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EX L I B R I S 

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EINAR GJERSTAD 



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J-^ ■ jfliCAXioCj. 



A CATALOGUE 



OF 



THE CYPRUS MUSEUM 



HENRY FROWDE, M. A. 

PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 




LONDON, EDINBURGH, AND NEW YORK 



A CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



CYPRUS MUSEUM 



WITH A 

CHRONICLE OF EXCAVATIONS UNDERTAKEN 
SINCE THE BRITISH OCCUPATION 

AND 

INTRODUCTORY NOTES ON CYPRIOTE ARCHAEOLOGY 



BY 

JOHN L. MYRES, M.A., F.S.A., RR.G.S. 

STUDENT AND TUTOR OF CHRIST CHURCH, OXFORD J 

FORMERLY FELLOW OF MAGDALEN COLLEGE, 

CRAVEN FELLOW AND BURDETT-COUTTS SCHOLAR. 

AND 

MAX OHNEFALSCH-RICHTER, Ph.D. 

MEMBER OF THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETIES OF BERLIN 



WITH EIGHT PLATES 



AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

T899 



PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

BY HORACE HART, M.A. 
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



M GETTY C£NI£ft 

I IQD.4DV 



PREFACE 



This Catalogue is the outcome of a suggestion made by His 
Excellency the High Commissioner for Cyprus to the Colonial 
Office in October, 1893, that advantage should be taken of the 
operations of the British Museum at Amathus, to secure a report 
on the condition of the Government Collection of Antiquities^ 
The invitation was repeated by the Chief Secretary to Mr. Myres, 
a member of the British School of Archaeology in Athens, who 
was for a while in charge of the excavations at Amathus, and 
in the course of the summer of 18^ the whole Collection was 
cleaned, arranged, and catalogued. 

Dr. Max Ohnefalsch-Richter offered Mr. Myres his assistance 
at an early stage in the work, and revised some part of the 
Catalogue after Mr. Myres had left Cyprus. 

The long delay in the appearance of the work is due to 
a variety of causes, and not least to the difficulty of arranging 
for its publication and for the completion of the Plates at 
a distance from Cyprus. 

The compilers wish here to express their appreciation of the 
manner in which the Clarendon Press undertook the publication 
of the book, and to acknowledge their obligations, for help of 
many kinds, to English residents in Cyprus ; to Professor W. M. 
Flinders Petrie, Professor E. A. Gardner, Mr. A. H. Smith, and 
Mr. D. G. Hogarth, for suggestions and corrections in detail ; to 
Dr. A. S. Murray, for permission to report the acquisitions from 
the excavations of the British Museum at Kurion, 1895, and 
Sala^nis, 1896 ; and to Mr. H. B. Walters, who has kindly revised 
the whole of the proofs, and contributed the account of the 
excavations at Kurion and Maroni. 

The Government Collection of Antiquities has come into 
existence in virtue of the Ottoman Law of 1874, which still 



VI PREFACE. 

prevails in Cyprus ; and by which the^ Government acquires 
a third part of the finds in any excavations which are permitted. 
Needless to say, the surreptitious excavations which are per- 
sistently carried on by all classes in Cyprus pay no such tribute, 
except in the rare cases when antiquities are confiscated. A small 
collection of such antiquities lies in the Castle at Kcrynia : this 
might with advantage have been brought to Nicosia. Both at 
Kiiklia (Paphos) and at Salamis small collections are preserved 
of inscriptions and other objects found in excavations, but not 
worth moving. 

The British Government of Cyprus has hitherto spent nothing 
in maintaining, or even in properly storing the Collections for 
which it is responsible. Many of them lay for years in the out- 
houses of the Commissioner's Office in Nicosia, exposed to all 
kinds of ill usage. The unique colossal statue of terracotta, 
CM. 6016, and the fine engraved silver bowl, C. M. 4881, were 
found here in 1894 irreparably damaged, and a number of other 
objects have not reappeared at all. The statues from Voni, 
also, long stood in the open corridor of the Government Offices, 
and suffered serious damage. The Government share of the 
results from Kurion, 1895, is still lying in cases at Nicosia. 

The Museum, in which the Government Collections are now 
mainly housed, was established in 1883, and is maintained wholly 
by private subscriptions. It is managed by a Committee, which 
occasionally meets. Excavations were conducted on its behalf 
on a number of sites in 1883-5, by O-R., who held the post of 
Consulting Archaeologist under the Committee and of Super-" 
intendent of Excavations for the Government and the Museum ; 
and excavated also for individuals. Subscriptions, however, 
soon fell off, and in 1 894 the funds of the Museum were almost 
exhausted ^. 

Labels and fragmentary lists testify that attempts have been 
made from time to time to rearrange the Collections. The most 
important of these was somewhere about 1890; the MS. 
Catalogue is in the handwriting of Mr. Joly, who was for a while 
Secretary of the Museum Committee. Irreparable damage was 
done when part of the Collection was sent, along with Col. Warren's 
exhibit, to the Colonial and Indian Exhibition of 1887 ; and, 
again, some time between 1889 and 1894, by the dispersal of the 



* For a fuller account of the early days of the Museum, v. S. Reinach, Chroniques 
d' Orient, p. i;i ff., 199 ff. 



PREFACE. Vii 

Tomb Groups excavated for Dr. Dlimmler in 1885, and by 
a ' sale of duplicates ' by which a number of specimens of scientific 
value passed into private possession. 

Even in the Museum, the condition of the Collection was in 
1894 deplorable. The large sculptures, inscriptions, and archi- 
tectural fragments lay indiscriminately in the courtyard, some 
exposed to the weather, and all to" frequent injury ; a large 
number of Attic vases was discovered, after the Catalogue was 
already written out, in the wardrobe of the caretaker's wife ; and 
other collections continually came to light, as it became possible 
to empty and search one outhouse after another. Hence the 
too frequent irregularities of numbering and arrangement. 

The Government inspection of excavations is in many cases 
conducted by untrained persons, whose inventories^ even when 
they are intelligible at all, are valueless for the identification of 
the objects which are described. Consequently a large part 
of the Government Collection has lost almost all scientific value.. 
It would be well if future excavators were obliged to deposit 
a copy of their otvn inventory of the share which they leave 
behind. 

In this Catalogue all the available documents have been 
utilized, and arrears are entirely cleared off down to 1894. The 
excavations of 1894, at Amathus and Kition ; of 1895, at 
Kurion ; and of 1896, at Salamis, are dealt with in reports of 
the kind above suggested, and an arrangement has been made 
with the Museum Committee for the publication of such reports 
in Appendices from time to time. In these, the objects should 
be kept as far as possible in their original Tomb Groups, with 
cross-references to the Type Collections. 

For the present arrangement both compilers are jointly 
responsible : O-R. undertook the Graeco-Phoenician Pottery, I 
the majority of the Special Collections of Sculpture, and the 
whole of the measurements ; J. L. M. the Bronze Age Collection, 
the Hellenic Vases, the Glass, Terracottas, Bronzes, and Jewellery, 
the Collections from Amathus and Kition, and the drafting of ' 
all the description ; but every part, except the measurements, 
has been revised by both, and the Introduction in particular 
limits itself to statements on which both are agreed. The 
reports of the excavations of 1895 and 1896 were contributed 
afterwards by the representatives of the British Museum who 
directed them. J. L. M. is solely responsible for the Indices 
and the Plates ; for a description of the Coins which will appear 



viii PREFACE. 



separately hereafter : and for any slips which may have escaped 
notice in passing the whole work through the press. 

This Catalogue attempts to serve three purposes, which are 
perhaps really incompatible. In the first place, it is, as already 
stated, a report to the Government of Cyprus on the condition 
of a part of its own property, which had been allowed to fall 
into disorder. Accordingly, it deals primarily with the few 
objects which are in the Cyprus Museum, not with the countless 
treasures which are better cared for elsewhere. The Introduction 
is meant only to provide the briefest outline of Cypriote civiliza- 
tion, which would serve to check an estimate of the value and 
importance of the Collection, and to exhibit it in an intelligible 
light. 

Secondly, it is intended to summarize, for the benefit of 
archaeologists in general, the result of the excavations which 
have been made since the British Occupation^ and the conclu- 
sions which may be drawn with some probability therefrom. 
The compilers have been careful to acknowledge their obliga- 
tions to the original reports, and in particular to the Chroiiiqiies 
d'Orient of M. Salomon Reinach, which are the sole published 
records of many minor excavations and are largely based on 
information furnished by O-R. at the time. But they wish to 
make it clear that nothing has been admitted which does not rest 
either upon the first-hand knowledge of one or other of them, 
or on independent consultation of the original excavators or 
their reports. Probably there is not an original idea in the 
book, unless it be original to verify statements before republishing 
/ them. The British Occupation of Cyprus in 1878 marks the 
close of what may be called the mythical age of Cypriote 
archaeology, and has accordingly been taken as a convenient 
starting-point ; but trustworthy data of earlier researches have 
been taken into account. 

Lastly, the Catalogue is intended to supply the wayfaring 
man, though ' personally conducted,' with a simple clue, in plain 
English, to the mazes of Cypriote archaeology and of the Cyprus 
Museum. Technical language has been avoided as far as possible, 
and has been explained, perhaps over- explicitly, where it was 
unavoidable. The initiated will pardon, in the interest of the 
majority, such paragraphs as those on Mykenaean or Attic 
vases. They only claim not to be misleading. 

The Plates at the end of the Catalogue are as complete as the 



PREFACE. IX 

circumstances permitted : but should be supplemented by those 
of Dr. Ohnefalsch-Richter's Kypj'os, ike Bible, and Homer (1893), 
and Tamassos tnid Idalion (forthcoming), and of the other 
monographs, to which references are given throughout the book 
and in Index V. 

References have also been given to the Cypriote Collections 
of the principal European Museums : German by 0-R ; English, 
French, Austrian, &c. by J. L. M. It has unfortunately not been 
possible to refer to the Museums either of Constantinople or of 
America : and the delay in the publication of the book is largely 
due to the desire to profit by recent re-numberings in the 
Louvre, the British Museum, and the Ashmolean. 

A series of photographs representative of the whole Collection 
was planned, and has been partly carried out by O-R. and 
Mrs. Ohnefalsch-Richter : the negatives are now the property of 
the Hellenic Society, 22 Albemarle Street, London, W., where 
prints can be consulted, or made to order. It is hoped that it 
may eventually be possible to complete the series, and so to 
render the Cyprus Museum fully accessible to students else- 
where. 



CORRIGENDA. 

p. 12, 1. \o,for * 13 Aug., 1896' read '12, July, 1896.' 

p. 28, 1. 12, omit *xvii.' 

p. 34, 1. 6 top,/?r * J. Pierides' ' read ' G. D. Pierides'.' 

p. 42, No. 51, read 'same shape as 57, only without spout or ornament.' 

p. 44, No. 182, after ' Diimmler, I.e.,' read'i. i.' 

p. 45, No. 2\(j,for ' Diimmler, I.e. iii. I,' read ' i. 7.' 

p. 47, No. 1033, for ' Oenochoae ' read ' Oenochoe.' 

p. 51, No. 464, for 'Heuzey, pi. iv. 6,' read 'iv. 5.' 

No. 466, far ' Heuzey, pi. ii. 6,' read 'iv. 6.' 
p. 65, No. g4i, for 'no handle' read ' one handle.' 
p. 76, No. 1176,/or 'Ashm. 165' read' 2)^S' 

bottom Wne, for ' 165 ' read ' 565.' 
p. 77, No. 1183,/or ' Double handles ' read ' Single handles.' 
p. 92, No. 2053 belongs more probably to a class of early Hellenic vases, 

apparently Rhodian. 
p. 134, 1. 8 bottom, /tfr ' KBH. Ixx. 4 ' read ' KBH. fig. 35.' 
p. 170, No. 6119,/tfr '2112' read '6122.' 
p. 173, 1. 9 bottom, /(?r '3934' read ' ^^24: 





I'oUery Tjpe Collection 


Salamis 


Attic Vases 








Limniti Graffiti 


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Amargetti 


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GRAECO-PHOENICIAN ROOM 


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LIBRARY AND COMMITTEE 
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Alabaster. Lamps. 
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Tomb Groups 










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CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Chronicle of Excavations since the British Occupation 1-12 

Introduction :— 13-35 

Early Man in Cyprus 13 

The Stone Age 13 

The Bronze Age 14 

The Graeco-Phoenician Age 21 

The Hellenistic Age 26 

Cypriote Sculpture and Modelling 27 

Principal Types and Motives of Sculpture and Modelling . 31 

Gem Engraving 32 

Jewellery 33 

The Bronze Age: — 36-58 

Pottery : Description of Fabrics 36 

1-450. Pottery, Catalogue of 41 

460 ff. Figurines 51 

470 ff. Stone Implements 52 

501 fF. Bronze Implements 53 

630 ff. Porcelain, &c 55 

651 ff. Spindlewhorls (of all periods) 55 

Tomb Groups 57 

The Graeco-Phoenician Age : General Catalogue of 

Pottery: — 59-91 

Description of Fabrics 59 

901 ff. Catalogue of Typical Forms 63 

ISOlff. Lamps 80 

1501fF. Imported Hellenic Vases 81 

1901ff. Graffiti 90 

2001 ff. Wine Amphorae ....... 91 

The Hellenistic Age: — 92-98 

2051 ff. General Catalogue of Pottery 92 

2201 ff. Stamps on Handles of Amphorae .... 95 

General Catalogue of — 

Alabaster, 2401 ff. 99 

Glass, 2501 ff. 100 

Terracottas, 3001 ff. 107 

Bronzes, 3501 ff. 115 

Jewellery, Gems, AND Ornaments, 4000 ff. . . . 121-140 

4000 ff Earrings 121 

4141ff. Rings 127 

4250 ff. Bracelets 130 

4301 ff. Frontlets 130 

4351 ff. Necklaces, &c 131 



Xll 



CONTENTS. 



4501 ff. Cylinders, Seals, and Gems 
4701 ff. Porcelain Ornaments 
4801 fiF. Household and Toilet Articles 
4871 ff. Silver Vessels . 
4891 ff. Byzantine Jewellery , 

Special Collections from Various Sites :— 

I. Voni, 5001 ff. 
II. Khytroi, 5201 ff. . 

III. Soloi, 5401 ff. 

IV. Kition, 5501 ff. . 
V. Idalion, 5601 ff.. 6300 ff. 

VI. Salamis, 5801 ff. . 

VII, Amargetti, 5901 ff. 

VIII. Amathus, 5951 ff. . 

IX. Limniti, 5981 ff. . 

X. Vitsada, 5991 ff. . 

XI. Tamassos, eOOOff. 

XII. Katydata, Poll, &c., 6201 ff. 

Tomb Groups : Graeco-Phoenician and Hellenistic 
Marion-Arsinoe (Watkins and Williamson), i886 
Paphos (C.E.F), i888 . 
Salamis (Cypr. Mus.), l88i . 
Limassol (Government), 1883 
Amathus (Brit. Mus.), 1893-4 
Kition (C.E.F.), 1894 • 
Kurion (Brit. Mus.), 1895 
Salamis (Brit. Mus,), 1896 
Maroni (Brit. Mus.), 1897 

Table of Abbreviations 



Indices 



I. Names, Places, Objects, and Styles 
II. Diagrams inserted in the Text 

III. Tomb Groups from the Larger Excavations 

IV. References to Cypriote Antiquities in Other Museums 
V. References to the Principal Publications of Cypriote 

Antiquities . . • • • 

VI. Mutilated Names occurring in Inscriptions 
VII. Old Numbers found affixed to Objects in the Cyprus 
Museum in 1894 ; together with the Numbers under 
which the same Objects stand in this Catalogue 



. 134 
137 
138 

139 
140 

141-172 

141 
149 
152 

153 
157 
161 
162 
164 
165 
166 

167 
171 

173-186 

173 
174 
175 
175 
175 
178 
180 

183 

187 

188 

189-224 
189 

2IO 
211 
216 

220 
223 



:24 



Plates. 

N.B. 



The Reference Numbers are those under which the 
Objects stand in this Catalogue. 



CHRONICLE OF EXCAVATIONS 

UNDERTAKEN IN CYPRUS SINCE THE BRITISH OCCUPATION. 



The ancient names are given in capitals, where they are known : in other cases 
the site is described under the name of the nearest modem village. 



Akhna (between Larnaka and Famagusta). 

A sanctuary attributed to Artemis was excavated by 0-R. for Sir Charles 
Newton in 1882. Over a thousand figures were found, in stone and terra- 
cotta; ranging from colossal statues 3'6 m. high, to very small statuettes. 
With the exception of one fragment of a priest of Apollo, all were female. 
The style varies considerably, but even the most purely Greek examples 
do not seem to be later than the third century b. c. Many terracotta and 
even stone figures were fully coloured (v. KBH. Ixviii. 4-15, chromo- 
photogravure). The best of these figures are in the British Museum. 
Cypr. Mus. 3001, 3015-7,3127, 3073> 3085-7, 3091-5, 3101-3,3113-9 
(presented by Mr. C. D. Cobham, 1894) are from this site (No. i, KBH. 
p. i). 

Five other sanctuaries discovered at the same time yielded similar 
votive statuettes : the archaic figure (KBH. ccxii. 6-7) is from one of 
these (No. 10 in the list of sanctuaries, KBH. p. 10). 

A Graeco-Phoenician necropolis was also explored close to Akhna, on 
the south side. 

[' Graphic,' July 19, 1884 ; Brit. Mus. MS. Rep.; Cypr. Mus. MS. 
Rep. i; S. Reinach, Chroniques d'Orient (republished, 1891), 
p. 187 ; KBH. iv, xi, xii, xvii. 6, xxxviii. 15, Ixviii. 4-15, Ixxvi. 1-2, 
cxxxv. 5, ccvi. 6, ccix-ccxii, ccxiv. 6, 7.] 

The sanctuary at Pharangas, worked by Gen. L. P. di Cesnola, lies some 
miles north-east of Akhna (No. 14, KBH. p. 12). 

Agia Paraskevi (one mile south-west of Nicosia). 

The very large Bronze Age necropolis has been repeatedly explored. 
0-R. in 1884-5 opened eleven tombs for the Cyprus Museum, and 
eighty-one for various residents : J. L. M. opened fourteen for the Cyprus 
Exploration Fund in 1894. The Bronze Age collection (Cypr. Mus. 
1-899) is mostly from this site. 

[MS. Rep. 2 ; Chroniques, pp. 189 flf.; F. Dummler (who watched 
the excavations of 1885), Mitth. Ath. vi (1886); Zeitschr. f. 
Keilinschr. ii. (1885) 191-3 (Bezold, Babylonian Cylinder, Cypr. 
Mus. 4501); J. H. S. xvii. pp. 134-8 (J. L. M.); KBH. clxvii- 
clxxiii ; and Geogr. Index, s.v. ; ' Tamassos und Idalion' 
(forthcoming: s.v. ' Ochsenkrater Grabe').] 

B 

if 



2 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

Ag. Iannis it's MaUiintas (Nicosia District). 

Early Hellenistic necropolis^discovered and ravaged by peasants in 1883. 
0-R. excavated three more tombs for Cyprus Museum in 1883. Some of 
the earliest graves contained Graeco- Phoenician pottery with concentric 
circles, &c. Much jewellery, especially gold frontlets (cf. C. M. 4319- 
21; KBH. cxliv. 11) and animal-head earrings (cf. C. M. 4015-33; 
KBH. clxxxii. 8, 9, ccxvii. 13-17). Unfortunately the specimens from 
INIallunta in the Cyprus Museum have lost their original labels, and cannot 
be distinguished from similar ones from Soli, &c. 

The most remarkable of the rock tombs have been made permanently 
accessible. 

[Chroniques, p. 189.] 

Ag. Sozomcnos (four miles north-east of Dali) and Nikolides (four miles 

north of Dali). 

Late Bronze Age necropolis with native and Mykenaean vases, half a 
mile north of Sozomenos village ; v. Tomb Group, p. 58. 

Another late Bronze Age setdement and necropolis, with all types of 
native pottery and Mykenaean vases at Nikolides; v. Tomb Groups, p. 58. 
Cf. Tomb Group from Laksha hi Riu, p. 58. Nikolides may be the 
Ag. Alkolaos of Ceccaldi. ' Mon. Ant. de Chypre/ p. 269 ff. 

Both sites were excavated in 1894 by 0-R. for the Prussian Secretary 
of State for Public Instruction (Berlin Museum). 
[v. forthcoming ' Tamassos und Idalion.'] 

Aldmhra (two miles south-west of Dali). 

Two Bronze Age necropoleis. That called Mavra Gb ('black soil'), 
on the border of the dark-soiled plutonic rock-area, contains only red 
polished vessels without paint: at Aspra Gb ('white soil'), on the lime- 
stone slopes nearer the village, painted vases occur with the red polished 
ware. The Bronze Age settlement lies on the ridge of the hill. 

0-R. opened about a dozen tombs in the two necropoleis for Sir Charles 
Newton in 1883 (results in British Museum) ; and one in each with 
Dr. Diimmler in 1885 (contents in Cyi)rus Aluseum ; formerly distinct, 
since mixed, beyond recovery, with the other collections). 

[Dummler, Mitth. Ath. vi. (1886); Chroniques, p. 198; Brit. Mus. 
MS. Rep.; Much. Kupferzeit'^. p. 137 ff.] 

Aviarge'tii (Papho District). 

West of the village is a small sanctuary, with coarse stone statuettes 
and terracottas : men, doves, grapes, cones, and phalli : style rude and 
debased : late Greek dedications ^Oiraovi Mt'Kavdlu) ; in one case 'AttoXww 
M(\av0La>. Excavated 1888 by Mr. D. G. Hogarth for Cypr. Expl. Fund. 
C. M. 5901-27. 

[J. H. S. ix. (1888), pp. 171-174 ; Inscriptions, pp. 260-263. Cf. 

p. 116, two inscriptions said by L. P.di Cesnola to be from this site.] 

AINIATHUS {Pa/aid Limessb, six miles east of Limassol). 

The site of the city is clearly marked, and remains of town-wall, 
house-foundations, and harbour-works are traceable. On the acropolis 
are the fragments of a stone bowl, the fellow to which is in the Louvre 
(KBH. cxxxiv. 3, 5.) The necropolis is extensive, but some parts 



CHRONICLE OF EXCAVATIONS. 3 

have been ransacked. L. P. di Cesnola dug inland of the town : so far as 
his statements can be checked, they are inaccurate and misleading. 0-R. 
opened four undisturbed Graeco-Phoenician tombs in 1885, and found 
an early altar with votive terracottas in the necropolis, and a small 
sanctuary with statuettes and terracottas a little N.E. of the town, not yet 
excavated. Hence the terracotta model of a shrine, now in Philadelphia 
Museum; KBH. cxcix. 1-2, and a terracotta figure like KBH. ccvi. 5 
(Kurion). More than 300 tombs were opened by contract for the British 
Museum (Turner Bequest) in 1893-4. Mr. A. H. Smith was present, 
for the Museum, during a part of the work; J. L. M. independently, for 
the British School of Archaeology in Athens, during the remainder. 
Hence all the specimens assigned to Amathus in the Cyprus Museum. 

[Cypr. Mus. MS. Rep. 4. pp. 15-21 (0-R.) ; KBH. p. 466, clxxv. 

1-2 (plans of tombs), cxcix. 1-2; Brit. Mus. Rep. (forthcoming). 

Cf. 'Times,' Dec. 29, 1894, and Tomb Groups, below, pp. 175-7.] 

Arsinoe (v. Marion). Epishopiiy. Kurion). 

Dali (v. Idalion). Frdiigissa (v. Tamassos). 

Enko77n (v. Salamis). Goshi (v. Kosci). 

Gastria (on the coast near Trikomo. Famagusta District). 

Early Graeco-Phoenician necropolis, excavated by Mr. G. Hake for the 
South Kensington Museum in 1882. 

[Chroniques, 199; S. Kens. MS. Report gives no inventory of 
Tomb Groups: no published account: cf S. Kens. Mus. 2031/83.] 

IDALION {Ball). 

About half a mile south of Dali village the path to the Paradfsi valley 
passes between conspicuous limestone hills, between and on the north 
slopes of which lay Idalion. That on the east^ is crowned by the principal 
sanctuary of Aphrodite (No. 29, KBH. p. 16): the city wall can be 
traced up the spur nearest to the path : the sanctuary of Apollo, exca- 
vated by Mr. Lang, is close to the path in the valley between the two 
acropoleis (No. 30, KBH. p. 16). The sharply pointed hill on the west, 
called Ambelliri, was within the city wall, which appears again norih-west 
of it (KBH. iii. 5), and has a sanctuary of Athene (No. 28, KBH. p. 16) and 
other signs of occupation : here were found the silver paterae now in the 
Louvre, and the inscribed bronze tablet of the Due de Luynes. Further 
west, outside the town, on the north slope of the same high ground, is 
a sanctuary of Aphrodite Kourotrophos, found ransacked in 1883, with 
many stone statuettes on the surface ; nursing-mothers, temple-boys, 
flower-holders, &c. (No. 33, KBH. p. 17). 

The necropolis lies in the low ground towards the modern village 
(KBH. iii. 10); it contains all periods, from late (Mykenaean) Bronze Age 
downwards : there are also tombs south of the site, in the Paradfsi 
valley. Excavated in 1883 by 0-R. for Sir Charles Newton (British 
Museum): 1885 for Dr. Diimmler (Cyprus Museum; since dispersed): 
1894-5 for Prussian Secretary of State for Public Instruction (Berlin 
Museum). Late Bronze Age necropolis also (KBH. ii. 29) at Nikolides, q.v. 

Another sanctuary of Aphrodite, close to the west end of Dali village, 
was excavated in 1885 by 0-R. for Mr. C. Watkins. The ground-plan, 

1 Called Muti tu Arvili (Gavrili, ' Gabriel '). Cesnola wrongly calls both hills 
Ambelliri. [O-R.] 

B 2 



4 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

and many votive statues and statuettes were found ; mostly of early date 
(Berlin Museum, and Cypr. ]\Ius. 5601 ff., q. v.). Plan and finds present 
close analogies with those of the sanctuary under the eastern acropolis, 
excavated by Mr. Lang (KBH. x. a, pp. 345-6). This is No. 3, KBH. p. 5. 
The principal sanctuary of Aphrodite, on the eastern acropolis, was iden- 
tified in 1887, and excavated in 1888 and 1894 by 0-R. for the German 
Government. The shrine was found to have been fortified, probably 
early in the Ptolemaic Age ; and most of the carved work and statuary 
of earlier date was found built into the fortress wall (Cypr. Mus. 6301-15). 
The Phoenician inscription (Cypr. Mus. 6300) was found in 1887 in the 
wall of the church of St. George, nearly on the north-east city wall ; and 
presented by the High Commissioner. 

[H. Lang, Trans. Roy. Soc. Literature, second sen xi. pp. 30-79 
(ground -plan, six plates, and illustrations); Colonna Ceccaldi, 
' Mon. Ant, de Chypre,' &c. (1882), pp. 29-31 (ground-plan and 
summary of discoveries) ; KBH. ii-iii (plans), vii (Mr. Watkins' 
excavation), xiii, xvi, xvii. 4; xlviii. 3, 4; xlix-lvii (finds): of. 
Geogr. Index, s. v.; Excav. 1894, 'Times,' Nov. 7, 'Daily Graphic,' 
Dec. 28; forthcoming * Tamassos und Idalion.'] 

Kalopsida (Famagusta District). 

Bronze Age setdement, with pot-factory and necropolis of two periods, 
along the high road between Kalopsfda and Kuklia : notable for the 
local types of red-ware, and peculiar varieties of painted and other 
pottery. Excavated in 1894 by J. L. M. for Cypr. Expl. Fund. Ashmolean 
Museum, Oxford, and Cyprus Museum (v. below, C. ]\L 1-899, Tomb 
Groups, p. 57). 

[Full report in J. H. S. xvii. pp. 138-147.] 

Katydata and Linu : Valley of Soliais (SoLoi). 

Bronze Age necropolis east of the villages of Kat/data and Linu, with 
very late transiuonal tombs towards Graeco-Phoenician : used again 
in Hellenistic and Roman times, ' Samian ' wares being particularly 
common. Excavated by 0-R. in 1883 for Cyprus INIuseum, and 1885 
on his own account (Berlin Museum). ' --- —- - 

[KBH. clxxii. 16-18 (three Tomb Groups); 'Owl,' Nos. 9, 10, 
(skulls).] 

Extensive wholly Hellenistic necropolis, between Katydata, Linu, and 
the monastery of Panagia Skourgiotissa ; containing tombs of two classes : 
(a) Hellenistic (Ptolemaic) tombs with late pottery but no glass ; (3) tombs 
containing much glass, which go on into late Roman times. Another 
necropolis, entirely of glass-tombs, lies south of Linu. Hence a re- 
markable glass tumbler' modelled with four sprays of leaves and fruit, 
in Sir Robert Bidduiph's collection, deposited in South Kensington 
Museum(cf. 0-R. 's water-colour in Cyprus INIuseum, and Cambridge, Fitzw, 
Mus. No. 9 9 (^9(?/w'), apparently from the same mould). The glass from these 
sites is of quite unusual beauty and variety ; especially needle-like toilet 
pencils and finger rings, of variegated glass, e.g. Cypr, Mus. 2770, 2800, 
2808, 2810, 2843, 2896-2901, and KBH. Ixv, 

The Panagia Skourgiotissa, ' Madonna of the Slag-heaps,' derives her 
epithet from the refuse heaps (crKoupytnU, scoriae) of copper-mines still 
visible in the neighbourhood, although deserted since Roman times. 

A sanctuary of a female deity, perhaps Aphrodite, was excavated in 



CHRONICLE OF EXCAVATIONS. 5 

1883 by 0-R. for Cyprus Museum (No. 53, KBH. p. 20). The most 
characteristic offerings were ' ring-dances ' and flute-players. N. B, An early 
silver plate with floral ornament, and a fragmentary bronze plaque 
embossed with a Gigantomachia (?), were also found : the latter is in the 
Cyprus Museum (No. 3870) : cf. C. M. 5401 ff. 

The site of Soloi, four miles down the valley of Soliais, is clearly defined, 
but has not been explored. 0-R. opened tombs in the necropolis in 1883. 
[Chroniques, p. 186.] 

KERYNIA {Ker:fnia). 

Hellenistic necropoHs round modern town ; much plundered ; a few 
confiscated vases, &c. are shown in the castle of Ker/nia. Excavations 
by Capt. Stevenson in 1883. 

A find of Byzantine jewellery was made in 1883 close to the high 
road to Nicosia, about a mile from Ker^^nia. Further excavations by 
0-R. on the spot were fruitless. 

[Cypr, Mus., Nos. 4891-7, published by J. L. M., ' Reliquary and 
Illustrated Archaeologist,' March, 1898.] 

KHYTROI {Kyihrea, Nicosia District). 

Late Bronze Age necropolis at Kephalovrj^si springs, with Mykenaean 
vases and cylinders. 

[KBH. p. 61, figs, eg, 70.] 
The ancient site of Khytroi is at Ag. Demetrianos, half a mile west by 
south-west of Kythr^a, half a mile north of Voni ; prominent acropolis, 
and extensive lower town. 

Sanctuary of Aphrodite Paphia (No. 23, KBH. p. 13), on the hill 
west of the site, identified by two Cypriote inscriptions (Cypr. ]\Ius. 
5390-1); numerous votive offerings (C. M. 5201 ff., q. v.). 

Sanctuary, similar, but without inscriptions, lying at the south-east corner 
of the town (No. 24, KBH. p. 14). 

Sanctuary of Apollo near Vom, i| m. south of the site, with many 
statues and statuettes (No. 2, KBH. p. 2 ; C. M. 5001 ff., q. v.). 

East of Voni are late Roman and Byzantine tombs : no Graeco- 
Phoenician pottery. N.B. a Christian bronze cross (C. M. 4435). 

The three sanctuaries and the tombs were excavated in 1883 by 0-R. 
for the Cyprus Museum. 

[Cypr. Mus. MS. Rep.; Chroniques, p. 186; Mitth. Ath. ix. 127 fiF., 
139 ff., PI. iv, v; KBH. xl, xH, ccxv. Inscriptions: D. Pierides, 
'The Cyprus Museum,' 1883; R. Meister, Die Gr. Dialekte, ii. 
pp. 168-9, ^^o. 14 a-14 c. Cf Collitz. (Deecke) Gr. Dialekt Inschr. 
(Kypr.) No. 2-10 {Khytroi). 

KITION {Larnahd). 

In 1879 the Government filled up the marshy hollow of the ancient 
harbour with the soil of the neighbouring acropolis (Bambiila): a small 
sanctuary, with terracotta and stone figures and two Phoenician inscrip- 
tions, was found in the hill, together with a number of foundations. 

[KBH. cci, cf. p. 479 (plan drawn up by 0-R. for the Govern- 
ment), cxcvii (early Ionic capital, Cypr. Mus. 5599); Ausland, 
1879, p. 970 ff. ; Corpus Inscr. Semit. i. 86, A and B.] 
A marble Artemis (Hellenistic study of a Praxitelean original) was 
found in 1880 in the Saparilla garden in New Larnaka (Scala) : now in 



6 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

Vienna Hof-IMuseum. It appears to have stood in a hall or court with 
frescoes, fragments of which were afterwards found by 0-R. 
[Arch. Zeit. 1880. p. 184, PI. xvii ; KI3H. cciii. 5.] 
The megalithic chamber known as the Phanerom^ni (Chapel of the 
Annunciation) was completely cleared in 1881 for JNIr. C. D. Cobham, 
Commissioner of Larnaka. 

[0-R. Arch. Zeit. 1881, p. 311, PI. xviii; KBH. cxxv. 3, 4; 
Parrot, iii. fig. 209-10.] 
A sanctuary of Artemis Paralia, with late inscriptions and many terra- 
cottas, near the east shore of the Salt Lake, about a mile from Larnaka, 
was found ransacked when excavated in 1881 (No. 7, KBH.). 

The sanctuary on the hill called Batsalos, by the causeway over the Salt 

Lake, was ransacked by L. P. di Cesn.: the ground-plan and a few fragments 

were recovered by J. L. ]\L for the Cypr. Expl. Fund in 1894. A fragment 

of an inscribed marble bowl, from hence, is in the Ashmolean ]\Ius., Oxford. 

[ Colonna Ceccaldi, 'Mon. Ant. de Chypre,' ch. i ; Cesnola, Cyprus, 

PI. ix. flf.; 'Athenaeum,' June 9, 1894 ; J. H. S. xvii : Inscr. publ. by 

Rev.G.A. Cooke, 'Academy,' 1237 (Jan. 18, 1896); No. 8, KBH.] 

The necropolis of Kition represenls_a]ll periods from the earliest Graeco- 

Phoenician (sub-Mykenaean) onwards. Excavations in 1 879-1 882, by 

0-R. for Sir Charles Newton (Brit. Mus.), and 1894, near the Turabi 

T6k6, by J. L. M. for the Cypr. Expl. Fund (Ashm. INIus. and Cypr. Mus., 

Tomb Groups, pp. 177-9: a marble stele, with Phoen. inscription, = Brit. 

Mus. No. 31). A fine two-chambered tomb of masonry was discovered in 

Old Larnaka in 1894, and will be published in 'Tamassos und Idalion.' 

[Chroniques, 173, 269 ; J. H. S. xvii. pp. 152-164 (J. L. I\L); the 

inscriptions, 'Academy,' 1237, 1238 (Jan. 18 and 25, 1896).] 

A sanctuary, with very numerous painted terracottas, was excavated in 

1894 by J. L. M. for Cypr. Expl. Fund in the field called Kamelarga (Kafxri- 

Xapyia, ' the camel-stable '), south- west of Old Larnaka, on the line of the 

ancient wall of Kition. Cypr. Mus. 5501 ff., Ashm. Mus., &c. [J. H. S. 

xvii. p. 164 ff.] 

Ilosci (or Goshi, Larnaka District). 
A sanctuary of Apollo, and an early Graeco-Phoenician necropolis, 
were excavated by 0-R. for Sir C. Newton in i88i. 
[Chroniques, p. 175.] 

Ktima (Papho District). 
A Byzantine tomb with frescoes over the door, and a Roman grave, 
were discovered east of the town, and destroyed, in 1884 by convict 
labourers. There are Hellenistic tombs in the same necropolis. Traces 
of an aqueduct here and at Yeroskfpos (\(pos Krjnos). 

[Cypr. Mus. ]\IS.Rep.iv.p. 28-9: two tombs opened by 0-R. 1885.] 

Kuklia (v. Paphos). 

Kutrdpha and Nikitdri (Larnaka District). 

An early Graeco-Phoenician necropolis (fibula-period), with bronze 
vessels. Excavated in 1885 by 0-R. for Mr. C. Watkins. 

KURION {Eptskopt, Limassol District). 

The acropolis is conspicuous, but the surface remains are few and late. 
The Mykenaean necropolis was not discovered till 1895, but the Graeco- 
Phoenician and Hellenistic have been repeatedly explored : — 

1882. By Mr. G. Hake, for the S. Kens. Mus. Some Gr.-Phoen. tombs: 



CHRONICLE OF EXCAVATIONS. 7 

embossed gold plate : v. p. 34. Hellenistic and Roman tombs with figurine- 
vases and much glass. 

1883. By Messrs. Williamson & Co., and by Major Chard, with 0-R. 
as Government Inspector. Hellenistic tombs without glass, and later 
ones with glass. Cypr. Mus. 2843, 3121, 3135, 3173. 

1883-84. By 0-R. for Col. Warren, S. Brown, and others: deter- 
mining the Graeco-Phoenician necropolis. Rich Hellenic tombs were 
found in the level ground east of the acropolis, near church of Ag. 
Hermogenis. Hence a silver krater (C. M. 4884) and a silver ring with 
carnelian scaraboid (Athene with akrostolion: S. Brown's collection), 
now in the British Museum. Also Cypr. Mus. 3145 (early terracotta). 

1885. By Dr. Diimmler and 0-R. The spot where L. P. di Cesnola 
said that he found the ' Curium Treasure ' was examined before numerous 
witnesses : undisturbed earth was found at a small depth, and the results 
justify an absolute denial of Cesnola's story. He is, however, known to 
have excavated numerous rich tombs on the site. 

1886. By Vicomte E. de Castillon de St. Victor, for the French 
Government, on the same site as 1883. Results in the Louvre: a fine 
series of jewellery (C. M. 4251-3) and some glass (e.g. C. M. 2536) were 
allotted to Cyprus Museum. 

1895. By Mr. H. B. Walters for the British Museum (Turner Bequest). 
A rich Mykenaean necropolis was found, with native pottery of Bronze 
Age types, and a few later gems ; much plundered. Also a temple site 
with Cypriote and Hellenic terracottas, and Cypriote bilingual inscription 
^^rjfirjTpi Kal Kopr], C. M. Tomb Groups, p. 180. 

[1882. South Kens. MS. Report: gives no details of tomb-sroups. 

1883. Cypr. Mus. MS. Reports from J.W.W.&Co., and from 0-R. 

1883-84. KBH. cxcix. 3 (breastplate, in Berl. Mus.); Arch. Zeit. 

1884, p. 166 (Conze, Athene gem): cf. Murray, Handbook of Greek 

Archaeology, p. 152, No. 14 ; 0-R. four papers in "Eo-Trepos', Leipzig, 

1884; Cypr. Mus. MS. Report and Correspondence, June-July, 1 884. 

1885. Chroniques, p. 267: for Cesnola-literature, v. CD. Cobham, 
Bibliography of Cyprus, App. to third ed. 1894. 

1886. Archives des Missions Scientifiques, xvii. 1891. 

1895. 'Times,' Jan. 6, 1896; 'Academy,' 1236 (Jan. 11, 1896); 
Report in preparation, cf. below, p. 180.] 

Laksha (Nicosia District). 

A Bronze Age necropolis. 0-R. in 1885 opened two graves for 
Dr. Diimmler ; contents in Cyprus Museum, now dispersed. 
[Diimmler, Mith. Ath. xi. (1886), p. 213.] 

Laksha hi Riii (one mile north-east of Larnaka). 
A rich Bronze Age necropolis, the full extent of which is not yet 
determined, was discovered in 1894 about ij m. from Larnaka, towards 
Kalokhorio, and explored by J. L. M. for the Cypr. Expl. Fund. 
Mykenaean vases were found in company with a variety of highly 
developed native types. Frequent surreptitious diggings, 1895. 

[' Athenaeum,' 3476, June 9, 1894 ; J. H. S. xvii. pp. 147-152.] 

Lumber tx (v. Tamassos). 

LAPATHOS {Ldpithos, Ker^nia District). 
The ancient site is between the modern village and the sea, with 
Hellenistic and Roman remains. The Bronze Age necropolis is near 



8 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

ihe village ; Gracco-Phoenician tombs in the village itself ; extensive 
Hellenistic and Roman necropolis towards Acheropitu monastery by the 
sea. An important early Graeco-Phoenician tomb, with late IMykenaean 
vases, was found by peasants and seen by 0-R. in 1883 (=Cypr. INIus. 
387, 434, 435, 442=iKBri. clvii. 2, c d e f) : the great vase, KBH. 
clvii, 2, a, of the same tomb is in Berlin INIuseum : the fragment, Cypr. 
Mus. 446, was found on the surface near. Other early vases, confiscated, 
are shown in the castle of Kerfnia. 

[Dummler, IMitlh. Ath.'xi (1886), p. 289.] 

Leonddri Vunb (Nicosia District). 
A flat-topped hill of oval shape, with steep escarpments on all sides, 
about half a mile long, and four miles south of Nicosia, to the west of 
the Larnaka road. The top of the hill narrows about one-third from the 
north end, and at this point there are traces of an ancient roadway on 
the west side. On it, in the north half, are the remains of massive 
masonry of disputed age; a tumulus containing Bronze Age objects; 
traces of an early settlement with cisterns, foundations, and primitive 
millstones ; spindlewhorls and rough pottery ; and, in the south half, 
a number of half-natural burial caves, containing pottery, bronze, silver 
spirals, &c. of Bronze Age types. Excavations by Mr. M. R. James for 
the Cypr. Expl. Fund in 1888 (Cambridge, Fitzwiliiam Museum). 

Oberhummer and 0-R. identify this setdement with Li-di-ir (Lidir- 
Ledroi) of Assyrian tribute lists, and assume a close connexion between 
it and the necropolis of Ag. Paraskevf. 

[J. H. S. ix. (1888), pp. 6-12; Journ. Cypr. Studies, i. (Nicosia, 
1888) ; Schrader, Abh. d. Berl. Akad. 1879, p. 31 ff.; Oberhummer, 
Aus Cypern, i. 32 (214); KBH. clxiv-vi. p. 460]. 

Li:\IESSOS {Limassol). 

Tombs were opened in 1883 near the Commissioner's house. Objects 
of all periods were found, from Egyptizing scarabs and a Proto-Corinthian 
aryballos (C. M. 1501 ; KBH. clii. 18) to Roman coins, lamps, and glass. 
No proper record was kept. Cf. p. 175. Tombs are still constantly 
opened surreptitiously in the neighbourhood of Limassol, Polemfdhia, &c. 
[Chroniques, p. 199, 'Des fouilles tout a fait tumultuaires . . .'] 

Limniti (Papho District). 
A small sanctuary attributed to 'Apollo Amyklaios,' in a plot of ground 
called JNIersineri, west of the mouth of the Limnfti river, and about two 
hours from Levka, was explored in 1889 by Mr. H. Arnold Tubbs 
for the Cypr. Expl. Fund. The little temenos lies close under the side 
of the valley, and immediately above a natural spring. Many votive 
terracottas were found, mostly of native work, with a few specimens of 
fourth-century Greek figurines and pottery, and three small bronze 
statuettes. The site had been previously plundered by natives, some of 
whose spoils are now in Berl. I\Ius., some in Fitzw. Mus., Cambridge, 
presented by Dr. F. H. H. Guillemard ; others, in O-R.'s possession. 

[J.H. S. xi. (1890), pp. 88-91; KBH. xliv-vii; Chroniques, 
pp. 421, 705; Oberhummer, Aus Cypern, pp. 220-38.J 

Liihargiais (near Pe'ra, Nicosia District). 
Bronze Age necropolis with domed graves. 0-R. 1889. 
[Forthcoming ' Tamassos und Idalion.'] 



CHRONICLE OF EXCAVATIONS. 9 

Lithrodonta (Larnaka District). 
Ancient copper-mines near the village. Two miles south-west, near 
ruined church of Ag. Georgios, are remains of varied dates. By the 
spring in the valley here, peasants discovered, and 0-R. excavated in 
1885, a very primitive temenos ; simply a layer of ashes containing late 
Ptolemaic and early imperial coins and lamps; often small separate 
deposits of a lamp and two or three coins together, 

[No. 42, KBH. p. 19 ; Cypr. Mus. MS. Rep. 4. pp. 6-7.] 

Mdri ; Turkish TatUssugu (Larnaka District). 

Graeco-Phoenician necropolis, but no large site : the visible ruins are 
not ancient. Marion was probably at Poll, not at Mari. Excavations 
by 0-R. for Sir Charles Newton in 1881 : finds sent to British Museum ; 
especially two Cypriote oenochoae painted with water-birds. So 0-R. : 
but all these are registered in Brit. Mus. as coming from Enkomi (Salamis). 

Mykenaean necropolis reported 1895-6: Br. Age vessels already in 
a private collection in Larnaka, 1894. 
[Chroniques, p. 188.] 

MARION = ARSINOE {Poli-Us-Khrysokhu, Papho District). 

Marion, the original town, de stro yed by Ptolemy Soter in 312 B.C., is 
identified by O-R. (Hermann, GrabeHeld von Marion, pp. 7, 12 ; KBH. 
pp. 502-504) with some foundations seen in 1885 on rising ground about 
a mile east of Poll village. This is disputed by Mr. J. A. R. Munro 
(J. H. S. xi. p. 6) ; but no decisive evidence has since been brought to 
light as to the exact site. Arsinoe, the Ptolemaic town, is, without 
dispute, in the chiflik immediately north of the village, towards the sea. 

The necropolis is of great extent, and very richly furnished, particularly 
with imported pottery of Attic types. . Marion was the head-quarters of 
the copper trade with the West ' ; which helps to account for the abundant 
Hellenic imports. The necropolis lies in two main divisions, one near 
Arsinoe, and south of Poli village ; the other about a mile further east, 
probably more closely associated with IMarion ; for it appears to contain 
a larger proportion of sixth-, fifth-, and fourth-century tombs ; whereas 
Hellenistic tombs are characteristic of the other : but a number of types 
are certainly common to both. 

Trial diggings were made by 0-R. in 1885, leading to extensive 
excavations (441 tombs) in 1886, principally in the east necropolis, 
for Messrs. Christian, Watkins, and Williamson. The collection thus 
formed was sold by auction in Paris in 1887, with the exception of 
a few pieces sold to the British Museum, and of the Government third, 
a large part of which is still in the Cyprus IMuseum. The only full 
account of this excavation is ' Das Graberfeld von Marion' (79th Winkel- 
mannsfeste Programm, Berlin, 1888), compiled by Dr. P. Hermann from 
the notes of 0-R., who was engaged in the work. 

In 1889-90 further excavations were made in both necropoleis for the 
Cypr. Expl. Fund, by Messrs. Munro and Tubbs, of the British School of 
Archaeology in Athens. Dr. Hermann and 0-R. tend throughout to 
emphasize the contrast between the two sites and the pre-Ptolemaic date 
of the characteristic Cypriote types of pottery. Mr. Munro, however, 

* In the hill country of Tylliria are numerous ancient copper-mines, which appear 
from recent examinations to have exhausted the supply. O-R. dentifies Tylliria 
with the ancient Mount Tyrrhias. 



lO CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

probably goes too far in the other direction, and modifies his first 

conclusions somewhat in his second report. 

[Hermann, Das Graberfeld von IMarion ; Munro, J. H. S. x. 
p. 281 (review of Hermann); xi. pp. 1-99, PI. iii, iv, v; xii. 
pp. 298-332, PI. xiii, xiv, XV ; KBH. xxii-iv, xxvii, Ixii-iv, Ixvii, 
clxxiv, clxxvi-clxxxvii, cxcvii. 3, cxcviii. i, 3, cciii. 3, ccxvi. 30, 
ccxviii (plan), ccxix, and pp. 502-504 (controversial appendix on 
the sites); Chroniques, pp. 303, 357; Gazette des Beaux Arts, 
1887, p. 332; Cypr. Mus. MS. Rep. 4. p. 31 (trials of 1885). 
Hermann gives a bibliography of special publications of results 
of 1886: esp. Dummler, Jahrb. ii. PI. viii, xi ; Murray, J. H. S. 
viii. (1887), p. 317, PI. Ixxxi-ii.] 

Maroni (v. Psemmatism^no). NikoUdes (v. Ag. Sozomenos). 
Nikitdri (v. Kutrapha). 

Ormidhia (Larnaka District). 

A sanctuary outside the village (No. 15, KBH. p. 12) was excavated 
by 0-R. for Sir Charles Newton in 1882: finds in British IMuseum ; 
especially a Kriophoros statue. 

PAPHOS {Kuklid). 

The sanctuary of the Paphian Aphrodite lies close to the village 

of Kiiklia, and was excavated in 18S8 for the Cyprus Exploration 

Fund by INIessrs. Gardner, Hogarth, James, and Elsey Smith. Only 

pavements and foundations of walls were discovered, and very few 

architectural remains. The sanctuary consists of an enclosed court, 

entered from the east between two blocks of pre-Roman buildings, and 

bounded on the north by a pre-Roman portico, and on the south by 

a deeper one of Roman work. South of this again is a detached wing 

|, and portico, with more northerly orientation, but very imperfect, and of 

I uncertain plan ; of earlier work, modified in Roman times, and perhaps 

I representing the original sanctuary. ' Its plan is entirely unlike a Greek 

I or Roman one, and with its comparatively small chambers and the series 

j of large courts, either open or covered in, serves to remind us of 

I !■ Solomon's Temple at Jerusalem, which is almost the only shrine erected 

I J by Phoenician workmen of which there is any detailed record remaining ' 

(Elsey Smith in J. H. S. Report, p. 55). 

A large number of tombs, opened at the same time, in the neighbourhood 
of Kuklia, yielded contents of all periods, from late-lNIykenaean to 
Graeco-Roman ; but the majority had been robbed already of the more 
valuable objects : noteworthy early tombs were allotted to the Cyprus 
Museum (Tomb Groups, p. 174). 

, [Detailed Report in J. H. S. ix (1888), pp. 149-264, Pi. vii-xi, 
with plans, photographs, &c.] 

Phoenichdis (Nicosia District). 

A Bronze Age necropolis wiih Mykenaean vases and native imitations. 

0-R. in 1883 opened tombs for Sir C. Newton : contents in Brit. Mus. One 

grave contained an implement which looked like iron, but proved to be of an 

iron oxide (analysis of Prof Weeren,Techn. Hochschule, Charlottenburg). 

[KBH. p. 33, fig. 29; cl. 12-15; clii.] 



CHRONICLE OE EXCAVATIONS. II 

Psemmah'smeno (Larnaka District). 
An early Bronze Age settlement and necropolis lie on a hill between 
Psenunatismeno 2s^di Maroni ; much plundered by peasants. 0-R. in 1885 
opened two tombs, and two more for Dr. Diimmler : the contents were 
formerly exhibited together in the Cyprus Museum, but in 1894 were 
found dispersed. 

Later Bronze Age necropolis at Zdnikas, close to the sea, south of 
Psemmatismdno and Maroni : very much rifled. Mykenaean vases are 
fairly common. 0-R. acquired here in 1884 a Babylonian gold ring, 
engraved with two seated deities ; rayed sun below, moon above. 

[Cypr. Mus. MS. Rep. 4. p. 8, fig.; Dummler, Mitth. xi. (1886); 
KBH. p. 463, clxviii. i; Zdriikas, KBH. cli. 35 ; J. H. S. xvii. 171 ; 
Cj'pr. Mus. IMS. Rep. 4. p. 9. The ring is now in the Liebermann 
Collecdon, Berlin.] 

Pyla (Larnaka District). 
Bronze Age necropolis with Mykenaean vases ; plundered by peasants 
in 1895. Mykenaean haematite cylinder in Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 

SALAMIS {Enkomi, Ag. Barnabas). 
The megalithic vaulted building known as Ag. Katrina is published in 
J. H. ^ iv. pp. 111-115, PI. xxxiii-iv (0-R.); cf. KBH. clxxv. 5, 9. 

The Hellenistic and Roman necropolis is extensive. Graeco-Phoenician 
tombs were found in 1890, and Mykenaean in 1896. Excavations: — 

1878. By A. P. di Cesnola, surreptitiously: some of the objects were 
confiscated, and are in the Cyprus Museum: v. Index, s.v. Cesnola. 

[A.P. di Cts,x\o\z,Sala?nima, passim: Artemis Paralia sanctuary, p. 96.] 
1880. By 0-R. for Sir Charles Newton (Brit. IMus.), north and west of 
the town. The Enkomi Tomb Group (p. 177) was found about this time. 
[Mitth. Ath.(i88i), pp. 191 flf., 244 flf.; (1883), p. 133 ff.; Athene- 
statuette: P. Gardner, J. H. S. (1881), PL xvi ; A. S. Murray, 
Hist. Gr. Sculpture, PI. xvii; KBH. ccii. i ; Chroniques, pp. 179 ff.; 
Rep. f. Kunstwissenschaft, 1886, ix. p. 204.] 
1882. A Roman house and bath near the Forest-guard's house were 
exposed by 0-R. ; with suspensurae of brickwork, and a fine mosaic 
of mixed stone and glass tesserae, representing [Orpheus] attended by 
beasts; central figure missing; much damaged since by exposure. 

[Chroniques, pp. 179-183; O-R.'s unpublished water-colour 
drawing in Brit. Mus.] 
1882. By Mr. G. Hake for South Kensington INIuseum, near Ag. 
Barnabas Monastery : 45 tombs. 

[Chroniques, p. 1 99 ; S. Kens. IMS. Rep. : no details of Tomb Groups.] 
1890-91. By JMessrs. Munro and Tubbs for Cyprus Expl. Fund. 
The last-named excavated also several sites within the town, which 
is thickly covered with sand-hills ; namely : — 

A. A group of ' Granite Columns ' with massive wall-foundations. 

B. A rectangular portico = 'Temenos of Zeus' (reached in 1882 in 

boring for water and noted by 0-R., cf. Chroniques, pp. 179-80). 

C. The Agora, and ' Loutron ' (reservoir) attached. 

D. ' Daimonostasion ' and cistern : inscr. At6y 2cot^/jos-. 

E. ' Campanopetra ' : Graeco-Phoenician pottery (some quite early), 

associated with Rhodian, b. f. and r. f. wares. A sub-Mykenaean 
fragment is figured, J. H. S. xii. p. 142, fig. 5. 



12 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

F. 'Atrium' of a Roman house. 

G. ' Toumba ' (mound) : an early shrine with elaborately modelled 
and painted terracotta statues of all sizes (seventh and sixth centuries); 
(Brit. Mus., Ashm. Mus., Fitzw. Mus., Cypr. Mus. 5801 ff.). 

H. ' Column Drums' of a large public building. 

[J. H. S. xii. 59-198, 298-333, Tombs, p. 166-7, PI- ^-x, xiii-xv.] 
1 896. By Messrs. A. S. INIurra}- and A. H. Smith for the British Museum 
(Turner Bequest). An extensive Mykenaean necropolis was found with 
richly furnished tombs ; some of unusually late date. 

['Times,' Aug. 13, 1896, v. Tomb Groups, p. 183 below (Report 
in preparation).] 

SOANDOS ? {Siuda, and Vatil), Famagusta District). 

Large Br. Age and early Gr-Phoen. necropolis near Sinda ; Hellenistic 
and Roman near Vatili : much plundered by peasants. The town-site 
is near Sinda, and yields architectural fragments of Hellenistic age. 

SOLOI {Soliah) v. Katydata-Linu. 

TAMASSOS {Frdngissa, Ag. Mm'isos, Lamberil). 

The ancient town-site lies east of Ag. Mndsos Monastery; traces of 
the wall remain; glass-works were discovered in 1885 within the town. 
A sanctuary of the Mijrr;p Qeav within the town (No. 5, KBH.) is identi- 
fied by inscriptions ; and a sanctuary of Apollo (No. 6, KBH.) was 
discovered outside in 1889, The necropoleis, of all periods, and the 
town-sites, were excavated by 0-R. in 1885 for private persons, and in 
1889 and 1894 for the Berlin INIuseum and the Prussian Secretary of State 
for Public Instruction : and at Lambert! (south-east corner of old town ; 
east of Ag. Heraklides Monastery), Graves 1-3 1 (1889) and Graves 
32-50 (1894), for the 'Rudolph Virchow Fund.' 

Another sanctuary of Apollo, with a necropolis, was also excavated 
by 0-R. in 1885, 1889, 1894, at Frd7igtssa, three miles west of Ag. 
Mnasos. Hence (1885) Cypr. Mus. 6000 ff. and the early pictorial vase 
in the British INIuseum (C 120). 

[Chroniques, p. 294 ; KBH. figs. 37, 38 in text (Brit. IMus. vase), vi 
(Plan) ; see forthcoming ' Tamassos und Idalion.'] 

TREMITHUS {Tremithusha, Famagusta District). 

The ancient site lies north-west of the modern village; necropolis 
excavated in 1883 by 0-R. for Cyprus Museum. Hellenistic unpainted 
pottery, especially C. M. 1152 with graffito XAPH2. 
[Chroniques, p. 197.] 

Vitsdda (Nicosia District). 
Sanctuary with Hellenistic statues. Illicit digging by peasants in 1893 
produced the confiscated sculptures, C. M. 5991-7. 

Voni (v. Khytroi). 

Xylotymbu (Famagusta District). 

Two late Graeco-Phoenician tombs of fine masonry, with gable roof built 
as a 'false-arch,' were opened by 0-R. for Sir Charles Newton in 1882. 
[KBH. clxxxix, plans, sections, and contents; J. H. S. iv, p. 116, 
PI. xxxiv, 4, 5.] 

Zdrukas (v. Psemmatism^no). 



INTRODUCTION. 



EARLY MAN IN CYPRUS. 

Nothing can as yet be stated with certainty as to the ethnographical 
afiinities of the first known population of Cyprus. Virchow's ' Schadel 
von Assos und Cypern' was based largely upon skulls from Cesnola's 
collection, that is to say, of unknown provenance and date : and the 
skulls now in Vienna, which were published by Weisbach in ' The Owl ' 
(Nicosia, 1888), Nos. 9, 10, were from Hellenistic graves at LinuK 
In the Bronze Age tombs human remains are very seldom found 
complete enough for determination, and in even the Graeco-Phoenician 
Age the population is already so mixed that there is no security that the 
few specimens which have been published represent the native stock. 
The most recent investigator of Mediterranean ethnology — G. Sergi, 
'Origine e Diffusione della Stirpe Mediterranea' (Roma, 1895) — quotes no 
Cypriote evidence as to race, though he subscribes to the received opinion 
of the place of the island in early culture. In no case, however, can 
a community of culture prove, though it may sometimes suggest, 
a community of race ; and the discussion of Cypriote civilization 
which follows mjust be held to keep the race-question absolutely open. 
We must learn more of the psychology of artistic style before we can say 
that likeness between the elementary canons of the art, even of adjacent 
areas, proves any kinship between their populations. 

I. THE STONE AGE. 

The Stone Age has left, so far as is known, but very slight traces 
in Cyprus. Palaeolithic implements have not been recorded at all ; but 
it must be set against this that the island contains no flint or obsidian, 
and probably no beds analogous to the river-gravels of the North. 

Neolithic implements also are very rare. One celt was bought near 
EpiskopI (Kurion) by Vicomte E. de Castillon de S. Victor in 1886 
(Archives des Missions, xvii, Paris, 1891)^; another, bought in the Karpass, 
was in M. Konstantinides' collection in Nicosia^ (Journ. Cypr. Stud. PI. i. 
252) ; a third is in the collection of Mr. W. T. Taylor, lately the Receiver- 
General of Cyprus; a fourth from Kurion (1895, Brit. Mus.) is cata- 
logued below, No. 470, and a flint knife was bought by O-R. (1895) from 
a peasant of Alambra. Even these, moreover, are isolated finds, and 
no tombs or other deposits of the Stone Age have been discovered at all^ 
hitherto. 

* Those from Lambertl (Tamassos\ excavated in 1894, have reached Prof. Virchow 
in a state which permits them to be studied ; and will be published in ' Taniassos und 
Idalion.' 

English excavators before 1894 uniformly 'respected the relics of the dead ' (J. H. S. 
ix. 27T, xi. 31) : and the skulls stnt home from Amat/ms to the British Museum (now 
ill Univ. Mus., Oxford) were so misused, that they afford no trustworthy results. Two 
from Kalopsida 28 are deposited in the Cyprus Museum. 

2 ' Trouvee a cote des debris d'un squelette dans la partie de la plaine qui est au 
pied de la ville, non loin de I'ancien port ' (p. 6). 

^ Now in O-R.'s possession. 



14 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

In particular, there is no distinct Stone Age pottery. The earliest 
tombs contain, it is true, no bronze ; and the pottery is here of rough 
and coarse workmanship : but no stone implements are found in place of 
the bronze, and the pottery types are all closely related in form to the fine 
work of the developed Bronze Age\ 

The only tumuli in Cyprus are two very doubtful ones near Salamis'^, 
one at Leondari Vuno, and another south-west of Kiiklia^ ; and the 
megalithic monuments at Old Paphos and elsewhere '' are of uncertain 
age. Messrs. Hogarth and Guillcmard described some of the perforated 
stones as the uprights of old oil-presses ''' : and none have any features or 
surroundings which would refer them to a specially Neolithic origin. 

II. THE BRONZE AGE«. 
Distribution of Sites. 

Settlements at Alambra, Agios Soz6menos and Nikolfdes near 
Dali, Lithargiais near Pdra, Leondari Vunb near Nicosia, Kalopsfda near 
Famagusta, and Psemmatism^no near the south coast. 

Tombs (i) at Kat/data and Linvi in the Soliais Valley north of 
Tr6odos; (2) Pera, Politiko, and Phoenichais in side valleys of the upper 
Pidias basin; (3) Alambra (three sites), Agios Soz6menos, Nikolfdes, 
Potamia, and L^'mbia, in the basin of Nfsu and Dali (Idalion) ; (4) Leon- 
dari Vuno, Laksha, and Agia Paraskevj, onthe plateau south and south-west* 
of Nicosia; (5) Kythrda, Dfkomo, and Krinl on the south side of the pass 
over the north range to Ker^'nia ; and at Lapithos (Lapathos) on the 
north coast; (6) Kalopsfda and Sinda on the south side of the Messaoria, 
and Xylotymbu and P/da between Famagusta and Larnaka ; (7) Laksha 
tu Riu north-west of Larnaka; (8) Pentaskino, Zarukas, Psemmatismdno, 
Maroni, Mari, Kalavaso, and Moni, in the valleys south of Stavro Vuni 
and Makhaira, separated from the Dali group only by the low pass between 
the two mountain masses ; and (9) at Episkopi (Kurion) on the south- 
west coast, where there is a regular Mykenaean necropolis; while native 
imitations of Mykenaean vases have been found at Kuklia (Paphos) and 
Politiko (Tamassos) in transitional tombs like those of Kat/data-Linia. 
The locality Throni, given for vases now in Turin INIuseum, rests on 
the authority of L. P. di Cesnola : and seems to refer to some site in 
group 6, To these must now be added (10) a large Mykenaean necropolis 
near Enkomi (Salamis). 

General Characteristics. 

The map of Bronze Age settlements and cemeteries in Cyprus (PI. i. i) 
shows that, with the exception of the little group which occupies the 
passes of the Kerynia mountains, they are confined to the country of 
white limestone and gypsum which encircles the red plutonic mountain 
mass of Troodos, INIakhaira, and Stavro Vuni, and that they are generally 
in or near the river valleys and marshy pasture lands which traverse 
and fringe it. The inference from this distribution, that the inhabitants 
of Cyprus in the Bronze Age w'ere pastoral and agricultural lowlanders, 

* Diimmler, Mitth. Ath. xi. (1886), p. 216. '^ Oberhummer, Aus Cypem, p. 124. 
^ J. H. S. xii. p. 103. * KBH. xviii ; Hogarth, Devia Cypria, PI. iv, p. 46. 

* Cf. megalithic Roman oil-presses in Tripoli, described as temples by H. S. Cowper, 
'Antiquary,' Feb., 1896. 

* The distinction between the earlier Copper Age and the Bronze Age which follows 
the introduction of Tin is sufficiently well established so far as the metallic objects are 
concerned ; but there is no break in the development of objects associated with them. 



INTRODUCTION. 15 

who avoided the forest-clad highlands, is confirmed by the frequency, 
among their pottery, of ladles and of large open bowls often provided 
with spouts (cf. a Cypriote example in Athens, 'Edv. Mova-. No. 95) such 
as are among the essential furniture of a dairy ; and of corn-rubbers or 
saddle-querns (exactly like those from Hissarlik, and those still used, 
for example, on the African Gold Coast), which show that corn was 
ground for food in most of their communities. 

The remains which are referred to the ' Bronze Age ' are distinguished 
by very marked features from all other antiquities found in Cyprus. . 
In the tombs, burial is universal and burning unknown; and the equip- rVYl? 
ment of the tombs is correspondingly elaborate. The native pottery, 
which is abundant and of very varied styles, is never made upon the 
potter's wheel, except close to the end of the period, but is built up by 
hand, and is consequently often coarse and clumsy. 

The commonest metallic objects are axe-heads, dagger-blades, and 
scrapers of very simple forms, like those of Hissarlik and of the earlier 
Bronze Age of Central Europe, and especially of Hungary. They 
are made of bronze containing very little tin, .or even of almost pure 
Qopper, like tlTe earliest Egyptian weapons and those from the lower 
layers at Hissarlik' and all over Europe. Spear-heads of distinct Mykenaean 
type were found in the grave of the ' Ochsen-krater ' at Agia Paraskevf 
(now in Berlin Museum), and at Leondari Vuno. Besides these, simple 
awls, pins, needles, pincers, bracelets, rings, earrings, and beads, tubular 
and spiral — again like those of Central Europe (Much. Kupferzeit^ p. 374, 
&c.) — are found, generally of bronze, but occasionally of ill-refined silver 
lead. No arrow-heads have been found, and archery is only represented 
at all on one cylinder from Kythr^a (Journ. Cypr. Stud. Pl.i. 169); while 
spear-heads, if indeed there are any, are hardly to be distinguished from 
sword and dagger-blades. Fibulae, or safety pins, have not been found 
at all. Necklaces of Egyptian'porcelain beads, of twelfth dynasty fabrics ; 
of coarse native imitations of these, and occasionally of transparent glass 
(e. g. a fine spiral earring in the collection of the late Dr. Tischler, from 
Ag. Paraskevf), are also found ; Egyptian scarabs and other porcelain orna- 
ments are found imported rarely in late Bronze Age tombs : and likewise 
ornaments of ivory, and, very rarely, of electron and gold, especially the 
mountings of engraved cylindrical seals (C. M. 4501-2, cf. p. 33). 

These cylinders, which are sometimes made of steatite, sometimes 
cf porcelain and artificial stone-paste, very closely resemble the early 
Babylonian seals of the same form. The Cyprus Museum has one 
gold-mounted specimen from Agia Paraskevf (No. 4501) which was 
certainly imported from Asia, and bears an inscription in cuneiform 
characters (Bezold, Z. f. Keilinschr. ii.(i885), pp. 191-93; KBH. p. 35), 
but the majority are in a different and coarser style, and appear to be 
of local manufacture. 

Representative Art is exemplified by ornaments modelled on the vases 
in relief, and in the round, as accessories; and by rude clay figurines. 
All of these are discussed in detail in the section on Sculpture and 
Modelling, p. 27. 

^ Compare Schliemann, Ilios, Appendix on Metallurgy ; Sir A. W. Franks, Proc. 
Arch. Congress, Stockholm, p. 346 ; Dr. J- H. Gladstone, Brit. Association Report, 
1893 (Nottingham), Section B, p. 715: 1896 'Liverpool), Section H, p. 930 ; Proc. 
Soc. Bibl. Arch. xii. p. 234 : ' Journ. Anthr. Inst.' xxvi. 309 ff. Prof. Weeren's analyses 
(^in 'Tamassos und Idalion ') establish a distinct Copper Age, before the Bronze Age. 



l6 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

The characteristic Bronze Age pottery, as already stated (p. 14), pre- 
cedes actual bronze-finds in the series of tombs, and begins with 
primitive and rude examples ; but it becomes mature very rapidly both 
in style and in technique. The earliest and, throughout, the commonest 
and most characteristic fabrics are wholly hand-made ; and, consequently, 
lend themselves to unsymmetrical and fantastic modelling. With the 
exception of a few late and tlistinct fabrics, the vessels have _no foot 
or base-ring to enable them to stand upright ; as a rule, the bottom 
is rounded, or at the most very slightly flattened ; at Kalopsida the 
ordinary vessels are even pohiled below'. IMany of the common bowls, 
however, are so balanced that they naturally return to an upright position 
when disturbed. A large number of eminently characteristic forms 
and ornaments seem to be derived from those of gourd-bottles, such 
'■ as are still in common use in Cyprus, and a few from basket-work and 
twisted straw (cf. KBH. xxxiv-v ; and 0-R., 'Parallellen in d. Gebraiichen 
d. Alten u. d. jetzigen Bevolkerung v. Cypern,' Abh. d. Berl. Anthr. Ges. 
1891, pp. 34-44- 

Though the clay is coarse, the characteristic slip is fine, bright red in 
colour (with an ebony-black variety), and polished on the surface with 
stone or horse-tooth burnishers. But as the pottery is often very slightly 
baked, the fine surface layer is inclined to separate and flake off. 

From these points we may probably draw the following conclusions : — 

1. The art of pottery was introduced into Cyprus not much before 
the beginning of the Copper Age : but it is not the result of a multi- 
tudinous invasion from without, for the forms are not represented any- 
where else so abundantly and characteristically ; therefore they are 
probably indigenous, and, if anything, only the technique is introduced 
from elsewhere : it is therefore the result of peaceful intercourse, which 
may be accounted for, like so much else, by the first extension of the 

I copper industry. It is, moreover, not improbable that both pottery and 
i glass-making made their earliest advances in Cyprus in close association 
1 with metallurgy. The perishable nature of the gourd-vessels, which 
the new pottery so quickly replaced, accounts for the absence of any 
traces of their prototypes ; but the modern Cypriote, with characteristic 
conservatism, still prefers gourds for househokl bottles and ladles, and 
still incises geometrical ornaments and concentric circles upon them. 

2. The fact that the Cypriote pottery is hand-made precludes the idea 
that the art was introduced from Egypt, where wheel-made pottery and 
a great terracotta industry are found earlier than the first appearance of 
copper. 

3. A red polished technique and hand-made fabric arc characteristic 
of, and unsurpassed among, the Libyan race, discovered in 1895 by 
Prof Flinders Petrie in the settlements and tombs at Ballas and Naqada 
in Egypt. From this pottery derives, according to the same authority, 
some of the ' Amorite ' culture of Syria. In Egypt, this civilization, which 

[fills the gap between the sixth and the eleventh dynasty, .is practically 
I devoid of metals. But the very rare examples which occur are of 
characteristic forms, which are lale (quasi-Mykenaean) in Cyprus: e.g. the 
bayonet-like dagger in Ashmolean jNIuseum, cf KBH. cli. 27; and in Syria 
derivative i)Oltery seems to be associated with Cypriote types of copper. 
The likeness between the Libyan and the Cypriote red pohshed 

* Cf. the nipple-point bottom of C. M. 59; and Lambcrtl (i8g5\ xxxix. 741 (Berl. 
Mus.) ; also a vase from Teli-el-Hesy. Bliss, ' Mound of Many Cities/ PI. iii, fig. 83, 



INTRODUCTION. 



17 



technique, and between their black deoxidised varieties, is very striking; | 

but the enormous majority of the Libyan forms are from stone types, 
and very few are from gourds; tiiough close parallels of form occur 
among ring-vases and compos'te and fantastic vessels. We cannot 
therefore as yet assume that the practically identical technique was 
introduced into Cyprus from the Libyo-Amorite culture of Syria ; nor, on 
the other hand, that Libya borrowed this also from Cyprus along with the 
metal im[ilements. 

4. The art of adorning the natural clay with patterns in black paint is 
exemplified in Cyprus earlier than anywhere else in the Mediterranean. 
Phoenicia and Hissarlik have yielded no painted pottery; and that of t-mi^ 
Tell-el-Hesy is late and probably derivative ; while that of Cyprus is 
certainly pre-Mykenaeari,. The pigment is a native umber, which is still 
worked. The red paint of the Mykenaean period in Cyprus may have 
been introduced from the contemporary Egyptian pottery. 

The first known culture of Cyprus, thus indicated, whatever may be its 
origin, has already acquired in its earliest known stages a very distinct 
and characteristic style which finds no close parallel in the neighbouring 
areas of the mainland, and must in the present state of our knowledge 
be regarded, in its earliest known form at all events, as an indigenous 
development. 

The great abundance of the tombs on any site where they occur, and 
the marked development and progress which can be traced within the 
limits of the Bronze Age, certainly indicate that this culture was not only 
extensive and vigorous at any given time, but also that it existed over 
%_Jong period. Chronological data are of course few and disputable, 
especially in the earlier sections, where foreign imports are absent or 
very rare : but it is not improbable that at the point where the evidence 
first begins, Cyprus was actually ahead of the neighbouring coasts of the 
Levant, and that for a considerable time after, it may have influenced its 
neighbours, rather than have been influenced by them. 

The Copper Trade. The main cause of this early advance was 
certainly the fact that Cyprus contains the only large depo; its of copper 
ore in the Levant ; the nearest alternative sources bt ing Sinai, which 
supplied Egypt, in part at least, from the beginning of the fourth dynasty .. 
onwards \ and Central Europe, especially on the Hungarian side of the j/' \ -^ 
Carpathians. But in the latter area it seems likely that the knowledge of [l 
the metal, and the earliest types of implements, were introduced from ), 
Cyprus; while the Sinaitic copper seems not to penetrate beyond Egypt, i^ 

It is true that in the latter part of the Bronze Age, Cyprus is subject 
to the influence of the art of Syria and of the IMykenaean centres of the 
Aegean ; but neither these, nor any other foreign influences, can be 
admitted without question in the earlier sections of the period. 

Hissarlik. By far the closest parallels are afforded by the civiliza ion 
of Hissarlik, which is shown to be tyj ical for Anatolia by a small but 
increasing number of isolated finds in Bithynia, Phrygia, and Karia. 
Hissarlik might seem to antedate Cyprus, for its pottery is ruder 
and less characteristic, and metal weapons (except Schliemann's ' great 
treasure,' the date of which is in any case on internal evidence uncertain) 
are very far out-numbered by the stone implements. But Hissarlik, like 
Libya, is remote from any known or probable centre of copper industry, 

^ Sneferu inscription, close under 4000 B. c. Petiie, Hist. Eg. i. p. 36. 

C 



i8 



CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



though it is on the great immemorial route to Europe, via the Hellespont. 
Cyprus and Hungary are the nearest centres and are almost equidistant. 
The pottery of Hissarlik has affinities with that of Cyprus in form, technique, 
and ornament, and seems to have borrowed tlience ^ : but the red ware 
at Hissarlik does not begin till the second town and does not pre- 
dominate till the third ; whereas types of weapons (notably one-edged 
knives, Schuchh. fig. 3, 6i) appear in the first, which are 710I Cypriote 
and arc Hungarian, though they penetrate later as far south as Crete. 
Now there is some reason to believe that the Hungarian, perhaps all 
Central European copper industry, depends upon the Cypriote ; and, 
consequently, Hissarlik, which tlei)ends on the Hungarian, cannot be re- 
garded as earlier in date, though it is certainly more primitive in type than 
that of Cyprus. It is in fact a local development, partly parallel with 
Cyprus, and partly derivative from it ; and stands between the Cypriote, the 
DcUiubian and Alpine, and the Aegean cultures, in a relation which corre- 
s])onds very nearly to the geographical position of these early art provinces. 

Alps Danube 



^ 



r- 



Aegean 



-Hissarlik- 



Cyprus 



Central Europe. In Central Europe itself, the late Neolithic and 
early Bronze (Copper) culture is closely parallel with that of Cyprus, 
in the types of its earliest weapons and the decorative motives of its 
pottery. The communication was undoubtedly by way of the Bosphorus 
and Hellespont ; the red polished fabric, the incised and whitened 
ornament, and some of the simpler forms, reappear in the Mondsee and 
elsewhere ; but wherever similarity can be traced, the superiority, in 
versatility and in finish of ornament, is uniformly on the side of Cyprus. 
At the same time it must be remembered that no demonstrably Cypriote 
specimens of the red polished ware have been recorded outside the 
island : all known Cypriote exports (to Athens, Hissarlik, Thera, Sinjirii, 
Tell-el-Hesy, and Egypt) are of distinct, derivative, and later fabrics ^. 

Th.e Aegean. The occurrence on the acropolis of Athens of Cypriote 
potsherds, and in the Bronze Age settlement of Thera of a ' hemispherical 
bowl' of Cypriote workmanship (cf. C. M. 301-4), of vessels with red 
polished slip, and other tokens of Cypriote influence, prove that communi- 
cation was established between Cyprus and the Aegean be/ore the great age 
of IMykenaean art ; but there are no known traces of a corresponding 
importation of Aegean pottery into Cyprus. Cyprus, that is, thanks 
mainly to its copper industry, was at this time somewhat in advance of 
the Aegean. 

North Syria. The same applies in some measure to the civilization 
of North Syria, exemplified at Sinjirii. The bronze of Sinjirii is probably 
Cypriote. The types there are largely derived from Cypriote types, and in 
some cases there is a strong presumption of Cypriote workmanship. The 
same applies to much of the native pottery, and in particular to the late 
Bronze Age figurines with gigantic earrings (C. M. 464) which appear 
as a local fabric at Sinjirii, and sporadically elsewhere ; though it is not 

V. KBH. cxlvi-cxlix. pp. 451-4. 



^ For parallels between Cyprus and Hissarlik, 
* Journ. Cvpr. Stud. I. p. 6. 



INTRODUCTION. 



19 



clear whether the mainland borrowed from the island, or both from 
a third common source. But at Sinjirli, as in the Aegean, the majority 
of the correspondences are late ; very late Bronze Age pottery, and early 
Graeco-Phoenician pottery and fibulae. 

Phoenicia. Tine earlier civilization of Phoenicia and Palestine is so | ; 
wholly unknown, that no comparison of it with Cypriote culture is of ' j 

much value. The small collections of the Jesuit and American Colleges ^ 
at Beirut contain pottery which resembles some of the distinctly late 
Bronze K%& fabrics of Cyprus, especially certain forms which last on into 
the Graeco-Phoenician Age\ But the most universally characteristic types 
of Cypriote pottery do not reappear at all in Phoenicia, and consequently 
cannot have been borrowed thence. Again, at Tell-el-Hesy, many of the 
imported styles of pottery, which are attributed by Prof Flinders Petrie to 
Phoenicia, are closely allied to the later Bronze Age forms in Cyprus; many 
of them have all the look of imitations of fabrics which are known to be 
indigenous in Cyprus, and in the opinion of some authorities, some of them 
are actual Cypriote exports. In any case the evidence is strongly against 
any original dependence of Cypriote culture on any known Phoenician 
style, and against any appreciable intercommunication between Cyprus, 
and the Phoenician coast and Syria, until the later part of the period. 

Egypt. Finally, in Egypt, the evidence is exactly the same. Copper 
weapons of Cypriote types occur there from the fourth dynasty onwards, 
but are associated with others, which, though equally derived from 
neolithic models, do not occur in Cyprus, Western Asia, or Europe, and 
may be referred to the Sinaitic copper province. But the indigenous 
early Bronze Age pottery of Cyprus (the red polished ware) is nm found ^-v-^-t.-** J 
exported or imitated in Egypt. Only the later fabrics occur : ' Black . ,^ 
punctured ware,' 'Base-ring ware,' and 'Hemispherical bowls' (vide i c -'Vt-H 
below, p. 37-9); and these not till the twelfth dynasty, but then frequently^, - '^ 

and associated with Cretan^ (Proc. Soc. Antiq. Ser. II, vol. xvi. 351 ff.) and -' ^ - 
other Aegean fabrics. In Cyprus, correspondingly, it is among the same 
later styles that Egyptian porcelain ornaments begin to be frequent: they 
are sufficiently characteristic of the twelfth dynasty to serve as date marks. 

Later influences. It has been'arready stated, however, that as time 
went on, the indigenous art of Cyprus was modified and eventually 
transformed by the importation of new processes and motives from 
without. Cyprus lies within reach of four sets of foreign influences ; 
from the north, from the east, from the south, and from the west. 

I. The coast of Cilicia and the north coast of Cyprus are in full view 
of each other: they have always had much in common both physically and 
ethnographically ; and the excavations at Sinjirli have brought much 
evidence to confirm the obvious relations already indicated between 
Cypriote and ' Hittite ' or Syro-Kappadokian culture. Many engraved 
cylinders of the later Bronze Age in Cyprus are practically indistinguish- 
able from those of the mainland of Asia INlinor. All these cylinders go 
back to Babylonian prototypes, and as the series is more continuous on 
the mainland than in Cyprus, it is probable that in this instance, as with 

^ 0-R. bought in Beirut a jug with stiainerspout, painted with sub-Mykenaean 
lattice-triangles, but of local clay. Cf. a few early Gr.-Phoenician vases from Phoenicia 
in the Louvre. 

^ Petrie, Illahun, PI. xiii, xxvii, &c. (Kahun) ; i. (Aegean fabrics, at Kahun). 

^ There appears to be a fragment of this Cretan {Kamdrais) ware from Kurioii 
(1895, Brit. Mus.). 

C 2 



I 



20 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

the distinct class of quasi-Mykenaean cylinders, it is the Cypriote forms 
which are derivative. 

2. At sunrise the Lebanon is clearly visible from Stavro Vuni, and the 
imitations of Babylonian cylinders, already mentioned, point as much to 
Syrian as to Cilician intercourse. Moreover, the presence of genuine 
Babylonian cylinders argues the establishment oHhe more direct route. 
The occurrence among them of one attributed to Sargon P (3000 B.C.: in 
M. Konstantiniiles' collection) of course proves nothing as to the upward 
date of the connexion ; and in any case there is no trace of the pre- 
ponderant Phoenician influence in the second thousand years b. c. which 

\ has been assumed on the authority of late Greek writers. The publication, 
■ in Dr. Bliss's account of the excavations at Tell-el-Hesy (' A Wound of 
INIany Cities,' London Palestine Expl. Fund, 1894), of a mass of new 
material for the early history of the Syrian coast makes it neces;-ary to 
repeat the caution, that until pottery of certain classes has been found 
to be characteristic of finds in Phoenicia iiself, it is not safe to assume 
it to be Phoenician. On the other hand, the frequent occurrence of 
characteristically Cypriote shapes and patterns, especially of 'hemispherical 
bowls' (C. I\L 301-4), is quite as far from proving any ethnic affinity 
between the early inhabitants of Cyprus and the settlers of Tell-el-Hesy, 
or any such site. 

3. Cyprus is, in fair weather, widiin three days' sail of the mouth of the 
Nile; it was, almost certainly, invaded by Thothmes III about_i45o b.c; 
and had probably been visited from F-gypt even earlier for the sake of its 
copper and timber. The cartouche of Thothmes III is extraordinarily 
frequent on scarabs, both Fgy])tian and native, of a later period ; and its 
popularity in Cyprus may, perhaps, partly rest upon the tradition of his 
former connexion with the island. The occurrence of Egyptian scarabs, 
and of porcelain and ivory ornaments, in the Bronze Age tombs has been 
already mentioned^; but beyond these casual imports, which, here as 

j everywhere, were frequently imitated, there is little trace of Egjptian 
influence in Cyprus during the Bronze Age. On the other hand, in 
foreign seldements, and even in Egyptian tombs from the twelfdi d}nasty 
onwards, several of the so-called 'Aegean ' fiibrics of poUery either are cha- 
racteristically Cypriote or are found in equal abundance on Cypriote sites, 

4. The influence from the west is that of the M}kenaean civilization 
alluded to above (p. 18), The IMykcnaean Age is placed between 1700 
and 900 B. c by the find-groups in Egypt, Rhodes, and Mykenae, and 
this date agrees with the best Greek tradition. The preliminary reports 
of the British Museum excavations at Kurion, 1895 ^ which assign 
Mykenaean tombs to the seventh century, cannot be allowed to modify 
this view until they are supported by a full statement of the evidence. 
But INIykenean art has already passed through a series of phases, at the 
point where it first becomes datable ; and the Bronze Age art of Cyprus, 
top, seems to have existed for a very considerable time, before it becomes 
affected by it, 1^ their later stages, however, Cypriote and Mykenaeao 
conventions influence each other strongly ; the latter eventually prevail, 
and pass on with modifications into the period which follows ; but th ere 
is' no sudden or complete extinction of the indigenous styles. '"" ^ 

* Ilommel, Gesch. Bab. u. Assyr. p. 301 ff. Pietschmann, p. 249. 
" Cf. Diimmler, Mittb. Ath. xi. p. 243 : KBH. clxxiii. 22 : CM. 630 ff. 
' E.g. 'Times,' Jan. 6, 1896; 'Academy,' Jan. 11, 1896; for detailed criticism 
vide ' Academy,' Feb. i, i?96(J.L. M.). Also at 6'a/awzj-, v. above, Chron. of Exc. p. 12. 



INTRODUCTION. 21 



III. THE GRAECO-PHOENICIAN AGE. 

From the First Introduction of Iron, to the Ptolemaic Conquest 

OF Cyprus 295 b. c. 

The sites identified with the following cities yield remains belonging to 
this period : — Amathis, Idalion, Kition, Kurion, Lapathos, Marion- 
ARSiNoii, Paphos, Salamis (the Graeco-Phoenician necropolis is unknown), 
Soandos (Sinda), Soloi, Tamassos. The remainder are not certainly 
identified : Akhna, Athidnu, Avg6ro, Gastria, Goshi, Khelonais, Limnfti, 
]\Iari (Tatlisugu), INIazotb, Ormidhia, Polemidhia, Xylotymbu, Yalusa, 
Zygi. ' Dades,' given on L. P. di Cesnola's authority as the locaHty for 
early vases in the Turin Museum, is the classical name of Kavo Kid, 
south of Larnaka. The nearest established site is Larnaka (Kition), 
where such vases are common. 

Nothing could be more complete than the contrast between the remains 
of the Bronze Age, and those of the fully-developed Graeco-Phoenician 
Age. (i) All the ordinary pottery is now made upon the wheel, and with 
the exception of a few types of flasks and barrel-shaped vases all the 
vessels are provided with a foot or base-ring. Relief and incised orna- 
ments are almost wholly absent, and the great majority of the vessels 
found in tombs are ornamented in a wholly different style, with lustreless 
black paint, much of which is applied to the vases while still on the wheel. 

(2) Bronze is still the commonest metal, but iron is frequently used 
throughout the period, and has replaced bronze altogether for knives and 
swords. The lanceheads, both of iron and of bronze, have tubular 
sockets ; this type is borrowed from Mykenae : and fibulae of early but 
not primitive types are in regular use. Gold and silver are frequently 
found, and the latter becomes very common in the sixth and fifth centuries. 

(3) Qj'linders are replaced by conical seals; and both imported and 
native scarabs are numerous and characteristic. 

' The Period of Transition. But though the general characters of the 
two periods difi'er so widely, there is clear evidence of a transidon from 
one to the other. Tombs have been found, of very late Bronze Age at 
Ag. Sozomenos, Nikoh'des, and Lamberti, and of very early Iron Age at 
Kat/'data-Linu, in which both hand-made and wheel-made vases of the 
same types occur together, and a number of forms seem to persist with 
very slight change, especially the common bowls, and some classes of 
flasks, oenochoae and amphorae. The ornament also derives some of its 
characteristic motives from the painted technique of the late Bronze Age ; 
and the most frequent motive of all, the concentric circles (which were 
found, at Lakshk tu Riii, painted upon a hand-made fragment), from the ^ 
incised ornament of the red ware ; ^utthe majority of the elements ' ' ^ 
(latticed triangles, wavy lines, and groups of bands), and__many of th.e '^ ^ 
f9fBis.^.e-. derivexi, often with very slight modification, from the later art ■ 
^LMx^enae, and we may refer the use of the wheel and the wearing of, 
fibulaeTo the same source. In fact, at this point, the correspondence is-' 
very marked between the pottery of Cyprus, and that of Crete, Rhodes, 
Kalymnos, the Aegean Salamis, Attica, and Nauplia. 

The very early appearance of iron, and its great frequency at this time, 
are a measure of the close intercourse of Cyprus with the Syrian coast, 
the only area in whicfi iron-workings may be suspected to be earlier. 



22 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

Cyprus has considerable masses of iron ore of fair quality, and there is 
evidence that they were discovered and worked as soon as the knowledge 
of the metal extentled. 

The Graeco-Phoenician Age has been so named, because throughout 
it Cyprus was the principal m-eeting-point of Greek colonists and traders 
from the West, and of Phoenicians from the East. At its opening, the 
T\Iykenaean thalassocracy is decadent, and the ' Peoples of tlie Isles of 
the Sea ' are being thrust back before the rapid seaward expansion of 
Phoenicia. Tlie state of the Eastern Mediterranean at this time is well 
depicted in the Homeric poems, but the story of the Greek colonization 
of Cyprus is still obscure. All that is clear is that the first Greek settlers 
used a similar dialect to that of the earlier strata of population in 
Peloponnesos, and that they were established in Cyprus before the spread 
of the Hellenic type of alphabetic writing ; for the Cypriote syllabary is 
shown by the discoveries of ]\Ir. A. J. Evans (Cretan Pictographs, &c., 
1895=]. H. S. xiv. 270 ff.), to be closely connected with, and probably 
dejivative from, the Aegean hieroglyphic system. But, as elsewliere, the 
first colonists seem to have mixed freely with the aboriginal population, 
so as to give rise in this isolated corner of the Greek world to a peculiarly 
distinct type of the Hellenic stock, and to a local and characteristic culture. 

Of the Phoenician settlers and traders even less is known, for we have 
not at present any adequate evidence as to the character of the civilization 
which they brought with them. Their inscriptions are found earlier in 
Cyprus than in Phoenicia, but even here not before the ninth centuryj 
and associated already with fully formed Cypriote pottery ; and it is very 
probable that here, as elsewhere, they had no original art of their own, 
but borrowed from Cypriote — eventually from Mykenaean — sources, 
just as they borrowed from Assyria and Egypt. It is probably more 
than a coincidence that on the hand-made, gourd-formed, fantastic and 
composite pottery of the modern Kabyles in the Hinterland of Carthage 
is retained a scheme of ornamentation in black paint with red accessory 
bands, which in all essentials is exactly parallel with that of Cyi)riote 
pottery in the centuries when Africa was first exploited by Phoenician 
merchants. But until the eaily necropolis of Carthage has been explored, 
this must remain only a tempting and probable conjecture". 

Though no break occurs in the development of Cypriote pottery, and 
associated objects of native workmanship, from the beginning of the 
Graeco-Phoenician Age down to the Ptolemaean occupation of Cyprus, 
it is convenient, on account of such change as does occur, to divide the 
period into two, at the moment when vases and other objects of Hellenic, 
and particularly of Attic, workmanship, begin to appear in Cypriote sites 
and tombs. This is best illustrated by the record'- of shafts sunk at Salamis, 
the only first-rate site in Cyprus which has not been ruined by denudation. 

The moment thus indicated corresponds not only with that at which 
change is most rapid in the series of native pottery, but also with that at 
which Cypriote art in general attains its highest artistic level ; only to 
lose thenceforward both its originality and its technical finish ; and to 
give way, though for a long while very slowly, before the influx of Hellenic 
fashions which became dominant in the island some three centuries later. 

'■ Many of the forms of the earlier Carthaginian pottery already discovered correspond 
with Cypriote forms of the eighth and seventh centuries approximately: cf. Delattre, 
Tombeaux Puniqucs, 1890; Necr. Punique de Carthage, 1896. For the Kabyle pottery, 
cf. Goodyear, Grammar of the Lotus, p. 381. -' J. H. S. xii. p. 142. 



INTRODUCTION. 



23 



The Art of Cyprus down to this point is strongly geometrical in 
character, and this tendency never wholly disappears. It is probably 
more than a coincidence that at the present day the native decoration of 
gourds, woodwork, &c., has the same features ; even though in repre- 
sentations of men, &c., there is some attempt at a realistic treatment. 

But the geometrical style of Cyprus is not derived from the corre- 
sponding styles of Rhodes, Crete, and Hellas.' Vases of 'Dipylon' style 
were occasionally imported, e.g. a fragment from Amathus (1894, Brit. 
Mus.), a vase from Goshi (0-R. 1883* Brit. INlus.), and (probably) the 
magnificent vase in the Cesnola collection (KBH. Ixxxix). Native imita- 
tions also are found rarely, e. g. Amathus 94 (Brit. Mus.), Athienu (0-R. 
coll.). The technique of the concentric circles, which were made with a 
cluster of small brushes attached to a pair of compasses, beneath which 
the vase was often made to rotate on its side, is identical in Cypriote and 
Dipylon vases ; and many other elements of ornament are found to 
be closely parallel. At present, however, it is impossible to say with 
certainty which style borrowed from the other; only the continuance of 
the bronze trade, the precocity of the iron industry, and the clearer 
evidence of early artistic activity favour the presumption that Cyprus 
may in many cases have taken the lead, ^fhe use of red paint in any 
case seems to occur earlier in Cyprus ; and may have been borrowed 
thence by Boeotia, Euboea, and South Italy. The truih, in fact, seems 
to be that early Graeco-Phoenician art, while springing mainly from 
the same root (the later IMykenaean), parts company at once with the 
geometrical art of Hellas ; and for a long while only comes into contact 
with it rarely and accidentally. 

After a while, and apparently somewhat earlier than in the Aegean 
ares', Oriental, and especially Egyptian imports, and consequently orienta- 
lizing motives begin to appear. The lotos, in particular, insinuates itself 
into the geometrical panels of the pottery (see Goodyear, Grammar of 
the Lotus, London, 189 1, PI. xlvii-1), and the 'snow-man' technique 
begins to be supplanted by the new art of pressing clay in a mould 
invented under Dynasty xviii in Egypt. Scarabs, of steatite and porcelain, 
with both Egyptizing and native representations, are not uncommon in 
eighth and seventh century tombs, especially at Amathus and Kition ; 
a very bright blue chalky paste being peculiarly common and characteristic 
(C. M. 4565 ff.); but porcelain is not frequently imported, except from 
Naukratis and in the sixth century. Dome-shaped, pyramidal, and conical 
seals are also found, of porcelain, steatite, and hard stones, such as quartz 
and haematite, perforated near the apex, and engraved in the native style. 
The coarser work is very like that of the most degenerate of the lenticular 
'Island-gems' of the Aegean, which are very rare in Cyprus; the finer 
specimens recall the style of the earlier ' Island-gems.' The large clumsy 
beads of variegated glass, spherical or cylindrical, are probably of native 
make, and may be a by-product of the copper industry ; for the glass 
(or rather vitreous slag) is highly vesicular, and almost pumice-like in 
texture (v. p. 100, Note prefixed to General Catalogue of Glass). The 
double-cone-shaped stone beads (which first appear in the later Bronze 
Age "xiLaksha tu Riii (p. 58), Ag.Paraskevi, Episkopi, Sec), the plano-convex 
spindlewhorls, and the objects of bone and ivory have drilled concentric 
circles, or geometrical engraving: one whorl in the IMuseum (C. IM. 731) 
has the tangent-circles ^^0\o\,o^-. which belong to the early bone 
and bronze style of the Iron Age of Hellas, and occur on Dipylon pottery. 



24 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

But there is little trace in C3-prus of the so-called 'orientalizing' 
tendency which determines the character of those styles which in Hellas 
succeed the geometrical, and precede the developed Hellenic styles. 
: Coni^cqucnlly the geometrical is perpetuated in Cyprus in a continuous 
• but independent development, until the advent of black-figureTAltic vases^ 
and other characteristic products of the later sixth century. 
- Vases, such as KBH. xix, xx, xxi, mark wh.it we may by analogy call 
the ' Phaleric ' stage of the Cypriote series, and the comparison is 
probably valid between the form "bf the Melian amphorae (though these 
have a high foot), and that of a characteristic seventh-sixth century 
Cypriote type (C. M. 1134 fT.), and also between the deer, KBH.cxviii. 5, 
cxi. 3, Ixi (cf. xix), clii. 19 (lxxiv-v,=Ashm. Cyp. 441), water-fowl, &c., 
cviii. 2, cxiii. 3, and ' sacred trees,' clii. 19, which are the principal motives 
of a rare but very fine ' orientalizing ' fabric in Cyprus, and the deer and 
birds of the finest ' Rhodian' ware. Cf. Boeotian birds and trees, Mon. Piot. 
i. Pi. iii ; and for possible influence of Cyprus on Rhodes, KBH. Ixxxix. 
This comparatively rapid change already noticed, between the seventh 
and sixth centuries, maTBe thus summarized. The following characteristic 
forms disappear:— all the fibulae, which seem to be replaced by buttons; 
the embossed ornaments of thin gold plate; and the earrings with 
mulberry-shaped pendents, iron knives, and swords go on later into the 
sixUi century at Poli, and then likewise disappear. The tendency, how- 
ever, is already apparent to replace them in I'omb Groups by an elaborate 
series of bronze vessels and articles of furniture and the toilet, probably valid 
as an indication of a contemporary advance in social and political stability. 
Among the pottery, the animal vases, rude clay ducks, warriors, and 
f waggons of ' snow-man ' technique still continue ; but the large kraters, 
the barrel-shaped vessels, and the globular or flattened flasks, which are 
characteristic of the eighth-seventh century, begin to disappear ; and the 
series of forms becomes smi^jleTj oenochoae, amphorae, and simple 
bowls predominating. The characteristic motives of geometrical art fall 
out of use about the same time; first the distinctly Mykenaean survivals — 
latticed triangles, wavy lines, and groups of bands ; then the diagonally 
divided rectangular panel with its lotos and lattice-work filling, the swastika, 

A 
the arrow-head ornament ^ , the tree-ornament, and the archaic water- 

A 

fowl. The concentric circles either become subordinate and disappear, 
or take a new development in the ' vertical circle ' motive, which, though 
it begins in the Mykenaean Age, and is found on Cretan (sub-I\Iykenaean) 
and on Dipylon vases, e.g. Bri/. A 387-8, does not become characteristic in 
Cyprus till the^sixth century, except in the small red ware, tn other cases, 
e.g. at Poll (KBH. xxiii-iv, clxxx), the small gioups of concentric circles 
break up into rosettes and floral ornaments under early Hellenic in- 
I; fluences. At the same time first appear the embossed silver bowls, aijd 
an increasing wealth of silver jewellery of all kinds; bro'nze' shields, 
helmets, and breastplates (rarely) ; and on the pottery the groups of 
large vertical circles ^ lotos flowers from Egypt ^ and a new series of more 
naturalistic trees and birds (Poli, KBH. xxii-xxiv) ; and therewith the 
rosetle_ as a field and panel filling (especially at Amathus) and the 
admission of a row of white points running along the dark bands of the 
ornament. 

* The lotos begins on the earlier orientalizing vases of the viii-vii century. 



INTRODUCTION. 25 

The Period of Greek Influence, as already mentioned, does not really ' I 
begin before the time of the black-figured Attic pottery. The Museum j 
possesses one specimen of Proto-Corinthian fabric found near Limassol * 
(1501) KBH.clii. 18, and three of poor Rhodian work, from Poli( 1511-1 4): 
but such examples are very rare\ The great Dipylon vase in New York 
would fall into the same category if anything definite were known about it. 
The rare porcelain vessels, like that from Amathus 8 (British Museum), 
which might have been referred to Rhodes, do not seem to occur much, 
if at all, earlier than the first Attic vases; that from Amathus 228 (British 
Museum) is dated by a Ptolemaic drachma, and is almost certainly of 
Egyptian manufacture : 2503 (Amathus 293) may be of even later date. 

The Attic vases above alluded to are among the most important 
evidences for date wherever they are found; for the circumstances of their 
manufacture are very exactly known. They fall into two great classes : 
(i) Black-figured : about 600-450 B.C. The earlier are those of bright 
red clay, with figures and ornaments in lustrous black glaze : the details 
of the design are often incised through the glaze into the red ground 
below ; and, in the earlier specimens, hair, embroidered draperies, &c., 
are indicated by lustreless white and purple-red laid on over the black 
glaze. The drawing always retains some of its earlier stiffness, but the 
best and latest specimens approach very nearly to the earliest of the style 
which follows. (2) Red-figured : about 500-200 B.C. In this class the 
figures and designs are left in the red clay, while the whole of the back- 
ground is covered with the black glaze. Details within the red are drawn 
in black, or occasionally in thin lustrous red : and white and purple-red 
additions are very rare. White reappears, however, along with the gilded 
details which are introduced in the fourth century. The style is at 
first archaic, but soon becomes free and mature (450-400 b. c.) and then 
rapidly degenerates, both in design and in execution : careless work, 
however, is not a certain proof of later date. It will be seen that for 
a short time the red- and black-figured styles were in vogue together ; 
so that where specimens of both are found, the group is fixed within very 
nirrow limits. Some allowance, however, must probably be made for 
the acquisition of vases early in the life of their owner ; and for the burial 
of heirlooms, though there is reason to believe that the latter custom was 
very rare. (3) Plain and Stamped Black-glazed Ware, occasionally left 
red at the bottom, comes into use about 550 b. c, and outlasts the red- 
figured vases ; but earlier and later examples can be distinguished by 
their shape and fabric. Some later specimens have moulded or modelled 
decorations in relief (C. ]\I. lyyiff.); others have patterns built up of 
impressions of palmette, lotos, and other elements, from stamps like those 
of a bookbinder (C. M. 1830 if). (4) White Lekythi (450-400 b. c), e.g. 
C. M. 1698. 

The tomb-groups exhibited in the Museum, and described p. 173 ff-, 
sufficiently illustrate the method by which the chronology of the native 
pottery is established, and the lamentably slight degree of accuracy which 
is at i^resent attainable : so that it only remains to summarize the principal 
varieties, in the type collection which follows (p. 63 ff.). The dates are, as 
far as possible, qualified by localities ; for among so many independent 

' There are other Proto-Corinthian vases in private possession in Limassol : Rho- 
dian fragment from Salamis (Brit. Mus.: J. H. S. xii. 312, fig. i h, cf. 136): Naukratite 
ware from Salamis J. H.S. xii. 141 ;, Amathus (1894, Brit.) : Corinthian (orientalizing) 
from A'ition (Cesn. Sal. p. 226, fig. 252), 7W/ (CEF. T. 29). 



26 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

communiiies as existed in Cyprus, forms may easily have appeared earlier, 
or disappeared later, in one place than in another : and, in fact, whereas the 
uncontaminated geometrical style varies but little all over the island, the 
native art begins at once, when Hellenic importations become common, 
to pass to new forms and motives, and to split up into local schools. 

Messrs. E. A. Gardner, J. A. R. Munro, and others believe that the 
geometrical and other Cypriote pottery often found in tombs together 
with glass vessels and Hellenistic and Roman bronzes and coins, is of 
the same age as the latter, and support ihcir view by the a priori 
consideration of the admitted conservatism of Cypriote culture. But 
it is probable that the frecjucncy of reburials has been underestimated, as 
was the case also for a while during the recent excavations at Amathus. 
The clue is given by undisturbed tombs like Amathus 240 (Brit. Mus.), 
where a distinct layer of earth intervenes between the Cypriote and Graeco- 
Roman interments; and these indisputable instances are rare\ though they 
were already recognized by 0-R. in the Poll excavations of 1886. The 
Tomb Groups from Kition (Turabi site, 1894 ; v. below, p. 177: detailed 
report in J. H. S. xvii) point to the same conclusion. Here the necropolis is 
less crowded, and reburials consequently less frequent. Graeco-Roman and 
Cypriote tombs, some of the latter very degenerate, occur side by side, 
and the impai?i/ed pottery forms a continuous series : but painted Cypriote 
vases were never found with glass vessels or coins ; except in one shaft 
(Nos. 31-37), whei-e the contents o{ four collapsed tombs, three of them 
Graeco-Roman, were found mixed together. Mr. H. B. Walters found 
jugs of red ware with opaque polychrome painting in Roman tombs at 
Kurion (1S95), but nothing with the umber paint on the light ground. 

IV. THE HELLENISTIC AGE. 

The conquest of Cyprus by Ptolemy I of Egypt, in 295 b. c, marks 
the completion of the process by which the island is brought into the 
main line of Greek civilization, and a point at which native Cypriote art 
seems to die out rapidly and completely. The chronology of the ' Hellen- 
istic Age,' which follows, is very obscure, for though Ptolemaic coins are 
found commonly in Cyprus, the practice of burying coins with the dead 
does not begin to be general till Roman Imperial times'-; besides which, 
the contents of Ptolemaic tombs, being usually of slight artistic value, have 
been but little sought after, and still less scientifically studied. Recent 
excavations at Kition (Larnaka) and at Idalion (Dali), to be published 
in detail elsewhere •'', confirm the impression given by the results from 
Amathus, and from Poll, so far as the latter are intelligible — (i) Painted 
Cypriote vessels disappear altogether early in the third century. (2) Certain 
forms of wine amphorae are typical of the latest tombs in which Cypriote 
vessels occur, and are themselves replaced by other types in the tombs in 
which coins are found. (3) Vessels of transparent blown-glass make their 
first appearance in the latter part of the Ptolemaic period, and replace 
pottery almost entirely in the Roman tombs. (4) Vessels of opaque 
variegated glass, cast on a sand core, which appear rarely in sixih- 

^ In tombs like Poli 52. II, where a Graeco-Roman layer is found below a Cypriote 
layer, the later tomb has luidermincd the earlier. 

^ Exceptions are Amathus 287 (British Museum) and Poli 41. II, whence the gold 
earrings, C. M. 4099 (KBH. p. 494) : roli, CEF. 40 (J. H. S. xii. 313), CEF. 70 (id. 

■* Kition, J. H. S. xvii. Idalion, Tamassos und Idalion (forthcoming). 



INTRODUCTION. 27 

century tombs — {a) reappear along with the blown-glass, (5) are never 
found without it, and (c) degenerate in beauty and finish in later examples; 
while they are always distinguishable from the sixth-century fabric. 
(5) A complete change takes place in the style of goldsmith's work ; fine 
filagree and chased work disappearing altogether, and silver going almost 
wholly out of use. (6) Surface graves come into common use alongside 
of the rock-cut tombs, and are marked by sk/ae or gravestones. (7) The 
painted stelae, which are common at Amathus, seem to belong to the 
third century, and represent a local and transitory fashion. (8) The short 

columnar cippi, with the formula XPHSTE XAIPE, which go on 

into Roman times, seem to begin in the second century b.c. 

CYPRIOTE SCULPTURE AND MODELLINGS 

Representative Art is exemplified already in the Bronze Age by the 
ornaments modelled in relief upon vases, in the shape of trees, snakes, 
deer, and mouflon ; and in one case (in M. Konstantinides' coll.) of a 
human figure. INIiniature vases, trees, doves, cattle (C. M. 461), and 
human beings are also added in the round as accessories upon vases, 
tripods, and other utensils. Rude clay figurines also occur independently, 
and are of several types, (i) Flat^and more or less rectangular, like a board, 
which is their obvious prototype, with the features and limbs incised and 
filled with white, like the vases, and npjrace of foreign influence (CM. 462, 
KBH. p. 33, fig. 29 (Phoenichais, Brit. Mus.), Ixxxvi; cf xxxvi. Heuzey, 
Nos. 1-4). Relief ornament is occasionally found, (ii) Nude female figures . 
modelled in the round and related on the one hand to the leaden figure 
from Hissarlik (Schl. Ilios, fig. 226; Schuchh. fig. 60), to the marble figures 
of the Cyclades and Crete, and to the figurines of Mykenae and Central 
Europe ; and on the other, more closely, to the grosser and mainly 
later figurines and reliefs of the Syrian coast, which in their turn deter- 
mine the character of many Cypriote figurines of the next period. These 
round-modelled figures are again of two main forms with a tjiird non- 
descript series — {a) rude and exaggerated forms with bird-Hke faces, and 
often with enormous earrings which hang freely from perforated exten- 
sions'of the sides of the head ; unpainted, with details incised (C. M. 464 
(Nikolides) cf. KBH. p. 34, fig. 32, xxxvii. 6 (Ag. Paraskevi); cf. same type 
frequently at Sinjirli) ^ [b) Much better modelled, though the face is still 
bird-like ; sometimes incised, but often ornamented with the^black and red 
p aints which become characteristic of the earh; Graeco-Phoenician Age ^^K^ 
(specimen in Ashmolean Museum (Ag. Par.': Konst. coll.); sp. in Berlin '' 
(Ag. Par.), KBH. p. 34, figs. 31-33 spp.; Kurion, C.M.466, andBrit.Mus.). 
(c) A number of most inadequate and quite nondescript prototypes of what 
will be described as the ' snow-man ' technique of the next age. Here the 
main outlines of limbs an^eatiires are modelled with the fingers in coarse 
clay ; but eyes, ears, hair, ornaments, and other accessories are expressed 
by "the addition of separate morsels of clay, which often are not thoroughly 
incorporated, and are easily broken away, e. g. C. M. 463 : 5402, and 
^- M. 5555, where a moulded face has been modified by the addition of 
a beard ; cf Heuzey, Nos. 28-56. (iii) Figures of oxen, well modelled, 

' Cf. the admirable essay prefixed to the Cypriote section of M. Heuzey's ' Figurines 
Antiques du Louvre.' 

''■ Cf. Tell-cl-Hesy ('Mound of Many Cities,' 1894, fig. in). Spp. in Brit. Mus., 
Fitzw. Mus., Ashm. Mus., and Liverpool Mus. (9/'3/y7/i2). 



88 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

with long horns and projecting eyes^ The fabric is identical with that of 
the base-ring ware (No. I. 3. p. 37), e. g. CM. 467-9 : 3321. 

Already in the Transitional Period, and probably in part at least under 
Mykenaean influences, this native Cypriote technique begins to acquire the 
rudiments of a characteristic style, with conventional types, poses, and 
canons of i)roportion and expression, which, though very susceptible of 
a series of foreign influences, maintains itself, in the inferior and more 
provincial work of each period, and does not wholly disappear until the 
IHolemaean Age. 

It is worth noting that the style of native Karian stat uettes from the 
neighbourhood of Halikarnassos and Theangela(to be described shortly 
in J. H. S. xvii) follows exactly the same canons, and is affected by the same 
I influences as that of the early Cypriote terracottas. It is marked by a 
realistic intention, which occasionally and in detail finds nearly adequate 
expression, but is usually hampered by an extreme barrenness of resource 
and inadequacy of execution. Hence, on the one hand, the tendency to 
emphasize and exaggerate features and attributes, by unduly studious 
and elaborate working ; on the other, to preserve what is at first 
sight an archaistic stiffness of pose and composition. Something must 
be allowed, however, for the inadequacy of the native materials. The 
p ot-clay s of Cyprus are for the most part either gritty, or adhesive 
from the presence of gypsum and magnesian minerals; and consequently 
incapable_of jieaHy fine modelling, either freehand or~in any but the 
simplest and shallowest moulds. Exception must of course be made here 
in favour of the finest and most careful work of all periods, and in jiarticular 
for a large and beautiful class of luirely Heljenic figurines of the fourth, 
third, and second centuries, most common at Poli and Larnaka. 

The long narrow proportions of the earlier, and even much of the later 
sculpture, and their excessive shallowness from front to back, are largely 
due to the fact that the soft native limestone of which, in the absence of 
marble, they are universally made, splits naturally into slabs of not much 
more than ^sTx inches in thickness, and often very much less ; and tliese 
longitudinally, more readily than in the transverse direction: consequently 
all work has to be conceived in unduly low relief. Moreover, the fact 
that Cypriote sculptors never had the opportunity of working in marble 
is probably the reason why they never acquire an adequate chisel tech- 
nique, and depend so largely upon the use of the knife; which is appropriate 
•to the soft material, but always gives an archaic and exaggerated look. 

Stone-sculpture, however, is hardly represented before the Assyrian 
'conquests in the eighth and seventh centuries, when native kings, Greek 
settlers, and Phoenician merchants alike paid tribute to Sargon (704) 
and later to Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal ^^^d Cyprus was for the first 
time brought into direct political contact with the great powers of the 
mainland. The immediate and conspicuous result was the appearance.. 
of an Assyrian convention in Cypriote modelling, which, though it does 
not fundamentally or permanently modify the native canons, produces 
for the time a marked revolution in technique, and the treatment of 
details and accessories. The forms become fuller, the features definite 
and realistic, and the pose more forcible, while for the first time the 
drapery is treated as a distinct element, and elaborated with even 

' Cf. the ej'es of the female figures of Type ii. a, l>. 

* Stele of Sargon (Larnaka), in Berlin Museum. Cf. Menant, Annales des rois 
d'Assyrie, p. 208 ; Zeitschr. f. Aegypt. Spiache, ix. 68-72 ; Abh. Berl. Akad. 18S1. 



INTRODUCTION. 29 

excessive attention. The types of Cypriote armour become fixed about 
the same time, and under the same, mainly Assyrian, influences, and con- 
sequently the whole class of male warrior types, which are very frequent, 
retains the impress of this period most persistently {CM. 3147,5541-2). 

The only examples of this style, of which even fragments remain in 
the Cyprus Museum, are tl;e collections of votive statues from Tamassos 
6012 ff., Dali 5723 ff. (cf KBH. lii-liii), and Salamis 5801 flf. (the Toumba 
site; cf. J. H. S. xii. fig. 8, 9, PI. ix, x), all notable for the great size of their 
chcfs-d'ceuvre. The Colossos of Tamassos (C. M. 6016) must have been 
nearly 3m. in height. The Toumba statues retain rich colouring, which, 
though executed only in the customary black and red, with occasional 
white and very rare touches of yellow ', not only gives an unique idea of 
the design and the ornament of the costumes, but succeeds in rendering 
even the complexion of the flesh parts and the texture of the hair ; the 
latter, in a boldly conventional, but certainly effective manner, by the 
employment of incised lines, and impressions of various dies like those 
of a bookbinder. Cf. Heuzey, Nos 84-91 ; Brit. Mus. A. 59-70. 

This Assyrian style might have had more permanent and far-reaching 
effects than it had, but that the accession of the twenty-sixth dynasty in 
Egypt, and the opening of ' treaty ports ' to Greek adventurers by 
Psammelichos and his successors, brought Cyprus at once within the 
full range of the influence of Egyptian art ; which modified the native 
style profoundly, in two main directions: — 

(i) Stone figures at once become common, with foldless drapery, 
long narrow figure, stjff formal pose, and characteristic head-dress and 
cast of features. These, continue through the later seventh, and ihrough- 
oiit the sixth century; some, in fine white stone, are perhaps imports 
from Egypt, e.g. Amathus 91 (CM. 3076); but the great majority are of 
Cypriote stone. 

The very striking likeness between these figures and those found at 
Naukratis leads to the vexed question of the relation of the Cypriote 
and the Naukralile schools. Cyprus certainly was now receiving much 
from Egypt, and could only receive it freely through Naukratis ; but it 
is difficult not to see a Cypriote element in much of the Naukratite work, 
and we have one probably historical case of the importation of a Cypriote 
statue to Naukratis (Athenaeus xv. 676) ; cf. KBH. ccxiv (parallel types). 
(2) About the same time, among the terracottas, the 'snow-man' 
technique and the Assyrian style, both of which are modelled freehand, 
begin to give way before the art newly introduced from Egypt, of 
pressing clay in a mould, a time- and labour-saving process which cer- 
tainly raises the general level of style, but tends very seriously to limit 
the range of composition, and to encourage the dissipation of energy 
in the elaboration of variants of a few fixed types. The capacities and 
also the limitations of the new art were fully — even too fully — appreciated 
in Cyprus ; and the earlier, almost purely Egyptian types (CM. 5544 ff.) 
were quickly adapted to native taste (e.g. C.AI. 3001 ff., 5258 ff., 5448 ff. ; 
cf. Heuzey, Nos. 57-63; 105-122). The older art of modelling, however, 
survived alongside of the new art of moulding, and, further, a large series 
of intermediates occurs, in which either (a) the whole figure is moulded, 
and accessories are added in plasiic pellets and ribbons, applied like 
the older relief ornament, and kneaded more or less firmly into the 

' Statues from Tamassos (Warren Coll.) show green, as well as yellow. 



30 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

mass (C. M. 3035, 5445; Heuzey, Nos. 64-81); (0) or else the outlines 
are modelled, and the head, or at least the face, is supplied, for 
greater precision of feature, from a mould (CM. 5503 ff. ; Heuzey, 
kos. 64-81). 

Hellenic canons had already begun to affect the native style in the 
sixth century; the marble torso from Poli, 92 IP, may very well be 
actually Hellenic, and imported; but a well-marked type of sculpture 
in Cypriote limestone, and figurines in Cypriote clay, show unmistak- 
ably the upturned eyes, strong nose, prominent pointed chin, and 
conventional smile, which are characteristic throughout the Levant of 
Hellenic influenced 

But the course of events in the island in the period of Persian aggres- 
sion excluded Cyprus from any close or continuous intercourse with the 
new and more progressive centres of Hellenic art. The balance of 
power which had long existed between Hellenic. Phoenician, and native 
kinglets, kept Cyprus disunited, and practically neutral, during the 
struggle between Hellas and Persia, and isolated during the great period 
of Hellenic art; for the Athenian campaigns in the Levant (460- 
449 B.C.) were spasmodic and indecisive. Attic vases, at Poli, testify to 
the persistence, importance, and principal destination of the copper trade ; 
but even these were not widely imitated, and sculpture and figurines 
were hardly imported at all. We may know more when the Salamis of 
Onesilos and Evagoras has been explored ; at present, evidence prepon- 
derates from the miso-Hellenic Kition and Amathus ; of which the 
former superseded the latter politically in the fourth century, and even 
embraced Idalion in its sphere of influence ^. The Hellenic influence is 
most perceptible in the stone sculpture, and least among the figurines ; both 
votive and funerary terracottas seem to adhere to the traditional Egyptizing 
types and fabrics, which are frequently found associated even with imported 
Attic vases, and more nearly represent the Kinrpios xop«K7-i7p of Aeschylus *. 

In the fourth century, and still more in the third and succeeding 
centuries, Cypriote sculpture, like all other departments of native art, falls, 
into inevitable decay, in proportion as Cyprus is brought back into the 
main current of Hellenism. The large series of statuettes from Voni, 
Idalion, and Tamassos contain a few works of tolerable elegance, but 
the majority are almost wholly worthless. The common use of red painty 
on the statues permitted, while it disguised, increased poorness of 
modelling, and, together with the growing inadequacy of the native 
material to the more ambitious models in vogue, prevented the formation 
of a really effective style ; and the substitution, in imitation of Hellenic 
sculptors, pf the chisel for the knife, completed the ruin. , 

The Only exceptions are the few statues already mentioned froin Voni._ 
(C. ]M. 5060-9)" and Idalion (C. M. 6200-9), and the small collection 
from Vitsada (C. M. 5991-7); these are wrought according to the better 
canons of the period, but just for this reason remain merely Hellenic, and 
exotic in Cyprus, though they are of Cypriote limestone and manufacture. 

The native genius for the manipulation of clay turned Hellenic models 

* Now in British Museum, Jnhrb. iii. 243; KBH. p. 361, xxvii. 3. Tomb Group 
dated by a coin of Salamis £;25-?oo B.C. (Six, Classement, p. 315). 

=* E.g. C. M. 50o.:;-7 { I 'oni:'^ KBH. ccxv. i, 2); 5642 {/da/ion) cf. KBH. xiii. 3 
{Idalion : = Berl. Mu's. Inv. 8015,382), xlv. i (Z?'w«/V/ : = Berl. Mus. T-C. 821 1, 108), 
xlviii. I {A'ilion] Berl. Mus. 'Ross Coll.'), ccix. 3 {Akhna, Brit. Mus.) ; cf. Heuzey, 
Nos. 1 23-1 31. 

^ Tl Tuv ^oiviKan> apxh- Isokr. Evag. 198. * Aesch. Suppl. 279 ff. 



INTRODUCTION. 3I 

to better account. The portrait statues and statuettes which became 
popular in the fourth century at Poli and Vumo, and continued under 
the earlier Ptolemies (C. M. 3211-50), give scope for realistic treatment 
and attention to the details of portraiture. And at the same time a more 
idealistic school is represented by a small group of figurines, mainly from 
Kition, which are certainly Cypriote, but may be ranked at least with 
the average work of Tanagra and Myrina (C. M. 3055 flf. ; cf Heuzey, 
Nos. 132-265). 

The debased Hellenistic representations of Eros, Harpokrates, Herakles 
and the like (C. M. 31 61 ff.), whether made in Cyprus (as is probable) 
or not, may be dismissed without comment. 

The Principal Types and Motives of Sculpture and Figurines. 

An adequate discussion of the symbolism and interpretation of the 
types of Cypriote sculpture and figurines would be beyond the purpose 
of this Catalogue : the best and most concise elsewhere is that prefixed 
to Heuzey's Figurines Antiques du Louvre. The following notes are 
only intended to explain the classification which has been adopted below. 

The figurines which are found in Cyprus are almost without exception 
either votive o\ fimerary \ and the stone sculpture admits of the same 
classification, though in fact it is almost wholly votive. 

Votive figures are found accumulated in sanctuaries, and represent 
(n) the deity to whom they are dedicated, under anthropomorphic types, 
in characteristic attitudes, and with characteristic attributes and emblems. 
In this class are included the figures of accessory deities, such as 
'Adonis' and Herakles (e.g. C. M. 511 2 ff., 5136 ff. Voni). 

(/3) The votary by ivhom they are dedicated ; usually in wholly con- 
ventional pose, engaged in characteristic acts of devotion or ritual ; 
especially in the act of supplication or orgiastic dance, playing appropriate 
instruments of music — double-flute, tambourine, or harp — or bringing 
offerings of flowers, birds, or young animals for sacrifice ; these generally 
stand in close relation to the corresponding attributes of the deity. Very 
rarely the portraiture of the votary is attempted, but far more frequently 
the conventional types approximate to those of the deity who is adored, 
or the deity is made in the likeness of the votary. The series of statues 
from Voni (5001 ff.) illustrates this confusion : the two extremes of the 
series are perfectly clear, but a large majority of the figures would stand 
indifferently for Apollo the Purifier, or for votaries like Gillikas (5009). 

(y) The victijn or emblem, which the votary offers, or the deity accepts 
as sacrifice, or bears as attribute; usually a dove or a kid; Aphrodite 
favours the tortoise (C. M. 3277), Chthonic deities the ram (3337-9) or 
the pig (3329). 

Funerary figures were made to be deposited with deceased persons 
in tombs : they either repeat the types of deity and votary, whereby 
the continuance of divine protecdon is invoked ; or, like the pottery and 
other associated objects, they represent the equipment provided by the 
survivors for the use of the deceased in the ' other world.' The principal 
types are — 

(5) Portrait statues of the deceased, standing, seated, or recumbent, 
and engaged in the pursuits of daily life '. These are almost confined to 

' Here there is probably a more or less unconscious imitation of the Egyptian 
custom of burving mnny 'doubles' of the deceased, to diminish the risk that the 
disembodied spirit (Iva) might find no outward counterpart on its return. 



32 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

Poll (Marion) : but one head of the same style was found at Kurion 
(1S95, I5rit. ]Mus.). In the earlier tombs portraiture is unrecognizable, 
and this class merges in the next. 

(e) Escort of companions, domestics, or bodyguard: including figures of 
women and children, and warriors, mounted or on foot. They represent 
probably a survival of the primitive practice of dispatching an actual 
escort of wife and slaves to accompany ilie deceased to the ' other workl.' 
The unmounted horses and the dogs are intermediate between this class 
and the next, namely — 

{0 Provision of catUe, fowls, fruit, wine, &c., and of beasts of burden 
to carry them (e.g. the laden ass, C. M. 3331): the sacrificial or em- 
blematic animals occasionally found in tombs, e.g. the cock, swan, and 
tortoise of Poll 20 II (C. M. 3257-59-77), were intended, some as 
symbols of the deity, others to provide for the devotions of the deceased 
in the ' other world.' 

[t]) Toys, trinkets, and heirlooms seem to be confined to late and 
Hellenized tombs; the motive for thtir deposit is the same as in the 
preceding classes : but often they are more properly regarded as of 
symbolic or votive significance. 

GEM ENGRAVING. 

The engraved stones found in Cyprus fall under the following heads: — 

A. Cylindrical Seals. These appear to be confined to the Bronze 
Age: that found at Kurion (1895, Brit. Mus.) being no exception. The 
engraving is of several styles. 

(a) Babylonian, with or without cuneiform inpcriptions. C. M. 4501. 

(/3) Syro-Kappadokian (Hittite) : especially common in the [aler (Myke- 
naean) Bronze Age : indistinguishable from many specimens which are 
probably Cypriote. 

(t) Cypriote : of which there are several distinct styles ; one strongly 
influenced by Syro-Kappadokian models: another by Mykenaean. The 
latter is found engraved on a black artificial paste, resembling haematite 
(Anal. Dr. Weeren, Technol. Hochschule, Charlottenburg). 

B. Lenticular Seals (' Island Gems ') are only found as Mykenaean 
imports in the later Bronze Age, and are very rare, e.g. one in O-R.'s 
coll.: from Kurion (1895, Brit. Mus.) came a gem of flat late form, 
with fine Mykenaean engraving. 

C. Conical, Pyramidal, Cubical, and Prismatic Seals. These 
begin in the Bronze Age, and continue into the Graeco-Phoenician, but 
disappear with the fibulae. The style is geometrical, and generally very 
coarsely executed. The material is usually steatite ; but finely-worked 
quartz and haematite occur, with sub-Mykenaean engraving. 

D. Scarabs are found very rarely in the later Bronze Age, and in great 
numbers in the early Graeco-Phoenician, especially in the seventh-sixth 
centuries, after the establishment of the manufacture at Naukratis. 

(a) Egyptian imports : often with hieroglyphic inscriptions. 

(/3) Cypriote imitations : especially in a bright blue and very soft paste, 
seventh-sixth century, and in white porcelain with a poor yellowish- 
green glaze. The style varies from a close copy of Egyptian types, to 
a rendering of Cypriote motives in either a stiff and geometrical, or a free 
and naturalistic style — passing over into that of E. 7. 



INTRODUCTION. 33 

E. Scaraboids and scarabs in hard stone, usually sard and red 
carnelian. This class is closely related to the latest and finest specimens 
of the last. The engraving may be classified under three main styles, 
though these merge in one another. As many of the hard stones must 
have been imported, it is impossible in many cases to say whether the 
engraving on them is Cypriote or not. 

(0) Phoenician (700-500 b. c). The name is given from the close 
likeness between these gems and those from Tharros in Sardinia, and 
from other known Phoenician sites. The style closely resembles that of 
the embossed metal bowls from Idalion, Amathus, Olympia, Praeneste, 
&c., and that of the finest Graeco-Phoenician paintings of ' sacred trees,' 
animals, and birds (p. 24) ; so the gems too may well be Graeco-Y\iO&vi\c\2ia. 

(0) Hellejiic (600-400 B.C.). The finest of these gems are indistinguish- 
able from the contemporary gems of Hellas; but all intermediates occur 
between this and the Cypriote style \ 

(7) Cyprio/e gem-engraving follows Cypriote modelling closely, and 
like it is very susceptible of successive foreign influences, Assyrian, 
Egyptian, Phoenician, and Hellenic. It never outgrows its early stiffness, 
however, and consequently falls behind the contemporary style of Hellas 
in the fifth century. In the fourth and third it is completely superseded 
by Hellenistic work. 

F. Hellenistic Gems : mostly imported, as the materials show (sard, 
carnelian, jasper, onyx) ; and in_great part from Ptolemaic Egypt. The 
work is occasionally fine, but generally rough and tasteless. The gems 
are either flat behind and before, or highly convex in front. 

G. Late Conical Seals of quartz or chalcedony, of rude Oriental 
workmanship, with mystic representations, occur rarely in late Ptolemaic 
or Roman tombs; e.g. Larnaka (Turabi) 1894, 4 (Ashm. Mus.; J, H. S. 
xvii, fig. 11). 

JEWELLERY. 

The earliest jewellery goes back to the beginning of the Bronze Age ; 
for earrings are represented unmistakably on the necks of anthropo- 
morphic vases, e.g. C. M. 92 ; and on the later terracottas, e. g. C. M. 
464. Xhe ornaments are first of copper and then of bronze; the 
commonest are spirals and open rings, and several types of pins for the 
hair and the garments. Silver appears in the middle or earlier part of 
the Bronze Age, and certainly before Mykenaean influences take effect. 
It is always largely alloyed with lead, and has a light-coloured and 
powdery rust, whereas that of the later refined silver is always dark and 
compact. The silver ornaments all copy the copper spirals and rings. 

G.old does not seem to appear before the Mykenaean Age ; and, except 
on definitely Mykenaean sites like Salamis and Kurion, is very rare until 
the Graeco-Phoenician Age. The only objects from native tombs are 
cylinder-mounts, like C. M. 4501-2, from Ag. Paraskevi; a gold spiral 
from Ag. Paraskevi (Konstantinides' Coll.) ; and a pair of large rings, 
perhaps a child's bracelets, from Lambert! (1889, Berl. Mus.); and a few 
round hollow beads ; but to these must be added the Mykenaean gold 
work from Kurion (1895, Brit. Mus.) and Salamis (1896, id.) 

Electron is also represented, rarely and late : the only instances are 

* Some have Cypriote inscriptions: e.g. Meister, Gr. Dialekte (Kypr.), p. 176, No. 
25 m. 

O 



34 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

a few thin plates and spirals of the Mykenaean Age ; an engraved ring of 
Babylonian style (KBH. cli. 35) bought at Psemmatismdno (Berlin: 
Liebermann Coll.) ; a ring with Egyptian hieroglyphic inscription, and 
other objects, from Salamis (Brii. INlus. 1896) ; and two pairs of earrings 
of Type c from the late Bronze Age necropolis of Nikolides (surreptitious, 
1895, one pair in J. Pierides' Coll. : one pair at Nicosia). 

In the Graeco-Phoenician Age gold, electron, silver, and bronze are in 
^1 use from the beginning onwards. The development of the principal 
types is given in Plate VII and described in detail in the Catalogue, p. 121 ff. 

The chronological development is ascertained, partly, as usual, from 
tomb deposits, which are treacherous, owing to the tendency of gold to 
work downwards b}' worm-action ; pardy by the comparison of ornaments 
represented on statues of known style and date : though the reverse identi- 
ficadon is more often possible. 

To the Period of Fibulae the following are peculiar : — 

(i) Thin gold plates with embossed ornament, sometimes supported 
by a bronze rim : probably to be worn on the breast. 

e.g. KBH. cxcix. 3, Berl. Mus. {Kurmi, 0-R.); KBH. xxv. 10, 12, 13, 
Berl. Mus. {Amalhus (from Laniti Coll.) = Arch. Anz. vi. (1891), p. 126); 

five unpublished, Brit. IMus. 6.30 [Amaihus, from Laniti Coll.); one 

1-5 
unpublished, Berl. Mus. {Idalion, 1894 ; v. ' Tamassos und Idalion') : one 
unpublished. South Kens. INlus.: one unpublished. Louvre (Salle A). 

(2) Small circular gold leaves without ornament ; and pendent discs of 
more sohd gold, of the same ruddy tint, with concentric circles in relief 
(CM. 4377); the latter are frequently represented on statuettes, KBH. 

1. I, 4, 5: 435/1883 {Kurion). 

(3) Earrings of crescent-shape, ending in loops, which were fastened 
to the ear by a thread. Sometimes without ornament, KBH. clxxxii. 3 
(the golden needle does not belong to the earring ; one such was found 
with the gold plate at Ktirioti); but generally with 'mulberry-shaped' 
ornament below (CM. 8003 (Tamassos), KBH. clxxxii. i), generally of 
deep red gold ; one known of electron or pale gold (0-R. Coll.). The 
same mode of fastening the earring was used in Egypt for glass earrings 
of Ptolemaic and Roman period; e.g. Turin Museum, No. 126. 

(4) Gold fibulae of Type i (cf. Perrot, fig. 595, New York: Ashm. 
IMus. (two from Paphos) ; Brit. Mus., &c.). 

In the Period of Greek Influence silver is far commoner than gold, 
especially in the sixth and early fifth centuries. This is probably to be 
/^, explained by the influx, partly of Spanish silver from newly established 

Punic factories, for these cannot be traced back to an earlier date in 
Spain ; partly of Attic silver, which began to be extensively worked at 
the end of the sixth century. This pure silver is easily distinguishable 
from the silver-lead of the Bronze Age and early Iron Age (p. 33). 

(i) The boat-shaped earrings, which begin in the Mykenaean period, 
become characteristic and frequent ; the swollen part is frequently marked 
off from the suspending wire by a pair of small collars, and carries pendants 
of various shapes ; the small pendant cube, with a sort of cage above it 
(C M. 8007), is apparently early ; and the hollow gold earrings covered 
with filagree-work (C IM. 4009) are probably confined to the fifth and 
early fourth centuries. 



INTRODUCTION. 35 

(2) The earrings with animals' heads, with the exception of Mykenaean 
forms from Salamis (pp. 184-6), seem to be limited to the fourth and 
early third centuries (Type I. d, C. M. 4015 ff.). "^ 

(3) The spirals of two, three, or as many as six turns become common 
in the sixth century, and disappear in the fourth ; in the later fifth they 
are made hollow, of bronze, heavily plated with gold, and provided with 
elaborate heads and tails embossed in thin gold : cloisonn^ enamel is 
introduced in their collars {Amathiis 256, Brit. Mus.). The purpose of 
these was long doubtful, but is fixed by statues Hke C. M. 5561 ; KBH. 
xlviii. 2, Iv. 7. (C. M. 4101 ff.) 

(4) Open bracelets, hollow, and ending in rams' heads, were made in 
fifth-fourth centuries of silver, or of gold-plated bronze (C. M. 4251-9). 

(5) The necklaces are of beads and pendants (vase, acorn, fly, sphinx, 
gorgoneion) of hollow gold, embossed ; of gold and red carnelian beads 
alternately ; and of broad fiat beads of silver, gold, or coloured porcelain, 
carried on two, or more parallel threads (C. M. 4351 ff-). 

(6) Rings are common, especially of silver, either with large flat bezel (of 
which the engraving has usually disappeared), or with a swivel mount, 
containing a scarab or a scaraboid gem : red carnelian is characteristic. 
The gold rings are solid, with usually a narrow hoop. They either have 
a swivel or a fixed mount for the gem, often richly ornamented with 
filagree-work, or else the hoop is beaten out into a flat bezel, which is 
engraved. 

In the Hellenistic (Ptolemaean mid Roman) Age silver rapidly goes out^ 
of use (probably because in the third century the Spanish silver was 
cliverted to Rome), and is superseded by mean and tasteless gold work. 
The following are characteristic : — 

(i) Slight gold chains with alternate links of flat paste beads, and of 
perforated gold plates (CM. 4391 ff.). 

(2) S^ajl gold rings with oval bezel inscribed enAPAOCOl in dotted 
letters (CM. 4155 ff.). 

(3) Rings of hollow gold filled with sulphur, _swollen in front, and 
overlapping the stone, which is usually sard, garnet, or paste (C M. 
4209 ff.). 

(4) Earrings of types II. e-j, (p. 122), which supersede all the 
characteristic Cypriote types (C. M. 4034 ff.). 

The Byzantine Age is represented in the Cyprus Museum by a remark- 
able find of jewellery from Ker^nia (C M. 4891-7). 

Special notes on types of jewellery, and on the fabrics of pottery and 
glass, are prefixed to their respective sections of the Catalogue. 



!k^ 



D 2 



THE BRONZE AGE. 

CATALOGUE OF POTTERY. 



The general character of the indigenous pottery has been described above, p. 15-7. 
The following are the principal fabrics. 



I. Unpainted Pottery. 

I. Red Polished Ware. The clay is brownish or blackish, of more 
or less coarse texture ; turning red in firing, and capable of receiving 
a fine glossy surface, which, though in part due to the application of 
a^ne slip, was certainly jjroduced mainly by hand-polishing with 
\ burnishers of stone or horse-tooth, specimens of which have been found 
; ai Kalopsida and elsewhere. Sometimes the surface is partly or wholly 
' black instead of red ; which seems to be due to the action of the smoke 
during the firing (C. M. 75-84). The forms of this class of pottery are 
varied and characteristic : the commonest are (A) simple bowls, often of 
great size and furnished with spouts ; (B) globular bottles, with long neck, 
and one handle ; (C) cooking pots, often on three feet; (D) two-handled 
globular amphorae ; besides (E) composite and fantastic vases. The 
vessels seldom have even a distinct flat base, and never a foot or base- 
ring. The ornament is of three kinds : — 

(a) Many early vases are plain, Avith only horns, breast-like warts, 
or projections from the body or handles. 

(d) Incised lines are scratched deeply in the clay before firing, 
and often filled with a white chalky substance : the same method is 
used in the Bronze Age of Hissarlik, Hungary, and the Alpine 
lake-dwellings. The commonest motives are zigzags, wavy lines and 
gores, chequers, lozenges, network and basket-patterns ; concentric 
circles are also found, e. g. C. M. 63. The patterns are at first 
simple, and increase in elaboration as the period advances. 

(f) ^(7/f/" ornament is applied in the form of ribbons and patches 

of clay, which are covered by the red surface layer, and form chains, 

ropes, buttons, and rings, and rude figures of trees, snakes, deer, 

mouflon, and even men. IMiniature vases, trees, birds, and animals 

are also occasionally added in the round, on the shoulders or rims 

of vases (C. M. 44). Relief and incised ornaments are frequently 

found together on the same vase. 

Tombs and whole cemeteries exist, in which no pottery occurs except 

this class: e.g. I^alopsida (site A), Alambra (' Mavra Ge' site), Psem- 

matismeno, and most of the earthen tombs at Ag. Paraskevi. These 

are apparently earlier than the mixed tombs ; but the red polished vases 

continue throughout the period ; though the latest examples are very 

inferior in modelling and in the glaze, which becomes thin, paint-like, 

and unstable, as at Kalopsida (site B). The ' Red Wares ' (I. 4 : II. 3 : 

p. 57-8) of the Graeco-Phoenician Age seem to replace this Bronze Age 

fabric ; though no clear intermediates have yet been found. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE POTTERY. 37 

2. Black Slip Ware. The clay is light-coloured and dusty, like 
that of the painted 'White Ware ' II. i below: but it is wholly covered 
\yith a thin greyish or blackish slip, which flakes and rubs off very easily, 
and is generally lustreless, though occasionally thicker and more nearly 
lustrous. The similar vessels with brownish or red slip are probably 
only varieties produced by over-firing. 

The /brms resemble those of i, but are less varied; globular botdes, 
ojten very small, with slightly pinched lip and one handle, apH^ one-handled 
mugs, with cylindrical necks, are the commonest.. They suggest metallic 
and also leathern prototypes. The ornamen/, like that of i, may be 
classified as follows : — 

(<?) P/afn vases are very rare. 

(d) Incised ornament is common, especially the seam-like motive 
of a straight or wavyjine with a line of dots alternately on each side ■ 
ofit • • • • -• . 

• • • • 

(c) i?^'/^^/^ ornament is almost confined to similar straight or wavy 
lines, and has in some cases affinity with the characteristic motives 
of 3. Figures of plants or animals do not occur. 

3. Base-Ring Ware.^ Tjie clay is dull brown or black, of fine 
granular texture, with a leathery surface, which may be either a fine slip 
or a poor glaze. The vessels have always a flat base^ and generally 
a distinct, and often a prominent base-ring or foot. The ornament is of 
three kinds, which correspond to slight diff'erences of fabric : — 

{a) 7?^//^ ornament : the specimens with the finest slip have gores 
and pairs of horn-like scrolls in relief, like the seams of a leathern 
vessel, from which the motive is perhaps derived ; and often a distinct 
ring round the neck, at the point where the handle joins it, called 
hereinafter the handle-ridge). 

(J)) /««W ornament very rarely (C. M. 260). 
{c) Pawied ornament : the_motives are derived wholly from basket- 
or^net-work, and are executed in dull white paint : the slip, in this class, 
is poor, blackish, or almost absent. Cf. a hand-made 'schnabelkanne ' 
on three short feet, of grey micaceous (local) clay, dark grey slip, and 
similar white painted ornament, brought from Upper Phrygia by 
J. A. R. Munro in 1894 (Ashm. Mus.). 
This ware is confined to the later Bronze Age, and does not appear ^ 

rnuch before the IMykenaean vases. Cf. sp. ' from Italy,' Camb. Fitzw. 

Mus. (Leake Coll.); sp. 'from Hungary,' Zurich Mus. No. 4094; sp. 

'from the Cyrenaica,' Sbvres, No. 4166*; 'from Tyre,' id. No. 1425. 

Cf the pottery, very probably Cypriote, found at Tell-el-Hesy ( Petrie, 

' Lachish,' PI. vii, fig. 115; viii, fig. 138, 141, 144, 147-9: Bliss, MMC. 

PI. iv, 184) and at Kahun (Petrie, 'Illahun,' &c. PI. xiii. 31 ; xxvii. 14). 

(C. M. 251-267.) 

4. \ yhi te Ware with Base-Ring. The clay is white and full of dis- 
tinct sand- grains, baked very hard, and guite w ithout slip. The vessels 
are very accurately modelled after wheel-made prototypes, but are clearly I 
hand-made; the typical forms are shallow plates, and deepeFbowl's with '^ 
verticar si(3es ; all seem to be suggested or modified by metallic forms. 
Cf vessel from Gurob (Petrie, ' Illahun,' PI. xix. 5). (C. M. 291-300.) 

5. Black Punctured Ware. The clay is quite black throughout, 
without slip, but with slightly glossy"surrace when well preserved. The 
vases are usually small ju^s of a peculiar shape, with narrow neck, swollen 



38 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

lip, and small solid foot (C. M. 281-288) ; one amphora from Lamberii, 
1894, 45, No. 794. (Berl. Mus.) 

The only ornament is oi punctured dots, either grouped in triangular 
patches, or distributed over the surface in lines or irregularly. 
This group in Cyprus was first determined at Kalopsida, where it is fairly 
common ; one specimen has since been found at Nikolides (Grave 6). 
It is well represented in the Fayum ('Illahun,' PI. i (Kahun, Xllth dynasty), 
(Brit. Mus.). Cf. a magnificent specimen with incised spiraTl, SciT'fined 
with white, in the Ashmolean INIuseum, bought in Egypt by Greville 
Chester ; also similar fabrics in the Libyan tombs at Ballas-Naqada, at 
Ciempozuelos in Spain, at Hissarlik, and at Butmir). The place of^ 
manufacture is uncertain.^ Cf. J. H. S. xvii. figs. 4, 5. (J. L. M.) 

6. Straw-plait "Ware. Imitations in clay of straw-plait or wicker- 
work baskets or plates, such as arc siill commonly used by the Cypriote 
peasants. Rare, and unrepresented in Cyprus Museum. KBH. xxxv. 4 ; 
FT. 17-170:. Uesn. ' Salaminia,' p. 270. 

7. Cypriote Bucchero Ware. The clay is black all through, and 
the earliest vases are without slip and hand-made (e.g. C. I\I. 1033): 
the commonest forms are the oenochoae and the krater : all are ribbed or 
fluted externally. The resemblance to the earliest ' Bucchero ' ware of 
Italy is noteworthy, and at present inexplicable ; but may be only casual. 
This fabric only appears in the latest Bronze Age tombs ; it is character- 
istic of the Transition, wliere it becomes wheel-made ; and merges in 
Type I. 2 of the Graeco-Phoenician Age (q.v.). For the ribbing, 
cf Hissarlik {Tlios, fig. 1374-6 : KBH. cxlviii. 2). 

8. Wheel-made Ware. Red clay with brown or black slip, and 
glossy surface : there is no ornament : the vessels are of peculiar form, 
with flat foot or base-ring, and are certainly wheel-made. They have 
been only studied at Nikolides, 1894, in ^ate^ Bronze Age tombs. One 
specimen in the Ashmolean Museum {Cyp. 181), bought in Cyprus by 
Greville Chester, and two in British Museum (A 67-8), are of uncertain 
provenance. (C. M. 300(7.) 

II. Painted Pottery. 

1. White Ware. The clay is cream-coloured, of fine texture, but 
usually unpolished ; sometimes with a fine hard slip, which takes a slight 
polish. The clay is greenish when undcr-firedjreddish when over-fired. 
The commonest y2>/-?«.y are bowls with one h.wTre,"and small sausage- 
shaped or gbbular bottles, the latter often with long tubular spouts, and 
both with many projections perforated for suspension (hereinafier 'string- 
holes'), which become merely^ ornamental later, and are added alongside 
the regular handle (C. M. 306 ff".). 

The_orfia?uent is in black paint, which turns red when over-fired, 
and rarely shows any trace of glaze. The commonest motives are 
groups of straight or wavy lines, and chevrons, chequers, or triangles 
filled with hatching or cross-hatching. Most of these motives are 
already met with in the incised ornaments of I. i, and are closely 
parallel with the geometrical motives of the earlier Mykenaean or 
Cycladic pottery, e.g. INIykenae (Grave II), Schuchh. fig. 209. 

2. Polished White Ware (C. M. 411 ff".). 

{a) Closely allied with the white ware (II. i) is a rare and later fabric 
probably influenced by Mykenaean techmquCj in which the clay is 
harder, andThe slip takes a lustrous polish ; the paint is always fired 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE POTTERY. 39 

bright red, is highly glazed, and stands above the surface Hke an ' en- 
gbbe.' The ornament always consists of bands of lattice or chequers. , 

{b) The yellow-brown ware with lustrous surface and brown paint, 
which is found at Phoenichais, is probably a variety of the preceding, 
and is in any case closely related to it. [None in Cyprus Museum.] 

3. Black Glaze Ware. The clay is often like that of the white ware, 
but is completely covered with a good black glaze or lustrous paint. ^ 
On this are painted, in lustreless red paint, groups of short parallel 
lines, which seem to have been executed at a single stroke with a cluster 
of brushes. The motive is a common one in the incised ornament of 
I. I, and is closely paralleled on Libyan pottery from Ballas-Naqada. 
One-handled bottles and bowls are the only common forms; the class is 
found very rarely hitherto. (C. M. 401-2; Brit. Mus. A 134, sp. Hke 402 \) 

4. White Slip Ware (' Hemispherical Bowls,' &c.). The clay is 
peculiarly blackish (red when over-fired) and gritty, with small white 
grains: it is worked very thin, and the finished vessels give a metallic 
ring when struck. The clay is entirely covered, inside and out, with 
a thick hard chalky slip, quite without lustre, except after long use, and 
absorbent like pipe-clay. Imitations of this very peculiar fabric occur in 
the white ware (II. i ), but may be always distinguished by the appearance 
of a broken surface, and by the teclmique of the decoration (C. INI. 305). 

The ornament is in black paint, brown when laid on thin, and 
red when over-fired ; slightly lustrous in the best examples, and 
capable of fine manipulation on the absorbent slip. 

The scheme of decoration seems intended to imitate the binding 

and seams of a bowl of leather, cut out of a single piece in gores 

connected at the base, A band, sometimes double, of lines 

enclosing lattice-work, zigzags, lozenges, and lines of dots, runs 

round the rim '; from this descend bands of similar motives, which 

do not meet across the bottom : the handle is flat, triangular, and 

notched at the end, and represents two slips of flexible wood sewn 

into the rim at their one end, and bound together at the other. 

The commonest form of this fabric is a hemispherical bowl ; but bottles, 

and~Iarge vases with distinct foot and vertical sides, are also found. The ware 

appears in late Br. Age tombs, and is frequently associated with Mykenaean 

vases. Some forms are identical with the forms of the base-ring ware I. 3. 

The place of manufacture has not been identified : but the fabric is 

nowhere found so frequently, or so variously and elaborately executed, as 

in Cyprus ; and there are geological reasons for believing that the_clay, 

like that of the modern Phini pottery, is derived from the decomposition 

of the crystalline rocks of Troodos and jNIakhaira. One of the 

characteristic bowls, apparently not of a local make, was found in the 

Pre-Mykenaean settlement at Thera", now in the French Archaeological 

School at Athens; fragments have been found at Athens, Hissarlik", 

Tell-el-Amarna^ and at Ttll-el-Hesy^ The ware has been described 

repeatedly, but without reason, as ' Phoenician ^' Cf. the curious 

' A fragment from Kurion fBrit. Mus. 1895), with black glaze and white spots, 
appears to be of an Aegean Cretan fabric. Cf. Petrie, ' Illahun,' PI. i; J. H. S. xi, 
PI. xiv (Brit. Mus.) ; Myres, ' Proc. Soc. Antiq.' ser. ii. vol. xv. pp. 351-6. 

^ Myk. Vasen, xii. 80, p. 22. 

3 Troja, 1893, p. loi, Fig. 50; cf. Schl. Coll. (Iterlia, Volkerk.), No. 8121,. 

* Petrie, 'Tell-el-Amarna,' p. 17. 

^ Petrie, 'Lachish,' PI. viii, 150-7,: Bliss, MMC. PI. 4, 181. 

* E.g. Diimmler, Mitth. Ath. xi. (1886;, 233; Petrie, 'Lachish,' p. 45. 



40 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

misinterpretation of a bowl as a lamp (!) in Benzingcr, * Hebraische 
Archaolof^ie,' fig. 125. 

5. Mykenaean Vases. The clay is cream-coloured and very fine, 
with a comj)act ab:-orbent slip and slightly glossy surface : the vases are 
always wheel-made, of varied and characteristic forms ; the ornament of 
bands and grouj)S of lines is applied while they are on the wheel in 
black highly lustrous paint or glaze, which is red when over-fired. The 
finer specimens have conventional flower-motives on the shoulder, which 
degenerate, especially in Cyprus, into complicated schemes of triangular 
spaces filled with hatching and cross-hatching. A class, best represented 
from Cypriote sites, of large two-handled kralers on a high fool, has repre- 
sentations of trees, bulls, men, women, and chariots drawn by horses. 

These vases were made in the neighbourhood of INlykenae and Corinth, 
in Rhodes, in Creie, and probably elsewhere also, by the representatives 
of a culture whose head-quarters were on the eastern coast of Greece 
(though they occupied part of the west coast also), and in the islands of 
the Archipelago, especially in Crete, but who had, so far as is known, no 
footing in Asia Minor, except in a settlement established over the ruins 
of the older cities at Hissarlik. They had settlements, in Cyprus at 
Kurion, which was traditionally an ' Argive ' colony (Hdt. v. 113); and at 
Salamis, where the necropolis was discovered in 1896. Their pottery, 
however, is found as far east as Egypt and Syria, and as far west as 
Sicily, and was so highly prized that native imitations are associated with 
it, almost wherever it is found (C. M. 430 ff.). 

Native imitations, in the ' white ware' (II. i), are common in Cyprus, 
wherever the genuine vases are found in any numbers. They are easily 
distinguished from the imported vases by their softer, dustier clay, their 
inferior surface, their almost lustreless paint, and more crudely geometrical 
ornament : and by the fact that they are sometimes made by hand, not 
on the wheel. Mykenaean forms and motives pass over in force into 
Cypriote pottery of the transitional period, and largely determine the 
character of the early Graeco-Phoenician style (C. M. 432 ff. Cf. p. 185. 
T-G. 80.) 

It is not yet certain that vases of the genuine Mykenaean fabric were 
made in Cyprus, but the recent excavations at Kurion and Salamis confirm 
the impression created by previous finds, that a^ local. school existed, to 
which the large kraters, as well as other groups of vases, may be referred : 
cf. 0-R. Miitk d. Anthrop. Gesellsch.z.Wien. xx. (N.S. x) 6-7, Nov., 1890. 

The Bronze Age Pottery is catalogued below, i. according to Fabrics, 
ii. according to Forms within each fabric. 



'O 



ANALYSIS OF THE FORMS. 

I. Unpainted Pottery. 

1. Bed Polished Ware : (Black 75-87). 2. Black Slip Ware. 

[N.B. — The forms characteristic of i and 2 are nearly the same, and are grouped 
together ; the fabric of each object or group of objects is indicated in italics.] 

A. Bowls — Without handle: (a) 1, plain; (/y) 12, with spout. 
20. With handle : (c) with long tubular spout ; {d) without spout. 
41. With projecting ornaments on the rim (e). 

B. Bottles, one-handled : body always more or less globular — 
51. a. Neck cylindrical ; handle large. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE POTTERY. 4I 

88. h. Neck taper: handle small : very large. 

111. c. Neck wide : handle horned : body depressed. 
120. d. Neck short, with lip. 
126. e. Neck long : body depressed. 

151. f. Neck short : body globular : string-hole handle : miniature. 
161. g. Long open spout : ' Schnabelkanne.' 

C. Tripod Cooking Vessels : coarse ware (180). 

D. Amphorae : two-handled : body globular or depressed — 
188. a. Neck plain. 

194. h. Neck plain : small vertical handles. 

199. c. Neck funnel-shaped, with projections on the rim. 

203. d. Neck cylindrical and long. 

E. Composite and Fantastic Vessels (207). 

3. Base-Ring Ware— (1) Plain (251) ; (2) White Paint (271). 

A. Bowls with horned handle. B. One-handled jugs. 

4. White Base-Ring Ware (291). 

A. Bowl. B. Lekythos. C. Krater. 

5. Black Ware (281). \ 

6. Straw-plait Ware (not in C. M.). r Forms few and peculiar to 

7. Cypriote Bucchero Ware (1033). i each fabric. 

8. Wheel-made Ware (300 a). ) 

II. Painted Pottery. 

The forms arise out of those already enumerated, with very few 
exceptions, e.g. White Ware, C. 'Flasks,' and D. 'Fantastic Vases.' 



BRONZE AGE POTTERY. 

I. Unpainted Pottery. 

1. Red Polished Ware. 2. Black Slip Ware. 

[N.B.— The forms of i and 2 are nearly the same. lj]ack slip ware is indicated 
bY^__after the number. ^ Refers to the Plate. of Typical Forms, PL II.; FT. to 
the ' P'ormen-Tafel ' of ' Tamassos und Idalion.' Numbers in brackets [ ] 

were found on the objects in 1894: they seem to refer to a former MS. 
catalogue, now lost.] 

A. Bowls — a. Plain. 

l*-4. One string-hole on the rim. D. o-275-o-i4. (Cf. Brit. A 5: 

Ashm. {Cj'p.) 1-2.) 2-3. [ = 5008-9.] Ag. Paraskevi, 1885. 
5-6. Small projections on the rim. D. o-i 25-0-38. Cf. 41-3: Ashm. 3. 
7*-ll. Elaborate incised ornament outside. D. o-i6-o-io. Cf. 82-84, 

black variety. [Cf. Sandwith (Archaeologia, xlv.) PI. ix. 4 : Brit. 

A 36-7: Ashm. 5-6.] 

b. With spout^. Cf. Brit. A 2-3; Lou. A 72-3; Ashm. 13-17. 
12-15. Trough-spout of semicircular section in the rim. D. o-4i-o-i52. 

13-14. [ = 5003-7.] 13. Chain ornament in relief. KBH.cxlviii.5 a. 
16*. Trough-spout from a circular hole in the side. [5016.] D. 0-135. 

Cf. FT. 5. Brit. A 2 : Ashm. 15. Ag. Paraskevi, 1885. 



42 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

17-19. Tubular spout with funnel-shaped rim. D.oi 1-0-43. 19. Incised 
ornament. FT. 9. Ashm. 16-7. 

c. With long tubular spout, and one liandle opposite. 

20-23*. Handle vertical (20-22. FT. 13) or horizontal (23*. [=1611]. 
[Cf. Sandwith, 1. c. ix. 6j). D. 0-12 -0-4 2. KBH. cxlviii. 2 b. 
Ashm. 18-20. 

d. With handle but no spout. 

24*-25, 24a. Shallow; long vertical handle. D. o-io5-o-o53. Cf. 

]^ou. A 75. 
26*. Rude spoon with solid tapering handle, jiicrced at the end. D. 0-075. 

FT. 18. Cf. Ashm. 8: Diimmler, Mitth. Ath. xi, Beilage i. 8. 
27*-29. Horizontal handle (cf. 23). D. 0-45-0-10. Cf. Brit. A 6. 
30*, 32-34, 37. Horizontal handle, horned. D. o-i4-o-i37. FT. 25, 25a. 

Ashm. 9-12. 
35*-36. Vide under 266 ff. ' Base-Ring Ware.' 
31. Slightly pinched lip in front. D. o-ii. 

38. Bowl nearly spherical : distinct rim : vertical handle. D. 0-5. 
30. Similar : soft black glossy ware. Cf. 281-288. D. o-io. 
40 1. Small bowl like 2. D. o-io. 

e. Bowls with projecting ornameiits on rim. Cf. 5-6. Brit. A 4. 

41-43. Groups of small projections. 41-42. One string-hole. D. 0-9-0-12. 

43. Horizontal handle : chain ornament. 
44*. Conical bowl : foot broken : two small cups and two birds stand 

alternately on the rim. D. 0-15. [Chroniques, p. 189 : KBH. cxlix. 

15 : Diimmler, I.e. iii. 5. FT. 39.] Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, i. 7. 

B. Bottles — a. Globular or pear-shaped : long cylindrical iieck with 
rim: one handle froyn the shoulder to middle point of the neck. All ''red 
ware.' FT. 47-51. 55- 
51*. Plain. H. 0-27. Cf. ^/7/. A 1 1 . 

52. Horned handle : relief lines on neck, and wavy line on shoulder. 
H. 0-21. Cf. Brit. A 38. 

53. Twisted handle : bosses on neck and relief-ring in front. H. 0-23. 

54. Strainer of three holes in neck : incised zigzags. [1998.] H. 0-235. 
Katydata-Linu^ 1883. Cf. .^4 .$•/;;;/. no. 

55*-56. A long spout rises in front of the body: incised zigzags. H. 0-18- 
0.15. 56. [=1938]. Cf. FT. 45. 

57. Pointed below: rough work. H. 0-19. Kalopsida, 32. 

58. Distinct spike below: rough work. H. 0-155. Cf. Ashm. 56. 
Kalopsida, i. 

59. Nipple-like spike below : globular body : incised zigzags. H. o-io. 

60. Egg-shaped body: incised network with circles. H. 0-17. Katy- 
data-Linu, 1883. 

61*. Handle from shoulder to rim : a horn in front : incised. H. 0-172. 

62. Broad rim : incised zigzags in front. H. 0-26. Cf. Brit. A 39. 

63-72. Small fine specimens: handle from rim : various incised ornaments. 
H. 0-18-0-105. 63* has concentric circles incised. Cf. Ashm. 44-7: 
FT. 80: Brit. A 19, 20, 40-5, 49: Ashm. 31-49: Lou. A 27: 
St. Gertnain, 14705, 18088. 

73. Horned handle and string-hole in front. H. 0-169. 

74. No handle : incised gores, plain and zigzag. H. 0-175. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE POTTERY. 43 

A variety of Red Ware more or less completely blackefied in firing, 
and highly polished. Cf. 236 : Ashm. 5, 50. 

75-80. Small handleless bottles: bands of incised ornament; well polished. 
*75. Quite black. FT. 43. Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, ii. 20. 76-80. 
Upper part only. H, o-i45-o-95. FT. 42. Cf. Brit. A 50. 

81. Similar, with two necks, and a projection in front. H. 0-135. 

KBH. clxix. 6 d. Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, ii. 10. 

82. Plain bowl (cf. 7-1 1) similarly blackened inside, outside red with 

incised ornament. H. o-o65. Cf. Ashm. 5. 
83-84. Very fine specimens, blackened throughout. 83. H. o-o8i. Ag. 
Paraskevi, 1885. 84. [ = 5012]. H. 0-065. 

85-87. Small one-handled bottles like the preceding, incised but un- 
polished ; late specimens of the incised red ware influenced by 
style I. 3. (Cf. 259, 276.) 

b. Long taperifig neck and small handle: very large, globular or 
pear-shaped. All ' red ware.' FT. 52, 53. 

88. Plain. H. 0-37. 

89. String-hole in front of neck : incised zigzags. H. 0-395. 

90. Horned handle : radiating chain ornaments on shoulder. H. 0-49. 
Ag. Paraskevi, 1885. 

91*. Snake ornament in relief on neck. H. 0-43. Cf. Ashm. 51. 

92,* Horned handle rising above rim : string-holes on neck and an ear- 
ring on each side of the lip : incised lines : clay (cf. 85-87): form (cf. 
126). A painted vase, like 343, with similar earrings was found in 
Agia Paraskevi, 1894, 10 (Ash. Mus.) ; cf. KBH. ccxvi. 21, 22. 
FT. 84. H. 0-325 (Mitth. Ath. xi, Beilage ii. 9). 

Laksha (Diimmler, 1885). 

93. Like 91. Crescents, bosses, and zigzags in relief. H. 0-40. Ag. 

Paraskevi, 1885. 

94. Spout in front like 56-57 : plain. PI. 0-295. 

95. Angular body on three feet : tubular spout in front, dull red clay 
and incised zigzags like 85-87. H. 0-24. 

N.B. — Perhaps modern, from potteries at Phini ; but very close to ancient technique. 
96-100. Fragments of bottles, like 90 ff., with snakes, deer, and other 
ornaments in relief. 96. Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, ii. 

c. Long ivide cylindrical neck, depressed body, and horned handle. 
FT. 74 a, c. "Brit. A 17, cf. A 14-6 : Ashm. 102-3. 

lllt*-114t. Incised straightand zigzag bands. H. 0-225-0-105. 112. Red, 

over-fired. 113. [=1768]. 114. [=1553]. 
115-116. Red ware : similar, plain. H. o-i55-o-i3. 116. [=1541]. 
117t. Flatter form. H. o-ii. 

118t*. Seam ornament -^-r^-r-r • H. 0-7. Cf. FT. 74. 
119t. Loop handle in front. H. 0-85. Ag. Paraskevi, 1884, 7. 

d. Short neck with lip. 

120t-125t. Chains, seams, zigzags, and plain. H. 0-235-0-1 13. CI Brit. 

A 52. 125. Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, ii. 88. 
120at. Red slip: lines and button-ornament in relief. 
125 at. Narrower form : incised ornament only. Ta7nassos i^Lambcrti) ■^o. 

e. Long neck, depressed body. Cf. Ashm. 105. 

126t*-127t. String-holes on neck : incised ornament. H. 0-355-0-166 



44 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

128-139. Similar types in various coarse fabrics. H. o-o75-o-i2. 

139 a. Larger neck : handle rising above rim : polished red ware. FT. 65. 

140-145, 147. One-handled drinking cups: (^arse brown clay. II. 012- 

•08. 147. 7\viiassos. FT. 59, 62, CI B'n't. K 10-12. 
146. Neck taper; lip slightly pinched. H. o-ii. Katydaia-Linu, 1883. 

f. Short neck, globular body: string-Jiole for handle. FT. 58. Brit. 

A 53-6. 

151*-160. Relief and incised ornament. H. 01 0-0-05. 160- Has a 
handle. FT. 88. 

g. Long open spout {Schnabelkanne\ : globular body. FT. 85-9. 

161. Spout rudimentary. H. 0-20. Cf. FT. 62. 

162-163. Spout short and broad. H. 0-2 15-0- 17. Cf. FT. 89 : Ashm. 71. 

164. Spout short, pointed base : coarse clay. Kalopsida. H. 0-185. 

165. Spout long, narrow, and upright. H. 0-18. Cf. FT. 86 : Brit. 
A 21-2 : Ashm. 75. 

166. Spout projecting forwards. H. 0-245. Tamassos. 

167-168. Spout curved backwards. H. 0-155-0- 165. Cf. Lou. A 24 : 
St. G. 23447: Ashm. 77. 

169. Spout short: large body. H. 0-30. 

170. Pointed base: coarse. H. 0-26. CL Ashm. 79: Kalopsida, 18. 
171*. Like 166 : elaborate incised ornament. H. 0-265. 

172. Like 167: string-holes on neck. H. 0-20. Cf. Ashm. 73. Ag. 
Paraskevi, 1885, ii. 35. 

173. Two necks with twisted handles : string-holes and rope ornament. 
H. 0-17. 

174-176. Small coarse specimens like the preceding types. H. 0-14- 
^0-12. Cf. Ashm. 80. 

177. With tubular spout issuing upwards in front. H. o- 1 4. KBH. clxviii. 
5. c: Dihnmler, 1. c. ii. 4:= FT. 100. 

178. Small coarse specimen with pointed base. H. 0-12. Kalopsida, 11. 

179. Horned handle : three string-holes round neck, Ta??iassos, Lam- 
berti, 14. 

179 a. Incised ornament. 

C. Cooking Vessfxs: of coarse clay, with three feet. Cf. Brit. A 9, 
13 : Ashm. 22 : I^ou. A 16. 

180. Rude and heavy : four vertically perforated projections near the 
brim secured a perforated flat cover. H. 0-29. Diimmler, I.e. 
i. 5 : KBH. clxxi. i4 = FT. 61. Ag. Paraskevi {Cylinder Grave). 

181-183. Round body : wide funnel-shaped neck : two vertical handles. 

H. 0-23-0-15. 181. Katydata-Linu, 1883 = FT. 60. 182. Ag. 

Paraskevi, i8S^. KBH. cxlvii. 2 : Diimmler, 1. c. 183. Tamassos. 
184*. Two joined together, with a common handle at one side. H. 0-14. 

Tamassos. 
185. One of three similarly joined: broken. Tamassos. 
186-187. Like 181-183: but without feet. =FT. 59. CL Brit. A 8, 

12. Ag. Paraskevi. 

D. Amphorae: two-handled: body globular or depressed. 

a. AWk plain and cylindrical. All 'red ware.' CL Ash?n. 70 if. 
188. Neckverylow: handles small. LI. 0-13. Ag. Paraskevi, i88^,i\. 5^. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE POTTERY. 45 

189-190. Neck very high and expanding. H. o-i5-o-ir. 
191-192. Small rude pots : handles very small. H. o-oG'j-o-o'ji. 
193. Finer ware : incised zigzags. H. 0-075. 

d. Neck cylindrical : two small vertical handles. FT. 104 : KBH. 
clxviii. 4 a. 

194-195. Rope ornament. 194*. Also buttons in relief. H. o-325-o-i5. 

196. Two rings in relief on each side : handles very small. H. 0-25. 
196 a. Deer, &c., in relief: fragmentary. 

197. Incised chequers, and rings in relief. H. 0-30. 

198. Incised lines and semicircles : no handles. H. 0-235. 

c. Neck funnel- shaped, with four projections like battlements on the rim : 
handles cut from a flat plate, set horizontally and rising outwards. 

199. Incised triangles, alternately plain and hatched. Cf. Brit. A 47. 
200*-201. Incised hatched zigzags, and lozenges or triangles. H. 

0-23-0-3I = FT. 115a. Dummler, I.e. ii. 10. Ag. Paraskevi, 
1885, i. 12. 
202. Incised hatched chequers and lozenges. H. 0-235. 

d. Neck long and cylindrical, like ii\ ff.: two s??iall horned handles at 
base of neck. Cf. Sandwith, I.e. ix. 2 (Black Slip Ware). FT. 105. Cf. 
Brit. A 28-9, 31, 48. 

203t-205t. Over-fired red : incised plain and zigzag bands. H. 

0-23-0-30. KBH. clii. 3. 204*. A row of buttons down back and 

front [1952]. 205. Tamassos (Lamberti), 29. 
206*. Like 194, but with horizontal handles. H. 0-17. =FT. 116. 

Cf. Brit. A 30. 

E. Composite and Fantastic Forms. 

207. Flask : sausage-shaped (elliptical cross-section), with four pairs of 

string-holes on its edge. Polished red, blackened. 
20^1^. Flask : large handle on one side and three small string-holes round 

the wide-rimmed neck : black slip ware : chain ornament and gores 

in relief. Cf. Brit. A 27. 
211. Flask : small, \\ iih standing base and string-holes : dull red ware : 

incised seam ornament. Cf. Brit. A 25-6. 
213*. Flask : one handle from lip to shoulder and six projections round 

the edge: incised zigzags: dull brown ware. Ag. Paraskevi, 

1894, 10. 
215*. Vessel in shape of a quadruped : spindle-shaped body, neck at one 

end with long narrow spout and handle above : fine polished red 

ware [5036]. KBH. clxx. 10. Dummler, Mitth. xi, Beilage i. 6. 

Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, ii. 
217. Bowl with remains of a handle passing from one side of the rim to 

the other : black slip. 
219. Two bowls joined by an upright loop handle: red ware [5035]. 

KBH. cxlviii. i o. Cf. Dummler, I.e. iii. i = FT. 1 3 1 . Ag. Paraskevi, 

1885. 

221. Two bowls joined : handle broken : red ware. Ag. Paraskevi, 
1885, ii. 9. 

222. Three similarly joined : coarse clay. Katydata-Linu, i^^^^. 

223. Three globular bodies with long necks uniting in one spout, like 



46 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

165 ff . : one handle on the common neck: fine polished red ware 
[5025]. H. 01 3. KBH. cxliii. 8 =FT. 122. Ag. Paraskevi, 
1885, ii. 10. 

224. Cylindrical pot with two perforations for suspension : dull red ware 
like 211 : incised ornament. Ag. Paraskevi, Tomb Group i. 

225. Ring, supported on four tall feet, carrying a horned cup over each 
foot, and a bird and a tree alternately in the intervals. H. 0-2 7 5. 
KBH. cxlix. 15 e: Dummler, I.e. iii. i =FT. 140. Ag. Para- 
skevi, 1885, i. 12. 

226. Fragment of similar ring : one of the four-horned cups. 

227. Small ring without feet, carrying three plain cups. KBH. cxlviii. 10. 
= FT. 137. Ag. Paraskevi, 1884. 

229. Thick flat plate of red polished clay, bent at a right angle : the 
inner surface has a raised rim, and one half is divided by ridges into 
four panels : mutilated at this end. H. 0-20 (approx.). Kalopsida, e^. 

230*. Oval vessel with two pairs of holes in rim to fasten the cover: incised 
ornament: fine red polished ware. Mus. Rep. i. p. 25. CL FT. 142. 
Brit. A 51. Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, i. 12. 

231. Lid : cf. 230 : square, with central handle and one perforation for 
string : similar ware and ornament. 

233. Lid round with two perforations: ornament of squares and triangles. 
Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 10 {Tomb Group, p. 55). 

234. Similar : coarse clay. 

236. Similar: incised ornament : red ware, partly blackened, cf. 76-82. 
Ag. Paraskevi, 1884, 3. 

3. Base-Ring Ware. 

A. Plain dark slip : ornament in relief. 

a. One-hajidled Jugs ajtd Bottles : globular body and j^at base .; long 
tapering neck ivith funnel-shaped ritn ; one handle from shoulder to middle 
of neck, where there is a ^handle-ridge! 

251. No base-ring. H. 0-135. Cf. Brit. A 61. Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 10. 

252.^'' Two joined together, on conical bases. H. o-io. =FT. 121. Ag. 

Paraskevi {Cylinder Grave, p. 55). Cf. Brit. A 58 and spp. fr. Egypt : 

S. Kens. ^^ ; Lou. A 78 : Fitzw. No. 2 : Ashm. 117. Cf. 'Illahun,' 
1876 ' ' 

PI. xxvii. 14 (Maket Tomb). 
253-254. Single: in front, a pair of horn-like scrolls, in relief. H. o-ii. 
255-256. Vertical gores, in relief. H. 0-15. 255. =FT. 165. Ag. 

Paraskevi {Cylinder Grave). Cf. Lou. 85 : Si. G. 19965 : Ashm. 119. 
255* a. Snake ornament, in relief [5028]. Cf. FT. 165^; Sandwith, 

1. c. ix. 3 : Brit. (323 Warren) A 66 : Ashm. 1 16. 
257-258. Two gores down front, and cross-hatching (257). H. o-i3-o-i7. 
259. 'Slightly pinched lip. N. B. Imitation in coarse red clay. Cf. 

Ashm. 1 3 1-3. 
260*. Narrow conical jug, slanting backwards on flat base : one handle 

behind: ?«mf</ bands and lattice-lozenges. H. 0-21. =FT. 148. 

Cf Lou. A 21. Ag. Paraskevi {Cylinder Grave). 

261*. Fantastic vase with ovoid body, high on base-ring : and two necks, 

one open, the other ending in a horned head (cf.Figurines,C.M. 467-9, 

3321): from neck to neck a strap-like handle. KBH. ccxvi. 29: 

Dummler, I.e. ii. 14. FT. 159. Katydata-Linu. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE POTTERY. 47 

270*. Pear-shaped, on high base-ring : long wide cylindrical neck with 
expanded rim : broad handle from middle point of neck. H. 0-28. 
Cf. FT. 166 : Ashm. 122 = J. H. S. xvii. fig. 7, 8. Laksha in Riu, 4. 

b. BozvIs,/imnel-shaped, on base-7-mg,,with upright rim, horned handle, 
and often gores in relief outside. Cf FT. 28 : Brit. A 63 : Ashm. \\\-2: 
Lou. K "ji. 

266*. 0.0-148. Ag. Paraskevi {Cylinder Grave). 

267. 0.0-148. Laksha, 4. 35. D. 0-14. 36. D. o-io. Ash7n. i\i-2. 

B. Slightly lustrous slip : basket-work in lustreless white . 

Paint. Cf lUahun, PI. xiii. 31 ; FT. 171 : Brit. A 121 : Ashm. 126-9. 

271-274. Like 270. H. o-26-o-24. Laksha tu Riu, 4. 
275-277. Like 251 flf. H.o-i3-o-i5. 276. [ = 724]. 277*. Brown sHp. 
Laksha tu Riu, 4. Cf Lou. A 82. 

4. White Ware with Base-Ring : no Slip. sV^*^ ')> , tvt^» t>-Lt^ 7^v»^-l 

291*. Lekythos, tall, with flat shoulder. H. o-io. Cf Ashm. 146: 

Kalopsida, 1 1 . 
293*. Krater : low neck : two vertical handles from rim to shoulder. 

Ashm. 143. Laksha tu Liiu, 4. 
294*. Oenocho^e : coarse heavy ware : pinched lip. Laksha tu Riu, 4. 

Cf Ashm. 144. 
296*. Bowl : sloping sides : thick rim : one string-hole. D. 0-233. 

Ashm. 141. Kalopsida, 11. 
297*-299. Bowl; distinct upright concave sides: flatbase. 0.0-205-0-216. 

Cf FT. 16 (Soliais). Ashm. 142 (with one handle). 

5. Black Ware. CL Brit. K'j'^-j^: Ashm. 151-9. 

281-283*. Lekythos : punctured ornament. CfFT. 180. H. 0-12-0-09. 

Kalopsida, 11. 
286-288. Lekythos: ovoid, finer slip, plain. H. 0-105. 286. [=1559]. 

Ag. Paraskevi, 1884, 7. Cf spp. from Kalopsida 11 (Ash. Mus.), 

J. H. S. xvii. fig. 4, and Murray, Hdbk. of Gk. Archaeology, p. 10, 

PI. i. 3. 
39. Bowl like 38 [q. v.] : soft black glossy ware like 281-288. D. o-io. 

7. Cypriote Bucehero Ware. 

1033*. Oenochoae : wide reUef gores : hand-made. FT. 179. Katyda/a- 
Li7iu, 1883. Cf S. Ke7is. 257/1883 (Kurion : krater): Lou. K 2^2,- 

8. Wheel-made Ware. 

300*. Spindle-shaped vase with narrow neck and one handle : flat foot. 
Cf lllahun, PL xxvii. 18 (Maket Tomb) : Brit. 67-8: Ashm. 181 : 
KBH. cxxxvii. 5 a. FT. 172. Nikolides, 1894. 

II. Painted Pottery. 

Fabric II. 4. White chalky slip on dark granular ware: black 
paint (red when over-fired). 

A. LI emi spherical Bowls, with 07ie horizontal hor7ied ha7idle. Cf. Brit. 
C 5-6 : Lou. A 45-6. 

301* -303.^ Typical ornament of seams and lattice: double band on rim 
from which seam-stripes pass downwards, but do not meet across 




48 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

l^e bottom. D, o-i 5-0-20. Laksha in Riu, 4. Cf. specimens in 
Tomb Group, p. 58; cf. Ashm. 291-2: and in the Tomb Groups 
Jrom Ktirion, p. 181. 
304; Elaborate ornament of chequers. D. 0-035. Cf. FT. 34. 

305. Imitation of the above in dusty cream-coloured ' white ware' (II. i), 
very small and shallow. Cf. sp. from Laksha tu Riii, 4 (Ash. Mus.), 
J. H. S. xvii. fig. 7, 12. Cf. Sandwith, 1. c. x. 2 [shigle rim-pattern). 

B. Jugs, Bottles, 4'c- \_^o^ represented in Cypr. Mus. Cf. Brit. 
C 11-15 : Ashm. 201 ff. : St. G. 21518.]. 

Fabric II. 1. White Ware. 

A. Bowls : flattened below: distinct rim, and one horned handle : 
broad side-band 0/ linear ornament: characteristic bands across bottom. 

306. Fine example, strongly influenced by style of 301-304. D. 0-13. 
Brit. C 30. 

307*-310. Chevrons and hatched triangles or lozenges (310). D,o-ir--o8. 
311*. Nearly spherical: incurved rim: basket pattern. 0.0-073. Mil Mill I 

Cf. FT. 30. iiiiliilli ~ 

312. Hemispherical : seven string-holes on handle : chevrons. Tamassos 

{Lambcrti), 1889, 31. 
313-317. Plain handle. D. 0-137-0-068. 317. Lip slightly pinched in 

front. 
318. Fragment of similar bowl, with tubular spout like C. M. 17. 
319-321. Widi trough-spout like C. ]\I. 12-13: black slip outside: 

border and bottom-ornament, inside. Kalopsida, 23. 
322. Hatched triangles : bottom ornament, one string-hole. D. 0-165. 
323-326. 'No handle: slight rim, wavy hues, &c. 326.*""H. 0-07. Ag. 

Paraskevi, 1884, 7. 

327. Small pot with vertical handle : similar. Cf. Lou. A 36. 

328. Bowl with nearly vertical slightly concave sides, and vertical 



handle : basket pattern ^^^^^^^ of straight and wavy lines. 

329*. Deep bowl with standing base and bow handle from one side 
of the rim to the other : deep border of chevrons and cross-hatched 
triangles : characteristic bands modified, below. H. o-i6. FT. 177a. 

B. One-handled Jugs and Bottles. FT. 81, 83, 84. 

331*-333. Globular : wide cylindrical neck : expanding rim perforate 
for suspension: no handle. H. 0-18-0-075-0-13. Kalopsida, 11. 

334-335. Like 11 5-1 16: wavy lines and chevrons. Horned handle. 
H. 0-14-0-185. Cf. Brit. C 33. 

336-341. Painted longitudinal gores : plain handle. H. 0-08-0-20. 336."^ 
Pinched lip. 

342. Like 162 : short broad spout. H. 0-14. 

343. Like 126: friezes of chevrons, &c. H. 0-25. 

344*-345. Long narrow neck : two string-holes in front : longitudinal 
panels of chequers and lattice (cf. 348). 344. H. 0-15. Tamassos 
(Khomazudia), 3. 345. H. 0-18. Laksha tu Riu, 5. 

346*-355. Globular Schnabclkanne: narrow neck: broad shallow spout: 
handle sometimes reduced to a string-hole : triangles, chevrons, 
lattice and basket panels. H. 0-15-0-105. Cf. Sandwith, I.e. ix. 8. 
Cf. Brit. C 45 : Ashm. 232 fi". : Lou. A 33 : St. G. 31291. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE POTTERY. 49 

356-357. Body depressed: neck at one side: loop handle in centre 

above: lattice above, 'bottom ornament' below. H. 0-07 5-0- 122 

FT. 98. Cf. Brit. C 50; St. G. 23442. 
358-359. Symmetrical : wider neck : finely drawn panels and lozenges. 

H. 0.12-0-075. 
360*-364. Spout tubular, with a wide opening in upper side: often on. 

three feet. H. o- 1 5-0- 1 2 . 360. Laksha tu Riu, i . 361. Tamassos 

{Lamberti). Cf. FT. 97-99: Btit. C 48-9: Ashm. 236 flf.: Lou. 

A 32, 40-1. 
364-365. Three (364; =FT. 125), or two (365) buch bodies one above 

another. "TI. 0.155-0.115. Cf. Brzt. C 61. 

366. Two bodies side by side, with a common neck. H. o-i. 

C. Flas ks, sausage-shaped : flattened bodies : small neck at one end, with 
string-hole or small handle. FT. 94. 

367. Neck has spout and two string-holes. Pattern like 31 1. H. 0-16. 
368*-380. Neck plain : longitudinal ornament. (577-378 globular.) 

H. 0-65-0.135. Cf. Brit. C 55-7; Ash?n. 241 ff.; Lou. A 95. 
381. Pointed beloAV. 
382*-384. With distinct foot and many string-holes. H. 0-20-0-12. 

Cf. FT. 95 <5. 

D. Fantastic Vases : same techftique and ornaments. 

385. In the form of a hollow ring : neck in the same plane : one small 
handle. Cf. FT. 138. 

386. In the form of a hollow ring : the neck rises above the ring : loop 
handle across. Cf. Libyan and Pioto-Corinthian forms: Brit. 
C 64-5: L.OU. A 47: Schl. 'Ilios,' fig. 1392. H. 0-032. =FT. 136. 

- Cf. Diimmler, I.e. i. 9. Ag. Paraskevi^ 1894, 10. 

387. Fish-shaped: plain spout for head: two perforated fins. [697.] 
KBH. clvii. 2. = FT. 161. Lapithos. 

388-389. Animal-shaped. H. 0-055, Cf.^J/^w. 247-50. Ag.Paraskevi, 
1885. 

400. Pear-shaped, on foot : coarse clay, red painted 7|f ; part of a com- 
posite vase. H. 0-12. =FT. 126 a. Ag. Paraskevi, 1884, 7. 

401-402. Vide below, Fabric II. 3. 

Fabric II. 2. Polished White "Ware with lustrous Red Paint. 

Bnt. C 65. "■ 

411, Three globular bowls, joined in line, on small feet, with one tall 

horned handle. KBH. clxx. 9 c. =FT. 132. Ag. Paraskevi, iS^^,ll. 
412*-413. Globular body ; wide cylindiical neck : two small handles on 

shoulder. [1608,1612.] H. 0-155. KBH. clxx. 10 a. =FT. 114. 

Ag. Paraskevi, 1884. 
414. Coarse lustreless imitation of 412-413. H. 0-103. 
415?f'Like 336 flf. : strainer in mouth: lattice gores. KBH. clxx. 10. 

= FT. 93. Ag. Paraskevi. 

416. Like 163 : on three feet. H. 0-183. Ag. Paraskevi, 1 884-1 885. 

417. Same fabric. H. 0-13. 

Fabric II. 3. Black Slip on "White "Ware : lustreless Red Paint. 

401. Bowl like 27 fF. [1570]. D. 0-134, 402. Jug like 340 [1590]. 
H. 0-19. Cf. Bnt. A. 134. 

£ 



50 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



/ 



5. Mykenaean Fabric : {a) Getiuine imported vases. Cf. Brit. 
A 321-7. 

430. BiigelkanneC stirrup-handled amphora'). H.o-ops. [753'Mykenae': 
IMS. Cat.] 

431. Pear-shaped amphora on tall foot, with three small handles and 
nnnn ornament on the shoulder ^ H. 0-145. Lakslia tu Riii,\^cfi, ^. 

441. Ei,^g-shaped body and narrow neck, with two small vertical handles 
(prototype of 1009-11); greenish clay: lustrous brown paint: 
probably Rhodian fabric of Mykenaean [78]. H. 0-13. 

445-446. Fragments of Mykenaean ware, from the surface at Lapithos. 

{b) Amative imitations : White Ware, II. i. Cf. Brit. A 328. 

432. Small i)0t with vertical sides and three handles. KBH. clii. 4. 

433. Small pot with vertical sides and two handles : very rude work. 
H. 0-067. Cf. Lou. A 94. 

434. Eugclkanne : large late form : elaborate triangle-ornament. H, 0-38. 
Lapithos"^. Cf. one with Rhodian octopus ornament, Kurion, 1895, 
Brit. Mus. 

435.^ Biigclkanne: smaller, globular: similar ornament. [869.] H. 0-14. 
Lapithos '^. 

436. Biigelkanne: diminutive: degenerate. H. 0-085. Ci. Ashm. ^11-2. 
Kuldia, 6. 

437. One-handled jug; body and ornament like 436 [177°]- H. 0-12. 

438. One-handled jug on foot : concave sides and angular shoulder : 
grey clay and dull black paint : friezes of hatched triangles, arch- 
pattern ^7?^^/??^^, &c. H. 0-165. 

439. : Amphora with horizontal handles: similar ornaments. H. 0-125. 

? Kuklia, 6. Cf. Brit. A 446 (Kamiros). 
440.' Amphora with expanding lip: broad bands and wavy lines. 
H. 0-135. Ktiklia, 12. 
[N. B. This specimen is exhibited here to^show the transition from Mykenaean^ 
to_Graeco-Phoenician pottery. Cf. C. M. 1040-1-2 (oenochoae) from the same 
tomb; 112S-32 (amphorae) ;'ii33 (hydria).] 

441, 445, 446. Vide ' Genuine imported vases ' above. 

442*. Fantastic vase : body on foot with vertical sides : spout excentric, 
balanced by a horned head, with two loop-handles between (cf. 261): 
ornament of elaborate triangles (cf. 435). =FT. 161. KBH. civil. 2. d. 

447 *^ (1169.) Cylindrical bottle with broad lip, and two loop-handles 

on shoulder; three friezes of lattice triangles. Cf. Ashm. 413. 

Kuklia, 6. 
448*^ (1170.) Similar: two projections instead of handles : broad lip. 

Kuklia, 12. 
449*^ (1171.) Similar, one handle from neck to shoulder: distinct fool. 

Kuklia, 1 2 . 

1 A similar sp., bought formerly at a sale of 'duplicates' at the Museum, was 
recently (1S94) in a private collection in Nicosia. 

2 434, 435, 387 were found together, and 445, 446 very near. The rest of the tomb 
is in the Berlin Museum. KBH. xcviii. 1, clvii. 2. 

^ 447-449 are of the same grey clay as 438. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE TERRACOTTAS. 5 1 



FIGURINES. 

461. Fragment of a horned animal or bird. White ware, with painted 
rectilinear ornament. 

Female Figures. (Vide Introduction, p. 27.) 

462*. Type I. Obloiig flattened pellet of ill-baked clay with indications 
of hair, face, and arms. Cf. KBH. Ixxxvi, cxlvi. 3 B, clxxiii. 2 of. 
Louvre, Cypr. No. i. Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 10. 

463. Tj'pe II c. Upper part of a female figure with breasts indicated 
by separate pellets of clay (cf. C. M. 5402), nose by a pinched-up 
ridge, eyes and navel by deep punctures, and mouth by an incision : 
attachments for earrings on side of head : left arm broken. The 
right arm is raised with the hand in front of the forehead, in an 
attitude of mourning. (Cf. sp. from Kurton, 1895 (Brit. Mus.) : 
a similar bronze figure from Crete, in the Ashm. Mus., Oxford, and 
Louvre, No. 4.) KBH. cxlviii. 9 a, clxxiii. 23 a. Ag. Paraskevi, 1 885. 

464*. Type II a. Female figure modelled naked, with wide hips, and 
hands on breasts, like the Cycladic marble statuettes, but with bird- 
like face with enormous ear-flanges perforated for four movable 
clay earrings, of which one remains. No paint : ornament incised. 
Cf. KBH. xxxvii. 6 {Berl. 109): Brit. T. C. Cypr. 120 and Kurion, 
1895 (sp. holding a bird). Cf. Heuzey, pi. iv. 6: Bliss, MjNIC. 
p. 68, fig. III. H. o-ri6. Nikolides, 1895. 

465. Similar figure with nose-ritig; from the Bronze Age necropolis near 
Kythrea (Khytroi). [Long missing, but referred to in the MS. 
Report on Kurion, 1883-84, p. 30 (0-R : in Cyprus Museum); 
and thus described by M. Reinach (Chroniques, p. 187) — ' Une 
figure de femme nue en argile avec coiffure dgyptienne, pelvis 
triangulaire, et nombril tr^s accentu^, qui porte, detail nouveau, un 
grand anneau pass^ dans le nez.'] Cf. Louvre, No. 2. 

466. Type II b. Female figure (head only), with bird-like face and 
conspicuous eyes : black and red paint. Cf. Sandwith, 1. c, x. 4 ; 
KBH. clxxii. 17 t; Heuzey, pi. ii. 6: Louvre, No. 3. (Not yet 
exhibited: cf. Tomb Groups, p. 181.) Kurion (1895), 100. 

3145?^q. v.] Genre Group. ' Snow-man ' technique, Type lie : a woman 
grinding corn, with a saddle-quern like C. M. 471-8 : in front 
a large vessel to hold the flour : a child, seated opposite, holds 
a sieve. [433.] [341- (Warren) Tamassos.] Journ. Cypr. Stud. i. 
pi. I ; KBH. clxxiii. 19 h. Cf. Dummler, Mitth. Ath. xiii. 286, 
and later figurines from Phoenicia (Louvre). Kurion, 1883 (0-R). 

Oxen. Type III. The fabric is identical with that of the base-ring 
ware (p. 37), carefully and vigorously modelled : body and horns long, 
legs short : eyes with distinct iris and pupil added by pellets of clay. Cf. 
the modelled head of the vase, C. M. 261 : Brit. A 132 : Lou. A 176-9. 

467-469. (Not yet exhibited : vide Tomb Groups, p. 181.) 467. Kurion 
(1895), 27. 468. ^«nb« (1895), 105. 469. Head only. Kurion 
(1895), 87. 

3321'^. Similar : catalogued in General Collection of Terracottas, q. v. 

Birds. 3275-6, from the edge of a cup, are perhaps of the Bronze Age. 

E 2 



52 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



STONE IMPLEMENTS. 

j Palaeolithic Implements have not been observed in Cyprus, and Neo- 
jlu^hic are very rare. The specimens described below are all of the 
/Bronze Age or later. Cf. jade fragments from Kiin'on {Myk. St/e), 1895 
I (Brit. Mus. 96/2/1. 81 flf.). 

470. Celt of greenstone ? of the usual Levantine type, with swollen 
conical outline, and somewhat obtuse cutting edge. (Not yet 
exhibited: vide p. 181.) Kurion (1895), 46. 

Corn-rubbers. Of volcanic rock, oval, convex one side, worn flat 
the other : somedmes the ends are less worn than the middle, on the flat 
bide : used upon a large flat bed (saddle-qucrn), fragments of which have 
been noted at Kalopsida, Leondari-Vuno, Nikolides, A. Sozomenos, 
A. Paraskevi, Alambra : both in tombs and on sites of settlements. 
Similar stones are common at Hissarlik. Cf CM. 5152. Voni. 

471. Psemmatismeno : settlement. 1885. L. -36. B. -16. 
472-478. A. Paraskevi, Kalopsida, &c. L. •24-- 10. 
479-480. [v. below.] 

Whetstones. Cf. KBH. cxlvi. 9 B. Cf 9 A (Hissarlik). 

481-483. Quadrangular, tapering, oblique string-hole in thicker end. 
L. •103—08. 

484. Quadrangular, tapering. L. -052. Kalopsida, 10. 

485. Flat: transversely perforated at one end. [5045.] L. -105. Ag. 
Paraskevi ? 

486-487. Flat : transversely perforated at one end. L. •085-0-33. Kalo- 
psida, 26. Cf. Leondari Viino, J. H. S. xi. p. 12. 

Touchstones. 

488. Bronze Age. Flat : quadrangular. L. -09. 

489. Early Gr.-Phoen. Hemispherical. D. -025. Amathus, 9. 

490. Early Gr.-Phoen. Cylindrical: rubbed on one side. L.-05. Amathus,^. 

Hammerstones. 
491.''^- Oval : transversely bored. Cf KBH. cxlix. 18. 20. 

492. Oval: transversely bored. Taviassos, 1889. 

Corn-Bruisers, &c. 

493. Conical. L. -045. Kalopsida, 6. 

494-495. Unworked river-stones. L. •112— 10. Idalion, \^g^. 
496. Oval: bruised at both ends. Idalion, Princ. Sanctuary, 1894. 

Sling-stones, &c. 

497-499. Oval. Jdaliofi, Princ. Sanctuary, 1894. 

499 a. Caiapult-stone ? Hemispherical, with depression above, and ten 
small sockets, perhaps for metal grips. Cf. similar specimens from 
same site, in Berlin Mu.seum S^Berl. 466]. Idalion, Acropolis, 1895. 

479. Stone saucer. Idalion, Princ. Sanctuary, 1894. 

480-480 a. Perforated discs of clay. D. •o8--043. Idalion, Priiic. 
Sanctuary, 1894. 

Spindlewhorls and Mace-heads. [See Nos. 651-664. Nos. 634-7 
are also of stone.] 



CATALOGUE OF STONE AND BRONZE IMPLEMENTS. 53 



BRONZE IMPLEMENTS. 

Axe-heads: thin, flat, Jiearly quadrangular. Perrot, vi.fig. 359. Si.G. 
15146. 

501*-503. L. .16-11. 501. =[5046]. 503. Laksha tu Rhi, \. 
504. Similar, with expanded cutting edge : cf. sp. at Cambridge, fr. Tamassos. 

Daggers, ia) Leaf-shaped, with three rivets for the hilt. L. -17— 12. 

505*-514. Ag. Paraskevi. 512-513 only two, 514 only one rivet. 

[5047. 586.] Cf. St. G. 13815: Diimmler, Mitth. xi. Beil. i. 16. 
515-519. Kalopsida. 615-516. Tomb 5. 517. Tomb 10. 518-519. 

Tomb II. 
520. Ta?nassos. Cp. spp. from Leondari Vuno in Camb. Fitzw. Mus. 
521-523. Laksha tti Riu. Only two rivets. Cf. ^/. G. 13815. 521- 

522. Tomb i. 523. Tomb 2. 
524-525. Tamassos. Only two rivets. 

(/3) Flat tang, with parallel sides ; no rivets. L. -14 and under. 
531*-532. Triangular blade. 531. =[1499]. Ag. Paraskevi. 
533-537. Leaf-shaped blade. Cf. 6"/. G. 15149. [1500.] Ag. Paraskevi. 
538-541. Leaf-shaped blade. Tamassos. 
545*. Leaf-shaped blade, with one rivet at the end of the tang. 

546. Leaf-shaped blade : two holes through the base of the blade, one 
on each side of the midrib. Cf. Dummler, Mitth. xi. 16, Beilage i. 11. 

547. Triangular blade without tang : traces of rivets. Tamassos. 

(y) Leaf shaped blade, with strong midrib produced into a round taper- 
ing tafig which is bent upon itself at the tip. Cf. Dummler, 1. c. i. 14. 
551. L. -43 (blade). Kalopsida, g. 555. L. -23. 
552*. L. -34. [5048.] 556. L. -21. Tamassos. 

553. L. -28. Kalopsida, 9. 557. L. -20. Tamassos. 

554. L. -25. [1981.] 558. [notexhibited]^«;7b;/(t895),58. 

Scrapers : triangular, L. •03—05. 

N. B. — Synilar scrapers of copper and iron occur in prehistoric deposits in Central 
Europe. The Cypriote women still use exactly similar scrapers in mailing bread, 
to*~cTear the dough from the trough. " "" 

561*-562. Kalopsida, 12. 563-564. [1513-15.] Ag. Paraskevi. 

Awls: one_end long and round, the other short and of square section. 
L. •04-- 1 8. Cf. St. G^. 15150. 

665*. Laksha tu Riu, 3. 567-570. Ag. Paraskevi {Old Coll.) 

566. Tamassos. 571. Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 10. 

Needles: L. -06- -14. Cf. Bliss, Mound of Many Cities (Tell-el- 
Hesy), p. 59, fig. 101-2. 

672. Large and thick ; eye end rounded : round eye. (Broken.) 
673*-574. Large and thick ; square eye. Salamis Collection. 
576*-579. Slender, eye end pointed : long narrow eye. Ag. Paraskevi. 
580. Slender, eye end pointed : long narrow eye. Salajnis Collection. 

Pins : (a) without distinct head. L. • i o- • 1 8. 

581*. Kalopsida, 9. 583-584. =[5049]. 

582-585. „ 24. 586. Kalopsida, 12. 



54 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

{0) Wilh disthict solid head. L. •2i--i4. 

587*. Kalopsida, 9. 589. Tamassos. 

588. Salamis Collection. 590. Ag. Paraskevi. 

{y) Large conical head : eye about halfivay dozen the shaft. L. •07—12. 
Cf. Egypt (Petrie, Illahun, xxii. 1-3 (G^^/z-^Z-)), Tell-el-Hcsy (Bliss, MMC. 
p. 59, fig. 98-100), Hissarlik (KBH. cxlvi. 4 A); absent in Hungary. 

591*-593. Small head. KBII. cxlvi. 4 B. Cf. J. H. S. xii. 12 {Leondari 
Viino). Sp. in Cambr., Fitzw. Mus., has almost no distinct head. 

594*-598. Large hollow conical head like a mushroom. 598. '/'aniassos. 
Cf. Cesnola, Salaminia, PI. iv, 8 A. 

(8) 77/1? head is formed by a spiral loop of the stem. 
598 a, b, c. Tamassos. KBH. cxlvi. i A, B ; for Central European 
parallels v. IMuch, Kupferzeit, p. 374. 

DistaflF head. L. .09. 

599*. Narrow collar below ; beaded shaft ; large head above, made of 
intersecting circular plates, like a mediaeval casse-tete. Cf. J. H. S. 
xii. 2 (sp. at Cambridge from Leondari Vuno) ; KBH. ccxiii. 8 a 
(mod. parallels), cxlvi. 2 B (specimen in Pennsylvania University 
IMuseum, Philadelphia); Schliemann, Ilios, fig. 121 (iR, pin, 
' brooch '= KBH. cxlvi. 2 A). 

Flesh-hook or Fork : common in later Bronze Age tombs. Cf. sp. 
from a lake-dwelling at Peschiera. Munro, Lake-dwellings of Europe, 
p. 223, fig. 64. 12. 

600*. L. 07. 
600 a. Tamassos. 

Tweezers : zvith broad blades : rare before the later Bronze Age. 
L. -07—08. Cf. Egyptian types. Louvre {Salle Civile), v. 

601. U-shaped. Cf. J. H. S. xii. 12 (Cambridge, Leondari Vuno). Cp. 

silver sp. {Mykenae), KBH. cl. 2. 
602-603a. V-shaped. 602-3. Laksha tu Riu, 2. 603a. Taniassos, H. 27. 

Chisels or Spatulae : of uncertain age and provenance. L. 10. 
604-605. A. P. di Cesnola ? Salamis. Cf. Cesn. Salaminia, PI. iv. 8 c. 
Ploughshare. 

609. A flat narrow sole-plate of bronze, with a shoe-like hood at one end 
of the upper side. (Not yet exhibited. Vide Tomb Groups, p. 181.) 
Kurion (1895), 51. 

610. Bone Awl. Cf. KBH. cxlvi. 8 A. Tamassos. 

Spiral Rings, some probably ivorn as earrings. Cf. 4000. -01—03 
diameter, (a) Ill-refined silver. 

611-614. Various sizes. Ag. Paraskevi. Cf. Leondari Vuno (Fitzw. BIus.). 

615. Three similar. Laksha tu Riu, i. 

616. Three linked together. D. -015. Laksha tu Riu, 2. 

(3) Refitted silver. 

617. Thicker spiral of two turns. D. -015 ; exactly like those of Graeco- 
Phoenician Age (4ii9ff.). Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 10. 

(y) Bronze. 
621-623. Same types as 6 1 1-6 14. ^^./"ar. 623a,b,c. 7t?;;//^ 1894, 10. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE IMPLEMENTS SPINDLEWHORLS. 55 

624. One similar, broken. Laksha iu Rite, i. 

625-626. Long beads of spiral bronze-ribbon. Cf. St. G., 13811: 
KBH. clxxii. 15 1. 

625. Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 10. 626. Laksha hi Riu, i. 

Beads of Blue-glazed Porcelain, &c. Cf. 4471-9. KBH. cli. 
6, 10, 13, 15. 

630*. Spherical. Ag. Paraskevi. Cf. T. G. yi^. Par. 1894, 10 (p. 57) : 

Kurion, 1895, 35 (p. 181). 
631*. Long, plain. Ag. Paraskevi. 

632*. Long, spirally ribbed. Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, IL 7 and elsewhere. 
633*. Flat, very small : blue or reddish-brown. Ag. Paraskevi. 

Agalmatolite. Cf. Dummler, I.e. p. 217 {Cyprus), and p. 20, Beil. i. 
D. I {Amorgos: ' chrysoprase ; ' now in As/wi.). 

634-635. Pendants of agalmatolite. KBH. clxxxiii. 22. a. b. Ag. 

Paraskevi, 1885, IL 7. 
636*-637. Flat ring of agalmatolite, with notch on one side and small 

knob on the other : of uncertain use : perhaps a weight. Dummler 

(1. c. p. 216) calls ihtm pendants. Cf. A. P. di Cesnola, Salaminia, 

p. 81, fig. 77. Ag. Paraskevi, 1885, II. 7. 

SPINDLEWHORLS. 

N. B. — Some of these objects may be small mace-heads : others large beads. Dummler 
(Mitth. Ath. xi. 217) takes the perforated stones for sling-stones. Principal 
Types, KBH. ccxiii. 10-25. For a late specimen, v. C. M. 5568. 

A. Bronze Age. Schl. Ilios, fig. 635. 

(o) Large heavy whorls, cut from river-pebbles of diorite, with polished 
surface and wide perforation. Nearly spherical. , (L{. St. G. 15 145. 
651*. Perforation cylindrical : drilled. D. o-o6. Laksha tu Riu, 5. 
652. Perforation conical : drilled. [3346.] D. 0-055. Tamassos. 
653-654. Perforation doubly conical : bored. D. 0-044. 653. Ag. Par. 
1894, 10. 654. =[5044.] 

(3) Egg-shaped Cf. Tell-el-Hesy, Bliss, MMC. p. 41, fig. 82. 

655. Perforation conical : drilled: slightly flattened on one side. D. 0-055. 
Tatnassos. 

656. Perforation conical : drilled : slight angle at greatest diameter. 

(y) Elliptical: perforated along the longer axis. Cf. Dummler, 1. c. 
Beilage i. 12. 

657. Drilled nearly through unsymmetrically, and corrected by boring 
from the other end. 

658-659. Bored conically from both ends : limestone. D. 0-06-0-04. 

660. Bored conically from both ends. D. 0-063. Laksha tu Riu, 5. 

661. Drilled, and widened by boring at both ends. D. 0-055. 

662. Bored from both ends. Kalopsida, \i. 

663. Bored from both ends. Laksha tu Riu, 2. 

664. Oval pebble; boring begun at both ends, but unfinished, and 
surface not symmetrical. 1). 0-076. 

(S) Pottery: 0-03-0-04 m. diameter : coarse clay, sometimes polished red. 
665-667. Nearly cylindrical. D. 0-053. 

668*-673. Conical; in series, becoming flatter. D. 0-047-0-02. 
674-682. Finer specimens in polished red ware with various incised 
patterns. 680. Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 10. 



56 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

683. Nearly spherical, slightly flattened below. D. 0-043, 
684*-702*. Echinus-shaped; developing into double-cone-shaped: various 

incised patterns. 
703-707. Black ware like 75-84. 706. Especially black and gritty: groups 

of parallel lines incised : often filled with a chalky substance. Cf. 

S/. G. 1 51 58. 
708. Fantastic specimen : three spherical whorls coalescing on same 

axis. (Figured Journ. Cypr. Stud., pi. ii. 15 c, and KBH. cxlix. 11.) 

Ag. Paraskevi. 

B. Later Bronze Age (period of INIykenaean Influence); and 
TRANSifioN TO Graeco-Phoenician Age. " 

(f^r Steatite: double-cone type: small, L. 0-02 m. Especially common 
in tombs which c'ontaTn"Kr}''kenaean vases. "^ ~ ' " 

709 \ Ornament of small drilled circles with central point. Laksha tu 
Rill, 4. Cf. Tomb Group, Laniaka, 1894, 55 (p. 178): Kurion, 
1895 (Brit. Mus. 96/2/1. 76-7): St. G. 15163. 

710. Plain. Laksha tu Riu, 4. 

711. Light coloured stone; incised zigzags. Cf. A?n. 199 (Brit. Mus.). 
712-716. Steatite: plain. 

717. Similar. Kiiklia (probably from shaft 6 or 12). 

718. Similar. A ma thus ? 

719. Conical with flat ends. Poli [C. E. F.], C. 25. 

C. Graeco-Phoenician Age. 

{() Sttatitt : hemispherical or low conical : flat u ndersid e^,, 0-025 diam. 

Geometrical incised ornament. Cf. St. G. 15158. 

N. B. — The type f is very rare in Graeco-Phoenician tombs. 

731. Tangent circles O^^O-^G^^ on dotted ground. D. 0-042. 

732*. Drilled circles with central point, cf. 709 : on dotted ground in 
plain border. 

733. Intersecting semicircles with central point, in plain border 9:)'):)) 

734-735. Plain border. ' 

736-769. Plain : in series from conical to hemispherical. This type lasts 
on into the Hellenistic Age : e. g. specimens from Amathus, 205, 254, 
found together \^\\h glass whorls : 822, thirty-two similar whorls, flat. 

770. Similar: limestone. Lartiaka, 1894, 45, 

{■q) Alabaster: hemispherical: later Graeco-Phoenician : the pin is of 

bronze wire, zvith a small loop above. 

771*. Amathus, 224. 774. Amathus, 77. 

772-773. Kiiklia. 780. Nearly flat. 

D. Hellenistic Age. 

{&) Porcelain : hemispherical : perhaps of Graeco-Phoenician Age. 

791. Blue glaze. 792. White glaze : ribbed. 

(t) Glass : hemispherical or segmental : with spirally ribbed surface, 
often ornamented with coloured-glass bands. 

793. Black with looped yellow band. Amathus, 55. 

799. Amathus, 44. 809. Kuklia. 810. Amathus, 13. 

(k) Bone. Cf. C. M. 4990, spindle-shaft. 

820. Flat and thin, slightly convex : incised rings. 

821. Plain. D. 0-038. ' 822. Vide above, 736 ff. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZE AGE TOMB GROUPS, 57 



BRONZE AGE TOMB GROUPS. 

The following groups are exhibited in the JNIuseum apart from the 
Type Collections and from each other ; they are typical of the colloca- 
tions of objects which are met with in tombs of this age. Vide Preface, 
p. viii. 

Agia Paraskevi, 1884, 1. The tomb of the gold-mounted Babylonian 
Cylinder, 4501. The only specimens which can be identified from the 
original photographs (reproduced with ground-plan, KBH. clxxi. 14) 
are 180, 252, 255, 260, 266. 

Agia Paraskevi, 1884, 4. Incised red ware and black slip ware: 
like 20, 55, III, 167, 194. 

Agia Paraskevi, 1894, 10. The tomb of the large Cylinder 
Mounts, 4502 : a natural cave on the north edge of the plateau ; 
collapsed ; containing red polished ware with incised and relief ornament ; 
213*, 233*, black slip ware like 151 ff. ; base-ring jug 251 and another 
like it; a flat dish with rim like 298 ; fragments of hemispherical bowls 
like 301 ff . ; abundance of painted ware, of types 332, 346, 368, 371, 
386*, 411; a perforated lid like 180; the incised flask, 213; bronze 
implement, 571. Spirals: silver, 617; bronze, 623, 625 ; clay figure, 462; 
stone spindlewhorl, 653, and a number of clay ones, e.g. 680 : porcelain 
beads like 630. 

Kalopsida, 3. Plain red ware only, including several like 42. Bronzes 
515-516. 

Kalopsida, 5. Red ware, plain and incised: especially 229 and 
a small krater from a rinsr-vase. 

Kalopsida, 6. Plain red ware : especially a globular bottle with long 
neck and two small horned handles, incised. Stone-grinder, 493. 

Kalopsida, 9. Bronzes 551, 553, 581, 587. The rest in Ashm. Miis. 

Kalopsida 10. Whetstone, 484; dagger, 517 : coarse red ware, 

Kalopsida, 11. Coarse red ware like 164, 178, &c. Black ware, 281-283. 
Painted ware, 331, 332, 333, and like 308, 314, 337-8, 340, 368, 379. 
Bronzes, 518, 519; spherical porcelain beads like 630. Half of this 
tomb is in Ashm. ]\Ius. 

Kalopsida, 12. Red and painted ware. Bronzes 581, 582, 586. 

Kalopsida, 17. Incised red ware bowl (cf. 7-1 1); painted bowl like 314. 

Kalopsida, 16, 18, 22, 32. Plain coarse red ware : various types. 

Kalopsida, 24. Bronzes 582, 585. 

Kalopsida, 25. Plain red ware spoon like 26, and jugs: painted 
bowls, 319, 320, 321 ; jug like 342. 

N, 13 — From Kalopsida there are also a few detached specimens of pottery. 



X 



58 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

Laksha tu Riu (Larnaka), 1 (Government share). A dome-shaped 
cave wiih door high uj) in the side, and five shallow niches round it : 
containing red polished ware, plain and incised ; painted vessel, 360, 
and a painted bowl; bronze implements, 503, 521, 522; spirals, 615, 
r)24, 626 [stone and clay spindlewhorls, spear-head, &c., in Ashm. Mus.]. 

Laksha tu Riu, 2. Painted ware, 330, and a globular bottle like FT. 
36: bronze implements, 523, 602-3; silver chain, 616; stone whorl, 663. 

Laksha tu Riu, 3. Globular schnabelkanne with incised zigzags 
and bands, cf. 350; painted bottles like 359, 371 ; bronze awl, 565. 

Laksha tu Riu, 4 (Government share). A dome-shaped cave with 
small square door high in the side (for the form cf. KBH. clxxii. 17, 18 
(Katydata-Linu : also with Mykenaean vases), and Orsi, Mon. Ant. i. 203 
(Crete)); containing the Mykenaean vase 431 [and two similar, and 
a biigelkanne]; base-ring jugs, 270-274, 277 [and several similar, one 
like 270 with horn-like scrolls, and a bowl on foot with white lines] ; base- 
ring bowl, 267 ; ten hemispherical bowls like 301 ff. [and about twenty 
more] ; the large krater 293 [and another smaller] ; and the spindlewhorl 
709, 710. [The rest of the tomb, thus indicated [ ], is in Ashm. Mus.] 

Laksha tu Riu, 5. Painted schnabelkanne, 345; red polished bowl; 
plain red jug like 131 ; stone whorls, 651, 660. 

Ag. Sozomenos, 1894. Very late Bronze Age, with INIykenaean 
vases ; passing over into Graeco-Phoenician. 

Tomb I. The following Nos. of Inventory in 'Tamassos und Idalion' ; 
the rest of the tomb is in the Berlin Museum. 

103. Tall pear-shaped vase with long cylindrical neck and one handle : 
base-ring fabric. H. 0-17. 

104. Similar : less bulged. H. 0-32. 

106. Wheel-made : oval body, base-ring : heavy rim to neck : handle 
from rim to shoulder : slip much flaked. H. o- 125. [' Tamassos und 
Idalion,' Formentafel 183.] 

Nikolides, 1894. Same period as Ag. Sozomenos. 

Tomb V. (remainder in Berlin INIuseum), the following Nos. : — 

153. The terracotta figurine, C.M. 464. 

159. Hand-made jug with slightly pinched lip (oenochoe) : coarse fabric : 

cf. specimen from Laksha tu Riu, 4, in Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 

H. 0-26. 

164. Same fabric as Ag. Sozomenos 103-104, but wider : neck inclined 
backwards. H. 0-107. 

165. Same fabric and shape as C.M. 225: strongly marked double 
handle-ridge. H. 0-122. [' Tamassos und Idalion,' Formentafel 165.] 

166. Similar, rougher fabric : no handle-ridge. H. 0-135. [FT. 171.] 

167. Similar fabric: oval hody pomied below: handle-ridge like 165. 
H. 0-168. [FT. 165.] 

Tomb VII. (remainder in Berlin Museum), the following Nos : — 
212. Fragment of large flat bowl with vertical string-hole on rim 

[F-T. 15]. 
216. White ware, painted. Form like C. M. 203 ff. (Class D. d. above) : 

two suspension holes in rim (cf. FT. 36) : rich geometrical ornament. 

Kurion, 1895; Salamis, 1896. v. below, p. 180-4. 



THE GRAECO-PHOENICIAN AGE. 

DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF POTTERY. 

The principal fabrics are as follows : — 

I. Unpainted. 

1. Domestic Ware. A large number of the common vessels are 

simply made of more or less unrefined clay of a white, yellowish, or 

brownish colour ; without slip or expressly smoothed surface : e. g. the 

majority of the wine amphorae, from the sixth century onwards, the common 

oenochoae and pitchers, and the shallow bowls, saucers, plates, and 

lamps, which are found almost everywhere. 

N. B. — Early types elegant : especially oenochoae from Nikolides and types from 
Kurion (1S95, Brit. Mus.). 

2. Black Slip Ware (Reeded Cypriote Bucchero). The clay is often 
light coloured, but is wholly covered by a black slip, which is usually 
lustreless, and inclined to wear off. This ware is found, as above 
mentioned (p. 37), in the latest Bronze Age tombs, and is characteristic 
of the Transition ; but disappears in the first period of the purely Graeco- 
Phoenician Age. Its usud.\/brms are the oenochoe and the krater ; both 
have a high foot, and many are reeded or fluted outside : a few are plain. 
The intention of the reeding, and of the black slip, is probably to imitate a 
metallic prototype (CM. oenochoae, 1033-1037; kraters, 1101-2-4-5-6). 

3. Black Ware. The clay is black throughout, like that of the Italian 
Bucchero : the surface is lustrous and quite plain. This ware also dis- 
appears early and is comparatively _rare (C. IM. 1038). 

4. Bed Ware. The clay is either red or light coloured, and is entirely; 
covered with a fine red slip, which in the earlier examples is smooth and 
apparently hand-polished (cf. a fragment (Amathus, 286) and two spp. in 
British Museum and spp. (Tamassos) in Berlin Museum), but in the later 
is coarser and dull. This ware also is early and rare ; it seems to represent 
a survival of the wheel-made red wares of the Bronze Age (Ag. Sozomenos 
106), and isitself superseded by the painted red ware (II. 3). (C. M. 1039.) 

II. Painted. 

I. White Ware. This is by far the commonest fabric, and differs 
from I. I only in the fact that it has painted ornament. The clay is 
white or cream-coloured, soft, absorbent, and usually quite lustreless : but 
all qualities of slip are found — (a) coarse, dull, and almost absent ; (/3) finer, 
but powdery and quite dull ; (y) fine and hard enough to be slightly 
lustrous. The ornament is executed (n) in lustreless black paint, made 
o.f the native umber of Cyprus, which very seldom burns to red. (/3) A 
lustreless and often powdery purple-red is used to fill spaces or bands 
which are usually outlined with black ; sometimes the red, or a dull 
variety of it, is used alone. This red resembles very closely, in composi- 



6o CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

tion and use, that which is used in the geometrical and early orientalizing 
styles of Boeolia ; and more remotely the purple-red of Chalcidian, 
Corinthian, and early Auic pottery. In the ' polychrome ware ' two reds 
can be distinguished, one more violet than the other, (y) Details are 
occasionally added, later, in lustreless white; especially dots along the 
bands of black. This mode of ornament is more appropriate to II. 2. 
(5) Bright orange is occasionally used with or instead of the red ; and 
forms t!ie link Between this class and the polychrome vases described 
below (C. M. 1 127, 1 1 72, 1 178). 

2. Coloured Slip Wares. The clay is like that of the white ware, 
but is often coarse and discoloured. The slip varies in colour from 
(n) dark red — which imitates the succeeding class, and may be either dull 
on large coarse vessels, or somewhat lustrous on smaller and choicer 
specimens — to (/3) black, which inherits from the earlier black slip ware 
(I. 2). The ornament of (o) is executed in black and white paint 
(hereinafter ' rbw.' CM. 1 187, &c.) ; of (^) in white mainly, but with a dull 
brown paint added, which is often lighter ''tlian the ground. Some of 
these vases seem to have suffered from careless firing. The latest 
specimens show Hellenic influence (C. M. 11 73 ff.). 

3. Red Ware. The clay and slip are identical with that of the un- 
painted red ware (I. 4) : the ornament is executed in black, (a) On 
a large and early (Vlll-Vrcent.) class of miniature vessels the paint is 
peculiarly lustreless in comparison with the fine lustrous slip, and the 
ornaments are very simple: cpncentric circles, swastikas, and rarely 
lozenges or triangles (CM. 997 ff^.). The oenochoae have 'vertical and 
horizontal' circles. The characteristic forms of this class are occasionally 
repeated in black ware, with white paint (C M. 1074, 1255, Brit. C 140-2). 
(/3) On the large vessels throughout, and on the sixth-fifth century 
successors of (a), the surface is nearly dull,' the slip tends to flake off, and 
the ornament to follow the normal types of the white ware. The latest 
specimens show Hellenic influence (C. M. 1083). 

4. Hellenizing Wares. All the native fabrics Hellenize more or less 
in the fourth century, in form and in ornament : but the following are 
never found without Hellenic ornamentation, or before the fourth century. 

A. The clay is reddish brown ; the slip black, with lustre sometimes 
metallic : the ornament is in lustreless dark brown or black, and in white. 
(C M. 1079.) " 

B, The clay is reddish ; the slip yellowish brown, with strong lustre : 
the ornament in («) lustreless black; {(i) reddish brown (which may be 
sometimes due to overfiring of a; (y) polychrome (vide below) (C. M. 
920, 920 a, 1 080-1 ; cf. KBH. clxxviii. 3). 

C The clay is cream-coloured (= white ware); the slip coarse and quite 
white ; the ornament (olive wreaths, &c.) is carelessly executed in thin 
• brown paint (C.M. 1082). 

D. Polychrome. The clay is reddish or white ware : the slip is 
a lustreless white fragile limewash, like that of the Attic white lekythi. 
On this, outlined in dull black, are fri^ezes of purely Hellenic ornament 
(palmette, lotos, olive-wreath, wave, scroll, meander, and lattice work) : 
executed in purple-red, vermilion, yellow, green, and blue. 

These vases are chiefly found at Marion (Poli), Kurion (Episkopi), and 
Amathus : they are almost all tall })itchers, with bulls' heads, or women 
carrying oenochoae, as spouts ; and they range from the fourth century 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 6l 

(the type itself is of the sixth century) until the Roman Age (p. 26) 
(C. M. 1221 ff.). 

ti .B.—^Qmiig^is occasionally found on white ware (Amathus) ; and bright 6/ue on bulls'- 
head pitchers of red ware ',Poli) ; both of sixth century. Cf. BrzL C 289. 

5. Hellenic Wares. lt_js_ not certain that any Hellenic fabrics were 
imitated in Cyprus (but cf. C. M. 953 a, 1083-4) ; at least not until the 
Ptolemaic Age, when there is a native fabric of common black-glazed 
Icarfthari, lamps, &c., and a fabric (cf. C. M, 2068) with leaves, &c., in 
black glaze on white ground. But Dipylon, Rhodian, Proto-Corinthian, 
and in great numbers Attic black- and red-figured vases were imported. 
Among the later black-figured are some which follow the shape of a 
Cypriote oenochoe, and the lustrous surface of Cypriote red ware ; and it 
is probable that these were manufactured expressly for Cyprus (C. M. 
1603; cf. KBH. frontispiece, 8a: Brit. Mus. [A/naihus) 94/11/1/161 
and 476). 

In the Ptolemaic and the Roman Age, all these native fabrics disappear, 
ejccept the domestic ware (I. i) and some of the Hellenizing and Hellenic 
wares (II. 4, 5). The red ware in particular was superseded by the 
imported Samian and pseudo-Samian ware ; and all other fine pottery, at 
least for burial purposes, by blown glass (2551 ff., imitated in clay, 2150 ff.). 

The type collection catalogued below (901-1499) is arranged according 
to the forms of the vessels, an analysis of which is adjoined. Each form 
is subdivided according to its schemes of ornament, and as much regard 
as possible is paid to chronological sequence. This is the section of the 
whole Museum which one would most gladly see remodelled : but the 
variety of characters to be considered and balanced against one another 
is so great that no one system can be consistently adopted. The potters 
at all events were guiltless of any desire to classify their wares. 

The Graeco-Phoenician ' Formentafel' in ' Tamassos und Idalion ' 
follows substantially the same arrangement, except that the deeper bowls 
and plates (A) are more closely associated with the wider forms of two- 
handled vases (D, E). 

SERIES OF FORI\IS OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 

A. Open Bowls, Plates, &c. 

901. a. Shallow two-handled plates, ornamented outside within the 

base-ring. 
904. b. Deeper two-handled bowls. 920— a. Late Hellenized examples. 
921. c. Shallow bowls with broad horizontal rim. 
928. d. IMiscellaneous bowls. 

942. e. Transitional forms between bowl and kylix. 
951. /. Cypriote kj'likes, with flat bottom and vertical sides. 
953. g. Kylikes, early, under Mykenaean influence. 
957. h. Bowl covers. 
963. /. Cup-and-saucer vessels. 
965. k. Tripods. 

B. Lentoid Flasks and Pilgrim Bottles, passing into barrel- 
shaped Jugs, 968-81 : 1093-98. 

C. Bottles and Jugs with narrow necks. 

A . The rim ts entire and smooth. 
982. a. One-handled jugs, with narrow neck and broad flat rim. 

b. One-handled jugs, with ' handle-ridge.' (a) Rim flat : white 
ware, {p) Funnel-shaped rim : red ware, (y) Varieties. 



62 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

1088. c. Spherical, with sliort neck. 
1014. d. Onc-liamiled jugs, \\\\.\\ Jhur-de-lys ornament. 
1021. ('. Unpainted ' bottle-jugs.' 

1026. / Tetinae with spout, (a) handle at one side. (^) handle across 
mouth. Cf. 1092. 

B. The nm is pinched into a spout. * Oenochoae! 

1033. a. ' Bucchero ' types : reeded : with black slip. 

1058. /'. ' Bucchero ' types : black or red clay. 

1040. r. Late Mykenaean types. 

1043. d. ' Cypriote oenochoe' types, (a) While ware, 1043. (^) Red 

ware, 1070. (y) Hellenized examples, 1080. 
1086. e. Wider neck : swollen body: characteristic bird-pattern. 

D. Two-handled Vases. Handles set vertically. Kraters. 

A. Extending from the shoulder to the neck below the rim. 

1101. a. Bucchero and black slip ware: reeded (I. 2). 

1103. b. White ware painted (II. i). 

B. Extending from the shoulder to the rim. 

1104. c. Black slip ware : reeded (I. 2). 

N.B. — White ware (except those indicated) (II. i). 

1107. d. Mykenaean influence predominant : narrow stem and wide foot. 
1110. e. IMykenaean influence evanescent : no foot. 

1114. f Rim very narrow : handles turned outwards in serpents' heads 

above. 

1115. g. Very large body, short wide neck, with geometrical ornament. 
1123. h. Miniature, concentric circles (red ware, I. 3). 

1127. i- White ware with black, red, and yellow paint. 

E. Handles set horizontally. Amphorae. 

A. Handles single. 

1128. a. IMykenaean influence predominant. 

1134. b. Geometrical : Mykenaean influence evanescent. 
c. Geometrical developing into naturalistic style. 
a. Spherical or oval body : tall neck. 
1162. I. Concentric circles. 

1164. 2. Tree pattern. 

1171. 3. Lattice pattern. 

1181. b. Spherical body : wide low neck. 
1177. c. Diminutive: handles project horizontally. 

B. Handles double : neck low or absent : an early type. Dipylo?i 

iftfluence, 1182. 

C. Vessels of horizontal handled types, but with handles vertical, 1187. 

F. Hydriae. Handles both vertical and horizontal, 1133. 

G. Fantastic Vases, 1195. 

H. Vases with modelled spouts. 

a. Cow's head, 1201. b. Woman and pitcher, 1251. 

I. Lamps, 1301. 



SERIES OF PRINCIPAL TYPES OF 
GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 

FROM THE END OF MYKENAEAN AGE TO THE PTOLEMAIC 

CONQUEST OF CYPRUS. 

A. OPEN BOWLS AND PLATES. 

a. Shallow two-handled Plates with ornament within the base- 
ring outside. Cf. Sandwith (Archaeologia, xlv), PI. xi. 3 (Brit. Mus.). 

(a) Whiie ware. Cf. Brit. C 100, 102, 113-7; Lou. A 107-8, 1 10-12, 

154- ' 
801*. Reeded outside : black slip outside : concentric bands of red and 

black within base-ring. D. 0-19. Cf. Brii. C 99 (from A?}i. 14). 
901 a. Not reeded : ornament of four latticed triangles, derived from 

Mykenaean motive, forming ground of a white cross. D. 0-105. 
901 b*. Black and red paint ; across the bottom a chain of latticed lozenges 

between parallel lines : the flanking segments filled with latticed 

triangles and bands filled with zigzags. D. 0-105. Amathiis. 
901c. Decoration like 901 a. D. 0-26. Cf Ashn. 521. 

902. Roughly scored outside in imitation of reeding : Maltese cross 
of black within fine bands. [718.] D. 0-21. 

802a. Not reeded: Maltese cross like 902, but five lattice triangles 
round it. D. 0-255. 
(iS) Red ware. 

903. Black paint. Maltese cross and lattice triangles within base-ring. 
[719.] D. 0-23. 

b. Deeper two-handled Plates and Bowls. 

(a) White . ivare. 

904. Broad red and narrow black bands. [706.] D. 0-195. Cf. Brit. 
C 104. 

905-905 a. Similar. D. o-i45-o-io. 905 a. Atnathus, 2"]^. 

906. Deeper : rudimentary projections instead of handles ; one of them 
perforated. [774-] D. 0-125. 

907. Black paint only. [703.] D. 0-163. 

908. Black and red bands. D. 0-135. A. P. di Cestw/a, iS'jS. 

909. The paint of the handles is continued down the bowl. [782.] 
D. 0-23. 

910*. Funnel-shaped: very small base: 'wavy band' of black, a late 
Mykenaean motive, among the ordinary red and black bands. Broken 
and riveted anciently : the rivet-holes remain : cf. 1137. D. 0-31. 



64 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

910 a. Unpaintcd. Similarly broken and riveted. 

811-912a. Like 910, black paint only. [782.] D. 0-4. 912. [493.] 
D. 0-15. 912 a. Lattice triangles. D. o-o8. 

(/3) JRed^ware. Cf. Brit. C 300-6. 

914. Shallow ^orm: black lines only. D. 0185. A mathus, 2^1. 

913. Deep form, small base like 910, distinct rim : black bands and 

groups of concentric circles. 1). 0-13. 
815. Black lines, witli white spots. Cf. 925, 1135, 1166, &c. D. 0-17. 

Ainaihiis, 238. 

916. Cf. 913, lines only. D. 0-33. A?nafhus, 20. 

917. Unusual size : double handles : black and white bands. D. 0-385. 
Poli\ 106, IL 

918*. Vertical handles under rim .• small base. [455-] 0.0-31. 
919*. No handles : deep base-ring : brownish clay : black and white 
bands: white wavy band. 0.0-315. Poll. 

N. B. — These large bowls almost disappear in fifth-fourth centuries, 
(y) Late Hellenized examples. Cf. Brit. C 372. 

920. Flat plate: hoiizontal rim: handles turned out at the ends: 
yellowish-brown polished slip ; bands of rays and staff ornament in 
lustreless black paint. Local fabric. Cf. 1080-1085 and KBH. 
clxxviii. 3. D. 0-143. Poli. 

920 a*. Similar : more elaborate : rings in centre : then (outwards) staff 

ornament, rays, olive-wreath, and chequers. D. 0-43. Poli. 
N. B. The ' red-figiired' technique of the olive- wreath proves the late date of this class. 

c. Shallow iBowls with broad horizontal rim. 

(a) White ware. Cf. Lou. K 144; ^S7. G. 21562: Ashm. 425. 

921. Black (brown) bands, and binding pattern on rim. D. 0-205. 
Amathus, 280. 

922*. Similar : rim more elaborate: in centre, white spots on black band. 
Cf. 915 and other specimens in same Tomb Group (p. 176). D. 0-1 7 8, 
Amathus, 280. 

0) Red ware. Cf. Brit. C 381-2. 

923. Similar: one handle below rim : black and white lines. D. 0-173. 
Kuklia, 12. 

924. Rim slanting outwards: black and white lines. D. 0-192. 
924a. Miniature: black lines only. D. 0-076. Amathus, 2^1. 

925. Like 924 : white dots on black lines. D. 0-21. Amathus, 279. 

926. Deep: similar rim. D. 0-175. Amathus, 9. 

926 a. Cover from same tomb, probably belonging to 926. Cf. Covers 
957-961. 

826b. Like 926; slenderer and higher : small vertical handles. [970.] 

D. 0-175. 
827. Like 926 ; similar cover (927 a) : white ware, black and red lines. 

[715.] D. 0-22. Cf. Brit. C 382. 

927 a. Cover like 926 a. 

d. Various Bowls : white ware, except those specified. 

928. Flat plate with rim : black and red lines. D. 0-26. Lamassos. 
928a. Similar: coarse clay, unpainted. Poli, C. E .F. F. 26. 

929. Plain, with very small foot : coarse clay : very common everywhere 
in sixth-fourth century tombs. D. 0-122. Cf. Lou. A 223. 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 65 

930. Deep bowl with one small horizontal handle. Red ware. D. 0-13. 

Amathiis, 20. 
031. Hemispherical, without handle : small base-ring. Black ware. [497.] 

D. 0-095. 

932. Similar. Red ware. [712.] D. 0-13. Ci. Ash??i. ^21. 

933. Like 929. Red ware. [713.] 0.0-135. 

934. Small base-ring : overfired : broad red rim. D. 0-112. Kuklia,2i. 

935. Like 929. Miniature : broad red rim. D. 0-058. 

936. Small deep bowl with slight lip : red and black lines. H. o-o6. 
Amathiis, 221. 

937*. Deep bowl with incurved rim : careless gores of black paint from 

rim downwards. [706.] H. 0-05. 
937 a. Similar : horizontal lines. H. 0-058. 

937b. Similar: plain. H. 0-055. Cf. Zw/. A 2 1 7-8 : Ashm. ^2-^. 
938. Like 936: two small handles. H.0-06. CLBrit.C^S'^: Amathus, 251. 
939*. Globular, with base-ring and low cylindrical neck : two rudimentary 

perforated handles. Red ware: black and white lines and white 

zigzag on shoulder. H. 0-19. P(?//, 35, IIL 

940. Small bowl with prominent foot. H. 0-04, D. 0-065. 
940 a. Similar. D. 0-117. 

941. Distinct rim: no handle. Red ware: black lines: rim white with 
black zigzag over it. H. o-o8, D. 0-146. Ktiklia, 12. 

e. Series of Intermediates, between Bowl and Kylix, : White ware. 

942. Bowl with foot and two horizontal pointed handles. D. 0-131. 
Kukh'a, E. 14. 

943. Hemispherical cup : one vertical handle : black bands. D. 0-125. 
Kuklia, 12. 

944. Hemispherical cup : one vertical handle. D. 0-13. Poli, 256, IL 
944a. Hemispherical cup: one vertical handle ; double black Hne 

obliquely upwards from below the handle. D. 0-125. PoU, 155, IL 
945-946. Nearly upright sides : two vertical handles. D. o-io-o-ii. 

947. Similar bowl set on a low foot. D. 0-115, H. 0-073. Cf. Ashm. 

V. 45 = 433- 
947a. Similar: chequer of latticed lozenges. [152.] A.P.di Cesnola. 
Ormidhia? [0-R.]. 

948. Deeper bowl : painted panel. D. 0-147, H. 0-102. Cf. Lou. A 157. 

949. Similar. D. 0-205, H. 0-135. 

950. Foot higher : swastika and ^ in panel. D. 0-165, H. 0-104. 
950 a. Foot higher : red clay, black paint : elaborate geometrical panels. 

Tamassos^ ii. 
950 b. Bowl somewhat convex : groups of black zigzags and red vertical 

bands : interior painted red, a black eight-pointed star in the centre. 

D. 0-122, H. 0-09. Tamassos, ii. 41. 
/. Fully-formed Cypriote Kylix, with flat bottom and vertical 

sides. Cf. Brit. C 164-6: Lou. A 101-3. 

951. Broad red rim : black geometrical panel. H. 0-12. 

952. Similar : smaller : swastika in panels. 

952a*. Similar: elaborate ornament of swastikas, Maltese crosses, &c. 
H. 0-085. Cf. Ashm. 434 : KBH. clxxiii. 19 e. Tamassos, ii. 31. 

953. Similar: bottom convex. H. 0-095. Cf. Ashm. V. 47=435. 
953 a*. Approaching Greek type of kylix, and perhaps influenced by ii : 

expanding rim distinct from body : ornament of concentric circles 
and semicircles. H. 0-85. Amathus, 19. 

F 



66 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



^■ 



Early Kylikes under Mykenaean influence ; WMe wa re. 
953 b. Conical bowl and short stem : two vertical handles at rim : black 

bands, and double wavy line close to rim. H. 0-175. [782.] Cf. 

Loii. A 99: As/nn. V. 43 = 431. 
954*. Small deep bowl slightly contracted below rim : two horizontally 

set handles rising level with the rim : tall foot w^th swelling halfway 

up: three black wavy lines round the bowl. H. o-io5. Kuklia, 12. 

955. Bowl with two small horizontal handles set very low dow^n : red and 
black outside: red inside, except centre. H. 0-043. Amathus, 251. 

956. Pot with straight sides sloping inwards : flat rim: two small string-holes 
halfway down the side : reddish ware, peculiar glossy red slip. H. 0-065. 

h. Bowl Covers (like 927 a). 
957*. Thin red lines on black bands. D. o-i6. Amathus, 251. 

958. Broad red bands edged with black. D. 0-16. Amathus, 238. 

959. Black and red bands. D. 0-165. Cf. Ashm. 527. Amathus, 260. 

960. Red ivare : black bands. D. 0-19. Amathus, 238. 

961. White ware : h\2ick h?in(\s. D. 0-185. Amathus, 2'>^%. 

962*. Deep dish-cover with handle at top: unpainted. D. 0-135, H.o-io. 
Amathus, 251. Cf. a pair from Larnaka(C.E.F. 1894, 56) ^j-^»z. 429 a, b. 

1. Cup-and-saucer Vessels : probably Torch-holders. 

963*. Funnel-shaped vessel with saucer made in one piece : same clay as 
962, and probably from the same suite: unpainted. D. 0-15. 
Poli, C.E. F. 25. 
964. Like 963. [844.] D. 0-15. 

Cf.a pair of similar vessels in the tomb above mentioned (on 962); of local 
clay, with red band on rims; Ashm. 436-7, cf. J.H.S. xvii. fig. 12; cf. sp. of 
Dipylon style (Athens) Brit. Mus. ; sp. from Tell-el-Hesy (with slight 
spout on rim of saucer), published by Bliss, A Mound of Many Cities 
(Palestine Expl. Fund, 1894), p. 87, fig. 1 74 : found with saucer-lamps, and 
attributed to temp, eighteenth dynasty. Also from IMoeringen (zE). , — , 
Munro, Lake-dwellings, p. 29, fig. 6, 15. ■'^— ^ 

k. Tripods. 

9e5*-966. Clumsy miniature : rough black geometrical ornament : found 
in an early Graeco-Phoenician tomb with fibulae and agalmatolite 
beads. [0-R.] H. 0-07-0-95. 
Cf the fine example KBH. clvi. 4. 
967*. Flat bowl with two small handles : found with tripod, 965 : similar 
ornament, with lattice triangles. D. o-ii. Q,{. Ashm. i^id: Tamassos 
(Cambridge, Fitzw. Mus.); Kurion, 1895 (Brit. Mus. 96/2/1. 89-90). 
N. B. — 965-9(^7 are obviously clay miniatures of bronze prototypes. 

B. LENTOID FLASKS, passing into BARREL-SHAPED JUGS. 

968*-970. Flat discoidal flasks : short neck with two handles on the 

shoulder. 969. [495.] H. 0-21. Kurion, 1883. 970. [750.] 

H. o-io. Same clay and technique. 
971. More convex, with longer neck. [760.] H. 0-23. Kurion, 1883. 
972-973*. Longer neck : each side of body ornamented with red and 

black concentric circles : white ware. H. o-i25-o-ii5. Kuklia, 12. 

Cf 1095-1096, p. 67, and sub-Myk. sp. {Kuklia) Cambr.; cf Lou. 

A 133; Ashm. 445. 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 67 

974. Nearly spherical : red and black circles. [758.] H. 0-14. CL Lou. 
A 133 : Ashm. 444. 

075-976. Only one handle: star of lines in centre of circles. H. 0-105- 
0-155. Kuklia, 12. Cf. Loti. A 130; Bn't. C 122. 

077. Spherical : neck expanded above handle : concentric circles on 
back, front, each side, and bottom : nipple in centre of each side- 
group of circles. [496.] H. 0-12. Cf. BriL C 185-7; •^^''- ^ ^3^ 
(flat base); Ashm. 446. 

078*. Similar : spiral line within broad margin instead of concentric 
circles. [496.] H. 0-145. 

079. Elongated laterally : larger : Maltese cross over nipples: chain of lattice 
lozenges in front of neck. H. 0-25. Cf. Ashm. 442. Amathus., 148. 

980*. Barrel-shaped body, with prominent side-nipples : funnel-shaped 
neck : one handle : red ware : black concentric circles, &c. H. 0-09. 
Aviathiis, 207. 

981. Similar : red ware. H. 0-12. Cf. Brit. C 312 : Lou. A 169 : Ashvi. 
531-2. Pali, C.E. F. 18. 

1093. Similar: white ware : black concentric circles : neck red. H. 0-185. 
Tamassos, II. 29. Cf. Sandwith, I.e., x. 5. Cf. Cambr. Fitzw. Mus. 
No. 12, found with a Myk. bowl at Syra : Brii. C 189 : Lou. A 12 1-2, 
151 : Ashm. 443-4. 

1094. Similar : white ware. H. 0-07. Poli, 155, II. Cf. Brit. C 188-90. 

1095. Flattened like 972-973: paint like 1093-1094. H. 0-105. 
Tamassos, II. 29. 

1096. Flattened: no nipples. H. 0-14. Amathus, 187. 

1097*. Flattened body: circle-ornament round short axis as above, but 
neck inserted in middle of one side : the other side (now bottom') 
ornamented with Maltese cross: no handle. H. 0-075. 

1098. Same type, with one handle : lattice triangles round neck : 
Maltese cross on bottom. H. 0-08. Cf. Kurion, 1895 (Brit. INIus. 
96/2/1. 88.): Ashm. 447. 

C. BOTTLES AND JUGS WITH NARROW NECKS. 
A. The lip is entire and smooth. ~ 

a. One-handled Jugs, with narrow neck and broad flat rim. 

982. Globular body and long neck : coarse fabric and light red clay. 
H. 0-17. Cf. Brit. C 92 (red slip): Ashm. 457-9. Amathus, 4. 

983. Pear-shaped body: similar fabric. H.0-15. Qi.Lou.h.2'^2. Kuklia, 20. 
984*. Body tapering upwards ; white ware : red rim ; many thin black 

bands. H. 0-09. Amathus, 251. 

985. Miniature; coarse black clay. H. 0-07. Amathus, 2^1. 

986. Like 984 ; coarse reddish ware. H. o-io. Cf. Lou. A 233. Ldalion, 54. 

b. Spherical Jugs, similar, with projecting ridge round the 
neck at insertion of handle = ' Handle-ridge Jugs.' 

(a) White ware : rim flat. Cf. .4 j,^7«. 448-463. 

987. Concentric circles in black: red rim. [728.] H. 0-09. Cf. Zcz^. A139. 

988. Concentric circles in black and bands below. [491.] H. 0-085. •^<'''' 
A 140. 

089*. Vertical and horizontal circles : black triangles on rim. H. 0-085. 

Tamassos, II. 36. For the lip ornament cf. sp. {Tamassos) in Cambr. 

Fitzw. Mus. Cf. S/.G. 13962. 
090. Concentric tangent-circles on shoulder; same rim ornament. Cf. 

KBH. ccxvi. 8. H. 0-115. Tamassos, II. 18. 

F 2 



68 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

991. Vertical and horizontal circles in red: red rim: black only on neck 
and handle. H. o-ii2. Atnathtis, 2']?>. 

992. Concentiic circles in black ; red rim. II. 0115. Kuklia, 21. 

993. Similar : fewer circles. N. B. 991-993. Very fine clay, reddish 
through over-firing. Cf. {Amalhiis) Brit. C 192-6; Asfim. 448-9. 

994*. Elaborate loios flower on shoulder : black outlines filled with red : 
red rim. H. o-io. Tamassos, II. 41. 

995. Black and red bands : rim ornament like 990. Transition to 1004 ff. 
PI. on. 

996. Vertical circles : red outlined with black, cf. 959 : and small red 
concentric circles. H. 0-125. Cf. Sandwith, I.e., xii. 4. 

(j3) Fed ware uith dull black paint : typical funnel-shaped rim. Cf. 
Brit. C 310 ff.: Ashm. 533-42. 
997-999. Lines and concentric circles. H. o-o8-o-09. Cf. Lou. A 1 74-5. 

1000. Lines and concentric circles. H. o-ii. Kuklia, x^. 

1001. Plain shoulder. H. 0-09. Cf. St. G. 18027. 

1002*. Swastikas on shoulder. H. 0-12. Cf. ^V. G. 19961 : Brit. C 319 : 
Ashm-z^l. 

1003. Vertical circles, front and sides : and broad horizontal band on 
shoulder, crossed by white vertical circles. H. 0-12. Poll, 45, II. 

N. B. — Marks beginning of red style with white details (II. 2 a, p. 60). 
(7) Varieties : mostly white ware. 

1004. Horizontal bands, black and red : radial lines of dashes on shoulder. 
H.o-ii. a. Lou. A 141, 161 (red ware): St. G. 18026: Amathus, i. 

1005*. No lip; strong handle-ridge ; neck and body well distinguished: 

concentric circles. H. 0-95. Tamassos, II. 40. 
1006*. Depressed body: concentric circles: lip ornament like 990. 

H. 0-075. Cf. Brit. C 182 : Tamassos, II. 41. 

1007. Depressed body : similar: red ware. H. o-o8. Amathus, 279. 

1008. Flat bottom: dull black clay: cf. sp. Fitzw. Mus. {Ta?nassos). 
H. 0-09. Poll, 18, II. 

1009-1011. Pear-shaped, cf. 986 : two handles : concentric circles : red 
ivare. H. 0-095-0-12-0-13. Cf. Ashm. 433-4. 

1012. Egg-shaped : rim slight, handle ridge abortive : transition to later 
forms 1088-1091. H. 0-13. Amathus, 279. 

1013. Pear-shaped : very late form : horizontal bands of brown paint. 
H. 0-455. 

c. Spherical body; short cylindrical neck with hardly any 
rim : handle ridge high on neck : reddish clay with thin 
reddish slip. Cf. Ashm. 457-60. 

1088. Vertical circles in black. H. 0-242. 

1089. Horizontal bands. H. 0-09. A??iathus, 251. 

1090. Bands on neck only. H. 0-157. Tafnassos, II. 34. Cf. T-G. 
Larnaka, 1894, 31-7. 

1091*. Broad rim like 983 : fine white slip like 922 ; zigzag line down 
handle ; brown binding pattern on rim : otherwise plain. H. 0-14. 
Amathus, 166. 

d. Globular body: short neck with thick flat rim and one handle 
rising above it : two horizontal bands round greatest girth, and 
an ornament like a fleur-de-lys on the shoulder in front. Cf. orna- 
ment 1048-1053. Brit. C 224-5. Fifth-fourth century: very 
common at Amathus : dated by Tomb Group, Amathus, 214, p. 176. 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 69 

1014*.0rnamentup\vards,three-leaved. H.o-ig. CL As/im. 464. AfuaLus gS. 

1015. Ornament absent. H. 0-185. Amathiis, 98. 

1016. Ornament downwards, five-leaved : black slip, white paint. H.o- 173. 

1017. Smaller variety; hindle does not rise above rim : white ware, over- 
fired : black bands and concentric circles. H. 0-07. Amathus, 20. 

1017 a. Smaller variety ; black clay. H. 0-084. 

1018. Smaller variety ; brown clay, over-fired : smaller lip. H, 0-075. 

1018 a. Smaller variety ; black clay. [358.] H. 0-055. 

1019. Depressed like 1006; reddish ware. H. o-o8. Poli, 124, II. 

1020. Depressed: black slip. H. 0-85. Poli, 14, III. 

e. "Wide neck and tall narrow body : unpainted. Fifth-third 
centuries. 'Bottle-Jugs' (Munro, J. H. S. xii. 34, cf. Jahrb. ii. 88). 

1021. Related in form toi02o: white ware, over-fired. H. 0-075. /"c//, 94,!. 

1022. Neck slightly contracted ; no handle ; fourth-third century local 
form. H. 0-08. Cf. Lou. A 229-30 : Larnaka, 1894, 54. 

1023. Swollen body : long handle : reddish ware ; fourth-third century. 
H. 0-095. Iddlion, 78. 

1023a. Less swollen. H. 0-125. Fourth century. CL Lou. h.22^. Foh', 8^,11. 

1024. Pointed below. H. 0-12. Fourth century: found with Attic vases 
and Cypriote inscription. Poli, 30, III. Cf. Ashm. 468-9. 

1025. Imitation of native type in Hellenic black-glazed ware. H. o-io. 
Poli, 168, II. Cf. sp. from Poli, CEF. 53 (J. H. S. xii. 314). 

f. Jugs with tubular spout. White ware. 

(a) Handle at one side, from rim to shoulder. Cf. Bril. C 1 79-1 81, 199. 

1026. Shape like 1022 : long pendant three-leaved ornaments, care- 
lessly in black and red. 

1026a. Similar: coarse clay. [827.] H. 0-115. 

1027*. Shape like 1014, but no rim : spout red : on each side a black eye 

and a red star. H. 0-14. Amathus. Cf. spp. in Tomb Groups, Am. 

80, 97,118, 1 51 (p. 175 ff.): ^;7/.C2 2 7-3o:Z(?z/.Ai48-5o: Ashm.4b'j. 
1027 a. Eyes, and a lotos pattern like 1014. H. 0-128. Amathus, 186. 

1027 b. Handle lower: concentric circles. Red ware. H. 0-115. 
1028. Spout at one side: concentric circles: rays round neck. H. o-i8. 

Cf. Lou. A 126. Ldalion, 5. 

1028 a*. Spout at one side : elaborate chequered triangles, swasukas, &c.: 
rings inside funnel-shaped mouth. H. 0-184. Cf. Lou. A 97 : 
Ashm. 419. Larnaka, 53. 

1028 b. The spout emerges close to the base, and projects downwards. 
Kuklia, 12. Cf. Amathus, T-G. 251. 

19^2'. Jugof form like 1251 ff. : a broad trough-spout projects on the left - ' ^^ 
side : the side of the vase is perforated like a strainer : coarse white . „ 
clay : horizontal bands. H. 0-253. Cf. a fragmentary sp., Amathus 
187 (Brit. Mus., C 198), and a sub-Myk. sp. Kurion (1895, id.). 
(0) Handle across the mouth : imitatiftg Mykenaean type. Cf. Brit. C 1 06 : 

Lou. A 125, 127 : Aslun. 418. 

1029*. On foot; wavy line^ on broadest part. H. 0-1 4. Kuklia, 12. 

1029 a. More swollen, cf. 1032 : black and red bands. H. 0-13. 

1030. Spout nearly horizontal : expanded rim : black and red bands. 
H. 0-19. 

1031. Spout nearly vertical: black and red rays, like 1028. H. 0-15. 
ldalion, 19. 

1032. Shape like 1029, wider lip. Cf. Ashm. 530 (red ware). Amathus, 279. 



70 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

B. The lip is pinched into a spout: Oenochoae. 

(/. Coarse Bucchero ware (I. 2) : small high foot: body fluted 
or reeded. Only in earliest Graeco-Phoenician tombs. (Ninth- 
seventh century.) 

(a) Hand-made. Transition period from Bronze to Iron Age. Cf. 
Krater, C. M. 1101-2 : Brit. C 85. 

1033. No lip : wide gores. H. 0-105. KBH. clxxii. 17 g. Katydata- 
Linti, 1883. Cf. sp. from Kurion, Brit. ]Mus. 1895. 
(/3) Wheel-made : lip and fluting hand-made. Cf. Sandwith, I.e. xii. 3 
(Brit. Mus.), KBH. clxxiii. 19 b: Brit. C 87-9: Ashm. 401. 

1034*. Irregular fluting. H. 0-13. Katydata-Linu, 1883. 

1035. Narrower and taller. H. 0-175. Kurion, 1884. 

1036. Larger and better made. H. 0-17. AW/a;/, 1884. 

1037. Larger and better made. H. 0-17. Amathtis, 4. 

h. Small globular body and tall neck : plain polished wares. 

1038. Miniature: black clay. H. o-io. Amathiis, 2-^2. Qi. Liverpool, 

1039*. Very long neck : red clay. H. 0-24. Amathus, 4. 

N. B. — A similar neck from Atnatlms, 286, and two whole vases (C 90, 91, cf. 92) 

are in the British Museum. 

c. Cypriote imitations of late Mykenaean oenochoae. 

1040. \\'avy lines on neck: rays on shoulder. Cf. 1102. H. o-i86. 
Kuklia, 12. Cf. ^j^w. 471. 

1041. Band of hatched triangles on neck : latticed triangles on shoulder : 
down the handle a straight roll of clay with black spots. H. 0-195. 
Ktiklia, 12. 

1042*. Wavy lines on neck : triangle ornament like 1041 : similar 
appendage to handle, but serpentine. H. 0-205. Cf. Brit. C 112 : 
Lou. D 58. Kuklia, 12. 

d. Cypriote oenochoae : body nearly spherical : neck at first 
short and broad ; becoming narrower, longer, and tapering in 
the later examples. Cf. Brit. C 200 ff : Ashm. 473 ff. 

(a) White ivare. 
1043. Groups of horizontal lines, derived from characteristic INIykenaean 

bands. [478.] H. 0-29. 
1044-1045. Broader lip, plain. [1045 = 2739.] H. 0-25. 

1046. Narrow neck : horizontal bands and three-leaved downward 
ornament. H. 0-152. Amathus, 285. 

1047. Pear-shaped body, funnel-shaped neck. H. 0-115. Late fourth- 
third century. 

1048. Three-leaved ornaments from the neck downwards. 

1049. Concentric circles. H. 0-155. Cf. Ashm. 477-9. 
1050-1051. Short cylindrical neck. H. 0-255-0-15. 

1052. Longer neck : two sets of vertical circles, with tree-ornament in 
front. H. 0-175. 

1053. Longer neck : three-leaved downward ornament alternating with 
concentric circles. Cf. 1026, 1048. Brit. C 213. H. 0-25. 

1054. Longer neck : horizontal lines: wavy line on neck. II. 0-255. 

1055. Longer neck: red and black bands: concentric circles on 
shoulder. H. 0-26. 

1056. Longer neck : groups of dots and crosses on shoulder. H. 0-26. 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 7I 

1057. Like 1050: broad vertical circles; line of concentric circles in 
front. H. 0-2I, CL Ashm. ^Sg {siho Amafhus). Amafhiis, 16^. 

1057a. Like 1050: vertical circles; no ornament in front. H. o-i8. 
Amathiis, 93. Cf. Ashm. 490 (also Amalhiis). 

1058. Like 1050: very fine spiral line in place of circles. Q.'i. Ashn. 
491 {^Amathus). 

1059-1060. Vertical and horizontal circles : concentric circles in intervals: 

a tree-ornament superimposed on concentric circles in front. H. 0-19. 
1059a. Vertical and horizontal circles: in front a flower between two arrows 

(buds) : bands red and black. H. 0.175. Cf. Brit. C 210: Ashm. 

487. Amathns. 
1059 b. Vertical and horizontal circles : red and black twigs in front. 

H. 0-215. Amafhi/s, 28. 

1059 c. Vertical and horizontal circles : pendant three-leaved ornament 
in front : eyes on lip. H. o-io. 

1060 a. Vertical and horizontal circles : neck-band black with white 
dots: very large. 11.0-364. 

1060 b. Vertical and horizontal circles : smooth surface : over-fired. 
H. 0-141. 

1061. Long neck : wavy lines and horizontal bands, black and red. 
H. 0-24. 

1062. Elongated body : horizontal bands ; concentric circles on shoulder. 
H. 0.24. Cf. Lou. A 124. Shape, cf. Ashm. 476. Amathus, 106. 

1063. Egg-shaped: wide neck with wavy lines. H. 0-193. 

1064. Egg-shaped: on small foot: red and black bands. H. 0-207. 

1065. Egg-shaped: no foot: red and black bands. H. o-ii. 
1065 a. Egg-shaped, H. 0-118. Amathus, 2^8. 

1066. Egg-shaped. H. 0-162. 

1067. Plain coarse specimen. H. o-o86. Ida/ion, 43. 

1068. Plain jug with very slight lip ; horizontal ribbing impressed while 
still on the wheel. [800.] H. 0-173. Commoyi in fourth-ceyttury 
tombs at A?}iathus. Cf. Brit. C 226 {Amathus). 

1069. Plain coarse jug : horizontal lines. H. 0-105. Ajnathus, 20^. 
(/3) Red ware (IL 3) and dark slip ware (IL 2). Cf. Sandwith, I.e., xi. 2. 

1070. Oval, narrowing upwards : horizontal bands : concentric circles. 
[695.] H. 0-335. Cf. Lou. A 170: Ashm. 555. Kurion, 1883. 

1071. Tall and narrow: lip like 1049. H. 0-153. Tatnassos, II. 32, 

1072. Tall: concentric circles. H. o-io. Poli, Q..Y..Y . 

1073. Conical, with globular expansion below base of handle. H. 0-143. 
Cf. Brit. C 320. Amathus, 278. 

1074. Like 1072: glossy black clay: red ware technique. H. 0-072. 
Cf. sp. in Cambr., Fitzw. Mus. Amathus, 25. 

1075. Like 1043. H. 0-175. 

1076. Like 1046. H. 0237. 

1077. Long taper neck: distinct base: horizontal bands: curved line like a 
whiplash from each side of base of handle. H. 0-232. Cf. Brit. C 352. 

1078. .Like 1051, but with high base : vertical circles in black and white. 
H. 0-20. Cf. Brit. C 351 : Ashm. 557. 

(y) Late forms showing Hellenic influence : all from Pali. 
I. Dark red slip : ornavient in ivhite. =11. 4. A (p. 60). 

1079. Tall graceful form on high foot : wavy lines on neck : vertical and 
horizontal circles : two rosettes in front. H. 0-213. Cf. Ashm. 558. 



72 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

2. Fellow zvare with glossy surface: brown paint. Shape like 1078. 
= 11. 4. B. Cf. Ashm. 559. 

1080*. Veriical and horizontal circles: lotos ornament in front : cf. 1603. 
H.0.I5. Poli, 146, II. 

1081. Vertical circles with rays between : in front a lotos rising from a 
horizontal meander: on neck, rays and staff-ornament. H. 0-192. 
Cf. Lou. A 164-5. J^oli, 146, II. 

3. Coarse white ware: egg-shaped body and slender neck.znW. 4. C. 

p. 60. 

1082. Aliernate bands of black and red : olive-wreath on shoulder. 
II. 01 55. 

4. Fine reddish imitation 0/ Attic ware: trefoil-shaped lip and high 

handle. II. 5 (p. 61). 

1083. Reeding imitated in inferior brown-black glaze. H. 0-117. 

1084. Smeared with inferior black glaze. H. 0-127. Poli, C. E. F. 8. 

5. Imported Attic ware: red clay and Hack glaze. II. 5 (p. 61). 

1085. Oenochoe : miniature with rough staff-ornament on shoulder. 
H. 0-064. Poli, C. E. F. 2. 

1603. [q-v.] Oenochoe, like 1080: Cypriote shape but Attic black-figured 
make, specially for export to Cyprus. Poli, 239, II. Cf. black- 
figured Lekythos with oenochoe-lip, Amathus, 129. [Brit. Mus. 
94/11/1/476.] 

e. ' Bird-jug ' oenochoe : swollen body, wider lip, painted with 

eyes : fine cream-coloured clay, slightly glossy : characteristic 

geometrical ornament of birds and trees. 

N. B. — To this class belong the large and elaborately painted vas.s, KBH. xi.x. 
1-4, cii. 6 clviii. i a; Sandvvith (Archaeologia, xlv\ x. 7. Brit. C 126-132 : Lou. 
A 1 14-5 : As Jim. V. 29, 30. s^ 

1086*. On each side a bird in dark brown paint: in front two trees w 
H. 0-12. Cf. Ashm. 500. Y 

1087. Smaller : coarser clay : on sides three circles with central dot. 
H. 0-07. 
[1088-1091, V. between 1013-1014. 1092, between 1028-1029. 

1093-1098, between 981-982.] 

D. TWO-HANDLED VASES, KRATERS, AND AMPHORAE,^ 
WITH HANDLES SET VERTICALLY FROM THE^ 
SHOULDER TO THE NECK. 

A. Extending from the shoulder to the neck below the rim. 
a. Black slip ware, reeded. (I. 2.) Cf. Oenochoae 1033-1035. 
1101*'. (1101.) Foot heavy: obliquely and carelessly fluted : knobs on 
handles: black clay (' Cypriote Bucchero'). H. 0-34. Poli, 18. II. 

1102. (1036.) Foot slender : no knobs on handles. H. 0-162. Katy- 
data-Litm, 1883. Cf. Ashm. 402 l^A77iathus). 

h. White ware: with black paint : not reeded. (II. i.) 

1103. (1102.) Foot slender: two knobs on handles: wavy lines, and 
rays like 1040. INIykenaean influence. H. 036. 

' It was found desirable, for greater clearness, to revise part of this section of the 
catalogue after the labels were put upon the vases. The numbers in thin type 
(bracketed) are those on the labels : those in thick type should be substituted. 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 73 

B. Extending from the shoulder to the rim, and distinctly- 
angular. Kraters. 

c. With reeding (I. 2). (a) Black slip '. 

1104. (1037.) Entirely black : rough work. H. 0-155. Aniaihus, i^. 

1105. (1119.) Entirely black : no reeding. Amalhus, \. 

1106*. Body only black : neck with geometrical ornament in black on 
ground of white ware. Cf. the reeded and painted plates, 901-902. 
H. 0-272. Kurion, 1883. 

{&) White ware : Hack paint : red also on 11 13. 

d. Narrow stem and distinct foot. Mykenaean influence. 

1107. (1167-15.) Broad and fine bands: wavy line on neck. H. 0-194. 

Kurion, 1884. 
1108*. (1110.) Body wide and depressed: chequered triangles, swastikas, 

&c. [484.] H. 0-248. Cf. Brit. C 167. Kurion. 

1109. (1167 a.) Body and foot slender : unpainted. H. o-ii. 

e. No foot : Mykenaean influence evanescent. 

1110. (1166-22.) Ornament of lines on shoulder Z Ei . : cf. 1158. 
H. 0-152. ~ ~ 

1111. (1162.) Horizontal bands and wavy lines. H.o-ii. TamassoSyW.^^. 

1112. (1164-20.) Vertical stripes of paint from rim to base. H. 0-095. 
Tamassos, IV. 3. 

1113. (1161-16.) Red paint introduced: concentric circles on shoulder 
and neck. H. 0-124. Kuklia, 12. 

/. The rim is very narrow; the handles drawn in below it, 
and produced into serpents' heads. 

1114*. (1113.) Body pear-shaped : concentric circles. H. 0-235. ^^' 
klia, 21. Cf. Lou. A 253 (fabric I. 2). 

g. Very large body; short wide neck, with geometrical 
ornament. Cf. Lou. A 155 (fabric II. 2 a). 
1115*. (1107.) A^eck slightly /utmel'Shaped,QXi<\ hzudles, cnxvQd: vertical 

groups of lattice bands : between them lattice lozenges, crosses, &c. 

H. 0-498. 
1116*. (1108.) Neck cylindrical: handles bent nearly at a right angle. 

Similar ornament : red paint introduced. H. 0-36. 

1117. (1111.) Elaborate neck ornament: on shoulder lattice triangles, 
swastikas, and arrow ornament. [485.] H. 0-335. A^z^rzbw, 1883-84 .^ 
(0-R.) 

1118. (1106.) Vertical lattice bands on neck and shoulder: groups of 
fine sub-Mykenaean bands. (Fragmentary.) Kuklia, 12. 

1119. (1112.) Horizontal bands ; wavy line on neck. [481.] H. 0-315. 
Kurion, 1883-84.? (0-R.) 

1120. (1109.) Lattice lozenges on neck: .r^^ paint introduced. [482.] 
H. 0-27. Cf 1 108 (11 10) above, which only differs in having ^/oot. 

1121. (1114.) Neck narrower and funnel-shaped: concentric circles. 
H. 0-335. 

1122. (1181.) Neck very wide and low: lattice triangles. H. 0-248. 
Ta7?iassos. 

^ A \s.xa.\.QT, ha7idinade 3.n& analogous to 1033, is in S. Kens. Mus. (257/1883: Kurion), 



74 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

1123. (1165-21.) Lotos flowers on shoulder: red paint. Cf. fabric 
of 1048. H. 0-095. 

h. Red ware : miniature : concentric circles. 
1124 (1100-25), 1125 01^58-2-1). Similar climinutive vases. H. o-o88- 
0-082. 1124. Cf. Zw/. A 128. Kuklia, 12. 1125. Poli. 

1126. (1126.) Wide mouth, depressed body, cf. 1123: circles and 
zitrzags in black and ivhite. H. 0-093. Amathtis, 251. 

i. White ware with black, red, and yellow paint. Cf. 1 1 72, 1 178. 

1127. (1127.) Very low body and wide neck: lattice and bands, 
n. 0-075. Anialhus, 225. 

E. HANDLES SET HORIZONTALLY AT GREATEST 
DIAMETER OF BODY, AND RISING MORE OR LESS 
OBLIQUELY UPWARDS. 

A. Handles single. 

a. Mykenaean influence predominant. Neck high, with wide 
funnel-shaped rim : body pear-shaped, tapering below, on more 
or less distinct conical foot. White ware : black paint : charac- 
teristic wavy lines, and groups of broad and narrow bands :" 
handles black. Cf. Sandwith, I.e., xiii ; KBH. clvii. 2 a. 

1128*. (1101-28.) Four wavy lines round greatest diameter : on shoulder 
a band of lattice lozenges and of latticed triangles : neck with broad 
black bands and narrow lines between : between neck and shoulder 
in front a small nipple-like projection. H. 0-475. Cf. Brit. C 116. 
Kuklia, 12. 

1129. (1103-34.) Smaller: wavy lines round greatest diameter : broad 
and narrow bands. [1772.] H. 0-175. 

1130 a-d. (TT§i~Ti§l-) Smaller: wavy lines round greatest diameter. 
H. o-i67--i68--i75--i88. All from Kuklia, 12. 

N.B. — 11306 (i 107) is of a peculiar over-fired r^(/(/?V// clay. Cf. 1042, 1134: Br{i.Cii2. 

1131. (1102-1129.) Smaller: wavy lines round greatest diameter: no 
wide lip. H. 0-107. Kuklia, 6. 

1132. (1172.) Wide neck : on one handle a small bowl : wavy lines on 
shoulder and neck. Kuklia, 12. Cf. sp. confisc. by Govt., Kerynia 
Castle. 

Cf. 439, 440, catalogued among Bronze Age Pottery to illustrate the continuity 
of style. 

1133. (1149.) Hydria : of same type as the preceding, but with third 
handle behind, from shoulder to middle point of neck : wavy lines, 
Kuklia, 12. 

h. Mykenaean influence evanescent : geometrical patterns, 
especially on neck. Neck more or less cylindrical, with thick 
or broad rim: body oval or pear-shaped: handles small and 
nearly upright. 

N. B. — Great variety of closely related forms and ornaments. White ware, except 

those indicated. Cf. Brit. C 236-40. 

1134. (1108-1135.) Body and handles small: neck large and wide : wavy 
line as above: same reddish clay as 1030 d (1107). H. 0-173. 
Kuklia, 12. 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 75 

1135a-c. (1135a, 1138a, 1134.) Similar: broad bands of red paint 
introduced. H. o-i5-0'i37. {&) Fo/i, i^j, 11. (b) =[845.] 

1136. Tall form like ii34ff. : elaborate geometrical ornament on neck 
and shoulder : elements borrowed from Cypriote Bronze Age, My- 
kenaean and Dipylon style. [i37-] H. 0-578. A. P. di Cesriola, 
1878. Perhaps from Ormidhia. (0-R.) 

1137. Neck narrow : simpler ornament ; only the groups of vertical 
straight and wavy lines (W-L) on the shoulder. Ancient fracture 
in neck with rivet-holes: cf. 910, 910a. H. 0-505. Larnaka, 
1884, 29. Cf. Brit. C 240: Ashvi. 503. 

1138. Similar : fiat rim at right angles to neck : elaborate geometrical 
panels on neck : two red bands. W-L. H. 0-57. A. P. di Cesnola, 
1878. Perhaps from Ormidhia. (0-R.) Cf. Z^)?^. A 119. 

1139. Slender neck, with funnel-shaped rim (INIykenaean influence) : 
geometrical panel ornament on neck. W-L. H. 0-51. 

1140.'* Similar : no red: no wavy lines. [137] A. P. di Cesnola, 

1878. Perhaps from Ormidhia. (0-R.) 
114l*-1142. Neck short and wide : heavy rim : body pear-shaped, base 

small : geometrical frieze on neck : tree-ornament introduced on 

1142. W-L. H. 0-73-0-782. Both from same tomb. Kurioti, 

1883. (0-R.) 
1143. Similar (neck only) : lotos introduced in geometrical ornament : 

binding-pattern on rim : cf. 921. H. (neck) 0-295. Kuklia, 12. 

1145. Body depressed ; neck very short : heavy rim : projection on 
handles ; two rows of concentric circles on body. Red ware : black 
and white bands. [1725.] H. 0-31. 

1146. Neck very large for body, cf. 1134 if. : on neck concentric circles 

with painted centre-point, thus ooo°ooo. H. 0-433. 

1147. Normal proportions : three irregular rows of concentric circles ; 
l/lacti and red bands. 

1148-1152. Normal proportions : concentric circles: black, and more and 
more red bands. 1152 has broad red bands on neck ; body larger, 
more swollen; concentric circles in compartments. H. 0-366-0-44. 

1153. Oval body : concentric circles in three groups of vertical lines on 
body: geometrical patterns and concentric circles on neck. H. 0-57. 

1154. Neck wide : red and black bands, and red triangles on neck : con- 
centric circles on shoulder; on body, CO ornament in compartments. 
H. 0-48. 

1155. Neck large, expanding above : vertical lines on shoulder. H. 0-41. 
115 - . Tall oval body : handles set high on shoulder : only one red line. 

W-L. H. 0-37. 
1157*. Tall oval body : red ware richly ornamented in black. Neck, 
(i) band of lotos b. f. ; (2) plait-ornament b. f. Shoulder, (3) rosettes 
in panels r. f.; (4) large lotos-flowers b. f. ; (5) ornament of lotos-leaf 
rays. Cf. late INIykenaean and Rhodian motives. Cf. vases from 
Ormidhia (Perrot and Chipiez, iii. fig. 507, 523) and Amathus (cf. 
Brit. C 243). H. 0-52. Larnaka, 1894, 42. 

1158. Similar, white ware : many black and red bands : shoulder-band 

divided into panels ||=||=||' '• cf. mo. [141-] A. P. di Cesnola, 
1878. Perhaps from Ormidhia. (O-R.) 

1159. (1161-22.) Oval body: red bands on neck: careless red palm- 
ornament on body. H. 0-68 1. 



^6 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

1160. (1109-62.) Body lower: neck narrower: cf. 1155: two red palms 
on each face of shoulder. II. 0-37. 

1161. (11G3.) Body lower: eight palms: concentric circles between. 
W-L. H. 0397. 

c. Later geometrical developing into naturalistic. 

a. Spherical or oval body : tall cylindrical or funnel-shaped neck : 
handles large : principal ornanien/s 7iot 01 ?ieck or shoulder, but oti a broad 
band round the greafest diameter. 

Concentric circles. 1162-1163. (1110-1113.) 1162. Wavy line also, 
and small horns on handles. H. 0-295. Cf. Ashm. 505. Kuklia, 12. 

Tree pattern : especially elaborate at A?nathus. (Cf. Brit. C 256-64, 
278 (r.b.w.), Catnbr., Ashm. 508-9.) 

1164. (1169.) Tree in each of three panels. 

1165. (1170.) Lattice side panels ; three trees in centre panel : elaborate 
bands of ornament on neck. 

1166. (1172.) Single tree of six lanceolate branches (lotos buds.?): 
elaborate neck. N.B. White dots on black band. Cf. sp. in Cambr., 
Fitzw. Mus. H. ©•I93. Amathus, 64. 

1167. (1171.) Tree degenerating into lotos and buds: elaborate neck. 
H. 0-I2. A?nathus, 165. 

1168. (1173.) Tree degenerating into lotos and buds: palmette with 
basal scrolls, rising out of a lattice triangle : same under handles : 
olive-wreath on shoulder. Hellenic influence. H. 0-15. Amathus, ^o. 

1169. (1174.) Degenerate fantastic lotos: arrow ornament on shoulder : 
cross under handle. H. 0-125. Amathus, 80. 

1170*. (1168 a.) Same style as the preceding, but more elaborate. Rim : 
(i) herring-bone pattern. Neck: (2) chequers. Shoulder: (3) white 
dots on black; (4) groups of black lines, spaces red; (5) groups of 

lines alternately oblique ////^^(//^ (Mykenaean motive) ; (6) alter- 
nate b.r. discs on white ground; (7) repetition of (3). Body zone : 
side panels (8) red and white lozenge-chequer outUned with black 
lattice: centre (9) diagonally divided: top and bottom, lattice triangles : 
lotos ornament, cf. 1143, in side spaces ; under handles (9) repeated. 
H. 0-28. Cf. Lou. A 105 : Brit. C 262-4. Amathus, g'j. 

Lattice pattern: (a) White ware (II. i). Cf. Brit. C 275-6: Lou. 
A 146: Ashm. 510-11. 

1171. (1167-28.) Lattice in black: black and red bands. H. 0-147. 
Amathus, 251. 

1172. (1168.) Lattice in black: black, red, and yellow bands: cf. 1127. 
H. o-io8. Amathus, 251. 

(^) Dark slip ware (II. 2). Cf. Brit. C 277-9 : Ashm. 564. 

1173. Lattice in white : black and white bands : characteristic ornament 
of black dots on white band, or white dots on black band : cf. 
922. KBH. l.xiii. 2, Ixiv. 6. 

1174. (1131a-1176.) Lattice absent: black and white bands. H. 0-103. 
Cf. Brit. C 280 : Poli, C. E. F. 1 1. 

1175*. (1136.) Oval body: white lattice : dotted bands. Amathus. 

1176 a*, b,c. (1164-6.) Neck wider and funnel-shaped : characteristic 
dotted bands; probably a local fabric. H. 0-26-0-24. All from 
Amathus. (b) 98; (c) 166. Cf. T-G, Amathus, 80, p. 175; and 
Ashm. 165. 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 77 

b. Spherical body : very wide low neck without rim. White ware (II. i). 

1181. (1143-1159.) Broad band of vertical lines, black only. H. 0-174. 
Poli, 20, III. 

1181a. (1160.) Lattice band, very broad, of black and red. [393.] 
H. 0-275. 

c. Diminutive vases with small handles projecting horizontally : not 
before fourth century B. C. Cf. Brit. C 160 ff. 

1177. Lattice ornament, black and red : cf. 11 71-2 (i 167-8). H. 0-127. 
Amathus^ 251. 

1178. Plain bands, black ^.n^ yellow : cf 11 27. Brit. C 250. H. 0-107. 
Amathus. 

1179. Plain bands, black and red. H. 0-098. 

1180. Plain bands, black and red: taller and narrower form. H. o-io. 
Amathus, 13. 

B. Handles double. Barge zvide-mouthed vessels, with neck very low or 
absent: early type : Dipylon i7ifluence. " ------- 

1182. Triple handles (vertical resting on horizontal, cf. Brit. A 431. Ka- 
miros) : concentric circles in vertical columns. H. 0-30. Am. 251. 

1183. Double handles : body cylindrical with angular profile : concentric 
circles on shoulder : body painted in compartments, black, red, and 
latticed : concentric circles in red and ground-coloured compartments. 

H. 0-2 2. Poll, 15, II. 

1184. Double handles, modelled as horns of an animal's head between 
them. Cf. Dipylon modve, and Tamassos vase in British Museum. 
KBH. pp. 36, 37, figs. 37, 38. On each side, an elaborate 
chequered lozenge with ' wing motive,' and concentric circles. 
[1767.] 

C. Vessels of horizotital-handled types, but with s?)iall vertical handles : 
white ware except 11 87. Cf Brit. C 169. 

1185. Black and red bands : concentric circles. H. 0-36. 

1186. Oval body, long neck, with rim : black and red : concentric circles 
between vertical stripes : over-fired. H. 0-357. 

1187. Red ware : black and white bands, like 1136 : concentric circles. 
[1144 a.] H. 0-19. Cf. Z<?z/. A 156. 

1188*. [1144.] Tree-ornament, like 1 169. H. 0-165. Kurion {0-R). 

1189. Oval body, long neck, without projecting rim : similar ornament. 
H. 0-198. Poli, 16, IL 

1190. Cylindrical body, of angular profile : long narrow neck without 
rim : under-fired greenish clay : black and yellowish (red) bands ; 
lattice ornament, cf. 1171 ff. (1167 flf.), 1177. Amathus, 251. 

1191. (1173.) Small bowl with two projections on rim instead of handles. 

Fantastic Vases: White ware. Cf. Brit. C 140-6. 

1195. (1175.) Bell, with human head as handle, modelled arms, and 
painted sword-belt. Cf. Heuzey, PI. ix. 3. Kiiklia, 12. 

1196. (1176.) Duck-shaped, but with spout instead of the head. Kuklia, 
12. 

1197.(1177.) Duck-shaped, with head: handle and mouth on back: 
rudimentary wings: geometrical ornament: fabric like 972 ff. 
Tamassos, 47, II. 



78 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



H. VASES WITH MODELLED SPOUTS. 

Tall jugs with ovoid body and cylindrical neck, which is short and 
plain in the earliei^ specimens (shape a. a; h. a-y), longer and slightly 
expanded above in the later (shape a. ^, y ; b. 8-6). On the shoulder, 
in front, is a spout, modelled as — 

{a) A cow's head, with perforated mouth : always modelled, not 
moulded. Cf. Ashm. 571-2, 577 (cow's head replacing pitcher). 

{b) A pitcher, hekl by a female figure, who sits or stands on the 
shoulder of the vase. The figure is (i) modelled in ' snow-man ' technique, 
(ii) pressed in a mould ' flat-backed,' (iii) moulded in the round in fully 
developed Hellenic style. Cf. Ashm. 573-5, red ware: 576-7, polychrome. 

N. B. — The Tomb numbers, without locality, refer to Poll excavations. Number 
followed by Roman figure= 1885-1886. Number preceded by a letter=CEF 
18S9-1S90. * indicates that the vase is preserved with the rest of its Tomb Group. 
Specimens occur in all varieties of Graeco-Phoenician workmanship. 

a. With Cow's Head. Cf. Lou. A 18 1-4. 

(d) Red ware: early form: black bands round body: patlcrns 07i shoulder, 

1201. 30, III, Conventional tree-pattern y once on each side. 

1202. Alternate black and white trees nI^ . 235, II. 1203. B. 12. 
1204. *2 39, II. y 

1205. White herring-bone pattern <«« on neck. *io6, II. 

1206. Black trees. B. 12. 1207. *239, II. 

1208. Shoulder plain. 1 2 6,1. 1209. *239,1I. 1210. 13,!. 121L2o,III. 

(^) White ware : later for 7n : polychrome decoration on white slip. 

1221. Projections at junction of handle and rim ; five friezes of ornament — 
(i) neck, red lattice ; (2) shoulder, red scroll ; (3) red palmette scroll 
on yellow ground ; (4) white meander on red ground ; (5) lotos 
petals oudined in blue-black : alternately red and white. 17, III. 

1222. Similar projections ; purple bands on white slip. *io6, II. 

1223. Bands of yellow and purple-red. 48, I. 

1224. Coarse fabric : no slip : horizontal and vertical bands of purple- 
red, painted straight on to the clay. F. 16. 

1225. Black bands on dull red. *io6, II. 

1226. Bull's head reduced to an unperforated boss : traces of purple-red 
lattice. 7, III. 

1227. Red lattice on neck : red scrolls and black and red concentric 
circles on shoulder. Amathus, 93. 

1228. Red scrolls on shoulder. * Amathus, 97. 

1229. Red lattice on shoulder. * Amathus, 12']. 

1230. Lotos flowers, red edged with black, on shoulder : red bands 
below. Limassol, M. 

(y) Light trare : plain. 

1236. All the slip worn off. 88,1. 1237. 219,11. 1238. 19, III. 

1239. Plain: coarse clay imitation. K. 35. 1240. Plain reddish ware. 20, III. 
1245. Bull's head unperforated, with a pitcher by the side: fairly early form : 
red ware, black lines. Amathus. Cf. Lou. A 180 (polychrome). 

b. Woman and Pitcher. Cfi Brit. C 356 ff. : Lou. A 187 ff. 

a, ^, 7, early form, cf. 1201 ff. ; S, later form, cf. 1221 ff. 



CATALOGUE OF GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY. 79 

(a) Wof)ia}i modelled {^ snoiv-man iech7iique), with headdress, 6;c., stuck on 
separately. Red ware : black lines, and occasional details in white. 

1251. Concentric circles on shoulder. Cf. KBH. ccxvi. 28 : Brit. 
C365. 126. I. 

1252. Black trees on shoulder. *io6, II. Cf. Brit. C 363. 

1253. White trees on shoulder. *io6, II. Cf. Z^/^. A 191-2 : sp. in Filzw. 

1254. White rosettes. *io6, II. 

1255. Surface black, lustrous, over-fired : white rosettes, zigzags, &c. * 1 06, II. 
1256-1260. Five more similar specimens from the same tomb. *io6, II. 
1261. Black and white trees. 1262. Very small specimen. B. 7. 

{&) Wojiian modelled in one piece of clay. Similar red ware. 

1266. 'Phoenician palmette' ornament on shoulder, in white, outlined 
with black dots : band of black chequers round greatest girth. 126, I. 

1267. Naturalistic trees on shoulder. 13, III. 

N. B. — Several coarse red-ware vases from the same tomb are placed near this 

specimen. 

1268. Black trees and white dotted rosettes : olive-wreath below. 30, III. 

1269. Black lattice band round greatest girth. 

1270. Red ware ://(?/« .• rather later form. CEF. 97. 

1271. Red ware. ^72, II. 1272-3. Amathus (Tomb number lost). 

(y) Woman pressed in mould: the fringe of clay has not been removed, 
and surroimds the Jigure like a shroud. 

1276. Red ware: black lines : black and white rosettes on shoulder. *72, II. 

1277. White slip ware : bands of red paint. *72, II. 

(5) Woman fully moulded : later form. 

1281. Dull painted bands: coarse red ware : black and white bands. 28,111. 

1282. Plain dull smear. 1283. Plain. CEF. 39. 

1284. Plain smooth light-red ware. 57, II. 

1285. Traces of polychrome decoration : loop-coil, &c. *2 6, I. 

N. B. — Another broken specimen from the same tomb. 

1286. Red ware. Kuklia. 1287. Red ware. Amathus, 80. 

1288. Traces of polychrome ornamentation. Atnathus, 80. 

1289. Plain. Amathus, 97*. 

(e) Figure, of good Greek style, standing above the pitcher. 

1290. Red clay : black loop-coil. *94, II. 1291. *ii7. 
1293-1296. [456-459.] Kurion. 

{0 A pair of draped female figures, of good Greek style, well moulded, 
standing above the pitcher. 
1301. Traces of polychrome ornamentation. *72, II. 

(»;) Eros and Psyche group, quite detached from the pitcher. 

1311-2. White slip: traces of red and black paint: much damaged. *72, II. 

1313. Smooth light-red slip : details of group in red : black-paint orna- 
mentation, in friezes : (i) olive leaves, (2) lattice, (3) scrolls. *26, 1. 
Same ware as 920, 920 a, 1080 ff. Cf. Brit. C 371 : Lou. A 247-8 : 
Fitzw. 

(6) Common workmanship : pitcher without figure. 

1321. Traces of red paint. 88, II. 1322. Similar. [460.] Kurion. 



8o CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

1330. Same shape : wiihout spout or figure : dull red ware ; black bands 
and white details. 

N. B. — Several fragmentary duplicates in the Tomb Groups referred to have not been 

numbered. 



LAMPS. 

A. Graeco-Phoenician. The type — a plain bowl with rim pinched^ 
at.one side into a nozzle or wick-holder — is found in XVIII Dvn. layers at . 
Tell-cl-Hesy (Bliss, MMC. fig. 174); but not in Cyprus in the Bronze AgejjL'w.y^ 
except one doubtful sp. from Kalopsida (Ashm. ]\Ius. ; ]. II. S. xvii, fig. 4) : '' • 
it occurs, undated, in Phoenicia, and persists in mod. Malta and Sicily. 

The form develops as follows : — 

VIII-VII cent. : deep: no distinct rim: deeply pinched: cf.Tell-el-Hesy. 
. , V-IV cent.: shallower: base much broader than before: slight rim. 

!\ IV-III cent. : flat-bottomed: wide flat rim pinched abruptly: slit narrow. 
J The last type is occasionally found in bronze and iron. 

^ 1301-9. H.O-05-0-025.D.O-I5-0-095. 1307. Two nozzles. 1308. Three. 

B. Hellenic. Rim more or less incurved, to cover the bowl: nozzle 
tubular: imported black glazed ware; and native imitations, badly 
varnished or plain. 

1310-20. Various. 1310. Cypriote. ^/«fl//^«.f, 58. 1317. Attic. /*<?/?', 20, III. 

C. Hellenistic and Graeco-Roman. Bowl closed by concave per- 
forated cover with stamped ornament : the original pinched fabric is often 
indicated by a scroll ornament on each side of the nozzle (1335-1366). 
Some have a ring-handle opposite to the nozzle (i 367-1401) : it somedmes 
bears a triangular ornamental plate (i 397-1401): in late lamps it is 
reduced to an ornament (1402) or to an unperforated spur (14 16-14 19.) 

1321-2. Red varnish. A.P.diC. 1365. Trophy: between seated 

1328. Plain. Poli, 52, II. mourners, man and woman. 

1337. Birdonaspray (freq.) [1045.] [1052.] Soliais, \^%^. 

1339. Eagle and standard. 1366. Draped figure offers sacrifice 

1341. Boar and hound. Kuklia. at an altar with trophies : inscr. 

1342. Bird and vase. A. P. di C. illeg. [1050.] 
1878. 1371. With handle: star. Poll, 26, II. 

1347. Kneeling bull. Ktildia. 1377. Vine clusters : inscr. on base 

1351. Gorgoneion. Soliais, 1883. <tROL)C0OPOY. ^./'.^//C. 1878. 

1353. Two Erotes, laden. [1020]. 1379. Peacock on pomegranate 

1355. Winged Eros, inscr. illeg. spray. [108 1.] 
[iio6.| Cf. 1389. 1384.Athene:headinprofile.[io54.] 

1356. Apollo Kiiharoedos, seated. 1385-6. Zeus Amnion : full fuce. 
Kurion, 1883. [1049-71.] 

1358. Herakles and Centaur. [lOT 5.] 1393. Herakles leading kids. A. P. 
1360-2. Gladiators. [1041, 2000.] di C. 

1364. Victorious horseman to 1.: 1394. Zeus Olympios seated. [1006.] 
full face. 1401. Ship: crew raise mast, and row. 

D. Byzantine, {a) Nozzle becomes long, with body vase-like (1410-1); 
or coalesces with body; {b) pear-shaped : a prominent rim encloses both 
orifices (141 7-9) ; (c) circular : top and bottom have incised ornaments ; 
the nozzle is a mere hole in the margin of the top (1420 flf.). Many 
Graeco Roman types persist. 



CATALOGUE OF ATTIC BLACK-FIGURED VASES. 8l 

1396. Juggler. 1416. Cross. Kiiklia. 

1402. Head for handle. Ktiklia. 1417. Long form : small handle. 

1406. Knob on handle. Poh', ^2,11. 1419. Conventional trees. (Type 

1410. Vase-like : long nozzle. -ATz^/^/Za. b.) [1350.] Vom. 

1414. Biga. 1426. Kurion, 1883. Cf. 1424-7. 



IMPORTED VASES OF GREEK FABRICS. 

Proto-Korinthian. 

1501. Aryballos, tapering below : yellowish glossy clay : lustrous red 
paint : two friezes of running dogs, and plain bands between. [696.] 
From an early Graeco-Phoenician tomb at Limassol, 1883. [Introd. ^ 
p. 8; KBH. clii. 18, p. 456; Reinach, Chroniques, p. 199. Same 
fabric iiom Ama/hus 241 (Brit. Mus. 94/11/1/501): qX.Lou. A 235.] 

Rhodian. 

1511. Amphora with tall pear-shaped body: lustrous black and dull 
purple-red bands. Rhodian clay. Cf. Bihl. Nat. 4734. Poll. 

1512. Skyphos with horizontal handles on rim : inside and upper part of 
outside, lustrous black : lower part ornamented with thin vertical lines 
of black : several bands of purple-red laid over the black varnish. 
Rhodian clay. Poll. 

1513. Lekythos: only neck and shoulder preserved : cf. form of 1588 ff. : 
archaic lotos ornament on shoulder: staff- ornament above it: 
meander on neck : black paint very slightly lustrous, and nearly all 
fallen off. Rhodian clay. Poll, 210, JI. 

1514. Lekythos : small, with rather long simple neck : black lustreless 
dashes on shoulder; coarse fabric, not Cypriote clay: perhaps 
Rhodian. Kuklia. 

Attic Black-figured Vases ^. 

Amphorae with cover. Black glazed, except a rectangular patiel, in 
which IS the same representation on each side. 

1541. A nude youth rides a prancing horse with thick neck and haunches 
and thin legs. Details incised sparingly : horse's mane in red, and V 
two red bands all round the vase close below the panels. Cf. Lou. 

E 109, 184. *2i6, II. 

1542. Four nude bearded men are dancing : three carry wreaths on their 
wrists. Details incised sparingly : eye in profile : hair and breasts 1^ 
purple-red : simple black-figured lotos pattern above the figures. Cf. 
Brit. B 181. The style shows a marked likeness to that of Amasis. 
Tamassos, A. 16. 

1543. Panel of similar style, but not quite so well painted : much 
damaged. One panel only. A bearded man is seated to right on 
a folding stool with crossed legs ending in long feet : headdress with 
long flap behind ears, and purple-red fillet over it : raised left hand 
grasps a spear, right mutilated : drapery black and purple-red. 
Before him stands a female figure in red and black striped chiton, 
girt at the waist, with red apoptygma : the arms hang stiffly by the 

^ All from Poll except those otherwise indicated. 
Figure followed by Roman numeral = Excavation of 1SS6, Tomb and Necropolis. 
Figure preceded by letter = Excavation of 18S9-90, Site and Tomb. 

G 



82 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

sides ; elbows slightly bent. Behind the seated figure stands a nude 
youth, addressing him with raised left hand : right holds a spear : 
mass of hair, confined by a fillet, on back of neck. Fringe of 
interlaced lotos-buds in the top of the panel. Same scheme as 
Louvre F 376, which has two accessory figures. 52, II. 

Kylikes. 

(a) Capacious bowl on high foot : black rim and base : frieze of figures 
between palmeltes on a level with the handles : both sides alike. Details 
incised, and in ivhite and red. Cf. Brit. B 388 ff. 

s^ 1550. Horseman to right between two advancing nude figures, flanked 
by two draped spectators each side. 218, II. 
1551. Horseman to right between two draped spectators, flanked by two 
. . nude figures running to right : the foremost looks back. On one 

side an extra spectator is added at the left end, to fill the space. 
Horse's mane and tail white. 214, 11. 
V ' 1552. Similar. ]M. 25. 

1553. Combat of lion and man armed with sword, between draped 
1/ spectators : then two nude figures running up with cloaks on left 

arms : all flanked by two more spectators at each end. 

1554. Deeper form with low foot. Horseman to right with spear, between 
two nude figures walking to right : the foremost looks back : flanked 

W by draped spectators, each with a staff". Graffito N inside bottom. 

^ T. 2. Cf Brit. B 408 {Poll) with centaur. 

(/3) Slender form {Kleinmeister type) : foot and handles black: rim and 
body left red : figure or small group on rim, the same each side. Details 
incised, and ifi white and red. 

/f 1556. Swan displayed : below, XAIPEKAIfllElEY, between palmettes. 
76, II. Cf. same inscri[Hion, 91, II, published KBH. cix. 11 ; cf 
Brit. Mus. B. 415-6, 422-3, 601-12. Cambridge (Fitzwilliam), 65 
and 68. Louvre, F 97. 

1557. Stag feeding to r. Cf. Lou. 1621. Lion to r. : palmettes below. 
E 63, F 94. *2i6, II. 1622. Lion to 1. : poor: no details. 

1558. Hare running to 1. 144, II. 1623. Horseman to right. 68,11. 

1559. Horseman to right. 244, II. 1623a. Horseman to right: several 
1560-1561. Horseman to right. fragments. 

Lou. A 243 (Cypr.). *239, II. 1624. Wrestlers. 228, II. 

1562. Wrestlers. 244, II. 1625. Man attacking lion. 210, II. 

1563. INIan attacking lion. y 1626. Two men dancing face to 

1564. Plain. 244,11. face. 215, IL 

1565. Plain. T. 2. 1627. Three dancing; two to right, 

one facing. 

1566. No foot : black rim : plain. 1628-1629. Black rim : red glazed 

bowl. 176,11.; 158,11. 

(y) Large flat bowl on low foot. 

1567. Black outside : inside red : a draped nymph, in flight to right, is 
pursued by a satyr, at whom she lof)ks back : a few details carelessly 
incised : hair and hem of drapery in purple-red. Cf. Lou. E 240. 
Tamassos, A. '12. 

1568. Black inside : outside red : each handle is supported by a pair of 
\/ rampant lions, which look back at a bearded figure (Dionysos ?) in 

the middle of each side, who stands to right and holds ivy sprays in 



V 



CATALOGUE OF ATTIC BLACK-FIGURED VASES. 83 

each hand : red and white details : narrow border of ivy leaves : very 
fine work. Brit. B. 458. KBH. clxxxiv. 2. 228, II. 

1609. Black inside and out : no foot, but hemispherical boss in centre 
inside, surrounded by black-fired staff"-ornament. 

1610. Black inside and out : b. f. Gorgoneion in centre inside, carelessly 
drawn : low foot : details incised, and in red and white : fragmen- 
tary. 206, II. 

(8) Form like (0), but heavier : black stem and rim : band of b.f. lotos and 
palmette ornaments level with handles ; often with details iji white and red. 

1569. 147,11. I 1577. (C.E.F.)45.J.H.S.xii. 314. 



y 



1578-1579. *2i6, 11." 
1580-1581. *239, II. 

1618. 177, II. 

1619. 234. 



= A 



\y ~ 



1570. 164, II. 

1571-1572. 159, II. \f 

1573-1574. 244, II. 

1575. 177,11. 

1576. 171, II. 

1582. Similar : bands of stafF-ornament and ivy and olive wreaths, with 
rays below. 177, II. 

1583. Similar. F. 19. 

1584. Similar : olive-wreath, with rays below : rim red : on each side 
two b. f. swans displayed : palmettes by handles : no incised or 
coloured details. 

(f) Deep bowl without distinct stem : black base and rim : band of b.f. 
figures on a level with the handles : coarse and careless : no ificised details. 

158.5. Two sphinxes, facing each side : between palmettes : white ^ ~ 

details. 51, II. <\^ /t/ 

1586. (A) Sphinx : (B) male figure running to right and looking back : 
each between two spectators: red and white details, in, II. 

1587. Frieze of alternate palmettes and naturalistic vines : no details. 
KBH. clxxxiii. 3. 175, II. 

1587 a. Crested helmet to right, between large eyes : details in white. 

i59» II- 
Lekythi. 

(a) Shorter and xvider form : black base : rather careless work : a few 
details incised : red used sparingly, but not white. Cf. Brit. B 567, 572-3, 

579. 

1588. A nude male figure with drapery on extended right arm strides 
to right towards a standing draped figure facing him : behind him 
another draped figure is looking on : on shoulder a reversed lotos 
between two rosettes, flanked by a pair of small draped figures. 

1589. One warrior flies to right from another, at whom he looks back : 
a third advances from right to support him : each wears crested 
Corinthian helmet, chiton, and shield : on shoulder an inverted lotos 
between two ivy leaves. 

1590. Two warriors with crested Corinthian helmets, breast-plates, shields, 
ancf dagger-swords, advance against each other, between two 
youthful spectators in himatia : on shoulder an animal between 
two ivy leaves. 

1591. Two nude boys run to left ; the foremost carries drapery on his 
right arm : on shoulder a palmette between two ivy leaves. 

1630. Fragmentary : on shoulder staff"-ornament with dots between. 

G 2 



84 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

(0) Taller f 01- m : black base: staff-ornament on shoulder : work careless: 
a few incised lines : red and white details used sparingly. 

1592. A draped female is seated spinning on a chair to right in front of 
an archaic tree of four branches and between a pair of eyes. 
Tarnassos, A. 2. 

(y) Same form : black base : staff-ornament on shoulder : careless work : 
incised lines more numerous, red and white more freely used, the latter always 
for fltsh parts of females. Dionysiac scenes. 

1593. A nymph retires to right from a bearded satyr, at whom she 
looks back : a laden vine in the background ; stem omitted, so that 
it seems to spring out of the satyr's shoulders. 200, II. 

1594. Bearded Dionysos, in white chiton and black himalion, walks to 
right in front of a vine, looking back to left : a nymph approaches 
him from each side, scantily draped, and astride upon an ass : 
behind each nymph is a satyr dancing to right, looking behind him 
and carrying a tall white wine amphora. 58, II. 

1595. Quadriga to right with a draped charioteer stepping into it : a 
draped female figure is seated in front of the horses : bearded 
Dionysos to left behind the team, facing a draped figure to right : 
vine in background. Cf. Lou. F 526 ff. 50, III. 

(5) Similar form : yellowish-white slip background. 

1596. Similar quadriga and charioteer : two youthful figures converse 
with raised hands behind the horses : vine in background : in front 
of the horses a satyr dances to right, looking back at a deer which 
follows him : lines freely incised : red details rare : meander band 
above : staft-ornament on shoulder. Cf Lou. L 40. 39, II. 

1597. Same background : biga drawn by winged horses to right : 
meander above : three white lines on the black body below : cf. Brit. 
B 659. K. 12. 

1598. Similar : palmette coil in front and lattice band below staff- 
ornament on shoulder. Cf. Brit. B 274-7. 13, II. 

1599. Similar : ivy spray and lattice band : staff-ornament (cf. vase from 
Amaihus, no, in British Museum). 13, 11. 

1606. Similar : fragmentary. 58, II. 
1608. Similar: fragmentary. *2i6, II. 

1607. Similar : fragmentary. 

{i) Similar form: plain black body. Cf Brit. (Room II, shelf 37). 

1600. Palmette ornaments on shoulder. *72, II. (R. f. Tomb Group.) 

1601. Palmette ornaments on shoulder. 13, I. 

1602. Staff-ornament on shoulder. *io6, II. (R. f Tomb Group.) 

1603. Oenochoe of very graceful form influenced by the native Cypriote 
\J type (1043 flf.), and probably especially made for exportation to 

Cyprus (cf KBH. frontispiece 8 a and pp. 497 ff. E. T.). Black 
glaze, with large panel in front : small roundels, painted red, on lip 
and at base of handle, which is of two rolls of clay like that of the 
Cypriote oenochoae : b. f. staff-ornament on a red band round neck 
and along the top of panel : r. f palmette below base of handle. 
Two bearded warriors, with crested Corinthian helmets pushed back, 
clothed in chiton, breastplate, embroidered himation, and one greave, 
are seated playing draughts. He on the left lays his right hand 



/ 



/i 



CATALOGUE OF HELLENIC POTTERY. 85 

on the nearest of six pieces on the board : the other is about to do 
the same : each holds two spears. Behind each player another 
bearded warrior retires looking back towards the game, similarly 
clad, but with helmet drawn down over his face and with sword and 
shield instead of spear. Details incised freely ; eyes full face ; crests, 
beards, greaves, and details of chitons in red ; a few details in white on 
shield rims : dashes of white on and above the helmet on the right 
look like a plume of feathers, but are probably accidental. Poli, 
*239, II. 

The attendant warriors constitute this a distinct type from any in British Museum 
Vase Catalogue, ii. 27 (Walters), or in Berl. Vasensammlung (Furtw,). 

1609-1610, 1618-1619, 1621-1629. (Kylikes.) 1630. (Lekythos) : 
found later: pp. 82-83.. 

(f) Large broad body. 

1631. Dionysiac scene : palmette scroll on shoulder : [only neck and 
shoulder]. * 117, I.. 

Rhyton. 

1638-1639. A pair of fantastic vases : the body in the shape of a female 
head, with trilobate neck and handle, like an oenochoe. The faces 
are of somewhat archaic modelling and are left red ; details in black ; 
white on eyes and hair ; traces of red on cheeks. The rest of the 
vase is varnished black. Cf Furtw. Berl. Vasensammlung, 2 191 ff. 
PI. VII, form 288 : Lou. H 51 ff. Amalhus, 91*. 

Attic Red-Figured Vases. 

1645. Fragments, apparently of a lekythos, of the finest style, with the 
drapery very fully studied. A young bride (?) with long flowing 
hair sits on a high stool to right : her head is bent low, and her 
chin rests on the fingers of her left hand ; her right, exposed from 
the shoulder, rests in her lap. Before her a female attendant brings 
a large flat basket in both hands ; behind, another girl with bare 
feet advances nearly full face and slightly inclined towards the seated 
figure : her right hand hangs freely behind, her left across her body. 

1646-1650. Fragments of hydriae : coarse work. 

1651. Neck of amphora : three heads of youths : coarse work. [749-] 

1652. Amphora : neck and shoulder broken. A. On a meander band 
stands a draped female figure to right, holding a staff in right hand, 
and extending left. B. Similar figure with modifications : muti- 
lated. 134. 

Kotyle. Deep form, with horizontal handles on rim. Cf. 1801. 

1652 a. Palmette below each handle : on each side two youths in himatia 
stand facing each other : between their heads a sort of escutcheon 
^. [1692.] Cf. Brit. F 126. 158, II. 

Kylikes. Flat form on low foot. 

1653. Black outside, mside red glaze: black central medallion. A 
youthful figure wrapped in himation walks briskly to right, looking 

^ backwards and downwards : wreath on hair in red paint ; outline of 
back of head incised : good work : FT graffito inside base. 



86 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

1654. Black, except central medallion, which has been spoiled at an 
early stage, and contains only some blocking-out, and a few 

y strokes cancelling the representation. 

Lekythi. 

(a) Large globular forvi {aryballoid) . ivilhout distinct shoulder. 

1655. Female figure closely draped, to right, looking downwards ; 
addressed by flying Eros, who extends left hand : r. f palmettes 
under handle : small collar with stalT-ornament round base of neck : 
fine red-glaze lines on drapery: fragmentary. ^72, II. 

(3) Tall narrotv/orm, with nearly flat shoulder. 

1656. A bearded man with long hair, in short chiton elaborately em- 
broidered, dances to right, looking behind him, arms on hips : 
behind him a small tree : in front a cypress or large thyrsos : b. f. 
meander above and below: palmette scroll on shoulder, 13, I. 

1657. A draped female figure, with hair in net, advances to right, hold- 
ing a patera in right hand, and extending left palm upwards : a scarf 
suspended in field behind : b. f. meander above : palmette coil on 
shoulder. 25, III. 

1658. A winged female figure (Nike ?) advances to right from under a 
portico (one column only), extending both hands. Amathus, 98. 

{y} Small globular body, aryballoid. 

1659. Nike to right is about to place a garland upon a small hearth : 
garland, and objects on altar, in dull white : careless work. 75, II. 

1660. A girl heavily draped, with hair in net, balances a stick on the end 
in her right hand : in front a scroll : egg-and-dart moulding 
below. 158, I. 

1661. A woman heavily draped holds a mirror (? patera) over a small base 
or altar : details in dull white. B. 13. 

1662. Eros to right, ])oiscd for a dive (or starting for a race, cf. Brit. 
E 269): behind him, below, a plain stele, 220, II. 

1663. A girl walking to right holds a box in her left hand, looks behind 
her, and stretches out a napkin in her rigiit hand. 20, III. 

1664. A woman stoops to right, with arms outstretched as if to call a 
child : egg-and-dart below. 

1665. Sphinx seated to right. K. 12. 

1666. Sphinx seated to left. B. 9. 

1667. Female head to right ; in front a scroll. 20, III. 

1668. A dappled fawn skips to right : behind it a palm-tree. (Askos 
style.) 239, II. 

1669. Trotting horse to left. J. H. S. xii. 314. (C. E. F.) 41. 

1670. Olive-wreath on shoulder : meander below : statf-ornament 
above. J. H. S. xii. 309. (C. E. F.) 6. 

1671. B. f. guilloche ZZZ on red band. 75, I. 

1672. Plain red band. 117, 1. 16.3, Plain red band. 158,!. 
1674. Palmette. 85, II. 1675. Palmette. 60, I. 

1676. Vd.\mQ{{Q.Kuklia,C-^- 1676 a. Palmetles. Amathus, \r,^*. 

1677. Plain. Amathus, 100. 1678. Palmette. 96, I, 
1679. Plain. 75, I. 1680. Plain reeded. 72, I. 

1681. Plain reeded. 26, I. 1682. Plain lotos-petal reeding. 39, III. 
1683. Cup : cf. 1825 : a bald bearded satyr tries to catch a ftbort snafee. 
106. \.\. ,<> 



CATALOGUE OF HELLENIC POTTERY. 



87 



(5) Similar for tn : body left red and covered with a network of thin glaze, 
ivith dull white dots at the intersections : with other forms in the same style. 
1684. 164,11. 1685. (C.E. F.)C. 

16S6. Small amphora with slender handles on neck. Amathus, 12"]. ■.,_ 

1687. Pyxis: egg-and-dart band on side and twice on lid. 17, III. 

1688. Pyxis : plain, small. 13, I. 

Lamp-filler : d.f spiral ornaments. 

1689. Poli{C. E. F.) 79 .? J. H. S. xii. 326. Cf. Louvre (Myrina), 582. 

1690. Salamis, C. 18. Badly damaged. 

1691. Amaihiis, ^0(). [I692] = i652 (7. kotyle. 

Miscellaneous. 
1696. Fragmentary rim with r. f. olive-wreath. Poll (C. E. F.) F. 
1698. Attic white lekythos : neck and part of shoulder. Cf. (from 
Cyprus) Lou. A 256, and J. H. S. xii. p. 315, fig. 2, PI. xiv. 

Aski. 

' A. Simple body : handle straight across from rim of spout to 
opposite edge of top. The top is thus divided into two equal 
fields, which are usually filled by a pair of similar figures 
heraldically opposed round the spout. Cf. Brit. E 722-766: 
F 32-34, 1 19-120. 

(a) The same subject is repeated. 

1701. Female heads. 20, III. 

1702. Female heads, each with fore 
part of a cat in front. 78, I. 

1703. Griffins. 26, I. 

1704. Griffins. 142, II. Cf. KBH. 
cxviii. I = clxxxiii. 4. 

1705. Sphinxes. 182, II. (Cf. 
KBH. cxviii. 2 = clxxxiii. 5.) 

1706. Sphinxes. 26, I. 

1707. Cats. 74 T. Cf.Zo«.K62-3. 

1708. Cats. 76,1. 



1709. 


Cats. 78, I. 


1710. 


Cats. 78, I. 


1711. 


Hares. 146, II. 


1712. 


Hares. €1 on bottom. 


1713. 


Geese. 72, II. 


1714. 


Geese. 88,11. 


1715. 


Geese. 89, II. 


1716. 


Geese. B. 9. 


1718. 


Two palmettes. 125, II. 


1719. 


Two palmettes. B. 8. Cf. 




KBH. clxxxiii. 3. 



(/3) A pair of dissimilar figures forming one subject. 



1721. Cat and hare (perhaps two 
cats). 72, II. 

1722. Cat and hare. 

1723. Cat and goose. 

1724. Cat and goose. 

1725. Cat and goose. 

1726. Cat and goose. 

1727. Cat and goose. 
Cat and goose. 



Lou. H 500. 



1728 
1729 
1730 
1731. 



Cat and goose. 



Cat and dog. 
Cat and dog. 

1732. Cat and dog : 
178,11. 

1733. Cat and lion. 

1734. Hare and dog. 

1735. Hare and dog. 



91, I. 

19, III. 

21, III. 

21, III. 

49, 111. 

72, II. 

117, I. 

K. 12. 
22. 

146, II. 
coarse make. 

26, I. 
29, III. 
29,111. 



1736. Hare and lion. 
14,111. 

1737. Hare and lion. B. 11. 

1738. Dog and goose. 226, II. 

1739. Nude bald dwarf, shooting 
at Pegasos. 239, II. 

1740. Staff-ornament. 18, III. 

1741. Plain black moulded circles. 
C.E.F. 

1742-1753. Plain. 
1752-1753. A pair. 

1754. Moulded top. 

1755. Moulded top. 

1756. Native imitation, reddish clay 
unglazed, 58, 1. 

1757-1760. 



26, I. 
29, I. 

78,1. 



n,.^ 



88 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

B. Taller body, with central vertical perforation : spout and 
handle like (A). 

1761. Plain black. 72, II. 1765. Olive-wreath, perforation 

1762. Plain black. 83, I. large and expanding above. 

1763. Plain black. 83, I. 75, I. 

1764. Olive-wreath. 26, I. 

C. Same shape as (B), but no central perforation : figure 
stamped in relief : black varnish : handle of two parallel strips. 

1771. Gorgoneion. Cf. Bril. G 54 flf. 158, II. 

1772. Negro head, full face. 158, II. Cf. sp. in Cambr., Fitzw. Mus. 
{Poll, C. E. F.) : Louvre, H 333. 

1773. Bearded satyr head, full face. 96, I. Cf. Brit. G 69 ff. 

1774. Skylla : full length to left. 85,11. 

1775. Skylla : full length to left. 159, II. Cf. Sphinx, J. H. S; xii. 321 
{Poli). 

1776. Oblong plaque, rather clumsily applied to the rounded top. 
Archaistic bearded Dionysos, in crinkled chiton, drives to right 
in a chariot drawn by two panthers, which are wreathed in ivy : he 
holds in his raised left hand the thyrsos, and extends a kantharos 
in his right towards a cluster of laden vines in the background. 
21. III. 

D. Flat body : strainer or covered opening in centre : small 
circular handle set at right angles to the spout, so that the top 
is divided into two fields, of one and three quadrants respec- 
tively. 

(a) Spout /or??ied by an animaf s head. 

1781. Cat and dog : in small field a Hon, whose head is moulded in relief 
and forms the spout. Cf Brit. E 764 : Lou. K 397. 54, II. 

(/3) Palmette in s??iall field : plain spoilt. Cf. Brit. E 763 : Lou. K 399. 

1782. Goose. 88, II. 1790. Plain black glaze, lion spout. 

1783. Cat and lion. 76, I. 58, I. 

1784. Cat and dog. 60, I. 1791. Plain, ribbed body : small 

1785. Two cats. 75,11- cover in central opening. 26,1. 

1786. Three palmettes. 82,1. 1792. Plain, ribbed body: small cover: 

1787. Olive-wreath. K. 35. Hon head for spout. Cf. Brit. 

1788. Plain black glaze. 146, II. G 82 ff. 26, I. 

1789. Plain black glaze. 158, 1793. Plain, ribbed body: small cover: 
II. lion head for spout. 26, I. 

E. Fancy shapes. 

1795. Duck : plain spout on tail, which is joined by handle to back 
of head: body red: black spout, handle, and details. B. 12. Cf. 
Lou. H 96. 

1796. Knuckle-bone: small spout : handle like (A) : plain black varnish. 
Cf Lou. H 129. 26, I. 

1797. Knuckle-bone: small spout: handle like (A). Amathus, ^t^. 

Types of Plain Black-Glazed Attic Vases : all from Poli, 

Kotyle. ^^^^^^ '^°'- 

1801. Deep, with two horizontal handles and slight rim. 



CATALOGUE OF HELLENIC POTTERY. 



89 



1806. Similar: thin curved handles. 

1807. Hemispherical: two horizon- 
tal handles. 

1808. Shallower, approaching to 
kylix-shape. 



1802. Similar. Amathus, 306. 

1803. Similar : without rim. 

1804. Similar: one handle vertical. 

1805. Similar ; handles turned up- 
wards : bowl wider. 

Kylix. 

(a) Without distinct foot. 

1809. Deep, without rim. 

1810. Deep, with distinct rim. 

1811. Deep, with swollen rim. 

(/3) With distinct foot. 

1815. Rim distinct. 

1816. Cf. i556flf. 

1817. Bowl more swollen. 

1818. Thick rim and curled handles. 

1819. Same type more accentuated. 

1824. Kantharos with reeded body, swollen rim, and vertical handles 
with projecting horns. 

1825. One-handled cup with swollen body and thick rim. Cf. 1683. 

1826. Oenochoe with lip pinched into trefoil shape. 

Bowls and Plates, often with Stamped Ornament. 



1812. Deep, with concave rim. 

1813. Very shallow : concave rim. 

1814. No rim. 

1820. Taller. 

1821. No rim : curled handles. 
1822-1823. Concave rim : curled 

handles. 



1830. Two-handled, like a flat kylix. 

1831. One-handled : plain. 
1832-3. One-handled. 

Phiale : No handle. 



1834. One-handled : smaller. 

1835-6. One-handled. 

1837. One-handled: deeper. CfiSoy. 



1838. On foot : flat rim. 1839. On foot : smaller, 

1840-1848. On base-ring, slightly incurved lip : several varieties, some 

with slight external rim. Cf Lou. A 259 (Cyprus). 
1849. Similar, on foot. 1850-1852. Sides nearly upright. 

1853. Sides reduced to a low moulding. 

1854. Flat upper surface, projecting rim on under side. 
1855-1864. Various small saucers. Cf Lou. A 261 (Cyprus). 
1865. Small pot with concave sides. Cf. 26, I. 

N. B. — A large number of duplicates of these types are not included in this Catalogue, 
but are exhibited in the Poll Collection in a separate case. 



Native Cypriote Imitations of Attic Types : all from Poll 

1025. ' Bottle-jug ' [q. v.], 1 68, II. 1083-4. Oenochoe. (1084, C. E. F. 8.) 
1756. Askos, like 1742 ff. 

1881. Deep cup, like 1801 : blackened to imitate glaze. 

1882. Deep cup, like 1801 : partially blackened. 

1883. Deep cup, like 1801 : not blackened. 

1884-1885. Like 1803: kotyle. 1893. Like 183 1 : two-handled bowl. 



1886. Like 1807. 
1887-1888. Like 1806, 
1891-1892. Likei659ff".:lekythos. 
Cf 2080. 



1894-1895. Like 1840 ff".: saucers. 
1896. Like 1850. 
1897-1898. Like 1869. 



90 



CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



GRAFFITI SCRATCHED ON GREEK BLACK-GLAZED 

WARE. 

Many of the ordinary black-glazed vases from Poli bear short inscriptions in Greek, 
Cypriote, and Phoenician characters, which are reproduced below : Nos. 1901-1999 
are on plain black-glazed ware: Nos. 1707-1810 are on vases in the Type Collection, 
and are given under their respective catalogue numbers. 





GREEK. 


1901. 


12,111. 


R 


1902-5 


.19,111. 


TIM 


1903. 


1 7, in. 


I^ 


1904. 


17,111- 


/yVY 


1906. 


21,111. 


API 


1907. 


21,111. 


f\y 


1908. 


25,1. 


A^ 


1909. 


28,1. 


R 


1910. 


146,11. 


^ 


1911. 


226, 1. 


\F 


1912. 


26,1. 


^4>i 


1913. 


60,1. 


AA 


1914. 


148,11. 


AA^cr 



CYPRIOTE. 

1921. 17, II. AA/ 

1922. 17,111. AA 

1923. 17,111. A<^ 

1924-5.17,111. ^^ 

1926. 17,111. >^yK' 

1927. 17,111. V J)^ 
1928-9. 17,111. >0< 

1930. iy\ 

193L 18,111. _^ 
1932-3.21,111. ^% 

1934. 26,1. A J!: 



1959. 

1960. 
1961. 



88,11. "^Ht^ 



83, I. S^ 

88,11. "^^ 

75, II. ^ /' 
1962-5. 88, II. A>'< 

1966. 95,1-^ 

1967. 146,11. -fv 

1968. 146,11. iv^ 
1969-70.146,11. riiCv 

1971. 146,11. r\ 

1972. 176,11.-^55 

1973. 158, II. A 



T.2. N 



1554. 

1714. ) , i AP monogram 1943, 

1792-3. i " ' ' like 1909. ^^^^ 
1724-5.2 1,111. API like 1906 



1935. 26,1.^^/^1974. 158,11. >i< 
1936-4L 26,1. ^ 

1942. 26, 1. :ii AA 

28,1. ^ 



AP associated 



1945. 



29,111. A 
38, II. XX 



1975-6.239,11. T 

1977. 239,11. nt 

1978-9.239,11. -Tl- 
1980. B. ii./\V>6 



174LC.E.F.4I.. .^^ 

1Q34_<5 06 T withCypr.q.v. 1946. 
19^4-5. 26, i. \ j_j^ g^,j^^j^_ 

1947-9.72,11. )( 
PHOENICIAN. 



1996. Lainaka. 
1997. 






1998. 



1981. 



27.1. "^r 
CYPRIOTE. 
C.E.F. ;k5t^^Oi958 



1950. 
1951. 
1952. 

1953. 
1954. 

1955. 

1956. 

1957. 



72,11. % 

72,11. Y^ 

75,11. Tlil 

75,11. Tn/SJ^ 

75,11. T^^ 

75,11. ^ 

75,11. \ 



75,11. 



yy 



79 



,1. \ 



1982. C.E.F. ^'^'''^LV 

1983. 74, II. \'^T9/- 



1981-5. Vide below. 
1707. 74,11. ^p 
1712. B 

1723. 17,111. f 
1730. o_)'( 

174LC.E.F.4I. 5zx>g 
I742.C.E.F.27. ^ 

1752. 26, I. ^ 

1753. 26, 1, p :f: ^ 
1803. 117,1. /[^^ 
1807. C.E.F. 25. Cf. 

1922. 
1810. 253,11. Cf. 
1932-3. 



CATALOGUE OF POTTERY. 91 

WINE AMPHORAE. 

A. Cypriote forms, sixth-fourth century : often with painted 
Phoenician inscriptions. '" 

(o) Roimded or conical hody, flat shoulder with two small round handles 
at the angle, and neck less than 0-02 high. 

2001*. Sinaped like a sugar-loaf or a conical shot. H. 0-40. Cf. Lou. 
A 209. Larnaka {Turabi), 1894, 14. 

2002. Broader. H. 0-40. Larnaka, 1894, 42. 

2003. Taller-pointed and bulging halfway down: the shoulder projects in 
a ridge. H. 0-54. Ldalion, 26. 

2004. H. 0-50. Larnaka, 1894, 60. 

2005. Blunter point. H. 0-52. Larnaka, 1894, 59. 

2006. Tall cyhndrical body with rounded bottom. H. 0-655. Larnaka, 
1894, 34. 

2007. Short, full-bodied, round bottom. H. 0-41. Larnaka, 1894, 37. 
2007 a*. Painted with black lines and zigzags and a broad band of 

yellow. Larnaka, 1894, 56. Cf. Ashm. 415-6 (415 from same 
tomb). 

2008. Smaller. H. 0-29. Larnaka, 1894, 11. 

2009. With concave standing base. H. 0-28. Larnaka, 1894, 12. 

2010. H. 0-24. Larnaka, 1894. 27. 

(iS) Oval body : short narroiv neck with a deep groove round it : two 
stout handles set horizontally, but rising nearly upright from shoulder. 

2019. Body nearly spherical: neck long. H. 0-33. Larnaka, 1894,25. 
(Cf. Tomb Group, p. 178.) 

2020. Handles low on shoulder and not very large. H. 0-415. 

2021. Larger : handles rise level with the rim. H. 0-66. 

2022*. Larger and broader : handles rise above the rim so that the vessel 

can be slung on a pole. H. 0-57. 

Cf. terracotta of ' snow-man technique ' (two men carr)'ing such a vessel) in the 
collection of Major Thackwell; lately (1894) in Limassol. 

B. Hellenistic Forms. 

(y) Rhodian arid allied forms . 
2024*. Rhodian amphora with pointed body, long neck, and handles 

which are bent at an acute angle above : rectangular stamp with 

caduceus and illegible inscription. H. 0-80. Larnaka, 1894, 45. 
2028-2030. Similar." 2028, H. 0-75. 2029, H. 0-58. 2030, H. 0-63. 
2031-2033. Shorter neck and handles, very wide body tapering rapidly 

to a knobbed point. 2031, H. 0-54. 2032, H. 0-47. 2033, H. 0-50. 
2041. Shorter neck and handles, nearly flat slioulder, body long and 

tapering with concave outline. H.o-94. ^wX-cw?', Tomb Group, p. 175. 
2C42. Similar. H. 0-90. L.arnaka, 12. 

2043. Similar: longer neck. H. 0-96. Larnaka, 18. 

(6) Coarse red ware, generally ribbed horizojitally on outside : very brittle. 

2044. Similar shape, with rounded shoulder, and neck without ribbing. 
H. 1-2. Larjiaka, 31. 

2045. Similar: ribbed all over. H. 0-84. Larnaka, 22. 

2046. Similar: fuller body and blunter point. PL 0-67. Larnaka, 22. 

2047. Similar : long neck tapering upwards : small foot. H. o-68. 
Larnaka, 18. 

2048. Similar, smaller: long neck. H. 0-50. 

2049. Similar : with flat bottom. H. 0-28. 



92 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



POTTERY OF THE HELLENISTIC AGE. 

Imported Vases. 

2051. Hydria of Alexandrian ware : white clay : palmettes and scrolls in 
dull brown glaze, which is absorbed by the clay, and therefore lustre- 
less. [464.] Cf. Brit., t^lll^. 156 : Cesn. Sal. fig. 248. Kurion, 
1884. 

2052. Vase with high foot, hemispherical body, flat shoulder, and low 
neck: common Hellenistic fabric: red (over-fired) paint: lattice- 
work on side: ivy spray on shoulder. Cf. Brit. Mus. C 129. Poli, 
C.E.F. 79. 

2053. Native imitation of late Hellenic work : ovoid body with low neck 
and two horizontal handles rising from the shoulder; smooth red 
clay : slightly glazed black paint, dotted ornament of rosettes, &c., on 
shoulder. 



Cf.sp. (apparently from Cyprus) in Smyrna Museum (92 2,Markopulos 
Coll.). Poll, 86, II. 

Domestic Wares. 

2061. Large oval-bodied jug with plain neck. H. 0-295. 

2062. Similar: flatter body and rimmed neck. [916.] H. 0-23. 

2063. Similar: taller and narrower neck. H. 0-23. 

2064. Large coarse jug of same character. H. 0-385. 

2065. Like 2063 : angular shoulder, [952.] H. 0-15. 

2066. Globular body. H. 0-14. 

2067. Oval body: glaze on rim, neck, and handle. H. 0-155. -^^^^ 

12, in. 

2068. Similar: splashes of black paint. H. 0-16. Poll, \2^.\l. 

2069. Flat shoulder. H. 0-185. 

2070-2071. Whole body flattened and angular: long neck. [944-] 
H. 0-22. 2071, H. 0-42. Poll, 41, II. 

2072. Similar: wide rim, twisted handle, faint bands of brown paint. 
H. 0-21. 

2073. Little coarse jug rather like 102 1. H. 0-06. 

2074-2075. Forms like 1023 :' bottle-jugs.' 2074, H. 0-125. 2075, 
H. 0-146. 

2076. Krater : small and coarse : like 1 123 ff. 

2077. Oenochoe : with oval body and high shoulder : handle of two 
strips: same ware as 2080-2081. H. 0-21. 

2078. Oenochoe: longer neck: coarse white ware. H. 0-188. 

2079. Oenochoe : small globular body : graceful neck. H. 0-08. 
Amathiis, 128. 

2080. Lekythos, like 1 891-2, imitation of Greek ware. H. 0-22. Poli, 
158, 11. 

N. B.— Characteristic of a large group of tombs at Poli. 

2081. Fantastic vase (askos) like a wine-skin. H. 0-15. Poli, 124, I. 



CATALOGUE OF HELLENISTIC POTTERY. 93 

2082. Pear-shaped jug, like a wine-amphora, but with only one handle. 
H. 0-48. 

2083. Coarse long-bodied jug, pointed below, ribbed outside, with one 
small handle on the shoulder. [795.] H. 0-295. 

Handleless Bottles of the kind once known as Tear-bottles. 

2084. Body conical, flat base. H. 0-185. Cf. types of glass vessels, p. 102. 

2085. Pear-shaped, very large. H. 0-25. 

2086. Same shape, slenderer : brown mouth and black horizontal bands. 
[968.] H. 0-042. 

2087. Nearly globular: coarse black glaze. H. o-ii. Poli, 93, I. 

2088. Egg-shaped body: neck and foot alike in form : two rudimentary 
horizontal handles. H. 0-235. Poli, 41, II. 

2089. Dark grey clay: white bands: common at Salamis (0-R. 1880). 
H. 0-142. P^/z" (C. E. F.), E. 

2090. Dark grey clay : plain. [815.] H. 0-17. 

2091. Reddish clay. H. 0-152. Poli, 26, III. 

2092. Flatter shoulder. H. 0-055. Poli> 8, I. 
2092a. Heavier type. H. 0-18. P^)// (C. E. F.), I. 

2093. Dull red slip: shape like 2089, 2091. H. 0-162. 

2094. Grey: similar: broad lip and base. H. 0-265. Poli, 56,1. 

2095. Reddish clay. [797.] H. 0-265. 

2096. Form like 2090, only more regular: exactly like a lekythos 
from Salamis : small : very rough. H. 0-09. 

Similar forms with two handles from rim to shoulder. 

2097. Pointed below : coarse ribbed ware : handle and foot red, also 
red stripes around shoulder and body. H. 0-26. 

2099. With standing base : white ware. H. 0-232. Poli,z\if,\\. 

2098. With standing base : reddish ware with bands of glossy red 
paint. Poli (C. E. F.), J. 

Red ware with bright red glossy slip. Cf. Brit. C 390-95. 
(a) Ojie hajidle. 
2100-2101. Globular jug. 2100, H. o- 16. [953.] 2101, H. 0-145. 

2102. Sloping shoulders : impressed basket ornament. [692.] 

2103. Sloping shoulder : higher base. [907.] H. 0-157. 

2104. Similar: coarser ware. H. o-i8. 

2105. Similar: blackish. H. 0-162. 

2106. Nearly flat shoulder: angular handle. H, 0-182. 

2107. Similar. [962.] H. 0-236. 

2108. Wide neck. H. o-i8. Amaihns, 41. 

2109. Body angular. H. 0-145. A?>iathus, 41. 

2110. Flat shoulder : upright sides ; cream-coloured ware : red rim and 
bands on shoulder. H. 0-17. Amathus, 28^. 

(^) Two handles. 

2111. Shaped like 2103. H. 0-29. 

2112. Similar: band of impressed ornament. H. 0-288. 'V'>.'V|^f>-r 
2112a. Similar: shape like 2080 but discoloured. H. 0-215. Poli, 41,1. 

' Aretine ' or * Samian ' red ware : probably all imported. 

2113. Large flat plate with base-ring : low upright rim, with egg-and- 
dart moulding impressed outside. D. 0-51. Katydata-Linu, 1883. 



94 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

2114. Similar, smaller : alternate dolphins and rosettes in relief outside. 
D. o-ir)2. The same locality and the same excavation. 

2115. Similar fine fabric: rudimentary handle ornament C/^^<D . twice 
outside: maker's mark VILLI in the impression of a human foot. 
D. 0182. 



2116. Base of sill ilar : maker's mark [" !! , D. 010 




Sulaf/i/'s. Site D. [J. H. S. xii. 92, fig.]. 

2117. Saucer with slanting sides and flat rim. D. o-i66, H. 0-025. 

2118. Similar, without rim. D. 0-121, H. 0-02. [471.] Katy data- Linn, 
188.-5. 

2118 a. Small, accurately worked plate : two holes are bored horizontally 
into the foot. D. 0-063, II- 00 1- 

2119. Bowl with distinct rim : rings of impressed dots. H. 0-065, D- O" lo- 

2120. Deep bowl on narrow foot with handles : coarse w-are. D. (from 
handle to handle) 0-15, H. 0-06. A. P. di Cesnola, 1878. Salami's. 

2121. Similar coarse blackened ware. D. (handle to handle) 0163, 
H. 0-065. 

Imitation of native forms. --T^' 

2iSO-9m I S^^^P^ I'^^ 'f<^23, but taller. H. 0-153-0-206. 

2126. Bowl like 929. Poll (C. E. F.), O. 

2127. Deep bowl on foot. 

212s. With tall concave rim. Amalhus, 282. 

2129. Similar. H. 0-078, D. 0-105. P^/?' (C. E. F.), S. 

2132. Lamp filler, shape like 1689. H. 0-085. A. P. di Cesnola, 1878. 

2133. Lamp filler : blackened ware. H. 0-073. Amathus, 120. 

2134. Deep bowl with low upright rim : two loop handles on shoulder, 
and tubular spout in front. H. 0-15. 

2135. 'Bottle-jug' like 1023. [831.] H. 0-127. 

2138, 'Bottle-jug' like 1025: coarse black glaze. H. o-ii. 
2137-2138. Small coarse jugs of similar form. 2137, H. 0-78. 2138, 

H. 0-065. 

2139. Shaped like 983 : very coarse. H. 0-087. 
2140-2141. Krater like 1635 : small [833]. H. 0-08. 

2142. Jug with oval body and narrow neck. H. 0-095. A. P. di Cesnola, 
1878. Salami's. 

2143. Like 2019. H. 0-051. 7^^// (C. E. F.), O. 

2144. Like 2019: coarse bhck slip. H. 0-051. Poll {C. E. F.), O. 

2145. Like 2019: taller. H. 0065. 

2146. Small model of a bird-cage or portable brazier, with handle above, 
and one hole in the side. H. 0-07. (Cf. A. P. di Cesnola, Salaminia, 
PI. XX. 18,20: Ashm.Mus.: S. Kens. Mus. 311, 1883.) A?na//iiis, 128. 

Tjrpical forms of other materials copied in earthenware. 

(a) AlabasliK. Cf alabaster vases 2401 ff. A sp. in Cambr., Fitzw. 
Mus. {Papho), imitates the banded alabaster in red slip. 

2147. Fine Samian red ware, like 2101. H. 0-12. Amalhus, 130. 

2148. Cream-coloured clay: long neck. [843.] H. 0-151. ^«rw«, 1884. 

2149. Cream-coloured clay : spindle-shape. H. 0-195. 



CATALOGUE OF HELLENISTIC POTTERY : STAMPS. 



95 



2155. Like 2613 : clay and varnisli 
like 2152 and 2153. H. 0-13. 

2156. Like 2757. H. 0-057. 

2157. Like 2781 : very thin fine 
clay. H. o-o8. Kmion, 1884. 

2158. Like 2768: very thin fine 
clay. H. 0-099. 



per- 
Cf. 



(3) Glass. 
2150: Tike 2677. H. 0-158. 

2151. Like 2575. H.o- 15. ^t;/. 13. 

2152. Like 2554 : neck varnished 
black. H. 0-138. 

2153. Like 2634 : black painted 
neck. [908.] H. 0-12. 

2154. Like 2619. H. 0-14. 

Miscellaneous. 
2159-2161. Tomb Group found isolated in the north-east corner of 
the Bronze Age necropolis. Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 12. 

2159. One-handled jug ; cf. 2116. H. 0-163. 

2160. Amphora: form between 2071 and 2112. H. 0-135. 

2161. Amphora: form between 2041 and 2071. H. 0-258. 
2163-2164. Child's rattle : barrel-shaped, with pig's face : eyes 

forated : brownish varnish. L. 0-122-0-13, H. 0-065-0-082. 
0-R. Mitth. Ath. vi. p. 244. 

2165. Similar : goat's head and handle over back above : hole behind 
handle, and spout above : brownish varnish. L. 0-18, H. 0-137. Cf. 
Cesnola, Salaminia, PI. xx. 14. 

2166. Hemispherical bowl with flattened base : brownish slip : inside, 
ivy wreath and rings in white paint. [1075.] D. 0-113, H. 0-045. 

STAMPS ON HANDLES OF AMPHORAE. 

These are chiefly Rhodian^ : the letters are in relief except on 2338 : 

presented by the late Mr. D. Pierides of Larnaka. 

The sign ] [ means that the handle is broken : /// that the letters are effaced or 
mis-struck : * refers to PI. VIII : f to stamps noted by Dumonl ; 'Rev. Arch.' 1873, i. 
317 ff. 

A. Circular : Rhodian flower, as on coins : lettering in a border 
round it, generally to be read from within the circle. Cf. J. H. S. 
xii. 326. 

(a) Names of magistrate and month : filling the whole circle. 
(/3) INIaker's or vendor's name : above the flower. 

2201. EHI APATO(t)ANEYI AfPIANOY 
2202t. EHI AlN/[ K]APNEIOY 

2203. [Eni]<D[A]NO<t)ANTOY ZMIN[eiOY] Written left to right 
on die, to be read from without the circle. 

2204. ZA//MIAZYETAPKOXPA[inE] = 'EnX'ApxoKpirtvs At/x//ay. 
EYEninA[ 2213. EA//// 
APXO[ ]AMIOY[ 2214-2214a. XPHZIMOY 

////POTIKP//IN//N0Z///// 2215. ///ATAKAEO/// 
JZniHPIA/// 2216. ///AZ/// 



2205. 

2206. 

2207. 

2208. 

2209. 

2210. 

221lt. 

2212t. 



Eni]AYzinno[Y. 

///AAMONA/// 
AAMOKPATEYZ 
EAAANIKOY 



2216. 
2217. 
2218. 
2219. 
2220t. innOKPATEYZ 



///ENEYZ/// 

AAM/// 

A]PIZT/// 



' So also are those in Turin 
Mus. (Cesn. Coll.\ and one 
from Salamis (Site D.). J. H. S. 
xii. 141 (a) ; and one from Poll 
in Fitzw. Mus. ^b) : cf C. M. 
2024. 



a. 




EHIEYHqA 

v\o\o////rv\ 

H T/////IM.AI 



96 



CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



B. Rectangular stamp : same foi-mula : magistrates in alpha- 
betical order. 



2231. 



* 


En"iEPEnz 

AP IIinNOZ 
A TTAMITIOY 



* A bruise in the clay, affect- 
ing the adjacent letters. 



2232. 



2236. 



2237. 



2238. 



2239. 



2240. 



2242. 



2243. 



En//AAE 

Zl AAA 
BPOMIOY 



„„qo ElHAPIZTArOPA 
^^^^ JAIOY 



2234 EHIJAPIZTEI 
AAKAPNEIOY 



2235. E]niAPX//AAI 

//M////OY 



EHIATHZinnO/// 

///ONEYZ/// 



EHIAAMOeEMIOZ 

HA///////////// 



EniAAMIAI 

NETOY 
YAKINeiOY 



E n I [ A A ] M 

K P A T E Y Z 

eEZM[Oct)OPIOJY 



EniEPnNoz 

YAK I NIOY 



oo., ///'KA/// 
2241. ///MEYZ 

KAPJNEIOY 



EnilKPE///// 
0E //////// NO Y 



EHINIKAZATOY 
ZMINGIOY 



2244. 



2245. 



2246. 



2247. 



2248. 



2249. 



2250. 



2251. 



2252. 



2253. 



ErH]NIKAZ|ATOY 
AjnAMITI[OY 



EniZENOZTPATOY 

////// 



EniZENO<J)AN 

TOY 
YAKIN0IOY 



E]nizn 

KPATOJY 

//////// 



EniTIMO 

AIKOY 

AAAOY 



///IE 
] NEYZ 
JIZIOY 



Eni//[ 
BAnf 



ETTTAr 
/ TIOZ 



C TO 

Y 

AMOY 




cf. 2248. 



2254. Knidian amphora. 



EniEPMOOAN 

T[OY]AIONY<J?Y 
KNIAI £ 



2255. 



KN/// 

cn/// 

OP/// 

APIC[ 



CATALOGUE OF STAMPED HANDLES OF AMPHORAE. 



97 



C. Magistrate's name and symbol. 



2261. 



rayed 
head of En////n 
Helios AAMOY 
f right. 



2262 t. 



• '^'"^ E n I K A E 
St?;. nHYMOY 



D. Name in genitive : sometimes that of a month. 
2266. AMM///: cf.t(inawreath). 



2267. ]A MrPI OY 

2268. AMYNTA 

2269. ANAPIKOY 



2270. 



////////////A 
ANTI0ANOYZ 



2271. BOIIhOY 

2272. BPOMIOY 

2273. BPOMIO[Y] 

2273a. .? BPOAA ?IOY 

doubtful) 

2274. BP//[ 

2275. AAMOM[ 

2276. EflA//// 

2277. jNina 

2278. EPMIA//// 



(B-M 



[40] 



2279. 



2280 t. 



2281. 



HP //////A 
E M I Y 



eE2M///// 
EHirON///// 



eE//// 

/////A MO// 



2282-2283. 



KPEON 
TOZ 



2284 t. 



MANIC[M 
APIOC 



2285. 



YAKINOY 
MAPZYA 



2286. MNAZnN 

2287. ///MAA/// 

2288. NA///I02 

2289. MIKM + 0[Y] 



2290. 



2291. 



2292. 



2295. 



noA/// 

/////// 



2296. ]PAZ 

2297. ZHNA[ 

2298. 2T/// 



2299. 



]noN 

E]YZ 



2301. ]M[AI]OY 
2302 2303. hopeless. 



E. Name in genitive : with trade-mark. 



2310. 



AYM/// J 



2311 1. AMYNTA. Wreath. 



2312. 



AMXIH 

losebud 

V//VV//// 



Y 

NA 
OY 










M.MIT 
ATIA 








ZENO///// 
ArP[IANOY 



2293. riAMAiMOY 

2294. HAYZANIA [28] 



H 



98 



CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



2313. 



ANAPIKOY 

caduceus 



2314-2315. 



2316t. 



ANTIMAXOY 

caduceus 



2321. 



2322. 



Ml A A grape 
caduceus : cluster 



[Ml A] A grape 
caduceus : cluster 



>k 


M 


>k 


APIZTAPXOY 


)tc 


Z 


^ 



^^^^ OM//////KOY 



The letters in the field are doubtful. 
2317. 



AP[iZTi]nnoY 

dolphin to right 



2324. 



caduceus 
upright : 



jZMIOS 

long-handled axe 



2318 1. 



2319. 



2320. 



)tc 


5tC 


APIZTOKPATEYZ 


>< 


Xc 



2325t-25a. ZnKPATEYZ torch 



2326. 



AIZKOY kantharos 



crossed 
coinu- 



T[IMJAPA 



copiae ^"^ ^3^4 



TOY 



//// 
EPMIA 



N.B. — With these cf. the Ceccaldi collection of Cypriote 
examples published by Dumont, 'Rev. Arch.' 1873, i. 3i7ff. 
= Melanges d'Arch. et d'Epigr. (1S92), xxi. 160 ff. Cf. 
also Fabretti, ' Bull. Inst, di Roma,' 1S70, p. 203. 

* refers to Plate VIII. 
The letters and 



F. Initials, monograms, and devices 
2331*. Within an erect oval, A above 2342*-2344* 



a heart-shaped symbol. 

2332. 3- ? Knidian trident. 

2333. ////AAMINY//// written 
round within a circle, to be 
read from within. 

2334. HP monogram, in a circle. 



A-N (monogram), variously 
arranged. 2342 adds a lotos- 
bud. 
2345-2350. In a square stamp : — 

2345*. Probably 'oXv/xTTt'ou. 

2346-2347. O within fl. 

2348. A within fl. 

2349. n. 

2350. P retrograde. 
2351*. Monogram M-V (.?) in a 

rounded rectangle. 

2352*. Circle divided into four quad- 
rants : Z in top left, P bottom 
right. 

2353*. Monogram in an upright 
rectangle. ^i<\n 

2354*. Ahnost illegible. 

2355. ? Young head to left': in 

2339. NV/,//V///NTO$ written square. 

round within a circle, to be 2356. Warrior with spear, charging 
read from without. to left. Impression from a 

2340. Similar circle with central ^^"''^^ ^^^^S^'O ^^"^ 



2335 t. 


AY 






2336. 


AY 

1 






2337. 


MA 






2338. 


MO 



ring, and traces of letters. 



2341. 



oA 



2357. Amf)hora, outlined. 
2358-2362. Illegible : various. 
2362. The broad rim of a large 
vessel: stamp illegible. 



VASES OF ALABASTER. 



In Egypt these vases are found commonly in nearly all periods, and it 
is probable that their use was introduced thence into Cyprus, where 
alabaster is plentiful and of fair quality, though not of the finest banded ^, ,*/! 
variety. Those of the latter, which have been found in Cyprus, are 
almost certainly Egyptian. The most characteristic and only early shape 
derives its name from the material : amphorae with small curled handles 
on a spindle-shaped body, and other forms copied from pottery, were 
certainly made under Greek influence, and do not often occur in the 
striped Egyptian material. The earliest alabastra found in Cyprus are = A-^ 
from sixth-century tombs ^ : the latest are of uncertain Hellenistic date. [ "* 

Alabastra. 

(a) Nearly cylindrical : roimded below : broad lip above. 

2401-2403. Colossal specimens of very thick fabric. 2402 is of 
a peculiar black-flaked variety. [801-803.] 

2404. Tamassos. 

2405. Kuklia. 

2406. Poli{C.Y.Y.). 



2407. 
2408 
2409 
2410. 
2411. 



III. 



II. 



2414. 


(?) 


2415. 


Poli (C. E. F.), D. 


2416. 


Poh\ F. 13. 


2417. 


"806.] 


2418. 


Ta?}iassos. 


2419. 


A. P. di Cesnola, 1878. 


2420. 


Warren, 335.] 


2421. 


Poli, 72, II. 


2432. 


No neck or rim. 



2441. Poli, 117,1. 



Poli, 20, 
[807.] 

Amathus, 207. 
Poli (C. E. F.), B. 
Poli (C. E. F.), G. 
2412-2413. Kuklia. 

{$) Unusual shapes. 
2431. Pointed below. 

(y) Imitations in other materials. 
2441-2444. Limestone. 
2446. Clay. Cp. 2 147-2 149. 

Amphorae. 

2451-2460. With small curled handles on a spindle-shaped body. 
Hellenistic. 

Miscellaneous forms. 

2461. Rimless, nearly cylindrical, with four handles on a curved 

shoulder. 
2471-2472. Saucers with four flat rectangular projections on the rim : 

often found with grinders in the shape of a bent finger : probably 

used to prepare rouge. [809-810.] 
2481. Bowl on conical foot. 
2491. Stone vessel with conical body and long, wide, cylindrical neck : 

a [pair of] lions on the neck as handles. Kuklia, 19. 
Cf specimens in Tomb Groups, p. 173 ff., and Spindlewhorls, p. 55. 

' But alabaster vases were found in 1896 in the Mykenaean necropolis at Salamis 
(Tomb Groups 25, 43, 59, 78, 82, 94, 96, p. 184 ff.). 

H 2 



Vd 



f 



GLASS. 

Phoenicia is popularly j-upposcd to have been the great centre of the 
glass industry in anliquily. I'he earliest factories and deposits of glass, 
however, which have been discovered hitherto, are in Egypt, and extend 
back to the Iwelfth, dynasty, where they are already fully developed ; 
while the indigenous glazed-porcelain industry points to a probably even 
earlier date for this kindred art. Meanwhile, glass factories have not yet 
been determined for any period in Phoenicia, nor are Phoenician sites 
notable for abundant deposits of glass in tombs. 

On the other hand, glass even of good quality is found, though rarely, 
in Bronze Age tombs in Cyprus (Introd. p. 15); and it is obvious that 
the unavoidable occurrence of vitreous slag in metal smelting might well 
have suggested the art of glass-working at a very early period. 

The glass and glass paste ornaments which are characteristic of the 
later Mykenaean Age are of quite different quality from the Cypriote, 
and are always cast ; whereas the latter are almost always rolled or 
modelled. 

It is, however, evident from the similarity of the fabrics, that the coarse 
glass beads which begin to be common in early Greek and Italian tombs 
jin the ninth and eighth centuries, are closely related to, if not derived 
from the same source as, the Cypriote. The knowledge of them was 
very probably spread, in part at least, by Phoenician traders ; so that the 
Greek tradition may well be valid as regards the immediate provenance of 
the first glass seen in sub-IMykenaean Hellas. 

The magnificent vases of coloured opaque glass of the sixth century 
are very rare in Cypriote tombs, and there is no evidence that they were 
ever ma^e"^ Tn Cyprus : Rhodes and Naukratis are the most probable 
centres of the manufacturer 

Gjass, in fact, does not become common at all in Cypriote tombs until 
the later Ptolemaic Age, when all the common types of cast opaque glass 
and plain and coloured blown glass become very frequent. It is even 
possible that the plain blown glass dales wholly from the Roman period. '" 
Then- iridescent surface is of course due to partial disintegration of the 
glass, and this depends upon exposure, in the earth, to damp and 
oxidation. 

A Hellenistic or Roman glass-factory was found at Tamassos by 0-R. 
in 1885, and specimens of the slag and waste droppings of the glass thence 
are exhibited in the Museum, No. 2999. (Chroniques, pp. 269, 295.) 

The principal fabrics are as follows : — 

A. Thick Opaque Glass, cast in sand over a sand-core and orna- 
mented with s{)iral threads of opaque coloured glass rolled into the 
molten surface : arched and waved lines were produced by drawing 
a sharp instrument down, or up and down, the sides of the vessel while 
siill viscid. There are three fabrics, quite distinct in form and colouring, 
and with an apparently unbroken interval of some centuries between them: 
they are — 



CATALOGUE OF GLASS. lOI 

I. The MyJienaean Fabric : closely resembling the xix Dyn. glass 

from Gurob in Egypt. TJnly at Enkomi {i%<)6, Brit. Mus.). 

II. The VI-V Century Fabric, of which the Cypriote specimens are 

indistinguishable from those of Kamiros. The technique is 
the same as that of the so-called Phoenician glass made in 
Egypt under the eighteenth and nineteenth dynasties ;^but 
the colours and forms are distinctive. 

III. TheTTellenistic Fabric : amphorae and alabastra of much coarser 

fabric, less opaque glass, and much less brilliant and tasteful 
colouring : black or brown ground frequent. This begins 
perhaps in Hellenistic times, but is commonly found with 
the Blown Glass B. 

B. Colourless Blown Glass : thin and transparent ; often found 
iridescent. The forms vary indefinitely, but the following styles prevail : — 
a. Bottles with flat base. b. One-handled jugs. c. Handleless bottles, 
pointed below, d. Bowls, e. Tumblers, f. Plates, g. Thicker glass 
bowls, hemispherical or conical. For analyses, v. Sandwith, ' Archaeologia,' 
xlv. p. 140. 

C. Coloured Blown Glass : dark blue, green, amber, or amethyst, 
or mixtures of these. 

D. "Welded Glass, composed of parti-coloured rods. 

E. Painted Glass, thin bowl covers of fabric B, with distemper 
painting on the under side. 

F. Toilet Articles of Variegated Glass (cf. D) complete the series ; 
namely — a. Stirring rods ; b. Needles ; c. Finger-rings. 



A. THICK GLASS CAST IN SAND, AND ORNAMENTED 

WITH SPIRAL THREADS ROLLED INTO THE 

MOLTEN SURFACE. 

II. Sixth Century Fabric. Cf Kamiros. 

2501. Small one-handled bottle, with pear-shaped body and short neck 
with rim : dark blue glass with yellow and white lines on shoulder, 
and zigzag white lines below. Poli, * 1 1 7, 1. Cf. Cambr., Fitzw. Mus., 
No. 90 {Poli, C. E. F.). 

2503. Fragments of a smooth spherical vessel of white porcelain with 
pale blue glaze. Afuathus, 293. 

III. Hellenistic Fabric. All from ^7;/ (7//»^j except 25 11 and 2536. 

a. Amphorae, pear-shaped body, long cylindrical neck and 
elaborately scrolled handles : bluish-black ground, with lines 
of the colovirs named; striations upwards, or downwards, or 
alternately. 

(a) With foot below. 

2511. Yellow: alternately. Soli. 

2512. Yellow and white : alternately. Atnathus, 19. 

(/3) With knob below. 

2513. Yellow and white : upwards. Amathiis, 290. Cf Cambr., Nos. 93, 
104 [Amathus). 



102 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

2514. Brown and white : upwards. Amalhtis, 21-^. 

2515. Brown and white : upwards. Ama//ius, 2S0. 

(y) Wider form with foot. 

2516. Light blue : irregularly. Amathus, 19. 

2517. Yellow: alternately. Amathus,22\. 

2518. Yellow: alternately. Arnathus, 18. 

b. Alabastx'a. 

(a) Foot below: two scrolled handles: lines white and yellow : striated 
alternately : handles as follows : — 

2520. Blue. Amathus, 41. Cf. Cambr., No. 84 {Poll). 

2522. Amber. Amathus, 2()0. 2524. Handles missing. Amathus, ^i. 

(p) Pointed below, handles rudimentary. 
(i) White lines striated upwards. 
2526. Amathus, 221. 2534. Amathus, t88. 

2530. Amathus, 224. 2535. [No. lost.] Green lip. 

2532. Amathus, 2^2. 

2528 (2). Yellow and white : striated alternately. Amathus, 130. 
2536 (3). Pale blue : striated alternately. Kurion, 1886. Cf. Cambr., 
No. 18 {Kurion): Lou. 8702. This sp. might be as early as the 
■ third century b.c. 

N. B. — A number of fragmentary and unrecorded specimens are omitted. 

B. THIN TRANSPARENT BLOWN GLASS : OFTEN 
IRIDESCENT THROUGH DECOMPOSITION. 

a. Bottles. 

(a) Long-necked: bodies of various shapes. 

2551-2552. Globular : short neck and heavy rim. 

2553-2563. Similar, diminishing in size to 0-03 m. 

2564-2566. Small, with rather squat body. 

2567-2600. Hemispherical or conical : tall neck with rim : many 

varieties. 
2601. Angular : flat shoulder. 
2602-2609. Body pressed flat ; neck long. 
2610-2611. Club-shaped in two stages. 
2612-2614. Neck pear-shaped. 

2615-2635. Thicker make : in series growing broader below. Cf. 2553 ff- 
2636-2670. Miscellaneous : very small specimens of preceding types. 

0) Short-7iecked. 

2671-2675. Funnel-shaped neck. 

2676-2679. Cyhndrical : wide lip and base. Cf. Cambr., Nos. 11, 26 
(yA?nathus). 

2680. Fluted body : funnel-shaped neck : opaque. 

2681. Similar: clear glass. 

2682-2683. Globular body : short neck : two scrolled handles. 

b. Jugs with one handle. 

(a) Cylindrical. 
2684. Short neck and no handle. 



CATALOGUE OF GLASS. 103 

2685. Similar: larger: one broad handle. Cf. Cambr., No. 112 {7re- 
771: thus). 

2686. Similar : shorter bodies. 
2687-2688. Similar : shorter necks. 

{0) Pear-shaped and globular. 

2689-2690. Squat, pear-shaped. 2691-2692. Globular : longer neck. 
2693-2699. Similar : smaller. Cf. Cambr., No. 92 (/a^^/zi^w). 
2700. Similar : raised band of glass on shoulder. 
2701-2702. Conical. 

2703. Like 2692, but with base-ring; very graceful specimen, finely 
iridescent. 

(7) Square and prismatic. 

2704, 2705. Six-sided body, blown in mould to represent a tortoise- 
shell. The British Museum has a specimen from same mould, 
bought in Syria, but probably of Cypriote fabric. 

2706. Without handle. 2707-2710. With one handle. 

2711-2712. Six-sided. 

c. Handleless Bottles, pointed below. 

2713. Pear-shaped. 2714-2715. Long and narrow. 

d. Bowls. 

2716-2718 a. Hemispherical, without rim. 

2719-2724. Hemispherical, with slight rim. CL St. Germain, 1^1 '^6. 
2725. Sides nearly upright; slight rim. 

2726-2732. Kymation outline, with base-ring. Cf. Cambr., Nos. 39 
(Idalion), 114 (Soli). 

2733. Taller, narrow mouthed, with distinct rim. Cf. Cambr., No. 21 
{Sala?7iis) : St. Ger77iai7i, 18021. 

2734. Kantharos, with deep upright sides : thick greenish glass. 

2735. Flat saucer. 

2736-2759. Varieties like 2716-2723. ;<. jLl'X ^3 , 

2760. Similar : sides upright : outward lips. 

2761-2766. Sides incurving above : successively taller and narrower. 

e. Tumblers. 

(a) Funnel-shaped. 

2767. With base-ring : kymation outline. 

2768, 2769, 2769 a. Plain sides : wider above. Confiscated at Kophino 
and presented by the Commissioner of Larnaka, 1894. 

(3) Sides pressed in so as to be square in section. 
2niQ. Tall, funnel-shaped : eleven deep flutings. KBH. Ixv. Soli. 
2,11\-1Q. Four concave sides : successively shorter and broader. i-C^^A^ 
2780. Six sides. 2781. Eight sides. 

2782. Four transverse depressions. Cf. St. Germai7i, 32669 [Sidofi). 

f. Plates, large and flat, with rim. 

2783-2788. Circular : cf. Larnaka {Turabi), 22-35*, and Cambr., No. 55 
{^Idalion). 2789. Oval. 

g. Thick glass bowls, hemispherical or conical. 

2790-2794. Plain. 2792. A"z^rzb«, 1886. Cf. Cambr., Nos. i (^7;/a/-^«j), 
31 {Salamis), 32 i^Ka/passia). 



I04 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

2795-2796. Coarsely reeded. 

2797-2798. A j^air : shallow, with plain ujiright rim: finely reeded 
below : translucent bluish glass. Cf. Canibr., No. 38 [Idalion). 

h. Miscellaneous. 

2799. Small pot \\\\\\ upright sides and broad flat rim. 

2800. Similar : smaller, with perforated cover, like an inkstand, and one 
handle. KBH. Ixv. Soli. Cf. sp. without handle in Rugby School 
Museum : pres. by Mr. C. D. Cobham \Kition?\ 

C. COLOURED BLOWN GLASS. 

Dark blue, transparejit. 

2801. Hemispherical bowl, like 2791. Cf. Cambr., No. 8 {Tamassos). 
2802-2806. Small bottles, like 2560 ff., 2565 ff. Cf. KBH. Ixv, and 

Cambr., No. 70 {Salatnis): Louvre {Myrina), 477. 

2807. Slenderpointedbotile, like 2714. Cf. Cambr., No. 78: Lou.{id) ^■^o. 

2808. Narrow cylindrical bottle without lip and rounded below : middle 
third, of white glass : top and bottom thirds, of blue. KBH. Ixv. Soli. 

Blue, with white streaks. 

2809. Of shapes between 2713 and 2714. 

2810 a, b. Globular bottles. Larnaka (Turabi\ 22 a, 35 b. 

Dark green, transparent. 

2811. Hemispherical bowl, like 2791. Kurion, 1886. Cf. St. G. 15141. 
2812-2813. Small bottles, like 2561 ff. Cf. Cambr., No. 86 {Aphro- 

disiofi). 
2814-2819. Coarse, thick, plain: small bottles, like 2636 ff. 

2820. Coarse, thick, plain : like 2561. 

Aynber -coloured, trayispareni. 

2821. Like 2556. 2822-2823. Like 2625 ff. 
2824. Like 2614 (translucent). 2325-2826. Like 2714. 

2827. Like 2791. 

2828. Bowl with base- ring and upright sides, with projecting ring below. 

2829. Hemispherical bowl, deeper than above, only translucent. 

2830. Small bowl, like 2721, with base-ring and rim. 

2831. Deep cup with projecting ring, like 2828. 

Amber, translucent, zuith opaque white streaks. Cf. 2842 (blue). 

2832. Small globular bottle : neck broken. 

Thin, transparent glass bottles: pear-shaped, with graceful narrow neck: 
thin spiral line of opaque glass outside. 

2833. Amber, white line. Amathus. Cf. Cambr., No. 25 {Tremithus). 
2834-2837. White, white line. 2838. White, green line. 

2839. Blue, white line (fragmentary). Cf. Cambr., Nos. 65 (Golgoi), 77 
{Tremithi(s). 

Miscella7teous. 

2340-2841. Plain translucent bottles of form 2603 ff., but fluted : 

fragmentary. 
2842. Hemispherical bowl with base-ring and rim, translucent : blue 

glass with white opaque streaks. Cf. 2832 (amber). Amathus, 221. 



CATALOGUE OF GLASS. 105 

Amethyst-coloured, translucent, with opaque white wavy streaks. Cf. 
Cambr., No. 64 [Golgoi). 

2S43. Pillar-moulded bowl with rim. KBH. Ixv. Soli. 

2844. Similar: with opaque while streaks. Cf. Louvre [Myrina), 534: 

Larnaka [Turahi), 1894, 22. 
2845-2846. Amethyst : similar, plain. 
2847. Sliape like 2809, but with six concave sides. 



D. WELDED GLASS, COMPOSED OF PARTI-COLOURED 
RODS. ' MILLEFIORE GLASS.' 

2848. Bowl with tall foot : amber glass, with opaque yellow dashes : rim 
and foot edged with opaque spiral band of translucent dark blue and 
opaque white : fragments. [Shelf 376.] 

2849. Similar : greenish glass, with opaque pale green dashes : spiral 
band of same colour : fragments. [Id.] 

2850. Saucer : dark transparent blue ground : medley of composite rods 
and shreds of white and yellow. Larnaka {Turabi), 45. 

2851. Saucer : opaque blue with opaque white shreds. KBH. Ixv. Soli. 



E. PAINTED GLASS BOWL COVERS. 

Thin, transparent blown glass, apparently cut from the concave bottom 
of bottles like 2551 ff., and painted in blick outline on the convex (inner) 
side, with a white backing ; colours occasionally introduced, so as to 
show through the gloss. The painting flakes away very easily. Cf. 
Chroniques, pp. 268-9; J. H.S. ix (1888), p. 274 {Kuklia); Cambridge, 
Nos. 33 {Tremithus), 118 (Jdalion); A. P. di Cesnola, Salaminia, fig. 159. 

2861. Draped female figure, full face : left hand raised to lift the 
luxuriant hair; right, by side, seems to hold drapery. Figured 
Reinach, Chroniques d'Orient, p. 268 ; KBH. Ixvi. 5 (coloured). 
Kurion. 

2862. Draped and winged figure, nearly full face : right arm, across body, 
holds a wreath : left extended downwards towards a palm branch. 
Cf. (for the attitude), Reinach, Chroniques, p. 268; KBH. Ixvi. 4 
(coloured). 

2863. Draped youthful figure,, cut off at the waist : wreath on head : 
tinted red. 

2864. Nude female figure, full face : drapery over left arm : flowers in 
background, like 2866. 

2865. Much corroded : traces of drapery and flowers. 

2866. Nude female figure, like 2864. Figured Reinach, Chroniques, p. 268, 
I St figure; KBH. Ixvi. i (coloured); but much damaged since. 
Kurion. 

2867. Draped female figure, full face : holding foliage in extended left 
hand (cf. Reinach, Chroniques, p. 268, 6ih fig.; KBH. Ixvi. 6). 
Amathus, 218. 

2868. Apparently similar, much damaged. Amathus, 130. 

2869. Similar: representation almost wholly gone. Amathus, 4S. 
2870-2881. Similar : representations wholly gone. Old Collection. 



Io6 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

F. TOILET ARTICLES OF VARIEGATED GLASS (cf. D). 

2891-2895. Stirring rods of twisted glass with ring handle. 

White, except 2893, which is dark blue. Cf. Cambr., No. 56 (Ida/mi): 
Louvre {Myrifia), 538. 

2896-2900. Needles, with broad, flat, pointed eye-end, with spirals of 
opaque white : probably used as toilet-pencils to apply cosmetics. 
2899-2900, blue glass. KBH. Ixv. Soli. 

Finger-rings. 

2901. Cf. 4215: clear yellow with opaque yellow spiral: small round 
gem of blue glass. KBH. Ixv. Soli. 

2902. Bezel large and oval : white glass. Cf. Si. Germain, 15140. 
2903-2904. Bezel flat. KBII. Ixv. Soli. 

2905. Bezel concave, to hold a separate 'gem' which is missing. Cf. 
Cambr., Nos. 43 {Paphos: green glass gem like a watch-glass), 115 
{Aj)ialhus, 3 spp.), 121 {Amathus and Marion). 

4916. Yellow glass ring : blue * gem ' edged with yellow. 

4917. Yellow glass ring : brown ' gem.' Cf. Kurion, Tomb Group B. 
12 ; p. 182. 

4921. Glass ring with enormous flat bezel and blue glass gem. 

4922. Bezel smaller. 

4923. Hollow bezel for a lost glass gem. Poli., 25, II. 
4924-4926. Oval concave glass like a watch-glass : probably the ' gem ' 

of a similar ring. 4926. Nearly flat. 

2999. Fragments of glass and glass-slag from the furnace discovered at 
Tamassos. Reinach, Chroniques, p. 295. 



TERRACOTTAS. 



General Collection, including all, now in the Museum, which do not 
belong to Tomb Groups (q-v.) or Collections from Sanctuaries (5001- 
6200). For the principal types and fabrics v. Introduction, pp. 27-32. 

N. B. — A few stone statuettes are described under the terracotta types to which they 

belong. 

Nude female figures. 

(a) Both hands on breasts. 

3001. Very crudely moulded, without details. Akhna. 

3003. Egyptian style, flat-backed, with fringe of superfluous clay : heavy 
earrings, necklaces, armlets, and bracelets : red and black paint over 
white slip. Tamassos, M. A. 17. 

3005. Same type, very coarse native work. [440.] 

3007. Same type, less Egyptian influence. 

{b) Left hand by side, right supports left breast. 

3011. Native style with slight Egyptian influence : plaits of hair fall on 
shoulders : upper necklace of large beads, lower with large pendant 
disc. Salamis, ' Toiwiba' Site, April 18. 

3013. Very much worn and broken. Kalopsida {surface). 

(c) Right hand, in front of body, holds? a bird. Cf. 31 11. 

3015. Akhna. Presented, Avith the rest of the specimens marked Akhna, 
by Mr. C. D. Cobham, 1894. They are duplicates from the exca- 
vations of 1882. 

Flower-bearers. Draped : mostly female : right hand across 
body, often holding flowers : left by side or lifting drapery. Cf. 

types from Kamiros, Brit. B. n 8 ff". : Louvre [Rhodes), Henzey, T-C. 46-8. 

3017. Male, bearded : chiton foldless : arm slung in a fold of the upper 
garment. Akhna. ^ C. D, C. 

3019. Male, beardless : tall and narrow like 5003 (Voni) : chiton and 
arm as before : limestone. Salamis, ' Toumba'' Site, April 17. 

3021. Similar, headless : broader proportions : himation without folds, 
so that the border, cut in chevrons, hangs in front from left shoulder 
to right hip : arm as before. Salamis, ' Toumba ' Site, April 1 7. 

3023. ? Female : flat-backed : chiton foldless : arm as before. 

Amathus, 58. 

3025. Similar, holding a small bowl : limestone. 

3027. Female (headless) : right arm free, holding a flower : left holds 
drapery : limestone with traces of colour. Akhna i' C. D. C. 

3029. Flat-backed, holding a flower. Amathus, 58. 



Io8 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

3031. Female figure, well worked in the round, in chiton, himation, 
shoes, and pointed headdress : left hand holds flower : necklace of 
pendants : details and borders of tlrapery in red : swastikas on 
chiton : limestone. [443.] Cf. KBH. cciii. 3. Po/i {0-R. 1885). 

3032-3033. Similar, flat-backed terracotta: rosettes on headdress 
api)licd in relief: traces of red colour. Po//, 71, I. 

3035. Similar, more elaborate, on pedestal, modelled behind : the 
elbows project and draw forward the outer garments : right hand 
broken, but probably held a flower : conical cap, with a row of six 
large rosettes over the foreheatl: two wavy locks of hair fall on each 
shoulder : Cyjiriote type of features : hair and eyes painted in black : 
upper part of body (chiton ?) yellow : lower part (himation ?) and 
shoes purple-red : traces of bluish green on skirt of chiton. (J. H. S. 
xi. p. 52.) Po/i, B. 14. 

3037-3039. Similar: coarser work : traces of purple red. Poll, 13, I. 

3041. Similar : long curling hair : left hand draws drapery across the 
body. Po/i, 13, I. 

3043. Similar : flat-backed : right hand extended upwards in exhortation. 

Amathus, 28. 

3045-3047. Similar: cf 3041: work poor, moulded on base and back- 
ground. Poli (C.E.F.), B. Cf Pali, Tomb Group, 117, I. p. 174. 

Same type, gradually modified by Greek influence into figures 
of the style of Myrina or Tanagra, but probably of Cypriote 
fabric. 

3055. Poli, 72, I. 

3057. /W/, 88, II. Cf /^(?//, 75, I; iii,II; 142,11. 

3059. Wears a broad stephane, and a thick twisted lock falling on each 
shoulder : left hand supports folds of himation, right is laid on the 
breast with fingers upwards, still as if holding a flower : Hellenistic 
work. Poli, 142, II. 

3061. Figure of regular Greek style : hands in same position, but both 
enveloped in drapery. [426.] 

3062. Similar : the position of the hands reversed. 

3063 fif. Similar heads: one is in dark grey clay, like 3195. 

A. P.di C. 1878. 

' Votaries.' Standing female figures with both hands by sides. 

3071. Style like 301 1 ; broken below. Salamis," Toiimba Site, April 2\. 

3073. Similar. Akhna, iZ.Vt.C 

3074. Flat Cypriote style. Amathus, 251*. 

3075. Flat-backed Cypriote style: foldless chiton and headdress with 
flaps behind ears. Amathus, 186. 

3076. Boldly and simply cut in soft stone. Amathus, 91 '^. 

3077. Same motive in Greek style : caryatid pose : right knee slightly 
bent. Poli, 59, I. 

3079-3081. Similar : poor native copies : traces of red colour. 

Poli, III, II. 

Female figures with both arms extended outwards and 
upwards. 

3083. Cylindrical wheel-made body : head rudely modelled, with high 
headdress flat in front. Aniathus, 20. 



CATALOGUE OF TERRACOTTAS. I09 

3085. ' Snow-man ' technique : arms turned downwards. Ai^/ia, CD. C 

3087. ' Snow-man ' technique : wreath or cap added : arms broken : 
perhaps from a ring-dance. Akhna, C. D. C. 

3089. Bearded male figure in pointed cap: 'snow-man' technique: 
ears added : arms downwards : transversely perforated near base : 
red and black colour. Tamassos. 

3091. Female figure, moulded, in heavy veil and drapery : arms extended 
outwards and slightly forward. Probably a representation of a cult- 
statue. KBH. ccx. 20. [449.] Akhiia. 

3093. Female figure : drapery nearly foldless : Egyptian headdress and 
heavy necklaces. [981.] Patera or tympanum held over abdomen. 

Akhna. 

Nursing-mothers. Flat-backed stone statuettes of a heavily 
draped female figure seated in a chair with stout arms, holding 
an infant in tall pointed cap. Cf Brii. Mus. {Dali) : S. Kens. 
(432 1889). 
3095. Greek features: chair high-backed: figure in relief upon it. 

Cf. 5229 {Khytroi): St. Gennam, 15 166. Akhna .^ C. D. C. 

3097. Cypriote features: chair low-backed: stout figure. Cf 5223 

{Khylroi). Aniathus, 58. 

3099. Chair with high uprights : figure projecting. Poli, 134,11. 

3100. Head (perhaps of this type) with polos. [437.] 3100 a. Stone. 

Tambourine-players. 

3101. Flat fabric : tambourine held in left hand flat on breast. 

Akhra, C. D. C. 
3103. Similar: projecting roll-headdress: long pendants below ears: 

two necklaces : tambourine hanging from right hand. Ak/ina, C. D. C. 
3105. 'Snow-man' technique: headdress and ear-flaps added : tambourine 

held at arm's length. Ajuathits, 186. 

3107. Similar : tambourine held flat on breast : black and red paint : 

eyss painted on breasts. KBH. ccvi. 5. Kurion. 

3109. Like 3105: ruder: tambourine held lower. Amalhus, r86. 

3110. Similar. Amal/ucs, 251*. 

Bird-carriers. Cf. 5535 {Karnelargd) and 3015 above. 

3111. Same technique as 3103, but hollow: slightly archaic Greek 
features : necklaces and armlets : bird held by neck in right hand in 
front of body. [422.] 

3112. Female standing figure : late Greek type of features (strong chin) : 
polos and veil over it broken away : necklace of pendants : prominent 
breasts under sleeveless chiton : left hand below breast, supporting 
a peculiar ornament of discs, perhaps a dish of cakes : moulded : 
plain back : hollow. [424.] Cf. 5522-4 (A'a/z/f/c/r^a). 

Harp-players. 

3113-3115. Rectangular harp held on left arm and played with right : 
style like 3001. C^. ^^16 I A'ame/arga). KBH. xii. 1-3, 12. AkJuia? 

3117. Similar, smaller. Akhna? 

3119. Flat-backed, moulded : Greek double chiton : polos with veil under 
it: plectrum in right hand. [436.] Ahkna. 

3121. Polos : triangular lyre on right arm : red paint. KBH. ccii. 3. 
[4 2 8. J Kun'on. 



no CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

3123. Caricature of same type : comic actor seated, playing similar 
instrument. A. P. di Cesnola, 1878. 

Seated figures. Cf. the large portrait groups from Poli, 32 11 ff. 
3125. Heavily draped, veil over stephane : cloak falling over knees : 
Cypriote features : hands on knees: drapery red. Poli, 134, II. 

3127. Similar pose. Poli, 44, II. 

3129. Stephane, cheeks, chiton and chair-arms red on white slip. 

Poli, 30, III. 

3131. Riglit arm on breast: head missing. Poli, in, II. 

3132. Poli, T. G. 106, II. 

3133. Hellenistic style : two male figures on cushioned couch, in 
himation and high polos : that on the left holds on his knees a roll : 
that on the right a folding wax tablet. A. P. di Cesnola, 1878. Cf. 
fragment from Tarsus : Louvre {Salle Hf) (Langlois collection). 

3135. Hellenistic style : a bearded man with bare feet and heavy conical 
cap sits wrapped in himation, which he gathers together with his 
right : left on knee. [i,57-] 

3137. Cypriote style, modelled : ? bearded ? male figure in pointed cap 
with long flaps, and raised bands like 5555-6. (Kamelarga^, and 
garments with chevron-fringe like 3021 : thick boots fastened over 
ankles : right hand hangs by side : left, on breast under drapery, 
holds a spherical object. Tatnassos. 

Becumbent figures. 

3139. 'Snow-man' technique: left shoulder resting on two pillows: head 

missing. | =5833.] Salamis, ' Toumba'' Site, April 26. 

3141. Greek influence : moulded: on four-legged couch. Poli,\\\,\\. 

3143. Greek influence : moulded. Poli, 159,11. 

3144. Similar. Poli, 20, II. Cf. Poli, T. G. 106 (three specimens). 

3145. Group in ' snow-man ' technique : a woman grinding corn with a 
saddle-quern, like CM. 471-478: in front, a large vessel to hold 
the flour: a child, seated opposite, holds a sieve. [433-] [341 
(Warren) Tamassos.] Journ. Cypr. Stud. I. PL i. KBH. clxxiii. 
19 h. Cf. Diimmler, INIitth. Aih. xiii. 286. Taviassos. 

3147. Warrior ': ' snow-man ' technique : conical helmet : on left arm 
a round shield with pointed central boss (cf. that from Amathus 
(Cesn. Coll. N. Y.), KBH. cxlii. 5 b) : short sword in right hand. Cf. 
5541-5542 {Kamelarga). Tamassos, O. 

Temple-boy type. Cf. Vojti, 5112 ff. 

3151. Infant Herakles of wholly Hellenistic style, crouching on left 
knee and leaning on left hand, which holds by the head a snake 
coiled round the arm. (Fragmentary.) A. Cesnola, 1878. 

3153. Temple-boy on right knee : himation falling from neck behind 
and wrapped round loins and legs : right hand rests on a disc ? 

A. Cesnola, 1878. 

3155. Temple-boy on left knee, in pointed cap. Poli, 77. I. 

3156. Similar. Poli, *io6, II. 

3157. ? Female figure on left knee : pointed headdress : somewhat 
archaic style. Poli, 159, II. 

Miscellaneous Hellenistic motives. 
3161. HarpokraUs. Nude, on high seat : legs nearly straight : knees 



CATALOGUE OF TERRACOTTAS. Ill 

outwards : wavy hair gathered in top-knot : left holds bird by wings : 
right, in front of body, holds ? flower ? ladle. A. Ces?io/a, 1878. 

3163. IJros. Standing : wings spread : holds a bow in both hands : 
rough Hellenistic work. 

3165. Crouching on the back of a wreathed swan. [435-] 

A. Cesnola, 1878. 

3167. Seated astride a goat: both hands to right. A. Cesnola, 1878. 

3169. Two Erotes embracing : one has drapery on left arm : fine 
Hellenistic work, but much worn. Poll, 93, I. 

3171. Eros and Psyche. Ordinary Hellenistic motive. 

3173. Caricature of same motive by comic actors : grotesque group : 
female figure, in heavy pink drapery, supporting chin with right hand, 
turns away to right from grotesque male figure in red comic mask, 
yellow chiton, and pink himation from waist downwards, who is 
about to embrace her: broken below. KBH. ccviii. i. Kurion. 

Satyrs, cfr. 

3175. Nude Silenus, astride : 'snow-man ' technique : nose and crown of 
leaves with pendants added : right arm extended as if towards 
mouth : left hangs down : support like a third leg behind. 

3177. Nude satyric figure in comic mask, playing syrinx : limestone. 

Poll, 44, II. 

3179. Satyr, squatting, playing double flute : moulded. Poll, 93, I. 

3181-3183. Satyr, same pose, without flute. Pali, 146, II. 

Masks. Cf. Heuzey {Louvre), No. 82-3. 

3185. Archaic female head like those from Tanagra, but probably of 
Cypriote fabric. Poll, 142, III. 

3187. Tragic mask : eyes and mouth perforated : double fringe of 
dishevelled hair, coloured red : face yellowish brown. 

3189. Draped female figure: right on hips : left extended : head missing. 

Salamis, C. 21 M. 

3191. Similar : Tanagra type : hair drawn together on top of head : 
right by side, left on hip, both under drapery. [427.] 

3193. Similar: native clay, very fragmentary. Ajuathis, 189. 

3195. Nude female figure with luxuriant hair : apparently pregnant : 
left hand to head, elbow supported on right palm : dark grey clay 
(cf. Amathus, Brit. Mus. 94/1 1/1/303) with white slip. AfJialhtis, 296. 

3199. Hermes Koiirotrophos : nude, except himation fastened on left 
shoulder : right arm (broken) falls downwards and backw^ards : 
child on left arm, draped from waist. A. Cesnola, 1878. 

3200. Hermes. [Torso.] Poli,i: .Q. w-^. 

3201. Hermes ivith attributes of Herakles, or vice versa : cloak round 
shoulders, hanging behind and over bent left arm : caduceus in right. 

3203. IMale figure, standing, in very short chiton like 5901 ff". (Amargetti): 
twisted belt : himation from shoulders and bent left arm : right on 
hips, fingers spread : head missing, and attribution doubtful. 

Amathus, 28. 

3205. Nude male torso : right holds spindle-shaped thunderbolt : left 
retains drapery, which falls from left shoulder behind. 

3207. INIale figure, standing : head missing : himation about hips and 
hung over left arm, which rests on a column or tree and holds a 
bird : right on hip. A. Cesnola, 1878. 



112 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

Portrait figures, usually seated ; a wholly naturalistic type, 
almost confined to the necropolis of Marion (Poli) : modelled 
hollow in thin fragile grey clay ; with chalky white slip, and 
occasional traces of colour. Fourth century onwards. KBH. 
clxxxvi-clxxxvii. 

(a) Young male figure in chiton and Iiimaiion, seated on chair, generally 
high-backed : both hands in lap. Cf. Brit. INIus. C 155. 

3211. Wreath of leaves in hair. 

3213. Ilair in fillet : small female figure stands by right side of chair. 
3215. Hair short and loose : rather fuller features. 
3217. [Head missing] : left hand rests on a small bird. 
3219-3223. Head and arms missing. 

3225. Hair or stephane high on forehead and crowned with leaves : veil 
over all. 

{b) Female figures, similarly seated. 

3227. Holding very small child on left arm = J. H. S. xii. p. 324-5, fig. 6. 
3229. Holding child on right arm : fragmentary. 

3231. Youthful features : wavy hair under veil, which is drawn round 
across lap and held in right hand : head bent and leaning on left 
arm, which is enveloped to wrist in veil. Poli, 72, H. 

3232. Head of similar figure. Poli, T. G. 26, I. 

(c) Male figures recumbent on left elbow oti couch with cushions. 

3233. Bearded : crowned with wreath : couch quite plain. Cf. Brit. 
INIus. C 156. 

3235. [Head missing] : couch has legs : a small stool projects in front 
near the foot, on which are the feet of a small [missing] figure. Cf. 
Brit. i\Ius. C 154. 

3245. Frieze in high relief from the front of a similar couch : — figures 
from left to right as follows: — (i) draped female figure: tree with 
(2) small figure in branches, and (3) another on right side of it 
below, facing (i): (4) draped female figure, full face, looking up 
at (2) in the tree: (5), (6) similar figures, full face; right hand slung 
in fold of drapery, left concealed by side ; between them a palm 
tree : (6) looks away to left at [something missing] : there was 
apparently room for two more figures on the broken part. 

3246. Fragment of a similar figure in stone : fiat-backed : a small child 
lies in front of the larger figure. 

(yd) Various types in the same technique. 

3247. Female figure, standing, on square pedestal : left hand raised to 
the head : right holds drapery. 

3248. Similar : both hands concealed in girdle folds. 

3249. Male figure, nude, standing : oenochoe in right hand [torso], 
£250. Male figure, in short chiton [lower part]. 

N. B. — Thirteen male and three female heads of this class are not catalogued. 

Birds, moulded. 

3251-3255. Doves. 3251. A. Cesnola, 1878. 3253. Poli, 61, I. 

3255. 20, II. 3256. F. G. 26, I. 

3257. Swan. Poli, 20, l\. 3259. Cock. Poli, 20,ll. KBH, ex. 6. 



CATALOGUE OF TERRACOTTAS. I13 

Birds : * snow-man ' technique. 

3261. Amaihus, 2"]^. 3265. Salami's, ^ Totimba' 

3262. Amaihus, 251. 3267. Poli, 28, III. 
3263-3264. Amathus, 275. 3269-3271. Tamassos. 

3273. Bird : roughly cut in stone. Poli, F. 25. 

3275-3276. Small birds from the edge of a cup. ? Bronze Age. 

3277. Tortoise: moulded: white slip : found with 3255-7-9. Cf. Brit. 
]\Ius. B 211-13. Poli, 20, II. 

3281. Dog :' snow-man ' technique. Poli, C.'E.Y. 26. 

3283. Moulded : seated. Poli, 39, III. 

3284. Moulded. Poli, T. G. 106, II. 

3285. Shaggy coat: moulded. [422.] 

3287. Shaggy coat: modelled. Pc?//, K. 36. 

3288-3289. Lion : modelled. Poli, T. G. 106, l\. 
3290-1. INIoulded. Poli, *2 6, I. 

Horsemen : ' snow-man ' technique. Cf. Louvre, Heuzey, T-C. 
No. 48, PI. X. 3. 

3293. Poli, 127, I. 3301. Ajnathis, 173. 

3294. Poli, *ii7, I. 3302. Amathus, 158. 

3295. /"o/z; C. E. F. 36. 3303. Amathus, 2^^. 
3297. Poli, 61, I. 3304. Amathus, 251. 
3299. Amathus, 275. 3305. Amathus, 47. 

Stable groups: ' snow-man' technique : two horses stand side by side, 
with their fore and hind feet on narrow transverse bases. In front of 
them a groom, who — Cf. Louvre, Heuzey, T-C. No. 188, 

and Hake, S. Kens. MS. Report. 
3301. Oifers them corn in a flat basket : red and black geometrical 

ornament. 
3303. Raises his arms to lead them : he is girt with a sword of Early 
Iron Age (Dipylon) type. The horses' manes are tied in knots, as 
on -Assyrian reliefs and late Mykenaean vases (Furtw. and Loeschke, 
M. V. 429 a: Schl. Tiryns, PL xv). Harness is indicated by 
applied strips of clay. 

Horses: 'snow-man' technique: details added on 3309-3317. 

3307. Amathus, 12. 3309. Poli, Q.Y..V . i^. 

3311-3313-3315. Amathus, 20. 

3317. Bridle and fringed collar : cf. 6013 {Tamassos). 

Oxen: 'snow-man' technique except 3321. 
3321. Bronze Age 'base-ring' fabric [v. p. 49]. 3323. Amathus, 47. 

3325-3327. Rosette between horns. Amathus, i%6-\ 16. 

3328. Goat [head only]. Poli, *44, II. 

3329. Pig: 'plate-technique,' cf. Amathus, 297: the feet stand on a 
base. Poli, F. 31. 

3331. Ass : laden with basket panniers, such as are still in use : pkte- 
technique. Cf. Liverpool, 9/3/97/4. A. Cesnola, 1878. 



114 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

3337-3339. Ram : in stone, naturalistic style : support between legs 
coloured red : cf. KBH, ex. 5. 3337. Amaihus, 305. 3339. 

[Head only]. Salatnis, ' Loutron ' Site. 

Carts : ' snow-man ' technique : red and black paint. Cf. Brit. Mus. 
{Amathus), several spp.: Louvre, Heuzey, T-C. No. 33-4- 

3341. With arched cover, socket for pole, and seat for driver. 

Tamassos, A. 4. 

3342. With low square body on broad frame. Amathus, 186. 

3343. Open at back and front, wheels missing. Ainathus, 181. 
3345. Like 3342, smaller, wheels missing. Amathus, 157. 

Boats: 'snow-man' technique: almost confined to Amathus. KBH. cxlv. 

3351. Aplustre on stern : one seat in bow and stern : dolphin prow with 

black eyes. Amathus, ir^i. 

3353. Similar, plain and unpainted. Amathus, 27. 

3355. Very rude. Salamis, C. 24 j. 

3357-9. Bells with holes to suspend clapper. 3357. [879.] 

3361. Pomegranate. CL Lotivre {Myrttia), j^o-j. Foh',*ii'j, I. 



BRONZE OBJECTS. 

* denotes that the object is exhibited with the Tomb Group to which it belongs. 

Cauldrons, bowls, and other vessels. 

3501. Cauldron with nearly upright sides and loops on each side for 
a pair of swinging handles. D. 0-462, H. 0-20. 

Tamassos, A. 12 (MS. Inv.). 

3502. Bowl \v\i\\ one ring handle. D. 0-265, ^- 0-07. Tamassos. 

3503. Bowl with one swinging handle ; the rim is strengthened for 
nearly half the circumference. D. 0-274, H. 0-04. Tamassos. 

3504. Bowl with ring handles. Tamassos. 

3505. Bowl with three ring handles. Poll, C.E. F. 

3506. Bowl with two handles. Poll, *2 6, I. 

3510. Bowl, handleless. Amaihus, 21^*. 

3511. Bowl, handleless, shallow. Tamassos. 

3512. Patera with broad rim. Tamassos, A. 12 (MS. Inv.). 

3513. Hemispherical bowl. D. 0-185, H. 0-082. 

Larnaka {Turabi, 1894, 34). 

3514. Hemispherical bowl with omphalos. D. 0-138, H. 0-03. 

Amaihus, 98. 

3515. Hemispherical bowl with incurved rim. D. 0-12, H. 0-05. O.C. 
3517. Hemispherical bowl with distinct rim and omphalos. D. 0-12, 

H. 0-045. Idalion, 26. 

3519. Hemispherical bowl, deeper, plain. D, o-ioi, H. 0-068. 

Poll, II. 15. 
3521. Bowl of two thicknesses of metal, plain within, reeded without : 

deep expanding rim. D. 0-134, H. 0-062. Idalion, 26. 

3523. Bowl with single plain body. D. 0-12, H. 0-062. Poll, III. 18. 

3524. Bowl, conical, pointed below. D. 0-06, H. 0-031. Poll. 

3528. Bowl, nearly flat, with fastening of missing foot on under side. 
D. 0-114, H. 0-012. Poll. 

3529. Bowl, fluted. D. 0-135, H. 0-025. Kurion, 1884. 
3531. AjV/x with curled handles and low foot. D. (across handles) 0-15, 

H. 0-054. Tomb near Ag. Hermogenis. Kurion, 1884. 

3535. Neck of a large lekythos : found intact, 1889, in 'Royal Grave' 

IV. II, since broken. H. o-ii. [not in MS. Inv.] Tamassos. 

3537. Oenochoe with conical neck and strongly pinched lip. Cf. 107 1. 

H. 0-212. Tamassos, A. 12 (MS. Inv.). 

3539. Jug with smooth lip and rising handle. Poll, *26, I. 

3541-3554. Small vessels with hemispherical body, and a flat top with 

small round central hole closed by a cover, which is attached by a 

chain to the swinging bucket-handle. D. 0-05-0-10, H. 0-025-0-05. 

3545. Amaihus, 58. 3549. Amaihus, 186. 3553. Amaihus, 

290 (lid only). 

1 2 



Il6 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE, 

3555. Nearly flat covers with central handle. D. 0-082, H. (of handle) 

002.1. 

3557-3559. Similar. Larnaka {Turabt, 1894, 45). 

3561-3568. Small cylindrical boxes with close-fitting cover. D. 0-017- 

001 3, II. 0055-0-032. Cf. Cesn. Salaminia, fig. 56. 
3571. Handle of large oenochoe : cf. 3537 : of two parallel rolls like 

those of the native pottery. H. 0-135. 
3573. Fragment of broad, flat, moulded handle. Breadth 0-03. 
3575. Round ca]) with socket on under side, and a projecting arm at one 

side which bears a large plane- or vine-leaf at right angles : of 

uncertain use : perhaps a bracket for a lamp : similar brackets still 

in use. [0-R.] L. of leaf, o-io; of arm, 0-089. 
3577. Similar object : support, L. 0-08 : the arm bears a transverse bar 

(L. 0-081) with two square perforations (D. 0-024). 
3579 ff. Handles of bowls, &c. 3583. Kuklia. 

Cyathi. 
3601. With long handle ending in a hook and a swan's head. L. 0-427. 

Poh\ II. 88. 

3602-3603. A pair, damaged: present length 005-0-054. Foh',U. 214. 

3605. Damaged : Cypriote palmette between handle and bowl, partly in 

relief, partly engraved. Kurion, 1883. 

3607. Shallow bowl : fragmentary. D. (of bowl) o-o66. Poli^ C. E. F. 

Candelabra. 

3611. Tripod of candelabrum, ending in horse's hoofs : the stem was of 
ironTabbut i m. high, bearing a round plate for the lamp to stand 
on. D. (from foot to foot) 0-22, H. 0-115. Cf. id. 1895, Brit. jMus. 
96/2/1. 310. Kurion. 

3613-3620. Lamp stand (upper end) : three scrolled arms spring from 
~ a conventional flower stem, and are held together by a rim where 
they diverge. Cf KBH. xliii 8-10; Cesn. Cypr. p. 336; Sal. PI. 
iv. 10; J. H. S. xii. 314 : spp. in Cambr. (with wooden shaft in the 
socket); 'e^j'. Moucr. 6720 (Acropolis). 
\; 3613. H. 0-25. i'^V/ [C. E. F., T. 54]. 3617. P^//, II. 239=* 
- 3615. H. 0-174. A'/^r/ow, 1886-7. 3619. Poll. 

Chains, suspension-rings, &c. 3621-3630. 

3621. Ring (D. 0-04) with cluster of three rings below, and thence chains 
of 8-shaped links (L. 0-135). Poll, C. E. F. 

3623. Ring: four chains: much smaller. L. 0-30. Amaihus {same 
shaft as Tomb 254, close to the surface). 

3625. Hook with spike to fix into a wall. Salami's Collection. 

3627. Large open hook with ring for cord or chain. 

Bindings of boxes and coflQ.ns, handles, nails, hinges, locks, &c. 
3631-3690. 
3631. Large flat narrow angle-binding : sixth century. L. (arms) 0-355- 

0-28. B. 0-04. Five nails. Poll. 

3633-3639. Similar, shorter, and broader. L, (arms) 0-125, B. 0-045. 

Two rows of six nails each. Pali. 

3641. Swinging handle, with long staples to fasten in wood. L. o-ii. 
3643 ff. Round loops with long staple-ends, hammered out. L. 0-105. 

3643. A pair. Poll, 61, I. 



«* 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZES. II7 

3653 ff. Large broad-headed nails. L, 0-20. 3653-3655. Po//, 20, III. 

Cf. *2 6, I. 
3661-3663-3665. Small hinges. L. o-033-o-oi, B. o-072-o-042. 
3667. Hasp of lock. L. 0-076. 

3669-3671-3673. Lock plates. H. 0-045-0-02, B. 0-068-0-024. 
3675. Iron lock. (J. H. S. xii. 74 ff.) Sa/amis, 'Agora' Site. 

ZQll. Iron lock, smaller. H. o-o6, B. 0-05. Soli, 1883. 

3679. Bronze key : wards thus | | } } | . L. 0-031. 
3681-3683-3685. Square bronze plates, of uncertain use. H. 0-136- 
0-074, B. 0-141-0-064. " ' 

Weights and instruments. 

3691-3694. Square bronze weights (?), (adjusted by means of a leaden 

filling). 3691. Salamis Collection. 
3695. Handle and tongue of a balance. 
3697-3698. Pairs of compasses. L. 0-12. 
3699. Square shovel of sheet bronze, folded at the corners. L. 0-13, 

B. 0-099. Karpass. 

Strigils. 

3701-3710. (a) Broad blade with semi-circular end, and narrow handle 
bent into an oval loop, and ending in a leaf-shaped plate on the 
shoulder of the blade. L. 0-03. 

3701. PolL 3709. Poll. 

3703. Poli, 20, III. 3710. Leaf-shaped plate, perforated. Poli. 

3707. Poli, C. E. F. 
3711-3720. (i3) Narrow tapering blade, engraved on the back ; straight 
solid rectangular handle soldered or riveted to it. 

3711. Slit in handle. H. 0-26. Amathus, 70. 

3715. H. 0-19. A. P. di Cesnola, 1878. 

3717-3719. Handle hollow and filled with lead. H. 0-20. 

Spatulae, &c. Cf. St. G. 14381 : Bibl. Nat. 1600 ff. 

3721 ff. Broad rectangular blade : handle ends in a knob. L. 0-19-0-13. 

3724. Amathus, 290. 3726. Poli, 61, I. 

3725. Amathus, 224. 3727. Kuklia. 
3729. The handle ends in a point. 

3731 ff. Taper from one end to the other. 

3735. Spoon-shaped : circular bowl and pointed handle. 

Dipping rods for cosmetics. 

3737 ff. Knob at each end. L. 0-135. Cf. St. G. 18019. 

3738. Poli, 158,1: cf. *26, I. 3740. Tamassos. 

3745 ff. Knob at one end, ring at the other : disc on stem to rest on the 
mouth of the toilet-bottle. H. 0-17. Cf. St. G. 13960, 14384. 

3749. Bronze rod forked at each end like a packing-needle. Limassol. 
Cf. Bibl. Nat. F 6912 : Cesn. Salaminia, PI. iv. 9 E. 

Mirrors. 

A. Egyptian. Cf. Louvre {Salle Civile), V. 

3750. Nearly circular plate, flattened opposite the handle: Egyptian 
engraving on back. PI. VIII. Amathus, 91*. 



Il8 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

B. Amative. 
3751 ff. (a) Disc and handle-spike in one piece, with Cypriote volutes at 
the junction. [3751-3766.] D. o-i6-o-ir. 

3751. Polt\ C. E. ¥. 3754-3755. Tamassos, A. 14 (MS. Inv.). 

3752. Po/i, 25, I. 3758. Idalwn, 65. 

3753. Foil, 16. II. 

3765. Disc surrounded by a rim, with a prolongation towards the handle. 

3766. Disc plain, tapering into the handle. D. o-i6. 

(0) Disc plain with rectangular spike. [3767-3775.] 

3769. Silvering preserved. D. 0-13. Poh', 215. 

3770. D. 0-155. Poll, II. 76. 
3774. Disc slightly prolonged at one side, but no spike. D. 0-12. 

(y) Disc plain and thin, with slight border : handleless ; or with handle 
made in a separate piece, with crescent-shaped attachment, to be soldered 
to the disc. [3776-3790.] 
3776-3781 are now provided with handles 3776 a- 3778a, which 

however do not belong to these discs. D. o- 15-0-11. 8779- 

3780-3781. Amathus, 28, 165, 306. 
3786-3787. D. 0-14. The edge of the disc is perforated widi small 

holes. Cf. Cesn. Salaminia, PI. iv. 2 B. 

{p) Made in pairs with flanges to fit into each other like plates : the 
inner surfaces are silvered, and the outer are ornamented with circular 
mouldings. 

3791-3792. Original pairs. D. 0-109-0-078. 

3793. Two mirrors which fit each other, but are not a certain pair. 
D. 0-119. Amathiis, 259. 

Single valves, (a) With flanged surface outwards. 

3795. Groups of concentric circles between the circular mouldings. 
D. 0-13. 

3796. D. o-ii. Poli,CY..Y. 2,1^1. D. 0-15. Kuklia. 

(^J) With flat surface outwards. 

3798. D. 0-115. Kuklia. 

3799. Plain border round silvered face. D. 0-09. 

Arms and armour. 

3801. Spear-head with tubular socket, slit down one side and con- 
tinuous with the midrib, which is more than half the width of the 
blade. Very early Graeco-Phoenician. H. 0-35. Broken. 

A ma thus, 8. 

3811. Arrow-head, Hellenistic, with long cylindrical tang and flattish 
head with two long barbs. 

3813. Shorter, thicker. 3816. Head four-sided and blunt. 

3821. Sword [missing: recorded in MS. Inv.]. Tamassos, A. 11. 

3825. Axe-head : double-edged, miniature. Salafnis. 

3826. Shoulder-plate of breast-plate. 3827. Fragments. 

3829. Hinged end of similar plate, engraved. 

3830. Other fragments of armour. 

3826-3830 all from the same find, Kiirion, 1885. 
3831-3832. Circular buckles. 
3833. D-shaped ring from belt or harness. 



CATALOGUE OF BRONZES. II9 

3834. Small bronze clamp from wood or leathern work. Tamassos. 

3841. Snaffle bit with cheek-pieces, elaborately ornamented with 
' palmettes ' so as to resemble a ' sacred tree.' 

3842. Same type, with plain cheek-pieces. 

Flutes. 

3848-3849. A pair of flutes of bone with slightly expanding ends : 
bound with bronze at frequent intervals: too much damaged for 
measurement, or recovery of the musical scale. Cf. Cesn. Sal. fig. 54: 
p. 56. 

Statuettes, &c. 

3851-3856. Fragmentary statuettes of oxen, cast thin and hollow, and 
of very rude design. H. 0-041. Lvnniti ? 

3857. Upper part of a human figure with arms raised, apparently 
a charioteer. 

3861. Small pendant in shape of an animal, with the loop behind the 
neck. L. 0-035, H. 0-03. 

3862. Statuette of a deer from the sanctuary of Apollo at Voni. 
( = C. M. 5163.) L. 0-049, H. 0-035. 

3863. Bent finger of a statue about life size. Amargetti. 

3864. Nude statuette, apparently female, with pointed stephane : left 
hand on breast : right bent at elbow and holding a fish (.?) in front of 
the body : a scarf (?) hangs from the neck to left elbow. H. 0-079. 

3865. Graeco-Phoenician statuette of a naked man : broken from the 
knees downward : motive similar to the so-called Apollo-figures of 
Orchomenos, &c. H. 0-085. 

Reliefs. 

3870. Gigantomachia fragments of a thin rectangular bronze plate, 
embossed : Hellenistic work : apparently the covering of a casket. 
H. 0-05 (approx.). Katydata-Linu (v. p. 4). 

3871. Plate of gold-plated bronze : fragmentary. [?=7aOTa.rjo.s-, A 17 
(MS. Inv.).] 

Iron objects. 
3901-3906. Iron knives. 3902. L. 0-25. Poli, 75, II. 3905. L. 

0-25. Poll, 7, I. 
3911-3913. Double-edged sword-blades. 3911-3912. L.o-255. Tamassos. 

3913. L. 0-175. Po^i^ 26, I. 
3921-3922. Spear-heads. 3921. L. 0-285. Tamassos. 3922. L. o-i8. 

Amathus. 
3924. Arrow-heads : a bundle {xoxo-Poli, *26, 1. Cf. Cesn. Sal. PI. v. 9. 
3926 ff. Long cylindrical spits. (Dupl. at Cambr., Fitzw. Mus.) 

L. 0-455. Tamassos. 

3930. Fire-rake. KBH. ccxiii. 5. 

3931. Shield boss : pointed like that from Amathus (Cesnola Collection, 
N. Y.; KBH. ccxiii. 5 b), and like C. M. 5542, 5567 {Kamelarga). 

Poll, 142, II. 

3932. Similar : less pointed. Poli. 

3934. Tweezers. Larnaka [Turabi), 1894, 22. 
3935 ff. Nails from wooden coffin. Cf. 3653ff. Poli. 
3941-3942. Strigils. Poli. 



I20 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

Leaden objects. 

3961. Oval urn with flat shoulder, low neck, pointed cover, and no 
handle. Larnaka, 1894, i. 

3962. Similar, with narrower neck, containing bones. 

3965-3974. Small, generally cylindrical, boxes with flat covers. 3966. 

3970. Kuklia. 3968. Kurion, 1 886-1 887. Cf. Cesn. Sal. 

PI. vi. 13. 
3981. Vase handle. 

3983. Fragment of a water-pipe. Salami's. 

3984. Weight (?) : a small thick circular disc. 

3985. Weight (?) : a square thick plate, damaged by the pick at time of 
discovery. 

3986. IMiniature cart-wheel with raised patterns: on one side a cart. 

Salamis Collection. 

3987. Lump of lead in bronze casing, perhaps the base of a vase. 

3988. Small cylindrical rods of lead, perhaps for solder. Poli. 

3989. Mass of lead apparently run between stones. 

3990. Net-sinkers. Kuklia. 



JEWELLERY, GEMS, &c. 

The collection of ornaments, trinkets, and small household and toilet 
utensils has suffered more than any other part of the Cyprus Museum 
from ignorance, carelessness, and neglect. The majority of the objects 
have been unpacked into shallow glass-covered boxes without the least 
attempt to secure them to any labels which they may have possessed : 
moreover, of the few labels which survived in 1894, the majority are copies, 
not the original notes ; at all events they are not in the handwriting of 
any known excavator or superintendent of excavations. The collection 
is now secured by pins to the floors of the cases, and provided with 
reference numbers to this Catalogue. The specimens from Amathus 
are verified from the original journal of excavations ; some of those 
from Poli are identified by the drawings which accompany O-R.'s 
journal of 1886, and those from Soli by O-R.'s memory and a few 
memoranda. 

In the absence of indications of locality or date the only resource was 
to arrange the whole collection according to types, and append notes of 
date where these could be made with probability ; but it must be 
remembered, especially in dealing with earrings and finger-rings, that 
types, which appear very early, frequently persist even into the Roman 
period alongside of characterisdcally later forms, and also that, as appears 
from the history of the boat-shaped earrings of Type c (Introd. p. 34), 
and of the types h and e, there are lacunae even in the Cypriote series, 
though it is in most respects far more continuous than the Hellenic : the 
^«y^c;;;z' excavations, however, in 1896, have filled the most important of 
these lacunae (p. 183 ff.). 

EARRINGS. 

Though the collection catalogued below contains a large majority of 
late and in every way unimportant forms, and many of quite uncertain 
date, it has been possible to arrange them in a type series, illustrative 
of the general development of the earring, which is very nearly, though 
not quite complete. The classification is best exhibited in a tabular 
form (cf. Plate VII): — 

Earrings all originate in a simple ring or loop of metal, which may be — 

(a) All in the same plane : leading to Derivative Forms, I, II. 

(/3) Spirally twisted : leading to Spiral Earrings, III. 

(7) Replaced by a chain : leading to Chain Earrings, IV. 

The following are the principal Derivative Forms, I, II : 
A. Open at the top. B. Open at one side. 



122 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

I. The ends are not twisted together. Ninth-fourth centuries. Graeco- 
Phoenician. 

A. a. Both ends have loops. Fibula Period, ninth-seventh centuries. 

B, b. One loop only : the other end is thrust through the loop 

outwards : leading to II. 

B. c. No loop : lower part boat-shaped, c', same type with pendants. 

d. Upper end passes inwards through a ring inside the lower, 
which ends in an animal's head. 

II. The ends are twisted together. Fourth century onwards, Hellenistic. 

B. e. Hook-and-eye fastening derived from b : various ornaments in 

front of lower end. e^, same type with pendants. 

A. f. Symmetrical, open at the top. 

A, g. Symmetrical : the ring is flat, broad, and crescent-shaped. 

C. h. The upper end passes right through the loop of the lower, 

and is recurved backwards in a 8-shaped hook, by wliich the 
ring is now suspended : ornament, if any, on the lower end 
or front of the ring. 

C. i. The 8-shaped hook becomes (-\o-shaped ; the original loop 
disappears, and the rosette-shaped ornament is set directly 
on the hook. This type was introduced into Cyprus in 
late fifth or fourth century from Hellas, and is the prototype 
of most mediaeval and modern earrings. (C. IM. 4892-4893.) 
j. Pendants are added to type i. 

III. Spiral earritigs : derived from original ring with ends overlapping 
spirally. Bronze Age to fourth century. 

The spiral earrings (4101-4140) are, again, an independent develop- 
ment in another direction from the primitive ring ; specimens of which are 
already found in the Bronze Age whose two ends are not oj)posed to 
each other in the same plane, but overlap spirally. More developed 
spirals of two or more turns are also found in Bronze Age tombs ; and 
though, like the boat-shaped earrings, they have not been noted in the 
earliest Graeco-Phoenician tombs, they become common in the seventh 
century, and magnificent and characteristic in the sixth and fifth. The 
finest are of hollow bronze, thickly gold-plated, with at one end the heads 
of various animals in embossed gold, frequently enamelled ; and, at the 
other, tail-pieces of embossed and filagree gold work. Giiliin-heads are 
the commonest : hyjnan heads do not seem to appear before the fourth 
century, when this class of ornament suddenly dies out. The use of 
these spirals has been disputed : they always lie about the head of the 
corpse, and have been formerly explained as contrivances for securing 
loose locks of hair. But the evidence of statuettes like C. M. 5560 
{Kition, Kamelarga) and of a terracotta head from Limniti in O-R.'s 
possession is conclusive, that they were worn as earrings, through a series 
of holes in the lobe of the ear. Some of the spirals catalogued below, 
however, are of more doubtful use : and some, such as 4106, may have 
been worn in loosely constructed necklaces. 

IV. Chain earrings i' Small chains with various ornamental clasps, 
hung over the ears. 

The chain earrings (4395-4396) might be taken for bracelets, but that 



JEWELLERY OF THE GRAECO-PHOENICIAN AGE. I23 

they appear to be found by the head of the corpse, and sometimes have 
no practicable fastening. They were probably hung loosely over the ear. 

Original Type. 

A shnple rmg : ends not welded or interlocked. 

4000 a-d. M^. Four rude silver rings, with ends unwelded and overlapping. 
Bronze Age. Cf. C. M. 61 1-6 16. Ag. Paraskevi. 

4001 a-c. Hoop slightly thickened : ends meeting : a, b, silver ; c, 
bronze. Amathus, 13. Cf gold sp. in Cambr., Fitzw. Mus. 

4002. Similar. Amathus, 19. 4003. R. Kurion. 

4004* \ Ends slightly overlapping. 

Derivative Types. 

I. The ends are not twisted together. Ninth-fourth centuries. 

A. Symmetrical : a. opeji at the top: the ends both end in loops. Ninth- 
seventh centuries. Cf an Egyptian glass earring, Turin Museum, No. 126, 
and derivative gold types from Defenneh (Daphnae). 

8003*. K. Thick hoop bound with wire and ending in two loops, which 
were secured in the ear by a thread : below the hoop four large 
gold balls, arranged crosswise =' mulberry ornament.' KBH. 
clxxxii. I. Cf Louvre, MN. 3174. Tamassos. 

8004. M. Similar .? (ends missing) : loop for pendant below. A?)ia- 
ihus, 278. 

B. Unsymmetrical : open at the side. 

b. The lower end has a loop : the tipper is put through it outwards. 
{■= Prototype 0/ Class II.) Seventh-sixth centuries. 

4005. K. Pyramids of small gold balls below. Kuklia. 

4006. Decorative collar below. 

4007. Ring below : damaged. Amathus, 202. 

8007. Ring below, wherein two pendants : (a) cube with arched cage 
above : in the cage a pyramid of gold balls ; {b) palmette of two 
thicknesses of embossed gold-leaf. 

c. No loop : the riiig swells and becomes boat-shaped below ; = ' Woolsack ' 
type (Munro, J. H. S. xii. 313). Sixth-fourth centuries: [_Myk. prototype^ 

4008. K. Hollow: plain. Idalion, 26. 8008. Tamassos. [MS. Inv.] 
4009 a, b. Claw setting for a missing stone : geometrical patterns in 

seed-gold. Cf. KBH. clxxxii. 7 ; J. H. S. xii. 313, PI. xv. ; Perrot, iii. 

fig. 303 ; sp. in Louvre {^Kurion, 1886). a, Kuklia. b, Poli, 216, II. 
4010*. M. Plain. Dali, 26. 
4011. M. Amathus, 130. Cf. KBH. clxxxii. 6. 

4012*. M. Idalion. 8012 *. Tamassos. [MS. Inv.] 

4013* a-d. M. Nail-shaped appendage without joint : four pairs. 

Am. 19. Cf. Cesn. Sal. PI. i. 28 : J. H. S. xii. 313 {Poll, C. E. F. 37). 
8013. Longitudinal loop for a pendant. Sala7nis. 
4014*. M. Oriental palmette-shaped pendent ; from which again hang 

two paste beads. Amathus, 165. 
8014 a*, b. Ms. Three transverse loops for pendants. Tamassos. 

^ * denotes an original pair. The numbers 8000 ff. are additions rendered necessary 
by the arrival of objects from Laruaka, and by the discovery of the Tamassos jewellery 
at the Commissioner's office at Nicosia, 1894. 



124 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

d. The lower end is much enlarged, and ends in an animal's head : on the 
inner side of this is a ring, through which the upper end passes inwards. 
Fourth-third centuries. 

4015*. N. Goat's head: twisted stem. C^. KBH. cxliii. 5, 6, clxx.xii. 9. 
4016*. N. Bull. Kuklia. 4017*. Goat's head. Poli. 

4018*. Lion's head. Poli. Ci. Louvre {Kurion,\2)^6). 8018. Tamassos. 
4019*. Lion's head. Poli, "j, III. 4024 a, b. Goat's head, h^ Ama- 
4020*. Bull's head. Poli. thus, 107. 

4021. Bull's head. Poli. 4025. Bull's head: plain stem. 

4022. Horned lion's head. Amathus, 221. 
4023 a, b. Lion's head. 

4026. Lion : red bead inserted behind head, Ainathus. 

4027. Bull : three beads, red-blue-red, with beaded discs between each. 
4028*. Dolphin : three beads, blue-red-green, without discs between. 

Cf. KBH. clxxxii. 8: Cesn. Sal. figs. 23, 26. 

4029. Eros flying : hands on hips. Poli. KBH. clxxxii. 15. 

4030. M. With beads like 4027 : fragmentary. 

4031-4032. M. Bulls' heads. 4032. Larnaka{Turabi),\^^^,i']. Cf. 

Cesn. Sal. PI. ii. 11. 
4033. iE. .? Human figure. 



'o"- 



IL The ends interlock {derivative from L B. b.). Hellenistic : fourth 

century onwards : all gold. 

A. Unsymmetrical : e. the ring increases in thickness from upper to lower 
end: cf. L B. d..' various or?ia?fients are affixed outside the lower end. 

4034. Taper twisted hoop, without further ornament. 

4035. Very small disc outside the thick end, close to the fastening. 
4036-4041. Larger : convex disc. 4036-4040. Poli. 4041. Kuklia. 

8037. Tamassos [? A. 13. ]MS. Inv.]. 
4042*. Plain stem : lower end returned in a close spiral in front. Kuklia. 

e'. Similar earrings with pendants added below the ring. 

4043*. Pendant for paste bead. 

4044. Twisted stem : ball in front : pendant for bead. 

4045. Twisted stem : no ball in front: pendant with ball. 

4046. Like 4036: pendant for bead. Amathus, 213. 
4047*. Like 4036 : pendant for bead. 

4048. Like 4036 : pendant with ball. Amathus. Gi. 
4049*. Ball in front : pendant with ball. A?nathus, 294. 

8049*. Green glass in square setting. Larnaka, 1894, 7. 
4050*. Deep oval setting with rock crystal en cabochon. 
4051. Similar : amethyst. 

4052*. Similar : } garnet paste : pendant for beads. 
4053. Cylindrical head on loop in front : ])endant with similar bead. 
4054"". Heart-shaped plate in front : oval amethyst in gold rim as 
pendant. Kuklia, Loura tu Kame'lu ; J. H. S. xi. p. 200. 

4055. Large flat openwork rosettes in front. Amathus, 232. 

4056. Very small disc with central ball in front. 

4057. Similar: small ' mulberry-cluster ' below. 
4058*. Plain setting for small gold bead in front. 

8058. Thicker setting. Larnaka, 1894, 45. 
4059*-4060. Quite plain hoop : unsymmetrical. Kuklia. 



JEWELLERY OF THE GRAECO-PHOENICIAN AGE. 125 

f. Symmetrical i^k) : efids iftterlocked at highest point. 

4061. Hoop narrow, solid, very large, circular, and quite plain. Ktiklia. 

4062. Binding of gold wire at lowest point. Kiiklia. 
4063*-4064*. Plain, oval, smaller. 4064*. Poli. 

4065. Six similar, probably a pair of sets of three. Amathus, 232. 

g. Hoop flattened out into a broad crescent, with border. 
4066 a-e. Bordtr of rope pattern. A fna/hus, 2^2. 
4067*-4068*-4069*. Border of gold grains. 4,067*. A mathus, 212- 

4068". Amathus, 60. 4069*. Amathiis, 13. 
4070*-4071*. Plain border. 4Q70* . Amathus, \t,. 4071*. A?nathus, 2 4^. 
8071*. Small ball on front edge. Sala?jiis. 
8072. Setting for a bead on front edge. Larnaka, rS94, 45. 
4072*. No border: three small loops on outer margin. Atnathus, 13. 
4073*. Three small settings for pastes on outer surface. Amathus, 13. 
4074*. Alternate paste-settings and gold seeds. Cf. KBH. ccxvii. 20: 
Cesn. Sal. fig. 19. 

h. The lower end of the ring is looped upon the upper, which is continued 
upwards and backwards into a simple hook for suspension (C). 

4075. Quite plain. 

4076*. Loop of lower end returned as spiral binding of the hoop. 

4077*. Two beads (the upper one cylindrical) strung on front of lower 

end, which is drawn out thin to receive them, with a collar below. 
4078*. Similar, with five round beads. 

4079*. An oval onyx bead with a small round one above it. Poli,Q.Y..Y. 
4080*. Three round beads. 
4081. Upper loop very large and thickened : lower small, with a wire 

pendant of oval bead. 

i. The %-shaped loop has become <x -shaped, and the original ring has 
disappeared : the ornaments are attached to the front {lower) end of the 
suspension hook (C). j. Similar, with pendants added below. 

4082*. Convex disc with ball pendant: cp. 4048. Amathus, 59. 
4083*. Deep oval setting : blue paste. Amathus, 224. 
4084*. Similar : blue paste. 
4085*. Similar : two light blue pendant beads. Kuklia. 

4086. Oval garnet paste £■« rai5o^/2c« .' pendant for bead. Amathus, 13. 

4087. Oval amethyst : similar stone as pendant. Kuklia. 

4088. Square setting : blue paste : ball pendant. Amathics, 59. 
4089*. Similar setting : bead pendant. 

4090. Similar setting and pendant : opaque green paste. Kuklia. 
4091*. Round setting : emerald paste : pendant. Larnaka, 1894,45. 
4092. Claw mount : pendant. Amathus, 294. 
4093*. Convex disc with rectangular filagree plate below, from which 

hang three bead-pendants. Ainathus, 170. 
4094. Thin flat rosette ; the hook attached to its upper edge. Amathus, 61. 
4095*. Similar: rosette of double thickness of gold-leaf. Amathus, 61. 

4096. Hemispherical boss of gold leaf, filled with sulphur. Poli. 

4097. Similar. Larnaka, 1894, 45. 

4098. Flower of six concave petals, with centre of opaque bluish-green 
paste. KBH. clxxxii. 19. Poli, 24, III. 

4099. Flower of twelve flat petals, alternately solid and perforated : 
setting for paste in centre : cf. 4055. 



126 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

4100. A ten-leaved roselte in guilloche border hangs from a very long 
hook : flying Eros as pendant, with bandolier of flowers over right 
shoulder, and an uncertain object in each hand. KBH. clxxxii. 21. 
Poll, 41, II. 

III. Spiral Earrings. 

A. The ends of the original ring overlap, hut not in the same plane. 

4101. M. Specimens of rude silver-lead. Bronze Age. Ag. Paraskevi. 

4102. A^ Large gold-beaded hoop. Aviathus (surface). 

4103 a, b. K. a. Beaded, b. Plain. 4104. K. Plain. Kuklia. 
4105*. N. Similar, smaller: beaded at ends only. Kuklia. 

4106. N.. A number of similar, very small rings, found in groups. Poli, 
Tomb 103, I; 42, III. Cf. KBH. clxxxii. 31. 

4107. EL. Six similar, linked together into a chain : like 4103. Silver. 
Poli. 

B. The ends overlap a coinplete half-turn, so as to form a helix or 
spiral. 

4108. Thick solid gold : pl^in ends. Poli, 1^4, 11. 
Gold-plated bronze : 

4109. Plain ends. 4112*. Kurion, 1886. 

4110. Lion's head at one end, 4113*. Poli, C. E. F. 
rosette at the other. Kurion, 4114*. 

1886. 4115*. Lion's head at each end [cf. 

sp. Cambr. {Poli), J. H. S. xi. 
PI. V. 3.] 

4111. Kurion, 1886. 4116. 

Silver. 
4117*. Amathus, 12']. 4122*. [?= 7awffj.r^j, A. 14. MS. Inv.] 

4118. Plain ends. Poli. 4123. A number of very small spiral 

4119*. Smaller. Idalion, 26. rings Hke 4106. Amathus and Poli. 

4120*. Smaller, Idalion, 26. 
4121*. Amathus, 165. 

Bro7ize. 
4124*. Like 4122. Amathus, 165. 4125. Like 4122. Poli. 

4126. Flat band similarly coiled. Nine specimens from Idalion, 1894. 

4127. A number of very small rings like 4106, 4123. Poli. 

4128. \^. = Tamassos, c^.is^. MS. Inv.] 

C. The spiral is contimted three or four turns. 

Gold-plated bronze. 

4131*. Gryphon's head : rosette at tail. Poli. 

4132*. Human heads: rosette at tail. Poli, Tomb 42, III. 

4133*. Human heads : rosette at tail. Poli, Tomb 23, III. 

Silver. 

4134. Human heads: rosette at tail. Amathus, 41. 
4135*. Heads missing. 4136*. Plain ends. 

Bronze. 
4137 a, b, c, d, e. Plain ends. 



JEWELLERY OF THE GRAECO-PHOENICIAN AGE. I27 

D. Close spirals of silver wire, of uncertain use : perhaps to co?ifine 
ringlets of hair. 

4138. Amathus, ig. 4139. Poll, C.Y..Y. 0-015 diameter. 

4140. 0-035. diameter. Foli, C.E.F. 

IV. Chain Earrings ? 4394-4396. [?. z'.] 

RINGS AND SIGNETS. 

In the Bronze Age, finger-rings and earrings are not yet differentiated : 
except the engraved gold rings which were rarely imported from Meso- 
potamia (specimen (p. 34) from Psemmatismeno, 0-R. =KBH. cli. 35) 
or the Mykenaean area {Kurion, 1895, Brit. Mus.). 

Finger-rings do not become common until the great silver period of 
the sixth-fifth centuries : thenceforward they are abundant and of cha- 
racteristic types in all metals. 

4141-4145. a. Plain hoop: the date of C. M. 4142-4143 is uncertain. 
4146-4150. b. Flat engraved plate, welded on to plain hoop. Sixth- 
fourth centuries. 
c. Plain hoop beaten out into a lozenge-shaped plate. 
4151-4154: 4161-4182. (a) Plate narrow, richly engraved. Sixth-fifth 

centuries. 
4155-4160. (^) Plate broad: ornament scratched or punctured. 

Hellenistic. 
4183-4189. d. Swivel-rings: hoop plain, swollen in the middle for 

strength. Seventhfourth centuries. 
(a) The stone is perforated, and turns on a wire between 

the ends of the hoop. 
(/3) The stone is unperforated, and turns on pivots 
working in the ends of its mounting. 
4190-4200. e. Bezel swivel-shaped, but fixed : edges of mount often 

ornamented with filagree work. Fifth -fourth 
centuries. 
f. Hoop hollow : bezel large and deep. Hellenistic and 
Roman. 
4201-4208. (a) Bezel distinct. 

4209-4217. (/3) No distinct bezel: the stone is set directly into the 

enlarged front of the hollow hoop. 

a. Plain hoop. 

4141. Gold. Poll, 133, 11. 

4142. Similar. 

4143 a-e. Silver : three similar. 

4144. Gold convex band, concave within. Pali, 26, I. 

8144. Gold convex band. Tamassos. 

4145. Silver : similar. 

8145. Silver : similar : flat inside. Kuklia. 

h. Flat engraved plate, welded on to plain hoop. Cf. Bibl. Nat. 
2893 ff. 

4146. Electron: Egyptian symbols. Poli, 210, II. 

8146. Electron : lion among foliage. Tamassos, E. A. 14. 



128 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

4147. Gold: two birds heraldically supporting a tree. Amathus, \oi. 

4148. Silver. Amat/ius, 221. 

8148. Silver. Ta?nassos, A. 14 (MS. Inv.). 

4149. Silver. A?na/hus, 235. 

4150. Silver: hoop swollen like that of a swivel ring. Cf. KBH. clxxxii. 
40. Poll, 244, II. 

c. Plain hoop beaten out into a lozenge - shaped plate: 
generally engraved. Cf. KBH. clxxxii. 38-9. 

(a) Plafe narrow : richly engraved. Sixth-fourth century. Gold. 

4151. Sphinx couchant. Sixth century, Greek style. 

4152. Lion ; lotos in front. Sixth century. Pali. 

4153. Grasshopper. Fifth-fourth century, Greek style. 

4154. Bee, supported by two birds: cut in relief within raised border. 
Fifth-fourth century, Greek style. Poli, C. E. F. 

(3) Plate broad: ornament scratched or punctured. Hellenistic. 

4155. Plain. Cf. Bibl. Nat. 2918, 2940. 

4156. Plain: representation worn out. Poli, 210, II. 

4157. Plain. 

4158. Very small : conventional tree >»>•. 

4159. Similar. Kuklia Loiira tu \ -„ a r • j ... j /^ d 

r- '/ T TT c • en A m dotted Graeco-Roman 

Aaiiielii : . H. b. xi. p. 200. , ■- aq. • t 1 t.. • 

4160. Similar.^ ^;«a//.«., 59- j "^AGUJ | lettermg. 

Silver. 

4161. Hoop simply swollen in front. 4162. Similar. Amathus, 2^2. 

4163. Similar. 

8163. ^"E. Similar, with raised disc as bezel. 

4164. M. Similar, more swollen : very like some of the commoner ear- 
rings of Type c. Amathus (surface). 

4165-4166. Hoop flat, broader and slightly concave in front. Amathus, 13. 

4167. Like 4151 ff. Amathus, 4. 

4168. Similar: engraved: quadruped couchant regardant. /*(?/?', 239, II. 
4169-4174. Similar. Poli. 8173. Engraved. Poli, II. 157. 
4175. Similar, but the hoop is a spiral, the ends returning above and 

below the bezel. Poli, 23, III. 

8175. /E. Similar, broken. 

4176-4181 a, b, c. Similar : the bezel becomes more and more flat and 
distinct from the hoop. /E. except 41 78-4 179, iron. Poli. 

8176. Similar. Amathus, 80. 

8177. Similar : .? engraved. 

4182. Hollow : outer surface of bezel flat, inner curved : cp. KBH. 
clxxxii. 34. Poli. 

d. Swivel rings : hoop plain ; swollen in the middle for 
strength. 

(a) The stone is perforated, and turns on a ivire between the ends of 
the hoop. 

(/3) The stone is unperforated, and turns on pivots working in the ends 
of the mounting. 

4183. Gold : unmounted scaraboid sard 4583. 



JEWELLERY OF THE GRAECO-PHOENICIAN AGE. 129 

4184. Electron : sard 4584, broken and mounted in scarab-shaped 
metal shell. Poll, 20, II. 

4185. Silver : unmounted sard 4585. 

4186. Silver : gold-mounted sard, convex in front, concave behind : sard 
4586. Amathus, 98. 

4187. Similar: sard 4587. Idalton, 26. 

4188. Similar : plain gold-mounted sard. Amathus, 80. 

4189. Similar : plain gold-mounted onyx. Amathus, 80. 

e. Bezel swivel-shaped, but fixed: edges of mount often 
ornamented with filagree work. 

Gold. 

4190. Sard in claw-mount. Poli, 244, II. 

4191. Sard in plain mount. Cf. Louvre {Kurmt, 1886). 

4192. Oblong mount: the hoop ends in volutes. Poli, 21, III. 

4193. Oblong mount : cloisonne enamel work outside. Poli. 

4194. Oblong mount : filagree running spirals : twisted hoop. Poli. 

4195. Oblong mount : blue paste. Poli, C. E. F. 

Silver. 

4196. Plain gold mount with backing : white paste. Poli. 

4197. Plain silver mount for paste. Amathus, 285. 

4198. Similar : deeper mount. Poli. 

4199. Hoop like that of 4192. Poli. 

4200. Large deep mounting with red paste. Poli. 

f. Hoop hollow ; bezel large and deep. Late Hellenistic. 

(<i) Distinct bezel. Gold. 

4201. Oval blue paste. Amathus, 100. 

4202. Large flat oval chalcedony. 

4203. Convex engraved sard 4603. 

4204. Very deep bezel with mouldings : stone missing. Kuklia. 

4205. Deep bezel : convex engraved sard 4605. Amathus, 221. 

4206. Deep bezel : plain : stone missing. 

Silver. 

4207. Deep bezel with moulding : stone missing. Arnathus, 221. 

4208. Plain bezel: stone missing. Poli, 41, II. 

8208. M. Very large bezel. \i—Tamassos, II. 2. MS. Inv.] 

O) No distinct bezel: the stone is set directly into the enlarged front of 
the holloiv hoop. Late Hellenistic. Gold. 

4209. Engraved sard 4609. Amathus, 213. 

4210. Engraved sard 4610. Amathus, 59. 

4211. Engraved sard 461 1. Amathus, 59. 

4212. Engraved sard 4612. Amathus, 202. 

4213. Engraved sard 4613. Tamassos ?. 

4214. Oval carbuncle? Poli, 24, III. 

4215. Oval carbuncle ? Poli. 4216. Square setting for paste. 
4217. Round setting for paste. Larnaka {Turabi\ 1894, 45. 

K 



130 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



BRACELETS. 



From the Bronze Age only one pair is known of gold (Inlrod. p. 33). 
Silver and bronze bracelets occur rarely in the Bronze Age and in the 
Fibula Period, and become common in the sixth-fourth centuries. The 
very fine examples of gold-plated bronze (cf. the spiral earrings 4109- 
41 16) belong to the fifth century. Throughout, bracelets are not to be 
distinguished, except by their size, from armlets, anklets, and torques ; 
and all are here catalogued together. For type a, cf. C. M. 5641 [Idalton). 

a. The two ends do not meet, but end in heads. 

4250. (a) Solid gold : ending in dogs' heads. } Kuklia. 

4251. Hollow gold-plated bronze : animals' heads: cf. Perrot, iii, fig. 320; 
Cesn., Cyprus, p. 311. J. H. S. xi. PI. v. i {Pali). Kurion, 1886. 

4252*. Hollow gold-plated bronze : smaller. Amathus, \oo. 

4253*. Hollow gold-plated bronze: rams' heads: hoop elaborately twisted: 

Kun'oji, 1886. Cf. Brit. Mus. 96/2/1/141-2, Kurion, 1895. 
4254*-4255*-4256*. Hollow silver: plain : rams' heads gilded. 4254*. 

Amalhus, 91. 4255*. Amalhus, 127. 4256*. Atnathus, 80. 
4257. Heads missing. Poli. 
4258 a, b. Knobs instead of heads. Poli. 
4259. Solid silver : snakes' heads; details engraved : cf. several pairs 

from Amalhus (1894, Brit. Mus.), Kurion (1895, Brit. Mus.). 
8259. Bronze: massive: plain ends. Larjtaka {Turabi), 1894, 41. 

b. The ends overlap. Cf. Louvre, Heuzey, T-C. (old No. 166). 

4260*-4262. Solid silver: snakes' heads. 4260*. Amalhus, 91. 

4261-4262. Kurion, 1886. 8261. Plain. 

4263*. Bronze: snakes' heads. Poli (C. E. F.), INI. i. 

8263*. Salamis. 
4264 a*, b. Smaller. Amalhus, 58. 

8264. Tamassos, A. 11 or 13 (spp. from only these two tombs, in 
Tamassos, C. M. inventory). 

4265-4267*. Plain ends. Amalhus, 202. 

8265. Tamassos [A. 11 or 13. MS. Inv.]. 
4266-4268-4269. Plain ends. Idalion, 45. 

c. The overlapping ends slide over each other in guide-rings. 

4270. Bronze: plain. A. Cesnola, 1878. 

d. Broad flat spiral band, with mouldings outside. 
4271-4272*. Silver. 4271. Poli. 4272*. Tamassos, § 5 (MS. Inv.). 

4276. Fragments of twisted silver bracelet. 

4:217. Similar : bronze. 

4280. Plain ring, soldered. Larnaka {Turabi), 1894, 54. 

FRONTLETS. 

These derive from Mykenaean prototypes \ and begin in the Fibula 
Period, ninth-seventh centuries: (i) at first only of silver with rosette 
ornaments, which betray Mykenaean influence; (2) then of gold and 

* These have been found abundantly, of gold, at Salamis, 1 896. Brit. Mus. 



JEWELLERY OF THE GRAECO-PHOENICIAN AGE, 131 

silver indifferently, with Hellenic, lotos, palmette, and spiral motives : 
common and most characteristic in sixth-fourih centuries ; (3) in the 
Hellenistic period silver disappears as usual, and the gold work becomes 
thin, poor, and tasteless : embossed ornaments are replaced by incised 
and punctured ornaments. Three collateral types may be distinguished, 
as at Mykenae — 

A. Nearly the same width all along. 

B. Wider in the middle than at the ends: cf. Louvre {Mynna), 467-8. 

C. The lower edge is straight ; the upper rises in a low pediment. 

The following are all of gold, except those marked M, which are of 
silver : — 

4301-4308. Plain. A. 4301-4302. (4301. Poll) B. 4303- 

4307. (4303-4305. Kurwn, 1886. 4306. Kuklia, Aoipa roi 
Kafxr]\ov; J. H. S. xL p. 200.) C. 4308. 

4309-4315. Geometrical ornaments of dotted lines. A. 4309-4310. 

B. 4311. C. 4312-4315. 
4316-4318. Rosettes, in relief. B. 4316. Amathus, 100. 4317. M. 

A?7iathus, 107. 4318. M. Amathus, 186. 8318. 

4319-4321. Lotos and palmette ornaments. B. 4319. C. 4320- 

4321. 8319-8321. \)=Tamassos,\\. e^^. MS. Inv.] 

Leaf-shaped ornaments of thin gold. Fourth century onwards. 

4331-4333. Oval, leaves with veins marked. 
4334-4340. Three-pointed leaves. 

4341. Lozenge-shaped : perforated at the obtuse angles. 

4342. A large number of similar lozenge-shaped leaves, which were 
mounted on a background to form a golden wreath. Very common 
in Late Hellenistic tombs. Cf frontlet of type A with olive-wreath 
ornament. Louvre {Kurion, 1886). 

Mouth-plate, embossed, to tie over the mouth of the corpse. 

Sixth-fourth centuries. KBH. cxliv. 13; clxxxii. 33; Hermann (Graberf. 
v. Marion), fig. 19 ; Cesn., Salaminia, PL ii. 10; J. H. S. xi. PI. v. 11 : and 
below, p. 183 ff., late Mykenaean tombs from Sala??iis. 

4343-4345. G^o/fl'. 4343. Ptf//, 26, HL 4344. Po/zXC.E.F.?), cf sp. 

in Cambr., Fitzw. Mus. 4345. Amathus, 61 (cf 195, Brit. Mus.). 
4346-4349. Silver. Cf. J. H. S. xi. PI. v. 1 1 {Poli\ Ashm. 4349. Avi., 

127*. 

NECKLACES AND PENDANTS. 

The rude silver rings of the Bronze Age are occasionally found linked 
together (C. M. 616), and Mykenaean gold beads were found at Kurion 
(1895, Brit. Mus.); but regular necklaces of the precious metals have not 
been found before the Graeco-Phoenician Age, and are rare until the sixth 
century. Characteristic of the best period — sixth-fourth centuries — are the 
necklaces of pendants, probably borrowed from the Eg}'ptian fashion, 
and frequently represented on statuettes ; the chains of alternate gold and 
sard, or gold and porcelain beads ; and the flat embossed beads to be 
strung on two or more threads. The pendant sphinxes, gorgoneia, lion- 
heads, and other masks are of sixth-fourth centuries only. Hellenistic 

K 2 



132 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

chains and beads are easily recognizable by characteristic forms, slighter 
material, and inferior workmanship. Cf. Cesn., Salaminia, figs. 9-12. 

In the Fibula Period, especially, and also later, glass, paste, and 
porcelain beads are very common. The buttons or pendants of gilded 
clay wiih metal shanks begin in the sixth century, and become common 
in early Ptolemaic tombs. 

A. Gold Necklaces and Pendants. 
4351-4353. Chains of square beads, alternately of gold and of porcelain. 

4351. Blue, green, and white. Cf. KBH. clxxxii. 37. Atnathus, 165. 

4352. All the gold, but only two green porcelain beads left. Poll, 
23, III. 

4353. Two small beads of the same type. Poh, 224, II. 
4354-4357. Chain of alternate sard and ribbed gold beads : cf KBH. 

Ixvii. 12. 

4354. With amphora-shaped pendant : cf. KBH. cxliv. 4. Ktirion. 

8353. Three larger gold beads, and a sard bead. Tamassos, E. A. 14. 

8354. Similar sard beads with cylindrical gold mounts covered with 
gold grains : and two spindle-shaped agaie beads with gold mounts 
cut in chevrons and similarly granulated. Amaihtis, 80. 

4355. Chain of gold beads like 4353: two amphora-shaped pendants. 
Amaihus, 107. 

8355. Similar gold bead. Tamassos, E. A. 15. 
4356-4357. Similar chains with pendant : cf. pendant of 4013. 

4356. Amathis, 107. 

4358. Two gold beads, same shape but plain. 

4359. Chains of spherical beads of hollow gold, and of porcelain of 
various colours. Poli, variotis tombs. 

4360. Chain of small gold discs perforated at the edges. A?nathus, 13. 

4361. Similar, smaller. Amathus, 60. 

4362. Gold leaf-rosettes : very fragile. Amathus, 98. 

4363. Gold-leaf beads like two 'tear-bottles' side by side. Amaihus, ^%. 

Pendafits. 

4364. Gold-leaf pear-shaped pendants : cf. KBH. ccx. 7, and statuettes 
C. INI. 5659, &c. Poll. 

4365-4373. Amphora-shaped pendants. Cf J. H. S. xi. PI. v. 5. 

4365. Cloisonnd enamels on shoulder : Amathus, 98. Cf. KBH. 

clxxxii. 18; Brit. Mus. 94/11/1, 224 {Amathus), 1894. 
4366-4370. Poll. 

4371. Polt, C. E. F. 

4372. Dali, 26. 

4373. Neck perforated after loss of loop. Poll. 

4374. Moss-rose bud. KBH. clxxxii. 23. Poli, 142, II. 

4374 a. Porcelain filling of a similar pendant (KBH. clxxxii. 17). Poli. 

4375. Bull's head. Poli. KBH. xxxiii. 23. Cf. C. M. 5208: Bibl. 
Nat. 2837, 2878. 

4376. Tubular pendant hung horizontally : filagree ornament. Sixth 
century. KBH. xxxiii. 16 : cf clxxxii. 26 and C. M. 4444- Poli. 

4377. Solid gold disc with concentric mouldings in relief Seventh- 
sixth century : cf Introd. p. 34 ; KBH. ccxvii. 9. Kuklia. Cf. spp. 
in Ashm. INIus, 

4378. Embossed gold plate : sphinx seated upright, with curled wings 
spread on either side of head. KBH. xxxiii. 21: cf. Perrot, iii. p. 31 7 



JEWELLERY OF THE GRAECO-PHOENICIAN AGE. 133 

(New York); J. H. S. xi. PI. v. 7: xii. PI. xv. p. 314 (Tomb 41). 
Poll. 

4379. Similar, smaller. Poli, C. E. F. 

4380. Spherical gold bead, with small knobs. Poli? 

4385. Chain of 8-shaped links : ending in female heads : a double knot 
with tassels as clasp. Tamassos, A. 7. (MS. Inv.) 

Hellenistic chains. 

4391. Alternate (a) bar-links of gold, and (/3) lenticular beads of dark 
paste strung on gold wire. Amathtis, 213. 

4392. Similar : bar-links of filagree work. Kuklia. 

4393. Similar, slighter : a spherical bead on each link, alternately black 
and white : cf. KBH. ccxvii. 12. Kuklia. 

4394-6. 'Chain earrings '(p. 1 22): short gold chains closed by an ornament. 

4394. With two flat gold pendants : (a) disc with circular mouldings. 
(3) lion's head embossed. KBH. clxxxii. 22. Poli. 

4395. With convex disc-shaped fastening. Amathus, 130. 

4396. Similar. \J Poli. ? Tamassos, A. >j. MS. Inv.] 

B. Silver Chains and Pendants. 

4401. Links flat, embossed and perforated for two threads : silver gilt. 
Kurion, 1886. Cf. Cesn. Sal. PI. ii. 15, b; c. 

4402. Links similar, but more elaborate : on each a rosette between two 
palmettes : silver gilt. Kurion, 1886. 

4403. Disc with four similar ornaments in relief, and group of two figures 
in centre, probably belonging to 4402 as a pectoral. } Kurion, 1886. 

4404. Set of pendants like 4364 : silver gilt. Kurioii, 1886. 

4405. Square stele as pendant. Kurion, 1886. 

4406. Cylindrical pendant. Kurion, i%2>6. 

4407. Porcelain animal figure hung by silver wire. Kurion, 1886. 
4408-4409. Two small corroded pendants. Kurion, 1886. 

4410. Gorgoneion, embossed. Sixth century style : cf. KBH. xxxiii. 17. 
Amathus, 107. 

4411. Small human figure with right arm raised. Poli, 41, IL 

4412. Small flat pendant. Amathus, 127. 

4413. Embossed spherical bead. Amathus, 100. 

4414. Oval pendant with embossed ornaments : silvered bronze. 

4415. Onyx in silver mount : intaglio. Nike advances to left, holding 
palm-branch, or off"ering a wreath : onyx 4615. Poli, 99, \\. 

4416. Onyx bead in silver mounting : cp. 4407. 

4417. Four hollow silver beads in shape of lion couchant : cf. KBH. 
Ixvii. 13. 

C. Bronze Pendants. 

4431. Hemispherical bell. Salamis Collection. 
4432-4434. Heart-shaped pendant : bust of human figure. 

4435. Byzantine cross (probably that found at Voni, 1883. Chron. 
Exc. S.V.). 

D. Stone Pendants and Trinkets: cf Glass and Paste, 4921 ff., 
p. 106. 

4436. Hawk cut in sard: the head has been broken and mended in 
antiquity, but is now lost : suspended by a loop behind from a gold 
wire. Tamassos, A. 15. 



134 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

4437. Dog cut in sard. 

4438. Fish in black paste. Cf. glass-paste dolphin {Poli), Cambr., 
Fitzw. Mus, 

4439. Three amphora-shaped pendants of greenstone. Tamassos. 

4440. Plain drop-shaped pendant of onyx. Poli, 24, III. 
4441-4443. Gilded clay pendant-beads, strung on wire. Amalhus, 107. 

Cf. Poli (M. 69) ; J. H. S. xii. p. 324. 
4444. Pendant-bead of black steatite : cylindrical, with incised network 

of lines : hole above for suspension horizontally. Eighth-seventh 

centuries. 
E. Beads of Hard Stones, Glass, and Paste. 
4451 a-e. Flat crescent-shaped beads of sard. Amalhus, 9)0. 

4452. Long bead of rock crystal: three convex sides. Amathus, 80. 

4453. Almond-shaped: similar. Cf. sub-Mykenaean type. Amaihus,\^. 

4454. Necklaceof sard, silver, and variegated paste beads. Amathiis, 186. 

4455. Necklace of sard and silver beads. Amathus, 161. 
4456-4468. Sard and onyx beads; fromTomb Groups, and Miscellaneous. 

4456-4460. INIiscellaneous beads. 4467. Amathus, 250. 



4461. 


Amathus, 


130. 


4468. 'Poll, 135, II. 


4462. 


Amathus, 


58. 


4469. Kuklia, including 4902- 


4463. 


A mathus, 


64. 


4903 (amber). 


4464. 


A mathus. 


19. 


4470. Idalion, 1894, 76. 


4465. 


Amathus, 


44. 


8470. Larnaka, 1894, 3. Cf. 


4466. 


A mathus, 


235- 


Amathus, T. G. 100. 



4471-4479. Bronze Age beads. CfC.M.630-3 and KBH.cU. 6, 10,13,17. 
(a) White gritty porcelain with very thin and fragile pale blue glaze : 
(a) spherical, (/3) spindle-shaped ; both are derived from Egyptian 
XII Dyn. types. Cf. St. Germain, 138 11. 
{b) Very small thick discs. Blue and red, Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 5. 
Red and white, Tamassos. 

4496-4499. Shells used as personal ornaments. 4496. Tamassos, 
4497-4499. Dentalium, sp. Cf. Tridacna shell in Tomb Group, 
Amathus, 130, p. 178; molher-of-pearl shell {Pecteti), Amathus, 91, 
p. 176; Lar?iaka, 1894, 31-7, p. 178. Unio sp., Amathus, 100: 
Larnaka, 1894, 38 : Venus sp., Larnaka, 1894, 31-7. Perhaps used 
as strigils. Cesn. Sal. p. 79. 

CYLINDERS, SEALS, AND GEMS. 

I. Bronze Age. 
A. Cylinders, 
(a) Imported. 

4501. Babylonian cylinder with cuneiform inscription : haematite : in 
original gold mounts. Bezold, Z. f. Keilinschr. II. (1885) 191-193 ; 
KBH. Ixx. 4; Much. Kupferzeit^, 372. Agia Paraskevi. Compare 
Tomb Group, Ag. Par. 1885, i (P- 57)> with which it was found. 
= KBH. clxxi. 14. 

4502. Large mounts for a similar cylinder. Ag. Paraskevi, 1894, 10. 
Cf. KBH. cxlvi. 5 B. 

(jS) Native Cypriote cylinders. All of steatite except 4507, which may 
be a paste resembling ivory. 

' Long, narrow, blue porcelain beads. 



CATALOGUE OF ENGRAVED GEMS. I35 

4503. Man, tree, ox-head, &c. 4507. Geometrical devices : from 

4504. Two men, deer, crescent, &c. same tomb as 4501. . 

4505. Deer attacked by lion. 4508. Device of oblique lines \\\\\ 

4506. Lion seated before tree. • 

[4503-6 : 4508 are the gift of Mr. Eustathios Konstantinides.] 

B. Island-stones : none in Cypr. IMus. (Introd. p. 32). 

II. Early Graeco-Phoenician Age. 

C. Conical, Pyramidal, Cubical, and Prismatic Seals : steatite. 

4521. Flat square seal, perforated : animals, &c. 

4522. Pyramidal seal, perforated, with oblong face. * * * * : cross- 
scratched on one side. ' ' ' — ^ 

4523. Similar : plain. 

4524. Cylindrical, transversely perforated, with enlarged face : ? lion 
rampant. 

4525. Block of pale green steatite, like the material of 4521-4528. 
4526-4528. Conical seals. 

4529. Coarse porcelain ; with this device ^^. 

4530. Low oblong pyramidal seal : green porcelain : hieroglyphic 
inscription. Aviathus, 251. 

D. Scarabs. 

(a) With Egyptian engravitig : porcelain. Cf. Porcelain Ornaments, 
4701 ff. 

4541. 'Ankh' symbol and hieroglyphic inscription. Amathtis, 202. 

4542. Thothmes III. (Ra.men.kepher). Limassol? v. p. 175. 

4543. Thothmes III. Amathus (surface). 

4544. Scarabaeus within elaborate border. Amathus (surface). 

4545. Bearded human figures with crook-topped staff before two 'Tat'- 
shaped pedestals surmounted by hawks : 1 hieroglyphics above. 

4546. Sphinx, wearing crown of Upper Egypt {pshent), and holding 
Atikh symbol. Amathus, 158. 

4547. Hieroglyphic inscription. Amathus, 19. 

4548. Hieroglyphic inscription. 

4549. Hieroglyphic inscription. 

4550. Thothmes III : in silver setting. Salamis. 

(^) With Cypriote engraving : steatite or imitatio7is of porcelain. 

4561. Steatite: goat. Amathus, 130. 

4562. White porcelain in mount of gold-leaf: human figure holding two 
crocodiles. Amathus, 13. Compare 4566 and similar seals in 
British Museum [Amathus, 201). Cf. also Mykenaean island-stone 
from Orvieto. (KBH. xxxii. 38. Helbig, Question Myc^nienne, 1896, 
fig. 24.) 

4563. Ivory : two birds, heraldically supporting a tree. 

4564. White porcelain : deer. 

4565. Bright blue chalky porcelain : human figure nearly obliterated. 
Idalion, 41. 

4566. Similar: human figure kneeling or running, and holding two 
snakes. Compare 4562. 



136 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

4567. Same material : lenticular bead, perforated : pattern of concentric 
circles fr)®Q • Amaihiis, 158. 

4571-4575. Blue paste. Salami's. 4576. Deer : steatite. Salamts. 

4577. Warrior : steatite. Salarnis. 

4578. Lattice-work : scaraboid : steatite. Salamts. 



III. Later Graeco-Phoenician Age. 
(y) Scarabs in hard stone: Oriental styles of engraving. 

4581. Assyrian style: bearded human figure holding spear, seated before 
an incense-stand : a sphinx by his side, and the winged disc above : 
guilloche border: bloodstone. (Figured JHS. xi. p. 54, fig. i. Cf. 
Lajarde, Mithra, Ixxxii. 3 ; KBH. fig. 236 and sp. in De Luynes Coll. 
Bibl. Nat. 242.) Poli, C. E. F. 10. 

4582. Egyptian style : cow and suckling calf: background of stems of 
papyrus : poor work. Clouded red chalcedony. KBH. xxxii. 29. 
Cf. the fine example of same motive in Brit. Mus. {Amathus, 211). 
Poli, 41, IL 

E. Scaraboids. Archaic Greek and Cypriote style. 

N. B. — Gems mounted in rings are numbered with the corresponding unit to that of 
the ring in which they are mounted : e.g. Gem 4584 is mounted in Ring 4184. 

4583. Youthful head to right ; sard, perforated. (Ring 4183.) Poli, 20, II. 

4584. Goat passant regardant, as on coins of Kelenderis: [broken:] back 
entirely cased in chased electrum : sard scarab (in Ring 4184). KBH. 
xxxii. 30. 

4585. Nude female figure crouching and dressing her hair : sard, per- 
forated. (Ring 4185.) 

4586. Plain mounted sard. (Ring 4186.) 

4587. Lyre: mounted sard. (Ring 4187.) /dalion, 26. 

4588. Human footprint: mounted sard. Poli, 106, IL Cf. KBH. 
clxxxii. 43. 

4589. Black jasper. 4590. Green paste. 
4591-4592. Scarab: sard. 



IV. Hellenistic Age. 
F. Plat or Convex Gems, with later Hellenistic engraving. 

4601. Bird: oval flat onyx. Ama/Aus, 2^2. 

4602. Eros wrestling with a wingless figure under a tree : oval flat sard. 
Amathus, 262. 

4603. Athene Promachos : compare the type on the coins of Thessaly: 
sard. (Ring 4203.) 

4604. Warrior with spear and plumed helmet with broad rim, advancing 
to left : convex sard. 

4605. Garnet or garnet paste. (Ring 4205.) Amathus, 22\. 

4606. Sardonyx. ? Soli. 4607. Pale onyx. ? Soli. 



CATALOGUE OF ENGRAVED GEMS, PORCELAIN, ETC. I37 

4609. Hermes to right : drapery and caduceus in right : uncertain 
object in extended left: sard. (Ring 4209.) Amathus, 213. 

4610. Demeter to right : cornucopiae in right : ears of corn in extended 
left: sard. (Ring 4210.) Amaihus, ^g. 

4611. Head to left : sard. (Ring 4211.) Amaihus, 59. 

4612. Eros to left : sard. (Ring 4212.) Amathus, 202. 

4615. Nike advances to left, holding palm branch, and offering a wreath (?): 
onyx in silver mount. (Pendant 4415.) Poli, 99, 11. 



EGYPTIAN (NAUKRATITE) PORCELAIN CHARMS AND 

ORNAMENTS. 

4701-4712. Syffibolic Eyes : — 

4701. Ida/ion, 1894, 76. 4705-4706, 4708-4711. Ama- 

4702. Amathus, 262. thus^ 130. 

4703. Amathus, 58. 4707. Amathus, 27. 

4704. Amathus, ^"i. 4712. ^a/;^^A7r^(Z. Cf. 5577-5578. 
4721-4724. Bes: hideous bearded dwarf: symbolic of happiness : guardian 

of one of the gates of the low^er world. Cf. Heuzey, T-C, p. 73. 
Head. 4721. Blue and black. Ajtiathus, 58. 4722. Yellow 
and black, semicircular disc below. Amathus, 28. 

Full figure: 4723. Amathus, 28. 4724. Amathus, 275. 

4725. Osiris? infant with closed hands on breast: a hawk on each 
shoulder and a standing figure at each side : engraved on the back, 
a female figure with disc on head {Isis ?). Amathus, 28. 

4726-4732. Hawk-headed deity with disc on head. 4726. Idalion, 42. 
4l732. Sa/amis. Without disc : 4727. Amathus, lo"]. 4728. Ama- 
thus, 98. 4729. Amathus, 130. 

4736-4737. Hippopotamus-headed deity. Amathus, 98. 

4741-4742. Isis and Osiris, 4741. Disc on head. 4J]4,2. Yellow 
paste. Amathus, 28. 

4746. Ram-headed deity. Amathus, 98. 

4750. .'' Animal-headed deity (ill-moulded), disc on head. Amathus, 28. 

4751 ff. Animals: — 

4751. Ape. A7nathus, 28. 4762. Crouching figure. Avia- 

4752. Ape. Amathus, 98. thus, 98. 

4753. Cat. Amathus, 262. 4763. Uraeus. Amathus, 158. 

4754. Cow. Amathus, 98. 4764. Not clear. Amathus, 58. 

4755. Cow. Amathus, 2*j^. 4765. ? (yellow). Idalion, 1894, 

4756. Hare. Amathus, 98. 42. 

4757. Lion. Amathus, 98. 4766. Cow. Kamelarga. Cf. 

4758. Lion. Amathus, 28. 5577-8. 

4759. Lion. Amathus, 186. 4767-4768. Lion. Kurion ? 

4760. Ram. Amathus, 98. 4769. Not clear. A?>iathus, 309. 

4761. Sow and pigs. Inscription 
on base. Amathus, 158. 

4770. Altar (.?) of paste, inlaid with yellow, green, and blue enamels ; 

mother-of-pearl backing. (Date and provenance unknown.) 
4775-4776. Bracket-shaped charm. Amaihus, 98. 
4777-4778. Spindle-shaped charm. Amathus, 98, 58. 
4779. Cube : suspended by a ring. Amathus, 202. 



138 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

4780-4781. Similar, with horizontal lines. Amathus, 32. Idalion, 

1894, 76. 
4782-4785. Coral-charms. Tamassos. 

4783. Flat elaborately-pierced discoidal bead. Amathus, 158. 

4784. Scarabaeus, suspended from behind. Amathus, 98. 

Hellenistic Porcelain and Paste Ornaments. 

4791. Draped female figure in high cap : greenish porcelain pendant. 

4792. Hermes, nude : yellow porcelain. Poli, 41, II. 

4793. Harpokrates. Cf. 3161 ff. 

4931. Pendant : youthful face with curly hair. KBH. clxxxii. 28. 
Poh\ 41,11. 

4932. Pendant : disc stamped with a goat. 

4933. Paste pendant : in shape of a wine amphora (cf. 2001). 

4941. Paste ornament : flat behind : reef-knot with tasselled ends. 
KBH. clxxxii. 20 ; cf sp. in Langlois Coll. (^Louvre, Salle M.). 
Poli, 41, II. 

4942. Paste ornament : hollow behind : capital of ' Composite ' order. 
KBH. clxxxii. 27. Poli, 41, II. 

4945-4948. Counters : very common in late Hellenistic and Roman 
tombs. Cf. Cesn. Sal. p. 67 ; Newton, Trav. and Discov. i. 304 ff. (in 
Apollo T. at Kalymnos). 

4949. Knucklebones. Cf. 4950. Glass. 



MISCELLANEOUS HOUSEHOLD AND TOILET ARTICLES. 

4801-4803. Loom rings (sixth-fourth centuries). Pair of funnel-shaped 
rings of silver, like those still used in Cyprus to suspend the native 
loom. Poli. 4801. Gold-plated. KBH. clxxxii. 50. Poli, 12, 
III. 

Fibulae. 

(i) The bow is symmetrical or 7iearly so. 
4821-4823. Bronze. Limassol. 4822. /^(?//, 253, III. 4823. Tamassos. 

(ii) The boiv is unsymmetrical : the hook end prolonged. 

4824. Gold. Kiiklia. Cf Perrot, ii. fig. 319 (New York); iii. fig. 595; 
Dummler, Mitth. Ath. xii. p. 18 ff . ; J. H. S. viii. p. 74, fig. 17. 
{Assarlik (Termera), in Karia) : sp. from Kuklia in Ashm. 
4825-4839. Bronze :— 

4825-4829. Kurion. 4836. Stem beaded. yi;;/a//iwj,278. 

4830-4832. Amathus, i. 4838. Large knobs on stem. 

4833-4834. Amathus, 2']'&. 4839. Small knobs on stem. 

4835. Iron. Amathus, 232. 

(iii) The boiu is bent at ati angle, on which is a knob : the pin 
is bent. 

4840-2. Fragmentary. Cf. Amathus, 263: Kurion, 1895 (Brit. Mus.). 



SILVER PLATE. 139 

Pins for the hair : heads variously ornamented. 

(a) Stiver. 

4851. Head shaped like a Dipylon sword-hilt : the shaft a flat blade with 

central rib : sixth century. (Cf. J. H. S. xi. pi. v. 2. Poli.) AmatJms, 

221. 
4852-4855. Spherical head. Cp. sp. Poli, Cambr., sp. Cesn. Coll. (N.Y.) 

No. 130. 
4857. Gesture charm, thumb between fingers of closed hand : bronze 

shaft. 
4859. Plain silver shaft. 

(/3) Bronze. 
4861. Head flame-shaped. 

4863-4865. Head spherical. 4863. Amathus, 300. 
4867. Head oval, with nail-shaped appendage beyond. 
4869. Head oval, lobed. Cf. Perrot, iii, fig. 293 ; Cesn. Cyprus, p. 312. 

Amaihus, 1894 (Brit. Mus. 94/1 i/i). Cf. bone pins, 4955-4971. 
4871-4897. Vide below (Silver Plate : Byzantine Jewellery). 

Amber. 

4901. Amber ring. Kurion. 

4902-4903. Amber beads. Kuklia (strung with 4469). ' 

N B. — A. P. di Cesnola, Salaminia, pp. 35, 39, says that, in his experience, amber does 
not occur in Cypriote tombs : but though rare, it has been occasionally found 
in early Graeco-Phoenician tombs. Cf. sp. from late Mykenaean tomb, Salamis, 
1896 (Tomb Group 27, p. 184): St. Germain, 15 181 (14 beads, without locality). 

4911. Red coral ring. 

4916-4926. Glass, v. p. 106. 4931-4948. Hellenistic Paste, v. p. 138. 

Objects of Bone and Ivory. 

4950. Knucklebones. (Cf. 4949, Glass.) 

4951. Round-edged blade with moulded sides : flamboyant section thus 
^^^5^^ Perhaps a mesA for net-work. 

4955-4970. Pins. 4955-4960. With rings on turned stem. 4961- 

4970. Plain. Cf silver pins, 4851 ff". 
4971. Pin, head roughly cut into figure of Aphrodite ? A. Cesnola, 1878. 
4:972-4:91 6-4^917 . Cylindrical rods, cf Cesn. Salaminia, PI. vii. 10, 13 : 

part of a frame. 4976-4977. Have perforated bronze tags. 

4978-4979. Square boxes : fragmentary. 
4981 flf. Rings of bone. 
4985-4988. Cylindrical boxes : fragmentary. 

4989. Saucer. 

4990. Stem of spindle-whorl. Salami's. 
4995. Die. Salami's. 



SILVER VESSELS, &c. 

4871-4873. Spoons. Cf Bibl. Nat. 1635-7. 

4881. Patera, with central medallion in border : a horse to right embossed 
and chased : very beautiful sixth century work. Tamassos, A. 4 ; to 



140 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

be published in 'Tamassos und Idalion.' This patera was entire 
when consigned to Nicosia (1889): when rediscovered (1894) in the 
Commissioner's offices at Nicosia it was broken into several pieces. 

4883. Bowl, hemispherical : solid : it appears to be quite plain, but is 
thickly coated with oxide. Ktirion. Cf. an exactly similar example, 
Kiirion, 1895, Brit. I\Ius. 

4884. Krater [noted formerly by 0-R., but missing in 1894]. Kurion, 
1883. 

BYZANTINE JEWELLERY. 

All found together about a mile from Kerynia, close to the high-road 
(vide Introduction, s. v.). 

4891. Necklace of double 8-shaped links, fastened by a hook-and-eye 
between two embossed and perforated discs, each representing 
a crested bird with defiant aspect, within a deep beaded border. On 
the chain, strung from sliding rings, (i) a slightly elongated cross 
with central disc and lobed arms, of the same style but filled with 
foliage ; (2) a pair of flame-shaped pendants, of the same style ; 
(3) a pair of six-sided tubular beads, with beaded ends, strung 
between (i) and (2) to keep them apart. Solid gold throughout. 
For the style, cf. a smaller necklace, with many pendants, in Brit. Mus. 

4892-4893. Pair of earrings. The ring itself is of type h, p. 122, with 
loop below, in which is hung a flat pear-shaped pendant : (i) in the 
centre a flat oval amethyst, longitudinally perforated and suspended 
vertically on a wire within (2) a pear-shaped frame of two beaded 
rims separated by four perforated rays, between which lies (3) a loop 
of small pearls strung on a wire which passes through loops. Solid 
gold throughout. Cf. Brit. INIus. 56/12/23, 1746, Barbetti Coll. 
Sardinia. 

4894-4895. Pair of bracelets, hollow but massive, of flattened oval form, 
swollen in front, and with the ends joined under a narrow ferula 
behind. Gold. 

4896. Finger ring : a flat gold band of chased work like the ornaments 
of 4891 : Byzantine palmette-scroll motive. Gold. 

4897. Finger ring with bezel : flat plain hoop, to which a flat circular 
plate is soldered in front. Solid gold. On the face of the plate is 
engraved a representation of the Annunciation : Gabriel to right, 
with left raised : B. V. Mary to left : both standing, with halos : 
between the heads a lobed cross, like that of 4891 : ? intended for 
the Dove : large exergue below, with pair of volutes with foliage. 
The design is enriched with transparent niello : red, blue, and green. 

4435. The Byzantine bronze cross from Voni (?), p. 148. 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS FROM VARIOUS 

SITES 

The collections of votive offerings from a number of sanctuaries have 
been so far preserved together in the Cyprus Museum, that it has been 
possible to describe the objects which compose them in their original 
connexions. As in the General Collection of Terracottas, the objects are 
grouped according to types and motives, and the successive native styles 
and foreign influences are indicated within each type. The character of 
the cult and the ritual of each sanctuary may be determined with some 
certainty from the characteristic attitudes and attributes of the acolytes 
and votaries : but as votive off"erings seem to have been made wholesale 
in Cyprus at certain centres, it occasionally happened that a pilgrim 
brought from his home an incongruous offering, but dedicated it never- 
theless, e.g. 5140-1, female figures at Voni ; 5347, a warrior at Khytroi\ 
5485, a male head at Soloi. 

I. VONI. 

The Sanctuary of Apollo at Voni lies by the side of the stream at 
the west end of the village, and about a mile and a half from the site of 
Khytroi. Surreptitious digging before 1883 had done much to confuse 
the site, but the ground-plan has been made out with some certainty. 
The walls, in which many of the statues and inscriptions were found 
built up, are not (as was at first supposed on the evidence of a bronze 
coin of Andronikos IV. Palaeologos : IMitth. Ath. ix. 127 ff.) the remains 
of a Christian church, but rather, as excavations at Akhna, Dali, and 
Frangissa have shown in similar sanctuaries (v. KBH. pp. 1-28, iv-viii), 
represent reconstructions of the enclosing walls of the temenos in late 
Hellenistic times, when obsolete or dilapidated dedications were swept 
away and used as building materials. The walls in question enclose what 
was probably the Court of Burnt-Offering, which communicated with 
another larger open court, in which the votive statues were erected : 
Ground- plan, KBH. v: cf. iv-ix, Akhna, Dali, Frangissa, Kuklia (Paphos). 

All the statues excavated were male figures, and of stone, except one 
female terracotta (No. 5 141) and one small female figure in stone (5140). 
Again, with three exceptions, the figures are youthful and beardless, and 
seem to represent — (i) The priest or the worshipper with lustral sprays of 
leaves, incense-boxes (pyxides), offerings, and double flutes ; sometimes 
perhaps idealized in the likeness of the deity; but often in the later 
examples certainly intended as portraits. (2) The deity himself, with 
various attributes; eagle, Nike, fawn, &c. He is identified as Apollo by 
the inscriptions 5143-5145, but the attributes are those of Zeus, indicating 
that Apollo is here specially Clio's npo(f>r)TT]s : the lustral spray marks him 
as Kadapa-iot. (3) ' Temple-boys' (vewKopoi), with dove or duck as attribute, 
such as are found in many Cypriote sanctuaries : cf. 3153 and KBH. xcii ; 
in one case, 5053, a ' Temple-boy ' is associated with the deity himself; he 



142 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

ma}' perhaps represent an associated cult analogous to that of Adonis, 
which is strictly appropriate to the Aphrodite (Astarte) cult. (4) Herakles : 
or Apollo with aiiributes of Herakles, 5136 ff. (5) The Oriental Nature- 
Goddess; here identified as Artemis by the inscription 5156. (6) The 
satyric terms, 5 153-5 154 ; and (7) the Sphinx, 5156, may be accidental 
and informal dedications, such as are occasionally found on many sites 
among the orthodox oflferings : cf. 6163-4, 6168, Tamassos. The 
Sphinx here also may be an oracular attribute of Apollo. 

Votaries playing the double flute. 

5001. Egyptian influence prominent. Male figure with Egyptian head- 
dress completely concealing the hair, but leaving exposed the 
enormous ears : a foldless chiton conceals all the contours of the 
figure, and extends to the feet, which are bare : the double flute is 
held in both hands close in front of the breast, and is played through 
a (f)op^(ia, which, as also the broad hems of the chiton, is coloured 
red : back flat. H. 039 m. Figured KBH. xlii. 6 ; Mitth. Ath. ix, 
p. 131, fig. 2. 

5002. Archaic Greek influence prominent. Male figure enveloped in 
himation, of which only the hem is indicated, passing from left 
shoulder across the front and disappearing behind the knee : feet 
shod, left foot slightly advanced : head bare : hair of the beard 
indicated by rough chiselling : eyes prominent : double flute held as 
before; but no trace of (^op/Seta : hem of himation coloured red : face 
damaged, and middle part of flute missing. H. 0-20 m. KBH. xlii. 2. 

Votaries without attributes. 

5003. I\Iale beardless figure in peaked cap concealing the hair and 
falling on neck behind, and close-fitting foldless chiton from neck 
to bare feet ; body very long, narrow, and flat, in proportion to the 
head : archaic Cypriote features of slightly Egyptian cast : both 
hands pressed to the thighs, palms inwards. H. 0-771 m. KBH. 
xli. 5 ; Mitth. Ath. ix. PI. iv. i. Cf. 5282, Khytroi, for the costume. 

5004. Similar : chiton somewhat looser : left arm as above, right slung 
in a fold of the drapery, which is not otherwise indicated : back 
flat. H. 0-469 m. KBH. xli. 6; Mitth. p. 130, fig. i. 

5005. Head of similar figure, half life-size : archaic Greek influence 
more distinct on this larger scale. H. 0-215 m. 

5006. Young male head of half life-size : hair pressed down tightly by 
a narrow fillet, and ending in one row of simple curls : face rather 
flat (the nose is damaged), cheek-bones prominent, eyes very long 
and narrow, lips very thin and straight, the upper drawn a little 
down over the lower at the corners. Archaic Greek work, unusually 
pure for Cyprus. Cf. Introduction, p. 30. H. 0-177 m. KBH. 
ccxv. 2 a; cf. xiii. 3 {Idalion, 1885). 

6007. Similar head, smaller and finer work : the inner corners of the 
eyes are drawn downwards, especially that of the left : the nose is 
narrow, and the mouth small, with thin lips : the cheeks are cut very 
far away under the eyes, so that the cheek-bones appear somewhat 
prominent : hair as in 5006, but confined by a wreath of bay, and 
ending in hvo rows of curls : the nose is damaged, and the back of 
the head is missing. H. 0-142 m. 

5008. Like 5004, but the outlines of the himation are all indicated in 



SPECIAL COLLECTION FROM VONI. 143 

outline over the chiton : hair as in 5006, but more roughly and 
prominently cut, ends not curled : the lines of the head show far 
clearer traces of archaic Greek influence than those of the bodv, 
which retains a slight Egyptian impression : the face wears a strong 
' archaic smile ' : taenia, lips, and hem of drapery painted red. 
H. 0-609 m. KBH. xli. 4 ; Mitth., PI. iv. 2. 
5000. Head, legs from middle of thigh, right arm, and left hand broken : 
the chiton is not indicated : the himation leaves the right shoulder 
and breast free, and is drawn closely round the body so as to show 
the contours, its folds being indicated by very shallow angular 
cutting and the top hem by a raised band ; the border falls per- 
pendicularly from the left shoulder down the front of the body and 
between the legs : left leg slightly advanced : the left arm is tightly 
draped to the elbow. The arms are both pressed to the hips, but 
stand clear from the waist : the right hand held a palm branch ; 
the left, by a handle, a small square tablet, on which is a dedication 
in four lines of retrograde Cypriote characters : — 



me ? - a - ka - li - ki r t X X i < a ? 

Se • ta • Se • e • ti • ka Karea-Taa-e 

ke • si • ta • Sa • O 6 'S.raa- 1 k- 

se • o • te • re per eo s (st'c) 

Gillikas is known as a Carthaginian name (Pape, Worterb. d. Gr. 
Eigennamen, Pol. 36. i. Cf. Collitz. (Deecke) Gr. Dialekt-Inschr. 
No. 29 (from Drimu : — TiWiKafos rw MapaKaa rjfxl), and No. 120 (from 
Pyla : — TiKKUas OvaaifxaXa) ; also CM. 6221 Foh: = R. Meister, 
No. 25 b. The inscription has been published by D. Pierides, The 
Cyprus IMuseum (Larnaka, 1883): R. Meister, Die Geschichte 
Dialekte II, p. 169, No. 14 c. 

The archaic appearance of the statue at first sight recalls the early 
nude Apollo statues of Boeotia, and it is curious that the chest is abnor- 
mally flattened and depressed like that of the Apollo of Orchomenos 
(Athens, National Museum, No. 9). H. 1-04 m. KBH. xlii. 8. 

5010. Young male figure with both arms by sides, hands closed and 
slightly thrown forward : wearing close-fitting chiton and sleeves to 
the elbow, and himation which hangs from the left shoulder, leav- 
ing the right shoulder and breast free, and envelops the lower part of 
the figure : the broad border falls stiffly down the front of the body : 
left leg advanced : feet and lower part of legs missing : the head 
is large for the body, and shows strong archaic Greek influence : the 
hair is roughly chiselled behind, and is confined by a wreath of bay, 
with three rows of small curls in front : strong ' archaic smile,' but 
the mouth is cut away. H. 0-655 m. Mitth. p. 131, fig. 3. 

5011. Similar : left hand grasps an uncertain object broken away in 
front, right hand missing : shoes painted red : the border of the 
himation resolves itself into a cluster of folds : back only rough- 
hewn, except mass of hair on back of neck. H. 0-305 m. 

Bearded Votaries. 

5012. Bearded male figure, crowned with bay : the hair and beard are 
arranged in formal ringlets, but with some freedom of detail : eyes 
turned down at the inner corners : strong ' archaic smile ' : drapery 



144 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

very poorly treated : right knee advanced : right hand and lower 

part of legs missing. H. 149 m. 
6013. Bearded head, life-size, like 5012, broken behind, and upper part 

of face gone : lips thin : hair in heavy curls rather stiffly cut, but 

more free than 5012. 
5013 a. Similar figure : head and right arm missing. 

5014. Torso ; chiton of ribbed material, showing beneath himation with 
many formal folds : style hard and dry. H. 1-153 m. 

5015. Lower part of body only : flat in front and behind : drapery 
indicated by mere grooves. H. 0-40 m. 

5016. Torso ; poor work : rather slender waist and broad chest. 
H. 0-562 m. 

5017. Bearded head, more than life-size : strongly archaic features : 
hair in broad bands from front to back ; turned up in thick masses 
on the back of the neck ; confined in front by a broad stephane with 
rosettes ; and ending in two rows of formal curls : the beard is only 
indicated by an enlargement of the lower part of the face, below a 
line from before the ear to below the lower lip : this area is left smooth, 
and may either have been coloured, or may have had a separate 
piece attached to it: but there are no cramp-holes. H. 0-294 m. 

5018. Small bearded head, coarsely blocked out : hair drawn down under 
olive or bay wreath : two rows of curls in front : eyes large, 
prominent, and flat : high cheek-bones : mouth tightly closed, with 
* archaic smile ' : broad pointed beard, very conventionally treated, 
after Assyrian fashion, with thin drooping moustache over it : left 
side broken away. H. o-iom. 

Votaries holding dove and pyxis. 

5019. Torso: flat back and front, unworked behind: both arms hang 
down by the sides : hands slightly thrown forward; left holds a dove 
by the wings, right a small pyxis : chiton with waist-band, below 
a loose himation thrown over the shoulders and open in front : 
broad red border down left side, folds indicated by shallow grooves. 
H. o-37m. KBH. xH. 7. 

5020. Similar flat torso : chiton of ribbed texture : himation like 5009, 
but the perpendicular border falls inside the cross folds. H. 0-375 m. 

5021. Rounder figure with head, showing fully developed Greek influence : 
hair in row of curls, under wreath or low polos : top of head flat : 
the left arm is extended from the elbow, and the dove is held in the 
hand : drapery like 5020, but better work : chiton falls to the shod 
feet below the himation, as in 5014. H. 0-48 m. 

5022. Similar, but eyes prominent : flat hair under wreath : chiton of 
crinkled material : red lips, borders of himation, and stripes on 
sleeves of chiton : hair drawn forward under wreath. H. 0-355 m. 
KBH. xli. I ; Mitth., PI. iv. 4. 

5023. Similar : red-bordered chiton of crinkled material with arm-holes 
at level of elbows : no himation. H. 0-47 m. KBH. xli. 3 ; Mitth., 
PI. iv. 3. 

5024. Similar : rather flat shape and poor work : right hand raised, 
palm outwards, in front of shoulder : lower part missing : red border. 
H. 0-375 ni- 

6025. Torso: dove held by wings, and pyxis in left hand: right holds 
a spray of leaves, to sprinkle lustral water : drapery rather more 
advanced : fragmentary. H. 0-34 m. 



SPECIAL COLLECTION FROM VONI. 145 

5026. Similar : head and riglit arm missing. H. 0-89 m. 

5027. Similar : the left arm is bent at the elbow, and holds the bird in 
the hand against the body : right holds a spray of leaves downwards : 
drapery more like Hellenistic types. H. 0-305 m. 

5028. Rather flat and poor work : face rather short and broad, like late 
Hellenistic work. H. 0-442 m. 

5029. Torso, similar. H. o-i8m. 

5030. Torso, similar : later and better work : left knee slightly advanced. 
H. 0-38 m. 

5031. Small, similar : drapery confused, and coarsely executed. H. 
0-194 m. 

Votaries holding a branch, generally upwards, in left hand : 
right hand hangs down and holds pyxis. 

5032. Flat shape : drapery indicated by shallow grooves : elaborate red 
painted border round neck and down sleeve of chiton, and double 
border on himation: head missing and feet mutilated. H. 0-487 m. 

5033. Lower part of similar figure : branch held downw^ards : red 
border. H. 0-225 m. 

5034. Complete figure of flat but better work : like 5021, but of more 
slender proportions. H. 0-59 m. KBH. xlii. 7. 

5035. Similar, lower part only : shoes with thick soles. H. 0-165 '^• 

5036. Like 5023: without himation: shoes like 5035. KBH. xli. 3; 
Mitth., PI. iv. 5. 

5037. More than life-size : very fair Hellenistic work : fine, purely 
Hellenic head with curly hair and slight growth of hair on the 
cheeks : eyes painted in red : spray downwards in right hand, left 
holds a fold of the himation which descends from the right shoulder. 
KBH. xl. 3. 

5038. Similar [head missing] : spray in right, left holds fold of himation. 
5039-5039 a. Similar : smaller : pyxis in right, spray in left. 

5040. More than life-size : same motive as 5037, but the positions of the 
legs are reversed. 

5041. Similar : the name K APYZ roughly scratched on one of the folds of 
the himation, near the right knee. 

5042. Half life-size : left holds fold of himation falling from left shoulder : 
right by side with spray. 

5043-5044. Torso: similar. 

5046-5047. Similar: with pyxis in left, i^n v^. j (pKr^^-ny, - 

Apollo with various attributes. 

(a) Apollo with Eagle. 

5048. Young male figure, fully draped, with luxuriant, flowing, and 
curling hair falling behind, and crowned with bay : himation in 
a heavy roll round waist : the right arm is bare from the elbow, 
and hangs loosely by the side : the left elbow rests on a round 
column with debased Doric capital : cf. that of the Varvakeion 
Athena at Athens : the left hand holds a cylindrical object, 
probably a scroll : on the wrist is an eagle, which looks up at the 
figure : feet broken off at the knee. H. 1-16 m. KBH. xl. 1-2. 

5049. Similar, half life-size : the eagle is held in the hand, instead of 
perching on it : pilaster instead of column : head, feet, and right 
arm missing. 



146 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

(/3) ApoUo with Nike. 

5050. Similar pose : right hand holds palm branch downwards ; left, 
resting on Doric column, holds a figure of Nike in flowing double 
chiton, left foot advanced as if to take flight : right hand raises 
drapery. [Face, feet, and right arm much damaged ; and head, left 
arm, and wings of Nike.] H. 1-95. KBH. xl. 4, 5. 

(y) Apollo with Fawn. 

5051. Similar figure and type of features ; Apollo, resting on Doric 
column, supports a fawn, recumbent on the forearm. H. 1-98. 
KBH. xlii. I. 

5052. Similar torso: left hand holding spray downwards. KBH. 
xlii. 2. 

(S) Apollo with '■Temple-hoy' {Adonis?). 

5053. Similar figure : traces of branch held downwards in missing right 
hand : by the left foot stands a diminutive figure of a boy in heavy 
himation : right hand supported in folds across breast : left hand 
rests on hip, beneath drapery. [The head of the small figure and 
the hands of the larger are missing.] H. i-75. KBH. xli. 8. Cf. 
Brit. Mus. (Dali). 

Similar figures without distinctive attributes. 

5054. Colossal statue : pure Hellenistic w^ork : features full and of 
almost Roman cast : right grasps fold of drapery falling from left 
shoulder : left by side, broken : roll of himation round waist. Cf. 
pose of 5996. H. 2-235 m., the head alone 0-368 m. KBH. 
ccxv. 7. 

5055-5056. Similar: life-size. 

5057-5059. Torso : right, slung in folds of himation, grasps the fold 

which falls from left shoulder : left by side : left knee bent. 
5058. Torso : right arm by side, left raised from elbow under fold of 

himation : left knee bent. 
5060. Half life-size : left holds pyxis : right in folds of himation, which 

then passes down and hangs over left wrist. 
5061-5062. Short: stout: broad fillet in hair: right slung in fold of 

himation : left by side. 5062. Torso. 

5063. Torso : male figure (.?) : nude except for chlamys fastened on left 
shoulder and falling behind : right arm extended sideways nearly 
level with the shoulder : weight of body on right leg. 

5064. Left clasps drapery falling from left shoulder : right by side. 

5065. Right raised in fold of drapery : left holds a roll. 

5066-5072. Standing youthful votaries (cf 511 2 ff.), with flat or low- 
conical caps, often with details in red paint. Cf. Brit. Mus. sp. 
holding an apple, from Dali. 

5072-5107. Heads of more and more Hellenistic type : up to half life- 
size : eyes, lips, and hair often painted red. 5089. Seems to have 
followed a more archaic model. 

5108-5111. Colossal heads of similar Hellenistic type. 5108. Hair in 
large flat spiral curls: crown of four-petalled flowers. 5109-5110. 
Hair less formal : crown of long bay leaves : hair on cheeks. 6111. 
Wavy hair, similar wreath. 



SPECIAL COLLECTION FROM VONI. I47 

Temple-boys : flat-backed statuettes of a boy in short-sleeved 
chiton, half recumbent, with his left leg drawn under him, and 
resting on his left hand. All in more or less clumsy imitation of 
Hellenistic work. Cf. the standing figures, 5066-5072. 

(«) Right hand rests on left foot. 

5112. Traces of red colour on lips and borders of chiton : red patch on 
breast : ? an amulet. 

(3) Right hand rests on S7nall pyxis like that 0/ $oig, d^c. 

5113. Fragmentary: chiton leaves groin exposed : spindle-shaped amulet 
suspended on breast. Cf. St. Germain Mus. 14031 (Cesn.). 

{c) Right hand holds a bird. 

5114-5115. Complete : head crowned with bay : red colour on lips, 

drapery, and bird, and to indicate amulet. 
5116-5120. Similar : more or less mutilated : red colour. 

{d) Right leg drawn up and resting on left hand, which grasps the bird: 
left rests on right leg. 

5121. Complete : head crowned with bay : poor work. 

5122. Heads of boy and bird missing. 

5123-5124. {e) The bird, apparently a duck, is held on the left forearm, 
and its beak rests in the right hand. As both these figures are much 
mutilated it is not clear whether they were recumbent or not ; but 
5123 has a head of the same type as the preceding, and has the 
spindle-shaped amulet on the breast. Compare the standitig ' Temple- 
bo}',' 5053, and the fragment 5208 [Khytroi). 

5125. (/) Same attitude as {a) : the right hand holds an uncertain 
object, perhaps a bunch of grapes, in front of the body. 

5127. {g) A very small statuette of rather detailed workmanship : same 
attitude as {a) : right arm and attribute missing. 

5128. Head of same type as (a). 

5129-5135. (h) Heads of similar type, but wearing a flat cap with 
distinct rim all round. Cf. 5066-72. 

Herakles ? 

5136. .Flat-backed statuette of careless work, after a late Hellenistic model : 
nude except for the himation, which falls behind from shoulders : 
left hand holds an object which perhaps represents a thunderbolt : 
right hand rests on club which is very roughly indicated : traces of 
red colour on drapery: head missing. H. to shoulder, 0-20 m. Cf. 
KBH. xlii. 5 (Berlin IMuseum). 

5137. Similar : the object in the left hand is flat and square. H. 0-15 m. 
Cf. 6 1 18, Tamassos {Frangissa). 

5138. Head with lion's skin over it, so that the large jaws cover the ears 
of the wearer : careless work. H. 0-085 ^^^• 

5139. Similar, smaller, rougher head. 

Artemis or Aphrodite. 

5140. Draped female figure in high relief on convex flat -backed 
slab : both hands support the prominent breasts : sleeves fall in 
heavy folds from the long wrists : traces of red on background : 

L 2 



148 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

elaborate necklace. [Head and feet missing.] H. of existing 
parts, 0-13 m. 

5141. Artemis (?) : a moulded Hellenistic terracotta: a female figure in 
long chiton, girt below the breasts, leans against a tree on her right 
side : left hand rests on hip, palm outwards : right leg crossed in 
front of left : head missing. H. 014 m. 

Inscriptions. 

5142. Large base. KAPYS ONAZAPOPA 

5143. Base with two sockets. KAPYOZ AnOAA[nNI] 

YOEP ONASIAPOY ArAGAITYXAl 

5144. Inscription. NIKOAHMOZ YIOI KAPYOZ AnOAAHNI 

ZIA//// EYIXHN 

5145. Square base with rough torus cornice : — 

AH //AA\y NOCIEpL 'A^dJXXcoro? Up6[i> 

5146. Ar///AOHT///XHI dy a6f,[r{,]xv 
KPATElAArOPI^AI 'Ey>parf m dyop[ai]a 

TEM I AIEYX ////// 'ApJr.>tS6 eix[iv 

5147. Irregular block of limestone : edge dressed : inscription on curved 
surfaces : — 

LrrOPniAlOIOlACOC (erovy)y ' Tofmiaiui eiaaos 

TnCAnOCKeYhC T?is anoaKev?]! 

eoYceNTOiepeoN €[e]v(T€v t6 upiov 

LA TOI€PeON O0IA (erou? )8' to Upiov 6 6la- 

COCTUUN H AYAAIUUN uos rav 'nbvkalav 

LEOGIACOC TUU {tTov^y 6 eUta-oi tS)[v 

K I C AUU//A TO I € PON KLadco[v] rh Up6v 

Miscellaneous. 

5148. Fragment of colossal statue of Egyptian style (fragment of left 
arm with two amulets) cut down into a base with square sockets. 

5149-5150. Base with two square sockets. 

5152. Large saddle-quern of ^'t'.y?W//ar volcanic rock. Cf. 471 ff. 

5153-5154. Term : satyric bearded head. Cf. 5304, Khytroi. 

5155. Upper part of small slab of limestone, with hole through it : 
upper edge shaped into a pediment, with two mutilated birds on it, 
facing each other : traces of red colour. 

5156. Sphinx : torso. Cf. 6 163-6 164, 6168. 7awaj.rM (/^;-a72^ma). 

5158. Right arm of half-life-size statue with bracelet, holding pyxis. 

5159. Similar, holding fruit: spiral bracelet. 

5160. Conical omphalos ? 0-03 m. high. 

5161. Similar, with a hole in truncated top. 

5162. Similar : moulded round top. 

5163. Bronze statuette of a deer. L. 0-049, H. 0-035. =C. M. 3862. 

5164. Cornice with egg-and-dart ornament in very low relief. 
5165-5166. Small square incense-altar. 

5167. Rough head cut out of a block of limestone. 

5168. Small saucer. 

5169-5173. Lamps : late Cypriote and Roman. Cf. 1419. 
5176-5177. Strombus-shells for trumpets. 

4435. Bronze cross [v. p. 140]. 



SPECIAL COLLECTION FROM KHYTROI. I49 



II. KHYTROI {Kythred). 

Temenos with numerous votive statuettes and figurines identified, by 
inscriptions 5390-5391, as a sanctuary of the ' Paphian Goddess.' 
(Introduction, s. v.) "" 

A. Stone Statuettes : usual flat-backed technique. Cf. Vo7ii above, 
and 5282, 5296, 5301, below, 

a. Crouching boys. Cf. Voni, 5 1 1 2 fF. 

5201. Left hand on a patera : chiton drawn up above groin. 
H. 0-204. 

5202. Left hand on a bird : chiton drawn up above groin. H. 0-155. 
5203-5207 a. Bird held in right hand. H. 0-17 (5203). 

5208. With characteristic necklace of signet rings, with bull's -head 

pendant: cf. 4375. H. 0-175. 
5208 a. Similar necklace : htwian- headed hwWs. KBH. xxxiii. 3. 
5209-5216. Heads of similar boys. H. 0-28 (5209). 5211. Wears a flat 

cap. H. 0-115. Cf. Vofii, 5129 ff. 5212-5213. A stephane : .? a 

female head. H. 0-22-0-12. 

b. Nursing mothers. Goddess (?) seated on throne with high back 
and arms; heavily draped; veil over head; holding on left knee 
a swathed child, in pointed cap : all in a plain rectangular 
frame. 

5217-5219. Native early style : foldless drapery ; coarse and heavy. 

H. 0-148 (5217). 
5220-5222. Egyptian influence in treatment of the head : foldless 

drapery. H. o-i86. 5221-5222. Wear a single necklace. 

H. 0-082. 

5223. Greek influence perceptible in head ; drapery still foldless, but 
better modelled. H. 0-164. 

5224. Greek influence : double necklace : drapery painted red. H. 
o-i 17. 

5225. Greek influence : head only. H. 0-055. 

5226-5240. Greek influence increasing; folds of drapery indicated, 

except in 5230. 5226. H. 0-146. 5227. Details painted red. 

5228. High polos over veil. 
5241-5252. Heads, similar. 5241. H. o-o88. 5241-5246. High polos. 

Cf. 5226. 5244-5247. Peculiarly pure archaic Greek style. Cf, 

Voni, 5005, &c. 

B. Terracottas. 

c. Female devotees, erect. 

(a) ' Snow-man' technique : 

5253-5254. Cylindrical trunk : both arms raised to head. 
5255-5257. Heads of similar : nose, brows, cheeks, chin, and ears 
prominent, H, 0-06-0-058-0-067. 

N. B. — Heights of fragments include present plaster bases (0-R.). 



150 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE 

(3) Mould-pressed technique : Egyptian features and heavy headdress : 
nude, or in diaphanous drapery. 

5258. Hands by sides : douhXt x\Qc\^zce. H. 0186. 

5259. Hands by sides : a thick lock of hair falls in front of each shoulder. 
H. 0065. 

5260. Hands by sides : hair arranged in bands from back to front, 
descending low on forehead in Egyptian fashion : elaborate necklaces 
with pendant discs. H. 0-249. Cf. Kuklia, 4377) ^"tl similar 
specimen in Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 

5261-5265. Hands by sides : hair in broad groups of plaits in front of 
shoulders (= beginning of Greek influence). H. o- 105-0- 138. 

5266. Hands by sides : same type rendered in Greek style : chiton with 
diplois girt across breasts: heavy necklace. H. o-ii. 

5267. Both hands support the breasts : Egyptian influence, drapery 
foldless. H. 0-092. 

5268-5273. Both hands support the breasts : Greek influence growing: 
chiton indicated : high pointed headdress with veil falling behind : 
necklace of pendants like 4365 (fifth and early fourth century type, 
q. v.). H. 0-09-0- 1 1 8. 

N. B. — All these appear to be fragments of ' Ring-dances ' (vide below). 
h' . Nursing motliers. 

5274-5275. ' -Sz/ciw-^wa;/ ' technique. H. 0-067 (5275). 
5276-5280. ^^^;/>//a« technique. Cf. 526ofT. H. 0-066-0-093. 

5281. Greek technique: pointed cap, cf. 5268 ff.: locks of hair on 
shoulders. H. 0-077. 

d. Female votaries of various types. 

5282. Egyptian features, headdress, necklace, and foldless drapery : left 
arm slung across in arm-hole of chiton. H. 0-225. Cf Voni, 5003- 
5004. \Stone?^ 

5283. Similar: arms in free sleeves. H. 0-208. 

5284. Pyxis in left hand. H. 0-155. 

5285. Himation indicated over chiton. H. o-ii. 

5286. Pose of 5260 flf. H. o-i2i. 

5287. Tambourine in left hand. H. 0-06. 

5288. From a ring-dance. H. 0-132. 

5289. /7owfr-(5^flrd'r ; archaic Greek influence. H. 0-133. Cf. 3035ff. 
and Idalion below, 

5290-5295. From ring-dances (vide below) : joined at the shoulders, 

except 5295. H. 0-066-0-116. 
5296. Tambourine player : cf 5284: tambourine in left hand, beaten 

with right. H. 0-155. \Stone7\ 
5297-5298. Tambourine player from ring-dances (vide below). H. 

0-079-0-052. 
5299. Tambourine player: Egyptian style: cf. 5360 ff. : tambourine 

level with left shoulder. H. 0-074. 

5301. Tambourine player : foldless drapery : gourd-drum instead of 
tambourine. H. 0-113. \Stone?\ 

5302. Double-flute players : Y.%-^\)'(\?iW i,\.)\t. Cf 5260 ff. H. o-o66. 

5303. Double flute-players : Phorbeia indicated in relief. H. 0-047. 



SPECIAL COLLECTION FROM KHYTROI. 151 

5304. e. Satyr, bearded: archaic Greek style. H. o.o52. Cf. 5153, 

Voni. 

5305. f. Conventional trees (Cypresses?) in centre of a ring-dance 
(vide below). H. 0-083. 

5306-5314. Detached : degenerating into a mere club-shaped column. 
H. 0-097-0-058, 

g. Ring-dances of three or more mould-pressed figures: all 
fragmentary. 

5315-5322. Egyptian style, cf. 5260 ff.: rounded stephane. H. o-o68- 

0-127. 
5323-5332. Archaic Greek influence : peaked cap : hands joined. 

H. o- 1 1 9-0-08 1. Cf. Louvre, MNB. 1749. 
5333-5334. Archaic Greek influence : raising drapery with both hands. 

H. 0-09-0-1 12. 

h. Animals and birds. 

5340. Dove: very small : ' snow-man' technique. H. 0-035. 

5341. Cock's head : stone: crest painted red. H. 0-052. 

5342. Lion's head, like Rhodian work : jaws open : tongue hanging 
down in front : long tubular neck : .? mouth of a drain-pipe. 
H. o-io. 

5343-5344. Horses' heads of Dipylon type: cf. 3317, 6012 {Tamassos), 

5562 (Kamelarga). H. o-ii8-o-io6. 
5445. Horses' heads: elaborate bridle of a////^<f Z£;(?r/^; clay. H. 0-075. 

I. Miscellaneous. 

5335. Draped figure : left elbow leaning on a column : left leg crossed 
in front of right. H. 0-094. 

5336. Small head with wavy hair and peaked headdress : Hellenic 
{Tanagra) influence. H. 0-038. 

5337. Mould for terracotta of Egyptian style. H. 0-071. Cf. Louvre 
(Heuzey, No. 58-63). 

5337 a. Figure carrying large flat bowl on head, supported by left hand : 
right hand by side. H. 0-06. Cf Kamelarga, votaries 5525 ff". 5540. 

5338-5339. Archaic Greek style : stone fragments : spiral earrings in 
upper lobe of ears. H. 0-06-0-07. 

5340-5345. Animals and birds (vide above). 

5346. Pendant. H. o-o8. 

5347. Warrior : columnar type : right arm raised : painted shield ® 
H. 0-073. 

5348. Small boy figure in peaked cap. H. 0-056. 

5349. Columnar rod of clay : row of impressed circles round base. 
H. 0-107. 

5350 ff. Miscellaneous heads of preceding types. H. 0-048 (5350). 

5398. Large terracotta head like 5719 ff". {Idalio?i): Cypriote style: 
rather square face with wide open eyes and prominent nose : eye- 
brows ' feathered ' with incised lines : traces of black colour. KBH. 
xlviii. 4. 

5399. Upper part of hollow terracotta figure like 5557 {Kamelarga): 
rude work : very broad face, without any distinct attempt at style. 



152 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

X-. Inscriptions. 

5390. Slab of limestone with top and right edge preserved. L. o-o8, 
H. o-ii, Thickness 0025. Inscription in Cypriote characters, retro- 
grade, in three lines : — 

ta.se — te . o — e . mi — ta.se — pa . pi [ . a . se — ka.se — me 

Tas Qfu) ^/xi ra? Ilac^iTfiy Kas {ko.)^ I^( 

ka . te . te . ke — ka . ri . ti . mo . se — o — [ 

KOTfdrjKe XapiTifxos 6 [ 

i.tu.ka.i-f-] — te[--]-i — te — i 
i[f] Tvxa ['(") ] '"' ^"' ''] 

Plate VIII, published by D. Pierides, The Cyprus Museum, I. 

{Lar7iaka, 1883); cf. R. Meister, Gr. Dialekt-lnschr., ii. p. 168, 

No. 14 a. 

5391. Statue base with socket, of limestone : top, bottom, and left side pre- 
served. Inscription in Cypriote character, retrograde : in three lines : — 

ta.se — te . o — e .] mi — ta.se — pa . pi . 

Tu^ 060) r\\iX Tai Ilacfii- 

a . se — a . u ] ta . ra — me — e . ve . se 

as avJTop fie 'ifecre 

] mi . se — i . tu . ka . i 

Plate VIII, published by D, Pierides, op. cit. II. ; cf. R. Meister, 
op. cit. p. 168, No. 14 b. 

III. SOLOI (Soliais). 
Temenos with votive terracottas (Chronicle of Excavations, p. 4). 
Ring-dances. Cf. Khytroi, 5315 ff. 

5401. {a) ' Snow-man' techiique: base flat, with hole in centre only, 
H. o-oii. 

5402. Three figures in tall caps [one missing] : double-flute player within 
the ring: eyes, &c., put on as separate pellets. H. 0-137. Cf. St. 
Germain Mus. 18031 (Cesn.). 

5403-5412. Doul)le-flute players from ring-dances. H. o-o59-o-i45. 
5413-5447. Dancers from ring-dances : drapery indicated by scratched 
lines; gradual advance of style. H. o-039-o-i27. 
5414. Ring joined by bands between shoulders : hands clasped in 

front. H. 0-071. 
5421. Ring joined hand to hand. H. 0-077. 

5422-5428. Not joined : arms extended forward. 11.0-039-0-127. 
5451. Veil over head : necklace of three discs : breasts marked by 

pellets: arms joined. H. 0-114. 
5448-5450. {b) Moulded figures, hollow behind : Egyptian influence. 

Cf. 5260 ff. 
5467, 5476-5477. Similar : heavy necklace of pendants. 
5452-5458. (f) Greek influence beginning. Similar figures. H. 0-055. 
5459. Drapery finished by modelling: peaked hood thrown back. 

H. 0-127. 
5460-5465. Distinctly moulded : hollow behind. H. 0-076-0-1 13. 
5466. Better work : left arms are raised to rest on the shoulder of the 
next figure. H. 0-056. 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. III. SOLOI. IV. KITION. 153 

Miscellaneous. 
5484-5485. Male head in cap with peak falling backward : ' snow-man ' 
technique. H. o-042-o-043. 

5486. Female nude figure: hands by sides. Cf. 5460. H. 0-148. 

5487. Female nude figure : hands on breasts. Cf. 5270. H. 0-148. 

5488. Female standing, in heavy drapery to feet : arms slightly thrust 
forward from the elbow under it : masses of hair on head and neck. 
H. 0-218. 

IV. KITION. 

Kamelarga Site. Sanctuary, probably of Artemis, with 

Terracottas. 

The sanctuary lies close to the north boundary of Kition, being in 
fact bounded on that side by the town wall ; about 100 yards S.W. of the 
main street of Old Larnaka, and abutting on a path described as Leopold 
Street, behind the Commissioner's garden. Only one small area has at 
present been examined, as the site is covered by six to eight feet of soil 
full of later foundations, belonging to the Hellenistic town, and to a 
modern camel-stable from which the field gets its name. In the two 
productive shafts, which struck a rubbish heap of votive offerings, the 
terracottas were packed very tightly, whole and broken specimens 
together, in a layer over three feet thick. Some types only occurred 
near the top, others near the bottom ; but there was no distinct division 
into layers. Most of the statuettes and all those in the uppermost layers 
are female ; and the commonest type represents the votary, whether male 
or female, playing a tambourine : only two or three harp-players were 
found, and those near the bottom : the double flute does not occur at all. 
Next in order of frequency are those where the votary brings an offering — 
calf, bird, flower, dish of cakes, or bowl of wine ; some female figures of 
the last-named variety carry a Cypriote lamp on their heads. Some of 
the males with birds carry also a short sword under the left arm. Other 
male figures carry, besides the sword, a pointed helmet and a small 
round shield with pointed central boss, like that from Amathus in the 
Cesnola Collection. Two female figures carry an infant in arms : these 
do not indicate the deity as ' nursing mother,' but represent the votary 
and her baby ; for in one of the specimens, which fell to the share of the 
excavator (now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford), the child stretches 
out its hands in adoration. The same remark applies to the armed male 
figures. On the other hand, a few figures were of the Oriental type, 
where the figure is nude and the hands support the swollen breasts : cf. 
Heuzey, ' Figurines Antiques du Louvre,' Cyprus, No. 58 ff.; but these are 
rare, and with a very few exceptions are made wholly in a mould, and are of 
strongly Egyptian character : but the one statuette of undoubted Egyptian 
fabric (green-glazed porcelain with hieroglyphic inscription) is unfortu- 
nately missing below the shoulders. A few other amulets and fragments 
of blue porcelain were also found in the lower layers, and a few beads of 
variegated glass. The only other extraneous objects were a half-Greek 
statuette in painted limestone, a simple bowl like 929, and a 'bottle-jug' 
like 1023. The few statuettes of stone were of rude flat fabric ; the most 
remarkable (5571) is of a type which is common at Akhna, but is hardly 
represented here at all. 

The great majority of the terracottas are made on a very simple plan. 
A coarse clay funnel, about 0-15 m. long and 0-04 to o-o6 m. broad, is 



154 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

thrown on the potter's wheel : into tlie narrow end of this a flat-backed 
head, pressed in a shallow mould, is fixed, as in a socket. The arms and 
attributes are added in separate pieces, and the whole figure is dipped 
in a pale creamy slip, and decorated with black and purple-red paints, 
which easily wash ofl^. The figure stands on the broad end of the 
funnel ; not a bad representation of stiff heavy drapery. This explains 
the case with which the same kind of head and trunk could be pro- 
vided with difterent poses and attributes, and also the difficulty of 
extracting the figures whole, even if the heads were not loose in their 
sockets already. 

All the principal varieties are catalogued below and exhibited in the 
INIuseum ; but as the whole Government collection amounts to several 
hundreds, a much larger series might be profitably arranged hereafter. 

A. Tambourine-players. The tambourine is held upright and 
edgeways in the left hand in front of the body, and is beaten with 
the right. 

Sfyle a. 5501-5502. The figure is fashioned in one piece in a mould : 
hollow and flat-backed : Egyptian influence in headdress and features. 
All female. Fine light red clay : no traces of slip or paint. Only found 
in the uppermost layers near the west end of the mass. 

5501. Headdress pointed. H. 0-19. 5502. Headdress round. 

Sfyle b. 5503-5514. The figure is a coarse funnel, bulging again 
above : whitish clay. Head very coarsely fashioned with a mould and 
flat behind : face dark red, black hair and features : eyes white with black 
outlines and pupils : drapery indicated by geometrical black lines. 

5503-5505. Female : commonest near the top. H. o-2o6-0'ii6. 
5512-5514. Male: bearded: pointed cap. H. o-i26-o-i76. 

Sfyle c. The funnel narrows evenly upwards : slip and paint as before, 
but easily washed off. 

5506-5508. Female: H. o-i83-o-i95. 5508. Small head of Egyptian 
type with thick lips and heavy curled black wig. H. 0-239. Cf. 
Louvre, Heuzey, T-C. 96-7. 

5515. Male: as before. H. 0-20. 

5509-5510. The tambourine is held upright between both hands : 

female. H. o- 195-0- 181. 
5511. The tambourine is held flat against the breast (cf. 5571) : female. 

H. 0-136. 

B. Harp-player. Style c. Female. 

5516. The harp, of three-cornered type (cf. 3 113 ff-), is held on the left 
arm, and played with the right. H. 0-252. 

C. Suppliants : merging in Types A and E. 

5517. Hands pressed together, fingers upwards : pointed cap : female. 
Sfyle b. H. 0-203. 

5518-5519. Hands on breast, right over left : female. Sfyle b. H. 0-183- 
o-i6. 

D. Mother and child. Sfyle c. Cf. St. Gerrti. 18034. 

5520. The child is carried on the left arm and looks to right ; only its 
head and shoulders are indicated : in another specimen, mentioned 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. IV. KITION (KAMELARGA). 155 

above, the child leans forward and outward; arms are added 
extended in an attitude of adoration. H. o-i8. 

E. Votaries bringing offerings. Style c, except those mdicated. 

(a) Female figures. 

5521, Small indistinct object. Figure short : headdress applied in relief. 

Style b. H. o-x^. Louvre, Heuzey, T-C. 94-5. 
5522-5524. The offering develops into a dish of cakes. H. o-202-o-225. 
5525-5526. Offering a deep bowl with incurved rim. H. o-22-o-236. 

5527. Tall cup, held in right hand; left laid on rim. 

5528. Calf or kid, held in both arms. H. 0-135. Louvre, Heuzey, 
T-C. 99. 

5532. Similar calf, detached from a much larger figure. H. 0-105. 

5529. Swan, held in both arms: peculiar features and heavy Egyptian 
headdress. H. 0-217. Cf. sp. in Louvre, uncatalogued. 

5530-5531. Dove. 5531. Head of figure missing : elaborate geo- 
metrical pattern on skirt. H. 0-189. Cf Loicvre, Heuzey, T-C. loi. 

5533-5534. Wreath : a plain flattened roll of clay with crossed ends : 
cf. the wreaths on No. 6313, Idalion. H. 0-177. 

(^) Similar bearded male figures, with: — 

5535. Bird: pointed helmet. Style b. H. 0-152. 

5536. Bird: Egyptian wig. H. 0-128. 

5537. Bird in right hand : short sword under left arm : pointed helmet : 
cf Type G. H. 0-113. 

5538. Three-petalled flower. H. 0-245. 

5539. Indistinct flower on a bowl. H. 0-259. 

F. Lamp-bearers : always female. Style c. 

5540. Figure like 5525, holding a bowl : a Cypriote shell-lamp stands 
on the head like a cocked hat. H, 0-213. 

G. Armed warriors : bearded. Style c. 

5541. Short sword under left arm. H. 0-17. 

5542. Similar, with round shield slung over left arm, and pointed Assyrian 
helmet like that from Thebes (W. M. F. P. 1896). H. 0-33. 

H. ' Oriental Goddess ' type. Cf I, belotv. Style c. 

5543. Prominent breasts, with arms crossed below them. H. 0-14. 

I. Nude female figures of ' Oriental Goddess ' types : ivholly 
pressed in mould : solid a7id fiat-backed : strongly Egyptian style. 

5544-5545. Hands by sides : heavy black wig : face and neck red. 
H. 0-156-0-148. 

5546. Hands raised to grasp heavy locks faUing in front of the shoulders. 
H. 0-133. 

5547. Left hand supports breast, right rests on abdomen. H. 0-069. 

5548. Similar : the figure is flatter and more carelessly executed, and 
the hair projects like a cushion on each side of the head. Cf. Louvre, 
Heuzey, T-C. 109, PI. vi. 5. 

Miscellaneous. 
5549-5555. Pleads of figures of the preceding types. 
5549. Negress. H. o-o8. 



156 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

5550-5553. Male. H. o- 105-0-03. 5550. Has a grotesquely long 
pointed beard. 

5554. Child.? H. 0-058. 

5555. Male head : pointed cap with ornament applied in relief. The 
beard is broken, and shows that it was not moulded with the 
head, but added afterwards by hand. H. 0-146. 

5556. Similar cap with relief ornaments : modelled. H. 0-105. 

5557. Upper part of large female fi_L!;ure : head moulded as usual: 
Egyptian headdress : features in paint. H. 0-274. 

5558-5559. Large female heads of nearly pure Cypriote type. H. 
0-167-0-123. 

5560. Female mask, hollow, with holes for suspension : Egyptian 
features, with headdress entirely covering the hair. H. 0-115. 

5561. Similar, with Egyptian features and headdress : two large spiral 
ornaments in the ear, of three turns above, and four (two broken 
since discovery) below. H. 0-12. 

5562. Horse's head : rude type like that of the Dipylon. H. o-i i. 

5563. Horse's head : more advanced work with modelled bridle, &c. 
H. 0-082. Cf. 3317 ; and 6013 (Ta/fiassos). 

5564. Horseman in crested helmet like a Phrygian cap. H. 0-08. 

5565. Dove like 3261 ff. and 6071 {Tamassos). H. 0-061. 

6566. Bull's head, modelled hollow for suspension : vigorous native 
style; black paint. H. 0-085. 

5567. Shield Hke that worn by 5542 : concave behind, with small handle 
in centre : pointed boss outside : red bands edged with black, and 
alternate black and red triangles on rim: cf. Larnaka, 1894, 60. 
(Ashm. Mus.), and Kurmi (Brit. IMus. 1895, g(i/2/i, 131). 

5568. Spindlewhorl of coarse brow^n clay, very like the Bronze Age type. 
H. 0-03. 

5569. H. o-io. 

Stone figures. 

5571. Female figure in the flat style (cf. Vo?n, 5001 ff. and Akhna, Brit. 
INIus.) in long chiton with arm-holes level with the elbow : feet bare : 
long hair falling behind the head : right hand by side, left holds 
tambourine flat on the breast. Very fully coloured : chiton red, 
with black border, and apparently a long fringed stole over it (cf. 
Brit. Mus. A. 9, 10, 15, 18 {Ak/ina), KBH. Ixviii. i. 13): black hair, 
and apparently red face. H. 0-382. 

5572. Male torso, broken at shoulders and knees : arms by sides : left leg 
slightly advanced : body very long and narrow : flat style, but fairly 
fully modelled. Traces of red colouring represent a tight-fitting striped 
chiton, merged in a red loincloth or pair of tight drawers. H. 0-228. 

5573. Head in pointed cap : not unlike 5001 ( Vont), but cut narrow and 
with pointed chin : very large ears and prominent eyes. H. 0-103. 

5574. Similar: rather better work, but much damaged. H. 0-109. 

5575. Head like 5006 {Voni) showing archaic Greek influence: hair 
confined by a mural crown? H. 0-12. 

5576. Group : a boy, with head missing, in long chiton, coloured red, in 
' Temple-boy' attitude, with left hand on the head of a dog, coloured 
yellow, which sits to left in front of his left knee, and looks away 
from him : right arm missing, but apparently resting on left knee. 
H. 0-08. 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. IV. KITION. V. IDALION. 157 

Porcelain figures : both apparently of Egyptian workmanship. 

5577. Statuette : greenish glaze : head, broken at the neck, with formal 
wig and beard : crowned with elaborate vase-like ornament. Hiero- 
glyphic inscription down back (vide PI. VIII). H. 0-082. 

5578. Fragments of blue-glazed statuette : bare feet, &c. 
4712. [q. v.] Symbolic eye. 4766. Cow. 

5579. Square stone altar of incense, hollowed above. H. 0-158. Cf. 
5 1 65-5 1 66 {Voni). 

Batsalos Site. 

The excavations of 1894 showed that the site had been completely 
looted by L. P. di Cesnola (vide Chronicle of Excavations, p. 6). 

5590. Female figure : pressed in mould : Hellenistic [fragmentary]. 

5591. Horse: apparently of ' snow-man ' technique : much weathered : 

cf. 3307 ff- 
5592 fF. Fragments of Attic red-figured pottery : one bears the graffito 
C. M. 1996; another 1997: both in Phoenician characters. 

Bambula Site. 

5599. Early capital with almost spherical bowl, and large flat volutes : 
small palmettes fill the spaces beneath the volutes : native limestone. 
KBH. cxcvii. i. H. 0-45, D. 0-44. Government Excavation, 1879. 



V. IDALION (Dali). 

Statuettes from theSanctuary of Aphrodite, excavated in 1885 
close to the village : the greater part of the collection is in the Berlin 
Museum. The statues are all female, and of small size (0-5 m. downwards). 
Vide Chronicle of Excavations, p. 3. Cf Louvre, Heuzey, T-C. 78, 79, 86. 

A. Stone : flat-backed standing figures. 

(a) Egyptian features and headdresses, often flattened above : foldless 
chitons : feet usually bare. 

5601. Tambourijie-player : necklace of square beads with pendant: cf 

4351 ff'. H. 0-21. 
5602-5603. Right arm slung in chiton, cf. 5004 ( Voni) : necklace of 

beads. H. 0-125. 
5604. Flower-bearer of very tall, narrow proportions. H. 0-308. 
5605-5607. Fragments. 
5608-5636, Heads: all more or less Egyptian: cf. 5795-5798- 

H. o-i 15-0-059. 

(/3) Similar flgures: transition to archaic Greek style like 5006-5007 ( Voni). 

5637. Hair represented on Egyptian headdress by tooling. [Head only.] 

H. 0-I03. 
5638-5639. Hair represented on Egyptian headdress by deep furrows 

radiating from the crown, [Head only.] H. 0-074-0-095. 
5640. Pose of 5602 : foldless drapery : double necklace : Greek influence 

on the features, and distinct archaic smile : three rows of curls under 

stephane. H. 0-149. 



158 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

5641. Flower-hearer, raising drapery with left hand : himation, distinctly 
shown over chiton, falls from shoulder under left arm, with a long fold 
down right side (cf. the archaic figures of the Acropolis Museum, 
Athens) : Greek features : three rows of curls under high Stephana 
or polos : no necklace or earrings, but bracelet with open ends (cf. 
C.I\r. 4250 flf.) on each wrist : traces of red colour on lips, stephane, 
and himation. H. 0-302. 

5642. Thoroughly Greek archaic model : quite straight nose : lower part 
of face finely cut, but eyes still flat and prominent: hair roughly tooled, 
three rows of curls falling in front of ears (cf. Athens, AcropoHs 
]\Iuseum,444; Musses d'Ath^nes, Pl.vi.: C.IM.5006) under prominent 
stephane, and in heavy mass behind neck : large flat round earrings : 
small pendant at throat. [Readonly.] H. 0-114. 

5643-5649. Similar, coarser. H. o-i 15-0-04. 
5644. Four rows of beads round throat. 

5650. Flower -hear er : himation over chiton indicated by incised lines, 
cf. 5019 {Voni): hair in pointed net behind, under narrow stephane. 
H. 0-133. 

5651. Flower-hearer: folded chiton and himation: over all a foldless 
cloak, falling straight from the shoulders, and coloured red : feet 
shod. [Head missing.] H. 0-163. 

5652-5657. Similar heads with pointed headdress made of a long band 
wound round the hair in two or three successive directions, leaving 
a row of curls in front: large rosette earrings. H. 0-112-0-095. 

5658. Very flat torso like 5650. H. 0-086. 

5659. Flower-hearer : flower in left hand, which carries a heavy fold of the 
himation : drapery indicated by grooves : necklace of pendants (cf. 
4364) : feet shod: hand and right arm missing. H. 0-302. 

5662. Flower-hearer : fringed stole over chiton: cf. 5571 {Kamelarga). 
H. 0-17. 

5660-5661. Cake-bearers: draped like 5659: right hand lifts folds of 
himation : dish of cakes on left arm, much foreshortened : heavy 
double collar: red-coloured borders: cf. terracotta 3500 {Akhna). 
H. 0-195-0-155. 

5663. Head with headdress like 5652, but not pointed: heavy roll of 
hair on forehead. H. 0-066. 

5664-5668. Heads with roll of hair under low fluted polos : poor work 

under Greek influence, probably of late period. H. 0-105-0-05. 
5669. Head in pointed hood : very poor similar work. H. 0-09. 

5673. Lyre-player? torso: left arm across body : drapery indicated by 
incised lines. 

5674. Lyre-player : rectangular lyre on left arm: plectrum in right hand. 
H. 0-168. 

5675-5677. Veil over head: right hand emerges from it to retain folds 

of left side. Hellenistic model. H. 0-172-0-091. 
5678-5684. Similar veiled heads. H. 0-288-0-07. 

B. Terracottas. 

(a) ' Snow-man ' technique^ without added details. 

5686-5692. Arms raised, cf. 5253 {Khytroi) : tall wedge-shaped cap 
on head, degenerating into flat upturned face like that of the marble 
figures of Amorgos. H. 0-171-0-96. 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. V. IDALION. 159 

(^) ' Snow-man ' technique, with added details. 

5693-5704. Arms raised or extended : projecting headdress with flaps 
behind ears. H. o- 146-0-043. 

5701. Long curled lock on each shoulder. H. 0-15. 

5702. Head hollow above, like \ 

5703"^Hea^" ma°de '.;. the wheel, ^^'^^^^ ^^- 554° {^Kamelarga). 
and open above. H. 0-075. / 
5705. Clapping hands : details in white paint. 
5707-5709. Tambourine-players. H. 0-151-0-10. 
5710-5715. Lyre-players: di. ^^id [Kainelargd). H. 0-16. 

(7) Head pressed in mould, body modelled ; with incised details. 
5712. Lyre-player. H. 0-165. 5713-5716. Heads. H. o-o54-o'045. 

5717. -fi'z'ra' in left hand : foldless drapery indicated. H. 0-186. 

(fi) Wholly moulded: flat-backed: Egyptiaji influence. 

5718. Hair and eyebrows ' feathered ' : heavy necklace with pendants : 
foldless drapery : right hand across body. 

(e) Heads atid fragments of large modelled statues. (Vide Introduction, 
p. 29. Cf. Brit. Mus. A. 36-40.) 

5719. Head : moulded first ; then hair indicated by stamps, and painted 
black : eyes wide open and looking upwards : nose large and 
prominent : mouth small : face rather full and square. Cf. 5802 ff. 
{Salamis ' Toumba'), 5398 [Khytroi), and St. Germ. Mus, 18038. 
H. o-ii, 

5720-5721. Similar heads with more detailed work. H. 0-06-0-104, 
5722. Similar head, wholly modelled : three rows of curls, and ? wreath 

over: fragmentary: cf. 5398. H, 0-155, 
5723-5779. Fragments of similar figures : details both incised and added 
by pellets of clay : fringed drapery : necklaces with pendants, H. 
0-145-0-043. 
5734, Bull's head. 5762, Face : flesh coloured ; hair 

5744, 5791-5793. Hands holding and eye black. 

fruit, 5763. Pendant : a horned animal 

5740. Hands with rings. (Apis.?) on Egyptian sacred 

5747-5750, Feet with toe-rings, boat with swan's-neck prow. 

5751-5754. Wrists with bracelets. 5779. Frontlet of open-work 
5756-5761, Hair, rosettes with pendants. 

5780. Flower-bearer : flat-backed : moulded, 

C. Miscellaneous. 

5795-5798. Stone heads, like 5602 ff. : cap flatter and projecting all 

round, 
5799, Bottle-jug like 1023. 5799 a. Cypriote lamp. 



Church of St, George, 1887, 

6300. Long block, apparently part of a cornice, of bluish marble (like 
Hymettian) with inscription on the flat bottom member of the 
moulding, Z>a// (found built into Ch. of St. George, 1887), [v. p. 172.] 



l6o CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



Idalion P rinci pal Sanctuary. Excavations of 1894. 

6301-6306. Stelae of native limestone, cut in the outline of flat Qpriote 
capitals, with volutes : details in low relief on one side only : pair of 
large volutes below, the curves of which intersect at the base, and 
form a triangle, in which are the crescent and disc of the Cypriote 
Aphrodite (Astarte) : above, various elaborate palmette motives ; 
abacus of three stages with chevron ornament. The upper surface 
is left rough ; so cannot have supported an entablature. 

6305. Is fragmentary, showing one of the volutes. 

6306. Was confiscated by the Cyprus Government from surrep- 
titious diggers, 

Cf. 5953 {AfnatJius : a very degraded form) : and KBH. Iviii-ix, clxiii ; 

Idalion, xxvi; Athienu, cxvii. ; Ohnefalsch-Richter, 'Journ. Inst, Brit. 

Arch.' N. S. iii. p, 109 ff, 

6307. Tall stele with abbreviated variety of the same motive at the top : 
below, on the front, a fan-like ornament, and lower down a series of 
square panels, sunk one within another (vide PI, VIII). Cf. ' Daily 
Graphic,' Dec. 28, 1894. 

6311. Stele [lower part only], with projecting border. A woman with 
chiton, and loose mantle over it (cf 5955 {Amathus 124), and 6211), 
is seated on a throne with arms: on her knees is a child, swathed 
and hooded (cf 5217-5252, Khytroi, and 3095 ff.): she supports her 
chin with the back of her left hand, which holds a round fruit : her 
right rests on the right shoulder of a child of 10-12 years, who stands, 
in loose sleeveless chiton, looking somewhat upwards to his left : his 
left hand, holding a fruit, rests on the swathed infant. The features 
throughout are of fairly advanced type, under Hellenic influence, but 
the modelling is poor and weak : bracelets on all wrists : feet all 
shod : hips, borders of drapery, .and patterns on chair and border 
of panel, are painted red : the infant's hood shows traces of blue or 
green. Fine soft limestone. 

6313. Stele [lower part only] with projecting border : similar group. A 
woman, fully draped, is seated between two standing children in 
sleeveless chiton with armholes at elbow, each of whom holds a wreath 
in the right hand ; that on the right also a flower in the left : bracelets 
on all wrists : feet all shod : traces of red paint : coarse work, but 
not later than third century. Fine soft limestone. 

6315. Stele [upper part only] with projecting border : flat top surmounted 
by palmette-akroteria, and a sphinx [head missing] with curled wings 
to right, whose left foot rests on one of the akroteria : within the 
deep panel below is the head of a woman, with veil : hair parted in 
the middle into two rolls, treated as if finely spiral. Cf 62 11, The 
subject probably resembled that of 631 1-63 13. The style is 
distinctly modelled on that of the fourth-century Attic stelae. Red 
paint is applied to the hair, pupils, and lips of the figure, and to the 
akroteria and border ; and the body of the sphinx is spotted. Fine 
soft limestone. 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. V. IDALION. VI, SALAMIS. l6l 



VI. SALAMIS. 

The Salamis Collection contains little of importance except the first 
twenty-five numbers. The only notes available, besides the published 
summary of excavations in J. H. S. xii., are the symbols pencilled on most 
of the objects. Only the more important objects are described here : 
for other objects from Salamis, vide Index, s.v. 

A. Large finely modelled terracotta figures of Cypriote 
naturalistic style : sixth-seventh century. 

Good clay with light coloured slip ; hair and eyes, which always look 
slightly upwards, given in black, and lips in red : drapery enriched with 
elaborate geometrical patterns in black and red. All from the ' Toumba' 
(Tovinra) site : cf. Brit. Mus. A. 42-60, and spp. at Cambridge and Oxford ; 
Introduction, p. 29; and the very full discussion, J. H. S. xii. 116 ff. PI. ix, x. 

5801. Large male bearded head, very much broken : small moustache, 
and long beard which runs clear of the lower lip, and is treated as if 
in long parallel plaits : lips slightly turned down at the corners : eyes 
large and wide open : figured J. H. S. xii. 149, fig. 8. Cf. fragment 
at Cambridge. 

5802-5807. Smaller beardless heads with curly hair lying low on the 
forehead, and in a mass at the back of the neck ; the curls are 
rendered by means of a stamp : geometrical hatching on eyebrows 
(cf. 5398, 5718) : heavy spiral earrings in lower lobes of ears : nose 
prominent and narrow : mouth rather small and finely modelled : 
cf. J. H. S. xii. 156, fig. 9. Cf. two similar, Fitzw. Mus., Cambridge. 

5808-5812. Arms, legs, and sandalled feet of similar figures. 

5813. Similar arm made in a distinct piece, with a transversely perforated 
tail-piece to fit into a socket. Cf. the fitted arms of the archaic 
figures in the Acropolis Museum, Athens. 

5814-5821. Fragments of drapery, elaborately painted. 5817. Has 

a lotos-pattern of a simple archaic type. 

5822. Torso of a male figure in short red chiton, with broad border 
left white : right hand across breast, holding a kid. J. H. S. xii. 

P- 155- 

5823. Similar : a second chiton over the first, reaching only to the 
waist : left arm, preserved as far as the elbow, hangs down nearly 
free by the side. 

5824. Similar type : kid held in left hand, lower down. 

5825. Similar type : lower part of small stone figure : kid nearly erect 
by the side. J. H. S. xii. p. 160. 

5826. Similar type : much mutilated. 

B. Fragments of figures in ' Snow-man ' technique. 

5827. Horseman. 5833. Recumbent figure [ = 

5828. Horse. Cf. painted specimen. 3139]- 
(Cambr.) 5834. Charioteer. 

5829-5830. Dove. 5831 (in stone). 5840-5842. Cart-wheels. 
5845. Bull : feet on fragmentary base : the eyes are incised : cf. J. H. S. 
xii. p. 159, fig. II. 

u 



l62 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

C. Miscellaneous. 

5857. Sione head : Egyptian style with rounded headdress. 

5858. Stone head : aichaic Greek style, like 5006 {Voni). 

5859. Stone head with flat face, like 5901 ff., 5909 {Amari^elli). 
5851-5856. Female heads of Hellenistic moulded terracotta, with wavy 

hair parted in the middle, and polos above it. 5853-5855. 

Klaborate stephane. 5856. Simple veil over hair. 
5860-5861. Comic-mask heads from Hellenistic statuettes. 
5862. Nike torso : fair work in wliitc fibrous alabaster. 
5883. Sphinx: torso of limestone. 
5866. Squattin<i; figure kneading dough (lower half only): cf. Amaihus, 

220 (Brit. ]\lus.). 

5871. Graeco-Roman portrait head with wavy hair and beard: white 
marble. 

5872. Graeco-Roman female head with veil over full wavy hair. 

5876. Fragment of marble frieze with bead ornament below. A draped 
male figure retires to right, looking back at a large quadruped 
whose head and forefoot only are preserved : to the extreme right 
are the back and right arm of a draped figure kneeling to right. 
Poor late work, somewhat worn. Fine white marble. 

5877. Fragment of a slab w'ith a thick-bodied fish in low relief. 
5886. Part of a bird in green-glazed porcelain. 

5891. I.oom-wcights : perforated lenticular clay. 

5899. Round porphyry saucer with four projections : probably a painter's 
grinding tablet. 

N.l? — A number of alabastra, small vases, &c., are catalogiied in the General 
Collection ; vide Index, s.v. Salamis. 

The provenance of the Bronze Age objects, labelled ' Salamis Collection,' p. 53 ff. 
is uncertain. 

VII. AMARGETTI. 

Temenos of ' Opaon Melanthios ' (Apollo), excavated in 1886: vide 
Chron. of Excav., p. 2, and J. H. S. xi. p. 171 ff. The statuettes are of 
a peculiarly provincial and barbarous style, and apparently all of late date. 
Cf. C. M. 3863, and antiquities from the same site in Cambridge, Fitzw. 
Museum. 

A. Stone statuettes. 

5901. Slab of limestone 0-22 m. long, 0-19 high, and 0-065 thick, carved 
in very low relief into three male standing figures, in short chitons 
which scarcely reach to the groin. The background was cut away 
behind the heads, two of which are missing ; the central one has a flat 
triangular face, with incised features : legs straight, thin, and parallel, 
though w'ide apart : right arms folded across breast, left hang down 
somewhat in front of the body, with fingers clumsily extended. 

5902. Lower part of a single similar figure, slightly rounded in front 
and behind : cross-hatched lines on drapery. Greatest height, 0-115; 
breadth, 0-105; thickness, 0-055. 

5902 a. Similar torso, worked in the round, and better executed. 

5903. Torso in chiton and himation : very coarse imitation of Hellenistic 
work : right arm by side, slightly thrust forward ; left slightly raised 
under drapery. 0-15 m. broad at the elbows. 

5904. Torso, similarly draped: both hands by sides: right holds appa- 
rently a round fruit : left a bunch of grapes. 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. VI. SALAMIS. VII. AMARGETTI. 163 

5905. Statue, with only head missing, similarly draped : bare legs 
exposed nearly to the knee : right arm folded on breast, hand 
drooping : left thrown forward across body. A more advanced 
rendering of the type of 5901-5902 a; under Hellenistic influences, 
but still very coarse work. H. 0-30 to shoulder : breadth across 
shoulders, 0-14 m. 

5906. Torso, similarly draped, with legs exposed : right hand across 
breast in fold of himation : left missing : a long fold of drapery, or 
a fluted column, passes down the left side, H. 0-21 from skirt to 
shoulder: breadth across knees, 0-12 m. 

5907. Torso, similarly draped : himation fallen round hips, showing 
girdle of chiton : right arm missing : heavy folds of himation over 
left. Breadth across shoulders, 0-075. 

5908. Torso, same size and style as 5907 : much decayed. 

B. Heads of similar styles : stone. 

5909. Head like that of 5901 : flat triangular face; features incised 
thus — -^ , 

5909 a. Similar, smaller : traces of red colour. 

5910. Similar, almost unrecognizable : simply three holes for eyes and 
mouth. 

5911. Head of rough Hellenistic style, like 5903-5908 : rather full 
boyish features : long hair overhanging forehead and falling over 
ears. H. o-io m. 

5912. Similar head: hair more luxuriant. H. o-o66 m. 

C. Terracottas. 

5913. Head, of coarse reddish clay, full of fragments of red pottery : 
traces of cream-coloured slip : hollow : Cypriote style like 5802 ff. 
(Salamis), but ruder : hem of chiton close above the broken edge. 
!^Iuch damaged. H. from hem of chiton to root of nose, o-i6 m. 

5914. Head; of another coarse red clay, with rough white slip: hollow. 
Apparently a coarse imitation of the style of the Poli tomb- figures, 
3211 ff". H. from chin to crown, 0-12 m. 

5915. Bearded (.?) head of coarse red clay : solid, flat-backed : very long 
and narrow : eyes prominent : mouth tightly closed : tall pointed 
cap. H. from chin, 0-075 ^^ 

5916. Similar, beardless, almost eff'aced. H. 0-07 m. 

5917. Head, like that on the coins of Rhodes, with luxuriant hair: 
similar pointed cap: same fabric. H. 0-075 m. 

5918. Torso: 'snow-man' technique: long arms by sides: right broken. 

D. Doves of soft limestone. 

5919. Head defaced. L. o-i6m. 

5920. A pair side by side : much damaged. L. 0-13 m. 

E. Inscribed bases. 

5921. Base with two shod feet : right side broken. L. [0-075] x 
B. 0-055 X H. 0-025 m. 

OnAONI ME[AANeiUU 

YnepeYXH[ 

J. H. S. xi. pp. 115 ff". No. 7. 

M 2 



164 



CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



5922. Cylindrical base, D. 0-085, II. 005 m. 

On[AONI MeA]AN 
eiUU APTEMIAUUPOC 

evxhN 



J. H. S. No. 6. 



5023. Right half of square base -vsith hemispherical hollow. B. 010, 
II. 0-04 m. 

IPPOS 

MEJAAN 

Ij^l 

J. H. S. No. 12. 

5924. IMoulded plinth of pedestal, much damaged : section >tc thus : — 
L. 010, H. o-o6 m. 



OnA]ON :/[MeAANeiUU 


]A T Y 1 
€ JY X H N. 


N[ 







5K 



Partof J. H. S. No. 10. 

F. Architectural fragments found in the old Amargetti shelf in the 
Museum, but of doubtful provenance : perhaps from Salamis. 

black and white tesserae 



set in cement containing fragments of red 



5925. Scrap of Roman mosaic pavement 
about o-oi m. square, 
pottery. 

5926. Fragment of slab of limestone breccia : red, green, and white. 

5927. Similar : breccia of yellowish marble in red and green matrix : 
with one edge rounded, apparently the tread of a step. 



VIII. AMATHUS. 

Miscellaneous stelae, &c., from excavations for the British 
Museum, 1894. 

5951. Stele [upper part only] : flat Cypriote capital, with large volutes, 
and triple triangle between them : a low pediment, above, containing 
a disc. PI. VIII. ' Amathus. 

5952. Rectangular slab [left half only], with a small cramp-hole in its 
upper edge : moulding above and below : ornament of volutes and 
triangles, in low relief. PI. VIII. Amathus. 

5953. Stele, with very degraded Cypriote capital indicated in outline 
and incised grooves. PI. VIII. Amathus. 

5954. Stele; rectangular, with plain projecting border. Within, a 
woman seated on a chair : left hand rests on lap and holds a 
flower, right rests on the arm of the chair and supports her chin : 
head disproportionately large, even for this style : hair parted in the 
middle, and crowned with bay. By her right side stands a very 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. VIII. AMATHUS. IX. LIMNITI. 165 

small child in sleeveless chiton, turned slightly towards the seated 
figure : both hands by sides. Much red paint on drapery, back- 
ground, and border. Local limestone, soft and coarse : surface very 
much destroyed. Amaihtis, 282. 

5955. Stele [middle part only] with border : head of a woman with veil, 
leaning on left hand : round neck and shoulders, beneath the veil, 
is a finely folded wrapper. Poor Hellenistic work. Local limestone, 
much defaced. Amaihtis, 124. 

6956. Stele [middle part only] with border: draped figure with right 
hand by side, left apparently raised to head. Same type as pre- 
ceding. Local limestone. Amathus, 103. 

5956 a. Head like 6024, with curly hair, in high relief: probably from 
a stele. 

Painted stelae, almost peculiar to Amathus and early third 
century. 

These stelae are of the local limestone, dressed to a peculiar granular 
surface. The fresco painting is executed on a thin hard limewash. Five 
magnificent portrait paintings, found in 1894, are in the British Museum; 
to be published in forthcoming Report. 

5957. Without pediment; di purple taenia or sash is painted across the 
front. Cf. KBH. cxvii. 3. Amathiis, iii. 

5958-5959. With pediment and acroteria [upper part only] : a red sash, 
knotted, with long ends hanging down. Amathus, 109. 

5960. Similar [upper part only] : cornice of shaft and pediment red \ 
tympanum and akroteria blue: in the tympanum, left white, a tree, 
flanked (.?) by two animals : colour still bright in parts, but much 
defaced. Amathus, 134. 

5961. Similar [entire], with back left rough : sash like 5958-5959. 

Amathus, 131. 

5962. Broader, thinner slab, of better workmanship [fragmentary] : red 
sash : inscription close below the cornice, in letters of late fourth 
century. Amathus. 190. 

AOHNAMI MEM 4) I/////// 'A%ar[o]j M6/i0/[rr;s] 

nOIMAXO^ HPEIPn////// noZ/xaxoy 'H77€£p4r7?9] 

OPEnAI HPEIPnTHI '0/3€0-Taf 'HTreepcorr^f. 

5963. Stele [upper part only] with pediment and acroteria: inscription 
low down and mutilated, in letters of third-second centuries. 

Amathus, 186. 

'H (rT€px0e'i(Ta x^^V A^poStcrcj; ovvfKa Tipnvrjs 

AlfMvXirjs ieprjv rrjvdf XfXoyxn Kovtv, 
'OKTuerii, yoepas obvvas roK((a\(Tji Xinovaa., 

Qv 'Acdrjs ov8>] ^aiov (ni(JTpe<peTai, 
'AXXa napcov finas, " 'AcppoSicrir} eiix^p^, X'"-P^' 
"... yiVKjaipwv f^avv(Tais " 



IX. LIMNITI? 

The following are of a peculiar dark red terracotta, and are probably 
from the excavation of 1888 (v. p. 8): cf, a bearded head, and two 
fragments like 5253 in Fitzw. Mus. : and C. M. Bronzes 3851-3856. 



1 66 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

5981-5982. Female heads in the finest fiflh-fourth century Cypriote 
style, under Greek influence : more than life-size : traces of flesh- 
coloured slip; one has the eyes painted white, with red pupils 
outlined in black : eyebrows and hair black : ears entirely filled with 
large spiral earrings : high stephane with friezes of ornament — 
(i) ivy spray, (2) rosettes, added in relief, (3) a row of pendants 
below, 

5983. Head of Cypriote style with thin lips, and a nose-ring in the 
central septum of the nose : necklace of discoidal beads added in 
relief, with traces of blue or green paint. 

5984. Two female heads with high polos : terracotta, moulded, flat- 
backed. 

X. VITSADA. 

Sculptures confiscated by the Cyprus Government from the villagers, 
1893. The style is Hellenistic, probably tjiird century; very uniform, 
characteristic, and uncommonly pure for Cyprus. Cf. statuettes in Brit. 
Mus. from Pyla. 

5991. Oblong altar of native limestone : flat top, simple plinth and 
cornice; figures on three sides in high relief. H. 0-09, B. 0-51, 
L. loi. 

Right end: the back half is left blank. 

(i) Hermes, full face in long chiton: caduceus held upwards in 
left hand : petasos slung behind right shoulder : hair wavy, in fillet. 

Front froTH right to left. 

(2) Quadriga with solid (wooden) wheels strengthened with cross- 
bars : diminutive horses like those of the early native terracotta 
chariots; cf. 6000 ff. {Tarnassos). 

(3) The upper part of the driver is much damaged, but he seems 
to hold 

(4) A lifeless figure over his left shoulder. ^"^ " ^ ' ^ 
Behind the chariot comes — 

(5) Artemis in profile to right in long chiton. Head and upper 
part of body much damaged : right arm, with bracelet, extended 
from the elbow, apparently to support the head of the lifeless figure 
before her ; left foot crossed in front of right. 

(6) A fawn, seen from in front, stands at her feet and looks up 
at her. 

(7) Next comes another female figure, nearly full face, in similar 
chiton : youthful head with hair in four rolls from back to front, 
looking slightly downwards and to her left : upper part of body 
much damaged : right hand on hip with elbow slightly bent : left 
knee bent, and shod foot slightly drawn back. 

(8) Then Demeter, full face, in similar chiton, with wavy hair 
crowned by high polos with three large rosettes : veil over all falling 
behind : right hand, on a level with forehead, grasps a tall sceptre : 
body damaged : shod left foot drawn back like that of last figure. 

(9) Then another female figure, full face, in similar chiton, and 
himation draped round the hips: hair parted in the middle and 
confined by a fillet : a long twisted lock falls in front of each 
shoulder : -foot drawn back as before, but sandalled instead of shod. 




SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. X. VITSADA. XL TAMASSOS. 167 

Left end : the back half is left blank. 

(10) Athena, nearly full face, turned slightly to her left. Helmet 
with three high crests and neck-plate behind : two long twisted 
locks fall in front of her right shoulder nearly to waist : long chiton 
with diplois girt below the breasts : Gorgoneion suspended on breast 
by a necklace : right hand, level with helmet, grasps a spear ; left, 
by side, rests on round convex shield, below which is the owl much 
mutilated. 

5992. Female standing figure : half life-size : back only roughly worked. 
The long sleeveless chiton is very full and deeply pleated, and 
confined by a narrow girdle tied in front : himation over left 
shoulder and round hip : simple earrings, necklace, and bracelets : 
feet shod : the right arm hangs freely by the side : left, bent at 
the elbow, holds an apple coloured red : right knee slightly bent. 
Face and figure youthful : short wavy hair under a fillet, gathered in 
a long plait behind. The type slightly recalls that of the child-head 
from Paphos (J. H. S. ix. PI. x), but the features are more developed 
and the expression serious and dignified. Fine hard native lime- 
stone. 

5993. Same style and type: but left knee bent, feet sandalled, hair 
longer and more curly, left arm mutilated. 

5994. Colossal female figure of the same type [head and arms missing] : 
three wavy curls fall on each shoulder : the figure is more mature : 
the chiton very deeply pleated : the feet are sandalled : right hand 
held folds of himation : left arm [broken] extended outwards. 

5995. Male figure in same style, but coarser material, less finely cut, 
and more damaged : same pose: the right knee is bent and the weight 
is thrown more completely on the right leg : chiton reaching just 
below the knee, showing half boots with side tags, coloured red : 
right hand holds (.?) flower : [head missing]. 

5996. Similar male figure [feet broken at knee] : right hand, by side, 
holds pyxis : left, across breast, holds folds of himation falling from 
left shoulder. Cf. pose of 5054 (Voni): poorer work and more 
damaged. 

5997. Female figure, Hfe-size, with mature figure similarly draped, but 
with veil over [missing] head, seated on a throne with columnar feet : 
right hand in lap : left elbow leans on the arm of the throne : left 
hand seems to draw forward the veil : feet shod : same style as 
above, but more damaged. 

XL TAMASSOS {Frangissa). 
A. Chariots and horses. 

(a) Stone. 
6000. Quadriga with flat front, breast high, and narrow foot-board divideil 
into two compartments, open behnid [wheels missing]. Three of 
the horses are preserved : with rather long slender bodies : heads 
like early fifth-century work wiih stiff manes. One of the manes 
[missing] was added as a separate piece. Driver in pointed helmet, 
long chiton, and himation hanging from left shoulder : left arm by 
side, right in fold of himation across breast : [head and feet missing]. 
Soft limestone, very much weathered. 



1 68 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

(0) Terracotta : ' snoiv-man' technique. Cf. Ileuzey, PI. x. 2. 
6001. Quadriga : axle as broad as tlie team : car only holds the driver. 

\\. 013. 
6002-6003. Warrior wiih helmet and shield behind helmeled driver : 

both bearded. II. o-i58-o-i57. 

6004. Broad car : warriors abreast, on left in low cap, on right in 
pointed helmet. H. 0-167. 

6005. Like 6002 : figures broken : chariot door shown behind. H. 
0-142. 

6006-6008. Horses from quadrigae. 11. 0128 0125. 6007. Two 

to,i;elher. 
6009-6011. Larger horses with collar and neckband of yoke. II. 

0.83-0-77-0-23. 

6012. Horseman: 'snow-man' technique. Cf. 3317, and 5562 {Kame- 
larga); Heuzey, PI. x. 2. 

6013. Horseman in stone. 

B. Statues of deity or votary in native style ; colossal, life- 
size, or smaller : all male. 

a. Terracotta: moulded: hollow. 

6014. Upper half of life-size bearded male statue : narrow fringe of hair 
under crown of bay leaves : broad wedge-shaped beard ; hair indi- 
cated by rows of incised dashes : foldless chiton and himalion 
hanging from left shoulder : right hand across breast in folds of 
himation, fingers half closed, thumb raised ; left by side. H. 0-097. 

6015-6017-6018. Heads, similar and rougher; much damaged. II. 

0-2II. 

6016. Colossal male bearded statue : head in round headdress like a 
turban : features of archaic Cypriote type. Body very simply 
modelled : one arm bent. The lower part of the body made in 
a separate piece : was formerly nearly complete, but is now too frag- 
mentary to be reconstructed : only the bare feet are preserved. 

6019. Head of Hellenistic style, not unlike that of PoH (32 11 ff.) : beard 
represented as cropped close, and indicated by mere scratched lines 
on the face : eyes fully open : iris and pupil incised : nose straight, 
prominent, and sharply pointed : hair drawn back under crown 
of bay. 

6020. Head of Cypriote style, but showing same type of features : nose 
slightly upturned : chin prominent : ears large and set low : hair in 
row of curls under crown of bay. H. 0-241. 

6020 a. Small solid terracotta head of similar type. H. 0-189. 
6021-6022. Heads like 6020 : fragmentary. 6021. H. 0-107. 

6023. Head with strongly set features: face very broad, with short broad 
curly beard : crown of bay on the hair : naturalistic work on Hellen- 
istic model. H. 0-139. 

6024. Head of dark clay [damaged] : eyes wide open : nose and corners 
of mouth drawn down with melancholy expression : there is no 
beard, but the heavy upper lip perhaps indicates a moustache. 
Hellenistic style. H. 0-143. 

6025. Nude male figure of Cypriote style, very coarsely modelled. A 
row of corkscrew curls over forehead : right raised, jjalm outward 
in benedictory attitude : left proffers a patera with a fruit ; feet 
missing, but tops of boots left with tags in front. H. 0-27. 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. XI. TAMASSOS. 169 

6025 a. Similar head, rather better work. H. 0-105. 

6027-6033. Beardless heads in peaked helmet ending in a knob ; 

mass of hair behind neck. Cypriote style. 
6034. The cap has a ridge from border to crown over each temple. 

U. 0.308. 
6035-6036. The cap has no knob, and shows the hair : wreath over it. 

H. 0215. 
6037-6039. With wreath over hair: cf. preceding type. H. o-i55-o-i 14. 
6040. Torso : in foldless chiton : himation under right shoulder and 

over left : arms free by sides, H. 0-096. 
6041-6042. Head and shoulder only. 6042. Round cap : enormous 

ears. H. 0-195. 
6043. Shoulder of a similar figure. H. 0-288. 
6044-6048. Similar heads. 6044. H. o-i6i. 

6049. Male statuette, one-third life-size : fringe of corkscrew curls under 
pointed cap as above : sleeved foldless chiton : right arm across 
breast, left by side. 

6050. Male statue [lower part], half life-size, in tight drawers, with four 
creases indicated : a ring in relief over the navel : feet bare : both 
hands by sides. H. 0-082. 

6051-6052. Part of breast with elaborate pendant; cf. KBH. ccx. 12- 
14 : right hand slung in chiton. 

6053-6055. Fragments of drapery near waist. H. 0-175. 6054. Has 
winged disc over navel. 

6056-6057. Figure [lower part] in tightly wrapped himation : knees 
slightly bent ; collar and pin-holes for attachment of upper half: half 
life-size. 6057. Feet of similar statue. 

6058-6060. Fragments of nude figures. 

6061-6063. Legs and feet. 6061. Colossal. 6062-6063. San- 
dalled. 

6067. Corkscrew curls and diadem with quatrefoils in relief. 

6068-6069. Faces. 

6070. Right hand holding quadruped. 

6071. Dove like 3261 ft'. 

6072. Top of sacred tree: cf. 5305 ff". {Khytroi). H. 0-085. 

6073. Right arm from elbow, in tight sleeve, with socket perforated for 
insertion: fingers closed, thumb extended: cf. 6014. H. 0-142. 

b. Stone, (a) Egyptian style. 

6074-6077. Same type as 5003-5004 {Votii). 6077. Cf. 5573 

{Kamelarga). H. 0-393. 
6079-6082-6085. Heads of similar. H. 0-167-0-124. 

(p) Archaic Greek style. 

6083. Hair in mass on back of neck : broad stephane (cf. terracotta 
type) with rosettes : armlet on both arms, both hands by sides [lower 
part missing]. H. 0-355. 

6084. Bearded head, nearly life-size : low forehead with row of small 
curls, and flat pointed headdress falling on shoulders behind : nose 
straight and prominent : cheek-bones high : lips rather thick : 
moustache and beard roughly blocked out and tooled ; e3'ebrows 
indicated by ' feather-pattern.' The features recall those of early 
Boeotian statues of Apollo. 



lyo CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

(y) Hellenistic style. 

6087- Bearded head: hnir in curls under wreath: beard and moustache 
in rather formal curls : flat-backed, but hair represented in a flat 
mass on back of neck, parted in the middle, coloured red. PI. 0-133. 

6088. Torso, widi himalion indicated by shallow lines. H. 0-436. 

6089-6091. Beardless heads about half life-size. Hellenistic style. 

C. Figures with bird, pyxis, and lustral spray : cf. types 
from Voni. 

6092. Bird in left hand : right holds long spray upwards : w-reath on 

head. 11. 0-498. 
6093-6097. Bird in left, and pyxis in right: cp. 5020 {Voni). H. 

0-534-0-313- 

6098. Bird in left, and spray in right : left knee bent. 

6099. Left hand of half life-size statue grasping a bird : good Hellenistic 
work: cf 5045 {Voni). 

6100. Left grasps himation : spray in right. H. 0-305. 

6101. Life-size: right hand holding spray. H. 0-216. 

6102-6104. Left carries a heap of fruit in fold of himation. H. 

0426-0-20. 
6105-6106. Left holds pyxis : right bent at elbow. 6106. H. 0-495. 
6107-6108. Kid perched upon left hand ; ludicrously foreshortened. Cf. 

Artemis-types from Dalim Brit. INIus. H. 0-27-0-26. 
6109. Right hand two-thirds life-size : support projecting from back. 

H. 0-313. 
6110-6111. Lower part of statue in transparent drapery : left foot 

advanced. H. 0-44. 6111. Torso : cf. 5572 {Kamelarga). 

6113. Feet of draped statue. H. 0-126. 

6114. Foldlcss chiton girt at the waist under folded diplois : left arm by 
side. [Torso.] 

6115. Short chiton to knee : girt at waist : girdle ends hang down in 
front. [Torso.] H. 0-174. 

D. Herakles. Cf. 5136 ff. (F^«/). 

6116. In chiton to knee : lion's skin on head: fore paws tied on breast, 
lower part girt round loins : right hand extended sideways above 
shoulder, left by side holds, by the scalp, a lion which tries to climb 
up his thigh : features like 6098 ; cf. sp. Dali (Brit. Mus.). H. 0-409. 

6117. Rather more archaic style : half life-size. [Head only. ] H. 0-185. 

6118. Torso, nude : lion's skin tied over breast and falling behind : 
right hangs by side, left clasps a book or tablet. H. 0-207. 

E. Temple-boys: cf. 51 n {Voni). 

6119-6126 a. All in flat caps: heads only, except 21 12, a standing 
figure broken at the knees : right hand by side, left holds dove. 

6119. H. 0-109. 6127 ff. Vide below, G. Miscellaneous. 

F. Priests or worshippers, flat-backed. 

6156-6157. Right hand by side, left grasps fold of himation falling from 

left slioulder. 6156. H. 0-045. 

6158-6159. Right arm slung in fold of himation, left by side: cf. 5061 

( Voni). 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS. XI. TAMASSOS. XII. KATYDATA, ETC. I71 

6160. Left grasps fold from right shoulder, right holds pyxis : cf. 5054 
{Vom). H. 0-475. 

6161. Left raised under fold of himation, right lifts drapery. H. 0-366. 

G. Miscellaneous. 

6162. Heavily draped figure seated on throne with an animal on each 
side [head missing]. 

6163-6164. Sphinx with curled wing : stephane over rows of curls, under 
which fall long plaits on shoulders. 6163. H. o-io6. KBH. cxcvii. 
4; cf. id. 5 {Athienti) ; and C. AL 5070-5071 {Vo?ti). 

6168. Sphinx : breast covered with scale-like feathers, painted alternately 
red and blue : broad mass of hair on shoulders, treated in square 
blocks. [Head, feet, and wings missing.] H. about i m. 

6165. Square base with plain plinth and cornice : limestone. H. 0-075. 

6166. Low cylindrical base of clouded white marble : oval sockets. 
H. 0-047. 

6167. Fragments of limestone base. 



*o' 



6127-6128. Heads in pointed caps of style like 6075 fF., but of more 

advanced work, and with a wreath over the cap, and the hair 

showing under it. 6127. H. 0-113. 

6129-6153. Heads of more or less Hellenistic work : rows of curls on 

forehead under wreath. 6152-6153. Cp. 5093 ff. {Vom). H. 

0-167-0-036. 

6154. Face only : life-size : cf. the large statue (5054) from Voni : nearly 
pure Hellenistic style. 

6155. Head two-thirds life-size : upper part broken : iv^i'fe inarlk : 
good Hellenistic work. H. 0-108. 

6155 a. Similar head, less freely worked : wavy hair with wreath : 
limestone: cf. Voni. H. 0-099. 

XIL MISCELLANEOUS: KATYDATA; LARNAKA ; POLL 

6201. Stele of native limestone with pediment and acroteria : in a deeply 
recessed panel, the figure in high relief of a boy, full face, nude, 
kneeling on left knee : right hand, by knee, holds sword ; left hand 
[missing] raised sideways above the head : i. e. ' fallen warrior ' pose. 
Hellenistic work. J. H. S. xii. p. 319, fig. 4. Po/i, M. 58. 

6203. Stele, fragmentary : rosette ornament. ? P0/2. 

6204. Cornice of an altar.? painted. J. H. S. xii. p. 324, fig. 5. Poli, INL 68. 

6205. Cippus with inscription in late characters — 

HCYXi:; I XPH I CTE XEPE (xn-pf!) Katydata. 

6207. Cippus with inscription HPHCIANe | XPHCTC | XAIPe. 

6211. Female figure, fully draped, in girt chiton with mantle drawn over 
the head as a veil: cf. 5955 {Aiiiathus, 124) and 631 1 {Idalion): 
right elbow slung in fold of drapery : right hand draws forward the 
left side of the veil : left, concealed in folds of drapery, thrown a little 
back and holding .? distaff. Hellenistic model of features : lips rather 
full : wavy hair parted in the middle : large pendant earrings. By 
her right knee a small child in same pose, wearing chiton and 
himation, and petasos slung behind the head : left knee slightly bent. 

6212. Sleeping Eros of white marble, like Parian ; nude, reclining on 
drapery on left side : right arm thrown across the body : left supports 



172 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

head, and holds a torch ? [mutilated] : eyes closed, lips parted in 
a slight smile : hair short, wavy, and freely treated : [feet missing]. 
Fourih-third century Hellenistic work. Confiscated by the Cyprus 
Government, and presented by Air. H. Thompson, Commissioner of 
Taphos (Chroniques, p. 171). L. 0-567 m., H. 0-262 m. KBH. 
cxcviii. 2. Nea Paphos {Papho). 

6213. Eros of native limestone. Dali. 

Cypriote Inscriptions from Marion- Arsinoe {Poli). 

6221. Lion of limestone seated on a low basis, along which is the 
Cypriote inscription. Meister, Or. Dialekte, ii. pp. 173-4, No. 25 b. 

l^oH, 117, I. 
ti . mo .ku.po.ro.se. | o.ti .mo.ke. re . te . o .'se . | e. pe .se . ta . se . | ki .li .ka .vi. 
TifjioKvirpos 6 TtfiOHfiiTfos iniaraaf ri\{\)iKafi 

I to . i . ka . si . ke . ne . to . i. 
TWi KaaiyvriTWi. 

6222. Limestone block with Cypriote inscription. Meister, 2 5f. Po/i,gg,ll. 
a . ri . si . to . kn . pa . ra . se . (J e . ir.i . | e . se . ta . sc . | a . ri . si . |( to . se 

' Apia TOKiin pas ■^p.l • iCiraai "ApitTToi 

6223. Similar : characters painted blue, between ruled lines. Meister, 
25 i. ^ Poh', 32, L 

a . ra . 1 1 ti . i dpa Ait 

6224. Similar: much damaged. Meister, 25 1. Po/i, 71,!. 

Il te . ? . ti . a . se II o . na . ? . ti . mi . (? Ovalm^eepu.) 

6225. Similar, both edges broken : characters alternately red and blue. 
Meister, 25 n. Poii, 18, III. 

ni . ka . | po . ro . ti . vo . se . || e . mi. 
Ni'/ca npwTifos fjp.i 

6226. Similar. Meister, 250. Po/i, 19, III. 
pu . nu . ti . la . se . j e . mi . || ta . se j pu . nu . ta . ko . ra . u [ pa . i . || to . se 

nvvTi\(\)as fipX ras ni'VTayupav irat 56s 

6227. Similar: much defaced. Meister, 25 p. Po/i, 30, III. 

te . mi . si . to . ku . pa . ra . se . II .?.?.?.?.?. ke. 
QepiaTOKVTTpas 

6228. Similar: much defaced: perhaps Meister, 25 q. /*o//, 31, III. 

ti . mo . se . | ti . || ma . ko . ra . u . || pa. i . se. | e . || mi. 
iTp-os 1i pajupav irat? ti pi 

Phoenician Inscriptions from the excavations at Larnaka 
(Turabi), 1894. Cf. pp. 178-9. 

6231. Stele with pediment : limestone : below the cornice is the 
Phoenician inscription in letters of iv-iii cent. : below this the 
incised outline of a chariot (?) ; mutilated below. Left in 1894 in 
charge of the Commissioner of Larnaka : published by Rev. 
G. A. Cooke, Academj, 1237 (Jan. 18, 1894) : cf. J. H. S. xvii. p. 172. 

Larnaka {Turabi), 189-1. 

' To ' Abd-ashtar, son of Eshniun, 
The chariot- smith : he made this ..." 

6232. Fragment of the right edge of a marble stele : Phoenician 
inscription of iv-iii cent.: left, and published with 6231. 

Larnaka {Turabi), 1894. 
.... 'yiZ^h ' To Shamar-lbaal? Cf. C. I. S. 384. 
Tn^VD this pillar 

, , s ,xh ^° ^'"^"^ 

Idalion : objects from the excavations of 1894. 
6300 ff. Vide p. 159-60. 



TOMB GROUPS 

FROM VARIOUS EXCAVATIONS. 



The following Tomb Groups serve not only to relieve the Type 
Collection of a number of varieties and important duplicates, but also 
as a commentary upon it, and as visible evidence of the chronological 
statements. It is unfortunate that a large number of the original groups 
from Poll have been formerly scattered, and in part sold as duplicates, 
and that the Tamassos Collection has suffered even more severely; as the 
tendency to local variation in Cypriote art makes every scrap of material 
most valuable when it comes from a new locality. This destruction of 
Tomb Groups explains the predominance of groups from the excavations 
of 1894 and subsequent years. 

The Index further collects, under their original Tomb Groups, all the 
objects included in the Type Collections, of which the exact provenance 
is known. 

MARION-ARSINOE (POL/). 

The following Tomb Groups have been preserved together, to illustrate 
the collocation of Graeco-Phoenician with Attic vases : many purely 
Graeco-Phoenician Tomb Groups may however be reconstructed with the 
help of the Index, s.v. For an account of the excavations at Poll, vide 
Chronicle of Excavations, p. 9. 

26, I. A//tc red-figured vases 1681, 1703, 1706, 1714, 1733, ^752- 

^753' 1764, 1791-1793, 1796: black-glazed ware like 1865. Graffiti 
1714, 1792-1793, 1912, 1934-1943. 
Graeco-Photnician pottery like 1080: 1285*, 1313*, and similar 
fragments: 2091*; and an oenochoe of plain white clay. Terra- 
cottas 3232, 3256, 3277. Bronzes 3506*, 3512 (two spp.), 3539*. 
3535. 3653*. 3701 ff-, 3738. 3751 ff- Iron sword-blade 3913*. Knives 
like 3901 ff. Arrow-heads like 3934. Nails like 3935. Jewellery 

4144, 4343- 

27, II. Attic red-figured black-glazed vases 1600, 1655, 1680, 171 3, 

1721, 1727. Graffiti 1947-1951. 
Graeco-Phoenician pottery like 1019, 1023, 1079, 1271*, I276*-I277*, 
1301*, 131 1*. Red-ware jug with nearly cylindrical body and wide 
lip : large plain oenochoe. Two Graeco-Phoenician lamps. Seated 
terracotta figure 3231. Bronze mirror of type B. a. 



174 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

106,11. Allic red-figured vases 1602, 1683: black-glazed ware 1807, 
1891, and like 1803. 
Graeco-P/iocnh'iati 'poltery 917 : like 901 a-c, 1023, 1087, 1205, 1222. 
1225, 1 252-1 260, and specimens of coloured slip ware II. 2. « 
(p. 60). Lamp like 1303. Alabastos. Terracottas 3132, like 
3144, 3156, 3284. Bronze mirror. Jewellery 4588. 

117, I. Afiic red-figured vases 1610, 1672, 1728: black-glazed ware 
like 1803. 
Graeco-FlioeniciaJi pottery like 1026 ff., 1291* (and a similar fragment). 
Variegated glass 2501*. Stone imitation of an alabast«s 2422. 
Terracottas 3045, 3047, 3200, 3294, 3361. Bronze coflin-bindings 
like 3631 flf. Stone lion with Cypriote inscription 6221. 

216, II. Attic black-figured vases 1541, 1557, 1578, 1579, "608 : black- 
glazed ware like 1825. 
Graeco-Phoe7iicia7i pottery like 1021, 1022. Jewellery 4009 b. 

218, II. Attic black-figured kylix. 1550. Glass, cf. 2584, 2759. Pseudo- 
Samian jog, cf. 2101. Alabastron. 

239, II. Attic black-figured vases 1 560-1 561, 1 580-1 581 : red-figured 
vases 1668, 1739. Grafllilo 1975. 
Graeco-Phoeinciaii pottery 1 204-1 207, 1209. Specimens of local red 
ware, and a plain coarse oenochoe. Bronze candelabrum 3617. 
Jewellery 4168. 

PAPHOS {KUKLIA). 

The following Tomb Groups from the Cyprus Exploration Fund 
excavations of 1888 seem to be among those thus described (J. H. S. 
ix. p. 160, cf. 170): 

' Higher up the ravine we obtained pottery of an older class, among it a bowl rudely 
painted with fish and stars ', but unhappily broken into nearly forty pieces : traces 
also were found of the aTovrniwra, as the native digger calls them, i. e. vases with 
false mouth: usually classed among "Mycenae" ware^. The general date of this 
necropolis, however, seemed to be not earlier than the second century B.C., and it was 
probably used by the poorer Paphians.' 

It is matter for much regret that it has not been possible to recover from 
the original excavators any more definite information than the passage 
here quoted, with regard to vases which, if they are really part of the 
same Tomb Groups, as the register-marks indicate, are of the first impor- 
tance as evidence for the co-existence of sub-Mykenaean forms with fully 
developed early Gracco-Phoenician pottery. 

In default of exact information, it has seemed better to distribute the 
vases in the Type Collection, where they are of considerable value, and 
to register them here, and in the Index under the tomb-numbers which 
they bear. 

Kuklia 6. Sub-lNIykenaean pottery 436, 439, 447, 1131. 

Kuklia 12. Sub-Mykenaean and early Gracco-Phoenician pottery 448, 

449> 923. 94i> 943. 954, 962 a, (cf. 971) 972-973> 975-976, 1029, 
1040-1042, 1113, 1118, 1123 a, 1124, 1128, 1130 a-d, 1143, 
1 162-1 163. 
Kuklia 21. Early Graeco-Phoenician pottery 935, 992, 11 14. 

' Probably the fine red-ware fragments in Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (V. 70). 
' C. M. 436, and specimens in Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (V. 6). 



TOMB GROUPS FROM VARIOUS EXCAVATIONS. 1 75 

SALAMI S {EN KOMI). 

A large Roman tomb was excavated by the Cyprus Museum in 
December, 1881, near Enkomi villa2;e, about two miles NW, of Fama- 
gusta. Its dimensions were 11' 4" length, by 9' \" breadth, by 3' 8" 
height. It contained nine chambers, in four of which were sarcophagi ; 
viz. in three of those on the S. side, and in the one at the NE. corner. 
Most of the objects were found in the earth which covered the floor : but 
the gold earrings, and myrtle leaves, the silver ring, and the bronze 
objects were found in the sarcophagi. The contents of this tomb are 
exhibited together, as an example of the mode of burial at that period. 
One skull was found whole, and is in the same case. 

Hellenislic Pottery 2028 ff., 2041* (wine amphorae), 2061 ff., 2084 ff., 

2126, 2127: eighteen lamps of various types: local imitations of 

' Samian ' ware. 
Glass. More than thirty bottles, and two tumblers, of various types : two 

of deep blue glass like 2802 ff. 
Bronze. Mirror of type B. S : vase handle : ring : dipping rod like 3737 ff.: 

square plate of bronze o-ii5xo-io8x 0-004 ™- Three illegible bronze 

coins. 
Iron strigil : large pearly shell. 
Javellery. Gold earrings of types ^ and i: leaves of gold like 4341-3 : 

silver ring with oval carbuncle-paste en cabochon. 



LIMASSOL. 

The following document, much worm-eaten, is all that remains of any 
record of the tombs opened bj^^ Government labourers in 1883. Cf. 
Reinach. Chroniques d'Orient, i. p. 199. (Restorations and notes in square 
brackets.) 

Found in tombs near Commissiojier & house, Limassol. 

Bronze fibula. [C. M. 4822-4] 

„ surgical instrument with bifurcated ends. [CM. 3749.] 

,, disk : armilla, portions of. 

,, chain, do. : coin. 
Ter[ra c]otta vase of yellow clay painted with an[imals?] in red. [C. M. 1501.] 
Rom[a"ln lamp ; on it a Gladiator. [? C. M. 1360-2.] 

2 [s]teat[ite] scarabs[:] one with name of Thoth[mes I]II. [Perhaps CM. 4542.] 
Bll ue p]aste scarab. 
Ir[on im]plement broken. 
S[i]l[ve]r whorled object broken. [Apparently a spiral earring of Type III, p. 126.] 



AMATHUS {PALAIO LI3IESS0). 

Excavations were undertaken by the British Museum in 1 893-1 894 
with the funds of the Turner Bequest (Chron. of Exc. p. 3). All 
periods from early Graeco-Phoenician onwards were represented in 
312 tombs opened on five sites, the majority on sites D, E, close to 
the shore, about half a mile east of the acropolis. No Bronze Age necro- 
polis was found, and no Mykenaean or quasi-Mykcnaean vases or metal 
work were noted even in the earliest tombs. Nos, i-ioo are catalogued 
from the objects themselves without check, as the Government inspector's 



176 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

Romaic inventory was quite worthless: for 100 fl'., J. L. M.'s diary was 
available; and the description of i-iio has been revised in proof by 
the diary of ]Mr. A. li. Smith. 

A. Graeco-Phoenician without Hellenic importations. 

I. Pottery like 915, 999, 1063; saucer with black slip. Bronze bracelet : 

fibulae 4830-4832. 
4. Pottery 982, 1037, 1039, 1104-1105: like 1038a: flat plate like 

901 ff.: plain wide-mouthed jug. Jewellery 4167. 
9. Pottery like 908, 926, 960, 973, 991, 998, 1004, 1073, 1 1 17. Fibulae 

489-490. 

II. Pottery like 906, 926, 972, 979, 1004. Lamp like 1304. Bronze 
bracelets : spiral iron ring. 

80. Pottery like 1023, 1027, 1057, 1068, 11 26, 11 76, 1287*-! 288*. 
Bronze mirror, Type a, p. 118. Jewellery 8176, 4 188-4 189, 

4256, 8354, 4451-4452- 

165. Pottery like 1057 : small, very flat-bodied jug of white clay. Three 
alabastra, one of which is striated. Mirror (of Type B. y), 3780. 
Jewellery 4014, 4121, 4124, 4351. 

166. Pottery 1091, 1176c: like 915,937. 1027, io68, 1175, ii8ia. 

279. Pottery 905 a, 925. 1007, 1012, 1032: like 972, 977, 988, 1004, 
1008, 1063, 1089, 1091. 

280. Pottery 921, 922: like 922, 930, 958, 1006, 1018, 1067. Varie- 
gated glass 2515. 

B. Graeco-Phoenician with Attic vases. 

91. A/ tic vases 1638-1639. 

Graeco-Phoc7iician statuette 3076. Egyptian engraved mirror 3750. 
Two mirrors like 3751. Bronze bracelet. Bronze lamp like 1305. 
Iron strigil : alabastron : whetstone like 485-487. Jewellery 4254, 
4260. A bowl of unbroken eggs was found in the tomb, and is 
preserved with the Tomb Group. 
98. Atlic r.-f. lekythos 1658 : black-glazed kylix and bowl. 

Graeco-Phoenician pottery 1014-1015, 1076 b: like 1015-1016, 1058, 
1128. Bronze bowl 3513 : strigil: two mirrors like 3791. Jewel- 
lery 4168, 4362-4363, 4365. Porcelain ornaments 4704, 4728, 

4736-4737> 4746, 4754. 4756-4757, 476o, 4762, 4775-4777- 4784- 
100. Attic lekythos 1677. Terracotta horseman like 3293 ff". Bronze 
mirror (Type B y, p. 118). Bracelets. Iron strigil. Small bronze 
patera. Gold-leaf rosette. Silver bead. Silver snake-head bracelets 
like 4260 ff". 
Hellenistic. Pseudo-Samian ware jugs like 2100 ff". Alabastron, cf. 

Type a, p. 99. 
Glass. Cf 2554 ff"., 2568-2600, 2673, 2686, 2739, 2750 ff"., 2636, 

2709. Spiral glass rod like 2891. 
Bronze coin. D. -02. 
127. Attic vase 1686. 

Graeco-Phoenician pottery 1229. Bronze mirror (Type B. 8) like 3791. 
Jewellery 41 17, 4255, 4349 (diadem), 4412. Ivory kohl-box. 
154. Attic lekythos 1676 a. Red-ware small jug, concentric circles on 
shoulder; cf. 1019(11. 3). Bronze strigil. Small bronze disc : ? mirror. 
Fragments of a blue and white glass alabastron (Type II b. iS, 
p. 102). Glass spindlewhorl. Thick disc of black stone: .^ spindle- 
whorl. 



TOMB GROUPS FROM VARIOUS EXCAVATIONS. I77 

158. Atlic black-glazed bowl like 1808. 

Graeco-Phoenician pottery like 997 (but black), 1027. Diminutive wine 
amphora. Terracotta 3302 (horseman) : like 3342 (female figure), 
3341 (cart wheel). Bronze bracelet. Jewellery 4546, 4567. Por- 
celain 4761, 4783. 

214. Aih'c black-glazed kylix. 

Graeco-Phoenician pottery like 1014-1017, 1059-1060 (fragment with 
tree-ornament supported by two birds). Bronze bowl 3510. Bracelet 
and square plate of bronze. 

251. Two plain black-glazed kylikes (cf. Naukratite type), 

Graeco-Phoenician pottery like 914*, 924* a, 935, 936, 938*, 955*, 
957* ff., 962*, 984*, 985*, 992, 1018, 1021, 1027, 1028 b, 1046, 
1059, 1067, 1086, 1089*, 1126*, 1166*, 1167, 1175, 1177*, 1190*. 
Terracottas 3074, 31 10, 3262, 3304. Bronze bracelet and nail. 
Jewellery 4530. 

C. Graeco-Phoenician and Hellenistic objects in the same 
tomb. 

Reasons have been given above (Introduction, p. 26) for believing that 
these mixed groups are due to re-burial, and that the Graeco-Phoenician 
pottery came to an end at or very shortly after the Ptolemaic conquest 
of Cyprus. 

20. Graeco-Phoenician pottery: bowls like 914, &c.: dish cover like 958: 
barrel-jug like 980: jugs like 998, 1004, &c. Cypriote lamp like 
1305. Amphorae like 1136, 1171. 
He/Ienisiic glass: cf. 2576, 2583, 2621, 2636 ff., 2739, 2750. 
59. Hellenic askos 1797. 

Hellenistic glass: cf. 2558 ff., 2584, 2593, 2617, 2636, 2686, 2733, 
2776, 2865. Painted glass lids : cf 2861 ff. 
97. Graeco-Phoenician y^oXXtxy : 1228,1289. ' Eye-and-spout ' jug like 
1027. Elaborate amphora like 11 70: neck of another, and of an 
amphora like 1164 ff. Alabastron. 
Hellenistic glass: cf. 2564, 2576, 2731, 2747, 2757, 2776. Painted 
glass Uds : cf. 2861 ff. Bone toilet box: cf. 4985-4988. 
100. Graeco-Phoenician pottery with Attic vases : associated with Hellen- 
istic glass : recorded under B. above (p. 176). 
147. Graeco-Phoe}iicia7i Y>oiitry : like 1057, 1272*, 1273*, 1130a, 1171. 
Oenochoe (cf. 1043 ^) ^^'i^^ painted rays on shoulder. Polychrome 
oenochoe (spiral coil, &c., on shoulder). Alabastron : alabaster 
amphora. ' Snow-man ' terracotta figure. Jewellery : spirals like 
4ii7flf. (silver), 4124 ff. (bronze). 
Hellenistic glass: cf. 2767 ff., 2770 ff. Common earthenware cup. 
232. Graeco-Phoenician flask like 970. 

Hellefiistic glass: cf. 2582, 2593, 2601, 2636 ff., 2758. Blue glass: 
cf 2807. 
271. Hellenistic imitation of Attic kylix: cf. 1884. Rough jug and 
kantharos. Bronze mirror (Type B. y, p. 118). Cf. D. below, p. 178. 

D. Hellenistic and Graeco-Roman. 

64. Glass: cf. 2576 ff., 2617, 2739, 2767. 

Pseudo-Sam.an ware: jug like 2100: bottle like 2153. 
97. Glass: cf. 2568, 2599, 2609, 2718, 2740 ff., 2757, 2765, 2773. 

Lamp. Mother-of-pearl shell. 

N 



lyS CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

130. Glass 2623, 2681. Variegcftcd glass 2528. Lamp, with relief 

(gladiator): cf. 1360-2. 

Tridacna shell. Jewellery. 
142. Glass: cf. 2568 ff., 2693, 2750, 2765, 2767. 

Pseudo-Samian ware: cf. 2100, 2108. Two bronze coins. 
213. Glass: cf. 2602, 2603, 2619. 

Pseudo-Samian ware: cf. 2103. Lamp: cf. 1321 fl". 
271. Imitation of Attic black-glazed kylix: cf. 1884. Rough kantharos and 

jug. Bronze mirror (Type B. S, p. 118), like 3795 ff. Cf. C. above, 

p. 177. 

KITION I^LARNAKA), 1894. 

Sixty-three tombs were opened in the Vakuf land immediately north, 
west, and south of the Turabi Tekd, and in the field of Hassan Effendi 
on the east of the Nicosia road, just beyond the last houses of Old 
Larnaka. The tombs fall into two classes, Graeco-Phoenician and 
Hellenistic, which are entirely distinct, though they are found indis- 
criminately all over the sites, and though in one instance (No. 6) a 
late Graeco-Phoenician lamp was found with Hellenistic pottery and 
glass. Cf. Chron. of Exc, p. 6 ; and Introduction, p. 26 ; and J. H. S. 
xvii. pp. 152-164. 

A. Gi'aeco-Phoenician. 

Hassan Effendi, 3. Graeco-Phoenician pottery of very late types, 
like 1023-1024; lamps like 1306. 

Turabi, 11. Graeco-Phoenician pottery of late types, like 1 023-1 024; 
lamp of late type like 1306; wine amphora 2008; oenochoe like 1043 ff., 
of a local fabric of whitish clay with red bands, and zigzags on the 
shoulder. 

Turabi, 25. Graeco-Phoenician pottery of local fabrics, like 1024; 
oenochoae as above, of local fabric; one has twisted handle and lip 
anciently riveted; amphorae like iisgff., anciently riveted, containing 
human bones. Bowl of local red ware with black lines. Wine amphora 
2019. 

Turabi, 31-37. The mixed contents of four collapsed tombs. 

(a) Graeco-Phoenician pottery like 1090; alabaster amphora like 
2451 ff. 

(/3) Hellenistic pottery like 2062 ff., 2147 ff. Shells: Pec/en, sp. ; 
Venus, sp. : cf. 4496 ff. ; lamps of Hellenistic types; statuette hke 3061, 
of local terracotta fabric. 

Bronze coffin-plates like 3633 ff. 

Turabi, 34. Graeco-Phoenician oenochoae, as above, of local fabric, 
with concentric circles, «fec. Bronze bowl 3513. 

Turabi, 42. Graeco-Phoenician pottery of late types, like 1023b, 
1024; saucer with very broad rim, rather like 967 but handleless; lamps 
like 1306 ff. 

Turabi, 53. Graeco-Phoenician pottery 1028 a. Red-ware plate. 

Turabi, 55. Graeco-Phoenician pottery. Clay horseman. Stone 
bead like 709. 



TOMB GROUPS FROM VARIOUS EXCAVATIONS. 179 

Turabi. 56. Graeco- Phoenician wine amphora 2007 a, presented by 
Cypr. Expl. Fund. The rest of the Tomb Group is in Ashm. Mus., 
Oxford. 

Turabi, 58. Graeco-Phoenician pottery of local fabric, like 984 
(coarse), 1022, 1023; oenochoe of red ware, with ornament, like 1059. 
Graeco-Phoenician lamp like 1306. 

Turabi, 61. Graeco-PJwemdafi pottery of local fabric, (i) deep 
bowl like 931, (2) plain bowl of white clay burnt red j oenochoe as above. 
Graeco-Phoenician lamp of late type, like 1306. 

B. Hellenistic and Graeeo-Boman. 

Hassan Effendi, 1. Hellenisiic pottery like 1023, 2091 fif., 2133; 
lamps like 1416; glass like 2603; bronze mirror; leaden vase with 
cover 3961. 

Hassan Efifendi, 2. Helleiiistic pottery like 1024, &c.: late lamps. 

Hassan Efifendi, 4. Hellenistic pottery like 1023, 2072, 2090 ff. ; 
coarse cooking-pot with one handle; lamps like 1335 ff., 1367 ff., 
1410 ff. : note the collocation of types. 

Hassan Effendi, 6. Hellenistic pottery like 2087 ff., 2147 ff. 
Graeco-Phoenician lamp of late type, like 1306. 

Turabi, 22. Hellenistic pottery like 1023, 2062, 2153: lamps of 

various late types. 

Glass like 2568, 2610, 2693, 2773, 2783ff., 2861 ff. (painting destroyed): 
coloured glass bottles 2810 a (blue and white), 2844 (translucent 
white with opaque white streaks). 

Iron tweezers. 

Stone incense-altar : on the front a face rudely cut between two conven- 
tional trees. 
Turabi, 35. Hellenistic pottery like 2153. Lamps of late types. 

Glass hke 2603, 2628, 2636, 2670, 2783 ff., 2790 ff.; coloured glass 
2810b, 2844 ; and a small black bottle. 

Bronze mirror, spatulae, cyathus like 3601 ff . ; fragments of a cylindrical 
box, with bronze bottom and hinges. 

Turabi, 38. Hellenistic pottery like 2070 ff. ; leaden box 3969. 
Unio shell, cf. 4496 ff. 

Turabi, 45. Hellenistic pottery like 2090, 2153; flat plate of 
Samian ware ; Rhodian amphora 2024 ; lamps of various late types. 
Glass like 2630 ff.: saucer of millefiore glass 2850; glass spindlewhorl 

like 793 ff. 
Bronze mirror like 3787, and a very small plain one ; plain bronze 

plaque; bowl-covers or miniature cymbals 3557-9. 
Jewellery 8058, 8072, 4091, 4097, 4217. 



N 2 



KURION (EPISKOPI). 

Report by H. B. Walters, M.A., British Museum. 

Following up their excavations at Amathus in 1894, the authorities of 
the British Museum in January, 1895, undertook further operations on 
the site of Kurion, which lasted for some three months, and were productive 
of very interesting results. 

The special feature of the excavations was the discovery of a necropolis 
dating from the INIykenaean period, which apparently confirms the state- 
ment of Slrabo that Kurion had originally been founded by a colony 
from Argos. This cemetery lies on the side of a low hill to the east of 
Episkopi, and appears to represent the site of the original Argive or 
Mykenaean foundation. Towards the end of the sixth century b. c, the 
city must have been transferred to the site now known as the Acropolis, 
that being the date of the earliest tombs found there. 

A considerable quantity of rude and primitive local pottery was found 
in these tombs, consisting of hand-made vases with patterns in white or 
in relief on a dark ground, or in black on cream ground. The latter 
variety occurred chiefly in the tombs in which IMykcnaean vases were 
also found. The results throughout compare very closely with those 
obtained from the pre-Phoenician necropolis at Agia Paraskevi, near 
Nicosia. 

INIost of the Mykenaean pottery was of the ordinary type, but two very 
fine specimens were obtained of a small class at present very poorly 
represented, viz. the large craters with figures in chariots and similar 
subjects, specimens of which were found by Cesnola at Maroni and Agia 
Paraskevi ; on one vase is a series of female figures in panels, a style of 
decoration hitherto unknown. Another remarkable vase was a large 
pseudamphora of rough-grained clay decorated with an octopus on either 
side ; a similar example has been found in Crete. Among other objects 
should be mentioned a sard scarab of the XXVIth Dynasty with hiero- 
glyphic designs ; a Phoenician cylinder with conventional gryphon and 
tree, and a steatite scaraboid with an admirable intaglio design of a bull 
lying down, recalling the style of the Vaphio gold cups at Athens. 

The tombs in the neighbourhood of the Acropolis were also fairly 
productive, especially in gold ornaments, among which may be mentioned 
a fine pair of gold-plated bronze bracelets ending in rams' heads, a gold 
chain of very delicate workmanship, and a series of earrings and finger- 
rings. Of other objects the most important were: an archaic Greek 
bronze statuette of a woman, forming part of a candelabrum ; an archaic 
scaraboid set in a silver ring, with design of Herakles running ; several 
vases of red ware with polychrome designs painted in opaque colours, 
probably dating from the third century e.g.; and a large hydria of black- 
glazed ware with figures painted in opaque white (with details in yellow), 



TOMB GROUPS FROM KURION. l8r 

similar to those found in large numbers in Southern Italy and probably 
manufactured at Tarentum in the third century b.c. 

In a valley to the north of the Acropolis the site of a temple was 
brought to light, with rubbish-heap containing a large number of terra- 
cotta figures. On this site was also found a marble base with a bilingual 
inscription in Greek and Cypriote characters, of the fourth century b.c. 
It records a dedicadon to Demeter and Kore by one Ellovoikos, and 
suggests that the temple also was dedicated to those deities. 

A. Tombs of the Mykenaean period (Site D). 

27. Terracotta figure of bull (C. M. 467). Fragments of vases with 

white patterns on black ground (Fabric I. 3 c) and of the White 

Slip Ware (p. 39, Fabric II. 4). 
29. Bowls of White Slip Ware (II. 4), and a few plain vases. 
32. Part of a so-called Hittite seal with design of two deer and a tree. 

Two stone weights, perforated. 
35. Two green enamel beads ; cf. C. M. 630 flf. Fragments of White 

Slip Ware (II. 4). 

40. Small Mykenaean vase with scale-pattern. Two White Slip Ware 
bowls (II. 4). Jug of black ware (I. 2) with cable-pattern in 
relief. 

41. Two Mykenaean pseudamphorae and small jar. Alabaster vase. 
Stone vase with thick flutings, like a mould. Small marble vase. 
Mortar of basalt. Mykenaean ' stamnos ' with network pattern ; 
cf. C. M, 431. Two gold rings and two gold beads. 

46. Stone celt or axe-head (C. M. 470). Stone weight. 

49. White Slip Ware bowl (II. 4). 

51. Bronze ploughshare (C. M. 609). 

54. Numerous fragments of Mykenaean pottery. Large jug and series 

of bowls of White Slip Ware (II. 4). 
58. Bronze dagger with hooked handle (C. M. 558. Type y). 
87. Head of terracotta bull (C. M. 469). Mykenaean bowl (or imitation 

of that ware ?), red band on drab. Three fragments of Mykenaean 

vases. 
91. Mykenaean jug and three-handled vase; cf. C. M. 431. Bronze 

axe-head. Stone vase and three stone beads. 
93. Five stone beads. 
97. Schnabelkanne of Red Polished Ware (I. i), covered with knobs. 

Smaller, similar, plain. Ladle of red ware ; cf. C. M. 26. Askos 

of drab ware with high handle (II. 4). Lekythos of buff ware with 

knobs and indentations, of Red Ware type (I. i). Ten terracotta 

spindlewhorls with incised patterns; cf. C. M. 665 ff. 
100. Bronze knife and bracelet. Small Mykenaean vase. Part of 

primitive terracotta female figure (C. M. 466). 
103. Five bronze bracelets. Eight green stone beads and one of glass 

(iridescent). Part of an Egyptian porcelain figure. 
105. White Slip Ware bowl (II. 4). Lekythos of red ware, elongated 

shape (I. i). Terracotta bull (C. M. 468). Three stone beads. 
108. Six skyphi, drab with black patterns, local ware; cf. C. M. 954. 

Lekythos and aryballos of the same ware. Fragment of Mykenaean 

vase. 



l82 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE 

B. Graeco-Phoenician and Hellenistic : from tke later sites. 

Tomb 2. A series of common Cypriote pottery (concentric circles). 

Tripod of red ware. Fragments of bronze fibulae, Type iii ; cf. 

C. M. 4840. 
5. Bronze pan from a pair of scales. Terracotta horse. Alabastron 

with black rings on red ground. 
7. Bronze mirror and nail. Small alabaster vase. 

12. Ring and small gem of pale yellow glass. 

13. Glass ring. Roman lamp. 

19. ' Woman-and-pitcher ' jug. Four bronze spirals and small ring. 

20. Small gold spiral. Four common Cypriote vases (concentric circles 
and plain red ware). 

23. Six common Cypriote vases (red ware and concentric circles). 

60. Bronze mirror, two mirror-cases, and spatula. Gold earring with 

filagree work (Type g). Small gold pendant in shape of vase. 

Two stone beads and one gold bead. 
64. Two silver rings with stone setting. Two pairs of silver earrings. 

Nine small silver spirals. 
66. Head of terracotta statuette of boy (Cypriote fabric, moulded). 

Fragments of gold leaf. Two gold earrings (not a pair). Ivory 

ring with female head in relief. Small cylindrical bronze box. 

Bronze mirror. 
71. Late black-figured lekythos with network-pattern on red ground 

(fifth century b.c); cf. CM. 1684 fif. Two alabaster vases. Greek 

lamp of black ware (fourth century b. c). 
74. Large sard intaglio — head of Athena. 
76. Pair of gold bracelets ending in rams' heads. Gold rings — (i) with 

portrait head, (2) winged dolphin, (3) bird, (4) plain. Nine small 

round objects of gold, for attachment to dress. Two large silver 

spirals ending in snakes' heads. 
79. Parts of three terracotta female figures, of Oriental type. Silver phiale. 

Silver-plated bronze bowl. Bronze candelabrum and bowl. Iron 

strigil. Gold ring with intaglio palmette pattern. Gold ring with 

green stone setting on swivel. A series of silver bracelets and beads. 

Gold beads, forming a necklace. Two ' stamni ' of common 

Cypriote ware. 
82. Leaden pyxis. Green glass comic mask. 

84. Gold ring. Small silver box with head in relief. 

85. Fragments of iron sword. Numerous fragments of bronze cuirass 
with designs in relief. 

111. Three ' stamni ' (concentric circles), a small plain jug fixed tight in 

the top of one. 
113. Numerous glass bottles (Roman period). Two glass cups, three 

saucers, and a ring. Leaden capsa. Five Roman lamps. Two 

bone spindlewhorls. Small gold ring. Bronze mirror and spatula. 
116. Small porcelain figure. Four glass beads. Four jugs and bowl 

(concentric circles). 

C. From the Temple site (c). 

A series of terracotta statues and fragments. Women and hydriae. 
Bearded priests (heads). Horses and chariots. 



SALAMIS (near ENKOMI). 

Mykenaean Necropolis, 1896. 

For the third season of the British INIuseum excavations under the 
Turner Bequest, the site chosen was near Enkomi. The work began 
towards the end of March, and was carried on till the beginning of May 
under the superintendence of Mr. A. S. Murray, The following is his 
record of the contents of the tombs (1-36) which were selected for the 
Cyprus Museum in his time. After he left, the work was superintended 
by Mr. Percy Christian, joined afterwards by Mr. Arthur H. Smith, by 
whom it was carried on uninterruptedly till September. 

4. Fragments of bracteate gold, agate bead, porcelain beads. Fragment 

of ribbed black vase [I. 7]. One pseudamphora and parts of another. 
Oenochoe. Two fragmentary vases with ridged patterns [I. 3' a]. 
Bowl of pale white with chequers [II. 4]. Several pointed oenochoae, 
plain [cf. specimen from Laksha tu Riu 4 (Ashm. Mus.; J. H. S. xvii. 
figg. 7, 10.) and Tell-el-Hesy (Bliss, JNIMC. fig. 154)]. Cup with one 
handle. 

5. Fragments of pottery (Mykenaean and pre-Mykenaean [I. 3]). Bronze 

bowl and fragments of bronze. Two black basalt spindlewhorls 
(one incised). Stone weight. Three burnishers. 

6. Two jugs with pointed base [cf. Tomb 4]. Pale white bowl with 

vertical chequers [II. 4]. 

7. Bronze bowl found on skull of skeleton. Fragments ol' INIykenaean 

ware. 

8. (Sunk square in rock.) Fragments of INIykenaean pottery. 

14. (Sunk in the rock like a well.) Four gold hoops. One gold band. 
Three gold beads. One gold bead. Cylinder of blue porcelain 
with figures. Gold pin [cf. C. M. 591, but headless]. Two small 
gold earrings. Two gold twisted earrings. Gold mouthpiece. 
Silver earring. Fragment of silver pin. Swan in reddish metal. 
Fragments of pseudamphorae. Pale white ware with chequers [II. 4], 
dark ware with white lines [I. 3 a], and black ware with ridged 
patterns [I. 3 c]. Terracotta figure on horse. Bretas. Part of 
porcelain bowl with bands of blue, black, and white. Fragment of 
a small ivory figure much decayed. Small burnishing stone. 

20. (At the edge of the rocky plateau, tunnelled deep under the rock.) 
Large gold earring. Gold bead. Two gold spirals. Electrum 
spiral. Fragment of gold band. Two ivory scarabs (Egyptian). 
Porcelain scarab. Porcelain cylinder (plain). Bronze knife. Terra- 
cotta horse. Mykenaean cup with spirals. Fragments of Mykenaean 
vases with figure in chariot and animals. Bronze dagger. 

21. (Same place as 20.) Small gold earring. Gold pendant in form of 
bull's head. 

23. (Same place as 20.) Fragment of gold diadem. 



184 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE 

25. (Same place as 20, tunnelled into rock.) Seven fragments of gold 
bands stamped with patterns of rosettes, bulls' heads, and palm 
branch. Thin gold fmger-ring. Ivory standard (plain). Fragments 
of pscudamphora, of alabaster vase, of stone dish, and of bronze 
vases. Small stone mortar -with three feet. Fragment of bronze 
tripod. Two bronze arrow heads. 

27. (At the edge of the rocky plateau.) Two pairs of gold earrings. 
One pair of gold spirals. One geld spiral. Gold bead. Three 
fragments of narrow gold bands. Gold pomegranate. Amber 
bead. Carnelian bead. Four porcelain beads. One porcelain 
bead mounted in gold. Fragments of variegated glass vase. Four 
fragments of ivory. Four vases of black ware [I. 3]. Tall red jug 
[I. 8]. Small vase with spout. INIykenaean cup. 

28. (Well built of small irregular stones.) Fragment of gold earring 
(twisted). Narrow gold band. 

29. (Edge of cliff.) Gold seed-shaped bead. Gold buU's-head pendant. 
Five gold beads. Chalcedony bead (lentoid, plain). 

30. (Near cliff.) Small gold earring with granular pendant. Top of lime- 
stone head, of Cypriote style, with close cap. 

31." (Near cliff.) Two gold beads. 

36. INfykenaean krater. Four pre-lNIykenaean vases [I. 3]. Tall jug 
(pre-Mykenaean [I. 3]). Fluted jug [I. 7]. Handle of large 
Mykenaean amphora. Bowl of white ware. 

43'. (Oval cave in soft rock, 10 ft. x 7 ft. X 5 ft.: roof much decayed.) 
Gold: five diadems and two mouthplates (cf. C. M. 4343 ff.) stamped 
with (i) rams' heads, (2) 'earring pattern,' (3) 'shell pattern,' 
(4) rosettes; seven bull's-head pendant earrings. Bronze: two 
mirrors (shaped like C. M. 3750) ; fragmentary spearheads and knife- 
blades. Stone: two spindle whorls: plates and pestles. Alabaster 
"vases. Ivory: incised fragments. Pottery of fabrics I. 3 (red 
variety) ; 7 ; II. 4 ; II. 5 (Mykenaean), krater painted with a bull ; 
pscudamphora; pyxis; jug with spout. 7Irraf(9//a horse (or bull?). 
Three human skulls. 

44. (Small cave in the cliff.) Gold: earrings with 'granulated' pendant 
ornament (cf. Tomb 30); ' twisted' earrings ; needle; seed-shaped 
bead. Electrinn : diadem ; small ring. Pottery : pre-Wykenaean 
fragments [I. 3]. 

49. (Small cave : collapsed.) -£'/rf/r«/« : pair of small earrings. Pottery: 

I. 3, 4; II. 4, &c. 

52. (Deep tomb ; collapsed ; door in place.) Lenticular chalcedony 
pebble, partially shaped. Pottery: I. 3 (and a flask of similar ware) ; 

II. I ; 4; and a handleless vase like the grey Polledrara ware of 
Naukratis. 

54. (Deep tomb; full of earth.) Gold: two narrow bands: twisted 
needle ; ' twisted ' earring. Silver : pin ; fragments of a small ring. 
Pottery: I. 3, 4, 8 ; II. i, &c. 

55. (Deep tomb with two dressed stone entrances ; doors in place ; 
(a) gold, vases, and a thin layer of bones above a layer of fallen 
roof, a foot thick ; ip) below this a foot and a half of bone-dust and 
pottery, with water.) 

' For Nos. 43-99 Mr. P. Christian's inventory has been revised with Mr. A. II. 
Smith's notes. 



TOMB GROUPS FROM SALAMIS. 185 

(o) Gold : necklace w □ w □ w ; signet-ring, engraved with 
a deer and ? a tree ; pair of spirals ; thin bands ; narrow ring. 
Pottery: I. 3 (bowl, jug, and bull-shaped vase); I. 7; II. 3; II. 5 
(Myk.), krater, pseudamphora, and a similar vase with central orifice 
and three handles ; fragments of Mykenaean ware with white paint 
on red ground. 

(/3) Pottery : I. 3 ; II. 4. 

59. (Small cave; door missing; full of earth.) Gold: six narrow bands ; 
2 1" pairs of twisted earrings. Electriim : narrow bands, fragmentary. 
Silver: fragments of rings. Porcelain: two beads. Alabaster: 
fragmentary cup. Pottery: I. i (plain red schnabelkanne); I. 3; 
II. 5 (Myk.), krater, pseudamphora, jug. 

63. (Very small oval tomb, entered from a shaft two feet deep.) Gold: 
narrow band ; small needle. Electriim : three small bands ; two 
small rings. Silver : gilt fibula ; pin ; fragments of two narrow 
bands, and of two rings. Porcelaifi : two cylinders. Pottery : 
I. 3 a-c ; II. 4, small jug with spout. 

63. (Deep shaft opening into two-chambered V-shaped tomb; pottery 
packed round the V; one skeleton, extended, at the end of one of the 
chambers.) Gold: one bead. Porcelain: bowl (broken), and other 
fragments. Pottery: I. 3 a (like C. M. 252); II. 4 ; II. 5 (Myk.), 
krater with chariot scene ; wide-mouthed vase with deer ; seven 
pseudamphorae with concentric circles; five three-handled cups, 
two pyxides; two vases like C. M. 441 ; clay disc. 

71. (Chamber 11 ft. X 5 ft. x 5 ft.; 10 ft, from the surface; built and 

vaulted with ill-burnt quoin-shaped bricks, with a few large stones at 
intervals.) 6^1?/^: four narrow bands; two twisted earrings ; pin [cf. 
Type 7, p. 54]; twisted pin; and fragments. Porcelain: three 
cylindrical beads, with lattice-pattern. 

72. (Small cave : door in place ; full of earth, with a hole in the roof.) 
Gold: two bands; mouthpiece stamped with spiral pattern; and 
fragments. Pottery : II. 5 (Myk.), krater (in fragments), and three 
small cups. 

76. (Deep tomb, 20 ft. from the surface: full of water and fallen rock.) 
Gold : bull's-head pendant earring ; beads, seventeen ribbed cylindri- 
cal, one discoidal ; small ring ; ostrich Q^g. Terracotta : two nude 
female figures. Potteiy : I. 7 (and red flask) ; II. 5 (Myk.), krater ; 
pseudamphora : broken saucer with ashes of burnt incense. 

78. (Small cave : door in place ; a small locker in the shaft on either side 
of the doorway, with door in place, and full of bones and earth; one had 
two narrow gold bands. Gold : two narrow bands ; two mouthpieces 
and two diadems ; all plain, thin. Silver : bowl and bracelets, frag- 
mentary. Brotize fragments. Variegated glass bottle. Alabaster 
fragments. Pottery: II. 4; II. 5 (Myk.), four kraters; two pyxides; 
open-mouthed vase with spirals; jug with spout, &c. 

80. (Small cave: door in place; full of earth, with a small hole in the 
roof.) Porcelain : pseudamphora, black lotos pattern on shoulder 
[given to Brit. Mus.]. Pottery: I. 3 ; II. 4 ; II. 5 (Myk.), four 
kraters; one jug with spout; rough jug with geometrical figures of 
men in black and red [= prototype of early Graeco-Phoenician style, 
cf. p. 40]. 

82. (Small cave, full of earth and stones.) Gold: two pairs of long 



l86 CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 

boat-shaped earrings; thirteen buU's-head earrings; one mouth- 
piece with rosettes; six diadems, with rosettes (i), rams' heads (2), 
and ' earring pattern ' (3-6). Bronze bowl. Ivory : incised frag- 
ments of ? mirror handle. Alabaster : fragments of vases. Pottery : 
II. 5, fragments of fine Myk. amphora. 

97. (Tomb with raised platforms on one side and on part of another ; 
door in place; another opening, on one side, from a shaft.) Gold: 
necklace (cf. Tomb 55), with gold-mounted porcelain cylinder as 
centrepiece ; thin ring with open ends. Lead wire (found in the 
shaft). Brofize fragments. Iroti ore. Porcelain : pseudamphora 
with .-' inscription ; pomegranate-shaped handle. Basalt cylinder. 
Pottery : I. 3, white-ware pointed jug [cf. Laksha tii Riii, 4] ; II. 4 ; 
II. 5 (INIyk.), three pseudamphorae and a saucer; fragments of 
IMykenaean ware near the surface. 

90. (Deep cave ; fallen in ; door displaced.) Gold earring (.'), frag- 
mentary. Silver: two earrings, and fragments; two eyelet pins 
(Type y, one gilt). Bronze : two pairs of earrings ; two spirals. 
Stone: two shaped gems; one cornelian bead. 

94. (Deep cave : small and fallen in.) Gold: two diadems. Alabaster 
pyxis of Myk. type. Porcelain bowl, fragmentary. Pottery: I. 
3 a-c, pointed jugs [cf. Laksha tu Riii, 4] ; II. 5 (iMyk.), amphora 
painted with bulls (fragmentary) ; pyxis ; kraters ; cup ; globular 
bottle ; miniature vases ; much common pottery ; rattle, of white 
ware, in the form of an owl. Terracotta lion in rough clay: seated 
figure. 

96. (Small circular cave; fallen in; door missing). Gold: ring of 
Egyptian type, engraved with an hippopotamus {Thueris) ; one bead. 
Crushed fragments of pottery, porcelain, alabaster, ivory, and bone. 

98. Silver spiral and fragments. Fragment of a polished pebble. 
Pottery: I. i, jug with twisted handle and imitation of metal rivet 
(cf. KEH. ccxvi. 17, and spp. from Nikolides in Berl. Mus.) ; II. 5 
(Myk.), fragments of a vase painted with birds ; pyxis ; bowl with lip; 
cup. Terracotta bull [cf. C. M. 467 if.]. 

99. Lapis-laztilti^): five beads, one in the form of a frog. Pottery: I. 3. 



MARONI. 

Report by H. B. Walters, M.A., British Museum. 

Excavations on behalf of the British Museum took place on the 
Bronze-Age site near Maroni, known as Zarukas, and in its immediate 
neighbourhood, during the months of November and December, 1897, 
under the superintendence of Mr. H. B. Walters. Reports had given 
grounds for supposing that this site would be very fruitful in results. 
Such, however, was not the case, only about thirty productive tombs 
being found during the first month. Excavations were then delayed for 
ten days by bad weather, and though further attempts were made on all 
sides of the Zarukas site, and also in the neighbourhood of Mari and 
Kalavaso, all wei'e entirely unsuccessful. However, a fairly interesting 
yield of Mykenaean and Bronze-Age objects was made, without any one 
object of exceptional value or interest being brought to light. 

The pottery was of the usual types : some good Mykenaean vases 
with figures, and a universal prevalence of the base-ring [I. 3, p. 37] and 
white-slip wares [11. 4, p. 39], and of common glazed and unglazed 
fabrics of various shapes, but none of the early incised pottery [I. i, p. 36], 
except from the trial diggings at Kalavaso. Among the gold and 
porcelain objects were some good pins, earrings, and pendants, such 
as were found in large numbers at E7ikomi in 1896 (pp. 183-6), and 
one or two scarabs, not as yet interpreted. Several specimens of a rare 
but characteristic type of gold ornament were found (Tombs 8 and 12) 
in the form of a hollow truncated cone, with a bent-up rim round the 
larger end, like a hat [cf. C. M. 4502]. A fair share of the gold 
ornaments and a thoroughly representative collection of pottery from 
these tombs was allotted in the distribution to the Cyprus Museum ; but 
the objects marked thus * below were eventually separated from their 
Tomb-Groups, and transferred to the British Museum. 

Tomb 5. Gold: plain diadem. 
9. Gold: plain diadem. 

10. Gold fibula-pin (as from Enkomi, Tomb 19, Brit. Mus.). Silver: 
two similar pins. Porcelain : small scarab with hieroglyphics. 

11. Bronze dagger with tang. Fragments of bronze bowl with repoussd 
patterns. 

18. Porcelaiii * bowl with Egyptian designs. Terracotta : primitive 
figure (snow-man technique), with markings in red and black [cf. 
C. M. 466]. Large vase * in fragments, with figures of stags, &c. 
[cf. Enkomi, 68, p. 185]. Funnel-shaped vase with red bands. 

19. Gold: nine glandular beads. 



1 88 



CYPRUS MUSEUM CATALOGUE. 



22. Terracotta bull with painted stripes (base-ring ware) [I. 3 : cf. C. M. 
467-9]. Two pseudamphorae, two pyriform vases, two double- 
handled lekylhi. 

23. Kernos, with three globular pots on a thick ring ; patterns in red. 
Vase * with covered top and two holes like eyes. Various sub- 
IMykenacan vases. 

25. Gold: three twisted rings. Two porcelain bowls with beaded rims, 
in brown, yellow, and greenish-blue. Two terracotta figures (snow- 
man technique). Fragments * of vase with stags, &c. 

Excavations subsequently took place in December, 1897, near the 
Hald SuUiVi Tt'ke', on the west side of the Salt Lake near Larnaka 
(v. J. H. S. xvii. p. 149, fig. 6, map), with somewhat similar results: 
and are to be continued during the spring of 1898. 



TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS 

USED IN THE INDEX, AND OCCASIONALLY ELSEWHERE. 

N.B. — Ancient names are usually printed in capitals; modern place-names and 
abbreviated names of Museums in italics. 



2?^ = object of bronze. 

Ag. Par, =Agia Paraskevi. 

Am. =Amathus. 

amph. = amphora. 

Jf^. = object of silver. 

H = object of gold. 

Ashm. — Ashmolcan Museum, Oxford. 

attr. = attribute of a deity. 

bf. = Attic black-figured vases. 

bgl. = Attic black-glazed vases. 

Bibl. jVa/. =Bibliotheque Nationale, 

Paris. 
B. P. Ware = Black Punctured Ware, p. 37. 

B. R.Ware = Base-ring Ware, p. 37. 
BrA. = Bronze Age. 

Brit. = British Museum. 

C. E. F. = Cyprus Exploration Fund. 
C. M. = Cyprus Museum. 

C. M. C. = Cyprus Museum Catalogue. 

cone. = concentric. 

Cu. = object of copper. 

Eg. = Egj'ptian. 

Fe. = object of iron. 

Fiizw. =Fitz\villiam Museum, Cam- 
bridge. 

fragt. = fragment. 

GkPh. =Graeco-Phoenician. 

GkR. =Graeco-Roman. 

Gl. = object of glass. 

Hellc. = Hellenic, or showing Hel- 
lenic influences. 

hr. = handle-ridge, of vases. 

imit. = Cypriote imitation oi. 



J. H. S. 


= Journal of Hellenic Studies. 


KBH. 


= Ohnefalsch-Richter, ' Ky- 




pros,the Bible, and Homer.' 




1892. 


Lou. 


= Louvre Museum. 


MMC. 


= Bliss, 'Mound of Many 




Cities.' 1894. 


MN. 


= Musee Napoleon (Louvre). 


MS. Rep. 


= Manuscript reports of O-R.'s 




earlier excavations for Brit. 




and C. M. 


Myk. 


= Mykenaean. 


NY. 


= Metropolitan Museum, New 




York. 


obj., objj. 


= object, objects. 


0-R. 


= Ohnefalsch-Richtcr. 


ornt. 


= ornament. 


Pb. 


= object of lead. 


Rbw. 


= GkPh. fed ware with black 




and white paint. 


repr. 


= a representation of the ob- 




ject named, in sculpture or 




painting. 


Sc. 


= sculpture. 


rf 


= Attic red-figured vases. 


^. Kens. 


= South Kensington Museum. 


Sp., spp. 


= specimen, specimens. 


StA. 


= Stone Age. 


St. G. 


= St. Germain-en-Laye Mu- 




seum. 


TC, Tc. 


= object of terracotta. 


TG. 


= Tomb Group. 


WL. 


= ' wavy line ornament. 



INDEX I 



OF NAMES, PLACES^ OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



For abbreviations see p. i88. 



Abacus, 6301-6. 

Abd-ashtar, 172. 

' Abh. Berl. Acad.,' 28. 

'Academy,' 6, 7, 20, 172. 

Acorn-shaped pendants, 35. 

Adonis, 31, 142. 

Aegean, 18, 20, 38-9; cf. Cyclades : 

Mykenaean. 
Aeschylos, 30. 

Africa (Kabyles), 22; cf. Libya. 
Agalmatolite, 634 ff., 66. 
Agate, 8354, 1S3. 
Agios Barnabas, 11. 
Ag. Demetrianos, 5. 
Ag. Gcorgios, (Idalion) 4, 159, 6300, 

i^Lithrodonia) 9. 
Ag. Heraklides (Tamassos), 12. 
Ag. Hcrvioghies, 7, 3531. 
Ag. Iannis tis Malliintas, 2. 
Ag. Katrina, 11. 
Ag. Mndsos (Tamassos), 12. 
Ag. Nikoldos, 2. 
Ag. Paraskevi, BrA., i, 8, 14-5, 23, 27, 

33= 36, 52. Cf. Index IIL p. 211, 

s. V. 

— BrA. type of pottery, 180. 

— Hellenistic objects, 95, TG. 1894, 12, 

2159-61. 

Ag. Sozdmenos, 2 ; TG. 58. 

Agora (Salamis), ii. 

Agrianos (amph. stamp), 2201, 2292. 

Akhna, i, 21, 30, 141, 153, 156; Tc. 
3001-15-17-27-73-85-87-91-93- 
95, 3101-3-13-15-17-19. 

Akrostolion, 7. 

Akroteria, 5958-60,5963,6201; painted, 
5960. 

Alabaster spindlewhorls, 771 ff. ; vases, 
2401 ff. ; TG. 174 {Foli, 106 II., 
218 II.), 176-7 (Amathus, 165, 
100, 97, 147), 17S (KITION, 31-7), 
181-2 (Kurion), 183-6 (Salamis) ; 
statuette, 5862 ; imitations of, 2147- 
9, 2441-6, 1 74 [Poli, 117 1.); painted, 
182. Cf. Gypsum. 

Alabastra of glass, 2520-2536. 

Aldr/tbra, 2, 14, 36, 52. 



Alesiades (amph. inscr.), 2232. 

Alexandrian vase, 2051. 

Alps, 18, 36. 

Altar, rf. 1659, 1661; paste, 4770; 
sculptured (? base), 5991. 

Ainargelti, 2, 162-4, 3863, 5901-27. 

Araasis (vase painter), 1542. 

Amathus, 2 ; skulls, 1 3 ; Dipylon potterj', 
23; Naukratite pottery, 25; miso- 
Hellenic, 30; scarabs from, 23 ; por- 
celain from, 25 ; silver bowl, 33 ; gold 
plate, 34; painted stelae, 27, 164-5, 
6951-63 ; polychrome vases, 60 ; 
elaborate GkPh. amphorae, 1165-70 ; 
TG. 175-7. See Index III, p. 2 1 1 , s. v. 

Ambelliri , 3. 

Amber, 4901-3; cf. 4469, 139, 184. 

American College, Beirut, 19. 

Amethyst, 4051, 4054, 4892-3. 

Amethystine glass, 2843-7. 

Amnion, repr. of Zeus, 1385-6. 

Amorgos, 55, 158; cf. Aegean: Marble 
figures. 

Amorite culture, 16. 

Amphorae, 24, 38, 41; BrA. 188-206; 
Myk. 431, cf. 439-40 ; GkPh. TG. 
177; bf. 1541-3 ; rf. 1651-2, 1686 ; 
Hellenistic, 2160-1; alabaster, 2451- 
60, 177 (Am. 147), 178 (Kition, 
25) ; glass, 2511-8 ; repr. of, 1594 ; 
pendant, ^4354-5, 4365-73, 4439; 
paste, 4933 (wine amphora); Rho- 
dian, 179. 

Amulet, 5112-5, 5123, 5148. 

Amyntas (amph. stamp), 2268, 2311, 

Andrikos (amph. stamp), 2269. 

Andronikos IV, 141. 

Animals, repr. of, BrA. 36 ; GrPh. 24, 33 ; 
yE 3851, 3861-2; jewellery, 35, 4168, 
4251, 4407 (porcelain); seal, 4521, 
4751 ff, (Eg.porcel.un); fresco, 5960. 
Animal-shaped vases, 24 ; BrA. 215, 
388-9,442; to support throne, 6162; 
as votive offerings, 31. Animal-headed 
deities, 4726-37, 4746. 

Ankh symbol, 4541, 4546. 

Anklet, v. Bracelet. 



190 



INDEX I. 



'Annales' (Menant), 28. 

Annunciation, repr. of, 4897. 

Anthro]iometry, 13. 

Aiithropomoipliic deities, 31 ; vases, 33. 

Antiphancs (amph. stamp), 2270. 

Apamitios (amph. stamp), 2231, 2244. 

Ape, repr. of, 4751-2. 

Aphrodisia, inscr. 5963. 

Aphrodite, Kourotrophos, 3 ; Paphia, 5, 
10, 1^9, 5390-1 ; at Idalion, 3, 4, 157, 
160; at Katydata-Linii, 4 ; at Khytroi, 
5, 149; at Paplios, 10; tortoise sacred 
to, 31 ; witli Adonis, 142 ; repr. of?, 
4971, 5140. 

Apis, 5763. 

Aplustre, Tc. 3351. 

Apollo, Amyklaios, 8 ; Aids rrpo(l>rjTr]s. 141; 
Katharsios, 31, 141 ; Kitharoedos, repr. 
of, 1356 ; ^iclanthios, 2, 162-4, 5921- 
4 ; Opaon, v. Melanthios. 

at Amargetti, 2; at Frangissa, 12; 
at Idalion, 3; at Kalymnos, 138; at 
Kosci, 6 ; at Limniti, 6 ; at Tamassos, 
12 ; at Voni, 5, 141. 

Statues of, 5048-53 ; dedication to, 
5142-5 ; from Orchomenos,- &c., cf. 
3865. 5009, 6084. 

Attributes: eagle, 141, 5048-9; fawn, 
141,5051-2; lyre, 1356 ; Nike, 141, 
5050; roll, 5048; sphinx?, 142; 
temple-boy, 142, 5053. 

Apoptygma, 81. 

Apple'(attribnte\ 146, 167, 5992. 

Aqueduct (Ktima), 6. 

Aratophanes (amph. stamp), 2201. 

'Archaeologia,' 41. 

'Archaeol. Zeitung,' 6, 7. 

Archaic smile, 30, 5008, 5010, 5012, 
5018, 5640 ; type of features, 3111, 
3185. 5002, 5005-10 (esp. 5006), 
5089. 5223-47 (esp. 5244-7), 5304, 
5323-34, 5338-9, 5573-5, 5640-2, 
5858, 5913, 6083-4. 

Archery, is ; cf. Arrow. 

'Archives des Missions,' 7, 13. 

Archokrates (amph. stamp), 2204. 

Aretine (pseudo-Samian) ware, 93, 2113 
ff. ; 174 {ro/i, 218 II.), 176 (Am. 64, 
100, 142, 213), 179 (KITION, 45); 
imit. 175. 

Argive colony at Kurion, 40, 180. 

Aristagoras (amph. stamp), 2233. 

Aristeides (amph. stamp), 2234. 

Aristokypras, 6222. 

Ariston (amph. stamp), 2231. 

Aristos, 6222. 

Arm of statue a separate piece, Tc. 5813. 

Armilla, 175; v. Bracelet. 

Armlet, v. Bracelet. 

Annour, Cvpriote, 29; repr. of, 3147; 
7E 3801 ft. ; Fe. 391 1 ff. Cf. Helmet, 
Shield, Sword, &c. 

Arrow-heads: absent in BrA. 15, but Mvk. 
184 ; Hellc. A^ 3811-3-6 C Fe. 3924, 
173 (3934 should be 3924); orna- 
ment, 24, 1117, 1169 ; for buds, 1059 a. 



ArsinoK, 9 ; V. Po/i. 

Art, history of Cypriote, 23. 

Artemidoros, 5922. 

Artemis. Paralia, 6. 

at Akhna, i ; at Idalion (Brit. Mus.), 
cf. 6107-8, 170 ; at Kition, 5, 6, 153; 
at .Salamis, 11; at Voni, 142. 

Kepr. of?, 5140-1, 5991; inscr. to, 
5146 ; attr. fawn, 5991. 

Ashmolcan Museum, sjip. from Ag. Para- 
skevi, 1894, 10; cf. 92. Amotgos, 55. 
Crete (.i^i), 51. Egypt, 38, Kalopsida, 
4, 5, 7, 80 ; cf. 286. Laksha tu Riu, 
183, cf. 305. Larnaka (Hatsalos and 
Kamelarga), 6, 33, 179, (Turabi) 56. 
Paphos, 34, 138, 174. Phrygia, 37. 
Pyla, II. Salamis ^Toumba), 12. 
Aliscell. : BrA. figurine, 27 ; fibula, cf. 
4824 ; jewellery, cf. 4348-9, 4377 ; 
sculpture, cf. 4377, 5260; terracottas, 
cf. 5501 ff. ; wheel-made ware, 38. See 
Index of Museums, pp. 217-8. 

Asia Minor, 19, 40. 

Asiatic importations, 15. 

Askos, BrA. 181 ; PIcl'lc. 1701 ff., 177, 
Am. 59; native imitations, 1756, 2081. 

Aspi'a Ge, v. Aldmhra. 

Ass, repr. of, Tc. 32, 3221 ; bf. 1594. 

Assarlik, in Karia, 138. 

Assurbanipal, 28. 

Assyrian gem engraving, 4581 ; helmet 
(repr.), 5542 ; horses' manes, cf. 3303 ; 
infl. in Cyprus, 28-9 ; sculpture, cf. 
5018 ; tribute-lists, 8, 28. 

Astarte, with Adonis, 142 ; symbolic 
crescent, 110, 6301-6. 

Atesippos (amph. stamp), 2236. 

'Athenaeum,' 6, 7. 

Athenacus, 29. 

Athene Promachos, 4603. Parthenos, 
5991; at Idalion, 3. 

Repr. gems, 4603 ; gem from Ku- 
rion, 7, 182; lamp, 1384; statuette 
from .Salamis, ii ; from Varvakeion, 
T45 ; altar from Vitsada, 5991. 

Athens, I S, 39; 'ESc. 'Wvovaiov, cf /7^3ei3, 
6720 ; Sc. 9, 5009 ; Acropolis Mus. 
No. 444 (Musees d'Athcncs, PI. vi), 
cf. 5641-2, 5813 ; v. Attic, Attica. 

Athenian campaigns in the Levant, 30. 

Attic silver mines, 34. 

— vases, 25, 61, 81, 173; bf. 1541 flf. ; 
from KuRiON, 1S2 ; Poll, 174; Cypri- 
ote school of, 1085, 61, 1603 ; SALA- 
MIS, II. 

rf. 1645 ff. ; from Amathus, 176-7, 
Bdtsalos, 5592 ff. ; Poll, 9, 30, 173-4; 
Salamis, ii. 

b. glaze, 25, 61,1801-1865; from 
Amathus, 180; imit. 177; Kurion 
(Italian var.), 180 ; Poli, 173. 

— sculpture, 4th cent. 6315. 
Attica, sub-Mykenaean, 21. 
Attributes of deities, 31. 

' AusLmd,' 5. 
AvgSro, 21. 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



191 



Awls, 15, 53, JE 563 ff. ; bone, 610. 
Axeheads, stone, v. Celt; JE 181, 501 ff.; 
miniature, JE 3825. 

Babylonian cylinder, i, 32 ; gold ring, 11, 

34- 
Balance, JE 3695, 181 ; v. Scales. 

— of power in Cyprus, 30. 
Ballas-Naqada, 16, 38-9. 
'Ba7nbula, 5, 5599. 

Barrel-shaped vases, 980 ff., 177 ; Am. 20. 
Basalt mortar, 181 ; spindlewhorl, 183 ; 

cylinder, 186. 
Base, BrA. vase with, 211 ; of Hellc. 

statues, 5142-3, 5145, 5148 (made of 

part of a statue), 5149-50, 5391, 

5921-4, 6165-7. 
Base-ring, 16, 21, 36-7; ornaments 

within, JE 901 ff. 
Base-ring Ware, 19, 27-8, 37, 51, 57- 

8, 184-6, 251 ff., 3321. 
Basket, repr. Tc. 3301 ; panniers, 3331. 

— work, 16, 36-7 ; ornament, BrA. 271- 
7, 311, 328, 346 ff. ; rf. 1645 ; Hellc. 
2102. Ct. Lattice. 

Bdtsalos, 6, 157, 5590-2. 

Beads, BrA. 15, cf. 178, 181 ff. ; GkPh. 

23, 35; gold, 33> 35,181-6; Ji^^. 176, 

Am. 100. 

— on earrings, 4026-8, 4030, 4043 ff. 
Beard, repr. 1S2, 5012-3, 5017-8; in a 

separate piece, 5017. 

Bee, repr. of, 4154. 

Beirut, 19. 

Bell, Tc. 1195, 3357-9 ; JE 4431. 

Benzinger, Dr., 39. 

Berlin Antiquarium, spp. from Ag. Para- 
skevi, 15, 27. Ag. Sozomenos, 2, 58. 
Amathus, 34 ; Idalion, 3, 4, 30, 34, 
157. Katydatu-Linii, 4. Kition, 28, 
(Sargon stele) 30. Kurion, 34. Lam- 
berli, 16. Lapathos, 8. Limniti, 8, 
30. NikoHdes, 2, 58, 186; Tamassos, 
12, 33. 59. Inv. No. 109, cf. 464 ; 466, 
cf.499a; statue,KBH. xlii. 5, cf. 5136. 

• — Volkerkiinde (Schliemann Coll.), 39. 

Bes, Egyptian charm, 4721-4. 

Bezel of rings, 35; glass, 106; engraved, 
35 ; niello, 140, 4897. 

Bezold, Dr., i, 15, 134, 4501. 

' Bibliography of Cyprus,' C. D. Cobham, 

7- 
Bibliotheque Nationale, v. Index to 

Museums, p. 219. 
Biddulph, Sir R., 4. 
Biga, v. Chariot. 

Bilingual inscription, v. Inscriptions. 
Binding-ornament, 921, 1091, 1173. 

— of boxes, 3631 ff. 
Bird-cage ?, 2146. 

faced Tc. 27, 51, 466. 

— -jug, type of oenochoe, 1086. 

— repr. of; BrA. 36, 44, 225, 51 ; Myk. 
186; GkPh. 177 (^w. 214); tc. 3251- 
76 ; on lamps, 1337, 1342 ; on rings, 
4147, 4154; gems, &c., 4563, 4601, 



182; Byz. K 4891; votive, 31, 51, 
3015, 3111-2 ; held by statues, 3161, 
3207, 3217 (? a pet), 5114-24 ; stone, 
5155, 5202-7 a, 5535-7, 5717, 5886, 
6092-5. 

Bit, JE 3841-2 ; v. Harness. 

Bithynia, 17. 

Black figured, v. Attic vases. 

— glazed, GkPh. 1025. 

— Glazed Ware, BrA. 39, 185. 

— Punctured Ware, BrA. 19, "37-S, 281- 
8 ; cf. 39. 

— Slip Ware, BrA. 37, 41, 57-8, 181, 40, 
111-114, 117-20, 125-7, 203-5. 209, 
217, cf. 319-21 ; with red paint, 401-2 ; 
GkPh. 59, 1016, 1020. 

— van of Red Wares, BrA. 17, ?,6, 39, 
75-87,207,703-7; red outside, 82; 
GkPh. 1008, 1074. 

— Ware, BrA. ( = Base-ring Ware), 183-4, 
cf. 39. 75 ; GkPh. 59, 931, 985, 1008^ 
1017 a, 1018 a, 1033 ff., 1074 (var. of 
red ware). 

Bliss, Dr. F. J., Tell-el-Hesy, 20, 37, 39, 

51, 182. 

MMC. fig. 82, 655 ; figs. 9S-100, 591 

-3; figs. 101-2, 572; fig. iii, cf. 464; 

fig. 154, C. M. C. 183 ; fig. 174, 964. 
Bloodstone, 4581. 
Boar, repr. of, lamp, 1341. 
Boat, repr. of, Tc. 3351-5. 

shaped earrings, 34, 121. 

Boeotia, red paint of, 23 ; early sculpture, 

143, 169. 
BoiffFos (amph. stamp"), 2271. 
Bone objects, BrA. 23, 186, 610 ; GkPh. 

720 ff.; Hellc. 177,182; flutes, 3848-9. 
Boots of early Tc. 3137, 5995, 6025. 
Bored and drilled holes, 55. 

— hole in foot of a plate, 2118 a. 

Boss ornt., BrA. 53, 93, 120 a, 194, 204 ; 
cf. Button ornt. 

— of Oriental shield, Fe. 3931-2. 
Bottle-jug, 1021 ff., 2074-5, 2135-6, 153, 

5799. 

Bow, attr. of Eros, 3163. 

Bowl, stone, 2; bronze, 3503 ff. ; pottery, 
24, 36 ; glass, 2716-33, 2790-4, 2801, 
2811, 2828-30, 2842-5, 2848; carried 
by votaries, 5337 a, 5525-6, 5539- 
40. 

— covers, painted glass, 2861-81, 177. 
Box, JE 3561-8, 1S2 ; repr. of, rf. 1663 ; 

bindings of, 3631 ff., 174, 178; leaden, 
3965-74, 179; bone, 4981-8,177; 
Al 182. 

Bracelet, 15, 33-4, 130, 4250-80, Byz., 
4894-5, 176-7 (Amathus); repr. 
5641, 5751-4, 5991, 6311-3, 178-9 
(Kition), 181 (Kurion); animal- 
headed, 35 ; armlet, repr. 6083. 

Bracket ?, JE 3575 ; porcelain, 4775-6. 

Brazier ?, 2146. 

Breadmaking, Tc. 3145, cf. JE 561 note. 

Breastplate, /E 3826-7, 182. 

Breccia, 5926-7. 



192 



INDEX I. 



Bretas( = Myk. Tc), 183. 

Bricks, Myken.ican, 185. 

Bridal scene, rf. 1645. 

Bridle, v. Harness. 

B.-itish Government in Cyprus, 5. 

— Museum, spp. from Akhna, I, 30, 
cf. 5571. Alambra, 2. Amathus, 3, 
35, 68, 175, 1501; cf. 1603, 3195, 
3341 ff. Idalion, 3, cf. 3095, 5053, 
5066 fl"., cf. 6107-8, 6116. Kahun, 
38. Kurion, 7, 31 ; portrait statue, 33; 
gold, 39; BrA. figurine, 51 ; jade, 52. 
RIari, 9. Ormidhia, 10. Phoenichals, 
10. I'oli, 9 ; marble torso, 30. Pyla, 
166; cf 5991-7. Salamis, il, 12, 
33, 101. Syria, glass, 2704-5. Ta- 
massos, 12, 77. Zarukas, 187. See In- 
dex of Museums, p. 216, s. v, 

— School of Archaeolo,q;y, 3, 9. 
Bromios (amph. inscr.), 2232, 2272-3[-4 

Bronze Age, civilization, i4fr. ; figurines, 

27, 51 ; glass, 100; human remains, 13; 

implements, 53-4; jewellery, 33, 130-1, 

4000-4, 4101, 4471-9; lamp?, 80; 

ornament (on GkPh. vase\ 1136 ; 

plouglishare, 54,609 ; population, I4ff. ; 

porcelain, 55 ; pottery, 16, 36 ff., 1-449 ; 

seals, 32 ; settlements, 14; sites, 1-12, 

14 (list); spindlewhorls, 55; stone 

implements of BrA. 52 ; terracottas, 

27, 51 ; tombs, 14 ; tomb-groups, 57-8 ; 

touchstone, 488; weapons, 15, 53-4; 

whetstone, 52. 
Bronze objects from tombs, 1 73 ; bowls, 

176, 177,182,183, 186; cuirass, 182; 

silver-plated, 182; implements, i;3; 

jewellery, 33; lamp, 80, 176; proto- 

tvpes of poiterv, cf. 965-7 ; vases, 1S4, 

4176 ff , 8259, 4263-70. 
Brown, Mr. S., 7. 
Bucchero of Cyprus, 38, 47, 59, 70, 72, 

184-5; black, 1033-47, 1101-2; red, 

1039, 

— of Italy, 38, 59. 
Buckle, AL 3831 2. 

Bud ornament, 1059 a, 1167-8. 

Biigelkanne, 430, 58. 

Bull, repr. of, on Myk. vases, 40, 184, 186; 
on lamp, 1347; gem, 180; human- 
headed, 5208 a; head, on GkPh. vases, 
6o; earring, 4016, 4020-1-25-27- 
31-2 ; pendant, 4375, 5208-8 a, 1 83-6 ; 
on diadem, 1 84 ; Tc. 5566, 184-6, 5734, 
5845 ; cf. Cow. 

Burial; customs, 15, 25,31; of terracottas, 
31 ; of coins, 26 ; reburials, 26; surface 
graves, 27; mouth-plate, 131. 

Burnishers for pottery, 16, 36, 183. 

Butmir, 38. 

Button, 132; replacing fibulae, 24. 

— ornament, BrA. 120 a, 36. 
Byzantine c^ross, ^4435, 133 ; jewellery, 

5, 35, 140, 4891-7; lamps, 80, 1396- 
1426 ; tombs at Voni, 5 ; at Ktima, 
6. 



Cable ornt., v. Rope ornt. 

Caduceus (attribute), 2024, 3201, 4609, 

5991. 
Cakes, votive, Tc. 3112, 5522-4, 5660 

-1. 
Calf, votive, 5528, 5532. 
Cambridge, v. Fitzwilliam Museum. 
Campaiiopetra (Salamis'i, n. 
Candelabra, iE 3611-20, 174, 180, 182. 
Cap (of Temple-boy\ 5129-35, 5211, 

6119-26, cf. 5795-8, 5556; Phry- 
gian V, 5564 ; wedge-shaped, 5686-92 ; 

close-fitting, 184. 
Capital, 5951, 5953, 5599. 
Capsa, leaden, 182. 
Carbuncle?, 4214-5, 175. 
Caricature, Tc. 3123, 3173. 
Carnelian, 7, 33, 35, 184, 186. 
Cart, 24. Tc. 3341-5; -wheel, 3986. 

5840-2, 177 (^w. 158). 
Carthage, 22. 
Cartouche, Thothmes III, 20, 4542-3, 

4550. 
Castillon de St. Victor, Vicomte E. de, 

Kurion, 7, 12. 
Cat, repr. of, rf. 1702 1707-10, 1721-33, 

1781, 1783-5 ; Eg. porcelain, 4753. 
Catapult-stone, 499 a. 
Cattle, votive, 27; cf. Pull. 
Cave-burial, Leondari Vuno, 8. 
Ceccaldi, 2, 4, 6. 
Celts, 13, 181, 470. 
Centaur, repr. of, 1358 (lamp) ; 1554 

(bf.). 
Central Europe, 17, 18, 27, 53-4. 
Cesnola, A. P. di, Salamis, 11, 25, 2120 ; 

Ormidhia, 1138, 1140, 1158 ; objj. 

confiscated from . . . PrA. 604-5 ; 

GkPh. 908, 947 a, 1136, 1138, 1140, 

1158. 1342, 1377, 1393 ; Hellc. 2120, 

2132, 2142, 2419 ; Tc. 3123, 3133, 

3151-3, 3161. 3165-7, 3199, 3207, 

3251, 3331 ; J\L 3715 ; X 4270, 4971. 

'Salaminia,' v. Index of Publications, 

p. 220. 
Cesnola, L. P. di, Agia Paraskevi, 180; 

Alchiia, I ; Ainargetti, 2 ; Amathtis, 3, 

no, 119; Dades, 21; Idalion, 3; 

Kit ion, Batsalos, 6, 157; Kurion, 7; 

lildri, 180; Throni, 14. 'Cyprus,' 

p. 311, cf 4251; p. 336, cf. 3613. 
Chain-earrings, 122, 133. 4394-6. 
— ornt., BrA. 13, 43,^90, 120 ff., 209. 
Chains, 175, 180. 
Chair, repr. Tc. 3095-7-9, 3211-32, 

5954, 6311 ; cf. Throne. 
Chalcedony, 33, 1 84, 4202, 4582 ; partly 

cut, 1S4. 
Chard, Major, Kurion, 7. 
Chariot, repr. 40, 183, 185, 1776, 6231; 

-door, 6005. Biga, lamp, 1414 ; bf. 

1597. Quadriga, bf. 1595 ; Sc. 5991, 

6000, Tc. 6001-5, 182. 
Charioteer?, M 3857, Tc. 5834; Sc. 

5991, 6000. 
Chariot-smith, 6231. 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



193 



Charitimos, 5390. 

Chequer-ornt., BrA. 36, 38, 39, 183. 197, 
202, 304, 344-5 ; GkPh. 920 a,*947 a, 
1028 a, 1170, 1266. 

Chevron, ornt., BrA. 38, 307-10, 312, 
329, 334-5, 343, 346 ff. ; edge of 
drapery, Tc. 3021, 3137 a ; gold, 
8354 ; Sc. 6301-6 ; cf. Triangle. 

Chisel, V. Knife; in sculpture, 28, 30. 

— BrA., 604. 

Chiton, repr, of, bf. 1543. 1603; of 
crinkled (ribbed) material, 5014, 5020, 
5022-3; foldless, 5001,5003.5217- 
23, 5282, 5301, 5717-8, 6014,6040, 
6049; tight-fitting, 5572; sleeveless, 
Hellc. 5992, 6311; with diplois, 
5266, 5991; short, 5112, 5201-2, 
5822, 5901-2 a, 5954; two worn 
together, 5823 ; with armholes at 
elbow, 5004, 5023, 5282, 5571, 5602 
-3, 6311, 6313. 

Chlamys, 5063. 

Chresimos (amph. stamp), 2214, 2214 a. 

Christian bronze cross, Foni, 5 ; cf. 
Byzantine. 

— church ?, 141. 
Christian, C., Foli, 9. 
Christian, P., Salamis, 183-4. 
Chronological data, 25 (Tomb-groups) ; 

theories, 26. 
Chthonic deities, offerings to, 31. 
Ciempozuelos, 38. 
Cilicia, 19, 20. 
Cippi, 27, 6205, 6207. 
Circle, concentric, q.v. ; incised, BrA. 60. 
Cistern, 8. 

Clamp, JE 3834 ; cf. Cramp. 
Clapping hands, votary, 5705. 
Claw-mount, 4009, 4092, 4190. 
Clays: of Cyprus, 28, 30, 59; GkPh. 

963-4, Tc. 3063 ff., 3193, 3195. 

Limiiiti, 165. 
Cloisonne enamel, 35, 4193, 4365. 
Clustered brushes, in vase painting, 39. 
Cobham, C. D., Akhna, i, 107-9 ; 

Larnaka, 6 ; cf. 2800, 3015. 
Cock, votive, 32, 3259, 5341. 
Coffin bindings, /E 3631 ff., 174 {Poll, 

117 I ), 178 (KiTiON, 31-7). 
Coins, Al 175, 176, 178. 
Collar : of horse, 6009-11 ; = socket, 

6056-7. 
Collilz, Dr., 5. 

Colonna Ceccaldi, v. Ceccaldi. 
Colossal terracottas, 29, 5994, 6016. 
Coloured Slip Wares, 60, 174 (/V//, 106, 

IL). 
Column, 33, 35, 5906. 

— -drums, Salamis, 12. 

— Doric (late), 5048, 5050-1. 
Commissioner: of Larnaka, 6, 103, 153, 

172 ; Limassol, 8, 175 ; Nicosia, 123 «., 

140; Paphos, 6212. 
Compasses, JE 3697-8, 
Composite capital, repr. of, 4942. 
Concave base of wine amphora, 2009. 



Concentric circles: origin, 21; develop- 
ment, 24 ; BrA. 36, 63 ; central dot 
only, 1087 ; GkPh. 60, 901 (broad 
bands), 913, 953 a, 972-7, 980-1, 
987-8, 990, 992-3, 996, 1005-6, 
1009-11, 1017, 1027 b, 1028, 1049, 
1053, 1055, 1057, 1059-60, 1062, 
1070, 1072, 1093, 1097, 1113-4, 
1121, 1145-54, 1161-3, 1182-7, 1151, 
1227, 1 76, Am. 154), i7S(KrriON,34), 
182 ^KURION), 185 (Myk.); drilled, 
23; on gold work, 34, 4377, 4394; 
on mirror, JE 3795 ; on bead, 4567. 

— semicircles, BrA. 438 ; GkPh. 953 a. 
Cones, votive, 2. 

Confiscations, 74, 1132, 103, 2768-9, 

6306, 5991-7. 
Conical seals, 21, 32, 33 (late), 134, 

4526-8; beads '^double-conical, q.v.), 

23- 

— perforation of spindlewhorls, 55. 

Conservatism in Cypriote art, 26. 

Convict-labour, 6. 

Conze, Dr. A., 7. 

Cooke, Rev. G. A., 6, 172. 

Cooking pot, 180-7, 179. 

Copper Age, v. Bronze Age, 14, 15 n. ; 
jewellery, 33 ; mines, {Katydata- Linii) 
4, {Lithrodonta) 9, {Sinai) 17 ; trade, 
{Jllarion) 9, 30, (in BrA.) 17 ; copper- 
working and glass-working, 23, 100. 

Coral ring, 4911 ; charm, 4783-5. 

Corinthian pottery, (Myk.) 40, (orienta- 
lizing) 25 ; cf. Prolo-Corinthian. 

Corn-bruiser, 493 ff. ; -rubber, 15, 52, 
471 ff. ; V. Saddle-quern. 

— ears, 4610. 

Cornice, 5164, 5960, 6204, 6300, 159; 
painted, 5991. 

Cornucopiae, 4610. 

' Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum,' 5. 

Couch, repr., Tc. 3139-44, 3233-5, 
3245-6. 

Counters, glass, 4945. 

Court of Burnt Offering, in Cypr. sanctu- 
aries, 141. 

Covers of bowls, Br. A., 180 ( = lid), 230- 
1, 235-6 ; GkPh. 926 a, 927 a, 957- 
62 ; M 3555. 

Cow, V. Bull ; porcelain, 4754-5, 4766. 

— and calf, repr. of, 4582. 
Cramp-hole, 5952 ; cf. Clamp. 
Crescent, BrA. ornt. 93 ; on cylinder, 

450 ; on stele, 6301-6. 
shaped earrings, 34, 4066-74 ; beads, 

4451. 
Crete, BrA. 19, 30, 40; sub-Myk. 21, 23, 

24; marble figures, 27 ; bronze-, 51. 
Crocodile, repr., 4562. 
Cross, JE. 5, 4435, 4891, 4897 ; on lamp, 

1416. 

— ornament, GkPh. 901 a (Maltese), 
902 a, 903, 952 a, 979, 1056, 1097- 
8, 1115, 1169 ; Hellc. 2053. 

— and Points, -^ 950, 4529. 

— -hatching, of triangles, &c., 38, 257-8, 



O 



194 



INDEX I. 



260 ; of drapery, 5902 ; cf. Lattice : 
Triangles. 

Crouching figure, gem, 4585 ; porce- 
lain, 4762 ; stone, 5866 ; cr. boy, v. 
Temple-boy. 

Crown, mural, 5575 ; vase-shaped, 5577. 

Cubical pendant of earring, 34, 123, 
8007 ; porcelain, 4779-81. 

— seals, 32, 135. 
Cuirass, JE 182. 
Cnlt-statue, repr. of, 3091. 
Culture and race, 13. 
Cuneiform, v. Inscriptions. 

Cup, miniature, 44 ; rf. 1683, 1825 ; 
carried by votaries, 5527. 

and-saucer vessels, 963-4. 

' Curium Treasure,' 7. 

Cyathus, JE 3601-7, 179. 

Cyclades, 27; marble figures, 51; cf. 
Aegean : Mykenaean. 

Cylinder, Asiatic, 19, 32; Babylonian, 
I, 19, 20, 32, 57, 4501; Cypriote, 32, 
134-5, 4502-6 ; Mykenaean, 11, 1S3- 
6; Phoenician, 19, 32, 180; mounts, 
16. 33. 57' 4501-2; stone-paste, 15, 
32 ; superseded by conical seals, 21. 

Cylindrical seal, 4524. 

Cymbals, miniature, 179. 

Cypress?, repr. rf 1656. 

Cypriote Inscriptions, v. Inscriptions. 

— engraving, 4561-8. 

— style of sculpture, 27-31, 184. 
Cyprus Expl. Fund, Ag. Paraskevi, 1 ; 

Amargetii, 2 ; Kalopsida, 4 ; Kition 
(Batsalos, Kamelarga, Turabi Teke ', 6, 
178-9; Laksha tu Riu, 7; Leondari 
Vuno, 8 ; Limniti, 8 ; Poli, 9 ; Paphos, 
10 ; Salamis, 11-12. 

•Cyprus Museum,' 5, 143, 152. 

Cyrenaica, 37. 



D-ring, JE 3833. 

Dades, site, 21 ; proper name (amph. 

inscr.), 2248 [2253]. 
Dagger-blades, ij, 53, 57, 181, 183, 

505 ff. 
' Daily Graphic,' 4 ; 28/12/94, 6307. 
Daitnonosiasion, S ALAMOS, 11. 
Damage by neglect, vi. 2, 121, 140, 168, 

1/5- 
Damiainetos (amph. inscr.), 2238. 

Damokrates (amph. inscr.), 2211 [2218, 
95 n.l, 2239. 

Damothemis (amph. inscr.), 2237- 

Dance, repr. bf 1542, 1596, 1626-7; 
-ritual, 31 ; cf Ring-dance. 

Danubian culture-province, 18. 

Daphnae (Defenneh), 123. 

Deer, repr. Br A. 24, 27, 185, 96-100, 
196 a, of. 261; bf. 1557, 1596; 
^3862 = 5163; seal, 181, 4504-5, 
4564 ; fawn, rf 1668; attr. of Apollo, 
141, 5051-2; of Artemis, 5991. 

Defenneh (Daphnae), 123. 

De Luynes Coll., p. 219; v. Bibl. Nat. 



Demeter, at KURION, 7, 181; repr. of, 
4610, 5991. 

Dentalium shell, 4497-9. 

Details added to stone figures, 154, 6000, 
6009-11 ; to Tc, v. Terracottas. 

Diadem, v. Frontlet. 

Dice, 4995. 

Dies for stamping pottery, 25 ; for terra- 
cottas, 29. 

Dikomo, 14. 

Dionysios (amph. inscr.), 2254. 

Dionysos, repr. of, bf. 1568, 1594-5, 
1631?, 1656?; in relief, 1776. 

Diorite, 55. 

Dipping rod, 3757 ff. ; cf. Toilet arti- 
cles. 

Dipylon style: imported into Cyprus, 23, 
25, 61; vases, 23; form, 1182 ff ; 
ornt. 24, 1136 ; sword, repr. 3303, 
4851; Tc. 3317, 5343-4, 5562-3, 
6012. 

Disc, symbolic, 6301-6, 5951. 

Discs of clay, 480 ; Myk. 185. 

Dish-cover, 962, 177 {Am. 20). 

Distaft'-head ?, 599. 

Diver ?, rf 1662 ; v. Eros. 

Dog, repr. of: lamp, 1341; ProtoCor. 
1501 ; rf 1730-2, 1734-5, 1738, 
1781, 1784; Tc. 3281-7; H 4250, 
4437; Sc. 5576. 

Dolphin, repr. of: Aretine, 2114; Tc. 
3351; a ornt. 4028, cf. 4438 ; winged, 
182. 

Dome-shaped seals, 23; tombs, 58. 

Domestic pottery, GkPh. 59, 61 ; Hellc. 
92. 

Doric column (debased^ 5048, 5050-1. 

Dot ornament, 39; BrA. 731-2; GkPh. 
1056 ; Hellc. 2119, 4309-15 ; v. Paint. 

' Double,' V. Ka. 

Double-conical beads, 23 ; spindlewhorls, 

56. 
Double-flute, 31, 141, 3177, 5001-2, 

5302-3, 5402-12. 
Dove, repr. of: BrA. 27; Tc. 3251 6 ; 

Byz. N 4897 ; votive, 2, 30, 5019-21, 

5340, 5530-1, 5565, 5829-31,5919- 

20, 6071; with 'Temple-boy,' 141, 

5114-20, 6121. 
Drain tile ?, 5342. 
Draught-players, bf. 1603. 
Drawers, 6050. 

Dressing the hair, repr. of, gem, 4585. 
Drilled concentric circles, 23 ; holes in 

diorite, &c., 55. 
Drimu, 143. 
Duck, attr. of 'Temple-boy,' 141, 

5123-4. 
Duck-shaped vases, 24 ; GkPh. 1196-7 ; 

rf 1795. 
Diimmler, Dr. F., Ag. Paraskevi, i ; 

Aid/libra, 2; IDALION, 3 ; KuRlON, 7; 

Laksha, 7 ; Lapathos, 8 ; Poli, 10 ; 

Psemmatismeno, ii; ' Mitth. Ath.' 

xi (18S6), quoted, 14, 20, 39,42 ; cf 26, 

44, 92, 177, 180, 182, 200, 215, 219, 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



195 



225, 261, 386, 505, 546, 551, 634, 

3145, 4824. 
Dumont, A., 95. 
Dwarf, repr. of, rf. 1739 ; 'Bes,' 4721-24. 



Eagle, 1339 (lamp) ; 5048-9 (attr. of 
Apollo). 

Early Man in Cyprus, 13. 

Earrings, animal's head, 35 ; boat-shaped, 
34, 121, 186; BrA. 15, 18, 27, 51, 175, 
4000-4; repr. BrA. Tc. 464; Myk. 
180, 183-6; Byz. 4892-3; chain, 122; 
crescent-shaped, 34 ; development of, 
121-2 ; electron, 34; filagree, 34, 182 ; 
glass, 123; looped ends of, 34; ornt. 
184, 186; spiral, 35, 122; 'twisted,' 
Myk. 184-5; woolsack, 123; repr. on 
BrA. vase, 92 ; on statues, 5642, 6211. 

^mvXaioi, 5147. 

Egg-and-dart ornt., rf. 1660, 1664, 
1687 ; Aretine, 2113 ; stone, 5164. 

Eggs deposited in GkPh. tomb, 1 76, 
Am. 91. 

Egypt, primitive, 16-7 ; VI Dyn. 16 ; 
XII Dyn. 15; XVIII Dyn. 80; XIX 
Dyn. 37, loi ; XXVI Dyn. 29; Ptole- 
maic, 25. 

alabaster, 99 ; bronze weapons, 15; 
burial customs, 31 ; copper weapons, 
17; crown of Upper E. 4546; De- 
fenneh, 123; glass, 37, loo-i, 123; 
imports from Cyprus, 19, 29 ; mirror, 
3750 ; moulded terracottas, 23 ; My- 
kenaean imports into, 40; pins, 53; 
porcelain, 100, 4701-84, 181 ; pottery, 
17; ring, N 186; scarabs, 8, 15, 23, 32, 
183, 4530, 4541-50, 4582; style of 
modelling, 29; Tc. 3003 ff., 3093, 
5258-60,5267,5276-80, 5282, 5299, 
5302,5315-22, 5337, 5448-77,5501- 
2,5508,5560-1; stone, 5001, 5003, 
5148, 5220-2, 5601-39, 5857, 6074. 

€1, graffito, 1712. 

Electron, BrA. 15, 33, 34, 183-5; GkBh. 
4107, 4146, 8186, 4184. 

Ellovoikos, inscr. 181. 

Elsey Smith, Paphos, 10. 

Emblematic votive offerings, 31. 

Enamel, 35, 4193, 4365; green, 181; 
cf. Porcelain. 

Engobe, 39. 

Enkomi, v. Salamis. 

'Ett' ar^aeS), 35, 4159 60. 

Epeirotes, inscr., 5962. 

Episkop), V. KuRioN. 

Equipment of tombs, meaning of, 31. 

Eros, 31, 1353, 1355; rf. 1655, 1662; 
Tc. 3163 9 ; K 4029, 4033, 4100 ; 
gems, 4602, 4612; Sc. 6212 ; sleeping, 
6213. 

— and Psyche, 1311-3 ; Tc. 3171-3. 

Esarhaddon, 28. 

Escort, funerary, 32. 

Escutcheon, ornt. 1652 a. 

Eshmun, inscr., 6231. 

O 



"Ecrirepoj, 7. 

Euboea, red paint in, 23. 

Evagoras, 30. 

Evans, A. J., 22. 

Expression, 5992, 6024, 6212. 

Extra figure, for symmetry, bf. 1551. 

Eye ornt., GkPh. on side of vase, 1027 ; 
on lip, 1059 c ; bf 1587 a, 1592, 177 
{Am. 97); Tc. 3107, 3351 (boat); por- 
celain, 4701-12. 

Eyelet pins, 54, 183-6, 591 ff. 

Fallen -warrior pose, 6201. 

Fa/nagusta (District), 3, 4, 11, 12. 

Fan ornt. 6307. 

Fantastic vases, Libyan, 17: BrA. 207 ff., 
261, 364-5, 381 ff.; GkPh. 1195-7; 
bf. 1638 9. 

Fawn, v. Deer. 

Fayum, 37, 38. 

' Feathered ' eyebrows, 5398, 5718, 
5802-7, 6084. 

Feet of vases, BrA. 95, 180-5, 225, 
363 ff., 416. 

Female, v. Human figure. 

Fibulae, 4821-42, 15, 18, 21, 66, 138, 
175 {Limassol), 176 {Am. 1, 9), 183 
(Kurion) ; period of, 34, 1 30-2; re- 
placed by buttons, 24; vases found 
with, 965-6. 

Figurines, v. Terracottas. 

Filagree gold work, 34, 35, 182, 4093, 
4194, 4376, 4392. 

Finger (of statue), M 3863. 

Fire-rake, 3930. 

Fish, repr. of, 387, 4438, 5877, 174. 

Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge : Amar- 
gitti, 162. Leonddri Vuno, 8 ; cf. 
520, 591, 599, 611. Limniti, 8, 165, 
5253. Italy, 37. Salamis (Toumba), 
12, 161 ; cf 5801-7, 5828. SoLOl, 4, 
Tamassos, 53, 504. IkA. 252, 504, 
520, 591, 599, 611 ; GkPh. 967, 972-3, 
989, 1008, 1074, 1093, 1166, 1253, 
1313 ; bf 1556, 1772 ; Hellc. 2147 ; 
yE 3613-20, 3936 ; K 4001, 4438, 
4852 ; cf. Index of Museums, p. 217. 

Flamboyant profile of pin-head, 4861 ; 
pendants, 4891 ; bone object, 4951. 

Flasks, 24, 66 ; BrA. 207-13, 367 ff. ; 
GkPh. 068 ff., 177 [Am. 232), 184. 

Flat-backed terracottas, 78. 

Flat-faced statuettes, 5859, 5901^3, 
5909-10. 

Fk-sh-hook, 600. 

Fleur-de-lys ornt. 6S-9, 1014 ff. 

Flint, absent from Cyprus, 13. 

Flower ornt., Myk. 40 ; K 4098-9 ; 
GkPh. 1059 a; votive, 3, 31, 5538-9, 
cf 5954, 6313 ; wreath, 5108 ; -bearer, 
5604, 5641, 5650-1, 5659, 5662, 
5780. 

Flute-player, 5, 31, 3848 9, 5001-2. 

Fluting ornt., v. Reeding. 

Fly pendant, 35. 

Foliage ornt., Gl. 7, 2884 ; R 8146. 



196 



INDEX I. 



Foot : potter's mark, 2115 ; signet, 4588. 

Foreshortening;, 6107-8. 

Fork, 600, 3740. 

Formcntalel, 41. 

Forms of Pottery, BrA. 40-1 ; Gkrh. 

61-2. 
Frdti^^/ssa, v. Tamassos. 
Franks, Sir A. \\'., 15. 
French Archaeological School, 39 ; 

Government iKuRiON), 7. 
Fresco: Amathus, 165, 5957-62; Lar- 

naka, 6 ; Ktima, 6. 
Fringes, 5571, 5723-79. 
Frog, repr. 186. 
Frontlet: Mallihita, 2, 5779, 6067, 176 

{Am. 127 ; Mvk. 1S3-6; = Diadtm. 
Fruit, votive, 5159, 5744, 5791-2, 5004, 

6025, 6102-4, 6311. 
Funerary terracottas, 31. 
Funnel-shaped rim of vases, GkPh. 

977 fT. ; Tc. 153-4 {f^avwlargh). 
Furtwangler, Prof. A., ' Berl. Vasensamm- 

lung,' rf. 1603, 163a-9. 

Gabriel, repr. of, Byz. X 4897 ; = Ga- 
vrili, 3. 

Gardner, Prof. E. A., Paphos, 10; chro- 
nology, 26. 

Garnet and Garnet-paste, 35, 4052, 
4086, 4605 ; cf. Carbuncle. 

Gastrih, 3, 21. 

(Javrili, v. Gabriel. 

' Gazette des Beaux Arts,' 10. 

Gem-engraving, 32, 182, 4581-4615. 

Genre-group, 51, no; Tc. 3145; Sc. 
5576. 

Geometrical ornament, 16 (modem), 23 ; 
GkPh. 950 a, 951, 965-7, 1106, 1134, 
1136-9,1141-2,1153,1197; A' 4309- 
15,4507-8; Tc. 5531; repr. of human 
figure, 185. 

German Government, Idalidn, 4; cf. 
Berlin Museum. 

Gesture, 3043, 4857, 6014, 6025, 6073 ; 
of mourning, 463. 

Gigantomachia, 5 ; A'. 3870. 

Gillikas, 31, 143, 5009, 6221. 

Gladiators, repr. of, 1360-2, 175, 178. 

Gladstone, Dr. J. H., 15. 

Glass, at Enkomi, 175 ; Katydata-Linh^ 
5; KuRioN, 7; Tamassos, -works, 12, 
100, 2999; origin of, 16, 23, 100; 
varieties, 100-6, 2501-2999, 4916-7, 
4921-6 ; iridescent, 100, 2703 &c., 
181 ; variegated, 23, 26, 101-2, 184, 
186; analysis, loi reff. ; earrings 
(Egypt), 15, 34, 123; TG. 174 {Poll), 
176-8 (Amathus), 178-9 (Kition); 
set in earring, 8049, 4090-1, 4098 
(v. Paste) ; spindlewhorls, 56, 793, 
799, 809-10; prototypes of pottery, 
61; BrA. 181 (Kurion); blue, 175 
{Enkomi), 176-7 (Amathus, 154, 
232), 179 (Kition, 22); green, 182; 
Hellc. clear, 177 {Avi., TG. 20, 59, 97, 



100, 147, 232; 64, 07; 178 (ISO, 
142, 213); 179 (KrnoN), 174 {Poli, 
218, II\ 182 (Kurion). 

Glaze, Ikilc. black, 1083-4, 1541- 
1865, cf. 1881 ; over-fired red, 1628- 
9, 1653. 

Globular expansion of vase-neck, GkPh. 
1073. 

Goat, repr. of, 2165,3167 (attr. of Eros\ 
3328; A" 4015, 4017, 4024, 4584, 
4592. 

Gold, BrA. 15, 33, 4501-2; GkPh. 21, 
180 ff. ; ruddy tint of, 34; dating 
of, 34; Hellc. 26; solid, 4108, 
4250, 4377, 4891-3, 4897; wire, 
4436 ; leaf, 4562 ; on silver, 4401-4, 
4801; on bronze, 122, 180, 3871, 
4109-16, 4251-3 ; on clay, 4441-3 ; 
cylinder-mounts, 4501-2 ; fibula, 34, 
4824 ; needle, 34 ; v. Jewellery Cata- 
logue, p. 121 ff . ; engraved plate, 7, 
24, 34; ornaments of dress, 182; en- 
graved ring, 182. 

Gold Coast, corn rubbers of, 15. 

Goodyear, Prof. W. H., 22, 23. 

Goose, repr., rf. 1713-6, 1723-9, 1738, 
1782. 

Gore-ornament, 36. 37 ; BrA. 74, 209, 
255-8, 266-7," 336-41, 368-80,415 ; 
GkPh. 937, 1033 cf. p. 47), 1112. 

Gorgoneion, 1351, 1771; X 131, 133, 
4410, 5991. 

Topniaioi Oiaffos, 5147. 

Gourd prototvpes of pottei7, 16; -drum, 
5301. 

Government Inspectors, 7, 175; share of 
antiquities, Fo/t, 9 ; excavations, Bam- 
biila, 5599; Liinassol, 175; confisca- 
tions, Kcphino, 103 ; Vitsdda, bQQY-'l ; 
Idai.ion, 6306. 

'Graberfeld von Marion' (Herrmann), 9, 
131 (fig. 19=4343). 

Graeco-Phoenician Age in Cyprus, 21 ff. ; 
style of burial, 31; of gem-engraving, 
32-3, 135; of jewellery, 34, 121 ff. ; of 
pottery, 23 ff., 59 ff., 901 ff. ; chro- 
nology, 25-6 ; Hellenic influence, 25 ; 
stvle of sculpture, 27 ff., 5003, 5017, 
5217-9, 5398, 5801-26, 5981-2, 
6016, 6020, 6027 ff. 

Graeco-Roman, v. Hellenistic ; Roman. 

Graffiti, 90, 173-4 KPoU, 239, H.) ; cf. 
Inscriptions. 

' Grammar of the Lotus,' v. Goodyear. 

Granite- columns, Salamis, ii. 

Grapes, votive, Amarg^lli, 2, 5904 ; as 
attribute?, 5125. 

' Graphic,' Akhiia, i. 

Grasshopper, repr. 4153. 

Greaves, repr., bf. 1603. 

Greek, v. Hellenic. 

Green paint, v. l^aint. 

Greenstone, 52, 470, 4439. 

Greville Chester, Rev. J., 38. 

Griffin, repr. of, 180; rf. 1703-4; X 
4131. 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



197 



Grinders, 57, 99, 493 ; cf. Corn-bruiser 

Pestle. 
Grinding corn, repr. of, £;i, no, 3145. 

— tablet?, 5899. 

Groom, repr. of, Tc. 3301-3. 
Groups of bands i,Myk. ornt."), 21, 40. 
Guide-rings of bracelets, 4270. 
Guillemard, Dr. F. H., Lhnniti, 8 ; oil 

presses, 14. 
Guilloche, rf. 1671 ; H 4100, 4581 ; cf. 

Rope ornament. 
Gurob, 37, loi. 
G3'psum, 14, 27; cf. Alabaster. 

Hades, 5963. 

Haematite, 11, 23, 32, 4501. 

Haimulie (inscr.), 5963. 

Hair, repr. of, 5756-61, cf. Headdress ; 

rouglily indicated, 5259-65, 5992, 

6024, 6084, 6168. 
Hake, Mr. G. G., Gastria, 3 ; KuRiON, 6; 

Sai.amis, II ; Tc. 3201. 
Hald Sultan Ti^kd, 188. 
Halikarnassos, 28. 
Hammer-stones, 491-2. 
Handle : double, 917, 1183-4 ; triple, 

1182 ; over mouth of vase, 1029 ff. ; 

rudimentary, 1191 ; turned out at ends, 

920 a ; modelled as horns, 1184 ; 

ornt. 909; continued on to body 

of vase, 909, 944 a ; roll of clay on, 

1041-2 ; of lamps, 80. 
Handle-ridge, 37, 58, 67 ; BrA. 251-67; 

GkPh. ('hr.jug'), 987 ff. 
Hand-made vases, BrA. 15, 36-9, 1-299, 

301 ff. ; GkPh. 1033, cf. p. 47. 
Harbour works, Amathus, 2. 
Hare, repr. of, bf. 1558; rf. 1711-2, 

1724-7; porcelain, 4756. 
Harp, 31 ; player, Tc. 3113-21, 5516. 
Harpokrates, 31, 3161, 4793. 
Hasp of lock, ^ 3667. 
Hassan Effendi, Larnaka, 17S-9. 
Hatched triangles, v. Triangles ; other 

hatched ornts., BrA. 200-2, 334-5. 
Hawk, repr. of, 4436, 4545, 4725. 
Hawk-headed deity, 4726-32. 
Headdress, 5546, 5548, 5637-9, 5652- 

7, 5663-8 ; Egyptian, 5557, 5561 ; cf. 
Wig, Hair. 

Heart-shaped ornament, 4054, 4432-4. 
' Hebraische Archaologie,' 40. 
Hegesianus, 'Hyrjffiave xpl'^'''^ X'^'P^i 

6207. 
Heirlooms, 25, 32. 
Helbig, Dr. W., 135. 
Helios symbol, 2261-2. 
Hellanikos (amph. inscr.), 2212-[13]. 
Hellenic importations, 22, 25, 30, 81 ff. 

— influence, 25 ; on sculpture, 29, 5027- 

8, 5054-5139, 5141, 6019, 6023, 
6087-91, 6129-55, 6201, 6211-2 ; 
on pottery, 60-1, 80, 020, 920 a, 
953 a, 1079 ff., 1168, 1290 ff., asp. 
ornts. of 920-a ; on gems, 33. 



Hellenistic, cf. Ptolemaic, Roman. Sites, 
Ag. Iannis tis Malluntas, 2 ; Idalion, 
26 ; Kat^data-Linu, 4 ; Kerynia, 5 ; 
Kition, 26 ; Ktima, 6 ; Kurion, 6-7 ; 
Lapathos, 7 ; Limniti, 8 ; Paphos, 10; 
Salamis, 11, 175; Tamassos, 12; 
Tremithus, 12 ; Vatili, 12. 

Gems, 33, 4601-15 ; glass, loi ; 
A' 35, 4034-99, 4391-6; lamps, 80; 
pottery, 91 ff. ; Tc. 3r, 3059, 3133-5, 
3151, 3161-3207 ; sculpture, 5, 31 ; 
spindlewhorls, 56 ; tomb groups, i 75, 
177, 179 ; portraits, Sc. 5871-2. 

Hellespont, 18. 

Helmet, Oriental, Tc. 3147, 5535, 5537, 
5541-2, 6000-3, 6027-33 ; Graeco- 
Roman, 4604 ; Hellenic, bf. 1587 a, 
1589-90 ; Sc. 5664-8, 5675-7. 5851- 
6, 5860-1, 5903-5, 5911, 5955-6, 
5991-7, 6311-3-5. 

Hemispherical bowls, 18-9, 39, 57-8. 

Herakles, 31, 142; rJni, 5136-9; 
Tamassos, 6116-8; and Centaur, 
1358 ; and kids, 1393 ; infant, Tc. 
3151; running, 180; attributes given 
to Apollo?, 5136 ; to Hermes, 3201. 

Hermes, repr. 3200, 4609, 4792, 5991 ; 
Kourotrophos, 3199 ; with attr. of 
Herakles, 3201. 

Hermia- (amph. stamp), 2278. 

Hermophantos (amph. stamp), 2254. 

Herodotos (V. 113), 40. 

Herring-bone ornament, 1170, 1205. 

Herrmann, Dr. P., 9. 

Hesychos, "Havxe XPI'^'^^ X*'/'*. 6205. 

Heuzey, 27, 29, 30, 31, 51 ; v. Index of 
Museums, p. 218, s.v. Louvre. 

Hieroglyphics, v. Inscriptions. 

Hieron (amph. stamp), 2240. 

High Commissioner, 4. 

Himation, repr. 5002, 5008, 5014, 
5019 ff., 5048, 5053 ff., 5285, 5641, 
5650 1, 5992, 6000, 6040, 6056, 
6156 ff. 

Hinges, M 3661 ff., 179. 

Hippokrates (amph. stamp), 2220. 

Hippopotamus-headed deily, 4736-7, 1 86. 

Hissarlik, 15, 17, 18, 27, 3^, 38-9> 40. 

52, 54- 

Hittite, 19, 32; seal, 181. 

Hof Museum (Vienna), 6. 

Hogarth, D. G., Amargetd, 2 ; Paphos, 
10 ; oil-presses, 14. 

Homeric Age, 22. 

Hommel, Dr. F., 20. 

Hoops of gold, Myk. 183. 

Horn-ornament, BrA. 61, 225-6. 

Horned handles of vases, I^rA. 30, 32-4, 
37, 52, 73, 90, 92, 96 ff., 111-9, 179, 
203-6, 266 7, 301-5, 306 ff. 

Horse, repr. of, Myk. 40, 184; bf. 1541, 
1550-2, 1554, 1558-61, 1595-7, 
1623-3 a ; rf. 1660 ; M 4881 ; Tc. 
3307-17, 5343-5, 5562-3, 5591, 
5828, 6000-12, 6013, 182-3; hoof as 
ornt., 364 ; tooth as burnisher, 16, 36. 



198 



INDEX I. 



Horseman, rcpr. 1364 ; bf. 1541, 1550-2, 
1554, 1559-61. 1623 3a; Tc. 3293- 
3305 ; Sc. 5564, 5827, 6012-3 ; TG. 
176 (^iw. 100, 158), 178 ,KrnoN,55); 
Tc. Myk. {/uii-omi) 1.S3. 

Hound, V. Dog. 

Human figure 'statues excluded), BrA. 
27. iSi, i<S6; on Mvk. vases, 40, 183 6. 
Male figure, Gkrh.1195 ; bf. 1588 9 
man and lion), 1553, 1569, 1625 ; 
rf.l651, 1652 a, 1653,1656; A' 4033, 
4411, 4422 4; gem, 4503-4, 4502, 
4565 6, 4581; head only, 4132 4, 
4611; face only, 179 ; votive, 2. 

Female figure, BrA. Tc. 462-4 ; Myk. 
iSo-i, 1S5'; bf. 1543, 1567, 1592-5, 
1638-9 ; rf 1645, 1652, 1655, 1657- 
8, 1660-1, 1663-4, 1667, 1701-2 ; 
glass, painted. 2861-7 ; Tc. 3001-15, 
3027-87, 3091-31? 2, 3143,- cf 1251 
ff., 1S2; /E 3864, 180; A 4385; gem, 
4585; pore. 4791 ; statue, 5854, 6311- 
13-15; TG. 177 (^w. 158); ivory, 1 82. 
Children, 182, 5554, 5954, 6201, 
6311-13 ; cf. Nursing mother. 

Human-headed bull, 5208 a. 

Human remains, 178 ; cf Skull. 

Hungarian BrA. 15, 17, 18, 36-7, 54. 

Hvnkinthios ^amph. stamp), 2238, 2240, 
2246, 2285. 

Hvdria, GkPh. 1133; if 1646-50; 
'Hellc. 2051. 



IDALION, 3, 26, 30, 32, 141, 157-60; 
from excavations of 1S85, 5601 ft".; 
from excavations of 1894, Acropolis, 
466 ; miscell. 494-5, 497 9. 

— Princ. Sanctuary, 479-80 a, 496, 
6301-15 ; V. Index HI, p. 212. 

Idealized worshipper, 141. 

' Illahun,' 19 ; xiii. 31, cf. 271 fT. ; xxvii. 
14, cf. 252 ; xxvii. 18, cf. 300. 

Imitations of alabastra, 2147-9 ; glass, 
2150-58 ; GkPh. pottery, 1239. 2122- 
45 ; Hellc. 89, 92, 1025, 1083-4, 
1756, 1881-98. 

Imported vases, 81 ff. 

Impressed ornament, 5349. 

Incense, traces of, 185 ; altar, 5165 6, 
5579 ; box, v. Pyxis ; stand, repr. 4581, 
179 (KiTlON, 22 i. 

Incised ornament, BrA. 36, 1S3, 7-11 
(elaborate), 19, 54-6. 59 72, 74-80, 
82, 85-9, 92, 95, 111-4, 125-7, 151- 
60, 171 elaborate). 179 a, 193, 197, 
199, 200-5, 211, 213, 224, 230-1, 
233, 236, 260, 674 ff ; GkPh. 21 ; on 
figurines, 27, 5398, 5723 79, 5845, 
6014, 6019 ; stone, 5908-10. 

Incongruous offerings, 141, 153, 5140-1, 
5347, 5485. 

Incurved rim, 937. 

Ink-pot ?, 3541-4. 

Inscriptions, Cuneiform, 15, 29, 32,4501 ; 
bilingual, GkCypr. KURION, 7, 181 ; 



Cypriote, 5009, 5390-1, 6221-28 ; 
Hellc. 5142-7, 5962-3 ; hieroglyphic 
(iLgyptian ', ring, 34 ; mirror, 3750 ; 
scarabs, 4530, 4541-3, 4545, 4547- 
50, 4761, 5577; Phoenician, from 
Idalion, 4; KiTlON, 5, 6, 6231-2, 
6300, 159; painted, 6225; on pore, 
vessel, 186. 

Intersecting semicircles, 733. 

Ionic capital, 5, 5599. 

Iridescence of glass, 100. 

Iris and pujiil indicated, Tc. 6019. 

Iron, BrA.?, 10; GkPh. 21-2; in Hellas, 
23; ore, 186; in Cyprus, 22; iron 
objects, 24, 80, 175 {Ainiasso/), 176 
{A»i. 11, 91, 100), 179 (Kition), 182 
(KuRioN); 3901-42; locks, 3675-7 ; 
finger-rings, 4178-9 ; fibula, 4835. 

Isis, repr. 4725,4741-2. 

Island-gems, 23, 32, 134 ; none in CM. 

Isokrates, 30. 

Italy, BrA. 53 ; red paint, 23 ; ' Base- 
ring Ware,' 37; Hellc. vase from, 180-1. 

Ivory, BrA. 15, 183-4, 186; GkPh. 23, 
176 (^w. 127), 182 (KuRiON) ; Hellc. 
4563, 4950; imitated in paste, 134-5, 
4507. 

Ivy, repr., bf. 1582, 1589-91, 1599, 
1776; Hellc. 2052, 2166, 5981-2. 



Jade, KuKiON, 22. 
' Jahrbuch,' 30, 69. 
James, Dr. M. K., Leoitdari Vurtb, 8 ; 

Paphos, 10. 
Jasper, 32, 4589. 
Jesuit College, Beirut, 19. 
Jewellery, BrA. 3;,; Myk. iSi, 183-6; 

GkPh. 7, 121' ff., 4001 ff., 173 ff.; 

Hellc. 173-8 ; Byz. Kcrynia, 5, 33, 148, 

4435, 140, 4891-7 : repr. on statues, 

34, 35, 3003, 3011, 3031, 3093, 3103, 

3111 12. 
'Journal of C\pr. .Studies,' 8, 13, 51, 56, 

708, no, 3145. 
' Journal of Hellenic Studies,' v. Index of 

Publications, pp. 220-1. 
'Journ. Roy. Inst. Brit. Architects,' N.S. 

iii. p. 109, 6301-6. 
Juggler, repr. on lamji, 1396. 



Ka- figures, 31. 

Kabyle pottery, 22. 

Kahun, 19; B-R.Ware, 37 ; B-P.Ware, 
38. 

Kalavash, 14, 187. 

Kalb-khorib, 7. 

Kalopslda, 4, 14, 36; skulls, 13; pointed 
vessels, 16; B-P. Ware, 38; saddle- 
quern, 52; Tomb Groups (1894), p. 57; 
V. Index III, p. 212. 

Kalymnos, 21, 138. 

Kanidrais (Crete), 19. 

Katnelargh, 6, 153-7, 4712, 4766, 
5501 ff. 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



199 



Kamiros, GkPh. 77; GL loi ; Tc. 107. 
Kantharos, 1776, 1824, 177 {Am. 217 j. 
Karia, 17; figurines, 28; fibula, 138. 
Karneios (amph. inscr.), 2202, 2234, 

[2241]. 
Karpass, 13, 117, 3699. 
Karys, inscr., 5041, 5142-3. 
Katydata-Linh, 4, 14, 21, 58, 171 ; BrA. 

54, 60, 146, 181, 222" 261; GkPh. 

1033-4, 1102; Hellc. 2113, 2118; 

inscr. 6205. 
Kavo Kiti (' Dades '), 21. 
Kelenderis : goat on coins, of. 4584. 
Kephalovrysi, 5. 
Kerynia, 5, 14; castle, 5, 7, 74; district, 

7, cf. 1134. 
Key, M 3679. 
Khelonais, 21. 
Khytroi, 5; cylinder, 15; Tc. BrA. 

465 ; GkPh. 5201 ff. 
Kid, votive, 31, 5528, 5822-5, 6107-8. 
'K.KJo.loi Oiarros, 5147. 
KiTlON, 5, 6, 21, 26, 28, 153-7 ; ^nd 

Idalion, 30; miso-Hellc. 30; proto- 

Cor. 25 ; Hellc. sculpture, 28 ; Tc. 

31 ; Ptolemaic, 26 ; scarabs, 23 ; cf. 

2800. 

Tomb Groups CEF. (1894), 178-9; 

56, 66 ; cf. 962 ; v. Index 111, p. 212, 
Kleonymos (amph. stamp), 2262. 
Kluge, Dr., 22. 
Kneading dough, 5866. 
Knidian wine amphorae, 2254-5. 
Knives, iron, 3901-6, i-j^; JE 181, 183, 

184. 
Knob on BrA. vases, 181 ; on GkPh. vase 

handles, 1101, 1103, 1145, 1162 ; on 

bracelets, 4258 ; on fibulae, 4838-42. 
Knot ornt., M 4385 ; paste, 4941. 
Knucklebone, 4950; Gl. 4949 a; bf. 

vase, 1796-7. 
Kohl-box (cf. Toilet articles), 176. 
Konstantinides, E. 13, 20, 27, 33, 135. 
Kophino, 2768-9 a. 
Kore, KURION, 7, iSi. 
Kdsci, 6. 

Kotyle, 1652 a, 1801-8, 1884. 
Krater, 24, 38, 40, 57, 58, 59, 181, 183-6 ; 

BrA. 293 ; GkPh. 1101 ff. ; Hellc. 

2076, 2140-1 ; M 4884. 
Kreon (amph. stamp), 2282-3, [2242]. 
K}-inl, 14. 

Kriophoros, Orniidhia, 10. 
Ktiina, 6. 

Kuklia, Famagusta District, 4. 
Kiiklia, Papho District, v. Paphos. 
' Kupferaeit,' v. Much. 

KuRiON, 3, 6, 20, 23, 40, 709, 1033 ; 
StA. 13, 14; BrA. 27, 51; Tc. 32 
(cylinder), 52 (jade), 19, 39 (Cretan 
pottery) ; Myk. gem, 32 ; K 33, 34 ; 
S. Kens. 47, cf. 1033, 73 ; Tc. 3 ; poly- 
chrome vases, 26, 60. Tomb Groups 
(1895), p. 182 ; V. Index III, p. 213. 

Kuirdpha, 6. 



Kylix, GkPh. 951-4; bf. 1550 ff, 
' Kleinmeister,' 1556 ff. ; rf. 1653-4; 
1809-23 ; JE 3531. 

Lachish, v. Tell-el-Hesy. 

Ladles, 15. 

Lajarde, ' Mithra,' Ixxxii. 3, cf. 4581. 

Lake-dwellings, pottery of, 36. 

La/csha, Nicosia District, 7, 14 ; BrA. 92. 

LakshU tu Kin, 2, 7, 14, 21, 23, 183; 
Tomb Groups, p. 58 : — TG. i . 360, 503, 
521, 615, 624, 626 ; 2. 602, 616, 
663 ; 3. 523, 565 ; 4. 267, 270-4, 
277, 293, 301-3, 431, 709, 710 ; 5. 
345, 651. 

Lamberti, v. Tamassos. 

Lamp, 80, 5799 a ; votive, 5540 ; GkPh. 
TG. 173 {Poll, 26 I.), 174 (106 II.), 
177 (^w. 20), 178-9 (KiTiON); Hellc. 
TG. 175 [Enlwnii, Limassol), 177-8 
{Am. 97, 130, 213), 178-9 (Kition), 
182 (Kurion) ; ^ 176 (^/«. 91). 

Lamp-fillers, rf. 1689-91. 

Lamp-stands, v. Candelabra. 

Lancehead, v. Spearhead. 

Lang, R., Idalion, 3, 4. 

Laniti Collection, 34. 

Lapathos {Ldpithos), 7, 14 ; BrA. 387, 
434-5, 445-6. 

Lapis lazuli, 186. 

Larnaka, v. KiTlON. 

Larnaka District, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 188. 

Lattice or net ornt., 24, 36-7, 60 ; l.-tri- 
angles, v. Triangles ; other 1. omts., 
BrA. 60, 301-3, 344-5, 346 ff., 356- 
7,415; Myk. 181, 185; GkPh. 901 b, 
947 a, 979, 1115 (band), 1118, 1127, 
1171-5, 1177, 1181a, 1183 (panel), 
1190, 1221, 1226-7, 1229, 1269, 
1313 ; bf. 1598-9, 1606-8, 1S2 ; rf. 
1684-5 ; Hellc. 2052 ; gem, 4444, 
4578. 

Lead, objj. of, 3961 ff.; filling, 3717-9, 
3987; TG. 179, 182, 186 (wire). 

Leaf-shaped ornts., M 4331 ff. ; daggers, 
505 ff. 

Leake Collection, Fitzw. Mus., 37. 

Leathern prototypes of pottery, 37, 39. 

Lebanon, visible from Cyprus, 20. 

Lekythi, BrA. 281-3, 286-8, 291; bf. 
1513-4, 1588 ff. ; rf. 1645, 1655-85 ; 
imit. 1891-2, 2080 ; while, 25, 1596 ff., 
1698; JE 3535. 

Lenticular seals, 32 ; beads, 183-4. 

Leonddii Vttnd, 8, 14, 15, 52 ; cf. 486-7, 
591-3. 

Leopold Street, Larnaka, 153. 

Levantine type of stone implement, 52. 

Livka, 8. 

Libation, repr., rf. 1657, 1661. 

Libya, 16-7, 38-9 ; cf. 386 (ring- vase). 

Lid, V. Cover. 

Lidir-Ledroi, 8. 

Liebcrmann Collection, 11, 34. 

Limassol (Limessos), 8, 24, 25 ; proto- 
Cor., 175, 1501 ; JE 3749 ; L. district, 6. 



200 



INDEX I. 



Limestone, in Cyprus, 14, 28, 30, 1S4; 
spindlewhorls, 658-9, 770 ; for ala- 
baster, 2441-4 ; catalogued with Tc. 
3019-21, 3025 7, 3031, 3076. 3095- 
3100, 3246, 3273, 3327-9, 5599, 
6301-15, 5863. 

Limewash. 165. 

Linniiti, S, 21, 30, 165-6, 3851-56, 
5981 4. 

Liiiu, 4, 14, 21 ; skulls, i ^. 

Lion, repr. Myk. Tc. 186 ; bf. 1553, 1563, 
1568, 1621-2 ; rf. 1733, 1736-7, 1781, 
1783, 1790, 1792 3 ; stone vase, 2491 ; 
Tc. 3288-91 ; X 4018-9 ; 4022-3 6, 
8018, 4110-7, 8146, 4152, 4394, 
4417 ; gems, 4505-6, 4524 ; pore. 
4757-9, 4767-8; Sc. 5342, 6221; 
T(;. 1 74 {Poll, 117, 1.); attr. of Herakles, 
5138, 6116-8. 

Lithargiius, 8, 14. 

Lithroddnta. 9. 

Local fabrics of pottery (incl. all coarse 
varieties of clay), BrA. 85-7, 92-5, 
128-47, 180 7, 213, 222, 234, 259, 
294, 305, 414, 438 ; (ikPh. 919, 
920-a, 929, 950 a, 982, 986, 991-3, 
1018-9, 1022-3, 1026, 1067, 1069, 
1079-82, 1087, 1092, 174 {Poli, 239, 
II.), 175 {Enkomij, 178-9 (Kition), 
181 (KURION). 

Locker in shaft of tomb, 1S5. 

Locks, 3675 7. 

Loincloth, 5572. 

Loom-rings ?, Al 4801-3. 

Loom-weight, 5891. 

Lotos ornt., painted, 23-4, 60 ; stamped, 
25 ; GkPh. 994, 1014 (cf. Fleur-de-lys), 
1627 a, 1046-8, 1053, 1059 c, 1080- 
1, 1123, 1143, 1157, 1167-70, 1230; 
l.-ray ornt., 1157, 1221 ; A' 4152, 4319- 
21; porcelain, 1S6; Hellc. infl. 1080- 
1 ; bf. 1513, 1569 ff., with palmette. 

Loui7-on, II ; V. Salamis. 

Louvre, Musee du, vases and figurines, v. 
Index of Museums, p. 218, s.v. ; stone 
bowl from Amathus, 2 ; gold pectoral 
plate, 34 ; jewellery (Musee Napoleon, 
3174; like 8003 ; objj. from Klrion, 
7, 13; glass (S702) like 2536 ; Myrina 
(477), like 2802 ; N. objj. {Eg)'pte, Salle 
Civile, V) like 601 ff., 3750. 

Lozenge ornt., BrA. 36, 39, 200-2, 260, 
307-10, 358-9 ; GkPh. 60, 901 b, 
947 a, 979, 1115, 1120 ; chequered, 
1170, 1184. 

Lustral spray, 141 ; VSni, 5025, 5027, 
5032-47, 5052-3; Frdngissa, 6092. 
0098, 6100 1. 

Lustreless paint. BrA. white. 271-7; red, 
401, 414 ; black, 438 ; GkPh. black, 
920. 

Luynes, Due de, Idalion, 3. 

Lj/mhia, 14. 

Lyre, Tc. 3121 ; repr. on gem, 4587 ; Sc. 
5673-4, 5710, 5712 ; cf. Harp. 

Lysippos (amph. stamp), 2208. 



Mace-heads, 55 ; v. Spindlewhorls. 
Maeander omi. 60 ; (;kPh. 1081, 1221 ; 

bf 1513, 1596-7 ; rf. 1656-7, 1670. 
Magistrate's name, 95 8. 
Magnesian minerals in Cypr. clays, 28. 
Maker's name, 95-8. 
Maket Tomb (lllalnui), 46, 252; 47. 

300. 
Mdkhaira J\ft., 14, 39. 
Mall lint a, 2. 
Malta, 80. 
Maltese-cross ornt., GkPh. 902-2 a-3. 

952 a, 979, 1097-8. 
Man, V. Human figure. 
Mane of horses, Tc. 3303. 
Manis .amph. stamp), 2284. 
MapaKos, 143. 
Marble, absent in Cyprus, 28 ; figures, 

Cyclades and Crete, 27, 51, 158, cf. 

5686-92; vase, 181; torso from /"<?/» 

{Brit.), 30; Hymettian?, 6300, 159; 

Parian?, 6212; white, 5871, 5876, 

6155 ; clouded white, 6166. 
Mdri, 9, 14, 21. 

Marion, 9; v.Poli; v. Index III, p. 214. 
Marios (amph. stamp), [2284], 
Markopulos Collection (Smyrna Mus.), 

92, 2053. 
Rlaroni, 10, iSo, 187. 
Marsyas (amph. stamp), 2285. 
Mary, repr. of B.V., Byz. 4897. 
Mask, Tc. 3185-7, cf. 3171-3, 3177, 

5560 ; comic, 5860-1 ; glass, 182. 
]\Iiivra Ge, v. Aldmbra. 
Mazoth, 21. 

Megalilhic remains, 14. 
Meister, R., I'oni, 5, 143; Khytroi, 152 ; 

Poll, 172, 6221-8. 
M€Adj'6'to?, 5921-4 ; v. Amarg^tti, Apollo. 
Melian gems, 23; vases, 24. 
Menant, 28. 
Mc7-sin^ri (Limniti), 8. 
Mesh?, 4951. 
Mesopotamia, 127. 
JMessaorih, 14. 
Metallic prototypes of pottery, 36-7, 

1S6 ; m. sound of White Slip Ware, 39. 

M-ffT-qp QiWV, TaMASSOS, 12. 

Milk-bowls, 15. 

Millefiore glass, 2848-51, 179. 

Millstone, v. Saddle-quern. 

Miniature vases, BrA. 27, 436, 924 a, 
965-6 (tripods), 985, 1038, 1177-80, 
177 {A7n. 158) ; as ornt., BrA. 44, 
225-7 ; GkPh. 1132 ; tripod, GkPh. 
965 6. 

Mirror cases, 1S2. 

Mirrors, 3750-99, 1S2 ; repr. of, Myk. 
184; handle, 186; TG. 173 {Poll, 27, 
II), 174 (106, II), 175 {Eukomi), 176- 
8 {Am. 60, 91, 98, 100, 127, 154, 
165, 271), 179 vKiTlON, 1, 35, 45). 

Mithra, v. Lajarde. 

' Mittheilungen Athenische,' 7, 8, 11, 14, 
20, 39) 42, 51,9s. 138, 141: 5001 = ix. 
p. 1 31, fig. 2 ; 5003 = PI. iv. i ; 5004 = 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



201 



P- 130. fig- 1 ; 5008 = PI. iv. 2 ; 5022 
= P1. iv. 4; 5023 = PI. iv. 3 ; 5036 = 

PI. iv. 5. 
' Mitth. d. Anthr. Ges. z.Wien.' xx. (N.S. x. 

6-7, Nov. 1890), 40. 
Mnason (amph. stamp), 2286. 
Modelling, BrA. 27; GkPh. 29-30. 
Modern Cypriote parallels, 16, 39, 53 ; 

To. 3331 ; .^ 3575 ; JR 4801. 
Moeringen, 66. 
MSni, 14. 

' Monuments Piot,' 24. 
' Monuments Antiques de Chypre,' v. 

Ceccaldi. 
Mortar, for grinding, iSi, 1S4. 
Mosaic, Salamis, ii, 5925. 
Mother and child, Tc. 5520 ; v. Nursing. 
Mother-of-pearl, 134. 
Mouflon, 27. 

Mould for Tc. 5337, v. Terracottas. 
Moulded ornts. of pottery, 25. 
' Mound of Many Cities,' 20, v. Bliss : Tell- 

el-Hesy. 
Mounts of engraved cylinder, 15; H 

4501-2. 
Mourning gesture, 463. 
Moustache?, 6024. 
Mouthplates, A' 4343-9, 183-5. 
Much. ' Kupferzeit,' 2 {Aldiiibra), 15, 54 

(pins), 134, 4501 (p. 372). 
Mulberry-shaped pendants, 24, 31, 123, 

8003 ; cf. 4057. 
Munro, J. A. R., 26, 69, 123; Phrygia, 

37; Poll, 9; Salamis, 11. 
Munro, R., ' Lake-dwellings of Europe,' 

54 (fig- 64. 12); 66 (fig. 6. 15). 
Murray, A. S., 7, 10, 11, 47, 286; Sala- 

MIS, 12, 183. 
Mushroom-headed pins, 594 ff. 
Jiluti tu Arviii, Idalion, 3. 
Mykenae, 20, 27, 38, 40, 54 ; vase from 

M.,430. 
Mykenaean sites, Ag. Paraskevi, i ; Ag. 

Sozomenos, 2 ; Idalion, 3 ; Kcpha- 

lovrysi, 5 ; KuRION, 6, 7, 14, 180-1 ; 

Lakska tu Riu, 7 ; Mart, 9; Maroni, 

lO-i, 1S7; Nikolidcs, 2; Phoatichais, 

10; Pyla, II ; Salamis, 11, 12, 14, 99;;., 

183-6; Zdrtikas, 11. Cylinders, 11, 

19' 32; figurines, 27-8; gems, 32; glass, 

loo-i ; infl. and settlements in Cyprus, 

20, 40; island-stones, 135; jewellery, 
33-4. 127, 131 ; kraters, 40, 180, 184- 
6 ; ornts., 24, 38, 901 a, 1128, 1170 ; 
pigments, 1 7 ; spearheads, 2 1 ; spindle- 
whorls, 56 ; thalassocracy, 22 ; tweezers, 
54; vases, 40, 58, 113, 174, 181,184-6, 
430 ff. ; made and imitated in Cyprus, 
40, 432, 439-40. 

Pre-Mykenaean (Aegean ; Cycladic), 

17.18. 33, 39 (Cypriote BrA.), 183-6. 

Sub-Mykenaean (Transitional), 14, 

21, 23, 38, 40, 58, 70 ; sites, Katydata- 
LinH,\; Kition, 6 ; Paphos, 10, 174 ; 
Salamis, ii; beads, 4453; ornts., 
24; Tc. 28 ; infl. on vases, 901 a, 910, 



953 bff., 972 (ref), 1040 ff., 1043, 

1103, 1107 ff., 1118, 1128 ff. 
' Mykenische Vasen,' 39, 113; cf. 429 a. 
Myres, J. L., 39 ; Ag. Paraskevi, i, 57; 

Amathus, 176; Kalopsida, 4, 57; 

Kition, 153, 178. 
Myrina, Tc. 31 ; infl. in Cyprus, 108 ; 

cf. 3055-63. 
Myrtle leaves, repr., H. 175. 
Mystic repr. on late gems, 33. 

Nails, M 3631 ff. ; Fe. 3935 ff., 173, 
182; n. -shaped pendant, Si 4013; 

pinhead, 4867. 
Napkin, repr., rf. 1663. 
Naqdda, v. Dallas. 
Naturalistic ornts., GkPh. 1164 ff., 1267 ; 

bf. 1587 ; Tc. 5801-26. 
Nature-goddess, Voni, 142 ; Tc. 5267- 

73. 
Naukratis, 23 ; and Cyprus, 29; glass?, 

100; Polledrara ware, 184; porcelain, 

137; pottery, 25; scarabs, 32. 
Navel, ornt. over, 6050, 6054. 
Nea Paphos, 6212. 
Neck of vase, red, 1093 ; slanting, 260. 
Necklaces, BrA. 15; Myk. 185; GkPh. 

131 ff. ; of pendants, 131, 5268-73; 

of rings, 5208-8 a; on statues, 5224, 

5258, 5260, 5266, 5282, 5601-3, 

5640, 5644, 5661, 5718, 5723 ff., 

5991-2. 
Needles, i^, 53; BrA. 184-5; twisted, 

184, 572 ff. ; it 34 ; Gl. 106. 
Negro, repr., 1772, 5549. 
Neo;«o/)oy, v. Temple-boy. 
Neolithic implements, 13, 19, ^2. 
Net for hair, rf. 1657, 1660 ; "^Sc. 5650; 

-mesh ?, 4951 ; -sinkers, leaden, 3990 ; 

ornt. V. Lattice. 
Newton, Sir C. T., Ag. Paraskevi, i ; 

Aldinbra, 2 ; Idalion, 3 ; Kition, 6; 

Gdshi, 6; Mdri, 9; Ormidhia, 10; 

Phoeniclials, 10; Salamis, ii ; Xylo- 

tymlni, 12; 'Travels and Discoveries 

in the Levant,' i, 304; cf. 4945. 
New York, Metropolitan Museum, 25, 34, 

no, 113, 119; cf. 4378, 4824. 
Niche in tombs, 58. 
Nicosia, i, 2, 34; district, 8, lo, 12. 
Niello, Byz. 4897. 
Nika (Cypr. inscr.), 6225. 
Nikasatos (amph. stamp), 2243, 2244. 
Nike, repr. of, rf. 1658-9 ; gem, 4615 ; 

attr. of Apollo, 141, 146, 5050, 

5862. 
A'iki/dri, 6. 

Nikodemos (inscr.), 5144. 
Nikoldos, Ag., 2. 
Nikolides, 2, 14, 21, 27, 34 ; B. P. Ware, 

38; Wheel-made Ware, 38, 186, 300; 

Tc. 464; saddle-quern, 52 ; TG. 58. 
Nikomachos ?, NiKfixos, 2289. 
Nile, 20. 

Nipple on vases, GkPh. 977-85, 1128. 
A''isti, 14. 



202 



INDEX I. 



Nose-ring, repr., Tc. BrA. 405 ; Ilellc. 

5983. 
Nude figures, Tc. 51, 107, in, 119, 150, 

153, J.^S- 1^5- 
Nursing-motliers, votive, 3 ; Idalion, 

109,3095-99, 6311; KiiVTROi, 149- 

50, 5217-47, 5274-81; Kamdargi, 

5520. 
Nympli, repr. of, bf. 1594 ; and Satyr, 

bf. 1567, 1593. 

Oberhummer, E., 8, 14. 
Obsidian absent from Cypnis, 13. 
Ochsenkrater-Grabe, Ag. Par. {Berl^\,\^. 
Octopus, Mj'k. repr. 50, 180. 
Oenochoae, 24, 38, 5S-9, 183-6 ; BrA. 

294; pointed below, 1S3-6; Bucciiero, 

59-7o,1033ff.;GkFh. 7o-2,84,1043ff.; 

TG. 173-4, 178-9; Attic, 1085; bf. 

1603 ; bgl. 1826 ; Hellc. 2077-9 ; 

yE 3537, 3571 ; repr., Tc. 3249. 
Ohnefalsch-l\ichter,Dr. M., 1-12, 75, 77; 

V. Index V, p. 221. 
Oil-presses, 14. 
Olive-wrentlu.rnt., GkPh. 60, 920a, 1082, 

1168, 1268, 1313 ; bf. 1582, 1584 ; rf. 

1670, 1696, 1764 5, 1787 ; 'K 4342. 
OlymI'IA, metal bowl, 33. 
Omphalos, 5160-2. 
Onasagoras, 5142. 
Onasiaros, 5143. 
Onasimalas, 143. 
Onasithemis, 6224. 
One-edged knives, 18. ' 
Onesilos, 30. 
Onyx, 33", 4079, 4189, 4416, 4440, 

4456 68, 4601, 4607, 4615. 
^O-nao^v MfKavOios, v. Amargctti : Apollo. 
Orchomenos, Apollo of, of. M, 3865. 
Ore in tomb, 186. 
Orestas, 5962. 
Orgiastic ritual, 31. 
Oriental goddess, Tc. 5544-8. 
Orientalizing tendencies, viii-vii cent., 24. 
Oymidhia, 10, 21, 947 a, 1136, 1138, 

1140, 1158. 
Ornaments, on statues, v. Jewellery, 34 ; 

on pottery, within base-ring, 63, 901 ft. ; 

inside vase, BrA. 319-21; GkPh. 950b, 

955, 1028 a. 
Orpheus mosaic, Salamis, ii. 
Orsi, Dr., 58. 

Osiris, repr., 4735, 4741-2. 
Ostrich egg, 185. 

Overhring of potterj', 37-40; BrA. 112 ; 
GkPh. 934, 986, 991-3, 1017-8, 
1021, 1060 b, 1255 ; Ilellc. 2052. 
'Owl,' 4, 13; repr., 186, 5991 (attr. of 

Athene) . 
Oxford, V. Ashmolean Museum; Index IV, 
p. 217 ; University Museum, skulls, 13. 

Paint ( = Pigment), 17 ; on Tc. 29 ; poly- 
chrome, 26, 59, 60, 1221-4, 1285, 
1288, 1301 Tc. 3035, 3071; stele, 
6311 ; on glass bowl covers, 105, 177, 



180; black, BrA. 38-9, 301 ff. ; Attic, 
bf. 25 ; rf. 25 ; over white, 941, 1173 
ff.; bhte, GkPh. 60, 5960, 5983, 
6168, 6311; bioivn, Gkl'h. 60, 921, 
1013, 1080-1, 1083-4, 1086 ; green, 
GkPh. 29, 60, 5983, 6311 ; orange, 
GkPh. 60-1 ; purple, GkPh. 1222-4, 
1226 ; Hellc. 1511-12, 1541-3, 1567 
ff., 5957 ; red, BrA. lustrous, 411-17 ; 
lustreless, 185; GkPh. lustreless, 23 
(vases\ 901, 901b, 904 5 a, 908, 
910, 927-8, 934-6, 950 b, 951, 955, 
959, 972 9, 991, 995-6, 1004, 1026- 
7, 1029 a, 1030-1, 1055, 1059 a, b, 
1061, 1064-5, 1082, 1113, 1116, 1120, 
1123, 1135 ; statues, 30, i6o, 5001-2, 
5008, 5011, 5019, 5022-4, 5032-3, 
5037, 5066. 5107, 5112, 5114-20, 
5136, 5140, 5155, 5224, 5227, 5341, 
5571-2, 5641, 5651, 5660-1, 5814- 
21, 5909 a, 5954, 5992, 5995, 6053- 
5, 6087, 6168, 6311-13-15, 179, iSi ; 
red on black, BrA. 401-2 ; GkPh. 
957 ; edged with black, GkPh. 958, 
994, 996 ; red neck, 1093 ; rim, 984, 
987, 991-2, 994; vermilion, GkPh. 
60 ; violet, GkPh. 60 ; white, BrA. 
iSi, 183, 271-7; Myk. 18;;; GkPh. 
901 a, 917, 919, 922 5, 939, 941, 
1003, 1016, 1078-9, 1126, 1145, 
1173-6, 1187, 1202, 1221, 1253-61, 
1266-8, 1276, 1281, 1330; w. dots, 
&c., on black, 24, 59, 915, 922, 925, 
1060 a, 1166, 1176, 1173 ; b. dots, &c., 
on white, 941, 1173 ff. ; Attic, bf. 
1551, 1568 ff., 1585-7 a, 1592-5, 
1603, 1638-9 ; rf. 1659, 1661, 1684-5 ; 
Hellc. (Tarentine), 180; Hellc. 2166 ; 
on Tc. 5503 ff., 5705,5981-2 \ yellow, 
29, 180, 1127, 1172, 1178, 1180, 1223, 
2007 a, 5576. 

Painted glass, 1 01, 105, 2861-81 ; pottery, 
17 ff. ; disappears in 3rd cent. B.C., 26 ; 
stelae, 27, 165, 5957-62. 

Painting spoiled, rf. 1654. 

Palaeolithic implements absent from 
Cyprus, 13, 52. 

Palaeologos, 141. 

Palestine, 19; Exploration Fund, 20. 

Palmette, GkPh. 60, 1168, 1221, 1226 
(Phoen.) ; Hellc, bf. 1556, 1569 ff., 
1584, 1587, 1591, 1598, 1600-1, 
1621 ; rf. 1603, 1652 a, 1655-7, 1674- 
6 a, 1678, 1718 9, 1782 ff. ; stamped, 
25; with lotos, 1569 ft.; yE 3645, 
3841 ; AT 8007, 4014,4311 21, 4402- 
3, 182 ; Sc. 6301-6, 6315. 

— scroll, Byz. 4896. 

Palm tree, rf. 1668 ; branch, Gl. 2862 ; 
gem, 4615 ; ornt. 1159-61; Sc. 5008, 
5050; A' 184. 

Panagia Skourgiolissa, 4. 

Panainos (amph. stamp), 2293. 

Panel ornt. 23, 24; BrA. 358-9 ; GkPh. 
948-9, 950 a, 951 2, 1157, 1164 ff. 
I Panniers, repr., Tc. 3331. 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



203 



Panther, repr., rf. 1776. 

Pape, ' Worterbuch d. Gr. Eigennamen,' 
142, 5009. 

na(pia, 149, 5390-1. 

Paphos, 10, 14, 34, T3S, 141; dis- 
trict, 2, 8, 9; TG. 174; uncertain 
provenance, sub-Myk. 440, 717, 772- 
3; GkPli. 1286, 1514; Hellc. 2405, 
2412-3 ; JE 3583, 3727, 3797-8, 
3970 ; M 4005, 4009 a, 4016, 4041- 

2, 4059-62, 4085, 4087, 4090, 4103, 
4105, 8145, 4204, 4250, 4377, 4392- 

3, 4469, 4821, 4902-3 ; v. Index HI, 
p. 213. 

Papyrus, repr., gem, 4582. 

Paradisi, IDALION, 3. 

Parallel lines orat., GkPh. 901b. 

Parallels, v. Modern parallels ; O-R. 

'Parallellen,' 16. 
Paris, auction of Cypriote antiquities at, 9. 
Paste gems, 35, 4026-8, 4043 ff., 4073- 

4, 4077 ff., 4195-7, 4200-1, 4216-7, 
4507, 4571, 4590, 4605 ; lieads, &c., 
35, 4391-3, 4438, 4454, 4456 ff., 
4770, 4793, 4931-49 a. 

Patera, 3 (Idalion, Louvre) ; M 3512, 
176 {Am. 100); M 4881; repr., rf. 

1657 ; Tc. 5201 ; Sc. 6025. 
Pausanias (amph. stamp), 2294. 
Peacock, repr., lamp, 1379. 
Pearls, 4892-3. 
Pebble, polished, 186. 
Pecten shell, 134, 178. 
Pectorals, Af 34 ; M, 4403. 
Pediment, 5155, 5951, 5958-63, 6201. 
Pegasos, bf. 1597 ; rf. 1739. 
Pellets of clay added to Tc. 51, 463, 

467 ff. ; V. Terracottas : details added. 
Peloponnese and Cyprus, 22. 
Pelvis of BrA. Tc. 51, 465. 
Pendants,A',&c.,4354-7, 4364-79,4404- 

15,4431-44; repr. 5346, 5601, 5642, 

5718, 5723 ff., 5763, 5779, 5981-2, 

6051 ; earrings with, 122, 8007, 4014, 

4043 ff., 4082 ff . ; necklace of, 131 ; 

repr. 5268-73 ; ornt., GkPh. 1026. 
Pentdskino, 14. 

'Peoples of the Sea' in Egypt, 22. 
Pha, 8, 14. 
Perforations in rim of vases, 331-3 ; v. 

Stringholes. 
Perrot, G., and Chipiez, C, ' Histoire de 

I'Arl,' 6, 34, 53; vol. ii. fig. 319, cf. 

4824; vol. iii. fig. 293, cf. 4869; 

vol. iii. fig. 303, cf. 4009 ; vol. iii. fig. 

317, cf. 4378; vol. iii. fig. 320, cf. 

4251; vol. iii. figs. 507, 523, cf. 1157; 

vol. iii. fig. 595, cf. 4824 ; vol. vi. 

fig- 319' cf. 501.' 
Persian aggressions in Cyprus, 30. 
Persistence of early forms of jewellery, 121. 
Peschiera, £;4. 
Petasos, 5991. 6211. 
Petrie, Prof. W. M. P., Ballas-Naqdda, 

16 ; Gurob, 37 ; Kahun, 37 ; Tell-el- 

Hesy, 19, 37 ; Tell-el-Amarna,i^. 



Phaleric vases, 24. 

Phalli, votive, Amargdtti, 2. 

Phancroinhii, 6. 

Phanophantos (amph. stamp), 2203. 

Pkdratigas, i. 

Phiale, 1838 ff. 

Philadelphia, U.S A., 3, 54. 

Plan}; 39, 95. 

Phoenichais, 10, 14, 27, 39. 

Phoenicia, 17; pottery, 18, 20, 39; 
cylinder, 180; trade, 22; seals, 33; 
Tc. 51 ; lamps, 80; Gl. loo-i ; v. 
Inscriptions ; Graeco-Phoenician. 

*op;3eid, repr. 5001, 5303. 

Phosphoros (inscr.), 1377. 

Phrygia, 17, 37. 

Pidias, R ., 14. 

Pierides, D., 5; Voni, 95, 143, 152. 

Picrides, G. D. (in te.xt wrongly 'J.'), 34. 

Pietschmann, Dr., 20. 

Pig, votive, 31 ; repr. 2162-4 ; Tc. 3329 ; 
porcelain, 4761. 

Pigments, v. Paint. 

Pilaster, 5049. 

Pillows, v. Couch. 

Pin, 15, 33, 53, 139; BrA. 581 ff . ; X 
183-6; eyelet, 184-6; ^184; GkPh. 
^.4851-9 ; M 4861-9 ; bone, 4955- 
71 ; of spindlewhorl, 56. 

Pincers, is. 

Plait ornt." GkPh. 1157. 

Plate technique, Tc. 3329-31. 

Platform in Myk. tomb, 186. 

Plectrum, 5674. 

Ploughshare, BrA. 181, 609. 

Plutonic rocks in Cyprus, 14. 

Pnytagoras, 6226. 

Pnytilla, 6226. 

Poimachos, 5962. 

Pointed base of vessels, 16, 58 ; BrA. 57- 
9, 164, 170, 178, 381. 

Polemidhia, 8, 21. 

Poll (Marion, Arsinoe) , 9; proto- 
Corinthian vase from, 25 ; Hellc. vases, 
60; Hellc. sculpture, 28; portrait heads, 
3211 ff., cf. 6019; Tc. from Exc. of 
1885, 3031 ; TG. from Exec, of 18S6, 
1889-90, V. Index III, pp. 214-5. 

Polished White Ware, BrA. 38-9, 411 ff. 

Politikb, 14. 

Polledrara ware, 1S4. 

Polos, repr., Tc. 3100, 3112, 3119.3121, 
3133, 5021, 5228, 5241-46. 5851-6, 
5984, 5991. 

Poly bins, 36. 1 ; ref. 5009; v. Pape, s. v. 
Gillikas. 

Polychrome, v. Paint. 

Pomegranate, repr. (lamp), 1379; Tc. 
3361; X 184; porcelain, 186. 

Porcelain, 15, 23, 32, 121, 157, 162, 176- 
7,182; beads, BrA. 57, 181, 183-6, 
630 ff., 4471 9; GkPh. 4351-3,4359, 
4468,4783; cylinders, 15 ; pendant, 
4374 a, 4407; pseudamphora, 186; 
seals, 4520-30, 4541-50, 4562, 
4564-8; charms, 4701-84; Hellc. 



204 



INDEX I. 



4791-2 ; vessels, 25, 183-6, 2502 ; 
spiiKUcwhorls, 791-2 ; statuettes, 
5577 8 ; blue. 23, 32, 175, 1S3, 4565- 
7. 5578; green, vcllow, while, 32, 
5577, 5880 ; hrown, 633. 

Porphyry saucer, 5899. 

Portico, repr. of, rf. 1658. 

Portrait statues, KuRiON, 32 ; Poli, 31, 
3211 50 ; ]'6ni, 141 ; Vitmb, 31, 5871 ; 
engraved ring, 182; paintings, 165. 

rotamia, 14. 

Pot-clays, 28. 

Pot- factory, Kalopsida, 4, 

Praeneste, bowl, 33. 

Praxiteles, 5. 

Pre-Mykenaean, v. Mykenaean. 

Pre-Phoenician, 180. 

Priest, V. Votary. 

PRINCEPS Till (potter's-stamp), 2116. 

Prismatic seals, 32, 135. 

' Proc. Soc. Antiq.,' 19, 39. 

Projections on Br A. vases: on rim, 5-6, 
41 3, 180. 199-202, 213 ; in front, 
81 ; CikPh. for handles, 906, 939. 

Proteus? (Cypr. inscr.), rrpwnfos, 6225. 

Proto-Corinthian vases, 8, 25, 49, 61, 175, 
1501 (Liwassoi) ; cf. 386 (vase-form). 

Prototypes of pottery, alabaster, 2147 ff. ; 
bronze, 965-7 ; glass, 6 1 , 93, 95 , 215 ff. 

Provisions, burial of, 32. 

Prussian Seer, ol State, 2, 3, 12. 

Psemiiiatisni^no, 11, 14, ,34, 36, 127, 471. 

Pseudamphora, v. Biigelkanne, 180-1, 
1S3-6. 

Pscudo-Samian ware, v. Samian. 

Pshent, repr. of, 4546. 

Psyche and Eros, GkPh, 1311-3; Tc. 
3171-3. 

Ptolemaic Age ( = Hellenistic), 4 (Ida- 
lion, Ka/ydafa-Liitii\, 9 {Lithrodoiifa, 
roll); coins, 25, 26; glass, 26, joo; 
jewellery, 35, 121 ff ; portrait sculp- 
ture, 31. 

Ptolemy I. Soter, 9, 26. 

Punctured ornt., Br A. 38, 281-3. 

Pyla, II, 14, 143, 166. 

Pyramidal seals, 23, 32, 13:;, 4522-3, 
4530. 

Pyxis, repr., rf. 1687-8; Sc. 141, 5019- 
47, 5060, 5113. 5158, 5284, 6093-7, 
6105-6, 6160; leaden, 182; Myk. 
Tc. 184. 

Quadriga, v. Chariot. 

Quadruped, 5876, 6070 ; BrA. vase, 215. 

Quartz seals, 23, 32, 33. 

Quatrefoil ornt., 6067. 

Quern, v. Saddle-quern. 

Radial lines, ornt. of GkPh. vases, 1004. 

Ram, votive, 31, 3337-9; r. heads on 
bracelets, 4253-6, 182 ; on diadems, 
184, 186; r.-headed deity, 4746, 
4760. 

Rattle, 2163-5, 186. 

Kays, ornt, GkPh. 920, 920a (Ilellc), 



1028, 1031, 1040, 1081, 1103; bf. 

1582, 1584. 
Rbw. ornt., GkPh. 60. 
Keburials, 26, 177. 

Reddish clay of white ware, Kuklia, 1130. 
Red-figured Attic vases ( = rf.), 25, 61, 

85 ff., 1645 ff. ; imitated, GkPh. 920 a. 
Red glaze, rf. 1655 ; lamp, 1321. 
Red gold, early GkPh. 34; cf. 183 

('reddish metal'^ 
Red neck, rim, and other ornts., v. Paint, 

red. 
Red paint, v. Paint. 
Red Ware, BrA. (red polished), 19, 34, 

41 ff., 57-8, 181, 185-6; wheel-made, 

1S4-6; spiiidlewhorls, 55, 665 ff. ; 

Kalopslda, 4; Libya, 16; Thera, 18. 
GkPh. 24, 36-7, 59, 60 (rbw., cf. 

1003), 903, 914-9, 923 ff., 930, 932- 

3, 939,941, 960, 980-1, 997 ff., 1007, 

1009 11, 1027 b, 1070 ff., 1124 ff., 1157; 

cf. TG. 173 (/W/, 27 ir, 176 (Ama- 

THUS, 154), 178-9 (KiTION, 25, 53, 

58), 182 (Kurion) ; red bucchero, 

1039. 

Hellc. 2100-12, 180 (polychrome). 
Reeding of vases (cf. Fluting), GkPh. 

38, 59, 901, 902 (imit.), 1033 ff. (cf. 

1083 ), 1101-2, 1104, 1106 ; bgl. 1680 

-2, 1791-3 ^ribbi^g) ; AL 3521 ; imit. 

in glaze, 1083 : other ribbed ornts., 70, 

183-6; beads, 186; horizontal, GkPh. 

1068 ; Hellc. 2045, 2083. 
Reinach, S., ' Chroniques d'Orient,' v. 

p. 222. 
Relief, Tc. 3245 ; ^ 3870, 1S2 (cuirass) ; 

Sc. 5876, 5901. 

— ornt., 21 ; BrA. 36, 47, 13, 52-3, 91, 
93, 96-100, 151-60, 196-7, 209, 
251-67, 1033; Tc. 29. 

' Reliquary and lUustr. Archaeologist,' 

March, 1898, Kerynia, 5. 
' Rep. f. Kunstwissenschaft,' 11. 
Retrograde inscription (amph. stamp\ 

2204, 2253. 
' Revue Archaeologique,' 1873, i. 317 ff. ; 

Rhodian glass, 100; porcelain, 25; 
stamps on amphorae, 2024, cf 2201 ff., 
179 ; Tc. 6342 ; coin type, 5917. 

— vases, Myk. 20-1, 40; geoni., 23; 
orientalizing, 24, 61 ; examples, 11 (at 
Salamis), 25, 1511-14 ; imit., 1157. 

Rhyton, bf. 1638-9. 

Ribbed ornt., v. Reeding. 

Ridged ornt. (cf. Relief ornt.), 183-6. 

Rim of vessels, unusually broad, 921 ff. ; 
incurved, 937, cf. 956 ; painted red, 
984, 987, 991-4 ; perforated for sus- 
pension, 331-3. 

Ring-dances, 150-1,5288, 5290-5,5297 
-8, 5305-14, 5315-34, 5401-66. 

— ornt., Br.A. 36, 53, 196-7. 

— vases, 57 ; BrA. 225-7, 385-6. 
Rings, agalmatolite, 636-7 ; Babylonian, 

34 ; Bronze Age, 1 5 ; Byz. 4896-7 ; 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



205 



Myk. 183-6; electron (q.v.), 34, 4146, 
4186 ; Egyptian, 34, cf. 4146 ; en- 
graved,. ¥4146 ff.; GkPh. 127, 180, 4141 
ff.; glass, 4, 106, 182, 2901-5, 4916- 
7, 4921-6 ; Hellc. 35, 175 ; repr. Tc. 
5740 ff. ; on toes, 5747-50; over navel, 
6050. 

Rivets, of dagger-blades, 53 ; to mend 
vases, 910, 910 a, 1137, 178; repr. in 
pottery, 1 86. 

Road, Leonddri Fund, 8. 

Rock crystal, 4050, 4452-3. 

Roll, repr. 3133, 5048, 5065; of clay, 
ornt., 1041-2. 

Roman bath and house, Salamis, i i ; 
jewellery, 35 ; remains, Katy data- 
Linn, 4; Ktima, 6; KURION, 7; 
Lapathos, 7 ; Limassol, 8 ; Paphos, 
10; Salamis, ii. 175; Tamassos, 12; 
Va/t/t,i2; Voni,^; lamp, 175; silver 
from Spain, 35; tombs, 175; Oriental 
gems in, 33 ; cf. Graeco-Roman, 26, 61. 

Rope ornt., BrA. 36, iSi, 173, 194-5; 
K 4066. 

Rosebud, symbol, 2312 ; K 4:374.. 

Rosette ornt., 24; GkPh. 1079, 1157, 
1254-5, 1268, 1276; Hellc. 2053, 
2114 ; Tc. 3032, 3325-7 ; N 4055, 
4094-5, 4098-9, 4100, 4110 ff., 4131 
-4, 4316-8, 4362, 4402, 176 ^A»i. 
100). 184-6 ; Sc. 5017, 5779, 5981-2, 
5991, 6083, 6203. 

Ross Collection (Berl. Mus.), KlTlox, 30. 

Rouge-grinders, 99. 

Rubbish-heap of Temple, 153, iSi. 

Ruddy gold, 34. 

Rugby School Museum, cf. 2800. 

Rust of silver, differences in, 33. 

Sacred boat, ornt., Tc. 5763. 

— tree, v. Tree. 
Sacrifice, repr., lamp, 1366. 
Saddle-quern ('millstone), 15, 51, 52, no, 

5152 ; repr! 3145. 

' Salaminia,' v. Cesnola, A. P. di, and 
Index V, p. 220. 

Salamis (Attica), 21. 

Sa-Lamis = jEfi/:omi,g, 11, 14, 22,93, 161; 
amber, 139, 1S4; Attic vases, 22; 
coins of, 30 ; electron, 34; glass (Myk.), 
101 ; jewellery, 33 ; Naukratite and 
Rhodian vases, 25 ; Toumba Tc. 161, 
5801 ff.; TG., BrA. 183-6; GkR. 
175 ; V. Index III, p. 213. 

Salamis Collection, 162. 

Salt Lake, Laniaka, 6, 188. 

Samian ware, 61, 93, 2147; Katydata- 
Linu, 4. 

Sandals, repr., Tc. 5808-12, 6062-3. 

Sand core of glass vessels, 100. 

— grains in pottery, BrA. 37, 39. 
Sandwith, T. B., 41, 42. 4=,, 46, 4S, 305, 

346, 466, 901 ff , 996, 1034 ff., 1070, 
1093, 1128 ff.; analysis of glass, 101. 
.Saparilla garden, Larnaka, 5. 



Sarcophagi in GkR. tomb, 174- 

Sard, 33, 35, 180, 182, 4188, 4190-1, 
4354-7, 8353, 4436-7, 4451, 4454- 
8, 4491-2, 4583-8, 4602-4, 4609- 
12. 

Sardinia, 33. 

Sardonyx, 4606. 

Sargon I, cylinder of, 20. 

— II, conq. Cyprus, 28. 

Sash, V. Taenia. 

Satyr, bf. 1567, 1593-4, 1596 ; rf. 1683, 
1773 ; Tc. 3175-83 ; Sc. 5153-4 
{Fd/ii), 5304 (Khytroi). 

Scdla (New Larnaka), 5. 

Scale-like treatment of feathers, 6168. 

Scale ornt., Myk. 181. 

Scales, pair of, 182. 

Scarab, Br.A. 15, 32, 183; XXVL Dyn. 
180; GkPh. 8 {Limassol), 21, 23, 32, 
35, 17.^, 4541, 4550, 4581-2, 4584, 
4591-2; Thothme-; III, q. v., 20. 

Scarabaeus, 4544, 4784. 

Scaraboid, 7, 33, 35, 180, 4578, 4583, 
4585-90. 

Scarf, repr., rf. 1657. 

Sceptre, repr. 5991. 

' Schadel von Assos u. Cypem,' 13. 

Schliemann Collection, 39 ; Great Trea- 
sure, 17; ' llios,' 15, 27, 49; fig. 121, 
cf. 599 ; fig. 1392, cf. 386 ; ' Tiryns,' 
PL XV, cf. 3303. 

Schnabelkanne, BrA. 37, 41, 58, 1S5, 
161 ff., 346. 

Schrader, Dr. O., 8. 

Schuchhardt, Dr. C, 27, 38. 

Scoriae, Katydata-Liiiic, 4. 

Scrapers, BrA. 561 ff. 

Scroll ornt., BrA. 37, 58; in relief, 253-4; 
GkPh. (Hellc.\ 60"; painted, 1154 (cv:), 
1221, 1228; loop coil, 1285, 1290, 
1313 ; rf. 1667; lamps. 80, 1335-66. 

Sculpture, 27, 141 ff. ; JE 3851-65. 

Seals, 32 ; GkPh. 23. 

Seam ornt., BrA. 37, 118, 120 ff., 211, 
301-3. 

Seed-gold ornt., 4009, 4067-9, 4074, 
8354, 184 ( = ' granular';. 

Seed -shaped bead, 184. 

Semicircle ornt., BrA. 198; GkPh. 953 a. 

.Sergi, Dr. G., 13. 

.Sevres Museum, 37. 

Shamar-baal (inscr.), 6232. 

Shell-pattern, A' 184. 

Shells, as ornts., 4496-99, 177-8; as 
strigils, 134, 175. 

Shield, repr. Oriental, 153, 5542; iron 
boss, 3931-3 ; Tc. 3147, 5347, 5542, 
5567; Ilellc. bf.l603; attr. of Athena, 
559L 

.Ship, repr. lamp. 1401. 

Shovel, M 3699. 

Shrine, votive, Amathus, 3. 

.Sicilv, 40, 80. 

Sido'n, cf. 2782. 

Signet, V. Ring. 

Silenus, Tc. 3175. 



2o6 



INDEX I. 



Silver, Br.A. 8, 15, 33, 54, 57, 611 flf., 
4101; silver-lead, 33-4; oxide, 33, 
140; GkPh. 21, 24, 34; bead, 176 
(Am. 100) ; bowls, 24, 33, 4883 ; 
jewellery, 7, 121 ff., 175; Krater, 7, 
4884 ; loom-rings, 4801-3; patera, 
4881; pliialc, 182; plate, 5 ; spoons, 
4871-3; wire, 4407 ; llellc. 34; from 
Attica, 34 ; Spain, 34-5 ; silvered 
mirror, 3791 (T. ; bronze, 4414, 182. 

Sinai, copper, 17, 19. 

Si'nJii, 12, 14. 

Sinjirli, 18, 27. 

Six, Dr. J. P., 30. 

SkottrgiiUissa, 4. 

Skulls, 4, 13, 175, 183-4-5; other human 
remains, 178, 184-5. 

Skvlla, repr., hg\. 1774-5. 

Skyphos, 1512. 

Slag-heaps, KalyJata-Littu, 4 ; and glass 
works. 100. 

Sling-stones, 497-9 ; confused with spin- 
dlewhorls, 55. 

Slip.BrA. 16,36; black, 37,251; brown, 
277 ; white, 39, 301 ft'."; GkPh. black, 
901, 176-7 ,Am. 1, 158) ; red, 1079; 
glossy red, 956 ; reddish, 1088 ff. ; 
dark. 1070 ff, 1079 ff , 1173 ; yellow, 
1080-1; Tc. 154, 3129. 3195, 3277, 
5801-26, 5913-4,5981-2. 

Sminthios (amph. stamp), 2203, 2293. 

Smith, A. H., Amathus, 3, 176; Sala- 
Mis, 12, 183-4. 

Smith, Elsey, Paphos, 10. 

Smyrna Museum, cf 2053. 

Snake ornt., BrA. 27. 91, 96-100, 255 a ; 
Gkl'h. 1042,1114; rf 1683; Tc. 3151; 
yK 4259-64, 8261-4, 176, 182; gem, 
4566. 

Siieferu, 17. 

Snow-man technique, v. Terracottas. 

S0ANIJ0.S, 12, 

Sokrates (amph. stamp), 2247. 

Solder, 3988. 

SuLOl, So/ia/s, 4, 5, 120; jewellery, 
152-3, cf. 297; objects from, 2116 
(11 ,2511, 2770, 2800. 2808, 2843, 
2851, 2899, 2900, 2901, 2903-4, 
3677 (i8'*3). 

Soteiia (amph. inscr.), 2208. 

South Kensington Museum, 34 ; Gastrin, 
3; Kl:ri(jn, 6; Salamis, 11; cf. 
3301. 

Soz6iiienos, Ag., 2. 

Spanish Bronze Age (Ciempozuelos), 38 ; 
silver, 34-5. 

Spatulae,"BrA. 604 ; Hellc. 3737 ff., 182; 
cf Toilet articles. 

Spearheads, BrA. 15, 184; GkPh. .(E 
3801; Fe. 3921-2; repr., bf. 1543, 
1554, 1603 ; Sc. 5991. 

Sphinx, repr. 35, 88, 131; bf 1585-6; 
rf. 1665-6, i705-6, cf 1775 ; K 4151, 
4378-9. 4546, 4581, 4604 ; votive, 
5156, 5863, 6153-4, 6158, 6315. 

Spindle, 4990 ; -whorls, 8, 23, 55, 57-8, 



176, 179, 181, 184, 6510"., 5568; 

bone, 182 ; basalt, 183. 
Spindle-shaped beads, 8354, 4471-9 ; 

]H)rc. charms, 4777-8 ; thunderbolt, 

3205. 
Spinning, repr., bf. 1592. 
Spiral bead, BrA. A\ 625 ; ribbed pore, 

632; bracelet, 5159: finger rings, 

4175,8175 ; Fe. 176; pin-head, BrA. 

578. 
Spiral earrings, 33, 35, 54; BrA. 611 ff., 

183; A' 185; GkPh. 12 2,4101-40, 177 

(Am. 147), 182 (KuRiON) ; on statues, 

5338-9, 5561, 5802-7, 5981-2. 
.Spiral ornt., incised, 37 ; replacing cone. 

circles, 978, 1058; Myk. 183. 
Spits, 3926 ff. 

Spoon, 57; BrA.26; I?. 3735; ]P. 4871-5. 
Spout of vases, 40; BrA 12-23, 55-6, 

94-5, 161-79, 318 21, 342, 360-4, 

442; GkPh. 1026 ff., 1033 ff. ; Hellc. 

1781, 1790, 1792 3, 1795. 
.Square ornt., Br.A. 233. 
Staff ornt., GkPh. 920-920 a (Hellc), 

1081, 1085 ; bf 1582, 1592-9, 1603, 

1610, 1630; rf. 1655, 1670, 1740. 
Stag, v. Deer. 
.Stamnos, 181 -2. 
Stamped ornt., Hellc. pottery, 25, 1771- 

6, 1830-65 ; Tc. 29, 5719, 5802. 
Stamps on amphorae, 95 8, 2201 ff. 
.Standard, repr., lamp, 1339. 
Star ornt., GkPh. 950 b, 975-6, 1027, 

174; lamp, 1371. 
Starting for a race, rf. 1662. 
Statuettes, 30 (Idalion, Tamassos, 

Vdni), cf 141 ff. passim ; ^3851-65. 
Sidvro Vuni, 14. 
Steatite, 15, 23, 32, i.(>, 134, 175, 180, 

4444, 4502 6, 4508, 4521-25, 4561, 

4576-8; unworked, 4525. 
Stele, re])r., rf. 1662; pendant, 4405. 

5951-63; painted, 5957-62, 6301- 

7 11-13-15. 
Step, fragt. of, 5927. 
Stepiiane, Tc. 3125-9, 3225 ; M 3864 ; 

So. 5017, 5212-3, 5315-22, 5640, 

5641 50, 5853-5. 5981-2, 6083, 

6262. 
Stevenson, Capt., Kerynia, 5. 
.Stirring rods, Gl. 2891-5 ; cf. .Spatidae. 
Stole, 5571. 
Stone Age : Cyprus, 13; Hissarlik, 17. 

— cylinders, 15 ; implements, 52, 470 ff.; 
paste, 15; vessels, 479, 181, 183-4. 

— statuettes, 176 (Am. 91); catalogued 
among terracottas, 5825, 6013. 

Stool, Tc. 3235. 

aTovmraiTo. = false-necked vases, 174. 

Strabo, iSo. 

Strainer, BrA. 54, 415; GkPh. 1092; 

Hellc. 1781 ff. 
Strap-shaped handle, BrA. 261, 270. 
Straw-plait, imit. in pottery, 16, 38. 
Striated ornt. of alabastron, 176 {Am. 

165). 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



207 



Strigils, JE. 3701-9, 176; Fe. 3941-2, 
175-6, 182; shells as, 134, 175. 

String-holes, of pottery, BrA. 38, 58, 1-4, 
41-2, 73, 89, 92, 126-7, 151-60, 
172-3, 179, 207, 209, 211, 224, 
230-1, 296, 312, 322, 344 ff., 367 ff., 
382-4; in the rim, 331-3; GkPh. 
956 ; of whetstones, 481 ff. 

Strombus shell, 5176-7. 

Sub-Mykenaean, v. Mykenaean. 

Sulphur core of late gold-work, 35,4096. 

Suppliants, 5517-9 ; cf. Votaries. 

Surface-graves, 27. 

Surgical instrument?, 3749, 175. 

Surreptitious digging, 6306 ; Limassol, 8; 
Nikolides, 34 ; Pyla, 11 ; Salamis, ix ; 
Vitsada. 12 ; VS^ii, 141 ; 'Zdrukas, 11. 

Survivals in funeral ritual, 32. 

Suspensurae, 11. 

Swan, repr. metal, 183 ; bf. 1556, 1584 ; 
To. 32, 3165, 3257; J^. 3601 ; votive, 
5529 ; attr. of Eros, 3165 : pore. 5763. 

Swastika, 24, 60 ; GkPh. 950, 952, 
952 a, 1002, 1028 a, 1108, 1117 ; 
Tc. 3031. 

Swelling on foot of kylix, GkPh. 954, 
1073. 

Swivel-mounted rings, 3^, 128, 4183-9, 
182. 

Sword, yE 3821; Fe. 3911-3, 173, 182; 
repr., bf. 1553, 1603 ; Tc. 3147, 3303, 
5537, 5541-2; Sc. 6201; ^4851. 

Sword-belt, repr. 1195. 

Syllabary, Cypriote, 22. 

Syra, bowl from, Cambridge, cf. 1093. 

Syria, 18-9; Amorite culture, 16, 20; 
iron, 21 ; Myk. 40; Gl., cf. 2704-5. 

Syrinx, Tc. 3177. 

Syro-Kappadokian (Hittite) culture, 19, 
32. 

Tablet, repr., Tc 3133; Sc. 5009, 5118. 
Taenia, votive, 5006, 5008 ; (sash) ornt. 

(painted on stelae), 5957-9, 5961-2. 
Tamassos : Ag. AIndsos, 1 2 ; Frdngissa, 

12, 167-71 ; Lamberti, 12, 16, 21, 33, 
38; Politikb, 14; glass works, 106, 
2999; jewellery, 34, 123W.; pottery, 
59; sanctuary, 141 ; sculptures, 167- 
71 ; Tc. 29 ; skulls, 29; vase in Brit. 
Mus., 12, 77; cf. 1184. TG. (Exca- 
vations of 1885^ V. Index III, p. 213. 

' Tamassos und Idalion,' i, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 

13, 34>4i» 58> 61, 140. 
Tambourine, 31; Tc. 3093; -players, 

3101-10, 5287,5296-5301, 5501-11, 
5571, 5601-2, 5707-9, 153-4. 

Tanagra, iiifl. in Cyprus, 31, 108; Tc. 
3055-63, 3183, 3191-3, 5336. 

Tang of dagger-blade, 53. 

Tangent circles, ornt. 23, 56, 731, 990. 

Taientum, Hellc. pottery, 181. 

Tarsus, Tc. from, cf. 3133. 

Tat, Egyptian symbol, pore. 4545. 

Tatlisitgu. 9, 20. 

Taylor, W. T., 13. 



Tear-bottles, 2084-98 ; repr.?, H 4363. 

Tell-el-Amarna, 39. 

Tell-el-Hesy, 17-20, 37, 39, 53-6, 80, 
964, 183. 

Temenos of Apollo, AmargHti, 162 ; 
V6ni, 141 ; of Zeus, Salamis, ii. 

Temple of Jerusalem, cf, Paphos, 10; of 
KuRiON, 181-2. 

Temple-boy, vfojKopos, votive, 3, 3151-7 ; 
Vdni, 5053, 5112-35; Khytroi, 5201- 
16; Tamassos, 6119-26; female, 3157, 
5212-3 ; standing, 6121 ; as Herakles, 
3151 ; attitude, 5576. 

Term, satyr-headed, 5153-4 (^Vdni). 

Termera, 138. 

Terracotta figurines, 107 ff., 14S ff., 173 fT. 
(TG.); from^wrt/^f-///^, 163; Amathus, 
176-7; Idalion, 5, 29, 158; Kition, 

6, 31. 153-7, 178; KuRioN, 7; 
Khytroi, 149 ; Linmiti, 8, 165 ; 
Poli, 173-4; Salamis, 12, 29, 161, 
185-6 ; SoLOi, 152 ; Tamassos, 29, 
168; Voni, 5141, 14S. BrA. 27, 31, 
51, 461-9, 3275-6, 3321; Oriental, 
182; GkPh. 28-32, 107-14, 3001 ff.; 
Hellc. 31 ; in Egypt, 16, 23, 29 ; 
figurines on vases, 7, 78-9 ; colossal, 
29 ; made in sections, 5801 ff., 5813, 
6014, 6016, 6056 7, 6073. 

Snow-man technique, 23,27, 29, 78-9, 
91, i74(^;«. TG. 147), 3085 9, 3105- 
10, 3139, 3145-7, 3261-71, 3281, 
3293-3317, 3325-8, 3341-5, 5253- 

7. 5274 5, 5347, 5401-51, 5484-5, 
5591, 5686-5715, 5827 ff., 5918, 
6001-12; with details added, 154, 
1251 ff., 3309-17, 5402, 5445, 5451, 
5521, 5555 (beard), 5556, 5563, 5723- 
79,5981-2; modelled, 29, 30; pressed 
in a mould, 23, 29, 78, 154, 182, 1276- 
7, 5258-73, 5276-81, 5448 ff., 5592, 
5984 ; mould for, 5337 ; Tc. cata- 
logued among stone figures, 5141, 141. 

Thackwell, Major, 91. 

Tharros, 33. 

Theangela, 28. 

Themistokypros, 6227. 

Thera, BrA. 18, 39. 

Thesmophorios (amph. stamp), 2239. 

Thessaly, Athene on coins of, cf. 4603. 

Thiasos, 5147. 

1 hompson, H. L., 6212. 

Thothmes III, 20, 175, 4542-3, 4550. 

Throne, 5997, 6162. 

7'hr6ni, 14. 

Thueris, repr. 186. 

Tliunderbolt, Tc. 3205 (attr. of Herakles); 

Sc. 5136. 
Timagoras, 6228. 
'Times,' Ama'i iius, 3; Idalion, 4; 

KuRioN, 7, 20; Salamis, 12, 20. 
Timodikos (amph. stamp), 2248, [2253]. 
Tim[o]k[ra]tidas (amph. stamp), 2291. 
Timokretes, 6221. 
Timokypros, 6221. 
Times, 6228. 



2o8 



INDEX I. 



Tin, 15. 

Tischler, Dr., 15. 

Titus, 2116. 

Toilet articles, Gl. 4, 106, 11 7-8; TG. 

175-7. 179- 

Tomb Groups, arrangement of, 25 ; BrA. 
57-8, 181, 1S3-6; Gkl'li. 173-Q, 1S2; 
Hcllc, Ag. Faraskevi, 95, 2159-61. 

Tombs, oval, 185; of masonry, 184; of 
brick, 185 ; Laniaka, 6 ; domed, 
Lithargian, 8 ; Laks/ul tu Kin, 58 ; 
Crete, fiS ; V-shaped, 185. 

Torch, attr. 6212. 

Torch-holders, GkPh. 963-4. 

Torque, 130; v. Bracelet. 

Tortoise, votive, To. 31-2, 3277. 

Toumba, Sal.'VMIS, 12, 5801 26. 

Toys, funerary, 32. 

Transition Period, v. Sub-Mykenaean. 

Transparent drapery, 6110-11. 

Tree, repr. and ornt. 24, 33 ; BrA. 27, 36, 
225; seal, 181; Myk. 40; GkPh. 
1052, 1059 twig), 1060, 1086, 1142, 
1164 ff., 1188-9, 1201-4, 1206-7, 
1252-3,1261.1267-8, 177 {Am. 214) ; 
Ilellc. bf. 1592 ; rf. 1656 ; lamp, 
1419 ; naturalistic, 1267 ; Tc. 3207, 
3245, 5141, 5305-14 ; on stele, 5960 ; 
on altar, 179; X 4147, 4158; gem, 
4503; cylinder, 180 ; ' sacred tree,' 24, 
33. 6072. 

Trefoil lip of vases, 1083-4. 

Tremithus, Trcmithiisha, 12. 

Triangle ornt. on pottery, plain, BrA. 
199, 233, 346 ff. ; of punctured dots, 
BrA. 38 ; hatched, BrA. 38, 40, 60, 
199-2*01, 307-10, 322, 438-9, 442; 
GkPh. 1041 ; cross-hatched ( = lattice^ 
21, 24, 38, 40, 60; BrA. 329, 447; 
sub-Mvk. elaborate, 434-5 ; GkPh. 
901 a-'3, 912 a, 967, 1041-2, 1098, 
1117, 1122, 1168, 1170 ; chequered, 
GkPh. 1028 a; black, tJkPh. 989-90, 
995, 1006, 5567 (shield) ; red, 1154 ; 
on stele, 5951-2. 

Triangular dagger-blades, 53. 

Tridacna shell, 134, 178. 

Trident, s) mbol on amphora stamp, 2254. 

Triko»io, 3. 

Trinkets, funerary, 32. 

Tripod, Br.A. M 184; Tc. 27; vases, 
180-5 ; GkPh. Tc. 965-7. 

* Troja, 1893,' 39; cf. Hissarlik. 

Troddos, Mt , 14, 39. 

Trophy, repr., lamp, 1365-6. 

Trumpet of strombus shell, 5176-7. 

Tubbs, H. A., Limnlti, 8 ; Poll, 9 ; 
Salamis. II. 

Tubular beads, 4891. 

Tumuli, 8, 14. 

Tiirabl TcU, Larnaka, 6, 26, 32 ; TG. 
178-9. 

Turin Museum (No. 126), 14, 21, 34, 123. 

Turner Bequest, E.\cavations, 3, 7, i 2. 

Tweezers, BrA. 601 ; GkPh. 3934 ; 
Hellc. 179. 



Twig ornt., GkPh. 1059 b ; cf. Tree. 
Twisted handle of vase, BrA. 53, 173; 

Myk. 186; GkPh. 178. 
Tylliria, 9. 

Tympanum, v. Tambourine. 
Types of Sculpture, 31. 
Tyre, 37. 
Tyrrhias, Mt., TylHHa, 9. 

Umber, 17, 26. 

Underfiring, 1190. 

Unfinished spiiidlewhorl, 664, 

Unio shell, 134, 179. 

Unworked river-stones, 494-5 ; steatite, 

4525. 
Uraeus, 4763. 
Urn, of lead, 3961-2. 

Vakuf land, Lamaka, 178. 

Vaphio cups compared, 180. 

Variegated glass, v. Glass. 

Varnish, v. Glaze. 

Varvakeion Athene, column of, cf. 5049. 

Vase-handle, I^ 175. 

Vase-shaped pendants, 35 ; as ornaments, 
36, 1S2. 

J 'a mi, 12. 

Veil, repr., Tc. 3091, 3112, 3119, 3125, 
3225,3231,5217-47,5268-73,5675- 
84, 5856, 5955, 5991, 5997, 6211. 

Venus shell, 134, 178. 

Vermilion, 60. 

Vertical bands, 950 b. 

— circles ornt , GkPh. 24,60, 996, 1003, 
1052, 1057-7 a, 1078, 1081, 1088 ; 
broad circles, 1057. 

— and horiz. circles, 989, 991, 1059 ff., 
1079, 1080. 

— lines on shoulder, ornt. 1155, 1181, 
1186. 

Victim, Tc. types, 31. 
Vienna, Hof-Museum, statue from Lar- 
naka, 6 ; skulls, 13. 

VILLI. 2115. 

Vine, repr., lamp, 1377 ; bf. 1587, 1593- 

4, 1596; bgl. 1776. 
Vine-leaf, .^. 3575. 
Virchow, Dr. R., 13. 

— Fund Excavations, Tamassos, 12. 
VilsdJa, 12, 30, 166-7, 5991-7. 
\'oUUcs, yp: 3751 ; Bvz. 4897 ; capital, 

5599, 5951-2, 6301-6. 
Voni, 5, 131 ff.; Hellc. statues, 30; 

Herakles, 31, 3862, 4435, 5001- 

5177. 
Votaries, Tc. 31, 141, 3071-81; male, 

5001 ff, 5535-9, 6156-7; female, 

5253 7, 5521 34. 
Votive terracottas, 31, 182. 
I'lii/io, 31. 

Waggon, repr. 24 ; v. Cart. 

\Vail of KlTiON, 153. 

Walters. H. B., KuRlON, 7, 26, iSo; 

Mardni, 187. 
Warren, Col. E., 7 (KuRlON), 46, no. 



OF NAMES, PLACES, OBJECTS, AND STYLES. 



209 



Warriors, repr., Tc. 24, 29, 32, 106, 3147, 
5347, 5535, 5537, 5541-2, 6002-5; 
bf. 1589, 1603 ; gems, 4577, 4604. 

Water-birds, repr. 9, 24. 

Water-pipe, Pb. 3983. 

Watkins, C , Idalion, 3, 4; Poli, 9. 

Wavy line ornt. ( = ' W-L.'), 21, 24; 
BrA. 36, 38, 52, 323-6, 328, 334-5, 
440 ; GkPh. 910, 919, 953 b, 954, 
1029, 1040, 1042, 1054, 1061, 1063, 
1079, 1103, 1107, 1111, 1119, 1128 ff., 
1134; Gl. 100. 

Weeren, Prof., analysis, 10, 15, 32. 

Weights, BrA.? 636, 181, 1^83; Hellc. 
M 3691-4 ; Pb. 3984-5. 

Weisbach, Dr., 13. 

Wheel, repr. of wooden, 5991. 

Wheel-made potter}', Egypt, 16 ; BrA. 
59, 1S4, 300; GkPh. 21, 37-8, 58-9, 
901 ff. ; Tc. 5501 ff., 5703. 

Whetstones, 53, 57, 176, 481 ff. 

Whip-lash ornt. 1077. 

White lekythi, 25, 87, 1698. 

— paint, V. Paint. 

— Painted Ware, BrA. 38, 57-8, 184; 
GkPh. 59. 

— Polished Ware, BrA. 39, 57-8. 

— Slip Ware, BrA. 39, 57-8, 184-6 ; 
GkPh. (polychrome^ 1221-2, 1277, 
1311-2 ; Hellc. 1082. 

— Ware with Base-Ring, BrA. 37, 47, 
184-5, 291-9. 

Wig, Egyptian, 5508, 5529, 5536, 

5544-5, 5577 ; cf. Head-dress. 
Williamson, J. W., & Co., KuRiON, 7 ; 

Poli, 9. 
Wine amphorae, 26, 91, 175, 178-9 ; 

miniature, 177, 2001-49; slung on a 

pole, 2022, 2028. 
Wing, archaic, 4378-9, 6315. 
Wing- ornt. of Lotos, 1184. 
Winged disc, 4581 ; horse, v. Pegasos ; 

humanfigure, rf. 1658, Gl. 2862 ; v. Eros. 



Woman, v. Human figure. 

Woman-and-pitcher vases, 60-1, 182. 

Woodwork in Cyprus, 23; preserved, 
3613-20 reff. ; prototypes, 39. 

'Woolsack' earring, 123. 

Worshipper, v. Votary. 

Wrapper, 5955. 

Wreath, repr., rf. 1653, 1659 ; Gl. 
2862-3 ; Tc. 3225, 3233 ; K 4342 ; 
gem, 4615 ; votive, 5007, 5010, 5012, 
5018, 5021-2, 5048, 5109-11, 5114- 
21,5533-4, 5722,5954, 6014, 6019- 
20, 6023,6087, 6092, 6127 ff., 6155 a, 
6313. 

Wrestlers, repr., bf. 1562, 1624. 

XdpT]s, 12. 

Xenophantos (amph. inscr.), 2246. 
Xenostratos (amph. inscr.), 2245. 
Xpr](XT( xa'^^E) 27, 6205, 6207. 
Xylotytnbu, 12, 14, 21. 

Yaltisa, 21. 

Yellow, V. Paint 

Yerosklfos, 6. 

Yoke, repr., Tc. 6009-11. 

Youth, repr. gem, 4583 ; pendant, 4931. 

Zdmkas, 11, 14, 187. 

' Zeitschr. f. Aegypt. Sprache,' 28. 

' — f. Keilinschriften,' 134, 4501. 

Zeus, attr. given to Apollo, 141 ; to 
Herakles, 5136 ; Ammon, repr. 1385- 
6 ; Olympios, repr. 1394 ; Soter (Te- 
menos at Salamis), 1 1 ; apa Ad, 6223. 

Zigzag ornt, BrA. 36 ff., 39, 54-6, 59, 
62, 74, 89, 93, 95, 111-4, 120 ff., 193, 
200-1, 203-5, 213 ; GkPh. 901 b 
(bands of), 939, 941, 950 b, 1091 (on 
handle), 1255, 2007 a, 178; GL loi. 

Zurich Museum, 37. 

Zygi_ 2T. 



INDEX 11. 



OF DIAGRAMS INSERTED IN THE TEXT. 



Illlllllll 
llllllllli 



328. 



311, 367. 



1110, 1158. 

C''''"X]) Aretine ware, 2115. 
^V-VV-H-^ 118, 120 ff., 211, 301-3. 

306 ff., 356 ff. 




J|f BrA. 400 ; GkPh. 950, 4529. 

nnnn 431. 

r^'^Wi^ 438-9. 

^ abbr. =(Tio, 2254. 

0\0-^G\ 731. 

\0\0\0\ p- 23. 

pW 733. 

-1=^ 964. 



1086, 1202. 



^ 1201. 
«^^ 1205. 
O O O ® O O O 1146. 

o 

m 1154. 

m m: ^^^°- 

A 

A P- 24- 
A 

^ 1625 a. 



4508. 



\\\\\ 



• • • • 



4522. 



® 5347. 

^ U 5909. 



2053. 



INDEX III. 



OF TOMB GROUPS FROM THE LARGER EXCAVATIONS. 



AGIA PARASKEVI. 



Br. A. objects : unidentified: 


1884. 


3. 236. 


1885. 


11. 35- 


172. 


505-14,531,533, 


1885. 


1-4, 16, 83, 90, 




53- 


188. 


567-70, 575-9, 




93, 182, 388-9, 




88 


125. 


590,611-14, 621- 




415; figurine, 463, 




Uncertain, 96, 


2,630-1,633,708. 




?485. 






213,215,411. 


Jewellery: 4000 a-d,4101, 


1885. 


i. 7. 44. 


1894. 


5- 


4471-7. 


4471 ff. 




i. 12. 200-1, 225, 




10. 


213,233,251, 


From recorded Excavations: 




230. 






386 ; figurine. 


1884. 119, 227, 286, 




ii. 7. 632, 634-5, 






462 ; bronzes. 


326, 400, 412-13, 




636-7. 






&c.: 571, 617, 


416. 




9. 221. 






623 a-c, 625, 


1884. I. 'Cylinder Grave': 




10. 81, 223. 






653, 680, cf. 


180,224,252,255, 




30. 75. 






630, 4502. 


260, 266, 4501. 













AMA THUS. 

Excavations of 1894. Cf. the Tomb Groups described pp. 175-8. 
* indicates that the Tomb Group is exhibited together. 



I. 


1004, 4832, 4839. 


44. 


799, 4465. 




4365, 4704, 4728, 


*4. 


982, 1037, 1039, 


47- 


3305, 3323. 




4736-7,4746,4754, 




1104-5, 4167. 


48. 


2869, 4752. 




4756-7,4760,4762, 


8. 


3801. 


ii- 


793. 




4775-7, 4784. 


*9- 


489, 490, 926. 


68- 


3023, 3029, 3097, 


100. 


1677, 4201, 4252, 


II. 


Tomb Group, p. 176. 




3545, 4264, 4462, 




4316, 4413. 


13- 


1180,2151, 4001 a, b. 




4703, 4721, ?4764, 


106. 


1062. 




4069, 4070, 4072- 




4778. 


107. 


4024, 4147, 4317, 




3, 4086, 4165-6, 


69- 


4082, 4088, 4160, 




4356,4410,4441-3, 




4360, 4453, 4562. 




4210-11 (4610-11). 




4727. 


17- 


2110. 


60. 


4068, 4361. 


no. 


(BM. cf. 1599.) 


18. 


2518. 


61. 


4048, 4094-5, 4345. 


118. 


1027. 


19. 


953 a, 2512, 2516, 


64. 


1166, 4463. 


120. 


2133. 




4002, 4013, 4138, 


70. 


3711. 


♦127. 


1229, 1686, 4117, 




4464, 4547. 


77- 


774. 




4255, 4349, 4412. 


20. 


916,930,1017,3083, 


*8o. 


cf. 1027, 1168-9, cf. 


128. 


2146. 




3311-13-15. 




1176, 1287-8, 8176, 


130. 


2147, 2528, 2868, 


25- 


1074. 




8188-9,4256,8354, 




4011, 4395, 4461, 


27. 


3353, 4707. 




4451-2. 




4561,4705-6,4708- 


28. 


1059 b, 3043, 3203, 


91. 


1638-9, 3076, 3750, 




11. 4729. 




3779, 4722, 4725, 




4254, 4260. 


*i47. 


1272-3. 




4742,4750-1,4758. 


93- 


1057 a, 1227. 


148. 


979. 


32- 


3307, 4780. 


97- 


cf. 1027, 1170, 1228, 


150. 


4763. 


39- 


1797. 




1289. 


151- 


cf. 1027. 


41- 


2108-9, 2520, 2524, 


98. 


1014-5, 1076 b, 1658, 


*i54- 


1676 a. 




4134. 




3513, 4168, 4362-3, 
P 2 


157- 


3345, 3351. 



212 




INDEX III. 


ipS. 3302, 4546, 4567, 


214. 


3510, 


4761, 4783. 


218. 


2867. 


i6i. 4455. 


221. 


936, 2517, 2526, 


165. 1057, 1167, 3780, 




2842, 4025, 4148, 


4014, 4121, 4124, 




4205 (4605), 4207, 


4351. 




4851. 


166. 1091,1176 c. 


224. 


771, 2530, 3725, 


170. 4093. 




4083. 


173. 3301. 


225. 


1127. 


176. 3325. 


232, 


1038, 2532, 4055, 


181. 3343. 




4065-6,4162,4601, 


182. 2128. 




4835. 


186. 1027 a, 3075, 3105, 


2.34- 


1090. 


3109, 3327, 3342, 


23.5- 


4149, 4466. 


3549, 4318, 4454, 


238. 


915, 958, 960-1, 


4759. 




1065 a. 


187. 1096, cf. 1092, 


24.5- 


4071. 


188. 2534. 


250. 


4467. 


189. 3193. 


*25I. 


914, 924a, 938,955, 


201. (BM. cf. 4563.) 




957, 984-5, 1089, 


202. 4007, 4212 (4612), 




1126, 1171-2, 1177, 


4265-7. 




1190, 3074, 3110, 


205. 736-69. 




3262, 3304, 4530. 


207. 980, 1069, 2409. 


254- 


736-69. 


213. 2514, 4046, 4067, 


259- 


3793. 


4209 (4609), 4391. 


260. 


959. 

ID A LION. 




Excavations of 1894. 


5. 1028. 


41. 4565. 


19. 1031. 


42. 4726, 4765. 


26. 2003,3517,3521,4010, 


43- 1067. 


4012, 4119-20, 4126, 


45. 4266, 4268-9. 


4187 (4587), 4372. 




1 



262, 4602, 4702,4753. 
275. 3261, 3263-4, 3299, 

3303, 4724, 4755. 
27S. 991, 1073, 8004, 

4833-4. 4836. 

279. 905 a, 925, 1007, 

1012, 1032. 

280. 921, 922, 2515. 
285. 1046, 4197. 

290. 2513, 2522, 3553, 
3724. 

293. 2503. 

294. 4049, 4092, 
296. 3195. 

305. 3337. 

306. 1802, 3781. 
309. 1691, 4769. 
Uncertain : — 

901 b, 1027, 1059 a, 
1068, 1175, 1178, 
1295, 2535, 2833, 
4026, 4123. 
Surface : — 

3623, 3922, 4102, 
4164, 4543-4, 



54, 986. 

65. 3758. 

76. 4470, 4701, 4781, 

78, 1023. 



KALOPSIDA. 
Excavations of 1894. 



I. 58. 

5, 229, 515-6. 

6. 493. 

9. 551, 553, 581, 587, 
10. 484, 517. 



11. 178, 281-3, 291, 296, 

331-3, 518-9, 622, 

12. 561-2, 586. 
18. 170. 

23. 319-21. 



24, 582-5. 
26. 486-7. 
32. 57. 

Uncertain : — 164. 
Surface : — 3013. 



KITION. 
Excavations of 1894. 



I, 3961, 

3. 8070. 

4. 8049. 

11. 2008. 

12. 2009, 2042. 
14. 2001. 

18. 2043, 2047. 
23. 2045-6, 2810 a, cf. 
2783-8. 



25. 2019. 
27. 2010, 
29. 1137. 

34. 2006. 

35. 2810 b, cf. 2783-8. 
37. 2007,4032. 

41. 4259, 

42. 2002. 



45, 2024, 2850, 3557-9, 
4091, 4097, 8058. 
8072, 4217, 

53. 1028 a. 

54. 1022, 4280. 
56. 2007 a. 
Uncertain : — 

1157, 2004-5, 3513. 



OF TOMB GROUPS FROM THE LARGER EXCAVATIONS. 213 



KURION. 
Excavations of 1883-6 and 1895. 



18S3. 969,971,1106,1141- 
2,1170,3605,3611. 

1883-4.1117, 1119, 1322. 

1S84. 1035-6,1107,2148, 
2157, 3524, 3531. 

1885. 3826-30. 

1886. 2536, 2790, 2811, 

3615, 3968, 4110- 
11-12, 4251, 4253, 



4260-2, 4303-5, 
4354, 4401-2, 

4404-9, 4883, 

4901. 
1895. 27. 467. 

46. 470 (celt). 
.51. 609 (plough- 

share). 
87. 469 (figurine). 



1895. 100. 466 (figurine). 

105. 468 
Unrecorded : — 

1108,1293-6,? 2051, 
3107, 3121, ?3145 
(v. Tamassos), 3171, 
4003, ? 4767-8, 
4825-9. 



6. 436, 439, 447, 448, 

449, 1131. 
12. 923, 941, 943, 954, 
962 a, cf. 971, 972- 
3, 975-6, 1029, 
1040-2, 1113, 1118, 



PAP HO S. 

Excavations of 1888. 

1123 a, 1124, 1128, 
1130 a-d, 1143, 

1162-3. 

E. 14. 942. 

17. 1000. 

19. 2491. 



20. 983, 1028 b. 

21. 935,992, 1114. 
CC. 1676. 

Aovpa rov Ka/^TjXou. 4054, 
4059, 4306. 



SAL AMIS. 



Without mark :— [573-4, 
580,583, 604-5], 2041, 
2089, 2096,2116, 2120, 
2142,3625,3825,3983, 
3986, 4550, 4571-8, 



Excavations of 1890-1. 

4732, 8013, 8071, 8263, 

4990, 4995. 
C. 18. 1690. 
C. 21 M. 3189. 
C. 24 j. 3355. 
C. Agora. 3675, 3691. 



C Loutron. 3339. 
G Toumba. 3265. 
Apr. 17. 3019-21. 

,, 18. 3011. 

„ 21. 3071. 

„ 26. 3139, 5833. 



TAMASSOS. 



II. 18. 990. 

29. 1093,1095. 

31. 952 a. 

32. 1071. 

35- nil. 

36. 989. 

40. 1005. 

41. 950 b, 994,1006. 
47. 1197. 

? 950 a. 
IV. (* = A on label). 
*2. 1592. 
3. 1112. 
*4. 4881. 
*ii. 3535. 
12. 1567. 
*I7. 3003. 
E.A.14. 8146. 
O. 3147. 



Excavations of 1885. 

Lamberti (BrA.) : — 

14. 179. 

15. 14436. 

29. 205. 

30. 125 a. 

31. 312. 
? 361. 

Khomazudia : — 

3. 344. 
(Warren 335) 2420. 
(Warren 341) 3145 (v. 

Kurion) 
(BrA. of uncertain proven- 
ance) : — 

147, 166, 183-5, 
492, 504, 520, 
524-5, 538-41, 
547, 556-7, 566, 
589, 598, 600 a, 



603 a, 610, 652, 
655. 
Gk. Ph. 928, 1122, 1542, 
2404,2417,3089, 
3137, 3145 (? Ku- 
rion), 3269-71, 
cf. 3317, 3341, 
3501-4, 3511-12, 
3537,3740,3754- 
5, 3834, 3911-2, 
3921, 3926 ff., 
4008,4213,4264, 
4272,4385,4439, 
4471 ff., 4496, 
4782-5, 4824, 
8003, 8007 ?, 

8012, 8014, 8018, 
8037,8048,8144, 
8265,8353,8355. 



214 



INDEX III. 



MARION ARSINOE {Poll). 



Excavations of 1886 



s 

12 

J3 



13 
14 
15 
16 

17 
17 

18 

18 

19 

20 
20 

21 



23 
24 
25 
25 
25 
26 



27 
28 

28 

29 

29 

30 

31 
32 

35 
38 
39 

41 

41 



I. 3905. 
III. 1226, 4019. 

I. 2092. 
III. 1901, 2067. 4801. 
I. 1210, 1267, 1601, 
1656,1688,3037- 
39-41. 
II. 1598, 1599. 
III. 1020, 1736. 
II. 1183, 3519. 
II. 1189, 3753. 
II. 1135 a. 
III. 1221.1723,1903-4, 

1921-9. 
II. 1008, 1101. 
III. 1740, 1931, 3528, 

6225. 
III. 1238, 1723, 1902, 

1905, 6226. 
II. 3144, 3255. 3257, 
3259,4184;4584). 
III. 1181, 1211, 1240, 
1663, 1667,1701, 
2407,3653,3703. 
III. 1724-5, 1776, 

1906-7, 1932-3, 
4192. 
III. 4133, 4175,4352. 
III. 4098, 4214, 4440. 
I. 1908, 3752. 
II. 4923. 
III. 1657. 
I. 1285, 1313, 1681, 
1703, 1706, 1714, 
1733, 1752-3, 
1764, 1791-3, 
1796, cf. 1865, 
1912, 1934-43, 
2091,3232,3256, 
3277, 3653. cf. 
3738, cf. 3913, 
4144, 4343. 
I. 1998. 
I. 1909. 
III. 1281, 3267. 

I. 1754. 
III. 1734-5, 1944. 
III. 1024, 1201, 1268, 

3129, 6227. 
III. 6228. 
I. 6223. 
III. 939. 
II. 1945. 
II. 1283, 1596, 1682, 

3283. 
[II] 1669, 2071, 2088, 

2112 a. 
II. 4100, 4208, 4411, 
4582,4791,4931, 
4941-2. 



J^.£^\ 


.^C* V 


<A\J^\JL1.0 V/X A.\~f*-/^^* 






^/ 


42 


III. 


4106, 4132. 


117 


I. 


1803, 2501, 24B8, 


44 


II. 


3127, 3177, 3328. 






3045-7, 3200, 


4.S 


II. 


1003. 






3204, 3361. 


48 


I. 


1223. 


118 


I. 


1610, 1672, 1728. 


49 


III. 


1726. 


124 


I. 


2068, 2082. 


50 


III. 


1595. 


124 


II. 


1019. 


51 


II. 


1585. 


125 


II. 


1718. 


52 


II. 


1543. 


126 


I. 


1208, 1251, 1268. 


54 


II. 


1781. 


127 


I. 


3293. 


56 


I. 


2094. 


133 


II. 


4141. 


57 


II. 


1284. 


^34 


II. 


3099, 3125, 4108. 


58 


I. 


1790. 


1.34 


.11] 


1652. 


58 


II. 


1594, 1606, 1756. 


135 


II. 


4468. 


59 


I. 


3077. 


142 


II. 


1704, cf. 3051, 


60 


I. 


1675, 1784, 1913. 






3059, 3185, 3931, 


61 


I. 


3253, 3297, 3643, 






4374. 






3726. 


144 


II. 


1558. 


68 


II. 


1623. 


146 


II. 


1080-1,1711,1731, 


71 


I. 


3032-3, 6224. 






1788, 1910, 1914, 


72 


I. 


3055, 3231. 






1967-71, 3181-83. 


72 


II. 


1271, 1276, 1277, 


147 


II. 


1569. 






1301, 1311-2, 


155 


II. 


944 a, 1094. 






1600,1655,1680, 


157 


II. 


8173. 






1713, 1721, 1727, 


158 


I. 


1629, 1660, 1673, 






1761,2421,1947- 






1692, 1771-2, 






57. 






1789, 1973-4, 


74 


I. 


1707. 






2080, 3738. 


74 


II. 


1983. 


159 


II. 


1571-2, 1587 a. 


75 


I. 


1659, 1671, 1679, 






1775, 3143, 3157. 






1765, 1785, 1961, 


164 


II. 


1570, 1684. 






3902, cf. 3057. 


168 


II. 


1025. 


76 


I. 


1708, 1783. 


171 


II. 


1576. 


76 


II. 


1556, 3770. 


176 


II. 


1628, 1972. 


77 


I. 


3155. 


177 


II. 


1575, 1582, 1618. 


78 


I. 


1709-11, 1755. 


178 


II. 


1732. 


79 


I. 


1958. 


182 


II. 


1705. 


82 


I. 


1786. 


200 


II. 


1593. 


83 


I. 


1762-3, 1959. 


206 


II. 


1610. 


85 


II. 


1023 a, 1674, 1774. 


210 


II. 


1513, 1625, 4146, 


88 


I, 


1236, 1321, 1714, 






4156. 






1782,1960,1962- 


214 


II. 


1554, 2099, 3602- 






5, 3057, 3601. 






3. 


89 


II. 


1715. 


215 


II. 


1626, 3769? 


91 


II. 


cf. 1556, 1722. 


216 


II. 


1541,1557,1578-9, 


92 


II. 


30. 






1608, cf. 1825, 


93 


I. 


2087, 3169,3179. 






4009 b, 


94 


I. 


1021, 1290. 


218 


II. 


1550. 


95 


I. 


1966. 


219 


II. 


1237. 


96 


I. 


1678, 1773. 


224 


II. 


4353. 


97 


I. 


1270. 


226 


I. 


1738, 1911. 


99 


II. 


6222. 


228 


II. 


1568, 1624. 


103 


I. 


4106. 


234 


[?] 


1619. 


106 


II. 


917, 1205, 1222, 


235 


II. 


1202. 






1225, 1252-60, 


239 


II. 


1204, 1207, 1209, 






1602, 1683,3132, 






1560-1, 1580-1, 






cf. 3144, 3156, 






1668, 1739, 1975, 






3284, 4588. 






3617, 4168. 


III 


II. 


1586, cf. 3057, 
3079-81, 3131, 
3141, 6221. 


244 


II. 


1559, 1562, 1564, 
1573-4, 4150, 
4190. 



OF TOMB GROUPS FROM THE LARGER EXCAVATIONS. 21 = 



253 II. 1810, 4823. 

256 II. 944. 

320 II. 1662. 

Uncertain: — 

919-20 a, 1072, 
1132, 1511-12, 
1603,1687,1689, 
1702, 1712, 1730, 
1741, 1930, 1946, 
1981-2, 2406, 
3524,3528,3613, 



3619, 3631-9, 
3701, 3709-10, 
3932, 3935 ff., 
3941-2, 3988, 
3990,4017,4018, 
4021,4029,4036- 
40, 4064, 4079, 
4096, 4107, 4113, 
4118, 4123, 4125, 
4127, 4131, 4139- 
40, 4152, 4154, 



4169-74, 4176- 
81, 4182, 4193-6, 
4198-9, 4200, 
4215, 4257-8, 
4271,4301,4344, 
4359,4364,4366- 
70, 4371, 4373-6, 
4378-9, 4380?, 
4394, 4396 ?, 

4581. 



Cyprus Exploration Fund: Excavations of 1889. 



B. 3045-7. 

C. 1685. 

D. 2415. 

E. 2089. 
G. 2411. 
I. 2092 a. 
J. 2098. 

O. 2143-4, 2126. 

S. ? 2129. 

B. 7. 1262. 
8. 1719. 



B. 9. 1666, 1716. 

11. 1737, 1980, 2410. 

12. 1203, 1206,1795. 

13. 1661. 

14. 3035. 
C. 25. 719. 
F. 13. 2416. 

16. 1224. 
19. 1583. 

25. 3273. 

26. 928 a. 



F. 31. 3329. 

K. 12. 1597, 1665, 1729. 

35. 1239, 1787. 

36. 3287. 
M. I. 4263. 

25. 1552. 
69. 4443. 
T. 2. 1554, 1565. 
Uncertain : — 

3505, 3607, 3621, 
3707, 3751, 3796. 



Cyprus Exploration Fund : Excavations of 1890. 



2. 1085. 

6. 1670. 

8. 1084. 
II. 1174. 
18. 981. 



22. 1730. 

25. 963,1807. 

26. 3281. 

27. 1742. 



36. 3295, 3309. 
41. 1741. 
45. 1577. 
79. 2052. 



INDEX IV. 

CONTAINING THE REFERENCE NUMBERS OF CYPRIOTE 
ANTIQUITIES IN OTHER MUSEUMS, AND OF OBJECTS 
IN THE CYPRUS MUSEUM WITH WHICH THEY ARE 
COMPARED. 

LONDON: BRITISH MUSEUM. 



B 



Vases :- 


— 


B.M. 


CM. 


B.M. 


Brit. M. 


Cj-pr. M. 


B. 3S8. 


1550 ff. 


C. 185-7. 


2. 


16. 


408. 


1554. 


188. 


4- 


41 ff. 


415-6. 


1556. 


189. 


5- 


1-4. 


422-3. 


1556. 


190. 


6. 


27 ff. 


458- 


1568. 


192-6. 


9- 


180 ff. 


567- 


1588 ff. 


198. 


lO. 


140 ff. 


572-3- 


1588 ff. 


199. 


11. 


51. 


579- 


1588 ff. 


200. 


12. 


186 ff. 


601-12 


1556. 


213, 


13. 


180 ff. 


659. 


1597. 


224-5. 


14-7. 


lllff. 


c. 5-6. 


301 ff. 


226. 


19-20 


63 ff. 


11-15 


48. 


227-30 


21-2. 


211. 


30. 


306. 


236-40 


27. 


209. 


33- 


334. 


240. 


28-9. 


203. 


45- 


346 ff. 


243- 


30. 


206. 


48-9. 


360 ff. 


250. 


3'- 


203. 


50- 


356 ff. 


262-4. 


36-7- 


7ff. 


55-7- 


368 ff. 


275-6. 


38. 


52. 


61. 


364-5. 


280. 


39- 


62. 


65. 


411 ff. 


300-6. 


40-5. 


63 ff. 


85. 


1033. 


310 ff. 


47- 


199. 


87-9. 


1034 ff. 


312. 


48. 


203. 


90-1, 


1039. 


319- 


49. 


63 ff. 


92. 


981. 


320- 


50. 


75 ff. 


99. 


901 ff. 


351- 


51- 


230. 


100. 


901 ff. 


352. 


.52. 


120 ff. 


102. 


901 ff. 


356ff- 


63-6. 


151 ff. 


104. 


004. 


363- 


58. 


252. 


106. 


1029 ff. 


365- 


61. 


251. 


112. 


1042, 1130. 


371- 


63. 


266. 


1 13-7- 


901 ff. 


372. 


66. 


255 a. 


116. 


1128. 


381-2. 


67-8. 


300. 


120. 


1050 a. 


382. 


73-4- 


281 ff. 


122. 


975-6. 


383- 


121. 


271 ff. 


129. 


2052. 


390-5. 


132. 


467 ff. 


140-6. 


1195-7. 


E, 269. 


134- 


402. 


1 60. 


1177 ff. 


722 ff. 


321-7- 


430 ff. 


164-6. 


951 ff. 


763. 


328. 


432 ff. 


167. 


1108. 


764. 


446. 


439. 


169. 


1185 ff. 


F. 32-4- 


iSi. 


1542. 


179-81. 


1026. 


96. 


274-7- 


1598. 


183. 


1006. 


119-20 



CM. 

977. 

1094, 

1093. 

1094. 

993. 

1092. 

1026. 

1043 ff. 

1053. 

1014 ff. 

1068. 

1027. 

1134 ff. 

1137. 

1157. 

1178. 

1170, 

1171-2, 

1174. 

914 ff. 

997 ff. 

981. 

1002. 

1073. 

1078. 

1077. 

1251 ff. 

1252. 

1251. 

1313. 

020 ff. 

923. 

027, 

938. 

2100-12. 

1662. 

1701 ff. 

1782 ff. 

1781. 

1701 ff, 

1652 a. 

1701 ff. 



CYPRIOTE ANTIQUITIES IN OTHER MUSEUMS. 



217 



B.M. CM. 


B.M. CM. 


G. 54 ff. 1771 ff. 


C 155. 3211 ff. 


69 ff, 1773. 


156. 3233. 


82 ff. 1792. 


Cypr. 120. 464. 


Terracottas : — 


Inventory Nos. : — 


A. 9, 10, 15, 18. 5571. 


56/12/23, 1746. 4891-3. 


A. 36-40. 5719 ff. 


68/7/5. 156. 2051. 


42-60. 3801 ff. 
59-70. 5801 ff. 


Tg"i6i' {4869,5957-62. 


B. 118 ff. 3017 ff. 


195. 4345. 


211-3. 3277. 


201. 4562. 


C. 154. 3235. 





B.M. 


CM. 


TG. 211. 


4582. 


94/1 i/i 


. 220. 


3195, 5860 




234- 


4365. 


96/2/1. 


76-7. 


709. 




81 ff. 


470. 




88. 


1098. 




89-9C 


.467. 


« 


131- 


5567. 




310. 


3611. 






1883. 



1876. 
1883. 



2123. 

257- 



252. 
1033, 1104 



SOUTH KENSINGTON MUSEUM. 

1883. 311. 2146. 11889. 432. 3095. 



CA MB RID GE : FITZ WILLI A M MUSEUM. 



2790. 

2790. 
2861 ff. 
2797-8. 
2726. 
2905. 
2783-8. 
2891 ff. 
2843 ff. 
2839. 
2802. 
2839. 
2807 ff. 



Vases :— 


1 


3i,fromSalamis, cf. 


2. 


cf. Cypr. Mus. 252. | 


32- „ 


Karpas- 


Uncat. 


?? 


967. 




sia, ,, 


Uncat. 


j> 


972-3. 


33- » 


Tremithus, ,, 


Uncat. 


j> 


989. 


38. „ 


Idalion, ,, 


12. 


s> 


1093. 


39- » 


Idalion, „ 


Glass : — 




43- .) 


Paphos, „ 


I. from Amathus, 


cf. 2790. 


55- » 


Idalion, ,, 


8. „ 


Tamassos, 


„ 2801. 


56. ,, 


Idalion, ,, 


11. „ 


Amathus, 


„ 2676. 


64, „ 


Golgoi, ,, 


18. „ 


Kurion, 


„ 2536. 


65. „ 


Golgoi, ,, 


21. ,, 


Salamis, 


„ 2733. 


70- .) 


Salamis, ,, 


25- .. 


Tremithus, 


„ 2833. 


77- » 


Tremithus, ,, 


26. „ 


Amathus, 


„ 2676. 


78. „ 


2 






IXFOR 


D:__A 


SHMOLE. 


Vases :- 




116, 


255 a, 


1-2. 


1-4. 




117. 


252, 


3. 


5-6, 




119. 


255. 


5-6. 


7 ff., 82. 




122. 


270. 


8. 


26. 




125-7. 


1029 ff. 


9-12. 


30 ff. 




126-9. 


271 ff. 


13. 


12 ft. 




131-3- 


259. 


15. 


16. 




141. 


296. 


16-17. 


17. 




142. 


297. 


18-20. 


20. 




143. 


293. 


22. 


180, 




144. 


294. 


31-49- 


63 ff. 




146. 


291. 


51- 


91. 




151-9, 


281 ff. 


56. 


58. 




181, 


300. 


70. 


188 ff. 




201. 


48, 


71. 


162-3. 




232. 


346 ff. 


73- 


172. 




236. 


360. 


75. 


165. 




247-5C 


). 388-9. 


77- 


167-8, 




291-2. 


301-2. 


79- 


170. 




401, 


1034 ff. 


80. 


174 ff. 




402 (A 


m.) 1102, 


102-3. 


lllff. 




411-12 


. 436. 


105. 


126 ff. 




41.3. 


447. 


no. 


54, 




415-6. 


2007 a. 


111-2. 


36, 267. 




418, 


1029 ff. 



84. 


FromPoli, cf 2520. 


86. 


J? 


Aphrodi- 

sion, ,, 2812. 


90, 




Poll, „ 2501. 


92, 




Idalion, „ 2693. 


93- 




Amathus, ,, 2513. 


104. 




Amathus, ,, 2513. 


112. 




Tremi- 
thus, ,, 2685. 


114. 




Soloi, „ 2726. 


U.S. 




Amathus, ,, 2905. 


118, 




Idalion, „ 2861 f 


121. 




Amathus and 
Marion, „ 2905. 



419, 


1028 a. 


423- 


937 b. 


425- 


921. 


426. 


967. 


429 a,b. 


962. 


431- 


953 b. 


433-4- 


947, 952 a, 1009 




11. 


435- 


953. 


436-7- 


963-4. 


442. 


972. 


443- 


1093. 


444, 


974, 1093, 


445- 


972-3. 


446. 


977. 


447- 


1098, 


448-63, 


987 ff. 


448-9. 


993, 


4.'^7-9- 


982, 


464. 


1014. 


467, 


1027. 


468-9. 


1024, 


471. 


1040. 


473- 


1043 ff. 


476. 


1062, 



2l8 



477-9- 


1049. 


487. 


1059 a. 


489 (Am 


.) 1057. 


490 '. 


1057 a. 


491 .. 


1058. 


500. 


1086. 


503. 


1137. 


505- 


1162. 


510-1. 


1171-2. 


521. 


901 c, 932. 





INDEX IV. 




527- 
530- 


059. 

1032. 


ir J --'^- 


531-2- 


981. 


573-7. 1251 ff. 


533-42 


997 ff. 


' ASHMOLEAN VaSES' NoS 


537. 


1002. 


V. 6. 174. 


555- 


1070. 


V. 43. 953 b. 


557- 


1078. 


V. 4>5. 947. 


558. 


1079. 


V. 47. 953. 


559- 


1080. 


V. 70. 174. 


565- 


1176. 





For miscellaneous objects see General Index, p. 190, s.v. Ashmolean Museum. 



PARIS: MUSEE DU LOUVRE. 



Vases :- 


1 




170. 


1070. 


[The letters refer to Salles 




174-5- 


997-9. 




A-M.] 




176-9. 


467 ff. 


A. 16. 


180 ff. 




iSo. 


1245. 


21. 


260. 




181-4. 


1201 ff. 


24. 


167-8. 




187 ff. 


1251 ff. 


27. 


63 ff. 




191-2. 


1253. 


32. 


360 ff. 




209. 


2001. 


33. 


346 ff. 




217-8. 


937 b. 


40-1. 


360 ff. 




223. 


929. 


45-6. 


301 ff. 




228. 


1023 a. 


47- 


386. 




229-30 


1022. 


72-3. 


12 ff. 




232. 


983. 


75. 


24 ff. 




2.^3- 


986. 


77- 


266-7. 




235- 


1501. 


78. 


252. 




243- 


1560. 


82. 


275-7. 




247-8. 


1313. 


85- 


255. 




253- 


1033, 1114. 


94- 


433. 




256. 


1698. 


95- 


368 ff. 




259- 


1840-8. 


97- 


1028 a. 




261. 


1855-64. 


99. 


953 b. ff. 


D. 


58. 


1042. 


101-3. 


951 ff. 


E. 


109. 


1541. 


105. 


1170. 




184. 


1541. 


107-8. 


901 ff. 




240. 


1567. 


110-2. 


901 ff. 


F. 


94- 


1557. 


119. 


1138. 




97- 


1556. 


121-2. 


1093. 




376. 


1543. 


124. 


1062. 




526 ff. 


1595. 


126. 


1028. 


H 


51 ff. 


1638-9. 


128. 


1124. 




96. 


1795. 


130- 


975-6. 




129. 


1796. 


133- 


972-4. 




333- 


1772. 


138. 


977. 




500. 


1736. 


139- 


987. 


K. 


62-3. 


1707. 


140. 


988, 1171. 




397. 


1781. 


141. 


1004. 




399- 


1782 ff. 


144. 


921. 


L. 


40. 


1596. 


148-50 


. 1027. 


M 


Langl 


Dis Coll. 3133, 


151. 


1093. 






4941. 


155. 


1115 ff. 


Myrina Collection : — 


156. 


1187. 




407. 


3361. 


157. 


948. 




477- 


2802. 


164-5. 


1081. 




530- 


2807. 


169. 


981. 




534- 


2844. 



Myr. 538. 


2891 ff. 


582. 


1689. 


Figurines : — 


[The references are to the 


Nos. and Plates of Heu- 


zey's Figurines Antiques 


du Louvre^ 


Chypre :■ 


-^ 


No. I. 


462. 


2. iv. 5. 


464-5. 


3. iv. 6. 


466. 


4- 


463. 


33-4- 


3341-5. 


ix. 3 


. 1195. 


48. X. 3. 


3293. 


P-73- 


4721-4. 


57-63- 


3001 ff., 5258 ff., 




5337ff.,5448ff. 


64-81. 


3035, 5445, 




5503 ff. 


78-9. 


5601 ff. 


82-3. 


3185 7. 


84-91. p. 


29. 5802 ff., Brit. 




A. 59-70. 


86. 


5601 ff. 


94-5- 


5521. 


96-7. 


5508. 


99- 


5528. 


101. 


5531. 


105-22. 


3001ff.,5258ff., 




5448 ff. 


109. vi. 5 


. 5548. 


123-131. 


5005-7, V. reff. 




C.M.C.p.3onl 


188. 


3301. 


Rhodes : — 




46-8. 


3017. 



Uncatalogued : — 
Salle A. 3145, 5529. 



For miscellaneous objects v. General Index, p. 200, s.v. Louvre. 



CYPRIOTE ANTIQUITIES IN OTHER MUSEUMS, 



219 



MUSEE DE SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE. 



13811, 

13815 
13960, 

13962. 
14031 
14381 
14384- 

14705. 
15136. 
1 5 140. 
15141. 
15145- 



625, 4471-9. 
505 ff. 
3745 ff. 
989. 

(Cesn.). 5113. 
3721. 
3745 ff. 
63 ff. 
2719-24. 
2902. 
2811. 
651 ff. 



15146- 


501 ff. 


18031 


(Cesn.). 


15149- 


533 ff. 


18038. 


5719. 


15150- 


565 ff. 


180S8. 


63 ff. 


I5I5S. 


703 ff. 


19961. 


1002. 


^5163- 


709. 


19965. 


255. 


I5I66. 


3095. 


21518. 


p. 48. 


I5I8I. 


4901-3. 


21562. 


921. 


I80I9. 


3737. 


23442. 


356 ff. 


18021. 


2733. 


23447- 


167-8. 


18026. 


1004. 


31291- 


346 ff. 


18027. 


1001. 


32669. 


2782. 



5402. 



BIBLIOTHEQUE NATION ALE. 



1600. 

1635-7- 


3721 ff. 
4871-5. 


2837, 
2878. 


j 4375. 


F. 6912. 
De Luyiies, 


3749. 

\ 4581. 


1734- 


1511. 


2893 ff 


. 4146. 


242. 


VIENNA : R 


'UNSTHISTORISCHE 


'6" MUSEUM. 


Saal VII. 


Schrank i. 


44- 


306 ff. 


74- 


1130 ft: 


No. I. cf. C 


. M. 194 ff. 


46. 


305. 


76- 


382 ff. 


2. 


7-11. 


47- 


437*. 




209 ff. 


6. 


467 ff. 


48. 


1008*. 


77- 


: 382 ff. 


7. 


23. 


49. 


271^. 


79- 


365. 


8. 


62 ff. 


50. 


431*. 


81. 


382 ff. 


9- 


120 ff. 


51- 


1062 ff. 


82. 


368 ff. 


11. 


63 ff. 


52- 


990t- 


85- 


P- 59, 1-3 


12, 


467 ff. 


54- 


901 ff. 


86. 


120 ff. 


14-5, 19- 


63 ff. 


56. 


301 ff. 


87. 


2089 ff. 


17-8. 


7-11. 


57- 


437*. 


88. 


997 ff. 


21. 


75 ff. 


59- 


987 ff. 


89. 


1009 ff. 


22, 26. 


24 ff. 


60. 


1008*. 


90. 


1072. 


24. 


44. 


6r. 


1029 ff. 


92-4. 


1124-5. 


27. 


266-7. 


63-4- 


1134 ff. 


96. 


987 ft". 


29. 


255-6. 


65-6. 


979. 


98. 


983. 


32- 


1239-40. 


67. 


342*. 
411ff.t 


103. 


252 a*. 


36. 


668 ff. 


105. 


914 ff. 


37. 


966 ff. 


68. 


360 ff. 


106. 


982-3. 


38. 


952. 


69. 


1063 ff. 


107. 


2107. 


39- 


346 ff. 


70. 


402. 


108. 


2100-1. 


40. 


452. 


71- 


1058. 


1895 additional, 230. 


41. 


980. 




203 ff.* 
306ff.t 






42. 


430. 


72. 






43. 


346 ff. 


73- 


952. 






Saal IX. 


Schrank i. 


9. C. M. 3253 ff. 


19,23. CM 


. 5001 


I. C. 


M. 462. 


10. 


5520. 




(head). 


2. 


464-5. 


17- 


3351 ff. 


20. 


5652 ff. 


5- 


5703. 


Saal IX. 


Schrank vii. 


21. 


5604 ft". 


6. 


5315 ff. 


16, 1 8. C. 


M. 5129 ff., 


26-7. 


5274 ff. 


7- 


6001 ff. 




5795 ff. 


36. 


5112 ff. 


* 


in form only. 




t in technique 


or ornament only. 



INDEX V. 



OF REFERENCES TO THE PRINCIPAL PUBLICATIONS 



OF CYPRIOTE ANTIQUITIES. 



Salomon Reinach, Chroniques d'Orieni, i. 



p. 171. C.M.C. 6212. 



179. 


II. 


187. 


I, 465. 


189. 


I, 2, 42, 44. 


197. 


12. 


198. 


2. 


199. 


3,8, 11,81, 175,1501. 


220-38. 


8. 


268. 


105, 2861, 2866-7. 


269. 


100. 


294. 


12. 



295. 


100, 106, 2999. 


303- 


10. 


357- 
5.56. 
642. 


10, 

Paphos, Amargetti, Poli 

Salamis. 


644. 
703- 


Poli. 
Salamis. 


704. 


Tamassos. 


704. 

705-6 

706. 


Poli. 

Paphos. 

Kurion : gem from. 



A. P. Di Cesnola, Salaminia. 



PI. ii. 10. 


4343. 


II. 


4032. 


iv. 2 B. 


3786. 


8 A. 


594. 


8C. 


604. 


9E. 


3749. 


10. 


3613. 


V. 9. 


3924. 


vi. 13. 


3965. 


XX. 14. 


2165. 


18, 20 


2146. 


fig. 9, 12. 


132. 



19. 


4074. 


23- 


4028. 


26. 


4028. 


54- 


3848-9 


56. 


3561-8. 


77- 


636. 


159- 


2861 ff. 


248. 


2051. 


252. 


25. 


96. 


11. 


226. 


25. 


270. 


38. 



Journal of Helleyiic Studies. 



.viii. 74. fig. 17. 


cf. 4824. 


Vol. xi. 200. 4054, 4159, 


ix. 274. 


glass bowl covers. 


4306. 


PI. V. 7. 


4378. 


PI. V. I. 4251. 


II. 


4343-9. 


2. 4851. 


xi. 52. 


3035. 


3. 4115. 


54 co- 


4581. 


PI. X. cf. 5992. 


ns (6). 


6922. 


xii. 116, PI. ix, X. p. 161. 


"5(7). 


5921. 


149, fig. 8. 5801. 


115 (10). 


5924. 


155. 6822. 


"5 (12% 


5923. 


156, fig. 9. 5802. 


160-170. 


p. 174. 


159, fig. II. 5845. 


171. 


p. 162. 


160. 5825. 
234. 4441-3. 



PRINCIPAL PUBLICATIONS OF CYPRIOTE ANTIQUITIES. 221 



xu. 309. 


1670. 


313. 


PL XV. 4008, 4013. 


314. 


XV. 4378, Poll, 




4i,C.E.F. 


314. 


1577, 1669, 




3613. 


315, 


fig. 2, PI. xiv. cf, 1698. 


319, 


fig. 4. 6201. 


324-5? 


fig. 5. 6204. 


324-5? 


fig. 6. 3227. 


326. 


1689. 



XVll, 



137, 

1 70-1. 

152-3? 
164-9, 
164-9, 

147-52, 

149. 

150-1. 



fig- 



1-2. 



fig. 9. 
fig- 3-5. 
fig- 15- 

fig- 7-8. 
fig. 6. 

fig. 7-8. 



152-64. fig. 10-14 



Ag. Paraskevl. 
Bdtsalos. 
Hassan Effhidi. 
Kalopsida. 
Ka7nelargh. 
Lakshh tu Riii. 
Larnaka. 
270, 183. 
Ttirabl. 



160. ' fig. 13-14. 2001 ff. 
171. Zdnikas. 



Max Ohnefalsch Richter, Kypros, the Bible, and Homer. 



Frontispiece, 8 a. 


p. 61. 


Plate xcviii. i. 


434-5. 


p. 456. 


1501. 


cix. II. 


1556. 


P 497- 


1603. 


ex. 5. 


3337-9. 


fig- 37-8. 


1184. 


6. 


3259. 


fig. 236. 


cf. 4581. 


cxvii. 


6301-6. 


Plate iv-ix. 


p. 141. 


cxviii. I. 


1704. 


xii. 1-3, 12 


. 3113-5. 


2. 


1705. 


xiii. 3. 


cf. 5006. 


cxxxvii. 5 a. 


300. 


XX vi. 


6301-6. 


cxlii. 5 b. 


cf. 3147. 


xxxii. 29. 


4582. 


cxliii. I A, B. 


598. 


30. 


4584. 


2 A,B. 


599. 


38. 


P- 135- 


4A,B. 


591. 


xxxiii. 1 6. 


4376. 


5-6. 


4015. 


17- 


4410. 


8. 


223. 


21. 


4378. 


8 A. 


610. 


*3- 


4375. 


cxliv. 4. 


4354. 


xxxvii. 6. 


464. 


13- 


4343-9. 


xl. 1-2. 


5048. 


cxlv. 


3351-5. 


3- 


5036. 


cxlvi. 3B. 


462. 


4-5- 


5050. 


5B. 


4502. 


xli. I. 


5022. 


9A,B. 


481 ff. 


3- 


5023, 5036. 


cxlvii. 2. 


182, 434-5. 


4- 


5008. 


5 c. 


177. 


5- 


5003. 


cxlviii. 2. 


20-5. 


6. 


5004. 


5 a. 


13. 


7- 


5019. 


9 a. 


463. 


8. 


5053. 


10. 


219. 


xlii. I. 


5051. 


cxlix. II. 


708. 


2. 


5002, 5052. 


15. 


44. 


5- 


5136. 


15 e. 


225. 


6. 


5001. 


18, 20. 


491. 


8. 


5009. 


cl. 2. 


60L 


xliii. 8-10. 


3613. 


cli. 6,10,13 


, 15, 1 7.630 ff., 4471- 


xlviii. 4. 


5398. 


35- 


p. 127. 


Iviii-ix. 


6301-6. 


clii. 3. 


203. 


Ixiii. 


1173. 


4- 


432. 


Ixiv. 6. 


1173. 


18. 


1501. 


Ixv. 


2770, 2800, 2808, 


clvi. 4. 


965. 




2843, 2851, 2899, 


clvii. 2. 


387. 




2902, cf. 2802. 


2 a. 


1128. 


Ixvi. I. 


2866. 


2d. 


442. 


4- 


2862. 


10. 


227. 


5- 


2861. 


clxiii. 


6301-6. 


6. 


2867. 


clxviii. 4 a. 


194 ff. 


Ixvii. 12. 


4354-7. 


clxix. 6d. 


81. 


13. 


4417. 


clxx. 9 c. 


411. 


Ixx. 4. 


4501. 


10. 


415. 


Ixxviii. I, 13. 


5571. 


10 a. 


412. 


Ixxxvi. 


462. 


clxxi. 14. 


4501, p. 57, 180. 


xcii. 


141, cf. 3163. 


17-8. 


p. 58. 



222 




INDEX V. 






Plate clxxii. 


15 1- 


425. 


Plate clxxxii. 


50. 


4801. 




17 t. 


466. 


clxxxiii. 


3- 


1719. < rg 7 

1704. / 


clxxiii. 


19b. 


1034. 




4- 




19 e. 


952 a. 




6- 


1705. 




19 h. 


3145. 




22 a,b. 


634-5. 




20 p. 


462. 


clxxxiv. 


2. 


1568. 




23 a. 


463. 


clxxxvi-vii. 




3211 50. 


clxxviii. 


3- 


p. 60. 


cxcvii. 


I. 


5599. 


cl-xxxii. 


I. 


8003. 




4-5- 


6163. 




7. 


4009. 


cxcviii. 


2. 


6212. 




8. 


4028. 


ccii. 


3- 


3121. 




9- 


4015. 


cciii. 


3- 


3031. 




IS- 


4029. 


ccvi. 


5- 


3107. 




17- 


4374 a. 


ccviii. 


I. 


3171-3. 




18. 


4365. 


ccx. 


7- 


4364. 




19. 


4098. 




12-14. 


6051-2. 




20. 


4941. 




20. 


3091. 




21. 


4100. 


ccxiii. 


5- 


3930. 




22. 


4394. 




5 b. 


3931. 




23- 


4374. 


ccxv. 


2 a. 


5006. 




26. 


4376. 




7- 


5054. 




27. 


4942. 


ccxvi. 


8. 


990. 




28. 


4931. 




13- 


p. 186. 




31- 


4106. 




21-2. 


92. 




33- 


4343-9. 




28. 


1251. 




34- 


4182. 




29. 


261. 




37- 


4351. 


ccxvii. 


9- 


4377. 




38-9- 


4151 ff. 




12. 


4393. 




40. 


4150. 




20. 


4074. 




43- 


4588. 












T. B. Sandwith, 


Archaeologia, xlv. 




Plate 


ix. 2. 


cf. 203 ff. 


Plate 


X. 5. 


cf. 1093. 




3- 


,, 255 a. 




xi. 2. 


„ 1070 ff 




4- 


„ 7ff. 




3- 


„ 901 ff. 




6. 


„ 20 ff. 


xii. 3. 


„ 1094 ff. 




8. 


„ 346 ff 




4- 


„ 996. 




X. 2. 


„ 305. 


xiii. I. 


„ 1128. 




4- 


„ 466. 









Mitth. d. K. K. Deutschen Archaeol. Inst.: Athenische Abth. (=Mitth. Ath.). 



Vol. 



vi. p. 224 (0-R). 


2163-4. 


Vol.xi. 


Beilage i. 8. 




26, 


ix.p. I27ff. (O-R). 


p. 141 ff. 






9- 




386. 


p. I .^0, fig. 1 . 


5004. 






II. 




546. 


p. 131 „ 2. 


5001. 






12. 




657 ff. 


PI. iv. I. 


5003. 






14. 




551 ff. 


2. 


5008. 






16. 




505 ff. 


3- 


5023. 






ii. 4. 




177. 


4- 


5022. 






9- 




92. 


5- 


5036. 






10. 




200. 


xi. p. 216-7 (F. Diimmler) 


634 ff. 






14. 




261. 


Beilage i. i. 


182. 






iii. I. 




225. 


5- 


180. 






5- 




44. 


6. 


215. 


xii 


• P- 


18 ff. (F. 


Diimmler) 


4824. 


7- 


219. 




P- 


286 




3145. 



G. Perrot and C. Chipiez, Hisloire de I' Art dans V Antiquiie. 



Vol. ii. fig. 319, cf. 4824. 



iii. fig. 293, 
fig- 303, 
fig- 317, 



4869. 
4009. 
4378. 



Vol. iii. fig. 320, 

figs. 507, 

523, 



cf. 4251. 
„ 1157. 



Vol. iii. fig. 595, cf. 4824. 
vi- fig- 3i9> » 501. 



INDEX VI. 

OF MUTILATED NAMES, ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY 
BY THEIR INITIALS AND TERMINALS. 



Initials :— 




■A7- 


2251. 


AtV- 


2202. 


'A///:- 


2266. 


'ApiffT- 


2219, 2255. 


'Apxo- 


2206. 


'Apxl ]\at[ 


2235. 


'Ato- 


2204. 


Avjj.- 


2310. 


Ban- 


2250. 


Tov- 


2280. 


Aaficuv- 


2275. 


Aafiaiva- 


2210. 


Aiatco- 


p. 95 n. ^. 


EI. 


1712. 


'Ettq- 


2276. 


'Epfiia- 


2278. 


"EvKpa- 


p. 95n.ff. 


■Hp- 


2279. 


0e[ Ivos 


2242. 


@e(T{x- 


2280. 



"Kpe- 


2242. 


N. 


1554. 


Bevo- 


2292. 


n. 


1653. 


na- 


2237. 


no\- 


2295. 


^eva- 


2297. 


2t- 


2298. 


2cu- 


2255. 


T(/z[ ]w[ 


2291. 


#/)- 


2355. 


N.B. Cf. the Graffiti, ( 


Medial : — 




-/xoA.- 


2287. 


Terminals 





-A:/)dT€ia 


5146. 


-afiaiv 


2312. 


-paf 


2296. 


-aTa«A.^s 


2215. 


-:«\[ ] 


2241. 



-A"?y 


2241. 


-Oe/ijs 


5391. 


-atoy 


2233. 


-Ulailos 


2301. 


Na[ -]ioj 


2288. 


-a/iios 


2206. 


-€/«oy 


2279. 


-afxirpios 


2267. 


-iaios 


2249. 


-TIOS 


2251. 


-tA. ]oj 


2235. 


-aixos 


2252, 2281 


-wSafios 


2261. 


Qe[ ']vos 


2242. 


-iv[^ ]vos 


2207. 


tflK-pl-XOS 


2289. 


-VfVS 


2249. 


•fvtvs 


2217. 


-ovevs 


2236, 


-lepevs 


2231. 



INDEX VII. 

GIVING ALL TH EOLD N UMBERS. FOUND AFFIXED TO OBJECTS 
IN THE CYPRUS MUSEUM IN 1894 ; TOGETHER WITH 
THE NUMBERS UNDER WHICH THE SAME OBJECTS 
STAND IN THIS CATALOGUE. 



Old Nos. 
28 = 
40 = 

137 = 
141 = 
152 = 

157 = 
358 = 
393 = 
422 = 
422 = 

426 — 

427 = 

428 = 
433 = 

435 = 

436 = 
440 = 
443 = 
449 = 

455 = 

456 - 

457 ^- 

458 = 

459 = 

460 = 

464 = 
471 = 
478 = 

481 = 

482 = 



New Nos. 
2294. 
2275. 
1136. 
1158. 
947 a. 
3135. 
1018 a. 
1181 a. 
3111. 
3285. 
3031. 
3191. 
3121. 
3145. 
3165. 
3119. 
3005. 
3031. 
3091. 
918. 
1293. 
1294. 
1295. 
1296. 
1322. 
2051. 
2118. 
1043. 
1119. 
1120. 



Old Nos. 

484 = 

485 = 
491 = 

493 = 

495 = 

496 = 

497 = 
5S6 = 

692 = 

695 = 

696 = 

697 = 

702 = 

703 = 
706 = 
706 = 

712 = 

713 = 
715 = 

718 = 

719 = 
724 = 
728 = 

749 = 

750 = 
758 = 
760 = 

774 = 

781 = 

782 = 



New Nos. 
1108. 
1117. 
988. 
912. 
969. 
977,978. 
931. 
505-14. 
2102. 
1070. 
1501. 
387. 
911. 
907. 
904. 
937. 
932. 
933. 
927. 
902. 
903. 
276. 
987. 
1651. 
970. 
974. 
971. 
906. 
948. 
909. 



Old Nos. 
782 = 

795 = 

797 = 
800 = 

806 = 

807 = 

809 = 

810 = 

815 = 
827 = 
831 = 

843 = 

844 = 

845 = 
878 = 

907 = 

908 = 
916 = 
944 = 

952 = 

953 ^■ 
962 = 
968 = 
970 = 
981 = 

1075 = 

1499 = 

1500 = 
1515 = 
1541 = 



New Nos. 

953 b. 

2083. 

2095. 

1068. 

2417. 

2408. 

2471. 

2472. 

2090. 

1026 a. 

2135. 

2148. 

964. 

1135 b. 

2419. 

2103. 

2153. 

2062. 

2071. 

2065. 

2101. 

2107. 

2086. 

926 b. 

3093. 

2166. 

531. 
: 533. 
: 564. 
= 116. 



Old Nos. 
1553 = 
1553 = 
1559 = 
1608 ^ 
1612 - 
1725 = 

1767 ^ 

1768 = 
1772 = 
1920 = 
1938 = 
1952 = 
1981 = 

27.39 = 
5003 = 

5007 = 

5008 = 

5009 ■- 
5012 = 

5020 : 
5025 = 
5028 : 

5035 ' 

50.36 

5044 

5045 

5046 

5047 
5048 : 

5049 



New Nos. 
114. 
563. 
286. 
412. 
413. 
1145. 
1184. 
113. 
1129. 
61. 
56. 
204. 
554. 
1045. 
13. 
14. 
2. 
3. 
84. 
51. 
223. 
255 a. 
219. 
215. 
654. 
485. 
501. 
505-14. 
552. 
583-4. 



Cyprus Museum Catalogue 



Plate I 



A. Physical 

Drawn by B. V. Darbishire 




^ 



Cyprus Museum Catalogue 



Plate II 




BRONZE AGE POTTERY : UNPAINTED 

Scale ^ ' 



Cyprus Museum Catalogue 



Plate III 




\ "^^'^ '' • 



A 

I p «^ l'\/U,if j BRONZE AGE POTTERY, ETC. 

Scale 301-448 (f) ; 462-4, 3145 H) ; 501-599 (i) ; 630 633, 709 {{) 
636, 651-703, 73a (i) 



Cyprus Museum Catalogue 



Plate IV 




(;raeco-phoenician pottery 

Scale ^ 



Cyprus Museum Catalogue 



Plate V 




GRAECO-PHOENICIAN POTTERY (continued.) 
Scale tV 



Cyprus Miseum Catalogue 



Plate VI 



3233 (A) 




LJIA 



5503 (i) 5525 (i; 5538 'i 





5992 (iV> 



5577 ii) 



6311 (iV) 



SCULPTURE AND TERRACOTTAS 
Scale as shown 



Cyprus Museum Catalogue 



Plate Vfl 




43J6 



JEWfclLLERY 
Scale ^ 



Cvi'Ris MusKUM Catai.O{;uf. 



Platf VIII 




^-^ 2352 2353 













»)53 




6307 



ENC.RAVKD STONKS. INSCRIPTIONS FTC- 
Scale }, except 5577 (^) ; 6232 (|) ; 5951 ff. Jj) 



IO/6/99 



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