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Full text of "Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalænæ in the British museum"

PRESET TEr> 



OF 

THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 



"H. 



£^, y CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



LEPIDOPTERA PHALiEN^ 



B 11 1 T I S H MUSEUM^ 

(m^ j4^st) Deft. '^ 9^"'^ 



VOLUME IX. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 

iOlO. 

{All riglits reserved.) 



.<^^ 



^^sonian Insf//^. 



■57. \ 



<J IViAY 19i-i|^ 






CATALOGUE 



N C T U I D Ji 



COLLECTION 



BPtlTISH MUSEUM. 



Sir GEORGE F. HAMPSON, Bart. 



LONDON: 
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 

SOLD BY 

LOIfGlIA.NS & Co., 39 PATERNOSTER ROW, E.C.; 

B. QUARITCn, 11 GRAETON STREET, NEW BOND STREET, W.; 

DULAU & Co., Ltd., 37 SOHO SQUARE, W. : 

AND AT THE 
BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL HISTORY), CROMWELL ROAD, S. W. 

1910. 



PKINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, 
RED LION COUUr, FLEET STKEET. 



PREFACE. 



The subject of Vol. IX. of the ' Catalogue of Moths ' is the third 
and final part of the verj'- large Noctuid subfamily Acronyctince ; 
it contains 725 species belonging to 185 genera as compared 
with 843 species belonging to 96 genera in Vol. VII., and 7-0 
species belonging to 104 genera in Vol. VIII. 

The comparatively short list of unrecognised species belonging 
to the subfamily, at the end of the Volume, is evidence of the 
ready help given to Sir George Hampson by the loan of types and 
specimens by Entomologists interested in the subject. 

A large proportion of the species included in this list were 
described by the older authors and the types are lost. 

Plate CXLVIII. will appear with Vol. X. of the Catalogue. 



SIDNEY F. HARMEE, 

British Museum (Natural History), Keej)er of Zoolofjy. 

January 21st, 1910. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



rage 

Fam. NOCTUID.E J 

Subfaui. ACRONYCTINiE . . 1 

Tumidifrontia, TImpsn 18 

4-'^)l]. castaneotincta, Hmpsn. 18 

Ldpliotvna, Hmpsn 19 

4312. albii-ena (3/oore) 19 

Gortyna, Treit 20 

4313. ja})onica (Leech) 20 

4314 dolia (Fimf/.) 21 

431o. retis (Grof'e) 22 

4316. caduca (Grofe) 23 

4317. reiiiformis (Grate) .... 23 

4318. leucostigma {Hiibn.) . . 24 
Apamea, Ochs 25 

4319. biitleri, Leech 20 

4320. velata. Wlk 20 

4321. nictitans (Linn.) 27 

4322. ochreola (Sfmul.) 29 

^323. senilis (Smith) 29 

4324. lunata, Smith 29 

4325. erepta ( Grotc) 30 

Achatodes, Giien 30 

4326. zere (Harr.) 31 

4327. juauEe, Sehaus 32 

Xanthcecia, JLvipsn 32 

4328. buffaloensis (Grute) 33 

4329. flavao-o (Schif.) 33 

Hvdroecia, Dup 35 

4330. serrata (Grate) 35 

4331. osseola, Staud 36 

4332. hucherardi, Mah 3(> 

4333. pallescens, Smith 37 

4334. medialis, Smith 37 

4335. cervap:o (Ev.) 38 

4336. obiiqua (Harv ) 39 

4337. puenaeleri, Turati .... 39 

4338. soiio-arife, Alph 40 

43-">9. iniiiianis, Giun 41 



4340. petasitis, Douhl 41 

4341. aniurensis, Staud ^'2, 

4342. micacea \Esp.) 43 

4343. perobliqua, Ilmjisn 44 

4344. strameutosa, Guen 44 

4345. diplocyuia, Hmpsn 45 

4346. juvenilis (Cro^e) 45 

4347. mcesiaca (Jlerr.-Schiiff'.). 46 

4348. leucograpba (Borkh.) . . 46 

4349. xantbenes ( Germ. ) . . . . 47 

4350. fortis (Sntl.) .' 48 

4351. basalipunetata (Grces.) . 49 
Brachyxanthia, Butl 50 

4352. zeloUpa (Led.) 50 

Rbodcecia, IJmpsn 51 

4353. aurnntiago (Gveyi.) .... 51 
Pj'ZThia, Biihn 52 

4354. ti-fitschcei (IV/f.) .... 52 

4355. victoiina (Sodof.<hij) . . 53 

4356. puvpiirina (E-'ip.) ...... 53 

4357. umbra (Iliifn.) 54 

4358. stilla, Grote 56 

Calloecia, Hmpsn 56 

4359. svinhoei [Butl.) 56 

Erytbrcecia, Hmpsn 57 

4360. suavis (H. Edw.) 57 

4361. rbodopbora, Hnipsn. . . 58 
Copifrontia, Hmpsn 58 

4362. xantberytbra, 7/j»7W«.. . 58 
EmbolcBcia, Hmpsn 59 

4363. sauzalitai ( Grote) 60 

Papaipeiua, Smith 60 

4364. appassionata (LLurv.) . . 63 

4365. cerina (Grote) 64 

4366. iiiqusesita ( Grote) 64 

4367. speciosissima (Grute lif 

Bob.) 65 

4368. stenoscelis (Dyar) .... 65 

4369. uephrasyutbeta [Diiur) . 66 

4370. niarjiinidens (Guen.) . . 66 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 
Papaipema (cun.). 

4371. baptisi* (Bird) 67 

4372. furcata (Smith) 6S 

4373. clrcumlucens (Sniifh) . . 68 

4374. rutila (Gue7i}. 69 

4375. ochroptena (Dyctr) .... 70 

4376. meiTiccata, Bird 70 

4377. insulidens (Bird) 71 

4378. angelica {Smith) 71 

4379. astuta, Bird 72 

4380. arctivorens, Hmpun 73 

4381. liarrisi [Grote) 73 

4382. impecimiosa (Grote) . . 74 

4383. \-grona (Sinith) 75 

4384. limata, Bird 76 

4385. latia (Streck ) 76 

4386. purpiirifascia (Grote c^- 

Rob.) 76 

4387. anargvrea (l)yar) .... 77 

4388. ptevisii, Bird 78 

4389. rio'ida (Grote) 78 

4390. duovata (Bird) 79 

4391. catapliracta (Gmte) 80 

4392. imperspicua. Bird .... 80 

4393. uuimoda (Smith) 81 

4.394. aveme (Zipnan) 81 

4395. nelita (Streck.) 82 

4396. frigida (SmM^ 82 

4397. cerussata (Grote) 83 

4398. sciata (Bird) 84 

4399. limpida (Gue>i.) 85 

4400. nebvis (Guen.) 85 

4401. duplicata (Pird) 86 

44(»2. maritiiim. Bird 87 

4403. eupatorii (Lj/nia?i.) .... 87 

4404. necopina (Grote) 88 

4405. imperturbata, Bird .... 88 
Ogdoconta, But! 89 

4406. muscula (Scham) 89 

4407. carnenla (Smith) 90 

4408. ciuereola (Guen.) 90 

4409. moreno, Barnes 91 

4410. tacna (Barnes) 91 

4411. lilacina(Z)/v<c^) 92 

4412. cvmographa, Hmpan. . . 92 
Geroda, Wlk 93 

4413. cornifera ( Wlk) 93 

4414. excisa (B. JoneA 94 

4415. leucocycla, Druce 94 

4416. xeneusalis, Wlk 95 

Macapta, Schaus 96 

4417. bruma (Schaus) 96 

4418. psectrocera, H»i />■■<». . . 97 

441 9. rubrescens (Sehaus ) . . . . 97 

4420. carnescens (Sehaus) .... 98 

4421. lurida (Schaus) 99 



Pasre 

4422. niveigiitta (Schaus) 99 

4423. nebula (Schaus) 100 

4424. mursa (Schaus) 100 

44i!5. marginata (Schaifs) .... 101 

4426. holophfea, Dritce 101 

4427. albivitta, H?npsn 102 

4428. dileuca, Hmpsn 102 

Selicanis, Smith 103 

4429. cinereola, *S'w»V/i 103 

Stibadiura, Grote 104 

4430. olvello, Barnes 105 

4431. concinu a, Z)vf/r 105 

4432. laodaraia (Druce) 105 

4433. curiosa, Neum 106 

44.33 «. re<oluta (Di/ar) 527 

4434. ochroa, Barnes 106 

4435. aureola, H. Edw 107 

4436. spum()>a. Grote 107 

4437. manti, Barnes 108 

4438. corazona, Sehans 108 

4438 a. psamathochronia, 

D>/ar 528 

4439. jalada,' Schaus 109 

4439 «. crenulosa, Di/ar 528 

4440. navia (Harv.) 109 

Cvtocanis, Hmpsn 110 

4441. denticulosa (Wlk.) .... 110 
Eulymnia, Hmpsn Ill 

4442. ^vXchervima, (Hmpsn.) . . Ill 
Ethioterpia, if?«;js?2 112 

4443. neavi, Hmpsn 112 

Emargiuea, Guen 11.3 

4444^ couibu.sta ( Wlk.) 113 

4445. gammophora, Guen. . . 114 

4446. oleagina (Dor/nin) .... 115 

4447. nipboplaga, Druce .... 115 

4448. percara (Morr.) 116 

4449. quadrate (Smith) 117 

4450. ocbracea (Smith) 118 

4451. pallida (Smith) 118 

Brvolyninia, Hmpsn 119 

4452. floccifera (Mnsehl.) 119 

4453. ronia (Druce) li'O 

4454. forreri (Druce) 121 

4455. bicon (Druce) 122 

4456. atriceps (Druce) 122 

4457. viridiraedia CiS'^/M) ..123 

4458. pioturata (Schaus) 1 24 

Gonostygia, Hm2)i^n 124 

4459. agonax (Druce) 124 

Atinioea, Hmpsn 125 

4460. pictura (Saalm.) 125 

4461. crescentica, Hmp.on. . . 126 
Leucosigtna, Hmpsn 127 

4462. uncifera. Druce 1 27 

Calymniodes, Hmpsn 128 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

44G.3. basicaniea ( 7r77v.) 128 

4464. rliodopis, Dnwe 130 

4465. leucograplia, Hmpsn. . . 130 

4466. promeiitoria, Doyn 131 

4467. obconica, Bruce 132 

4468. grandimacula {Guen.) . . 132 

4469. oliveata, Hnipsii 133 

4470. mastoides, 7/;»^>'H 133 

4471. bilineata (Mssn.) 134 

4472. rufula, Doqn 135 

4473. xanthia {B. Jones) 1-35 

4474. infirraa {Schaus) 136 

4475. co\\c\\y\h {6 uen.) .... 136 

4476. acama's {Hen:-Schiiff.) . 137 

4477. pvrostrota, Boyn 137 

4478. turcica, Bruce 138 

4479. orbica, Hmpsm 139 

4480. latifascia ( Wlk.) 140 

4481. mesochi'oa, Hnipsti 141 

4482. albiorbis, Bruce 141 

4483. ampliplao-a ( JVm.) 142 

4484. nasvia {Ouen.} 143 

4-J85. inelagoua, Hmpun 143 

4486. a.periens ( Wlk.) 144 

4487. pavta (S'c/iau.^) 145 

4488. dislocata ( JVlk.) 145 

4489. retracta, Hmpm 146 

4490. fnscoma. (Sc/iau.'i) .... 147 
Ipiinorpba, Hilhn 147 

4491. retiisa {Liim.) 148 

4492. pleonectusa, Grote .... 149 

4493. subvexa, Grote 150 

4494. nauaimo, Barnes 151 

4495. subtusa [Schlff.) 151 

Meristis, Hilbn , 152 

4496. trigiammica {Hilbn.) . . 152 
Trichocosmia, Grute 153 

4497. inornata, Grote 153 

Bagisara, Wlk 154 

4498. subusta (Ilubn.) 154 

4499. obscura, Hmpsn 156 

4500. rectifascia ((rroi'f) .... 156 

4501. paulensis [Schaus) .... 156 

4502. buxea ( Grote) 157 

4503. delicia (Biiar) 157 

4504. patula (Bruce) 158 

Gonelydna, Hmpsn 527 

4504 a. acutangula, Hmj^sn. . . 529 

Elydna, Wlh 158 

4505. bosca {Stvinh.) 159 

4506. plagiata ( Wlk.') 159 

4507. incrassata ( Wlk.) 160 

4508. tristicta (Hmp.sn.) 161 

4509. guluare (StrecA:) 162 

4510. laverna (Bruce) 162 

4511. nialacha {Bruce) 163 



Page 

4512. reclusa ( Wlk.) 164 

4513. erigida {Swinh.) 165 

4514. stellata {Moore) 166 

4515. ^(^m\m {Beth. -Baker). . 167 

4516. lineosa (Moore) 167 

4517. tnmcipeuuis. Hmp.'^n. . . 168 

4518. oc-breipiincta {Hmjmi.) . 170 

4519. s\\h^^-AX[\t-A {Beth. -Baker) 170 

4520. cinerascens {Motsch.) . . 171 

4521. renalis (Moore) 171 

4522. albisignata (0(';<'rM.) ! . 172 

4523. rectiliuea, Hmpsn 172 

4524. bislgnata {Hmpm.) 173 

4525. pellicea (Swink.) 174 

4526. costiplaga (Befh.-Baker) 174 

4527. atrij)iincra, Htapsn. . . 175 

4528. ochracea {Hmpsn.) .... 175 

4529. inconspicua (Beth.- 

Baker) 176 

4530. transversa, Wlk 176. 

Closteromnr])ha, Feld 177 

4531. reniplaga, Fehl 177 

4532. luodesta, Butler 178 

Neocalymnia, Hmps7i 178 

4533. obconica, Bruce 178 

Androlyiiniia, Hmpsn 179 

4534. torsivena {Hmp»n.) .... 179 
4535'. clavata, Hmp.sn 180 

4536. emargiuata (Hmpsn.) . . 181 
Cbalcoecia, Hmpsn 182 

4537. emessa (Bruce) 182 

Chrvsoecia, Hm2}sn 182 

4538. scira (Bruce) 183 

Nicara, Moore 183 

4539. castatiea, Moore ...... 183 

Apocalymnia, Hmpsn 184 

4540. teiiebrosa { Hmpsn.). ... 184 
Hypercalyninia, Hmpsn 185 

4541. metaxantha, Hmpsn. . . 185 
Musotbvma, Meyr 186 

4542. cyanastis, Meip- 186 

Calymnia, Hubn 1 87 

4543. restitiita ( Wlk.) 188 

4544. diffiois (Lhm.) 189 

4545. cava {But I.) 190 

4546. etkiopica, Hmpsn 190 

4547. pvralina {Srhijf.) 191 

4548. affiuis (Linn.) 192 

4549. flavifimbria, Hmpsn. . . 193 

4550. camptostigma (3/e'??.) . . 193 

4551. iinicolora, Stnud 194 

4552. iancousci (Oberth.) .... 195 

4553. "acbatina (Butl) 195 

4554. ocbreimargo {Hmpsn.) . 196 

4555. moderata, Stc(U(l 196 

4556. exigua (Butl.) 197 



SYSTI3IATIC IXDKX. 



Calymnia (coji.). Page 

4o;}7. trapeziiia (Linn.) 198 

4o58. oriim {Chipyj.) 199 

4559. subtilis {Stand. ) 199 

4560. olivescens, Hmp.m 200 

4561. bifasciata (Stand.) 200 

4562. pemmella \Saalin.) 2U1 

Cirrhoplianus, Grute 201 

4568. duplicata (Smith) 202 

4564. ti'iangulifera, Grote 203 

4565. dvarf, Cocherell 203 

4566. diibifera, Biinr 204 

4567. mao-iiifera, Bmir 204 

4568. nigrilera, Biiov 205 

4569. cliry,3ocliila'(i>y«>-) 205 

4570. papago, Barnes 206 

Basilodes, Guen 206 

4571. pbilobia (Bruce) 207 

4572. pepita, Guen 207 

4573. chrysopis, Grote 208 

4574. mirabilis, Nenm 208 

Basilica, Ilmpsn 209 

4575. chrysosticta(_ffH27;A'w.). . 209 
Cirrodes, Hmpsn 210 

4576. phcenicea, Hinpsn 210 

Carcharnda, Ilmjjsn 211 

4577. flavirosea, Hmpsn 211 

Chamaeclea, Grote 211 

4578. pernana (Grote) 212 

Ectolopiia, Hmpsyi 212 

4579. virideseens, Hnipm. . . 213 

4580. marginata, Hiupm 213 

Iloplolytbra, ITmpxti 214 

4581.'discistriga (-S'//(/i'/0 214 

Lytbrodes, S77iit/i 214 

4582. radiata, Smith 215 

4583. venata, Smith 215 

4584. somiluna, Smith 216 

Argyrboda, Hmpxn 210 

4585. laroiiia (Bruce) 216 

Satrapodes, Hmpsn 217 

4586. niina (Sehmis) 217 

Chalcopasta, Hmpsn 218 

4587. arianda (Bruce) 218 

4588. territans (H. Ediv.) 219 

4589. bouardi (H. Edrv.) 219 

4590. arizona (French) 220 

4591. pterochalcea {Byar) . . 220 

4592. acantba (Bruce) .. 221 

4593. chalcotoxa (Bi/ar) 221 

4594. acema (Bruce) 222 

4595. ccebelei (Jiiki/) 222 

Centrogone, Hnpsn 223 

4596. cblorocbry.'.a, Hm2)sn. . . 223 
Neumoegenia, Grote 224 

4597. poetica, Grote 224 

4598. albavena {Ottolengni) . . 225 



Page 

4599. corouides (Bruce) .... 225 
Mudaria, Moore 225 

4600. coniifrons, Moore 226 

Ocbrocalama, Hmpsn 226 

4601. xanthia (Hmpsn.) 227 

Synealama, Hmpsn 228 

4602. niimica, Hmpsn 228 

Pinacoplus, Hmpsn 229 

4603. didymogramma(i'r*T/i.) 229 
]\retopoplus, Alph 229 

4604. excelsa (Christ.) 230 

4605. fixseni, Christ 230 

Mycteroplus, Herr.-SchUff. .... 231 

4606. puniceago (Boisd.) .... 231 
Psectrotarsia, Hm/isn 232 

4607. fuscirena, Hmp.tn 232 

4608. flava, Bo(jn 233 

Dicycla, Guen 233 

4609. 00 (Linn.) 234 

Enargia, Hilhn 235 

4610. ulicis (Stand.) 235 

4611. regina {Stand.) 236 

4612. borjomensis (C'/ijvV.) .. 237 

4613. staiidingeri (A/ph.) 237 

4614. paleacea (Esp.) 238 

4615. decolora ( TJ'Ik.) 239 

4016. imbnta (Bbisd.) 240 

4G17, abluta (Hiibn.) 240 

Derrinia, Wlk 241 

4618. stellata, Wlk ..'. 241 

Stiria, Grote 242 

4619. rugifrous, Grote 242 

4620. sulpbiirea, Nenm 243 

4621. consuela, Streck 244 

4622. butsoni (Smith) 244 

4623. fuligino.?a (Smith) 244 

Xantbiria, Hnpsn 244 

4624. primulina (Bruce) .... 245 
Stiriodes, Hnpsn 245 

4625. obtusa {Herr.-Schiiff.) . 246 

4626. perflava (Harv.) 247 

4627. demo ( Bruce) 247 

4628. procida {Bruce) 248 

4629. umbria (Bruce) 248 

Polenta, iMorr. 249 

4630. tepperi {Morr.) 249 

Plagiomimicue, Grote 250 

4631. pitycbronia, Grote .... 250 

4632. triplagiata. S>nith 251 

4633. laverna (Bruce) 251 

4634. dolli, Smith 252 

4635. expallida, Grote 252 

Nocloa, Smith .'. 253 

4636. aliaga (Barnes) 254 

4637. alcandra {Bruce) 254 

4638. Cordova (Bar)ies) 254 



SYSTEMATIC lXDi:X. 



P;ige 

463U. uauata (Xenm.) 255 

4640. pla<iiatci, Smith 255 

4641. rivulosa, Smith 256 

4642. neseea {Smith ) 256 

4643. arivaca (Barnes) 257 

Oslaria, Di/ar 257 

4644. viridescens (Schmis) . . 257 

4645. viridifera {Grote) 258 

4646. rhodoxantlia, Doynin . . 258 
Sphida, Gi'ote 259 

4647. obliqiia ( Wik.) 259 

Bellura, Wlk 260 

4648. gortyuoides, W77i 26l 

4649. melanopyoa (G'rote) . . 262 

4650. dLHusa {Grotc) 262 

Plialerodes, Hmpsn 263 

4651. cauta (Hmjjm.) 263 

Kamesode*, Hmpsn 264 

4652. divisa {I£mj)sn.) 264 

4653. micropis, Hmpsn 265 

Lopliocalama, Hmpsn 266 

4654. neuritif, Hntjisn 266 

Pliragraatiphila, Hmpsn 266 

4655. trimcata ( W/k.) 267 

4656. nexa {Hiihn.) 267 

4657. serrata, Hmpsn 268 

4658. fumea (Hjupsn.) 2t)9 

4659. leucaneura, Hmpsti. . . 269 

4660. grisescens, Hvipsn 270 

4661. interrogans (Wlk.) 270 

4662. typhfe {Thnhg.) 271 

4663. turpis (Butl.) 272 

4664. bipartita, Hmpsn 272 

Omphalagria, Hmpsn 272 

4665. hemiochra, de Joan. . . 273 
Calaraistis, Hmpsn 273 

4666. fusca {Hmpsn.) 274 

4667. pallidicosta (Hmpsn.) . . 274 

4668. prtepallens, Hmpsn 275 

4669. melanodonta, 7/j«/w/(.. . 276 

4670. nubifera, Hmpsn 276 

4671. obliquifascia (ifw/;.?/^.) . 277 

4672. inicrosticta [Hmpsn.) . . 277 

4673. subniarginaUs(//?«;^;svi.) 278 

4674. stygiata, HmpsJi 278 

4675. unicolora, Hmpsn 279 

Rabila, Wlk 279 

4676. frontalis, Wlk 279 

Cea, Grote 280 

4677. cirphidia, Hmpsn 280 

4678. leucanidia, Hmpsn 280 

4679. i in macula, Grote 28l 

Arenostola, Hmpsn 281 

4680. lutosa {Hubn.) 281 

4681. pbraginitidis (^//yy».) . 283 

4682. brerilinca [Fain.) 284 



Page 

4683. impudica (>S7««</.) .... 284 

4684. inqiiinata (Gucn.) .... 285 

4685. variaiia {Morr.) 285 

4686. interlata ( Wlk.) 285 

4687. stigniatica (Hv.) 286 

4688. deCecta {Grote) 286 

4689. procera {Stand.) 286 

4690. elymi ( Treit.) 287 

4(591. tluxa (Hiibn.) 287 

4692. pygmiiia (Haw.) 288 

4693. mabillei {Lucas) 289 

4694. inoUicella (I'iinff.) 289 

4695. modesta (Staa.d.) 289 

4696. deserticola {Stand.) 290 

4697. bondi (Kmup/s) 290 

4698. extreiua [Hiibn.) 290 

4699. sohu-retlieli {I'iint/.) . . 291 
Sphetta, Wtk ; . 291 

4700. apicalis, W/k 291 

Ai-ohauara, W/k 292 

4701. geminipuncta (Haw.) . . 293 

4702. resoluta, Hmpsn 294 

4703. dissoluta ( Treit:) 294 

4704. ueurica {Hii/rn.) 295 

4705. polita ( W/k.) 296 

4706. phragmiticola [Staad.) . 296 

4707. spargaiiii (Fsp.) 297 

4708. ajrata {Btdl.) 297 

4709. oblonga (Grate) 29S 

4710. subflava {Grote) 298 

4711. alameda (Smit/i) 299 

4712. alg«3 (Esp.) 299 

4713. Iffita {3Iorr.) 300 

Coenobia, Stej^h 300 

4714. riifa (Hatv.) 300 

Hypoeoena, H7npsn 301 

4715. rufostriga (Pack.) .... 301 
Microlita, Hmpsn 302 

4716. leucorliabda (Z). J«wr*') . 302 
Ampbilita, Hmpsn 303 

4717. arcuata [D. Jone.s) 303 

4718. punctilinea (D. Jones) . . 304 
Acylita, Hmpsn 304 

4719. cara (Schans) 305 

4720. elongata [Schaus) 305 

4721. san<:uifusa (Z>. Jon^s) .. 305 

4722. dupinfieldi (Schaus) 306 

4723. disticta (1). Jones) 306 

4724. monosticta [D. Jones) . 306 
Neolita, Hmpsn 307 

4725. perstriata, Hmpsn 307 

Ehyncholita, Hmpsn 307 

4726. atripuncta, Hmpsn 308 

Amolita, Grote 308 

4727. perstriata, Hmpsn 309 

4728. fessa, Grotc 309 



Xll 



SYSTEM.VTIC IXDEX. 



Aniolifca {co}).), Pnge 

4729. sentalis (Kai/c) 309 

4730. iiTorata. Hmpsn 310 

4731. roseola,'. S?/(//A 310 

4732. iivcticliroa, Hmpsn 31 1 

Cilia, Grote 312 

4733. disteiiia, Grote 312 

Dantona, Wlk 312 

4734. stillata [Guen.) 313 

Acrapex, Hmpsn 314 

4735. exanimis (Meyr.) .... 314 

4736. curvata, Hmjisn 314 

4737. acuminata {Hmpsn.) . . 315 

4738. rhalidoueura, Hmpsn. . . 316 

4739. hanmliicvii (Hmpsn.) ., 317 

4740. metaphica, Hmpsn 317 

4741. spoliata ( TV Ik.) 317 

4742. bnmnea (Hmpsn.) .... 318 

4743. albivena, Hmpsn 318 

4744. atricepp, Hmpsn 319 

4745. leucophlebia, Hmpsn. . . 319 

4746. prisca (Wlk.) 319 

4747. carnea, Hmpsn 320 

4748. ro.';eotincta, Hmpsn 320 

4749. a^nio-ma (Feld.) 321 

Nonajrria, Oc/is 321 

4750. maritima (yV/wsc//.) .... 321 

4751. enervata, Gnen 323 

Doeri'iesa, Stand 323 

4752. striata (Stand.) 323 

vSesamia^ Guen 324 

4763. vuteria (StoU) 324 

4754. calaiuisti.s, Hmpsn 325 

4755. coniota, Hnpsn 326 

4756. pallida (But/.) 326 

4757. riibritincta, Hmpsn. . . 327 

4758. albicostata. Lower .... 327 

4759. inferens (Wlk.) 327 

4760. sabulosa, Hmpsn 328 

4761. rufescens, Hmpsn 329 

4762. epuBctifera, Hmps7i. . . 329 

4763. tajnioleuca ( W/U/rn.) . . 3.30 

4764. albavena, Hmpsn 330 

4765. tosta, Snell. , 331 

4766. cretica, Led 331 

4767. uniformis [Dndyeon) . . 332 

4768. gracilis (Rebel) 332 

Argyrospila, Herr.-Schiiff.- .... 332 

4769. succinea (Esp.) 333 

'Oria, Hiibn 333 

4770. myodea (Rmhr.) 334 

4771. miisciilosa (Hil/m.) .... 334 

4772. flavescens (Hnpsn.) . . 335 
Xylostola, Hv>p.9n 335 

4773. robusta (Hmpsn.) .... 336 

4774. indistincta (Moore) 336 

4775. olivacea, Hmjisn 337 



Page 
Conicofrontia, H7np-sn 338 

4776. sesamiodes, Hmpsn. . . 338 
4776 a. mesophsea, Aiiriv 630 

Arcilasisa, JVlk 338 

4777. sobria, Wlk 339 

Ommatostola, Grote 339 

4778. lintneri, Grote 340 

Calamia, Hiibn 340 

4779. fiaviiufa, Hmp.m 340 

4780. yireiis (Linn.) 341 

4781. ti'aiiquilla (Grote) 342 

Clelbrorasa, Hmps7i 343 

4782. pilcheri (Hmpsn.) 343 

Apsarasa, Moore 344 

4783. iiigrocajrulea, Hmpsn. . . 344 

4784. atramenta, Hmp.'<ti 345 

4785. radians (ir^si^w.) 346 

4786. figurata, Moore 347 

Mazuca, Wlk 347 

4787. hsemagrapha, Tlmpsn. . . 348 

4788. strigiclucta, Wlk 348 

Chasminodes, Hmpi^n 349 

4789. atrata (Butl.) 350 

4790. nervosa (Bidl.) 350 

4791. cilia (Stand.) 350 

4792. nigrilinea (Zr't^c//) .... 351 

4793. albonitens (Brem.) .... 351 
Cliasniina, Wlk 351 

4794. sericea (Hmpsn.) 352 

4795. tibiopunctata (Beth.- 

Baker) 353 

4796. tibialis (Fabr.) 353 

4797. alcidaniea, Druce 354 

4798. tenuilinea, Hmpsn 354 

4799. judicata ( Wik.) 354 

4800. reiecta (Fabr.) 355 

4801. pulchra ( IV/k.) 355 

4802. maculata {Hmpsn.) 356 

4803. sigillata (Men.) 356 

4804. biplaga ( Wlk.) 357 

Molveua, Wlk 357 

4805. guttalis, Wlk 358 

CalJyna, Gnen 358 

4806. nigerrima, Hinpsn 359 

4807. siderea, Guen 360 

4808. decora, Wlk 361 

4809. costiplaga, Moore 361 

4810. leuconota, L,ou-er 362 

4811. figurans, Wlk 363 

4812. jugaria, Wlk 363 

4813. semivitta. Moore 364 

4814. mystica ( Wlk.) 3(55 

4815. obscura, Hmpsn 365 

4816. monoleuca, Wlk 366 

4817. fuscantaria, i>V/>^.-/)V//.-e;- 366 

4818. cupricolora (Jlmpsii.) . . 367 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 
Oxvthves, Druce o07 

4819. splendens, Drw.e 368 

Euterpia, Guen 308 

48:20. laudeti {^Boi>^d.) 369 

Dipinacia, IImp,sn 370 

4821. scliiuiodes, Do(jn 370 

Cvtothymia, Il»i/>sn 370 

4822. ohsita ( Feicl.) 371 

Syntliymia, HuIju 372 

4823.'^ tixa (Fabr.) 372 

4824. exsiccata, Wan- 373 

Megalodes, Guen 373 

4825. eximia (/*/•/•.) 374 

Nartliecopliova, Smith 374 

4826. pulverea, Smith 375 

Azenia, Grote 375 

4827. vatersi (N. C. Ruths.). . 376 

4828. tusa (Sivinh.) 376 

4829. pura (Sivink.) 377 

4830. implora, Grote 377 

4831. edentata, Grote 378 

FarffiO'le; Hmpt^n 379 

4832. ochracea {Fmch.) 379 

Metsegle, Hmpsn 379 

4833. pallida [Stand.) 380 

^g-le, Hilhn 380 

4834. vespertalis {Hi'thn.) 381 

4835. nubila {Stand.) 381 

4836. subilava {Ersch.) 382 

4837. agatha (Stand.) 382 

4838. ccecerltziaua (Hilhn.) . . 383 

4839. liedy<^liroa (Turner) . . 384 
Antaplaga, Grote 384 

4840. pyralina (Schaus) .... 385 

4841. deln (Dr nee) 386 

4842. salacon (Druce) 386 

4843. composita (H. Edn\) . . 386 

4844. dimidiata, Grote 387 

4845. hachita, Barnes 387 

484(i. sexseriata (Grote) .... 387 

4847. biuudnlalis (Zell.) 388 

4848. tboiacica (H. Edw.) . . 388 

4849. suffiiiiiosa (Dijar) .... 388 

4850. dulcita (Schaus) 388 

4851. pvronfea (Druce) 389 

Cyclopera, Hmjjsn 389 

4852. buceplialidia {Hmpsn.) . 389 

4853. similis (Hmpsn.) 390 

4854. galactiplaga (Hmpsn.) . 391 
Seleuistis, Hmpsn 392 

4855. annulella (7/to/wm.) 392 

Tristyla, Smith 393 

4856. alboplagiata, Smith .... 393 
Eutei'piodes, Hni2)sn 394 

4857. pieuaai'i (Dist.) 394 

Triocnemis, Grote 395 

4858. saporis, Grote 395 

* Pseiidinodes, Hmpsn 396 



Page 

4859. pi'oducta, Hmjjsfi 39(5 

Pseudina, Guen 397 

4860. fatuella (Doc/n.) 398 

4861. velleiea, Guen 398 

4862. cyauostiirma, Dofpi. . . 399 

4863. aibiiia, Hmpsn 400 

Xerociris, Cocker ell 400 

4864. vilsoni (Grote) 400 

Eudryas, Boisd 401 

4865. sancti-johannis, Wlk. . . 402 

4866. grata {Fabr.) 402 

4867. brevipennis, Stretch . . 403 

4868. unio (Hiibn.) 404 

Caularis, li'lk 405 

4869. undulans, Wlk 405 

4870 limata, Hm^jsn 406 

Erocba, Wlk 407 

4871. dolena (Druce) 407 

4872. leucodiscfl, Hmpsn 408 

4873. nnimium (Cram.) .... 409 

4874. leueoteliis'(7r7A:..) 410 

4875. seniiviiidis (Druce). . . . 410 
Rhosus, iVlk '..... 411 

4876. leucouoe (Feld.) 412 

4877. pulvemsa (AW/m.) .... 412 

4878. postica ( Wlk.) 412 

4879. colombiaaa, Hmpsn. . . 413 

4880. agiiirreri (Berg) 413 

4881. ovata (Roths. ) 414 

4882. sp^licea (Feld.) 414 

4883. Isabella, Doynin 414 

Paratueita, Hmj^sn 414 

4884. marshalli, Hmpsn 415 

4885. lamiiiifera (Saatm.). . . . 416 
Gerra, Wlk 416 

4886. radicalis, Wlk 416 

4887. sevoi-sa (Grote) 417 

4888. felia (Druce) 418 

Gerrodes, Hmpsn 418 

4889. lonuipes (Druce) 419 

Aucula, Wlk 419 

4890. josioides, Wlk 420 

4891. buprasia (Bruce) 420 

4892. hilzingeri (Berg) 421 

4893. magiiitica (Schaus) .... 422 

4894. janeira (Schaus) 422 

4895. sublata ( Wlk.) 423 

Vespola, Wlk 423 

4896. cferuleifera, JVlk 424 

Psychomorpba, Hccrr 424 

4897. euryihoda, Hmpsn 425 

4898. epimenis (Drurt/j .... 425 
Ovios, Wlk ; 426 

4899. capensis (Herr.-Schdff.) 426 

4900. ae^itentrioms, Hmpsn.. , 427 
Leucovis, Hmpsn 428 

4901. alba (Rot lis ) 428 

Seudyra, Stretch 429 



SYSiE.MATK lNDi:X. 



4i)02. veuosa, Moore 

4903. subflava, Moore . . . 

4904. tlavida, Leech 

4905. lungipenuis ( JVlk.) . 
490(5. catocalina ( Wlk. ) . 

4907. mandaiiiia, Leech . 

4908. veuusta, Leech 

4909. bala {Moore) 

4910. interposita, Thnpsn. 

4911. trausiens (Wlk.) . . . 
491 L>. subalba, Leech 

4913. albifascia {Wlk.) . . . 

4914. iiepcba (Moore) ^-^. 
Zalissa, ll'lk 

4915. catocalina, JJlk. . . . 

4916. pratti (Beth.-Baker) 
Protoseudyra, Hmpsn 

4917. picta (Hmpsn.) 

4918. siicunda (Leech) . . . 

4919. flava {Leech) 

Opsyra, Hmpsn 

4920. chalcoela {Htnjysn. ) . 
Leucogoiiia, Hmjj'in 

4921. eceicei (Beth.- Baker) 

4922. cebeensis {Betk.-Bake 
Metaxautkia, Hmpsn 

4923. co.^mopis (Lower) . . 
Apina, Wlk 

4924. callisto, Wlk 

Ipanica, Hmpsn 

4925. cornigera (Butl.) . . . . 
Micvapatetis, Meijr 

4926. tripartita (Butl) . . . . 

4927. orthozona, Mei/r. 

4928. leiicozona ( Turner) . . 

4929. albiviata, Hmpsn. . . 

4930. olycycbroa (Turner) 

4931. purpurascens, Hmp.m 
4-932. })yrastis, Hmpsn 

4933. tlavipars. Hmpsn. . . 
Xenopfieustis, Mei/r 

4934. pc«cila.stis, Mei/r. . . 
Agaristodes, Hmpsn 

4935. feistbameli (Herr.- 

Schaf.) 

Eadinocera, Hmp^n 

49.-'.6. diversa i Wlk.) 

4i)37. placodes (Lower) . . . . 

4938. maculosa (Boths.) . . 

4939. va.irata ( Wlk.) 

Idalima, Turner 

4940. leonora (Douhl.) 

4941. cyanobasis, Hmpsn. 

4942. h'emipbragma (Loicer] 

4943. metasticta, Hmpsn.. . 

4944. afEnis (Boisd.) 

Ccenotoca, Turner . ._ 

4945. subaspersa ( JVlk.) . . 



Page 
429 
430 
432 
432 
433 
434 
435 
430 
437 
437 
438 
439 
440 
441 
441 
442 
443 
443 
444 
444 
445 
445 
446 
446 
447 
448 
448 
449 
449 
450 
450 
451 
451 
452 
452 
453 
453 
454 
454 
454 
455 
455 
456 

450 
457 
457 
457 

458 
458 
459 
459 
4(i0 
460 
461 
461 
462 
462 



Page 

Microhelia, Hinjisn 463 

4946. angelica {Smith} 463 

4947. restrictalis (Smith) .... 464 
Heliotbodes, Hmpsn 464 

4948. diminutiva (6-Voi;^) .... 465 

4949. fasciata {H. Hdiv.) .... 465 
Eutricopis, Morr 466 

4950. nexilis, Murr 466 

Xanthotbrix, H. Lchv 467 

4951. callicore {Staufl.) 467 

4952. neumcegeni, H. Ldw. . . 468 

4953. ranunculi, H. Edu\ . . 469 
Apaustis, Hiibn 469 

4954. rupicola {Sckif.) 470 

4955. tlieopbila (Staud.) .... 470 
Axenus, Grate 471 

4956. arvalis, Grote 471 

Anuapbila, Grote 472 

4957. arvalis, H. Ediv 473 

4958. danistica, Grote 474 

4959. mera, Harv 474 

4960. domina, H. Ediv 475 

4961. pustulata, H. Ediv 476 

4962. divinula, Grote 476 

4963. gerniana, H. Edw 477 

4964. decia, Grote 478 

4965. depicta, Grote 478 

49()6. lithosina, H. Edw 479 

4967. miona, Smith 480 

4968. diva, Grote 481 

4969. casta, //. Edw 482 

4970. superba, H. Edw 482 

.Janthiuea, Gueti 483 

4971. divalis, Stand 483 

4972. fiivaldszci {Uup.) .... 484 

4973. dos (Frr.) 485 

Stenimaphora, Stand 485 

4974. viola, Stand. ...:.... 485 
Micriantha, Hmpsn 486 

4975. decorata (Frir.) 486 

Paneraeria, Hiibn 487 

4976. jocosa (Zell.) 487 

4977. tenebrata {Scop.) 488 

PesudaC')ntia, Smith 489 

4978. louisa, Smith 489 

4979. crustaria (Morr.) 490 

4980. cansa, S'^^iith 491 

4981. aterrima (Grote) 491 

4982. groteana, Dyar 491 

Copanarta, Grote 492 

4983. aurea {Grote) 492 

Mvdrodoxa, Bvtl 493 

4984. splendens, Butl 493 

DapbHcnura, Butl 494 

4985. fasciata, Butl. 494 

Hypocalamia, Hmpsn. ..... 495 

4986. meterjthra (Hmpsn.) . . 495 



A U I) E ^' D A T O 

Vols. Yil.& VIII. 



Vol. IX. 
Page 

2805 rt. Diptengi.i dolens (Dnice) Vol. VII. p. 69 491$ 

2820fl. P;irast"tchtis mig-vata (iS'wh'^A) ,, i), 83 497 

2823 (/. ,, staiidfiissi ( Turati) ,, p. 85 ... . 497 

2823 b. „ ribbei {Pun</.) ,, p. 85 498 

2830 «. „ polyglvpha (>S'te?«c/.) ,. p. 91 499 

2848 «. „ on& {Smith) „ 1^.105 499 

2864 rt. Trachea confluens {Moore) „ p. 118 ... . 500 

2907 rt. ,, oclirotica, Hmpm ,, p. 156 .... 500 

2922 rt. ,, susquesa {Smith) ,, p. 166 .... 501 

2923 rt. „ iimbrifacta, Hmpsn „ p. ll)7 .... .50 L 

2931 a. „ ferida {Smith) „ p. 1 73 502 

2989 «. „ formoseiisis, iy/»;«w „ p. 213 . . . . .i:i03 

3037 a. Euplexia callicliroa {Loicer) „ p. 249 .... 603 

3037 0. „ melanops {Loicer) , p. 249 504 

3067 a. Heterocliroma tliermographa, llmp.sn, . ,, p. 274 .... 504 

3104 a. Perigea eguigureni {Dognin) ,, p. 309 .... 505 

3155 a. „ albistriata, Hmpsn „ p. 344 .... 506 

3237 rt. (Ederemia confucii {Alph.) „ p. 4013 506 

3296 a. Ceutropodia vliitei [liebel) „ p. 454 .... 507 

3296 b. Pseudamathes volloni {1). Litca.s) ,. p, 454 .... 508 

3296 c. Pseudopyeustes tellieri {D. Lucas) .... „ p. 454 .... 509 

3298 rt. Pseiidohadena presbvtis, Prtwy ., p. 457 .... 510 

3;>19o. Lupei'iua gueneei. iJovbl „ p. 469 .... 510 

3336 rt. ,, acharis, tiuKj „ p. 479 .... 511 

3378 rt. Oroplexia .simulata {Moore) ,, p. 515 .... 512 

3397 rt. Eiiopus cornuscopiae {Roll.) ,, p. 5.>3 .... 512 

3452 rt. Pachylepis dilecti.ssima ( WlJi.) „ p. 584 513 

3452 b. Xantholepis dicjcla ( Wlk.) „ p. 584 514 

3457 rt. Poecilogivmuia albiscripta (i/7«/).w.) . . ,, p. 589 .... 515 

3457 b. „ picata ( Butl.) „ p. 589 516 

3478 a. Cliytonix haba {Dogn.) ., p. 606 .... 517 

3490 rt. ,, segregatii {Uutl.) „ p. 613 518 

3533 rt. Bryophila siinulatricula, 6'w;8 „ p. 645 .... 518 

3553 rt. Parianibia unduligera {Butl.) ,, p. 661 .... 519 

3338 rt. Acronycta pliadra, Piing Vul. VIII. p. 65 ... . 520 

3725 rt. „' toniix^. Smith „ p. 138 521 

3802 a. Delta phoenicraspis, Hmpsn ,, p. 196 ... . 521 

3887 a. Antlia rotunda {Hmpsn.) ,, p. 275 .... 522 

4115 a. Dysmilichia purpurascens, Hmpsn. . . ,, p. 429 .... 522 

4117 a. Proxemis pectimiera, ^?«7V ,, p. 431 .... 523 

4127 a. „ camptogramma, jff?«ps?2. .. „ p. 436 .... 623 

4137 rt. I\Iicrathetis costiplaga (<S'?;</f//) „ p. 444 .... 524 

4152 rt. Nolasodes atrisignata, ^?«/;s?j „ p. 457 .... 524 

4184rt. Moiiodes bogotaua {Feld.) ,, p. 483 .... 525 

4264 rt. Procrateria melanoleiica, ^??ij'jsj2 „ p. 534 .... 526 

4304 rt. Phobolosia reiucarnata, Dgar ,, p. 502 .... 527 



C A T A r. G U E 



LEPIDOPTERA PHALJlNiE. 

Family NOCTUID.^. 

Subfamily ACRONYCTINyE {continued). 

The key to the Genera is reprinted, with some additions and correc- 
tions, from Vol. VIII. of the Catalogue, with the references to the pages 
of the present volume inserted with the figure (3) before them. 

Kei/ to the Genera. 

A. Fore wing without an areole. 

a. Fore wing with vein 7 stalked with 8, 9. 
«!. Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 8, 9, 
or 9 absent. 

a". Frons with pointed corneous process Paciivlepis, (8)p. 512. 

A2. Frons with rounded prominence with 
raised edges. 
a^. Probo.scis absent ; hind wing with vein 8 
anastomosing with the cell to middle, 

then approximated to it to extremity ... Stom.^frontia, (2) p. 223. 
b^. Proboscis fully developed, 
a*. Hind wing with vein 8 approximated to [('-^)P- ^'■^'^• 

the cell to middle Cepiialospaugeta, 

l>*. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base oulj. 

a^. Palpi upturned Prometopus, (2')p. 367. 

/r'. Palpi porrect Etiiioteepia, (3; p. 112. 

cP. Frons with slight rounded prominence. 

a^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base Emarginba, (3) p. 112. 

h^. Abdomen without crests Miceapatetis, (o)p. 451. 

d'. Frons without prominence. 
a^. Abdomen with dorsal series of ci'ests. 
a*. Fore wing with the termen angled at 

middle Neopisteia, p. 530. 

b*. Fore wiug with the termen evenly curved. 

a^. Fore wiug with vein 9 absent Cingalesa, (2)p. 5f)I. 

6'. Fore wing with vein 9 present Akboricornis, p. 358. 

b^. Abdomen without crests. 
a-*. Fore wing with vein 9 absent ; meta- 

thorax with paired crests Neolaphygma, (2) p. 266. 

b^. Fore wing with vein 9 present. 

a^. Proboscis aborted, small Neolita, (3) p. 307. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 
a6. Metathorax with spreading crest. 
aJ. Palpi fringed with long hair in front. Piiobolosia, (3) p. 525. 
6^. Palpi fringed with scales in front ... Neostrotia, (2)p. 562. 
b''. Metathorax without crest. 
a^. Tarsi with the 1st joint tufted with 

scales LoPiiCTARsiA, (2)p. 26S. 

VOL. IX. B 



a NOCTUID^. 

b^. Tarsi with the 1st joint not tufted 
with scales. 
a^. Fore wing with the termen angled 

at vein 4 Gonelydna, (3) p. 527. 

b^. Fore wing with the termen oblique [(3) p. 177. 

below vein 3 Closteromorpii A, 

b^. Fore wing with vein 10 from the cell. 
a'K Abdomen with doi'sal series of crests. 
a'K Pro- and metatborax with spreading crests. 

a*. Proboscis aborted, minute Neomonodes, (2)p. 5R4. 

Z»^. Proboscis fully developed Fracara, p. 600. 

b^. Thorax without crests CuAsMiNobES, (3)p. 349. 

b^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
a^. Forewing with the termen angled at vein 4. Gonostygia, (3)p. 124. 
^3. Fore wing with the terinen strongly 

excurved at middle Neocaly.m.nia, (3)p. 178. 

C-. Abdomen without crests. 

a'i. Frons with rounded prominence Xenopseustis, (3) p. 455. 

63. Frons without prominence. 

ai. Palpi upturned Micromonodes, (2)p.565. 

6-*. Palpi porrect, about three times length 

of head Eiiynciiolita, (3)p. 307. 

b. Fore wing with veins 8, 9, 10 stalked, 7 from cell. 
a^. Eyes small, reniform. 

a-. Frons with trilobate process Janthinea, (3)p. 483. 

b-. Frons with rounded prominence with 
raised edges and central process. 

«'". Palpi upturned Wicriantiia. (3)p. 48l>. 

R Palpi porrect Ataustis, (3) p. 469. 

b^. Eyes large, round. 

a~. Frons with transverse corneous plate Xantiiolepis, (3)p. 513. 

b^. Frons smooth. 
a^. Fore wing with the termen angled at vein 4. Leucosigma, (3)p. 127. 
b^. Fore wing with the termen not angled at 
vein 4. 
«■*. Abdomen with dorsal crests on basal 

segments Borbotana, p. 584. 

b*. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only . Nolasodes, (o) p. 523. 

c. Fore wing with veins 8, 9 stalked, 7 and 10 

from cell. 
ai. Frons with bifid corneous plate from middle ; 

abdomen without crests Eutkrpiodes, (3)p. 394. 

6i. Frons with rounded prominence ; abdomen 

with dorsal crests on basal segments Musotiiy.ma, (3)p. 186. 

B. Fore wing with areole. 

a. Fore tibia with one or more claws on outer side. 
«!. Frons with heart-shaped corneous promi- 
nence Polenta, (3)p. 249. 

b^. Frons with trilobate process ]Varti]ecoi'uoi{A,(3)p. 374. 

c'. Frons smooth Cbntuopodia, p. 4.02. 

b. Fore tibia with small claws at inner and outer 

sides; frons with pointed prominence con- 
nected by akeelwitii the trilobate plate below 
it. wiiieh is produced to hiteral points below. Par.egle, (3) p. 379. 

c. Fore tibia with large semilunar plate at ex- 

tremity, and large and small claws on inner 

side ., Triocnemis, (3)p. 395, 

d. Fore tibia with long curved claw on inner 

side and two claws on outer Derrima, (3) p. 241. 

e. Fore tibia with long curved claw on inner 

side and small claw on outer, 
ai. Frons with truncate prominence with raised 

edges Plagiomimiccs, (3)p. 250. 

Ji. Frons smooth, with corneous plate below it. Pseudacontia, (3) p. 489. 



-ymnia. Enargia. Xi 



-mia. Megalodes. Na 
7. Asenia. 



Musothyma. Hyperct 



I. Carckaroda. Chan 



fudaria. 



-ocalama. Syncalam 



Bicycla. Be: 



Cy eloper a. 



Selenistis. IVisfyla 



Chasmiiiodes. 



-5. Elder pia. Pseud 



\_To face p. J. 



jSlicrohelia . Xa ntliofhr Lv. 



Heliothodes. Axenus. JaHthivea. 



Eutricopis. Annaphila. Siemmaphura. Micriantha. 



Agaristodes. 

vatetis. Badinocera PseiuJacontiu. Mqdrodoxa 

\ ■ j ' 

seustis. Idalima. Ccunotoca. Panemcria. Copanarta. Daphanura. 



PHYLOGENY OP THE ACRONYUTINj 



iHenoptrrytfia. Speocmpia 

Orthogoniea. Mania. Magtita. Dijita'ffgia, Cropja. 

I I 

PanutJehtiX Eumbila, EupkxidJa. Checvpa. HaUroehr, 
(Bdipl ejcia. 

"I ». , 

7'fttclua. PamtrtKheo. K«pUxia. Ama^'a. Per.yt,,. M.L-ropUi 



Eucrcpia, Vrrigeodt*. 



Oxyenemit. Fata . S toma/nml, 
Catophntidia. Mat'opo. LJihumaa. Pulcheriti. Leiicocnemia. Cephatoipar^eti 



Cetota. A'ulrupdia 

I ...I 



1 

FotflUt. Cntabf 


1 

a. Pro'lenin. Spmlo/iUr/i . 


}Votf,n„aj: 




Cojiihrjjophafi. AUptiiia 


Seolaphi/g>na 


Prodicelta. Esraria. Proraehia 


. Laphygnta. U'pholartta 



Cnlgmmeda. Iphtiorpha. Mfi 



Clot/eromorplia. C^atcotci'a. Cliri/ntierin. 

lUydwi. Seocali/iiiniti. Andnly^mnia. Kicara. Apoealymiiia. Mttsuthymn. Ift/pfnitii/in 



AcroTia. Acnrioda. Paracrotia. Thyaiimdet, 



SirigiphUbin. Cen t mrlhra 



Thalalha, Goeuyet'i. 




Tumidifronl. 
Gorfyac 



BrachyxatUhia. Rhodacia, Pgrrhia. ErittuKta 



Beryana. Prooieiopyg. Kremerhroa. Micrnpia. Omphtdetit. 

i 

Stiihia. HypOtlUhia. Amphidrina. I Acopa. 



Cydoetfiila 


- 


CopifroiUh, Macapta. Seiifai 


Paromphalr. flypoperiqfii. 



CirrhaphanHS. 

\ ' 
Oatilode*. 

I 

lituUica. Cirro det. Carp 



ffui<lai r/lhra. Argyrhoda . 

^" I 

ChaiHaeelea. K^l<^pha. Satrapodu. (. 



Myfttropht*. UpMdir. 



Caiy,A 


lua. Netimaqenia 


. Ochnealama. Ryncalavia. Metopoptut. PHclfota 




1 
Iheycla. Verrinia. Stiria. 


im'f. Stihadiitm. Ci/locan 


». Etdymma. Ennryia. Xanthina. Utriodo. 1 oUi 




. Itul.ih. N talila, lihyucholila , 

C'ea. Acyli ta. AmUita. Cilia. Dantom 
Archanara, Aer np^x. Sonag ria. Daerri tta. 
Catiobia. Se»amia. Argyrutpila. 



Ilkabinopieryx. PrMtUbia. _Athetu^ 



Ariathiaa. ABosmttia. PelUampa. Ethiopiea. Dytmilkbia. 



HfpMhim 


. Puudol,,, 


«.. &.to 


«,,,,,,«. 


mimcit. 








MiroUnuhf 


LrvjiMiop 


.... 





Mtwtro ata Hamassta. GaJy ula. Cramhodtt, 



. Gunoda. Balm. Nolasodts. Xylon 



AhnoilM. yeomUkkia. Ha^Jn 



Amphipyra. Graciiipa!p«* . 
Vhaopyra. Bityh. Stygv^oln. Luperina^Las^U 



Mimhueania. Micralhetit. Styyiathttja. 



CittgattMt. Phoholotia. 
Nemtroda. Neonwfiodea. 



Carhona. Micromvtuidei. 



Cytothymia. Megalodes. NarlHccophon 
. Synthnmia. Aeenia. Patvy/e. Melagtt. 





Cydopsra. 


MyU. Autvpiaqti. •SiUuisih. IVin/yia. Buttrpiodtt. Triocmmia. P^udiuodtf 


Ap$aram. Paralwrta. 


CUthrtmua. Masvea, Chai,»ii'iodr». Kitdrym. KttMrha. Gem. 


Chamixa. Hfotvna. CafJaris. ffAww. Gtfroda. 



H eliotKo dn. Axanua . Jmlhiiita . 

{.jul rieopu. Anna phil a. St«mmap h«ra. Micriantha. 



Ca Uyna. Oxylhm Kuler pia. Pieudiua. XerocirU. Aucula. V^ola. Ptychomarpha. Lti 



. Zatiua. Pmloundyra. Op*i. 



Micrapaietu . 

I 



Idalma. Canotooa, Panrmma. Copanartu. Daphmun 



ACRONYCTIN^. 6 

f. Fore tibia with claw on inner side only. 

a}. Fronswiih shovel-shaped plate at middle 

and corneous plate below it Pinacoplus, (3)p. 229. 

h^. Frons with pointed prominence with tri- 
lobate plate below it Met^gle, (3)p. 379. 

c^. Frons with corneous prominence with raised 
edges and central process. 

a?. Proboscis aborted Centrogone, (3)p. 223. 

b'^. Proboscis fully developed. 

0-3. Eyes small, reniform Xanthotiirix, (3)p. 467. 

W'. Eyes large, round. 
a<. Thorax clothed with rough scales; pro- 
and metathorax with crests ; patagia 
curled upwards at extremity. 

aS. Fore tibia with the claw strong Chalcopasta, (3)p. 218. 

65. Fore tibia with fine spine Hoplolythra, (3fp. 214. 

6*. Thorax smoothly clothed with scales. 
«*. Pro- and metathorax with slight crests. Fota, (2) p. 214. 
6'. Pro- and metathorax without crests ... Antaplacja, (3) p. 384. 
c*. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales Calophasidia, (2)p. 181. 

d^. Thorax clothed with hair only, the pro- 

and metathorax with spreading crests... Fala, (2) p. 220. 
d}. Frons with corneous proniineuce with raised 
edges, its lower edge produced to a point. 
a?'. Fore wing with the apex produced and acute. Stiria, (3)p. 242. 

/A Fore wing with the apex round Oirrhophanus, (3)p. 201. 

el. F'rons with corneous prominence with 
raised edges not produced to a point. 

a^. Proboscis aborted, minute Metopoplus, (3)p. 229. 

62. Proboscis fully developed. 
a?. Fore wing with the termen excui'ved at 

middle and oblique towards tornus Basilodes, (3) p. 206. 

63. Fore wing with the termen evenly curved. Stibadium, (3) p. 104. 
p. Frons with rounded prominence with 

corneous plate below it Xanthiria, (3) p. 244. 

g^. Frons without prominence. 
<72. Proboscis aborted, small. 
«3. Pro-and metathorax with spreading crests. Pseudoligia, (2)p. 170. 
6^. Prothorax without crest, metathorax with 

large crest Oxycnemis, (2)p. 215. 

h". Proboscis fully developed. 
a?. TJiorax smoothly clothed with scales, 
a-*. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Copanakta, (3)p. 492. 

64. Thorax without crests Leucocnemis, (2)p. 221. 

63. Thorax roughly clothed with hair and 

hair-like scales Centrartiira, (2)p. 284. 

g. Fore tibia without claws. 

a'. Fore tarsus with curved claw-like spines on 
outer side of 1st joint. 
a?. Frons witli truncate conical prominence 
with raised edges. 
o?. Proboscis aborted, small ; abdomen with 

dorsal crest at base only MycTEROPLUS. (3)p. 231. 

A3. Proboscis fully developed ; abdomen with- 
out crests. 
«■*. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales, the 

metathorax with paired crests Omphaletis, (2)p. 374. 

6*. Thorax clothed with hair only and 

without crests Psectrotarsia, (3)p. 232. 

h". Frons with rounded prominence with cor- 
neous plate below it ; proboscis aborted. 

b3 



KOCTUID^. 
03. Frons with the prominence roughened in 

front PSEUDAMATIIES, (3) p. 507- 

b^. Frons with the prominence not roughened 

in front MicRoriA, (•2)p. o73. 

c^. Frons with vertical ridge. 
«3. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only... Caij-arcyra, p. 515. 

/)3. Abdomen without crests ScoToCAMrA, (2)p. 171. 

d^. Fi'ons without prominence. 

a^. Proboscis aborted, minute P.sEUD0PSEUSTis,(3)p. 508. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 
(/■'. Pro! borax with sharp ridge-like crest, 
metathorax with spreading crest ; abdo- 
men with basal crest RiioriOECTA. (3) p. 51. 

b*. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests; abdomen-nixhout crests PsEUuunADENA, p. -154. 

Ji. Fore tarsus without claw-like spines on outer 
eide of Is-t joint. 
a" . Frons with truncate corneous prominence 
with raised edges, its lower edges pro- 
duced to a trilobate plate with corneous 
plate below it. 

«3. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales Cyiotuymia, (S))). 370. 

b^. Thorax clothed with rough hair and hair- 
like scales Megalodes. (3) \). 373. 

c<2. Frons with long trilobate process and cor- 
neous plate below it. 
a-*. Proboscis aborted, small. 
a*. Palpi oblique, reaching to beyond frons . Azenia, (3) p. 375. 

b-*. Palpi porrect, very short Pseudinodes, (3) p. 390. 

6^. Proboscis fully developed. 

a* Eyes small, reuiform Stemmai>iiora, (3)p. 485. 

6-4. Eyes large, round. 
a5. Palpi extending to just beyond frons. 
ofi. Metathorax with spreading crests ... Tristyla, (3)p. 393. 
b''. Thorax without crests. 
«'. Fore wing with vein 10 anastomosing 

with 8 to form the areole Carcmauoda, (3) p. 211. 

b^. Fore wing with vein 9 from 10 anas- 
tomosing wilh 8 to form the areole . Mudauia, (3) p. *i"25. 
J'. Palpi very short and not reaching as 

far as frons .Syntmy.mia, (3) p. 372. 

ci. Frons with long bilobate corneous process. 
«3. Proboscis aborted, small. 
«■*. Fronswith long triangular plate belowit. Pri.tiiuixax, (2) p. 225. 
b^. Frons with short jjlate below it excised 
in i'ront. 
a^. Thorax clothed with hair and scales, 
the pro- and metathorax with spread- 
ing crests Stii.bina, (2)p. 168. 

b^. Thorax clothed ahnost entirely with 

scales and without crests Cyclopera, (3) p. 389. 

c^ Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales and without crests Ociirocai.ama, (3) p. 226. 

c*. Frons without plate below it Arciianara, (3)p. 292. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 

a*. Metathorax with spreading crest Diimnacia, (3)p. 370. 

6^. Metathortix without crest iEGLC, (3)p. 380. 

d-. Frons with rounded prominence with 
shovel-shaped process at middle and cor- 
neous plate below it. 

a^. Proboscis absent IIyi'EUTIIIXa, (2)p. 169, 

b^. Proboscis aborted, small, 
a''. Frons with the corneous process some- 
what pointed at extremity and keeled 
below DiPAROrsLS, p. .509. 



ACRONYCTIN^. O 

A'l. Frons with tbe corneous process not 
pointed or keeled. 

o*. Palpi upturned Amkfrontia. (2) p. 417. 

h^. Palpi obliquely porrect Stiiuodes, (3)p. 245. 

t^. Proboscis fully developed. 

«^. Eyes small, reniform Ai'ixa, (3)p. 449. 

A'*. Eyes large, round. 
«•''. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
«". Frons with trilobate plate below it ; 

hind wing with veins y, 4 from cell... CnrinRYoniiiA, (2)p. 226. 
b^\ Frons with triangular plate below it ; 

hind wing with veins o, 4 stalked ... Prodicella, (2) p. 227. 
c'S. Frons witli the corneous plate beloiv 
it excised in front ; hind wing with 
vein .3 from well below middleof cell. Ai-EPTrNA, (2) p. 220. 

h-'. Thorax clothed with hair only Ipanica, (3)p. 450. 

e2. Frons with truncate conical prominence 
with raised edges. 
<i^. Abdomen with dorsal crests on basal 
segments. 
a*. Probosci.s aborted, minute. 
rtS. Fore wing with the termen and cilia 

strongly dentate Cetola, (2) p. 182. 

i*. Fore wing with the termen and cilia 

slightly crenulaie ATiiEriiES, p. 284. 

h*. Proboscis fully developed. 
«\ Thorax with slight double ridge-like 

crest SrAURoriitEs, (2)p. 2o9. 

b''. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Speocroi'ia, p. 2.'i5. 

c5. Prothorax without crest, uietathorax 

with large spreading crest Eldryas, (3)p. 401. 

fZ\ Thorax without crests. 
tf*. Thorax clothed with rough hair and 

scales mixed Paratuerta, (3) p. 414. 

h^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 

cii. Palpi upturned Seupyra. (3) p. 429. 

/)'■. Palpi porrect Gerra, (3jp. 416. 

b^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
a*. Prothorax with spreading crest, 
a-'. Frons with flattened vertical process to 

the frontal ijrouiinence , Ruacodes, (2) p. 537. 

6*. Fronswith longcentral process hollowed 
out ill front to the frontal prominence. 

a^. Proboscis aborted, minute Syncala.ma, (3)p. 228. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed Hadenella, (:^)p. 231. 

c5. Frons without central process to the 
frontal ])rorainence. 

a^. Proboscis aborted Ecbole.mia, p. 448. 

b'^. Proboscis fully developed. 
a^. Hind wing with vein 5 from middle 

of discocellulars Cata.mecia, (2)p.540. 

b'. Hind wing with vein 5 from below 
middle of diseocellulars. 

a^. Frontal prominence large Procrateria, (2) p. 53.3. 

/A Frontal prominence small Hypoi'erioea, (2) p. 422. 

b^. Prothorax without crest. 
a*. Frons with truncate process in middle 

of prominence Nocloa, (3) p. 253. 

b^. Frons without truncate process in 
middle of prominence. 

«". Proboscis aborted, small Oslauia. (3)p. 257. 

//'. Proboscis fully developed, 
a'. F^rontal prominence large. 



NOCXUIDJE. 

a". Palpi upturned. 
a^. Mesothorax with paired crests ... Iambiodes, p. GiO. 

ft9. Mesothorax without crest Apocalymnia, (3)p. 184. 

b . Palpi porrect. 

(?!>. Eyes small, reniform Agaristopes, (3)p. 456. 

b^. Eyes large, round. 
«'". Thorax clothed with hair and 
scples mixed, 
a'l. Patagia fringed with long rough 

hair and scales Ovios, (3) p. 426, 

b^^. Patagia normal. 
ai2_ Abdomen with fan-like crest 

formed of scales Radinocera, (3) p. 458. 

6^2. Abdomen with tufted crest 

formed of hairs ERe«iA, (3)p. 407. 

6'". Thorax clothed with hair only, 
a'l. Patagia with the exti'emities 
turned upwards, the meta- 

thorax with paired crests Gerrodes, (3)p. 418. 

5". Patagia normal Caularis, (3)p. 405. 

h'. Frontal prominence very small. 

a8. Palpi upturned Tiialatiia, (2)p. 42. 

b^. Palpi porrect, the 3rd joint down- 
turned and dilated at extremity ... Leucogonia, (3)p. 446. 
c^. Abdomen without dorsal crests. 
a*. Eyes small, reniform. 
a^. Prontal prominence with its lower edge 

produced to a corneous plate Axenus, (3)p. 471. 

l^. Frontal prominence with its lower edge 

not produced to a corneous plate. 

a^. Frontal prominence with central 

process , Microiielia, (S)p. 463. 

b^. Frontal prominence without central 

process Heliothodes, (3)p. 464, 

b*. Eyes large, round. 
a^. Frons with beak-shaped process from 

lower edge of prominence Ci'tocanis, (3) p. 110. 

b^. Frons with flattened plate from lower 

edge of prominence, grooved in front, CAi.LOiCiA, (3)p. 56, 
c*. Frons with wedge-shaped pi'ocess in 

middle of prominence -.. Basilica, (3)p. 209. 

d^. Frons with rounded truncate process in 
middle of prominence. 

a'*. Palpi upturned Cirrodes, (3')p. 210, 

b^. Palpi short, upturned Selenistis, (3) p. 302. 

«!*. Frons with Tertical ridge in middle of 
prominence. 
«6. Fore tarsi short, the ungues large. 
a'. Frontal ridge forming a large vertical 

plate LlTTiiRoDES, (3) p. 214. 

^'. Frontal ridge slight jArgyrhoda. (3)p. 216, 

b^. Fore tarsi normal Chamaeclea, (3)p. 211. 

/'. Frons without process in middle of 
prominence. 
a^. Frontal prominence long. 
a^. Thorax clothed with hair and scales 
mixed ; abdomen smoothly scaled. 
o^. Palpi upturned, the 3rd jointporrect. Idalima, (3) p. 459. 
b'^. Palpi porrect. 
o". Proboscis absent, 
o'f. Prothorax with spreading crest , Rabila, (3) p. 279. 

^10. Prothorax without crest Eremochroa, (2)p, 370, 

b^. Proboscis aborted, minute; frontal 

prominence indented below Escaria, (2) p, 228. 

c^. Proboscis fully developed, 
a^**, Frons with pointed corfieous 

plate below it MoLrtxA, (.'))p. 867. 



ACEONYCTINJE. i 

ftio. Frons without corneous plate 

below it Etiosus, (3)p. 411. 

i'. Thorax clothed with hair only ; ab- 
domen clothed with rough hair. 

a^. Palpi upturned Adcula, (3)p. 419. 

6*. ■ Palpi porrect Leucovis, (3jp. 428 

ifi. Frontal prominence short. 
«''. Thorax with bi-oad dorsal rirlge of scales . 
a*. Frons with the corneous promi- 
nence large Pakacrorja, (2)p. 281 

6*. Frons with the corneous promi- 
nence small TlIYATIEODES, (2)p. 282. 

■b'. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 
crests. 

a^. Proboscis aborted, minute Omphalagiua, (.S)p. 272. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed iJYi'ERCALYMNiA,(3)p. 185. 

«'. Metathorax with depressed cr«st ; 

hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked ... PAUOiMPHALE, (2.)p. 421. 
<?. Thorax without ci'ests. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of bead ; thorax clothed 

with hair and hair-like scales Stygiatiietis, (2)p. 444. 

b^. Palpi with the 2iid joint reaching 

middle of frons ; thorax clothed 

with hair and scales n)iied. 

o^. Palpi upturned, slender ; fore wing 

with the termenexcurved at middle 

and oblique towards tornus Satrapodbs, (3)p 217. 

b^. Palpi oblique, short ^ fore wing 

with the termen erenly curved ... Dvsmilichia, (2) p. 426. 
_/". Frons with pointed prominence. 

o,^. Ejes small, reniform PsYCHO.MOUPiiA,(3)p. 424, 

^)^, Eyes large, round. 
u*. Abdomen with dorsal crests on basal 
segments. 

afi. Proboscis aborted, minute Achatodes, (3)p. 30. 

h^. ProboscisfuUy developed CtENOTocA, (3)p. 462. 

IK Abdomen with dorsal crest at baso only. 
«5. Prothorax with sharp triangular ridge- 
like crest, the metathorax with divided 

crest Xanthcecia, (3)p. 32, 

^>5. Prothorax with divided crest, meta- 
thorax with spreading crest Xehdciris. (3)p. 400. 

tf*. Thorax without crests. 
a^. Frons with beak-like pointed process ; 
palpi with the 2nd joint very broadly 

scaled Apsarasa, (3)p. 344. 

i^. Frons with slight pointed promineiice^ 
palpi slender. 

a7. Palpi upturned Mazuca, (3)p. 347. 

b7. Palpi porrect Photoseudyra, (3)p. 443. 

•c*. Abdomen without crests. 

ftS. Proboscis aborted, minute Cokicofeontza, (3)p. 338. 

b-"". Proboscis fully developed. 
a^. Thorax clothed almost entirely with 

scales Mic'ROLiTA, (3)p. 302. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales CcENOBiA, (3)p. 300. 

<g^. Frons with rounded prominence with trans- 
verse corneous plate at middle square in [(3)p. 26'6. 

front Piihagjiatipiiila, 

•A2. Frons with rounded prominence with ver- 
tical ridge at middle. 

a^. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests Euceopia, p. 286, 

■ b^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base onlj-. : ■ 

a^ Palpi upturned Pariambia, p. 660. 



NOCTUID^. 

6<. Palpi porrect Metaxantiiia, (3)p. 448. 

c3. Abdomen without crests Chrysoecia, (3)p. 182. 

«"2- Frons with rounded prominence with 
slight transverse ridge. 
ffS. Frons with corneous plate below it. 
«■*. Abdomen with dorsal crests on first two 

segments Chalcobcia, (3)p. 182. 

h-*. Abdomen without crests Proraciiia, (2)p.2.'50. 

h^. Frons without corneous plate below it ... ffiuii'LExiA, p. 218. 
J^. Frons with rounded prominence. 
cfi. Abdomen with dorsal crests on basal 
segments. 
a*. Proboscis absent. 
«*. Pro- and metatborax with spreading _^^ 

crests Ti'MiriFRONTiA, (3)p. 18. 

h". Pro- and metatborax without crests ... MioNioiif. p. 616. 
h*. Proboscis fully developed. 
a^. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests CEdehe.mia, p. 405. 

b^. Pro- and metathoriix without crests. 
a^. Thorax smoothly clothed with scales 

only Goehycta, (2)p. 49. 

b^. Thorax clothed with rough liair and 

scales mixed Zalissa, (3)p. 441. 

h^. Abdomen with dorsal cre^t at base only, 
ft"*. Protliorax with spreading crest. 
«•'. Fore wing with the termen oblique 
towards tornus. 
«o. Fore wing with scale-tooth at tornus . Ectolopiia, (3)p. 212. 
M. Fore Ming without scale-tooth at 

tornus Xylomcea, (2)p. .^34. 

b^. Fore wing with the teriuen evenly curved. 
«6. Build stout. 
(<•'. Fore wing with the termen crenulate. Amiasa, (2) p. 538. 
b'. Fore wing with the termen not 

crenulale Matopo, (2)p. 185. 

¥. Build slender Neomilichia, (2)p. 518. 

b*. Prothorax without crest. 
r/5. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
«5. Fore wing with the apex produced, 

the termen obliquely curved Fotei.la, (2)p. 232. 

b^. Fore wing with the apex not pro- 
duced, the termen more erect. 
o'. Antenna laminate, almost simple ... Tycracona, (2)p. 50. 
b'!. Antenna ciliated. 
ftS. Fore wing narrow, the margins sub- 
parallel Bryoi.ymnia, (3)p. 119. 

b^. Fore wing triangular TRicnoco.s,MiA, (3)p. 153. 

b^, Thorax clothed with hair only Ekythececia, (3)p. 57. 

c'. Abdomen without dorsal crests. 
a-*. Eyes small, elliptical. 
o^. Thoraxclothed with rough hair and scales. ANNAniii.A, (3) p. 472. 

b^. Thorax smoothly scaled Mesotiiosta, (2)p. 437. 

/;■•. Eyes large, round. 
«s. Metathorax with crest. 
a^. Prothorax with spreading crest. 

a'. Proboscis absent Acopa, (2)p. 410. 

b'^. Proboscis aborted, small HjEMassia, (2)p. 438. 

c~. Proboscis fully developed Cea, (3)p. 280. 

b^. Prothorax without crest. 
a''. Proboscis aborted, minute. 
a^. Thorax clothed witli hair and scales 

mixed Leiometopon, (2)p. 172. 

h^. Thorax clothed with hair only 8phida, (3) p. 259. 

h'. Proboscis fully developed EHABiKOPTEnvx, i2)p.287. 



ACROXYCTIN-J?:. 9 

//. Metafhorax without crest. 
a^. Thorax clothed ahuost entirely with 
scales. 

«i. Proboscis aborted Mekolecca, p. 687. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 
«8. Frons with corneous ridge above ... Neumcegenia, (3) p. 224. 
b^. Frons without corneous ridge above. 
a^. Fore wing with the apex rather 

produced and acute Xylostola, (2)p. 3.3.0. 

As. Fore wing with the apex rounded . Acosmetia, (2) p. 412. 
b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales Aiicii.AsiSA, (3)p. 338. 

c''. Thorax clothed with hair only Oxvtures, (3) p. 367. 

k^. Frons with vertical flattened process vfitii 
rounded edge. 

«•'. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests Embolcecia, (3") p. 59. 

/><*. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only... Copifrontia, (3) p. 5S. 
^-. Frons with transverse ridge. 

«■*. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests Antiia, (2; p. 274. 

A'*. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
«■*. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Leuconycta, (2)p. 35. 

b*. Pro- and metathorax without crests Polygrammata, p. 689. 

tii^. Frons smooth and without prominence, 
o^i. Proboscis aborted or absent. 
«■•. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests. 
«5. Prothorax without crest, metathorax 

with spreading crest Bryomcea, p. 615. 

b^. Thorax without crests. 

«". Palpi upturned, thickly scaled Acheudoa, p. 591. 

b<^. Palpi porrect, slttuder Poliouiiya, p. B17. 

b'^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
b^. Thorax clothed almost entirely with 
scales. 

n^. Prothorax with divided crest Piialerodes, (3) p. 263. 

b^. Prothci'ax without crest. 
a7. Palpi with the 2nd joint reacliing 

vertex of head Plusilla, p. 590. 

b'. Palpi witii the 2nd joint reaching 

about middle of frons Bryoleuca, p. 636. 

h^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 
a^. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Calamistis, (3jp. 273. 

66. Pro- and metathorax without crests. 
a'. Foi'6 wing very narrow and produced 

at apex EuLONCtiR, (2)p. 162. 

b7. Fore wing triangular Meuolonciie, (2)p. 165. 

("*. Abdomen witiiout crests. 
rtS. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
afi. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 

with the cell to near extremiy Acylita, (3) p. 304. 

As. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 

with the cell to middle Doerriesa, (3) p. 323. 

c*. Hind wing with vein 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 
a'^. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 

crests Ethiopica, (2) p. 418. 

b^. Pro- and metathorax without crests. 
a^. Palpi with the hair at extremity of 
2nd joint produced to a point, the 

3rd porrect Dantona, (3) p. 312. 

As. Palpi with the 2nd joint slightly 
fringed with hair in front. 
a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect... Cilla, (3) p. 312. 
.'A Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned. Amulita, ("Jlp. SOS. 



10 



noctuid.t;. 

bi. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 
a6. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 
crests. 
UK Palpi upturned ; fore wing with the 
term en not crennlate. 
a^. Fore wing with the termen oblique 

towards torniis Nonagria, (3) p. 321. 

b^. Fore wing with the termen evenly 

curved Selicanis, (3)p. 103. 

b7. Palpi porrect ; fore wing with the 

termen crenulate Margelana, p. 449. 

6®. Thorax without crests. 
«'. Fore wing with the apex produced 
and acute ; liind wing with veins 3, 
4 usually stalked, 5 from below 

middle of discocellulars Acrapex, (3) p. 314. 

i'. Fore wing with the apex not pro- 
duced ; hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from cell, 5 from middle of disco- 
cellulars. 
a*. Palpi upturned ; frons with large 

tuft of hair Si'hetta, (3) p. 291. 

bK Palpi porrect ; frons without tuft 

of hair Petilampa, (2) p. 414. 

ci. Thorax clothed with hair only. 

ff6. Metatlioi-ax with spreading crest Bellura, (3) p. 260. 

b\ Thorax without crests, 

a'. Palpi uptvirned Sesajiia, (3) p. 324. 

b'7. Palpi porrect. 
a". Fore wing with the apex produced 

and acute .Simyra, (2)p. 173. 

b^. Fore wing with the apex rounded... Eogena, (2)p. 179. 
6^. Proboscis fully developed. 
a*. Abdomen with dorsal series of crests, 
a*. Thorax with double ridge-like crest. 
a6. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a'. Palpi with the 2nd joint broadly 

angled with hair iu front OuTuoGON[tA, p. 45. 

b'. Palpi with the 2nd joint moderately 

fringed with hair in front. 

a^. Fore wing long and narrow, the 

termen not excised towards tornus. 

a9. Tegulte produced at a slight dorsal 

ridge Delta, (2)p. 190. 

6^. TeguliB not produced to a dorsal 
ridge. 
r'c Frons tufted with hair. 
«'i. Fore wing very narrow, the 

termen very obliquely curved. Magusa, p. 55. 
i". Fore wing broader, the termen 

more erect Parasticiitis, p. 76. 

610. Frons sniooth with a slight cor- 
neous plate below it XVLOMYGES, (2)p. 271. 

b^. Fore wing shorter, the termen ex- 
cised towards tornus. 
a9. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

to about vertex of head Stenopterygia, p. 61. 

b^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
to about middle of frons. 

«i". Frons tufted with hair Dipteeygia, p. 64. 

6'o. Frons smoothly scaled Acroria, (2)p. 276. 

is. Thorax clothed with hair and liair-like 

scales Agroperina, p. 398. 

6'. Thorax with broad ridge-like crest Eukabila, p. 109. 

c*. Prothorax with triangular crest. 



ACKONTCTT\-E. 11 

a^. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales ... Lopiiqtyna, (3) p. 19. 
Z/". Thorax clothed with hair aud hair-like 

scales PuLciiBRiA, (2)p. 213. 

c". Thorax clothed with hair only. 
aJ. Fore wing with the tei-men excised 

below vein 4 Tiugonopiiora, p. 486. 

b^. Fore wing with the termen evenly 
curved. 
a^. Abdomen with the crests mixed with 

scales Chdtapiia, p. 491. 

b^. Abdomen with the crests formed of 

hair only Habryntis, p. 498. 

d^. Pro-, meso- and metathorax with large 

divided crests Mania, p. 49. 

e'. Pro- and metathorax with divided crests. 
a^. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 

rt'. Abdomen dorsally flattened Checupa, p. 111. 

f)'. Abdomen not dorsally flattened. 
a*. Fore wing with vein 5 nearly 
straight, from just below, middle 

of discocellulars Eupi.exidia, p. 110, 

b^. Fore wing with vein 5 curved, from 

just above lower angle of cell Trachea, p. 113. 

b'>. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales PauaTraciiea, p. 216. 

ys. Prothorax with spreading crest, meta- 
thorax with divided crest Polypu/Enis, p. 667. 

c/°. Prothorax with long oblique flattened 
crest. 

a6. Metathorax with divided crest Papaipema, (3) p. 60. 

/;'5. Metathorax with spreading crest OfiDoCoNTA, (3) p. 89. 

h^. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 
crests, 
a". Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a7. Fore wing with slight scale-tooth at 
tornus. 
a^. Abdomen with long forked crest on 

2ud segment Akgyrostrotis, p. 517. 

b^. Abdomen without forked crest on 
2nd segment. 
a9. Fore wing with the termen more 
or less angled at vein 4, then 

oblique Eriopus, p. 531. 

i". Fore wing with the termen angled 

at vein 3, then dentate Cosmodes, (2)p. 17. 

c^. Fore wing with the termen evenly 

curved, dentate Data, p. 526. 

6'. Fore wing without scale-tooth at 
tornus. 
a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

vertex of head, the 3rd long ...... Angara, p. 249. 

b^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
about middle of frons, the 3rd 
short. 
«io. Abdomen with large dorsal crest 

on 3rd segment Telesilla, p. 587. 

b^°. Abdomen with the dorsal crests 

slight Anduopolia, (2)p. 199. 

/A Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned. 
a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint long and 

dilated at extremity. 
ai". Fore wing with the termen ex- 
curved at middle and excised 
towards tornus VEsroi.A, (3) p. 423. 



12 NOCTUIDJE. 

ft'". Fore wing with the terraen evenly 

curved Cropia, p. 2G0. 

h^. Palpi with the 3rd joint very long, 
not dilated, in male tufted with 
loncj hair on inner side and re- 
curved over head Corytiiurus, p. 360. 

c'. Palpi with the 3rd joint shorter 
and not dilated. 
«'". Fore wing with tlie cilia strongly 

dentate towards tornus Pekigeodes, p. 287. 

/)io. Fore wing with the cilia slightly 
crenulate. 
ft". Palpi with the 2nd joint reach- 
ing vertex of head. v^^ 
a^-. Abdomen with very large 
crests on 3rd and 4th seg- 
ments; build slender CnvToxix, p. 600. 

//'-. Abdomen with the crests on 
medial segments equal ; build 
stout. 
a^'^. Thorax and fore wing roughly 

scaled Hicterochroma, p. 271, 

b^'^. Thorax and fore wing smoothly 

scaled Perigea, p. 292. 

ft". Palpi with the 2nd joint reach- 
ing about middle of frons. 
a^-. Abdomen with large crest on 

3rd segment ; build stout ... Euri.ExiA, p. 219. 
b'^-. Abdomen with large crest on 

4th segment ; build slender... MicRorLEXiA, p. 3o4. 
c'-. Abdomen with the crests on 
medial segments equal. 
«i3. Fore wing with the apex 
rectangular and somewbat 

acute GoRTYNA, (3)p. 20. 

i'-*. Fore wing with the apex 

rounded Oligia, p. 361. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales. 

a'. Prothorax with the crest long, meso- 

thorax with small paired crests; 

abdomen with very large double 

crest at base Acuokiodes, (2)p. 279. 

h*. Abdomen without large double crest 
at base. 
«**. Tegulffi produi-ed to a slight dorsal 

ridge Atamea, (3) p. 25. 

/;**. TeguliB not produced to a dorsal 
ridge. 

ft". Thorax quadrately scaled Lituomcea, (2)p. 208. 

/;". Thorax not quadrately scaled, 
flio. Thorax clothed with long rough 

hair and hair-like scales Daseoch.eta, (2)p. 22. 

ftio. Thorax smoothly clothed with 

hair and hair-like scales Eremobia, p. 409. 

cfi. Thorax clothed with hair only TriciiopeexiA, p. 482. 

v>. Prothorax without distinct crest. 
«6. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
cO. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head, the 3rd long. 
r/^ Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect ... Pseuderastria, p. 614, 
/A Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned... Bkyopiula, p. 618. 
b"!. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
about middle of frons, the 3rd short. 



ACRONYCTrN^E. 13 

a^. Abdomen with verj' large crest on 
4tb segment. 
a^. Metutliorax viith very laj-ge crest 

ot'long spatulate scales IIariusi.memna, p. 048. 

h^. Metatburax with moderate crest ... Ci-rma, p. G51. 
h^. Abdomen with the crests small. 
a*. Fore wing with tiie termen oblique 

towards toriuis Iambia, p. 654. 

h^. Fore wing with the termen evenly 
curved, 
tyi". Fore wing long and narrow, 
all. Fore wing with the termen 

erect Calogisamma, (2)p. 238. 

i'l. Fore wing with the termen 

obliquely curved PiiODENrA, (2) p. 240. 

b^". Fore wing short and broad Cka.mophoka, (2)p. 51. 

i". Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 
«.". Mesothoraxwith paired crests, patagia 

curled upwards at extremity Canna, (2)p. 19. 

b^. Mesothorax without crests, patagia 

not curled upwards at extremity ... Conskrvui.a, p. 499. 
j->. Thorax without crests. 
«6. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
a'. Palpi smoothly scaled and flattened 
against Irons; fore wing narrow 

with the margins subparallel Cletmuoiiasa, (.'5) p. 343. 

b'. Pal]5i not flattened against irons and 
with a tuft of scales at extremity of 

2nd joint ; fore wing triangular ... Neoimi.e.vis, p. 681. 
ifi. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales FAGlT.iNA, p. 592. 

b^. Abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
a^. Pro- a)id metathorax with divided 

crests Cammformis, p. 504. 

b'^. Prothorax with sharp triangular crest, 

metathorax with divided crest Macronoctua, p. 431. 

c5. Prothorax with siiarp triangular crest, 

metathoi-ax with spreading crest Hydrcecia, (3) p. 35. 

d^. Prothorax with ridge-like crest, meta- 
thorax with spreading crest Androlvmnia, (3; p. 179. 

c5. Thorax with slight dorsal ridge-like 

crest PvRRUiA, (3) p. 52. 

^i. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 
crests. 
«6. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
(i7. Pro- and metathorax with the ci-ests 
formed of very long spatulate scales. 
a8. Fore wing with the apex produced [(3) p. 514. 

and acute PaxiLOGUAMMA, 

b**. Fore wing with the apex rounded... Opbvra, (3) p. 443. 
b''. Prothorax with long flattened crest 
projecting backwards. 
a^. Fore wing with the termen excised 

below apex and excurved at middle. Geroda, (3) p. 93. 
b^. Fore wing witli the termen evenly 

curved Macai'ta, (3) p. 96. 

c'. Prothorax with short spreading crest, 
a*. Mesothorax with slight paired 

crests Crambodes, (2)p. 445. 

is. Mesothorax without crests. 
a9. Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint 
reaching vertex of head, 
a'o. Build slender. 



14 NOCTUIDiE. 

«ii. Hind wing with vein 5 from 

niiddle of discocellulars. 

fli'-. Fore wing with tlie termen 

excised from apex to middle. Gonodes, (2) p. 450. 
ii-. Fore wing with the termen 
evenly curved. 
a^". Fore wing with the apex 
somewhat produced and 

acute Platysenta, (2)p. 447. 

lAK Fore wing with the apex 

rounded Monodes, (2)p. 457. 

fti'. Hind wing with vein 6 from 

below middle of disCDcellulars. Hadjina, (2) p. 521. 

/>io. Build stout MoNOPT^»»-p. 432. 

I'K Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint 
reaching about to middle of frons. 

«!». Thorax roughly scaled Hypoplexia, p. 426. 

i'^'. Thorax smoothly scaled, 
a'l. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect. 
«'-. Tegulse produced to a slight 

dorsal ridge and hood Catabena, (2) p. 234. 

/;i2. Tegulaj normal Namangana, (2)p. 544. 

b^K Palpi with the 3rd joint up- 
turned. 
oi2. Fore wing with tufts of raised 

scales on the stigmata Ph.eopyra, p. 19. 

^12. Fore wing without tufts of 

raised scales on the stigmata. Euromcea, p. 425, 
c". Palpi obliquely porrect, extending 

about the length of head Balsa, (2) p. 454. 

i". Tiioiax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales. 
ci7. Palpi with the 3rd joint long and 

porrect Riiyncuoplexia, p. 433. 

d''. Palpi with the 3rd joint short. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching to 

about vertex of head, build slender. T/Eniosea, p. 430. 
b^. Palpi with the second joint reach- 
ing to about middle of frons, 
a'. Fore wing with the apex produced 

and acute Ciiiripiia, (2) p. 237. 

Jy. Fore wing with the apex rounded. 
flio. Fore wing with the termen 

oblique towards tornus Her.ema, p. 429. 

i"*. Fore wing with the termeu not 

oblique towards tornus Side.miA, p. 435. 

rfi. Thorax clothed with hair only Lasiplexia, p. 483. 

c/^. Prothorax without crest, metathorax 
with spreading crest, 
a". Thorax clothed almost entirely with 
scales. 
a'. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

vertex of head Auciia, p. 661. 

b'i. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
about middle of frons. 
a^. Fore tibia broadly fringed with hair ; 

fore wing rather broad Spodoptera, (2)p. 251. 

b^. Fore tibia slightly fringed with hair'; 

fore wing long and narrow Lapiiygma, (2) p. 258. 

h^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 

scales Cobaliodes, p. 505, 

7;5. Thorax without crests. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head. 



ACRONYCTIN^. 15 

a'. Hind wing with vein 5 from middle 
of discocellulars. 

a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint long Polionycta, (2)p. 41. 

Ifi. Palpi with the 3rd joint short Galgula, (2) p. 439. 

h'. Hind wing with vein 5 from below 
middle of discocellulars. 
a?. Palpi with the *Jnd joint flattened 

against frons Chasmina, (3) p. 351. 

h^. Palpi with the 2nd joint cylindrical. Bagisara, (3) p. 154. 
h^. Palpi witli the 2nd joint not reach- 
ing above middle of frons, the 3rd 
short. 
«'. Antenna laminate and almost simjDle. 
fA Fore wing with the inner margin 

somewhat excised towards tornus... Eui.ymnia, (3) p. 111. 
h^. Fore wing with the inner margin 

not excised towards tornus Acronycta, (2)p. 59. 

hi. Antennffi ciliated. 
ffS. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales . Agriopodks, (2) p. 37. 

h^. Thorax clothed with hair only Euterpia, (3) p. 368. 

c^. Abdomen without dorsal crests. 
w>. Thorax with dorsal ridge-like crest ; 
frons with projecting corneous plate 

below it Eccleta, p. 685. 

is. Prothorax with triangular crest ; meta- 
thorax with double ridge-like crest. 
a^. Fore wing with the termen strongly 

excurved at middle BRAcinxANTnrA, (3)p.50. 

i6. Fore wing with the termen evenly 

curved Lophocalama, (3)p. 2G6. 

(•5. Prothorax with triangular crest, meta- 

thorax with spreading crest Ipimorpiia, (3) p. 147. 

d-T. Prothorax witii spreading crest, meta- 

thorax with divided crest Tualpopiiii.a, p. G79. 

e^. Pro- and metathorax with spreading 
crests. 
«*"'. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 
cii. Fore wing lojig and narrow. 
cfi. Palpi with the 2nd joint reach- 
ing vertex of head Ar.ea, p. 688. 

l^. Palpi with the 2nd joint not reach- 
ing middle of frons Syrrusis, p. 508. 

hi. Fore wing broad. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head. 
a9. Palpi with the 3rd joint long. 
«'u. Hind wing witli vein 5 from 

middle of discocellulars Gracilipalpus, p. 42, 

/;'*•. Hind wing with vein 5 from 

below middle of discocellulars. Sel.4..mi)i.nia, p. 516. 
h^. Palpi with the 3rd joint moderate. 
«'". Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect. 
«ii. Fore wing with the apex pro- 
duced CaltjOgonta, p. 5S9. 

/)'!. Foi-e wing with apex rounded... Carbona, (2) p. 560. 
i'". Palpi with the 3rd joint up- 
turned ; fore wing with the 
apex somewhat produced and 

acute Strigiphlebia, (2)p. 283. 

b^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

about middle of frons Ampiiidkina, (2)p. 294. 

h^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales 



]() XOCTUID.E. 

lO. I'uljji vvitli 2ikI joint rebelling vertex * 

of laead ; liincl wing with the terinen 

excised at discal fold Stvoiostola, p. 44. 

h'l. Palpi with the 2nd joint reai-hing 
middle of frons ; hind wing with the 
tennen evenly curved. 
a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect ; 

fore wing narrow Lupkrina, p. 46(5. 

h^. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned ; 

fore wing broader Meristi.'*, (3) p. \^^'2. 

f'\ Prothorax with spreading crest ; ineta- 
thorax without crest. 
ifi. Fore wing narrow, the margins sub- 
parallel. 
(u. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching ^"^ 

vertex of head. 
fA Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked. Hvpo.stilbia, (2)p. 293. 
li^. Hind wing with vein? 3, 4 from cell. Athetis, (2)p. 296. 
li'. Palpi slender, the 2nd joint reaching 

middle of frons Akgyiiospila, (3) p. 333. 

h^. Fore wing broad, triangular. 
aj. Thorax clothed with hair and scales 

mixed Ramesodes, (3) p. 264. 

h'l. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales Arenostola, (3) p. 281. 

(fi. Prothorax without crest ; ujetathorax 

with small paired crests Ariatiilsa, (2)p. 383. 

7/5. Prothorax without crest ; metathorax 
with spreading crest. 
cfi. Thorax clothed with scales and hair 
mixed. 
aJ. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head. 
a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect ... Atim.ea, (3)p. 125. 
//. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned... Cai.y.mniodes, (3) p. 128. 
/'''. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

about middle of frons Pseudina, (3) p. 397. 

c'. Palpi shoi't, porrect. 
a^. Tegulie produced behind into a slight 

hood Epimecia, (2)p. 288. 

Ifi. Tegulne not produced into a hood. 
«■'. Fore wmg long and narrow. 
«io. Fore wing with the apex pro- 
duced, the termen oblique Fekgana, (2) p. 289. 

i"^. Fore wing with the apex not 

produced, the termen less oblique. Stii.bia, (2)p. 290. 
}fl. Fore wing shorter and broader ... Pr.estii.bia, (2)p. 292. 

/A Thorax clothed with hair only Mydrodoxa, (3) p. 493. 

j5. Thorax without crests. 
a.6. Thorax clothed chiefly with scales. 

a>. Abdomen dorsally flattened Perin.enia, p. 21. 

h'l. Abdomen not rior.-ally flattened. 
o?. Fore wing long and narrow, 

r/S. Build stout Agrotisia, p. 692. 

Ifi. Build slender Proxenus, (2)p. 430. 

tfi. Fore wing short and broad. 
fl9. Build stout, 
aio. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head, slender, 
rt'^ Palpi flattened against frons ... Callyna, (3) p. 368. 
W^. Palpi cylindrical Elydna, (3) p. 158. 



VOL. IX. 



ACRONYCTIN^. I'J 

^10. Palpi witli the 2ud joint reaeliiiig 

middle of froiis, broadly scaled. 

rt". Hind wing with the termen 

excised at discal fold Phuphena, p. 593. 

6". Hind wing with the termen 

. evenly curved Nicara, (3)p. 183. 

o^. Build slender, 
flio. Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint 

reaching vertex of head. 
a". Palpi with the 3rd joint long... Melagramma, p. 691. 
b^K Palpi with the 3rd joint mode- 

'■^'^® MiCRATHETIS, (2) p. 443 

o'O. Palpi oblique, tlie 2nd joint 

reaching middle of frons Amphilita, (3)p. 303. 

b^. Thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales. 
aJ. Abdomen dorsally flattened. 
a«. Palpi with the 2nd joint fringed 
with hair in front. 
a^. Hind wing with vein 5 from 

middle of discoeellulars Peripyra, p. 25. 

/)". Hind wing with vein 5 from below 

middle of discoeellulars Syntomopus, p. 22. 

0*. Palpi smoothly scaled ; hind wing 
with vein 5 from middle of disco- 
eellulars Amphipyea, p. 26. 

f. Abdomen not dorsally flattened. 
«8. Head and thorax clothed with rough 

hair and spatulate scales Oroplexia, p. 510. 

b^. Head and thorax smoothly clothed 
with hair and hair-like scales. 
a9. Frons with ridges of hair above 

and between antennae Mimleucania, (2) p. 285. 

69. Frons without ridges of hair, 
a"). Fore wing with the apex some- 
what produced and acute Cat.y.mnia, (3) p. 187. 

bw. Fore wing with the apex rounded. Dicycla, (3)p. 233. ' 
<fi. Thorax clothed with hair only. 
a'i. Ej'es small, reniform. 
a^. Palpi extending about the length 

of head Eutricopis. (3)p. 466. 

68. Palpi extending to just beyond frons. Panemeria, (3)p. 487. 
6^ Eyes large, round. 

«8. Abdomen dorsally flattened Bityla, p. 41. 

68. Abdomen not dorsally flattened. 
«9. Abdomen entirely clothed with 

rough hair Daphjsnura, (3)|). 494 

6^. Abdomen with rough hair at base 
only, 
a'". Build stout, 
o". Palpi upturned, the 2nd joint 
moderately fringed with hair 

infront ExARGiA, (3)p. 235. 

6". Palpi porrect, the 2nd joint 
fringed with long hair below. 

a^". Fore wing narrow Calamia, (3) p. 340, 

612. Fore wing broad Oria, (3)p. 333. 

610 Build slender Hypoccena, (.3)p. 301. 

c9. Abdomen smoothly scaled. 

aio. Palpi upturned Ommatostola, (3) p. 339. 

610. Palpi porrect Hypocalamia, (4)p. 495. 

C 



NOCTUID^:. 



Type. 

castaneotincta. 



Genus TUMIDIFKONTIA. 

Tumidijroniia, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mas. ii. p. 282 (1902) 

Proboscis absent ; palpi very short, porrect, and slightly fringed with hair 
elow, not reacliing nearly to extremity of the very large rounded frontal 
prominence, with corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antenna; of 
male bipectinate with short branches to apex ; thorax clotiied chietly with 
scales, pro- and metathorax with large spreading crests; tibije fringed with 
long hair, the tarsal joints with slight tui'ts of hnir; abdomen with dorsal 
crests on basal segments. Fore wing rather long and narrow, the apex rounded, 
the termen evenly curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle 
of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areola ; 
11 from cell Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of ceU; 5 obsolescent 
from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 froui upper angle; 8 anas- 
tomosing with the cell near base only. 



4311. Tumidifrontia castaneotincta. 

Tu7nidifronfia castaneotincta, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 283 (1902). 

c? . Head aud thorax rufous mixed with grey and a few blackish 
scales ; tegulfe and patagia at tips and thoracic crests bright rufous ; 
legs pale rufous, the tufts of hair on tarsal joints whitish ; abdomen 
whitish tinged with rufous except at sides towards base, the crests 
bright rufous. Fore wing pale violaceous grey suffused with pinkish 
on basal and costal areas, the medial area whitish; some black 
irroratiou at base and on inner area before the antemedial line, 
which is pale rufous defined by whitish on inner side, minutely 
waved, oblique ; orbicular and reniforra rather small, whitish 




Fig. 1. — TumiJifrontia castaneotincta, c?. 



defined by diffused rufous, bhe former round, the latter with rufous 
line in centre ; a rufoxis medial line, diffused to median nervure, 
then sinuous ; postmedial line indistinct, rufous defined by whitish 
on inner side, slightly bent outwards below costa, then sinuous, 
strongly incurved below vein 3 and bent outwards from submedian 
fold to inner margin, some black suft'usion beyond it on inner area ; 
a fine brown terminal Ime cilia whitish tinged with pink. Hind 
wing white, the costa and termen slightly tinged with ochreous 
brown ; the underside with pinkish suft'usion from middle of costa 
to middle of discocellulars 

Hah. Mashonaland Salisbury {MarshaU), 1 6 type. Exjp. 
30 millim. 



roi'IIOTY.VA. 19 

Geuus LOPHOTYNA, nov. 

Type, L. albirena. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi oblique, friugecl with long haii- in front, the 
Srrl joint short, porrect ; frons smooth, with large tuft of hair ; vertex of head 
crested ; eyes large , round ; autennce of male ciliated ; head and thorax 
clothed almost entirely with scales, the tegula produced to a slight dorsal 
ridge, the prothorax with high triangular crest, the metathorax with spreading 
crest; tibite moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal cresis on basal 
segments. Fore wing with the apex produced and acute, the terinen strongly 
crenulate and obliquely curved ; veins 3 and b from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the arrole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with the termen waved, veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent 
from below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 

4312. Lophotyna alljirena. 

Mamesira albirena, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. r)3 ; Hn.psn. Moths Ind ii 
p. 212. 

S . Head and thorax dull reddish brown mixed with some white ; 
frons with lateral black bars ; basal joint of antennaa white ; tarsi 
fuscous witb pale rings ; abdomen reddish brown slightly irrorated 
with grey and fuscous. Pore wing dull reddish brown tinged with 
grey and fuscous, the terminal area rather darlver, the veins with 
slight dark streaks ; subbasal line whitish, waved, from costa to 
submedian fold ; antemedial line whitish, angled outwards below 
costa, then oblique, waved ; claviform a minute dark mark ; orbicular 
very small, round, with slight pule annulus detined by brown ; 




Fig. 2. — Lophotyna albirena, (^ . \. 

reniform represented by a white bar with point above it and bifid 
spot below it on its outer edge ; traces of a dark oblique medial 
line bent inwards to costa ; postmedial line black slightly defined 
by whitish on outer side, bent outwards below costa, then minutely 
dentate and produced to streaks on the veins, excurved to vein 4, 
then incurved, some white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal 
line whitish slightly defined by brown on inner side, angled outwards 
at vein 7, then waved and somewhat excurved at middle ; a fine 
waved black terminal line ; cilia with fine pale line at base. Hind 
wing fuscous brown, the cilia with whitish line at base, fuscous 
medial line and pale reddish tips ; the underside whitish tinged with 

c2 



20 



N0fTUIDJ3. 



rufous and irroratecl with black, a black discoidal lunule and 
minutely wa-ved postmedial line. 

Bab. SiKHiM {Atldnson, MoUer, Dudgeon, Pilcher), 6 6 type; 
Bengal, Calcutta, 1 d" . Exy. 42-46 millira. 



Genus GORTYNA. 



Type. 



Gortyna, Treit. Selimett, Eur. v. (2) p. 330 (1825) leucostigma. 

Heloiropha, Led. Noct. Eur. p. 118 (1857) leucostigma. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, tlie 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of irons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short ; frous smooth ; eyes 
large, rounded ; antenna of male typically ciliated ; head and ^tijprax clotlied 
chiefly with scales, the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests ; tibire 
modei-ately fringed with hair ; abdomen with doi-sal series of crests on basal 
segments. Fore wing with the apex rectangular, the termen creuulate ; veins 
3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from 
angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocelhilars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennas of male bipectinate with moderate branches ending in a 
bristle, the apex ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with the postmedial line black defined by grey on 

outer side japonica. 

B. Fore wing with the postmedial line very indistinct except 

at costa dolia. 



4313. Gortyna japonica. 

uplexia japonica, Leech, P. Z. S. 1889, p. 504, pi. 51. f. 4 (Nov. 1889). 
adena succincta, Gr£es. Eerl. ent. Zeit. xxxiii. p. 255 (March IbOt*); 



Eli. 
Ha den 

Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 175 



Head, thorax, and abdomen dark brown mixed with greyish, 
the tarsi ringed with white, the anal tuft more rufous. Fore wing 
greyish suft'used with dark brown, the postmedial area, except 




Fig. 3. — Gortyna japonica, (^ . \. 

towards costa and apex, paler ; subbasal line represented by a 
slight dark striga from costa ; antemedial line with two dark striae 
from costa and strongly excurved below cell ; claviform faintly 
defined by blackish at extremity ; orbicular indistinct, pale, slightly 
defined by brown, oblique elliptical ; renitbrm very iudistinctly 
defined by blackish and with small white lunule with point 



GORTTNA. 21 

above it oa its outer edge; postmedial liue black defined by greyish 
on outer side, indistinctly double towards costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then very sli2:htly waved, excurved to vein 4, bent 
inwards below vein 3, then oblique, some pale points beyond it 
on costa ; subterminal line very indistinct, greyish, defined on 
inner side by slight dark marks, angled outwards at vein 7 and 
slightly excurved at middle ; a terminal series of minute dark 
lunules; cilia with a fine pale line at base. Hind wing reddish 
brown, the terminal area darker ; cilia with a fine pale line at base ; 
the underside greyish thickly irrorated with brown, the costal area 
tinged with rufous, a dark discoidal spot and sinuous postmedial 
line. 

Hah. E. SiBERrA, Amurland, Ussuri, 1 c^ , 1 2 ; Japan, Oiwake' 
(Pn/fr), 1 cS , Yokohama {Pnjer), 2 J , 4 ? type. Ex^). 80-38 
millim. 



*4314. Gortyna dolia. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 17.) 

Hadcna dolia, Piing. Iris, xv. p. 151, pi. v. £f. 20, 21 (1902). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey-white mixed with dark brown, 
tarsi banded with fuscous. Fore wing grey-white tinged with 
brown, the medial area with dark brown suffusion in and below cell 
to submedian fold ; subbasal line represented by a black striga 
from costa ; a black streak in base of submedian fold ; an oblique black 
striga across the cell before the antemedial line, which is double 
filled in with whitish, the inner line indistinct, angled outwards and 
interrupted below costa, oblique to submedian fold, bent inwards 
to vein 1 and oldique to inner margin ; claviform moderate, defined 
by black; orbicular and reniform whitish defined by black, the 
former oblique elliptical, open above ; a slight blackish spot on 
middle of costa ; postmedial line with two slight blackish spots on 
costa, then very indistinct, strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then oblique to vein 3, then bent inwards to origin of vein 2, then 
distinct, defined by whitish on outer side and outwardly oblique to 
inner margin ; a slight oblique shade from costa at subterminal line 
to postmedial line at vein 3 ; subterminal line whitish with slight 
dentate brown marks before it between veina 5 and 2, slightly 
angled outwards at vein 7, dentate at veins 4, 3, then incurved, 
a dark streak from it to termen above vein 3, the area beyond ; a 
rather more tinged with brown except at apex ; a fine waved black 
terminal line ; cilia white at base and with series of slight dark 
lunules. Hind wing whitish tinged with brown especially in 
female, traces of a discoidal spot, sinuous postmedial line and 
diffused subterminal line with the area beyond it paler ; a fine 
dark terminal line ; cilia white at base ; the underside white, the 
costal and terminal areas irrorated with pale brown, a brown 
discoidal lunule, curved ])ostmedial line, and slight subterminal line. 

Eab. W. Turkestan, Ferghana, Togus-tarau, type f tS , Alexander 
^Its.. type 2 ill GoU. PUngeler. Kvji. 38 millim. 



22 NOC'TUID^. 

Sect. II. Anteniije of male hipectinate with short, branches ending in a 
bristle ; fore wing with the ternien slightly angled at vein iJ, then 
oblique to tornus. 

A. Fore wing witli the postmedial and terminal areas purplish 

fusoous, the veins of former streaked with white retis. 

B. Fore wing with the postmedial and terminal areas rufous caduca. 

4315. Gortyna retis. 

Eusf.rotia retis, Grote, Can. Ent. xi. p. 198 (1879); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 311. 

Head and thorax violaceous grey mixed with blackislj^and pale 
purplish piuk ; palpi and frons blackish ; tarsi black-brown ringed 
with white ; abdomen black-brown mixed with greyish and with 
sublateral series ot black points. Fore wing black-brown suffused 
with violaceous grey, the veins with slight pale streaks, veins 4, '6 
and veins 2 and 1 beyond postmedial line streaked with v/hile ; 




Fig. 4. — Gortijna retis, c?. \. 

Bubbasal line black, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; diffused 
oblique black bars across submedian interspaces and above inner 
margin before the antemedial line, which is indistinctly double, 
waved, somewhat oblique : claviform faintly defined by black scales ; 
orbicular and reniform small, with brownish centres defined by 
black and white annvili defined by black, the former oblique 
elliptical, the latter oblique and angled inwards on median nervure, 
the area beyond it and the submedian interspace before postmedial 
line suffnsed with black ; postmedial line black defined by white on 
outer side, strongly bent outwards below costa, then formed of 
small black lunnlts and with slight brown line beyond it, oblique, 
slijihtly incurved at discal fold and below vein 3, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; subterrainal line, white excurved below vein 7 
and at middle, then incurved; a terminal series of small black 
lunules sHghtly defined by white on inner side ; cilia chequered 
blackish and white at tips. Hind wing whitish, almost entirely 
suffused with fuscous brown ; a faint discoidal spot and sinuous 
postmedial line defined by whitish on outer side ; a terminal series 
of slight dark lunules ; cilia with a tine pale line at base ; the 
underside whitish irrorated with black-brown, a black discoidal 
spot, postmedial line bent outwards below costa, crenulate to vein 5, 
then oblique, and a diffused subterminal band towards tornus. 

Hah. U.S.A., Massachusetts. 1 $ , Pennsylvania, 1 S type. 
Kry. 32 millim. 



GOKTINA. 23 

4316. Gortyna caduca. (Plate CXXXVII. tig. 18.) 

Eustroda caduca, Grote, Can. Eut. viu. p. 207 (1376) : Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N.Am. p. 311. 

2. Head and thorax rufous glosso" with pinkish white, the 
metathorax blackish with a whitish patch ; tarsi fuscous ringed 
with white ; abdomen rufous suffused with dark brown. Pore 
wing pale rufous suffused with purplish grey to postmcdial line, 
towards which it is darker, the basal area irrorated with black ; 
antemedial line indistinct, waved, somewhat oblique ; orbicular 
and reniform small, rufous with slight pale annuli, the former 
oblique elliptical, the latter oblique ; postmedial line strongly bent 
outwards below eosta, angled outwards at vein 7, then oblique, 
minutely waved, excurved between veins 5 and 3 ; the postmedial 
costal area purplish brown with some pale points on costa ; sub- 
terminal line indistinct, pale, slightly excurved below vein 7 and 
at middle ; a terminal series of slight black lunules ; cilia rufous 
at base with black tips intersected with rufous. Hind wing 
reddish ochreous suffused with fuscous brown ; a faint dark discoidal 
point and postmedial and subterminal lines ; a fine waved black 
terminal line ; cilia ochreous with a dark line through them ; the 
underside ochreous tinged with rufous and irrorated with fuscous, 
a black discoidal spot and indistinct minutely waved postmedial 
line excurved below costa. 

Bab. Canada ; U.S.A., New York, New Jersey, Michigan, Jackson 
Co. (KelUcott), 1 2 type. Exp. 30 miilim. 

Sect. III. Antennae of male ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with the subterminal line shghtly dentate at 

veins 4, 3 reniformis. 

B. Fore wing with the subterminal line excurved at middle ... leucostigma. 



4317. Gortyna reniformis. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 19.) 

Luperina reniformis, Grote, Can. Ent. vi. p. 14 (1874) ; Smith, Cat. 

Koct. N. Am. p. 173. 
Heloiropha atra, Grote, Proc. Ac. Kat. Sci. Phil. 1874, p. 200. 

Head and thorax fuscous brown with ■ a few whitish scales ; 
tegulse with slight black medial line ; tarsi black ringed with white ; 
abdomen ochreous greyish suffused and irrorated with brown. 
Fore wing brown with a purplish gloss and slightly irrorated with 
black and white, a slight black streak below base of cell ; subbasal 
line represented by double black strige from costa and cell ; a 
blackish mark above inner margin before the antemedial line, 
which is double, slightly angled outwards below costa, then oblique, 
waved ; claviform moderate, defined by black ; orbicular and 
reniform with slight whitish annuli defined by black, the former 
oblique elliptical, open above, the latter produced at lower extremity 
and with whitish lunule on outer edge ; an indistinct medial line 
oblique from costa to vein 2 ; postmedial line indistinctly double 



24 NOCTUID^. 

filled in with whitish, hent outwards below costa, angled inwards 
in discal fold, oblique and sinuous below vein 4, the area beyond it 
somewhat paler, except towards costa on which are some whitish 
points ; subterminal line ochreous defined on inner side by reddish 
brown and with some blackish marks on outer edge, angled out- 
wards at vein 7 and dentate at veins 4, 3, the area beyond it 
bluish grey irrorated with white except at apex which is ochreous ; 
a terminal series of slight black lunules ; cilia brown with an 
ochreous line at base. Hind wing ochreous whitish, the veins and 
terminal half suffused with fuscous brown ; a fine black terminal 
line ; cilia ochreous with a dark line through them ; the underside 
ochreous white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated-with brown, 
a dark discoidal spot and sinuous postraedial line. 

Ab. 1. atra. Fore wing more uniform fuscous browni, the lunula 
on outer edge of reniform more prominent. 

Ab. 2. Brighter in colour ; metathoracic crest greyish ; fore 
wing with the medial area suffused with black, the postmedial area 
whitish ; median nervure and bases of veins 3, 4 streaked with 
white. 

Hah. Canada {Norman), 2 S , Manitoba, Aweme {Criddle), 2 c? ; 
U.S.A., INorthern, Middle, and Central States, IVew York (Double- 
day, Grate), 2 c^ , 4 5 , type and type atra. Exp. 40-50 millim. 

4318. Gortyna leucostigma. 

Nodua lemoi^tigma, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 375 (1808) ; Staud. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. ISn. 
Noctiici fibrosa, Hiibn. Eur. Scbmett., Noct. f,385 (1808) : Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. 1, 

p. 132. pi. 109. f. 4; Steph. 111. Brit. Eiit., Haust. iii. p. 7. 
Js'octua hmina, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 209 (1809). 
CerasUs lavis, Buti. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 181. 
7 Hydroecia k/iasiana, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 312, pi. 37. f. f) ; Hmpsn. 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 234. 

Head and thorax rufous tinged with purplish and mixed with 
some grey ; tarsi ringed with white ; pectus with ochreous hair ; 




Fig. 5. — Gortyna leucostigma, cJ . \. 

abdomen pale ochreous dorsally slightly tinged with fuscous, the 
crests tipped with grey. Fore wing rufous suffused with purplish 
especially on the inner and postmedial areas, the veins with dark 
streaks irrorated with white ; subbasal line double, waved, from 
costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line indistinctly double, slightly 
Waved, oblique from costa tc vein 1 and bent inwards to inner 



GOKTTXA.— APAMEA. 25 

margin ; claviform well developed, rufous defined by brown ; 
orbicular and reniform with slight white annuli defined by brown, 
the former oblique elliptical, the latter with its lower extremity 
produced and prominent ochreous lunule on its outer edge ; an 
indistinct dentate medial line oblique from costa to vein 2 ; post- 
medial line double at costa, then defined by greyish on outer side 
and with double series of black points beyond it on the veins, bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely waved and oblique below vein 
4, some white points beyond it on costa; subterminal line ochreous 
defined by rufous on inner side and with the area beyond it blackish 
except at apex, angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle; 
a terminal series of slight black lunules ; cilia fuscous brown with 
fine pale line at base. Hind wing gi-eyish uniformly suffused with 
brown and slightly tinged with ochreous ; cilia whitish with a 
brown line through them : the underside whitish irrorated with 
brown, a slight discoidal lunule and indistinct sinuous postmedial 
line. 

Ab. 1. IcB'ns. Larger. 

Ab. 2. fibrosa. Fore wing rather paler, the postmedial area 
whitish except towards costa. 

/Jab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France ; Germany, Zeller, Frey, and 
Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; 
Sweden; Russia, Livonia, Urals; W. Tprkestan, Issyk-Kul ; 
W. Siberia, Altai, 1 <^ , 2 $ ; E. Siberia, Amurland, 2 (j , 1 $, 
Ussuri ; Japan, Hakodate (Andreiues), 1 5 , Tokio (Maries), 1 d , 
1 $ type Icpvis, Yokohama (Lewis, Pryer), 3 J , 2 5 ; Corea, 
Gensan (Leech), 1 cJ,3§ ; N. China, AVei-ha-wei (Fletcher), 1 ? ; 
C. China, Chekiang (Fryer), 1 c3" ; ? Assam, Khiisis. -filrp. 40- 
48 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 135; Barrett, Lep. Brit. t. p. 59, pi. 191. f. 1. 

Dark grey-brown ; dorsal and subdorsal lines faintly paler ; dots 
blackish ; head dark brown ; thoracic plate black ; anal plate sur- 
rounded by a ridge. Food-plants : in stems of Claclium mariscus, 
Iris j^seudacorus, &c. 5-7. 



Genus APAMEA. 

Apamea, Ochs. Schniett. Eur. iv. p. 75 (1816), non clescr. ; Treit. Type. 
Schmett. Eur. v. (2) p. 81 (1825) nictitans. 

Probospis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and fringed vvitb hair in front, the 3rd short, blunt; frons 
smooth ; eyes large, rounded ; antennre of male ciliated ; head and thorax 
clothed with hair and hair-like .scales, tegulae produced to a sliglit dorsal ridge, 
the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests ; tibife moderately fringed with 
hair ; abdomen with dorsal series of crests on basal segment.s and lateral fringes 
of hair. Fore wing triangular, the apex rectangular, the termen evenly curved; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 5 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anasto- 
mosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



26 



xocrriD-E. 



A. Fore wing with the antemedial line double. 

a. Fore wing with the antemedial line waved. 

«'. Fore wing red-brown, without yellow tinge. 

«■-. Fore wing with white points on outer edge of 

reniform butleri. 

b^. Fore wing without white points on outer edge of 

reniform velata. 

bK Fore wing more or less strongly tinged with yellow. 

a^. Hind wing suffused with brown nictitans. 

b"^. Hind wing white tinged with rufoua ; fore wing with 

the reniform white ochreola. 

c^. Hind wing ochi-eous tinged with rufous ; fore wing 

with the reniform not white senilis. 

b. Fore wing with the antemedial line evenly curved ^^», lunata. 

E. Fore wiug with the antemedial line single erepta. 

4319. Apamea Mtleri. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 20.) 
Apnmea butleri, Leech, Trans. Eut. Soc. 1900, p. 64. 

5 . Head and thorax grey-brown with a few white scales ; tarsi 
with pale rings ; abdomen grey snffused with brown, the dorsal 
crests black. Fore wing cupreous red-brown with slight dark 
irroration, the medial and terminal areas faintly tinged with fuscous ; 
subbasal line defined by grey on outer side, waved, from costa to 
submediau fold ; antemedial line double filled in with grey, bent 
inwards below costa, then oblique, minutely waved; claviform 
defined by blackish ; orbicular and reniform with fuscous centres 
and slight brown annuli defined by black, the former round, the 
latter slightly angled inwards on median nervure and with white 
lunule and points on its outer edge ; an indistinct rather diff'used 
medial line, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell; postmedial 
line indistinctly double filled in with grey, bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely dentate and produced to black and white 
points on the veins, obli([ue below vein 4, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line indistinct, pale, defined by 
slight brown suffusion on inner side, angled outwards at vein 7 and 
slightly excurved at middle ; a terminal series of small black 
lunules ; cilia fuscous and grey with fine pale line at base. Hind 
wing greyish nearly evenly sufl'used with pale brown ; a slight 
brown terminal line ; cilia with a fine pale line at base ; the under- 
side grey ; the costal area thickly irrorated with brown, a dark 
discoidal lunule, sinuous diffused postmedial line, and terminal series 
of small lunules. 

Hah. \y. China, Omei-shan, 1 $ type. Exp. 36 millim, 

4320. Apamea velata. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 21.) 

Apamea velata, Wlk. xxxii. 671 (1865); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 174. 
Hydracia sera, Grote & Rob. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. i. p. 345, pi. 7. f. 55 
(1868). 

Head and thorax red-brown tinged with grey ; sides of palpi and 
frons dark brown ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen grey 
sufi'used with brown, the crests dark at tips, the lateral fringes and 
anal tuft reddish. Fore wing pale red-brown sufi'used with deep 



APAMEA. 27 

red-brown on medial and terminal areas except at apex ; subbasal 
line indistinct, double, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line double, waved, oblique; claviform absent; orbicular 
and reniform witb pale reddish centres and slight grey annuli defined 
by dark brown, the former oblique elliptical, the latter narrow and 
constricted at middle; a diffused red-brown medial line, oblique 
from costa to median nervure ; postmedial line double, the lines 
widely separated, the outer line indistinct and with dark points on 
tlie veins, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, excurved 
to vein 4, then incurved, some minute pale points beyond it on costa ; 
subtcrminal line pale reddish, indistinct, defined on inner side by 
dark brown and with brown patch before it on costa ; angled 
outwards at vein 7 ajid excurved at middle ; a fine waved black 
terminal line: cilia dark brown with a whitish line at base. Hind 
wing grey suffused with fuscous, the termen rather paler ; a fine 
dark terminal line ; cilia whitish with a brown line through them ; 
the underside whitish irrorated with brown, the costal area tinged 
with rufous, a slight discoidal lunule, sinuous postmedial line, and 
indistinct diffused subterminal line. 

Bah. Canada (iVor»ifm), 1 d" , 1 $ , Nova Scotia (JRedman), 1 5 , 
Ontario, Ottawa (Saimders), 2 2 > London (Saundei-s), 2 (S , 1 5 ; 
U.S.A., Maine to Pennyslvania andW. to Iowa and Missouri, New 
York (Doubkdcn/, Pacl-ard), 1 d , 5 § , Evans Center (Grate), 2 J. 
E.xj>. 38-40 millim. 

4321. Apamea nictitans. 

Nociuanictitans, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. xii. p. 847 (I7fi6) ; Esp. Schmett. iv. 

pi. 126. ff. 5-() ; Borkh. Eur. Schmett., Noct. p. 468 (1792) ; Dup. Lep. 

Fr. Tii. p. 58, pi. 104. f. 2; Stepli. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 7; Smith, 

Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 174 ; Stuud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 18ti. 
Nochta chrysographa, Schiff. VA ien. Verz. p. 313 (1776); Hiibn. Eur. 

Schmett., Noct. f. 22 L 
Noctua mijopa, Fabr. Ent. S,vst. 3. 2, p. 116 (1794). 
NoL-tua cinerago, Fabr. Ent. Syst. Suppl. p. 445 (1798). 
Kociua auricula, Don. Nat. Hist. Brit. Ins. xii. p. 5, pi. 397. f. 3 (1S07). 
Nocfva erythro&fkjma, Haw. Lep. Brit, p. 240 (1809). 
Nociua, fucom-, Fn-. Beitr.iii. p. 152, pi. 141. f. 2 (1830). 
Apamea Ivcens, Prv. Neue Beitr. v. p. 143, pi. 468. ff. 3, 4 (1845) ; Ilerr.- 

Schaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 285-8 (1847). 
Hydroecia. americana,, Spryer, Stett. ent. Zeit. sxsvi. p. 152 (1875). 
Hijdroecia paludis, Tutt, Ent. xxi. pi. 1. ff. 1-6 (1888). 
Hyd.racia. Insca, Smith, List Lep. N. Am. p. 45 (1891). 
Hydrcecia pallescens. Staud. Iris, xii. p. 342 (1899). 
Bydroecia pacifica, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. See. xxvi p. 19 (1899). 
Hydroeca aikintwa, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxvi. p. 18 (1899). 
Hydrcecia inieroceanica. Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxvi. p. 17 (1899). 
Hydroecia criiianensis, Burrows, Ent. Eec. xx. p. 184 (1908). 

Head and thorax orange-red ; tegulse with the basal half yellower 
with a brown medial line ; abdomen pale orange-red, the base rather 
greyer and slightly tinged with brown, the crests somewhat darker, 
Forewingorange-red suffused with rufous, especially on medial area; 
subbasal line indistinct, double, minutely waved, from costa to sub- 
median fold ; antemedial line double, waved, oblique ; claviform 
absent : orbicular orange defined by brown, round ; reniform 



28 



NOCTUID^, 





defined bj' brown, its inner part orange, a white central lunula 
defined by brown, its upper and outer parts white broken up into 
spots by streaks on the veins ; a diffused brown medial line, oblique 
from costa to median nervure ; postmedial line double, the lines 
widely separated and with traces of another line between them, 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, excurved to vein 4, 






Fig. (>. — AjMmea^iiciitans, J.' \. 

then incurved, some minute pale points beyond it on costa ; sub- 
terminal line angled outwards at vein 7 and inwards at discal and 
submedian folds, excurved at middle; a deep red-brown line just 
before termen ; cilia dark brown. Hind wing pale rufous suffused 
with fuscous except at termen; a fine brown terminal line; cilia 
pale rufous, whitish at tips; the underside whitisli, the costal area 
suffused with rufous, a small dark discoidal spot, sinuous postmedial 
line, and diffused subterminal line. 

Ab. 1. lucens. Larger. 

Ab. 2. erytlirosiigma. Fore wing with the reniform orange. 

Ab. 3. americana. Fore wing rather more orange-red. — E. States 
and Canada. 

Ab. 4. iriteroceanica. Fore wing browner. — W. Canada. 

Ab. 6. pacified. Fore wing greyer. — California. 

Ab. 6. pallescens. Much paler ; fore wing ochreous white tinged 
with brown. — "VV. and E. Turkestan. 

Bah. Canada, Hudson's Bay, Nova Scotia {Redman), 4 J , 
Eenfrew Co., 13 J, Ontario, (Gibson), 1 5 , Ottawa (Gibson), 1 J , 
1 $, Manitoba (FJetclier), 1 $, Aweme (CricWZe), 2 J, Beulah 
(Dennis), 1 d , Alberla, Calgary (Wolley-Dod), 5 cJ , ] 2 ; U.S.A., 
E. States (Pacl-ard, Sp€y,'r), 8 d" , 3 $ , Colorado (Cocherell), 2 J ; 
Britain, Leech Coll. ; France ; Germany, Zeller & Leech Colls. ; 
Austria; Hungary; Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; N. Italy ; Scandi- 
navia ; KussiA, Livonia, Zeller Coll., St. Petersburg, Zeller Coll., 
tFrals ; Armenia; W. Turkestan; Ferghana; W.Siberia, Altai; 
E. Turkestan, 1 J , Thian Shan, Korla ; Tibet, Amdo ; E. Siberia, 
Amurland, Ussuri; Kamstshaigar; Japan, Hakodate, 2 c? , Oiwake 
(Pryer). 2 S -, Tokio (Maries), 1 J, 3 § ; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 
3 $ ; W. China, Chang Yang (Pratt), 1 $ . Exp. 34-40 millim. 

Larva. Mejr. Brit. Lep. p. 1.35 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 6.7, pi. 192. 

Ochreous grey or pinkish grey ; dorsal, subdorsal, lateral, and 
spiracular lines pale greyish ochreous ; head pinkish ochreous ; 
thoracic plate yellow-brown. Food-plauts : Grasses. 6-7. 



APAMEA, !^9 

4322. Apamea ochreola. 

Ilydroecia ochreola Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1882, p. 42; Alpli. Eom. Mem. 

V. p. 164, pi. 7. f. B ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 186. 
Luperina renalis, Alph. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1887, p. 170. 

9. . Head and thorax pale red mixed with yellowish : abdomen 
ochreous suffused with pale red, the ventral surface red. Fore wing 
yellow thickly irrorated with red, the end of cell and area beyond it 
to ])ostme(lial line suffused with red ; subbasal line red, double, 
waved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial Hue red, double, 
the lines well separated, waved, somewhat oblique : orbicular 
defined by red, small, somewhat oblique elliptical; reniform white 
slightly defined by blackish, a narrow oblique liinule with its upper 
and lower extremities curved inwards and a slight line of red scales 
in centre; a diffused sinuous medial red line, oblique from costa to 
median nervure ; postmedial line red, double, the lines well separated, 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, excurved to vein 
4, then incurved ; a very indistinct curved waved subterminal line ; 
a fine waved red terminal line ; cilia red with a paler line at base. 
Hind wing white tinged with red especially on the veins ; the 
underside white irrorated with red, a curved red postmedial line. 

Hah. W. Turkestan, ?Perghana, Saisan, Ala Tau, Aulic-Ala, 1 $ . 
Exp. 42 miljira. 

*4323. Apamea senilis. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 22.) 

Hydrcxcia senilis. Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. See. xxi. p. 73, pi. 1, row 1, 
f. 6 (1894); Dyar, Cat. Lep. N Ain. p. 175. 

$ . Head and thorax bright rufous mixed with ochreous ; 
abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous. Eore wing ochreous suffused 
with rufous ; subbasal line rufous, indistinct, oblique, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial line double, the lines widely 
separated, waved, curved ; claviform moderate, defined by rufous ; 
orbicular and reniform defined by rufous, the former elliptical ; an 
indistinct medial line, oblique from costa to median nervure, then 
inwardly oblique ; postmedial line double, bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely waved, excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; aa 
indistinct double minutely waved subterminal line ; a fine red- 
brown terminal line ; cilia rufous. Hind wing ochreous uniformly 
tinged with rufous ; the underside with the costal area rather 
deeper rufous. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, New Mexico, White Mts. in Coll. J. B. 
Smith. Exp. 44 millim. 

*4324. Apamea lunata. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 23.) 

Apamea lunata, Sniitli, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xviii. p. 110 (18'J1); id. Cat. 

INocl. N. Am. p. 173. 
Hydroecia alhilanata, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Sue. xxvi. p. 14 (1899); 

Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 174. 

Head and thorax reddish ochreous ; abdomen white tinged 



30 NocxtriD^. 

with red. Fore wing ochreous irrorated with red ; subbasal line 
absent; antenicdial line line, whitish, evenly curved; claviform and 
orbicular absent ; reniform a narrow white lunule defined by black 
scales ; tiie veins of medial area slightly irrorated with black ; 
postinedial line fine, whitish, bent outwards below costa, excnrved 
to vein 4, then oblique, some white points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line pale, defined on inner side by a dark shade at 
costa, then by a series of points in the interspaces ; a fine brown 
terminal line. Hind wing whitish tinged with red, somewhat 
more deeply on terminal area ; the underside whitish irrorated 
with red. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Alameda, Mt. Schasta ^tr. Exp. 28- 
34 raillim. This species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing 
from type in U.S. Nat. Mus. 



4325. Apamea erepta. (Plate CXXXVTI. fig. 24.) 

Gortyna erepta, Grote, Bull. U. S. Greol. Geog. Surv. Terr. vi. p. 267 
(1881); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 175. 

$ . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with rufous ; sides of palpi 
and frons with some dark brown scales ; pro- and metathoracic 
crests tipped with dark brown ; abdomen ochreous with diHused 
lateral purple-brown stripes. Fore wing ochreous yellow irrorated 
with rufous, especially on costal half, the veins slightly streaked 
with brown ; subbasal line diffused, rufous, oblique from costa to 
median nervure ; antemedial line red-brown, obli(jue from costa to 
submedian fold, then waved ; claviform represented by an oblique 
rufous striga at its extremity ; orbicular with slight whitish 
annulus defined by diffused rufous ; reniform a white lunule 
defined by dark brown, diffused on inner side ; postmedial line 
red-brown, bent outwards below costa, excnrved to vein 4, then 
oblique ; subterminal line rufous, very indistinct and interrupted, 
excnrved at vein 7 ; a fine red-brown terminal line; cilia yellow- 
tipped with red-brown. Hind wing pale yellow, the terminal area 
slightly irrorated with red- brown; a slight brownish discoidal 
lunule, faint diffused curved postmedial line and slight terminal 
line from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costal and 
terminal areas slightly irrorated with red- brown, a slight discoidal 
lunule and diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Kansas, Douglas Co. (Snow), 1 $ type. Exp. 36 
millim. 



Genus ACHATODES. 

Ijpe. 
Achatodes, Guen. Noct. i. p. 13:: (1852) eets. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi obliquely povrect, extending to slightly 
beyond frons, the 2nd joint moderately fringed with hair, the 3rd sb.ort ; 
f rous with large tuft of hair and pointed corneous process ; eyes large, round ; 



aohatodes. 



31 



antennre of male ciliated and with vidge of scales on base of shaft ; thorax 
clotlied with scales and hair mixed and with broad dorsal ridge of long scales; 
tibiffi moderately fringed with hair; abdomen with dorsal series of large 
crests, lateral tuits of liair on terminal segments and large spreading anal tult. 
Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly 
creniilate veins ',} and fj from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of 
dii^cocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

A. Hind wing whitish tinged with brown : sees.* 

B. Hind wing dark brown Juance. 



4326. Achatodes zesB. 

Giwtyva ::cs, Harr. Ins. inj. to Veg. 1st ed. p. 319 (1841); id. Flint ed. 

p.'439, pi. 7. f. 9; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 179. 
Avhitodes sandix, Giien. Noct. i. p. 132, pi. 6. f. 4 (1852). 

Head and thorax fiery red mixed with pale yellow ; palpi and 
sides of frons dark brown ; tegulte with brown patches at sides ; 
patagia with brown upper edges ; pectus and legs dark brown, the 
tarsi ringed with wliite ; abdomen dorsally fiery red, ventrally 
dark brown. Fore wing with the costal half grey-brown suftused 
with fiery red at base, in end of cell and at apex, the inner half 
grey with some red suflPusion at base, middle and termen, the veins 
with dark streaks ; subbasal line indistinct, double, from costa to 
median nervure ; antemedial line indistinct, double, waved, Avith 
black point on its inner edge at vein 1, nearly erect ; claviform 
small, defined by brown ; orbicular small, narrow, oblique, with 
brown centre and grey annulus ; reniform grey, its centre defined 
by brown, rather oblique ; an indistinct oblique waved red line 




Fig. 7. — Achatodes ze<B, t^ . 



from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line brown 
defined by grey on outer side, slightly bent outwards below costa, 
oblique to vein 6, then dentate and produced to a double series of 
black points on the veins, oblique below vein 4, some grey points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line yellow, from costa to vein 
and bent outwards at vein 7, then rej^resented by a series of slight 
yellow spots on red streaks in the interspaces, somewhat excurved 
at middle ; a terminal series of slight dark spots ; cilia brown with 



32 NOCTCID.^, 

series of slight whitish spots. Hind wing white suffused with 
grej'-browii, especially on costal area, the terminal area rather 
whiter ; an indistinct discoidal spot, curved postmedial line, and 
diffused subterminal line ; a brown terminal line ; cilia white 
tinged with brown towards apex ; the underside white, the costal 
area tinged with red and irrorated with brown, a dark discoidal 
spot and rather ditlused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Canada ; U.S.A., Xorthern, Middle, Central and Southern 
States, New York, Trenton Falls (Douhledaij), 5 J type sandix, 
Evans Center (, G'rote), 2 c? , 1 $ , Florida {Douhleday), 1 J , Colorado. 
Exp. 28-34 millim. 

Larva. Head black, polished. Body cylindrical/"whitish, the 
tubercles and shields all large, shining black. Food-plant : Elder 
(SawMicus). N.B. — Not Indian corn (Zea), which is an error. — 
H.G.D. 



Achatoclesjvavcs, Scliaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 232 (1894); Driice, 
Eiol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 478, pi. 93. f. 15. 



4327. Achate des juansB. 

jliaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xx 
Het. ii. p. 478, pi. 93. f. 15. 

Head and thorax red-brown, the vertex of head fiery red, the 
metathorax with some red scales; tarsi ringed with white; abdomen 
red-brown, the crests fiery red. Fore wing dark red-brown, the 
inner area redder, the apex red, the interspaces of terminal area 
with red streaks ; subbasal line indistinct, waved, from costa to 
submedian fold ; anttmedial line indistinct, double, waved, nearly 
erect; orbicular and reniform indistinctly defined by blackish, the 
former round, the latter somewhat angled inwards on median 
uervure ; an indistinct oblique waved line from lower angle of cell 
to inner margin ; postmedial line double, slightly bent outwards 
below costa, oblique to vein 6, then minutely dentate, oblique 
below vein 4, some white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal 
line represented by a series of slight yellow points with more 
distinct spot above vein 7; a teiminal series of slight brown 
lunules ; cilia dark brown with slight greyish lines at base and 
middle. Hind wing dark red-brown, some yellowish on termen 
towards tornus ; cilia broM'n mixed with greyish, some whitish 
points at base, from apex to vein 4, and a dark line at middle; the 
underside with indistinct dark diffused curved medial line, the 
teiminal area suffused and irrorated with greyish. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa {Trvjillo, Hoer/c), 2 cT , 1 2, Godman- 
Balvin Coll., Teapa, Vera Cruz. Hay. 6 36, $ 40 millim. 



Genus XANTH(ECIA, nov. 

Type, X. fla vago. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi obliquely porieet, the 2ncl joiut fringed 
with long hair below, the ord short ; frons with pointed conical prominence ; 
eyes large, round ; antennas of male ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and 
hair4ike scales, the tegulae produced to a slight dorsal ridge, prothorax with 



XANTHCECIA. 33 

sharp triangular ridge-like crest, the raetathorax with divided crest; tibiie 
fringed with long hair; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore win o- 
with tlie apex somewhat produced and acute, the termen nearly straight to 
vein 3, then oblique and hardly creaulafe ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
11 from cell. Hiud wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent 
from below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing purplish-red buffaloetisis. 

B. Fore wing yellow Jlavago. 



4328. Xanthoecia buffaloensis. (Plate CXXXVII. iig. 25.) 

Ochria buffaloensis, Grrote, Can. Ent. ix. p. 88 (1877) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am.'p. 179. 

2 . Head and thorax deep purplish red, the scales tipped witli 
grey ; abdomen paler purplish red. Fore wing purplish red, the 
ante- and pcstmedial areas more purple ; the veins with dark 
streaks; subbasal line double, waved, from costa to submedian fold; 
antemedial line double, waved, angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular 
white tinged with yellow and dotined by rufous, small, elliptical; 
reuiform white tinged with yellow and defined by rufous, its centre 
with sinuous yellow line defined by red, its lower extremity broken 
up into spots by streaks on the veins, narrow and constricted at 
middle ; medial line oblique fi'om costa to lower angle of cell, then 
sinuous ; postmedial lino double, the outer line purplish fuscous, 
bent outwards below costa and oblique below vein 6, some pale 
points beyond it on costa; subterminal line brown, angled outwards 
at vein 6, dentate at veins 4, 3, 2 ; a terminal series of slight 
brown striae ; cilia brown with a few whitish scales and slight red 
line at base. Hind wing ochreous suffused with brown and 
purplish red except at base ; an indistinct brown postmedial line ; 
a slight rufous terminal line ; the underside yellowish suffused 
with rufous, a slight brown discoidal lunule and nearly straight 
postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Xew York, Buffalo {Miss M. Walker), 1 $ type. 
jKrp. 46 millim. 

4329. Xanthoecia flavago. 

Noctua. jlavago, Schiflf. Wien. Verz. p. 86 (1776) ; Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 112. 

ff. 2-4 (1788) ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Nort. tf. 186-7; Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. 

p. 252, pi. 116. f. 2 ; Fr)-. Neiie Beitr. pi. 484 ; Sepp, Ins. i. pt. 4, pi. iii. ; 

Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 70. 
Noctua ockracea, Hubn. Beitr. i. 1, p. 19, pi. 2. f. M (1786); Staud. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 187. 
Gortyna cinurea, Gooss. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1880, p. 157. 

Head and thorax rufous mixed with brown and grey, the base of 
tegulse rather redder ; abdomen yellow suffused with rufous. JFore 
wing yellow irrorated with red, the ante- and postmedial areas 

VOL. IX. D 



34 



NOCTUIDJE. 



red-brown tinged with grej, the veins streaked with red-brown ; 
subbasal line red detined by yellow on outer side, angled outwards 
on subcostal and median nervures, incurved in cell and ending on 
vein 1, a yellow point beyond it in cell ; antemedial line double, 
red filled in with yellow, incurved in subniedian interspace and 
excurved above inner margin ; claviform rounded, yellow defined by 
red ; orbicular and reniform yellow defined by red-brown and with 
some red irroration in centres, the former round, the latter some- 
Avhat angled inwards on median nervure and with its centre defined 
by red-brown ; a rather diffused red medial line oblique below 
SLibmedian fold and ending at antemedial line ; postmedial line 




Fig. 8. — Xanllnjccla flavago, (^ 



double filled in with yellow, the inner line minutely waved, bent 
outwards below costa, oblique and somewhat sinuous below vein 4, 
some yellow points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line red, 
incurved below costa, at discal fold and below vein 3; a fine red- 
brown terminal line ; cilia red-brown tinged with greyish. Hind 
wing pale yellow, the veins red-brown ; a faint red-brown discoidal 
lunule. sinuous postmedial line, diffused subterminal band and fine 
terminal line ; cilia yellow tinged with rufous at base ; the 
•underside slightly irrorated with red-brown, the costal area 
suffused with red, the postmedial line more diffused, straight 
and oblique. 

Ab. 1. cinarea. Fore wnng pale yellow or reddish grey, the 

stigmata almost obsolete, a dark patch between orbicular and 

reniform, the terminal area of the ground-colour or violet-brown 

without pale apical patch ; hind wing whitish or greyish without 

markings. — -Algeria. 

Hah. .Bkitain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Germany, 

Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; Switzerland ; 

? Corsica; Italy; Algeria; Sweden; Eussia, Livonia, Zeller Coll.; 

Armenia ; Asia Minor, Pontus ; W. Siberia, Altai. Exp. 34^46 

millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 110; Barrett, Lep. Brit. y. p. 75, pi. 193. 

f. 2. 

Ochreous whitish to pale brownish, sometimes tinged with 

pink ; warts large, black ; head yellow-brown ; thoracic plate 

dark brown. Food-plants : stems of Carduus, Arctium, l^cr- 

bascum, &c. 5-8. 



iiTDRa:cr\. 



3o 



Genus HYDECECIA. 

Gorft/na, Ochs. Schmett.. Eur. iv. p. 82 (1816), non descr. ; Type. 

Hiibn. Verz. p. 23:2 (1827), nee Treifc. 1825 micacea. 

Hydrxcia, Dup. Cat. Math. p. 114(1844) micacea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, tbe 2nd joint reacliing about to 
middle of frons and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd short ; frons 
smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenna; of male typically minutely serrate ; 
thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales, tlio tegulffi produced to a slight 
dorsal ridge, the prothorax with sliarp triangular crest, the nietathorax with 
spreading crest; tibia; moderately fringed with hair; abdomen with some 
rough hair at base, dorsal crest on 1st segment and lateral fringes of hair. 
Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced and acute, the termen evenlv 
curved and hardly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; o obsolescent from middle 
of discocellulars ; t>, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 



Sect. I. Antennas of male bipectinate with long branches, tbe apex ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with the claviform and orbicular white, the 

reniform surrounded by white spots serrafa. 

B. Fore wing without white on the stigmata. 

a. Fore wing yellow tinged with rufous ; hind wing 

yellowish o.iseola. 

h. Fore and liind wings brownish white .. Imcherardi. 



4330. Hydrcecia serrata. 

Gorhjna sen-ata, Grote, N. Am. Ent. i. p. 04(1880); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 179. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen fiery red mixed with white. Fore 
wing pale fiery red with some yellowish white on basal area ; 
subbasal line double, red filled in with yellowish, waved, from costa 
to vein 1, with small white spot beyond it in cell ; antemedial line 




Yig.'d.— Hydrcecia serrata, (^ . \. 

red, incurved in submedian interspace and with white points before 
it below submedian fold ; claviform large, rounded, white defined by 
red and bisected by a red streak in submedian fold ; orbicular 
large, round, white defined by red-brown and with red point in 
centre ; reniform large with pale yellow irregular bar in centre 



30 NOCTriD.E. 

surrounded b}' white spots defined by rufous ; postmcdial line 
slight, rufous, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, 
incurved below vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line indistinct, rufous, incurved to vein 6 and with some 
yellowish beyond it, then minutely waved ; a fine red-brown 
terminal line. Hind win<^ yellowish irrorated with brown and 
suffused with rufous on terminal area; cilia white at tips; the 
underside yellowish, the costal and terminal areas suffujsed with 
rufous, a slight brown discoidal spot and curved postmedial line 
slightly waved towards costa. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado (CocJcerell), 2 $ , Denver, c? in Coll. Bird. 
Ex/). 36 millim. V. 



*4331. Hydroecia osseola. 

Hi/drxcla osseola, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1882, p. 43; Alph. Eom. Mem. 

'ix. p. 31. pi. 3. f. 4; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 187. 
Hydracia biirkhana, Alph. Hor. Ent. See. Ross. xxvi. p. 450 (_1892). 

S . Head and thorax yellow slightly tinged with rufous ; abdo- 
men white tinged with yellow. Fore wing yellow slightly suffused 
and irrorated with rufous ; subbasal line faint, rufous, angled out- 
wards below costa and ending at submedian fold ; antemedial line 
faint, double, rufous, erect ; claviform a slight rufous mark ; orbi- 
cular and reniform slightly defined by rufous, the former rather 
elongate elliptical, the latter obliiiue and with its outer edge diffused ; 
medial Hue rufous, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then 
inwardly oblique ; po«tmedial line fine, rufous, excurved below 
costa, then oblique, slightly defined on outer side by rufous ; sub- 
terminal line whitish defined on each side by rufous suffusion, 
slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a fine rufous 
terminal line. Hind wing yellowish white ; the underside with 
the costal area tinged with reddish yellow. 

Hah. W. Tttrkestan, Uralsk, in Coll. Piingeler, Tarbagatai Mts. ; 
Tibet, Amdo. Exp. 42 millim. 



*4332. Hydroecia hucherardi. (Plate CXL. fig. 5.) 

Hi/drcecia hucherardi, Mab. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1907, p. 37. 

(^ . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white slightly tinged 
with brown, the sides of palpi and frons browner. Fore wing 
ochreous white slightly tinged and irrorated with brown ; very 
faint traces of a double curved antemedial line; claviform a faint 
brownish streak ; orbicular absent ; reniform a fuscous oblique bar 
somewhat constricted at middle ; postmedial line fine, dark, defined 
on outer side by whitish, slightly excurved below costa, then 
oblique ; subterminal line represented by a fuscous shade on its 
inner side, very slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; 
a fine dark terminal line ; cilia dark brown at tips. Hind wing 



HYDRCECIA. 6( 

white very faiatly tinged with ochreous ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly irrorated with fuscous. 

JJab. "W. France, Charente Inf., Eoyau in Coll. Hucherard. 
Ex2}. d 42, 5 52 millim. 

Skct. II. AntennsB of male bipectinate with very short fasciculate branches. 

A. Foi'e wing of male white tinged with rufous, of female grey 

with the medial area rufous pallesceiis. 

B. Fore wing of both sexes ochreous-white tinged with rufous., medicdis. 



4333. Hydrcecia pallescens. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 26.) 

Hydrcecia pallescens, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxvi. p. 25 (1899) ; 
Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 175. 

S . Head and thorax white slightly tinged with rufous ; tarsi 
rufous ringed with white ; abdomen white with a very faint rufous 
tinge. Fore wing white tinged with rufous, more stronglj^ on 
medial area except towards costa ; suhbasal line indistinct, whitish, 
angled outwards on subcostal uervure and ending at subniedian 
fold; antemedial line white, angled inwards on subcostal nervure, 
strongly excurved to submedian fold, then sinuous ; claviform 
represented by a faint pale mark ; orbicular and renitorm whitish, 
undefined, the former rather oblique elliptical ; postmedial line 
white, strongly bent outwards below costa, then very oblique and 
slightly sinuous ; subterminul line whitish slightly defined by rufous 
on outer side, somewhat excurved at vein 7 and middle; cilia white 
at base, tinged with rufous at tips. Hind wing white with a faint 
yellowish tinge, the cilia pure white ; the underside with the costa 
faintly tinged with rufous, an indistinct sinuous postmedial line. 

5 • Head, thorax, abdomen, and wings with the ground-colour 
grey. 

Hah. Canada, Alberta, Calgary {WoUey-Dod), 2 d , 1 $ , High E. 
{Baird), 1 (S ,1 2'y U.S.A., Oregon, Fort Klamath. Kijj. oO miilim. 

4334. Hydrcecia medialis. 

Hydrcecia medialis, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 74 (1894) ; Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. JS. Am. p. 175. 

(S . Head and thorax bright rufous mixed with yellowish ; 
abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous. Fore wing ochreous-white 
tinged with rufous and slightly irrorated with red-brown, a broad 
band of rufous sutt'usiou before the postmedial line Irom costa to 
vein 1 ; antemedial line very indistinct, rufous, oblique from costa 
to submedian fold, then slightly incurved ; orbicular large, round, 
defined by a fine rufous line except above ; renitorm large, defined 
by a fine rufous line, the upper extremity produced ; postmedial line 
white, strongly bent outwards below costa and very oblique below 
vein 7 ; subterminal line very indistinct, pale, angled outwards at 
vein 7, excurved at middle, then oblique ; a tine rutous terminal 



38 



XOCTUlD-i:. 



line ; cilia rufous with an ochreous line at base. Hind wing white 
suffused with brownish ochreous; the underside white suffused with 
yellow. 




.#K«- 




Fig. 10. — Hydroecia medkdis, S ■ 



Hah. U.S A., Washington, Colorado, Glenwood Springs, Custer 
Co., Cusack Uanch (Cockei-ell), 2 J . Exj). 48 millim. 

Sect. III. Antenna of male strongly serrate and fasciculate. 

A. Fore wing bright rufous, the medial area deep rufous cervogo. 

B. Fore wing ochreous white tinged with red-brown especially 

on medial area ohiiqua. 

C. Fore wing with the ground-colour yellowish, the claviforin 

whitish with a dark cross on it jiucngehri. 



*4335. Hydroecia cervago. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 27.) 

Gorfyna cervago, Ev. Bui). Mosc. 1844, iii. p. 594, pi. 16. ff. 1, a-c, & 
Iboo, iv. p. 37t) ; id. Fauu. Volg. & Ur. p. 612 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. 
p. 187. 

(5 . Head and thorax bright rufous ; antennae with the shaft 
white ; abdomen paler rufous. Fore wing ptile bright rufous, the 
medial area deep rufous ; antemedial line rufous defined on inner 
side by whitish, angled inwards on subcostal nervure and vein 1 
and outwards in submedian fold ; orbicular and reniform pale 
rufous, the former small, rather oblique elliptical, the latter narrow 
with rufous line in middle ; postmedial line rufous defined on outer 
side by whitish, bent outwards below costa, then oblique, some 
whitish points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line pale, defined 
on inner side by rufous suffusion, slightly ex curved below vein 7 
and at middle ; the veins of terminal area slightly streaked with 
deep rufous ; a fine rufous terminal line ; cilia deep rufous. Hind 
wing white, the costal and terminal areas faintly tinged with rufous ; 
an oblique rufous postmedial line and faint diffused subterminal 
shade ; a fine rufous terminal line ; cilia with a slight rufous line 
through them from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costal 
area suffused and irrorated with deep rufous, a diffused postmedial 
line bent inwards to costa and faint subterminal shade. 

§ . Larger and darker. 

Hah. KussiA, Urals (Bartel), in Coll. Piingeler ; Aemenia ; 
"W. TrE£ESTA>", Turcomania. Exji. 44 millim. 



HYDRCECIA. 



39 



4336. Hydrcecia obliqiia. 

Gorlyna ohliqua, Ilarv. Can. Ent. -viii. p. 53 (1876); Smitb, Cat. Nocfc. 
N. Am. p. 175. 

Head and thorax yello-wish white mixed with pale red-hrown ; 
abdomen ochreous white tinged and irrorated with brown, the 
ventral surface paler. Fore wing ochreous white irrorated with 
red- brown, the medial area suffused with red-brown except towards 
costa ; antemedial line brown, strongly curved ; orbicular and 
reniform laige, defined by brown except above, the former large ; 
])ostmedial line brown defined by white on outer side, strongly bent 
outwards and obsolescent below costa and very oblique below vein 6 ; 
subterminal line whitish defined on inner side by reddish-brown 
suffusion, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a fine red-brown 




Jb'ig. 11. — Hydr<xcia ohliqua, J. \. 

terminal line. Hind wing white irrorated and suffused in parts 
with reddish l)rown, the veins reddish brown : a sinuous brown 
jiostmedial line and fine terminal line ; the underside white tinged 
with red-brown, an indistinct slightly curved brown postnudial line. 
Hab. U.S.A., Dakota, Arkansas, Colorado, California, Sierra 
Nevada, 1 J , 1 ? . Exp. 6 46, $ 56 millim. 



*4337. Hydrcecia puengeleri. 

Hydrcecia pjieiigeleri, Turati, ined. 



(Plate CXXXVII. fig. 28.) 



c? . Head and thorax yellow slightly tinged with rufous, the 
tegulse and patagia edged with pale grey-brown, the vertex of 
thorax mixed with grey-brown ; pectus whitish mixed with grey- 
brown ; legs reddish yellow ; abdomen orange-yellowy- the basal 
crest and anal tuft above mixed with fuscous, the ventral surface 
white irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing narrow, yellowish white 
irrorated with red-brown, the cell and apical half of terminal area 
suffused with grey-brown, the veins streaked with brown ; subbasal 
line double, rufous filled in with yellow, angled inwards in cell and 
ending at vein 1, a whitish point beyond it in cell ; antemedial line 
double, rufous filled in with yellow, angled outwards below costa 
and above inner margin ; claviform whitish defined by rufous and 
with a dark cross on it, short and broad ; orbicular yellowish white 
defined by rufous, its centre defined by rufous, elongate elliptical. 



40 K0CTUIDJ5. 

its outer side open ; reniform with its centre defined bj' rufous and 
surrounded by white points defined bj^ rufous, rather angled 
inwards on median nervure ; medial line oblique, waved, from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line doul)le, strongly 
bent outwards below costa, oblique to vein 4, then incurved ; 
subterminal line \\hite, defined on inner side by an oblique dark bar 
from costa, then by slight dark marks, sliglitly angled oulwards at 
veins 7, 6 and excurved at middle ; a fine waved brown terminal 
line; cilia reddish yellow mixed with brown at tips. Hind wing 
white, the veins and a fine terminal line yellowish ; a very faint 
brownish subterminal shade ; cilia yellowish white ; the inner 
margin with some yellowish hair ; the underside with the costa 
tinged with yellow and slightly irrorated with brown. 
Hah. Sicily, in Coll. Piingeler. Exp. 50 millim. 

Sect. IV. {Hydroecia). Antennae of raale minutely serrate and fasciculate. 

A. Fore wing with the centres of orbicular and reniform not 
defined by brown. 

a. Fore wing with the postmedial line not dentate. 
«'. Hind wing with dark postmedial line. 

cfi. Fore wing with the subterminal line double except 
towards costa. 
a^. Fore wing with the medial line angled inwards 

to orbicular at middle of cell sovgarice. 

P. Fore wing with the medial line not angled 

inwards to orbicular at middle of cell immanis. 

l^. Fore wing with the subterminal line single. 

a^. Fore wing with the subterminal line distinctly 
excurved and slightly waved at middle. 

o4. Hind wing grey suffused with brown jtetasilis. 

b*. Hind wing yellowish suffused wiih brown ... unatrensis. 
Ifi. Fore wing with the subterminal line hardly 

e.xcurved and not waved at middle micacea. 

b^. Hind wing without postmedial line. 

a2. p'ore wing uniforndy suffused with rufous perohliqua. 

b^. Fore wing pale yellow, the costal ai'ea tinged with 
purplish pnik. 
c^. Fore wmg with the subterminal line single, 

excurved at middle sframeniosa. 

b^. Fore wing with the subterminal line double 
except towards costa, excurved and waved at 
middle diplocyyna. 

b. Fore wing with the postmedial line dentate Juve?iiiis. 

B. Fore wing with the centres of orbicular and reniform 

defined by brown. 

a. Fore wing without white on orbicular and reniform ... maesiaca. 

b. Fore wing with white annulus to orbicular and white 

spots round centre of reniform leiicographa. 

*4338. Hydroecia songariae. 

Hvdrczcia songarice, Alph. Hor. Ent. Soc. Eoss. xvii. p. 80, pi. ii. f. 48 
\1882) ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 187. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen yellow tinged with red. Fore wing 
below tinged with brown or reddish, the medial area somewhat 



HYDRCECIA. 41 

browner ; subbasal line slight, brown, from costa to median nervure ; 
antemedial line brown, sinuous, excurved ; orbicular and reniform 
larue, yellow defined by brown, the former diamond-shaped ; 
medial line brown, angled inwards in cell, then outwards to lower 
angle, then incurved, some yellow before and beyond it in cell and 
before it below the cell ; postmedial line brown, excurved from 
costa to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal line indistinct, yellow 
defined on each side by brownish and with dark mark before it on 
costa, excurved at middle ; a fine terminal brown line. Hind wing 
pale yellow with traces of a sinuous postmedial shade. 

IJah. E. Turkestan, Hi, Charkhode. Exp. 56 millim. This 
species is unknown to me. 

4339. Hydrcecia immauis. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 29.) 

Ht/droecia ivoiianis, Giien. Noct. i. p. 128 (1852); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Aiu. p. 175. 

Head and thorax rufous mixed with ochreous white ; teguhe 
with red-brown and white line at tips ; patagia with red-browu 
and whitish line near base, the patagia and metathoracic crest 
tipped with brown and white ; abdomen pale ochreous, ventrally 
tinged with rufous. Fore wing ochreous irrorated with brown, the 
medial area except towards costa and the terminal area suffused 
with rufous, the veins slightly streaked with brown ; subbasal Hue 
slight, curved, from costa to submedian fold; a brownish mark in 
cell and diffused bar from submedial fold to inner margin before 
the antemedial line which is incurved in cell, then sinuous ; clavi- 
f'orm faintly defined by red-brown; orbicular and reniform very 
large, defined by red-brown except above, the former elliptical with 
irregular outer edge, the latter somewhat constricted at middle ; an 
indistinct medial brown line excurved to median nervure, then 
oblique ; postmedial line red-brown defined on outer side by pale 
ochreous, bent outwards below costa, then oblique and very 
slightly curved ; subterminal line red-brown, indistinctly double 
and filled in with ochreous, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; 
a red-brown terminal line ; cilia brown with ochreous line at base. 
Hind wing yellowish white faintly tinged with red-brown except 
at base ; a slightly curved brown postmedial line, faint diffused 
sinuous subterminal line and fine terminal line ; the underside pale 
yellow, the costal and terminal areas slightly tinged with rufous, 
a sinuous rufous postmedial line curved inwards to costa. 

JJab. U.S.A., New York (Doubleday), 1 (^,2 $ type, Illinois, 
Virginia, Washington, Colorado, Denver, 1 (S • Kr2T. 50-56 millim. 

4340. Hydrcecia petasitis. 

Hydracia petasitis, Doubl. Zoologist, v. p. 1914 (1847) ; Staud. Cat. Lep. 

p.il. p. 186. 
Gortyna vindelicia. Fit. Neue Beitr. vi. p. 82, pi. 531. f. 3 (1849) ; Hei-r.- 

iScbatf. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 521-3. 

Head and thorax red-browu mixed with grey ; tegulse with slight 



42 



NOOTUID^. 



red-browu medial line ; abdomen greyish ochreous suffused with 
brown. Pore wing ochreous suffused and irro rated with red-brown, 
the outer half of medial area except towards costa and terminal area 
deeper red-brown, the costal area and veins irrorated with whitish ; 
subbasal line represented by double red-brown striae from costa and 
cell ; antemedial line red-brown, slightly incurved below costa, then 
excurved ; orbicular and renit'orm large, greyish, the former rather 
quadrate and defined by brown on inner side, the latter slightly 
defined by red-brown ; an indistinct diffused curved medial brown 
line ; postmedial line red-brown defined on outer side by greyish 
ochreous, bent outwards below costa and very oblique below vein 6, 
some whitish points bej^ond it on costa ; subterminal li^e indistinct, 
pale, excurved at vein 7, excurved and slightly waved at middle ; 
a fine red-brown terminal line ; cilia with slight brown line near 
base. Hind wing greyish suffused with red-brown ; a slight 
discoidal point, indistinct slightly curved postmedial line and fine 
terminal line; the underside whitish, the costal and terminal areas 
tinged and irrorated with red-brown, a small discoidal spot, sinuous 
postmedial line and slight subterminal line. 

Hab. Brixaijt, Scotland, England (Dour/las, McLaclilan), Leech 
Coll. ; S. GEEMANr, Zeller and Leech Colls. ; Austria, Styria, Tran- 
sylvania ; Savitzkrland ; Rumelia ; W. Siberia, Altai. Exp. 4:'^- 
b)l millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 119; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 71, pi. 191. f. 2. 

Grey-white ; warts black ; head and thoracic plate brown. 
Food-plant : roots and stems of Fetasites. 6-7. 

4341. HydrcDcia amurensis. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 30.) 

Hi/drcecia amurensis, Staud. Rom. Mem. vi. p. 465 (1892) ; id. Oat. Lep. 
pal. p. 18(.). 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with ochreous ; abdomen 
3'ellow dorsall}' tinged with red-brown. Fore wing ochreous 
almost wholly suffused with red-brown and slightly irrorated with 
dark brown, the postmedial area rather paler except towards costa ; 
subbasal line represented by a slight red-brown striga from costa 
with some yellowish beyond it ; antemedial line red-brown, slightly 
angled outwards below costa and incurved in .cell, then excurved ; 
claviform faintly defined by red-brown ; orbicular and reniform 
yellowish defined by red-brown, the former erect elliptical, the 
latter large ; medial line dark brown, rather diffused, oblique to 
below angle of cell and incurved in cell, then inwardly oblique to 
inner margin ; postmedial line red-brown, bent outwards below 
costa, then very oblique and slightly excurved, some slight yellowish 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line yellowish defined on 
inner side by dark brown, excurved below vein 7 and at middle : a 
Avaved dark brown terminal line ; cilia with yellowish line at base. 
Hind wing pale yellowish suffused in parts with brown, the veins 
brown ; an oblique slightly sinuous brown postmedial line, a diffused 
subterminal band and fine brown terminal line ; the underside 



IIYDRCECIA. 



43 



yellowish white irroratcd with brown, the postmedial line excurvcd 
below costa, then sinuous, the subterminal band indistinct. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Aniurland, Ussnri ; Japan, Hakodate (^w'^r^ws, 
Leech), 1 J ? 1 2 > Nemoro {Leech), 2 $ , Yokohama (Pryer, Lewis), 
2 (S . LxP' 40-54 millim. 

4342. Hydrcecia micacea. 

Noviua micacea, Esp. Sclmiett. \A. 1J5. f. 6 (1789) ; Sepp, Ins. iv. pis. 38, 
39 ; Dup. Lep. Fi-. vii. p. 243, pi. 115. f. 6 ; Fit. Keue Beitr. pi. 117 ; 
Curt. Brit. Ent., Lep. pi. 252 ; Stepli. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 69 ; 
Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 186. 

Koctua cyxiriaca, Hiibii. Eur. Schruett., Noct. f. 224 (1802). 

Head and thorax rufous slightly mixed with ochreous ; antennte 
with the shatt whitish at base ; abdomen ochreous dorsally tinged 
with brown, ventrally with rufous. Fore wing ochreoiis more or 
less suffused with bright rufous or purplish rufous, deeper before 
the postmedial line ; subbasal line rufous, from eosta to vein 1 ; 
antemedial line red-brown, slightly angled outwards below costa, 
oblique to submcdiau fold, then erect ; clavilbrm faintly defined by 
rufous; orbicular and reniform large, yellowish defined by rufous, 
tl:e former round, open above ; medial line indistinct, rufous, 
oblique from costa to reniform, inwardly oblique from lower angle 
of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line red-brown, strongly bent 
outwards below costa, then very oblique ; postmedial area rather 




.,,/#v. 



z^- 




Fig. 12. — Hydrcecia micacea , ^ . \. 

yellower with the veins slightly streaked with brown ; subterminal 
line indistinct, rufous, ai!gkd outwards at vein 7 and slightly 
excurved at middle ; a led-brown teiminal line ; cilia with 
yellowish line at base. Hind wing pale yellow suffused in parts 
with brown, the veins brown ; an oblique brown postmedial line 
and brown terminal line except towards tornus ; the underside 
yellowish white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with red- 
brown, a slight discoidal spot and rather diffused sinuous postmedial 
line. 

Hab. Canada, New Brunswick, St. Johns', Nova Scotia, Cape 
Breton I., 1 c? ; Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Denmark, 
Frey Coll. ; Germany, Zellcr, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; 
Hungary; Switzerland; N.Italy; Dalmatia, Leech Coll. ; IIdssia, 
Esthonia, Zeller & Frey Colls., Livonia, Zeller Coll. : W. Turkestan, 
Ala Tau ; W. Siberia, Altai, 1 S , Zeller Coll. ; E. Turkestan, Hi ; 
E. Siberia, Amur, Ussuri. Ea^j). 40-50 millim. 



44 



NOCTUID.?:. 



Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 119 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. t. p. 68, pJ. 191. f. 2, 

Dull brownish ochreous tinged with purple; subspiracular line 

paler; warts blackish ; head ochreous brown ; thoracic plate edged 

with blackish in front. Food-plants: stems of Equiselum, Valeriana , 

liumex, etc. 5-7 ; in Canada in the stems ot corn, 

4343. Hydrcecia peroWiqua, n. sp. (Plate CXXXVII. fig. 31.) 

J . Head and thorax bright rufous mixed with yellow ; antennte 
whitish at base ; tegulye with rufous line near tips ; pectus with 
some white ; abdomen yellowish tinged with rutous, the basal ci'est 
dark at tip. Fore wing yellow suffused with bright rufous, slightly 
deeper before the postmedial line, the postmedial af^a somewhat 
paler ; subbasal line represented by slight rufous strias from costa 
and cell ; antemedial line rufous, angled outwards below costa, 
oblique to submedian fold, then inwardly oblique and angled 
inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform defined by fine bi'own 
lines, the former round, the latter broad ; medial line indistinct, 
angled outwards on subcostal and median nervures, then oblique ; 
postmedial line brown defined by yellow on outer side, bent out- 
wards below costa, excurved to vein 6, then very oblique ; sub- 
terminal line yellow defined on inner side by an oblique brown bar 
from costa, then slightly by brown, excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle ; a brown terminal line ; cilia red-brown with a rufous line 
at base. Hind wing yellowish white ; a slight brownish terminal 
line. 

Ilab. Canada, Manitoba, Winnipeg, 1 J type. Exj). 32-34 
millim, Cotypes in Coll, liird. 

4344. Hydrcecia stramentosa. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 1.) 

Hvdroecia siramentosa, Guen. Noct. i. p. 129, pi. 6. 1'. 2 (1852) ; Smith, 
Cat. ]S"oct. N. Am. p. 175. 

5 . Head and thorax pale yellow ; palpi tinged with rufous ; 
frons with slight lateral rufous bars ; teguloe edged with rufous ; 
patagia edged with rufous above ; fore tibiLe and tarsi tinged with 
rufous ; abdomen pale yellow, the anal tuft tinged with rufous. 
Pore wing pale yellow slightly suffused in parts with olive-green, 
especially before postmedial line, the costal area tinged with purplish 
pink, the postmedial area rather paler ; subbasal line indistinct, 
rufous, from costa to submedian fold ; difi'used rufous bars from 
costa to median nervure and submedian fold to inner margin before 
the antemedial line, which is rutous, slightly excurved below costa, 
incurved in cell, then excurved ; claviform faintly defined by rufous ; 
orbicular and reniform large, faintly defined by rufous, the former 
rather elliptical, open above and below, the latter somewhat con- 
stiicted at middle ; postmedial line rufous, slightly bent outwards 
below costa and very oblique below vein 5, touching lower 
extremity of reniform ; subterminal line slight, rufous, angled 
outwards at vein 7, inwards in discal fold and excurved at middle; 



HYDRCECIV. 45 

a rufous terminal line ; cilia j-ellowisli at base, rufous intersected 
with yellowish at tips. Hind wing yellowish white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Middle and Central States, Xew York (Doubledaj/), 
2 2 typo, Illinois, Colorado, Glenwood Springs, Denver. E^qj- 3(1- 
46 millirn. 



4345. Hydrcecia diplocyma, n. sp. (Plate CXXXVIIT. fig. 2.) 

Hi/drwcia stramentosa, Moffat, Can. Ent. xxxii. p. 61, pi. 2. f. 5 (nee 
Guen.). 

Head and thorax pale yellow mixed with rufous ; palpi tinged with 
rufous ; tegulie with rufous line near tips and a brown line behind 
them ; patagia with brown line near upper edge ; metathoracic crest 
tipped with rufous ; fore legs suffused with rufous ; abdomen pale 
yellow, the basal crest tipped with blackish, the anal tuft and ventral 
surface tinged with rufous. Fore wing pale yellow suffused with olive - 
green, rather more strongly before postmedial line, the costal area 
tinged with purplish pink, the postmedial area not tinged with olive, 
the terminal area slightly tinged ; subbasal line indistinct, rufous, 
curved, from costa to vein 1 ; the antemedial area with brownish 
marks on costa, below cell and at vein 1 ; antemedial line brown, 
incurved in cell, then excurved ; claviform represented by a diffused 
red-brown mark; orbicular and reniform yellowish defined by brown, 
the former elliptical, open above, the latter slightly angled inwards 
on median uervure, some red-brown suffusion between them in cell ; 
a faint oblique line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; post- 
medial line red-brown, bent outwards below costa, oblique and 
very slightly incurved below vein 5 ; subterminal line with diffused 
red-brown bar from costa, angled outwards at vein 7 and inwards 
in submedian fold, then double, waved ; a deep rufous terminal 
line; cilia yellow tinged with rufous and mixed with red-brown at 
tips. Hind wing yellowish white with slight rufous terminal line ; 
the underside with the costal area faintly tinged with rufous. 

Hah. Canada, 1 $ , Montreal {A. F. 'Wimi), 1 c5' type ; U.S.A., 
Colorado. Exp. 46-52 millim. 



4346. Hydrcecia juvenilis. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 3.) 

Gorfi/na juvenilis, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr vi p '^07 
(1881) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 174. 

Head and thorax yellow slightly mixed Avith red-brown ; pafpgia 
red-brown at tips ; abdomen rufous mixed with red-brown. Fore 
wing bright yellow slightly irrorated with rufous, the medial area 
except towards costa and the area beyond subterminal line suffused 
with rufous; antemedial line rufous, oblique, sinuous; claviform 
rather small defined by rufous ; orbicular and reniform yellow 
defined by rufous, the former round ; medial line dark brown, 
oblique from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line 
strongly bent outwards below costa, then oblique, dentate, some 



46 NOCTUID.E. 

rufous suffusion bej'ond it on costa with yellow points on it ; sub- 
terminal line arising from termen below apex, incurved at discal 
and submedian folds, excurved at middle ; a terminal red-brown 
line ; cilia yellow mixed with rufous. Hind wing dark red-brown ; 
cilia yellow and red-brown ; the underside rather paler, thickly 
irrorated and suff'iised with red-brown, an indistinct sinuous post- 
medial line. 

Hab. U S.A., Kansas, Colorado (Snow), 1 $ type ; New Mexico, 
Beulah (Cockerell), 2 ij . E.V2). 32 millim. 



*4347. Hydrcecia moesiaca. V 

Gortyna miieslaca,TLe.rY.-^a\\A'X. Eur. Schmett. ii. p. 218, Noct. f.50 (1845) ; 
Stand. Oat. Lep. pal. p. 186. 

5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen yellow tinged with rufous ; palpi 
rufous with yellow ring at extremity of 2nd joint; tegulse with 
faint rufous medial band; patagia edged with brown: abdomen 
with lateral red-brown stripes. Fore wing yellow irrorated and 
in parts slightly suffused with rufous, the veins red-brown ; sub- 
basal line double, rufous, waved, from costa to vein 1 ; antemedial 
line rufous, double, the inner line indistinct, oblique, sinuous ; 
claviform short and broad, defined by rufous ; orbicular defined by 
rufous and with rufous point in centre, rather irregularly rounded ; 
reniforra large, defined by rufous, its centre also defined by rufous, 
rather constricted at middle ; medial line rufous, excurved from 
costa to median nervure, then oblique; postmedial line double, 
bent outwards below costa, then oblique, the inner line waved, the 
outer slightly incurved below vein 3 ; subterminal line indistinct, 
yellow, defined on inner side by rufous suffusion, very slightly 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle; a fine waved dark terminal 
line ; cilia yellow at base, brown at tips. Hind wing glossy 
yellowish white, the veins tinged with red-brown ; a fine red-brown 
terminal line ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with 
red-brown, a difftised red-brown mark at middle of costa and 
diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. BuLGAKiA, in Coll. Piingeler; Turkey; Aemen^ia. Exj). 
60 millim. 

4348. Hydrcecia leucographa. 

Noctna leiicographa, Borkh. Eur. Schmett. iv. p. 470 (1792) ; Brahm, 

Scriha Beitr. Ins. iii. p. 252, pi. 18. f. 1 (1793); Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 186. 
Gortyna borelii, Pierret, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. vi. p. 449, pi 16. f. 5 (1837). 
Gortyna lunata, Frr. Neue Beitr. iii. p. 96, pi. 263. f. 1 & pi. 327. f. 3 

(1839) ; Dup. Lep. Fr. Suppl. iii. p. 46('), pi. 41. f. 1 ; Herr.-ScbafF. Eur. 

Schmett.., Noct. tf. 114 & 117-8. 
Gortyna illunata, Guen. Noct. iii p. 425 (1852). 

Head and thorax brown mixed with grey, the teguloe and upper 
edo-e of patagia tinged with rufous; antennae with the shaft whitish 



HTDr.CECIA . 47 

above; abdomen greyish ochreous suffused with brown. Fore 
wing pale yellow thickly irrorated and more or less suffused with 
red-brown, the cell, costal area from subbasal to medial line, and 
terminal area suffused with red-brown, the postmedial area greyish, 
tinged with red-brown towards costa, the veins streaked with red- 
brown ; a white point at base ; subbasal line double, rufous filled 
in with yellow, waved, from costa to vein 1 , a white point beyond 
it in cell ; antcmedial line red-brown defined by yellow on outer 
side at costa, angled outwards below costa, then incurved, traversing 
the claviform which is white defined by red-brown and bisected by 
a red-brown streak in submedian fold; orbicular and renifonii 
white defined by red-brown, the former round with red-brown spot 
in middle, the laiter broken up by brown streaks on the veins and 
with curved whitish line in middle defined by brown ; medial line 
red-brown, oblique from cosfa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly 
oblique; postmedial line double, red-brown, slightly bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely waved, excurved to vein 4, then oblique 
and slightly incurved between veins 3 and 2; subterminal line 
slight, red-brown defined by yellowish Avhite on outer side towards 
costa, angled outwards at vein 7, tlien dentate and excurved at 
middle ; a waved red-brown terminal line ; cilia greyish broAvn 
with a slight dark line through them. Hind wnng yellowish white 
suffused in parts with reddish brown, the veins "brown, a faint 
sinuous postmedial line and traces of diflfused subterminal band ; 
a waved brown terminal line and the cilia tinged with brown from 
apex to vein 2; the underside with the costal area tinged and 
irrorated with rufous, a curved red-brown postmedial line. 

Hah. France, Sand Coll. ; Geemanv, Leech Coll. ; ArsTKiA, 
Galicia; HcNGAET, Leech Coll. ; Corsica, ^ay?. 56-66 millira. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. ]87 ; Ilffm. Ecaup. p. 103. 

Pale pinkish with dark dorsal line. Food-plant: stems of 
Peucedanum officinale. 10-7. 

Sect. V. Antenna; of male ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with the postmedial line oblique below vein 4. 

a. Fore wing with the markings indistinct, the medial 

area not strongly contrasting xatifJicnes. 

b. Fore wing with the markings distinct, the medial area 

yellow and strongly contrasting foi-tis. 

B. Fore wing with the postmedial line evenly excurved 

from below costa to inner margin hamlipiivctafa. 

4349. Hydroecia xanthenes. 

Gorti/na .ravthenes, Germ. Fann. Ins. Eur. xxii. pi. 22 (1844); Herr.- 
Sehaff. Eur. Schmett., ^'oct. f. 119; Mill. Icone.s. ii.p. 172. pi. 69, ff. 10, 
11 ; Embr. Cat. Lep. And. j^l. 12. f. 3 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 186. 

Head and thorax yellowish white suffused with rufous ; abdomen 
silky yellowdsh white slightly tinged with rufous. Fore wing pale 
silky yellow suffused with rufous, a white point at base ; subbasal 



48 noctuid.t:. 

line represented by yellowish marks below costa and cell and with 
a w^hite point beyond it in cell ; antemedial line very indistinct, 
with some darker suffusion before it, inwardly oblique below the 
cell ; claviform represented by a yellowish patch ; orbicular and 
reniform pale yellow tinged with rufous and faintly defined by 
brown, the former round, the latter with its centre faintly defined 
by rufous and its annulus broken np by slight streaks on the veins ; 
an indistinct curved red-brown medial line; postmedial line in- 
distinct, double, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, 



r^-^. 







Fig. 13. — Hydrcecia xanthenes, (^ . \. 

oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line represented by a very 
indistinct yellowish minutely waved band ; a slight waved brown 
terminal line ; cilia red-brown with a faint dark line near base. 
Hind wing yellowish tinged with red-brown ; the underside with 
faint curved postmedial line. 

Hah. S. France; Spain, Andalusia; Sicily, Frey and Leech Colls. 
Exp. 50-56 millim. 

Larva. Hffm. Eaup. p. 103. 

Red-brown ; each segment with a dark mark ; thoracic plate 
with two brown shields ; head brown. Food-plants : Cynara 
scolywus and Cardunculus. 10. 



4350. Hydrcecia fortis. 

Ochria fortis. Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 83 (1878); id. 111. Het. B. M. ii. 
p. 23J pi. 28. f. 9 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 187. 

Head and thorax yellow^ mixed with red-brown; palpi and irons 
red-brown ; tegulse and patagia edged with red-brown ; pectus and 
legs suffused with red-brown ; abdomen yellow tinged with red- 
brown. Fore wing yellow irrorated with red, the antemedial, 
postmedial, and terminal areas red-brown, the veins streaked with 
red-brown ; subbasal line indistinct, red defined by yellow on outer 
side, waved, from costa to vein 1, a yellow point beyond it in cell; 
antemedial line indistinct, brown, excurved to median nervure, 
angled inwards in submedian fold, then very oblique to inner 
margin : claviform large, defined by brown, extending to cell ; 
orbicular and reniform defined by brown, the former round, the 



HYDRCECIA. 49 

latter large ; medial line red, oblique from costa to reniform, 
inwardly oblique below the cell and slightly angled outwards in 
submedian fold ; postmedial line double filled in with yellow, the 
inner line indistinct, red, minutely waved, bent outwards below 
costa, excurved to vein 5, then oblique and slightly excurved at 
submedian fold, some yellow points beyond it on costa ; subterminal 
line indistinct, brown, excurved below vein 7 and at middle, a 
yelloAV patch beyond it at apex ; a fine brown terminal line. Hind 
wing red-brown with a greyish tinge ; the underside whitish tinged 
with red-brown, an indistinct sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Japan, Tokio {Maries), 1 $ , Yokohama (Jonas, Pnjer), 
2 d , 2 $ type. Exp. 3S-,56 millim. 



4351. Hydrcecia basalipunctata. 

Gortyna hasalipicnctata, Gras. Berl. ent. Zeit. xxxii. p. 341 (1888) ; Hmpsn. 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 171 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 187. 
Gortyna intermixta, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 480, pi. 19. f. 11. 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with ochreous ; tegulae and 
patagia yellow mixed with fiery red and edged with red-brown ; 
abdomen ochreous suffused with red-brown. Pore wing yellow 
thickly irrorated with fiery red, the antemedial area towards costa 
and inner margin and the terminal area suffused with red-brown ; 
subbasal line fiery red defined by yellow on outer side, waved, from 
costa to vein 1 ; antemedial line indistinctly double, red-brown 
filled in with yellow, somewhat inwardly oblique from cell to above 
vein 1 and strongly bent outwards above inner margin ; claviform 
large, defined by red-brown and extending to cell ; orbicular and 
reniform yellow irrorated with red and defined by brown, the 
former round, the latter rather quadrate with its centre defined by 
red ; medial line red-brown, oblique from costa to median nervure, 
inwardly oblique and somewhat sinuous from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line red-brown, double and filled i.'i with 
yellow towards costa, bent outwards below costa, excurved to 
vein 4, then obliquely curved to inner margin, some slight yellowish 
points beyond it on costa; an indistinct brown subterminal line, 
incurved below costa, then waved, a yellow patch irrorated with 
red beyond it at apex ; a fine brown terminal line. Hind wing 
pale yellow suffused with red-brown especially on terminal area; 
traces of a siuuous postmedial line ; a fine brown terminal line ; 
the underside with the costal and terminal areas tinged and 
irrorated with red-brown, a brown postmedial line slightly excurved 
below costa. 

Hah. E. SiBEiUA, Ussuri, 1 $ ; Japan, Hakodate {Leech), 1 2 , 
Oiwake (Pryer), 1 c? ; Assam, Khasis (Bade/ley), 1 c? , 1 $ type 
intermixta. Exja. 34-48 millim. 



VOL. IX. 



50 



xocxriD.E. 



Genus BRACHYXANTHIA. 



Type. 



Brachymnthia, Biitl. A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 169 (1878) zelotypa. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint extending 
to well beyond frons and iVinged with long hair in front, the 3rd moderate ; 
frons smooth, with large tuft of hair; eyes large, round; antenna? of male 
serrate and fasciculate; thorax clothed with scales and hair mixed, the tegulfB 
produced to a slight dorsal ridge, the prothoras with sharp triangular crest, 
the nietathorax with double ridge-like crest ; tibire fringed with long hair ; 
abdomen without crests. Fore wing short and broad, the apes produced and 
acute, the termen strongly excuryed at middle and crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 
from uear angle of ceil ; 6 from ripper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; G, 7 from upper angle; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. ^ 



4352. Brachyxanthia zelotypa. 

Xantliia zelotypa, Led. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, IS.'iS, p. 373, pi. 3. f. 4 ; 

Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 207. 
Brachyxanthia pecuUaris, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 169 (1878) ; id. 111. 

Lep. Het. B. M. ii. p. 31, pi. 30. f. 11. 

Head and thorax yellow slightly mixed with rufous ; antennaj 
brown except at base ; vertex of head, tegulje and tips of crests 
with red-brown streak ; abdomen yellow irrorated with brown. 
Fore wing yellow irrorated with red, the veins streaked with red- 
brown ; subbasal line red, angled outwards in cell and ending at 
vein 1 ; antemedial line red, very oblique fi-om costa to submedian 
fold, then inwardly oblique ; claviform defined by red, rounded : 
orbicular and reniform defined by red-brown, the former round, the 
latter rather irregularly rounded ; medial line strong, red-brown, 




Fig. 14. — Brachyxanthia selotypa, (^ . \. 

very oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly 
oblique to inner margin at antemedial line ; postraedial line fine, 
brown, bent outwards below costa, oblique to vein 6, oblique and 
sinuous below vein 4, met at vein 6 by an oblique streak from 
apex ; subtevminal line dentate, curved, incurved below vein 3 and 
ending at tornus ; a fine waved brown terminal line. Hind wing 
yellowish white sutfused with brown except on costal area and 
termen from apex to submedian fold ; the underside yellowish 
white, the costal area ratlier yellower. 

Hah. W. Siberia, Altai ; E. Sibekia, Ussuri ; Japan. Hakodate, 
1 c? type jyecuJiaris, Tokio (^Maries), 1 § , Yokohama (Jonas), 1 5 . 
Exp. 32 millim. 



KHODCECli. 51 

Genus RHODCECIA, nov. 

Type, E. aurantiago. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, tlie 3rd short ; frons 
smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenna of male ciliated ; thorax clotlied with 
hair and hair-like scales, tiie urcthorax with sharp ridge-like crest, the uieta- 
thorax with spreading crest; tibia; moderately fringed with hair; the fore 
tarsus with curved claw-like spines on outer side of the joints; abdomen with 
dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing veith the apex rounded, the termen evenly 
curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 6 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 6 obsolescent from middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



4353. Rhodoecia aurantiago. 

Xanthia aurantiago, Guen. Noct. i. p. 394, pi. 7. f. 1 (1852) ; Smith, Cat. 

Noct. N. Am. p. 219. 
Pyrrhia illiterata, Grote, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1874, p. 211. 
drthosia differta, Morr. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1875, p. 67. 
Heliothis illinoisensis, French, Can. Ent. xi. p. 77 (1879). 

c? . Head and thorax crimson-red, the scales slightly tipped with 
grey, the tegulae and pata^ia with blackish tips ; abdomen fulvous 
yellow. Fore wing purplish red, the medial area more orange- 
red, the terminal area slightly irrorated with black ; subbasal line 
blackish, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial lino 
blackish, waved, nearly erect ; orbicular and reniform hardly 
traceable, defined by a few dark scales ; postmedial line black, bent 
outwards below costa, then crenulate and produced to black points 




Fig. 15. — Ehodoecia aurantiago, cj" . \. 

on the veins, incurved below vein. 4 ; a subterminal series of very 
faint blackish spots, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; cilia 
purplish crimson. Hind wing ochreous almost entirely suffused 
with purplish crimson ; the underside ochreous with the costal and 
terminal areas suffused with purplish crimson. 

2 . Fore wiug more uniform fulvous red, the orbicular and reni- 
form more distinct, the former round, the latter defined by black 
points and constricted at middle, the postmedial line with fuscous 
shade on outer edge, the subterminal series of spots more distinct, 
a terminal series of black points. Hind wing with traces of diffused 
dark subterraintil band; the underside with postmedial line, terminal 
series of slight lunules, and dark line through the cilia. 

E 2 



52 NOCTUID^. 

Hah. U.S.A., Massachusetts, 1 5 type illiterafa, New York, 
Wisconsin, Illinois, Mendota, 1 5 , Florida {Douhleday), 1 <S type, 
Missouri. Exp. cJ 32, $ 36 millim. 

Genus PYRRHIA. 

Type. 

Pyrrliia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 2o3 (1827) purpurina. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint hardly reaching 
middle of froiis and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd short; frons 
smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennas of male almost simple and somewhat 
laminate; thorax clothed entirely with hair and with slight dorsal ridge-like 
crest ; tibiae frhiged with long hair ; abdomen with dorsal cr^t at base only. 
Fore wing with the apex slightly pi'oduced and acute, the termen evenly curved 
and hardly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; fi irom upper 
angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of diseo- 
cellulars ; 6, 7 from uoper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the ground-colour not orange. 

a. Fore wing with the terminal area bright pink treiischcei. 

b. Fore wing with the terminal area yellowish white victorina. 

c. Fore wing with the terminal area suffused with crimson . pioyurina. 

B. Fore wing with the ground-colour orange. 

a. Fore wing with the subbasal and antemedial lines and 

the stigmata present umbra. 

b. Fore wing with the subbasal and antemedial lines and 

the stigmata absent siilla. 

4354. Pyrrhia treitschcei. 

Heliothis freitschkei, Friv. Tarsus Evkonyv. ii. p. 273, pi. 7. f. 8 (1835) ; 

Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 223. 
Heliothis taurica, Herr.-SchafF. Eur. Schmett. ii. p. 368, Noct. ff. 263-4 

(1846). 

Head pale yellow, the pali)i, frons, antennae, and a bar between 
them bright pink ; thorax bright pink, the tegulaa with a purj^lish 
tinge ; pectus and legs pink, the tarsi yellowish tinged with brown ; 
abdomen pale yellow tinged with brown, the terminal segments 
pink. Fore wing with the basal half pale yellow with large pink 
patch on basal costal area ; antemedial line very oblique and pink 
from costa to subcostal nervure, then brown, inwardly oblique and 
ending at vein 1 ; reniform jDink defined by deep pink, and with 
deep pink patch above it on costa ; outer half of median area from 
beyond and below the cell to inner margin brown ; postmedial line 
yellow, rather diffused at costa, oblique to vein 4, where it is 
angled, then inwardly oblique ; terminal area bright pink. Hind 
wing brown, the inner margin whitish ; cilia pink except towards 
tornus ; the underside whitish tinged with brown, the costal area 
suffused with pink, a faint diffused siimous brownish band just 
beyond middle. 

Hub. Balkan States, Bulgaria {Mrs. Nicholl) ; Tukkey, Zeller 
Coll. ; Armenia, Caucasus, Leech Coll. ; Asia Minor, Pontus, 
Leech Coll., Bithynia, Taurus; Steia ; W. TrEKESTAN,Turcoraania. 
Exp. 30-34 millim. 



Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 263 ; Hffni. Raup. p. 139. 
lieddish grey, with dorsal series of reddish-brown triangular 
spots. Food-plant, Melissa. 6. 



4355. Pyrrhia victorina. 

Hcliothis victorina, Sodofsk}', Stett. ent. Zeit. 1849, p. 130; Herr.-Schaff. 

Jiur. Schmett., Noct. f. 552; Fit. Neue Sehmett. pi. 576. f. 2; Staud! 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 223. 
Chariclea ■prazanoffzkyi, Guen. Noct. ii. p. 169 (1852). 

Head pale yellow suffused with crimson ; antennae pink with a 
crimson bar between their bases ; thorax pale yellow with purplish- 
]iink bands on and behind tegulae, a slight oblique streak on patagia 
and the metathorax edged with purplish ; pectus pale yellow, the 
legs pink and the tarsi brownish ; abdomen pale yellow suft'used 
with brown. Fore wing pale yellow, the veins streaked with 
crimson ; a very faint curved pink antemedial line from cell to 
inner margin; a diffused pink medial line oblique from costa to 
lower angle of cell, incurved to snbmedian fold and excurved to 
inner margin; postmedial line deep pink, rather diffused, oblique, 
arising from costa towards apex ; subterminal line pink, arising at 
vein 7, excurved to vein 2, then slightly incurved ; a fine brown 
terminal line, pink towards tornus. Hind wing yellowish white 
irrorated with brown, the veins brown, the termen tinged with 
pink ; a diffused brown subterminal band with somewhat dentate 
outer edge ; a pink terminal line ; cilia yellowish white, the under- 
side yellowish white, the costal and terminal areas faintly tinged 
with pink. 

Hah. Servia ; Bulgaria {Mrs. Niclioll) ; Turkey, Leech Coll. ; 
S. ItussiA, Zeller Coll. ; Armenia, Caucasus, Leech Coll. ; Asia 
Minor, Amasia, Zeller and Frey Colls. Exp. 32-36 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Motbs Eur. p. 2o3 ; H£Fm. Eaup. p. 139. 

Green or reddish violet with darker dorsal and lateral lines and 
small black warts. Food-plants : /Salvia and Dictamnus. 5-6. 



^ 4356. Pyrrhia purpurina. 

Noctua marginata, Don. Brit. Ins. v. pi. 150. f. 1 (1796), nee Fabr. 
Noctua purjMrina, Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 195. f. 2 (1798). 
Noctua ruiilago, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 519 (1818), nee Schiff. 
Hcliothis 2Mrpurites, Treit. Schmett. Eur. v. 3, p. 234(1826); Geyer, Eur. 

Schmett., Noct. ff. 759-763 (1833) ; Frr. Beitr. pi. 136 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. 

pal. p. 224. 
Pyrrhia lyiirpurago, Hiibn. Verz. p. 233 (1827). 

Head and thorax olive-ochreous suffused w^ith purplish pink ; 
abdomen olive-ochreous, the crests, anal tuft and ventral surface 
tinged with pink. Fore wing olive-ochreous irrorated with crimson, 
the terminal half suffused with crimson except the postmedial area 
towards costa and in submedian interspace, the veins streaked with 
crimson ; subbasal line crimson, straight, from costa to submedian 



54 



NOCTTJID^. 



fold ; antemedial line crimson, excurved below eosta and cell, angled 
inwards on median uervure and ending at vein 1 ; claviform very 
faintly defined by crimson ; orbicular and reniform large, defined by 
crimson, the former round with some crimson scales in centre, the 
latter with its upper extremity produced and with crimson suffusion 
in centre ; a strong crimson medial line oblique from costa to lower 
angle of cell, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line crimson, bent 
outwards below costa, oblique and slightly sinuous below vein 6, 




Fig. 16. — Fyrrhia jonrpurina, J. } 




some slight olive points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
crimson, slightly angled outwards at veins 7, 6, 4, 3, 2 ; a tine 
crimson terminal line ; cilia olive suffuscvi with crimson and with 
slight crimson line near base. Hind wing ochreous tingod with 
brown except towards costa ; the veins and an indistinct discoidal 
lunule brown ; the terminal area broadly brown, the termen tinged 
with ciimson ; cilia ochreous tinged with crimson at base ; the 
underside olive-ochreous, the costal area irrorated with crimson, 
slight diffused medial and postoaedial crimson lines on costal area, 
a small brown discoidal spot. 

Unh. Hungary, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Rumelia ; 
S. Russia, Leech Coll. ; W. Siberia, Altai. Eay. 30-36 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p 263 ; Hffm. lUup. p. 139, pi. 36. f. 3. 

Yellow or dark apple-green or brownish red with dark warts, 
dorsal line dark; two yellowish subbasal lines. Food-plants: 
Ceataurea scabiosa and Succisa pratensis. 5. 



4357. PyrrMa umbra. 

Fhalmna iimhra, Hiifn. Berl. Mag. iii. p 294(1767); Hmpsn. Moths. Inrl. 

ii. p. 172 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 216 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 'i24. 
Noctua marginata, Fabr. Syst. Enfc. p. 610 (1775) ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. 

pt. i. p. 319, pi. 119. f. 8;" Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 108. 
Koctua rutilago, SchifF. Wien. Verz. p. 86 (1776.) ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., 

Noct. f. 185. 
Koctua conspicua, Bork. Eur. Scbmett. ir. p. 123 (1792). 
Noctua uwhrago, Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 185. ff. 7, 8 (1796). 
Noc/ua marginago. Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 235 (1809). 
Heliofhis ctlisca, Gupn. Noct. ii. p. 179 (1852). 
Heliothls exprimens, Wlk. xi. 687 (1857) ; Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Jsat. Sci. 

ii. p. 35, pi. iii. f. 5. 
Ptp-rhia anguhda, Grote, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. t. p. 93 (1874) ; id. Bull. 
'Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. pi. iii. f. 6 (1875). 



PYRRHIA. 55 

Hydroecia fihctana, Moore, A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 232 (1878) ; id. 2n(l 

rarkaiid Mission, Lep. p. 9, pi. 1. f. 21. 
CJiariclea vejcilliger, Christ. Iris, vi, p. 92 (1893); Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 223. 
Tyrrhia aconiti, Holtz. AUg. Zeitschr. Ent. vii. p. 212 (1902). 

Head and thorax rufous, the latter with some ochreous ; abdomen, 
ochreous suffused with rufous. Fore wing ochreous suffused with 
rulous, the postmedial area rather browner except at costa, the 
veins streaked with rufous ; subbasal line rufous, curved, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial line rufous, angled inwards on 
median nervure and vein 1, outwards below cell and excurved 
above inner margin ; claviform slightly defined by rufous, large 
and extending to cell ; orbicular and reniform defined by rufous 
and with some rufous in centres, the former round, the latter 
large; medial line rufous, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, 
then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line rufous, strongly bent out- 
wards below costa, then very oblique and slightly sinuous, some 
whitish points beyond it on costa; subterminal line rufous, slightly 
auiiled outwards at veins 7, 6, 4, 3, 2 ; a fine rufous terminal line. 
Hind wing ochreous, the inner area tinged with brown, the veins 
and an ill-defined discoidal? lunule brown ; a broad rather diffiised 
fuscous subterminal band leaving the termen ochreous tinged w'ith 
rufous; cilia yellowish white ; the underside yellowish white, the 
costal area suffused with rufous ; a small discoidal spot ; a curved 
jjostmedial line from costa to submedian fold with diffused rufous 
band beyond it. 

Ab. 1. exprimens. Fore wing with the postmedial and terminal 
areas suffused with red-brown. — Canada and U.S.A. 

Ab. 2. cilisca. Hind wing paler yellow, the postmedial band pale 
crimson. — U.S.A. and ? Brazil. 

Bab. Canada, 1 J , Ontario, Orilla (Bush), 1 J type exprimens, 
Manitoba, Aweme (Cn'ddle), 1 2> U.S.A., Eastern and Central 
States, New York {Riley), 2 $ , Buffalo, 2 r? type avgulata, Kansas 
(Snow), 2 S , Colorado, California, Mendocino, 1 $ ; ? Brazil, type f 
cilisca in Coll. Oberthlir ; Britain, Leech Coll.; France, Sand Coll.; 
Gkrmant, Zeller and Frey Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; Switzer- 
land, Zeller Coll. ; Italy ; Scandinavia ; Russia, Livonia, Zeller 
Coll., Sarepta, Leech Coll. ; Asia Minor, Bithynia ; Persia ; W. Tur- 
kestan, Issyk Xul ; W. Siberia, Altai ; E. Siberia, Amurland, 
Ussuri ; Japan, Oiwake (Pri/er), 2 (S , Yokohama (Pryer), 1 $ ; 
CoREA, Gensan (Ito), 1 $ ; C. China, Ichang (Mrs. Pratt), 1 $ ; 
Kashmir, Kiris (Leech), 1 $ ; Punjab, Kulu, Sultan pur (6r. Young), 
2 5 , Dharmsala (Hoclciny), 1 S , I 5 ; Assam, Khasis (Badgley), 
4 c? , 1 2 , Nagas. Exp. 32-44 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 119 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. vi. p. 148, pi. 244. f.4. 

Dull green or dark grey speckled with white and dorsally with 
black ; dorsal line double, whitish ; snbbasal line whitish or pale 
yellow; spiracular line yellowish or pale ochreous, white- edged 
above ; warts black ; head pale green or reddish ochreous ; thoracic 
plate sometimes black. Food-plants: Ononis or Geranium pratense. 
7-S ; in Assam, Siegesbcclcia orlentalis. 10. 



56 NOCTIXID^. 

*4358. Pyrrhia stilla. 

Pyrrhia stilla, Grote, N. Am. Ent. i. p. 45 (1879) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
■ N. Am. p. 216. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen orange-red. Fore wing orange-red, 
the basal area bright orange without markings ; stigmata obsolete ; 
medial shade dark, strong, diffused on outer side, acutely angled 
outwards on median nervure ; postmedial line dark, obsolete at 
costa, slightly incurved below vein 4 and excurved at vein 1 ; sub- 
terminal line indistinct ; cilia bright red. Hind wing pale yellow, 
blackish at base ; a blackish discoidal lunule and broad diffused 
terminal band, the termen tinged with red ; the un^derside with 
faint discoidal mark, with reddish mark on costa above it, a diffused 
red postmedial band. 

Hah. U.S.A., "W. States, Colorado, Idaho Springs, New Mexico. 
Eicp. 30 millim. This species is unknown to me. 



Genus CALLCECIA, nov. 

Type, C. svinkoei. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
to about middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair, the 3rd short ; frons 
with large corneous prominence with raised edges, the lower edge produced to 
a plate grooved in front, a corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antenniB 
of male laminate and almost simple ; thorax clothed with hair and scales 
mixed, the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests ; tibiae moderately 
fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. Foi-e wing with the apex 
rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from 
near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form the areole ; 1] from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
6 obsolescent from well below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4359. Callcecia svinlioei. 

A)itkreciaswuih(jei,'Bntl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 162; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 312. 

Head and thorax red-brown ; pectus and legs yellow, the tibiae 
brown ringed with yellow ; abdomen yellow irrorated with brown. 




Fig. 17.— Callcecia svinhoei, S ■ {• 

Fore wing red-brown slightly irrorated with black ; traces of a 
waved dark subbasal line from costa to submedian fold ; autemedial 
line indistinct, blackish, waved ; orbicular and reniform absent ; 



CALLCECIA.. ERYTHRiECIA. 5/ 

a difFused blackish medial line, oblique from costa to lower angle 
of cell, then waved ; postmedial line indistinct, double, dentate, 
slightly bent outwards below costa and incurved below vein 4 ; 
subterminal line with brownish patch at costa, then indistinct 
and minutely waved. Hind wing orange-yellow wilh hroad fuscous 
terminal band ; cilia yellow mixed with brown ; the underside 
yellow slightly irrorated with black, the costal and terminal areas 
tinged with red, a slight discoidal lunule, difFused curved medial 
line, minutely waved postmedial line and indistinct dilfused sub- 
terminal band. 

Hah. Bombay, Asirgarh (Sivinhoe), 1 2 type, Poona (SivinJioe), 
1 c? , 3 $ . Kcp. 26-30 millim. 



Genus ERYTHRCECIA, nov. 

Type, E. S2i.avis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2ncl joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd short ; 
f'rons with rounded prominence with corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 
round; antennje of male laminate, almost simple; thorax clothed with hair 
only and without distinct crests ; tibiae fringed with long hair ; abdomen with 
dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly 
curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form theareole; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, i from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

A. Fore wing without pink beyond the postmedial baud; bind 

wing with the apical area suffused with brown suavis. 

B. Fore wing with the whole postmedial area pink ; hind 

wing almost wholly suffused with brown , rhodophora. 

*4360. Erythrcecia suavis. 

Heliothis suavis, H. Edw. Pap. iv. p. 45 (1884) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 
p. 271. 

d" . Head, front half of thorax, a patch on metathoras, and tibiae 
bright pink, the rest of thorax lemon-yellow; hair on pectus white ; 




''^H4^/ "^ 



Fig. IS. — Erytliroecia suavis, ^ . 



tarsi brownish. Fore wing bright lemon-yellow ; the costal area 
bright pink ; a waved pink antemedial band; orbicular and reniform 



05 NOCTUID^. 

small points with some yellow at centres, the former round ; 
a waved postmedial band expanding at costa and inner margin ; a 
terminal series of cupreous-red points; cilia greenish yellow, pink at 
tips. Hind wing yellowish white, the apical area down to vein 4 
tinged with rufous. 

• Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, Denver in U.S. jSTat. Mus., New Mexico, 
Las Vegas. E.vp. 36 millim. 

4361. Erythrcecia rhodophora, n. sp. (Plate CXXXVIII, fig. 4.) 

(S . Head and thorax bright crimson, the latter mixe^^witli pale 
ochreous ; pectus and legs ochreous white, the fore and mid femora 
fringed with crimson hair and the tibiae crimson ; abdomen ochreous 
white dorsally suffused with brown. I'ore wing ochreous white ; 
the costal area suffused with bright crimson to near middle ; two 
slight crimson spots in basal part of cell ; a broad oblique diffused 
antemedial crimson band from cell to just above inner margin ; 
orbicular and reniform crimson, the former round, the latter 
iri-egular and with slight ochreous lunule in centre ; postmedial 
area crimson, its outer edge angled outwards below vein 7 and 
excurved at middle and to termen towards tornus ; a terminal series 
of slight crimson lunules. Hind wing ochreous white mostly 
suffused with fuscous brown, the veins and termen slightly tinged 
with crimson ; the underside ochreous white, the veins tinged with 
crimson, an indistinct diffused crimson postmedial line, the terminal 
area slightly irrorated with crimson. 

ITab. Guatemala, Capitello {Rodriguez), 1 J type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 34 millim. 



Genus COPIFEONTIA. ^^^^ 

Copifrontia, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. iii. p. 433 (1905) ... xantherythra. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, ratber slenderly 
scaled, tbe 2nd joint reaching about to middle of frons, the 3rd moderate; 
irons with vertical ridge-like corneous process, rounded in front ; eyes large, 
round ; anteimfe of male with uniserrate serrations ; tborax clothed with 
hair and hair-like scales, the prothorax with spreading crest, tlie vertex of 
thorax with ridge-like crest ; tibise fringed with long hair ; abdomen with 
dorsal crest at base only. FiTe wing with the apex rounded, the termen 
evenly curved and slightly crenulate ; veins 3 aud 5 from near angle of cell : 
6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 nearly fully 
develo)ied from well above angle ; 6,7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 

4362. Copifrontia xantherythra. 

Copifrontia xantherythra, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. iii. p. 433 (1905). 

(^ . Head and thorax bright yellow ; palpi above and frons 
purplish pink; antennne rufous; tegulye, patagia, and vertex of 



COriFEOXTIA. EJIBOLCECIA, 



59 



thorax with purplish-pink patches, the scales tipped with white; 
pectus and legs pale ochreous, the pectus and fore tibiae pink in 
front; abdomen deep ochreous, the ventral surface pale ochreous. 
Pore wing bright yellow, the costal edge whitish ; the basal area 
purplish pink, the scales tipped with white and with some j'ellow 
at base of cell and on inner margin, the outer edge of the area 
oblique and sinuous from costa to just below median nervure, then 




Fig. jl). — Cupifroiitia xanthcrijiltra, (^ 



inwardly oblique and incurved at vein 1, a series of small pink spots 
beyond it with a curved mark beyond them at vein 1 ; orbicular 
defined by pink, round, conjoined to a large pink patch which 
extends obliquely from just below costa to the postmedial line 
beyond lower angle of cell and thence below the cell to below 
orbicular ; a large yellow postmedial patch from costa to vein 5 
with five small pinkish spots on it, the postmedial yellow line 
arising from its lower edge and obliquely incurved to the yellow 
jiatch on middle of inner area where it is only defined by small 
pinkish spots before and beyond it ; terminal area purplish pink 
with a yellow patch at apex with slight oblique waved subterminal 
line from it to inner margin ; cilia brownish with a fine pale line 
at base. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish white, the inner area 
clothed with yellow hair. 

Hah. Mashonaland {Dohhie), 1 S type. Exi). 46 millim. 



Genus EMBOLOECIA, nov. 

Type, E. sau~alita'. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturiierl, tbe 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd moderate ; 
frons with vertical flattened corneous process with rounded edge in front ; 
eyes large, round ; antennae of female ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and 
Lair-like scales (much rubbed, ? tegulre produced to a slight dorsal ridge, 
prothorax with hmg oblique flattened crest, metathorax with divided crest) ; 
tibiaj fringed with long hair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on basal segments. 
Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced and acute ; the termen evenly 
curved and slightly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle 
of disco'.-ellulars ; 6,7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 



60 



NOCTCIl)^. 



4363. EmbolcBcia sauzalitae. 

Ochria sanzalittB, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 216 (1875) ; Smith, 
Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 179. 

2 . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with rufous and red-brown, 
the scales slightly tipped with grey ; abdomen ochreous irrorated 
with red-brown. Pore wing yellow irrorated with rufous, the 
antemedial area, cell and postmedial' area suffused with purple- 
brown, the veins streaked with brown; antemedial line very 




Fig. 20. — Emholaecia sauzalita, §. \. 

indistinct, sinuous and strongly excurved above inner margin ; 
claviform white defined by dark brown, bifid and divided by a 
yellow streak ; orbicular white defined by dark brown and with 
brown point in middle, small, round ; reniform yellow with two 
small white spots above and three below defined by rufous ; a dif- 
fused rufous medial line from cell to inner margin ; postmedial lino 
double, the inner line indistinct, the outer strong, purplish fuscous, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, oblique and slightly incurved 
below vein 5 ; subterminal line angled outwards at veins 7, 6, 4, 3, 2 ; 
a yellow patch at apex ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia red- 
brown mixed with greyish and with fine pale line at base. Hind 
wing ochreous yellow irrorated with brown, the veins brown ; 
traces of a curved postmedial line ; a diffused brown subterminal 
band except towards costa ; a fine brown terminal line; the under- 
side ochreous yellow irrorated with red-brown, traces of a slight 
discoidal lunule and sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Sauzalita (Behrens), 1 § type. Ecv2i. 
36 millim. 



Genus PAPAIPEMA. „ 

Type. 

PajMipcma, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxvi. p. 12 (1899) cerina. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reacliing about to 
middle of IVons and moderately scaled in front, the ord short; frons smooth ; 
eyes lari^e, round ; antennae of male ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and 
scales mixed, tegula; produced to a slight dor.sal ridge, tlie prothorax with long 
flattened oblique crest, the metathorax with divided crest ; tibijE fringed with 
lone iiair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on basal segments. Fore wing with 
the apex produced and acute, the termen evenly curved and hardly crenulate ; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anasio- 



PAPAIPEJIA. 61 

mosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 6 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 fVom upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

The larvae feed in the stems of plants, when young the ground-colour is dark 
with the dorsal and subdorsal lines white, when full-grown they are translucent 
white without markings. 

A. Head, thorax and terminal area of fore wing purple- 

pink appassiona ta. 

B. Head, thoi-ax and terminal area of fore wing not purple- 

pink. 
a. Fore wing with the ground-colour yellow. 

«!. Fore wing with the postmedial line single, dentate . cerina. 
b^. Fore wing with the postmedial line double and 
not dentate. 
a^. Fore wing more or less tinged with rufous. 

a^. Fore wing with the postmedial line oblique from 
below costa to veins 5 or 4, then inwardly 
oblique. 
a*. Fore wing with the medial line angled out- 
wards to lower angle of cell inqncBsita. 

ft*. Fore wing with the medial line not angled 

outwards to lower angle of cell speciosissima. 

b'^. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved 
from below costa to vein 4, then oblique or 
incurved. 
a*. Fore wing with the reniforui a narrow white 

bar steiioscelis. 

ft-*. Fore wing with yellowish or white lunule in 
centre of reniform surrounded by spots. 
a5. Fore wing with white spots before sub- 
basal line. 
a^. Fore wing with the centre of reniform 

white nephrasyntlicia. 

b^. Fore wing with the centre of reniform 

pale yellow marginidcns. 

b^. Fore wing with yellow spots before sub- 
basal line, 
a". Fore wing with the stigmata white, 
a'. Fore wing with the reniform large 
and dilated below. 
a^. Fore wing strongly suffused with 

purple-red bapiisi(S. 

b^. Fore wing much yellower and less 

suffused with red furcata. 

b'l. Fore wing witli the reniform narrower 
and hardly dilated below. 
o?. Fore wing with the spot at middle 
of outer edge of reniform white. 
a?. Fore wing nearly uniform rufous circumlucens. 
b^. Fore wing suffused with brown, 
the inner area to postmedial line 
and the apes reddish yellow ... rufila. 
c9. Fore wing much paler, yellow 

slightly tinged with rufous ochroptena. 

68. Fore wing with the spot at middle 

of outer edge of reniform yellow... merriccata. 
h^. Fore wing with the stigmata pale yellow. 
aJ. Fore wing strongly suffused with 

rufous insuUdens. 

b". Fore wing slightly tinged with rufous, angelica. 



G2 



XOCTUID.E. 



r3. Fore wing with the postmedial line erect from 
below costa to vein (i, then oblique. 
a*. Fore wing with tiie renitbrin elongate and 
constricted at middle. 
a5. Fore wing with the postmedial line not 
excurved below vein 2. 
rt6. Fore wing with white spots on the 
stigmata. 
a~. Fore wing yellow irrorated with 
rufous, the postmedial area suffused 
with purple. 
aS. Fore wing with the terminal area 

suffused with purple astuta. 

Jfi. Foi-e wing with the terminal area 

rufous arcttVo-rejis. 

I)'. Fore wing nearly uniformly suffused 
with rufous, the postmedial area 

suffused witii purple harrisi. 

//''. Fore wing without white spots on the 

stigmata impecuniosa. 

b=>. Fore wing with the postmedial line ex- 
curved below vein 2 verona. 

I)-*. Fore wing with the reuiform shorter and 

more rounded limata. 

d'-K Fore wing with the postmedial line bent out- 
wards below costa, then oblique. 
aA. Fore wing with white centre to reni form ... latki. 
h*. Fore wing with yellow centre to reniform. 
ffS. Fore wing with the postmedial line stro)igly 
bent outwards below costa. 
c6. Fore wing with rufous spot in centre of 
orbicular. 
aJ. Fore wing witli the claviform and 

orbicular filled in with white ^3wr^jMn/a.scia. 

Ip. Fore wing with the claviform and 

orbicular filled in with pale yellow... anargyrea. 
Ifi. Fore wing without rufous spot in centre 

of orbicular pierisii. 

lf\ Fore wing with the postmedial line slightly 

angled outwards below costa rigida. 

b^. Fore wing not tinged with rufous. 

«3. Fore wing with the stigmata filled in witli 

white duovafa. 

b"^. Fore wing with the stigmata not filled in with 

white cataphracta. 

h. Fore wing with the ground-colour ochreous brown. 
CL^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines 
double. 
dr. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial areas 

purple-brown imperspiciia. 

b'^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial areas 

concolorous un imoda. 

b^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines 

single avcme. 

c. Fore wing with the ground-colour purple or olive- 
brown. 
a^. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved from 
below costa to vein 4, then incurved. 
«2. Fore wing with the whole medial area bronze- 
brown. 
a^. Fore wing with the postmedial line erect below 

vein 3 nelita. 



PAP.vrPEjfA. 63 

h'-K Fore wing witli the postmediiil line oblique 

below vein 3 frigida. 

h-. Fore wing with the inner medial area de«p red 
irrorated with yellow, the reniform elongate 

and constricted at middle cerrussata. 

c3. Fore wing with the inner medial area red not 
irrorated with yellow, the reniform shorter and 

broader sciata. 

d". Fore wing with the whole medial area concolorons 

with rest of wing limpida. 

h^. Fore wing with the postmedial line oblique from 
below costa to vein (>, then inwardly oblique. 

a". Fore wing olive-brown nehris. 

b^ Fore wing purple-brown. 

«•*. Fore wing with the medial and terminal areas 

tinged with brown dupllcatu. 

JA. Fore wing uniform purple-brown irrorated with 

white maritima. 

c'. Fore wing with the postmedial line slightly angled 

outwards below costa, then oblique eu-paforli. 

f/i Fore wing with tlie postmedial line absent. 

a^. Hind wing tinged and irrorated with brown ; 

size 36-48 millim necopina. 

b-. Hind wing whitish irrorated with brown ; size 

32 millim imperiurhuta. 

4364. Papaipema appassionata. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 5.) 

Gorfyna appasi^ionafa, Harv. Can. Ent. viii. p. 155(1876); Smith, Cat. 
Noct. N. Am. p. 178. 

Head and thorax pui-plish pink mixed with some white ; antennte 
white ; outer edge of patagia and thoracic crests at tips dark brown ; 
abdomen pale yellow, the basal crest and anal tuft tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing pale yellow suffused in parts with bright 
rufous and the veins streaked with rufous to the postmedial 
line, the postmedial and terminal areas purplish red with fiery 
red patch at apex ; subbasal line rufous with yellow before and 
beyond it, waved from costa to submedian fold, then bent inwards 
to base ; antemedial area rufous to vein 1 ; antemedial line double 
filled in with yellow, somewhat inwardly oblique and sinuous 
to vein 1, then bent outwards above inuer margin ; claviform 
represented by two white spots defined by brown, divided by 
a rufous streak in submedian fold and with a few rufous scales 
on them; orbicular white defined by brown and with rufous 
point in centre, slightly constricted at middle ; reniform very large 
with yellow line in centre defined by rufous, surrounded by white 
spots separated by rufous streaks on the veins ; an oblique waved 
rufous medial line from cell to inner margin ; postmedial line 
double filled in yellow, the inner line rufous, the outer dark, 
dilated at costa, slightly bent outwards below costa, then minutely 
waved, excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some yellow points beyond 
it on costa ; traces of a yellowish subterminal line, incurved below 
costa and bounding the red apical patch, then slightly waved and 
excurved at middle ; a slight red-brown terminal line. Hind wing 
pale yellow tinged with rufous, except on terminal area, the veins 



64 IfOCTUID.E. 

brownish ; a slight discoidal line and oblique waved post.medial line 
excurved at median nervules ; a slight brown terminal line ; cilia 
tinged with crimson ; the underside yellow with the costa and 
terminal area to vein 4 tinged with rufous ; a faint oblique post- 
medial line. 

Hah. Canada, Ontario, Ottawa (Young), 1 c? , 2 5 » London, 1 § 
type. Exp. 34-38 millira. 

Larva. Bird, Can. Ent. xxxv. p. 91. 

Sienna-brown, dorsal and subdorsal lines pure white. Food- 
plant, Sarracenia. 

4365. Papaipema cerina. (Plate CXXXVIII. figi^.) 

Gortt/na cerina, Grote, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1874, p. 200; id. Illustr, 
Essay, p. 59, pi. ii. f. 25 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 17fi. 

5 . Head and thorax bright yellow, the head, tegulas at base, 
shoulders, a band behind tegulse, tips of patagia and metathoracic 
crests at sides suffused with purplish rufous ; legs with rufous 
mixed ; abdomen ochreous yellow. Fore wing bright yellow ; sub- 
basal line rufous, double, waved, from costa to submedian fold, the 
antemedial area purplish rufous except at costa ; antemedial line 
rufous, double, waved, oblique ; claviform short and broad, purplish 
rufous defined by rufous ; orbicular and reniform purplish rufous 
defined by rufous, the former very small, elliptical, the latter strongly 
constricted at middle : a rufous medial line incurved and dentate 
below the cell ; postmedial line rufous, bent outwards below costa, 
then dentate, incurved below vein 4 to lower extremity' of reniform ; 
postmedial and terminal areas except at apex purplish rufous, the 
subterminal line yellow, excurved below vein 7 and slightly at 
middle ; a terminal series of slight brown striae ; cilia purplish 
rufous slightly mixed with yellow. Hind wing pale ochreous 
yellow slightly tinged with rufous except on costal area ; an indis- 
tinct diffused subterminal brownish band ; the underside with the 
costal area tinged with rufous, a slight discoidal lunule, oblique 
jwstmedial line, and traces of subtermiftal band. 

Hab. U.S.A., Maine. Kansas, 1 $ type. Exjj. 50 millim. 

4366. Papaipema inqusesita. (Plate CXXXYIII. fig. 7.) 

Gortyna inquo'sita, Grote, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. i. p. 344 (1868) ; Smith, 
Cat. Koct. N. Am. p. 176. 

Head and thorax bright rufous mixed with yellow ; abdomen 
Yellow faintly tinged with rufous, the crests brownish. Fore wiiij; 
yellow suffused with bright rufous, the veins and submedian fold 
streaked with brown ; subbasal line faint, double, rufous, waved, 
from eosta to submedian fold ; antemedial line indistinctly double, 
rufous, waved ; claviform defined by rufous, elliptical and bisected 
by the streak in submedian fold ; orbicular small, elliptical, yellow 
defined by rufous ; reniform narrow and faintly defined by rufous, 
oblique ; medial line rufous, somewhat dittused, very oblique from 



PATAIPEHrA. 65 

cnsta to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique; postmedial line 
double, rufous, bent outwards below costa, oblicjuely excurved to 
vein 4, then very obliciue, some whitish points beyond it on costa; 
faint traces of a rufous subterminal line excurved below vein 7 and 
at middle ; a red-brown terminal line. Hiud wing pale yellow 
tinged with rufous, the veins brownish ; a fine brown terminal 
line ; the underside yellowish white faintly tinged with rufous, a 
slight rufous postmedial line excurved to vein 4, then oblique. 

Hah. U.S.A., Eastern, Middle, and Central States, New Harap 
shire, New York, 1 c? , 1 $ , l^ye {Bird), 1 $ , Rhode I. Exp. 
S 38, $ 42 millim, 

Larua. Head shining pale brown with a blackish shade over the 
ocelli. Body sordid whitish without markings; cervical shield and 
anal plate pale brown with black edges ; tubercles small, black, 
those around the spiracles larger. Food-plant, Onoclea sensibiUs, 
Linn.— H. G. D. 

*4367. Papaipema speciosissima. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 8.) 

Gortyna speciosissima, Gi'ote& Rob. Tivins. Am. Ent. See. i. p. 342, pi. vii. 
f. 52 (1868) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 177. 

c? . Head and thorax bright rufous ; abdomen ochreous tinged 
with rufous, the ventral surface rufous. Fore wing yellow, almost 
wholly suffused with bright rufous, the veins streaked with rufous ; 
subbasal line represented by two red strice from costa ; antemedial 
line double, the outer line less distinct, angled outwards below costa, 
then sinuous, excurved above inner margin ; claviform two small 
white spots defined by brown ; orbicular a small white bar defined 
b)r brown ; reniform a very narrow and elongate oblique white 
lunule defined by brown ; medial line red, oblique from costa to 
median nervure, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line double, the 
inner line fine, slightly bent outwards below costa, oblique and 
minutely waved to vein 5, then inwardly oblique; the terminal 
area rather redder ; subterminal line indistinct, faintly defined by 
yellowish on outer side, somewhat dentate, angled outwards at 
vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a fine rufous terminal line ; cilia 
bright rufous. Hind wing yellowish suffused with rufous ; traces 
of a sinuous postmedial line ; a fine rufous terminal line ; the 
underside with distinct curved postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York, Rhode I., New Jersey in 
Coll. E. Shoemaker. Exj). 52 millim. 

*4368. Papaipema stenoscelis. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 9.) 
Hi/droecm sfciioscelis, Dyar, J. N.Y. Ent. Soo. xv. p. .'52 (1907). 

2 . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with rufous and mixed 
with purplish ; abdomen ochreous white tinged with purplish. 
Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous and suffused with purplish 
except on inner half of medial area and before postmedial line; 
antemedial line indistinct, double, nearly straight; stigmata pure 

VOL. IX, F 



G6 NOCTCID.i:. 

white, the daviform and orbicvilar forming narrow bars separated 
by the median nervure, the reuiform an oblique bar; medial lijie 
distinct, brown, oblique, slightly excurved at median iiervure ; 
postmedial line double, the inner line indistinct, slightly bent out- 
wards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal 
line represented by a series of faint dark lunules ; tlie veins of 
terminal area with dark streaks; an apical yellow patch. Hind 
wing ochreous tinged with fuscous ; cilia ochreous. 

Hah. U.S.A., Maryland, Ealtimore. Ea-j). 40 millim. This 
species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in 
U.S. Nat. Mus. 

*4369. Papaipema nephrasyntheta. (Plate CXXXYIII. fig. 10.) 

Gortyna nephrasyntheta, Dyar, Can. Ent. xl. p. 78 (1908). 

5 . Head and thorax purple-brown ; abdomen whitish sufi'used 
with purple-brown. Fore wing purplish red, the inner half to post- 
medial line and the apical j)atch yellowish red ; a white point at 
base ; subbasal white spots below costa and cell followed by the 
sinuous red-bro-\vn subbasal line defined by white marks on outer 
side and with white point beyond it in cell ; antemedial line indis- 
tinct, oblique, sinuous, bent outwards above inner margin ; davi- 
form represented by two superimposed round white spots ; orbicular 
a small round white spot ; reniform with white centre surrounded 
by white spots except at middle of inner side ; medial line brown, 
oblique to median nervure, then minutely waved ; postmedial line 
double, strongly bent outwards below costa, tlien minutely waved, 
excurved to vein 4, then slightly incurved, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line reddish defined on inner side 
by brown, minutely dentate, angled outwards at vein 7 and sliglitly 
excurved at middle ; a fine red-browni terminal line. Hind wing 
whitish sutfused with red ; a slight discoidal lunule, faint sinuous 
postmedial line, and diffused subterminal band. 

Hah. U.S.A., Maryland, Plummer's I. Exp. 54 millim. This 
species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in 
U.S. Nat. Mus. 

4370. Papaipema marginidens. (riateCXXXVI.TI.fig.il.) 

Gortyna marginidens, Guen. Noct. i. p. 123 (1852); Smith, Cat. Noet, N. 

Am. p. 177. 
Gortyna Birdi, Dyar, Can. Ent. xl. p. 78 (1908). 

Head and thorax purple-red, the vertex of head wdiitish ; antennas 
with the basal joint white ; tegulte tipped with white ; tarsi ringed 
with white ; abdomen whitish sufi'used with purplish rufous. Pore 
wing rufous, the inner area j^ellower, the antemedial and post- 
medial areas to vein 1 greyish purple ; subbasal line waved, from 
costa to vein 1, with white patches before it below costa and cell, 
defined by white on outer side and with white point beyond it in 
cell • antemedial line indistinctly double, angled inwards on sub- 



PAl'AIPEMA. 67 

costal nervure, incurved in submediaa interspace and strongly 
excurved above inner margin, an oblique white striga on it below 
the cell; claviform represented by two white spots defined by rufous, 
the lower round, the upper small and oblicpie ; orbicular white 
defined bj' rufous and with rufous point on it near outer edge, 
rather triangular ; reniform large, oblique, constricted at middle 
and expanding below, with yellow line in centre defined by rufous 
surrounded with white spots defined by rufous ; medial line red- 
brown, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly 
oblique; postmedial line double, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely waved, excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some whitish 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line brown, dentate, excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; an apical yellow patch ; a fine brown 
terminal line. Hind wing ochreous white tinged with purplish 
red ; traces of a discoidal lunule, sinuous postmedial line and 
diffused subterminal baud ; a fine brown terminal line ; the under- 
side whitish tinged with purplish red, an indistinct curved post- 
medial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Northern, Eastern, and Middle States, 1 cj" , New 
York, Eye (Bird), 1^,1$, Illinois. Exp. 46-50 millim. 

Larva. Head reddish brown, the mouth blackish. Body sordid 
whitish, translucent ; cervical shield and anal plate brown ; tubercles 
large, brown, the two on joint 1 the same size as the four dorsal 
ones on joint 12. Food-plant, Ciciita maculata. — H. G. D, 



4371. Papaipema baptisiae. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 12.) 

Hydracia liaptMw, Bird, Can. Ent. xxxiv. p. 109 (1902); Dyar, Cat. Lep. 
']S. Am. p. 176. 

S . Head and thorax deep purple, the scales slightly tipped with 
grey, the tips of tegulas and a patch behind prothoracic crest and 
on upper edge of patagia orange ; abdomen ochreous slightly 
suffused with purple, more strongly on ventral surface. Fore 
wing orange-yellow, the antemedial, postmedial, and the terminal 
area except at apex deep purple-red, the medial area mostly suffused 
and irrorated with chocolate-red, the apical area irrorated with 
chocolate-red ; subbasal line deep red with yellow before and beyond 
it, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line indistinct, 
double filled in with some yellow, waved, rather oblique; claviform 
represented by two obliquely placed pure white spots, the lower 
larger ; orbicular pure white defined by brown, round ; reniform 
with yellow line in centre defined by red surrounded by pure white 
spots separated by red streaks, its inner edge excised ; an indistinct 
sinuous red line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; post- 
medial line double filled in with yellow towards costa and inner 
margin, the inner line indistinct, the outer dark except towards 
costa, bent outwards below costa, then very slightly waved, obli(]ue 
to vein 6 and incurved below vein 4, some pale points beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line dark brown with a few yellow scales on its 

f2 



68 NOCTUIDJS. 

outer edge, angled outwards at vein 7, exeurved and waved at 
middle, incurved at discal and submedian folds ; a iine brown 
terminal line ; cilia purplisli at base, dark brown at ti[)s. Hind 
wing pale yellow, tlie veins and terminal area tinged with purplish: 
an indistinct sinuous postmedial line and traces of a diHused sub- 
terminal band ; tlie underside with the costal area irrorated with 
piirplish red, a discoidal point, curved postmedial line and indistinct 
diffused subterminal band. 

Hah. U.S.A., New York, Eye {H. Bird), 1 S cotype. Exp. 
38 millim. 

Larva. Semitranslucent ; 1st four abdominal segments dark, the 
outer segments with pale dorsal, subdorsal, and lateral lines, the 
dorsal line showing slightly on the dark somites ; head yellow with 
dark lateral line. Pood-plant, Baptisia tinctorina. 

*4372. Papaipema furcata. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 13.) 

ffi/droecia furcaia. Smith, Traus. Am. Ent. h'oc. xxvi. p. 46 (1899); Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 177. 

c? . Head and thorax pale yellow mixed with rufous ; antennae 
with the basal joint white ; pectus and legs whitish tinged with 
rufous ; abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing pale yellow more or 
less suffused with rufous, the veins slightly streaked with red-brown ; 
traces of a waved red-brown subbasal line from costa to submedian 
fold; antemedial line very indistinct, waved, red-brown, witli pure 
white spots before it in cell and above vein 1 ; claviform represented 
by two round pure white spots defined by red-brown, the upper 
rather smaller ; orbicular pure white defined by red-brown, round ; 
reniform with pale yellow lunula at centre and spot on outer edge, 
defined by three small white spots above and four below all defined 
by red-brown ; an oblique diffiised rufous shade from lower apgle 
of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line double, red -brown, bent 
outwards below costa, then crenulate, exeurved to vein 4, then 
oV)lique ; subterminal line red-brown, dentate, exeurved below vein 7 
and at middle, a yellow patch beyond it at apex ; a fine red-brown 
terminal line. Hind wing very pale yellow ; the underside whiter, 
the costa and veins slightly tinged with rufous, traces of a curved 
postmedial line. 

Nab. U.S.A., New Hampshire, Manchester, New York, Long I., 
New Jersey, Carlstadt, Washington, D.C. (h/ay), in U.S. Nat. Mus., 
Illinois, Urbana. Kv^). 44 millim. 

4373. Papaipema circumlucens, (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 14.) 

Hydracia ciraimlucens. Smith, Traus. Am. Ent. Soc. xxvi. p. 43 (1899) ; 
Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 176. 

^ . Head and thorax purplish rufous mixed with some greyish, 
the mesothorax with some orange fulvous ; aiitenna? with tlie 1st 
joint white ; pectus and legs rufous, the tarsi slightly ringed with 
white ; abdomen rufous tinged with purplish brown, the crests 



PAPAIPEMA. 69 

brown. Fore wing fulvous, the basal, costal, and terminal areas 
tinged with brown ; a white point at base ot inner margin ; suV»- 
basal line double, brown, filled in with whitish at costa and with 
whitish point beyond it in cell, waved, from costa to submcdian 
fold ; antemedial line double, indistinct except toAvards costa and 
inner margin and filled in with white at costa, iuwardly oblique 
and sinuous from costa to above vein 1, then strongly bent outwards ; 
clavifonn represented by two round white spots defined by blackish, 
the upper smaller : orbicular small, white defined by blackish, 
rather constricted at middle ; reniform with yellow line in centre 
defined by brown surrounded with small \vhite spots defined by 
rufous except at middle of inner side, oblique ; an oblique line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin to which it is slightly 
bent outwards ; postmedial line double, the inner line indistinct 
except below vein 3, bent outwards below costa, then very minutely 
waved, excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some small white spots 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line brown slightly defined by 
fulvous on outer side and with fulvous patch beyond it at apex, 
excurved at vein 7 and middle, a fine brown terminal line ; cilia 
red-brown with a slight dark line through them. Hind wing 
yellow tinged with rufous, the veins and terminal area suffused 
with purplish red ; cilia with a slight pale line at base : the 
underside yellowish white, the costal and terminal areas tinged 
Avith purplish red, an indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Hab. U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York, IJ , 2 $ , Rye {Bird), 
1 c? , 1 ? . Exp. 48 millim. 

Larva. Bird, Can. Eut. xxxix. p. 137. 

Head pale brown with a black mark on the ocelli. Body 
cylindrical, translucent, faintly purplish, the dorsal line ])ii]or ; 
cervical shield and anal plate large, brown ; tubercles small, brown, a 
large brown area around iv. Food-plant : Hop {Humula.s), forming 
a gall in stem of vine. — H. G. I). 



4374. Papaipema rutila. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 15.) 

GoHyna rutila , Giien. Noct. i. p. 12o, pi. vi. f. 1 (1852); Smith, Cat. Noct. 

N." Am. p. 177. 
Gorttjna nephdi'i^tena, Djar, Can. Eiit. xl. p. 77 (1908). 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with greyish ; abdomen 
greyish tinged with brown. Fore wing sufi'used with brown, the 
inner area reddish ochreous to postmedial line ; indistinct yellowish 
spots at base below costa and cell, crossed by the slight subbasal 
line ; antemedial line obsolete ; clavil'orm represented by tAvo small 
white spots, the upper excised on inner side ; orbicular a small 
round Avhite spot ; reniform a narroAV yellow lunule surrounded by 
Avhite spots ; a slight incurved medial line from lower angle of cell 
to inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct, bent outwards beloAv 
costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal line yellowish 
defined by brown on inner side, diffused on outer, minutely waved, 



70 KOCITTID^, 

angled outwards at vein 7 and at middle; an apical yellow patch. 
Hind wing whitish tinged with brown leaving an ill-defined terminal 
whitish band. 

Hah. U.S.A., New York, Illinois (DouUeday), 1 ^ type. Exji. 
36 millim. 



*437o. Papaipema ochroptena. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 16.) 

Gortyna ochroptena, Dyar, Can. Ent. xl. p. 77 (1908). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ochreous yellow slightly tinged 
■with rufous. Eore wing pale yellow slightly tinged with rufous, 
the lines indistinct; subbasal line curved, from costa to subraedian 
fold ; anteraedial line sinuous, bent outwards above inner margin ; 
claviform represented by two obliquely superposed white spots ; 
orbicular a small white spot ; reniform with white lunule in centre 
surrounded by white spots ; an oblique line from lower angle of cell 
to inner margin ; postmedial line indistinctly double, beiit outwards 
below costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line yellow defined by brown on 
inner side, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; an apical yellow 
patch; a fire brown terminal line. Hind wing white faintly tinged 
with rufous. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, Denver. Exp. 34 millim. This species 
is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in U.S. Nat. 
Mus. 



4376. Papaipema merriccata. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 17.) 

Papaij)e7na merriccata. Bird, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. 270 (1907). 

Head and thorax rufous mixed with some brown ; basal joint of 
antcnna3 pure white, the pro- and metathoracic crests dark brown ; 
abdomen ochreous j'ellow with the crests brown. Fore wing yellow 
thickly suffused and irrorated with bright rufous, the terminal area 
deeper rufous ; subbasal line double, rufous filled in with yellow 
and with some yellow before it, waved, from costa to subraedian 
fold, a white point beyond it in cell ; antemedial line indistinct, 
double filled in with yellowish ; angled inwards below costa and on 
vein ], angled outwards at median nervure and strongly bent 
outwards above inner margin ; claviform a round white spot with 
white point above it, both defined by black ; orbicular a rather 
elliptical white spot defined by black ; reniform a narrow yellow 
lunule defined by rufous wdth two Avhite spots on its inner side and 
three ou outer all defined by black, and a yellow lunule defined by 
rufous at middle of outer edge; an indistinct brown medial line, 
oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then sinuous ; postmedial 
line double, the inner line indistinct except at inner margin, the 
outer dark brown ; a yellow spot on it at costa, bent outwards 
below custa, then very slightly waved, excurved to vein 4, then 



PAPAIPEMA. 71 

oblique and slightly incurved below vein 2, some wliitish points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line represented by very faint 
yellowish lunulas very slightly defined by brown on inner side, 
angled outwards at vein 7 ai;d excurved at middle ; an apical 
yellow patch ; cilia dark brown. Hind wing pale yellow, the veins 
tinged with red-brown, a faint diffused red-brown subterminal 
band ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia with a slight brown line 
near base and brownish tips ; the underside with the costal area 
irrorated with rufous, slight curved postmedial and subterminal 
lines. 

}lab. U.S.A {Doubhday, Grote), 2 c5' , Pennsvlvania, New Brighton 
{Men-ich), 1 § cotype. 'Exp. c? 42, § 48 millim. 

Larva. Pink ; dorsal, subbasal and lateral lines pale yellowish, 
the last two interrupted on 1st four abdominal somites ; tubercles 
brownish ; spiracles black Food-plant, PodophyUum peltatum. 



*4377. Papaipema insulidens. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 18.) 

Hyclroecia insnlidens. Bird, Can. Eiit. xxxiv. p. 112, pi. 3 (1902) ; Dyar, 
"Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 176. 

Yellow suffused with bright rufous. Fore wing slightly irrorated 
Avitli dark scales especially on the veins ; a yellowish or whitish 
point at base ; subbasal line waved, from costa to submedian fold, 
the area before it sometimes whitish ; antemedial line indistinct, 
waved ; medial area yellow with purplish shading towards costa ; 
stigmata yellowish white ; claviform double, orbicular round, 
rcniform with central lunule surrounded by small spots ; medial 
line nearl}^ erect from costa to vein 2, then oblique; postmedial 
line double, oblique from costa to vein 6, excurved to vein 4, then 
oblique, the area beyond it purplish to the dentate subterminal line 
wbich is angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; an 
apical yellowish patch or the whole terminal area yellowish. Fore 
wing yellowish suffused with fuscous especially towards termeu ; 
cilia purplish ; the underside tinged with pinkish. 

Hal). Canada, Vancouver I. Exp. 32-137 millim. This species 
is unknown to me ; figured from drawing from type in Coll. Bird. 



*4378. Papaipema angelica. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 19.) 

Hi/drcecia angelica. Smith, Trans. Am. Eut. Sou. sxri. p. 40 (1899) ; Uyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 176. 

cJ . Head and thorax pale orange-yellow, the pro- and meta- 
thoracic crests and patagia tipped with dark brown : abdomen pale 
yellow. Fore wing pale yellow slightly irrorated with red-brown, 
rather more thickly on postmedial area; antemedial line indistinct, 
double, angled outwards below costa, incurved in submedian 
interspace and excurved above inner margin ; claviform faintly 



72 iMucruiD.ii. 

<l(!fiiio(l by ro(l-l)i()\vti, oxhiiidirif^ to rnodiuii iiorvurc ; orbicular jiiid 
n-iiironii (Icliiiod l»y rcd-l)r()\vii, tlic I'oniuir iiidisl.iiict,, round, with 
brown point in ccn1r«% tlio lalicr with some brown Hiidiision on 
inner pavi ; inodiul lino indisLincl, oblique t'loni coHta to rcniibrm, 
inwurdly obli(|uo Itclow tbo coll and bent outvvardH to inner uuirf^iii ; 
po,stmo(iial line double, the inner lino indistinct, bent outwards 
below conta, excurvcd to vein 5, then obli(iU{) ; Hubterniinal lino 
waved, an;4'l()d outwards at vein 7 and inwards o,t disscal fold to 
])0!slniedi!il line, excurved ut middle; the veins of terminal area 
8lij;litly tinged with brown; a fine red-broAvn terminal lim; ; cilia 
brown mixed with grejish. Hind winj;; i)alo yellow witli indiHtinct 
difFiised brownish subtorniinal line and slif^ht terminal lino ; lln? 
underHide yellowish white, tho costal area slightly irrorated with 
red-l)rown, an indistinct curved postniedial line. 

JIah. U.S.A., (Jalitbrnia, Los Angeles {Coqa'dlct),\\\ U.S. Nat. 
Mu8. K.tp. 11 niillini. 



*l:{7!>. Papaipema astiita. (Plate CXXXVILl. iig. 20.) 

I'<i/i(ii/in//<i (is/ii/ii, Bird, Ciui. lOut. xxxix. p. 272 (1!)()7). 

9. Head and thorax yellow mixed Avith l)rown, i.he jjrolhoracic 
crest dark brown and grey at tip, the thorax edged with Idai^k- 
brown at sides and beliind ; abdomen ])ale yellowish tinged with 
brown. Fore wing yellow irroratcul with red, the ])ostmedial and 
terminal areas jjurple-lirown, the former de(!i)or in colour, leaving 
a yellowish ii\)\r;\\ ])iitc1i ; sul)basMl line doul)le, red, sinuous, irom 
cost,a tosul)niedian I'old, with a minute yellow ])oint beyond it in cell ; 
antemedial area with a, puri>lisli-brown bund; tho antemedial line 
indistinct, double, rod, sinuous ; claviform r(>])resent-ed by two 
suj)orposed white spots defined by rufous; orbicular a small round 
white s])ot delined by rufous ; reniforin a narrow yellow Innule 
surroiMuhnl l)y snnill spots, those at lower extremity whitish 
and all defined by rufous ; medial lino rufous, obliciuo and sinuous 
from cost a to median nervure, then inwardly obli(pio ; ])ostmedial 
line double, the inner lino rufous, tho outer blackish, strongly 
bent ontAvai'ds below costa, orect to vein (!, then oblii|Ucly 
incurved ; subterminal lino indistinct, brown, angled outwards at 
vein 7 and excurved at. middle ; a line dark tcn-miiial line ; cilia 
]iurplish fuscous. Hind wing ochroous white tinged with brown, 
the veins slightly streaked with ])rown ; a fine brown terminal 
line; the underside with slight discoidal lunule and indislinct 
postiuculial line. 

Ihih. U.S.A., I>cw York, Kye, type t J in Coll. liird. Kv/k 'M 
inlllim. 

Liirvd. Yellowish, lines very faint, obsolete^ on tbo 1st ibur 
abdominal somites which are dark ; tubercles sinidl, black ; thoracic 
shield black at sides. I'ood-plant, ('ollinsonia canadensis. 



I'ArATriniA. 



"i 



4380. Papaipema arctivorens, n. sp. (ri;ito CXXXVIII. fig. 21.) 

J lead niid thorax ])iii-ple iiiixod willi yellow ; antenna) with tho 
hiisal joint Avhitc ; tcf>-ula) slightly edged with yellow behind ; 
abdomen yellow tinged with rufous, the crests dark. Fore wing 
yellow irrorated witli bright rufous, the ])ostmedial area purplisli, 
the terminal area suffused with red-brown cxce])t at apex, the veins 
slightly streaked with brown, subbasal line rufous defined on outer 
side by slight yellow marks and with yellow point beyond it in cell, 
sinuous, from eosta to submedian fold ; anlemedial line indistinct, 
inwardly oblique and sinuous to vein 1, then bent outwards above 
inner margin ; claviform represented by two obliquely jjlaced white 
spots (IcHned by brown, the upper small ; orbicular small, elliptical, 
white defined by brown ; reniform with sinuous obli(iue yellow lino 
in centre defined by rufous, with curved white mark on inner edge 
above, wliite point below and two while jjoints beyond lower 
extremity; a slight sinuous rufous medial line, obli(]ue to median 
nervure, then inwardly oblique ; postuiodial lino double, the inner 
line indistinct and rufous except at cost a where it is filled in with 
yellow, strongly bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, 
erect to vein (5, then o])liquc, some whitish points beyond it on 
costa; a yellowish minutely waved subtorminal line, incurved 
below costa and defining the yellowish apical patch, excurved at 
middle ; cilia greyish brown. Hind wing ochreous white tinged 
Avilh rufous, tho veins brownish; a faint diffused subterminal 
brown band ; the underside yellowish white, the costal and terminal 
areas suffused and irroiated with rufous ; a slight discoidal line 
and curved postnu'dial line. 

llab. Oanaua, Montical (/)/yvZ). 1 (j" . A'.ry;. lUi- 11 uiillim. Hix 
males and five females in Coll. IJird examined. 

Larva. Food-plants : ihirdock and Thistle. 



4381. Papaipema harrisi. 

Gmii/iia l/arrixii, Grolo, Hull. I'.S. (jIcoI. (ivn^. SiirT. Terr. vi. pp. -(iJ^, -7(5 
(iksi); Siiiilli,Cat. Koct. N. Am. ]>. 177. 

J. Head and thorax bright rufous mixed wilh red-brown; 




Fig. 21. — I'apaipcDia harri-ii, ^J. ]. 

antennae with the basal joint purewliil(^: lore tarsi ringed A\ilh 
while; abdomen yellowish irrorated with dark broun. Fore wing 



/ •* NOCTUID^. 

yellow almost wholly suffused aud irrorated with rufous, the area 
before postmcdial line yellower and the postmedial area deeper 
rufous ; a white point at base ; subbasal line rufous defined by 
yellow on outer side and with some yellow before it, angled out- 
wards below costa and ending at vein ], a yellow point beyond it 
in cell ; antemedial line indistinct, red-brown, excurved in cell and 
bent outwards above inner margin ; claviform represented by two 
round pure white spots defined by dark brown, the upper smaller ; 
orbicular pure white defined by dark brown, rather small, elliptical; 
reniforra with yellow line in centre defined by rufous and surrounded 
by small white spots defined by brown except at middle of inner 
side ; an oblique rufous line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line double, the inner line rufous, the outer 
dark brown strongly bent outwards below costa, then very minutely 
sinuous, erect to vein 6, then oblique, some slight white points 
beyond it on costa; subterminal line represented by slightyellow marks 
on outer edge of the dark rufous area, dentate at veins 7, 6, 4, 3, 2 ; 
a terminal series of small red-brown lunules ; cilia dark brown. 
Hind wing yellowish tinged with brown, the costal area whitish ; 
a faint diffused dark subterminal band ; a slight brown terminal line 
from apex to vein 2 ; cilia yellowish with slight brown line through 
them from apex to vein 2, then whitish ; the underside yellowish 
white, the costal half and terminal area irrorated with rufous, a 
small discoidal spot, curved postmedial line, and traces of difi'used 
subterminal band. 

$ . Head, thorax, and fore wing yellow and less rufous. 

Ab. 1. 5 . Pore wing more uniform rufous, and without tho 
white spots on the stigmata ; in Coll. Bird. 

Hab. U.S.A., Maine, Kittery Point, 1 c? , 2 § type, Massachusetts, 
New York (Douhleday), 1 c? , 1 $ . £^-vp. 40-42 millim. 

Larva. Bird, Can. Ent. xsxii. p. 282. 

Pale and semitrauslucent ; dorsal line indistinct ; tubercles black. 
Food-jilant, Hcradium lanatum. 



4382. Papaipema impecuniosa. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 22.) 

Gortt/na impecuniosa, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. yi. p. 267 
(1881) ; 8iiiitb, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 17G. 

Head and thorax purplish rufous mixed with white ; abdomen 
pale rufous, the crests and anal tuft with white mixed. Fore wing 
yellow suffused in parts with purplish and irrorated with fiery red 
to postmedial line, the terminal area purplish rufous ; subbasal line 
slight, red, waved, from costa to submedian fold, some purplish 
suffusion beyond it; antemedial line slight, red, waved, bent out- 
wards below submedian fold ; claviform yellow defined by brown, 
constricted at middle ; orbicular and reniform yellow defined by 
brown, the former small, round, the latter with some red in centre, 
its outer part broken up by streaks, an oblique dark line from lower 



PAPAIPEMA. lO 

angle of cell to inner margin; postmedial line double, the outer 
line dark, bent outwards below costa, erect to vein G, tben obli(jue, 
some pale points beyond it on costa; an apical yellow patch, the 
subterminal line arising from it and repi'eseiited by a series of slight 
yellow marks defined by brown marks on inner side, somewhat 
excurved at middle ; a terminal series of dark striae ; cilia dark 
brown mixed with grey. Hind wing greyish suffused with brown ; 
a fine brown terminal line : cilia brown at base, white at tips ; the 
underside pale, tijiged with purplish and irrorated with brown, a 
brown discoidal spot. 

Hab. Canada, Alberta, Red Deer 11. ( Wolley-Bod), 1 J , 1 $ ; 
U.S.A., Massachusetts, 1 S type, New York, liye {Bird),l S. 
1 $ . Exp. 30-40 millim. 

Larva. Bird, Can. Ent. xxxii. p. 279. 

Flesh-colour, thoracic somites white ; tubercles black ; head 
reddish ; thoracic shield yellowish ; anal plate large and dark. 
Food-plant, Aster umbellatus. 

4383. Papaipema verona. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 23.) 

Hi/droecia verona, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxvi. p. 32 (1899); Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 176. 

c? . Head and thorax yellow, tinged with rufous and mixed with 
purple-brown and grey ; palpi and sides of frons purjde-brown 
mixed with grey ; the edges of patagia and metathoracic crest dark 
purple-brown ; pectus and legs grey mixed with purple-brown ; 
abdomen ochreous, suffused with purple-brown. Fore wing yellow 
irrorated with rufous, the postmedial and terminal areas suffused 
with purple-brown, except at apex and tornus ; subbasal line 
represented by a slight rufous striga from costa and a curved mark 
below the cell ; antemedial line indistinctly double, excurved to 
vein ], then strongly excurved above inner margin; claviform 
represented by two spots defined by dark brown, the upper spot 
yellow, the lower white ; orbicular small, round, yellowish white 
defined by dark brown and with brown point in centre ; reniform 
yellow defined by dark brown and with three whitish spots on 
edges of lower part, constricted at middle ; medial line red-broAvn, 
excurved and slightly sinuous ; postmedial line double at costa and 
below vein 3, the inner line red-brown, the outer rather diffused, 
blackish, bent outwards below costa, erect to vein 3, then oblique 
and slightly excurved below vein 2; subterminal line yellowish, 
defined on inner side by small red-brown lunules, angled outwards 
at vein 7, excurved and minutely dentate at middle ; a fine dark- 
brown terminal line ; cilia yellow at base, brown at tips. Hind 
wing ochreous white irrorated with red-brown ; a slight discoidal 
bar, indistinct postmedial line, and diffused subterminal band; a fine 
dark brown terminal line ; cilia yellowish white. 

Hah. Catstada, Manitoba, Awemo {Criddh), 1 6, ^\^innipeg ; 
U.S.A., Pennsylvania. Exp. 40 millim. 

Larva. Food-plant, Eupatorium. 



76 NOCTtJIB.15. 

*4384. Papaiperaa limata. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 24.) 

rapaijjema limata, Bird, Can. Ent. xl. p. 30 (1908). 

(S . Head and thorax j-ellow suffused with pinkish ; ahdomen 
white tinged with yellow. Fore wing bright lemon-yellow, the 
ante- and postinedi;il areas tinged with pinkish ; subbasal line 
slight ; antemedial line red-brown, waved, obsolete towards inner 
margin; claviform white, formed by two confluent elliptical spots ; 
orbicular and reniform small, white defined by red-brown, the 
former elli])tical, the latter Avith its annulus broken up into spots, 
some ])inkish suffusion between them ; postraedial line doulde, the 
inner line very fine, slightly bent outwards below costa, erect to 
vein (5, then inwardly oblique, some Avhite points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line only defined by the contrast between the post- 
medial and terminal areas ; cilia piidcish. Hind wing white tinged 
with yellow; cilia pinkish ; the underside yellowish irrorated with 
pink. 

Hah. U.S.A., Washington, Pullman. E.xy. 30 millim. This 
species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in 
Coll. H. liird. 

*43S5. Papaipema latia. 

Hi/drcecla latia. Street. Lep. Rhup. & Ilet., Suppl. 2, p. (i (1891)); Dv:ir, 
'Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 177. 

Head reddish brown ; thorax rather paler ; abdomen paler. Fore 
wing yellow sufluscd with rufous, the postmedial area suffused with 
purplish brown ; antemedial line purplish, indistinct ; orbicular 
very small, round, white ; reniform white with a few rufous scales 
on it ; medial line dark, oblique from costa to median nervure, then 
inwardly oblique ; postmedial line dark pui'ple, very strong, oblique 
and straight from costa to inner margin ', siihterminal line sinuous ; 
terminal area with the veins streaked with purple. Hind wing 
Avliite tinged with reddish. 

IJah. U.S.A., Illinois, Chicago. E.vp. 40 millim. This species 
is unknown to me. 



4386. Papaipema purpurifascia. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 25.) 

Gortt/napiirpurifct.v'ia, Grote & Eob. Trans. Ain. Ent. Soc. i. p. 311, pi. 7. 
f. 51 (1868) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 176. 

2 . Head and thorax bright rufous mixed with yellow ; antennso 
with the basal joint pure white; tegulae tipped with yellowish; 
])atagia with the outer edge and tips and the tip of mctathoracic crest 
dark brown ; pectus and legs red-brown, the tarsi with faint whitish 
rings ; abdomen yellowish tinged with rufous, the crests brown. 
Fore wing yellow moi'e or less suffused with fiery rufous, the post- 
medial area purplish brown except at inner margin ; subbasal line 
ruious defined on eacli side by yellow, waved, from costa to vein 1, 
a yellow point beyond it in cell ; the antemedial area with some 



I'Al'AIPEJIA. ^^ 

purplish fuscous suffusion on costal half ; antemedial line indistinct, 
eloul)le, rufous, excurved in cell and bent outwards above inner 
margin ; claviforni represented by two white spots defined by black 
except on inner side, the lower elliptical, the upper small ; orbicular 
small, rounds white defined by black and with rufous spot in centre ; 
rcniforni yellow tinged with rufous, defined by black and rufous, 
its centre by rufous, with small white spots on inner edge above and 
helow and constricted at middle ; medial line rufous, sinuous, 
oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique ; 
postmedial line double, the inner line indistinct, rufous, the outer 
black and rather diffused except below costa, strongly bent outwards 
below costa, then oblique and the inner line slightly bent inwards 
to inner margin, some slight pale points beyond it on costa ; subter- 
minal line approximated to postmedial line, brown slightlj' defined 
hy yellowish on outer side and Avith yellow patch beyond it at 
apex, dentate, angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; 
a dark brown terminal line ; cilia ])urplish brown. Hind wing 
])ale jellow, the veins brownish ; a diffused brownish subteimintil 
line with dentate outer edge ; a fine brown terminal line ; the 
underside with the costal area tinged and irrorated with rufous, a 
slight brown discoidal bar, curved postmedial line, and faint diffused 
subterminal band. 

Hah. Canada, Ottawa (Gibson, Young), 4 $ ; U.S.A., Maine, 
Massachusetts, New York, E,ye (Bird), 1 5 5 Illinois, Colorado. 
Exp. 34-42 millim. 

Larva. Head shining reddish hrown. Body faintly purplish, 
translucent, cervical shield large with black sides, anal plate black ; 
tubercles black, iv. large, a rectangular dorsal shield on joint 13. 
Food-plants : Aijiiilegia and Lyslnuiclda quadrifoUa. — H. G. D. 

*4387. Papaipema anargyrea. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 20.) 

Gorti/na. anartjyred, Dyar, Can. Ent. xl. p. 79 (1908). 

o . Head, thorax, and abdomen yellowish suffused Avilh red. 
Fore wing yellow suffused and irrorated with red, the postmedial 
area purple, a yellowish subbasal ])atch on costal area traversed by 
the slight subbasal line ; antemedial line indistinct, brown, sinuous ; 
claviform pale yellow, elliptical, bisected by the streak insubmedian 
fold ; orbicular pale yellow defined by brown and with red point 
on its outer edge, small, round ; reniform with yellow centre sur- 
rounded, by small yellow spots; medial line brown, oblique from 
costa to median nervure, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line 
double, the outer line blackish and rather diffused, bent outwards 
below costa, then oblique ; subterminal line brown defined on outer 
side by yellow, dentate, angled outwards at veins 7, 6, 4, 3, 2 ; a 
tine terminal brown line. Hind wing yellowish white tinged with 
red ; a diffused brown subterminal band. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado. Exp. 3G millim. This species is 
unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in U.S. Nat. 
Mus, 



7S NOCTTJIDJi;. 

4388. Papaipema pterisii. (Plate CXXXVITI. fig. 27.) 

Papaipevia pterisii, Bird, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. 310 (1907). 
Gortyna triorthia, Dyar, Can. Ent. xl. p. 79 (1908). 

Head and thorax yellow mixed with bright rufous; tegulse with 
slight yellon' tips ; abdomen pale ochreous yellow, the crests 
brownish. Fore wing yellow suffused with bright rufous, the 
outer part of medial area rather yellower, the postmedial area 
purplish brown except at inner margin ; subbasal line double, red 
filled in with yellow, angled inwards in cell where there is a minute 
elongate yellow spot beyond it and ending at vein 1 ; antemedial 
line indistinct, double, red filled in with yellow, sinuous, bent out- 
wards above inner margin ; claviform and orbicular obliquely placed 
bar-shaped white spots defined by black ; reniform with yellow line 
in middle defined by red with white bar on its inner side con- 
stricted at middle and defined by black on inner side and four 
yellow spots on its outer edge ; a brown medial line sinuous and 
rather diffused from costa to median nervure, then oblique ; post- 
medial line dark brown, strongly bent outwards below costa, then 
oblique and shghtly incurved below vein 3, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; the veins of terminal area streaked with brown ; 
subterminal line only defined by the contrast between the post- 
medial and terminal areas, angled outwards at veins 7, 4, 3 and 
incurved at discal and submedian folds ; a dark brown terminal 
line ; cilia purple-brown. Hind wing pale yellow with diffused 
brownish subterminal band and fitie brown terminal line excei)t 
towards toruus ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with 
brown. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the upper part of claviform, orbicular, and 
points round reuiform yellow. 

Hah. Canada, Ottawa (Foimr/), 1 J , 1 $ ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, 
Xewtouville, 2 d , 1 $ , Xew York {Hagen), 1 $ , Eye {Bird), 1 $ 
cotype. Eaj:). 34-38 millim. 

4389. Papaipema rigida. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 28.) 

Gorfyna rigida, Grote, Can. Ent. ix. p. 87 (1877) ; id. Pupilio, ii. pi. i. 

ff. 3, 3a ; id. Illustr. Essay, p. 58, pi. ii. f. 24 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 

p. 176. 
S . Head and thorax pale yellow, mixed with some purplish 
rufous ; a purplish band behind the tegula? ; abdomen ochreous 
white. Fore wing pale yellow irrorated with rufous, some purplish 
suffusion before antemedial line on costal area and on terminal area 
except at apex, the veins slightly streaked with rufous ; subbasal 
line slight, rufous, curved, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line rufous, oblique, from costa to median nervure where it 
is acutely angled, then inwardly oblique and strongly bent outwards 
above inner margin ; claviform defined by rufous, figure-of-8-shaped, 
not touching antemedial line ; orbicular and reniform defined by 
rufous, the former small, rather elliptical, the latter with its outer 



PAPAIPEMA. 79 

part broken up into spots by the streaks on veins and double dis- 
coidal line; an oblique rufous line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line strong, red-brown, angled outwards below 
costa, then very oblique, straight ; an indistinct waved subter- 
miualline; a fine red-brown terminal line; cilia purplish mixed 
with red-brown. Hind wing ochreous white, the veins and terminal 
area slightly irrorated with red-brown ; a fine red-brown terminal 
line ; the underside Avith the costal area irrorated with red-brown, 
a slight discoidal point and indistinct carved postmedial lino, 

Ilab. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme {Fletcher)-^ U.S.A., Maine, 
Massachusetts, jS"ew York, Pennsylvania, 1 S type, Illinois. Exp. 
34 millim. 

4390. Papaipema duovata. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 29.) 

Hydroecia duovata, Bird, Can. Ent. xxxiv. p. 115 (1902); Dyar, Cat. Lep. 
N. Aiu. p. 176. 

Head and thorax ochreous mixed with purplish brown ; abdomen 
red-brown mixed with greyish ochreous. Fore wing yellow, thickly 
irrorated with dark brown and black to postmedial line, the 
terminal area suffused with pur2:)lish and irrorated with black ; 
subbasal lino red-brown defined on each side by yellow, waved, 
from costa to submedian fold, with a dark patch beyond it from 
below costa to vein 1 ; antemedial line slight, excurved from costa 
to submedian fold, incurved at vein 1 and bent outwards above 
inner margin, traversing the inner side of the claviform, which 
is white tinged with yellow on inner side and bisected by a dark 
streak in submedian fold; orbicular white defined by brown and 
with brown point in centre, round; reniform with ochreous line 
defined by brown in centre surrounded by small white spots defined 
by brown, the spot at middle of outer side tinged with oclireous ; a 
diffused dark medial shade, oblique from costa to lower angle of 
cell, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line double filled in with 
yellowish, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; a yellowish patch at apex with 
the dentate brown subterminal line arising from it, somewhat 
excurved at middle and defined by yellowish on outer side ; a ter- 
minal series of slight dark lunules ; cilia dark brown mixed with 
greyish and with slight brown line through them. Hind wing 
yellowish irrorated with brown ; traces of a fine postmedial line and 
diffused subterminal band ; a fine brown terminal line ; the underside 
ochreous white irrorated with brown, a dark discoidal point, curved 
postmedial line, traces of subterminal band and fine terminal line. 

Hah. U.S.A., New York, Kye (//. Bird), 2 6,1^ cotype 
Exj). 36-46 millim. 

Larva. Bird, Can. Ent. xxxii. p. 276 (rutila). 

Head reddish brown, the mouth blackish. Body translucent 
purplish with broad whitish dorsal and lateral lines ; shields pale 
brown, not contrasting ; tubercles very small, inconspicuous. Food- 
plant, Solidago sempervirens. — H. G. D. 



80 X0CTU1D."E. 

4391. Papaipema cataphracta. (Plato CXXXVIIT. fig. 30.) 

Gnrfyna cntapliracfa, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 81, pi. ii. f. 3 
(1864) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Ain. p. 176. 

Head and thorax dark brown mixed with grey-white; antennc'e 
with the basal joint whitish ; tegulse slightly edged with white 
behind; tarsi with slight pale rings; abdomen greyish ochreous 
suffused with reddish brown. Fore wing golden yellow irrorated 
with dark brown, the antemedial, postmedial, and the terminal area 
except a potch at apex dark greyish brown, the veins with dark 
streaks : a vcUow patch at base traversed by the faint waved sub- 
basal line from costa to submedian fold and with yellow spot 
beyond it in cell ; antemedial line double filled in with yellow, 
inwardly oblique and sinuous from costa to vein 1. then bent 
outwards above inner margin ; claviform represented by a double 
vellow spot defined by brown and bisected by a slight brown streak 
in submedian fold ; orbicular large, round, yellow defined by brown 
and with a few brown scales in centre ; renif or m large, with sinuous 
yellow line in centre defined by brown, surrounded by yellow 
spots divided by streaks on the veins ; a medial yellow shade 
from costa to median nervure, then an oblique line to inner 
margin ; postmedial line double filled in with yellow, bent out- 
wards below costa and obli(iue below vein 6, with slight yellow 
points beyond it on costa ; a faint minutely waved brown subter- 
minal line, incurved before the yellow apical patch, then with slight 
yellow marks on its outer edge ; a slight dark terminal line. Hind 
wing greyish suff'used with brown ; a diffu'^ed brown subterniinal 
band ; a fine brown terminal line : the underside whitish irrorated 
with red-brown, a faint discoidal lunule and diffused subterminal 
band. 

Hah. Canada (Norman) 1 $, Ottawa (Fletcher, Young), 4 d , 
Ontario, Orilla (BtisJi), 1 S ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York, 1 d , 
Eye (Bird), 1 c? , 1 $ , Colorado. Exj). 32-40 millim. 

Larva. Head reddish brown with a black stripe from ocelli to 
occiput. Body faintly purplish, translucent, with whitish dorsal 
and broader lateral stripes ; cervical shield and anal plate pale brown 
with black borders ; tubercles large, brown, two large contiguous 
shields on joint 13. Food-plants : Wild Parsnip, &c. — H. G. D. 

*43S2. Papaipema imperspiciia. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. 31.) 

Pcrpalpema invpcrs'picua, Bird, Can. Ent. xl. p. 29 (1908). 

Head and thorax purple-brown ; abdomen grej'-brown. Fore 
wing yellow-brown, the ante- and postmedial areas purple-brown ; 
subbasal line slight ; antemedial line double, sinuous, strongly 
excurved above inner margiii ; claviform and orbicular absent ; 
reniform ill-defined, purple-brown ; medial line oblique from costa 
to lower angle of cell, then slightly incurved ; postmedial line double, 
the inner line minutely lunulate, slightly bent outwards • below 
costa, oblique to vein 5, then incurved, some white points beyond 



PAPAIPEMA. 81 

it on costa ; subterminal line slight, yellowish, minutely waved ; a 
yellowish apical streak. Hind wing uniform fuscous brown. 

Hab. U.S.A., New Hampshire, Franconia, New York, Buffalo. 
Exp. 40 millim. This species is unknown to me ; figured from a 
drawing from type in Coll. H. Bird. 



*4393. Papaipema unimoda. (Plate CXXXVIII. fig. '.^2.) 

Hydracia unimoda, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 73 (1894) ; Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 176. 

(S . Head and thorax ochreous-brown tinged with rufous, the 
outer edge of patagia and metathorax with dark brown ; abdomen 
ochreous suffused with brown, the ventral sui'face red-brown. 
Fore wing ochreous-brown tinged with rufous and thickly irrorated 
with brown except on inner area to postmedial line ; traces of a 
Avaved brown subbasal line from costa to submedian fold ; anto- 
medial line indistinct, double, waved, oblique ; orbicular and reni- 
form brownish, very ill-defined ; a diffused curved brown medial 
shade ; postmedial line rather indistinct, double, bent outwards 
below costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal line 
represented by a series of small brownish lunules, slightly excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; a faint oblique pale mark from apex ; 
a fine brown terminal line ; cilia dark brown with fine pale line at 
base. Hind wing ochreous uniformly suffused and irrorated with 
l)rown ; cilia pale at base, brownish at tips ; the underside ochreous 
white irrorated with brown, a small dark discoidal spot and diffused 
curved postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, Durango in Coll. J. B. Smith. Exp. 
36 millim. 



4394. Papaipema aveme. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 1.) 

Gortyna aweme, Lyman, Can. Ent. xl. p. 254 (1908). 

(5 . Head and thorax rufous mixed with pinkish grey, the edges 
of patagia and the metathorax behind greyish fuscous; palpi 
blackish above; pectus and fore legs in front greyish brown; 
abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous. Fore wing ochreous-brown 
suffused with rufous and greyish ; the antemedial area except 
towards inner margin and the terminal area except at apex suffused 
with blackish brown ; subbasal line slight, waved, from costa to 
vein 1 ; antemedial line slight, waved, nearly erect ; claviform 
absent or with slight dark spot at extremity ; orbicular a small 
brown spot or moderately developed ; reniform brown defined by 
blackish, strongly constricted at middle ; a diffused black-brown 
medial line, oblique from costa to median nervure, then slightly 
incurved ; postmedial line black-brown, oblique from costa to vein G, 
then slightly incurved and with short dark streaks beyond it on the 
veins ; subterminal line almost obsolete towards costa, then formed 

VOL. IX. G 



82 NOCTUIDiE. 



of minute dark lunules, excurved at middle, the dark area beyond 
it cut off obliquely at apex. Hind wing; pale ochreous slightly 
tinged with rufous ; a fine rufous termiual line ; the underside 
pale yellow slightly tinged with rufous. 

Hab. Canada, Manitoba, Aweme (Fletcher), 1 ^J . Exp. 36 
millim. Type f in Coll. Fletcher. 



4395. Papaipema nelita. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 2.) 

Hydrcecia ndita, Streck. Lep. Ebop. & Het., Suppl. i. \>. 8 (1898) ; Djar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 176. 

5 . Head and thorax brown mixed with purplish grey ; tegulae 
slightly edged with white ; tarsi ringed with white : abdomen 
grey suftused with brown, the crests brown. Fore wing deep 
purple-brown irrorated with a few violaceous-white scales, the 
medial area goldeu-brown*; subbasal line represented by a slight 
brown striga from costa ; antemedial line indistinct, oblique, waved ; 
claviforrn represented hy a dark patch ; orbicular and rcniform daik, 
very indistinctly defined ; an oblique brown line from lower angle 
of cell to inner margin ; postniedial line fine, brown, beat outwards 
below costa, then minutely waved, excurved to vein 4, then in- 
curved and erect below vein 2, some white points beyond it on 
costa ; traces of a waved brown subterminal line excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; a fine dark terminal line ; cilia dark brown. 
Hind wing purplish grey uniformly suffused and irrorated with 
brown ; cilia brown, greyish at tips ; the underside grey-white 
irrorated with brown especially on costal area ; a slight discoidal 
lunule and faint diffused postmedial line. 

A.b. 1. Fore wing with the orbicular a yellowish point, the rcni- 
form a yellowish line surrounded by yellowish- white spots. 

Hah. U.S.A., New York, Eye {Bird), 1 $ , Illiuois, Chicago in 
Coll. J. B. Smith. Exp. 34 millim. 

Larva. Bird, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. 313. 

Semitranslucent whitish ; lines absent ; tubercles and spiracles 
blackish. Food-plants: Rudheckla laciniata and Arctium lappa. 



4396. Papaipema frigida. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 3.) 

Hydrcecia frigida. Smith, Trans. Am. Eut. Soc. xxvi. p. 30 (189'J) ; Dyar 

Cat. Lep. N. Ain. p. 176. 
Gortyna thalictri, Lyman, Can. Ent. xxxvii. p. 307 (1905). 
Gortyna perobsoleta, Lyman, C;in. Ent. xxxvii. p. 309 (1905). 

(thalictri.) Head and thorax deep bronze-brown mixed with grey- 
white, the tegulas tipped with grey-white ; tarsi ringed with white ; 
abdomen greyish suffused with brown. Fore wing with the area 
before the subbasal Hue, the medial and termiual areas deep golden- 
bronze, the antemedial, postmedial and terminal areas greyish 
purple ; subbasal line represented by a waved series of white points 



PAPAIPEMA. 83 

from costa to veiu 1, with small white spot bej-ond it in cell; 
aiitemedial line indistinct, double, angled outwards below costa, 
incurved in cell, oblique to vein 1 and bent outwards above inuer 
margin, some white scales on it in submedian interspace ; ciaviform 
represented by two obliquely placed round white spots; the orbicular 
a larger rounded white spot with yellow point on outer edge ; the 
reuiform with curved yellowish-white line in middle surrounded by 
small white spots ; medial line indistinct, dark, oblique from costa 
to median nervure, then erect and slightly waved ; postmedial line 
double with whitish spot at costa, bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely waved, oblique below vein 4, so-me white points beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line formed by a series of slight dark 
Uinules with some white scales on them from costa to vein 7, 
angled outwards at veins 7, 4, 3, then oblique ; a faint yellowish 
apical spot ; a fine dark terminal line. Hind wing greyish suifused 
with cupreous brown ; cilia with a fine broAvn line through them 
and whitish tips ; the underside grey irrorated with hrown, thickly 
on costal area, a dark discoidal spot and indistinct curved post- 
medial line. 

Ab. 1. fricfida. Fore wing without the white spots on the 
stigmata. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing with the terminal area not tinged with golden 
brown, the reniform less elongate. — New York. 

Hah. Canada, Montreal (Lyman), 1 S, Ottawa (Yoimg), 1 (j" , 
1 5 , Manitoba, Winnipeg ; U.S.A., JN"ew Hampshire, White Mts., 
]N"ew York, Rye (Bird), 1 c? , 2 $ . E.vp. 34-44 millim. Types t 
thalictri a.x\di perohsoleta in Coll. Lyman. 

Larva. Semitranslucent whitish, with pale reddish-brown seg- 
mental bands in early stages, disappeariug in the later stages ; 
tubercles small, black ; head and thoracic plate pale red-brown. 
Food-plant, Thalictrum. 



4397. Papaipema cerussata. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 4.) 

Gortyna cerussata, Gi-ote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. ii. p. 431, pi. ix. f. 1 (1864) ; 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 178. 

Head and thorax very dark red-brown mixed with some greyish 
ochreous ; antennae with the basal joint white; teguhe edged with 
white behind ; abdomen dark reddish brown mixed with greyish 
ochreous, the crests dark at tips. Fore wing very dark purple- 
brown, the medial area red irrorated with yellow towards inner 
margin, the postmedial and terminal areas with a greyish gloss ; a 
small white spot at base ; subbasal white spots in and below cell, 
followed by two small spots in cell, then a single spot ; autemedial 
line indistinct, sinuous, bent outwards above inner margin, defined 
slightly by rufous on inner side from cell to inner margin ; ciavi- 
form represented by two obliquely placed white spots, the upper 
smaller ; orbicular Avhite, rather triangular ; reniform narrow, 
oblique, with pale yellow line in centre deKned bv brown surrounded 

g2 



84 



KOCTUIDiE. 



by small white spots except at middle of inner side ; an indistinct 
oblique dark line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; post- 
medial li)ie indistinct, double, dark with whitish point at costa and 
tilled in with rufous towards inner margin, bent outwards below 
costa, then minutel}^ waved, excurved to vein 4, then incurved to 
lower edge of reniform, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line indistinct, rufous defined on inner side by dark 
brown and with more prominent rufous point below costa, slightly 
waved, excurved below vein 7 and at middle and bent outwards to 
tornus ; a fine blackish terminal line ; cilia with a faint dark line 
near base. Hind wing greyish suffused with brown with a cupreous 
gloss ; a slight dark terminal line ; cilia with a fine greyish line at 
base ; the underside whitish suffused and irrorated with brown, 
especially on costal and terminal areas, a slight dark discoidal 
bar and diffused curved postmedial line. 

Eah. U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York, Eye {Bird), 1 c? , 3 2 . 
Fxp. 46-54 millim. 

Larva. Head reddish brown. Body purplish, translucent ; cervical 
shield brown with blackish sides; anal plate dark brown, rough; 
tubercles small dorsally, larger about the spiracles, the four dorsal 
ones on joint 12 large, nearly touching ; a large roughened shield 
on joint 13. I'ood-plant, Vernonia noveboracencis. — H. G. D. 



439y. Papaipema sciata. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 5.) 

Hydroecia limpida, Bird, Can. Ent. xxxiii. p. 64 (1901), nee GutMi. 
Fapaifcma sciata.. Bird, Can. Ent. xl. p. 28 (1908). 

Head and thorax purplish grey slightly mixed with brown ; 
antennae whitish ; tcgula) tipped with white ; abdomen pale grey 
slightly mixed with browMi, the crests darker. Eore wing purple- 
grey, the inner medial area red ; a white point at base ; subbasal 
line indistinct, bronze-brown, from costa to submedian fold; ante- 
medial line indistinct, double filled in with bronze-brown, sinuous, 
strongly bent outwards above inner margin ; claviform represented 
by two obliquely placed rounded yellowish white spots, the upper 
with some bronze scales in centre ; orbicular yellowish-white with 
some brown scales in centre, rounded ; reniform a narrow yellowish- 
white lunule defined by brown scales, with white bar on its inner 
side, constricted at middle and with five white spots on its outer, side 
and below ; an indistinct oblique dark line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct, double, with whitish spot 
at costa, bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved, ex- 
curved to vein 4, then incurved ; the veins of terminal area with 
dark streaks ; subterminal line slight, yellowish defined on inner 
side by fuscous, miuutely dentate, angled outwards at vein 7 and 
excurved at middle ; a dark terminal line. Hind wing grey with 
fine dark terminal line ; the underside w'hitish suffused and irrorated 
with grey, a rather difiused curved dark postmedial line. 



P.VPAIPEMA. 85 

ILih. U.S.A., New York, 1 5, Eye {Blnl\ I SA 2 col.vpe. 
Exp. 40-42 millim. 

Larva. Pale purplish red ; dorsal, subdorsal, and lateral lines 
indistinct, pale ochreous ; tubercles and thoracic plates indistinct, 
brownish. Food-plant, Veronica virghiica. 



4399. Papaipema limpida. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 6.) 

Gortyna limpida, Gruen. Noct. i. p. 124 (1852) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 
, p. 178. 
Gortyna mrata, Lyman, Can. Ent. xxxiii. p. .319 (1901). 

Head and thorax dark reddish brown mixed with grey ; antennre 
with the basal joint and base of shaft white ; tarsi ringed witli 
white ; abdomen greyish suffused with reddish brown. Fore wing 
dark reddish brown irrorated with grey ; traces of an anteraedial 
line bent outwards above inner margin ; claviform represented by 
two rounded white spots defined by black-brown and divided by a 
brown streak in submedian fold ; orbicular small, round, white 
defined by black-brown ; reuiform narrow with yellowish-white 
line in centre defined by brown scales with white spot above it, 
three white spots below it and a yellowish-white spot on outer edge ; 
an indistinct rather diffused oblique dark line from lower angle of 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct, double, dark with 
whitish mark at costa, bent outwards below costa, then minutely 
waved, excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some slight white points 
beyond it on costa ; faint traces of a dark subterminal line ex- 
curved below vein 7 and at middle ; a slight dark terminal line ; cilia 
with slight white points at base. Hind wing grey suffused with 
brown, the veins brown ; a slight brown terminal line and faint 
line at base of cilia from apex to vein 2 ; the underside whitish 
irrorated with brown especially on costal area, a sinuous brown 
postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. cerata. Fore wing without the white spots on the 
stigmata. 

JJab. Canada, Montreal (Lyman), 1 $ ; U.S.A., Eastern and 
Middle States, Massachusetts, New York, Illinois (Douhleday), 1 <S , 
2 2 type. Exj). S 34, § 40 millim. 

Larva. Lyman, Can. Ent. xl. p. 252. 

Purplish brown Avith dorsal and subdorsal cream-coloured or 
whitish strii)es, continuous, the 1st four abdominal segments rather 
darker ; warts dark ; head yellowish brown with purplish-brown 
streak at sides ; thoracic and anal shields yellow, the former purple- 
l)rown at sides. Food-plants : Arctium lajypa and Burdock, boring 
in the stems. 



4400. Papaipema nebris. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 7.) 

Gorfyna nehris, Guen. Noct. i. p. 124 (1852). 

Gortyna nitdu, Gnen. Noct. i. p. 12-4 (1852) ; Eiley, Am. Ent. i. p. 



86 NOCTTJID^, 

f. 11 ; L« Laron, orcl Rept. Ins. 111. p. 141, ff. 1, 2; Pcack. 9tli Ann. 
Rept. Geol. Siirv. p. 719, pi. 65. f. 6; Saund. Fruit Insects, p. 334, 
ff. 347-8 ; Lint. 1st Rept." New York State Ent. p. 110, f. 26; Siuitli, 
Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 178, 

Head and thorax reddish brown mixed with grey-white ; vertex 
of head -whitish ; antennfe with the shaft whitish towards base ; 
tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen yellowish white suffused with 
reddish brown, the crests darker. Fore wing olive-brown tinged 
with grey, the postmedial area somewhat paler ; antemedial line 
indistinct, brown defined slightly by whitish on iTiner side, some- 
what angled outwards below costa, incurved in cell and bent out- 
wards above inner margin ; claviform represented by two small 
Avhite spots defined by brown ; orbicular small, conical, white 
defined by brown and with brown point in centre ; reniforin a 
small white lunule defined by brown with white spot above it and 
three white points below it; postmedial line slight, brown defined 
on outer side by whitish, slightly bent outwards below costa, oblique 
and slightly sinuous below vein 4, some white points beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line represented by a series of slight white 
marks defined on inner side by small dentate brown marks, ex- 
curved below vein 7 and at middle and bent outwards to tornus ; 
a slight brown terminal line ; cilia brown with slight pale line at 
base. Hind wing pale grey-brown with a reddish tinge ; cilia with 
a slight pale line at base ; the underside w^hitish tinged and irro- 
rated with browu especially on apical half of terminal area, a slight 
discoidal point. 

Ab. 1. nitela. Pore wing with the claviform, orbicular, and reni- 
form obscure without white spots. 

Hah. Canada; U. 8. A., South to Georgia and West to Ptocky Mts., 
Massachusetts, Cambridge {Burgess), 1 $, New York (Packard), 
2 S -, liye (Bird), 1 cJ , 1 $, Hlinois {Douhledaij), 4 d" , 1 $ , type 
and type nitela, Algon, 1 J • Exp. 38-42 millim. 

Larva. Head light brown with a curved black stripe on each side 
from ocelli to occiput. Body sordid whitish, shaded with purplish 
in the middle ; dorsal and subdorsal diffused whitish lines, lost 
centrally in the purplish shade : cervical shield and anal plate 
large, brown with black sides ; tubercles black, a large brown area 
around iv. ; thoracic feet black. Food-plant'^ : stems of various 
plants, Ambrosia irifida. Burdock, &c. — H. G. D. 



4401. Papaipema duplicata. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 8.) 

Papaipema duplicatus, Bird, Can. Eiit. xl. p. 25 (1908). 

5 . Head and thorax deep bronze-brown, the scales tipped with 
grey-white ; abdomen greyer mixed wnth brown. Fore wing deep 
bronze-brown irrorated with white, some purple-grej^ saffusiun 
beyond postmedial line ; antemedial line indistinct, double, obsolete 
towards costa, incurved from cell to vein 1 and bent outwards 
above inner margin ; orbicular a faint round dark spot ; reniform a 



PAPAIPEMA. 87 

faint dark bar with slight pale line in middle ; traces of an oblique 
dark line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line double, bent outwards below costa and oblique below vein 5 ; 
subterminal line represented by a series of slight yellowish-white 
luuules, soni6what angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at 
middle. Hind wing greyish suffused and irrorated with cupreous 
brown ; the underside whitish slightly irrorated with brown, thickly 
on costal area, a slight discoidal spot and indistinct rather diffused 
curved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the postmedial and subterminal lines 
obsolescent. 

Hab. U.S.A., New York, Eye {Bird), 3 $ . Exp. 46 millim. 

Larva. Dull semihyaline whitish, dorsal line continuous ; head 
chestnut-brown. Food-plant, ColUnsonia canadetisis : the larva 
entering the stem a few inches above the ground and boring down 
into the woody root-stock, where a cell is formed. 



4402. Papaipema naaritima. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 9.) 

Papaipema maritima. Bird, Can. Eut. xli. p. 59 (1909). 

Head and thorax red-brown, the scales tipped with white ; 
abdomen ochreous white mixed with red-brown. Fore wing 
cupreous red-brown irrorated with purplish white ; a very in- 
distinct oblique waved brown antemedial line ; postmedial line 
indistinct, brown slightly defined by white on outer side, oblique 
from below costa to vein 6, then inwardly oblique. Hind wing- 
white suffused and irrorated with reddish brown ; the underside 
witli rather diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hub. U.S.A., New York, %e {Bird), 1 J , 3 § cotypes. 
Eap. 46 millim. 

Larva. Food-plant, HeUanthus giyanteas. 



4403. Papaipema eupatorii. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 10.) 

Gortyna eupatorii, Lyman, Can. Ent. xxxvii. p. 312 (1905). 

S . Head and thorax deep bronze-brown, the scales tipped with 
grey-white ; abdomen greyer mixed with brown. Fore wing deep 
bronze-brown mixed with purplish grey, the area beyond the post- 
medial line tinged with purple to near termen ; antemedial line 
indistinct, dark, incurved, from cell to inner margin ; claviform a 
faint dark maik ; orbicular an indistinct round dark spot ; reniform 
faintly defined by dark brown ; an oblique dark line from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line indistinct and defined 
by whitish on outer side, sHglitly bent outwards below costa, then 
oblique ; subterminal line formed by white scales defined on inner 
side by slight dark marks, excurved below vein 7 and at middle 
and angled inwards at discal fold and vein 2 ; cilia with a brown 



88 noctuidj:. 

line through them. Hind wing greyish suffused Tvith cupreous 
brown, the cilia rather paler with a brown line through them ; the 
underside whitish irrorated with brown especially on costal and 
terminal areas, a slight discoidal bar and diffused oblique post- 
medial line. 

Hah. Canada, Montreal, Quebec ; U.S.A., Pennsylvania, New 
Brighton {Bird), 1 S • Exp. 42 millim. 

Larva. Bird, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. 312. 

Pale sienna-broAvn ; dorsal, subdorsal, and lateral lines broad, 
cream-coloured, absent on 1st four abdominal somites ; tubercles 
weak ; head yellow. Eood-plant, Eapatoriimi. 



4404. Papaipema necopina. (Plate CXXXIX, fig. 11.) 

Gorfyna necopina, Grote, Can. Ent. riii. p. 2.") (1876) ; Sraitb, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 179. 

Head and thorax reddish brown irrorated with grey-white ; 
antcnnte with the bnsal joint white, the shaft ringed with white ; 
abdomen ochreous white suffused with reddish brown. Fore wing 
reddish brown thickly irrorated with grej'-white and without trace 
of markings. Hind wing whitish thickly irrorated with jiale 
reddish brown especially on terminal area; cilia white mixed witli 
reddish brown ; the underside white irrorated with reddish brown 
especially on costal and terminal areas. 

Hah. U.S.A., Xew York, Buff"alo, 1 c? , 1 ? type. Exp. S 3(3, 
5 48 millim. 

Food-plant, HeliantJius tuberosus. 



4405. Papaipema imperturbata. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 12.) 

Papaipema impertur'bata, Bii-d, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. 274 (1907). 

2 . Head and thorax dark brown largely mixed with grey- 
white ; abdomen grey thickly irrorated with brown. Fore -sving 
deep bronze-broAvn thickly irrorated with white and without trace 
of markings. Hind wing whitish irrorated with brown ; a fine 
terminal brown line from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the 
costal area thickly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. U.S.A., Pennsylvania, Xew Brighton (Bird), 1 2 cofypc. 
Exp. '32 millim. 

Larva. Pale sienna-brown ; lines broad, straw-coloured, the 
dorsal line uninterrupted, the others interrupted on somites 3 to 7 ; 
tubercles minute ; spiracles and legs black head shining reddish. 
Food-^plant, Helianthus divaricatus. 



OGDCCONTA. 89 



Genus OGDOCONTA. 

Type. 
Ogdoconta, Biitl. A.M.N. H. (6) vii. p. 462 (1891) cinereola. 

Proboscis fully de\eloped ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
vertex of head and moderately iringed with scales in front, the 3rd moderate ; 
f rons smooth ; ej'es large, i-ouiid ; antenuse of male ciliated ; thorax clothed 
cliiefly with scales, tlie prothorax with long oblique flattened crest, the meta- 
thorax with spreading crest ; tibia; moderately fringed with liair ; abdomen 
with dorsal crests on 1st two segments. Fore wing with the apex rectangular, 
the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near 
angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form 
the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing witli veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 
5 obsolescent from well below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from ujjper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with oblique white baud from apex to inner 

margin beyond middle mufcula. 

E. Fore wiug without oblique white band from apex to inner 
margin. 
a. Fore wing with the postmedial line bent outwards 
below costa, then oblique and nearly straight. 
«'. Fore wing with distinct whitish aimulus to reniform 
constricted at middle. 
or. Fore wing with the medial area black-brown and 
much darker than the postmedial area, the post- 
medial line obscjlescent , carncola. 

h'^. Fore wing with the medial area red-brown, the 
postmedial area pinkish, the postmedial line 

distinct ; cinereola. 

h^. Fore wing with the reniform an ill-defined pale 

lunule morcno. 

h. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved at middle 
and oblique below vein 4. 
«'. Fore wing with the reniform angled inwards on 

median nervure to below orbicular facnn. 

i'. Fore wing with the reniform constricted at middle, 

but not angled inwards on median nervure lilacina. 

c\ Fore wing with the reniform elliptical cijmoijraijJui. 



*4406. Ogdoconta muscula. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 13.) 

Tlagiomimicus muscidus, Schaus, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. vi. p. 144 (1898). 

(S . Head and thorax grey irrorated with dark brown ; abdomen 
giey mixed with brown, the anal tuft ochreous. Fore \Aing grey- 
white tinged in places with ochreous and very thickly irrorated 
with dark brown ; an indistinct antemedial grey line obtusely angled 
on median nervure, then oblique ; a straight oblique white band 
from apex to inner margin beyond middle, towards which it is 
broader and diffused on outer side and with traces of a line beyond 
it. Hind wing white slightly irrorated with brown, especially 
towards apex and termen ; the underside Avith the costal area 
except towards base and apical area irrorated with dark brown. 

JJcih. Mexico, Oaxaca, type t c? in Coll. U.S. Nat. JUus. 
E.i-^J. 30 millira. 



90 NOCTTTIDyE. 



*4407. Ogdoconta carneola. 

Telcsilla carneola. Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xviii. p. 110 (1891) ; id. 
Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 246. 

Head and thorax gre}^ tinged with flesh-colour or purplish ; 
abdomen grey. Fore wing purplish red irrorated .with grey, the 
medial area suffused with blackish brown ; subbasal line very 
indistinct, formed of wliite scales; antemedial line fine, grey, 
slightly excurved ; orbicular aud reniform with grey annuli, the 
former small, round, the latter somewhat constricted at middle ; 
postmedial line hardly defined except by the contrast between the 
medial and postmedial areas, with slight dai'k streaks on the veins 
ending m white points ; terminal area suffused with brown ; sub- 
terminal line hardly traceable, interrupted, irregular ; cilia dark, 
M'ith a grey line at middle. Hind wing yellowish tinged with 
fuscous at base, darker towards termen : cilia with a pale line at 
base ; the underside pale at base, a small dark discoidal spot and 
broad postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., New Mexico, Las Vegas. Exp. 25 millira. This 
species is unknown to me. 



4408. Ogdoconta cinereola. 

Placodes civereola, Gnen. Noct. it. p. 316, pi. IH. f. 1 (1852); Herr.- 
Schfiff. Aussereur. Schmett. p. 68, f. 215 ; Smith, Cat. Koct. N. Am. p. 2i5 
Miana afomaria, Wlk. xxxii. 675 (1865). 

Head and thorax rufous mixed with white, the prothoraoic crest 
brown tii)ped with white; palpi blackish with some white scales; 
pectus and legs whitish mixed with fuscous ; abdomen whitish 
tinged with rufous and irrorated with brown, the crests darker. 
Fore wing whitish suffused with rufous and slightly irrorated with 




Fig. 22. — Ogdoconta cmer cola, (J. \. 

brown, the costal half of basal area, the medial area and termen 
suffused with red-brown ; subbasal line slight, white, curved, from 
costa to median uervure ; antemedial lino white, slightly angled 
outwards below costa, excurved in submedian interspace ; orbicular 
and reniform with white annuli, the former oblique elliptical, 
touching antemedial line, the latter figure-of-8-shaped : postmedial 
line double filled in with white, strongly bent outwards below 



OGBOCONTA. 91 

costa, oblique and sinuous below vein 5, some white ])oints bej-ond 
it on costa ; subterminal line whitish defined on inner side by brown, 
angled outwards at vein 7 and cxciii vcd at middle ; a fine waved 
while line just before termen. Hind wing white tinged and irro- 
rated with -pd,]e rufous ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia while 
with a faint brown line through them ; the underside white irro- 
rated with brown, the costal and terminal areas tinged with rufous, 
a faint diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hub. Canada ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, Beverley {Burg), 3 S , 
'New York (Doubleday, PacJcard), 8 c? , 3 5 type, Evans Center 
{Grote), 1 c? , Delaware, Illinois, Virginia ('SfMf/fZer), 1 5, Alabama, 
1 5, Minnesota, Nebraska, Texas. Exp. 28-32 millim. 

Larva. Coquillet, N. Am. Ent. i. p. .52. 

Green, subdorsal area paler ; dorsal and subbasal lii:es whitish, 
the subdorsal area with a series of whitish points ; stigraatal stri])e 
white; venti'al surface deep green; head smooth, green with a 
wliitish stripe at sides and inverted Y-shaped white mark ou 
Irons. 

*4409. Ogdoconta rnoreno. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 14.) 

Ogdoconta moreno, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. 9() (1907). 

Head and thorax whitish mixed with olive-brown ; abdomen 
whitish tinged with brown. Fore wing whitish suffused with pale 
olive ; subbasal line represented by a slight striga from costa ; ante- 
medial line dark defined by whitish on inner side, almost erect and 
hardly curved ; orbicular and reniform represented by very ill-defined 
pale marks ; postmedial line dark defined by whitish on outer side, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then oblique and nearly straight ; 
subterminal line pale, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a 
terminal series of slight dark lunules ; cilia pale. Hind wing 
whitish tinged with brown especially towards termen ; the under- 
side whitish, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, a 
distinct postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Babaquivera, Huachuca and Chiricahua 
Mts. E.vp. 30 millim. This species is unknown to me ; figured 
from a drawing from type in Coll. W. Barnes. 



4410. Ogdoconta tacna. (Blate CXXXIX. fig. 15.) 

Caradrina tacna, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxsvi. p. J 67 (1904). 

ci' . Head and thorax brown mixed with white ; tarsi brown ringed 
with white ; abdomen ochreous white suffused with brown. Fore 
wing reddish brown irrorated with white ; subbasal line slight, 
w hite, curved, from costa to median nervure ; antemedial line 
indistinct, double filled in with whitish, minutely waved towards 
costa and angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular and reniform defined 
by white, the former oblique, acute at lower extremity, the latter 



92 



N0CTUID.T5. 



qonstricteJ at middle and angled inwards on median nervure to 
lower edge of reniform ; postmedial line brown defined by whitish 
on outer side and with slight dark points beyond it on the veins, 
bent outwards below costa, slightly incurved at discal fold and 
oblique below vein 4, some white points beyond it on costa ; sub- 
tcrmmal line tine, white, minutely waved, angled outwards at 
vein 7 and cycurved at middle ; a terminal series of dark lunulcs 
defined on inner side by a fine waved white line. Hind wing 
wliitish suffused with })rown especially on apical area; a brown 
terminal line ; the underside whitish, the costal area and terminal 
urea to vein 2 irrorated with brown. 

llah. U.S.A., Texas, Shovel Mts., 1 S cotype. Exp. 28 millim. 

4411. Ogdoconta lilacina. 

Celrena lUacina, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 512; id. Biol. Centr.-Am., Hot. 
ii. p. 478, pi. 93. f. 14. 

S . Head and thorax cupreous red-brown mixed with violaceous 
grey ; pectus and legs whitish, the tarsi brown ringed with white ; 
abdomen fuscous, the genital tufts pale ochi'eous, the ventral surface 
irrorated with white. Fore wing cupreous red-brown irrorated 
and in parts suffused with violaceous grey especially on postmedial 
area ; subbasal line represented by some violaceous suffusion below 
costa and cell; antemedial line violaceous, diffused, oblicpie, sinuous ; 
orbicular hardly traceable and confluent with the antemedial line ; 
reniform defiiied by violaceous and with some violaceous irro- 
ration in centre, constricted at middle ; postmedial line indistinct, 
violaceous, bent outwards below costa, slightly incurved at discal 
fold, incurved below vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line violaceous defined on inner side by brown 
suffusion, excurved below vein 7 and at middle; a series of slight 
violaceous lunules just before terraen ; q fine pale line at base of 
cilia. Hind wing greyish brown ; cilia brown, pale ochreous at 
base and with wliitish tips ; the underside whitish irrorated with 
brown, a slight broAvn discoidal spot. 

Hah. Panam.\, Chiriqui {Chtvtpion), 1 (S tj'pc, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exjp. i^O millim. 

4412. Ogdoconta cymographa, n. sp. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 16.) 

CelcEiia lilacina, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 478 (part.). 

J . Head and thorax cupreous red-brown mixed with violaceous 
grey ; pectus and legs oclireous white mixed with some brown, the 
tarsi brown ringed with white; abdomen grey suffused with 
reddish brown, the ventral surface whitish irrorated with brown. 
Pore wing cupreous red-brown irrorated and suffused with viola- 
ceous grey excei)t on terminal area; antemedial line red-brown 
defined by whitish on inner side, Avaved, inwardly obli(]ue from 



OGDOCOXTA. — GERODA. 93 

cell to inner margin ; orbicular faintly defined hy brown, round, 
confluent with antemcdial line; reniform faintly defined by brown, 
clliptieal, with whitish patch on its outer edge ; an indistinct 
brown medial line, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell across 
lower ])ai't of reniform, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line 
brown defined by whitish on outer side, bent outwards below costa, 
then minutely dentate, slightly incurved at discal fold, then oblique, 
some whitish points beyond it on costa ; subtermiual line repre- 
sented by whitish scales slightly defined on inner side by red-brown, 
somewhat waved '-, a series of slight whitish lunules just before 
termen. Hind wing whitish suffused and irrorated with cupreous 
brown, the cilia paler; the underside white slightly irrorated with 
brown. 

Hah. Mkxico, Vera Cruz, Atoyac {Schumaan), 1 J type, Godman- 
Salvin Coll. Exjj. 26 millim. 



Genus GERODA. 

Tvpe. 
Gcroda,Wlk. xix. 832 (1859) xcneasalis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi uptumied, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
vertex of head and moderately scaled, the 3rcl short ; froiis smooth ; eyes 
large, round ; antennae of male minutely serrate and ciliated ; thorax clothed 
almost entirely with scales, the protliorax with long flattened crest projecting 
obliquely backwards, the metathorax with spreading crest; tibise nujderately 
fringed with hair; buikl slender; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. 
Fore wing with the costa strongly arched at base, the apex ]irodiiced and 
acute, the termen excised below apex and more or less excurved at middle, 
then oblique to tornus ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; (i from upper 
angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of disco- 
cellulars; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the reniform a narrow white lunule .angled 

inwards on median nervure cornifcra. 

E. Fore wing with the reniform with complete white annulus. cxcisa. 

C Fore wing with the reniform fi§iire-of-8-shaped, its 

lower part with white annulus, its upper part incomplete. Icticoci/cla. 

D. Fore wing with the reniform yeliow, its lower jjart with 

rufous s))ot and white annulus xcnctimlis. 



4413. Geroda cornifera. 

Deva cornifera, Wlk. xxxiii. 8i9 (18G5). 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen rufous ; pectus whitish. Fore 
wing rufous ; a black subbasal point in cell ; a strongly waved 
antemedial dark line, angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular repre- 
sented by a black point ; reniform white slightly defined by black, 
very narrow, produced to a long excurved point above and angled 
inwards on median nervure ; medial line rather indistinct, excurved 
from costa to discal fold beyond the cell, then incurved to lower 
angle of cell and oblique to inner margin ; postmedial line fine, 



94 NOCTTJin.TE. 

dark, dentate and produced to black points on the veins, excurved 
from costa to vein 4, then incurved, an oblique white bar beyond 
it from costa ; cilia tipped with white except at apex and middle. 
Hind wing pale red with slight dark terminal line ; cilia yellow; 





Fig. 23. — Geroda curnifcra, (J. \. 

the underside whitish tinged and irrorated with red, a black dis- 
coidal lunule, curved dentate postmedial line, and terminal series 
of striae from apex to vein 4. 

Hab. ignotus (? Brazil), 1 d' type. Exj). 34 millira. 

*4414. Geroda excisa. (Plate CXXXIX. fig, 17.) 

Macapta excim, D. Jones, Trans. Eut. See. 1908, p. 159. 

S . Head and thorax bright rufous, some of the scales tipped 
with white, pectus and legs with grey mixed ; abdomen grey mixed 
with brown. Eore wing wdth the termen slightly excurved at 
middle ; rufous tinged with grey especially on costal area and 
slightly irrorated with fuscous, the costa with series of minute 
white streaks ; a subbasal white point in cell ; antemedial line 
fuscous, oblique, very slightly waved, bent inwards to inner 
margin ; claviform and orbicular absent ; reniform small with red- 
brown centre and white annulus slightly defined by blackish ; post- 
medial line fuscous, very minutely waved, oblique from costa to 
vein 7, excurved to vein 5, then incurved, a series of black points 
beyond it on the veins ; an indistinct dark subterminal line diffused 
on inner side, incurved below vein 3. Hind wing fuscous brown, 
the costal area whitish to beyond middle ; cilia Avhite ; the 
underside whitish suft'used with rufous and irrorated with fuscous 
except on inner area, a slight dark discoidal spot and postmedial 
dentate line produced to black points on the veins. 

Hah. Brazil, I^ahia in ]\[us. Oxon., Sao Paulo, type f in Coll. 
D. Jones. Exp. 24 millim. 

*4415. Geroda leucocycla. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 18.) 
Geroda leucocycla, Druce, A. M. N. H. (8) iii. p. 460 (1909). 
$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen bright rufous ; tarsi ringed with 



GKRODA. 95 

white. Fore wing greyish suii'used with bright rufous, the outer 
jjart of medial area aud the terminal area with a faint fuscous 
tinge, a white point at base of cell; subbasal line represented by a 
white striga from costa and point on median nerviire, a white point 
beyond it in cell ; antemedial line blackish defined on inner side by 
white, minutely waved and obliquely curved ; orbicular absent ; 
reniform figure-of-8-shaped, white defined by blackish, its ujjper 
part almost obsolete ; postmedial line dark, defined on outer side 
by rufous and by whitish at costa and inner margin, oblique from 
costa to vein 6, then dentate, incurved below vein 4, a series of 
black and white points beyond it on the veins and some white 
points on costa ; subtermiual line absent ; a terminal series of 
white points ; a fine whitish line at base of cilia. Hind wing 
fuscous brown with a cupreous gloss ; cilia rufous and brown with 
a whitish line at base ; the underside greyish suffused with rufous 
and slightly irrorated with white, a black discoidal striga, a double 
postmedial series of small black spots, excurved to vein 2, then 
oblique and single. 

Bab. Colombia, Minca (H. II. Smith), type t $ in Coll. Druce, 
E.vp. 28 millim. 



4416. Geroda xeneusalis. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 19.) 
Geroda xeneusalis, Wlk. xix. 833 (1859). 

2 . Head and thorax rufous mixed with greyish ; tarsi with ])ale 
rings ; abdomen grey irrorated with red-brown. Fore wing with 
the termen strongly excurved at middle ; rufous mixed with some 
grey and slightly irrorated with fuscous, the veins greyish ; a 
yellowish tinge below base of cell ; antemedial line indistinct, 
curved, waved ; orbicular absent ; reniform golden yellow, its 
lower part with rufous spot in centre and white annulus defined by 
black ; postmedial line indistinct, slightly bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely dentate, and with series of black points 
beyond it on the veins, excurved to vein 5, then oblique; an indis- 
tinct diffused yellowish subterminal band ; a fine dark terminal 
line ; cilia tipped with white except at middle. Hind wing greyish, 
almost entirely suffused with fuscous brown and with a faint 
reddish tinge, the costal area pale to beyond middle ; cilia yellowish 
at tips ; the underside whitish thickly irrorated with rufous, a 
slight dark discoidal spot and curved dentate postmedial line 
produced to black points on the veins. 

cT, Fore wing with the reniform filled in with rufous. 
ffab. Brazil, Eio Janeiro, type t c? in Mus. Oxon., Organ Mts., 
Tijuca (Wagner), 1 $ . Ex^i. 30 millim. 



06 



KOCTUIDJi:. 



Genus MACAPTA. „ 

Type. 

MaJcapta, Scliaus, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mas. xxx. p. 99 (1906) carnescens. 

Kohlera, Schaus, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxx. p. 99 (1906) nebula. 

Proboscis fully developer! ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching vertex 
of head and moderately scaled, the 3rd typically long ; Irons smooth ; eyes 
large, romided ; tegulaj produced to a alight dorsal ridge ; thorax clothed 
chiefly with scales, the prothorax with very long oblique flattened crest, the 
nietathorax with slight crest; tibiaj moderately fringed with hair; abdonieu 
with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced 
and acute, the termen evenly curved and not creuulate ; veins 3 and 5 from 
near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole : 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell; 5 obsolescent, from just below middle of disoocellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



Skct. I. Antennje of male bipectinate with rather long branches. 

A. Palpi upturned, the 3rd joint short. 

a. Fore wing with the postmedial line double hruma. 

b. Fore wing with the postmedial line single psectrocera. 



4417. Macapta bruma. 

Kohleria bruma, Schaus, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxx. p. 100 (1906). 

Head and thorax bright rufous, tlie scales tipped with white ; 
abdomen whitish tinged with brown. Fore wing greyish irrorated 
and sutfused with rufouSj the basal half and terminal area rather more 
rurous ; an indistinct rufous subbasal line from costa to submedian 




Fig. 24. — Macajyta bruma, (J. 



fold ; antemcdial line double, incurved from costa to median nervure 
and excurved in subniedian interspace ; orbicular and reniform 
round, grey defined by rufous and with slight rufous centres ; a 
diffused rufous medial line excurved from costa to median nervure, 
then oblique ; postmedial line double, bent outwards below costa, 
slightljf incurved at discal fold, incurved below vein 4, some grey 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line rufous, minutely waved 
and rather diffused, oblique below vein 7 ; a fine rufous terminal 
line with indistinct greyish lunules before it. Hind wing pale 
suffused and irrorated with pale reddish brown ; a fine brown 
terminal line ; cilia whitish, the underside whitish irrorated with 



MACAPTA. 97 

rufous, a dark discoidal point aud indistinct sinuous postmedial 
line. 

Hah. Brazil, Rio Janeiro {E. Wilson), 1 S , Castro Parana. 
Ex2i. 30 millim. 

4418, Macapta psectrocera, n. sp. (Plato CXXXIX. fig. 20.) 

S . Head and tegulse yellow mixed with fiery red ; palpi brown, 
whitish at tips ; shaft of autennte white ringed with brown ; thorax 
red-brown with the vertex whitish ; pectus, legs, and abdomen 
whitish irrorated with brown. Pore wing greyish almost wholly 
sufi"used with deep cupreous brown, the postmedial area rather 
paler ; traces of a waved brown subbasal line from costa to vein 1 ; 
antemedial line indistinctly double, fiiled in with greyish, waved 
and somewhat oblique ; orbicular with faint whitish annulus, 
somewhat elongate elliptical ; reniform faint, greyish, slightly defined 
by brown on inner side ; a rather diffused incurved red-brown line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line red-brown 
slightly defined on each side by whitish, bent outwards below 
costa, then very minutely waved and with white and dark points 
beyond it on the veins, incurved at discal fold and below vein 4, 
some whitish points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line indistinct, 
pale, defined on inner side by cupreous brown, slightly angled 
outwards at veins 7, 6 and excurved at middle ; a terminal series 
of minute black lunules defined on inner side by whitish points. 
Hind wing white tinged with red-brown especially on terminal 
area ; a fine brown terminal line ; the underside whitish, the costa] 
and terminal areas irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal point 
and traces of a curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Colombia (H. H. SmitJi), 1 cJ type, Bonda. Exp. 30 
millim. 

B. Palpi with the 2nd joint oWique and fringed with hair above, the 3rd 
joint porrect. 

4419. Macapta rubrescens. 

(Makapfa) rubrescens, Scbaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxx. p. 166 (1904). 
S . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale purplish pink mixed with 




Fig. 25. — Macax>ta rubrescens, (^ . \. 

some whitish especially on ventral surface. Pore wing pale 
purplish pink ; subbasal and antemedial lines absent ; orbicular 
absent ; reniform a narrow oblique bar, brown defined by white ; 

VOL. IX. H 



98 noci'uid.t:. 

])ostmeclial line very indistinct, bent outwards below eosta, then 
oblique and with short dark streaks beyond it on the veins, some 
white points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line absent. Hind 
wing pale purplish pink ; the underside pinkish suffused with white, 
the apical area pinker, a slight discoidal spot and postmedial series 
of minute streaks on the veins. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana {D. Jones), 1 d • Exp. 32 millim. 



Sect. II. Antennae of male minutely serrate. 

A. Fore wing without white streak beyond lower angle 
of cell. 

a. Fore wing with wliite discoidal bar dilated below carnescnis. 

h. Fore wing without white discoidal bar. 

«'. Fore wing with pure white spot in lower part of 
reniform. 
a'. Fore wing with fascia below base of cell and the 

orbicular and reniform yellow suffused with red. lurida.. 
h-. Fore wing without fascia below base of cell, the 
orbicular and reniform not yellow suffused 

with red niveiyutia. 

h'. Fore wing without white spot in lower part of 
reniform. 

0°. Fore wing with the postmedial line double itcJnda. 

//-. Fore wing with the postmedial line single. 

«•'. Fore wing with the post-medial line bent out- 
wards below costa and oblique below vein 4. 
«■•. Fore wing without series of black points 

beyond postmedial line wnraa. 

i-*. Fore wing with series of black points beyond 

postmedial line marginaia. 

h'^. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved 

from costa to vein 4, then oblique holnphceei. 

B. Fore wing with short wliite streak beyond lower angle 
of cell. 
a. Fore wing with the white streak beyond lower angle of 

cell single alhiviita. 

I). Fore wing with the white streak beyond lower angle of 

cell double dilmea. 



4420. Macapta carnescens. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 21.) 

Makapia carnescens, Schaus, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxx. p. 99 (1906). 

Head and thorax bright rufous, a few of the scales tipped with 
white ; abdomen whitish suffused with rufous, the basal crests pure 
white. Fore wing bright rufous \\ ith a cupreous gloss ; an 
indistinct dark antemedial line incurved in cell, then oblique and 
angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular absent ; reniform a pure white 
narrow oblique bar somewhat dilated below ; a faint diffused 
oblique line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line 
fine, minutely dentate and produced to short streaks on the veins, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique, some white points beyond it on 
costa ; subterminal line absent ; a fine dark terminal line. Hind 
wing entirely suffused with glossy brown ; cilia pale red-brown ; 



MACAPTA. 99 



the underside white thicklj- irrorated with brown, the costal area 
suffused with rufous, a taint discoidal lunule and diffused curved 
postraedial line. 

Hub. Brazil, Sao Paulo {D. Jones), 1 c? , 1 $ • E.vp. 32 millim. 



4421. Macapta lurida. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 22.) 

Fagifmm lurida, Schaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 236 (1894). 

5 . Head, teguloe, and patagia fiery red, thorax red-brown ; 
abdomen dorsally grey-brown, vcutrally red-brown. Fore wing 
red-brown suffused with greyish, the submedian interspace to 
extremity of claviform and terminal area yellow suffused with 
fiery red; subbasal line represented by a diffused oblique yellow 
and red striga from costa ; antemedial line very indistinct, brown 
slightly defined by grey on inner side, oblique, waved ; claviform 
large, contiuent with the basal fascia ; orbicular and reniform yellow 
suffused with fiery red, the former round, the latter narrowing below 
and with pure white spot at lower angle of cell ; postmedial line 
brown with whitish striga at costa, strongly bent outwards below 
costa, then with series of blackish points beyond it on the veins, 
very oblique below vein 4, some white points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line deep red, very slightly angled outwards at vein 7 
and excurved at middle ; cilia deep red, white at tips. Hind wing 
white, the terminal area suffused with pale brown ; cilia white ; 
the underside with the costal area irrorated with red and brown, 
a black discoidal point, slight postmedial line from costa to vein 3, 
and series of black points on apical half of termen. 

Hab. Brazil, Sao Paulo (i). ,/o/ies), 4 J; Argektixa, Gran Chaco, 
rioreuzia ( Wagner), 2 $ . Exp. 32-36 millim. Tvpe t in Coll. 
U. S. Nat, Mus. 

*4422. Macapta niveigutta. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 23.) 

Fagitana nivek/utta, Schaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxx. p. 150 (19J4). 

5 . Head and thorax red-brown mixed with white ; pectus and 
legs red-brown ; abdomen red-brown with some white laterally 
at base. Fore wing red-brown slightly irrorated with whitish ; 
subbasal line absent ; faint traces of a waved antemedial line ; 
orbicular and reniform faintly defined by red, the former round, 
the latter oblique elliptical, with elliptical pure white spot at lower 
angle of cell ; some whitish points on postmedial part of costa ; 
postmedial line reddish brown defined on outer side by greyi.^h 
suffusion, very oblique and straight from costa towards apex to 
middle of inner margin ; subterminal line indistinct, reddish, 
minutely waved, oblique, slightly excurved at middle ; a fine dark 
terminal line. Hind wing whitish suffused and irrorated with 
red-brown ; a fine dark terminal line ; cilia whitish at tips ; the 
underside whitish irrorated with red-brown especially on costal 
area, a slight discoidal spot. 

h2 



100 



NOCrUID-T;:. 



Hah. Beazil, Castro Parana (Z). Jones), 
Mu3. Exp. 40 millim. 



type t $ in U.S. Nat. 



*4423. Macapta nebula. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 24.) 

KoMem nebula, Schaus, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxx. p. 99 (190()). 

(S . Head and thorax bright rufous, the scales tipped with white ; 
tarsi slightly ringed with white ; abdomen white tinged with rufous, 
the basal crest dark ; the ventral surface deep rufons. Fore wing 
bright rufous irrorated with whitish, the costal edge darker ; an 
indistinct rufous subbasal line from costa to vein 1 ; antemedial 
line double, very minutely waved; claviform small, faintly defined 
by rufous; orbicular and reniform defined by rufous, the former 
elliptical ; an oblique rather diffused rufous medial line from cell 
to inner margin ; postmedial line double, the outer line indistinct, 
the inner strong, filled in with whitish, bent outwards below costa, 
then oblique, slightly incurved below vein 4, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; two well separated, minutely waved, rather 
diffused subterminal rufous lines, the outer slightly excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; termen and cilia deep rufous, the latter with 
whitish line at base and whitish tips. Hind wing pure white, the 
costal area slightly tinged with brown ; a waved blackish terminal 
line and the cilia tinged with fuscous from apex to vein 2 ; the under- 
side with the costal area thickly irrorated with rufous, a blackish 
discoidal point and slight postmedial line on costal area. 

5 . Hind wing entirely suffused with brown, the basal area rather 
paler. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana in Coll. D. Jones. Exp. S 36, 
$ 40 millim. 

4424. Macapta mursa. 

Fagitana mm'sa, Scliaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 236 (1894). 

(S . Head and thorax bright rufous to purplish brown, irrorated 
with white ; palpi with some blackish scales at base ; tarsi ringed 
with white ; abdomen pale rufous, the basal crest with some blackish 




Fig. 26. — Macapta mursa, (^ . \. 

scales, the ventral surface deep rufous. Fore wing bright rufous 
to purplish brown irrorated with dark rufous and white; subbasal 
line represented by slight double stria3 from costa ; antemedial line 
indistinct, double, rufous, slightly curved ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by rufous, the former round, the latter open above and 
below ; a slight striga from middle of costa ; postmedial line brown, 



MACAPTA. 101 

obsolescent towards costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then somewhat lunulate, oblique below vein 4 ; some white points 
beyond it on costa ; subteiminal line double, broAvnisb, slightly 
incurved at discal fold ; cilia with a fine pale line at base. Hind 
wing pure white, the apex slightly tinged with brown ; a fine 
brown terminal line ; cilia slightly mixed with brown on apical 
half; the underside with the costal area suffused and irrorated 
with rufous, a slight discoidal spot. 

5 . Pore wing with white spot on inner edge of reniform : hind 
wing suff'used with fuscous especially towards termen. 

Hah. Eeazil, Castro Parana (Z). Jones), 1 S . E,vp. 36 millim. 

*4425. Macapta marginata. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 25.) 

Fagitana marginata, Schaus, Trana. Am. Eiit. Soc. xxx. p. 150 (1904). 

S . Head and thorax dark brown mixed with grey ; abdomen 
grey tinged with brown and irrorated with dark brown. Fore wing 
grey thickly irrorated with dark brown, the end of cell and area 
just below it suftused with rufous ; subbasal line represented by a 
slight blackish striga from costa and spot iu cell ; antemedial line 
fine, red-brown, slightly excurved below costa, bent outwards below 
median nervure, then slightly incurved ; orbicular small, grey 
defined by brown, round ; reniform a grey bar defined by brown 
on inner side ; postmedial line red-brown defined by grey on outer 
side, bent outwards below costa, then with series of black points 
beyond it on the veins, oblique and very slightly incurved below 
vein 4, some grey points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line grey 
defined by red-brown on inner side, oblique, nearly straight ; the 
termen suffused with dark brown ; cilia dark brown at base, ochreous 
at tips. Hind wing pure white, the apical area, termen, and the 
veins of terminal area slightly irrorated with fuscous ; cilia slightly 
tinged with fuscous at tips ; the underside with the costal area 
tinged with ochreous and thickly irrorated with fuscous ; the 
terminal area irrorated with fuscous to vein 2, a small black dis- 
coidal spot ; postmedial line almost obsolete except on costal area, 
some black points on termen from apex to vein 2. 

$ . Pore wing snffus^ed with rufous to postmedial line ; hind 
wing wholly suffused with brown, the terminal area darker ; cilia 
white. 

Hab. Beazfl, Castro Parana in Coll. D. Jones. Exp. 42 millim. 

*4426. Macapta holophaea. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 20.) 

Macapta holophma, Druce, k. M. N. H. (8) i. p. 298 (1908). 

5 . Head and thorax red-brown mixed with dark brown and 
some grey ; tarsi blackish ringed with white ; abdomen brown, 
ventrally irrorated with grey. Pore wing red-brown irrorated 
with black and some grey ; subbasal line very faint, blackish, 
waved, from costa to submcdian fold ; antemt^dial line faint, black, 
oblique, waved ; orbicular and reniform small, indistinct, pale 
rufous, the former oblique elliptical, some dark brown suffusion in 



102 NOCTUID.E. 

cell before and between them ; post medial line indistinct, minutely 
waved, excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique, a series of 
black points beyond it on the veins and some pale points on costa ; 
subterminal line indistinct, pale, defined on inner side by blackish 
suffusion, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; cilia dark brown 
with pale lines at base and near tips. Hind wnng dark brown, 
rather paler at base ; cilia yellowish Avhite with a brown line near 
base, brown at apex ; the underside wiiitish irrorated with brown, 
the costal half suffused with rufous, a blackish discoidal point, 
postmedial series on the veins, and terminal series from apex to 
vein 2. 

Hah. S,E, Peru, Oconeque (OcJcenden), type t ? in Coll. Druce, 
Huancabamba (Boettyer). Exp. 40 millim. 

4427. Macapta albivitta, n. sp. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 27.) 

Head atid thorax pale brown mixed with whitish and slightly 
irrorated \\ ith black ; palpi with small black spots at extremities 
of 2nd and 3rd joints ; frons with lateral black bars ; abdomen grey 
dorsally tinged with fuscous, ventrally irrorated with black, the 
basal crest tipped with black, small subdorsal and sublatcral black 
spots on terminal segments. Pore wing pale red-brown slightly 
irrorated with fuscous, the costal edge white ; oldiquely placed 
subbasal black points below costa and cell and above vein 1 ; a 
small antemedial black spot in submedian fold ; orbicular a small 
black spot ; reniform a small very ill-defined yellow and fiery-red 
lunule with more or less distinct white streak below it extending 
to postmedial line, which is represented by a series of black points 
on the veins, bent outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then 
oblique and incurved at submedian fold, some slight black points 
beyond it on costa; an oblique subterminal series of black points ; 
the terminal area suffused Avith fuscous below apex ; a terminal 
series of black points defined by slight pale lunules ; cilia with a 
series of black points at tips. Hind wing w^hite sufiused with 
browu except at base ; cilia white with a slight diffused brown line 
tlirough them ; the underside with the costal area slightly irrorated 
with brown. 

Ab. 1. Pore wing with black patch beyond the reniform. 

Hah Jamaica, Castleton (Kaye), 3 c7 , 1 $ type, Cinchona (Kaye), 
2 2 , Newcastle, 1 $ . Exp. 22-26 millim. 

4128. Macapta dileuca, n. sp. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 28.) 

2 . Head and thorax yellow mixed with some fiery red ; abdomen 
ochreuus white. P'ore wing yellow irrorated with brown and some 
black scales, the costal edge white, the costal area beyond the cell 
and inner margin irrorated with fiery red; subbasal line absent ; 
antemedial line represented by a few black scales, oblique from 
costa to submedian fold, then inwardly oblique ; claviform absent ; 
orbicular and reniform represented by yellow patches irrorated with 
red, the latter with white streak below it from lower angle of cell 



MACAl'TA. — SELICANIS. 103 

to postmcdial line below vein 4 and short streak above vein 4 ; a 
slight difiused oblique medial shade from costa to median nervure 
and traces of an obliciue line from cell to inner margin ; post- 
medial line represented by a double oblique series of minute black 
points from below costa to inner margin, with another curved 
series of minute black points beyond it ; a slight oblique whitish 
«liade from apex ; the terminal area slightly suffused with brown, 
the veins and interspaces with slight dark streaks : a terminal 
series of black points. Hind wing white, the termen tinged with 
ochrcous and with terminal series of black points from apex to 
vein 2 ; the underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with 
brown. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana ; Argentina, Gran Chaco, Florenzia 
( W(ujner\ 1 $ type. Exp. 24 millim. 

Genus SELICANIS. 

Type. 

Selicanis, Smith, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxii. p. 481 (1900) cinereola. 

Proboscis aborted, minute; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint hardly reaching 
middle of trons, the ^rd sliort ; frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenna) of 
male miinUely serrate and ciliated; thorax clothed with hair and hair-like 
scales, the pro- and metuthornx with small spreading crests; tibite fringed with 
long hair ; abdomen long with some rough hair at base but without crests. 
Fore wing narrow-, the costa almost straight, the apex rounded, the termeu 
obliquely curved and not creuulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 
<) from upjjer angle ; 9 from 10 anastonu)sing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 
from cell. Hind wuig with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discucellulars; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

4429. Selicanis cinereola. 

Selicaiiiti cinereula, Smith, Pr. U.y. Nat. Mus. xxii. p. 481 (1900); Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 179. 

cJ . Head, thorax, and abdomen red-brown mixed with grey- 
white, the vertex of head whiter, the scales of thorax tipped with 
grey. Fore wing red-brown irrorated with grey-wliite, the medial 
area somewhat darker brown ; the 1st line almost medial, white, 



.■<<^ 





Fig. 27. — Selicanis cinereola, J. 



very slightly incurved below median nervure ; claviform and orbi- 
cular absent ; reniform represented by a white bar with dark brown 
patch beyond it ; postraedial line white, slightly bent outwards 
below costa, excurved to vein 4 just beyond the reniform, then 
slightly incurved, some white points beyond it on costa ; sub- 



104 NOCTUID^. 

terminal line white slightly defined on inner side by dark brown, 
somewhat excurved below vein 7 and incurved below vein 3 ; 
cilia with fine white lines at base and middle and white tips. 
Hind wing greyish thickly irrorated and suffused with red-brown ; 
cilia with fine white line at base and wliite tips ; the underside with 
the costal area red-brown irrorated with white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, Glenwood Springs {Barnes), 1 J , Denver. 
E.vp. 34 millim. 

Genus STIBADIUM. 

Type. 

Stibadium, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 74 (1874) sjnunosa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, extending to just beyond the frons, 
the 2nd joint moderately fringed with hair below, the 3rd short ; frons with 
large round corneous prominence with raised edges and corneous plate below 
it ; eyes large, round ; antennse of male laminate and almost simple ; thorax 
clothed with rougli scales, the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests, the 
patagia curled upwards at extremity ; tibia? moderately fringed with hair, the 
tore tibia with large curved claw on inner side ; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing with the apex produced and acute, the termen obliquely curved and 
not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 6 obsolescent from just below middle of 
discocellulars; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

A. Fore wing with antemedial white patch below the cell and 

crescentic spot at lower angle of cell olvcUo. 

B. Fore wing without antemedial white patch below the cell or 

crescentic spot at lower angle of cell. 

a. Fore wing with dark patch on costal area beyond post- 

medial line. 

a}. Fore wing with the orbicular filled in with black co'itcinna. 

h^. Fore wing with the orbicular not filled in with black, 
a'. Fore wing rufous irrorated with dark brown, the veins 

with dark streaks laodamia. 

b^. Fore wing grey irrorated with white, the medial area 

suffused with blackish ciiriosa. 

b. Fore wing without dark patch on costal area beyond post- 

medial line. 
a^. Fore wing with the postmedial line angled outwards at 
vein 6. 
a^. Fore wing with the antemedial line angled outwards 
in submediau fold. 
a?. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform present oclwa. 
b^. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform absent, aurcula. 
b'. Fore wing with the antemedial line nearly straight. 
a^. Fore wing with the postmedial line obliquely 
incurved below vein 5. 
«•*. Fore wing with the postmedial line fine, whitish. 
a^. Hind wing white, the terminal area suffused 

with brown spumosa. 

h^. Hind wing wholly suffused with brown manti. 

6*. Fore wing with the postmedial line diffused 

wh i tish corazona. 

h^. Fore wing with the postmedial line incurved below 

vein 4 jalada. 

//'. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved from 

below cosla to vein 4, then incurved navia. 



STIBADIUJI. 105 

*4430. Stibadium olvello. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 29.) 
Stibadium olvello, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxxis. p. 94 (1907). 

Head and thorax pale and dark olive-brown ; abdomen ochreous 
brown. Forq wing pale and dark olive-brown ; an obli<,]ue subbasal 
white striga below the cell ; a large quadrate antemedial silvery 
white patch in si;bmedian interspace, its lower inner angle produced 
to a slight point ; a ercscentie white spot at lower angle of cell, 
concave towards costa ; postmedial line slight, pale, oblique from 
costa to vein 6 where it is met by a slight oblique pale streak from 
apex, then very obliquely excurved ; a fine dark terminal line ; 
cilia with a fine pale line at base. Hind wing white with a faint 
yellowish tinge and slightly suffused with olive on terminal area ; 
cilia yellowish white ; the underside with the costal and terminal 
areas slightly darker. 

Bab. U.S.A., Xew Mexico. Earj). 32 millim. This species is 
unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in Coll. 
W. liarnes. 

4431, Stibadium concinna. (Plate CXLYIII. fig. 5.) 

Stibadium concinnum, D^'ar, Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. xi. p. 23 (1909). 

S . Head and thorax futrcous brown mixed with white ; abdomen 
white tinged with rufous. Fore wing grey-white almost entirely 
suff'used with fuscous brown and slightly irrorated with white ; 
antemedial line white, sinuous to submedian fold, then inwardly 
oblique ; orbicular and reniform defined by white, the former filled 
in with velvety black, large, round, the latter strongly indented on 
outer side ; postmedial line white, obliquely downcurved from costa 
to vein 6 where it is angled outwards, very oblique and slightly 
incurved below vein 4, a blackish patch beyond it on costa ; sub- 
terminal line whitish, defined on inner side by slight black marks 
from discal fold to inner margin, incurved below vein 3 ; a fine 
black terminal line ; cilia brown with white lines at base and near 
tips. Hind wing white, the terminal area suffused with brown ; 
a fine black terminal line ; cilia white at base, brown at tips ; the 
iniderside with the costal and terminal areas suff'used and irrorated 
with brown. 

Hub. Mexico, Orizaba {Miiller)., 1 6 . Exp. 26 millim. 

4432. Stibadium laodamia. 

Plusiodes laodamia, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 520; id. Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. 
ii. p. 506, pi. 96. f. 16. 

c? . Head and thorax red-brown mixed with grey ; palpi, pectus, 
and legs rufous ; abdomen rufous, the anal tuft yellowish. Fore 
wing pale rufous suffused in parts with red-brown and irrorated 
with dark brown, the terminal area paler, the veins streaked with 
dark brown ; antemedial line red-brown, curved, expanding into a 
spot at costa ; orbicular and reniform defined by dark brown, large, 
the former round ; a semicircular dark red-brown patch on costa 



106 XOCTUID.E. 

before apex crossed by the diffused pale postmedial line which is 
ol)lique from costa to below vein 7 near termen, then defined by 
red-brown on inner side, very oblique to below vein 2, then less 
oblique; a brown subterminal shade from vein 3 to inner margin, 
oblique to below vein 2 ; a fine red-brown terminal line ; cilia 
yellowish. Hind wing ochreous almost wholly suffused with red- 
brown ; an indistinct curved ochreous postmedial line ; a fine red- 
brown terminal line ; cilia yellow ; the underside yellow, the inner 
half whitish to near tornus, the apical area slight!}' irrorated with 
brown, an indistinct postmedial line from costa to vein 4, oblique 
to discal fold where it is angled ; a fine red-brown terminal line. 

Hab. Mexico, Guerrero, Amula [H. 11. Smith), 1 c? type, 
Godman-Salvin Coll. E.vj). 42 millim. 

4433. Stibadium curiosa. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 30.) 

Siihadiiiin cimosuin, Neimi. Papilio, iii. p. 141 (1883) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 262. 

Head and thorax white and dark brown mixed ; antennae white 
ringed with brown ; tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen whitish 
tinged with brown. Pore wing grey tinged with brown and irro- 
rated with white scales, the medial area blackish except towards 
costa before the postmedial line which has a semicircular black-brown 
patch beyond it on costa ; antemedial line white, almost straight 
and erect; orbicular and reniform defined by white, the former very 
oblique elliptical, tlie latter with straight inner edge, its outer edge 
excised at middle and produced at lower extremity ; postmedial line 
white slightly defined on each side by dark brown, oblique from 
costa to vein G, obliquely excurved to vein 3, then oblique ; sub- 
terminal line indistinct, whitish, sliglitly defined on inner side by 
dark brown, excurved from the costal patch to vein 3, then incurved ; 
a slight dark terminal line ; cilia white with a diffused black-brown 
line through them. Hind wing white slightly irrorated with brown, 
the terminal area thickly irrorated except towards tornus ; the 
underside white, the costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated 
with brown. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona; Mexico, Guadalajara (tScJiaus), 1 (^ , 2 5 . 
£".17^. 32 millim. 

* 4434. Stibadium ochoa. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 31). 
Stibadium ochoa, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxxvi. p. 241 (1904). 

Head iron-grey, the palpi chestnut-brown ; thorax chestnut- 
brown ; abdomen pale ochreous brown. Fore wing pale ochreous 
tin°'ed with olive-green and chestnut-brown especially on medial 
area in and below cell, irrorated with violaceous scales especially 
on basal and costal areas ; antemedial line dark olive-green, very 
oblique from costa to submedian fold where it is acutely angled, 
then inwardly oblicjue ; orbicular and reniform faintly defined by 
dark olive, the former round ; a dark olive medial shade, obliijuo 



STIBADIUJI. 107 

from costa to reniform, inwardly oblique from lower angle of cell 
to inner margin ; postmedial line dark olive, very oblique from costa 
to vein 6, then inwardly oblique and very slightly sinuous, its acute 
angle below costa met by an oblique streak from apex ; subterminal 
line only defined by the terminal area being paler and yellower 
without violaceous irroration ; cilia yellowish at base, darker at tips. 
Hind wing pale ochreous faintly tinged with olive and witli slight 
dark irroration except on terminal area ; a slight discoidal bar and 
faint curved postmedial and subterminal lines ; the underside with 
ihe costal and terminal areas pale yellowish, a distinct discoidal 
bar and postmedial line. 

The frontal structure consists of an elliptical depression with 
central channel and roughened sides. 

Hab. U.S.A., Arizona, Wilgus. ^.17). 34 millim. This species is 
unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in Coll. 
"VV. Barnes. 



4435. Stibadium aureola. (Plate CXXXIX. fig. 32.) 

Siihadhnn aureolum, H. Edw. Papilio, ii. p. 126 (1882) ; Smitlj, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 262. 

$ . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with red-brown ; frons 
tinged Avith fuscous ; fore legs tinged with fuscous ; abdomen pale 
yellow. Fore wing ochreous suffused with rufous and irrorated 
with white, the inner half of medial area darker, an oblique pale 
yellow band on postmedial area from apex to inner margin ; ante- 
medial line fine, white, obsolescent towards costa, oblique to 
subraedian fold wliere it is angled outwards, then obliquely in- 
curved ; postmedial line fine, white, obli(jue from costa to vein G 
where it is angled outwards, then very oblique and slightly 
sinuous ; the yellow postmedial band slightly dehned on each side 
by olive ; subterminal line fine, white, arising from apex, oblitjue 
and slightly sijiuous ; cilia red-brown mixed with white and with 
fine white linos at base and middle. Hind wing yellowish white 
irrorated with red-bi'own especially on terminal area ; cilia white 
with a sligjit brown line through them ; the underside white with 
faint diffused curved postmedial line, the termen slightly tinged 
with yellow and irrorated with bi'own. 

Hab. U.S.A., Arizona, 1 5 . Exp. 36 millim. 

4436. Stibadium spumosa. 

Stibadium spumosum, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 74 (1874); 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 262. 

Head and thorax reddish brown irrorated with white ; abdomen 
whitish tinged with red-brown. Pore wing reddish 'brown thickly 
irrorated with whitish, the area beyond the postmedial line some- 
what paler, the base of inner margin whitish ; autemedial line 
very indistinct, whitish, slightly escurved irom costa to median 
nervurc, then nearly erect ; stigmata faintly defined by white, the 



108 



KOCIUID.Ti:. 



orbicular irregularly rouuded; postmedialline more distinct, whitish, 
oblique from costa to vein 6, excurved to vein 5, then obliquely 
incurved ; a slight dark terminal line and faint pale line at base of 
cilia. Jfind wing white, the veins brownish, the terminal area 




Fig. 28. — Stihadium spumosa, cJ • t- 

irroratcd and suffused with reddish brown ; cilia brownish with a 
slio-ht whitish line at base ; the underside white, the costal area 
broadly and the termen except towards tornus irrorated with brown. 
Hab. U.S.A.,' New York, Illinois, Kansas, 1 c? , 1 ? type, 
Nebraska, Oregon, 1 $ , Colorado, New Mexico, Albuquerque 
{ Oslar), 3d", 1 $ 5 Arizona, Phoenix (Kunze), 3 J , 5 $ . i:.vp. 
32-40 millim. 

*4437. Stihadium manti. (Plate CXL. fig. 1.) 

Stihadimn manti, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxxvi. p. 243 (1904). 

Head and thorax dark brown with some white scales mixed ; 
abdomen grey-brown. Fore wing dark brown slightly irrorated 
with white scales, the medial area and postmedial costal area 
daiker ; subbasal line absent ; antemedial line slight, white, 
inwardly oblique and somewhat sinuous ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by white scales, the former round, the latter incompletely 
defined ; postmedial line dark, defined on outer side by whitish, 
obliquely incurved from costa to vein 6, excurved to vein 5, then 
incurved ; traces of an irregular subterrainal line sometimes 
present ; cilia with a fine pale line at base. Hind wing fuscous 
brown slightly darker towards termen ; cilia with pale line at 
base ; the underside grey with faint postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas, Kerrville, San Antonio. Exp. 32 millim. 
This species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type 
in Coll. W. Barnes. 



*4438. Stibadium corazona. (Plate CXL. fig. 2.) 

Stihadium corazona, Schaus, J. N.Y. Ent. Soe. vi. p. 144 (1898) ; Druce, 
Eiol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 569. 

(5 . Head and thorax whitish mixed with dark brown ; tarsi 
ringed with white; abdomen grey-brown. Fore wing dark olive- 
brown thickly irrorated with grey -white ; antemedial line rather 
difi'uscd, grey-white, oblique, slightly bent inwards to costa ; 
orbicular and reniform faintly defined by grey-white, the former 
small, rather oblique elliptical ; postmedial line diffused, grey- 



STIBADITJjr. 109 

Avliite, oblique from costa to vein 6 near subterminal line, then 
inwardly oblique ; subterminal line indistinct, diffused, grey- 
white, oblique from apex to vein 5, then slightly excurved and 
incurved below vein 3 ; a fine dark terminal line and whitish 
line at base of cilia. Hind wing whitish, almost wholly suffused 
with glossy ochreous brown ; traces of a pale diffused subterminal 
base; a fine dark terminal line and yellowish line at base of cilia ; 
the underside white irrorated with brown ; traces of a diffused 
curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Mexico, Orizaba (ScJuius), type f (S in U.S. N^at. Mus., 
Guadalajara. E.vj). 40 millim. 

4439. Stibadium jalada. (Plate CXL. fig. 3.) 

Siibadium jalaJa, Sehaus, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. vi. p. 144 (1898). 

5 . Head grey, the palpi tinged with rufous ; tegulse grey edged 
with rufous ; patagia rufous ; vertex of thorax dark brown mixed 
with rufous ; pectus and legs grey mixed with rufous ; abdomen 
grey. Fore wing grey irrorated with bronze-green and suffused 
with bronze-green to beyond middle except on costal area ; ante- 
medial line very indistinct, bronze-green, oblique from costa to 
subcostal nervure, then waved ; orbicular and reniform faintly 
defined by bronze-green, the former produced to a point on inner 
side, the latter rather narrow and with bronze-green bar to it from 
costa ; postmedial line bronze-green, oblique from costa to vein 6, 
then inwardly oblique and incurved below vein 4, an oblique dark 
shade from costa towards apex to its angle ; the terminal area 
paler, with traces of a waved subterminal line ; a tine brown 
terminal line. Hind wing whitish suffused with brown ; a fine 
brown terminal line ; cilia ochreous white with slight brown line 
through them ; the underside ochreous white faintly irrorated with 
brown ; traces of a diffused curved postmedial line. 

Ilab. Mexico, Guadalajara {Sehaus), 1 5 . Exp. 38 millim. 

4440. Stibadium navia. (Plate CXL. fig. 4.) 

Telesilla navia, Harv. Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. iii. jd. 10 (1875) ; Smith, 
Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 263. 

Head and thorax pale rufous mixed with white ; palpi and frons 
brown; antennae ringed brown and white; fore legs brown, the 
tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen white. Fore wing pale rufous 
slightly irrorated with white, the medial and terminal areas 
red-brown irrorated with white ; subbasal line represented by 
a faint brown striga from costa ; autemedial line whitish, oblique 
and irregularly sinuous to submedian fold, then angled inwards 
on vein 1; orbicular absent; reniform small, whitish, constricted 
at middle and with brown points in upper and lower parts ; post- 
medial line whitish slightly defined by brown on outer side, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then very minutely waved, 



110 



nootuid.t:. 



excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; subterminal line indistinct, 
whitish, excurved below vein 7 and at middle and angled inwards 
at vein 2 ; a terminal series of white striae ; cilia dark brown 
mixed with white and with fine white line at middle. Hind 
wing white, the terminal area rather narrowly irrorated with 
brown except towards tornus ; a fine brown terminal line from 
apex to subraedian fold ; the underside with the costa and termen 
slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. IT.S..1., Texas, 1 c? , 1 2 type, Kerrville, 1 J, 1 $ . E.i-p. 
2G-;30 millim. 

Genus CYTOCANIS, nov. 

Type, C. denficulosa. 

I'roboscis fully developer! ; palpi obliquely iipfuriipcl, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3ril 
moderate ; frons with larere corneous prominence with raised edges, its lower 
edge produced to a beak-like process; eyes large, round; antennie of male 
laminate and almost simple; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales and 
without crests ; tibia smoothly scaled, the joints of fore tarsi rather short and 
the ungues rather large ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded, the termen evenly curved and hardly crenulate ; veins 3 and i5 from 
near angle of cell ; (i from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of ceil; 
5 obsolescent from well below middle of discocellulars ; G, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4441. Cytocanis denticulosa. 

Miana denikulosa, Wlk. xsxii. 676 (1865) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 310. 

Head and thorax bright red-brown mixed with whitish ; abdomen 
ochreous white suff'used with riifous. Fore wing bright red-brown 
irrorated with white ; a slight curved whitish subbasal line from 
costa to median nervure ; antemedial line hue, white, oblique 





Fig. 29. — Cytocanis denticulosa, S- \- 

from costa to below cell, then angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular 
and reniform small, slightly defined by white, the former oblicjue 
elliptical ; postmedial line slight, white, bent outwards below costa, 
then waved, incurved below vein 4. soine white points beyond it 
on costa ; a fine white subterminal line strongly dentate to termen ; 
a white line just before termen ; cilia white mixed with red-brown. 
Hind wing whitish suffused with pale rufous ; a fine white sub- 
terminal line strongly dentate to the white line just before termen ; 
cilia white mixed with red-brown ; the underside white irrorated 
with rufous. 

Hah. Bombay (Lcith), 1 ^ , Kutch, 3 $ ; Madeas, Coimbatore 
(Wamouse), 1 6 type. Eajk 28-30 millim. 



EULYJINIA. ]11 

Genus EULYMNIA, nov. 

Type, E. pulchcrrima. 

Pruboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, short, hardly reaching middle of 
frona and smoothly scaled ; f'rons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennae of male 
simple, laminate ; thorax clothed entirely with scales and without crests ; tibi;« 
slightly fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing 
with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and non-crenulate ; the inner 
margin somewhat lobed at base and excised towards tornus, which is slightly 
hooked ; yeins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; II from cell. Hind wing with veins 
3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from below middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with cell to near middle. 

4442, Eulymnia pulcherrima. 

Cunservula pulcherrima, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 295 (1902). 

S . Head, tegulfe, upper edge of patagia, prothorax, and mefa- 
thorax behind clothed with ochreous and chocolate-red scales, the 
rest of patagia and thorax violaceous grey ; palpi white, red at 
tips : antennae with the basal joint white behind ; pectus and legs 
white, the fore legs red-brown in front, the tarsi red-brown ringed 
with W' bite ; abdomen grey with slight white segmental rings, the 




Fig. 30. — Kidijmnia pidclicrrima, t? . 

basal crest chocolate-red, the anal tuft tinged with rufous, Ihe 
ventral surface white. Fore wing violaceous grey, the basal half 
to vein 1 ochreous irrorated with chocolate-red, more thickly below 
the cell, the veins streaked with red ; an ochreous patch irrorated 
with red and with red streaks on. the veins and two small white 
spots on its outer edge on costal area towards apex ; subbasal lino 
double, red, slightly waved, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line double, red, angled outwards below costa and cell, then 
incurved, bent inwards and blackish above inner margin ; orbicular 
and reniform defined by red, their annuli formed of yellowish-white 
spots divided by red streaks, the former round, the latter elliptical ; 
a dark brown medial line excurved round outer edge of reniform, 
then oblique ; ])ostmedial line double, red and distinct on the costal 
patch, excurved from below costa to vein 6, then oblique, sinuous, 
indistinct ; subterminal line formed of red scales, indistinct to 
vein 3, then incurved and prominent ; cilia greenish grey with two 
slight brown lines through them. Hind wing pure white, the 
costal area and veins 7, 6 suffused with golden brown ; a slight 
brown terminal line. Underside of fore wing white with yellowish, 
reddish, and fuscous suffusion on terminal half of costal area ; hind 
wing wholly white. 

Hah. Mashonalaxd, Salisbury (IlarsJiull), 1 S type- Exp. 
42 inillim. 



112 NOCTUID^. 

Genus ETHIOTERPIA, nov. 

Type, E. neavi. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, hardly reaching middle 
of frons, which has a larj^e corneous proiuiuence with raised edges ; eyes large, 
round; antennte of male laminate and almost simple; thorax clothed with 
hair and scales raised, the pro- and metathorax witb spreading crests ; tibiffi 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen clothed with woolly hair but without 
crests. Fore wing rather long and narrow, the apex rounded, the termen 
evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from above 
angle ; 6 from below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 strongly stalked; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

4443. Ethioterpia neavi, n. sp. 

J . Head and thorax creamy white ; palpi black with white 
bands at middle and extremity ; frons with lateral black marks ; 
antenna3 blackish ; tliorax with some black scales mixed and with 
black bands behind tegulne and on metathorax ; tibiae and tarsi banded 
with black ; abdomen blackish, the extremity and ventral surface 
white. Fore wing creamy white ; some black marks at base of 



Fig. 31. — Ethioterpia neavi, cj". \. 

inner area ; a subbasal black striga from costa ; antemedial line 
blackish, obsolescent towards costa, oblique to submedian fold 
where there is a slight streak representing the claviform, then 
slightly sinuous ; an oblique sinuoas medial black line, strongly 
excurved below the cell and with a black striga beyond it from 
costa ; the outer half of medial area almost entirely suffused with 
fuscous ; reniform a largo irregular white mark defined by black 
expanding into a large lobe below costa and into a small lobe 
on inner side at lower extremity ; postmcdial line black, slightly 
sinuous, oblique from costa to discal fold, then incurved, the costa 
beyond it with a conical black patch with two white points on it, 
and slight black marks beyond the postmedial line at middle, sub- 
median fold, and inner margin ; a faint subterminal dark shade 
forming brownish patches at and below middle ; a fine waved black 
line on middle of termen ; cilia chequered black and white. Hind 
wing semihyaline white with a faint subterminal shade ; the under- 
side with a few black scales on costal area towards apex. 

Hah. N.E. Ehobesia, Tanganyika Plateau, Lope Yalley {Neave), 
1 S type. Exp. 30 millim. 



EMAEGINEA. 113 



Genus EMARGINEA. 

Type. 

Emarffmea, Giien. Noct. ii. p. 288 (1852) gammophora. 

Dacira, Wlk. xii. 801 (1857) combusta. 

Cyathi»sa, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. vi. 
p. 576 (1881) percara. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, very short and only reaching 
middle of frons, which has a slight rounded prominence with corneous plate 
below it ; eyes large, rounded ; antenna of male laminate with slight scale- 
teeth on base of shaft above ; thorax clothed with velvety scales and hair, the 
prothorax without crest, the metathorax with large spreading crest ; mid and 
hind tibine very broadly fringed with hair on outer side, the tarsal joints short 
and thick ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only and lateral fringes of hair, 
the male with lateral tufts of liair from base. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded, the termeu excised to vein 4, then curved and not crenulate; the 
ceil short, vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 5 from just above angle; 
6 from below upper angle; 7, 8, 10 on a long stalk; 9 typically absent; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 shortly stalked ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

Sect. I. {Emfirginea). Fore wing with vein 9 absent; 7 from before 10. 

A. Fore wing with the terminal half briglit rufous, with 

black patch on costa combusta. 

B. Fore wing with the terminal half black with patches of 

fulvous yellow and white gammoi^hora. 

4444. Emarginea combusta. (Plate CXL, fig. 6.) 

Bacira combusta, Wlk. xii. 802 (1857). 

(S . Head pure white, the palpi and antennae except basal joint 
black ; thorax black, the metathorax rufous and white ; fore tibiae 
at extremity and mid tibiae at middle with white patches, hind 
tibiae with small white spot at base, the tarsi with the 1st two 
joints white ; abdomen fuscous black dorsall}^ white at sides aud 
fulvous yellow below. Fore wing with the basal half white; 
a basal black patch angled outwards below cell and retracted 
to inner margin, followed by some orange suiiusion ; an antemedial 
black annulus on costa filled in with orange ; a black medial line 
slightly excurved from costa to median nervure, then slightly 
sinuous ; the terminal half brick-red with a black patch rather 
difiiused outwardly extending to three-fourths of costa and euding 
in a point on medial line at vein 2 ; a small V-shaped white 
mark on costa at middle, followed by a slight red streak below 
costa ; postmedial line represented by minute whitish points on 
the black area, otherwise obsolete ; two white striae from costa 
beyond middle ; subterminal line only defined by the terminal aree 
being rather deeper red ; cilia white, blackish at apex, middle, and 
above tornus. Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the 
costal area tinged with orange, irrorated with a few black scales 
and with diffused blackish patch at middle. 

Hah. Brazil, Amazon, Villa Nuovo {Bates)., 1 S type. Exp, 
24 millim. 

VOL. IX. I 



114 N0CrUID.3E. 

4445, Einarginea gammophora, 

Emarginea gammoiiliwa, Guen. Noct. ii. p. 289, pi. 14. f. 1 (1852). 

(5 . Head white ; palpi black except at tips ; antennae black 
except at base ; thorax deep velvety black, the metathorax brij^ht 
rufous and white ; mid and hind tibiae with white patches, the 
tarsi with the 1st three joints white ; abdomen black-brown, the 
basal crest white, the lateral fringes and ventral surface white. 
Pore wing white, extending on costa to near middle and below the 
cell to postraedial line, the basal area suffused with orange, the 
terminal half black suffused with , leaden grey leaving a white 
Avedge-shaped apical patch extending to vein 4 and tinged with 
fulvous yellow on lower half and a rounded fulvous-yellow patch 







Fig. 32. — Emarginca gammophora, (J. \. 

at tornus ; a black streak below median nervure curved up to base 
of costa and a short streak above base of inner margin ; slight 
subbasal and antemedial black striae from costa ; a medial fulvous 
striga from costa near inner edge of the black area, followed by a 
whitish patch centred with fulvous and with black streak on costa 
and an oblique white bar from its lower edge to the white area at 
median nervure ; postmedial line indistinct, black slightly defined 
by whitish scales on outer side, oblique and minutely waved to 
vein 4, then strongly incurved and defined by white on outer side, 
a white striga beyond it on costa and a black striga on the apical 
patch ; some slight fuscous suffusion on the fulvous patch at tornus ; 
a terminal series of black striae ; cilia chequered black and white. 
Hind wing pure white slightly tinged with brown at apex and on 
termen ; the underside with the costal area irrorated with a few 
black scales. 

5 . Fore wing with black patch at base with curved outer 
edge conjoined at costa to the medial black area, the curved Avhite 
mark at end of cell reduced ; hind wing with rather more brown 
on terminal area. 

Hah. Cente. Brazil, Chapada {A. Robert), 1 d ; S. Brazil, 
Castro Parana ; Ueugcay. Kv2>' 2- millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with vein 9 present. 

A. Fore wing with vein 7 from beyond 1 0. 

a. Fore wing orange with the antemedial and inner medial 

areas white olcagina. 

' b. Fore wing pale greenish, the medial and postmedial areas 

suffused with rufous except towards inner margin tdpJiojilaga, 



EMAKGmEA. 



115 



4446. Emarginea oleagina. 

Bacira oleagina, Dognin, Le Nat. (2) iii. p. 134 (1889). 

S . Head white ; palpi black except at tips ; antennae black 
except basal joint ; thorax velvet)^ black with a few white scales 
on vertex and at tips of patagia ; mid tibiae with white patch at 
extremit}', hind tibiae with white terminal band, the tarsi with the 
basal joints white ; abdomen black, the basal crests, subbasal fascise, 
anal tuft and ventral surface except at base white, Eore wing 
pale orange, some white before antemedial line, the area below 
subuaedian fold white from antemedial line to tornus ; the base black 
and ditfused black streaks below base of cell and above base of 




Fig. 33. — Emarginea oleagina, (^ . \. 

inner margin ; subbasal line represented by a black striga from costa ; 
the costal edge black except at apex ; antemedial line black, curved, 
interrupted from submedian fold to below vein 1 ; a black annulus 
on middle of costa filled in with white and with black streak on 
costa, extending to middle of discocellulars ; postmedial line black, 
waved, erect from costa to vein 4, then incurved, some white points 
beyond it on costa ; a conical black patch at tornus ; cilia with 
black points from apex to vein 4. Hind wing semihyaline white ; 
the underside with the costal area tinged with ochreous and irrorated 
with a few black scales, a diffused black patch at base, slight medial 
patch, and small subapical spot below vein 8. 

Hob. EcuADOB, Loja ; Peeu (Simon), 1 c? . Exp. 22 millim. 



4447. Emarginea niphoplaga. (Plate CXL. fig. 7.) 

Emargi7iea niplwplaga, Druce, A. M. N. H. (8) iii. p. 346 (1909). 

2 . Head white ; palpi black with white ring at extremity of 
2nd joint; sides of frons and antennae black; togulae white edged 
with black ; thorax white tinged with ochreous and mixed with 
black ; the metathoracic crests deep black ; pectus and legs black, 
the mid and hind tibiae banded with white at extremity, the tarsi 
ringed with white ; abdomen blackish, the basal ci'est white, the 
ventral surface whitish irrorated with brown. Fore wing white 
tinged with green, the medial and postmedial areas suffused with 
red-brown from costa to submedian fold leaving some ochreous 
white below costa ; an oblique brown and black fascia from base of 
costa to one third of inner margin ; subbasal line represented by a Wack 

i2 



116 NOCTTJID^, 

striga from costa and short streak below the cell ; antemedial line 
represented by a small black spot on costa and oblique line from 
cell to inner margin ; a rather conical silvery white patch in end 
of cell from subcostal nervure defined by black at sides and below ; 
an oblique waved black line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; 
postmedial line arising below costa, black slightly defined by whitish 
on outer side, minutely dentate, incurved below vein 4 ; some white 
points on postmedial part of costa with slight blackish streaks 
between them ; subterminal line only defined by the contrast 
between the postmedial and terminal areas, excurved at middle and 
incurved in submedian interspace ; a small black spot on termen 
below vein 7 ; cilia black at tips. Hind wing white, the base of 
inner margin slightly tinged with brown ; a faint discoid al point 
and sinuous postmedial line ; a black striga on termen at discul 
fold ; the underside with the costal area sparsely irrorated with 
black and with diffused dark patches at base and middle, the 
discoidal spot and postmedial line distinct. 

Hah. Colombia, type f 5 in Coll. Druce, San Antonio {Palmer), 
c? , 1 $ . Exp. 28 millim. 

B. {Cycdhissa). Fore wing with vein 7 from before 10; 
tibiiB not so strongly fringed with scales. 
a. Fore wing with tbe costal half of medial area siiffused 
with black. 

a^. Fore wing suffused in parts with grey-green ^jcrrar«. 

h^. Fore wing suffused in parts with reddish ochreous... quadrate, 
h. Fore wing with the patch at middle of costal area 
slightly defined by black. 
(7\ Fore wing suffused in parts with reddish ochreous... och'^'ace.a. 
b\ Fore wing suffused in parts with blue-grey pallida. 

4448. Emarginea percara. 

Bryophila percara, Morr. Pr. Bost. Soc. N. H. xvii. p. 213 (1874) ; Smith, 
Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 50. 

S . Head pure white ; palpi except at tips, sides of frons and 
antennte except basal joint black ; thorax white tinged with 
grey-green, the tegulse edged with black, the metathoracic crest 
with paired black patches ; pectus and legs black and reddish 
brown, the fore and mid tibiae with white patches, the hind tibiae 




Fig. 34. — Emarginea percara, ^. \. 

with white ring at middle and tips, the fore and mid tarsi with the 
1st and 3rd joints white, the hind tarsi with the 1st three joints 
white tinged with rufous ; abdomen white suffused with yellowish 



EMAKGINEA. 117 

and fuscous. Fore wing white suffused with grey-green ; a black 
streak below base of cell extending to costa at base and expanding 
at extremity ; a small subbasal black spot on costa ; anteraedial 
line black, oblique, waved, much interrupted, expanding into small 
spots at costa and inner margin ; stigmata absent ; an oblique 
sinuous black medial line from costa to submedian fold, with black 
suffusion beyond it from costa to median nervure enclosing a four- 
pointed stellate white mark below costa, with white points above 
it on costa before the postraedial line, which is black defined by 
Avhite on outer side, interrupted towards costa, bent outwards 
below costa, then waved, erect to vein 3, then incurved, with 
conical black patch beyond it on inner area and white points with 
black streaks between them on costa ; faint traces of a diffused 
white sinuous subterminal line ; some black stride on termen ; cilia 
chequered black and white. Hind wing semihyaline white with 
very slight fuscous suffusion and traces of a diffused sinuous post- 
medial line ; the underside with the costal area tinged with brown 
and irrorated with black and with blackish patches at middle and 
towards apex, a small black discoidal spot and lunulate postmedial 
line bent inwards at costa. 

Hah. U.S.A., Florida, Texas, 1 S , Colorado. Exp, 24 millim. 



4449. Emarginea quadrate. (Plate CXL. fig. 8.) 

Cyathissa quadrate, Smith, Can. Ent. xxxviii. p. 225 (190(5). 

Head and thorax white mixed with ochreous ; palpi black, white 
at tips ; sides of frons and head behind eyes black ; antenna^ 
blackish ; tegulte with black streak at middle and black marks 
behind them ; metathorax with paired black patches ; pectus and 
legs black, the tibiae and tarsi banded with white ; abdomen 
ochreous white irrorated with black. Fore wing creamy white more 
or less suffused with reddish ochreous especially on basal inner 
area and on medial area below the cell ; a black streak below base 
of cell, extending to costa at base and expanding at extremity ; 
a subbasal black striga from costa ; antemedialline represented by a 
black spot on costa and oblique line from cell to inner margin above 
which it is angled outwards ; an oblique sinuous black medial 
line from costa to submedian fold, the area beyond it black to just 
below cell enclosing a four-pointed stellate whitish mark just below 
costa with point above it on costa before the postmedial line, which 
is black defined on outer side by white, bent outwards below costa. 
then minutely waved, incurved at discal fold and below vein 4, the 
costa beyond it black with wliite points on it, a black patch beyond 
it on inner area ; a terminal series of black striae ; cilia chequered 
bliick and white. Hind wing white ; a slight discoidal point, the 
area beyond it and the terminal area more or less irrorated with 
fuscous ; a sinuous postmedial line and terminal series of striae ; 
the underside with the costal area tinged with brown and irrorated 



118 NOCTTJIDai:. 

with black and with blackish patches at middle and before apex, 
the discoidal spot and postmedial line more distinct. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Cochize Co., San Bernardino Ranch, 
Nogales {Oslar), 2 J , 2 $ . Exj). 22-24 millim. 



4450. Emarginea ochracea. (Plate CXL. fig. 9.) 

Cyathissc. ochracea, Smith, Can. Ent. xxxviii. p. 225 (1906). 

5 . Head and thorax white, the vertex of thorax tinged with 
ochreous and with some blackish on pro- meso- and metathorax ; 
palpi blackish except at tips ; sides of frons blackish ; antennas 
brown except at base ; palpi and legs mixed with black-brown ; 
abdomen white suffused with reddish brown except at base. Fore 
wing white with some reddish ochreous suffusion on inner area 
before antemcdial line, in and beyond lower angle of cell to post- 
medial line, beyond the postmedial line from costa to vein 2 above 
which it extends to termen and on terraen at vein 6 ; a slight black 
streak below base of cell ; subbasal line represented by a black point 
below costa, the antemedial line bj' an oblique series of points 
below costa, on median ncrvure and above and below vein 1 ; a 
curved black bar representing outer edge of orbicular with diffused 
spot above it on costa and diffused streak from it to the curved 
line which represents the lower edge of reniform, with streak from it 
to postmedial line, which is black defined by white on oiiter side, 
oblique to vein 4 and slightly angled inwards at discal fold, slightly 
angled outwards at veins 4, 3, then incurved and slightly waved, 
a conical blackish patch beyond it on inner area ; some black points 
on termen at the excision below apex ; cilia with series of fuscous 
brown marks at tips. Hind wing white with faint fuscous post- 
medial line from vein 2 to inner margin and faint fuscous patch 
on terminal area from vein 2 to tornus ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly tinged with brown, traces of an oblique j)osl- 
medial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Baboquavaria Mts. (Poling), 1 2 cotype. 
E.rp. 22 millim. 

4451. Emarginea pallida. (Plate CXL. fig. 10.) 

Cydhism pallida, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. x. p. 35 (1902); Dyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 107. 

5 . Head and thorax white ; antennae brown except at base ; 
pro- and metathorax with brown patches ; tarsi brownish ringed 
with white ; abdomen white. Pore wing white, the antemedial 
area tinged with blue-grey below costa and on inner margin, a blue- 
grey patch in cell between the stigmata and below and beyond the 
cell to postmedial line, a triangular blue-grey patch on costa beyond 
the postmedial line and an oblique patch from middle of postmedial 
line to termen at submedian fold ; subbasal line represented by a 



EMAEGINEA. BKTOLTMNTA. 



119 



black point below costa, the antemedial Hue by points below costa 
and above inner margin ; the outer edge of orbicular and inner 
edge of reniform defined by slight blackish lines, the stigmata 
otherwise undefined ; postmedial line black, minutely waved, 
excurved below costa and at middle, then incurved, the blue-grey 
extending to its inner side below costa ; a blue-grey line on termen 
at the excision below apex. Hind wing pure white ; the underside 
with curved blackish postmedial line from below costa to vein 4, 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado desert, 1 5 , California, Walters Station. 
Ex'j). 24 millim. 

Genus BRYOLYMNIA, nov. 

Type, B. roma. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi iiptiirned, slender, the 2ud joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair, the ord moderate ; 
irons with slight rounded promiuenc-e with corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 
rounded ; antenute of male ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed, 
the prothorax without crest, the nietathorax with decumbent crest ; tibia; 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only and 
lateral fringes of hair. Fore wing rather narrow, the apes rounded, the termen 
evenly curved and uotcrenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the small areole ; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle or stalked ; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 



Sect. 



I. Fore wing of male with brush of long hair on underside from near 
base of iuuer area ; hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked. 



4452. Bryolymnia floecifera. 

Grammo2)hm'a floccifera, Moschl. Abb. Senck. Gres. xiv. p. 41, f. 7 (1886). 

Head white ; palpi black except at tips ; antennae black except 
basal joint ; tegular orange fulvous ; thorax white and emerald-green, 
the pro- and metathorax with black bands ; pectus and legs blackisli, 
fore tibiae with white patches, the spurs and tarsi ringed with white ; 
abdomen fuscous grey, the basal crest black, the anal tuft rufous, 




Fig. 35. — Bryolymnia Jloccifcra, J'. 



the ventral surface black. Fore wing emerald-green with patches 
of white on costa, in and below cell and beyond postmedial and 
subterrainal lines ; the costa with wedge-shaped black subbasal, 
antemedial, medial and postmedial spots followed by a small quadrate 



120 NOCTUID/E. 

spot ; a subbasal black patch below cell ; antemedial line represented 
by small black spots in cell and on vein 1 and a lunule further 
from base on inner area : stigmata absent ; an irregular oblique 
black patch in and below lower end of cell ; postmedial line 
represented by a black bar beyond cell, then incurved, sinuous and 
expanding into a triangular spot on inner margin ; subterminal 
line represented by a rather oblique wedge-shaped black patch from 
costa to vein 5 with white point on costa, its inner edge angled 
inwards at vein 7, a quadrate patch at middle and an oblique bar 
to tornus angled inwards on inner margin ; some black points on 
middle of termen and a diffused streak below the quadrate sub- 
terminal patch ; cilia with black patches above middle and tornus. 
Hind wing whitish suffused with fuscous, the apical area darker ; 
cilia white tipped with black except towards tornus. Underside of 
fore Aving black with white postmedial bar with some points beyond 
it and white apical patch, the tuft of hair in male rufous ; hind 
wing with the costal half black, the inner half white with some 
black irroration on termen, a blackish discoidal spot. 

Hah. Jamaica (Sfurridge, Readall), 2 cJ , Up Park, 1 cJ , Moneague 
{Walsingham), 1 $ . E,vp. 22 millim. 



Sect. II. Fore wing of male without brush of hair ; hind wing with veins 6, 7 
from cell. 

A. Fore wing with the ground-colour not green. 
a. Head white. 

a^. Fore wing with the dark postmedial area angled 
inwards at middle to cell. 
a2. Fore wing with the medial area pnre white, the 

postmedial area black roma. 

h^. Fore wing with the medial area j'ellowish white, 

the postmedial and terminal areas red-brown ... forreri. 
Ji. Fore wing with quadrate black patch beyond the cell, hicon. 
h. Head black, the vertex with whitisli streak atriceps. 

B. Fore wing with the ground-colour green. 

a. Fore wing with the antemedial line bent inwards in 

submediau interspace and outwards above inner 

margin viridimedia. 

b. Fore wing with the antemedial line bent inwards to 

inner margin . picturaia. 



4453. Bryolymnia roma. 

Dacira roma, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) siii. p. 361 (1S94) ; id. Biol. Centr.- 
Amer., Het. ii. p. 493, pi. 95. f. 6. 

S . Head white ; palpi except at tips and antennae black ; tegulae 
rufous, whitish at middle ; patagia rufous at base, black at tips ; 
thorax black, the metathorax rufous and white ; pectus and legs 
black, the tarsal joints with white points ; abdomen fuscous brown. 
Fore wing with the basal area black extending on costa to near 
middle, its outer edge angled inwards in cell, outwards in sub- 
median fold, then recurved to inner margin near base ; medial area 



BKYOLTMNIA, 121 

pure white with medial black points on costa and inner margin and 
a few scales at middle and upper angle of cell ; postmedial line 
black, retracted at vein 7 and between veins 5 and 2 emitting an 
npcurved tooth to lower angle of cell, a purplish-black band beyond 
it extending on costa to near apex aud narrowing to inner margin, 




Fig. 36. — Brijolymnia roma, S • \- 

with some white points on costa and leaving a pale brown semi- 
circular terminal patch with white striga at tornu« ; a sliglit black 
terminal line. Hind wing pure semihyaline white, the apex tinged 
with fuscous ; the underside with diffused fuscous patches at middle 
of costal area and apex. 

5 . Hind wing with discoidal black point, the apical half of 
costal area and the termen tinged with fuscous. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa {Trvjillo), 3 cJ ; Gfatemala {Rodriguez), 
1 $ , Godmau-Salvin Coll. Exp. 22-26 millim. 

4454. Bryolymnia forreri. 

Bacira forreri, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 309, pi. 28. f. 27 (1889). 

5 . Head white ; palpi black except at tips ; antennae black 
except basal joint ; tegulce white tinged with orange ; thorax 
fulvous orange, the outer edge of patagia black ; pectus and legs 
black-brown, the tarsi with slight white rings ; abdomen brownish 
white, dorsally suffused with fuscous except at base. Fore wing 
with the basal area black, its outer edge angled outwards at sub- 
costal nervure and submedian fold and retracted to inner margin ; 
the medial area yellowish white with antemedial small black spots 
on median nervure and inner margin and medial triangular spot on 
costa ; postmedial line black, angled outwards at vein 6, inwardly 
oblique to vein 4, then running inwards to a point at origin of 
vein 2, then bent outwards and obliquely incurved to inner margin ; 
the terminal area red-brown suffused with black except beyond the 
l^ostmedial line below costa and on inner area ; some white points 
on costa ; two small white spots just before termen below apex and 
a striga above tornus ; cilia white, black at apex, above middle and 
towards tornus. Hind wing semihyaline white, the apex tinged 
with fuscous ; a slight terminal fuscous line from apex to vein 2 
and a slight fuscous line through cilia towards apex; the underside 
with the costal area irrorated with fuscous and with slight diffused 
dark patches beyond and before middle. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the postmedial line less angled outwards 
at vein 6 and inwards at vein 2. — Costa Puca. 



122 



NOCTTJID.E. 



Hah. Mexico, Presidio (Forrer), 1 5 type, Godman-Salviu Coll. ; 
Costa Eica, La Trinite in Coll. Joanuis. Exp. 26 millim. 

4455. Bryolymnia bicon. (Plate CXL. fig. 11.) 

Calymnia hicon, Driice, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 295 (1889). 
Bacira ranapa, Schaus, J. N.Y. Eat. Soe. vi, p. 116 (1898). 

Head white ; palpi except at tips, points at sides of frons, and 
antennte black ; thorax black, the tegulse tipped with white, the 
patagia and metathorax with whitish patches ; pectus white ; legs 
black, the extremities of tibise and tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen 
pale rufous, ventrally black with whitish patch at middle. Fore 
wing with the basal area black with small rufous subbasal spot 
below costa, its outer edge waved and inwardly oblique, forming 
the antemedial line to vein 1 where it is interrupted and strongly 
bent outwards With pale rufous before it on inner margin ; medial 
area white tinged with pale rufous in and below end of cell ; 
claviforra with its upper edge sliijhtly defined by fuscous at extre- 
mity ; orbicular a minute elliptical rufous annulus ; reniform white, 
bar-shaped, slightly expanding above and below and tinged with 
rufous above, a black patch from it to postmedial line between veins 
7 and 4; an interrupted oblique sinuous fuscous medial line; 
postmedial line white defined by small black lunules on inner side, 
very oblique from costa to vein 6 where it is acutely angled, then 
nearly erect and minutely waved, the area beyond it pale rufous 
with blackish patch on costal area extending to subterminal line 
with white points on the costa ; subterminal line represented by 
slight blackish spots at middle ; a terminal series of black striae ; 
cilia fuscous, pale rufous at apex and with fine white line at base. 
Hind wing whitish tinged with brown, the terminal area suffused 
with brown, a slight discoidal lunule ; cilia brown at base, white at 
tips ; the underside white, the costal area irrorated with brown, 
the terminal area suff'nsed with fuscous from apex to vein 3, a black 
discoidal lunule with brown patch beyond it on costa, and sinuous 
postmedial line. 

Hah. Mexico, .Jalapa {TrujUlo), 1 S - 1'?, Coatepec (Brool-x), 
2 (S ; Brazil, Castro Parana {B. Jones), 1 S ■ Kiy. 28 millim. 

4456. Bryolymnia atriceps, n. sp. (Plate CXL. fig. 12.) 
Calymnia oryx, Dnice, Biol. Ceutr.-Am., Het. i. p. 295 (nee Feld.). 

c? . Head and thorax black, vertex of head with brownish-white 
streak, the metathorax with rufous patch ; tarsi ringed with white ; 
abdomen whitish suffused with fuscous, the basal crest rufous, the 
anal tuft pale brown, the ventral surface black. Fore wing with 
the basal area black ; subbasal lino represented by a black striga 
from costa slightly defined on each side by rufous ; antemedial line 
forming the outer edge of the black area to vein 1 and slightly 
defined by rufous on inner side, oblique towards costa, angled 



BKTOLTMNIA. 123 

inwards on median norvure, interrupted and strongly bent outwards 
above inner margin with rufous before it extending to base ; medial 
area whitish, tinged with rufous and slightly with brown ; claviform 
represented by a faint fuscous spot at its extremity ; orbicular 
small, round, white defined by diffused brown and with dark point 
in centre ; reniform white tinged with fuscous above and slightly 
defined by black on inner side, strongly constricted at middle, and 
wifh black patch beyond it between veins 7 and 4 extending to 
postmedial line ; a diffused curved medial line with black spot at 
costa ; postmedial line black, slightly defined by white on outer side 
with black spot at costa, very oblique to vein 6, then incurved to 
vein 2, forming small luiiules between veins 4 and 2 and a wedge- 
shaped spot in submedian fold, angled outwards on vein 1 ; terminal 
area cupreous red with purplish patch on costa beyond the post- 
medial line, with white points on it on costa and oblique black bar 
on its outer edge and a fuscous patch on inner area, very faint 
traces of a subterminal line excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; 
cilia black-brown except at apex. Hind wing whitish tinged with 
brown, the apical area darker ; a faint discoidal lunule and sinuous 
postmedial line ; cilia with fine white line at base ; the underside 
whitish, the costal area irrorated with brown, the terminal area 
suffused with fuscous towards apex, a black discoidal lunule with 
dark bar above it from costa, and crenulate postmedial line. 

Hub. Guatemala, Cerro Zunil {Champion), 1 cJ type, Godman- 
Salvin Coll. Exp. 30 millim. 

*4457. Bryolymnia viridimedia. (Plate CXL. fig. 13.) 
BryopMla viridimedia, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xiii. p. ISS (1905). 

(5. Head black, the vertex pure white; thorax purple-brown, 
the tips of teguhe, a slight dorsal streak and the metathoracic crest 
white ; abdomen white tinged with brown. Fore wing with the 
basal area deep purple-brown except on inner margin which is 
bright yellow-green, bounded by the black antemedial line which is 
bent inwards between median nervure and vein 1 ; medial area 
bright yellow-green ; orbicular and reniform small with white 
annuli defined by black scales, the former round, the latter figure- 
of-8-shaped ; a deeper green. medial shade ; a quadrate black patch 
beyond the reniform, which is black defined by white on outer side, 
excurved and minutely waved ; postmedial area violaceous grey 
with a deep brown patch on costal area with some white points on 
costa; terminal area bronze-brown, angled inwards in discal fold: 
cilia dark brown. Hind wing dirty white, the terminal area tinged 
with brown; the underside whitish, the costal area irrorated with 
brown, the apex suffused with brown, a slight discoidal lunule and 
postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Cochise Co. Exp. 32 millim. This species 
is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in Coll. J. H. 
Smith. 



124 NOCTUID.E. 

*4458. Bryolymnia picturata, (Plate CXL. fig. 14.) 

Calymnia picturata, Scbaus, Trans. Am. Eut. Soc. xxi. p. 238 (1894). 

5 . Head and thorax black mixed with white ; antennae ringed 
with white ; pectus and legs whitish mixed with brown, the tarsi 
black ringed with white ; abdomen white tinged with rufous, 
ventrally irrorated with brown. Pore wing pale olive-green ; the 
basal area almost entirely suffused with black to the black ante- 
medial line ; which is excurvcd in coll and submediau fold and bent 
inwards to inner margin ; the subbasal line represented by an 
ochreous striga from costa ; medial costal area ochreous ; the clavi- 
form represented by a small blackish mark at its extremity ; 
orbicular white defined by black, small, irregular ; reniform defined 
by black except above, the upper part yellowish, the lower part 
white with black spot in centre, very stt-ongiy constricted at middle; 
an olive-brown medial shade irrorated with black and with black 
spots at costa and inner margin ; postmedial line double, black, the 
inner line strong, expanding at discal fold into a wedge-shaped mark 
to reniform, the outer line slight, minutely waved, slightly angled 
outwards at vein 6 and inwards in submedian fold, a blackish patch 
beyond it on costal area irrorated with white ; subterminal line 
slight, blackish, oblique to vein 7, excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle and with a blackish bar beyond it between veins 7 and 4 ; 
a slight black terminal line ; cilia chequered white and black. 
Hind wing whitish tinged with ochreous brown, the terminal area 
suffused with fuscous ; a slight discoidal striga; a fine black terminal 
line ; cilia white with a blackish line near base ; tbe underside 
white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with black especially 
at apex, a blackish shade from middle of costa, discoidal spot and 
diffused sinuous postmedial line. 

llah. Mexico, Las "Vigas (Schaiis), type t 5 in U.S. Nut. Mus. 

Exj). '30 millim. 

* 

Genus GONOSTYGIA, nov. 

Type, G. agonax. 

Proboscis fully developecl ; palpi obliquely upturned, the L'nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and fringed with long hair in front, tlie tird moderate, 
porrect ; frons smooth with tuft of hair ; eyes moderate, round ; antennas of 
female ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed, the tibife fringed 
with long hair ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with i,he 
apex somewhat produced, the termen excised from below apex to middle and 
from middle to tornus ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from below 
upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4459. Gonostygia agonax. 

Anarta aqonax, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 515; id. Biol. Cenlr.-Am., Het. 
ii. p. 490, pi. 94. f. 22. 

2 . Head and thorax fuscous black slightly mixed with grey ; 
tarsi whitish ; abdomen fuscous black paler at base. Fore wing 



GONOSTTGIA. ATIMiEA. ] 25 

fuscous black slightly mixed with grey ; subbasal line represented 
by brownish-white bars from costa and cell; antemedial line brownish 
white, erect, minutely waved ; orbiciilar very small, round, white 
defined by black ; reuiform white defined by black, rounded above 
and truncate below ; postmedial line black defined on outer side 
by brownish white, broadly diffused below costa and dentate at 
middle and vein 1, bent outwards below costa, excurved to vein 5, 
then oblique and verj^ minutely dentate, some white points beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line represented by obliquely placed while 
points on and below costa and a point at vein 4 ; a series of minute 




Fig. 37. — Gonosfi/gia agonax, 2. }• 

white poiuts just before termen ; cilia white intersected with black 
at and below apex and at veins 4, 3. Hind wing black with trian- 
gular white patch in, below and beyond lower end of cell ; cilia 
white, black towards apex ; the underside with the costal half 
irrorated with white, a black discoidal spot incompletely defined by 
white. 

Hah. Mexjco, Jalapa {Hoege), 1 5 type, Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Exp. 24 millim. 

Genus ATIM^A, nov. 

Type, A. pictura. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, tlie 2nd joint reaching about to 
vertex of head, the 3i'd moderate or short, porrect; frons sniootli ; eyes large, 
round; antenna; of male minutely serrate and fasciculate; thorax clothed with 
hair and scales mixed, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax with 
spreading crest; tibia; moderately fringed with hair; abdomen with some 
rough hair at base but without crests. Fore wing rather narrow, the costa 
somewhat excised towards apex which is rounded, the termen obliquely curved 
and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 shortly stalked or from angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the crescentic patch on medial area black 

and greatly expanded at upper extremity p'kiura. 

B. Fore wing with tjie crescentic patch on medial area red- 

brown and slightly expanded at upper extremity crescentica. 

4460. Atimaea pictura. 

Timaa pictura, Saalm. Lep. Madag. p. 309, f. 240 (1891). 

§. Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous; 
palpi with the 2nd joint dark brown at sides ; frons with lateral 
dark bars; tegulae with strong medial black line. Fore wing 
ochreous suffused with rufous and irrorated with dark brown ; 



126 NOCTUID.l?. 

subbasal line double, black filled in with whitish, from costa to 
submedian fold, with short black streak beyond it below the cell ; 
antemedial area suffused with red-brown and with black streak 
above inner margin ; antemedial line double filled in with whitish', 
angled outwards below costa, oblique from below cell to veiu 1 
where it is angled outwards, then bent inwards to inner margin ; 
medial area black-brown from subcostal uervure to vein 1 ; orbicular 
and reniform rufous defined by yellowish white, the former very 
narrow and oblique, expanding below and strongly contiuent with 
the latter which is very nai'row and angled iuAvards at middle, 
forming an irregular U-shaped mark; postmedial line white, indis- 
tinct and strongly bent outwards below costa, very oblique to vein 5, 
then inwardly oblique and minutely waved, some whitish points on 
black-brown suflfusion beyond it on costa ; subterminal line repre- 
sented by a series of whitish striae with small black -brown spots 
before them, almost obsolete between veins 6 and 4, excurved below 
vein 7, then waved; a terminal series of slight brown striae ; cilia 
yellow mixed with rufous. Hind wing yellow slightly tinged with 
reddish brown; cilia yellow; the underside yellowish white slightly 
irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal lunule and indistinct curved 
postmedial line. 

Hah. Madagascar, Eetsileo (^Coiuan), 2 2 • Exp. 32 millim. 

4461. Atimaea crescentica, n. sp. 

c5' . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous ; 
palpi red-brown at sides; frons with lateral daj'k bars ; antennae 
red-brown. Fore wing ochreous tinged with red-brown ; traces of 
a double sinuous subbasal line from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line fine, double filled in with white, obliquely incurved from 
median nervure to just below vein 1 where it is confluent with the 
fine double postmedial line filled in with white, bent outwards below 
costa, then very obliquely curved to the antemedial line below 




Fig. 38 



vein 1, the area between the lines occupied by a semicircular red- 
brown patch not reaching costa, its upper edge excised by a semi- 
circular yellowish patch edged with whitish and extending to just 
below median nervure representing the orbicular and reniform ; a 
diffused brown patch on postmedial part of costa with some pale 
points on costa; traces of a red-brown subterminal line, excurved 
at vein 7, then oblique ; a fine red-brown terminal line ; cilia 



t 



LEUCOSIGMA. 127 



yellowish at base, red-brown at tips. Hind wing yellowish white 
tinged with red-brown ; cilia yellowish white ; the underside with 
the costal area tinged with rufous, a slight discoidal lunule. 

Hab. Madagascar, Eetsileo {Cowan), 1 S type. JSlr^. 30 niillim. 

Genus LEUCOSIGMA, nov. 

Type. L. uncifera. 

Proboscis full)' developed ; palpi upturned, slender, the 2nd joint reaching to 
vertex of liead, the 3rd moderate ; frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; anteiinje 
of male ciliated ; thorax clothed chiefly witli scales, the pro- and nietathorax 
with spreading crests ; tibias moderately fringed with hair, the inner spurs long; 
abdomen with some rough hair at base, but without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex rectangular, the termen excised from vein 6 to 4 where it is angled, 
then oblique and crenulate; veins o and 5 from near angle of cell; 6, 7 from 
upper angle; 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell. Hind wing with the termen 
slightly excised at discoidal fold ; veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent 
from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with 
cell near base only. 

*44G2. Leucosigma uncifera. 

Leucosigma uncifera, Druce, A. M. N. H. (8) i. p. 302 (1898). 

S . Head and thorax fiery red mixed with some yellow ; frons 
with lateral white spots ; basal joint of antennte white in front ; 
tibise and tarsi rufous ; abdomen white suifused with red-brown, 
the anal tuft with fiery red mixed. Pore wing fiery red mixed with 
yellow, white and some brown, the veins streaked with brown ; a 
subbasal white striga from costa to an irregular white patch in base 
of cell ; antemedial line represented by an oblique brown striga 
from costa and oblique line from vein 2 near its origin to inner 
margin, both defined by white on inner side; a crescentic while 




Fig. 39. — Leucosigma uncifera, S • h 

spot in and below end of cell expanding into white spots at inner 
extremity and at upper angle of cell, defined by dark brown ; an 
oblique minutely waved brown line from vein 5 just beyond the 
cell to inner margin ; postmedial line brown defined by white on 
outer side, bent outwards and obsolescent below costa, then dentate, 
oblique to vein 4, then inwardly oblique, some white points beyond 
it on costa ; a diffused oblique white bar from apex ; a terminal 
series of small white lunules. Hind wing white suifused with red- 



128 NOCTtJIP-E. 

brown except on inner area, the veins brown; the terraen tinged 
with fiery red from apex to vein 2 ; the underside whitish, the 
costal area suffused and irrorated with fiery red to postmedial line, 
which is black, curved, dentate, ending at submedian fold ; some 
slight terminal dark luuulcs from apex to vein 5. 

Hah. Peru, Carabaya, La Oroya {Oclcenden), type f c? in Coll. 
Druce. Exp. 26 millim. 

Genus CALYMNIODES, nov. 

Type, C. hasicarnea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to vertex of 
head and moderately scaled, the 3rd short ; f rons smooth ; eyes large, rounded ; 
antennae of male ciliated; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales, the 
prothorax vrithout crest, the metathorax with slight spreading crest ; tibiiv; 
moderately fringed with hair; abdomen with some rough hair at base but 
without crests. Fore wing rather narrower, the apex rectangular, the termeu 
not crenulate, oblique towards tornus ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 
6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discocellulars; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. • 

Sect. 1 Abdomen of male clothed with long woolly hair. 

A. Fore wing of male with the basal area clothed with thick woolly hair. 

4463. Calymniodes basicarnea. 

Hadena hasicarnea, Wlk. xi. 587 (1857). 

Calymnia cirrus, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 109. f. 5 (1874). 

^. Head and thorax deep purplish red; antennae brown, the 
shaft with white points above towards base ; pectus and legs gre}- 
brown, the tarsi ringed with ochreous white ; abdomen grey-brown, 
the anal tuft tinged with ochreous. Fore wing with the basal area 
thickly clothed with purplish-red hair ; antemedial line white, 
oblique, sinuous, bent outwards above inner margin and confluent 
with the postmedial line ; orbicular a small orange spot defined by 




Fig. 40. — Calymniodes hasicarnea, S . \. 

deep red ; reniform represented by a slight orange and red bar 
dilated into a small spot at lower angle of cell ; an indistinct oblique 
dark medial line ; postmedial line white, oblique, slightly excurved 
below costa and discal fold, bent inwards above inner margin to the 
autemcdial line, a band of violaceous grey beyond it except at costa 



CILYMNIODES. 129 

and inner margin, the veins streaked with grey to the suhtermiual 
line; some white points on postmedial part of costa ; the terminal 
area red-brown ; subterminal line grey, inwardly oblique from 
costa to vein 7 where it is angled outwards, angled inwards at 
Jiscal and submedian folds and with small brown spots before it 
above and below vein 1 ; cilia with a fine whitish Hue at base and 
greyish line at middle. Hind wing whitish tinged with brown, 
especially on terminal area ; a faint brown discoidal spot ; cilia 
whitish with a brown line through them ; the underside white, 
the costal and terminal areas suffused with red-brown and irrorated 
with white, a large black-brown discoidal lunule and indistinct 
sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Ve.yezpela {Dyson), 1 S type ; S.E. Peeu, S. Domingo. 
Erp. 38 millim. 

15. Fore wing of male with the basal area not clothed witii 
woolly hair. 
«. Fore wing wiiJi the .stigmata not silvery white. 

a'. Hind wing white, the terminal area more or less 
suffused with brown. 
a^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines 

not continent above inner margin rhodopis. 

h". Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines 
confluent above inner margin. 
a^. Fore wing with the po.stmedial line strongly 
excurved at dist-al fold, 
a'. Fore wing deep chestnut-brown, the ante- and 

postmedial areas suffused with white leitcoip-apha. 

/;'. Fore wing yellow tinged with rufous 'promcntoria. 

h\ Fore wing with the postmedial line slightly 

excurved at ditcal fold ohconica. 

b^. Hind vviiig entirely suifused with brown. 

d\ Fore wing with tlje ante- and postmedial lines 
confluent above inner margin. 
a^. Fore wing with prominent series of dark brown 
spots before subterminal line, 
fl*. Fere wing with the ante- and postmedial lines 

confluent at vein 1 grandimacula. 

b^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial 

lines confluent just above inner margin oliveata. 

i\ Fore wing without prominent series of dark 

brown spots before subterminal line masioides. 

b'-. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines not 
confluent above inner margin. 
a^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines 

wh ite hilineata. 

U^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial iiues 

oc'j''eous riijida. 

c3. Fore wmg with the ante- and postmedial lines 
dark. 

u\ Fore wing fulvous yellcjw xanthia. 

¥. Pore wing ochreous brown infirma. 

b. Fore wing with the stigmata silvery white. 
a^. Fore wing with the orbicular heart-shaped. 

a\ Fore wing without white subbas;il point in cell ... co?ich/lis. 

h~. Fore wing with white subbasal point in cell acamas. ' 

b^. Fore wing with the orbicular V-shaped pyrostrota 

(•'. Fore wing with the orbicular crescentic with a white 

point above it turcica. 

VOL, IX. jj- '" 



130 KOCTDID-?i. 

4464. Calymaiodes rhodopis. (Plate CXL. fig. lo.) 
Cali/mniodes rltodopis, Druce, A. M. N. H. (8) i. p. .'500 (1908). 

Head and thorax bright rufous mixed with some whitish and 
black ; tegulag silvery white at base ; metathoracic crest black ; 
tarsi black ringed Avith whitish ; abdomen grey-white suffused with 
brown, the anal tuft with rufons mixed. Fore wing white mixed 
with rufous and black, the veins of terminal area streaked Avith 
black; subbasal line white, waved, from costa to vein 1, a black 
streak in submedian fold from it to beyond the autemedial line 
where it represents the claviform ; autemedial line Avhite, ol)li(]ue, 
angled outwards on subcostal and medial nervurcs, then sinuous ; 
orbicular orange-red defined by black, round ; rcniform reddi:^li 
irrorated with black and defined by black except above, somewhat 
angled outAvards at middle ; medial line blackish, diffused, oblique, 
sinuous, angled outwards to the reniform ; jjostmedial line double, 
black filled in with white and rufous, broader and filled in Avith 
pure white towards costa, oblique from costa to vein 6, excurved to 
vein 4, then incurved and excurved below submedian fold, some 
white points bej-oud it on costa ; subterminal line whitish, oblique 
to vein 7 where it is angled outAvards, incurved at discal fold and 
excurved at middle ; the terminal area rather darker : a terminal 
series of black striie with white points at the veins ; cilia fuscous 
with whitish lines at base and middle. Hind Aving white, the 
termen suffused with broAvn from apex to vein 4 ; a small discoidal 
spot ; a broAvn line near base of cilia ; the underside with the costal 
and terminal areas irrorated with black and rufous, a black dis- 
coidal spot, interrupted postmedialline, and terminal series of stria?. 

Hah. S.E. Peru, Oconeque (Ocl-enden), 1 c5" > T- $ , Aquilaui 
(Ocl'cnden). Exp. 38 millim. Tj-pe f in Coll. Druce. 

44G5. Calymniodes leucograplia, n. sp. (Plate CXL. fig. 16.) 

Head, tegula3, and patagia bright rufous; thorax deep chestnut- 
red with some Avhitish on metathorax ; palpi deep fiery red ; 
antennae dark brown ; pectus and legs deep chestnut-red, the tarsi 
ringed Avith white ; abdomen dark greyish broAvn, the anal tuft and 
ventral surface rufous. Fore wing deep chestnut-red, with slight 
dark irroration and streaks on the veins ; subbasal line white, 
waved, from costa to vein 1 ; some white suffusion from below costa 
to submedian fold and yellow irroration on inner area before the 
autemedial line, which is white, very oblique from costa to above 
inner margin where it is curved outwards to meet the postmedial 
line, Avhich is white slightly defined by broAvn on outer side, very 
oblique from costa to vein 6, incurved below vein 5 and beloAv sub- 
median fold curved inwards to meet the autemedial line ; orbicular 
small, round, orange defined by fiery red ; reniform an indistinct 
red and yellowish mark with whitish points aboA^e and below ; some 
yellowish below costa and beyond lower angle of cell before the 



CALYilNIODES. 131 

posfcmedial line, and a narrow white band beyond it with white 
streaks on the veins from it to the white subteriuinal line, which is 
oblique from costa to vein 7, slightly excurved below vein 7 and 
more strongly at middle, angled inwards in submedian fold ; cilia 
with a fine whitish line at base and blackish line at middle. Hind 
wing white, the base and inner margin tinged with brown ; a brown 
discoidal spot ; a red-brown terminal band, broad at costa, narrowing 
to a point at snbmedian fold ; cilia rufous at apex, then Avhite with 
a brown line near base and brownish tips to submedian fold ; the 
underside with the costa and terminal band deep red irrorated with 
white, some brown irroration below costa and before the terminal 
band ; a black discoidal spot and curved postmedial line from costa 
to submedian fold. 

Uab. S.E. Pbrtj, S. Domingo, 2 c? , 1 $ type, Aquilani, 1 5 , 
Quinton. iio-y. 36 millim. 



4466. Calymniodes promentoria. (Plate CXL. fig. 17.) 

Cali/m7iiodes ■promentorla, Dogn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. li. p. 238 (1907). 

J . Head and thorax bright yellowish rufous : tarsi brown 
ringed with whitish ; abdomen grey-brown, the anal tuft tinged 
with rufous. Pore wing pale yellow tinged with rufous, the post- 
medial area with whitish ; subbasal line faint, brown, waved, from 
costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line fine, brown defined by 
white on inner side, very oblique and slightly sinuous, somewhat 
angled outwards in submedian fold, below vein 1 bent outwards and 
joining the similar postmedial line, which is very oblique from costa 
to discal fold, then incurved and below submedian fold curved 
inwards to the antemedial line ; orbicular and reniform represented 
by faint pale marks ; traces of a brown medial line, oblique from 
costa to reniform, inwardly oblique and waved from lower angle of 
cell to vein 1 ; a whitish patch on costa beyond the postmedial lino 
with slight white streaks on veins 8 and 7 from it to the sub- 
terminal line, which is white and oblique from costa to vein 7, then 
slight whitish defined by dark brown spots on inner side, waved, 
and angled inwards in discal fold to postmedial line ; a white line 
at base of cilia. Hind wing white ; a small blackish discoidal spot ; 
a red-brown terminal line from apex to submedian fold ; cilia 
tinged with rufous towards apex ; the underside with the costa 
tinged with rufous, the costal area, and terminal area to vein 3, 
irrorated with rufous, a black discoidal spot and diffused curved 
postmedial line indistinct below vein 4. 

Hah. Ecuador, Loja, typef (5 in Coll. Dognin. S.E. Pebij, 
Aquilani {Ockenden), 1 S , Oconeque (Ockenden), 1 (S . Exj). 4!i^ 
millim. 



k2 



132 noctuid-t:. 

4467. Calymniodes obconica. (Plate CXL. fig. 18.) 

Calymniodes ohconica, Drace, A.. M. N. H. (8) i. p. 300 (1908). 

Head and thorax deep rufous ; metathoraeic crest greyish ; 
pectus grey suffused with red-brown ; tarsi ringed with white ; 
abdomen grey suffused with fuscous, the ventral surface with 
rufous. Fore wing with the basal, medial and terminal areas 
deep rufous, the ante- and postmedial areas violaceous grey ; 
subbasal line white, waved, from costa to vein 1 ; antemedial line 
white, oblique, straight to vein 1, then bent outwards to join the 
postmedial line, emitting a minute white streak in submedian fold 
on outer side ; orbicular and reniforui very faint, reddish, the 
former round ; a faint oblique blackish medial shade from below 
costa to inner margin ; postmedial line white, oblique to vein 6, 
excurved to vein 5, then slightly incurved and below submedian 
fold bent inwards to join the antemedial line, a white patch 
beyond it on costa with a red-brown spot on it ; subterminal line 
oblique and white from costa to vein 7, giving off white streaks on 
the veins on the red-brown patch on inner side, then violaceous 
grey defined on inner side by small red-brown spots, excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle ; a fine whitish line at base of cilia. 
Hind wing white, the terminal area brown from apex to vein 2 ; a 
small brownish discoidal spot ; cilia white, brown at apex and with 
brown line near base from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with 
the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown and rufous, a 
black discoidal spot and curved sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. 8.E. Peru, Oconeque {Ockenden), 1 (5 , 1 $. Ex_p. 40 
millim. Type t in- Coll. Druce. 

4468. Calymniodes grandimacula. (Plate CXL. fig. 19.) 

Agrotis grandimacula, Guen. Noct. i. p. 296, pi. 5. f. 5 (1852). 

d' . Head and teguloe bright rufous ; palpi grey-brown ; thorax 
rufous mixed with grey-brown ; pectus, legs, and abdomen grey- 
brown. Fore wing violaceous grey irrorated with brown; tlie 
basal costal area suffused with rufous, bounded by the waved white 
subbasal line from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line 
white, very oblique from costa to vein 1, where it is curved 
outwards to meet the postmedial white line slightly defined by 
brown on outer side, oblique from costa to vein 5, somewhat 
inwardly oblique to submedian fold, then curved inwards to the 
antemedial line, the enclosed area deep chestnut-red ; a sliirht 
white streak from the antemedial line in submedian fold ; orl)icular 
and reniform small, fiery red, ill-defined, the former small, the 
latter an indistinct lunule ; some white beyond the postmedial line 
on costal area ; the outer part of postmedial area with rufous 
patches in the interspaces and two brown marks above inner 
margin divided by grey streaks on the veins and by white streaks 
towards costa ; subterminal line white and oblique from costa to 



CALYMNIODES, 133 

vein 7, then grey, excurvecl below vein 7 and at middle ; the 
terminal area rufous ; cilia rufous with a fine grey line at base. 
Hind wing grey suffused with reddish brown ; an indistinct 
discoidal spot ; cilia with a fine white line at base followed by a 
brown line, the tips grey ; the underside grey, the costal area and 
terminal area to vein 3 irrorated with rufous, a brown discoidal 
lunule and sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Brazil, New Fribourg, Kio Janeiro, 1 J • Exp. 36 millim. 

4469. Calymniodes oliveata, n. sp. (Plate CXL. fig. 20.) 

S . Head and thorax pale rufous, mctathoracic crest blackish ; 
palpi brown in front : antennae dark brown ; pectus, legs, and 
abdomen dark brown, the tarsi ringed with pale yellow. Fore 
wing orange-yelloAV slightly irrorated with black and suffused in 
parts with red-brown, the inner and terminal areas suffused with 
dark brown ; subbasal line represented by a faint oblique greyish 
striga from costa ; antemedial line grey defined by black on outer 
side, very obli(iue from costa to above inner margin where it is 
curved outwards to meet the postmedial line, which is grey defined 
by black on inner side, very oblique from costa to vein 5, then 
slightly incurved and below submedian fold curved inwards to meet 
the antemedial line ; orbicular and reniform orange slightly defined 
by fuscous, the former elliptical, the latter constricted at middle 
and angled inwards on median nervure, the extremity of which is 
streaked with grey ; medial line represented by blackish marks 
below costa and cell and above vein 1 ; a small black spot followed 
by white points on costa beyond the postmedial line and some 
whitish suffusion below costa ; subterminal line whitish towards 
costa, then indistinct, greyish, with three black marks before it 
below costa divided by white streaks on the veins and black spots 
in the interspaces below vein 4, the line slightly excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; a rather diffused blackish terminal line ; 
cilia with black line at middle on inner half and some black scales 
near tips on apical half. Hind wing greyish brown, the terminal 
area darker from apex to vein 2 ; an indistinct discoidal spot ; 
cilia brownish grey with a dark line near base ; the underside 
whitish thickly irrorated with dark brown, the terminal ai'ea 
suffused with l3rown, the apical area with rufous, a black discoidal 
lunule, curved postmedial line and fine terminal line. 

Huh. S.E. Peru, 8. Domingo, 1 <S type. Exp. 34 millim. 

4470. Calymniodes mastoides, n. sp. (Plate CXL. fig;. 21.) 

Lycophotia graudimacida, Dnice, Biol. Centr.-Ain., Het. i. p. 287 & ii. 
)). -18-1: (nec Guen.). 

Head and thorax bright rufous ; palpi dark red-brown ; antennae 
black ; pectus, legs, and abdomen dark red-brown, the tarsi ringed 
with white. Fore wing bright rufous tinged with j-ellow, the 



134 NOCTUIDJE. 

inner margin and terminal area tinged with brown ; a slight 
sinuous grcj subbasal line from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line grey-white, very oblique, sinuous; two black points at 
angles of cell ; a faint sinuous dark line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line grey-white, obliquely excurved from 
costa to vein 5, then slightlj' incurved and below vein 1 bent 
inwards to inner margin and running along it to antemedial line ; 
a band of violaceous grey suffusion beyond it and some white 
points on costa : subterminal line very oblique and white from 
costa to vein 5, then indistinct, grey, excurved, angled inwards in 
submedian fold and whitish towards inner margin ; a terminal 
scries of minute wliite points at the extremities of the veins ; cilia 
with slight grey lines at base and middle. Hind wing dark glossy 
brown ; cilia with brown line near base and greyish tips ; the 
imderside brown, the costal area tinged with rufous and irrorated 
with white, some grej^ suffusion in and beyond cell, a dark discoidal 
lunule and curved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing much deeper chocolate-red. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trvjillo), 1 $, Coatepec (BrooJcs), 1 6; 
Gttatemala, Volcau deAtitlan (CJunnpion), 1 2 ; Costa IiicA,Cande- 
laria Mts. (Underwood), 1 J; Panama, Chiriqui {Champion), 1 c? , 
Godman-Salvin Coll.,Cana Mines (Tylecote), 1 d ; Trinidad (Kaye), 
1 c? ; Venezuela, Aroa, 4 (5, 1 5; W. Colombia, San Antonio 
{Palmer), 1 S ; Peku, S. Domingo {OcJcenden), 1 c? . Exp. ?tQ- 
40 millim. 



4471. Calymniodes bilineata. 

Caradrina bilineata Mssn. Stiibel's Reise, p. 142, pi. vi. f. 18 (1890). 

S. Head and thorax deep red-brown, the hairs tipped with 
greyish ; ]iectus and legs fuscous brown, the tarsi ringed Avith 
ochreous ; abdomen fuscous brown. Fore wing dark red-brown; 
antemedial line violaceous white, oblique, straight except that it is 




Fig. 41.- — Calymniodes hilincaia, (^ . \. 

slightly angled outwards in submedian fold ; orbicular represented 
by an indistinct round fiery -red spot, the reniform by some red 
scales ; an indistinct blackish slightly curved medial line ; post- 
medial line violaceous white, oblique from costa to discal fold, 
incurved to submedian fold, then excurved and bent inwards to 
inner margin, a band of slight violaceous-grey suffusion beyond it 



CALYMSKlDES. IcO 

except at costa and inner margin and the veins slightly streaked 
with wliito to the siibterminal line ; some white points on post- 
medial part of costa ; subterminal line inwardly obliqne and white 
from costa to vein 7, then indistinct, greyish, angled ontwards at 
vein 7 and inwards at discal and submedian folds; cilia golden 
brown with a tine white line at base. Hind wing brown with a 
cupreous tinge ; a faint discoidal lunule and fine white line at base 
of cilia; the underside dark brown slightly irrorated with white 
and the costal area with red, a blackish discoidal spot and curved 
postmedial line. 

IJab. Ecuador, Guayaquil; S.E. Peru, S. Domingo, 0000', 1 <S • 
Exp. 38 millim. 

4472. Calymniodes nifula. (Plate CXL. fig. 22.) 

Caltjmniodcs rufula, Dogn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. li. p. 238 (1907). 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen red-brown, the head and tegulas 
brighter rufous ; tarsi ringed with whitish. Eore wing red- 
brown; antemedial line greyish ochreous, oblique from costa to 
above inner margin to which it is bent inwards ; orbicular orange, 
small, elliptical ; reniform small, defined by orange, constricted at 
middle and forming a figure-of-8-shaped mark ; an indistinct 
diffused dark medial shade ; postmedial line greyish ochreous, 
excurved from costa to vein 5, then incurved and escurved below 
submedian fold ; subterminal line greyish ochreous, slightly incurved 
at submedian fold ; cilia with a fine whitish line at base. Hind 
wing red-brown with a greyish tinge ; an indistinct brown discoidal 
lunule ; cilia with a fine whitish line at base ; the underside red- 
brown irrorated with greyish, a dark discoidal lunule, indistinct 
diffused sinuous postmedial line, and traces of diffused subterminal 
band. 

Hah. Colombia, Micay, type t S in Coll. Dognin, San Antonio 
{Palmer), 1 cS ; S.E. Peru, S. Domingo. Exp. 44 millim. 

*4473. Calymniodes xanthia. (Plate CXL. fig. 23.) 

Cosmia xanthca, D. Jones, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1908, p. 164. 

S . Head and thorax fulvous yellow ; palpi, sides of frons, and 
antennae fuscous ; metathorax with fuscous jiatch ; pectus and legs 
greyish suff'used with fuscous, the fore coxae fulvous, the tarsi 
slightly ringed with whitish ; abdomen greyish fulvous tinged with 
brown, l^'ore wing fulvous yellow, the inner margin before ante- 
medial line and the terminal area tinged with brown ; a slight 
subbasal line angled outwards below costa and ending at submedian 
fold ; antemedial line fuscous defined by a few white scales on 
inner side, sliglitly excurved below costa, then very oblique ; 
orbicular faintly defined by brown, round ; reniform obsolete ; a 
faint oblique medial line with blackisfi points on the veins ; post- 
medial line fuscous slightly defined by whitish on outer side. 



136 



■NocxriD-T:. 



oblique from costa io vein 5, then incurved, excurved in submedian 
inters2:)ace and bent inwards to inner margin ; an indistinct 
whitish su*bterminal line defined by brownish snfFnsion on inner 
side, obiiqne to vein 6, incurved at middle and below vein 2 and 
bent outwards to tornus ; cilia dark brown with a fine white line 
at base. Hind wing yellowish white irrorated Avith brown on the 
veins and terminal area ; a dark discoidal spot; cilia dark brown 
with a fine white line at base ; the underside with the costal area 
suffused with yellow and slightly irrorated with brown, a black 
discoidal spot and rather diffused postmedial line excurved from 
costa to vein 8. 

llah. Brazil, Castro Paraiia, type t in Coll. D. Jones. Exp. 32 
millira. 

4474. Calymniodes infirma. (Plate CXL. fie-. 24.) 

Carudrina infirma, Scliaus, Trans. Am. Ent. S(jc. xxi. p. 236 (1894). 

$. Head and thorax ochreous-brown, the scales tipped Avith 
grey, the vertex of tliorax pale rufous ; tarsi brown wuth pale 
rings ; abdomen pale reddish brown. Pore wing pale ochreous 
brown slightly mixed with grey, the costal area tinged with 
ochreous except at apex ; subbasal line very indistinct, straight, 
from costa to vein 1 ; traces of a double, oblique, slightly sinuous 
antcmedial line ; orbicular and reiiiform very small, faintly defined 
by broAvn ; an indistinct sinuous brown medial line ; postmedial 
line very indistinct, bent outwards below costa and oblique below 
vein 4 ; subterminal line indistinct, pale, defined by brownish 
suffusion on inner side, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; the 
terminal area rather browner ; a fine Avhite line at base of cilia. 
Hind wing Avbitish tinged Avith brown, the veins and terminal area 
rather darker; a fiiie Avhite line at base of cilia; the underside 
Avhitish, the costnl and terminal areas irrorated Avith brown, the 
former tinged Avith ochreous, a small discoidal spot and traces of 
postmedial line. 

Hah. W. Colombia, San Antonio {Painter), 1 J , 1 $ ; Ukazil, 
Castro Paraiia (D. Jones), 1 $ . Exp. 30 millim. 

4475. Calymniodes conchylis. (Plate CXL. fig. 25.) 

Celcena conchylis, Guen. Noct. i. p. 223 (]8.')2). 

Head and tegulge fiery red mixed with orange ; palpi and 
anlcnnfe red-brown, the latter Avith the basal joint Avhite ; thorax 
rcd-broAvn ; abdomen greyish suffused Avith red-brown. Fore wing 
glossy red-broAvn slightly irrorated with black except on terminal 
area, the postmedial area Avith a greyish gloss ; a slight streak of 
fiery scales below base of costa ; antemedial line very indistinct, 
oblique ; claviform represented by an oblicpie pure white striga 
with some fiery scales before and beyond it; orbicular pure white, 
heart-shaped, its apex towards base on the antemedial line ; 
reniform pure white, trilobate, with small fiery-red discoidal lunule 



CALTMNIODES. 137 

on it with yellowish ceuire ; an oblique black somewhat sinuous 
medial line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line black, erect from costa to vein 6 where it is angled outwards, 
then dentate and somewhat oblique, verj' near the subterminal line 
which is formed of small indistinct red lunule^, obsolete towards 
costa ; a series of very indistinct reddish marks just before termen. 
Hind wing white, the inner margin tinged with red-brown, the 
terminal ai'ca suffused with red-brown, in female wholly tinged 
with brown; a faint discoidal point and fine postmedial line; the 
underside ochrcous white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated 
with brown, a black discoidal lunule and sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Venezuela, Aroa, 1 $ ; Bkazil, Organ Mts., Tijuca 
{Wufjner), 1 $ , Eio Janeiro {Wilson), 2 d . Exp. 26-32 millim. 

4476. Calymniodes acamas. (Plate CXL. fig. 26.) 

Noctua, acamas, Herr.-SchiifF. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 500(1869); Di'uce, 
A. M. N. H. (8) iii. p. 469 (1909). 

Head fiery red with some rufous on vertex ; palpi rufous ; 
antenna? brown with the basal joint white ; thorax rufous, tho 
tegulte with fierj'-red and yellow patches at base, the dorsum with 
red and yellow stripe ; tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen rufous. 
Fore wing rufous, the base and costal area to beyond middle 
suftused with fiery red and yellowish ; subbasal line represented by 
a yellow striga from costa with white point beyond it in cell ; 
antemedial line indistinct, dark, defined on inner side by yellow 
except towards costa, oblique, sinuous ; claviform represented by 
an oblique white mark at upper extremity defined by black above ; 
orbicular pure white, elliptical, its outer edge somewhat excised ; 
reniform pure white interrupted at middle by an oblique blood-red 
mark, oblique, expanding and rather bilobed above, with Avhito 
point beyond its lower extremity ; an indistinct oblique black line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line black, 
bent outwards and obsolescent below costa, then oblique, minutely 
dentate and produced to black points on the veins, some slight 
j-ellow ])oints beyond it on costa ; subterminal line yellowish 
defined on inner side by brown, slightly excurved below vein 7 and 
incurved at discal fold, then minutely waved ; a slight black 
terminal line with white points at the veins. Hind wing cupreous 
red-brown with blackish discoidal spot ; the underside rather 
whiter, the costal area and terminal area to vein 3 irrorated with 
red-brown, a black discoidal spot and sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. Venezuela ; S.E. Peeu, Oconeque, La Oroya (Ocl-enden), 
3 d", Quinton, S. Domingo (OcJcenden), 1 $ . Exj). 28-32 millim. 

*4477. Calymniodes pyrostrota. (Plate CXL. fig. 27.) 

Calijnuiiodcii pyrosirota, Pogn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. li. p. 237 (1907). 
$ . Head and thorax fiery red, the patagia and metathoracic 



138 KocruiD-TD. 

crest rcd-bro-wn ; palpi red-brown except at tips ; jicctus and legs 
red-brown, the tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen red-brown, the 
anal tuft and ventral surface rufous. Fore wing fiery red sulFused 
in parts with red-brown, especially on medial area except towards 
costa and in submedian fold and on terminal area ; subbasal lino 
indistinct, yellow, from costa to submedian lold ; antemedial lino 
indistinct, double, iilled in with yellow towards costa, oblique, 
minutely waved ; claviform represented by an oldique silvery-white 
streak on its iipper edge, the orbicular by an obliqne silvery-white 
Y-sh;iped mark just beyond antemedial line ; reniform yellow and 
rod with oblique silvery-white bar on its inner edge and slight 
oblique line on outer with minute point below it; a blackish medial 
line, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly 
oblique : postmedial line double, black filled in with greyish and 
with red at costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, then 
minutely waved, oblique to vein 6, then inwardly oblique ; the 
veins of terminal area with slight dark streaks ; subterminal line 
represented by a series of reddish striae slightly defined by brown 
on inner side and somewhat bent inwards at vein 2 ; a fine red- 
brown terminal line ; cilia red-brown with slight pnnctiform pale 
Hue at base. Hind wing greyish tinged with brown, the terminal 
area darker ; an indistinct discoidal spot and diffused sinuous 
postmedial line ; cilia pale red-brown with a fine dark line near 
base ; the underside pale tinged with brown, the costal and terminal 
areas irrorated with red-brown, a dark discoidal hinule, sinuous 
postmedial line, and indistinct dift'used subterminal line. 

Hah. S. E. Peku, Carabaya, S. Domingo {Ockenden), 1 c7 , 1 $. 
Exp. 32 millim. Type t $ in Coll, Dognin. 

*4478. Calymniodes turcica. (Plate CXL. fig. 28.) 

Calymniodes turcica, Druce, A. M. N. II. (8) i. p. 301 (1908), 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with red-brown and mixed with 
rufous ; tarsi red-brown ringed with white ; abdomen pale rufous. 
Fore wing silky greyish suffused with red-brown ; some blackish 
marks at base; subbasal line represented by diffused black spots 
below costa and cell ; antemedial line indistinctly double, oblique, 
minutely waved, interrupted, angled inwards at vein 1 ; claviform 
represented by an oblique white striga defined by black at its 
extremity ; orbicular represented by a silvery-white crescent 
with white point above it, both defined by black ; the reniform 
with two oblique white strise on inner side, a yellowish bar at 
middle with white striga beyond it and white point at lower 
extremity, all defined by black, some blackish suffusion before and 
beyond it ; medial line dift'used, bkckish, oblique from costa to 
reniform, inwardly oblique from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line double, black filled in with grey, the 
outer line indistinct, bent outwai'ds below costa, then minutely 
dentate, incurved below vein 5, some white points beyond it on 
costa; subterminal line with an oblique grey bar from costa, then 
very indistinct and with black spot at inner margin ; a terminal 



CALYMNIODES. 139 

series of black striae with whitish points between them. Hind 
wing red-brown with blackish discoidal bar; cilia with a line 
whitish line at base ; the underside grey tinged with red-brown, 
the costal and terminal areas irroratcd with red-brown, a black 
discoidal spot, curved maculate postmedial line, diffused subtermiual 
baud, and terminal series of black stria?. 

Huh. S.E. Peku, S. Domingo (OcZ-'encieH), type f in Coll. Drucc. 
E.vp. 30 millim. 

Sect. II. Male without seconclavy sexual chai-acters. 

A. Fore wing with the orbicular and i-enilbrm not fdled in 

with black. 
a. Fore wing with the orbiculur not white. 

«i. Fore wing with the tuedial area whitish tinged with 
rufous. 
ar. Fore wing with the anteniedial line strongly in- 
curved from costa to above inner margin orhica. 

b^. Fore wing with the anteniedial line nearly straight 
i'rom costa to above inner margin. 

a?. Fore wing with the reniform oblique latifastia. 

h^. Fore wing with the reniform erect incsochrua. 

b^. Fore wing willi the medial area whitish or pale more 
or less suffused with brown. 

a-. Fore wing with the reniform erect albiorbis. 

b'. Fore wing with the reniform oblique. 

a^. Fore wing with the antemeclial line oblique, 
waved. 
«•*. Fore wing with the basal area white except 

towards costa amjMpIagn. 

a*. Fore wing with the ba.sal area brown. 

a^. Fore wing with the medial area whitish n<svia. 

b^. Fore wing with the medial area hardly paler 

than the ground-colour melagona. 

63. Fore wing with the antemedial line angled out- 
wards below costa and inwards at vein 1 aj~icric7is. 

("1. Fore wing with the costal half of medial area yellow . puria. 
h. Fore wing with the orbicular pure white. 

a'. Fore wing with the reniform defined by white points 

on inner edge dislocata,. 

i'. Fore wing with the reniform with white annulus 

angled inwards on median nervure to orbicular rctracia. 

B. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform filled in with 

black fuscoma. 

4479. Calymniodes orbica, n. sp. (Plate CXL. fig. 29.) 
Iladcna latifascia, Druce, Eiol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 294 (part, nee Wlk.). 

Head fuscous brown ; tegulae rufous ; thorax ochreous tinged 
with rnfoiis, the extremities of patagia dark brown ; tibia) and 
tarsi blackish ringed with white; abdomen greyish suffused with 
fuscous brown, the anal tuft rufous. Pore wing with the basal 
area rufous ; an oblique waved black subbasal line defined by 
ochreous on inner side from costa to submedian fold, with a greyish 
fuscous patch bej'ond it to antemedial line, which is double, the 
inntr line black, the outer rufous, filled in with ochreous, incurved 
from costa to median nervure, then very oblique to middle of inner 
margin ; medial area ochreous tinged with rufous ; claviform 



140 NOCTTJIDiE. 

represented by a dark point at its extremity ; orbicular wbite 
slightly defined by rufous and with dark point in centre, round ; 
renit'orm very narrow and oblique, curved, concave towards base, 
slightly defined by rufous and its centre by rufous ; an obliquely 
curved rufous medial shade, difl:used on inner side ; postmedial line 
double filled in with rufous, the inner line black, the outer fuscous, 
very minutely sinuous, oblique from costa to vein 6 and inwardly 
oblique below vein 2, the area beyond it fuscous with a greyisii 
tinge and with some ochreous points on costa ; subterminal line 
represented by a series of ochreous lunules defined on inner side by 
slight dentate black marks and expanding into diffused patches at 
apex and tornus, slightly angled outwards at veins 7, 6, -4, 3 ; a 
fine black terminal line with white points at the extremities of the 
veins. Hind wing pale suffused with brown, the terminal area 
darker, a slight blackish discoidal lunule ; cilia whitish with a 
brown line through them ; the underside whitish, the costal and 
terminal areas irrorated with brown, a black discoidal lunule, 
sinuous postmedial line e:spanding into spots below costa and at 
discal and submedian folds, diffused siibterminal band from costa 
to vein 4, and terminal series of slight lunules. 

Hub. Guatemala, Cerro Zunil {Champion), 1 S fype ; Panama, 
Chiriqui (Champion), 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Vknezuela, Area, 
1 d , 1 $ . Kvp. ^8-30 millim. 

4480. Calymniodes latifascia. 

Hadena latifascia, Wlk. xxxiii. 730 (1865) ; Dnice, Eiol. Ceiitr.-Am., Het. 

i. p. 294. 
Calymnia oryx, Felcl. Eeis. Nov. pi. lO'J. f. 35 (1874). 

Head and thorax dark reddish brown, the metathorax more 
rufous ; abdomen dnrk brown, the anal tuft and ventral surface 
greyish. Pore wing fuscous brown with a greyish tinge, the 
medial area ochreous sufl'used with rufous ; subbasal line re- 
presented by small black marks below costa and cell ; antemedial 




Fig. 42. — Calymniodes latifascia, (^ 



line double, black filled in with rufous, slightly sinuous ; claviform 
represented by a black point at its extremity : orbicular small, 
round, pale ochreous slightly defined by brown and with dark point 
in centre ; reniform very narrow and oblique, pale ochreous slightly 
defined by brown, its centre very narrow and defined by rufous, 
some brown suffusion iu cell before it ; an indistinct medial line. 



CALYMNIODES. 1-Jl 

oblique from costa to median nervure, then waved ; postmedial line 
double, the outer line indistinct, minutely waved, very oblique 
from costa to vein 6 where it is acutely angled outwards, then bent 
inwards to lower extremity of reniform and obli(]ue to inner 
martfin near tornus, some black suffusion before it beyond the 
reniform, some pale points beyond it on costa; subtermiiial line 
represented by a diffused dentate black mark below costa with some 
rufous beyond it, then by a series of minute black points in the 
interspaces; cilia with a fine pale line at base. Hind wing brown 
with a reddish gloss, somewhat paler at base ; cilia with a fine whitish 
line at base ; the underside whitish irrorated with fuscous, the 
terminal area suffused with fuscous, a large black discoidal spot and 
sinuous postmedial line with dark spots below costa and at discal 
and subraedian folds. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (TrujiUo), 1 5 , Coatepec (Brools), 1 5 ■, 
Vera Paz {Champion), 1 $ , Godman-Salviu Coll. ; Vej^ezctela 
{Dyson), 1 $ type. Exp. 30-34 millim. The type has the 
abdomen of a d" stuck on. 

4481. Calymniodes mesochroa, n. sp. (Plate CXL. fig. 30.) 
Hadena lati fascia, Dnice, Biol. Oentr.-Am., Het. i. p. 294 (part. neeWlk.). 

S . Head and thorax bright rufous, palpi whitish in front ; tarsi 
with sliglit pale rings ; abdomen pale riifous. Pore wing red- 
brown suffused with greyish, the medial area ochreous white 
tinged with rufous ; subbasal line represented by two slight dark 
jjoints on costa; antemedial line ei'ect, very slightly sinuous; 
claviform represented by a black point at its extremity ; orbicular 
with very indistinct brown annulus, round ; reniform very narrow, 
with brown centre and whitish annulus i'aintly defined by brown ; 
medial line blackish diffused and slightly waved towards costa, 
then indistinct, brown ; a black line inwardly oblique from costa to 
reniform, then forming the outer edge of reniform, then incurved 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin, the fuscous postmedial 
line approximated to it except beyond cell where it is exourved and 
minutely dentate, slightly defined by Avhitish on inner side, some 
whitish points beyond it on costa; subterminal line very indistinct, 
whitish defined on inner side by slight blackish marks except 
towards costa, very minutely angled outwards at veins 7, 4, 3 ; 
a terminal series of black points. Hind wing red-brown somewhat 
paler at base ; cilia red-brown at base, white at tips ; the under- 
side pale suffused with rufous, a dark discoidal point, slight 
punctiform postmedial line, and tine dark terminal line. 

Hah. Panama, Bugaba {Champion), 1 J type. Exp. 22 millim. 

4482. Calymniodes albiorbis. (Plate CXL. fig. 31.) 

Calymniodes albiorbis, Druce, A. M. N. H. (8) i. p. 301 (f908j. 

Head yellowish with some brown on vertex and at sides of palpi ; 
antennae brown ; thorax dark red-brown, the tegular whitish at 



142 NocruiD.^:. 

tips ; pectus whitish ; tarsi with pale rings ; abdomen red-brown, 
whitish at base, the anal tuft yellowish tinged with rufous. Fore 
wing dark red-brown, the medial area whitish tinged with yellowish 
and rufous ; subbasal line represented by a slight pale striga from 
costa ; antemedial line blackish defined by whitish on outer side, 
angled outwards at subcostal nervure and submedian fold and 
incurved at vein 1 ; claviform very small, white defined at ex- 
tremity by black ; orbicular pure white with two faint dark spots 
in centre, oblique, elliptical ; reniform with white annulus, its 
centre yellowish at middle, dark brown above and below, narrow, 
angled inwards on median nervure to the orbicular, a black-brown 
patch between them in cell with another above it on costa ; 
traces of an incurved brown line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin where it expands into a patch ; postmedial line black 
slightly defined on outer side by whitish, bent outwards below 
costa, then minutely dentate, incurved below vein 5, some whitish 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line indistinct, pale, slightly 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a slight dark terminal line ; 
cilia greyish mixed with brown, a dark line near base. Hind wing 
whitish tinged with brown especially on terminal area ; a dark 
discoidal spot ; cilia whitish mixed with brown, a dark line near 
base ; the underside with the costal and terminal areas irrorated 
and suffused with brown, a black discoidal spot and rather diffused 
postmedial line incurved below vein 3. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the medial area nearly pure white, the 
markings almost obsolete. 

Hub. S.E. Peru, S. Domingo (OcJcenden), 1 cJ , Oconeque. 
Exp. 20-24 millim. Type f in Coll. Druce. 

4483. Calymniodes ampliplaga. (Plate CXL. fig. 32.) 
CeloBna amfliplaga, Wlk. xv. 1687 (1858). 

S . Head and tegulae ochreous mixed with red-brown ; thorax 
greyer ; pectus and legs pale rufous, fore and mid tibiaj with 
fuscous bands, the tarsi fuscous with pale rings ; abdomen grey- 
brown. Fore wing pale red-brown with slight fuscous suffusion on 
terminal area, the basal and medial areas except at costa and the 
antemedial area below the cell grey-white ; subbasal line repre- 
sented by two black striae from costa; antemedial line double 
towards costa, oblique, waved, with some blackish before it iu cell ; 
orbicular very faintly define, odblique elliptical ; reniform in- 
distinctly defined, with fuscous centre ; medial line represented by 
an oblique black striga from costa ; postmedial line black defined 
by whitish on outer side with fuscous sufiusion beyond it, ver^^ 
slightly angled outwards below costa, oblique to vein 5, then 
incurved, some white points with black streaks between them 
beyond it on costa ; the veins of terminal area slightly streaked 
with black ; an oblique white shade from apex ; subterminal line 
indistinct, pale, slightly defined on each side by fuscous, excurved 
at veins 7, 6 and at middle ; cilia chequered fuscous and grey with 



CALYMNIODES. 143 

white line at base. Hind wing grej'ish suffused with brown ; cilia 
white with a brown line tlirough them ; the underside pale 
rufous. 

Ilab. Haiti (Tweedie), 1 c? type. E.vp. 30 millim. 

4484. Calymniodes naevia. (Plate CXLI. fig-. 1.) 

Celcena nmvia, Guen. Noct. i. p. 223 (1852). 

Hadena latifascia, Druce, Eiol. Centr.-Aui., Het. i. p. 294 (part, nee Wlk.). 

Head and thorax dark red-brown, the palpi blackish, the meta- 
thorax rufous and ochreous ; pectus greyish ; tarsi black ringed 
with white; abdomen greyish suffused with red-brown. Fore 
wing dark reddish brown with a greyish gloss, the medial area grey 
irrorated with brown ; subbasal line double filled in with rufous, 
angled outwards below costa and ending at submcdian fold in 
which there is a black streak from it to the antcmedial line, which 
is double tilled in with rufous, slightly sinuous and incurved from 
costa to above inner margin where it is bent outwards ; clavitorm 
represented by a brown point at its extremity ; orbicular with 
brown centre and whitish annulus defined b}^ brown, round ; 
reniform very narrow and oblique, whitish defined b}^ brown, its 
centre defined by brown and constricted at middle; an indistinct 
waved medial line, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell ; a black 
streak in discal fold from the reniform to the postmedialline, which 
is minutely dentate, very oblique from costa to vein 6 where it is 
angled, then nearly erect, some pale points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line very indistinct, pale, defined on inner side by 
small dentate black marks below costa, then by some small black 
spots, somewhat excurved below vein 7 and at middle; a fine black 
terminal line ; cilia with fine pale lino at base. Hind wing pale 
suffused with reddish brown, the terminal area rather darker ; 
cilia white with slight brown line through them ; the underside 
grey-white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with dark 
brown, a large black discoidal spot and sinuous postmedial line with 
blackish spots at discal and submedian folds. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (TrKJiUo, Schaus), 3 c? , Coatepcc {Brools), 
1 c?; Guatemala, Volcan de Atitlan (Chamjvon), 1 (^ , Duenas 
{Champion), 1 $ ■> Godraan-Salvin Coll. ; S.E. Peru, S. Domingo ; 
Brazil, llio Janeiro ( Wilson), 1 (^ . Exp. 28-34 millim. 

4485. Calymniodes melagona, n. sp. (Plate CXLI. fig. 2.) 

Hadena latifascia, Druce, Biol. Centi-.-Aiii., Ilet. i. p. 294 (part, nee Wlk.). 

Head and thorax dark red-brown mixed with blackish, the meta- 
thorax ochreous tinged with rufous ; tarsi black ringed with white ; 
abdomen fuscous brown. Fore wing pale red-brown, the basal and 
lerminal areas suffused with fuscous, the medial area irrorated 
with dark brown ; subbasal line indistinct, double, waved, from 
costa to submedian fold in which there is a black streak from it to - 
the autemedial line, which is double filled in with rufous, slightly 



144 NOCTUlDiE, 

waved, oblique ; claviform slightlj' defined b)' blackish above 
towards extremity ; orbicular small, round, with fuscous centre and 
pale annulus defined by brown ; reniform very narrow and oblique, 
somewhat constricted at middle, with whitish annulus defined by 
black and brown centre with whitish striga on it ; an indistinct 
minutely waved medial black line, oblique from costa to lower 
angle of cell ; a black streak in discal fold from the reniform to the 
postmedial line, which is double, the outer line indistinct, minutely 
waved, very oblique from costa to vein 6 where it is acutely angled, 
then incurved, some pale points beyond it on costa ; faint traces of 
a diffused rufous subrerminal line, defined on inner side by a 
wedge-shaped black mark below costa, then by some black points ; 
a terminal series of slight dark strise with minute whitish points at 
extremity of the veins. Hind wing pale red-brown, the terminal 
area rather darker ; a slight dark discoidal lunule : cilia white 
with a brown line near base ; the underside grey-wliite irrorated 
Avith brown, a large black discoidal spot and sinuous postmedial 
line with blackish spots below costa and at discal and submedian 
folds. 

Ilah. Mexico, Jalapa {Trujillo), 3 c5' , 1 $, type, Coatepec 
(Brooks), 1 5; Guatkmala., Volcan de Atitlau {Champion), 1 c? ; 
Costa Rica, Candelaria Mts. {Underwood), 1 cf , Godmau-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 28-30 millim. 

4486. Calymniodes aperiens. (Plate CXLI. fig. 3.) 

Hadena aperiens, Wlk. xi. 755 (1857); Druce, Biol. Cenlr.-Aiu., Ilet. i. 
p. 294 k ii. p. 487. 

Head reddish brown, the vertex and pali)i at sides suffused with 
fuscous ; thorax fuscous black with reddish-ochreous patch on 
metathorax ; pectus and legs fuscous brown, the tarsi ringed with 
whitish ; abdomen pale fuscous brown. Fore wing with the basal 
area fuscous with some rufous on inner margin, the medial area 
rufous slightly irrorated with black; the terminal area fuscous; 
subbasal line represented bj"- slight double dark strife from costa 
and cell tilled in with rufous ; antemedial line double tilled in with 
rufous, angled outwards below costa, inwardly oblique to vein I 
and bent outwards above inner margin ; claviform narrow and 
elongate, slightly defined by blackish at extremity only ; orbicular 
defined by black and with fuscous centre, small, round ; reniform 
very narrow and oblique, defined by black, its centre very narrow, 
defined by brown and with blackish spot at lower extremity ; a 
rather indistinct medial line, oblique and waved from costa to 
median nervure, then dentate ; postmedial line double tilled in with 
rufous, minutely waved, oblique from costa to vein 6, then almost 
erect, some slight pale points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
rufous, waved, rather ditlused and expanding into patches at apex 
and tornus, defined on inner side by a slight wedge-shaped black 
mark below costa and slightly angled outwards at veins 7 and 4 ; 



CALYJINIODES. 145 

a terminal series of black points defined on inner side by slight 
rufous lunules ; a fine pale line at base of cilia. Hind wing white, 
the veins and costal and terminal areas suffused with brown, tho 
last narrowing to tornus ; a small discoidal spot ; cilia white with 
a brown line through them ; the underside with the costal and 
terminal areas irrorated with brown, a diffused fuscous mark at 
middle of costa, black discoidal spot, faint sinuous postmedial lino 
with dark spots below costa and at discal and submediau folds, and 
terminal series of striae. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa {Trvjillo), 1 J; Guatemala, Volcan de 
Atitlan {Champion), 1 S ■> Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Venezuela 
{Dyson), 1 J , 1 $ type. Evp. 24-30 millim. 



4487. Calymniodes parta. (Plate CXLI. fig. 4.) 
Perigea jparta, Schaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 230 (1894). 

5 . Head ochreous, the palpi brown at sides ; thorax bright 
rufous, the tegulae tipped with white ; tarsi ringed with white ; 
abdomen red-brown mixed with greyish. Fore wing bright 
rufous, the medial part of vein 1 irrorated with black and white ; 
subbasal line represented by double blackish striae from costa and 
cell ; antemedial line almost medial, indistinct, double, oblique from 
costa to submedian fold, then incurved ; the medial area orange- 
yellow irrorated with red from costa to submedian fold ; claviform 
small, slightly defined by brown ; orbicular and reniform with 
whitish annuli defined by brown, the former round, the latter 
somewhat constricted at middle and with black points in upper 
and lower parts ; a brown medial line excurved from below costa 
to below cell, then oblique ; postmedial line double filled in with 
whitish towards costa, bent outwards below costa, excurved to 
vein 5, then incurved, some white points beyond it on costa ; sub- 
terminal line yellowish, excurved below vein 7 and at middle and 
bent outwards to tornus ; a fine whitish line at base of cilia. Hind 
wing fuscous brown with a reddish tinge, grej'ish towards base ; 
cilia ochreous white with a brown line through them ; the underside 
grey- white very thickly irrorated with brown, a black discoidal spot 
and indistinct diffused postmedial line. 

Hab. Bkazil, Castro Parana {D. Jones), 1 5 • Exp. 22 millim. 



4488. Calymniodes dislocata. (Plate CXLI. fig. .5.) 

Celmna dislocata, Wlk. x. 266 (1856). 

§ . Head and thorax red-brown with a few white scales mixed, 
basal joint of antennae white at extremity, tegulae tipped with 
white ; tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen greyish brown. Fore 
wing red-brown with some yellow mixed especially on basal area ; 

VOL. IX. L 



146 ISOCTVJU.Ti. 

siibbasal line brown, waved, from costa to submedian fold; ante- 
medial line double, minutely wared, erect ; orbicular pure white 
defined by a few black scales, somewhat oblicjue elliptical ; reniform 
very indistinctly defined, narrow and constricted at middle, with 
some white points on its inner edge ; postmedial line defined by 
yellow on each side at costa, strongly bent outwards below costa, 
then double, minutely waved and produced to black and grey poiuts 
on the veins, incurved below vein 4, some slight fuscous sufliision 
beyond it except towards costa and inner margin and some white 
points on costa; subterminal line formed of small yellow spots 
defined by brown on inner side, angled inwards at discal and sub- 
median folds, outwards below vein 7 and excurved at middle ; the 
veins of terminal area with slight dark streaks ; a slight dark 
terminal line with white points at the veins. Hind wing whitish 
tinged with red-brown, the terminal area suffused with red-brown ; 
cilia with white line at base, followed by a brown line and Avhite 
and brown tips ; the underside white irrorated with large red- 
brown scales except below the cell, a large blackish discoidal sjiot 
and diffused waved postmedial line from costa to vein 4. 
Bab. Venezuela {Dyson), 1 5 type. Exp. 26 millim. 



4489. Calymniodes retracta, n. sp. (Plate CXLI. fig. 6.) 

5 . Head and thorax dark reddish brown ; palpi with the 2iid 
and 3rd joints whitish at tips; tegulae and prothoracic crest whitish 
at tips; pectus, legs, and abdomen greyish suffused with red-brown. 
Fore wing dark reddish brown, the medial area and a patch on 
inner margin before antemedial line jellowish tinged with rufous ; 
subbasal line represented by slight blackish marks below costa and 
cell ; antemedial line blackish, angled inwards in cell and on vein 1 
and outwards in submedian fold ; claviform minute with pure white 
centre defined by black, acute at extremity ; orbicular pure white, 
small, oblique elliptical ; reniform with blackish centre and white 
annulus, narrow, constricted at middle and angled inwards on 
median nervure to the orbicular, the cell between them blackish, a 
dark mark above them on costa ; postmedial line blackish, bent 
outwards below costa, then minutely waved, incurved below vein 4, 
some white points beyond it on costa; subterminal line 5'ellowish, 
angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a blackish 
terminal line with minute white points at the veins and a blackish 
line at base of cilia. Hind wing grey-brown ; cilia w^hitish with 
dark line near base and some dark scales at tips ; the underside 
greyish suffused and irrorated with brown, a dark discoidal spot 
and diffused postmedial line excurved below costa. 

Hah. Pkku, Tinguri (Ockenden), 1 $ type. Eap. 22 millim. 



CAI-YMNI0DE3. IPIMORPHA. 147 



4490. Calymniodes fuscoma. (Plate CXLT. fig. 7.) 

Oligiafuscoma, Schaus, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxx. p. 102 (1906). 

2 . Head yellow ; palpi blackish at sides ; frons with lateral black 
bars ; thorax rufous, the base of teguliE yellow followed by a black 
line ; tarsi slightly ringed with white ; abdomen red-brown, the 
anal tuft pale rufous, fore wing with the basal and terminal areas 
ochreous tinged with brown, the medial and postmedial areas 
rufous irrorated with yellow ; subbasal line represented by an 
oblique brown striga from costa; antemedial line defined by yellow 
on inner side, angled outwards below costa and above inner 
margin ; orbicular and reuiform with black centres and fiery- 
orange annuli ; the former very small, elliptical, the latter small, 
rounded above and narrowing below, with some greyish before and 
beyond it ; a slight fiery-orange streak in submedian fold before 
the postmedial line, which is broadly defined by yellow on outer 
side, strongly bent outwards below costa and slightly incurved 
below vein 5, some small yellow spots defined by brown beyond ic 
on the veins and some small yellow spots on costa with yellow 
streak below them ; subterminal line yellowish, slightly excurvod 
at middle and bent outwards to tornus ; a terminal series of slight 
brown points: cilia rufous. Hind wing pale red-brown; cilia 
whitish with a pale rufous line through them ; the underside 
whitish, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with rufous, a 
blackish discoidal lunule and rather diffused curved postmedial 
line. 

Hah. Costa. K,ica, Irazu (Rogers), 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Brazil, Sao Paulo, in Coll. D. Jones. Edy. 24 millim. 



Genus IPIMORPHA. 

Type. 

Ipimorpha, Hiibn. Verz. p. 238 (1827) retusa. 

Plastenis, Boisd. In). Meth. p. 93 (1840) subtusa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, tbe 2iid joint reaching 
to middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd short; 
frons smooth, with tuft of hair ; eyes large, round ; antenn:e of male laminate 
and ciliated; thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales, the tegulfe produced 
to a dorsal ridge, the prothorax with sharp triangular crest, the metathorax 
with spreading crest ; tibiis moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with some 
rough hair at base and lateral fringes of hair, but without crests. Fore wing 
with the costa arched at base, then almost straight, the apex produced and 
acute, the tei-men typically excised below apex, then excurved, not crenulate • 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 trora 10 anas- 
tomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell; .5 obsolescent from middle of disoocellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

l2 



148 jrcciriD^. 

Sect. T. {IpimorjJiaj. Fore wing with the termen excised below apex, tJieu 
excurvfcd. 

4491. Ipimorpha retusa. 

Noctua retuaa, Linn. Faun. Suec. p. 321 (1761) ; Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 178. 
f. 1 ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 214 ; Dnp. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 145, 
pi. 82. f. 3 ; Frr. Beitr. iii. pi. 143 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 205. 

Noctua vet'ula, Hiibn. Beitr. pi. 2, H (1791). 

Noctua gracilis. Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 268 (1809) ; Steph. 111. Bi-it. Ent., 
Haust. iii. p. 57. 

Cosmia ctirvata, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1886, p. 131 . 

Head and thorax reddish brown slightly mixed with grey ; 
pectus with some whitish ; abdomen grey-brown, the ventral 
surface greyer. Fore wing reddish brown tinged with grey and 
with slight dark irroration, the costal area irrorated with whitish ; 



/^ 

^ 




Fig. 43. — Ipimorpha retusa, ^. \. 

subbasal line whitish, oblique, from costa to vein 1 ; antemedial line 
whitish defined by a brown shade on outer side, angled outwards 
below costa, then oblique, slightly excurved at submedian fold ; 
orbicular and reniform very large, dark brown with whitish annuli, 
the former ellij^tical and slightly constricted at middle, the latter 
strongly constricted at middle ; a rather diffused oblique sinuous 
brown line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line whitish slightly defined by brown on inner side and strongly 
on outer, arising from costa towards apex, oblique, slightly sinuous ; 
subterminal line slight, pale, defined by dark brown on outer side, 
minutely waved, oblique from costa to vein 5, excurved at middle 
and angled inwards in submedian fold ; a slight brown terminal 
line ; cilia with a slight brown line at middle. Hind wing glossy 
grey-brown ; cilia brownish white with a slight brown line near 
base ; the underside whitish tinged and irrorated with brown, a 
small brown discoidal spot, obliquely curved postmedial line and 
rather diffused subterminal line from costa to termen at submedian 
fold. 

Ab. 1. curvnta. Fore wing somewhat redder. — Japan. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Feance, Sand and Leech Colls. ; 
Germany, Zeller and Leech Colls. ; Austria, Leech Coll. ; Hungary ; 
Switzerland, Frey Coll.; N. Italy; S. Kussia, Leech Coll.; W. 
Siberia, Altai ; E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Yesso 
(Pryer), 3 S , Fukushima {Lewis), 1 ^ tvpe curvata, Yokohama 
(Pnjer), 2 $ . Ea-j). 36-34 millim. 



iPiMORi'nA. 149 

Larva. Mejr. Brit. Lep. p. 118; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 330, pi. 226. f. 1. 

Pale green ; broad dorsal, slender subdorsal and waved spiracular 
whitish lines; head yellow-green or black-brown. Food-plants: 
SalLv, Poplar, Birch, between leaves spun together. 5-6. 



Sect. II. Fore wing with the termen nearly straight from apex to vein 3, tben 
oblique. 

A. Hind wing of male with Tein 2 arising from towards base of 
cell and wiih semihyaliiie streaks above and below it. 

a. Fore wing with the pustmedial line hardly bent inwards 

to costa, the clavifurni and orbicular large ^^/co«cc//^sa-. 

b. Foro wing with the postinedial line strongly curved 

inwards to costa. 
«!. Fore wing grey-brown ; hind wing aiiffused with 

blown, the clavilbrni and orbicular snjall subveiea. 

6'. Fore wing ochreous white ; hind wing slightly tinged 

with brown, the orbicular large imnaimo. 

4492. Ipimorpha pleonectusa. 

Ipimorpha pleonectusa, Grote, Bull. Buff. Sue. Nat. Sci. i. p. 191 (1873); 

Smith, Oat. Noct. N. Am. p. 212. 
Culyinnia ceqwiiinea, Smith, Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. v. p. (57 (1882). 

Head and thorax red-brown tinged with greyish ; pectus whitish ; 
abdomen yellowish white dorsally tinged with red- brown. Fore 
wing yellowish suffused with red-brown, the costal edges pale 
yellow; subbasal line yellowish, from costa to submedian fold; 




Fig. 44. — Ipimurpka pleonectusa, (J. \. 

anteraedial line pale yellow, very oblique, straight ; claviform large, 
red-brown defined by pale 3^0110 w ; orbicular and reniform large, 
red-brown deKned by pale yellow, the former elliptical, the latter 
constricted at middle and slightly angled inwards on median 
nervure ; a diffused red-brown shade from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line pale yellow, almost straight ; sub- 
terminal line indistinct, yellowish white defined on inner side by a 
slight red-brown shade, excurved below costa and at middle and 
ending at tornus ; a terminal series of faint red-brown lunulas ; 
cilia with a slight vellowish line at base. Hind wing pale yellowish 
suffused with reddish broAvn ; cilia yellowish white ; the underside 



150 KOClCID^li. 

yellowish white faintly tinged with red-brown, a faint curved post- 
medial line. 

Ab. 1. Paler and less red. — Manitoba, Alberta. 

Hah. Canada, Eeufrew Co., 7 6-, Manitoba, Winnipeg, 2 c?, 
Alberta, Calgary ( Wolley-Dod), 1 c? , "i $ ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, 
New York, Evans Center, 2 S type, New Jersey, Utah, Colorado. 
Exy. 24-40 millim. 

Larva. Dyar, Pr. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxvii. p. 874 (1904). 

Head rounded, disii-like, yellowish white, w^hite on face which is 
edged by a heavy semicircular black band, jaws and sutures of 
mouth black ; body ilattened ventrally, somite 12 not enlarged ; 
translucent green; a bros,d dorsal white band on somites 3 to 13, 
narrowing in front ; thoracic shield green, not cornitied ; narrow 
subdorsal and substigmatal white lines ; legs tipped with black ; 
tubercles small, pale, white with dark hair point->, iv. at the lower 
corner of spiracles which are Avhite edged with black ; skin 
shagreened. Food-jjlant : Aspen, living in a dwelling formed of 
the leaves with a hole at the lower end. 



4493. Ipimorplia subvexa. (Plate CXLI. fig. 8.) 

Ipimorpha subvexa, Grote, Can. Ent. viii. p. 189 (1876); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 212. 

(5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen reddish brown mixed with grey ; 
antennae Avith the basal joint white, the shaft ringed with whitish; 
pectus mixed with whitish ; abdomen with the anal tuft tinged 
with rufous, the ventral surface whitish. Fore wing grey thickly 
irrorated with olive-ljrown ; subbasal line whitish, slightly angled 
inwards on median nervure and ending at submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line brown defined by pale yellow on inner side, oblique and 
slightly excurved at median nervure ; claviform very small, brown 
slightly defined by whitish ; orbicular and reuiform brown defined 
by whitish, the former small, elliptical, the latter large and con- 
stricted at middle ; a slight brown medial shade from lower angle 
of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line brown defined by pale 
yellow on outer side, obliquely curved from costa to discal fold, then 
straight, oblique ; subterminal line indistinct, whitish, defined on 
inner side by olive-brown suffusion, excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle, angled inwards at discal and submedian folds and bent 
outwards to tornus ; a terminal series of small brown lunules ; 
cilia brown with slight pale line at base and w-hitish tips. Hind 
wing whitish suff'ased with brown except on costal area ; cilia 
ochreous white with a broAvn line through them ; the underside 
ochreous white, the costal area irrorated wdth brown, a brown 
postmedial line from costa to discal fold. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas {Belfrage), 1 S type, Colorado. Exp. 
42 millim. 



ipiJionrHA. 151 

*4494. Ipimorpha nanaimo. (Plate CXLT. fig. 9.) 
Iplmuo-plia nanaimo, Earnes, Can. Ent. xxsvii. p. 196 (1905). 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white slightly tinged 
with browii. Fore wing ochreous white tinged with brown ; ante- 
medial line dark, oblique, slightly incurved at middle ; orbicular 
and reniform large, faintly defined, elliptical, the former produced 
to a slight point on outer side, the latter on inner side ; an oblique 
dark shade from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line dark, slightly excurved ; subterminal lime only defined by the 
terminal area being somewhat paler and slightly irrorated with 
black, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; costa and cilia towards 
apex reddish. Hind wing whitish faintly tinged with brown ; a 
diffused dark postmedial line. 

Nab. Canada, Br. Columbia, Victoria. Exj}. 39 millim. This 
species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in 
Coll. W. Barnes. 

B. {Plasteiiis). Hiud wing of male normal. 

4495. Ipimorpha subtusa. 

Noctua suhhisa, ScliifP. Wieu. Verz. p. 88 (1770); Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. 
p. 152(1787); Hiibn. Eur. SchmeU,., Noct. f. 213; Dup. Lep. Fr' vi! 
p. 148, 1)1. 82. f. 4 ; Frr. Beitr. i. pi. 10 ; Stepii. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. 
iii. p. 56 ; Stand. Oat. Lep. pal. p. 205. 

Head and thorax grey mixed with brown ; antennae whitish • 
pectus whitish; abdomen grey suffused with brown, the ventral 
surface whitish. Pore wing glossy grey suffused and irrorated 
with reddish brown, the medial area rather greyer ; subbasal line 
yellowish white, from costa to submedian fold; antemedial line 
brown defined by yellowish white on inner side, very oblique, 
straight ; claviform moderate, reddish brown defined by yellowish 
white ; orbicular and reniform large, reddish brown defined by 




Fig. 45. — Ipimorpha sii/i(usci, (j". }. 

yellowish white, the former ellii)tical, the latter constricted at 
middle ; a brown medial shade from costa to reniform and slightly 
incurved from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line 
brown defined by yellowish white on inner side, slightly excurved 
below costa and somewhat oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line 
very faint, whitish defined on inner side by a red-brown shade, 
angled outwards at vein 7 and inwards at discal fold, excurved at 
middle and incurved below '3 ; cilia reddish brown with a darker 



152 KOCTUlDiE. 

line at middle. Hind wing grey suffused with reddish brown ; a 
faint discoidal hmule ; cilia white tinged with ochreous at base ; 
the underside white, the costal area irrorated with brown ; a brown 
discoidal luiiule filled in with white, curved postmedial line and 
subterminal brown spot below vein 2. 

Hah. Eritain, Leech Coll.; France, Sand Coll. ; Gehmant, Zeller, 
Frej', and Leech Colls. ; Axtstria, Leech Coll. ; Hungary; Switzer- 
land ; N. IxALY ; lIussiA, Livonia, Zeller Coll., Sarepta; Armenia ; 
AV. Siberia, Altai : E. Siberia, Ussuri. Exp. 3-4-38 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 118 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 328, pi 225. f. 3. 

Pale yellowish green ; rather broad dorsal and narrow subdorsal 
pale yellow or whitish lines ; spiracular line pale yellow ; head 
yellow marked with black. Food-plants : Poplar and Aspen, 
between leaves spun together. 4-5. 



Genus MERISTIS. ^ 

Type. 

Mcristis, H iibn. Verz, p. 239 ( 1827) trigrammtca. 

Grammcsia, Steph. 111. Brit. Eiit., Haust. ii. p. 151 (1829) trigrammica. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and broadly scaled, the 3rd short, upturned ; frons smooth ; 
eyes large, round ; anlennaj of male serrate ; thorax clothed with hair and hair- 
like scales, the pro- and nietathorax with spreading crests ; tibite moderately 
fringed with hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base and lateral fringes 
of hair but without crests. Fore wing rather broad, the apex rectangular, the 
terraen evenly curved and hardly crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell , 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent 
from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 

4496. Meristis trigrammica. 

Koctua trigrammica, Hiifn. Berl. Mag. iii. p. 408 (1767); Esp. Schmett. 

iv. pi. 123. f. 6; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 195. 
i^octua trilinea, Schiif. Wien. Verz. p. 84(1776); Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., 

Noct. f. 216; Dup. Lep. Fr, vii. p. 103, pi. 107. f. 2; Steph. 111. Brit. 

Ent., Haust. ii. p. 152. 
Noctua quercus, Fabr. Spec. Ins. ii. p. 214 (1781). 
JS'ociua notacula, Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. p. 138 (1787). 
Phaleena quercicola, Gmel. Ed. Syst. Nat. 1, 5, p. 2535 (1788). 
Noctua bilinea, Hiibn. Eur. Schniett., Noct. f. 217 (1802) ; Steph. 111. Brit. 

Ent., Haust. ii. p. 152; Herr.-Schilff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 398. 
Grammesia ohscura, Tutt, Brit. Noct. i. p. 142 (1891). 
Grammesia fringm, Schultz, Soc. Ent. xiii. p. 153 (1899). 

Head and thorax ochreous white mixed with rufous ; palpi brown 
at sides ; abdomen wdiitish ochreous. Fore wing whitish ochreous 
irrorated with rufous; subbasal line brown, slightly waved, from 
costa to vein 1 ; antemedial line fine, brown, slightly bent inwards 
to costa and incurved above vein 1 ; medial line stronger, slightly 
angled outwards below costa and oblique below vein 1 ; postmedial 
line fine, brown, slightly angled outwards below costa and incurved 
below vein 4 ; a fine waved brown terminal line ; cilia reddish 



MEEISTIS. TEICIIOCOSMIA. 153 

brown. Hind wing whitish ochreous sufFused with brown except 
on costal area; cilia whitish at ti])S : the underside with the costal 
area irrorated with brown, a discoidal point, slight bar from middle 
of costa, and subterminal line from costa to vein 6. 




Fig. 46. — Mcristis trlgrammica, J. }. 

Ab. 1. hilinea. Fore wing suffused with brown, the medial line 
hardly traceable. 

Ab. 2. frinrjsi. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines 
absent, the medial line present. 

Hab. Eettain, Leech Coll.; France; Holland, Zeller Coll.; 
Germany, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls.; Austria, Frey Coll.; 
Hungary; Switzerland; Lialy ; Dalmatia, Leech Coll. ; Balkan 
States ; S. Scandinavia ; Russia, Livonia ; Armenia ; Asia Minor, 
Pontus. E.vji. 82-40 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. Vlo ; Barrett, Ltp. Brit. v. p. 297, pi. 222. f. 1. 

Greyish ochreous, dull reddish brown or dark grey ; dorsal line 
pale, black-edged at excisions ; subdor^-al line pale, interrupted, 
sometimes edged with blackish marks above; spiracular line 
brown; head brown. Food-plant: Plantago, subterranean in 
habit. 7-4. 

Genus TRICHOCOSMIA. 

Type. 
Trickocosmia, Grote, Can. Eiit. xv. p. 6 (] 883) inornata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint not 
reaching middle of frons aiid moderately fringed with scales in front, the ord 
short ; frons with slight roiuided prominence with corneous plate below it ; 
eyes large, round ; antennae of male ciliated; thorax clothed with hair and 
scales mixed, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax with spreading 
crest; tibiae slightly fringed with hair; abclonien with dorsal crest at baso 
only. Fore wing with the apes rounded, the termen evenly curved and not 
crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing witli the cell near base only. 

441)7. Trichocosmia inornata. 

Trichocosmia iiiornat a, Gvote, Can. Ent. xv. p. 6 (1883); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 210. 

Head and thorax white tinged with rufous ; abdomen white, tlie 
basal crest tipped with rufous. Fore wing white tinged with 
rufous ; antemedial line indistinct, rufous, slightly defined by 
whitish on inner side, erect, waved, with minide black points on 



154 



noctuid-t;. 



median nervure and vein 1 ; a small fuscous spot at lower angle 
of cell ; a faint diffused sinuous rufous medial line ; postmedial 
line indistinct, rufous, slightly defined by white on outer side, very 
minutely waved and with minute dark points on the veins, slightly 
excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique; subterminal line 



f^ 




Fig. 47. — Tricliocosmia inornata, (^ . \. 

indistinct, white slightly defined by rufous on inner side and some- 
what excarved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal series of 
slight dark points. Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the 
apex faintly tinged with rufous. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing without the dark spot at lower angle of cell 
ai;d points on the veins. 

Hab. U.S.A., Arizona, 1 J , Phoenix {Kunze), 19 d' , 10 $ . ^.ly. 
24-28 miliim. 



Genus BAGISARA. 
Bcujisara, Wlk. xv. 1770 (1S5S) 



Type. 

swbusta. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to vertex of 
liead and slender, the 3rd moderate ; frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennse 
ot male laminate and moderately ciliated ; thorax ciotlied ahiiust entirely with 
f-cales and witliout crests ; tibice moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with 
dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell ; fi from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form theareole ; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from an^le of cell; 5 obsolescent 
from below middle of diseocellulars ; 6, 7 from ujjper angle; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 

Skct. I. Fore wing witli the termen somewhat excised below apex and towards 
toi nus and excurved at middle. 

4498. Bagisara suljusta. 

Afc/hmia mliasta, Hiibn. Saiiiml. Exot. Schtnett. ii. p. 8, ff. 20.3-6 (1827) ; 

Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 290; Smith, Cut. Noct. JV. Am. 

p. 21.3. 
Atethnia iumta, Guen. Noct. ii. p. 12, pi. 8. f. 1 (1852) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 

N. Am. p. 214. 
Anfhophila ercchc, Wlk. xii. 828 (1857). 
Anomis dispartita, Wlk. xiii. 990 (1857). 
Foaphila congesta, Wlk. xv. 1838 (1858). 
Bac/isara incidcns, Wlk. xv. 1771 (1858). 
Laphjjgmatrllinea, Wlk. xxxii. 649 (1865). 

Head and thorax pale ochreous yellow ; tarsi tinged with brown ; 
abdomen pale yellow dorsally tinged with fulvous. Pore wing pale 
glossy ochreous yellow irr orated with pale brown ; the 1st line 
almost medial, brown defined by whitish on inner side, angled 
outwards below costa, then oblique and slightly incurved ; two 



BAGISAKA. 155 



black discoidal points ; postmedial line brown defined by whitish 
on outer side, excurved from costa to vein 5, then incurved ; sub- 
terminal line brown defined by whitish on outer side, excurved 
below costa, then slightly incurved ; a terminal series of black 




Fig. 48. — Bagisara suhtista, (^ . \, 

points ; cilia tinged with rufous. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish 
white, the termen tinged with ochreous; a terminal series of black 
points ; the underside with the costa and termen slightly tinged 
Avith rufous and irrorated with brown, a small dark discoidal spot 
and postmedial series of minute points on the veins. 

Ab. 1. liiusta. Fore wing much more strongly irrorated with 
brown. 

Ab. 2. iiicUhns. Fore wing with round blackish discoidal spot 
instead of the two points. 

Hub. U.S.A., Florida, Texas ; Mexico, Vera Cruz (B. H. Smith), 
1 (S , Guerrero (//. IJ. Smith), 1 J , 2 $ , Coatepec {Brools), 1 c? , 
Orizaba (Trujillo), 1 $ , Cuesta de Misantla {Triijillo), 1 5 , Jalapa 
{TrujillQ), 1 5, Presidio [Forrer), 1 § ; Guatemala, San Geronimo 
{Champion), 5 J, 1 $ , Zapota {Champion), 1 5 , Vera Paz {Cham- 
pion), 1 5 ; Costa Rica, Irazu {lioytrs), 2 S ■, ^ $ ; Panama, 
Cliiriqui {Chamjjion, llibhe), 3 5, Godmau-Salvin Coll.; Jamaica 
{Gosse, Bownj, CocJcerell, Kaye), 1 c? , 4 § types dispartita and 
incidens, Moneague ( Walsinrjham), 1 J ; Cuba, Santiago {Schawls), 
1 c?, 1 5 ; Haiti {Tweedie), 2 J, 1 § types erecta and trilinea; 
St. Lucia {Cowie), 1 § ; GrexVada (H. H. Smith), 2 $ : Barbauos 
{Frampton), 3^,3$; Venezuela {Dyson), 1 j type congesta ; 
Er. Guiana, Potaro R. {Kaye), 1 5 ; Brazil, Fspiritu Santo 
{Hiygins) 1 J, 1 2i ^^o Paulo {Jones), 2 $ ; Paraguay, Sapucay 
{Foster), S d , ^ $ ; Argentina, Goya {Perrins), 3 § . Exp. 26 
mil lira. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with the termen evenly curred. 

A. Fore wing with the renifoi-m not represented by two small 

white spots defined by black. 
a. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved below costa. 
a^. Fore wing with the lines white. 

a-. Fore wing grey-brown ohsciira. 

U^. Fore wing ochreous white rcctifas'ia. 

h'. Fore wing with the lines dark imulensis. 

h. Fore wing with the postmedial line angled outwards at 
vein 6. 

a}. Fore wing yellowish white huxea. 

h^. Fore wing creamy ochreous slightly irrorated with 

brown dclicia. 

B. Fore wing with the reniform represented by two small white 

spots defined by black .,. ■patula. 



156 KocTUiPJ]:. 

•J:4i)9. Bagisara ottscura, n. sp. (Plate CXLI. fig. 10.) 

2 . Head and thorax grey suffused with reddish brown ; palpi 
fuscous, whitish at tips; antennjB fuscous; tarsi fuscous ringed 
witli whitish ; abdomen grey-brown. Fore wing grey suffused with 
reddish brown and slightly irrorated with black ; subbasal whitish 
strire from costa and cell with some blackish scales on their outer 
edges : anteraodial line whitish defined on each side by fuscous, 
very oblicjuely excurved ; orbicular a f lint minute whitish spot ; 
reniform with whitish anuulus, very narrow and constricted at 
middle ; a slightly oblitjue curved medial blackish line ; postmedial 
line whitish defined on each side by fuscous, bent outwards below 
costa and incurved below discal fold, some faint whitish points 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line slight, pale, somewhat ex- 
curved below vein 7 and at middle, the terminal area darker with 
slight pale strice just before termen and fine pale line at base of 
cilia. Hind wing greyish suffused with brown, the cilia whitish 
with line ])ale lines near base and tips ; the underside grey irro- 
rated witli brown, a blackish discoidal striga and indistinct minutely 
waved postmedial line. 

Bah. liii. Gdiana {Rodivajj), 1 $ type. Exp. 24 millim. 

4500. Bagisara rectifascia. (Plate CXLI. fig. 11.) 

Schinia rccfifascia, Grote, Troc. Bost. See. JV. H. xvi. p. 242 (1874) ; 
ttiuitli, CiiL. Noct. N. Am. p. 214. 

9 . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white irrorated with 
brown. Vove wing ochreous white suffused with pale yellow- 
brown except on costal area and irrorated with brown ; the 1st 
line almost medial, white, angled outwards below costa, then 
oblicpie ; a slight whitish discoidal bar ; postmedial line white, 
oxcurved below costa, then oblique; subterminal line white, 
excurved below costa, then erect and ending at tornus ; the ter- 
minal area tinged with rufous, with slight diffused whitish streaks 
on the veins ; terminal black points on veins '3, 2 ; cilia rufous 
with fine red line at base. Hind wing ochreous white, the costa 
towards apex and termen sliglitly irrorated with brown ; cilia 
tinged with rufous ; the underside with the costal half and terminal 
area irrorated with led-brown, a slight discoidal lunule and curved 
postmedial line from costa to submedian fold. 

f/ah. U.S.A., Pennsylvania, 1 $ type, New Jersey, Illinois, 
Alabama. E,vi>. 34 millim. 

4501. Bagisara paulensis. (Plate CXLI. fig. 12.) 
Atethmia 2xculensis, Schaus, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. vi. p. IK) (18U8). 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi at sides and antennne 
brownish ; legs irrorated with fuscous ; abdomen fulvous yellow 
with sliglit fuscous in-oration, the 1st segment ochreous white, 
lore wing ochreous yellow slightly irrorated with red-brown, the 



BAGISARA. 



157 



terminal area tinged witli rufous ; the 1st line almost medial, brown, 
oblique from costa to subcostal nervure, then nearly straight and 
almost erect ; postmedial line brown, escurved from costa to 
vein 6, then incurved; subterminal line brown, excurvcd from costa 
to vein 6, then almost straight and ending at tornus ; cilia red- 
brown with a slight yellow line at base. Hind wing pale yellow, 
the termen faintly tinged with rufous ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly irrorated with browai, the termen tinged with 
brown from apex to vein 2, a postmedial series of dark points on 
the veins from costa to vein '2, and a series of slight points just 
before termen from apex to submedian fold. 

Hah. Colombia, 1 (5" ; S. Brazil, 8do Paulo. Exp. 3G millim. 

4502. Bagisara buxea. 

Schinia huxea, Grote, Can. Ent. xiii. p. 230 (1881); id. Piipilio, ii. p. CA, 
pi. 1. f. 4; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 213. 

Head and thorax white tinged with ochreous ; palpi tinged with 
rufous at tips ; antenna? pale rufous ; abdomen ochreous wliite 
with slight orange segmental lines. Fore wing yellowish white 
slightly tinged with rufous except at base, rather more strongly 
tinged on terminal area ; the 1st line almost medial, fine, rufous, 
angled outwards on subcostal nervure, then oblique ; a slight 
rufous discoidal line ; postmedial line fine, rufous, oblique from 




Fig. 49. — Bagisara buxca, ^ . }. 

costa to vein G where it is acutely angled outwards, then inwardly 
oblique and slightly incurved at submedian fold ; subterminal line 
fine, rufous, excurved below vein 7, then oblique and slightly 
excurved at middle ; cilia bright rufous. Hind wing yellowish 
white, the terminal area faintly tinged with rufous from apex to 
vein 2 ; cilia white ; the underside white with the costal area 
faintly tinged with ochreous. 

Haly. U.S.A., Texas, Kerrville, 1 c? , Arizona, Prescott (Kunze), 
Is, 2 $ , Huachuca Mts. (Barnes), 2d, 2 ? . Exjj. 30-34 
millim. 

*4503. Bagisara delicia. (Plate CXLI. fig. 13.) 
Trikuca delicia, Dyar, J. N.Y. Eat. Soc. xv. p. 52 (1907). 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen creamy ochreous. Fore wing 
creamy ochreous with slight brown irrcration ; the lines fine, 



158 



noctuid.t;. 



brown ; the 1st line almost medial, angled outwards on subcostal 
nervure, then oblique ; postmedial line oblique from costa to 
vein 6 where it is augled outwards, then inwardly oblique and 
slightly excurved towards inner margin ; subterminal line angled 
outwards below vein 7, then oblique and slightly excurved at 
middle ; the terminal area and cilia more tinged wir.h brown. 
Hind wing white, the termen tinged with yellow from apex to 
vein 2. 

Bab. U.S.A., Wisconsin, Milwaukee Co. Exp. 32 millim. This 
species is unknown to me; figured from a drawing from type in 
U.S. Nat. Mus. 

4504. Bagisara patula. 

Xanthia patula, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Atn., Het. ii. p. 486, pi. 94. f. 14 
(1898). 

S . Head and thorax orange mixed with red scales ; antennae 
brownish except at base ; patagia with oblique fuscous line across 
them ; the metathorax with blackish dorsal streak ; pectus and 
legs pinkish white mixed with rufous ; abdomen pale pinkish 
brown, the ventral surface whitish suffused with rufous. Fore 
wing bright golden yellow irrorated with red, the veins streaked 
with rufous ; subbasal line red-brown, oblique, from costa to 
median nervure; antemedial line red-brown, oblique from costa to 
submedian fold, then inwardly oblique ; orbicular represented by a 
black point, the reniform by an oblique white striga at upper angle 
of cell and pear-shaped spot at lower angle, both defined by black ; 
a very oblique red-brown line from costa well beyond middle to 
middle of inner margin, touching lower extremity of reniform and 
followed by another oblique red-brown line, excurved from costa 
to vein 3, then incurved and again excurved below submedian fold ; 
a faint subterminal shade excurved below costa and at middle and 
incurved at discal and submedian folds; cilia red-brown with 
white tips. Hind wing orange-yellow tinged with pinkish especially 
at inner margin ; cilia red-brown with slight pale line at base and 
white tips ; the underside ochreous, the costal area irrorated with 
brown and white, a small black discoidal spot, medial line excurved 
below costa and obsolescent on inner area, and slight curved post- 
medial line with minute black streaks on the veins. 

Hab. Costa Rica, Sta. Clara Valley (ZurcJiei-), 1 c? type, Godman- 
Salvin Coll. Exp. 32 millim. 

Genus ELYDNA. 

Type. 

Eli/d>ia, Wlk. XV. 1712(1858) transversa. 

I)i/rzela,W\k.xv. 1758(1858) -plagiata. 

Dadica, Moore, P. Z. .S. 1881, p. 349 li7ieosa. 

Eadinacm, Bull. A. M. N. H. (5) i.p. 161 (1878) ciiierascens. 

Leiwocosmia, Butl. Trans. Eut. Soc. 188ti, p. 394 reclusa. 

Floccifera, HiupsQ. Moths Ind. ii. p. 281 (1894) crigida. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, the 2ud joint reaching vertex of 



ELTDNA, 150 

liead, slender, the 3rd long; frons smooth ; eyes large, round; antemife of 
male typically ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales and without 
crests; tibiae fringed with loug hair; ahdomen smoothly scaled and without 
crests. Foi-e wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and 
hardly crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of 
diseocellulars or rather stronger from well below middle; 6,7 from upper 
angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male bipectinate with long branches to just beyond middle, 
the apical part ciliated. 

4505. Elydna bosca. 

Dyrzcla bosca, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soe. 1890, p. 26G ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. 
■^ii. p. 267. 

(S . Head and thorax pale reddish brown, the scales tipped with 
greyish ; tarsi rin2;ed with whitish ; abdomen grey tinged with 
reddish brown. Fore wing reddish brown tinged with grey and 
slightly irrorated with fuscous ; antemedial line indistinct, double, 
obliquely curved and very slightly waved ; an indistinct medial 
line, oblique from costa to just below cell, then erect ; postmedial 




Fig. 50. — Elydna basca, (^. \. 

line indistinct, double, excurved to vein G, incurved at discal fold, 
then oblique and very slightly waved, an oblique black spot beyond 
it between veins 7 and 6; traces of a minutely waved subterminal 
line excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a series of prominent 
black points just before termen ; cilia fuscous. Hind wing fuscous 
brown, the cilia with a fine pale line at base ; the underside grey 
tinged with reddish brown. 

Bab. Bdkma, llangoon, 1 c? type, Bhamo, 1 J ; Borneo, Sara- 
wak (Wallace), 1 d • Eccp. 3-1 millim. 

Sect. II. {Bt/r::cla). Antenna of male strongly serrate above to middle, 
strongly fasciculate below. 

4506. Elydna plagiata. 

Bi/rzelaplagiata, Wlk. xv. 1758 (1858) ; Hmpsn. Moths Tnd. ii. p. 267. 
Oglasa costipannosa, Switih. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 266. 
Oglasa costiplaga, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 153. 

Head and thorax chocolate-brown, the vertex of head whitish ; 



IGO 



NOCTUID.E. 



antenna) blackisli ; palpi in front towards base wliito ; pectus 
greyish ; abdomen reddish brown, the ventral surface whitish 
except at extremitj-. Fore wing reddish brown suffused with 
glossy leaden grey ; a large chocolate-red patch from costa at 
middle to near apex and extending to below vein 4, with rather 
sinuous wliite edges and rounded below ; a subbasal black point in 
coll; two indistinct oblique sinuous dark antemedial lines, wide 
apart below the cell; postmedial line indistinct, dark-, curving 




Fig. 51. — Eliidna plagiata, (^ . \. 

round tlie outer edge of the chocolate patch and minutely waved 
from its lower edge to inner margin ; a series oh" black points just 
before termen. Hind wing dark brown with a cupreous red gloss ; 
a line pale line at base of cilia ; the underside greyish suffused 
with brown, a black discoidal lunule, indistinct curved postmedial 
line, and terminal series of black points. 

llah. Punjab {James), 1 J ; Bombay, Kanara, Ivarwar {Bell), 
1 $ ; Cevlon, Kandy {Oreen), 1 cJ , 1 $ , Matale (Pole), 1 $ ; 
BuEMA, Moulmein {Cleric), 1 J type, Rangoon, 1 S fype costi- 
pannosa, Bhamo, 1 d . Edjy. 30 millim. 



Sect. III. Antennae of male minutely serrate and strongly fasciculate. 

4507. Elydna incrassata. 

Dyrsela incrassata, Wlk. xv. 1759 (1858). 
Dyrsela parallela, Wlk. xxxiii. 787 (,]805). 

Palpi, frons, and antennae black-brown ; vertex of head and 
basal half of teguLe orange-fulvous ; tips of teguloD and thorax 
red-brown ; pectus, legs, and abdomen greyish brown. Fore wing 




Fig. 52. — Elydna incrassata, S- {• 

red-brown with a greyish gloss, the costal edge orange fulvous to 
beyond middle; a black point in base of cell ; antemedial line red- 
brown, oblique, waved ; medial line red-brown, waved, oblique 



nr-YBifA. 



IGl 



fmm C03t;i to median uervure ; podtmedial line red-brown, slightly 
bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved and olili(iuo to 
inner margin near tornus ; a chocolate-brown patch beyond it from 
costa to above vein 6, with some white points on costa, its lower 
j)art black with the patch constricted above it ; a faint sinuous 
dark subterminal shade between veins 5 and 3 ; a series of black 
points just before termen. Hind wing dark brown with a reddish 
gloss; a fine pale line at base of cilia ; the underside greyer with 
blackish discoidal luiiule and curved postmedial line from costa to 
vein 2, 

Hah. Singapore {Ridley), 10 c? , 3 5 ; Borneo, Sarawak ( Wal- 
lace), 5 J , 1 5 , Kuching (Shelford), 1 (S , Sandakan {OrearjJi), 1 $ . 
J'J.v^j. 26-32 millim. 

Skct. IV. Antennoe of male cih'atcd. 

A. Palpi of male with the terminal part of 'iiifl joint anrl tlio 3pcl joint 
fringed with iiair in front, the second joint witli small tuft of hair 
behind at extremity, the tej^ulse produced behind into a hood over 
thorax, the fore coxjb on outer side and femora above fringed witli 
thick tufts of scales. 

4508. Elydna tristicta. 

Cnradrina irhticfa, Hmpsn. Trans. l*'nt. Soc. 1898, p. 24fi, pi. 17. f. 2. 
Xanthodes amorata, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. 66 (l'J07) 

(S . Head and thorax white tinged with reddish yellow and 
irrorated with a few black scales ; palpi yellow at sides ; antennae 
rufous ; fore legs with the fringes of scales bright rufous; abdomen 
ochreous white with reddish orai)ge doi'sal segmental bands. Fore 
wing white, the basal area suffused \\ith rufous, the medial area 
suffused with rufous and yellow except towards inner margin, the 
terminal area suffused with rufous between veins 6 and 5, the 




Fig. 53. — Elydna tristicta, J . } . 

basal area with some black irroration, the rest of wing irrorated 
with rufous, the veins streaked with rufous ; subbasal line repre- 
sented by a black striga from costa and a point on median nervure, 
the antemedial line by a diffused blackish band from costa to 
vein 1, sometimes broken up into two spots ; medial line rufous, 
erect and slightly sinuous; small white spots in the angles of cell 
and another beyond the rufous discoidal line ; veins 6 and 5 
strongly streaked with rufous ; postmedial line rufous, oblique 
from costa to vein 6 where it is angled, then inwardly oblique and 

VOL. IX. M 



162 NOCTUIDiE. 

slightl)' incurved between veins 3 and submedian fold ; subterminal 
line fine, rufous, oblique from costa to vein 6 then inwardly 
oblique and slightly incurved between veins 3 and "2 ; a series of 
small black spots just before termen from apex to submedian fold ; 
cilia rufous except towards tornus. Hind wiug j-ellowisb white 
with series of small red brown lunules from apex to vein 2 and 
the cilia red-brown at tips between those points ; the underside 
with the costal area and terminal area to vein 3 sparsely irrorated 
with black, a small black discoidal spot and indistinct curved 
rufous postmedial line. 

$ . Fore wing with the basal area not suffused with rufous, the 
antcmedial line slight, rufous. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona ; Haiti (Tweedie), 1 $ ; Gkenaba (//. //. 
Smith), 2 J, 1 $ tjpe. Exp. 28 millim. 

B. Palpi of male fringed with short downturiied hair in front, 
tlie tegula3 and femora normal. 

a. Fore wing with the lines silvery gulnare. 

h. Fore wing with the lines brown defined bj' fulvous and 

whitish lavemn. 

c. Fore wing with the lines brown defined bj whitish mcdacha. 

*4509, Elydna gulnare. 

Schinia gulnare, Streck. Proc. Davenport Ac. Sci. ii. p. 274, pi. ix. f. 1 
(1878) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 213. 

Head olive ; thorax and abdomen olive with a metallic gloss, the 
ventral surface greyish. Fore wing olive with a silvery gloss, 
the lines silvery; antemedial line angled outwards bcloAV costa, then 
oblique ; postmedial line acutely angled outwards at vein 6, 
then obliquely incurved ; subterminal line acutely angled outwards 
to termen below apex, then obliquely incurved ; a small golden 
mark just before apex and another patch ])ointed above and below 
on termen from the subterminal line to vein 2 ; cilia silvery grey. 
Hind wing pale glossy olive, the terminal area deeper olive. 
Underside rather paler; fore wing with the costal edge ])ale and 
with postmedial and subterminal striye from costa, the apex with a 
golden gloss ; hind wing with indistinct discoidal point and 
subterminal and terminal narrow bands. 

Hah. U.S.A., Pennsylvania, Illinois. Exp. 40 millim. This 
species is unknown to me. 

4510. Elydna laverna. 

Xavfltodes laverna, Druce, Biol. Ccutr.-Aui., Het. i. p. 304, pi. 28. f. 13 

(1889). 

Head and thorax pale olive mixed with white, especially on 
head and base of tegulae ; palpi white with fulvous line at side of 
2nd joint and fulvous tips; antennaj fulvous brown; pectus 
whitish ; legs ochreous slightly irrorated with brown ; abdomen 
ochreous with dorsal fulvous segmental lines, the ventral surface 
slightly irrorated with brown. Fore wing ochreous white thickly 



ELYDNA. 163 




irrorated with olive-brown, the costal edge fulvous ; the 1st line 
almost medial, brown defined by fulvous and whitish on inner side, 
very oblique from costa to subcostal nervure, where it is acutely 
angled outwards, then inwardly oblique and with fulvous between 
the brown and white lines ; postmedial line brown defined by 
fulvous then whitish on outer side, very oblique from costa to 



Fig. 54. — Eli/dna laverna, J. \. 

vein 6 where it is acutely angled outwards and with whitish streak 
to termen, then very oblique to inner margin and slightly incurved • 
subterrainal line brown defined by fulvous, then whitish on outer 
side, very oblique from costa to termen at vein 6, then inwardly 
oblique and slightly incurved; cilia rufous, red-brown at tins. 
Hind wing yellow suffused with rufous ; cilia yellow at base, 
brownish at tips ; the underside yellowish white, the costal and 
terminal areas broadly irrorated with red-brown, a curved pale 
rufous postmedial line. 

Hab. Mexico, Cuesta de Misantla (TnijiUo), 2 $, Jalapa 
(TriijiUo), 1 5 ; Guatemala, Zaj)0te {Champion), 1 $ , S. Geronimo 
{Champion), 1 cj' type, Godman-Salviu Coll. E.vp. 38-44 millim. 

4511. Elydna inalacha. 

Xanthodes malacha, Druce, Bioi. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p 305 pi 28 f 14 
(1889). 

Head and thorax grey-white irrorated with brown, the head 
tinged with rufous ; palpi rufous except at base ; antennae rufous ; 
pectus and legs ochreous white, the latter irrorated with brown ; 
abdomen ochreous white slightly irrorated with brown and with 
dorsal fulvous yellow segmental lines. Eore wing white irrorated 
Avith red-brown, especially on costal area to postmedial line, beyond 
the antemedial line, before the postmedial line, and beyond the 
subterminal line ; antemedial line red-brown defined by whitish on 
inner side, arising from middle of costa, slightly angled outwards 
on subcostal nervure, then oblique and slightly incurved ; a slight 
brown discoidal line on a whitish patch : vein 6 with fine brown 
streak ; postmedial line red-brown defined by whitish on outer side 
on inner half, very oblique from costa to vein 6 where it is acutely 
angled outwards, then obliquely incurved ; subterminal line defined 
by whitish on inner side, very obliquely downcurved from costa to 
termen at vein 7, and obliquely incurved from termen at vein 6 to 
inner margin ; a series of brown striae just before termen ; cilia 

ii 2 



164 NOCTUIDJE. 

red-brown. Hind wing pale golden yellow ; the underside yellowish 
white, the costal and terminal areas broadly irrorated with red- 
brown. 

Hah. Mexico, Cuernavaca {JL H. Smith), 1 6 type, Durango 
(Becker), 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. Eicp. cS 34, $ 36 millim. 

0. Palpi of male normal. 

a. {Lcucocosmia). Vertex of bead of male with a cleft corneous ridge clothed 
with scales ; abdomen clothed with woolly pile ; fore and bind wings 
witli the basal half clothed \vith woolly hair above. 

4512. Elydna reclusa. 

Progenia reclusa, Wlk. Journ. Linn. Soc. vi. p. 185 (18G2) ; Hmpsn. Moths 

Ind. ii. p. 264. 
AmphipwO' agrotoides, Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. 1880, p. 77, pi. 6. f, fi.^ 
Eadinacra thovacica, Moore, Lep. Oeyl. iii. p. 31, pi. 148. f. 4(1884). 
Leucocosmia ceres, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 188(), p. o04, pi. 9. f. 10. 
Caradrina euthusa, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 79. pi. 14o. f. 1 (1891). 
Camdrina heliarcha, Meyr. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1897, p. 370. 
Caradrina ^mipunctata, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 201 (190(i). 
Caradrina insignifica, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 201 (1906). 

S. Head and thorax brownish ochreons irrorated with some 
black scales ; palpi black at sides, whitish in front and at tips ; 
antennae with black spot on basal joint behind, the shaft blackish ; 
teguliB black-brown, ochreons white at base and sides; abdomen 




"Pl^. 5b.— Elydna reclusa, ^. \. 

black-brown, the extremity and anal tuft whitish ; pectus, legs, 
and ventral surface of abdomen whitish. Pore wii:g ochreons 
tinned with rufous and slightly irrorated with fuscous except 
on basal area which is thickly clothed with olive-yellow scales ; 
subbasal line blackish, minutely waved, from costa to submedian 
fold : antemedial line indistinct, double, slightly bent inwards 
to costa and obsolete towards inner margin ; traces of a minute 
round orbicular with two black points on its outer edge ; reniform 
absent- an indistinct diffused slightly curved medial line ; a dark 
point on costa above end of cell ; postmedial line indistinctly double 
filled in with whitish, slightly excurved from costa to vein 4, then 
oblique : subtermiual line absent ; a terminal series of slight black 
points ; cilia with a pale line at base. Hind wing whitish tinged 
with brown, the basal area with yellowish, the veins browner ; 
some brown on middle of inner margin ; cilia yellowish whit^ with 
a slight brown line through them ; the underside whiter, the costal 
area irrorated with brown, a small brown discoidal spot, post- 



ELTDNA. 165 

medial scries of points on the veins and terminal series from apex 
to vein 2. 

Hab. Bombay (Leith), 1 c? ; Madras, Belgaum (Watson), 2 J, 
Nilgiris (Hampson), 2 5 type euthusa ; Ceylon, 1 c? > ^ ? type 
ilioracica ; Yunnan, Teng Yeuk (Hobson), 1 § ; Singapore {liidhy), 
2 5 ; N. Borneo, M. Marapok, 1 5 ; Celebes ; Br. N. Guinea, 
Ekeikei, Mt, Kebea, Area R,, tyT^e?,'^ uni punctata and insvjnifica in 
Coll. Bethune-Baker ; Queensland, Brisbane (Turner), 1 (5,1 $; 
Fiji, 1 5 type ceres ; Sandwich Is., Oahu (Ferlins), 2 c? , 1 5 . 
Ej-2i. 30-36 millim. 



i. Vertex of head of male normal. 

a^. {Bloccifcra.) Abdomen of male witb large sublateral tufts of lloccalent 
hair from base. 

4513. Elydna erigida. 

Aletia eriqida, Swinh. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1890, p. 221 ; Hmpsn. Moths lud. 

ii. p. 281. 
Caradrina crenulata, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 202 (1906). 

Head and thorax ochreous siiflPused with grey-brown, the frons 
■whiter; palpi black at sides, whitish in front and at tips; antcnnio 
blackish except basal joint ; pectns and legs whitish irrorated witli 
fuscous ; abdomen gre3'-brown, the anal tuft w^iitish, the ventrnl 
surface whitish irrorated Avith fuscous. Fore wing greyish ochreous 




Fig. bQ.— Elydna erigida, (^. \. 

thickly irroi'ated with brown ; subbasal line slight, blackish, ano-led 
outwards below costa and ending in a black point below median 
nervure ; antemedial line very indistinct, waved, bent inwards to 
costa ; orbicular represented by a black point, the reniform by 
a small white spot with a point above it ;it upper angle of cell and 
two at lower angle ; a diffused medial dark shade, oblique from 
costa to lower angle of cell ; postmedial line indistinct, dark, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then oblique, minutely dentate 
and produced to black points on the veins ; a subterminal series of 
blackish points slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; 
a terminal series of slight black points ; cilia with a tine yellowish 
line at base. Hind wing semihyaline whitish tinged with brown, 
the veins browner ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia yellowish 
white with a fine brown line through them ; the underside whiter, 
the costal area irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot, post- 



IGG NOCTtJID.E, 

medial series of short streaks on the veins, and terminal series 
of points from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. Travancore, Pirmad (Lnmy), 1 $ ; Buema, Rangoon, 
1 c? type, N. Chin Hills ( Watso7i)^ 1 c? ; Br. N. GumiSA, Mt. 
Kebea (Pratt), typef crenulata in Coll. Bethune-Baker. Exxj. 
36-40 millim. 

i\ Abdomen of male williout sublateral tufts of long hair 
from base, 
a^ Hind wing of male with the costal area on underside 
clothed with rough downturned scales, with thiciier 
ridge of scales along subcostal uervure. 
C0. Hind wing of male on underside with ridge of scales 
on medial part of vein 1, covered by a thick fringe of 
hair from inner margin. 
a*. Fore wing with ihe reniform represented by some 

white points stellata. 

b*. Pore wing with the reniform represented by a slight 

black point gcjuini. 

4514. Elydna stellata. 

GmijJiipkora stcUafa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 119 (1882) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. 

ii. p. "itiS. 
Caradrina lophoj^lwra, Hmpsn. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1895, p. 299 ; id. Moths 

Ind. iv. p. 512. 
Caradrina pralti, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 202 (1906). 

S. Head and thorax reddish brown mixed with grey ; palpi 
blackish, Avhitish at tips and in front ; teguloe tipped with whitish ; 




Fig. 57. — Elydna stellata, (^ . |. 

tarsi fuscous ringed with white ; abdomen grej' suffased with 
brown. Eore wing grej' suffused and irrorated with reddish 
brown ; subbasal line blackish, angled outwards below costa 
and ending at submedian fold, a white point beyond it in cell ; 
antemedial line indistinctly double, blackish, erect, slightly bent 
inwards to costa and outwards above inner margin ; orbicular 
absent; reniform represented by a small white spot with white 
point above it and usually two below it ; a brown medial line, 
oblique from costa to median nervure, then incurved : postmedial 
line blackish, slightly excurved between veins 7 and 2 and with 
short black streaks beyond it on the veins followed by an indistinct 
diffused brown line ; subterminal line rather diffused, brown, 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a fine terminal brown 
line with whitish points at the veins. Hind wing greyish suffused 



ELYDNA. 167 

wilh reddish brown; a fine brown terminal line; cilia whitish 
with slight brown line near base ; the underside with the costal 
area irrorated with brown, the discal fold tinged with fulvous, 
the hair on inner area fuscous brown, an indistinct carved post- 
medial line. 

2. Hind wing whiter with indistinct postmedial line; the 
underside whitish, the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight 
discoidal bar and diffused sinuous postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. Eore wing with the discal spot yellowish, a small black 
spot before subterminal line in discal fold. 

Ilab. Punjab, Kulu, Sultanpur (6r. Young), 1 d" , 1 $ ; Sikhim 
(Dudgeon), 1 $ ; Assam, Khasis, 1 5 type, Nagas, type f lopho- 
pliora in Coll. Rothschild; Boknbo, Sarawak {Wallace^, 1 $ ; 
Er. New Guinea, Dinawa (Pratt), 1 J. Ex^). 28-82 milliui. 
Type t pmttl in Coll. Bethune-Baker. 

*4515. Elydna gemini. (Plate CXLI. fig. 14.) 
Caradrina gaiiini, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 202 (11)06). 

2 . Head and thorax grey-white tinged with reddish brown and 
irrorated with a few black scales ; palpi black, white at tips ; lower 
part of frons white ; pectus and legs whitish mixed with brown, the 
tarsi black ; abdomen grey suffused with brown. Fore wing grey- 
white suffused with brown and irrorated with black ; subbasal line 
represented by a black point on costa ; antemedial line with black 
point on costa, then very indistinct, waved ; orbicular and reniform 
represented by very slight black points ; a faint brown medial line, 
oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, postmedial line with black 
point on costa, then very faint, minutely dentate with slight black 
points at the veins, incurved at submedian fold, a rather diffused 
rounded black spot beyond it on veins 4, 3 ; faint traces of a sub- 
terminal line with the area beyond it somewhat browner ; a 
terminal series of small black lunulcs. Hind wing grey suffused 
with brown ; cilia whitish with a faint brown line through them ; 
the underside whitish tinged with brown, the costal area irrorated 
with black, a black discoidal lunula, postmedial series of minute 
streaks on the veins, and terminal series of slight lunules. 

Hah. Br. jST. Guinea, Ekeikei (Fraft), typef? in Coll. Bethune- 
Baker. Exp. 36 millim. 

6^. (Dadica.) Hind wing of male witli the inner area normal. 

4516. Elydna lineosa. 

Dadica lineosa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1881, p. 349; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 2G5. 

c? . Head and thorax grey mixed with reddish brown, the head 
whiter; palpi blackish, whitish at tips; abdomen grey suffused 
Avith reddish brown. Fore wing pale grey slightly suffused and 
irrorated with reddish brown, the veins with dark streaks ; sub- 
basal line blackish, straight, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 



108 NOCTTJID^. 



medial line blackish, oblique, straight, slightly bent inwards to 
costa ; orbicular a minute black point ; reniform a small white 
spot with white point above it ; a rather diffused brown medial 
line, very oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then slightly 
incurved ; postmedial line blackish, slightly excurved below vein 7, 




Fig. 58. — Elydna lineosa, S . 

then oblique : subterminal line indistinct, brown, slightly angled 
outwards at vein 7 and excurved at middle. Hind Aving greyish 
suffused with fuscous brown, the apical area whitish ; cilia Avhitish ; 
the underside suffused with fuscous brown, the terminal area paler, 
an indistinct subterminal line. 

5 . Hind wing on underside whitish irrorated with brown, 
a dark discoidal bar and indistinct postmedial line. 

Hab. Japan, Tokio {Maries), 1 c? , 1 $ , Yokohama (Pryer), 3 cS , 
2 5 ; CoREA, Gensan {Leech), 1 $ ; W. China, Omei-shan, 1 5» 
Chang-yang {Prott), 1 J ; Punjab, Kulu {Hodcinrj), 1 c? , 1 5 , 
Dalhousie, 1 S , type. E.vp. 34-42 millim. 

b". Fore and bind wings of male with the medial part of termen excised. 

4517. Elydna tnmcipennis, n. sp. 

Head and thorax whitish suffused with pale rufous, the head 
rather whiter ; palpi blackish, whitish at tips and in front: tarsi 
blackish ringed with white ; abdomen greyish suffused with fuscous 
brown. Fore wing ])ale rufous with slight dark irroration, the 




Fig. 59. — Elydna truncipennis, cJ . 



terminal area rather darker; subbasal line blackish, straight from 
costa to submedian fold in which there is a black point beyond it 
and a white point in cell further from base ; antemedial line 
blackish, erect, slightly bent inwards to costa and incurved below 
submedian fold; orbicular represented by a black point, the 
reniform by a small yellowish-white spot usually with white 
point above it and two minute points below it : a diffused dark 
medial line, oblique from costa to median nervure. then incurved ; 



ELYDNA. 169 

postmedial line ulackisb, slightly bent inwards to costa and 
incurved below vein 3, with minute black streaks beyond it 
on the veins ; subterminal line indistinct, brown, slightly incurved 
between veins 6 and 4 ; a fine dark terminal line ; cilia fuscous 
brown with a fine whitish line at base. Hind wing whitish 
8ufi"used with brown especially on the veins and terminal area ; 
cilia whitish with a brownish line near base from apex to vein 2 ; 
the underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a small 
discoidal spot, postmedial series of slight black streaks on the veins 
and traces of a postmedial line towards costa. 

Hab. Japan, Satsuma {Leech), 1 (S , Tokio (Maries), 1 J i Yoko- 
hama (Jonas, 3£anhy, Pryer), 4 c? , 3 5 ; Corra, Gensan (Leech), 
1 d" ; N. China (Fletcher), 1 $ , Foochow (Leech), 1 c? ; W. China, 
Chia-kou-ho (Pratt), 1 S , Omei-shan, 1 $ ; Punjab, Kulu, Sultanpur 
(G. Youtig), 1 (5 ; Sikhim (Diubjeon), 1 $ ; Assam, Khasis, 1 <S , 
type ; Ceylon, Pundaloya (Green), 1 $ . Ex2). 28-34 millira. 

C-. (Elydna.) Wings of male normal. 
a?. Fore wing grey-brown. 

a^. Fore ^ving with the postmedial line xninutely 
dentate. 
«'. Fore wing with ochreous spot on outer edge 
of reniform, with white points above and 

below it ochreipuneta. 

b^. Fore wing with white points on outer edge of 

reniform suhpurtita. 

c*. Fore wing without white points on outer edge 

of rcn i form cincrasccns, 

b^. Fore wing with the postmedial line not dentate. 
a5. Fore wing with series of black points on the 

veins beyond postmedial line renalis. 

b^. Fore wing with series of short black streaks 
on the veins beyond postmedial line, 
a". Fore wing with the postmedial line ex- 
curved from costa to vein 4, then 

incurved ulhisij/nata. 

Ifi. Fore wing with the postmedial linp straight 

from just below costa to inner margin ... rcctilinca. 
b^. Fore wing with the ground-colour greyish oclireous, 
yellow, or red-brown. 
a^. F'ore wing with blackish patches on costa at 

middle and before apex hisigunta. 

b*. Fore wing with chocolate-brown patches on 
costa at middle and before apex. 

«5. Fore wing grey tinged with pink jyellicci. 

J*. Fore wing red-brown tinged with purple cosiipUKja.. 

ct. Fore wing without dark patches on co.sta. 
al'. Fore wing witli the postmedial line minutely 
waved and exciu'ved beyond the cell. 
a^. Fore wing with black discoidal spot or point, ufrijivncia. 
b^. Fore wing without black discoidal s]iot or 

point ochracca. 

b^. Fore wing with the postmedial line nut 
waved, angled at vein 6, tlien oblique, 
a". Fore wing with the antemedial line bent 

inwards to costa inconspicua. 

¥. Fore wing with theanteme'h'al line oblique, 

straight transversa. 



170 NOCTriD^E. 

4518. Elydna ochreipuncta. (Tlate CXLI. fig. 15.) 
Caradruia oclireipiDicia, Ilmpsu. Moths Ind. ii. p. 263 (189,1). 

Head and thorax dark purplish brown ; palpi with some whitish 
scales in front and at tips ; antennae with the basal joint white in 
front; tarsi rino:ed with white ; abdomen greyish brown, the anal 
tut't rufous. Fore wing dark red-browu suffused with purple ; 
subbasal line black, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line black, oblique, waved, angled inwards on vein 1 ; 
orbicular a black point ; reniform indistinct, brown, slightly defined 
by black, with round ochreous spot on its outer edge with white 
point above it and two below it ; an indistinct medial line, oblique 
from costa to discal fold ; postraedial line black, slightly bent out- 
wards below costa, then dentate, oblique below vein 4, soipe ochreous 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line formed by some whitish 
scales defined on inner side by minute black marks, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; a slight dark terminal line. Hind wing 
greyish suffused with reddish brown ; a brown line near base of 
cilia ; the underside whitish tinged with brown, the costal and 
terminal areas irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal spot and 
rather difiused sinuous postmedial line. 

Hah. SiKHiM {Pilcher), 1 c? . Exjy. 40-42 millim. Type f in 
Coll Rothschild. 

4519. Elydna subpartita. (Plate CXLI. fig. 16.) 

Camdr'ma subpartita, Beth. -Baker, Nov. Zool. siii. p. 201 (1906), c?. 
Caradruia funcrea, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 201 (1906), $. 

(5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen red-brown ; palpi black, -whitish 
at tips ; antennae with the shaft whitish above towards base : pectus 
and legs whitish mixed with brown, the tarsi blackish ringed with 
white; abdomen ventrally whitish mixed with red-brown. Pore 
wing whitish strongly suffused and irrorated with red-brown, the 
terminal half darker ; subbasal line blackish, excurved below costa 
and ending at submedian fold ; a blackish point beyond it in 
cell ; antcmedial line indistinctly double towards costa and inner 
margin, angled inwards on median nervure and vein 1 ; orbicular 
represented by a black point ; reniform very indistinctly defined, 
with small whitish spot on its outer edge with white point above it 
and two below it and a white point on inner side below ; a diffused 
curved dark medial line ; postmedial line black defined on outer 
side by a pale band, minutely dentate, excurved from costa to 
vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal line very indistinct, greyish 
defined on inner side by black points and with more prominent spot 
at discal fold, slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a 
terminal series of black points : cilia with a fine pale line at base. 
Hind wing whitish tinged with red-brown, the veins and termcu 
red-brown ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia whitish with a brown 



ELYDX.V. 171 

line through them ; the underside whitish, the costal area irrorated 
with brown, a postmedial series of minute dark streaks on the veins 
from costa to vein 2. 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen tinged with fuscous; fore wing 
with a uniform fuscous tinge obscuring the markings. 

Hah. Br. K Guinea., Aroa R., Ekeikei (Pratt),! $ , Mt. Kebea, 
type t and type f funerea in Coll. Belhune-liaker. Exp. J 32, 
2 36 millim. 

4520. Elydna cinerascens. 

Cosmia cinerascens, Motsch. Etucl. Ent. ix. p. .34 (1860). 
Rudhiacm palpalis, Biitl. A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 161 (1878) ; id. 111. Ilet. 
B. M. ii. p. -IQ, pi. 29. f. 7. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen grey mixed with brown; palpi black, 
whitish at tips ; tarsi fuscous ringed with white. Fore wing grey 
tinged with ochreous brown and thickly irrorated with fuscous ; 
subbasal line slight, blackish, angled outwards below costa and 
ending at submtdian fold ; anteraedial line slight, blackish, oblique, 
sinuous ; orbicular a black point ; rcniform hardly traceable with 
faint pale points on its edges ; a diifused blackish medial line, 
oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique ; 
postmedial line blackish, dentate and produced to black points on 
the veins, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal line 
hardly traceable, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal 
series of minute black points. Hind wing whitish suffused with 
brown especially on terminal area ; cilia with a slight yellowish 
line at base ; the underside white tinged and irrorated with brown 
especially on costal area, a blackish discoidal spot, indistinct post- 
medial line with minute dark streaks on the veins from costa to 
vein 4, and terminal series of small black luuules from apex 
to vein 2. 

Hah. Japan, Yokohama {Jonas, Pri/er), 7 c? , 2 9 type imlpalis ; 
W. China, Chang-yang (Pratt), 1 $ . Kvp. 28-30 millim. 



4521. Elydna renalis. 

Eadinocra renalis, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 30, pi. 147. f. 4 a (1884); 
Hmpsr. Moths Ind. ii. p. 265. 

Head and thorax reddish brown slightly mixed with grey ; palpi 
black, whitish at tips ; antennae blackish ringed with white at base ; 
tarsi blackish ringed with white; abdomen grey-brown, the ventral 
surface white irrorated with brown. Fore wing dark reddish 
brown slightly irrorated with grey ; subbasal line indistinct, waved, 
from costa to submedian fold, a white point beyond in cell ; ante- 
medial line black, excurved towards costa and inner margin and 
angled inwards below submedian fold ; orbicular a black point 
defined by white scales ; reniform a round white spot with small 
spot above it and one white point below it on inner side and two 



172 NOcruiD.E. 

on outer; an indistinct difi'iisefl sinuous dark medial line; post- 
medial line black, oxciirved from below costa to vein 4, then 
incurved, witli series of black points beyond it on tbe veins and 
some grey points on costa; subterrainal line slight, grejisli defined 
on inner side by dark brown, excurved below vein 7 and at middle, 
incurved at submcdian fold and bent outwards to tornus ; a fine 
brown terminal line with minute white points at the veins. Hind 
wing whitish suffused with brown ; a fine brown terminal line ; 
cilia with yellowish line at base followed by a brown line, the tips 
white tinged wnth brown at apex ; the underside white, the costal 
area prominent]}' irrorated with brown, the terminal area slightly 
irrorated, a black discoidal spot, and indistinct postmedial line with 
dark streaks on the veins. 

Huh. Ceylon, Puudaloya {Green\ 2 c? , 2 $ type. Exp. 26 
millim. 

4522. Elydna albisgnata. 

Caradrina alhisignaia, Obert.h. Diag. Lep. Askold. p. 14 (1879) ; Staiul. 

Cat. Lep. pal. p 198. 
Caradrina cwca, Obertb. Diag. Lep. Askold. p. 14 (1879). 
Caradrina aUmdynata, Oberlb. Et. Eiit. v. p. 73, pi. 4. f. 1 (1880); Mill. 

Ann. fc'oc. Linn. Lyons, xxix. p. 154, pi. 1. f. 2 (1883). 

Head and thorax greyish brown ; palpi fuscous lirown ; pectus 
and legs fuscous brown, the tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen 
grey-brown, the ventral surface fuscous bi-own. Fore wing grey- 
brown with slight dark irroration, the terminal area rather darker ; 
subbasal line black, slightly sinuous, fron. costa to submedian fold ; 
antemedial line blackish, excurved from costa to median nervure, 
then incurved and slightly excurved above inner margin ; orbicular 
absent : reniform indistinct, blackish with a white point on it, some- 
times with a minute point above it ; an indistinct diffused medial line, 
erect from costa to lower angle of cell, then incurved ; postmedial 
line blackish, oblique from costa to below vein 7 and .slightly 
incurved below vein 3, with minute black streaks beyond it on the 
veins; an indistinct diffused dark subterminal line, angled outwards 
at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a terminal series of slight whitish 
points ; cilia dark brown at base. Hind wing whitish suffused with 
brown ; cilia whitish with a slight brown line near base ; the under- 
side greyish, the costal area thickly irrorated with brown, a darlc 
discoidal point aud diffused postmedial line with minute dark streaks 
on the veins. 

Ab. 1. Cft'ca. Fore wing without the white point on reniform. 

Hah. ? S. France, Alpes Maritimes ; E. Liberia., Amurland, 
2 c? , 1 2 ; Japan, Hakodate, 6 S , Oiwake (Pri/er), 1 c? , Tokio 
(Maries), 1 $ ; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 1 c? • A'rj). 30-30 millim. 

4523. Elydna rectilinea, n. sp. (Plate CXLI. fig. 17.) 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with rufous, the head rather 
whiter ; palpi fuscous, white at tips and in front ; tarsi fuscous 
ringed with white; abdomen grey tinged with brown. Fore wing 



ELYDNA. 173 

pale grey tinged with pale reddisli bmwn ; subbasal line slight, 
dark, straight, from costa to subraediau fold ; antemedial line 
blackish, oblique, straight or slightly incurved in submedian inter- 
space, slightly bent inwards to costa ; orbicular represented by a 
minute dark point, the reniform by some white scales ; a diffused 
dark medial shade, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then 
erect ; postmedial line blackish, erect, straight, slightly bent inwards 
to costa, with minute black streaks beyond it on tlie veins; sub- 
terminal line indistinct, dark, rather diffused, excurved below vein 7 
and at middle; a fine brown terminal line with minute white 
points at the veins ; cilia grey-brown with a slight yellowish line 
at base. Hind wing whitish suffused with brown ; a fine brown 
terminal line ; cilia whitish wdlh a yellowish line at base ; the 
underside white, the marginal areas irrorated with brown, a brown 
discoidal lunule, diffused sinuous subterminal line, and terminal 
series of black stria;. 

Hah. Punjab, Kulu (ffoclinr/), 2 $ , Sultanpur (G. Young), 1 S 
type, Dalhousio {Harford), 2 5 . Exp. 82 miilim. 

4524. Elydna bisignata. (Plate CXLI. fig. IS.) 
Cosmia bisignata, Hmpsn. J. Bomb. See. xvii. p. 476 (1906). 

2 . Head and thorax whitish tinged with rufous, palpi white, 
the extremity of 1st joint and 2nd joint except at extremity black ; 
antennae fuscous ; fore and mid tibiae fuscous, the tarsi fuscous 
ringed with white ; abdomen greyish white with faint ochreous 
segmental rings, the ventral surface white. Fore wing greyish 
ochreous slightly tinged with rufous and irrorated with brown; sub- 
basal line represented by a small black spot on costa and indistinct 
striga in cell ; antemedial line with small black spot on costa, then 
pale brown defined by whitish on inner side, obliquely incurved ; 
orbicular and reniform with very faint pale annuli. the former 
round, the latter, constricted at middle and with rather S-shaped 
black mark on its inner edge confluent with an oblique blackish 
patch from costa ; an indistinct incurved pale line from lower angle 
of cell to inner margin with dark point on it in discal fold ; post- 
medial line double, pale brown filled in with whitish, and with 
black point on the inner line at costa, excurved from costa to vein 4, 
then incurved ; a quadrate black patch on costa before the sub- 
terminal line, which is indistinct, pale, slightly defined by fuscous 
on inner side, minutely waved and ending at tornus ; a terminal 
series of black strice ; cilia ochreous white tinged with rufous 
and with blackish tips except towards tornus. Hind wing ochreous 
white tinged with brown especially on the veins and terminal area ; 
a fine brown terminal line ; cilia with a fine white line at base ; the 
imderside white, the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, 
a slight dark discoidal lunule. 

Hah. Madkas, Bellary, Ramandrug (CampheJI), 1 $ type. Ex/*. 
34 miilim. 



174 ?fOCTUID^. 

4525. Elydna pellicea. (Plate CXLI. fig. 19.) 
Flecoptera pcUicca, Swinh. A. M. N. H. (7) xi. p. 507 (1903). 

S . Head and thorax pale pinkish grey with an ochreoiis tinge : 
palpi black at sides except at tips ; sides of froiis and shoulders with 
black patches ; spiirs and tarsi blackish with pale rings : abdomen 
ochreous brown, the anal tuft yellowish, the ventral surface whitish. 
Fore wing greyish ochreous tinged with purplish pink; a black point 
at base of costa ; faint traces of an oblique waved anteraedial line with 
black point at costa ; a chocolate-brown conical patch on middle of 
costa, its apex almost reaching median nervure and somewhat dilated 
on outer side ; postmedial line very indistinct, bent outwards below 
costa, then dentate and produced to slight blackish points on the 
veins, incurved in submedian interspace where there is a black point 
before it ; a truncate conical chocolate-brown patch on costa before 
apex; faint traces of a miiiutel}^ waved subterminal line; a series 
of slight blackish points just before termen ; cilia brown with fine 
pale lines at base and middle. Hind wing ochreous suffused with 
brown, the cilia paler ; the underside ochreous white, the costal 
area and terminal area to vein 2 irrorated with brown, a brown 
discoidal lunule and indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Hah. SiAM, Muok-Lek, 10,000 feet (FruJistorfer), 1 c? type. 
Exj:). 40 millim. 

*4526. Elydna costiplaga. (Plate CXLI. fig. 20.) 

MUa cosiiplc'f/a, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 254 (1906). 
tlypcBtra costiplaga, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. sv. p. 201 (1908). 

5 . Head and thorax red-brown mixed with grey ; palpi whitish, 
the 2nd joint black on outer side except at extremity; frons whitish ; 
pectus and legs whitish suffused wath brown ; abdomen red-brown 
with slight rufous dorsal line, the ventral surface whitish tinged 
with brown. Fore wing red-brown mixed with purplish grey ; a 
small subbasal black spot on costa ; traces of an oblique waved 
antemedial line with black spot on costa ; a conical chocolate-brown 
patch from middle of costa to lower angle of cell, defined on outer 
side by a sinuous black and white line on discocellulars ; postmedial 
line indistinct and w^hitish from costa to vein 4, bent outwards 
below costa, oblique to vein 6 where it is angled outwards, angled 
inwards in discal fold and outwards at vein 4, then dark, strongly 
incurved and bent outwards to inner margin, a black point before 
it in submedian fold and a truncate conical chocolate-brown patch 
beyond it from costa defined on outer side by the faint whitish 
subterminal line which is oblique towards costa, slightly ex curved 
below vein 7 and at middle and ending at tornus; a series of faint 
blackish points just before termen ; cilia dark brown mixed with 
some greyish and with slight ochreous line at base. Hind wing 
fuscous brown with a cupreous gloss ; cilia brown with a slight 



i:ltdna. 175 

pale line at base from apes to vein 2, then whitish tinged with 
brown ; the underside whitish tinged with reddish ochreous and 
irrorated with red-brown on costal half, a small black discoidal spot 
and curved miuutely waved postmedial line. 

Hah. Br. N. Guinea, Ekeikei (Pratt), types t $ in Coll. Bethune- 
Baker. E.rp. 40 millim. 

4527. Elydna atripuncta, n. sp. (Plate CXLI. fig. 21.) 

2 . Head white, tlie palpi, frons, and antennae except at base 
dark brown ; thorax white tinged with ochreous and irrorated with 
a tew black scales ; tibiae and tarsi brown ; abdomen whitish 
dorsally tinged with ochreous and irrorated with a few dark scales 
except at base. Eore wing white tinged with ochreous and irrorated 
Avith black scales, the terminal area tinged with rufous ; antemedial 
line brown, double on inner area, oblique towards costa, then waved, 
angled outwards at vein 1 ; a round black discoidal spot ; post- 
medial line brown, excurved and minutelj^ waved to vein 2, angled 
inwards in submedian fold to near antemedial liue and outwards 
on vein 1 ; subterraiual line diffused, brown, oblique from costa to 
vein 7, incurved at discal and submedian folds ; a series of small 
black spots before termen ; cilia ochreous with series of fuscous 
points. Hind wing whitish sutfiised with ochreous j^ellow especially 
on terminal area ; the underside whitish, the costal and terminal 
areas irrorated with brown, a small discoidal spot. 

c? . Fore wing with black discoidal spot. 

JIab. Ceylon, Kandy (Green), 1 ^ , Puttalam (Pole), 1 5 type. 
Ex2i. 3G millim. 

*4528. Elydna ochracea. (Plate CXLI. fig. 22.) 

Cosmia ochracea, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 322 (1894). 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous yellow ; palpi, antennse, 
and legs tinged with brown. Eore wing ochreous yellow irrorated 
with a few black scales, the terminal area suffused with red-brown ; 
subbasal line represented by a black point on costa; antemedial 
line indistinct, brown with black point on costa, oblique towards 
costa, then Avaved ; orbicular absent ; reniform represented by a 
faint elliptical pale patch ; postmedial line brown with black point 
at costa, minutelj^ waved, excurved from costa to vein 4, then 
incurved ; subterminal line brow", miuutely waved, angled outwards 
at vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a series of minute blackish strijB 
before termen ; cilia dark browu with fine yellowish lines at base 
and middle. Hind wing pale yellow, the terminal area slightly 
tinged with rufous ; the underside with the costal area and terminal 
area to vein 2 slightly irrorated with black, a small brown discoidal 
spot. 

Hub. BuRiiA, E. Pegu, 4,500 feet (Doherty), type f 5 in Coll. 
llothschild. Exp. 42 millim. 



176 NOCTTJID.'E. 

*4529. ElyJna inconspicua. (riato CXLI. fig. 23.) 

Cosmia inconspicua, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 210 (1906). 

5 . Head white ; palpi tinged with brown except at base in 
front ; Irons brown ; antennte tinged with brown ; thorax pale 
reddish ochreons sparsely irrorated with large black scales ; legs 
brown, the tarsi ringed with wliite ; abdomen reddish ochreous, the 
ventral surface whitish. Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous 
and sparsely irrorated with black scales, the costal area white to 
beyond middle ; antemedial line diffused, fuscous, bent inwards to 
costa ; a small brownish discoidal spot ; postmedial line diffused, 
fuscous, oblique from costa to vein 6 just beyond the cell, then 
inwardly oblique ; a very indistinct dentate brown subterminal 
line, bent inwards to costa ; a series of slight blackish points just 
before termen ; cilia fuscous with a reddish ochreous line at base. 
Hind wing ochreous yellow, the termen slightlj- tinged with rufous ; 
cilia yellowish at base, with brownish line at middle and white 
tips ; the underside yellowish white, the apical area slightly tinged 
with rufous and irrorated with brown, an oblique brown postmedial 
line from costa to vein 6. 

Hab. Br. New Gftnea, Ekeikei(Pr«^^), type1 $ in Coll. Bethime- 
Baker. jSot^j. 34 millim. 

4530. Elydna transversa. 

Elydna transversa, Wlk. xv. 1713 (1858) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 321. 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous and 
slightly irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing ochreous tinged with 
rufous and irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line slight, dark, 




Fig. 60. — Elydna transversa, (^ . }. 

oblique, from costa to submedian fold; antemedial line dark brown, 
very oblique, straight ; a dark line on discocellulars ; postmedial 
line dark brown, oblique from costa to vein 6, then slightly incurved ; 
subterminal line dark brown, oblique from costa to vein 6 and 
ending at tornus ; a fine brown terminal line; cilia at tips with 
dark brown mixed. Hind wing ochreous suffused with rufous, 
the costal half suffused with fuscous brown ; cilia black-brown, 
from apex to vein 2 ; the underside reddish ochreous, the apical 
area slightly irrorated with brown. 



CLOSTEKOMOEPH.' 



177 



5 . Hind wing wliolh' oclireous. 

Hah. Bombay, Kanara ( Ward), 1 5 , Ivarwar {Bell), 1 5 ; Ceylon, 
Ivandy (3Iackwood), 1 S ; Burma, Moulmeiu (Clerk), 1 5 type. 
Kvp. 34-40 millim. 



Genus CLOSTEROMORPHA. 

Closteromorpha, Feld. Reis. Nov. p. 3 (1874), non descr. 



Type. 
reniplaga. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, slenderly scaled, the 2nd joint 
reaching vertex of head, the 3rd long ; frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; 
antennae of male almost simple ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales and 
without crests; mid tibiiB moderately fringed with hair; hind tibisB of male 
dilated with a fold on ujiper side containing a fringe of large scales ; abdomen 
without crests. Fore wing broad, the apex rounded, tiie teruien slightly 
e.\cised from vein 3 to tornus ; vein 2 somewhat curved upwards ; 3 and T) 
from near angle of cell; 6 from below upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 
11 from cell. Hind wing ample ; veins 3, 4 fj-om angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent 
from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the apical chocolate patch cornucopia- 

shaped reniplaga. 

B. Fore wing with the apical chocolate patch rounded below... inodesfa. 

4531. Closteromorpha reniplaga. 

Closteromorpha reniplaga, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 83. f. 16 (1874). 

J . Head, thorax, and abdomen bright rufous ; tibite with some 
chocolate-brown. Fore wing bright rufous with a greyish tinge, 
especially on inner area and terminal half ; subbasal line slight, 
pale, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line pale, rather 
oblique and slightly incurved ; orbicular and reniform small, with 
whitish annuli, the former narrow, elliptical, the latter bar-shaped, 




Fig. 61. — Closteromorj)ha reniplaga, (^ . 



open below ; a large cornucopia-shaped chocolate-brown patch with 
pale edges, extending on costa from above reniform to apex and 
down to vein 3 where its apex is curved outwards, the pale post- 
medial line arising from it, strongly incurved, then erect ; a ter- 
minal series of chocolate-brown striae from below apex to vein 2, 
below which there is a small round spot ; cilia ritfous with a fine 
pale line at base. Hind wing deep red-brown ; cilia with a fine 

VOL. IX. X 



178 NOCXUIDiE. 

pale line at base and whitish tips ; the underside red-brown 
irrorated with white. 

5 , Fore wing much gz'eyer, the postmedial patch rufous. 
Hah. Be. Guiana, Demarara (Rodivay), 1 $ ; Bkazil, type t rj 
in Coll. Eothschild. Exj). 42 millim. 

4532. Closteromorpha modesta. (riatfe CXLI. fig. 24.) 

Closteromor-pha modesta, Butler, Traus. Ent. Soc. 1878, p. 69. 

,3 . Head and thorax rufous ; tarsi ringed with whitish ; abdomen 
rufous irrorated with a few large black scales, the ventral surface 
dark red-brown, the genital tufts white. Fore wing rufous, the 
apical area beyond the reniform down to vein 4 deep chocolate- 
brown with some blue-white suffusion on costal area between post- 
medial and subterminal lines ; antemedial line rufous, oblique from 
costa to median nervure, then slightly sinuous ; orbicular repre- 
sented by a whitish jioint defined by brown ; reniform an oblique 
fuscous black bar with white annulus ; postmedial line whitish, 
strongly bent outwards below costa, excurved to vein f?, incurved 
to vein 4, then bent inwards to lower extremity of reniform and 
oblique to inner margin ; subterminal line represented by two white 
points below costa, then excurved and almost obsolete to vein 3, 
then Avhitisb and oblique to tornus. Hind wing black-brown with 
a reddish tinge. Underside of both wings black-brown ; fore wing 
Avith the inner and terminal areas greyish and with two subterminal 
white points below costa. 

Hah. Brazil, Amazons, Paraiia de Buyassu {Austen), 1 J , 
Parantins {Trail), 1 S type. Exp. 40 millim. 

Genus NEOCALYMNIA, nov. 

Type, N. obconica. 

ProbosciB fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2iid joint reacliing about to 
middle of frons, the 3rd short ; irons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennae of 
male ciliated ; thorax clothed chiefly with scales and without crests ; fore and 
mid tibiae moderately fringed with hair, the hind tibia and 1st joint of tarsus 
moderately fringed with hair above and below; abdomen with dorsal crest at 
base only. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen strongly excurved 
at middle, then excised to tornus ; veins 3 and 6 from near angle of cell ; 
6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with the 
tornus lobed ; veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

*4533. Neocalymnia obconica. 

Neocalymnia obconica, Druce, A. M. N. H. (8) i. p. 302 (1908). 

(S . Head and thorax red-brown, the vertex of head whitish 
tinged with rufous ; pectus whitish tinged with rufous ; abdomen 
rufous with a yellowish tinge. Fore wing red-brown mixed with 
greyish ochreous, the basal area more rufous, a large conical 
chocolate-brown patch on postmedial area from costa to vein 3 ; 
subbasal line absent ; antemedial line greyish defined by brown on 



NEOCALYMNIA. — ANDEOLYMNIA. 179 

outer side, erect to submedian fold and bent outwards to inner 
margin ; orbicular with faint greyish anuulus, elliptical; a greyish 
discoidal bar with curved streak from it to subterminal line below 
the chocolate patch ; a sinuous dark medial line ; postmedial line 
represented by a slight oblique pale line from submedian fold to 
inner margin near tornus ; subterminal line only defined by the 
terminal area being slightly greyer, angled outwards at vein 7 and 




Fig. 62. — Neocalymnia ohconica, (^ . \. 

incurved at discal fold and below vein 3 ; a terminal series of slight 
dark lunules. Hind wing black -brown with a reddish tinge ; cilia 
greyish, dark at tips. Underside of both wings uniform black- 
brown. 

Hah. Peru, S. Domingo {Ockenden), typef S in Coll. Druce. 
Exp. 38 millim. 

Genus ANDROLYMNIA, nov. 

Type, A. emarginata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reacbing vertex of 
liead and slenderly scaled, the 3rd long ; frons smooth, with large tuft of hair 
jibove ; eyes large, round ; antenna; of male somewhat laminate and almost 
simple; thorax clothed chiefly with 'scales, the prothorax with ridge-like crest, 
the metathorax with spreading crest ; tibiaa moderately fringed with hair ; 
abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing typically with the apex 
produced and acute, the termen excised below apex and excurved at middle, 
the inner margin with antemedial lobe and scale-tooth; veins 3 and 5 from 
near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form the areole ; 1 1 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Fore wing of male with tlie apex produced to a rounded lobe, the 
termen strongly excised iJelow it and not excurved at middle, the 
cell broad and the neuration rather distorted. 

4534. Androlymnia torsivena. 

Perciana torsivena, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 376 (1902). 

d" . Head, thorax, and abdomen purplish grey mixed with some 
brown ; palpi blackish at sides. Fore wing purplish grey irrorated 
with chocolate-brown ; subbasal line indistinct, brown, sinuous, 
from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line slight, brown, 
oblique to submedian fold and incurved at vein 1 ; orbicular 
absent ; reniform with slight white annulus, its centre slightly 
defined by brown, its inner edge somewhat excised ; medial line 

n2 



180 xocTTJiDai:. 

brown, oblique and with rather diffused chocolate-brown band on 
its outer edge from costa to median nervure, above which there is 
a black wedge-shaped mark beyond it before the reniform, then 
incurved ; postmedial line fine, brown defined by whitish on outer 
side, oblique to vein 6, then minutely waved, slightly incurved at 
discal fold and below vein 4, a truncate conical patch beyond it ou 
costal area with two white points on the costa ; subterminal line 




Fig. 63. — Androlymnia torsivena, d • \- 

whitish with slight black marks beyond it below the costa, angled 
outwards at vein 7, then minutely waved, angled inwards at discal 
fold and vein 2 ; a terminal series of black strine slightly defined 
by whitish on inner side. Hind wing grey suffused with brown ; 
the cilia with whitish points at base, wholly whitish towards 
tornus ; the underside grey sufi'used and irrorated with brown, a 
slight discoidal bar and slightly waved postmedial line. 

2 . Fore wing with truncate conical chocolate patch on middle 
of costa on outer side of medial line extending to inner side of 
reniform just above the black mark which is lunulate. 

Hah. Gold Coast, Acropoug Mts. {Sir G. Carter), 1 c5" , 1 $ type, 
C. Coast Castle (Hiylett), 1 5 ; Lagos, Olokemeji (Dudgeon), 4 $ ; 
Natal, Victoria Distr. {Gooch), 1 $ , Durban (Leigh, Clarke), 2 § ; 
Cape Colony (Sir A. SmitJi), 1 d . Exp. 28-32 millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing of male normal. 

A. Fore wing with the outer edge of the subterminal t-ostal 

patch strongly indented clavaia. 

B. Fore wing with the outer edge of the subterminal costal 

patch not indented emarginata. 

4535. Androlymnia clavata, n. sp. (Plate CXLI. fig. 25.) 

J . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale purplish grey slightly mixed 
with brown ; palpi at sides and frons blackish ; legs blackish, the 
tarsi with pale rings. Fore wing pale purplish-grey irrorated with 
chocolate-brown; subbasal line slight, sinuous, from costa to sub- 
median fold ; antemedial line indistinct, double, rather diftused, 
oblique from costa to submedian fold, then incurved ; orbicular 
absent ; reniform with faint whitish aunulus and its centre defined 
by brown ; an oblique wedge-shaped chocolate-brown patch from 
middle of costa to median nervure before the reniform, before the 
lower part of which there is a small black spot ; a diffused incurved 



ANDKOLTMNIA. 181 

blackish line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line indistinct, defined by whitish on outer side, bent outwards 
below costa, excurved to vein 4, then strongly incurved and slightly 
angled outwards at vein 1, a triangular chocolate-brown patch 
beyond it from costa, its outer edge excised and its lower extremity 
produced to a point ; subtermiual line indistinct, whitish, angled 
outwards at vein 7, then minutely waved ; a terminal series of 
minute black points and a small s])ot at apex. Hind wing grey 
suffused with brown ; cilia whitish ; the underside grey, tinged and 
irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal lunule, and rather diffused 
postmedial line. 

Hah. Br. E. Africa, Taveta {K. St. A. Rogers), 1 J type. Exp. 
20 millim. 

4536. Androlymnia emarginata. 

Ozarba emarginata, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 76, pi. 145. f. 22 (1891) ; 
id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 333. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen purplish grey mixed with some 
chocolate- brown, the thoracic crests dark-tipped ; palpi and frons 
blackish ; tarsi blackish with pale rings. Pore wing purplish grey 
irrorated and in parts suffused with chocolate-brown ; a dark point 
at base of costa ; antemedial line with dark point at costa, then 
indistinct and strongly excurved from below costa ; a triangular 
chocolate-brown patch from middle of costa with a black spot at its 
apex above median nervure before the reniform, which has a fine 
brown outline, slightly constricted at middle ; an incurved line from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line red-brown, 




Fig. 64. — Androlymnia emarginata, (^ . \. 

oblique from costa to vein 6, inciirved at discal fold and strongly 
below vein 4, a truncate chocolate-brown patch beyond it on costa, 
its inner and lower edges dentate and with some whitish points on 
costa ; subterminal line pale slightly defined by brown on inner 
side, excurved below vein 7 and at middle, angled inwards at discal 
fold and incurved below vein 3 ; a terminal series of brown striae ; 
cilia red-brown at tips. Hind wing grey suffused with reddish 
brown ; cilia with a pale line at base ; the underside grey tinged and 
irrorated with red-brown, an indistinct diffused curved postmedial 
line. 

Hah. Punjab, Simla {Harford), 1 S ; Madras, Nilgiris (Hampson), 
1 c5' , 1 9 type ; Ceylon, Putlam {Pole), 2 $ ; Bali {Doherti/), 1 c? . 
Exj>. 22-24 millim. 



182 IfOCTUID^. 

Genus CHALCOECIA, nov. 

Type, C. eme^sa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint not 
reaching middle of frons and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3rd 
short ; frons with slight rounded prominence with slight transverse ridge at 
middle and corneous plate below it ; eyes lai'ge, round ; antennas of male 
ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales, the prothorax without 
crest, the metathoras with decumbent crest ; tibiae moderately fringed with 
hair ; abdomen with dorsal crests on 1st two segments. Fore wing with the 
apex rounded, the termeu evenly curved and hardly ci-enulate ; veins 3 and o 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form a minute areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell ; 5 obsolescent from well below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4537. Chalcoecia emessa. 

Anthcecia emessa, Druce, Eiol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 300, pi. 28. f. 4 

(1889). 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen greyish suffused with rufous, 
the metathoracic crest purplish rufous, the abdominal crests bright 
rufous. Pore wing with the basal and terminal areas grey suffused 
with purple, the basal half of medial area and postmedial area olive 
tinged with cupreous, the outer half of medial area grey-white : 
antemedial line dark brown, curved ; postmedial line red-brown, 




Fig. 65. — Chalcoecia emessa, (^ . \. 

cxcurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique and bent outwards to 
inner margin ; cilia white tinged with olive. Hind wing whitish 
suffused with fuscous brown, especially on terminal half ; cilia 
brownish at base, whitish at tips. 

Hah. Guatemala, Pantaleon {Champion), 1 c5" type, Godman- 
Salvin Coll, Exp. 36 millim. 

Genus. CHEYSOECIA. 

Type. C. scira. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint not 
reaching middle of frons and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3rd 
short ; frons with slight rounded prominence with vertical ridge at middle and 
corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antennae of female ciliated ; thorax 
clothed with hair and scales mixed, the prothoi-ax without crest, the metathorax 
with decumbent crest ; tibiffi moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen without 
crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and not 
crenulate ; veins 3 and h from near angle of cell ; fi from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; f) obsolescent from well below middle of 
discocellulars; 6 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 



CHRYSOECIA. NICARA. 183 

4538. Chrysoecia scira. 

Anthcecia scira, Di-uce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Hefc. i. p. 301, pi. 28. f. 5 (1889). 

2 . Head brown ; tegalge and patagia orange-fulvous ; thorax 
whitish ; pectus and legs tinged with ochreous, the fore legs brown, 
the tarsi brown with pale rings ; abdomen brown, the ventral 
surface whitish tinged with ochreous. Fore wing olive-fulvous, 
the medial area suffused with brown from costa to submedian fold, 
the terminal area creamy white, the inner half of basal area, the 
medial area towards costa and inner margin and beyond the cell 
irrorated with silvery blue ; antemedial line silvery blue, oblique 




Fig. 66. — Chrysoecia scira, ^. \. 

from costa to submedian fold, angled inwards on vein 1 and 
excurved above inner margin ; orbicular and reuiform olive-fulvous, 
indistinctly defined, tbe former round with silvery blue spot in 
centre, the latter with silvery blue line in centre ; postmedial line 
represented by the curved waved edge of brown area from costa to 
vein 2, with silvery blue point on costa and double oblique striae 
from inner margin, defined by an olive-fulvous band on outer side. 
Hind wing fuscous brown, the cilia whitish at tips ; the underside 
whitish suffused and irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Mexico, Guerrero {H. II. Smith), 1 $ type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 34 millim. 

Genus NICARA. 

Type. 
Nikara, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 126 (1882) castanea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, short, the 2nd joint broadly 
scaled, the 3rd minute ; frons smooth ; eyes large, rounded ; antennse oF male 
minutely ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales and without 
crests ; tibije fringed with rather long hair on outer side ; abdomen without 
crests. Fore wing rather short and broad, the apex rounded, the termen 
obliquely curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 
6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discocellulars; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

4539. Nicara castanea. 

Nikara castanea, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 126, pi. 4. f. 24 (1882) ; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 233. 

c?. Head and thorax dark brown irrorated with blue-grey; 
tarsi with pale rings ; abdomen dark brown. Fore wing dark 



184 NOCTUID^E. 

brown irroratcd with bluc-grcy to postmcdial line, extending to 
median nervure and vein 2, the submedian fold except at base, the 
postmedial area and apex deep coppery red, the inner area pale 
rufous irroratcd with blue-grey ; the terminal area blue-grey ; sub- 
basal line absent ; antemedial line indistinct, deep red, very 
oblique from costa to submedian fold, then obsolete ; claviform 
absent ; orbicular with red centre and blue-grey annulus, very 
narrow and extremely oblique : reniform very indistinct, its centre 
defined by brown and with faint blue-grey annulus ; postmedial 




Fig. &1 .—Nicara castanea, J', x- 

line strong, black-brown, oblique from co.sta to vein 6, tlien 
excurved to vein 2 where it terminates, emitting streak.s towards 
cell above and below veins 5 and 2, a patch of blue-grey irroration 
beyond it on costa ; subterminal line blue-grey defined on each 
side by pale rufous, evenly curved and obsolete on costal and inner 
areas ; cilia rufous. Hind wing very dark brown, the cilia grey at 
tips ; the underside blue-grey thickly irroratcd with brown, a 
brown discoidal lunule and diffused curved postmedial line. 
Hah. SiKHiM (Pilcher), 2 cJ . Uxj). 40 millim. 

Genus APOCALYMNIA, nov. 

Type, A. icnthro^a. 

Proboscis fiilly developed ; palpi upturned, the 2ncl joint reaching about 
to middle of frons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short; frons with large 
corneous process with raised edges ; eyes large, rounded ; antenna? ot female 
laminate ; head and thorax clothed almost entirely with scales, the prothoras 
witlioiit crest, the metathorax with slight crest ; tibijB moderately fringed with 
hair ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. P^ore wing with the apex 
rounded, the termen sliglitly waved and somewhat excised towards tornus ; 
veins o and .5 from near angle of cell ; (i from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anasto- 
mosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6,7 from 
upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4540. Apocalymnia tenebrosa. 

Caradrina fenchrosa. Hnijisn. J. Bomb. Soc. xiv. p. 204 (1902). 

2 . Head and thorax puri:)]ish grey mixed with brown ; palpi 
lilack at sides ; frons fuscous at sides ; pectus whitish, the tarsi 
black ringed with white ; abdomen whitish irrorated with brown 
and dorsally tinged with brown. Fore wing purplish grey, irro- 
rated with fuscous and suffused in parts with brown ; subbasal 



ArOCALTlIxrA. nyPl'ECALYMN'IA, 185 

line represented bj' an oblique l)lack striga from costa ; antemcdial 
line very oblique and black from costa to median nervure, then 
very indistinct, minntely dentate and inwardly oblique ; orbicular 
absent ; reniform faintly defined by fuscous, somewhat constricted 
at middle ; medial line black and very oblique from costa to lower 
an,2:le of cell, then indistinct, diffused and inwardly oblique; post- 
medial line black and very oblique from costa to vein 6, then 
reduced to slight streaks and dentate marks, excurved to vein 4, 
then oblique ; a dark brown patch on postmedial part of costa with 




Fig. 68. — Apocalyninia tcnebrosa, J. \. 

some pale points on costa ; subtcrminal line hardly traceable, 
minutely dentate, with diffused blackish streaks beyond it above 
and below vein 5 ; a series of minute black points just before 
termen ; cilia fuscous intersected with grey. Hind wing wliitish 
tinged with ochreous, the terminal area suffused with brown 
especially on the veins ; cilia brownish with fine pale line at base 
and whitish tips ; the underside with the costal and terminal areas 
irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal spot. 

Hvl). Madras, Cuddapah, Horsleykouda (Camphell), 1 $ type. 
E.rj). 30 millim. 

Genus HYPERCALYMNIA, nov. 

Type, H. metaxaniha. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, short, iiardly i-eaching 
to middle of frons and slightly fringed with hair in front ; frons with rounded 
corneous prominence with raised edges and corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 
round ; antennaj of male laminate and almost simple; thorax clothed with 
rough hair and scales mixed, the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests ; 
tibite slightly fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and not creuulate ; veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 
8 to i'orm the areole ; II from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4541. Hypercalymnia metaxantha, n. sp, 

c? . Head yellowish white ; antennae tinged with rufous ; thorax 
pale yellow mixed with rufous ; abdomen pale rufous tinged with 
brown, the ventral surface whitish. Fore wing yelhiwish white ; 
the basal area irrorated with rufous and brownish ; an oblique 
diffused fuscous line from upper angle of cell to inner margin, with 



186 



KOCTUID-E. 



whitish baud before it and brownish suffusion beyond it ; post- 
medial line whitish, oblique from costa to discal fold, then in- 
wardly oblique to submedian fold and bent outwards to inner 
margin, some brownish suffusion beyond it on costal area ; the 




Fig. 69. — Hypercalymnia mefaxantha, (^ . \. 

terminal area rufous with an ill-defined oblique whitish bar across 
apex ; a terminal series of slight brownish points ; cilia brownish 
white. Hind wing pale yellow. 

Ilab. Congo, Katanga Distr. {Nenve), 1 S type. Exp. 34 millim. 



Genua MUSOTHYMA. 
Musofhynia, Meyr. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1897, p. 375... 



Type. 
cyanastis. 

Pi'oboscis fully developed ; palpi slender, upturned to above vertex of head ; 
frons with rounded prominence with small corneous plate below it ; eyes 
smooth ; aiitenuie of male minutely ciliated ; thorax smoothly scaled ; abdomen 
with dorsal crests on 1st three segments, the crest on 3rd segment large, the 
male with large lateral tufts at base from edge of stigmata. Fore wing with 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8, 9 stalked ; 
10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent 
from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomos- 
ing with the cell near base only. 



*4542. Musothyma cyanastis. 

Mtisoihyma cyanastis, Meyr. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1897, p. 375. 

J . Head and tegulae pale ochreous, the 3rd joint of palpi and 
frons above black ; thorax olive-brown ; abdomen olive-brown, 
whitish below. Fore wing brownish ochreous thickly irrorated 




Fig. 70. — Muiothyma cyanastis, S • t- 

with large black scales to the postmedial line ; a slate-coloured 
fascia on inner margin, bent upwards on inner side of postmedial 
lino to vein 2 where it is met by an obscure diffused oblique 
blackish baud from middle of costa; postmedial line whitish, 



MUSOTIIYiVrA. CALVMXIA, 187 

oblique from costa to vein 6, escurved to vein 4, then strongly 
incurved ; a slate-coloured wedge-shaped mark, oblique from costa 
before apex to near termen at vein 5, its edges defined by "whitish ; 
ill-defined dark streaks on terminal area on veins 5 and 2 ; an 
incurved whitish subterminal line towards inner margin. Hind 
wing yellowish, the terminal area strongly and the inner area 
slightly suffused with fuscous brown. 

Hah. Queensland, Townsville (Dodd), in Coll. Turner. Ex2J. 
32 millim. 

Genus CALYMNIA. 

Type. 

Calymnia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 235 (1827) trapesina. 

Eicsiegnia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 236 (1827) diffinis. 

Euperia, Griien. Anu. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1839, p. 486 trapesina. 

Proboscis fullj* developed ; palpi obliquely nptunied, the 2ncl joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and moderately scaled in front, the 3rd moderate ; frons 
smooth; eyes large, round; antennse of male laminate and ciliated; thorax 
smoothly clothed with hair and hair-like scales and without crests ; tibise 
moderately fringed with hair; abdomen with some rough hair at base and 
lateral fringes of hair but without crests. Fore wing with the apex somewhat 
produced and acute, the termen nearly straight to vein 4, then oblique, typically 
not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from iipper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 6 obsolescent from just below middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

A. Fore wing with the postmedial line obliquely downeurved 

from costa to vein 6. 

a. Fore wing with wedge-shaped white patch on costa at 

postmedial line. 

a^. Fore wing with oblique quadrate white patch from costa 

at antemedial line with outwardly oblique white point 

from its lower extremity resiiiula 

i'. Fore wing with small triangular white patch from costa 

at antemedial line, its lower extremity bent inwards. . . diffinis. 
h. Fore wing without wedge-shaped white patch on costa at 
postmedial line. 
a^. Fore wing with chocolate-brown patch beyond the cell 
extending to costa before and beyond the postmedial 

line which is strong and white on costal area cara. 

h^. Fore wing without chocolate-brown patch beyond the 
cell. 
a^. Fore wing with the postmedial line oblique from 

vein 4 to inner margin near tornus cthiopica. 

h-. Fore wing with the postmedial line not oblique from 
vein 4 to near tornus. 
rt^. Fore wing with the antemedial line oblique, waved, pyralina. 
l^. Fore wing with the antemedial line angled out- 
wards below costa, then oblique to inner margin, affinis. 
c^. Fore wing with the antemedial line angled out- 
wards below costa and excurved on inner area ... Jlavifimhria. 
cP. Fore wing with the antemedial line oblique from 
costa to above inner margin to which it is bent 

inwards camptostigma. 

e-\ Fore wing with the antemedial line oblique 

th roughout U7i icolora. 



18S jtoctuid.t;. 

B. Fore wing with tbo postmedial line oblique from cosfa 
to vein H. 
a. Fore wing with the postmedial line minutely waved 
below vein 6. 

«!. Head, thorax, and fore wing creamy white jancousci. 

b^. Head, thorax, and fore wing suffused with red-brown 
or dark brown. 

o2. Fore wing with the lines whitish achatina. 

I)". Fore wing with the lines dark ochreimargo. 

h. Fore wing with the postmedial line not waved. 

ffi. Hind wing yellow, the terminal area suffused with 

fuscous moderaia. 

/;'. Hind wing wholly suffused with fuscous brown exigua. 

t'. Hind wing more or less strongly tinged with fuscous 

brown, tlie costal area yellow trapcziiia. 

f/'. Hind wing white or yellowish white. 

I/-. Fore wing pale yellow without pinkish and olive- 
green tinge. 
a^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines 

defined by pale yellow orina. 

h^. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines not 

defined by yellow subtllis. 

I)-. Fore wing greyish suffused with pinkish and olive- 
green olivescens. 

■ C. Fore wing with the postmedial line slightly angled out- 
wards below costa, then oblique and almost straight. 

a. Fore wing olive-brown with the lines strong, grey bifa&ciaia. 

b. Fore wing chocolate-red, the costal area suffused with 

violaceous grey, the lines fine gemmella. 

4543. Calymnia restituta. 

Cosmia restituta, Wlk. x. 490 (1856) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 321 ; 

Sraud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 203. 
Calymnia pida, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 257 ; id. Rom. Mem. vi. 

p. 503, pi. 10. f. 2. 

Head and thorax grey-brown ; palpi and fore coxae white in 
front ; pectus whitish ; abdomen grey-brown with slight whitish 
segmental rings, the ventral surface white, the anal tuft tinged 
with rufous. Fore wing grey-brown, the inner area greyer ; sub- 
basal line represented by an oblique pure white bar defined by 
brown from costa to median nervure ; antemedial line with oblique 
white patch from costa defined by brown, acutely angled outwards 
below costa and slightly inwards on median nervure, with oblique 
white bar from its lower extremity ending in a small rounded spot 
above submedian fold and with slight oblique dark line from it to 
inner margin ; orbicular indistinct, yellowish with some rufous in 
centre, round ; reniform a faint yellowish bar defined by brown on 
inner side and with some fuscous on outer side ; two widely sepa- 
rated brown postmedial lines, oblique from costa to vein 6 and 
inwardly oblique below vein 5, with an oblique triangular pure 
white patch beyond it from costa, bent outwards at lower extremity ; 
subterminal line faint, greyish slightly defined by brown on inner 
side and with oblique white striga on it from costa, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle and bent outwards to tornus ; cilia with a 



CALYMXIA. 189 

faint greyish line at base. Hind wing with the basal half grey- 
brown, the terminal half fuscous brown ; an indistinct dark dis- 
coidal lunule ; cilia pure white; the underside white tinged and 
irrorated with reddish brown, a dark discoidal lunule and rather 
diffused curved, postmedial line, the area beyond it suffused with 
fuscous from vein 6 to tornus, 

Ab. 1, pic^rt. Head and thorax bright rufous; fore wing bright 
rufous, the inner area pinkish, the terminal area suffused with 
brown, the orbicular and reniform more distinct. 

Fore wing with the termen and cilia crenulate towards tornus. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Ussuri ; Japan, Yesso (Piyer), 1 $ ; Pttnjab, 
]\Iurree {Harford), 3 c5' , 1 $ ; Nepal {Hardiviclce), 1 S typo. 
Exp. 32-36 millim. 

4544. Calymnia diffinis. 

Noctua diffinis, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. xii. p. 848 (17fi7) ; Esp.'Schmett. ir. 

pi. 134. f. 2; Hiibn. Bur. Scliiuett., Noct. f. 202; Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. 

pt. 1, p. 116, pi. 108. f. 4 ; Stepb. 111. Brit. Eut., Haust. iii. p. 60; Frr. 

Neue Beitr. pi. 130; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 203. 
Cosmia conjinis, Herr.-Scbiift'. Schmett. Eur. ii. p. 224, Noct. f. 450 (1845). 

Head and thorax bright chestnut-red ; palpi pale brown, white in 
front towards base ; antcnnte brown, the shaft ringed with white 
towards base ; tegular slightly edged with white ; pectus white ; 
tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen pale brown with slight grey 
segmental rings, anal tuft rufous, the ventral surface white tinged 
with rufous towards extremity. Fore wing bright chestnut-red, the 
inner area jjiiikish to antemedial line, the inner half of medial and 
postmedial areas and the terminal area rather paler red ; subbasal 
line puj-e white, oblique, from costa to median nervure ; antemedial 
line with wedge-shaped white mark from costa defined by brown, 
its lower extremity bent inwards in cell, with very oblique brown 
line defined on inner side by pinkish from it to inner margin ; faint 
traces of a small round orbicular and of a reddish reniform defined 
by brown ; a rather diffused brown medial line oblique from costa 
to lower angle of cell, then incurved ; postmedial line with piire 
white triangular patch from costa to vein 6, bent outwards at lower 
extremity and with oblique slightlj' incurved dark line defined by 
pinkish white on outer side from it to inner margin, two white 
points beyond it on costa and a diffused blackish streak from its 
angle to subterminal line, which is white towards costa, then 
pinkish white, slightly angled outwards at vein 7 and excurved at 
middle ; two small subapical black spots and some minute blackish 
points on apical half of termen ; cilia with a fine pinkish line 
through them. Hind wing greyish suffused with yellow-brown, the 
terminal area darker; cilia whitish tinged with rufous at base and 
with slight rufous line through them ; the nnderside yelloAvish 
white slightly tinged with brown and the costal area irrorated with 
rufous, a small dark discoidal spot, rather diffused sinuous post- 
medial line from costa to submedian fold, and diffused subterminal 
band. 



190 NoeruiD.Tj. 

Ab. 1. confi.iis. Fore wing much paler. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Geemant, 
Zeller and Fry Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary, Leech Coll. ; Switzerland ; 
Spain; Lialy ; Greece, Merlin Coll. ; Turkey; S. Russia, Sarepta ; 
Asia Minor, Pontus, Bithyuia, Lydia ; Syria. Exp. 32-38 
millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 117 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 322, pi. 225. f. 1. 

Green ; dorsal line ochreous whitish ; subdorsal line irregular, 
whitish with darker edges : spiracular line pale yellow ; dots 
ochreous whitish ; head very dark brown. Food-plant : Elm. 5-6. 

4545. Calymnia cara. (Plate CXLI. fig. 26.) 

Dyrzela. cam, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1«81, p. 188. 

Calymnia poiicinafa, Grtes. Berl. eut. Zeit. sxxv. p. 75 (1890); Stand. Cat. 
Lep. pal. p. 203. 

Head and thorax rufous slightly tinged with grej^ : pectus greyer ; 
abdomen pale grey-brown. Fore wing rufous with slight pale irrora- 
tion, the medial area tinged with pink except towards costa and inner 
margin ; a slight oblique brownish subbasal line defined by pink on 
outer side, from costa to submedian fold; antemediallinebroAyn defined 
by pink on inner side, very oblique, straight; orbicular represented 
by a dark point, the reniform a blackish lunule with deep chestnut- 
red patch beyond it extending to postmediul line and with deep 
rufous suffusion from it to costa before and beyond postmedial line; 
an indistinct incurved brown line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line brown defined on outer side by pure white 
towards costa, then by pink, obliquely downcurved from costa to 
vein 6, then oblique and slightly sinuous; a diffused oblique pink 
shade from apex to middle of postmedial line with prominent 
elliptical black subapical spot on it with black points above and 
below it. Hind wing greyish suffused with yellow-brown ; cilia 
white with a brown line near base and faintly tinged with pink at 
apes; the underside grey slightly tinged with brown, the costal 
and apical areas with pink, a slight discoidal bar and curved 
minutely waved postmedial line from costa to submedian fold. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Amurland, lladde, type t cJ penic'dlata in 
Coll. Plingeler ; Japan, Tokio {Fenton), 1 5 type. Exji. 30 millim. 

4546. Calymnia ethiopica. 

Calymnia ethiopica, Hmpsu. Traus. Zool. Soc. xix. p. 107, pi. iv. f. 14 
(1909). 

9 . Head and thorax rufous mixed with grey-white ; palpi 
brown, whitish towards tips; antennae brown, whitish at base; 
pectus and legs whitish mixed with fuscous brown. Abdomen 
dark brown slightly mixed with greyish. Fore wing ochreous 
suff'used with rufous and slightly irrorated with blackish, the veins 
slightly streaked with blackish ; subbasal line represented by a 
slio'ht dark striga from costa ; antemedial line black defined by 



CALYMNIA. 191 

whitish on inner side, nearly erect and slightly incurved from suh- 
costal nervure to vein 1 ; orbicular a dark point, the reniform a 
small lunulo faintly defined by blackish ; a rather diffused oblique 
sinuous fuscous medial line ; postmedial line black defined by white 
on outer side, very oblique and ending near toruus, excurved from 
below costa to vein 4, the area beyond it whitish irrorated with 
fuscous to the subterminal lino, which is whitish defined on inner 
side by fuscous suffusion between veins 6 and 3, slightly excurved 
below vein 7 and ending at tornus ; a dark brown terminal line ; 
cilia pale yellow at base, brownish at tips. Hind wing whitish 
suffused with reddish brown ; a large dark discoidal lunule and 
traces of a curved postmedial line ; some dark points on termen ; 
cilia pale yellow at base, brownish at tips ; the underside whitish 
irrorated with dark brown, a large black-brown discoidal lunule, 
curved postmedial line and terminal series of small lunules. 

Hah. Uganda, Ruwenzori, 6000 feet {Legge), 1 5 type, Exp. 30 
millira. 



4547. Calymnia pyralina, 

Noctiia jyyralina, Schiff. Wien Verz. p. 88 (1776); View. Tab. Verz. ii. 

p. 87 (1789) ; Hiibii. Eur. Schmett., Noet. f. 203 ; Dup. Lep Fr. rii. 

pt. 1, p. 122, pi. 108. f. 6 ; Stepli. 111. Brit. Eut., Haust. iii. p. 61 ; 

Frr. Neue Beitr. pi. 129 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 203. 
Noctua cortcsca, Esp. Schmett, iv. pi. 135. ff. 4, 5 (17SS). 

Head and thorax bright chestnut-red: pectus greyish; tibial 
spurs whitish, the tarsi with slight pale rings ; abdomen pale grev- 
brown, the anal tuft rufous, the ventral surface whitish tinged 
with rufous. Fore wing bright chestnut-red ; traces of an oblique 
brownish subbasal line from costa to submedian fold ; antemediai 
line brown, slightly defined on inner side by yellowish towards 
costa, oblique, sinuous ; orbicular and reniform hardly traceable, 
the former round with minute black point in centre, the latter with 
slight dark lunule ; medial line dark, rather diflfused, oblique from 
costa to vein 6 well beyond the cell, oblique and minutely waved 
below vein 4; postmedial line brown defined by white on outer 
side from costa to vein 4, very oblique to vein 6, oblique and 
slightly incurved below vein 5, some white irroration beyond it on 
costal area ; subterminal line white and oblique towards costa, 
angled outwards at vein 7, then indistinct, pale, incurved to post- 
medial line at discal fold ; two small black subapical spots followed 
by a terminal series of black points ; cilia with a slight dark 
line through them. Hind wing whitish ochreous tinged with 
brown especially on terminal area ; the termen slightly and cilia 
pale yellow tinged with rufous on apical half; the underside 
yellowish white, the costal area tinged and irrorated with rufous, a 
slight dark discoidal lunule and curved sinuous postmedial line 
from costa to submedian fold. 

Ab. 1. Head, thorax, and fore wing browner. 

Hab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Leech Coll. ; Germant, 



192 xocrriDiE. 

Zeller, Fiey, and Leech Colls. ; Austkia ; Hctngaey, Leech Coll. ; 
Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; Italy ; Algeria {Mrs. Nicholl) ; Scandi- 
navia ; S.W. Russia ; Armenia ; E. Siberia, Ussuri ; Japan, Yesso 
{Fryer), 1 J , 1 $ . Exj). 30-40 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 117; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 319, pi. 224. f. 2. 

Yellowish green irrorated with yellowish white ; dorsal line 
yellowish white tinged with pink at extremities ; subdorsal line 
formed of .yellowish-Avhite dots, interrupted ; spiracular line greenish 
white ; head ochreous irrorated with red-brown. Food-plants : 
Pear, Plum. 4-5. 

4548. Calymnia affinis. 

Noctua affinis, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. xii. p. 848 (1767); Esp. Sehmett. iv. 

pi. 134. f. 1 ; Ildbn. Eur. Sehmett., Noct. f. 201 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. 

pt. 1, p. 119, pi. IDS. f. 5; Staph. 111. Brit. Eat., Haust. iii. p. 01; 

Stand. Cat. Lep, i^al. p. 203. 
Noctua ■paUlaia, Fabr. Eut. Syst. iii. pt. 2, p. 38 (1793). 

Head and thorax bright rufous slightly mixed with grey; palpi 
white irrorated with fuscous ; antennae fuscous ringed with white 
towards base ; pectus and legs white, the latter irrorated Avith 
brown ; abdomen grey-brown with slight yellowish segmental rings, 
the ventral surface white tinged with rufous towards extremity. 
Fore wing bright rufous, with slight dark irroration ; subbasal line 
indistinct, pale, oblique, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial 
line fuscous defined by whitish on inner side especially towards 
costa, slightly excurved below costa, then very oblique ; orbicular 
and reniform hardly traceable, the former round with black point 
in centre, the latter with two blackish points in centre ; medial Hue 
rather diffused, blackish, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, 
then inwardly oblique ; postmedial line brown detiued by whitish 
on outer side, oblique from costa to vein 6, then inwardly oblique, 
two slight whitish striae beyond it from costa ; sub terminal line 
indistinct, pale, whitish towards costa, slightly defined by brown 
on inner side, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; two small 
subapical black spots followed by a terminal series of minute points. 
Hind wing greyish suffused with brown, the terminal area broadly 
bliick-brow^n ; cilia bright yellow tinged with fuscous at base 
towards apex and tornus ; the underside whitish tinged with fuscous, 
the costal area and apical part of termen yellow, a faint diffused 
medial dark band, blackish discoidal lunule, and oblique postmedial 
line with the area beyond it black from vein 6 to tornus. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with some whitish suffusion beyond i)0stmedial 
line on costal area. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing much greyer brown with hardly any rufous 
suffusion, with or without white suffusion bej'ond postmedial line. 

Ab. 3. Similar, but fore wing with patches of black suffusion. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Zeller and Sand Colls. ; Ger- 
many, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary, Leech Coll. ; 
Switzerland ; Spain ; Italy : Greece ; Algeria ; Scandin.avia ; 



CALYMNIA. 193 

Aemenia ; W. Turkestan, Turcomaiiia ; Japan, Oiwake (Pryer), 
1 (S , 1 $ , Kiushiu, 1 2 , yokohama (Jonas, Manley, Pryer), \ c? , 
4 2 . Bay. 32-40 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 117; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 325, pi. 225. f.2. 

Green; dorsal and subdorsal lines white; spiracular line 
yellowish white, sometimes dark-edged above; dots white; head 
yellowish green. Food-plant: Elm, 5-6. 

4549, Calymnia flavifimbria, n. sp. (Plate CXLI, fig. 27.) 
Cosmia affinis, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p, 321, part, (nee Linn.), 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with ochreous ; pectus 
whitish tinged with brown, the tarsi with whitish rings ; abdomen 
ochreous wliite sufi'used with brown, the anal tuft yellow tinged 
with rufous. Fore wing greyish ochreous irrorated and in parts 
suflfused with yellow-brown; subbasal line indistinct, whitish, from 
costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line brown defined by white 
on inner side, oblique, slightly angled outwards below costa and 
excurved below submedian fold ; orbicular and reniform indistinct, 
ochreous tinged with rufous, the former round with dark point in 
centre, the latter defined by diffused brown ; a diffused brown 
medial line oblique from costa to reniform and incurved below the 
cell ; postmedial line brown defined by white on outer side, oblique 
from costa to vein 6 and incurved below vein 4 ; subterminal line 
indistinct, pale defined by brown suffusion on inner side, angled 
outwards at vein 7 and inwards to postmedial line at discal fold, 
excurved at middle and bent outwards to tornus ; cilia ochreous 
tinged with rufous. Fore wing ochreous tinged with brown, the 
terminal area broadly fuscous ; cilia bright yellow ; the underside 
j-ellow, traces of a sinuous medial shade, a slight blackish discoidal 
lunule, a slightly curved postmedial line, the area beyond it suffused 
with black from vein 7 to tornus. 

Hab. Kashmir, Goorais \ alley (Leech), 1 c? type; Punjab, 1 $ . 
Exj). 40 millim, 

4550. Calymnia camptostigma. 

Heliothis camptostigma, Men. Bull, de I'Acad. St. Petersb. xvii. p. 219 
(1859) ; id. Schrenck, Eeis. Amurl. pi. 5. ff. 1, 2 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. 
p. 203. 

Cosmia distincta, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 192 (1878); id. 111. Het. B M. 
ii. p. 32, pi. 31. f. 2; Oberth. 'ti. Ent. vi. p. 19, pi. 9. f. 7. 

Head and thorax red-brown tinged with grey-white especially 
on head ; palpi with the 2nd joint red-brown at sides ; abdomen 
grey-brown, the anal tuft tinged with rufous. Fore wing grey 
suffused with rufous and irrorated with black especially on ante- 
medial area, outer half of medial area and postmedial area ; sub- 
basal line blackish defined by white on outer side, excurved below 
costa and ending at median nervure ; antemedial line blackish 
defined by white on inner side, oblique from costa to vein 1 and 
bent inwards to inner margin ; orbicular represented by traces of 

VOL. IX, o 



194 xocioiDji. 

a minute whitish annulus, the reniform hy a small black spot at 
lower angle of cell ; a diffused fuscous-brown medial shade oblique 
from costa to beyond lower angle of cell, then incurved ; post- 
medial line brown defined by white on outer side, obliquely 
iucurved from costa to vein 6 and incurved below vein 5 ; sub- 
terminal line yellowish white slightly defined by blackish suffusion 
on inner side and with blackish patch before it on costa, excurved 
below vein 7 and at middle and angled inwards in discal fold ; a 
terminal series of brown striae ; cilia with a fuscous line through 
them. Hind wing reddish brown, the terminal area broadly 
suffused with fuscous ; the termen narrowly and cilia bright yellow ; 
tne underside yellowish white slightly tinged with fuscous on inner 
area, a diffused sinuous black postmedial line obsolescent towards 
costa and with blackish suffusion beyond it on inner half. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing greyer with hardly any dark irroration. 

Ab. 2, Fore wing with the medial area bright rufous. 

Ab. 3. Fore wing wholly suffused, with bright rufous. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Amurland, 16, 1 $ , Chabarofka, 2 (^ , 3 5 : 
Japan, Hakodate, 1 $ , Tokio {Fenton), 2 S , Yokohama (Jonas, 
Fryer, Manley), 4^,2$; China. Exp. 36-40 millim. 

4551. Calymnia unicolora. (Plate CXLI. fig. 28.) 

Calymnia unicolor, Staud. Eom. Mem. vi. p. 502 (1892) ; id. Cat. Lep. 
pal. p. 203. 

$ , Head and thorax red-brown mixed with greyish ochreous ; 
antennae ringed with ochreous ; tarsi with slight pale rings ; 
abdomen red-brown mixed with greyish, the anal tuft ochreous 
tinged with rufous, the ventral surface paler. Fore wing red- 
brown irrorated with ochreous and grey : subbasal line indistinct, 
brown defined by grey on outer side, oblique, from costa to sub- 
median fold ; antemedial line brown defined by grey on inner side, 
very oblique, straight ; orbicular a minute ochreous annulus with 
blackish point in centre ; reniform a very indistinct ochreous mark, 
somewhat constricted at middle and with slight dark point in lower 
part ; medial line brown, indistinct and somewhat diffused, oblique 
from costa to reniform and inwardly oblique from lower angle of cell 
to inner margin at antemedial line ; postmedial line brown defined 
bv grey on outer side, oblique from costa to vein 6, then inwardly 
oblique and almost straight, some ochreous points beyond it on 
costa ; subtermiiial line indistinct, pale, excurved below vein 7 and 
at middle ; a terminal series of black points ; cilia with slight 
ochreous lines at base and middle. Hind wing greyish suffused 
with brown, the terminal area broadly fuscous ; a small blackish 
discoidal lunule ; cilia bright yellow with slight brown line near 
base on apical half and towards tornus ; the underside ochreous 
whitish, the costal area irrorated with brown, a blackish discoidal 
lunule and oblique postmedial line, the area beyond it suffused with 
fuscous from vein 6 to tornus. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Amurland, 1 $ , TJssuri. Exp. 34 millim. 



195 



*4552. Calymnia jancousci. 

Eugraphia jankowslcii, Oberth. Et. Eut. x. p. 25, pi. 3. f. 8 (1884); Stand. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 203. 

Head and thorax white tinged with ochreous ; antennae black 
with the basal joint yellowish ; legs pale yellow, the tarsi with 
black points ; abdomen orange-yellow, whitish at base. Eore wing 
crea:ny white irrorated with grey except on inner and apical areas ; 
subbasal line represented by a blackish striga from costa ; ante- 
medial line represented by a black striga from costa, then slight 
and excnrved ; orbicular yellowish defined by black, small, round ; 
reniform a wbite patch with black point in centre ; a black striga 
from middle of costa ; postmedial line very indistinct, oblique from 
costa to vein 6, then minutely waved, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved, some black points beyond it on costa ; traces of some dark 
subterminal points ; cilia with a series of black points at tips. 
Hind wing orange-yellow; a medial black line from below costa to 
submedian fold ; a black subterminal band with sinuous edges from 
below apex to above tornus towards which it narrows. Underside 
of fore wing yellow, the costal and apical areas white, a blackish 
antemedial striga ft-om costa, two discoidal bars, a postmedial striga 
from costa and a diffused band from below costa t-o above tornus, 
some black points on apical part of costa ; hind wing with sinuous 
medial line and black postmedial line from costa to the subterminal 
band which arises at vein 6. 

Hah, E. SrBEiti.\, Amurland, Sidemi. Exp. 42 millim. This 
species is unknown to me. 



4553. Calymnia achatina. (Plate CXLI. fig. 29.) 

Cosmia achatina, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv. p. 365 (1879). 

(5 . Head and thorax reddish brown largely mixed with grey ; 
tarsi ringed with w^hite ; abdomen red-brown, the ventral surface 
whitish irrorated with brown. Fore wing greyish tinged with 
red-brown and irrorated with dark brown ; subbasal line grey, 
waved, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line grey-white, 
oblique, irregularly waved ; orbicular small, round, whitish slightly 
defined by brown and with some rufous in centre ; reniform with 
greyish annulus and whitish bar on inner side, defined by brown 
and with some blackish in centre ; an indistinct diffused brown bar 
from costa to reniform and waved line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line grey-white slightly defined on each 
side by brown, oblique from costa to vein 6, then minutely dentate, 
inwardly oblique to submedian fold, then slightly bent outwards ; 
subterminal line whitish, slightly defined on inner side by brown 
and with black-brown bar before it from costa, excurved below vein 
7 and at middle and bent outwards to tornus ; a terminal series of 
black spots slightly defined by whitish on inner side ; cilia with a 

2 



196 NOlTtTID.E. 

slight dark line through them. Hind wing dark red-brown ; cilia 
yellowish white with a red-brown line through them ; the under- 
side red-brown tinged with greyish at. base and on inner area and 
the costal area irrorated with grey, and indistinct dark discoidal 
spot and diffused dark postmedial line from costa to vein 4. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing darker, the lines less distinct. 

2 . Underside of hind wing ochreous greyish, the black discoidal 
spot, sinuous postmedial line, and subterrainal shade distinct. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing pale greyish ochreous tinged with rufous, the 
white lines distinct ; hind wing ochreous yellow, ihe terminal area 
fuscous black. 

Hah. Japan, Oiwake (Pryer), 1 $ , Yokohama (Pryer), 2 <^ , 4 5 
type. Exp. 32-36 millim. 

4554. Calymnia ochreimargo. (Plate CXLI. fig. 30.) 

Caradrina ochreimargo, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 264 (1894). 

J . Head and thorax rufous with a slight greyish tinge ; pectus 
paler ; legs tinged with brown ; abdomen greyish brown, the anal 
tuft rufous, the ventral surface ochreous tinged with rufous and 
irrorated with some black scales. Fore wing greyish suffused with 
rufous and slightly irrorated with black ; traces of a brownish 
subbasal line from costa to submedian fold ; autemedial line indis- 
tinct, brown, very oblique and nearly straight ; orbicular and reni- 
form represented by faint ochreous marks ; an indistinct diffused 
red-brown medial line, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, 
then inwardly oblique to the antemedial line at inner margin ; 
postmedial line brown slightly defined by whitish on outer side, 
very minutely waved, oblique from costa to vein 6 and slightly 
incurved below vein 3 ; subterminal line indistinct, pale, slightly 
defined on inner side by brown and with triangular brown shade 
before it on costa, obli(|ue towards costa, excurved below vein 7 and 
at middle ; a terminal series of small black spots ; cilia rufous with 
brown line at middle and brown tips. Hind wing orange-yellow, 
the basal area slightly tinged with fuscous below the cell; a 
sinuous postmedial line with broad fuscous band beyond it leaving 
the termen and cilia yellow; the underside yellow tinged with 
rufous, a diffused fuscous postmedial line, obsolescent and rufous 
towards costa, incurved below vein 2 and bent outwards to tornus. 

2 . Hind wing with the basal area greyish suffused with fuscous, 
the termen with slight yellow marks. 

Hah. Punjab, Deobari (Stehbimj), 1 d" ; Sikhim, 7000' (Pilcher), 
1 2 • E'^P- (S 42, 2 -AS millim. " 

4555. Calymnia moderata. 

Calymnia moderata, Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 257 ; id. Rom. Mem. 

vi. p. 504, pi. 10. f. 1 ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 203. 
Calymnia grandifica, Grses. Berl. eat. Zeit. 1888, p. 356. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale brownish ochreous; pectus 



CALYMNIA. 197 

and legs whitisli slightly irrorated with brown. Fore wing pale 
brownish ochreous with slight dark irroration, the terminal area 
slightly suffused with brown except at apex ; subbasal line absent ; 
antemedial line pale brown, very oblique, straight; orbicular and 
reniform absent ; a rather diffused curved brown medial line, 
anastomosing with the antemedial line at inner margin ; postniedial 
line brown, obliqiie from costa to vein 6, then inwardly oblique 
and almost straight ; subterminal line indistinct, pale slightly 
defined by brown on inner side and with slight brownish triangular 
mark before it on costa, very slightly excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle and bent outwards to tornus; cilia red-brown at base, brownish 
ochreous at tips. Hind wing pale ochreous yellow ; a sinuous 
fuscous postmedial line, angled oiitwards at vein 4, the area beyond 
it suffused with fuscous, leaving the termen and cilia bright 
ochreous ; the underside pale ochreous yellow with faint diffused 
postmedial line incurved below vein 2, the cilia reddish. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Amurland, 1 <S , Ussuri. Ex^j. 38 millim. 



4556. Calymnia exigua. (Plate CXLI. fig. 31.) 

Mesogona exigua, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soe. 1881, p. 182. 
Calymnia mturata. Stand. Eom. Mem. vi. p. 504 (1892) ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. 
p. 204. 

Head and thorax ochreous suffused with rufous ; antennae 
blackish towards tips; abdomen ochreous tinged with brown. Pore 
wing ochreous suffused with rufous and slightly irrorated with 
brown ; subbasal line brownish, from costa to submedian fold ; ante- 
medial line brown, very oblique and slightly incurved in cell ; 
orbicular with very faint yellowish annulus defined by a few brown 
scales, round ; reniform rufous slightly defined by brown and with 
small blackish spot in lower part, narrow, oblique ; a diffused brown 
medial shade, oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then in- 
wardly oblique ; postmedial line dark brown slightly defined by 
yellowish on outer side, oblique from costa to vein 6, inwardly 
oblique below vein 4 ; faint traces of a yellowish subterminal line, 
oblique towards costa and vety slightly excurved below vein 7 and 
at middle; a terminal series of small black spots; cilia rufous, 
brownish at tips. Hind wing ochreous uniformly suffused with 
brown ; a slight dark discoidal point ; cilia yellow ; the underside 
yellowish white slightly tinged with brown, a dark discoidal spot, 
rather diffused and shghtly waved postmedial line incurved below 
vein 2, a terminal series of dark striae. 

Bah. E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Yesso {Pryer, 
Andreu'es), 2 <5 , 2 $ , Oiwake (Pryer), 1 $ , Tokio (Fenton), 1 c? 
type ; W. China, Chaug-yang (Pratt), 1 d . £'.^73. 3t)-42 millim. 



198 NocTUiDJi:. 

4557. Calymnia trapezina. 

Nociua trapezina, Linn. Syst. Nat. e<l. x. p. 510 (1758) ; Esp. Sclimett. iv. 

pi. 87. £f. 2, 3; Hiibn. Eur. Schniett., Noct. f. 2U0 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. Tii. 

pi.. 1, p. 113, pi. 108. ff. 1, 3; Steph. 111. Brit. Eut., Haust. iii. p. 62; 

Frr. Neue Eeilr. pi. 624 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 204. 
Calymnia hadiofasciata, Teieh. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1883, p. 173. 
Calymnia obscura, Auriv. Nord. Fjar. p. 161 (1888). 

Head and thorax ochreoiis tinged with rufous and slightly mixed 
■with brown ; pectus and legs whitish tinged with brown ; abdomen 
ochreous slightly tinged with brown ; the anal tuft tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing ochreous irrorated with brown, the basal and 
postmedial areas suffused with whitish, the medial and terminal 
areas with rufous ; subbasal line faint, brownish, from costa to 
submediaii fold ; antemedial line brown defined by white on inner 
side, very oblique and almost straight ; orbicular and reniform. 
with rufous centres and yellow annuli faintly defined by fuscous, 
the former small, round, the latter narrow, its upper extremity 
omewhat bent outwards and with a small black spot in lower 
extremity : an indistinct diffused red-brown medial line, oblique 
from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique ; postmedial 
line white slightly defined on each side by brown, oblique from 




Fig. 71. — Calymnia trafozina, (J. j. 

costa to vein 6, inwardly oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line 
yellowish, slightly defined on inner side by brown especially on 
costal area, oblique towards costa and very slightly escurved at 
vein 7 and middle; a terminal series of slight dark points; cilia 
rufous tinged with brown. Hind wing ochreous suffused with 
brown especially on terminal area ; a terminal series of dark strije ; 
cilia yellow with a brown line through them ; the underside whitish 
tinged with brown, the costal area tinged with yellow and irrorated 
with brown, the terminal area suffused and irrorated with brown, 
a brown discoidal lunule and sinuous postmedial line except on 
inner area. 

Ab. 1, Fore wing with the ground-colour bright rufous. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing pale yellow slightly tinged with rufous, 
especially on medial area. 

Ab. 3. Fore wing ochreous white slightly suffused with brown 
especially on medial area. 

Ab. 4. Fore wing ochreous white irrorated Lut not suffused with 
brown. 



CALYMNIA. 199 

Ab. 5. hadiofasciata. Fore wing with the medial area fuscous 
or blackish. 

Hab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Feanck ; Gekmant, Zeller, Frey, 
and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; 
Corsica (Yerburij) ; Italy; Greece; ? Algeria; Russia, Livonia, 
Zeller Coll. ; Armenia ; Asia Minor, Pontus, Bithynia. E.vp. 
32-42 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 117 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 317, pi. 224. f. 1. 

Pale green ; dorsal and subdorsal lines narrow, yellowish white ; 
spiracular line broad, yellowish white, sometimes edged above with 
blackish grey; spots white with black centres ; head green. Food- 
plants : Oak, Elm, SalLv, etc., but usually carnivorous feeding on 
other caterpillars. 5-6. 

4558. Calymnia orina. (Plate CXLI. fig. 32.) 

Cosmia orina, Giien. Noct. ii. p. 10 (1852) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 

p. 212. 
Calymnia calami, Harv. Cat. Ent. viii. p. 54 (1876). 
Atethmia cancscens, Behr. Bull. Cal. Ac. Sci. i. p. 61 (1885) ; Smith, Cat. 

Noct. N. Am. p. 214. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale yellow suffused with bright 
rufous. Fore wing pale yellow suffused with bright rufous ; 
.'^ubbasal line represented by an oblique rufous striga from costa 
defined by pale j^ellow on inner side ; antemedial line rufous 
defined by pale yellow on inner side, very oblique and slightly 
sinuous; orbicular and reniform with pale yellow annuli, the former 
small, round, the latter narrow, oblique ; an indistinct, rather diffused 
rnfous medial line excurved from costa to lower angle of cell, then 
oblique ; postmedial line rufous defined by pale yellow on outer 
side, oblique from costa to vein 6 and slightly incurved below 
vein 4 ; cilia rather deeper rufous. Hind wing yellowish white ; 
the underside with the costa slightly tinged with rufous. 

Ab. 1. Head, thorax, and fore wing suffused with brown instead 
of rufous. 

Ab. 2. calami. Head, thorax, and fore wing pale yellow without 
rufous suffusion. 

Ab. 3. Fore wing with the stigmata filled in with fuscous and 
with fuscous patch beyond lower angle of cell. 

Hab. Canada, 1 c? ; U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York, 1 c? , 
1 5 , Texas, 1 d" , type calami, Colorado, 2 <S , California ( Walsing- 
liam), 1 S ■, Sta. Barbara (D' Urban), 2 c5', S. Joaquim, 1 c? , Arizona, 
Prescott, 2 S , Pinal Mts. {Kunze), 1 $ , Catalina Mts. (Oslar), 1 (S , 
3 $ . Exj>. 30-38 millim. 

4559. Calymnia subtilis. 

Cosmia mbiilis, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 33 ; Alph. Eom. Mem. v. 
p. 172, pi. 7. f. 8 ; Staud. Oat. Lep. pal. p. 204. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen yellowish white tinged with rufous. 
Fore wing pale yellow slightly irrorated with rufous: a slight 



200 NOcTriD.E. 

rufous subbasal line angled outwards in cell and ending at sub- 
median fold ; antemedial line red-brown, extremely oblique and 
almost straight ; orbicular and reniform defined by red-brown, the 
former large, round, the latter open above and somewhat produced 
at upper extremity ; a rather diffused brown medial line, rufous at 
costa, oblique to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique and 
anastomosing with the antemedial line at inner margin : postmedial 
line slight, red-brown, sinuous, oblique from costa to vein 6, then 
inwardly oblique and curved inwards to the antemedial line above 
inner margin, black points beyond it above and below vein 4 ; an 
oblique brownish shade from costa towards apex to the angle of 
postmedial line at vein 6 ; traces of a pale yellow subtermiual line, 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle, the area beyond it faintly 
tinged with brown. Hind wing pure white. 

Hah. W. Turkestan, Turkomania, Merv, 1 J, 1 5? Ferghana. 
±jxp. 36 millim. 

4560. Calymnia olivescens, n. sp. (Plate CXLII, fig. 1.) 

cJ . Head and thorax whitish tinged with rufous and mixed with 
olive-green ; pectus and legs whitish, the latter tinged with brown ; 
abdomen rufous, the ventral surface whitish. Fore wing greyish 
tinged with pinkish rufous and irrorated with olive-green ; ante- 
medial line fa,int, diffused, olive-green, oblique from costa to 
subcostal nervure, then inwardly oblique ; a medial olive-green 
shade, faint to median nervure, then prominent, slightly angled 
outwards below costa, then oblique and bent inwards on inner 
margin to the antemedial line ; a faint obliquely incurved dark line 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line with 
oblique diffused white bar from costa to vein 7 with a dark shade 
before it, then indistinctly double, dark, incurved below vein 5 ; 
subterrainal line slight, whitish, very minutely waved, below 
vein 4 double, filled in by a green shade, incurved and with a 
small black spot on it at inner margin ; a terminal series. of slight 
dark points; cilia darker at apex and vein 2. Hind wing white, a 
faint rufous terminal line from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with 
the costa slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Br. E. Africa, Taveta {Rogers), 1 d type. Exp. 34 
millim. 

4561. Calymnia bifasciata. 

Grammesia bifasciata. Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 254 ; id. Rom. 

Mem. vi. p. 482, pi. 8. f. 8 ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 195. 
Calymnia pryeri, Leech, P. Z. S. 1889, p. 516, pi. 51. f. 11. 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with grey ; abdomen grey- 
brown, the anal tuft tinged with rufous, the ventral surface grey 
irrorated with brown. Fore wing grey thickly irrorated with 
olive-brown, the medial and postmedial areas almost entirely 
suffused with olive-brown except the former at costa; an indistinct 
grey subbasal line from costa to submedian fold : antemedial line 



CALYMNIA. — CIERHOI'HANTJS. 201 

rather broad, grey, slightly oblique and somewhat exciirved below 
costa and cell ; orbicular and reniform with hardly traceable 
greyish outlines, the former round ; postmedial line grey, indistinct 
and bent outwards below eosta, then broad, oblique, strsiight, some 
white points beyond it on costa ; a slight waved broAvn subterminal 
line, angled outwards at vein 7, excurved at middle and angled 
inwards below vein 2; a fine brown terminal line: cilia grey 
mixed with brown, crimson at tips. Hind wing red-brown, the 
interspaces of basal and costal areas greyish ; a brown discoidal 
spot ; termen grey with a fine brown terminal line ; cilia brown at 
base, while at tips ; the underside whitish irroj-ated with brown, 
a blackish discoidal spot, and oblique postmedial line with broad 
blackish shade beyond it from vein 4 to inner margin. 

Hah. E. SiREEiA, Ussuri ; Japan, Oiwake {Pryer), 1 J , 2 5 , 
type j:>ry/eH. Exp. 38-40 millira. 

4562. Calymnia gemmella. 

Orthosia gemmella, Saalm. Lep. Madag. p. 292, f. 258 (1891). 

5 . Head and thorax bright chestnut-red, some of the scales 
tipped with white ; antennae with the shaft white at base ; pectus 
yellowish behind ; abdomen yellowish dorsally suffused with brown. 
Fore wing bright chestnut-red, the costal half suffused with grey to 
the postmedial line and irrorated with a few black scales, leaving 
the costal edge red ; a slight blackish subbasal line from costa to 
submedian fold ; a black point in cell before the antemedial line 
which is chestnut-red, very oblique from costa to submedian fold, 
then inwardly oblique, defined on inner side by some black scales 
towards costa ; orbicular very small, greyish defined by black, 
oblique elliptical ; reniform small, greyish slightly defined by 
fuscous, the lower part more strongly on outer side, strongly con- 
stricted at middle and figure-of-eight shaped ; postmedial line grey 
slightly defined on each side by brown, extremely oblique from 
costa just before apex to inner margin beyond middle, straight ; 
subterminal line absent ; a terminal series of black points ; cilia 
slightly tipped with white. Hind wing yellowish white suffused 
with brown ; a slight dark spot at upper angle of cell ; a terminal 
series of slight dark points ; cilia pale yellow faintly tinged with 
rufous ; the underside yellowish white, the costal and terminal 
areas irrorated with a few black scales and the costa tinged with 
rufous, a black discoidal spot and terminal series of points from 
apex to vein 2. 

Hab. Madagascar, Betsileo {Cowan), 1 5 . Exp. 32 millim. 

Genus CIRRHOPHANUS. 

Type. 

Cirrhophanus, Grote, Can. Ent. iv. p. 187 (1872) triangulifera. 

Proboscis fully develoi^ed ; palpi obliquely upturned, tlie 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3rd 
short; fron.? with large round corneous prominence T^ith i-aised edges and i!s 



202 NOCTTJID^. 

lower edge produced to a point, a corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; 
anteniuB of male laminate and minutely ciliated ; thorax clothed chiefly with 
scales, the pro- and nietathorax with spreading crests, the patagia curled 
upwards at extremity ; tibisE slightly fringed with hair, the fore tibia; with 
curved claw on inner side; abdomen without crerts. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded, the termeu obliquely curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from 
near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with ti to 
form the areole ; 11 fro:a cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
6 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the postmedial line bent outwards from 

below costa lo vein 6 near subterininal line. 
a. Hind wing not suffused with fuscous. 

a'. Fore wing with the basal half of costal area suffused 

with cupreous diqjlicata. 

b^. Fore wing with the basal half of costal area not 
suffused with cupreous. 
a-. Fore wing with the postmedial line not angled 

inwards at vein 2 triangulifera. 

b". Fore wiog with the postmedial line angled inwards 

at vein 2 dyari. 

h. Hind wing suffused with fuscous brown to postmedial 
line. 

a^. Hind wing with the terminal area yellow duhifera. 

b^. Hind wing with the inner and teriuinal areas tinged 

with rufous magnifera. 

c. Hind wing wholly suffused with fuscous. 

a'. Fore wing not suffused with purple nigrifera. 

b^. Fore wing suffused with purple to the postmedial 

line chrysochila. 

B. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved from costa to 

vein 4, then incurved papago. 

*4563. ? Cirrhophanus diiplicata. 

C'irrhopkaves duplicaius, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soe. xviii. p. 112 (ISOH ; 
id. Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 261. 

5 . Head and thorax pale ochreous j'ellow, the thoracic crests 
tipped with orange ; abdomen ochreous. Fore wing pale ochreous 
yellow, the costal area and cell tinged with cupreous on basal half ; 
the veins streaked with orange ; subbasal line hardly traceable ; 
anteraedial line single, angled outwards below costa and in sub- 
median fold and bent outwards to inner margin ; claviform, 
orbicular and reniform absent; postmedial line minutely crenulate, 
very strongly excurved beyond the cell, then very obliquely curved 
to middle of inner margin ; subterminal line stroug and very 
distinct, evenly excurved ; terminal area somewhat darker ; cilia 
with a deep orange line at base. Hind wing ochreous, paler at 
base ; a terminal orange line. Underside of fore wing reddish 
ochreous ; hind wing pale with darker irroration. 

Frontal prominence not produced to a point below ; fore tibia (?) 
without claw. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, Platte Canon, G500' {Bruce). Eorp. 
30 millim. This species is unknown to me. 



CIRRHOPHANUS. 



203 



4564. Cirrhophanus triangulifera. 

Cirrliophanus triavgulifer, Grote, Can. Ent. iv. p. 187 (1872) ; itl. Proc. 

Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1875, p. 421 fig. ; id. 111. Essay, p. 60, pi. 3. f. 26 ; 

Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 261. 
Chariclea preiiosa, Morr. Proc. Bust. Soc. N. H. xviii. p. 122. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen deep orange mixed with pale 
yellow. Pore wing pale yellow, the veins streaked with orange 
except on terminal area; an orange streak in basal half of sub- 
median fold ; antemedial line orange, very oblique from costa to 




Fi». 72. — CurhuplMHUS triangulifera, (^ . {. 

discal fold where it is angled outwards, slightly angled inwards on 
median nervure, then outwards to postmedial line in submedian 
interspace and ending on vein 1 near base ; a forked streak in end 
of cell ; streaks beyond the cell above and below vein 5 ; postmedial 
line double, very obli(jue from costa to below vein 7 near subterminal 
line, then oblique to submedian fold and erect to inner margin, 
with a band of orange suffusion on it below vein 2 ; subterminal 
line rather diffused, orange, curved, slightly incurved below vein 2 ; 
an orange terminal line. Hind wing pale orange -yellow. 

Bah. U.S.A., Middle and Central States to Kansas, 1 c? . E.vj^. 
42 millim. 



4565. Cirrhophanus dyari. (Plate CXLII. fig. 2.) 

Cirrhophanvs dyari, Cockerell, Can. Ent. xxxi. p. 288 (1899) ; Dyar, Cat. 
Lep. N. Am. p. 196. 

c? . Head and thorax yellow ; antennae rufous ; tegulae with 
deep rufous line near ti})s ; patagia, pro- and metathorax with 
rufous patches ; abdomen yellow dorsally tinged with rufous. 
Fore wing yelloAV, the veins, discal and submedian folds streaked 
with orange-rufous to postmedial line; antemedial line orange- 
rufous, very oblique from costa to submedian fold where it is 
angled outwards to near postmedial line, then very oblique to inner 
margin near base; traces of an oblique diffused orange bar from 
costa to upper augle of cell ; postmedial line orange-rufous, very 
oblique from costa to below vein 7 towards termen, obliquely 
excurved to vein 2 where it is angled inw^ards, then again obliquely 
excurved to inner margin, another line before it from discal fold to 
inner margin, diffused below vein 2 ; a rather diffused orange- 
rufous subterminal line, slightly angled outwards at vein 7, then 



204 NOCTUID^. 

obliquely excurved and slightly incurved below vein 3 ; a fine 
orange-rufous terminal line. Hind wing pale yellow with traces of 
an obliquely curved postmadial line from costa to lower angle 
of cell. 

[lah. U.S.A., New Mexico, Arizona, Huachuca Mts., 2 (S • Exp. 
33 millim. 

*4566. Cirrhophauus dubifera. (Plate CXLII. fig. 3.) 

Cin-hophanus dubifer, Dyar, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xv. p. 109 (1907). 

5 . Head and thorax pale yellow suffused with bright rufous : 
palpi, frons, and a bar between antennte bright rufous ; tegulae with 
strong rufous line near tips ; patagia and thoracic crests rufous ; 
abdomen yellow suffused with rufous. Fore wing pale golden- 
yellow, the veins, diseal fold and submedian fold to antemcdial line 
slightly streaked with rufous ; anteraedial line rufous, strongly 
angled outwards in cell, in submedian fold almost to postmedial 
line, angled inwards on median nervure and with rufous streak 
from it to postmedial Hue below vein 1 ; postmedial line rufous, 
very obliquely bent outwards from costa to just above vein 6, 
double below vein 6 and very obliquely curved to vein 2 where it 
is slightly angled outwards, not quite reaching inner margin ; 
a faint obliquely curved slightly waved whitish subterminal line 
defined on inner side by pale rufous suft'usion ; a fine rufous 
terminal line ; cilia with rufous line at middle. Hind wing 
yellowish white suffused with fuscous brown to the faint post- 
medial line which is strongly excurved beyond the cell, then 
incurved. Underside of fore wing suffused with fuscous brown 
except terminal area ; hind wing uniform yellowish Avhite. 

Hah. Mexico (MuUer), type t $ in U.S. Nat. Mus. Exp. 
46 millim. 

*4567. Cirrhophanus magnifera. (Plate CXLII. fig. 4.) 

Cirrhophanus magnifer, Djar, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xv. p. 108 (1907). 

(S . Head and thorax pale j^ellow suffused with bright rufous ; 
frons rufous at sides ; a rufous bar between antennte ; tegulae with 
rufous medial line ; patagia edged with rufous ; thoracic crests deep 
rufous ; abdomen pale ochreous, the ventral surface tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing very pale yellow, the veins, diseal fold and 
submedian fold to antemedial line streaked with rufous ; ante- 
medial line rufous, strongly angled outwards in cell, in submedian 
fold almost to postmedial line, and slightly above inner margin, 
angled inwards on median nervure and v^in 1 below which there is 
a slight streak from it to postmedial Hue ; postmedial line rufous, 
very strongly bent outwards with a downward curve from costa to 
above vein 6, double below vein 6 and very obliquely curved to 
vein 2, where it is slightly excurved, then single and not quite 
reaching inner margin : a faint rather diffused obliquely curved 
rufous siibtermiual line ; a fine rufous terminal line ; cilia tinged 



CiERHOPHANrS. 205 

with rufous and with rufous line at middle. Hind wing yellowish 
white, the inner area tinged with rufous, the disk sutiused with 
brown before the very faint postmedial line which is strongly 
excurved beyond the cell, then incurved ; the terminal area slightly 
tinged with brown on apical half; a fine rufous terminal line; 
cilia tinged with rufous. Undert^ide of fore wing tinged with 
brown except terminal area ; hind wing yellowish white with the 
costa slightly tinged with rufous. 

Bah. Mexico, Guadalajara {JSchcms), type f (5 in U.S. Xat. Mus. 
Ex^. 52 millim. 

4568. Cirrhophanus nigrifera. (Plate CXLII, fig. 5.) 

Cirrhophanus nigrifer, Dyar, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xt. p. 108 (1907). 
Cirrhophanus tnangulifer, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 489, pi. 94. 
f. 16 (nee Grote). 

5 . Head and thorax yellow mixed with deep orange, the head 
almost wholly orange, the tegulse with orange line near tips ; 
abdomen yellow, dorsally slightly tinged with brown. Fore wing 
golden-yellow suflused and streaked with orange to postmedial line, 
the veins towards apex slightly streaked with orange ; traces of a 
diflused orange antemedial line, angled outwards in submedian fold 
to near postmedial line, then very oblique to inner margin ; a slight 
orange streak in end of cell and traces of an oblique diffused bar 
from costa to upper angle ; postmedial line orange, rather diflused 
on inner side, very oblique from costa to below vein 7 towards 
termen, then very obliquely excurved to vein 2 where it is angled 
inwards, then again obliquely excurved to inner margin ; cilia with 
slight orange line near tips. Hind wing yellowifsh sufl^used with 
fuscous brown, the termen narrowly and cilia orange-yellow. 
Underside of fore wing fuscous brown, the costa, apical area, and 
teroien yellow ; hind wing yellow tinged with brown. 

Hah. Mexico, Durango {Becker), 1 5 > Godman-Salvin Coll, ; 
Guatemala. {Sadler), 1 $ . Exjp. 40 millim. 

4569. Cirrhophanus chrysocMla. (Plate CXLYIII. fig. 6.) 
Basilodes chrysochilun, Dyar, Pr. Ent. Soc. Wash. xi. p. 25 (1909). 

cJ , Head and thorax ochreous white, the crests and edges of 
patagia rufous; palpi and Irons rulous ; pectus and legs sufiiised 
with rufous ; abdomen ochreous white dursally suiTused wilh lufous. 
Fore wing ochreous white suflused with rufous and purple, the veins 
streaked with rufous except on terminal area, the termen faintly 
tinged with rufous ; antemedial line indistinct, rufous, angled out- 
wards below costa and bent inwards to inner margin, a diflused 
pale streak beyond it in submedian interspace and another in lower 
extremity of cell ; orbicular and reniform absent ; an indistinct 
diffused oblique dark striga from costa above end of cell ; post- 
medial line rufous, very obliquely downcurved from costa to 
vein 6 where it is angled outwards, then slightly sinuous and 



206 



NOCrUID.E. 



strongly incurved below vein 4, another indistinct line before it 
from vein 5 to inner margin ; subterminal line whitish slightly 
defined on each side by rufous, incurved above inner margin ; a 
fine rufous terminal line. Hind wing ochreous white almost 
entirely suffused wirh rufous, the cilia ochreous white ; the under- 
side ochreous white faintl}^ tinged with rufous and with slight 
subterminal shade. 

Hah. Mexico, Tehnacan {Midler)^ 1 S • Evj), 34 millim. 



*4570. ? Cirrhophanus papago. (Plate CXLII. fig. 6.) 
Ci)Thopha7ms papago, Barnes, Can. Eut. xxxix. p. 95 (1007). 

Head and thorax orange-yellow ; abdomen pale yellow tinged 
with brownish. Fore wing yellow, the veins and submedian fold 
orange-yellow ; antemedial line orange-yellow, excurved and difi'used ; 
stigmata absent ; postmedial line orange-yellow, diifused, excurved 
from costa to vein 4, then incurved ; subterminal line absent. 
Hind wing yellow suffused with fuscous except towards inner 
margin ; cilia yellow. Underside of fore wing with the disk 
suffused with fuscous ; hind wing pale yellow. 

Hah. U.S.A., S. New Mexico, Exp. 30 millim. This species is 
unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in Coll. W. 
Barnes. 



Genus BASILODES. 

Type. 

Basilodes, Giien. Noet. ii. p. 358 (1852) pcpita. 

Dcohriga, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 41 ( 1869) pepita. 

Proboscis fiillj- developed ; palpi porrect, extending about the length of head, 
fringed with hair above and somewhat downcurved at extremity ; frons with 
large round corneous prominence with raised edges and corneous plate below 
it; eyes large, round; antennae of male laminate and minutely ciliated; 
thorax clotliid with rough scales, the prothorax with spreading crest, the 
nietathorax witli very large crest and the patagia curled up at extremity ; tibiae 
moderately fringed with hair, the fore tibia? with curved claw on inner side ; 
abdomen without crests. Fore wing broad, the apex produced and acute, the 
termen excurved at middle and oblique towards tornus, hardly crenulate ; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle uf cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anasto- 
mosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 
from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing witli the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with large irregular white patch defined by 

black on postmedial ar*>a philohia. 

B. Fore wing without white patch on postmedial area. 

a. Fore wing without olive-green patches on costa and at 

apex and tornus. 

ai. Fore wing golden yellow pepita. 

b^. Fore wing pale yellow irrorated with olive-brown chrysopis. 

b. Fore wing with olive-green patches on costa at base and 

apex and at tornus mirahilis. 



BASILODES. 



20: 



4571. Basilodes philobia. 

Zatrephes philobia, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 370, pi. 74. f. 8 
(1897). 

2 . Head and thorax white ; palpi, frons, antennae, and meta- 
thorax tinged with rufous ; pectus, legs, and abdomen tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing pale golden yellow with faint silky striae and 
irrorated with a few black-brown scales ; the costa tinged with 
rufous at base ; subbasal line represented by an oblique j-ufous 
striga from costa ; antemedial line rufous, indistinct and oblique 
from costa to submedian fold, then more prominent and inwardly 
oblique ; orbicular large, round, silvery white defined by red-brown ; 
reniform represented by a very large silvery white patch defined by 
red-brown, extending to below vein 2, its inner side rounded, its 
extremity extremely produced ; postmedial line red-brown, very 
strongly excurved from costa to vein 2, then incurved ; apical area 
whitish ; three red-brown lunulos just before termen between veins 
5 and 2 ; a fine rufous terminal line ; cilia tinged with rufons and 
chequered with dark brown. Hind wing pure silvery white, the 
termen and cilia faintly tinged with yellow ; the underside with 
the costa faintly tinged with yellow. 

Bab, Mexico, Jalupa (Hoege), 1 5 , Guerrero (//. H. SmiiJi), 1 5 
type, Godman-Salvin Coll. Kvp. 34-42 millim, 

4572. Basilodes pepita. 

Basilodes pepita, Guen. Noct. ii. p. 358, pi. 12. f. 1 (1852) ; Smith, Cat. 

Noct. N. Am. p. 261. 
Beobfiga ckrt/sopasa, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 41 (1869). 

Head and thorax pale yellow mixed with some rufous, the hinder 
part of thorax suffused with dark brown ; palpi brown ; frons with 
lateral brown bars ; antenna3 ringed with rufous ; pectus and legs 
ochreous tinged with rufous ; abdomen ochreous suffused with 
rufous. Fore wing metallic golden j-ellow ; the base of inner 
margin pale yellow tinged with rufous ; subbasal line rufous, curved 




Fig. 73. — Bcnilodes pepita, (^ . {. 

from costa to base at median nervure ; antemedial line indistinct, 
rufous, very oblique from costa to submedian fold, angled inwards 
on vein 1 and outwards to inner margin ; orbicular and reniform 
la,rge, defined by rufous, the former round, the latter with black 
point on inner side of centre ; traces of a sinuous brown line from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin 5 postmedial line rufous, very 



208 NOCTUID.E. 

oblique from costa to below vein 7 where it is acutely angled, then 
very oblique and slightly incurved at submedian fold ; subterminal 
line rather diffused, brown, oblique from costa just before apex to 
the angle of postmedial line, then minutely dentate and exourved 
at middle ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia pale yellow tinged with 
brown at tips. Hind wing pale yellow suffused with red-brown 
except on costal area to beyond middle, traces of a discoidal bar 
and postmedial line excurved below costa, then oblique ; cilia pale 
yellow slightly mixed with brown ; the underside pale yellow, the 
costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with brown, a slight 
postmedial line excurved and slightly waved below costa, then 
oblique ; a fine terminal line. 

Hah. U.S.A., 1 c5" type chiv/sopasa, Virginia, Florida, Kansas 
(^Snow), 2 5 , Colorado. E.vj). 4-4 millim. 

4573. Basilodes chrysopis. (Plate CXLII. fig. 7.) 

Basilodes chrysopis, Grote, Papilio, i. p. 164 (1881) ; Smith, Cat. Noct 
N. Am. p. 261. 

Head and thorax pale yellow slightly mixed with rufous ; palpi 
brownish ; fore legs tinged with rufous : abdomen pale yellow. 
Fore wing pale yellow irrorated with olive-brown, the medial area 
except towards inner margin, the postmedial costal area and the 
terminal area suffused with olive-brown ; subbasal line represented 
by a faint brown striga from costa ; antemedial line indistinct, 
brown, very oblique from costa to submedian fold, angled inwards 
on vein 1 and outwards to inner margin ; orbicular and reniform 
pale yellow, undefined, the former round, the latter with small 
black spot near inner edge ; postmedial line brown, oblique from 
costa to below vein 7 where it is angled, then oblique, sinuous and 
incurved in submedian interspace ; a very indistinct, minutely waved 
subterminal line. Hind wing yellowish white ; traces of a fine 
postmedial line excurved below costa, then oblique ; the terminal 
area faintly tinged with brown except towards tornus ; cilia white 
faintly tinged with brown at base ; the underside yellowish white 
with the costal area faintly tinged with brown. 

Hab. U.S.A., Colorado, Denver (Oslar), 2 5 , New Mexico, 
Albuquerque Mts. (Oslar), 3 c? , 1 $ , Arizona. Exp. 40-44 millim, 

*4574. ? Basilodes mirabilis. (Plate CXLII. fig. 8.) 

Basilodes mirabilis, Neum. Papilio, iv. p. 94 (1884); Smith Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 262. 

cJ . Head and thorax greenish ; antennfe yellowish ; legs and 
abdomen pale ocbreous. Fore wing pale greenish : a large tri- 
angular dark green patch on base of costal area, the white ante- 
medial line arising from it, oblique to median nervure where it is 
sharply angled, then inwardly oblique; a dark discoidal striga; 
a rather elliptical dark green patch on costa towards apex, the 
white postmedial line defined on inner side by dark green arising 



BASILODES. RASIMCA. 1209 

from below it. oblique and slightly incurved to inner margin ; sub- 
terminal line white defined on inner side by dark green, slightly 
excurved to vein 4, then incurved, an irregular dark patch beyond 
it at tornus ; cilia yellowish. Hind wing silvery white tinged with 
grey, the terminal area suffused with fuscous ; cilia white ; the 
underside uniform creamj'^ white. 

Hah. U.S.A., S.W. Arizona. Exp. 32 millim. This species is 
unknown to me, figured from a drawing from type ia Coll. Brooklyn 
Soc. Arts & Sciences. 



Genus BASILICA, nov. 

Type, B. chrj/sosticta. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi obliquely porrect, extending about the 
length of head, tlie 2nd joint moderately fringed with scales (ord joint broken) ; 
frons with large round corneous prominence with raised edges and wedge- 
shaped process in middle, a corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; anteuniB 
of female laminate and ciliated; thorax clothed with scales and hair mixed, 
apparently without crests; tibiae moderately fringed with hair; (fore legs 
broken) ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing very broad, the apex rounded, 
the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate, the tornus with scale-tooth; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anas- 
tomosing with 8 to form tlie areole; 11 from ceil. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from well below middle of discocellulars; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4575. Basilica chrysosticta. 

Sasilodes chrysio^tlcta, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. iv. p. 535 (1896), 

5 . Head and thorax pale brown-pink mixed with whitish ; 
abdomen ochreous dorsally suffused with fuscous. Fore wing pale 
brown-pink tinged with whitish and irrorated with a few black 
scales ; a large pale-yellow patch on medial area from cell to inner 
margin irrorated with some brick-red scales ; subbasa] line repre- 
sented by indistinct double blackish striae from costa ; antemedial 
line double, waved, angled outwards on median nervure, blackish 




Fig. 74. — Basilica ch-ysosticta, 5 • 



from costa to median nervure, then brick-red ; orbicular absent ; 
reniform represented by traces of a small lunule with some black 
scales on its edges ; medial line black from costa to vein 2, oblique 
from costa to vein 6 well beyond the cell, excurved to vein 4, bent 
inwards to near origin of vein 2, then waved, brick-red ; an oblique 
diffused patch of pale yellow irrorated with red from apex ; post- 

VOL. IX. p 



210 



NOCTUID^. 



medial line arising from costa towards apex, double, dentate, brick- 
red on the yellow areas, fuscous on the brown, slightly excurved 
below costa, oblique to vein 3, bent inwards to near origin of vein 2 
and again sliglitly excurved ; a brown subterminal line arising from 
just beyond the postmedial line, obliquely curved to vein 3, then 
incurved and diffused ; the yellow patch with brown streaks on the 
veins at apex ; cilia dark at tips towards tornus. Hind wing 
greyish suffused with pale red-brown ; the underside whitish tinged 
with red-brown. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith), 1 5 type. E.vj^. 44 millim. 



Genus CIRRODES, nov. 

Type, C. phoenicea. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, slender, llie 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons, the 3rd moderate ; frons with large corneous promi- 
nence with raised edges and corneous process with raised edges in centre, a 
corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antenna? of male laminate and 
almost simple ; thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed and without crests ; 
t\h\se, moderately fringed with hair; abdomen without crests. Fore wing 
with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and hardly crenulate, the 
inner margin with slight scale-tooth at tornus ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle 
of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with S to form the 
areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obso- 
lescent from below middle of discocellulars ; 6,7 from upper angle; 8 anas- 
tomosing with the cell near base only. 



4576. Cirrodes phoenicea, n. sp. 

Head and thorax creamy white mixed with some rufous ; palpi, 
sides of frons, and antennae rufous ; legs suffused with rufous ; 
abdomen pale yellowish dorsally tinged with rufous. Fore wing 
yellov/ish white suffused with bright crimson except on terminal 
area, deeper on the veins and leaving some yellowish white in cell; 
an oblique deep crimson shade from below middle of cell to inner 
margin near base ; a faint oblique crimson bar from middle of costa 




Fig. 75. — Cirrodes plixnicea, (J. j. 

to upper angle of cell ; postmedial line faint, oblique from costa to 
vein 6 and very strongly angled inwards at submediau fold, then 
outwards above vein 1 : a faint oblique subterminal shade from 
below vein 4 to inner margin. Hind wing pale fulvous yellow, the 
female with a faint subterminal shade. 

Hah. N.E. Rhodesia, E. Luangwa Distr. (Keave), 1^,1$ type. 
E.r/J. 38 millim. 



CARCHAEODA. CHAMAECLEA. 211 

Genus CAECHARODA, nov. 

Type, C. flavirosea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, slender, the 2nd joint reaobing 
to middle of IVons, the iird moderate, porrect; tVons with trilobate corneous 
plate, the middle lobe longest and a corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 
round ; antennffi of male laminate and ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely 
with scales and without crests ; tibice smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and not creuulate ; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; G from upper angle ; 9 and 10 anasto- 
mosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 very shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4577. Carcharoda flavirosea, n. sp, 

c? . Head and tegulae ochreous yellow mixed with some crimson ; 
thorax crimson ; pectus, legs, and abdomen ochreous yellow. Fore 
wing ochreous yellow; the basal costal area crimson ; a slight 
crimson streak above base of vein 1 ; a slight brownish discoidal 
spot ; the veins from end of cell to near termen streaked with 
crimson ; an oblique crimson shade from costa above end of cell to 




vein G : postmedial line crimson, excurved to vein 4, then oblique; 
a slight brownish subterminal line with some crimson before it on 
costa, excurved below vein 7 and at middle, incurved below vein 3. 
Hind wiug ochreous yellow. 

Hab. Br. E. Africa, Mombasa {Ghohnley), 1 6 type. Exp. 
18 millim. 



Genus CHAMAECLEA. 

Type. 

Chamaecka, Grote, Can. Ent. xv. p. 76 (1883) ptrnana. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, slender and reaching 
to vertex of head ; frons with truncate conical prominence with raised edges 
and vertical ridge across it ; antenna of male minutely ciliated and somewhat 
laminate; thorax and abdomen without crests; tibite smoothly scaled. Fore 
wing with the apex somewhat produced, the termen obliquely curved ; veins 
3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from 
angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of discocellulars ; (i, 7 stalked ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



212 



N0CTPI1),E. 



4578. Chaniaeclea pernana. 

Ckariclea peruana, Gvote, Papilio, i. p. 155 (1881); id. 111. Essay p. 60, 
pi. 3. f. 27 ; Smith, Cat. Nout. N. Am. p. 271. 

Head and thorax ochreous tinged in parts with fulvous, the 
palpi, sides of frons, and basal joint of anteiinse piukish ; abdomen 
fulvous. Fore wing pale purplish pink to the postraedial line with 
deeper patches at base of costal area, on inner medial area, and before 
the postmedial line towards costa ; the antemedial line indistinct, 
strongly angled outwards in cell and submedian fold, then retracted; 
a slight olive discoidal bar ; the postmedial line indistinct, very 
oblique from costa to vein 6, then slightly Avaved and incurved in 
submedian interspace ; the terminal area ochreous with minutely 




1/ ^^^ £;/ 

Fig. 77. — Chaniaeclea 'pernana, (^ . 



waved whitish subterminal line, angled inwards in submedian fold 
and with olive-yellow suffusion on its inner edge ; a fine terminal 
line; cilia whitish with a fine line through thera. Hind wing 
whitish, tinged with brown towards termen, the veins brownish. 
Underside of fore wing whitish suffused with fuscous. 

llah. U.S.A., Arizona, Prescott, 1 c? , 1 $ type. E^^y. 26-28 
millim. 



Genus ECTOLOPHA. 
Edolopha, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. ^82 (1902) 



Type. 

viridescens. 



Proboscis aborted, rather small; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint 
reaching about to middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, 
the 3rd moderate, porrect ; frons with roughened rounded prominence with 
Blight corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antenntB of male laminate 
and minutely serrate ; thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed, the pro- 
and metathorax with spreading crests, the patagia slightly turned up at 
extremities ; tibiae moderately fringed with hair; abdomen with dorsal crest at 
base only. Fore wing broad, the apex rounded, the termen oblique towards 
tornus where there is a scale-tooth, and slightly crenulate ; Teins '6 and 5 irom 
near angle of cell ; 6 from or from just below upper angle ; 9 from 10 anasto- 
mosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of discoeellulars ; 6, 7 
shortly stalked; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with white patch defined by rufous on middle 

of inner nuirgin, and purplish patches on middle of costa 

and on disk before postmetlial line viridesceng. 

B. Fore wing wuliout white or purplish patches, a red-brown 

iermiual band luurylnaia. 



ECTOLOPHA. 213 

4579. Ectolopha viridescens. 

Ecfolupha viridescens, Hrapsu. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 383 (1902). 

Head and thorax yellowish, white with some red-brown on head, 
dorsal edge of tegulag, and vertex of thorax ; patagia rufous and 
green on dorsal edge ; abdomen yellowish white dorsally suffused 
with rufous except at extremity. Fore wing pale yellow-green ; 
subbasal line purple-grey, obliquely curved, from costa to median 
nervure ; a purplish grey patch on middle of costa crossed by the 
darker double antemedial, single medial, and double postmedial 
lines ; an irregularly conical yellowish white patch on middle of 
inner margin, its inner and outer edges angled outwards on vein 1, 
irrorated with rufous, defined by rufous and traversed by tlie rufous 
postmedial line ; the antemedial and medial lines obsolete except 
on the costal patch, the postmedial line oblique towards costa, 
angled outwards on vein 6, oblique to vein 4, dentate to vein 2, 
then incurved, with purple-grey patch before it beyond lower angle 




Fig. 78. — Ectolopha viridescens, J . 1- 

of cell ; a subterminal series of slight rufous points ; cilia green 
with fuscous lines at middle and tips. Hind wing greyish fuscous, 
the inner area yellowish white ; cilia ochreous mixed with brown. 
Underside of fore wing fuscous with the base and inner area 
yellowish white ; hind wing yellowish white, the terminal half 
suffused with fuscous except on inner area. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the medial grey patch on costa almost 
obsolete, some dentate whitish marks on subterminal line towards 
costa. 

Hah. Br. E. Africa, Taveta (Rogers), 2 2, Kikuyu {Crawshmi), 
1 $ ; Uganda, Mulema {Dor/get t), 1 5 ; !Mashonaland, Salisbury 
(Marshall), 4 $ type ; Transvaal (Fead), 2 $ . E.rj). 40 millim. 

4580, Ectolopha marginata, n. sp. (Plate CXLII. fig. 0.) 

Head red-brown ; thorax yellowish white tinged with green, the 
base of tegulfe and pro- and metathoracic crests red-brown ; pectus, 
legs, and abdomen ochreous suffused with red-brown. Fore wing 
yellowish white tinged with pale green especially in submedian fold ; 
the costal edge brown ; a minute brown point at upper angle of 
cell; a terminal purple-brown band narrowing to a point at apex 
and with slight double rufous somewhat sinuous line on its inner 



214 



NOCTUID^, 



edge ; a fine brown terminal line : cilia brown with dark line 
through them. Hind wing pale ochreous suffused with brown ; 
a fine brown terminal line ; cilia brownish ochreous. Underside 
ochreous wholly suffused with red-brown. 

Hah. Br. E, Africa, Kikuyu (Crawshaij), 1 c? , 1 5 type. Exjy. 
36 millim. 

Genus HOPLOLYTHEA, nov. 

Type, H. disnstriga. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the second joint 
reaching about to middle of frons and moderately fringed with scales, the 3rd 
short ; frons with truncate conical prominence with raised edges and small 
central process, a corneous plate below it excised in front ; eyes large, round ; 
antenna; of male serrate and fasciculate ; thorax clotlied almost entirely with 
scales, the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests, the patagia somewiiat 
curled up at extremities ; fore tibire with slender spine at extremity on inner 
side; mid and hind tibiae moderately fringed with hair; abdomen without 
crests. Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced, the ternien evenly curved 
and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; G from upper angle; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle ol' cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to towards middle 

4581. Hoplolythra discistriga. 

Lyihrodes discistriga, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxix. p. 207 (1903). 

S . Head and thorax yellow mixed with rufous ; antennae 
rufous ; abdomen fulvous yellow, the ventral surface creamy white. 
Fore wing creamy white with fine rufous streaks on the veins and 




Fig. 79. — Hoxilolyihra discistriga, (S . 



in submedian interspace, the streaks expanding between end of cell 
and termen ; cilia chequered creamy white and rufous. Hind wing 
golden yellow. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Walters Sta., Arizona, Redington, 1 S . 
Exp. 28 millim. 



Genus LYTHRODES. 
Lyihrodes, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxix. p. 20(i (1903) 



Type. 

radtata. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely porrect, short and slender, the 
2nd joint slightly fringed with hair in front, the 3rd moderate ; frons with 
corneous proLuinence with raised edge and iiattened vertical plate at middle, 
a curved corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antenna; of male laminate 
and almost simple; thorax clothed with hair only and without crests; tibiae 



LTTHRODES. 215 

slightly fringed witb hair, the fore tarsi very short with the ungues large ; 
abdouieu without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly 
curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from just below 
middle of diecocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

A. Fore %ving without dark medial and postmedial shades. 

a. Fore wing with the pink streaks leaving broad yellowish 

fascife on the veins radiata. 

h. Fore wing with the pink fasciae leaving narrow yellowi.sh 

streaks on the veins venata. 

B. Fore wing with dark medial and postmedial shades semibma. 



4582. Lythrodes radiata. 

Lythrodes radiatus, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxix. p. 206 (1903). 

Head and thorax creamy white ; antennae rufous ; pectus, legs, 
and abdomen white suffused with ochreous brown. Fore wing 
creamy white : the basal area with bright pink streaks below costa, 
in cell, above vein 1 and inner margin, and a streak below median 




Fig. 80. — Lythrodes radiata, c^ . \. 

nervure and vein 2 to termen ; two short streaks in end of cell and 
streaks in the interspaces of terminal area ; cilia chequered creamy 
white and rufuus. Hind wing creamy white. 

Hab. U.S.A., New Mexico, Deming, 1 J , 1 $ , Arizona, Yuma Co. 
Exp. S 24, 2 28 millim. 

*4583. Lythrodes venata. 

Lythrodes venatus, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxix. p. 207 (1903). 

5 , Head and thorax very pale yellow ; abdomen almost white. 
Fore wing carmine pink ; the costa and inner margin pale yel- 
lowish ; the veins with pale yellow streaks expanding somewhat 
towards termen ; a whitish ill-defined mark in cell representing the 
orbicular ; cilia white intersected with black. Hind wing white 
with a faint yellowish tinge. 

Hab. U.S.A., New Mexico, Sta. Fe. Exp. 28 miUim. This 
species is unknown to me. 



216 N0CTTJID.5;. 

*4584, ? Lythrodes semilima. 

Lythrodes semiluna, Smith, Can. Ent. xsxvii. p. 67 (1905). 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen white with a faint olive tinge, 
the thorax with olive scales mixed. Fore wing white with a faint 
olive tinge ; an olive-brown medial shade, incurved, its inner edge 
well defined, its outer edge diffused to beyond the cell, where 
another shade arising from costa before apex curves inwards, then 
outwards to termen at vein 3, this dark area grov.nng paler out- 
wardl}^ leaving the apex and veins white ; orbicular represented by 
some blackish scales on the medial shade, the reniforra by a slight 
dark lunule at end of cell. Hiud wing white with the termen 
narrowly fuscous ; the underside white with small discoidal dark 
Bi)otand postmedial and terminal dark bands. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Cochise Co. Exp. 20 milJim. This 
species is unknown to me. 

Genus ARGYRHODA, nov. 

Type, A. laronia. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi obliquely porrect, hardly reaching beyond 
the frontal promiuence and moderately fringed with hair below ; frons with 
large round corneous prominence with raised edges and -vertical ridge in middle 
and curved corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antenna?, of female 
ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and .scales mixed and without crests ; tibite 
smoothly scaled, the fore tibia rather dilated, the tarsal joints short and the 
ungues very large ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex pro- 
duced and acute, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 
5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing witii 
8 to form tlie areoie ; II from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; ti, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anas- 
tomosing with the cell near base only. 

4585. Argyrhoda laronia. 

Thalpochares laronia, Druce. P. Z. S. 1890, p. 516; id. Biol. Centr.-Am., 
Het. ii. p.496, pi. 95. f. 19. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen brownish ochreous. Fore wing 
brownish ochreous ; a silvei'y white streak below costa to the very 
oblique silvery white antemedial baud which is diffused to base on 




Fig. 81. — Argyrhoda laronia, $ 



inner area ; a broad oblique silvery white medial band from cell to 
inner margin ; the cell on medial area crimson, extending between 
the antemedial and medial bands to submedian fold ; an oblique 
discoidal silvery white bar ; postmedial band silvery white, oblique 



AEGTEHODA. SATEArODES. 



217 



and narrow from costa to vein 7 towards termen, then broader and 
very oblique, defined on inner side bj' crimson between vein 7 and 
snbmedian fold ; a silvery white subterminal band ; cilia white. 
Hind wing white irrorated with pale brown ; a rather diffused pale 
brown postmedial line excurved below costa, then oblique and 
sinuous ; a diffused subterminal band ; a fine terminal line ; the 
underside with the costal area and veins tinged with ochreous 
brown, an indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Mexico, Guerrero, Tierra Colorada {H. U. Smith), 1 5 type, 
Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp. 28 millim. 



Genus SATEAPODES, nov. 

Type, S. mina. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, slender, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to vertex of bead and moderately fringed with scales in front, tbe 3rd 
moderate ; frons with large round corneous process with raised edges and 
corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antennas of mnle laminate and 
ciliated, with ridge of scales between them ; thorax clothed chiefly with scales 
and without crests ; tibiae slightly fringed with liair ; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing with the costd strongly arched, the apex produced and acute, the 
termen excurved at middle, oblique towards tornus and slightly crenulate ; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anasto- 
mosing with S to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; .5 obsolescent from well below middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 from upper angle or shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

4586. Satrapodes mina. 

Banlodes mma, Scbaus. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 239 (1894) ; Druce, 
Biol. CJentr.-Am. Het. ii. p. .W3, pi. 9(i. f. 9. 

Head and thorax golden yellow mixed with some white and red- 
brown ; palpi white in front ; tegulge white with slight dorsal 
brownish streak ; abdomen fulvous yellow, ventrally ochreous. 
Fore wing metallic golden yellow tinged in parts with olive-brown, 
the costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with brown, the 
veins finely streaked with brown ; subbasal line represented by an 




Fig. 82. — Satrapodes mina, (^ . \. 

oblique brown striga from costa ; antemedial line fine, brown, 
oblique from costa to median nervure, then very oWique to inner 
margin near base ; orbicular represented by a small round silvery 
white spot defined by brown in upper part of cell, the reniform by 
a silvery white point at upper angle of cell and small triangular 
spot at lower angle, both defined by brown ; medial line brown. 



218 



NOCTUID.Ti;. 



very oblique from costa to upper angle of cell, obliquely incurved 
from lower angle to inner margin ; postmedial line fine, brown, 
very oblique from costa to vein 7, then very oblique to inner 
margin ; an oblique brown streak from just below apex to just 
below angle of postmedial line; subterminal line faint, whitish 
defined on inner side by brown and obsolescent between veins 6 
and 4, minutely dentate, incurved below vein 3 ; a fine slightly 
waved brown terminal line. Hind wing whitish suffused with 
brown and with a golden gloss; cilia white tinged with oehreous ; 
the underside glossy white slightly tinged with brown. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo), 1 c^ , 1 2 , Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Ea'2}. c? 32, 2 36 millim. 



Genus CHALCOPASTA, uov. 

Type, C. terrifans. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, extending about the length of 
head and thickly clothed with hair ; frous with large round corneous process 
with raised edges and central process and corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 
round ; antenuEe of male typically serrate ; thorax clothed with rough scales, 
the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests, the patagia curled upwards at 
extremities ; tibia slightly fringed with hair, the fore tibife with large curved 
claw on inner side ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex some- 
what produced, the termen evenly curved and not crcimlate ; veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from 
angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 
from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



Sect. I. Antennae of male serrate. 

A. Fore wing without rufous patch at tornus. 

a. Fore wing with antemedial rufous patch on costa. 

a^. Fore wing with the discoidal patch including the reni- 
form which is defined by rufous and constricted at 
middle avian da. 

b^. Fore wing with the discoidal patch including the reni- 
form which is golden green with a rufous line in 
middle terriiajis. 

b. Fore wing without antemedial rufous patch on costa houai-di. 

B. Fore wing with rufous patch at toi*nus arizona. 

4587. Chalcopasta arianda. 

Plusia ananda, Druce, Biol. Oentr.-Am., Het.i. p. 329, pi. 30, f. II (1889). 

2 . Head and thorax white tinged with rufous ; palpi, antennas, 
terminal half of patagia, and metathorax rufous ; pectus, legs, and 
abdomen whitish sufi'used with rufous. Fore wing brilliant 
metallic golden green ; the costal area whitish suffused with rufous, 
narrowing to apex, expanding into a quadrate patch in cell before 
middle and a discoidal patch, angled inwards on median nervure 
and including the reniform, which is defined by rufous, constricted 
at middle and with some golden scales on its inner edge ; the base 



CHALCOPASTA. 



219 



of inner margin rufous and white ; a fine rufous terminal line ; 
cilia chequered white tinged with rufous and fuscous and with a 
dark line near base. Hind wing white, the costal and terminal 
areas suffused with rufous ; cilia white. Underside of fore wing 
fuscous, the costal and terminal areas yellowish white. 

Hah. Mexico, X. Sonora {Morrison), 1 $ type, Godraan-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 38 millim. 

4588. Chalcopasta territans. 

Basilodes terriians,'K.'EA\v.Va^\\\o, iv. p. 45 (1884),' Ottolengui, Can. 
Ent. XXX. p. 105, pi. 5. ff. 3, 4 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 261. 

S . Head and thorax yellowish white ; palpi, antennae, and tips 
of patagia rufous ; pectus, legs, and abdomen white tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing brilliant metallic golden green ; the costal area 
white irrorated with rufous, narrowing to apex, expanding into a 
quadrate patch in cell before middle and into a discoidal patch 
angled inwards on median nervure with the golden-green reniform 




Fig. 83. — Clicdcopasta territans, S • t- 

on it with rufous line in middle ; median nervure streaked with 
white : a white and rufous patch on base of inner margin ; a rufous 
terminal line ; cilia chequered white and rufous. Hind wing white 
with fine rufous terminal line. Underside of fore wing grey, the 
costal area white tinged with rufous, the terminal area whitish. 
Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Huachuca Mts., 1 J . Exp. 36 millim. 



4589. Chalcopasta houardi. (Plate CXLII. fig. 10.) 

Plusia howardi. H. Edw. Pacific Coast Lep. xxv. p. 1 (1877) ; Ottolengui, 
Can. Eat. xxx. p. 106, pi. 5. f. 2 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 261. 

$ . Head and thorax rufous slightly mixed with whitish ; 
abdomen whitish tinged with rufous. Fore wing brilliant greenish 
gold ; the costa whitish tinged with rufous, expanding beyond 
middle into a large conical patch extending to just below lower 
angle of cell and including the reniform, which is defined by rufous, 
strongly constricted at middle and figure-of-8-shaped and with a 
few golden scales on it, the patch defined by a rufous line but 
extending beyond it towards apex ; the basal area whitish tinged 
with rufous, with wedge-shaped golden patch on it below costa 
near base bounded by the fine rufous oblique sinuous antemedial 
line, the outer edge of basal area very oblique and angled outwards 



220 NOCTTJID^. 

below cell and at vein 1 ; a fine rnfous terminal line and sometimes 
a patch on middle of termen ; cilia whitish tinged with rufous and 
intersected with dark brown. Hind wing whitish suffused with 
rufous especially on terminal area ; cilia white. Underside of fore 
wing fuscous, the costal and terminal areas ochreous white ; hind 
wing white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Prescott (Xunze), 1 $ . Exj). 40 millim. 

*4590. Chalcopasta arizona. 

rinsia ari^oim,¥rench, Can. Ent. xxi. p. Ifil (1889); Ottolengui, Can. 
Ent. XXX. p. 106 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 248, 

J . Head and thorax purple-brown mixed with ochreous, the 
crests darker at tips ; abdomen whitish tinged with brown. Fore 
wing brilliant metallic gold ; the costa narrowlj' purple-brown ; a 
small triangular purple-brown patch from costa at base to inner 
margin before middle ; a quadrate antemedial patch from costa to 
median nervure ; a subquadrate patch from costa in and beyond 
end of cell, extending to near apex ; patches on termen at middle 
and tornus ; cilia chequered whitish and purple-brown. Hind 
wing whitish ^vith a fine dark terminal line. 

Hab. U.S.A., Arizona. Uxj). 38 millim. This species is unknoAvn 
to me. 

Sect. II. Antennti; of male minutely ciliated. 

A. Fore wing purple-grey with patches of golden green. 

a. Hind wing white with subterminal dark shade ^j/e;-oc//rf^cC(7. 

b. Hind wing brown. 

a^. Fore wing with subterminal golden green band con- 
fluent with the oblique band from middle of cell to 

tornus acaniha. 

h^. Fore wing with the oblique golden green band only. 
a". Fore wing with the oblique band narrow and 

elliptical below the cell clmlcotoxa. 

h-. Fore wing with the oblique band broad and 

quadrate below the cell acema. 

B. Fore wing silvery white with ante- and postniedial rufous 

bands coehelei. 

4591. Chalcopasta pterochalcea. (Plate CXLVIII. fig. 7.) 

Basilodes pterochalcea, Dyar, Pr. Ent. Soc. Wash. xi. p. 24 (1909). 

J . Head and tegulse grey mixed with reddish brown, the latter 
with pale tips ; thorax daric brown mixed with grey ; abdomen 
whitish suffused with rufous. Fore wing metallic brassy ; the 
costal edge grey mixed with red-brown expanding into an irregular 
brown-edged patch on discocellulars, then narrowing to a point 
before apex ; the base of inner margin grey and brown expanding 
into a sharp triangular patch before middle extending nearly to 
cell ; a subterminal series of slight brown spots excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; cilia grey and red-brown. Hind wing white 



CHALCOPASTA. 221 

irrorated with browu ; an iudistinct subtcrmiiial shade and fine 
terminal line ; the underside white, the apex slightly irrorated 
with brown, a faint postmedial line on costal area. 

Hah. Mexico, Tehnacan {MuUer), 1 S • Exp. 36 millim. 

4592. Chalcopasta acantha. 

Plusia acantha, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Aru., Het. i. p. 329, pi. 30. f. 13 (1889). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen dark brown tinged with greyish ; 
palpi, pectus, legs, and ventral surface of abdomen more rui'ous ; 
tarsi brown ringed with rufous. Pore wing brown suffused with 
purplish grey ; the basal half of inner area dark olive-brown with a 
greenish gold spot below base of cell bounded by the brown ante- 
medial line, which is oblique from costa to subraedian fold, then 
inwardly oblique; orbicular greenish gold slightly defined by 
brown, oblique elliptical, very large, and connected with the 
greenish gold on postmedial area ; reniform slightly defined by 
brown and strongly constricted at middle ; postmedial line slight, 
brown, oblique from costa to vein 6, inwardly oblique to vein -i, 




then retracted to origin of vein 2 and outwardly oblique to inner 
margin ; an oblique series of greenish gold spots from apex to 
vein 3, then expanding into a large patch extending to origin of 
vein 2 and termen ; cilia dark brown mixed with whitish. Hind 
wing very dark red-brown ; cilia dark brown mixed with whitish. 
Underside of both wings grey -brown with the costal areas ochreous 
Avhite. 

Hah. Mexico, Guerrero (//. //. Smith), 1 J type ; Guatemala, 
S. Geronimo {Champion), 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp. 36 millim. 

4593. Chalcopasta chalcotoxa. (Plate CXLVIII. fig. 8.) 

Basilodes chalcotoxuui, Dyar, Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. xi. p. 25 (1909). 

(5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen dark reddish brown mixed with 
grey; lower part of frons and ventral surface of abdomen whitish.. 
Fore wing dark red-brown ix'rorated with grey ; a metallic brassy 
patch at base from just above to just below cell with another patch 
beyond it in and above cell, its' extremity connected with an oblique 
patch extending from the cell to tornus ; antemedial line dark 
brown, oblique, sinuous ; an oblique sinuous medial line from cell 



222 NOCTTTIDiE. 

to inner margin ; traces of a postmedial line oblique from costa to 
vein 6, then oblique and minutely waved : cilia with a fine pale 
line at base. Hind wing red-brown, with a cupreous gloss ; the 
cilia with a fine pale line at base ; the underside grey-white 
irrorated and sufi^used with red-brown. 

Bah. Mexico, Tehnacan (MuUer), 1 S . Ed^p. 32 miilim. 

4594. Chalcopasta acema. 

Pltisia acema. Brace, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 330, pi. 30. f. 14(1889). 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen purplish grey mixed with brown ; 
palpi, pectus, legs, and ventral surface of abdomen whitish tinged 
with ochreous. Fore wing red-brown suffused and irrorated with 
purplish grey ; a brilliant golden patch in cell from base to near 
extremity, e.\tending to just below it at base and to just above it 
at extremity and confluent with a very broad oblique golden band 
extending from cell to inner margin near tornus ; reniform small, 
indistinct, brownish faintly defined by grey, strongly constricted at 
middle and with small golden spots in upper and lower parts ; a 
faint postmedial line, oblique from costa to vein 7, then inwardly 
oblique to the golden band at vein 3 ; the terminal area rather 
redder irrorated with a few golden scales ; cilia whitish with a 
dark brown line through them. Hind wing brown irrorated with 
grey ; cilia whitish with a brown line through them. Underside of 
both wings grey sufl'used with brown, the costal area of fore wing 
ochreous. 

Hah. Mexico, Guerrero (H. H. Smith), 1 J type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 28 miilim. 

*4595. Chalcopasta ccebelei. (Plate CXLII. fig. 11.) 

Antaplaga kahelci, Eiley, Ins. Life, v. p. 333 (1893); Dyar, Cut. Lep. 
N. Am. p. 183. 

S . Head and thorax white mixed with bright rufous ; palpi 
white, rufous at tips ; rufous bars above frons and between 
antennae ; tegulae with rufous bands at sides : patagia edged with 
rufous ; pro- and metathoracic crests rufous ; abdomen white 
slightly tinged with rufous. Fore wing silvery white, the base 
and costal and inner margins rufous to the nearly straight erect 
narrow rufous antemedial band which is unusually near base ; a 
minute black discoidal lunule ; postmedial line strong, double, 
rufous filled in with pale yellow, dilated at costa, oblique to vein 6, 
strongly incurved below vein 5 and very slightly excurved below 
submedian fold, a rufous fascia in discal fold from it to the rufous 
subterminal line, which is very near termen, incurved and slightly 
waved from costa to vein 4, the area beyond it pale yellow ; a 
rufous terminal line ; cilia white with the tips rufous at apex and 
towards tornus. Hind wing white tinged with brown except inner 



CHALCOPASTA,— CENTROGOXE. 223 

area. Underside of fore wing suffused with brown except the 
costa ; hind wing pure white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Kansas. Argus Mts. {Riley), in U.S. Nat. Mus., 
California. Exp. 32 millim. 



Genua CENTROGONE, nov. 

Type, C. cJdorochn/sa. 

Proboscis aborted, small; palpi obliquely porrect, extending to just beyond 
frons, the 2nd joint moderately scaled, the ord short; frons with corneous 
prominence with raised edges and central process, a large corneous plate below 
frons ; eyes large, round ; antennas of male bipectinate with ujoderate branches 
to apex ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales, the pro- and metathorax 
with small spreading crests ; fore tibiie short with curved claw on inner side at 
extremity, the mid and hind tibia; smoothly scaled; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and hardly 
crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 I'rom upper angle; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of diseo- 
cellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to near middle. 



4596. Centrogone chlorochrysa, n. sp. 

c? . Head, tegulae, and legs ochreous white mixed with rufona ; 
thorax ochreous white ; abdomen ochreous white slightly tinged with 
rufous at middle of dorsum and on ventral surface. Fore wing 
pale golden green, the extreme base and costal edges ochreous 
white thickly irrorated with rufous ; antemedial line represented 
by slight dark points on the veins ; orbicular very small, round, 
with ochreous white centre defined by fuscous ; reniform with 




Fig. 85. — Centragone chlorochrysa, (^ . \. 

• 
rufous centre surrounded by small rufous fuscous-edged spots ; 
postraedial line represented by an oblique series of dark points ou 
the veins from vein 7 to inner margin, the subterminal line by 
points on veins 7, 6, 4 ; a fine waved brown terminal line with 
black points in the interspaces ; cilia red-brown at base, chequered 
red-brown and white at tips and with fine dark line through them. 
Hind wing pure white, the cilia brownish from apex to vein 2 ; the 
underside wdth the costal area irrorated with rufous. 

Hah. Transvaal, Johannesburg (Cholmley), 1 J type, Gemsbok- 
fontein (Janse), 4 c? ; Orange River Colony, Bloemfontein (Eckers- 
ley), 1 c? . E.vp. 34 millim. 



221 NOCTUIDiE. 

Gemis NEUMffiGENIA. 

Type. 

NcmnaY/enia, Grote, Pap. ii. p. 132 (1882) pocdca. 

KallUrlchia, Ottoleiigui, Can. Ent. xxx. p. 107 (1898), uec 

C'aWiYr/cAe, Poll, Moll. 1792 coronides. 

Trichocala, Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 196 (1902) coronides. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint hardly 
reaching middle of frons and moderatelj' scaled, the c'rd short; frons -with 
rounded prominence with corneous plate below and ridge above ; eyes large, 
round ; antennse of male somewhat laminate and almost simple ; thorax 
clothed almost entirely with scales and without crests; tibire slightly fringed 
with hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex somewhat 
produced, the terraen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from 
near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
5 obsolescent from below middle of discoeellulars ; 15, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with white streak on terminal half of median 

uervure. 

a. Fore wing with the streak on median nervure bifurcating on 

veins 4, o poctica. 

b. Fore wing with the streak on median nervure and vein 4 

not bifui-cate alliavena. 

B. Fore wing with purple-brown spot at lower angle of cell edged 

with white coronidex. 



4597. Neumcegenia poetica. 

Iv^euvicegeiiia poe/ica. Grote, Papilio, ii. pp. 132, 184 (1882); Smith, Cat. 

Noct'. N. Am. p. 265. 
Plnsia smithi, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 329, pi. 30. f. 12 (1889) ; 

Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 196. 
Kallitrkhia sar/idalba, Ottolengui, Can. Ent. xxx. p. 108, pi. 5. f. 7 

(1898). 

Head, tegulse, and front of thorax yellowish white, the rest of 
thorax brown ; palpi, frons, and antennae brownish ; pectus and legs 
ochreous white, the fore legs tinged with brown ; abdomen ochreous 

y 




0# 



Fig. 86. — JSeumcrgenia poctica, J. 



white. Fore wing brilliant metallic golden green, the costal area 
ochreous white expanding somewhat towards apes, the termen with 
narrow ochreous white band ; the base reddish brown with oblique 
outer edge ; the extremity of median nervure and bases of veins 5, 4, 3 
streaked with ochreous white ; the termen and cilia pale olive with 



NEUMCEOENIA. MUDARIA, JzO 

a fine white line at base of latter. Hiug AS'ing oehreous white 
tinged with browu ; cilia oehreous white. Underside of fore wing 
tinged with fuscous, the costa and termen pale rufous ; hind wing 
oehreous white. 

Bab. U.S.A., Oregon, Arizona, Huachuca Mts. (Oslar), 2^,29, 
Oracle (Oslar), 2$; Mexico, Durango (Becker), 2c?, Guerrero 
(H. H. Smith), 2 J , 2 $ type smithi, Tabasco (H. H. >'Si)iith), 1 S , 
Godman-Salvin Coll. Exjj. 28-34 millim. 

*4o98. Neumcegenia albavena. 

KaMitrichia alhavena, Ottolengui, Can. Eiit. sxs. p. 107, pi. 5. f. 5 (1898) ; 
Dyar, Oat. Lep. N. Am. p. 195. 

2 , Head, thorax, and abdomen white ; antenna? brown except 
at base. Fore wing metallic golden green ; narrow white fascite 
on costa and inner margin : a white streak on terminal half of 
median nervure and basal half of vein 4 ; cilia white. Hind wing 
pure satiny white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona. Exp. 30 millim. This species is in- 
known to me. 



4599. Neumcegenia coronides. 

Vlima coronidefi, Pruce, Biol. Centr.-Aiu., Het. i. p. 328, pi. 30. f. 10 

(1889) ; Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 196. 
Kallitrichia, pendula, Ottolengui, Can. Ent. xxx. p. 108, pi. 5. f. 6 (1898). 

5 . Head, teguloe, and base of patagia white: palpi, frons, antenna?, 
shoulders, thorax, legs, and abdomen pale rufous. Fore wing 
brilliant metallic golden green ; the costal urea white thickly 
iiTorated with rufous, its lower edge expanding into a slight pro- 
jection just beyond end of cell, and just before termen narrowing 
abruptly to apex ; a rufous fascia irrorated with white on inner 
margin to before middle, the margin then with some rufous and 
white scales ; a rufous spot at lower angle of cell slightly edged with 
white ; cilia rufous and white. Hind wing white suffused with 
pale rufous ; cilia white at tips. Underside of fore wing pale grey- 
brown with a metallic gloss, the costal area pale rufous ; hind wing 
white tinged with rufous. 

Ab. 1. pendula. Fore wing with the spot at lower angle of cell 
connected with the costal fascia. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona; IIexico, Guerrero (//. H, Smith), IJ 
type, (iodmaii-Salvin Coll. Exp. 36 millim. 



Genus MUDARIA. 

Type. 
Mtidaria, Moore, Indian Museum Notes, iii. p. 68 (1893) vornifrons. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, the 2nd joint moderately fiinged 
with scales below, the 3rd rather long; frons with large trilobate corneous 
process from middle, a corneous plate below frons excised in front ; eyes large, 
round ; antennae of male laminate ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales 

VOL. IX. Q 



226 



XOCTUID.E. 



and without nrcsts : tibiie fringed with long hair; abduiuPn smoothly scaled 
and without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termer, evenly 
curved and notcrenulate ; veins 3 and r> tVom near angle of cell ; fi from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to term a long areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle 
of discocellulars ; 6.7 from upper angle; 8 anistomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

4()(»U. Miidaria cornifrons. 

Mudaria cornifrons, Moore, Indian Museum Notes, iii. p. (ilt (189.'i) ; 
Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 245. 

Head and thorax white tinged with pale brown and more or less 
irrorated with black ; tarsi banded with black ; abdomen ochreous 
white dorsalljf suffused with brown. Fore wing ochreous Avhite 
thickly irrorated with pale brown and with a few black scales ; 
subbasal line represented by a slight black striga from costa ; ante- 
medial line black, double towards costa, oblique from costa to 
submedian fold, then strongly angled inwards on vein 1 and 
outwards to inner margin : orbicular and reni'orm forming a 
confluent patch of the ground-colour defined on inner and outer 




Fig. 87. — Muduria curnijru)i!<, (^ . j. 

sides and below by black, extending to below cell ; postmedial line 
black, double on costal half, minutely dentate, angled outwards 
at vein 5 and obli(|ue below vein 3 ; subterminal line indistinct, 
dentate, and with slight dentate dark marks before it at middle, 
angled outwards at vein 7 and obli(jue below vein 3 : a terminal 
series of black points ; cilia whitish at base, brownish at tips. 
Hind wing pure semihyaline white, the termen with fine brownish 
line and some black points towards apex. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform patch strongly 
defined by diffused black. 

Hab. Bengal, Calcutta (Cote.^), 3 J, 1 $ type. Kq^. 40-44 
millim. 

Larva. Feeds in the pods of the Silk-Cotton {Bomhax malaharicum) 
snd pupates in the soil in cocoons made of earth and silk. 



Genus OCHROCALAMA, nov. 

Type, 0. xanfhia. 

Proboscis aborted, minute; palpi obliquely upturned, reaching about tu middle 
of frons and moderately fringed witli hair in front; frons with long corneous 
proces.s bifid at extremity and corneous ^^''^te beli)W it excised in front ; eyes 



OCIIROCALAMA. 'Jzi 

large, round ; autennce of male bipectinate with rather long branches to apex, 
of t'einale minutely serrate ; thorax clotlied with rough hair and hair-like scales 
and without crests; tibiai smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore 
wing with the apex rounded, the ternien evenly curved and not erenulate ; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper augle ; 9 fmm 10 anas- 
tomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; o obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomo.^ing with the cell near base only. 



46U1. Ochrocalama xanthia. 

Mrc/aloih'A a-anihia, Hmp*n. Ann. S. Afr. IVlus. iii. p. 434 (1905). 

(S . Head and thorax yellow mixed with rufous, the tips of teguhe 
and upper edge of patagia with some black scales ; tibiae and tarsi 
brownish, the latter ringed with whitish ; abdomen ochreous yellow. 
Fore wing yellow sparsely irrorated with rufous, the terminal area 
paler; a subbasal dark point in cell; an ill-defined rufous ante- 
niedial line, angled outwards below costa, in submedian fold and 
above inner margin ; orbicular and reniform rounded, yellow with 
some rufous scales in centre, defined by red-brown before and 
between them in cell and by an irregular fascia on median nervure 
expanding at base of vein 2 and beyond lower angle of cell ; a 
red-brown medial line oblique from costa to reniform, oblicjue and 




Tig. 88. — Orhro,-<i/,n,ia .vin/fJ//</. c? . |. 

sin''ious from cell to inner margin ; an ill-defiiicd rufous postniedial 
line, oblique from costa to vein (J, then waved, strongly incurved 
below vein 4, some short red-brown streaks beyond it on costa ; an 
ill-detined waved red-brown subterminal line, angled outwards at 
vein 7 and excurved at middle ; a terminal series of red-brown 
striaj ; cilia yellow mixed with red-brown. Hind wing pale yellow, 
the terminal area slightly irrorated with red-brown ; a brown 
discoidal lunule, traces of a waved postmedial line from costa to 
vein 2 and of a subterminal series of small spots ; a fine red-brown 
terminal line ; cilia yellow mixed with red-brown ; the underside 
with the costa slightly irrorated with rufous, a brown discoidal 
lunule and indistinct curved postmedial line. 

2 . Hind wing wholly suffused with red-brown. 

ifab. Mashonaland {Dohbie), 1 § ; Transvaal {Pead), 2 cS , 1 $ , 
Piet Relief (Cruwsho.y), 1 c? ; Natal, Delvin (Stanger), 1 cf type, 
Eushman's R. (Hutchinson), i $ ; Poisdolaud, Nggeleni (Sivinny), 
1 J . Kvp. 28-38 millim. 

a2 



228 NOCTTJID^. 

Genus SYNCALAMA, uov. 

Type, S. mimica. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; j^filpi porreet, bardly extending as far as frons 
and fringed with long hair below ; frons with large round corneous prominence 
with raised edges and short central process hollowed out in front ; a trilobate 
corneous plate below it ; eyes lai'ge, round ; antennae of male serrate ; thorax 
clothed with rough hair and hair-like scales and without crests ; tibia; uioder- 
ately fringed witli hair ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing 
with the apes rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate ; veins 
3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3,4 from 
angle of cell ; 5 obsolesceijt fi-om just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upj)er angle ; 8 anastomosing with tlie cell near base only. 



4602. Syncalama mimica, n. sp. 

d . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with brown ; antennae 
red-brown ; upper edge of patagia and metathorax with some 
blackish scales ; abdomen pale ochreous dorsaily suffused with 
brown. Fore wiiig ochreous yellow suffused iti parts with brown, 
especially on inner basal area, in and beyond cell, and on postmedial 
area ; subbasal line represented by slight black stria? from costa 
and cell ; traces of a black streak below base of cell ; antemedial 
line rather ill-defined, black, oblique, waved ; claviform laige, rather 
incompletely defined by black ; orbicular and reniform large, yellow 




Fig. 89. — iSyncalama mimica, (^ . \. 

defined by black, the former round, the latter open above and 
rather constricted at middle ; an indistinct waved iDlack line from 
lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line brown, rather 
ill-defined, excurved from costa to vein 5, then oblique ; subter- 
minal line hardly defined except by the constrast between the 
rufous and yellow areas, waved, excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle, then incurved ; a terminal series of small black lunules ; 
cilia yellow mixed with rufous. Hind wing yellowish v-hite with 
terminal series of small black spots ; the underside with the costal 
area slightly irroi-ated with rufous, a small discoidal spot and rather 
diffused curved postmedial line from costa to vein 4. 

Hah. Cape Colony, Deelfontein {iSlo<j(jett)., 1 S type. Exp, 
36 millim. 



PINACOPLtrS. MKTOrOPLtrS. 



229 



Genus PINACOPLUS, nor. 

Type, P. dich/moc/ramma. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, hardly reaching beyond the frons 
and moderately fringed with scales below ; frons with long shovel-shaped 
plate rather hollowed out above and with curved corneous plate below it ; eyes 
large, round ; antennte of female ciliated ; tiiorax clotlied with hair and scales 
mixed and without crests; ti bice slightly fringed with hair, the fore tibia with long 
curved claw from inner side ; abdomen without crests. Fore vring with the 
costa nearly straight, the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and not 
crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; fi from upper angle ; 
'.) from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from well below middle 
of discocellulars : 6, 7 shortly stalked; 8 anastoniosinsr with the cell near base 
only. 



40u3. Pinacoplus didyinogramma. 

Mycteroplus didipnogramma, Ersch. Fedtsch. Reis. p. 44, pi. 3. f. 43 (1874) ; 
Staud. Cat, Lep. pal. p. 222. 

2 . Head and thorax white ; palpi at tips, sides of frons, 
antennae and legs tinged with ochreous ; abdomen white dorsally 
tinged with ochreous on basal half. Fore wing yellowish white ; 
antemedial line double, rufous, rather diffused, the inner line 
indistinct, slightly angled outwards on median nervure ; postmedial 





Fig. dO.--Pinacopliis did_/^mogramma, 5« !• 

line double, rather diffused, the outer line indistinct, oblique, 
slightly excurved beyond lower angle of cell and bent outwards 
to inner margin, the veins beyond it slightly streaked with rufous ; 
cilia tinged with rufous. Hind wing white faintly tinged with 
yellow and with traces of curved rufous postmedial line. 

Hah. W. TaRKESTAK. Turcomania {Erschoff), 1 $, Ferghana. 
Exp. 40 millim. 



Genus METOPOPLUS. 

Metopoplus, Alph. Iris, vi. p. 92 (1892) 



Type. 

e.vcelsa. 



Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, hardly reaching as far as frons 
and slightly fringed with hair below ; frons with rounded corneous process 
from middle with raised edges and corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; 
antennje of male ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair only and without crests ; 
tibiae moderately fringed with hair, the fore tibia with long curved c'avv on 



230 



NOCTCIDJ:. 



inner side ; abdoiiipn AviUiout crests. Fore wing with tlie cosfa nearly 
straight, the apex rounded, tlie teriuen even l_v curved and sliglitly creniilate ; 
veins y and 5 from near angle oC cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 'J from 10 anas- 
tomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 1 I from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; o obsolescent from well below middle of discocellulars ; (i, 7 
from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base <inly. 

A. Fore wing with triangular white spot on antemedial line 

just below the cell e.rreha. 

B. Fure wing without white spot on an^emedial line fixseiti. 

*4t)04. Metopoplus excelsa. 

Clidia excelsa, Christ. Eoni. Meui. ii. p. 2U5, pi. 13. f. 4 (1885) ; Stand. Cat. 
Lep. pal. p. 222. 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen yellow. Fore wing yelloAv mixed 
with some brown and white ; subbasal line dark brown defined by 
reddish brown on outer side, from costa to vein 1 ; antemedial line 
dark brown, slightly sinuous, interrupted just below the cell by a small 
triangular pure white spot defined by dark brown ; orbicular and 
reniform absent ; a diffused reddish-brown medial shade ; postmedial 
line dark brown, excurved below costa and at middle, then slightly 
sinuous ; a diffused red-brown band beyond it expanding to near 
termen between veins 7 and 6 and to termen between veins 5 and 4 ; 
cilia chequered pale yellow and reddish brown. Hind Aving ])ale 
yellow. 

JIah. Akmexia ; Pkksia, Schahkuli. AVc^j. A'2 millini. This 
species is unknown to me. 



4605. Metopoplus fixseni. 

Meiojwplus fijcseni, Christ. Iris, vi. p. 02(1893); Alph. Eom. Mem. ix. 
p. 221, pi. b. f. (i ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 222. 

S . Head and thorax yellowish white tinged with ochreous ; fore 
femora brown above ; tarsi banded with brown ; abdomen yellowish 




Fig. 91. — Meto2]opli(s fixseni, J. |. 

white dorsally suffused with brown. Fore Aving pale yellow, the 
ante- and postmedial areas suffused Avith brownish ochreous ; ante- 
medial line rufous, double, the inner line indistinct, curved ; a 
medial brownish ochreous shade ; postmedial line rufous, double, 
the outer line indistinct, slightly excurved below costa and at 
median uervules, incurved at discal fold and below vein 3 and bent 



MfiXOPOrLCS. — MTCTEROPLrS. 



231 



outwards to inner margin ; subteriuinal line only defined by the 
contrast between the postmedial and terminal areas, angled outwards 
at veins 7, 6, 4, 3 ; the veins of terminal area slightly streaked with 
brown ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia with series of rufous spots 
at-, tips. Hind wing yellowish white ; an indistinct sinuous post- 
medial line and pale rufous terminal band from apex to vein 1 ; a 
red-brown terminal line. Underside of fore wing with rufous 
suffusion in cell leaving a round whitish orbicular stigma, the 
postmedial band rufous ; hind wing faintly tinged with rufous. 

Hah. W. TuRKKSTAN, Turcomania, Achal Tekke, 1 S • ^'^•fj>. 
36 millim. 



Genus MYCTEROPLUS. 

Ijpe. 
Mj/c/eroplm, Heri-.-Schaff. Eiir. Schiuett. ii. p. L!4"J (1849; ... piuiiceago. 
Sh'phaniu, Giieu. Noct. ii. p. 172 (1852) puniceayo. 

Proboscis aborted, small; palpi porrect, liardly extending beyond the fi'oiis 
and fringed with long hair beLnv ; fron.s with round corneous prominence with 
raised edges and curved corneous plate below it; eyes large, round ; autennre 
of male lanniiate and almost simple ; tliorax clothed wUh iiair and scales mixed, 
the pro- and tiietathorax with spreading crests; tibiie fringed with long hair, 
the fore tibia short and rather dilated, the 1st joint of tarsus with four curved 
claws on outer side longer at extremity ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base 
only. Fore wing with, be apex rounded, the teruieu evenly curved and iiardly 
crenulate; \eins 3 and "i from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with IS to form the areo'e ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins o, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of discoceliulurs ; 
0, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with cell near base only. 



4600. Mycteropliis piiniceago. 

Xantlua ■piinkeaqo, Boisd. Gen. & Ind. Meth. p. 145 (1840) ; Dup. Lep. 

Fr., Suppl. iv.'p. 234, pi. 70. f. 5; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. 

fT. 43, 436 ; Frr. Neue Eeitr. pi. 516. f. 4; Guen. Noct. ii, p. 173. pi. 1». 

f. 8; Mill. Icones, iii. pi. 139. ff. 6, 7 ; Alph. Iris, viii. p. 175 (fig.); 

Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 222. 
Mycteroplm viridicolor, Krul. Eev. llusse, Ent. i. p. 237 (1901). 

Head and thorax pale yellow suftused with rufous ; pectus and 
legs pale yellow, the fore legs tinged with rufous ; abdomen white 




^jiais^' \4 V\\ V^ 

Fig. 02. — ?\hirteroplus puniceago, ^ 



'"^i 



dorsally tinged with rufous at base. JFore wing ])ale yellow siigh 
suffused with rufous ; a faint subbasal rufous striga from costa 



232 



KOCTTTID^. 



point 021 median nervure ; slight obliquely placed antemedial rufous 
points on costa and inner margin and a dark point in submedian 
fold ; a rufous medial band diffused on outer side, oblique from 
costa to lower angle of cell, then somewhat incurved ; a post- 
medial dark point in diacal fold ; an indistinct diffused subterminal 
rufous band, excurved between veins 7 and 2. Hind wing pure 
white. 

Ab. 1, viridicolor. Fore wing greenish ; hind wing greenish 
white. 

Hah. Rumelia; S, ErssiA, Odessa, Zeller Coll.,Sarepta( C/iWsfo^), 
Zellcr, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Akmenia ; "W. Tukkestan, Turco- 
mania. Ecej). 40 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 164; Hffm. Eaup. p. 105, pi. 29. 
f. 3. 

lleddish yellow mottled with red and with red lateral line. 
Food-plants: seeds oiAtrii'Tea: nitensan.^ Clienojjodium iwlysjjermum. 



Genus PSECTROTARSIA, nov. 

Type, P. fuscirena. 

Proboscis fully dcTeloped ; palpi pori-eet, reaching to just berorid frons and 
fringed with hair below, the 3rd joint short ; frons with rounded corneous 
prominence with slight raised edges and corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 
rounded ; antenna? of male ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair only and 
without crests ; tibios moderately fringed with hair ; fore tarsi with seven 
curyed claw-lilie spines on outer side of 1st joint ; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 
(i, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosiiag with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing with the ba.sal and postmedial areas white 

irrorated with brown fiiscirena. 

B. Fere wing wholly yellow flava. 



4607. Psectrotarsia fuscirena, n. sp. 

c? . Head and thorax ochreous white ; antenna) j ale brown ; 
pectus white; legs yellowish, the tarsi brownish; abdomen 




Fig. 93. — Psectrotarsia fuscirena, c?. i. 



ochreous white slightly irrorated with brown. Fore wing with 
the basal, costal, and postmedial areas ochreous white irrorated 



P9ECTR0TARSIA. DICTCLA. 233 

with brown, the medial area bright lemon-yellow except at costa 
and on the veins, the terminal area pale yellow; orbicular white 
with brown-irrorated centre, oblique elliptical, a small blackish 
spot below it in submediau fold ; reniform an oblique blackish 
lunule with white annulus ; cilia pale yellow mixed with brown at 
tips. Hind wing pure white. 

Hah. Argeivtika, Mendoza, Trofero Sosa {Bayne), 1 <S type. 
E.vp. 30 millim. 



*4608. Psectrotarsia flava. (Plate CXLII. fig. 12.) 

Psectrotarsia flava, Dogn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. li. p. 240 (1907). 

$. Head, thorax, and abdomen yellow. Fore wing yellow, 
the costa and postruedial area suffused with rufous ; antemedial 
line rufous, obliquely curved from costa to vein 1, then strongly 
bent outwards ; orbicular slightly defined by rufous on outer side ; 
reniform a diffused rufous patch with some fuscous and grey at 
middle ; an oblique waved rufous line from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line rufous, very minutely waved, ex- 
curved below costa, then oblique ; the postmedial area with some 
fuscous suffusion from costa to vein (i ; subtorminal line slight, 
rufous, somewhat excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; some 
slight dark points on apical part of termen ; cilia yellow ;it base, 
rufous at tips. Hind wing pale yellow, with slight discoidal 
lunule, curved postmedial line, and diffused subterminal baud. 
Underside of fore wing with the discoidal patch blackish, a rather 
diffused postmedial line from costa to vein 3 and diffused sub- 
terminal band ; hind wing Avith the costal area irroratcd with 
rufous, a slight dark discoidal spot and curved postmedial line from 
costa to vein 4. 

Ilab. Peru, Trujillo, typef $ in Coll. Hognin. E.ij). 32 millim. 



Genus DICYCLA. 



Type. 



Picj/cia, Guen. Koct. ii. p. 7 (18.52) 

Eufjramma, Steph. Cat. IBrit. Lep. p. 110 (1856), non descr oo. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
jibout to middle of irons and moderately frmged with hnir in front, the 3rd 
moderate; frons smooth; eyes large, round; antennse of male bipectinate 
with short branches, the apex serrate ; thorax smoothly clothed with hair and 
hair-like scales and without crests; tibiae moderately fringed with hair; 
abdoiren with some rough hair at base but without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex rounded, the termen slightly crenulate and rather oblique toward.s 
tornus ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from U]iper angle ; 9 from 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle ol' disco- 
cellulars; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 



23-i NociriD.i':. 

4()()9. Dicycla oo. 

Bomhi/x no, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. x. p. 507 (17.'i8; ; Esp Schmett. iii. pi. 71. 
ff. 2-5 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vi. p. 174. pi. 84. ff. 2, 3 ; Geyer, Eur. tfclimett., 
jS'oct. f. 867 ; Frr. Neue Beitr. pi. 454 ; Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Iluust. 
iii. p. 59; Staud. Cat. Lep. piil. p. 203. 

yoctua ferruginago, Hiibn. Eur. Suhmett., Noct. f. 195 (18U2). 

Noctiia renago, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 238 (1809). 

Dicycla sul'phurca, Slnud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 203 (1901). 

Dicycla grheugo, Schultz, Soe. Ent. xxi. p. 3 (1907). 

Head and Ihorax very i)ale yellow, the verte.x of head witli a few 
blackish scales and the thorax tin<;ed with red-brown except in 
front ; palpi with the I^nd joint red-brown at sidis ; antennse red- 
brown except at l)ase ; pectns and legs with red-brown mixed ; 
abdomen whitish slightly tinged with rufous except at base. Fore 
wing very pale yellow irrorated with rufous, the veins streaked 




Fig. 94. — Dicycla oo, J. 



with rufous, the basul area suffused with rufous except at base of 
costa, and the postmedial area tinged with rufous; subbasal line 
red-brown defined by yellow on outer side, waved, from costa 
to submedian fold; anteniedial line red-brown detined by yellow 
on inner side, waved, excurved below costa, then oblique ; claviform 
defined by red-brown, small, elliptical ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by red-brown, the former small, round, the latter rather 
rounded with slight rufoxis lunule in centre ; medial line rather 
diffused, red-brown, obliquely excurved to median nervure, then 
oblique ; postmeciial line red-brown defined by yellow on outer 
side, oblique to vein G, then very minutely waved, excurved to 
vein 4 then incurved; subterminal line formed of small brown 
lunules, slightly excurved below vein 7, then almost straight, 
a brown mark beyond it above and below vein 5 ; a red-brown 
terminal line ; cilia pale yellow intersected with red-brown. Hind 
wing vellowish white, the veins faintly tinged with red-brown ; 
a ].ale'red-brown terminal line : cilia pale yellow ; the underside 
with the costal area slightly yellowei'. 

Ab. 1. rc'iuK/o. Fore wing with the basal and postmedial areas 
suffused with fuscous brown. 

Ab. 2. sidplmreu. Fore wing nearly uniform pale yellow. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Fr.\nce ; GERM.A^n', Zeller, Frey, and 
Leech Colls.; At;sxKi.i ; Htjn«.\ry, Leech Coll.; Savitzerlaxd ; 
X.W. yrAiN (C'/iapiiian); Lxaly ; Dalmatia, Leech Coll. ; S. Scandi- 



DICTCLA. — KXAECtIA. 235 

NAViA ; R;:ssiA, Siircpta ( Chriatvff) ; Arjiexia ; Asia Minor, Poiitns, 
Taurus, Am an us Mts., 1 c^ ; Syria, 1 cS , Mardin ; Persia ; W. 
Siberia. E.vp. 34-40 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. US ; Barrett, L»p. Brit. v. p. 312, pi. 223. f. 3. 

Elackish ; an irregular dorsal and slender subdorsal white line ; 
spiracular line broad, yellowish white, traversed by a fine dark line; 
dots white ; head black. Food-plant, Oak ; among leaves spun 
together. 4-5. 



Genus ENARGIA. 

Type. 

Awajy/iff, Hiibn. \ei-z p. 235 (1827) paleacea. 

Euperia, Guen. Ann. See. Ent. Fr. 1841, p. 242, non descr. ; 

id. Noct. ii. p. 5 (1852) paleacea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
mi Idle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd nioderate ; 
frons smooth ; eyes large, round; aiitennje of male typically ciliated : thorax 
olotLed with hair only and without crests; tibije moderately fringed with 
hair ; abdomen with some roufjh hair at base and lateral fringes of hair but 
without crest.**. Fore wing with the apex rather produced and acute, the 
terraen slightly crenulate and oblique towards tornus ; veins 3 and 5 from near 
angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the 
areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3. 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obso- 
lescent from middle of di.'cocelhilars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked or from angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antenna- of male bipectiuate with rather long brunches, the apical 
part serrate. 

A. Fore wing with the antemedial line very oblique. 

a. Fore wing with the postmedial line slightly excurved 

from below costa to vein 4 uliris. 

b. Fore wing with the postmedial line straight from 

below costa to vein 4 reqiua. 

B. Fore wing with the antemedial line almost erect horjouieituh. 

4610. Enargia ulicis. 

Comnia u/iri.<'. Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1859, p. 21-J ; Herr.-SchJiff. Neue 
Schraett. ff. 121, 122; Rmbr. Cat. Lep. S. And. pi. 11. f. 6; Staud. Cat. 
Lep. pal. p. 204. 

$ . Head and thorax crimson-red mixed with some whitisli ; 
pectus, mid femora, and hind legs whitish ; abdomen whitish 
suffused with crimson except at base. Fore wing crimson-red, 
the base and basal half of costal area with a whitish tinge ; an 
oblique red antemedial line defined by whitish on inner side ; 
orbicular a faint minute whitish annulus ; reniform narrow, defined 
by whitish except on outer side where it is hardly traceable, and 
with a blackish bar on inner edge of centre ; postmedial line red 
defined by whitish on outer side, bent outwards below costa, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique to inner margin near antemedial 
line ; subterminal line very indistinct, whitish, defined on inner 
side by black scales from costa to below vein 7, where it is angled 



236 NOCTUIDiE. 

outwards ; a slight pale line at base of cilia. Hind wing white 
suffused with pink except at base, in cell, and on costal area ; cilia 
white tinged with pink at tips ; the underside white, the costal 
and terminal areas irrorated with pink, an indistinct curved post- 
medial line. 

The male is more red-hrown and the female may be olive-brown. 

Huh. Spain, Andalusia, Catalonia ; Syria, Eibes, 1 $ . Exp. 
38 millim. 

4G11. Enargia regina. 

Cosmia. regina, Stand. Iris, iv. p. 297, pi. 4. f. 2 (1891) ; id. Cat. Lep. ])al- 
p. 204. 

S . Head and thorax ochreous yellow slightly tinged with 
rufous ; palpi pinkish at sides ; antennje rufous ; tibiae and tarsi 
strongly tinged with rufous ; abdomen ochreous white suffused 
with rufous. Fore wing ochreous yellow tinged with rufous, more 
strongly on medial area ; a blackish subbasal point in cell ; ante- 
medial line indistinct, rufous defined by whitish on inner side, very 




Fig. 95. — Enargia regina, (^ . \. 

oblique and almost straight; orbicular and reniform with rufous 
centres and pale ochreous annuli, the former small, oblique 
elli])tical, the latter oblong, the inner side of centre suffused with 
blackish ; postmedial line indistinct, rufous defined by yellowish 
Avhite on outer side, slightly bent outwards below costa and 
oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line yellowish Avhite with 
three small black spots on inner side below costa, slightly bent 
inwards at discal fold, excurved, minutely waved and faintly 
defined by brown on outer side at middle ; cilia more strongly 
tinged with rufous, with faint yellowish lines at base and middle. 
Hind wing white, the inner and terminal areas tinged with pink ; 
cilia pale yellow, whitish at tips ; the underside with the costal 
and terminal areas slightly irrorated with rufous, a slight discoidal 
spot and curved postmedial line. 

5 . Head, thorax, and fore wing rufous, the last with the medial 
area bright rufous ; hind wing suffused with brown. 

Hab. Algeria, Le Tarf, 1 $ ; Cyprus {Miss Beite), 2 c? , 1 2 ; 
Asia Minor, Pontus, 1 6 , Taurus ; W. Tttekestan, Ala Tau ; 
E. Siberia, Amurland. Exp. 40-42 millim. 



ENARGIA, 237 



*4612. Enargia borjomensis. 

Cirrcedia borjomciiais, Cliiist. Rom. Mem. ii. p. 61, pi. 3. f. 6 (1885); 
Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 204. 

2 . Head white, the palpi and frons reddish brown ; thorax 
reddish yellow ; pectus reddish white, the legs and abdomen pale 
red. Fore wing yellowish suffused Avith red ; a subbasal black 
point; antemedial line dark, almost erect; reniform black -brown, 
quadrate ; postmedial line dark, excurved from costa to vein 4, 
then incurved. Hind wing yellowish white tinged with reddish, 
especially on terminal area ; a pale curved postmcdial line ; cilia 
Avhite. 

Hab. xVkmenia, Borjora. Ea^. 40 milliiu. This species is 
unknown to me. 

Sect. II. Antenna; of male ciliated. 

A. Fore mng vvitii the ante- and postmcdial linos not 
defined by white 

a. Fore wing with the antemedial line obiique, waved ... staudinijcri. 

b. Fore wing witli the antemedial line oblique from costa 

to submedian fold, where it is more or less angled. 

a}. Fore wing yellow sliglitly irrorated with rufous palearca. 

/<!. Fore wiug whitisii to yellow or iiesh-red thickly 

irrorated willi rufous or dark brown decolura. 

E. Fore wing with the ante- and postniedial lines defined 
by white. 

a. Fore wing yellow more or less irrorated ;ind suffLiscd 

with rufous imhiila. 

b. Fore wing yellowisli white more or less irrorated and 

suffused with brown abliiia. 

*4Gi3. Enargia staudingeri. (Plate CXLII. fig. 13.) 

Hiptelia staudingeri, Alph. Hor. Ent. Soc. Ross. xvii. p. 86, pi. 3. f. 60 
a882); Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 204. 

Head and thorax pale yellow tinged with rufous ; antennas 
white ; abdomen yellowish white slightly tinged with rufous. 
Pore wing pale yellow thickly irrorated with rufous, the veins 
irrorated with a few dark scales ; subbasal line represented by an 
indistinct rufous striga from costa ; antemedial line rufous, 
oblique, waved, bent inwards to costa and incurved at vein 1 ; 
orbicular and reniform slightly deiined by rufous, the former 
round, the latter rather produced at upper extremity and with 
slight dark mark at lower angle of cell ; postmcdial line rufous 
slightly defined on outer side by whitish, minutely waved, oblique 
to vein 6 and below vein 3 ; subterminal line slightly defined on 
inner side by rufous suffusion, somewhat excurved below vein 7 
and at middle ; a terminal series of slight dark points ; cilia with 
a slight whitish line at base. Hind wing yellowish white, the 
terminal area faintly tinged with rufous ; a fine curved postmcdial 
line and slight terminal line ; cilia white ; the underside with the 



238 



NOCTUIDiE. 



costal area and terminal area to vein 3 tinged and irrorated with 
rufous, a discoidal point and sinuous rufous postmedial line. 

Hah. W. Turkestan, Merv, Issyk-kul ; E. Turkestan, Hi, 
Alexander Mts. in Coll. riingeler. Kvp. 40 millim. 



4614. Enargia paleacea. 

Noctua pahacea, Esp. Sclimett. iv. pi. 122. ff 3.4 (178S) ; Stand. Cat. Lep. 

pal. p. 204. 
^'octuu fulvago, Hiibn. Eur. Schiiiett., Noct. ff. 198-9 (1802), nee Linn.; 

Dup. J.ep. Fr. vii. pt. 1. p. 125, pi. 109. f. 1 ; Steph. 111. Unt. Ent., 

HausL. iii. p. 62. 
Noctua miyuUigo, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 239 (1800). 
Cosmia teichi, Krul. Bull, itlosc. 1893, p. 81. 
Cosmiafusca, Schultz, Soc. Ent. xiv. pp. 139, IBo (1899). 

Head and thorax brigJit yellow tinged with rufous ; pectus 
mixed with white ; abdomen white tinged with yellow except at 
base. Fore wing orange-yellow slightly irrorated with red ; sub- 
basal line red, from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line red, 
oblique from costa to submedian fold, then inwardly oblique ; 
orbicular and reniform large, defined by red, the former round, the 
latter with red-brown spot in lower part ; medial lino rather 
diffused, rufous, oblique from costa to reniform, inwardly oblique 
from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line red, 




Fig. 9(3. — Enar:,ia ixdeavru, (^ . 



oblique from costa to vein 6 and below vein 4; subterminal line 
faint, diffused, rufous, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a 
terminal series of small red-brown lunules, almost obsolete at apex 
and between veins 4 and 2. Hind wing very pale yellow ; the 
underside with faint reddish discoidal spot, slight curved postmedial 
line from costa to vein 2, and series of slight terminal lunules from 
apex to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. teichi. Fore wing witli the medial and terminal areas 
tinged with fuscous. 

Bab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Germany, 
Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; xiusTRiA ; Hungary; Switzeklanu, 
Frey Coll.; N. Italy ; Russia, Li\onia, Zeller Coll., Sarepta, Leech 
Coll. ; W. Turkestan, Ala Tau ; W. Siberia, Altai ; Mongolia, 
Changai Mts. ; E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri. Exp. 40-46 millim. 



ENARGIA. 239 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 118; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 308, pi. 223. f. 2. 

Pale dull green irrorated with white ; segmental incisures 
3'ellowish ; dorsal and subdorsal lines white ; spiracular line double, 
white ; spiracles edged with purple ; head pale yellow. Pood- 
plants : Birch, Oak. 5-0. 

461-3. Enargia decolora. (Plate CXLII. iig. 14.) 

Mythimna decolor, Wlk. xv. 1658 (1859). 

Urthoi/a infiiniata, Grrote, Bull. Buif. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. IGU (1874). 

Cosmia piuKtirena, Smith, Can. Ent. xxsii. p. 222 (I'JOO; ; Dsar. Cat. Lep. 

N. Am. p. 179. 
Cosmia discolor, Smith, Cat. Noct. X. Am. p. 214 (1893). 

Head and thorax orange-red mixed with yellowish ; i)alpi 
brownish mixed with white ; pectus and legs white tinged with 
brown ; abdomen ochreous white dorsally suffused with brown, the 
anal tuft and ventral surface tinged with rufous. Fore wing 
orange-red slightly irrorated with brown ; subbasul line brown, 
from costa to submedian fold ; antemedial line brown, oblique from 
eosta to submedian fold, then inwardly oblique ; orbicular and 
reniforra large, defined by brown, the former large, the latter with 
blackish spot at lower anole of cell ; a diffused fuscous medial 
shade, oblique from costa to reniform and incurved from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial line brown, oblique from 
costa to vein 6 and incurved below vein 4 ; a broad oblique fuscous 
brown shade from costa before subterminal line to lower angle of 
cell ; subterminal line yellowish, excurved at vein 7 and at middle ; 
terminal area suffused with fuscous brown except at apex ; a 
terminal series of slight dark points ; cilia red-brown, whitish at 
tips. Hind wing very pale yellow with a faint reddish tinge ; a 
faint curved postmedial line and traces of a diffused subterminal 
line ; cilia whitish at tips ; the underside with the costal and 
terminal areas slightly irrorated with red-brown, a small brownish 
discoidal spot and indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. infamata. Head, thorax, and fore wing much greyer, 
thickly irrorated with fuscous. 

Ab. 2. Pore wing yellowish white with slight dark irroration. 

Ab. 3. Fore wing pale yellow irrorated with red, the markings 
reddish. 

Hah. Cax.^da {Nnrvtan), 1 5, Renfrew Co., 1 c? , Ontario, Orilla 
(Bash), 1 c? type, Manitoba, Aweme [Cfiddlc), 1 J, Cartwright 
(Heath), '6 d , 2 $ , Alberta, Calgary [WoUeif-Dod), 10 J, 4 $; 
U.S.A., New York, 1 cT , 2 $ , Albany {HiU),\ ? , Malawqua Co., 

1 d* , 1 2 type infumata, California, Lr. Klamath P^. ( WalsirKjham)^ 

2 c?. Exp. 38-46 millim. 

Larva. Coquillet, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. x. p. 1H9. 

Green ; dorsal, subdorsal, and less distinct substigmatal whitish 
lines ; warts and spiracles white, the latter ringed with black ; 
ventral surface and legs green ; head yellowish green. Food-plant : 
FopuJus trichocrirpa. 4. 



240 NOCTUID^. 



46 LG. Enargia inibuta. 

CoAmla imhaf.a, Boiscl. Gen. & Ind. Meth. p. 143 (ISiO) ; Fit. Neiie Beitr. 

pi. -ibS). if. 2, 3 ; Heri-.-Schiiff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 112, 115-G ; Stand. 

Oat. Lep. pal. p. 204. 
Cosmia ruju/a, Sttiiid. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. 115 (1871). 
Cosmia arenaria; Bartel, Iris, xv. p. 210 (1902). 

Head and thorax pale ochreous yellow faintly tinged with rufous ; 
palpi and antennae more strongly tinged with rufous ; pectus with 
white mixed ; abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing pale ochreous 
yellow slightly tinged with rufous ; subbasal line absent ; faint 
traces of a curved rufous antemedial line ; orbicular and reniform 
absent; a rufous point at lower angle of cell ; traces of an obliciue 
rufous line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; postmedial 
line rufous, excurved to vein 4, then slightly incurved ; subterminal 
line absent ; cilia rufous at ba-^e, white at tips. Hind wing- 
yellowish white, the inner half tinged with rufous; cilia ochreous 
at base, white at tips ; the underside ochreous white. 

Ab. 1. rufula. Fore wing suffused with bright rufous, the lines 
and stigmata clearly defined by pale yellow. 

Ab. 2. arenaria. Fore wing with the terminal half irrorated 
with fuscous, strongly in female. 

Hah. S. KussiA, Sarepta, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. Exp. 
30-42 millim. 



4617. Enargia abluta. 

Noetaa ahliota, Hiibii. Eiu-. Schiuett., Noct. f. ;35l (1808) : Dup. Lep. Fr., 

Suppl. iii. p. 327, pi. 30. f. 3 ; Staud. Cat. Ljp. pal. p. 201. 
Euperia, glauciUa, Gruen. Noct. ii. p. 5 (18.52). 

Head and thorax yellowish white slightly mixed with brown ; 
palpi with the 2nd joint brownish above ; antennae brownish ; 
abdomen yellowish white faintly tinged with brown. Fore wing 
yellowish white slightly irrorated with brown especially on terminal 
half; subbasal line represented by a slight brown striga from 
costa ; antemedial line pale brown, oblique from costa to submedian 
fold, then nearly erect ; orbicular and reniform with very faint 
whitish annuli, the former small, oblique elliptical, the latter with 
round fuscous spot at lower angle of cell ; a faint curved diffused 
brownish medial shade ; postmedial line pale brown defined by 
white on outer side and with slight dark point at costa, oblique 
from costa to vein 6 and slightly incurved below vein 4 ; an in- 
distinct whitish subterminal line excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle ; cilia with brownish line at middle. Hind wing white 
faintly tinged with bi'own except on costal area and termen : an in- 
distinct curved postmedial line ; a slight brown terminal line ; the 
underside white, a slight brown postmedial line from costa to 
vein 6. 

Ab. 1. (jlaucula. Fore wing suffused with grey-brown, the lines 
and stigmata clearly defined by white. 



DERRIMA. 241 

Hah. Austria ; Hu.vgaeit, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; 
? jS". Italy ; ? Eussia, Urals. Exp. 34-42 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 185; Hffm. Raup. p. 115. 

Green with fuscous dorsal stripes ; head brown. Pood-plant: 
Populus alha. 7-8. 



Genus DERRIMA. 



Type. 



Berrima, Wlk. xii. 770 (1857) steUata. 

Fhilomma, Grote, Proc. Eiit. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 2 (1864) stellata. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint not 
reaching middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd 
short; frons with slight rounded prominence with corneous plate below it; 
eyes large, round ; antennre of male serrate ; thorax clothed with hair over- 
lying scales and without crests ; tibije moderately fringed with hair, the fore 
tibise with long curved claw on inner side and two claws on outer ; abdomen 
without crests. Fore wing short and broad, the apex rounded, the termen 
evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form theareole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

4618. Derrima stellata. 

Derrima stellata, Wlk. sii. 770 (1857). 

Hdlomma henrietta, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 3, pi. 2. f. 1 (1864) ; 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 271. 

(Jienrietta) . Head and thorax bright crimson-pink, the meta- 
thorax yellowish, the antennae whitish tinged with crimson, the 
pectus ochreous except in front, the legs crimson ; abdomen 
ochreous tinged with crimson. Fore wing olive-yellow, the costal 
and terminal areas broadly bright crimson -pink ; an antemedial 




Of 

Fig. ^1 .—Derrima steUata, (^ . \. 



round silvery white spot below the cell defined by black and ringed 
with crimson and a similar discoidal spot ; postraedial line repre- 
sented by a series of white points on inner edge of the pink 
terminal area, excurved from costa to vein 6, then oblique. Hind 
wing ochreous yellow. Underside of fore wing with the disk 
suffused with fuscous brown ; hind wing with the costa suffused 
with pink. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with tbe ocellate spot below the cell centred 
with grey. 

VOL. IX. B 



242 NOCTUID^. 

Ab. 2. stellata. Fore wing witli the t,wo spots not ringed with 
pink, the postmedial series of white points more prominent ; hind 
wing almost wholly suffused with pink. 

Hah. U.S.A. (Donhleday), 1 $ type, Massachusetts ((?ro<<?), 2 d" , 
6 5, New York, lihode'l., 1 J, South to Florida and AVest to 
Mississippi States. Exp. 24-30 millim. 



Genus STIRIA. 

Type. 

Sliria, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 73 (1874) rugifrons. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely porrect, extending to just beyond 
the frons, the 2ud joint moderately fringed witli hair below, the iird short; 
frons with larjie heart-shajDed corneous prominence with raised edges, its 
lower edge produced to a point, a corneous plate below it ; eyes largo, round ; 
antenna; of male laminate and minutely ciliated ; thorax clothed with rough 
scales, the pro- and metathorax with spreading crests, the patagia curled 
upwards at extremity; tibite moderately fringed with hair, the fore tibite with 
large curved claw on inner side; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex produced and acute, the termcn oblique below vein 4 and crenulate, 
the tornus with sliglit scale-tooth ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 
from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form theareole ; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

A. Fore wing with grey-brown patch on medial inner area, 
a. Fore wing yellow. 

a}. Fore wing with the patch on medial area large and 

irregularly quadrate rjigifrons. 

h^. Fore wing with the patch on medial area much 

smaller and conical siilpkurea. 

h. Fore wing grey-white consuela. 

B. Fore wing without grey-brown patch on medial inner 

area. 

a. Fore wing with broad pale medial band hufi^oni. 

b. Fore wing without pale medial band fidiginosa. 

4619. Stiria rugifrons. 

Stiria rugifrons, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat, Sci. ii. p. 73 (1874) ; Druce, 
Biol. Centr.-Am., Ilet. ii. p. 484, pi. 94. f. 9 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 
p. 262. 

Palpi and frons whitish mixed with brown, vertex of liead pale 
3'ellow, antennte brownish ; thorax brown mixed with wliite and 
black, the tegulte pale yellow towards base ; pectus and legs 
whitish mixed with brown ; abdomen yellowish white. Fore wing 
greenish yellow faintly irrorated with brown ; a slight brown sub- 
basal line from costa to vein 1 and a diffused brown patch above 
inner margin ; a brown point in cell before the antemedial line, 
which is indistinct, oblique and sinuous to submcdian fold, then 
inwardly oblique and angled inwards on vein 1 ; medial area with 
large red-brown patch from submcdian fold to inner margin ; 
orbicular hardly defined except by brown striae on inner and outer 



J 



STIRIA. 



243 



sides above discal fold ; reniform represented by a small brown 
diseoidal lunule and points on inner edge in upper part of cell and on. 
median nervure and on outer edge beyond upper angle of cell ; post- 
medial lino indistinct, brownish, dentate, oblique below vein G and 




Fig. 98. — Stiria mgifrons, cJ. {. 

bent outwards below submedian fold ; terminal area suffused with 
reddisli brown from below apex where it narrows to a point to 
below vein 2 ; a brown terminal line ; cilia brown mixed with 
whitish. Hind wing yellowish white, with slight reddish-brown 
terminal line from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. U.S.A., Kansas, 1 $ type, Colorado, Denver, New Mexico, 
Albuquerque Mts. (Oslar), 2 (^ , 2 2 l Mexico, Durango {Beclcer), 
1 J J Godman-Salvin Coll. Eocp. 42-50 millim. 



4620. Stiria sulphurea. (Plate CXLII. fig. 15.) 

Stiria sulphurea, Neum. Papilio, ii. p. 135 (1882) ; Smith, Oat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 26a 

Head and front of thorax pale yellow, the palpi, frons, and 
antennae reddish brown ; hind part of thorax reddish brown mixed 
with whitish ; pectus and legs yellow tinged with red-brown ; 
abdomen yellow tinged with brown. Fore wing greenish yellow ; 
a patch of reddish-brown suffusion on basal inner area ; a subbasal 
blackish point in cell ; a conical reddish-brown patch on middle of 
inner margin defined by darker brown ; orbicular represented by 
blackish points on its inner and outer sides ia upper part of cell, 
the reniform by a blackish diseoidal point and points in and beyond 
upper and lower angles of cell ; postmedial line indistinct, dark, 
oblique to vein 7, then waved, obliquely curved to the conical patch 
and traversing its middle ; terminal area suffused with reddish 
brown from below apex where it narrows to a point to below vein 2 ; 
a slight brown terminal line ; cilia brown with a slight pale line at 
base. Hind wing white tinged with reddish brown especially on 
terminal area ; cilia white faintly tinged with brown. Underside 
of fore wing brown, the costa, apical area, and termen yellowish ; 
hind wing white, the terminal area slightly irrorated with brown, 
traces of a diffused curved subterminal line. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the points representing orbicular and 
reniform except diseoidal point and the postmedial line absent. 

Uah. U.S.A., Arizona, 1 d , Prescott (Kunze), 11 J, 3 $. 
E:q). 34-36 millim. 

e2 



2^4 noctuib-t;. 



*462l. Stiria consuela. 

Stiria consuela, Streck. Lep. Ehop. & Het., Suppl. 3. p. 34 (1900) ; Dyar, 
Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 196, 

2 . Head and tegulse greyish white ; thorax and abdomen pale 
ash-grey, the latter paler towards extremity. Fore Aving greyish 
white shading to purplish grey on terminal area, the base verj' 
faintly tinged with yellow ; a minute discoidal point ; a large grey 
patch on medial inner area ; postmedial line bent outwards below 
costa, then even and obliquely curved ; cilia pale grey. Hind wing 
pale purplish grey : cilia pure white. Underside of fore wing grey 
with the costa and termen white ; hind wing pure white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona. Exp. 34 millim. This species is un- 
known to me. 

4G22. Stiria hutsoni. (Plate CXLII. fig. IG.) 
Stibadium hutsoni, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxiii. p. 140 (1907). 

(S . Head whitish ; thorax pale olive-grey ; abdomen brownish. 
Fore wing bright olive-grey ; a broad pale medial band not quite 
extending to costa ; a narrower diffused pale baud from apex to 
inner margin beyond middle, slightly waved and less distinct at 
apex; an indistinct diffused pale terminal band ; cilia olive. Hind 
wing uniform fuscous brown ; the underside whitish with an 
ochreous tinge. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, "Walters' Station, Arizona, Yuma Co., 
Prescott, 1 6 . Exp. 20-22 millim. 

4623. Stiria fuliginosa. (Plate CXLII. fig. 17.) 

Stibadium fuliginosa, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxxiii. p. 140 (1907). 

Head and thorax white with a faint brown tinge ; antennae 
and tarsi brown ; abdomen red-brown. Fore wing whitish strongly 
suffused with red-brown to the postmedial line, the terminal area 
white irrorated with brown ; postmedial line rather diffused, white, 
arising from costa near apes, very oblique, slightly incurved below 
vein 4 ; a diffused oblique white subterminal line from vein 7 to 
inner margin ; a fine brown terminal line. Hind wing red- 
browa irrorated with whitish, the underside white slightly irrorated 
with brown. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Walters' Station, 1 J , 1 $ . Arizona, 
Phoenix. Exp. 22 millim. 

Genus XANTHIRIA, nov. 

Type, X. primtdina. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, hardly reaching to 
middle of frons and slightly fringed with liair in front ; frons with rounded 
prominence with corneous plate below it; eyes large, round; antennae of male 



XANTHIEIA. 245 

laminate and ciliated; thorax clothed with hair and scales mixed, the pro- 
thorax without crest, the metathorax with spreading crest, the patagia curled 
u|)ward3 at extremities ; tibi.'e smoothly sealed, the fore tibite with small 
curved claw on inner side at extremity ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing 
with the apex somewhat produced and acute, the termen evenly curved and 
not crennlate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 
from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from well below middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



4624. Xanthiria primiilina. 

Metoponia primuUna, Druee, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 303, pi. 28. f. 10 

(1889). 

(S . Head, tegulse, and front of thorax bright yellow, the rest of 
thorax deep rufous ; palpi, froiis, aiiteunse, pectus, and legs tinged 
with rufous, the sides of frous dark brown : antennae rufous, 
ventrally yellow tinged with rufous. Fore wing bright yellow 
with deep rufous fascia on base of inner margin expanding into 
slight teeth at middle and extremity ; the costal edge tinged with 
rufous to beyond middle ; a subbasal black point in cell ; an ante- 
medial black point in upper part of cell ; the orbicular represented 




Fig. 99. —A'anfhiria priinnli)ia, (^ . {. 

by two black points, the reniform by two ^wints on its inner edge 
and one beyond upper angle of cell; faint traces of a rufous post- 
medial line excurved from vein 7 to 4, then obliquely incurved, 
with a brown point on inner margin ; a subterminal brown point 
on inner margin. Hind wing yellowish white suffused with brown ; 
cilia yellow. Underside of fore wing brown, the costa yellow 
tinged with rufous ; hind wing white tinged with brown es[)ecially 
on terminal area, traces of a diffused curved postraedial line. 

Bah. Mexico, Guerrero, Omilteme (//. B. Smith), 3 S fype, 
Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp. 36 millim. 

Genus STIRIODES, nov. 

Type, S. obtusa. 

Proboscis aborted, small; palpi obliquely porrect, extendmg to just beyond 
the frons, the 2nd joint slightly fringed wuh hair, the 3rd short, porrect; 
frons with roimded prominence with large flattened corneous plate at middle 
and curved plate below it; eyes large, rouud ; anttenna; of male laminate 
and ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales, the prothorax without 



246 



NOCTUID^. 



distinct crest, themetathorax with spreading crest ; tibia; moderately fringed with 
hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced, 
the term en obHquely curved and not creuulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle 
of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the 
areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3,4 from angle of cell; 5 
obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only, 

A. Hind wing yellowish white. 

a. Pore wing without conical brown spot on middle of inner 

margin ohtusa. 

h. Pore wing with conical brown spot on middle of inner 

margin perflava. 

B. Hind wing dark brown. 

a. Pore wing bright yellow demo. 

h. Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous procula. 

c. Pore wing deep rufous umhria. 



4625. Stiriodes oMusa. 

Mefxypoiiia ohtusa, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. p. 68, f. 210 (1853) ; 

Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 316. 
Metoponia obtusida, Zell. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxiii. p. 204, pi. 3. f. 2 

(1873). 

Head and tegiilae rufous ; thorax yellow, rufous in front and 
behind ; pectus and legs yellow suffused with rufous ; abdomen 
yellow tinged with rufous. Tore wing bright yellow tinged with 
rufous except on terminal area, the base of costal area rufous ; a 
rufous antemedial spot on costa and dark point in submedian fold ; 
a rather triangular red-brown spot on middle of costa extending 
into upper part of cell, an oblique red-brown bar from lower angle 
of cell to submedian fold and a spot on inner margin ; postmediid line 
represented by a small red-brown spot on costa, a point further 




Pig. 100. — Stiriodes ohtusa, ^J. 



from base in discal fold and a point in submedian fold ; a sub- 
terminal red-brown spot on costa and a series of small spots from 
discal fold to inner margin, excurved at vein 4. Hind wing 
ochreous white slightly irrorated with brown ; traces of a dift'used 
brown medial line from subcostal nervuro to inner margin, an 
oblique postmedial line arising from vein 6 and an indistinct 
diffused subterminal line. Underside of fore wing sufi'used with 
red-brown except apical part of costal area, the terminal and inner 
areas ; hind wing white irrorated with brown, the costal area yellow, 



STIRIODES. 2i7 

a merlial red-brown band from costa to middle of discoccllulars and 
diffused postmedial and subterniiiial lines. 

Hah. U.S.A., Middle and Central States, Texas, 1^,1? 
Exp., c? 24, $ 28 millim. 



4626. Stiriodes perflava. (Plate CXLII. fig. 18.) 

Metoponia perflava, Harv. Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. iii. p. 11 (1875); 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. -p. 316. 

S. Head and thorax pale yellow, the palpi, frons, antennce, 
pectus, and legs suffused with rufous ; abdomen yellowish white. 
Fore wing pale bright yellow, the costal edge tinged with rufous ; 
a subbasal rufous point on costa ; obliquely placed rufous anteraedial 
poiuts on costa aud in submediau fold and a diffused spot on inner 
margin ; a diffused rufous medial spot on costa ; obliiiuely placed 
postmedial rufous points in diseal and submediau folds and on 
inner margin ; an oblique rufous subterrainal bar from costa and 
traces of a curved series of points ; cilia rufous at diseal fold and 
tipped with rufous towards tornus. Hind wing Avhite tinged with 
yellow especially on terminal area ; the underside with the costal 
area tinged with yellow, a faint rufous bar from middle of costa 
and oblique subterminal line diffused towards costa. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas, 1 S type, Kerrville, 1 S • Exp. 30 millim. 



4627. Stiriodes demo. 

Metoponia demo, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 303, pi. xxviii. f. 9 
(1889). 

c? . Head and thorax bright yellow slightly mixed with rufous ; 
palpi aud frons suffused with rufous ; antennae brown ; pectus and 
legs ru<"ous mixed with some yellow ; abdomen dark brown with 
yellow line on last segment, the anal tuft yellow, the ventral surface 
5'ellow suffused with rufous. Fore wing bright yellow ; some red- 
brown on base of inner margin and a subbasal point on costa ; a 
small antemedial red brown spot on costa and points on median 
nervure and vein 1 ; a point in middle of cell and another below it 
in submedian fold ; a triangular red-brown patch on middle of costa 
and semicircular patch on inner margin ; traces of a line with dark 
points on the veins from beyond upper angle of cell to the patch on 
inner margin ; postmedial line double, the inner line very indistinct 
and reduced to points towards costa, excurved below costa, then 
very minutely waved and oblique below vein 4 ; a subterminal 
red-brown bar from costa and a series of points, the point in diseal 
fold further from terraen ; cilia with a series of red-brown points. 
Hind wing dark red-brown, the cilia pale yellow. Underside of 
fore wing red-brown, the terminal area yellow; bind wing yellow 
irrorated with red-brown, a diffused red-brown medial band, obli(]ue 
below diseal fold, a double postmedial line excurved below costa, 



248 NOCTUID^. 

then sinuous with a diffused |band beyond it from eosta to discal 
fold. 

Hah. Mexico, Guerrero, Amlila (//. H. Smith), 2 e? type, Godman 
Salyin Coll. Exjy. 30 millim. 



4628. Stiriodes procida. 

Mefoponia procida, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i, p. 304, pi. xxTiii. f. 11 
(1889). 

Head and thorax ochreous yellow tinged with rufous ; antennae 
brown ; palpi and legs with brown mixed ; abdomen ochreous 
yellow dorsally suffused with brown. Fore wing ochreous slightly 
tinged with rufous, the basal and postmedial areas slightly irrorated 
with brown, the costa brown at base; antemcdial line indistinct, 
double, waved, with dark points on its outer edge at costa, discal and 
submedian folds and inner margin ; a triangular brown patch at 
middle of costa with brown shade frona it to inner mai'giu in- 
terrupted at discal and submedian folds and angled at lower angle of 
cell ; postmedial line indistinct, double, brown, excurved, at discal 
and submedian folds slightly angled inwards and with dark points 
on its inner edge : a brown patch on costa towards apex, the rather 
punctiform subterminal line arising from it and slightly angled 
inwai'ds at discal and submedian folds ; a terminal series of brown 
striae. Hind wing yellowish almost wholly suffused with dark 
brown, the cilia yellow ; the underside yellow irrorated with brown, 
a brown discoidal spot with spot above it on costa, rather diffused 
curved postmedial line, and traces of subterminal line. 

Hfib. Mjixico, Presidio (Forrer), 1 (5, Guerrero, Tierra Colorado 
(H. II. Smith), 1 2 type, Godman-Salvin Coll. E.vp., J 22, $ 26 
millim, 

4629. Stiriodes nmbria. 

Metoponia umbria, Druce, Eiol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 491, pi. xeiv. f. 28 
(1898). 

c? . Head and thorax deep rufous ; palpi, pectus, and legs 
ochreous tinged wdth rufous ; abdomen black-brown, the anal tuft 
at extremity and ventral surface ochreous tinged with rufous. 
Fore wing deep rufous; traces of a double waved antemcdial line; 
a dark medial shade, angled outwards at discal fold, then oblique ; 
postmedial line indistinct, excurved, with dark points before it at 
discal and submedian folds ; a dark brown patch on costa towards 
apex, the brown suhteroiinal line arising from it, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle. Hind wing dark red-brown, the cilia yellow 
tinged with brown at base ; the underside yellow irrorated with 
brown, an indistinct curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Mexico, Morelos, Cuernavaca (//. H. Smith), 1 cS ; Guate- 
mala, Volcan de Atitlan {Champion), 1 S type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 22 millim. 



POLENTA. 249 

*Genus POLENTA, ^^ ^ 

Pole7i(a, Morr. Proc. Boat. Soc. N. H. xviii. p. 124 (1875) tejypcH. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3rd 
short; frous with heart-shaped corneous prominence with raised edges, its 
lower edge produced to a point ; eyes large, round ; antennte of male somewhat 
laniinaie and minutely ciliated; thorax clothed chiefly with scales, the 
prothoras without crest, the metathorax with spreading crest, the patagia 
somewhat curled upwards at extremities ; tibiae moderately fringed with hair, 
the fore tibite with small spine on outer side at extremities ; abdomen without 
crests. Fore vving with the apex produced and acute, the termen evenly curved 
and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind 
vving with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of 
discocellulars; G, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

4630. Polenta tepperi. 

ScMnia tepperi, Morr. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1875, p. 68; Smith, Cat. 

Nuct. N. Am. p. 2(;3. 
Plaglomimicus richii, Grote, Can. Ent. xviii. p. 99 (1886). 

Head white, the palpi, frous, and antenuse tinged with olive- 
brown ; thorax white mixed with olive-brown ; fore legs suffused 
with brown ; abdomen white dorsally tinged with brown. Fore 
wing white suffused with olive-brown, the inner margin with slight 
whitish streak ; antemedial line white, straight, oblique with some 
deeper olive-brown suffusion before it on costa ; a slight white 
discoidal line; postmedial line white, oblique from costa to vein 6 
where it is acutely angled, then very oblique to middle of inner 




Fig. 101. — Polenta tepperi, (^ . \. 

margin, a triangular olive-brown patch beyond it on costa bounded 
on outer side by the oblique white subterminal line, slightly excurved 
below veiu 7 ; cilia white, tinged with brown at apex. Hind wing 
whitish suff'used with brown, paler at base ; cilia white. Under- 
side of fore wing suffused with brown leaving the costa whitish; 
hind wing white tinged with brown, traces of a diffused curved 
postmedial line. 

Hab. U S.A., Texas, 1 2 type richii, Colorado, Arizona {Poling), 
3 S , Prescott (Kunze), 1 d" , 2 $ , Huachuca Mts., 1 $ , Baboquavaria 
Mts., 1 c^ , 1 $ . Exjj. 24-30 millim. 

* The Genera Polenta and Plaginmimicus would be better placed following 
Stihadium. 



250 NOCTTTID^. 

Genus PLAGIOMIMICUS. 

Tjpe. 

Plagiomimicus, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 182 (1873). pitycliroma. 

Proboscis fully developed ; prJpi porrect. extending to just beyond frons, the 
2nd joint moderately fringed with hair below, the 3rd short ; frons with lai-ge 
round corneous prominence with raised edges and corneous plate below it; 
eyes large, round; antenna of male laminate and almost simple; thorax 
clothed with rough scales, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax with 
spreading crest, the patagia somewhat curled upwards at extremities ; tibiae 
moderately fringed with hair, the fore tibije very short and broad with hirge 
curved claw on inner side and short claw on outer ; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing with the apex slightly produced, the termen obliquely curved and 
rot crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 
from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of 
discocellulars; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

A. Fore wing with triangular black-brown patch on costa 

before apex. 

a. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform filled in 

with black-brown pitychroma. 

b. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform not filled 

in with black- brown. 
«'. Fore wing with black-brown patch in cell between the 

orbicular and renifor.n which are obsolete triplagiata. 

ii. Fore wing without black-brown patch in cell between 

orbicular and reniform which are defined by white... laverna. 

B. Fore wing without triangular black-brown patch on costa 

before apex. 

a. Fore wing with the postmedial line angled outwards at 

vein 6 to near subterminal line dolU. 

b. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved from below 

costa to vein 4 expalUda. 

4631. Plagiomimicus pitychroma. 

Flagiomimicus pifychromus, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 182 

(1873) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. IS. Am. p. 1'63. 
ScJmiiu media, Morr. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xviii. p. 123 (1875). 

<S . Head and t-horax red-brown mixed with greyish; abdomen 




Fig. 102. — Flagiomimicus pitycliroma, c?. f- 

greyish suffused with brown. Eore wing greyish suffused with 
red-brown ; antemedial line white with tine brown line on outer 
edge, slightly excurved ; orbicular dark brown defined by white, 
very oblique, bar-shaped, its outer edge somoAvhat excised ; reniform 
a dark brown bar defined by white, its upper extremity somewhat 



PLAG10MIMICTT3. 251 

bent outwards and its lower extremity slightly inwards ; post- 
medial line white with fine brown line on inner edge, oblique from 
costa to vein 6, then inwardly oblique and slightly sinuous, a 
triangular dark brown patch beyond it on costal area, a pale shade 
defining the outer side of the patch and postmedial line ; a fine 
brown terminal line ; cilia with a slight pale line at base. Hind 
wing greyish suffused with brown ; a fine dark terminal line and 
pale line at base of cilia ; the underside whitish, the costal and 
terminal areas irrorated with brown, an indistinct diffused curved 
postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., New York, Middle, Southern, and Central States, 
Alabama, 1 J type, Nebraska, Texas, Colorado. Exp. 30 millim. 

4632. Plagiomimicus triplagiata. (Plate CXLTI. fig. 19.) 

Plagiomhnicus triplagiaius, Smith, Eut. Am. vi. p. 139 (1890) ; id. Cat. 
Noct. N. Am. p. 2tj3. 

S . Head and thorax whitish mixed with red- brown ; palpi and 
frons darker ; abdomen white tinged with brown. Fore wing grey- 
white irrorated and suffused with reddish-brown, the area beyond 
the postmedial line whiter; antemedial line indistinct, whitish, 
slightly curved ; an oblique triangular black-brown mark defined 
by white in end of cell between the positions of the obsolete 
orbicular and reniform stigmata, with a slight brown shade above it 
from costa ; postmedial line white slightly defined on each side by 
brown, oblique from costa to vein 6, obliquely excurved to vein 3, 
then oblique, a triangular dark brown patch beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line very faint, whitish with an obli(|ue wedge-shaped 
black-brown patch before it between veins 4 and 1 ; a fine terminal 
dark line ; cilia with a slight whitish line at base. Hind wing 
white faintly tinged with brown especially on terminal area ; a 
slight brown terminal line from apex to vein 2 ; cilia tinged with 
brown at tips from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the costal and 
terminal areas slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, 1 c?, New Mexico, Las Vigas (Oslar), 
1 c? , Arizona, Tucson (Gslar), 1 c? . E^iy. 28 millim. 

4633. Plagiomimicus laverna. 

Thalpochares laverna, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 496, pi. 95. f. 22 
(1898). 

c? • Head and thorax red-brown mixed with some white scales ; 
palpi, pectus, and legs yellow-brown, the tarsi ringed with white ; 
abdomen grey-brown with some rufous at base, the anal tuft whitish. 
Fore wing dark reddish brown tinged with fuscous and irrorated 
with white, the terminal area ochreous brown ; antemedial line 
fine, white, slightly angled outwards below costa and very strongh* 
in submedian fold to near postmedial line ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by fine white lines, long and very oblique, the former some- 
what constricted at middle, the latter with its lower extremity 



252 



NOCTTTID^, 



produced ; postmedial line iSne, white, obliquely incurved from costa 
to vein 6 where it is angled outwards, then very oblique and slightly 
excurved to submedian fold, then more erect, a black patch irrorated 
with white beyond it on coata on inner side of the subterminal line, 
which is represented by some white scales defining the outer edge of 
dark area, slightly incurved below vein 3 ; a fine waved brown 
terminal line ; cilia pale rufous with fine white lines at base and 
middle. Hind wing dark red-brown, the cilia pale red-brown with 
ochreous line at base and white scales at tips ; the underside ochreoua 
yellow thickly irrorated with brown, an indistinct postmedial line 
excurved to vein 5, then oblique. 

Hah. Mexico, Durango {Becker), 1 d type, Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Exp. 26 millim. 

4634. Plagiomimicus doUi. (Plate CXLII. fig. 20.) 

Phigio7nimictis doUii, Smith, Ann. N.Y. Ac. Sci. xviii. p. 118 (1908). 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous yellow mixed with 
olive-brown ; palpi darker at sides. Fore wing dull golden yellow 
suffused in parts with olive-brown especially on medial area, the 
veins streaked with dark brown, the costal and inner areas irro- 
rated with blue-white ; subbasal line absent ; antemedial line 
olive-brown, oblique from costa to submedian fold where it is 
acutely angled outwards, then incurred ; orbicular and reniform 
defined by olivC' brown, the former large, round, the latter indis- 
tinctly defined on outer side and somewhat constricted at middle ; 
medial line arising from vein 4 well beyond the cell, very oblique, 
incurved below submedian fold ; postmedial line olive-brown, 
oblique from costa to vein 6 where it is angled outwards, then very 
obliquely excurved, a triangular olive- brown patch irrorated with 
whitish beyond it on costa : subterminal line slight, arising from 
the apex of the triangular patch, excurved to vein 3, then incurved ; 
a fine olive-broAvn terminal line ; cilia olive-brown at tips. Hind 
wing pale yellow with a golden gloss, slightly irrorated with brown 
and the veins streaked with brown ; an oblique discoidal striga, 
curved postmedial line and fine terminal line ; the underside with 
the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, a curved post- 
medial line, waved towards costa. 

Hab. U.S.A., Arizona, Cochise Co., Palmerley, 1 $ co-type. 
Exp. 34-40 millim. 

4635. Plagiomimicus expallida. (Plate CXLII. fig. 21.) 

riagiomimicus expallidus, Grote, Papilio, ii. p. 185 (1882) ; Smith, Cat. 
JS[oct. N. Am. p. 264. 

Head white, the palpi, frons, and antennae brownish; thorax 
white mixed with olive-brown ; abdomen white tinged with brown. 
Fore wing ochreous white irrorated with olive-brown, with paler 
patches on costal area beyond the antemedial and before the post- 



PLAGIOMIMICCrs. NOCLOA. 253 

medial line and some whitish beyond the post medial line from 
vein 3 to inuer margin ; antemedial line very indistinct, double, 
slightly excurved from costa to median nervure, then oblique ; 
a blackish point in middle of cell and some blackish scales on dis- 
cocellulars ; a diffused olive-brown medial shade ; postmedial line 
indistinct, brownish, oblique from costa to vein 1 , excurved to 
vein 4, then oblique, a dark shade beyond it on costal area ; sub- 
terminal line faint, whitish slightly delined by brown on inner 
side, excurved at middle ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia brown 
mixed with ochreous white and with ochreous line at base. Hind 
wing white, the terminal area tinged with ochreous brown; a ftiint 
brown terminal line from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the 
costal and terminal areas slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. U.S.A., Montana, Colorado, Durango (Oslar), 3^,1 J, 
Denver (Oslar), 2 cJ , 3 $ , Platte Canon. E.i^). 26-34 millim. 



Genus NOCLOA. 

Type. 
Nodoa, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xiv. p. 13 (190fi) plagiata. 

Proboscis aborterl, small ; palpi upturned, very short and slight, the 2nd 
joint moderately fringed with scales, the ."rd short; frous with large round 
corneous prominence with raised edges and truncate process in uiiddle ; eyes 
large, round ; antennae of male almost simple ; thorax clothed chiefly with 
scales, the prothorax without crest, the metuthoi-ax with spreading crest, the 
patagia sliglitly curled upwards at extremities; tibite moderately fringed with 
hair, the fore tarsi very short and tlie ungues rery large ; abdomen with dorsal 
crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly 
curved and slightly crenulate, tlie tornus with slight scale-tooth ; veins 3 and 
5 from near angle of cell ; from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 
8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins .3, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing bright yellow. 

a. Fore wing with small orange spots in cell before middle and 

at upper extremity atiaga. 

b. Fore wing without orange spots in cell. 

a\ Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform defined by 
rufous. 
a^. Fore wing with the postmedial line bent outwards below 

costa to near subterminal line alcandra. 

b"^. Fore wing with the postmedial line excurved from below 

costa to vein 4 cordova. 

b^. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform only defined 

by an irregular grey-brnwu patch before and below them, nanata. 

B. Fore wing rufous with blickish j)atche8 on inner margin before 

middle and on costa beft)re a] lex plagiata. 

0. Fore wing dull ochreous with olive markings rivulosa. 

D. Fore wing whitish. 

a. Fore wing with olive medial band, the orbicular and reniform 

absent nescBa. 

b. Fore wing with the outer half of medial area suffused with 

red-brown, the small orbicular and reniform placed on it 

defined by black and close together arivaca. 



254 NocTcriD^. 

4636. Nocloa aliaga. (Plate CXLTI. fig. 22.) 

Stiria aliaga, Barnes, Cau. Ent. xxxvii. p. 213 (1905). 

Head and thorax pale yellow ; palpi with slight brown streak 
above ; pectus and legs tinged with rufous ; abdomen yellow 
tinged with rufous. Fore wing pale yellow, a small orange ante- 
medial spot in cell and another in upper extremity ; traces of a 
very oblique sinuous postmedial orange line from vein 7 to inner 
margin ; a fine rufous terminal line ; cilia rufous mixed with 
yellow. Hind wing yellowish white with slight brown terminal 
line. Underside of fore wing with the costal half tinged with 
rufous. 

Hah. IJ.S.A., New Mexico, Sapello Caiion (Oslar), 1 c5' , 1 $ , 
Arizona. E.vj). 30 millim. 

4637. Nocloa alcandra. 

Xanthia alcandra, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 515 ; id. Eiol. Centr.-Am., 
Het. ii. p. 485, pi. 94. f. 12. 

S . Head and thorax ochreous yellow mixed with rufous ; pectus 
and legs entirely suffused with rufous ; abdomen ochreous. Fore 
wing golden yellow irrorated with orange-red, the costal area ro 




Fig. 103. — Nocloa alcandra, (^ . {. 

near apex, the cell and medial area to submedian fold suffused 
with purplish rufous, the veins slightly streaked with rufous ; ante- 
medial line brown, excurved below costa, angled inwards in cell 
and on vein 1 and outwards in submedian fold, orange-red towards 
inner margin ; orbicular and reniform very large, irrorated with 
orange-red and defined by red-brown, the former round ; post- 
medial line brown, slightly bent outwards below costa, obliquely 
incurved and slightly sinuous below vein 6 ; a red-brown terminal 
line. Hind wing yellowish white. 

Hab. Mexico, Guerrero, Tierra Colorada (//. H. SmitJi), 1 S 
type, Godman-Salvin Coll. Exj). 30 millim. 

*4638. Nocloa cordova. (Plate CXLII. fig. 23.) 

Xanthia cordova, Barnes, Can. Ent. xxxix. p. G5 (1907). 

Head and thorax yellow mixed with red-brown ; abdomen paler. 
Fore wing yellow tinged in parts with purplish brown ; antemedial 



NOCLOA. 255 

line oblique, waved ; orbicular and reniform yellow defined by 
purplisb-brown suffusion in and beyond end of cell, tbe former 
elongate elliptical, the latter broad ; postmedial line bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely dentate, oblique below vein 4 ; sub- 
terminal line represented by a series of slight brown marks in the 
interspaces ; some slight brown spots on costa towards apex ; a 
fine dark terminal line. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish white 
slightly darker towards termen ; a fine brown terminal line ; the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a dark post- 
medial band. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Chiricahua Mts. Exp. 26 millim. This 
species is unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in 
Coll. W. Barnes. 



4639. Nocloa nanata. (Plate CXLII. fig. 24.) 

Stiria nanata, Neum. Papilio, iv. p. 95 (1884); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 

p. 2G2. 
Mcfoponia macula, Smith, Trans. Am. Eut. Soc. xviii. p. 132 (1891) ; id. 

Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 316. 

2 . Head and thorax fulvous yellow ; abdomen greyish suffused 
with brown, the anal tuft yellow. Fore wing orange-yellow ; an 
antemedial purplish-grey spot in cell connected by a streak on 
median nervure with a curved purplish-grey patch below and 
beyond end of cell, expanding at middle to submedian fold and 
with minutely waved outer edge and a small purplish-grey spot 
above its extremity at veins 6, 7 ; antemedial obliquely placed 
red-brown points in submedian fold and on vein 1 ; a faint brownish 
bar from costa towards apex and a subterminal series of red-brown 
points in the interspaces from vein 7 to inner margin ; cilia with 
series of rufous marks at tips. Hind wing greyish suffused with 
purplish brown leaving the termen narrowly and cilia pale yellow. 
Underside of fore wing fuscous brown with the costa yellowish ; 
hind wing pale yellow, the inner and apical areas tinged with 
brown, a rather diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., New Mexico, 1 $ . Exp. 28 millim. 

4640. Nocloa plagiata. (Plate CXLII. fig. 25.) 
Nocloa plagiata, Smith, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. xiv. p. 13 (1906). 

Head and thorax rufous ; antennae with the basal joint whitish ; 
metathoracic crest tipped with dark brown ; pectus and legs 
yellowish behind ; abdomen pale ochreous tinged with rufous at 
base. Pore wing rufous ; a patch of black suffusion on inner 
margin before the antemedial line, which is red-brown defined by 
yellowish white on inner side, incurved in cell and strongly excurved 
below submedian fold ; claviform represented by a patch of blackish 
suffusion ; orbicular with faint pale annulus on inner and upper 
sides, round ; reniform with faint pale annulus slightly defined by 



256 NOCTUID.E. 

brown, the iirnerside of centre slightly defined by brown ; a diffused 
oblique medial shade from costa to median nervure and faint 
incurved waved line from cell to inner margin ; subterminal line 
whitish, defined on inner side by a deep red-brown wedge-shaped 
patch from costa to above vein 6, with some pale points on costa 
and a small dentate mark below vein 6, escurved below vein 7 and 
at middle ; a fine red-brown line just before termen defined by 
whitish on inner side ; brown striae on teimcn and base of cilia 
above tornus and a fine red-brown terminal line. Hind wing 
whitish tinged with red-brown especially on inner side of the fine 
.white subterminal line, the veins brownish ; cilia with a slight 
red-brown line near base ; the underside yellowish white with the 
costal area tinged with rufous. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Minnehaha, 1 c^ , Prescott (lumze), 1 J . 
Exj). 34 millim. 



*4641. Nocloa rivulosa. 

I^ocloa rivulosa, Smith, J. N.Y. Eat. Soc. xiv. p. 14 (1906'). 

Head and thorax reddish-ochreous : abdomen whitish. Fore 
wing dull ochreous with darker markings tinged with olive; sub- 
basal line traceable ; antemedial line double, very strongly dentate 
to near base; orbicular moderate, indistinctly defined; reniform 
hardly traceable ; medial shade strong and difiused, angled out- 
wards on median nervure ; postmedial line double, fine and distinct, 
bent outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; 
subterminal line pale defined on inner side by a dark shade, 
sinuous, followed by alternating pale and dark lines on terminal 
area. Hind wing dull whitish, the terminal area darker ; a post- 
medial line and pale terminal line ; the underside with dark dis- 
coidal spot and postmedial line. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Sta Barbara, Arizona, Yuma Co., 
Phoenix. Exp. 25-29 millim. This species is unknown to me, 

4642. Nocloa nesaea. (Plate CXLII. fig. 26.) 

Omia nesaa. Smith, Ins. Life, v. p. 332 (1893) ; Dyar, Cut. Lep. N. Am. 
p. 193. 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen white, the vertex of thorax 
tinged with ochreous ; palpi brown above ; fore femora brown 
above, the tarsi brownish ringed with white. Fore wing creamy 
white with difiused olive medial band, oblique to middle of cell, 
then inwardly oblique; teimiual area tinged with olive ; cilia with 
a faint olive line near base. Hind wing white with a faint olive 
tinge on terminal area. Underside of fore wing with the disk 
suffused with pale olive. 

Hah. U.S.A., W. Utah, California, Argus Mts., Arizona, Yuma 
Co., 1 $ . Exp. 30 millim. 



NOCLOA. OSLAKIA. 257 

*4643. Nocloa arivaca. (Plate CXLII. fig. 27.) 

Lythrodes arivaca, Barnes, Can. Ent. xsxix. p. G6 (1907). 

2 . Head and thorax creamy white ; abdomen j^ellowish white 
tinged with brown. Fore wing creamy white with a yellowish 
tinge, the outer half of medial area tinged with red-brown, the 
veins streaked with brown : antemedial line ochreous, downcnrved 
to vein 1 near base ; orbicular and reniform small, defined by 
blackish, the former round, the latter with black centre ; medial 
line dark, expanding into a patch on costa, then incurved; post- 
medial line brown, slightly bent outwards below costa, excurved to 
vein 5, then strongly incurved ; traces of a subterminal line 
excurved below vein 7 ; cilia white intersected with ochreous. 
Hind wing j'ellowish white tinged with brown towards termen ; 
cilia white. 

Hah. U.S.A., S. New Mexico. Exp. 36 raillim. This species is 
unknown to me ; figured from a drawing from type in Coll. W. 
Barnes. 

Genus OSLARIA. 

Type. 

Oslaria, Dyar, J, N.Y. Ent. Soc. xii. p. 41 (1904) viridifera. 

Proboscis aborted, ratber small ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to 
about middle of froiis and moderately fringed with liair in front, the 3rd short; 
frons with large heart-shaped corneous prominence wifli raised edges, its lower 
edge produced to a point and with corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; 
aiiteiinse of male laminate and almost simple ; thorax clothed with rough 
scales and hair mixed, the prothorax without crest, the metathorax with 
spreading crest, the patagia rather curled upwards at extremities ; tibise 
moderately fringed with hair, the fore tarsi typically short and tiie ungues 
very large ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded, the tei-mcn evenly curved and hardly crennlate; veins '6 and 5 from 
near angle of cell ; (i from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form theareule; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
6 obsolescent from just belovv middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Fore tarsi with the joints very short and the ungues large. 

A. Fore wing with slight olive-green streaks on terminal area 

above and below vein 4 viridescens. 

B. Fore wing without olive-green streaks on terminal area 

above and below vein 4 viridifera. 

4644. Oslaria viridescens. (Plate CXLII. fig. 28.) 

Slihadium viridescens, Schaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxx. p. 153 (1904). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous mixed with olive-green. 
Fore wing ochreous suffussd with olive-green, the basal and medial 
areas faintly tinged with purple and the medial area suffused with 
red-browu from median nervure and vein 2 to above vein 1 ; sub- 
basal line absent; antemedial line red-brown expanding into a 
triangular rufous shade at costa and defined by whitish on inner 
side, oblique, sinuous ; orbicular and reniform large with faint pale 
annuli slightly defined by brown, the former ratber oblique elliptical, 

VOL. JX. s 



258 NOCXUIDJE. 

open above and below, the latter open above and expanding belov!^, 
a chocolate-brown patch between their upper parts Avith a rufous 
shade above it on costa ; postmedial line i-ed-brown defined on outer 
side by ochreous white, bent outwards below costa, oblique to vein 4, 
then verj^ obliquelj^ incurved, with a slight olive streak from it 
to termen above vein 4 and slight streak below extremity of vein 4, 
an olive shade beyond it from vein 2 to inner margin and some 
whitish points on costa ; subterminal line oblique, wliitish defined 
on inner side by an olive shade from costa to vein 5, then obsolete; 
a fine olive terminal line ; cilia whitish at base, pale olive at tips. 
Hind wing ochreous white faintly tinged with red-brown; a whitish 
subterminal line excurved at middle ; cilia whitish at base, pale 
olive at tips ; the underside whitish, the costal area tinged with 
ochreous, a faint curved postmedial line from costa to vein 2. 

Hah. Mexico, Oaxaca {ScJiaus), type t c? in U.S. Nat. Mus., 
Durango {Becker), 1 $ , Godman-Saivin Coll. 

4645. Oslaria viridifera. 

ZoiJieca viridifera, Grote, Can. Ent. xiv. p. 217 (1882) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 264. 

Head and thorax pale yellow mixed with olive-green ; abdomen 
pale yellow tinged with rufous. Fore wing yellowish white tinged 
with olive-green, an oblique greenish anteraedial line expanding 
into a small spot on costa ; the medial area olive-green from sub- 
median fold to inner margin ; orbicular and reniform hardly trace- 
able, very faintly defined hy greenish, the former round, the latter 




Fig. 104. — Oslaria viridifera, J. \, 

bar-shaped, an olive-green patch from costa to between their upper 
parts ; postmedial line greenish, oblique from costa to below vein 
5, tlien inwardly oblique and slightly incurved ; subterminal line 
represented by a diffused greenish patch on costa and slight mark 
on inner margin ; a fine greenish ternainal line ; cilia greenish. 
Hind wing pale yellow faintly tinged with rufous ; a slight rufous 
terminal line. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Huachuca Mts., 1 J, Catalina Mts. 
{Oslar), 1 (^ , 1 $ . Exp. 34 millim. 

Sect. II. Fore tarsi normal. 

*4646. Oslaria rhodoxantha. 

Oslaria rhodoxantha, Dognin, Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. Hi. p. 159 (1908). 
(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen yellow, the head and tegulse 



OSLARTA. — srHinA. 259 

sufPased with rnfous, the palpi browner ; pectus and legs tinged 
with rufous. Fore wing yellow ; the basal costal area and the 
inner side of antemedial line suffused with rufous, the terminal 
area purplish pink; antemedial line rufous, angled outwards below 
costa, very oblique to submedian fold where it is acutely angled, 
then very oblique to inner margin near base and emitting a streak 
on its inner side on vein 1 ; stigmata absent ; a faint rufous medial 




F\g. 103. —Oslaria rhodo.vaniha, cJ. }• 

line, oblique from costa to beyond the cell where it is diffused, 
inwardly oblique below vein 4 ; postmedial line double, the inner 
line strong, purplish pink, the outer line indistinct, excurved below 
costa, at middle and above inner margin and slightly angled 
inwards at discal and submedian folds, with traces of a curved 
subterminal line just beyond it ; a fine purplish terminal line. 
Hind Aving yellow, the veins and terminal area tinged with piuk ; 
an indistinct curved ])ostmedial line, more distinct on underside, 

Hab. Paraguat {Pouillon), type t d in Coll. Dogniu. Exjp. 26 
millim. 



Genus SPHIDA. 

Tvpe. 

Sphida, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. iv. p. 170 (1878). . . obliqua. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi porrect, extending to just beyond frons, 
the 2iid joint fringed with lung liair below, the 3rd short ; frons with 
rounded prominence hidden in a tult of hair ; eyes large, round ; antennaj of 
male bipectinate with long branches to apex, of female with shorter branches ; 
thorax clothed with hair only, the prothorax without erest, the metathorax 
with spreading crest cut off squarely behind; tibiae fringed with long hair; 
abdomen with some rough hair at base, but without crests, the anal tuft of 
female very large and flocculent. Fore wing with the apex somewhat pro- 
duced and acute, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 
8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hmd wing with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4647. SpMda obliqua. 

Edema obliqua, Wlk. xxxii. 428 (18(1.5) ; Smith, Cat Noct. N. Am. p. 181. 
Arzama obliqiiata, Grote & Eob. Trans. Am. Ent. Sec. i. p. 339, pi. 6. 
f. 47 (1868). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale grey slightly tinged with red- 
brown, especially on head, the metathoracic crest tipped with 

s2 



260 



noottudtp;. 



red-brown. Pore wing with the basal area and costal area io 
beyond middle i)ale grey iri'orated slightly witli ))ro\vn, the medial 
nrea suffused with red-brown shading lo jiale brown before the 
subtermiiialline,t]ie terminal area pale grey irrorated Avith fuscous ; 
antemedial line slight, very oblique and slightly excurved, from 
costa near mitklle to vein 1 near base; orbiuular and renifi>rm 
reddish ochreous with red-brown cenlri's, the former small lan- 
ceolate, the latter a narrow very oblique bar pointed at extremities 
and with oelircous striga in centre; postinedial line very indislinct, 
brown, bent outwards below eo.sta, then dentate, very oblique below 




Fig. ]m.—Sphida ohUqna, S- \- 

vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
fuscous with slight dark marks at the veins, somewhat angled 
inwards at discal fold and excurved at middle; a black terminal 
line with whitish line before it; cilia pale rufous with slight 
fuscous line near tips. Hind wing greyish suffused with rufous ; 
a fine brown terminal line ; the underside grey, irrorated with 
brown, a brown discoidal spot and traces of postmcdial line. 

llah. Canada, Ontario, Orilla (Bush), 2 (^ , 1 $ typo; U.S.A., 
1 c^ 5 1 $, south to Florida and west to the Mississippi, ]\Iassa- 
chusetts. New York (Doithhdau), 1 5 » Bulfalo, 1 $, New Jersey, 
Ohio, 1 $ , Florida, Colorado. E.rp. 44-()0 millim. 

Larva. Head black, roughened. Body cylindrical, ratlier slender, 
black, roughened ; spiracles on joint 12 large, directed posteriorly. 
Food-plant : Cat-tail {Tijj.)ha latifoJia). — H. G. D. 



Genus BELLQRA. 



Typp 



Bellura, Wlk. xxxii. 46o (1865) (]oHijnoides. 

Arzu7na, Wlk. xxxii. 044 (1865) gortynoides. 

Proboscis aborted, small; palpi obliquely porrei't, extcncliiig to just bpytmrl 
frons, the 2iid joint friiip;t'd with long hair beluw, the 3rd short; frons smoolli, 
with tuft of hair ; eyes largo, round ; antennae of male bi])ootinate with rather 
long branches to apex, or' i'emale with short branches ending in a bristle; 
thorax clothed with hair only, the jjrothorax without cre.st, the metatliorax 
with spreading ci'Cft ; tibiiB fringed wiih long hair ; abdomen with some rough 
hair at base, the anal tuft in female very large and llocculent. Fore wing with 
the apex rounded ; the termen evenly curved and not erenulate ; veins .3 and 
6 fi-om near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 9 IVoin 10 anastomosing with 
8 to form the areola ; 11 from cell; the cell on underside clothed with long 
hair. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 



BELLURA. 261 

just below midille of discocellubirs ; 6, 7 slioftly stalked; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing red-brown in male, j-ellow sufTuscd with rufous 

in female, the postmeilial line excurved from costa to 

vein 4 ; anal tuft of female wliite gorfyvoides. 

B. Fore wing of female ochreous slightly irrorated with red- 

brown, the postmedial line strongly bent outwards below 

cosia, anal tuft blaek melanopyga. 

C. Fore wing ochreous strongly irrrn-ated and in parts suffused 

with dark red-brown, the postmedial line bent outwards 
below costa; anal tiift of female dark brown mixed with 
grey diffusa . 

4648. Bellura gortynoides. 

Belh/.ra gorfpwides, Wlk. sxxii. 4G5 (1865); Smitii, Cut. Noet. N. Am. 

p. ISl. 
Arzama deiisa, Wlk. xsxii. (i45 (18(?5). 
Arzama vidnijlca, Grote, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 294 (1872). 

J . Head and thorax dark red-brown mixed with pale brown ; 
antenna) and abdomen pale red-brown. Forewins^ pale red-brown 
irrorated M'ith dark brown, most thickly on medial and terminal 
areas, the basal and terminal areas tinged with grey ; anteraedial 
line brown, minutelj' waved and oblique from costa to subcostal 
uervnre, then inwardly oblique, excurved below vein 1 ; orbicular 
and reniform red with somo brown scales in centre and slightly 
defined by brown, oblique elliptical with the lower extremities 
somewhat pointed, the former very small, the latter narrow ; a 




Fig. 107. — Bdlura gortynoides, J. \. 

diffused oblique line from lower angle of cell to inner maririn ; 
postmedial line brown, dentate, excurved to vein 4, then 
oblique, some ])ale points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line 
brown, minutely waved, excurved below vein 7 and at middle 
and bent outwards to lornus ; a fine terminal brown line. Hind 
wing pale red-brown with slif^ht dark irroration ; the underside 
with the costal area suffused with dark brown, a blackish discoidal 
spot and diffused curved postmedial line. 

9 . Yellow suffused with rufous ; abdomen with the anal tuft 
white ; fore wing with slight brown suffusion near lower angle of 
cell. 

Eah. Canada ; U.S.A., south to Florida and west to the 
Mississippi, 2 $ type, Georgia, 1 S f^^ype densa, Florida, Mellouville, 
1 5 . Exp. 6 36, 5 40-48 millim. 



262 N0CTUIDJ5. 

4649. Bellura melanopyga. (Plate CXLII. fig. 29.) 

Arzama vielanopyga, Grote, Papilio, i. p. 148 (1881); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 181. 

5 . Head, bhorax, and abdomen ochreous white, tinged with red- 
brown ; anal tuft black-brown. Foie wing pale ochreous slightly 
irrorated with red- brown ; subbasal line brown, waved, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial line brown, oblique from costa to 
subcostal nervui'e and angled inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular large, 
round, defined by diffused red-brown confluent with the antemedial 
line and reniform which is very obscurely defined ; a difl'used 
oblique waved red-brown line from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postmedial line red-brown, strongly bent outwards below 
costa, then oblique, dentate ; subterminal line brown, rather 
diffused, dentate, bent outwards to tornus. Hind wing whitish 
sufi"used with purplish red ; traces of a waved postmedial line, 
rather more distinct on underside. 

Hah. U.S.A.., Florida, Lake Beresford (ComstocJc), 1 $ type. 
Exp. 42 millim. 

Larva. Comstock, Papilio, i. p. 147. 

Dorsal surface dark olive-grey, ventral surface pale olive-grey ; 
head pale reddish brown ; anal somite reduced dorsally with the 
spiracles of the penultimate placed on its dorsal part at posterior 
end and much larger than the other spiracles. Food-plant : Water 
Lily, boring from upper side of leaf into the stem, exposing the 
anal extremity at intervals, sometimes passing from one leaf to 
another. 1. 

4650. Bellura diffusa. (Plate CXLII. fig. 30.) 

Arzama diffusa, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. iv. p. 179 
(1878); Smith, Cat. N. Am. p. 181. 

J . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous greyish mixed with red- 
brown ; palpi darker red-brown ; tarsi dark red-brown with pale 
rings ; abdomen with small dorsal dark spots on basal segments. 
Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous and irrorated with red- 
brown, the medial area suffused with red-brown not extending 
to postmedial line except at costa and leaving a pale diffused oblique 
medial line from submedian fold to inner margin ; a black point at 
base of median nervure ; subbasal line brown, angled outwards in 
cell and ending at submedian fold; antemedial line brown, dentate 
and oblique from costa to median nervure, then inwardly oblique ; 
orbicular and reniform ochreous, the former small, round, the 
latter a narrow oblique bar suffused with rufous at middle ; post- 
medial line brown, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, 
oblique below vein 4, some whitish points beyond it on costa ; 
subterminal line represented by a series of small rather diffused 
dentate dark marks on its outer edge, somewhat angled inwards at 
discal and submedian folds, excurved at middle and bent outwards 



BELLUEA. PHALEKODES. 2G3 

to tornug; a terminal series of narrow blackish lunulas; cilia 
chequered pale rufous and blackish. Hind wing greyish, suffused 
"with red-brown, the terminal area irrorated with brown ; a terminal 
series of brown strife ; cilia white at tips ; the underside whitish 
tinged with rufous and in'orated with brown, a red-brown discoidal 
spot and diffused oblique postmedial line. 

5 . Abdomen with the anal tuft dark brown mixed with grey. 

Hab. Canada, Quebec, Hamilton {Moffat), 1 cJ , 1 $ type ; U.S.A., 
Maine. Exp. d" 48, § 52 millim. 



Genus PHALERODES, nov. 

Type, P. cauta. 

Proboscis aborted, not functional ; palpi upturned, tbe 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of f'rons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short; frons smooth ; 
eyes large, round ; antenna of male ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and 
scales mixed, the prothorax with divided crest, the metathorax with slight 
crest; tibite smoothly scaled; abdomen with large dorsal crest at base only. 
Fore wing with the apex rounded ; the termen evenly curved and not crenulate; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anasto- 
mosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with tbe cell near base only. 

4651. Phalerodes cauta. 

Charidea cauta, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 293 (1902). 

(S . Head fuscous brown and ochreous ; thorax ochreous, the 
tegulae with rufous mixed, the pro- and metathoracic crests with 
black mixed; fore legs brown, the tarsi with slight pale rings; 
abdomen ochreous, the basal crest blackish. Fore wing ochreous, 
the costa rufous with some grey suffusion below it from before 
middle to apex, a wedge-shaped chocolate-red patch from lower angle 
of cell to termen below apex with white streaks below it above and 




Fig. 108. — Phalerodes cauta, J . 



below vein 4 from beyond angle of cell to termen, the terminal area 
below it bluish white shading to fuscous at termen, the veins and 
interspaces of terminal area with slight dark streaks, the inner 
margin tinged with brown except at base ; the lines absent ; 
orbicular defined by a few black scales, very small and rather 
elongate; reniform with narrow centre defined by a few black 
scales and small white annulus round lower part ; cilia black 
intersected by slight white streaks and with prominent white 



264 N OCTUlDiE , 

streak at vein 4, Hind wing- yellowish wliite, the apex faintly 
tinged with brown ; the underside with the costal area tinged with 
rufous. 

5 . Hind wing wholly tinged with rufous. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury (il/ars^a?Z, Dohhie),^ (S ,1 $ type: 
Transvaal, White R. {Cooke), 1 $ , Piet Retief (Craivskay), 1 d ; 
Natal, Malvern (Marshall), 2 c? , Durban (BoivTcer), 2 c? ; Cape 
Colony, Annshaw {Miss F. Barrett), 1 5 . Exp. 28-32 millim. 



Genus RAMESODES, nov. 

Type, B. divisa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about 
to middle of frons and moderately scaled, the 3rd short ; frons smooth ; eyes 
large, I'ound; thorax smoothly clothed Avitb hair and scales, the prothorax 
with slight spreading crest; tibiaj smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. 
.Fore wing broad, the apex rounded, the termen obliquely curved and slightly 
crenulate; reins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; (i from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 fi-ora cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

Sect. I. Antennse of male bipectinate with rather long branches, the apox 
serrate, of female with short branches. 

4652. Eamesodes divisa. 

Charidea divisa, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 292 (1902). 

S . Head and thorax black-brown ; antennse and base of tegul'B 
reddish brown ; abdomen ochreous white at base, fuscous brown at 
extremity. Fore wing black-brown slightly irrorated with white 
scales, a broad ochreous fascia tinged with rufous above below 
costa from base through the cell to termen above vein o, defined 
below by a slight black streak above median nervure and vein 4 
with fine white streak above it, the veins on the ochreous area 




Fig. 109. — Eamesodes divisa, J . {. 

brownish, a fine whitish streak below vein 6, the inner margin and 
the submedian interspace on terminal half rufous; the lines absent ; 
the lower part of reniform defined by white interrupting the black 
fascia; the interspaces of terminal area with fine black streaks, 
longer towards costa. Hind wing whitish slightly tinged with 
brown, the terminal area suflfused with brown from apex to vein 2 ; 



EAJIESODKS. 2(55 

cilia whitish and fuscous, mostly white towards tornus ; the under- 
side yellowish white, the costal area suffused and irrorated with 
rufous. 

2 • Hind wing suffused with fuscous except at base. 

Ilab. Ti^ANsvAAL, White H. (Cooke), 1 $ ; Natal, IMaritzbu rg 
{Buniup), 1 (S , Victoria Distr. {Gooch), 2 $ type; Pondolanu, 
Ntrgeleiii (Swinm/), ] cJ ; Cape Colony, Transkei (Jim/'. Barrett), 
2 $ . Exp. 34-3() millim. 

Sect. II. Antennte of male ciliated. 

4653. Ramesodes micropis, n. sp. 

d". Head and thorax fuscous mixed with greyish; patagia 
ochreous irrorated with brown ; pectus whitish; legs fuscous, the 
tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen ochreous white tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing ochreous tinged Avith rufous, the veins slightly 
streaked with brown, the terminal area fuscous suffused with blue- 
grey, emitting a fascia below median nervure to near base ; a black 
streak in basal half of submedian fold slight defined below by 
rufous towards extremity ; a chocolate-red fascia in lower part of 
cell between orbicular and reniform and from the latter half way 
to termen ; a white streak on vein 5 defined on each side by tine 




li'amesodes micropis, cJ . 



black streaks with an ochreous streak above it and below it towards 
termen ; the lines absent ; orbicular very minute, whitish defined 
by brown and with brown centre ; reniform a very small whitish 
lunule, its centre slightly defined by brown and its upper part 
ill-defined ; the interspaces of terminal area with slight black 
streaks, the submedian interspace with two black streaks with slight 
ochreous streak between them ; cilia blackish slightly intersected 
with white and with distinct white streak at vein 5. Hind wing 
white, the costal and terminal areas slightly suffused with brown ; 
cilia white, brownish at base, wholly brown at apex; the underside 
with the costal area suffused with ochreous, the terminal area 
slightly irrorated with fuscous from apex to vein 2. 

Hab. Mashonaland, Salisbury {MarsJiall), 1 S type. Exp. 
30 millim. 



266 



isrocTriD.i5. 



Genus LOPHOCALAMA, nov. 

Type, L. neurith. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, reacbing to about 
vertex of bead and fringed witb rather long bair above; frons smooth ; eyes 
large, round; antenute of male somewhat laminate and minutely ciliated; 
thorax clothed vi^itb rough hair and hair-like scales, the prothorax with sharp 
triangular crest, the nietathorax with double ridge-like crest; tibite moderately 
fringed with hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base but without crests. 
Fore wing with the apex produced and acute, the terinen evenly curved and 
not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areola ; 11 from cell. Hind wmg 
■with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolesi^ent from middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4654. Lophocalama neuritis, n. sp. 

c5' . Head and thorax ochreous irrorated with black ; abdomen 
ochrcous white slightly irrorated with black. Fore wing ochreous 
thickly irrorated with black, the veins with pale streaks ; diffused 
fuscous streaks along subcostal and median nervures and tine 
streaks detining the veins beyond the cell, leaving a pale fascia 
in discal fold from before end of cell to termen ; a terminal series 




Fig. 111. — Lophocalama neuritis, (^ . j. 

of black points ; cilia fuscous mixed with ochreous. Hind wing 
ochreous white suffused and irrorated with fuscous especially on 
terminal half; a terminal series of black points between veins 7 
and 2 ; cilia ochreous white. Uuderside of fore wing suffused with 
fuscous except marginal areas ; hind wing ochreous white, the 
terminal half slightly irrorated with black. 

J/ah. N. S. Wales, Sydney (il/a/Aeu'), 1 J type. Exj). 40 millim. 



Genus PHRAGMATIPHILA, nov. 



Type. 



Nonagria, Hlibn. Verz. p. 241 (1827), nee Treit, 1825 typhce. 

Type, P. nea-a. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, hardly extending beyond the frons 
and fringed with long hair below; frons with transverse corneous plate at 
middle, square in front and concealed by hair; eyes large, round ; thorax 
clothed with hair only, the pro- and nietathorax with slight sjireading crests; 
tibiaj fringed with long hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base and 
dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing witb the apex rounded, the termen 
obliquely curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 
9 from 10 auastoniosing with 8 to form a rather long areoie, 6 from the areole 
or cell; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 
f) obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars; 6, 7 on u long stalk ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



PHRAfiJlATirniLA. 267 

Sect. I. Antennje of male bipectinate with rather long brunches to apex. 

4655. Phragmatiphila truncata. 

Leiicania trwicata, Wlk. ix. Ill (1856). 

Leucania leonina, Wlk. xxxii. 627 (1865). 

Nonagria exitiosa, Oliff. Agric. Gaz. N.S.W. iv. p. 380, pi. 22. f. E (1893). 

Head and thorax greyish ochreous mixed Avith fuscous brown ; 
antennae pale ochreous ; abdomen ochreous white. Fore wins; 
ochreous suffused and irrorated with reddish brown ; traces of 
antemedial dark points on the veins; an indistinct double oblique 
postmedial series of slight dark points from vein 6 to inner margin; 



0# 



Fig. 112. — Vhracj niaivpMla truncata, J. 



a terminal series of black points. Hind wing ochreous white 
slightly tinged with brown ; the underside pale ochreous, the costal 
area slightly tinged with rufous. 

Ab. 1. Head, thorax, and fore wing entirely suffused with fuscous. 
5 . Fore wing more ochreous without reddish tinge. 

Ab. 2 (leonina). Fore wing with the median nervure and vein 4 
streaked with fuscous. 

Hah. N. 8. Wales (Ramor), 2 c? , 1 $ ; S. Attstralia, Adelaide, 
3 5 type; Tasmania, 1 5 type leonina. Exp. 28-30 millim. 

Larva. Pinkish, purplish above ; lateral line very indistinct ; 
ventral surface yellowish white ; head red-brown ; thoracic plate 
yellow-brown : each somite with four dorsal and two lateral warts 
and similar subventral warts. Food-plant : Reeds, in the stems. 

Sect. II. Antenna of male minutely serrate and fasciculate. 

A. Fore wing red-brown, the reniforra white, its upper extremity 

bent outwards nnd lower extremity angled inwards nexa. 

B. Fore wing greyish suffused with brown, an indistinct whitish 

discoidal bar serrata. 

C. Fore wing fuscous black, the reniform with white annulus fumea. 

4656. Phragmatiphila nexa. 

Noctua nexa, Hiibn. Eur. Sehmett., Noct. f. 395 (1808) ; Frr. TVeue 
Schmett. ii. pi. 136. fP. 3, 4 ; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. S 'hmett., Noct. ff. 342, 
343 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 187. 

Head and thorax red-brown with a grej'ish tinge ; palpi and 
sides of frons dark brown; tarsi dark brown with slight pale rings; 
abdomen pale red-brown, the basal crest blackish. Fore wing pale 
red-brown suffused with rufous, the terminal area rather greyer. 



268 



KocrniD.?:. 



tlie veins with slight dark streaks ; subbasal line represented by 
faiut dark points at costa and median nervure, the autemedial line 
by slight dark marks on costa, in cell and on vein 1 ; orbicular 
represented by a minute wliite streak defined by dark brown ; 
renit'orm white slightly defined by brown and with red-brown 
lunule in centre, narrow, produced at upper extremity and angled 
inwards on median nervure to below orbicular ; postmedial line 
very indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then minutely dentate, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique, with minute dark streaks beyond 
it on the veins ; a dark terminal line ; cilia pale rufous at base, 
whitish at tips. Hind wing greyish ochreous suffused with brown, 
the veins slightly streaked with brown ; a fine brown terminal 




Fig, 113. — PhrugmaUvhila ne.xa, ^J. \. 

line ; cilia pale rufous, whitish at tips ; the underside whitish 
suffused and irrorated with brown, a minute discoidal lunulo and 
diffused oblique postmedial line. 

Hub. France; Germany, Zellcr, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; ?SvYEDEisr, 
Exp. 28-34 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 102 ; Hffm. Eaup. p. 103. 

]^ull white w'ith dorsal and subdorsal reddish stripes ; lateral 
line black ; thoracic and anal plates yellowish. Food-plant: Carex, 
in the stems, 6, 



4657, Phragmatiphila serrata, n. sp. (Plate CXLII, fig, 31.) 

S . Head and thorax fuscous brown mixed with some ochreous ; 
palpi blackish ; tarsi blackish with slight pale rings ; abdomen 
greyish ochreous suffused with brown. Fore wing greyish ochreous 
suffused and irrorated with dark brown, the end of cell, area just 
beyond it and terminal area except at apex suffused with fuscous ; 
traces of an oblique minutely waved dark autemedial line ; an 
indistinct whitish discoidal bar; postmedial line indistinct, blackish, 
bent outwards below costa, then strongly dentate, oblique below 
vein 4, an ill-defined oblique pale band beyond it from apex to 
inner margin ; subterminal line represented by an oblique series of 
email whitish marks with black scales before and beyond them 
between veins 7 and 2 ; a terminal series of black points ; cilia 
with a slight reddish line at base. Hind wing ochreous suffused 
with brown ; the underside greyer with terminal series of black 
points from apex to vein 2, 

Hah. Uganda, Iluwenzori, 5300' (Scott-Elliot), 1 c? type. Exj). 
34 millim. 



pheagmatiphiljl. 269 

4658. Phragmatiphila fumea. (Plate CXLII. fig. 32.) 
Folia fumea, Hmpsu. J. Bomb. Soc. xiv. p. 202 (1902). 

(5 . Head and thorax fuscous black, some of the hairs tipped 
with white ; anteniiEfi brow]}ish white : tarsi slightly ringed with 
white ; abdomen grej-isli fuscous. Fore wing fuscous black with a 
greyish gloss, the veins ii'rorated with white scales ; a slight black 
streak below base of cell ; orbicular and reniform small with 
fuscous centres irrorated with white and white aiinuli incompletely 
defined by black, the former round, the latter slightly angled 
inwards on median nervure, a black streak between them in discal 
fold and beyond the reniform to postmedial line, which is very 
indistinct, bent outwards below costa, then dentate, ohlique below 
vein 4 ; short siibterminal black streaks below veins 5 and 4 ; a 
terminal series of small black lunules with white points on the 
vt^ins between them ; cilia with a slight whitish line through them. 
Hind wing ochreous white tinged with purplish fuscous ; a fine 
dark terminal line ; cilia ochreous at base, white at tips ; the 
underside with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, a 
brown discoidal s])ot. 

Hah. SiKHiM, 1800' {Dudgeon)^ 1 S type. Exji. 30 millim. 

Sect. III. Anteunse of male ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with the reniform present. 

a. Fore wing with the reniform not angled inwards on 

median nervnre. 
a}. Fore wing with the small reniform with dai'k centre 

and pale annulus open above and below leucancura. 

b^. Fore wing with the reniform a pale lunide grisescens. 

b. Fore wing with the reniform angled inwards on median 

nervure 

(/.'. Fore wing with the orbicular a small black spot willi 
oclireuus annulus, llje reniform moderately angled 
inwards on median nervure interrogans. 

b\ Fore wing with the orbicular represented by two black 
points above, tlie reniform angled inwards on median 
nervure to befoi-e origin of vein 2 t>/ph(B. 

B. Fore wing with the reniform absent. 

a. Fore wiug ochreous tinged with rufous turpis. 

b. Fore wing with tlie costal half greyish ochreous, the inner 

half suffused and irrorated with dark brcwn bipartita. 

4659. Phragmatiphila leiicaneura, n. sp. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 1.) 

S . Head and thorax dark brown, the scales tipped with grey ; 
pectus and legs dark brown mixed with greyish, the tarsi blackish 
ringed with white; ahdomen greyish suffused and irrorated with 
dark brown. Fore wing greyish ochreous st,rongly suffused and 
irrorated with dark brown, the veins of costal area with slight pale 
streaks ; traces of a curved blackish antemedial line ; orhicular and 
reniform very small, ochreous defined by black except above and 
with some black before and between them, the former rather tri- 
angular, the latter with black striga in centre : traces of an oblique 



270 NOCTUID^. 

blackish medial line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; 
an oblique postniedial series of slight black points on the veins 
from vein 6 to inner margin ; an obliqne ochreous shade from apex ; 
an obliqne ochreous line fiom termen just below apex to inner 
margin, fine towards apex and broadening towards inner margin, 
defined on each side W dark brown suffusion ; a terminal series 
of black points ; cilia ochreous tij^ped with brown. Hind wdng 
ochreous suffused with brown, the base and tormen paler; the 
underside ochreous irroratcd with brown, the terminal half suffused 
with brown, a dark discoidal spot. 

Hah. BuKJiA, Hsipaw {de JSiceville), 1 c? type. Exp. 26 millim. 

46G0. Phragmatiphila grisescens, n. sp (Plate CXLIII. fig. 2.) 

5 . Head and thorax grey tinged wdth dull brown ; pectus, legs, 
and abdomen grey suffused with fuscous. Fore wing grey tinged 
with brown and irroratcd with fuscous, the cell and area just 
below it suffused with fuscous, the terminal area suffused with 
fuscous, narrowing to a point at apex ; traces of a blackish ante- 
medial line bent inwards to costa and excurved in cell and submedian 
interspace; reniform a small ochreous lunule defined by black; 
traces of an oblicjue waved blackish medial line from cell to inner 
margin ; traces of a blackish ])ostmedial line, oblique towards costa, 
then with series of black points beyond it on the veins, excurved to 
vein 4, then oblique ; a terminal series of minute black lunules 
defined on inner side by slight ochreous lunules. Hind wing 
grevish suffused with fuscous brown ; the underside brownish 
white irroratcd with brown, a small dark discoidal spot. 

IJab. ^iKHJM, 18U0' {Dudijeon), 1 § type. Exp. 3-1- millim. 

4661. Phragmatiphila interrogans. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 3.) 

Leucania inlcrroyans, Wlk. ix. 114 (ISi>6). 

Head and thorax ochreous whitish mixed with reddish brown ; 
abdomen ochreous whitish. Fore wing pale ochreous tinged with 
rufous and irroratcd with dark broMMi ; a diffused brown shade 
from base along subcostal nervure to apex and another along median 
nervurc and vein 5 to termen ; orbicular represented by a small 
black spot with slight ochreous annulus ; reniform an ill-defined 
oblique ochreous bar slightly angled inwards on median nervure 
and with slight dark line on it near inner edge ; faint traces of a 
postmedial line bent outwards below costa, then minutely waved 
and w'ith slight dark streaks beyond it on the veins, incurved 
below vein 4 ; traces of a pale subterminal line excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle; a" terminal series of black points. Hind 
wing pale ochreous suffused with brown ; the underside pale 
ochreous slightly irroratcd with brown, the costal area tinged with 
rufous, a dark discoidal lunule and traces of a sinuous postmedial 
line. 

Hah. ignotus, 1 c? , 1 $ type. Exp. 36 millim. 



PHRAGMATIPHILA. 



4GG2. Phragmatiphila typhae. 



271 



Nociua ty-phm, Thnbg. Ins. Suec. i. p. 3 (1784) ; Esp. Selimett. iv. pi. 140. 

ff. 3, 5 (1789); Hlibii. Eur. Scbmett, Noet. f. 41.') ; Fit. Neue Sclimett. 

pi. %%\ Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. pt i. p. 94, pi. 106. f. 8; Steph. 111. Brit. 

Ent., Haust. iii. p. 71 ; Hen-.-SchiifF. Eur. Scbmett., Noct. ff. 349-351 ; 

Stand. Cat. Lep. pjil. p. 187. 
Koctua arundinis, Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. p. 141 (1787). 
J^octua tiervofia, Esp. Scbmett. iv. pi. 148. f. 1 (1790). 
Eoctua fraterna, Treit. Eur. Sclimett. x. (2) p. 99 (183.5). 

Head and thorax bright rufous ; abdomen ochreous greyish 
tinged with rufous at base and slightly irrorated with brown. 
Fore wing bright rufous tinged with ochreous greyish in parts, 
the veins with pale streaks irrorated with fuscous on basal half; 
subbasal black points on subcostal and median nervures ; autemedial 
line represented by double black points on the veins ; orbicidar 
represented by two black points above, the renilbrm by a faint 
narrow ochreous lunule angled inwards on median nervure to 
before origin of vein 2 and defined on outer side at lower angle of 
cell and below by blackish ; a postmedial series of black points 




114. — Fhragmafiphila typhcp, (^ 



cxcurved from cosla to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal line 
represented by a series of slight ochreous marks defined on inner 
side by wedge-shaped black marks ; a terminal series of minute 
black lunules ; cilia with dark lines near base and at tips. 
Hind wing yellowish white, the interspaces of terminal area 
suffused with fuscous brown ; a terminal series of black striae ; 
the underside pale yellow, the costal and terminal areas irrorated 
with fuscous, a black discoidal spot. 

Ab. 1. fraterna. Head, thorax, and fore wing dark reddish 
brown, the last with the markings indistinct. 

Hub. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Ekakce, Sand Coll. ; Germany, 
Zeller, Vvey, & Leech Colls.; Austria: Hungary; Switzerland; 
Spain, Catalonia; N. Italy; Sweden; Russia; ? Palestine ; 
W. Turkestan, Issyk-kul ; E. Turkestan, Hi. Exp. 44-58 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. Ill ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 85, pi. 195. f. 1. 

Pale ochreous or pinkish ochreous ; spiracular line paler ; head 
and thoracic plate reddish brown. Food-plant : Typha, in the 
stems. 7-8. Pupa usually with head downwards. 



272 xocTuiD.T,. 

4663. Phragmatiphila turpis. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 4.) 
JS'onagria inrpis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv. p. 3r.9 (1879). 

Head and thorax pale rufous ; abdomen wliitish tinged with 
brown. Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous, a slight brown 
shade below median nervure and between vein 4 and submedian 
fold to near termen, the interspaces of costal area tinged with 
brown on apical half, the terminal area tinged with brown ; a 
slight dai'k mark in end of cell ; a postmedial series of dark points 
on the veins, excurved to vein 4, then oltlique ; a terminal series 
of slight dark points. Hind wing ochreous whitish tinged with 
brown; the underside whitish tinged with rufous. 

Ab. 1. Thorax suffused with d,irk brown ; fore wing with the 
brown shade below the cell more distinct; an indistinct dark ante- 
medial Hue angled outwards in the interspaces and inwards on the 
veins : the dark mark in end of cell prominent ; ])0stmedial line 
indistinct, dentate, and produced to dark points on the veins ; 
a subterminal series of indistinct wedge-shaped dark marks, excurved 
below vein 7 ; a terminal series of small black spots ; hind wing 
browner. 

Hah. Japan, Yokohama {Fryer), 7 d" , 3 5, Nagasaki {Leech), 

I $ . Exp. 30-32 millim. 

4664. Phragmatiphila hipartita, n. sp. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 5.) 

5 . Head and front of thorax very dark red-brown with a 
grej'ish ochreous ring at base of tegulas ; hind part of thorax 
greyish ochreous ; pectus and legs greyish ochreous mixed with 
dark brown ; abdomen greyish ochreous. Fore wing with the 
costal half greyish ochreous with some dark brown irroration on 
costa ; a dark brown fascia from just above median nervure and 
vein 4 from base to near termen, the inner area greyish ochreous 
irrorated with dark brown ; a small subterminal black spot on 
vein 5 and short streak on vein 4; cilia greyish ochreous with a 
brown line through them. Hind wing grey-white tinged with 
brown ; the underside with the costal and terminal areas irrorated 
with brown. 

Uah. Transvaal, White U. (6'ooA-e), 1 5 fype. £".(2'. 30 millim. 

Genus OMPHALAGRIA, no v. 

Type, 0. hemiochra. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, extending to just beyond the irons 
and moderately clothed with scales ; frons with large rounded prominence 
with truncate corneous process at middle with raised edges ; eyes large, round ; 
antenniB of female almost simple ; thorax clothed chiefly wiih scales, the pro- 
and metalhorax with spreading crests; tibiic inoderat' ly fringed with hair; 
abdomen without crests. Fore wing rather narrow, ihe apex rounded, the 
termen obliquely curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
ceil ; () from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the ai-eole ; 

II from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent 
from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 Irom up23er angle ; 8 anastomosing with 
the cell near base only. 



OMPHALAGRIA'.— CALAMIsriS, 273 

*4665. Omphalagria hemioclira. 

Omphalagria hemioclira, de Joan. ined. 

$ . Head and thorax black mixed with some greyish ochreoua 
especially on thorax behind ; abdomen white tinged with ochreous. 
Fore wing with the costal half ochreous white tinged with red- 
brown especially at base, the apex suffused with fuscous, the inner 
half and terminal area to below apex black ; a fine black streak 
defined above and below by white on terminal half of median 
iiervure expanding into a spot before the rounded white spot at 




Pig. 115. — Otnphalagria hemioehra, J. \. 

lower angle of cell defined by black except above ; an oblique white 
fascia from below apex to discal fold and thence to the discoidal 
spot ; traces of a whitish subterminal line on the black area ; 
a terminal series of black points. Hind wing white, the termeu 
slightly tinged with fuscous from apex to vein 2 ; the underside 
with the costal area suffused with fuscous, 

Hab. Fr. Guinea, Oudoula Siguiri, type t $ in Coll. Joannis. 
Exp, 2S millim. 



Geuus CALAMISTIS, nov. 

Type, C.fusea. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi upturned, the 2ad joint reaching to middle 
of frons and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd short; frons smooth ; 
eyes large, round ; thoi-ax clothed with long hair and hair-like scales, the pro- 
and metathorax with spreading crests ; tibia? fringed with long hair ; abdomen 
with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen 
evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 
6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
1 1 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent 
from below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennte of male bipectinate, with moderate branches to ajjex. 

A. Fore wing with the costal area concolorous, an oblique 

pale subterminal line fusca. 

B. Fore wing with the costal half pale, no oblique pale sub- 

terminal line. 

a. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform well defined 

and with black fascia between them . . . , pallidicosta. 

b. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform reduced to 

points and without black fascia between Ihem preepaMetis. 

VOL. IX. I 





274 nocxuip.t:. 

4G66. Calamistis fusca. 

Sesamia fti.-ica, Hiiipsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 21)6 (1902). 

Head and thorax red- brown mixed with dark brown ; tarsi dark 
brown with pale rings ; abdomen ochreous tinged with red-brown. 
Fore wing red-brown suffused with dark brown ; traces of a curved 
dark antemedial line ; orbicular and reniform small, ochreous with 
ver}' slight whitish annuli defined by black, the former rather 
obli(jue and produced at lower extremity : an indistinct blackish 
postmedial line, oblique towards costa, then dentate and oblique 
below vein 4, some pale points beyond it on costa : subterminal 
line represented by an oblique series of ochreous marks in the 



^■^- 



Fig. IK). — Calami stiff fusca, (^ . \. 

interspaces between veins 7 and 2, defined on inner side by wedge- 
shaped black marks, and with slight black marks beyond them to 
the small terminal lunulcs. Hind -wing ochreous whitish tinged 
Avith brown ; traces of a discoidal point and diffused subterminal 
line; the underside ochreous irrorated with brown, a faint discoidal 
lunule and diffused postmedial line. 

Hah. N. Rhodesia, Katanga Distr. {Neave), 1 J ; Tk.\xsvaai. 
(Pead), Id, 1 2, Pretoria {Swierstra), 1 2, White R. {Cool-e), 
1 c? ; Natal, Estcourt {Hutchinsoti), 1 S, Durban (Lines), 2 $; 
Easutoland, Maseru {Graivshay), 3 $ ; C. Colonv, Annshaw (Miss 
F. Barrett), 4^,2$ type. Exp. 34-42 millim. 

4667. Calamistis pallidicosta. (Plate CXLIIT. fig. 6.) 

Baniana jyallidicosta, Huipsn. Ann. S. AlV. Mi;s. ii. p. 4C3 (1902). 

5 . Head and thorax fuscous brown mixed with some ochreous 
especially on tegulae ; tarsi with pale rings ; abdomen ochreous 
mixed Avith brown. Fore wing fuscous brown slightly irrorated 
with reddish ochreous, the costal area ochreous irrorated with 
rufous and fuscous, narrowing to a point just before ajjex, the 
costal edge darker ; a slight black streak below base of cell ; 
gubbasal line represented by faint double dark striae from costa, 
the antemedial line by faint double dark striie from costa and traces 
of a line from cell to inner margin ; claviform a very indistinct 
short blackish streak ; orbicular and renit'orm. ochreous irrorated 
with brown and incompletely defined by black, a black fascia 



CALAMISTIS. 275 

between them, the former small, round, the latter Avith its ex- 
tremities rather produced and with slight blackish streaks above 
and below vein 5 from it to the very indistinct postmedial line, 
which is strongly bent outwards below costa, then dentate and 
produced to pale points oa the veins, oblique below vein 4 ; sub- 
terminal line represented by a series of faint pale marks in the 
interspaces with slight blackish streaks before and beyond them ; 
a fine whitish line at base of cilia. Hind wing uniformly suffused 
with brown ; cilia whitish with a brown line through them ; the 
underside yellowish white irrorated with brown, traces of a curved 
postmedial line. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury (Marshall), 1 $ type. Ex2). 
38 millim. 



GG8. Calamistis praepallens, n. sp. (Plate CXLTII. fig. 7.) 

(S . Head and thorax fuscous brown tinged with grey; hind 
legs whitish ; abdomen white slightly tinged with brown. Fore 
wing grey-brown, the costal half paler; a diffused pale rufous 
fascia in discal fold from middle of cell to subterminal line ; 
a black streak below basal half of cell ; orbicular represented 
by a black point above median nervure, the reniform by a small 
fuscous spot at lower angle of cell slightly defined by white, its 
upper part defined by slight black points ; a rather wedge-shaped 
black subterminal spot in discal fold with traces of black points on 
the veins from it to inner margin ; a terminal series of slight black 
strife. Hind wing white with fine dark terminal line ; the under- 
side with the costal area and terminal area to vein 3 tinged with 
pale rufous. 

JIab. Travancore, Pirmad (Mrs. Imrai/), 3 (S type. Ex^J- 
30 millim. 



Sect. II. Antennae of male ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with pale subterminal line. 

a. Fore wing with the subterminal line excurved at middle 

and bent outtvards to torniis. 
«'. Fore wing with the subterminal line defined on 

inner side by dentate black marks melanodonta. 

i'. Fore wing with the subterminal line not defined ou 

inrer side by dentate black marks nubifera. 

b. Fore wing with the subterminal line oblique, straight, 
a'. Fore wing with pale streaks on the veins of terminal 

half ; obliquifuxia. 

b^. Fore wing without pale streaks on the veins. 

a^. Fore wing with the inner half pale to subterminal 

line iiiicrustictu. 

b-. Fore wing with the basal half of inner area 

concolorous suhmarginalis. 

B. Fore wing without pale subterminal line. 

a. Fore wing with slight black streaks in cell towards 

extremity and in discal told beyond the cell sf.ygiata. 

b. Fore wing without black streaks in and beyond cell ... unicolora. 

X _; 



276 NOCTTJID^. 

4669. Calamistis melanodonta, n. sp. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 8.) 

J . Head and thorax dark brown mixed with greyish and 
slightly tinged with red-brown ; palpi black at sides ; tarsi fuscous 
with slight pale rings ; abdomen grey-white dorsally suffused with 
fuscous. Fore wing grey-white tinged with rufous and irrorated 
with fuscous, an oblicjue fuscous shade from medial part of costa to 
subterminal line below vein 3 ; subbasal line blackish, waved, from 
costa to submedian fold in base of which there is a diffused black 
streak ; anteraedial line black, minutely waved, oblique from costa 
to vein 1 where it almost touches the postmedial line, then bent 
inwards ; claviform absent ; orbicular small, round, obscured by 
the fuscous shade and slightly defined by black ; reniform small, 
rufous slightly defined by blackish ; postmedial line blackish, rather 
diffused, slightly bent outwards round the reniform, oblicjue below 
the cell and slightly angled outwards on vein 1, some slight pale 
points beyond it on costa ; subterminal line defined by an oblique 
dark shade on inner side from costa and a strong blackish shade 
between veins 6 and 1 with dentate black marks in the interspaces, 
incurved below vein 4 ; a terminal series of small black spots. 
Hind wing nearly pure white, the veins slightly tinged with brown ; 
the underside with the costa irrorated with black, a large black 
discoidal spot, postmedial series of short streaks on the veins, and 
terminal series of points. 

Hah. Uganda, Entebbe (Minchin), 1 J type. Exji. 26 millim. 



4670. Calamistis nubifera, n. sp. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 9.) 

(5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen red-brown suffused with dark 
brown ; palpi dark brown ; tarsi blackish ringed with oclireous. 
Fore wing ochrcons tinged with rufous ; the costal half of medial 
areu, the postmedial costal area, and the medial part of terminal 
area suffused with dark brown ; subbasal line black, waved, from 
costa to submedian fold, in which there is a short black streak from 
base : antemedial line waved, somewhat oblique from costa to sub- 
median fold ; orbicular and reniform faintly defined by blackish, 
the former oblique elliptical, the latter with slight curved line in 
centre ; postmedial line blackish, oblique towards costa, then 
dentate and oblique below vein 5 ; some slight pale points beyond 
it on costa ; subterminal line ochreous defined on inner side by 
brown suffusion, arising below vein 7 and bent outwards to tornus ; 
a terminal series of small blackish luuules ; cilia dark brown with 
whitish line at base and intersected with whitish. Hind wing 
white ; a blackish discoidal spot and terminal series of black striae ; 
the i;nderside with the costal area slightly irrorated M'ith brown, a 
prominent black discoidal lunule, indistinct diffused minutely waved 
postmedial line, and terminal series of small lunules. 

Ilab. Congo Fobest {Wollasto)i), 1 J type. Exp. 28 millim. 



CALAJIISTIS. 



4671. Calamistis obliquifascia. 

Sesamia ohliquifascia, Huipsn. Trans. Zool. Soc. xix. p. 108 pi. iv. f. 15 
(19U9). 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white mixed with 
fuscous ; palpi with the 2nd joint fuscous at sides. Fore wing 
ochreous white irrorated with black, the veins streaked with 
whitish ; a rather diffused black streak below base of cell ; a faint 
whitish discoidal lunule ; an oblique whiti.sh band from apex to 
inner margin beyond middle, defined on outer side by slight blackish 
marks ; a terminal series of small black lunules ; cilia whitish at 
base, mixed with black at tips. Hind wing whitish slightly tinged 
with brown ; a terminal series of slight dark striae from apex to 
vein 2 ; the underside whitish slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Uganda, Ruwenzori, 3.500' ( Wollaston), 1 S type ; Trans- 
vaal, White R. {Cooke), 1 J . Exp. 24 millim. 



*4672. Calamistis microsticta. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 10.) 

Folia microsticta, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 233 (1891). 

J . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with dark brown ; sides of 
palpi and frons dark brown ; antennae ochreous white ; legs dark 
brown mixed with grey ; the tarsi with pale rings ; abdomen 
ochreous suffused with red-brown. Fore wing ochreous, the cell 
and costal area to near apex tinged with purplish pink and irro- 
rated with dark brown ; subbasal line represented by slight dark 
striae from costa and cell ; anteraedial line indistinct, double, angled 
outwards below costa, then oblique to subraedian fold, then angled 
inwards on vein 1 to inner margin ; claviform absent ; orbicular 
and reniform very small, defined by black, the former ochreous, 
oblique V^^^P^^' open above, the latter with dark centre and 
ochreous annulus, a blackish streak between them in cell ; post- 
medial line rather indistinct, with black point on costa, bent 
outwards below costa, then dentate and produced to black points 
on the veins, oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line obsolete on 
costal area, oblique from vein 6 to inner margin, ochreous defined 
by reddish brown on inner side and with dark brown, rufous, and 
grey irroration beyond it ; a terminal series of small black lunules • 
cilia fulvous yellow at base, chequered ochreous and black at tips. 
Hind wing ochreous uniformly suffused with fuscous brown ; a 
slight dark terminal line ; cilia ochreous ; the underside ochreous 
irrorated with fuscous, a dark discoidal lunule, indistinct sinuous 
postmedial line with minute dark streaks on the veins, and traces 
of diffused subterminal line. 

Nab. SiKHiM {Mailer), 1 ^ type. Exp. 36 millim. 



278 NOCTCID^. 

4673. Calamistis submarginalis. 

Ichihyura submarginalis. Hmpsu. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 60, pi. 141. f. 5 
(1891) ; d. Moths Ind. ii. p. 285. 

5 . Head and thorax whitish mixed with red-hrown ; palpi 
dark brown ; abdomen grey -brown. Fore wing ochreous whitish 
suffused and irrorated with red-brown, the basal costal area, medial 
area obliquely from eosta to subraedian fold, and terminal area 
except at apex suffused with dark brown ; traces of a blackish snb- 
basal line from costal to submedian fold, and of an antemedial line 
oblique from costa to submedian fold : orbicular and reniform very 
small and incompletely defined by black, the former oblique and 
somewhat produced at lower extremity ; postmedial line indistinct, 
slightly bent outwards below costa, then dentate, oblique below 




Fig. 117. — Calavmtis suhmarginalin, ^ . \. 

vein 4, some slight pale points beyond it on costa : subterminal 
line oblique, ochreous white defined on inner side by dark brown, 
arising below vein 7; a terminal series of small black lunules ; 
cilia chequered ochreous and daik brown and with brown line at 
middle. Hind wing greyish strongly suffused with brown ; cilia 
ochreous white with a brown line through them ; the underside 
ochreous thickly irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal lunule 
and indistinct diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Madras, Nilgiris {Hampson), 1 5 type. Exp. 32 millim, 

4674. Calamistis stygiata, n. sp. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 11.) 

cJ . Head and thorax fuscous, the hairs slightly tipped with 
white ; anfennse ringed with white ; tarsi blackish ringed with 
white; abdomen white tinged with fuscous. Fore wing fuscous 
brown with a greyish tinge ; a slight black streak below base of 
cell connected with the claviform, which is very narrow and elongate, 
defined by black; a slight black streak above median nervure from 
middle of cell to the reniform, which is defined by four black points 
and with black streak beyond it in discal fold to near term en on a 
faint whitish fascia and with slight black streak above its extremity 
on a whitish streak. Hind wing white, the veins and terminal 
area slightly tinged with brown ; the underside irrorated with 
brown especially on costal and terminal areas. 

Hab. Transvaal, Piet Eetief {Craivshay), 1 c? type. Exp. 
30 millim. 



CALAJXISTIS. RABIIA. 279 

4675. Calaniistis nnicolora, u. sp. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 12.) 

d" . Head and thorax pale brown mixed with whitish ; tarsi 
slightly ringed with white ; abdomen whitish tinged with brown. 
Fore wing uniform grey-brown mixed with whitish and faintly 
tinged with rufous ; an antemedial blackish point in submedian 
fold ; a slight fuscous point at lower angle of cell faintly defined 
by whitish ; traces of a postmedial series of dark points on the 
veins ; a termiual series of slight dark striae. Hind wing fuscous 
brown tinged with grey ; cilia white mixed with brown ; the under- 
side whitish suffused and irrorated with reddish brown, a blackish 
discoidal spot. 

Hah. Upper Congo (WoUdston), 1 c? type. Krp. 2S millim. 



Genus RABILA. 

ijpe. 
/TflWr/, Wlk. xxsii. 507 (1865) fnmtalis. 

Proboscis absent ; palpi porrect, sleuder, extending abont tlie length of 
head; t'rons with rounded corneous iironiitience with raised edges and corneous 
plate below it; ej'es large, round ; antenn;\2 of male bipectinate with moderate 
branches, the apex serrate; thorax clothed with Jiair and scales mixed, the 
pro- and metathorax with spreading crests; tibiae moderately fringed with 
hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the ternien 
evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 
H from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent 
from just below middle of diseocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anasto- 
mosing with the cell to near middle. 



4676. Rabila frontalis. 

Rahila frontalis, Wlk. xxxii. 508 (1865); Moore, Lep. Ceyl. ii. p. 135, 
pi. 132. f. 5; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 170. 

J . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with rufous ; abdomen 
ochreous slightly tinged with rufous. Fore wing ochreous slightly 
tinged with rufous, the veins, discal and submedian folds streaked 
with rufous ; a slight rufous discoidal lunule ; subterminal line 




Fig. lis. — Eabila frontalis, (^ . \. 



rufous, strongly incurved at veins 5 and 2 ; a rufous terminal line. 
Hind wing semihyaline white, the veins and termen tinged with 
rufous. 

Hah. Cktlox [Templelon). 1 ^ type faded and discoloured. 
E,vp. 36 millim. 



280 



NOCTITIDiE 



Genus CEA. 

Type. 
Cea, Grote, Papilio, iii. p. 78 (1883) immacula. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, extending to just beyond frons, 
the 2nd joint moderately fringed with hair below ; frons with rounded pro- 
minence bare of scales and with corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; 
antennaB of male ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales, the 
pro- and metathorax with spreading crests ; tibiae moderately fringed with 
hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base, but without crests. Fore wing 
with the apex somewhat produced and acute ; the termen evenly curved and 
hardly crenulate ; veins 3 and .5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 6 obsolescent from just below middle of 
discocellular.s ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

A. Fore wing with pale streaks on the veins and dark streaks in 
the interspaces of terminal area. 

a. Fore wing with black points in and beyond lower angle of 

cell ; hind wing suffused with brown cirphidia. 

b. Fore wing without black points in and beyond lower angle 

of cell ; hind wing ochreous white leucamdia. 

E. Fore wing nearly uniform pale yellow iynmacula. 

4677. Cea cirphidia, n. sp. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 13.) 

5 . Head and thorax pale rufous ; pectus and legs whitish 
tiuged with rufous ; abdomen ochreous white tinged with brown 
and slightly irrorated with black. Fore wing pale rufous spai'^ely 
irrorated with black, the veins with slight pale streaks ; a black 
point in lower angle of cell and two just beyond the angle and one 
beyond upper angle. Hind wing ochreous white sufi'used with 
reddish brown especially on terminal area, the veins of terminal 
area with slight pale streaks ; cilia yellowish white ; the underside 
white irrorated with brown, the costal area tinged with rufous. 

Hab. U.S.A., California, Sta Barbara {D'Urban), 2 § type. 
Exj). 40 millim. 

4678. Cea leucanidia, n. sp. 

Head and thorax white slightly tiuged with rufous ; abdomen 
white tinged with ochreous. Fore wing ochreous wliite slightly 
tiuged with rufous, the veins with slight pale streaks ; a slight 




Fig. 119. — Cea leucanidia, J, }-. 

dark streak on medial area in submediau fold curved upwards at 
extremity to vein 2 ; slight dark streaks in the interspaces above 



CEA. ARENOSTOLA. 281 

and below vein 4 and below extremity of vein 3. Hind winj; 
white faintly tinged with ochreous ; the underside with the costal 
area faintly tinged with rufous. 

Hah. U.S.A., Oregon, Crooked R. (Walsingham), 1 cT , 5 $ type. 
Exja. 34-40 millim. 

*4679. Cea immacula. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 14.) 

Cea immacula, Grote, Papilio, iii. p. 78 (1883). 
Cea immaculata, Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 214. 

Head and thorax very pale yellow ; abdomen white. Fore wing 
almost uniform very pale yellow. Hind wing pure silky white. 

Hab. U.S.A., Arizona. Exp. 27 millim. This species is un- 
known to me ; figured from a drawing from type in Mus. Brooklyn 
Soc. Arts and Sciences. 



Genus AEENOSTOLA, nov. 

Type, A. phragmUidis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to vertex of 
head and moderately fringed with hair in front, the cird short, porrect ; frons 
smooth, with tuft of hair ; eyes large, round ; antenna' of male ciliated ; thorax 
clothed with hair and hair-like scales, the prothoras with slight spreading crest, 
the metathorax without crest ; tibiae moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen 
without crests. Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced and acute, the 
termen evenly curved and hardly crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3,4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of diecocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 



Sect. I. Antennae of male with fascicles of long cilia. 

4680. Arenostola lutosa, 

Noctua lutosa, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noet. f. 232 (1802); Grube, Tijds. t. 

Ent. xviii. p. 118, pi. 7. ff. a-e ; Tijds. v. Ent. xli. p. 93, pi. 2. ff. 1-3; 

Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 190. 
Noctua crassicomis, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 173 (1809) ; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., 

Haust. iii. p. 72. 
Nonagria vectis, Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 459 (1825). 
Nonagria pilicornis, Steph. Ill, Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 72, pi. 29. f. 1 

(1829). 
Nonagria bathym-ga, Frr. Keue Schmett. ii. p. 122, pi. 170. f. 1 (1835) ; 

Dup. Lep. Fr., Suppl. iii. p. 343, pi, 32. f. 1; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. 

Schmett., Noct. ff. 307, 312-3. 

Head and thorax ochreous whitish ; abdomen ochreous whitish 
dorsally faintly tinged with rufous. Fore wing ochreous whitish 
irrorated with a few black scales : a postmedial series of black 
points excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique. Hind wing 
white tinged with ochreous and irrorated with a few fuscous scales ; 
traces of a curved fuscous postmedial line ; the underside with the 



282 



NOCTUID-E. 



costal half irrorated witli black, some black points on termen from 
apex to (iiscal fold. 




Fig. 120. — Arenostolu hitusa, J. j. 

Hah. Britaix, Leech Coll. ; Germany, Zeller and Frey Colls. ; 
Austria ; Hungary ; Switzerland ; Rumelia ; Sweden ; Russia ; 
W. Turkestan, Saisan, Iss}k-Ivul ; E. Siberia, Ussuri. Exp. 40- 
54 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 119 ; Barrett, Lep. Biit. v. p. 117, pi. 199. f. 1. 

Whitish ochreous tinged with pink ; head pale red-brown. Food- 
plant, in stems of Phragmites. 3-6. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male uiituitelj- ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with pale st.-eaks on the veins, at least on 

terminal area. 
a. Fore wing without biaek streak through upper part 
of cell. 
a^. Fore wing without ante- and postmedial series of 

black point.s p/ii-ngwi(idi». 

l)K Fore wing with ante- and postmedial series of black 
points, 
ft^. Head, thorax, and fore wing strongly tinged with 

red-brown hirvilinea. 

fr. Head, thorax, and fore wing hardly tinged with 

red-brown iinpudica. 

h. Fore wing with black streak through upper part of cell. 

ff'. Fore wing with incomplete curved postmedial line... inquinata. 
h^. Fore wing without postmedial line variana. 

B. Fore wing with dark streaks on the veins. 

a. Fore wing with black streak in terminal half of cell. 

1-/1. Fore wing without black streak below base of cell ... interlata. 
h^. Fore wing with black streak below base of cell stigmatica. 

b. Fore wing without black streak in terminal half of cell. 
a}. Fore wing with the veins of terminal area defined 

by whitish streaks defecta. 

b^. Fore wing with the veins not defined by whitish 
streaks. 
a". Fore wing narrow and elongate. 

a^. Fore wing irrorated with brown prorrra. 

b^. Fore wing not irrorated with brown f/gvii. 

h-. Fore wing shorter and broader. 

a^. Fore wing with the reniform more or less 

defined Jhixa. 

P. Fore wing with the reniform obsolete. 

a*. Hind wing suffused with fuscous pygiiiina. 

b^. Hind wing ochreous white slightly irrorated 

with fuscous iiinhiUci, 



ARENOSTOLA, 283 

C Fore wing williout streaks on the veins. 

a. Hind wing pure white ; fore wing irrorated with 

whit e m ollicella . 

h. Hind wing suffused with browu. 
a}. Fore wing pale flesh-colour. 

a- Fore wing with dark irroration tnodesta. 

h^. Fore wing without dark irroration deserticola. 

/)'. Fore wing white, 
a^. Fore wing with postniedial series of dark points. 
a?. Hind wing stvougly suffused with fuscous, 

especially on terminal area hondi. 

h^. Hind wing shghtlj tinged with brown extrema. 

b^. Fore wing without postmedial series of dark 

points sohn-retheli. 



4681. Arenostola phragmitidis. 

JS'octiM phraginitidh, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noet. f. 230 (i80-2) ; Dup. Lep. 

Fr. vii. pt. 1 , p. 90, pi. 106. f. 5 ; Frr. Neue Schmett, pi. 515. f. 1 ; 

Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 190. 
Noc(tia semicana, Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 189. f. 5 (1804). 
Leucania verecunda, Ev. Bull. Soc. Mosc. 1848, iii. p. 219. 
XantJwdesmorawitzii, Men. Euum. Corp. Anim. Mus. iii. pi. 16. f. 8 (1863). 

Head and thorax whitish, the latter with the vertex tinged with 
red-brown ; palpi brownish ; legs tinged with brown ; abdomen 
ochreous white dorsally tinged with brown, ventrally with rufous. 




Fig. 121. — Arcnoftola phragnmtidis, (^ . \. 

Fore wing whitish tinged with rufous, the costal area whiter, the 
veins slightly streaked with whitish ; cilia rufous. Hind wing 
ochreous suffused Avith brown, the veins slightly streaked with 
ochreous ; cilia ochreous white ; the underside whitish tinged 
with ochreous. 

Hah. Britain, Scotland, Forres (Salvage), England (Doubleday), 
Leech Coll. ; Holland ; Denmark, Frey Coll. ; German r, Zeller and 
Leech Colls. ; Switzerland ; Russia, Sarepta, Zeller Coll. ; W. 
Turkestan, Turcomania, Issyk-kul ; Tibet, Am do. Ewj). 32-38 
millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 120 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. t. p. 125, pi. 199. f. 2. 

Whitish ochreous ; subdorsal line broad, interrupted, purplish 
fuscous; lateral line narrow, similar; head black: thoracic plafc^ 
brown. Food-plant, in stems and on leaves of Phragmites. 9-0. 

Pupa on the ground. 



284 NOCTUIIKE. 



4682. Arenostola brevilinea. 



Nonagria brevilinea, Femi. But. Mo. M^g. 1. p. 107 (18G4) ; Knaggs, Ent. 

Ann. 18(15, p. 105, f. 3; Slaud. Oat. Lep. pal. p. 188. 
Nonagria sinelinea, Farn, Entom. xi. p. 103 (1878). 

Head and thorax brown mixed with greyish and slightly irrorated 
with black ; palpi with the 2nd joint at sides and frons at sides 
black ; tarsi tinged with black ; abdomen ochreous brown slightly 
irrorated with black. Fore wing pale red-brown irrorated with 
black, the veins of terminal half with slight pale streaks defined on 
each side by black streaks ; short black streaks from base in and 
below cell ; antemedial line represented by black points on the 
veins ; a black point at lower angle of cell and a diffused black 
shade beyond the angle ; postmedial line represented by a series of 
black points excurved from below costa to vein 4, then oblique ; 
faint traces of a subterminal line. Hind wing ochreous brown 
suffused and irrorated with fuscous especially on terminal area 
leaving the termen and cilia more ochreous ; the underside ochreous 
white irrorated with black especially on terminal area. 

Ab. 1. sinelinea. Fore wing without the black streaks at b.ise. 

Hab. Britain, Norfolk {Wlieehr), Leech Coll. Kxp. 32-38 
millim. 

Larva. Mejr. Brit. Lep. p. 120 ; Barrett, Lep. BriL t. p. 121, pi. 200. f. 1. 

Pale ochreous freckled with brown ; dorsal, subdorsal, and spira- 
cular lines orange edged with pale j'^ellow ; head pale brown. Food- 
plant, Phragmites, 5-6 ; the larva when young feeding in the stems. 

4683. Arenostola impudica. 

Nonagria impudica, Stand. Rom. Mem. tI. p. 470, pi. 9. f. 3 (1892) ; id. 
Cat. Lep. pal. p. 188. 

S . Head and thorax ochreous whitish faintly tinged with rufous 
and irrorated with a few black scales especially on upper edge of 
patagia ; palpi brownish except 3rd joint ; frons black at sides ; 
legs brownish ; abdomen ochreous white slightly irrorated with 
brown. Fore wing grey-white irrorated with black and faintly 
tinged with brown, the costal edge ochreous, the veins of terminal 
half streaked with whitish ; antemedial line represented by black 
points on the veins ; reniform with hardly traceable dark outline ; 
a postmedial series of black points on veins 6 to 1, excurved to 
vein 4, then oblique ; cilia ochreous mixed with brown. Hind wing- 
white tinged with brown especially on terminal area ; postmedial 
black points on veins 4, 3, 2 ; cilia white ; the underside white, 
the costal area and terminal area to vein 2 tinged and irrorated 
with brown, traces of a postmedial series of dark points on the 
veins. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with short black streak below base of cell. 

Hah. E. Turkestan, Hi ; E. Siberia, Amurland, 1 J , Ussuri. 
Exp. 38 millim. 



ARENOSTOLA. 285 

4684. Arenostola inquinata. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 15.) 

Nonaqria inqumata, Guen. Noct. i. p. 104 (1852); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. 

_ Am. p. 183. 
Tupinostola orienfalis, (h-o^e, Bull. U.S Geol. Geog. Siirv. Terr. \i. p. 583 
(1882) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 184. 

Head and tegulae red-brown mixed with dark brown ; thorax 
ochreous tinged with red-brown ; abdomen ochreous. Fore wing 
pale ochreous tinged with rufous and irrorated with black, the veins 
streaked with whitish ; a diffused blackish streak in upper part of 
cell from base to just beyond upper angle; a slight bbick streak in 
submedian fold on medial area ; a rather indistinct strongly 
excurved postmedial line from vein 7 to end of streak in submedian 
fold ; a terminal series of black striae ; cilia ochreous mixed with 
black and intersected by pale streaks at the veins. Hind wing 
pale ochreous slightly irrorated with brown exce])t at base ; traces 
of a curved postmedial line ; a slight dark terminal line ; the 
underside irrorated with fnscoiis except the cell and inner area ; a 
slight dark discoidal striga. 

Hah. Canada, Renfrew Co., 1 c5' , Mnnitoba, ^Vinnipcg, 1 c? , 1 5 ; 
U.S.A., Maine, Kittery Point, New York (Doubledciy), 1 § rype, 
Buffalo. Exjy. 26 millim. 

*4685. Arenostola variana. 

Tapinostola variana, Morr. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1875, p. 432; Smith, 
Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 184. 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with dark brown ; thorax 
ochreous tinged with red-brown ; abdomen ochreous. Fore wing 
pale ochreous tinged with rufous and irrorated with black, the 
veins streaked with whitish ; a difl'used blackish streak in upper 
part of cell from base to just beyond uj)per angle ; a slight black 
streak in submedian fold on medial area; no postmedial line; a 
terminal series of black strite ; cilia ochreous mixed with black and 
intersected by pale streaks at the veins. Hind wing pale ochreous 
slightly irrorated with brown except at base ; a slight dark terminal 
line; the underside irrorated with fuscous except the cell and inner 
area, a slight dark discoidal striga. 

Hah. U.S.A., Michigan, Detroit. Exp. 26 millim. This species 
is unknown to me. 

4686. Arenostola interlata. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 16.) 
Nonagria interlata, Wlk. xi. 713 (1857). 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with rufous and dark 
brown ; abdomen ochreous tinged with rufous. Fore wing ochreous 
white irrorated with purple-brown leaving pale streaks in discal 
and submedian folds, the veins with dark streaks ; a black-brown 
streak in cell towards extremity and a small spot on middle of 
discocellulars : a terminal series of small triangular black-brown 



286 NOcruiD.ii. 

sputs ; cilia ochreous white mixed with brown. Hind wing 
ochreoiis white, the terminal half slightly tinged with brown ; a 
line waved brown terminal line from apex to submediaii fold ; the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a brown 
discoidal spot. 

Hah. Natal, Durban (Krauss), 1 $ type. E.q^. 32 millim. 

4687. Arenostola stigmatica. (Plate CXLIIT. fig. 17.) 

Leucania stigmatk-a, Ev. Bull. Mosc. 1855, iii. p. 191 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. 

pnl. p. 188. 
Tapinosiola laganica, Grres. Berl. cnt. Zeit. xxxii. p. 344 (1888). 

^ . Head and thorax pale ochreous slightly tinged with rufous ; 
the palpi, sides of frons, and legs tinged with brown ; abdomen pale 
ochreous tinged with brown, the anal tuft with rufous. Fore wing 
pale ochreous slightly tinged with rufous ; a diffused streak of 
black scales below base of cell, and another in and beyond lower 
extremity of cell ; a whitish mark at lower angle of cell ; the veins 
towards termen with slight brown streaks; a terminal series of 
slight brown luuules ; cilia brown with pale lines near base and 
near tips. Hind wing white tinged with ochreous ; cilia with 
brownish line near base and white tips ; the underside slightly 
irrorated with brown, a slight dark discoidal striga. 

Hah. UcssiA, Urals ; Moxgolia, Uliassucai, 1 c? ; E, Siberia, 
Iventei, Amurland. Exp. 30 millim. 

4688. Arenostola defecta. (Plate CXLIII. fig. IS.) 

Senta defecta, Grote, 6th Kept. Peab. Ac. Sci. p. 29 (1874) ; id. Bull. Buff. 
Nat. Sci. ii. pi. 1. f. 4 ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Ain. p. 183. 

5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale grey tinged with red-brown. 
Fore wiug pale grey tinged with red-brown ; a red-brown shade in 
and below cell expanding beyond the cell to terraen below apex, 
the veins beyond the cell defined by pale streaks above and below : 
the terminal half of median uervure streaked with white ; a narrow 
blackish discoidal lunule, its lower half with white annulus ; a 
postmedial series of black points on veins 7 to 1, oblique below 
vein 6 ; a terminal series of black points. Hind wiug brownish 
white ; traces of a curved postmedial line ; a terminal series of 
dark points from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with faint dis- 
coidal points. 

Hah. U.S.A., 1 $ type, Eastern, Middle, and Central States, 
Massachusetts, New York, Maryland. Exp. 32 millim. 

4689. Arenostola procera. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 19.) 

Tapinostola j)rocera, Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1889, p. 47; id. Cat. Lep. 
pal. p. 189. 

Head and thorax ochreous white mixed with brown ; palpi and 
legs brownish ; abdomen ochreous white tinged with brown. Fore 



ARENOSTOLA. 287 

"u-ing ochrenns white tinged with pale rufous and ratlier tliickly 
irrorated with fuscous brown, the veins slightl}' streaked with 
l)rown ; traces of a postmedial series of dark points on the veins, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; a terminal series of brown striae. 
Hind wing white tinged with ochreous ; the underside with the 
costal area and terminal area to vein 2 irrorated with brown. 

Hah. W. TtJEKESTAN, I*syk-kul ; E. Tdrkestan, Hi, Thian-Shan 
Mts. ; Mongolia, Uliassutai, 1 r{ ; Kashmir, Nubra {McArthur)^ 
1 ? . Exp. 30-34 millim. 

4690. Arenostola elymi. 

Leucania elipni, Treit. Scbmett. Eur. v. 2, p. 294 (1825) ; Diip. L^p. Fr., 
Suppl. iil. p. 334, pi. 31. f. 1 : Herr.-Scliaff. Eur. Sciniiett., Noct. f.346; 
Oberth. lit. Ent. v. p. 71, pi. 9. f. 2 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 189. 

Tapinostvla saturatior, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1889, p. 47. 

Head and thorax ochreous white tinged with pale rufous; palpi 
and legs brownish ; abdomen ochreous white tinged with rufous 
except at base. Fore wing ochreous white tinged with rufous, the 
inner area and a streak in discal fold beyond the cell rather paler, 
the veins slightlj' streaked with I'rown ; the antemedial line repre- 
sented by slight dark points on the veins; a postmedial series of 
slight dark points on the veins excurved from costa to vein 4, then 
oblique ; cilia ochreous mixed with brown. Hind wing white tinged 
with ochreous ; the underside with the costal area slightly tinged 
with rufous. 

Ab. 1. saturatior. Fore wing darker or with dark streaks. — 
St. Petersburg, Ussuri. 

Nab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Denm.ark, Leech Coll. ; Germany, 
Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Sweden ; Eussia, Livonia, St. Peters- 
burg ; E. Siberia, Ussuri. Kvjj. 36-40 millim. 

Larva. Mevr. Brit. Lep. p. 120; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 113, pi. 198. f. 3. 

Whitish ochreous tinged with pink ; head reddish brown. Food- 
plant, bases of stems of Elymvs arenarms. 4-5. 

4691. Arenostola fluxa. 

Noctua fluxa, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 413 (1808) ; Herr.-Schiiff. 

Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 33rx 
Nonagria junci, Boisd. Gen. & Ind. Meth. p. 134 (1840). 
Leucania hellmanni, Ev. Bull. Mosc. 1843, iii. p. 548 ; Frr. Neue Scbmett. 

pi. 429. f. 3 (1844); Herr.-Scbaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 42, 338; 

Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 189. 
Leiicania extrema, Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 336 (nee Hiibn.). 
Tajyinostula saturata, Staud. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. 107 (1871). 
Tapinosiola expressata, Krubl. Kev. Russ. Ent. vii. p. 11 (1907). 

Head and thorax pale rufous ; antennae whitish ; abdomen 
vrhitish tinged with rufous. Fore wing pale rufous, the veins of 
terminal hfilf irrorated with brown and white ; faint traces of a 
sinuous antemedial line; reniform represented by a small whitish 
annulus to lower part with brownish centre; postmedial line 



288 NOCTUID^. 

represented by a double series of faint dark points on veins 6 to 1, 
oblique below vein 4 ; a slight pale line at base of cilia. Hind 
■wing whitish faintly tinged with rufous especially on termen, the 
cilia rather paler ; the underside whitish, the costal area tinged 
with rufous, a fine sinuous brown terminal line from apex to 
vein 2. 

Ab. 1. helhnanni. Fore wing ochreous whitish tinged and irro- 
rated with brown and with hardly any rufous tinge. 

Hab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Holland ; Germany, Zeller, Prey, 
and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Sweden ; N.W. Russia, Urals ; W. 
Turkestan, Issyk-kul ; "W. Siberia, Altai ; Tibet, Amdo. Exp. 
26-30 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 121 ; Barrett, Lep. B^it. v. p. 108, pi. 198. f. 1. 

Yellowish white or reddish, the ventral surface white ; lateral 
line shining white; spiracles black; head yellow-brown. Food- 
plant, in stems of Calamagrostis ejngeios. 6. 

4692. Arenostola pygmina. 

Noctua pi/gmina, Haw. Prod. Lep. Brit. p. 13 (1802), non descr. ; id. Lep. 

Brit. p. 176 (1809). 
Noctua fulva, Hlibn. Eur. Schmel.t., Noct. f. 496 (1818) ; Dup. Lep. Fr. 

vii. pt. 1, p. 87, pi. 106. f. 4; Frr. Neue Schmett. pi. 501. f. 1 ; Staud. 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 190. 
Nonagriafiuxa, Dup. Lep. Fr., Suppl, iii. p. 351, pi. 32. f. 4 (nee Hiibn.). 
Noctua extrema, Herr.-Scuaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. IF. 332-3 & 337 (nee 

Hiibn.). 
ISoctua hellmanni, Herr.-Scliaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 339 (nee Ev.). 
Tapinoatola concolor, Tutt, Eut. Month. Mag. xx7. p. 52 (nee Gueu.) ; id. 

Ent. Eec. iv. p. 72, pl. 0. f. 2. 
Tapinostola transversa, Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 190 (1901). 

Head and thorax whitish tinged with rufous ; abdomen whitish 
tinged with brown. Fore wing whitish tinged with rufous and 
slightly irrorated with brown, the coital edge whitish, the veins 
with slight brown streaks ; traces of a curved double series of dark 
points on the veins. Hind wing whitish suffused with brown ; 
cilia white, yellowish at base. Underside whitish irrorated with 
brown, the disk of fore wing suffused with brown, 

Ab. 1. Fore wing pale ochreous, the postmedial line entire and 
dentate, the medial fascia strong. — Algeria. 

Ab. 2. extreraa, H.-S., 337 = concolor, Tutt (nee Guen.). Fore 
win"' with the ground-colour ochreous white. 

Ab. 3. fvdva. Fore wing redder. 

Ab. 4. transversa. Fore wing browner, the ante- and postmedial 
lines dark and entire. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France '^Germany, Zeller, Frey, and 
Leech Colls. : Hungary ; Switzeklan ; Sp.ain, Bilbao ; Sicily ; 
Sweden • Finland ; Russia, Livonia, Zeller Coll., Esthonia, Frey 
Coll., St. Petersburg, Zeller Coll. ; W. Siberia, Altai ; E. Turkestan, 
Hi ; E. Siberia, Amur. Exp. 2(5-28 millim. 



ARKNOSTOLA. 2S9 

Larva. Meyr. Bi-it. Lep. p. 120; Bai-rett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 103, pi. 107. t'. 2. 

Whitish ochreous tinged with pink : subdorsal and Bpiracular 
lines brownish ; head and thoracic plate pale brown. Food-plant, 
the lower part of stem of Carex j-iaJudosa. 6-7. 

*4693. Arenostola mahillei. (Plate CXLIII. fig, 20.) 

Tapinostola mahillei, Lucas, Bull. Soe. Eint. Fr. 1907, p. 342. 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous white slightly raised with fuscous ; 
abdomen ochreous white irroratcd with black. Fore wing ochreons 
white tinged with flesh-pink and irrorated with black, a blackisa 
streak on median nervureand on the veins beyond the cell ; a post- 
medial series of black points, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; 
traces of a subterminal series of black points. Hind wing ochreous 
white irrorated with fuscous. Underside of fore wing with patches 
of fuscous sufFnsioii below and beyond lower angle of cell and 
beyond upper angle. 

Hah. Algeria, Le Tarf, type t $ in Coll. Lucas. Exp. 20 millim. 

*4694. Arenostola mollicella. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 21.) 
Tapinostola mollicella, riiiij^. Iris, xix. p. 222, pi. vii. fig. 17 (1907). 

S . Head and thorax grej'-white irrorated with dark brown ; 
palpi with the 2iid joint blackish at sides ; tarsi blackish ringed 
with white; abdomen white. Fore wing pale cupreous brown 
thickly irrorated with white especially on costal area ; subbasal 
and antemedial lines represented by slight dark striae from costa 
defined by white ; a white point in cell near base followed by four 
piiirs of white points in the cell ; an antemedial point on vein 1 ; 
postmcdial line represented by two black striae from costa, bent 
outwards below costa, then represented by a rather oblique series 
of blackish points on the veins followed by white points, with white 
and black striae on costa beyond them; traces of a subterminal 
series of blackir.h points on the veins; a terminal series of black 
points with white points before them. Hind wing pure white; 
the underside with the costal area irrorated with brown, a slight 
discoidal spot and a terminal series of black points from apex to 
vein 2. 

Bah. Tibet, Kuku Xor, type t J in Coll. Piingeler. Exp. 
22 millim. 

4695. Arenostola modesta. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 22.) 

Calamia vwdei^tn. Stand. Iris, xii. p. 372 (1900) ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 190. 
$ . Head and thorax ochreous whitish tinged with brown ; 
abdomen whitish tinged with brown. Fore wing pinkish white 
tinged with brown and with dark irroration. Hind wing ochreous 
whitish suffused with brown, the cilia whiter ; the underside 
whitish tinged and irrorated with brown. 
Hah. Palestine, 1 $ . Exp. 38 millim. 

VOL. IX. I! 



290 N0CTUIDJ5. 



469G. Arenostola deserticola. (Plate CXLIII. %. 23.) 

Cahnnia dcsertkola, Stand. Iris, xii. p. 371, pi. 5. f. 10(1900); id. Cat 
Ll>p. pal. p. 190. 

S . Head and thorax brown mixed with whitish ; tarsi brown 
ringed with whitish ; abdomen grey-brown. Eore wing pale tiesh- 
colour with a brownish tinge. Hind wing grey-brown ; cilia 
whitish tinged with flesh-colour ; the underside whitish tinged 
with brownish flesh-colour. 

Bab. Algeria, Eiskra, Hammara-es-salahin (WalsingJiam), 1 J • 
Exp. 36 millim. 

4697. Arenostola bondi. 

Konagria hoiidii, Knaggs, Trans. Ent. Soc. I8(il, I'roc. p. 133 ; Mill. Icones, 

ii. pi. 87. f. 1 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 189. 
Tapimslula morrisii, Tutt, Ent. Eec. iv. p. 72, pi. C. f. 1 (1893), n^c Dale. 

Head and thorax white faintly tinged with brown ; palpi at sides 
and legs suffused with brown ; abdomen ochreoas white tinged with 
leddish brown. Fore wing brownish white irrorated with a few 
black scales; the costal edge brown towards base; subbasal lino 
represented by slight black points on costa and below cell ; traces 
of a dentate antemedial line ; traces of a minutely dentate post- 
medial line with slight black points on the veins, slightly bent 
outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique. Hind 
wing ochreous white suffused with brown, leaving slight pale 
streaks on the veins of terminal area ; traces of a curved postmedial 
line; cilia white. Underside of fore wing sufftised with brown 
excei)t marginal areas ; hind wing v\hito irrorated with brown 
especially on costal area and terminal area to vein 2, a black dis- 
coidal point and indistinct carved postmedial line. 

Flah. Beitaix (Douhltday), Leech Coll. ; Gbrm.^ny, llugen I. ; 
? Italy, A(piila ; Greece. Exp. 30-34 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 121 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 110, pi. 198. f. 2. 

Dirty white, the 1st and anal sumifes brownish ; dorsal line 
faint, pale ; head brownish ; a black point on each proleg. Food- 
plant, Festuca arHmlinacea. 8. 



469S. Arenostola extrema. 

Nociua extrema, Hiibn. Eur. Scbmett., Noet. f. 412 (1808)'; Staud. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 189. 
NoDcigria coiicolor, Guen. IN'oc-t. i. p. 103 (1852) ; Tutt, Ent. Rec. iv. p. 72, 

d1. C. f. 3; Mew. Bnt. Lep. p. 121 ; Barrett, Lpp. Bnt. v. p. 10.5, 

pi. 197. f. 3. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen white tinged with ochreous, the 
palpi and legs with brownish. Fore wing white tinged with 
ochreous and irrorated with a few blackish scales, the veins slightly 
])aler ; antemedial line represented by black points on the veins ; 



ARE>'OSTOLA. SPHETTA. 



291 



a posfcmedial series of black points on the veins, bent outwards 
below costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; a terminal series of 
dark striae. Hind wing ochreous white suffused with brown, the 
cilia j'ellowish white. Underside white irrorated with brown ; 
fore wing with the disk tinged with brown ; hind wing with oblique 
black striga on upper discocellular. 

Hah. Britain, Stephens Coll.;. Germany; Austria; Hungary; 
Russia, Urals ; Persia (Haherhauer), 1 c? ; E. Turkestan Hi. 
Exj). 28 millim. 

*4699. Arenostola sohn-retheli. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 24.) 
Tu2nnoiitola 8ohn-Betheli, Piing. Iris, xix. j). 222, pi. vii. f. 6 (H)07). 

S ■ Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white ; palpi fuscous ; 
antennae and legs tinged with fuscous, the tarsi slightly ringed with 
Avhite. Uore wing glossj- white with a faint ochreous tinge and 
very slightly iirorated with brown, the apex slightly tinged with 
brown ; a terminal series of slight dark strioe ; cilia white mixed 
with brown and with faint dark line near base. Hind wing glossy 
white slightly tinged with fuscous especially on termen ; cilia white 
with a faint dark line through them. Underside of fore wing 
suffused with fuscous brown except terminal area whicli is slightly 
irrorated with fuscous ; hind wing with the costal and terminal 
areas slightly irrorated with fuscous. 

Hah. C. Itaev, Abruzzi, Pescacostanzo, type t S iu Coll. Piingcler, 
Exp. 32 millim. 



Genus SPHETTA. 

Type. 
SpAez'/re, Wlk. x\-xii. 457 (ISG5) apicalls. 

Proboscis absent; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2ncl jcjint reaching to 
vertex of liead and broadly fringed witli hair in front, the old long; Irons 
smooth, with large tuft of hair above and a ridge of hair between antenn;^; 
eyes large, round ; antennae of male minutely ciliated ; thoi-ax clothed with 
rough hair, but without crests; tibire fringed with long hair; iibdomen 
elongate and rather slender, some rough hair at base but without crests. Fore 
wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved, erenulate ; vein 3 from 
well before angle of cell; 5 fr'om just above angle; 6 from just below upper 
angle; i) from 10 anastomosing with (S to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of disco- 
cellulars ; (i, 7 from up])er angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



4700. Sphetta apicalis. 

Sphetta apicalis, VVlk. xxxii. 4')7 (1S3')); Mooi-'^ Lep. dnl. ii. p. 114, 

pi. 121. ff. 2. 2 « ; Hmpsn. Moths lud. ii. p. 1(17. 
Sphetta bioceliaia, Muore' P. Z. S. 1S79, p. 4t>5. 

c? . Head and thorax dark reddish brown mixed with pale 
ochreous, the vertex of head paler ; tarsi black-brown, the mid aud 
hind tarsi with pale rings; abdomen greyish brown. Fore wing 

u2 



292 



NOCTUID^. 



greyisli ochreous tinged with brown ; a brownish-wbite patch on 
costa from beyond middle to apex where it narrows to a point, 
defined lelow by bhick-brown suffusion arising in end of cell before 
the f-mall triangular whitish reniform stigma, the costa and veins 
on this patch faintly streaked with brown ; subbasal line represented 
by double dark striae from costa and cell ; an indistinct double ante- 
medial line, oblique from costa to median nervure ; an indistinct 
very oblique dentate line from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; 
three indistinct minutely dentate oblique postmedial lines Irom 




Fig. 122.— Sj>he//a apicalh, J. \. 

vein 5 to inner margin with dark points on the veins ; faint traces 
of a pale subterminal line defined on each side by slight dark 
marks ; a terminal series of slight black lunules defined on inner 
side by whitish ; cilia brown mixed with ochreous white. Hind 
wdng uniform greyish brown ; the underside ochreous white tinged 
with brown, a small discoidal spot, two indistinct waved postmedial 
lines, and a terminal series of small black lunules. 

$ . Fore wing more uniformly suffused with brown. 

Ah. 1. hiocellatu. Head, thorax, and abdomen much darker in 
l)oth sexes; fore wing nearly uniform dark brown except the costal 
patch, the postmedial lines reduced to black i)oints or pale streaks 
on the veins ; hind wing black-brown. 

Hah. Bombay (Leiih), 1 $ type hiocelhda ; Cbtlon, Kandy 
(Temjildon, Miphivood), I S, - k ^vpe ; Bali {Doherty), 1 d- 
Exp. 6 40, $ 50-80 millira. 



Genus AECHANARA. 



T 



ype. 



Archanara, Wlk. xsxv. IToT (18fi6) polita. 

Proboscis aborted, minute; palpi pnrrect, extending to extremity of tlie long 
triangular corneous frontal pr( cess, bifid at extremity and concealed in hair ; 
eyes large, round ; antennte of male minutely serrate and fasciculate ; thorax 
clothed with hair and hair-like scales and without distinct crests ; tibiie 
moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base and 
slight basal crest. Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced and acute, 
the termen obliquely curved and slightly crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from near 
angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; ii from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form 
the arcole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with ^eills 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 
obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars, 6, 7 from, upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



ARCHAXAKA. 



293 



A. Fore wing with more or less developed white centre to 

lower part of reniform geminipicncta,. 

B. Fore wing with the lower part of reniform black, more or 

less defined by wliite or by wliite points. 

a. Hind wing with dark discoidal spot or lunule on under- 

side. 
rt\ Fore wing witli the postmedial line entire, dentate . resoluta 
f>\ Fore wing witji the postmedial line reduced to short 

black and white streaks dissoluta. 

b. Kind wing witliout dark discoidal spot on underside, 
a'. Fore wing with postmedial series of black points. 

a'^. Fore wing greyish ochreous tinged with brown.. neurica. 

6-. Fore wing rufous tinged with grey polita. 

6'. Fore wing without postmedial series of black 

points phragm iticolff. 

C. Fore wing with tlie lower part of reniform defined by 

black points sparganli. 

D. Fore wing with the lower part of reniform not defined 

by white or black points. 

a. Fore wing with postmedial series of black points, 
a'. Fore wing witii terminal series of black points. 

«". Fore wing witli distinct golden gloss cerata,. 

Ifi. Fore wing without golden gloss ohlonga. 

b^. Fore wing without terminal series of black points. 

a^. Fore wing ochreo\is slightly tinged with rufous ... subflava. 
b^. Fore wing suftused with fuscous in male, more 

ochi-eous in female alameda. 

c". Fore wing pale flesh-colour to dark red-brown ... a/gts. 

b. Fore wing without postmedial series of black points ... Icsia. 

4701. Archanara geminipuncta. 

Noctua geininipuncta, Haw. Lep. !Brit. p. 176 (1809); Hatchett, Traii.^. 

Ent. Soc. 1812, p. 327, pi. 9. f. 2; Stepli. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. 

p. 79; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 187. 
Noctua 2yalu.dicolor, Hiibu. Eur. Schmett., Noct. fi". 621, 637 (1818) ; Dup. 

Lep. Fr., Suppl. iii. p. 357, pi. 33. ff. \,a-c; Guen. Ann. Soc. Ent. 

Fr. 1833, p. 447. pi. 1<). f. A. 
Noctua guttans, Hiibu, Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 628-9 (1818). 
Noctua arundinis, Sepp, Ins. iv. p. 65, pi. 20. ff. 6, 7 (1836). 
Nonagria nigricans, Stand. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. 46 (1861). 

Head and thorax rufous ; abdomen rather paler rufous. Fore 
wing rufous; antemedial line represented by traces of dark points 




Fig. 123. — Archanara geminipuncta, (^ . \. 

on Ihe veins ; the orbicular represented by a dark point, the reni- 
form by a small white or pale spot at lower angle of cell defined 
by fuscous, usually with another white point above it ; traces of a 



294 



NOCTUIDJE. 



double post.medial line excuivcd from eostii to vein 4, then obli(]tie ; 
the veins with faint dark streaks towaids termen. Bind wing 
pale rufous. Underside of fore wmg brown, tlie costal and terminal 
areas whitish tinged with rufous; hind wing whitish tinged with 
rufous and slightly irrorated Avith brown, traces of a dark discoidal 
lunule. 

Ab. 1. nigricans. Wholly suffused with lluckibh ; fore wing 
with the reniform usually obsolescent. 

Hal). Eritaijt, Leech Coll. ; Prance, Sand Coll. ; Germany, 
Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Htjngaky ; Switzerland ; 
Spain, Andalusia ; N. Italy; Sweden; Kdssia, Livonia, Sarepta. 
^xjy. 26-3(:) millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. Ill ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 88. pi. 195. f. 2. 

Pinkish ochreons ; spiracular line ])aler ; head dark brown. 
Pood-plant, in stems of iV^j'rt^jHi^f^s. 5-G. 

4702. Archanara resoluta, n. sp. (Plate CXLIIT, fig. 25.) 

(J . Head and thorax red-brown ; antennae whitish ; abdomen 
greyish tinged with red-brown. Pore wing greyish suffused with 
red-brown and slightly irrorated with dark brown : a brownish 
shade below median nervure and between veins 4 and submedian 
fold to near termen ; the costal edge dark brown ; a faint curved 
brown subbasal line from costa to submedian fold; anteiuedial line 
rather indistinct, oblique, brown, dentate, angled inwards to short 
dark streaks on the veins, with a brown point before it in cell ; a 
whitish streak on terminal part of median nervure, its extremities 
slightly bent upwards and wilh a short dark streak between them ; 
postraedial line blackish, oblique from costa to vein 7, then dentate 
and inwardly oblique ; subterminal line formed by a series of small 
diflTuscd dark marks, angled outwards at vein 7, then oblique ; a 
terminal series of small black spots. Hind wing whitish suffused 
with brown ; the underside whitish suffused with rufous and 
irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal bar and diffused curved 
postmedial line. 

IJah. Japan, Tokio (Maries), 1 c? type. Eay. 30 millim. 

4703. Archanara dissoluta. 

llsoctiia venriro, Hiibn. Eur. Scliniett,. IS'oot. ff. fi59-661 (1S18), nee f. 381 ; 

Diip. I.ep. Fr. vii pb. 1, p. 85, pi. 106. f. 2 ; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett.', 

Noct. fl'. 347-8. 
Nucitia dissoluta, Treit. Schmett. Eur. v. (2) p. 319 (1825) ; Staud. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 188. 
Nonagria hessei, Bcisd. Gen. & Ind. Metli. p. 134 (1840). 
Jsonagnw arnndhieta, Schmidt, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1858, p. 369. 

(nrundineta.) Head and thorax ochreons greyish tinged with 
red-brown, the tegulaj edged with red-brown; palpi irrorated Avith 
brown; Irons brown at sides ; legs brown, the tarsi with slight pale 
rings ; abdomen ocbreous whitish sufi'used with red-brown except at 



ARCHANARA. 29-T 

base. Fore wing ochreous greyish with a diffused red-brown shade 
between median nervurc and vein 4 and submedian fold from base 
to termen, the median nervure and veins beyond the cell slightly 
streaked with dark brown ; antemedial line represented by slight 
dark points on the veins ; orbicular represented by a slight elongate 
mark below subcostal nervure defined Ity dark brown except to- 
wards base : reniforni a narrow lunule, its upper part faintly defined 
by brown, its lower with brown spot in centre and white annulus 
defined by brown, constricted at middle and with curved brown 
mark before its upper part ; postmedial line represented by a series 
of minute dark streaks on the veins with slight white marks 
beyond them on veins 6-3, excurved from costa to vein 4, then 
oblique ; a terminal series of small dark lunules ; cilia with a 
slight dark line through them. Hind wing ochreous whitish 
tinged with brown especially on terminal area ; a faint brown 
discoidal lunule; indistinct pale curved postmedial line defined by 
brown suffusion on inner side and terminal series of sliglit dark 
lunules ; the underside grey irrorated with brown, a dark discoidal 
spot and traces of curved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. Head, thorax, and fore wing much more rufous. 

Ab. 2. dissoluta. Head, thorax, and fore wing purplish red- 
brown, the last with the markings almost obsolete, the reniforni 
represented by a 3-shaped white mark defining it except on inner 
side, the postmedial line by a series of faint whitish points on the 
veins, the terminal lunules hardly traceable. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Holland ; 
Denmaek ; Germany, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Switzerland ; 
S, Russia ; Persia ; W. Turkestan, Turcomauia. Ex];>. 26-34 
millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Erit. Lep. p. 110; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 9l, pi. 195. f. 1. 

Pale pinkish ochreous; spiracular line pale, slender, indistinct ; 
head reddish brown. Food-plant, in stems of Phnigmites. 4-6. 



4704. Archanara neurica. 

Noctiia neurica, Hiibii. Eur. Schniett., Noct. f. 081 (1808); Stand. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 18S. 
Xonagria cdclstent, Tiitt, Ent. Ecu. xx. p. 1()4 (IflOS). 

S. Head and thorax pale greyish olive, the prothoracic crest 
tipped with white ; abdomen pale greyish olive irrorated with 
fuscous. Fore wing greyish olive slightly irrorated with fuscous ; 
a diffused fascia of blackish irroration along median nervure from 
base to beyond angle of cell where it is more prominent, the veins 
of inner half irrorated with white ; antemedial line represented by 
slight black points on the veins ; two slight black points in upper 
part of cell towards extremity ; reniform with its upper part 
slightly defined by black points, its lower with white points before 
and beyond it ; a postmedial series of black points, excurved from 
costa to vein 4, then oblique ; a terminal series of small black 



20G NOCTUIDJE. 

iunules. Hiud wing pale olive-grey suffused with fuscous ; cilia 
paler. Underside of both wings pale ochreous irrorated with 
brown, no discoidal spots : fore wing with the disk suffused with 
blown ; hind wing with diffused curved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. eddsteni. Brownish ochreous, the thorax tinged with 
rufous. — Britain, Sussex ; Germany, Mecklenburg. 

Hah. Britain; Germany, 1 J , Zeller Coll.; Austria, Vienna, 
1 c? , 1 $ ; Transylvania ; S. Sweden. Exj). 30 raillim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Motbs Eur. p. 163, pi. 28. F. 19 ; Hfl'm. Raup. p. 104. 

Bluish grey ; dorsal and subdorsal stripes yellow ; four black 
tubercles on each somite ; head dark brown. Food-plant, Phrag- 
mites communis. 6. 



470o. Archanara polita. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 26.) 

Nonagria pnUta,'SN\k. xxxii. r>29 (1865). 
Archanara noncyriella, Wlk. xxxv. 1737 (1866). 

S . Head and thorax rufous tinged with fuscous ; abdomen pale 
rufous irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing greyish rufous irrorated 
with black, the veins with faint pale streaks ; two black points on 
median nervure near base ; antemedial line represented by black 
points on the veins ; a slight black streak in cell above base of 
vein 2 ; a slight whitish spot at lower angle of cell with two black 
points on its inner edge and two on outer, a slight pale streak 
beyond it above vein 5 : a postmedial series of black points on the 
veins, excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique ; a terminal 
series of black points. Hind wing pale rufous with slight dark 
irroration ; a terminal series of dark points from apex to vein 2 ; 
the underside with postmedial series of minute dark streaks on the 
veins. 

Hah. Japan, Yokohama (Pnjer), 1 5 ; C. China, Shanghai, 2 cT 
type and tj'pe nonogrieUa. Exp. 34-38 millim. 



*4706. Archanara phragmiticola. 

Xotiof/ria phragmiticola, Slaud. Eom. Mem. vi. \). 469, pi. 9. f. 2 (1892); 
id." Out. Lep. pal. p. 188. 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen grey-brown. Fore wing grey- 
brown ; a short white streak on extremity of median nervure, a 
black point at lower angle of cell followed by a white point with 
two white points beyond it ; traces of a pale subterminal line ; 
a subterminal series of dark striae. Hind wing grey-brown. 

Hah. E. Siberia, Amurland, Sutschan. Exp. 30-36 millim. 
This species is unknown to me. 



ARCHANARA. 297 

4707. Archanara sparganii. 

Noctua sparganii, Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 148. ff. 2,3(1790); Hiibn. Eur. 
Schraett., Noct. ff. 549-riO ; Frr. Neue Beitr. pi. 88 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. 
pt. i. p. 9;>, pi. 106. ff. 6, 7 ; Herr.-Scbaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 352-3 ; 
Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 187. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen greyish ochreous suflused with 
fuscous. Fore wing greyish ochreous tinged with rufous and 
slightly irrorated with black; the median nervure and veins 
arising from it and vein 1 with faint pale streaks ; a faint dark 
streak at base of median nervure ; orbicular represented by a black 
point just above median nervure, the reniform by a small crescentic 
mark at lower angle of cell ; a postmedial series of indistinct dark 
points on the veins excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique ; 
traces of a subterminal line defined by slight dark suffusion beyond 
it, excurved below vein 7 and at middle ; a terminal scries of 
prominent black points ; cilia whitish at tips. Hind wing ochreous 
tinged with rufous ; some fuscous suffusion on the veins at and 
beyond angles of cell ; a tei'minal series of dark j^toints from apex 
to vein 2 ; cilia whitish ; the underside whitish tinged with rufous, 
the costal area slightly irrorated with brown. 

Ab. 1. Paler greyish ochreous without rufous tinge. 

Ab. 2. Much more strongly suffused with rufous ; hind wing 
suffused with black except terminal area. 

Hah. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand and Leech Colls. ; 
Germanv, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary, 
FreyCoU.: Switzerland; N. Italy; Sweden; S. Russia. Exp. 
38-46 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Lep. Brit. p. Ill ; Barrett, Brit. Lep. v. p. 82, pi. 194. f. 2. 

Slender ; pale yellow-green ; subdorsal and lateral lines darker ; 
head and thora.cic ])late pale brown. Food-plants, in stems or bases 
of leaves of Iris 2'>seudacorus, Sparc/anium, and Ti/pJia. 7-8. Pupa 
usually with head upwards. 



4708. Archanara aerata. (Plate CXLIIL fig. 7.) 

Levcania drata. But], A. M. N. H. (5) i. p. 80 (1878). 
Nonaqria strigosa, Staud. Rom. Mem. vi. p. 468 (1892) ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. 
p. i87. 

Head and thorax red-brown mixed with ochreous ; abdomen 
ochreous tinged with red-brown. Fore wing brassy yellow irrorated 
with red-brown ; dark brown streaks on base of subcostal nervure, 
on median nervure to end of cell, and on base of vein 1 ; orbicular 
represented by a dark brown point, the reniform slightly defined by 
brown scales ; postmedial line represented by a series of black 
points excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique, met at discal 
fold by an oblique dark shade from termen below apex ; a 
terminal series of small black-brown spots. Hind wing ochreous 



298 NOCXUID.E. 

yellow slightly tinged with brown ; a terminal series of brown 
strite from apex to vein 2 ; the underside ochreous yellow, the 
costal area slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. E. SiuEKiA, Amurland, 1 J , Ussuri ; Japan, Hakodate, 
1 5 type. Ea'i). (S 3u, 5 40 millim. 



4709. Archanara ohlonga. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 28.) 

Nimagria ohlonga, Grote, Papilio, ii. p. 93 (1S82); Smith, Cat. Nocfc. 

N Am. p. 1»2. 
Nonagrki permngna, (jiYot&,'P-A-p'\\io, iii. p. 73 (1883); Smith, Cat. Noct. 

N. Am. p. 182. 
Nonagria &uhca.rnea, Kellicott, Can. Ent. xv. p. 175 (1883) ; Smith, Cat. 

Nuct. N. Aui. p. 182. 

Head and thorax greyish ochreous tinged with rufous ; abdomen 
whitish ochreous tiuged with rufous and slightly irrorated with 
fuscous. Fore wing pa'e ochreous tinged with rufous and irrorated 
with fuscous ; the median nervure Avith slight dark streak ; the 
orbicular represented by a black point, the reniform by a slight 
dark point at lower angle of cell ; an indistinct postmedial series 
of black points excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique ; 
a terminal series of black points. Hind wing pale ochreous tinged 
with rufous, the disk suffused with brown ; traces of a curved 
postmedial line; a terminal series of black points from apex- to 
vein 2 ; the underside whitish tinged with rufous and slightly 
irrorated with brown, a slight discoidal point, points beyond upper 
and lower angles of cell, and subterminal series. 

Hah. U.S.A., Maine, Kittery Point, New York, 1 $, Buffalo, 
Florida, Indian R. ; Jamaica, Runaway Eay (WalsiiKjhain), 1 c? . 
Ex2). d 44, 2 52 millim. 

Larva. Head brown, shining. Body slender, cylindrical, brown, 
the skin finely wrinkly ; spiracles on joint 12 large, directed 
laterally, normal. Food-plant, Typlia. — H. G. 1). 



4710. Archanara subflava. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 29.) 

Nonaqria suhflam, Grote, Piipilio, ii. p. 95 (1882) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
ISf.'Am. p. 182. 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with rufous especially on 
the teguhe ; antennae with the shaft whitish; pectus and abdomen 
whitish. Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous and slightly 
irrorated with brown ; median nervure with dark streak, a rather 
elongate black spot at lower angle of cell; antemedial line repre- 
sented by black points on the veins, the postmedial line by a 
prominent series of black points on the veins, excurved from costa 
to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal line defined by dark irroration 
beyond it and streaks on the veins, excurved below costa and at 
middle. Hind wing white faintly tinged with ochreous ; the 



AECnVNARA. 299 

uiiflerside with the costal area slightly irrorated with brown, 
postmedial dark points on veins 8 (o (J. 

Huh. Canada, Manitoba, Awenie {Cnddle),l $; U.S.A., Maine, 
Massachusetts, Wisconsin, 1 § , Illinois, iS. Dakota, Volga, 1 $ . 
E,rj>. 30-44 iiiillim. 

4711. Archanara alameda. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 30.) 
Noi/at/ria alameda. Smith, Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. v. p. 318 (1903). 

cJ . Head and thorax dull red-brown with a fuscous tinge ; 
abdomen more ochreous. Fore wing dull red-brown sutiused with 
dark brown, the veins slightly streaked with black ; antemedial 
line obsolete; orbicular obsolete; reniform scarcely traceable; 
postmedial line represented by a series of black points ; a slight 
dark terminal line and and a tine pale line at base of cilia. Hind 
Ming ochreous tinged with fuscous ; the underside ochreous tinged 
and irrorated with fuscous, a dark postmedial line. 

5 . More ochreous, fore wing with the antemedial line sometimes 
traceable, erect, waved; ])ostmedial points large and detiued by 
some white scales ; the reniform with ochreous centre, indistinctly 
defined ; hind wing yellowish with an indistinct postmedial line. 

hub. U.S.A., California, Alameda Co., 1 $ . E.vp. J '62-o7, 
2 37-39 millim. 

4712. Archanara algae. 

Nocfua algcs, Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 110. ff. 1, 2 (1789). 

Noctiia arundtnis, Hubn. Hur. JSchiuett., Noct. ff. 380-7 (1808), pec Fabr. 

JS'unugria caniice, Ochs. Schmett. Eur. iv. p. Si! (1810) ; Dup. Lep. Fr. vii. 

pt. 1, p. 87, pi. 100. f. 3, andSiippl. iii. p. 301, pi. 33. f. 2 ; HciT.-Schatf. 

Eur. Schmett., Noct. tt'. 354-5 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 187. 
Noiiagria russa, Ev. Bull. Mosc. 1847, iii. p. 79. 

Head and thorax bright rufous ; fore legs browner above ; 
abdomen ochreous suffused with brown. Pore wing bright rufous 
slightly irrorated with fuscous ; the veins with slight dark streaks, 
the median nervure with stronger fuscous streak ; a dark poiut at 
lower angle of cell ; a postmedial series of black points on the 
veins excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique ; subterminal 
line faintly defined by fuscous suffusion beyond it, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle ; a strigiform black terminal line. Hind 
wing rufous suffused with fuscous brown, the cilia rufous; the 
underside pale rufous suffused and irrorated with brown, traces of 
a curved postmedial line. 

Ab. 1. Pale brownish ochreous slightly tinged with rufous. 

Bab. Britain, Leech Coll. ; France, Sand Coll. ; Germant, 
Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary ; Switzerland ; 
jS^. Italy ; Sweden ; Eussia, Livonia, Sarepta. Exp. 30-44 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. Ill ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 79, pi. 194. f. 1. 

Greenish ; tubercles black ; head brownish ; thoracic plato 
greenish white. Food-plant, in stems of Tijpha lutifolia. 5-6. 
Pvpa. Usually with head upwards. 



300 



NocruiD,^, 



*4713. Archanara laeta. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 31.) 

Noiiagria IcBta, Morr. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xviii. p. 120 (1875) ; Smith, 
Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 182. 

5 . Head and thorax bright rufous ; antennaj ochreous white ; 
abdomen ochreous suffused with rufous. Pore wing bright rufous 
slightly irrorated with brown, the costal area redder, the veins 
streaked with brown except vein 1 ; a diffused dark mark at lower 
angle of cell. Hind wing ochreous suffused with purplish pink 
and slightly irrorated with brown ; the underside ochreous, the 
costal area suffused witb purplish pink and slightly irrorated with 
brown. 

Hab. U.S.A., IN'ew Jersey, Hoboken, New York, Plattsburg 
(Hudson), in U.S. Nat. Mus. Exp. 44 millim. 



Genus C(ENOBIA. 



Type. 



Canohia, Stepli. Cat. Brit. Lep. p. 121 ( 18:i6), non descr. ; Wlk. ix. 

118(1850) rvfa 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porreot, extending about tlie length of head, 
the 2nd joint moderateiy iriiiged with liaii* below, tho 3rd moderate; 
Croiis with pointed triangular corneous plate at middle with flattened plate 
below it and tuft of hair above ; eyes large, round ; antenna3 of male 
ciliated; thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales and without crests; 
build slender; tibiae moderately fringed with hair; abdomen elongate, without 
crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen slightly excised below 
apex and not crenulate ; veins '6 and 5 from near angle of cell ; (> from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of 
discocellulars ; tj, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 

4714. Cceuobia rufa. 

Phytometra rufa, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 260 (1809); Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., 
Haust. iii. p. 123 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 188. 

Nonagria de^pecta, Treit. Eur. Schmett. (v.) ii. p. 311 (1825); Geyer, Eur. 
Schinett., Noct. ff. 751-2 (1833) ; Dup. Lep. Fr., Suppl. iii. p. 355, 
pi. 32. f. 5 ; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 365. 

Acosmetia lineola, Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iii. p. 123 (1829). 

Head and thorax pale ochreous tinged with rufous ; palpi and 
sides of frons tinged with fuscous ; tibiie and tarsi fuscous, the 




Fig. 121. — Ccenohia rufa, (^ . \. 

latter ringed witb white ; abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing 
pale ochreous slightly tinged with rufous and irrorated with brown 



Ca:XOEIA. HYPOCCEXA. 30 L 

pspecially on the veins ; antemedial line represented hy slight 
black points on the veins ; a small blackish spot at lower angle of 
cell ; a postraedial series of black points on the veins, oxcurved 
from coslato vein 4, then obliqne : cilia bro-wnish ochrcoiis witli 
a plight dark line through them. Hind wing white irrorated with 
brown, the termen tinged with brown ; a curved })iinctiform post- 
medial line irom cnsta to ^ein 2 and fine dark terminal line from 
apex to vein 2 ; the underside whife. the costal and terminal areas 
irrorated with brown, a discoidal point and indistinct curved post- 
medial line. 

Ab. 1. Fore \\ingdaik rufous ; hind wing sufTused with fuscous. 
— Dorsetshire (Banlrs). 

Hah. iJp.iTAiN, Leech and Frey Colls. ; Franck : Denmaek : 
Germany, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austkia. A\rp. 24-26 
millim. 

Larva. Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 94, pi. 196. f. 2. 

Slender; dorsally pale red. ventrally whitish ; four dark dorsal 
tubercles on each somite ; lateral line tine, blackish ; head and 
thoracic plate shining brown. Food-plant in stems of Junctis 
Jamprocarpus. b-Q. 

Genus HYPOCffiNA, nov. 

Type, //. rttfodriga. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, (lie 2nd joint 
reaching about to middle of frons and fringed viitli long hair in front, the 3rd 
moderate; frons smooth; ej^es large, round; antennje of male ciliated; 
thorax clothed with rongli hair only and without crests ; build slender ; 
tibise fringed with long Jiair; abdomen with some rough liair at base but 
without crests. Fore wing long and narrow, the iipex rounded, the termen 
eve ily curved and slightly creuulate ; veins 3 and .5 from near angle of cell ; 
6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to iorm the areola; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3. 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent 
from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing with 
cell near base only. 

4715. Hypoccena rufostriga. 

Leucaidfi riifo!<triqa , Pack. Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H. xi. p. '6i\ (1866) ; Smith, 

Ciit. No.t. jV. Am. p. 180. 
Caradrina pundivoia, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxi. p. 77, pi. v. f. 12 

(1894). 

(S . Head and thorax greyish ochreous suffused with rufous ; 
palpi, lower part of frons, pectus, and legs suffused with fuscous ; 
abdomen greyish tinged with rufous and irrorated with fuscous. 
Fore wing ochreous suffused and irrorated with rufous, the veins 
whitish irrorated with black ; a slight black streak above base of 
vein 1 ; a diffused dark streak along median nervure from before 
middle to middle of termen ; antemedial line represented by a 
black point on vein 1; orbicular and reniform absent; postmedial 
line represented by a double curved series of black points on the 
veins; subterminal line absent; a terminal series of slight black 
lunules ; cilia intersected by pale streaks. Hind wing greyish 



)02 



NOCXUIDJE. 



ochrcDus irroratcd and suffused with brown especiall}' on the veius, 
the cilia palor ; the underside irrorated with brown except the cell 
and inner area. 




y 



v.^ 



Fig. 1 Jo. — Hypocceiia rii-fosfr/(/n, ci ■ '. 

Hah. Labrador, Caribou I,; Canada. Manitoba, AVinnipoj^, 1 (j* , 
Alberta, Calg.nry ( Wolley-Dod), 8 S , l^^d Deer 11, ( II olletj-Dod), 
1 S ; U.S.A., 1 S , Colorado, Exp. 28-32 millim. 

Genus MICROLITA, nov. 

Type, M. kncnrhahda. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint 
moderately fringed with hair, tiie 3rd short; fi'ons with pointed conical 
prominence ; eyes large, round ; antennrc of female ciliated ; thorax clothed 
almost entirely with scales and without crests; build slight; tibia; slightly 
fringed with hair; abdomeu without cre.sts. Fore wing with the ape.x 
somewhat produced, the terinen obliquely curved and not crenulate; veins 3 
and ;') from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
witli 8 to form a small areole ; 11 from cell Hind wing with veins 3, 4 and 
6, 7 strongly stalked ; 5 obsolescent from middle of di.scocellulars ; 8 anasto- 
mosing with the cell to middle. 

*4716. Microlita leucorhabda. 

Borijodcs leucorhabda, D. Jones, Trans. Ent. Soc. IDOS, p. 165. 

5 . Head white : palpi, sides of frons, and antennae fuscous 
brown ; thorax ochreous yellow with a few brown scales ; legs 
tinged with fuscous ; abdomen ochreous white tinged with fuscous. 
Fore wing ochreous yellow slightly irroratcd with black ; a slight 




Fig. \2iS.— 'Mh:ruUta Icnrorh.ihda, J. J. 

white streak in submedian fold from base to termen ; a white 
fascia in lower part of cell with less well-defined obli(|ue wliire 
fascia from it to apex ; a subbasal black point below the oell ; 
antemedial line almost obsolete except in submedian interspace 
where it is excurved, obliijuc toAvards costa and slightly angled 



MICEOLITA. AJIPHILITA. 



'603 



inwards on vein 1 ; the medial area with sh'ght bhick streak above 
the white fascia in cell dilated at extremity into a small discoidal 
spot ; postmedial line almost obsolete on costal area, strongly angled 
outwards behnv costa, oblique to the discoidal point, then minutely 
waved and incurved iu submedian interspace ; a diffused o])lique 
lirown fascia below the white fascia from apex ; some sligbt dark 
streaks in interspaces of terminal area; a terminal series of black 
striifi. Hind wing brownish wbite ; tbe terminal area suffused 
with brown ; an indistinct discoidal spot, curved postmedial line, 
and fine terminal line ; the underside with the costal area irroratcd 
with brown, a dark discoidal spot, and diffused curved postmedial 
line. 

JJah. Brazil, Castro Paraiia, type t in Coll. D. Jones. E.vp. 
22 millim. 

Genus AMPHILITA, nov. 

Type, A. pumiilinea. 

Pruboscis I'lilly developed ; palpi obliquely uptunied, tlie 2ncl joint reaching 
about to middle of Irons and moderately scaled, tbe '6iA short ; irons smooth ; 
eyes large, round; nnteniise of female ciliated ; (boi-ax clotbed almost er.tirely 
witb scales and witliout crests; build slender ; tibial slightly triuged with hair, 
the spurs long ; abdomen without crests. Fore \ving with the apex rounded, 
the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins '6 and 5 from near angle 
of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from ]() auMstomosing with 8 to form the 
areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 fiom angle of cell ; 5 obso- 
losient from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing witji curved wliite fascia from base through tho 

cell to apex arcuafa. 

B. Fore wmg without curved white fasciti 'jmnctiiinea. 

*4717. Amphilita arcuata. 

rarvapemia arcuata, D. .Tones, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1908, p. 165. 

2 . Head and thorax bright rufous ; pectus and legs whitish tinged 
with brown ; abdomen red-brown with white bands, the ventral 
surface whitish irrorated with brown. Fore wing bright rufous 
irrorated with black-brown, the veins streaked with black-brown ; 




Fig. 127. — Amjilnliia arcuata, 2- t- 

a white fascia from base along median nervure and from lower angle 
of cell obliquely to apex ; a faint double antemedial line from the 
Avhite fascia to inner margin ; a slight dark spot in middle of cell 
and discoidal lunule : postmedial line very indistinct on costal half, 



30-t Nocri'iD.^. 

vciy oblique from costa to vein 7, tlien iiiwardl}- oblique, below the 
white fascia strong and witli faint line beyond it ; the interspaces 
of terminal area with slight brown streaks ; a fine brown terminal 
line; cilia whitish with black lines at middle and tips. Hind wing 
white, the terminal area suflfused with reddish brown narrowing to 
toruus; cilia white witb a slight brown line through them; the 
underside with the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, 
an indistinct discoidal spot and somewhat diti'used curved post- 
medial line. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana, type t in Coll. D. Jones. Exp. 
24 millim, 

*4718. Amphilita punctilinea. (Plate CXLIII. fig. 32.) 

Parvapenna punctilinea, D. Jones, Trans. Ent. Sue. 1908, p. 165. 

2 . Head and thorax ochreous yellow with a few brown scales ; 
p dpi fuscous at sides; tarsi banded with fuscous; abdomen pale 
ocbreous. Fore wing ochreous yellow sparsely irrorated with 
fuscous ; subbasal line represented by black points below costa and 
on median nervure ; a faint curved antemedial line with black 
points on costa and ihe veins, slightly incurved at vein 1 ; black 
]K)ints at origin of vein 2 and lower angle of cell ; a postmedial 
sei'ies of black points on the veins, oblique from costa to vein 4, 
tl'.en incurved ; a terminal series of black striae ; cilia ochreous 
mixed with fuscous and with a fine dark line near base. Hind 
wing ochreous white, the terminal half suffused with brownish 
ochreous ; an indistinct dark discoidal spot ; cilia ochreous at base, 
white at tips ; the underside whitish irrorated with brown, the 
costa ochreous towards base, a dark discoidal spot, traces of a post- 
medial line from costa to vein 3 and termiiuil series of stri;^. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana, type t in Coll. D. Jones. Exp. 
22 millim. 

Genus ACYLITA, nov. 

Type. A. sanc/uifusa. 

Proboscis aborted, slight ; palpi upturned, slender, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons, the 3rd short; Irons siuooth ; eyes large, round ; 
antennJE of male laminate and minutely ciliated ; thorax smoothly clothed with 
hair and scales and without crests ; tibias slightly fringed with hair, the spurs 
very long; build slender; abdomen without crests. Fore wing long and 
narrow, the apex produced and acute, the termen evenly curved and not 
crenulate ; vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; rt from above angle ; (i from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; a fringe of 
long hair from below base of costa on under.-'ide ; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from ,in*t below middle of 
discocellnlars ; 6, 7 fi'Oin upper angle; 8 anastomosing with cell to near 
extremity. 

A. Fore wing more or less strongly tinged with pink. 

a. Fore wing with rufous fascia from base to apex defined by 

white streaks cara, 

li. Fore wing without rufou.s fjiscia. 

«'. Fore wing suffused with pale pink and with slight dark 

shades (Vom base to apex and on inner area elongaia. 



ACTLITA. 305 

i'. Fore wing suffused witli deep pink. 

«-. Fore wing with deep pink fascia through tlie cell 

from base to apex sanguifufii. 

h". Fore wing without dark fascia, with slight white 
streaks on median nervure and base of veins arising 

from it duciiifieldi. 

B. Fore wing brownish ochreous. 

a. Fore wing with black points in middle of cell and on 

discocellulars dhtida. 

h. Fore wing with black discoidal point only monostlcia. 

4719. Acylita cara. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 1.) 

Boryodes cara, Schaus, Trans. Am. Ent. Soe. xxi. p. 235 (1894). 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomeu white slightlj' tinged with rufous ; 
fore legs brownish. Fore wing white irrorated with crimson ; a 
bright rufous fascia from close to base through the cell to apex 
narrowing to points at extremities and defined above and below by 
white streaks ; a slight oblique red fascia from termen just below 
apex to vein 1 beyond middle ; a fine red terminal line. Hind 
wing white very faintlj' tinged with brown; the underside irrorated 
with crimson, strongly on costal area. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana (Z>. Jones), 1 g . Exjy. 28 millim. 

4720. Acylita elongata. (Plate CXLI7. fig. 2.) 

Borijodes elongata, Schaus, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. xxx. p. 109 (190G). 

$ . Head and thorax white suffused with brown ; palpi pale 
yellow tinged with red at sides ; pectus and legs ochreous tinged 
with brown; abdomen ochreous slightly iri'orated with brown. 
Fore wing white suffused with pink especially on inner and ter- 
minal areas and slightly irrorated with brown ; the costal edge 
white ; the veins of terminal area slightly streaked with white : a 
faint brown fascia from base through the cell and thence obliquely 
to termen just below apex ; a dark point in middle of cell ; a ter- 
minal series of minute dark points. Hind wing white very faintly 
tinged with brown ; the underside with the costa faintly tinged 
with pink and slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Brazil, Sao Paulo {D. Jones), 2 5 • Exp. 34 millim. 

*4721. Acylita sanguifusa. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 3.) 
Boryodes sanguifusa, D. Jones, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1903, p. Ifi5. 

c5' . Head and thorax ochreous suffused with rufous ; pectus 
whitish ; legs brown ; abdomen white slightly irrorated with 
brown. Fore wing whitish suffused with bright pink ; a deep 
pink fascia in cell and thence obliquely to apex ; the inner area 
deep pink; the terminal area with deep pink streaks in the inter- 
spaces. Hind wing white, the terminal area faintly irrorated with 
ochreous ; the underside with the costal area suffused with 
ochreous. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Paraiia, type f in Coll. D. Jones. Exp. 
26 millim. 

VOL. IX. I 



306 



N0CTTTID5!. 



4722. Acylita ducinfisldi. 

Doryodes duJc'mfieldi, Scbaus, Trans. Am. Eat. Soc. xxi. p. 235 (lS9i). 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous suffused with red-hrown ; abdo- 
men ochreous. Pore wing bright pink ; the costal edge ochreous ; 




'Fxg.llS— Acylita ducwfiekU, 2- t- 

a slight white streak on median nervure and bases of veins arising 
from it. Hiud wing white verj' faintly tinged with brown. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana (Z). Jones), 1 $ . Exi>. 30 millim. 

*4723. Acylita disticta. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 4.) 

Doryodes dlstida, D. Jones, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1908, p. 164. 

(S . Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; pectus and hind legs 
wliitish, fore and mid legs and hind tarsi at extremity fuscous 
brown ; abdomen white tinged with ochreous and slightly irrorated 
with fuscous. Fore wing brownish ochreous sparsely irrorated 
with black ; black points in middle of cell and on discocellulars ; 
sligiit fuscous points above and below submedian fold just beyond 
middle ; a faint diffused oblique fuscous streak from apex to just 
beyond discoidal point and a diffused oblique subterminal line from 
below apex to submedian fold ; a termiinal series of black points. 
Hind wing white suffused with ochreous except on inner area ; 
cilia white ; the underside white, the costal area suffused with 
ochreous and slightly irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Prazil, Castro Paraiia, type f in Coll. D. Jones. Exp. 
26 millim. 



*4724. Acylita monosticta. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 5.) 
Doryodes monosticta, D. Jones, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1908, p. 164. 

S . Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; pectus white ; legs 
brownish ochreous ; abdomen white tinged with ochreous and 
slightly irrorated with fuscous. Fore wing brownish ochreous 
faintly tinged with red and vei-y slightly irrorated with brown ; 
a black discoidal point ; traces of an oblique diffused red fascia from 
apex to discocellulars. Hind wing white suffused with ochreous ; 
the underside white, the costal area suffused with ochreous. 

Hah. Brazii,, Castro Parana, type t in Coll. D. Jones. Exp. 
24 millim. 



XEOLITA. EnYXCnOLITA. 307 

Geuus NEOLITA, nov. 

Tjpe, N. per stria fa. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi porrect, extending about twioe the length of 
liead and broadly fringed with hair above and below ; frons smooth with tuft 
of hair; eyes large, round; antennae of male ciliated; thorax clothed with 
hair and scales mixed and without crests; build slender; tibiaj smoothly 
scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing narrow, the apex produced, tiie 
terinen obliquely curved and not crenulate ; vein 3 from well before angle of 
cell; 5 from above angle ; 6 from below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked ; 5 obsolescent from middle of 
dis^cocellulars ; 6, 7 on a long stalk ; 8 anastomosing with the cell to near 
middle. 



4725. Neolita perstriata, u. sp. 

d . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white ; palpi tinged 
with rufous and with slight brown streak at sides ; legs tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing ochreous white slightly tinged with rufous and 
irrorated with brown, the costal edge brownish ; a subbasal black 
point in cell ; traces of a curved antemedial series of black points : 
a black point in middle of cell and another on discocellulars ; a 




Fig. 129.— Xeolita peniriata, J. \. 

diffused red-brown fascia from apex to lower angle of cell ; a post- 
medial series of slight black points on the veins, strongly bent out- 
wards below eosta, then obliquely curved to inner margin ; a 
terminal sei'les of black points. Hind wing yellowish white : a 
terminal series of black j)oints from apex to vein 2 ; the underside 
with the costal area faintly tinged with rufous. 

Hah. Brazil, Eio Janeiro, 2 (S type, Exp. 22 millim. 



Genus RHYNCHOLITA, nov. 

Type, R. atripuncta. 

Proboscis aborted, minute; palpi porrect, the 2nd joint extending about 
three times length of head and fringed with hair above and below, the ord 
moderate; frons smooth, with tuft of hair; eyes large, round; antenute of 
male ciliated ; thorax clothed with scales and hair mixed and without crests ; 
tibiiP. slightly fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing narrow, 
the apex somewhat produced and acute, the termen obliquely curved and not 
crenulate ; veins 3 and 6 from near angle of cell ; 6 from below upper angle ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 shortly stalked ; 
5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; G, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anasto- 
mosing with the cell to near middle. 



308 XOCTTJID.I. 

4726. Rhyncholita atripuncta, n. sp. 

Head and thorax greyish ochreoua slightly tinged with rufous 
and irrorated with fuscous ; abdomen whitish tinged with brown. 
Fore wing greyish ochreous slightly tinged with rufous and 
irrorated with fuscous ; subbasal line represented by black points 
on subcostal and median nervures ; a curved antemedial series of 
black points ; orbicular and reniform small, black, the former 
rather elongate elliptical, the latter round ; a postmedial series of 




Fig. 130. — Ehyncholita atripuncta, J. \. 

black points, strongly bent outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, 
then incurved ; a terminal series of black points. Hind wing white 
with a faint flesh-coloured tinge ; a small black discoidal spot, post- 
medial series of striae on the veins and terminal series of striae ; the 
underside with the costal and terminal areas tinged with brownish 
ochreous. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform with whitish 
centres and black annuli. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Paraiia {D. Jones), 1 d" , 2 $ type. E.vp. 
22 millim. 



Genus AMOLITA. 

Type. 

Amolita, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 158 (1S74) fessa. 

Parvapenna, Kaye, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1901, p. \'-d senlalis. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to vertex of 
head and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3rd short ; frons smooth ; 
eyes large, round ; antennae of male typically bipectinate with moderate 
branches to apex ; thorax clothed with scales and hair mixed and without 
crests; build slender ; ttbije smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore 
wing with the apex slightly produced and acute, the termen evenly curved and 
not crenuLite ; vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6 
I'rom upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 shortly stalked : f> obsolescent from middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with tlie cell near base only. 

Sect. I. Antennae of male bipectinate with moderate branches to apex, 

A. Fore wing with brown fascia from base through the cell to 

apex. 

a. Fore wing white tinged with brown perstriata. 

h. Fore wing yellow suffused with rufous fessa. 

B. Fore wing with oblique brown band from apex to middle 

of inner margin. 

a. Fore wing slightly irrorated with black sentalis. 

b. Fore wing very strongly irrorated with black irrorata. 



AMOLITA. 309 

4727. Amolita perstriata, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 6.) 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white ; palpi pale 
rufous ; fore and mid legs and hind tarsi tinged with brown. Fore 
wing ochreous white sparsely irrorated with black ; a faint brownish 
fascia in cell ; two minute black points in upper part of middle of 
cell and two at upper angle ; the interspaces of costal area tinged 
with brown towards apex ; a faint diffused brown fascia from 
termen below apex to submedian fold where it terminates in a 
black point ; a terminal series of black points. Hind wing white 
faintly tinged with ochreous. Underside of fore wing and costal 
area of hind wing tinged with ochreous, the costa and termen of 
both wings slightly irrorated with brown ; both wings with 
terminal series of black points. 

Hab. Bahamas (Bonhofe), 1 $ type. £".17^. 22 millim. 

4728. Amolita fessa. 

Amolita fessa, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 158 (1874); Smitli, 
Cat. Noet. N. Am. p. 193. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ochreous ; antennae more fulvous ; 
fore and mid legs tinged with brown. Fore wing pale ochreous 
tinged with rufous except on costal area and sparsely irrorated with 
brown ; the costal edge brownish ; a diffused brown fascia from 
close to base along median nervure and thence oblicjuely to apes ; 
a slight brown fascia along inner margin to beyond middle where it 




Fig. 131. — Amolita fessa, c? 



is met by an oblique brown baud from termen below apex formed 
of rather diffused marks in the interspaces ; a black point in middle 
of cell and another on discocellulars ; a terminal series of black 
points. Hind wing ochreous white slightly irrorated with brown ; 
a terminal series of brown points. Underside of fore wing and 
costal area of hind wing tinged with ochreous and irrorated with 
brown. 

Hab. U.S.A., Massachusetts, New York {Burg), 1 cJ , 2 $ type, 
Distr. of Columbia, Texas, ? Florida. Exp. ^ 28, $ 34 millim. 

4729. Amolita sentalis. 

Parvapenna sentalis, Kaye, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1901, p. 129, pi. vi. f. 7. 
Amolita obliqua, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xxix. p. 222 (1903). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ochreous irrorated with a few 



310 NOCTUIDJE. 

black scales ; palpi rufous except at tips ; pectus and legs tinged 
with rufous. Fore wing ochreous yellow faintly tinged with 
rufous except on costal area and sparsely irrorated with black ; a 
black point in upper part of middle of cell and another at upper 
angle ; an oblique diffused rufous fascia from apex to inner margin 
before middle and another browner fascia from terraen below apex 
to inner margin beyond middle, formed by rather diffused marks 
in the interspaces ; a terminal series of black points ; cilia rufous. 
Hind wing ochreous white with terminal series of black points from 
apex to vein 2. Underside of fore wing except inner area and costal 
area of hind wing ochreous tinged with rufous and irrorated with 
black ; hind wing with black discoidal point, 

Ab. 1. Pore wing with the point at end of cell double. 

Hab. U.S.A., Florida (ScJians), 1 (5', Enterprise, 2 cT , Hastings 
(Kearfott), 1 (5, cotype obliqua, Texas, Harris Co., 1 c^ • Panama, 
Cana Mines (Tylecote), 1 cJ type; Trinidad (Kaye, Urich), 8 c5' , 1 $ ; 
Brazil, Sao Paulo {D. Jones), 1 J , 3 $ . Exp. d 20-2G, $ 24- 
30 millim. 

4730. Amolita irrorata, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 7.) 

S . Head and thorax pale ochreous mixed with brown ; palpi 
slightly tinged with rufous ; pectus and legs suffused with brown ; 
abdomen ochreous dorsaliy suffused with brown, ventrally irrorated 
with brown. Fore wing pale ochreous slightly tinged with reddish 
brown and thickly irrorated with black ; a black point in middle of 
cell and another on discocellulars ; a diffused oblique black-brown 
fascia from apex to inner margin before middle and another 
narrower fascia from termen below apex to inner margin bevond 
middle ; a terminal series of black points ; cilia with diffused 
blackish line through them. Hind wing ochreous white ; a 
terminal series of black points from apex to vein 2 ; cilia with a 
faint brown line through them except towards tornus. Underside 
of fore wing suffused with brown ; hind wing with the costal area 
irrorated with brown, a black discoidal point. 

Bah. Paraguay, Sapucay (Foster), 5 J type ; Argentina, Goya 
(Perrins), 1 c5' . Exp. 26-32 millim. 

Sect. II. Anteuna} of male strongly laminate. 

4731, Amolita roseola. 

Amolita roseola, Smith, Trans. Am. Ent. See. xxix. p. 223 (1903). 

(^ . Head and thorax ochreous white, the vertex of thorax 
faintly tinged with pink; palpi rufous except at tips; antennae 
rufous ; pectus and legs rufous ; abdomen ochreous white tinged 
with rufous towards extremity and on ventral surface. Fore wing 
]iale ochreous ; the costal area faintly tinged with pink ; a faint 
pinkish fascia through the cell and thence obliquely to apex; a 



AMOLITA. 



311 



black point in upper part of middle of cell and two at upper angle ; 
an antemedial black point in submedian fold and a minute streak in 
middle of fold ; a faint oblique pinkish fascia from apex to sub- 
median fold beyond middle ; a terminal series of black points. 




Fig. \Z2.—Amolita roseola, (^ . \. 

Hind wino: yellowish white. Underside of fore wing and costal area 
of hind wing suffused with bright pink. 

Hah. U.S.A., Florida, Hastings {Kcarfoit), 1 6 cotype, Texas, 
Harris Co., 1 c? . Exp. 22 millim. 



Sect. III. Antenna of male ciliated. 

4732. Amolita nyctichroa, n. sp. 

S . Head and thorax reddish brown tinged with grey ; abdomen 
dorsally grey-brown, ventrally ochreous. Fore wing greyish 
ochreous almost wholly suffused with dark brown and slightly 
irrorated with black ; a faint diffused brown fascia below median 
nervure and thence obliquely to apex with a pale fascia above it 
from middle of cell to apex ; blackish points in and beyond lower 
angle of cell ; a curved postmedial series of minute black streaks on 




Fig. 133. — Amolita nyctichroa, J !• 

the veins ; a terminal series of black points ; cilia white tinged with 
ochreous. Hind wing glossy brown ; cilia white tinged with 
ochreous. Underside of fore wing grey irrorated with brown, the 
disk suffused with brown ; hind wing grey irrorated with brown, a 
faint diffused brown subterminal line, a terminal series of black 
points from apex to vein 2. 

Hab. Uktjguay, Colon (Oldfield Thomas), 1 c? type. Exp. 
20 millim. 



312 



ITOCTTJIDiE. 



Genus CILLA. _ 

Type. 

Cilia, Grote, N. Am. Ent. i. p. 99 (1880) distema. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint 
reacliing about to middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair above and 
below towards extremity, the 3rd porrect ; frons smooth with tuft of hair ; eyes 
large, round ; antennce ot male with cilia and bristles ; thorax clothed with 
scales and hair mixed and without crests ; build slender ; tibite moderately 
fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex some- 
what produced and acute, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 
3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from 
angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 
li'om upper angle ; 8 ana.stomosing with the cell near base only. 

4733. Cilia distema. 

Ctlla distema, Grote, N. Am. Ent. i. p. 99 (1880) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. 
N. Am. p. 193. 

Head and thorax white ; palpi tinged with rufous ; frons rufous 
at sides ; fore and mid tibiae and tarsi tinged with rufous ; hind 
legs and abdomen yellowish white. Fore wing white, the terminal 
area tinged with yellowish ; the veins faintly tinged with brown ; 
small hlack spots in middle of cell and on discocellulars ; an 




Fig. \o\.— Cilia distema, J. i. 

obliquely curved postmedial series of brown points on veins 7 to 1 ; 
a terminal series of black points ; cilia slightly mixed with brown. 
Hind wing yellowish white. Underside of fore wing except inner 
area and the hind wing suffused with ochreous yellow. 
1^ Ab. 1. Fore wing without the postmedial series of points. 
Bah. U.S.A., Texas, 1 c? , 3 $ type. Exp. 24-28 millim. 



Genus DANTONA. 

J vpe. 

Dantona, Wlk. xix. 1021 (18r)9) stillata. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint 
reaching to about middle of frons and fringed with scales in front, produced to a 
point at extremity with the rather long porrect 3rd joint resting on it; frons 
smooth with sharp tuft of hair ; eyes large, round ; antennae of male with long 
bristles and cilia; thorax clothed chiefly vith scales and without crests; 
tibije moderately fringed with hair; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with 
the apex rectangular, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and o 



DANTONA. 313 

from near augle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 
8 to form the areola; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discooellulars ; 6,7 from 
upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base oulj. 

4734. Dantona stillata. 

Nonagria stillata, Guen.Noct. i. p. 107 (1852). 

Nonayria discei-pia, Wlk. xi. 712 (1857). 

Luphygma pnnclifinis, Wlk. xi. 721 (1857). 

Laphygma conqresm, Wlk. xv. 1()77 (1858). 

Dantona busalis, Wlk. xix. 1021 (1859). 

Nonagria inferna, Schaus, Pr. U.S. Nat. Miia. xxx. p. 101 (1906). 

S . Head and thorax fuscous black mixed with some grey ; 
palpi whitish tit tips; antennae whitish; pectus and legs greyer; 
abdomen whitish tinged with brown. Fore wing fuscous brown 
suffused with glossy grey and slightly irrorated with black ; a black 
streak below base of cell ; a black point in middle of cell and a 
slight black discoidal lunule with white point at lower angle of cell 
with short black streak before it above median nervure ; post- 
medial line represented by a series of small dentate black marks, 
oblique from costa before apex to submedian fold, then bent 
inwards above inner margin ; a terminal series of small black 
luuules. Hind wing white tinged with reddish brown at apex or 
almost entirely suffused with brown ; a fine dark terminal line ; 





Y\g. 135. — -Dantona stillata, c?. {. 

cilia white tinged with brown at apex ; the underside with the 
costal area suffused with reddish brown, the terminal area irrorated 
with brown. 

5 . Hind wing entirely suffused with fuscous brown. 

Ab. 1. punciijims. Head, thorax, and fore wing much browner 
and less fuscous. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing with whitish streak in discal fold from 
orbicular to postmedial line ; hind wing more uniformly suffused 
with brown in male. 

Ab. 3. inferna. Eore wing with slight black streak in discal 
fold from orbicular to postmedial line and with the black streak in 
lower end of cell : hind wing of male brownish white. 

Hah. Brazil, 1 S , type discerpta, Petropolis {Doer)., 1 c? , Rio 
Janeiro {Wihon), 12 c?, 1 $ , Organ Mts., Tijuca {Waijner), 1 S , 
1 2 , Castro Parana {D. Jones)., type f J inferna in Coll. U.S. Nat. 
Mus. ; Paeagtjat, Sapucay {Foster), 1 S ; Argentina, Gran Chaco 
( Wagner), 1 $ , Sta Fe ( Wafjner), 1 $ ; hab. ignotus, 1 (S , type 
punctifinis. Ed-j). 30-38 millim. 



314 NOCTUIDiE. 

Genus ACRAPEX. 

Type. 

Acrapex, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 286 (1894) jmsca. 

Acutipenna, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 287 (1894) acuminata. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and moderately fringed with scales in front, the 3rd short; 
frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennae of male typically ciliated ; thorax 
clothed with rough liair and hair-like scales aud without crests ; build slender; 
tibi£e moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base 
but without crests. Fore wing with the apex produced and acute, the termen 
obliquely curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 
from upper angle or areole ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 
7 often from beyond the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 usually 
shortly stalked ; 5 obsolescent from below middle of discocellulars or from or 
from near lower angle of cell ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

Sect. I. Antennre of male biserrate and fasciculate. 

4735. Acrapex exanimis. 

Carach-ina exanimis, Meyr. Faun. Hawaii, i. p. 153 (1899). 

Acrapex exsavguis, Lower, P. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. xxvi. p. 655 (1902). 

Head and thorax white slightly mixed with brownish ochreous ; 
palpi brown above ; antennae ochreous : abdomen white tinged with 
ochreous. Fore wing white tinged with reddish ochreous leaving 
fine white streaks on the veins ; a white fascia in discal fold from 
before middle of cell to termen : a whitish fascia in submedian 




Fig. 136. — Acrapex exanimis, (^ . \. 

fold ; a fine rufous terminal line ; cilia white with a faint brownish 
line at middle. Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the 
costal area tinged with ochreous. 

Hab. Queensland, Kuranda (Dodd), 1 $ , Brisbane {Turner), 
2 J , 2 $ , Mackay, type f 6 exsanguis in Coll. Lower ; Hawaii, 
Kona {Perkins), 1 $ type. Ex2). 26-32 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male with quadrate uniserrations. 

4736. Acrapex curvata. 

Acrapex curvata, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 306 (1902). 

Head and thorax ochreous white mixed with rufous ; abdomen 
ochreous white. Fore wing pale ochreous, the costal area suffused 



ACRAPEX. 315 

with rufous leaving the veins and costal cdp:e white, the inner area 
irrorated .with red-brown ; a white fascia above median nervure 
from near base, curved upwards beyond the cell to apex, with some 
dark suffusion before it on costa and an oblique dark fascia below it 
from termen below apex to vein 3 ; the upper discocellular defined 
by two minute black stria) ; a fine black terminal line ; cilia 




Fig. Vil.—Acrapex curvaia, i^ . J. 

yellowish white with a faint rufous line througli them. Hind 
wing nearly pure white with a slight brown terminal line ; the 
underside with the coslal area tinged with oohreous and slightly 
irrorated with brown. 

Hac. Br. E. Africa, Tana R. (CrawsUay), 1 S , Muani (BeUon), 
1 2 type ; Matabelelanj), Gwclo 11. (Oates). Exp. 26 millim. 

Sect. III. (Jcu/ipciina). Antcnnaj of male annulate aud ciliated. 

4737. Acrapex acuminata. 

Acutipcnna acumiitata, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 287(1894). 

c^ . Head and thorax ochreous mixed with brown ; palpi, frons, 
pectus in front, and fore legs dark brown ; abdomen ochreous 
white, fore wing pale ochreous slightly tinged with red-brown, 
the costa browner, the veins of costal area with slight pale streaks ; 
a rather difluscd brown fascia along median nervure to beyond end 
of cell where it meets an obli(iue brown fascia from termen below 




Fig. 138. -Acrapex acumivata, (^ . ] 

apex with a diffused pale fascia above it from apex ; a white fascia 
in discal fold from middle of cell to the oblique subterminal fascia - 
a fine brown terminal line ; cilia white with fine brown line at 
middle, mixed with brown at tips. Hind wing pure white • the 
underside with the costal area irrorated with brown. 

I/ab. Madras, Nilgiris {Hampson), 2 J type. Exp. 22-26 
millim. 



316 NOCTUIDJE. 

Sect. IV. (Acrapex). Antennae of male ciliated and not annulated. 

A. Fore wing with more or less developed oblique dark 

shade from termen below apex. 

a. Fore wing with white streak on median nervure ex- 

panding at extremity rhabdoneura. 

b. Fore wing without white .streak on median uervure ex- 

panding at extremity. 
«!. Fore wing with hooked white mark above median 

nervure in lower extremity of cell hamulifera. 

i>. F'ore wing without hooked white mark above median 
nervure. 
ci^. Hind wing fuscous black. 

a?. Fore wing nearly uniform deep rufous meiaphcea. 

Ifi. Fore wing paler with dark shade along median 

nervure expanding towards termen spoliafa. 

Ifi. Hind wing pale, usually more or less strongly 
tinged with fuscou.s. 
d^. Fore wing with dark shade along median 
nervure. 
«•*. Fore wing with the veins of costal ai"ea 
defined by slight dark streaks, 
a^. Fore wing with pale streaks on the veins 

of costal area only hrunnea. 

h^. Fore wing with pale streaks on all the 
veins. 
a^. Head and teguUc black. 

«'. Patagia black cdbivena. 

W. Patagia pale airiceps. 

b^. Head and tegulaj not black. 

ai. Fore wing ochreous white tinged 

with fuscous brown leucophlebia. 

hi. Fore wing pale pinkish rufous jrrisca. 

hK Fore wing with the veins of costal area not 

defined by dark streaks carnca. 

}fi. Fore wing without dark shade along median 

nervure rosfotinctit. 

B. Foi'e wing without oblique dark .shade from termen below 

apex cenujina. 

4738. Acrapex rhabdoneura, u. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 8.) 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ocbreous slightly tinged with 
rufous ; palpi dark brown. Fore wing pale ochreous slightly 
irrorated with brown ; the costal edge and interspaces of costal 
area suffused with reddish brown ; a diffused red-brown fascia in 
and below cell to near termen where it meets an oblique brown 
fascia from termen below apex to vein 2 with a pale oblique fascia 
before it from apex ; a white streak on extremity of median 
nervure slightly hooked on discocellulars ; the veins beyond the 
cell streaked with white to the subterminal fascia ; a fine red- 
brown terminal line ; cilia brown mixed with ochreous. Hind 
wing pure white ; the underside wath the costal area tinged Avith 
ochreous. 

Hah. Er. E. Africa, Eb Urru (Betton), 2 J , 1 $ type, Mukuuiu 
(Betton), 1 $ . Ex2^. 22-26 millim. 



31' 



4739. Acrapex hamulifera. 

Meliana hamulifera, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. ix. p. 01, pi. llil. f. 5 (1893) ; 
id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 286. 

Head and thorax ochreous, the head and tegulee slightly mixed 
with rufous ; abdomen ochreous. Fore wing ochreous, the costal 
and inner areas slightl}' irrorated with brown, the cell and area 
below it to submedian fold from base to the oblique subterminal 
line and apex thickly irrorated with brown and black leaving a 
whitish streak on median nervure and thence obliquelj' to apex, 
giving off a slight hook on discocellulars ; small very ill-defined 
black spots at middle of cell and in submedian fold ; traces of an 
oblique postmedial series of black points between veins 7 and 1 ; 
an indistinct diffused oblique subterminal line from termen below 
apex to inner margin ; a terminal series of small black lunules. 
Hind wing pale ochreous suffused with brown ; cilia whitish ; the 
underside ochreous white irrorated with brown, a brown discoidal 
spot, indistinct ra_ther diffused oblique postmedial line, and terminal 
series of striae. 

Hah. Ceylon, Newera Eliya {Green), 1 J type, Dickoya {Greeii), 
1 $ . Exp. m millim. 

4740. Acrapex metaphaea, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 9.) 

(S . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with rufous and mixed 
with some black-brown ; palpi dark brown ; abdomen dorsally 
dark brown, ventrally ochreous tinged with rufous. Fore wing 
rufous, the costal area, median nervuie and veins arising from it, 
and inner margin suffused with dark brown, slight white points in 
and beyond lower angle of cell ; traces of a subterminal series of 
black points, a slight oblique dark shade from termen below apex ; 
a terminal series of black points. Hind wing dark reddish brown, 
the cilia with fine pale line at base ; the underside greyish suffused 
and irrorated with fuseoiis. 

Huh. Mashonaland, Salisbury {Marshall, Bobbie), 2 J type ; 
Transvaal {Pead), 1 c? . Exjj. 26 millim. 

4741. Acrapex spoliata. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 10.) 

Nephopteryx spoliata, Wlk. xxvii. 63 (1863). 

(5' . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with rufous and mixed 
with some dark brown : palpi with the 2nd joint brown at sides ; 
abdomen dorsally dark brown, ventrally ochreous tinged with 
rufous. Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous, the costal area 
suffused with dark brown leaving slight pale streaks on the veins ; 
the median nervure and base of veins arising from it streaked with 
black- brown ; a black-brown streak in and be3ond lower angle of 
cell with white points on it before and beyond the angle ; a diffused 
oblique black-brown shade from termen below apex to vein 3 ; a 



318 NOCTUID.E. 

terminal series of slight bLick lunnles : cilia dark brown mixed 
Avith ochreous. Hind wing red-brown ; cilia whilisii at tips : the 
underside grey suffused with fuscous, traces of a dark discoidal spot 
and ditfuscd curved postmedial line. 

Hab. Sierra Leone {Morgan)^ 1 c? type ; Uganba, Ketoma 
(Doggett), 1 S •, Muleraa (Doggett), 1 J; Mashon aland, Salisbury 
{Marshall), 4 J • Exp. 22-24 millim. 



4742. Acrapex brunnea, n. sp, (Plate CXLIV. fig. 11.) 
Acrapex IcucopJilehia, Hmpsn. Ann. S. ACr. Mus. ii. p. 30(5 (1902), part. 

Head and tborax dark brown slightly mixed with ochreous ; 
thorax ochreous tinged with rufous; pectus and legs ochreous 
mixed with brown ; abdomen ochreous suffused with brown. Fore 
wing ochreous. the costal area suffused with red-brown leaving 
slight pale streaks on the veins ; a diffused brown streak along 
median nervure and thence to the subterminal oblique fascia, with 
two white points on it at lower angle of cell ; a slight brown streak 
below base of cell ; an oblique pale fascia from apex to discal fold 
with a diffused dark brown fascia below it from termen below apex 
to vein 3 with minute black streaks on it in the interspaces ; a 
terminal series of slight black lunules ; cilia ochreous mixed with 
brown and with brow^n line near base. Hind wing ochreous white, 
the veins and terminal area tinged with brown ; a fine brown 
terminal line ; cilia whitish with a slight brown line near base ; 
the underside whitish with the costal and terminal areas irrorated 
with reddish brown. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing more uniformly tinged with brown. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing without the white points at lower angle of 
cell. 

Hah. Br. E. Africa, Nairobi (Betfon), 3 (5 , Machakos ( Crawshay), 
5 S type : Uganda, Karasa (Betton), 1 c5" , Mulema (Doggett), 1 (^ , 
Ketoma (Doggett), 2 J ; Mashonaland, Salisbury (Marshall), 1 c? ; 
Gazaland, iit. Chirinda (Marshall), 1 6 ; Transvaal (Pead), 1 c? , 
(Jaiise), 1 c?; Natal, Karkloof (Marshall), 1 S , Estcourt (Hutchin- 
son), 3 J , 1 2 , Durban (Bowl-er, Gooch), 2 S ; Ceylon, Maskeliya 
(tie Mowbray), 1 J; Borneo, Pulo Laut (Doherty), 2 $; Br. N. 
Guinea, Owgarra(i¥eeZ;); Queensland, Gayndah, 1 $ ; S.Australia 
(Arnold), Id. Exp. 20-30 millim. 

4743. Acrapex albivena, n, sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 12.) 

S . Head and thorax black-brown mixed with some ochreous ; 
tarsi with slight pale rings ; abdomen pale ochreous mixed with 
brown. Fore wing ochreous whitish suffused and irrorated with 
black-brown leaving whitish streaks on the veins ; a whitish streak 
in discal fold from near base to near termen, then bent upwards to 
apex ; a diffused rufous fascia above vein 1 ; a terminal series of 



ACRAPEX. 319 

slight ])lnclv points ; cilia whitish at base, blackish at tips. Hind 
wing whitish suffused with fuscous brown ; the underside whitish 
irrorated with brown. 

Hah. C. Colony, Transkei {Miss F. Barrett)., 1 J type. Exp. 
38 millim. , 



4744. Acrapex atriceps, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 13.) 

(S . Head and tegulae black ; thorax ochreous tinged with rufous, 
with a black dorsal stripe ; pectus and legs dark brown, the hind 
tibise and tarsi ochreous above ; abdomen ochreous. Fore wing 
pale ochreous slightly tinged with rufous, the veins defined by 
brown streaks except on inner area beyond the obli(jue subapical 
fascia, the costal edge black-brown ; a diffused brown mark at 
lower angle of ceil with white points in and beyond the angle 
defined by some black scales ; an oblique brown fascia from termen 
below apex to vein 3 where it is diflfused inwards to lower angle of 
cell ; a terminal series of black striae ; cilia with black line at 
middle and mixed with black at tips. Hind wing ochreous white 
slightly tinged with red-brown ; cilia ochreous white with a faint 
brown line at middle ; the underside whitish slightly irrorated 
with brown, the costal area suffused with brown. 

Hah. Assam, Khasis, 1 S type. Exp. 26 millim. 

4745. Acrapex leucophlebia. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 14.) 

Acrapex leucophlebia, Hmpsn. Moths Inch ii. p. 287 (1894). 

Head and thorax ochreous mixed with brown ; abdomen ochreous 
white slightly irrorated with brown. Fore wing ochreous white 
irrorated with red-brown, the veins defined by slight brown streaks 
except on inner area ; a slight brown streak below basal half of 
cell ; the discocellulars with some brown points before and beyond 
Ihem ; a diffused obliipie whitish fascia from apex to discal fold 
with a brown shade below it from termen below apex, with short 
brown streaks on its inner edge above and below vein 5 ; a terminal 
series of minute black lunules ; cilia whitish at base, daik at tii)S. 
Hind wing ochreous white tinged with reddish brown except on 
costal area ; cilia ochreous white ; the underside ochreous white 
slightly tinged with red -brown. 

Hah. Madras, Nilgiris {Hampson). 2 S type ; Travancore, 
Pirmad (Mrs. Imray), 1 c? . Exp. 26-32 millim. 

4746. Acrapex prisca. 

Leucania prisca, Wlk. xxxv. 1953 (1866) ; Hmpsn. Motbs Ind. ii. p. 286. 
Senta cramhoicles, Moore, Lep. Oeyl. iii. p. 12, pi. 145. f. 6 (1884). 

Head and tegulse rufous mixed with dark brown : thorax 
ochreous tinged with rufous ; pectus and legs ochreous mixed with 



320 NOCTIJID^. 

brown ; abdomen brownish ochreous. Fore wing pale purplish 
rufous, the veins defined by slight brown streaks except on inner 
area ; a slight diffused brown mark at lower angle of cell ; an 
oblique postmedial series of slight dark points on veins 4 to 1 ; 
a faint oblique brownish fascia from termen below apex to vein 4 ; 




Fig. 1^9.— Acmpex prisca, S- \- 

a terminal series of black points ; cilia with brown line at middle 
and tips. Hind wing yellowish white slightly tinged with brown ; 
cilia yellowish white with faint brown line at middle. 

Ab. ]. Fore and hind wings much more suffused with brown. 

Hub. Travancore, Pirmad (Imrai/), 1 $ : Ceylojt, 3 $ type and 
type cramhoides, Pundaloya (Green), 3 § , Hakgalla (Green), 2 J. 
Exp. 30-38 millim. 

4747. Acrapex carnea. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 15.) 

Acrapex carnea, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. iii. p. 427 (1905). 

(S . Head and thorax brown slightly mixed with ochreous ; 
thorax ochreous tinged with rufous ; pectus, legs, and abdomen 
ochreous suffused with brown. Fore wing ochreous tinged with 
rufous ; a brown streak on median nervure except at base ; slight 
black streaks in and beyond lower angle of cell and a point at upper 
angle ; a whitish fascia in terminal half of cell and thence obliquely 
curved to apex; traces of an oblique postmedial series of dark 
points on veins 4 to 1 ; a brown shade from termen below apex 
with very slight dark streaks on its inner edge above and below 
vein 5 ; traces of a terminal series of black points ; cilia white 
tinged with brown and with faint brown line at middle. Hind 
win"- whitish suffused with brown, paler at base ; cilia white tinged 
with brown and Avith faint brown line near base ; the underside 
whitish suffused with fuscous brown. 

Hah. Basutoland, Mackacha, 10,000' (Crcnvshay), 2 ^ type. 
Exp. '28-30 millim. 

4748. Acrapex roseotincta, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 16.) 

5 . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with brown ; abdomen 
ochreous white. Fore wing pale oehreous yellow faintly tinged 
with rufous and the veins slightly streaked with rufous ; a slight 
blackish streak below basal half of cell ; some black scales at 
lower angle of cell ; an oblique postmedial series of black points on 



ACIUPEX. I^ONAGEIA. 321 

veins 6 to 1 ; an oblique diffused rufous fascia from termen below 
apex to vein 3 ; a slight brown terminal line ; cilia yellowish white 
with a faint brownish line througli them. Hind wing white faintly- 
tinged with ochreous : the underside white with the costal area 
tinged with ochreous. 

Hah. Ceylon, Maskeliya {Pole), 1 $ type. Exp. 22 millim. 



4749. Acrapex aenigma. 

Epiviecia mnigma, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 108. f. 47 (1874). 

Head ochreous white ; thorax pale pink ; pectus and legs 
yellowish white ; abdomen white, the ventral surface yellowish. 
Fore wing pale pink ; the costal edge white ; a white streak in 
discal fold from middle of cell to before termen at vein 5 ; a white 
streak in basal half of submedian fold; the veins of terminal half 
slightly streaked with white. Hind wing piire white ; the under- 
side with the costal area faintly tinged with pink. 

Hah. Natal, Colcnso (Jaiise), Id"; Basutolant), Masite (Cvrn/'- 
sJiay), 1 c? ; C. Colony, Annshaw (Miss F. Barrett), 1 J , 2 $ . 
Exp. 24-28 millim. 



Genus NONAGRIA. 



Type. 



Nonaqria. Oclis. Seiimett. Eur. iv. p. 82 (181()), iion clescr. ; 

Treit. Schinett. Eur. v. (2) p. 309 (1825) marilima. 

Chilodes, Herr.-Scbuff. Eur. Schmett. ii. p. 226 (1845) onaritima. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi obliquely upturned, slender, the 2nd joint 
i-eaching about to middle of frons, moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd 
moderate ; frons smootli ; eyes large, round ; antenna" of male ciliated ; thorax 
clothed with hair and hair-like scales, the pro- and metathorax with small 
spreading crests ; build slender ; tibiie moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen 
long, with lateral fringes of hair but without crests. Fore wing narrow and 
elongate, the apex somewhat produced and acute, the termen oblique from 
vein 3 to tornus, not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; fi from 
upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near 
base only. 

A. Fore wing with the veins of costal area streaked with white... marHima. 

B. Fore wing with the veins dark defined by slight pale streaks enervafa. 



4750. Nonagria inaritima. 

Nociua maritima, Tausch. Mem. Mosc. 1811, i. p. 178, pi. 13. f. 5; Staud, 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 188. 
Tortrix bipuncfana. Haw. Trans. Ent. Soc. i. p. 337 (1812). 
Noctua ulvcB, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 635-6 & 666-8 (1818)' 

Herr.-Schjiff. Eur Schmett., Noct. f. 397. 
Melia sericea, Curt. Brit. Ent. vi. p. 201 (1828) ; Stepb. 111. Brit. Ent 

Bausr. iv. p. 298. 
VOL. IX. T 



322 KOCTUID.E. 

Ilythia anella, Stepb. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. iv. p. 297 (1834). 
iSetita nigromaculafa, Schmidt, Stett. ent. Zeit. 1858, p. 3fil. 
Sentawismariensis, Schmidt. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1858, p. 361 ; Herr.-Schaff. 

Neue Schinett, p. 11, f. 73. 
Senta nigrocostata, Stand. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. 107 (1871). 
Senta nigristriata, Stand. Cat. Lep. Eur. p. 107 (1871). 

Head and thorax rufous tinged with grey ; pectus and legs 
ochreous white mixed with brown, the tarsi brown with pale rings ; 
abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing pale rufous, the veins, costal 
and inner areas irrorated with whitish and brown, the veins of 
costal area paler, the discal fold redder ; a subbasal black and 
white point in cell ; autemedial line represented by slight black 
points on the veins ; orbicular with its centre defined by black and 
white annulus interrupted at sides, round ; reniform defined by 
black and white points on inner side, very indistinctly defined on 
outer ; postmedial line represented by a series of black points on 




Fig. 140. — Konagria maritima, ^ . \. 



the veins, oblique below vein 4 ; traces of a subterminal line 
slightly excurved below vein 7 and at middle and bent outwards to 
tornus ; a terminal series of black points. Hind wing ochreous 
white with minute postmedial black streaks on veins 4 to 2 and 
terminal series of striae from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with 
the costal and terminal areas irrorated with brown, a black 
discoidal spot, postmedial series of points on the veins and 
terminal series of small lunules from apex to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. nigristriata. Fore wing with the interspaces of costal 
half streaked with black. 

Ab. 2. hipunctana. Fore wing with the orbicular and reniform 
filled in with black. 

Ab. 3. vismariensis. Fore wing with broad diffused black fascia 
in and below cell from base to subterminal line. 

Ab. 4. nifjricostata. Fore wing with the costal area broadly 
black. — Pomerania. 

Hah. Britain ; France, Sand Coll. ; Holland ; Denmark ; 
Germany, Zeller, Frey, and Leech Colls. ; Austria -, Hungary ; 
Russia. Exp. 28-38 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 124; Barrett, Lep. Brit. v. p. 98, pi. 196. f. 3. 

Ochreous with fine darker Hues. Food-plant, on leaves and in 
stems of Phragmites. 9-4. 



NONAGRIA. DOERRIESA. 323 

4751. Nonagria enervata. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 17.) 

Nonaqria enervata, Gueu. Noct. i. p. 105 (1852) ; Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. 

p. 183. 
Nonagria fodiens, G-uen. Noct. i, p. 105 (1852). 

(S . Head and thorax reddish brown suffused with grey ; palpi 
and legs fuscous brown ; abdomen grey tinged with red. Fore 
wing reddish brown suffused with grey ; a diffused blackish streak 
below base of cell ; antemedial line represented by faint black 
points on the veins, the reniform by a blackish mark at lower angle 
of cell, the postmedial line by a series of faint black points on the 
veins, oblique below vein 4 ; a terminal series of slight black 
points. Hind wing whitish tinged with red-brown. 

$ . Fore wing paler reddish, a somewhat browner fascia along 
median nervure, the veins of terminal half with slight dark streaks": 
the antemedial line more distinct, exeurved in interspaces and 
angled inwards on the veins ; reniform with black spots in upper 
and lower parts ; postmedial series of points double and distinct, 
strongly bent inwards to costa; terminal series of points distinct; 
hind wing whiter with indistinct diffused curved postmedial line ; 
the underside with small discoidal spots. 

Hab. U.S.A., Florida (Doubhdai/), 3 S,2 $ typo. Exp. 28-34 
millim. 



Genus DOERRIESA. 

Type. 

Bagonotia, Staud. Iris,xii. p. 372 (181)9), nee Grote, Lep. 1888 striata. 

Boerriesa, Staud. Iris,xii. p. 373 (181)9) striata. 

Proboscis aborted, minute; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to above 
vertex of head and fringed wi(h scales in front and behind at extremity, the 
3rd moderate; frons smooth ; eyes large, round; antenniB of female ciliated ; 
thorax clothed ahnost entirely with scales and without crests ; build slender; 
tibiffi sliglitly fringed with hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base but 
without crests. Fore wing with the apex produced and acute, the termen 
nearly straight and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle uf cell ; 6 
from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from below 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle 8 anastomosing with the cell 
to middle. 



4752. Doerriesa striata. 

Bagonotia striata, Staud. Iris, xii. p. 372, pi. G. f. 15 (1899) ; id. Cat. Lep. 
pal. p. 188. 

5 . Head white ; palpi purplish red ; thorax white suffused with 
purplish red ; abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing purplish red ; 
the costal edge white ; the cell streaked with ochreous white 
leaving a forked red streak in discal fold ; the submedian inter- 
space with ochreous white fascia, the fold defined by fine double 

■y2 



324 



noctuit)jj:. 



red streaks ; an indistinct pale streak on inner margin ; the veins 
and interspaces beyond the cell streaked with ochreous white with 
broader fascia above vein 4 ; cilia brown at base, pure white at tips. 




Fig. 1-41. — Boerriesa sfria/a, 5- !• 

Hind wing ochreous white ; the underside with the costal area 
slio-htlv tinged with red and irrorated with brown towards apex, 
some brown irroration on terminal area to vein 2. 

Ilab. E. SiiiEKiA, Araurland, 1 5 , Ussuri. Exj). 36 millim. 



Genus SESAMIA. 



Type. 



Scsamla,Guen.'Nnct. i. p. 95 (1852) vuferia. 

ijy jcrosc/» ^;-«, Butl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 155 pallida. 

Proboscis aborted, miutite; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about to 
middle of frons and fringed with long hair in front, the 3rd short ; frons 
smooth with tuft of hair; eyes large, round ; antennas of male typically bi- 
peetinate with rather short branches to apex; thorax clothed with hair only 
and without crests ; tibia fringed with rather long hair; abdomen with some 
rough hair at base but without crests. Foi'e wing with the apex rounded, the 
terraen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of 
cell • 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing wiih 8 to form the areole 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell or stalked 
5 obsolescent from middle of diseocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle or stalked 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. (Semmia). Antennre of male bipectinate to apex with rather short 
branches. 

A. Fore wing with dark terminal line. 

a. Fore wing ochreous tinged with rufous and with slight 

dark i i-roration vuteria. 

b. Fore wing ochreous not tinged with rufous and strongly 

irrorated with black calamistis. 

E. Fore wing with terminal series of black points conioia. 



4753. Sesamia vuteria. 

Phalena Valeria Stoll, Suppl. Cram. Pap. Exot. v. p. 161, pi. 36. f. 5 

(1783). 
Coasus nonagrioidcs, Lef. Ann. Soc. Linn. Pans, vi. p. 98, pi. 5 (1827); 

Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 190. 
yoiiagria hespcrica, Rmbr. Faun. And. pi. 18. IT. 1-3 (1839); Dup. Lep. 

Fr., Suppl. iii. p. 470, pi. 41. f. 2 ; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett, ii. p. 237, 

Noct. ff. 344-5. 
Lewama inccrta, Wlk. ix. 103 (1856). 



SE5AMJA. 325 

Nonaqria sacchari, VVlIstn. A. M. N. H. (3) i. p. 117 (1858); Beth.-Balior, 

Trans. Ent. Soc. 1891, p. 209, pi. 12. f. 4. 
Sesamia madagnscarieiisis, Saalm. Lep. Madag. p. 262 (1891). 

Head and thorax ochreous tinged "with rufous ; palpi luscous 
above ; abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing ochreous svifFused 
with rufous, the extremity of median nervure with faint diffused 
brownish streak with a faint ochreous point on it at lower angle 
of cell ; usually with slight antemedial point in submedian fold and 
curved postmedial series of points on the veins with other 
points before it in discal and submedian folds; a sliglit brown 




Fig. 142. — Seaamia vuteria, J. t- 

terminal line ; cilia ochreous white with two slight brown lines 
through them. Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the 
costal area faintly tinged with rufous and irrorated with brown. 

Hah. S.E. France; Spain, Zeller and Leech Colls. ; Cenir. Italy ; 
Algeria, Biskra (Mrs. Nicholl, ]V(dsingJiam), 2 $ ; Morocco, 
Tangier, 1 c? , Leech Coll. ; Madeira ( WoUaston), 1 c? type sacchari, 
Funchal {S. S. Flower), 1 ^ ; Canaries (Marsclen), 2 9 ; Congo 
Boma (Christi/), 1 $ ; Mashonaland, Salisbury (Marshall), 1 5 ; 
Natal (Gooch), 1 $ ; C. CoLONr (Sir A. Smith), 1 $ type incerta ; 
Madagascar ; Bourbon. Exp. 34-42 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 165; Hffin. Eaup. p. 105. 

Eeddish above, yellowish below. Foot-plauts, in stalks of Maize 
Corn, Eeed, Sugar-cane, &c. 6. 



4754. Sesamia calamistis, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 18.) 

Head and thorax pale ochreous mixed with brown especially on 
tegulse ; palpi browner ; abdomen white slightly tinged with 
brown. Fore wing pale ochreous irrorated with black-brown ; an 
antemedial black point in submedian fold ; a black discoidal point 
and a point in discal fold beyond the cell with slight ochreous streak 
between them ; a postmedial series of black points on the veins, 
excurved to vein 4, then oblique, with a point in submedian fold 
nearer base ; a rather punctiform black-brown terminal line not 
quite reaching apex and with faint brown shade before it ; cilia 
pale ochreous with slight brown lines at middle and near tips. 
Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the costal area slightly 
tinged with ochreous and irrorated with brown. 

Ilab. C. Colony, Grahamstown, 1 J , 1 $ type, Stellenbosch, 
1 5 . Ecvj^). 36 millim. 



326 KocTtriD-aE. 

4755. Sesamia coniota. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 19.) 
Sesamia coniota, Hnipsn. Ann S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 297 (1902). 

Head and thorax ochreous white with a faint rufous tinge ; 
palpi fuscous, pale at tips ; fore legs above, the spurs of mid and 
hind tibiae and the extremities of tarsi tinged with fuscous ; abdomen 
ochreous white. Fore wing pale ochreous with a faint rufous tinge 
and sparsely irrorated Avith black ; an antemedial black point in 
pubmedian fold ; traces of a black discoidal point ; a curved post- 
medial series of black points on the veins, ending with a point 
nearer base in submedian fold ; a terminal series of black points. 
Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the costal area tinged 
with ochreous. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury {MarsJiall, Bobbie), 4 J , 1 ? type ; 
C. Colony, Anushaw {Miss F. Barrett), 1 d . Bay. 18-24 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male bipectiuate with extremely short branches, the apex 
serrate. 

A. (Microsemyra). Hind wing with veins 3, 4 strongly stalked in male, from 
cell in female. 



4756. Sesamia pallida 

I, Butl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 155 

Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi tinged with fuscous above 



Microsemyra pallida, Butl. P. Z. S. 1883, p. 155; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 286. 




Fig. 143. — Sesamia pallida, J. \. 

abdomen white. Fore wing ochreous white irrorated with a few 
fuscous scales ; an antemedial black point in submedian fold ; traces 
of an obliquely curved postraedial series of points on the veins with 
more prominent black points before them in discal and submedian 
folds ; a terminal series of slight black points ; cilia with a slight 
dark line near base. Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly tinged with ochreous. 

Bab. Bombay, Mhow (SivinJioe), 1 d" , 1 $ type. Exp. d 22, 
2 24 millim. 

B. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from cell in both sexes. 

a. Fore wing with ante- and postmedial dentate lines rvhritincta. 

b. Fore wing without ante- and iDostinedial lines. 

a'. Fore wing with the costal area white alhicostata. 

f/ . Fore wing with the costal area not white inferens. 



327 



4757. Sesamia rubritincta. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 20.) 
Sesamia rubritincta, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Miis. ii. p. 442 (1902). 

S . Head and thorax ochreous suffused with fierj'- red especially 
on patagia and prothorax ; palpi, frous, pectus, and fore and mid 
legs fiery red ; abdomen ochreous tinged with fiery red especially at 
extremity and on ventral surface. Fore wing pale ochreous, the 
extremity of median nervure and veins of terminal half slightly 
streaked with brownish ; traces of a brownish subbasal line angled 
outwards below costa and ending at submedian fold ; a diftased 
antemedial pale fiery red patch below the cell ; anteraedial line 
fiery red, minutely dentate, excurved to median nervure, then 
curved inwards to base at vein 1, with red streak from it above 
and below submedian fold to the postmedial line ; some fiery red 
suffusion in and beyond end of cell with a small ochreous discoidal 
spot on it ; postmedial line fiery red, somewhat diff'used and dentate, 
excurved below costa, then oblique and angled inwards in submedian 
fold ; terminal area suffused with fiery red ; a diffused fuscous 
black subterminal line with rather dentate outer edge, narrowing 
to apex and ending below vein 3 ; a strigiform brown terminal 
line ; cilia pale ochreous slightly tinged with red. Hind wing 
white, the costal and inner areas, veins and cilia tinged with 
ochreous ; the underside with the costa tinged with red and with 
faint red postmedial bar from costa to vein 7. 

Hah. Basuxoland, Maseru (Wrotighton), 1 J type. Exj). 
46 millim. 



*4758. Sesamia albicostata. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 21.) 

Sesamia albicostata, Lower, Tr. E. Soc. S. Austr. xxix. p. 175 (1905). 

J . Head and thorax pale ochreous ; abdomen white. Pore 
wing pale ochreous sliglitly irrorated with fuscous, some black 
scales in submedian fold ; the costal area white. Hind wing 
pure white. 

Hab. YiCTOEiA, Ocean Grange, type f cS in Coll. Lower. Exp. 
30 millim. 

4759. Sesamia inferens. 

Leucania inferens, Wlk. ix. 105 (1856); Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 8, pi. 145 

f. 3; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 284. 
Leucania proscripta, Wlk. ix. 106 (1856). 

Sesamia alhiciliata, Sneil. Tijd. v. Ent. xxiii. p. 44, pi. 4. f. 3 (1880). 
Sesamia. tranquilaris, Butl. P. Z. S. 1880, p. 674. 
Nonagria gracilis, Biitl. P. Z. S. 1880, p. 675. 
Nonagria innocens, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 173. 

Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; abdomen white tinged with 
ochreous. Fore wing ochreous with a faint rufous tinge ; a diffused 



328 noctuid^t;. 

rufous sliade along median nervuro and thence to termen between 
veins 5 and 3; sometimes with antemedial dark]ioint in submedian 
fold and postmedial series ot dark points on the veins with i)oints 
before them in discal and submedian folds ; a fine brown terminal 
line ; cilia ochreous Avhite. Hind wing pure white ; the underside 
with the costal area tinged with ochreous. 




Fig. 144. — Sesa mitt ill fcrens, (^ . \. 

Ihth. Jatan, Yokohama {Pryer), 1 c? , 2 $ type innoceas, Tsu- 
shima (/S'ecio/tm), 1 2 ; Centr. China, ISTingpo (Leec/t), 1 c5',Iehang 
(Mrs. Pratt), 1 $ ; W. China, Chia-kou-ho (Pratt), 1 $ ; 
Formosa (Hohson), 3 d' , 2 5 , types tranquilaris and gracilis ; 
Bengal, Cawnpur (BeWon), 2 c5' , Fatehpur (Z/<?</on), 1 $; Assam, 
1 $; Madras, Coimbatore (Walhouse), 1 § ; Ceylon (Templeton, 
Green), 2 2 type, Puttalam (Pole), 1 $ ; Burma, Moulmein (Olerk), 
1 2 type proscripta, Kangoon (Scott), 1 c? , 2 $ , Irrawaddy R., 
Sheemagar {Carpenter), 1 $ ; Andamans, 1 $ ; Penang (hloiver), 
1 $ ; Singapore (i/wZ^f 7/), 1 cT , 1 $ ; Borneo, Sarawak ( PFaZZace), 
1 J, Kuching(/S'AeZ/ortZ), 1 c? ; Philipi'INES, Taytai (i>(?«ou;, 3 5 ; 
Celebes. Exp. 24-34 millim. 

Larva. Indian Mu.seum Notes, v. p, 178, pi. xii. f. 9. 

Cylindrical, tapering rather suddenly to head and less so to 
anal somite ; smooth, shining, flesh-coloured, with a few colourless 
bristles • the segments broadly and shallowly pitted ; head 
ferru"-iuous, the month-parts black ; spiracles black; dorsal vessel 
dark. Food-plant : Sugar-cane, in the stem of which it bores. 

Sect. III. AnteunjE of male serrate and fasciculate. 
A. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked in both sexes. 

47G0. Sesamia sabulosa, n. sp. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen white slightly naixed with brown. 
Fore wing ochreous white irroratcd with reddish brown ; 
ti'aces of antemedial dark points on costa, mediMU nervuro, and 
vein 1 ; a flight brownish shade in lower angle of cell and 
below and beyond the angle ; a postmedial series of blackish points on 
the veins, excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique ; a diffused 
broAvnish patch on costa towards apex and an oblique shade from 
termen at vein 6 to vein 4 ; a terminal series of dark strise ; cilia 
white mixed with brown and with brown line through them. Hind 



8ESA1MIA. 



329 



wing ochreous white faintly tinged with brown: tho underside 
with the costal and terminal areas irrorated with reddish brown, a 
small brown discoidal spot. 




Fig. 145. — Sesamia sahulosa, ^j". ';. 

Hah. Uganda, IVIulema (Do(j(/ett), 2 J type, Keloma {Do(j(/ct(.), 
1 $ . Exp. 20 millim. 

B. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from cell. 

a. Fore wing siifTiised with riit'ous riifcscens. 

h. Fore wiug not sul'l'usyd with rulburi cpiuiclij'era. 



4761. Sesamia rufescens, n. sp, (riatc CXLIV. fig. 22.) 
Head and thorax ochreous tinged with bright rufous ; palpi 
except at tips and sides of frons blackish ; abdomen greyish suffused 
with dark brown. Tore wing ochreous suffused with bi'ight rufous, 
especially just below the cell and on inner half of terminal area, 
the median nervure and veins of terminal area defined on eacli side 
by dark streaks ; cilia black-brown. Hind wing whitish tinged 
with, brown, 

IJah. Natal, Durban (Leifjh, Clark), 4 J , 1 5 lype. Ki-^K 
32 millim. 

4762. Sesamia epimctifera. 

Sesamia epimctifera, Hinpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Miis. ii. p. 2t)8 (11)02). 

Head and thorax ochreous mixed with dark brown ; palpi 
with the 2nd joint blackish above ; abdomen white irrorated with 




Fig. 140. — Sesamia epunctifcra, (^ . 



dark brown. Fore wing ochreous white thickly irrorated with black- 
brown, the veins with pale streaks ; usually with black antemedial 
point in submodian fold, discoidal point and point in discal fold 
beyond the cell ; a terminal series of rather lunulate black points; 
cilia while mixed with brown and wath slight brown line at middle. 



330 NOCTUID^. 

Hind wing white, the terminal area sparsely irrorated with dark 
brown ; a terminal series of black-brown striae from apex to 
submedian fold ; the underside with the costal area sparsely irrorated 
with dark brown. 

Bab. iSuDAN, White Nile; Ee. E. Africa {Gregory), 1 $, Athi- 
ya-Mawe (Betton), 1 $; Natal, Durban (Zei^^), 2 c? ; Basutoland, 
Masite {C rawshay), 1 $; C. Colony, Annshaw {Miss F. Barrett), 
4 cS type. Exp. 22-28 millim. 

Sect. IV. Antennte of male with fasciculate cilia. 

A. Fore wing suffused with pink. 

a. Fore wing with pale streaks on the veins. 

a'. Fore wing without black point in lower angle of cell , twnioleuca. 

bK Fore wing with black point in lower angle of cell ... albavena. 
h^. Fore wing without pale streaks on the veins tosta. 

B. Fore wing not suflfused with pink. 

a}. Fore wing ochreous slightly tinged with rufous cretica. 

b^. Pore wing ochi-eous slightly tinged with olive uniformis. 

c'. Fore wing yellowish white irrorated with brown gracilia. 

4763. Sesamia taenioleuca. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 23.) 

Tapinostola tmnioleuca, WUgrn. Svensk. Akad. Handl. v. 4, p. 58 (1866). 

c? . Head and thorax purplish pink; palpi brownish; pectus 
brownish white ; abdomen ochreous white suffused with pink. 
Pore wing purplish pink ; costal edge whitish ; a white streak in 
submedian fold from base to just before termen ; a white streak in 
discal fold from middle of cell to just before termen narrowing to 
points at extremities ; cilia brownish with fine white line at base 
and tinged with pink at tips. Hind wing white, the terminal half 
tinged with pink ; cilia white at base, tinged with pink at tips ; the 
underside with the costal area and terminal half tinged with pink. 

Hah. Masuonaland, Salisbury {Marshall), 3 S ; Damaraland, 
Kuisip; Transvaal (Pe;a(?), 1 S- Exp. 42 millim. 



4764. Sesamia albavena. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 24.) 

Sesamia albavena, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 297 (1902). 

Head and thorax ochreoiis white slightly tinged with pink ; palpi 
fuscous brown ; pectus, legs, and abdomen ochreous white, the fore 
tibiae brownish above. Fore wing pale purplish pink, the terminal 
area darker, the veins slightly streaked with white ; a diffused pale 
fuscous streak above and below median nervure and thence to 
termen between veins 5 and 4 ; a black point in lower angle of cell 
and slight postmedial points in discal and submedian folds ; cilia 
white with diffused brown line near base and fine lines near and at 
tips. Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the costal area 
suffused with pale pinkish. 

Hah. Uganda, Kuwenzori, 1 cJ ; Mashonaland, Salisbury 
{Marshall, Bobbie), 7^,62 type, Umtali, 2 ^ , 1 5 , Sebakwe, 



8E8AMIA. 331 

1 6 ; Transvaal, White E. (Cooke), 1 d', Kranspi^z {Janse), 1 6 , 
Gemsbokfontein {Janse), 1 § ; Natal, Estcourt (Hutchinson), 1 c? • 
Exp. 26-34 millim. 

* 4765. Sesamia tosta. 

Sesamia tosta, Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. xv. p. 50, pi. iv. f. 8 (1872). 

5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous tinged with pink. Fore 
■wing ochreous suffused with pink except on costal area. Hind 
wing white, the termen slightly tinged with yellow. 

hah. Le. Guinea. Exp. 24 millim. This species is unknown 
to me. 

4766. Sesamia cretica. 

Leucania hesperica. Fit. Neue Beitr. vi. p. '62, pi. 501, f. 2 (1852), nee 

Rmbr. 
Sesamia cretica. Led. Noct. Eur. p. 225 (1857) ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal 

p. 190. 
Konagria cyrnasa, Mab. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1866, p. 559, pi. 8. f. 7, & 1867, 

p. 640, pi. 14. f. 1. 
Sesamia fraterna, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 103 (1882) ; Hmpsu. Moths Ind. 

ii. p. 284. 
Sesamia striata, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 27. 

Head and thorax pale ochreous tinged with rufous ; palpi, sides 
of frons, and fore femora above brownish ; abdomen ochreous white. 
Fore wing pale ochreous tinged with rufous especially on terminal 
half, the veins with slight pale streaks ; faint fuscous streaks above 
and below cxtiemity of median nervure and beyond the cell, 




Fig. 147. — Sesamia cretica, S- \- 

above and below vein 4 ; sometimes with slight antemedial dark 
point in submedian fold and postmedial series of points on the veins 
with points before them in discal and submedian folds ; a fine brown 
terminal line ; cilia ochreous tinged with rufous with fine pale lines 
at base and middle. Hind wing pure white. 

Ab. 1. striata. Fore wing with dark streak below base of cell 
and streaks on the veins of terminal area. — Asia Minor, Syria, 
W. Turkestan. 

Hal. Corsica, Leech Coll.; Centr. Ilalt ; Dalmatia, Frey 
& Leech Colls. ; Crete ; Egypt, Dabod ( Wood- Jones), 1 $ ; Sudan, 
Khatoiim (Zaphiro), 1 $ , Blue Nile (S. 8. Floiver), 1 6 , Gondokoro 
{Reijnes-Cole), 1^,2$; B.vsutoland, Masite (Weigall), 1 d; 
Aden (Yerlury, Nurse), 3 J, 1 $ ; Asia Minor, Taurus; Syria, 



332 



XOCTUIDJi:. 



2 9, Leecli Coll.; \V. Turkestan, Turcomania, Ferj^ana; Pu.vjvr, 
Dharmsala (HocHng), 1 5 type fraterna, Kangra (Dudfjeoa), 1 5? 
SiKHiM, ISOO' {Dudgeon), 1 $ . Exy. 30-42 millira. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p. 166 ; Hffm. Raup. p. 105. 

Ochreous whitish ; head rufous, spiracles black. Foocl-plaut, in 
stalks of Maize, 

4767. Sesamia uiiiforaiis. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 25). 

Nonagria uiiiformis. Dudgeon, J. Bomb. Soc. xvi. p. 402 (1905). 

Head and thorax pale ochreous slightly tiaged with brown ; palpi 
fuscous, whitish below ; frons tinged with fuscous ; fore and mid 
legs irrorated with fuscous ; abdomen ochreous white. Fore wing 
olive ochreous sparsely irrorated witli dark brown ; an antemedial 
black point in submedian fold ; a slight diffused fuscous shade on 
extremity of median nervure and just beyond lower angle of cell ; 
a slight black point in lower angle of cell and another in discal fold 
just, beyond diseocellulars ; postmedial black points in discal and sub- 
median folds with traces of a curved series of points beyond them 
on the veins ; a fine blackish terminal line not (juite reaching apex 
and tornus ; cilia ochreous white with faint brownish lines near 
base and tips. Hind wing pure white ; the underside with the costal 
area slightly tinged with ochreous and irrorated with brown. 

Hah. Bengal, Burogah {Maclcenzie), 1 d" , 1 $ t.vpe, Cawnpur 
(Bction), 1 c? ; Bombay, Surat. Exjj. d 32, $ 34-38 millim. 

Larva. Destructive to Sugar-cane. 

*476S. Sesamia gracilis. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 20.) 

Tapinosfola gracilis, Rebel, Ann. Naturh. Hofiuus. Wien, xiii. p. 3G5 
(1898) ; Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 189. 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen white slightly tinged with rufous. 
Fore wing yellowish white irrorated with brown, the median nervure 
streaked with brown, the veins of terminal area with pale streaks ; 
cilia white. Hind wing pure white. 

Hah. Canaries, Sta. Cruz, type t 6 in Mus. Vienna. Emj). 
28 millim. 

Genus ARGYROSPILA. 

Type. 

Argyrospila, Herr.-SchaflP. Eur. Sclimett. ii. p. 374 (1847) sticcinea. 

rroboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, slender, the 2nd joint hardly 
reaching to middle of frons and moderately fringed with hair in front, tlie 
ord short ; frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenn;\i of male ciliated ; 
thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales, the prothorax with spreading 
crest, the metathorax without crest; build slender; tibiae moderately fringed 
witli hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex somewhat produced, 
the termen obliquely curved and hardly crenulate; veins 3 and 6 from near 
angle of cell; (i from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form 
the areole ; 1 1 from cell. Hind wing with veins .'1, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 ob- 
solescent from middle of diseocellulars ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the 
cell near base only. 



AEGYROSPII.A. — ORIA. 333 

4709. Argyrospila succinea. 

Xcciiia cSWC^ra.Esp.'Scliuif tt. iv. 2, p. S7. p). IPO. f. ?> (ITnn) : Stand. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 189. 
Leucojiia iiiaculaia, Et. Faun. Volg. Ur. p. 207 (1844). 

Head and thorax white, the latter tinged with ochrcous on oiiter 
edge and behind ; legs tinged with ochrcous ; abdomen white tinged 
with ochreous. Fore wing ochrcous tinged with rufous ; a white 
streak in base of cell, the base of inner area white; an elliptical 



Fig. 148. — Argyrosjnla succinea, c?. \. 

antemedial white patch in submedian interspace connected wilh 
inner margin by an ill-defined line ; orbicular white, round ; reniform 
an oblique white lunule with blackish point at lower angle of cell, 
its upper extremity rather produced, its lower rather dilated on 
inner side, some whitish above it on costa ; an irregular oblique 
white band from apex to inner margin beyond middle, obscurely 
forked at apex, tending to form dentate marks on the veins, inter- 
rupted at discal fold and dilated on inner area ; the veins of terminal 
area with white streaks intersecting the cilia and beceming shorter 
towards apex. Hind wing white tinged with ochreous especially on 
terminal area ; cilia white. 

Ab. 1. olivacea, Bang-Haas, ined. Fore wing much greener. — 
W. Turkestan, 

Bab. Russia, Urals, Zeller Coll. ; Arsienia, Caucasus, 1 5 ; 
W. Turkestan, Turcomania, Juldus, 1 c? , Issyk-Kul ; E. Turkestan, 
Hi. E.v2y. 28-34 millim. 



Genus ORIA. 

Tvpe. 

Oria, HiJbn. Verz. p. 240 (1827) inusculom. 

Synia, Dup. Cat. Meth. p. 120 (1844) nniscnlosa. 

2(qyiiwstola, Led. Ndct. Eur. p. 123 (1857) rin(iicuIo!<a. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely porrect, extending about the length 
of head, the I'nd joint fringed with long hair below, the 3rd downturned ; irons 
smooth ; eyes large, round ; antenna of uiale typically somewhat laminate and 
ciliated ; thorax clothed with hair only and without crests : tibife fringed with 
long hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base but without crests. Fore 
wing with the apex rounded, the termen obliquely curved and not crenulate ; 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; (> fiom upper angle ; 9 from 10 anasto- 
mosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 6 obsolescent from below middle of discocelliilars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



334 NOCTUlDiE. 

Sect. I. AnteiinjK of male bipectinate with short branches, the apex serrate. 

4770. Oria myodea. 

Synia myodea, Rmbr. Cat. Lep. S. And. pi. 6. f. 3 (1858) ; Staucl. Cat. Lep. 
pal. p. 18:). 

Head and thorax white tinged with pale rufons ; abdomen white 
tinged with oohreous brown. Fore Aving ])ale ochreous brown, the 
veins with darker streaks, especially the median nervure ; an 
elongate whitish streak in submedian fold representing the clavi- 
form, defined on medial area below and at extremity, where it is 




M 
Fig. 149. — Oria. wyodca, J. \. 

bent up to vein 2, by black scales ; a whitish streak in discal fold 
beyond the cell, narrowing towards termen ; cilia with fine whitish 
line at base and white tips towards tornus. Hind wing white 
tinged with ochreous brown, the veins with darker streaks ; cilia 
■white. 

Hah. Spain, Andalusia, Cadiz ; Morocco, Tangier [LeecJi), 1 S , 
1 2 • ^^i^. 32-36 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennje of male ciliated. 

A. Foi-e wing ochreous with whitish fasciie in discal and sub- 

median folds Tmisculosa. 

B. Fore wing yellow, the costal area tinged with pink flavescens. 

4771. Oria musculosa. 

Noctua musculosa, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. f. 363 (1808) ; Dup. L6p. 

Fr. vii. pt. 1, p. 341, pi. 120. f. 6; Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Scbniett., Noct. 

f. 392; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 189. 
Noctua nervosa, Haw. Lep. Brit. p. 176 (1809), nee Fabr. ; Steph. 111. Brit. 

Ent., Haust. iii. p. 82. 
Leucania flava, Frr. Neue Schmett. iv. p. 142, pi. 370. f. 2 (1846). 
Tapinostola frumentalis , Lindemann, Bull. Mosc. 1883, i. p. 145. 
Ta/pinostolalcBta, Alph. Rom. Mem. v. p. 165 (1889). 

Head and thorax white, the latter tinged with ochreous ; 
abdomen white faintly tinged with ochreous. Fore W'ing pale 
reddish ochreous ; the costal edge white ; a slight whitish streak 
in base of cell ; a curved white fascia in submedian interspace ; a 
white fascia in discal fold from end of cell to near termen towards 
which it narrows and with obliquely placed white marks from its 
extremity to termen below apex above veins 6 and 7 ; the inter- 
spaces between veins 6 and 2 with wedge-shaped terminal white 



OEIA. XTLOSTOLA . 



335 



marks, smaller above, 
ochreous. 



Hind wing white, the veins tinged with 




Fig. 150. — Oria mvsciilosa, (^ . \. 

Hub. Britain, Leech Coll. ; Fkance, Sand Coll. ; Denmark ; 
(TERAiANY,Zelleraiid Leech Colls, ; Atjsteia; Hungary; Switzerland; 
Si'AiN ; Italy, Capri ( C. 8. Browne) ; Sicily, Zeller Coll, ; Dalmatia ; 
Greece; Algeria; Canaries: Cyprus (il7?6!* 5rt^e), 3 c5' ; Armenia; 
Asia Minor; Syria, 2 J; Persia, Shahkuh {Christojjh), ] 5- 
Kap. 28-38 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moth.s Eur. p. 164. 

Pale greenish with four dark lines becoming blackish dots at 
hinder extremity of each segment. Food-plant, in stalks of Rye. 

4772. Oria flavescens. (Plate CXLIY. fig. 27.) 

Sesamia flavescens, Hnipsn. Ann. S. Ah: Mus. ii. p. 1198 (1902). 

2 . Head and thorax white tinged with ochreous, the patagia 
slightly with pink ; palpi and legs more ochreous ; abdomen white 
tinged with brownish ochreous. Eore wing pale yellow, the costal 
area faintly tinged with pink, the costal edge white ; the median 
nervure, base of veins arising from it and medial part of vein 1 
streaked with whitish and irrorated with a few dark scales ; traces 
of an obliquely curved postmedial series of dark points on veins 6 
to ] ; cilia whitish. Hind wing white faintly tinged with brown 
and the terminal area with yellow ; the underside pale yellow with 
slight brown irroration. 

Hab. C. Colony, Aunshaw (]\liss F. Barrett), 1 2 type. JKtp. 
26 millim. 



Genus XYLOSTOLA, nov. 

Type, X. indistiticta. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to about 
vertex of head and broadly fringed with scales in front, the 3rd long : frons 
with small rounded prominence covered by a tuft of hair ; eyes large, round; 
antennse of male ciliated; thorax clothed with hair and hair-like scales, and 
without crests ; tibiae fringed with rather long hair ; abdomen with some rough 
hair at base but without crests. Fore wing with the apex rather jiroduced and 
acute, the termen evenly curved and hardly orenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near 
angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the 
areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obso- 
lescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



336 NocTuiD.i:. 

A. Fore wing with black lunules in centre and on outer edge of 

r eu i fo r ni , robust a . 

B. Fore wing with the reniforin defined by black points. 

a. Fore wing with the postmedial line incurved at discal fold, indisthtcta. 

b. Fore wing with the postmedial line not incurved at discal 

fold olivacea. 



4773. Xylostola robusta. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 28.) 
Nonagria robusta, Hinpsn. Motlis Ind. ii. p. 285 (1904). 

cJ. Head aad thorax red- brown mixed with some dark brown; 
palpi black-brown ; frons with lateral black bars ; pectus and legs 
dark brown, the hair on tibiae red-brown; abdomen black-brown, 
the lateral and anal tufts rufous. Fore wing pale olive-brown 
tinged with rufous, the terminal area dark brown except at apex ; 
a diffused black fascia below base of cell ; traces of a diffused 
oblique blackish antemedial line ; claviforai represented by a 
blackish point at its extremity ; orbicular incompletely defined by 
black and with blackish spot in centre, round ; reniform defined by 
black points and with small black lunules in centre and on outer 
edge ; the extremity of median nervure and the veins beyond the 
cell slightly streaked with whitish ; postmedial line very indistinct, 
bent outwards below costa, theii dentate and produced to black 
points on the veins, oblique below vein 4 ; subterminal line pale, 
defined on inner side by a dark shade at costa and by black suffusion 
between veins 7 and 1, angled outwards at vein 7, then oblique ; a 
fine black terminal line ; cilia rufous with brown lines near base 
and at middle. Hind wing fuscous brown ; cilia rufous with a 
brown line through them ; the underside grey tinged with rufous 
and thickly irrorated with fuscous especially on costal and terminal 
areas, a black discoidal lunule and diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. SiKHiJi {Knyvett, Dudgeon, Moivis), 3 c? ; Assam, Khasis, 
1 rj . Exj-). 42-52 millim. 



4774. Xylostola indistincta. 

Vapara. indhfincta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 163 (1882) ; id. Lep. Ceyl. iii. 
p. 120, pi. 159. f. 7; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 2(58. 

Head and thorax pale greyish red-brown, the vertex of head and 
teo-ula) bright rufous ; pectus and legs whitish mixed with fuscous, 
the tarsi fuscous ringed with whitish ; abdomen greyish suffused 
with fuscous brown, the ventral surface whitish irrorated with 
fuscous. Fore wing pale greyish brown tinged with red-brown, 
especially on postmedial area, and slightly irrorated with black ; a 
black point at base ; antemedial line very indistinct, waved ; 
orbicular absent ; reniform a faint greyish lunule surrounded by 
black points ; traces of a curved, waved, medial liue ; postmedial 
line very indistinct, oblique from costa to vein 6, then waved, 
slightly incurved at discal fold and obliiiue below vein 4 ; sub- 



xr;,osTor-A. 337 



terminal line represented by au oblique series of indistinct pale 
raarks, sliglitly defined on each side by blackish from costa to 
discal fold, met by an oblique black streak from apex and slightly 
excurved at middle ; a fine waved black terminal line with black 
points in the interspaces. Hind wing reddish brown, the cilia 




Fig. 151. — Xylostola indistincta, J'. }. 

paler with a brownish line near base ; the underside pale greyish, 
the costal and terminal areas irrorated with dark brown, a dark 
discoidal lunule, diffused curved postmedial line, and terminal 
series of small black lunules. 

Hah. SiKHiM {Atkinson, Lidderdale), 1 cJ , 1 5 type ; Madras, 
Nilgiris {Hampson), 2 c? , 1 $; Ceilon, Pundaloya {Green), 3 c? » 
2 2 . J^^P- 34-44 millim. 



4775. Xylostola olivacea. 

Xylostola olivacea, Hmpsn. Trans. Zool. Soc. xix. p. 108, pi. iv. f 16 
(1909). 

2 . Head and thorax pale red-brown, the vertex of head with a 
whitish tinge ; abdomen whitish tinged with rufous. Eore wing 
pale red-brown with a slight olive tinge and sparsely irrorated with 
black, the costal edge and terminal area rather browner ; a small 
subbasal black spot below the cell ; antemedial line very indistinct, 
excurved from below costa to submedian fold, incurved at vein 1 ; 
orbicular represented by a few black scales ; reniform very incom- 
pletely defined by black points ; postmedial Hue very indistinct, 
oblique from costa to vein 6, then minutely dentate, excurved to 
vein 4, then oblique; subterminal line indistinct, pale, minutely 
waved, defined on inner side by a slight brown shade and by small 
black spots between veins 8 and 4, very slightly excurved at middle; 
a slight oblique blackish shade from apex ; a series of black points . 
just before termen. Hind wing greyish suffused with brown ; cilia 
red-brown with a fine pale line at base; the underside brownish 
grey slightly irrorated with brown, a small black discoidal spot and 
terminal series of points. 

Hab. Uganda, Ruwenzori, 6000' (WoUaston), 1 $ type. Exp. 
40 millim. 



338 NocTuiT).?!;. 



Genus CONICOFRONTIA. 

Type. 

Conicofrontia, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 296 (1902) sesamiodes. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
about toujjddle of f rons and moderately fringed with hair in front, the 3rd short, 
porrect ; frons with pointed conical prominence ; eyes large, round ; antennas 
of male bipectinate with very short branches, serrate towards apex ; thorax 
clothed with hair only and without crests ; tibia; fringed with rather lotig hair ; 
abdomen elongate, without crests. Fore wing narrow and elongate, tlie apex 
produced and acute, the termen obliquely curved and not crenulate; veins 3 
and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anast(jmosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3,4 from 
angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

477(3, Conicofrontia sesamiodes. 

Co7iicofrontia sesamiodes, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 29r) (1^02). 

(5" . Head, thorax, and abdomen whitisli tinged with rufous. Fore 
wing whitish tinged with rufous and irrorated with fuscous ; black 
points at base below costa and cell ; a black point at lower angle 
of cell and two minute streaks beyond the angle ; a postmedial 




w 

Fig. 152. — Conicofrontia sesamiodes, <S • \- 

series of slight black points on the veins ex curved from costa to 
vein 4, then oblique. Hind wing white, the veins tinged with 
ochreous ; the underside with the costal area slightly tinged with 
rufous. 

$ . Fore wing with some short subterminal black streaks between 
veins 6 and 3 ; hind wing browner. 

Eah. Natai,, Durban {Leigh), 3 J ; C. Colony, Transkei {Miss F. 
Barrett), 1 § type. Exp. 6 54, $ 38 raillim. 



Genus ARCILASISA. 

Type. 

Arcilasisa, Wlk. xxxii. 470 (1865) sobria. 

Probosci.s fully developed ; paljDi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and fringed with rather lung hair in i'ront, the 3rd 
short ; frons with rounded prominence ; eyes large, round ; antenna? of male 



AKCILASISA. — OMMATOSXOLA. 



339 



serrate and fasciculate ; thorax clothed with hair only and without crests ; 
tibia; fringed with rather long hair ; abdomen elongate, without crests. Fore 
wing rather narrow and elongate, the apex somewhat pz'oduced, the termen 
obliquely curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 
6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form a long areole ; 
1 1 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from 
just below middle of discocellulars ;'6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing 
with the cell near base only. 



4777. Arcilasisa sobria. 

Arcilasisa sobria, Wlk. xxxii. 470 (1867); Ilmpsu. Moths Ind. ii. p. 282. 

S . Head and thorax whitish tinged with red-brown ; abdomen 
whitish tinged with red- brown and irrorated with fuscous. Fore 
wing grey-white tinged with red-brown and sparsel}' irrorated with 




Fig. \b'5.— Arcilasisa sobria, ,^. \. 

black ; traces of a subtermiual series of wedge-shaped black marks 
between veins 7 and 2 ; a terminal series of black points. Hind 
wing whitish tinged with red-brown especially on terminal area ; 
the underside with black discoidal lunule. 

Hah. Punjab, Kulu ; Nepal, 1 J' ; Sikhim, Id"; ? S. India. 
Exp. 82 raillim. 



Genus OMMATOSTOLA. 

Omrmtostola, Qrote. Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 112 (1873) 



Type. 

Untiieri. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and fringed with rather long hair in front, the 3rd 
short; frons smooth; eyes large, round; antenna of male ciliated; thoiax 
clothed with hair only and without crests ; tibia modrr.itely fringed with 
hair ; abdomen smoothly scaled and without crests. Fore wing with the 
apes rounded, the termen obliquely curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 
8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle 
of cell ; 5 obsolescent from jnst below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

?r2 



340 NOCTDID^. 

4778. Ommatostola lintneri. 

Ommatostola lintneri, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. i. p. 112 (1873); 
Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 185. 

Head and thorax white tinged with reddish ochreous ; abdomen 
white. Fore wing white tinged with reddish ochreous except on 
costal area ; the veins streaked with white and irrorated with 
fuscous; antemedial line represented by slight black points on the 
veins ; a white streak at lower angle of cell with more prominent 
black irroration before and beyond it ; a postmedial series of black 




* Fig. 154. — Ommatostola lintneri, (^. \. 

points on the veins, excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique ; 
cilia pale rufous. Hind wing white, the veins slightly tinged with 
ochreous ; the underside with the costal area faintly tinged with 
ochreous. 

Hah. U.S.A., New York, 1 c? , 2 $ tj-pe, New Jersey, Anglesea. 
Exp. 46-50 millim. 

Genus CALAMIA. 

Type. 

Calamia, Hubn. Verz. p. 240 (1827) virens. 

Luceria, Hein. Schmett. Deutsch. i. p. 442 (Oct. 1859), nee 

Walker.JLep. Nov. (1859) vire7is. 

Zotheca, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 68 (1874) tranquilla. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi oblique, short, fringed with long hair ; 
frons smooth ; eyes large, rounded ; antenna of male typically minutely 
serrate and fasciculate ; head and thorax clothed with hair only and without 
crests ; tibife moderately fringed with liair, the fore tarsi with the spines 
strong; abdomen clothed with hair and with lateral fringes of hair but 
■without crests. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen obliquely 
curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below 
middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell 
near base only. 

Sect. I. {Calamia). Antennae of male minutely serrate. 

A. Fore wing yellow with rufous patch on medial costal area .... flavirufa. 
j3. Fore wing pale green without rufous patch on costa virens. 

4779. Calamia flavirufa, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 29.) 

$ . Heail and thorax pale lemon-yellow ; palpi rufous irrorated 
with white ; sides of frons and antennae rufous ; pectus and legs 
rufous irrorated with white ; abdomen pale ochreous irrorated 



CALAMIA. 341 

with rufous at extremity, the ventral surface rufous irrorated with 
white. Fore wing pale lemon-yellow ; a rufous patch at base of 
costa conjoined to a spot below cell, with a rufous streak beyond 
it on costa ; antemedial line greenish grey arising from a small 
triangular rufous spot on costa, excurved in submedian interspace, 
then oblique ; a large rather oblique rufous patch from middle of 
costa to lower angle of cell, rounded below, an oblique greenish 
grey line from it to inner margin ; postmedial line greenish grey, 
arising from a small rufous spot on costa, slightly bent outwards 
below costa, then minutely waved, oblique below vein 4, the costa 
beyond it with alternating rufous and white spots ; a rufous patch 
on costa before the minutely waved greenish-grey subterminal line 
which is slightly excurved below vein 7 and incurved at discal 
fold ; a terminal series of greenish rufous-tinged rather diffused 
lunules ; cilia rufous irrorated with white. Hind wing pale 
yellow ; a pale rufous discoidal spot, diffused rufous postmedial 
band obsolescent towards costa, and terminal series of rufous 
limules ; cilia white with rufous line through them except towards 
tornus ; the underside white, the costal area broadly and thickly 
irrorated with rufous including the indistinct discoidal spot ; a 
rufous postmedial line incurved in submedian interspace, some 
rufous irroration on termen and spot in submedian interspace. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury {Marsliall), 1 $ type ; Natal, 
Stanger (Belvin), 1 $ . Exj). 38 millim. 

4780. Calamia virens. 

Noctua virens, Linn. Syst. Nat. xii. p. 847 (1767) ; Knock, Beitr. Ins. ii. 

pi. 1. f. 1 ; Esp. Schmett. iv. pi. 122. f. 1 ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Noct. 

f. 368 ; Diip. Lep. Fr. vii. pt. 1, p. 66, pi. 104. f. 6 ; Stand. Cat. Lep. 

pal. p. 190. 
Licperina immaculata. Stand. Cat. Lep. Enr. p. 99 (1871). 

Head and thorax pale yellow-green ; antennae with the shaft 
white; palpi and tarsi brownish white; abdomen white faintly 
tinged with fuscous. Fore wing pale yellow-green, the costa and 
inner margin narrowly white ; the lines absent ; orbicular 




■^ V\\ NT'^c-C;-^ ^ 

Fig. 1.55. — Calamia virens, ^. |. 

represented by a small white spot ; the reniform by a small 
lunule ; cilia white with a faint fuscous line near base. Hind 
wing white faintly tinged with green, the basal half and inner 
area with brown ; cilia and underside pure white. 

Ab. 1. immaculata. Fore wing with the white stigmata absent. 



342 



noctuid.t;. 



Ab. 2. Fore wing with the reniform filled in -with fuscous ; hind 
wing wholly suffused with brown. 

JJab. Pkance, Sand Coll. ; Germany, Zeller, Frey, and Leech 
Colls. ; Austria ; Hungary, Frey Coll. ; Switzerland ; Spain, 
Aragon ; JS". Italy; S. Sweden; Russia, Livonia, Zeller Coll., 
Sarepta ; Armenia ; Asia Minor, Taurus ; Persia ; W. Turkestan, 
Tarbagatai Mts., Issyk-Kul ; W. Sibekia, Altai. Exj). 42-50 
millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Mollis Eur. p. 166 ; Hffm. Eaup. p. 96. 

Green : head black. Food-plants : Alsine media, PJantago 
lanceolata, Brachypodium pinnatum, &c. 5-6. 

Sect. II. (Zofheca). Antenna of male ciliated. 

4781. Calamia tranquilla, 

Zotheca tranquUla, Grote, Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci. ii. p. 69 (1874); 

Smith, Cat. Noct. N. Am. p. 212 
Cosmia mmhuci, Belir, Streck. Lep Ehop. & Het. p. 94 (1874). 
Zotheca viridula, Grote, Bull. U.S. Geol. Geog. Surv. Terr. iv. p. 180 (1878). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ochreous suffused with bright 
rufous. Fore wing ochreous white suffused with bright rufous ; 
a faint rufous antemedial line with small spot on costa, angled 
outwards in submedian fold and inwards on vein 1 ; a rufous 
medial shade, diffused on costal area, slight and oblique from lower 
angle of cell to inner margin with the faint oblique olive-green 
reniform on it ; postmedial line rufous, obliquely bent outwards 
from below costa to vein 6 towards termen, excurved to vein 4, 
then oblique and slightly incurved, met at vein 6 by an oblique 




Fig. 156. — Calamia tranquUla, (^ . \. 

shade from costa towards apex with a yellow point on it on costa ; 
cilia bright rufous. Hind wing white slightly tinged with rufous ; 
the underside with slight rufous mark at upper angle of cell and 
indistinct curved postmedial line from costa to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. viridida. Head, thorax, and abdomen with the rufous 
replaced by pale yellow-green. 

Hub. Canada, Vancouver {J. J. WalTcer), 1 cJ ; U.S.A., 
"Washington Forest Reserve {Mrs. JSHcholl), 1 $ , California, 3 c? , 
2 5 type viridula, Mt. Shasta {Walsimjham), 1 cj' , Havilah, 1 (5'. 
JSay. 40 millim 

Larua. Dyar, Can. Ent. xxiii. p. 205 (1891). 

Plump and smooth, tapering at extremities, curled spirally when 



CALAMIA. CLETHRORASA. 343 

at rest ; small black piliferous dots normal, the 4th series behind 
the spiracles, the 5th and 6th series anteriorly and posteriorly on 
subventral space, and series 7 on the ventral surface of apodal 
somites very small ; dorsum olive-grey with a broad yellow dorsal 
stripe broken up into two round spots on each segment, the anterior 
being twice indented or nearly bisected, the stripe narrower and 
somewhat confused towards extremities ; an interrupted whitish 
subdorsal stripe edged with black, a lateral blue-grey stripe and 
broad yellow stigmatal stripe defined above by a waved black line ; 
ventral surface blue-grey streaked with black ; feet yellowish ; 
spiracles black ; or the dorsal and lateral areas blue-grey irrorated 
with black streaks, the dorsal and subdorsal stripes edged with 
black. Food-plant, Samhacus. 
Cociion thick, formed of silk. 

Genus CLETHRORASA, nov. 

Type, C. jiilchcri. 

Proboscis i'uUy developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint siuootlily sealed 
and flattened against frons, the 3rd short ; frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; 
antennae of male ahnost simple ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales 
and without crests ; tibite smoothly scaled ; abdomen with dorsal crests on 
basal segnaents. Fore wing narrow, the margins subparallel, the apes 
rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from 
near augle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins o, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 6 obsolescent from just below middle of discoeellulars ; (i, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

4782. Clethrorasa pilcheri. 

Leocyma pilcheri, Hmpsn Moths Ind. iv. p. 512 (1896). 

J . Head and thorax white ; palpi and lower part of frons black 
with a few white scales ; antennae black except basal joint ; tegulae 
at tips, pro- and mesothorax with paired metallic blue-black 
patches ; pectus and legs black-brown with a purplish tinge, the 
coxte with some white hair, the tibiae and tarsi banded with white ; 
abdomen brown with some greyish hair at base, the dorsal crests 




Fig. 157. — Cleikrorasa pilcheri, cJ. t- 

cupreous red. Fore wing white with deep metallic green spots 
and patches ; basal and subbasal patches on costa and a small 
round subbasal spot below vein 1 ; an antemedial patch on costa 
and a bar from submedian fold to inner margin ; orbicular 
represented by a small round spot, the reniform by a conical patch 



344 NOCTDID.E. 

connected with costa by an oblique patch, with a postmedial patch 
beyond it on costa ; medial and postmedial bars from submedian 
fold to inner margin ; a triangular subterminal spot on costa, a 
small spot below vein 3 and a bar from siibmedian fold to inner 
margin ; black spots on cilia at discal and submedian folds. Hind 
wing fuscous black, the termen white interrupted by fuscous streaks 
on the veins ; cilia white. Underside of fore wing fuscous brown, 
the inner and terminal areas white, the costal area blue-black with 
quadrate white spot beyond middle ; hind wing fuscous brown 
with the submedian interspace and terminal area whitish, the 
costal area suffused with purple, a whitish band from middle of 
costa to lower angle of cell, two small subterminal brown spots 
below apex and one below vein 2. 

Hah. SiKHiM, 5000' (Pilcher), 1 d type. E.rp. 40 millim. 

Genus APSARASA. 

Type. 
Apsarasa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 665 radians. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching about 
to middle of frons and very broadly scaled, the 3rd moderate ; frons with 
rounded prominence with beak like process at extremity ; eyes large, round ; 
antennsE of male laminate, minutely c-iliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely 
■with scales and without crests ; tibiae smoothly sealed ; abdomen with some 
rough hair at base and crest on basal segment. Fore wing rather narrow, 
the apex much rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 
3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3,4 very 
shortly stalked ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Palpi with white patch at extremity of 2nd joint ; tegulae 

with yellow patch. 

a. Fore wing with medial yellow band on inner area ; hind 

wing with the white patch extending to vein 1 nigroccsrulea. 

b. Fore wing with quadrate medial yellow patch on inner 

area ; hind wing with the white patch not extending 

below vein 2 except at termen atramenta. 

B. Palpi without white at extremity of 2nd joint ; tegulae 

with two yellow bands. 

a. Hind wing with the white patch extending almost to 

cell radians. 

b. Hind wing with irregular white patch on termen figurata. 

4783. Apsarasa nigrocaerulea, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig. 30.) 

S . Head and thorax blue-black ; palpi with yellowish- white 
marks at extremities of 1st and 2nd joints in front ; frons with 
pale yellow patch above, vertex of head with pale yellow bar ; 
tegulae with dorsal pale yellow patch, pro- and mesothorax with 
small spots and metathorax with large patch ; coxae with yellowish- 
white patches, the femora at extremity, tibiae and fore and mid tarsi 
with yellowish bands ; abdomen blue-black with small dorsal pale 
yellow spots on basal segments, the anal tuft pale yellow and the 
ventral surface pale yellow with sublatei'al black bands. Fore wing 



APSAEASA. 345 

metallic blue-black, the costal, inner and terminal areas with pale 
yellow patches leaving radiating blue-black bars and streaks ; the 
costal area with small subbasal and antemedial yellow spots 
followed by a point, a medial bar followed by a striga, then a point, 
a triangular patch towards apex followed by an oblique bar and 
triangular apical patch ; the terminal area with oblique streak 
below apex followed by a spot, spots below veins 4, 3, 2 and an 
oblique bar at tornus ; the inner area with antemedial triangular 
spot followed b}' a striga, a broad medial band from submedian 
fold to inner margin followed by two striae and a triangular patch 
before tornus ; pale yellow jjoints in middle of cell and at upper 
angle. Hind wing blackish brown with subapical yellowish-white 
streaks above and below vein 7 ; the terminal area yellowish white 
from just beyond cell between veins 6 and 1 and extending to 
termen as a small white mark below vein 1, its inner edge indented 
by streaks on the veins. Underside of fore wing with the darK areas 
fuscous brown, blue-black on costal area ; hind wing with whitish 
streak in base of cell and patch below cell, a medial whitish band 
between vein 8 and median nervure. 

Hah. GiLoLo (Doherty), 1 c? type. Exp. 50 millim. 

4784. Apsarasa atramenta, n. sp. (Plate CXLIV. fig 31.) 

c? . Head and thorax cupreous brown ; palpi with white patches 
at extremities of 1st and 2nd joints in front ; frons with pale yellow 
patch above ; vertex of head with yellow band; tegulte with yellow 
patch with two black spots on it ; pro- and mesothorax with yellow 
spots, metathorax with white patch ; cox£e with white patches, the 
femora at extremity, tibiae and fore and mid tarsi with white bands ; 
abdomen cupreous brown suffused with metallic blue, the two basal 
segments with dorsal yellow bars, the anal tuft and ventral surface 
white. Pore wing cupreous brown, the costal edge and veins 
tinged with metallic blue, the costal, terminal, and inner areas with 
yellowish-white patches leaving radiating dark bars and streaks ; 
the costal area with small subbasal and antemedial yellowish-white 
spots followed by a point, a medial bar and bar above end of cell 
followed by two points, a triangular patch towards apex followed 
by an oblique bar and triangular patch at apex ; the terminal area 
with short oblique streak below apex followed by a point, a small 
spot below vein 4 and triangular spots at veins 3, 2, and 1 ; the 
inner area with triangular antemedial spot followed by a striga, a 
quadrate medial patch from submedian fold to inner margin followed 
by two strise and a triangular spot before tornus; a minute point 
at middle of cell. Hind wing black-brown ; a minute white streak 
below extremity of vein 7 ; a large white patch on terminal area 
between veins 7 and 2 extending to vein 1 as a narrow terminal 
band, its inner edge indented by streaks on the veins : the under- 
side with subapical white streaks above and below vein 7, a slight 
?treak in base of cell and discoidal spot and some whitish below- 
base of cell. 



3J6 



NOCTUrP^. 



Hah. Dutch N. Guinea, Kapaur {Doherly), 1 c? type, Andai 
(Doherii/), 1 (S . Exp. 46 millim. 

4785. Apsarasa radians. 

Apaiela radians, Westw. Cab. Or. Ent. p. 58. pi. 28. f. 4 (1848) ; Hmpsn. 
Moths Iiid. ii. p. 290. 

cJ . Head and Ihorax blue-black; palpi with white spot on 1st 
joint in front ; irons with yellowish-white patch above; vertex of 
head, tegulae at middle and tips, pro- nieso- and metathorax with 
j^ellowish-white bands ; coxae with white patches, the tibiae and 
fore and mid tarsi with white bands ; abdomen blue-black with 
small dorsal white spots on basal segments, the anal tuft white, the 
ventral surface white with sublateral series of blue-black spots. 
Tore wing blue-black, the costal, terminal, and inner areas with 
yellowish-white patches leaving radiating blue-black bars and 
streaks the costal area with three small yellowish-white spots 
towards base, an antemedial spot followed by a bar, an oblique 
medial patch, a spot above end of cell followed by a bar extending 
to vein 6, then a triangular patch followed by an oblique bar and 
a triangular patch at apex ; the terminal area with two oblique 
short fasciae towards apex with curved striga before it, a minute 




Fig. 158. — Apsarasa radians, cj. t- 

streak at vein 5 and four wedge-shaped patches between vein 4 
and tornus ; the inner area with two antemedial wedge-shaped 
marks, a medial band from submedian fold to inner margin 
followed by a wedge-shaped patch with point above it, then a 
narrow band and a triangular patch before tornus ; two yellowish- 
white points in middle of cell and a point at upper angle ; the 
postmedial area with some waved blue-white striae between veins 7 
and 2. Hind wing black-brown ; subapical elongate white marks 
above and below vein 7 ; the terminal area white from just beyond 
cell between veins 6 and 1 extending to tornus as a narrow mark, 
its inner edge indented bj' dark streaks on the veins ; the underside 
with antemedial white spot on costa, medial band from costa to 
discal fold expanding into a spot on discocellulars and postmedial 
bar. ■ 

$ . Abdomen with the anal tuft and ventral surface blue-black, 
the latter with lateral and ventral series of white spots. 

Hah. SiKHiM (Atkinson, LiddercUde, MoUcr), 5 c? , 2 J ; Assam. 
Exp. 50-56 millim. 



APSARASA. MAZrCA. 347 



4786. Apsarasa figurata. (Plate CXLIY. fig. 32.) 

Apsarasa figarata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 604 ; Hiiipsn. Mollis lud. ii. 
p. 290. 

5 . Head and thorax blue -black ; palpi with white spot on basal 
joint in front ; frons with yellowish-white patch above; vertex of 
head and tegulse at middle and tips with yellowish-white bands ; 
pro- and raesothorax with yellowish spots and nietathorax with 
yt'llowish patch ; coxao with white patches ; femora at exiremities, 
tibiae and tarsi with white bands ; abdomen black-brown tinged 
with metallic blue, the two basal segments with yellowish-white 
dorsal spots. Fore wing blue-black, the costal, terminal, and inner 
areas with yellowish-white patches leaving radiating blue-black 
bars and streaks ; the costal area Avith three small yellowish-white 
spots on basal area followed by an oblique striga, then an erect 
striga, an irregular medial patch, a slight bar above end of cell 
followed bj' a striga, a triangular patch towards apex followed by 
an oblique bar and triangular patch at apex ; the terminal area 
with two short oblique streaks towards apex with point before the 
upper one, a minute streak at vein 5 and four oblique triangular 
patches between vein 4 and tornus ; the inner area with small tri- 
angular antemedial spot followed by a striga, a broad medial band 
from subniedian fold to inner margin extending to just above the 
fold at extremity, followed by a wedge-shaped spot, then a narrow 
bar and wedge-shaped spot towards tornus ; a yellowish- white 
point at middle of cell and another at upper angle. Hind wing 
black-brown with some white on termen between vein 4 and tornus, 
its inner edge very irregular and angled inwards below veins 4, 3, 
2 ; cilia brown towards apex intersected by a slight white streak 
at vein Band with slight dark marks below veins 4 and 3 ; the 
underside with antemedial white spot on costa, slight streak in base 
of cell, some whitish below base of cell, faint medial band from 
costa to discal fold, slight postmedial spots below costa and vein 8, 
two short subapical streaks and slender elongate streaks above and 
below discal fold. 

Hah. Andamans, 4 5 fjpe. Exy, 46-50 millim. 

Genus MAZUCA. ^ 

Type. 

Mazuca, Wlk. xxxv. 1777 (1866) strigicincta. 

Mila, Auriv. Ent. Tidskr. xiii. p. 187 (1892) atrigicincta. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, smootblj sealed, the 2nd .joint 
reaching about to middle of frons, the 8rd short ; frons with large somewhat 
conical prominence produced tea slight point in front; eyes large, round; 
antennjB of male laminate, ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with scales 
and without crests; tibia slightly fringed with haii-; abdomen with dorsal 
crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly 
ciu'ved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins '6. 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of 
discocellulars ; 6, 7 fi'om upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 



348 



NOCTUID^. 



A. Fore wiug with orange-red patches in and beyond end of 

cell, the bars of inner area orange-red hcemagrapha. 

B. Fore wing with pink mark in eud of cell, the bars of inner 

area blue-black strigicincta. 



*4787. Mazuca haemagrapha, n. sp. (Plate CXLV. fig. 1.) 

J . Head and and thorax pale yellow ; frons, vertex of head, 
tegulae at base and near tips, pro- meso- and metathorax with black 
bands; patagia edged with black; antennae black except basal 
joint ; palpi with black bands on the joints ; tibias banded with 
black; abdomen white slightly tinged with ochreous, the basal 
crest tipped with black ; subbasal black patches on segments 4 to 7 
and small sublateral spots on segments 5 to 7. Fore wing pale 
yellow ; five rather oblique blue-black bars from basal half of costa, 
the first three connected by a slight streak, three bars above end of 
cell, one towards apex and a forked bar at apex ; the terminal area 
with six I'adiating blue-black streaks expanding at the cilia and 
the streak at discal fold forked ; the cell and a large patch beyond 
it extending to vein 2 orange-red with two small yellow spots 
defined by black at middle of cell with a black streak above median 
nervure to the discoidal figure-of-8-shaped mark formed of two 
yellow spots defined by black, the lower one with black point in 
centre, a black patch beyond lower angle of cell ; an orange-red 
streak below basal half of median nervure with oblique red bar from 
it to inner margin near base and three radiating bars from its 
extremity ; two oblique red bars from the discal red patch, the 
inner confluent with the outermost medial bar at inner margin. 
Hind wing white faintly tinged with ochreous. 

Uab. Gold Coast ; Wassaw Distr., 1 S type in Coll. llothschild. 
Exj). 38 millim. 

4788. Mazuca strigicincta. 

Mazuca strigicincta, Wlk. xxxv. 1777 (1866) ; Kirby, Cat. Lep. Het. p. 284. 
Hypsa cooicimmla, Mab. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. iii. p. 85 (1878). 
Apsarasa liturata, Biitl. A. M. N. H. (5) V\\. p. o7 (1881). 
Mila hehraica, Auriv. Ent. Tidskr. xii. p. 228, pi. 1. f. 3 (1891). 

Head and thorax pale yellow ; frons with blue-black band above ; 
back of head with two small spots ; teguloe, pro- meso- and meta- 
thorax with blue-black bars ; patagia v/ith spots at base and middle ; 
fore and mid tibisB with blue-black bands, the tarsi black at ex- 
tremity ; abdomen yellowish white with subdorsal blue-black spots 
on segments 5 to 7, dorsal spot on terminal segment, small sub- 
dorsal spots on three last segments and ventral spot on terminal 
segment. Fore wing pale yellow ; two subbasal and two ante- 
medial oblique blue-black bars from costa, a very oblique medial 
striga, a short postmedial striga followed by two incurved lines 
extending to vein 6, the inner connected by a streak with the 
discoidal mark, a point on costa towards apex followed by an 



MAZUCA. — CHASMINODES. 349 

oblique striga extending to vein 7 and a short striga before apex ; 
the terminal area with oblique streak from apex bent downwards 
at extremity to discal fold, a short streak below apex, elongate 
V-sl'aped mark at discal fold, short streak below vein 4, longer 
streaks at veins 3 and 2 connected by a curved line at extremity 
and oblique streak at tornus ; a subbasal spot on median nervure 
followed by a strongly curved pink mark from subcostal nervure to 




Fig. 159. — Masuca strigicincta, cJ. y. 

submedian fold with a little black on its outer edge ; a pink spot in 
cell towards extremity with blue-black spot above it and elongate 
pink mark in end of cell with two blue-black spots on upper edge, 
these pink marks connected by a blue-black streak above median 
nervure Avith spot below it at origin of vein 2; a black striga 
beyond the cell between veins 4, 3 followed by a pink spot with 
black points above and below it or both striae pink with black 
points above and below ; the inner area with double black ante- 
medial line from submedian fold to inner margin strongly angled 
inwards on vein i, very oblique medial line and two outwardly 
oblique postmedial lines. Hind wing semihyaline white. 

Hah. jS'igeria, Old Calabar {Rutherford, Crom/jtoii), 1 c? , 2 $ ; 
Cameroons {Rutherford), 2 S type liturata ; Br. C. Africa, Zomba 
{Cunningham), 1 $ , Zambesi. Exp. 40-44 millim. 

Genus CHASMINODES, nov. 

Type, C. albonitcns. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2n& joint reaching about to 
vertex of liead and smoothly scaled, the 3rd rather long , frons Binooth ; eyes 
large, round ; aiitenn;e of male ciiiaterl ; thorax clotlied with scales and hair 
mixed and without crests ; tibiaj moderately fringed with hair ; abdomen with 
dorsal series of crests. Fore wing with the apex rectangular, the termen evenly 
curved and not crenulate ; veins '6 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from below 
upper angle; 7,8,9 stalked; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 6, 
7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with cell near base only. 

A. Fore and hind wings fuscous brown except basal area atrata. 

B. Fore and hind wings white. 

a. Fore wing with the veins streaked with fuscous nervosa. 

b. Fore wing with the veins not streaked with fuscous. 
d^. Fore wing with postmedial line. 

a'-. Fore wing with the apical area not tinged with fuscous . cilia, 
b^. Fore wing with the apical area tinged with fuscous ... nigrilinea. 
bK Fore wing with the postmedial line absent a/bonitens. 



350 xo(Tuii)^. 

4789. Chasminodes atrata. 

Chasmina atrata, Biitl. A. M. N. H. (5) xiii. p. 274 (1884) ; Staud. Cat. 

Lep. pal. p. 2:^6. 
Leocyma borussica, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 2G4; id. Eom. Mem. 

vi! p. 557, pi. 10. f. 11. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen silvery white ; palpi brownish in 
front and at tips ; antennce brown except basal joint ; fore tibia? 
brown on inner side. Fore wing fuscoxis brown with a cupreous 
tinge, the basal area silvery white except at costa, its outer edge 
diiifuged and obliquely curved from below costa to middle of inner 
margin ; cilia tinged with white. except at base. Hind wing silvery 
white to middle of costu and tornus, its outer edge diffused, the 
terminal half fuscous brown with a cupreous tinge; cilia tinged 
with white except at tips. Underside of fore wing with the wliite 
on inner area extending to tornus, some whitish suffusion beyond 
end of cell ; hind wing with the veins at end of cell whitish. 

Hub. E. Siberia, Amurland, Ussuri ; Japan, Yesso (Pr?/e?-), 8 J, 
1 ' 2 type. Ex2}. 26-28 millim. This species has been taken in 
eopida with C. albonitens. 

4790. Chasminodes nervosa. (Plate CXLV. fig. 2.) 
Leocyma nervo&a, Butl. Trans. Ent. See. 1881, p. 187. 

Silvery white ; palpi tinged with fuscous above at tips ; antenna? 
blackish except at base ; fore tibise fuscous on inner side. Fore 
wing with the costal edge fuscous towards base ; the veins tinged 
with fuscous ; a punctifoi m fuscous terminal line ; cilia faintly 
tinged with brownish. Hind wing with fine fuscous terminal line 
from apex to vein 2. Underside of fore wing sufl'used with fuscous 
brown, the costa and termeu whitish, a whitish streak in cell, the 
inner area white, the veins darker. 

Hah. Japan, Hakodate, 1 d' , Nagahama (Leech), 1 5 , Tokio 
(Maries), 1 d type, Yokohama (Manley), 3 d , 3 $ . Ea:p. 24- 
28 millim. 

4791. Chasminodes cilia. 

Leocyma cilia, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1888, p. 263; id. Eom. Mem. vi. 
p. 557, pi. 10. f. 10 ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 225. 

S . Head and thorax pure white ; palpi with the base of 3rd 
joint black ; antennae fuscous brown except at base ; tips of tegulae 
and outer edge of patagia slightly tinged with brown ; fore tarsi 
ringed with black ; abdomen white dorsally faintly tinged with 
brown. Fore wing pure glossy white ; a small black spot at lower 
angle of cell ; a fine curved post medial black line ; a series of small 
black spots on apical part of costa and termen. Hind wing pure 
glosey white. Underside of fore wing with the costa narrowly 
black to the series of small spots ; hind wing with some black points 
on termen from apex to vein 2. 

Huh. E. Siberia, Amurland, 1 J , Ussuri. Eay. 28 millim. 



CHASMIN0DE3. CHASJIIXA. 351 

4792. Chasminodes nigrilinea. 

Leocyma nigrilinea. Leech, P. Z. S. 1889, p. 522, pi. 51. f. 8. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen pure white ; antennae tinged 
"with fuscous except at base ; fore tarsi ringed with brown, i'ore 
wing silvery white ; a brownish postmedial line obliquely excurved 
from costa to vein 4, then oblique and slightly angled outwards at 
vein 1 ; a terminal series of small fuscous lunules ; cilia white at 
base, fuscous at tips. Hind wing white ; a curved postmedial line 
from costa to submedian fold, the area beyond it tinged with brown 
to vein 2 ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia white tinged, with 
brown at apex. Underside of fore wing brown, the costa and inner 
area white, whitish streaks in and beyond the cell and in inter- 
spaces of terminal area ; hind wing with curved diffused postmedial 
line from costa to vein 2, the area beyond it irrorated with 
fuscous. 

Hah. Japan, Yokohama {Pryer), 1 5 type. Exp. 34 millim. 

4793. Chasminodes albonitens. 

Aconiia albonitens, Breni. Bull. Ac. St. Petersb. iii. p. 490 (1861); id. 
Lep. Ost-Sib p. 55, pi 5. f. 15 ; Stand. Cat. Lap pal. p 225. 

Silvery white ; palpi with the base of 3rd joint blackish ; 
antennee blackish except at base ; fore tibiae with black point at 
base, the tarsal joints with black points at base. Fore wing with 




Fig. 160. — Chasminodes albonitens, (J. }. 

two slight discoidal black points or slight lunule and a terminal 
series of slight black points. Hind wing with slight black points 
on termen from apex to vein 2. 

Uah. W. Siberia, Ussuri, 2 c? , 2 o ; Japan, Yesso (Pnjer), 3 $ , 
Hakodate (Leech), 2 J , Oiwake (Pryer), 1 c? , Tokio (Maries), 1 J , 
1 5 ; CoREA, Gensan (Leech), 2 (^ . Exp. 28-36 millim. 



Genus CHASMINA. 

Type. 

CAasmiwa, Wlk. ix. 146 (1851)) tibialis. 

Sphragifera, Stand. Rom. Mem. vi. p. 554 (1892) sigillata. 

Clinophlehia, Hmpsn. 111. Het. P.M. ix. p. 92 (1893) nericea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to vertex of 
head, smoothly scaled and flattened against frons, the cJrd short ; frons smooth, 



352 



KOCTUICE. 



eyes large, round ; anteunse of male almost simple; thorax clothed almost 
entin^ly with scales and without crests; tibije moderately fringed with hair ; 
abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex typically 
rounded, the termeu evenly curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 5 from 
near angle of cell ; fi from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocelhdars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

Sect. I. (Clino]}hlehia). Fore wing of male with the apex rectangular, the costa 
somewhat excised beyond middle and the costal neuration slightly 
distorted. 

4794. Chasmina sericea. 

Clmophlebia serkea, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B.M. ix. p. 92, pi. 1(U. f. 7 (1893) ; 
id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 289. 

Silvery white ; palpi orange above and at tips ; lower part of 
frons orange, the upper part fulvous ; antennae fulvous except basal 
joint ; fore femora above, the tibite and tarsi orange with two black 




Fig. 161. — Chasmina sericea, ^ 



spots on the tibia and one on the 1st tarsal joint; anal tuft with 
some yellow at side ; wings uniform silvery white. 

Hah. FoEMOSA (Bobson), 1 (^ , 3 $ ; Ceylon, Colombo (Gr^en), 
1 d" 1 2 $ type; Burma, Rangoon, 1 (S ; Cocos Keeling I. (Wood- 
Jones), 1 (5 , 1 $ ; Christmas I. (Andrews), 1 $ ; New Caledonia 
(Layard), 1 $ . Exp. 40-50 millim. 



Sect. II. (Chasmina). Fore wing with the apex rounded, the costa not 
excised, the neuration normal. 

A. Fore wing without subapical or postmedial dark 
patches. 
a. Fore wing without postmedial line. 

a^. Fore tibijE and tarsi orange with black points. 
a^. Fore wing with black points on termen below 

apex tibiopunclata. 

i2. Fore wing without black point on termen below 

apex tibialis. 

b\ Fore tibiae and tarsi white slightly tinged with 

brown alcidainea. 

h. Fore wing with fine dark postmedial line. 

a^. Fore wing without black points on costa repre- 
senting the lines tenuilinea. 

6'. Fore wing with black points on costa repre- 
senting the lines judicata. 



cmsjiiNA. 353 

B. Fore wing with siiuious dark patch from costa before 

apex. 
a. Fore wing with four blat-k points on costa repre- 
senting the lines rejecta. 

h. Fore wing with three small orange spots on costa 

representing the lines -pulchra. 

C. Fore wing with elliptical rufous patch in and beyond 

end of cell maculata. 

D. Fore wing with large rounded snbapical rufous patch . sigillata. 

E. Fore wing witli hemispherical subapical rufous patch, biplaga. 

4795. Chasniina tibiopunctata. (Plate CXLV. fig. 3.) 

Leocyma tibiopunctata, Beth. -Baker, Nov. Zool xv. p. 197 (190S). 
Leocyina nigropunctata, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xt. p. 197 (1908). 

Silvery white ; palpi orange above and black at tips ; lower part 
of frons tinged with orange, the upper part blackish brown ; 
antennae blackish brown except basal joint ; fore femora orange 
above with fuscous streak, the tibiae orange with tvro black spots, 
the tarsi white, the two last joints tinged with orange and with 
four black spots ; wings uniform silvery white, the fore wing with 
a black point on termen just below apex. 

Ab. 1. nifjro punctata. Pore wing with terminal series of small 
black points. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing with terminal series of larger points ; hind 
wing with three points on middle of termen. 

Hah. Er. IN". Guinea, Baboooi {Pratt), 1 d", 1 J* Mt. Kebea 
(Pratt), 2 c^ , 2 2 , Mafalu (Pratt), 1 J , Ekeikei (Pratt), 1 cj , 1 $ . 
E.rp. 46-54 millim. 

479 G. Chasmina tibialis. 

Noctua tibialis, Fabr. Syet. Ent. p. 578 (1775). 

Leocyma vestce, Guen. Noct. ii. p. 213 (18.52). 

Leocyma diance, Guen. Noct. ii. p. 213 (1852). 

Chasmina cyqnus, WJk. ix. 147 (1856); Bufl. 111. Het. B. M. vi. p. 35, 

pi. 110. f. 3 ; Hnipsn. Moths lud. ii. p. 289. 
Chasniina glabra, Wlk. xxxii. (536 (1865). 
Leocyma celebcnsis, Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. xxiii. p. 54 (1880). 
Xanthodes marice, Mab. C.E.. Ent. Soc. Belg. xxv. p. Ix (1881). 

Silvery white : palpi orange-yellow above and at tips ; lower 




%-?/. 




Fig. 162. — Chasmina tibialis, (^ {. 



part of frons orange- j'cUow, the upper part fulvous brown ; antennae 
yellow except at tips ; fore femora orange above with fuscous 
VOL IX. 2 a 



354 NOCTtriD.'E. 

streak, the tibiae and tarsi orange with two black points on the 
tibia and one on 1st or 1st two tarsal joints ; wings uniform silvery 
white. 

Ab. 1. vestce. Fore wing rather broader and less produced, 
without series of black points before termen. 

Ab. 2. diance. Fore wing with series of slight black points just 
before termen. 

Hah. W. Africa, Senegal, Cape Coast Castle (Bigleft). 1 2 , 
S. Nigeria, Vivet (Duel/eon), 1 d" , 1 2 ; Mashonaland, Salisbur^v 
(Marsliall), 1 $ , Umcheke Ed. {Marshall), 1 $ ; Natal, Durban 
(Leigh), 1 $ ; Madagascak, type t marice in Coll. Mabille ; 
Seychelles {Trevor-Roper), 1 $ ; Punjab, 4 cJ , 1 2 , type cygnns, 
Jubliulpore, 1 S, Deyra Dhun, 1 2 ; Sikhim (Dudr/eon), 2 2 ; 
Madras, Nilgiris (ffampson), 2 2 ; Ceylon, Diyatalawa (Green), 

1 d" , I 2 ; Sumatra; Cixebes; Be. New Guinea, Ekeikei (Pratt), 

2 c? , 2 2 , Mt. Kebea (Pratt), 1 2 ; Australia, type 2 ■> Eanksian 
Coll. ; Queensland, Brisbane (Txirner), 2 2; N. S. Wales (Wood), 
1 S , type fjlahra ; Rarotonga ( Wijatt), 2 c? : Tahiti (Matthew, 
J. J. iValJcei^, 3 J , 8 2 . ^^n^. 34-54 millim. 

4797. Cliasmina alcidamea. 

Chas7niva alcidamea, Druce. P. Z. S. 1890, p. 512; id. Biol Centr.-Am., 
Het. ii. p. 474, pi. 93. f. 7. 

(5 . Head and thorax white, the palpi and antennae tinged with 
brown ; fore femora fuscous above ; abdomen white tinged with 
ochreous ; wings pure white. 

Bab. Guatemala (Rodriguez), 1 S type Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Exj). 40 millim. 

4798. Chasmina tenuilinea, n. sp. (Plate CXLV. fig. 4.) 

2 . Silvery white ; fore tibia with two black points, the 1st 
joint of tarsus with one point, the other joints ringed with yellow ; 
mid and hind tarsi with black points on terminal joints. Fore wing 
with tine brown postmedial line obliquely excurved from costa to 
vein 6, then slightly incurved ; traces of a series of black points 
just before termen. 

Hah. Bali (Dohcrty), 1 2 type. Exp. 24 millim. 

4799. Cliasmina judicata. 

Acontia judicata, Wlk. sv. 1760 (18r)8) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 289. 
Chasmina linea, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. I'd, pi. 146. f. 3 (1891). 

S . Silvery white ; palpi blackish in front towards tips ; antennae 
fuscous except at base ; fore femora fuscous above, the tibiae with 
two black spots and the 1st two joints of tarsi with one spot ; 
mid and hind tibiae at extremity and the 1st two joints of tarsi with 
black points. Fore wing with subbasal and antemedial black points 



CHA3MIXA. 355 

on costa ; a medial black point on costa with traces of an oblique 
yellow striga from it ; postmedial line pale brown with a black 
point on costa, obliquely excurved to vein 6, then slightly incurved ; 
a series of slight black points just before termen ; a fine brownish 
terminal line; cilia fuscous at tips, Hiud wing with fine brownish 
terminal line, the cilia tinged with fuscous at tips ; the underside 
with black points on termen from apex to vein 3. 

Hah. Punjab, 1 c? type, Jubbulpore, 3 $ ; Rajptttana, 1 S ; 
Madras, Nilgiris {Hampson), 1 S type linea, Travancore, Pirmad 
{Imray), 3 J; Ceylon. Exj_j. 36 millim. 

4800. Chasmina rejecta. 

Nociua rejecta, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 601 (1775). 

Jconiia bimacula, Wlk. xii. 796 (1857) ; 13utl. 111. Het. B. M. iii. p. 20, 

pi. 45. f. 8 ; Hnipsn. Moth.s Ind. ii. p. 289. 
Chasmina stigmata, Huipsn. 111. Het. B. M, viii. p. 73, pi. 145. f. 10 

(1891). 

Silvery white ; palpi brown above and at ti[)s; frons with brown 
bar above ; auteiiuiE brown ; fore femora black above, the tibiae 
with two black bands, the tarsi banded with black ; mid and hind 
tibiae with black points at extremity, the 1st two joints of tarsi 
with black points, the terminal joints ringed with yellowish. Fore 
wing with small subbasal and antemedial black spots on costa ; a 
medial black spot on costa with oblique yellow striga from it ; a 
faint postmedial j^ellowish line with black spot on costa and series 
of black points just beyond it on veins 6 to 1, slight!} bent outwards 
below costa, excurved to vein 4, then oblique ; a brownish sub- 
terminal mark defined by black and with two white points on it 
on costa, extending to vein 0, its inner edge slightly indented below 
costa and. its outer edge sharply at vein 7, a diHused yellow line 
from it to inner margin ; a series of slight black striae just before 
termen ; a fine yellowish terminal line ; cilia with yellowish line 
at middle and yellowish tips. Hind wing with fine yellowish 
terminal line ; the underside with terminal series of black points 
from apex to vein 3. 

Ab. 1. stirjmata. Fore wing with the markings obsolescent, the 
costal patch yellowish rufous. 

Hab. jST. China, 1 c5' , AVei-ha-wai {de la Oarde), 1 $ ; Hong 
Kong (Bowring, J. J. JValker), 1 (5 , 1 $ type bimacida ; Punjab, 
Jubbulpore, 1 J; Madras, Nilgiris {Hampson), 1 c? type stigviata, 
Travancore, Trevandrum ( Fergusson), 1 c? , Ceyi-on ; Burma, Hsipaw 
(de Niceville), 1 $ ; Nicobaes {Rogers), 1 J , jS'ancowry, 1 $ . 
Exp. 26-36 millim. 

4801. Chasmina pulchra. (Plate CXLV. fig. 5.) 

Acontia pulchra, Wlk. xii. 797 (1857). 

Silvery white ; palpi fulvous yellow at tips ; frons with fulvous 
yellow band above ; antennae fulvous ; fore femora orange above at 

2a 2 



356 NOCTUID.E. 

extremitj', the tibige and tarsi banded with orange. Fore wing 
with subbasal, antemedial, and medial orange-red spots on costa ; 
a subterminai red-brown patch Irom cosla to vein 4, orange- 
red at costa on inner side and blue-black and white on outer, its 
lower part bent outwards, traces of a maculate brown line from it 
to submedian fold and a black striga at inner margin ; a series of 
brown striae just before termen with a black point below vein 4 ; 
a fine brown terminal line ; cilia brownish at tips. Hind Aving 
semihyaline white. 

1:1 ab. N.W. AtrsTRALiA {Gray), 1 r? type ; Qtjeenslakd, Brisbane 
{Turner), 1 $ . E.vjp. 46 millim. 



*4802. Chasmina maculata. (Plate CXLV. fig. 6.) 

Leocyma maculata, Hnipsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 290 (1894). 

5 . Head and thorax white slightly tinged with ochreous ; 
palpi with the Jst and 2ud joints black behind ; fore tarsi brown 
ringed with white ; abdomen white tinged with ochreous and 
dorsally with brown. Fore wing white slightly tinged with 
ochreous : antemedial line faint, double, brownish, waved, oblique, 
with two dark points at costa ; orbicular and reniform olive-brown 
slightly defined by red-brown, the former minute, round, in upper 
part of cell, the latter very large, elliptical, lobed on outer side and 
below, a slight blackish mark above it on costa and a red-brown 
line from it to inner margin ; postmedial line double, red-brown, 
blackish at costa, minutely waved and evenly curved, ending near 
tornus ; subt;erminal line absent; a terminal series of prominent 
black points. Hind wing white tinged with ochreous, the inner 
area with brownish ; a slight discoidal point and terminal 
series of black points from apex to vein 2 ; the underside with the 
costal area slightly irrorated with black, a small black discoidal spot 
and postmedial series of minute streaks on the veins. 

Hah. Burma, E. Pegu, 4500' (Doherty), type t $ in Coll. Eoth- 
schild. Kvy. 34 millim. 

4803. Chasmina sigillata. (Plate CXLV. fig. 7.) 

AntJicecia sigiUata, Men. Bull. Ac. St. Petersb. xvii. p. 219 (1859) ; id. 
Sclirenk's Eeis. iui Amurl., Lep. p. 60, pi. 5. f. 3 ; Stand. Cal. Lejj. pal. 
p. 226. 

Head and thorax silvery white, the latter slightly tinged and 
irrorated with brown ; palpi black-brown above and at tijjs ; 
f rons black-brown ; antenna? brown except at base ; fore femora 
above and tibiae black-brown ; abdomen white tinged with ochreous 
and irrorated with bi'owu. Fore wing silvery^ white ; a subbasal 
black point in cell ; an oblique waved antemedial brown line ; 
reniform a narrow lunule defined by black ; a slight brown post- 
medial line trom just beyond lower angle of cell to inner margin. 



CHASMINA. MOLVENA. 357 

incurved to vein 1 where it is angled outwards ; a large somewhat 
irregularly rounded postmedial chocolate-brown patch from just 
below costa to above vein 3 ; two slightly waved subterminal brown 
lines from vein 6 to inner margin ; a waved blackish line just before 
termen ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia tinged with yellow 
brown. Hind wing white tinged with ochreous and with faint 
brownish patch on termen below apex ; some brown striae on 
apical half of termen. Underside of fore wing with diffused brown 
patch on basfil half of costa and cell, rhe postmedial patch brown ; 
hind wing with small discoidal spot and curved postmedial series of 
points. 

Hah. W. Siberia, Ussuri ; Japan^, Hakodate, 1 S , Oiwake 
{Pnjer), 2 J , 1 $ . Exj). 40-42 millim. 



4804. Chasmina biplaga. 

Acontia hiplaqa, Wlk. xii. 795 (1857); Biitl. 111. Het. B. M. iii. p. 19, 

pi. 45. f. 7. 
Euphasia subajncaUs, Wlk. xxxiii, 780 (1865). 
Acontia hiplagiata, Wlk. xxxiii. 781 (18(55). 

Silvery white ; palpi fulvous above and at tips ; frons with 
black bar above ; antennae brown ; legs tinged with ochreous brown, 
the fore tibiae with two blackish points ; abdomen with faint 
diffused brownish ochreous bands. Fore wing with oblique wedge- 
shaped fulvous band from middle of costa to lower angle of cell ; 
reniform incompletely defined by brown and with brown spot at 
middle, constricted at middle ; a yellow-brown wedge-shaped patch 
irom lower angle of cell to termen between veins 4 and 1 ; a bright 
rufous elliptical subterminal patch from just below costa to vein 4 ; 
a yellow-brown mark at apex and slight subterminal line followed 
by a fine waved line just before termeu with black point on it below 
vein 4 ; a fine brown terminal line ; cilia brown at tips. Hind wing 
with diffused brownish terminal band, the cilia tinged with brow^n ; 
the underside with slight discoidal spot and curved postmedial series 
of points. 

Hah. Japan, Fusan {Leech), 1 S , Shiraonoseki {Leech), 1 S, 
Isuruga {Leech), 1 $ , Nikko {Ito), 1 5 ; Cokea, Gensan {Leech), 2 d ; 
N. China {Fortune), 2 (S type and type suhajncalis, Nankow Pass, 
1 $ ; C. China, Ningpo, 1 § ; W. China, Kwei-chow, 1 J , Chang- 
yang {Pratt), 1 d ■ Exp. 32-38 milHm. 



Genus MOLVENA. 

Tvpe. 
Molvena, Wlk. xxxiv. 1266 (1865) yu'ttalis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, extending t(j just beyond frons 
and moderately fringed with hair below ; irons with long truncate corneous 
])roces8 with raised edges and pointed corneous plate below it ; eyes large, 



358 



NOCTUID^. 



round ; anteniife of female ciliated ; thorax clothed almost, entirely with scales 
and without crests ; tibiae smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore 
wing with the apex rounded, tlie termen CTenly curved and not crenulale; 
■veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; B from upper angle ; 9 from lU anas- 
tomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocelhilars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



4805. Molvena guttalis. 

Molvena guttnlis, Wlk. xxxiv. 1267 (18(in). 

Bryophila militata, Lucas, Pr. R. Soc. Queensl. xiii. p. 71 (1898). 

2 . Pale sea-green ; palpi black except at tips ; antennje l)lnck 
except at base; vertex of head with black spot; patagia with black 
bars near base ; pro- and mesothorax with paired black spots ; tibiae 
and tarsi banded with black ; abdomen with black bands except at 




¥\g.\&d.— Molvena guttalis, 2- \- ' 

base and on ventral surface. Fore wing with black spot at base ; 
subbasal spots on costa and below cell, followed by spots on costa, 
in subraedian fold and on inner margin, with a bar-shaped mark iu 
cell further from base ; orbicular and reniform small black spots 
with white centres, connected by an oblique streak and the former 
connected with costa by an irregular band : the medial area with 
two black bars in submedian interspace and spots on inuei- margin ; 
three small blsck spots beyond end of cell ; postmedial line repre- 
sented by a spot on costa, a maculate line between veins 7 and 4 
emitting short streaks in the interspaces, a point below vein 4, and an 
incurved line between vein 3 and tornus ; two black marks from 
costa towards apex, a trifid mark at middle of termen and a 
sagittate mark above tornus ; some black points on termen. Hind 
wing with slight discoidal black lunule, diffused medial line from 
vein 6 to above tornus and broad terminal band from apex to 
submedian fold. 

Bob. Queensland, Moreton Bay (Biggies), 1 $ type. E.vjp. 36 
millim. 



Genus CALLYNA. 
Callyna, Guen. Noct. i. p. 112 (1852) 



Type. 
siderea. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching to vertex 
of head, smoothly scaled and flattened against the irons, the 3rd short or 
moderate : frons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennae of male typically 



CALLYNA. 359 

ciliated ; thorax smoothly clothed almost entirely with scales and without 
crests; tibiiu moderately fringed with hair; abdomen with some rough hair 
at base but without crests. Fore wing rather narrow, the margins subparallel, 
tlie apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and slightly crenulate ; veins 3 
and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; D from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing \vith veins 3, 4 from 
angle of ct-ll ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of disi'oeellulars ; 6, 7 from 
upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



Sect. I. Antennre of male bipectinate with very short brandies dilated at 
extremity. 

4806. Callyna nigerrima. 

Gallyna nigerrima, Hnipsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 490 (1902). 

Head and thorax velvety black ; mid tibiae with oranu;e patch, 
the tarsi ringed with grey ; abdomen greyish fuscous. Fore wing 
uniform velvety black with an antemedial and four postmedial 




Fig. 164. — Callyna nigerrima, (^ . \. 

slight orange points on costa. Hind wing glossy fuscous brown 
with a greyish tinge ; the underside bluish grey thickly irrorated 
with fuscous, the apical area rather blacker, a faint diffused curved 
postmedial line. 

Hah. Bk. C. Afejca, Stevenson lid. (Deivar), 1 2 '■, Mashonaland, 
Salisbury (Marshall), 3 c? , 3 5 type ; Zultjland, 1 J • Ex^). 
38-44 millim. 



Sect. II. Antennae of male ciliated. 

A. Abdomen with the terminal segments orange siderea, 

B. Abdomen with the terminal segments not orange. 

a. Fore wing black decora. 

b. Fore wing purplish brown. 

a^. Fore wing with white or yellowish apical patch. 

a2. Fore wing with ante- and postmedial black patches 
on costa. 
a3. Fore wing with the postmedial line dentate and 
produced to white points on the veins from 

vein 4 to inner margin costiplaga. 

Ifi. Fore wing with the postmedial line not dentate or 
produced to white points from vein 4 to inner 
margin Icucon ota. 



360 KocTiacT:. 

/;-. Fore wing witliout ante- and post medial black 
patches on costa. 
a^. Fore wing witb dark fascia in discal fold between 
postmedial and subterniinal lines, 
a'*. Fore wing witb tbe claTiform a chocolate mark 

conflnent witb orbi^ailar figtirans. 

/)'*. Fore wing witb the davilorm represented by a 

small black spot jugaria. 

c*. Fore wing with the elnviCorm absent. 

«5. Fore wing witb the postmedial line dentate 

Irom costa to vein 4 aemiviffa. 

}fi. Fore wing with the postmedial line oMiqne 

and straight fi-om costa to rein 4 'my^tica. 

Ifi. Fore wing with oblique dark siiade beyond jiost- 

medial line from costa to Tcin 4 ohscrtra. 

c^. Fore wing without dark fascia or shade beyond 

post med ial 1 i lie in ovoIeKca. 

IA. Fore wing without })ale apical patfb. 

n^. Hind wing dark brown fnsir/nfaria. 

i2. Hind wing white, the terminal area tinged with 

brown cvpricolora. 



4807. Callyna siderea. 

Callyiut MtZerm, Guen. Noct. i. p. 113 (1852); Hmpsn. Moths lud. ii, 
p.' 356. 

Head and thorax black glossed with blue ; palpi with the basal 
joint and the basal half of -iid joint in IVont oran^'c ; ooxie oranj^c ; 
tibia> and tarsi banded with orange ; abdomen black glossed with 
blue, the four terminal segments and tile ventral surface orange. 
Fore wing black strongly glossed with blue ; an orange point at 
base; subbasal line represented by an orange spot below costa ; 
autemedial line black, excurved below costa where there is an orange 




Fig. 165. — Callyna siderea, <$ . \. 

spot before it and ending at submedian fold ; claviform large, defined 
)))• black, except its basal part above and with a black streak 
through it ; orbicular and reniform defined by black and with black 
bars in centres, both elliptical, the former incomplete above and 
below ; postmedial line black, curved downwards and bent outwards 
below costa where there is a large white spot beyond it, excurved 
to vein 4, then incurved and ending at submedian fold, some white 
poiiits beyond it on costa; 8ul)terminal line represented l)y a series 
of small black s])ots, somewhat excurved below vein 7 and at middle 
and ending at submedian fold, with an orange subapical spot beyond 
it with some white above it on co^la and bhuk point on it; a 



CALLYXA. 3G1 

more or less complete series of orange points before termen ; a 
terminal series of black points ; cilia brownish at tips. Hind wini? 
fuscous brown with two small blnisli-white subapical spots ; cilia 
whitish at tips in subinedian interspace ; tlie underside bluish 
white, the veins, costal area towards apes, terminal area to vein 2, 
and a sli^jht discoirlal bar blackish. 

H(th. S. China, Hainan, Five Fingered ^Its. (WhiteJiead), 1 c5' ; 
Punjab (Home), 1 c? , 1 $ , Almorah (Boys), 1 J , 1 $ , Dliarmsala 
(Hockinff), 1 $, Alahabad, 1 c? : jS'epal, 1 c? ; Assam, Khasis ; 
13oMBAY, Pooua ; Ceylon (Pole), 1 2 • ^'''i'- 36-42 millim. 



4808. Callyna decora. (Plate CXLV. fig. 8.) 

Callyna decora, Wlk. xiii. 1119 (1857). 

Head and thorax black ; palpi, pectus, and legs greyish fuscous, 
the tibitc and tarsi ringed with orange; abdomen greyish fuscous. 
Fore wing glossy black ; a subbasal band from costa to submedian 
fold, antemedial bar from costa to subcostal nervure and postmedial 
spot on costa pinkish white, whiter at costa ; some whitish points 
on postmedial part of costa and a pinkish-white apical spot with its 
outer edge excised. Hind wing glossy black-brown with a grejish 
tinge, the costal area whitish ; the underside dark bluish grey with 
the apical area blackish, traces of a curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Natal, Durban (Gooch, Lc'kjIi), 3 J , 2 5 . Ej'p. 42-50 
millim. 

Larva. White with irregular crimson patches more or less com- 
pletely ringetl with black si)ots and forming ill-defined segmental 
bands; the dorsal patches on 11th and 12th somites obsolete and 
replaced by a faint pink tinge; the head, 1st and anal somites 
with the marking entirely black ; the abdominal somites with black 
bars in front ; the warts black with long white hairs, the subbasal 
warts on somites 4, 5, 6 elongate conical. 

4809. Callyna costiplaga. 

Callyna codij^laga, Moore, Lep. Ceyl. iii. p. 100, pi. 156. f. 10(1885); 
Hmpsn. Moth's Ind. ii. p. 357. 

Head and tegulse velvety black, the latter with a few white 
scales at tips ; palpi brown, whitish at base ; thorax red-brown ; 
pectus whitish ; legs brown mixed with ochrcous, the tibiae and 
tarsi ringed with ochreous white ; abdomen red-brown, the ventral 
surface whitish. Fore wing red-brown mixed with some ochreous ; 
subbasal line double filled in wirh ochreous, obliquely curved, irom 
costa to submedian fold ; the antemedial area witli large quadrate 
velvety-black patch from costa to median nervure, with a small 
spot, below it on the inner edge of the antemedial line which is 
double, filled in M'ith ochreous, oblique, sinuous ; claviform repre- 
sented by a few black scales at its extremity ; orbicular and 



362 



N0CTU1D.T:. 



reniform with ochreous annuli and some white scales in lower part, 
both constricted at middle; medial line red-brown, blackish at 
costa, oblique to reniform, erect from lower angle of cell to inner 
margin ; postraedial line double and filled in with ochreous, oblique 
and sinuous from costa to vein 5, then minutel}^ dentate and 
produced to white points on the veins ; the postmcdial area with 
quadrate velvety black patch from costa to vein 5 ; subterminal 
line ochreous defined on inner side by small black spots at middle, 
excurved below vein 7 and at middle and bent outwaVds to tornus, 
a rounded white patch beyond it at apex leaving small brown spots 
on termen ; cilia dark red-brown with a fine yellow line at base. 
Hind wing fuscous brown with a cupreons gloss ; cilia yellow with 
slight dark spots from apex to vein 2 ; the underside ochreous 
white irrorated with brown, the terminal area suffused with brown, 
a slight discoidal lunule and curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith), 1 S ; Madras, Nilgiris {Hampson\ 1 <S , 
1 5 ; Ceylo:s- {Mrs. Liadesay), 4 $ type, Trincomali (Yerhury), 
1 c? . Ex-jj. 44-50 millim. 



4810. Callyna leuconota. (Plate CXLV. fig. 9.) 

Callyna leuconota, Lower, Tr. E. Soc. S. Austr. sxvii. p. 35 (1903). 
Callyna blplagiata, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 217 (J906). 

Head and tegulse black-brown ; thorax greyish brown ; tibiaj and 
tarsi with pale bands ; abdomen fuscous brown. Fore wing 
greyish brown ; an indistinct somewhat curved subbasal line from 
costa to submedian fold with a black patch from it to the ante- 
medial line which is angled outwards below costa, incurved in cell 
then excurved to vein 1 below which it is obsolete, the patch 
ending in a curved point on the antemedial line below the cell ; 
orbicular small, round, with fuscous centre and grey annulus, a 
blaciv point below it in submedian fold ; a medial shade in- 
distinct and oblique from costa to median nervure, then more 
prominent and erect ; reniform narrow^, with grey annulus ; post- 
medial line indistinct, oblique and incurved from costa to discal 
fold, then double and erect, a large black-brown patch on costa 
from it to subterminal line extending to discal fold ; subterminal 
line incurved from costa to vein 7, angled inwards in discal fold, 
excurved at middle and incurved below vein 3, some dentate black 
marks on its inner edge at middle and a white patch beyond it at 
apex ; a terminal series of slight dark lunules with white points 
between them. Hind wing fuscous brown, the cilia white at tips ; 
the underside with the basal half greyish, a small discoidal spot and 
curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Br, jS". Guinea, Ekeikei (Pratt), 1 $ ; Queensland, Bris- 
bane, type t 2 in Coll. Lower. Ea^^). 46 millim. Type t c5' 
hiplagiata in Coll. Bethune- Baker. 



CALLTNA. 303 

4811. Callyna figurans. (Plate CXLV. fig. 10.) 
Callyna figurans, Wlk. xv. 1667 (1858). 

$ . Head black-brown with white patch on frons and some 
white above eyes, the palpi irrorated with white ; thorax chocolate- 
red with a few white scales; pectus bluish grey: legs brown, the 
tibiae and tarsi ringed with yellowish white ; abdomen fuscous 
tinged with ])luish grey, the ventral surface irrorated with white. 
Fore wing chocolate-red with a purplish-grey gloss and irrorated 
with a few white scales ; some ochreous-yellow marks at base ; 
subbasal line defined on each side by diffused ochreous yellow, 
sinuous, from costa to submedian fold, a curved yellow striga 
beyond it across the cell; antemedial Hue formed by dark strite 
defined on each side by ochreous yellow, oblique, sinuous, with 
white point before it on vein 1 ; claviform deep chocolate, extending 
to cell ; orbicular and reniform with ochreous annuli, the former 
with deep chocolate centre, round, the latter with its centre deep 
chocolate on inner side, yellowish on outer; postmedial line formed 
by dark striae defined on each side by rather diffused ochreous, 
oblique from costa to vein 4, then slightly incurved, a deep 
chocolate fascia from it to subterminal line in discal fold ; a pure 
white rather lunulate spot on costa before apex tinged with 
ochreous at costa ; subterminal line formed by slight ochreous 
marks tinged with red and defined on inner side by slight chocolate 
luuule?, somewhat excurved at middle; a terminal scries of minute 
white points. Hind wing fuscous brown with a faint bluish grey 
gloss ; a terminal series of slight white points ; the underside 
fuscous brown irrorated with white, the basal and inner areas 
suffused with blue-grey, a slight dark discoidal bar and rather 
diffused postmedial hand. 

Hub. Natal, Durban (Gunnzius, Leigh), 2 5 type. Exp. 38- 
44 millim. 

Larva. Pale yellow with doiible dorsal series of small brown spots 
forming bars on somites 4, 5, 6, and 12 ; three subdorsal lines, a 
lateral line and a broad sublateral fascia ; head red ; prolegs 
pink. 

4812. Callyna jugaria. 

Callyna jugaria, Wlk. xv. 1809 (1858); Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. is. p. 106, 
pi. 163. f. 20 ; id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 356. 

Head chocolate-brown; palpi paler, whitish at base; tegulae 
black-brown ; thorax grey-brown ; pectus and legs whitish tinged 
with brown, the tibiae and tarsi brown ringed with white ; abdomen 
grey-brown, the anal tuft pale rufous, the ventral surface whitish 
tinged with rufous. Fore wing chocolate-brown with a purplish 
gloss, the basal inner area greyish, the antemedial costal area and 
the medial area except at costa and inner margin suffused and 
irrorated with grey ; subbasal line double, grey, curved, from costa 
to submedian fold ; antemedial line double, grey, oblique, slightly 



864 



NocxriD.Ti:. 



sinuous ; claviform represented by a small black spot ; orbicular 
and reniform defined b)' grey, the former with grey-brown centre, 
inwardly obIi(]ue elliptical, the latter with its centre irrorated with 
grej'^ rather narrow and constricted at middle, a. white point 
beyond its lower extremity, a chocolate-brown fascia from it to 
subterminal line in discal fold interrupted by the postmedial line 
which is daik defined on outer side by diffused grey, oblique from 
costa to vein 4, tlien incurved ; subterminal line Very sliglit, 
whitish, defined on inner side by deep chocolate, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle, incurved at discal fold and almost obsolete 
below vein 3, a white spot beyond it at apex ; a terminal series of 
small chocolate spots ; cilia with a fine whitish line at base. Hind 
wing brown with a cupreous gloss ; cilia whitish ; the underside 
whitish irrorated and suffused with brown, especially on terminal 
half leaving the termen whiter, a dark discoidal lunule. 

Hah. Punjab, Deyra Dhun, 1 §, Manpuri, 1 S ; Sikhim (Gz-o^e, 
Li>lclerdale),2 2 ; Bengal, ] 5 type; Ceylon, Punduloya (Gr/Y<?n), 
2 5 ; Andamans. Kvp. 40-50 miUim. 

4813. Callyna semivitta. 

Callyna semivitta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 161 (1882); Waterh. Aid, ii. 
pi. 100. f. '6\ Hmpsii. Moths Ind. ii. p. 366. 

2 . Head deep chocolate-brown mixed with some white ; palpi 
with the 1st and 2nd joints white in front; thorax chocolate-red, 
the tegulee white at base ; pectus and legs brown mixed with 
white, the tibitB and tarsi ringed with white : abdomen grev-brown, 
the ventral surface irrorated with white. Fore wing chocolate-red 
with a purple gloss, irrorated with a few white scales, the base and 
the area below costa and the upper part of cell thickly irrorated 
with ochreous white to postmedial line ; subbasal line indistinctly 
double filled in with white, waved, from costa to submedian fold ; 
antemedial line defined on each side by ochreous white, waved, 
interrupted, obsolete below submedian fold, an oblique white striga 
before it across the cell ; orbicular and reniform with white annuli 
defined by black, the former with some ochreous scales in centre, 
its outer edge produced to a streak connected with the reniform, 
which has an ochreous centre, narrow, rather constricted at middle 
and slightly angled inwards on median nervure; postmedial line 
double, filled in with ochreous white, irregularly waved, oblique 
from costa to vein 4, below vein 3 represented by white points on 
the veins, a black-brown fascia from it to subterminal line in discal 
fold ; some white points on postmedial part of costa ; an apical 
ochreous-white patch extending onto the cilia at apex and with 
dark striae on it at termen and dark wedge-shaped mark before it 
below costa ; the subterminal line represented by an excurved 
ochreous-white mark below the apical patch and two points in 
discal fold, then very faint, incurved below vein 3 and with slight 
dark mark on it at submedian fold ; a terminal series of white 
points. Hind wing fuscous brown with a cupreous gloss ; the cilia 



CALLYXA. 305 

greyish intersected with white at the veins and tipped with white 
between veins 6 and 4 ; the underside brown irrorated with white, 
espeeialh' on basal half, the inner area grejish, a brown discoidal 
lunule and diffused medial band, some white on termen between 
veins 2 and 1. 

Hah. Punjab, Kulu (Hochiug), 1 5 ; Sikhim (Lidderdale, 
Atlcinson), 3 $ type. Exjj. 48-66 millim. 

4814. Callyna mystica. (Plate CXLV. fig. 11.) 
Dinumina viijstica, Wlk. xv. 1807 (1858) ; Hmpsn. Moths IncL ii. p. 357. 

5 . Head and thorax red-brown suffused with purple ; pectus 
greyer ; tarsi with slight pale rings ; abdomen greyish brown. 
Fore wing red-brown suffused with purple except the costal area 
and cell to postmedial line which is fiery red and ochreous mixed ; 
subbasal line represented by an oblicjue red and ochreous striga 
from costa ; antemedial line defined by ochreous on inner side, 
angled outwards below costa and inwards on median uervure and 
vein 1, excurved and obsolescent above inner margin ; a slight 
rufous streak from it to postmedial line in submedian fold ; orbicular 
and reniform very small and almost conjoined, with slight ochreous 
annuli, the former defined by black below, the latter at sides ; post- 
medial line brown defined on each side by reddisli ochreous, oblique 
from costa to vein 4, then incurved and very minutely dentate, 
some slight pale points beyond it on costa and a black-brown fascia 
from it to subterminal line in discal fold ; subterminal line slight, 
reddish ochreous defined on inner side by a dentate black mark 
below vein 6 and smaller marks below veins 4, 3, excurved below 
vein 7 and at middle and angled inwards in discal fold, an ochreous 
white spot beyond it at apex ; a series of ochreous white points 
just before termen. Hind wing dark red-brown; cilia with whitish 
mixed, and with brown line through them ; the underside brown 
tinjied with grey and irrorated with white, a diffused curved post- 
medial line. 

Uab. Bdrma, Moulmein {Cleric), 1 5 type. E.vp. 40 millim. 

4815. Callyna obscura, n. sp. (Plate CXLV. fig. 12.) 

9 . Head and thorax dark purplish brown mixed with some 
ochreous ; tegulse ochreous at tips ; pectus greyish ochreous ; legs 
brown mixed with grey, the tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen 
dark brown mixed with grey, the ventral surface ochreous irrorated 
with white. Pore wing dark purplish brown irrorated with grey ; 
subbasal line double, waved, from costa to submediun fold ; ante- 
medial line double, waved, oblique ; orbicular a round dark spot 
defined by some white ; reniform narrow, slightly defined by 
whitish ; a faint oblique dark shade from lower angle of cell to 
inner margin ; postmedial line dark, oblique aud defined on outer 
side by whitish from costa to vein 4, then incurved, diffused aud 
somewhat dentate, with an oblique blackish shade beyond it from. 



36(5 NocTriD.E. 

costa to vein 4 and some pale points on costa ; subterminal line 
indistinct, dark, dentate and defined on outer side by oblique 
■whitish strise from costa to vein 6, then verj^ indistinct, waved, a 
yellowish patch beyond it at apex; a fine whitish line at base of 
cilia. Hind wing dark grey-brown with a cupreous gloss ; a fine 
whitish line at base of cilia ; the underside whitish thickly irrorated 
with brown, the terminal area suffused with brown, a dark discoidal 
lunulo and diffused curved postmedial line. 

Hah. Gazaland, Chirinda Porest {Marsliall), 1 $ type. Exp. 
■ 40 millim. 

4816. Callyna monoleuca. 

Callyna monoleiwa, Wlk. xv. 16G7 (1858) : Hinpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 356. 
Leoci/'ma, apioalis, Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. xxiii. p. 54, pi. 4. f. 9 (1880). 

Head and thorax deep chocolate-brown mixed with a few white 
scales ; white points on sides of basal joint of antennae and above 
the eyes ; pectus grey ; tibiae and tarsi ringed with whitish ; 
abdomen dark brown tinged with grey, the genital tufts whitish. 
Fore wing deep chocolate-brown, slightly irrorated with grey ; 
subbasal line slight, ochreous, waved, from costa to submedian 
fold ; antemedidl liue formed by ochreous points, oblicjue, waved, 
almost obsolete on inner half; orbicular slightly defined by dark 
brown and with ochreous annulus to upper half, round ; reniform 
slightly defined by dark brown with small ochreous spot on its 
outer edge and some grey points above ; postmedial line dark 
brown with slight ochreous marks on its outer edge and some grey 
scales on it towards costa, bent outwards below costa, then produced 
to short dark streaks on the veins, slightly incurved at discal fold, 
incurved below vein 4 ; an ochreous white apical spot with dark 
point on it at costa, the faint dentate subterminal line arising from 
it defined on outer side by slight ochreous marks. Hind wing 
fuscous brown with a cupreous gloss ; the underside fuscous tinged 
with grey and slightly irrorated with white, the apex rather 
darker, a faint diffused dark postmedial line. 

Hah. SiKHiJi, 4 $ ; Assam; Bombay, Kanara(TFrtrcZ), 1 $ type, 
Karwar {Bell), 1 S ; Madras, Nilgiris (Hampson), 1 c? ; Ceylon^, 
Trincomali (Verbunj), 1 (^ ; Burma, Rangoon, 1 §, Up. Burma, 
Pakoko ( Wood), 1 c? ; Nicobaes, Naucowry, 1 c? ; Java (Hors- 
field), 2 $ ; Celebes ; Br. N. Guinea, Pt. Moresby, 1 $ , Ekeikci 
{Pratt), 1 c?, 3 5, Mt. Kebea {Pratt), I d" , ^.^7^, 3G-5U millim. 

Larva. Black with the head white, 

*4S17. Callyna fuscantaria. (Plate CXLV. fig. 13.) 
Callyna, fuscantaria, Beth.-Baker, Nov. Zool. xiii. p. 218 (190(i). 

cJ . Head and thorax chocolate-brown irrorated with a few 
white scales ; tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen dark grey-brown, 
the ventral surface irrorated with white. Fore wing chocolate- 
brown with a cupreous gloss especially on terminal area ; subbasal 



CALLYXA. — OXYTHRES. o()7 

line represented by s^ligbt white points on and helow costa ; ante- 
medial line dark, oblique, waved, with white points on it on and 
below costu ; a dark medial shade excurved at middle ; postmedial 
line slight, dark, minutely dentate, with white point at costa, 
oblique to vein 4, then erect and incurved at submedian fold ; 
traces of a minutely waved subterniinal line excurved below vein 7 
and at middle ; traces of a rounded apical patch defined by a few 
white scales. Hind wing dark brown with a cupreous gloss; cilia 
greyer ; the underside brown tinged and irrorated with grey, the 
inner area greyish, a diffused dark brown bar from middle of costa 
and postmedial band. 

Hab. Bk. New Guinea, Ekeikei (Pratt), type t (5' in Coll. Betiiune- 
Baker. Exp. 40 millira. 



4818. Callyna cupricolora. (Plate CXLV. fig. 14.) 

Callyim cuprlcolor, Hnipsn. Ann. S. Afr. Miis. ii. p. 401 (1902). 

S . Head and thorax dark brown with a purple gloss ; pectus 
and legs greyer, the tarsi slightly ringed with white ; abdomen 
whitish suffused with red-brown and with blackish segmental lines. 
Fore wing purplish plum-colour, the costal area blackish irrorated 
with a few white scales, the terminal area and a streak on inner 
margin except at base crimson-red; traces of dark antemedial 
line; claviform very elongate and defined by chucolate-brown ; 
orbicular and reniform with slight grey annuli defined by black 
scales and with streaks of black scales before and between them, 
the former round, the latter narrow and constricted at middle ; 
postmedial line only rei)rescnted by minute dark streaks in the 
interspaces beyond the cell ; subterminal line absent ; cilia with a 
fine white line at base. Hind wing white, the veins brownish, a 
slight diffused brown subterminal shade and fine brown terminal 
line; the underside with the costal and apical areas irrorated with 
brown, a discoidal point and postmedial series of minute streaks on 
the veins. 

Hah. Mashonaiand, Salisbury {MarshaU), 1 J type, Exp. 36 
millim. 



Genus OXYTHRES. 

Type. 
Oxythres, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) v. p. 517 (1900) splendeois. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2ncl joint hardly reaching 
to niiddle of irons and broadly scaled, tlie 3rd short ; frons witii rdunded 
prominence with corneous plale below it; eyes large, round; antennaj of male 
■very minutely serrate iind fasciculate; thorax clotLed with hair ouly and 
wilhiiut crests; tibia moderately fringed with hair; abdomen wifliout crests. 
Fore wing long and narrow, ttie apex rounded, the termen very obliquely 
curved ; veins o and 5 from near angle of cell ; G from upper angle ; t» Irom 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent irom just below middle of 
diseocellulars ; 6, 7 from ujiper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base 
only. 



368 



^fOCTUID.'E. 



4819. Oxythres splendens. 

Oxyihrcs splendens., Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) v. p. 517 (1900). 
Head fuscous with some rufous between antennoe; palpi rufous, 
the 3rd joint black; antennge tinged with purplish; thorax white 
tinged with pale purplish brown ; pectus in front and legs fuscous, 
the tarsi ringed with white; abdomen whitisli tinged with fuscous, 
the sides blackish, the anal tuft ochreous. Fore wing pinkish 
white, the interspaces suffused with chestnut-red except on costal 
area, deepest in cell and paler towards inner margin and termen, 
the costal edge red ; antemedial line obsolete on costal area, then 
chestnut, double filled in with whitish, strongly angled outwards 
in submedian fold, angled inwards on vein 1 and outwards above 
inner margin ; orbicular and reniform with vrhitish annuli and 




Fig. 1G6. — Oxythres splendens, S ■ \. 

white lines in centres, the former oblique elliptical extending to 
well below cell, the latter rather S-shaped ; five luiiulate ^vhitish 
lines on terminal half, obsolete on costal area and oblique below 
vein 4 ; a triangular black patch on costa towards apes ; cilia 
whitish. Hind wing pure semihyaline white with some fuscous on 
costa at apex. Underside of fore wing white, the costal area 
suffused wdth pink to subr-erminal line with fuscous suffusion below 
it to submedian fold, a diflPused curved postmedial line from costa 
to vein 2, red on costal area, then blackish, a diffused blackish 
subterminal curved band from costa to vein 2 ; hind wing with 
fuscous marks on costa at middle and towards apex. 

Hah. Colombia, 1 $ ; Peru, in Coll. Dognin, Exp. cS 44, 
$ 48 millim. Type f in Coll. Druce. 



Genus EUTERPIA. 



Type. 



Enterpia, Guen. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1850, p. 235 laudcti. 

EuierpAa, Guen. Isoct. ii. p. 171 (1S52) laudeti. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi' obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint not 
reaching middle of frons and fringed with rather long hair in front, the 3rd 
short • Irons smooth ; eyes large, round ; antennjE of male ciliated ; thorax 
clothed with hair only and without crests; libiiae moderately fringed with 
liair ; abdomen with dorsal crest at base only. Fore wing with the apex 
rounded; the termen evenly curved and not crenulate ; veins 3 and 5 I'roin 
near angle of cell; (i from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form the areole ; ll from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
5 obsolescent from just below middle of diseocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 




EUTERPIA. 36i^ 

4820. Eiiterpia laudeti. 

Cleophana laudeti, Boisd. Gen. & Ind. Meth. p. 152 (1840) ; Dap. Lep. 
Fr., Suppl, iv. p. 391, pi. 82. f. 1 ; Fr. Neue Eeitr. pi. 395. f. 1 ; Herr.- 
Schaff. Eur. Schmett., Noct. ff. 228-9; Mill. Icones, iii. pi. 128. ff. 1-4; 
Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 224. 

Acontia cretacea, Ev. Bull. Mosc. xx. 3, p. 80, pi. 6. f. 3 (1847). 

Euicrpia roseomarginaia, Calb. Iris, iv. p. 44 (1891). 

Head and thorax pure white ; palpi fuscous except at extreroity 
of 2nd joint; antennae tinged with fuscous; tibite at base and tips 
and the tarsi banded with black ; abdomen white slightly tinged with 
fuscous. Fore wing white; the basal area with a patch of purplish 
brown and bluish white from costa to vein 1 ; subbasal line repre- 
sented by black spots on costa and below the cpII ; antemedial line 
black, luiiulate from costa to above vein 1, then slighter and angled 
inwards on vein 1 ; orbicular elliptical, slightly defined by black 
and open above ; reniform brown irrorated with bluish white and 
defined by black, constricted at middle and angled inwards on 
median nervure; medial line brownish, waved, excurved at middle, 



t^^;^ 



Fig. 1G7. — Euterpia laudeii, (^, \. 

the area beyond it suffused with purplish brown to subterminal 
line; postmedial line double, black filled in with white, the inner 
line luuulate, bent outwards below costa, then waved, incurved at 
discal fold and strongly below vein 4, a blackish patch beyond it 
on costal area with white points on costa; subterminal line formed 
by the contrast between the pustmcdial and terminal areas, waved, 
M'ith black patch on inner margin and slight white lunule above it. 
Hind wing white, the veins brownish ; a diffu^^ed sliuhtly waved 
brownish postmedial band excurved at middle and bent outwards 
to tornus ; the underside with slight dark discoidal lunule, post- 
medial point on costa and diffused waved subterminal band. 

Ab. 1. rosccmargmaia. Fore wing more or less irrorated with 
pink. 

Hah, Switzerland, Valais, Frey Coll. : Tyroi,, Leech Coll. ; 
Macedonia; Eulg.abia; S. Russia, Zeller and Leech Colls. ; Armenia; 
Asia Minor, Pontus ; Syria, Antioch, Mardin ; W. Turkestan, 
Turcomania. Exp. 30-36 millim. 

Larva. Hlfm. Rnup. p. 140, pi. SO. f. 6. 

Head brown with two dark points above ; thoracic shield brown 
with dark brown marks in front and behind; body yellowish 
white with the warts brown. Food-plants : Silem otites and ivol- 
qensis and Gypsojphila jpanindata. 6-6. 

VOL. IX. 2 B 




370 



noctuid.t:. 



Genus DIPINACIA, nor. 

Type, D. schiniodes. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi with tlie 2nd joint iiptiivned, reaching 
about to middle of frons and moderately scaled, the ord moderate, porrect ; 
frons with curved corneous plate below and long rather bilobed plate at 
middle; eyes large, round; antenna; of female ciliated; thorax clothed with 
scales and hair mixed, the prothorax without, crest, the metathorax with slight 
spreading crest; tibiie slightly fringed with hair; abdomen without crests. 
Fore wing with the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and not crenu- 
late ; veins 3 and o from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 Irom 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 
3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 obsolescent from belnw middle of discocellular,« ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



4821. Dipinacia schiniodes. 

Bipinacia schiniodes, Dogn. Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. li. p. 239 (1907). 

5 . Head and thorax pale ochreous ; abdomen ochreous white 
tinged with brown. Fore wing yellowish white tinged with olive 
especially on terminal area, the basal inner area faintly tinged 
with rufous ; an indistinct diffused oblique rufous antemediai line 
from cell to inner margin and with slight olive mark on cosla ; posr- 
medial line very indistinct, whitish, excurved from costa to vein 5, 
then oblique, below vtin 3 slightly defined by rufous on inner side 




Fig. 168. — Dipiiiarin fcJiiiiiodcs. $. f. 

and with olive mark at inner margin ; subterminal line whitish 
defined by olive suffusion on inner side, slightly incurved below 
vein 3. Hind wing white suffused with brown except on basal 
and inner areas ; diffused curved brownish po.stmedial and sub- 
terminal bands. Underside of fore wing suflused with fuscous 
except on inner area ; hind wing white slightly irrorated with 
brown, a diffused curved ])0stmedial line. 

Nab. ARGENiiifA, La Rioja (GiacomelU), 1 $ , Tucuman, type t $ 
in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 28 millira. 



Genus CYTOTHYMIA, nov. 

Tj'pe, C. ohsifa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely porrect to just beyond frons 
and moderately fringed with scales below, the 3rd joint short, ; frons with 
laro-e round corneous prominence w'th raised edges, its lower edge produced 



CTTOTHYJIIA. 371 

to a trilobate plate, a eorneous plate below it ; eye« large, round; antenna! of 
male minutely ciliated ; thorax smoothly clothed with scales and without 
crests; tibiaj smoothly scaled ; abdomen witliout crests. Fore wing with tiie 
apex rounded, the tprmen evenly curved and hardly crenulate ; veins .'5 and ;"> 
from near angle of cell; fi from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 
to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins o, 4 from angle of 
cell; 5 obsolescent from b?low middle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle; 8 anastomosing witli the cell near base onlv. 



4822. Cytothymia obsita. 

Metoptria obsiia, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 108. f. 36 (1874). 

S- Head and thorax ochreous mixed with rufous; abdomen 
ochreous ; pectus, legs, and ventral surface of abdomen tinged with 
rufous and irrorated with brown. Fore wing ochreous irrorated with 
brown; traces of a waved anteraedial line with more distinct spot 
on costa and striga from inner margin ; traces of a round orbicular 
stigma with grey point in centre; reniform small, greyish with 
faint ochreous annulus, constricted at middle and expanding below, 
two brown points above it on costa ; an obliiiue rufous band from 



if 

Fig. 169. — C'l/iothi/iiiia obsifa, J. }-. 

lower angle of cell to inner margin on inner side of postmedial line, 
which is rufous defined by ochreous on outer side, with bi'own point 
at costa, excurved to vein 4, then incurved ; some rufous suffusion 
on costal area before the strong ochreous subterminal line, which is 
slightly excurved below vein 7, then oblique and expanding at 
tornus ; termiual area bright rufous ; cilia greyish and rufous at 
base with series of slight dark spots, ochreous at tips with slight 
dark spots. Hind wing ochreous irrorated with brown, the tt-rniinal 
area tinged with rufous; a faint curved postmedial line and diffused 
brown subterminal band; cilia brown at base, ochreous at tips. 
Underside of fore wing reddish yellow irrorated with brown, the 
whole disk suffused with brown leaving a pale discoidal spot ; hind 
wing yellow irrorated with brown, a diffused brown postmedial 
band. 

2 . Fore wing with the medial band extending to costa ; hind 
wing with more prominent subterminal and terminal brown bands. 

Hub. C. Colony, [Simons Town {de la Garde), 2 f^ , 2 5 , Cape 
Town {Trimen), 3 <S , '6 ? . Exp. 26-30 millira. 





372 Nor'TDiDj:. 

Genus SYNTHYMIA. 

Type. 

Sunihymia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 282 (1827) fi^a. 

Metoptria, J)up. Cat. Meth. p. 191 (1844) fixa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palj.ii porrect, sl)ort, not. reaching as f«r as frona 
and fringed witli long hair below; irons with trilobate corneous process and 
corneous plate below it ; eyes large, round ; antennae of male minutely ciliated ; 
tliorax clothed with hair overlaying sciles atid witliout crests ; tibife moderately 
fringed with hair ; abdomen with some rough hair at base but witliout crests. 
Fore wing with the apex rectangular, the termen evenly curved and not crenu- 
late ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upjier angle; it from 10 
anastomosing witli 8 to form the areole; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 
3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from middle of discocellnlars ; 6, 7 from 
ujiper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A Hind wing orange with brown terminal band fixa. 

E. Hind wing white e.vsiccata. 

4823. Synthymia fixa. 

yoctuafixa, Fabr. Ent. Syst. iii. 2, p. 46 (1794). 

INoctua monogramma, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., JN'oct. f. 353 (1808); Godt. 

Lep. Fr. v. pi. 51. ff. 4, 5 ; Mill. Icones, pi. 144. if. 12, 14 ; Staud. Oat. 

Lep. pal. p. 240. 

Head and thorax dark red-brown mixed with olive- ochreous ; 
pectus, legs, and abdomen oUve-ochreous irrorated with brown, the 
tarsi with slight pale rings. Fore wing olive-ochreous thickly 
irrorated with red-brown, the outer ]>art of medial area and the 




Fig. 170. — Sijnfhymia fixa, (^ . }. 

terminal area suffused with red-brown ; a faint pale curved anfe- 
medial line slightly defined on each side by red-brown ; orbicular 
and reniform whitish, the former narrow, erect elliptical, the latter 
narrow, constricted at middle and angled inwards on median 
nervure, and both with small dark marks in upper and lower parts ; 
a faint dark medial line defining the inner side of brown area and 
slightly angled outwards on median nervure ; postmedial line faint, 
brown, obli(iue from costa to vein 4, then incurved; a strong 
yellowisu-white subterminal line, oblique to vein 3, then incurved ; 
a slight brown terminal line ; cilia with a slight brown line through 
them. Hind wing deep orange, the base and inner area suflfused 
with bro'wn; a terminal brown band expanding towards costa and 



SYNTH y.MIA. 11EGA.L0DES. 373 

narroM'icg to a point at toruus with small brown spots before it in 
subraedian fold and above toruus : cilia ochreous mixed with brown 
and with a brown line through them. Underside of fore wing 
orange slightly suffused with brown in parts, a discoidal point, 
indistinct subterminal line, and sliglit streaks on the veins of 
terminal area ; hind wing with the costal and terminal areas 
slijihtly irrorated with brown, a faint subterminal line. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing with diffused medial and postmedial brown 
bands, 

Ab. 2. Hind Aving almost wholly suffused with brown. 

Hah. S. France, Sand Coll. ; Spain, Zeller, Frey, and Leech 
Colls., Cadiz (Walsingham), Gibraltar (Yerhury); Corsica, Pout 
du Garde (Yerbiiry) ; Italy, Liguria ; Sicily, Leech Coll.; 
?Dalmatia; Malta {B ainh rig ge- Fletcher), 1 J , 1 5 ; Algeria. 
Exp. 34-36 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Moths Eur. p, 290; Hffm. Raup. p. 144, pi. 8(3. 
f. 19. 

Green with yellow dorsal and lateral lines. Food plant, flowers 
oi Psoralea bihiininosa. 6. 

*4824. Synthymia exsiccata. 

Synthimia e.rsiccaUi, Warr. Nov. Zool. xii. p. '25, pi. iv. fF. 19, 30 (1905). 

r^ . Head and thorax white tinged with reddish ochreous ; 
abdomen white faintly tinged with ochreous. Fore wing white 
tinged with reddish ochreous ; traces of a rufous antemedial line 
with more prominent rufous point in submedian fold ; traces of 
small whitish orbicular and reniform stigmata ; postmedial line 
whitish, slightly bent outwards below costa, incurved below vein 4 
and defined on inner side by a rufous shade below vein 2 ; a faint 
whitish subterminal line slightly defined by rufous on inner side 
and slightly incurved below vein 3 ; a terminal series of slight 
rufous points. Hind wing almost pure white, the underside with 
the costal area faintly tinged with ochreous. 

Hab. Sudan, Merawi, type t J in Coll. Rothschild. Exp. 
30 millim. 

Genus MEGALODES. 

Type. 
Megalodes, Gruen.'Noct. ii. p. 261 (1862) eximia. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturnpcl and reaching about to 
middle of frons, the 2nd joint uioderately iringed with hair in front, the 3rd 
rather lone;; fruns with large round corneous prominence with raised edges, 
its lower edge produced to a large trilobate plate, a corneous plate below it ; 
eyes large, round ; antennae of male laminate and serrate; thorax clothed with 
I'ough hair and hair-like scales and without crests ; tibire fringed with rather 
long hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex somewhat 
produced and acute, the termen evenly curved and hardly crenulate ; veins 3 
and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from 
angle of cell ; o obsolt scent from just below middle of discocellulars ; U, 7 from 
upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



374 



N0CXriD.T5. 



4825. Megalodes eximia. 

Cos)7iia ca-imia, Frr. Neue Beitr. t. p. 104, pi. 442. f. 3 (1884); Herr.- 
Scbaff. Eur. Scbmett., Noct. f. 399 (1849); Guen. Noct. ii. p. 261j 
pi. 10. f. 16 ; Staud. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 240. 

Head and thorax olive-green mixed with whitish ; abdomen 
ochreous dorsally suffused with pale olive-green. Fore wing olive- 
green suffused over whitish ; the veins slightly streaked with 
whitish ; a narrow obliquely curved greenish-white antemedial 
band ; reniform slightly defined by whitish, expanding above and 
narrowing below ; a narrow greenish-whito postmedial band, 
oblique from costa to vein 7, then inwardly oblique and slightly 




Fig. 171. — Megalodes eximia, (S . \. 

incurved ; a narrow greenish-white subterminal band, slightly 
excurved below costa, then oblique ; a fine whitish terminal line ; 
cilia intersected with whitish. Hind wing whitish suffused with 
pale red-brown ; cilia whitish slightly tinged with brown. Under- 
side of fore wing brown, the costal and apical part of terminal 
area whitish irrorated with olive-green; hind wing white slightly 
irrorated with olive-green, traces of a difi'used curved postmedial 
line. 

Hah. Armenia ; Asia Minoe, Pontus, 1 J , 1 $ , Lydia (Lederer), 
8 J, 3 2, Taurus, Amanus Mts., 1 $ ; Sykia, 1 c? , 1 $, 
Mardin ; E'rEDisTAN. Exjh 34-40 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt. & Motbs Eur. p. 290 ; Hffm. Raiip. p. 144. 

Thick ; yellowish green with small whitish warts and dark red- 
brown points ; head yellow-brown ; thoracic shield dark brown. 
Food-plant, Malvus. 7. 



Genus NARTHECOPHORA. 



Type. 



Narthecophora, Smith. Proc. U.S. Nat. Miis. xxii. p. 485 (1900)... puluerea. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi obliquelj^ upturned, very short, the 2nd 
joint fringed with hair in front ; fi-ons with large trifid corneoiis process, the 
middle point long with ridge above, a curved corneous plate below it ; eves 
large, round ; antennae of male laminHte ; thorax clothed with hair and scales 
vnixed and without crests ; fore tibia; short with curved claw on outer side, the 
juid and bind tibia; slightly fringed with hair ; abdomen without crests. Fore 



NAETnECOPHORA. AZENIA. 



375 



wing long and narrow, tlie apex rounclecl, the termen obliquely curved and not 
creuulate ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell, Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of disco- 
cellulars ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



*4826. Narthecophora pulverea. 

Nm-ihecopliora pulverea. Smith, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mas. sxii. p. 486 (1900); 
Dyar, Cat. Lep. N. Am. p. 197. 

S • Head, thorax, and abdomen pale ochreous greyish tinged 
with red- brown ; tarsi browner slightly ringed with white. Fore 
wing grey-white thickly irrorated with pale red-brown ; antemedial 
line rather diff'iised red-brown, slightly bent inwards to costa and 
incurved at vein 1 ; a small whitish discoidal lunule defined by 
red-brown ; postmedial line rather diffused red-brown, slightly 




Fig. 172. — Narthecophora p^dverea, cj". \. 

excurved below costa, incurved at discal fold to reniform, strongly 
incurved below vein 4 and excurved at vein 1 ; subterminal line 
hardly traceable, brownish, excurved below vein 7 and at middle 
and with brownish shade beyond it at apex. Hind wing ochreous 
white faintly tinged with red-brown ; the underside suffused with 
rufous. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona, Tucson (ScJnuarz), in U.S. Nat. Mus. 
Exp. 28 millim. 



Genus AZENIA. 
A.-enia, Grote, Papilio, ii. p. 186 (1882) 



Type. 
implora 



Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi obliquely upturned, slender, reaching to 
just beyond frontal process ; frons with rounded prominence with large tri- 
lobate corneous plate at middle and corneous plate below it with straight 
outer edge; eyes large, round; antennse of male typically laminate and 
minutely ciliated ; tiiorax clothed with scales and hair mixed and without 
crests ; tibiae smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing rather 
long and narrow, the apex rounded, the termen evenly curved and no Icrenu- 
late ; veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 
3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 obsolescent from just below middle of discocellulars ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



376 "K'ocTriB-E. 

Sect, I. Antennae of male bipectinate with moderate branches, the apex 
serrate; frontal process with tliree moderate lobes; palpi with the 
tJrd joint rather long, 

4827, Azenia vatersi. 

Megalodes watersi, N. C. Roths. Nov. Zool. viii. p. 430 (1901). 

S' Head and thorax white tinged with oehreous brown; 
abdomen white dorsally tinged with oehreous. Fore wing white 
sufFased with oehreous brown, darker towards the indistinct 
obliquely curved antenaedial line and on the narrow pustoiedial 




Fig. 173. — Azenia vatersi, cf. |. 



area ; postmedial line white slightly defined by brown on inner 
side, excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique; subterminal line 
whitish, slightly excurved from costa to vein 3, then slightly 
incurved ; a line brown terminal line. Hind wing yellowish white. 
Hah. EayPT, typet in Coll. Rothschild; Adex (Ycrhury), 1 (j" , 
Kvjo. 30 millim. 



Sect. II. Antennae of male serrate ; froaital process with three moderate lobes ; 
palpi with the iJrd joint rather long. 

A. Fore wing with antemedial, medial, postmedial, and terminal 

olive-green bands tusa. 

B. Fore wing with ante- and postmedial yellow-brown lines pura. 



4828. Azenia tusa, 

Megalodes tusa, Swinh. A. M. K. H. (7) ix. p. 168 (1902). 

Head and thorax white, the latter slightly mixed with rufous ; 
palpi at sides and lower part of frons tinged with oehreous ; tarsi 
banded with oehreous brown ; abdomen white suffused with 
oehreous. Fore wing pure white with slight olive-green basal and 
subbasal marks on costa ; a subbasal black point in cell ; an ante- 
medial olive-green point on costa and a diffused oblique band from 
subcostal nervure to vein 1 ; a small black-brown discoidal lunula ; 
an oblique medial olive-green band from cell to vein 1 ; an oblique 
postmedial olive-green band, narrowing to costa ; a narrow diffused 
olive-green terminal band and a fine brownish terminal line ; cilia 
■with diffused brownish line near base, the tips slightly tinged with 



AZENIA. 



rufous. Hind wing white ; a faint brownish discoidal bar, a 
diffused oblique postmedial band with sinuous outer edge and 




Fig. 174. — A-cnui iusa, J. }. 

narrow terminal band from apex to vein 2 ; the underside white 
with the costa faintly tinged with ochreous, a small dark discoidal 
spot. 

Hab. "W. AtrsTRALiA, Slicrlock 11. {Clemeatu), 3 cJ , -^ $ type. 
Exp. lG-30 millim. 

4829. Azenia pura. 

Megalodes pura, Swinli. A. M. N. H. (7) ix. p. 82 (1902). 

$ . Head and thorax white ; frons tinged with ochreous ; fore 
femora and tibice brown on inner side, the tarsi banded with brown ; 
abdomen white, dorsally tinged with ochreous. Fore wing pure 
white ; antemedial line ochreous and brown, formed by a striga in 
cell and slightly waved and incurved line from cell to inner margin ; 
postmedial line formed of ochreous and brown striae, arising at 
vein 7 and incurved below vein 4 ; a terminal series of slight 
brown points. Hind wing white, the terminal half tinged with 
brown from costa to vein '6 ; a slight punctiform terminal brown 
line from apex to vein 2. 

Hah. W. Australia, Sherlock II. (Clements), 1 $ . Exj). 
32 millim. Type t in Mus. Oxon. 



Sect. III. Antenna of mnle laminate and ciliated. 
A. Frontal process produced to three long points. 



4830. Azenia implora. 

Azenia implora, Grote, Papilio, ii. p. 186 (1882); Smith, Cat. Noct. N. 
Am. p. oU2. 

Head and thorax pale yellow ; palpi above, sides of frons, and 
antennae tinged with rufous ; legs tinged with rufous ; abdomen 
pale yellow, dorsaily slightly tinged with rufous towards base. 
Fore wing pale yellow with a faint rufous tinge on basal and costal 
areas ; a subbasal rufous point on costa; a small antemedial rufous 



378 



NOCTPIDJE. 



spot Oil costa and brown point farther from base in submcdian fold ; 
a faint ditfnsed rufous medial line, more distinct towards costa and 
o1)li([uo below the cell; a faint punctiforra rufous postmedial line 
with more distinct point on costa and dark points in discal and 




Fig. 17"). — A~cnia impfura, J. \. 

Bubmedian folds, bent outwards below costa, slightly angled inwards 
in discal fold and incurved below vein 3; traces of a curved sub- 
terminal puiictiform rufous line and of a terminal series of rufous 
points. Hind wing white, the underside with the costal area tinged 
with yellow. 

J/ah. U.S.A., New Mexico, Mesilla (CocJcerell), 2 $, Arizona, 
Phoenix (Barnes), 1 $, Nogales {Odar), 2 J , 2 $. Exji. 22- 
26 millim. 

B. Frontal process produced to a triangular loboat middle and slight points 
at sides. 

4831. Azenia edentata. 

Aceiiia edentata. Clrote, Can. Ent. xv. p. 25 (1853); Smith, Cat. Noct. 
jV. Am. p. •M2. 

2 . Head and thorax ochrcoiis yellow ; fore legs tinged with 
brown, the tarsi tinged witli ochreous ; abdomen ocliroous yellow, 
the ventral surface paler, l^'orc wing deep yellow with a small 




Fig. 176. — A::cnia edenfattt, J. \. 



purplish-brown spot on costa just beyond middle. Hind wing pale 
yellow tinged with brown, the termen rather deeper yellow ; traces 
of a sinuous postmedial line. Underside of fore wing tinged with 
brown except the termen. 

Hah. U'.S.A., New Mexico, Sapello Cation {Odar), 1 $ , Arizona. 
E.cp. 2Q millim. 



PA ra:g i.e. — Ji i:T,icfi LE. 379 

Genus PAR^ffiGLE, iiov. 

Type, P. ochracea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi ohlicpiely upturned, tlie 2Md joint reaching 
about to middle of frons and ratlicr broadly fringed wiLh scales in front, the 3rd 
moderate, porrect; frons with long i)oii.tcd corneous process connected by a 
keel with the plate below it which is produced to three points in front and two 
lateral jjoints below; eyes large, round; antenntc of male ciliated; thorax 
clothed almost entirely with scales and wit.liout crests; tibias smoothly scaled, 
the fore tibiic wilh small claws on inner and outer sides; al)domen without 
crests. Pore wing with the apex rounded, the termen rather obliquely curved 
and not crenulate : veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upiier angle ; 
9 from 19 anastomosing witii 8 to form theareole; II from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 8, 4 stalked in male, from cell in female ; h obsolescent from well 
below middle of discocellulars; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 anastomosing witli the cell to 
one tiiird. 

4832. Parsep^le ochracea. 

Meliipoiiid ochnicea, Ersch. Fedtsch. Ilcis. p. 5.", i)l. 3. f. 0*2 (1874) ; Stand. 

Cat. Lep. pal. p. 2.33. 
Melojionia subuchracea. Stand. Iris, iv. p. 324 (1891). 

lload and thorax yellow : palpi above and antennte tinged with 
rufous; abdomen yellow donsfilly tinged with ocliroous. Fore 
winp; yellow ; the costal edge tinged with rufous ; a rather narrow 
rufous jiostmedial band from costa towards apex, oblique below 
vein 7 ; cilia rufous. Hind wing yellowish white ; a rather indis- 
tinct and difiu.sed postmedial rufou.s lino, excurved below costn, 
then oblique ; the termen tinged with rufous from apex to vein 4 ; 




Fig. \n.—l'urm(jlc ochracea, c?. r. 

a fine brown terminal line. Underside of fore wing tinged with 
red-brown except the margins ; hind wing uniform yellowish 
white. 

Ab. 1. sttf'ochracea. Smaller ; fore wing with the markings 
slight or almost obsolete ; hind wing often })aler. 

Hah. Syria, Mardin ; W. Tubkkstak, Turcomania (Erschoff"), 
1 5 , Tedschen Oasis (Hauser), 1 cf . Kvp. d 24, ? 26 millim. 

Genus METiEGLE, nov. 

'Jype, M. pallida. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely porrect, extending to just beyond 
the frons and moderately fringed with hair ; frons with large pointed promi- 
nence covered with hair with trilobate corneous plate below it. ; eyes largo, 
round ; antennae of male minutely ciliated ; thorax clothed almost entirely with 



380 nocxuiu.t;. 

scales and without erects : fore tibiae with small sjiine on inner side at extremity 
covered with hair, the tibiae smoothly scaled ; abdomen widiout crests, Foro 
wing with tlie apex rounded, the f.ermen evenly curved and not crenulate, 
veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 9 from 10 anastn- 
jnosing with 8 to form the areole ; 11 from cell. Hind wing witli veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell ; .') obsolescent from just below middle of di.-cocellulars ; 
6, 7 fi'om upper angle; 8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 



4833. Metsegle pallida. 

Meiopojiia pallida, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 323 (1891) ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 233. 

(S . Head and thorax yellowish white ; abdomen fulvous yellow, 
the anal tuft yellowish white. Fore wing pale yellow slightly 
tinged with reddish towards termen ; a red-brown spot on costa 
towards apex ; cilia red-brown at base, pure white at tips. Hind 




Y\g. US.— Mefipgle pallida, J. \. 

wing pale yellow slightly tinged with reddish towards termen ; 
cilia pale reddish yellow at base, pure white at tips ; the underside 
wliite with the costal and terminal areas tinged with yellow. 

Hah. SxEiA, Mardin, 1 cJ , 1 2 ; Mesopotamia. Exp. 2-i millim. 



Genus ^GLE. ^ 

Type. 

^^/e, Hiibn. Verz. p. :?57 (1827) caceriisiana. 

Metoponia, D up. Cat. Meth. p. 187 ( 1 844) coeceritziana. 

Proboscis fully deyeloped ; palpi obliquely upturned, short and hardly reaching 
to middle of tVons, slender ; frons with large rounded prominence with 
long bilobed process from middle and curved corneous plate below it produced 
to a point at middle ; eyes large, round; antennse of male minutely ciliated; 
thorax smoothly clothed with hair and scales and without crests ; tibite 
smoothly scaled ; abdomen without crests. Fore wing with the apex somewhat. 
produced, the termen evenly curved and not crenulate; veins 3 and 6 from 
near angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 9 from 10 anastomosing with 8 to 
form the areole : 11 from cell. Hind wmg with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 
5 obsolescent from below middle of discocellulars; 6,7 from upper angle; 
8 anastomosing with the cell near base only. 

A. Fore wing tinged with yellow. 

a. Hind wing yellow with postmedial and terminal red 

brown lines vespertalia. 

b. Hind wing entirely fuscous brown. 
a?-. Foi'e wing with postmedial line. 

«2. Fore wing with antemcdial line. 



«/•'. Pore wino; with medial red-browu band from 

cell to inner margin inMla. 

h'^. Fore wing without medial band suhflava. 

h'. Fore wing without antemedial line agatha. 

h^. Fore wing without postmedial line cceccriiziana. 

B. Fore wing tlesh-coloured hgjychroa. 

4834. Etgle vespertalis. 

Pyralis vespertalis, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett., Pyr. f. loD (1818) ; Stand. Cat. 

Lep. ])al. p. 'I'^o. 
Anihophila ves-peiiina, Treit. Schmett. Eur. v. .3, p. 280 (1825); Herr.- 

Scliart'. Eur. 8chmett., Noct. pi. ol. f. 2(iO. 
Leucania veaperthialis, Rmbr. Cat. Lep. S. And. pi. 8. f. 4 & pi. 15. f 2 

(1858). 
Leucania maiufinalis, Rmbr. Cat. Lep. S. And. pi. 8. f. 5 (1858). 

Head and thoi-ax pale yellow slightly tinged with rufous, the 
sides of palpi and frous, the pectus and legs strongly tinged with 
rufoa.s ; abdomen pale j'ellow tinged with brown. Eore wing pale 
yellow ; the basal costal area tinged with rufous and the costal 
edge rufous ; a faint rufous medial shade, oblique below the cell 
and obsolete below vein 1 ; a slight oblique red-brown discoidal 
striga ; an indistinct rufous postmedial line excurved below costa 
and at middle and incurved below vein 4 ; subterminal line sli<>-ht, 
rufous, with wedge-shaped rufous mark from costa, then curved 
and minutely waved ; a deep rufous terminal line ; cilia deep rufous 
mixed with yellow and with deep rutous lines at middle and tips. 
Hind wing pale yellow suffused with rufous except on inner area; 
an obliquely curved diffused postmedial line ; a tine rufous terminal 
line ; cilia pale yellow tinged with rufous except towards tornus 
and with slight rufous line at middle. Underside of fore wing 
rufous, the inner area whitish, the basal half of costa yellowish and 
yellowish marks on it beyond middle and towards apex, slight 
yellowish marks beyond lower angle of cell and a subapical patch ; 
hind wing yellowish white with diffused rufous band from costa to 
median nervure, slight waved postmedial line from costa to vein 5, 
apical patch and subterminal line between veins 6 and 2. 

Ab. 1. Pore wing with indistinct antemedial line from costa to 
vein 1, the medial shade and postmedial lines much more i)rominent 
a brown shade on termen from below apex to tornus ; hind win*^ 
wholly suffused with brown. 

Hub. HuNGARV, Carniola ; Spain, Andalusia, Zeller and Leech 
Colls., Cadiz (Walsinghmn); Italy, Capri {C. S. Broivn) ; SiniLT, 
Zeller Coll. ; L)almatia, Zeller Coll. ; Greece; t^lgerta; Eumklia ; 
Armenia ; Asia Minor, Pontus, Bithynia, Taurus ; Syria, Mardin ; 
Persia, 2^,45. Exji. 26-o0 millim. 

4835. ^gle nubila. (Plate CXLV. fig. 15.) 

Metoponia nubila, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 326 (1891) ; id. Cat. Lep. pal. p. 233. 

9 . Head and thorax pale yellow with a few dark brown scales ; 
tarsi red-brown ringed with white; abdomen pale yellow tinged 



382 NocTtriD^. 

with fulvous. Fore wing pale yellow irrorated with a few brown 
scales ; obliquely placed subbasal brown points on costaand in cell; 
anteniedial line double, red-brown, rather punctitbrm, oblique from 
costa to median nervure, then erect, the orbicular I'cpresented by a 
black point just beyond it ; renifortn defined by blackish below, 
very incompletely defined above, constricted at middle ; medial line 
represented by an oblique red-brown bar from costa and red-brown 
band from cell to inner margin on inner side of the postmedial line, 
which is double, excurved below costa, then oblique and almost 
straight; postmedial area tinged with brown defining the sub- 
terminal line, which is slightly excurved below vein 7 and at 
middle ; cilia red-brown mixed with yellow, with a slight yellow 
line at middle, the tips chequered fuscous and yellow. Hind wing 
yellow suffused with cupreous brown ; cilia pale yellow with some 
red-brown at base ; the under.<ide white slightly ringed aud irro- 
rated with red-brown, traces of a minutely waved brown postmedial 
line from costa to vein 5. 

Hah. SrKiA, Diabekir, 1 $ , Mardin. Exp. 28 millim. 

4836. -ffigle suMava. (Plate CXLV. fig. 16.) 

Mefoponia suhflava, ErsL-li. Fedtsch. Reis. p. 52, pi. 3. f. 15 (1874); Stand. 
Oat, Lep. pal. p. 233. 

Head and thorax yellowish white; legs tinged with brown; 
abdomen white tinged with ochreous except at base and extremity. 
Fore wing yellowish white sparsely irrorated with reddish brown, 
the costal edge brown towards base ; a faint brown antemedial 
line, very oblique from cell to vein 1 and bent outwards to inner 
margin ; a diffused rufous patch in end of cell and a whitish dis- 
coidal mark ; postmedial line rufous, arising from costa towards 
apex, excurved below costa, then very oblique cind slightly excurved 
at median nervules, a triangular rufous patch beyond it on costa ; 
a diffused rufous subterminal band from vein 5 to inner margin ; a 
diffused rufims terminal line ; cilia yellowish white with rufous 
lines at middle and tips. Hind wing whitish suffused with red- 
brown especially on terminal area ; cilia white with slight brown 
line through {hem on costal half. Underside of fore wing suffused 
with brown, the costa white expanding beyond middle and ending 
in a point before apex, a triangular white patch on apical part of 
termen ; hind wing wholly white. 

Hah. W. Turkestan, Turcomania ( Erschoff), 1 § , Tedschen Oasis 
(Haiiser), 2 J, Sarawschan, Issyk-Kul. Evjk J 2(i, 2 30 millim. 

*4837. Mgle agatha. 

Mefoponia agafha. Stand. Stett.. ent. Zeit. 1861, p. 280; Mill. Icones, 
i. pi. 38. fr. 1, 2 ; Staud. Gat. Lep. pal. p. 233. 

S . Head and thorax orange-yellow, the latter with some white 
on vertex ; antennae blackish towards tips ; pectus and legs whitish, 



JiHLE. 383 

the tarsi tinged with yellow and brown ; abdomen dark brown 
raided with some ochreous white, the anal tuft rufous at sides. 
Fore wing chalky white tinged with yellow, the costal area slightly 
irrorated with brown; a diffused red-brown line from costajust 
before apes where it forks to middle of inner margin, oblique to 
vein 4 at lower angle of cell, then slightly incurved ; traces of a 
diffused waved subterminal red-brown line, the veins beyond it 
streaked with brown ; a dark brown terminal line ; cilia white 
mixed with red-brown. Hind wing dark reddish brown, the cilia 
white; the underside bluish white, the veins streaked with dark 
brown, a brown terminal line expanding into diffused marks at 
apex and veins 5 and 2. 

Hah. Greece, Morea in Coll. Piingeler. Exp. 30 millim. 

483S. .ffigle ccBceritziana. 

TortrLv kcekeritsiana, Hiibn. Tort. f. IGS (1797); Stand. Cat. Lep. pal. 

p. 233. 
Anthophila fiavida, Ochs. Schinett. Eur. iv. p. 93 (1816) ; Dup. Lep. Fr. 

Siippl. iii. p. 537, pi. 45. f. 4 ; Frr. Neue Beitr. iii. pi. '121. 
Noc(uaflava,'K\\hx\. Eur. Sehmett., Noct. f. 453 (1818); Friv. Magynr. 

Tiid. Tars. Evkou. xi. p. 1H7, pi. viii. f. 2. 
Metoponia mbfu.mata, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 324 (1891). 

Head and thorax very pale yellow, the palpi, frons, and antennae 
slightly tinged with rufous; legs suffused with rufous; abdomen 
whitish suffused M^th brown. Fore wing very pale yellow ; the 
costal edge rufous towards base ; a brown discoidal point ; cilia 




Fig. 179. — JEglc ccecerifziana, J. }• 



red-brown at base except towards tornus, white at tips. Hind 
wing red-brown, the inner area whitish suffused with red-brown ; 
cilia white tinged with rufous at base and with slight rufous 
line through them from apex to submedian fold. Underside of fore 
wing red-brown, the inner area whitish, some yellowish suffusion 
on costa and an oblique white subapical mark ; hind wing white 
.slightly tinged with rufous in parts and with diffused rufous 
subterminal marks on costa and in discal fold. 

Ah. 1. suhfiunatii. Fore wing without the dark discoidal point ; 
hind wing paler fuscous. 

Hab. Austria, Leech Coll. ; Hungaet, Frey and Leech Colls. ; 
Dalmatia ; Balkan Statrs ; 8. Kussia, Sarepta {Christopli). T^qWqv 
Coll. ; Armenia ; Asia Minor, Pontus, Taurus. Exp. 30 millim. 



384 NOCTUID.E. 

Larva. Kirby, Butt, k Moths Eur. p. 290 ; Hffiu. Raup. p. 144, pi. 36. f. 18. 

Yellow, with broad grey dorsal and lateral stripes; stigmata 
black ; head brown ; thoracic shield dark with yellowish dorsal 
line. Food-plant, Delpliiniuyn. 7-8. 

*4839. -ffigla hedychroa. (Plate CXLV. fig. 17.) 

Megalodes hedychroa. Turner, Tr. R. Soc. S. Austr. xxviii. p. 218 (190 i). 

(S . Head and thorax flesh-white, some black on vertex of head 
and teguiae ; palpi black at sides ; tarsi banded with black ; abdo- 
men pale ochreous brown. Fore wing flesh-white ; a black point 
at base of costa ; a subbasal black line from costa to submedian 
fold slightly angled inwards at median nervure ; an irregularly 
waved antemedial line with black ])atf'.h before it on costa and in 
cell and two black points above vein 1 ; a brownish maculate 
medial band developed into a patch on inner area : reniform 
brownish, elliptical ; postmedial line waved, arising from a small 
spot on costa, bent outwards below costa, excurved to vein 4, then 
incurved ; subterminal line brownish, maculate, angled outward