkb <;•;. bignoniaceje. BieKOHiA Family. 
Tecoma, Jnm (Tmmpet-flow( 

T. radican , i tivated, not rare. 


Catalpa, Scop., Walt. (Catalpa — Indian Bean.) 
O. bignonioides, Walt. Cultivated, common. 

Martynia, L. (Unicorn-plant.) 

M. proboscidea, Glox. Escaped from gardens, rare. 

Order 67. OROBANCHACE^]. Broom-rape Family. 
Epiphegus, Nutt. (Beech-Drops — Cancer-root.) 
E. Virginiana, Bart. Freehold, not common. 

Conopholis, Wallroth. (Squaw-root — Cancer-root.) 

O. Americana, Wall worth. Near the roots of trees in shady woods. 
Freehold. Reported common in M. and W. by Dr. Knighton. 

Aphyllon, Mitchell. (Naked Broom-rape.) 

A. uniflorum, Torr. and Gray. Thickets or shady woods, rare. 

Order 68. SOROPHULARIACEJG. Fig-wort Family. 
Verbascum, L. (Mullein.) 

V. Thapsus, L. Fields and road-sides, common. 

V. Blattaria, L. Waste places and fields, rather common. 

V. Lychnitis, L. W. (Knighton.) 

Linaria, Tourn. (Toad-Flax.) 

L. Canadensis, Spreng. Sandy soils, common. 
Ii. vulgaris, Mill. Road-sides, not rare. 

Scrophularia, Tourn. (Fig-wort.) 

S. nodosa, L. Along fences, rather rare. 

Chelone, Tourn. (Turtle-head — Snake-head — Balmony.) 

C. glabra, L. Grows in wet places. Flowers pure white, sometimes 
with a purplish tint. A rather coarse plant, but striking on account of 
its singular shaped flower. Rather common. 

Pentstemon, Mitchell. (Beard-tongue — Pentstemon.) 

P. pubescens, Solander. Princeton and Freehold, rare. 

Mimulus, L. (Monkey-flower.) 

M. ringens, L. Wet places, rare. 
M. alatus, Ait. Low grounds, rare. 

Gratiola, L. (Hedge Hyssop.) 

G. Virginiana, L. Wet places, common. 

G. aurea, Muhl. Shores of mill-ponds, common. 

G. pilosa, Miehx. Camden. (Canby.) 

C LTAL001 H <»r im.wts. 37 

Ilysanthes, Kaf. 

I. gratioloides, Benth. Wei places, rather rare. 

Veronica, I.. (Speedwell.) 

V. Virginica, L. Damp grounds, M., not rare. 

V. Anagallis, L, Bightstown, along streams. 

V. Americana, Bchro. New Egypt, 0., rare, 

V. Bcntellata, L. Damp grounds, Hightstown. 

V. officinalis, L, Road sides, common. 

V. serpyllifolia, L. Fields and road-sides, not rare. 

V. peregrina, L. Borden of fields, common. 

V. arvensis, L. Cultivated fields, rather common. 

V. Bpicata, L ESscaped from gardens, W. (Knighton.) 

Gerardia, L. (Gerardia— False Foxglove.) 

This genus has some very interesting members; among- the most 
strikii are the G. purpurea, whose delicate, showy, purple 

- are very pretty ; the Q. tlava and G. quercifolia, have large, 
Showy, yellow flowers, turning black when pressed. 

G. purpurea, L Damp places, common. 

G. maritime, Raf. Salt marshes, not rare. 

G. tenuifolia, Vahl. Dry soils, common. 

G. flava, L. Woods, Princeton, Freehold, Hightstown, common. 

G. quercifolia, Pursh. Dry woods, conmion. 

G. pedicularia, L. Dry, shady places, sandy plains, common. 

Castilleia, Minis. (Painted-Cup.) 

O. coccinea, Spreng. Found sparingly in M. and Mer. 

Schwalbea, Gronov. (Chaff-seed.) 

S. Americana, Tourn. Pines. (James.) 

Pedicularis, Tourn. (Louse- wort.) 

P. CanadensJ ; . L Hanks and copses, common. 

P. lanceolate, Biichx. Damp ground about Freehold, not common. 

Melampyrum, Tourn. (Oow-Wheat.) 

M. Americanum, Biichx. Open and shady woods, common. 

QBD] VERBENACEiE. Vervain" Family. 

Verbena, I.. (Vervain.) 

V. angustifolia, Biichx. Dry soil, rare. 

V. 1 

V. urtieifoiia. L. Road-sidei and waste places, common. 

v !.. i'..-: Is, waste plai i b, very rare. 

V. i Llnd. E on gardi i. I vighton.) 


Fhryma, L. (Lopseed.) 

P. Leptostachya, L. Rich copses, not rare. 

Order 71. LABIATiE. Mint Family. 
Teucrium, L. (Germander.) 

T. Canadense, L. Low grounds, rather rare. 

Trichostema, L. (Blue Curls.) 

T. dichot.omum, L. Camden. (Cariby.) 

T. lineare, Nutt. Sandy fields and barrens, not rare. 

Isanthus, Michx. (False Pennyroyal.) 

I. caeruleus, Michx. Freehold, not rare. 

Mentha, L. (Mint.) 

M. rotundifolia, L. Hunterdon, on the Delaware. {Porter.) 

M. viridis, L. Wet meadows, common. 

M. piperita, L. Brooks and low grounds, common. 

M. Canadensis, L. Damp places, road-sides, not common, 

Lycopus, L. (Water Horehound.) 

L. Virginicus, L. Moist, shady places, common. 

L. Europaeus, L. Damp, shady places, common. 

Var. sessilifolius, Gray. Toms River, 0. (Porter.) Atsion. {Cariby.) 

Var. sinuatus, Gray. M., not common. 

Cunila, L. (Dittany.) 

C. Mariana, L. Common. 

Pycnanthemum, Michx. (Mountain Mint — Basil.) 

P. aristatum, Michx. Pine barrens, not rare, O. 

P. incanum, Michx. Along fences and in rocky places, Princeton 
and Paterson, not common. 

P. Tonvyi, Benth. Dry hedge-rows and along fences about Free- 

P. lanccolatum, Pursh. Along fences and W\e borders of cultivated 
fields, rather common. Freehold, Paterson. 

P. linifolium, Pursh. Found growing with the last. 

Origanum, L. (Wild Marjoram.) 
O. vulgare, L. W. [Knighton!) 

Thymus, L. (Thyme.) 

T. Berpylifoliom, L. W. {Knighton.) 

C LTALOOUfl OP plants. ;VJ 

Calami nth a, Mosnch. M 'alaminth.) 

O. clinopodium, Benth. Open thickets, rather raze. 

Melissa, l .. i Balm.) 

M. officinalis, L Near dwellings, strayed from gardens. About 

Hedeoma, I\ts. (Mock Pennyroyal.) 

H. pnlegioidee, Pers. Etoad-sides, common. 

Collinsonia, L (Horse-Balm.) 

C. Canadensis, L, Rich, open woods, common. 

Salvia,!.. (Sage.) 

S. lyrata, L. Open woods and fields, common. 

Monarda, L. (Horse Mint.) 

M. didyma, L. Damp, open woods, not common. 

M. punctata, L. (Horse Mint.) Growing in dry, sandy fields in M., 
near Bine Ball ; in Mid., near Bpotswood and Old Bridge. Not common. 

Blephilia, Kaf. (Blepliilia.) 

B. riliata, Raff. W. (K/UjhtOfl.) 

Lophanthus, Benth. (Giant Hyssop.) 

L. sepetoides, Benth. Along fences and in the edges of woods, 

L. BcrophoJarisefolius, Benth. Borders of thickets, Freehold. 

Nepeta, L. (Ca1 Mint.) 

N. Cataria, L. Near dwellings, common. 

N. Glechoma* Benth. Vf ads, near dwellings, not rare. 

Physostegia, Brnth. (Fi -Head.) 

P. Virginiana, Benth. Wei haul. ms, rare. 

Brunella, Tourn. (Self-heal.) 

B v. i and fields, common. 

Bontellaria L Skullcap.) 

M >ld and Hightstown, frequ 

folia, I.. 1 »;iiiiii places, common. 

li\. W. ■ l\ 

. i.. w. 

!. w • • , -hady places, rare. 


Marrubium, L. (Horehound.) 

M. vnlgare, L. Waste places, common. 

Galeopsis, L. (Hemp-Nettle.) 

O. Tetraliit, L. W. {Knighton.) 

G. Ladanum, L. Near dwellings, rare. 

Stachys, L. (Hedge-Nettle.) 

S. palustris, L. Wet banks, not common. 

Var. aspera (S. aspera, Michx.). W. (Knighton.) 

S. hyssopi folia, Michx. Camden. (Cariby.) 

Leonurus, L. (Motherwort.) 

L. Cardiaca, L. Waste places, near dwellings, not rare. 

Lamium, L. (Dead-Nettie.) 

L. amplexicaule, L. Cultivated grounds, rare. 

Order 72. BORRAGINACE#2. Borage Family. 
Echium, Tourn. (Viper's Bugloss.) 

E. vulgare, L. George's Road, near cross-roads, Mid.; also in W. 

Symphytum, Tourn. (Comfrey.) 

S. officinale, L. Road-sides, near dwellings, not rare. 

Onosmodium, Michx. (False Cromwell.) 

O. Virginianum, DC. Near Hightstown, not common. 

Lithospermum, Tourn. (Cromwell — Puccoon.) 
L. arvense, L. Sandy banks, rare. 
L. officinale, L. W. (Knighton.) 

Myosotis, L. (Scorpion-grass — Forget-me-not.) 

M. palustris, Withering. Wet places, not rare. 
Var. laxa, Gray. Damp places, Jacksonville, M., not common. 

Echinospermum, Swartz. (Stickseed.) 

E. Lappula, Lehm. Damp places, Freehold. 

Cynoglossum, Tourn. (Hound's-Tongue.) 

C. olficinale, L. W. (Knighton.) 

C. Virginicum, L. Damp woods, Freehold, M. 

C. Morisoni, DC. Edges of damp meadows and along brooks, Free- 

; LL0G1 1: 01 PLA2S re. 41 

OBDKB 78. HYDROPHYLLACEiE. \\ \ i r.uu: af Family. 
Hydrophyllum. U (Waterleaf.) 

H. Vlrginicum, L. Damp woods, near Freehold. 

Ellisia, L iKIlisia.) 

E N l.. Batiks of Delaware, near Trenton. (Canby.) 

Phacelia, JuBS. 

P. Purshii, Buckley. W. (Knighton.) 

Ordeb 71. POLEMONIACEiE. Polemonium Family. 
Polemonium, Tourn, (Greek Valerian.) 
P ptans, I.. Belvidere. (Knighton.) 

Phlox, L. (Ph! 

P. paniculata, L. Hunterdon. (Knighton.) 

P. maculata, L, Near Princeton, Bier., W. (Porter.) 

P. piloea, L. Woodbury, G. (Canby.) Borders of woods, not com- 

P ibulata, L. Hunterdon and W. (Knighton.) 

Pyxidanthera, Michx. (Pyxidan{hera.) 

P. barbulata, Michx. A beautiful plant, common. 

Ordkb 75. CONVOLVULACEiE. Convolvulus Family. 
Ipomcea. L. (Morning-Glory.) 

I. purpurea, Lam. Camden. [Canty.) 

Lpandurata, Meyer. Sandy fields, Prospertown, O., rare. Reported 

dhod in W. by Dr. Knighton. 

Convolvulus, L. (Bindw. 

C. arrensis, L. Fields, n<-jir the coast, common. 

Calystegia, 11. Br. (Bracted Bindwei 

C. m j i; .. II. Br. Near Bquan Village, M., not rare. 

C. spithanusa, Pursh. Swamps in sandy places ; common in M. 

Bonamia. Thou 

B. Pickeringii, Gray. Pines. (Canby.) 

Cuscuta, Tourn. (Dodder.) 

C. Bpilinum, V not common, 
C. t.-ini • aim. Damp places, common, 
jrrich. Cape May. (Canby.) 


C. Gronovii, Willd. Damp meadow borders, not rare. 
C. compacta, Juss. Pines. (Canby.) 

C. glomerata, Choisy. On Compositae, not rare. 

Order 76. SOLANACEiE. Nightshade Family. 
Solanum, Tourn. (Nightshade.) 

S. Dulcamara, L. Around dwellings, Princeton and Hightstown. 
S. nigrum, L. Cultivated fields near dwellings, not rare. 
S. Carolinense, L. Phillipsburg. (Porter) 

Physalis, L. (Ground Cherry.) 

P. viscosa, L. Fields and road-sides, not rare. 

Hyoscyamus, Tourn. (Henbane.) 
H. niger, L. W. (Knighton.) 

Datura, L. (Jamestown-Weed — Thorn Apple.) 

D. Stramonium, L. (Jimson-Weed — Simon Pumpkin — Jamestown- 
weed — Thorn-Apple.) This weed is said to afford relief in asthma. 
The leaves are cured and smoked like tobacco. It is said to spring up on 
the top of heaps of earth taken from far below the surface in digging 
deep wells. Waste places, common. 

Order 77. GENTIANACE2E. Gentian Family. 
Sabbatia, Adans. (American Centaury.) 

S. lanceolata, Torr. and Gray. Pine barrens, O., common. 

S. angularis, Pursh. Dry grounds, M. 

S. stellaris, Pursh. Borders of salt marshes, Mid., M., and 0., com- 

S. chloroides, Pursh. Salt marshes, not rare. 

Gentiana, L. (Gentian.) 

A very pretty genus ; plants growing in damp grounds. G. crinita and 
G. quinqueflora, grow sparingly in M. and Mer. 

G. quinqueflora, Lam. Damp grounds, Freehold and Hightstown. 

G. crinita, Frcel. Wet places, Hightstown and Freehold and W. 

G. alba, Muhl. Hunterdon. (Knighton.) 

G. Andrewsii, Griseb. Shark River, not rare. 

G. Saponaria, L. Shark River, M., Freehold, Mer., Hightstown. 

G. angustifolia, Michx. Damp soil, very rare. 

Bartonia, Muhl 

B. tenella, Muhl. Moist, open places, not rare. 

01 ri.AN 1 . 

Obolaria, L (Obolaria.) 

O. Vlrginica, L Near Princeton and about Lawrenceville. A mtv 
curious and Interesting plant, not common. 

Menyanthea, Tourn. (Bnckbean.) 

M. trifoliate, L. Bndd'i Lake, Mor. (P&rUr.) 

Limnanthemum, (.imelin. (Floating Heart.) 
L. lacnnosnm, Qriaebach. Ponds, rare. 

OBDKB 7:'. APOCYNACEJE. Dogbane Family. 
Apocynum, Tourn. (Dogbane — Indian Hemp.) 

A. an.lro-Mini folium, L. Borden of sandy thickets, not rare. 
A. cannabinum. L. River banks, common. 

OBDEB v ". ASCLEPIAEACEiE. Milkweed Family. 
Asclepias, L. (Milkweed — Silk weed.) 

A. I ' in me. Fields and road-sides, rather rare in the mid- 

dles, count its. bnt Dr. Knighton reports it common in the north. 

A. phytolaccoides, Pursh. Hunterdon. {Knighton.) 

A. pnrpni W l-sides, Freehold. 

A. variegate, U Near Smithville, rare. 

A. qnadrifolia, Jaoq. Sparingly found in Mer. and M. 

A. incarnate, L. Wet grounds, common. 

A. obtnaifolia, Miehx. Sandy woods and fields, not rare. 

A. rubra, L. About cranberry swamps, M. and O. 

A. paupercula, Michx. Salt marshes, 0., not common. 

A. tnberoea, L. Dry fields, common. 

A . ■ rticillata, L. Freehold. 

Acerates, K!l. (Green Milkweed.) 

A. viridiflora, Fll. Dry pine woods, M. 

Obdkb 81, OLEACEiE. Olive Family. 
Ligustrum, T<.iirn. (Pr'r *. 

L not common. 

Chi onan thus, I. 

C ( ramps, not common. (Canby.) 


F. '. L i'rinceton. 

F " not rare. 

F. Freehold. 


Order 82. ARISTOLOCHIACEJE. Birth-wort Famtly. 
Asarum, Tourn. (Asarabacca — Wild Ginger.) 
A. Canadense, L. Woods near Freehold. 

Aristolochia, Tourn. (Birth-wort.) 

A. Serpentaria, L. Woods near Hightstown. 

Order 84. PHYTOLACCACE2E. Pokeweed Family. 
Phytolacca, Tourn. (Pokeweed.) 

P. decandra, L. New ground, common. M. and Mer. 

Order 85. CHENOPODIACEiE. Goosefoot Family. 
Chenopodium, L. (Goosefoot — Pigweed.) 

C. album, L. Fields and gardens, very common. 

O. urbicum, L. About dwellings, common. 

O. murale, L. Near dwellings, common. 

O. hybridum, L. Cultivated grounds, common. 

C. Botrys, L. Near dwellings, common. 

O. ambrosioides, L. Waste places, common. 

Var. anthelminticum, Gray. (Wormseed.) Waste places, common. 

Blitum, Tourn. (Blite.) 

B. niaritimum, Nutt. Salt marshes, rare, O. 

Atriplex, Tourn. (Orache.) 

A. hastata, L. Salt marshes, 0., not rare. 
A. arenaria, Nutt, Cape May. {Cariby.) 

Salicornia, Tourn. (Glasswort— Samphire.) 
S. herbacea, L. Salt marshes, common. 
S. Virginica, L. Cape May. (Canby.) 
S. ambigua, Michx. Salt marshes, less common. 

Suaeda, Forskal. (Sea Blite.) 

S. maritima, Dumortier. Salt marshes, not rare. Cape May. 

Salsola, L. (Salt-wort.) 

S. Kali, L. Sea shore, common. 

Order 86. AMARANTACEJE. Amaranth Family. 
Amarantus, Tourn. (Amaranth.) 

A. hyjHH-hondriaeus, L. Hunterdon and W. (Knighton.) 
A. retroflexus, L. Waste places, common. 

OAT \i.oi.ri: or r; \n is. 

A. albas, L Bos .•innnm. 

A. Bpinosus, L Waste placet and read-sides, ran-. 

Acnida, L (Water-Hemp.) 

A. cannahina, I.. Suit marshes, QOl common. 

Polygonum, I.. (Knotweed.) 

P. orientals, L Waste places, rare. 

P. Careyi, Olney. To: i Also, Atlantic. (Caaby) 

P. Pennsylvanicum, L Moist waste places, common. 

P. Persicaria, L. Waste places, common. 

P. Hydropiper, L. Damp wai common. 

P. hydropiperoides, Michx. Damp meadows and ditch-sides, com- 

F ampnibiam, L. Common in wet grounds, on the borders of brooks, 
and in the water, common. 

P. Vir^inianuin, L. Low, damp soil, common. 

P. articulatum, L. Dry. sandy soil, common. 

P. avi.nlai. . 1.. Everywhere common. 

turn and littorale. Comuiou, the last near the coast. 

P. Umne, Michx. Hills about Princeton. 

P. irifolium, L. Low grounds, common. 

P. Bagittatnm, L. Low grounds, common. 

P. Convolvulus, L. Waste places, common. 

P. rilinode, Michx. W. [Knighton.) 

P. dumetorum, L. Thickets, not rare. 

Fagopyrum, Tourn. (Buckwheat.) 

F. eeculentum, Moench. Cultivated fields, waste places. 

Rumex, L. (Dock — Sorrel.) 

R. verticillatus, L. Swamps, common. 

R. oispus, L. Waste and cultivated grounds, common. 

R. obtusifolms, L. Fields, common. 

R. sanguineus, L. Near dwellings, common. 

R. maritimns, L. Salt marshes, not r 

R. '. I pastures, too common. 

36 LAURACEJE. Lajkiii. Family. 
Sassafras. N Ehil rras.) 

£ *la, common. 

Iiindera, Thunlx-r^. (Wild > Fe r er- 1 

L ' ' - . r common. 


Order 91. SANTALACEiE. Sandalwood Family. 
Comandra, Nutt. (Bastard Toad-flax.) 

C. umbellata, Nutt. Sandy, open woods, not rare. 

Order 92. LORANTHACEiE. Mistletoe Family. 
Phoradendron, Nutt. (False Mistletoe.) 

P. flavescens, Nutt. (Mistletoe.) On the Nyssa, Mer., near Hights- 
town, not common. I have never seen this plant on pines. 

Order 93. SAURURACEJE. Lizard's-tail Family. 
Saururus, L. (Lizard's-tail.) 

S. cernuus, L. Borders of ponds and streams, O., abundant along 
Stony Brook east of Princeton. 

Order 94. CERATOPHYLLACEiE. Hornwort Familt. 
Ceratophyllum, L. (Hornwort.) 

O. demersum, L. In sluggish streams, common. 

Order 95. CALLITRIOHACEJE. Water-Starworts. 
Callitriche, L. (Water-Starwort.) 

C. verna, L. Bottoms of dried-up ponds, M. 

Order 96. PODOSTEMACEiE. River-weed Famili 
Podostemon, Michx. (River- weed.) 

P. ceratophyllus, Michx. Slow brooks, common. 

Order 97. EUPHORBIACEJE. Spurge Family. 
Euphorbia, L. (Spurge.) 

E. polygoni folia, L. Sandy sea-shore, common. Cape May. (Canby.) 

E. maculata, L. Cultivated grounds. A troublesome weed in the 
potato-fields of M. 

E. liypericifolia, L. Fields and meadows, rather rare. 

E. corollata, L. Sandy soil, common. 

E. Ipecacuanhas, L. Sandy soils in M. and O. This plant assumes 
many forms in foliage, and has a large root. 

E. Peplus, L. W. (Knighton.) 

Acalypha, L. (Three-seeded Mercury.) 

A. Virginica, L. Fields and open places, common. 
Var. gracilens, Gray. Sandy fields, quite common. 

Croton, L. (Croton.) 
C. capitatus, Michx. 

CATALOG! 1: 01 PLAJTCS. 1 '. 

Crotonopsis, Mirh\. (dotonop 

C. Linearis, Michx. Near Manchester, <>., and Sonthwark, rare 

Corema, Don. (Broom-Crowberry.) 

C. Conradii, Ton-. Borders ol pine woods, 0. and M. 


Umus, L. (Elm.) 

U. fulva. MidiK. M.. Bfer., ool rare. 

U. Americana, L. Etiver banks, rather rare. 

Cells, Tonrn. (Nettle-tree — Backberry.) 

>. ooddentalis, L. Banks of Tom's River, O., rare. 

Mors, Tonrn. (Mulberry.) 

I. rubra, L. Around dwellings, common. 
H. alba, L. \Y. (Knighton.) 

Urtic, Tourn. (Nettle.) 

TJ gracilis, Ait. W. (Knighton.) 
Udioica, L. W. (Knighton.) 

Laporja, (uiudichaud. (Wood-Nettle.) 

L...anadensis, Gaudichaud. Damp woods, M. (Dr. Torrey.) 

Pilea, Indl. (Richweed — Clearweed.) 
P. umila, Gray. W. (Knighton.) 

Boehmeia, Jaoq. (False Nettle.) 

B. clindrira, Willd. Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) 

Parietaia, Tourn. (Pellitory.) 

P. Eennsylvanica, Muhl. Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) 

Hunuks, L. (Hop.) 

I\ Knieskern pnta this down in his catalogue, hence, I presume, he baa 
Bee it growing without cultivation. 

OBDKB 100. PLATANACEiE. Pi.ank ti;i.i; Family. 
Pkanus, L. (Plane-tree—Bnttonwood.) 

P. ooddentalis, L. Hank.- 1 I mon. 




Ordeh 101. JUGLANDACE.K. Walnut Family. 
Juglans, L. (Walnut.) 

J. cinerea, L. Rich soil, banks of streams, rare in M., 0., and Bur. 
Common in the hills near Princeton. 

J. nigra, L. About dwellings and in fields. 

Oarya, Nutt. (Hickory.) 

C. alba, Nutt. Large tree, along fence-rows, Princeton. Not vei 

O. sulcata, Nutt. In open woods, Freehold, not common. 
C. tomentosa, Nutt. Rich woods, the common hickory. 
O. porcina, Nutt. Woods, Mer. and Mid., frequent. 
C. amara, Nutt. Woods, common. 

Okder 102. CUPULIFERiE. Oak Family. 

Quercus, L. (Oak.) 

Q. alba L. Rich soil, very common and valuable. 

Q. obtusiloba, Michx. Sandy soil, common. 

Q. bicolor, Willd. Hunterdon. {Knighton.) 

Q. Prinus, L. 

Var. monticola, Michx. Hilly woods, common. 

Var. acuminata, Michx. Mer. and M. 

Var. humilis, Marsh. Camden, pine woods. {Cariby.) 

Q. Phellos, L. (Willow Oak.) This tree is found in Mer., Mi<j, and 
M., sparingly. I think this is the northern limit of it. Dr. Torre puts 
it down in the New York flora as growing in Suffolk County, II. I 
have not seen any on the island and think if it was seen there > must 
have been in planted grounds. 

Since the above was written Miller and Young's catalogue h^ been 
published, and reports Q. Phellos growing in Suffolk County, N. 

Q. imbricaria, Michx. Woods, Mer. and Mid. 

Q. nigra, L. Dry, sandy soil, common. 

Q. ilicifolia, Wang. Pine barrens, common. 

Q. falcata, Michx. Point Pleasant, rather rare. 

Q. cocci iica. Wang. Woods, common in M. and Mer. 

Var. tinctoria, Bartram. Dry hills, not rare. Camden. (G 

Q. rubra, L. Hills and dry woods, common. 

Q. palustris, Du Roi. Wet grounds, sparingly found in Mer.,M., 
and Mid. 

Castanea, Tourn. (Chestnut.) 

C. vesca, L. Dry, sandy soil, not rare. 

Fagus, Tourn. (Beech.) 

F. ferruginea, Ait. Banks of Squan and Shark rivers and in Up|er 
Freehold, doI common. 

i'a i LL0G1 i: 01 i'l.A B 10 

Corylus, Tourn. i lla/.el-nut — Fill" 

C. Americana, Walt. Thickets and river banks, common. 
O. roetrata, Ait Her. [Dr. Torrey.) , 

Ostrya, Micheli. (Hop-Hornbeam— Iron-wood.) 

O. Virginica, Willd. Along streams and the borders of damp woods, 
not rare. 

Carpiuus, L. (Hornbeam — Eron-wood.) 

C. Americana, Michx. River banks, not rare. 

Obdeb 108. MYB1CACEIE. Sweet-Gale Family 
Myrica, 1.. (Bajberry — Wax-Myrtle.) 
M. Gale, L W. | Knighi 
M. cerifera, L. Dry, sandy soils, wry conimon. 

Comptonia, Solan.'.. - et-Fern.) 

C. asplenifolia, Ait. Dry, sandy soils, very common. 

Order 104. BETULACEiE. Birch Family. 
Betula, Tourn. (Birch.) 

B. lenta, L. Damp woods, M. and Mer. 
B. alba, Bpach. Poor soils, common. 

r. populifolia. W. | Knighton.) 
B. papyracea, Ait. W. [Knighton.) 
B. nigra, L. River banks, common. 
B. i)iimila, L. East of Pbillipsburg. (Porter.) 

Alnus, T«.urn. (Alder.) 

A. incana, "Willd. Budd's Lake, Mor. [Porter?) 

A b • rrulata, Ait. River banks and swamps, common. 

LDKH LOS. SALICACEiE. Willow Family. 
Salix, T-.urn. (Wi Br.) 

S. Candida, Willd. Wet pis 

8. • swamps. 

S b imilis, Marshall. Mer. and M. (Dr. Torrcy.) 

S discolor, MnhL W. [Knight . 

8. petiolaris, Smith. W, [Knighton?) 

s irdata, IfnhL Mer. [Dr. Jorreg.) 

S livida. Wahl. 

W, Porter.) 
Longifolia, Muni w. [Porter.) 

S. viminali-. I. W. \ Knig) 

8. lueida, MnhL Bndd's Lake, Mor. {.Porter.) 



S. nigra, Marshall. Damp borders of streams, common. 

S. Babylonica, Tourn. W. {Knighton.) 

S. myrti^loides, L. Budd's Lake, Mor. {Porter.) 

Populus, Tourn. (Poplar — Aspen.) 

P. tremuloides, Michx. Woods, not rare. 

P. grandidentata, Michx. Common in Mer. and M. 

P. arigulata, Ait. W. {Porter.) 

P. balsamifera, L. 

Var. candicans, Gray. (Balm of Gilead.) Not rare. 

P. alba, L. Common in northern parts of the State. {Knighton) 

Order 106. OONIFERJE. Pine Family. 
Pinus, Tourn. (Pine.) 

P. rigida, Miller. Both dry and wet soils. The most common 
species of this genus. 

P. inops, Ait. Sandy soils, M. and Bur. 

P. mitis, Michx. Dry, sandy soils, common. 

P. Strobus, L. Dry and damp soils, common in M. (Knieskern.) 

Abies, Tourn. (Spruce — Fir.) 

A. nigra, Poir. Hunterdon. {Knighton) Budd's Lake. {Porter) 
A. Canadensis, Michx. Shady borders of swamps, very rare. 
A. balsamea, Marshall. This tree, a few years ago, could have been 

found about Bordentown, but I presume it has escaped from planted in- 


Larix, Tourn. (Larch.) 

L. Americana, Michx. Mer., near Princeton. {Br. Torrey.) I have 
not seen this tree in the State outside of planted inclosures ; Dr. Knight- 
on reports it common in W. 

Thuja, Tourn. (Arbor Vitae.) 

T. occidentalis, L. W. {Knighton) 

Cupressus, Tourn. (Cypress.) 

C. thujoides, L. Swamps, O., very common. Also in M. and Mer. 

Juniperus, L. (Juniper.) 

J. communis, L. M. and Mer., rare. {Dr. Torrey.) 
J. Virgini&na, L. Fence-rows and along the coast, common through- 
out the State. Sports widely. 
J. Sabina, W. {Knighton) 

CATALOGUE 01 plants. 51 



Arisaema, Martins. (Indian Turnip — Dragon-Arum.) 

A. trij)hylluin, Torr. Shady ravin. « and river banks, rare, iu mid- 
dle oonnties, reported oommon in \V. {KnigfUon.) 

Peltandra, Kaf. (Arrow Arum.) 

P. Virginica, Kaf. Wet places and in water, not rare. 

Calla, L. (Water Arum.) 

C. pal nst ris, L. Budd's Lake, Mor. (Porter.) 

Symplocarpus, Salisb. (Skunk Cabbage.) 

S. foetidus, Salisb. Wet places, common. 

Orontium, L. (Golden-club.) * 

O. aquaticum, L. Swamps and in shallow streams, rare. Reported 
near Budd's Lake, Mor. (Porte)'.) 

Acorus, L. (Sweet Flag — Calamus.) 

A. Calamus, L. Borders of swamps, common. 

Order 108. LEMNAOE2E. Duckweed Family. 
Lemna, L. (Duckweed — Duck's-meat.) 

Li. trisulea, L. M. (Dr. Torrcy) 

L. minor, L. M. (Dr. Torrey.) 

L. polyrrhiza, L. M. (Dr. Torrey.) I have not seen any of this 
genus in the State. 

Order 109. TYPHACEiE. Cat-tail Family. 
Typha, Tourn. (Cat-tail Flag.) 

T. lati folia, L. Deep swamps or ponds, not rare. 

T. angusti folia, L. Borders of creeks near salt water, rare. 

Sparganium, Tourn. (Bur-reed.) 

S. simplex, Hudson. Shallow streams and pools, <-<>inmon. 


Naias, L. Naiad.) 

N. flexfll Sluggish brooks. 


Zannichellia, Micheli. (Homed Pondweed.) 

Z. palustris, L. Sluggish waters, not common. 

Zostera, L. (Grass- wrack — Eel-grass.) 

Z. marina, L. Barnegat bay, Squan and Shark rivers. 

Ruppia, L. (Ditch-grass.) 

R. maritima, L. Tom's River, in four feet water, rare. (Knieskem.) 

Potamogeton, Tourn. (Pondweed.) 

P. natans, L. Shallow water, not rare. 

P. Clavtonii, Tuckerman, Gently flowing streams, common. 

P. kybridus, Michx. Still waters, common. 

P. pulcher, Tuckerman. Tom's River. (Porter.) Also Atlantic City. 

P. lucens, L. Upper part of M., not common. 

P. perfoliatus, L. M. and Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) 

P. pauciflorus, Pursh. Slow running streams, not rare. 

P. Tuckermani, Bobbins. Atsion, Camden. (Canby.) 

P. pectinatus, L. M. (Dr. Torrey) 

P. Robbinsii, Oakes. Budd's Lake. (Porter.) 

Order 111. ALISMACE^E. Water-Plantain Family. 

Triglochin, L. (Arrow-grass.) 

T. maritimum, L. Wet grounds, M., not common. 

Scheuchzeria, L. (ScheuchZeria.) 

S. palustris, L. Budd's Lake, Mor. (Porter.) 

Alisma, L. (Water-Plantain.) 

A. Plantago, L. Along Stony Brook, near Princeton, common. 

Sagittaria, L. (Arrow-head.) 

S. variabilis, Engelm. Wet places, ponds, etc., common. Leaves 
vary from 3 in. to { an inch in width. 

S. heterophylla, Pursh. Camden, frequent. (Canby) 

Order 112. HYDROCHARIDACEiE. Frog's-bit Family. 
Limnobium, Richard. (American Frog's-bit.) 

L. Spongia, Richard. Swimming River, M., rare. 

Anacharis, Richard. (Water- weed.) 

A. Canadensis, Planchon. Sluggish streams, common. 

Vallisneria, Micheli (Tape-grass— Eel-grass.) 
V. spiralis. L. Slow rivers, not rare. 

C LTAL0G1 i: OF PLA2S I 3, DO 


Orchis, L (Orchis.) 

O. spectabilis, L Swamps in the pinei <>f M., south ol Freehold. 

Habenaria, W'illd.. K. Br. (Rein-Orchis.) 

H. tridentata. Hook. Cold, shady swamps, rare 

H Integra, Sprang. Wei places, oof common. 

H. cristata, R. Br, Atsion. (Cariby.) 

H. ciliaris. K. Br. Wet meadows, sparingly throughout the State. 

H. blephariglottiSj Hook. Swamps, common. 

H. laoera, R. Br. Damp wood edges, Hightstown. 
H. psycoides, Cray. Meadows. 

H. fimbriata, R. Br. W. {Knighton.) Budd's Lake. {Porter!} 
H. peramoena, Cray. Damp, low grounds, La wranceville, M. (Lan- 

Goodyera, R Br. (Rattlesnake-Plantain.) 

G. pubescens, R. Br. Rich woods near Hightstown and Freehold. 

Spiranthes, Richard. (Ladies' Tresses.) 

S. oernua, Richard. Wet meadows, common. 
S. gracilis, Bigelow. Sandy plains, common. 

Listera, R Brown. (Twayblade.) 

L >rdata, R. Brown. Mer. {Dr. Torrey.) 
L. australis, Lindl. Camden. {Canby.) 

Arethusa, Cronov. (Arethusa.) 

A. bulhosa, L. This beautiful plant is found sparingly in the 
swamps near Freehold. 

Pogonia, J nia.) 

P. ophii 9, Xutt. fi :iot rare. 

P. v.-nicillata, Nutt. Bare. This plant Mow. sparingly; 

rerad u locality, about half a mile east of Freehold, which con- 
tained from one to two hundred plants; and although I visited it through- 
out th< found bu1 

men in flow 

Calopogon, R. Br. (Calopogon.) 

C. pulehellua, R. Br. Bog?, common. 

Tipularia. v - De-fly Orcliis.) 

T tld, rare. 


Microstylis, Nutt. (Adder's-Mouth.) 

M. ophioglossoides, Nutt. Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) 

Liparis, Richard. (Twayblade.) 

L. lilii folia, Richard. Near Manchester, O., rare. 
L. Loeselii, Richard. W. (Porter.) 

Corallorhiza, Haller. (Coral-root.) 

C. odontorhiza, Nutt. Mer., near Princeton. 
O. multifiora. Nutt. Near Princeton. 

Cypripedium, L. (Lady's Slipper — Moccasin-flower.) 
O. parvifloram, Salisb. W. (Knighton.) 
C. pubescens, Willd. Damp thickets, near Englishtown, Mid. 

C. spectabile, Swartz. Wet places, Freehold, not common. 

0. acaule, Ait. Woods, not common. 

Order 115. AMARYLXIDACE2E. Amaryllis Family. 
Hypoxys, L. (Star-grass.) 

H. erecta, L. Dry woods and fields, common. 

Order 116. HiEMODORACEiE. Bloodwort Family. 
Lachnanthes, L. (Red-root.) 

Li. tinctoria, Ell. Sandy swamps near Manchester, 0., rare. 

Lophiola, Ker. (Lophiola.) 

Li. aurea, Ker. Sandy swamps, O., not rare. 

Aletris, L. (Colic-root — Star-grass.) 

A. farinosa, L. Dry or damp grassy places, common. 
A. aurea, Walt. About Freehold. 

Order 118. LRLDACEiE. Iris Family. 
Iris, L. (Flower-de-Luce.) 

1. versicolor, L. Wet places, common. 

I. Virginica, L. Marshes near the coast, not common. 

Sisyrinchium, L. (Blue-eyed Grass.) 

S. Bermudiana, L. Damp grassy places, common. 

Order 119. DIOSCOREACEJE. Yam Family. 
Dioscorea, Plunder. (Yam.) 

D. villoma, L. Swamps, rot rare. 

\ I LLOGtJE OP i'l. \ \ i 3. 

Smilax, Tonrn. (Greenbrier — Catbrier.) 
S. Walter!, Pursh. Camden. {Cfariby.) 
S. rotnndifolia, L. Woods and "lamp thickets, common. 
I m quadrangularis. 
S. glanca, Walt. Common in M. and lier. 

S. hispida. Muhl. Hunterdon and W. | Kniifhton.) 

S. Psendo-China, U Waste gronndfl, common. 
S. laurifolia. I.. Pine woods of Booth Monmouth. 
S. herbacea, L. Damp grounds, common. 

S. tainnifolia, Michx. Open fields and .-diady places, not rare. 

Ordkb 121. LLLIACEJE. Lily Family. 

Trillium, L. (Three. leaved Nightshade.) 
T. erectum. L. W. [Knighton.) 
T. cernnnm, L. Moist woods, Freehold. 

Medeola, GtronOY. (Indian Cucumber-root.) 

M. Virginica, L. Rich, shady woods, rather rare. 

Melanthium, Gtronov., L. (Melanthium.) 

M. Virginicnm, L. Wet meadows, rather rare. 

Zygadenus, Michx. (Zyg-adene.) 

%Z. leimanthoides, Gray. Wet meadows, rather rare. 

Veratrum, Tourn. (False Hellebore.) 

V. viride, Ait. Low grounds, not common, M. 

Amianthium, ( J ray. (Fly-Poison.) 

A. i uin, Ghray. Bier. (Dr. Torrcy.) 

Xerophylluxn, Mich hyllum.) 

X. aephodeloidea, Xutt. Pine barrens, more common in 0. 

Helonias, L. | Beloi 

H bollat Swamps near Freehold and Camden, very rare. 

Chamaelirium, Willd. (Devils-Bit.) 

..'••uni, <ir r ey) 

Tofieldia, Hud 

T •. Near Manchester, In a swamp, i 


Uvularia, L. (Bell wort.) 

U. perfoliate^ L. I);unp grounds, common. 

U. sessili folia, L. Dam]), shady places, not rare. 

Convallaria, L. (Lily of the Valley.) 

C. majalis, L. Damp grounds in borders of thickets, Freehold. 

Smilacina, Desf. (False Solomon's Seal.) 

S. racemosa, Desf. Shady copses, not rare. 

S. stellata, Desf. Borders of meadows along brooks, Freehold. 

S. trifolia, Desf. Shady places, very rare. 

S. bifolia, Ker. Damp, open woods, common. 

Polygonatum, Tourn. (Solomon's Seal.) 

P. biflorum, Ell. Along fences and waste places, not rare. 
P. giganteum, Dietrich. Rich soil on river banks, common. 

Asparagus, L. (Asparagus.) 

A. officinalis, L. Waste places along the coast, not common. 

Lilium, L. (Lily.) 

L. Philadelphicum, L. Open copses, not rare. 

li. Canadense, L. Moist bogs and meadows, not common. 

Li. superbum, L. Rich, low meadows, common ; a fine, showy 

Erythronium, L. (Dog's-tooth Violet.) 

E. Americanum, Smith. Along brooks, not rare. 
E. albidum, Hunterdon. {Knighton) 

Oruithogalum, Tourn. (Star-of-Bethlehem.) 

O. umbellatum, L. Damp meadows, Squankum, M. 

Allium, L. (Onion — Garlic.) 

A. cernuum, Roth. Fields, too common. 
A. vincale, L. Common in pastures. 

Hemerocallis, L. (Day-Lily.) 

H. fulva, L. Cultivated or waste places, rare. 

Narthecium, Momring. (Bog-Asphodel.) 
N. ossifragum, Huds. 
Y<<r. Americanum. Vhw barrens and swamps. (Canty.) 

Order 122. JUNCACEiE. Rusn Family. 
Luzula, DC. (Wood-rash.) 

L. campestris, DC. Dry fields and woods, rather common. 


Junciis, L (Hush — Hog-rush.) 

J. effusus, L. Wet meadows, common. 

J. marginatas, Rostkovius. Low grounds, M, (Dr. Torre//.) 

J. bufonius, L. Road-sides in we1 planes, common, 

J, tennis, WilM. Low grounds, Mer. (Dr. Torroy.) 

Par. secundus, Eng. W. (Porter.) 
J. dichotomns, BUI. South Jersey. (Canby.) 
J. pelocarpus, E. Meyer. Mor, (Porter.) 

Var. Bubtilis. Mor. (Porti r.) 

J. militaris, BigeL Near Manchester, O., not common. 

J. acuminatns, Michx. 

Var. debilis. South Jersey, (Canby.) 

Far. legitimrts. South Jersey. (Canby.) 

J. nodosus, L. Wei and swampy ground, M. (Dr.Torrey.) Gravel- 
ly hill-sides, W. (Knighton.) 

J. BCirpoides, Lain. Wet borders of streams, not rare. 
J. Canadensis, J. Gay. 

Voir, longicaudatus. South Jersey. (Canby.) 
J. asper, Engelm. South Jersey. (Canby) 

Order 128. PONTEDERIACEiE. Pickerel-weed Family. 
Pontederia, L. (Pickerel-weed.) 

P. cordata, L. Shallow water, not rare. 

Heteranthera, Ruiz and Pav. (Mud-Plantain.) 

H. reniformis, Ruiz and Pav. Muddy places, Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) 

Schollera, Schreber. (Water Star-grass.) 

S. graminea, Willd. Slow streams, Mer. 

Order 124 COMMELYNACEiE. Spiderwort Family. 
Tradescantia, L. (Spiderwort.) 

T. Virginica, L. Waste places, not common. 

Order 126. XYRIDACEJE. Yellow-eyed Grass Family. 
Xyris, L. (Yellow-eyed Grass.) Boggy pastures. 

X. flexuosa, Mnhl. South Jersey, boggy pastures. (Canby.) 
X. torta, Smith. South Jersey. (Canby.) 
X Caroliniana, Walt. Sandy swamps, quite common. 
X. fimbriata, Kll. Pine barrens near Manchester, O., rare. 

Eriocaulon, ]. rt.) 

E. decangulare, L. Pine barren Bwamps, common. 

B. gnaphs shx. S<> . (<.'an'>y.) 


E. septangulare, Withering. Ponds, or the borders of them, not 
rare, O. 

Order 127. CYPERACEiE. Sedge Family. 
Cyperus, L. (Galingale.) 

C. flavescens, L. Low grounds, near Good-Luck Point, 0., very 
rare. (Knieskern.) 

C. diandrus, Torr. Low grounds, common. 

Var. castaneus, Torr. With the former, common. 

O. Nuttallii, Torr. Common near salt or brackish water. 

O. dentatus, Torr. Sandy swamps, common near the coast. 

C. phymatodes, Muhl. Camden. (Canby.) 

C. strigosus, L. Low and rich grounds, common. 

C. Michauxianus, Schultes. Wet, shady places, common. 

C. Grayii, Torr. Barren, sandy soil, near the coast. 

C. filiculmis, Vahl. Barren, sandy soils, not rare. 

C. ovularis, Torr. Sandy fields and road-sides, common. 
O. retrofractus, Torr. Old fields, near Hightstown. 

Dulichium, Richard. (Dulichium.) 

D. spathaceum, Pers. Borders of ponds, swamps. 

Fuirena, Rottboll. (Umbrella-Grass.) 

F. squarrosa, Michx. Salt marshes, Tom's River, O., rare. Pines 
of South Jersey. (Canby.) 

Var. pumila, Torr. Near Shark River, M., rare. 

Eleocharis, R. Br. (Spike-Rush.) 

E. Robbinsii, Oakes. M. and Quaker Bridge. (Canby.) 

E. tuberculosa, R, Br. Wet, sandy places, not far from the sea- 
coast, common. 

E. obtusa, Schultes. Muddy places, not common. 

E. olivacea, Torr. Wet, sandy places, common. 

E. palustris, R. Br. South Jersey, common. (Canby.) M. and O. 
(Dr. Torrey.) 

E. intermedia, Schultes. Wet banks, M. and 0. 

E. microcarpa, Torr. Pine forests, M. and O. 

E. tenuis, Schultes. Swamps and wet places, common. 

E. melanocarpa, Torr. Sandy swamps, M. and Quaker Bridge. 

E. tricostata, Torr. Near Quaker Bridge and Webb's old field, the 
northern limit of this plant, rare. O. (Knieskern and Canby.) 

E. adcularla, R. Br. Muddy borders of ponds, common. 

E. pygmaoa, Torr. Edges of salt meadows, M. and O. 

. a i ai .Miii: OF ri.w i-. 59 

Scirpus, L (Bulrush or Club Rash.) 

S. Bubterminalis, Torr. Slow running streams, rare, 0. 

S. pungens, Vahl. Borders of sail and fresh water, common 

B. Olneyi, Gray. Suit marshes. Tours River, <>., and near Bquan 

Village, M . rare. 

S. validns. \'ahl. Fresh water ponds, common. 

S. debilis, Purah. Swamps, M. and Mm-. {Dr. Torrcy.) 
B. Smithii, n. sp. Camden. (Oahbff.) 
S. maritimns, L. Salt meadows, common. 

S. Kriophornm, Michx, Wet meadows and swamps, common. 

Eriophorum, L. (Cotton-Grass.) 

E. Virginicum, L. Bogs and wet places, common. 

E. polystachyon, L. Peat-bogs, not common. 

Fimbristylis, Vald. 

F. Bpadicea, Vahl. Salt marshes, common. 

F. antnmnalis, Roem. and Bchnlt. Low grounds, common. 
F. capillaris, Gray. Dry barren and sandy fields, common. 

Dichromena, Richard. (Dicliromena.) 

D. leucocephala, Michx. Wet places among the pine forests, M. 
and O. 

Rhynchospora, Willi. (Beak-Rush.) 

R. cymosa, Nutt. Damp grounds near Newberry Pond, on Com- 
modore Stockton's farm, Squan, M., rare. (Knieskern.) Also in W. 

R. Torreyana, Gray. Damp grounds and road-sides, O., rare. 

R. fnsca, Ream, and Bchnltes. Swamps near Manchester, O., abun- 

R. L r ra'-ilt-nta. Gray. Low, Bandy swamps, common. 

R. pallida, M. A. Curtis. Ataion. 

R. alba, Vahl. Cranberry bogs, common. 

R. Knieskernii, Carey. Paint-Hollow, on bog-iron-ore beds, two 
from Mam jville, rare. (Knieskern.) 

R glomerata, Vahl. Low grounds, everywhere common. 

R eephalantha, Torr. Bogs near Manchester, <)., v.-ry rare. 
R macrostachya, Torr. Beaverdam, Man 

Cladium, P. B I :sh.) 

C | mon near t] 

Scleria, I. \'i- \l . 

S. tr | and ratlnr dry soils, common. 


S. laxa, Torr. Paint-Hollow, near Manchester, 0. 

S. pauciflora, Mulil. Near Shark River, M. Dry upland, rare. 

Carex, L. (Sedge.) 

C. polytrichoides, Mulil. South Jersey, common. (Canby.) 

C. Willdenovii, Schk. On the Delaware, Hunterdon. {Porter.) 

O. bromoides, Schk. Hunterdon. {Knighton.) 

O. teretiuscula, Good. Budd's Lake, Mor. {Porter.) 

C. vulpinoidea, Michx. Low meadows, common. 

C. stipata, Mvrhl. Swamps and wet meadows, common. 

C. cephalophora, Muhl. Meadow-woods near Squan Village, M., 

C. Muhlenbergii, Schk. Dry, sandy fields, rare. 

C. rosea, Schk. Meadow-woods near Squan Village, M., not com- 

O. retroflexa, Muhl. Meadow-woods near Squan Village, M., rare. 

O. tenella, Schk. Budd's Lake, Mor. {Porter) 

C. trisperma, Dewey. Shady swamps near Manchester, very rare. 

C. canescens, L. Marshes and wet meadows, common. 

Var. vitilis. Buddstown, Bur. (Canby) 

C. exilis, Dewey. Low swamps, Manchester and Burrsville, O. 
Near Shark River, M. Abundant in some localities. Also Absecum. 

C. sterilis, Willd. Wet places, common. 

C. stellulata, L. Wet meadows and marshes, common. 

Var. scirpoides, in similar localities, common. 

Var. angustata. Marshes, common. 

C. scoparia, Schk. Low meadows and swamps, very common. 

C. fcenea, Willd. Wet places, common near the coast. 

Var. sabulonum, Atlantic City. {Canby) 

C. straminea, Schk. Dry fields and along fences, rather rare. 

Var. moniliformis, Tuckermann. Occurs on the coast, common. 

O. alta, Torr. Atlantic City. {Canby.) 

O. stricta, Lam. Swamps and wet meadows, common. 
This is the C. acuta of Muhlenberg, and American authors. 

C. salina, Wahl. On the banks of a branch of Tom's River, two 
miles northeast of Manchester, O., where it is abundant. This species is 
included with some hesitation, but it compares very well with my speci- 
mens of this plant from Sweden. {Knieskern.) 

C. erinita, Lam. Wet meadows and streams, a variable species, 

C. Barrattii, Schw. and Torr. Borders of swamps and marshes, com- 
mon about Manchester, 0., but rare elsewhere, a variable but very fine 

C. livida, Willd. Occurs in abundance and perfection in swamps 
about Manchester, 0.,a fine species. 

C. pallescens, L. Meadows, New Egypt, O., very rare. 

CATALOGUE 0* plan PS. 81 

O. grisea, Wahl. (C. Laxiflora, Bchk.) tfen Egypt, 0., rare. 
I mutica, i 'a ivy. Near Eornerstown, 0., on up hind. 
C. Firescens, Muhl. Meadows, pastures, and woods, common. 
C. triceps, Michx. Damp meadows, not very common. 
O. digitalis, Willd. Squan, dump soils, wn rare, 
C. Laxiflora, Lam. 

Viir. striatula, Carey. Damp, shady places, common. 

\ patulifolia, Dewey. Shady places. A very variable .species as 
to siae and form of leaves, etc. 

C. ombellata, Bchk. Dry, sandy fields, common. 
C. Novae-Anglis, Bchw. open plains and hill-sides. 

C. Emmonsii. Pew. South Jersey, a fine Bpecdes. (Catlby.) 

C. Pennsylvania, Lam. Dry, open barrens and hills, common. 

O. miliacea, Muhl. South Jersey. (Cariby.) 

C. glabra, Boott. Pines, South Jersey. (Canity.) 

C. debilis, Michx. Wei meadows and Bpringy hill-sides, common. 

C. lanuginosa, Michx. Wet meadows, near Squan tillage, M., rare. 

C. vestita, Willd. Slightly damp fields and open woods, rare. 

C. polymorpha, Muhl. (C. Halseyana, Dewey.) Borders pi swamps, 

C. striata, Michx. Wet places near Manchester, 0., not common. 

C. hystricina, Willd. Wet places, quite common. 

C. tentaculata, Muhl. Wet meadows, common. W., dry soils. 

C. intumescens, Rudge. Swamps and wet meadows, common. 

C. lupulina. Muhl. South Jersey. (Canby.) 

C. folliculata, L. Swamps and wet meadows, common. 

C. subulata, Michx. Cedar-swamps and borders of small streams, 
quite common. 

C. bullata, Schk. Wet meadows and swamps, not rare. 

Order 128. GRAMINEiE. Grass Family. 
Leersia, Solander. (White ' '• - 

Li. Virginica, Willd. Damp, shady places, not common. 

L. oryzoides, Swartz. (Rice Cut-grass.) Wet places, common. 

Zizania, Gronov. (Water or Indian Rice.) 

Z. aquatka, L. (Indian Rice — Water Oats.) Near salt water, com- 

Alopecurus, L. (Foxtail 

A. aristulatus, Michx. Mer. (Dr. Torrey) 

Phleum, L. (Oafs-tail On 

P. pretense, L. (Tmioth; " >ws, cultivated. 


Vilfa, Adans., Beauv. (Rush-Grass.) 
V. aspera, Beauv. Not common. 
V. vaginseflora, Torr. Borders of woods, rare. 

Sporobolus, R. Br. (Drop-seed Grass.) 

S. compressus, Kunth. M. {Dr. Torrey) South Jersey. {Cariby.) 
S. serotinus, Gray. Swamps, common. {Knieskern.) South Jersey. 


Agrostis, L. (Bent-Grass.) 

A. elata, Trin. South Jersey. {Cariby.) 

A. perennans, Tuckermann. M. {Dr. Torrey.) 

A. scabra, Willd. Not common. 

A. vulgaris, With. (Red-top.) Cultivated for hay and pasture. 

A. alba, L. (White Bent-Grass.) Damp places, rare. 

Cinna, L. (Wood Reed-Grass.) 

C. arundinacea, L. Shady places, rare. 
Var. pendula, Gray. South Jersey. {Cariby.) 

Muhlenbergia, Schreber. (Drop-seed.) 

M. sobolifera, Trin. Open woods, Freehold. 

M. glomerata, Trin. Swampy places, Freehold. 

M. Mexicana, Trin. Shady places, rare. 

M. sylvatica, Torr. and Gray. Shady places, along fences, rare. 

M. Willdenovii, Trin. Shady places, not common. 

M. diffusa, Schreber. Shady places, not common. 

Brachyelytrum, Beauv. 

B. aristatum, Beauv. Shady banks, near Shark River, not common. 

Calamagrostis, Adans. (Reed Bent-Grass.) 

O. Canadensis, Beauv. Low meadows, near Squan and Shark rivers, 
common, M. 

C. confinis, Nutt. Swamps, Mer., not common. 

C. Xuttalliana, Steud. Damp and shady places, rare. South Jersey. 

C. brevipilis, Gray. Moderately damp places, rare. 

O. arenaria, Roth. Sandy beaches and sand-hills. Useful in binding 
drifting sands together, common. 

Stipa, L. (Feather-Grass.) 

S. avenacea, L. (Black Oat-Grass.) Dry, sandy or gravelly, open 
woods, common. 

Aristida, L. (Triple-awned Grass.) 

A. dichotonia, Michx. Dry, sandy fields and road-sides, common. 


A. gracilis, Ell. Dry, Bandy woods and road Bides, common. 
A. porpnrascens, Poir. Sandy fields and road-Bides, not rare. 

A. tuberculosa, Nutt. Sandy soils, MiddletOWO, M., rare. 

Spartina, Bchreber. (Cord oi Marsh Grass.) 

S. polystachya, Willd., Muhl. (Sail Reed-Grass.) Salt or brackish 
marshes, within tide-water, common. 

S. junrea, Willd. Damp, sandy beaches and salt marshes, common. 
(K/ti<,«h\r/t.) (.'ape May. (Gbnty.) 

S. Btricta, Roth. 

Viir. glabra. Salt marshes, common. 

Yar. alternitiora. Cape May. (Canby.) 

Gymnopogon. Beauv. (Xaked-beard Grass.) 

G. raeemosns, Beauv. Sandy woods and pines of M. and 0. Also 
South Jersey. {Canby.) 

Eleusine, Gertn. (Crab-Grass — Yard-Grass.) 

E. Indica, Guertn. A troublesome weed in cultivated grounds, com- 

Leptochloa, Beauv. 

L. fascicularis, Gray. Edges of salt meadows, M. and 0. 

Tricuspis, Beauv. 

T. seslerioides, Torr. Dry, shady places, rare. 
T. purpurea, Gray. Dry, white sand, not common. 

Dactylis, L. (Orchard Grass.) 

D. glomerata, L. Cultivated, rare. 

Kceleria, Pers. (Kceleria.) 

K. cristata, Pers. Dry places, Freehold. 

Eatonia, Raf. 

E tuaata, Gray. Not common. 

E. IYnn<ylvanica, Gray. Damp wooded places, common. 

Glyceria, R. Br., Trin. (Manna-Grass.) 

G. I I, Trin. Bogs and wet places, not common. 

G • -a, Trin. Wet meadows and swamps, rather common. 

G : • ":*, Trin. W. • Common. 

G • :dlida, Tri-. - giah, shall-. , not rare. 

G Smith. Wei grounds, common. 

Q. flnitans, It. Hr. Wei pi oommon. 


Brizopyrum, Link. (Spike-Grass.) 

B. spieatum, Hook. Salt meadows, common, 0. and M. Also Cape 
May. (Caiiby.) 

Poa, L. (Meadow-Grass — Spear-Grass.) 

P. annua, L. Door-yards. Introduced, common. 

P. compressa, L. Dry fields, not very common. 

P. serotina, Ehrhart. Damp meadows along brooks, common. 

P. pratensis, L. Cultivated for hay and pasture, common. 

P. trivialis, L. Damp meadows, M. 

P. alsodes, Gray. (P. nemoralis, Torr.) Borders of woods, not com- 

Eragrostis, Beauv. (Eragrostis.) 

E. poaeoides, Beauv. 

Var. megastachya, Gray. Waste places, gardens, rare. 
E. pilosa, Beauv. Barren, sandy fields, not rare. 
E. Frankii, Meyer. W. (Porter.) 
E. Purskii, Schrader. W. (Porter.) 

E. capillaris, Nees. Dry, sandy fields, not common. W. (Porter.) 

Festuca, L. (Fescue-Grass.) 

F. Myurus, L. Atsion. (Canby.) 

F. tenella, Willd. Dry, sandy soil, not very rare. 

F. ovina, Gray. ( Var. duriuscula, Gray.) Near the coast, not rare. 

F. elatior, L. Damp meadows, not rare. 

F. nutans, Willd. Meadows, not common. 

Bromus, L. (Brome-Grass.) 

B. secalinus, L. (Chess.) Too common in wheat-fields. There is a 
popular idea, still prevailing, that wheat will change into chess, but there 
is nothing in observation or experiment to justify such a belief. 

B. Kalonii, Gray. Shady woods and river banks, not rare. 

B. racemosus, L. Grain-fields, W. (Knighton) 

Uniola, L. (Spike-Grass.) 

U. gracilis, Michx. Borders of woods and thickets, common, 0. 
(Knieskern.) South Jersey. (Canby.) 

Phragmites, Trin. (Heed.) 

P. communis, Trin. Good-Luck meadows, O., rare. 

Lolium, L. (Darnel.) 

Ij. perenne, I* Meadows, not common. 


Triticum, L. (Wheat) 

T. repens, L. Along fences, not common In middle counties. Re- 
poxted m ■ troublesome weed in tlie north. [Knighton,) 

Elymus, L. (Lyme-Grass — Wild Rye.) 

E. Virginicas, L, Banks of small streams, rare. 
E. Canadensis, L. Banks of Shark River, rare. 

E. striatus, Willd. Banks of streams, rare. 

Danthonia, DC. (Wild Oat-Grass.) 

D. spieata, Beauv. Dry barrens, very common. 
D. sericea, Xutt. This southern species has been found near Man- 
chester, O., in a single locality, rare. (Knieskern.) 

Aira, L. (Hair-Grass.) 

A. fiexuosa, L. Dry hill-sides, not common. 
A. ca'spitosa, L. Damp places, rare. 

Arrhenatherum, Beauv. (Oat-Grass.) 

A. avenaceum, Beauv. Meadows, Shark River, M. 

Holcus, L. (Meadow Soft-Grass.) 

H. lanatus, L. (Velvet-Grass.) Meadows, not rare. 

Hierochloa, Gmelin. (Holy-Grass.) 

H. borealis, Roem. and Schultes. Border of salt marshes, near 
Squan Village, M., very rare. (Knieskern.) Salem. (Canby.) 

Anthoxanthum, L. (Sweet Vernal-Grass.) 
A. odoratum, L. Meadows, common. 

Phalaris, L. (Canary-Grass.) 

P. arundinacea, L. Wet places, common. 

Amphicarpum, Kunth. 

A. Pnrshii, Kunth. Wet, sandy places, near Manchester, 0., very 
rare. [Knietkem.) South Jersey. {Canby.) 

Paspalum, L. (Paspalum.) 

P mi, Michx. Dry, sandy fields, common. 

P. l;cvf, Michx. Damp meadows, not common. 

Panicum, L. (Panic-Grass.) 

P. filiforme, L, Dry, Bandy soils and road-sides, common. 
P. glabrom, Gaudin. Waste places, oommon. 



P. sanguinale, L. Waste and cultivated fields, common. 

P. anceps, Michx. Wet, sandy soils, pine barrens, 0., common. 

P. agrostoides, Spreng. Wet meadows, common, M. 

P. proliferum, Lam. Edges of salt marshes. 

P. capillare, L. Cultivated fields, rich soils, common. 

P. virgatuni, L. Dry and moist, sandy and gravelly soils, not rare. 

P. amarum, Ell. Cape May. (Cariby.) 

P. latifoliuai, L. Thickets and river banks, common. 

P. clandestinum, L. Shady places, common. 

P. dichotomum, L. Dry and damp soils, woods and fields, a very 
variable species everywhere, common. 

P. depauperatum, Muhl. Hill-sides, common. 

P. verrucosum, Muhl. Sandy swamps, near the coast, rare. 

P. Crus-galli, L. (Barnyard-Grass.) Rich, cultivated fields. 

Var. hispidum, Gray. Near salt water, usually of a brown color and 
with long awns, common. 

Setaria, Beauv. (Bristly Fox-tail Grass.) 

S. verticillata, Beauv. Cultivated fields, not common. 
S. glauca, Beauv. Fields and yards, not common. 
S. viridis, Beauv. Fields, rare. 

Cenchrus, L. (Hedgehog or Bur-Grass.) 

C. tribuloides, L. Sandy soils, too common. 

Erianthus, Michx. (Woolly Beard-Grass.) 

E. alopecuroides, Ell. Pines in South Jersey. (Canby.) 

Andropogon, L. (Beard-Grass.) 

A. furcatus, Muhl. Dry and damp soil, rare. 

A. scoparius, Michx. Sandy soils and barren plains, common. 

A. Virginicus, L. Sandy soils, not rare. 

A. macrourus, Michx. Low grounds, common 

Sorghum, Pars. (Broom Corn.) 

S. nutans, Gray. Dry soils, common. 

S. vulgare, L. Hunterdon and W. (Knighton.) 





Order 129. EQUISETACEiE. Horsetail Family. 
Equisetum, L. (Horsetail — Scouring Rush.) 

E. arvense, L. Damp places, common. 

E. limosum, L. About Freehold. 

E. hyemale, L. (Scouring Rush.) Wet banks, rare. Reported in 
the north by (EnigJiton.) 

Order 130. FLLICES. Ferns. 
Polypodium, L. (Polypody.) 

P. vulgare, L. M. (Dr. Torrey.) 

Adiantum, L. (Maidenhair.) 

A. pedatum, L. M. (Dr. Torrey.) 

Pteris, L. (Brake or Bracken.) 

P. aquilina, L. (Common Brake.) Pine barrens and woods, common. 

Cheilanthes, Swartz. (Lip-Fern.) 

C. vestita, Swartz. Lambertville. (Cariby.) 

Woodwardia, Smith. (Chain-Fern.) 

W. Virginica, Smith. Swamps, common. 

W. angustifolia, Smith. Borders of swamps, common. 

Asplenium, L. (Spleenwort.) 

A. Trichomanes, L. M. (Dr. Torrey.) 

A. ebeneum, Ait. M. (Dr. Torrey.) 

A. thelypteroides, Michx. Damp woods, Freehold. 

A. Filix-foemina, Bernh. Damp woods, Freehold. 

Camptosorus, Link. (Walking-leaf.) 
C. rhizophyllus, Link. 

Aapidium, Swartz. (Shi».-ld-Fern — Wood-Fern.) 

A. TL» !; Bwmrte. Wet grounds, Freehold and Mer. (Dr. 



A. Noveboracense, Swartz. Moist thickets, common. Mer. (Dr 
Torre i/.) 

A. Bpinolosom, Swartz. Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) 

A. Goldianum, Hook. W. (Porter) 

A. marginale, Swartz. M. (Dr. Torrey.) 

A. acrostichoides, Swartz. Hill-sides and shady ravines, not com- 

Cystopteris, Bernh. (Bladder-Fern.) 

C. bulbifera, Bernh. Shady valleys, Freehold. 

C. fragilis, Bernh. Shaded hill-sides, Freehold. 

Onoclea, L. (Sensitive Fern.) 

O. sensibilis, L. Damp or wet places, common. 

Woodsia, R. Brown. (Woodsia.) 

W. Ilvensis, R. Brown. W. (Porter) 

Dicksonia, L'Her. (Dicksonia.) 

D. punctilobula, Kunze. Damp wood-sides, common. 

Schizaea, Smith. (Schizaea.) 

S. pusilla, Pursh. Low grounds, Tom's River, and near Kettle- 
Creek, 0., very rare. (Knieskern) 

Lygodium, Swartz. (Climbing Fern.) 

L. palmatum, Swartz. This plant grows sparingly in damp, springy 
places in Mer. and M. In Mer. near Hightstown, on land belonging to 
Mr. John Ward ; also near Shark River, in M. Rancocus. (Cariby.) 

Osmunda, L. (Flowering Fern.) 

O. regalis, L. 

Par. spectabilis, Gray. Swamps, common. 

O. Claytoniana, L. Borders of damp meadows, Freehold and Hights- 

O. cinnamomea, L. Damp woods, common. 

Botrychium, Swartz. (Moonwort.) 

B. Virginicum, Swartz. Shady woods, Freehold. 
B. lunarioides, Swartz. Shady thickets, rare, M. 

Ophioglossum, L. (Adder's-Tongue.) 

O. vulgatum, L. M. (Dr. Torrey.) « 

Order 131. LYCOPODIACEJE. Club-Moss Family. 
Lycopodium, L., Spring. (Club Moss.) 

It. luciduluin, Michx. M. and Mer. (Dr. Torrey.) 


L. Inundatum, tt. Wet, sterile grounds. 

L. alopecuroides, !;. Damp fields and swamps, common. 

L. dendroideum, Michx. Shady woods, rare. 

Li. idavatum, U Woods, Freehold. 

L». Carolinianum, L. Borders of swamps, common. 

L. oomplanatnm, L. Damp, open woods, neglected fields, rare. 

Selaginella, Beany., Spreng. 

S. apus, Spreng. Point pleasant, 0., rare. 

Isoetes, L. (Quillwort.) 

I. echinospora, Durieu. Mor. (Porter.) 
Var. Braunii. Tom's River, O. (Porter.) 


Collected on the coast of Egg Harbor, at and near Beesley's Point, in 
Cape May County, 

By Samuel Ashmead, Esq., 

and published in the Geological Report of Cape May County. 

Fucus, L. 

F. vesiculosus, L. Very common between tide marks, on the shores 
of the Bays and the thoroughfares ; not unfrequently attached to sods by 
a root penetrating several inches into the soil, throwing off numerous 
lateral shoots, having the appearance of undeveloped fronds, forming a 
strong hold-fast, and affording an interesting illustration of the modifica- 
tion of a discoid root, where local circumstances are unfavorable to Buch 
expansions. It is, however, more frequently found adhering by a coni- 
cal disc to mussels | V licatida), whirh, at high water, unable to 
•In- buoyancy of the full-grown plant with its inflated vesicles, is 
by degrees, wrested from its place of growth and cast upon the Bhore 
ah, wheno it, together with other marine plant.-, i 
way by the inhabitants for manure. 

Stilophora, J. Ag. 

S. rhi/.o I Bather rare; on old shells, etc., near low-water 

mark. \irh I obtain* d an 

growth, and di with wart-like fructification. 


Ectocarpus, Lyngb. 

E. littoral is, Lyngb. Very abundant in the Bays, on various sub- 
merged substances. Also fringing the steep banks of the thoroughfares 
between tide marks. Disappearing in July. 

E. siliculosus, Lyngb. Occurs sparingly on the shores of Little 
Bay, on Fucus vesiculosus. 

E. viridis, Harv. Common in the Bays, on Zoster a marina, etc. 
Disappearing in July. 

Chondria, Ag. 

O. dasyphylla, Ag. Plentiful in Little Bay, and on Bond's Bar, 
growing in large tufts on the sandy mud, to which it is attached by a 
fibrous root. 

O. Bailey ana, Mont. Common with the above. 

Polysiphonia, Harv. 

P. Olneyi, Harv. Rare, on Zostera marina in Little Bay. 

P. Harveyi, Bailey. Very abundant in the Bays, and on Bond's Bar; 
on Zostera marina. 

P. variegata, Ag. Very common, on Zostera marina, also attached 
to the mud by a fibrous root. 

P. nigrescens, Grev. I collected fine specimens of this most valu- 
able plant, in fruit, in the month of 'May. It occurs in great abundance 
in Little Bay, attached to the bottom by a fibrous root. 

Champia, Harv. 

C. parvula, Harv. Plentiful in Little Bay, on Zostera marina. 

Grinellia, Harv. 

G. Americana, Harv. Of this beautiful plant I found only one per- 
fect specimen. It was growing in the Great Egg Harbor Bay near the 
shore, attached to the bottom by a somewhat fibrous root. 

Gracilaria, J. Ag. 

G. multipartita, J. Ag. Plentiful, particularly fine on planted oys- 
ters in Little Bay. 

Solieria, J. Ag. 

S. chordalie, J. Ag. Very common on all the shores. There can be 
no doubt but this bushy plant will grow and flourish in the coves of Lit- 
tle Bay, and other sheltered situations, without a foothold; for I have 
rarely found it attached to the bottom. 

Chylocladia, liar v. 

C. Baileyana, Harv. Frequent, on Zostera marina, Ulva latissima, 


Spyridida, Ihuv. 

S. filamentosa, Bait. Particularly abundant and vigorous In the 

Bays : where, sheltered from the winds and waves, like the 8oii< Ha <■/,<>/■- 

dattt, it will luxuriate without the slightest attachment to the bottom, 

Ceramium, Ag, 

C. rnbrnm, Ag. Thii plant, in all its perplexing varieties, is found 

on Zottora marina, rather abundantly. 

C. diaphannm, Roth. Occurs sparingly associated with the above, 
O. faetigiatum, llarv. In dense tufts, 'on Zoxtera manna, rather 


O. bysaoideum, Am. Freqnent on Zostera marina, also attached to 
old shells in Great Egg Harbor Bay. 

C. polyspernum, Ag. Rare, on old shells in Great Egg Harbor Bay. 

Gelidum, Grey. 

G. corneum, var. y. junnatum, Grev. I obtained two or three speci- 
mens of this plant in Little Bay, on old shells, near low-water mark. 

Bryopsis, Ag. 

B. plumosa, Ag. Xot common ; attached to old shells and other 
submerged substances on the shore of Great Egg Harbor Bay. 

Cladophora, liar v. 

C. fa 1 cat a, llarv. Occurs plentiful in Little Bay. 

Enteromorpha, Grev. 

E. compressa, Grev, Very common everywhere ; infesting the small 
pebbles on Gtreat Egg Harbor Bay. 

E. Intestinalis, Link. Abundant in Little Bay, and on Bond's Bar. 
Frequently found floating in large quantities in the Bays. 

Ulva, L. 

U. latissima, L. Common with the above. 

Porphyra, Ag, 

P v"L Very rare. I have obtained but two or three 

mens of this Alga, on Zostera marina in Little Bay. 

74-. S 

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