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Full text of "Catalogue of the loan collection of antiquities, curiosities, and appliances connected with the art of printing"

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JOHN HENRY NASH UBRARY 

♦ SAN FRANCISCO ♦ 

PRESENTED TO THE 

UNIVERSITY OF CAUFORNIA 

ROBERT GORDON SPROUL.PRESIDEKr. 
♦ BT ♦ 

MilandMrs.MILTON S.RAY 
CECILY. VIRGINIA AND RDSALYN RAY 

AMD THE 

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Ready in December^ tnedium %vq^ London price 'js, 6^., cloth ; or large paper^ 
Whatman^ s, handmade^ 15J. 

THE BTBr^ IN 

THE Caxton Exhibition 

Mdccc Lxxvn 

Or a bibliographical defcription of nearly 

one thoufand reprefentative Bibles in various langu 
ages chronologically arranged from the firft Bible printed by 

Gutenberg in 14 50- 145 6 to the laft Bible printed at the Oxford 

Univerfity Prefs the 30th June 1877 With an Introdu6tion on the Hiftory 

of Printing as illuftrated by the printed Bible from 1450 to 1877 in which is told 

for the firft time the true hiftory and myftery of the Coverdale Bible of 1535 

Together with bibliographical notes and collations of many rare Bibles 

in various languages and divers verfions printed 

during the laft four centuries 

Special edition revifed and carefully correfted with additions 
Flavoured with a fqueeze of the Saturday Review's homily on Bibles 

By Henry Stevens Gmb Fsa Ma Etc 

Sometimes Student in Yale College in Connefticut in New England Now refiding in London Bibliogra 

pher and Lover of Books Fellow of the Royal Geogr& Zoological Societies of London Foreign Member 

of the Amer Antiq Society Correfp Memberof the Hiftorical Societies of the States of Maflachufetts New 

York Connefticut Maine Vermont New Jerfey Maryland Pcnnfylvania & Wifconfin and Secretary 

of State and American Minifter near Noviomagus Blk Bid Athm Club London 

And Patriarch of Skull and Bones at Yale Huiverfity 




LONDON HENRY STEVENS IV TRAFALGAR SQUARE j^T 
J SCRIBNER WELFORD & ARMSTRONG NEW-YOrIS. 

Messrs Simpkin Marshall & Co Stationers Hall Court London 

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CAXTON CELEBRATION, 



1877. 



This edition is limiUd to one hundred and fifty-sevm 
am koHd-nuuU paper, of which this is No, / C7 . 



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CCajcton CCelebratton, 

1877. 

CATALOGUE 



OP 



THE LOAN COLLECTION OF ANTIQUITIES, 
CURIOSITIES, AND APPLIANCES 



CONNECTED WITH THE 



ART OF PRINTING 

South Kensington. 



EDITED BY GEORGE BULLEN, Esq., F.S.A. 

If 
Keeper of the Printed Booksy British Museum. 




LONDON: 
PRINTED AT THE ELZEVIR PRESS. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2007 with funding from 

Microsoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/catalogueofloancOOcaxtrich 




INTRODUCTION. 




HE whole English-speaking world cannot fail to 
feel deeply interested in the Exhibition which is 
now opened to public view in the Galleries at 
South Kensington. There can be little doubt, after 
the researches of Mr. Blades, the biographer of 
Caxton, that the " Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers" was 
the first book printed by our first English printer on English 
soil in the press set up by him in the Almonry at Westminster, 
just four centuries ago. " The Recuyell of the Historyes of 
Troye " was translated by Caxton from the French of Raoul Le 
F^vre in 147 1, and was printed by him, in all probability, not 
long afterwards at Bruges, where Caxton was residing, being the 
first printed English book. The next printed English book was 
" The Game and Playe of the Chesse," " Fynysshid the last day 
of marche the yer of our Lord god. a thousand foure honderd 
and Ixxiiii." This also, long thought to have been the fii-st book 
printed at Westminster, has been considered by Mr. Blades to 
have been printed at Bruges ; the original " Rccueil des histoires 
de troyes " having been also printed by Caxton, probably in 
1476. Thus, to Caxton belongs the honour of having printed 
not only the first book in English, but the first book in the 
French language. 



iv Carton Celebration* 

In 1477, however, appeared " The Dictes and Sayings of the 
Philosophers," " emprynted by me William Caxton, at West- 
mestre," and it is to celebrate the printing of this volume, in all 
probability the first-fruit of typography in England, that the pre- 
sent Exhibition has been inaugurated. 

It is to Mr. J. S. Hodson, the indefatigable Secretary of the 
"Printers' Pension, Almshouse, and Orphan Asylum Corpora- 
tion," that the credit is due of having originated this celebration. 
So far back as the year 1847, indeed, the ^^^e Dean Milman, then 
Canon of Westminster, projected a monument to the memory of 
Caxton, but the movement was only partially successful, and 
the funds then collected were appropriated to the support of a 
" Caxton Pensioner" in connection with the " Printers' Corpora- 
tion." Every one felt, however, that this was a very inadequate 
response to the appeal made by Canon Milman. This was espe- 
cially the feeling of Mr. Hodson, who, as the year 1874 drew 
nigh, deemed that something further should be done in honour 
of the memory of Caxton. and for the benefit of decayed mem- 
bers of the " Printers' Pension Corporation." Like many others 
he believed that the " Chess Book " was the first book printed at 
Westminster, and sent forth his circulars accordingly. Among 
those, however, whom he addressed, was Mr. Blades, who, while he 
cordially concurred with him in the object he had at heart, re- 
presented that the year 1877 was the undoubted fourth centenary 
of the first book printed at Westminster, and recommended that 
that year should be adopted for the proposed Celebration. Mr. 
Blades, at the same time, made some valuable suggestions as to 
the form which the Celebration might properly assume, and the 
methods by which it might be carried out. Mr. Hodson cordially 
accepted both the date suggested by Mr. Blades and his other 
proposals, and it is to the united efforts of these two gentlemen 
that the success of the present Exhibition — as successful we hope 
that it may prove — will be mainly due. 

The present year having been fixed upon for the Caxton Cele- 
bration, a Provisional Committee was appointed for carrying it 
into execution, embracing the following names : — 



JntroHuttion^ v 

Sir Charles Reed, Chairman ; W. Blades, Esq. ; W. 
Clowes, Esq. ; J. Coe, Esq. ; W. J. Coe, Esq. ; G. E. Eyre, Esq.; 
R. C. Nichols, Esq. ; W. Rivington, Esq. ; G. A. Spottiswoode, 
Esq. ; C. Austen Leigh, Esq. ; W. Spottiswoode, Esq. ; J. C. 
Wilkins, Esq. ; J. S. Hodson, Esq., Hon. Secretary. 

These gentlemen met together towards the end of 1876, in the 
Directors' Library of the Bank of England, on several occasions 
to discuss the object they had before them, to elect a general 
Committee, and solicit the aid of certain distinguished persons as 
Patrons of the undertaking. On the 17th February, 1877, a very 
successful meeting was held in the Jerusalem Chamber, not far 
from the presumed site of Caxton's printing office, at which 
Dean Stanley presided ; and meetings were subsequently held at 
the Society of Arts and the Mansion House, at which lists of 
Patrons were announced, sectional committees formed, and an 
Executive appointed to conduct the Celebration about to be held. 
Among the Patrons were Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen, 
His Royal Highness Prince Leopold, the two Archbishops, the 
Worshipful Company of Mercers, the Worshipful Company of 
Stationers, His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, Earl Spencer, 
Earl Stanhope, and numerous other noblemen and gentlemen, 
including the Governor and Deputy-Governor of the Bank of 
England. 

As the scheme expanded itself, the choice of a fitting place for 
the Exhibition had to be decided. At first it was thought that 
the Hall of the Stationers' Company, which had been generously 
placed at the disposal of the Committee, would suffice ; but this 
was found too small to accommodate the vast number of exhibits 
likely to be offered. The Royal Commissioners of the 1851 
Exhibition were, therefore, appealed to for the use of the Western 
Galleries at South Kensington : this they graciously accorded, 
and granted every facility for arranging the various exhibits as 
they are now shown. 

It was a main feature in this Celebration to collect together 
and exhibit to the public as many copies of the works of Caxton 
as could be procured by loan from the various public libraries, and 



vi Caj:ton Celebration. 

the libraries of noblemen and gentlemen known to be in the pos- 
session of such treasures. Other objects of kindred interest, such 
as the productions called Block-books, and the books printed by 
Caxton's predecessors or contemporaries, were also thought to 
come appropriately within the scope of the Exhibition. These, 
also, the Committee agreed to solicit as loans from the several 
owners, as had been resolved for the Caxtons. 

Her Majesty the Queen was among the first to accede to the 
appeal of the Committee by graciously consenting to send four 
Caxtons, one of which, " The Doctrinal of Sapience," is on vellum, 
from the Royal Library at Windsor, also the " Mentz Psalter " 
on vellum, together with other works of interest, including the 
Shakspere of 1632, Charles I.'s own copy, with his autograph. 

Lord Spencer sent fifty-seven Caxtons, and intimated, through 
Lord Charles Brudenell-Bruce, who, from the first, took the 
warmest interest in the proceedings, that the Committee might 
choose for the forthcoming Exhibition any of the various treasures 
in his library that might be thought appropriate. The Committee 
were not slow to accept this generous offer, and gladly availed 
themselves of Lord Charles Bruce's services in making the selec- 
tion. The works thus lent comprise not only the Caxtons, but 
the early Block-books, and the rare woodcut of St. Christopher, 
the Gutenberg (or Mazarin) Bible (the first book ever printed), 
the Mentz Psalter, the St. Albans Books, the books of Rood and 
Hunte, &c., together with a number of works illustrating the 
development of the Art of Printing in foreign countries, as shown 
in Class B. 

The Duke of Devonshire sent 1 8 Caxtons ; the Earl of Jersey, 
6 Caxtons ; Mr. Christie-Miller, 3 Caxtons, the excessively rare 
Boethiiis, printed at Tavistock, and Pynson's first book printed 
in England in Roman type; Mr. Amhurst-Tyssen-Amhurst sent 
4 Caxtons and i Machlinia ; the University Library at Cam- 
bridge sent 18 Caxtons, i Colard Mansion, and books by Rood 
and Hunte and Machlinia. The Bodleian Library sent 7 
Caxtons ; Sion College, 6 ; Eton College, 2 ; the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, 3 ; the Marquis of Ailesbury, i ; Lord Tolle- 



gintrotiuction^ vii 

mache, i ; the University of Gottingen, 6 ; the University of 
Ghent, i ; Constance, Marchioness of Lothian, 2 Caxtons ; the 
Marquis of Lothian, i Colard Mansion ; the Dean and Chapter 
of York, 3 Caxtons ; the Dean and Chapter of Ripon, 2 ; Mr. 
Horwood, 2 Machlinias ; Earl Beauchamp, I Caxton ; St. John's 
College, Oxford, g ; St. John's College, Cambridge, 3 ; Corpus 
Christi College, Cambridge, 2 ; Earl of Leicester, I ; Rev. E. 
Bankes, i ; Mr. Loveday, i ; Lord Zouche, i ; Rev. J. F. Russell, 
3 ; the Bedford General Library, i Caxton, and 2 Indulgences 
printed by Caxton ; Mr. W. Harrison, i Caxton and 2 Wynkyn 
de Wordes. Altogether as many as 190 copies of books printed 
by Caxton have been contributed to the present Exhibition, a 
number such as never before were gathered together, nor are 
likely to be again ; and which represent as many as 104 distinct 
works printed by our first Printer. 

As these and other objects poured in, in response to the appeal 
of the Committee, the following classification was resolved upon 
and has been carried out in the Exhibition Rooms. 

Class A. 

223iIIiam Cajcton antj t|)e Debelopment of tfje art of ©rintinc in ©nclanti anti 

€)cortanTi» 

Section I. — Documents relating to Caxton. 

Section II. — Books from the Press of William Caxton and Colard Mansion at 

Bruges. 
Section III.— Books from the Press of William Caxton at Westminster. 
Section IV. — Books from the Press of Colard Mansion, from whom Caxton acquired 

the art. 
Section V. — Books printed by Caxton's Contemporaries. 
Section VI. — Books illustrating the progress of Printing in England after Caxton's 

death. 
Section VII.— Books printed in Scotland. 

Class B. 
Zf)t Detjefopment of tf^e art of IPrintinc in JToreicn ^ounttitfs* 

Section I. — Impressions from Wooden Blocks. 

Section II. — Block Books. 

Section III. — Impressions from Moveable Metal Type. 

Section IV.— Printed Books. 

Section V.— Productions of Native Presses in the East. 



¥111 Cajtton Celebratfom 



Class C. 

Z^t erompacatibc Dctrlopmcnt of t\ft 9rt of IPrinHnd in GncIanD anH JForrian 
€ounthe0, iUuetrateD bp dpecimenis of ti)e i]i)oIp ftcripturcB ant) Hiturcies. 

Section I. — Holy Scriptures. 
Section II.— Liturgies. 

Class D. 

ftpfcimenfl noticeable for Raritp or for 33fautH anti excellence of €Epoerapt)p. 

Section I. — Unique or rare Books not exhibited in Classes A, B, or C. 
Section II. — Specimens noticeable for beauty and excellence of typography. 
Section III.— Facsimile Reproductions. 



Class E. 

^ecimen0 of IPrintinc* 

Section I. — Printing by Steam and Commercial Printing. 

Section II. — Newspaper Printing: Early Copies of English Newspapers, arranged 
in chronological order. 



Class F. 
IPrinteti i$lu0ic* 

Section I. — Music printed from Wood Blocks. 

Section II. — Music printed from Type, the staff lines in red and the notation in 
black. 

Section III. — Music printed from Type (one printing only). 

Section IV, — Tablature, and other modifications of notation. 

Section V. — Music printed from Engraved Plates. 

Section VI. — Music printed from Stamped Plates. 

Section VII. — Music printed by Lithography and other modes not previously classi- 
fied. 

Class G. 

ISool 3inu0tration0 anB oti^er ftpecimen0 of enctat)inc0, IPrindnc in erolour0, 
anD ot{;er ]Proce00e0* 

Section I.— Woodcuts. 

Section II. — Copper-plates. 

Section III. — Printing in Colours from raised Blocks. 

Section IV.— Lithographs. 

Section V.— Photographs. 

Section VI.— Zincographs, Ac. 



3|ntrotiuction* ix 

Class H. 

©ottrait0 anti autocrap?j0 of tJletinguietjen 9ut?)or0, %pf ^founUere, IPrintf re, 

anT) 93oob0eIIer0* 

Section I. — Portraits in Oil, &c., of Printers. 

Section II. — Engraved Portraits of Printers and Publishers. 

Section III. — Engraved Portraits of Celebrated Men at one time Printers. 

Section IV. — Views, Interiors, &c. 

Section V. — Autographs of Printers. 

Section VI. — Autographs and Portraits of Literary Men. 

Class I. 
93OO&0 relatinci; to IPtintina^ 

Class K. 
(!rurio0itie0 ann iBi0ceIIante0* 

In this Department is exhibited all appertaining to Printers and Printing not readily 
included in any other class. 

Class L. 
Ztpt ann ti^et IPrintino ;^ateiial0* 

SECTibN I. — Old Types, Punches, Matrices, Moulds, and other Type-founders' 

Tools. 
Section II. — Type Casting Machines. 
Section III. — Types, Plates, and other Materials used in the various processes of 



music printing. 
^ — Type-fou 



Section IV. — Type-founders' Specimen Books (selected). 

Class M. 
fttereotppinc anD dBIectrotgpinc. 

Section I. — Apparatus for Stereotyping and Electrotyping. 

Section II. — Specimens of Stereotjrpe and Electrotype plates and blocks. 

Class N. 
Copperplate IPrintina, (Litfjocrapl); ann lID|;otocrap|);* 

Class O. 
IPaper anD IPaper<malinQ* 

Under this classification the several Books, Engravings, Por- 
traits, Machines, Curiosities, and other objects contributed to the 
Exhibition have been catalogued by various members of the sub- 



X Caron Celebration* 

committees, some of whom have also written brief introductions 
to the subjects treated of in the different classes. 

Thus, in Class A, Mr. Blades, besides cataloguing all the 
Caxtons and Contemporary English Printed Books, has written 
a brief notice of Caxton himself, of his relations with Colard 
Mansion, and his introduction of the Art of Printing into 
England. 

In Class B, Lord Charles Bruce has catalogued the Block- 
Books and Early Printed Books of Foreign Countries, com- 
mencing with the first printed book, the Gutenberg or Mentz 
Bible of 1455 ; and has prefixed to the list an account of the 
Development of the Art of Printing in Foreign Countries. 

Valuable information relating to the efforts of the printers at 
Utrecht and Alost has been supplied by Mr. Bradshaw, of the 
University Library, Cambridge. 

Under Class C Mr. Henry Stevens has catalogued the valu- 
able series of Bibles exhibited in the cases, and has written an 
introduction to the same. 

In this Introduction Mr. Stevens has treated at large of the 
often discussed question — " where and by whom was the Cover- 
dale Bible printed } " and has put forth very strong reasons in 
favour of his belief that the printing was executed by Jacob Van 
Meteren at Antwerp. We cannot, however, in any way support 
his conclusion that the translation itself was the work of Van 
Meteren and only revised by Miles Coverdale. The subject 
being one of great interest, and Mr. Stevens being a great 
authority in Biblical Bibliography, he has been, of course, al- 
lowed to treat of the matter in his own way — especially since he 
has been the first to discover the mention made by Ruytinck of 
the relations that existed between Van Meteren and Coverdale. 

In Class D, Mr. Kershaw has catalogued the specimens notice- 
able for rarity or for beauty and excellence of typography. 

In Class E, Mr. Tuer has catalogued the various specimens of 
printing by steam, &c. The large and interesting collection of 
English newspapers exhibited in this sect-ion has been not only 
lent, but catalogued, by Mr. William Rayner. 



3|ntcotiuction. xi 

In Class F, Messrs. Littleton, Cummings, and Barrett have 
catalogued the remarkable specimens of music-printing from 
the earliest times, and have prefixed an introduction by the 
last-mentioned. 

In Class G, Mr. Reid has catalogued the various woodcuts, 
copper-plates and other engravings, to which Mr. Daniel Grant 
has prefixed an introduction. 

In Class H, the various portraits, &c. have been catalogued by 
Mr. Blades. 

In Class I, Mr. Overall has catalogued the various works 
relating to printing, lent by Mr. Blades and others. 

In Class K, the curiosities and miscellanies have been cata- 
logued by Mr. Brabrook. 

In Class L, Mr. Talbot Reed has given an account of the 
" Rise and Progress of Type-founding in England ;" and Mr. 
Arthur Powell has treated of the "Instruments and Appliances of 
the Letter-press Printer." 

In Class M, Mr. Powell has described the various machines, 
processes and specimens of stereotyping, electrotyping, &c. He 
has also described the processes of copper-plate printing, litho- 
graphy, and photography in Class N. 

In Class O, the various specimens of paper and water-marks, 
have been catalogued and described by Mr. Brabrook. 

In Classes A, B, C, and D, Mr. Graves has given general 
assistance in advising, cataloguing and arranging. 

Finally, Mr. Blades has acted as general manager in the 
arrangement of the Exhibition in the upper rooms ; and Mr. G. 
Bullen, Chairman of the Sub-committee on Printed Books, has 
acted as general editor of the catalogue. 



Geo. Bullen. 



xii Cajcton Celebration. 



Ipatron0» 

HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY THE QUEEN. 

His Royal Highness Princb Leopold, K.G., K.T., F.S.A. 

The Worshipful Company of Mercers. 

The Worshipful Company of Stationers. 

The Right Hon. and Most Rev. the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. 

The Right Hon. and Most Rev. the Lord Archbishop of York. 

The Most Rev. the Lord Archbishop of Dublin. 

His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, K.G., LL.D., F.R.S. {Chancellor of 

the Univerfity of Cambridge). 
His Grace the Duke of Argyll, K.T., P.C., D.C.L. 
His Grace the Duke of Westminster, K.G. 
The Most Noble the Marquis of Salisbury, K.G. {Chancellor of the 

Univerjity of Oxford). 
The Most Noble the Marquis of Lorne, K.T., M.P. 
The Right Hon. the Earl of Aberdeen. 
The Right Hon. Earl Stanhope, F.S.A. 
The Right Hon. Earl Spencer, K.G., LL.D. 
The Right Hon. the Earl of Powis, D.C.L. 
The Right Hon. Earl Russell, K.G., F.R.S., F.R.G.S., F.S.S. 
The Right Hon. Earl Beauchamp. 
The Right Hon. the Earl of Leicester, K. G. 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Exeter. 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Lincoln, V.P.S.A. 
The Right Hon. Sir Thomas White {Lord Mayor of London). 
The Right Hon. Baroness Burdett-Coutts. 
The Right Hon. Lord Hatherley, P.C, D.C.L., F.R.S. 
The Right Hon. Lord Selborne, P.C. 
Lord Lothian. 
Lord Ronald Gower. 

His Excellency Count Munster {German Amba[fador). 
His Excellency Baron Solvyns {Belgian Minijier). 
Edwards Pierrepont, Esq. {United States Minijier). \ 

Rev. Sir Frederick Gore Ousley, Bart. 
Sir George Innes, Bart. 
Sir Charles Isham, Bart. 
Sir Henry W. Peek, Bart., M.P. 
Sir Rowland Hill, K.C.B., D.C.L., F.R.S. 
Right Rev. Bishop Claughton, D. D. 

Very Rev. A. P. Stanley, D.D., Dean of Westminster, F.R.S., F.S.A. 
Very Rev. R. W. Church, M.A., Dean of St. Paul's. 



I^atronjj* xiii 

IThe Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P., D.C.L., F.S.S. 
Alfred Tennyson, Esq^ D.C.L. (Poet Laureate). 
Edward Howley Palmer, Esq., (Governor of the Bank of England). 
Henry Hucks Gibbs, Esq., F.R.G.S., (Ex-Governor of the Bank of England). 
John Walter, Esq., M.P. 
Henry Fawcett, Esq^ M.P. 
A. J. B. Beresford-Hope, Esq., M.P. 



General Committee. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, 

IFho are ex-officio Members of the various Sub-Committees, 

Sir Charles Reed, LL.D., F. S.A. (Chairman). 

W. Clowes, Efq., F.R.G.S. ^ 

W. Spottiswoode, Efq., M.A., LL.D., . Treafurers. 

F.R.S., F.R.A.S., F.R.G.S ) 

W. Blades, Efq. 
John Coe, Efq. 
Walter J. Coe, Efq. 
George E. Eyre, Efq., M.A., F.S.A. 
C. Austen Leigh, Efq., M.A. 
R. C. Nichols, Efq., F.S.A. 
George A. Spottiswoode, Efq. 
John C. Wilkins, Efq. 

J. S. HoDsoN, Efq., Hon. Secretary, Grays Inn Chambers^ 20, High Holborn^ 
W.C. 

SUB-COMMITTEES, 

T(? whom the arrangement of the various Claffes of the 
Exhibition is referred, 

COMMITTEE I. (Claffes A, B and H.) 

George Bullen, Efq., F.S.A. (Keeper of the Printed Books, Britijb Mufeum)^ 

Chairman. 
Lord Charles William Brudenell-Bruce. 
Edwin Freshfield, Efq., M.A., F.S.A. 
Rev. C. D. GiNSBURG, LL.D. 
Robert Edmund Graves, Efq., B.A. 
Alfred Horwood, Efq. 

Profeflbr Leone Levi, F.S.A., F.S.S., F.R.G.S. 
Theodore Martin, Efq., C.B. 



xiv Cajcton Celebration. 

COMMITTEE I.— {continued). 

Rev. W. H. MiLMAN, M.A. {Librarian of Sion College). 

W. H. Overall, Efq., F.S.A. {Guildhall Lib. Lond.) 

George William Porter, Efq. 

J. E. Price, Efq., F.S.A. {Secretary Middlefcx Arcbtto logical Society). 

C. Spencer Perceval, Efq., LL.D. {Treajurer Soc. Ant.) 

Henry Stevens, Efq., F.S.A. {of Vermont). 

Elliot Stock, Efq. 

John R. Daniel-Tyssen, Efq., F.S.A. 

COMMITTEE II. {Claffes C, D and E.) 
A. Macmillan, Efq. {Chairman). 
R. Bagster, Efq. 
R. K. Causton, Efq. 
W. Clowes, Jun., Efq. 
Francis Fry, Efq., F.S.A. 
W.J. Ingram, Efq., M.P. 

S. W. Kershaw, Efq., M.A. {Library y Lambeth Palace). 
Henry Stevens, Efq., F.S.A. 
Andrew W. Tuer, Efq. 
George Unwin, Efq. 

COMMITTEE III. {Clafs F.) 

Alfred H. Littleton, Efq. (Chairman). 

Sir George Elvey, Muf. D. {Organijl, St. George's Chapel, Windfor). 

W. A. Barrett, Efq., Muf. B. Oxon, F.R.S.L. 

W. Chappell, Efq., F. S. A. 

William H. Cummings, Efq. 

W. G. CusiNS, Efq. {Majier of the Mufie to the ^een). 

W. Henderson, Efq. 

Edward J. Hopkins, Efq. {Organijl to the Temple Church). 

Charles Kensington Salaman, Efq. {Hon. Mem. Acad. S. Cecilia, Rome , 

Hon. Sec. Mujtcal Affociation). 
J. Stainer, Efq., M.A., Mus. D., {Organijl, St. Paul's Cathedral). 

COMMITTEE IV. {Claffes G and N ) 
Daniel Grant, Efq. {Chairman). 
R. H. Blades, Efq. 
W. H. Bradbury, Efq. 
N. Cooke, Efq. 
Edward Dalziel, Efq. 
H. W. Diamond, Efq,, M.D., F.S.A. 
Michael Hanhart, Efq. 
Mason Jackson, Efq. 



dPeneral Commfme* xv 

COMMITTEE IW .—{continued). 

George C. Leighton, Esq. 

Andrew Maclure, Efq. 

George William Reid, Efq., F.S.A. {Keeper of Prints and Drawings^ 

Britijh Mufeum). 
G. Wharton Simpson, Efq., F.S.A. 
W. Thomas, Efq. 
Edward Unwin, Efq. 
Joseph Whitaker, Efq., F.S.A. 
C. W. H. Wyman, Efq. 

COMMITTEE V. {Claffes L and M.) 

Benjamin Pardon, Efq. (Chairman). 

H. Burt, Efq. 

Richard Clay, Jun., Efq. 

E. A. CowpER, Efq. 
Arthur J. Powell, Efq. 
Andrew H. Reed, Efq., F.R.G.S. 
Talbot B. Reed, Efq. 

John Richard, Efq. 

T. W. Smith, Efq. {Cajlon and Co,) 

James Freeman Truscott, Efq. 

COMMITTEE VI. (Clafes K and O.) 

John Evans, Efq., F.R.S., V.P.S.A. (Chairman). 

F. p. Barlow, Efq. 

E. W. Brabrook, Efq., F.S.A. 

Joshua W. Butterworth, Efq., F.S.A. 

Edmund N. Haines, Efq. 

Rev. W. Sparrow Simpson, D.D., F.S.A. 

Samuel Spalding, Efq., F.S.A. 

Albert Spicer, Efq. 

N. Trubner, Efq. 

Lord Alfred Spencer-Churchill. 

Sir Sydney H. Waterlow, Bart., Alderman, M.P. 

Sir Francis Wyatt Truscott, Alderman. 

Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B. 

Sir James Philip Lacaita, K.C.M.G. 

Sir John Bennett. 

Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, K.C.S.I., C.B. (Prefident of the Royal Society), 

The Rt. Hon. William Henry Smith, M.P. (Firji Lord of the Admiralty). 

Rt. Hon. W. E. Forstbr, M.P. 



xvi Cai:ton Celebratfom 

MoNS. Alkan aIne {Neuilly). 

W. Am HURST Tyssen Am hurst, Esq^ F.S.A. 

Stephen Austin, Efq. {Hertford). 

Edward Baines, Efq. {Leeds), 

Dr. Anton Beck {Hofratb ; Director of the Imperial and State Printing 

Office y t^ienna). 
John Bellows, Efq. (Gloucefter). 
Francis Bennoch, Esq^ F.S.A. 
John Blackwood, Efq. {Edinburgh). 
J. C. Bloomfield, Efq. {Chairman, Printers^ Corporation). 
David Bogue, Efq. 
W. H. Bonnewell, Efq. 

Henry Bradshaw, Efq., M.A. {Univerjity Librarian, Cambridge). 
Herren Breitkopf and Hartel {Leipzig). 
J. C. Brevoort, Efq. {AJior Library, New T'ork). 
Mr. E. J. Brill {Leiden). 
Herr F. a. Brockhaus (Leipzig). 
Vincent Brooks, Efq. 
R. K. Burt, Efq. 
Herr W. Buxenstein {Berlin). 

Dr. M. F. a. G. Campbell {Keeper of the Royal Library at the Hague). 
Thomas Carlyle, Efq. 
MoNS. A. Chaix {Paris). 
MoNs. Gabriel Charavay {Paris). 
George W. Childs, Efq. {Philadelphia). 
M. GusTAVE Chouquet {Confervatoire de Mujique, Paris), 
Samuel Christie-Miller, Efq. 
Dr. F. Chrysander {Hamburg. 
MoNS. Jules Claye {Paris). 

C. J. Clay, Efq., M.A. {Cambridge Univerjity Prefs). 
W. Charles Knight Clowes, Efq., M.A. 
Wentworth L. Cole, Efq. 
N. Mac Coll, Efq. 
J. Payne Collier, Efq., F.S.A. 
W. H. Collingridge, Efq. 
Rev. C. C. Collins {Prejident of Sion College). 
T. Constable, Efq. 
A. Constable, Efq. {Edinburgh). 
Rev. H. O. CoxE, D.D. {Bodley's Librarian, Oxford). 
Joseph Cundall, Efq. 
George Dalziel, Efq. 

Warren De La Rue, Efq., M.A., D.C.L., F.R.S., V.P.C.S., F.R.A.S. 
M. Leopold Delisle {DireSlor, National Library, Paris). 
MoNS. A. FiRMiN Didot {Paris), 



(Beneral Committee* xvii 

W. Hepworth Dixon, Efq., F.S.A. 
Gen. John Eaton {CommiJJioner of Education y Wajhington). 
Mr. JoH. Enschede {Haarlem). 

Mr. A. J. Ensched^, Dr. Jur. {Keeper of the Archives at Haarlem). 
J. Fenton, Efq. 

B. Edgington Fletcher, Efq. (Norwich). 
Schriftgiesserei Flinsch (Frankfort-on-the-Main). 
BiRKET Foster, Efq. 
P. Le Neve Foster, Efq., M.A. 
Dr. Frankland, F.R. S. 
Alexander Eraser, Efq. {Edinburgh). 
Herr Carl Fromme {Court Printer^ Viennd). 
Henry Frowde, Efq. 
Thomas Dixon Galpin, Efq. 
Professor Gladstone, F.R.S. 
Herr Theod. Goebel {Stuttgart). 
George Grove, Efq., D.C.L., F.R.G.S. 
MM. Hachette & CiE. {Paris). 

MoNS. Ferd. Van der Haeghen {Univerjtty Library y Ghent). 
Ed. Pickard Hall, Efq., M.A. {Clarendon Prefs, Oxford). 
Herr Eduard Hallberger {Stuttgart). 
Henry Hansard, Efq. 

Edward Hanson, Efq. {Edinburgh). * 

H. Harrild, Efq. 
H. Harrild, Jun., Efq. 
James W. Harrison, Efq. 
Abel Heywood, Efq. {Manchefter). 
John Heywood, Efq. {Manchefter). 

Daniel Hill, Efq. {P reft dent of the Sacred Harmonic Society). 
Herr Gustav Hirsch {Mayence). 
Richard Hoe, Efq. (New Tork). 
R. R. Holmes, Efq., F.S.A. (IVindfor Caftle). 
Herr Adolf Holzhausen (Univerftty Printery Vienna). 
H. O. Houghton, Efq. (Riverftde Prefsy Cambridgey U.S.) 
ProfefFor Huxley, LL.D., F.R.S. 

Herren Gebruder Janecke and F. Schneemann (Hanover). 
Ben Johnson, Efq. (Tork). 

J. Winter Jones, Efq., F.S.A. (Principal Librarian, Britiftu Mufeum). 
Rev. S. Flood Jones, M. A. 
Herren Gebruder Kroner (Stuttgart). 
Dr. A. M. Ledeboer (Devantery Holland). 
John Leighton, Efq., F.S.A. 

S. S. Lewis, M.A., F.S.A. (Fellow and Librariany Corp. Chris. Coll.y Cam.) 
Rev. H. P. LiDDON, D.D. (Canon of St. PauPs). 

b 



xviii Carton Celrttatfom 

Rev. J. B. LiGHTFOOT, D.D. {Canon of St, Pau/*s). 

Henry W. Longfellow, D.C.L. 

William Longman, Efq., F.S.A. 

Rev. A. L6wY. 

Rev. W. H. Lyall, M.A. 

James Macaulay, Efq., LL.D. {Editor of" Lei/ure Hour"). 

MoNS. Alfred Mame {Tours). 

Rev. Samuel Manning, LL.D. 

Rev. Profeflbr D. W. Marks. 

David Marples, Efq. 

JosiAH Marples, Efq. {Liverpool). 

Horace B. Marshall, Efq., C.C., F.R.G.S. 

Julian Marshall, Efq. 

William Maskell, Efq. 

George H. Mason, Efq., C.C. 

F. C. Mathieson, Efq. 

John Miller-Richard, Efq. 

— G. H. Moore, Efq., LL.D. {Lenox Library y New Tork). 
Mr. Frederick Muller {Amfterdam). 

Joel Munsell, Efq. {Albany^ U.S.) 

Peter Murphy, Efq. {Dub/in Vniverjitj Prefs), 

— Neil, Efq. {Edinburgh). 

The Hon. and Rev. L. Neville, M.A. {Mafter of Magdalen College, 

Cambridge). 
T. W. Newton, Efq. {Library, Royal School of Mines), 
Serjeant Parry. 
'*-W. F. Poole, Efq. {Public Library, Chicago). 
Wyndham S. Portal, Efq. 

Rev. Bartholomew Price, M.A., F.R.S., F.R.A.S. {Oxford). 
J. C. Rait, Efq. 
P. Ranken, Efq. 

Andrew Reid, Efq. {NetocaJile-on-Tyne). 
Thomas Richards, Efq. {Government Printer, Sydney). 
Cavaliere Giulio Ricordi {Milan). 
W. Rider, Efq. 
Wm. Rivington, Efq. 
J. R. Robinson, Efq. 

MoNs. C. RuELENs {Royal Library, Brujfels). 
Rev. J. Fuller Russell, B.C.L., F.S.A. 

— The Hon. Stephen Salisbury {Pres. Amer, Ant. Soc, Woreefler, V.S,) 

— Lloyd P. Smith, Efq. {Philadelphia), 

William Smith, Efq., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., V.P.S.A. 
Alfred Southey, Efq. 
Herbert Spencer, Efq. 



(Beneral Committee* xix 

-—A. R. Spofford, Efq. (Librarian ofCongrefs, U.S.) 

W. W. Sprague, Efq. 

W. Spurrell, Efq. (Carmarthen). 

Rev. John Stoughton, D.D. 

Joseph Tanner, Jun., Efq. (Frome). 

Herr B. G. Teubner (Leipzig). 

Mr. P. A. TiELE (Keeper of the Books of the Univerjity Library at Leiden). 

Anthony Trollope, Efq. 
—J. Hammond Trumbull, Efq. LL.D. {IVatkinfon Library ^ Hartford^ U.S.) 

MoNS. H. J. Tucker (Paris). 

G. I. F. TuppER, Efq. 

Profeffor Tyndall, LL.D., F.R.S. 

F. Ullmer, Efq. 

James Virtue, Efq. 

Cornelius Walford, Efq., F.S.A.. F.S.S. 

Philip Waterlow, Efq. 

Charles J. Whittingham, Efq. 
^^usTiN WiNSOR, Efq. (Public Library, Bofton, U.S.) 

B. Winston E, Efq. 

C. H. Wright, Efq. 
J. B. Wolf, Efq. 

Rev. F. Barham Zincke (Prefident of the Education Society). 






Class A. 

WILLIAM CAXTON AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF 

THE ART OF PRINTING IN ENGLAND 

AND SCOTLAND. 

HE collection of books here arranged is so complete, and 
illustrates so thoroughly the typographical career of 
Caxton, that it seems appropriate to include in the prefa- 
tory remarks a short biography of the printer. 

The original documents having a direct reference to 
the life of Caxton are few, the most important being the prologues and 
epilogues written by himself, and appended to his various publications 
as they passed through the press. 

Caxton was bom about 1422 in the Weald of Kent, and received a 
good education in his youth. In 1438 he entered as an apprentice into 
the household of Alderman Robert Large, a wealthy mercer, who lived 
in a spacious mansion at the comer of the Old Jewry, nearly opposite the 
end of Basinghall Street. In 1441 Large died, and Caxton, to whom he 
left a small legacy, was turned over to a new master, and probably at 
once went to Bruges, then the capital of the dominions of the Duke of 
Burgundy, and the centre of the wool trade, wool being the staple 
article dealt in by mercers. Here Caxton must have been successful in 
trade, as in 1446 he was surety for a fellow mercer in a sum equal to 
^£"1,500 of our present money. In 1462 he appears as " Governor of the 
English Nation Abroad," a most important position, which gave him 
authority over all the English merchants in the Duke's dominions, who 
were associated together as "merchant adventurers." The head-quarters 
of this company were in London, at Mercers' Hall, a large majority of 

B 



2 Ca;cton Celebratfon* 

them being mercers. In 1464 he was nominated with Sir Robert Whitehill 
as ambassador to the Duke of Burgundy concerning a trade treaty, several 
of the letters to and from Caxton on this important matter being still 
preserved in the archives of the Mercers' Company. In 1468 took place 
at Bruges the marriage between the Princess Margaret of York, sister of 
King Edward IV., and Charles, Duke of Burgundy, and at this time 
Caxton probably attracted the notice and gained the goodwill of the 
Duchess of Burgundy. The same year Caxton was again chosen to act 
with two other mercers as ambassador to the Duke on trade arrange- 
ments. In March, 1469, Caxton appears for the first time in a literary 
capacity as translator of a few leaves of " Le Recueil des Histoires de 
Troye," a tale compounded of mythology, love, and " deeds of arms," 
but, dissatisfied with the attempt, he put them by without, as he says, 
any intention of completing the translation. In 1469 Caxton was still 
governor at Bruges, judgment being given in a dispute between an 
Englishman and a Genoese merchant in his name. It is dated May 1 2th, 
and is the latest notice of him in his official capacity. On the 13th 
August of the same year the town council of Bruges made him a present 
of wine. In 1470 the English king, Edward IV., took refuge in Bruges 
from the machinations of the Earl of Warwick, and at this time Caxton 
was doubtless of great use to his countrymen in their need. The exact 
date when Caxton entered the service of the Duchess of Burgundy is 
unknown. It must, however, have been about 1470, as in March of the 
succeeding year he was receiving a yearly salary and other benefits. It 
is probable that at this time he married. In March, 147 1, the Duchess 
commanded him to continue his translation of " Le Recueil," which he 
did with alacrity, for although at one time at Ghent and then at Cologne, 
the task was not neglected, till on the 19th September in the same year 
he offered to his royal mistress a complete manuscript copy of " The 
Recuyell of the Histories of Troye." The romance was a success, and 
many of the English lords required copies, so that Caxton wearied both 
hand and eye in trying to satisfy them. How long he supplied manu- 
script copies before he thought of printing is unknown, but it was about 
1474-75 that the first printed edition was completed. This was done, as 
all the typographical minutiae of the books prove, by the aid of Colard 
Mansion, the first printer at Bruges, and in passing this book through 
the press Caxton made his first essay as a printer. The next year saw 
the issue of the "Chess-book," and in 1476, or early in 1477, Caxton 
left Bruges, and settled as a printer at Westminster, under the shadow of 
the Abbey. Here until his death, in 149 1, he published at least ninety- 
nine works, of which ninety are represented in this collection by 
original copies, and nine in fac-simile. 

Concerning the arrangement and sequence of the copies a few words 
must be said. 



Cla00 ja*— Ca;cton atiD 3Det)elopment of tje ^rt* 3 

Of all the books issued by Caxton, only one-third have the date of 
imprint plainly stated. Placing these dated books by themselves in 
chronological order, we find that they naturally fall into eight clearly 
defined classes : — 

Type No. i. — The Bruges-printed books, for which one type only was 
used, which makes its first appearance in " The Recuyell." 

Type No. 2. — The first type used at Westminster, of which the first 
edition of "The Dictes," 1477, is the representative. It lasted no 
longer than the end of 1478, after which it disappears. 

Type No. 2*. — A re-cast of No. 2, with variations, lasting from " The 
Cordial" in 1479 to "Tully," 1481. 

Type No. 3 was used from 1479 ^o ^4^4i ^or head-lines. It was a 
Missal type and unsuited for the text of books generally. 

Type No. 4 makes its first appearance in "The Chronicles" of 1480. 
and goes out of use with the " Confessio " in 1484. 

Type No. 4* is a re-cast of No. 4. It appears first in the " Knight 
of the Tower," 1483, and last in "Paris and Vienne," December, 1485, 
although it is probable that books without date were printed in it for 
two years later. 

Type No. 5 begins with the " Book of Good Manners," 1487, the last 
dated book being the " Doctrinal " of 1489. 

Type No. 6 (which is No. 2 altered) comes in with " Fayts of Arms," 
1489, and lasts over Caxton's death, being used by his successor, Wynken 
de Worde. 

We have here evidently a good foundation for classification, the data 
of which may still further be multiplied by noticing some of the typo- 
graphical habits of the workmen. For instance : — 

The practice of printing books with lines of an uneven length, a sure 
sign of an infant press, and found in all Caxton's first productions, was 
entirely discontinued in 1480. 

The use of printed signatures is a proof that the book in which they 
occur was not earlier than 1480. 

The paragraph mark was not used by Caxton until the year 1483. 

The great device was first used in 1487, and the small device at once 
shows the book to be printed after Caxton's death. 

Woodcut embellishments began with Parvus Catho in 1480, and 
printed initials in 1483. 

If now we take the mass of undated books, and arrange them accord- 
ing to their types and the above signs of date, we obtain the chronolo- 
gical sequence of the following list, which includes everything at present 
known to have been issued from the Press of William Caxton. 



Carton Celebration. 



Type No. i. At Bruges. 

The Recu^ell of the Histories of Troye. Folio. 1474. 
i. Lc Recueil des Histoires de Troye. Folio. 1475-6. 

ii. The Game of the Chesse. Folio. 1st edition. 1476. 

V. Les fais de Jason. Folio. 1476. 

V. Meditacions. Folio. 1478. 

Type No. 2. At Bruges. 
vi. Les quatre derrenieres choses. Folio. 1476. 

Type No. 2. At Westminster. 

vii. The Dictes and Sayings. Folio. 1st edition. 1477. 

viii. History of Jason. Folio. 1477. 

ix. Horse. 1st edition. 8vo. 1477-78. 

X. Canterbury Tales. 1st edition. Folio. 1477-78. 

xi. Moral Proverbs. Folio. 1478. 

xii. Propositio Joh. Russell. 4to. 1478. 

xiii. Stans Puer. 410. 1477-78. 

xiv. Parvus Catho. 1st edition. 4to. 1477-78. 

XV. Parvus Catho. 2nd edition. 4to. 1477-78. 

xvi. Horse, Sheep, and Goose, ist edition. 4to. 1477-78. 

xvii. Horse, Sheep, and Goose. 2nd edition. 4to. 1477-78. 

xviii. Infancia Salvatoris. 4to. 1477-78. 

xix. The Temple of Glass. 4to. 1477-78. 

XX. The Chorle and the Bird, ist edition. 4to. 1477-78. 

xxi. The Chorle and the Bird. 2nd edition. 4to. 1477-78. 

xxii. The Temple of Brass. 4to. 1477-78. 

xxiii. The Book of Courtesy. 1st edition. 4to. 1477-78. 

xxiv. Anelida and Arcite. 4to. 1477-78. 

XXV. Boethius. Folio. 1477-78. 

Type No. 2.* At Westminster. 

xxvi. Cordyale. Folio. 1479. 

xxvii. Fratris Laur. Gul. de Saona. Folio. 1480. 

xxviii. Dictes and Sayings. 2nd edition. 1480. 

xxix. An Indulgence. 148 1. 

XXX. Parvus et Magnus Catho, by Burgh. Folio. 1481. 

xxxi. Mirrour of the World. Folio. 1481. 

xxxii. Reynart the Fox. Folio. 1481. 

xxxiii. Tully of Old Age. Folio. 1481. 

xxxiv. The Game of the Chesse. Folio. 1482. 

Type No. 3. At Westminster. 

XXXV. A Hand-bill. 1478. 

XXX vi. Directorium Sacerdotum. 4to. 1st version. 1477-78. 

xxxvii. Horae. 2nd edition. 4to. 1480-83. 

xxxviii. Psalterium. 410. 1480-83. 

Type No. 4. At Westminster. 

xxxix. Chronicles. Folio, ist edition. 1480. 

xl. Description of Britain. Folio. 1480. 

xli. Curia Sapientiae. Folio. 1481. 

xlii. Godfrey of Bulloyii. Folio. 1481. 



Cla00 0.— Ca;cton and SDettlopment of t^e Slvu 

xliii. An Indulgence. 1481. 

xliv. Chronicles. Folio. 2nd edition. 1482. 

xlv. Polychronicon. Folio. 1482. 

xlvi. Pilgrimage of the Soul. Folio. 1483. (Partly in type No. 4*.) 

Type No. 4.* At Westminster. 

xlvii. A Vocabulary. Folio. 1483. 

xlviii. The Festial. ist edition. Folio. 1483. 

xlix. Quatuor Sermones. ist edition. Folio. 1483. 

1. Servitium de Visitatione. 4to. 1480-83. 

li. Sex Epistolae. 4to. 1483. 

lii. Confessio Amantis. Folio. 1483. 

liii. Knight of the Tower. Folio. 1484. 

liv. Caton. Folio. 1484. 

Iv. Golden I^end. ist edition. Folio. 1484. 

Ivi. Death-bed Prayers. Folio. 1484. 

Ivii. The Fables of y^sop. Folio. 1484. 

Iviii. Order of Chivalry. 4to. 1484. 

lix. Canterbury Tales. 2nd edition. 1484. 

Ix. Book of Fame. Folio. 1484. 

Ixi. The Curial. Folio. 1484. 

Ixii. Troilus and Creside. Folio. 1484. 

Ixiii. The Life of our Lady. Folio. 1484. 

Ixiv. Life of St. Winifrede. Folio. 1485. 

Ixv. King Arthur. Folio. 1485. 

Ixvi. Charles the Great. Folio. 1485. 

Ixvii. Paris and Vienne. Folio. 1485. 

Ixviii. Golden Legend. 2nd edition. Folio. 1487. 

Type No. 5. At Westminster. 

Ixxi. Book of Good Manners. Folio. 1487. 

[Ixxii. Sarum Missal. Printed for Caxton at Paris. Folio. 1487.] 

Ixxiii. Speculum. 1st edition. 1487. 

Ixxiv. Directorium. 1st edition of second version. Folio. 1487. 

Ixxv. Horae. 3rd edition. 8vo. 1488. 

Ixxvi. Royal Book. Folio. 1488. 

Ixxvii. Image of Pity. 4to. 1489. 

Ixxviii. Doctrinal of Sapience. Folio. 1489. 

Ixxix. Speculum. 2nd edition. Folio. 1490. 

Ixxx. Commemoracio Lamentationis. 410. 1491. 

Ixxxi. Servitium de Transfiguracione. 4to. 1491. 

Ixxxii. Horae. 4th edition. 1491. 

Type No. 6. At Westminster. 

Ixxxiii. Fayts of Arms. Folio. 1489. 

Ixxxiv. Statutes of Hen. VII. Folio. 1489. 

Ixxxv. Govemal of Helthe. 4to. 1489. 

Ixxxvi. Reynart the Fox. 2nd edition. 1489. 

Ixxxvii. Blanchardyn and Eglantine. Folio. 1489. 

Ixxxviii. Four Sons of Aymon. Folio. 1489. 

Ixxxix. Directorium. 2nd edition of second version. Folio. 1489. 

xc. Eneydos. Folio. 1490. 

xci. Dictes and Sayings. 3rd edition. 1490. 



6 Cajcton Celebration* 

xcii. Mirrour of the World. 2nd edition. 1490. 

xciii. The xv. Oes. 4to. 1490- 

xdv. Diverse ghostly Matters. 4to. 1490. 

xcv. Arte and Crafte. Folio. 149 1. 

xcvi. Festial. 2nd edition. Folio. 1491. 

xcvii. Four Sermons. 2nd edition. Folio. 149 1, 

xcviii. Ars Moriendi. 4to. 1491. 

xcix. Book of Courtesy. 2nd edition. 1491. 

c. Chastising of God's Children. Folio. 1491. And the Treatise of Love. 
Folio. 1 49 1. 

By Caxton's Executors. Westminster. 

ci. Life of St. Katherine. Folio. 1493. 

cii. Golden Legend. 3rd edition. Folio. 1493. 

ciii. Siege of Rhodes. Folio. 1493-94- 

William Blades. 



Section L 

ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATING THE LIFE OF 
WILLIAM CAXTON. 



ERCERS' Records. Wardens' Accounts. 

Lent by the Worshipful Company of Mercers. 
Under the i6th year of Henry VL (1437-38) : 

** Item John Large ) les apprentices de 

Item William Caxston f Robert Large, iiij s." 
This was the fee for apprenticeship. 

2. Mercers' Records. Acts of Court. 

Lent by the Worshipful Company of Mercers. 
A letter sent by the Court of the Merchant Adventurers to William Caxton, 
Governor of the English Nation beyond the sea. It is endorsed : "A lettre send 
ou to Caxton gounor." and begins : ** Right trusty Sir, We grete youe well." 

3. Churchwardens' Accounts of Saint Margaret, Westminster. 

Lent by the Rector and Churchwardens. 
Among the Receipts in 1491 is the following : 

"Item. At bureying of William Caxton for iiij Torches — yjj. viij</. 
Item. For the Bell atte same Bureying — vj</." 
Caxton's name appears also three times as auditor of the parish accounts. 

4. The Wardens' Accounts of the Guild of our Lady, St. Margaret's 
Westminster. 15th cent L^nt by the Rector and Churchwardens. 

This volume shows the connection of the Westminster Guild with the Wool 
Staple and with the Mercers' Company. It also contains in the later years several 
interesting entries of charges for work done by Pynson and other early typc^raphers. 




Cla0j2( ^.— Ca;cton anD 3Detjelopment of tje Situ 7 

A Photograph of a MS. supposed to be in Caxton's autograph. 

Presented by the Hon. and Rev. A. Nevile. 
It is a translation of the loth to the 15th books of Ovid's Metamorphoses, and 
was doubtless intended for the press, and perhaps printed. No printed copy, nor 
even a fragment has yet been found, but the following Colophon here exhibited 
leads to the hope that a copy will some day be discovered. "Translated and 
fynysshed by me William Caxton at Westmestre the xxij day of Apryll, the yere of 
our lord m. iiijc iiijxx "-(1480). The original is in the Pepysian Library, Cam- 
bridge. 



Section II. 

THE PRESS OF WILLIAM CAXTON AND COLARD 
MANSION AT BRUGES. 

Books Printed in Type No. i. 

6. 
EFEVRE, Raoul. The Recuyell of the Histories of Troye. 
Translated 1469-71. Without place or date of printing, but 
probably at Bruges about 1474. Folio. 

Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 
In a glass case alone on a velvet cushion, being the first book printed in the 
English language, during the printing of which, as Caxton says in the Epilogue 
to Book II., he learnt his new art. This copy has the autograph of Elizabeth 
Grey, Queen of Edward IV., and cost 1,000 guineas at the Roxbur^he Sale in 
1812. The original vellum cover is bound up with it. 

7. Lefevre, Raoul. The Recuyell of the Histories of Troye. A second 

copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First page, printed in red ink. 

7 •.Lefevre, Raoul. The Recuyell of the Histories of Troye. A third 
copy. 

8. Lefevre, Raoul. The Recuyell of the Histories of Trove. A fourth 
copy, Lent by the President and Governors of Sion Collegey London. 

Last page. 

9. Cessolis, Jacobus de. The Game and Play of the Chess, moralised. 
First edition. Translated in 1474. Without printer's name, date, or 
place, but about 1475. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer, 

This also was probably printed at Bruges by Caxton and Mansion. First page. 

There is very little about chess in the work, each separate piece being used 
merely as a peg whereon to hang an anecdotical essay on the various duties of 
mankind. 




8 Carton Celebration* 

10. Cessolis, Jacobus de. The Game and Play of the Chess, moralised. 
A third copy. Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

11. Lefevre, Raoul. Le Recueil des Histoires de Troye. Compose 
en Ian de grace, 1464. Without printer's name, place, or date, but 
probably printed at Bruges about 1476. Folio. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 
First page. This is the first book printed in French, and is believed by 
many English bibliographers to have been printed by Colard Mansion. 

12. Lefevre, Raoul. Le Recueil des Histoires de Troye. A second 
copy. Last page. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

13. Lefevre, Raoul. Les Fais de Jason. Without printer's name, 
place, or date. Printed at Bruges, probably by Colard Mansion, 
about 1476-77. Folio. 

Lent by the Provost and Fellows of Eton College. 
This is the only copy in England ; there are two in Paris. 

14. D'AiLLY, Pierre, Cardinal. Meditacions sur les sept pseaulmes 
penitenciaulx. Without printer's name, place, or date. Probably 
printed at Bruges by Colard Mansion about 1477. 

A page in facsimile from the unique copy in the British Museum, which was 
discovered by Mr. Winter Jones, in 1841, in the same cover with "Les Quatre 
derrenieres choses," just as they were bound when issued. 



Section IIL 

CAXTON'S PRESS AT WESTMINSTER. 

Books Printed in Type No. 2. 

15- 
EMORARE Novissima. Les quatre derrenieres choses. With- 
out printer's name, place, or date. Appears to have been 
printed at Bruges about 1476. Folio. 

A page in facsimile from the unique copy in the British Museum. The 
peculiar use of red ink should be noticed as a link with the press of Colard 
Mansion. (See No. 192.) A page by Mansion is placed by its side. 

16. The Dictes and notable wise Sayings of the Philosophers. First 
edition. Without colophon. " Emprynted by me Wylliam Caxton 
at Westmestre. 1477." Folio. Lent by S. Christie-Miller^ Esq. 
This book is placed alone in a glass case on a velvet cushion, being the first book 
from Caxton's press with printer's name, and with place and date of printing, 
thus forming the foundation stone of the present Celebration. 




Cla52(0 2i.—€axton and 2Detjelopment of t^e ^rt. 9 

17. The Dictes and notable wise Sayings of the Philosophers. First 
edition. Without colophon. Printed at Westminster by William 
Caxton. Folio. 1477. A second copy. 

Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst. 
The first book from Caxton's press with printer's name, place, and an unmis- 
takable date. 

18. The Dictes and notable wise Sayings of the Philosophers. First 
edition. " Emprinted by me William Caxton at Westmestre, 1477." 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

This copy is unique in having the colophon of the second edition, but in 
different type, printed on the last page. 

1 9. Lefevre, Raoul. The History of Jason. Folio. Without printer's 
name, date, or place. About 1477. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First page. 

20. Lefevre, Raoul. The History of Jason. A second copy. 
Last page. Lent from the Bodleian Library. 

21. HoRiE ad usum Sarum. First edition. 8vo. 1477-78. 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

Facsimile by G. I. F. Tupper, showing how the book looked when bound. 

8 pages. This was probably the smallest book which issued from Caxton's 

press, and must have made originally a charming little volume, although known 

now by a fragment only, which is in the Douce Collection at Oxford. 

2 2. Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales. Folio. Without 
printer's name, place, or date. First edition. About 1477-78. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

23. Christine de Pisan, The Moral Proverbs of. Translated by Earl 
Rivers, and " Enprinted by Caxton at Westmestre." Folio. 1478. 
First page. Lent by S. Christie-Miller, Esq. 

24. Christine de Pisan, The Moral Proverbs of. A second copy. 

lAnt by the Earl of Jersey. 

25. Christine de Pisan, The Moral Proverbs of. A third copy. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Last page. These three are the only copies of this book known. 

26. pROPOSiTio Johannis Russell. 4to. Without printer's name, 
place, or date. Printed about 1478. L^ent by Earl Spencer. 

First page. A Latin oration made upon the investment of the Duke of Bur- 
gimdy with the Order of the Garter. 

27. Propositio Johannis Russell. A second copy. 

Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 
Last page. These two are the only copies known. 



10 Ca]:ton Celebratfon* 

28. Lydgate, John. Stans Puer ad Mensam. 4to. Printed about 1478. 

Unique. Lent from the University Library, Cambridge, 

A boy's school-book, teaching Latin and good manners at the same time. 

29. Parvus Catho, by Burgh. 4to. First edition. Printed about 
1478. Unique. Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 

A boy's school-book. 

30. Parvus Catho, by Burgh. 4to. Second edition. Printed about 
1478. Unique. Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

31. Lydgate, John. The Horse, the Sheep, and the Groose. 4to. First 
edition. Printed about 1478. Unique. 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 
A poetical disputation as to which of these animals was most useful to mankind. 

32. Lydgate, John. The Horse, the Sheep, and the Goose. 4to. 
Second edition. About 1478. 

Lent by the Dean and Chapter of York. 

33. Infancia Salvatoris. 4to. Without printer's name, place, or date. 
About 1478. Unique. 

Lent from the University Library, Gottingen. 

Purchased from Osborne, a celebrated London bookseller, in 174S, who had 
bought all the printed books of the Harleian Library. The librarian of Gottin- 
gen, who purchased five other Caxtons at the same time, gave half-a-guinea 
for it. 

34. Lydgate, John. The Temple of Glass. 4to. About 1478. 

Unique. Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 

A poetic composition of Dan John Lydgate. 

35. Lydgate, John. The Chorle and the Birde. 4to. First edition. 
About 1478. Unique. 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 
A favourite piece of poetry by Lydgate, in which a labourer and a nightingale 
discourse of mundane matters. 

36. The Chorle and the Bird. 4to. Second edition. About 1478. 
Unique. L^nt by the Dean and Chapter of York. 

37. Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Temple of Brass. 4to. About 1478. 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 
This is Chaucer's " Parliament of Fowls." 

38. The Book of Courtesye. (Lytyl John.) 4to. First edition. About 
1478. Unique. Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 

A school-book. 



Cla00 51.— CajCton anti 3Det3elopment of tje iart. n 

39. Chaucer, Geoffrey. Anelida and Arcyte. 4to. About 1478. 
Unique. Lent from the University Library^ Cambridge, 

40. BoETHius de Consolatione Philosophiae, translated into English 
by Geoffrey Chaucer. " I William Caxton have done my devoir to 
enprint it." Without place or date. Folio. About 1478. First 
page. Lent by the Dean and Chapter of Ripon. 

4o*.BoETHius de Consolatione Philosophiae. A second copy. 

Lent by the Duke of Devonshire, 

41. BoETHius de Consolatione Philosophiae. A third copy. 

L^nt by the President and Governors of Sion College^ London. 

42. BoETHius de Consolatione Philosophiae. A fourth copy. 

Lent by Earl Spencer, 

43. CoRDVALE, or the Four Last Things. Folio. 1479. First page. 

Lent by Earl Spencer, 
A translation of " Les quatre derrenieres choses," already noticed. 

44. CoRDYALE, or the Four Last Things. A second copy. Last page. 

Lent by John E. T. Loveday, Esq. 

45. Fratris Laurentii Gulielmi de Saona Margarita. Folio. Without 
printer's name, place, or date. About 1478-80. 

Lent by the Masterand Fellows of Corpus Christi College^ Cambridge. 

This has, by a curious misconception, been generally considered as printed at 
Cambridge in 1478, instead of compiled only. Mr. Bradshaw recc^ized it as 
a Caxton in 1861. 

The only other copy known to exist is at Upsala. 

46. The Dictes and Notable Wise Sayings of the Philosophers. Second 
edition. With colophon, and same date as first edition, but really 
1480. Folio. L^nt by the Duke of Devonshire, 

46*.The Dictes and Notable Wise Sayings of the Philosophers. Second 
edition. JLent by Earl Speruer. 

Exhibited for the sake of the ** Hand-bill" under No. 65. 

47. Parvus et Magnus Catho, by Burgh. Third edition. Folio. With 
woodcuts. About 1 48 1. Last page. 

Lent by the President and Fellows of St. John's College^ Oxford. 

48. Parvus et Magnus Catho, by Burgh. Third edition. A second 
copy. First page. Lent by Earl Spencer. 



la Canon Celebration. 

49. Letters of Indulgence of John Kendale. On parchment. 1481. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 
Phot<^raphed from the unique original in the British Museum. 

5a The Mirrour of the World. Without printer's name, place, or date, 

but printed in 1481. Woodcucb. First edition. Translated 1481. 

Folio. Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

The first page. The work is a kind of fifteenth century Encyclopaedia, giving 

information upon all the sciences at that time known. 

51. The Mirrour of the World First edition. A second copy. Last 
page. Lent by John Moore Paget ^ Esq. 

52. The Mirrour of the World. First edition. A third copy. 

L^nt by the Earl of Jersey. 

53. The Mirrour of the World. First edition. A fourth copy. Last 
page. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

54. The Mirrour of the World. First edition. A fifth copy. 

L^nt by the University of Gottingen. 

55. The History of Reynard the Fox. First edition. Folio. Trans- 
lated in the Abbey of Westminster, by William Caxton, 1481, but 
without printer's name, place, or date. 1481. First page. 

Lent by the Provost and Fellows of Eton College. 

56. The History of Reynard the Fox. A second copy. Last page. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

57. Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Tully of Old Age; of Friendship; the 
Declamation of Noblesse. "Enprynted by me symple persone 
William Caxton." Without place. Folio. 1481. First page. 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

58. Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Tully of Old Age ; of Friendship ; the 
Declamation of Noblesse. A second copy. Last page. 

Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst. 

59. Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Tully of Old Age; of Friendship; the 
Declamation of Noblesse. A third copy. First page of Amicitia. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College, London. 

60. Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Tully of Old Age ; of Friendship ; the 
Declamation of Noblesse. A fourth copy. Last page of Amicitia. 

L^nt by the Duke of Devonshire. 

61. Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Tully of Old Age; of Friendship; the 
Declamation of Noblesse. A fifth copy. 

L^nt by the Provost and Fellows of Eton. 



Cla00 Si.—€axton anU 3Det3elopment of tje Sivu 13 

6i*.CiCERO, Marcus Tullius. Tully of Old Age; of Friendship ; the 
Declamation of Noblesse. A sixth copy. The First page of the 
Declamation. Lent by the Earl of Jersey. 

62. Cessolis, Jac. de. The Game and Play of the Chess, moralised. 
With woodcuts. Second edition. " Explicit per Caxton." With- 
out place or date. Folio. 1482. 

Lent by Lord Tollemache of Helmingham. 
First page. Although very difFerent, this edition is not unfrequently mistaken 
for the hrst. 

63. Cessolis, Jac de. The Game and Play of the Chess, moralised. 
A second copy. Unt by the Duke of Devonshire. 

64. Cessolis, Jac. de. The Game and Play of the Chess, moralised. 
A third copy. Last page. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 



Books Printed in Type No. 3. 
This bold type was chiefly used for head-lines. 

65. An Advertisement. A Hand-bill notifying the Sale of "Pyes of 
salisburie vse," beginning " If it plese ony man spirituel or tem- 
porel," &c. (5 by 7 inches.) About 1478. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Bound in a copy of ** The Dictes." 

66. Last leaf of Boethius de Consolatione, all in Type No. 3. 

Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

67. PsALTERiUM. 4to. 1480-83 (?) Lent by IV. Blades^ Esq. 

Facsimile page from the unique copy discovered by Mr. Bullen in the British 
Museum. 

Books Printed in Types No. 4 and 4*. 

68. The Chronicles of England. Folio. " Emprynted by me William 
Caxton in thabbey of Westmynstre." First edition, with short 
commas. 1480. First page. Lent by the Duke of Deiwnshire. 

69. The Chronicles of England. Folio. First edition, with short 
commas. 1480. JUnt by St. John's College, Oxford. 

70. The Description of Britain. Folio. " Fynysshed by me William 
Caxton." 1480. First page. I^ent by the Marquis of Lothian. 

71. The Description of Britain. Folio. 1480. 

Lent from the Bodleian Library, Oxford. 



H Cajcton Celebration^ 

72. The Description of Britain. Folio, 1480. 

Lent by tJu Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Showing the account of Wales and its marvels. 

73. Curia Sapientiae, or the Court of Sapience. Folio. Without 
printer's name, date, or place, but printed about 1481. First page. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

74. Curia Sapientiae, or the Court of Sapience. Folio. About 148 1. 

Lent by the President and Fellows of St. John^s College^ Oxford. 
Last page. 

75. Godfrey of Boloyne; or The Conquest of Jerusalem. Folio. 
" Printed in the Abbey of Westminster by William Caxton." 1481. 
First page. Lent from the University Library^ Cambridge. 

76. GrODFREY of Boloync ; or the Conquest of Jerusalem. A second 
copy. Lent from the Baptist College^ Bristol. 

First page of text. This book is very uncommon in a perfect state. 

77. Godfrey of Boloyne; or The Conquest of Jerusalem. A third 
copy, open at last page of table. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

77*. Godfrey of Boloyne. A fourth copy. Lent by Gottingen University, 

Last page of volume. 

78. An Indulgence granted by Pope Sixtus IV. to all who would assist 
in opposing the Turks at the Siege of Rhodes. 1481. 

From the Bedfordshire General Library. 

Two copies, used to strengthen the binding of "The Book Royal," which was 

printed about 1488. They were placed, one at the beginning and one at the end. 

79. The Chronicles of England. Folio. " Emprynted by me William 
Caxton in thabbey of Westmestre." Second edition, with long 
commas. 1482. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First page. All the known copies of this edition, except that presented by 
Earl Cawdor to the British Museum, want the last leaf. 

80. The Chronicles of England. A second copy. 

Lent by the Earl of Jersey. 

81. PoLYCHRONicoN. FoHo. Imprinted and set in forme by me Wil- 
liam Caxton. Without place or date. (Westminster, 1482.) 

Lent by Earl Spencer, 
First page. This work is very rarely found perfect at the end. 

82. PoLYCHRONicON. A sccond copy. 

Lent from St. John^s College^ Cambridge, 
Autograph of "Tho. Baker, Col. Jo. Socius ejectus." ** So scarce and dear 
that it cost me what I am ashamed to own." 



Cla00 2i.—€axton anti SDetjeloprntnt of tje Sivu 15 

83. PoLYCHRONicoN. A third copy. 

Zen^ by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst^ Esq. 

84. POLYCHRONICON. A fourth copy. Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

Open at Liber Ultimus where Caxton commences his own historical com- 
pilation. 

85. Deguileville, Guillaume de. The Pilgrimage of the Soul. First 
page. Lent by S. Christie-Miller^ Esq. 

86. Deguileville, Guillaume de. The Pilgrimage of the Soul. " Em- 
pry nted at Westmestre by William Caxton." 1483. Folio. Last 
page. Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

87. Deguileville, Guillaume de. The Pilgrimage of the Soul. A 
second copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The "Death-bed Prayers," a unique example, bemg bound in the same volume, 
this copy is exhibited imder No. 105. 

88. A Vocabulary in French and English. Folio. Without printer's 
name, place, or date. (Westminster, early 1480.) 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First page. Dr. Dibdin entitles this "A book for travellers. Only four 
copies are known. 

89. A Vocabulary in French and English. A second copy. Last 
page. Lent by the Dean and Chapter of Ripon. 

90. A Vocabulary in French and English. A third copy. 

Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 
The copy at Bamborough Castle completes the number known to exist. 

91. The Festial (Liber Festivalis.) Folio. " Emprinted at West- 
mynster by Wyllyam Caxton the last daye of Juyn 1483." First 
edition. First page. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

92. Four Sermons. Folio. " Emprynted by William Caxton at West- 
mestre." Without date. (1483.) Last page. 

Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

93. Servitium de Visitatione Beatae Mariae Virginis. Without printer's 
name, place, or date. Quarto. (Early 1480.) 

A fac-simile by G. L F. Tupper, from the unique copy in the British Museum. 

94. Sex perelegantissirae Epistole. 4to. 1483. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

A facsimile of last page. The original was discovered in 1874, by Dr. Kon- 
necke in the Hecht-Heinean Library, Halberstadt. 

95. Gower, John. Confessio Amantis. Folio. " Emprynted at West- 
mestre by me Willyam Caxton, 1483." Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First page. 



1 6 Canon Celebration 

96. GowER, John. Confessio Amantis. A second copy. Last page. 

Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 
The date is given as "a thousand /cccc/ Ixxxxiij," an evident error for "Ixxxiij." 

96*.GowER, John. Confessio Amantis. A third copy, with every leaf 
stained yellow. Lent by Earl Jersey. 

97. Latour Landry, G. de. The Book which the Knight of the 
Tower made to the enseygnment and teaching of his daughters. 
" Emprynted at Westmynstre." Folio. 1484. First page. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

98. Latour Landry, G. de. The Book which the Knight of the Tower 
made to the enseygnment and teaching of his daughters. A second 
copy. Last page. Lent from the University Library^ Cambridge. 

99. Latour Landry, G. de. The Book which the Knight of the Tower 
made. Folio. 1484. Lent from the Bodleian Library^ Oxon. 

Bound up with No. 107. 

100. Caton. The Book called Caton. Translated by Caxton in 1484, 
from an extensive French Gloss of the Parvus Catho and Magnus 
Catho. Without printer's name, place, or date. Folio. (1484.) 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First page, which states that the work was translated at Westminster by 
Caxton, who dedicated it to the renowned City of London. 

1 01. Caton. The Book called Caton. Translated by Caxton in 1484, 
from an extensive French Gloss of the Parvus Catho and Magnus 
Catho. A second copy. Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

102. Caton. The Book called Caton. A third copy. 

Lent from the University Library^ Cambridge^ 

1 02*. Caton. The Book called Caton. A fourth copy. 

Lent by the Marquis of Ailesbury. 

103. VoRAGiNE, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. With woodcuts. 
First edition. " Fynyshed at Westmestre," in 1 483, " By me Wyllyam 
Caxton." (Large type for the head-lines of the pages.) Large folio. 
(1484.) First page. llent by Earl Spencer. 

104. VoRAGiNE, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. A second copy. 

Lent by Corpus Christi College^ Cambridge. 

105. Death-bed Prayers. A single folio. (1484.) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Although bound up in "The Pilgrimage of the Soul," this leaf does not 
belong to that work, but was a separate sheet probably intended for Priests to 
put in their pockets and use at the bed-side of the dying. 



Cla00 Si.—€axtm atits SDetelopment of tje Sivu 1 7 

106. i^sop. The Fables of -^sop ; of Avian; ofAlfonse; andofPoge 
the Florentine. With woodcuts. "Emprynted by me William 
Caxton at Westmynstre." Folio. 1484. 

Ze;it by Her Majesty the Queen. 
First page. The woodcut of yEsop here shown is unique. 

107. ^sop. The Fables of ^sop ; of Avian; ofAlfonse; andofPoge 
the Florentine. A second copy. Lent from the Bodleian Library. 

108. The Order of Chivalry. Quarto. Without printer's name, place, 
or date. (1484.) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First page. Translated by Caxton and presented to Richard III. Famous for 
a stirring appeal to the Knighthood of England from the pen of Caxton. 

109. Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales. Folio. "By William 
Caxton." Without place or date. (1484.) Second edition. With 
numerous woodcuts. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Caxton had a great admiration for Chaucer, and having found a purer text of 
the Canterbury Tales than that used for his first edition, put a second edition to 
press at once. 

no. Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales. Folio. Second 
edition. A second copy. Lent by St. John^s College^ Oxford. 

111. Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales. Folio. Second 
edition. A third copy. Lent by Sir J. Buxton^ Bart. 

112. The Book of Fame, made by Geoffrey Chaucer. Folio. Em- 
pry nted by Wylliam Caxton. Without place or date. (1484.) 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 
First page. Only 4 copies known. 

113. The Curial. Folio. Without printer's name, place, or date. 
(1484.) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

There are but 6 leaves in a perfect copy, and only two copies are known, the 
second being in the British Museum. 

114. Troilus and Criseide. Folio. Without printer's name, place, or 
date. (1483.) Lent from St. John's College, Oxford. 

Bound in No. 1 10. 

115. Troilus and Criseide. A second copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

116. The Life of our Lady. Folio. " Emprj'ntyd by Wyllyam Caxton." 
Without place or date. (1484-) ^ftl h' ^orl Spencer. 

Last page. 
C 



i8 Carton Celebratfom 

117. The Life of the Holy and Blessed Virgin, Saint Winifrede. Folio. 
Without Printer's name, place, or date. " Reduced into Englysshe 
by me William Caxton." (1485.) 

Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 
First page. Only three copies of this work are known. 

1 1 8. Arthur, King of Great Britain. A Book of the noble Histories 
of King Arthur, and of certain of his Knights. " Enprynted in 
thabbey westmestre." "Caxton me fieri fecit" Folio. 1485. 
First page. Lent by the Earl of Jersey, 

1 1 9. Arthur, King of Great Britain. A Book of the noble Histories 
of King Arthur. A second copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

This and the copy at Osterley are the only two known. 

120. The Life of the Noble and Christian Prince Charles the Great. 
Folio. 1485. A fragment. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

121. The Life of the noble and Christian Prince, Charles the Great. 
Folio. " Explicit per William Caxton." 1485. 

A photograph of the colophon from the unique copy in the British Museum. 

122. The Knight Paris and the Fair Vienne. Folio. "Explicit per 
Caxton." Westminster, 1485. 

A photograph of the first page from the unique copy in the British Museum. 
One of the most rare of the 1 5th century novels. 

123. Voragine, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. With woodcuts. 
Second edition. "Fynyshed at Westmestre," in 1483, "By me 
Wyllyam Caxton." (Small type for the head-lines of the pages.) 
Large folio. (1487?) Lent from the University Library^ Cambridge. 

The heads of chapters and heads of pages are in Type 3 in Edition i, and in 
Type 5 in Edition 2. In all copies known of the second edition, sig. a — t and 
A — E are of the first edition, as if the remainder had been reprinted in conse- 
quence of the destruction of all the copies of this portion of the book. At the 
end of the second edition is the life of St. Erasmus, which is not in the first. 
The third edition (see No. 186) contains this life. 

124. Voragine, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. Second edition. 
A second copy. Lent by tJu Rev. J. F. Russell^ M. A. 

125. Voragine, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. Second edition. 
A third copy. Lent by Pembroke College, Cambridge. 

Books Printed in Type No. 5. 

126. Legrand, Jacques. The Book of Good Manners. "Explicit per 
Caxton." Without place. 1487. Folio. 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 
The last leaf. Only three copies are known. The work is a collection of 
moral and religious essays. 



€la00 Si.—€axton anli 3Det3elopment of tje Sivt. 19 

127. Legrand, Jacques. The Book of Good Manners. Folio. 1487. 
A second copy. Lent by Vie Archbishop of Canterbury. 

[128. MissALE ad usum Sanim. Folio. Paris, 1487. " Exaratum im- 
pensa optimi viri Guilleraii Caxton." 

Lent by W.J. Legh, Esq., M.P. 
This is not printed with Type No. 5, but having a direct and important 
bearing upon the typography of Caxton, is placed chronologically between the 
•' Book of Good Manners ' and ** Speculum. 

Caxton got a typographical brother of Paris, William Maynyal, to print this 
for him. In order to notify himself as Publisher, he had a Trade-mark cut, 
which appears here for the first time. It should also be noted that this interest- 
ing and unique book is the earliest impression known of the Salisbury Missal, 
being five years earlier than the celebrated Rouen edition of 1492, hitherto con- 
sidered the first.] 

129. BoNAVENTURE, St. Speculum vitae Christi. With woodcuts. 
First edition. " Emprynted by Wyllyam Caxton." Without place 
or date. Folio. (1487.) First page. 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 

130. DiRECTORiUM Sacerdotum, una cum Defensorio ejusdem; item 
Tractatus qui dicitur Crede mihi. First edition of the second ver- 
sion. Per William Caxton, apud Westmonesterium. Without 
date. Folio. (1487.) 

A photograph from the unique copy in the British Museum. 

131. HoRiE, ad usum Sarum. Without printer's name, place, or date. 
Third edition. (1488.) 

Facsimile by G. I. F. Tupper from a fragment in the British Museum. 

132. The Royal Book, or Book for a King. With woodcuts. Trans- 
lated by Caxton in 1484. Without printer's name, place, or date. 
Folio. (1488.) First page. lUnt by Earl Spencer. 

133. The Royal Book, or Book for a King. With woodcuts. Trans- 
lated by Caxton in 1484. Without printer's name, place, or date. 
Folio. (1488.) A second copy. Lent by G. £. Martin, Esq. 

134. The Royal Book, or Book for a King. With woodcuts. Trans- 
lated by Caxton in 1484. Without printer's name, place, or date. 
Folio. (1488.) A third copy. 

Lent from the Bedfordshire General Library. 

135. A Specimen of Caxton's own binding, being a cover from the pre- 
vious book. 

136. The Royal Book, or Book for a King. Folio. 1488. The last 
page. A fourth copy. Lent by W. Harrison, F. S. A. 



20 Cajcton Celebration. 

137. The Image of Pity. A quarto leaf printed on one side, with the 
Indulgence at foot in Caxton's type No. 5. (Westminster, 1489.) 

Lent from the University Library^ Cambridge. 

138. The Doctrinal of Sapience. "Caxtonme fieri fecit." Woodcuts. 
Without place or date. (1489.) Folio. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

Open at the unique final chapter. 

This was for a long time considered as the only copy on vellum issued by 
Caxton. A copy of the ** Speculum Vitoe Christi" has, however, been dis- 
covered, also on vellum, and was purchased a few years ago for the British 
Museum. This book is still unique in one particular : all the paper copies end 
on sig. h ; but this has three additional leaves on "The negligences happing 
in the Masse." It was presented to King George III. by Mr. Bryant, and did 
not accompany the Royal Library when made over to the nation by George IV, 
Not however till Bryant had reconsidered the price and consulted with old Pain, 
the bookbinder, did he venture to give four guineas for it. 

139. The Doctrinal of Sapience. Folio. (1489). First page. A second 
copy. Lent by Earl Speficer. 

140. The Doctrinal of Sapience. Folio. (1489.) A third copy. 

Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

141. BoNAVENTURE, St. Spcculum Vitae Christi. With woodcuts. 
" Emprynted by Wyllyam Caxton." Folio. Without place or date. 
(1490.) Second edition. Lent by Earl Beauchamp. 

This is an accurate reprint of the first edition, page for page, varying only 
in orthography and the arrangement of head-lines, &c. The first edition has 
for chapter in the head-lines the word "Ca," and the second edition the 
word "Capitulum," throughout the book. 

142. BoNAVENTURE, St. Spcculum Vitae Christi. Folio. (1490.) 
Second edition. A second copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

143. CoMMEMORATio Lamcntatiouis beatae Mariae. 4to. Without 
printer's name, place, or date. (Westminster, 1491.) 

Lent from the University Library^ Ghent. 

Unique. Discovered two years ago by Mr. Campbell, of the Royal Library, 
the Hague. 

144. Servitium de Transfiguratione Jhesu Christi. With woodcut. 
" Caxton me fieri fecit." Without place or date. 4to. (1491.) 

Facsimile by G. I. F. Tupper from the unique copy in the British Museum. 

145. HoRiE ad usum Sarum. 8vo. Third edition. (1491.) 

Facsimile by G. I. F. Tupper from the unique fragment in the British 
Museum. 



€U^0 0*— Canon anli SDctjelopment of tje 2lvu 21 

Books Printed in Type No. 6. 

146. Christine de Pisan. The Fayts of Arms and of Chivalry. Folio. 
" Per Caxton." 1489. Zenf by the Duke of Devonshire. 

First page. 

147. Christine de Pisan. The Fayts of Arms and of Chivalry. A 
second copy. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

First page of Epilogue. 

148. Christine de Pisan. The Fayts of Arms and of Chivalry. A 
third copy. Lent by the Earl of Jersey. 

Last page of the Epilogue. 

149. Christine de Pisan. The Fayts of Arms and of Chivalry. A 
fourth copy. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College^ London. 

150. Christine de Pisan. The Fayts of Arms and of Chivalry. A 
fifth copy. Lent by the University of Gottingen. 

151. Christine de Pisan. The Fayts of Arms and of Chivalry. A 
sixth copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

152. Statutes of Henry VII. Folio. Without printer's name, place, 
or date. (1489.) First page. Lent from Inner Temple Library. 

153. Statutes of Henry VII. A second copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Open at signature e j concerning the Conservancy of the Thames. 

154. Statutes of Henry VII. A third copy. 

Lent by the Marquis of Ailesbury. 
Last page. 

155. The Governayle of Helthe and the Medicina Stomachi. 4to. 
Without printer's name, place, or date. (1489.) 

A facsimile of page i taken from the copy in the possession of Earl Dysart, 
by G. L F. Tupper. 

156. The History of Reynard the Fox. Folio. Without printer's 
name, place, or date. Second edition. (1489.) 

First and last pages. — Photograph from the unique copy in the Pepysian 
Library, Cambridge. 

157. Blanchardin. The History of the victorious Prince Blanchardin, 
Son of the noble King of Fryse, and of Eglantine, the proud Lady 
in Love. Without printer's name, place, or date. Folio. [1489?] 
First page. Unique. Lent by Earl Spencer. 



22 Cajcton Celebration 

158. The History of the Four Sons of Aymon. Folio. Without 
printer's name, place, or date. (1489.) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Last page. Unique. 

159. DiRECTORiUM Sacerdotum, Una cum Defensorio ejusdem; item 
Tractatus qui dicitur Crede mihi. Second version of the second 
edition. " Impressum per Willelmum Caxton apud Westmoneste- 
rium prope London." Without date. Folio. (1489.) Unique. 

Lent from the Bodleian Library^ Oxford. 
The colophon on signature x 8. 

160. The Boke of Eneydos. Folio. Without printer's name, place, 
or date. (1490.) Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

First page. — "Translated by me William Caxton the xxii daye of Juyn the 
yere of our lorde M. iiii C Ixxxx." 

161. The Boke of Eneydos. A second copy. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

The colophon on last page. 

162. The Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers. Folio. Printer's 
name, place, and date, as in the first edition, but printed 
about 1490. Third edition. 

Lent by the Master and Fellows of St. John^s College^ Catnbridge. 
Prologue. 

163. The Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers. Folio. (1490.) 
Third edition. A second copy. 

Lent by the Rev. J. F. Russell^ M.A. 

First page of text. The Sayings of Sedechias. 

164. The Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers. Folio. Third edi- 

tion. (1490.) A third copy. Colophon. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

165. The Mirrour of the World. Folio. Place and date, reprinted 
from the first edition. Second edition. (1490.) First page. 

Lent by the Rev. J, F. Russell^ M.A. 

166. The Mirrour of the World. Folio. Second edition. (1490.) A 
second copy. Last page. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

167. The Mirrour of the World. Folio. Second edition. (1490.) A 
third copy. Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

168. The Mirrour of the Worid. Folio. Second edition. (1490.) A 
fourth copy. Lent by Birket Foster^ Esq. 

169. The Mirrour of the World. Folio. Second edition. (1490.) A 
fifth copy 

Lent by Baptist College^ Bristol., but exposed under next number. 



Cla00 Si.—€axton and SDetjelopment of tje Sivu 23 

170. The Fifteen Oes. 4to. " Printed by commandment of the Princess 
Elizabeth Queen of England and the Princess Margaret, Mother 
unto our sovereign lord the King, by their most humble subject 
and servant William Caxton." (1490.) A fragment. 

J^rom the Baptist College^ Bristol. 

171. The Fifteen Oes. Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

Facsimile from the imique copy in the British Museum. 

172. A Book of divers Ghostly Matters. 4to. " Wyllelmus Caxton." 
" Emprynted at Westmynstre." (1490.) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First page. 

173. The Festial. (Liber Festivalis.) Folio. " Caxton me fieri fecit." 
Without place or date. Second edition. (1491.) First page. 

Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

173*. The Festial. Folio. Second edition. (1491.) 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 

174. Four Sermons. (Quatuor Sermones.) Folio. Without printer's 
name, place, or date. (1491.) Second edition. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Last page. This edition was reprinted from the Oxford version and not from 

Caxton's first edition of the same book (see No. 208, post). Caxton's device 

is on the verso of sig. A 10. The second edition of the Festial is bound with it. 

175. The Art and Crafte to know well to die. Folio. Without printer's 
name, place, or date. (149 1.) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Colophon with date of translation, isthjune, 1490. 

176. Ars Moriendi. 4to. Without printer's name, place, or date. 
1491. Lent from the Bodleian Library. 

Unique. This is quite different from "The Art and Crafte to know well to die." 
No. 175. 

177. The Book of Courtesy. 4to. 1491. Second edition. 

Facsimile of unique fragment in the Bodleian Library. 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

178. The Chastising of God's Children. Folio. Without printer's 
name, place, or date. 1491. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First leaf. The earliest instance of a title-page in England. 

179. The Chastising of God's Children. Folio. 1491. A second copy. 

Lent by tfu President and Governors of Sion College, London. 
Last leaf. 



24 Cajcton Celebtatfon* 

1 80. The Chastising of God's Children. Folio. 1491. A third copy. 

Lent by the Duke of Deiwnshire. 

181. The Chastising of God's Children. Folio. 1491. A fourth copy. 

Lent from the University of Gottingen. 
Printed by Caxton's executors. 

182. The Life of St. Katherine of Senis and of St Elizabeth of Hungary. 
Without printer's name, place, or date. Folio. 1493. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First page. The type used is a re-cast of Caxton's No. 4*, with many new 

letters, and upon a smaller body. The large type is No. i of Wynken de 

Worde, to whom the printing should probably be ascribed. lias Caxton's 

device. 

183. The Life of St. Katherine of Senis. Folio. 1493. A second 
copy. Last page. I^nt by tJie Duke of Devonshire. 

i83*.The Life of St. Katherine of Senis. Folio. 1493. A third copy. 
Lent from the University Library^ Cambridge. 

184. A Treatise of Love. Folio. 1491? First page. 

L^nt by the Duke of Devonshire. 

185. A Treatise of Love. Folio. 1491. A second copy. Last 
page. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

186. Voragine, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. With woodcuts. 
Third edition. "Fynysshed at W^estmestre," in 1493, "By me 
Wyllyam Caxton." Folio. 1493. 

Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst, Esq. 
First page. This is doubtless from the press of Wynken de Worde. Caxton 
died in 1491. The type is the same as that used for St. Katherine. 

187. Voragine, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. Folio. 1493. A 
second copy. The colophon. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

188. Voragine, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. Folio. 1493. A 
third copy. Woodcut. Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. 

189. The Siege of Rhodes. Folio. Without printer's name, place, or 
date, but 1493-94. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First jjage. This is a typographical puzzle. The types are not the same as 
those of any known book, although some of the letters are identical with No. 4* 
of Caxton. The printing altogether is more rude than that of Caxton or Wynken 
de Worde, and suggests, but without any certainty, the Press of Machlinia. 

190. The Siege of Rhodes. A second copy. Last page. 

Lent by Constance^ Marchioness of Lothian. 



Cla00 £♦— Carton anti 2Detclopmcnt of tlje Sin. 25 



Section IV. 

BOOKS FROM THE PRESS OF COLARD MANSION AT BRUGES, 
AND FROM THE PRESSES OF ENGLISH PRINTERS CON- 
TEMPORARY WITH WILLIAM CAXTON, I475-I49i. 

Books Printed by Colard Mansion^ of Bruges, 



I 



MONG all Caxton's contemporaries there is no printer whose 
books show so close an affinity to his own as those of Colard 
Mansion — specimens of whose press are much more scarce and 
quite as valuable as Caxton's. 
Colard Mansion was a book-writer and illuminator of Bruges and a 
member of the Guild of St. John, of which he was " doyen " or dean for 
two years, 147 1. As Caxton supplied the English nobles with beautiful 
manuscripts he probably purchased some from Mansion. About 1474 
he began to print books in two rooms over the church porch of St. Do- 
natus ; and here it was that Caxton, anxious to multiply quickly copies of 
his newly translated " Recuyell of the Histories of Troye," learnt the 
art from Mansion, who made or procured the fount we call Caxton's No. 
I for the purpose. The technical peculiarities and habits of the two 
printers are identical, and an examination of the types from the two 
presses shows the hand of the same artist. It is worth noting also that 
the plan of casting a new fount of letter by using the old letters touched 
up with a graver as punches was common to both printers. Van Praet 
published in 1829 a " Notice sur Colard Mansion," since which time but 
little has been added to our knowledge of his press. Mansion had two 
founts of type only, the earlier evidently closely connected with Caxton's 
No. 2, and like that also with two distinct castings, the later a semi- 
roman character. Nothing is known of Mansion after 1484. During 
the ten years he was a printer he produced twenty works, some of them 
magnificent folios with large woodcut illustrations. 

191. CoNTROVERSiE de Noblcssc. Folio. (1475.) 

Facsimile of the first page. Type No. i. Supposed to be the second pro- 
duction of the Bruges Press. The types are unmistakably from the graver of the 
same artist who cut Caxton's No. 2. 

192. BoccACE du dechiet des nobles hommes et femmes. Folio. "Im- 
prim^ k Bruges par Colard Mansion. Anno M.cccclxxvi." 1476. 

Lent by the Marquis of Lothian. 
Type No. I. By the same hand that cut Caxton's type No. 2. 




26 Cajcton Celebratfom 

193. BoECE. Consolation de Philosophic. Printed by Colard Mansion. 
Bruges, 1477. Folio. 

Lent from the University Library^ Cambridge. 

194. OviDE. Les Metamorphoses. Long folio. Bruges, 1484. 

A facsimile of part of a page, showing the peculiar use of red ink, both red 
and black being printed at one pull of the press. This forms a connecting link 
with Caxton's Type No. 2. 



Section V. 
BOOKS PRINTED BY CAXTON'S CONTEMPORARIES. 

Books from the Oxford Press. 

F the printers contemporary with Caxton, Theod. Rood was 
both the earliest and the most important. Very little is known 
of him beyond the date of his commencement, 1478 ; his taking 
a partner, who was an Englishman named Hunte ; and the 
stoppage of the press in 1485. The works issued in these seven years 
were at least seventeen, of which Cotton mentions but ten. 

By Rood. 

L Expositio Symboli. 4to. 1478. 

ij. Aristotelis Ethica latine per Leonardum Aretinum. 4to. 1479. 

iij. ^gidius de peccato originali. 4to. 1479. 

iiij. Oratio pro T. Milone. 4to. 1480? 

V. Alex, de Ales. Expositio de Anima. First issue, without borders. Folio. 

1481. 
vj. Johannes Lattebury. Morales super Threnos Jeremiae. Folio. 1482. 
vij. Alex, de Ales. Expositio de Anima. Second issue, with borders. Folio. 

After 1482. 
viij. Johannes Lattebury. Morales super Threnos Jeremiae. Second issue, with 

borders. Folio. After 1482. 
viiij. Latin Grammar in English. 4to. 1482. 

x. Compendium totius grammaticae, with Vulgaria of Terence. 4to. 1483. 
xj. The same. Second edition. 1483-85. 

By Rood and Hunte. 

xij. Phalaradis Epistolae. 4to. 1485. 

xiij. Lyndewode, G. Constitutiones provinciales. Folio. 1483-85. 

jjijij. Ricardi de Hampole. Explanationes. 4to. 1483-85. 

XV. Liber Festivalis. Folio, i486. 

xvj. Textus Alexandri cum Sententiis. 4to. i486? (Fragment at St. John's, 

Cambridge. ) 
xvij. Swyneshed. Insolubilia. 4to. i486. 



Cla00 0.— Ca;cton anti SDetelopment of tje 2ivt. 27 

195. ExposiTio Sancti leronimi in Simbolum Apostolorum. Oxford, 
1468. 4to. Lent from All Souls College^ Oxford. 

First book printed at Oxford. The correct date is 1478. 

196. ExposiTio S. Jeronomi. 4to. Oxford, 1468. (1478.) 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
A second copy, the last page. 

197. Aristotelis Ethica latine per Leonardum Aretinum. 4to. 
Without printer's name. Oxford, 1479. ^^^ ^y ^^^l Spencer. 

198. -^GiDius de peccato originali. 4to. Without printer's name. 
Oxford, 1479. Lent from the Bodleian Library. 

198*. Cicero. Oratio pro T. Annio Milone. 4to. (Oxford, 1480?) 

Lent from the Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
Unique fragment. 

199. Alexander de Ales. Expositio super tres libros Aristotelis de 
Anima. Folio. Theod. Rood. Oxford. 1481. 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 
First edition. Without borders. 

200. Alexander de Ales. Expositio super tres libros Aristotelis de 
Animi. Folio. 1481. Fine edition. 

Lent from the Bodleian Library. 

201. Lattebury, Johannes. Moralizationes super Threnos Jeremiae. 
Folio. On vellum. No place. 1482. 

Lent from All Souls College, Oxford. 
First edition. Without woodcut round title-page. 

202. Alexander de Ales. Expositio super tres libros Aristotelis de 
Anima. Folio. Theod. Rood. Oxford. (After 1482.) 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 
Second edition. With borders. 

203. Lattebury, Johannes. Moralizationes super Threnos Jeremiae, 
Folio. (After 1482.) Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 

Second edition. With woodcut border. 

204. Lattebury, Johannes. Second edition. 

Lent from the Bodleian Library, Oxon, 

205. Anwykyll, John. Compendium totius grammaticae cum Vulgaria 
Terencii. 4to. 1483. First edition. 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 



28 Cajcton Celebration* 

206. Anwykyll, John. Compendium totius grammaticae. 4to. (1485.) 

Lent from tlie Bodleian Library. 

206*. Phalaridis Epistolae. 4to. 1485. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

207. Lyndewode, G. Constitutiones. Folio. 1483-85. 

Lent from All Souls College, Oxford. 

208. Liber Festivalis. Printed by Rood and Hunt at Oxford, i486. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

2o8*.The Chronicles of England. Folio. Lent by the Earl of Jersey. 



Books printed by the Schoolmaster of St. Albans. 

Nothing is known of this printer, who worked his press from 1480 to 
i486, and issued eight works. 

i. Fratris Laurentii Gulielmi de Saona rethorica nova. 4to. 1480. 

ij. Augustini Dacti elegancie. 4to. n. d. 

iij. Alberti liber modorum significandi. 4to. 1480. 

iv. Joannes Canonici in Aristotelis physica. Folio. 1481. 

V. Exempla sacre scripture. 4to. 1481. 

vj. Fructus Temporum ; or Saint Albans Chronicle. Folio. 1484-85. 

vij. The Book of Hawkyng and Huntyng. Folio, i486. 

viij. Antonii Andreae. Questiones super Logica. 4to. n. d. 

209. L. GuL. de Saona. Rhetorica nova. Abbey of St. Albans. 1480. 
4to. First page. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The earliest book with a date from this press. 

210. L. GuL. de Saona. Rhetorica nova. 1480. 4to. Second copy. 
Last page. Lent from tJie Bodleian Library, Oxford. 

211. Augustini Dacti elegancie. 4to. Last page. 

Lent from the University Library, Cambridge. 

212. Fructus Temporum ; The Saint Albans Chronicle. Folio. (1483.) 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

213. The Bokys of Hawkyng and Huntyng, and also of Coatarmuris. 
Compylet at St. Albans, i486. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The author was Juliana Barnes, Prioress of Sopwell Nunnery, situated near 
the Abbey of St. Albans. 



€la0^ Si,—€axtm anu 2Det)elopment of t|)e 2ivu 29 

Books from the Press of John Lettme, 1480-81 ; Lettou &* Machlinia^ 
and William de Machlinia^ 1 481-1485. 

At least twenty works issued from this press, which was the first set up 
in the city of London. 

By John Lettou. 

i. Questiones Antonii Andreae. Folio. 1480. 

ij. Expositiones super Psalterium. Folio. 1481. 

By Lettou and Machlinia. 

iij. Abridgment of the Statutes. Folio, s. a. 

iiij. Tenores Novelli. Folio, s. a. 

V. Year-book. 33, 35, and 36 Henry VI. Folio, s. a. 

By W. Machlinia. 

yj. Albertus magnus de secret is naturae. 4to. n. d. 

vij. Albertus magnus de secretis mulierum. 4to. n. d. 

viij. Tenores novelli. Folio, n. d. 

viiij. Nova Statuta. Folio, n. d. 

X. The revelation of the Monk of Evesham. 4to. n. d. 

xj. Promise of Matrimony. Folio, n. d. 

xij. Year-book, 34 Hen. VI. Folio, n. d. 

xiij. Year-book, 37 Hen. VI. Folio, n. d. 

xiiij. Statuta Ricardi tercii. Folio, n. d. 

XV. Speculum Xpristiani. 4to. n. d. 

xvj. A little book on the pestilence. 4to. n. d. 

xvij. Vulgaria Therencii. B'irst edition. 4to. n. d. 

xviij. The Chronicles of England. Folio, n. d. 

xviiij. A broadside. 

XX. Vulgaria Therencij. Second edition. 4to. n. d. 

214. Questiones Antonii Andrea. Folio. 1480. Lent from Sion College. 

215. Wallensis, Tho. Expositiones super Psalterium. Folio. 1481. 

Lent from the University Library^ Cambndge. 

216. Tenores Novelli. Folio. Lent by A. Hofwood^ Esq. 

217. Tenores Novelli. Folio. A second copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

218. Tenores Novelli. Folio. A third copy. 

Lentfrofn All Souls, Oxford. 

219. Nova Statuta. Folio. Lent from the Lnner Temple Library. 

220. Nova Statuta. Folio. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

221. Nova Statuta. Folio. Lent from All Souls College , Oxford. 

222. Nova Statuta. Folio. Lent from Sion College. 



30 Ca;cton Celebration. 

223. Nova Statuta. Folio. Lentby W.Avthurst Tyssen Amhurst^ Esq. 
2 23*. Year-books. 35 Henry VI. Folio. Lentby A. Horwood^Esq. 

224. Albertus Magnus de secretis mulienim. 4to. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

2 24*. Albertus Magnus de secretis naturae. 4to. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

225. Year Book. 37 Hen. VI. Folio. Lent by Lord Ailesbury. 

226. Statuta Ricardi tercii. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Why so many bibliographers should have attributed this book, and not others 
from the same press, to William Caxton, is not easily explained. 

227. Statuta Ricardi tercii. Folio. A second copy. 

Lent from the Lnner Temple Library. 

228. Speculum Xpristiani. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

This is the most interesting work from Machlinia's press, and gives many 
prayers and pieces of divine poetry in an English dress. 

229. Fructus Temponim, or the St. Albans Chronicle. Folio. 1484-85. 

Lent by the Marquis oj Lothian. 

230. Fructus Temponim, or the St. Albans Chronicle. Folio. 1484-85. 
A second copy. Lent by Earl Spencer. 



Section VI. 

BOOKS ILLUSTRATING THE PROGRESS OF PRINTING 

IN ENGLAND AFTER CAXTON'S DEATH. 

Westminster. 

|YNKYN de Worde, of Lorraine, was possibly one of Caxton's workmen at 
Bruges, and undoubtedly was employed in his office in Westminster, where 
he continued to print after his master's death until about 1500, when he 
moved into the Citv. From 1502 to 1534, the year of his death, his office 
was at the sign of the ** Sun, in the parish of St. Bride's, Fleet Street. He received 
the patent of King's printer, and in one of his colophons avows the protection afforded 
him by Margaret, Henry VH.'s mother. He was a citizen and stationer of London, 
and a meml^r of the Leathersellers' Company. He was his own type-founder, and 
more of a printer than a scholar. 

231. BoNAVENTURA. Spcculum vitcc Christi. Folio. Westmonasterii : 
W. de Worde, 1494. 




€la00 a.— Caj;ton anti SDetelopment of ttje Zvt. 3^ 

232. PoLiCHRONicoN, translated by John Trevisa. " Emprynted at 
Westmestre by Wynken de Worde, 1495." Folio. 

Zenf by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhursty Esq. 
This copy possesses the original very rare title-page. 

233. PoLYCHRONicoN. A sccond copy. 1495. Folio. 

Lent by the Earl of Jersey, 

234. Vitas Patrum. Westminster : Wynkyn de Worde, 1495. Folio. 

Lent by the Rev. J. F. Russell. 
Considered one of Wynkyn de Worde's most magnificent tyj>ographical pro- 
ductions. 

235. QuATUOR Sermones et Liber Festivalis. Wynkyn de Worde, 1496. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

236. Bartholomaeus de proprietatibus rerum. Wynken de Worde. 
Folio. Without place or date, but about 1495. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The most magnificent production of Wynkyn de Worde's press. 

First book printed on paper of English manufacture. The first paper mill 
was set up at Hertford in Henry VII. 's reign by John Tate. 

The colophon has direct reference to Caxton ; — 

And also of your charyte call to remembraunce 

The soule of William Caxton first prynter of this boke 

In laten tongue at Coleyn hymself to auance 

That every wel disposyd man may theron loke 

And John Tate the yonger Joye mote he broke 

Whiche late hathe in Englond doo make this paper th3mne 

That now in our englyssh this boke is prynted Inne. 

237. Bartholomaeus de proprietatibus rerum. A second copy. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College^ London. 

238. Dives and Pauper. " Westmensti ^ ^Wyken de Worde." 1496. 
Folio. Lent by Arcdeacon Harrison. 



London. 

239. Cronycle of Englonde and the Descrypcyon of Brytayne. Wyn- 
kyn de Worde, 1502. Folio. Lent by the Marquis of Ailesbury. 

240. The Boke of Good manners. Wynkyn de Worde, 1507. 4to. 
Woodcuts. Lent by the Rev. J. F. Russell. 

The only perfect copy known. 

241. Rycharde Cuer de Lyon. Wynkyn de Worde. 1509. 4to. First 
edition. L^nt by Earl Spender. 



32 Ca;cton Celebratfom 

242. The Floure of the comanndementes of god. " Enprynted at Lon- 

don in Flete strete at the sygne of the sonne by Wrynkyn de 
Worde." 15 10. Folio. Lent by Archdeacon Harrison. 

243. Nova legenda Anglise. London, " in domo Winandi de Worde," 
1 5 1 6. Lent by Earl Beauchamp. 

244. Fitzherbert's Grand Abridgement of the Laws. 3 vols. Folio. 
W. de Worde, 15 16. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

One of our most ancient and authentic legal records. 

245. Ortus Vocabuloru. " Impressus Lodoniis p Wynadu de Worde." 

15 1 1. 4to. Lent by the Earl of Jersey. 

246. The Orcharde of Sion. Imprinted at London in Flete Street at 
ye Sygne of the Sonne by me Wynkyn de Worde. 15 19. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 
An early instance of the composition of lines of type so as to make figures : 
in this case a Cross. 

247. The Rosary of Our Saviour Jesu. London : Wynkyn de Worde, 
1530. 4to. Lent by Archdeacon Harrison. 

248. CoMUNYCACYON bytwene god and man. Enprynted at London 
in Flete Strete at y^ sygne of ye Sonne by me Wynkyn de Worde. 
4to. Le7it by the Rev. J. F. Russell. 

Imperfect, wanting first leaf. No other copy known. 

249. Sermo in die Innocentium pro Episcopo Puerorum. Wynkyn de 
Worde. 4to. Lent by the Rev. J. F. Russell. 

Woodcut of the Crucifixion from Caxton's Fifteen Oes. 

250. Sermo exhortatorius cancellarii Ebor. Wynkyn de Worde. 
" Hunc sermone legi diligenter et lectu approbavi : et decrevi 
imprimi posse sine periculo — Joannes Colet." 

Lent by the Rev. J. F. Russell. 

251. The remors of Mannes Conscience. Wynken de Worde. London. 
No date. 4to. Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 



Richard Pynson, a Norman, was an early servant of Caxton's. He obtained the 
patent of King's printer to Henry VII. in 1503. His office was first at Temple Bar, 
and afterwards at the sign of the George, near St. Dunstan's, Fleet Street. He was 
the first typographical artist who introduced the Roman letter into England. 

252. BoCHAS. Pall of Princes. 1494. Pynson. Lent by Earl Spencer. 



Clajsfjaf ja.— Canon anti 2Detjelopment of tlie Sivu 33 

253. Dives and Pauper, Dyalogue of. That is to say, the riche and 
the pore fructuously tretyng upon the comandments. Emprynted 
at the Temple barre of london. 1493. Richarde Pynson. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First dated book printed by Pynson. 

255. Chaucer. Booke of the Tales of Cantyrburye. Richard Pynson. 
(1493-) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

256. Nova Statuta. Folio. Pynson, 1497. Lent by Earl of Leicester. 

257. Alexandri Liber Doctrinalis. Richardus Pynson, 1498. 

Lent by Earl Beauchamp. 

258. Promptorius Pueronim. Folio. 1499. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First English and Latin dictionary. 

259. Abridgement of Law in Norman French. R. Pynson, 1500. 

Lent by Sir C. Reed. 

261. Pace, Richard. Oratio in pace nuperime composita inter inuic- 
tissimum Angliae regem, et Francorum regem christianissimum. 
Londini: R. Pynson, 15 18. 4to. Lent by S. Christie-Miller^ Esq. 

The first book printed in England in Roman characters. 

262. MissALE ad usum Sarum. Pynson, 1520. On vellum. FoHo. 

Lent by E. Houstnan^ Esq. 

263. HenricusVIIL Assertio septem Sacramentorum adversus Martin. 
Lutherum. Pynson, 15 21. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

264. Froyssart's Cronycle. " Translated out of Frenche into maternal 
English, by Ihon Bourchier Knight Lord Berners." London, 
FleteStrete: Richard Pynson, 1525. Folio. 

Lent by Birket Foster, Esq. 

265. Bull of Pope Leo X. Richard Pynson. Folio. 

Lent by the Rev. J. F. Russell. 

266. Petronylla. Richard Pynson. 4to. 

Lent by the Rev. J. F. Russell. 
A metrical legend of greatest rarity. 

267. Tenures de Lytylton. Richard Pynson. 

Lent by the Earl of Leicester, 

268. Natura Brevium. Richarde Pynson. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 



34 Cajcton Celebration* 

269. FABYAN*sCronycle. Prentyd at London. Wyllyam Rastell, 1533. 

Lent by H, White, Esq. 

269*.Chrysostome, Saint. Homiliae Suae. Grsec^ et Latin^. Londini, 
apud Reynerum Vuolfium. 1543. 4to. 

The first book printed in Greek in England. 

270. CoMPENDiosA Anatomic delineatio. Imprinted at London within 
the blacke fryars by Thomas Gemini, 1559. 

Lent by Messrs. S. 6^ B. Nock. 

271. The Cosmographical Glasse. Compiled by William Cuningham, 
Doctor in Physicke. John Daye, 1559. 

Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst, Esq. 

272. Foxe's Book of Martyrs. John Daye, 1563. First edition. 

Lent by W, Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst, Esq. 

273. Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande faithfully gathered 
and set forth by Raphael Holinshed. London, 1577. 2 vols. 
First edition. (Vol. 2 in Class D.) Lent by H. White, Esq. 

274. The vertusse boke of Distyllacion of the waters of all maner of 
Herbes by Master Iherom bruynswyke. London : Laurens 
Andrewe, 1527. Folio. Lent by Archdeacon Harrison. 

275. Myrrour of the Worlde. Enprynted by Laurence Andrewe. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

276. Iherome of Bruynwyke warke of Surgeri translated out of Duche 
into Englisshe. Petrus Treuris, 1525. 

Lent by Messrs. S. 6^ B. Nock. 
First medical work illustratid with woodcuts printed in England. Petrus 
Treveris was the first printer in Southwark. 

277. Ane Admonition direct to the trew Lordis maintenaris of the 
Kingis Graces Authoritie M. G. B. [Buchanan] Imprinted at 
London by John Daye, accordying to the Scotish copies Printed 
at Strivelyng by Robert Lekpriuck, Anno Do. MD.LXXI. 1 2mo. 

Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 

Tavistock. 

The monks of the Benedictine Abbey of Tavistock possessed a printing-press in the 
early part of the sixteenth century. Only two books from their press are extant. 

278. BoETHius. The Boke of comfort called in laten Boetius de 
Consolatione philosophic. " Enprented in the exempt monastery 
of Tavestock in Denshyre. By me Dan Thomas Rychard, monk 
of the say d Monastery." 1525. 4to. 

Lent by S. Christie-Miller, Esq. 



Cla0ja( Sl.—€axtm anti 3Det3elopment of tlie Sin. 35 



Ipswich. 

Anthony Scolsker, John Overton, and John Oswen were the first printers. They 
left Ipswich together. Oswen went to Worcester where he carried on business for 
some time. 

279. DoMESTYCAL OF Houschold Scrmons for a godley householder to 
his children and family now first translatd out of Latin into 
Englyshe by Henry Reginalde. Printed by John Oswen. 

Zen^ by R. W. Binns^ Esq, 
The first part was printed at Ipswich in 1548, and the second at Worcester 
in 1549. 



Worcester. 

The art of printing was practised in this city from 1548 to 1553 by John Oswen, a 
printer from Ipswich. Most of his works were of a religious character. 

280. Godly saiyings of the old auncient faithful fathers upon the Sacra- 
ment of the Bodye and bloude of Chryste. Translated oute of 
Latin by Ihon Veron Sennoys. Worcester : Ihon Oswen, 1550. 

Lent by Earl Beauchamp. 



Norwich. 

Anthony de Solempne, one of the strangers from the Low Countries who lyere 
encouraged to settle in England by Queen Elizabeth, introduced the art of printing 
here about 1568. His productions are extreniely rare. After his death no printer 
appeared at Norwich until 1702. 

281. Belijdenisse endeeenvoudige wtlegginge des waerachtigengheloofs 
.... in Switzerlant, 1561. Gheprint tot Nordwitz by Antonium 
de Solemne. Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst, Esq, 

282. B. CoRNELis Adriaenssen Sermoenen, 1578. Noirdwitz. 

Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst^ Esq. 

283. Chronyc-Historie der Nederlandtscher Oorlogen. Gedruct tot 
Noortwitz, 1579. Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen Amhurst^ Esq. 




36 Cartoa Celebration* 

Section VII. 

BOOKS PRINTED IN SCOTLAND. 

I HE first printing press in Scotland was introduced under the 
patronage of King James IV. by a grant of exclusive privileges 
in favour of Walter Chepman and Andrew Myllar, burgesses of 
Edinburgh, signed under the Privy Seal at Edinburgh, 15 th Sej> 
tember, 1507. 

The British Museum acquired from a sale at Paris in 1869, a unique 
copy of " Expositio Sequentiarum," printed at Rouen, at the expense of 
Andro Myllar, bookseller, in Edinburgh (with his device), in the year 
1506. Small 4to. 

284. The Maying or Disport of Chaucer. " Impretit in the south 
gait of Edinburgh be Walter chepman and Androw myllar the 
fourth day of apile the yhere of god .M.CCCCC. and viii. 
yheris." 4to. Unique. 

Lent by the Faatlty of Advocates^ Edinburgh. 

The earliest book known to have been printed in Scotland. It has on the 
last page Myllar's device, representing a windmill with a miller ascending the 
outside ladder, and carrying a sack of grain upon his back. 

The following unique pieces are bound in the same volume with the above 
poem : — 

The Knightly Tale of Golagros and Gawane, 1508. 

The Porteous of Noblenes, 1 508. 

The Tale of Syr Eglamoure of Artoys. 

The Goldyn Targe, by William Dunbar. 

Ane Buke of Gud Counsale to the King. 

The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedie. 

The Traitie of Orpheus and Erudices, by Robert Henryson. 

The Ballade of Lord Barnard Stewart, by William Dunbar. 

The Tretis of the tua Marrit Women and the Wedo, by William Dunbar. 

A Gest of Robyn Hode. 

Excepting the last two tracts, all the above are from the press of Chepman 
and Myllar. 

285. Breuiarii Aberdonensis ad per Celebris ecclesie Scotorum potissi- 
mum vsum et consuetudinem Pars hyemalis (et Pars aestivalis). 
Edinburgh: Walter Chepman, 15 10. 8vo. 2 tom. 

Lent by the University of Edinburgh. 



€W& Si,—€axton anti ^tMopmtnt of t^e Situ 37 

286. The Hystory and Croniklis of Scotland, be Maister Hector Boece. 
Translatit be Maister Johne Bellenden. Imprinted in Edinburgh 
by Thomas Davidson, [1536.] FoUo. 

Lent by the University of Edinburgh. 

This copy is printed on vellum. 



287. The Hystory and Croniklis of Scotland. [1536.] Folio. Another 
copy, on paper. Lent by the Faculty of Advocates^ Edinburgh. 

288. The New Actis and Constitutionis of Parliament, 1540. Edin- 
burgh : Thomas Davidson, [1542]. FoHo. 

Lent by the Faculty of Advocates ^ Edinburgh. 

Unique. Printed on vellum. 

289. Ane Dialog betuix Experience and ane Courteour, Off the 
Miserabyll Estait of the Warld. Compylit be Schir Dauid Lynde- 
say of ye Mont. Imprinted at Copmanhouin, [1558.] 4to. 

Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 

This is the second issue, evidently printed by John Scot either at Edinbui^h 
or St. Andrew's. 



290. Ane Dialog betuix Experience and ane Courteour. " Imprentit 
at the command, and expenses of Maister Sammuel lascuy, in 
Paris, 1558." 8vo. Lent by L>. Laing, Esq. 

Some leaves supplied in facsimile. 

291. The Protestant Confession. The Confessione of the fayth 
and doctri^ beleued and professed by the Protestantes of the 
Realme of Scotland exhibited to the estates of the sam in parlia- 
ment and by thare publict notes authorised as a doctrin grounded 
vpon the infallable wourd of God. Imprinted at Edinburgh, be 
Robert Lekprewik. Cum priuilegio. 1561. 8vo. 

Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

The copy now exhibited appears to be the original edition, and one of those 
which Knox in a letter to Mrs. Anna Ix)ck, dated October 2, 1561, says : — 
"I sent to you, and to some others, the Confession of our Faith, in quairs, 
unbound, If they came to your hands I cannot tell bot now it is no mater. I 
perceaved they are printed with you againe." The English edition mentioned 
by Knox was printed at London for Rowland Hall, 1561. A copy is in the 
Grenville Collection, British Museum. There is also an edition printed at 
Edinburgh, by John Scot, 1561. 4to. 



38 Carton Celebration 

292. The Acts and Constitutiounis of the Parliaments of Scotland. 
Edinburgh: Robert Lekpreuik, 1566. Folio. 

Lent by the Faculty of Advocates^ Edinburgh. 
The first edition of the Black Acts. 

293. The Acts and Constitutiounis of the Parliaments of Scotland, 
Edinburgh, 1566. Folio. Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

The second issue, dated November, 1 566, containing additional leaves sup- 
plying those that were cancelled in the first impression. 

294. FoiRM nomuidhadh. The Book of Common Order, commonly 
called Knox's Liturgy, translated into Gaelic by John Carsewell, 
Bishop of the Isles in 1567. Robert Lekpreuik, Edinburgh, 1567. 
8vo. Lent by the University of Edinburgh. 

The first book printed in Gaelic. This copy begins on fol. 2, containing 
the Dedication to Archibald, Earl of Ar^ll. 

295. Heir beginnis ane treatise callit the Palice of Honour compylit 
be M. Gawane Dowglas, Bischop of Dunkeld. Imprentit at 
Edinburgh be Johne Ros for Henrie Charteris. 1579. 4to. 

Lent by the University of Edinburgh. 

296. Rerum Scoticarum Historia auctore Georgio Buchanano Scoto. 
Edinburgi Apud Alexandrum Arbuthnetum Typographum Regium. 
Anno 1582. Folio. Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 

297. The History of the Reformatioun of Religioun within the 
realme of Scotland. London, 1586. Svo, 

Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 
The original edition, printed at London by Thomas Vautrollier, and seized 
whilst at press and suppressed by order of Archbishop Whitgift, in February, 
1586-7, before the work was completed. Every printed copy preserved com- 
mences with page 17 and breaks off" with page 560. In this copy the missing 
leaves are supplied in a contemporary hand. 

298. The King's Confession. The Confession of Faith, subscrived by 
the Kingis Maiestie and his Hous-hold : togither with the copie 
of the Generall Band and Act of secreit counsaill. At Edinburgh. 
Printed by Robert Waldegrave. Anno Dom. 1590. 4to. 

Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

299. The Lawes and Actes of Parliament maid be the Kings of Scotland : 
visied, collected, and extracted be Sir John Skene. Edinburgh, 
printed by Robert Waldegraf. Folio. 1597. 

Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 
With the engraved title containing portraits of the Kings, &c. 



Cla00 2i.—€axton and 2Det)elopment of t^z Situ 39 

300. The Muses Welcome to the High and Mightie Prince James, &c. 
at his all happie returne to his old and native Kingdome of Scot- 
land, anno 1617. Edinburgh, printed by Thomas Finlason, 16 18. 
Folio. Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

301. Christ's Testaments Unfolded, or Seven Godlie Sermons, by 
Mr. Archibald Symson. Printed at Edinburgh by Edward Raban, 
1620. i2mo. Lent by D, Laingy Esq, 

302. Flowres of Sion by William Drummond of Havvthorne-denne. 
To which is adjoyned his Cypresse Groue. Edinburgh : John 
Hart, 1630. Folio. Lent by the University of Edinburgh, 
'• Giuen to King James His Colledge in Eden-bourgh by the Author, 1630." 

303. John Calvin's Catechisme. Edinburgh: John Wreittoun, 163 1. 
The same translated into Gaelic, also printed at Edinburgh, 1631. 
In one volume. 1 2mo. L^nt by D. Laing^ Esq, 

304. The Psalms in Prose and Metre. Edinburgh, 1634. 8vo. 

L^nt by D. Laing^ Esq. 
This copy has the title-page of the edition of 1640. 

305. The Laws and Acts of Parliament, made by the Kings and 
Queens of Scotland, collected by Sir Thomas Murray of Glendook. 
Folio. Edinburgh, 1681. Large paper copy. 

Lent by D. Lxiing^ Esq. 

306. Dryden, John. The Hind and the Panther. A Poem. Holy- 
rood-House. Reprinted by James Watson, Printer to His Most 
Excellent Majesties Royal Family and Household. 1687. 4to. 

I^ent by D, Laing^ Esq. 

307. Britannia Rediviva : A Poem on the Birth of the Prince. 
Written by Mr. Dryden. Holy-rood-House. Reprinted by Mr. 
P. B. Enginier, printer to the King's most excellent Majesty, for 
His Household, Chappel, and Colledge. 1688. 4to. 

L^nt by D, Laing^ Esq. 

308. Theses Philosophlcae, for the year 1698. A broadside printed 
on satin, with ornamented borders, presented to the Lord 
Provost of Edinburgh, Sir Archibald Mure of Thornton, on 
occasion of the graduation of the Students, July, 1698. 

L^nt by D. Laing^ Esq. 



40 Cajcton Celebration. 

309. The Confession of Faith, Larger and Shorter Catechisms, &c., 
translated into the Irish Language by the Synod of Argyle. 
Edinburgh, 1725. i2mo. Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

310. ViRGiLii Opera. Edinburgh, 1743. i2mo. 

Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 
This is called the Immaculate Edition. 

311. The Dances of Death, &c, by John Holbein. Etched by David 
Deuchar, seal engraver. Edinburgh, 1788. 4to. 

Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 
The original impressions with the borders. 

312. The Tale of Golagrus and other Ancient Poems. The reprint of 
the original editions printed by William Chepman and Androw 
Myllar, at Edinburgh, 1508, reprinted 1827. 4to. 

Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 

SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL TYPOGRAPHY. 

313. The Catechisme, That is to say, ane comone and catholik in- 
structioun of the Christin People in Materis of our catholik faith 
and religioun quhilk na gud Christin man or woman suld mis- 
knaw : set furth be the maist reverend father in God, Johne 
Archbischop of Sanct Androus, Legatnait and Primat of the Kirk 
of Scotland, in his prouincial Counsale haldin at Edinburgh the 
XXVI day of Juanuarie, the zeir of our Lord 1551. Printed at 
St. Andrews, 1552. 4to. Lent by the University of Edinburgh. 

314. In Dominicam Orationem pia Meditatio : Auctore Patricio Coc- 
bumo Scoto. Printed at St. Andrews by John Scot, 1555. 
8vo. Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

315. Ane Detectioun of the Doingis of Marie Queue of Scottis. 
Imprentit at Sanctandrois be Robert Lekpreuik, 1572. 8vo. 

Lent by the Faculty of Advocates^ Edinburgh. 

316. Michaelson, John. The Lawfulnes of Kneeling in the Act of 
receiuing the Sacrament of the Lordes Supper. Printed by Ed- 
ward Raban, Printer to the Vniversitie of Sainct-Andrewes, 1620. 
8vo. Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 

317. Baron, Robert. Philosophia Theologiae Ancillans. Andreapoli 
(St. Andrews), 162 1. i2mo. Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 



ClajijS ^♦— Ca;ctoti anti JDetjelopment of t^e ^rt. 41 

3 1 8. JoANNis Ludovici Vivis Ad Sapientiam Introductio. Aberdoniae : 
Excudebat Eduardus Rabanus, 1623. i2mo. 

Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

319. Canons and Constitutions Ecclesiasticall, Gathered and put in 
forme, for the Governament of the Church of Scotland. Aber-- 
dene, Imprinted by Edward Raban, dwelling upon the Market- 
place, at the Armes of the Citie, 1636. Lent by D. JMtng^ Esq. 

Dr. Juxon, Bishop of London, in a letter to Maxwell, Bishop of Ross, says : 
** I receaved yo"" Book of Canons, which perchance at first will make more noise 
then all the Canons in Edinburgh Castle, but when men's eares have beene used 
awhile to the sound of them, they will not startle so much at it, as now at first." 
(Baillie's ** Letters and Journals," Vol. I. p. 438.) 

320. Common Psalm Tunes. Aberdeen, 1666. Obi. 4to. Unique. 

Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 
This work probably never had a title-page. 

321. The Aberdeen Cantus. "Songs and Fancies, to three, four, or 
fiue Parts, both apt for voices and viols. With a brief 
Introduction to musick, as is taught by Thomas Davidson, in the 
Musick-School of Aberdene." Second edition. Aberdene, printed 
by John Forbes. 1666. Obi. 4to. Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

The first edition was printed at Aberdeen by Forbes in 1662. A full account 
of the editions is given in the Introduction to Johnson's "Scots Musical 
Museum." New edition with notes. Edinburgh, 1853. Vol. I. pp. xxxiv-xl. 

322. The same. The third edition. Aberdeen: printed by John 
Forbes, 1682. Obi. 4to. Lent by D. Lxiing^ Esq. 

323. Taylor, J. Verbum sempiternum. Aberdene : John Forbes, 
1670. 64mo. 

Taylor, J. Salvator Mundi. Aberdene : John Forbes, 1670. 
64mo. Lent by A. Gardyner, Esq. 

These epitomes in verse of the Old and New Testaments are bound together 
and known as the Thumb Bible. 

324. The Protestation of the Generall Assemblie of the Church of 
Scotland, &c. November, 1638. Printed at Glasgow by George 
Anderson, in the yeare of grace 1638. 4to. 

Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 
This tract appears to have been the earliest specimen of printing in Glasgow. 

325. Row, John. Hebraeae Linguae Institutiones compendiosissimae, & 
facillimae. Glasguae, Excudebat Georgius Andersonus, Anno partus 
Salutiferi, 1644. Xi;uaj Hebraica : seu Vocabularium. Glasguae, 
Excudebat Georgius Andersonus, Anno Christogonias, 1644. 
1 2mo. Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

Two of the earliest works printed in Scotland containing Hebrew charac- 
ters. Bound in one volume. 



42 €axton Celebratfom 

326. Dickson, David, D.D. Explicatio Analytica omnium Apos- 
tolicarum Epistolarura. Glasguae, exc. Geo. Andersonus. 1645. 
4to. Zeni by D. Laing^ Esq. 

327. HoRATius. Glasguae, 1744. i2mo. Lent by D, Laing^ Esq. 

This is called the Immaculate Edition. 

328. EniKTHTOY ErxEiPiAioN. (Epictcti Enchiridion, Graece.) Glasguae : 
R. Foulis, 1748. i2mo. Lent by D. Laing^ Esq, 

Printed on vellum. 

329. HoMERi Ilias, &c., Graece. R. and A. Foulis. Glasguae, 1756-58. 
Folio. Large paper. 

Lent from the Signet Library^ Edinburgh. 

330. Ramsay's Gentle Shepherd. Glasgow: Foulis, 1788. 4to. 

Le?it by D. Laing, Esq, 
One of the earliest illustrated books published in Scotland. Plates by 
David Allan. 

331. Burns, Robert. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect. First 
edition. Kilmarnock, 1786. 8vo. Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 

332. Thomson's Seasons. Perth, 1793. 4to. 

Lent from the Signet Library^ Edinburgh. 
With engravings. The first edition printed in Scotland. 



BOOKS WITH FICTITIOUS IMPRINTS, BUT APPARENTLY 
NOT PRINTED IN SCaTLAND. 

333. De furoribus Gallicis, &c. vera & simplex Narratio, ab Ernesto 
Varamundo Frisio Auctore. Edinburgi, anno salutis humanae, 
1573. 4to. Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 

334. The same, translated under the title : — "A true and plaine report 
of the furious outrages of Fraunce, &c. By Ernest Varamund, at 
Striveling 1573." i2mo. Lent from the Signet Library ^ Edinburgh. 



Cla00 2i.—€axton and 3Det)elopmeitt of tfje Sivu 43 

335. Le Reveille-matin des Frangois & de leur Voissins. Compose 
par Eusebe Philadelphe Cosmopolite, en forme de dialogues. 
A Edimbourg de rimprimerie de Jaques James, avec permission. 
1574. 8vo. Zenf by D. Laingy Esq. 

336. ViNDiciiE contra Tyrannos : Stephano Junio Bruto Celta [/>., 
Hubert Languet] auctore. Edinburgi, 1579. 8vo. 

Lent by D. Laingy Esq, 




Class B. 

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ART OF PRINTING 

IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES. 




|HE principle of the Art of Printing was not altogether 
unknown to the ancients. The Babylonian bricks brought 
to this country are stamped with various characters, and 
there is evidence to prove that the ancient Romans made 
use of stamps, with which they marked their articles of 
luxury and use, and branded their cattle. Landseer 
observes in his " Lectures on the Art of Engraving," " Had the modern 
art of making paper been known to the ancients, we had probably never 
heard of Fust and Finiguerra, for with the same kinds of stamps which 
the Romans used for their pottery and packages, books might have 
been printed." 

We must, however, turn our eyes further eastward in order to dis- 
cover the first indications of the earliest form of printing, namely, of 
transferring impressions from wooden blocks to paper. 
. The Chinese, it is believed, were the first nation who practised this 
art, many years before the commencement of the Christian era, the 
complicated nature of their written language rendering any other mode 
of printing impracticable. 

It is not unreasonable to suppose that the Venetians, from their early 
intercourse with that nation, acquired a knowledge of the art from them, 
which they introduced into Europe, and that in the course of time the 
artists of Germany, Holland, and other parts found out their secret, and 
practised it themselves. 

A Decree of the Venetian Government of 1441, prohibiting the im- 
portation " of any work that is printed or painted on cloth or on paper, 



Cla00 S.— 3Detjelopment in JForeiffii €onntvit9i* 45 

that is to say, altar-pieces, or images, and playing-cards," the art and 
mystery of making which had fallen into decay, in consequence of 
the quantity made out of Venice, shows that not only in that city, but 
in other parts of Europe, the art of printing was known many years 
before impressions were produced by means of moveable metal type. 

It would appear, from the mention of the word, " Kartenmacher," in 
the records of the city of Augsburg of 1418, and o5 Nuremberg of 1433 
and 1438, that the Germans more especially practised the art, and ac- 
cording to an ancient Chronicle found by Heinecken at Ulm, playing- 
cards used to be sent to Italy, in return for spices and other merchandise. 

It is generally acknowledged that playing-cards were printed in the 
fourteenth century, and the celebrated " St. Christopher" in the Althorp 
Library proves that "images" of the Saints from wooden blocks appeared 
at least as early as 1423. 

The first Block Prints, consisting of illustrations with a few words of 
text, were not produced by means of a press. The impression was taken 
off by rubbing the back of the paper which had been laid upon the 
surface of the block. Possibly the wood may not have been considered 
hard enough to bear great pressure. 

The next step towards the development of the art consisted in illus- 
trating the prints with such an amount of text as to render them instruc- 
tive. Two leaves, each bearing an impression only on one side, were 
pasted together so as to form two pages, and the whole were collected 
in a book of portable form. 

These Block Books were for the most part of a sacred character, and 
in an age when manuscripts were rare and great ignorance prevailed, 
they must in no small degree have helped to advance the cause of Re- 
ligion and Education. 

Perhaps the " Biblia Pauperum," although not one of the earliest, was 
one of the most popular as it is one of the most interesting of these 
xylographic productions. It contains a short abstract of the Bible, illus- 
trated in a remarkable manner by designs of the chief stories of the Old 
and New Testament. 

The " Ars Memorandi," a memoria technica of the Four Gospels, 
although rude in execution, gives an idea of the character of some of the 
religious instruction afforded in the fifteenth century. 

In the " Kunst Ciromantia," we have an early example of the use of 
the press, the leaves having woodcuts and text printed on each side. 

The great expense attending the process of printing from blocks led 
to a further development of the art. Experiments may have been made 
with wooden moveable type, but of this there is no distinct evidence, 
and the want of some more durable substance which would produce a 
more defined impression than wood, was likely to be felt. 

We now arrive at that period in the history of the Art of Printing in 



46 Carton Celebration* 

which the central figure is Johann Gutenberg, that great genius to whose 
mind it is not unlikely that the Invention of Printing with moveable 
metal types may have suggested itself, without the intervention of Play- 
ing Cards, Images of the Saints, or Block Books. 

About the year 1436 there was residing in the city of Strasburg one 
Johann Gensfleisch, surnamed Zum Gutenberg, a native of Mentz, who 
was engaged in certain mysterious arts, the secrets of which he commu- 
nicated to two associates. The records of a law-suit which arose on 
the death of one of his partners, show that the mystery which they had 
in hand was the art of taking impressions by means of moveable type. 
As far as we know at present their efforts had, possibly for want of 
funds, been unattended with success. And we next hear of Gutenberg, 
about 1450, in his native town, entering into partnership with Johann 
Fust, who agreed to advance him the money necessary for carrying 
on his typographical experiments. According to Bernard, in his ad- 
mirable work on the " History of the Invention of Printing," Gutenberg 
had already, whilst at Strasburg, conceived the idea of casting the 
type of his letters in iron moulds, which were provided with inner 
matrices of lead, in which the letters had been struck with a wooden 
punch. He was now enabled still further to perfect this invention by 
cutting each letter on a piece of steel which formed a punch. This he 
struck into a matrix of copper, which formed the bottom of the mould in 
which the type was cast. By this process he was enabled to ensure a 
greater uniformity and sharpness of letter, and to produce a type re- 
sembling the manuscripts which the press in its infancy, it is supposed, 
was intended to reproduce. This supposition is strengthened by the fact 
that in the earliest impressions there is no colophon to indicate that they 
were produced by means of the printing press, whereas in the first dated 
printed book, the Mentz Psalter of 1457, it is expressly stated in the 
subscription that it was not the work of a scribe. 

The Letter of Indulgence of Nicolas V. of 1454 was, no doubt, one 
of the first productions of the Gutenberg-Fust Press — at all events it is 
the earliest known specimen of the impression of moveable metal type 
with a date subjoined. But the first important work executed by them 
was the " Mentz Bible without date," — more commonly known as the 
" Mazarin Bible," from the name of the Cardinal in whose library a copy 
of it was first discovered, and which must have appeared about 1455. 
Of this book a copy is to be seen in the National Library at Paris, con- 
taining a memorandum of one Cremer, to the effect that it had been 
illuminated and bound by him in 1456. 

The costliness of this undertaking led to a law-suit, by which Gutenberg 
was condemned to give up all his printing materials to Fust, being unable 
to repay the money he had advanced him. By the help of Conrad 
Humery, syndic of Mentz, however, Gutenberg started another press in 



Cla00 2B.— 3Detjelopment in iforefgn Countrfe^. 47 

1456, which he continued to work until his appointment to the house- 
hold of Adolphus, Duke of Nassau, in 1465. There is strong evidence to 
prove that the " Catholicon " of 1460 was one of his productions. The 
death of this illustrious man occurred in 1468, and whatever doubts may 
have been entertained at one time as to his having been the Inventor of 
the Art of Printing with moveable metal type, it must be stated that the 
rival claims set up for Coster of Haarlem are now generally abandoned by 
the best instructed of his fellow-countrymen. 

To return to Mentz. Fust, on the dissolution of partnership between 
himself and Gutenberg, associated with himself one of his workmen, 
Peter Schoeffer, to whom the honour belongs of having been the first to 
introduce into typography Capital Illuminated Letters, which for beauty 
of execution and gracefulness of design are unrivalled even at the present 
day. In 1457 they produced the "Mentz Psalter," the most ancient 
printed book known with a date, and one of the grandest specimens of 
the typographic art. In 1462 they gave to the world the first Bible printed 
with a date, and in a type entirely different from that of the year 1455. 
According to Fabricius, copies of this celebrated impression, some of 
which are without subscription, were sold at Paris for sixty crowns, and 
from the number disposed of, they were supposed to have been printed 
by magic 

Notwithstanding the precautions which had hitherto been taken to 
preserve the secret of the new invention, Albert Pfister, formerly em- 
ployed in Gutenberg's office, had succeeded in establishing a press at 
Bamberg, and in printing a Bible there not later than the year 1460 ; and 
the discovery at Freiburg, in Breisgau, of a copy of the " Biblia Latina" by 
Mentelin, in two volumes, with the respective dates of 1460 and 1461 
affixed by the illuminator, conclusively proves that in the city of Stras- 
burg the printing press was at work at a period almost as early. 

Had it not, however, been for the capture of Mentz by Adolphus of 
Nassau in the following year, an event which dispersed so many of 
Gutenberg's and Fust's workmen, the development of the art of typo- 
graphy throughout the world might have been deferred for an indefinite 
period. At Cologne, Ulric Zel commenced printing in 1466, and Augs- 
burg acquired a knowledge of the art from Gunther 2^iner. At Nurem- 
berg, where Koberger acquired the name of " Librariorum Princeps," 
Sensenschmidt, one of its citizens, was the first to print in 1470. 

In Italy Arnold Pannartz and Conrad Sweynheym found a refuge at 
Subiaco, where they printed three, if not four works. In 1467, they 
were induced by the Massimi family to establish a press in their house 
at Rome. Up to the year 1474, when Sweynheym, wishing to devote 
himself to copper engraving, retired from partnership, it is said they pro- 
duced 1 2,000 volumes, a supply which exceeded the demand, as appears 
from a petition addressed to Pope Sixtus IV. by the Bishop of Aleria, 
one of their wannest patrons. 



48 Cajcton Celebration^ 

In 1469, Philip de Lavagna had introduced printing at Milan, which 
rendered itself remarkable in the annals of typography as having 
produced the first book printed in the Greek language, the " Lascaris 
Grammar" of 1476, and also the earUest impression extant of any part 
of sacred writ in the Greek tongue ; the Psalter, namely, of 148 1. 

In the same year at Venice, John of Spire divulged the secrets of the 
typographical art, which the Aldi subsequently developed to a degree 
of perfection not to be surpassed at the present day. In this city, Jenson, 
formerly Master of the Mint at Tours, made himself celebrated by the 
beauty of his type and the number of his productions. To Aldus 
Pius Manucius, the head of that great family of printers which were in 
Italy what the Stephenses were in later years in France, the honour is due 
of having made the first attempt at the production of cheaper and more 
portable books, by the introduction of the Aldine or Italic type. He has left 
behind him the reputation of having been a learned scholar, as well as 
one of the greatest printers on record, and the formation of an " Aldine 
Academy " over which he presided, and to which Erasmus and most of 
the learned men of the day belonged, testifies to the high estimation in 
which he was held by his contemporaries. 

Whilst printing was thus proceeding with such rapidity at Rome, 
Milan, and Venice, a corresponding activity was manifesting itself in 
other towns of Italy. The Florentine Press, afterwards celebrated for 
the productions of the Giuntas, was being inaugurated by the goldsmith 
Cennino, in the year 147 1, and at the same time, Sixtus Riessinger, a 
priest from Strasburg, was printing the first book published at Naples, 
where his fellow-countryman, Matthias Moravus, was soon to attain the 
highest reputation for the beauty of his works. 

But, in considering the rapid progress of the typographical art within 
fifty years of its invention, we are reminded of the fact that, if the taking 
of Mentz led to its being gradually disseminated throughout Europe, an 
event of far greater importance largely contributed towards its further 
development. The capture of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453 
forced many illustrious Greeks to find a refuge in Italy, bearing with 
them literary treasures which, in the course of a few years, were to be 
revealed to the civilized world through the medium of the printing press. 

The honour of introducing typography into France belongs to the 
Theological College of the Sorbonne at Paris, two of its members 
having induced Gering, Crantz, and Friburger, three working printers 
from Germany, to set up a press within its walls in 1470. Three years 
later Barth. Buyer, a man of good family at Lyons, commenced printing in 
his native city. Simultaneously Switzerland produced its first printed 
book at Miinster in Aargau, and in 1474, one of Gutenberg's associates, 
Bertholdus Rot, established a press at Basle, where Johannes Froben, 
-Erasmus' friend, in 15 16 published the first Greek Testament. 



Cla00 S*— SDetelopment in govtiQn Countvit^i. 49 

In Holland, typography was first practised at Utrecht, 1471-73, by 
Nic. Ketelaer and Gherardus de Leempt, and Johannes de Westfalia, the 
earliest printer in Belgium, produced his first work in 1473 ^^ Alost, 
where Thierri Martens, distinguished by the name of the " Aldus " of 
the Low Countries, set up as a master printer in 1487. About 1476 
Colard Mansion, a caligraphist, was making his first essays at Bruges, his 
native city, in the typographical art, the knowledge of which he after- 
wards imparted to William Caxton. At Delft, in 1477, Jacobs and 
Yements published the first Dutch Old Testament, and in 1523 printing 
commenced at Amsterdam, which will be ever held in repute on account 
of the productions of the Elzevir Press towards the end of the 17 th 
century. 

If we turn to the extreme points of Europe we find that printing was car- 
ried on in Spain, at Seville in 1476, and still further encouraged at Alcala 
by Cardinal Ximenes, the publisher of the first Polyglot Bible of 15 14-17 ; 
at Constantinople efforts were made by the Jews as early as 1490 to 
develop the art; and typography was introduced into Iceland in 1530 
through the energy of John Areson, Bishop of the See of Hoolum. 

In the New World, Mexico can claim the honour of having been the 
first city to produce a printed book before 1550, and in the United 
States the name of Benjamin Franklin is connected with some of the 
earliest attempts at typography in that country, where the first press was 
established in 1638, at Cambridge in Massachusetts. 

Within such a necessarily limited space it is not possible to do more 
than give a rapid sketch of the early history of printing. It is hoped 
that some general idea of its progress abroad may be obtained by an 
examination of the collection before us, containing as it does some of 
the finest productions of the foreign press ; many of them indeed are 
justly entitled to a place amongst the specimens remarkable for rarity 
or beauty of execution, but they are exhibited under this particular 
Class in order that the Development of the Art of Printing in Foreign 
Countries might be illustrated as completely as possible. 





50 Cajcton Celebration. 

Section I. 
IMPRESSIONS FROM WOODEN BLOCKS. 

345- 

T. CHRISTOPHER. A woodcut coloured with the hand, 
bearing the date of 1423. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

This woodcut, the most ancient specimen extant with a date of the use of 
printing ink, is pasted inside the cover of ** Laus Virginis," a manuscript dis- 
covered in the Chartreuse of Buxheim, near Memmingen, by Baron Heinecken, 
who says, "At least we know with certainty by this piece of engraving, that 
both images and letters were printed in 1423." 

346. The Annunciation of the Virgin. A woodcut, coloured with the 
hand. Lent by Earl Speticer. 

This woodcut was pasted inside the cover of "Laus Virginis." 

347. Impression from a Block, representing St. Bridget 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Coloured with some glutinous substance, and transferred from the block to 
paper by means of a rubber and not the press. 

348. Impression from a Block — representing St. Anthony. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Produced in the same manner as the impression of St. Bridget. 



Section II. 
BLOCK BOOKS. 

^ 349- 

gjjjgRS Moriendi. 4to. Twelve leaves stuck together, so as to form 

!^^^ twenty-four pages, with a single leaf at the commencement and 

^flSii ^^^* -^^^ ^y ^^^^ Spencer. 

First edition, according to Heinecken. With coloured woodcuts, transferred, 

together with the text, from the block, by means of the rubber. The cuts are 

coloured by hand. This, according to Sotheby, is supposed to be the earliest 

xylographic production in the form of a book. 

350. BiBLiA Pauperum Latine. Folio. Forty leaves. With woodcuts. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Heinecken describes four editions with forty leaves, and a fifth with fifty. 

351. BiBLi A Pauperum. Folio. Lent by Dr. Gott. 

Deficient in three pages. Second edition, according to Heinecken. 



Cla52(0 ©>— 2Detielopment in Jforefffn Countries. si 

352. BiBLiA Pauperum. Folio. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

Remarkably large and perfect copy of this particular edition, containing 
forty leaves, which, according to Heinecken, is the fourth. 

353. HiSTORiA seu Providentia Virginis Marias ex Cantico Canticorum. 
Folio. Nine pages, printed on both sides. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

354. Sancti Johannis Apocalypsis. Folio. With woodcuts, coloured 
by hand. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

In the German binding of the fifteenth century, with the date 1467 impressed 
outside. According to Heinecken, there were five different editions of this 
work. 

355. Original Block, from which page 2 of the "Apocalypsis S. 
Johannis," was produced by means of friction. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

356. Sancti Johannis Apocalypsis. Folio. With woodcuts, coloured 
by hand. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

A different edition to the former one. Woodcuts, and text, produced by 
friction. 

357. Enndkrist [Anti Christ] Germ. Folio. With woodcuts, rudely 
coloured like the " Quindecem Signa," to which it was probably 
attached. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

The leaves are separate, and text and illustrations were transferred to the 
paper by rubbing. 

358. Quindecem Signa extremi Judicii prsecedentia. Germanic. 
Folio. Ten leaves with woodcuts, coloured by hand. 

Lent by Earl Spencer, 
Text and illustrations produced by friction, not by the printing press. 

359. Ars Memorandi. Folio. Thirty leaves with text and illustra- 
tions on one side. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

A Memoria Technica, for learning the Four Gospels by heart, by means of 
woodcuts, coloured with some glutinous substance like oil. The occurrence of 
the words "grabactum Tuum et ambula" in the seventeenth and eighteenth 
lines of the first page, instead of "grabatum tuum et vade," indicates, accord- 
ing to Heinecken, that this is the first edition. The illustrations and text 
have been transferred to the paper by rubbing. 

360. Speculum Humanae Salvationis. Dutch. Folio. Sixty-two leaves, 
with text, and woodcuts on one side, forming thirty-one pages. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Probably by the same artist who produced the ** Biblia Pauperum," so far 
as the illustrations are concerned, which were produced by means of the rubber, 
having been struck off in pale brown ink. The text was executed with metal 
types and in black ink. 



52 Caxton Celebration. 

361. Die Kunst Ciromantia. Das nachgeschriben buch von der haund 
hat zu teiitsch gemacht Doctor Hartlieb, I 5^JlL8 (1448), iorg 
scapff zu augspurg. Folio. Twenty-four pages printed on both 
sides. Lent by Earl Spencer, 

On the first page Doctor Hartlieb is represented giving a copy of his book 
to Princess Anne of Augspurg, his patroness. 

362. MiRABiLiA Romae, Germanic^. 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

An abridged history of Rome, of which several editions appeared. This 
one, to which Brunet assigns the date 1480, he pronounces to be the rarest. 
The type of the letters is very rude, and the wood engravings sharply cut. 

363. Calendaire. Duodecimo. Printed on vellum. 

Lent by Earl Spencer, 

A most remarkable, and perhaps the first xylographic production, executed 
in France. It contains several calendars and maps of France, Flanders, and 
Great Britain. The dates 1458 to 1467 are inserted with a pen. 




Section III. 
IMPRESSIONS FROM MOVEABLE METAL TYPES. 

364. 

ITTER^ Indulgentiarum Nicolai V. Pont : Max: 1454. 

Lent by Earl Spencer, 

The earliest known specimen of the impression of metal types with a date. 
Executed at Mentz by Gutenberg. The Indulgence was issued by Nicholas 
v., in 1451, to all who by sums of money were willing to assist King John II. 
of Cyprus against the Turks. It was preached by one Paulinus Chappe, who, 
possibly having heard of the invention of printing at Mentz, made his way 
there, and was glad to make use of the press as a more expeditious and cheaper 
means of publishing the letter he was commanded to issue than the pen of a 
scribe. It will be observed in this copy that the date 1454 has been turned 
into 1455 by a stroke of the pen. The large type closely resembles that of 
the Mazarine Bible (No. 366). 

365. LiTTERiE Indulgentiarum Nicolai V. Pont. Max., 1455. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

A copy of the same, being the second issue of the third edition, according to 
M. Leon de Laborde. The large type is identical with that of the Bible of 
1461 (No. 384), and that used by Pfister at Bamberg. 




Cla00 B*— 2Det)elopment in jForeiffn €onnttit^. 53 

Section IV. 

PRINTED BOOKS. 

GERMANY.— Mentz, 1450. 

GENSFLEISCH Von Sulgeloch zum Gudenberg, commonly known as 
Gutenberg, after having made unsuccessful experiments with one Andr, Dry- 
zehn at Strasburg in printing, associated himself with Johann Fust, of 

Mentz, with whose assistance he is supposed to have produced the "Biblia 

Latina," of 42 lines. Being unable to pay back to Fust the money advanced by him 
towards this undertaking, he was obliged to give up to him the whole printing establish- 
ment in 1455, which Fust carried on after taking into partnership one of his workmen, 
Peter Schoeffer, of Gernsheim, who subsequently became his son-in-law. Gutenberg 
was enabled to start another press in 1456, by the help of Conrad Humbrecht, syndic 
of Mentz, and in 1460 produced the "Catholicon." He died in 1468. 

366. BiBLiA Latina Vulgata. Supposed to have been printed by 
Gutenberg, assisted by Fust, at Mentz, 1450-55. Folio. 2 vols. 

Zeni by Earl Spencer. 
Vol. I. exhibited in Class C, Section I. 
The first printed Bible, and the first complete printed book known. Com- 
monly called the ** Mazarine " Bible, the first copy of it having been discovered 
in Cardinal Mazarin's library. According to Brunet only twenty-eight copies 
exist, of which seven are on vellum. 

367. PsALTERiuM. Fust and Schoeffer. Mentz, 1457. Folio. On 
vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The Mentz Psalter, 143 leaves. The first printed Psalter, the first book 
printed with a date, and the first example of printing in colours. Only six 
or seven copies known to exist. The copy lent by Her Majesty the Queen is 
exhibited in Class C, Section I. 

368. PsALTERiUM. Fust and Schoeffer. Mentz, 1459. Folio. On 
vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Second edition of the Mentz Psalter, almost as rare as the first. Contains 
the first printed text of the Athanasian Creed. Second printed book with a 
date. 

369. DuRANDUS. Rationale Divinorum Officiorum. Fust and Schoeffer. 
Mentz, 1459. Folio. Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The third book printed with a date. The first book in Fust and Schoeffer's 
smallest type. 

370. Clementis Papae V. Constitutiones. Fust and Schoeffer. 
Mentz, 1460. Folio. Vellum. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

First edition. The fourth dated book. 



54 Carton Celebration* 

371. Catholicon, seu Grammatica et Lexicon Joannis Balbi de Janua. 
Supposed to have been printed by Gutenberg. Mentz, 1460. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The fifth dated book. Bechtermunze, who redeemed the types of Gutenberg 
from Conrad Humbrecht, printed a vocabulary in 1467 in the same characters 
as those of the present work. 

372. BiBLiA Latina Vulgata. Fust and Schoeffer. Mentz, 1462. Folio. 
2 vols. (vol. I exhibited in Class C). Vellum. 

Lent by Earl Spencer^ 

The sixth dated book. First edition of the Bible bearing the name of a 

printer, the place, and year of execution. Some copies have no subscription, 

which would make it probable that in the first instance this Bible, as has been 

said by Fabricius, was sold by Fust as a manuscript at Paris. 

373. Cicero Officia et Paradoxa. Fust and Schoeffer. Mentz, 1465. 
Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of the first Latin Classic printed. 

374. Grammatica Rhythmica. Fust and Schoeffer. Mentz, 1466. 
Folio. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

Of greatest rarity. Printed with the same type as the " Durandus," 1459. 

375. JusTiNiANUS. Institutionum Libri V. Peter Schoeffer. Mentz, 
1468. Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Printed with the same type as the Bible of 1462. First edition. 

376. Breydenbach, Johannes de. Peregrinatio. Erard Reiiwich. 
Mentz, i486. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

One of the first books of travels printed, and the first illustrated with folding 
views. (Exhibited in Class G.) 

Bamberg, 1460. 

Albert Pfister, one of Gutenberg's and Schoeffer's workmen probably, left Mentz to 
form a printing establishment here, before it was taken in 1462, the similarity of his 
type to that of Gutenberg appearing to corroborate this supposition. After his death 
in that year Bamberg was without a printer, until Sensenschmidt left Nuremberg to 
establish a press here in 148 1. 

377. Biblia Latina. Probably printed at Bamberg by Albrecht Pfister 
about 1460. 2 vols. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The types in this Bible are exactly conformable with those used in Pfister's 
"Biblia Pauperum" and in his "Histories of Joseph, Daniel, Judith, and 
Esther." M. Van Praet states that a leaf of this Bible was discovered in the 
substance of the cover of an account-book of the Abbey of St. Michael at 
Bamberg, commencing on March 21, 1460, and in a copy of it in the National 
Library at Paris the date 1461 occurs on the last leaf, inserted in red ink by 
the illuminator. 

378. BiBLiA Pauperum Latine. Printed by Pfister. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 



€la$i0 B*— 3Det)riopment in Jforefgix CountrfejJ* 55 

379. Histories of Joseph, Daniel, Judith, and Esther. German. 
Pfister. Bamberg, 1462. Folio. Coloured woodcuts. 

Zenf by Earl Spencer. 
Exhibted in Class D, Section i. 

Strasburg, 1460. 
Joh. Mentelin was the first printer in this his native city. In 1447 he was registered 
as a qualified illuminator, and elected a member of the Society of Painters. Gutenberg 
is supposed to have initiated him in the art of printing. 

380. BiBLiA Sacra Latina [Strasburg. Mentelin]. (Exhibited in 
Class C.) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Mr. Bradshaw, the University Librarian at Cambridge, has had the oppor- 
tunity of examining a copy of this Bible at Freiburg, in Breisgau, of which 
Vol. I. was rubricated in 1460, and Vol. 11. in 1461. 

381. BiBLiA Sacra Germanica. Supposed to have been printed by 
Mentelin. Strasburg. Folio. 2 parts (part i exhibited in Class 
C). Lent by Earl Spencer, 

** Editio princeps " of the sacred text in German. 

382. Gratianus. Decretum cum apparatu. Eggesteyn. Strasburg, 

147 1. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First dated book printed at Strasburg. 

383. Valerius Maximus. Comment, de Burgo. Mentelin. Strasburg, 

1472. L^nt by H. White^ Esq. 

384. Terentii Comediae. Strasburg, 1496. Griiningen. Folio. 

Lent by H. White, Esq. 
With woodcuts. 

385. Jacobi Magni Sophologium. Mentelin. Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

First edition. Reprinted by Caxton in English under the title of the ** Book 
of Good Manners." 

386. The Golden Bull. Strasburg : Joh. Prussz, 1485. Folio. 

Lent by J. E. Nightingale, Esq. 
Imperial Constitution made by the Emperor Charles IV. The Magna 
Charta of the German Empire. With woodcuts. 

386*.HoRTULUS anime Argetine. Joh. Knoblouch, 1507. 8vo. 

Lent by Earl Beauchamp. 

Cologne, 1465. 

Ulric Zel, of Hanau, one of the employes in Fust and Schoeffer's printing-ofiice 
at Mentz, was the first to convey the secret of the art of printing here from that city 
on its capture by Adolphus, Duke of Nassau, in 1462. 



56 Carton Celebration* 

387. Chrysostomus super Psalmo L. Ulric Zel. Cologne, 1466. 
4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First book printed by Zel with a date. A tract of excessive rarity. 

388. Sermo in Festo Presentationis. 1470. 4to. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
The first book known to have been printed by Therhoenen, of Cologne, and 
the earliest known to have the leaves numbered. 

389. Fasciculus Temporum. Cologne, 1474. Therhoenen. 

Unt by H. White, Esq. 

390. Albertus Magnus, De secretis mulierum. . No imprint. (Nic. 
Gotz de Stetzstat, about 1477.) 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

391. GoTSCHALCHUS Hiller. Preceptorium Novum. Guldenschaff. 
Cologne, (14)81. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College, London. 

392. Aristotelis, Textus trium librorum de Anima Koelhoff Colonien- 
sis. 1 49 1. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

393. Cronica v. der Hilliger Stat va Coelle. Germ. Koelhoff. 
Cologne, 1499. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Contains an important passage relating to the invention of printing with 
metal types. 

Augsburg, 1468. 

Gunther Zainer, of Reutlingen, first set up a press here. He may have learnt the 
art of printing from its first inventors. He first introduced Roman type into Germany. 

394. BoNAVENTURA. Meditationes Vitae Christi. Gunther Zainer. 
Augsburg, 1468. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First book printed at Augsburg. 

395. Speculum Vitae Humanse. Gunther Zainer. 1471. 

Lent by H. White, Esq. 

396. Legend A Sanctorum. Apparently by Gunther Zainer. 

Lent by J. E. Hodgkin, Esq, 

Very quaint pictures. First illustration of the Guillotine. 

Nuremberg, 1470. 

Joh. Sensenschmidt, a citizen of Nuremberg, was the first printer. He moved his 
press in 1481 to Bamberg. Koberger, who printed here 147 1 to 1513, was distin- 
guished by the name of " Librariorum Princeps." He is said to have had 24 presses 
and 100 men constantly at work, besides furnishing work for presses at Basle, Lyons, 
and other places. He printed 13 editions of the Bible. 



€la^0 B.—iaDeteldpment m Jforeign Countrie^^ 57 

397. F. DE Retza. Comestorium Vitiorum. Nuremberg, 1470. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First book printed at Nuremberg with a date. 

398. Thomas Aquinas de Veritate Catholice Fidei. Nurembergae. 
Sensenschmidt, 1474. Lent by Robert White, Esq. 

399. BiBLiA Sacra Latina. Nuremburgae. Frisner et Johannes Sen- 
senschmid, 1475. Folio. 2 vols. (vol. i exhibited in Class C). 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

400. Marcho Polo. Von Venedig der Grost Landtfarer. Germanice. 
Creussner. Nuremberg, 1477. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition. A translation from an Italian MS. 

401. Glossa Psalterii David Magistri Petri Lombardi. Nurembergae : 
Andr. Frisner, 1478. Folio. 

Le7tt by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

402. BoETHius de Consolatione Philosophie. A. Coburger, Nurem- 
berg, 1476. Folio. Lent by H. S. Harland, Esq. 

403. Speculum Aureum fratris Henrici Herp. Ant. Koburger. Nurem- 
bergae, 1 48 1. 

404. Chronicarum Liber. Koberger. Nuremberg, 1493. Folio. 

Lent by H. White, Esq. 
Compiled by Hartman Schedel, a physician of Nuremberg, and containing 
woodcuts executed by Wohlgemuth (Albrecht DUrer's master) and Pley- 
denwurfF. (Exhibited in Class G.) 

405. SuMMA angelica de casibus conscientie per Angelum de Clavasio. 
Nurembergae : Anth. Koberger, 1498. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

406. HoRTULUS anime. Argetine; Johann Knoblouch, 1507. 8vo. 

Lent by Earl Beatichamp. 
Illustrated with woodcuts. 

407. Speculum de Passione domini nostri Jesu Christi. Nuremberg : 
Peypus, 1519. Lent by H. White, Esq. 

408. BiBLiA Germanica Martini Lutheri. Peypus. Nuremberg, 1524. 
3 vols. (vols. I and 2 exhibited in Class C). Folio. Vellum. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
The Prophets which are wanting in this edition did not appear till 1 532. 



58 Ca;cton Celebration* 

409. DiRECTORiUM humane vite alias parabole antiquoru sapientu. 
Woodcuts. Folio. Lent by the Rev. J. F. Russell 

410. Stella Clericonim (1490). 4to. Lent by Sir Charles Reed, 

Spira, 147 1. 

The first work printed here bears no printer's name. Peter Drach, 1477- 1504, is the 
first printer mentioned. 

411. Alberti Magni Compendium. Spirae, 1473. 

Lent by H, White, Esq. 

412. Peregrinatio in Montem Syon. Spine: Petrus Drach, 1490. 
Folio. LentfrojH the Signet Library. 

Ulm, 1472. 
J. Zainer, related to Gunther Zainer, first printed here. 

413. Alberti de Padua, Sermones de Domenicis. Ulme : Johannes 
Zainer, 1480. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

414. AuREA Biblia. Liber manualis in Biblie historias. Ulm : J. Zainer 
de Reutlingen. 2nd edition. Lent by H. WJiite^ Esq. 

415. BucH der Weiszhait. [The Fables of Bidpai in German, from the 
Latin version of Joannes de Capua.] Leonard Holl. Ulm, 1483. 
8 MaL Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

EssLiNGEN, 1472. 

The first dated book in the type of Conrad Fyner, who is supposed to have been the 
only printer in this town during the sixteenth century, is dated 1472. 

416. Petri Lombardi Glossa ordinaria in Epistolas Pauli. Esslingae, 
Conrad Fyner. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

LuBECK, 1475. 
Lucas Brandis, after printing in Saxony, first established a press here. 

417. Biblia Lingua Saxonica inferiori. Lubec, 1491. Folio. 2 vols, 
(vol. I exhibited in Class C). Lent by Earl Spencer. 

An edition in great estimation on account of its rarity, according to Vogt. 
With large woodcuts. 



Cla00 B.— 2Det3elopment in JForeigit Countries. 59 

418. Dat Bok der Medelydinghe MarieiL Lubec, 1498. Arnd. i2mo. 

y. E. Hodgkin^ Esq. 
With curious woodcuts. Excessively rare. 

Tubingen, 1498. 

Johannes Ottmar was the first to print in this town of Wirtemburg. 

419. Terentii Comoediae. Tubingae in sedibus Thomae Anselmi 
Badensis, 15 16. Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 



ITALY. 

SUBIACO, 1462. 

On the capture of Mentz by Adolphus of Nassau, Conrad Sweynheym and Arnold 
Pannartz, two of Gutenberg's and Schoeffer's workmen, took refuge in Italy, and set 
up a printing-press in the Monastery of Subiaco. They first produced a small school- 
book, which they named " Donatus," of which no authentic copy has been found, and 
the three following works : — 

420. Cicero de Oratore. Libri III. Subiaco. 4to. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First known book printed in Italy. A copy of this work at Lugano contains 
some manuscript notes, with the date September, 1465. The '* Lactantius " 
was printed October, 1465. 

421. Lactantius adversus gentes de ira Del Subiaco, 1465. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
The first work printed in Italy with a date. 

422. AuGUSTiNUS de Civitate Del Subiaco: Sweynheym and Pannartz, 
1467. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Rome, 1467. 

Swejmhejnn and Pannartz set up a printing-press in the house of Peter and Francis 
de Maximis, who had induced them to leave Subiaco and come to Rome. In 1474 
the partnership broke up, as Sweynheym wished to devote himself to the art of copper- 
engraving. They were the first to make use of Roman characters, and their works 
are rare, as they only struck off 275 or 3CX) copies of each edition. Almost all their 
publications were revised by J. Andreas, Bishop of Aleria. 

423. Cicero ad familiares. Sweynheym and Pannartz. Rome, 1467. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First impression of the first book printed at Rome, and the first edition in 
which these two printers' names appear. First book printed in Roman 
characters. 



6o Cairton Celebration* 

424. ViRGiLius. Sweynheym and Pannartz. Rome, about 1469. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Speticer. 

First edition. Very rare. 

425. Plinius Senior. Sweynheym and Pannartz. Rome, 1470. Folio. 
Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer, 

426. AuGUSTiNUS de Civitate Dei. Romae, 1470. 

Lent by H. White, Esq, 

427. BiBLiA Latina Vulgata. Sweynheym and Pannartz. Rome, 147 1. 
Folio. 2 vols. (vol. I exhibited in Class C). 

LeJit by Earl Spencer. 
The second Bible printed with a date, the Mentz Bible, 1462, having been 
the first, and the first printed at Rome. Only 275 copies were struck off. 

428. TuRRECREMATA (Torquemada).. I. de. Meditationes. Ulric Han. 
Rome, 1467. Folio. I^nt by Earl Spencer, 

Ulric Han, the first printer at Vienna, settled in Rome on the invitation of 
the Pope's Nuncio, Torquemada. 

429. Chronicon Pontificum Imperatorumque. J. de Lignamine. 
Rome, 1474. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition. Contains the earliest printed memorandum respecting the 
ancient printers. 

430. Pindar. Olympia, Nemea, Pythia, Isthmia. Romae : Zacharias 
Calergi, 1515. 4to. Lent by T. Jenner, Esq. 

The first book printed in Greek at Rome. 

430*. Bull of Pope Sixtus IV., Rome. 

Milan, 1469. 

Philip de Lavagna, as appears by the colophon to his "Treatise on Medicine," by 
Avicinus, 1473, was the first printer here. 

431. Lascaris, Grammatica Graeca. Dionysius Paravisinus. Milan, 
1476. 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of the first book printed in Greek. This was composed for the 
daughter of Francis Sforza, Duke of Milan, into whose house Lascaris had 
been received on taking refuge in Italy, with many of his countrymen, after the 
taking of Constantinople. 

432. ^sopus. Vita et Fabulae. Gr. et Lat. 4to. Printed at Milan 
about 1480. Bonus Accursius. Lent by Earl Spencer, 

First edition of the first Greek Classic printed. 

433. Officia Ambrosil Mediolani : Christopher. Valdarfer, 1474. 4to. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First book produced at Milan by Valdarfer, who had already printed at 
Venice. 



ClajafjS S.— aDetielopment in fovzim €mnttitsi. 6i 

Venice, 1469. 

Johannes Spira first introduced printing into Venice, which was the capital of the 
printing-press, between 1465 and 1500, and, according to Panzer, issued 2980 works, 
executed by no fewer than 198 printers. 

434. Cicero ad familiares. Venice : Joh. Spira, 1469. Folio. Vel- 
lum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First book printed at Venice, and the first in which Joh. Spira's name 
appears. According to Van Praat, six copies only on vellum are known. 
Joh. Spira died in 1470, and was succeeded by his brother Vindelin. 

435. Petrarca. Sonetti e Trionfi. Vindelin di Spira, Venice, 
1470. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of Petrarch. 

436. JoANNis Bocaccii de Certaldo, de montibus, &c. Venetiis, 1473. 

Lent by H. White, Esq. 

Probably by Vindelin di Spira. 

437. BiBLiA Italica. Malherbi. Kal. Aug. Vind. de Spira. Folio. 
2 vols. (vol. I exhibited in Class C). Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Oldest Italian version known. In Roman type. 

438. Eusebii libri de praeparatione evangelica, Jenson. Venice, 
1470. Lent by H. White, Esq. 

First edition. 

439. Aretino, Leonardo. De Bello Italico adversus Gothos. N. 
Jenson, 147 1. Folio. Unt by W. Blades, Esq. 

440. Officium beate virginis. Venetiis: N. Jenson, 1475. i8mo. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

441. Cicero de Oratore. Christopher Valdarfer. Venice, 1470. Folio. 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 
E^liest production of Valdarfer's press. 

442. BoccACio. II Decamerone. Venice: Valdarfer, 147 1. Folio. 
(Exhibited in Class D, Section i.) Lent by Earl Spencer. 

443. BoNiFACius VIII. Liber sextus Decretalium. Jenson. Venice. 
1476. Folio. Vellum. Lent by Earl Spenar, 

444. DiALOGO di S. Gregorio. Venice, 1475. Lent by H. White, Esq. 

445. Serapionis Opus de simplicibus. Venetiis : Rainaldus de 
Novimagio, 1479. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 



62 Carton Celebratiom 

446. iEciDius Romanus de Sententiis. Venice, 1482. Folio. 

Lent by H. White, Esq. 

447. MissALE secundum consuetudinem Fratnim Praedicalorum. 
Venetiis : Andreas de Torresanis de Asula, 1496. Folio. 
Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

This copy has illuminations and ornamental initials. Andreas Asulanus, the 
successor of Nicolas Jcnson, commenced printing at Venice in 1480. He was 
father-in-law of Aldus, and after 1506 assisted him in carrying on the Aldine 
Press. 

448. MuSiEUS. Gr. et Lat Aldus. Venice. 4to. About 1494. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Supposed to be the first book printed by Aldus Pius Manutius, the head of 
the celebrated Aldine family of Venetian printers. A Roman by birth, he 
first made himself known at Venice in 1488 by giving public lectures in Greek 
and Latin. He was on most intimate terras with all the scholars of his day, 
and formed what was known as the "Aldine Academy," which counted among 
its members P. Bembo, Erasmus and Demetrius, Chalcondylas, who assisted 
him in superintending the production of his works. Twenty-eight first editions 
of Greek classics, besides editions of almost every Greek and Latin author 
of celebrity, appeared from his press, and he was on the point of publishing a 
Bible in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, which would have been the first Polyglot, 
when he died in 151 5. 

449. Galeomyomachia. Tragoedia grgeca cum prgefatione Aristobuli 
Apostolii hierodiaconi. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

One of the earliest productions of Aldus. 

450. Bembus, Petrus. De ^tna ad Angelum Chabrielem liber. Venice. 
Aldus, MVD. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

First Latin book printed by Aldus. 

451. HoRAE beatiss. virginis. Greek. Venice : Aldus, 1497. i6mo. 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 
This book is of the greatest rarity. 

452. FiRMicius, Julius. Astronomicorum libri octo. "Venetiis cura 
& diligentia Aldi Ro." 1499. Folio. Unt by Earl Stanhope. 

453. EpiSTOLiE Variorum Auctorum Gr. Venice. Aldus, 1499. 

Lent by H. White, Esq. 

454. PoLiPHiLO. Hypnerotomachia. Venice: Aldus, 1499. Folio. 
(Exhibited in Class G.) L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

455. ViRGiLius. Venetiis. Aldus. " Mense Aprilis," 1501. 8vo. 
Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First book printed in Italic type, and the earliest attempt to produce cheap 
books by compressing the matter into a small space. It is said that the type 
was invented in imitation of Petrarch's handwriting. Renouard mentions only 
six copies on vellum. 



Cla00 ©.— 3Det)elopment in Jforefffit Countri'ejsf. 63 

456. Petrarch. Venegia. Aldus, 1501, "del mese de Luglio." 
Vellum. 8vo. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The first Italian book printed in italic type, with MS. notes by Cardinal 
Bembo, who edited this work from an autograph manuscript of Petrarch's. 

457. Dante. Aldus, 1502. Venetiis. Mense Aug. 8vo. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
A complete copy, 244 leaves. Renouard quotes this edition as the first in 
which Aldus employed the device of the anchor and dolphin. 

458. OviDius. Opera. Venetiis. In aedibus Aldi, 1502-03. 3 vols. 
8vo. Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

459. Anthologia Grseca. Venetiis. Aldus, 1503. 8vo. First edi- 
tion. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

461. PiNDARUS. Callimachus. Dionysius. Lycophron. Gr. Venice. 
Aldus, 15 1 3. 8vo. Vellum. First edition. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Interesting preface in which Aldus gives an account of his labours, and states 
that he had been printing for 20 years. 

463. SiMPLicii Hypomnemata in Aristotelis categorias. Or. Venice. 
Calliergus, 1499. First edition. Lent by H. White, Esq. 

464. MissALEVallisumbrose. Vellum. Venice: Lucantonio di Giunta, 
1503. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Philip Giunta and other members of that family printed at Florence. 

465. Graduale Romanum. Correctum per fratrem Franciscum de. 
Brugis ordinis minorum de observantia. Venice : Lucantonio di 
Giunta, 15 15. Folio. Lent by A. Cohn, Esq. 

This handsome service-book has the initial letters and music-staves printed 
in red, with the text and notes subsequently printed in black ink. 

FOLIGNO, 1470. 

Emilius de Orfinis, having induced J. Numeister and other German printers to come 
to Foligno, established a press in his own house. 

466. Dante. La Divina Commedia. Numeister. (Foligno), 1472. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Supposed to be the first edition of Dante, claiming precedence of the Jesi 
and Mantua editions of the poet executed in this year. 



64 €axtm Celebration, 

Bologna, 147 i. 

Balthazar Azzoguidi was the first to print in this his native city, as is recorded in his 
Ovid of 147 1. 

467. OviDius. Balth. Azoguidi. Bologna, 147 1. Folio. 3 vols. 

Zeni by Earl Spencer, 
First book printed at Bologna. Extremely rare. 

Ferrara, 147 1. 
Andreas Gallus, of French origin, first introduced the art of typography here. 

468. Ariosto. Orlando furioso. Ferrara per Maestro Majorco del 
Bondeno. 15 16. 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of this poem, containing only 40 cantos. 

Florence, 147 i. 

Bernardo Cennini, a goldsmith, first established printing here. 

469. Servii Commentarii in Virgilium. Bern. & Dom. Cenninus. 
Florence, 1471-72. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First dated book, hitherto discovered, printed at Florence. 

470. HoMERUS. Opera omnia. Demetrius Cretensis. Florence, 1488. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of Homer. Printed at the expense of the brothers Nerli, from 
a copy prepared by Demetrius Chalcondylas of Athens. 

471. Berlinghieri Geographia. Firenze. Nicolo Todescho. 

L^nt by David Laing^ Esq. 

Naples, 147 i. 

Sixtus Riessinger, a priest of Strasburg, imported printing here. King Ferdinand, 
anxious that he should settle in his states, offered him a bishopric, which he refused. 
He afterwards went to Rome. 

472. BiBLiA Latina. Mathias Moraviis, Neapoli, 1476. Folio. Vellum. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Brunet mentions only four copies on vellum. Matt. Moravus, of Olrautz, 
printed at Genoa with Michael de Monacho in 1474, and settled next year at 
Naples. 

Mantua, 1472. 

474. BoccACio. II Decamerone. Petnis Adam de Michaelibus. 
Mantua, 1472. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Supposed to be the first production of the Mantua Press. 



Cla00 25>— 3Detielopment in Jforeign Countries?* 65 

Padua, 1472. 
Bart, de Valdezochio and Mart, de Septem Arboribus were the first printers. 

475. BoccACio. La Fiammetta. Valdezocchio. Padua, 1472. 4to. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First book printed at Padua. 

476. Andreas, Ant. Quaestiones de tribus principiis rerum naturalium. 
Laurentius de Lendenaria. 1475. (Patavii.) Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

477. GuiLELMi Duranti, Speculum judiciale. Joannes ex Alemania de 
Seligenstad. Patavii, 1479. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

Sienna, 1479. 
The earliest known book here is a work by Franciscus de Aretio. 

478. Aristotelis, Oeconomicorum libelli. Impraess. Senis per 
Symeone Nicolai Nardi. 1508. 4to. 

SoNCiNO, 1484. 

De Rossi gives this as the earliest date of the first production of the Soncino 
Press, from which issued, in 1488, the editio princeps of the entire Hebrew Bible, of 
which Van Praet mentions only thirteen copies. 

479. Rabbi Mosis Maimonidis Jad achazaka seu manus fortis. Son- 
cino, 1490. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 



FRANCE. 
Paris, 1470. 

Lewis XI. in 1462 sent Nicholas Jenson, master of the Mint at Tours, to Mentz, to 
acquire the art of printing. Instead of returning to France, Jenson betook himself, 
after some years, to Venice, where he established a press in 1469. Guillaume Fichet, 
and Jean de la Pierre, two members of the Sorbonne, induced three working printers — 
Ulric Gering, Martin Crantz, and Michel Friburger — to come from Germany to Paris, 
fitting up a room for them in the Sorbonne, where they commenced printing in 1470. 
Panza enumerates 85 printers, and over 790 works executed at Paris during the 
fifteenth century. 

480. Gasparinus Pergamensis (Barzizius). Folio. 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 
Supposed to be the first book printed at Paris. 
F 



66 Caxton Celebration* 

481. 61BLIA Latina Vulgata. Paris : Gering, Crantz, and Friburger, 
1475-76. Folio. 2 vols. (Vol. I exhibited in Class C). 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First Bible printed at Paris. The type is peculiar, between the Roman and 
Gothic. 

482. Croniques de France. Pasquier Bonhomme, 1476. Folio. 
3 vols. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First French book printed at Paris. 

483. CouTUMES du pays de Normandie. Folio. 1483. Vellum. 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 
From the press of Jean du Pr^, Paris. First edition. 

484. Antidotarium Salutiferum. Parisius : Petnis le Dm, 1499. 

Lent by Earl Beauchamp. 

485. IsiDORi Hyspalensis Episcopi praeclarissimum opus. Parhisii : 
Georgius Wolff et Thielman Kerver, 1499. 

L^nt by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

486. Heures a I'usaige de Rome. Paris : Thyelma Kerver, 1499. 
8vo. Lent by the Rev. W. Gott. 

Text surrounded with border ornamented with woodcuts. 

487. IsiDORi Hyspalensis Ethimologiae. Parisiis : Wolff et Kerver, 

1499. L^nt by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

488. Heures \ "I'usaige" de Rome. Paris: Philippe Pigouchet, 

1500. On vellum. Folio. L^nt by the Rev. W. Gott. 
Text surrounded with border, ornamented with woodcuts. 

490. Psalterium Quincuplex. Parisiis : H. Stephanus, 1509. Folio. 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

Henricus Stephanus (1460- 1 520) was the head of the illustrious and learned 
family of that name, which for a century and a half .carried on the business of 
printing at Paris. '' • 

492. Commentarii in Lucretium. Jodocus Badius Ascensius. Folio. 
Paris, 1507. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

On the title-page there is the earliest known representation of a printing press. 
Jodocus Badius, sumamed Ascensius from his birthplace Assche, near Brussels, 
established a press at Paris about 1507. He was father-in-law to the two cele- 
brated printers, Robert Stephens and Vascosan. 



Cla00 B.— 2Det)elopment in jforeiffn Countries* 67 

493. GiLLES de Romme. Regime et gouuememet des Princes. 
Paris: Guillaume Eustace, 1517. Folio. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

494. Croniques de France. Paris : Anthoine Verard. 

Lent by the Consistory of the Dutch Churchy Austin Friars. 

495. Therence. Paris : Verard. Folio. With woodcuts. 

Lent from the Signet Library , Edinburgh. 

Lyons, 1473. 

Bart. Buyer, of a good family at Lyons, first exercised the typographic art in his 
native city. The first book printed at Lyons is ** Lotharii Diaconi Compendium," 
Bartholomaeus Buyer, 1473. 4to. 

496. La Legende Dor^e. Earth. Buyer. Lyons, 1476. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First edition of this work in French. 

497. Breydenbach. Peregrinations de Jerusalem. Lyon : Michel 
Topic de Pymont et J. Heremberck, 1488. Folio. 

Lent from the Signet Library , Edinburgh. 

498. Recueil des Histoires de Troye. Michel Topic. Lyons, 1490. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Rouen, 1483 or 1487. 

Printing was introduced here by means of the Lallemant family, who at their 
own expense set up a press under the superintendence of Martin Morin and P. Manfer, 
whom they had had instructed in the typographical art at Paris or in Germany. 

500. Tenores Novelli. Impressi per me Wilhelmu le tailleur in opu- 
lentissima civitate rothomagensi juxta prioratum sanctilaudi ad 
instantiam Richardi Pynson. Folio. 

Lent from the Inner Temple Library. 

Richard Pynson, "in partibus Normandiae oriund," according to the letters 
of naturalization granted him by Henry VIL, came from Rouen. 



SWITZERLAND. 

Munster in Aargau, 1470. 

501. Mamotrectus siue expositio Vocabulorum in Bibliis. Helyas 
Helye alias de Louffen. Ergowie, 1470. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First book printed in Switzerland with a date. 



68 Cajcton Cclebratfon. 

Basle, 1474. 

Bertholdus Rot, one of Gutenberg's associates, or Bemardus Richel, was the first 
printer. One of the most eminent printers in this city was Johannes Froben, who pro- 
duced the first published Greek Testament in 1516, edited by Erasmus. 

502. MiCHAELis de Carchano Mediolanensis Sermonarium Triplica- 
tum. Basileae : Mich. Wenssler, 1479. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College, 

503. MoRALiA Sancti Gregorii. Basileae : Nicolaus Kesler, 1496. 
Folio. Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 

504. Brant. Stultifera Navis. J. B. de Olpe. Basil, 1497. 4to. 

Lent by H, White, Esq. 
Exhibited in Class D. The earliest edition. 

. 505. Novum Testamentum Erasmi. Gr. et Lat. Basil : Froben, 
15 16. Folio. 2 vols. (Vol. I exhibited in Class C). 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of the Greek New Testament, which having been executed, as 
it is reported, in five months, abounds in errors which were corrected in sub- 
sequent editions. 

J. Froben, of Franconia, studied at the University of Basle, where he began 
printing in 1491. He was on terms of intimacy with the "savants" of the 
day, and was highly praised by Erasmus for his generosity and disin- 
terestedness. 

Geneva, 1478. 

The first printer here is unknown, as all the impressions bear no name before 1480, 
in which year Adam Steynschawer was the first to print. 

506. LivRE des Sains Anges. 1478. Folio. " Imprim^ a genefue." 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 
First book printed at Geneva. 



LOW COUNTRIES. 
Utrecht, 1471-73. 

The first town of Holland in which typography was practised. Nic. Ketelaer and 
Gherardus de Leempt were the first printers who put their names or an imprint to their 
books here ; but from the fact that the woodcuts of the "Speculum" (a copy of which 
is exhibited among the Block Books), when first cut up and used to illustrate other 
books, occur in books printed at Utrecht in 1481, it is at least possible that the whole 
group of books printed in the types of the '* Speculum," which were formerly attri- 
buted to Coster, were in reality printed here. A copy of one of these books, now at 
the Hague, was bought during the period 1471-74; they must therefore at least be 
placed back as far as that date. 



Cla00 B.— 3Debelopment (a jforeign Countries* 69 

507. Fasciculus Temponim. Utrecht : J. Veldenaer, 1480. Folio. 

Lent by F. Muller and Co. 

Veldener had already printed at Louvain in 1476, and in 1483 set up a 
press at Culemberg. 

Alost, 1473. 

Johannes de Westfalia, the earliest printer in Belgium, printed his first work here 
in 1473, in conjunction with Thierri Martens. He removed to Louvain between June 
and December, 1474, and continued working there until 1496. Th. Martens, after 
producing one book by himself in October, 1474, ceases altogether until he re-appears 
as a master printer at Alost in 1487, from which time he continued an uninterrupted 
course, either at Alost, Antwerp, or Louvain, for more than forty years. He has been 
called the "Aldus" of the Low Countries. 

508. Speculum Conversionis Peccatorum. Alost, 1473. 4^0- 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First book printed in the Low Countries with a date. 



Bruges, 1476. 

Colard Mansion, a caligraphist of Bruges, left that city in 1469 to learn the art of 
typography, the knowledge of which he subsequently imparted to Caxton. On his 
return to Bruges he commenced printing, about 1476. Only twenty works of his are 
known, and after 1484 nothing more is heard of him. 

509. BoECE de Consolation de Phylosophye. Bruges : Colard Man- 
sion, 1477. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Deventer, 1477. 

510. QuATUOR Novissima. Daventriae per Jacobum de Breda, 1494. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

Delft, 1477. 
Jacob Jacobs zoen and Maurice Yements zoen were the first printers here. 

511. Vetus Testamentum Belgicum. Delft : Jacobs zoen and Yements 
zoen, 1477. 2 vols. Sm. folio. (Vol. i exhibited in Class C). 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

The first and only work known in which these two printers' names appear. 
It does not contain the Book of Psalms. The first impression of the Old 
Testament in Dutch. 

512. Boutillier. Somme rurael — ghepret te Delff in Hollant : 
Jacobsz van der Meer, 1483. Folio. 

Lent by F. Muller and Co, 



70 Carton Celebration. 

GOUDA, 1477. 

The press was first established here by Gerard Leeu, who in 1484 went to 
Antwerp. 

513. Dyalogus creaturanim appellatus jucundis fabulis planus. Per 
gerardum leeu in opido goudensi finitus est 1482. With wood- 
cuts. 4to. Lent by Her Majesty the Qtieen. 

Antwerp, 1482. 

The earliest book known from this town was printed by Mathis van der Goes. 
Gerard Leeu printed here in 1480, and Christopher Plantin, one of the most celebrated 
of the Antwerp printers, produced his first work here in 1555. 

514. Lyndewode, Constitutiones provinciales Anglie. Antwerpie, 1525. 

Lent by Earl Beauchamp. 

Haerlem, 1483. 

The first book printed here bearing a date is ** Lyden ende die Passi. . . . voleyn- 
det tot Haerlem in Hollant 1483 den 10 dach in decembri," 4to., of which only one 
copy is known to exist. On the last leaf Jacob Bellaert's mark appears. 

515. Laurentius. Summe le roy of des Conines summe. Haerlem: 
Jacob Bellaert, 1484. Lent by F. Muller and Co. 

516. Saavedra (Fanardo). Don Riego de. Idea de un principe 
politico Christiano. i2mo. Amst. apud J. Sansonium, 1659. 

Lent by G. Unwin^ Esq. 

Amsterdam, 1523. 

Panzer gives "Luther's New Testament" translated into Dutch, printed by Doen 
Pieterson, 1524, as the earliest specimen. 

517. La Saincte Bible. Amsterdam; chez Louis et Daniel Elzevier, 
1669. Folio. 2 vols. (Vol. I exhibited in Class C.) 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 



SPAIN. 
Seville, 1476. 

Printing was introduced here by three Spaniards — Ant. Martinez, Barth. Segura, 
and Alph. del Puerto. Numerous and valuable works were produced here during the 
fifteenth century. 



Cla00 }B*— SDetelopment m iForeiffit Countn'ejaf* 71 

518. Leyes de Partida. " Imprimidas son estas siete partidas enla 
muy noble t muy leal ciudad de Sevilla por Meynardo Ungut 
Alamanno t Lan^alao Polono conpaneros." 1491. Folio. 

Lent by Lord Hatherley. 

Burgos, 1485. 

The earliest authenticated specimen of Burgos typography was printed by Fride- 
ricus de Basilea in 1485. 

519. CopiLACiON de Leyes. Burgos: Fadrique Aleman, 1488. Folio. 

L^nt by A. Cohn^ Esq. 
A fine specimen of printing by Fridericus de Basilea. 

Toledo, 7486. 

Johannes Vasquez was the first printer, who was succeeded by Juan Tellez in 1495, 
and by Peter Hagembach, a German, in, 1498. 

520. Breviarium secundum regula beati Ysidori dictum Mozarabes 
" Impssum i regali civitate Toleti per magistrum Petru Hagembach 
Alemanu." 1502. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

This copy formerly belonged to Jean Baptiste Colbert. 

Valladolid, 1493. 

Mendez gives this as the approximate date of the introduction of printing at Valla- 
dolid. In 1500 a press was existing in a monastery of this city. 

521. Lectura legum. Valisoleti, 1539. 

Lent by W. H. Rylands, Esq. 

Alcala, 1502. 

Mendez has given us evidence that the Alcala Press was at work in 1502. It will 
ever be famous in the annals of literature from its having given to the world the first 
Polyglot Bible. 

522. BiBLiA Polyglotta Cardinalis Francisci Ximenez. In Complu- 
tensi Universitate. A. de Brocario, 15 14-17. 6 vols. Folio. 

Lent by the President and Governors of Sion College. 
First Polyglot Bible. Printed at the expense of Cardinal Ximenes. Did 
not receive the sanction of Pope Leo X. until 1520 for publication. Copies, 
of which only 600 were printed, were not circulated until 1522. 

TURKEY. 
Constantinople, 1490. 

The earliest printing here was that of the Jews, who are believed to have executed 
Hebrew works until 1 598. In the seventeenth century Metaxa, a Greek, endeavoured 
to establish another printing office, but his attempt was defeated by the Jesuits, and an 
Armenian press brought from Venice was established here, which in a short time the 
janissaries received orders to destroy. The first printed Turkish book appears to 
have been a Turkish- Arabic Lexicon, 1726. 



71 Cajcton Celebratfom 

DENMARK. 

SCHLESWIG. 

522*.Colophon of the first Missal printed in Denmark. Schleswig: 
Stephen Amdes, i486. Lent by Henry Wilson, Esq. 

A Facsimile. 

Copenhagen, 1493. 
Three books are remaining which were executed here in the fifteenth century by 
Gothefridus de Ghemen. 

523. SiiELANTZ Low. Tryckt i Kopehaffn. 1505. 4to. 

ICELAND. 

HOLUM, 1530. 
The first printing place in Iceland was established here imder the auspices of John 
Areson, Bishop of Reikiavik, by Matthiesson, a Swede, who brought with him a 

erinting-press from his native country. The first edition of the Icelandic Bible (ex- 
ibited in Class C.) was printed in 1584. 

523*.Title-page of Icelandic Code of Law. Holum, 1578. 

Lent by Henry Wilson, Esq. 
A Facsimile. 

5 23t.Colophon of Icelandic Code of Law. Holum, 1578. 

Lent by Henry Wilson^ Esq. 
A Facsimile. 

5 23 J. Illustration from the first Bible printed in Iceland, 1584. 

Lent by Henry Wilson, Esq. 
A Facsimile. 

UNITED STATES. 

Cambridge, in Massachusetts, was the cradle of the art of printing in the United 
States. The first book printed here, the Bay Psalm Book, was produced in 1640^ 
by Stephen Daye, a printer, who left England with the Rev. Joseph Glover, a Non- 
conformist minister who proposed to establish a press in New England, but who died 
on the passage out. The Bay Psalm Book may be seen in the collection of Bibles. 

Philadelphia, 1686. 

William Bradford, of Leicester, in England, set up a press near this place, and in 
1689 moved into the city. Benjamin Franklin commenced here the business of a 
printer on his own account, and continued it until 1765. 

524. Analysis of a General Map of the Middle British Colonies in 
America, by Lewis Evans. 4to. Philadelphia, 1755. Printed 
by Benjamin Franklin and D. Hall. Lent by the Earl of Leicester 

A present from Franklin to Thomas, Earl of Leicester. The inscription is in 
Franklin's handwriting when he was a printer at Philadelphia. 

525. Cato Major. Prmted by Benj. Franklin. Lent by G. Tawse, Esq. 

With presentation autograph from Franklin to General Washington. 

Charles Bruce. 



Cla00 B*— aDetelopment in jforeign Countn'ejsf* 73 

Section V. 

PRODUCTIONS OF NATIVE PRESSES IN THE EAST. 

Lent by Nicolas Triibner^ Esq. 

INDIA. 

Bombay Presidency, 

526. .^o^ A«ljbL. Shahnameh Firdusi. The Great Epic of Persia. 
Published at Bombay. With illustrations. In Persian. 

527. Ramayana, the celebrated Poem of Valmiki, with a Commentary 
called Tilaka. Published at Bombay. In Sanskrit. 

528. Bala Bhasha Vyakarana. A Prakrit Grammar. Published at 
Bombay. In Prakrit. 

529. Oriental Eras. Published at Bombay. In Mahrathi. 

530. Bhagavadgita. Bound in silk, Oriental style. Published at 
Bombay. In Sanskrit. 

531. ViKRAMORVASi. Gujarathi edition. Published at Bombay. In 
Gujarathi. 

532. Huzvaresh-Pehlevi Glossary. Published at Bombay. In Huz- 
varesh-Pehlevi. 

533. Gujarathi Huzvaresch Glossary. Published at Bombay. In 
Gujarathi and Huzvaresh. 

534. SiNDHi Primer. Published at Kurachee. In Sindhi. 

North-western Provinces, Punjab, &c. 

535. Kalid i Afghani. Published at Peshawar. In Afghan. 

536. Adi Granth. The Sacred Book of the Sikhs. Published at 
Lahore. In Punjabi. 

537. The Koran. Published at Luckhnow. i6mo. In Arabic 

538. The Koran. Another edition. 8vo. 

539. The Koran. Another edition. 4to. 

540. .^jUil oLfc. Hyat i Afghani History of Afghan. Published at 
Lukhnow. In Hindustani. 

541. .oUyiiJ' L-HilsP 'Ajatb Almakhiakdt The Wonders of Creation. 
With many coloured illustrations. Published at Lucknow. In 
Persian. 



74 Carton Celebration. 

542. .JLJL^^:^' As Sahih li Muslim hy Abul Husain Muslim ben al 
Hajjaj. Published at Mirtah. In Arabic. 

543. .^jji^^ ^ Sahih al Buchari. The most celebrated of the six 

great collections of the traditions about Muhammad. Published 
at Mirtah. In Arabic. 

544. Geographical Description of the Panjab. Published at Lodiana. 
In Panjabi. 

545. Brihat Jataka. An astronomical work. Published at Benares. 
In Sanskrit. 

546. Kasika. Commentary on Panini. Published at Benares. In 
Sanskrit. 

547. SiNGHASANA Battisi. Published at Benares. In Hindi. 

548. Selections (Hindi) by Sivaprasad. Published at Benares. In 
Hindi. 

549. . jil y^y^ Mizan-ul-Hugg. Controversy between Christians and 
Muhammedans. Published at Agra. In Persian. 

550. -L^J*-* *s^ v:;bJi? Gulistan Scheich Sadi. Published at Delhi. 
In Persian. 

551. Romanized Tibetan Dictionary. Published at Kyelang, in British 
Lahoul. In Tibetan. 

Bengal. 

552. Sabdakalpadruma. Large Sanskrit Dictionary, printed at Cal- 
cutta in Bengali characters. Part XVII. (Will be completed in 
about seven 4to. volumes.) In Sanskrit. 

553. Vachaspatya. Sanskrit Dictionary by Taranatha Tarkavachas- 
pati. Part VIII. Published at Calcutta. In Sanskrit. 

554. Vratamala. Published at Calcutta, In Bengali. 

555. Uriya. Historical Books. Published at Serampore. In Uriya. 

556. Dictionary. Assamese and English. Published by M. Bron- 
son at Sibsagor. In Assamese and English. 

557. Bruckner, Javaansche Spraakkunst. Published at Serampore. 
In Javanese. 

Madras. 

558. Mahabharata. The great Epic Poem. Sanskrit printed in 
Telugu characters at Madras. Vol. I. In Sanskrit. 



Cla00 B>— SDetjelopment in jforeign Countries. 75 

559. DuKHNEE Unwari Soheilee. A Translation into the Dukhnee 
tongue of Unwari Soheilee. Published at Madras. In Dukhnee. 

560. The Gural of Tiruvalluvar in Tamil. Printed at Madras. In 
Tamil. 

561. Tamil Dictionary. Printed at Jaffna. In Tamil. 

562. Malayalam Grammar, by Gundert. Printed at Mangalore. In 
Malayalam. 

563. Bhaktisara. Printed at Mangalore. In Canarese. 

564. Nagavarma's Canarese Prosody, by Kittel. Published at Man- 
galore. In Canarese. 

565. Grammatica Canarico-Latina a Bouteloup. Published at Banga- 
lore. In Canarese. 

Ceylon. 

566. Balavataro. Pali Grammar in Cinghalese characters. Printed 
at Colombo. In Pali. 

567. Singaleesch Boek. Published at Colombo. In Cinghalese. 

British Burma, 

568. Mahagarzathatgyee. Published at Rangoon. In Burmese. 

569. Holy Bible in Sgau Karen. Published at Tavoy. In Karen. 

SIAM. 

570. Treaty of Friendship between Great Britain and Siam. Pub- 
lished at Bangkok. In Siamese. 

INDIAN ARCHIPELAGO. 
Batavia. 

571. ..jfaJl J^\ Religious Book. Printed at Batavia. In Malay. 

572. Riedel, Inih e Beke. Printed at Batavia. In Malay dialect. 

573. New Testament. Printed at Singapore. In Malay. 

CHINA. 

574. K'ang-Hsi Tzu Tien. K'ang-Hsi's large Chinese Dictionary. 40 
vols, in 6 cloth cases. Printed at Peking in 1 7 1 7. In Chinese. 

575. New Testament in Chinese. 2 vols. Printed at Shanghai. In 
Chinese. 

576. Chinese Bookseller's Catalogue of Works in Chinese, Mandschou, 
and Tibetan. 



76 Cajcton Celebration* 

577. Impressions from a Lapidary Inscription at Keu Young-Kwan, 
in six different kinds of character. In Chinese, &c 

578. Map of Chinese Turkistan. Two sheets. 

579. Chin Kang ku jo po lo mi ching. Buddhist Ritual. In 
Chinese. 

JAPAN. 

580. Yedo Encyclopaedia. 2 vols. Illustrated. In Japanese. 

PERSIA. 

581. The Koran, with Persian Interlinear Translation. Published at 
Teheran, 1260, a.h. In Arabic and Persian. 

582. Scripture Geography and Chronology. In modem Syriac. 
Published by the Missionaries at Ooromiah, 1856. In modern 
Syriac 

SYRIA AND PALESTINE. 

583. .k^' kj^ Mohit ul Mohit. The Ocean of the Ocean. By 
Butrus al Bustany. Vol. I. Printed at Beyrout In Arabic. 

584. .j\tti)l\ Jj\ Athar ul Adhar. General Dictionary in Arabic, by 
Selim Gibrail el Churi and Selim M. Shahadah. Parts i and 2. 
Printed at Beyrout. In Arabic. 

585. .c)ji-i>ij» Tryodion. Liturgy in Arabic Published at Jerusalem. 
In Arabic. 

TURKEY. 

586. Ottoman Chronicles, by Vacif Effendi. Printed at Constanti- 
nople. In Turkish. 

587. AvEDAPEZ. Protestant Armenian Newspaper. Published at 
Constantinople, 1859. In Armenian. 

EGYPT. 

588. .^j/Jl ^ Taj ul Ariis min jawahei il Qam{is. Large Arabic 
Dictionary. Five volumes hitherto published at Bulaq. In 
Arabic. 

TUNIS. 

589. .U»jll El Muwatti, by the Imam Mlllik Ibn Anas. Printed at 
Tunis. In Arabic. 





Class C. 

THE HISTORY OF PRINTING ILLUSTRATED 

BY THE PRINTED BIBLE, 1450— 1877. 

By Henry Stevens, g m b, f s a. 

JHE secular history of the Holy Scriptures is the sacred 
history of Printing. The Bible was the first book printed, 
and the Bible is the last book printed. Between 1450 and 
1877, an interval of four centuries and a quarter, the 
Bible shows the progress and comparative development of 
the art of printing in a manner that no other single book can ; and 
Biblical bibliography proves that during the first forty years, at least, the 
Bible exceeded in amount of printing all other books put together ; nor 
were its quality, style, and variety a whit behind its quantity. 

The honour of producing the first, and, as many think, the most 
perfect book, is now ascribed to Gutenberg alone. Fust not coming in 
for a share of the credit of the invention until after his famous lawsuit in 
1455, when the Bible had been finished. We call it, therefore, the 
Gutenberg Bible, and have no sympathy for any French name 
given to it simply because a copy found in a Paris library had the 
honour of being described by a French bookseller. After this suit, when 
Fust took over the business and associated Schoeffer with himself, there 
was probably a dispersion of the craft from Mentz to Bamberg, Strasburg, 
and other places, just as there subsequently was when Mentz in 1462 was 
besieged and taken by Adolphus, Duke of Nassau. 

As the Art spread from Mentz throughout Germany, Italy, France, and 



78 Cajcton Celebrarfon* 

the Low Countries, the Bible was generally the first, or among the first 
books printed by each of the early printers, though unquestionably during 
the progress of these great volumes through the press the several presses 
threw off a variety of smaller pieces, especially Indulgences and other ty- 
pical or typographical aids of the Church, some of which perchance might 
bear dates earlier than the Bibles themselves, which were on the anvils 
at the same time. 

Some half-dozen huge folio Bibles in Latin and German, besides the 
magnificent Psalters of 1457 and 1459, had appeared in type before a 
single volume of the Classics saw the " new lamp for the new learning." 
First and foremost of the ancient Classics came forth Cicero's De Officiis^ 
in 1465, a little volume about the size of the Book of Genesis, followed 
soon after by his De Oratore and Episiolce ad Familiares, Then came the 
ever-popular Virgil and Caesar in 1469, and Pliny the Elder the next year. 
Ovid followed in 147 1, and Valerius Maximus in 1472. Petrarch, Dante, 
and Boccaccio were fortunate enough among the modern classics to be 
set in type in 1470, 147 1, and 1472, while the Canterbury Tales of 
Chaucer appeared some five or six years later from the press of 
Caxton. The first book in Greek came from the Milan press in 1476, 
followed by the first Greek classic author, dear old ^sop, in 1480, while 
the great Homer himself (reminding one of his own grim joke of Poly- 
phemus) was held back and not devoured by the press till 1488. 

In a word, up to the time of the discovery of America, m 1492, Colum- 
bus might have counted upon his fingers all the old classic authors 
(including Ptolemy and Strabo in their unbecoming Latin dress) who 
could throw any geographical light on the questions which the Great 
Discoverer was discussing with the theologians of Spain ; while, covering 
the same period, the editions of the Bible alone, and the parts thereof, 
in many languages and countries, will sum up not far less than one 
thousand, and the most of these of the largest and costliest kind. 

We have been endeavouring for the last quarter of a century or more 
to compile as complete a list of printed Bibles and Parts of Bibles as 
possible from the earliest period to the present time, and the remarkable 
result is a table of some 30,000 titles, representing about 35,000 volumes. 
By throwing all this vast store of Biblical bibliography into one strictly 
chronological list, we see at a glance what Biblical work was going on in 
every part of the world under each year, or any given year, and compara- 
tively how the production of the Holy Scriptures in one country or 
language ranged with those of another. We see, for instance, that all 
the earliest printed Bibles were in the Latin Vulgate, the first complete 
edition of the Septuagint not having been issued from the press of Aldus 
till the year 15 18, the very year of the 14th German Bible. 

The earliest printed Bibles in the modern European languages were the 
first and second German Bibles by Mentelin and Eggesteyn, of Strasburg, 



Cla00 C— l^olp &cripturt0. 79 

of rather uncertain date, but certainly not later than 1466. In 147 1 ap- 
peared at Venice two translations into Italian — the one by Malermi, 
printed by Vindelin de Spira, and the other by Nicolas Jenson. In 1477 
was printed the first New Testament in French by Buyer, at Lyons, and 
the same year appeared the first edition of the Old Testament in Dutch, 
printed at Delft by Jacob Jacobs zoen and Mauritius Yemants zoen. In 
1480 was published the splendid Bible in the Saxon or Low German 
language, from the press of Heinrich Quentel, of Cologne, followed by 
a second edition in 1491, and a third in 1494. The Psalms, in Dutch, 
first came out in 1480, in small octavo, and in Greek and Latin in 1481, 
while the first Hebrew Pentateuch appeared in 1482. The entire Bible 
done into French paraphrase was published by Guyard de Moulins in 
1487. A full translation appeared in the Bohemian language, printed at 
Prague in 1488. The same year appeared the entire Old Testament in 
Hebrew from the press of Abraham ben Chayim de' Tintori, at Soncino. 

This chronological arrangement shows us also many noteworthy points, 
such as that nearly all the earliest Bibles were huge folios ; that the first 
Bibles printed at Rome and Venice appeared in 147 1, and that the sixth 
German Bible by G. Zainer, in 1475, at Augsburg, was the first with the 
leaves folioed or numbered ; that the first quarto Bible appeared in 1475, 
printed by John Peter de Ferratis at Placentia, which was also the 
first book printed at Placentia; that the first of Coburger's celebrated 
Bibles appeared in Nuremberg in 1475, ^^^ that by the end of the cen- 
tury no less than thirteen large folio Bibles had come from this house 
alone ; that the four splendid Bibles printed in 1476 all bear the printers' 
signatures, though it is difficult to say with certainty which was the first 
— viz., that of Moravus at Naples, Jenson at Venice, Gering, Crantz, 
and Friburger at Paris, or that of F. de Hailbrun and N. de Frankfordia 
at Venice ; that the first Bible with a distinct title-page was printed at 
Venice, by George de Ravabenis in 1487, in small quarto ; and that the 
first Bible in small octavo, or " the poor man's Bible," was the earliest, 
or among the earliest books, from the press of Johann Froben, of Basle, 
in 1 49 1, and is certainly one of the neatest and tidiest Bibles in our 
Collection. This splendidly illuminated and bound copy is lent us from 
the Bodleian Library. 

Prior to the discovery of America no less than twelve grand patri- 
archal editions of the entire Bible, being of several different transla- 
tions, appeared from time to time in the German language ; to which 
add the two editions by the Otmars of Augsburg of 1507 and 15 18, and 
we have the total number of no less than fourteen distinct large folio pre- 
Reformation, or ante-Lutheran Bibles. No other language except the 
Latin can boast of anything like this number. 

As the discovery of America was the greatest of all discoveries, so the 
invention of the Art of Printing may be called the greatest of all in- 



8o Caxton Celebration* 

ventions. But no sooner had Columbus reported his grand discovery 
through the press than the Pope assumed the whole property in the un- 
known parts of the earth, and divided it all at once between the two 
little Powers in the Peninsula, wholly disregarding the rights and titles of the 
other nations of Europe. The same little game of assumption has been 
tried, from time to time, with regard to this great invention, but the press 
has a protective power within itself, which the Church can smother only 
with ignorance and mental darkness. 

From this rapid survey it will be apparent that our earliest Bibles, 
many of them printed most sumptuously on vellum, must have each cost 
the price of a farm. Later they could be had for a cow, but now a morn- 
ing's milking of a cow will procure for a farmer a first-class well-bound 
Bible in his own language. 

At this late day it is difficult to arrive at the precise dates of several 
of the earliest and most important printed Bibles, most of the dates 
having been first assumed by bibliographers without sufficient authority, 
and subsequently followed by others without inquiry. From an inscrip- 
tion by one Cremer, the illuminator and binder of the Gutenberg Bible, 
now in the National Library of Paris, we know positively that the book 
was printed before August, 1456. From another inscription in a copy of 
Pfister's Bible, also in the Paris Library, the work is assigned to Bamberg, 
before 1461, but the church register of Bamberg shows that this Bible 
was printed prior to March, 1460. More recently it has been announced 
and confirmed that the copy of the first of Mentelin's Latin Bibles, in the 
Library of Freiburg in Breisgau, bears an inscription by the rubricator 
showing that these important volumes had been printed prior to 1460 
and 1461. 

With these new data, and a new scrutiny by the light of recent biblio- 
graphy, and new comparisons of our undated Bibles with books of 
positive dates and known printers, brought together, like the present 
Caxton Memorial Collection, to say nothing of the great aid derived from 
our recent photo-bibliography, or means of safely comparing books in one 
library with those of another, it is to be hoped that the day of more exact 
bibliography is at hand. It will not surprise us to find that the order of 
printing of the first seven of the great German Bibles, all of which are 
without dates, may be hereafter somewhat modified, or that our new 
scrutiny may even yet develop new or unrecognized editions in every de- 
partment of Biblical research. 

We therefore, for the extraordinary opportunity afforded us for com- 
paring and collating rare Bibles and other valuable books in this unique 
Caxton Memorial Collection, tender herewith our warmest thanks to each 
and all of our contributors, and more especially to Her Majesty the Queen, 
His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, the Earl Spencer, Earl of Jersey, Earl 
of Leicester, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Curators of the Bodleian 



Cla52(0 C^—l^olp &tn'ptuct0. 8i 

Library, the University Library, Cambridge, the University Library, Edin- 
burgh, Sion College, the British and Foreign Bible Society, the Advocates' 
Library, Edinburgh, the Signet Library, Edinburgh, Mr. W. Amhurst Tys- 
sen-Amhurst, Mr. Francis Fry, Mr. David Laing, Mr. Thomas Longman, 
Mrs. Jolyffe, the Rev. Dr. Gott, Vicar of Leeds, the Dean of St. Paul's, 
Mr. Henry White, Rev. Dr. Ginsburg, Mr. M. Ridgway, Mr. E. 
S. Kowie, Mr. C. D. Sherborn, Mr. J. Mathers, Mr. George Tawse, Rev. 
L. B. Kaspar, Sir Charles Reed, Mr. H. Cleaver, the University Press, 
Cambridge, the University Press, Oxford, Mr. Thomas Stapleton, Mr. 
A. Gardyner, Messrs. Bagster and Sons, Messrs. Spottiswoode and Co., 
and others ; but still more are our thanks due to Mr. Henry J. Atkinson, 
who has liberally lent us above four hundred editions of :he Bible in all 
languages. Some of these editions are of very considerable rarity and 
value, while others, though not of the choicest or rarest kind, are, very 
many of them, of the middle class of Biblical Bibliography, which are so 
difficult to meet with and which are of such immense importance to the 
student in arriving at a clear history of editions, versions, and transla- 
tions. Scores of these editions are not in our national library, and we 
know not where else to lay our hands upon them. 

Our collection boasts of nearly all the earliest and most famous Bibles 
and Psalters, together with representative editions of the later revisions, 
translations, versions, and languages down to the present time, to the 
extraordinary number of above one thousand editions. This unexpected 
and overwhelming liberaHty of our patrons has very nearly overwhelmed 
and buried the arranger and cataloguer, but he trusts that great biblio- 
graphical good will eventually result from this rare opportunity of com- 
parison, collation, and scrutiny. Rare Bibles, early New Testaments, the 
Psalms, and other parts of the Scriptures are, it is well known, scattered 
all over the country ; and we trust that people who possess them will 
bring or send up these lost children, and have them identified and pro- 
perly registered. We shall willingly undertake this additional labour for 
the sake of the opportunity of discovering new and hitherto undescribed 
editions. 

The famous collection of Bibles in the Royal Library of Stuttgard is 
said to exceed eight thousand editions ; but by comparison of the 
catalogue of our present Caxton Celebration Collection with the catalogue 
by Adler, printed in 1787, the patient and curious reader will see that 
more than one-half of our collection is not represented at Stuttgard. So 
likewise of the extraordinarily rich collection of some five thousand titles 
of Bibles in the library of Wolfenbiittel. The collection of Bibles and 
parts thereof in the Lenox Library of New York in all languages, is pro- 
bably unsurpassed in rare and valuable editions, especially in the English 
language, by any library, public or private. Mr. Francis Fry, of Bristol, 
the indefatigable collector, has succeeded in bringing together above one 



82 Ca;cton Celebration* 

thousand editions of the English Bible, Testaments, Psalms, &c., most 
of them prior to 1700, to say nothing of above one hundred editions in 
ancient and foreign languages. The Rev. Dr. Ginsburg, of Wokingham, 
possesses a unique collection, astonishingly rich in early and rare Latin, 
German and Hebrew Bibles and parts thereof, including, we believe, the 
whole fourteen pre-Reformation German Bibles, and almost every edition 
of Luther's early Bibles and parts, the genuine as well as the counterfeit 
editions. Besides these his collection contains many other editions in 
other languages, both ancient and modern, to the extent, in all, of be- 
tween two and three thousand editions ; and, what is of infinite import- 
ance to Bible and bibliographical students, the Doctor makes his 
collection as free to them as to himself. But the Library of the British 
Museum to-day contains probably by far the richest collection of Bibles 
and Parts thereof in the world, numbering at present above sixteen 
thousand titles; but even this our Caxton Celebration Collection, so 
hastily brought together, contains very many editions not to be found in 
our national library. 

Notwithstanding the active research of many eminent scholars for the 
last three centuries. Biblical Bibliography is even now but in its infancy. 
The subject is so vast that no general bibliographer can more than 
indicate certain special and prominent editions. It is now more than 
one hundred and fifty years since Le Long published in Latin the last 
edition of his bibliography of the Bible. The work was excellent in its 
day, but very imperfect in many departments, especially English. About 
a century ago Masch re-edited and vastly improved certain parts of 
Le Long, especially the editions of the Bible in the ancient languages. 
He left the work, however, unfinished ; so that for Bibles in most of the 
modern languages we have still to refer to Le Long. 

In this brief sketch of the History of Printing, as illustrated by the 
reproduction of the Bible by moveable types, we have left ourselves 
space merely to allude to the first five editions of Erasmus's New Testa- 
ment in Greek and Latin, 1516-35, a work which marks the beginning 
of a new era in Biblical bibliography ; to the Psalter of Giustiniani in 
five languages, printed at Genoa in 15 16, with the first life of Columbus 
in the long note on the nineteenth Psalm, in which are given some im- 
portant particulars of Columbus's second voyage along the southern 
coast of Cuba, nowhere else to be found ; to the first Bible in Greek, 
the Septuagint from the press of Aldus of Venice, in 1518 ; and above 
all to the first Great Polyglot Bible of Cardinal Ximenes, printed at 
Alcala in six large folio volumes between the years 15 14 and 15 17, 
though not published till 1520, the most memorable monument of typo- 
graphy the world had yet seen. Nothing less than the inpouring wealth 
of the Indies, combined with the overbearing power of Ximenes, at that 
time could have collected the manuscripts, collated and edited them, 



and printed these splendid volumes in such a sumptuous manner in the 
short space of fifteen years ! While Ximenes was building up this great 
monument in Spain, Wolsey was about building Hampton Court. Two 
Cardinal virtues ! It would be curious to inquire which cost the more 
money, the Polyglot or the Palace, and which won the greater honour ! 

This brings our nmning narration down to the time of Luther, Pro- 
testant Germany, and Scripture-hungry England. The presses of Caxton 
and his successors had been more than half-a-centur)' in operation, and 
yet not a chapter of the Bible had ever appeared, as such, printed in the 
English language. It is true that in his Golden Legend Caxton had 
printed in 1483 in English nearly the whole of the Pentateuch, and a 
great part of the Gospels, under the guise of the lives of Adam, Abraham, 
Moses, the Apostles, and others ; but all was mingled with so much of 
priestly gloss and dross that though probably read in churches it was never 
recognized as the Holy Scriptures. The Liber Festivalis of 1483 con- 
tained also some Scripture paraphrases ; and in 1509 Wynkyn de Worde 
printed a fine edition of the Apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus. These 
were the nearest approaches that the English people made to the printed 
Bible in our own tongue. It is true that many copies of the Bible and 
New Testament translated into English by Wycliffe and his followers were 
scattered throughout the country in manuscript, and had given educated 
people and persons of quality a taste of the Book of Books. 

It is not unlikely that had not the bones of Wycliffe, buried in the 
little churchyard of Luttenvorth, been dug up and burnt, and his ashes 
cast into the Swift, by order of the Council of Constance, under the 
pious protective benevolence of the Church and priesthood, in the first 
quarter of the fifteenth century, Caxton in the last quarter of the 
same century might have begun in England his great work of printing, 
like most of the great printers of the Continent, with the Bible in his 
native tongue, and thus have modernized Wycliffe's Bible, and cast it 
into another and a rapider Swift. 

But Caxton was prudent and wise, as well as a man of business. He 
had witnessed the storm, and recognized the obstructive and selfish 
power which gloried in mental darkness, and taught ignorance as the 
peculiar knowledge and birthright of the people. It was a part of the 
same piece of priestly wisdom that a few years later gave itself utterance 
in a sermon at Paul's Cross, in these ever-memorable words : " We must 
root out printing, or printing will root out us." So Caxton and his suc- 
cessors, taking the prudent and business-like course, printed what was 
most likely to sell in peace ; and so the Scriptures in our vernacular tongue 
saw not the dawn in England, but awaited the broad daylight of the Re- 
formation, in the second quarter of the sixteenth century, long after they 
were familiar to the Germans, the Italians, the Dutch, and the Bohemians. 

The educated of England, however, were not ignorant of the Scrip- 



84 Cajcton Celebratfon. 

tures, for Coburger of Nuremberg, and probably other continental 
printers, had established warehouses in London, for the sale of Latin 
Bibles, as early as 1480, and perhaps earlier. There is an instructive 
letter in the Public Record Office from Coverdale and Grafton to Crom- 
well, written from Paris the 12th of September, 1538, in behalf of their 
host, Francis Regnault, who was then printing the "Great Bible" for 
them : " Where as of long tyme he [Regnault] hath bene an occupier into 
England more than xl. yere, he hath allwayes provyded soche bookes for 
England, as they moost occupied, so y* he hath a great nombre at this 
present in his handes as Prymers in Englishe, Missoles w' other soche 
like : wherof now (by y' company of y^ Booksellers in London) he is 
utterly forbydden to make sale, to the utter undoying of the man. 
Wherfore most humbly we beseke yo"^ lordshippe to be gracious and 
favourable unto him, y* he may have lycence to sell those which he hath 
done allready, so y* hereafter he prynte no moo in the english tong, 

onlesse he have an english man y* is lerned, to be his correcto' 

Yf yo' 1. shewe him this benefyte we shall not fare the worse in the 
readynesse and due expedicion of this yo' 1. worke of the Byble, which 
goeth well fonvarde, and within few moneths will drawe to an ende," etc. 

From the time of Luther the Continent was filled with new and 
cheaper issues of the Bible and every part of it, not only in Latin and 
Greek, but in the modern languages. The history of Bible printing in 
Germany, Switzerland, and the Low Countries, though in many instances 
opposed and even prohibited, remains no secret or mystery. The French 
and Italians printed extensively in the ancient languages, but the Church 
managed to have small call for the Scriptures in the vulgar tongues which 
the people could read and comprehend. The history of Luther's own 
translations and publications of the Scriptures, 1522-34, first by instal- 
ments as fast as he could get the parts ready, then by revisions and 
complete works in 1534, is well known. But the bibliography of Luther's 
early pieces, counterfeits, reprints, &c., requires careful revision. Again, 
much is to be still settled in the Biblical bibliography of the many edi- 
tions of the Bible and parts thereof, in various languages, printed by 
Froschover of Zurich, from his little i6mo. Swiss-German Bible, in five 
vols, 1527-29, and his folio revision of Luther in five parts, 1525-29, the 
Prophets and Apocrypha done by Leo Jude, Zwingle, and others. 

The story of the learned Robert Stephens and the printing of his 
Bibles and New Testaments in Paris, as told by the late M. Finnin 
Didot, is one of the most interesting in the literary history of printing 
and printers. Yet though encouraged, protected, and favoured by 
Francis as far as any king could protect a subject against the wiles of the 
Church, at last poor Stephens was driven in exile to Geneva for his Bibles 
and Testaments; so that to this day the Bibles and Testaments of 
Robert Stephens remain the glory and the shame of France. 



Cla00 C— l^olp &criptureja(* 85 

Germany was not only boiling over for liberty and free Scriptures, but 
scholars of advanced thoughts flocked thither from all parts of the world. 
But Flanders was the paradise of printers, and Antwerp, at this time, the 
very centre of it, because it enjoyed some special privileges for its 
citizens within their own dwellings, by which the Burgomaster could 
resist imperial authority, and disregard imperial emissaries. Any 
Belgian could print what he liked, and sell it if he could at home and 
abroad. Hence, disregarding the counsel of St. Paul, according to an 
old translator, against " making marchandize of the Word of God," it 
became an extensive and lucrative business of the Low Countries to 
supply England and France with printed Bibles and Testaments in their 
own languages. Besides this, the Flemings themselves fanned the Re- 
formation by producing a very large number of Bibles in their own 
language, for their own consumption, between 1520 and 1550, though 
the Emperor's Ordinance of 1529 was very stringent against heretical 
or Lutheran books and anonymous printing of all kinds, especially the 
Holy Scriptures in the vulgar tongues. 

Finally the high tide of the Reformation reached England in 1526 in 
the shape of a beautiful New Testament in English by William Tyndale. 
The people soon got a taste of the Word of God in their own language, 
and a Christian Association was formed in London to read and circulate 
the Scriptures even in the Universities. Here read the stories of Garret 
and Dalaber. Within the first ten years probably as many as fifteen dis- 
tinct editions of Tyndale's New Testament in English, of not less than 
three thousand copies each, were printed and sold. Tyndale himself 
living abroad ran the gauntlet of persecution as few men had done, being 
driven from place to place for six or seven years, till he was found out 
and hunted down in 1534, imprisoned in May, 1535, and burnt in 
1536. The public demand for his Testaments was very great, and no 
power could check their importation, sale, and consumption. Edition 
after edition appeared silently in England, but from whence nobody 
cared to inquire. They were certainly not printed in England. Tyndale 
himself was scented and ferreted out by English emissaries sent abroad 
for the purpose, and run down like a wolf Even his friends and fol- 
lowers in England who could be proved, to have read or to possess even 
a New Testament were also hunted through London and the Universi- 
ties as the greatest of criminals ; and this, too, even after the King had 
replaced the Pope and become the chief head of the Church of England. 
But all this raid and tirade of the learned doctors of divinity against 
Scripture readers only lowered the Church whilst it raised the people. 
Bibles, Psalms, Testaments, and other parts of the Bible thenceforth 
increased in England to an extent wholly unknown in any other country 
or nation. Though late in getting possession of themselves and their 
liberties, the people of England succeeded to a surprising degree ; basing 



86 Carton Cclcbcation. 

their rights and liberties more on their Bibles than anything else. No 
wonder, then, that the editions of the Bible in English, since 1535, 
have not only outnumbered those of any other jiation, but in the aggre- 
gate, including America, exceed those of all other languages. 

With all these vast accumulations of Bibles and Biblical history, 
what is at present the extent of our positive knowledge concerning the 
history and production of our early English Bibles and Testaments prior 
to 1550, or even later? More than a hundred industrious writers from 
the time of Lewis to to-day, have ransacked every corner of Christendom 
in search of facts respecting Tyndale, Coverdale, and Rogers. In 
a wonderfully small degree they have gleaned a few items respecting the 
persecuted Tyndale and his New Testaments, but many of these facts 
require confirmation. As to Coverdale and our first Complete English 
Bible, finished the 4th of October, 1535, the most precious volume 
IN OUR LANGUAGE, what do we know? Absolutely next to nothing. 
The volume itself tells us the day it was finished, but where it was 
printed, or by whom, or for whom, or under what circumstances, no his- 
torian or bibliographer has as yet given us any trustworthy information. 
No literary mystery for the past three centuries has elicited so much 
inquiry, or so many investigators, especially of late and latest years ; yet 
up to the opening day of this Caxton Celebration, the 30th of June, 
1877, all is but mere conjecture. Some have assigned the production of 
the volume to Lubeck, others to Frankfort, still others to Zurich, Ham- 
burg, Cologne, Worms, Strasburg, and even Marlboro in the land of 
Hesse ; while some say that it came from the press of Egenolph, others 
detect in it the master hand of Froschover, and still others attribute it to 
Quentel or some one else ; but all to no purpose. The very variety of 
these conjectures proves their falsity, and shows that they are really and 
truly mere conjectures, without the slightest base or foundation. 

The woodcuts used in the " Coverdale Bible " have indeed been traced 
into the possession of James Nicolson, printer in St. Thomas's Hospital, 
Southwark, in 1535, but not a scrap of the type used in that first English 
Bible has ever yet, so far as we can learn, been seen or identified in any 
other book printed at home or abroad. We have ourself, for more than 
a quarter of a century, spent much time in comparing translations, type, 
cuts, initial letters, and the general and particular style and make-up of 
various Continental printers, mousing and groping among old books of all 
sorts, in search of traces of Coverdale in 1534 and 1535. The results are 
numerous, but entirely negative. We have had the satisfaction, from 
time to time, of narrowing down the field of research, and positively con- 
vincing ourself, first, that the book could not have come from the press 
of Egenolph, then of Froschover, and so on, but never a bit of positive 
testimony has greeted our eyes in favour of the true story. But at last, 
when all our researches for new bi!>liographical fields to explore had been 



€la^^ C— ll?olp ^crfpture^. 87 

exhausted, and just as we were forced to the conclusion that no analytical 
exploration was ever likely to reward us, the long-kept secret dropped 
into our open mouth of its own mere motion and ripeness, as if it desired 
to be in time for the Caxton Celebration. We comprehended the whole 
story in a minute, and realized it instantly -with a thrill of delight we can 
never attempt to describe, though it showed us how utterly vain and un- 
profitable all our researches and comparisons of type, cuts, paper, water- 
marks, inks, and other printer's etcetera had been. The naked facts 
were before us in all their simplicity and truthfulness before we had time 
to understand how far away our historical and antiquarian investigations, 
primed by our so-called human reason, had drifted us. 

Let us now return to Coverdale and his Bible. In his Preface to 
the Reader, Coverdale says, " For the which cause (accordynge as I was 
desyred anno 1534) I toke the more vpon me to s^t forth this specyall 
translacyon." This important date, "anno 1534," was interpolated in 
Froschover's [Hester's] edition of 1550, no doubt on good authority. 
Coverdale also informs us, in the first paragraph of his Preface to the 
Reader, after alluding manifestly to Tyndale, or perhaps to George 
Joye, " which were not onely of rype knowledge, but wold also with al 
theyr hartes haue perfourmed that they beganne eyf they had not had 
impediment," etc. *' These and other reasonable causes considered, I 
was the more bold to take it in hande." He then tells us that various 
translations were put into his hands which he was glad to " followe for the 
most parte, accordynge as I was requyred. But to saye the trueth before 
God, it was nether my laboure ner desyre to haue this worke put in 
my hande ; neuertheles it greued me y* other nacyos shulde be more 
plenteously prouyded for with y* Scripture in theyr mother tongue then we ; 
therfore whan I was instantly requyred, though I coulde not do so well 
as I wolde, I thought it yet my dewtye to do my best." Again, in his 
Dedication to King Henry VIH., Coverdale says, " as the holy goost 
moued other men to do the cost herof, so was I boldened in God, to 
laboure in the same." These and several other expressions and explana- 
tions of Coverdale — in some of which he speaks of the translation as his 
own, and in others of himself, as being employed or required to " set 
forth," that is, to see the translation through the press — have been com- 
mented upon scores of times, but always without satisfaction. 

But all these mysterious extracts will read much clearer when we add 
that there was at that time a certain young man of position living in Ant- 
werp, a great linguist, of good education and natural endowments — so 
high indeed as to enable him "to distinguish well light from darkness," 
that is, to be a Protestant, who was the "begetter" of this "specyall transla- 
cyon." In his youth he had been taught the art of printing ; and in 
manhood his chosen profession or business, in which he manifested great 
zeal, was in producing at Antwerp a translation of the Bible into English 



88 Cajctoa Celebration. 

" for the advancement of the Kingdom of Christ in England," says his 
biographer ; " and for this purpose he employed a certain learned scJiolar 
named Miles Coverdale." 

This simple statement, which we believe to be perfectly authentic, and 
which has been lying under our noses in most of our libraries for two 
centuries and a half unnoticed, narrows the matter down to Antwerp, and 
assigns the honour of producing our first English Bible to that city, an 
honour which will be acknowledged by coming generations of English- 
men as well as Americans, who, while they inquire, with guide-book in 
hand, for the pictures of Rubens, will not forget the home of Jacob van 
Meteren, the probable translator of our first Bible, who employed Miles 
Coverdale to " set forth" and father " this specyall translacyon." All 
honour to Miles Coverdale, the learned scholar, the modest self-sacrificing 
student, the earnest simple-hearted Christian, who was unquestionably 
the best proof-reader and corrector of his age ; to whom, perhaps, more 
than any other one man of his time, William Tyndale himself not 
excepted, the English language owes a debt of gratitude for its clearness, 
pointedness, and simplicity. That he left in this our first complete 
English Bible some few foreignisnts and some inverted English is not 
surprising when we find that the dozen corps of revisers since have not 
seen fit or been able to exclude them. 

Coverdale's duties and responsibilities in revising and setting forth 
this special translation at Antwerp in 1534-35, at the cost and charges of 
Jacob van Meteren, who was also, we believe, its original translator 
out of " Douche and Latyn" into English, were, we take it, precisely 
the same as when in 1537-38 he revised and set forth the Great; Bible 
in Paris at the cost and charges of Grafton and Whitchurch. In the 
latter case he was the nominee of Thomas Cromwell, and similarly, we 
suppose, when he was "instantly required" at Antwerp in 1534, he 
received his appointment through Cromwell, who, it is well known, since 
15 10 had been in close and confidential personal connection with affairs 
of the English Company of Adventurers at Antwerp. From 1527 
to 1539 we know that Coverdale was on the most friendly and cordial 
terms with Cromwell, yielding his mind, his services, and his judgment 
to that great statesman, so much so that in 1535 he was probably the 
only man who would have been allowed to put his name to a dedication 
to the King, and Preface to the Reader of an English Bible. He was 
employed and required not only to revise and see the Bible through the 
press, but to father the translation. 

There are a few interesting circumstances which we may not omit 
even here, respecting Jacob van Meteren, his family and connections. 
About the year 1480 William Ortelius and his family, on account of 
their religion, removed from Augsburg to Antwerp, where the family 
became one of the most distinguished. Not long after there removed 



Cla00 C— Igolp Scripture^. 89 

from Breda to Antwerp Cornelius van Meteren and his family. Jacob, 
the son of Cornelius van Meteren, married in 1534 (?) Ottilia, the 
accomplished daughter of William Ortelius, and aunt to the afterwards 
famous Abraham Ortelius, the Geographer. 

These two Protestant families were very intimate, and were soon after 
joined, by intermarriage, by an Englishman named John Rogers, alias 
Thomas Matthew. Rogers had nominally taken the post of Chaplain 
to the English Company of Adventurers, which had been held by Tyn- 
dale, and perhaps by Coverdale. Tyndale having had, as all the world 
knows, " impediment " in producing the Bible, Coverdale " was the more 
bold to take it in hande." But Van Meteren soon found new and greater 
impediment. The London bookbinders and stationers, finding the 
market filled with foreign books, especially Testaments, made complaint 
in 1533-34, and petitioned for relief; in consequence of which a statute 
was passed compelling foreigners to sell their editions entire to some 
London stationer in sheets, so that the binders might not suffer. This 
new law was to come into operation about the beginning of 1535. In 
consequence of this law, Jacob van Meteren, as his Bible approached 
completion, was obliged to come to London to sell the edition. We 
have reason to believe that he sold it to James Nicolson of Southwark, 
who not only bought the entire edition, but the woodcuts, and probably 
the punches and type ; but if the latter, they were doubtless lost in trans- 
mission, as they have never turned up in any shape since. All the copies 
of the Coverdale Bible, in the original condition, as far as we know, 
have appeared in English binding, thus confirming this law of 1534. 

White Van Meteren was absent in England, in 1535, the Imperial 
authorities. Instigated probably by some of the English emissaries at Ant- 
werp, went to the house of Van Meteren to search it, ostensibly for the per- 
son of Leonard Ortelius, the father of Abraham, and the uncle of Ottilia, to 
arrest him as a Lutheran, but really to search for forbidden books, such as 
English Bibles and New Testaments. The searchers, who were harsh and 
cruel, gave Madame Ottilia great alarm. She prayed fervently to Almighty 
God that they might not find what they were in search of, and promised that 
if she and her's were protected, she would so mark this great providence 
of God by naming the child she was about to give birth to, if a son, as to 
commemorate the circumstances. Though the searchers frequently laid 
their hands on the very chest that contained the hidden books, they did 
not find them. On the 9th of July, 1535, a son was born to her, and 
keeping her promise she named him Emanuel, that is, "God with us." 
This boy, twin brother of the Coverdale Bible, became a distinguished 
man, a scholar, and an historian. He passed most of his life in London 
as merchant and Belgian Consul. He died the i8th of April, 161 2, in his 
77th year. He never forgot the circumstances preceding his birth, and 
frequently wrote his name "Emanuel Quis-contra-nos ? " "If God be 



90 (!Daj:tort Celebration* 

with us, who can be against us ? " For this fitting appendage to his name 
he was indebted to his cousin, Daniel Rogers, the distinguished diplo- 
matist and Latin poet, the eldest son of John Rogers, the proto-martyr, 
who, in 1536-37, "set forth" again at Antwerp for Jacob van Meteren, 
under the assumed name of Thomas Matthew, a splendid edition of the 
Bible, called now Matthew's Version, the whole edition of which was sold 
to Grafton, as before the Coverdale Bible had been sold to Nicolson. A 
mystery has long hung over "Matthew's Version," since it is well known 
that part of it is Tyndale's, part Coverdale's, and only a portion revised 
by Rogers himself Matthew's New Testament has recently been proved 
by Mr. Francis Fry, of Bristol, to be a reprint of Tyndale's last revision, 
the edition of 1535-4, with the combined initials of Tyndale and Van 
Meteren on the title page. Mr. Francis Fry, under his No. yj ^ 
4, calls this edition G H, but has hitherto been unable to f^^T^rj 
explain the monogram. Our suggestion is that the G H ^'tAt^ 
means the translator, Guillaume Hytchins, the assumed -ivL 
name of William Tyndale ; the other letters being the initials of the 
printer and proprietor, I v M, that is, Jacob van Meteren. If this be 
true, the fact reconciles much. The property or copyright belonged to 
Van Meteren, who, employing Rogers, had the right to produce Matthew's 
Bible by combining in it parts of Tyndale and Coverdale, which were his 
own property. 

These are only a few of the circumstances that have come to light 
Further and more careful investigation may compel us to somewhat 
modify some of these details, and to qualify others ; but, on the whole, 
we trust that our hurried account is substantially correct. We are in- 
debted for the larger part of our statement to the Rev. Symon Ruytinck, 
the bosom friend of our Emanuel Quis contra nos ? who was, we believe, 
for a time connected with the Dutch Church of Austin Friars in London. 
It is contained in a brief biographical notice by him of Emanuel van 
Meteren, appended to that distinguished writer's History of Belgiujn, 
published in the Flemish language at the Hague in 16 14, and in French 
at the same place in 1618. 

In the precious volume of some 400 autograph letters, addressed by 
many of the learned of the world between 1560 and 1595 to Abraham 
Ortelius, belonging to this Dutch Church, and now preserved in the 
Guildhall Library, are two very long autograph letters of our Emanuel 
van Meteren, one or two of Daniel Rogers, and something of Rev. 
Symon Ruytinck. Honour to them all, however remote and small the 
light they throw on our dear old Coverdale Bible, and treble honour and 
blessing on the memory of Jacob and Ottilia van Meteren, to whom we 
owe our first Bible. They lived together happily, finished their great 
work together, and perished together. Let their names become house- 
hold words in England, and let them be loved and honoured together as 



long as the language of the Coverdale Bible lasts. Towards the end of 
the reign of Edward VI., finding Antwerp unsafe for them on account 
of their religion, they resolved to remove with all their effects and penates 
to London, and live under the young King, who had offered them an 
asylum. On their passage from Antwerp the ship that bore them was 
attacked by a French cruiser, burnt, and sunk ; and so perished Jacob 
and Ottilia van Meteren. Though the sea holds their bones, their names 
are now given up to be recorded with honour in England this Caxton 
Memorial Year. 

Henry Stevens. 
4, Trafalgar Square^ London, 
July 25, 1877. 

rostscripttim. — For the continuation of these bibliographical Notes on the printed 
Bibles in English and other languages from 1535 to 1877, and for the fuller Notes, of 
which the above is but an epitome, the courageous reader is referred to our forthcoming 
little book entitled Our Printed Bibles, 1450- 1877. 



THE COMPARATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ART OF 

PRINTING IN ENGLAND AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES, 

ILLUSTRATED BY SPECIMENS OF THE HOLY 

SCRIPTURES AND LITURGIES. 

Chronologically Arranged, 1450-187 7. 

Seci'ION I. — Bibles. 

611. 

IBLE (Latin). Begin. [With the prologue of Saint Jerome.] 

[FjRater ambrosius tua michi munuscu-/la perferens. detulit 

siml' \ suauissimas litteras : etc. [Genesis begins Fol. 5 recto 

col. I at the top. I]n principio creauit deus celu et terram. 

End. [Fol. 641 verso, col. 2] Gratia dni nri ihesu cristi cu om- 

nib; vobis ame. [Mentz, Joannes Gutenberg, 1450-55 ?] Gothic 

letters, first edition, 2 volumes, measuring 15! by \\\ inches. 

Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

"Without title-page, pagination or signatures ; 641 leaves printeil in double 

columns, 42 lines to a full column ; the initials and rubrics are in MS. 

throughout. The earliest book known, printed with moveable metal type ; -.vas 

formerly styled, unjustly to Germany, the ** Mazarine Bible," but is now properly 

called the Gutenberg Bible. Some copies, which may be called a second 

issue, have 40 lines on the first eight pages, forty-one on the ninth, and the 

rest forty-two, like the present copy. In this latter issue the three lines in red 

at the bt^inning arc in ty}>e, and not in maniiscript, as in the 42 line issue. 




9* Cawn Celebration* 

612. Psalms (I^itin). Psalmorum Codex. Presens Psalmorum Codex 
venustate capitalium decoratus, rubricationibusque sufficienter 
distinctus, ad inventione artificiosa imprimendi ac caracterizandi 
absque calami ulla exaracione sic effigiatus, et ad eusebiam dei 
Industrie est consummatus, per Johannem Fust civem maguntinum 
et Petrum Schoffer de Gernszheim anno domini MCCCCLVII. 
In vigilia Assumpcionis. [Mentz], 1457. Folio. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

The Mentz Psalter on 138 leaves, the first book printed with a date and 

names of the printers. This large and sumptuous volume, probably the most 

magnificently printed book known, is on pure vellum. Indeed, we believe no 

copies are known printed on paper. It measures l6^ by 12 inches. 

613. Psalms (Latin). Begin. Beatus vir qui no abijt in cosilio impio?/. 
[The Psalms, with the sacred canticles, creeds, prayers, and eccle- 
siastical Hymns.] End. PResens psalmo^ codex : venustate 
capitaliu. decoratus. rubric^tionibuscj^ sufficienter distinctus. ad- 
inuenc5ne artificiosa imprimendi ac caracterizandi : absq^ ulla 
calami exaracone sic effigiatus. et ad laudem dei ac honore sancti 
Jacobi est osilat'. Per Joh'em fust cive magutinu. et Petru 
Schoifher de Gemssheym clericu Anno dni Millesimo cccclix. 
xxix. die mensis Augusti. Large Gothic letter. On vellum. 
[Mentz], 1459. Folio. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

The second edition of the Mentz Psalter, without pagination, signatures or 
catchwords. 136 leaves, 23 lines in a page, with the plain chant noted through- 
out. The large ornamental capitals are printed in two colours, the smaller in 
red only. Nearly all the known copies of the first and second editions have 
minute variations, especially in the subscriptions, which appear to have been 
adapted to the particular church or monastery for which they were intended. 
This volume contains the earliest printed text of the Athanasian Creed. 

614. Bible (Second Latin). ^^^«. [F]Rater ambro-/sius tua michi mu- 
nuscula p/ferens. etc, [Genesis begins Fol. 6 verso, col. i. at the 
top. I]n principio creauit deus celu t terram. End. [Fol. 882 
verso, col. 2. lin. 6] bis amen. Gothic letter. [Bamberg : Albert 
Pfister, 1460?] Folio. 15! by 11 inches. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page, pagination or signatures ; 882 leaves printed in double 
columns, 36 lines to a full column. A copy in the Paris library has the rubrica- 
tion dated 1461, proving that this Bible was printed prior to that date. But 
the cover of the Church Register of Bamberg being composed partly of waste 
leaves of this Bible, and the Register beginning with 21 March, 1460, it fol- 
lows that these leaves were printed prior to this latter date. 

615. Bible (Third Latin). ^^g-zV/. [F]Rater ambrosius tua etc. [Genesis 
begins fol. 3 verso, towards the bottom of col. 2. I]N principio 
creauit deus celu et t^ram. End. [Fol. 477 recto col. i.] Gratia 
dni nri ih'u xpi cu omibs vobis amen. Gothic letter. 2 vols. 
[Strasburg: Jo. Mcntelin, 1460 and 1461 ?] Folio, isf by iit 
inches. Lent by Earl Spencer. 



Cla00 C— ll?olp fetcipture^* 93 

Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 477 leaves, printed in double 
columns, 49 lines to a full column. The rubrics and initials are in MS. 
throughout. A copy of this Bible is preserved in the library of Freiberg in 
Breisgau, with the rubrications of the volumes dated 1460 and 1461, ranking 
this edition as the third Latin Bible. 

616. Bible (Fourth Latin). Begin. Incip eprasci iheronimi ad paulinu 
psbiteru : de omib' diuine historic libris. [Fol. 4 recto, col. i. 
lin. 7.] Expl'. plogus. Jncip liber bresith que noj genesim dici- 
mis. [Fol. 242 verso, col. 2. end^ laudet dominu. Alleluia. [Vol. 
2. Begin^ Epistola sancti ieronimi . . . . de libris salomonis. 
End. [Fol. 239 recto, col. 2.] Gra dni nri ihesu ^risti cu omib' 
vobis amc. [followed by the Colophon in seven lines.] Pfis hoc 
opusculu Artificosa adinuentione im^mendi seu caracterizandi. 
absq^ calami exaracon etc. 2 vols. Gothic letter. Per ioh'ez 
fust et Petru schoiffherde gerns'heym, in ciuitate Maguntn. 1462. 
Folio. i6i by \2\ inches. Magnificent copy on pure vellum. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Without title-page, pagination or signatures ; vol. I has 242, and vol. 2, 
239 leaves, printed in double columns, 48 lines to a full column. The 
first edition of the Bible having date, name of printer and place. From a col- 
lation of this with other copies on paper and vellum it appears that many of the 
leaves were reprinted, as for example, the first five in vol. i, and fol. 90-96, 
207-216, and 227-242; in vol. 2, fol. I, 51 recto, 121-124, and 233-239, etc. 
This mj^nificent copy is richly illuminated throughout in gold and colours. 

617. Bible (Fourth Latin). Begin. Incip epl'a sci iheronimi ad paulinu 
psbiteru, etc. Another copy printed on pure vellum. Per ioh'ej 
fust et Petru schoiffher de gerns'heym, in ciuitate Maguntu, 1462. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Jersey. 

This magnificent copy, a duplicate of No. 616, with some variations, is also 
splendidly illuminated throughout in brilliant colours, but the style of the 
illuminations of the two copies, though both exceedingly well done, is widely 
different. 

61S. Bible (Fourth Latin). Begin. Incip epl'a iheronimi ^/r. Perioh'ej 
fust et Petru schoifl'her de gerns'heym, in ciuitate Maguntn, 1462. 
Folio. i6i by ii^ inches. A superb copy printed on paper. 

Lent by Henry Stez^ens, Esq. 

This third copy is placed here as a good contrast with Nos. 616 and 617, 

printed on pure vellum. As many of the leaves have rough edges, they show 

that no copy on paper can be much taller or wider than this one, which is only 

a large fragment of this first Bible, with date, names of printers, and place. 

619. Psalms (Latin). Psalterium, etc. 126 leaves, twenty long lines 
in a full page, no signatures, catch-words or numbering. Large fine 
type resembling [Albert Pfister's, Bamberg, 1462?]. 4to. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 

620. Bible (First German). Begitt. [BjRuder Ambrosius der hat, etc. 
[Genesis commences fol. 4 recto, in col. i. I]n dem anegang 



94 Carton eDelebratiom 

geschiefF got etc. End. [fol. 400 verso, col. 2.] Die genade 
vnsero herren ihe/su cristi sey mit vns alien Amen, [followed by 
five leaves containing the titles and arguments of the Psalms] 
End. in nach d'menig seiner grossung. Amen. [Strasburg : 
Joannes Mentelin, 1466?] Folio. 15^ by 11^ inches. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 
Without title-page, pagination or register, 405 printed leaves in double 
columns, 60 lines to a full column ; there is a blank leaf at the end of the 
Gospels. A magnificent copy, richly illuminated in gold and colours. 

621. Bible (First German). Begifi. [BjRudcr Ambrosius der hat, etc. 
Another very fine copy. [Strasburg: Joannes Mentelin, 1466?]. 
Folio. Le7tt by Earl Spencei: 

405 printed leaves, 2 columns, 60 lines in a full column. This is also 
a splendid copy, beautifully illuminated in gold and colours, but in a style quite 
different from No. 620, lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

622. Bible (Second German). Begin. [BjRuder Ambrosius d'hat vns 
brachtein deinegab etc. [preceded by two leaves containing the table 
of rubrics. Genesis begins in col. i on the recto of fol. 6. A]N 
de angang beschiiff got den hymel vn die erde. E7id. [fol. 400 
verso, col. 2.] . . . Die genad vnsers herren jhesu cristi sey mit 
vns alien. Amen, [followed by five leaves containing the titles 
and arguments of the Psalms] End. in nach d'meing seiner gros- 
sung. Amen. [Strasburg: Heinrich Eggestyn, 1466?] Folio. 
16 by III inches. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page, pagination or register. 405 leaves printed in double 
columns, 60 lines to a full column ; foil. 2, 103, and 157 have the verso blank. 

623. Bible (Latin). Begin. [F]Rater ambrosi' tua etc [Genesis begins 
fol. 4 verso, col. 2, lin. 10. I]N principio creauit deus celu 1 
terra. End. [Fol. 631 verso, col. 2.] vobis amen. [Followed by 
a table of rubrics occupying four leaves.] Gothic letter. [Stras- 
burg : H. Eggestein, 1468?] Folio. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 635 leaves, printed in double 
columns, 41 lines to a full column. The rubrics and initials are in MS. 
This is the first edition of the Latin Bible by Eggestein. This copy wants the 
four leaves of the table of rubrics. 

624. Bible (I^tin). Begin. [F]Rater ambrosius tua mi/chi munus- 
cula perferens, etc. [Genesis begins fol. 4, col. 2. I]N principio 
creauit deus celu 1 terra. End. [Fol. 493 verso, col. 2, lin. 7.] 
mini ni^i ihesu cristi cu omnibis vobis ame. Gothic letter. 
[Strasburg: H. Eggestein, 1469?] Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 493 leaves, printed in double 
columns, 45 lines to a full column ; the verses of foil. 124 and 330 are 
blank ; the initials and rubrics are in M.S. throughout. This edition is some- 
times attributed to J. Bacmler of Augsburg ; but the type is the same as that 



of the edition generally attribute<l to Eggestein. The book contains the same 
paper-mark as that which is undoubtedly Eggestein, and is one of the marks 
ascribed to him by Sotheby in the Typography of the fifteenth century. 

Bible (Third German). Begin. Hie hept sich an die vorred oder die 
epistel des heiligen priesters sant Jeronimi zu paulinum von al en 
gotlichen historien d' briider vnder der Bible Das erst capitel. 
End. Die genade vnsers herrn ihesu cristi sei mit vns alien. 
Amen. Deo Gracjas End. Hje hebt sich an ein Register iiber 
die biicher d Biblen, etc. [Augsburg? J. Pflanzmann? or C. 
Fyner? Eslingen? 1470?] Folio. 15^ by loi inches. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Without title-page, signatures, or pagination. Printed in double columns, 
54 lines to a full column. 

Bible (Latin). Begin. [TjAbula omniu diuine scpture seu 
biblie libro^ [occupying twenty-eight leaves. Fol. 29 begins] 
Incipit epl'a sacti iheronimi ad paulinu etc. [Fol. 33 recto, col. 
2.] Explicit plogus. Incipit liber bresith quern nos genesim 
dicim'. End. [Fol. 724 recto, col. 2.] Explicit liber apocalipsis 
beati Johannis apostoli. Gothic letter. 2 vols. [Cologne : 
Ulric Zell, 1470?] Folio, iii by 8i inches. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 724 leaves, printed in double 
columns, 42 lines to a full column. 

Bible (Latin). Another edition. [Cologne : Ulrich Zell, 1470?] 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 
Two columns of 42 lines to a full column. 

Bible (Italian). Begin. [Fol. 7 recto.] Prologo. Qvi comincia 
la solemne Epistola di Sancto Hieronymo .... reportata per 
prologo sopra tutta la Biblia. [Foil. 1-6 are occupied by tables of 
the books of the old Testament, and a table of chapters to the first 
part. Fol. II verso.] Biblia in lingva volgare tradutta ; lo primo 
libro secondo la lingva Greca etc. [Fol. 316 verso.] Finisse il 
Psalterio di David. [Part 2, fol. i. Begin?^ Prologo. di. San. 
Jeronimo. supra, ilibri. Disalomone. End. [Fol. 331 verso.] 
Qvivi finisse Lapocalipsis et e il fine del novo testamento 
M.CCCC.LXXI. In Kalende. de Octobrio. [followed by one leaf, 
containing on the recto : Tabula de testamento nouo.] Two 
parts. [Venice: N. Jenson,] 147 1. Folio. i6i by 11 inches. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Without title-page, pagination, or signatures; part i contains 316, and part 
2, 332 leaves, printed m long lines, 50 lines to a full page ; the initial letters 
are either left blank, or printetl in small characters throughout. Foil, i and 6 
of part I are blank on the recto and fol. 5 on the verso. Foil. 206 and 232 of 
part 2 are blank on the verso. 



96 Ca;cton Celebration. 

629. Bible (Latin). [The Bible, Lat, Edited by J. Andreas.] Begin. 
[Vol. I, fol. I, recto.] lo. An[dreae] Episcopi Alerien ad Paulum 
II. Venetum Pon. Ma-x. epistola [verso]. Sequitur tabula, etc. 
[Fol. 2, verso]. Paulo II. Veneto summo Pont. Mathias 
Palmerius foelicitate. [Line 30.] Aristeas ad Philocratem fratem 
per Mathiam Palmeriu Pisanu e Greco in Latinu coversus [Fol. 
1 7, recto]. Incipit epistola sancti Hieronymi ad Paulinu presby- 
teru de omnibus divine historie libris [Fol. 20, recto, last line]. 
Incipit liber Bresith quern nos Genesin dicimus I. \End^ Finis 
Psalterii. [Vol. 2, fol. i, recto.] Epistola sacti Hieronymi 
psbyteri ad Chromatiu et Heliodorum Episcopos de Libris 
Salomonis [Colophon] Aspicis illustris lector quicunq^ libellos/ 
Sicupis artificum nomma nosse : lege./ Aspera videbis cognomina 
Teutona : forsun/ Mitiget ars musis inscia uerba uirum./ Coradus 
suueynheym : Arnoldus panartzcj^ magistri/ Rome impresserunt 
talia multa simul/ Petrus cum fratro Francisco Maximus ambo/ 
Huic operi aptatam contribuere domum/ M.CCCC.LXXI. [On 
the recto of the following leaf], (Incipiunt interpretationes 
Hebraicorum Nominum). 2 vols. Rome : Sweynheym and 
Pannartz, 147 1. Folio. 15^ by iii inches. Lent by Earl Spencer, 

Without title-page, register, catchwords, or pagination. In vol. i there are 
279 leaves, and in vol. 2, 341. The preliminary matter in vol. i occupies iS 
leaves, foil. 15 and 16 being left blank. The " Interpretationes Hebraicorum 
Nominum " at the end of vol. 2 occupy 62 leaves. The first Bible printed 
in Rome ; only 275 copies were printed. 

630. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incip expl'a sci iheronimi ad paulinu 
psbiteru omibs divine historie libris. Erid. Piis hoc opus 
pclarissimu. Alma in urbe magutina. .... Artificiosa quadam 
adinvencoe impremedi seu caracterizadi absq^ uUa calami 
exaracone sic effigiatu. et ad eusebiam dei industrie ecsumatu p 
Petru schoiffer de gernshez, etc. 2 vols. [Mentz] : Schoeffer, 
1472. Folio. Le7it by the Bodleian Library. 

Without pagination, register, or catchwords ; 471 leaves ; printed in double 
columns, 48 lines to a full column. This edition veiy closely resembles that 
of 1462, but they are not identical, as has been supposed. 

630*. Bible (Fourth German). 2 volumes, 408 and 104 leaves, in t^vo 
columns of 57 lines in a full column. [Nuremberg; Sensen- 
schmidt und Frissner, 1470-73. Folio.] 

L^nt by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

631. Bible (Fifth German). 2 vols., 553 leaves, 2 columns of 58 
lines in a full column. Augsburg: [Gunther Zainer?] 1473-75- 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 



€la00 C.—l^olp &cn'ptur0j2?* 97 

632. Bible (Latin). Be^'n. [F]Rater abrosi' tua mi, etc. [Genesis 
begins fol. 3 verso in the middle of col 2. I]N principio creauit 
de' celu et terra. End. [Fol. 436 verso, col. i.] nostri ihesu 
cristi cQ omnib' vob' amen. Gothic letter. [Basle : Berthold 
Rodt(?) and Bernard Richel, 1473 (**)•] Folio. 

Lent by the Rev, Dr. Ginsburg. 
Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 436 leaves printed in double 
columns, 50 and 48 lines to a full column. The first part, as far as the end of 
the Psalms, fol. 220 verso, is printed in a type used by Berthold Rodt, and 
the remainder in one used by Bernard Richel. The initials and rubrics of the 
first part are in MS., while some of the initials in the second part are from 
wood engravings. 

633. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incipit epistola sancti iheronimi ad 
paulinum etc. [being the commencement of the table of rubrics, 
etc., which occupies four leaves, the verso of the last blank. Fol. 
5] begin. [F] Rater ambrosi' tua mi, etc. [Genesis begins fol. 
8 recto, in the middle of col. 2. I]N prmcipio creauit deus 
celum et terra. End. [Fol. 537 recto, col. i.] Gra-/cia dni nri 
ih'u xpi cu omibs vobis amen. Gothic letter. [Basle : Berthold 
Rodt (?), 1474 (?)]. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 537 leaves, printed in double 
columns, 47 lines to a full column. The rubrics and initials are in MS, 
throughout. 

634. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incipit epistola sancti iheronimi ad 
pauli-/num presbiterum de omnibus divine historie libris. [Fol. 3 
verso, col. 2, lin. 11 from the bottom.] Incipit liber bresich q; 
nos genesim dicim'. End. [Fol. 461 verso, col. i] mini nostri 
ihesu cristi cum omnib' vob' amen. Et sic est finis. [Fol. 462 
recto.] VEnerabili viro do-/mino. Jacobo de ysenaco. Menar- 
dus, etc. [A general notice of the Bible, ending fol. 465 verso, 
col. 2, with seven Latin verses, begin\ Qui memor esse cupit 
librorum bibliotece. [Fol. 466 recto]. Incipit tabula canonum, 
etc Gothic letter. [Basle : Bernard Richel, 1474 (?).] Folio. 

Lent by Henry White, Esq. 
Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 460 leaves, printed in double 
columns, 48 lines to a full column. The initials are from wood engravings. 

635. Bible (Sixth German). Begin. [Fol. i.] If Hie hobet an die 
Epistel des heyligen priesters sant Jheronimi, etc. [preceded by 
one leaf, containing the register of the books on the verso. 
Fol. V. recto, col. i.J H Eyn end hat die vorred vnd hebet an das 
buch Presith oder Genesis, etc. End. [Fol. ex.] II Diss durch- 
leuchtigost werck der gantzen heyligen geschrifft. genandt die 
Bibel f^r all ander vorgedrucket teutsch biblen. lauterer. klarer. 



98 Cajcton Crtebratfom 

vnnd warer hat hie ein ende, etc. Gothic letter. Augs- 

purg : [Gunther Zainer, 1475 W] Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
Without title-page or register ; numeration — Old Testament, i-ccccxxj ; 
New Testament, i-cx. Printed in double columns, 58 and 59 lines to a full 
column. The first Bible with the leaves folioed (?) 

636. Bible (Sixth German). Another copy, very fine, measuring 18^ 
by 13 inches. [Gunther Zainer, 1475?] Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

637. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incip epl'a scti hieronimi ad paulinu psbi- 
te^ de oibs divine historie libris. [Fol. 4 recto, col. i, lin. 7.] 
Expt plogus. Incipit liber bhresit que nos genesim dicimus. 
End. Opus veteris nouiq^ testameti. Impressum ad laudez & 
gloriam sancte ac indiuidue trinitatis, etc. Gothic letter. Per 
Anthoniii Coberger, in regia ciuitate Nurmbergen, 1475. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 481 leaves printed in double 
columns, 48 lines to a full column. Koberger in 26 years printed 13 editions 
of the Bible, of which this is the first. 

638. Bible (Latin). Another copy. A. Coberger. Nuremberg, 1475. 
Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

639. Bible (Latin). Begin. Prologus in Genesim. Incipit epl'a 
sancti Hieronymi, etc. [Fol. 3 verso, col. i, at the bottom.] 
Explicit pfatio. Incipit liber Genesis qui dicit hebraice bresith. 
End. [Fol. 421 verso, col. 2.J Explicit Biblia impressa Venetijs, 
etc. [Fol. 422 recto.] Incipiut interptatioes hebraicoru nominu, 
etc. Gothic letter, p Fraciscu de hailbrun & Nicolau de frank- 
fordia socios, Venetijs, 1475. Small folio. L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 454 leaves printed in double 
columns (except the table of Hebrew names, which has three columns), 51 lines 
to a full column. The initials are in MS, and the verso of the last leaf is 
blank. This is the first Latin Bible printed at Venice. 

640. Bible (Latin). Begin. Quia vestigia seqmur Joann. An. Epi 
Aleriensis que nihil reliqsse coperium' quod ulteriori emendatione 
egeat, preter pauxilla q vicio compositorum litterar, viciata sunt. 
Ideoc^ epistoia qua ipe pposuit omittere nolium, ne cuj' doctrina 
imitamur, ejus odigna laude videamur supprimere. Joann[is] 
An[dre3e] Episcopi Alerien[sis] ad Paulu secudum Venetura 
Pon. Max. epistola. (Aristeas ad Philocrate fratrem per M. 
Palmeriu e Greco in Latinum conversus. Interptationes hebrai- 



Cla00 €♦— !^ol? &criptureja(* 99 

corum nominu.) Gothic letter. 2 vols. A. Frisner et J. Sen- 
senschmit 1 nuremberga, 1475. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Without title-page, register, or pagination ; printed in double columns, 60 
lines to a full column. The preliminary matter, including the prefaces of Saint 
Jerome, occupies 11 leaves. The " Interpretationes," etc., are placed at the 
end, after the imprint. Splendid copy on large paper, measuring 19 by 13 
inches. 

641. Bible (Latin). Begin. [FjRater ambrosius tua mihi munuscula 
perferes : etc. [Fol. 3 recto, col. i, lin. 8 from the bottom] 
Explicit pfatio Incip. Liber Genesis qui dicit' hebraice bresith. 
[Fol. 284 verso, col. 2. End.\ Vet' testametu a religiosis uiris 
ac prudentissimis correctu atq^ p me iohane petru d'ferratis 
cremonese placetie impssus. Anno dni Mcccc.lxx quinto felicit' 
explicit. [Fol. 285 recto, col. i. Begin.'] Incipit epistloa sancti 
hieronimi . . . sup. libro quatuor euage-/lio':5i [Fol. 357 verso, 
col. 2. End."] Explicit liber actuum apostolo:^ cum reli-/quis 
noui libris testamenti etc. End. [Fol. 391 recto, col. 2.] Biblie 
uocabulo"^ interpretationes expliciut. Gothic letter, p iohane 
petru d' ferratis, placetie, 1475. 4^^. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 391 leaves, printed in double 
columns, 60 lines to a full column. This is said to be the first printed book at 
Placentia, and is believed to be the first Bible printed in quarto. 

642. Bible (Latin). Begin. [F]Rater Ambrosi' tua mihi munus-/cula 
perferens : etc. [Genesis begins fol. 3 verso, col. i. lin. 14 from 
the bottom — I]N principio creauit de' celum & tr'a. End. [Fol. 
425 recto, col. i.] domini nostri ihesu xpi cu omibs vobis ame. 
[Strasburg? 1475 ?] Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 425 leaves, printed in double 
columns, 56 lines to a full column ; the initials and rubrics are in MS. through- 
out ; fol. 7 verso, at the bottom of col. 2 two lines omitted in printing are 
supplied in MS. and fol. 300 verso, one line is similarly supplied at the bottom 
of col. 2. The versos of foil. 117 and 213 are blank. 

643. Bible (Latin). Begin. [Sig. a i.] Prologus in Genesim. Feliciter 
incipit. Incipit epl'a sancti Hierony-/mi etc. [preceded by one 
leaf, containing on the verso : an epistle to Thomas Taqui, from 
Blasius Romerus, with the answer of the former. — Sig. a iii verso, 
col. I.] Explicit pfatio. Incipit liber genesis qui dicit' hebraice 
bresith. [eighth leaf of sig. tt. verso]. Explicit Biblia. Incipiut 
interptationes he-/braicoru nominu, etc. End. Editum opus & 
emedatu accuratissime ac deligeter, etc. Gothic letter. Impressit 
M. Morauus ... In urbe Neapoli, 1476. Folio. Printed on 
vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page or pagination ; sign. A — % & aa — 11, Im, mm — yy, and 
z. Printed in double columns, except the table of names, which is in three 
columns. Query, is not this the first Bible with printer's signatures ? 



100 Carton Celebration^ 

644. Bible (Latin). Begin. [Sig. a 2.] Prologus. Incipit epl'a sacti 
Hieronymi ad Paulinu etc. [Genesis begins sig. a 5.] Incipit 
liber genesis q dicitur hebraice bresith. End. Biblia impressa 
Venetijs opera zXjc^ impensa Nicolai Jenson Gallici etc. (inter- 
pretationes hebraicoru nominum etc.) Gothic letter. Printed 
on vellum. Venetijs: N. Jenson, 1476. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Without title-page or pagination ; sig. a 2 — z. & 3, 4, A — X. The first 
leaf of sig. A and the last of sig. H are blank ; at the end is a table of the 
register on one page in the copies on paper, but generally wanting like this 
one when printed on vellum. This copy, printed on the thinnest and purest 
vellum, is splendidly illuminated with gold and colours, including miniatures of 
high art. 

645. Bible (Latin). Another copy. Same edition as No. 644, but 
printed on paper. Venetiis : Nicolas Jenson, 1476. Small folio. 

Lent by Ilenry White, Esq. 

This copy has the rare end leaf containing the register. It is still a question 

whether this, No. 646, the Naples or the Paris Bible, all of 1476, was the first 

Bible with printer's signatures. They all appeared with signatures the same 

year. 

645*. Bible (Latin). Begin. Epistola beati hieronymi ad paulinu 
psby-teru de onibus diuine hystorie libris incipit. [Fol. 4 recto, 
col. 2. lin. 7.] Incipit liber Bresith. que nos Genesim dicimus. 
End. [Fol. 482 recto, col. 2]. Finit liber apocalipsis beati 
iohannis apl'i. [followed by twenty Latin verses beginning :] 

Me duce carpe viam ! qui celu ascendere gestis. 
[and ending] 

Jam tribus vndecimus lustris francos Ludouicus. 

Rexerat ! vlricus martinus itemq^ michael. 

Orti teutonia, banc mihi composuere figura. 

Parisij arte sua-me correcta vigilanter. 

Venalem in vico iacobi sol aureus offert. 
[Fol. 483. sig. A. j.] Interpretationes hebraicorum nominu 
feliciter incipiunt. Gothic letter. Ulricus [Gering] Martinus 
[Crantz] Michael [Friburger]. Parisij, [147 6 J. Folio. 14! by 
1 1 inches. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page or pagination ; sign, to the table of names only, A — C. 
509 leaves, printed (except the table of names) in double columns, 48 lines to 
a full column ; the table of names is printed in treble columns, 60 lines to a 
full column. The initials are printed in small characters, the verso of fol. 
482 is blank. This is the first Bible printed in Paris. 

646. Bible (Latin). ^^^>z. [sig. a 2.] Prologus in bibliam — Incipit epl'a 
sancti Hieronymi ad Paulinu etc. [Sig. a 4 verso, col. 2 at the 
bottom.] Explicit pfatio. Incipit liber Genesis qui dicit hebraice 
bresith. End. Explicit biblia ipressa Venetijs etc. (interpta- 



CIaj2?j2f €.—^olp fecrfpturegf^ loi 

tiones hebraicorii nominu etc. Gothic letter, p Fraciscu de 
hailbrun t Nicolau d'frankfordia socios, Venetijs, 1476. Folio. 

Lent by Henry White^ Esq. 
Without title-page or pagination ; sign. A 2 — y, j, 2 — 18. A — C. Printed 
in double columns, 51 lines in a full column. The first Bible with a date 
having printers' signatures ? see Nos. 643, 645, 645*. 

Another copy, Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

647. Bible (Latin). Aurea Biblia. 1476. Folio. 

Lent by Henry White, Esq. 

648. Bible (Seventh German). Begin [Fol. i, recto]. Die epistel Ihero- 
nimi zu Paulinum. End. [Fol. 332 recto] Diss durchleicht 
igest werck d gantz en heyligen geschrift genandt die bibel . . . 
hat hie eyn ende. Augspurg: [Gunther Zainer], 1477. Folio. 
2 vols. 321 & 332 leaves. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page, register, and catchword. Printed in double columns, 
51 lines to a full page. The first German Bible with a date. 

649. Bible (Italian). [The Holy Bible, with the history of the Septua- 
gint by Aristeas, translated into Italian by N. de Malermi.] Pt. i. 
Begin. Registro de la prima parte de la Biblia. Pt. 2. Begin. 
Registro del secondo libro. 2 pt. Venetia : Antonio Bolognese, 
1477. Folio. Lent by Henry White, Esq. 

Printed in double columns. Each part has a distinct register, without title- 
page or pagination. Aristeas is at the end of part i : part 2 commences with 
the Proverbs. 

Another copy, Lent by the Bodleian Library. 

650. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incipit epl'a sancti hieronimi ad paulinu 
etc. [Fol. 3 verso, col. 3. lin. 8 from the bottom]. Incipit liber 
bresith quern nos genesim dicimus. End. [Fol. 461 verso, col. 2. 
lin. 3.] Finit liber apocalip^ beati iohanis apl'i. followed by the 
Colophon. Fol. 462 recto. Begin. V]Eneabili viro dno iacobo 
de ysenaco. Menard' solo noie monachus etc. [A general 
notice of the Bible, followed by the Canons of Eusebius ; the 
whole occupying six leaves.] Gothic letter, p Antonium Coburger. 
In regia ciuitate Nurnbergn, 1477. Folio. 

L^nt by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 
Without title-page, pagination, or signatures ; 467 leaves printed in double 
columns, 51 lines to a full column. 

651. Bible (Latin). Begin. Epistola. Incipit epistola sacti hieronimi 
ad paulina presbite'^ de oib' diuine historie libris. [Genesis 
begins fol. 3 verso, col. i.] Incipit liber bresich q^ nos genesim 
dici'. End. [Fol. 390 recto, col. i] omibs vob amen. — Et sic 
est finis, [same page, col. 2 — V]enerabili viro diio. Jacobo de 
ysenaco. Menard' solo no-mie monach' etc. [A general notice 
of the Bible, extending to the verso of fol. 393, col. i, and 



102 Cajcton Celebration* 

ending with seven verses. Bggin.] Qui memor esse cupit libro:^ 
bibliotece[and-£«^/.] credentes verbis sacris saluare paratus i ^A^. 
Gothic letter. [Nuremberg? Jo. Sensenschmidt ?], 1476. Folio. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Without title-page, pagination, or signatures, 393 leaves printed in double 

columns, 57 lines to a full column ; between fol. 17 and 18 half a leaf is 

inserted with part of a single column printed on the verso, to supply an 

omission at the end of fol. 18, col. 2. 

652. New Testament (French). Begin. Cy commence la table du 
nouuau testament. End. Cy finist lapocalipse et samblablement 
le nouueau testament [translated by G. des Moulins] veu et 
corrige par venerables personnes fres iullien macho et pierre sarget 
[sic i.e. Farget] etc. Bartholemieu buyer, lion, [1477 ?] 410. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Without title-page or pagination, sign, a — c ; a — t and A — I. 299 leaves 

printed in long lines, 28 lines to a full page, and two blank leaves, one at the 

end of the table and another at the end of the book. The first edition of the 

New Testament in French. 

653. Old Testament (First Dutch). Begin. Hier beghit dat prologus 
vader bible des ouersetters te duytsche vte latine. [Fol. 2, recto, 
I.jNden beghin sciep god hemel en aerde, etc. End. Hier 
eyndt de prophect malachias, etc. Jacob iacobs soen en 
Mauritius Yemants Zoen van middelborch. Delf, 1477. Small 
folio. 2 volumes. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The Book of Psalms was omitted in this edition, but appeared separately 
three years later. Without title-page, register, catchwords, or pagination ; 
printed in double columns, 38 lines to a full column. This is the first edition 
of the Old Testament in the Dutch language. See No. 669. 

654. Old Testament (First Dutch). Hier beghit dat prologus, etc. 
Another fine large copy. Jacob iacobs soen en Mauritius Yemants 
Zoen van Middelborch, Delf, 1477. 2 vols. Small folio. 

Lent by the Dutch Church in Austin Friars. 

655. Bible (Latin). Begin. [Sig. a 2.] Prologus in bibliam. Incipit 
epistola sancti Hieronymi etc. [Genesis begins Sig. a 4 verso, 
col. 2 at the top. I]N princi-pio crea-uit deus celu & terra. 
(interptationes hebraico:^ nominu etc.] Gothic letter. per 
Leonardum vuild de Ratisbona expensis Nicolai de franckfordia, 
Venetijs, 1478. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Without title-page or pagination ; Sign, a 2 — y, j, 2 — i 8, A — C; at the end 
is a table of the register on one page. 

656. Bible (Latin). Begin. [Fol. a 2] Prologus in bibliam. Incipit 
epla sancti Hieronymi ad Paulinu pbrem d' oib' dine historic 



libris. End. Biblia impressa Venetiis, etc. (Interptationes hebra- 
icoru nominu scdm ordinem alphabeti). Gothic letter. Opera 
atq^ impSsa T. de Reynsburch t Reynaldi de Novimagio. 
Venetiis, 1478. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Without title-page or pagination ; the ** Interptationes hebraicoru nominu" 
are at the end after the imprint. 

657. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incipit epta sancti Hieronimi ad Paulinu 
presbite':^ de oTb' diuine historic libris. End. Anno incamatonis 
dnice. Millesimo-quadringentesimoseptuagesimo octavo Mai vo 
Kl' octauo decimo. Q'^ insigne veteris nouiq^ testamenti opus. 
Cum canonibs euagelistarumq^ concordantiis, etc. Gothic letter. 
Per Antoniu Coburger, In oppido Nurnbergii. Mai vo Kt. 18. 
1478. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Without title-page or register. Preceding the Epistle of Saint Jerome is a 
leaf containing a table of the books ; the canons are placed after the imprint 
and have no pagination. This is Coberger's third Latin edition. 

658. Bible (Latin). Begin. [Fol. j.] Incipit epl'a sancti Hieronimi ad 
Paulinu, etc. [preceded by one leaf containing an index of the 
books on the verso. — Genesis begins fol. iiij.] Liber Genesis. End. 
[Fol. cccclxj.] .... insigne veteris nouiq^ testamenti opus, cum 
canonibs euagelistarumq^ concordantijs .... finit feliciter. 
[Then follows : Vjenerabili viro domino Jacobo de ysenaco. 
Menard' . . monachus . . Rogatus nuper a vobis . . . qtenus aliqua 
generalem t opediosam libro^ biblie oscriberem notitia etc. [and 
afterwards] Incipit tabula canonQ, etc. Gothic letter. Per Antoniu 
Coburger, in oppido Nurnbergii. IV. Id. Nov. 1478. Folio. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

The collation of this, Coberger's fourth Latin edition, is the same as the 
third, but it is a distinct edition. 

659. New Testament (Latin). Signature in eights. 2 cols. 1478 ? 
8vo. Lent by the Bodleian Library, 

660. Bible (Latin). Begin. [Sig. a 2] Incipit epistola beati Hie- 
ronymi ad Paulinum presbyterum de omnibus divine historic libris. 
End. " Fontibus ex Grecis hebreorum q 93 libris." " Emendata 
satis et decorata simul. / Biblia sum pns supos ego tester et astra. / 
Est impssa nee in arbe mihi similis. / Singula q^ loca cu concor- 
dantib' extat. / Orthographia simul q; bene pssa manet" Gothic 
letter. [1479?] Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Without title-page or pagination. This is supposed to be the first of the 
editions distinguished by the appellation '* Fontibus ex Graecis," in which case 
it is of the date of 1479, or still earlier. 



104 Ca;cton Celebration* 

66 1. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incipit epl'a Hieronimi ad Paulinu pres- 
bite:^ de oibs diuine historic libris. End. Anno icarnatois domi- 
nice. Millesimo-qdri ge tesimo septuagesimonono sexto die 
augusti. 1'^ isigne veteris nouiq^ testameti op' cu canonibs 
euagelistaruq^ t cordatiis, etc. (Interpretationes Hebraicorum 
nominum.) Gothic letter. Per Antoniuz Coburger, In oppido. 
Nurnbergn, 1479. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Without title-page or register. Printed in double columns, 51 lines to a full 
column. The " Canons" and "Interpretations" are without pagination. This 
is Coberger's fifth Latin Bible. 

662. Bible (Latin). Begirt. [Sig. a 2.] Prologus. Incipit epl'a Hie- 
ronymi ad paulinum, etc. [Genesis begins sig. a 5.] Incipit 
liber genesis qui dicit hebraice bresith. End. Biblia ipressa 
Venetiis, etc. [Then follows, sig. q] Incipiunt interpretationes 
hebraico:^ nominum, etc. [and on the last leaf] Registrum biblie. 
Gothic letter. Opera . . . Venetus : Nicolai Jenson, 1479. Folio. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 
Without title-page or pagination, signatures A — 2,1, o, 1^. A — V. 

663. Bible (Eighth German). End. Diss durchleuchtigest werck d'ganc- 
zen heilige geschrifft. genannt die Bibel fiir all ander vorgedruckt 
teutsch Bibeln. lauterer. felarer. vnd warer nach rechtem gemeyne 
teutsch dan vorgedruckt. hat hye ein ende, etc. 2 Th. Augspurg : 
Anthoni Sorg, 1480. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 
Without title-page or signatures ; each Th. is preceded by a register or index. 

664. Bible (First German, low). Begin. [D] le born der ewyger wijsheyt 
dat wort gaedes i de hogeste sprekz : etc. [Fol. 4 recto.] (Hijr 
beghynt Genesis dat erste boeck der vijf boeckere Moysi, etc.) 
End. Een salich ende heift dat boek der hemelike apenbaringe. 
sent Johans des ewangeliste . . vfi dar mede de gantse bybel. dar 
van gade dank unde loff sy in ewicheyt. Amen. [Cologne, 
1480 ?] Folio. L^nt by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

Printed in double columns, without title-page, register, or pagination ; 57 
lines to a full column. 

665. Bible (Latin). Begin. Prologus in bibliam. Incipit epistola 
sancti Hieronymi ad Paulinum presbyterum : de omnibus diuine 
historic libris. (interpretatioes hebraicoru nominu, etc.) Gothic 
letter. Venetijs : per Franciscum de hailbrun, 1480. 4to. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 
Without title-page or pagination. Signatures a — y, j, z. z, 4-18, A — D. 

666. Psalms (Greek and Latin). Begin. [Fol. 3, recto] AATIA 
nPO^HTOT KAI BAClAEnC MEAOC. David prophetae et 
regis melos. [Preceded by loannes [Crestonus] placentinus 



ClaS0 €♦— l&olp &criptur00. 105 

Monachus Reueredo patri & domino. D. Ludouico Donato 
Episcopo Bergomensi, S. p. d. commencing on the verso of fol. 
I.J End, TTo^a^ v]fjuS)v elg b^ov Eiprvm. pedes nostrum in uiam pacis 
[Edited by J. Crestonus]. Mediolani, 1481. Folio, iii by 8i 
inches. Zent by Earl Spencer. 

Eighty-one leaves, sig. a i — z iii. This is the first of the editions 
printed at Milan in 1481, and is known by its colophon : ** Impressum Medio- 
lani anno Mcccc. Lxxxi. die. xx. Septembris." It is printed in double columns, 
containing 28 and 29 lines in a full column. No pagination or catchwords. 

667. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incipit epl'a sancti Hieronimi ad Paulinu 
presbitcl? de oibs diuine historic libris. End. Anno incama- 
tionis duice. Millesimoquadringentesimooctuagesimo. Mai vero 
Kr octauo decimo. Q:^ insigne veteris nouiq^ testamenti opus, 
cum canonib' euangelistarumq^ concordantiis, etc. Per Anto- 
niuz Coburger, In oppido Nurabergn, 1480. Folio. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 
Without title-page or register. Preceding the epistle of Saint Jerome is a 
leaf containing a table of the books ; the canons are placed after the imprint, 
and have no pagination. This is Coburger's sixth Latin edition. 

668. Bible (Latin). [The Holy B. in Latin, according to the Vulgate 
translation, with the Glossa Ordinaria of Walafridus Strabo, and 
the Glossa interlinearis of Anselmus Scholasticus.] Begin. Epis- 
tola beati Hieronimi presbiteri ad Paulinum presbiteru . . . incipit. 
[Fol. 3 verso :] Glossa ordinaria incipit [Fol. 5 recto :] [I]N 
pricipio creauit de' celum t terra, etc. Gothic letter. 4 vols. 
[Venice? 1480?] Folio. Lent by the Sion College Library. 

A manuscript note in Latin on the cover of vol. I. says that in 1480 this 
book belonged to Giles de Bresc, Rector of S. Mary the Virgin outside 
Malines, and that he bought it for 26 florins. 

669. Psalms (Dutch). 278 leaves, 17 lines. End. Hier eyndet die 
duytsch Souter end es gheprent te Delf, 1480. i6mo. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 
278 leaves, 17 lines. Signatures abcdefghikl mnopqrlfstv 
wxyz ABCDEFGHin eights and I in 6 leaves, in all 35 sheets, or 278 
leaves. This Bodleian copy has a separate printed title page, added apparently 
some few years later. This little volume, with No. 653, completes the first 
Old Testament in Dutch. 

670. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incipit epistola sancti Hieronymi ad . . . 
divine historie libris. Sig. a 5 recto, col. 2.] In principle 
creavit de' . . . t'ra, etc. (Iterptatioes hebraicoru nominu s'm ordi- 
nem alphabeti.) Gothic letter. 1481. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
Without title-page, pagination, or catchwords. Sig. a — y, A — Y, 1-13, 
570 leaves, printed in double columns, 47 lines to a full column. This is one 
of the "Fontibus ex Graecis" editions. The Colophon, which is at the end of 
the Apocalypse, is followed by the Rubric of the Proper Lessons and the "In- 
terpretationes. " 



io6 Carton Celebratfom 

680. Bible (Latin). With Commentaries of De Lyra. 2 vols. Nurn- 
bergii ; Anthonius Coberger, 1481. Folio. 

Lent by Matthew Ridgway^ Esq. 

681. Bible (Latin). Begin. Incipit epistola sancti Hieronym ad 
Paulinu, etc. [Sig. a 5 recto, col. 2] i N principio creavit de' 
celu t tra, etc. (Iterptatioes hebraicoru nominu s'm ordinem 
alphabete.) Gothic letter. 1481. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
Without title-page, pagination, or catchwords. Sig. a — y, A — Y, 1-13, 570 
leaves, printed m double columns, 47 lines to a full column. This is one of 
the "Fontibus ex Grsecis" editions. The colophon, which is at the end of the 
Apocalypse, is followed by the Rubric of the Proper Lessons, and the "Inter- 
pretationes." 

682. Pentateuch (Hebrew), .^tt;") l^/IVH)*) D')^p:')^< Dllin D;; UTDin 
Begin, ./^^tt^^<"12 On vellum. [Bologna : Abraham ben Chayim 
de' Tintori, 1482.] Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of the Pentateuch in Hebrew. 

683. VoRAGiNE (James de). The Golden Legende. [Colophon'] 
Thus endeth the legende named/ in latyn legenda aurea, that is 
to saye/ in englysshe the golden legende, For/ lyke as golde 
passeth in valewe alle/ other metalles, so thys legende excedeth/ 
alle other bookes, wherin ben contey-/ned alle the hygh and grete 
festys of/ our lord, the festys of our blessyd la/dy, the lyues pas- 
syons and myracles/ of many other sayntes, and other hys-/toryes 
and actes, as al allonge here/ afore is made mencyon, whiche 
werke/ I haue accomplisshed at the commaundemente and 
requeste of the noble and/ puyssaunte erle, and my special good/ 
lord Wyllyam erle of arondel, t haue/ fynysshed it at Westmestre 
the twenty/ day of nouembre, the yere of our lord/ M, CCCC, 
Ixxxiij, 1 the fyrst yere/ of the reygne of Kyng Ry chard the/ thyrd 

(^g mc ^i^yi'QCLi^ Castom foHo. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

First edition. Four preliminary leaves, comprising the Prologue and two 
tables ; text in double columns, folioed i to ccccxliij. 

This book is, we think, fairly placed among Bibles, because it contains a 
translation into English of nearly the whole of the Pentateuch and a great part 
of the Gospels, and hence must have been read extensively by the people, or to 
the people, long before the Reformation, or the days of Tyndale and Cover- 
dale. Historians of the English Bible appear to have overlooked the numerous 
editions of this work. It was no doubt read in churches, and though the text 
is mixed with much priestly gloss and dross, it nevertheless contains, in almost 
a literal translation, a great portion of the Bible ; and it became thus one of the 
principal instruments in preparing the way for the Reformation. The people 
demanded the Scriptures in a purer form. The modifications and changes of 
the text and form of the Golden Legend is a theme worthy the bibliographer. 



€U^0 C— l?olp S)cripturej2(* 107 

The future historian of our dear old English Bible should not fail to sift 
CeUtOand fCtJjCiJ? t^Cm tOOt^dCt for fo C0# Ime and verba- 

umt^cgr mcmetco it) mamtof 6rcc^i«/ 3" !^, S 

column. This may take precedence of the Genevan Version in being called 
the "Breeches Bible," as that was not published till 1560, more than three 
quarters of a century later. 

684. Bible (Ninth German). Begin. Das erst Blat. Hie hebet an die 
Epistel des heyligen priesters sant Jheronimi etc. [fol. v. recto] 
Hie hebt sich an. Genesis etc. End. [fol. ccccclxxxiij. verso.] 
Disz durchleuchtigist werck der gantzen heyligen geschrifft. 
genant dy bibel fiir all and ' vorgetriicket teutsch bible, lauterer. 
clarer vnd warer nach rechter gemeyner teutsch . . . gege dem 
lateynischen text gerechtuertigt . . . mit vberschrifften . . . Vn mit 
schonen figuren . . . hat hie ein ende. etc. Gothic letter. Nuren- 
berg : durch anthonium Koburger, 1483. Folio. 15^ by ii^ 
inches. Zent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

Without title-page or signatures ; printed in double columns, 50 lines in 
a full column. The first German Bible printed at Nuremberg. With many 
extraordinary woodcuts. 

Another copy, Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society, 

685. Bible (Ninth German). Begins. Das erst Blat. Hie hebet an die 
Epistel, etc. Another copy. Very fine. Lent by Earl Spencer, 

686. Bible (Latin). Begin. [Fol. a. 2.] Incipit epistola beati 
Hieronymi ad Paulinum presbyterum de omnibus divine hystorie 
libris. End. Exactum est inclyta in urbe venetia:^ sacro sanc- 
tum biblie volumen &c. (F. Moneliensis a genua in sacrosanctam 
ac sacratissima biblia Epl'a. Interpretaciones nominu hebraico- 
rum.) Gothic letter. Caracteribus Magistri Johanis dicti magni. 
Herbert de Siligenstat alemani, in urbe venetia:^, 1483. Folio. 

Lent by Henry IVhite^ Esq. 
Without title-page or pagination ; the epistle of Franciscus Moneliensis is 
on the verso of the first leaf, and the *' Interpretaciones nominu hebraicorum'* 
are at the end, after the colophon. 

687. Bible (French). In French paraphrase by Guyard de Moulins, 
or Comestor, 1487. Folio, with very many curious woodcuts. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

688. Bible (Italian). La Biblia en lingua Volgare (per Nicolo di 
Mallermi). End. Venetia : per Joan. Rosso Vercellese, 1487. 
Folio. Lent by Henry White, Esq. 



io8 €axton Celebratfom 

689. Bible (Latin). Venetiis : per Georgium rauabenis, 1487. 4to. 

Zen^ by Francis Fry, Esq. 
This first Bible with a separate title-page is printed in two columns of 52 
lines each. 

690. Bible (First Bohemian). [The Holy Bible in Bohemian.] Begin. 
Poezinagi Prwnie Knihy Moyziessowy. Capitola I. etc. w Mjes- 
tie Starem Prazskem, 1488. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Printed in double columns, without numerals or catchwords, 47 lines to a 
full page ; register a. iii — z. v. A — Z, v. A. A. — C. C. iiii. a. a. — m. m. iiii. 
At the end is a register of the Epistles and Gospels, printed alternately red 
and black, signatures i — iiii. 

691. Bible (First Hebrew). [.DOiriDI D^K^n^ niin] Begin, [fol. i 
verso] .jn^Di^"12 Editio Princeps. [Soncino : Abraham ben 
Chayin de' Tintori, 1488.] Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 

380 leaves without pagination, printed in double columns, 30 lines to a full 
page. The Pentateuch is followed by the Five Rolls, which have a separate 
register, as also the Prophets and the Hagiographa. De Rossi, Ann. Sec. 
XV. p. 54. This is the first complete edition of the Bible. The whole Bible 
had been printed previously in portions, viz., the Pentateuch, 1482, the Former 
Prophets, 1485, the later Prophets, i486, and the Hagiographa, 1487. 

692. Bible (12th German). 2 vols., 799 leaves, 2 columns, 48 lines, 
woodcuts. Augspurg: Hen. Schonsperger, 1490. Folio. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 

693. Bible Picture Book (Dutch). Boeck van Ihesus Leven. Wood- 
cuts. Zwolle: Peter van Os Breda, 1490. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

694. Bible (Second German Low). 2 vols., 2 columns, 66 lines in a full 
column. With large woodcuts. Lubec, 1491. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

695. Bible (Latin). Biblia. (Epistola beati Hieronymi . . . de omnib' 
divine historie libris. . . Translatores biblie. Epistole et Evan- 
gelia Per anni circulum Interptatioes hebriaco'^ noum, etc.] 
Gothic letter. Impensis . . . Nicolai Keslers, civis Basilicu 
[Basle], 1 49 1. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

Without pagination. Sig. a— z, t, & E, A— Z, Aa — G.g., a— c. Printed 
in double columns, 56 lines to a full column. The Colophon, which is on the 
verso of sig. F. f. 7, is followed by the *' Translatores biblie, etc." 

696. Bible (Latin). Biblia integra, summata ; distincta : supemedata 
utriusq^ testameti rcordatus illustrata. [Fol. a 2 recto :] Incipit 
epistola beati Hieronymi ad Paulinu, &c. [New Test. Fol. i 
recto.] Incipit epistola beati Hieronymi ad Damasum, &c. [Fol. 



Claj2(0 C— ll?olp &ccipture55* 109 

A. I recto.] Interpretationes Nomina Hebraico. Gothic letter. 
Per Johanem froben de Hammelburck, Basilee, 1491. 8vo. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 
491 leaves, without pagination or catchwords ; register, beginning at fol. S. 
a — y, A — Z, i-i I iiii, A — E 7 in eights, except 1 1 which is in twelves. Printed 
in double columns, 56 lines to a full column. Fol. a i and E 7 are blank. 
This is said to be the first Bible printed in octavo, or in small form, and is 
hence called the first edition of the "poor man's Bible." It is also the first 
or one of the first books printed by Frot^n. This copy is splendidly illuminated. 

697. Bible (Latin). In title, "Tu es Petnis," emendata per Angelura 
de Monte Ulmi. Venetiis : per Hieronimum de Pagininis, 1492. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 
The earliest Bible with an illustration on the title-page. 

698. Bible (Latin). Biblia [on woodcut "Tu es Petrus."] Another 
copy. Venetiis, 1492. 8vo. Lent by the Bodleian Library. 

698^. Psalms (German). Der Psalter/ zu Deutsch./ [^Coloplion'] f[ Ge- 
truckt zu Vim vo Cun-/rad dinckmut. Anno salutis. M./ cccc. 
Vnndim.xcii. Ulm, 1492. i6mo. L^nt by the Rev. Dr. Ginsburg. 
Eight prel. leaves, the 7th and the recto of the 8th being blank ; Text, 17 
lines on a page, a to z and A to K 3 in eights. These Psalms are a litersd 
translation from the Latin Vulgate, into High German of the fifteenth century, 
of a southern (Swabian) dialect. Added to the Psalms are the hymns of Isaiah, 
Ezekiel, Anna, Moses, Abacuck, the Three Children, Zachariah, St. Augustine, 
and the Athanasian Creed. This is a fine specimen of an early pocket edition of 
the Psalms in the language of the people. The size of the page is 3f by 7\ in. 

698/^. Bible (Latin). Biblia integra, etc. Finit p Johannem froben 
cive Basilie. 6° Kal Nov. 1495. ^°- Lent by Sion College. 

699. Bible (Latin). Biblia, cum tabula noviter edita (Tabula alpha- 
betica ex singulis libris t capitulis totius biblie . . . a G. Bruno. . . 
summa cura composita.) End. Exacta est biblia presens Venetiis 
summa lucubratione. (Interpretatioes hebraicoru nominu pm ordi- 
nem alphabeti.) Gothic letter. Venetiis: Bevilaqua, 1494. 
4to. Lent by Matthew Ridgivay^ Esq, 

700. Bible (Latin). Liber uite. Biblia cum glosis ordinarijs; 
et interlinearibus ; excerptis ex omnib' ferme ecclesie sancte 
doctorib' ; simulq^ cum expositois Nicolai de lyra ; et cum con- 
cordantijs i margine. {End. Glosa ordiaria vna cu postill' ve. f. 
Nicolai de lyra. . . feliciter finit. . . . emedata . . . Bernardinu 
gadolu, etc. 4 vols. Gothic letter. Venetiis : p. Paganinu de 
paganinis, 1495. Folio. L^ent by Henry White^ Esq. 

701. Bible (Latin). Biblia Correcta per Petrum Angelu de monte 
ulmi. Venetiis : Hieronimus de Paganini, 1497. 8vo. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library, 



I lo Cajcton Celebratfon* 

702. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacra Latina cum Glossa Ordinaria et 
Postillis Nicola de Lyra. 6 Parts. Basiliae, J. Petri de Langen- 
dorff et Joan. Froben de Hamelburg, 1498. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

703. Bible (Latin). 2 col., 52 lines. Venetiis : per Symonum dictum 
beuilaqua, 1498. 4to. Lent by M. Ridgway, Esq. 

This is one of the Fontibtis ex Graces editions. 

704. Bible (Latin). Liber Vitae Biblia correcta per Petru angelu. 
Venetia : Arte Paganini de Paganinis Brixiensis, 1501. 8vo. 

Lent by Earl Stanhope. 

705. Psalms (English). ^ This treatise concernynge the fruytful-Say- 
inges of/ Dauyde the kynge & prophete in the seuen penytecyal/ 
psalmes Deuyded in seuen sermons was made and com-/plyed by 
the ryght reuerente fader in god Johan fyssher/ Doctour of dy- 
uynyte & bysshop of Rochester at the ex-/ortacion and sterynge of 
the moost excellente pryncesse/ Margarete countesse of Ryche- 
moijte and Derby & Mo-/der to our souerayne lorde Kynge Hery 
the vij on who-/se soule Jesu haue mercy./ [ Colophon\ Here endeth 
the exposycyon of y* .vii. psalmes. Enpryn/ted at London in the 
fietestrete at the sygne of y^ sonne/ by Wynkyn de Worde. In the 
yere of oure lorde. m/ccccc. viii. y* .xvi. day of y* moneth of Juyn. 
The/ xxiii. yere of y* reygne of our souerayne lorde kynge He/ry 
the seuenth./ London, 1508. 4to. Lent by JV. Harrison^ Esq. 

146 leaves without folios, pagination, or catchwords. Signatures aa to zz in 
eights and fours alternately, and && in six leaves. Colophon on the recto of 
&& .iv. with Wynken de Worde's device on the reverse. This edition is dis- 
tinguished from the others by the initial F at the beginning of the text having 
the Portcullis of Westminster, and by the signatures being in double letters in 
lower case. There are 32 lines on a page, and the Latin text is in larger letters 
than the English. 

706. QuiNCUPLEX Psalterium. Gallicum, Romanum, Hebraicum, 
Vetus, Conciliatum. Parisiis: Hen. Stephani, 1509. 4to. Two 
copies. 

One lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq.^ the other by Earl Spencer. 

707. Bible (Latin). 6 vols. Paris: Wolfgang Hopyl, 15 10. i6mo. 

708. Bible (Latin). Biblia, Pars scunda. Josue — Psalter. Paris : 
Wolfgang Hopyl, 15 10. i6mo. Lent by Rev. J. B. Ebsworth, 

709. Bible (Latin). In Parrhisiorum vniuersitate arte Philippi pigou- 
chet Impesis Symonis vostre, 15 12. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

710. Bible (Latin). Lugduni : J. Mareschal, 15 14. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 



J 



€U^0 C— l^olp &cnpture52f> 1 1 1 

711. BiBLiA Polyglotta. Hebr. Chald. Gr. Lat. Cardinalis Ximenez. 
A. W. de Brocario. In Coraplutensi universitate (Alcala), 
15 14-17. Folio. 6 vols. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The first Polyglot Bible. Only 600 copies of it were printed, which were 
not published until 1520. The work occupied fifteen years in execution, and 
its cost was defrayed by Cardinal Ximenes. The first volume was completed 
the loth January, 15 14, and the last the loth July, 1517. The Licence of 
I>eo X. is dated 22nd March, 1520, but copies were not issued before 1522. 
The Cardinal died the 8th of November, 1517, and the hitch in the publica- 
tion of the work was probably owing to this circumstance. 

715. Bible (Latin). Lugduni per Jacobum Sacon, expesis Anthonij 
koberger, 1515. Folio. Lent by H. White^ Esq. 

716. Bible (Latin). Lugduni in officina Jacobi Sacon, 15 15. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

717. Bible (Latin). Lugduni : Jacobi Sacon, expensis Ant. koberger, 
15 16. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

718. New Testament (Greek and Latin). Nouum Instrumentum 
Erasmi. Basiliae: Froben, 15 16. Folio. Two copies. 

One lent by Henry White, Esq., the other by Earl Spencer. 
The first Greek New Testament accompanied by a Latin translation is re- 
ported to have been executed by Erasmus and Froben in five months. See 
Erasmus's twenty-sixth letter. 

719. New Testament (Greek and Latin). Nouum Instrumentum, etc. 
Basiliae: Froben, 15 16. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

This is generally called the first New Testament in Greek, though it had 
been printed two years before in the Ximenes Polyglot, but not issued till 
1520. It had also been printed by Aldus, but in consequence of that printer's 
death, was not published till 1 518. See No. 721. 

720. Psalms (Polyglot). Psalterium. Hebr. Gr. Ar. Chald. Studio 
Aug. Justiniani. Genuae : P. P. Porrus, 1516. Folio. Splendid 
copy, printed on vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

A note on the nineteenth Psalm gives a short account of the life of Christo- 
pher Columbus, especially of his second voyage along the southern coast of 
Cuba, containing details of importance nowhere else told so fully. 

721. Bible (Greek). WaYxa, ra Kare^oxnv KoT^ovfxeva BIBAIA Oeia^ 
5ti;^5>i y^a<pr)i TraXaia; re, kui vea^. Sacra Scripturae Veteris 
Novaque Omnia. Venetiis in sedibus Aldi et Andrese soceri, 
15 18. Februarius. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of the Septuagint. Contains the first Greek Old Testament 
published, though it had been printed the previous year in the Ximenes Poly- 
glot. This is a sumptuous copy on large paper. Aldus Pius Manutius, the 
projector of this work, as well as its chief editor and printer, died in 15 16, 
before it was completed. Hence his father-in-law Andreas Asolanus' address 
to Cardinal ^gidius the friend of Aldus. 

722. Bible (Latin). Lily on title. Venetiis : L. A. de Giunta, 15 19. 
Svo. With the earliest metal engraving (?) 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 



1 1 2 Cajcton Celebratiom 

- 722* New Testament (Greek and Latin). Erasmus's second edition. 

Basilise : J. Froben, 15 19. Folio. Magnificent copy, printed on 
pure vellum. Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

In this second edition the text is considerably purified, and it contains 
the verse in i John v. 7, about the three that bear record in heaven, introduced 
here for the first time by Erasmus, though it had been printed in the Complu- 
tensian Polyglot in 1514. 

— 723. New Testament (Greek and Latin). Erasmus's second edition. 

With the Annotationes. 2 vols. Basiliae : J. Froben, 15 19. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

724. Bible (Latin). Lugduni : J. Mareschal, 15 19. 8vo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

7 2 4*. Bible (Latin). Another copy. Lent by the Earl of Beauchamp. 

725. Bible (French). La Bible en francois. Paris : Jehan Petit, 
1520. Folio. Lent by Edwin S. Kowie, Esq. 

726. Acts of the Apostles (German, Luther's). Printed on vellum. 
15 2 1. 8vo. A fragment. Lefit by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

727. Concordance (Latin). Basiliae: J. Froben, 152 1. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

728. New Testament (Greek). Hagenose : Thomas Anselmi, 152 1. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

729. Bible (Latin). Bibliorvm Opvs integrvm. Printed in Italics. 
Basiliae: J. Wolf, 1522. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

730. Bible (Latin). Lugduni: Jacob Sacon, 1522. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

731. Bible (Latin). Nurembergae : Fredericus Peypus, sumptu Joh. 
Koburger, 1522. 4to. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson ^ Esq. 

732. New Testament (Latin). 2 vols. Argent. : J. Cnobloch, 1523. 
8vo. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

733. Bible (Latin). Lugduni: J. Mareschal, 1523. Folio. 

Lxnt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

734. New Testament (French). (Transl. par Jacques le F^vre 
d'Etaples.) Guilaume Vorsterman, Anvers, 1523. 8vo. 

L^nt by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

735. Bible (German). Das Alt und neues Testaments der Martin 
Luther. Gedrukt zu Nuremberg durch Frederichen Peypus, 1524. 
3 vols. Folio. Printed on vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

These volumes want the Prophets and Apocrypha, which were not printed 
by Luther till 1532, to render this edition complete. This is the world- 
renowned copy printed on pure vellum, with the wood illustrations splendidly 
coloured like miniatures. 



Clag(0 C— l^olp &cn'pmrej2?^ 113 

737. Bible (German). Das gantz neiiw Testamet (Luther's). Zu 
Strassburg durch Wolflf Kopphel. 1524. 8vo. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

738. Bible (Latin). Biblia Magna. Lugduni : Jacob Mareschal, 
1525. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

739. Bible (Hebrew). 4 vols. Venet. : Bomberg, 1525. 4to. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

740. Bible (Latin). Sacra Biblia ad LXX interpretum tralata. 
Basiliae, per Andream Cratandrum, 1526. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

741. Bible (Latin). Lugduni: Jacob Marischal, 1526. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
Curious plates at the end of Maccabaeus. 

742. Habacuc (German). Luther's. 1526. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

743. New Testament (English). [The Newe Testament in Englysshe, 
by William Tyndale. Worms: Peter Schoeffer, 1526?]. 8vo. 

Lent by the Dean and Chapter of St. PauVs Cathedral. 
This is one of the rarest and most precious volumes in our language, being 
the first complete edition of the New Testament by William Tyndale. Only 
two copies are known, this and the one at Bristol. This one is very imper- 
fect, while the Bristol copy wants only the title. 

744. New Testament (English). Tyndale's first edition, supposed to 
have been printed at Worms by Peter Schoeffer in 1526; a fac- 
simile on vellum, illuminated, reprinted from the copy in the 
Baptist College, Bristol. With an Introduction by Francis Fry. 
1862. 8vo. Lent by Francis Fry^ Esq. 

Mr. Fry has rendered a great service in reproducing this rare volume with 
so much care and fidelity. 

745. Bible (Latin). Habes in hoc libro utriusque instrumenti novam 
translatione seditam a Sancto Pagnino. Lugduni : Ant. du Ry, 
1528-7. 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

With Melancthon's autograph notes. 

746. Bible (Latin). Another copy. Lugduni : per Ant. du Ry, 
1528. 4to. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson^ Esq. 

First Bible divided into verses, but not divided exactly, as was afterwards 
done by Robert Stephens in his sixth edition of 1555, subsequently adopted 
by our English translators first in the Genevan version. 

747. Bible (Dutch, Protestant). Te Bibel. Gheprint Thantwer- 
pen, Bi mi Willem Vorsterman, 1528-31. Folio. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson^ Esq. 

I 



114 Cajctoti Celebratiom 

748. New Testament (German). Das New Testament, so durch L. 
Emser. Leyptzick durch Valter Schuman, 1528. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry WJiite^ Esq. 

749. Bible (Latin, Vulgate). Coloniae ex gedibus Quentelianis, 1529. 
Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

750. New Testament (German). ^ Das gantz New Testament : So 
durch den ^/ Hochgelerten L. Hieronymun Emser verteiitscht, 
mitt sampt seinen zugefug-/ten Summarien vnd Annotationen 
vber yegliche capitel angezeigt, wie Mar-/tinus Luther dem rechten 
Text (dem Huschischen exemplar nach) seins gefal-/lens, ab vnd 
tzugethan, vnd verendert hab, Wie dan durch bitte etzlicher 
Fiirsten/ vnd Herren gescheen, das er wol dem gemeynen volck 
tzu niitz, das war/ vnd recht Euangelion, am triick ausz geen 
lassen./ C Item ein new Register verordent vnd gemacht, 
vorstetlicher dan vor gewest./ Auch dem kauffer vnnd gemeynen 
man tzu gutt sindt hynden an getriickt, die/ Episteln ausz dem 
alten Testament, die man in der Christlichen kirchen durchs Jar 
helt, wol-/che dann der Emser in seyner Translation nicht bey 
gesetzt hat, da mit nicht eym jeglichen/ not sey eyn gantze Bybel 
tzu kauffen./ Anno m. cccc. xxix. Am. xxiii. tag des Augst- 
monts./ \Colophon\ Getruckt vnd volendet in der loblichen stat 
Collen I durch Heronem Fuchs, vnnd auffs new mit fleysz durch- 
leszen vnnd corrigirt/ vonn dem wirdigen doctor Johan Diten- 
berger. Mit verlag vnnd belo-/nung des Ersamen vnnd fiirsich- 
tigen biirgers Peter Quentel. Im/ Jaer nach Christi vnsers 
salichmachers geburt m.cccc. / xxix. Am xxiii tag des Augst- 
mants. Collen, 1529. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

Six preliminary leaves : text folioed from i to 204, and paged from 205 to 
227. This Translation of Emser is opposed to Luther's, which is here pro- 
nounced to be a falsification of the text. 

751. Bible (Dutch, Protestant). Antwerp, By mi Willem Vorsterman, 
1528-29. Folio. Lent by Henry White ^ Esq. 

752. Bible (French). La Saincte Bible Fran^oys, translat^e selon la 
pure et entibre traduction de Sainct Hierome (par Jacques le 
Ffevre d'Estaples). En An vers : par Martin Lempereur, 1530. 
Folio. L^nt by Henry White, Esq. 

This splendid volume was long regarded as the first complete Bible in the 
French language. It was translated by Le F^vre of Estaples from the Latin 
Vulgate, and was so faithfully done as to become the basis of all other French 
translations, both Roman Catholic and Protestant. It is however now rendered 
certain that the entire work had previously seen the light in six small octavo 
volumes, between the years 1523 and 1528, which volumes are so scarce that 
no library, as far as we know, possesses a complete set. The New Testament 
was printed by Simon de Colines at Paris in 1 523, and again in 1 524. By an 
order of the French Parliament, 28th August, 1525, the work was censured 



Clagfsf C— l^olp &cripturejJ. 115 

and rigorously suppressed. The New Testament was in 1524 and 1525 re- 
printed in Antwerp by Vorsterman, and again in 1525 it was reprinted at Basle. 
In 1528 Martin Lempereur printed the Pentateuch and the Prophets in two 
volumes. The Psalms had been printed separately in 1525 by Colines at Paris. 
Lempereur again reprinted some of the volumes in 1529 and 1532, in octavo. 

753. Pentateuch (English). The fyrst boke of Moses called Genesis. 
By William Tyndale. Marlborow: Hans Luft, 1530. 8vo. 

Lent by Francis Fry^ Esq. 
The five books of the Pentateuch have each separate titles, and were probably 
issued separately. Genesis and Numbers are in black letter, while the other 
three books are in Roman. 

754. Bible (German). Ziirich : C. Froschover, 1531. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
Translated by Leo Jude and others. Woodcuts said to be by Holbein. 
See distaff of Eve and cannon and armour of Paul's escort. 

755. Bible (Latin). Paris : Robertus Stephanus, 1532. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
This is Robert Stephens's second Bible, of which he edited and published 
eight distinct editions between 1528 and 1556-7. 

756. Bible (Dutch). Gheprint Thantuerpen, By my Willem Vorster- 
man, 1533-4. Folio. Lent by Henry /. Atkinson^ Esq. 

756*. Bible (German). Biblia, Getruckt zu Franckfurt am Mayn, Bel 
Christian Egenolph, 1534. Folio. Lent by Francis Fry^ Esq. 
This very scarce Bible in the type and woodcuts closely resembles the 
Coverdale Bible of 1535, but from a careful comparison we confidently affirm 
that the type and the woodcuts are not identical with those of the Coverdale 
Bible. 

757. Bible (Latin). Paris : R. Stephanus, 1534. 8vo. 

L^nt by Hetiry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
This is Stephens's third Bible. 

758. New Testament (English, Tyndale's). ^ The ne-/we Testament, 
dyly /gently corrected and/ compared with the/ Greke by Willyam/ 
Tindale ; and fynes-/shed in the yere of ou/re Lorde God./ 
A. M. D. 1. xxxiiij./ in the moneth of/ Nouember./ Antwerp : by 
Marten Emperowr, 1534. 8vo. 

Le?it by W. Amhurst Tyssen-Amhurst^ Esq. 
Sixteen preliminary leaves, viz. Title within a woodcut border ; on the re- 
verse, *' C W. T. vnto the Reader." 17 pages ; '* C A prologe into the .iiii. 
Euangelystes "/ (**. ii.) 3^ pp., the remaining half-page being occupied by 
•'€A warninge to ye reader if ought be/ scaped thorow necligence of the 
prynter." Then comes, on ** .iiii./ "Willyam Tindale/ yet once more to the/ 
christen reader."/ 9 pages : next page blank. Then follows the second title 
CThe ne-/we Testa-/ment, C Imprinted at An-/werp by Marten/ Emperowr./ 
Anno. M.D.xxxiiij./ On the reverse is "CThe bokes conteyned in the/ 
newe Testament." 27 lines, the last 4 not numbered. The Text b^ins with 
folio I (so in error for folio ii.) on A. ii. with a small woodcut of St. Matthew 



1 1 6 Canton Celebrate om 

filling the space of lo lines, nearly an inch wide. Revelations end on the top 
of the reverse of folio ccclxxxiii. with "The ende of the newe/ testament. / 
Then follows on, "These are the Epistles ta-/ken oute of the olde testament, 
ending on the bottom of the recto of folio cccc with ** C Here ende the epistls 
of the olde/ Testament."/ Next come on the reverse of folio cccc. *'C This is 
the Table/ whe/re in you shall fynde/ the Epistles and/ the Gospels/ after the 
vse of/ Salsbury." i8 pages, and 4 lines of the next page, followed immediately 
by, "C These thinges have I added to fill/ vp the lesse with all."/ Occupying 
the remainder of that and the following page, ending at the bottom of the recto 
of Ee. viii. with "CThe ende of this/ boke."/ The reverse of the last leaf 
Ee. viii. is blank. The woodcut borders of the two titles are alike, except that 
while the shield at the bottom of the first is blank, that in the second is occu- 
pied by armorial bearings between the initials of Martin Kaiser, the Flemish 
name of the printer, Martin Emperour. Preceding each of the four Gospels, 
the Acts, and most of the Epistles, are small woodcuts, representing the Evan- 
gelists and Apostles, nearly one inch wide, and one and three-eighths inches 
high. In the Revelations are 22 woodcuts, two and three-eights inches by 3^ 
inches. This is Mr. Fry's No. 3, where it is fully described. 

759. Pentateuch (English). By William Tyndale. The fyrst boke of 
Moses called Genesis. Newly corrected and amended by W. T. 
(in roman type). [Marlborow : Hans Luft, 1534.] 8vo. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

William Tyndale's corrected copy of the Pentateuch of 1534 is usually called 

the second edition, but only the first book was reprinted; the other four 

books were not changed. The first edition appeared in 1530. A complete 

copy of the whole five parts is of the highest rarity. 

765. Bible (English). Biblia./ The Bible, that/ is, the holy Scripture 
of the/ Olde and New Testament, faith-/fully and truly translated 
out/ of Douche and Latyn/ in to Englishe./ m.dxxxv./ [Myles 
Coverdale.] \Colophon^ Prynted in the yeare of our Lord 
M.D.XXXV./ and fynished the fourth daye of October./ [Antwerp : 
Jacob van Meteren], 1535. Folio, i if by 8 inches. 

Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 
Eight preliminary leaves. The title is in black within a beautiftil border 
composed of four woodcuts. On the reverse, in a similar type to the text of 
the Bible, are " The bokes of the whole Byble, how they are named/" &c., in 
four columns under the headings, '* Abbreuiacion," "Boke," "Chapters," 
and "leafe." Then comes, on -{-. ii. the Dedication "Vnto the most 
victorious Prynce/" &c. 5 pages, ending on the recto of -j- iiii. with "youre 
graces humble sub-/iecte and daylye oratour,/ Myles Couerdale."/ On 
the reverse begins, "A prologe./ Myles Couerdale Vnto the Christen 
reader."/ with the initial C, six lines deep, 6 pages ; next follows on 
the reverse of the^leaf "The bokes of the hole Byble," occupying 2 pages ; 
then comes in a smaller black letter, on the reverse of the last preliminary leaf, 
"The first boke of/ Moses, called/ Genesis/" i page. The Text is in six 
parts, Genesis to Deuteronomy, Folios i to xc, recto, the reverse blank ; 
Title, "The seconde par-/te of the olde Testament./ The boke of Josua." &c., 
within a woodcut border composed of eight pieces, with "The boke of/ Josua./ 
What this boke conteyneth," on the reverse ; Text, Josua to Hester, Folios ij. 
to cxx. verso, Signature aa ij to vv in sixes : The third Part, without separate 



title-page, Job to Solomons Balettes, Folios i to lij, recto, Signatures Aa to 
li iiij. Title to the fourth Part, within a woodcut border of nine pieces, " All 
the Prophetes/ in Englishe./ Esay, Jeremy " &c., having on the reverse 
"The Prophet/ Esay./ What Esay conteyneth," one page; Text, Esay to 
Malachy, Folios ij to cij verso. Signatures Aaa ij to Rrr vj. Title to the 
fifth Part, "Apocripha/ The bokes," &c., within a woodcut border of 
eight pieces, having on the reverse "The transzlatoure vnto the reader." 29 
lines, and "The thirde boke of Esdras./ What this boke conteyneth." one 
page ; Text, The Third boke of Esdras to the Second boke of the Machabees, 
Folios ij to Ixxxiij (marked Ixxxi.) Signatures A ij to O v, followed by one 
blank leaf. Then comes the title to the sixth Part, "The new testament."/ 
&c., within a border of eight pieces, having on the reverse "The gospell of/ 
S. Mathew./ What S. Mathew conteyneth," one page ; Text, Mathew to 
Revelation, Folios ij to cxiij verso, concluding with "The ende of the new 
testament." on the middle of the page. Underneath is "A faute escaped in 
pryntinge the new Testament. " four lines ; and then comes the colophon near 
the bottom of the page, "Prynted in the yeare of oure Lorde m.d. xxxv./ and 
fynished the fourth day of October." Between the first and second parts is a 
large woodcut map, i if by I5| inches square, entitled, " The desiripcion of the 
londe of promes, called Palestina, Canaan, or the holy londe. "/ 

Let no Englishman or American view this and the six following Bibles with- 
out first lifting his hat, for they are seven extraordinary copies of the Cover- 
dale Bible, containing, with one important exception (the Marquis of 
Northampton's copy), all the variations known of the most precious volume in 
our language. For the latest notes on its history the reader is referred to our 
Introduction to this collection of Bibles, pp. 86-91. Jacob van Meteren, of 
Antwerp, printer and proprietor, and probably the translator, by whom Cover- 
dale was employed to edit and see the work through the press, ha\'ing sold the 
edition to James Nicolson, of Southwark, that English printer and publisher 
seems to have had as much trouble in working off his book as Simmons had in 
selling Milton's " Paradise Lost," if we may judge by the number of new titles 
and preliminary leaves found in different copies. First, we have here in the Earl 
of Leicester's copy. Van Meteren's original Antwerp title, as first issued, with 
part of the list of "The bokes of the hole Byble," ending with Malachi on the 
reverse. Of course the second leaf would be a continuation of this list of "The 
bokes " from the Apocrypha to Revelation, and hence we may infer that the 
volume originally contained no dedication to Henry VIII and his "dearest iust 
wife Anne," [Bulleyn] or Jane [Seymour], for that would cause the dedication to 
commence on the verso of the second leaf. Besides, we have in this copy of 
the Earl of Leicester a unique leaf, containing the end of Coverdale's Prolc^e 
to the Reader, in the Antwerp type of the body of the book. If our calcula- 
tions are correct, Coverdale's Prologue to the Reader would commence on the 
verso of the second leaf and end with this page in the Holkham copy, thus de- 
monstrating almost to a certainty that there was originally no dedication to the 
King. This being the case, Nicolson, towards the end of 1535, finding the 
Convocation, Cranmer, Cromwell, and the King, more propitious towards free 
Scriptures in English than they had been in Sir Thomas More's time when he 
went over to Antwerp, had abundant reason for cancelling the Antwerp title 
and reprinting all the preliminary matter, so as to admit the long and rather 
fulsome dedication to Henry, which Coverdale probably concocted in London 
to suit the occasion and to pave the way to a royal licence. These two unique 
perfect leaves, the first and the last of the original four or six preliminary 
leaves, therefore render this (the Earl of Leicester's copy) of unspeakable im- 
portance in the bibliographical history of the Book. 



1 1 8 Canon Celebration* 

Nicolson then, it seems, cancelling the originals, replaced them with eight 
preliminary leaves, inserting Coverdsde's Dedication of five pages and leaving 
verso of title blank. A copy of Nicolson's first title with date 1535, the reverse 
blank, is in the library of the Marquis of Northampton ; very important as 
proving that there was no delay in issuing the volume, as some writers have 
claimed there was. Nicolson, it is well known, possessed the original wood- 
cuts of the work, including the map and the title. The arrangement of the 
title is very beautifiil, and Nicolson, we think, somewhat improved upon the 
original. He added two lines to the last motto so as to complete the sense, 
instead of leaving it to end with &c. like the Antwerp title, but as his type was 
larger than the foreign type, and the cartouche of the wood-block was confined, 
he was obliged to drop one line, and hence were omitted the only words he 
could well omit, "and truly .... out of Douche and Latyn," about which 
omission pages and pages of pure nonsense have been written for and against 
the honour and credit of Coverdale. It is true that the words left out tell 
strongly in favour of the translation being done by a foreigner, but in the 
London dedication Coverdale having mentioned his use of "fyue sundry inter- 
preters" in "setting forth" the work, he and Nicolson avoided a seeming 
contradiction by omitting these words. The omission, however, was unques- 
tionably and simply a matter of the printer's taste and convenience, the truth 
having been more fully and accurately explained by Coverdale himself, in his 
Epistles to the King and to the Reader. Nicolson's first or separate edition of 
the Dedication contains the name of Queen Anne, while the Dedication in his 
folio reprint of 1537 has instead the name of Queen Jane, who was married 
to the King, May 20, 1 536, showing that it was printed after this date. 

Nicolson not only sold off this original edition in 1535 and 1536, but he im- 
mediately printed two other editions in English type, the one in folio and the 
other in quarto, both bearing the date of 1537, though probably printed mostly 
in 1536. It has been a much debated question as to which of these editions of 
Nicolson was the earlier. We are inclined to give the precedence to the folio, 
first because the preliminary leaves that appear in it were used to make up the 
Antwerp edition with a title dated 1536, like the Earl of Jersey's and the 
Gloucester Cathedral copies, having in the Dedication the name of Jane ; and, 
secondly, because neither the 1536 nor 1537 folio titles bear the words "Set 
forth with the kinges moost gracious licence," which appear at the bottom of 
the title of the quarto edition. It is not unlikely that when Grafton obtained 
his licence to "set forth" the Matthew Bible in 1537, a similar favour was 
granted to Nicolson for his three editions of the Coverdale Bible, though it 
was too late to add these words to the titles. 

766. Bible (English). Coverdale's. Fynished the fourth daye of 
October, 1535. [Jacob van Meteren, Antwerp], 1535. Folio. 
i2i by 8 inches. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

This copy is imperfect. The title belongs to the Bible printed in 1 549 by 
Raynolde and Hyll. The dedication leaves containing the name of Queen 
Jane are from the second edition (folio) of the Coverdale Bible printed by 
Nicolson, of Southwark. It also wants the map. 

767. Bible (English). Coverdale's. Nearly complete. Qacob van Mete- 
ren, Antwerp]. 1535. Folio. Lent by the Sion College Library. 

A MS. note pasted in the cover says this copy was borrowed by the British 
Museum, August 19, 1772, to complete their copy by facsimiles taken from it. 
Certain leaves then wanting in this copy have been added, since it appears now 
to want only the original title-page and map. The name of Queen Jane is in 
the Dedication. 



Cla0j5 C.—l^oIp &cripturc0^ 119 

768. Bible (English). Coverdale's. Another copy. [Antweip : Jacob van 
Meteren], 1535. Folio. Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

This is a good copy correctly made up with facsimile. 

769. Bible (English). Coverdale's. Another copy. [Jacob van 
Meteren, Antwerp], 1535. Folio. 12I by 7I inches. 

Lent by W. Amhurst lyssen-Amhurstj Esq. 
An excellent copy, having the title, the next three leaves, and the map in 
facsimile. 

770. Bible (English). Coverdale's. [Antwerp : Jacob van Meteren], 
1535. Folio. i2f by 7I inches. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

This copy has the titles and map in excellent facsimile ; otherwise fine. 

771. Bible (English). ^ Biblia ^ / The Byble : that/ is, the holy 
Scrypture of the/ Olde and New Testament,/ faythfully translated 
in/to Englyshe./ m.d. xxxvi./ S. Paul. II. Tessal. III./ Praye for 
vs, that the word of God/ may haue fre passage t be glorified./ S. 
Paul. Colloss. III./ Let the worde of Christe dwell in you/ plen- 
teously in all wysdome, tc./ Josue. I./ Let not the Boke of this 
Lawe departe/ out of thy mouth, but exercyse thy selfe/ therin 
daye and nyghte, y* thou mayest/ kepe and doe euery thynge ac- 
cordynge/ to it that is wrytten therin./ [ColoJ>hon] Prynted in the 
yeare of oure Lorde m.d. xxxv./ and fynished the fourth daye of 
October./ [Jacob van Meteren, Antwerp], 1535, and [James 
Nicolson, South wark], 1536. Folio. i2i- by 7!^ inches. 

Lent by the Earl of Jersey. 
This is our seventh copy of the Coverdale Bible, and though last by no 
means least. It is, we believe, the only copy known, perfect as it came from 
the hands of the publisher Nicolson ; that is, with the title, reverse blank, and 
the seven other preliminary leaves, together with the map as added by Nicolson ; 
while the rest of the volume is as it came from Van Meteren. The Dedication 
has the name of Queen Jane, showing that the seven leaves are the same as 
those in Nicolson's folio of 1537. The map has the descriptive line at the top 
in English type and not in the Antwerp type, showing that this impression 
was taken off the block in England. We can trace this same block of the map 
as late as the Bishop's Bible of 1 574. We have said before that the blocks used 
in the title and in the body of the book by Van Meteren at Antwerp all passed 
into the possession of Nicolson, and can be traced in many books for many 
years in England. Mr. Francis Fry, in his admirable book called The Bible by 
Coverdale, 1535, has amply proved this. We do not, therefore, credit the oft- 
repeated story that they are the cuts of Hans Sebald Behem of Nurembei^, or 
that they were the identical cuts used by Christopher Froschover of Zurich. 
There is a bare possibility that Froschover at Zurich got up the Coverdale 
type, cuts, title, and map, and having used them in his folio German Bible of 
1 534, sold them at once and secretly to Van Meteren of Antwerp in time for 
him to finish printing the Coverdale Bible by the 4th of October, 1535, and then 
sell the whole stock, books, type, cuts, &c. , to Nicolson of Southwark, and so 
escape the lynx-eyed imperial emissaries and spies. But there are heaps of 
floating straws in the current against this argument, one of which is perhaps 
sufficient to show that these cuts never saw Zurich. The large cut of the 
Tabernacle, used twice, has the words cost, nord, and sAlfD (the v and the j 



1 20 Cajcton Celtbratfon* 

upside down), three unmistakable Flemish words, or such as would not have 
been used in Zurich, Lyons, or Frankfort, but are well suited to the latitude of 
Antwerp. We are rejoiced, therefore, to be privileged to place this world- 
renowned Osterly copy at one end of our rank of seven matchless Coverdales, 
with the equally celebrated Holkhara copy at the other end. 

It remains now to give a brief history of the several vain attempts made during 
the last hundred years to satisfactorily complete our first Bible. In 1772 the 
British Museum and Sion College copies were used to complete each other in 
manuscript. About 1840 the late Mr. John Harris supplied the outer border 
of the title of the British Museum copy by piecing it, and adding a facsimile of 
the cuts from the same block title used in the edition of 1549, having the 
centre inscription in Latin. But when the Holkham copy was brought to 
light, in 1846, it was found that the original inscription was in English on the 
right side as it was on the left. The Osterly copy confirmed this, though dated 
1536. In December, 1849, Mr. Harris, having traced the Holkham title while 
it was in London being bound by Lewis, made an excellent lithographic fac- 
simile of both the title and the list of books on the back of it The late Mr. 
"William Pickering in the meantime had a wood-cut made in facsimile of the 
title of the Museum copy, as first restored by Harris, ^\^th the English inscrip- 
tion on the one side and the Latin on the other. The fourth facsimile is an 
off-tract from Harris's Holkham copy, made by him for Mr. George Oflfor, but 
somewhat inferior to his own. A fifth kind of restoration is to take the title of 
1549, cut out the centre, and put in the Coverdale title of 1535, but this leaves 
the inscriptions all in Latin. The sixth facsimile is from Harris's original 
Holkham stone with the Osterly inset of 1536, the reverse being left blank. 
The seventh is from Harris's stone with the inset from the Marquis of Northamp- 
ton's copy, with date I535> reverse blank. Collectors, bemg very properly 
puzzled how to use these several facsimiles to make up their copies, generally 
insert as many as they can procure. Harris's original stone is still in existence, 
together with the insets of the English titles of both 1535 and 1536. Nicolson 
issued two sets of the Dedication, Prologue, &c., in seven leaves, one with the 
name of Queen Anne, and the other with that of Queen Jane. Mr. Triphook 
reprinted these leaves in old black letter, about 1825, in quasi facsimile. Mr. 
Pickering had a ** seeming " facsimile of the Anne leaves printed on old paper 
at the Chiswick Press. Mr. Harris did them both in his best style, traced 
and lithographed. Mr. George Oflfor did them both also in his style, and both 
sets have more recently been reproduced in facsimile for Mr. Fry. All these 
issues are found in various copies, and, we believe, some copies have all of 
them, or as many as procurable. Still, after all is said and done, no one has yet 
seen of Van Meteren s original preliminary leaves any others besides the title 
and the last one, as described above in the Earl of Leicester's copy. 

772. Bible (French). La Bible en Francoys. Le Viel 

Testament de Lebrieu : t le Nouveau du Grec. [By P. R. Oli- 
vetan, assisted by J. Calvin.] Neufchastel : Pierre de Wingle, 
1535. Folio. Two copies. 

One lent by H. White ^ Esq., and the other by Earl Spencer. 

The first Protestant French Bible, usually called the "Olivetan," from the 
name of one of its translators. 

774. New Testament (German). Das New Testament Deiidsch 
(Luther's). Widerumb fleissig corrigiert. Printed on vellum. 
Augspurg: Heinrich Stayner, 1535. 8vo. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 



Clagfsi C— ll?ol^ &criptuwj2(* 121 

7 7 4*. New Testament (German and Latin). C. Froschover, Zurich, 
1535. 4to. Lent by Mrs. B. F. Stevens. 

This rare edition probably served Nicolson in 1537-38 as a model for his 
New Testament in English and Latin, to which with consent he put Cover- 
dale's name. See No. 798 and 800. 

775. New Testament (German). Luther's second edition. 153 . 
Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

776. Bible (English). The History of the Bible, circa 1535. 8vo. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

777. Bible (Hebrew). With marginal notes in Greek. Basil iae : Ex 
officina Frobeniana, 1536. 4to. Lent by Charles D. Sherbom^ Esq. 

778. New Testament (English). Tyndale's. London [Thomas 
Berthelet?] 1536. Folio. Lent by the Bodleian Library. 

This fine and perfect volume is believed to be the first portion of the Holy 
Scriptures printed in England. 

779. New Testament (English). The newe Testament yet once agayne 
corrected by Wylliam Tyndall, whereunto is added an exhortacion 
to the same of Erasmus Rot. with an Englysshe Kalender and a 
Table / necessary to fynde easly and lyghtely any story contayned 
in the iiii. euangelistes t in the Actes of the Apostles. 1536. Svo. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

At the end of the New Testament in this edition there follow the ** Epystles 

taken out of the Olde Testament / what are red in the Church after the use of 

Salsburye upon certen dayes of the year." This fine, large, clean, perfect 

and matchless copy is fully described by Mr. Fry under his No. 10. 

780. New Testament (English). C The Newe Testament yet once 
agayne corrected by Willyam Tyndale. [Antw^en^?], 1536. 4to. 

Lent by the RaK Dr. Gott. 
This is called the Engraver's mark edition. A fine perfect copy, measuring 
8^ by 5| inches. It is Mr. Fry's No. 9. 

782. New Testament (English). C The Newe Testament yet once 
agyne corrected by Willyam Tindale. [Antwerp?], 1536. 4to. 

Lent by the Earl of Jersey. 
This is called the Mole edition. A very fine tall copy on paper stained 
yellow. Measures 9j^ by 5^ inches. Fry's No. 8. 

783. New Testament (English). C The newe Testament yet once 
agayne corrected by Willyam Tindale. [Ant^verp?], 1536. 4to. 

L^nt by \V. Amhurst Tyssen-Amhurst^ Esq. 
This is called the Blank-Stone edition, and measures 8|^ by 6^ inches. A 
fine and perfect copy. It is Fry's No. 7. 

784. New Testament (Latin). Per D. Erasmum. Coloniae prope 
Diuum Lupum, 1536. 32mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinsofi, Esq, 



122 Cajcton Celebratiom 

790. Bible (English, Coverdale's). Mf Biblia migj The Byble, that/ ' 
is the holy Scrypture of the/ Olde and New Testament, fayth-/ 
fully translated in Englysh, and/ newly ouersene 1 corrected./ 
M.D.xxxvii./ [3 mottos as before] C Imprynted in Southwarke 
for/ James Nycolson,/ Folio. Z^«/ ^^ Francis Fry^ Esq. 

It is still a question whether this folio or Nicolson's 4to is the earlier impres- 
sion. They both appeared in 1537. This reprint of the Coverdale Bible has 
impressions of the original woodcuts and the map, but the type is the regular 
black-letter English. Not a particle of the original Antwerp type has yet, as 
far as we know, been identified in any other book. As the blocks and maps 
came to England it is presumed the fount of type was lost or destroyed. 

791. Bible (English, Coverdale). The Byble that is the holye Scryp- 
ture of the Olde and Newe Testamente faythfully translated in 
Englysh and newly ouersene and correcte. m.v^xxxvii. [the 3 
texts as before] Imprynted in Southwarke in Saynt Thomas Hos- 
pitale by James Nycolson. Set forth with the Kynges moost gra- 
cious licence. 1537. 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer, 

This is generally considered the third edition of the Coverdale Bible, the 
second English Bible printed in England, but the first in the quarto form. 

792. Bible (English, Matthew's). C The Byble,/ which is all the holy 
Scrip-/ture : In whych are contayned the/ Olde and Newe Testa- 
ment truly/ and purely translated into En-/glysh by Thomas 
Matthew./ C Esaye. j./ t^ Hearcken to ye heauens and/ 
thou earth geaue eare : For the/ Lorde speaketh./ m, d, xxxvii,/ 
Set forth with the Kinges most gracyous lycece./ \Colophon\ C The 
ende of the newe Testament,/ and of the whole/ Byble,/ C To the 
honoure and prayse of God/ was this Byble prynted and fy-/ ' 
nesshed, in the yere of oure/ Lorde God a,/ m, d, xxxvii [Ant- * 
werp ? printed by Jacob van Meteren ? and published in London 
by R. Grafton and E. Whitchurch,] 1537. Folio. Fine and 
perfect Lent by the Bodleian Library. 

20 preliminary leaves, viz. Title, within an elaborate woodcut border, 
having on the reverse, "^f These thynges ensuynge are ioyned with/ thyg 
present volume of the Byble."/ The second leaf be^ns on *. ij. with ** The 
Kalender," 4 pp., with "C An Almanack for .xvi ij. yeares," at the bottom 
of the fourth page. The next leaf, *.iiij, begins ♦' C An exhortacyon to the | 
studye of the/ holy Scripture," etc. i page, with large flourished capitals I R i 
the bottom nearly 2\ inches high ; on the reverse is ** C The summe & coi 
tent of all the holy/ Scripture," 2 pp. On the reverse of the fifth leaf begin 
*' C Rogers' Dedication ** C To the moost noble and gracyous/ Prynce Kyng"^ 
Henry the eyght," etc. 3 pp., ending with *' Youre graces faythfull & true sub- 
iect/ Thomas Matthew." beneath which are two large flourished capitals, H R*j| 
Then follows, on signature* *, " C To the Chrysten Readers." and " A tabli 
of the pryncypall matters conteyned/ in the Byble," 26 pp. ; next comes " C Th 
names of all the/ bokes of the Byble," and " C A brief rehersall of the yearc 
passed" etc. i page ; on the reverse of which is a large woodcut filling th 
whole page, representing Adam and Eve in Paradise ; Text, Genesis to Solo-' 
mon's Ballet, Ccxlvij. folioed leaves, the reverse of the last being blank. Then 
comes a second title, in black and red, within a border composed of 16 wood- 



Cla00 C— l^olp &crfpturei2f* 123 

cuts, "The Prophetes/ in English,"/ Esay to Malachy, having on the upper 
comers of the reverse R G, and on the lower comers E W, (the initials pro- 
bably of Richard Grafton and Edward Whitechurch) in large flourished 
capitals, and in the centre a woodcut representing the angel touching the lips 
of the prophet with a coal of fire from the altar ; Text, folioed j to xciiij, end- 
ing at the centre of the reverse, and having the large initials of William Tyn- 
dale below. Next follows the third title, in black and red, *' C The Volume 
of/ the bokes called Apocripha."/ within a border of 15 woodcuts, having on 
the reverse a prologue "C To the Reader," in long lines ; Text folioed ij to 
Ixxxj. ending on the reverse, and followed by a blank leaf. Then comes in 
black and red, within the same woodcut border as the first title, *' t^ The 
newe/ Testament of/ oure sauyour Jesu Christ,/ newly and dylygently trans- 
lated/ into Englyshe with annotacions/ in the Mergent to help the/ Reader to 
the vnderstan-/dynge of the/ Texte./ C Prynted in the yere of/ oure Lorde 
God./ M.D. XXXVII. /" reverse blank ; Text, Matthew to Revelations, folioed 
ij. to Cix. ending on the recto. On the reverse begins "This is the Table/ 
wherin ye shall fynde the Epi-/stles and the Gospels, after the/ vse of Salis- 
bury," 5 pp. ; on the next leaf is the Colophon given above, reverse blank. 
Really edited by John Rogers, the first martyr under Queen Mary, 1555. It 
was printed abroad, the expense of the work being defrayed by R. Grafton and 
E. Whitchurch, two citizens of London. By Cranmer's and Cromwell's influence 
it received royal authority. It now appears tolerably evident that the enter- 
prising foreign citizen of Antwerp, Jacob van iMeteren, who printed Coverdale's 
Bible and sold the edition to Nicolson, with cuts, map, and probably the type 
(lost), got up and printed this Bible also, and sold the whole edition to Grafton 
and Whitchurch, together with the special plant thereto belonging. Rogers and 
Van Meteren were relatives by marriage. See our Introduction, page 89-90. 

793. Bible (English). Matthew's. [Antwerp? Printed by Jacob van 
Meteren?] London: Grafton & Whitchurche, 1537. Another 
copy. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

794. Bible (English). Matthew's. Another not quite perfect copy 
[Antwerp ? Printed by Jacob van Meteren ?] London : Grafton 
and Whitchurch, 1537. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

795. Bible (English). Matthew's. Another copy, wanting title 
[Antwerp ? Jacob van Meteren ?] London : Grafton and Whit- 
church, 1537. Folio. Lent by Samuel Hare^ Esq. 

795*.Bible (French). Illustrated. Paris, 1537-1538. Folio. 

L^nt by Henry IVhite^ Esq. 

796. Bible (German). Zurich : C. Froschover, 1538. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

797. New Testament (English, Coverdale's). ^ The new/ Testament 
of oure/ Sauyour Jesu/ Christ/ Faythfully translated, &/ lately 
correcte : wyth a/ true concordaunce in the/ margent, & many 
neces-/sary annotacions decla-/rynge sondry harde pla-/ces 
coteyned in the text./ C Eymprct in the yeare/ of our Lorde 
M.d. XXX viii./ \Colophon'\ C Imprynted at Antwerpe, by Matthew/ 
Crom. In the yeare of oure Lorde/ M.D. xxxviii./ 8vo. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 



124 Cajcton Celebcatiom 

Eight preliminary leaves, viz. the Title, in red and black, in a small com- 
partment surrounded by a beautiful and elaborate woodcut border, having on 
the reverse *'C An Almanack for xxxii. yeares." The second leaf begins on 
*ij with the Kalendar which fills eight pages. The sixth leaf begins "C A 
Prologe vnto/ the newe Testament. ' 5 pp. with the running titles in red. 
On the reverse of the eighth leaf, above a woodcut, is '* ^^ A prologe of/ 
Saynt Matthew." The Text in long lines, black letter, neither paged or 
folioed, Matthew to Revelations, signatures A to Z, a to m, in eights, and end- 
ing on the reverse of m viij, with " The ende of the new Testament." Then 
comes " Here followe the/ Epystles of the olde Testament, wliych are/ red in 
the Churche after the vse of Salysbury,/ vpon certayne dayes of the yeare,"/ 
19 pp.; ending on the recto of o ij, followed by *'^^The Table,/ wherin ye 
shall fynde the Epystles and/ the Gospels after the vse of Salysbury,"/ 9 pp. 
and half of the following page, the rest of this and the next three pages being 
occupied by "C The summe &/ content of all the holy Scripture, both/ of the 
olde and new Testament," ending with the colophon ; making in all 16 sequent 
leaves. This is one of the most interesting of all the early editions of the New 
Testament. It possesses many peculiarities, and little seems to be known of 
its history. It is Coverdale's Version of the text, with Tyndale's Prologues. 
The prologues of each of the Evangelists are placed before the books to which 
they severally belong, and Coverdale's summaries of the chapters are placed 
not together before each book as in the edition of 1535, but separately before 
each chapter. At the ends of a greater part of the chapters are Closes, 
or Notes, in a smaller type, which appear here, as far as I can learn, for the 
first time, and add considerably to the interest of this edition. They are quite 
different from the Notes of Matthew as given in the first edition of 1537. The 
woodcut illustrations are far more numerous than in any other edition, there 
being nearly 200 cuts, above twenty of which fill the whole page. Many 
of them are very spirited and beautiful. Matthew begins on the recto of A ; 
Mark on the verso of E. vij. ; Luke on the recto of H. v. ; John on the verso 
of H. iij ; Acts on the verso of Q viij ; Romans on the recto of X. vij. ; 
Timothy on the recto of e. v. ; Hebrews on the verso of h. iij j Revelations on 
the verso of k. i. 

This copy appears to have belonged to Henry VIII, having the arms 
of that sovereign stamped on the covers. It corresponds in every thing but the 
imprint at the end with the Crenville copy in the British Museum. 

It was at one time stolen from the Library of the British and Foreign Bible 
Society, and disposed of to a London Bookseller ; but it was afterwards recovered 
through information given by Mr. F. Fry to Mr. Bullen of the British Museum, 
who compiled the well-known Catalogue of the Bible Society's Library. 

798. New Testament (English and Latin, Coverdale's). The newe 
tes-/tament both Latine and/ Englyshe ech correspondent 
to/ the other after the vulgare texte, com-/munely called S. 
Jeroms. Fayth-/fully translated by Myles/ Couerdale./ Anno. 
M.cccccxxxviii./ Jeremie. xxii./ Is not my worde lyke a fyre 
sayeth the/ Lorde, and lyke an hammer that/ breaketh the harde 
stone ?/ Printed in Southwarkej by James Nicolson./ Set forth 
wyth the Kyn/ges moost gracious licence./ 1538. 4to. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

Six preliminary leaves, viz. Title in black and red, within a border composed 

of four woodcuts, a column on each side supporting a head-piece containing in 

the centre a medallion with a male and a female head ; reverse blank : *' C To 



€U^^ C— l^olp &cn'pture?f. 125 

the moost noble,/ moost gracious, and oure moost dradde so-/ueraigne lord 
Kynge Henry y« eyght, etc. Sig. + »• 3 PP-; On the reverse begins, **To 
the Reader." 3 pp. ; "An Almanack for .xviii. yeares." (the ist, 3rd, and 5th 
words in red) and a Kalendar, in red and black, 4 pp. in double columns, the 
Almanack occupying only the first half of the first column. The text in double 
columns, the Latin in roman type occupying the inner, and the English, in 
black letter, the outer column, begins **C SANC-/tvm iesv christi/ euange- 
liu secundu Matheu." (the N in the first word being printed upside down) with 
folio I [not marked] on A. i. and ends on the verso of folio 344, Vv. vi. fol- 
lowed by, ** C A table to finde the Epistles/ and Gospels vsually red in the 
Church/ after Salysbury vse," 4 pp. in double columns. This is Nicolson's 
first edition of Coverdale's New Testament, printed in Southwark while 
Coverdale was in Paris, superintending the printing of The Great Bible. It is 
a sightly volume, well printed, and on good paper ; but the proof reading was 
so exceedingly bad, and the blunders of all sorts were so numerous, that Cover- 
dale on receiving a copy in July 1538 was so mortified and annoyed, that he at 
once put to press in Paris another edition more correct, which was finished in 
November. His dedication to the King was written in Paris in Lent, 1538, 
and sent to Nicolson, who issued the volume in time for Coverdale to receive 
by chance a copy in Paris in July following. See No. 799* 

New Testament (English, Coverdale's). C The new testament 
both in/ Latin and English after/ the vulgare texte :/ which is 
red in/ the churche./ Translated and corrected by My-/les 
Couerdale: and prynted in/ I'ans. by Fraunces Regnault./ 
M. ccccc. xxxviii/ in Nouembre./ Printed for Richard Grafton/ 
and Edward Whitchurch/ cytezens of London./ Cum gratia t 
priuilegio regis./ 1538. 8vo. Zenf by the Rev. Dr. Gotf. 

Another Copy, lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
Title in red and black within a very beautiful architectural woodcut border, 
reverse blank; Coverdale's Dedication "CTo the ryght honorable lorde 
Cromwell" 2 pages, -f ij ; '* C To the Reader." + iij, 2 pages; **C^« 
Almanack for .xvii. yeares." I page ; Kalender 6 pp. next page blank ; in all 
7 prel. leaves. Text, Matthew to Revelations, cclxxiiij folioed leaves, ending 
with the 1 8th line on the reverse. In the centre of the same page begins, 
*'4I A table to fynde the Epist-/les and Gospels vsually red in the/ Church 
after Salysbury vse," etc. filling that and the four next pages, concluding on 
the reverse of M M iiii, with ** C The ende of the table." This is Coverdale's 
revised or authorized edition, printed at Paris under his own eye, in conse- 
quence of the errors of Nicolson's edition printed in London during his absence. 
The English text, the running titles, the folios, and the headings of the chap- 
ters in English, are in a small black letter, while the Latin text occupying the 
inner column and the marginal notes is in small roman type. There are forty- 
nine lines in English, and sixty in Latin on a full page. There are no wood- 
cuts, except one on the first leaf of the text. In his dedication to Cromwell 
Coverdale gives the following interesting details respecting this and his pre- 
vious editions, reprinted verbatim. " Trueth it is, that this last lent I 
dyd with all hublenesse directe an Epistle vnto the kynges most noble 
grace : trustinge, that the boke (wher vnto it was prefixed) shulde afterwarde 
haue bene aswell correcte, as other bokes be. And because I coulde not be 
present my selfe (by the reason of sondrye notable impedimetes) therfore in 
asmoch as the new testsment, which I had set forth in English before, doth so 
agree wyth the latyn, I was hartely well contet, that the latyn and it siiulde be 



1 26 CajCton Celebratiom 

set together : Prouyded allwaye, that the correctour shulde followe the true 
copye of the latyn in anye wyse, and to kepe the true & right Englishe of the 
same. And so doynge, I was cotet to set my name to it. And euen so I dyd : 
trustinge, though I were absent & out of the lande, yet all shuld be well : 
And (as God is my recorde) I knew none other, till this last Julye, that it was 
my chauce here in these parties at a straungers hande, to come by a copye of 
the sayde prynte. Which whan I had perused, I founde, that as it was dis- 
agreable to my former translacion in English, so was not the true copye of the 
latyn texte obserued, nether the english so correspondent to the same, as it 
ought to be : but in many places both base, insensyble, & cleane contrary, not 
onely to the phrase of oure language, but also from the vnderstondyng of the 
texte in latyn. Wherof though no man to this houre did wryte ner speake to 
me, yet for asmoch as I am sworne to the trueth, I wyll fauoure no man to the 
hynderaunce therof, ner to the maynteyning of anye thing that is contrary to 
the ryght & iust furtheraunce of the same. And therfore, as my dewtye is to 
be faythfull, to edifye, and with the vttemost of my power to put awaye 
all occasions of euell, so haue I (though my businesse be greate ynough besyde) 
endeuoured my selfe to wede out the fautes that were in the latyn & English 
afore : trustinge, that this present correction maye be (vnto them that shall 
prynt it herafter) a copye sufficient. But because I may not be myne owne 
iudge, ner leane to myne owne pryuate opynion in thys or anye lyke worke of 
the scripture, therfore (according to the dewtye that I owe vnto youre lord- 
shippes office, in the iurisdiction ecclesiasticall of oure most noble kynge) 
I humbly offie it \Tito the same, besechinge you, that (where as this copye hath 
not bene exactly followed afore, the good hart and wyll of the doars may be 
considered, & not be necligence of the worke : Specially, seing they be soch 
men : which as they are glad to prynt and set forth any good thyng, so wyll 
they be hartely well content, to haue it truly correcte, that they them selues of 
no malyce ner set purpose haue ouersene. And for my parte (though it hath 
bene daage to my poore name) I hartely remitte it, as I do also the ignoraunce 
of those, (which not long agoo) reported, that at the prynting of a right 
famous mans sermon, I had depraued the same, at the doyng wherof I was 
thirtie myle from thence, neither dyd I euer set pene to it, though I was de- 
syred. Now as concerning this texte of lat)m, because it is the same that is 
red in the church, & therfore comoly the more desyred of all men, I do not 
doute, but after that it is examined of the lerned (to whom I most hartely 
referre it) it shall instructe the ignoraut, stoppe the mouthes of euell speakers, 
& induce both the hearers and readers to fayth and good workes :". Marke 
begins on the recto of E iij, Luke on the recto of H, John on the recto of 
M vij, Acts on the recto of Q iij, Romans on the verso of V viij, Revelations 
on the verso of J J viij. 

800. New Testament (English and Latin, Hollybush). The newe 
tes-/tament both in Latine and/ Englyshe eche correspondente 
to/ the other after the vulgare texte, com-/munely called S. 
Jeromes. Fayth-/fullye translated by Johan/ Hollybushe./ Anno. 
M.ccccc.xxxviii./ Jeremie. xxi./ Is not my worde lyke a fyre 
sayeth the/ Lorde, and lyke an hammer that/ breaketh the harde 
stone./ Prynted in Southwarkej by James Nicolson./ Set forth 
wyth the Kyn-/ges moost gracious lycence./ 1538. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

Six preliminary leaves, viz. Title all in black, within a woodcut border like 

the preceding edition, reverse blank : " C To the moost noble,/ moost 



€U00 C— Igolp fecciptureg?* 127 

gracious, and oure moostdradde so-/ueraigne lord Kynge Henry y* eyght, kyng 
of Englade/ and of Fraunce. Defender of Christes true fayth, and vnder/ God 
the chefe and supreme heade of the church/ of Englande, Irelande, 1c./" 
3 pages, signed by Myles Couerdale ; the C at the beginning of this 
address is in red, while in the former edition it is black. On the 
reverse begins, "To the Reader", 3 pages; "An Almanack for .xviii. 
yeares." (These words are in black) occupying half of the first column, 
and the Kalendar, the rest of that and the three following pages, as in 
the first edition. The Text as m the first issue, begins " € Sanc-" (the 
N here printed correctly) with folio i (not marked) on A. i. and ends on the 
reverse of folio 342, Vv. vi. "C A table to finde the Epistles/ and Gospels 
vsually red in the churchej after Salysbury vse." 4 pages in double columns. 
This is Nicolson's Second Edition of Coverdale s New Testament, and 
so closely resembles the first, that it is difficult to distinguish them without 
having both before you. They are however distinct editions throughout, 
though, being printed generally page for page, they are sometimes used 
to make up each other. Nothing is known of Hollybush, whose name 
appears on the title page. It is probably a pseudonym adopted by the 
printer, in consequence of the complaints of Coverdale against the inaccura- 
cies of the former edition. A great many changes were made in this edition, 
both in the Latin and English texts, yet, from new blunders, it cannot 
be called on the whole any more accurate than the first. 

809. New Testament (Latin). 1538. 4to. 

Le7tt by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

811. Bible (English, Taverner's). The Most/ Sacred Bible,/ Which is 
the holy scripture, con-/teyning the old and new testament,/ trans- 
lated into English, and newly/ recognised with great diligence/ 
after most faythful exem-/plars, byRychard/Tavemer./ i^^Harken 
thou heuen, and thou earth gyue/ eare : for the Lorde speaketh. 
Esaie. i./ ^- Prynted at London in Fletestrete at/ the sygne of 
the Sonne by John Byd-/dell, for Thomas Barthlet./ 1^" Cvm 
Privilegio/ ad imprimendum solum./ m. d. xxxix./ Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Title, within a border of four woodcuts, the top one having in the centre a 
male and female head within a circle, the whole surrounded with a double 
black line, reverse blank ; Dedication begins on ij^. ij. "5^ To the most 
noble, most mighty, and most/ redoubted prynce, kynge Henry the. VIII." 
etc. I page ; on the reverse, " 5^ These thynges ensuynge are/ joyned w* this 
present vo-/lume of the bible.", and "i^° An exhortacion to the diligent/ 
studye of the holy scripture/ gathered out of the Bible "/ i page. The third 
leaf begins " The Contentes of the Scriptvre " 2 pp. in long lines ; The fourth 
leaf begins "The Names of the Bokes of the Byble.", i p. in two columns ; 
on the reverse, " 1^" A briefe rehersall of the yeres passed," etc. filling about 
a quarter of the page ; then comes "^" A Table of the principal maters/ 
conteyned in the Bible.", filling in double columns that and the next twenty- 
four pages : making in all 16 preliminary leaves. Text, in double columns. 
Genesis to Solomon's Ballet, ccxxx folioed leaves, with signatures A to Z, Aa 
to Oo in sixes, and Pp in eight leaves. Then follows a title without any border, 
"5o»The Boke of/ the Pro-/phetes." etc. reverse blank ; Text, beginning on 
AA. ij. Esaye to Malachi, Lxxxxi folioed leaves, sigs. AA. to PP. vij ; then 
comes on PP viij. a third title, also without any border, "^^The Volvme of/ 



128 CajCton CtUbratiom 

the Bokes cal-/led Apocripha."/etc. reverse blank ; Text, Third book of Esdras 
to Second Machabees, LXXV folioed leaves, followed by one blank leaf. Sigs. 
Aaa to Mmm in sixes, and Nnn in four leaves. Then comes the New Testa- 
ment title, within a border the same as the first title, reverse blank ; Text, 
Matthew to Revelations, folios ii 'to ci, ending near the centre of the reverse, 
sigs. A. ij. to R. v. Then follows '* CThis is the Table wherin ye shall/ fynde 
the Epistles and the Gospels/ after the vse of Salisbury." 5 pp. in double 
columns, ending at the bottom of the fifth page with this Colophon, *' C To the 
honour and prayse of God, was this Byble/ prynted : and fynyshed, in the yere 
of/ our Lorde God, a/ M. D. xxxix./ The last page is blank. This is generally 
known as Tavemer's Bible, and is very seldom found quite complete. This 
copy, like all others I have seen, wants signature K, or folios 55 to 60 in 
the New Testament. This hiatus of six leaves was probably intended to be 
filled with a Prologue to the Epistle to the Romans. 

812. Bible (English). Another copy. Recognised by Richard 
Taverner. London: John Byddell for Thomas Berthelet, 1539. 
Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

813. Bible (English, "Great Bible"). C The Byble in/ Englyshe, 
that is to saye the con-/tent of all the holy scrypture, bothe/ of y* 
olde and newe testament, truly/ translated after the veryte of the/ 
Hebrue and Greke textes, by y® dy-/lygent studye of dyuerse ex- 
cellent/ learned men, expert in the forsayde/ tonges./ C Prynted 
by Rychard Grafton 1/ Edward Whitchurch./ Cum priuilegio ad 
imprimen-/dum solum./ 1539./ \Colophon\ The ende of the new 
Testamet :/ and of the whole Byble, Fynisshed in Aprj'll,/ Anno. 
M. CCCCC. xxxbi./ A dno factu est istud,/ Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Six preliminary leaves, viz. I. Title, in black and red within Holbein's beauti- 
ful woodcut border, having on the reverse ** C The names of all the bookes of 
the Byble/ t the content of the Chapters," etc. 2. * ii, "The Kalender/ 
January,/ hath. xxxj. dayes. The mone .xxx./ (all these words in red) 2 leaves, 
in red and black, having * C An Almanach for. xix, yeares./ on the last half of 
the verso of the third leaf, with three lines underneath in black, preceded by a 
C in red. 4, * iiij, **C An exhortacyon to the studye of the holy/ Scripture 
gathered out of the Byble."/ i page, the letter S in Scripture directly under 
the letter r in exhortacyon. On the reverse " C The summe and content of all 
the holy/ Scripture, both of the olde and new testament. " 2 pp. ; the fifth leaf 
beginning "loue to al me,". On the reverse '*CA Prologue, expressynge 
what is/ meant by certayn signes and tokens that we/ haue set in the Byble . *./ 
the initial F filling the space of five lines, and the last line being "for euer. 
Amen." with "God saue the Kynge," in large letters 2^ inches below. 6. 
" C A descripcyon and successe of the kyn-/ges of Juda and Jerusalem," etc. 
beginning " Dauid raygned ouer Israel the .iij. c. xxix. yere " : On the middle 
of the reverse begins " GWyth what iudgement the bokes of the/ Olde Testa- 
ment are to be red." The text is divided into five parts, each with separate 
titles except the first : Part I, Genesis to Deuteronomiu, 84 leaves, Fo, j, to 
Fo, Ixxxiiij, Genesis beginning with the initial I nine lines deep, and Deute- 
ronomy ending in the middle of the recto with " C The ende of the fyfth bo-/ke 
of Moses, called in the Hebrue/ Elle Haddebarim, and in/ the Latin./ Deu- 



Claj2f0 C— !^olj fe>crfpturejaf> 129 

teronomium," reverse blank : Title " CThe second/ parte of the Byble con-/ 
tayning these/ bookes." within a border composed of i6 woodcuts, the lower 
left hand comer one representing three women kneeling before a man sitting, 
reverse blank ; Text, Josua to Job, 122 leaves, Fo. ij. to Fo. cxxiij. beginning 
•* AFter the death of Mo- "/ and ending on the reverse of folio 123, followed 
by a blank leaf. Title ** C The thirde/ parte of the Byble con-/taynyng these/ 
bookes."/ in a border of 16 woodcuts, the second one from the top on the 
right hand side representing an old man kneeling to the king sitting, with a 
soldier holding a halberd in his left hand standing behind the old man, reverse 
blank. Text, Psalmes to Malachy, 133 leaves, Fo. ij. to Fo. cxxxiij. ending 
on the middle of the recto with "synge. '."/ for the last line, reverse blank. 
The title of the fourth Part, unlike any of the other editions, is within the same 
woodcut border as the first title, "CThe Volume of/ the bokes called Hagio- 
grapha."/ having on the reverse, ** To the Reader." fifty-four long lines ; Text, 
The .iij. boke Of Esdras to The seconde boke Of the Machabees, 79 leaves, 
Fo, ij. to Fo. Ixj, so misprinted for Fo. Ixxx. ending at the bottom of the 
reverse with "now make an ende." for the last line. The title of the fifth 
Part, unlike that of any of the other editions, is within a border composed of 
six woodcuts. "CThe newe Te-/stament in englyshe translated/ after the 
Greke, cotaynig/ these bookes. "/ reverse blank ; Text, Mathew to The Revela- 
cyon, 102 leaves. Fo ii, to Fo. ciij, ending with the fourteenth line in the first 
column of folio 103 with "Jesu. The grace of oure/ Lorde Jesu Christ/ be 
with you/ all./ Amen."/ In the centre of the same column begins, " C A 
Table to fjmde/ the Epistles and Gospels vsually red in the/ chyrch, after 
Salysbury vse," filling that and the three next pages, ending with the colophon 
given above near the bottom of the reverse of the 104th leaf. This is the first 
edition of The Great Bible, commonly called Cranmer's Bible, of which, during 
the years 1539, 1540, and 1541, there were seven distinct editions, reprinted 
throughout, but so closely resembling each other that of five of them the leaves 
of each begin and end alike, and are often used, ignorantly or dishonestly, to 
make up each other. The same similarity exists between the two other 
editions. There is little difference in the commercial value and bibliographical 
interest of the seven editions. Any one of them complete, genuine, and in 
good condition, is an ornament to any library, public or private. Indeed, 
perfect copies are much rarer than is generally supposed. Mr. Lea Wilson, in 
our days a most indefatigable collector of Bibles, was so extremely fortunate as 
to possess the whole seven editions, every one of them perfect, or very nearly 
so. It was a labour of years to complete them. But his labours were crowned 
with success, and six of these magnificent volumes (all but this edition of 1539, 
a perfect copy of which was already in the library) Mr. Panizzi added, after 
Mr. Wilson s death, to the Library of the British Museum, at the moderate 
price of ;^8o each. The other volume of Mr. Wilson's set, 1539, a truly mag- 
nificent example, was sold by Mr. Pickering to Mr. Gardner, and in July, 1854, 
was resold in Mr. Gardner's sale by auction for ;^I2I. Mr. Henry Huth is 
now the owner of it. This edition of 1539 differs from all the others in several 
particulars, i. Woodcuts are supjx)rted by a column or border on each side, 
which is not the case in any of the other editions. 2. The border of the title 
to the Apocripha is the same as that of the first title. 3. The New Testament 
title is surrounded by a border of six woodcuts, while in all the other editions it 
has the Holbein border. 4. There are pointing hands in the margins and text, 
all of which have ruffi^s about the wrist, while in the other editions a part of 
the hands are differently shaped with a r»/^ round the wrist. 5. The stars in 
the text of this edition are all six pointed, while in the other editions part of 
them are five pointed. There are, however, minute variations on every page. 
This splendid volume was printed in Paris by Fran9ois Regnault, for Grafton 

K 



130 CajTton CeUbratCom 

and WTiitchurch, in 1537 and 1538. Coverdale superintended the literary 
part and saw it through the press as reviser and corrector, while Grafton 
attended to the business matters. They were interrupted by the Inquisition 
just before the work was finished, so that they had to escape with what they 
could, and finish the work in I^ndon. The type and plant was apparently 
got up secretly for this edition, (as before in the cases of the Coverdale and the 
Matthew Bibles at Antwerp) and after the interruption by the Inquisition, found 
their way to London and were used in producing the six immediately subsequent 
editions of the Great Bible. 

814. Bible (English). The Great Bible. Another copy. London: 
R. Grafton, April, 1539. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

815. Bible (English). The Great Bible. Third copy. London : R. E. 
Whitchurche, April, 1539. Folio. Lent by Henry White^ Esq. 

816. Bible (English, Cranmer's, April). C The Byble/ in Englyshe, 
that is to saye the con-/tet of al the holy scrypture, both/ of y*^ 
olde, and newe testamet, with/ a prologe therinto, made by/ the 
reuerende father in/ God, Thomas/ archbysshop/ of Cantor/bury, 
C This is the Byble apoynted/ to the vse of the churches./ fl 
Prynted by Edward whytchurche/ Cum priuilegio ad imprimen- 
dum solum./ M.D. xl./ \Colop}wn\ The ende of the newe 
Testament :/ and of the whole Byble, Fynisshed in Apryll./ Anno 
M.CCCCC.XL./ + A dno factu est istud./ Folio. Two copies. 

One lent by the Earl of Leicester^ the other by Earl Spemer. 
Ten preliminary leaves : I. within the Holbein border, reverse blank. 2. 
The Kalender. "January." to " Julye." the fifth line in January reading "xix 
e , *, v' Sign. *ii (Star six points) : 3. The Kalender. " Augustus " to " Decem- 
ber," (xixth day of August misprinted xxix,) the last half of the reverse being 
filled by "C Almanacke for, xviii, yeares." all in red except the C, which is 
black : underneath are three lines, one black between two red, the last reading 
•• and syxe houres." ; 4. ** € An exhortacyon to the studye of the holy/ Scrip- 
ture gathered out of the Byble :'/ the S in Scripture being under n in An, and 
the signature being *iiii (in 1539 it is * iiij^ and in December, 1541, there is 
no signature) : on the reverse, " C The summe and content " etc. in the sixth 
line of the fourth paragraph " affeccyon " ; 5. "The contentes of the scripture," 
[continued] beginning, '* loue to all men, after the example of Chryst." 
On the reverse, *' C A prologue, expressynge what is/ meant by certayn sygnes 
and tokens that we/hauesetin the Byble."/ the last line reading "and prayse 
foreuer. Amen."/ 6. "C A descripcyon and successe of the kyn-/ges of 
Juda and Jerusalem," etc. beginning, " DAuid rayned ouer Israeli the. iii. C. 
xxix. yere" etc. (the last line but one of the recto ending with "ad") and 
ending on the middle of the reverse, "into spayne." being the last line, the 
lower half of the page being blank. 7. " The prologue,/ C A prologue or 
preface made by the/ moost reuerende father in God, Thomas Archbyshop of 
Canturbury,"/the initial F filling the space of five lines, and the Latin quota- 
tions printed in the same type as the text. 8. The second leaf of Cranmer's 
Prologue, beginning, " makers shulde be hadd in admiration for theyr hye 
styles and obscure maner of wry tinge,"/ and the last four lines beginning 
severally with the words "prestes," "dowes," "estate" and "beleue, catch 
words "as also ". 9. Third leaf of Cranmer's Prologue, the first line being 
" Thyrdelye where, and in what audience. There and amonge those that 



Cla00 C— ll?olp fe>ccipturc0* 131 

bene studious to le-"/ and the last line of the recto banning, " God, to ende 
in matyers of hygh speculatyo," ending in the centre of the reverse, the last 
being a full line. At the bottom of the page are large flourished capitals, 
H. R. 2^ inches high, and immediately above them are the same capitals J of 
an inch square. lo. '* C The names of all the bookes of the Byble/ and the 
content of the Chapters of euery booke, with the nombre of the leafTe "/ etc. 
reverse blank. Text, Genesis to Deuteronomium, 84 leaves, Fo. i [not 
numbered] to Fo, Ixxxiiij, the first Chapter of Genesis beginning with the 
initial I seven lines deep, " In the bqg;>'nnynge * God"/ and Deuteronomy 
ending on the centre of the recto of folio 84 with "C The ende of the fyfth 
boke of Moses, called in the Hebrue Elle/ Hadderbarim, and in the/ Latin./ 
Deuteronomium."/ reverse blank. Title, " C The seconde/ parte of the Byble 
con-/taynyng these bookes." Josua to Hiob, within a border of 16 wood- 
cuts, the lower left-hand comer one representing Moses with horns on his 
head standing before an army, the same as in the edition of December, 1541 
but in this edition the twelfth line of the title reads, "The. i. booke of ye 
chronycles." ; Text, Josua to Job, 122 leaves, Fo, ii, to Fo, cxxiij, ending on 
the reverse with ** the fourth generacion./ And so Job dyed,/ beynge old &/ 
of a perfect age. "/+ C Josua, Chapter I. begins with the initial A six lines deep, 
•'After y« death of Moses the"/. Title, " C The thirde/ parte of the Byble 
con-/taynyng these bookes."/ in a border of 16 woodcuts, the second one from 
the top on the right-hand side representing the Genealogy of Alexander Mag- 
nus. Text, Psalmes to Malachy, Fo, ii. to Fo, cxxxii, ending on the recto 
with "thers, that I come not ad/ smyte the earth with/ cursynge."/ reverse 
blank. Title, **C The Volume of/ the bokes called Hagiographa. "/ within a 
border of 16 woodcuts, the second one from the top on the right-hand side 
representing a madman astride a hobby-horse. On the reverse, "To the 
Reader." Text, Esdras to The seconde Booke Of the Machabees, Fo, ij, to 
Fo. Ixxx, ending at the bottom of the reverse with " Je-/wes had the citye in 
possessio : And here will/ I now make an ende."/ Title, within Holbein's 
woodcut border, the same as the first title, "C The newe Te-/stamet in 
englyshe translated/ after the Greke cotayning/ these bookes."/ the arms of 
Cromwell being retained, and the word newe in the first line in red Text, 
Mathew to The Reuelacion, Fo, ij, to Fo. ciii, (marked Fo. ciiii.) ending with 
the 14th line on the first column of the recto of folio 103, " The grace of our 
Lor-/de Jesu Christ be/.', wyth you.*./ all./ Amen."/ In the middle of 
the same column begins, " C A Table to fynde/ the Epistles and Gospels 
vsually red in the/ church, after Salysbury vse, wherof ye first/ lyne is the 
Epistle, & the other the Gospell :"/ filling that and the three next pages, ending 
on the reverse of folio 104 with the colophon given above, at the bottom of 
the page. 

The second edition of the ** Great Bible," and the first containing Cranmer*s 
Preface. The price of this Bible was fixed by Royal Proclamation at ten 
shillings unbound. Public copies were sometimes attached by a chain to one 
of the pillars of the church, with the King's injunction that it should be read 
with "Discretion, Honest Intent, Charity, Reverence, and Quiet behaviour." 
This is the first edition of the Bible in English with the words on the title-page, 
" Appoynted to the vse of the churches." The " appointment " may be found 
expressed in full in the Kalendar. The authorization of the printing, or the 
licence, is expressed in the words ** Cum priuilegio," &c. 

817. Bible (English). Cranmer's. London: Richarde Grafton [or 
Edward Whitchurch], Fynisshed in Apryll, 1540. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 



1 32 Ca;cton Celebratiom 

818. Bible (English, Cranmer's, May.) C The Byble in/ Englysh, 
that is to saye the content/ of all the holy scripture, both of the/ 
olde and newe Testament with a/ Prologe thereinto, made by/ 
the reuerende father in/ God, Thomas/ archbyshop/ ,', of Cantor 
,*, / bury. C This is the Byble appoynted/ to the use of y^ 
churches/ Prynted by Edwarde Whitchurch/ Cum priuilegio ad 
imprimendum solum./ Finished the xxviii. daye of Maye/ Anno 
Domini/ M.D. XLI./ [Colophon] The ende of the newe Testa- 
ment :/ and of the whole Byble, Fynysshed in Maye,/ Anno. 
M. CCCCC. XL i. / + / C A dno factii est istud. Folio. 

Lent by Mrs. Joliffe. 
Six preliminary leaves, viz. i. Title, within the Holbein border, Crum- 
well's amis effaced, with ** C The names of all the bookes of the Byble," on 
the reverse ; 2. First leaf of "The Kalender."/ * ii (Star 5 points) ninth line 
in January reading "v b Joyce .'. ix" ; 3. Second leaf of "The kalender."/ 
* iii (Star six points) the twenty-ninth line in August, "c Decalla. Jhon bapt. 
xxix " with *' Almanacke for .xviij. yeares."/ occupying the lower half of the 
verso ; 4. ** C A prologue or preface made by the/ moost reuerende father in 
God Thomas Archbysshop of Cantorburye"/ no signature ; 5. Second leaf of 
Cranmer's Prologue, signature * * ; 6. Third leaf of Cranmer's Prologue, sig- 
nature * * ii. ending in the middle of the reverse with the last line, "the 
saluacyon of God."/ with the large initials H. R. below. Text, Genesis to 
Deuteronomium, Fo. i to Fo. Ixxxiiij, the first line of Genesis being, "In the 
be-"/ and Deuteronomy ending on the middle of folio 84 with, "C The ende 
of the fyfth booke, / of Moses, called in the Hebrue. Elle-/haddebarim, and in 
the Latin:/ Deuteronomium."/ reverse blank; Title, within a border of 16 
woodcuts, " € The second e/ parte of the Byble con-/taynynge these/ bookes."/ 
reverse blank ; Text, Josua to Job, Fo. ii, to Fol. cxxiii, ending on the reverse, 
and followed by one blank leaf; Title, within a border of 16 woodcuts, 
" C The thyrde/ parte of the Byble con-/taynynge these/ bookes. "/ " Zachary. 
,*,/ reverse blank; Text, Psalmes to Malachy, Fo ij. to 133, falsely printed 
Fo. cxxxii. ending in the centre of the recto with "chyldren to their fathers, 
that/ I come not to smyte/ the earth wyth/ cursinge."/ reverse blank ; Title, 
within a border of 16 woodcuts, " C The volume/ of the bookes called/ 
Hagiographa. "/ with "To the Reader" on the reverse in long lines ; Text, 
Esdras to Machabees. Fo, ij. to Fo. Ixxx. ending at the bottom of the reverse 
with, "And here/ wyll I nowe make an ende."/ Then comes, within the 
Holbein border, the arms of Cromwell being effaced, "CEThe newe Te-/sta- 
ment in englyshe translated/ after the Greke, cotaynynge/ these bookes : "/ 
reverse blank ; Text, Mathew to Revelacyon, Fo. ij. to Fo. ciiij. (so marked 
for ciij.) ending with the fourteenth line in the first column of the recto with, 
"The grace of our Lord/ Jesu Christ be/ with you/ all/ , *, Amen./ , *,/" In the 
centre of the same column b^ns, "C A table to fynde the/ Epystles and 
Gospels vsually red in the/ church, after Salysbury vse, wherof y« fyrst/ lyne 
is the Epistle, \ the other the Gospell : "/ filling that and the three next pages, 
ending near the bottom of the verso with the Colophon given above. 

819. Bible (English), with Cranmer's Prologue. London : Edward 
Whitchurch, Maye, 1541. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

820. Bible (English, Cranmer's, July). IfThe Byble in/ Englyshe, 
that is to saye the con-/tet of al the holy scrypture, both/ of y* 



Cla00 C— l^ol? &cr(pturtja(* 133 

olde, and newe testamet, with/ a prologe therinto, made by/ the 
reuerende father in/ God, Thomas/ archbyshop/ .*. of Canter .•./ 
bury,/ ^ This is the Byble apoynted/ to the vse of the churches./ 
% Prynted by Rychard Grafton./ Cum priuilegio ad imprimendum 
solum./ M.D. xl./ [Co/op/ion] The ende of the newe Testament :/ 
and of the whole Byble, Fynisshed in July,/ Anno. M. CCCCC. 
XL./ A domino factum est istud/ This is the Lordes doynge. 
Folio. Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 

Seven preliminary leaves, viz. i. Title, within Holbein's border, reverse 
blank : 2. The first leaf of "The Kalender " with signature *ii (star five points) 
the first line in January reading, ' iii A Circumcisyon ', * i " 3. Second leaf of 
**The Kalender," signature *iii (Star five points) the seventeenth line in 
August containing * Rufe martjo-. , *, xxvii " ; On the reverse in the middle of 
the page, " Almanacke for .xviii. yeares "/ 4. First leaf of ** ^ A prologue or 
preface made by the/ moost reuerende father in God, Thomas Archbyshop of 
Canterbury "/ the initial F being twelve lines deep, the twelfth line reading, 
** se to reade, or to heare redde ye scripture in theyr vulgar to- "/ signature +; 
5. Second leaf of Cranmer's Prologue, -+- ii, the last line but one beginning, 
"estate or codicyon soeuer they be, maye i thys booke leame all"; 6. The 
third leaf of Cranmer's Prologue, + iii, the thirtieth line beginning "God at all 
auentures " ; ending on the middle of the reverse, the last line reading, 
"ryght : wyll I shewe the saluation of God." Underneath are the large 
flourished capitals H. R. 7. " ^ The names of all the bookes of the Byble,/ 
and the content of all the Chapters of euery booke, wyth the nombre of the 
leafe/ where the bookes begynne."/ I page, reverse blank ; Text, Genesis to 
Deuteronomium, 84 leaves, Fo. i. to Fo, Ixxxiiii, the last line of the first 
chapter of Genesis reading "mornyng : was made the sixte daye." and Deu- 
teronomy ending in the centre of the recto of folio 84. " ^ The ende of the 
fyfth booke/ of Moses, called in the Hebrue : Elle-/haddebarim, and in the 
Latin/ Deuteronomium."/ reverse blank ; Title, within a border of 16 wood- 
cuts, " ^ The seconde/ parte of the Byble con-/taynyng these/ bookes.'/ the 
first line being black (except the ^, which is red) and the second line being all 
in red, reverse blank. Text, Josua to Job, Fo. ii to Fo, cxxiij, ending on the 
reverse, followed by a blank leaf ; Title, within a border of sixteen woodcuts, 
*' CThe tbyrde/ parte of the Bylale con-/taynynge these/ bookes."/ the word 
"thyrde" being m black, reverse blank. Text, Psalmes to Malachy, Fo. ii 
to Fo. cxxxij, ending on the recto with "and/ smyte the earth with/ 
cursynge."/ reverse blank. Title, within a border of 16 woodcuts, "CThe 
volume of/ the bokes called Hagiographa "/ the three words in the first line 
being in red, and the second woodcut from the top, on the left-hand side, re- 
presenting Daniel in the lion's den ; on the reverse, "To the Reader." in long 
lines. Text, Esdras to Machabees, Fo. ii, to Fo, Ixxx, ending at the bottom 
of the reverse ; Title, within the Holbein border, Cormwell's arms still re- 
tained, "CThe newe Te-/stament in Englyshe translated/ after the Greke 
cotaynynge/ these bookes."/ the first line of the title being all in black, except 
the C, which is red ; reverse blank. Text, Mathew to Revelacyon, Fo, ij. to 
Fo. ciij [not numbered] ending with the fourteenth line in the first column of 
the recto with "The grace of our Lxjrd/ Jesu Christ be/ wyth you all./ ,*, 
Amen. , *,/" In the middle of the same column begins, " C A Table to fynde 
the/ Epistles and Gospels vsually red in the/ church, after Salysbury vse," fill- 
ing that page and the three next, and ending with the colophon given above at 
the bottom of the verso of the last leaf. 



134 Cai:ton Celebration* 

821. Bible (English, Cranmer's, December). 1[The Byble in 
Englyshe, that is to saye the con-/tent of all the holy scrypture, 
both/ of the olde 1 newe testament with/ a prologe therinto, made 
by/ the reuerende father in/ God, Thomas/ archebysshop/ of Can- 
tor-/bury,/ % This is the Byble appoynted/ to the vse of the 
churches/ % Printed by Edward Whitchurch/ Cum priuilegio ad 
imprimendum solum./ An. do. M.D. xl./ iColop/ton] The ende 
of the newe Testament,/ and of the whole Bible, Finysshed in 
December/ Anno. M.CCCCC. XLi./f/A domino factum est 
istud/ This is the Lordes doynge./ Folio. 

Leni by Frauds Fry^ Esq. 

Ten preliminary leaves, viz. i. The Title within Holbein's border, with the 
arms of Cromwell effaced, reverse blank ; 2. First leaf of "The Kalender." 
the fifteenth line in January reading, " A Maure Abbot. iU xv," sign. *ii 
(star 5 points). 3. Second leaf of "The Kalender." Signature *iii (star 6 
points) with an ** Almanacke for .xviij, yeares." occupying the last half of the 
reverse M.d. xlix, being misprinted "M. xlix." 4. "An exhortacyon to the 
studye of the holye/ Scripture gathered out of the Byble :/ " no signature 
(April 1539 has *iiii, and April 1540 has *iiii ;) on the reverse, "CThe summe 
and content of all the holy/ Scripture, both of the olde and newe Testament."/ 
sixth line of the fourth paragraph has, "affection" ; 5. "The Contentes of 
the Scripture,"/ having on the reverse, "C A prologue/ expressynge what is/ 
meant by certayne sygnes and tokens, that we/ haue set in the Byble."/ Twelve 
lines with large initial F, the last line reading " lefte them oute."/ 6. " C A 
description and successe of the kyn-/ges of Juda and Jerusalem," etc. the initial 
D, seven lines deep, beginning, "DAuid raygned ouer Israel the .C. xxix. yere 
of theyr entrynge into the lande,"/ ending a little above the middle of the re- 
verse with, "into Spayne." for the last line, the rest of the page blank ; 7. The 
first leaf of Cranmer's Prologue, signature +, "C A prologue or preface made 
by the/ moost reuerende father in God, Thomas Archbysshop of Cantorburye"/ 
the third line beginning "entrye of this booke," ; 8. Second leaf of Cranmer's 
Prologue, signature + ii, recto beginning "makers shoulde be had in admira- 
tion for theyr hye stiles and obscure maner and wiytynge,"/ and the verso end- 
ing "se, and discerne what is truth."/ 9. The third leaf of Cranmer's 
Prologue, * iij, the first line reading, "Thyrdely where and in what audience. 
There and amonge those that ben studyous to "/ ending in the middle of the 
verso with, "wyll 1/ shewe the saluation of God."/ with the large flourished 
capitals H. R. beneath ; 10. "C The names of all the bookes of the Byble,/ 
and the content of all the Chapiters of euery boke, with the nombre of the 
leafe/ where the bookes begyn. "/ reverse blank. Text, Genesis to Deuterono- 
mium. Fo. i, to Fol. Ixxxiiij, Genesis beginning with initial I fourteen lines 
deep, " In y« begyn-/nyng * god/ created hea-/uen t earth./ The erth/," and 
Deuteronomy ending near the centre of the recto of folio 84. " C The ende 
of the fifth booke/ of Moses, called in the Hebrewe Elle-/haddebarim : and in 
the latyn/ Deuteronomium. "/ reverse blank; Title, within a border of 16 
woodcuts, " C Theseconde/ parte of the Byble con-/tayninge these/ bookes./" 
reverse blank ; Text, Josua to Job, Fo. ii, to Fol. cxxiii, Josua beginning with 
the initial A seven lines deep, " AFter y« death of Moses ye/ seruaut of 
ye Lord,"/ and Job ending on the reverse of folio 123 with "the fourth 
generacio./ And so Job dyed,/ beinge olde, 1 /of a perfect e/ age./ []'/ followed 
by a blank leaf; Title, within a border of 16 woodcuts, " CThe thyrde/ parte 



Cla00 C.-— l^olp &crtpturejJ. 135 

of the Byble con-/taynynge these/ bookes."/ reverse blank ; Text, Psalmes to 
Malachy, Fo. ii to Fo. cxxxii. ending near the middle of the recto with 
"fathers, that I come/ not t smyte the/ earth wyth/ cursinge."/ reverse blank ; 
Title, within a border of i6 woodcuts, '*€ The volume/ of the bookes called,/ 
Hagiographia/" with, *' To the Reader " on the reverse ; Text, Esdras to 
Machabees, Fo. ii. to Fo. Ixxx. ending at the bottom of the reverse with, *'Je-/wes 
had ye cytie in possessyo : And there wyll/ I nowe make an ende."/ Title, 
within Holbein's border, Crumwell's arms effaced, " C The newe Te-/stamet 
in englyshe, translated/ after the Greke, cotayning/ these bookes."/ reverse 
blank : Text, Mathew to Revelations, Fo. ii. to Fo. ciii. ending with the four- 
teenth line of the first column of the recto with, ** The ende of the newe/ Tes- 
tament."/ Underneath in the same column is, *'CA table to fynde the/ 
Epistles and Gospels vsually red in the/ church, after Salysbury/ vse, wherof 
y* fyrst/ lyne is the Epistle, h the other the Gospell " : /filling that and the three 
following pages, ending near the bottom of the reverse with the colophon 
given above. 

822. Bible (English). The Byble in Englyshe. Cum privilegio, 1541. 
Fynyshed in November, 1540. Folio. 

Zent by the University Library^ Edinburgh. 
With Cranmer's Preface. Cromwell having been disgraced by Henry VHI, 
in July, 1540, his arms are erased from the title-page. The full collations of 
the two November editions of 1540 and 1541, together with the two other 
November editions partly reprinted, may be found in Mr. Francis Fry's excel- 
lent book on the Great Bible. The present is a fine large and perfect copy, 
the paper stained yellow after being printed. 

823. Bible (English). Cranmer's. London : Whitchurch, November, 
1 54 1. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

824. Bible (English). Cranmer's. London : Edwarde Whitchurch, 
November, 1 5 4 1 . Folio. Lent by Mrs. Joliffe. 

825. Bible (English), Cranmer's. London : R. Grafton. Finysshedin 
November, 1541. Folio. Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

826. New Testament (German). Freyburg, durch Johannem Fabrum 
Juliacensem, 1539. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq 

827. Bible (Latin). Lyon : Gryphius, 1540. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

828. Concordance (Latin). Lugduni, apud lacobvm Givnctam, 1540. 
4to. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

829. New Testament (English). Erasmus'. 1540. 4to. 

L^nt by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

830. New Testament (First Islandic). Prykt uti konongluen stad 
Roschyld af mer Hans Barth. xii Dag Aprilis MDxl. Small 
8vo. Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

Excessively rare. This copy is imperfect, wanting all before signature D. 
and the end. Black letter, 33 lines on a page. 



136 Cajcron Celebration* 

831. Bible (Dutch). Den Bibel. Gheprint Thantwerpen By mi Hen- 
rick Peetersen van Middelborch. 1541. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

832. Bible (Swedish). Biblia, Thet ar, All then Helgha Scrifft, pa 
Swensko. [Translated from the German version of M. Luther by 
O. Petri and L. Petri.] 6 parts. First edition. Upsala, 1541-40. 
Folio, with curious woodcuts. Lent by Henry White, Esq. 

The Old Testament is in five parts, each with a separate numeration, and 
the four latter with distinct title-pages ; the first four parts are dated 1540. 

833. New Testament (Latin). Paris : Robertus Stephanus, 1541. 
8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

834. Bible (Latin). Lugduni, Gryphius, 1542. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

835. Bible (Latin). With woodcuts by Hans Springinklee. Lyon : 
Roville, 1542. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

840. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacrosancta Testameti Veteris & noui, e 
sacra Hebraeorum lingua Graecorumque fontibus, consultis simul 
orthodoxis interpretib. religiosissime translata in sermonem 
Latinum. [By Leo Juda, T. Bibliander and P. Cholinus. The 
New Testament revised and corrected from the translation of 
Erasmus by R. Gaulter. The whole edited by C. Pellican.] 
(De omnibus sancte scripture libris eorumque praestantia. . . H. 
Bullingeri expositio — Argumenta in omnia tam Veteris quam 
Novi Testamenti capita, elegiaco carmine conscripta per R. 
Gualth.) 3 parts. Tiguri : Ch. Froschover, 1543. Folio. 

L^nt by Earl Spencer. 

841. New Testament (Latin). Testamenti/ Novi/ seditio vvlgata./ 
Lugduni/ Theobald Paganus, 1543. 3 2 mo. 

L^ent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

842. New Testament (Latin). Mogvntiae in sedibus luonis Schceffer, 
1543. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

843. Bible (Latin). Venetiis, de Tridino Montisferrati, 1544. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq, 

844. Bible (Latin). Zurich: C. Froschover, 1544. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq, 

845. Bible (German). Die gantze Bibel, das ist alle biicher allts unnd 
neiiws Testaments, den urspriinglichen sepraachen nach, auffs 
aller treiiwlichest verteiitschet. Darzu sind yetz und kommen 
ein. . . Register . . . iiber die gantzen Bibel. Die jarzal und 
rachnung der zeyten von Adamen biss an Christum, mit sampt 
gwiissen Concordantzen, Argumenten, Zalen und Figuren. (Von 
alien bucheren heiliger und Gottlicher gschrifft ... an den Chris- 



Cla00 €♦— l^olp fecripture^* 137 

tenlichen Laser ein klarer Bericht. [by H. Bullinger.] With 
woodcuts.] 2 parts. Zurich : Chnstoffel Froschouer, 1545. 
FoUo. Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

Each part has a distinct title-page, pagination, and register. Printed 
in double columns ; register in eights. 

846. Bible (Latin). Robert Stephanus. 1546. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

847. Bible (ItaUan). La BibUa [da Antonio BruccioU]. Vineggia : 
Girolamo Scotto, 1547. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

848. New Testament (English). The newe Testament of the last 
translacion. By Wylliam Tyndall. With Prologes and Annota- 
cions in the merget. London : Wylliam Tylle, 1 549-1 548. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
This is Mr. Fry's No. 18, to which the reader is referred for a careful collation. 

849. New Testament (English and Latin), London : William Powell, 
1548-47. 4to. Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Mr. Fry's No. 16. 

850. Bible (English). Matthew's version, revised by Becke. Lon- 
don: Day and Seres, 1549. Folio. Sometimes called "the 
Bug Bible." See Psalm xci, 5. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

851. Bible (English). Matthew's version revised by Becke. London: 
Day and Seres, 1549. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

85 1*. Bible (English). Another copy. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

852. Bible (English). Matthew's version, revised by Becke. London : 
Daye and Seres, 1549. Folio. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

853. Bible (English). Matthew's. London : Thomas Raynalde and 
William Hyll, 1549. Folio. Lent by Henry IVJiitey Esq, 

853*. Bible (English). Another copy. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

860. Bible (English). Cranmer's. London, Edward Whitchurch. 
1549. Folio. Lent by James Watkins^ Esq. 

861. New Testament (English, and Latin of Erasmus' translation). 
London: William Powell, 1549. 4to. 

L^nt by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

86 1*. Bible (ist Danish). Biblia, det er den gantske Hellige ScrifTt, 
udsaet paa Danske. [By P. Palladius, O. Gyldenmund, H. Sin- 
nesen, and J. Machabaeus.] First edition. Kobenhaffn, 1550. 
Folio. Lent by the Ra\ Dr. Ginsburg. 



i3« Caj:ton Celebration* 

862. Bible (Latin). 3 vols. Lugduni : Gryphius, 1550. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

863. Bible (English, Coverdale's). C The whole/ Byble,/ that is the 
holy scripture/ of the Olde and Newe testament/ faythfully trans- 
lated into/ Englyshe by Myles Couerdale, and/ newly ouer/sene 
and correcte./ M. D. L./ Pray for vs that the worde of God maye/ 
have free passage 1 be glorified, ii. Tes. iii./ Prj^nted for Andrewe 
Hester, dwellynge/ in Paules Churchyard at the sygne/ of the 
whyte horse, and are/ there to be solde./ Set forth with the 
Kynges/ mooste gracious licence. [Christopher Froschover, 
Zurich, printed] London, A. Hester, 1550. 4to. 

Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 

8 prel. leaves, viz. Title in red and black, within an architectural woodcut 
border, reverse blank ; " C The bokes of the hole Byble/ how they are named 
in Englyshe and / Latyn, and howlonge they are/ wrytten in the allegations," 
I p.; on the reverse, "^^ Vnto the moost victorious Prince & our moost/ 
gracious soueraigne lorde, kynge Ed ward e the syxte," 4 pp. signed "Your 
graces moost humble/ and faithful subiect, Myles/ Couerdale ; " on the reverse 
begins, " Myles Couerdale, to the Christen Reader." 5 pp.; The Kalender, 
beginning with **An Almanacke for xiiii. yeares;" (from 1550) 4 pp. The 
Text begins with a woodcut representing the Creation of Eve on Signature A, 
folio I. and ends with the Second Book of Machabees, with the tenth line on 
the recto of Q Q iv. folio ccccxciiii. the remainder of that page and the 
reverse being blank ; then follows the Text of the New Testament, without 
separate title, on Signature a a. folio i. and ends on the reverse of folio cxxi. 
q q. i. Next comes The Table of the Epistles and Gospels. 5 pp. ending 
with "To the honoure and prayse of God, was this Byble prynted and 
fynished in the yeare of oure Sauoure Jesu Christ M. D. l. the xvj. daye of the 
moneth of August." the reverse blank. This second foreign edition of the 
Coverdale Bible is printed in double columns, in an angular German type, 
similar to that of the first Edition, 1535, but smaller, and is now believed to 
have come from the press of Christopher Froschover, of Zurich. The pre- 
liminary leaves, however, must have been printed in England, as they are in 
an entirely different type, being in small Old English letter. 

863*. New Testament (English, Tyndale's). London : Daye and Seres, 
1550. 8vo. L^nt by Francis Fry^ Esq. 

This is Mr. Fry's No. 26. 

•^864. New Testament (English and Latin). C The new/ Testament in 
Englishe after/ the greeke translation anne-/xed wyth the transla- 
tion of/ Erasmus in Latin./ Whereunto is added a Kalendar, 
and/ an exhortation to the readying of the/ holy scriptures made 
by the same/ Erasmus \vyth the Epistles taken/ out of the olde 
testamet both in Latin/ and Englyshe. wheriito is added a ta-/ble 
necessary to finde the Epistles and/ Gospels for euery sonday 1 
holyday/ throughout the yere after the vse of/ the churche of 
England no we./ C Excusum Londini in officina Thomoe 



Cla00 C*— l^ol? Scripture??. 139 

Gaultier. pro. I. C./ Pridie Kalendas Decembris anno/ Domini. 
M.D. L./ London, 1550. 8vo. Lent by Henry J, Atkinson, Esq. 

14 prel. leaves, viz. Title in red and black within a broad border, with the 
cypher of Edward Whitechurch at the bottom ; on the reverse C An almanacke 
for .xxii. yeares. "J. C. vnto the Christen reder." i page, reverse blank ; 
"C An exhortacion to the diligent studye of scri-/pture, made by Erasmus 
Roterodamus." 9 pages; " C The summe and content of all the holye 
scri-/pture, " etc. 2 pages followed by one blank page ; Kalendar 6 leaves ; 
Text, in double columns, the English in black letter, occupying the outer, and 
the Latin in small roman type, the inner column, A to Hh. v. in eights ; then 
comes "C The Epistles of the old testament." 5 pp. reverse blank ; followed 
by "C A table to fynde the Epi-/stles and Gospels vsually reade in the/ 
Church, accordynge vnto the booke of/ Common prayer :" 3 pp. the reverse of 
the last leaf being blank, This is Tyndale's Translation, edited, as is gener- 
ally, but erroneously, supposed, by Sir John Cheke, though I know not upon 
what authority. All Tyndale's Prologues are omitted, and there are no notes. 
The running titles and the contents of the chapters are in the same type as the 
English text. The references, which are only on the outer margin, are 
in small roman type, like that of the Latin text. There are 54 lines on a full 
page. The paper, ink, and press work are good. There are no woodcuts or 
ornamental capitals, except at the beginning of Mathew. 

865. Concordance (First in English). Marbeck's. London : Richard 
Grafton, 1550. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq, 

866. New Testament (English). Coverdale's (really Tyndale's). 
Zurich : Cb. Froschover, 1550. i6mo. 

Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury, 

867. Bible (German). Wittemberg: Hans Lufft, 155 1. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinsoit, Esq, 
867*. Bible (English). Matthew's [nicknamed the Bug Biblel Lon- 
don : Nicolas Hyll, for Robert Toy [and others], 155 1. \Colophon\ 
Imprinted at the coste and charges of certayne honest men of the 
occupacyon, whose names be upon their bokes. Folio. 

Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
See Psalm xci, 5. *'So that thou shalt not nede to be afraid for any 
Bugges by nighte, nor for the arrow that flyeth by day." Our present version 
reads ** Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night," etc. This reading, 
Bugges^ is common to Coverdale's, Matthew's, and Taverner's versions, all of 
which might as fairly be called *' Bug- Bibles." The Great Bible of 1539, 
Cranmer's, the Genevan, and the Bishops' have terrour. 

868. Bible (English). Taverner's, revised by Becke, with third book of 
Maccabees. London: John Daye, 155 1. Folio. 

Lent by Henry White, Esq, 

869. Bible (English). Taverner's, by Becke, with third book of the 
Macabees. London: John Daye, 155 1. Folio. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Goti, 

870. Bible (English). London, 155 1. Folio. 

Lent by Edward Poulson, Esq, 



140 €axton Celebratiom 

—-871. New Testament (Greek and Latin). Attuvtu tu m^ Kamg oiaQrjKYig. 
Nouum lesv Christi D. N. Testamentum cum duplici interi^re- 
tatione D. Erasmi et veteris Interpretis ; Harmonia item Evan- 
gelica [by A. Osiander. Edited by R. Estienne]. 2 parts. 
[Geneva] : ex Officina R. Stephani, 155 1. 8vo. 

Part 2 has a distinct title-page and pagination, and the harmony is separately 
paged. This is the first edition of the New Testament divided into verses 
according to our present use. 

872. New Testament (English). Tyndale's. Woodcuts. London : 
Richard Jugge, 1552. 4to. Lent by F. Fry, Esq. 

A woodcut in the 13th chapter of Matthew represents the Devil with a tail 
and a wooden leg, sowing tares. 

873. New Testament (Italian). II Nuovo Testamento. 2 vols in i. 
Curious engravings. Lyone : Gulielmo Rouillio, 1552. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

874. Bible (English). Cranmer's. London: Edwarde Whytchurche, 
1553. Folio. L^nt by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

875. Bible (English). Cranmer's. London : Edwarde Whytchurche, 
1553. Folio. Lent by Henry White, Esq. 

876. Bible (Italian). La Bibbia. 1553. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society, 

877. Bible (Spanish). Biblia en Lengua Espanola traduzida palabra 
por palabra de la verdad Hebrayca por muy excelentes letrados 
vista y examinada por el officio de la Inquisicion. Con priuillegio 
del yllustrissimo Senor Duque de Ferrara. Con yndustria y 
deligencia de Duarte Pinel Portugues : estampada en Ferrara a 
costa y despesa de Jeronimo de Vargas Espanol : en primero de 
Marco de 1553. Black letter. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition of the Bible in Spanish for the use of Christians. The only 
difference known between this and the version for the Jews is found in Is. vii., 
14. The Jewish having ** la mo9a" instead of *' la virgen." 

878. Bible (Old Testament). Biblia en lengua Espanola, traduzida 
palabra por palabra dela verdad Hebrayca por muy excelentes 
letrados, vista y examinada por el officio de la Inquisicion. 
[Edited by D. Pinel and A. Usque.] Gothic letter. Large paper. 
Ferrara, 1553. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

On the verso of the title-page occurs the dedication "All yllustrissimo. . . , 
Senor . . . Don Hercole da Este el segundo : quarto Duque de Ferrara." Sub- 
scribed "Jeronimo de Vargas y Duarte Pinel." The Colophon ends as follows : 



Cla00 C— l^olp »)cripture0* 141 

** estampada en Ferrara a costa . . . . de Jeronimo de Vargas Espanol : en 
primero de Mar9o de 1553." This edition does not contain the Apocrypha. 

First impression of the Bible in Spanish. This version was for the use of 
the Spanish Jews. 

885. Bible (Spanish). Biblia en Lengua Espanola. Ferrara, 1553. 
Folio. Large paper. Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

886. New Testament (Dutch). Antwerp : Hans van Ramundt, 

1553. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

887. New Testament (English). Tyndale's. London : Richarde 
Jugge, 1553. 4to. Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

888. New Testament (German). Curious cuts. Coin : Van der 
Miilen, 1553. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

889. Bible (Latin). Petit Bernard's cuts. Lugduni : Johan. Tornaesius, 

1554. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

890. New Testament (Italian). Plates by Petit Bernard. Lione: 
Giovanni de Tornes e Guillelmo Gazeio, 1556. 321110. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

891. Bible Picture Book. Figuren, &c. Engravings by Petit Bernard. 
Lyons: J. van Tournes, 1557. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

892. New Testament (English, Geneva). The/ Newe Testa-/ment of 
ovr Lord Ie-/sus Christ./ Conferred diligently with the Greke, 
and best ap-/proued translations,/ With the arguments, aswel 
before the chapters, as for euery Boke/ & Epistle, also diuersities 
of readings, and moste profitable/ annotations of all harde places : 
wherunto is added a copi-/ous Table./ At ' Geneva j Printed By 
Conrad Badius./ m. d. lvii./ i6mo. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 
On the title page is a woodcut about if inches square, representing Time 
restoring Truth ; On the reverse in small italic letters is ** The ordre of the 
Bookes of the/ Newe testament," Then follows on *. ii. "The Epistle declar- 
ing that/ Christ is the end of the Lawe, by lohn Caluin."/ 8 leaves ; "To the 
Reader **. ii. 4 pages and eight lines of the next ; then comes * The Argv- 
ment " filling the remainder of that page and the next. The text, The Holy/ 
Gospel of lesvs/ Christe, writ/ by S. Matthew./ (a. i,) 430 folioed leaves ; 
* * The Table of the Newe/ Testament. "/ folios 431 to 455, * * The Ende " being 
on the recto, over the colophon. ** Printed by Conrad Ba-/divs M. D. LVII./ 
This/ X. of Ivne.'V On the reverse in 23 lines, italic type, are ** Fautes com- 



V 



Ml CajCton Celebration. 

tnitted in the Printing." Although this is the first New Testament in English 
printed at Geneva, it is not, as some suppose, that which is usually called the 
Gertman Version. That was published three years later. This edition was the 
work of William Whittingham, afterwards Dean of Durham, but at the time 
of its publication residing in exile at Geneva. It is beautifully printed in small, 
clear, roman type, and is remarkable for two characteristics lor the first time 
here introduced into the English translations, viz. the division of the text into 
verses, and the use of italics to indicate those explanatory words not to be found 
in the original tongues. This is not a new translation, but a revision of various 
others, as the editor informs us in his epistle to the reader. *' First as touchig 
the perusing of the text, it was diligently reuised by the moste approued Greke 
examples, and conference of translations in other tonges as the learned may 
easely iudge, both by the faithful rendering of the sentence, and also by the 
proprietie of the wordes, and perspicuitie of the phrase. Forthermore that the 
Reader might be by all meanes proffited, I haue deuided the text into verses 
and sectios, according to the best editions in other langages, and also, as to 
this day the anciet Greke copies mencion, it was wont to be vsed. And be- 
cause the Hebrewe and Greke phrases, which are strange to rendre in other 
tongues, and also short, shulde not be to harde I haue sometyme interpreted 
them without any whit diminishing the grace of the sense, as our lagage doth 
vse them, and sometyme haue put to that worde, which lacking made the 
sentence obscure, but haue set it in such letters as may easely 1^ discerned 
from the comun text." 

893. New Testament (English) translated by Whittingham. Geneva : 
Conrad Badius, 1557. 1 6mo. Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

894. Bible (German, Weissenham). Ingolstatt: Ecken, 1558. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

895. Bible (Italian). Bibbia volgare. [Nicolao de Malermi.] Curious 
engravings. Venegia, 1558. Folio. L^ntby Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

896. Bible (Latin). Paris : C. Guillard, 1558. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

897. Bible (French). La Sainte Bible. A Lyon par Ian de Tovmes, 
1559. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

898. Bible (Dutch). Antwerpen by die weduwe van Jacob van Liesueldt, 
155 3) 15^° [1553 ^t ^"^ O. T.] Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

899. Bible (Dutch). Den Bibel. Antwerp : Hans de Last, 1560 
[date at end O. T. 1553.] Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

909. Bible (English, first Genevan). The Bible/ and/ Holy Scriptvres/ 
Conteyned in/ the Olde and Newe/ Testament./ Translated Ac- 
cor-/ding to the Ebrue and Greeke, and conferred With/ the best 
translations in diuers langages./ With moste profitable Annota-/ 
tions vpon all the hard places, and other things of great/ impor- 
tance as may appeare in the Epistle to the Reader./ At Geneva.j 
Printed by Rovland HalL/ m. d. lx./ 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 



Cla0i2( C— Hjol? »)cripturej2f* 143 

Four prel. leaves. Text, Genesis to II Maccabees, 474 folioed leaves ; New 
Testament, 122 leaves ; ** A Briefe Table" HH.h. iii. to LLl. iii. 13 leaves, 
followed by one page, "The order of the yeres from Pauls conuersion " etc. 
reverse blank. 

This Bible, the result of the labours of English exiles at Geneva during 
Queen Mary's reign, was dedicated to Queen Elizabeth — and though never 
sanctioned by royal authority, or by Parliament, or even by Convocation, for 
public use in churches, yet it was not only extensively read in churches, but 
was esteemed the favourite version by many of the clergy, as well as theolt^cal 
writers, insomuch that it continued to be the household English Bible for 
three quarters of a century. It is commonly known as the "Breeches " Bible 
from that word occurring in Gen. iii. 7. From 1560 to 1630 it was the most 
popular Bible in England, and by far the most approved version in Scotland, 
exceeding in its number of editions all the other translations united. Probably 
f as many as two hundred distinct editions of the Genevan Bible and New Tes- 
tament were called for during this period. The version of 161 1 was slow in 
breaking its popularity. Both versions, as well as the Bishops', were all printed 
by the same royal printers. 

910. Bible (English). First Genevan version. Another copy. Geneva: 
Rouland Hall, 1560. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

Another copy, lent by Dr. Gott. 

911. Bible (English). First Genevan version. Another copy. Geneva: 
Rouland Hall, 1560. 4to. Lent by Henry White, Esq. 

This is one of the very few copies known on large and thick paper, though 
somewhat cut down. 

912. New Testament (English), by Whittingham and others [the second 
issue]. Unique? Geneva, 1560. i6mo. 

L^nt by the Archbisliop of Canterbury. 

913. New Testament (Latin). Lyon, 1560. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

913*. Psalms (EngHsh). The whole Psalter translated into English 
Metre [by Archbishop Parker]. London: John Daye, [1560?] 
4to. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

914. Bible (English, Cranmer's). The Bi/ble in Englishe ac-/cording 
to the tran-/slation of the great/ Byble/ 1561./ [Colophon'] Im- 
printed at/ London in Powles/ Churcheyarde, by Ihon/ Cawoode./ 
Prynter to the Quenes Maiestie./ Anno. m. d. lxi. Cum 
priuilegio Regiae /Maiestatis./ 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

915. Bible (ist Polish). Biblia To iest. Kxieigi Stharego y Nowegg 
Zakonu, na Polski iexzyk, z pilnosciax bedlug Liciriskiey Bibliey 
od Kosc'iold Krzescidnskiego powssechnego prizyiethey, nowo 
wytozona [by J. Leopolita-Niez. With marginal references and 
woodcuts]. Gothic letter. W. Krdkowie, 1561. Folio. 

L^nt by Francis Fry, Esq. 

916. New Testament (Latin). Many woodcuts. Parisiis, apud Jacobum 
Keruer, 1562. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 



144 Cajctoti Celebration. 

917. Bible (English, 2nd Genevan). The Bible translated according 
to the Ebrue and Greke, with most profitable annotations upon 
the hard places, etc. Geneva [no printer's name], 1562-61. Folio. 

Lent by Francis Fry^ Esq. 
A remarkable typographical error occurs in Matthew v. 9, *' Blessed are the 
place-makers : for they shall be called the children of God." 

918. Bible (2nd Polish). Biblia S'wieta, Tho iest, Ksi,gi Stdregoy 
Nowego Zakonu, wtasnie z Zydowskiego, Greckiego, y Lacynskiego, 
nowo na Polski iezyk z pilnos'cia y wiemie ^vytozone [by S. 
Zaciusz, P. Statoryusz, G. Orsacius, J. Trzecieski, J. Lubelczyk, 
and others; edited by M. Radziwit.] W. Brzesciu Litewskim, 
1563. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer.' 

The second published version of the Polish Bible, made by Prince Radziwil 
and the Protestant Reformers of Pinczow. The first Polish Bible was pub- 
lished in 1 561 by the Catholics. 

919. Bible (Polish). Another copy. 1563. Folio. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society, 

920. Bible (Dutch). Nicolaes Biestkeno, 1564. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

921. Bible (Latin). Antverpiae : Christ. Plantin, 1564. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

922. Bible (Greek). Basiliae: J. Hervagius, 1565. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

923. New Testament (Latin). With full-page cuts in Revelation. 
Dilingse: Sebaldvs Mayer, 1565. Svo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

924. Psalms (English). The Form of Prayers etc. used in the English 
Church at Geneva, with the Psalms of David, in metre. Edin- 
burgh : by Robert Lekprevik, 1565. Svo. 

Lent fro7n the Advocated Library. 
The earliest edition of the Stemhold and Hopkins prepared for the Church 
of Scotland. There are many subsequent republications. 

925. Bible (English). Cranmer's version. Rouen : C. Hamillon, at 
the cost and charges of Richard Carmarden, 1566. Folio. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkittson, Esq. 

926. Bible (French). Geneve: Perrin, 1566. Svo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

927. Bible (Italian). Bibbia Volgare. 2 vols. Venetia : Andrea Mus- 
chio, 1566. 4to. Curious engravings. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 



Cla052? C— !^olp feccfpturejaf* 145 

928. Psalms (Latin). Psalmorvm Da-/vidis Paraphrasis Poetica,/ nunc 
primum edita,/ Authore Georgio Buchanano/ Scoto, poetarum nos- 
tri saeculi facil^/ principe./ Psalmi Aliqvot in ver-/sus item Graecos 
nuper k dieursis/ translati./ Anno m. d. lxvi./ [C(?/(:7^^^«] Argen- 
torattj Excudebat losias Rihelius./ m.d.lxvi./ i2mo. 

Lent by David Laing, Esq. 
Sixteen prel. leaves and 352 pp. This is generally believed to be the first 
edition of this celebrated version of the Psalms, thoxigh Brunei thinks that the 
Paris edition, without date, by Henry Stephens, is anterior, notwithstanding 
the words " nunc primum edita " on this title-page. On this book rests in a 
great measure the high reputation of George Buchanan as a poet and scholar. 
He was bom in 1506, and died in 1582. While imprisoned in a monastery in 
Portugal, by order of the Inquisition, about 1550, he beguiled the tedium of 
his confinement by translating the whole of the Psalms into Latin verse. 
There are no less than twenty-nine varieties of metre. On the reverse of the 
title is, "Index Festorum xxiiii." In the Kalendar, which occupies nine 
leaves, there are twelve rude but exceedingly curious woodcuts representing the 
signs of the Zodiac, and the habits and occupations of the good people about 
Strasboui^. On the recto of B B iiij is the famous epigram of Buchanan to 
Mary, Queen of Scots, beginning : — 

** Nympha, Caledonics quae nunc feliciter one 
Missa per innumeros sceptra tueris auos, " 

929. New Testament (the first Welsh). Testament Ne\vydd ein Arg- 
Iwydd Jesu Christ. Gwedy ei dynnu, yd y gadei yr ancyfiaith, au 
yn ei g>'lydd or Groec a'r Llatin, gan newidio flfurf llythyreu y gariae- 
dodi. Eb law hyny ymae pop gair a dibi\vyt y vot yn andeallus, ai 
o ran llediaith y'wlat, ai o ancynefinder y devnydd, wedy ei noti ai 
eglurhau ar'ledemyl y tu dalen gydrychiol. [Preceded by an 
" Almanach dros xxv. o vlynydden," &c. Translated by W. Sales- 
bury and R. Davies, Bishop of St. Davids ;, edited by the former, 
with an Epistle by the latter, " i bop map eneid dyn o vewn ey 
escopawt." First edition.] Black letter. [London] : H. Den- 
ham, 1567. 4to. Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

In long lines, thirty-one to the full page. The text is not divided into 
verses. 

930. Bible (English). The Holie Bible. Richard Jugge, 1568. 2 
vols. Folio. L^ent by Earl Spencer. 

The ** Bishops'" Bible, a revision of the "Great Bible" undertaken by 
Archbishop Parker, with the assistance of eight bishops. It appeared "cum 
privilegio regiae majestatis," and its use was sanctioned by Convocation in 
1571. It is sometimes called the treacle Bible, from Jeremiah viii., 22: "Is 
there no tryacle in Gilead ? " rendered rosin in the Douai version, and balm 
in that of 161 1. It is also sometimes called the ** Leda Bible," from the use 
of one of a series of capital letters, designed after Ovid, used by Jugge in his 
other and previous books. 

931. Bible (English, first Bishops'). Another copy. London : 
Richarde Jugge, 1568. Folio. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

L 



146 Cajcton Celebration* 

932. Bible (French and Latin). 3 vols. Paris : Sebastien Nyvelle, 
1568. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson y Esq. 

933. Bible (Latin). Lugduni: loannes Frellon, 1568. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

934. New Testament (Greek). 2 vols. Lvtitiae : Robertus Stephanus, 
1568-9. 3 2 mo. LMit by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

_ 935. Bible (English). Genevan. Geneva : John Crespin, 1568-70. 
4to. L^nt by Henry White, Esq. 

936. Psalms (Dutch). De C.L. Psalmen Dauids. Tot Noorwitz 
Gheprint by Anthonium de Solemne, 1568. 8vo. 

Lent by W. Ajnhurst Tyssen-Amhurst, Esq. 

A work from the same press, entitled ** Genen Kalendaer Historiaal 1570," 

is bound up with this. These two books, with Nos. 281, 282, 283, together 

form a unique collection of productions from the Norwich Press. No. 281 is 

dated 1568. 

937. Bible (English). The Bishops' version, the first edition in 4to. 
London : Richard Jugge, 1569. 4to. 

Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

938. Bible (English). Bishops' version. First edition in 4to. 
Another copy. London : Richard Jugge, 1569. 4to. 

L^nt by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

939. Bible (Polyglot). Biblia Polyglotta. Antwerp : Plantinus, 
1569-73. 8 vols. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Edited at the command of Philip II by Arias Montanus, of the University 
of Alcala. Only 5<X) copies were printed, of which the greater part were lost 
at sea. 

940. Bible (Spanish). La Biblia. (C. de Reyna.) [Basle?], 1569. 
4to. Lent by the Bi'itish and Foreign Bible Society. 

941. Bible (Spanish). Another copy, with new title dated 1622, date 
at end 1569. 4to. L^nt by Henry White, Esq. 

942. New Testament (Dutch). 1569. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

943. New Testament (Latin). Nowm lesv Christi Testamentvm. 
Antverpiae : apud haeredes Arnoldi Birckmanni, 1570. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry Stei^ens, Esq. 
This copy belonged to Prince Henry, and has his monogram on the sides. 

944. Gospels (Anglo-Saxon). The Gospels, &c. London : John 
Daye, 1571. 4to. L^nt by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

944*. New Testament (English). The/ Newe Te-/stament of/ ovr Lord 
lesvs/ Christ./ Conferred with the Greke,/ and best approued/ 
translations./ With the arguments, as vvel before the/ chapters, as 
for euery Boke and Epistle,/ Also diuersities of readings, and/ most 



Cla<Jj2J C— l^olp fecrfpturejJ* 147 

profitable annotations of all harde places : vvhere-/unto is added a 
co-/pious Table./ Imprinted at/ London by T. V. for/ Christopher 
Barker./ 1575./ Cum priuilegio./ \^Co/o/f/ion on psLge Si 2] Im- 
printed at London by Tho. Vautroulher/ for Christopher Barker./ 
8vo. L^nt by Francis Fry, Esq. 

The title is within an elaborate woodcut border having the royal arms at the 
top, and * ' Cum priuilegio " in a compartment at the bottom ; on the reverse 
" The ordre of the Bookes "/ in small italics ; the next leaf begins on * ij. 
**The Epistle de-/claring that Christ/ is the end of the Law./ By John 
Caluin."/ 16 pp. Then comes on C ij. "To the Reader mercy/ and peace 
through/ Christ ovr Saviovr."/ 5 pp. ; on the reverse, in small italics, "The 
argvment of/ the Gospell, writ by the foure Euangelists." i p. Text in 
roman type, paged i to 813, ending with a tail-piece over the colophon. On 
page 814 begins ** A declaration/ of the Table to the/ New Testament," i p. ; 
** A table of the principall things " etc. 815 to 850 in double columns. Then 
follows "A perfect Supputation" etc. 3 pp. the next page blank. It is 
very seldom that the last two leaves are to be found. The version, with some 
very slight alterations, is the Genevan, first printed with the Old Testament in 
1560 ; but Calvin's Epistle and Whittingham's Preface are taken from the 
Geneva edition of 1557, as also are the Declaration and the Table at the end. 
The translation and the notes differ very materially from Whittingham's edition. 

945. New Testament (Basque). lesvs Christ/ Gvre lavnaren/ Testa- 
mentv/ Berria./ Rochellan, Pierre Hautin, Imprimicale./ 157 1. 
8vo. I^nt by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

946. Bible (Latin). Heuteni. Venetiis, apud Ivntas, 1572. Folio. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

947. Bible (Latin). Antwerpiae : Apud Viduam & Heredes loannis 
Stelsii, 1572. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

948. Bible (English). Bishops' version. London: R. Jugge, 1573. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

949. Bible (English). The second folio, Bishops' version. London : 
Richard Jugge, 1572. Folio. Lent by F. Fry, Esq. 

950. Bible (Latin). Venetia: Bevilaqua, 1574. 4to. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

951. Bible (Latin). Biblia advertissima exemplaria nunc recens 
castigata. Heutenus. Venetiis, apud Haeredes Nicolai Bevila- 
quae, 1576. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

95 1*. New Testament (English) Genevan. Notes Englished by L. Tom- 
son. London: C. Barkar, 1576. 8vo. Lent by George Tawse,Esq. 

960. Bible (English). Genevan. London: C. ^^ker, 1578. Folio. 

L^ent by tlie Archbishop of Canterbury. 

961. Bible (English and Scotch). The Bible/ and Holy Scriptvres/ 
conteined in the/ Olde and Newe/ Testament./ Translated ac- 
cording to the/ Ebrue & Greke, & conferred with the beste transla- 
tions/ in diuers languages./ (.*.)/ With moste profitable Annota- 



148 Caj:ton Celebration. 

tions/ vpon all the hard places of the Holy Scriptvre,/ and other 
things of great importance, mete for/ the Godly Reader./ Printed 
in Edinbrvghl Be Alexander Arbuthnot, Printer to the Kingis 
Maiestie, dwelling/ at ye Kirk of feild. 1579./ Cvm gratia et 
Privilegio Regiae/ Maiestatis./ Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer, 

Nine prel. leaves. On the title-page, above the imprint, is a woodcut re- 
presenting the arms of Scotland, 3^ by 4f inches ; on the reverse, "The 
names and order of all the Bookes/ of the olde & New Testament," i p. ; the 
second leaf begins on (. '.)ij. "To the Richt Excellent Richt/ heich and 
Michtie Prince lames the Sixt/ King of Scottis," etc. 3^ pp. dated at the end, 
"From Edinburgh in our ge-/neral assemblie the tent day of/ lulie. 1579." 
the rest of the page blank. Then comes "An dovble Calendare,/ to wit, the 
Romane and the Hebrew-/ Calendare," etc. " Ane Almanake, etc. 7 pp. 
On the reverse of the seventh leaf is " <[ A table to find out in what signe the 
Moone is at any tyme for euer" \ page, under which is "Rvles for vnder- 
standing/ of this double Calendare," occupying that and half the next page, 
and signed " R. Pont :" the remainder of this page is filled with verses, 
**5^ Of the incomparable treasure of the holy Scriptures." On the reverse 
of the next, or eighth leaf, begins, " ^^ A Description and svccesse/ of the 
Kinges of Ivda and lerusalem,"/ etc. i^ pp. ; then comes on the rest of the 
page "An exhortation to the studie of the holie Scripture ;" on the reverse, 
" Howe to take profile in reading of the holie Scripture signed by T. Grashop, 
I p. at the bottom of which is Arbuthnot's device copied from Richard Jugg s, 
substituting his own arms at the bottom between the initials A A. The 
Text, Genesis to Second Maccabees, 503 folioed leaves, ending with "The 
Third Boke of/ the Maccabees newlie translated out/ of the original Greke." 
This third book however is not added, but next comes the title of "The/ Newe 
Testament/ of ovr Lord Ie-/svs Christ./ Conferred diligently with the Greke, 
and best approved/ translations in diuers languages./ [The arms of Scotland 
the same as on the first title.] At Edinbvrgh/ §^ Printed by Thomas/ Bas- 
sandyne./ M. D. Lxxvi./ Cvm Privilegio./ Reverse blank ; the text, A. ij. 
folioed 2 [misprinted i] to 125, ending on the middle of the reverse. Then 
comes "A briefe Table of the Pro-/per names which are chiefly founde in the 
olde Te-/stament," in double columns not paged or folioed, but beginning on 
the recto of X. vj. and ending at the middle of the verso of Y. iij. Then 
follows on "A Table of the principal/ things that are conteined in the Bible," 
etc in treble columns, ending on the middle of the reverse of Z. vj. The rest 
of that page, and the next are filled with " .<^ A Perfite svppvtation of the 
yeres/ and times from Adam \Tito Christ " brought down " vnto this present 
yere of/ our Lord God 1576." On the reverse is "The Order of the yeres 
from Pauls conuersion " etc. i p. The next leaf of this gathering is probably 
blank, as no copy is known to contain more. This is the first wlition of the 
Bible printed in Scotland. It is the Genevan version, in roman type, in 
double columns, with the marginal notes in smaller type than the text. There 
are the usual woodcuts in Exodus, to be found in most of the early Genevan 
versions. At the thirty-third chapter of Numbers is a detached map, another 
at the fifteenth chapter of Josua, and at the end of Ezekiel is a plan of the 
Temple. The present copy is large, clean, pure, and perfect. Before the 
printing was completed Bassandyne died ; but in all the copies the title of the 
New Testament bears his name, with date 1576. In 1579 the complete 
volume was issued under sanction of the General Assembly of the Church of 
Scotland, with a dedication to James the Sixth, and other preliminary leaves, 
printed by Alex. Arbuthnot. 



€W0 C*— l^olp &ccipturej2?* 149 

962. Bible (English). London: Christopher Barker, 1579? 4to. 

Zent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

963. Bible (Latin). First edition of Tremelius and Junius. London : 
Middleton, 1580. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

964. BiBLiA Sclavonica. H. Typis Joannis Theodori Jum-ex magna 
Russia. Ostrobia, 1581. Folio. Lent by Earl Spemer. 

965. Bible (English). Genevan. London: C. Barker, 1582. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

966. New Testament (English). The New Testament of Jesus Christ, 
translated faithfully into English, out of the authentical Latin. 
Cum privilegio. Rhemes : John Fogny, 1582. 4to. Two copies. 
One lent h^ Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. ydind the other hy Earl Spencer. 

The Rhemes New Testament, the result of the labours of Roman Catholic 
priests, exiles from England in 1568. It is a secondary translation from the 
Vulgate. 

967. Bible Picture Book (Dutch). Figuren, etc Van Borcht, 1582. 
Obi. 4to. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

968. Bible (Latin). Antwerp: Plantin, 1582. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

969. Bible (English). Genevan. London : C. Barker, 1583. Folio. 

Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

970. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacra. Quid in hac editione a theologis 
Lovaniensibvs praestitvm sit, eorum praefatio indicat. Antwerp : 
Plantin, 1583. Folio. Lent by Henry /. Atkinson, Esq. 

971. Bible (Wendish). Biblia, tu ie Vse Svetv Pismv, Stariga inu 
Noviga Testamenta, Slovenski, tolmazhena, skusi Jvria Dalmatina. 
Bibel, das ist, die gantze Heilige Schrifft, Windisch. Wittemberg, 
durch Hans Kraffts Erben, 1584. Many woodcuts. Folio. 

Lent by t/ie British and Foreign Bible Society. 

972. Bible (Icelandic). Biblia, fad er, oil Heilog Ritning vtlogd a 
Norroenu. [being the previous translations of various parts by O. 
Gottskalksson, G. Einarsson, and G. Jonsson, revised and corrected 
by G. Thorlaksson, and the remainder newly translated by him]. 
Med formalum M. Lutheri. First edition. Holum, 1584. Folio. 

Lent by Henry White, Esq. 
With woodcuts, for the most part designed and engraved by Bishop G. 
Thorlaksson. Another copy lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

973. Bible (English). The Bishops' version. Authorized and ap- 
pointed to be read in Churches. London: Ch. Barker, 1585. 
Folio. Lent by Htnry / Atkinson, Esq. 

974. Bible (Latin). Francofurt : P. Fabricius impensis Sigis. Feira- 
bendi. 1585. 4to. Lent by Henry / Atkinson, Esq. 



ISO Carton Celebration. 

^ 975. Bible (English, Genevan version). London : Christopher Barker, 
1585. 4to. Black letter. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

976. Bible. Old Testament. H i^oCSaia Aia&rxr] Kara rov^ E^h/jtrvcovra, 
. . . Vetus Testamentum juxta Septuaginta, ex auctoritate Sixti V. 
Pont. Max. edituin. [By A. Carafa, P. Morinus, G. Sirletus, L. 
Latinius, M. Victorius, P. Dominicanus, E. Sa,P. Parra, A. Agellius, 
Ljelius, F. Turrianus, P. Ciaconius, J. Maldonatus, P. Comitolus, 
F. Ursinus, J. Livineius, B. Valverda, R. Bellarminus, and F. To- 
letus.] L.P. Romae,F. Zanetti, 1586. Folio. Lent dy Ear/ Spencer. 
First printed edition of the Codex Vaticanus. It has formed the model for 
every succeeding edition of the ** Septuagint." 

<-977. New Testament (English). Beza's. Englished by L. Tomson. 
London : C. Barker, 1587. 3 2 mo. Zeni by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

_ 978. Bible (English). 2 vols. London : Christopher Barker, 1587. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

979. Bible (Bohemian). Vol. IV. Isaiah to Malachi. 1587. 4to. 

Lent by Pastor L. B. Kaspai. 
This Bible was printed for the ancient Bohemian Brethren Church at the 
private printing establishment of Count Zerotin in Kralice, near Brunn, 
Moravia, in the year 1587. The original binding was made in 1588. 

980. Bible (French). Geneve, 1588. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

981. Bible (French). First edition. 8 parts. Geneve, 1588. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

982. Bible (Hebrew). 2 vols. Hamburg : J. Wolfius, 1588. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

983. Bible (Latin). 2 vols. Lugduni, apud Gvlielmvm Rovillivm. 
1588. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

984. Bible (the first Welsh). Y Beibl Cyssegr-Lan, Sef yr hen Des- 
tament a'r Newydd. London : Deputies of C. Barker, 1588. 
Folio. L^nt by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

984*.Bible (Second Danish). Biblia/ det er,/ Deri gantske Hel-/Hge 
Schrifft, paa Danske etc. [after Luther's]. KiobenhafTn, Aff Matz 
Vingaardt, 1589. Folio. Lent by Henry /. Atkinson, Esq , 

- 985. Bible (English, Genevan version). London: Deputies of Ch. 

Barker, 1589. 4to. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

-- 986. New Testament (English). L. Tomson's. London : Deputies of 
Ch. Barker, 1589. 8vo. Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

- 990. New Testament (English). Genevan version. London : Christo- 

pher Barker, 1589. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 



€h00 C— l^ol? &cnpture0* 151 

991. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacra Vulgatae Editionis tribvs tomis dis- 
tincta (ad concilii Tridentini praescriptum emendata, et k Sixto 
V. P. M. recognita et approbata). [Edited by A. Carafa, F. No- 
bilius, A. Agellius, P. Morinus, A. Rocca, and Laelius.] 3 torn. 
Romae : ex Typographia Apostolica Vaticana, 1590. Folio. 

Len} by Earl Spencer. 
There are two title-pages, the first printed, and the second engraved. Com- 
monly known as the Sixtine Bible. The first complete Latin edition pub- 
lished by Papal authority. 

992. Bible (Latin). Biblia sacra Vulgatae editionis, Sixti quinti . . . 
jussu recognita atque edita [by M. A. Columna, W. Allen, B. de 
Miranda, R. Bellarminus, A. Agellius, P. Morinus, F. Nobilius, 
Laelius, B. Valverda, F. Toletus, A. Valerius, and F. Borromaeus.] 
Oratio Manassae, necnon libri duo qui sub libri tertij et quarti 
Esdrae nomine circumferuntur . . . sepositi sunt, ne prorsus inter- 
irent, etc. dementis VI I L auctoritate recognita. Romae : ex 
typogr. vaticana, 1592. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

There are two title-pages, one printed and the other engraved : the "Oratio 

Manassae" and the third and fourth books of Esdras have a separate pagina- 

. tion. The Clementine Bible. The authentic text of the "Vulgate.'* This 

edition is said to considerably differ fi-om the Sixtine edition, but infallibility in 

the church does not compass printer's stops and errors, or countenance them. 

99 2*. Gospels (in Arabic and Latin) with numerous woodcuts by Ant 
Tempesta, Rome, 1590. Folio. Lent by A. Asplandy Esq. 

993. Bible (Latin). Londini, Impensis Gulielmi N., 1593-92. Folio. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

993*. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacra Vulgatae editionis Sixti Qvinti iussu 
recognita atque edita. Romae, 1593. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

994. Bible (Latin). Tubingae: G. Gruppenbach, 1593. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

995. Bible (Latin). Romae: Typ. Apost vat., 1593. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

996. Bible (Latin). Tubingae, Georgius Gruppenbachius, 1593. 4to. 

I^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

997. Bible (English). London : Deputies of Christopher Barker, 
1594. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

--998. Bible (English). London: Deputies of Ch. Barker, 1594. 4to. 

L.mt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

999. Bible (Greek, Latin, and German). Biblia Sacra. Opera Davidis 
Walderi. 2 vols. Hamburg! : Jacobus Lucius Juni. excudebat, 
1596. Folio. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 



i5a Cajcton Celebration* 

1000. Bible (Hebrew). 4 vols. 1595. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 00 1. Bible (Saxon). Hamborch, dorch Jacobum Lucium den Jungen. 
1596. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

On the title of the New Testament is a representation of the Elector and 
Luther witnessing the baptism of Christ by John. 

1002. New Testament (Latin). 2 vols, in i. Morgiis (Switzerland) : 
Excudebat loannes le Preux, 1596. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

-- 1003. Bible (English). The Bible./ That is, the Holy/ Scriptvres 
Con-/teined in the/ Olde and New/ Testament./ Translated 
accor-/ding to the Ebrew and Greeke, and/ conferred with the 
best transla-/ons in diners languages./ With most Profitable 
Anno-/tations vpon all the hard places, and other things/ of great 
importance, as may appear in the/ Epistle to the Reader./ 
C Imprinted at London by the De-/puties of Christopher Barker,/ 
Printer to the Qveenes most excel-/lent Maiestie./ Anno 1597. 
Cum priuilegio./ Folio. Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 

6 prel. leaves, viz. Title, reverse blank; **To the most ver-/tvovs and 
noble Qveene/ Elizabith," 3 pp.; "To ovr Beloved in the Lord," i p.; "A 
Table conteining the Cycle/ of the Sunne," etc. 2 pp.; Kalendar, 3 pp.; 
"5^ The Names and order of all the bookes," i p. Text, A. j., in double 
columns, in roman type, Genesis to Malachi 360 folioed leaves ; Apocrypha 
Aaaa. j. 77 leaves ; New Testament, Title and 129 leaves ; ** C A breife 
Table," Yyyyy. iiij. 9 unnumbered leaves. This is the Genevan version of 
the text of both the Old and the New Testament, but the New Testament 
is what is generally known as L. Tomson's translation, or revision. This 
is, however, a popular error. The text is the Genevan version of 1 560, which 
Tomson has not meddled with. He has only added a translation of Beza's and 
Camerarius' Notes, Summaries, Expositions, and marginal references. The 
Arguments preceding the Gospels, the Acts, etc., are omitted, though ex- 
pressly mentioned in the title. 

-=.1004. New Testament (English). The/ Newe Testa-/ment of Ovr/ 
Lord lesvs/ Christ./ C Faithfully traslated out/ of Greeke./ 
Imprinted at Londonj by the Deputies of Christopher Barker,/ 
Printer to the Queenes most/ excellent Maiestie./ Anno 1598./ 
48mo. Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 

A to Xx in eights. In clear pearl type. Size of page 2| X if inches. 
TTie reverse of the title is blank. Text begins on A 2, and ends on the 
reverse of Xx 8. This beautiful little volume is in the Geneva version. 
There are thirty-one lines on a full page. The headings of the chapters and 
the marginal references are in italic. 

1005. New Testament (Latin and Greek). Geneva, 1598. Folio. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1006. Bible (Dutch). Antwerp: Jan Newrentorf and Jan van Keuber- 
gen, 1599. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 



Cla00 C— l^olp &cciptur£i3f* 153 

1007. Bible (English, Genevan). The/ Bible,/ that is,/ The Holy 
Scriptvres/ conteined in the Old and New/ Testament./ Trans- 
lated according to the Ebrew and Greeke, and/ conferred with the 
best Translations in/ diuers Languages./ With most profitable 
Annotations vpon all hard places,/ and other things of great 
importance./ C Imprinted at London I by the Deputies of Chris- 
topher Barker,/ Printer to the Queenes most/ Excellent Maiestie./ 
1599./ 4to. Lent by Henry White^ Esq, 

4 prel. leaves, including the woodcut and printed titles ; Text, Genesis to 
Job, 190 folioed leaves ; Psalms to Malachi, 127 leaves, one blank leaf; New 
Testament, 121 folioed leaves; A briefe Table, il leaves. Date of Colophon, 
1599' There were no less than six or eight editions of the Bible with the 
— date 1599, all purporting to be from the same printer, and so closely 
resembling each other that it is difficult to distinguish them without having 
them before you. This edition is described in Lea Wilson's admirable cata- 
logue, under No. 84 of Bibles, and may be distinguished from the other by the 
third line of the first verse of the first chapter of Esther, reading : — 

India euen vnto Ethiopa, ouer 

The version is the Genevan, with Tomson's revision of the notes of the New 
Testament. It is in small roman type, in double columns, with the notes in 
smaller type on both the inner and outer margins. 

1008. Bible (Latin). Venetia: Apud DamianumZenanim, 1599. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1009. New Testament (English). The/ New Testament/ of lesus 
Christ faith-/fvlly translated into English,/ out of the authentical 
Latin, diligently conferred with the/ Greeke, and other Editions 
in diuers languages : With Ar/gvments of bookes and chapters : 
Annotations,/ and other helpes, for the better vnderstanding of the 
text,/ and specially for the discouerie of Corrvptions in di-/uers 
late translations and for cleering Controver-/sies in Religion 
of these dayes : By the English/ College then Resident in Rhemes. 
Set Forth the second time, by the same College now/ returned to 
Doway./ With addition to one new Table of Heretical 
Cor/rvptions, the other Tables and Annotations somewhat/ aug- 
mented. Printed at Antwerp! by Daniel Vervliet./ 1600. 
With Privilege./ 4to. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq, 

The title within a type-metal border, having on the reverse, the Approba- 
tions of the first edition of 1582, and of the present edition. The next leaf a ij 
begins with "The Preface to/ the Reader," ii leaves ; *' ATableof cer-/taine 
Places of the New/ Testament corrvptly translated," 6 pp. in double columns ; 
"The Explication of Certain/ vvordes in this Translation," 2 pp.; "The 
Bookes of the New/ Testament" 3 pp.; on the reverse, "The Signification or 
mea-/ning of the nvmbers and markes/ vsed in the New Testament," i p.; 
"The Svmme of the /New Testament," etc. 2 pp.; Text, Mathew to the end 
of Revelations, pp. 3 to 745. On the middle of page 745 begins " A Table 
of the/ Epistles and Gospels," Signature B bbbb, 4I pp.; on the reverse of 



154 Cajcton Celebration. 

Bbbbbiij "An ample and/ particvlar Table" of Controversies, 23 pp. in 
double columns. The book is throughout in roman type, except the headings 
of the chapters, which are in italics. The text is in large pica type in long 
lines of three inches and three quarters, and the notes and marginal summaries 
are in a smaller type. The annotations, which are very numerous and contro- 
versial, are at the end of each chapter or book. The marginal summaries or 
catch-clauses are only on the outer margins, while the inner margins are occu- 
pied by references to other places, and by a column indicating the division into 
verses. The matter is run on into paragraphs, but the beginning of each verse 
is indicated by this mark, t The Preface to the Reader is historical and 
critical, and of considerable interest on the important subject of translations 
into the vulgar tongues. This translation is from the old Latin Vulgate. At 
the end of the third chapter of Matthew is a slip pasted down containing the 
words, "lurie, and from beyond lordan." the first three words having been 
omitted in the text. This volume should go with No. 1024 of this catalogue, 
so as to form a set of the complete Bible. 

1 010. New Testament (English). London : R. Barker, 1600. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

ion. New Testament (English). Bishop's and Rhemish version. Notes 
by Wm. Fulke. London : R. Barker, 1601. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

1 01 2. New Testament (Greek). Franckfurt: Typis Wechelianis, 1601. 
Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

10 1 3. Bible (English). The Bishops'. Authorised and appointed to 
be read in Churches. London: Robert Barker, 1602. Folio. 

Lent by Henry Steifens^ Esq. 
There appear to have been two different first titles issued with this last folio 
edition of the Bishops' version ; one like that of the woodcut border of the 
New Testament title, and the other like that used in the first edition of the 
161 1 version. A recent writer says that the latter "had often done duty before, 
notably in the Bishops' Bible of 1602." This is probably a mistake, for we 
find this folio woodcut border of the 16 1 1 version used in no other previous 
edition except this 1602 Bishops', and in only a part of this. This handsome 
volume was manifestly the model for the first issue of the 161 1 version, and the 
revisions and corrections were probably posted on to a copy of this and then 
deposited as copy with Barker. This last folio Bishops' differs almost as much 
from the first Bishops' of 1568 as it does from the first i6ii itself, it had under- 
gone so many changes and silent revisions. 

10 14. Bible (Spanish). La Biblia, segunda edicion, por C. de Valera. 
Amsterdam, En casa de Loren90 lacobi, 1602. Folio. Two copies. 

One lent by H White^ Esq.^ the other by the B. and F. Bible Society. 

1015. New Testament (English). L. Tomson. Dort: Isaac Canin, 
1603. 8vo. Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

1016. Bible (English), Genevan version. London: R. Barker, 1606. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 



ClajJjJ C— !^ol? &criptuW* 155 

--1017. Bible (English). Genevan version. London : R. Barker, 1607. 
Folio. First title wanting. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 
This copy belonged to Prince Henry, and bears his monogram on the sides. 

^1018. Bible (English). Genevan. London: Robert Barker, 1606. 
8vo. Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

1019. Bible (Italian). La Bibbia. Nuouamente traslatati da Giovanni 
Diodati, di nation Lucchese. Geneva, 1607. 4to. 

Lent by the' British and Foreign Bible Society. 

1020. Bible (Latin). Venetia, 1607. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

102 1. Bible (Dutch). Leyden : Jacobszoon & Jan Bouwensszoon, 
1 608. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1022. New Testament (Italian). II Nuovo Testamento. Geneva: 
Diodati, 1608. i6mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

- 1023. Bible (English). Genevan version. London : R. Barker, 1609. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1024. Bible (English, Doway). The/ Holie Bible/ Faithfvlly Trans/- 
lated into English,/ ovt of the avthentical/ Latine./ Diligently 
conferred with the Hebrew, Greeke,/ and other Editions in diuers 
languages./ With Argvments of the Bookes, and Chapters :/ 
Annotations. Tables : and other helpes,/ for better vnderstanding 
of the text :/ for discouerie of Corrvptions/ in some late transla- 
tions : and/ for clearing Controversies in Religion./ By the 
English College at Doway./ Printed at Doway by Lavrence Kel- 
1am,/ at the signe of the holie Lambe./ m. dc. ix. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
Two volumes. Vol. I. The title within a type-metal border, having on the 
reverse, in Latin, *' Approbatio." dated " Duaci. 8. Nouembris. 1609." 
Then comes on t2, "To the right/ vvelbeloved English/ Reader," 12 pp.; 
"The Svmme and Parti-/tion of the Holie Bible," 4 pp.; "The Argvment of 
the Booke/ of Genesis." 2 pp.; The text, Genesis to Job, 11 14 pp., followed 
by "To the Cvrteovs Reader," l p., promising two Tables for this volume in 
the next. Vol. II. Title, dated M. DC. x. having the approbation on the 
reverse as to the first volume : " Proemial Annotations/ vpon the Booke of 
Psalms." pp. 3 to 14 ; Text, Psalms to the Fovrth Book of Esdras, pp. 15 to 
1071. "A Table of the Epistles," page 1072 ; " An Historical Table of the 
Times," etc. pp. 1073 to 1096; "A particular Table of the/ most principal 
Things," pp. 1097 to 1123; "Censura," page 1124; Errata of the two 
volumes, i p. These two volumes are printed in a style nearly uniform with 
the New Testament, 4to, 1600, No. 1009. These three volumes should go 
together to make the complete Bible. This is the first edition of the Roman 
Catholic version of the Scriptures in English. It was translated about the 
year 1580^ by some English exiles at Douai, to combat the various English 
protestant versions. It is a remarkable circumstance that though these volumes 



156 €axton Ctlebran'om 

bear the dates of 1609 and 1610, they had not reached the hands of the trans- 
lators of the 161 1 version when their long Preface was written. There is dis- 
tinct allusion to this work, as if to disclaim any knowledge of it. Or perhaps 
the Preface may have been written before Nov. 1609, the date of the Approval 
of Vol. I. This is sometimes called the rosin Bible, from the reading of 
Jeremiah viii, 22, *' Is there no rosin in Gilead ?" The Bishops', and other 
early translations, had treacle, 

1025. New Testament (Greek and Latin). Aurelia Allob. apud lacobum 
Stoer, 1609. 321110. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1026. New Testament (Icelandic). Pad Nijca Testamentum. Holum, 
1609. 8vo. Lent by David Laing, Esq. 

_io27. Bible (English, Genevan). The/ Bible :/ that is,/ The Holy 
Scriptvres/ conteined in the Old and New/ Testament./ Trans- 
lated according to the Ebrew and Greeke, and/ conferred with the 
best Translations in/ diuers Languages./ C With most profitable 
Annotations vpon all hard places,/ and other things of great im- 
portance./ C Imprinted at/ London by Robert Barker,/ Printer 
to the Kings most/ Excellent Maiestie./ 16 10. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

3 prel. leaves .; Text, Genesis to Malachi, A to Qq 7, in eights ; New Testa- 
ment, Aaa to Qqq i ; Table, Qqq 2 to Rrr, 4. date of Colophon, 16 ii. This 
is the Genevan version, with Tomson's revision of the notes of the New 
Testament, and with Junius's Annotations on the Revelations. It is in small 
roman type, closely resembling the six quarto editions of 1599. 

-^1028. Bible (English, Genevan). The/ Bible,/ That Is,/ The holy 
Scriptures con-/tained in the Old and/ New Testament./ C Trans- 
lated according to the Ebrew and Greeke,/ and conferred with 
the best Translations/ in diuers Languages./ C With most 
profitable Annotations vpon all the/ hard places, and other things 
of great/ importance./ Imprinted at/ London by Robert Barker,/ 
Printer to the Kings most Excel-/lent Maiestie./ 16 10./ Folio. 

Lent by Francis Fry^ Esq. 

4 prel. leaves in roman type, viz. Title within a broad woodcut border, with 
the royal arms at the top, and Cum priuilegio in a compartment at the bottom, 
reverse blank ; *'^^ To the Christian Reader." 2 pp. ; within a type-metal 
border. "C Of the incomparable treasure," etc. i p. ; ** How to profite in 
reading," etc. i p. ; *'C The names and order of all the Books," i p. ; on 
the reverse is a large woodcut, filling the whole page, of Adam and Eve in 
Paradise. Text in black letter. A to Mmmm 2, in sixes. "^^Abriefe 
Table " 8 leaves in roman letter. This is the Genevan version with Tomson's 
revision of the notes of the New Testament. The text is in double columns, 
in large black letter. The arguments of the books are in small roman type. 
The summaries of the chapters are in italics, and the marginal notes are in 
small black, and the references in small roman letter. The woodcut borders 
of the titles of the Old and New Testaments are alike. At the beginning of 
the Psalms there is a title, **This Second Part of the Bible," within a broad 
woodcut border, with erect female figures on either side, reverse blank. 



Cla00 €♦— !^olp S>crtpture0* 157 

1028*. Bible (English, Genevan). The Bible, that is, the Holy Scrip- 
tures. London : Barker, 1610. 8vo. Lent by Francis Fry ^ Esq. 
This is, we believe, the last edition of the Bible of the Genevan version 
printed in England in octavo. 

1029. Bible (English, Genevan version). The Bible, that is, The 
Holy Scriptures contained in the Olde and New Testament, 
Translated according to the Hebrew and Greeke, &c. At Edin- 
burgh Printed by Andro Hart, and are to be sold at his Buith, on 
the North-side of the gate. Anno Dom. 1610. Folio. Two copies. 

One lent by H. J. Atkinson^ Esq., the other by David Laing, Esq. 
This was long the standard and favourite edition of the Genevan Bible, be- 
cause it was a handsome, well-printed book, remarkably free from typo- 
graphical errors. 

1030. Bible (English), Genevan and Tomson's. London ; R. Barker, 
1 6 II. Folio. Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

1031. Bible (English). Genevan version. London: R. Barker, 161 1. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

T032. Psalms (English). The Psalmes of David in Prose and Meeter. 
With Godly Prayers, &c. Printed at Edinburgh by Andro Hart. 
1 6 II. 8vo. Lent by David Laing, Esq. 

1033. Psalms (Latin). Paraphrasis Psalmorum Davidis Poetica auc- 
tore Georgio Buchanano. Edinburgi, exct. Andreas Hart, 16 11. 
i8mo. Le7it by David Laing, Esq. 

1034. Psalms (English). Psalms in Prose and Metre with the Tunes. 
Edinb.: Andro Hart, 161 1. 24mo. Lent by David Laing, Esq. 

1035. Bible (English). The Holy Bible, newly translated out of the 
original! Tongues and with former Translations diligently com- 
pared and revised, by his Maiesties speciall commandment. 
Appointed to be read in Churches. London : Robert Barker, 
161 1. With the first title engraved on copper by C. Boel of 
Richmont. Folio. Lent by Henry Stevens, Esq. 

This is the first or standard issue of the 1 6 1 1 version of the English Bible. There 
was another separate issue of it the same year distinct throughout? every leaf. 
This pair, the parents of millions of our Bibles, we shall distinguish by calling 
the first the Great He Bible, and the other the Great She Bible, from 
their respective readings of Ruth iii. 15, the one reading "he measured six 
measures of barley, and laid it on her : and He went into the city." The 
other has **and She went into the city." These two editions, both standard 
but varying in many places, were manifestly deposited in two different printing 
houses as standard copy, because the subsequent editions in quarto and octavo, in 
roman and black letter, run in pairs, he and she, and as a general rule the faults 
of the one follow those of its own office-copy or parent. It is not difficult for 
a practical printer to point out the true original He Bible, and when that is 
ascertained many other arguments fall in peacefully. This he and she distinc- 
tion is only one of a thousand. The first three or four editions were issued, 
some copies with an engraved copper-plate title, and others with a woodcut 



158 Cajcton Celebration* 

bordered title, but never with both. We have found the engraved title attached 
to its follower in both of the i6i i issues, as well as that of 1613. These titles, 
therefore, do not mark the edition ; nor do Speed's genealogies, with which the 
king saddled and most unjustly burdened the version, as a private sop to a 
favourite subject. Of the two distinct issues of 1611, some copies of each 
having the engraved and others the woodcut title, it is of great consequence 
to establish the priority of one or the other. Mr. Francis Fry after long and 
patient investigation has, in his exceedingly important work on the subject, 
pronounced decidedly in favour of the He Bible's being the original ; while Mr. 
Scrivener, in the introduction to his Paragraph Bible, reverses Mr. Fry's de- 
cision, and sets up the She Bible as the standard by priority. Our own 
researches, both before and since Mr. Fry's opinion, have led us unequivocally 
to the same conclusion as Mr. Fry. We do not find any authority for calling 
it the Authorized Version^ the words ** Appointed to be read in Churches, 
meaning not authorized^ but, as explained in the preliminary matter, simply how 
the Scriptures were pointed out or "appointed" for public reading. This 
•* Appointment" was afterwards shunted into the Prayer-Book and left out of 
the Bibles ; but why the word appointed was left on some of the early title- 
pages and omitted in others, and how it got gradually to mean authorized^ we 
leave to philologists, simply remarking that the 1602 Bishops' Bible, on which 
our present version was modelled, had both the words "authorized" and 
** appointed." The Puritans and Presbyterians did not require this "appoint- 
ment," and hence in many editions it was omitted. We have no objection to 
the modem suppression or omission by the University and Queen's Printers of 
the long Preface, the Genealogies, and the "Appointment" of Scripture Read- 
ings in Churches. We could spare also the Dedication. But with all these 
omissions it is difficult to understand why the title is not also purified by 
leaving out the words "Appointed to be read in Churches." It being the 
Bible of all churches, denominations, and congregations in Great Britain and 
English-speaking America, Australia, and India (except the Roman Catholics) 
as much as of the Church of England, why by this misused word, appointed^ 
should our common Bible any longer be even nominally limited to the Church 
of England, since there never was any exclusive right in the claim. It never 
was any more the Bible of the Church than of the Puritans. See Dr. Smith's 
Introduction on this point. Again, it was not a new translation, but about 
the twelfth revision of a work that belonged to the public, viz., (i, of Tyndale, 
2, of Coverdale, 3, of Matthew, 4, of Tavemer, 5, of the Great Bible of 1539, 
6, of Cranmer, 7, of Becke, 8, of the Geneva New Testament, 9, of the 
Genevan Bible, 10, of the Bishops' version, 11, of the Bishops' version revised 
in the edition of 1602, 12, this of 161 1,) at once the public repository of the 
English language and the birthright of Englishmen and the English-speaking 
people, of America, India, and Australia. This 161 1 Bible has thus become 
indeed a marvel of perfection in the simplicity and beauty of its language, con- 
sidering that at the time of the last revision there was neither an English 
grammar nor an English dictionary in the English language. 

1036. Bible (English). The Holy Bible. London : Robert Barker, 
161 1. Fine copy of the He Bible, with the woodcut title. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

1037. Bible (English). The Holy Bible, etc. Appointed to be read in 
Churches. London: Robert Barker, 161 1. Folio. 

Lent by Edward G. Allen^ Esq. 

This is the Great She Bible of 161 1, differing in every leaf from the Great 

He Bible. Like No. 1035 and 1036 it was issued, some copies with the 



Cla00 €♦— ll?ol? Scripture??* 159 

engraved and others with the woodcut title. This is certain, because we have 
found both title-leaves attached to their followers. Neither title marks definitely 
the edition, but there are many reasons to demonstrate that this is the second 
or subsequent issue. It may have some better readings and some inferior, but 
the editions are totally distinct, and unquestionably one is the parent of the 
other. It was probably necessary, in order to multiply copies fast enough, to 
have two standard copies in separate printing offices. The variations are 
generally not of much importance, and are such as usually occur in copying 
one book from another, with occasionally a slight correction, but oftener a 
slight blunder. 

1038. Bible (English). The 1611 version. London: Robert Barker, 
16 1 3-1 1. Folio. Lent by Francis Fryy Esq. 

This is generally a mixture of the sheets of the He and the She Bible, issued 
with a new first title, but the New Testament title remaining unchanged. 

1039. Bible (English). The/ Holy/ Bible,/ Conteyning the Old Testa- 
ment/ and the New :/ Newly Translated out of the Originall/ 
tongues : & with the former Translations/ diligently compared 
and reuised, by his/ Maiesties special Comandement./ Appointed 
to be read in Churches./ Jmprinted at London by Robert/ 
Barker Printer to the Kings/ most Excellent Maiestie./ Anno 
Dom. 1612./ 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson y Esq. 

The title is beautifully engraved on copper by Jasper Isac, reverse blank. 
Dedication to King James, A 2, 3 pp. in italics ; on the reverse of A 3, *' The 
Translators To/ The Reader," 9 pp. in small roman type; **5^The names 
and order of all the Bookes," i p., reverse blank; "The Genealogies," by 
J. Speed, 18 leaves : "A Description of Canaan, and the bordering Countries, 
on the back of a woodcut map of the Holy Land, 2 leaves ; the text is in 
double columns, in roman type, Genesis to Revelations, A to Z, Aa to Zz, 
Aaa to Zzz, [A] to [M], all in eights. This is the first edition of the 161 1 
Version of the Bible printed in quarto. It is a He Bible. 

1040. Bible (English). The second edition of the 161 1 version in4to, 
roman type. She went. London: R. Barker, 161 2. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1041. Bible (English). The first edition of the 161 1 version in octavo. 
The He edition. London: R. Barker, 161 2. 8vo. 

Lent by Francis Fry^ Esq. 

1042. Bible (English). The second edition of the 161 1 version in 
octavo. The She edition. London: R. Barker, 161 1. 8vo. 

L^nt by Francis Fry^ Esq, 

1043. Bible (English). 161 1 version. London : Robert Barker, 16 13. 
Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

This edition in smaller type cannot be confounded with either of the larger 
folios. Some copies appeared with the 161 1 engraved title, but most of them 
have the woodcut title bearing the date of 161 3. We have not observed in 
this edition the distinction of ^<r and she in Ruth iii. 15, but it may exist. 

1044. Bible (English). The 161 1 version, black letter, the He edition. 
London : R. Barker, 16 13. 4to. Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 



i6o Cajctoit Celebrariom 

1045. Bible (English). The 161 1 version, black letter, the She edition. 
London: R. Barker, 16 13. 4to. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1046. Bible (English). 161 1 version, roman type. London: R. 
Barker, 16 13. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1047. Proverbs, Job, &c. (Hebrew and Latin). Ex officina Plantiniana. 
Raphelengi, 16 14-15. Lent by Henry J. Atkifison, Esq. 

1048. Bible (English). The/ Bible :/ Translated according to the 
Hebrew/ and Greeke, and conferred with the best Translati-/ons 
in diuers languages : With most profitable Annota-/tions vpon all 
the hard places, and other things of great/ importance, as may 
appeare in the Epi-/stle to the Reader./ And also a most profit- 
able Concordance for the rea-/dy finding out of any thing in the 
same conteined./ #[ Imprinted at/ London by Robert Barker,/ 
Printer to the Kings most/ Excellent Maiestie./ 1615./ 4to. 

Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 
Title with verses on the back ; •' C To the Christian Reader," C 3, i page ; 
** How to take profit" etc. i page. Text in black letter, double columns. 
Genesis to Malachi, 358 folioed leaves ; New Testament, 4 prel. leaves and 
Text folioed 441 to 554. This is the last edition in quarto of the Genevan 
Version printed in England. The Arguments, the notes and the running titles 
are in small roman type. The contents of the chapters are in small italics. 

1049. Bible (English). Genevan version. London: R. Barker, 16 16. 
Folio. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

This is the last folio edition of the Genevan version printed in England. 

1050. Bible (English). London: R. Barker, 1616-15. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

105 1. Bible (English). Doctrine of the Bible. London: T. Snodham, 
1 6 1 6. 1 6mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1052. Bible (English), 161 1 version. London: Robert Barker, 1617. 
Folio. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1053. Bible (Latin). Tremellius and Junius. Genevae : Matthei Ber- 
jon, 1617. Folio. Le7tt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1054. Epistles and Gospels (German and Bohemian). 161 7. 8vo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
T055. Bible (Hebrew). 4 vols. Genoa: Cepha. Elon, 1618. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1056. Bible (Latin). Per Andream Osiandervm. Francofurti, Sump- 
tibus Godefridii Tampachii, 1618. Folio. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1057. Bible (English). Black letter. London: Norton and Bill, 161 9. 
4to. Lent by H Cleaver, Esq. 



Cla00 C— !l?olp ^tripturejaf. i6i 

1058. Bible (German). 3 vols. Liibec, Bey Samuel Jauchen, 1620. 
3 2 mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

1059. Bible (English). London: Bonham Norton and John Bill? 
1620. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1060. Bible (the second Welch). Y Bibl Cyssegr-Lan, etc. Bishop 
Morgan's version, revised by R. Parry and J. Davies. Llundain, 
Bonham Norton a lohn Bill. 1620. Folio. 

L^nt by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

1 06 1. Bible (Latin). Romae : A. Brugiotti, 1624. 3 2 mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1062. Bible (English). London: Bonham Norton and John Bill, 1625. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1063. New Testament (Greek). Cambridge : T. Buck, 1625. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1064. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacra Vulgatae Editionis Sixti V. Venetiis, 
apud Juntas, 1627. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1065. Bible (English). London, 1628. 8vo. 

Lent by James/. Par sloe, Esq. 

1066. New Testament (English). Printers to the University of Cam- 
bridge, 1628. 32mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1067. New Testament (Greek). Sedani ex typog. loannis lannoni, 
1628. 3 2 mo. (Smallest.) Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1068. New Testament (Latin). Antverpiae: Plantin, 1629. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1069. Bible (English). Microbiblion/ or/ The Bibles/ Epitome :/ In 
Verse./ Digested according to the/ Alphabet, that the Scriptures/ 
we reade may more happily/ be remembred, and things/ forgotten 
more ea-/sily recalled./ By Simon Wastell sometimes of/ Queenes 
Colledge in Oxford./ London,! Printed for Robert Mylbourne,/ 
and are to be sold at his shop/ at the signe of the Greyhound/ in 
Paules Churchyard./ 1629./ 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
6 prel. leaves, viz. Title, within a light border, reverse blank ; Dedica- 
tion to Sir William Spencer, 2 leaves ; ** To the Christian/ Reader," 2 leaves ; 
Lines by George Wither, i page ; "The names of the Bookes," i p. Text, 
B 506 pages, followed by four leaves. 

1070. Psalms (English), " with the Common Tunes in foure parts, by the 
most expert Musicians in Aberdene." Aberdene : E. Raban, 1629. 
24mo. Lent by David Laing, Esq. 

M 



1 62 Carton Celebratfom 

1071. Bible (English). The 161 1 version. Cambridge: T. & J. 
Buck, 1629. Small folio. Lent by Francis Fry^ Esq. 

The text of this fine edition appears to have undergone a thorough revision, 
but by whom or upon what authority is not known. The pains taken in the 
printing, proof-reading, punctuation, italics, etc. are manifest throughout. 
But a httle typographical error crept in here, we believe for the first time, 
which, though corrected a hundred times, constantly reappeared for many 
years, viz., Tim. iv., 1 6. Take heed unto thyself, and unto thy doctrine, for 
the doctrine. 

1072. Bible (English), 161 1 version, roman type. London: Bonham 
Norton and John Bill, 1629. 4to. Lent by Francis Fry^ Esq. 

1073. Bible (English), 161 1 version, roman type. London: R. Barker, 
and assigns of John Bill, 1630. 4to. Lent by F. Fry^ Esq. 

A recent writer, though he finds some slight variations, pronounces this and 
the 1629 quarto practically the same edition, and that this one is without the 
Apocrypha. He is mistaken ; the two editions are totally distinct, and vary 
more than ordinary editions. His copy merely wanted the Apocrypha, as is 
apparent by the first four leaves of the Apocrypha being the counterfoils of 
Ccc 1-4, the last half-sheet of the Prophets. Besides, in the 1629 edition (No. 
1072) there is a small * at the end of almost every sheet, a printer's mark 
which we have observed in no other Bible. 

1074. Bible (Hebrew). Amstelodami, Sumptibus Henrici Laurentii, 
1630. 8vo. Lent by Llenry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1075. Bible (English). The/ Holy Bible/ Containing the/ Old Testa- 
ment/ and the New./ Newly Translated out of the Ori/ginall 
Tongues, and with the former/ Translations diUgently compared/ 
and reuised : by his Maiesties/ speciall Commandement./ Ap- 
pointed to be read in Churches./ Printed at London by Robert 
Barker,/ Printer to the Kings most Ex-/cellent/ Maiestie : and by 
the/ Assignes of John Bill./ Anno 1631./ 8vo. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 
The Wicked Bible. Title, within the woodcut border of 24 small and 4 
larger oval medallions, with the royal arms on the reverse. Dedication to King 
James, i p. ; ** ^ The Names and order of all the/ Bookes," in a border, i p. ; 
Text in small roman type, double columns, Genesis to Revelations, A 3 to K kk 
in eights. In 1855 Mr. Henry Stevens exhibited at the Royal Society of Anti- 
quaries a fine and perfect copy of this long-lost, but much bescribbled -about 
Bible, and at that time nick-named it '* The Wicked Bible," from the fact that 
the negative had been left out of the Seventh Commandment by a typographical 
error. Selden and Collier, of our old writers, and many others since have failed 
to name correctly the year of its publication, 1631. Four copies are now known, 
one in the I^nox Library, New York, one in the British Museum, this one 
from the Bodleian, and one in Glasgow. There were four octavo, roman type, 
distinct editions the same year, 1631. This was suppressed, and Laud caused 
a fine of ;^3oo, with which it is said he bought a fount of Greek type for 
Oxford. Mr. Scrivener in his Paragraph Bible, Introduction, page xviii gives 
the date 1632, and says that a single copy is said to survive in the Library at 



€h^0 €♦— l^olp &cnpturej2?. 163 

Wolfenbiittel. On inquiry we are informed that no such book exists there, 
or as far as known ever has, but on looking into the matter, the librarian 
found a German edition of just a century later with the same extraordinary 
omission, which makes Germany also to boast of its "Wicked Bible." We 
have not been informed that a like authority exists in France. This is no 
doubt a purely typographical error, and there are some ten or twelve others in 
the same sheet. It is probably the wickedest error of the kind that ever 
occurred ; but we have always had gredt sympathy for David in his agony over 
proof sheets, ever since we learned from Cotton Mather that a blundering typo- 
grapher made him exclaim in a Bible printed before 1702, ** Printers have 
persecuted me without a cause." Psalm cxix. 161. 

1076. Bible (English). London : R. Barker and Assigns of John Bill, 
1 63 1. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esg, 

1077. New Testament (Greek). Cambridge: T. Buck, 1632. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1078. Bible (English). The Holy Bible. With engraved title and 
frontispiece. Edinburgh : Printed by the Printers to the King's 
Majestie. Anno Dom. 1633. 8vo. Lent by David Laing, Esq. 

The 161 1 version and the earliest edition of it printed in Scotland. This 
copy has at the end ** The Psalmes of David in Meeter as they are simg in the 
churches of Scotland. Edinburgh, 1633. But the tunes are not given. 

1079. Bible (English). Cambridge: Printers to the University, 1633. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1080. New Testament (English). Fourth edition, Rhemish version. 
[Rouen] : John Cousturier, 1633. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

108 1. New Testament (English). London : R. Barker, 1633. 32mo. 

L^nt by Miss Cole. 
Bound back to front with Stemhold and Hopkins' Psalms of same date. 

1082. New Testament (Greek). Amsterdami, apud Guil. Blaeu, 1633. 
3 2 mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1083. New Testament (Greek). Londini, apud Richardvm Whittakervm, 
1633. 8vo. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1084. Bible (English). London: Robert Barker, 1634. Folio. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1085. Bible (English). The 161 1 version. London: R. Barker and 
Assignsof John Bill, 1634. 8vo. Lent by Henry / Atkinson, Esq. 

1086. Psalms (English). The Psalms in Prose and Metre. Edinburgh, 
1634; with the title, 1640. i8mo. Lent by David Lai ng, Esq. 



|64 €a;Dton Celebratfom 

1087. Psalms (English). Another edition, with the tunes in foure parts 
or mo. Edinburgh: Heires of Andro Hart, 1635. 8vo. 

Lent from the Signet Library. 

1088. Psalms (English). Both prose and Metre. London : by T. C, 
1635. i6mo. Lent by W. H. Sheehy, Esq. 

1089. New Testament (Greek). London : R. Whittaker, [1635?] 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq, 

1090. Bible (English). London : Robert Barker, 1635. 4to. 

Lent by Thomas Stapleton, Esq. 

109 1. Bible (English). Douay Old and Rhemes New Testament, 3 vols. 
Rouen: John Cousturier, 1635. 4to. Lent by Henry White, Esq. 

For the New Testament see above, No. 1080. 

1092. Bible (French). Amsterdam : Laurents, 1635. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1093. Bible (English). Cambridge : T. Buck and Roger Daniel, 1637. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1094. Bible (English). Edinburgh, 1637. 8vo. 

Jeremiah, iv. 17. "Because she hath been religious ^?^^\. me, saith the 
Lord," for rebellious. 

1095. Bible (Latin, Vulgate). Lugduni, Ex typog. Claudii Devilliers, 

1637. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1096. Bible (Dutch). Leiden : Paulus Aertsz van Ravestyn, 1638. 
8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1097. Bible (English). London : R. Barker and Assigns of J. Bill, 

1638. Folio. With Psalms. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1098. Bible (English). The Holy Bible [revised]. Cambridge : Tho. 
Buck and Roger Daniel, 1638. Folio. 

Lent by the University Press, Cambridge. 
This, perhaps the finest Bible ever printed at Cambridge, being revised at 
the time and carefully printed, has served as standard for many subsequent 
editions. There are, however, some extraordinary errors in it which have led 
smaller sheep astray. The famous typographical error that is said to have 
cost Cromwell a ;^i,ooo as a bribe in the Roundhead times, is found here in 
Acts VI. 3, '* whom^'^ may appoint," instead of we^ which, of course, clears 
Cromwell. 

1099. Bible (English). London: R. Barker and J. Bill, 1638. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 



Cla00 C— '^olj fetrfpturejJ. 165 

1 1 10. Psalms (American). The/ Whole/ Booke of Psalmes/ Faithfully/ 
Translated into English/ Metre./ Whereunto is prefixed a dis- 
course de-/claring not only the lawfullnes, but also/ the necessity 
of the Heavenly Ordinance/ of singing Scripture Psalmes in/ the 
Churches of/ God./ Coll. iii./ Let the word of God dwell plen- 
teously in/ you, in all wisdome, teaching and exhort-/ing one 
another in Psalmes, Himnes, and/ spirituall Songs, singing to the 
Lord with/ grace in your hearts./ lames v./ If any be afflicted, 
let him pray, and if/ any be merry let him sing psalmes./ Im- 
printed/ 1640./ 4to. Lent from the Bodleian Library. 

Eight preliminary leaves (Signatures, *, **, in fours) viz. The title, within a 
light type-metal border, reverse blank ; "The Preface," 12 pp., and 7 lines 
on the next, the remainder of the twelfth page and the reverse being blank ; 
Text, "The Psalmes/ In Metre "/' A to Z, and Aa to LI 3, in fours, ending 
with the fourth line on the reverse of L 1 3. The rest of that page (LI 3 verso) 
is occupied with "An admonition to the Reader." On the recto of the last 
leaf, LI 4, is "Faults escaped in printing," reverse blank. In all there are 148 
leaves. Signatures ♦ ** abcdefghiklmnopqrstvwxyz 
Aa Bb cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh li Kk l1, in all 37 sheets, or 148 leaves. 

This first book in the English language printed in America is usually called 
The Bay-Psalm-Book, from Massachusetts Bay. It was translated by 
John Eliot, Thomas Welde and others, in Boston and Roxbury, and was 
printed by Stephen Daye at Cambridge in New England. It is very rare even 
m America, and this fine clean and perfect copy is believed to be the only one 
known in Europe. Here is a sample : — 

O Blessed man, that in th' advice 4 And all he doth, shall prosper well, 
of wicked doeth not walk : the wicked are not so : 

nor stand in sinners way, nor sit but they are like vnto the chaffe, 

in chayre of scomfuU folk. which winde drives to and fro. 

2 But in the law of lehovah, 5 Therefore shall not ungodly men, 

is his longing delight : rise to stand in the doome, 

and in his law doth meditate, nor shall the sinners with the just, 

by day and eke by night. in their assemblie conu. 

3 And he shall be like a tree 6 For of the righteous men, the Lord 

planted by water-rivers : acknowledgeth the way : 

that in his season yeilds his fruit, but the way of vngodly men, 

and his leafe never withers. shall vtterly decay. 

Psalm I. 

nil. Bible (English). London: R. Barker and Assigns of John Bill, 
1640. 4to. Black letter. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

1 1 12. Bible (English). London : R. Barker and J. Bill. 1640. 8vo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 1 13. Bible (English). London : R. Barker and Assigns of John Bill, 
1640. 4to. Lfnt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 1 14. Bible (Italian). Diodati's second edition. La Sacra Bibbia. 
Geneva, per Pietro Chov^t, 1641. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 



1 66 Camn Celebration. 

1 1 15. New Testament (Greek). Paris: Typ. Regis, 1642. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

11 16. Bible ^second Icelandic). With extraordinary woodcuts. Hoolum, 
1644. Folio. Lent by Henry White^ Esq. 

Ill 7. Bible (Polyglot). Biblia Polyglotta. Lutetiae Parisiorum. Exc. 
Antonius Vitrd 1645. Large Paper. 9 vols. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
The Paris Polyglot, published under the patronage of Guy Michael Le Jay, 
who rejected Cardinal Richelieu's offer to re-imburse him for the sums spent in 
the undertaking on condition that the Cardinal's name should be affixed to the 
Bible instead of that of Le Jay. The first printed edition of the Samaritan 
appeared in this Polyglot. 

1 11 8. BiBLff (Latin, Vulgate). Antverpiae, ex officina Plantiniana, 1645. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

I II 8*. Bible Picture Book (French). Figures, &c. Paris: Guillavme 
Le B^, 1646. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 1 19. Bible (English). London: Robert Barker, 1647. 8vo. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 
With a fine view of London on the title-page. 

11 20. New Testament (French). Le Nouveau Testament (with the 
metrical Psalms). Charenton, Par Pierre des Hayes, 1647. 24mo. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 

11 2 1. Bible (French). Geneve : J. & P. Chouet, 1647. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 1 22. New Testament (Latin, Vulgate). Colo. Agr. Gualterr, 1647. 
32mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 123. Bible (English). Annotations (with text) by Diodati. Second 
edition. London: Miles Flesher, 1648. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 124. Bible (Latin). Amstelodami, apud loannem Janssonum, 1648. 
8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 1 25. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacra Vulgataeeditionis. Venetiis, apud Juntas 
et Baba, 1648. 8vo. Woodcuts. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 126. Bible (English). The Holy/ Bible/ Containing the/ Old and 
New/ Testaments/ Newly Translated/ out of y' Originall/ Tongues, 
and/ with the former/ Translations dili/gently compared,/ and re- 
vised/ LondonI Printed/ by/ John Field/ Printer to the/ Parlia- 
ment. i(>53-/ 32mo. Lent by Henry Stei'ens, Esq. 

Title engraved by W. V., reverse blank. Text in double columns, pearl 
type ; Genesis to Malachi, A 2 to Q q 2 in twelves ; New Testament title is 
Q q 3 ; Text Q q 4 to D dd 11 ; ending with the colophon on the recto. 



Cla00 C— !^olp &cripturej2f. 167 

Kilburne informs us that 20,000 copies of this Bible were dispersed. It is 
full of errors of the press, both by omitting words and sentences, and by change 
of readings. Many of these errors were corrected, as they were discovered, by 
cancelling the leaves. This copy possesses about half of the cancels. This 
edition may be distinguished from the following by the whole of the first four 
Psalms being upon the recto of folio A a 8, and by the running titles being in 
capital letters. A very pretty little pearl Bible, measuring 4J by 2^ inches. 
Among the typographical errors in some of the copies are such as these : 
** Know ye not that the unrighteous shall inherit the kingdom of God." — 
I Cor. vi. 9. "Ye cannot serve and Mammon" {God left out), — Matt. vi. 24. 

1 1 27. Bible (English). The Holy/ Bible/ Containing y7 Old and New/ 
Testaments/ Newly Translated/ out of y' Original/ Tongues, and/ 
with the former/ Translations/ diligently com-/pared and/ revised./ 
London^ Printed by/ lohn Field, Printer to the/ Parliament,/ 
1653./ 32mo. Lent by Henry Stevens, Esq. 

Title engraved by L. Lucas, with the names of the Books on the reverse. 
This is probably a Dutch counterfeit of the preceding. The running titles are 
in lower case letters, and only the first two verses of the first Psalm are on the 
recto of A a 4. 

1 128. Bible (English). London: J. Field, 1653. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
The edition with the first four Psalms all on one page. 

H29. Bible (English). London : John Field, 1653. 32mo. 

Lent by the Rev. Dr. Gott. 
It is difficult to find two copies to correspond throughout, there were so 
many cancels. Very many copies of some of the editions were seized and de- 
stroyed, so the story goes ; but others say only faulty sheets were cancelled and 
destroyed. 

1 130. Bible (English). London: Giles Calvert, 1653. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 131. New Testament (English). London: Giles Calvert, 1653. 8vo. 
In same book, Concordance, R. Barker, 1579. 8vo. 

L^ntby Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 132. Bible (Greek, Septuagint). Londini : Roger Daniel, 1653. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

11 33. Bible (English). E. T. [Evan Tyler] for a society of Stationers. 
London, 1655. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 134. Bible (Latin). Londini: E. T. and A. M., 1656. 8vo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

11 35. Bible (Polyglot). Biblia Sacra Polyglotta. Edidit ^rianus 
Waltonus. Londini: imprimebat Thomas Roycroft, 1657. 6 vols. 
Large folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

One of the 12 copies struck off on large paper. By Cromwell's permission 
the paper for this work was allowed to 1^ imported free of duty, and honour- 
able mention is made of him in the Preface. On the Restoration this courtesy 



i68 Cajcton Celebration* 

was dishonourably withdrawn, and the usual Bible dedication sycophancy 
transferred to Charles II at the expense of several cancels ; and in this, the 
*' Loyal" copy, so called in contradistinction to the "Republican," Crom- 
well is spoken of as *' maximus ille Draco." This is said to have been the first 
work printed by subscription in England. 

1 136. Bible (Dutch). Eerst t' Antwerpen by Jan van Moerentorf en nu 
by Pieter lacopsz Pacts, 1657. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
Curious engravings by C. van Sichem. 

1 137. Bible (English). The Holy Bible. London : John Field, 1658. 
With Psalms by Sternhold, Hopkins, and others. London : John 
Field, 1658. 3 2 mo. Lent by Heitry Ste^iens^ Esq. 

The first page of the Psalms in the Bible ends with the second line of the 
6th verse of chapter iv. With a fine view of London on the title-page. 

1 138. Bible (English). The Holy/ Bible/ Containing the/ Old Testa- 
ment/ and the New/ Newly translated/ out of the originall Tongues/ 
and with the former/ Translations diligently/ compared and re- 
vised/ by his Majesties specall/ Command./ Appointed to be read 
in Churches/ London^l Printed by John Field, one of His/ High- 
ness's Printers, 1658./ 32mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

Engraved title (Moses on the left, Aaron on the right, and a view of Lon- 
don at the bottom), with the order of the books on the reverse ; Text in pearl 
type, double columns, A 2 to D dd in twelves. 

J 139. Bible (English). The Holy/ Bible/ Containing the/ Old Testa- 
ment/ and the New./ Newly translated/ out of the originall 
tongues/ and with the former/ Translations diligently/ compared 
and revised/ by his Maiesties speciall/ Command./ Appointed to 
be read in Churches./ London^\ Printed by John Field one of His 
Highness's Printers 1658. 32mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 
What has been written above about Field's pearl Bibles of 1653 applies 
equally well to these of 1658. They abound in typographical errors, but owing 
to repeated cancels, some copies are far less faulty than others. They are 
collected now chiefly for their errors ; the more numerous and gross they are, 
the higher the price. 

1 140. New Testament (French). With Psalms, 1666. Charenton : 
Lucas, 1658. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 141. New Testament (Greek). Editio nova. Studio S. Curcellaei. 
Amsterdam: Elzevir, 1658. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 142. Psalms (Gaelic). The first 50 Psalms and Shorter Catechisme; 
translated into Gaelic by the Synod of Argyle. Glasgow : Aindra 
Anderson, 1659. i8mo. Lent by David Laing^ Esq. 

1 143. Bible (English). Cambridge, 1660. Folio. 

Lent by Henry Wiiite^ Esq. 



Clasfjsf C*— l^olp &crfpture0> 169 

1144. New Testament in Shorthand, by Rich. London, 1660? 32mo. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

1 145. Bible (English). London: H. Hills and John Field, 1660. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 146. Bible (Spanish). Amsterdam : J. Atkins, 1660. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1147. Psalms (English). David's Harp strung and tuned. London: 
William Leake, 1662. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

11 48. Bible (English). Good plates. Cambridge: John Field, 1663. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 149. New Testament (Syriac). Hamburg, 1663. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1149*. Bible Picture Book (Latin). Theatrum Biblicum. Piscator, 
1674. Obi. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 150. Bible (English). London: Bill and Barker, 1665. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 15 1. Bible (French). Leyde : Philippe de Croy, 1665. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 152. Bible (French). J. A. and S. deToumes, 1665. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 153. Bible (German, Churfurst version). Die Propheten, etc. Wittem- 
berg: Balthasar-Christoph Wustens, 1665. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 154. New Testament (Italian). Haerlem, Jacob Albertz, 1665. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

11 55. New Testament (Italian). II Nuovo Testamento (Diodati's). 
Haerlem, 1665. i6mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 156. Bible (English). " The Preacher's Bible." Cambridge : J. Field, 
1666. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 157. New Testament (French). Beautiful plates. Paris: Francois 
Muguet, 1666. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 158. Psalms (English). A separate edition of the Common Psalm 
Tunes. Printed at Aberdeen, 1666. Oblong 4to. 

Lent by David Laing, Esq. 
This probably never had a title-page. 



170 Cajcton Celebratfon* 

1 159. Psalms (Greek and Latin). Cambridge: J. Field, 1666. 410. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 160. Bible (English). Cambridge : John Field, 1668. 4to. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

1 161. Bible (French). La Saincte Bible. Amsterdam: Louis et 
Daniel Elzevier, 1669. Folio. 2 vols. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

A magnificent copy on large paper. 

1161* Bible (French). Another copy. Small paper. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 162. Bible (Latin). Col. Agrip. Balth. Egmond, 1670. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

11 63. Bible (English). [First title] The Bible. [Second title] Verbum 
Sempiternum. Aberdene : John Forbes, 1670. 64to. 

Lent by A. Gardyner, Esq. 

A good specimen of the ** Thumb Bible," measuring about one inch square 
and nearly half-an-inch thick ; probably the smallest lx>ok in the exhibition. 

1 1 64. New Testament (German). Nuremberg: Christoph Endters, 
1670. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 165. Bible (English). London: John Bill and C. Barker, 167 1. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 166. New Testament (English). J. Bill and R. Barker, 1673. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 167. Bible (English). The Holy, etc. Oxford, 1675. 4to. 

L^nt by the Bodleian Library. 
The first edition of the Bible printed in Oxford. A very neat and tidy 
edition, but will not stand criticism. It is full of typographical errors and 
changes in spelling, punctuation, and the use of italics. 

11 68. New Testament (English). London: J. Bill and C. Barker, 
1675. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 169. New Testament (French). Amsterdam, chez la Veuve de 
Schippers, 1677. i6mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 1 70. Bible (French abridgment). Paris: Jean Couterot, 1678. 

I^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 171. Bible (English). The Holy, etc. By his Majesty's Command. 
Oxford, 1679. 4to. L^nt by the Bodleian Library. 

The second edition of the Bible printed at Oxford ; a very difficult book to 
find quite perfect. 

1172. Bible (Latin). Cologniae : apud J. Naulaeum, 1679. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 



173. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacra. Lugduni, Sumpt. Pet. Guillimin, 
& Ant. Beaujollin, 1680. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 74. Bible (Latin). Londini, exc. R. Norton, prostant Nath. Ponder, 
1680. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

175. Bible Picture Book (Latin). Icones, etc. Genevae : S. de 
Tournes, 1680. 8vo. Lent by Henty /. Atkinson^ Esq. 

176. Bible Picture Book (German). Figuren, etc. Augsburg: Kysel, 
1680. 4to. Lent by Henry /. Atkinson, Esq. 

177. New Testament (French). London: R. Bentley, 1681. 8vo. 
With Psalms, 1686. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

178. Bible (English). Oxford, 1682. With Prayer and Psalms. Folio. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

179. Bible (Latin). Coloniae : Balth. ab Egmond, 1682. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

180. Bible (English). Cambridge : John Hayes, 1683. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

181. New Testament (Dutch, French, and English). Amsterdam : 
S. S. Jacobus's widow, 1684. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

181*. Bible (Irish). Le a Bhuir, etc. The Books of the Old Testament 
translated into Irish by Dr. William Bedel, late Bishop of Kil- 
more. London, 1685. 4to. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

182. Bible (German). Ulm, Bey Matthaeo Wagnern, 1688. Folio. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

183. Psalms (Gaelic). The Psalms, translated into Gaelic by Robert 
Kirk. Edinburgh, 1684. 12 mo. L^nt by David Laing, Esq. 

184. Bible (Latin). Biblia Sacra Vulgatae Editionis. Venetiis, apud 
Nicolaum Pezzana, 1688. Folio. Lent by Hetiry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

185. New Testament (Swedish). Stockholm : Nicolas Waukife, 1688. 
8vo. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq, 

186. New Testament (French). Amsterdam : P. & I. Blaeu, 1690. 
8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

187. Bible (Irish). W. Bedel's and W. O'Donnell's Irish Bible, re- 
vised and printed at London by R. Ebheringtham in 1690. 

Lent by David Laing, Esq. 
A small volume for the use of the Highlanders, by the Rev. Robert Kirk, 
M.A. at the expense of the Honourable Robert Boyle. 



172 Ca;i:ton Celebratfom 

1187*. Bible (English). The History of the Old and New Testament, 
with sculptures. London: Richard Blome, 1691. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J, Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 188. Bible (German). Zurich, by David Gessner, 1691. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 189. Bible Picture Book (English). London :. Richard Blome, 1691. 
8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 1 90. Bible (English). London: C. Bill and T. Newcomb, 1693. 
8vo. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 191. Bible, New Testament, and Psalms in Shorthand, by Abdy. 
London, 1695. i6mo. L^nt by George Umvin^ Esq. 

11 92. Bible (Latin). A Sebastiano Schmidt. Argentorati, J. F. Spoor, 
1697. 4to. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 1 93. New Testament (French). Charenton : Collier, 1697. i6mo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson y Esq, 

1 194. New Testament (French). Amsterdam: P. & L Blaev, 1697. 
i6mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 195. Bible (English). With Canne's preface and notes. London: 
C. Bill aad T. Newcomb, 1698. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 1 96. New Testament (Greek). Amsterdam: Wetsten, 1698. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
With Hebrew Bible, 1701, &c. 

1 197. Bible (English). With John Canne's notes. London: Charles 
Bill and Executrix of Thomas Newcomb, 1700. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkifison, Esq. 

1 1 98. Gospels (Greek and Latin). Harmonica Evangelica (J. Clarier). 
Amsterdam: Huguetanorum, 1700. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 199. New Testament (English and Dutch). Amsterdam, By de Widuwe 
van Steven Swart, 1700. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1200. Bible (English). Bishop Lloyd's, with additional marginal refer- 
ences. London : C. Bill and the Executrix of T. Newcomb, 1 701. 
Folio. Lent by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

1 261. Bible (German). Nurnberg: Luther, 1702. 4to. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1202. Bible (Latin, Vulgate). Venetiis : Jacob Bertani, 1702. 8vo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 



Cla00 C— !golp &cnpture?J» 173 

1203. Bible (English). London : C. Bill and T. Newcomb, 1703. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1204. Bible (English). Oxford : Printers to the University of Oxford, 

1704. 1 6 mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1205. Bible (German). Stuttgart : Augustus Metzler, 1704. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

1206. New Testament (English). University Printers, Oxford, 1704. 
3 2 mo. Lent by He^iry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1207. Bible (German). Historischer Bilder Bibel. Augsburg : Kraussen, 

1705. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1208. New Testament (English). University Press, Oxford, 1705. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

1209. Bible (English). London : C. Bill and T. Newcomb, 1707. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1 2 10. Bible (English). London : C. Bill and T. Newcomb, 1708. 4to. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

121 1. Bible (English). The 16 11 version with Genevan notes. Lon- 
don : [Holland printed ?] 1 708. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

1 21 2. Bible (Latin, Vulgate). Venetiis, N. Pezzana, 1709. Folio. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 2 13. New Testament (French). Paris: Jean de NuUy, 1709-10. 8vo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 2 14. New Testament (Greek). Amsterdam : Wetsten, 17 11. 8vo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 2 15. Bible (Italian). La Sacro Santa Bibbia. Norimbergo : Mattia 
d'Erberg, 1712. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

12 16. Bible (Dutch). Antwerp : Jan Moerentorf, 17 13. Folio. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq, 

i2i6*.Bible (English). The Holy Bible [the first edition of the 161 1 
version printed in Ireland]. Dublin : A. Rhames, for William 
Binauld, 17 14. Folio. Unt by Francis Fry, Esq, 

1 21 7. Bible (English). The Holy Bible. Edinburgh: James Watson, 
1 7 1 6. 24mo. Lent by David Laing, Esq. 

1 218. New Testament (Greek). Lyon: Sacy, 17 16. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 



1 74 Ca;i:ton Celebratfon^ 

1 2 19. Psalms (English). London: Heptinstall, 17 16. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1220. Bible (English). The 1611 version. Oxford: J. Baskett, 1717-16. 
Imperial folio. 2 vols. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

Nicknamed the ** Vinegar Bible," because the headline of Luke, chapter 20 
reads, "the parable of the F/«^^<a!r," instead of the Vineyard. Of this most 
sumptuous of all the Oxford Bibles three copies at least were printed on vellum, 
but as it was soon after its appearance styled **a Baskett-ixiXi of printer's 
errors," its beautiful typography could not save it. Indeed it is now mainly 
sought by collectors for its celebrated faults. 

T22I. Bible (English). The History of the Old and New Testament. 
In verse. 3 vols. 330 sculptures by J. Sturt. London : John 
Hooke, 1716. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

1222. New Testament (Latin). Venetiis, apud Nic. Pezzana, 1720. 
3 2 mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1223. Bible (English). The Holy Bible, &c. By his Majesty's special 
Command. Appointed to be read in churches. Edinburgh : 
James Watson, 1722. Folio. 

Lent by the Signet Library, Edinburgh. 

This is a choice copy, on large paper, of perhaps the finest Book ever printed 
in Scotland. 

1224. Bible (English). London: John Baskett, T. Newcomb, and 
Henry Hills, 1723. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1225. Bible (French). Basle : Jan Hoff, 1724. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1226. New Testament (English). London: J. Baskett and H. Hills, 
1725. Svo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1227. Bible (Latin). Venetiis, apud Nic. Pezzana, 1727. Svo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1228. Bible (Hebrew). With Italian notes and curious plates. 1730. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1229. Bible (German). Kupfer Bible. 4 vols. Augsburg: Scheuchzer, 
1 73 1. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1230. Pentateuch (Portuguese). Amsterdam, 1732. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 231. Bible (German). 2 vols. Wien : Georg Lehmann, 1733-34. 
Folio. Letit by Henry^f: Atkinson, Esq. 



ClajJ0 C— -l^olp &crfpturtj2f. 17s 

1232. Bible Picture Book (French). 2 vols. Paris: Royaumont, 

1736. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1233. Bible (Latin, Vulgate). Venetiis, apud Christophorum Zane, 

1737. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1234. New Testament (English). Fifth edition. Rhemish version. 

1738. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1235. Bible (English). Oxford: J. Baskett, 1739. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1236. Bible (French). Cologne, 1739. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1237. Bible (German). Sandershausen : Bock, 1740. Svo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1238. Bible (Latin). Venetiis, ex typ. Hertziana, 1740. 3 vols, Svo. 

Lent by Ilenry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1239. Bible (French). La Sainte Bible, 2 vols in one. Amsterdam: 
M. C. le Cene, 1741. Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinsofi, Esq. 

1240. Bible (English). London : Thomas and Robert Baskett, 1744. 
Svo. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 241. Bible (Italian). La Sacra Biblia tradotta da G. Diodati. Lipsia, 
Giacomo Born, 1744. Lent by Henry J. Atkinsofi, Esq. 

1 243. Concordance (English). A Rational Concordance, or an Index 
to the Bible. By Matthew Pilkington. Nottingham : George 
Ayscough, 1749. 4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1244. Bible (Dutch). Utrecht, etc. : J. van Poolsum, etc., 1750. 4to. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1245. Bible (Latin). Ex Castellionis interpretatione. Leipzig: B. C. 
Breitkopf, 1750. Svo. Lent by Henry /. Atkinson, Esq. 

1 246. Psalms (English). A New Version of, &c. Translated by John 
Barnard. Boston: J. Draper, 1752. Svo. 

Lent by the Bodleian Library. 

1247. Bible (English). London: T. Baskett, 1756. Svo. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 



176 Cajton Celebration. 

1248. Bible (Portuguese). Old Testament printed at Trangambar, 
1757, and New Testament, 1765. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

1249. Bible (Sclavonic). 1757. Folio. 

Lent by the British and Foreign Bible Society. 

1250. New Testament (Greek). Glasgow: R. et A. Foulis, 1759. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq, 

1 25 1. Bible (Latin, Vulgate). 2 vols in i. Venetiis, ex Typog. Re- 
mondiniano, 1758. Folio. Lent by Henry /. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1252. Bible (English). 2 vols. Oxford: Thomas Baskett, 1760. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1253. New Testament (English). London: A. & C. Corbett, 1761. 
Folio. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1254. Bible (Latin). 6 vols. Vindobonae : Joh. Tho. Trattner, 1761. 
8vo. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1255. New Testament (Greek). Typis Joannis Baskerville [Birming- 
ham], Oxonii e Typ. Clarend. 1763. 4to. 

Lent by Henry/ Atkinson, Esq. 

1256. New Testament (Greek). Typis Joannis Baskerville [Buming- 
ham], Oxonii, Typ. Clarend. 1763. Svo. 

Lent by Henry/ Atkinson, Esq. 

1257. New Testament (Latin). Novum Testamentum. Juxta Exemplar 
Millianum. Typis Joannis Baskerville. E Typographeo Claren- 
doniano Sumptibus Academiae Oxonii, 1763. 

Lent by the Oxford University Press. 

1258. Bible (Latin). 2 vols. Venetiis, N. Pezzana, 1765. Folio. 

Lent by Henry/ Atkinson, Esq. 

1259. Bible Picture Book (French). Les Peintures Sacr^es, etc Paris : 
De Summaville, 1665. Folio. Lent by Henry/ Atkinson, Esq. 

1260. Bible (Hebrew). Cura J. Simonis, Hallae, 1767. Svo. 

Lent by Henry / Atkinson, Esq. 

1 26 1. Bible (English). The 1611 version [edited and revised by Rev. 
Dr. Blayney] with new marginal references. Oxford : Wright and 
0111,1769. Folio. Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 

This and the quarto edition, commonly called Dr. Blayney's Revisions, were 
adopted as standards by the University Press, Oxford, in 1769, and are still the 
Oxford Standard with some slight modifications. 



Cla^0 C— l^olp &eripturej2?. 177 

1262. Bible (English). The 1611 version [edited by Dr. Blayney]. 
Oxford : Wright and Gill, 1769. 410. Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 

1263. Daniel (Greek and Latin). Romae: Typ. Prop. Fidei, 1772. 
Folio. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1264. Bible (English). Bristol : William Pine, 1774. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
With notes at the bottom to be retained or cut off. 

1265. Bible (English). London : Pasham, 1776. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 
With notes at the bottom of the page to be retained or cut oflf. 

1266. New Testament (Greek). 2 vols, in i. London : J. D. Cornish, 
1776. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1267. New Testament (Latin). A Sebastiano Castalione. Lond. : C. 
Bathurst, 1776. 8vo. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1268. Bible (Dutch). 2 vols. Haarlem: Enschede, 1778. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1269. Genesis (English). The 51st chapter of Genesis, "Abraham 
and the Stranger, or the Parable against Persecution." Written 
in Scripture style by Dr. Franklin about 1769, while residing in 
London as agent of some of the Colonies. Privately printed by 
Franklin, at his private press at Passy, near Paris, about 1780. 
8vo. Lent by Henry Stevens, Esq, 

This is one of the original single leaves which Franklin used to insert in his 
Bible at the end of Genesis, and read to his friend when they were discussing 
toleration and persecution. He first gave a copy of it to Lord Karnes in 1769, 
who had asked Franklin for whatever he had published. Though then pro- 
bably in manuscript, Lord Karnes first printed it in his ** Sketches " in 1774, 
greatly to the annoyance of the Doctor, because it spoilt his little joke. This 
copy is much worn and is slightly imperfect, but it is believed to be the only 
genuine copy known, it having long been used by Franklin himself. The 
authorship of the chapter and Franklin's part in it are fully told by Dr. Jared 
Sparks in his Life of Franklin. 

1270. Bible (English). 2 vols. Edinburgh : A. Kincaid, 1784. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 
With Scotch Psalms. 

1271. Bible (English). London: Scatcherd, 1790. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry/ Atkinson, Esq. 
The notes at the bottom cut off in the binding. 
N 



178 Camn Celebratfon* 

1273. Bible (English). A curious Hieroglyphick Bible; or select 
passages in the Old and New Testaments, represented with 
emblematical Figures, for the Amusement of Youth: the nth 
edition. London: T. Hodgson, 1792. i2mo. 

Lent by J, F. Tfwrpe, Esq, 

1274. Bible (English). History of the Bible by way of Question and 
Answer. By Dr. Isaac Watts. Hull: Innes and Gray, 1793. 
8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1275. Bible (English). 2 vols. Edinburgh: Mark and Charles Kerr, 
1795. i6mo. Lent by Henry J, Atkinson^ Esq. 

1276. Bible (Dutch). Haarlem: Enschede, 1795-6. i6mo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1277. New Testament (Greek). Jo. Jac. Griesbach. 2 vols. Londini 
et Hallae, 1 796-1806. Svo. L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1278. Bible (French). Amsterdam, ches F. G. onder de Linden, 
1797-6. i6mo. Lent by Hemy/. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1279. Bible (English). Cambridge : John Burges, printer to the Uni- 
versity, 1798. 4to. Lent by Henry /. Atkinson^ Esq. 

With Wilberforce's autograph. 

1280. New Testament (English). From the Greek, by Nathaniel Scar- 
lett. London : T. Gillet, 1798. Svo. 

Lent by Henry/. Atkinson ^ Esq. 
See curious table of time for reading each book, &c. 

1 281. Bible (English). University Press, Oxford, 1801. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry Stet'ens^ Esq. 
Proverbs xxvii. 2, " Let another man praise thee, and to thine own mouth," 
for twt ; Zech. vi. i, "There czvtiQ forth chariots out from between two 
mountains," iox four, and repeated in the Svo. edition of 1810; Zech. xi. 17, 
"Woe to the idle shepherd that leaveth the flock," for idol ; John xx. 29, 
** Blessed are they that they have not seen," they added ; Rom. xvi. 18, "And 
by good works and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple," for words ; 
Jude 16, ** These are murderers,'' for murmurers. 

1282. Bible (English). The King's Printers, London, 1802. 4to. 

Lent by Henry Stevens^ Esq. 
I Tim. v. 21. "I discharge thee before God," for I charge thee. 

1283. Bible (Welsh). Caerfyrddin : Joan Evans, 1802. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1284. Bible (English). Bristol: Farley, 1803. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 



€h00 €.—^olv &cripture0* 179 

1285. Bible (English). University Press, Oxford, 1804. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry Stevens^ Esq. 

An Oxford Bible, pre-eminently distinguished for its typographical errors, 

some few of which are the following : — Numbers xxxv. 18. *'The inurderer 

shall surely be put togetJur" for to death, i Kings viii. 19. ** Out of thy lions^^^ 

for loins. Gal. v. 17. •• For the flesh lusteth after the Spirit," for against. 

1286. Bible (English). University Press, Cambridge, 1805. i2mo. 

Lent by Henry Stevens y Esq. 
This is the famous "/^ remain Bible." The reader is said to have had a 
doubt about a comma, and on sending to the proper authority to inquire, the 
answer came back that the comma was to reniaiji. On this message being 
sent up, the foreman, finding the two words written in pencil in the margin, 
took out the comma and put in the words, to remain, which fortunately 
happened neither to make sense or nonsense. The passage was in Gal. iv. 29. 
*• Persecuted him that was born after the Spirit to remain even so it is now," for 
"Spirit, even so it is now. " This same error appeared in an 8vo edition, 1805-6, 
printed for the Bible Society, as well as in another l2mo edition of 181 9. 

1287. Bible (English). King's Printers, London, 1806. 4to. 

Lent by Henry Stci^ens^ Esq. 
Ezekiel xlvii. 10. "The fishes shall stand upon it" [the river] iox fishers. 
Repeated in the 4to edition of 181 3 and the 8vo of 1823. 

1288. Bible (English). University Press, Oxford, 1807. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry Stei'ens, Esq. 
Matthew xiii. 43. ** Who hath ears to (?ar," {or hear. Hebrews ix. 14. " How 

much more shall the blood of Christ purge your conscience from good 

works to serve the living God ? " for dead works. 

1289. Bible (English). University Press, Oxford, 1810. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry Stevens^ Esq. 

Luke xiv. 26. "If any man come to me, and hate not his father 

yea, and his own wife also, he cannot be my disciple," for life. 

1290. New Testament (English). Wycliffe's version by Baber. London: 
Edwards, 1810. 4to. L^nt by Henry/. Atkinson , Esq. 

1 291. Bible Picture Book (English). Designs by Thurston and Craig. 
Engraved by Bewick. London, 18 10. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1292. Bible (English). Edinburgh: Blair and Bruce, 181 1. 32mo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson , Esq. 
Said to be the smallest Bible ever printed in Scotland. 

1293. New Testament (English). London: R. Edwards, 181 1. 32mo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson. E^q. 

1294. New Testament (Italian). Shacklewell : T. Rutt, 1813. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 



i8o Cajcton Celebration. 

1295. New Testament (Greek). London: S. Bagster, 1813. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1296. Bible (English). King's Printers, London, 181 7. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry Stevens, Esq. 
John xvii. 25, "Righteous Father, the world hath known thee," not omitted. 

1297. Bible (English). University Press, Cambridge, 18 19. i2mo. 

Lent by Henry Stevens, Esq. 
Malachi iv. 2, "Shall the Son of righteousness arise with healing in his 
wings ; and shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall," for Sun^ and ye 
shall go forth. 

1298. Bible (English). University Press, Oxford, 1820. i2mo. 

Isaiah Ixvi. 9, *' Shall I bring to the birth, and not cease to bring forth," for 
cause. 

1299. Bible (English). London: Porteusian Bible Society, 1820. 8vo. 

L^nt by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1300. Bible (English). King's Printers, London, 1822. 24mo. 

Curious for its typographical errors. Psalm xviiL 50, "And sheweth 
mercy to his appointedy iox anointed. 

1 30 1. Bible (English). The King's Printers, London, 1823. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry Stet>ens, Esq. 
Genesis xxiv. 61. "And Rebekah arose, and her camelsy'' for damsels. 

1302. Bible (Italian). Bibbia Sacra. Rome, 1823. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1303. Bible (English). University Press, Cambridge, 1826. 24mo. 

L^nt by Henry Stevens, Esq. 
Psalm xlii. i. "As the heart panteth after the water-brooks," for hart. 
This error repeated in the 24mo and i2mo editions of 1830. 

1304. New Testament (Welsh and English). Dolgelley : Jones, 1827. 
i6mo. Lent by Henry j. Atkinson, Esq. 

1305. New Testament (Greek). London: Pickering, 1828. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1306. Bible Picture Book (French). Amsterdam : Jan Luiken, 1729. 
Folio. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

1307. Bible (Italian). Bibbia Sacra (Child's Bible). Naploli, Vedova 
di Salvati, 1830. 8vo. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 



CIa0j2( C— !^oIp &ctipturej2f. i8i 

1308. Bible (Irish). (Bedel.) Dublin : Godwin, 1830. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1309. New Testament (Welsh and English). Rhydihain, 1831. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1310. Bible (English). The Holy Bible, an exact reprint, page for page, 
of the authorized version published in the year 16 11. Printed at 
the University Press by Samuel Collingwood and Co., printers to 
the University. Oxford, 1833. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

131 1. Bible (English). Another copy in Oxford case. Oxford: Uni- 
versity Press, 1833. 4to. Lent by the University Press y Oxford, 

1 31 2. Bible (Dutch). Biblia. dat is, de Gantsche H. Schrifture en 
Apocryphe Boecken. By der Nedrl : Bybel Compagnie, Am- 
sterdam. Haarlem, 1843. Folio. 

Lent from the Guildhall Library. 
This beautiful stereotyped folio edition in the old Dutch black letter and 
orthography, with engravings, is the work of Messrs. Enschede en Zonen, of 
Haarlem. 

1 3 13. Bible (Hebrew). Van der Hooght, & Hahn. Leipzig : Tau- 
chnitz, 1833. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

13 14. Bible (English). The King's Bible, printed for presentation to 
King William the Fourth. Cambridge: University Press, 1837. 
4to. Lent by the University Press, Cambridge. 

1315. Bible (Hebrew). Van der Hooght, & Hahn. Leipsiae: Tau- 
chnitz, 1838. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1316. Bible (English). Douay version. Belfast: Simms & Mclntire, 
1839. i6mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

131 7. New Testament (English). Reprint of the Geneva New Testa- 
ment of 1557. Large paper. Samuel Bagster, 1842? 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1318. Bible (English). Douay and Rhemes version. Dublin : Coyne, 
1846. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1319. New Testament (English). Wycliffe's version. London: Chis- 
wick Press for W. Pickering, 1848. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 



1 82 (tawti Celebration* 

1320. Gospels (English). The four Gospels, published under the 
superintendence of C. Heath. London, 1849. 4to. 

Lent by Arthur George Hockley^ Esq. 
This copy is printed on India paper and mounted on the leaf, to preserve 
the level tissue paper is pasted round the India paper. Each page is sur- 
rounded by a border illustration of the contents of the page. The borders and 
engravings were designed by French artists. The engravings were made 
ready and worked by the late Mr. Henry Hockley, of Hammersmith, at the 
printing office of Mr. Strangeways, Castle Street, Leicester Square. This 
copy is unique, being the only one worked on India paper. 

1 32 1. Bible (English). Wycliffe's version. The Holy Bible, containing 
the Old and New Testaments, with the Apocryphal Books, in the 
earliest English versions made from the Latin Vulgate by John 
Wycliffe and his followers; edited by the Rev. Josiah Forshall, 
F.R.S., etc., late Fellow of Exeter College, and Sir Frederic 
Madden, K.H., F.R.S., etc.. Keeper of the MSS. in the British 
Museum. Oxford: At the University Press, 1850. In 4 vols. 
Royal 4to. Lent by the University Press^ Oxford. 

1322. Bible (English). The Seven Seals Broke Open : or, the Bible 
of the Reformation Reformed. By John Finch. London : 
James Rigby, 1853. 12 mo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1323. New Testament (Greek). 'H Ka<vn Aea^xri. Novum Testamen- 
tum. Accedunt Parallela S. Scripturae Loca necnon Vetus Capi- 
tulorum notatio et Canones Eusebii. E Typographeo Claren- 
doniano. Oxonii, 1863. Lent by the Oxford University Press. 

1324. New Testament (German). Leipzig: Brockhaus, 1864. 4to. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson^ Esq. 

1325. New Testament (English), with Engravings on Wood from 
designs of Fra Angelo, Pietro Perugino, Francesco Francia, 
Lorenzo di Credi, Fra Bartolommeo, Titian, Raphael, Gaudenzio 
Ferrari, Daniel di Volterra, and others. London : Longmans, 
1864. Large paper. 4to. Lent by Thomas Longman^ Esq. 

Only 250 copies of this most exquisite specimen of English printing and high 
art were taken off for this original impression, all on large paper. The work 
was partly set up at the Chiswick Press, and wholly printed by Messrs. Clay. 
The artists concerned are all named in the work, while Henry Shaw, F.S.A., 
had the general supervision. On the wall adjacent Mr. Longman also exhibits 
a large frame containing choice proofs of the title and eight of the finest pages 
of this New Testament illustrated after the old masters, 

1326. Bible. A description of the Great Bible, 1539. . . . also of the 
Editions, in large folio, of the Authorized Version of the Holy 
Scriptures. Printed in the years 1611, 161 3, 161 7, 1634, 1640. 
By Francis Fry, F.S.A. London, 1865. Folio. 

Lent by Francis Fry, Esq. 



€U0ii C— l^olp &cn'pture?f^ 183 

1327. New Testament (Hungarian). Pesth : Reicharal, 1866. 32mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

Bibles {English) exhibited in separate glass case on the stairway, by tlie 
University Press, Cambridge. Printed 1877. 

1328. Cambridge Bible. Imperial 4to. 

Great Primer type, marked in sections wherever any lesson begins and ends. 

1329. Cambridge Bible. Imperial 4to. 

Great Primer type, printed in red and black. 

1330. The Lectionary Bible. With Apocrypha. Crown 8vo. 

Nonpareil type. Marked in sections wherever any Lesson begins and ends. 

1 33 1. Bible. i6mo. 

Nonpareil type, with marginal references. 

1332. Bible. Crown 8vo. 

Minion type, with marginal references. 

1333. Bible. Fcap. 8vo. 

Pearl type, with marginal references. 

1334. Cambridge Paragraph Bible. Crown 4to. 

Printed in paragraphs, the text revised, references remodelled, with notes, 
and introduction by the Rev. F. H. Scrivener, M.A., LL.D. 

1335. The Student's Edition of the above. Crown 4to. 2 vols. 

Printed on good writing-paper, with wide margins for MS. notes. 

1336. Cambridge Prayer Book. Imperial 4to. 

Double Pica type, with the rubrics printed in red. 

1337. Prayer-Book. Crown 8vo. 

Bourgeois type, with rubrics, &c., in red. 

1338. Prayer-Book. Royal 24mo. 

Long Primer type, with rubrics, &c., in red. 

1339. Prayer-Book. Imperial 3 2 mo. 

Bourgeois type, with rubrics, &c, in red. 

1 340. The Complete Book of Church Services. Crown 8vo. 

Brevier type. Containing the Prayer-Book, Proper Psalms, and Lessons 
for Sundays and Holy Days, and the Daily Lessons of the Calendar, printed 
in full. 

1 34 1. The Book of Daily Lessons. Crown 8vo. 

Brevier type. Containing the Daily Lessons of the Calendar printed in full. 



i84 



€axton Celebration. 



1342- 



1343- 
1344- 

1345- 
1346. 

1347. 
1348. 

1349- 

1350- 

1351- 
1352- 
1353- 
1354. 
1355- 
1356. 
1357. 
1358. 
1359- 
1360. 
1361. 
1362. 

1363. 
1364. 

1365- 



Offices of the Church. 8vo. 

With rubrics, &c., in red. 

Oxford University Press Bibles and Prayer Books. 

Oxford Reference Bible. Royal 4to. 1877. 

This is the Standard Edition from which all the smaller Bibles are verified. 

Oxford Reference Bible. 



Oxford Reference Bible. 
Oxford Reference Bible. 
Oxford Reference Bible. 
Oxford Reference Bible. 



Medium 4to. 1875. 
Post 4to. 1877. 
Royal 8vo. 1876. 
Demy 8vo. 1876. 
Crown 8vo. 1877. 



Oxford Reference Bible, with border lines and headings in red. 
8vo. 

Oxford Reference Bible, printed from old stereo plates. 1876. 
The only Oxford stereo edition. 

Oxford Reference Bible. i6mo. 1877. 

Oxford Reference Bible. Fcap. 8vo. 1877. 

Oxford Reference Bible. i6mo. 1876. 

Oxford Reference Bible. i6mo. 1875. 

Oxford Bible. Folio. 1867. 

Oxford Bible. Royal 4to. 1873. 

Oxford Bible. Medium 4to. 1872. 

Oxford Bible. Royal 8vo. 1876. 

Oxford Bible. 8vo. 1875. 

Oxford Bible. 8vo. 1877. 

Oxford Bible. i6mo. 1877. 

Oxford Bible. 8vo. 1859. 

Oxford Bible. Paragraph. 1859. 

Oxford Bible. i6mo. Square. 1865. 

Oxford Bible. i6mo. 1877. 



Clasfsf C— l^olp S>tn'ptUKs(. 



185 



1366. Oxford Bible. 


241110., 


with border lines. 1876. 


1367. Oxford Bible. 


241110, 


1876. 


1368. Oxford Bible. 


241110. 


1877. 


1369. Oxford Bible. 


1 6 mo. 


1866. 


1370. Oxford Bible. 


241110. 


With border lines. 1877. 


137 1. Oxford Bible. 


241110. 


1876. 


1372. Oxford Bible. 


24mo. 


Thin. 1877. 


1373. Oxford Bible. 
Press, 1849. 


481110, 


Printed by hand at the University 



1374. Oxford New Testament. 

1375. Oxford New Testament. 

1376. Oxford New Testament. 

1377. Oxford New Testament. 
1611. 1829. 



8vo. 1872. 

8vo. 1876. 

i6mo. Square. 1877. 

24mo., with the marginal readings of 



24mo., in 12 parts. 1876. 
32mo., in 12 parts. 1876. 



1378. Oxford New Testament. 

1379. Oxford New Testament. 

1380. Oxford New Testament. 3 2 mo. 1876. 

1 38 1. Oxford New Testament. 3 2 mo. 1876. 

1382. Oxford New Testament. 32mo. 1876. 

1383. Oxford New Testament. 48mo. 1874. 
i383.«OxFORD Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 
1383^. Oxford Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 
1383^. Oxford Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 
1 383^^. Oxford Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 
1 383(?. Oxford Prayer Book. Red rubrics, 
1383/^ Oxford Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 



1 283^. Oxford Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 



Royal folio. 1865. 
Demy folio. 1861. 

Royal 4to. 1875. 

Demy 4to. 1875. 

Royal 8vo. 1874. 

Demy 8vo. 1876. 
8vo. 1876. 



I383//.OXFORD Baskerville Prayer Book. 1864. 



i86 



Cajcton Celebration. 



1383/. Oxford Victoria Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 1876. 

1383/. Oxford Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 24mo. 1876. 

i383>^.0xF0RD Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 321110. 1877. 

1383/. Oxford Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 3 2 mo. 1876. 

1383W.OXFORD Prayer Book. Red rubrics. 481110. 1877. 

1 383«. Oxford Communion Service. Royal 4to. 1876. 

13 83^7. Oxford Communion Service. Red rubrics. Royal 8vo. 1876. 

i383^.0xFORD Prayer Book. Not rubricated. Folio. 

1 383^. Oxford Prayer Book. Not rubricated. 4to. 

i383r. Oxford Prayer Book. 8vo. 

1 383J. Oxford Prayer Book. 8vo. 

1383/. Oxford Prayer Book. Small 4to. 

1384. Oxford Prayer Book. i6mo. 

1385. Oxford Prayer Book. 24mo. 

1386. Oxford Prayer Book. 24mo. 

1387. Oxford Prayer Book. 24mo. 

1388. Oxford Prayer Book. 32mo. 

1389. Oxford Prayer Book. 32mo. 

1390. Oxford Prayer Book. 32mo. Square. 

1 391. Oxford Prayer Book. Royal 3 2 mo. 

1392. Oxford Prayer Book. 32mo. 

1393. Oxford Prayer Book. 48mo. 

1394. Oxford Prayer Book. 48mo. Thin. 

1395. Oxford Prayer Book. The smallest Prayer Book in the World. 

1396. Oxford Communion Services. Not rubricated. Royal 4to. 

1397. Oxford Communion Services. Demy 4to. 

1398. Oxford Communion Services. Imperial 8vo. 



1399. The Book of Offices and Ordination Services. Crown 8vo. 

1400. Oxford Bible. Welsh folio. 

1401. Oxford Prayer. Welsh folio. 

1402. Oxford Altar Service. Welsh 8vo. 

Bibles, (5r'r., lent by Messrs. Bagster and Sons, exhibited in 
glass case on staircase. 

1403. BiBLiA Sacra Polyglotta. 

1404. The Comprehensive Bible. 

1405. The Bible of every Land. 

1406. BiBLiA Ecclesise Polyglotta. 

1407. The Hexaplar Psalter. 

1408. The English Hexapla. 

1409. Bible (English). Coverdale's. 

1410. New Testament. Tyndale's. Published in 1526. 

141 1. The Commentary wholly Biblical. 

141 2. The Codex Zacynthius. 

1 41 3. Bible (Hebrew and English). 

1414. The Septuagint, with an English Translation. 

1 41 5. The Vulgate New Testament. Compared with the Douay ver- 
sion of 1582. 

1 41 6. New Testament (Greek and English). 

14 1 7. New Testament (Syriac), with a Literal English Translation. 

1418. Common Prayer, The Octaglot Book of. 

Lent by Messrs. Eyre 6^ Spottiswoode. 

1 41 9. Cranmer's Bible, printed by Whitchurch. 1541. Folio. 

This book is considered a very fine specimen, not having been washed or 
cleaned. 

1420. Bible, printed by Barker, King's printer, with Calendar in red 
and black, illustrated Genealogy. 16 11. Folio. 



1 88 Cairton Celebration* 

142 1. Bible, printed by Barker, King's printer. 16 13. Folio. 

1422. Prayer Book, Bible, and two Concordances by R. F. H., in one 
vol. Printed by Barker, King's printer. 16 14. 4to. 

1423. Bible, with Calendar in red and black. 161 7. Folio. 

1424. Bible, printed by Bonham Norton and John Bill, King's printers. 
1625. 

1425. Field's Bible. 

1426. Holy Bible, with " Annotations on the hard places." The first 
Bible with annotations. 1683. 

1427. Common Prayer, printed from engraved silver plates by permission 
of Mr. John Baskett With curious illustrations. 1 7 1 7. 

1428. Holy Bible, printed by Baskett, King's printer. 1753. 

1429. Bible, printed by Charles Eyre and William Strahan, successors as 
King's printers to Baskett, and founders of the present firm of Eyre 
and Spottiswoode. 1772. 

1430. Miniature Prayer Book, printed by C Eyre and W. Strahan, 
1774. 

1431. Miniature Bible, on India paper. (See the thin Bible of 1875.) 
1816. 

1432. The whole volume of Statutes at large, which at anie time heere- 
tofore haue beene extant in prints since Magna Charta, Vntill the 
xxix yeere of the reigne of our most gratious souereigne ladie 
Elisabeth xxx. &c &c. London Christopher Barker Printer to 
the Queene's most excellent Maiestie 1587. 

1433. Printed Statutes of Elisabeth. 1589-1593. 

1434. The Lectern Bible, with the Lessons marked with red lines at the 
side of the text. 

1435. The Bible, with various Renderings and Readings by the best 
Scholars. 

1436. The Student's Bible. Printed in red and black, on writing paper, 
with wide margin for notes. 

1437. The Sunday School Teacher's Bible (with Appendbc for Teachers). 
Small 8vo. 

1438. The Sunday School Teacher's Bible (with Appendbc for Teachers). 
Fcap. 8vo. 



Cla00 €♦— l^olp &cripture0. 189 

1439. The Sunday School Teacher's Bible (with Appendix for Teachers). 
Pearl i6mo. 

1440. The Sunday School Teacher's Bible (with Appendix for Teachers). 
Pearl 24mo. 

1 44 1. The School Bible, with the proper names divided and accented 
for pronunciation. 

1442. The Smallest Complete Bible, on India paper, date 1816. 

1443. The Smallest Complete Bible. (The miniature edition), 1875. 

1444. The Pica 4to. Reference Bible (fine paper). 

1445. The 4to. Bible in Welsh. 

1446. Royal 4to. Prayer Book (fine paper). 

1447. The Imperial Svo. Altar Service (red rubricks). 

1448. The Smallest Prayer Book. 

1449. The Diamond 48mo. Prayer Book (red rubricks). 

1450. The Bourgeois 32mo. American Prayer Book. 

1450^. Bible (six versions). The Hexaglot Bible, comprising the Sep- 
tuagint, the Syriac (of the New Testament), the Vulgate, and the 
authorized English and German, and the most approved French 
versions. Edited by Edmund Riches de Levante. London : 
R. D. Dickinson, 1876. 6 vols. 4to. 



1 450*. Bible (English). [In Memoriam Gul. Caxton.] The Holy 
Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments : Translated out 
of the Original Tongues : and with the former Translations dili- 
gently compared and revised, by His Majesty's special Command. 
Appointed to be read in Churches. Oxford : Printed at the Uni- 
versity Press ; London : Henry Frowde, Oxford University Press 
Warehouse, 7, Paternoster Row ; New York : 42, Bleecker Street 
June 30, 1877. Cum Privilegio. Minion i6mo. 

Lent by Henry Stevens^ Esq. 
Facing the title is " Wholly printed and bound in twelve hours, on the 30th 
day of June, 1877, for the Caxton Celebration." Only 100 copies were printed. 
The last Bible printed— called the "Caxton Memorial Bible." 



END OF BIBLES. 




190 Cajtton Celebration^ 



Section II. 

LITURGIES. 

1450a. 
ITURGIES. Officia Ambrosii. Milan: Valdarfer, 1474. 
4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First book printed by Valdarfer at Milan. Exhibited in Class B. 

1450^. Liturgies. Missale Romanura. Rome: Ulric Han, 1475. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

This is the second edition, the first having been printed by 2^rotus at 
Milan in 1474. This copy is printed on vellum. 

1450^. Liturgies. Officium B. Virginis. Naples : Moravus, 1478. 
Small 8vo. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Printed on vellum. 

1450^. Liturgies. Breviarium secdm usum Sarum. Impensis Margaret^e 
comitissae Richmondiae R. Pynson ad signum sancti Georgii. 
4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

1450^. Liturgies. Missale Fratrum Predicatorum. Venice: Andreas 
Torresanus de Asula, 1496. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Printed on vellum. Exhibited in Class B. 

1450/! Liturgies. Horse Beatae Virginis sec. Consuetudinem Rom. 
Cur. Gr., 1497. Aldus. i6mo. Letit by Earl Spencer. 

Exhibited in Class B. 

i45o^.LiTURGiES. Missale Mozarabes. Toledo: Peter Hagembach, 
1500. Folio. Lxnt by Earl Spencer. 

This Missal, together with the Mozarabic Breviary of 1502, was compiled by 
Cardinal Ximenes for the use of the Goths residing in Spain, who were known 
by the name of " Mistarabes "or " Mozarabes " from the fact of some of their 
ancestors having remained in that country on its conquest by the Moorish 
Arabs. 

1 450//. Liturgies. Missale secdm usum Sarum. Richard Pynson. In- 
ceptum et perfectum mandato et impensis .... Johis Morton 
Presby. Cardinalis Cantuarien. Archiep. Jan. 1500. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
Printed on vellum. 

1450/. Liturgies. Missale Romanum. Venetiis, 1501. Svo. 

I^nt by Henry White, Esq. 



Cla052f €.—%itnvQit$i. 191 

1450/*. Liturgies. Breviarium Mozarabes secundum regulam Hysidori. 
Toledo, 1502. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

St. Isidore compiled the "Missale Gothicum" which was ordained by the 
Council of Toledo, to be used in all churches in Spain in the seventh century. 
Alphonso VI. after expelling the Moorish Arabs from Toledo in the eleventh 
century endeavoured to substitute for it the Roman Missal. Exhibited in 
Class B. 

1450/^. Liturgies, Missale Vallisumbrose. Venice : Lucas Antonius de 
Giunta, 1503. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Printed on vellum. Exhibited in Class B. 

1450/. Liturgies. Sarum Breviary (a unique fragment). Printed by 
Thielman Kerver at Paris, forWynken de Worde. London, 1506. 
Folio. Lent by John Eliot Hodgkin^ Esq. 

i45o»/.Liturgies. Missale Carthusiensium. Venetiis, 1509. 

Lent by Henry White, Esq, 

i45o«.Liturgies. Missale Romanum. Paris, 15 16. 

Lent by Henry White, Esq. 

1450^. Liturgies. The Book of Common Prayer. R. Grafton, Lon- 
don. Mense Martij, 1549. P'olio. 

Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen-Amhurst, Esq. 
The first edition of the Book of Common Prayer. 

1450/.L1TURGIES. The Book of Common Prayer. E. Whitchurche, 
London, Mense Junij, 1549. Folio. 

Lent by W. Amhurst Tyssen-Amhurst, Esq. 

i45o^.LiTURGiES. Book of Common Prayer. Londini : E.Whitchurch, 
1549. Folio. Lent by Birket Foster, Esq. 

1 45or. Liturgies. Missale Romanum. Venetiis, 1563. 

Lent by Henry JVhite, Esq. 

1 45 Of. Liturgies. Bishop Carsewell's Liturgy. In Highland Gaelic. 
Edinburgh, 1567. i2mo. 

Lent by the University Library, Edinburgh. 
The first book printed in the Gaelic language. Exhibited in Class A. 

1450/. Liturgies. Common Prayer. London : John Cawood, 1567. 
4to. Lent by Henry J. Atkinso?i, Esq. 

1 4502^. Liturgies. Common Prayer. London : John Day and Chris- 
topher Barker, 1580. 4to. Lent by Henry/. Atkinson, Esq. 

-14507'. Liturgies. Common Prayer. London, 1623. Folio. 

Lent by James/. Parsloe, Esq. 



192 Ca;;ton Celebratfom 

1 450a/. Liturgies. The Book of Common Prayer, and Administration 
of the Sacraments : and other Rites and Ceremonies of the 
Church of England; with the Psalter or Psalmes of David. Edin- 
burgh : Printed by the Printers to the Kings most excellent Majestie. 
Anno Dom. 1633. 8vo. Lent by D, Laing, Esq, 

i450Jf.LiTURGiES. Common Prayer. Edinburgh, 1634. 8vo. 

Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 
Along with the Prayer Book is bound an edition of the Greek New Testa- 
ment, printed at London for Richard Whittaker, 1633. Also an edition of 
Stemhold and Hopkins' Psalms. London, 1634, 8vo. 

i45o_>'. Liturgies. The Booke of Common Prayer, and administration 
of the Sacraments, and other parts of devine Service for the 
Church of Scotland. Edinburgh : Printed by Robert Young, 
Printer to the King's most excellent Majestie. 1637. Folio. 

Lent by D. Laing^ Esq. 
This is the book known as " Laud's Liturgy." It was during the reading 
of this service-book in the cathedral at Edinburgh, 23rd July, 1637, that Jenny 
Geddes threw her **fauld-stool" at the Dean of Edinburgh, who was officiating. 
This caused a considerable tumult, followed by others, which finally led to the 
renewal of the "Covenant," the invasion of England under Leslie, the Great 
Civil War, and the destruction of the Episcopal Church in Scotland. 

1450*. Liturgies. Common Prayer. London : J. Bill, C. Barker, and 
T. Newcomb, 1678. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq, 

1450^. Liturgies. Common Prayer, with the Psalms in Metre, translated 
by King James the VL Edinburgh : Printed by James Watson, 
1 7 1 2. 8vo. Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 

i45oy. Liturgies. Common Prayer. London : John Baskett, T. New- 
comb, and Henry Hills, 17 18. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

1450J: Liturgies (German). Regenspurg, 1753. 8vo. 

Lent by Henry J, Atkinson, Esq, 

14501. Liturgies (Swedish). Stockholm, 1772. i6mo. 

Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

145011. Liturgies. Common Prayer. London: John Reeves, 1801. 
8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 

14506. Liturgies. Common Prayer. New York : Stanford and Lunds, 
1846. 8vo. Lent by Henry J. Atkinson, Esq. 





Class D. 

SPECIMENS NOTICEABLE FOR RARITY OR FOR 

BEAUTY AND EXCELLENCE OF 

TYPOGRAPHY. 

HE following list does not include all the specimens sent 
to the Exhibition which are remarkable for rarity or beauty 
of execution. Many of them have been placed in Classes 
A, B, C, so that the history of the development of the 
typographical art might be fully illustrated. 

In Section I. will be found unique or rare books chrono- 
logically arranged, and in Section II. specimens noticeable for beauty and 
excellence of typography, likewise chronologically arranged. To many 
of these works brief descriptive notes have been appended. Examples 
of modern foreign typography are exhibited in one case, and the 
reprints of rare books in another, so that better attention can be given 
to these two classes of books. The general arrangement of the works 
exhibited is, as far as possible, chronological, to follow the order of the 
Catalogue. 

Section I. 

UNIQUE OR RARE BOOKS NOT FALLING IN 
CLASSES A, B, or C. 

Arranged chronologically to illustrate the Progress of Printing. 

Fifteenth Century. 

\LDIS, Hermannus de. Speculum pclarum iporum sacerdotum. 
. . . editum maguntieque impesum. Mentz. 4to. circ. 1460. 

Lent by ReiK J. Fuller Russell. 

No other copy known, that formerly in the Mentz library being lost ; proba- 
bly printed by Gutenberg. 




194 Canon Celebration. 

1452. SiFFRiDUS. Detemiinacones duarum questionum Siffridi quondam 
Cyren episcopi ad Archipresulem metropolis Maguntine. Circ. 
1460. 4to. Lent by Rev. J. Fuller Russell. 

Of this edition no other copy has been discovered ; it is printed in the type of 
the Hennannus de Saldis, also lent by Mr. Russell. 

1453. Aquinas seu de Aquino, Thomas. Summa de articulis fidei et 
ecclesie sacramentis. s. 1. et a. 4to. 

Lent by ReiK J. Fuller Russell. 
Executed in same type as the Catholicon, 1460. 

1454. Catholicon, seu grammatica et Lexicon Jo. de Janua. Folio. 
Mentz, 1460. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Supposed to have been printed by Gutenberg. Vol. 2 wiD be found under 
Class B. 

1455. Histories of Joseph, Daniel, Judith, and Esther. German. 
Albert Pfister. Bamberg, 1462. Folio. With coloured woodcuts. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
The same type as that of the Pfister Bible. Exceedingly rare. No other 
dated specimen from this press occurs until 148 1. 

1456. Cicero. De officiis et paradoxa. Mentz : Fust and Schoeffer, 
1 465 . Lent by Earl of Leicester. 

On vellum, with Melancthon's notes. 

1457. BoccACio. II Decamerone. Valdarfer. Venice, 147 1. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First edition of the Decameron with a date. Only three other copies of it 
are known to exist — viz., at Blenheim, Paris, and Milan. This is the only 
perfect one which escaped the Florentine bonfires to which the auditors of 
Savonarola committed their books of amusement and ornaments of luxury. At 
the sale of the Duke of Roxburgh's Library in 181 2, after a contest between 
Lord Spencer and the Duke of Marlborough, it was knocked down to the latter 
at ;^2,26o, the largest price ever given for a single volume. At the sale of the 
Duke of Marlborough's Library in Berkshire, some years after, Lord Spencer 
obtained it for ^750. 

1458. Gratianus. Concordia discordantium Canonum. Argent, per 
H. Eggestyn, 1471. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Vol. I., rubricated. Vol. II., in Class B. 

1459' Ovid. Epistolse; Amores; de Arte amandi ; de remedio amoris. 
Bononiae, 147 1. (Vols, i and 2 in Class B.) First book printed 
at Bologna. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

1460. Horatius. Opera omnia. Amoldus de Bruxella. Naples, 
1474- 4to. Unique. Lent by Earl Spencer. 



Cla0j2( 2D.— IRare or Beautiful &pecimen0. 195 

1 46 1. Modus, Le Roy. Livre de Chasse. Neyret. Chambdry, i486. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition. Printed in the same year as the St. Alban's "Book of 
Hawkyng and Huntyng." 
Ant. Neyret was the first and only early printer here. 

1462. Speculum Humanae Salvationis. 4to. 

Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 
With text and woodcuts in pale brown ink. 

1463. Dante. Divina Comcedia. Landino : Firenze, 1481. Folio. 

Lent by David Laing, Esq., Edinburgh. 

1464. PoLYCHRONicoN (The). Emprinted at Westminstre by Wynkyn 
de Worde. 1495. Folio. Lent from Sion College Library. 

1465. Aquinas super libros sententiarum. Venice, Antonio de Strata, 
i486. Folio. Vellum. Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A., E.G.S. 

1466. ScHATZBEH ALTER. Koberger. Nuremberg, 1491. 

Lent by H. White, Esq. 
With 95 wood engravings by Melchior Wohlgemuth, Albert Durer's master. 

1467. Anthologia Graeca cura Jo. Lascaris. Florence : F. de Alopa, 
1494. Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition. One of the five books printed in capital Greek letters by 
F. de Alopa. This appears to have been the presentation copy to Cardinal de 
Medicis, afterwards Leo X. 

1468. Columbus, Christopher. Epistola Columbi. 1494. 4to. 

Lent by Rev. J. Fuller Russell. 
Excessively rare edition of the celebrated Letter of Columbus, containing his 
account of the discovery of the Isles of America. The first and only edition 
containing wo odcuts. 

1469. Vitas Patrum. Wynkyn de Worde, 1495. Folio. 

I^eni by W. Harrison, Esq., F.S.A. 
Translated out of Frensshe into Englysshe by Wyllyam Caxton of 
Westmynstre, and fynysshed in the said towne of Westmynstre be my Wynkyn 
de Worde. 

1470. Brandt, Sebastian. Stultifera navis : interpr: Jac. Locher, cogn. 
Philomuso. Basil: Joh. Bergmann de Olpe, 1497. i6mo. 

Lent by H. White, Esq., F. S. A, 
Original edition published at Basle. 

Sixteenth Century. 

147 1. Petrarch. Le cose vulgari. Venetiis : Aldus, 1501. 8vo. 
Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer, 



196 Cajcton Celebration. 

1472. Dante. Le terze rime di Dante. Venetiis: in aedibus Aldi, 
1502. 8vo. Lent by Earl BeaucJiamp. 

Edition recherchee. — Brunei. 

1473. Ovid. Metamorphosis. Vol. I. Venetiis : Aldus, 1502. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
On vellum. Vols. II. and III. in Class B. 

1474. Liber Intrationum. London: Pynson, 15 10. Folio. 

Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 

Illustrations of legal antiquities. 

1475. AssERius sive Asser. Alfred! regis res gestae. London : John 
Day, 15 14. Folio. Lent by S. Christie-Miller, Esq. 

First book printed in Anglo-Saxon type. 

1476. Tewrdannckh. Gedruckt in der Kayserlichen Stat Niirnberg 
< durch den eltern Hannsen Schonsperger zu Augspurg. 15 17. 

Vellum. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Allegorical poem composed by Melchior Pfinzing on the occasion of the 
Emperor Maximilian's marriage to Princess Mary of Burgundy. Remarkable 
for its peculiar type and wood engravings, supposed to be by Hans Schanf- 
felein. 

1477. Henricus VIII. Assertio septem Sacramentorum adversus Martin 
Luther. Pynson, 15 21. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition. One of the four impressions known to exist on vellum, of 
which two are in the Vatican Library. 

1478. Froissart, John. Chronicles, translated out of Frenche into 
oure Englysshe tongue, by John Bouchier knyghte, lorde Berners. 
2 vols. London: R. Pynson, 1523-5. Folio. 

Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 

1479. Knox's Letter to the Lady Mary of Scotland and Knox's Appel- 
lation. I vol. 1 2 mo. Geneva, 1558. 

Lent from the Signet Library, Edinburgh. 

1480. GoLTZ, Hubertus. Le imagini di imperattori. Lllustrated. 
An versa, 1577. Folio. L^nt by John Evans, Esq., F.S.A. 

1 48 1. HoLiNGSHED. Chronicles of England, Ireland, and Scotland. 
2 vols. London, 1577. Folio. (Vol. I. in Class A.) 

Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 

1482. Tarleton, Richard. Tragical treatises, contaynyng sundrie dis- 
courses and prety conceytes, in prose and verse. London : H. 
Bynneman, 1578. 12 mo. Lent by Sir C. I sham, Bart. 

Unique copy of a work hitherto supposed to have entirely perished. 



Cla052? 2D.— Eare or Beautiful ^pecf mtnsf> 197 

1483. Hake, Edward. Newes out of Powles Churchyarde : now newly 
renued and amplifyed according to the accidents of the present 
time, 1579. Written in English satyrs. Imprinted at London by 
John Charlewood and Richard Jhones, 1579. 8vo. 

Lent by Sir C. Isham^ Bart. 
Black letter, excessively rare, only two copies known. 

1484. The Faerie Queene. London, first edition. Printed for William 
Ponsonbie, 1590. 4to. Lent by H. WJiite^ Esq.^ F.S.A. 

Contains only the first three books. At the end of the third book are five 
stanzas omitted in subsequent editions, the author having replaced them with 
three others. 

1485. Spenser, Edmund. Complaints containing sundrie small poems 
of the world's vanitie, by Ed. Sp. ist edit. London, 1591. 
4to. Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 

Bound with this are the "Teares of the Muses," and Prosopopeia, &c., by 
E. S. 

i486. The Faerie Queene. London. Printed for William Ponsonbie. 
First complete edition containing the six books. 1596. 4to. 
2 vols. Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 

1487. Branch, Lady Helen. Epicedium; a funerall song, upon the 
vertuous life and godly death of the Lady Helen Branch. [By 
W. Har.] London : printed by Thomas Crede, 1594. 

Lent by Sir C. Isham, Bart. 
Excessively rare, only one other copy being known. 

1488. Branch, Lady Helen. Monodia, an elegie, in commemoration 
of the life and death of Dame Hellen Branch, widdowe. [By Jos. 
Silvester.] Imprinted by Peter Short. [1594.] 4to. 

Lent by Sir C. Lsham, Bart. 

1489. Emaricdulfe. Sonnets written by B. C, Esquier. London: 
printed for Matthew Law, 1595. 8vo. 

L^nt by Sir C. Lsham, Bart. 
Unique copy of hitherto unknown work. Bound in the same cover are the 
rare works : — Bamefield, Cynthia, 1595. Griffin, Fidessa, 1596. Tofte, 
Laura, 1597. 

1490. [MuSiEUS.] Hero and Leander; begun by Christopher Marloe 
and finished by George Chapman. London : printed by Felix 
Kingston for Paule Linley, 1598. 4to. 

Lent by Sir C. Lsham, Bart. 

A hitherto unrecorded edition, of which the Lamport Library possesses the 
only two copies known. Bound at end, Francis Sabie's rare poem. 



19^ Cajcton Celebratiom 

1491. The Fisherman's tale in two parts. 1595. 4to. 

Lent by Sir C. Isham, Bart. 

1492. Shakespeare, William. Venus and Adonis. Imprinted for 
William Leake. London, 1599. 8vo. 

Lent by Sir C. Ishanty Bart. 

Unique copy of a hitherto unknown edition. 

1493. The Passionate Pilgrim. London : printed for W. Jaggard, 1599. 

Lent by Sir C. Isham, Bart. 
Unique ; being the only perfect exemplar of the two copies known. 

i493*.Varamund's Outrages of France, &c. Translated at Striveling, 
Scotland. i2mo. London, 1573. 

Lent from the Signet Library ^ Edinburgh. 

Seventeenth Century. 

1494. TouRNEUR, CyriL The Transformed. Metamorphosis [in verse]. 
London : printed by Valentine Sims, 1600. 8vo. 

Lent by Sir C. Isham^ Bart. 
Unique ; a hitherto unknown work, by the author of the Revengers Tragedie 
and other productions. 

1495. Rodomonths Infernall, or the Diuell conquered. Ariastos Con- 
clusions. Of the marriage of Rogero wth Bradamanth his Love, 
and the fell fought battell between Rogero and Rodomonth. 
Written in French by Phillip de Portes and paraphrastically trans- 
lated by G. M. [Gervase Markham]. London : printed by V. S. 
for Nicholas Ling, 1601. 8vo. Lent by Sir C. Isham^ Bart. 

Only two copies known. Excessively rare. 

1496. Bas, William. Three pastoral elegies, of Anander, Anetor, and 
Muridella. London : printed by V. S. for J. B., 1602. 4to. 

Lent by Sir C. Lsham^ Bart. 
Excessively rare ; only one other copy known, in Winchester College Library. 

1497. Breton, Nicholas. The Mother's Blessing (a poem). London : 
by T. C. for John Smethick, 1602. 4to. 

Lent by Sir C. /shanty Bart. 
Almost unique ; the only other known copy, in the Bodleian Library, being 
imperfect. 

1498. Southwell, Robert. A Foure-fould Meditation of the Foure 
Last Things, viz. : 

I. Houre of Death. 2. Day of Judgement. 

3. Paines of Hell. 4. Joyes of Heaven. 

London: by G. Eld, for Francis Burton, 1606. 4to. Composed 
in a divine Poerae by R. S., the author of S. Peter's Complaint. 

Lent by Sir C. Ishatn^ Bart. 



Cla00 2D.— Eare or Beautiful SpecimenjEf. 199 

1499. Shakespeare's Sonnets, never before imprinted. London : by G. 
Eld, 1609. 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

1500. JoNsoN, Ben. Works, ist edit. London, 1618. Folio. 

Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 

1 50 1. Shakespeare's Works. Printed by Isaac Jaggard and Ed. Blount, 
1623. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition, containing thirty-five plays printed from the MS. copies used 
by the actors Heminge and Condell. The Play of Pericles did not appear 
until in the third edition, although it had already been printed separate^ in 
1609. 

1502. Shakspeare, William. Works. Second impression. London, 
1632. Folio. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

With autograph of Charles I., *^ Dum Spiro spero.'' This motto is also 
written in Prynne's "Life of Laud," preserved in the Archiepiscopal Librar}', 
Lambeth Palace. 

1503. Milton's Comus. A Maske presented at Ludlow Castle, 1634, 
on Michaelmasse Night, before the Earle of Bridgewater. London : 
Humphrey Robinson, 1637. 4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The earliest printed production of Milton. 

1504. Milton, John. Paradise Lost; a Poem in Ten Books. London : 
printed for S. Simmons, 1669. 4to. 

Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 

1505. Paradise Regained ; a Poem in Four Books. To which is 
added Samson Agonistes. The author John Milton. Printed by 
J. M. for John Starkey, London, 167 1. First edit. 

Lent by H. White, Esq., F.SA. 

1506. BuNYAN, John. The Pilgrim's Progress. First edition. Lon- 
don, 1678. 8vo. Lent by E. Stock, Esq. 

Only two other copies known. 

1507. BuNYAN, John. The Pilgrim's Progress. Second part. First 
edition. London, 1684. 8vo. Lent by E. Stock, Esq. 

1508. BuNYAN, John. The Holy War. First edition. London, 1682. 
8vo. Lent by E. Stock, Esq. 

Eighteenth Century. 

1509. Pope, Alexander. Essay on Man ; with other poems, transla- 
tions, &c. I St edit. London, 1731-38. Folio. 

Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 



200 Ca;cton Celebration. 

15 10. Gray, Thomas. Poems. London: J. Dodsley. ist edition. 
1768. 4to. Lent by H. White, Esq., F.S.A. 

1511. Burns, Robert. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect. First 
edition. Kilmarnock, 1786. 8vo. Lent by D. Laing, Esq, 

i5ii*.The Confession of Faith and the Larger and Shorter Catechisme, 
first agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, and 
now appointed by the Generall Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland 
to be a part of Uniformity in Religion between the Kirks of 
Christ in the three kingdoms. Amsterdam, Printed by Luice 
Elsever, for Andrew Wilson, and are to be sold at his shop in 
Edinburgh, 1649. i2mo. Lent by D. Laing, Esq. 

The only book in English that is known to have been printed by the Elzevirs. 

Books without date. 

1512. Davies, Sir John. Epigrammes; Ovid, Elegies ; translated by 
Christopher Marlowe. At Middleborough. n. d. 8vo. 

Lent by Sir C. Isham, Bart. 
Very rare edition, ordered to be burnt at Stationers* Hall, 1599. Bound 
with Shakespeare's Venus and Adonis. 

15 13. Paraboue. Directorium humanae vite alias parabole antiquoru 
sapientu. s. 1. et a. Folio. L^nt by Rev. J. Fuller Russell. 

Extremely rare. 

1 5 14. Tenores novellL Per Willi, le Tailleur ad instantiam Rich. 
Pynson. s. 1. et a. 3rd edition. Littleton's Tenures printed at 
Rouen. Folio. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

1 509*. Milton's Works. 2 vols. Printed by Baskerville, 1758. 8vo. 

Lent by James Hemington, Esq. 




Cla^0 i3D.— IRare or Beautiful fepecimen^. 201 

Exhibited by the Library Committee of the Corporation of the 
City of London. 

PAGEANTS. 
Royal Processions and Entertainments. 

15 1 7. The Copie of a Letter sent in to Scotlande, of the ariuall and 
landynge and moste noble marryage of the moste illustre Prynce 
Philippe, Prynce of Spaine, to the most excellente Princes Marye 
Quene of England,' solemnisated in the citie of Winchester: and 
howe he was receyued and installed at Windsore, and of his trium- 
phyng entries in the noble citie of London. Whereunto is added a 
brefe overture or openyng of the legacion of the most reverende 
Father in God, Lorde Cardinall Poole, from the Sea apostolyke of 
Rome, with the substaunce of his oracyon to the kyng and quenes 
magestie, for the reconcilement of the realme of Englande to the 
unitie of the Catholyke Churche. With the very copye also of the 
supplycacio exhibited to their highnesses by the Three Estates 
assembled in the Parlamente, wherin they, representing the whole 
body of the realme and dominions of the same, have submitted 
theselves to the Pope's Holynesse. By John Elder. i2mo. 
(Black letter.) London, John Waylande, at the signe of the Sunne 
over agaynst the Conduit in Flete strete, 1555. 

15 18. The Passage of our most drad soueraigne lady Quene Elyzabeth 
through the citie of London to Westminster the daye before her 
coronacion. 4to. London. Printed by Richard Tottill at the 
signe of the hand and Starre Flete-strete, 1558. 

i5i8*.A Speach delivered to the Kinges most excellent Majestic in the 
name of the Sheriffes of London and Middlesex. By Master 
Richard Martine of the Middle Temple. 4to. Edinburgh, 1603. 

15 19. B. Jon : (B. Jonson) his part of King James his royall and mag- 
nificent Entertainement through his honourable Cittie of London, 
Thurseday the ist of March, 1603, so much as was presented in 
the first and last of these triumphall arch's, with his Speach made 
to the last presentation in the strand, erected by the inhabitants 
of the Dutchy and Westminster. 4to. London, 1604. 

i5I9*.The magnificent Entertainment giuen to King James, Queene 
Anne his wife, and Henry Frederick the Prince, upon the day of 
His Majesties triumphant passage (from the Tower through his 
honourable Citie (and Chamber) of London), being the 15 of 
March, 1603, as well by the English as by the strangers ; with the 
Speeches and Songes delivered in the severall pageants. By 
Thomas Dekker. 4to. London, 1604. 



202 Cajctoix Celebration 

1520. The Arches of Triumph erected in honour of the high and mighty 
prince James, the First of that name King of England, and the 
Sixth of Scotland, at His Majesties entrance and passage through 
his honourable Citty and Chamber of London upon the 15 th day 
of March, 1603. Invented by Stephen Harrison, joyner and archi- 
tect, and graven by William Kip. Folio. London, 1604. 

1 52 1. The most Royall and Honourable Entertainement of the famous 
king Christiem the Fourth, King of Denmark, with a relation of 
his meeting by our royall king, the prince, and nobles of our 
realme ; with the royal passage, on Thursday the 31st July, 
through the citty of London, and honourable shewes there pre- 
sented them. By Hen. Robarts. 4to. London, 1606. 

1522. London's Love to the royal Prince Henrie, meeting him on the 
river of Thames, at his returne from Richmonde, with a worthie 
fleete of her cittizens, on Thursday the last of May, 16 10; with a 
briefe reporte of the water-fight, and Fire workes. 4to. Ix)ndon, 
1610. 

1523. Heauens Blessing and Earths Joy ; or a true relation of the sup- 
posed sea fights and fire-workes as were accomplished before the 
royall celebration of al-beloved mariage of the two peerlesse par- 
ragons of Christindome, Fredericke and Elizabeth, with triumphal! 
encomiasticke verses, consecrated to the immortall memory of 
those happy and blessed nuptials. By John Taylor. 4to. Lon- 
don, 1 6 13. 

1524. CiviTATis Amor, the Citie's Loue ; an entertainement by water at 
Chelsey and White-hall, at the receiuing of that illustrious hope of 
Great Britaine, Charles, to bee created Prince of Wales, &c. ; also 
the ceremonies on the occasion. 4to. London, 161 6. 

1525. Two Royal Entertainments, lately given to the most illustrious 
prince Charles, Prince of Great Britaine, by the high and mighty 
Philip the Fourth, King of Spaine, &c., at the feasts of Easter and 
Pentecost Translated out of the Spanish originals, printed at 
Madrid. 4to. London, 1623. 

1526. A TRUE discovrse of all the Royal Passages, Tryumphs, and Cere- 
monies obserued at the contract and mariage of the high and 
mighty Charles, King of Great Britaine, and the most excellentest 
of ladies, the Lady Henrietta Maria of Burbon, sister to the most 
christian King of France. Together with her journey from Paris 
to Bulloigne, and thence unto Douer in England, where the king 
met her, and the manner of their enterview. As also the tryum- 
phant solemnities which passed in their ioumies from Douer to 
the citie of London, and so to Whitehall. 4to. London, 1625. 



Cla^jJ 2D*— Eare or Beautiful fepecfmen^* 203 

1527. OvATio Carolina: the Triumph of King Charles, or the trium- 
phant manner and order of receiving His Majesty into his city of 
London, on Thursday the 25th day of November, Anno Dom. 
1 64 1, upon his safe and happy return from Scotland. With 
Master Recorder's Speech to His Majestie and His Majesties most 
gracious Answer. 4to. London, 164 1. 

1528. England's Comfort, and London's Joy: expressed in the royall, 
triumphant, and magnificent entertainment of our dread soveraigne 
lord King Charles, at his blessed and safe returne from Scotland, 
on Thursday the 25th of November, 1641, by the right hon. 
Richard Gumey, esq., lord mayor, with the right worshipfull 
knights and aldermen, sheriffes, and companies of this famous 
city of London. Together with the manner and forme how the 
state is to bee observed and performed by the severall companies 
on horsebacke and foot ; for the conducting of His Majesty, the 
Queene, the Prince, and all the royall progeny to the Guild-hall, 
London, to dinner, and from thence to His Majesties palace at 
White-hall : also the severall speeches, and other verses presented 
to his sacred person at that time. (With curious woodcuts.) 4to. 
London, 1641. 

1529. Five most noble Speeches, spoken to His Majesty, returning out 
of Scotland into England. Also the relation after what manner, 
and where, His Majestie knighted the lord mayor and the recorder 
of London ; with a description of with what honourable triumph 
His Majestie did ride into the city of London, &c. 4to. Lon- 
don, 1 64 1. 

1530. King Charles, his entertainment, and London's loyal tie; being a 
true relation and description of the manner of the cities welcome, 
and expression of the subjects love to his royall majestie, at his 
return from Scotland. 4to. London, 1641. 

1531. Mr. Recorder's Speech to the Lord Protector upon Wednesday 
the eighth of Feb. 1653, being the day of His Highnesse enter- 
tainment in London. 4to. London, 1653. 

1532. London's Glory, represented by Time, Truth, and Fame, before 
King Charles II. at Guildhall, in 1660. 4to. London, 1660. 

1533. A Short Representation, performed before the Lord General 
Monck at Guildhall, Tuesday, April i ith, by three persons. 4to. 
London, 1660. 



204 Ca;cron Celebration. 

1534. A Relation of His Majesties Entertainment passing through the 
city of London to his Coronation ; with a description of the tri- 
umphal arches and solemnity. By John Ogilby. Folio. Lon- 
don, 1 66 1. 

1535. The Entertainment of his most excellent majestic Charles IL, in 
his passage through the city of London to his Coronation ; con- 
taining an exact accompt of the whole solemnity ; the triumphal 
arches, and cavalcade, delineated in sculpture ; the speeches and 
impresses illustrated from antiquity. To these is added a brief 
narrative of His Majestie's solemn Coronation, with his magnifi- 
cent proceeding, and royal feast in Westminster Hall. By John 
Ogilby. Folio. London, 1662. 

1536. Aqua Triumphalis ; being a true relation of the honourable the 
City of London's entertaining their sacred Majesties upon the 
river of Thames and wellcoming them from Hampton Court to 
Whitehall, expressed in several shews and pageants, the 23 day 
of August, 1662. Written by John Tatham, gent Folio. Lon- 
don, 1662. 

1537. The King's Coronation, being an exact account of the Cavalcade, 
with a description of the triumphal arches and speeches prepared 
by the city of London for his late Majesty Charles the Second in 
his passage from the Tower to Whitehall. By John Ogilby. 
Published by William Morgan, His Majesties Cosmographer. 
Folio. London, 1685. 

Lord Mayors' Pageants. 

1538. Descensus Astrseae: the Device of a Pageant borne before M. 
William Web, Lord Maior of the citie of London on the day he 
tooke his oath, beeing the 29 of October, 1591. Whereunto is 
annexed a speech deliuered by one clad like a sea nymph, who 
presented a pinesse on the water, brauely rigd and mand, to the 
lord maior, at the time he tooke barge to go to Westminster. 
Done by G. Peele, Maister of Arts in Oxford. 4to. Printed for 
William Wright London, 1591. 

1539 The Triumphs of Truth, a solemnity vnparalleld for cost and mag- 
nificence, at the confirmation of that worthy and true nobly- 
minded gentleman Sir Thomas Middleton, knight, in the honour- 
able office, &c. of the Lord Maior of the thrice famious citty of 
London. Directed^ written^ and redeemed into forme^ from the 
ignorance of sonte former times and their common writer y by Thomas 
Middleton. 4to. London, 1613. 



Cla00 3D.— IRare or Beautiful fepecfmen^. 205 

1540. The manner of his Lordships entertainment on Michaelmas day 
last, being the day of his honorable election, together with the 
worthy Sir John Swinarton, knight, then Lord Maior, the learned 
and iuditious Sir Henry Montague, maister recorder, and many of 
the right worshipfull the aldermen of the citty of London, at that 
most famous and admired worke of the running streame from 
Amwell head into the cesteme neere Islington, being the sole 
inuention, cost, and industry of that worthy Maister Hugh Middle- 
ton, of London, Goldsmith, for the generall good of the citty. By 
T. M. 4to. London, 1613. 

1541. Metropolis Coronata: the Triumphes of Ancient Drapery; or 
Rich Cloathing of England, in a second yeeres performance. In 
honour of the aduancement of Sir John JoUes, knight, to the office 
of Lord Maior of London, and taking his oath for the same 
authoritie, on Monday, being the 30 day of October, 161 5. Per- 
formed in heartie affection to him, and at the bountifull charges of 
his worthy brethren the truely honourable society of Drapers, the 
first that received such dignitie in this citie. Deuised and \vritten 
by A. M. [Anthony Munday], citizen and draper of London. 
4to. Printed at London, by George Purslowe. 4to. 161 5. 

1542. Chrysanaleia : the Golden Fishing, or honour of Fishmongers ; 
applauding the aduancement of Mr. John Leman, alderman, to the 
dignitie of Lord Maior of London ; taking his oath in the same 
authority at Westminster, on Tuesday, being the 29 day of 
October, 16 16. Performed in hearty loue to him, and at the 
charges of his worthy brethren, the ancient and right worshipfull 
company of Fishmongers. Deuised and written by A. M. [Anthony 
Munday], citizen and draper of London. 4to. Printed at Lon- 
don by George Purslowe. 4to. 1616. 

1543. [The Fishmongers' Pageant on Lord Mayor's day, 1616. Chrysa- 
naleia : the Golden Fishing, devised by Anthony Munday, citizen 
and draper, represented in twelve plates by Henry Shaw, F.S.A., 
from contemporary drawings in the possession of the worshipful 
company of Fishmongers. Accompanied with various illustrative 
documents, and an historical introduction, by John Gough 
Nichols, F.S.A., London and Newcastle, citizen and stationer. 
Folio. London, 1844.] 

1544. Tes Irenes Trophaea; or the Tryumphs of Peace, that celebrated 
the solemnity of the right honourable Sir Francis Jones, knight, at 
his inauguration into the maioraltie of London, on Monday, being 
the 30 of October, 1620. At the particular cost and charge of the 



2o6 Carton Celebration. 

right worshipful! and ancient society of the Haberdashers. With 
explication of the severall shewes and deuices. By J. S. [John 
Squire]. Printed by Nicholas Okes. 4to. London, 1620. 

1545. The triumphs of health and prosperity. A noble solemnity per- 
formed through the city, at the sole cost and charges of the 
honourable fraternity of Drapers, at the inauguration of their most 
worthy brother the right honourable Cuthbert Racket, lord mayor 
of the famous city of London. By Tho. Middleton, gent. 4to. 
London, 1626. 

1546. LoNDiNi Speculum; or, London's Mirror, exprest in sundry 
triumphs, pageants, and showes, at the initiation of the Right 
honorable Richard Fenn, into the mairolty of the famous and 
farre renowned city London. All the charge and expense of these 
laborious projects, both by water and land, being the sole under- 
taking of the right worshipful company of Habberdashers. Written 
by Tho. Heywood. 4to. London, 1637. 

1547. Porta Pietatis, or the port or harbour of piety; expressed in 
sundry triumphes, pageants, and showes, at the initiation of the 
right honourable Sir Mavrice Abbot, knight, into the majoralty of 
the famous and farre renowned city London. All the charge and 
expence of the laborious projects, both by water and land, being 
the sole undertaking of the right worshipfull company of Drapers. 
Written by Thomas Heywood. 4to. London (J. Okes), 1638. 

1548. LoNDiNi Status Pacatus, or London's peaceable estate ; exprest 
in sundry triumphs, pageants, and shewes, at the initiation of the 
right honourable Henry Ganvay into the majoraty of the famous 
and farre renowned city London. All the charge and expence of 
the laborious projects, both by water and land, being the sole 
undertakings of the right worshipful society of Drapers. Written 
by Thomas Heywood. 4to. London (John Okes), 1639. 

1549. Charity Triumphant; or the Virgin-Shew. Exhibited on the 
29th of October, 1655, being the Lord Mayor's day. 4to. Lon- 
don, 1655. 

[Written by Edmund Gayton, and dedicated to Alderman John Dethicke, 
lord mayor.] 

1550. London's Triumphs, presented by Industry and Honour, with 
other delightfull scoenes appertaining to them ; celebrated in 
honour of the right honourable Sir John Ireton, knt, Lord Mayor 
of the said city, on the 29 day of October, 1658, and done at the 
costs and charges of the worshipful company of Cloth-workers. 
By J. Tatham. 4to. London, 1658. 



Cla00 SD.— Kate or Beautiful fepecimen^. 207 

1 55 1. The several Speeches made to Sir Richard Brown, lord mayor of 
the city of London, on Monday, 29th day of October, with the 
manner of the celebration of this triumphant day ; and the vari- 
ous scenes, figures, and pageants representing the Royal Oak and 
its pendant leaves, etc. In verse and prose. 4to. London, 1660. 

1552. London's Tryumphs, presented in several delightfull scoenes, 
both on the water and land, and celebrated in honour to the de- 
servedly honored Sir John Frederick, knight and baronet. Lord 
Mayor of the city of London, at the costs and charges of the wor- 
shipfuU company of Grocers. By John Tatham. 4to. London, 
1661. 

1553. LoNDiNUM Triumphans: London's Triumphs celebrated, in hon- 
our of the truely deserving Sir Anthony Bateman, knight. Lord 
Mayor of the honourable city of London, and done at the costs 
and charges of the right worshipful the company of Skinners, the 
29th of October, 1663. By John Tatham. Printed by W. G., for 
Henry Brome, at the Gun in Ivy lane. 4to. London, 1663. 

1554. London's Triumphs, celebrated the 29th of October, 1664, in 
honour to the truely deserver of honour. Sir John Lawrence, 
knight. Lord Maior of the honourable city of London : performed 
at the cost of the worshipful company of Haberdashers, &c. By 
John Tatham. London, 4to. 1664. 

1555. London's Resurrection to Joy and Triumph, expressed in sundry 
shews, shapes, scenes, speeches, and songs in parts, celebrious to 
the much meriting magistrate Sir George Waterman, knight. Lord 
Mayor of the city of London, at the peculiar and proper expences 
of the worshipful company of Skinners, the King, Queen, and 
Duke of York, and most of the nobility being present. Written 
by Thomas Jordan. 4to. London, 167 1. 

1556. London Triumphant ; or the city in jollity and splendour: ex- 
pressed in various pageants, shapes, scenes, speeches, and songs, 
invented and performed for congratulation and delight of the 
well-deserving Sir Robert Hanson, knight. Lord Mayor of the city 
of London, at the cost and charges of the worshipful company of 
Grocers ; His Majesty gracing the triumphs with his royal pre- 
sence. Written by Thomas Jordan. 4to. London, 1672. 

1557. London in its Splendor; consisting of triumphant pageants, 
whereon are represented many persons richly arrayed, properly 
habited, and significant to the design, with several speeches, and 
a song suitable to the solemnity ; all prepared for the honour of 
the prudent magistrate, Sir William Hooker, knight, Lord Mayor 
of the city of London, at the peculiar expences of the worshipful 



2o8 Cajcton Ctlcbratfon. 

company of Grocers. As also a description of His Majesties royal 
entertainment at Guildhall, by the city, in a plentiful feast and a 
glorious banquet. Written by Tho. Jordan. Printed by W. G., 
for Nath. Brook and John Playford. 4to. London, 1673. 

1558. The Triumphs of London; performed on Friday, October 29, 
1675, for the entertainment of the right honourable and truly 
noble pattern of prudence and loyalty. Sir Joseph Sheldon, knight, 
Lord Mayor of the city of London ; containing a true description 
of the several pageants, with the speeches spoken in each pageant, 
together with the several songs sung at this solemnity : all set 
forth at the proper costs and charges of the worshipful company 
of Drapers. Designed, &c., by Thomas Jordan, gent. 4to. 
London, 1675. 

1559. London's Triumphs, expressed in sundry representations, pageants, 
and shows, performed on Monday, October 30, 1676, at the in- 
auguration and instalment of the right honourable Sir Thomas 
Da vies, knt. Lord Mayor of the city of London, containing a true 
description of the several scenes and habits of the representers, 
with the speeches spoken on each pageant. All the charge and ex- 
pences of the industrious designs being at the sole undertaking of 
the ancient and right worshipful society of Drapers ; being the 
second year without intermission. By Thomas Jordan. 4to. 
London, 1676. 

1560. London's Triumphs, illustrated with many magnificent structures 
and pageants, on which are orderly advanced several stately repre- 
sentations of poetical deities sitting and standing in great splendor 
on several scenes in proper shapes ; with pertinent speeches, 
jocular songs (sung by the city musick), and pastoral dancing; 
performed October 29, 1677, for the celebration, solemnity, and 
inauguration of the right honourable Sir Francis Chaplin, knt.. 
Lord Mayor of the city of London. All the charge and expences 
of the industrious designs being the sole undertaking of the 
ancient and right worshipful company of Clothworkers. By 
Thomas Jordan, gent. 4to. London, 1677. 

1 56 1. London in Luster, projecting many bright beams of triumph ; dis- 
posed into several representations of scenes and pageants, performed 
with great splendour, on Wednesday, October 29, 1679, at the 
initiation and instalment of the right honourable Sir Robert Clay- 
ton, knight. Lord Mayor of the city of London ; dignified with 
various delightful variety of presentors, with speeches, songs, &c. 
All set forth at the proper costs and charges of the worshipful 
company of Drapers. Devised and composed by Thomas Jordan, 
gent 4to. London, 1679. 



Claj2f0 2D.— IRare or Beautiful fepetimenjs?. 209 

1562. London's Glory, or the Lord Mayor's Show; containing an illus- 
trious description of the several triumphant pageants, on which 
are represented emblematical figures, artful pieces of architecture, 
and rural dancing, with the speeches spoken in each pageant : 
also three new songs, the first in praise of the Merchant-Taylors, 
the second the Protestants Exhortation, and the third the Plotting 
Papists Litany, with their proper tunes, either to be sung or 
play'd : performed on Friday, October xxix. 1680, for the enter- 
tainment of the right honourable Sir Patience Warde, Knight, Lord 
Mayor of the city of London, at the proper cost and charges of the 
right worshipful company of Merchant-Taylors. Invented and 
composed by Thomas Jordan, gent. 

Pictoribus atque poetis 

Quidlibet audendi semper fuit aequa potestas. 

4to. London, 1680. 

1563. London's Joy, or the Lord Mayor's Show, triumphantly exhibited 
in various representations, scenes, and splendid ornaments, with 
divers pertinent figures and movements ; performed on Saturday, 
October xxix. 1681, at the inauguration of Sir John Moore, knt. 
Lord Mayor of the city of London. With the several speeches and 
songs which were spoken on the pageants in Cheapside, and sung 
in Guildhall during dinner. All the charges and expences of the 
industrious designs being the sole undertaking of the worshipful 
company of Grocers. By Thomas Jordan, gent 4to. London, 
1681. 

1564. The Lord Mayor's Show; being a description of the solemnity at 
the inauguration of the truly loyal and right honourable Sir 
William Prichard, knight, lord mayor of the city of London, 
president of the honourable Artillery-Company, and a member of 
the worshipful company of Merchant-Taylors. Perform'd on 
Monday, September xxx., 1682, with several new loyal songs and 
catches. 4to. London, 1682. 

1565. The Triumphs of London ; performed on Monday, October xxix. 
1683, for the entertainment of the right honourable and truly noble 
pattern of prudence and loyalty Sir Henry Tulse, knt., Lord Mayor 
of the city of London, containing a description of the whole 
solemnity. 4to. London, 1683. 

1566. London's Royal Triumph for the City's loyal Magistrate : in an 
exact description of several scenes and pageants, adorned with 
many magnificent representations, performed on Wednesday, 
October xxix. 1684, at the instalment and inauguration of the 

p 



210 Carton Celebratiom 

right honourable Sir James Smith, knight, Lord Mayor of the 
city of Lx)ndon : illustrated with divers delightful objects of gal- 
lantry and jollity, speeches and songs, single and in parts. Set 
forth at the proper costs and charges of the worshipful company 
of Drapers. Devised and composed by Tho. Jordan, gent. 4to. 
London, 1684. 

1567. London's Annual Triumph; performed on Thursday, October 
29, 1685, for the entertainment of the right honourable Sir Robert 
Jeffreys, kt, lord mayor of the city of London; with a description 
of the several pageants, speeches, and songs made proper for the 
occasion ; all set forth at the proper costs and charges of the wor- 
shipful company of Iron-mongers. Composed by Matt Taub- 
man. 4to. London, 1685. 

. 1568. London's Yearly Jubilee; performed on Friday, October xxix. 
1686, for the entertainment of the right honourable Sir John 
Peake, knt., Lord Mayor of the city of London ; with a descrip- 
tion of the several pageants, speeches, and songs, made for the 
occasion at the charge of the company of Mercers. By M. Taub- 
man. 4to. London, 1686. 

1569. London's Triumph, or the Goldsmiths' Jubilee; performed on 
Saturday, Oct. 29, 1687, for the confirmation and entertainment 
of the right hon. Sir John Shorter, knight. Lord Mayor of the 
city of London ; containing a description of several pageants and 
speeches made, proper for the occasion, together with a song, for 
the entertainment of His Majesty, who, with His Royal Con- 
sort, the Queen Dowager, their Royal Highnesses the Prince and 
Princess of Denmark, and the whole Court honour his Lordship 
this year with their presence. All set forth at the proper costs 
and charges of the worshipful company of Goldsmiths. By M. 
Taubman. Folio. London, 1687. 

1570. London's Great Jubilee, restored and performed, on Tuesday, 
October the 29th, 1689, for the entertainment of the right honour- 
able Sir Thomas Pilkington, knt. Lord Mayor of the city of 
London, containing a description of the several pageants and 
speeches, together with a song for the entertainment of their 
Majesties, who, with their royal highnesses the Prince and 
Princess of Denmark, the whole Court, and both Houses of Par- 
liament, honour his lordship this year with their presence. All 
set forth at the proper costs and charges of the right worshipful 
company of Skinners. By M[atthew] T[aubman]. 4to. London, 
1689. 



Cla00 2D.— IRare or Beautiful fepecfmenjaf* 2 1 1 

157 1. The Triumphs of London; performed on Thursday, October 29, 

1 69 1, for the entertainment of the right honourable Sir Thomas 
Stamp, lent. Lord Mayor of the city of London ; containing a 
true description of the several pageants, with the speeches spoken 
on each pageant. All set forth at the proper costs and charges of 
the worshipful company of Drapers. By E. S. [Elkanah Settle.] 
4to. London, 1691. 

1572. The Triumphs of London; performed on Saturday, October 29, 

1692, for the entertainment of the right honourable Sir John 
Fleet, knt.. Lord Mayor of the city of London ; containing a true 
description of the several pageants, with the speeches spoken on 
each pageant. All set forth at the proper costs and charges of 
the worshipful company of Grocers, together with an exact relation 
of the most splendid entertainments prepared for the reception of 
their sacred Majesties. By E. S. [Elkanah Settle.] 4to. London, 
1692. 

1573. The Triumphs of London, prepared for the entertainment of the 
right honourable Sir Thomas Lane, knight. Lord Mayor of the 
city of London ; containing a full description of the pageants, 
speeches, songs, and the whole solemnity of the day : performed 
on Monday the 29th of October, 1694. Set forth at the proper 
cost and charges of the honourable company of Clothworkers. 
[By E. Settle.] 4to. London, 1694. 

1574. The Triumphs of London; performed on Tuesday, October 29, 
1695, for the entertainment of the right honourable Sir John 
Houblon, knt., Lord Mayor of the city of London, containing a 
true description of the several pageants, with the speeches spoken 
on each pageant. All prepared at the proper costs and charges 
of the worshipful company of Grocers ; to which is added a new 
song upon His Majesty's return. By E. S. [Elkanah Settle.] 4to. 
London, 1695. 

1575. Glory's Resurrection; being the Triumphs of London revived, 
for the inauguration of the right honourable Sir Francis Child, 
knt. Lord Mayor of the city of London ; containing the descrip- 
tion (and also the sculptures) of the pageants, and the whole 
solemnity of the day. Set forth at the proper cost and charge of 
the honourable company of Goldsmiths. Folio. London, 1698. 

1576. The Triumphs of London for the inauguration of the right honour- 
able Sir Richard Levett, knt. Lord Mayor of the city of London ; 
containing a description of the pageants, together with the publick 



212 ;. Cawn Celebration* 

speeches and the whole solemnity of the day : performed on 
Monday the 30th day of October, anno 1699. All set forth at 
the proper cost and charges of the honourable company of Haber- 
dashers. [By E. Settle.] Folio. London, 1699. 

1577. The Triumphs of London for the inauguration of the right 
honourable Sir William Gore, knt, Lord Mayor of the city of 
London ; containing a description of the pageants, together with 
the public speeches and the whole solemnity of the day : per- 
formed on Wednesday the 29th of October, 1701. All set forth 
at the proper cost and charges of the right honourable company 
of Mercers. [By Elkariah Settle.] 4to. London, 170 1. 

1578. The Triumphs of London at the inauguration of the right hon. 
Sir Samuel Dashwood, knt., performed on Thursday the 29th of 
October, 1702. All set forth at the cost and charge of the 
honourable company of Vintners ; together with the relation of 
Her Majesty's reception and entertainment at dinner in Guildhall. 
Published by authority. [By Elkanah Settle.] 4to. London, 
1702. 

1579. The Triumphs of London for the inauguration of the right hon. 
Sir Charles Duncombe, knt., Lord Mayor, containing the descrip- 
tion (and also the sculptures) of the pageants, and the whole 
solemnity of the day : performed on Friday the 29th of October, 
anno 1708. All set forth at the proper cost and charge of the 
honourable company of Goldsmiths. Published by authority. 
[By Elkanah Settle.] 4to. London, 1708. 



Miscellaneous. 

1580. Arnold e's Chronicle. [The customs of London.] First edition. 
Folio. [Antwerp, circa 1504.] 

1 581. Orders appointed to be executed in the cittie of London, for 
setting roges and idle persons to worke, and for releefe of the 
poore. 4to. London, 1580. 

1582. A breefe Discourse, declaring and approving the necessarie and 
inuiolable maintenance of the laudable Customs of London. 
i2mo. (At London, printed by Henrie Middletonfor Rafe New- 
berie.) 1584. 



Cla0!0( 2D.— IRace or Beautiful &pecimenj2(» 21 3 

1583. The order of my Lord Maior, the Aldermen, and the Sheriffes, 
for their meetings, and wearing of their apparel, throughout 
the yere. i2mo. Printed by John Windet. London, 1604. 

1584. The Carrier's Cosmographie; or a briefe relation of the Innes, 
Ordinaries, Hosteries, and other lodgings in and neere London, 
where the carriers, waggons, foote-posts, and higglers doe usually 
come. 4to. London, 1637. 

1585. A Reply as true as steel, to a rusty, rayling, ridiculous, lying 
Libell, which was lately written by an impudent, unsodefd Iron- 
monger, and called by the name of an Answer to a foolish 
pamphlet, entituled A Swarme of Sectaries and Schismatiques. 
4to. London, 1641. 

1586. An Apology for Bishops, or a Plea for Learning. 4to. London, 
1641. 

1587. A MiROVR for Magestrates of Cyties; to which is added, a Touch- 
stone for the Times; containing many perilous mischiefes that 
bred in the bowels of the citie of London, for the infection 
of some of thease sanctuaries of iniquitie. By George Whetstone, 
gent (Black letter.) 4to. London, 1584. 

1588. The Belman of London, bringing to light the most notorious 
villanies that are now practised in the kingdom. [By Thomas 
Decker.] Third edition. 4to. London, 1608. 

1589. Lanthorne and Candle-light; or the Bell-man's second night's 
walk, in which he brings to light a broode of more strange vil- 
lanies then euer were till this yeare discouered. By Thomas 
Dekker. 4to. London, 1608. 

1590. John Stow's Survay of London. First edition. 1598. 



Books on the Plague. 

1591. Certaine Sermons, concerning God's late visitation in the citie of 
London and other parts of the land. Preached at St. Alphages 
Church near Cripplegate, by William Cupper. 1 2mo. London, 
1592- 

1592. The Arke of Noah, for the Londoners that remaine in the citie to 
enter in, with their families, to be preserued from the deluge 



214 Cajcton Celebration 

of the Plague. Item, an exercise for the Londoners that are de- 
parted out of the citie into the countrey, to spend their time till 
they returne. Whereunto is annexed an epistle sent out of 
the countrey to the afflicted citie of London. Made and written 
by lames Godskall the yonger, preacher of the word. London, 
1603. 

1593. A SHORT dialogve concerning the Plagues Infection, published 
to preserue bloud, through the blessing of God. i2mo. 
London, 1603. 

1594. The wonderfuU yeare 1603, wherein is shewed the picture 
of London lying sicke of the Plague, &c [By Thomas Decker.] 
4to. London, n. d. 

1595. The seuen deadly sinnes of London, drawn in seuen seuerall 
coaches through the seuen seuerall gates of the citie, bringing the 
Plague with them. Opus septem dierum. By Tho. Dekker. 4to. 
London, 1606. 

1596. London's Remembrancer; or a true account of every particular 
weeks Christnings and Mortality in the years of Pestilence. 4to. 
London, 1665. 

i596*.Ye Albion; an Hour with ye Giants of Guildhall. Privately 
printed : Leeds. 32mo. 1876. Lent by S. L. Nussey\ Esq, 





Cla00 SD^—IRare or IBtmtiM fepecfmenisJ* 215 



Section II. 

SPECIMENS NOTICEABLE FOR BEAUTY AND 
EXCELLENCE OF TYPOGRAPHY. 

Arranged chronologically, 

1597- 
[ONAVENTURA. Epistolae et tractatus. s. L et a. Folio. 

Lent by 
Remarkable for beauty of typography and paper. 

1598. Glanvilla, Bartholomaeus de. De proprietatibus renim. s. 1. 
1488. Folio. Lent by the Earl of Leicester. 

1599. Buchanan, George. Poemata, Lugd. Bat Elzevir, 1620. 8vo. 

Lent by Miss Coe. 

1600. Strada Famianus. De bello Belgico. Antwerp, typis /no, 
Cnolbarij 1625. 4to. Lent by Miss Coe. 

1 60 1. France. Respublica sive status regni Galliae diversonim auctorum. 
Lugd. Bat Elzevir, 1626. 8vo. Lent by Miss Coe. 

1602. Tacitus. Opera. Amstel. typis Elzevir, 1649. 8vo. 

Lent by Miss Coe. 

1603. Florus, L. Annaeus. Epitome historiae Romanae. Lugd. Bat 
Elzevir, 1638. 8vo. Lent by Miss Coe, 

1604. The Gigantick History of the two Famous Giants and other 
Curiosities in Guildhall. London, 2nd edition, 1740. 64mo. 



Nineteenth Century. 

1605. WiLLOUGHBY, Lady. Diary of Lady Willoughby, as relates to her 
domestic history in the reign of Charles I. London, 1844. 
4to. Lent by /. C. Wilkins, Esq, 

This was the first book printed In the revived old-face type of the seventeenth 
century. 

1 606. Beauties of Opera. London, 1844. 8vo. 

Lent by H. G. Hockly, Esq, 
Unique, the only copy on India paper. 



2i6 Cajcton Celebration rr-r?^ 

1607. Gray, Thomas. Elegy in a Country Churchyard. London, 1854. 
8vo. Lent by H. G. Hackly, Esq. 

Unique, the only copy worked on India paper. 

1608. Black book of Taymouth. Edited for the Bannatyne Club. 
Edinb., 1855. 4to. Lent by Messrs. Constable. 

1609. Edinburgh. Catalogue of Archaeological Museum. Illustrated. 
Edinb., 1856. 8vo. Lent by Messrs. Constable. 

1 6 10. Little London Directory (The). The oldest printed List of 
Merchants and Bankers. London, 1863. 8vo. 

Lent by/. C. Wi/ktns, Esq. 

16 11. Hamer, John. The Smoker's Text Book Leeds: J. Hamer, 
1863. 32mo. Lent by G. Unwin, Esq. 

16 1 2. Laing, H. Descriptive catalogue of ancient Scottish Seals. 
Edinb., 1866. 4to. Lent by Messrs. Constable. 

1 61 3. Shaw, Henry, F. S. A. Handbook of Art of Illumination. 
London, 1866. 4to. Lent by J. C. Wilkins, Esq. 

Large paper copy, especially noticeable for the fineness of the wood en- 
gravings. 

1614. Gray, Thomas. Poems. Privately printed. London, 1867. 4to. 

Lent by J. C. Wilkins, Esq. 

1615. Lee, F. G. The Altar Service-book. London, 1867. Folio. 

Lent by J. C. Wilkins, Esq. 

16 16. Bruce, J. C. The Roman Wall. 2nd edit. London, 1867. 
4to. Lent by A. Reid^ Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

161 7. Fraser, W. The Lennox Cartulary; history of the Lennox 
family. Edinb., 1874. 4to. I^nt by Messrs. Constable. 

1 6 18. Kunsthandwerk. Sammlung Kunstgewerbliche gegenstande 
aller zeiten. Stuttgart, 1874. Folio. 

Lent by G. Fischbach, Strasburg. 

1619. Strasburg. Album: siege et bombardment, 35 planches photo- 
graphies ; texte. par Gustave Fischbach. Strasbourg, 1874. 4to. 

Lent by G. Fischbach, Strasburg. 

1620. Lapidarium Septentrionale, or Roman rule in north of England. 
London, 1875. Folio. ' Lent by A. Reid, Nemcastle-on-Tyne. 



Cla00 2D*— Eart or Beautiful fepecimen^* 217 

1621. Goethe, J. von. Faust Munich, 1876. Folio. 

Lent by Herr Kroner^ Stuttgart. 
Steel and copper-plate engravings. 

1622. Goethe, J. von. Faust Translated by Theodore Martin. Illus- 
trated, London, 1877. Folio. Lent by J. C. Wilkins^ Esq. 

1623. Rheinfahrt. Schilderungen von derquellen des Rhein bis zum 
Meere. Stuttgart, 1876. 4to. Lent by A. Kroner, Stuttgart. 

An illustrated itinerary of the Rhine. 

1624. Divine Worship, London, 1877. 4to. 

Lent by J. C. Wilktns, Esq, 

1625. PuNCHARD. King Saul and Other Poems. London, 1877. 

Lent by J. C. Wilkins, Esq. 

1626. Musee Entomologique Illustrd Paris, 1877. 4to. 

Lent by J. Rothschild^ Paris. 
Letter-press printing with woodcuts. 

1627. Blanchere, H. de la. Les oiseaux gibier. 

Lent by J. Rothschild, Paris. 
Specimen of chromo-typographic art. 

1628. Pennell, H. C. Pegasus Re-saddled. Illustrated. London, 
1877. 4to. Lent by J. C. Wilkins, Esq. 

1629. Scribner's Monthly. An Illustrated Magazine for the People. 
{^Various years.) New York. 4to. 

Lent by the Publishers, Messrs. Scribner, New York. 

1630. Malot, Hector. Romain Kalbris. Paris, 1877. 4^0* 

Lent by J. Rothschild, Paris. 
Specimen of illustrated letter-press. 

1 63 1. Printing, specimens of modem, from press of Messrs. Cassell, 
Petter and Galpin. On landing. 

1632. Specimens of modern printing, in many Oriental languages, viz., 
Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Gumiukhi, Hebrew, Hindi, Hindustani, 
Pali, Persian, Pushto, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Turkish, from press of 
Stephen Austin, Hertford. Staircase. 

1633. Specimens of modem printing from the firm of Messrs. Bradbury, 
Agnew, and Co. 

1634. Specimens of modem printing from the Gresham Press. 

Lent by Unwin Brothers. 



21 8 Cajcton Celebration* 

1635. Specimens of modem printing from press of Messrs. Rivingtons. 

1636. Specimens of modern printing from press of Messrs. Bellows, 
Gloucester. 

1637. Illustrated children's books, &c. &c. 

Lent by Gustav Fischbach^ Straslmrg. 

1638. Hilton, Walter. The Scale of Perfection, reprint of the edition 
of 1659. Lent by John Philp^ Esq. 

i638*.Shakespeare's Works, by J. P. Collier. Privately Printed 
Edition. Lent by J. S. Hodson^ Esq. 



Section III. 

FACSIMILE REPRODUCTIONS. 

[here are many ways of producing facsimiles of old books. 
That now most common is the Photo-lithographic process, 
by which the camera is used for each page, and the image 
taken on a prepared gelatinous sheet; this is transferred to 
stone and printed. The fault of this process is that nothing is omitted, 
and the modem scribbling must be reproduced as well as the text ; also 
ironmoulds and worm-holes are greatly exaggerated, and a crease in the 
paper appears as a black line. Another way is with facsimile type cut 
on purpose, the most unsatisfactory of all. The best is by careful and 
slow tracing through transparent paper, and then transferring to stone. 
When done conscientiously this is the only plan, although its cost as 
compared with the other processes is a great hindrance to its use. 

1639. The Game and Play of the Chesse. Second edition. Folio. 
c. 1 48 1. Lent by the Printers^ Corporation. 

Printed in 1855 with types cut by the late V. Figgins, Esq., for the repro- 
duction of this b<>ok, the profits of which were intended for the Printers' Cor- 
poration. Presentation copy to the Corporation from V. Figgins, Esq. 

1640. The Go vernal of Helthe. 4to. c. 1490. 

Lent by W. H. Ry lands, Esq. 
Printed in 1858 with the types cut by the late V. Figgins, Esq., for his reprint 
of the Chess-book. 

1 64 1. The Moral Proverbs of Chrystine of Pise. Folio. 1478. 

Lent by W. H. Rylands, Esq. 
Printed in 1869 with the types of J. Figgins, Esq, 




ClajJiS 2D.— Kare or Beautiful fepecimenjaf. 219 

1642. The Ars Moriendi. 4to. c. 1491. 

Lent by W. H. Rylands, Esq. 
Printed in 1869 with the types cut by the late V. Figgins, Esq., for his 
Chess-book. 

1643. Statutes of Henry VII. Folio, c. 1490. With Introduction 

by John Rae, Esq. Lent by W. H. Rylands, Esq, 

Traced by hand on transparent lithographic transfer-paper, and printed from 
stone, 1869. 

1644. The Fifteen Oes and other Prayers. 4to. c. 1491. Photo- 
lithograph by S. Ayling. Lent by Messrs. Griffith 6- Farran. 

From the unique copy in the British Museum. 

1645. The Curial. Folio. 1484. Traced and printed by G. I. F. 
Tupper, Esq., 1877. 

1646. The Dictes and Sayinges of the Philosophers. Folio. 1477. 

Lent by Eliot Stocky Esq, 
Photo-lithographed in 1877 as a memorial of the first book printed in England 
^^nth a date. 

1647. Caxton's Ovid; Six Books of Ovid's Metamorphoses, translated 
by W. C. 1480. 4to. (Roxburgh Club, 18 19.) Printed from 
a MS. in the Pepysian Library, Cambridge. (See No. 5, page 7.) 

Lent by Sir CJiarles Reed, 

1649. Herbert, George. The Temple. London, 1633. 8vo. Foe- 
simile reprint. London, 1876. 8vo. Lent by G. Unwin, Esq. 

1650. BuNYAN, John. The Pilgrim's Progress. London, 1678. 8vo. 
London, 1874. 8vo. Lent by Messrs. Umvin Brothers. 

Facsimile Reprint. 




.-A 1 ^i-i^4.--Hi» 




Class E. 

SPECIMENS OF PRINTING. 

Section I. 




PRINTING BY STEAM AND COMMERCIAL PRINTING. 

1673. 

FECI MENS of Letter-press Printing worked on Messrs. Degener 
and Weiler's "Liberty" Treadle Printing Machine, by Mr. Wm. 
John Kelly of New York. Lent by Messrs. Degener and Weiler. 

1674. American Paper Money. Framed in three panels, viz., the United 
States Fractional Currency, from first issue until stopped ; Ameri- 
can Confederate War Money, from 50 cents to 100 dollars; and 
specimens of Local Confederate War Money. 

Lent by Andrew W. Tuer^ Esq. 

1675. Charter of the International Typographical Union, in seven 
colours, worked without points on a Cylinder Machine by Messrs. 
Russell, Morgan, and Co., of Cincinnati, U. S. A. 

Lent by the Proprietors of the Paper and Printing Trades Journal. 

1676. "Ye Ordinaunce of Revel." A 4to. programme, printed in old- 
style, in red and black, on a specially manufactured paper in imi- 
tation of the antique : spelling Chaucerian. 

Lent by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 

1677. Poem "On the Image of a Kneeling Angel," printed in modern 
Caxton type by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 

Lent by the ReiK Frederick Kill Harford. 



Cla00 (E»--fe>pet(mettj3f of ^^rfnting:. %tt 

1678. Framed Specimen of Modem Printing in old-style direct on 
leather, forming the cover of J. J. Tissot's Etchings, published at 
50 guineas per copy. Lent by Messrs. Field and Tuer, 

1679. Summons of the Preceptory of the Holy Sanctuary. Printed from 
Messrs. V. and J. Figgins' Caxton type, with two accompanying 
envelopes, one with address in writing and the other with the seal 
of the Holy Sanctuary, framed in the form of a cross. 

Lent by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 
Exhibited by special permission of the late Great Prior, the Earl of Shrews- 
bury and Talbot. 

1680. Illustrations (various) of Commercial Printing in Antique type. 

Lent by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 

1 68 1. Illustrations of Printing in Antique type, the form of letters 
modelled in accordance with the requirements of popular taste. 

L^nt by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 
Exhibited in the International Exhibition. 

1682. Reproductions of Early Initial Letters for book illustrations. 

Lent by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 

1683. Bank of England Notes. 

Lent by the Directors of the Bank of England. 

The Bank of England was established in 1694, and the first Bank Notes 
were issued in 1699. These notes were only partially printed, the amounts 
being filled in by the pen ; £1 and £2 were issued up to 1825. The notes 
were printed from copper-plates until 1834, then by Perkin's Transfer Process 
and steel-plates until 1852, when the present system of printing from surface 
or relief by electrotype was adopted. The machines used for that purpose are 
double-platen, with four inking-tables and double rolling apparatus. An 
average of 50,cxx) notes is printed daily. 

1684. Printing of Dividend Book and Warrants of the Bank of 
England. L^nt by John Coe^ Esq., by permission of the Directors of 

the Bank of England. 
The Names and Amounts of the Holders of Government Stocks are con- 
tained in about 64 vols, of royal folio, of 80 sheets each, and require 250,000 
warrants for their dividends (these are printed and numbered at one operation). 
The names and amounts were written with the pen until the year 1866, when 
the present system of printing from stereotype and dwarf type was adopted. 
This is done by ingenious contrivances for composing, making-up, imposing, 
and printing. The time occupied in printing the 64 vols, is eight days with 
eight presses, and the time employed in printing the warrants is twelve days 
with eight presses. 



222 Canon Celebration* 

1685. Specimen Pages of Old Style Book Work. 

Lent by Messrs. Unwin Bros. 

1686. Bank of England Notes printed in colours. Early examples of 
Printing Colours in register from curved Stereotype Plates on 
Machinery, invented by Edward Cowper and Augustus Apple- 
gath, i8i8and 1820. 

Lent by E. A. Cowper^ C.E., and L. W. Applegath^ Esqs. 

These examples of printing bank notes in colours were executed in the Bank 
of England by Edward Cowper and Augustus Applegath in 1819-20, on 
special machinery invented by them, with the object of preventing forgery. 
The colours were printed in register on a machine, in a way that no ordinary 
forger could possibly accomplish. 

The Bank of England decided on the adoption of these One Pound Notes in 
colours in place of the old black One Pound Notes then in circulation, when 
twelve machines were set for the work, and four millions of notes were printed 
in the bank ; but before the actual issue of the notes, it was found possible to 
issue gold so as to enable the old One Pound Notes to be called in altogether, 
and this was accordingly done, and the new notes as well as the old were 
destroyed. 

The coloured notes were printed from curved stereotype plates, placed on 
separate cylinders, each with its own inking apparatus, having end motion to 
the inking and distributing rollers according to Edward Cowper's patent of 
1818 (which principle of distribution is now universally adopted in printing 
machines). The paper was held on to its cylinder by tapes, and was further 

{)revented from slipping on the leather on which it lay, in consequence of the 
eather receiving ink from every third or fourth impression, owing to a sheet 
of paper being then purposely omitted. In this way the register that could be 
obtained in printing from curved stereot)rpe plates was of the most perfect pos- 
sible description, and allowed of intricate patterns and "Rose engine work" 
being employed, that it would be almost impossible to print in any other way. 

1687. Volume of the "Times" for 1814. Showing the first use of 
steam in connection with the Printing Press on 29th November. 

Lent by John Walter, M.P, 

1688. Cardinal Wolsey on Printing. Printed in old style, red and 
black. L^nt by Benjamin Haram, Esq. 

An extract from Lord Edward Herbert's " History of England under Henry 
the Eighth," in which curious and antagonistic reasons connected with the art 
of printing are given, in a request of Cardinal Wolsey to Pope Clement VH. 
that he may be allowed to throw down a few superfluous monasteries in Eng- 
land, and to employ the revenues to the building of a college at Oxford, and 
another at Ipswich. 

1689. Complete Works printed in Oriental and other languages, in- 
cluding Specimens of the Holy Scriptures, Prayer Books, &c. 

Lent by Messrs. Gilbert and Rivington. 



Cla00 C-^pecimen0 o£ ^vintin^. aa^ 

1690. Selected Specimens of Polyglot Printing. 

Zent by Messrs. Gilbert and Rivington. 

1691. Copy of Rivington's "New York Gazetteer," 1775, in two frames. 

Lent by Messrs. Gilbert and Rivington. 

1692. Specimen of Hunt's Syllabic system for teaching the 500,000,000 
illiterate heathen. Lent by Messrs. Gilbert and Rivington. 

1693. Specimens of Printing for the Blind. 

Lent by Messrs. Gilbert and Rivington. 

1694. Broadside. Speech of the Prince of Orange to some of the 
principal gentlemen of Somersetshire and Dorsetshire on their 
coming to joyn His Highness at Exeter 15 November, 1688. 
Exeter: printed by J. B., 1688. Lent by George Tawse, Esq, 

1695. Broadside. Proclamation by the Peers of the Realm requiring 
all Persons to keep the Peace during the interregnum between the 
flight of James the Second and the arrival of William, Prince of 
Orange. In the Savoy, 1688. Lent by George Tawse^ Esq. 

1696. Broadside. Proclamation declaring William and Mary, Prince 
and Princess of Orange, to be King and Queen of England. " God 
save King William and Queen Mary." London, printed for James 
Partridge, Matthew Gillyflower and Samuel Heyrick, 1689. 

L^nt by George Tawse^ Esq. 

1 697. Broadside. An Instrument of Government for settling the Crown 
of the Kingdom of Scotland upon William 3rd and Mary 2nd, 
King and Queen of England, &c., being the Declamation of the 
Estates of that Kingdom to be presented to the King and Queen 
of England and Edinburgh, 11 April, 1689. 

Lent by George Tawse^ Esq. 

1698. Specimens of Modern Commercial Engraving. 

L^nt by Messrs. Charles and Edwin Lay ton. 

1699. Specimens of Commercial Printing in Old Style. 

Lent by Messrs. Unwin Brothers. 

1 700. Old Style Ornamental Headings, Tail Pieces, &c. 

lunt by Messrs. Unwin Brothers. 

1 70 1. Specimen Pages of Facsimile, and other Old Style Book Work. 

Lent by Messrs. Unwin Brothers. 



224 : ' 1 t€,axton Celebration. 

1702. Specimens of American Letter-press Printing, arranged in a 
volume. The names are given in the order in which the exhibits 
arrived. The following houses are represented : — 

J. S. Thompson and Co., Chicago. 

Russell, Morgan, and Co., Cincinnati. 

G. S. Newcomb and Co., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Graves and Russell, Elmira, New York. 

D. A. St. Clair, Wytheville, Virginia. 

" Savannah Morning News," Steam Printing House, Savannah, 

Ga. 
Reuben W. Clark, Medina, O. 
Major and Knapp, New York. 
Julius Pick, New York. 
National Bank Note Company, New York. 
W. H. Brett and Co., Boston. 
W. Mann, Philadelphia. 
Goddard and Nye, Worcester. 
Woodbury and Walker, Denver, Colorado. 
McCalla and Stavely, Philadelphia. 
The " Daily Freeman " Steam and Job Printing House (A. V. 

Haight, Superintendent), Rondout, City of Kingston, New 

York. 
W. J. Kelly, New York. 
S. Reed Johnston and Co., Pittsburgh. 
George O. Scott, Denver. 

" Gazette and Bulletin " Printing House, Williamsport, Pa. 
Mills and Co., Des Moines, Iowa. 
C. H. Houghton, Middlesboro', Mass. 
Albert de FoUett and Son, Brooklyn, New York. 
J. B. Lippincott and Co., Philadelphia. 
Charles W. Spurr, Boston : Specimens of Patent Prepared 

Woods, in form of printed business cards. 
The Union Steam Printing Company, Brooklyn, New York. 
Siddall Brothers, Philadelphia. 
A. S. Abell and Co., Baltimore. 
Z<f«/ dy the Proprietors of the Paper and Printing Trades^ Journal. 

Lent by Messrs. Bradbury^ Wilkinson^ and Co. 

1703. Surface-printing in colours — anti-photographic. For bank 
notes. 

The blocks are not produced by ordinary methods of engraving. 

1704. Bank Notes. A case of specimens of foreign notes — anti-photo- 
graphic. 




Cla00 C-^petimenj2f of prfntfng* 225 

Section II. 

NEWSPAPER PRINTING: EARLY COPIES 

OF ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS. 

The whole of the Newspapers exhibited under this Section are from the collection 
of William Rayner, Esq., 133, Blenheim Crescent, Notting Hill, London, W., with 
the exceptions mentioned at end of list. 

I HE origin of newspapers is a subject on which there has been 
a large amount of controversy. All writers who have given atten- 
tion to the matter are agreed that Nathaniel Butter's "Weekeley 
Newes," which first appeared in 1622, fulfils all the conditions 
of a newspaper, and that publication has generally been accepted as the 
first English newspaper. There were, however, numerous printed news- 
sheets issued from the press prior to the above date, which some writers 
have regarded as newspapers. During the reigns of Elizabeth and 
James I. a class of men came into existence who were known as news- 
letter writers. Written sheets of news were sent to any persons willing 
to pay for them. As the demand increased, the news-letter writers were 
compelled to call in the aid of the printing press, and printed news- 
letters appeared from time to time. Finally, Nathaniel Butter, taking 
advantage of the excitement in the country occasioned by the Thirty 
Years' War, conceived the idea of bringing out a printed news-sheet 
systematically. 

It was for a long time believed that there was an " English Mercurie " 
published in 1588, and that this was the first English newspaper; but in 
a pamphlet by Mr. Thomas Watts, of the British Museum, published in 
1839, this was clearly proved to be a forgery. 

Early Newspapers. 

1706. The Continuation of our Weekely Avisoes. No. 32. July 6, 
1632. 

This was probably theory/ newspaper printed in Great Britain. It originally 
appeared in 1622, and was brought out by Nathaniel Butter. 

** If any gentleman or other accustomed to buy the weekly relations of newes 
be desirous to continue the same, let them know that the writer, or transcriber 
rather, of this newes, hath published two former newes, the one dated the 2nd 
and the other the 13th of August, all of which do carry a like title with the 
arms of the King of Bohemia on the other side the title page, and have de- 
pendance one upon another ; which manner of writing and printing he doth 
purpose to continue weekly by God's assistance, from the best and most certain 
mtelligence : farewell, this twenty third of August, 1622." 

1707. The Diumall or The Heads of all the Proceedings in Parliament, 
" From the 6th of December to the 13th thereof, 1641." 

It contains particulars of the Irish rebellion, *' wherein they voted O'Nealc 
guilty of high treason." 

Q 



226 Carton Celebration* 

1708. A Continuation of the True Diumall of Passages in Parliament. 
January 24, 164 1-2. 

•• Printed for George Hutton at Turn-Style." 

1709. Speciall Passages. No. 14. November 15, 1642. 

Engagement between the royal and parliamentary forces at Brentford. 

1 7 10. A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages. 
No. 26. October 28, 1642. 

March of the King's troops on London. Field-works thrown up at Hyde 
Park Comer. The battle of Edgehill. In No. 51, June 8th, 1643, there is 
an account of the destruction of the altar, organ, and images at "Westminster 
Abbey. Colonel Cromwell assaults Newark. Between five and six thousand 
tailors of the City of London work in the trenches. '* Hellish plot " to betray 
the City. No. 53, June 22nd, 1643, contains an account of the fight at 
Chalgrove Field, when John Hampden was mortally wounded. In No. 15, 
April II, 1644, we learn that, according to the ordinance of Parliament, no 
business whatever or any kind of amusement be participated in on the Lord's 
Day. The dressing of meat in private families is however allowed. 



Illustrated Newspapers. 

The earliest newspaper systematically illustrated was the " Mercurius 
Civicus," the first number of which appeared on the 2nd of June, 1643. 
No. 1 1 contains a portrait of the King and an engraving of a new weapon 
called the " Round-head." The first newspaper, however, containing an 
illustration was the " Weekeley Newes" of the 20th of December, 1638, 
which has an account of a " prodigious eruption of fire, which exhaled 
in the middest of the Ocean Sea, over against the Isle of Saint Michael, 
one of the Terceras, and the new Island which it hath made." The 
illustration shows " the island, its length and breadth, and the places 
where the fire burst out." 

171 1. Mercurius Civicus. No. 45. April 4, 1644. No. 64. August 
15, 1644. 

These papers contain portraits of King Charles I. , Queen Henrietta Maria, 
and Prince Maurice, and also a woodcut of the Papal tiara, with the number 
of the beast. 



17 1 2. A Perfect Diumall of the Passages in Parliament. No. 51. June 
5» 1643. 

1 7 13. Remarkable Passages of the Occurrences of Parliament, and 
Proceedings of the Armie. No. 5. December 15, 1643. 

These pajjers have illustrated titles, representing the House of Commons in 
session. 



Cla0}2? C— &pecimen0 of printfno:. 227 

17 14. Certaine Informations. No. 32. August 28, 1643. 

The Cavaliers "have deflowered virgins and ravished matrons." The virgins 
of Norwich subscribe money and equip a troop of horse calle<l the " Maiden 
Troop." The Cavaliers' "drabs " at Bristol insult the mayor and sheriffs. 

17 15. The Complete Intelligencer and Resolver, in two parts, the first 
giving Intelligence of the State of the Three Kingdomes, the 
other, Resolving Doubts in the Present Differences. No. 3. 
November 14, 1643. 

The trial of Archbishop Laud. 

1 7 16. Britaine's Rembrancer. No. i. March 19, 1644. 

The trial of Archbishop Laud. 

17 17. The Spie, Communicating Intelligence from Oxford. No. 8. 
March 19, 1644. 

Cromwell is shortly to "tutor this blood leech" (Prince Rupert). 

17 18. The London Post No. 5. September 10, 1644. 

Surrender of the army of the Earl of Essex to the King's forces. 

17 19. The Parliament Scout, Communicating his Intelligence to the 
Kingdome. No. 65. September 19th, 1644. 

The House of Commons thanks Cromwell for his victory at Marston Moor. 

1720. A Diary, or an exact ^Journal. No. 34. January 9th, 1645. 
Printed for Matthew Walbancke, at Gray's-Inne Gate. 

Archbishop Laud's sentence of death by hanging changed to that of be- 
heading. 

1 7 21. Mercurius Britanicus. No. 82. May 12th, 1645. 

This was the most successful of the Parliamentary prints. Each number 
contains plenty of abuse of Aulicus^ the King's newspaper. Mercurius 
Britanicus was written by Marchmont Needham, who was originally an 
attorney's clerk. The Parliament not having rewarded him according to his 
own estimation of his merits, he, in 1648-9, brought owi Mercurius Pragmaticus 
in the King's interest. For this he was thrown into the Tower, and only 
regained his liberty by promising to write the Mercurius Politicus in the 
interest of the Independents. He subsequently wrote the official Weekly 
Intelligence^ but was dismissed from the post in 1659. He then went abroad, 
but obtained a pardon at the Restoration. 

In No. 6 (Oct. 3, 1643) Needham suggests a "sub-committee" to assist 
Aulicus in lying. In No. 55 (Oct. 28, 1644) there are allusions to Aulicus's 
"impudent false insinuations." In this number we read that Parliament gives 
thanks to Almighty God for the capture of Newcastle by * * our brethren the 
Scots. In No. 82 (May 12, 1645) we notice *' Aulicus a libeller." In No. 
87 (June 23, 1645) there is an account of the Battle of Naseby. ** Wretched 
Amicus.'^ " Another most impudent foi^ery" by Aulicus. 

No price is mentioned on the early newspapers. They were probably sold 
at \^d. per copy, as Needham, in the Britanicus (No. 82, May 12, 1645), 
alluding to some alleged Royalist successes, sarcastically observes, "Will ye 
buy any three-halfpenny victories ? " 



128 Cajcton CcUbcatioiu 

1722. The Kingdome's Weekly Post October 15, 1645. 

Capture of Basing House by "our great Commander Cromwell." Hugh 
Peter says, with reference to the taking of this stronghold : "The Commander 
of the Brigade (Cromwell) had spent much time with God in prayer the night 
before the storm, and seldom fights without some Scripture to support him. 
This time he rested on that blessed Word of God : * They that make them 
are like unto them. So is every one that trusteth in them.'" — PsaUn ex v., 8. 

1723. Mercurius Diutinus. No. 8. January 20, 1646. 

1724. The Scotish Dove, sent out and returning. No. 155. October 
15, 1646. 

This paper has an illustration of a dove on the title-page. 
King Charles with the Scots at Newcastle. 

1725. Perfect Occurrences of both Houses of Parliament and Martiall 
Affairs. November 6, 1646. 

In No. 13 of this paper (April 2, 1647) there is an advertisement referring 
to the sale of a book entitled The Divitu Right of Church Government, 
"applauded by the clergy of England." We also read that a minister fixes 
the Day of Judgment for April 3rd, 1647. In Perfect Occurrences (No. 17, 
April 19, 1644) it is stated that a Royalist drummer deserting to the Parlia- 
mentary troops is glad " the Lord hath brought him from amongst that sinful 
and debauched Company of the Cavaliers." 

1726. The Military Actions of Europe. No. 2. November 2, 1646. 

The House in Committee of Ways and Means to raise ;^20o,ooo for the Scots, 
in order to get the King into the possession of Parliament. 

1727. The Perfect Weekly Account. No. 35. August 31, 1647. 

The royal children may sometimes visit their father at Hampton Court, pro- 
vided that they return to Sion the same night. In No. 3 (Jan. 20, 1646-7) we 
read that the Scots are counting the money at York before giving up the King 
to the Parliament's Commissioners. In No. 19 (May 12, 1647) it is stated that 
the "mazels and small Pox" are very rife in Edinburgh. 

Royalist Newspapers. 

1728. Mercurius Aulicus. April 9, 1643. 

This paper was commenced on the 1st of January, 1642, at Oxford, the King 
and his court being resident there. The "Court Mercury" was written by 
Sir John Birkenhead. After the surrender of King Charles by the Scots to the 
Parliament, numerous Royalist newspapers sprang into existence. They were 
in all cases secretly printed. 

1729. The Parliament Kite or the Tell-tale Bird. No. 7. June 29, 
1648. 

" Printed in the yeer of the Saints Fear." 



Cla0j2( C— &pecinun0 of ^acmtfnff. 229 

1730. Mercurius Elencticus. No. 59. January 9, 1648. 

The Martial General ordered to put in force the ordinance against those 
"firebrands of sedition," Elencticus and Pragmaticus. 

In No. 39 (Aug. 23, 1648) the King is called "that peerlesse Jewell of 
Christendome." In No. 51 (Nov. 15, 1648) Elencticm speaks of the 
"poisonous and malicious quills of Militaris and the Moderate^'' (rival news- 
letters). In No. 54 (Dec. 6, 1648) we read of a proposal that " honourable and 
victorious Fairfax or Cromwell" be elected king, " in whom dwelleth the spirit 
of Truth, Meekness, and Holiness." In No. 55 (Dec. 12, 1648) it is stated 
that St. Paul's Cathedral is filled with hay, horses, &c. In No. 57 (Dec. 26, 
1648) we read that the House resolves that liberty of conscience be granted to 
all, even though they be Papists and Episcopalians. In No. 59 (Jan. 9, 
1648-9) there is a record of an "awful judgement" which happened to one of 
the "saints" whilst teaching his horse to walk up the steps into St. Paul's 
Cathedral. The horse fell over, and the trooper was killed. 

1 731. Mercurius Melancholicus. No. 29. March 20, 1648. 

King Charles described as "the Glory of all Christendom." The Parlia- 
ment fails to discover Melancholicus and "his brother Fragg" {A/ercurius 
Pragnrnticus). In No. 38 (May 15, 1648) we read "Great Charles lan- 
guisheth," and the King is called "that sacred person." 

1732. Mercurius Pragmaticus (For King Charls II.). Part 2, No. 
12. July 10, 1649. 

In this number the Parliament's new seal is called "the State butter print." 
Mr. Owen, the Puritan divine, is styled "pulpit bufFoone generall to Nose 
Almighty" (Oliver Cromwell). This paper was written by Marchmont Need- 
ham, formerly the writer of Mercurius Britannicus^ a Parliament print. In 
No. 22 (Feb. 15, 1648), it says : — "Never such a dead time for newsmongers." 

1 733. The Man in the Moon, discovering a world of Knavery under the 
Sunne. No. 18. August 23, 1649. 

"Jack Lilbum as factious a firebrand as ever ruined kingdom." 



1734. AuLicus, his Hue and Cry sent forth after Britanicus, who is 
generally reported to be a lost Man. London. Printed in the 
6\smdi\\ ytzxQ oi Britanicus. 1645. 

1735. Mercurius Britanicus, his Welcome to Hell with the Devil's 
Blessing to Britanicus. 1647. 

These are Royalist pamphlets, in which Britanicus (Marchmont Needham) 
is overwhelmed with abuse and derision. 



1 736. The Kingdome's Weekly Intelligencer. Sent abroad to prevent 
misinformation. No. 163. June 20, 1648. 

1737. The Moderate. No. 22. Dec 12, 1648. 

This paper contains an article arguing the right of Parliament to settle the 
form of government. 



230 Cajcton Celebratiom 

1738. The Moderate Intelligencer. No. 202. February i, 1649. 

1739. The Armies Modest Intelligencer. No. 2. February i, 1649. 

These papers contain accounts of the trial and execution of Charles I. 
Under the heading of ** Monday " (January 29th), The Armies Modest Intelli- 
gencer Si 
King." 



1740. A Briefe Relation of Some Affairs and transactions Civill and 
Military, both Forraigne and Domestique. No. 28. March 5, 
1649. 

•* Charles Stuart" at Beauvais. 

1 741. Mercurius Brittanicus. No. 7. June 5, 1649. 

The abolition of kingly government proclaimed by the Lxird Mayor at the 
Royal Exchange. 

1742. The Impartiall Intelligencer. No. 23. August 15, 1649. 

The late King's plate and jewellery to be sold. Prince Charles Stuart at 
St Germain's endeavouring to obtain a pension from the French King. 

1 743. A Modest Narrative of Intelligence for theRepublique of England 
and Ireland. No. 25. September 22, 1649. 

The siege and capture of Drt^heda. 

1744. Severall Proceedings in Parliament No. 102. September 11, 
1651. "Printed at London for Robert Ibbitson, dwelling in 
Smithfield, near Hosier Lane." 

This paper contains two despatches from Cromwell to Mr. Speaker Lenthall 
describing that ** crowning mercy," the Battle of Worcester, fought on the 3rd 
September, 1 65 1. The watchwords of the Parliamentary soldiers were the 
same as at the Battle of Dunbar fought exactly one year before, "The Lord 
of Hosts," Isaiah li., 15. It also contains lists of the prisoners, commencing 
with the Duke of Hamilton, and a proclamation against Charles Stuart, 
offering ;^ 1,000 for his capture. 

1745. A Perfect Account of the daily Intelligence from the Armies in 
England, Scotland, and Ireland, the Navy at Sea, and other trans- 
actions of and in relation to this Commonwealth. No. 115. 
March 23, 1653. 

Execution of the "Righteous Judgments of the Lord" against Sir Phelim 
O'Neill, the Irish rebel. He was hanged, drawn, and quartered. 

1746. Mercurius Democritus, or a True and Perfect Nocturnall, com- 
municating many strange Wonders Out of the World of the 
Moon, the Antipodes, Maggy-Land, Tenebris, Fary-land, Green- 
land, and other adjacent Countries. Published for the right 
understanding of all the Mad-Merry People of Great Bedlam. 
No. 80. November 2, 1653. 

The earliest facetious newspaper. 



€lasi& (E.— S>petimen0 of ^vintin^. 231 

1747. Perfect Proceedings of State Affairs. No. 297. June 7, 1655. 

His Highness (the Lord Protector Cromwell) returns from Hampton Court 
to WhitehaU. 

1748. Occurrences from Foreign Parts with an exact Accompt of the 
Daily Proceedings in Parliament. No. 64. February 14, 1659. 

Mr. Praise-God Barebones presents a petition to the House of Commons. 

1749. A Perfect Diurnal of the Daily Proceedings of Parliament. 
No. 9. March 2, 1659. 

The confession of Faith presented by the Westminster Assembly of Divines 
adopted as the national religion. This print has by some been considered as 
the first daily paper. It undoubtedly apf>eared daily, but was dependent for 
publication on the sitting of Parliament, and contained nothing beyond the 
transactions of the House. 

1750. The Weekly Intelligencer of the Commonwealth. No. i. May 10, 
1659. 

Doctor Owen "entertained" the House with a "comfortable sermon." The 
House of Commons resolves to carry on the government without a King or 
House of Peers. 

1751. The Public Intelligencer. No. 176. May 16, 1659. 

Marchmont Needham forbidden to write the Weekly Intelligencer, Mr. John 
Cann appointed to the post. 

1752. Mercurius Politicus. No. 579. July 21, 1659. 

The House of Commons votes ;^29,640 in payment of the debts of Richard 
Cromwell, son of the late Lord Protector. 



1753. Mercurius Publicus. No. 47. November 22, 1660. 

Disbandment of the army. 

On the 31st August, 1663, Roger 1' Estrange was appointed "Surveyor of 
the Printing Presses" and "Licenser of the Press.*' Twenty years pre- 
viously Roger r Estrange was under sentence of death in the Tower, and his 
life was saved only by Prince Rupert threatening to retaliate on some soldiers 
of the Parliament whom he had taken prisoners. The liberty of the press 
was virtually destroyed by Roger's appointment, and no new paper could 
appear without a licence. In January, 1664, I'Estrange started a paper, 
which was published twice a week. The Monday edition was called The 
Intelligencer, and the Thursday edition was named The Netocs. This paper was 
published "with privil^e;" but towards the close of 1665, Roger was out 
of favour ; he lost his appointment, and The London Gazette took the place of 
his paper. 

1754. The Intelligencer. Published for the satisfaction of the people. 
No. 63. August 8, 1664. 



23a Cajctoa Celebration* 

1755. The Newes. Published for the satisfaction of the people. No. 64. 
August II, 1664. 

1756. The London Gazette. No. 239. March 2, 1667. 2 pp. 

This official paper first appeared as the Oxford Gazette in November, 1665, 
the Court then being at Oxford in consequence of the Great Plague. It was 
transferred to London in 1666, and lias appeared twice weekly from that time 
to the present. 

1757. The True Protestant Mercury. No. 108. January 18, 1681-2. 
2 pp. 

1758. The Protestant Domestic Intelligence, or News from both City 
and Country. No. 80. April 9, 1680. 2 pp. 

This was the period of the Popish Plots, and the newspapers in existence 
showed their fidelity to the reformed religion by introducing the word 
** Protestant" in their titles. 

1759. The London Gazette. No. 1845. July 26, 1683. 4 pp. 

This paper contains the address of the University of Oxford in Convocation 
against " Certain pernicious books and damnable doctrines destructive to the 
Sacred Persons of Princes." In alluding to the recently discovered Rye House 
Plot, the address styles the Merry Monarch "the breath of our nostrils" and 
** the Anointed of the Lord." 

1760. Advice from Parnassus. No. 3. February 9, 1680. 

1 761. The Observator. No. 102. October 28, 1685. 

This paper was written by Roger 1' Estrange for the purpose of palliating 
King James's Roman Catholicism. The evils of the times are invariably 
attributed to the Nonconformists. Roger received knighthood on the 30th of 
April, 1685, and was elected Member of Parliament for Winchester. In the 
succeeding reign he was imprisoned in Newgate and the Marshalsea for pub- 
lishing treasonable papers. He was excepted from the Bill of Grace, and died 
in 1704, aged 88 years. Queen Mary made the following anagram on his 
name : — 

Roger I'Estrange. 

Lye strange Roger. 

1762. The London Gazette. No. 2231. April 7, 1687. 

It contains "His Majestie's (James II.) Gracious Declaration to all his 
Loving Subjects for Liberty of Conscience." 



763. A Full and True Relation of a Dreadful and Terrible Storm that 
hapned at Forte St. George, in the East Indies, on the 3rd of 
November, 1684. 



Cla00 C— fepecimen^ ot pvintitiQ. 233 

1764. A True Relation of the Late King's Death (Charles II.). Feb. 6, 
1685. 

Evelyn says in his diary: "The King died. I never can forget the inex- 
pressible luxury and profaneness, gaming, and dissoluteness, and as it were 
total forgetfulness of God (it being Sunday evening) which this day se'nnight 
I was witness of. The King sitting toying with his concubines, Portsmouth, 
Cleaveland, and Mazarine, and a French boy singing love songs, whilst above 
twenty of the courtiers and other dissolute persons were at basset around a 
large table, with a bank of at least ;^2,(XX) in gold before them. Six days 
after all was dust." 

These two printed news-sheets will illustrate the difference between the 
regular newspaper and an occasional emanation from the printing press. 



1765. The True Protestant Mercury, or an Impartial History of the 
Times, performed by a single sheet, Coming out every Friday. 
No. I. Dec. 6, 1689. 2 pp. 

1766. The London Mercury. No. 6. February 26, 1692. 2 pp. 

1767. The Lacedemonian Mercury. No. 10. March 11, 1692. 2 pp. 

A continuation of TAe London Mercury, 

1768. The Ladies' Mercury. No. 2. March 6, 1693. 2 pp. 

In No. I it says : — ** We shall make it our study to avoid even the least 
offensive syllable that may give any rude shock to the chastest ear. We declare 
ourselves such Religious Homagers of Vertue and Innocence that we would 
not force a Blush into a Virgin Cheek, having that true value for Beauty, as to 
adorn it with no other Vermilion but its own." Notwithstanding these 
elaborate assurances of propriety, the paper is grossly immoral. 

1769. The Jovial Mercury. Nb. 2. March 3, 1692. 2 pp. 

Among the subjects discussed in this number is the following : — "Whether 
at the Skip of a Flea the Earth is mov'd out of its Center ?" It is decided in 
the affirmative. 

1770. MoMUS Ridens, or Comical Remarks on the Weekly Reports. 
No. 19. March 11, 1691. 2 pp. 

A rhyming newspaper. The Turks defeated by the German Emperor. 
Under the heading of "The Siege of Limerick" the following phrase 
occurs : — 

" To march out with Bag and Baggage." 

1 77 1. Mercurius Reformatus, or the New Observator. VoL 3. No. 2. 
July 18, 1690. 2 pp. 

1772. A Continuation of the Proceedings of the Parliament in Scot- 
land. No. 43. August 3, 1689. 2 pp. 



234 Ca;cton Celebration^ 

1773. The English Lucian or Weekly Discoverer of the Witty Intrigues, 
Comical Passages, and Remarkable Transactions in Town and 
Country. No. 6. Valentine's Day, 1698. 2 pp. 

1774. The Weekly Comedy as it is Dayly Acted at most Coffee Houses 
in London. No. 7. June 21, 1699. 2 pp. 

1775. A Collection for Improvement of Husbandry and Trade. No. 
563. May 7, 1703. 2 pp. 

The earliest trade newspaper. 
'* Whoever will buy or hire, sell or lett houses, lodgings or estates, want or 
will put out apprentices, want servants or will go to service, will take or go to 
board, will put to school or want scholars ; or will have anything else enquired 
for, that is honourable for me to do, it may be entered in my books for half-a- 
crown each, and it is probable I may help them." 

** I want the next presentation to a living oi £200 the year." 
*' I have very good New Spaw Water." 
"If any wants a Wet Nurse, I can help." 
This number contains suggestions for supplying the inland towns with fish, 
a feat of some difficulty in those days of slow locomotion. 

1776. The Daily Courant. No. 3,166. Dec. 5, 171 1. No. 3,260. 
March 26, 17 12. No. 5,635. Nov. 12, 17 19. 

This paper was commenced in 1702, and was ih& first daily newspaper. 

1777. The Post Boy. No. 1,233. April 10, 1703. No. 4744. Dec. 
22, 1 7 19. 2 pp. Dec. 13, 171 1. 

1778. The Post Man. No. 1,108. March 25, 1703. No. 17,245. 
July 7, 1719- 2 PP- 

1779. The Examiner. No. 49. July 5, 171 1. Tory newspaper. 2 pp. 

At the commencement of the iSth century, party newspapers began to appear. 
The principal writers on the side of the Tories were Dean Swift, Prior, Lord 
Bolingbroke, and Bishop Atterbury ; and on the Whig side there were Defoe, 
Addison, and Steele. Dean Swift, in a letter to Stella (October 10, 171 1), 
says : "A rogue that writes a newspaper, called the Protestant Post Boy, has 
reflected on me in one of his papers, but the secretary (St. John) has taken him 
up, and he shall have a squeeze extraordinary. He says, ' That an ambitious 
Tantivy, missing of his towering hopes of preferment in Dublin, is come 
over to vent his spleen on the late ministry, &c.' I'll Tantivy him with a 
vengeance." 

1780. The Tatler. No. 246. Nov. 4, 17 10. The complete volumes, 
1709-10. 

This paper was written by Addison and Steele, the latter being the principal 
contributor. It was very successful and brought into existence numerous imi- 
tations, among them the Tell- Tale, the Tory Tattler, the Tattling Harlot, and 
the Female Tattler, by Mrs. Crackenthorpe, "A lady who knows everything." 
It was discontinued, however, and made room for the Spectator. 



Cla00 (E.— &pecfmen0 of ^rmtfng. 235 

1 78 1. The Spectator. No. 131. July 31, 171 1. No. 400. June 9, 
1712. 2 pp. 

This famous newspaper, of which 638 numbers appeared, met with the most 
extraordinary success. Addison wrote 274 of the essays, Steele contributed 240, 
and the remainder were furnished by various writers. 

1782. The Guardian. No. 20. April 3, 17 13. 2 pp. Price 2d. 
Written by Steele. 

1783. The Lover. No. 12. March 23, 17 14. 2 pp. Price 2^. By 
Marmaduke Myrtle, Gent. 

This paper also was written by Steele. Among the other newspapers 
founded by this indefatigable writer were the Whig Examiner, i\vQ Freeholder^ 
the Reader, the Plebeian, Chit Chat, the Tea Table, and the Toavn Talk. In 
1 7 14, he was expelled from the House of Commons for writing articles in the 
Englishman and the Crisis, "assailing the conduct of the administration." 

On the 1st of August, 1712, the \d. Stamp Duty was imposed on newspapers, 
which had a most disastrous effect on the existing newspapers. 

Dean Swift writing to Stella (Aug. 17 12) says : "All Grubb Street is dead 
and gone. No more ghosts or murders now for love or money." 

Addison in the Spectator says : ** This is the day on which many eminent 
authors will probably publish their last works. I am afraid that few of our 
weekly historians, who are men above all others that delight in war, will be able 
to subsist under a stamp duty with an approaching peace. In short, the necessity 
of carrying a stamp, and the impracticability of notifying a bloody battle, will, I 
am afraid, both concur to the sinking of these thin folios which have every 
other day related to us the history of Europe for several years past. A facetious 
friend of mine, who loves a pun, calls this present mortality, * The fall of the 
leaf.' " 

1784. Serious Thoughts; or, A Golden Chain of Contemplations, 
Divine and Moral. No. i. August 15, 17 10. 

The earliest religious newspaper. 

** The first week of its Publication, I only ask the favour of your kind 
Acceptance thereof : and afterwards, if you please to take it in at half a Crown 
a quarter, it shall be Constantly delivered at your House, every day of its 
Coming out ; but if you do not approve of it, be pleased to acquaint the 
Messenger therewith, that he may desist bringing it any longer." 

At this period (17 10) there were twenty newspapers published in London. 



1785. The Evening Post. No. 1746. October 8, 1720. 4 pp. 

This was the first evening newspaper. It originally appeared on the 6th 
of September, 1709. A pa^e or more of this paper was frequently left blank, 
on which persons wrote their private letters. 

1786. The St. James's Evening Post. No. 789. June 11, 1720. 4 pp. 
No. 2,668. June 20, 1732. 

An early evening newspaper. 

1787. The Daily Journal. No. 513. September 14, 1722. 2 pp. 



236 Canon Celebration. 

1788. The Flying Post or Postmaster. No. 4,622. September 15, 
1722. No. 5,509. October 22, 1728. No. 5,600. February 6, 
1728-9. 2 pp. 

A Whig newspaper. 

Dean Swift, writing to Stella, says : — "These devils of Grub Street rc^es, 
that write the Flying Post and Medley^ will not be quiet. They are always 
mauling the Lord Treasurer and me. We have the dog under prosecution, 
but Bolingbroke is not active enough ; but I hope to swing him. He is a 
Scotch rogue, one Redpath." The "dog" was fined ;^6oo. 

1789. The Trifler. No. 4. November 28, 1722. 2 pp. By Timothy 
Scribble, Esq. 

1790. The British Journal. No. 45. July 27, 1723. 4 pp. 

1791. The Daily Post No. 1512. July 31, 1724. No. 1675. Feb- 
ruary 6, 1725. No. 28,857. December 19, 1728. 2 pp. 

The advertisements of Jonathan Wild, the thief-taker, frequently appear in 
this paper. See the number of July 31st, 1724. 

1792. Mist's Weekly Journal. No. 18. July 3, 1725. Tory news- 
paper. 4 pp. 

1793. The Daily Post Boy. No. 6,153. October 26, 1728. 2 pp. 

A Tory newspaper. 

In the year 1731 there were twenty-two journals published in London, and 
twenty-three in the provinces, a total of forty-five in Great Britain. 

1794. The London Journal. No. 516. June 21, 1729. 4 pp. 

1795. Fog's Weekly Journal. No. 204. Sept. 30, 1732. 

1 795*. The Universal Spectator and Weekly Journal. No. 157. Octo- 
ber 9, 1 731. 4 pp. By Henry Stonecastle, of Northumberland, 
Esq. 

1796. The Country Journal, or the Craftsman. No. 783. Dec. 4,1731. 

1797. The Weekly Register, or Universal Journal. No. 152. March 
10, 1733- 

1798. The Weekly Oracle, or Gentleman's Journal. No. 58. Jan. 16, 
1736. 

1799. Common Sense, or the Englishman's Journal. No. 96. Dec. 2, 
1738. 

1800. The London Daily Post and General Advertiser. No. 352. 
December 18, 1735. No. 1,770. June 26, 1740. 2 pp. May 
13, 1740. 

1801. The General Evening Post. No. 1,902. December 5, 1745. 
4 pp. 

Prince Charles Stuart, "The Young Pretender," in Lancashire. 



Cla00 C— &pecfmtn0 of ^xintin^. 237 

1802. The Jacobite's Journal. By John Trott-plaid, Esq. No. 15. 
March 12, 1748. 4 pp. 

This paper was written by Henry Fielding, and, notwithstanding its title, 
it was staunchly Hanoverian. 

1803. Old England; or, the Broadbottom Journal. By Argus Cent- 
oculi, Inspector of Great Britain. No. 150. March 28, 1747. 
No. 303. January 13, 1750. 4 pp. 

1804. The British Spy ; or, New Universal London Weekly Journal. 
No. 220. May 8, 1756. 4 pp. 

The great earthquake at Lisbon. 

1805. Owen's Weekly Chronicle and Westminster Journal. No. 452. 
December 6, 1756. 4 pp. 

1806. The London Chronicle, or Universal Evening Post. No. 25. 
February 26, 1757. 8 pp. No. 400. July 21, 1759. 

1807. Owen's Weekly Chronicle, or Universal Journal. No. 20. 
August 19, 1758. 8 pp. 

1808. The London Evening Post. No. 4,876. February 6, 1759. 
4 pp. 

1809. The Public Advertiser. No. 9,239. June 9, 1764. 

This paper originally appeared, in 1726, as the London Daily Post and 
General Advertiser. In 1742 its first title was dropped, and it became known 
as the General Advertiser. Again, in 1752, it underwent another change of 
name, and was styled the Public Advertiser. It was rendered famous by 
the appearance of the letters of Junius in its columns, and on account of the 
controversy which has since taken place with regard to their authorship. 
These letters extended over a period of three years, commencing with the 21st 
of January, 1769. 

1 8 10. Lloyd's Evening Post. Vol. 1767. 

181 1. The Middlesex Journal, or Chronicle of Liberty. No. 31. May 
20, 1769. 

181 2. The North Briton. No. 218. May 11, 1771. Price 2\d. 
4 pp. 

This paper was established by John Wilkes, assisted by John Churchill and 
Lord Temple, in opposition to Dr. Smollett's paper, the Briton. In No. 45 
the king was chained with falsehood in his speech on the opening of Parlia- 
ment in 1762. Wilkes was arrested for this, and thrown into the Tower ; and 
the House of Commons ordered "No. 45" to be burnt by the common hang- 
man in Cheapside. The "Wilkes and Liberty" riots, the actions instituted 
by Wilkes and his printer and publisher on account of their illegal arrest, and 
the frequent elections of Wilkes for the City of London and the County of 
Middlesex, caused intense public excit*nent for a lengthened period. 

181 3. The Gazetteer and New Daily Advertiser. No. 15,505. October 
23, 1778. 4 pp. Dec. 5, 1795. June 4, 1765. 



238 Cajcton CelebratCoa* 

1814. The London Packet. No. 197. Jan. 30, 1771. July 16, 1787. 

1815. The Old British Spy and London Weekly Journal. No. 2,037. 
June 26, 1779. Price i\d. 4 pp. 

1816. The Morning Herald and Daily Advertiser. No. 109. March 7, 
1 781. Price 3^. 4 pp. Oct. 8, 1790. 

This paper was discontinued on the 31st of December, 1869, having been 
in existence 88 years. 

181 7. The London Courant and Westminster Chronicle. August 3, 

1 781. Price $d. 4 pp. 

18 1 8. The Morning Chronicle and London Advertiser. No. 3772. 
June 19, 1 781. Price 3^. 4 pp. March 4, 1796. 

This paper had an existence extending over ninety years. It was discon- 
tinued in I 86 I. 

181 9. The British Gazette and Sunday Monitor. No. 124. August 4, 

1782. Price 3^/. 4 pp. Oct. 14, 1827. 

Mercurius Aulicus, the King's news letter, brought out at Oxford, January 
1642, was published on Sunday ; but with this exception, yohnson's British 
Gazette was the first Sunday newspaper. At the commencement of the present 
century it dropped the first half of its title and was known as the Sunday 
Monitor. It subsequently descended so low as to become the organ of Joanna 
Southcote, and it died in 1829. 

1820. The Westminster Journal and London Political Miscellany. By 
Simon Gentletouch of Pall Mall, Esq. No. 2,149. J^^y i> 1786. 
Price 3d?. 4 pp. 

1 82 1. The Daily Advertiser. No. 18,073. November 3, 1786. Price 
2\d. 4 pp. Dec. 5, 1795. 

1822. The World. No. 483. July 16, 1788. Price 3^. 4 pp. 

1823. The Diary or Woodfall's Register. No. 73. June 22, 1789. 
Price 3^/. 4 pp. 

This paper was edited by William Woodfall, brother of the printer and chief 
proprietor of the Public Advertiser in which the letters of Junius appeared. 

1824. The Craftsman, or Say's Weekly Journal. No. 1,553. August 
15, 1789. 4 pp. Jan. 15, 1799. 

1825. The Argus. No. 772. April 27, 1791. Price 4^. 4 pp. 

1826. The Oracle. No. 646. June 23, 1 791. Price 4^/. 4 pp. 

1827. The Sun. No. 565. July 21, 1794. Price 4^//. 4 PP- 

1828. The True Briton. No. 1,026. April 9, 1796. Price 4i</. 4 pp. 
March 29, 1793. 



Cla00 C— &petfmen0 of ^rfntfng^ 239 

1829. The General Evening Post. No. io,oi6. January 7, 1797. 
Price 4ld. 4 pp. 

1830. The Express and the London Herald. No. 1,324. April 29, 
1799. Price 6^. 4 pp. 

1 83 1. The English Chronicle and Universal Evening Post. No. 3,240. 
February 25, 1800. Price 6d. 4 pp. 

1832. The New Times. No. 5,709. December 10, 1818. Price jd. 
4 pp. 

"Not connected with the paper called the Times. ^'* 

1833. The Observer of the Times. No. 29. July 23, 1821. Price ']d. 
4 pp. 

This paper contains an account of the Coronation of George IV., accom- 
panied by numerous illustrations. 

1834. Phonetic Journal (The). A Weekly Journal. 1876. 4to. 

Lent by Mr. Isaac Pitman, Bath. 

1835. Bell's Life in London. No. 169. May 22, 1825. 



Early Provincial Newspapers. 

The first newspaper printed and published regularly in a provincial 
town was the " Mercurius Aulicus," which was commenced at Oxford on 
the first of January, 1642. Its publication at Oxford was, however, de- 
pendent upon the residence of the Court, and it cannot, therefore, be re- 
garded as a mere local newspaper. When King Charles's fortunes were 
on the wane and he was compelled to leave Oxford, the Royal Printing 
Press was set up elsewhere. In " Perfect Occurrences of both Houses of 
Parliament and Martiall Affairs" of January i, 1646-7, we read : "This 
day (December 28) the King's letter came printed from NeivcastUy 
printed by Stephen Buckley, Printer to the King's Majesty, 1646." 
Again in 1665, when it was decided to start the " London Gazette," the 
prevalence of the Plague in London caused the removal of the Court to 
Oxford. From November, 1665, to February, 1666, the official print 
appeared as the " Oxford Gazette," but on the subsidence of the Plague 
and the return of the King to the metropolis, the government paper came 
out as the " London Gazette." The first really local paper published in 
the University city was the " Oxford Gazette," which made its appearance 
in 1745. 

The first provincial city or town to possess an undoubted local news- 
paper was Edinburgh, the "Mercurius Caledonius" appearing on the 
8th of January, 1661. 



240 



Canon Celebration* 



The following list contains, in chronological order, the places and 
dates of publication of the first local newspapers until the year 1730 : — 



Edinburgh 


1661 


Mercurius Caledonius. 


Dublin 


1685 


Dublin News Letter. 


Worcester 


1690 


Worcester Postman (now Ber- 
row's Worcester Journal). 


Nor^vich 


1706 


Nonvich Postman. 


Nottingham 


1710 


Nottingham Courant. 


Newcastle 


1711 


Newcastle Courant. 


Stamford 


1712 


Stamford Mercury. 


Liverpool 


1712 


Liverpool Courant. 


Salisbury 


1715 


Salisbury Postman. 


York 


1715 


York Mercury. 


Glasgow 


1715 


Glasgow Courant. 


Bristol 


1715 


Felix Farley's Journal. 


Canterbury 


1717 


Kentish Post. 


Exeter 


1719 


Exeter Mercury. 


Leeds 


1719 


Leeds Mercury. 


Northampton 


1720 


Northampton Mercury. 


Gloucester 


1722 


Gloucester Journal. 


Reading 


1723 


Reading Mercury. 


Maidstone 


1725 


Maidstone Mercury. 


Ipswich 


1725 


Ipswich Journal. 


Derby 


1727 


Derby Postman. 


Waterford 


1729 


Waterford Flying Post. 


Manchester 


1730 


Manchester Gazette. 


Chester 


1730 


Chester Courant. 



1837. 



1836. The Worcester Postman (now Berrow's Worcester Journal). 
Volumes 171 2-14. 

This paper is particularly interesting, it being the earliest provincial news- 
paper exhibited. 

The Salisbury Postman, or Packet of Intelligence from France, 
Spain, Portugal, &c. No. i. September 27, 17 15. 

"If 200 Subscribe it shall be Deliver'd to any Private or Public House in 
Town, every Monday y Thursday ^ and Saturday Morning, by Eight of the 
Clock, during the Winter Season ; and Six in the Summer ; for Ihree Half- 
pence each. It shall be always Printed in a Sheet and Half, and on a good 
Paper ; but this containing the Whole Week's News can't be afforded under 2d. 

Besides the News, we Perform all other Matters belonging to our Art and 
Mystery; whether in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Algebra, Mathematicks, &c. 

Printed by Sam. Farley, at his Office adjoyning to Mr. Robert Silcocks, on 
the Ditch in Sarum, Anno 17 15." 

Stamford Mercury, being Historical and Political Observations 
on the Transactions of Euroi)e, together with Remarks on Trade. 



1838. 



Cla00 (t.—^pttimzn0 of prmting:* 241 

Vol. 10, No. 18. Thursday, November 7, 17 17. Price Three 
Half-pence. 12 pp. 

Printed by Tho. Baily and WilL Thompson, at Stamford, in Lincolnshire, 
1717. 

1839. The Reading Mercury. Feb. i and 8, 1723. 

1840. The Maidstone Mercury. No. 4. March 15, 1724-5. 

A pictorial representation of Maidstone appears on the title-page. 

1 84 1. The Thistle. By Sir William Wallace Knight. No. 5. March 

i3» 1734- 4 pp. 

An early Edinburgh newspaper. 

1842. Ipswich Gazette. Vols. 1734-36. 

1843. Northamptonshire Journal. March 19, 1741. 

1844. William Flyn's Hibernian Chronicle. Vol. 4, No. 4. January 
13, 1772. 8 pp. 

An early Cork newspaper. 

1845. The Oxford Gazette and Reading Mercury. No. 526. Dec. i, 
1755- 

1846. The Kentish Post, or Canterbury News Letter. No. 4066. 
Nov. 6, 1756. 4 pp. 

1847. The Bath Advertiser. Vol. 5, No. 230. March 8, 1760. 4 pp. 

1848. The Hartford Mercury. No. i8. September 18, 1772. 

1849. The Hibernian Journal (Dublin). No. 107. September 7, 1778. 

1850. Northern Star. No. 315. January 8, 1795. 4 pp. Price 2 i^/. 

An early Belfast newspaper. 

185 1. Lincoln, Rutland, and Stamford Gazette. No. 202. January 
24, 1797. 4 pp. Price 3i^. 

1852. The Portsmouth Gazette and Weekly Advertiser. No. 57. 
August 4, 1794. 4 pp. Price 4^. 

1853. The Calcutta Gazette. No. 144 Nov. 30, 1786. 

1854. The Asiatic Mirror and Commercial Advertiser. Vol 6, No. 
280. June 19, 1793. 4 PP- 

An early Calcutta newspaper. 

1855. Madras Courier. No. 68. January 31, 1787. 

R 



242 



Canon Celebration. 



1856. The Cambrian and General Weekly Advertiser for Swansea and 
the Principality of Wales. Vols. 1804-8. 

The first newspaper printed in Wales. 



Newspapers now in existence^ and which were first published prior 


to the year 1800. 




Name of Paper. 


Date of Origin. 


Date of Copies exhibited. 


London Gazette 


1665 


April 30, 1688. 


Edinburgh Gazette . 


1690 




Edinburgh Courant . 


1705 


May 30, 1803. 


Berrow's Worcester Journal 


1690 




Newcastle Courant . 


1711 




Dublin Gazette .... 


1711 




Stamford Mercury 


1712 


Nov. 7, 1 7 17, March 
21, 1765, Oct. 21, 
1796. 


Leeds Mercury .... 


1719 


Vols. 1719-20. 


Northampton Mercury 


1720 


Volumes 1722-3 and 
June II, 1796. 


Norwich Mercury 


1720 




Gloucester Journal 


1722 


September 13, 1784. 


Reading Mercury 


1723 


Feb. I and 8, 1723, 
Jan. 12, 1795. 


Ipswich Journal. 


1725 


Vols. 1729-31, and 
1736-43- 


Salisbury Journal 


1729 


July 6, 1730, 
July 10, 1739. 


Chester Courant 


1730 


Vols. 1 760- 1. 


Derby Mercury .... 


1732 




Bristol Times and Mirror . 


1735 




Belfast News Letter . 


1737 




Hereford Journal 


1739 




Aris's Birmingham Gazette 


1741 




Coventry Standard 


1741 




Keene's Bath Journal 


1742 




Cambridge Chronicle 


1744 


February 23, 1790. 


Sussex Advertiser 


^745 




Aberdeen Journal 


1748 




Leicester Journal 


1753 


February 24, 1804 


Oxford Journal .... 


1753 


Volume 1753. 


Yorkshire Post (Leeds) 


1754 




Saunders's News Letter (Dublin). 


1755 


September 7, 1778. 



Cla00 (£*— fepetimenie^ af ^vintin^. 



M3 



Name of Paper. 


Date of Origin. 


Date of Copies exhibited. 


Nottingham Journal . 


1756 


Jan. 10, 1756. 


Bath Chronicle .... 


1757 


November 19, 176 1. 


Public Ledger .... 


1759 


December 31, 1800, 
and Dec. i, 1777. 


Norfolk Chronicle (Norwich) 


1761 




St. James's Chronicle 


1763 


October 11, 1770, 
March 21, 1782. 


Exeter Flying Post . 


1763 




Freeman's Journal (Dublin) 


1763 


March 16, 1776, and 
Vol 1768. 


Newcastle Chronicle . 


1764 




Chelmsford Chronicle 


1764 


March 17, 1786. 


Sherborne Journal 


1764 




Limerick Chronicle . 


1766 




Waterford Chronicle . 


1766 




Kilkenny Journal 


1767 




Kentish Gazette (Canterbury) . 


1768 


August 24, 1 77 1. 


Kentish Chronicle (Canterbury) . 


1768 


April 28, 1795. 


Hampshire Chronicle 


1772 


May 24, 1790, and 
Volume 1790. 


Exeter and Plymouth Gazette . 


1772 




Shrewsbury Chronicle 


1772 


Volume 1772. 


Londonderry Journal . 


1772 




Morning Post .... 


1772 


September 20, 1781, 
Feb. 16, 1796. 


Chester Chronicle 


1773 




Cumberland Pacquet(Whitehaven) 


1774 




Kerry Post (Tralee) . 


1774 




Clare Journal (Ennis) 


1776 




Bury and Norwich Post 


1782 




Glasgow Herald 


1782 




Doncaster Gazette . 


1786 




Maidstone Journal . 


1786 




Hull Pacquet .... 


1787 




The Times .... 


1788 


November 5, 1 790, 
April 5, 1808, and 
Dec. 5, 1795. 


Hue and Cry and Police Gazette 


1790 


October 11, 1806. 


York Herald .... 


1790 




Bristol Mercury. 


1790 


Vols. 1790, I, 2. 


Observer 


1791 


October 5, 1823. 



H4 



Cajctoa Celebration. 



Name of Paper. 


Date of Origin. 


Date of Copies exhibited. 


Kentish Herald .... 


1792 


November 10, 1792. 


Bath Herald . 




1792 


July 27, 1799. 


Morning Advertiser . 




1794 


May 3, 1805. 


Shrewsbury Journal . 




1794 




Worcester Herald 




1794 




Staffordshire Advertiser 




1795 


Jan. 3, 1795. 


Bell's Weekly Messenger 




1796 


June 12, 1814. 


Kelso Mail 




1797 




Carlisle Journal . 




1798 




Greenock Advertiser . . .1 1799 





Newspaper Curiosities. 

1857. The Sun. No. 14,289. June 28, 1838. Price One Shilling. 

It contains an accotmt of the Queen's Coronation, and is printed in gold. 

1858. The Thief. No. 12. July 7, 1832. Price 2d. 

It consists of extracts taken from the magazines and publications of the day. 

1859. Berthold's Political Handkerchief. No. i. September 3, 183 1. 

A newspaper printed on cotton. "The lava of England's bankruptcy will 
overspread the European world, — overwhelming kings and aristocracies, but 
cementing the democratic interests as it flows." 

i860. The Cab. No. 2. March 10, 1832. Price, a halfpenny. 
**The Cab, the Cab's the thing." — Shakespeare (modem version). 

1861. Peeping Tom; or, Notes of London Life. No. 2. April 10, 
1 84 1. Price 2d. 

'* In all thy humours, whether grave or mellow, 
Thou'rt such a touchy, testy, pleasant fellow, 
Hast so much wit, and mirth, and spleen about thee. 
That there's no living with thee nor without thee." 

1862. The Pittenweem Register. No. i. Nov. 14, 1844. 2 pp., one 
blank. 

A tiny newspaper. Size 9X4 inches. 

1863. The Devil in London. No. i. Feb. 29, 1832. One penny. 

4 pp. 

*'In these daies the Devil was sene publicly walking about the Stretes of 
London. " — Hollingshed. 



CIaj3(0 C— &pecfmen0 of printfno:. 245 

1864. A Slap at the Church. No. i. Jan. 21, 1832. 4 pp. 

**A religious establishment is no part of Christianity. " — Paley. 
"Though all the reverend frogs may hop and spit, 
And croak ' damnation' for each proper hit, 
"We will not be diverted from pursuing the even tenour of our way, till the 
whole of the motley band are brought to a becoming end, and are exhibited to 
the world 

"Hxmg on the gibbet of a nation's curse." 

1865. The Fonotipic Journal. No. 3 (Nu^Seriez). Ma, 1849. Pris 
\d. Stampt 2d. 

This journal styles itself : **The advocet ov fonetic spellin ; a record ov the 
prc^es ov the ritin and printin reform ; and the oi^n of the Fonetic Sosieti 
ov Grat Britn and Irland. "Conducted by Izac Pitman, Fonetic Instituzun, 
5 Nelsun Plas, Bat," (Bath). 

1866. UEcHO. Dec. 23, 1870. 

French nevrspaper published in Melbourne during the Franco-German War. 

1867. La Grande Motion du P^re Duchene. No. 34. 

1868. L'Affranchi. No. 18. April 19, 1871. 

1869. Le Mot'd'Ordre. No. 55.%'April 19, 187 1. 

These three papers were published in Paris during the Conmiune. 

The following exhibits appear in the foregoing list. 

1870. The Stamford Mercury, November 7, 1717. 

Lent by the Trustees of the Stamford Mercury, 

187 1. The Oxford Gazette and Reading Mercury, December i, 1755. 

Lent by George J. Cosbum, Esq. 

1872. Adams's Weekly Courant (Chester). Vols. 1 760-1. 

Lent by John Ramsden^ Esq, 

1873. The Oxford Journal. Vol. 1753. Lent by tJu Proprietors. 

1874. The Bristol Mercury. Vols. 1 790-1-2. 

Lent by Messrs. C. and G. Somerton, 

1875. The Reading Mercury. Copies for February i and 8, 1723. 

Lent by Messrs. W. and F, Cowslade. 

1876. THETatler. Complete. 1709-10. 

Lent by Andre^v W. Tuer, Esq. 

1877. The Freeman's Journal. Vol. 1768. Lent by Denis Begley^ Esq, 

1878. The Shrewsbury Chronicle. Vol. 1772. Lent by John Watton^ Esq. 



246 Cajrt9n Celebration. 

1879. The Staffordshire Advertiser. January 3, 1795. 

Lent by J. Z. Cherry, Esq., F.G.S. 

1880. The Ipswich Journal. Vols. 1729-31, 1736-43, and Ipswich 
Gazette, 1734-6. Lent by H. Wright, Esq. 

1 88 1. The London Chronicle, July 21, 1759. Lent by B. Wimble, Esq. 

i88i*.St James's Chronicle, March 21, 1782, and the Times, April 5, 
1808. Lent by William Rivington, Esq. 

1882. The Worcester Postman, now Berrow's Worcester Journal. 
Vols. 1 7 12-14. Z,ent by C. H. Birbeck, Esq. 

1883. The Family Herald (first number). December 17, 1842. 

Lent by J. S. Hodson, Esq. 

1884. The Leeds Mercury. Vol. 2, 1719-20. 

Lent by Edward Baines, Esq. 

1885. Northampton Mercury. Vols. 1722-3, and Northamptonshire 
Journal, March 19, 1741. Lent by John Taylor, Esq. 

1886. The Cambrian. Vols. 1804-8, 

Lent by Howel Walters Williams, Esq. 

1887. The Salisbury Postman. September 27, 17 15. 

Lent by Messrs. Bennett Brothers. 

1888. Rivington's New York Gazetteer, April 3, 1775 ; Salem Gazette, 
1775. Lent by Messrs. Gilbert and Rivington. 

1889. Cresswell's Nottingham Journal, Jan. 10, 1756, and Bell's Life 
in London, May 22, 1825. Lent by Warman Thorn, Esq. 

1890. Lloyd's Evening Post. Vol. 1767. 

Lent by the Committee of Lloyd's. 

1891. A Volume of Commonwealth Newspapers, including Severall Pro- 
ceedings of Parliament (1650). The True Informer or Monthly 
Mercury, Nov. 1648, and Perfect Occurrences of Every Daies 
ioumall in Parliament, Nov. 3, 1648; the Gloucester Journal, 
September 13, 1784, and the London Packet, January 30, 1771. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

1892. Two Volumes of Eighteenth Century Newspapers. 

Lent by Stephen Austin, Esq. 

1893. A Collection (13) of Eighteenth Century Newspapers. 

Lent by the Corporation of the City of London. 





Class F. 
PRINTED MUSIC. 



HE various methods employed for producing printed 
music have been engraving on wood (xylography), type 
in two printings, type in one printing, engraving on 
copper plates, and stamping on copper or pewter plates. 
For the production of modifications of the ordinary 
musical notation, such as tablature, all the above methods have 
at various times been employed. The first book in which musical 
characters were known to have been printed in England was Higden's 
" Polychronicon," the production of Wynken de Worde in the year 1495, 
some eighteen years after the introduction of the art of printing into 
this country. A specimen of this work is exhibited in the present 
collection, No. 1966. A reference to this copy will show that the notes 
have been formed of pieces of metal, and the lines of " rule " — lines of 
metal imperfectly joined together. This is an important discovery, as it 
appears to be the earliest example of music printed from separate pieces, 
and not, as has always been believed since Sir John Hawkins's time, from 
an engraved wooden block. The earliest example of music printed from 
engraved wooden block which it has been possible to exhibit is " Opus- 
culum Musices," by Nicolaus Burtius, printed at Bologna in 1487 (No. 
1934), but there are several earlier examples known to exist, the oldest 
being a work produced at Augsburg, by Hans Froschauer, in 1473. I" 
the first books printed for the service of the church, such as the Mentz 
Psalter, the music was inserted entirely by hand The next step was 
that of printing the lines only, most frequently in red, see Nos. 1949 and 
1965 ; the notes would be afterwards inserted by hand. Dr. Chrysander, 
in a recent article in the " Musical Times," states that " Apart from 



248 Carton Celebration* 

other drawbacks to wTiting in the notes, it was very inconvenient from 
the fact that writing-ink, and paper which has to undergo the process of 
printing do not agree well together ; and the irregularity of the written 
notes contrasted disagreeably with the mechanical regularity of the letter- 
press. So they then made signs of notes in the form of types or punches, 
covered them with printer's ink, and then pressed them one by one with 
the hand upon or between the four red lines. This process was called, 
in German, Patronendruck (pattern-printing). On account of the clumsi- 
ness of the signs and the imperfectness of the whole process, it is difficult 
to determine in particular cases when this pattern-printing and when real 
mechanical printing was employed." 

This process {Patronendruck) led naturally and at once to the produc- 
tion of music from moveable types, but in two printings. A vast stride 
was made when Ottavio Petnicci set up his press in Venice, in 1500, and 
printed a series of musical works from moveable type in one printing as 
well as in two. Among the earliest printers of music, contemporaries of 
Petrucci, were Erhart Oeglin, of Augsburg, 1 5 1 2, and Peter Schceffer, of 
Metz, 1 5 13; his immediate successors being John Jacob Pasote, of 
Parma, 1526; Pierre Attaignant, of Paris, 1529; Jacob Moderni of 
Ivyons, and Christian Egenolphum, of Frankfurt, 1532 ; Nicolas Fabrum, 
of Leipzig, Octavius and Girolamo Scotto of Venice, George Rhav, of 
Wittemberg, and Antonio Gardano, of Venice, 1537 ; Johan von Berg, 
also called Montana, and his partner Ulrich Newber, of Nuremberg, 

1549- 

After this period the number of printers both at home and abroad 
increased rapidly. In England, one of the earliest of this epoch was 
Richard Grafton, the printer of " Merbecke's Booke of Common Praier 
noted" in 1550 (No. 1943). He used moveable types, as did also John 
Day (who printed, in 1562, the first metrical translation of the book of 
Psalms), Thomas Vautrollier and Thomas Est (or Snodham). The music 
type employed by these printers was similar in character to that in common 
use in Italy, Germany, and France. Soon, however, individual printers 
sought to secure special founts of music type to themselves, as in 
Barnard's "Selected Church Music," printed by Edward Griffin in 1641, 
No. 2006, and in other books printed by William Godbid. In many 
instances two or more "founts" of music type were used in the same 
work, uniformity of appearance not being always studied either at this 
or even in subsequent periods. 

About the year 1660 "a new-tyed note" — that is to say, a type which 
could be so " ranged" as to make the heads of groups of quavers appa- 
rently continuous, instead of detached, was introduced into England, but 
sometimes, as in the later editions of "Simpson's Compendium," the old 
and the new style of grouped quavers are employed in one and the same 
book. William Pearson's " new London character," introduced in 1699, 



marks a further improvement ; and then, shortly after, type-music printing 
in England gave way for a time to engraved or stamped music. With 
the exception of the works issued by Fougt, the type-printing after Pearson 
up to the year 1780 was of a very indifferent character, both in England 
and abroad, the process of printing engraved music having improved in 
proportion as the t)T)e-music printing deteriorated ; about the year 1750, 
Fougt printed certain songs on single sheets with a considerably improved 
type, which were sold at the rate of eighteen for one shilling. 

It has hitherto been asserted that to England belongs the honour of 
having produced the first music-book printed from engraved plates, and 
that the work entitled " Parthenia," of which two very fine copies are 
shown in the Exhibition (Nos. 2257 and 2258), is the identical book; 
the "Parthenia" was, however, published in 161 1, and this Exhibition 
contains an engraved music-book published in Rome in 1604 — " Kaps- 
berger's Arie" (No. 2243). Further search may be rewarded by dis- 
covering an example of still earlier date, and of restoring to England the 
claim of priority in the use of engraved music plates. Be that as it may, 
the example set by Italy and England was soon followed by other 
countries, France, Germany, and Holland. Every stroke and point in 
the early works had to be made by the graver, but the thoroughly prac- 
tical and labour-saving character of the Dutch people soon led to the 
introduction of a new process — that of stamping, by means of punches, 
the heads of the notes and other characters. These ingenious people are 
said to have discovered a method of softening the plates of copper, so as 
to make them, hitherto hard, susceptible of impressions from the punches. 
They kept the secret of the process to themselves, and so secured the 
monopoly of the work. Equally ingenious minds in England made the 
attempt to rival the Dutch, and substituting pewter plates for copper, 
were enabled to produce work, if not equal in quality, cheaper in cost 
Richard Meares and John Walsh produced stamped plates in London 
about the year 1720; but, nevertheless, copper-plate music engraving 
continued to be practised, particularly by the Bickhams, well known for 
their productions in other branches of the art ; their work was remarkable 
for the introduction of pictorial designs illustrative of either the words or 
music. The books so printed were naturally costly, and eventually . 
decorative engraving was confined to frontispieces, tail-pieces, or eccentric 
flourishes, as in " Boyce's Cathedral Music," No. 2324. 

Until very recently it was the custom to print from the plates them- 
selves. The demand for copies being limited, this process did little 
harm to the material, some of the very copper-plates engraved so far 
back as the year 17 10, as of Corelli's Sonatas, being still in use. When 
larger numbers of an engraved or stamped plate were required, impres- 
sions fi-om the plates were transferred to lithographic stones and then 
printed. By this means the plates remained uninjured for a long period. 



250 Carton Celebration. 

In lithography, the work required is drawn either on transfer-paper or 
directly upon the stones. There is also a process of photo-zincography, 
by means of which actual and correct facsimiles of original works may 
be printed. 

Specimens of tablature, or special notation for the lute, violin, flageolet, 
&c., may be seen printed in various ways — from wooden blocks, as in 
Meckel's " Lautten Buch," 1562, No. 2239, and Barley's " New Book of 
Tabliture," 1596, No. 2217, by engraved plates, as in Kapsberger's 
"Arie," 1604, No. 2243, or by moveable types specially cut, as in 
"Mace's Musick's Monument," 1676, No. 2226. Other modifications 
of notation, such as the now popular tonic sol-fa, have been suggested 
from time to time, and have been printed in various forms, but chiefly 
from moveable tjrpes. 

Several improvements have at various dates been suggested in the 
manner of setting up and printing music from type. Major Beniowski 
included certain forms of music phrases and chords which were of frequent 
occurrence in his system of " Logotype " printing. The process invented 
by Gustav Scheurmann was employed with a better, though not with a 
completely successful result. Some specimens of the Scheurmann pro- 
cess are included in the present exhibition. 

It would be interesting and instructive to show the whole progress of 
the art of music-printing in all its stages and suggested modifications, 
from the earliest period to the present time. Such an exhibition would, 
however, require a larger area than is now available ; a great number of 
books have been placed at the disposal of the Committee, many of which 
are not exhibited open for lack of space. 




Clajaf^ if.— i^mteH 9^u0ic. (feettfon i.) 251 

Section I. 

MUSIC PRINTED FROM WOODEN BLOCKS. 
ENGLAND. 

_.^ 1914. 

j^SJHOULAND, John. Micrologus. Folio. London : Thomas 

|n^Bj Adams, 1603. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

^^SSF^ 1 91 5. Turner, William. Sound Anatomized. London, 1724. 

E.J. Hopkins, Esq, 

191 6. The Musical Miscellany ; being a Collection of Choice Songs, 
set to the Violin and Flute, by the most eminent masters. 
Sm. 8vo. London: John Wallis, 1729-31. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

T917. Oakeley, Frederick, the Rev. Laudes Diumae. The Psalter, 
with the Gregorian tones. i2mo. London, 1845. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

SCOTLAND. 

19x8. Ramsay, Allan. The Gentle Shepherd : a Scots Pastoral 
Comedy. Edinburgh, 1776. W. Hendtrson, Esq, 

DENMARK. 

1919. Den rette Ordinants. i2mo. Kisbenhaffn (Copenhagen), 1562. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

FRANCE. 

1920. Les Bigamires du Seigneur des Accords. i2mo. Paris: Jean 
Richer, 1586. CAarles Letts, Esq. 

192 1. Rousseau, J. J. Dictionnaire de Musique. 4to. Paris: Ballard, 
1768. W. H Cummings, Esq. 

GERMANY. 

1922. Flores Musicse, seu omnis cantus Gregoriani. 4to. Strasburg : 
Pryss, 1488. Earl Spencer. 

1923. Agenda Ecclesie Moguntinensis. 410. [Mainz, c. 1490.] 

T. W. Taphouse, Esq. 



252 Cajrton Celebratfom 

1924. Responsoria Moguntina. 8vo. Mainz: Peter Schoeffer, 
r. 1510. Earl Beauchamp. 

1925. Reisch, G. Margarita Philosophica. 4to. Argentoratum (Stras- 
burg): Joannis Griininger, 15 12. Alfred H, Littleton^ Esq, 

1926. Reuchlin, Joannis. Phorcensis Scenica Progumnasmata. 4to. 
Leipzig: Valentine Schuman, 15 15. Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq. 

1928. Reuchlin, G. J. (Capnio). De Accentibus et Orthographia 
Linguae Hebraicae. 4to. Hagenoae, in sedibus Thomae Aushe- 
loni Badensis, 15 18. Julian Marshall^ Esq, 

1929. XiSTUS, Theodoricus. [Dietrich, Sixtus.] Magnificat Octo 
Tonorum. i2mo. Argentorati (Strasburg) per Petrum Schoeffe- 
rum, & Mathiam Apiarium, 1535. Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq. 

1930. Spangenberg, Johan. Kirchengesenge Deudtsch auflf die 
Sontage und Fiimemliche Feste. Folio. Magdeburg : Michael 
Lotther, 1545. John Dobson, Esq, 

1 93 1. Rhavo, Georgio. Enchiridion utriusque Musicae Practicae ex 
variis Musicorum libris pro pueris in Schola Witebergensis con- 
gestum. i2mo. Witebergae: apudhaeredes Georgii Rhav, 1551. 

Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq, 

1932. Ulenberg, Caspar. Die Psalmen Davids in allerlei Teutsche 
Gesangreimen bracht. Coin : durch Gewinum Calentum und die 
Erben Johan Quartels, 1582. Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq, 

ITALY. 

1933. Gaforius, Franchinus. Theoricum opus musice discipline. 4to. 
Naples: Franciscus di Dino, 1480. Earl Spencer. 

1934. BuRTius, Nicolaus. Opusculum musices, cum defensione Gui- 
donis Aretini. 4to. Bologna: Ugo de Rugeriis, 1487. 

Earl Spencer. 

1935. Gaforius, F. Practica Musicae. Folio. Milan, 1492. 

Sacred Harmonic Society, 

1936. Gaforius, F. Practica Musicae. Sm. folio. Milan, 1496. 

Julian Marsliall^ Esq, 

1937. Gaforius, F. De Harmonia Musicorum instrumentorum. Sm. 
folio. Milan: Gotardus Pontanus, 15 18. Earl Spencer. 

1938. Gaforius, F. De Harmonia. Another copy. 

Julian Marshall, Esq. 



Cla00 ^,—^vintth 9^u0iu (feection II.) 253 

1939. Aron, Piero. Toscanello in Musica. Sm. folio. Venice : Marchio 
Sessa, 1539. Julian Marshally Esq, 

1940. Aron, Piero. Toscanello in Musica. Another copy. 

Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq. 

1 941. ViNCENTiNO, Nicola. L'antica Musica. Folio. Rome: A. Barre, 
1555. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

1942. Galilei, Vincentio. Dialogo della Musica Antica e della Mo- 
dema. Folio. Fiorenza : Giorgio Marescotti, 1581. 

Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

SWITZERLAND. 

i942*.Glareanus, Henricus. Isagoge in Musice. 4to. Basil, 15 16. 

Julian Marshall^ Esq. 



Section II. 

MUSIC PRINTED FROM TYPE, 

(the staff lines in red and the notation in black). 

ENGLAND. 

1943- 
ERBECKE, John. Booke of Common Praier Noted. Sm. 4to. 
London : Richard Grafton, 1550. Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq. 



* 1944- Manuale ad Usum per Celebris Ecclesie Sarisburiensis. 

Sm. 4to. London, 1554. /. C. Wilkins, Esq. 

1945. Dyce, William. The Book of Common Prayer, with Plain Tune. 
Crown 4to. London : Levey and Robson, 1843. 

Messrs, Henderson^ Rait, and Fenton. 

1946. The Book of Common Prayer. Cr. Svo. London: Hender- 
son, Rait, and Fenton, 1864. Messrs. Henderson, Rait, and Fenton. 

1947. The Order for the Consecration of an Altar according to the 
Roman Pontifical. Fcap. 8vo. London : Henderson, Rait, and 
Fenton, 1868. Messrs. Henderson, Rait, and Fenton. 



254 Cd;:ton Celebration^ 

AUSTRIA. 

1948. MissALE Secundum Rubricam Ecclesie Saltzburgensis. Sm. 
folio. Vienna: Joannes Winterburger, 1506. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

FRANCE. 

1949. MissALE Romanum. Folio. Lyons : Matthias Hus, 1485. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq, 
The staflf only printed. 

1950. MissALE Romanum. Sm. 410. Paris : Jacobus Kerver, 1583. 

Charles Letts, Esq. 

1 95 1. MissALE Romanum. Sm. 4to. Paris, 1604. 

W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

1952. Processionale. Sm. 4to. Paris: Joannes de la Caille, 167 1. 

W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

GERMANY. 

1953. Missale Secundum Breviarium Chori ecclesie Frisingen. Sm. 
folio. Augsburg (?): Erhardus Ratdolt, 1492. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

1954. Missale secundum usum Ecclesie Ratisponensis. Folio. Bam- 
berg: Johannis Pfeyl, 15 18. Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

1955. Missale ad usum insignis Ecclesie Sarum. Sm. folio. Francis- 
cus Byrckmann, 1527. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

1956. Missale Secundum Ritum Augustensis Ecclesiae. Folio. Dilin- 
gen : in aedibus Sebaldi Mayer, 1555. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

1957. Vilsecker, F. J. Officium Hebdomadae sanctae secundum 
Missale et Breviarium Romanum. 8vo. Passaviae, 1842. 

Messrs. Novella 6- Co. 

ITALY. 

1958. Cantorinus ad eorum instructionem, qui cantum ad chorum 
ptinentem discere concupiscunt. Sm. 8vo. Venice: Junta, 1550. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

1959. Missale Romanum. Folio. Venice: Junta, 1563. 

Jtdian Marshall, Esq. 



Cla0j2^ jf.— pcinteD 9^u0ic. (Section III*) 255 

i960. PoNTiFiCALE Romanum. Folio. Venice: Junta, 1572. 

W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

1 961. PoNTiFiCALE Romanum. Folio. Venice : Junta, 1582. 

Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

1962. PsALTERiUM Chorale. Large folio. Rome : NicolaiAngeli, 1678. 

W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

SPAIN. 

1963. Manuale, seu Processionarium Minorum. Sm. 4to. Madrid, 
1672. Richard Redhead^ Esq. 

SWITZERLAND. 

1964. Agenda Parochialium Ecclesiarum. Sm. folio. Basil: M. 
Wenssler & Jacobus de Kilchen, 1488. 

Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq. 

1965. Hymnarium. 4to. No printed place or date. c. 1475. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 
The staff only printed. 



Section III. 

MUSIC PRINTED FROM TYPE, 

(One printing only), 

ENGLAND. 

1966. 

IGDEN, Ranulph. Polychronicon Englysshed by Syr Johan de 
Trevysa. Sm. foUo. Westminster : Wynkyn de Worde, 
1495. Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

The first book printed in England containing musical characters, 
apparently printed from type. In the Polychronicon printed by Caxton (of 
which the present book is a reprint), a space is left for the musical characters to 
be filled in by the illuminator. 

1967. The Whole Booke of Psalmes in foure partes, whiche may be song 
to al musicall instruments, &c. Obi. 410. London : John Day, 
1563. John Dobson, Esq. 




256 Cajcton Celebration. 

1969. Tallis, Thomas, and Byrd, William. Cantiones. Obi. 4to. Lon- 
don: Thomas Vautrollier, 1575. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

1970. Sternhold, Thomas, Hopkins, John, &c. The Whole Booke of 
Psalmes, collected into english meter. Folio. London : John 
Day, 1576. John Dobson^ Esq. 

1 97 1. Day, John. The Psalmes of David in English meter. Ob). 
4to. London, John Day, 1579. W. Glennie^ Esq. 

1972. Sternhold, Hopkins, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes, col- 
lected into English meter. 4to. London : John Day, 1581. 

John Dobson, Esq. 

1973. Sternhold, Hopkins, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes; Col- 
lected into english meeter. 4to. London : John Day, 1583. 

John Dobson, Esq. 

1974. Sternhold, Hopkins, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes. Col- 
lected into English meter. Folio. London : Assignbs of Richard 
Day, 1585. John Dobson^ Esq. 

1975. Byrd, William. Psalmes, Sonets and Songs of Sadnes and 
Pietie. 4to. London: Thomas Est, ^. 1587. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

1976. Byrd, W. Psalmes, Sonets and Songs of Sadnes and Pietie, 
made into musicke of five parts. 4to. London : Thomas East, 
1588. W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

1977. YoNGE, Nicholas. Musica Transalpina. Madrigales translated, of 
foure, five, and sixe parts. Sm. 4to. London : Thomas East, 
1588. Alfred H Littleton, Esq. 

1978. Sternhold, Hopkins, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes, col- 
lected into English meetre. 4to. London : John Wolfe, for the 
Assign^s of Richard Day, 1590. John Dobson, Esq. 

1979. Damon, William. Psalms. 4to. London : T. Este, 1591. 

Her Majesty the Queen, 

1980. SoNDRY Authors. The Whole Booke of Psalmes: with their 
Wonted Tunes. 8vo. London: Thomas Est, 1592. 

John Dobson, Esq, 

1981. Morley, Thomas. A Plaine and Easie Introduction to Prac- 
ticall Musicke. Sm. folio. London: Peter Short, 1597. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 



Cla00 JF.— i^rmteD 9^u0ic* (feectfon III*) 257 

1982. MoRLEY, T. A Plaine and Easie Introduction. Another copy. 

[ulian Marshall^ Esq. 

1983. Sternhold, Whittingham, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes 
collected into English meetre. 4to. London : John Windet, for 
the Assign^s of Richard Daye, 1598. John Dobson^ Esq. 

1984. DowLAND, John. The Second Booke of Songs or Ayres. Folio. 
London, 1600. Sacred Harmonic Society, 

1985. MoRLEY, T. The Triumphes of Oriana. 4to. London : T. Est, 
1 60 1 . Sacred Harmonic Society. 

1986. The Psalmes of David in Meetre, with divers Notes and Tunes 
augmented to them. 8vo. London : Printed for the Com- 
panie of Stationers. 1605. John Dobson^ Esq. 

1987. MoRLEY, T. Canzonets. 4to. London, 1606. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

1988. Sternhold, Hopkins, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes, Col- 
lected into English Meeter. Folio. London : Printed for the 
Company of Stationers, 1607. John Dobson^ Esq. 

1989. Ravenscroft, Thomas. Deuteromelia. 4to. London : Edward 
AUde, 1609. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

1990. Byrde, W. Gradualia ac Cantiones Sacrae. 4to. London : 
Ricardus Redmerus, 16 10. Her Majesty the Queen. 

1 99 1. Byrd, W. Psalmes, Songs and Sonnets : some solemne, others 
joyfull, framed to the life of the words, fit for voyces or viols. 
4to. London: Thomas Snodham, 161 1. W. H. CummingSyEsq. 

1992. Sternhold, Hopkins, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes. 
Collected into English Meeter. Folio. London : Printed for 
the Company of Stationers, 16 15. John Dobson^ Esq. 

1993. Amner, John. Sacred Hymnes for Voyces and Vyols newly 
composed. 4to. London: Edw. AUde, 16 15. 

W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

1994. Morley, T. First book of Canzonets. 4to. London: Thomas 
Snodham, 16 19. Her Maiesty the Queen. 

s 



258 Cdjcton Celebratiom 

1995. Sternhold and Hopkins. The Whole Booke of Psalmes. 
i2mo. London, 1622. Edward J. Hopkins ^ Esq, 

1996. Sternhold, Hopkins, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes. 
Collected into English Meeter. Folio. London : Imprinted for 
the Companie of Stationers, 1624. John Dobson^ Esq. 

1997. Bevin, Elway. Brief and short instruction. 4to. London: R. 
Young, 1 63 1. Her Majesty the Queen. 

1998. Ravenscroft, Thomas. The Whole Booke of Psalmes. 8vo. 
London : T. Harper, 1633. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

1999. The whole book of Psalmes. 8vo. London : Stationers' Com- 
pany, 1633. W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

2000. Butler, Charles. The feminin Monarchic. 4to. Oxford: 
William Turner, 1634. W. H. CummingSj Esq. 

2001. Butler, C The Principles of Musik. Sm. 8vo. London : 
1636. Edward/. Hopkins ^ Esq. 

2002. Lawes, Henry. A Paraphrase on the Psalmes. 8vo. London : 
John Leggatt, 1637. Sacred Hartnonic Society. 

2003. Lawes, H. A Paraphrase upon the Psalmes of David. By 
G[eorge] S[andys]. Set to new Tunes. Folio. London : John 
Legatt, 1638. John Dobson^ Esq. 

2004. Sternhold, Hopkins, &c. The Whole Booke of Psalmes, col- 
lected into English metre. 4to. Cambridge : Thomas Buck 
and Roger Daniel, 1639. John Dob son ^ Esq. 

2005. The Whole Booke of Psalmes. London, 1640. 

EidwardJ. Hopkins^ Esq. 

2006. Barnard, John, the Rev. Selected Church Music. Folio. Lon- 
don : Edward Griffin, 1641. Sacred Harmonic Society . 

2007. Lawes, H. and W. Choice Psalmes. 4to. London : James 
Young, 1648. Sacred Harmonic Society, 

2008. Hilton, John. Catch that Catch can, or A Choice Collection 
of Catches, Rounds, and Canons for 3 or 4 Voyces. Sm. obi. 
4to. London : for John Benson and John Playford, 1652. 

Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

2009. Wilson, John, &c. Select Musicall Ayres and Dialogues. Sm. 
folio. London, 1652. Julian Marsliall^ Esq. 



Cla0s2l f.— printed 9^uja(i^ (feection ill*) 259 

2010. Walton, Izaak. The Compleat Angler. London : T. Maxes, 
1653. Alfred Denison^ Esq. 

2012. Porter, Walter. Mottets of Two Voyces. Sm. folio. London: 
W. Godbid, 1657. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2013. Wilson, John. Psalterium Carolinum. Sm. folio. 1657. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2014. Playford, John. Select Ayres and Dialogues. Sm. folio. Lon- 
don: W. Godbid, 1659. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2015. Courtly Masking Ayres. Sm. obi. 4to. London : W. Godbid, 
1662. Sacred Harvwnic Society. 

2016. Lock, Matthew. Modem Church Music. Folio. London, 

1666. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2018. Playford, J. The Musical Companion. Obi. 4to. London, 

1667. W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2019. Playford, J. The Musical Companion. Another copy. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2020. King, William. Poems of Mr. Cowley and others. Sm. folio. 
Oxford: Wm. Hall, 1668. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2021. Tomkins, Thomas. Musica Deo Sacra. Sm. folio. London: W. 
Godbid, 1668. Sacred Harfnonic Society. 

2022. Lawes, Henry. Select Ayres and Dialogues. Sm. folio. Lon- 
don : W. Godbid, 1669. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2023. Musick's Recreation on the Viol, Lyra-way. Obi. 4to. London : 
W. Godbid, for John Playford, 1669. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2024. Lawes, H. The Treasury of Musick. Folio. London : William 
Godbid, 1669. Charles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 

2025. Playford, J. Psalms and Hymns in Solemn Music in Foure 
Parts. Folio. London : W. Godbid, 167 1. John Dobson, Esq. 



26o CajTton Celebration* 

2026. Locke, M. The English Opera, or the Vocal musick in 
" Psyche ; " with the instrumental therein intermix'd. 4to. Lon- 
don, 1675. W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2027. Locke, M. Another copy. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2028. Choice Ayres. Sm. folio. London : W. Godbid, 1676. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2030. Choice Ayres, Songs and Dialogues. Sm. folio. London, 1683. 

W. H Cummings^ Esq. 

2031. Purcell, Henry. A musical entertainment perform'd on Novem- 
ber XXII, 1683, it being the festival of St. Cecilia. Sm. 4to. 
London : J. Playford, Jun., 1684. W. H Cummings^ Esq. 

2032. A New and Easie Method to Learn to Sing by Book. 8vo. 
London, 1686. W. A. Barrett^ Esq. 

2033. Banquet of Musick. A collection of the newest and best songs 
sung at Court and at Publick Theatres. Sm. folio. London, 
1687. W. H CummingSj Esq. 

2034. A Collection of several Simphonies and Airs in Three Parts ; 

Composed for Violins, Flutes and Hoe-boys. 4to. London : 
Mr. William Nott, 1688. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2035. Vinculum Societatis, or the Tie of Good Company. Sm. folio. 
London, 1688. W. H Cummings, Esq. 

2036. Purcell, Henry. Amphitryon, or the two Sosias. 4to. London, 
1690. W. H. CummingSj Esq. 

2037. Apollo's Banquet for the Violin. Sm. obi. 4to. London : Henry 
Playford, 1690. W. Chappell, Esq. 

2038. Purcell, Henry. The Prophetess, or the History of Dioclesian. 
Folio. London: J. Heptinstall, 1691. 

Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2039. Thesaurus Musicus. Sm. folio. London : J. Heptinstall, 
1693. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2040. Thesaurus Musicus. Another copy. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2041. Playford, Henry. Harmonia Sacra. Sm. folio. London : William 
Pearson and Edward Jones, 1693- 1703. IV. A. Barrett, Esq. 



€la00 Sl.—^vinm ^nait. (Section III.) 261 

2042. PuRCELL, H. Songs to the new play of Don Quixote. Sm. folio. 
London, 1694. PV. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2043. PuRCELL, H. The Indian Queen as it is composed into an 
opera. Sm. folio. London : J. Heptinstall, 1695. 

W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2044. Blow, John. Ode on the death of Mr. Henry Purcell, the words 
by Mr. Dryden. Sm. folio. London, John Playford, 1696. 

W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2045. Purcell, H. Sonatas in four parts. Folio. London : J. 
Heptinstall, 1697. W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2046. Playford, J. The Whole Book of Psalms. 8vo. London : 
J. Heptinstall, 1697. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2047. Purcell, H. A Collection of Ayres composed for the Theatre. 
Sm. folio. London, 1697. IV. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2048. Purcell, H. Orpheus Britannicus. Folio. London : J. Hep- 
tinstall, 1698. Charles Kensington Saiamany Esq. 

2049. Playford, J. Twelve New Songs, Chiefly to encourage William 
Pearson's New London Character. Sm. folio. London : W. 
Pearson, 1699. Sacred Hartnonic Society. 

2050. Blow, J. Amphion Anglicus. Folio. London : William 
Pearson, 1700. Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2051. Purcell, H. Orpheus Britannicus. Folio. London : Henry 
Playford, 1706. Charles Kensington Salamany Esq. 

2052. Harmonia Sacra, or Divine Hymns and Dialogues, composed by 
the best masters of the last and present age. Folio. London : 
William Pearson, 1714. Charles Kensington Salamany Esq. 

2053. Marot & Beze. Les Pseaumes de David, mis en Vers Fran9ois. 
8vo. Londres: Guillaume Pearson, 1722. John Dobsony Esq. 

2054. Green, James. Book of Psalmody. 8vo. London : William 
Pearson, 1725. W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2055. Harmonia perfecta. 8vo. London: William Pearson, 1730. 

W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2056. Keller, Godfrey. Rules for Playing a Thorow-Bass. i2mo. 
Ix)ndon : W. Pearson, 1731. W. A. Barrett y Esq. 



262 Ca;cton Celebration* 

2057. The Boarding School. 8vo. London: J. Watts, 1733. 

IV. If. CummingSy Esq. 

2058. Tans'ur, William. Royal Melody. Obi. 8vo. London: A. 
Pearson, 1739. W. If. Cummings, Esq. 

2059. Tans'ur, William. Sacred Mirth. 8vo. London, 1739. 

W. If. CufnmingSy Esq. 

2060. Collection of Choicest Ballads. Folio. London: Fougt, 1750. 

W. Chappell, Esq. 

2061. Arnold, John. The Compleat Psalmodist. 8vo. London: 
Robert Brown, 1756. W. A. Barrett^ Esq. 

2062. Tans'ur, William, Senior. The Psalm-Singers Jewel. 8vo. 
London, 1759. IV. A. Barrett^ Esq. 

2063. A Short Introduction to Vocal Musick. 4to. London, 1767. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2064. Rameau, Jean Philippe. Treatise of Music. 8vo. London, 
1779. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2065. Plain Chant. Sm. 4to. London: J. P. Coghlan, 1788. 

W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2066. Tattershall, Rev. W. Delchair. Improved Psalmody. 8vo. 
London : H. L. Galabin, 1795. IV. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2067. The Caledonian Musical Repository. Sm. crown 8vo. Lon- 
don : B. Crosby, i8o6.' W. Henderson, Esq. 

2068. Callcott, William. A Musical Grammar. 2nd edition. i2mo. 
London : B. McMillan, 1809. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2069. A Valuable Collection of Sacred Music, adapted to the Various 
Metres in Watts. 8vo. Exeter: J. J. Williams, 18 18. 

/ohn Dobson, Esq. 

2083. Handel, George Frederic. Judas Maccabaeus. Obi. 4to., 4 
octavo pages displayed at once. London : J. A. Novello, 184-. 

Messrs. Novello and Co. 

2070. Moore, Thomas, and Balfe, Michael William. The Irish 
Melodies. Folio. London : J. A. Novello, 1859. 

Messrs. Novello <5r* Co. 

2071. Macfarren, W. Pianoforte Tutor. Folio. London: Hen- 
derson, Rait, and Fenton, 1862. 

Messrs. Henderson, Bait, and Fenton. 



Cla00 if.— Printed 9^u0fc> (Section III.) 263 

2072. Sloper, Lindsay. Pianoforte Tutor. Folio. London : Hen- 
derson, Rait, and Fenton, 1863. 

Messrs, Henderson^ Rait^ and Fenton. 

2073. RiMBAULT, Edward Francis, and Metcalfe, James Powell. The 
Rounds, Catches, and Canons of England. Demy 4to. London : 
Henderson, Rait, and Fenton, 1864. 

Messrs. Henderson^ Rait, and Fenton. 

2074. RiMBAULT, E. F. Old EngHsh Carols. London : Henderson, 
Rait, and Fenton, 1865. Messrs. Henderson, Rait, and Fenton. 

2075. Music of the Divine Liturgy. 4to. London: Henderson, Rait, 
and Fenton, 1869. Messrs. Henderson, Rait, and Fenton. 

2076. Music for the Office of the Holy Eucharist. Imperial 8vo, 
London : Henderson, Rait, and Fenton, 1869. 

Messrs. Henderson, Rait, and Fenton. 

2077. Elliott, J. W. National Nursery Rhymes and Songs. 8vo. 
London: Novello, Ewer, & Co., 1870. Messrs. Novello &* Co. 

2078. Havergal, William Henry. Psalmody, and Century of Chants. 
Fcap. 4to. London : Henderson, Rait, and Fenton, 187 1. 

Messrs, Henderson, Rait, and Fenton. 

2079. Hopkins, Edward John. The Temple Tune Book. 4to. 
London : Henderson, Rait, and Fenton, 187 1. 

Messrs. Henderson, Rait, and Fenton. 

2080. Stainer, John. A Choir Book for the Office of Holy Com- 
munion. 8vo. London: Novello, Ewer, and Co., 1873. 

Messrs. Novello &> Co. 

2081. Barn BY, Joseph. The Hymnary. Imp. 8vo. London: Novello, 
Ewer, & Co., 1874. Messrs. Novello &> Co. 

2082. Meyerbeer, Giacomo. L'Etoile du Nord. 8vo. London : 
Novello, Ewer, & Co., 1877. Messrs. Novello &> Co. 

SCOTLAND. 

2084. The Psalmes of David in Prose and Meeter. Cr. 8vo. Edin- 
burgh : The Heires of Andrew Hart. 1635. ^F. Henderson, Esq. 

2029. Forbes, John. Cantus. Sm.obl. 4to. Aberdeen: John Forbes, 
1682. Sacred Hannonic Society. 

2085. The Melodies of Scotland. 4to. Glasgow : George Brookman, 
1834. IV. A. Barrett, Esq. 



264 Cajcton Celebration* 

2086. Graham, George Farquhar. The Songs of Scotland. Royal 
8vo. Printed from Sinclair's type. Edinburgh : Thomas Con- 
stable, 1848-9. IV. Henderson^ Esq. 

AMERICA. 

2087. The Village Harmony : or, Youth's Assistant to Sacred Music. 
Obi. 8vo. Newburyport: C. Norris and Co., 1815. 

John Dobsoftj Esq. 

2088. Mason, Lowell. The People's Tune Book. Obi. 4to. New 
York, i860. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2089. Gilbert, W. B. The Church Chorister. i2mo. New York, 
1872. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2090. Mason, Luther Whiting. National Music Charts. Folio. Bos- 
ton: Ginn Brothers, 1872. W. II. Cummings, Esq. 

AUSTRIA. 

2091. Liszt, Franz. Missa Solennis. Viennae Austriacorum Typis Caes. 
Reg. Status Officinae. Large folio. 1859. Messrs. Novello and Co. 

DENMARK. 

2092. BoERCHGREVEiNCK, Melchior. Giardino novo bellissimo. Madri- 
gah. 4to. Copenhagen : Henry Waltkirck, 1606. 

Her Majesty the Queen. 

FRANCE. 

2092.*Marot and Beze. Cent Cinquante Pseaumes de David, mis en 
rime Fran^oise. 8vo. Caen : Pierre Philippe, 1563. 

yohnDobson, Esq. 

2093. Jambe de Fer, Philibert. Les cl. Pseaumes de David — Musique 
\. quatre et \ cinq parties. Obi. 4to. Lyons : Antoine Cercia et 
Pierre de Mia, 1564. yohn Dobson, Esq. 

2094. De L'Estocart, Paschal. Cent Cinquante Pseaumes de David — 
Musique k Quatre, Cinq, Six, Sept, et Huit Parties. Obi. 4to. 
Lyons: Barthelemi Vincent, 1583. John Dobson, Esq, 

2095. Le J eune, Claude. Dodecacorde. Obi. 4to. Rochelle, 1598. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2096. Lasso, Orlando di. Missa Dixit Joseph. Large folio. Paris : 
Pierre Ballard, 1607. Sacred Harmonic Society. 



€h^^ Sf—^vinm 9^u0fc. (Sectfon ill.) 265 

2097. Le Jeune, Claude. Pseaumes. Sm. 4to. Paris : Pierre Ballard, 
1608. Her Majesty the Queen. 

2098. Amphion Sacre. Recueilly de quelques excellens Musiciens de 
ce temps — \ 4 et 5 voix. Sm. obi. 4to. Lyons : Louis Muguet, 
1615. yulian Marshall^ Esq. 

2099. LivRE yme. des Chansons. Obi. 4to. Douay : Jean Bogart, 
1 6 1 7. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2100. Recueil de Chansons. 8vo. Paris : Robert Ballard, 1644. 

W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

2101. Le Jeune, C. 150 Psalms. Obi. 8vo. Paris: R. Ballard, 1650. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2102. DuMONT, Henri. Motets k deux Voix. 4to. Paris: R.Ballard, 
1668. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2103. XIX. Livre de diff^rents Auteurs. Obi. 8vo. Paris: C. Ballard, 
1676. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2104. LuLLi, Jean Baptiste. Proserpine. Folio. Paris: Christophe 
Ballard, 1680. Her Majesty the Queen. 

2105. NouvELLE M^thode pour apprendre le Plain Chant 8vo. 
Rouen : Seyer and Behrout, 1699. W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2106. Masson, C. Nouveau Traits des regies pour la Composition de 
la Musique. 8vo. Paris : Christopher Ballard, 1699. 

M. Gustave Chouqutt. 

2107. Destouches, Andr^, Cardinal. Amadis de Grece. Obi. 4to. 
Paris: Christopher Ballard, 1699. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2108. De la Noue, Sauv^. CEuvres de Theatre. i2mo. Paris: 
Duchesne, 1765. M. Gustave Chouquet. 

2109. Anthologie Fran^oise, ou Chansons Choisies depuis le i3me 
Si^cle jusqu'k present. 8vo. Paris, 1765. 

Charles K. Salaman^ Esq. 

2 1 10. Antiphonarium Romanum. Large folio. Paris: Augustinum- 
Martinum Lottin, 1780. W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

21 1 1. Berquin, M. Romances. 12 mo. Paris: De I'imprimerie de 
Monsieur, 1788. Charles Letts^ Esq. 



266 Carton Celebration. 

21 12. Gretry, Andr^ E. M. M^thode Simple pour apprendre h 
prouder. 8vo. Paris : De L'imprimerie de la Republique, 
An X. (1802). IV. A. Barrett, Esq. 

21 13. Gretry, A. E. M. M^thode Simple. Sm. 8vo. Paris, An X. 
(1802). W. A. Barrett, Esq, 

2 1 14. Chants Chretiens. 8vo. Paris, 1837. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

21 15. Les PsEAUMES de David. Fcap. 8vo. Paris, 1856. 

Richard Bedhead, Esq. 

2 1 16. Cantus Passionis. Large 4to. Paris : Simon Bacon, c. i860. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2 1 1 7. Elwart, a. Petit Traits D'Instrumentation. Sm. 8vo. Paris, 
Ch. Noblet, 1862. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

21 18. TiRON, Alex. Etudes sur la Musique Grecque. 8vo. Paris: 
Imprimerie Imperiale, 1866. M. Gustave Chouquet. 

21 19. Wekerlin, J. D. Opuscules sur la Chanson Populaire. 8vo. 
Paris: J. Baur, 1874. M. Gustave Chouquet. 

Specimens of old types of Le Be, Pierre Ballard, and Robert Ballard. 

GERMANY. 

2120. Luther, Martinus. Deudsche Messe und Ordnung Gottes 
diensts. 410. Wittemberg, 1526. John Dob son, Esq. 

21 2 1. KiRCHENGESANNG, Teutsch und Lateinisch. Folio. Niirnberg: 
Johann vom Berg und Ulrich Neuber, 1557. John Dobson, Esq. 

2122. PsALMEN und Geystliche Lieder welche von Frommen Christen 
gemacht und zusamen gelesen sind. 8vo. Niirnberg : Valentin 
Newber, 1563. John Dobson, Esq. 

2123. KiRCHENGESANNG Teutsch und Lateinisch, davon in Newburgis- 
cher und Zweybruckischer Gleichformiger Kirchenordnung Mel- 
dung gechicht. Folio. Niirnberg : Dieterich Gerlatz, 1570. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2 1 24. Lasso, Orlando di. Patrocinium Musices. Missae aliquot quinque 
vocum. Secunda pars. Large folio. Monachii, Ad. Berg. 
1574. Rev. Sir Frederick A. Gore Ousel ey, Bart. 

2125. Lasso, Orlando di. Patrocinium Musices. Missae aliquot quinque 
vocum. Large folio. Monachii, Ad. Berg. 1589. 

Rev. Sir Frederick A. Gore Ouseley, Bart. 



Cla00 f^— i^nnteti ^u^iu (feection III.) 267 

2126. Vecchi, Horatio. Convivium Musicale. 4to. Nuremburg : 
Paul Kauffmann, 1598. Her Majesty the Queen. 

2127. Crock, Joanne. Septem Psalmi Poenitentiales sex vocum. 
Norimbergce : C. Kauffmann, 1599. Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

2128. Nesero, Johanne. Hymni Sacri Melodijs & Numeris Musicis 
compositi & coUecti. 8vo. Wittebergae : Zacharias Lehman, 
1600. John Dobson, Esq. 

2129. Hasler, Leo. Cantiones Sacrae. 4to. Nuremberg: Paul 
Kauffmann, 1607. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2130. Ambrosium Lobwasser. Die Psalmen Davids, in Teutch 
Reymen, &c. 24mo. Hanau : Michael Schufelberger, 1650. 

John Dobson^ Esq. 

2 131. Dreszdenisch Gesangbuch Christlicher Psalmen und Kirchen- 
lieder. 4to. Dresden : Christian und Melchior Bergen, 1656. 

John Dobson, Esq. 

2132. LusT-UND Artzeney Garten des Koniglichen Propheten Davids 
Das ist Der gantze Psalter. 8vo. Regenspurg : Christoff Fis- 
chem, 1675. John Dobson^ Esq. 

2133. Geist und Lehr-reiches Kirchen und Haus-Buch — mit Noten 
und Unterlegtem Bass. 4to. Dresden : Christophoro Matthesio, 
1694. Her Majesty the Queen. 

2134. Geist und Lehr-reiches Kirchen und Haus-Buch. Another 
copy. John Dob son ^ Esq. 

2135. Wagenseil, John Christian. De libera civitate Noribergensi Com- 
mentatio. 4to. Nuremberg: Wilhelm Kohles, 1697. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2136. Mattheson, Johann. Grosse General-Bass Schule. 4to. Ham- 
burg: Johann Christoph Kissners, 1731. 

W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2137. Mattheson, J. Melodisches Wissenschafdt. 4to. Hamburg: 
Christian Herold, 1737. W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2138. Mattheson, J. Der Vollkommene Capellmeister. Folio. 
Hamburg : Christian Herold, 1739. Alfred H. Littletony Esq. 



268 Cajcton Celebcatfom 

2139. Storls, Johann Georg Christian. Weyland Hoch-Fiirstlich- 
Wiirtembergischen Capell-Meisters und Stiffts-Organisten, Neu- 
bezogenes Davidisches Harpfen-und Psalter-Spiel. Obi. 4to. 
Stuttgardt: Johann Benedict Metzler, 1744. John Dobson^ Esq. 

2140. Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel. Oden mit Melodien. Obi. 4to. 
Leipzig: Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf, 1762. 

Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

2 141. Catalogo delle Sinfonie. 8vo. Leipzig: Giovanno Gottlob, 
Immanuel Breitkopf, 1762. Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 

2142. Mozart, Leopold. Violin Schule. Sm. folio. Augsburg: 
Jacob Lotter, 1769. W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

2143. Breitkopf, Bernard Theodor. Neue Lieder. Obi. 4to. Leipzig: 
Bernhard Christoph Breitkopf und Sohn, 1770. 

Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 

2145. Bach, C. P. E. Heilig mit zwei Choren und einer Ariette. Large 
folio. Hamburg, 1779. W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

2146. Telemann, George Michael. Beytrag zur Kirchen Musik. 
Folio. Konigsberg und Leipzig : Gottlieb Lebrecht Hartung, 
1785. Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2147. Bach, C. P. E. Resurrection. Folio. Leipzig: Breitkopf, 1787. 

W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2433. E. T. P. A. Talestri. Full score. Obi. folio. Leipzig: 
Bernard Christoph Breitkopf und Sohn. 17 — . 

Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 

2148. Mozart, W. A. Requiem. Full score. Obi. Leipzig: 
Breitkopf and Hartel, 1800. Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 

2149. Neu Verbessertes und vermehrtes Vesperbuch auf Noten, nach 
den romischen Antiphonal. 3 2 mo. Luxemburg : Schmit- 
Briick, 184-. Messrs. Novello and Co. 

2150. Proske, Carolus. Musica Divina. 4to. Ratisbon : Frideric 
Postet, 1853. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2169. Von Kochel, Dr. Ludwig Ritter. Kronologisch-Thematisches 
Vezeichniss sammtlicher Tonwerke Wolfgang Amade Mozart's. 
8vo. Leipzig: Breitkopf and Hartel, 1862. 

Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 

2144. Bohme, Franz M. Altdeutsches Liederbuch. 8vo. Leipzig: 
Breitkopf and Hartel, 1877. Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 



€la00 jf.— pcinteD ^u0ic* (Section IIL) 269 



HOLLAND. 

2 15 1. Il Helicone. Madrigali. Obi. 4to. Antwerp: P. Phalesia, 
1 6 1 6. Sacred Hartnonic Society. 

2152. 'T Groot Hoorns, Enkhuyzer, Alkmaarder un Purmerender 
Liede-Boek. 32mo. Amsterdam : Johannes Kannewet, c. 1620. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2153. Amsterdamse Pegasus. Sm. obi. 4to. Amsterdam: Cornells 
Willanssen, 1627. Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2154. De CL. PsALMEN. 8vo. Amsterdam: Hendrick Laurenz, 1629. 

W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2155. Le Jeune, Claude. Les Pseaumes de David — avec la Musicque. 
i2mo. Leyden : Justus Livius, 1633. John Dobson, Esq. 

2156. Starter, J. J. Friesche Lust-Hof, beplant met verscheyden 
stichtelijke Minne-Liedekens. Sm. obi. 4to. Amsterdam, 1634. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2157. Starter, J. J. Friesche Lust-Hof. Another copy. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2158. Gastoldi, Giovanni Giachomo. Ballets. Obi. 4to. Amsterdam, 
1648. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2159. Prins, H. J. Medenblicher Scharve Zoodtje. Sm. obi. 
Medenblick, 1650. W, H Cummings, Esq. 

2160. Porta, Francesco della. Cantiones. 4to. Antwerp: M. Phalesia, 
1650. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2 161. Meibomius, Marcus. Antiquse Musicae auctores septem. Sm. 
4to. Amsterdam: Lud. Elzevir, 1652. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2162. De CL PsALMEN Davids. 32mo. Dordrecht, 1683. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2163. Brossard, Sebastian. Dictionaire de Musique. 8vo. Amster- 
dam : Etienne Roger, 1709. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2164. Les Pseaumes de David. Sm. 8vo. Amsterdam: Charles 
Wetsteins, 17 10. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2165. Triemer, J. Z. A New Version of the Psalms of David — set to 
Music. 8vo. Amsterdam : Antony Bruyn, 1753. 

John Dobson, Esq. 



270 Cajctoit Celebration. 

2166. Les PsEAUMES DE David. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1780. 

R, Redhead, Esq. 

2167. Hex BoEK DER PsALMEN. i2mo. Amsterdam, 1787. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2168. A Selection of Hymns for the use of the English Reformed 
Church at Amsterdam. i2mo. Haarlem : John Enschedd and 
Sons, 1 82 1. John Dobson, Esq. 

2170. Hex BoEK DER PsALMEN. 32mo. Amsterdam, 1865. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

INDIA. 

2171. Day, William. Sacred Harmony, or a Selection from the New 
Version — Fitted to the Tunes used in Churches. 8vo. Madras : 
Constantine Sampie, 18 18. John Dohson, Esq. 

2172. Tagore, Souvindro Mohun. 50 Stanzas in Sanskrita. Large 8vo. 
Calcutta: J. C. Bose & Co., 1875. 

Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2173. Tagore, Sourindro Mohun. Songs of Jazudera. Sm. folio. 
Calcutta : Central Press Company, 1875. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2174. Tagore, Sourindo Mohun. English Verses set to Hindu Music. 
8vo. Calcutta: J. N. Chore, 1875. 

Charles Kensington Sala?nan, Esq. 

2175. Krishna Dhana Banerjea. Native Bengalee Instruction Book 
for the Setar. Folio. Calcutta : J. C. Bose & Co. 

Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

ITALY. 

2176. Arcadelt, Giaches. Madrigali. Sm. obi. Venice: Plinio Pietra- 
santa, 1557. W. H. Cummings, Esq, 

2177. WiLLAERT, Adrian. Musica Nova. 4to. Venice: F. Rampa- 
gello, 1558. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2178. Zarlino, Gioseffo. Le Institutioni Harmoniche. Sm. folio. 
Venice: F. Semel, 1562. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2179. Willaert, a. Sacri e Santi Salmi. 4to. Venice: F. Rampa- 
gello, 1565. Sacred Harmonic Society. 



Cla052f Jf.— printeti 9^n0ic. (Section ill.) 271 

2180. Animuccia, Joannis, Magistri Cappellae Sacrosanctae Basilicae 
Vaticanae. Missarum Liber primus. Large folio. Romae : apud 
Haeredes Valerii e Aloysii Doriconim Fratnim Brixiensum, 1567. 

Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq. 

2 181. FiORiNi, Gaspare. La Nobilta di Roma, 4to. Venice: Girolamo 
Scotto, 1573. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2182. SiTiBUNDO, Guilemo. Antiphonae ad Magnificat. 4to. Venice: 
J. Barilettum, 1574. Her Majesty the Quee?i. 

2183. Palestrina, Giovanni Pier Luigi. Motecta Festorum Totius 
Anni. Obi. 4to. Venice : A. Gardano, 1585. 

Sacred Harmonic Society, 

2184. Gabrieli, Andrea. II secundo libro di Madrigali a sei Voci. 
Sm. 4to. Venice : Angelo Gardano, 1586. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2185. Marenzio, Luca. Madrigali. 4to. Venice: G. Vincenzi, 1586. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2186. Marenzio, Luca. Madrigali kQuatro Voci. Sm. 4to. Venice: 
Ricciardo Amadino, 1587. Alfred H Littleton, Esq. 

2187. Zacconi, Ludovico. Prattica di Musica. Sm. folio. Venice, 1592. 

Alfred H Littleton, Esq. 

2188. Galilei, Vincentio. Dialogo della Musica Antica e Modema. 
Folio. Florence, 1602. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2189. Scaletta, Orazio. Cetra Spirituale. 4to. Milan, 1605. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2190. Venosa, Carlo Gesualdo. Principe de Madrigali. Folio. Genoa: 
G. Pavoni, 161 3. Her Majesty the Qu^en. 

An early instance of printing in score. 

2 191. Venosa, C. G. Another copy. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2192. MoNTEVERDE, Claudio. L'Orfeo, Favola in Musica. Folio. 
Venice : Ricciardo Amadino, 16 15. Her Majesty the Qtuen. 

2193. Trabaci, Gio. Maria. II secondo libro de Ricercate & altri 
varij Capricci. Folio. Naples, 1615. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2194. Severi. Salmi. Rome, 1615. Sacred Hannonic Society. 



272 Cajcton Celebration* 

2195. Frescobaldi, Girolamo. Ricercari e Canzoni Franzese fatte 
sopra diversi oblighi in partitura. Folio. Rome : Bartolomeo 
Zannetti, 16 18. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2196. BoNAFFiNO, Filippo. Madrigali Concertate. 4to. Messina : 
Pietro Brea, 1623. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2197. Caraccio, Gio. Sudori Musicali. Folio. Venice: Gardano, 
1626. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2198. Carrate, Maritio. II primo libro di MottetL Obi. 4to. Venice: 
Gardano, 1647. Miss Mounsey. 

2199. RovETTO, Gio. Motetti. 4to. Venice: Alesandro Vincenti, 
1650. W. H. CummingSf Esq. 

2200. Strozzi, Barbara. Cantate, ariete a una, due, e tre voci. Opera 
Terza. Folio. Venice : Gardano, 1654. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2201. Bagatti, Francesco. Concerti Ecclesiastici. 4to. Milan: Gio. 
Francesco, 1662. Her Majesty the Queen. 

2202. FoNTANA, Fabritio.^ Ricercari. Folio. Rome : Gio. Anglo 
Mutio, 1677. * Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2203. CoLONNA, Giovanni. Messa. 4to. Bologna : G. Monti, 1685. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2204. BoNONCiNi, Gio. Maria. Musico Prattico. 4to. Bologna : 
Giacomo Monti, 1688. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2205. Penna, Lorenzo. Le primi albori Musicali. Sm. 4to. Bologna: 
Pier-Maria Monti, 1696. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2206. Bassani, Gioan. Battista. Salmi. 4to. Venice : Gioseppe Sala, 
1697. IV. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2207. Gasparini, Francesco. L'Armonico pratico al cimbalo. 4to. 
Venice, 1708. JV. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2208. CizzARDi, L. M. II Tutto in poco. Folio. Parma, 171 1. 

Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2209. Presepi Presipio. Sacri trattenimenti. 8vo. Florence, 1722. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2210. Marcello, Benedetto. Salmi. Large folio. Venice: Fortu- 
niano Rosati, 1726. Her Majesty the Queen. 



Claj2?0 iF*— ^tinteli 95u0ic> (feettion iv.) 273 

221 1. Sabbatini, F. Luigi Ant La Vera Idea delle Musical! Numeriche. 
Sm. folio. Venice, 1799. Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

2212. Alfieri, Pietro. Saggio storico Teorico pratico del Canto Gre- 
goriano e Romano. Rome, 1835. Messrs, Novello &> Co. 

2213. BiROM. Sonate. Bologna: P. M. Monti, n. d. 

Sabred Harmonic Society. 

SWITZERLAND. 

2214. Sternhold, Hopkins. The Whole Booke of Psalmes, Collected 
into English Metre. 4to. Geneva: John Crespin, 1568. 

John Dobson^ Esq. 

2215. Marot and Beze. Les Pseaumes de David, Mis en rime 
Frangoise. 8vo. Geneva: Jean de Tournes, 161 1. 

John Dobson^ Esq. 

2216. Les Pseaumes de David. Lausanne, 1824. 

W. H. CummingSy Esq. 



Section IV. 

TABLATURE AND OTHER MODIFICATIONS 
OF NOTATION. 

ENGLAND. 

2217. 

B^SSaRLEY, William. A new book of Tabliture, containing sundrie 
n ^Sj ^2&\q. and familiar Instructions. Sm. obi. 4to. London : 

BIJwJI ^o'* William Barley, 1596. Julian Marshall ^ Esq. 

2218. Barley, W. A new book of Tabliture. Another copy. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2219. DouLAND, Robert. A Musicall Banquet. Folio. London : 
Thomas Adams, 16 10. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2220. Corkine, William. Ayres to sing and play to the Lute. Folio. 
London : William Stansby (?), 1610. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

T 



J174 Ca;ctoit Celebcatfon* 

2221. Campian, Thomas. The Third and Fourth Booke of Ayres. 
Folio. London, r. 1 612. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2222. Tailour, Robert. Sacred Hymns. Consisting of Fifti Select 
Psalms of David and others, paraphrastically turned into English 
verse. And set to be sung in five parts, as also to the Viole 
and Lute, or Orph-arion. 4to. London : Thomas Snodham,. 
1 61 5. Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq. 

2223. Musick's Recreation on the Ljnra VioL Obi. 4to. London: 
John Playford, 1652. W. Chappell, Esq. 

2224. Playford, John. Musick's Delight on the Cithren. Obi. 4to. 
London : W. G., 1666. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2225. Youth's Delight on the Flageolet. Sm. obi. London : John 
Clarke, c. 1670. W. Chappell, Esq. 

2226. Mace, Thomas. Musick's Monument. Folio. London : T. 
Ratcliffe and N. Thompson, 1676. Alfred H. Littleton^ Esq. 

2227. Simpson, Christopher. A Compendium of Practical Musick. 
Sm. 8vo. London, 1678. W. A. Barrett ^ Esq. 

2228. De la Fond, John Francis. A New System of Music 8vo. 
London, 1725. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2229. Steele, Joshua. An Essay. 4to. London, 1775. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2230. Glover, Sarah A. Manual of the Tetrachordal System. 32mo. 
Norwich, c. 1840. W. A. Barrett^ Esq, 

2231. Taylor, Sedley. Proposed improved Notation. Sm. 8vo. Lon- 
don, 1875. C. K. Salaman^ Esq. 

2232. GALiN-Paris-Chevd Elementary Course of Vocal Music. Sm. 
4to. 1877. F.E. B. Bullen, Esq. 

SCOTLAND. 

2233. Daxjney, William. Ancient Scottish Melodies. Sm. 4to. Edin- 
burgh : The Edinburgh Printing and Publishing Company, 1838. 

IV. Henderson^ Esq. 

2234. Baptie, D. The Union School-Song Garland. Square 8vo. 
Glasgow: W. Hamilton, 1874. W. A. Barrett ^ Esq. 

Printed in Hamilton's patent " Union" musical notation. 



Clajaf^ jf.—^vinm 9^u0fc* (feettfon IV,) 275 

CHINA. 

2235. Ch* in P'u : Music for the Lute. 8vo. 1802. 

Alfred H, Littleton, Esq. 

FRANCE. 

2236. BoESSET, A. Airs de Cour avec la Tablature de Luth. 4to. 
Paris, 1624. 

2237. CoRBETT, Francisque. La Guitarre Royale. Tablature engraved 
on copper by H. Bonneuil. Paris, 167 1. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2238. Rousseau. Nouveaux signes pour la Musique. Paris, 1782. 

W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

GERMANY. 

2239. Heckel, Wolf. Lautten Buch. Obi. 4to. Strasbourg, 1562. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2240. Straube, Rudolfo. Due Senate \ Liuto Solo. Obi. 4to. 
Leipzig: Engraved by Schonemann, 1746. 

Julian Marshall, Esq. 

HOLLAND. 

2241. Valerius, Adrianus. Nederlandtsche Gedenck-Clanck. Obi. 
4to. Haarlem, 1626. Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

ITALY. 

2242. Caroso (da Sermonela), Fabritio. II Ballarino. 4to. Venice: 
Francesco Ziletti, 1581. Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2243. Kapsberger, Gio. Girolamo. Arie, Villanelle, Motetti, &c 
Shl folio. Rome, 1604-12. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2244. Carosa. Nobilta di Dama. 8vo. Venice : Muschio, 1605. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2245. Martini, Giambatista. Storia della Musica. Bologna, 1757. 

Messrs. NoveUo &» Co, 

Music Printed in Tonic Sol-fa Notation. 

2246. Arabic Tunes and Hymns. Messrs. J. Curwen and Sons. 

Collection of tunes printed in the tonic sol-fa notation in Arabic character. 

2247. Japanese Tunes. Messrs. J. Curuien and Sons. 

Collection of tunes printed in the tonic sol-fa notation in Japanese character. 



%j6 €axton Celebration^ 

2248. Tonic Sol-fa Exercises. Messrs./. Curwen and Sons. 

Music printed for the use of the blind, 

2249. Specimen Sheet Messrs./. Curwen and Sons. 

Tonic sol-fa music founts in present use for bookwork. 

2250. Specimen Sheet Messrs./ Curwen and Sons. 

Tonic sol-fa music foimts in present use for wall sheets, &c. 

2251. The Sol-fa Tune Book. 1841. Messrs./. Curwen and Sons. 

The first book of tunes printed in the tonic sol-fa notation. 

2252. Manual of Music for the Young. Messrs./ Curwen and Sons. 

Tonic sol-fa instruction book in Chinese, by Rev. C. Douglas. 

2253. Introduction to the Music of the West 

Messrs. / Curwen and Sons. 
An account of the ordinary staff notation for Chinese. 

2254. Tunes and Hymns that Nourish the Heart. 

Messrs. / Curwen and Sons. 
A collection of tonic sol-fa music adapted to Chinese readers. 

2255. Colleccion de Himnos Cristianos. Messrs./ Curwen and Sons. 

Tonic sol-fa hymns and tunes in Spanish, printed at Madrid. 

2256. TiONA sy Fihirana. Messrs./ Curwen and Sons. 

Tonic sol-fa hymn and tune book printed at Antananarivo, Madagascar, by 
the London Missionary Society. 



Section V. 
MUSIC PRINTED FROM ENGRAVED PLATES. 

ENGLAND. 

2257. 
YRD, William, Bull, John, and Gibbons, Orlando. Parthenia, 
or the Maydenhead of the first musick ever printed for 
the Virginalls. Sm. folio. London : Hole, sculpt, i6ii. 

Her Majesty the Queen. 

2258. Byrd, William, Bull, J, and Gibbons, O. Parthenia. Another 
copy. /ulian Marshall^ Esq. 




Cla00 if.— prmteU 9^0it. (feectfoti v,) 277 

2259. Slatyer, W. The Psalmes of David in 4 Languages and in 
4 Parts, set to ye Tunes of our Church. i2mo. London: 
Thomas Harper, 1643. /o/in Dobson, Esq. 

2 259*.Child, William. Choise Musick. Sm. obi. folio. London, 
John Playford, 1656. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2260. Simpson, Christopher. The Division- Violist. Folio. London : 
William Godbid, 1659. Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

2017. Simpson, Christopher. The Division Violist. Another copy. 

W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

2261. Musick's Hand-maide presenting New and Pleasant Lessons for 
the Harpsycon. Sm. obi. 4to. London: for John Playford, 
1663. Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

2262. Salmon, Thomas. Essay to the Advancement of Music. Sm. 
8vo. London : J. Macock, 1672. W.H. Cummings^ Esq. 

2263. Locke, Matthew. Melothesia. Obi. 4to. London, 1673. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2264. Locke, M. Present Practice of Musick Vindicated. Sm. 8vo. 
London : N. Brooke, 1673. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2265. Bowman, Henry. Songs for Two and Three Voices. Folio. 
Oxford, 1677. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2266. Playford, John. The Whole Book of Psalms. London, 1677. 

Edward J. Hopkins^ Esq. 

2267. Bowman, Henry. Songs. Folio. Engraved by Richard Davis. 
Oxford, 1679. Sacred Hartnonic Society. 

2268. PuRCELL, Henry. Sonnatas of Three Parts. Folio. Engraved 
by Tho. Cross, Junior. London: J. Playford, 1683. 

W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

2269. The Delightful Companion for the Recorder or Flute. Obi. 
4to. London : Playford, 1686. W. Chappelly Esq. 

2270. PuRCELL, H. New Songs in the Third Part of The Comical 
History of Don Quixote. Sm. folio. London, 1696. 

Sacred Harmonic Society, 

2271. PuRCELL, H. Choice Collection of Lessons for the Harpsi- 
chord or Spinnet. Obi. 8vo. Westminster : Mrs. Frances Pur- 
cell, 1696. W. H. Cummings y Esq. 

2272. PuRCELL, Daniell. Psalms set full for the Organ. Obi. 410. 
London, 1701. IV. H Cummings, Esq. 

2273. EccLES, J no. General Collection of Songs. Folio. London : 
J. Walsh, 1703. IV. H. Cummings, Esq. 



278 Ca;cton Celebration* 

2274. Blow, William, and Purcell, H. A Choice Collection of Les- 
sons. Obi. 4to. London, 1705. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2275. Clayton, Thomas. Songs in the New Opera called Arsino^, 
Queen of Cyprus. Folio. London : J. Walsh, 1705. 

Charles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 

2276. SiRis, P. The Art of Dancing. 4to. London, 1706. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2277. Isaac, Mr., and Weaver, John. A Collection of Ball-Dances 
performed at Court. 4to. London: J. Vaillant, 1706. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2278. BoNONCiNL Songs in the New Opera of Camilla. Folio. Lon- 
don: John CuUen, 1707. Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2279. Reading, John. Book of New Songs. Folio. London : Bra- 
bazon Aylmer, r. 1709. W. II. Cummings, Esq. 

2280. Reading, John. Book of New Anthems. 4to. Engraved by 
P. Bates. London, c. 1709. W. H, CummingSy Esq. 

2281. CoRELLi, Arcangelo. The Score of the Twelve Concertos. Large 
folio. Engraved " with the utmost correctness" by Tho. Cross. 
London, r. 1710. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2282. Clarke, Jeremiah. Choice Lessons for the Harpsichord or 
Spinett. Obi. 4to. London : C. King, J. Young, and J. Hare, 
1 7 1 1. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2283. Handel, George Frederic. Arie dell' Opera di Rinaldo. Folio. 
London : J. Walsh, 171 1. Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2284. Babell, William. Suits of the most Celebrated Lessons. Folio. 
London, c. 1 7 1 2. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2285. Croft, William. Musicus Apparatus Academicus. Folio. 
London : Engraven by Thomas Atkins, 17 13. 

Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2286. Handel, G. F. Suite des pieces pour le Clavecin. Obi. folio. 
London ; Cluer, 1720. Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2287. Handel, G. F. Floridant, an Opera. Folio. London: J. Walsh, 
1720. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2288. Hine, William. Harmonia Sacra Glocestriensis. Folio. 
Gloucester, c. 1720. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 



Cla00 f.— prmteu a^u^ic. (feemoit v,) 279 

2289. BoNONCiNi, Giovanni. Cantate e Duetti. Obi. folio. London, 
1 72 1. W. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2290. Jacobi, John Christian. Psalmodia Germanica; or, a Specimen 
of Divine Hymns, with their Proper Tunes and Thorough Bass. 
8vo. London: J.Young, 1722. John Dobson^ Esq. 

2291. BoNONCiNi, Giovanni. Funeral Anthem. Folio. Engraved by 
T. Cross. London : Richard Meares, 1722. 

W, H. Cummings, Esq. 

2292. Church, John. An Introduction to Psalmody. Svo. London, 
Engraved by T. Cross for R. Meares, 1723. John Dobson, Esq. 

2293. Carey, Henry. Cantatas. Folio. London, 1724. 

W. H. CummingSj Esq. 

2294. Croft, William. Musica Sacra. Folio. 1724. 

Edward J. Hopkins, Esq. 

2295. Leveridge, Richard. A Collection of Songs. Svo. London, 
1727. W. H. Cum?nings, Esq. 

2296. Pepusch, John Christopher. Beggar's Opera. Svo. London : 
J. Watts, 172S. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2297. Hart, Philip. The Morning Hymn from the Fifth Book of 
Milton's Paradise Lost. Folio. Engraved by Cross. London, 
1728-9. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2298. Pepusch, J. C. The Beggar's Opera. 4to. London : John 
Watts, 1729. Alfred ff. Littleton, Esq. 

2299. Hart, Philip. Fugues for the Organ or Harpsichord, with Lessons 
for the Harpsichord. Obi. folio. Engraved by Thomas Cross, 
Senior. London, c. 1730. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2300. RosEiNGRAVE, Thomas. Voluntarys and Fugues made on purpose 
for the Organ or Harpsicord. Folio. Engraved by T. Cross, 
Senior. London, c. 1730. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2301. Prelleur, Peter. Modem Musick Master. 4to. Engraved by 
J. Smith. London, 1731. IV.If. Cummings, Esq. 

2302. Carey, H. Six Cantatas. Obi. 4to. London, 1732. 

Julian Marshall, Esq. 



28o Caj:toa €z\thtation. 

2303. ToMLiNSON, Kellom. The Art of Dancing explained by Reading 
and Figures. Sm. folio. London, 1735. 

Alfred If. Littleton, Esq. 

2304. MusiCK. Folio. London: Bickham, 1737. 

Mrs. Bartholomew. 

2305. Songs in the Opera of Flora. 8vo. London, 1737. Engraved by 
G. Bickham, Junior. Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2306. Lampe, John Frederick. Songs and Duetts in the burlesque 
Opera called The Dragon of Wantley. Folio. London: John 
Walsh, 1737. Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2307. Lampe, J. F. The Musical Entertainer. Folio. Engraved by 
George Bickham, Junior. London, 1737. 

Sacred Harmonic Society. 

2308. The Chaplet. 8vo. London: Walsh, 1738. 

Her Majesty the Queen. 

2309. Amaryllis. 8vo. London: M. Cooper, r. 1738. 

Her Majesty the Queen. 

2310. Scarlatti, Domenico. xlii. Suites de Pieces. Obi. 4to. Lon- 
don : B. Cooke, 1738. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

231 1. Blow, John, and others. Thesaurus Musicus. Folio. London, 
1738. IV. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2312. Calliope, or English Harmony. A Collection of the most cele- 
brated English and Scots Songs. [" Printed on a fine Paper on 
each side, which renders the Undertaking more compleat than 
anything of the kind ever Published."] 8vo. Engraved on 
copper by Henry Roberts. London, 1739. 

Alfred H Littleton, Esq. 

2313. Geminiani, Francesco. Sonate k Violino e Basso. Large folio. 
London, 1739. W, A. Barrett, Esq 

2314. Handel, G. F. Suites des Pieces pour le Clavecin. Obi. 4to. 
London : J. Walsh, ^.1740. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2315. CoRELLi, Archangelo. 12 Sonatas or Solos for a Violin or Bass- 
Violin or Harpsichord. Folio. London : John Walsh, c. 1 740. 

Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 



Cla00 JF^— pcinteti 9^u0ic. (Section V,) 281 

2316. Handel, G. F. Six Concertos for the Harpsichord or Organ. 
Folio. London : John Walsh, 1740. 

Charles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 

2317. Geminiani, Francesco. 12 Solos for a Violin with a thorough 
Bass for the Harpsichord or Bass Violin. London : J. Walsh, c. 
1 740. Charles Kensington Salanian^ Esq. 

2318. Arne, Thomas Augustin. Rule Britannia. Folio. London: 
Henry Waylett, 1741. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2319. Paradies, Domenico. Sonate di gravicembalo. Folio. Lon- 
don : John Johnson, c. 1747. Her Majestu the Queen. 

2320. MusARUM Brittanicarum Thesaurus : or, a choice collection of 
English songs, dialogues and catches for two, three, and four voices, 
in score. Sm. obi. 4to. Waltham, Leicestershire : William East, 
1 748. Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 

2321. East, William. The Voice of Melody. Obi. folio. Waltham, 
Leicestershire, 1750. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2322. Marcello, Benedetto. The first Fifty Psalms, adapted to the 
English version by John Garth. Folio. London, 1757. En- 
graved by Thomas Baker. Messrs. Cocks and Co. 

2323. Arne, T. A. Monthly Melody. Folio. 1760. Engraved by 
R. Alderman. London : G. Kearsly. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2324. Boyce, William. Cathedral Music. Large folio. London, 1760. 

W. H. CuinmingSy Esq. 

2325. Hayes, William. Catches, Canons, and Glees. Obi. folio. 
Oxford, 1763. W. H. Cufnmings, Esq. 

2326. Bremner, Robert. Rudiments of Music. 8vo. London, 1763. 

W. If. CummingSy Esq. 

2327. Mozart, J. G. Wolfgang. Sonates pour le Clavecin. (Euvre IL 
Obi. folio. London : Bremner, c. 1764. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2328. Waring, William. The Complete Dictionary of Music. Trans- 
lated from the original French of Mons. J. J. Rousseau. Royal 
8vo. London, c. 1770. IV. Henaerson, Esq. 

2329. Psalms, Hymns, and Anthems used in the Chapel ol the Hospital 
for the Maintenance and Education of Young Children. 8vo. 
London, 1774. W. A. Barrett, Esq 



28a Cajcton Celebration. 

2330. Smith, Stafford John. Collection of English Songs. Folio. 
Engraved by Johannis Scherer. London : J. Bland, 1779. 

IV. H. CummingSy Esq. 

2331. The Organist's Pocket Companion. London, 17 — . 

Edward/. Hopkins^ Esq. 

2332. Stevens, Richard John Samuel. Sacred Music. Folio. Lon- 
don, 1804. W. A. Barreity Esq. 

2333. Crotch, William. Elements of Musical Composition. 4to. 
London, 1812. W. A. Barrett^ Esq. 

2334. Fawcett, John. Roberts' Melodia Sacra. Sm. obi. 4to. 18 — . 

Messrs. Novello &* Co. 

2335. Mantel, J. C. Six Sets of Lessons for the Harpsichord or 
Organ. Folio. London : Wm. Smith. Richard Redhead, Esq. 

2336. CoRELLi, Arcangelo. Sonatas. Folio. Engraved by Thomas 
Cross. London. Messrs. Henderson, Rait, 6- Fenton. 

SCOTLAND. 

2337. CoRRi, Domenico. Select Collection of the most admired Songs, 
Duetts, &c. Folio. Edinburgh : John Corri, f. 1775. Engraved 
by James Johnson. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

The first music book printed with ** A proper accompaniment" for Harpsi- 
chord, called by the author, Corri's New S)rstem. 

2338. Johnson, James. The Scots Musical Museum. Engraved by 
Johnson. Edinburgh: Johnson, 1787. W. Henderson, Esq. 

2339. Thomson, George. A Select Collection of Original Scottish Airs 
for the Voice. Large folio. Edinburgh : J. Moir, 1801. 

W. Henderson, Esq. 

2340. Smith, R. A. The Irish Minstrel. Royal 8vo. Edinburgh : 
Robert Purdie, 1825. W. Henderson, Esq. 

2341. Johnson, James. The Scots Musical Museum. New edition 
by W. Stenhouse. 8vo. Edinburgh : William Blackwood & Sons, 
1853. W. Henderson, Esq. 

The engraved plates same as employed in edition of 1787. 

IRELAND. 

2342. Bunting, William. A General Collection of the Ancient Irish 
Melodies. Folio. Dublin: Gough, 1790. W. Henderson, Esq. 



Cla00 JF — pn'nteH 9^u0ic. (feectfoix V,) 283 

AMERICA. 

2343. Bayley, Daniel. The Psalm-Singer's Assistant, izmo. Boston: 
W. M' Alpine, 1767. yohn Dob son, Esq. 

AUSTRIA. 

2344. MuFFAT, Theofilo. Componimenti Musicali per il Cembalo. 
Austria. Obi. folio. Engraved by G. C. Leopold. Vienna, 
1727. Julian Marshall, Esq. 



FRANCE. 

2345. Cantates FranQoises. Folio. Engraved by H. de Baussen. 
Paris, c. 1700. Her Majesty the Queen. 

2346. LuLLY, J. B. Phaeton. Folio. Paris, 1709. 

M. Gustave Chouquet. 

2347. CouPERiN. Pieces de Clavecin. Large folio. Engraved by 
Berey. Paris, 17 13. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2348. CouPERiN. L'Art de toucher le Clavecin. Folio. Engraved by 
Berey. Paris, 171 7. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2349. Le Sage and D'Orneral. Le theatre de la Foire. i2mo. Paris : 
Etienne Ganeau, 1721. Charles Letts, Esq. 

2350. Handel, G. F. Suite de Pibces pour le Clavecin. Folio. 
Engraved by Madame Leclair. Paris, c. 1733. 

Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2351. Dubreuil. Dictionaire lyrique portatif. 8vo. Paris : Lacombe, 
1766. M. Gustave Chouquet. 

2352. Carpentier, J. Recueils de Menuets, &c. Folio. Engraved 
by Madame Renault. Paris, f. 1770. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2353. EcKARD, J. G. Menuet d'Exaudet avec des Variations pour le 
Clavecin. Obi. folio. Engraved by Petit. Paris, r. 1770. 

Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2354. Hullmandel, N. J. Recueil de Petits Airs. Obi. folio. En- 
graved by Madame Oger. Paris, r. 1780. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2355. Chabanon. DelaMusique. 8vo. Paris: Pissot, 1785. 

M. Gustave Chouquet. 



284 Cajctorx Celebratiom 

2356. Choron, a. Principes elementaires. Folio. Paris, An VIII. 
(1800). JV. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2357. Kastner. Instrumentation. Folio. Paris, 1836. 

W. A, Barrett, Esq. 

GERMANY. 

2358. MuRSCHHAUSER, Franz Xavier. Prototypon longobiere Organi- 
cum. ObL 4to. Nuremberg, c. 1700. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2359. Veracini, Francesco Maria. Sonate \ Violino Solo e Basso. 
Op. I. Obi. folio. Dresden, 172 1. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2360. Bach, J. S. Clavir Ubung bestehend in Praeludien, Allemanden, 
Couranten, Sarabanden, Giguen, Menuetten, und andem Galan- 
terien ; denen Liebhabern zur Gemiiths Ergoezung verfertiget. 
Sm. obL 4to. Leipsic : In Verlegung des Autoris, 1727. 

Alfred H. Littleton, Esq. 
Engraved on copper by the composer himself. 

2361. Binder, Christlieb Sigismondo. Sei Suonate per il Cembalo. 
Op. I. Obi. folio. Engraved by M. Keijl. Dresden, c. 1730. 

Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2362. Bach, C. P. E. Exempel in Sechs Sonaten. Large folio. Leipzig, 
1752-62. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2363. Bach, C. P. E. Versuch iiber die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen. 
Large folio. Berlin: S. L. Winter, 1759. 

Her Majesty the Queen. 

HOLLAND. 

2364. Pepusch, J. C. Sonates k un Violon Seul et un Basse Continue. 
Obi. folio. Amsterdam : Etienne Roger, c. 1 7 1 2. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

ITALY. 

2365. Frescobaldi, G. II primo libro delle Canzone. Obi. folio. Rome : 
Mazotti, 1628. Her Majesty the Queen. 

2366. Frescobaldi, G. Toccate d'intavolatura di cimbalo et Organo. 
Folio. Rome ; Nicolo Borbone, 1637. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2367. Frescobaldi, G. Canzoni alia Francese. Folio. Venice : Al- 
lesandro Vincenti, 1645. Her Majesty the Queen. 



Cla052J if.— prmteD 9^u0ic. (Section vi,) 285 

2368. CoRELLi, Arcangelo. Violone o cimbalo. Obi. folio. En- 
graved by Gasparo Pietra Santa. Rome : Filippo Farinelli, 1700. 

W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2369. Scarlatti, Domenico. Essercizi per Gravicembalo. Large obi. 
folio. Engraved by B. Fortier. Venice, c. 1728. 

Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

2370. Tessarini, Carlo. II Maestro, e Discipolo. Divertimenti da 
Camera a due Violini. Op. 2. Obi. folio. Urbino, 1734. 

Julian Marshall^ Esq, 

2371. Sala, Nicolo. Regole del Contrapunto Pratico. Large folio, 
Naples, 1794. Sacred Harmonic Society, 

2372. Alfieri, Pietro. Accompagnamento coll' Organo de' Toni 
Ecclesiastici e sulla Melodia del Te Deum. Rome : Pietro Pit 
torelli, 1840. Messrs. Novello and Co 

MEXICO. 

2373. MissA Gothica sen Mozarabica. Folio. Angelopoli (Puebla), 
1770. Julian Marshall, Esq. 



Section VI. 
MUSIC PRINTED FROM STAMPED PLATES. 

ENGLAND. 

2374. 
REENE, Maurice, Dr. Spenser's Amoretti. London : J. Walsh, 
c. 1730. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2375. Bach, Giovanni Christiano. Sei Canzonette a due. 
Op. IV. Obi. 4to. London, c. 1760. Julian Marshall, Esq. 

2376. Riley, William. Parochial Music Corrected. 4to. London, 
1762. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2377. Hale, Thomas. Social Harmony. 4to. London, 1763. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 




286 Cajcton Celebration* 

2378. Mozart, J. G. Wolfgang (agd de huit ans). Six Senates pour le 
Clavecin. CEuvre III. Folio. London : Printed for the Author 
and Sold at his Lodgings at Mr. Williamson in Thrift Street, 
Soho, 1765. Julian Marshall^ Esq. 

2379. Mozart, J. G. Wolfgang. Six Sonates. Another copy. 

Messrs. Henderson^ Rait, and Fenton, 

2380. Arne, T. a. Artaxerxes, an Opera. Obi. folio. London, c, 
1766. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2381. Arne, T. A. Artaxerxes in Score. Folio. London, c. 1770. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2382. Byrd, William. Canon for Eight Voices. Large folio. Lichfield : 
John Alcock, 1770. W.H. Cummings, Esq. 

2383. Burney, Charles. La Musica che si canta annualmente nelle 
Funzioni della Settimana Santa, Capella Pontificia. Folio. Lon- 
don : Robert Bremner, 1771. Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2384- Hayes, Philip. Harmonia Wiccamica. Obi. folio. London, 
1780. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2385. Jones, William, the Rev. A Treatise on the Art of Music. Sm. 
folio. Colchester : W. Keymer, 1 784. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2386. Handel, G. F. Alexander Balus. (Arnold.) Folio. London, 
c. 1785. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2387. Storage, Stephen. The Haunted Tower, an Opera. Obi. folio. 
London, 1789. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2388. CoRFE, Joseph. Beauties of Handel. Obi. folio. London, 1800. 

W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2389. Shield, William. Introduction to Harmony. 4to. London, 
1800. W. A. Barren, Esq. 

2390. MoLLER, John Christian. A Compleat Book of Instructions. 
Obi. folio. London, 1804. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2391. Webb, Richard, the Rev. A Collection of Madrigals. Folio. 
London, 1808. W. H. Cummings, Esq. 

2392. Novello, V. Sacred Music. Folio. London, 181 1. 

Messrs. Novello 6^ Co. 



CIajJ0 Sf—^vintzn ^n^iu (feectfon VI,) 287 

2393. LoGiER, Jean Baptiste. Companion to the Chiroplast. Folio. 
London, 1817. W. A. Barrett , Esq. 

2394. NovELLO, V. The Fitzwilliam Music Large folio. London : 
J. A. Novello, 1825. Charles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 

2395. Goss, John. Parochial Psalmody. i6mo. London, 1826. 

IV. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2395* PuRCELL, H. Sacred Music Large folio. Messrs. Novello 6- Co. 

2 395 f. Novello, Vincent. Studies in Madrigalian Scoring. Large 
folio. 183 . Messrs. Novello and Co. 

2396. RiMBAULT, E. F. Little Lays for Little Learners. Sm. 4to. 
London, 1842. W. A. Barrett, Esq. 

2397. PuRCELL, Henry. The Yorkshire Feast-Song. Folio. London: 
Novello, Ewer, & Co., 1877. Messrs. Novello 6- Co. 

SCOTLAND. 

2400. Neustedt, Charles. Air Ecossais. Folio. Edinburgh : Home 
and Macdonald, 1877. Messrs. Home and Macdonald. 

2401. Reid Concert Libretto. 8vo. Edinburgh: Home and Macdonald, 
1877. Messrs. Home and Macdonald. 

2402. Grand Arpeggios. Folio. Edinburgh : Home and Macdonald, 
1877. Messrs. Home and Macdonald. 

DENMARK. 

2403. Berggreen, a. p. Danske Folke-Sange og Melodier. Obi. 8vo. 
Copenhagen, i860. Charles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 

FRANCE. 

2404. Choron, Alexandre. Principes de Composition des Ecoles 
d'ltalie. Folio. Paris, 1808. Messrs. Cocks and Co. 

2405. ViLBAC, Renaud De. Echos de I'Enfance. Large 4to. Paris : 
Enoch p^re et fils, 1876. Messrs. Enoch and Son. 

2406. Benedict, Sir Julius. Overture to the Tempest. Sm. folio. 
Paris : Enoch p^re et fils, 1877. Messrs. Enoch and Son. 



288 Carton Celebration 



GERMANY. 

2407. Haydn, Joseph. 1 2 Pieces pour le Pianoforte. Obi. Leipzig: 
Breitkopf and Hartel, 1800. Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 

2408. Beethoven, L. van. First Symphony. Full score. Bergedorf, 
near Hamburg : Dr. Fr. Chrysander, 186-. Messrs. Schott and Co. 

2409. Gluck, Christophe. Iphig^nie en Aulide. Full score. Folio. 
Leipzig: Breitkopf and Hartel, 1873. 

Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 

2410. Rupp, H. Die Walkiire fur Pianoforte. Mayence : B. Schott's 
Sohne, 1875. Messrs. Schott and Co. 

241 1. Wagner, Richard. Gotterdammerung. Full score. Mayence: 
B. Schott's Sohne, 1876. Messrs. Schott and Co. 

2412. Mozart, W. A. Requiem. Full score. Folio. Leipzig : 
Breitkopf and Hartel, 1877. Messrs. Breitkopf and Hdrtel. 

HUNGARY. 

2413. Liszt, Franz. Ungarische Volkslieder. Folio. Pesth, i860. 

Charles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 



ITALY. 

2415. Moraudi, Giovanni. Sonate per Organo. Obi. folio. Milan: 
Ricordi, 1808. Signer Giulio Ricordi. 

2416. Crescentini, Girolamo. Raccolta di Esercizj per il Canto. 
Folio. Milan : Ricordi, 181 8. Signor Giulio Ricordi. 

2417. Catrufo, G. Vocalizzi o Studi per la Voce. Folio. Milan : 
Ricordi, 1820. Signor Giulio Ricordi. 

2418. PoLLiNi, Francesco. Stabat Mater. Obi. folio. Milan : Ricordi, 
1 82 1. Signor Giulio Ricordi. 

2419. Rossini, Gioachino. Maometto H. Obi. folio. Milan : Ricordi, 
1823. Signor Giulio Ricordi. 

24i9*.RossiNi, G. Guglielmo Tell. Full score. 8vo. Florence : 
G. G. Guidi, i860. Messrs. Novello and Co. 

2420. Peri, Jacopo. La Prima Opera in Musica (1600), Euridice. 
Large 8vo. Firenze, 1863. Charles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 



Cla00 Sf—^vinm 9^mu (Section VII,) 289 

2421. Verdi, Giuseppe. Aida. Folio. Milan : Ricordi, 1872. 

Signor Giulio Ricordi, 

RUSSIA. 

2422. Ukrainiens, Kosaques, &c. Folio. St. Petersbourg, c. 1800. 

W. H. Cummings^ Esq. 

2423. Russian National Music. 4to. Moscow: A. Typunez, 1853. 

Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

SWEDEN. 

2424. Skalde Styken. i6mo. Stockholm, 1800. W. A. Barrett ^ Esq. 



Section VII. 

MUSIC PRINTED BY LITHOGRAPHIC AND OTHER 
PROCESSES NOT PREVIOUSLY CLASSIFIED. 

ENGLAND. 

2425- 

ELY, Alfred. Long Live the Queen. Folio. London : 
I. W. Mould, c. 1866. IV. If. Cummings, Esq. 

2426. Handel, G. F. The Messiah. Obi. folio. London : 
Vincent Brooks, Day, and Son, 1868. Messrs. Novella 6- Co. 

Photolithographed from the original manuscript. 

2427. Specimens of Lithographic and Letterpress Music, in frames. 

Messrs. Home and Macdonald» 

FRANCE. 

2428. CoussEMAKER, Ed. dc. Histoire de THarmonie de Moyen Age. 
4to. Paris : Victor Didron, 1852. M. Gustave Chouquet. 

2429. Didron, Ain^. L'Office du Treizi^me Sibcle. 4to. Paris : F. 
Chandon, aind, 1853. Percy D. Hawker^ Esq. 

2430. Mereaux, Am^d^. Les Clavecinistes de 1637 k 1790. Folio. 
Paris: Heugel and Co., c. 1854. M. Gustave Chouquet. 

2431. DuRAND, L. D^ouverte et Demonstrations de la Similitude des 
Gammes. 8vo. Paris, 1864. M. Gustave Chouquet. 

u 




290 Carton Celebration* 

2432. Rahn, Bemardin. Journal de Composition Musicale. 8vo. 
Paris, c, 1870. W, A. Barrett, Esq. 

HUNGARY. 

2434. Blahane Kedveltdalai 24 Valoga Holtmagyar n^pdal. Folio. 
Enckhangra zongora-kisdret ^s-atirattal elldtta Abrdnyi Korn'el. 
Budapest, Tdborszky ds Parsch, i860. 

CJiarles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 

MEXICO. 

2435. Marzan, J. La Corona del Imperio. Marcha Militar. Folio. 
1866. Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 

2436. Iradier. El Chin-Chin Chan Cancion Habanera. Folio. H. 
Nagel y Cia. Charles Kensington Salaman^ Esq. 

SPAIN. 

2437. FuERTES, Mariano Soriano. Historia de la Miisica Espanola. 
8vo. Barcelona: D. Narciso Ramirez, 1855. W. A. Barrett^ Esq. 

SWEDEN. 

2438. SoDERMANN, Aug. Ett BrondbroUop. Folio. Stockholm : Elkan 
& Schildknecht Charles Kensington Salaman, Esq. 




\ HE following exhibits lent by the Italian Government, as re- 
\ presented by His Excellency the Minister of Instruction, have 
U^ been kindly selected by the librarians of the Biblioteca Vittorio 
Emanuele, Biblioteca Casanatense, and Biblioteca Angelica, all in 
Rome, but having arrived after the opening of the Exhibition, are shown 
in cases by themselves, and are necessarily catalogued as an Appendix 
to this Class. 

2439. Gaforius, Franchinus. Theoricum opus musice discipline. 4to. 
Naples : Franciscus di Dino, 1480. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2440. Missale Secundum morem sancte Romane Ecclesie. 1485. 

Type (red and black). 

2441. BuRTius, Nicolaus. Opusculum Musices. 4to. Bologna : Ugo 
de Rugeriis, 1487. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 



2442. Gaforius, Franchinus. Theorica Musicae. Folio. Milan : 
Joannis Petri de Cimatis, 1492. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2443. Gaforius, Franchinus. Pratica Musicae. Folio. Milan, 1496. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2444. Faber, Jacobus. Elementa Musicalia. Paris : Joannis Higmanus, 
1496. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2445. Gaforius, Franchinus. Pratica Musicae utriusque cantus. Folio. 
Venice : Augustinus de Zannis, 15 12. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2446. Processionale Romanum cum officio mortuorum et missa pro 
defunctis. Venice: Junta, 15 13. 

Type (red and black). 

2447. Liber Quindecim Missarum a diversis auctoribus edite per 
Andream Antiquum de Montona. Folio. Rome, 15 16. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2448. Liber Quindecim Missarum. Another copy. 

2449. Missale Aquileyensis. Venice: Petrus Liechtenstein, 15 17. 

Type (red and black). 

2450. Reuchlin, Johannis. De accentibus et orthographia linguae 
Hebraicae. 4to. Hagenoae, in aedibus Thomae Ausheloni Ba- 
densis, 15 18. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2451. Missale Pomamiense. 1524. 

Type (red and black). 

2452. FoLiANUS, Ludovicus. Musica Theorica, Venice: Jo. Antonius 
et Fratres de Sabio, 1529. 

2453. Aron, Piero. Toscanello in Musica. Sm. folio. Venice : Ber- 
nardino et Matheo di Vitali, 1529. 

2454. Vanneo, Stephano. Recanetum de Musica Aurea. Folio. Rome: 
Valerium Doricum, 1533. 

2455. Vanneo, Stephano. Another copy. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2456. Lanfranco, Giovan Maria. Scintille di Musica. 8vo. Brescia : 
Ludovico Brittanico, 1533. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2457. LusciNius, Ottomarus. Musurgia seu praxis musica. Argento- 
rati, Schottus, 1536. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 

2458. Compendium Musices. Beme: Mathias Apiarius, 1539. 

Printed from wooden blocks. 



292 Ca;ctoii CeUbratiom 

2459. Regule Musicales. Lugduni: Jacobum Modernum de Pinquenti, 
1540. 

Type (red and black). 

2459tf.CANTORiNUS ad eorum instnictionem qui cantum ad chorum 

ptinentem discere concupiscunt. Sm. 8vo. Venice, 1550. 

Type (red and black). 

2459^.MoRALis, Christophori. Magnificat omni-tonum cum quatuor 
vocibus. Folio. Venice: Antonio Gardano, 1562. 
Type. 

2459^.Animuccia, Jo. Canticum beatae Mariae Virginis. Folio. Romae, 
apud haeredes Val. et Al. Doricorum, 1568, 
Type. 

2459^.Zarlino, Gioseffo. Le Istitutioni Harmoniche. Sm. folio. 
Venice, Senese, 1562. 

Type: 

2459^.Praenestini, Joannis. Missanim. Rome : Aloysiis Doricorum 
Fratrum, 1570. 

Type. 

2459/. Caroso, Fabritio. II Ballarino. Venice: Francisco Ziletti, 1581. 

Tablature (type). 

2459^.Fludd, Roberto. De Naturae Simia seu Technica macrocosmi 
historia in partes undecim divisa. (?) Rome, 1618. 
Engraved. 

W. A. Barrett. 

W. H. CUMMINGS. 

A. H. Littleton. 





Class G. 

BOOK ILLUSTRATIONS AND OTHER SPECIMENS 

OF ENGRAVINGS, PRINTING IN COLOURS, 

AND OTHER PROCESSES. 

|NY one entering the main upper room of the Caxton 
Exhibition will notice a large variety of prints affixed to 
the walls. Some represent work perfect in itself, whilst 
others represent, in various stages, illustrations of the pro- 
cesses through which it has passed. Let us ask ourselves 
in what sense do these illustrations represent printing, and what relation- 
ship do they bear to each other? The answers are simple enough. 
They represent the growth of illustrative art in connection with printing 
from its first dawn, as shown in the early wood-cuts and the highly 
finished and delicate specimens of copper-plate engraving, down to the 
various processes for which the present day is distinguished. All these 
varieties are knit together by the ceaseless desire of the artist to achieve 
greater freedom of utterance and a larger field for his work. The 
difference comes out in contrasting the books of the present with those 
of the past. In the manuscript books which preceded the introduction 
of printing, the illustrations with which they were enriched were of 
necessity the work of the artist himself, and thus the whole value of 
his teaching rested within the covers of the Missal or Psalter, and 
perished as the book perished. At the present day all this is changed, 
but how gradually and with what tentative effort is best told by the 
examples which are hanging on the walls or enclosed in the cases. 

It would seem probable that metal-plate engraving preceded the 
introduction of ordinary block printing. The system of enchasing and 
enriching silver and steel expanded with the growth of art. In the Print- 
Room of the British Museum may be seen some special examples of rare 



294 Cajcton Celebration* 

beauty, as also the mode by which the artist tested the progress of his 
work — in the earlier instances by sulphur casts, and in the later instances 
by impressions on paper ; in the same way as engravers on silver obtain 
an impression of their work at the present day. The transition from 
such productions to that of ordinary copper-plate engraving and printing, 
using the skill for the purposes of illustration, was both obvious and 
direct. It is curious as illustrating this point, that the Dante of 1481, 
in the Grenville Library in our National Museum, is illustrated with 
nineteen copper-plate engravings, two of which are impressed on the 
same paper as that of the text, while the remainder are pasted on. 

The step from metal-plate engraving to that of utilizing wood-blocks 
for the same purpose was at once natural and easy. It was obvious that 
the block which could furnish an adequate material for producing 
perfectly formed letters could, without any great difficulty, furnish the 
same vehicle for illustrative purposes. It may be noted that amongst the 
earliest printed books, this embryo form of illustration manifests itself, either 
in the shape of initial letters or small ornamentations at the end of the 
chapters. The idea of using wood-blocks for the purposes of illustration 
havmg once taken root, it was not slow to manifest its power, and in a 
very short time the artistic skill of Albrecht Diirer and others gave to the 
world a series of illustrations, many of which to-day adorn the Caxton 
Celebration under the heading of the Caspari Collection. This collec- 
tion is especially valuable as illustrating the growth of wood-engraving 
from its earliest efforts up to the most finished productions of to-day. 

The skill of the first wood engravers was essentially the skill of the 
artists speaking through a new medium. They were artists even more 
than they were engravers, for many learnt engraving that their thoughts 
might be properly interpreted. It is easy to understand the intense 
sense of pleasure with which they devoted themselves to their work. 
To them, the introduction of printing opened a new world and a new 
sense of power. The previous efforts had been for the exclusive enjoy- 
ment of the few, but the process of engraving gave their teaching to man- 
kind. The novelty wore off, as all novelty does wear off, and with the 
stale breath of custom arose a new class of handicraftsmen, who were 
translators of other men's thoughts. The art of engraving, no doubt, 
suffered in one sense by the change, but gained in another : if artists 
no longer devoted their time to carrying out the engraver's work, they 
were still enabled to sketch on the wood, allowing the inferior skill to 
carry out the more technical work. 

Among the earlier wood-engravings there is great breadth, vigour and 
beauty, but there is at the same time an absence of the delicacy and 
minute finish which was obtainable from copper-plate engraving. It thus 
happened that, although the two processes developed side by side, the 
etchings of Rembrandt and others, and the introduction of mezzotint 



Cla00 (P.— IBoofc 3|llu0tratCon0, etc* 295 

and aquatint gradually gave to copper-plate engraving a superiority in 
delicacy, force and finish, which won for it a nominal superiority, and it 
has been left for wood engraving in our own day to contest the supre- 
macy in the work of Bewick, Whymper, Dalziel, Swain and others. A 
series of woodcuts by these artist-engravers may be seen on the walls 
facing the Caspari Collection, and which well illustrate the difference 
between our own time and four hundred years ago. 

One of the earliest efforts in connection with wood-engraving was to 
apply to the work the addition of colour, and although the earliest 
examples have not the skill which characterizes the work of to-day, yet 
' it is impossible to ignore the knowledge and taste which was then mani- 
fested. Any one who will refer to the earlier illustrations of the Caspari 
Collection will note, that not only were tint-blocks in constant use, but 
they are prepared with a vigour and skill that indicate the touch of the 
artist. In our own day we have gone far beyond, and we have been 
enabled to do so by absorbing improvements made in connection with 
other descriptions of work. For instance, the discoveries of aquatint 
and zincography have both been utilized, to obtain at once greater 
freedom of outline and greater softness and modulation of tint. In 
some of the examples exhibited by Messrs. Leighton, Marcus Ward, 
Whymper and others, may be seen delicacies of tint and finish in many 
cases approaching those to be found in a fine water-colour drawing. The 
great value of many of these productions is, that they are printed by 
steam presses and produced in enormous quantities at comparatively 
small cost. They represent in the fullest sense of the term the appre- 
ciative taste of our day. 

In the art of printing, for art it may fairly be called, discoveries arise 
in constant succession, now in one branch and now in another, but 
always adding to the grandeur of the scope of the art itself One of 
those which has served greatly to modify our conceptions of printing was 
that of lithography, for it at first sight seemed to bring the pencil of the 
artist into direct association with the printing press. It has not quite 
realized its original idea, but it has approached to it so closely that for 
many purposes it has left little to be desired. In the collection of Messrs. 
Hanhart may be seen some of the earliest efforts of lithography, and 
representing as they do the handiwork of Stothard, West, Fuseli, and 
other great artists, they represent fairly enough the feeling with which 
artists were willing to accept the new handmaid. In passing, it may be 
noted that much of the fineness of tint which now characterizes our block 
colour printing, is due to the teaching of lithography, for it placed before 
the world a higher standard than had been previously attained. 

The association of photography with printing is the last, and will 
probably form the greatest step that has yet been made. Photography 
has been utilized in a large variety of ways : it has been used for photo- 



296 Ca;cton Celebration. 

graphing directly on to the block, for the purpose of the wood-engraver; 
on to the stone, for the purpose of the lithographer; and also in a variety 
of ways for reproducing by printing the photograph itself Some of 
these are marvellous for the delicacy and beauty of the work. In 
some instances, as in the productions of Durand and Goupil, for example, 
it is difficult to draw a distinction between the photograph and the 
printed copy, so perfect is the reproduction. In others, as in the photo- 
gravure, of which a large series of examples are in the present Exhibition, 
it is only necessary to say that the delicacy, beauty, and vigour are 
very conspicuous. One other discovery may be noted, that of steno- 
chromy ; it is both curious and unique. It consists of a solid block of 
colour, made up of a variety of tints so as to constitute the whole of a 
picture, and is printed by a process which consumes a minute portion of 
the block at each impression, so that eventually the block is eaten away. 
The finish to the picture is, in some instances, given by the Woodburytype, 
and the effect is very delicate. There are several other applications of Pho- 
tography, each of which no doubt possesses merits of its own ; they are 
too minute to come within the scope of this introduction ; but they will 
be found at the right hand on entering the room from the main staircase. 
Throughout the whole changes which the art of engraving has under- 
gone, two points are conspicuous : one is the modification of the vehicle 
by which the artist, whether writer or draughtsman, is brought more de- 
finitely into connection with the great mass of the world ; the other is the 
constantly increasing facility for the dissemination of the teaching itself. 

Section I. — Woodcuts. 
2460. 
[JTAS Patrum. About 1470. Sine loco et anno. 

Lent by J, E. Hodgkin, Esq., F.S.A. 
An edition nearly akin to "Hain, *56o3," but not identical. In low 
Saxon, with some of the quaintest cuts of the period. Interesting as being 
the same work which Caxton ** reduced into Englyshe from the Frenshe." 

2461. Valturius de re militari. J. of Verona. 1472. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 
First dated book executed in Italy with wood-engravings. 

2462. Breydenbach, Johannes de. Peregrinatio. Mentz : Erard 
Reuwich, i486. Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

One of the first books of travels printed, and the first illustrated with 
folding views. 

2463. Nuremberg Chronicle. Koberger, 1493. Folio. 

Lent by H. White, Esq. 

Compiled by H. Schedel, a physician of Nuremberg, and containing 
woodcuts by Wohlgemuth, Albrecht Diirer's master, and Pleydenwurflf. 

There must have been a large number of copies printed, as it is by no means 
an uncommon book. 




Cla?^0 (B*— Book Jlluiefttatfon^, etc* 297 

2464. Nuremberg Chronicle. A second copy. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

2465. PoLiPHiLi Hypnerotomachia. Venice. Aldus, 1499. Folio. 

Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First edition. The wood-engravings are supposed to have been designed 
by Giovanni Bellini. Of this work there are numerous copies known. 

2466. Monte Sancto di Dio. Nicolo di Lorenzo. Florence, 1477. 
4to. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

First book known containing copper-plate engravings, which are supposed 
to have been designed by Sandro Boticelli, and executed by Baccio Baldini. 

2467. Ptolem^us. Latine. Arnoldus Buckinck. Rome, 1478. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

The second printed book containing copper-plate engravings. This work 
was commenced by Sweynheym, who died before its completion. 

2468. Dante. La Divina Commedia. Col commento di Christophero 
Landino, Nicolo di Lorenzo della Magna, Florence, 1481. 
Folio. Lent by Earl Spencer. 

Contains twenty copper-plates, supposed to have been designed by Boti- 
celli and engraved by Baccio Baldini. 

2469. Gemini, Thomas. " Compendiosa totius Anatomic delineatio 
&c. exarata per Thomam Geminum Londini." With a curious, 
elaborate, and ornamental title-page, with the Royal Arms in the 
centre, and numerous other full-page copper-plate engravings. 
First edition. Folio. Colophon, "Londini in officina loanni 
Herforde : Anno Domini 1545." 

Lent by Messrs. S. and B. Nock. 

This is the first edition of the first illustrated book with the engraver's 
name, containing copper-plate engravings, and the first work containing cop- 
per-plates of any merit. 

2470. Genealogie des Roys de France. Paris. Pierre Vidone, for 
Galliot Du Prd 1520. Vellum. 

Lent by J. E. Hodgkin, Esq., F.SA. 

A roll, with illuminated miniatures, beautifully prmted. Said to be 
unique. 

2471. Theurdanckh. Augspurg, 1519. Lent by H. White y Esq. 

A chivalric and allegorical poem, written by Melchior Pfinzing, on the cele- 
bration of the marriage of Maximilian I. and Mary of Burgundy. It contains 
a series of woodcuts, some of them executed by Hans Schaufelain. 



298 CajCton Celebratiom 



Selection of Wood-engravings ^ Chiaro-oscuros^ dr'r., illustrating the pro- 
gress of Book illustration. Lent by MicJiael Caspari^ Esq. 

German Woodcuts. 

2472. Anonymous. Christ on the Cross. Schrot Blatt 

2473. Anonymous. Death with Hour-glass attacking a Nun. 

2474. Anonymous. Saint Agnes. 

2475. Anonymous. Jesus adored by Moses, John, Mary, &c. 1470? 

2476. Anonymous. An Indulgence for Pilgrims, under the patronage 
of Saint Wolfgang. Block print. 

2477. Anonymous. The Three Maries at the Sepulchre and the Resur- 
rection. Block print. 

2478. Anonymous. A Female Saint Block print 

2479. Anonymous. Burial ofChrist, the three Maries bewailing. Block 
print 

2480. Anonymous. The Madonna and Child, with St Catherine, and 
two other Females with their heads crowned. Block print 

2481. Anonymous. Christ on the Cross, with the Madonna and St. 
John. Block print. 

2482. Anonymous. A composition in eight compartments, four of 
them having letterpress. Block print. 

2483. Anonymous. St Peter and St Paul holding the Sudarium. 

2484. Anonymous. Specimen of block printing. White letters on black 
ground. Eight lines, with border beneath. 

2485. Anonymous. The Infant Christ holding a Lily, with the name 
" Jesus " inscribed on a black ground, three skulls and cross bones ; 
in two compartments. Block print 

2486. Anonymous. Christ as the Redeemer holding a globe, German 
inscriptions around. 1474. 

2487. Anonymous. Six book illustrations : Birth of Christ ; The Angels 
appearing to the Shepherds ; Presentation; Adoration of Magi; 
Flight into Egypt; Joseph as the Carpenter; and four initial 
letters. 1470-1475. 



Cla?552? (B*— ©oofe Illustrations, etc* 299 

Lent by Michael Caspari^ Esq, 

2488. Anonymous. Two subjects : The Birth of Christ ; Adoration of 
Shepherds. 1475. 

2489. Anonymous. The Last Judgment. In the Mani^re cribl^e. 

2490. Anonymous. Christ crucified on a Tree in the form of the Cross, 
Saints and Angels above, other Angels offering Flowers. 1475. 

2491. Anonymous. The symbols of the Evangelists. 1480. 

2492. Anonymous. A representation of Purgatory. 1480. 

2493. Anonymous. Adam and Eve supporting an Arch, Bird's nest, 
and a Lion. 

2494. Anonymous. Scenes from the life of Christ, Saints introduced ; 
probably published by Koburger. 1480- 1485. 

2495. Anonymous. Doctors of the Law in consultation under an Arch 
decorated with foliage. 1480. 

2496. Anonymous. Five subjects from the Koburger Bible of 1483 : 
Job, Esther, Tobit, and subjects from the Apocalypse. 

2497. The Trinity; probably by Wechtlin. 1485? 

2498. Anonymous. The Almighty accompanied by Angels. From 
Mandeville's Travels, Strassburg, 1488. 

2499. Anonymous. Sanct Lebuin. 1489. 

2500. Anonymous. A Bishop kneeling before an Altar ; coloured. 1490. 

2501. Anonymous. Christ crucified on a Tree in the form of the 
Cross, with Eagle above. 1490. 

2502. Anonymous. Christ on the Cross, Mary Magdalen and St. John 
standing at the sides. The Evangelists at the comers. 1490. 

2503. Anonymous. Saint sitting under Trees, reading a Book which is 
lying on a Pulpit ; the emblems of the Evangelists in the corners. 
White on a black ground. Pomerium. 1490. 

2504. Anonymous. Madonna and Child crowned by two Angels. The 
emblems of the Evangelists in the corners. 1490. 

2505. Wohlgemuth; attributed to. Seven subjects : Adam and Eve; 
Finding of Moses ; Presentation ; Massacre of the Innocents ; 
Christ walking on the Sea; Driving out the Money-changers; 
Washing the feet of his Disciples. From " Schatzbehalter." 1491. 



300 



Canton Celebration* 



Lent by Michael Caspari, Esq. 

2506. Anonymous. A Pilgrim, from "Fasciculus Temporum." 1492. 

2507. Wohlgemuth. Title and principal Cuts from the Niirnberg 
Chronicle. 1493. 

2508. Anonymous. From Terentius, Griininger in Strasburg, 1496. 
Representing a Theatre in the Olden Time. 

2509. Anonymous. From the Ship of Fools by Sebastian Brandt, first 
illustrated edition, 1497. 

2510. Anonymous. Ten subjects : Title and principal Cuts from the 
Cologne Chronicle. 1499. 

251 1. DuRER, Albrecht. The Adoration of the Magi 

2512. DuRER, Albrecht St Christopher. 

2513. DuRER, Albrecht The Great Passion. 

2514. DuRER, Albrecht The Little Passion. 

2515. DuRER, Albrecht. The Apocalypse, with Latin text 

2516. DuRER, Albrecht The Apocalypse in three different states. 

2517. DuRER, Albrecht The Life of the Virgin. 

2518. DuRER, Albrecht. Mary crowned by two Angels. 

2519. DiJRER, Albrecht Holy Family with the Rabbits. 

2520. DuRER, Albrecht The Holy Trinity. 

2521. Cranach, Lucas. Repose in Egypt 

2522. Cranach, Lucas. The Entombment, from the set of the Passion. 

2523. Cranach, Lucas. Two subjects : The Apostles St. Thomas and 
St Matthew. 

2524. Cranach, Lucas. The Martyrdom of St James the Greater. 

2525. Cranach, Lucas. Decapitation of St John. 

2526. Cranach, Lucas. St Jerome penitent 

2527. Cranach, Lucas. St Catherine. 

2528. Cranach, Lucas. The Great Stag Hunt 

2529. Cranach, Lucas. The Tournament of 1506. 



Cla00 (P.— Book 3|Uu0tration0, etc* 301 

Lent by Michael Caspariy Esq. 

2530. Cranach, Lucas. The Tournament with Lances. 

2531. Cranach, Lucas. The Tournament with tapestry of Samson 
struggling with the Lion. 

2532. Cranach, Lucas. The Tournament with Swords. 

2533. Cranach, Lucas, jun. The Four Evangelists. 

2534. Cranach, Lucas, jun. Portrait of Augustus, Elector of Saxony. 

2535. BuRGKMAiR, Hans. Bathsheba bathing; in richly ornamented 
border. 

2536. BuRGKMAiR, Hans. Three subjects: Saints of the House of 
Austria. 

2537. Graf, Urs. Joab killing Amasa. 

2538. Graf, Urs. Two sheets of Title Borders. 

2539. Grien, Hans Baldung. Christ at the foot of the Cross. 

2540. Grien, Hans Baldung. A group of Horses. 
2541.. Grien, Hans Baldung. Portrait of Caspar Hedion. 

2542. Grien, Hans Baldung. The Stag Himt in Loserwald. 

2543. Altdorfer, Albrecht. Ten subjects from the set of the " Fall 
of Man and his Redemption." 

2544. Altdorfer, Albrecht. Virgin and Child in an Altarpiece. 

2545. Altdorfer, Albrecht. St. Jerome prapng. 

2546. Schaufelein, Hans. Christ bearing the Cross. 

2547. Schaufelein, Hans. The Adoration of the Magi. 

2548. Schaufelein, Hans. The Resurrection. From the set of the 
Passion. 

2549. Schaufelein, Hans. Two subjects from the Theurdanckh, 15 17. 
With letterpress. 

2550. Springinklee, Hans. Adoration of Shepherds. 

2551. Springinklee, Hans. St Jerome kneeling in prayer. 

2552. Holbein, Hans. Illustrations to the Dance of Death, 1562, not 
appearing in any other edition. 



302 Cajcton CeUfaratiom 

Ltnt by Michael Caspar:, Esq. 

2553. Holbein, Hans. The Patron Saints of the City of Fryburg. 

2554. Holbein, Hans. Children playing around a Vase. 

2555. Holbein, Hans. A Dagger Sheath, with figure of " Fortuna." 

2556. Holbein, Hans. Erasmus with the Terminus, in three states. 

2557. Holbein, Hans. Portrait of Johan Stoefler. 

2558. Holbein, Hans. Portrait of Johann Indagine, undescribed. 

2559. Holbein, Hans. Title, with the Apostles Peter and Paul. First 
State. 

2560. Holbein, Hans. Border with frieze of Tritons; and children 
playing. 

2561. Holbein, Hans. Title, with the Death of Lucrecia. 

2562. Holbein, Hans. Title, with the Death of Cleopatra. 

2563. Holbein, Hans. Border, with Dance of Peasants; and Peasants 
chasing the Fox which stole the Goose. 

2564. Holbein, Hans. Title, with Solomon accompanied by an assem- 
blage of Philosophers. 

2565. Holbein, Hans. A Landscape near the seaside, where a tree is 
introduced on which Death is sitting holding an hour-glass ; on 
the right a banquetting party. With description in German un- 
derneath, illustrating the bad effects of intemperance in love, 
drink, and play. Curious and undescribed. 

2566. Holbein, Ambroise. Book title, the Calumny of Apelles. 

2567. Holbein, Ambroise. Book title, "Hercules Gaulois." 

2568. Holbein, Ambroise. Book title, " Imago vitae'aulicae." 

2569. Lutzelberger, ascribed to ; Portrait of David Byrglin. 

2570. Anonymous. Portrait of Geiler v. Keisersperg. 

2571. Necker, Jost de. The Dance of Death, — Peasant and Judge. 

2572. Necker, David de. The Flight into Egypt 

2573. Beham, Hans Sebald. Holy Family seated under a Tree. 

2574. Kandel, David. Portrait of Hieronymus Musarius Vicentinus 



Cla00 (B.— J5oofe illustration^, etc* 303 

Lent by Michael Caspari, Esq. 

2575. Flotner, Peter. Ornament, with two foxes accompanied by 
grotesque figures. 

2576. ScHOEN, Erhard. Soldier in Armour sitting under the portal of 
a House. 

2577. Anonymous. St. John preaching; baptizing of Christ ; Decapi- 
tation. Undescribed. 

2578. Amman, Jost. Portrait of the Duke of Wittemberg, in a rich 
border. 

2579. Amman, Jost. Emblematical subject. A man holding his knee 
on a bull and stabbing him with a dagger. 

2580. Amman, Jost. Four subjects : Faith, Hope, Concord and Fortune. 
From " Wappen und Stammbuch." 

2581. Amman, Jost. Twelve subjects: Illustrations to his Book of 
Trades. 

2582. Amman, Jost. The Seven Liberal Arts. 

2583. Sous, Virgilius. Bible Illustrations. Adam and Eve, and Jacob's 
dream. 

2584. Sous, Virgilius. Portrait of Frederic of the Palatinate. 

2585. Sous, Virgilius. The Arms of the Pfinzing Family. 

2586. Schwarzenberg, Melchior. Allegorical Piece: Justice, Peace, 
and Liberty. 

2587. LoRCH, Melchior. Woman riding on Horseback, with Child 
behind her; carrying Geese. 

2588. LoRCH, Melchior. The Deluge. 

2589. ScHARFFENBERGK, George. View of the City of Gorlitz, 1566. 

2590. Stuber, Wolf. Adoration of Shepherds. 

2591. Stimmer, Tobias. Portrait of D. Stephani BrechtelL 
2592^ Stimmer, Tobias. Portrait of Carl Mieg. 

2593. Holtzmeyer, Peter. Frieze with floral ornaments, and a child 
in one comer. 

2594. Unger, T. Georg. Two genre pieces. 



304 Ca):ton Celebration* 

Lent by Michael Caspari^ Esq. 

2595. Unger, T. G. Gottlieb. The Women of Weinsberg, the artist's 
most important work. 

2596. Unger, T. G. Various genre pieces. 

2597. GuBiTZ, F. W. Various vignettes. 

2598. GuBiTZ, F. W. The Departure from Regensburg. In two states. 

2599. HoFEL, Bl. An Old Woman with Prayer Book. 

2600. RiCHTER, Ludwig. Vignette of trumpets. With inscription, 
" Thanks to the Lord." 

2601. Gaber, a. Bible subjects. 

2602. Flegel, J. G., after W. Kaulbach. The Witches in Macbeth, 
drawn on the block by Professor Eichens. 

2603. Pletsch, Oscar. Bible subjects. 

2604. Anonymous. The Head of Christ, and the Madonna and Child. 

2605. Anonymous. Portrait of Hans Sachs. Title, with Vignette. 

2606. Andreae, C. The Prodigal Son. Designed for a vignette. 

2607. Anonymous. The Trinity, with figures of Christ, Moses, the 
Evangelists, &c Title to " The Seven Ravens." 

Miscellaneous Subjects. 

2608. The Master R. P. A rich border in the manibre cribl^e, May- 
ence. 15 18. 

2609. Wechtlin, in the style of. Title-page with a Satyr family, &c. 
In the manibre cribl^. 15 18. 

2610. Anonymous. Title with floriated and intricate pattern of orna- 
mentation. 15 18. 

261 1. DiJRER, Albrecht. Title with Satyrs chained together. 

2612. DuRER, Albrecht Title with subject of the Baptism of Christ. 

2613. Cranach, Lucas. Title, with Christ on the Cross, surrounded by 
angels. 1523. 

2614. Worms, Anton von. Title, the Labours of Hercules. 



Cla00 (P.— Book 31Uu0tratiott0, etc* 305 

Lent by Michael Caspari, Esq. 

2615. Anonymous. Rich border, with portrait of Duke Hendrick of 
Saxony in armour. 1541. 

2616. SoLis, Vu-gilius Titles to Old and New Testaments, subjects in 
compartments. 1 5 60. 

2617. Holbein, Hans. Titles to Galenus, Basel, 1562: Venice, 1565, 
from the same design, but cut by a different hand. 

2618. ScHWARZENBERG, Melchior. Title to a book of architectural 
designs. 1564. 

2619. Amman, Jost. Title of Old Testament, with subjects in compart- 
ments, coloured. 1564. 

2620. Levy, A. Subject, representing a man uncovering his bosom, with 
two other men in the background, in the style of Francesco 
Goya, probably French work. 

Dutch Woodcuts. 

2621. Anonymous. An Indulgence for Pilgrims, with representation 
of the Trinity. End of 15 th century. 

2622. Metsis, Quintin. 1480-1488. Bible subjects. 

2623. Leyden, Lukas van. Adam and Eve. 

2624. Leyden, Lukas van. The garments of Joseph shown to Jacob. 

2625. Leyden, Lukas van. The three Heroes of Israel. 

2626. Leyden, Lukas van. Virgil suspended in a Basket. 

2627. Bosch, Hieronymus. The Temptation of St. Anthony. 

2628. AssEN, Walther van. SS. Ann and Elizabeth ; the Flight into 
Egypt. 

2629. AssEN, Walther van. The Flagellation. From a set of the 
Passion. 

2630. AssEN, Walther van. A Lady riding upon a Mule, Philip II., 
Charles V., and the Emperor Maximilian on Horseback. 

2631. Kirmer, Michael. Title in compartments. 1534. 

2632. Bray, Dirk de. The Sudarium, printed in two colours. 

2633. Bray, Dirk de. Landscape in an oval. 



3o6 Cajcton Cekbratton^ 

Lent by Michael Caspari, Esq. 

2634. Bray, Dirk de. Portrait of Solomon de Bray. 

2635. SiCHEM, Christoph van. Head of a Man, after Matham, 1613. 

2636. SiCHEM, Christoph van. Head, after Goltzius, 1607. 

2637. Jegher, Christoffel. Arabesque, with an Angel introduced. 

2638. Jegher, Christoffel, after Rubens. Christ and St. John with 
Lamb. 

2639. Jegher, Christoffel, after Rubens. Temptation of Christ. 

2640. Jegher, Christoffel, after Rubens. Hercules killing Cacus. 

2641. Jegher, Christoffel, after Rubens. Repose in Egypt. 

2642. Jegher, Christoffel, after Rubens. " Le Jardin d' Amour." 

Spanish Woodcut. 

2643. Morante, Bartolomde. Branch of Tree, with Birds and But- 
terfly. 1630. 

Italian Woodcuts. 

2644. Anonymous. Title border, with figure of Christ and embellished 
with grotesque ornamentation, c. 1480. 

2645. Anonymous. Five Illustrations to "Poliphili Hypnerotomachia." 
1499. 

2646. MoNTAGNA, Benedetto. Title illustrated with a vignette of the 
Resurrection of Christ, with Cross and Lamb. 1501. 

2647. Anonymous. Triumph of Julius Caesar, after Andrea Mantegna. 

2648. Anonymous. Subject from Roman History. A triumphal March, 
with Death on the left leaning against a tree. 

2649. Mantegna, Andrea. Christ on the Cross, Virgin and Child in 
the Clouds surrounded by Saints. 

2650. Mantegna, Andrea. Coronation and Burial of the Virgin. 

265 1. Mantegna, Andrea. Christ on the Cross, with St. John and Mary. 

2652. Anonymous. Rich border, two Angels holding a Shield orna- 
mented with grotesque figures. In the manibre cribl^. 



CIajJ0 (B*— Book 3|Uu0tratfon0, etc* 307 

Lent by Michael Caspari^ Esq. 

2653. Mantegna, Andrea, attributed to. Rich title border, enclosing 
subject of the Presentation in the Temple. 

2654. Mantegna, Andrea, attributed to. Rich title border, with com- 
position of Christ carried to Heaven by Angels, and adored by the 
Apostles. 

2655. Anonymous. The Expulsion of Adam and Eve, top and bottom 
enriched with floral ornamentation, with vignettes of the Sun and 
Moon, &c. Dated 1503. 

2656. Anonymous. Cain and Abel, from the same work. 

2657. Calcar, Jean de. Bust of Vesalius. 1542. * 

2658. BoLDRiNi, Nicolo, after Titian. Betrayal of Samson. 

2659. BoLDRiNi, Nicolo, after Titian. The Six Saints. 

2660. BoLDRiNi, Nicolo, after Titian. Landscape, with Woman milking 
a Cow. 

2661. ViCENTiNO, Guiseppe Nicoletto, after RafTaello. Massacre of the 
Innocents. 

2662. Cambiasi. Triumph of Galathea. 

2663. ScoLARi, Giuseppe. St. Jerome in the Desert 

2664. Porta, G. del Salviati. Christ on the Cross embraced by the 
Magdalen, with Mary and John standing near. 

2665. CoRiOLANO, J. B. St Borromeo before an Altar. 

2666. Belemo, Antonio, after Parmigiano. Adonis with Bow and 
Arrow. 

2667. NuvoLONE, C. F. The Holy Family. 

French Woodcuts 

2668. Anonymous. Bible illustrations. 1470-1480. 

2669. Anonymous. The Trinity, Tree of Jesse, and the Madonna. 
In the manibre cribMe. 1490- 1495. 

2670. Anonymous. Emperor and the Seven Electors. In the manibre 
cribl^e. 1490- 1495. 



3o8 Carton Celebration* 

Lent by Michael Caspari^ Esq. 

2671. Anonymous, from a Livre d'Heures, Simon Vostre, Adoration of 
the Shepherds, Magi, and Massacre of the Innocents. 1498- 
1500. On vellum. 

2672. Anonymous, from a Livre d'Heures, Simon Vostre. Complete 
set of the Dance of Death. 1498-1500. On vellum. 

2673. Anonymous, from a Livre d'Heures, Simon Vostre. Borders. 
1498-1500. 

2674. Anonymous, from a Livre d'Heuress, Antoine Kerver. The Pre- 
sentation, and the Raising of Lazarus. 1498-1500. On vellum. 

2675. Anonymous, from a Livre d'Heures, Gilles Hardouyn. The Salu- 
tation, Crucifixion, Mary adored. Conversion of St Paul. All in 
the manibre cribl^e, printed on vellum. 1498-1500. 

2676. Anonymous. Christ on the Cross, first leaf of a New Testament ; 
the Trinity and the Evangelists. 1500. 

2677. Anonymous. The Creation, first leaf of an Old Testament 
1505-10. 

2678. Anonymous. Saint writing, with Popes and Bishops, in border 
of compartments with Moses, the Prophets, Evangelists, &c 
In the mani^e cribl^e. 15 10. 

2679. Anonymous. The Tree of Justice. An Emperor standing on the 
Root, and holding the branches. In the mani^re criblde. 15 10. 

2680. Anonymous. Tree of Consanguinity. An Emperor standing upon 
the Tree, holding its branches. In the manifere cribl^e. 15 10. 

2681. Anonymous. Illustrations to "Lancelot du Lac." Leaves 58, 81. 
1513- 

2682. Anonymous. Title border, with subject of Christ on the Cross, 
with St John and Mary. Printed on vellum. 1515-20. 

2683. Anonymous. Book illustrations from "Galien Romaunt" 1525. 

2684. Anonymous. Illustration from Pierre de Crescens, with subject; 
Husbandry. 1532. In four compartments. 

2685. Anonymous. Illustration from Pierre de Crescens, illustrating 
Sowing and Reaping. 1532. 

2686. Tory, Geofroy. Flight into Egjrpt. 1525-30. 

2687. Tory, Geofroy. Title, with printer's device of R. Stephani. 
At the top, exquisite vignette, 1546. 



Claj2(j2( (E.— Koofe 3IUu0tratfonjJ, etc* 309 

Lent by Michael Caspari^ Esq. 

2688. Tory, Geofroy. Aaron as High Priest 1546. 

2689. WoEiRiOT, Pierre. Group of figures in Roman Costume. 

2690. JoLLAT, M. A Warrior in Armour. 

2691. JoLLAT, M. Group of Soldiers and Civilians before a tent; 
Artillerymen loading a Cannon. In two compartments. 

2692. Bernard, Solomon, called "le petit Bernard." Illustration to 
the Apocalypse. 

2693. Bernard, Solomon, called "le petit Bernard." Bible illustrations. 

2694. Anonymous. Christ on the Cross, which the Magdalen embraces, 
Mary and John standing near. 

2695. ToRTOREL, Jean. " L'Enterprinse d'Amboise." 

2696. Ecman, Eduardo, after Jaques Callot. Battle of King Tessi. 
1620. 

2697. Breviere, after Grandville. The Owl and the Hare. 

2698. Jonnard. Wolves and the Sheep. From Dora's Fables. 

2699. LiGNY, Ad. The Two Goats. From Dora's Fables. 

2700. Pannemaker, Dom. The Deluge, Jesus Praying. From Dor^s 
Bible. 

2701. Pannemaker, Dom. The Finding of Moses; Christ and the 
little Children. From Dora's Bible. 

2702. Trichon-Monvoisin. Dante and Laura. From Dora's Dante. 

2703. Laplante, after Giacomelli Vignette from Michelet, " L'Oiseau, 
Suite du RossignoL" 

2704. HiLDEBRAND, after Giacomelli. Vignette from Michelet, 
"UOiseau." 

2705. JouARD, after Durand. Christ and Woman at the Well. From 
the life of Jesus. 



310 Cajcton Celebration* 

Lent by Michael Caspari, Esq. 
English Woodcuts. 

2706. Title with illustration, Dives and Lazarus. Printed by Pynson. 

2707. Title. Printed by Richard Heam. 1641. Design bearing the 
date of 1574. 

2708. Alken, Henry. Group of Animals. 

2709. Armstrong. An illustration to a Ballad, " Sir Patrick Spence." 

2710. Austin, Samuel. Bible subjects. 

271 1. Blake, William. Illustrations to a Nurse's Song; inscribed 
" Eclogue." 

2712. Byfield, John. Portrait, and four illustrations to Grimm's 
German Stories, after G. Cruikshank. 

2713. Bagg, Thomas. The Twelve Months. 

2714. Branston, Frederick William. "Faith," "Rescued." 

2715. Branston, Frederick William. "Elephant in the Moon." 

2716. Cruikshank, George. Six Proofs. Three Courses and a Des- 
sert ; Gentleman in Black, &c. 

2717. Clennell, Luke. The Finding of Moses. 

2718. Clennell, Luke. "The Soul engaged." 

2719. Clennell, Luke. Ship at Sea. From Falconer's Shipwreck. 

2720. Dudley, Henry. Old Seal. Said to be one of the finest speci- 
mens of wood-engraving ever executed. 

2721. Dudley, Henry. A Vault, engraved on the block without the 
design being indicated upon it by the artist in the first instance. 

2722. Dalziel, Fitzgerald. " Lily's Ball. " 

2723. Hole, Henry. " Seed sown." With letterpress. 

2724. Hughes, Jane. Illustrations to sonnets entitled the "Passionate 
Pilgrim," and " Venus and Adonis." 

2725. Jackson, John, after Harvey. Subject from Northcote's Fables. 

2726. Jackson, W., after John Gilbert. Welcome Guests at Mardon 
HalL 



Lent by Michael Caspariy Esq. 

2727. Leech, John. Various subjects after his designs. 

2728. Lee, John. Illustration to an Eastern Story. 

2729. Landells, Ebenezer. Two Bible subjects and four designs from 
Northcote's Fables. 

2730. Linton, Henry. Christ with Lily, and Child in a Cradle sleeping. 

2731. Linton, William James. A Fruit Piece. 

2732. Measom, William. Fairy Subject. 

2733. Mosses, Thomas. Shepherd Boy, after Reynolds ; Death of Ab- 
salom ; the Harlot's Progress, after Hogarth. 

2734. Nesbit, Charlton. St. Nicholas Church, Newcastle. 

2735. Nesbit, Charlton. The Daughters of Jerusalem. Sinners hiding. 

2736. Nesbit, Charlton, after Harvey. Subject from Northcote's Fables. 

2737. Powis, William Henry. View of Mount Vesuvius. 

2738. Scott, Thomas. Portrait of the Reverend Thomas Scott. 

2739. Sears, Matthew U. W. Child sitting in Chair with Playthings 
before him. 

2740. Smith, John Orrin, after Harvey. Views of Elba and Florence. 

2741. Thomas, William, after Fitzgerald. Fairyland. 

2742. Thomas, W., after J. PhiUpp. Gossip at a Well 

2743. Thompson, John, after Mulready. Illustration to the Vicar of 
Wakefield. 

2744. Thompson, John. Illustrations to Shakespeare. 

2745. Thompson, John, after Harvey. Portrait of Northcote, from his 
Fables. 

2746. Thompson, John, after Horsley. The Village Dance. 

2747. Thompson, John, after Mulready. Maidens playing Harps. 

2748. Thompson, John, after G. Cruikshank. Tales of Irish Life. 

2749. ViZETELU, Frank, after Bkket Foster. Studies of Children, &c 

2750. ViZETELLi, Frank. Title-page, with ornamentation. 

2751. Williams, Samuel. An Altar Piece. 



3ia Ca;cton Celebration, 

Lent by Michael Caspari^ Esq. 

2752. Anonymous. Young Man lying under a Tree, a Veiled Woman 
hovering over him : A Flower-piece. 

American Woodcuts. 

2753. Anderson, called the American Bewick, The Creation; Nathan 
reproving David. 

2754. Anderson. " Fezzan Ram." 

2755. Davis, J. P. Party Rowing, Old Barns Tenantry. 

2756. IvENGLiNG, F. Indians, Sea, Rocks, and Icebergs. Vignette. 

2757. King, F. S. " For Cupid Dead," " Interval in the Swamps." 

2758. Minton, J. " Torpedoes ? " 

2759. Nichols, D. Portrait of Shakespeare. In the manifere cribl^e. 

2760. Spiegle. Two Portraits, one of Benvenuto Cellini. 

Prints in Chiaro-oscuro. 
Italian. 

2761. Carpi, Ugo da. After Raffaello. David cutting off the Head of 
Goliath. 

2762. Carpi, Ugo da. After Parmigiano. Diogenes. 

2763. Carpi, Ugo da. After Raffaello. Hercules killing the Lion. 

2764. Carpi, Ugo da. After Parmigiano. Saturn. First and second 
state. 

2765. Carpi, Ugo da. After Peruzzi. Envy driven from the Temple 
of Muses. 

2766. Andreani, Andrea. After Beccafumi. The Sacrifice of Abra- 
ham. From the pavement of the Cathedral at Siena. 

In ten sheets complete. 

2767. Andreani, Andrea. After Ligozzi. Virgin and Child accom- 
panied by Saints. First and second state. 

2768. Andreani, Andrea. After Jacopo Ligozzi. Virtue. First and 
second state. 

2769. Andreani, Andrea. Fortunio. An allegorical subject of Death. 



Cla00 (P.— Book 3|Uu0tration0, etc. 313 

Lent by Michael Caspari^ Esq. 

2770. ViCENTiNO, Joseph Nicolo. After Parmigiano. Christ healing 
the Lepers. First state. 

2771. Trenta, Antonio da. After Parmigiano. Martyrdom of Peter 
and Paul. 

2772. Trenta, Antonio da. After Parmigiano. A Man seated ; seen 
from behind. 

2773. CoRiOLANO, Bartholomew. After Guido Reni. An allegory, 
two Females seated. 

2774. CoRiOLANO, Bartholomew. After Guido Reni. Virgin, Child, 
and St. John. First state. 

2775. CoRiOLANo, Bartholomew. After Guido Reni. Alliance of Peace 
and Abundance. First state. 

2776. Anonymous. After Beccafumi. St. Philip. 

2777. Anonymous. Silenus supported by a Nymph, and attended by 

Satyrs. 

2778. Gabo, Giolito. Madonna and Child. 

2779. Zanetti, a. M. Jacob finding Leah and Rachel at the Well. 

German. 

2780. Wechtlin, Johannes, attributed to. Cain killing Abel. 

2781. Cranach, Lucas. St Christopher. 

2782. Anonymous. Adoration of the Shepherds. 1548. 

2783. BusiNGK, Ludwig. After Lallemand. The Lovers. 

2784. Rupprecht, F. C. Madonna and Child. 

Dutch, 

2785. Teunissen, Cornelius. The Last Supper. 

2786. GoLTZius, Heinrich. Hercules killing Cacus. 

2787. GoLTZius, Heinrich. Neptune and Flora. 

2788. GoLTZius, Heinrich. Four landscapes. 

2789. Bloemaert, Abraham. Holy Family. 



314 Carton Celebratfom 

Lent by Michael Casparij Esq, 

I'jf^o. Jegher, ChristoffeL After Rubens. Portrait of a Man wearing 
a Beard. 

2791. MoREELSEN, Paul Death of Lucrctia. 

English. 

2792. Skippe, John. The Entombment ; Six Monks. 

2793. Jackson, J. B. The Finding of Moses. 

Colour Printing. 

2794. Flotner, Peter. A Soldier. 

2795. Anonymous. Book title, Wittenberg, 1522. 

2796. Anonymous. Book title, Hannssen Schobsser. Munich, 1524. 

2797. GuBiTZ, F. W. Christ with Globe. After Cranach. Printed, ac- 
cording to Jackson and Chatto, from at least ten blocks. 

2798. GuBiTZ, F. W. Title and two illustrations. 

2799. Flegel, J. G. Vignette. After L. Richter. Inscribed, " Ich habe 
mein Liebchen," &c. 

End of the Caspari Collection. 

Lent by C. W. IT. Wyman, Esq. 

2800. LiGNOTiNT. Two frames, showing examples of Binfield's ligno- 
tint transfers, with woodcut and original drawing in each. 

Lent by J. Ph. Berjeau^ Esq. 

2801. Wooden Block : being a page of the Biblia Pauperum as repro- 
duced by J. Ph. Berjeau. 

Lent by Dalziel Brothers. 

2802. Various Designs. Drawn by William Harvey. Engraved by 
Dalziel Brothers. 

2803. Subjects from Alison's Europe. Drawn by Sir John Gilbert, 
R.A. Engraved by Dalziel Brothers. 

2804. Pictures of English Landscape. Drawn by Birket Foster. 
Engraved by Dalziel Brothers. 



Cla00 (P.— Book 3|Uu0trat(onj2?, etc. 315 

2805. The Parables of our Lord. Drawn by J. E. Millais, R.A. 
Engraved by Dalziel Brothers. 

2806. Illustration to the Sleeping Beauty. Drawn by Richard Doyle. 
Engraved by Dalziel Brothers. 

2807. Scenes from the Arabian Nights. Drawn by T. Dalziel. En- 
graved by Dalziel Brothers. 

2808. English Landscapes. Drawn by J. W. North. Engraved by 
Dalziel Brothers. 

2809. Rustic Life. Drawn by G. I. Pinwell. Engraved by Dalziel 
Brothers. 

2810. Highland Scenes. Drawn by J. T. Reid. Engraved by Dalziel 
Brothers. 

281 T. Designs by various artists. Engraved by Dalziel Brothers. 

2812. Graphotype Specimens illustrating the Graphotype Process. 

Lent by the Misses Bewick. 

2813. Proofs of Wood-Engravings by Thomas Bewick. 

Lent by the Proprietors of the ^'^ Illustrated London Neuts." 

2814. Specimens of Wood Engravings from the " Illustrated London 
News." 

2815. The first volume of the "Illustrated London News." 

Lent by Harry Soane^ Esq, 

2816. Book Plates. Prints of Heraldic Devices, from blocks executed 
in old-style. 

I^nt by F. Peter Seguier^ Esq. 

2817. The Dead Christ, with the Virgin Mary and St John. 

Chiaroscuro woodcut by Andrea Andreani, after a work of Alessandro 
Casolani, dedicated to Visconti Gonzaga of Mantua, 1 593. Brought to England 
by William Young Ottley, Esq. Containing life-size figures. 

Lent by Mason Jackson^ Esq. 

2818. A History of Quadrupeds, by Thomas Bewick. 

2819. A History of British Birds, by Thomas Bewick. Two volumes. 



3i6 Cajcton Celebration. 

2820. A Treatise on Wood-Engraving, by Jackson and Chatto. First 
edition. 

2821. Diploma of the Highland Society. Engraved on wood by Luke 
Clennell, a pupil of Thomas Bewick. 

2822. St. Nicholas Church, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Engraved on wood by 
Charlton Nesbit, a pupil of Thomas Bewick. 

2823. The Death of Dentatus. Drawn and engraved on wood by 
William Harvey, a pupil of Thomas Bewick. 

2824. Specimens of Wood-Engraving by the late John Jackson. 

Lent by the Proprietors of " The Graphic:' 

2825. Drawings on Wood, Photograph on Wood, Electrotype, Stereo- 
type, Wax Mould, Blocked Block, Boxwood for Engraving, &c. 

2826. Original Drawings on paper. 

2827. Proofs of the same designs engraved. 

Lent by J^. Swain, Esq. 

2828. Specimen of Wood-engraving by J. Swain. 

Lent by A. Brothers, Esq. 

2829. Triumph of Maximilian H., by Hans Burgkmair. 

Specimens illustrating the earliest invention of Photographing on Wood 
for engraving. Lent by Robert Langton, Esq. 

2830. A Photograph of the Moon, being a page from the " Art Jour- 
nal" for August, 1854, fully describing the process. 

2831. Photograph of a Roman Sepulchral Slab found in the River Rib- 
ble, Lancashire. Engraved for Mr. W. A. Abram's "History of 
Blackburn." 

2832. The Coronation of King Edward the Confessor at Westminster. 
Engraved for Heginbotham's " History of Stockport." 

2833. A portion of the Marriage Service, with Rubrics, from a four- 
teenth century MS. in the Chetham College Library, Manchester. 

2834. Self-acting " Mule," photographed from the machine for a new 
edition of " Encyclopaedia Britannica," article " Cotton." 

2835. "Mule" for ditto. 



Cla00 (B*— Boot 31llu0tration0, etc* 3^7 

Lent by Henry Linton^ Esq. 

2836. The Sword-bearer. From an etching by Rembrandt. 

2837. Ephraim Bonus. From an etching by Rembrandt. 

2838. EccE Homo. From an etching by Van Dyck. 

2839. Prisoners in the Vaults of the Hotel de Ville, Paris. From a 
drawing by Gavarni. 

2840. Fruit piece. From a drawing by John Gilbert, R.A. 

2841. The Cat. From the painting by Mieris. 

2842. A Dominican Monk. From a photograph by Lake Price. 

2843. A Monk showing Relics. From a drawing by John Gilbert, R. A. 

2844. The Manor House. From a drawing by Samuel Read. 

2845. Titian's Schoolmaster. From the painting by Moroni. 

2846. Miss Bowles. From the painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

2847. Joseph Governor of Pharaoh's Granaries. From the painting by 
L. Alma Tadema, A.R.A. 

2848. An Audience at Agrippa's. From the painting by L. Alma Ta- 
dema, A.R.A. 

Several of the above were printed at a ** Stanhope " press by Messrs. Levy, 
Robson, and Franklin, formerly of New Street, Fetter Lane. Others are 
artist's proofs. 

Lent by Edward Whyfnper^ Esq, 

2849. Specimens. Wood Engraving. 

Lent by Thomas John Lawrence^ Esq. 

2850. Boxwood Blocks. Prepared for wood engraving. 

Lent by Reginald W. Palgrave^ Esq. 

2851. The Miraculous Draught of Fishes; and Death of Ananias, both 
after Raffaello. By Ugo Da Carpi, a painter and engraver, bom in 
Rome about i486. 

He invented a description of engraving on wood in imitation of drawings by 
the old masters, known as "Chiaro-oscuro," which was afterwards carried to a 
much higher point of perfection by other engravers. The method of production 
was by engraving various wooden blocks for the outline and tints, and printing 
one over the other. The examples exhibited, as are the majority attributed to 
Ugo da Carpi, of which between fifty and sixty are known, are masterly, but 
somewhat slight. See also Nos. 2761 to 2793, Caspari collection. 



3i8 Cajcton Celebration* 

2852. Andreani, Andrea. The Virgin and Child. 

A painter and engraver, bom at Mantua, about 1540. He settled in Rome, 
and followed in the footsteps of Ugo Da Carpi, whose productions he much 
excelled. 

2853. Saint Christopher carrying the infant Jesus. By Lucas Cranach. 

An illustrious painter and engraver, and contemporary of Albrecht Diirer, 
bom 1470-2. The works of Lucas Cranach the younger are often mistaken 
for those of the father, and Bartsch is of opinion that the elder Cranach never 
engraved on wood, but the preponderance of evidence is the other way. Four 
examples of his cuts in "Chiaro-scuro" are known. 

Lent by Messrs. Howlett and Son. 

2854. " Precious Stones and Gems." Specimens of Book illustrations 
with plates from blocks. 

Lent by John Leighton, Esq.^ F.S.A. 

2855. Wood engraving. Various specimens engraved from designs by 
John Leighton, F.S.A. 

Lent by Charles FrcBtorius, Esq. 

2856. Grien, Hans Baldung. Christ and the Apostles. A set of six 
very rare woodcuts. 

2857. Leyden, Lucas Van. The Influence of Women upon celebrated 
Men. Three from a set of rare woodcuts. 

2858. Burgkmair, Hans. Portrait of Johann Paungartner from a rare 
woodcut. 

All from the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge. 



Section II. — Copper-plates. 

Lent by Messrs. Frederick Muller and Co. 

2859. 

ETAL Engraving of about 1450. Christ on the Cross, St. John 
and Mary. In the manifere cribl^e. 

This probably unique plate was found in a manuscript Missal, Mrritten 
in 1459. 

Lent by Messrs. Bradbury , Wilkinson^ and Co. 
2860. Examples of Copper-plate Printing. Nature-printing, &c. 




Cla00 (B.— ffiook 3Uu0tcatioit0, etc* 319 

L^nt by Benjamin Pardon, Esq. 

2861. Christ's Entry into Jerusalem. i6th century. 

Lent by T. Fisher Unwin, Esq. 

2862. De Droeve EUendigheden van den Oorloogh seer derdigh en 
Konstigh Afgebeeldt door Jaques Callot. Loreyns Edelman, en 
in druck vytgegeuen door. Gerret van Schagen. Leon. Schenk 
Excudit 

Eighteen etchings illustrating the miseries of war. 

Lent by C. H. JeenSy Esq, 

2863. Specimens of Engraving — Foreign Postage Stamps and Bank 
Notes. Engraved by C. H. Jeens. 

Lent by G. W. Reid, Esq., F.S.A. 

2864. LiEVENS, Jan. Bust of an Old Man. Very rare. 

2865. Anonymous. After Parmigiano. Christ curing the Paralytic. 

2866. VicENCE, Nicoletto. After Parmigiano. The Adoration of the 
Magi. In two states. 

2867. Carpi, Hugo da. After Raffaello. The Miraculous Draught of 
Fishes. First state. 



Section III. — Printing in Colours from raised Blocks. 

Specimens showing the development of Stenochromy, lent by 
E. Meyerstein, Esq. 

2868. 
|HEET with 70 distinct shades of Colour printed at one impression. 

2869. Sheet with 674 distinct shades of Colour printed at one 
impression. 

2870. Sheet with Diagram showing the Colours of the Spectrum. 

2871. First Specimen of Printing Curved Lines (on Reps). Steno- 
chromy. 

2872. Specimen of Decorative Printing on thick Cloth. Bouquet. 




320 Cajcton Celebration* 

2873. " Harlequin." This Specimen contains upwards of 800 Shades of 
Colour, and was specially designed and printed to prove that an 
almost unlimited number of colours can be printed at one opera- 
tion. 

2874. The Tiger Hunt Copy of Water-colour Drawing by Mr. Huttula. 

2875. Swiss Scenery. Copy of Water-colour Drawing by Mr. A. Hertel. 

2876. Erin's Daughters. Copy of Oil Painting by Mr. F. G. Kinnaird. 

2877. Landscape, Winter scene. Copy of Oil Painting by Mr. A. R. 
de Leeuw. 

2878. Underprint of the above. 

2879. Moonlight on the Scheldt. Copy of Oil Painting by Douzette. 

2880. Madonna di San Sisto, after Raffaello. Copy of Oil Painting 
from the Dresden Gallery. 

2881. A Cottage. With a Woodburytype Photograph printed over it, 
and Steno and Woodburytype separate. 

2882. " Your Ancestors." With a Woodburytype Photograph printed 
over it. 

2883. The Barber's Shop. Showing the Steno and the Woodburjrtype 
Photograph separately. 

2884. Radde's International Colour Scale, in Cloth-covered, Gold- 
lettered Box, 12^ by loi by 2 inches, containing : — An Isolator, A 
Colour Index, 30 moveable Scales of Spectral Colours, 1 2 move- 
able Scales of Grey Tints — together 42 Scales, each shaded in 21 
gradations from Black into White, or total, 882 tints of Colour 
printed at one operation. 

Lent by A. Brothers, Esq. 

2885. Les Oiseaux Gibier. With illustrations in Chromotypography. 

The sheets are arranged in the order of a procession as originally designed 
by Hans Burgkmair. 

Lent by M. Fischbach, Esq. 

2886. Copy of Ancient Banner of Strasburg, in Chromo-Typography. 



Cla00 05.— Booli 3llu0tratfon0, etc. 321 

Lent by George Unwin, Esq. 

2887. The St. Bernard Dogs. Bagster Process. Finished Print in 
twenty-five workings. 

2887*.The first Illustrations of Printing in Colours from Blocks by 
Steam Power (1851). Lent by G. C. Leighton, Esq. 

Lent by Edward IVhymper^ Esq. 

2888. Printing in Colours from raised Blocks, i. Reproduction in 
seventeen printings of a water-colour drawing, entitled " Each a 
share of the Burden," showing the appearance of the print in its 
successive stages. Printed at an ordinary Albion Press. 2. 
Reproduction in thirteen printings of a water-colour drawing by 
Sir John Gilbert, R.A., entitled "The Village Blacksmith," show- 
ing impressions of the thirteen printings, and the appearance of 
the print at its successive stages. Printed on an ordinary Albion 
press. 

Lent by Abraham Johnson^ Esq. 

2889. Specimen of Colour Printing. 

Lent by Messrs. Hewlett and Son. 

2890. Specimens of modern Gold Printing on Satin. 



Section IV. — Lithographs. 

Lent by C. W. H, Wyman, Esq. 

2891. 

ILOTY Album. " L'histoire de la Lithographie. La Litho- 
graphic invent^ par Aloys Senefelder k Munich. L'origine 
historique et les progr^s de cette invention importante, 
sp^ialement Tart de dessin sur pierre d'apr^ tous les pro- 

cedds depuis les premiers essais en 1808 et les epreuves ult^rieures 

k Munich." 

The first part contains lithc^^raphs from the year 1808 until 1831, and the 

second from 1831 to 1866, mostly pictures from the Munich Picture Gallery; 

the impressions are all from first editions. The book contains some superb 

examples of chalk drawings. It is the prop>erty of Herren Piloty and Loeble, 

of Munich, and the lithc^raphs are many of them very rare. 

2892. Portfolio of Early Lithographs. 

Sixteen specimens by David Cox, J. D. Harding, and other well-known 
artists ; and six of Furncss Abbey by Louis Haghe. 

Y 




322 Cajcton Celebration. 

2893. Senefelder Album. Herausgegeben von Ferdinand Schlotke. 
Hamburg, 187 1. 

Published at Hamburg, November 6th, 1871, exactly one hundred years from 
the birth of Senefelder. The plates in it exhibit interesting facsimiles of Sene- 
felder's earliest attempts, with the various improvements in the process of 
lithography from those of 1797-98, 1800, 1803-5, and 1808, down to the latest 
examples of colour-printing. There are also representations of various presses 
from the earliest, in 1 797, to the steam machine of to-day. The text in German 
chiefly consists of long extracts from Senefelder's work on the Art of Litho- 
graphy. This book was compiled and produced by Herr Ferdinand Schloke, 
himself an eminent lithographer of Hambui^, as a tribute of admiration to the 
inventor of the art. 

2894. Joseph and his Brethren. By Owen Jones and Henry Warren. 

2895. Scenes from Winter's Tale. 

2896. Scenes of Scottish Story. Engravings by William Ballingall. 

2897. Printing Times. New Series. Vols, i and 2. 1875, 1876. 

2898. Senefelder's Lithography. The English translation published 
by Ackerman in 181 9. 4to. 

2899. Hullmandel's Art of Drawing on Stone. 1824. Small 4to., 
with plates. 

2900. Hullmandel's Manual of Lithography. Third edition, 1832. 
8vo. 

2901. First Attempts at Lithography. Executed in Stuttgart in 1807. 

An interesting and very rare series of examples of lithc^japhy in various 
styles, being the first attempts made at Stuttgart. 

2902. Specimens of Improvements in Lithographic Printing. By Hull- 
mandel. 

These examples, although comparatively early, are extremely good, and com- 
pare favourably with much of the work of a like kind executed at the present 
time. 

2903. Stone of Senefelder's Portrait, and of an Etruscan design. Both 
given in Senefelder's complete course of Lithography. 

By a happy circumstance these two stones, which were printed in Senefelder's 
work, "L Art de la Lithc«japhie, 1819," have been preserved, and are now 
the property of M. J. Walter, head of the firm of MM. Walter freres, litho- 
graphers, of Paris. 

2904. Portrait of Andr^, Senefelder's associate, who introduced litho- 
graphy into England under the name of Polyautography. 

2905. Portrait of William Day, the first partner of Louis Haghe. By 
Baugniet 



Cla00 (K*— ©ook gilu0tration0, etc* 323 

2906. Copperplate Portrait of Louis Prang of Boston, leading chromo- 
lithographer in the United States. 

2907. Art Treasures of the Manchester Exhibition. 

2908. A Thousand-and-One Initial Letters. By Owen Jones. 

2909. Welcome to Alexandra. By Owen Jones. 

2910. Paradise and the Peri. By Owen Jones and Albert Warren. 

291 1. A Happy Trio. Painted by Louis Haghe, and chromolitho- 
graphed by Risden. 

Although long since become eminent as a painter, Louis Haghe commenced 



his career in this country as a lithographer, and to him England owes some of 
her best examples of early artistic work on stone. Louis Haghe was for 
years associated with the late Mr. Day, the title of the firm being Day and 
Haghe, afterwards Day and Son. Mr. Haghe paints and draws with his left 
hand. 

Lent by S. W. Kershaw, Esq., M.A. 

2912. Outlines in lithography of the choice illuminated MSS. in the 
Lambeth Library. Plate paper proofs. 

Contains a facsimile of the Gospel of Mac Duman (ix. Century), noted for 
its great rarity. 

Lent by Thomas Kelt, Esq. 

2913. Playing at School. After Birket Foster. 

2914. The Goatherd. After Birket Foster. 

2915. Bellagio, Lake of Como. After Birket Foster. 

2916. The Ferry Boat. After Birket Foster. 

2917. The Dead Gull. After Birket Foster. 

2918. Gems of Art A series of 1 2 subjects. After Birket Foster. 

2919. The Hill-side. After Birket Foster. 

2920. The Gamekeeper. After J. Hardy. 

A set of progressive printings illustrating the method of producing a chromo- 
lithograph from I S separate stones. 

2921. Example from Engraving on Stone. 

2922. Example from Ink Work on Stone. 

Lent by Michael Hanhart, Esq. 

2923. Specimens of Polyautography by Andre. 1801. Drawn on stone 
by B. West, R.A., Henry Fuseli, R.A., Thomas Stothard, R.A., 
James Barry, &c., &c. 



324 Cajcton Celebration* 

2924. Sketches on stone by Nicholson. Printed on toned paper. 1820. 

2925. Views in Scotland, by Nicholson. Printed on India paper. 1829. 

2926. Facsimiles of Sketches. 1832. Drawn on stone by Samuel Prout. 
Printed on tinted paper. 

2927. Sketches at Home and Abroad, in black and tint, by J. D. 
Harding. 1834. 

2928. Views in Egypt, on stone, by Louis Haghe after David Roberts, 
R.A., in black and two tints. 1856. 

1929. Imitation of Sketches by modem artists. Drawn on stone by 
R. Lane, A.R.A. 1826. 

2930. H.R.H. the Duchess of Kent and H.R.H. the Princess Victoria, 
on stone, by Richard Lane, A.R.A. after Sir George Hayter. 
1834. 

2931. Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme and companion, on stone by T. H. 
Maguire. 1854. 

2932. Chatsworth, 1852. Group of Portraits, the Duke of Devon- 
shire, &c. Drawn from life direct on stone by C. Baugniet. 1852. 

2933. Portrait of Albert Smith on stone, by Richard Lane, A.R.A. 
1851. 

2934. Drawings on stone by G. Cattermole. Printed by Hullmandel's 
litho-tint process. 1841. 

2935. Drawing in Mezzo-tint on stone, by Richard Westall, R.A. 1828. 

2936. Early Experiments in Chromolithography, by Engelmann and 
Hanhart. 1835. 

2937. The Old English Squire. After a drawing by Frederic Taylor. 

2938. Wooden Walls of Old England. After painting by Clarkson 
Stanfield, R.A. 1862. 

2939. Wild Roses and Water Lilies. After Birket Foster. 1872. 

2940. Spring Gatherings. After W. Hunt. 1863. 

2941. Fruit. After W. Hunt. 1862. 

2942. Winter and Summer in the Alps. After water-colour drawings 
by Elijah Walton. 1876. 



Cla00 dP*— Book 3|Uu0tration0, etc* 325 

2943. SEA-Shore. After water-colour drawing by Birket Foster. 1869. 

2944. Bridge of Badia. After T. M. Richardson. 1870. 

2945. Senefelder Lithography, the original German edition, 1818. 
I vol. 4to. 

2946. Specimens of Polyautography. 1801. 

2947. Lithographic Impressions of Sketches from Nature, by F. 
Nicholson. 182 1. 

2948. Senefelder, Alois, Portrait of, 1843. 

2949. Hanhart, Michael, Senior, Portrait of. 1848. 

2950. Engelmann, Gottfried, Portrait of. 

2951. Hullmandel, Charles, Portrait of. 185 1. 

Lent by Charles Terry and Co. 

2952. Scripture Cartoons illustrating the Life of Christ, designed as 
permanent and cheap wall-prints for schools, &c. ; washable and 
waterproof. 

Lent by M. F. Schumann. 

2953. Direct Transfer Process. Originals and Copies, printed from 
stone. 

No photo-apparatus required. A very cheap process, invented by Mr. Fritz 
Schumann, of Copenhagen, to transfer old prints to stone direct without 
damaging the original. 

Lent by Mrs. Henry Kingsley. 

2954. Study from Rembrandt van Ryn. 

2955. Portrait of Rembrandt van Ryn. 

2956. Portrait of a Cardinal. 

2957. Two Old Men, after Abraham Teniers. 

Lent by Messrs. Maclure and Macdonald. 

2958. Transfer Lithography from plain and granulated papers. 

2959. Illustration of the Economic Reproduction of Impressions 
from Stone, from fine art steel and copper plates, assisted by 
lithographic tint stones. 



326 Cawn Celebration. 

2960. Specimens of Photo-lithography, Combined Photography, and 
Chromo-lithography ; latest development ; Landscapes, Portraits, 

2961. A FEW sheets of a lithographic illustrated comic paper — " Glasgow 
Looking Glass," by A. Maclure. Published in 1825. 

2962. Prise de Constantine, and Retraite de Constantino, six subjects. 
Par Raffet. Paris, 1837. 

Lent by F. Pitman^ Esq. 

2963. A Relic of Westminster in Caxton's time. Water-colour drawing. 
By Paul Sandy. 

2964. An American Memorial of the First Printer in Lithography. 

2965. Specimens of Lithography applied to the printing of Shorthand. 

Lent by Messrs. Goupil 6^ Co. 

2966. " Le Gud" Lithograph after A. Bonheur, by S. Tessier. 

2967. " L'Abreuvoir." Lithograph after A. Bonheur, by S. Tessier. 

Lent by J. W. Last, Esq. 

2968. Caxton Examining his First Proof Sheet from his Printing Press 
in Westminster Abbey, 1477. 

Chromo-lithograph of the original picture by Wehnert, sent for exhibition 
by Mrs. Cropp. Specimen of chromo printing by Vincent Brooks, Day and 
Son. 

■*^ 

Lent by G. N. Hanhart, Esq. 

2969. Wailing Place of the Jews, Jerusalem, Holy Rock. Six views in 
Norway, Mosque of Omar. Chromo-lithograph. 

Lent by G. W. Reid, Esq., F.S.A. 

2970. Lord Cosmo Russell, after Sir Edward Landseer, lithograph by 
Richard Lane. 

2972. Kellerhoven, F. After Filipino Lippi. St. Bernard and the 
Virgin. In Chromo-lithography. 

2973. Kellerhoven, F. After Quintin Matsys. The Descent from the 
Cross. In Chromo-lithography. 



Claj2(0 (B>— Booli lllujaftratfone?, etc* 327 



Section V. — Photographs. 

Lent by Messrs. Brauneck and Mater. 

2974. Photographic Prints. Thirty-eight specimens of Permanent 
Photographs produced by machinery of their own invention. 



Section VI. — Zdncographs, dr'c. 

Lent by Messrs. Leitch and Co. 

2976. 
IHOTO-GRAVURE. Proofs from various blocks, surface and 
copper plate in intaglio, obtained by the aid of photography. 

Lent by Messrs. Frederick Muller and Co. 

2977. Reproduction in Photolithography by A. Kroon at Amsterdam, 
after the proc^dd-Asser, of two unique copper engravings, repre- 
senting an archers' concourse and the prizes distributed at Amster- 
dam in the 1 7 th century. 

Lent by Messrs. Bradbury, AgneWy and Co. 

2978. Nature-Printing. Specimen plates and process. 

A process for printing exactly Ferns and other flat botanical objects 
direct from "nature." 

2979. Nature-printed Ferns. Folio and 8vo. edition. 

2980. Nature-printed Sea-weeds. 8vo. 

Exhibiting the " Nature-printing Process" as improved and worked in this 
country. 

Lent by J. C Wilkins, Esq. 

2981. Electro-Photography, or etching on glass. 

Specimens of an early photc^japhic process of book illustration. 

Lent by C. W. H. Wyman^ Esq. 

2982. Dolly Varden. After Frith, by Risden. 

2983. Specimens of Processes, i. Photo-gravure. 

2984. Specimens of Processes. 2. Photo-lithography. 



3i8 CajCton Celebration* 

2985. Specimens of Processes. 3. Type-high Blocks. 

2986. Specimens of Processes. 4. Colour-printing Processes. 

2987. Specimens of Processes. 5. Various, including Autotype, Wood- 
bury-type, Heliotype, &c., &c. 

Lent by J, Ph. Berjeau, Esq. 

2988. Zinc Plate. From an early illustration to the Apocalypse. 

2989. Slate Block. From a manuscript in Sanscrit. 

Lent by the Woodbury Permanent Photographic Printing Company. 

2990. Woodbury-type Printing. Negative, Relief, Mould, and Printing 
Press. Prints produced by the Woodbury-type Process. 

Lent by L. Wamerke^ Esq. 

2991. Photo-engraving. Raised blocks for surface-printing produced 
from steel and wood engravings and pen-and-ink drawing ; also 
prints from the same. 

L^nt by George Unwin^ Esq. 

2992. Glyphography. Specimens of printing from raised copper 
blocks. By Edward Palmer. 

2993. Savage's History of Printing, 1822. Containing specimens of 
coloured printing from blocks. 

Lent by Messrs. Unwin Brothers. 

2994. Photo-lithography. Specimens of Lace, Curtains, and Anti- 
macassars, reduced from actual size. Plate-paper proofs. 



Lent by the Typographic Etching Company. 

2995. Photographic Engravings. Specimens of engravings for letter- 
press printing produced by the Typographic Etching process. 

2996. Photographic Engravings. Specimens of engravings for letter- 
press printing produced by the Typographic Etching Company's 
photo-relief process. 

2997. Photographic Engravings. Specimens of engravings for copper- 
plate printing produced by Alfred Dawson's photo-intaglio process. 



Cla00 (B^— Koofe 3|Uu5a(trat(onja(, etc* 329 

Photo-gravures from Pictures^ lent by Messrs. Goupil and Company, 

2998. " En Reconnaissance," after E. Detaille. 

2999. " Le Quai aux Fleurs," after F. Girard. 

3000. " Le Repos k la Ferme," after A. Moreau. 

3001. "Une Kermesse au moyen age," after A. Moreau. 

3002. " Le Petit Lever d'une Femme \ la Mode," after Palmaroli. 

3003. " Le Depart pour I'Eglise," after Kaemmerer. 

3004. " Une Noce sous le Directoire," after Kaemmerer. 

3005. " La Captive," after Mme. de Chatillon. 

3006. " Le Depart du Bateau de Sauvetage," after Mesdag. 

3007. " Le Retour du Bateau de Sauvetage," after Mesdag. 

3008. " Une Bonne Histoire," after Herrmann-Leo. 

3009. " La Justice au bon vieux temps," after Cortazzo. 

3010. *' Le Pbre Joseph," after Gerome. 

301 1. " La Rentr^e au Couvent," after Zamacois. 

3012. "Un Concert Florentin," after SorbL 

3013. "En Penitence," after L. Perrault. 

3014. "Les Femmes Savantes," after Rossi. 

3015. " Une Premiere Affaire," after Juglar. 

Photographic raised Blocks for Surface-printing^ ^c. Lent by Messrs. 
Manning and Son. 

3016. Reduced Block from Specimen-sheet, "Caxton showing first 
proof to King Edward the Fourth." 

3017. A Mythological Battle piece. Proof from a steel plate. 

3018. View of a Castle, from proof of a woodcut from page 84 of 
"The Land we live in." 

3019. Check. "The London Bank, Limited." Proof from a copper 
plate. 



330 Cajrton Celebratioiu 

302a Shakespeare's " As you Like it" From a print published by 
Boydell. 

3021. Specimen from pen-and-ink ruled page. 

3022. Specimen from manuscript music. 

3023. Scrolls from proof. 

Lent by the Proprietors of the " Graphite 

3024. Engravings produced by the Typographic Etching Process. 

Lent by F. Pitman^ Esq. 

3025. The Triumph of the Emperor Maximilian I. By Hans Burgkmair. 
Photolithographed for the Holbein Society by A. Brothers. 

Lent by Goupil 6^ Co. 

3026. Cup designed for Henry VHI. intended as a present for Jane 
Seymour. By Hans Holbein. 

Reprcxiuction from the original drawing in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, 
in photo-gravure. Two impressions, one printed in ordinary brown ink, the 
other in colours. 

Lent by Messrs. Seeley dr» Co. 

3027. Reproductions of early Engravings, by Monsieur Amand Durand. 
Illustrating the portfolio, 1877. 

Lent by Louis W. Applegathy Esq. 

3028. Examples of Letterpress Printing of fine rose engine work from 
curved stereotype plates. 

3029. Example of Copper-plate Printing from curved plates, in many 
water-colour inks. 

3030. Examples of Printing. Continuous paper with large surfaces and 
uniform colour. 

Lent by John Leighton^ Esq., F.S.A. 

3031. Frame of Etchings; printed from relief by John Leighton, F.S.A. 

303a. Notes on Books and Bindings. Broadside to hang in the Library. 
By Lohn Leighton, F.S.A. 



Cla00 (P.— -Boofe 3|lluj2ftratfon0, ttt. 331 

Zenf by the Patent Printing Surface Company. 

3033. Case of various Samples of Printing upon various substances. 

3034. Windows printed by the press, and afterwards burned in the 
ordinary way. 



Reprodtutions from Fine Engravings in Heliogravure. Lent by Amand 
Durand, through G. W. Reid, Esq. F.S.A. 

Italian School. 

3036. Anonymous. Fifteenth Century. The Assumption of the Virgin. 

3037. Anonymous. Fifteenth Century. Judith with the Head of Holo- 
femes. 

3038. MoDENA, Nicole tto da. The Nativity. 

3039. MoDENA, Nicoletto da. Virgin and Child with Angels. 

3040. MoDENA, Nicoletto da. Mars, standing, with architectural back- 
ground. 

3041. RoBETTA. Christ taking leave of his Mother. 

3042. Campagnola, Giulio. Christ and the Samaritan Woman. 

3043. Campagnola, Giulio. Saint John the Baptist. 

3044. Mantegna, Andrea. The Burial of Christ. 

3045. Mantegna, Andrea. The Man of Sorrows. 

3046. The Master I. F. T. Hercules killing the Hydra. 

3047. Francia, Jacomo. Female Saint supporting a small Picture of 
the Madonna. 

3048. Francia, Jacomo. The Holy Family. 

3049. Francia, Jacomo. Venus and Cupid. 

3050. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. Adam and Eve eating the Forbidden 

Fruit. 

3051. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. Adam and Eve driven out of Para- 
dise. 



33* Ca;rcon Celebration. 

3052. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. The Massacre of the Innocents. 

3053. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. Mary Magdalen at the Feet of Christ. 

3054. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. Mary and Martha ascending the 
Steps of the Temple. 

3055. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. The Madonna seated on the Clouds. 

3056. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. Holy Family near some Ruins. 

3057. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. The Descent from the Cross. 

3058. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. Christ seated in the Clouds between 
the Madonna and St. John. 

3059. Raimondi, Marc Antonio. Lucretia stabbing herself. 

3060. Anonymous. School of M. Antonio. An Allegory, with a Youth 
feeding a Calf, &c. 

German School. 

3061. Maniere Cribl^e. The Annunciation. 

3062. Maniere Cribl^. St. Anthony. 

3063. Maniere Cribl^e. St. Martin. 

3064. Master G. S. of 1466. The Virgin enthroned. 

3065. Veit Stoss. The Raising of Lazarus. 

3066. Schongauer, Martin. Christ bearing the Cross. 

3067. Schongauer, Martin. The Conversion of Saul. 

Dutch School. 

3068. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Head of the Painter. 

3069. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Rembrandt resting his arms on a stone 
cill, 

3070. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Rembrandt drawing. 

3071. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. The Triumph of Mordecai. 

3072. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. The Raising of Lazarus. 

3073. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Beggars receiving Alms. 



Cla00 (B.— Book 3|Uu0tration0, etc* 



333 



3074. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Landscape. "The three Trees." 

3075. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Landscape. " The Dutch Hay-bam." 

3076. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Landscape, with a " Mill-sail seen above a 
Cottage." 

3077. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Portrait of " Young Haaring." 

3078. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Portrait of Jan Asselyn. 

3079. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Portrait of the Burgomaster Six. 

3080. Ryn, Rembrandt Van. Portrait of Doctor Faustus. 

3081. RuiSDAEL, Jacob. Landscape, with Oak Tree. 

French School. 

3082. Duvet, Jean. St. John, writing the Apocalypse. 

Lent by G. W. Reid, Esq. 

3083. Charlet. " Adieu ! Banissez toute sensibility," 

3084. Charlet. "Tu as le respiration trop long." 

3085. Charlet. "Quand on a passd" 

3086. Charlet. " J'ai vu le Nil," &c. 

3087. Bellange. " Le Depart du Consent." 

3088. BellangI «Cre'" 

3089. Bellange. " Suffit mon Capitaine." 

3090. Raffet. " Le Bouillon du passage." 

3091. Raffet. " Le Moral est ^ffectd," &c. 

3092. Raffet. " II est defendu de Fumer." 

3093. Gericault. The Farrier's Shop. 

3094. Gericault. The Farrier's Shop, larger. 



tff!itt^nN*r j!fT^ 




Class H. 

PORTRAITS AND AUTOGRAPHS OF 

PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, AND 

CELEBRATED AUTHORS. 




Section I. 
PORTRAITS IN OIL, &c, OF PRINTERS. 

3115- 
AKER, William, eminent classical printer, of Ingram 
Court. 1 742-1 785. Crayon dramng. 

Lent by R. Cradock Nichols^ Esq. 

31 16. Baldwin, Charles., printer of the St. James's 
Chronicle. Lent by the Stationer^ Company. 

31 17. Baskerville, John. 1706-17 75. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

Celebrated for his types, his ** vellum " paper, and his press work. 

31 18. Bensley, Thomas, printer, of Bolt Court, London. 17 -18 . 

Lent by Edward Gardner^ Esq. 
Famous for his " fine " printing. He was the first, in connection with 
Konig, to introduce printing-machines. Painted by Jas. Ramsay, 1802. 

31 19. Blaew, William, printer and geographer, of Amsterdam. 15 71- 
1638. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

Friend of Tycho Brahe. His son Jans was the first improver of the old 
wooden printing-press. 



Cla00 ^.—^oxttaitsi and iSlutopapi^* 335 

3120. BowYER, William, printer. 1663-1737. Half length. 

Zent by the Stationer^ Company, 
Father of the celebrated printer and scholar. 

3121. Caslon, William, type-founder. 1682-1766. 

Lent by W. H. Caslon and Co. 

The father of modem type-founders. He began punch-cutting in 1 720, and 

his types were so excellent that England, instead of importing all her best 

from Holland, soon began to export. Exhibited on the landing with the 

Caslon exhibit. 

3122. Caslon, William, type-founder. 1720-1778. 

Lent by W. H. Caslon and Co. 
The second of the name. He succeeded to his father's foundry. Exhibited 
on the landing. 

3123. Caslon, Elizabeth, type-founder. Died 1809. 

Lent by W. H. Caslon and Co. 

Widow of Henry, son of the second William Caslon. Upon the death of 

her husband in 1778, she succeeded to the business in conjunction with the 

third William Caslon and the widow of William Caslon H. Exhibited on the 

landing. 

3124. Cave, Edward, printer, St John's Gate. 1 691-1754. Painted 
by F. Kyte, 1740. L^nt by John Brau Nichols^ Esq. 

Friend of Dr. Johnson. Originator and printer of the ** Gentleman's Maga- 
zine," 1731. 

3125. Constable, Archibald, printer and publisher, of Edinburgh. 
1 775-1827. Painted in 1823 by Sir Henry Raebum. 

lunt by Thomas Constable^ Esq. 
He published Scott's novels, *' Edinburgh Review," Ac 

3126. Eyre, Charles, parliamentary printer. L^nt by G. E. Eyre^ Esq. 

In 1769 Mr. Eyre took possession of the reversion of the Patent of King's 
printer. He ap()ointed Mr. Strahan as his printer, who, in 1770, purchased a 
share of the Patent. 

3127. Farley, Felix, of Bristol, printer. Miniature on ivory. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 
The first newspaper in Bristol was " Felix Farley's Journal," 1715. 

3128. Faulkner, George, printer, alderman of Dublin, c. 1700- 
1775. Lent by Stephen Austin y Esq. 

Apprenticed to the celebrated William Bowyer. Settled in Dublin about 
1726, and became confidential printer to Dean SMdft. Foote ridiculed him on 
the stage, for which Faulkner obtained j^joo damages in a court of law. 
•' Here sleeps George Faulkner, printer, once so dear 
To humourous Swift and Chesterfield's gay peer." 



33^ Cajcton Celebration^ 

3129. Franklin, Dr. Benj., printer and statesman. 1 706-1 790. Painted 
by Thomas Chamberlain, 1752. 

Lent by Madame Van Der Weyer. 
Purchased from the Franklin family by Joshua Bates, Esq., whose daughter, 
Madame Van Der Weyer, is the present owner. 

3130. Franklin, Dr. Benj. Attributed to Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

Lent by Miss Spottiswoode. 
Dr. Franklin was very intimate with Andrew Strahan, his Majesty's printer, 
for whom the portrait was painted, and from whom, in direct descent, it has 
passed to the present owner. 

31 3 1. Franklin, Dr. Benj. 1 706-1 790. Lent by Sturgis^ Esq. 

3132. Froben, John, printer at Basle. 1460-15 2 7. 

Lent by IV. B/ades, Esq. 
Began to print, 1494. Intimate friend of Erasmus. 

3133. Fry, Edmund, M.D., type-founder. 1 785-1832. 

Lent by Arthur Fry^ Esq. 
Succeeded Joseph Fry, his father, about 1790. Was a practical punch- 
cutter, and especially famous for his skill in Eastern characters. Sold his 
foundry, which included some founts from the old English foundries, in 1828, 
to Mr. Thorowgood, who transferred it to Fann Street. Dr. Fry published 
*' Pantographia " in 1799. Painted by Frederique Boileau. 

3134. Gutenberg, John. A contemporary drawing. Lent by Mrs. Stotve. 

3135. Guy, Thomas, M.P., printer and bookseller. 

Lent by the Stationers' Company. 
Painted after the original at Guy's Hospital by Vanderbaum. 

3136. Hansard, Luke, parliamentary printer. 1 752-1828. 

Lent by W. Blades ^ Esq. 

3137. Hodson, James Shirley, printer, secretary of the Printers' Pension 
Society for 33 years. 1 794-1869. 

L^nt by the Printer^ Pension^ &>€. Corporation. 

3138. Jackson, William, an excellent type-founder. Apprentice of 
Caslon I. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

3139. James, Thomas. 1660- 1735. 

Lent by the President and Fellows of Sion College^ London. 
Was printer to the Corporation of London, and a benefactor to the library 
of Sion College. 

3140. James, Mistress. Widow of John James. 

Lent by the President and Governor of Sion College, London. 

After her husband's death she carried on the business, and was City printer 

for some years. She had great intelligence, and was the only woman ever 

allowed to dine in Hall at Sion College. She is depicted in the full Sunday 

dress of a citizen's wife, temp. William and Mary. 



Cla00 l^*— Portraits anti iautograpj^* 337 

3 141. Jenkins, Thomas, printer, of Swansea. 1 780-1870. 

Lent by Bowel IV. WilliamSy Esq. 
Originated '* The Cambrian " newspaper in 1804, of which he was Proprietor 
and Editor for 50 years. A miniature. 

3142. Jenkins, Thomas, printer, of Swansea. 1 780-1870. 

Lent by Howel W. Williams^ Esq. 
A crayon portrait. 

3143. Nichols, John, F.S.A., learned printer. 1 745-1 766. 

Lent by the Stationer^ Company. 
Three-quarters seated. Painted by John Wood after John Jackson, R. A. 

3144. Nichols, John, F.S.A., learned printer. 1 745-1 766. 

Lent by Robert Cradock Nichols^ Esq. 
A tinted drawing by Edridge executed for " Cadell's Portraits." 

3145. Nichols, John Bowyer, F.S.A., printer and author. 1 779-1863. 

Lent by Robert Cradock Nichols^ Esq. 
Pencil drawing by Hop wood. 

3146. Nichols, John Gough, printer and antiquary. 1806- 187 3. 

L^nt by Robert Cradock Nichols^ Esq. 

3147. Powell, Jos. M., printer and journalist. 1822-1874. 

Lent by A. y. Powell, Esq. 
Founder in 1863 of "The Printers' Register," the oldest Enghsh journal 
devoted to the printing trade. 

3148. Richardson, Samuel, printer and celebrated novelist 

Lent by the Stationers' Company. 
Three-quarters standing. Painter not known. 

3149. Spottiswoode, Andrew, Esq., M.P. Painted for the Carlton 
Club. 

3150. Strahan, William, King's printer. 17 15-1785. 

Lent by the Stationer^ Company. 
Three-quarters seated. Painted by John Wood after Sir Joshua Reynolds. 
Was M.P. for Malmsbury together with the illustrious Charles James Fox. 
When young the celebrated Benjamin Franklin was his fellow-workman, and 
their friendship lasted their whole lives, notwithstanding the following letter 
written in the year 1775. 

315 1. Strahan, Andrew, M. P., King's printer. 17 -18 . 

Lent by the Stationers^ Company, 
Son of William Strahan. Three-quarters seated. Painted by William 
Owen, R.A. 

3i5ia.WHiTTiNGHAM, Charles, printer, founder of the "Chiswick 
Press," 1 767-1 840. Lent by Miss Whittingham. 

3I5i^.Whittingham, Charles, nephew of the preceding, successor to 
the "Chiswick Press," 1 795-1876. Lent by Miss Whittingham. 

z 



338 Cajcton Celebration* 

3152. WiLKiNS, John, printer, of the " Chiswick Press." 1817-1869. 
Crayon. Lent by J. C. IVilkins, Esq. 

3153. Williams, John, printer, of Swansea. Painted by Pelham. 

Lent by Howel W. Williams, Esq. 

3154. Wilson, John, celebrated Scottish vocalist and operatic tenor 
of the Theatre Royal, London. 1 800-1 849. 

Lent by W. Henderson, Esq. 
Served his apprenticeship as a compositor, and afterwards was a reader in 
the firm of Ballantyne and Co. An autograph letter accompanies this por- 
trait. 

3155. WooDFALL, William. 1 745-1803. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

Printer and editor of the ** Morning Chronicle/' and parliamentary re- 
porter. Painted by Sage. 



Section II. 

ENGRAVED PORTRAITS OF PRINTERS AND 

PUBLISHERS. 

ENGLISH. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

3156. 
MES, Joseph, F.R.S., F.S.A. 1689-1759. Thomas Hodgetts sc. 

Bibliographer and author of " Typographical Antiquities." 

3157. Ames, Joseph. Another. {Sine notd.) 

3158. Bagford, John. 1650-17 16. H. Howard pinx. G. Vertue 
sc. 1728. 

Formed a large collection of title-pages by tearing them out of books. 
Erected a printing press on the frozen Thames in 1 740. 

3159. Bagford, John. {Sine notd.) 

3160. Barber, John, Lord Mayor of London. 1676-1741. B. Dand- 
ridge pinx. Faber fecit. 

City printer, 1 709, and the first of his craft who sat on the civic throne. 

3161. Barber, John. 1733. 

3162. Baskerville, John, type-founder and printer, Birmingham. 
1706-1775. 

The whole foundry of this celebrated printer was sold to Beaumarchais, the 
French dramatist, who printed an edition of Voltaire with Baskerville's types ; 
after which time there is no notice of them. An autograph letter from 
Baskerville to M. Pierres, printer, Paris, concerning a supply of his types, is 
hung beside this portrait. It is dated Birmingham, 2 Dec. 1773. 




Cla00 1^.— l^ortraiw anU SLuto^tap^^. 339 

Len/ by IF. Blades, Esq. 

3163. BowYER, William. 1 699-1 777. Engraved by Basire. 

Eminent as a printer, a scholar, and a critic. Printer to House of Com- 
mons, 1729; to House of Lords, 1767 ; wrote "Origin of Printing," 1776. 

3164. BowYER, Guglielmus, architectus verborum aetat lxxviii. Jac. 
Basire ad vivum del. et sc. 

3165. BowYER, William. Published by G. Jones. 

3166. Brice, Andrew (of Exeter). 1690-17 7 3. Jackson del. Wood- 
man sc. 

Very eccentric as printer, author, and comedian. Edited the " Topographic 
Dictionary. " 

3167. Brice, Andrew. Another. Engraved by Ed. Lenney, 1794. 

3168. Brice, Andrew. Another. {Si?te notd.) 

3169. Brice, Andrew. Another. {Sine notd.) 

3170. Bulmer, William. 1 757-1830. 

One of the best printers of his age. His chef-ctoeuvre was the folio Shake- 
speare, 1 791 -1 802. 

3 1 7 1 . Bulmer, William . 

From **Bibliotheca Spenceriana." 

3172. Caslon, Gulielmus. Typorum librariorum Artifex Londinensis. 
1692-1766. Kyte pinx. 1740. Faber fecit. 

The originator of the celebrated type-foundry bearing his name, and the 
most artistic punch-cutter of the i8th century. 

3173. Caslon, William. Another. {Sine notd.) 

3174. Caslon, Mrs. E. Died 1795. Engraved by E. Lenney. 

Widow of Caslon II. She carried on the foundry successfully for many 
years. 

3175. Cave, Edward. 1 691-1754. Painted by F. Kyte and engraved 
by J. Basire. 

Friend of Johnson. Founded " Gentleman's Magazine " in 1731, and printed 
it at St. John's Gate. 

3176. Cave, Edward. F. Kyte del 1740. E. Scriven sc. 

3177. Cave, Edward. W. Kyte, 1740. T. Worlidge p. 



340 Cajcton Celebration* 

Lent by \V. Blades^ Esq. 

3178. Day, John, 1562. 1522-1584. 

Printer of the Reformation, i^tatis 40. " Life is Death and Death is 
Life." His motto was "Arise, I say, for it is Day." 

3179. Day, John. Another. T. Wight sc. 

3180. Eaton, Daniel Isaac. 1 764-1820. Abbot pinx. Sharpe sculp. 

"Frangas non flectes." Styled himself "Printer to the Majesty of the 
People." Was tried three times for sedition. 

3 1 80*. Eyre, George, King's printer. 1794-183 7. 

Lent by G. E. Eyre^ Esq. 

3181. Gent, Thomas, of York, printer, set. 80. 1691-1778. W. 
Doughty pinx. T. French sc. 

An eccentric printer and author, who wrote some valuable works on the 
antiquities of Yorkshire, and an amusing autobiography. 

3182. Gent, Thomas. Another. {Sine notd.) 

3183. Gent, Thomas. Another. P. Roth well sc. 181 2. 

3184. Hearne, Thomas. 1 678-1 735. 

Had the title of Architypographus, Oxon. Was an indefatigable antiquary. 
Hearnius behold ! in Closet close y-pent, 
Of sober face, with learned Dust besprent ; 
'Yo future Ages will his Dulness last, 
Who hath preserv'd the Dulness of the past. 

3185. Herbert, William. 1718-1795. Published 1809. 

Editor and enlarger of Ames's " Typographical Antiquities." 

3186. Jackson, Joseph, Letter-founder. 1 723-1792. 

An apprentice of Caslon L, and an excellent punch-cutter. 

3187. Kirgate, T. Painted and etched by E. E. 

The practical printer of the Strawberry Hill Press. 

3188. Lipsius, Justus Iscanus, was the glory of his time, the first in- 
ventor of printing at the Roeling Press. Aged 36. R. Gay wood 
fecit. P. Stent exc. 

3189. MoxoN, Joseph. 1 629-1 686. 

Hydrc^apher to the King, printer and type-founder in London from 1659 
to 1683; author of " Mechanick Exercises," 4to., London, 1683, the first 
book on the printer's art in the English language. 

3190. Nichols, John, F.S.A. 1 744-1826. 

Apprentice of W. Bowyer. Wrote and printed "Literary Anecdotes," 
1812-15. 



€la^9i !^.— portrait anti 5lutoffcapS0* 341 

Zenf by W. Blades, Esq. 

3192. Nichols, John, F.S.A. Painted by J. Jackson, R.A. Engraved 
by C. Heath. 1812. 

3193. Nichols, John, F.S.A. Engraved by A. Cardon, from a drawing 
by H. Edridge. 

3194. Nichols, John, F.S.A. Painted by J. Jackson, R.A. Engraved 
by J. Basire. 

3195. Nichols, John, F.S.A. Painted by J. Jackson, R.A. Engraved 
by W. J. Fry. 

3196. Nichols, John, F.S.A. {Sine notd.) 

3197. Nichols, John, F.S.A. {Sine notd.) 

3198. Ogilvius, Johannes. 1600-1676. P. Lilly pinxit. Guil. 
Faithome sc. 

Printer to King Charles II. Translated Virgil and Homer into English 
verse. 

3199. Spottiswoode, Andrew. Painted by Thos. Phillips, R.A. 
Engraved by J. Bromley. 

3200. Strahan, William, King^s printer. 17 15-1785. Painted by Sir 
Joshua Reynolds. Engraved by J. Jones. 1792. 

3201. Taylor, Richard, F.L.S., printer. 1 781-1859. 

Lent by J. C. Bloomfield, Esq. 
Thirteen years Treasurer to the Printers' Pension, Ac. Corporation. 

3202. ToNSON, Jacob. 1656-1736. Kneller pinx. Faber fecit 1733. 

Bookseller and printer. Rowe says of him : — 

*' Thou, Jacob Tonson, wert, to my conceiving, 
The cheerfullest, best honest fellow living." 

3203. Walter, John, founder of the "Times" Newspaper. 1738- 
181 2. Engraved on wood from the bust at Bearwood by Vizi- 
telly. 2. Woodcut of Bearwood. 3. Autograph letter of John 
Walter, dated Sept. 9, 181 2. 

3204. Wight, John, printer. (Engraved on wood as his mark.) Printed 
1551 to 1558. 

3205. Wight, John. Another. 

" Welcome the wyght that bringeth such light.'* 

3206. WooDFALL, William. 1745-1803. Small oval. 1795. 

The title-page of Vol. I. of " Report of the Debates in the Two Houses of 
Parliament. 



342 Cajcton Celebration. 

FRENCH. 
Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

3207. Claye, F., printer, Paris. (A private plate.) 

3208. CoiGNARD, Joan. Bapt. Regis et Academ. Galliae Typographus. 
A. Pesne pinx. 1724. Petit sc. 1732. 

3209. DiDOT, Pierre, I'ain^, Typographe frangais. 1761-1853. J. T 
Wedgwood sc. 

Enlai^ed from a medal by Veyrat. 

3210. DiDOT, Firmin. 1 764-1 836. G. Staal. 

Equally celebrated as author, typefounder, and printer. 

321 1. DiDOT, Ambroise Firmin. 1 790-1875. G. Staal. 

Son of Firmin Didot, who by his talents in all departments of literature, art, 
and typography, brought the fame of this celebrated family of printers to its 
highest point. 

3212. Gering, Ulric, circa 1440-15 10. 

Introduced the printing-press to France, 1469. 

3213. Le Mercier, Pierre Augustin. 1666-1734. Imprimeur ordi- 
naire de la Ville. Van Loo pinx. T. DaulM sc. 

3214. Leonard, Fredericus, Bruxellensis, Regis Serenissimi Delphini 
et Cleri Gallicani Architypographus, set. lxvi. 161 6-1 682. 
Rigaud pinx. Edelinck sc. 

3215. Morel, Claude, printer at Paris, aet. 52. {Sine notd.) 1574-1626. 

3216. Panckoucke, a. C. J. 1 736-1 799. Thouron pinx. Lith. de 
Langlume'. 

Editor and printer of ** Le Moniteur." 

3217. Panckoucke, C. L. F. i 780-1844. Lith. de Langlum^, 1820. 

Printer of Paris and editor of ** Les Victoires des Fran9ais." 

3218. Simon, Pierre Guillaume. Imprimeur du Parlement. Bom 1722. 
Pougin de St. Aubin pinx. Ingouf Junr. sc. 1786. 

3219. Stephanus, Robertus. 1 503-1 559. 

Printer of many Bibles. Fled to Geneva, 1551. 

3220. Stephanus, Rob'tus. Another. {Sine noid.) 

3221. ViTRE, Antonius. Regis et Cleri Gallicani Typographus. 
1 595-1 674. P. Champaigne pinx. Morin sc. 

Typefounder and printer of the Royal Printing Office, Paris. Cast the first 
Syriac. 



Cla00 1^.— Portraits ann jautograptijaf* 343 

GERMAN. 
Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

3222. Agricola, Conrad, University printer at Altdorf. 155 7-1 6 17. 
T. G. Beck sc. 

3223. Breitkopf, Joh. Gott. Imman. 1719-1794. Wachsmann sc. 

Printer and scholar. Improved music types, 1755. " Hbtory of Printing," 
1 774. ♦ ' Origin of Playing Cards, " 1 784. 

3224. Barthel, Christ., printer at Leipzig. 1682-1755. 

3225. Baumann, George, Junr., printer at Breslau. 1618-1650. 

The '• Stadtbuchdruckerei " at Breslau, which was established in 1504, is still 
carried on. 

3226. Bergen, Gimel. Bom at Lubeck, 1543. Printer at Dresden. 

3227. Brockhaus, F. a., publisher and printer. 1772-1823. 

Lithograph portrait and autograph letter, 18 16. 

3228. DUMLERUS, Jeremias, printer and bookseller at Nurenberg. 
1 5 98- 1 66 7. -^tatis suae lxix. 

3229. Endter, Georg, der AUter. 1562-1630. Cornelius Nicolaus 
Schurtz sc. 

Famous printer at Nurenbei^. His right hand on the head of his son, beside 
whom is a d(^ and beneath the mon(^;ram H A E. 

3230. Endter, Johannes Andreas. 1625-1673. 

3231. Endter, Michael 16 13-1682. 

3232. Endter, Wolfgang, Junior. 1622-1655. 

3233. Endter, Wolfgang Mauritius. 1653-1697. 

3234. Endter, Wolfgang, Senior. 1593-1659. 

3235. Endterus, Georgius, Senior. 1 562-1 630. {Sine notd.) 

3236. Endterus, Balthasar Joachim, printer at Nurenberg. 1649- 
1719. 

3237. Endter, Peter Frid., printer at Nurenberg. 1653-17 15. 

3238. Endterus, Georgius Andreas, printer at Nurenberg. 1654-1 7 17. 
-^tatis suae lxiv. Beck sc. 

3239. Endterus, Johan. Dan., printer of Nurenberg. 1681-1726. 



344 Cajcton CeUbcation. 

Lent by IV. Blades, Esq. 

3240. Faust, Johan, Artis impressoriae inventor seu rectius emendator 
felicissimus. 15th century. 

♦^ ** -" ' One of the celebrated trio, Gutenberg, Faust, and Schoeffer, to whom is due 
the invention of printing. 

3241. Faust, Johan. Another. Rosmaester sc. > 

3242. Faust, Johan. Another. {Sine notd.) 

3243. Felsecker, W. E., printer of Nurenberg. 1626-1680. 

3244. Felsecker, Adam Jonathan, Norimbergensis Civis, Bibliopola 
et Typogfaphus. 1683-1729. Schmidt sc. 

3245. Feyerabendus, Sigismondus. 1527-1592. I. Sadeler sc. 

Celebrated for the magnificent woodcuts with which he adorned the books 
he printed. 

3246. Feyerabend, Sigismund. On wood by Jost Amman. 

3247. Gerhard, Christ., printer at Nurenberg. 1624-1681. M. 
Roster sc. 

3248. Gutenberg, J oh. B. 1400-1468. 

The inventor of moveable tjrpes. Engraved by Schuler from an old original 
painting. 

3249. Gutenberg, John. A woodcut. 

3250. Gutenberg, John. De Larmessin sc. 

3251. Gutenberg, John. Composed in stigmatype by Herr Fasol, of 
Vienna. 

3252. Gutenberg, Johannes. 

The statue by Thorwaldsen erected at Mayence, 1837. 

3253. Hardtwick, Constantinus, of Nurenberg, senator, typefounder, 
and punch-cutter. 1650 to 17 15. 

The celebrated punch-cutter Fleischman, of the Haarlem Foundry, served 
his apprenticeship to him. 

3254. Hein, M. G. Learned printer of Nurenberg. 1659-17 19. T. 
G. Beck sc. 

3255. HoLSTius, Johan, burgomaster and printer at Bremen. 1648 
tor. 1731. 

3256. Koburger, Anthony, printer at Nurenberg. Died 15 13. 



Cla0}a( 1^.— I^ortcait0 and ^lutograpjjj. 345 

Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

3257. KoELER, Henningus Norimbergensis, Civis et Typographus. 
1599-1656. 

3258. KoELER, Henning, aetat. 30. Printer of Nuremberg. 

3259. Lauer, Johann, printer, Nuremberg. 1560-1641. 

3260. LuCHTMANN, Jeron., Buchdrucker. 

A small mez^tint. 

3261. LuFFT, Johannes, printer and bookseller of Wittemberg. 1495- 

1554. 

Printed many of Luther's tracts. 

3262. Mentelinus, Johannes, Argentoratensis. 1410-1478. M. 
Roster sc. 

First printer at Strasbourg. 

3263. Operinus, Joannes, of Basle. 1507-1568. 

Celebrated printer of the Greek Classics. 

3264. Petreius, Johannes, Doctus T)rpographus Norimbergensis. 
1497-1550. Schiibler sc. 

A learned printer, who excelled in the acciuacy of his Latin and Greek 
typography. 

3265. Rhauus, Georgius, Wittemberg. 1 488-1 548. 

Driven from Leipsic, he settled at Wittemberg, and there printed many 
important works for the Lutherans. 

3266. Sarigrius, D., printer and bookseller, 1529-1592. Ingold- 
stadiensis. 

3267. Scheffer, Petrus, de Gemsheim, Civis et Typographus Mogun- 
tinus, Gener Johannis Faustii, primarii artis typographicae inven- 
toris. 1420-30 to 1505. 

One of the celebrated trio who invented moveable types. 

3268. Scheffer, P. (Sine notA.) 

3269. Sebald, C. a., printer of Nuremberg. 

An oval etching. 

3270. Stelterus, Johannes, of Konigsburg, printer to the King of 
Prussia. 1685 to ^. 1731. 

3271. Wagner, Matthew, Typographus Ulmensis optime meritus. 
1 648- 1 694. T. G. Beck sc. 

3272. Winkler, Andreas, printer at Breslau. 1498-1575. 



34^ Caxton Celebration* 

DUTCH. 
Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

3273. Blaeu, Guilielmus. 1571-1638. "Indefessus agendo." J. 
Falck sc. 

Printer to Tycho Brahe, the astronomer, and improver of the original wooden 
press. 
An autograph letter, signed, dated Amsterdam, 1606. 

3274. CooRNHERT, Dirk Volckerszoon, author and printer at Haarlem. 
1522-1590. 

3275. Coster, Laur. Primus artis typographicae inventor. J. V. 
Campden pinx. J. v. Veldt sc. 

Recent researches have entirely disproved the existence of Coster as a 1 5th 
century printer, who for a long time was considered as the inventor of printing. 

3276. Coster, Laur. J. Saenredam fecit. A. Romanus exc. 

3277. Coster, Laur. Statue in Me(^al Garden, Haarlem. Jelgersma 
del. Van der Laan fee. 1740. 

3278. Coster, Laur. Three small busts. 

3279. Coster, Laur. J. Van Campen pinx. P. Volyn sc. 

3280. Coster, Laur. C. van Noorde. 

From the statue erected by John Enschede. 

3281. Coster, Laur. Statue. Jelgersma inv. Van der Laan fee. 

3282. Coster, Laur. Moxon sc. 

The true effigies of, delineated from his monumental stone statue erected at 
Haarlem. 

3283. Coster, Laurence Janszoon. Van der Laan sc. Saenredam f. 
A. Romanus exc. 

3284. Coster, Laurence Janszoon. J. van Campen del. De Lar- 
messin sc. 

3285. Coster, Laurence Janszoon. 

Woodcut, full length. 

3286. Coster, Laurence Janszoon. 

3287. Coster, Laurence Janszoon. Houbraken sc. 

Frontispiece to Maittaire's "Annales," contains portraits of Coster, Guten- 
berg, Faust, Aldus, and Frobenius. 



CU0ja( l^^— ll^ortrato and iautograp^jaf^ 347 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

3288. Elzevier, Daniel, printer at Amsterdam. 1626-1680. Litho- 
graphed by C. Last. 

3289. Ensch ED E, Johannes, Lettergieter en Boekdrukker. 1 708-1781. 
C. V. Noorde sc. 1768. 

Founder of the Haarlem Type Foundry. 

3290. Fleischman, J. M. Konstig Letter stempel snyder. 1701-1768. 
C. V. Noorde sc. 

A very clever and artistic piinch-cutter. 

3291. Fleischman, J. M., punch-cutter for the Ensched^ firm of 
Haarlem. Engraved by R. Vinkeles, 1798. 

3292. MoRETUS, Balthazar. 15 74-1 641. De Larmessin sc. 

Son-in-law and successor of Christopher Plantin, of Antwerp. 

3293. Raphelengius, Franciscus. 1539-1597. De L'Armessin sc. 

Professor of Hebrew at Leyden, and printer at Antwerp, where he succeeded 
the celebrated Plantin. 

3294. Van Zuren, John, printer of Haarlem. i6th century. Engraved 
by H. Goltzius and with autograph signature. 

Lent by Frederick Muller and Co., Amsterdam. 

3295. KosTER, Laurens, pretended inventor of typography (Haarlem, 
1429). Three woodcuts, published about 1630 by A. Roman, 
Haarlem, 1630. 

3296. KosTER, Laurens. Another. Engraved by P. Saenredam. 

First state with A. Roman's address ; changed afterwards into that of P. 
Casteleyn. 

3297. KosTER, Laurens. Another. After J. Van Campen by J. Van 
Velde. 

3298. KosTER, Laurens. Another. Engraved by J. Houbraken, 1764. 

3299. Van Zuren, Joh., printer at Haarlem. i6th century. Engraved 
by H. Goltzius. 

With autograph signature. 

3300. Raphelengius, Franc, printer and professor in Oriental lan- 
guages at Leiden, son-in-law to Plantin. By De Larmessin. 

3301. Moret, Balth., printer in Antwerp. "Plantini nepos." After 
C. Quellinus by C. Galle. 



348 Canton Celebration^ 

Lent by Frederick Muller and Co., Amsterdam. 

3302. Elzevier, Daniel, printer in Amsterdam. Lithographed by C. 
Last 

3303. Blaeu, W., famous printer in Amsterdam, publisher of the 
Great Atlas. By T. Falck. 

3304. MoRTiER, P., publisher at Amsterdam. English mezzotint. (By 
Faber?) 

Proof before letters. 

3305. De la Fond, publisher at Amsterdam of the Gazette de Hol- 
lande. By P. Lombart. 

3306. Enschede, J., type-founder and printer at Haarlem. By C. Van 
Noorden. 

3307. Fleischman, J. M., type-cutter for the Enschede Firm at 
Haarlem. By R. Vinkeles, 1768. 

3308. Fleischman, J. M. Another. With his instruments. By C. 
van Noorden. 

3309. Feyerabend, S., famous printer and publisher at Franckfort. By 
T. Sadeler, 1587. 

3310. Merian, M., editor and engraver at Franckfort. 

331 1. Endter, Joh. A., bookseller at Nurnberg. By B. Kilian. 

3312. Frobenius, famous editor in Basel. After Holbein, by L. Viss- 
cher. 

Proof before letters. 

3313. Frobenius. Another. 

With letters. 

3314. Frobenius. Another. Mezzotint by W. Vaillant 

3315. Morel, Claude, printer in Paris, aet. 52. 

Without name of engraver. 

3316. Jombert, Ch. A., bookseller in Paris. After Cochin, by Aug. de 
St Aubin. 

3317. BoDONi, G., famous Italian printer. After Bodoni, by Mussi. 



ITALIAN, SWISS, AND BELGIAN. 
Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

3318. BoDONi, J. Bapt., Italian Printer. After Bodoni, by MussL 

3319. Bodonio, Joanni Baptistae, Cath. Maj. Typographo Nemini in 
Arte secundo. 1 740-1813. 

Celebrated printer of Parma. His chief work was an edition of Homer. 

3320. Bodonio, Joanni Baptistae. Autograph letter, dated Parma, 1805. 

3321. Brahe, Tycho, astronomer and printer. 1 546-1 601. 

Established a complete printing office on the island of Uranienbei^. 

3322. Brake, Tycho, aetatis suae 40. 

3323. Frobenius, Johan. 1460-1547. 

Printer at Basle and friend of Erasmus. 

3324. Frobenius, Johannes, Typograph. Basiliensis. 

Inscribed to Dr. Tanner, Chancellor of Norwich. 

3325. Frobenius, Johannes. 1 460-1 547. Mezzotint by W. Vaillant. 

3326. Frobenius, Johannes, engraved by Audinet from a painting by 
Holbein. 

3327. Frobenius, Johannes. Visscher fecit. 

3328. Froschover, Christopher, printer and bookseller at Zurich. 
Fleischmann sc. 

Began to print 1522, and for fifty years issued excellent and well-printed 
books. 

3329. Manutius, Aldus Pius. 1449-15 15. Four portraits in one 
frame. 

The most celebrated printer among the many that Italy has produced. 

3330. Manutius, Aldus Pius. Aug. St. Aubin fecit. 

3331. Manutius, Paulus. 1511-1574. 

Printer to Pope Pius IV. at Rome. 

3332. Manutius, Paulus. De Larmessin sc. 

3333. Operinus, Joannes, Basiliensis. 1507-1562. Three portraits in 
one frame. 

Professor of Greek at the University of Basle. 



350 Cawn Celebration* 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

3334. Plantin, Christopher, Architypographus regius. 15 14-1590. 
H. Goltzius fee. 

Celebrated printer of Antwerp. His printing office still remains the same 
as in the sixteenth century, and has been purchased as a museum by the City of 
Antwerp. 

3335. Plantin, Christopher. Michael Rosier sc. 

3336. Plantin, Christopher. Monogram, AP. 

3337. Plantin, Christopher. (From Dibdin, "Bib. Dec") 

3338. Plantin, Christopher. E. de Boulonois fecit. 

3339. Plantin, Christopher. An autograph letter, 1563. 

Lent by W. Henderson. Esq. 

3340. Constable, Archibald. 

3341. Scott, Sir Walter. 

Lent by the Printer^ Pension, ^c. Corporation. 

3342. Billing, Thomas, printer. 17 7 7-1865. 

Twenty-one years Collector to the Printers' Pension Society. 

3343. Pope, Charles, printer. 1806-187 3. 

Twenty-three years Collector to the Printers' Corporation, 

3343*.Darkin, James John, printer. 1 807-1 869. 

Twentr-five years Secretary to the Printers' Almshouse Society. 

Section III. 

ENGRAVED PORTRAITS OF CELEBRATED MEN AT 
ONE TIME PRINTERS. 



3344- 

Rj^IBDIN, Rev. Thos. Frognall, M.A. 1 770-1847. Engraved by 
» I^S • ^* ^^y^^ iroxiv a drawing by Wageman. 

Tj^ffi Celebrated bibliographer. Edited and enlarged Herbert's and 

i¥sFiSflp Ames's "Typc^aphical Antiquities." 



3345. Egan, Pierce. C. Turner sc. 

Compositor and successful playwright. 

3346. Franklin, Benjamin. 1706-1790. Duplessis pinx. J.Thomp- 
son sc. 

His first important advancement in public life he attributed to the superior 
manner in which he executed some printing for the Assembly of Pennsylvania. 

3347. Franklin, Benjamin. Engraved for the "Select Portrait 
Gallery." 



€U09i %—^ovtvait0 anH jautopap^j2f* 35i 

I^nt by W. Blades, Esq. 

3348. Franklin, Benjamin. Aug. Fox sc. 

3349. Franklin, Benjamin. Duplessis pinx. W. J. Edwards sc. 

3350. Franklin, Benjamin, LL.D. and F.R.S. Engraved from an 
original picture by John Lodge. 

3351. Guy, William, founder of Guy's Hospital. 1644-1724. "Dare 
quam accipere." Bacon inv. Bartolozzi sc. 

Was an extensive printer and seller of cheap Bibles, and about 17 10 leased 
the Clarendon Press, Oxford. His warehouse was in Lombard Street. 

3352. Statue of Guy. Basire del. Engraved by M. Middleton. 

3353. Leybourn, Gulielmus. Philom. Anno setatis 27. 1626-1690. 

Printer of London, and an eminent mathematical author. 

3354. Leybourn, Gulielmus. Anno setatis 30. R. Gaywood fecit. 

3355. Leybourn, Gulielmus. Anno aetatis 48. R. White del. et sc. 

3356. Margaret, Duchess of Burgundy, died 1503. Engraved from 
the original, formerly in the possession of T. Kerrick, M.A. 

Received William Caxton into her household about 1469, and employed him 
to translate into English ** Le Recueil des Histoires de Troye," which was put 
to press about 1474, and is the first book printed in English. 

3357. Margaret, Duchess of Burgundy. Drawn on stone by John 
Tupper, Esq. 

3358. Margaret, Countess of Richmond. 1441-1509. R. B. Har- 
raden del. W. T. Fry sc. 

Mother of King Henry VH., and a patron of William Caxton, who printed 
for her " Blanchardine and Eglantine" and the ^* Fifteen Oes." 

3359. Preston, William. 1 740-1818. Painted by Drummond. En- 
graved by Thomson. 

Compositor in the office of William Strahan, and afterwards partner with 
Andrew Strahan. Wrote "Illustrations of Masonry." 

3360. Richardson, Samuel, printer and novelist. 1689-1761. High- 
more pinx. Car. Watson sc. 

3361. Richardson, Samuel. Engraved by Schiavonetti. 

3362. Richardson, Samuel. Engraved by J. M. Bemigeroth. 1756. 

3363. Richardson, Samuel, " Author of Clarissa." 

3364. Richardson, Samuel. Engraved by Basire. In the same frame 
are Richardson's house at Parson's Green, and the title-page to 
" Pamela." 



352 Cajcton Celebration* 

Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

3365. George John, Earl Spencer. 1758-1834. 1819. 

Celebrated book -collector, who formed the magnificent library at Althorp. 

3366. Walpole, Horatio, Earl of Orford. 171 7-1 797. J. Reynolds 
pinx. G. Scharf litho. 

Established the Strawberry Hill Press, 1752. 

3367. Walpole, Horatio, Earl of Orford. (Sine nota.) In the same 
frame is a portrait of his printer Kirgate, etched by E. Edward. 

3368. Walpole, Horatio, Earl of Orford. Drawn by W. Evans. 
Engraved by H. Meyer. 181 1. 

3369. Blackstone, Judge. 1 723-1780. Painted by Gainsborough. 
Engraved by J. Hall. 

Was in his youth a practical printer. 

3370. CowpER, William. 1 731-1800. 1824. Drawn by Jackson, 
R.A. Engraved by W. Haddon. 

Had a printing-press in his residence, where he "set up" and printed some 
of his poems with his own hand. 

3371. Keelev, Robert. 1 793-1 869. 

For many years a practical printer. Was apprenticed to Luke Hansard. 

3372. Montgomery, James, printer, poet and journalist, of Sheffield. 
1771-1854. 

3373. Towers, Dr. 1737-1799- Dnimmond pinx. Engraved by 
Earn. 1796. 

Political and historical writer. In his youth a printer. 

3374. Wight, John, printer. (Engraved on wood as his mark.) 
Printed 1551 to 1558. 

3375. Wight, John. Another. 

"Welcome the wyght that bringeth such light." 

3376. Wilkes, John, Lord Mayor of London. Pine pinx. Dickinson 
fecit. 

Erected a printing-press in his private residence, whence he issued some 
political squibs, and an infamous work entitled " An Essay on Woman," as a 
parody on Pope's celebrated " Essay on Man." 

3377. Buckingham, James Silk, journalist. 1786-1855. A woodcut. 

3378. DiDOT, Ambroise Firmin, 1876. 

A photograph. 

3379. LiPSius, Justus Iscanus, was the glory of his time, the first 
inventor of printing at the Roeling Press. Aged 36. R. 
Gaywood fecit. P. Stent exc. 



Claj2(0 1^*— portraits anti jautograpSjj. 353 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq, 

3380. Pompadour, Mde. d'E. Marq. de. 1 721-1764. Sch^nau del. 
Littrdt sc. 1764. 

Mad. de Pompadour, mistress of Louis XV., patroness of literature, pur- 
chased a small but complete printing office, and placed it in her own apart- 
ments at Versailles. There she assisted in the production of some verses of 
Comeille, which were illustrated by etchings from her own hand. 

3381. Pompadour, Madame de. Another. 

3382. Beranger, p. Jean de, French poet, originally a printer. 1780- 

1857. 

In the same frame is an autograph note of the poet. 

3383. Beranger. Another. (Sine notd.) 

3384. Brune, Marshal. 1 763-1815. Lith. de Delpech. 

Was a working printer in his youth. 

3385. Restif de la Breton. 1734-1806. L. Binet del. L. Berthet inc. 

Was for many years foreman in a printing office at Paris before he became 
famous as a novelist. 

3386. Richelieu, Cardinal Armandus Joannes Du Plessis, Due de. 
1585-1642. 

Founder of the Royal Printing Office, Paris. 

3387. Richelieu, Cardinal. Another. P. de lode sc. 

3388. Tallien, J. L., French Revolutionist. 1 769-1 820. Bouteville 
del. I. Jones sculpsit. 

Was for many years a working printer. 

3389. Beaumarchais, p. a. C. de, dramatist and printer. 1 732-1 799. 
Gravd par Hopwood. 

3390. Chateaubriand, F. A. Vicomte de, author and statesman. 
1 768-1848. 

3391. DiJRER, Albrecht, H. painter, engraver, and typographer. 
1471-1528. Engraved on wood. 

3392. DuRER, Alb. Painted by himself. Engraved by Lasinio. 

3393. DuRER, Albert, engraver and typographer. 1471-1528. Painted 
by himself. Engraved by G. Cooke. 

3394. DuRER, Albrecht. Anno 1608. Kilian sc. 

3395. DuRER, Alb. (Sine notA.) 

^ From an English plate. 
A A 




354 Cajctoti Celebratto. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 
3396. DuRER, Alb. Alberto Duro Pittore. A. P. del. G. Vascellini 
inc. 



Section IV. 
VIEWS, INTERIORS, &c 

3397. 
AXTON, William, Examining the first Printed Sheet from his 
Printing-press in Westminster Abbey, a.d. 1474. Painted 
by A. H. Wehnert. Engraved by 

3398. Caxton Submitting his Proof Sheet to John Esteney, Abbot of 
Westminster in 1477. James E. Doyle pinxit. Engraved by 
W. Walker. 

3399. AucHiNLECK. The Private Press of Mr. Alexander Boswell, 
Auchinleck, Ayrshire, whence between 181 1 and 1820 issued 
many black-letter reprints. 

3400. Strawberry Hill Press, i . Title-page to " Gray's Odes," as a 
specimen of Kirgate's printing. 2. The "Press" at Strawberry 
Hill, with Kirgate the printer advancing. 3. Autograph letter 
of Kirgate inquiring about an Engraver. Dated from Strawberry 
Hill, July 21, 1788. 

3401. Interior of Composing Room and Press Room. Delattin (?) fee. 

3402. Arms of the German printers, granted by the Emperor Frederick. 

3403. Gutenberg in his Printing Office. Painted by Niemann. Litho. 
by ZoUner & Schlick, 1840. 

3404. Interior of a Type Foundry. Mansfeld sr. 

3405. Interior of Printing Office, Vienna. 1805. 

3406. Interior of Printing Office, Paris. Fessard sc. 

3407. Printing Office at Haarlem, 1740. Zaenredam inv. Van Veldt sc. 

3408. Panfilo Castaldi explaining the Art of Printing to young 
Gutenberg, about the year 1430. 

The Italians have lately celebrated at Feltre the discovery of moveable tjrpes 
by Castaldi, to whom they have erected a fine monument. 




Cla}2f0 1^.— Portrait^ anti autopap!i0* 355 

Section V. 

AUTOGRAPHS OF PRINTERS. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

3409- 
I C HOLS, John, F.S.A., printer, 1 745-1827. 

3410, Bensley, T, printer. Letter to Messrs. Cadell and 
Davies, mentioning " Nelson's Life " and " Pleasures of 
Memory." Dated Bolt Court, Dec. 14, 1809. 

341 1. Guy, Thomas, bookseller, founder of Guy's Hospital. 

3412. Mores, Edward Rowe, author of "A Dissertation upon English 
Type-founders and Founderies." Three pages, part of which is 
" copy " for that work, with memorandum by W. Bowyer, at the 
end. Dated June 10, 1773. 

3413. Savage, William. Letter to J. B. Nichols, accompanying the 
Prospectus of his work on " Printing Inks." March 23, 1832. 

3413*.Plantin, Chris. Antwerp, 15 14-1590. 

3414. Baskerville, J. 1706-1775. Concerning his Types. 

Section VI. 
AUTOGRAPHS AND PORTRAITS OF LITERARY MEN. 

3414*- 
Lent by the Library Committee of the Corporation of London, 

HAKESPEARE, William. Autograph to a Deed of Purchase 
of a house in Blackfriars, March loth, 161 2-13. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed, L.L.D., F.S.A. 
3414*. Addison, Joseph, essayist 1672-17 19. Signature. 

3415. Bacon, Francis, Lord Verulam, 1561-1626, philosopher. Signa- 
ture, "Fr. Verulam Can." Aug. 8, 16 18. 

3416. Baines, Edward, Leeds, founder of the Leeds Mercury. 

3417. Baxter, Richard, English nonconformist divine. 1615-1691. 
His own copy of " Church History," with marginal corrections. 

3418. Beloe, William, critic and translator. 1756-181 7. Letter. Theo- 
balds. Feb. 12, 1859. 

3419. Bentham, Jeremy, philosopher. 1 748-1832. Fragment. "In- 
troducing Horatio Nelson." Oct 28, 1772. 




356 Caj;ton Celebratioiu 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed, L.L.D., F.S.A. 

3420. Blair, Hugh, D.D., philosopher. 

3421. Bowles, Rev. W. L., poet. 1 762-1850. " Frosty Night." MS. 4to. 

3422. Brewster, Sir David, philosopher. 1 761-1868. Edinburgh, 
1850. A. 1. s. 

3423. Brougham, Henry, Lord. 

3424. Browning, Elizabeth B., poetess. 1809-1861. Portrait, with 
autograph signature. 

3425. Bryant, W. Cullen, poet and journalist b. 1794. Boston, 
United States, Oct. 3, 1872. 

3426. BuFFON, Comte G. L. Le Clerc de, naturalist. 1 707-1 788. A. n. s. 

3427. BuLWER, E. L., novelist and dramatic author, b. 1806. Albany, 
Feb. 29, 1836. L. a. s. 

As to abolition of taxes on knowledge. 

3428. Burke, Edmund, orator, statesman, and philosopher. 1 730-1 797. 
I page. Folio. N. s. 

3429. Burleigh, Lord Chancellor. 

3430. Byron, Lord George Gordon, poet 1 788-1824. "English 
Bards and Scotch Reviewers." 2 pp. MS. 4to. 

3431. Campbell, Thomas, poet 1777-1844. "If strewn his ashes 
to the wind." 6 lines signed 

3432. Carey, WilUam, D.D., translator, English orientalist, &c. 1762- 
1834. Serampore. 

3433. Carlyle, Thomas, essayist, historian, &c. b. 1795. Cheyne Row, 
Chelsea, May 21, 1844. 

** I care not for the spelling, but the punctuation I should like to have 
exact." 

3434. Clarendon, Edward Hyde, Earl of, statesman and historian. 
1 608-1 6 74. A Signed Receipt June 16, 17 13. 

3435. Clarke, Adam, LL.D., commentator and oriental scholar. 
1760-1832. Note. June 19, 1810. 

3436. CoBBETT, William, political writer. 1 762-1835. Kensington, 
Sept II, 1824. L. a. s. 

As to his grammar. ** The Pater-Nostre booksellers make a great outcry 
against us. They say we sell too cheap." Also curious directions to his 
printer, 

3437- CoLENSO, J. W., Bishop of Natal, mathematician. March 16, 1863. 
Refers to his "Commentary on the Romans." 



Cla00 1^.— l^ortraftjaf anti autograp^^. 357 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed, LL.D., F.S.A. 

3438. Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, moral philosopher, poet and essayist. 
1 772-1834. Highgate, Nov. lo, 1823. A. 1. s. 

Assigns reasons for declining to lecture in the town of Leeds. 

3439- CowPER, William, poet. 1 731-1800. Aug. 6, 1780. 4 pp. 4to. 
A. 1. s. 

3440. Crabbe, George, poet. 

3441. Cunningham, Allan, poet, &c. 1 784-1842. "The Rebel's 
Lament." MS. April i, 1841. 

3442. DiBDiN, T. R, bibliographer. 17 70-1 847. L. a. s. 

To Mr. Johnes, of Hafod: — "Are your 'Caxtons' (unless otherwise 
expressed in the Catalogue) perfect, and is the * St. Alban's Chronicle * 
perfect," Ac. 

3443. Dickens, Charles, novelist 181 2-1870. 

3444. Doddridge, Philip, D.D., commentator and hymn writer 
1 702-1 75 1. Northampton. 4 pp. 4to. A. 1. s. 

**I have a Latin letter to write to Count Zinzendorf, who has been in the 
Moravian Society in Yorkshire, and leaves England on Tuesday next. " 

3445. Dodsley, Robert, bookseller, poet, and dramatist 1 703-1 764. 
Autograph document. To Earl of Oxford. Account for books, 174 1. 

3446. Edgeworth, Richard Lovell. 1 744-181 7. 

Letter. Clifton, Aug. 18, 1793. 

3447. Edgeworth, Maria, novelist 1 767-1849. 

3448. Edwards, Jonathan, theological writer, metaphysician. 1703- 
1758. Stockbridge, Massachusetts, Dec 11, 1755. A. 1. s. 

3449. Elliott, Ebenezer, poet 1 781-1849. Sonnet, "What is Reli- 
gion?" 4to. 5. 

"This is religion, saith the Bard of Trade." 

3450. Ferguson, Adam, D.D., philosopher and author, 1 724-1816. 
Edinburgh, Dec 13, 1809. 

345 1. Foster, John, essayist and reviewer. 1 7 70-1 843. Fol. p. initials. 

Bourton, Nov. 4. "I have been perniciously engaged this week or two 
with the Relation Historique of Humboldt, who is now to take precedence 
of all our travellers." 

3452. Francis, Sir Philip. 



358 Carton Celebratfon. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed, LL.D., F.S.A. 

3453. Franklin, Benjamin, printer, philosopher, and statesman. 
1 706-1 790. Letter. 4 pp. 4to. Philadelphia, Mar. i, 1755. 

Refers to his correspondence with the Royal Society in reference to experi- 
ments in electricity. 

3454. Goethe, Johann W. von, dramatist, author, naturalist, savant, and 
poet 1749-1832. 1830. A. n. s. 

3455. Guy, Thomas, bookseller, and founder of Guy's Hospital 

3456. Hemans, Felicia, poetess. 1 794-1835. MS. Notes. 

3457. Henry, Matthew, commentator. 1663-17 12. "MS. Notes of 
Sermon." 

3458. Herschell, Sir John, F. W., astronomer. 1 792-1862. MS. 
Address. 1864. Holograph. 

3459. Hogg, James. "The Ettrick Shepherd," poet and romance 
writer. 1 772-1835. A. n. s. 

3460. Hood, Thomas, poet and humourist. 1 798-1845. Lake House, 
1829. A. 1. s. 

3461. Hone, William, satirist and journalist. 1 779-1842. Epitaphs. 
For himself and W. Upcott. 

3462. Hone, William, satirist and journalist. 1779 -1842. Poor 
Humphrey's Calendar, 1829. First edition. 

3463. Hugo, Victor, poet, dramatist, and novelist b. 1826. Mar. 
24, 1834. To M. Guizot 

3464. Irving, Washington, American biographer and novelist 1783- 
1859. May 18, 1842. L. a. s. 

3465. Jeffrey, Francis, essayist 

3466. Jerrold, Douglas, humourist and dramatic author. Putney. 
Refers to his Magazine, July 10, 1854. A. n. s. 

3467. Johnson, Samuel, lexicographer, philologist, moralist and poet 
1709-1784. Bolt Court, April 12, 1784. A. 1. s. 

"Introducing his god-son to Ozias Humphrey." 

3468. Jonson, Ben. Autograph signature in a copy of Juvenal, 161 2. 

3469. KiTTO, John, D.D., F.S.A., litterateur. 1804-1854. Sep. 12, 
1870. A. 1. s. 



Cla00 1^^— |?ortrait0 anU iatutograplitf. 359 

Lent by Sir Charles Reedy LL.D., F.S.A. 

3470. Knight, Charles, publisher and historian. 1 791-1870. A. 1. s. 

Relating to the "Penny Magazine," shown with the "Penny Magazine," 
vol. I. 

3471. Lamb, Charles, essayist and poet. 1 775-1834. 8vo. Charac- 
teristic note, signed C. L. 

3472. Lancaster, James, founder of the Lancasterian School system. 

3473. Landon, L. E., poetess. 

3474. Longfellow, Henry W., poet and novelist, b. 1807. Cam- 
bridge, U. S. A., Oct. 3, 1873. 

Lines from his "Psalm of Life," MS. signed. 

^475. Longfellow, Henry W. Photograph. Philadelphia, 1876. 

•476. Luther, Martin, reformer. 1483-1546. Holograph letter. Wlt- 
temberg, 1525. 

477. Macaulay, Thomas Babington, historian. 

478. Mackintosh, Sir J., historian. Born June 30, 1825. To Henry 
Brougham. 

,479. Mahon, Lord, historian. A. 1. Loake's Hill, High Wycombe. 

3480. Martineau, Harriet, authoress and historian. A- L s. 

3481. Melancthon, Philippus Schwarzerd, theologian and reformer. 
1497-1560. Fo. pr. holograph, signed " Philippus." 

3482. Mitford, Mary Russel, authoress. 1 787-1855. Three Mile 
Cross. Jul. 22, 1847. A. 1. s. 

3483. MooRE, Thomas, Irish poet. 1 779-1852. Sloperton. March 20, 
1 84 1. Sonnet, MS. 

3484. Montgomery, James, poet and journalist 1771-1855. Sheffield, 
Aug. 12, 1829. L. a. s. 

•• Like a hare that has been hunted a hundred times to all but death, I start 
and tremble and fly off at the slightest intimation of a new demand upon my 
exhausted and miserably irritable brain," Ac 

3485. MoRisoN, John, D.D., translator. Macao, May 16, 181 1. 

3486. Murray, Lindley, grammarian. 1 745-1 826. York, ist of 7mo. 
181 2. L. a. s. 

3487. Newton, Isaac, geometrician and philosopher. 1642-1727. 
Signature, June 12, 17 18. 



360 Canton Celebration* 

Lent by Sir Charles Reedy LL.D., F.S.A. 

3488. Newton, John, D.D., hymn writer, &c 17 25-1 807. Coleman 
Street Buildings, June 13th, 1786. 

3489. Penn, William, author, and founder of Pennsylvania. 1644-17 18. 

Receipt for six months' annuity, August 23, 1706. 

3490. Pepys, Samuel, " Diary," &c. 1 633-1 703. Sig. to Royal Warrant, 
Feb. 15, 1673. 

3491. Pope, Alexander, poet and critic. 1 688-1 744. Receipt for his 
" Homer's Iliads," and note signed A. P. 

3492. Porter, Jane, novelist. 17 76-1 850. A. 1. s. 

"To George Virtue, Esq. 
" By which time I hope my Scottish heroes, clad in the fair new panoplies 
you have provided for them, may have brought golden success to the gates of 
their friendly new leader." 

3493. Ramsay, Allan, poet. 

3494. Reade, Charles, novelist. Bom 181 4. June 26, 1870. 

** I am spending more in postage than ever, besides time, paper, and seal- 
ing-wax." 

3495. Reid, Thomas, D.D., philosopher. 17 10-1796. 4 pp. 4to. 
Glasgow College, Nov. 14, 1785. 

3496. Robertson, William, D.D. Edinburgh, ApL 27, 1806. L. a. s. 
To Henry Brougham. 

3497. RoscoE, William, historian. Liverpool, July 18. 

3498. Schiller, Johann. C. F. von, poet, dramatist and historian. 
1 759-1 805. Weimar, Feb. 17, 1802. 

3499. Scott, Walter, romance writer, poet and historian. 1 771-1832. 
Abbotsford, Sept. 5, 181 3. A. 1. s. 

** The laurel has been offered to me in the most flattering manner by H.R.H. 
the Prince Regent, but I did not feel justified at snatching at one of the few 
situations of emolument open to those who have made literature their exclusive 
profession." 

3500. Shelley, P. B., poet. 1792-1822. 4to. 4 pp. Dublin, April, 1813. 
L. a. s. 

3501. Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, statesman, orator and dramatist 
1751-1816. Promissory note. May 23, 1781. 

3502. SiMSON, Robert, mathematician. 1 687-1 768. L. a. s. 

Respecting the first edition of Euclid. 



Cla00 1^.— I^ortraft0 anU ^utopapiiEf* 361 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed, LL.D., F.S,A. 

3503. Smith, Adam, LL.D., economist and moralist 1 723-1 790. 4ta 
L. a. s. To Thomas Cadell. 

3504. SouTHEY, Robert, poet and biographer. 17 74-1 843. 

A tale of Paraguay, " To Edith May Southey," n. d. MS. 

3505. Stewart, Dugald, mathematician and philosopher. 1 753-1828. 
Nov. 181 2. L. a. s. 

3506. Taylor, Isaac, line engraver. 1740-18 18. L. a. s. 

3507. Taylor, Jane. 1 783-1824. "Apple Blossoms." MS. 4to. 
Signed Q. Q. 

3508. Tennyson, Alfred, D.C.L., F.R.S., poet laureate. Bom 1809. 
Buckingham Gate. L. a. s. 

3509. ToNSON, Jacob, bookseller and publisher. 1656-1736. Auto- 
graph document, with portrait. May 25, 1721. 

3510. Turner, Charles, engraver. Mezzotinto, 1 773-1837. 

351 1. Turner, Sharon, historian. 1768-1847. L. a. s. 

Refers to Swift and Eben. Elliott. 

3512. Valpy, R., D.D., grammarian and classical scholar. 1 754-1 836. 
Reading, July i. L. a. s. 

3513. Watts, Isaac, D.D., essayist and hymn writer. 1674-1748. 
A.1. s. 

3514. Webster, Noah, grammarian and lexicographer. 1 758-1843. 
Amherst, U.S., Oct. 24, 1814. L. a. s. 

3515. Wesley, Charles, divine and hymn writer. 1 708-1 788. Auto- 
graph lines. 

** Still let me his remembrance bless. 
Still on his dearest image dwell" 

3516. Whitgift, John, Archbishop of Canterbury. 1530-1604. Sig- 
nature to a Grant, March, 1599. 

35 1 7. Whittier, J. Greenleaf, poet " The Centennial Hymn," com- 
posed for the Republic, 1876. Transcribed and signed at Ames- 
bury, and note. 

3518. WoLCOT, T. (Peter Pindar). 

3519. Wordsworth, poet. 

3520. Zimmerman, J. G., philosopher. 1 728-1 795. A. L s. 



362 Cajcton Celebratfom 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed, LL.D., F.S.A. 

3521. Two Albums containing autographs of literary and scientific men, 
among which are Dr. Arnold, Rugby, Matthew Arnold, Shirley 
Brooks, Wilkie Collins, Lord Houghton, Mark Lemon, Lord 
Macaulay, George Augustus Sala, Sir Walter Scott, W. M. 
Thackeray, A. Trollope, Martin Tupper, Professor Blackie. 

3522. Crabbe, George, poet. 1 754-1832. A. 1. s. Trowbridge. 
Jan. 19, 1831. 

3523. Ramsay, Allan, poet. Moggy of Donfarling. Russ. 

3524. Pindar, Peter (T. Walcot). A. 1. s. Fowey, Jan. 5, 1806. To 
Mr. Phillips, bookseller. Bridge Street, London. 

3525. BuRGHLEY, W. Cecil, Lord. Aug. 15 16. 

3526. Lancaster, James, educationist and author. A. 1. s. On his 
scheme for raising schools. 

3527. Cruickshank, George, engraver. A. 1. s. Dec. 18, 1856. Refers 
to " The Fairy Ring." 

3528. An Easy Method to found a Public Academy by a tax on books. 
Folio. 

3529. Brougham, Lord Henry. A. n. s. To Edward Baines. 

3530. Knight, Charles, printer and historian. A. n. s. " The rage for 
fiction tells us what is most popular in the literature of the day." 

3531. Francis, Philip, sig. The reputed author of Junius. Aug. 1779. 

3532. Turner, Charles, engraver. 

3533. GuizoT, historian. A. n. s. Val Richer, Sept. 25, 1852. 

3534. Landon, L. E., Miss. 4to. A. s. 

3535. Strype, John, ecclesiastical historian. 1643-1737. MS. adver- 
tisement of Stowe's Survey of London, 1760. 

Lent by W. Henderson, Esq. 

3538. Burns, Robert, poet. 1 759-1 796. Signature on title-page of 
"The Observer," a collection of Moral Essays, 1788. Sir. W. 
Scott, James Ballantine, Archibald Constable, Lockhart, Robert 
Cadell, Sir William Forbes, Dr. Chalmers, Macaulay, John Wil- 
son, G. Thomson. 



Cla00 !?♦— I^rtrait0 anb autograp^^. 363 

Lent by H. Stevens^ Esq, 

3539. Franklin, Benj. Printer and Statesman. A. L s. To Andrew 
Strahan, M.P., King's Printer : " We were long friends — you are 
now my enemy," referring to the war which had just been declared 
between England and the United States of America. Dated 
Julys* 1775. 

Lent by J. C. Wilkins, Esq, 

3540. Shakespeare, William. A Facsimile of the engraved portrait 
after Droeshout in the title of the First Folio. 






Class L 
BOOKS RELATING TO PRINTING.^ 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

[OTHING shows more plainly the national estimation in 
which any subject is held than the chronology, the quality, 
and the quantity of books published concerning it 
Arranged chronologically, such a catalogue is specially 
suggestive as showing that the public interest is not inter- 
mittent nor capricious, and while the quality points to the 
class of readers, the quantity is a good test of the popular demand. 

Germany, as the birthplace of the Art of Printing, has an earlier and 
more complete literature upon its history and practice than any other 
country. France also has a long catalogue of important works upon the 
subject Then follow England, Holland, Belgium and America. In 
other countries the produce has been slight, and in some is wanting alto- 
gether. To the honour of Iceland, however, we may add that there is 
an excellent history of the art in the Icelandic tongue. 

The following list, which, excluding bibliography, is confined to typo- 
graphy in its biographical, historical, and practical aspects, could be very 
much enlarged were it not confined to books actually in the exhibition. 
At the same time no important work in any language is absent ; and the 
English section especially shows how many attempts have been made 
to educate the masses as well as the special workman in the history and 
practice of William Caxton's wonderful art. 

3563. Abbott, J. The Harper Establishment, New York : an Account 
of. 8vo. New York, 1856. 

* Catalogued by W. H. Overall, Esq., Guildhall Library, London. 



Claiafss 3.— BooW relatfnff to i^rfntfng* 365 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3564. Adams, Thomas F. Typographia : a Brief Sketch of the Origin, 
Rise and Progress of the Typographic Art. 8vo. Philadelphia, 
1837. 

3565. Adams, Thomas F. Typographia. Third edition. 1845. 

3566. Ames, Joseph, F. R. S. Typographical Antiquities, being an 
Historical Account of Printing in England : with some Memoirs 
of our Antient Printers, and a Register of the Books printed by 
them from 147 1 to 1600, with an Appendix concerning Printing in 
Scotland and Ireland to the same time. 4to. London, 1749. 

This laborious work has formed the foundation of all succeeding works upon 
tjrpographical antiquities. 

3567. Ames, Joseph, F.R.S., F.S.A. Typographical Antiquities, or an 
Historical Account of the Origin and Progress of Printing in Great 
Britain and Ireland. Considerably augmented by William Her- 
bert. 3 vols. 4to. London, 1785-90. 

3568. Ames, Joseph, F.R.S. Typographical Antiquities, greatly en- 
larged, with copious notes, by T. F. Dibdin, D.D. 4 vols. 4to. 
London, 18 10-19. 

3569. AsTLE, Thomas, F.R.S., F.S.A. The Origin and Progress of 
Writing, as well Hieroglyphic as Elementary. 4to. London, 1784. 

The 9th chapter is headed, "Some Account of the Origin and Pn^ess of 

Printing." 

3570. Atkyns, Richard. The Original and Growth of Printing: 
Collected out of History, and the Records of this Kingdome. 
4to. London, 1664. 

Portrait of Charles II. seated on his Throne, by Lo^an. 

3571. Bagford, John. The Invention and Progress of Printing. 

(Memoirs of the Royal Society, IV. pp. 261-268.)" 

3572. Bagford, John. An Essay on the Invention of Printing. 

(Memoirs of the Royal Society, V. pp. 50-53.) 

3573. Bevan, S. Phillips, F.G.S. British Manufacturing Industries. 
Edited by. 8vo. London, 1876. 

Paper, Printing and Bookbinding, Engraving, Photc^raphy, Toys. 

3574. Berjeau, J. Ph. Early Dutch, German, and English Printers* 
Marks. 8vo. London, 1866. 

3575. BiDWELL, Geo. H. Treatise on the Imposition of Forms, em- 
bracing a System of Rules and Principles for Laying the Pages 
applicable to all Forms. 8vo. New York, 1866. 



366 Canon CelebratCom 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3576. BiDWELL, Geo. H. Treatise on the Imposition of Forms. Second 
edition. 8vo. New York, 1875. 

Useful for an incompetent compositor. 

3577. Blades, William. The Life and Typography of William Caxton, 
England's First Printer, with Evidence of his Typographical con- 
nection with Colard Mansion, the Printer at Bruges. 2 vols. 4to. 
1861-63. 

3578. Blades, William. A List of Medals, Jettons, Tokens, &c, in 
connection with Printers and the Art of Printing. 8vo. London, 
1869. 

3579. Blades, William. How to tell a Caxton, with some Hints where 
and how the same might be found. 8vo. London, 1870. 

3580. Blades, William. Shakspere and Typography, being an attempt 
to show Shakspere's Personal Connection with, and Technical 
Knowledge of the Art of Printing. 8vo. London, 1872. 

3581. BoDONiANA. A Collection of Printed Documents connected with 
the National Festival held in honor of Giambattista Bodoni. 
Folio. Saluzzio, 1872. 

3582. Bradshaw, Henry. Memoranda, chiefly concerning Early 
Printed Books and Manuscripts, and the Older Literature of 
Different Nations. No. i. 8vo. Cambridge, 1866. 

3583. Bradshaw, Henry. Memoranda concerning the Printer of 
the Historia S. Albani. 8vo. Cambridge, 1868. 

3584. Bradshaw, Henry. List of the Founts of Type and Woodcut 
Devices used by Printers in Holland in the Fifteenth Century. 
8vo. London, 187 1. 

3585. Brimmer, George. The Composing Room. A Serio-Comico- 
Satirico-Poetico Production — Oh ! 8vo. London, 1835. 

3586. Carey, Annie. The History of a BooL 8vo. London, 1874. 

3587. Caxton, William, Life of. 8vo. London, 1828. 

3588. Caxton, William, A Catalogue of Books printed by (or ascribed 
to the press of). Compiled by William Blades. 4to. London, 
1865. 

Printed on vellum. 



Cla00 3.— SookjS relating to ^vintitiQ, 367 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3589. Chalmers, George. The Life of Thomas Ruddiman, A.M., the 
keeper, for almost fifty years, of the Library belonging to the 
Faculty of Advocates at Edinburgh : to which are subjoined new 
anecdotes of Buchanan. 8vo. London, 1794. 

He began life as a printer ; he gives a list of the works which he printed. 
The Latin Grammar he was both author and printer of. 

3590. CowiE, Mr. Printers' Pocket-Book and Manual. i2mo. Lon- 
don, 1825 ? 

3591. Crisp, W. F. The Printers' Universal Book of Reference and 
Every-Hour Office Companion, edited by. 8vo. London, 1875. 

3592. Crisp, W. F. Punctuation Simplified. 8vo. Great Yarmouth and 
London, n. d. 

3593. DiBDiN, T. F., M.A. An account of some early printed English 
Books in the Library of the Earl Spencer, being a portion of the 
Bibliotheca Spenceriana. 8vo. London, 1825. 

3594. DiRCKS, Henry C. E. Jordantype, otherwise called "Electro- 
type," its early history, being a Vindication of the Claims of C. J. 
Jordan as the Inventor of Electro-Metallurgy. 8vo. London, 
1852. 

3595. Drew, Benjamin. Pens and Types ; or. Hints and Helps for those 
who Write, Print, or Read. 8vo. Boston, 1874. 

3596. Evesham. The Revelation to the Monk of, 1196. Edited from 
the unique copy in the British Museum, the edition printed by 
William de Machlinia about 1482. By Edward Arber. (English 
reprints.) 8vo. London, 1869. 

Contains the history of the Machlinia Press, which was the first in the City 
of London. 

3597. FouRNiER. The Introduction to Foumier's Treatise on Typo- 
graphy, translated by Charles E. Keymer. 4to. Gloucester, 1866. 

3598. Franklin, Benjamin, LL.D., the private life of the late. Ori- 
ginally written by himself, and now translated from the French. 
8vo. London, 1793. 

3599. Franklin Statue, Record of the Proceedings and Ceremonies 
pertaining to the erection of the, in Printing-house Square, New 
York, presented by Albert de Groot to the Press and Printers of 
the City of New York. 8vo. New York, 1872. 

3600. Francis, J. Printing at Home, with full instructions for amateurs. 
Second edition. 12 mo. Rochford, Essex, 1873. 



368 Ca;cton Celebratfom 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3601. FuRNiVALL, F. J. Pynson's Contracts, with Horman for printing 
his Vulgaria, and with Palsgrave for his Lesclaircissement, with 
Pynson's letter of Dei^zenation. 8vo. London, n. d. 

3602. Gent, Mr. Thomas, the Life of, Printer of York. 8vo. 
London, 1832. 

3603. Graham, John. The Compositor's Text Book for instructions in 
the elements of the Art of Printing. 8vo. Glasgow, 1848. 

3604. Grant, James. The Newspaper Press : its origin, progress, and 
present position. 3 vols. 8vo. London, 1871-72. 

3605. Greswell, Rev. W. Parr. Annals of Parisian Typography, con- 
taining an account of the earliest typographical establishments in 
Paris. 8vo. London, 181 8. 

3606. Greswell, E., B.D. A View of the early Parisian Greek Press ; 
including the lives of the Stephani ; notices of other contemporary 
Greek Printers of Paris. 2 vols. 8vo. Oxford, 1833. 

3607. Hallam, Henry. The Invention of Paper and the Invention of 
Printing. i2mo. London, 1852. 

3608. Hansard, Luke, many years printer to the House of Commons, 
Biographical Memoir of With portrait. 4to. London, 1829. 

3609. Hansard, T. C. Typographia : an Historical Sketch of the Origin 
and Progress of the Art of Printing ; with Practical Directions for 
conducting every Department in an Office : with a Description of 
Stereotype and Lithography. 8vo. London, 1825. 

The best text -book upon all technical matters connected with typography ; 
it contains several portraits. 

3610. Hansard, T. C. Treatises on Printing and Type-founding. 8vo. 
Edinburgh, 1841. 

361 1. Harpel, Oscar H. Typograph, or Book of Specimens. 8vo. 
Cincinnati, 1870. 

3612. Hill, A. F. Secrets of the Sanctum. An Inside View of an 
Editor's Life. 8vo. Philadelphia, 1875. 

3613. Horne, Thomas Hartwell. An Introduction to the Study of 
Bibliography, with several chapters on the History of Printing. 2 
vols. 8vo. London, 1814. 



ClasSff J.— 1Book0 relatfnff to Printing:* 369 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3614. Houghton, T. S. The Printer's Practical Everyday Book, with 
emendations and additions by G^o. Marshall. 8vo. Preston, 
1875. 

3615. Hudson, Frederic. Journalism in the United States from 1690 
to 1872. 8vo. New York, 1873. 

3616. Humphreys, H. Noel. A History of the Art of Printing, from its 
invention to the middle of the i6th century. Folio. London, 
1867. 

3617. Jackson, John. A Treatise on Wood Engraving, Historical and 
Practical. 8vo. London, 1839. 

3618. Johnson, E. C. Tangible Typography, or How the Blind Read. 
8vo. London, 1853. 

3619. Johnson, J. Typographia, or the Printer's Instructor, including 
an account of the origin of Printing. 2 vols. 32mo. London, 
1824. 

3620. Kelly, James. The Printer's Carnival, and other Poems. 8vo. 
Airdrie, 1875. 

3621. Knight, Charles. The Old Printer and the Modem Press. 8vo. 
London, 1854. 

3622. Knight, Charles. William Caxton, the First English Printer. 
i2mo. London, 1844. 

3623. Latham, H., M.A. Oxford Bibles and Printing in Oxford. 
i2mo. Oxford, 1870. 

3624. Latham, H., M.A. Oxford Bibles and Printing in Oxford. A 
second edition. 8vo. Oxford, 1876. 

3625. Lemoine, Henry. Typographical Antiquities. History, Origin, 
and Progress of the Art of Printing from its first invention in 
Germany to the end of the seventeenth century, and from its 
Introduction into England by Caxton to the present time. 8vo. 
London, 1797. 

3626. Lemoine, Henry. Typographical Antiquities. History, Origin, 
and Progress of the Art of Printing. 8vo. Ix)ndon, 1813. 

3627. Lewis, John. The Life of Mayster Wyllyam Caxton of the Weald 
of Kent ; the first Printer in England. With portrait of Caxton. 
8vo. London, 1737. 

B B 



370 Carton Celebtatfon* 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3628. LiNDE, Dr. A. Van Der. The Haarlem Legend of the Invention 
of Printing by Lourens Janszoon Coster, critically examined. 
Translated from the Dutch by J. H. Hessels. 8vo. London, 
1871. 

3629. Literature. An Essay upon, or an Inquiry into the Antiquity 
and Original of Letters, with the methods made use of by the 
Antients to supply the want of Letters.. 8vo. London, 1726. 

Embraces an account of the invention of Printing. 

3630. LucKOMBE, P., M.T.A. The History and Art of Printing. In 
two parts. 8vo. London, 1771. 

3631. Lynch, Thomas. The Printer's Manual. A Practical Guide for 
Compositors and Pressmen. 8vo. Cincinnati, 1872. 

Contains some excellent technical instructions. 

3632. McCreery, John. The Press. A Poem. Published as a speci- 
men of Typography. In two parts. 4to. Liverpool, 1803-182 7. 

A printer-poet. 

3633. Macintosh, Charles A. Popular Outlines of the Press, Ancient 
and Modern ; or a Brief Sketch of the Origin and Progress of 
Printing. 8vo. London, 1859. 

3634. Mackellar, Thomas. The American Printer : a Manual of 
Typography. 8vo. Philadelphia, 1873. 

3635. Mackie, Alexander. Italy and France. An Editor's Holiday. 
8vo. London, 1874. 

Contains notices of several of the chief printing-offices in France and Italy. 
The author is the inventor of Mackie's Automatic Type-Composing Machine. 

3636. McNeile, Rev. Hugh, M.A. A Lecture on the Life of Dr. 
Franklin, delivered at the Liverpool Royal Amphitheatre, 17th 
November, 1841, &c With an Engraving of the Press at which 
Franklin worked in London, printed on that press.. 'Svo. Lon- 
don, 1842. 

3637. Marthens, John F. Typographical Bibliography. A list of 
books in the English Language on Printing and its Accessories. 
4to. Pittsburgh, 1875. 

Copy sent by the author for exhibition. 

3638. Memoirs of a Printer's Devil. 8vo. Gainsbro', 1794. 

3639. Milton, John. Areopagitica. 4to. London, 1644. 

An Essay on the freedom of the Press. Arber's reprint, 1868. 



Cla00 3.— Sook0 relating to ^tintins. 371 

Z^t by William Blades, Esq. 

3640. MoxoN, Joseph. Mechanick Exercises; or, the Doctrine of 
Handy-works applied to the Art of Printing. 2 parts. 410. 
London, 1683. 

This is a very rare work upon typography, printed on the west side of 
Fleet-ditch, at the sign of Atlas. 

3641. MuNSELL, Charles. A Collection of Songs of the American 
Press, and other Poems relating to the Art of Printing. 8vo. 
Albany, N. Y., 1868. 

3642. MuNSELL, J. The Typographical Miscellany. 8vo. Albany, 
U. S., 1850. 

3643. Nichols, John, F.S.A. Memoir of 8vo. London, 1874. 

3644. Ottley, William Young, F.S.A. An Inquiry concerning the 
Invention of Printing, in which the systems of Meerman, Hein- 
ecken, Santander, and Koning are reviewed. 4to. London, 1 863. 

3645. Palmer, S. The General History of Printing, from its first 
invention in the City of Mentz to its first progress and propagation 
thro' the most celebrated Cities in Europe, particularly its in- 
troduction, rise and progress in England, the Characters of the 
most celebrated Printers from 1520 to 1550, with an account of 
their works. 4to. London, 1732. 

This is entirely historical and of little value, being very inaccurate. 

3646. Paper, the making of. 8vo. n. d. 

3647. Partington, C. F. The Printer's Complete Guide; containing 
a Sketch of the History and Progress of Printing to its present 
state of Improvement 8vo. London, 1831. 

3648. Parton, James. The Life of Horace Greeley, Editor of the "New 
York Tribune." 8vo. Boston, 1869. 

3649. Pearson, Emily C. Gutenberg and the Art of Printing. 8va 
Boston (U. S.), 187 1. Illustrated 

3650. Power, John. A Handy-Book about Books, 8vo. London, 
1870. 

A good deal of information about printers and printing. 

3651. Printers. Printer, The, and Printing in the Fifteenth and the 
Nineteenth Centuries. A review in the " Quarterly Review '* of 
^^Z2>' Svo. London, 1833. 

3652. Printers. Pressmen's Guide, The. Brooklyn, 1873. 



372 Carton Celebcatioiu 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3653. Printer's Calculator, 1876. Ruse's Imposition simplified, 1875. 
Newman's Guide to Printing, 1876. 

3654. Printers. Compositors' Guide to the London Printing Offices, 
containing a List for the use of those in search of Employment, 
and other useful Information. 8vo. London, 1875. 

3655. Printers. Chapel Rules. Messrs. Wyman and Sons. 1875. 

3656. Printers. Printers' Strike, 179 i. An Account of the Rise and 
Progress of the Dispute between the Masters and Journeymen 
Printers, exemplified in the trial at large, with remarks thereupon, 
and the Speeches of Messrs. Knapp, Raine, and Hovell. Pub- 
lished for the benefit of the Men in Confinement. 8vo. London, 
1799. 

3657. Printers. The Trial of John Peter Zenger, of New York, 
Printer, who was lately Try'd and Acquitted for Printing and Pub- 
lishing a Libel against the Government. 4to. London, 1738. 

3658. Printers. Press, Voices from the. A Collection of Sketches, 
Essays, and Poems by Practical Printers, edited by James J. 
Brenton. 8vo. New York, 1850. 

3659. Printers. Poets and Poetry of Printerdom. Edited by Oscar 
H. Harpel. 8vo. Cincinnati, 1875. 

3660. Printing. Letters of the Danish Protestant Missionaries and 
others in the East Indies, &c. Third edition. i2mo. London, 
1718. 

1. The Art of cutting Words with iron tools on palm leaves. 

2. The Damulian Language and Dictionary, prepared by the 
Missionaries. 

3. Introduction of a Printer and Printing-press from England. 

4. Books printed by the Missionaries; Type Foundry, and 
Paper Mill. 

3661. Printing, a Concise History of the Origin and Progress of. By 
Wm. Bowyer and J. Nichols. 8vo. London, 1770. 

3662. Printing, the Origin of. In two Essays. Second edition. 8vo. 
London, 1776. 

3663. Printing, the History of. 8vo. London, 1855. 

3664. Printing, the History of. i2mo. London, 1862. 

3665. Printing, the History of, with Copies of the Stationers' Com- 
pany Charters, &c. 8vo. London, n. d. 

3666. Printing: its Dawn, Day, and Destiny. 4to. London, 1858. 



Cla^js 3I»— BoofecJ relating to prfntfng. 373 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3667. Printing Press, the. Three Numbers. 8vo. Chicago, 1876. 

3668. Printing, Rusher's new mode of. Rasselas, Prince of AbjrssinuL 
By Dr. Johnson. Printed with patent types in a manner never 
before attempted Svo. Banbury, 1804. 

3669. Printing. Caxton and the Art of Printing. 8va London, 

1852. 

3670. Printing Machine, Specification of William Nicholson for a. 
Folio. London, 1856. 

3671. Printing Machine, Letterpress, Specification of Thomas Prosier. 
Folio. London, 1856. 

3672. Printing Machines, Specifications of Joseph Bramah. Folia 
London, 1856. 

3673. Printing Presses, Specification of John Brown. Folio. London, 
1856. 

3674. Printing and Stamping Presses, Specification of A. F. de Heine. 
Folio. London, 1856. 

3675. Printing Machines, Specifications of F. Koenig. Folia Lon- 
don, 1856. 

3676. Printing of Music, Types for the, Specification of H. Fougt 
Folio. London, 1856. 

3677. Printing Music, Specification of Samuel Arnold. Folia Lon- 
don, 1856. 

3678. Printing on Silk, Metal Cases to hold Types for, &c Also 
raised letters, printing-presses, &c. Folio. London, 1856. 

3679. Printing. Stereotypes, Specification of Henry Johnson, for 
Logotypes. Folio. London, 1856. 

3680. Printing Type, Punches for Stamping the Matrices of, Diei| &c, 
Specification of Robert Barclay. Folio. London, 1856. 

3681. Printing Type, Specification of William Rusher. Folia Lon- 
don, 1856. 

3682. Printing. The Game of the Chesse : a Moral Treadae on the 
Duties of Life. The first book printed in England by William 
Caxton, 1474. Reprinted in Phonetic spelling. 8va London. 
n.d. 

3683. Printing. Heliotype Process, the, Described and Illustrated, 
with twelve specimens. 4to. lx)ndon. 



374 Ca:cton Celebration. 

Lefit by William Blades, Esq. 

3684. Printing. The London Scale of Prices for Compositors' Work, 
agreed upon April i6th, 18 10, with Explanatory Notes, and the 
Scales of Leeds, York, Dublin, &c. 8vo. London, 1835. 

3685. Printing. The Printers', Lithographers', Engravers', Book- 
binders', and Stationers' Business Guide, edited by W. F. Crispe. 
8vo. London, 1876. 

3686. Punctuation, A Treatise on, and on other matters relating to 
Correct Writing and Printing, by an Old Printer. 8vo. London, 
1870. 

3687. Ramaley, David. Employing Printers' Price List for Job- 
Printing. 8vo. Saint Paul, Minn., N. Y., 1873. 

3688. RiNGWALT, J. Luther. American Encyclopaedia of Printing. 
8vo. Philadelphia, 187 1. 

3689. Santander, M. de la Serna. An Historical Essay on the Origin 
of Printing, translated from the French of. 8vo. Newcastle, 
1819. 

Translated by Thomas Hodgson for the Typographical Society of New- 
castle-upon-Tyne. 

3690. Sheahan, James W. The Printer. 8vo. Chicago, 1869. 

3691. Shepherdson, William. Starting a " Daily " in the Provinces. 
8vo. London, 1876. 

An interesting account of the birth and progress of the ** Sheffield Daily 
Telegraph," by Joseph Pearce, Printer. 

3692. Singer, S. W. Some Account of the Book printed at Oxford in 
1468, under the title of Exposicio Sancti Jeronimi in simbolo 
Apostolorum ; in which is examined its claim to be considered 
the first book printed in England. 8vo. London, 181 2. 

3693.-SKEEN, William. Early Typography. An Essay on the Origin 
of Letter-press Printing in the fifteenth century. 8vo. London 
(Colombo), 1872. 

The author was the Government printer at Colombo. 

3694. Smith, John. The Printer's Grammar : wherein are Exhibited, 
Examined, and Explained, the Superficies, Gradation, and 
Properties of the different sorts of Metal Types cast by Letter 
Founders : sundry Alphabets of Oriental and some other Lan- 
guages, &c. 8vo. London, 1755. 

A practical work on types and composition, which has formed the basis ot 
all subsequent grammars. 



Cla2(0 3|.— BooM relating to ^vintin^. 375 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3695. Southward, John. A Dictionary of Typography. 4to. London, 
1870-71. Second edition. 8vo. London, 1875. 

3696. Stark, Adam. Printing : its Antecedents, Origin, History, and 
Results. i2mo. London, 1855. 

3697. Stower, C. The Printer's Grammar, or an Introduction to the 

Art of Printing. 8vo. London, 1808. 

3698. Stower, C. The Printer's Price-Book. 8vo. London, 18 14. 

3699. Savage, William. Practical Hints on Decorative Printing, wth 
Illustrations engraved on Wood and printed in Colours at the 
Type Press. 4to. London, 1822. 

A most interesting work. The colour-printing is exceedingly good. 

3700. Savage, William. A Dictionary of the Art of Printing. 8vo. 
London, 1841. 

An excellent book of reference for a printer. 

3701. Thayer, W. M. How Benjamin Franklin, the Printer Boy, 
made his Mark. 8vo. Edinburgh and London, «. d. 

3702. Thomas, Isaiah, LL.D. The History of Printing in America, 
with a Biography of Printers and an Account of Newspapers ; 
with a Catalogue of American Publications previous to the Revo- 
lution of 1776. Second edition. 2 vols. 8vo. Albany, 1874. 

3703. Timperley, C. H. The Printers* Manual. 8vo. London, 1838. 

3704. Timperley, C. H. Encyclopaedia of Literary and Typo^phical 
Anecdote : being a Chronological Digest of the History of 
Literature and Printing from the earliest period to the present 
time. A second edition, to which are added a continuation to the 
present time, and a Practical Manual of Printing. 8vo. London, 
1842. 

This is Timperley's Dictionary of Printers and Printing with a new lillc. 

3705. Timperley, C. H. Songs of the Press, and other Poems relative 
to the Art of Printers and Printing, edited by. 8vo. London, 
1845. 

3706. Trumbull, G. Pocket Typographia. A brief practical Guide to 
the Art of Printing. i2mo. Albany, 1846. 

3707. Vinne, Theo. L. de. The Printer's Price List. A Manual for 
the Use of Clerks and Book-keepers in Job Printing Offices. 8vo. 
New York, 187 1. 



37^ Ca;:ton CeUbcatiom 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3708. Watson, James. The History of the Art of Printing, containing 
an Account of its Invention and Progress in Europe ; with the 
Names of the Famous Printers and the Works printed by them, 
and a Preface by the Publisher to the Printers of Scotland. 8vo. 
Edinburgh, 17 13. 

3709. West, W. Fifty Years* Recollections of an Old Bookseller, con- 
sisting of Anecdotes, Characteristic Sketches, and Original Traits 
and Eccentricities of Authors, &c Svo. Cork, 1835. 

A great deal about printers and printing. 

3710. Wilson, John. A Treatise on English Punctuation; designed 
for Letter-writers, Authors, Printers, and Correctors of the Press. 
23rd edition. Svo. New York, 187 1. 

The first edition, intended solely for the use of printers, was issued in 1826. 



FRENCH. 

37 1 1. Alkan, Aind Annales de la Typographic fran9aise et <^trangere. 
8vo. Paris, 1847. 

3712. Alkan, Alnd Notice sur P. J. Fessin, Fondeur en caractbres. 
8vo. Paris, 1853. 

3713. Alkan, Ain^. Discours, accompagn^ de Notes typographiques 
et bibliographiques. 2me. Edition. 8vo. Paris, 1856. 

3714. Alkan, Aind. Les Femmes Compositrices d'Imprimerie sous la 
Revolution frangaise en 1794. 8vo. Paris, 1862. 

3715. Alkan, Aine. Notice sur L. C. Silvestre, ancien Libraire- 
Editeur. 8vo. Paris, 1868. 

3716. Alkan, Atnd. Notice sur L.-C. Silvestre, ancien libraire-e'diteur 
et ancien proprietaire des salles de vente connues sous son noni. 
8vo. Paris, 1868. 

3717. Alkan, Aind Notice Ndcrologique sur Just-Jean Etienne Roy, 
homme de lettres, Tun des coUaborateurs des librairies Mame i 
Tours, Lefort k Lille, Martial Ardant Freres k Limoges. 4to. 
Paris, 187 1. 

3718. Alkan, M., Alnd Discours prononcd le 6 Avril, 1856, lors de sa 
r^eption comme Membre honoraire de la Soci^t^ fratemelle des 
Protes des Imprimeries typographiques de Paris, accompagn^ de 
notes typographiques et bibliographiques. 8vo. Paris, 1856. 



Cld00 9|.— Book0 relatmff to ^rinting^ 377 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3719. Bernard, Auguste. Voyage Typographico-arch^logique en 
Allemagne et en Belgique. 2me. Excursion. AoCit, 1852. 

3720. Bernard, Aug. De I'Origine et des Debuts de rimprimerie en 
Europe. 2 torn. Paris, 1853. 

3721. Bernard, Aug. Les Estienne et les types Grecs de Francois 
I. 8vo. Paris, 1856. 

3722. Bernard, Aug. Geofroy Tory, peintre et graveur, premier im- 
primeur royal, r^formateur de I'orthographe et de la typographie 
sous Francois I. 8vo. Paris, 1857. Seconde edit 8va Paris, 
1865. 

3723. Bernard, Aug. Histoire de I'lmprimerie Royale du Louvre. 
8vo. Paris, 1867. 

3724. Bertrand-Quinquet, M. Traitd de I'lmprimerie. 4to. Paris, 
1799. 

3725. BoissE, M. D'Escodeca De. Exposition Universelle de 1855. 
Quelques details sur les produits de I'lmprimerie Imp^riale de 
France. 8vo. Paris, 1855. 

3726. BouTMY, Eugene. Les Typographes Parisiens, suivis d'un petit 
Dictionnaire de la Langue verte Typographique. 8vo. Paris, 
1874. 

3727. Bibliophile, le Livre du. 8vo. Paris, 1874. 

3728. Breban, Corrard de. Recherches sur I'establissement et rexcrdcc 
de I'lmprimerie k Troyes. 8vo. Paris, 1873. 

3729. Brunet, Gustave. Imprimeurs Imaginaires et Libraires foppos^ 

^tude bibliographique. 8vo. Paris, 1866. 

3730. Brun, M. Manuel pratique et abr^^ de la Typographie Fnuv 
9aise. Seconde Edition. 8vo. Bruxelles, iSad. 

3731. Campbell, M. F. A. G. Annales de la Typographie N^erlandaise 
au XVe. si^cle. 8vo. La Haye, 1874. 

3732. Chevillier, Andr^. L'Origine de llmprimerie de Paris, Diner- 

tation historique et critique. 4to. Paris, 1694. 

1733- Claye, Jules. Manuel de I'Apprenti Compositeur, ame. ^tion. 
8vo. Paris, 1874. 

3734. Daunou, M. Analyse des opinions diverses sur TOrigine dc 

I'lmprimerie. 8vo. Paris, 1803. 



378 Canon CeUbratfon* 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

3735. Delandine, Ant. F. Histoire Abr^g^e de rimprimerie, ou pr&:i8 
sur son origine, son establissement en France. 8vo. Paris, n. d. 

3736. DiDOT, A. Firmin. Essai sur la Typographic. 8vo. Paris, 185 1. 

3737. DiDOT, Ambroise Firmin. Essai Typographique et Bibliographique 
sur rhistoire de la Gravure sur Bois. 8vo. Paris, 1863. 

3738. DiDOT, Ambroise F. Observations sur I'Orthographe ou Orto- 
grafie Fran9aise suivies d'une histoire de la reforme orthographique 
depuis le XVe. si^cle jusqu'k nos jours. 2me. ^dit. Paris, 1868. 

3739. DiDOT, A. Firmin. Aide Manuce et I'Hell^nisme k Venise. 8vo. 
Paris, 1875. 

3740. DuDiN, M. Art du relieur, augment^e de tout ce qui a 6i6 ^crit 
de mieux sur ces matibres en Allemagne, en Angleterre, en Suisse, 
en Italie, etc., par J. E. Bertrand. 4to. Paris, 1820. 

3741. DuPRAT, F. A. Histoire de I'lmprimerie Imp^riale de France, 
suivie des specimens des Types Strangers et Fran^ais de cet 
^tablissement. 8vo. Paris, 1861. 

3742. DuPRAT, F. A. Aper9u sur les progr^s de la Ty jographie depuis 
le XVIe. si^cle et sur I'^tat actuel de I'lmprimeriv de Paris. 8vo. 
Paris, 1863. 

3743. DuPONT, Paul. Histoire de ITmprimerie. 2 torn. 8vo. Paris, 
1854. 

3744. DuRER, Albert, k Venise et dans les Pays-Bas. Autobiographic, 
Lettres, Journal de Voyages ; Papiers divers, traduits de TAUemand 
avec des Notes et une Introduction par Charles Narrey. Folio. 
Paris, 1866. 

3745. Egger, M. Lettre de, de la Fabrication et du Prix du Papier 
dans TAntiquitd 8vo. Paris, 1857. 

3746. EsTiENNE, Robert. Les Censures des Th^ologiens de Paris . . . 
avec la reponse d'iceluy Robert Estienne. 8vo. [Paris], 1552. 
Rdmprimd par Jules Guillaume Fick. Genbve, 1866. 

3747. Even, Edward van. Notice sur Pierre Werrecoren, imprimeur h 
St. Maertensdyk, en Z^lande (1478). Extrait du tome VHI. du 
Bulletin du Bibliophile Beige. 8vo. Bruxelles, 1851. 

3748. Fertel, M. D. La Science pratique de I'lmprimerie, contenant 
des instructions tr^s-faciles pour se perfectionner dans cet Art. 
4to. Saint Omer, 1723. 



Clajs^jJ 3|.— lBoofe0 relating to JBrinting. 379 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 
3749. Fischer, G. Essai sur les Monumens typographiques de Jean 
Gutenberg, Mayen9ais, Inventeur de rimprimerie. 410. Mayence, 
an X. A portrait of Gutenberg. 

3750 FouRNiER Le Jeune, M. Trait^ Historiques et Critiques sur 
rOrigine et les Progr^s de Tlmprimerie. 8vo. Paris, 1758-60. 

3751. FouRNiER Le Jeune, M. De I'Origine et des Productions de 
rimprimerie primitive en taille de bois. 8vo. Paris, 1759. 

3752. FouRNiER Le Jeune, M. Manuel Typographique, utile aux gens 
de Lettres. 2 torn. 8vo. Paris, 1764. 

3753. FouRNiER, Henri. Traits de la Typographie. 8vo. Paris, 1825. 
3rd edition. 8vo. Tours, 1870. 

3754. Franklin, Alfred. La Sorbonne, ses origines, sa Biblioth^ue, 
les ddbuts de I'Imprimerie \ Paris, et la succession de Richelieu. 
Deuxi^me Edition. 8vo. Paris, 1875. 

3755. Frere, Ed. De I'Imprimerie et de la Librairie \ Rouen, dans les 
XVe. et XVIe. si^cles, et de Martin Morin, c^bbre Imprimeur 
Rouennais. 4to. Rouen, 1843. 

3756. Frey, a. Manuel nouveau de Typographie. 2 torn. i2ma 
Paris, 1835. 

3757. Gagniere, a. Histoire de la Presse sous la Commune du 18 
Mars au 24 Mai, 187 1. 8vo. Paris, 1872. 

3758. Geronval, A. de. Manuel de Tlmprimeur. i2mo. Paris, 1826. 

3759. Grimont, Ferd. La Presse Parisienne : Catalogue ^6i^ril des 
Journaux politiques, litt^raires, scientifiques et industnels. parai»- 
sant au mois de Juillet, 1857. 8vo. Paris, 1857. 

3760. Gutenberg, Jean, Premier Maitre Imprimeur : ses faits ct discotin 
les plus dignes d'admiration, et sa mort Ce r^it fiddle, icnX par 
Fr. Dingelstedt, est ici traduit de I'allemand en Francis par Gus- 
tave Revilliod. Folio. Geneve, 1858. 

Several very interesting illustrations. 

3761. Hatin, Eugene. Bibliographie historique et critique de U Prene 
P^riodique Fran9aise. 8vo. Paris, 1866. 

3762. Helbig, H. Notes et Dissertations relatives k THistoire de 

rimprimerie. 8vo. Bruxelles, n. d. 

3763. Hoffmann, L. F. Essai d'une liste chronologiquc des ouvrages 
et dissertations concemant I'Histoire de rimprimerie en Belgique 
et en Hollande. 8vo. Bruxelles, 1859. 



380 Canon Celebration* 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3764. HoLTROP, J. W. Thierry Martens d'Alost, ^tude Bibliographique. 
8vo. La Haye, 1867. 

3765. HuLST, Felix van. Chr. Plantin. 2me. Edition. Svo. Li^e, 1846. 

3766. Imprimerie. Description d'une Nouvelle presse exdcutde pour 
le service du Roi. 4to. Paris, 1783. 

3767. Imprimerie. Recherches historiques et critiques sur I'^tablisse- 
ment de I'Art Typographique en Espagne et en Portugal. 8vo. 
Paris, 1830. 

3768. Imprimerie. Listes Alphab^tiques d'une petite Collection de 
portraits d'Imprimeurs, de Libraires, de Fondeurs de Caractbres, 
et Correcteurs d'Epreuves. 4to. Leide, 1836-61. 

3769. Imprimerie. Histoire de I'Invention de rimprimerie par les 
Monuments. Folio. Paris, 1840. 

3770. L'Imprimerie, la Librairie, et la Papeterie k TExposition Univer- 
selle de 185 1. Rapport du XVIIe. Jury. 2me. ^dit. Paris, 1854. 

3771. Imprimerie. Typographes et gens de lettres. 8vo. Paris, 1864. 

3772. L'Imprimerie. Journal de la Typographie, de la Lithographie, et 
des Industries Accessoires. 4to. Paris, 1864-67. 

3773. Imprimerie. Album d'impressions typographique s en couleur de 
rimprimerie de G. Silbermann k Strasbourg. Folio. Strasbourg, 
1872. 

3774. IsEGHEM, A. F. van. Biographie de Thierry Martens d'Alost, 
premier imprimeur de la Belgique. 8vo. Malines, 1858. 

3775. Janin, Jules. Le Livre. 8vo. Paris, 1870. 

3776. JouAUST, D. Imprimerie, Editions de Bibliophiles. 12 mo. 
Paris, 1872. 

3777. KoNiNG, Jacques. Dissertation sur I'Origine, ITnvention, et le 
Perfectionnement de L'Imprimerie. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1819. 

3778. Laborde, L^on de. D^uts de I'lmprimerie \ Strasbourg, ou 
Recherches sur les Travaux Myst^rieux de Gutenberg dans cette 
ville, et sur le Proems qui lui fut intent^ en 1439 k cette Occasion. 
8vo. Paris, 1840. 

3779. Lacroix, Paul, Edouard Foumier, et Ferdinand Serd Histoire de 
rimprimerie et des Arts et Professions qui se rattachent k la 
Typographie. 8vo. Paris, 1852. 



Clasfjj 3|,— Bookjaf relatiag to ^tinting;. 381 

ZifU by William Blades^ Esq, 

3780. Lambinet, p. Recherches Historiques, Litt^raires et Critiq^ei^ 
sur rOrigine de rimprimerie ; particuli^rement sur ses premiers 
^tablissemens, au XVe. si^cle, dans la Belgique, maintenant r^unie 
k la R^publique Fran^aise. 8vo. Bruxelles, n. d. 

3781. LEFEVREjTh^otiste. Guide pratique du Compositeur d'Imprimerie, 
8vo. Paris, 1872-3. 

3782. LucHET, A. R^cit de I'inauguration de la Statue de Gutenberg. 
8vo. Paris, 1840. 

3783. Madden, J. P. A. Lettres d'un Bibliographe et dtudes sur 
Gutenberg et sur Schoiffer et sur les Origines de rimprimerie. 3 
tom. Paris, 1868-75. 

3784. Mansion, Colard, Notice sur, Libraire et Imprimeur de la ville 
de Bruges en Flandre dans le quinzi^me si^cle. 8vo. Paris, 
1829. 

3785. Marchand, Prosper. Histoire de I'Origine et des premiers pro- 
gr^s de rimprimerie. 4to. La Haye, 1740. 

3786. Supplement to the above. 4to. Paris, 1775. 

3787. Maurel, F. L'lmprimerie au Japon. 4to. Paris, 1572. 

3788. Meerman, M. Plan du Traitd des Origines Typographiques. 
8vo. 1762. 

3789. Meerman, M. De I'lnvention de l'lmprimerie, ou Analy^se des 
deux ouvrages publics sur cette mati^re. 8vo. Paris, 1809. 

3790. Meersch, p. C. Van der. Recherches sur la Vie et les Travaux 
des Imprimeurs Beiges et Nderlandais. 8vo. Gaudet, Paris, 
1856. 

3791. Metz, Essai Philologique sur les commencemens de la Typo- 
graphie \ et sur les Imprimeurs de cette Ville, puis^ dans les 
matdriaux d'une histoire litt^raire, biographique, ct bibliographique 
de Metz et de sa province. 8vo. Metz, 1828. 

3792. MoMORO, Ant. Frana Traitd ^Mmentaire de l'lmprimerie, ou Ic 
Manuel de rimprimeur. 8vo. Paris, 1786. 

3793. Monet, A. L. Le conducteur de Machines typographiques. 

Guide pratique. 8vo. Paris, 1872. 

3794. MoocK, L. Traitd pratique coniplet d'lmpression photograph ique 
aux encres grasses. 8vo. Paris, 1874. 

3795. MoTTEROZ, M. Essai sur les gravures chimiques en relief. 8vo. 
Paris, 187 1. . 



382 Ca;cton Celebration* 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

3796. OsMONT, J. B. L. Dictionnaire Typographique, Historique, e?t 
Critique des Livres rares, singuliers, estim^s et recherch^s en tous 
genres. 2 torn. Paris, 1768. 

3797. Paeile, Ch. Essai Historique et Critique sur I'lnvention de 
rimprimerie. 8vo. Paris, 1859. 

3798. Paroy, M., Le Mis de. Precis sur la St^reotypie, pr^c^d^ d'un 
coup d'ceil rapide sur TOrigine de rimprimerie et de ses progrfes. 
8vo. Paris, 1822. 

3799. PiETERS, Charles. Annales de rimprimerie Elsevirienne, ou 
Histoire de la Famille des- Elsevier et de ses Editions. 8vo. 
Gand, 185 1. 

3800. PiNCHART, Alexandre. Recherches sur les Cartes k jouer et sur 
leur fabrication en Belgique depuis I'annde 1379 jusqu'k la fin du 
XVIIIe. si^cle. 8vo. Bruxelles, 1870. 

3801. PouY, Ferdinand. Recherches Historiques et Bibliographiques 
sur rimprimerie et la Librairie et sur les Arts et Industries qui 
s'y rattachent dans le d^partement de la Somme. 8vo. Paris, 
1863. 

3802. Renouard, Ant. Aug. Annales de rimprimerie des Aide, ou 
Histoire des trois Manuce et de leurs Editions. 8vo. 3 tom. in i. 
Paris, 1825. 

3803. Renouard, Ant. Aug. Annales de rimprimerie des Estienne, 
ou Histoire de la Famille des Estienne et de ses editions. 8vo. 
Paris, 1837-38. 

3804. Reume, a. De. Recherches Historiques, G^ndalogiques, et 
Bibliographiques sur les Elsevier. 8vo. Bruxelles, 1847. 

3805. Rochelle, J. F. N^e de la. Eloge Historique de Jean Gens- 
fleisch dit Guttenberg, Premier Inventeur de I'Art Typographique 
k Mayence. 8vo. Paris, 181 1. 

Portrait of Gutenberg. 

3806. Ruelens, Charles. La question de I'Origine de rimprimerie et le 
Grand Concile Typographique. 8vo. Bruxelles, 1855. 

3807. Ruelens, C. et A. De Backer. Annales Plantiniennes depuis la 
Fondation de rimprimerie Plantinienne k Anvers jusqu'k la mort 
de Chr. Plantin (1555-1589). 8vo. Paris, 1866. 

3808. Siennicki, S. Joseph. Les Elzevir de la Biblioth^que de 
rUniversit^ Imp^riale de Varsovie. 8vo. Varsovie, 1874. 



Cla00 3|.— Booa0 rclatfnff to J^n'ntinff. 383 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3809. SiLVESTRE, L. C. MarquesTypographiqueSjOuRecueildes Mono- 
grammes, Chiffres, Enseignes, Emblemes, &c, qui ont exerc^ en 
France, depuis rintroduction de I'lmprimerie en 1470. 8va 
Paris, 1853. 

3810. SiLvius, Guillaume, Imprimeur D'Anvers, quelques Notes sur. 
(1560-15 79.) 8vo. Bruxelles, 1862. 

381 1. Vlissingen, p. van. Epreuves d'une premiere Imprimerie javan- 
aise .... k la fonderie de Jean Ensched^ et Fils. 410. 
Harlem, 1824. 

3812. ViNCARD, M. L'Art du Typographe. 2 me. Edition. 8va 
Paris, 1823. 

3813. Vincent, J. B. Essai sur rHistoire de rimprimerie en Belgique 
depuis le XVe. jusqu'k la fin du XVIIIe. Si^le. 8vo. 
Bruxelles, 1867. 

3814. Vries, A- De. Eclaircissemens sur THistoire de I'lnvention de 
rimprimerie. Traduit du Hollandais par J. J. F. Noordziek. 
8vo. La Haye, 1843. 

3815. Walther, Dr. C. F. Catalogue Bibliographique et raisonnd des 
Editions Elzeviriennes de la Biblioth^ue Imperiale publique 
de St P^tersbourg. 8vo. St P^tersbourg, 1864. 

3816. Werdet, Edmond. De la Librairie Fran9aise, son pass^ son pr^ 
sent, son avenir, avec Notices Biographiques sur les Libraires. 
8vo. Paris, i860. 

381 7. Werdet, Edmond. Histoire du Livre en France depuis les temps 
les plus recul^s jusqu'en 1789. 8vo. Paris, 1862. 

3818. Werdet, Edmond. Etudes Bibliographiques sur la famille des 
Didot 1 7 13-1864. 8va Paris, 1864. 

3819. WiNARiCKY, Rev. C. Jean Gutenberg, n^ en 141 »> ^ KuUenberg 
en Boheme. Essai Historique et Critique. 8va Bruxelles, 1847. 



GERMAN. 

3820. Mm, J. L. Die Buchdruckerei zu Beromiinster im funfzehnten 
Jahrhundert 8vo. Einsiedeln, New York, and Cincinnati, 1870. 

3821. Andencken, gepriesenes, von Erfindung der Buchdruckerey wie 
solches in Leipzig beym Schluss des dritten Jahrhunderts von den 
gesammten Buchdruckem daselbst gefeyert worden. 4to. In den 
Buchdruckereyen in Leipzig, 1740. 



384 Ca;ctoii Celebration 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3822. Bachmann, J. H. Neues Handbuch der Buchdruckerkunst. 
8vo. Weimar, 1876. 

3823. Bachmann, J. H. Die Schriftgiesserei. 4to. Leipzig, t868. 

3824. Bachmann, J. H. Die Schule des Musiknoten-Satzes. 4to. 
Leipzig, 1875. 

3825. Baur, E. C. Primitiae typographicae Spirensis, oder Nachrichten 
von der ersten und beriihmten Drachischen Buchdruckerey in der 
Reichs-Stadt Speyer und denen in dem XVten bis zu Anfang des 
XVIten Seculi daselbst gedruckten merckwiirdigen Biichern, wie 
auch dem ersten und raren Speyrischen Neuen Testament. 8vo. 
Speyer, 1764. 

The history of printing in general and of Speyrischen printing in particular. 

3826. BiBLiOGRAPHiscHE Adversaria, Nos. 2, 3. 8vo. Gravenhage, 
1873. 

3827. Blanck, J. L. Bildnisse beriihmter Kiinstler Buchhandler Buch- 
drucker und anderer Manner welche sich so wohl in als Ausserhalb 
Teutschland verdient gemacht. Folio. Numberg, 1779. 

It contains fifty-one portraits of printers, engravers, &c. 

3828. Blumenfeld, J. C. Die drei Tage Gutenbergs in Strassburg oder 
eine Darstellung dessen, was man gesehen und gehort an diesen 
drei grossen Tagen. i2mo. Strassburg, 1840. 

3829. Breitkopf, J. G. I. Nachricht von der Stempelschneiderey und 
Schriftgiesserey. Zur Erlauterung der Enschedischen Schriftprobe. 
4to. Leipzig, 1777. 

Reviewing the comparative merits of the founderies of Foumier le Jeune 
and Enschede. 

3830. Breslau. Geschichte der seit dreihundert Jahren in, befindlichen 
Stadtbuchdruckerey als ein beitrag zur allgemeinen Geschichte der 
buchdruckerkunst. 4to. Breslau, 1804. 

Portraits of Fust, Schoffer, Winkler, and Baumann, junior. 

3831. Brockhaus, F. H. Zur Erinnerung an das funfzigjahrige Jubi- 
laum der firma F. A. Brockhaus. 4to. Leipzig, 1857. 

3832. Brockhaus, H. E. Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, sein leben und 
wirken nach briefen und andern Auszeichnungen geschildert. 2 
Theil. 8vo. Leipzig, 1872-6. 

3833. Buchdruckerkunst. Annalen der Typographic. Centralorgan 
fiir die technischen und materiellen interessen der Presse. 4to. 
Leipzig, 1870. 



Claj2(0 9|.— ©oofej3f relarmff to printing:* 385 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3834. BucHDRUCKERKUNST. Typographia oder die Buchdruckerkunst, 
eine Erfindung der Deutschen ; bei Gelegenheit der vierten Har- 
lemer Secularfeier zur Ehre dieser Kunst in Erinnening gebracht. 
8vo. Essen, 1823. 

3835. Buchdruckerkunst. Druckwerken, Die Herstellung von. 8vo. 
Leipzig, 1868. 

3836. Buchdruckerkunst. Abhandlung von der Buchdruckerkunst, 
und einiger dahin gehorigen Stvicken des Alterthums. 8vo. 
Bremen, 1740. 

3837. Buchdruckerkunst. Reutlingen. Die Feier des Vierten Jubel- 
festes der Buchdruckerkunst in Reutlingen am Johannis Feiertage 
24 Junii, 1840. 8vo. Reutlingen, 1840. 

3838. Buchdruckerey. Die wohl-eingerichtete, mit hundert-und ein 
und zwanzig Teutsch-Lateinisch-Griechisch-und Hebraischen 
Schrifften, &c. Oblong 4to. Nurnberg, 1733. 

3839. Buchdruckerey. Gepriesenes Andencken von erfindung der. 
4to. Leipzig, 1740. 

3840. Buchdruckerkunst. Die . . . Buchdruckerkunst und Schrift- 
giesserey mit ihren Schriften, Formaten und alien dazu gehorigen 
Instrumenten abgebildet auch klarlich beschrieben, &c. Mit einer 
Vorrede Herrn Johann Erhard Kappens. 4 Bde. 8vo. Leipzig, 
1740-5- 

3841. Buchdruckerkunst. Das vierte Sacularfest der Erfindung der 
Buchdruckerkunst begangen zu Stuttgart am 24 und 25 Juni, 
1840. 4to. Stuttgart, 1840. 

3842. Buchdruckerkunst. Dinten-Fass. Das auf alle Fiille wohlein- 
gerichtete, und die corrigirten Schreiberey-Materialien, &c. Zu 
finden in Leipzig, bey dem Schreibe-Meister Johann Stapsen. 8vo. 
Leipzig, 1736. 

3843. Buchdruckerkunst. Tinten-Fass. Das auss neue wohl zube- 
reitete, oder, Anweisung wie man gute schwarze, buntf arbige, auch 
andere curiose Tinten zubereiten . . . soil. Dritte Auflage. 8vo. 
Helmstadt, 1733. 

3844. Campbell, F. A. G. Bibliographische Adversaria. No. i. De 
beginselen der boekdrukkunst te Rotterdam, door. Svo. 
's Gravenhage, 1873. 

3845. Clessen, W. J. J. Drittes Jubel-Fest der Buchdruckerkunst. 
8vo. Gotha, 1740. 

c c 



386 Ca;cton Celebration. 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

3846. DiDOT, Ambroise Firmin. Gutenberg, Jean ou Hans Gensfleisch. 
Extrait de la Nouvelle Biographie G^n^rale publi^e par MM. 
Firmin Didot Fibres et Fils. 8vo. 1856. 

3847. Die Fest-tage der Buchdruckers. Eine Sammlung von Prologen 
Festgriissen, Tafelliedern, Toasten, etc i6mo. Leipzig, 1868. 

3848. DiTTRiCH, Robert. Anleitung zum Satz der Musiknoten-Typen. 
4to. Leipzig, 1872. 

3849. Dresden. Der loblichen Buchdnicker-Gesellschafft zu Dresden 
Jubel-Geschichte A. 1740, den 24 und 25 Junii. Mit einer 
Vorrede Herrn Christian Schottgens. 4to. Dresden, 1740. 

3850. Ed, C. M. Kurzgefasste Geschichte des Buchdrucks von C. M. 
Ed, Buchdrucker. 8vo. Hamburg, 1839. 

3851. Ehe, Dr. A. V. Leben und Wirken Albrecht Diirer's. 8vo. 
Nordlingen, 1869. 

3852. Erfurt. Thiiringisch-Erfurter Gedenkbuch der vierten Sacular- 
Jubelfeier der erfindung der Buchdruckerkunst, 26-27 J^H, 1840. 
8vo. Erfurt, 1840. 

With a portrait of Gutenberg. 

3853. Falkenstein, Dr. Karl. Geschichte der Buchdruckerkunst in 
ihrer Entstehung und Ausbildung. Ein Denkmal zur vierten 
Sacular-Feier der Erfindung der Typographie. 4to. Leipzig, 1856. 

3854. Fabricius, J. F. Notizen iiber die Einfiihrung und erste Aus- 
breitung der Buchdruckerkunst in Amerika. 8vo. Hamburg, 184 1. 

3855. Fabricius, J. F. Typologie, die Lehre und Kunde von Abdriicken 
Oder von Buchstaben iiberhaupt. 8vo. Hamburg, 1 844. 

3856. Ferber, L. Der Rund- und Bogen-Satz. 8vo. Offenbach, 1876. 

3857. FoNTENELLE, T. and Poisson, P. VoUstandiger Unterricht iiber 
alle Schreib-, Zeichnungs-, und Druck-Materialien. 8vo. Ulm, 
1831. 

3858. FoRMAT-BuECHLEiN, Ncu auffgcsetztes, Oder Vorgestellte Nach- 
richtungs-Figuren wie man auff der loblichen kunst Buchdruckerey 
in alien . . . Formaten die Columnen recht ordentlich ausschies- 
sen und stellen soil, &c. 1673. 

3859. Franke, Carl August. Katechismus der Buchdruckerkunst und 
der verwandten Geschaftsweige. 8vo. Leipzig, 1872. 

3860. Frese, J. H. Die doppelte Buch- und Geschaftsfuhrung fiir 
Buchdruckereien. 4to. Leipzig, 1859. 



Cla00 3.— BoofejsJ relating: to ^vintiriQ. 387 

Zen^ by William Blades^ Esq, 

3861. Freyberg, Christian August. Von den allerersten und altesten 
Buchdruckern zu Dressden, &c. 4to. Dressden, 1 740. 

3862. Freybergen, Christian August. Reliquien von der Dressdnischen, 
und iibrigen Ober Sachsischen Buchdnicker-Historie gesammelt, 
&c. 4to. Dressden, 1741. 

3863. Gessner, Chn. Friedr., der in der Buchdnickerei wohl unterrich- 
tete Lehr-Junge oder : bey der Loblichen Buchdruckerkunst 
nothige und niizliche Anfangsgriinde, darinnen alles, was bey 
selbiger in Acht zu nehmen u. zu lemen vorfallt, von einem 
Kunstverwandten mitgetheilet wird. 8vo. Leipzig, 1 743. 

Type-specimens of the Ehrhardt and Zincken type-foundries. 

3864. GoLowATZKij, Jakow Feodorowitsch. Sweipolt Fiol und seine 
Kyrillische Buchdnickerei in Krakau von Jahre 1491. 8vo. 
Vienna, 1876. 

3865. GozE, Dr. Ludwig. Aeltere geschichte der Buchdruckerkunst in 
Magdeburg, i. Abtheilung : die drucker des XV. Jahrhunderts 
mit 5 artistischen beilagen. 8vo. Magdeburg, 1872. 

3866. Grotefend, C. L. Geschichte der Buchdruckereien in den 
Hannoverschen und Braunschweigischen Landen. 8vo. Hann- 
over, 1840. 

3867. Gutenberg. Beschreibung des Festes dem Andenken des erfin- 
ders der Buchdruckerkunst Johann Gensfleisch Zum, gefeiert in 
Mainz am 4 Oktober, 1824. 8vo. Mainz, 1824. 

3868. Gutenberg. Gedenbuch an die festlichen Tage der Inauguration 
des Gutenberg-Denkmals zu Mainz, 13-16 August, 1837. 8vo. 
Mainz, 1837. 

3869. Gutenberg. Kurzer Abriss der Lebensbeschreibung. Nebst 
Nachrichten uber die Errichtung und Einweihung seines Denk- 
mals von Thorwaldsen zu Mainz. 8vo. Mainz, 1840. 

3870. Haltaus, Dr. Karl. Album deutscher Schriftsteller zu vierten 
Sacularfeier der Buchdruckerkunst. 8vo. Leipzig, 1840. 

'llie introduction treats of the invention of printing, and the Album consists 
of pieces, mostly original, contributed by the most cefebrated living authors and 
authoresses of Germany. 

3871. Hasper, W. Handbuch der Buchdruckerkunst. 8vo. Carlsruhe 
und Baden, 1835. 

A technical work by a practical printer. 



388 Cajcton Celebration* 

T^nt by William Blades^ Esq. 

3872. Hassler, Dr. K. D. Die Buchdrucker-Geschichte Ulm's zur 
vierten Sacularfeier der Erfindung der Buchdruckerkunst. 410. 
Ulm 1840. 

3873. Hering, Arthur. Anleitung zur Holzschneide-Kunst. 8vo. 
Leipzig, 1873. 

3874. Hug, J. Leonhard. Die Erfindung der Buchstabenschrift ihr 
Zustand und friihester Gebrauch im Alterthum. 4to. Ulm, 1801. 

3875. HuPFAUER, Paul. Druckstiicke aus dem xv Jahrhunderte, welche 
sich in der Bibliothek des regulirten Chorstiftes Beuerberg 
befinden. Mit 23 holtzschnitten. 8vo. Augsburg, 1794. 

3876. Ihm, B. a. Die bunten Farben in der Buchdruckerei und 
insbesondere deren Druck auf der Schnellpresse. Ein Handbuch 
zur prachtischen Erlemung und Forthilfe. 8vo. Wien and 
Leipzig, 1874. 

3877. JuBELZEUGNissE, Oeffcntliche, welche bey dem von einigen 
Buchdruckern zu Halle den 25 Jul., 1740, Erneuerten Andenken 
der vor dreyhundert Jahren erfundenen Buchdruckerkunst. 4to 
Halle, 1 741. 

3878. Kade, Dr. E. Die vierte Sacularfeier der Buchdruckerkunst zu 
Leipzig am 24, 25, 26, Juni, 1840. Eine Denkschrift im Auftrage 
des Comit^ zur Feier der Erfindung der Buchdruckerkunst 
verfasst. 4to. Leipzig: Ausgegeben am Johannistage, 1841. 

3879. Kleinknecht, Conrad D. Gott-geheiligte Evangelisch-Luther- 
ische Buchdrucker-Jubel-Freude. 8vo. Ulm, 1742. 

3880. Klemmen, J oh. Ch. Das Angedencken des dritten Jubel- 
Fests der edlen Buchdrucker-kunst auf der Universitat Tiibingen 
(welches) theils wie dieses Jubel-Fest A. 1740. 4to. Tiibingen, 
1740. 

3881. KoEHLER, J. D. Hochverdiente und aus bewahrten Urkunden 
wohlbeglaubte Ehren-Rettung Johann Guttenbergs, eingebohmen 
Biirgers in Mayntz, aus dem alten Rheinlandischen Adelichen 
Geschlechte derer von Sorgenloch, genannt Gansefleisch, wegen 
der ersten Erfindung der nie gnug gepriesenen Buchdrucker- 
Kunst in der Stadt Mayntz, zu unverganglichen Ehren der 
Teutschen Nation. 4to. Leipzig, 1741. 

3882. KoNNECKE, Dr. G. Ein unbekannter Druck von William 
Caxton aus dem Jahre 1483, in der Bibliotheca Hechto-Heineana 
zu Halberstadt aufgefunden. 8vo. Marburg, 1874. 



Clagf0 g.— ffiooli0 relating to ^vintin^. 389 

Zen/ by William Blades^ Esq. 

3883. Kramers, D. Daniel. D. Hieronymi Homschuchs wohl unter- 
weisener Corrector. 8vo. Leipzig, 1739. 

3884. KiESEWETTER, Dr. L. Gedrangte Geschichte der Buchdrucker- 
kunst von ihrer Erfindung bis auf unsere Tage. 8vo. Glogau, 
1840. 

3885. Lappenburg, J. M. Zur Geschichte der Buchdruckerkunst in 
Hamburg am 24 Juni, 1840. 4to. Hamburg, 1840. 

3886. I.EMPERTZ, Heinrich. Beytrage zur altem Geschichte der Buch- 
druck und Holzschneidekunst. i. Heft, mit abbildungen. 2. 
Vermehrte Auslage. 4to. Koln, 1839. 

3887. Lempertz, Heinrich. Bilder-hefte zur Geschichte des Biicher- 
handels und der mit demselben verwandten Kiinste und Gewerbe. 
Folio. Koln, 1853-65. 

3888. Lessel, J. C. Die edle Buchdruckerkunst (als ein von Gott 
Geschencktes Hulffs-Mittel zur Fortpflantzung des Glaubens) im 
Jahr Christi 1740, den 24 Junii am Tage St. Johannis des 
Tauflfers, bey dem Dritten Jubel-Feste. 4to. Brief, 1740. 

3889. Lesser, Fried. Christ Typographia Jubilans, das ist : Kurtzge- 
fasste Historic der Buchdruckerey. 8vo. Leipzig, 1 740. 

3890. LiCHTENBERGER, J. F. Geschichte der Erfindung der Buch- 
druckerkunst zur ehrenrettung Strassburgs und vollstandiger 
Widerlegung der Sagen von Harlem. 8vo. Strassburg, 1824. 

3891. LiscH, G. C. F. Geschichte der Buchdruckerkunst in Meklen- 
burg, bis zum Jahre 1540. 8vo. Schwerin, 1839. 

It gives a history of several of the early printers of Rostock. 

3892. LoRCK, C. B. Die Graphischen Kiinste auf der Ausstellung zu 
Wien. 8vo. Leipzig, 1874. 

3893. Mahncke, G. H. Johannes von Guttenberg, Erfinder der 
Buchdruckerkunst, und Doctor Johann Faust oder die Zeichen 
der Zeit. 8vo. Hamburg, 1809. 

3894. Maittaire, Mich. A. M. Annales Typographici ab Artis in- 
venta origine ad annum M.D. 4to. Hagae, 17 19. 

Portraits of Gutenberg, Faustus, Co<;tenis, Manucius, and FVobenius. 



390 .gr Canon Ctlebration* 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

3895. Marahrens, August. VoUstandiges theoretisch-praktisches 
Handbuch der Typographic nach ihrem heutigen Standpunkt. 
Herausgegeben von August Marahrens, Buchdrucker. 2 vols, 
in one. 8vo. Leipzig, 1870. 

Practical throughout, the first vol. being upon composition, and the second 
upon press work. 

3896. Marahrens, Aug. VoUstandiges Real-Lexikon der Buchdrucker- 
kunst, und der ihr verwandten Graphischen Kiinste und Ge- 
werbe. 8vo. Fulda, 1876. 

3897. Metz, Fried. Geschichte des Buchhandels und der Buchdrucker- 
kunst. 8vo. Darmstadt, 1834. 

3898. Meyer, Dr. Heinrich. Gutenberg's Album. 8vo. Braunschweig, 
1840. 

Pieces in praise of printing in nearly every known language, ancient and 
modem, except Irish and Welsh. 

3899. Meyer, L. E. Die Buchdruckerkunst in Augsburg bei ihrem 
Entstehen. Eine Denkschrift zur Feier des vierten Sakular- 
Festes der Erfindung Guttenbergs. 8vo. Augsburg, 1840. 

3900. Mezger, G. C. Augsburgs alteste Druckdenkmale und Fonn- 
schneiderarbeiten welche in der vereignigten Konigl. Kreis und 
Stadtbibliothek daselbst aufbewahrt werden. 4to. Augsburg, 
1840. 

37 woodcuts. 

3901. MoHR, Louis. Das Haus Berger-Levrault in Strassburg. 8vo. 
Strassburg, 1876. 

3902. Neuburg£R, Hermann. Encyklopadie der Buchdruckerkunst. 
8vo. Leipzig, 1844. 

3903. Panzers, M. Georg Wolfgang. Aelteste Buchdruckergeschichte 
Niirnbergs oder Verzeichniss aller von Erfindung der Buchdruc- 
kerkunst bis 1500 in Niirnberg gedruckten Biicher mit literarischen 
Anmerkungen. 4to. Niirnberg, 1789. 

3904. Petzholdt, Dr. Julius. Bibliotheca Bibliographica. Kritisches 
verzeichniss der das gesammtgebiet der bibliographie betreffenden 
litteratur des in-und auslandes. In systematischer ordnung. 
8vo. Leipzig, 1866. 

3905. Putter, J. S. Der Buchernachdruck nach achten Grundsatzen 
des Rechts, gepriift. 4to. Gottingen, 1774. 



€la00 3|.— Book0 relating: to ^vintin^. 391 

Lent by Williajti Blades, Esq. 

3906. Redinger, Jacob. Neu-Auffgesetztes Formal-Buchlein, worinnen 
alle figuren abgefasset wie man die Columnen recht ordentlich 
ausschiessen und stellen soil, so wohl in grossals Kleinen for- 
maten. 4to. Franckfurt am Mayn, 1679. 

3907. Reichart, p. G. Die Dnickorte des 15 Jahrhunderts nebst 
Angabe der Erzeugnisse ihrer erstjahrigen typographischen Wirk- 
samkeit. Mit einem Anhange : Verzeichniss der je ersten Typo- 
graphen und jener Dnickorte, deren allererste Drucker bis jetzt 
unbekannt geblieben sind. 4to. Augsburg, 1853. 

3908. ScHAAB, C. A. Die geschichte der Erfindung der Buchdrucker- 
kunst durch Johann Gensfleisch genannt Gutenberg zu Mainz, 
pragmatisch aus den quellen bearbeitet. 8vo. 3 Band. Mainz, 
1830. 

Portraits of Gutenberg, Schoflfer, and Fust. 

3909. Schwabe, C. L. Die Erfindung der Buchdruckerkunst und ihrige 
Folgen. 8vo. Leipzig, 1840. 

3910. ScHMATZ, D. M. Neu-vorgestelltes auf der loblichen Kunst 
Buchdruckerey gebrauchliches Format-Buch. 8vo. Sultzbach, 
1684. 

391 1. Schmidt, Dr. Job. Eine Christliche, Danck Predige. Wegen 
der im Jahr 1440 neu-erfundenen sehr nutzlichen Buchdrucker- 
Kunst Gehalten in Strassburg an 1640. 64mo. 1678. 

This volume, which measures 2\ in. by i|- in., is the well-known sermon of 
Dr. Schmidt from the text ** Gross sind die werck dess HErm." 

3912. ScHULZ, Otto August. Gutenberg oder Geschichte der Buch- 
druckerkunst von ihrem Ursprung bis zur Gegenwart. 8vo. 
Leipzig. 1840. 

3913. Schwetschke, Gustav. Vorakademische Buchdruckergeschichte 
der Stadt Halle. Eine Festschrift. Mit einem Anhange : I. Ehren- 
Rettung des sachsischen Merseburg, als des Druckorts " Marsi- 
polis" und "Merssborg" von 1473, ^"^ mithin als der altesten 
norddeutschen Druckstatte. II. Supplementarisches zu Hain, 
Ebert, Schaab und Wetter. 4to. Halle, 1 840. 

3914. Smalian, Hermann. Practisches Handbuch fur Buchdrucker im 
verkehr mit Schriftgiessereien. 8vo. Danzig, 1874. 

3915. SoTZMANN, M. Alteste Geschichte der Xylographie und der 
Druckkunst uberhaupt besonders in der Anwendung auf den 
Bilddruck. 8vo. Leipzig, 1837. 



39^ €siXton Celebration^ 

Zenf by William Blades^ Esq. 

3916. Stockmeyer, Immanuel und Reber Balthasar. Beitrage zur 
Easier Buchdruckergeschichte. Zur Feier des Johannistages 
MDCCCXL. Herausgegeben von der Historischen Gesellschaft 
zu Basel. 4to. Basel, 1840. 

3917. Strasburger Industrie Schule. Gutenberg Erfinder der Buch- 
druckerkunst, eine historische Skizze mit mehreren Zeichnungen 
und Facsimile autographisch ausgefiihrt von den Zoglingen der 
Strasburger Industrie Schule. Lithographed. 4to. Strasburg, 
1840. 

3918. Stuckrad, Georg. Programm fur das Gutenbergs-Jubilaum 
des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts. 8vo. Offenbach, 1837. 

3919. Taubel, C. G. Orthotypographisches Handbuch ; oder Anleitung 
zur grundichen Kenntniss derjenigen theile der Buchdrucker- 
kunst. 8vo. Leipsig, 1788. 

3920. Taubel, C. G. Praktisches Handbuch der Buchdruckerkunst 
fur Anfanger. 8vo. Leipzig, 179 1. 

3921. Taeubel, C. G. AUgemeines theoretisch-practisches Worter- 
buch der Buchdruckerkunst und Schriftgiesserey, in welchem alle 
bey der Ausiibung derselben vorkommende und in die damit 
verw^andten Kiinste, Wissenschaften und Gewerbe einschlagenden 
Kunstworter nach alphabetischer Ordnung deutlich und ausfiihr- 
lich erklart werden. 2 Bande. 4to. Wien, 1805. 

Frontispiece, a printing-office. 

3922. Taubel, C. G. Vollstandiges theoretisch-practisches Lehrbuch 
der Buchdruckerkunst fiir Angehende Schriftsetzer und Drucker 
in den Buchdruckereyen. 2 Theil. 8vo. Wien, 1809-10. 

3923. Tentzel, W. E. Discours von Erfindung der loblichen Buch- 
druckerkunst in Teutschland. i2mo. Gotha, 1700. 

3924. Waldow, a. Typographische Bibliothek. 13 parts. 8vo. 
Leipzig, 1865-72. 

A series of essays on the practical part of printing. 

3925. Waldow, Alexander. Die Buchdruckerkunst in ihrem tech- 
nischen und Kaufmannischen Betriebe. Erste Band. Vom 
Satz. 4to. Leipzig, 1874. 

3926. Welcker, Ph. H. Festgedicht bei der vierten Sacularfeier der 
Buchdruckerkunst und beim Jubilaum des zweihundertjahrigen 
Bestehens der Engelhard-Reyherschen Buchdruckerei in Gotha. 
8vo. Gotha (1840). 



Cla00 9|.— )Book0 relating: to printing* 393 

Lent by William Blades, Esq, 

3927. Werthern, Johann D. Warhafftige Nachrichten der so alt- als 
behihmten Buchdrucker-Kunst, in welchen vom Urspning und 
Fortgang der Buchdruckereyen, von 1440 an, biss ietzo 1721 und 
denen darinn eingefiihrten Gebrauchen auch eingeschlichenen 
Missbrauchen und Unordnungen gehandelt wird, alles aus 
bewahrtesten Urkunden, und selbst-eigener vieljahrigen Erfahrung 
mit grossem Fleiss und Kosten zusammengetragen und aus 
unpartheyischen Gemiithe dem Publico mitgetheilet. Franck- 
furth und Leipzig. 4to. 1721. 

3928. Wessely, J. E. Anleitung zur kenntniss und zum sammeln der 
werke des Kunstdruckes. 8vo. Leipzig, 1876. 

On engraving upon wood, copper, and stone. 

3929. WiEN. Geschichte der K. K. Hof-und Staats-Druckerei in Wien 
von einem Typographen dieser Anstalt. 8vo. Wien, 185 1. 

3930. Zapf [G. W.], H. Ueber meine literarische Reise in einige 
Kloster Baiems im Jahre 1780. 8vo. Augsburg, 1782. 

3931. Zapf [G. W.] Ehre Herrn Bonaventura IL des hochlobl. Stifts 
Rheinau wiirdigsten Pralaten gegen die Unverschamtheit Herrn 
F. J. Sulzers gerettet. 8vo. [Augsburg], 1783. 

3932. Zapf [G. W.] Ueber meine literarische Reise in einen Theil 
von Baiern, Franken und Schwaben im Jahre 1782. 8vo. Augs- 
burg, 1783. 

3933. Zapf [G. W.] Litterarische Reisen, erstes Bandchen. 8vo. 
Augsburg, 1796. 

3934. Denkschrift der Museumgesellschaft in Ziirich. Zur Feier des 
24 Junius, 1840. 4to. Ziirich, 1840. . 



ITALIAN. 

3935. Bernardi, Ab. Dott. lac. Cav. Intorno a Panfilo Castaldi da 
Feltre e alia invenzione dei caratteri mobili per la Stampa. 4to. 
Milano, 1866. 

3936. BoDONi. Vita del Cavaliere Giambattista Bodoni Tipografo 
Italiano, e catalogo cronologico delle sue edizioni. 2 torn. 4to. 
Parma, i8i6. 

3937. Bodoni, Giambattista, L prefazione al Manuale Tipografico dL 
8vo. Firenze, 1874. 



394 Canon Celebration* 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

3938. BoNi, Mauro. Lettere sui primi libri a stampa di alcune cittk e 
terre dell' Italia superiore, parte sinora sconosciuti parte nuovai 
mente illustrati. 4to. Venezia, 1794. 

3939. Brofferio, G. Cenni storici intorno all' arte tipografica e suo- 
progressi in Piemonte dalF invenzione della stampa sino al 1835, 
dettati dall' awocato Angelo Brofferio giusta le memorie ed i 
documenti somministratigli dal tipografo, editore e librajo 
Giuseppe Pomba e da questo ora pubblicati. 8vo. Milano, 
1876. 

The history of printing in Piedmont to 1835. 

3940. Ceruti, Antonio. Lettere inedite di dotti Italiani des Secolo XVI. 
tratte dagli autograft della biblioteca Ambrosiana. 8vo. Milano, 
1867. 

Contains four letters from Paulus Manutius, printer, to G. V. Pinelli, 
written A.D. 1560. 

3941. Lechi, Luigi. Della Tipografia Bresciana nel Secolo decimo- 
quinto. Memorie di. 4to. Brescia, 1854. 

3942. Manni, D. Maria. Vita di Pietro Pema, Lucchese diligentissimo 
Impressore in Basilea. 8vo. Lucca, 1763. 

3943. Mazzucotelli, a. L'Arte del Guttemberg ossia la stampa. 8vo. 
Torino, 1863. 

3944. Minotto, a. S. Monumenti a Vittorino de' Rambaldoni e 
Panfilo Castaldi in Feltre. 4to. Feltre, 1869. 

This is in support of the claims to the invention of printing by Castaldi. 

3945. Orlandi, p. a. Origine e progressi della stampa o sia dell' 
arte impressoria ; e notizie dell' opere stampate dall' anno 
M.CCCC.LVIL sino all' anno M.D. 4to. Bologna, 1722. 

Several plates of printer's marks in the text. 

3946. Ottino, G. La stampa periodica. II commercio dei libri e la 
tipografia in Italia. 8vo. Milano, 1875. 

Statistics of all the newspapers, and serials, and printing-offices in Italy, with 
a full bibliography at the end. 

3947. Palazzi, M. Gio. Andrea. I Discorsi di, sopra I'lmprese : recitati 
neir Academia d'Urbino. 8vo. Bologna, 1575. 

3948. Panizzi, a. Chi era Francesco da Bologna? 8vo. Londra, 
1858. 

This tract was printed privately by Sir A. Panizzi at the Chiswick Press, 
its object being to prove that the artist who designed and cut the Aldine 
types was no otner tluin the celebrated painter II Francia. * 



€la00 3|.— Soofejsf vtlatins to ^vintin^. 395 

Zgftt by William Blades^ Esq. 

3949. Pozzi, Alfeo. L'ltalia sotto i varj suoi aspetti. 8vo. Milan, 
1868. 

A detailed account of how the festival in honour of Castaldi, the inventor of 
printing, was originated by a few workmen at Milan. 

3950. PozzoLi, Giulio. Nuovo Manuale di Tipografia ossia Guida 
pratica pei corabinatori di caratteri, pei torcolieri, macchinisti, 
legatori di libri ecc Seconda Edizione. 8vo. M' no, 1873. 

3951. Praloran, Giovanni. Delle Origini e del primato della stampa 
tipografica. 8vo. Milano, 1868. 

3952. ToMMASEO, N. Di Giampietro Vieusseux e dell' andamento della 
Civiltk Italiana in un quarto di secolo. Seconda Edizione. 8vo. 
Firenze, 1864. 

Vieusseux was the originator and proprietor of the first newspaper published 
in Florence. 

3953. ToRRiNi, Dr. Luigi. Sulle Officine tipografiche Riminesi. 4to. 
Bologna, 1866, 

3954. Vermiglioli, G. B. La Tipografia Perugina del secolo XV. 8vo. 
Perugia, 1820. 

3955. VoLPi-CoMiNiANA. Annali della Tipografia Volpi-Cominiana 
colle notizie intomo la vita e gli studj de' Fratelli Volpi. 8vo. 
Padova, 1809. 

Portrait of Volpi. 

3956. Zaccaria, G. Catalogo ragionato di opere stampate per Francesco 
Marcolini da Forli. 8vo. Fermo, 1850. 



DUTCH. 

3957. Ampzing, Sam. Beschryvinge ende Lof der Stad Haerlem. 
Mitsgaders Petri Scriverii Lavre-Kranz voor Lavrens Koster, eerste 
Vinder vande Boekdrvckerye. 4to. Haerlem, 1628. 

3958. Baudet, p. J. H. Leven en Werken van Willem Jansz. Blaeu. 
8vo. Utrecht, 187 1. 

3959. BoEKDRUKKUNST, Uitvinding der. 8vo. Haarlem, 1854. 

3960. Catalogus van Voorwerpen ingezonden ter algemeene Typo- 
graphische Tentoonstelling gehouden te Haarlem, bij gelegenheid 
der plegtige OnthuUing van het metalen Standbeeld van Lourens 
Janzoon Coster. 8vo. Haarlem, 1856. 



39^ Carton Celebration* 

Lent by William Blades ^ Esq. 

3961. Elsevier, W. J. C. Rammelan. De voormalige Drukkerij op het 
Raadhuis der Stadt Ley den. Ao. 1577-1610. Medegedeeld in de 
maandelijksche vergadering van de Maatschappij der Neder- 
landsche letterkunde. 8vo. 1857. 

3962. Even, E. van. Rudolf Loeffs, drukker te Bommel, 1491. Overge- 
drukt uit de Kronijk van het Historisch Genootschap te Utrecht. 
4to. (Utrecht), 1853. 

3963. Gerlings, H. Haarlemsche Bijdragen bijeengebragt. 8vo. 
Haarlem, 1869. 

3964. Gerlings, H. Het Leven van Theodonis Schrevelius (Dirk 
Schrevel). 8vo. n. d.j n. p. 

3965. Jacob, J. L. C. Bonaventuur en Abraham Elzevier, kleine letter- 
kundige bijdrage. i2mo. 1841. 

3966. KoNiNG, J. Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis der Boekdrukkunst. 
8vo. Haarlem, 181 8. 

3967. KoNiNG, J. Over de Antwerpsche Boekprinters der vijftiende eeuw. 
8vo. Amsterdam, 1828. 

3968. Kortebrant, Jakob. Lof der Druckkunste, te Haerlem uitge- 
vonden door Laurens Janszoon Koster, omtrent het Jaer 
MCCCCXL. ; op haer derde Eeuwgetijde. 4to. Delf, 1740. 

3969. Langendyk, Pieter. Lofdicht op het Eerbeeld van Laurens 
Koster, eersten Vinder der Drukkunst, Kunstig uitgehouwen door 
Mr. G. V. Heerstal, en opgerecht binnen de stadt Haarlem, in den 
Artseynhof, in den Jaare 1722. 4to. Haarlem, 1723. 

3970. Laurier-Krans, gevlogten om't hoofd van Laurens Koster, 
eerste uitvinder der Boekdrukkunst binnen Haarlem. 4to. 
Haarlem, 1726. 

A curious woodcut of Koster. 

3971. Ledeboer, a. M., het geslacht van Waesberghe. Eene bijdrage 
tot de geschiedenis der Boekdrukkunst en van den boekhandel in 
Nederland. 8vo. Rotterdam, 1859. 

3972. Ledeboer, A. M. De Boekdrukkers Boekverkoopers en uitgevers 
in Noord-Nederland. 4to. Deventer, 1872. 

3973. Loosjes, Vincent. Gedenkschriften wegens het vierde Eeuwgetijde 
van de uitvinding der Boekdrukkunst door Lourens Janszoon 
Koster van stadswege gevierd te Haarlem, lo-ii July, 1823. 8vo. 
Haarlem, 1824. 



Cla00 31.-— Soofe0 relating to ^^rinting:* 397 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq, 

3974. NooRDziEK, J. J. F. Gedenkboek der Costers-Feesten van 15, 
i6 en 17 Julii, 1856. 8vo. 1858. 

3975. Parnas Vreuchden, ter onsterfelijker gedagtenis over het derde 
eeuwjaar van de uitvinding der noit volpreese Boek-drukkonst, 
door Laurens Jansz. Koster, in zyn leven schepen der stad Haar- 
lem. 4to. Haarlem, 1740. 

A rare copper-plate portrait of Coster. 

3976. RoEST, M. De Wetenschappelijke moraliteit van Dr. A. van Der 
Linde een poosje maar te luchten gehangen, ten gerieve der lezers 
van diens spectator-opstellen en boek over " De Haarlemsche 
Costerlegende." 8vo. Amsterdam, 1870. 

3977. ScHELTEMA, J. en J. Koning. Vier briefen over de laatste 
tegenspraak van het regt van Haarlem op de uitvinding der Druk- 
kunst 8vo. 1823. 

3978. ScHELTEMA, J. Levensschets van Laurens Janszoon Koster. 
8vo. (Amsterdam), 1834. 

3979. ScHiNKEL, A. D. Verlolg van de Handschriften en oude drukken 
(incunabulen), enz deel uitmakende van. 8vo. n. p. 1857. 

3980. Seiz, J. C. Het derde Jubeljaar der uitgevondene Boekdruk- 
konst. 8vo. Haerlem, 1740. 

3981. Westreenen, W. H. J. van. Verhandeling over de uitvinding 
der Boekdrukkunst ; in Holland vorspronkelijk uitgedacht te 
Strassburg verbeterd en te Mentz voltooid. 8vo. Hage, 1809. 



LATIN. 

3982. Aldo Manuzio. Lettres et Documents, 1495-1515. Armand 
Baschet collexit et adnotavit sumptibus Antonii Antonelli. 8vo. 
Venetiis, 1867. 

3983. Almeloveen, Theo. Jan. ab. M.D. De vitis Stephanorum ce- 
lebrium Typographorum dissertatio Epistolica. Subjecta est H. 
Stephani querimonia Artis typographicae. 8vo. Amstelaedami, 
1683. 

3984. Augsburg. Notitia historico-litteraria de libris ab artis typogra- 
phicae inventione usque ad annum mcccclxxviiii. impressis : in 
Bibliotheca liberi ac Imperialis Monasterii ad SS. Udalricum et 
Afram Augustas extantibus. Partes L et H. 4to. Augustae 
Vindelicorum, 1788. 



398 ,uniiu Carton CeUbratfom 

Zent by William Blades^ Esq, 

3985. Becquignolle, Johannes Carolus. De Statu Typographiae su- 
periorura temporum ad hodiernum comparato. 4to. Halae 
Salicae, 1740. 

3986. Beughem, C. Incunabula Typographiae. i2mo. Amstelodami, 
1688. 

3987. Claromontius, God. In statuam laureatam L. Costeri. Folio. 
Amsterdam, 1723. 

3988. Fritsch, Ahasver. Dissertationes duae historico-politicae, altera 
de abusibus typographiae toUendis, altera de Zygenorum origine, 
vita, ac moribus. Editio altera. 4to. Jenae, 1664. 

3989. Ingolstadium. Bibliothecae Academicae Ingolstadiensis Incuna- 
bula typographica, seu libri ante annum 1500 impressi circiter 
mille et quadringenti, quos disposuit, descripsit, et notis illustravit 
Sebastianus Seemiller. Fasciculi I. et II. 4to. Ingolstadii, 
1787-8. 

399a Judex, Matthaeus. De Typographiae inventione, et de praelorum 
legitima inspectione, libellus brevis et utile. 8vo. Copenhagii, 
1566. 

3991. JuNGENDRES, Sebastianus Jacobus. Epistola de Libris accuratius 
imprimendis, qua in mendorum typographicorum causas studiose 
inquiritur, et quomodo ilia sint removenda luculenter demonstran- 
tur. 4to. Francofurti ad Moen. 1721. 

3992. HiRSCHius, Carolus Christianus. Librorum ab anno I. usque ad 
annum L. sec XVI. typis exscriptorum, ex libraria quadam supel- 
lectile Norimbergae privatis sumptibus in communem usum col- 
lecta et observata, millenarius I. 4to. Noribergae, 1736. 

3993. Lackmann, a. H. Annalium typographicorum, selecta quaedam 
capita. 4to. Hamburgi, 1740. 

Cap. VI. Initia typographiae Kiliensis. Cap. VIII. Typographia domestica 
et typi privatorum. 

3994. Laire, Francisci Xaver. Specimen historicum typographiae ro- 
manae XV. saeculi. 4to. Romae, 1778. 

3995. Leichius, J. H. De origine et incrementis typographiae Lip- 
siensis liber singularis, ubi varia de litterariis urbis studiis et viris 
doctis, qui in ea claruerunt, inseruntur. 4to. Lipsiae, 1 740. 

A curious and instructive work. 

3996. Lighten berger, Io. Frid. Initia typographica. 4to. Argento- 
rati, 181 1. 



Cla00 g|.— BOO60 vtlatin^ to prlntfnff* 399 

Zenf by William Blades^ Esq. 

3997. Maittaire, Mich. A.M. Annales Typographici ab anno M.D. 
ad annum MD.XXXVI. continuati Opera, 4to. Hagae, 1722. 

3998. Mallinkrot, Bernard. De ortu ac progressu artis Typographicae 
dissertatio historica, a Bernardo a MaJlinkrot 4to. Coloniae 
Aggrippinae, 1640. 

3999. Meermannus, G. Conspectus originum typographicarum. 8vo. 
[Hagae Comitis], 1761. 

4000. Meerman, Gerard. Origines Typographicae. 2 vols. 4to. 
Hagae, 1765. 

Portraits of Meerman and Coster. 

4001. Paulus, Pater. De Germaniae Miraculo Optimo, Maximo Typis 
literarum earumque differentiis, dissertatio qua simul Artis Typo- 
graphicae universam rationem explicat. Lipsiae, 17 10. 

4002. Reif, a. De originibus typographicis programma Academicum. 
I. -IV. quo prselectiones suas denvo auspicatur. 4to. Ingolstadii, 
1785. 

4003. RoTH-ScHOLTZ, Frid. Icones bibliopolanim et typographorum 
de republica litteraria bene meritorum ab incunabuUs typographiae 
ad nostra usque tempora, Norimbergae et Altdorfii, 1726-29. 

4004. ScHELTEMA, Pctrus. Diatribe in Hadriani Junii vitam, ingenium, 
familiam. merita literaria. Svo. Amstelodami, 1836. 

4005. ScHCEPFLiN, Jo. D. Vindiciae Typographical. 4to. Argentorati, 
1760. 

Few works have been more quoted by the controversialists on both sides 
than this. 

4006. Schwartz, C. G. Primaria quaedam documenta de origine Typo- 
graphiae. 4to. Altorfii, 1740. 

4007. Seiz, J. C. Annus tertius saecularis inventae artis typographicae, 
sive brevis historica Enarratio de inventione nobilissimae artis 
typographicae, &c, Svo. Harlemi, Urbe nobilissimae artis typo- 
graphicae inventrice [1743]. 

Translated from the original Dutch, published in 1740. 

4008. TvpoGRAPHiA. Q. B. V. De initiis Typographiae physiologicis. 
4to. Rintelii, 1740. 

4009. Ungerus, Christianus Theophilus. De Aldi Pii Manutii vita 
meritisque in rem literatam . . . cura Samuelis Lutheri Geret 
4to. Vitembergae, 1753. 



400 Ca;ctott Celebratfon* 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq, 

4010. Wolff, J. C. Monumenta typographica, quae artis hujus prae- 
stantissimae originem, laudem, et abusum posteris produnt, instau- 
rata. 2 vols. 8vo. Hamburg, 1740. 

A most interesting collection of essays and poetry on the art of printing, 
drawn from all quarters. 



VARIOUS LANGUAGES. 

401 1. Caballero, R. D. Breve examen acerca de los primeros 
tiempos del arte tipografico en Espana. 8vo. Madrid, 1866. 

4012. FoRSOK till Historia om Sveriges Boktryckerier. 8vo. Stock- 
holm, 1 87 1. 

4013. JoNSSON, Jon. Sogudgrip um, Prentsmidjur og Prentara a Islan- 
di. 8vo. Reykjavik, 1867. 

This is the only work in Icelandic on printing, and is confined entirely to 
the introduction of the art to that island. Chapter I. narrates the establish- 
ment of the first press at Holum by its bishop, John Areson, who appointed 
John Mattiason as manager, the first book issued being a Breviary, dated 1534. 

4014. Lengren, C. Kort Berattelse ow Bok-Trycke-riets Begynnelse 
och Fortgang, i gemen och Afwen uti Swerige, da ahr efter 
Christi bord, mdccxl. des tredje Jubilaeum uti Europa firades. 
4to. Stockholm, 1740. 

It gives a list of printers in Sweden from the earliest period up to 1740. 



4015. Mendez, F. Tipografia Espaiiola, o Historia de la introduccion, 
propagacion y progresos del Arte de la Imprenta en Espana. Se- 
gunda edicion corregida y adicionada por Don Dionisio Hidalgo. 
8vo. Madrid, 1861. 

4016. Mendez, Francisco. Typographia Espanola, o Historia de 
la introduccion, propagacion y progresos del Arte de la Imprenta 
en Espana. Tomo I. 4to. Madrid, 1796. 

No more published. 

4017. Printers, Swedish, Biographical Notices of. Folio sheet 
Stockholm : Norstedt & Soner, 1873. 

4018. PyKOBO/J,CTBO /^Jlfl THnorPA^DIUHKOBt. 8vo. St. Peters- 
burgh, 1874. 

Entirely devoted to explaining the practice of typography in all its parts. 

4019. SoHM, Peter. Musaeum Typographicum Sohmianum, eller For- 
teckning pa de Bocker och Skrifter ow Boktryckeri-Konsten och 
dess Historia, Jemte Portraiter, &c. 8vo. Stockholm, 1815. 



€U0$i 3.— ©oofe0 relating to ^vintinQ. 401 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

4020. Ursin, Georg. Pr. Bogtrykkerkunstens Opfindelse og Udvikling 
i 400 Aar. En Festgave til dens fjerde Jubilaeum. 8vo. Kjben- 
havn, 1840. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed, F.S.A. 

4021. Typographical Antiquities, or an historical account of the origin 
and progress of Printing in Great Britain and Ireland. Begun by 
the late Joseph Ames, F.R. and A.S.S., considerably augmented 
by William Herbert. 4to. 3 volumes. London, 1785. 

4022. The History and Art of Printing, by P. Luckombe, M.T.A. 
8vo. London, 1771. 

4023. The Printer's Grammar, or Introduction to the Art of Printing, 
containing a concise history of the Art with the improvements 
in the practice of Printing for the last 50 years. By C. Stower, 
printer. 4to. London, 1808. 

Zenf by Herr Theod. Goebel. 

4024. Meyer, Johann Heinrich. Journal fiir Buchdruckerkunst, 
Schriftgiesserei und die verwandten Facher. 4to. Braun- 
schweig. I vol., 1834-5-6. Also I vol., 1876. 

The first and last volumes of the oldest existing serial devoted to Printing 
and the associated Arts. 

Lent by James Fenton, Esq. 

4025. Typographia, an historical sketch of the Origin and Progress of 
the Art of Printing. By T. C. Hansard. 8vo. London, 1825. 
2 vols. 

Lent by Mr. Jos. M. Powell. 

4026. The Printer's Register bound from the commencement, 1863 to 
1877. 4to. 

Lent by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 

4027. The Paper and Printing Trades' Journal (complete set). 

Lent by the London Society of Compositors. 

4028. Working Man. The Working Man's way in the World, being 
the Autobiography of a Journeyman Printer. 8vo. London. 
n.d 

4029. Printer, The. London. 8vo. n. d. 

Practical. 

4030. Printer, The. A Serial. Nos. i to 18, November, 1843 to May 
1845. London. 4to. 

D D 



402 Ca;cton Celebtatlon* 

Lent by the London Society of Compositors. 

4031. Crapelet, G. a. Etudes pratiques et litt^raires sur la Typo- 
graphic. 8vo. Paris, 1837. 

4032. FouRNiER, le Jeune. Dissertation sur I'Origine et les Progrbs de 
Tart de graver en bois. 8vo. Paris, 1758. 

4033. Ames, Jos. Typographical Antiquities, enlarged by William 
Herbert. 3 vols. 4to. London, 1786. 

Lent by F. Leypoldt^ Esq. 

4034. The Publishers' Price-List Annual. 1876. 

4035. The Publishers' Weekly. Vol. 10. 

4036. The Publishers' Weekly. Christmas and Exhibition Numbers. 

4037. The American Library Journal. Vol. i. Parts i to 9. 



TRADE SERIALS ISSUED BY AND FOR THE USE 
OF PRINTERS. 

4038. 

|HE Printers' Register. Established 1840. Vols, for 1840 and 
1877. Lent by A. Powell y Esq. 

4039. The Printing Times and Lithographer. 1876. 

L^nt by Wyman and Sons. 

4040. L'Imprimerie. Paris. Vol. for 1876. Lent by E. Charavay^ Esq. 

4041. La Typologie-Tucker. Vol. for 1876. Lent by H. J. Tucker^ Esq. 

4042. Annales de I'lmprimerie. Brussels, 1876. 

Lent by F. Callewaert^ Esq. 

4043. Journal fiir Buchdruckerkunst. Established 1834. Brunswick. 
Vols, for 1834 and 1876. Lent by Theod. Goebelj Esq. 

4044. Annalen der Typographie. Leipsig, 1876. 

Lent by C. B. Lorck, Esq. 

4045. The Quadrat. Pittsburgh, U.S., 1876. Lent by F. Martheus, Esq. 

4046. Printing Gazette. Cleveland, 1876. 

4047. The Proof Sheet 1876. 

4048. Printers' Circular. Philadelphia, 1876. 





Class K. 
CURIOSITIES AND MISCELLANIES. 

LIST OF MEDALS CONNECTED WITH PRINTERS AND 
THE ART OF PRINTING. 

Le7it by W. Blades^ Esq. 

The Collection, a large portion of which is here exhibited, may almost claim as its 
title ** The Medallic History of Printing ;" for here are represented great and learned 
Printers of all ages and many countries : Gutenburg, Faust, and Schoeffer of Germany ; 
Aldus and Bodoni of Italy ; Martens and Froben of Belgium ; the Estiennes and 
Didots of France ; and many others. Here, too, are the commemorative Medals 
which were struck in many cities of Germany, Plolland and France, when in 1740, in 
1825, in 1837, and in 1840, the larger part of Europe held a Jubilee in honour of the 
First Printers. Early Printing-guilds are also represented, and, lastly, medals of 
notable men who, as amateurs or otherwise, have at some time been Printers. 



GERMANY. 

4058. 

OHN GUTENBERG, the Inventor of Printing. A Plaque. 

Bom at Mayence, c. 1390; migrated to Strasbourg, 1420 ; matured 

his plans for printing from separate moveable types and issued the 

first printed book with a date, The Mayerue Psalter^ in 1457. Died 

neglected in 1468. 

4059. Sigismund Feierabend, />v7/i^r/, 1585. "^tat. 57." Rev. An 
Allegorical Device, with unknown engraver's Monogram, "VM." 
or " VN." 

Bom 1528; died 1585. Pious and patriotic as a citizen; learned and 
accurate as a printer. 




404 Ca;cton Celebration^ 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 
JUBILEE OF 1740. 

4060. GoTHA. Aurora in her Chariot, as symbolical of the dawning 
light of the Press. Rev. Inscription. Christian Vermuth sc. 

4061. Leipsig. Gutenberg and Faust face to face. Rev. A Printing- 
press, &c. "Ars victura dum litteris praetium manebit." Das- 
sier sc. 

4062. Nuremberg. Arms of the City and of the Curators. Rev. In- 
scription. Numberger sc. 

The reverse of this curious medal states that it was struck for the eight 
printers then established in the city. Hence it is known as "The Eight 
Printers' Medal." 

4063. Nuremberg. A Printing-press, above which flies Fame, blowing 
her Trumpet over the World. Rev. Inscription. Vestner sc. 

4064. Nuremberg. Germany receiving from heaven the Printers* 
Charter. Rev. Inscription. 

4065. Nuremberg. Germany crowned by Wisdom ; on one side is a 
Printing-press. Rev. An Altar, upon which lies the first printed 
Bible. Vestner sc. 

4066. Ratisbon. The Arms of the City illuminated from heaven. A 
Press and Compositor's frame. Rev. Inscription. 

4067. Breslau. Busts of Gutenberg and Faust. Rev. Inscription. 

4068. Leipsig. Typographia and " Spes O fidissima Musis." A Muse 
holding out a MS., while a Winged Genius shows her a Printed 
Book. Koch sc. 

4069. Erasmus. "Er: Ro : Imago, ad. viva, effigie. expressa. 1.5.3.1. 
Rev. Bust of the God Terminus. ** Concedo Nulli." 

4070. Bronner, Johann Carl, Frankfort, 1793. Allemand sc. 

An eminent printer, bom 1738; died 181 3. His Life is published in two 
^ vols. 8vo. This medal was struck in his honour by the Lodge of Freemasons 

to which he belonged. 

4071. Grass and Barth, Breslau, 1804. 

Private and very rare ; struck by the firm to commemorate the 300th anni- 
versary of their printing-office, established in 1504. 



Cla53(0 H.— Curiosities anli ^Miscellanies* 405 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 
PRINTERS' FESTIVAL, 1837. 

4072. Augsburg, 1837. The Thorwaldsen Statue of Gutenberg erected 
at Mayence. Rev. Inscription. Neuss sc. 

4073. Mayence, 1837. Bust of Gutenberg. Rev. The Thorwaldsen 
Statue. 

4074. Mayence, 1837. The Thorwaldsen Statue. Rev. Gutenberg 
explaining to Schceffer his grand discovery of Moveable Types. 
Lorenz sc. 

Nos. 12, 13, and 14 are in memory of the erection at Mayence of a noble 
statue of Gutenberg, designed and modelled by the celebrated sculptor Thor- 
waldsen. 

JUBILEE OF 1840. 

4075. Augsburg. The Thorwaldsen Statue. Rev. " Arte su^ litteras 
auxit." Neuss sc. 

4076. Cologne. Bust of Gutenberg. Rev. Arms of Mayence, Cologne, 
and Strasburg on the reverse. On the ribband, "Und es war 
licht." Kramer sc. 

4077. Stuttgart. Bust of Gutenberg. ^^.Inscription. Heindelsc. 

4078. Frankfurt. The Memorial to Gutenberg, Fust, and Schceffer, 
erected in the City, 1840. Rev. Inscription. Wilhelm sc. 

4079. Berlin. Bust Rev. Gutenberg sitting before a Printing-press 
examining his First Proof. Konig sc. 

4080. Berlin. Bust of Gutenberg. Rev. Printers' Arms, and Legend. 
Kriiger sc. 

4081. Wolfenbuttel. Upon an Altar a Flame. " Aliis inserviendo 
consumor." Rev. View of the Wolfenbuttel Library. " Amicis 
C. Schonemann." 

Private medal, struck by the librarian for his friends. 

4082. Mayence. Bust Rev. Mayence crowning Gutenberg, near to 
whom is a Press. Erhardt sc. 

4083. Mayence. Bust Rev. Gutenberg in his Printing-office reading 
Proof. Loos D. Konig sc. 

4084. Bamberg. A Printing-press. Rev. The City of Bamberg. 



4o6 Cajcton Celebration. 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

4085. Leipzig. A Printing-press on a Cloud, beneath which is the City 
of Mayence. Wartig sc. 

4086. Basle. Bust of Frobenius. Rev. Inscription. Bovy sc 

Froben is a celebrated name in t)T)ographical annals. He was a great friend 
of Erasmus. 

4087. Medal to commemorate the Freedom of the Press, and the 
Bavarian Constitution, 1848. Dreutwett sc. 

A curious instance of the danger of being too sure of the future. 

4088. Festival in Germany, 1834, to commemorate the first printed 
German Bible in 1534. 

4089. Leipzig. To commemorate the Gutenberg Festival, 1840. 

4090. Hesse. Freedom of the Press, 1848. 

4091. VoLKHARDT, Albert. Printer at Augsburg, 1804-63. 

4092. Spork, Count, 1726. Established a Press for printing instructive 
works at Lissa in Poland. 

4093. Waldstein, Baron de. Bust of. Rtv. His Arms. 

FRANCE. 

4094. Strasbourg, 1840. Bust of Gutenberg. ^^. A rude Press. "Et 
la lumi^re fut." Emmerick sc. 

4095. Strasbourg, 1840. Jubilee Medal. The Statue erected by David 
d' Angers. 

4096. Paris, 1848. The National Printing-office. Paris personified 
seated upon a Throne. By her side a Stanhope Press. Rev. 
Imprimerie Nationale. Faroclion sc 

4097. Paris, 1843. The Imperial Printing-office. Bust of Napoleon HL 
Rev. Imprimerie Imp^riale. Barre sc 

4098. Lyons, 1840. Guild Medal. Science surrounded by Books, &c 
" Bibliopolae et Typographi Lugdun." Rev. Arms of the City of 
Lyons and of the Guild. 

4099. Paris, 185-. Henri Estienne. Bust. Rev. Allegorical. Fauginet sc. 

4100. Commemorative Medal, 1830. The Newspaper Press personi- 
fied, with her foot on the Globe. Beneath is " Libert^ de la 
Presse." Rev. The names of the Editors and Writers connected 
with the Parisian Press who were successful in opposing the 
oppressive restrictions of July 25, 1830. Caqu^ sc 



Cla00 lk.—€nvio$iitit0 and 9^i0tt\lanM. 407 

Zen^ by William Blades^ Esq. 

4101. Gutenberg, John, 1818. Bust. Rev. Inscription. Gayrard sc. 

[Series Numismatica Virorum illustrium.] 

4102. The Didot Family, 1823. Bust of "Pierre Didot Tain^, Typo- 
graphe Fran9ais." Rev. Printing-press as improved by Jules 
Didot Veyrat sc 

For many years the Didot family have held the highest position in France as 
learned printers. 

The obverse of this medal is used again for 69 and 70. 

4103. The Didot Family, 1827. Rev. "Nouveaux signes de ponctuation 
employes chez J. Didot Tain^." 

4104. The Didot Family, 1830. Two animals representing the letters 
J. D. (Jules Didot), imitated from initials engraved for a splendid 
edition of La Fontaine's Fables. Veyrat and Susemiel sc. 

4105. Didot, Firmin, 1857. Bust of. Rev. "Stephanorum ^mulus, 
Musarum Cultor." Girodet del. ; Barre sc. 

4106. Chateaubriand, F. A. Vicomte de. Bust of. Rev. "Liberte de 
la Presse, 1833." Caqud sc. 

Born 1768 ; died 1848. Struck in memory of the celebrated press prosecu- 
tion in 1832. 

4107. Pancoucke, C. L. F., 1820. Victory galloping in her chariot 
over all Europe. 

Struck to commemorate the beautiful edition of Les Victoires et ConqttHes des 
Fran(atSf printed by Pancoucke. 

4108. Guild Medal, /izm, 1847. An open Volume in the rays of the 
Sun. "Ex utroque Lux." Rev. Arms of the Booksellers and 
Printers of Paris. 

4109. Danel, Leonard, Lille. "A Mr. Leonard Danel le personnel de 
son Imprimerie, 6 Novembre, 1863." 

4x10. Cormenin de la Haie, L. M., Vicomte, 1840. Bust. Rev. A 
Printing-press without any legend. Rogat sc. 

Cormenin is celebrated as the author of numerous political pamphlets against 
the Government of Louis Philippe. His ncm dt plunu was "Timon." 

411 1. Cormenin de la Haie, L. M., Vicomte, with profile to the lefl, 
and with an allegorical reverse. igS^. Rogat sc 

41 12. Pancoucke, C. L. F. 1820. Barre sc 

A magnificent medal to commemorate the printing by Pancoucke oiLaDeS' 
cription d4 PEgypte. 



4o8 €axton Celebration. 

i>«/ dy William Blades, Esq. 

41 13. Pancoucke, C. L. F. 1836. Barre sc. 

A beautiful medal in commemoration of the printing of Traduction des 
AtUeurs Latims. 

41 14. Gutenberg, Head of, as No. 62. Rev. " Socidtd pour la defense 
de la Propriety litt^raire." Emmerick sc. 

41 15. Beranger, Pierre Jean. Bust of. Montagny sc 

41 16. Beranger, Pierre Jean. Bust of. 1857. David et Bauchery sc. 

41 17. Beranger, Pierre Jean. Bust of. 1857. Franky Magniadas sc. 

The poet Beranger passed a portion of his youth in a printing-office. To a 
young and aspiring compositor who sent him a poetical effort, b^jging his 
opinion, he thus wrote (22nd Dec. 1849), *' I have no desire to discourage you 
in the double profession upon which you have entered, but I fear that to be a 
versifier is incompatible with success as a printer. I can only say that, per- 
sonally, I have often repented having dropped the composing-stick for the 
pen." 

41 18. Chateaubriand, F. A. Vicomte de. Bust. Rev. Inscription com- 
memorative of the Printing of his complete works. Bovy sc. 

41 19. Desessartz, John, Cardinal, Line. Fac. Med. P. Paris, 17 7-. 
Duviv sc. 

Established a printing-press in his private house, at which he often employed 
his leisure. 

4120. Brune, G. M. a., Marshal of France. Anno IX. (1800-1801.) 
Salvirch sc. 

One of Napoleon's best generals. Upon the Emperor's return from Elba 
he was appointed Commander of the Army of the Var. Assassinated by the 
mob at Avignon, after the Battle of Waterloo. 

Marshal Brune amused his leisure by composing and printing, for which 
purpose he established a small but complete printing-office in his own house, 
Rue de la Harpe, Paris. 

41 2 1. GiRARDiN, Emile de, Paris. Bust of. Borrel sc. 

In 1 83 1 he undertook, together with M. Casimir Perier, to reform the news- 
paper press of Paris and reduce its price. In 1835 he started the Panthion, 
m 100 vols., at one franc each, and in 1836 The Press, a daily paper. The 
whole newspaper press opposed him, and he had to fight four duels. He de- 
fended strongly the liberty of the press in 1832. 

4122. DupoNT, Paul. Medal of the Benefit Club connected with his 
Printing-office. 

4123. DuPONT, Paul. Busts of Gutenberg and Senefelder. ^^. Mono- 
gram P. D. 

4124 Lange, Ldvy & Cie., Printers, Paris. An octagon medal, "Mem- 
bres du Conseil." 



Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

4125. Chaix et Cie., Printers, Paris. Apprentices' Medal. 

4126. Paris. Association des Imprimeurs de Paris. 

ITALY. 

4127. Aldus Pius Manutius, Venice, c. 1500. Bust of. Rev. an Anchor 
and Dolphin. Francesca da Bologna sc. (?) 

Bom 1449 ; died 1514 Aldus is deservedly famous for being the first to 
issue in a correct form, through the medium of the Press, the works of the old 
Hebrew, Greek, and Latin authors. His beautiful device of the Dolphin and 
Anchor, so well known in the annals of typc^aphy, was borrowed from the 
reverse of a denarius of the Roman Emperor Titus, as he himself tells us. 

Mr. Panizzi has shown that the types of Aldus were cut by Francesca da 
Bologna, the celebrated painter, better known as ** II Francia." It is not 
improbable that this medal is also from his hands. 

4128. BoDONi, J. ^., Parma, 1800. Bust. Rev. Inscription: — " Civi 
Optimo decurioni solertiss. artis typographicae coryphaeo eruditiss. 
ex XII. virum Parm. decreto." 

Bom 1470 ; died 1813. Was a Compositor at the Propaganda Press, Rome. 
Appointed chief of the Ducal Printing-office at Parma in 1768, whence he 
issued editions of the Classics which made him famous throughout all Europe. 

4129. BoDONi, J. B., 1802. Bust Rev. Inscription: — "Inter Typo- 
graphos Cultor et Artifex venustatis elegantissimus." 

4130. BoDONi. The inauguration of the Statue to Bodoni. Saluzzo, 
1872. 

41 31. Castaldi, Panfilo, Milan, 1868. Bust, surrounded by printing 
implements. Calvi sc, 

Castaldi has been put forward of late years by Italians, and Italians only, 
as the real inventor of Printing. They assert that Castaldi revealed his dis- 
covery to Gutenberg, who appropriated it. A statue has been erected to the 
Italian "Claimant at Feltre. 

4132. Milan, 1867. Society Medal oi K\ Pio Instituto Tipografico. 

4133. Feltre, 1868. Commetnorative Medal of the Primo Congresso 
Tipografico. Calvi sc. 

4134. ViESSEUX d'Oneglia, G. p. Rev. "Per quarant' anni benemerito 
della Civiltk Italiana compieva I'ottantesimo della vita k 29 Set- 
tembre, 1859." Ferraris sc. 

This beautiful medal was struck to commemorate the 80th birthday of this 
respected Printer of Florence. 



410 Cajcton Celebration. 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

4135. PoMBA, J., Turin^ 1837. Gaetazzi sc. 

Struck by the Chev. Pomba, the celebrated Printer of Turin, in remem- 
brance of the successful conclusion of his great publication of the Latin 
and Italian Classics. The bust of the editor, Signor Bucherino, is on the 
obverse. 

4136. Bologna, 1869. Commemorative Medal. A Printing Machine, 
upon which the Sun is shining; upon the rays are the names 
" Gutenberg — Castaldi." Rev. Arms of Bologna. Calvi sc. 

Struck for the second Typographical Congress and Exhibition of Fine 
Printing. 

DENMARK. 

4137. Brahe, Tycho, Uranienbourg. Bust. Rev. Arms, and the year 

1595- 

This celebrated Astronomer established a printing-office at Uranienberg, 
upon the Island of Hveen, which had been given to him by Frederick II., 
King of Denmark, for the erection of an Observatory. Here he printed his 
observations. His friend and assistant, Willem Blaeu, was the first to make 
improvements upon the old wooden presses. 

4138. Brahe, Tycho. Bust and Rev. Inscription. 

HOLLAND. 
Guild Medals. 

4139. Amsterdam. Guild of St Luke. Obv. A Bull, the emblem of 
St Luke, supporting the Arms of the Guild. Rev. Ornamental 
design for reception of member's name. 

Before the invention of Printing the Guilds of St. Luke embraced all the 
trades directly concerned with the manufacture of manuscripts. It was natural 
that Printers at first should also belong to them. Thus Thierry Martens was 
of St. Luke's Guild, Antwerp, as well as Gerard Leeu and Godfrey Back, all 
well known Typographers. In later years Printers formed Guilds of their 
own under the protection of St. John. 

4140. Amsterdam. Printer^ and Bookbinders^ Guilds c. 1639. A 
Printing-press, with the Master^s name, "Johannes Wilmerdonk." 
Rev. Binders' tools. 

4141. Middlebourg. Bookbinders!' and Printers' Guild, 16^1. " Zach- 
arias Roman, Deken." Also a mortuary medal. 

4142. Middlebourg. Boekvenopers en Druckers Gilt. Nine medals, 
dating from 165 1 to 1734. 



Cla00 S.— Curio0(tletf anti 9?l0cellanie0* 41 1 

Z^»/ ^^y William Blades^ Esq. 

4143. Haarlem. yir/^« de presence, c. 1640. Typography resting her 
arm upon a Printing-press. y?^z/. The Ship of Damietta, " Vicit 
vim Virtus." 

4144. Haarlem, c. 1660. A Figure representing Haarlem holding in 
her hand the Ship of Damiette, and standing before a Printing- 
press. " Dam : capt : Typ : inv : Urb : defen :" (Damietta cap- 
tured, Typography invented, an4 the City defended). 

4145. Haarlem. Representation of the bronze Statue of Coster, 
erected in the Market-place, 1856. " De Orbe meruit, Patria 
posuit" Rev. The Sun dispersing the Clouds. 

The reverse refers to the increased favour with which the claims of Coster 
were then being received. 

4146. Coster, Laurence, Haarlem. The Statue of Coster on one 
side; on the other, a Statue of Junius the Historian. Van 
Noorde sc. 

John Enschede, Type-founder at Haarlem, placed in his courtyard two 
statues, one of Coster and one of Junius, both from the chisel of Van Noorde. 
From these statues this medal was engraved in 1 768. 

4147. Haarlem. Bust of Coster, with a Printing-press. "Alter Cad- 
mus." Rev. Arms of Haarlem, " Hinctotum sparguntur in orbem 
litterae." 1740. Van Swindern sc. 

4148. Haarlem. Bust of Coster. Rev. Typographia holding as a 
garland the Arms of the Jubilee Committee. 1740. Van 
Swindern sc. 

4149. Haarlem. Bust of Coster. Rev. Inscription on the invention 
of Printing. 1740. Holtzhey sc 

4150. Haarlem. Bust of Coster. Rev. A boldly engraved Printing- 
press. 1740. Marshoorn so. 

415 1. Haarlem. A personification of Haarlem sitting on a throne. 
One of the Cupids is holding the first book printed by Coster. 
Rev. Coster in the Haarlem Wood holding up the letter A. 
" Typographia hie primum inventa." 1 740. Holtzhey sc 

4152. Haarlem. Science — a Printing-press, Books, &c. ** Laus Urbi 
Lux Orbi." Rev. Inscription. 1823. Braemt sc 

4153. Haarlem. Showing the Monument erected in the Haarlem 
Wood in 1823 to the memory of Coster. De Vries sc 



412 Cajcton Celebcatton. 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 
BELGIUM. 

4154. Martens, Thierry, Alost. Bust of Martens. Alex. Geefs sc. 
Rev. The Monument erected at Alost in 1856. John Geefs sc. 

Thierry Martens, long believed to be the first, was certainly the second and 
most celebrated printer in Belgium. 

4155. MoNTANUS, B. Arias, Antwerp^ 1569. Bust of. ^tat. 43. 
Rev. Archimedes crying out Ev^wa. 

Montanus, the friend and correspondent of the most learned men of his 
time, was Press-reader to the celebrated printer, Christopher Plantin, of 
Antwerp. 

4156. Wahlen, Auguste, Brussels. To commemorate the publication 
of " Moeurs et costumes de tous les Peuples." 

4157. Brussels, 1854. Memorial Medal. Typography standing mourn- 
fully with her right arm upon an idle Press. Rev. A list of Names 
of Committee-men. 

Struck by the United Printers of Brussels in acknowledgment of the services 
of the Committee appointed to treat upon the question of Copy-right. 



ENGLISH AND AMERICAN. 

4158. Medallet of Eaton the Demagogue. "Frangas non flectes." 1795. 
" Printer to the Majesty of the People." 

4159. Tokens of W. Gye, Printer of Bath. 1794. 

4160. Tokens of Denton, Printer in Mead's Row, Lambeth. 

One of these represents the gateway at Lambeth Palace. 

41 6 1. A Token of the Franklin Press issued from Watts's Printing 
Office, London. 

4162. Franklin, Benjamin, 1836. " Eripuit coelo fulmen, Sceptrumque 
Tyrannis." Dupre sc. 

Printer, Philosopher, Statesman. Bom 1704; died 1790. Worked as a 
pressman at Watts s Printing-office, Wild Court, Strand. 

4163. Franklin and Mentyon. Barre sc. 

4164. Franklin, ^ Benjamin. "Fulminis Tyrannidisque Domitor." 
Lageman fecit. 

4165. Franklin, Benjamin. "Penny saved is a penny gained" E. 
Sigel sc 

4166. Franklin, Benjamin. Godel f. 



I^nt by William Blades, Esq, 
MISCELLANEOUS. 

4167. Richelieu, Armandus Joannes, Cardinalis de. " Tandem Victor 
Sequor." 1650. Large medal. 

Cardinal Richelieu instituted a Society of Booksellers and Printers in 1633, 
under whose auspices were issued beautiful service-books, which soon became 
sought for through all Christendom. In 1640 the Cardinal, after having 
established the Royal Printing-office at the Louvre, erected another at his own 
chateau, where he printed several works which are now highly prized. He 
was bom at Paris, 1588, and died 1642. 

4168. Richelieu, Armanus, Joan., Card. de. Large oval medal. 

4169. Richelieu, A. J., Card. de. "Mens sidera volvit" 1631. L 
Warin sc. 

4170. Richelieu, Armand. lo. Car. Dux de. "Quoqunque Voles." 
1639. 

41 71. Richelieu, Card. de. " Intelligit super Egenum." 1635. 

4172. Richelieu, Card. de. "Hoc duce tuta." 1636. 

4173. DuRER, Albert, Nuremberg. Head, with the AD Monogram and 
15 14. A Plaque. Durer sc. 

Bom 147 1 ; died 1528. The fame of Albert Durer as an artist has so com- 
pletely eclipsed all his other claims upon our admiration, that even biblio- 
graphers have overlooked the fact of his having been a letterpress printer. 

4174. Fourteen varieties of Medals struck in honour of Durer. 

4175. Durer, Agnes. A Plaque with Monogram AD, 1508. 

Upon the death of her husband in 1528, the widow continued the business 
for some years. The imprint to her books was *' In sedib. viduae Durianae." 



4176. Ancient Printers' Devices and Trade-Marks, collected in 5 4to. 
volumes as follows : — 

Vol. I. England. 

Vol. 2. France. 

Vol. 3. Germany and Switzerland. 

Vol. 4. Holland and Belgium. 

Vol. 5. Italy and Spain. 

Lent by R Hendnks, Esq., F.S.S. 

4177. Printers' Marks. Copy of Fr. Rothscholtz's Insignia Bibliopo- 
larum et Typographorum. Folio. Nuremberg, 1830. 

Lent by F. Hendriks, Esq., F.S.S. 



414 Caxton Celebratiom 

4178. Printers' Marks: — Balaux ; Baligault ; Boulle ; Birchmann, 
mth lion and griffin ; Behem ; Curio, two ; Chevallon, two ; 
Crate, Trinity ; Comin de Trine ; Colinaeus, two ; Episcopius, 
two ; Fradin ; Froschover, seven ; Gesner ; Galliot du Prd, two ; 
Giunta, with lions ; Guillaume Eustace ; Hornbien ; Huquetau ; 
Griininger ; Kerver ; Lenoir ; Marechal ; M. Martin Morin ; 
Parcus ; Plato de Benedictis ; Petit, four ; Roy and Pernot ; 
Ravanus ; Rembolt, three ; Symon Vincent ; Schott, two ; Stephen 
Bariquaud ; Schuman ; Vuolrab ; Vincent Portonariis ; Ziletti, 
two. 

I^nt by John Coode Hoere, Esq. 

4179. Printers' Marks. J. Schoffer, Mentz, 1540; F. Behem, Mentz, 
1541 ; V. Schuman, Leipzig, 15 16; Valentin Curio (?), two; 
Melchior Noverian, Cologne, 1543; A. Birchmann, Cologne, 
1539- 

4180. Printers' Marks. J. Schott, Strasburg, two, 1502; Griininger, 
Strasburg, 152 1 ; Mylius, Strasburg, 1540; Cuoblouchus, Stras- 
burg, 1524; Wuolf. Cephal, Strasburg, 1525 ; Babellius Cephal ; 
Froschover, Zurich, three, 153 1, 1557, 1529; Gesner, Zurich. 

4181. Printers' Marks. Oporinus, two, 1554; Parcus, 1548; Cratander, 
three, 1526, 1532, 1523; Froben ; Guarinus, 1575; Episcopius, 
two, 1555. 

4182. Printers' Marks. Plantin, Antwerp; Plantin, Antwerp, 
1566 ; Nutius, Antwerp, two, 1576, 1581; Santandrianus (?), 
1577; Binneman, London, 1574; Cambridge University. 

4183. Printers' Marks. Morin, Rouen, 1497 ; G. Eustace, Paris, 1509 ; 
L. Hornbien, Paris, 1512 ; G. Colinaeus, Paris, 1528; Requault, 
Paris, 1506 ; Lenoir (?) ; Petit, Paris, 1502 ; Petit, Paris ; Rem- 
boldt, Paris; Galliot du Pre, Paris, 1532. 

4184. Printers' Marks. Guillard-Chevallon, 1551 ; Baliqualt ; 
Chevallon, 1526 ; Badius; Joland Bonhomme, 1547; J. Macaeus, 
1577 ; Kerver, 1547 ; O. Petit, 1545. 

4185. Printers' Marks. Huquetau; Boulle, 1537; Vincent de Por- 
tonariis, 1540; Symon Vincent; Symon Vincent, 1529; Constan- 
tin Fradin; E. Baland, 1520. 

4186. Printers' Marks. Stephen de Bariquaud, Lyons, 15 16; Roy and 
Pernot, Lyons, 1554; Giunta, Lyons; Mareschal, Lyons; Forli, 
Venice, 155 1; Comin de Trine, Venice, 1547 ; Giolito, Venice, 
two, 1548, 1559; Ziletti, Venice, 1560; Ravanus, Venice, 1552 ; 
L. Giunta, Venice; Vincent, Venice, 1558. 



ClajJ0 ll.— Cun'ojaiitu0 and 9^f0ceUan(e0* 415 

4187. Printers' Marks. Plato de Benedictis, Bologna, 1493 ; Tolomeo 
Janiculo, Vicenza, 1529; Aldus, Venice; Aldus, Venice, 1526; 
Percachinus, Padua, 1562 ; L. Rodwiccus, Lisbon (?). 

4188. Titles. St. Augustin, title back, Basle, 1505 ; Bible, Basle, 1569 ; 
De Disciplinis, Cologne, 1536; Luther, Captiv. Baby. 1524 {?); 
Haymon. Epis., Cologne, 1539. 

4189. Titles. St. Bernard, Paris; Lyndewode Provincial, London, 
1525- 

4189*. Titles. St. Augustin, 1520; Catalogus Sanctorum, 1524 ; T. 
Aquinas; St. Jerome; T. Aquinas, 1540. 



4190. Chinese Xylographic Printing Instruments, as used from the loth 
century a.d. Lent by Thomas Jennery Esq. 

41 9 1. Chinese Types, wood and metal. Lent by Thomas Jenner, Esq, 

4192. Book of Buddhist Prayers, from the Emperor's Palace. 

Lent by Thomas J enner, Esq. 

4193. Chinese Sacred Scriptures : — 

1. Morrison's translation, Macao, 1813-22. 

2. Marshman's translation, Serampore, 1815-22. 

3. Gutzlaff's translation. 

4. Delgates' version. L^nt by TJiomas Jenner^ Esq. 

4194. Japanese Xylographic Book, containing facsimiles of the writing 
of celebrated authors. Lent by Thomas Jenner^ Esq. 

4195. Chinese Diagram. L^nt by Thomas Jenner, Esq. 

4196. Oratio Dominica in 155 languages. Folio. Rome, 1806. 

Published under the auspices of Napoleon I. 

L^nt by Thomas Jenner^ Esq. 

4197. Specimens of Printing in small type : — 

1. Homeri Ilias et Odyssea. Pickering, 1831. 

2. De Imitatione Christi. Paris, 1858. 

3. Bijou Almanack, 1838. Lent by Thomas Jenner, Esq. 

4198. Specimen of Small Type. Smoker's Text-Book, 1863. 

Lent by George Unwin^ Esq. 

4199. Specimen Sheets of Works in Native Characters and Languages 
printed for the Indian Market, without the intervention of type. 
The Gulistan. 

Qdida i urdu, ist edition. 
Qdida i urdu, 2nd edition. 



41 6 Cajcton Celebratiom 

Karfma. 

Copy Slips for Elementary Schools. 

Qurdn. The Koran. 

Muntakhab-i-bustan. 

Q'Aida Baghdad!. 

Gospel of St. Matthew in Urdu. 

Indian Vernacular Series, Nos. i and 2. 

Lent by Messrs. Spottiswoode and Co. 

4200. Case of Specimens of Books and Maps for the Blind. 
Exhibited by the British and Foreign Blind Association for Pro- 
moting the Education and Employment of the Blind. 

The importance of printing in raised characters for the blind may be easily 
understood when it is stated that about i in every i,ocx) of the population is 
sightless, giving a blind population of 30,000 for the United Kingdom, and 
probably about 200,000 for the British Empire. These people having one 
sense less than their seeing competitors, must receive as good an education as 
possible, in order, in some degree, to compensate for this loss, so that to the 
blind as to the seeing the printing press becomes the great agent of civilization 
and progress. 

Embossed printing for the blind was first introduced by M. Haiiy, of Paris, 
in 1784, and the character he adopted was the large italic or script character. 
This was afterwards changed to the ordinary printed character used by the 
seeing, but this also has l^en long since abandoned in France for the form 
here exhibited, which goes by the name of its blind inventor, M. Louis Braille, 
who introduced it into Paris in 1834. It has been gradually adopted in most 
parts of the civilized world, and is now used more or less in almost all British 
institutions. Its advantages consist mainly in the facility with which it can be 
written by the blind ; it is far more legible by touch than any form of the 
roman letter, and can either be written or printed in full or with any amount 
of short-hand contractions, suited to the wants and capacity of those for whom 
it is intended. The latest improvement in this form of printing has been the 
method of printing on both sides of the paper, by which space and legibility 
are gained. A specimen of the stereotype plates, which are entirely the work 
of the blind themselves, is exhibited, and specimens of embossed maps. 

4201. Typographic Specimen Sheets, i. The printers' address to the 
Queen (Caroline) and her Majesty's tribute to the press in answer. 
Printed by John Johnson, author of Typographia. 1820. 2. The 
Address of Congratulation from the letterpress printers of London 
to Queen Caroline, and her Majesty's second tribute to the press 
in answer. Printed by John Johnson, 1821. 3. Memorial of 
William Caxton, Wynken de Worde, Richard Pynson and their suc- 
cessors, executed in type and brass rule, containing over 60,000 
moveable pieces of metal and about 150 patterns of flowers. 
Printed by John Johnson, 1824. Lent by Andrew W. Tuer^ Esq. 

4202. Initial Letters, Head and Tail-Pieces, Ornaments, &c. A large 
collection, in one volume, arranged alphabetically. 

Lent by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 



Cla00 J^.—€nm0itiz0 anH 9^i0teUanltjaf* 417 

4203. Specimens of Typography. By W. Bennett (2), D. Chalmers and 
Co. (containing 25,000 pieces), G. Cornwall (2 : James S. Lawson, 
compositor, each containing upwards of 30,000 pieces), and W. 
Cruickshank, at G. Mackay's office (containing nearly 20,000 
pieces), all executed for the Aberdeen Mechanics' Institute Exhi- 
bition, 1840. Lent by J. Fenton^ Esq. 

4204. Specimen of Typography, View of the Free Church College, 
Edinburgh, by R. Ramsay, containing upwards of 1 2,000 pieces. 

Lent by J. Fenton^ Esq. 

4205. Specimen of Typography. Memorial of William Caxton. Edward 
Lewis, compositor. G. and J. Watson, printers, Tring. 

Lent by J. Fenton, Esq. 

4206. Specimen with 22,000 pieces by George Nichols, London. 

Lent by J. Fenton^ Esq. 

4207. Specimen with 4,500 pieces by Ebenezer Parkes, London, 1844. 

L^nt by J. Fenton^ Esq. 

4208. The Early Printers in the Netherlands, i. Monuments typo- 
graphiques des Pays-Bays au i5e si^le. Collection de facsimiles 
d'apres les originaux conserves k la Bibliothbque Royale de la 
Haye et ailleurs, par J. W. Holtrop, biblioth^caire en chef de la 
biblioth^que Royale de la Haye, 1868. 2. Annales de la Typo- 
graphic N^erlandaise au i5e siMe, par M. F. A. G. Campbell, 
biblioth^caire de la biblioth^que Royale de la Haye, 1874. 

L^nt by M. Martinus Nijhoff^ of the Hague. 

4209. America. The American Encyclopoedia of Printing. Edited by 
J. Luther Ringwalt. Lent by Messrs. J. B. Lippincott and Co. 

4210. Dublin. Williamson's Green Printing. 1764. 

Lent by Edward Solly, Esq., F.R.S. 

42 1 1. Paris. Livre rouge, 1790. Lent by Edward Solly, Esq., F.R.S. 

4212. Longman's Trade Catalogue, January ist, 1807, priced. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4213. Early Printing in two colours. Golz. Imagini di tutti Imperatori, 
&c. Antwerp, 1557. Lent by John Evans, Esq. , D.C.L., F. R. S. 

4214 Horn-book, temp. Car. L Found at Ashley Green, Bucks. 

Lent by A. Smith-Dorrien, Esq. 

E E 



41 8 Cajcton Celebration. 

4215. Horn-book, probably temp. Jac. i. 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., D.C.L., F.R.S. 

4216. Horn-book, temp. Chas. II. Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4217. Roman Stamp of Bronze, query for printing on pottery. 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., D.C.L., F.R.S. 

4218. Bank Notes, early and obsolete, mostly foreign. 

Lent by Mrs. John Evans. 

4219. Lottery Ticket, 1791. Tax Receipts, Hearth Money, &c. 9 
Specimens. Chap. Books Scotch, 3 specimens. Stirling, Edin- 
burgh, and Glasgow. Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4220. Heath, C, engraver. Note. November i, 1843. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4221. Bartlett, H., Highgate. Refers to plate of Jerusalem. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4222. Beggars. (Plates.) Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4223. Coronation Tickets. George IV. 182 1. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4224. Hill's, Rowland, Postage Cover. Two pence. (Mulready, R.A.) 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4225. Paris. Three Newspapers printed in Paris during the Commune, 
187 1 ; also one printed in Melbourne, for French people, during 
the Franco-German war. Lent by Messrs. Enoch and Sons. 

4226. Handbill. Fcap. folio. The first meeting of letterpress printers 
respecting the evil of machinery. Lent by G. A. Spottiswoode, Esq. 

4227. Proposals for discovering a great improvement which William 
Pine, printer, of Bristol, and Isaac Moore, letter-founder, London, 
have made in the Art of Printing, both in the construction of the 
press and in the manner of Beating and Pulling. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

4228. Advertisement. Post folio. Mr. Cunningham's (printer of 
Southampton) discovery of a substitute for Urine in making and 
preserving Printing Balls, adopted at a meeting of master-printers, 
December nth, 1801. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

4229. Pressmen's Bills (1735-1743), Printers* Charges and Trade Ac- 
counts (1749-50), Letters, Receipts, Bills, and an Indenture (1716- 
1753). ^^^ h Messrs. Smith and Ebbs. 



Cla00 1&*— Curio0ftiej2f and 9^i0tti\anit^. 419 

4230. Bowdler's Poems. 8vo. 1787. Lent by John W. Jarvis^ Esq. 

A remarkable specimen of book-edge ornamentation, with notes and parti- 
culars from Notes and Queries upon this book and kindred subjects. 

4231. Facsimile Almanack. Lent by IV. Douglas Hamilton^ Esq. 

4232. Pigeon Express Despatch for a newspaper. 

L^nt by J. Allen^ Esq. 

4233. Application of Printing to Meteorological Instruments. 

Lent by Messrs. Joseph^ Davis^ and Co. 

4234. Dials and Scales of Barometers unmounted, and specimens of 
same mounted complete for use and in action. 

Lent by Messrs. Joseph^ Davis^ and Co. 

4235. Blocks of Pocock's first Reading made Easy. Two impressions 
of the blocks used by Pocock in his first Reading made Easy, and 
the blocks. One missing. Lent by Alfred John Dunkiny Esq. 

4236. Broad Sheet Almanack. 15 14. Jasper Laet. 

L^nt by E. JLousman, Esq. 

4237. Child's Book, Jemima Placie. London : John Marshall and Co. 
Engraving. Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4238. Almanack's Volume. Stationers and others. 1691. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 
A Priuy Covmcell Almanacke every year given near Hampden. 

4239. A Primer. With curious woodcut. Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4240. Chap-Books. 

A Garland. Allen and Dale. 

Roy's Wife, &c. Glasgow. 1823. 

A Man's a Man, &c. Stirling. 

The Pleasant and Delightful. 

History of Jack and the Giants. Nottingham. Printed for 
the Running Stationers. 

The Renowned History of the Seven Champions of Chris- 
tendom. Newcastle. 

A new invented Horn-Book. Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4241. In Honour of William Caxton. Some rules for the Conduct of 
Life. Lent by Messrs. Field and Tuer. 

A private reprint of a work presented by the Corporation of the City of 
Lx)ndon to every apprentice on whom its freedom is conferred. The letter- 
press is old-style, witn an introductory page set entirely in Caxton type, and is 
printed on specially prepared old-style paper, the binding is in character with 
the letter-press. 



420 Cajrtoa Celebration^ 

4242. Early Proclamations and Royal Speeches. 

Lent by George Tawse^ Esq. 

4243. Specimens of Embossed Printing for the Blind. From stereotype 
plates (which are shown). 

Lent by the British and Foreign Blind Association. 

4244. Specimens of Embossed Printing for the Blind. From moveable 
types. Lent by Messrs. Gilbert and Rivington. 

4245. Hunt's Syllabic System for teaching 500,000,000 illiterate 
heathen. Lent by Messrs. Gilbert and Rivington. 

4246. Obsolete Bank Notes. 

Sweden, 10 daler, 1666. 
Sweden, 25 daler, 17 16. 
Nonvay, 10 rixdaler, 1695. 
Denmark, i mark, 17 13. 
Denmark, local Thomse. 
Denmark, local Tristed, 1815. 
London, Cheque or Note. 

Child's Bank Note, 1729. 

Child's Bank Note, 1750. 
United Colonies of America. 

South Carolina, 51., 1723. 

Pennsylvania, u., 1755. 

Annapolis, Maryland, 8 dollars, 1770. 

Philadelphia, \s. 6d.y 1776. 

Reverse of the above, 1776. 
Demarara, 5 stivers. 
Brandenburg, Prussia, 5 thaler, 1764. 
Saxony, i reiches thaler, 1772. 
Austria, 10 gulden, 1806. 
Poland, 100 florins, 1794. 
Hungary, 100 gulden, signed by Kossuth, 1848. 
Papal States, 15 scudi, 1796. 
France, Louis XVH., " De par le Roi," 5 livres. 
French Republic, 10,000 francs, 1794. 
Paris local note. 

Isles de France et de Bourbon, 5 livres Tournois, 1788. 
Surinam Card Money. Two sides of notes. 
Republic of Haiti, deux gourdes, 1827. 
Bloemfontein, five shillings, 1868. 

L^nt by Mrs. John Evans. 



4247. Sailing Directions for Rivers Elbe and Weser. Demy 8vo. 
1795. Lent by Messrs. Smith and Ebbs. 

4248. Sailing Directions for Hispaniola, Jamaica, &c. Demy Svo. 
1799. Lent by Messrs. Smith and Ebbs. 

4249. Various "Rent Receipt forms," &c. Printed in 1739 to 1750. 

Lent by Messrs. Smith and Ebbs. 

4250. Various Old Printed Forms for Trinity House. Printed on 
Tower Hill from 1762 to . JLent by Messrs. Smith and Ebbs. 

4251. Curious Copy of "Honest Verdict of a Jury of Independent 
Englishmen." 1833. Printed in gold on satin. 

Lent by Messrs. HowUtt and Son, 

4252. Receipts for Taxes, 1674-1691. 

4253. Clipp'd Money. 

4254. Convex Lights. 

4255. The London Directory, 1793. 

4256. Bradshaw's Guide. 

4257. Five Chap Books. Newcastle, 1800-22. 

Lent by Sir Charles Reed. 

4258. Polar Almanack for 1854, printed on board H.M.S. "Enterprise " 
in Camden Bay, lat. 70 N., long. 145 W. 

Lent by Thomas ILester^ Esq. 

4259. Specimens of a new process for printing dh-ect upon the surface 
of substances of a hard, brittle, or corrugated character. 

Lent by the Printing Surface Company. 

4260. Caxton Memorial. Account of the Meeting held in 1847 at the 
instigation of the Rev. H. Milman, D.D. 

Lent by J. S Hodson^ Esq. 



CLASS L. 




THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF TYPOGRAPHY AND 
TYPE-FOUNDING IN ENGLAND. 

COLLECTION of type specimens contains, in proportion 
to its completeness, a history both exhaustive and simple. 
In any survey of the rise and progress of Typography the 
primary reference is naturally made to such an authority, 
not only as giving details of names, places, and dates, but as 
disclosing the development of an invention, the cultivation 
of an industry, and the advance of an art, by marked stages, from its 
crude beginning to its present refinement 

The history of type-founding in England may be naturally divided 
into three distinct periods — infancy, languid progress, and revival and 
development. 

In the first stage we find the early printers combining in one the pro- 
fession of printer and type-founder, and accordingly any specimen of 
their types must be sought for in their books. It does not come within 
the scope of this sketch to enter into a detailed examination of the cha- 
racters adopted by these pioneers of the art, but it is interesting, in view 
of the present multiplication of designs, to recall the fact that in the whole 
of Caxton's works we meet with no more than eight founts, viz. : six sizes 
of secretary, and two of black. His successors — Wynkyn de Worde, 
Pynson, and Faques — made considerable advances, both in punch-cutting 
and founding, as their works testify. By Pynson the Roman character was 
introduced into England, and there is some reason to believe that he 
supplied other printers with types cast from his own matrices. To these 
three succeeded others of little distinction, till the name of John Day, in 
1567, arrests us at the close of the first stage of the art. 
It is at this time that the first reference to type-founding, as a distinct 



ClajafjJ H.— ^ppe anti otjer printing: 9^aterialj2f. 423 

branch of trade, occurs ; and Day is recorded to have produced Saxon 
and Greek founts, as well as the Italic and a variety of other characters. 
Closely following on this is the Star Chamber decree, restricting the 
number of founders to four, under episcopal appointment, who should 
have no more than two apprentices each, and " one boy for the pulling 
off of the knots of metal from the type." Under such conditions type 
founding started on a separate existence. Further restrictive measures 
followed, forbidding, among other things, the casting of any type without 
the sanction of the master and wardens of the Company of Stationers. 
Notwithstanding these decrees the number of founders grew, and their 
founts multiplied. The adoption of printing by the centres of learning 
encouraged the production of foreign and Oriental founts, and the Uni- 
versity of Oxford was enriched by the gifts of Dr. Fell and Mr. Junius. 
Music, signs, and flowers also appeared in type. The secretary was 
revived, and introduced the cursorial ; the fancy and flowered letters 
which, almost from the first, had replaced the hand-painted initials of the 
earliest books, were greatly improved. Larger ornamentations were 
carved on wood ; the flowers suggested an ample variety in design and 
decoration ; the old black fairly yielded to the Roman, which now 
appeared on graduated bodies from Canon to Brevier. In 1668 the first 
specimen bearing the name of an English founder was issued by Mr. 
Moxon, who subsequently attempted to reduce the art to set rules of 
proportion and measurement, illustrating his theories with elaborate 
plates. But, notwithstanding all this advancement, the trade languished. 
Besides Moxon, the University of Oxford alone published specimens. 
The native talent of Grover, Andrews, Mitchell, and James, was unan- 
preciated, and most of the best editions of Queen Anne's reign were the 
impression of Dutch letter. One man, Mr. James, accumulated in his 
own possession the stock of all the other founders ; nor was it till his 
foundry in turn came to the auctioneer's hammer that a specimen of its 
punches appeared. Thus far we find no more than the two specimens 
above named surviving to record a long period of mediocrity in genius, 
but gradual though languid advancement, when the accident which 
turned the attention of William Caslon to the art of type-founding 
at once marks the era of its revival, and the introduction to its present 
perfection. 

It appears only natural that the generation which produced for print- 
ing Bowyer, Nicholls, Watts, and Bettenham, should also give to type- 
founding William Caslon. Indeed it is noteworthy that not a few of the 
subsequent strides in the art were made under the encouragement of 
some famous and generous printer. Caslon's first production was an 
Arabic, in 1720. In 1734 his sheet contained specimens of thirty-eight 
founts, and from that time the tide turned in favour of English type- 
founding. The foreign trade ceased. English type was again used to print 



424 Ca;cton Celebration. 

English books — nay, even found its way abroad. The genius of Basker- 
ville, eccentric as it was, lent further impetus to the revival. After Caslon 
arose his son, and his two apprentices, Cottrell and Jackson, who in turn 
estabhshed foundries which flourish to this day. To them succeeded, in 
London, Figgins, Fry, Thome ; in Sheffield, Blake and Gamett ; in 
Scotland, Wilson and Miller, each doing his share in the development of 
the art, and assisting toward its present excellence. It is only possible 
to glance rapidly at the changes which have taken place during the past 
140 years. Of the 38 founts in Caslon's first sheet, 14 only are Roman, 
7 are titling, 2 are black, and the remaining 15 are ancient or Oriental. 
Then by degrees we find fresh faces and sizes. The Roman appeared 
as an open letter, or increased suddenly in bulk till it reached to Cot- 
trell's unprecedented 1 2-line ; the borders became more varied and less 
formal; the curves and slopes of the mediaeval gave place to the perpen- 
diculars and hair-serifs of the modem cut; the third Caslon's cast 
ornaments appeared, "adjusted curiously to paper;" music was exhibited 
in specimen; the fat faces of Thorne were largely affected; the variations 
on the Roman increased in boldness and elaboration ; the old black fell 
into the hands of the decorators ; scripts — the marvel of their age — were 
produced. And all this time wood-letter cutting and engraving were 
keeping pace with the sister art. Then the multiplication of newspapers 
called for uniform series of faces ; the increased power of machinery 
necessitated a harder alloy for casting, and consequently brought about 
an increased fineness of impression ; the commercial world was supplied 
with its Mercantiles and Court hands ; the advertising press demanded 
and received additional display and improved taste in the fancy letter 
and Clarendons of recent years. The type specimens in turn set the 
taste to the press. A revulsion occurred against crowding and mono- 
tony, and refinement and delicacy took the place of gross profusion and 
omament. A revival of the mediaeval ensued, and we recognize now the 
old forms in a more graceful garb ; the titling and display letter 
naturally followed the tendency, and modem old-style printing has now 
become a science. 

Such is a rapid outline of the recent development of typography. 
What it may yet become it is impossible to forecast. At present it seems 
by no means effete or exhausted, and it is even possible that at some 
future time the specimens of the present day may bear to the history of 
the art a relation similar to that which is now borne by the productions 
of Moxon, Fell, and James. 

Of the machinery and processes for the production of type it is only 
necessary to say that those now in use are but improvements on the 
earliest methods. 

The punch, matrix, and mould are coeval with the introduction of 
printing into England, and it appears to be an established fact that 



Cla0j5 1..— ^ppe anH otjec priittfng: ^attvM^. 425 

Caxton's types were so produced. As regards the two former, the 
handiwork of some of our ancestors has scarcely been surpassed to this 
day. The mould, of necessity, has undergone improvements, but it was 
not till the commencement of the present century that the American or 
lever mould appeared as a first rival to the venerable hand mould. 
The refinement of the serifs next suggested the pump for producing a 
stronger jet than could be obtained by a ladle and the jerk of the 
caster's arm ; and the pump and lever-mould combined suggested the 
casting machine of the present day. This, too, has experienced im- 
provement, and the crank-handle has generally yielded to steam. 

The other processes — breaking off, rubbing, setting up, and dressing 
— still to a large extent are performed by hand; but the mechanical 
genius of the age is already overtaking them, and we find machines 
which combine in one every process of production, from the molten 
metal to the finished type. 

The composition of type metal has met with many changes. The 
necessity for some alloy which would enable the lead to bear the 
pressure to which it was exposed was early felt, and we find nearly every 
metal, at some time or other, introduced into the combination. During 
the last century the founders have produced successively their type 
metal, their hard metal, and their extra-hard metal ; and types are now 
cast which will endure for years the ordeal of the stereo-foundry, and 
defy even the formidable cylinders of modem machinery. 



Section I. 

OLD TYPES, PUNCHES, MATRICES, &c 

Lent by the University Press, Oxford, 

" Punchions " and Matrices from Dr. FelVs collection, given to the Univer- 
sity of Oxford, A.D. 1666, viz. : — 

4280. 

UNCHES, Matrices, and specimen of Music Type of the seven- 
teenth century. 

4281. Punches and Matrices, roman and italic, of 3-line Pica, 
containing in the italic, beside the usual double letters, matrices 
for casting in one piece <5f, ^, /, Jh, and other combinations and 
ligatures. 




4^6 Cajcton Celebratfom 

4282. Punches and Matrices, in brass, of 4-line Pica roman and 
Greek capitals. 

4283. Double Box, the upper sliding into the lower, containing Pica 
roman and italic matrices. The small capitals not justified. 

4284. Double Pica Greek Matrices, containing, beside the ordinary 
Greek characters, small capitals and 118 ligatures. 

4285. English Black Matrices. 

4286. Coptic Matrices. 

4287. Hebrew and Sclavonic Matrices. 

4288. Syriac Matrices. 

4289. Punches of Coptic, Samaritan, Arabic, and Syriac. 

4290. Thirty-three Matrices of old flowers and borders. 

4291. Gothic, Runic, and Anglo-Saxon Punches given to the University 
of Oxford by Mr. Francis Junius in 1676. Also the Punches cut 
for Elstob's " Anglo-Saxon Grammar," given to the University by 
S. Bowyer in 1753. 

The faces of these punches are protected by a thick coating of resin. 

4292. Matrices of Junius' Anglo-Saxon, and also of Elstob's, with 
specimen of type. 

4293. Specimen of old Icelandic Type, " Dutch height." 

4294. Box of Great Primer Greek Punches, cut by the celebrated Bas- 
kerville, from whom they were purchased by the University about 
the year 1760. 

These are the only relics in England of the celebrated Birmingham foundry. 

4295. Set of floriated Initial Letters in wood, 12-line Pica. 

4296. Set of Initial Letters in wood, " Dutch bloomers," 14-line Pica, 
temp. William III. (?) 

4297. Set of ditto, smaller, 5-line Pica. 

4298. Two old Tail-pieces in wood. 

4299. Three Coats-of-Arms of the University of Oxford in wood, temp. 
Charles I. to George III. 

4300. View of the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, used in title-pages. 



Cla00 %.— ^ppe anil otjer ^rfntfng Q^attnaW. 427 

4301. Two Views of the Clarendon Building, Oxford, fonnerly used for 
title-pages. 

4302. Two old Hand-moulds for casting type, without springs. 

4303. Two printer's Ball-stocks. 

Lent by Messrs. H. W. Caslon and Co. 

4304. First Specimen-sheet of William Caslon's types. 1735. 

4305. Ditto, framed with modem in comparison. 

4306. Early Caslon Hand-moulds, in use 1720 to about 1750. 

4307. Ditto Script Moulds, slanting and locking bodies. 

4308. Ditto Quadrat Moulds. 

4309. Spring Lever Mould, supposed to be the first. 

4310. Early Caslon Lead-mould. 

431 1. Punches cut by William Caslon L 1720. 

43 1 2. Matrices from ditto. 

4313. Types cast from ditto, finished and unfinished. 

4314. Caslon's earliest Music Type. 

4315. Collection of Sanspareil Matrices, showing oldest and largest, 
&c. 

4316. Brass Model Letters, for casting type in sand. 

43 1 7. Types cast in sand moulds from ditto. 

4318. Two brass Engravings of very old coach and steamer. 

4319. Model of modem Type-casting Machine. 

4320. Machine Moulds, as now in use, for large and small letter. 

4321. Modern-cut Punches, large and small. 

4322. Matrices from ditto. 

4323. Types from ditto, finished and unfinished. 

4324. Metal Furniture, old kind, French, apd adjusting. 



428 Cajcton Celebration* 

4325. Copy of Specimen-book. 1764. 

4326. Ditto. 1785. 

4327. Modern Specimen-book. 2 copies. 

Lent by Messrs. Reed 6- Fox. 

4328. Old Hand Mould of the Fann Street Foundry. 

4329. Old Hand Mould for casting circular body. 

4330. Hand lever mould. 

4331. A Case of old Matrices, from the Collection of Dr. Edmund 
Fry, containing : 

1. Pica Black, bought at James' sale, 1782. Supposed to be 
upwards of 300 years old, but erroneously described by Han- 
sard and Dr. Fry as Caxton's. 

2. English Black, bought at James' sale. Formerly Wolfe's, the 
City Printer in 1581. 

3. Long Primer and Brevier Black, also bought at James' sale. 
Of Dutch origin. 

4. Long Primer and Small Pica Black Matrices, from punches 
cut by Dr. Fry. 

5. Matrices of the Alexandrian Greek. Bought at James' sale, 
in the catalogue of which (p. 10) they are advertised as having 
belonged to Wynkyn de Worde. 

4332. Early Specimen Books. 3 vols. 8vo. 

4333. Modern Specimen Books. 2 vols. 4to. 

Lent by C. W. H. Wytnan, Esq. 

4334. Derriey Album of Specimens. 4to. 
4335- Small Model of Derriey's Mitreing-machine. 
4336. Two small Models of Derriey's Paging-machines. 
4337' Specimen Case of Ornaments. 



Claw %*—%i!pt anti otljer ^rfntfnff Q^aterialsJ* 429 

4338. Ditto Flourishes, &c. 

4339. Specimens of Fancy and Shaded Rules, &c. 

4340. A Biography of the late C. J. Derriey, of Paris, with portrait. 

4341. Instruments used by the celebrated Dutch punch-cutter, Joan 
Michael Fleischmann, bom at Nuremberg in 1701, died at 
Amsterdam, 1768. Zenf by MM. Enschede et Fils. 

A collection of punch-cutting tools, a mould, and a small wooden printing- 
press used by Fleischmann for proving his specimens. With a portrait. 

4342. Two words of logotypes, as used by John Walter of the " Times," 
in 1785. The letters are cemented together at the bottom into 
words. Lent by Austin JVood, Esq. 



Section II. 
TYPE-CASTING MACHINES. 

4344- 
BQ HAND Type-Casting Machine. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

tt^ 4345- Johnson and Atkinson's Type-Casting Machine. 

9 43 Lent by the Patent Type-Founding Company. 

In this machine, which is driven by steam power, the types are cast, rubbed, 
dressed, and rendered fit for use by the printer without being touched by hand. 



430 Carton Celebratfom 




Section III. 

TYPES, PLATES, AND OTHER MATERIALS USED IN 
THE VARIOUS PROCESSES OF MUSIC PRINTING. 

4346. 
[OPPER Music Plates. Engraved by Thomas Cross (3 plates). 
Portrait of Corelli, page i, page 69. Messrs. Cocks &> Co. 

4347. Copper Music Plate. Stamped. Messrs. Cramer &* Co. 

4348. Modern Pewter Music Plate. Stamped. Messrs. Enoch &> Sons. 

4349. Old Pewter Music Plate. Stamped. Messrs. Novello 6- Co. 

4350. Stereotype Music Plate. Henderson^ Rait, 6- Fenton. 

4351. Stereotype Music Plate. Messrs. Novello &* Co. 

4352. Electrotype Music Plate. Henderson, Rait, 6- Fenton. 

4353. Electrotype Music Plate. Messrs. Novello <5^* Co. 

4354. SiLVER-Washed Music Plate. Henderson, Rait, 6^ Fenton. 

4355. Page of Ruby Music Type. Henderson, Rait, &> Fenton. 

4356. Blocks used in the Cowper process of Music Printing, with 
printed specimens. W. Clo2ves 6^ Sons. 

The notes are copper inserted in wooden blocks. 

4357. Punches, Matrices and Rules, and printed specimen of the 
Scheurmann Process of Music Printing, 1856-59. 

Henderson, Rait, &* Fenton. 



Cla00 H.— 'arspe and ot^ec ^vintinQ Q^aun'aljJ* 431 




Section IV. 
TYPEFOUNDERS' SPECIMEN BOOKS (SELECTED). 

BRITISH. 

4358. 
ANDBILL by William Caxton. " If it plese ony man spirituel 
or temporel to bye ony pyes of two and thre comemoracios of 
salisburi use enprynted after the forme of this preset lettre 
whiche ben wel and truly correct late hym come to west- 
monester in to the almonesrye at the reed pale and he shal have 
them good chepe. Supplico stet cedula." Date anie 1480. 

An advertisement of an Ordinale of the Church of Salisbury, printed by 
Caxton in similar type to this handbill. 

4359. REGULiE Trium Ordinum Literarum Typographicarum ; or the 
Rules of the Three Orders of Print-Letters, viz.: — the Roman, Italick, 
English, — Capitals and Small ; showing how they are compounded 
of Geometrick Figures and mostly made by Rule and Compass. 
Useful for Writing Masters, Painters, Carvers, Masons and others 
that are lovers of Curiosity ; by Joseph Moxon, Hydrographer to 
the King's Most Excellent Majesty. London. Printed for 
Joseph Moxon on Ludgate Hill at the sign of Atlas, 1676. 4to. 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 
Dedicated to the Worshipful Sir Christopher Wren, Knight, Surveyor to his 
Majesty's Buildings. With 38 pp. of plates. 

4360. A Specimen by William Caslon, Letter-founder in Chiswell Street, 
London. 1734. Large post broadside. 

His first specimen, containing 38 founts, and 7 varieties of flowers. 

4361. Ditto. Framed with modem in comparison. 

See contents of the Caslon Exhibit, lent by H. W. Caslon and Co. 

4362. A Specimen of the Printing Letter of the late Mr. Henry Woodfall, 
without Temple Bar, London ; with a Catalogue of all his Printing 
Materials ; which will be Sold by Auction on Monday, November 
9th, 1 747 at the Castle Tavern in Paternoster Row, to begin at 
Four in the Afternoon. 4to. Lent by Javies Fenton^ Esq. 

With a list of purchasers at end, and prices given. 



432 Ca;cton Celebration^ 

4363. A Specimen of the Printing Letter of Mr. George Woodfall, 
Charing Cross, who is leaving off that branch of business ; with a 
Catalogue of all his Printing Materials, which will be Sold by 
Auction on Monday, September 14th, 1 761, at the Sun Tavern in 
Ludgate Street. To begin at Seven o'clock. 4to. 

Lent by yames Fenton^ Esq. 
With a list of purchasers' names at end, and prices given. 

4364. A Specimen of Printing Types by William Caslon and Son. 
Printed by Dryden Leach. London, 1764. 8vo. 

See contents of the Caslon Exhibit, lent by H. W. Caslon and Co. 

*'This new foundery was begun in the year 1 720 & finished 1763, & will (with 
God's leave) be carried on, improved & enlarged by William Caslon & Son, 
Letter Founders in London." 

The first Typefounder's specimen book issued in England. 

4365. Ditto. Ditto. Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

4366. A Specimen of Printing Types by Tho. Cottrell, Letter-founder 
in Nevils Court, Fetter Lane, London. 8vo. 

Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

"This Foundery was begun in the year 1757, and will (with God's leave) be 
carried on, improved, and enlarged by Thomas Cottrell, Letter Founder in 
London. 

*' N.B. — Served my apprenticeship to William Caslon Esq." 

4367. Ditto. Ditto, unbound, in paper cover. 

Lent by J^ames Fenton^ Esq. 

4368. A Specimen of the several sorts of Printing Types belonging to 
the University of Oxford at the Clarendon Printing House, 1768 
[including a fount of Baskerville's Greek]. Together with a specimen 
of the Gothic, Runic, Icelandic, and Saxon characters, with Roman, 
Italick, and Black, given to the University of Oxford by Mr. 
Francis Junius about the year 1677. (All pica body.) 8vo. 

Lent by G. A. Spottiswoode^ Esq. 

This specimen also comprises new letters purchased in the years 1768 to 

1774, among which is a long-primer Syriac by Caslon. Dr. Fell's gift of 

*' punchions and matrices to the University was made in 1666, and 

Mr. Junius' in 1676. 

4369. A Specimen of Printing Types by William Caslon, Letter-founder, 
London. 8vo. Lent by William Blades^ Esq. 

A reprint by Luckombe, being pp. 134-173 of his " History and Art of 
.Printing, 1770." 

4370. A Specimen of Cottrell's Doomsday Letter, 1770. 8vo. 

L^nt by William Blades^ Esq. 
This also is a reprint by Luckombe, being page 174 of his work. 



Cla^jaf %.—%^pz anti otjer printing Q^aterial^^ 433 

4371. A Specimen of Printing Types by Isaac Moore and Co., Letter- 
founders in Queen Street, near Upper Moorfields, London. 1770. 
Framed Sheet. Zeni by A. W. Tuer, Esq. 

Better known as Fry and Pine's Foundry, begun in 1764, of which Isaac 
Moore was manager. 

4372. A Dissertation upon English Typographical Founders and 
Founderies by Edward Rowe Mores, A.M., and A.S.S., 1778. 
8vo. Lent by William Blades, Esq. 

4373- A Catalogue and Specimen of the large and extensive Printing 
Type-foundry of the late ingenious Mr. John James, Letter- 
founder, formerly of Bartholomew Close, deceased; including 
several other Founderies, English and foreign. Improved by the 
Reverend and Learned Edward Rowe Mores, deceased. Com- 
prehending a great variety of punches and matrices of the 
Hebrew, Samaritan, Syriac, Arabic, ^thiopic, Alexandrian, Greek, 
Roman, Italic, Saxon, Old English, Hibernian, Script, Secretary, 
Court-Hand, Mathematical, Musical, and other characters. Flowers 
and Ornaments: which will be sold by Auction by Mr. Paterson 
at his Great Room (No. 6), King Street, Covent Garden, London, 
on Wednesday, 5th June, 1782, and the 3 following days; to 
begin exactly at 1 2 o'clock. To be viewed on Wednesday, May 
29th, and to the time of sale. Catalogues with specimen of the 
Types may be had at the place of Sale. (Price one shilling.) 8vo. 
Lent from the Library of the London Institution. 

This foundry was begun in 1710 by Thomas James, father to John James, 
who with great difficulty procured his first matrices from Holland. It sub- 
sequently absorbed the foundries of RoHj, Grover (father and son), Moxon, 
Andrews (father and son), Head, Mitchell, Hive, and others. Among the 
punches and matrices for sale are some by De Worde and Pynson. 

4374. A Specimen of Printing Tj^^es, being some of the sizes cast in 
the letter foundry of Dr. Alex. Wilson and Sons. Glasgow, 1783. 
I page. Folio. Lent by A. W. Tuer, Esq. 

Reprint, from the second edition of Chambers' Encyclopaedia. 

4375. A Specimen of Large letter by William Caslon, London, 1785. 
Two sheets framed. Lent by A. W. Tuer, Esq. 

From 7-line to 19-line ; capitals, lower case and figures. Cast in sand. 

4376. A Specimen of Printing Types by William Caslon, Letter-founder 
to His Majesty. London. Printed by Galabin and Baker, 1785. 
8vo. 

See contents of the Caslon Exhibit^ lent by H. W. Caslon and Co. 

4377. Ditto. ditto. Lent by yames Fentan^ Esq. 

F F 



434 Ca;cton Celebratfom 

4378. A Specimen of Printing Types by William Caslon, Letter-founder 
to His Majesty, 1785. Folio, 4 pp. Lent by A. IV. Tuer^ Esq. 

Reprint, from the second edition of Chambers' Encyclopaedia. 

4379. Two framed Specimen Sheets of Semi-open Letters, old style t)T>e, 
from 7-lines to 19-lines Pica, capitals and lower case. Founder and 
date unknown. Lent by A. W. Tuer^ Esq. 

4380. A Specimen of Cast Ornaments on a new plan by William Caslon, 
Letter-founder to His Majesty. London. Printed by J. W. 
Galabin, 1786. 8vo. Lent by Talbot B. Reed, Esq. 

The first specimen of Cast Ornaments by an English founder. 

4381. A Specimen of Printing Types by Joseph Fry and Sons, Letter- 
founders to the Prince of Wales. London, printed in the year 
1786. 8vo. Lent by William Blades /Esq. 

4382. A Specimen of Brass Card Borders on an entu-e new principle, by 
C. and A. Paas, Engravers to their Majesties. No. 53 Holborn, 
London. Printed by T. Rickaby, 1 788. 8vo. 

LAnt by William Blades^ Esq. 

4383. Specimen of Printing T3^es by Vincent Figgins, Letter-founder, 
Swan Yard, Holborn Bridge, London. 1793. 8vo. 

Lent by William Blades, Esq. 
His first specimen, containing 31 Oriental and 7 Roman founts. 

4384. Specimen of Metal Cast Ornaments curiously adjusted to paper 
by Edmund Fry and Isaac Steele, Letter-founders to the Prince 
of Wales, London. Printed by T. Rickaby, 1794. 8vo. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

4385. A Specimen of Printing Types by Fry and Steele, Letter-founders 
to the Prince of Wales, Type Street, London. Printed by T. 
Rickaby, London, 1795. 8vo. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

4386. Specimen Sheet of Head and Fable Cuts for Dilworth's Spelling 
Book, cast on Hard Metal, and curiously adjusted to paper on the 
best Turkey box. Price £,0^ x.4. By Fry and Steele, Letter- 
founders, Type Street, London. Framed. 

Lent by A. W Tuer, Esq. 

4387. A Specimen of Printing Types by William Caslon, Letter-founder 
to the King. Salisbury Square, London. Jan. 1798. 8vo. 

Lent by W Blades, Esq. 
The third William Caslon retired from Chiswell Street and purchased Mr. 
Jackson's foundry in 1792. 



Cla00 H.— tlTppe and otfier printing 9^ater(al0* 435 

4388. A Specimen of Cast Ornaments by William Caslon, Letter- 
founder to the King. Lx)ndon. Printed by C. Whittingham, 

1798. 8vo. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

4389. Pantographia, containing accurate copies of all the known Alpha- 
bets in the world, together with an English explanation of the 
peculiar force or power of each letter ; to which are added speci- 
mens of all the well-known authenticated Oral Languages, forming 
a comprehensive digest of Phonology. By Edmund Fry, Letter- 
founder, Type Street, London. Printed by Cooper and Wilson, 

1799. 8vo. Lent by A. W, Tuer^ Esq. 

With a dedication to Sir Joseph Banks, Bart., K.B., President of the Royal 
Society. 

4390. A Specimen of Printing Types by Fry, Steele and Co., Letter- 
founders to the Prince of Wales. London. Printed in the year 

1800. 8vo. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

4391. Thorne's Specimen of Printing T)rpes, Barbican, 1803. No title 
page. 8vo. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

Apprentice and successor to Cottrell. 

4392. Specimen of Metal Cast Ornaments curiously adjusted to paper 
by Fry and Steele, Letter-founders to the Prince of Wales, Type 
Street, London. Printed in the year 1805. 8vo. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

4393. A Specimen of Modem Cut Printing Types, by Alex. Wilson and 
Sons, Letter-founders, Glasgow. James Hedderwick and Co., 
Printers, Bell Street, Glasgow, 1812. 4to. 

Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4394. Specimen of Printing Types by William Miller & Co., Edin- 
burgh, 1 81 5. Lent by Messrs. Miller and Richard, 

The first specimen of this foundry. 

4395. Specimen of Printing Types by Edmund Fry, Letter-founder to 
the King and Prince Regent, Type Street, London, 181 6. 8vo. 

Lefit by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4396. A Specimen of Printing Types, &c. by Blake, Gamett, & Co. 
(successors to Mr. W. Caslon of London) Letter-founders, Sheffield. 
8vo. Paper cover. Lent by Messrs. Stephenson^ Blake, &* Co. 

"Blake, Gamett, and Co. beg leave respectfully to inform the trade that 
they have purchased the whole of Mr. W. Caslon's foundry, &c." 



43^ Carton Celebration* 

4397. Specimen of Printing Types by L. I. Pouch^e at the New Foundry, 
Great Wild Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, 1819. 8vo. 

Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 
Agent in England for Henri Didot's Polymatype. 

4398. A Specimen of Book and Newspaper Printing Types by Hugh 
Hughes, Letter-cutter and Founder, 23, Dean Street, Fetter Lane. 
No date. 8vo. Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

An engraver, formerly partner with Mr. Thome, Barbican. 

4399. Thorowgood's new specimen of Printing Types, late R. Thome's, 
No. 2, Fann Street, Aldersgate Street, London. A liberal discount 
on export orders. 8vo. 182 1. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

4400. Specimen of the last modern cut Printing Types by A. Bessemer, 
Letter-founder, Hitchin, Herts, 8vo. 182 1. 

Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4401. Specimen of Printing Types by William Miller, Letter-founder to 
His Majesty for Scotland. Edinburgh, printed by James Ballan- 
tyne and Co., 1822. 4to. Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4402. Specimen of Modern Printing Types by Alex. Wilson and Sons, 
Glasgow, 1823. 4to. Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4403. Specimen of Printing Types by Vincent Figgins, Letter-founder, 
West Street, West Smithfield, London, 1824. 8vo. 

Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4404. Specimen of the last modem cut Printing Types by A. Bessemer 
and J. J. Catherwood, Letter-founders, Hitchin, Herts. (J. J. 
Catherwood, late of the Chiswell Street Foundry, London.) 1825. 
8vo. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

4405. Supplement to Blake, Gamett, and Co.'s Specimen. 1826. 8vo. 
Paper cover. Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4406. Specimen of Printing Types by Blake, Gamett, and Co. (successors 
to Mr. W. Caslon of London), Letter-founders, Allen Street, 
Sheffield, 1827. 8vo. Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4407. Specimens of Printing Types cast at Austin's Imperial Letter 
Foundry, Worship Street, Shoreditch, London, 1827. 8vo. 

L^nt by S. Bremner, Esq. 
An engraver, by whom several of Wilson's and Miller's early founts were cut. 



Claj2(0 ?l*— ^ppe anti ot^ec ^tintin^ a^aterialie?* 437 

4408. Specimen of Printing Types by Vincent Figgins, Letter-founder, 
London, 1827. i6mo. Paper cover. 

Zeni by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4409. Supplements to Blake, Gamett, & Co.'s Specimen. 1827 and 
1828. 8vo. Paper covers. Lent by S, Bremner, Esq, 

4410. Specimen of Modem Printing Types, by Alex. Wilson and Sons, 
Letter-founders, Glasgow, 1828. 4to. 

Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq, 

441 1. Specimen of Printing Types by Caslon and Livermore, Letter- 
founders, Chiswell Street, London. Bensley, Printer, 1830. 8vo. 

Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4412. Specimen of the last modern cut Printing Types, by A. Bessemer, 
Letter-founder, 54, Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell, London, 
1830. 8vo. Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4413. Thorowgood's Specimens of Greeks, Hebrews, and Foreign Cha- 
racters, late the property of Dr. Edmund Fry. Title and first page 
only. 1830. 8vo. Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4414. Select Specimen of Printing Types by Blake and Stephenson, 
Sheffield, 1830. 8vo. Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4415. Specimen of Printing Types by Blake and Stephenson (successors 
to Mr. W. Caslon, of London), Letter-founders, Sheffield, 1831. 
8vo. Lent by Messrs. Stephenson^ Blake^ and Co. 

This book contains an interesting autograph memorandum by Mr. Hansard, 
author of *' Typographia." 

4416. Specimen of Vizetelly, Branston, and Co.'s Cast Metal Ornaments, 
produced by a new and improved method, greater in number and 
variety, superior in design and execution, and considerably cheaper 
in price than any collection hitherto offered to the notice of the 
printers. 76, Fleet Street, London, January, 1832. 4to. 

Lent by James Fenton, Esq, 
The new method referred to is the soldering of the casts on metal mounts. 

4417. Specimen of Printing Types by Vincent Figgins, Letter-founder, 
West Street, West Smithfield, London, 1832. 8vo. 

Lent by S, Bremner, Esq. 



438 Ca;cton Celebration. 

4418. Additions and Supplement to the Specimen of the Fann Street 
Foundry, 1830 and 1832. Two Books. Paper covers. 8vo. 

Lent by S. Bretntur^ Esq. 

4419. Specimen of Printing Types by Blake and Stephenson (successors 
to Mr. W. Caslon, of London), Letter-founders, Sheffield, 1833. 
8vo. Lent by W. Blades, Esq, 

4420. Specimen of Modern Printing Types cast at the Letter-foundry 
of Alex. Wilson and Sons, Glasgow, 1833. 4to. 

Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4421. Specimen of Printing Types by Caslon and Livermore, Letter- 
founders, Chiswell Street, London. Bensley, Printer, 1834. 8vo. 

Lent by A. W. Tuer, Esq. 

4422. Specimen of Printing Types by Vincent Figgins, Letter-founder, 
West Street, West Smithfield, London, 1835. 8vo. 

Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4423. Supplement to Blake and Stephenson's Specimen of Printing 
Types. Sheffield, 1836. 8vo. Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4424. Specimen of Book and Newspaper Type from the Foundry of 
Vincent and James Figgins. London, 1838. 4to. 

4425. A Specimen of the Printing Types in the Fann Street Foundr)', 
W. Thorowgood and Co. London, 1838. 

Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4426. A Specimen of Printing Types by William Miller and Co., Letter- 
founders to Her Majesty for Scotland. Printed by Oliver and 
Boyd, Tweedale Court, 1838. 4to. Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4427. Specimen of Printing Types by Blake and Stephenson (successors 
to Mr. W. Caslon, of London), Letter-founders. Sheffield, 1839. 
8vo. 

4428. A Specimen of Printing Types by William Miller and Co., Letter- 
founders to Her Majesty for Scotland. Printed by Oliver and 
Boyd, Tweedale Court, 1839. 4to. Lent by S. Bremner, Esq. 

4429. A Specimen Book of Types cast at the Austin Letter-foundry by 
Wood and Sharwoods, No. 1 20, Aldersgate Street, London, 1 839. 
4to. Lent by A. W. Tuer, Esq. 



Clajsjs IL*— ^ppe anil ot^er pn'ntfnff a^atecfal^. 439 

4430. Specimen of Modem Printing Types cast at the Letter-foundr>' 
of Duncan Sinclair and Sons, Whiteford House, Edinburgh, 1840. 
4to. Lent by S. Bretnner^ Esq. 

4431. Specimen of Printing Types by Stephenson, Blake, and Co., 
Letter-founders, Sheffield, 1842. 8vo. 

Lent by A. IV. Tuer, Esq. 

4432. Specimen of Printing Types by V. and J. Figgins (successors to 
Vincent Figgins), Letter-founders, West Street, West Smithfield, 
London, 1842. 8vo. Lent by C. Poplett^ Esq. 

4433. Specimen of Two-line Letters, Book and Newspaper Founts, and 
Metal Rules and Borders, by Alex. Wilson and Sons, London, 
Edinburgh, and Glasgow, 1843. Long 4to. 

Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

4434. Glasgow Letter-foundry, London. Specimens of Punches and 
Matrices for Sale by Auction on the premises. Great New Street, 
Gough Square, by V. and J. Collier, 25th and 26th of June (no 
date of year). 4to. 

The Glasgow Foundry was incorporated in 185 1 with the Caslon Foundry. 

4435. Specimen of Printing Types by Stephenson, Blake, and Co., 
Letter-founders, Sheffield, 1847. 8vo. 

Lent by Messrs. Stephenson, Blake, and Co. 

4436. Specimen of Fifteen Hundred Metal Ornaments, polytyped by S. 
and T. Sharwood, 120, Aldersgate Street, London. 4to. 

Lent by James Fenton, Esq. 

4437. Fann Street Letter-foundry, London. A General Specimen of 
Printing Types. Robert Besley and Co., late W. Thorowgood 
and Co. 1850. 4to. Junt by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

4438. A Specimen Book of Types cast by S. and T. Sham'ood, at their 
Austin Letter-foundry, No. 120, Aldersgate Street, London, 1854. 
4to. 

4439. Catalogue of the Materials of an eminent Type-foundry for Sale 
by Private Contract. Application to be made to Mr. Joseph M. 
Powell, 3, Bouverie Street, 1870. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

The stock of John Sinclair, Whiteford House, Edinburgh. 

4440. Modern Specimen Books by H. W. Caslon and Co., Chiswell 
Street, 1877. Two copies. 

Se€ contents of the Caslon Exhibit, lent by H. W, Caslon caul Co. 



440 Cajcton Celebration* 

4441. Fann Street Letter-foundry, London. A General Specimen of 
Printing Types. Reed and Fox (late R. Besley and Co.), 1877. 
4to. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

With early specimens in comparison. 

4442. A Framed Specimen of Printing Types of the Fann Street 
Foundry, London, 1877. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

4443. Specimen of Printing Types by Stephenson, Blake, and Co., 
Letter-founders, Sheffield and London, 1877. 

Lent by Messrs. Stephenson^ Blake^ and Co. 

4444. Specimens of Wood Letter, old and new. 

Lent by Messrs. Miller and Richard. 

4445. Specimens of Printing Types by Miller and Richard, Letter- 
founders to Her Majesty for Scotland. Edinburgh and London, 
1877. Lent by Messrs. Miller and Richard. 

4446. A Specimen of Gem Type (being a page from John Bellows' 
French and English Dictionary, new edition). 

Lent by Messrs. Miller and Richard. 



HOLLAND. 

Collection of early Dutch Specimen Books and Sheets lent by MM. Jean 
Enschede et Fils, Haerleniy viz. : — 

4447. Athias, Amsterdam, 1683; with i page containing characters cut 
by C. Van Dyk for the Maison Elzevir. 

4448. Succ. — Jan Jacobsz Schipper, Amsterdam. 

4449. Succ. — Wed. Clyburg, Amsterdam, 1705 ; with a catalogue of his 
sale. 

4450. Succ. — Jan Roman, Amsterdam, 1767, a page same as Athias; 
also catalogue of his sale. 

4451. R. and H. F. Wetstein, Amsterdam, 1740. 

4452. Succ — Hendrick Floris Wetstein, 1743. 

4453. Veuve Dirk Voskens, 1677. 
4454 Succ. — Veuve Dirk Voskens et Fils. 

4455. Succ— Voskens et Clerk, 1780; with catalogue of sale. 



Cla00 Ti.—%^pz anil ot^ec ^vintirtQ 9^aterial0^ 441 

4456. Succ. — A. G. Mappa, Rotterdam. 

4457. Isaac Van der Putte, Amsterdam. 

4458. Suca — Hendrick Van der Putte. 

4459. Anthonie et Hendrick Bruyn, Amsterdam. 

4460. Hermanus Uytwerf, Amsterdam; 3 pp. of characters cut by Van 
der Velde. 

4461. Succ— R. C. Alberts et H. Uytwerf, 1750. 

4462. Joannes Dauu en Co. (Joannes Dauu en Jan Smid), Rotterdam, 
1780. 

4463. Succ. — J. de Groot, 1781. 

4464. Succ. — Harmsen, 18 18. 

4465. Brouwer and Weyer, Amsterdam. 

4466. J. L. Pfeiffer, Amsterdam. 

4467. C. Nozeman, Haerlem, 1760; with catalogue of sale. 

4468. WiLLEM CuPY, Amsterdam, i p. of Hebrews. 

4469. Jacobus Franciscus Rosart, Haerlem, 17 14-1777. 

4470. The same, Brussels ; 2 pp. flowers. 

4471. Succ. — Veuve Decellier, Brussels, Specimen; no title page. 

4472. Freres Ploos van Amstel, Amsterdam, 1 767-1 780. 

4473. Isaac and John Enschede, Haerlem. i sheet, the last of 
Wetstein. Ditto, the first of Enschedd Specimens, 1744, 1748, 
1757. 

4474. Succ. — Jean Enschedd, Specimen, 1 768-1 773. 

4475. Succ. — ^Jean Enschede et fils. Specimen, 1806, 1816, 1877. 

4476. Proeve der Drukkerye van Mr. Abraham Elzevir in sijn Leven 
Drukker van der Universiteyt tot Leyden. Bestaande in vier 
schoone Druk-Parssen, waar oudei drie met kopere Degels zijn, 
als mede verscheyde Soorten van Arabische, Sirische Samari- 
taanische, ^thiopische, Cursijfsche, Hoog-en Neerduytsche, en 
meere andere Letteren, &c. Welche verkocht sal werden tot 
Leyden in de Academy, op Maandag den 20 February, 1713. 's 



442 Cajcton Cclebratiom 

morgens ten 9, uuren pregys. Alles sel daags te vooren van de 
Gegadinge konnen gesein werden, en de Catalogus is te bekomen 
by, Fran9oys Heeneman, op de Haarlem-straat in de Vergulde 
Son. 4to. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

Abraham Elzevir died at Leyden, July 30, 1712. His printing-office and 
Type-foundry was sold in February of the following year, and passed into 
several hands, realizing only 2,000 florins. 

4477. Versameling van een Party Curieuse Letteren in allerlei Soorten, 
Volgens de Proeven daar van in deze Catalogus opgegeven. Alle 
by een Vergaderd, en nagelaten op de Dnikkery van Wylen de 
Heer Rudolph Wetstein waar by zyn vier schoone Druk-Parssen 
alle met yzere Fondamenten, en Kopere Platen onder de Degels ; 
De Verkopinge van deze zal gehouden werden ten Huyse Hen- 
drick Floris Wetstein, op de Beschyt-market, op Woensdag den 
13 Maart 1743. Alwaar daags voor de Verkoping, den s'morgens 
van 9 tot 12, en namiddags van 2 tot 5 uren alles zal te sien 
zyn. De Catalogus is te be komen te Amsterdam by A. Schoo- 
nenburg. 4to. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

Wetstein's foundry at Amsterdam was sold on March 13th, 1743, and pur- 
chased by Isaac and John Enschede, who removed it to Haerlem, where it 
formed the foundation of their celebrated foundry. 

4478. Proef van Letteren, welke gegoten worden in de Nieuwe 
Letter-gietery van Izaak en J oh. Enschedd te Haerlem. 8vo. 
1743. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

The first specimen book of this firm, with a frontispiece awarding the 
invention of printing to Koster, of Haerlem. 

4479. Proef van Letteren welke gegoten worden in de Nieuwe Letter- 
Gietery van Izaak en Joh. Enschede te Haerlem. Tweede 
vermeerderde Uytgave. Vermeerderd en verbeterd tot het Jaar 
1748. 8vo. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

4480. Proef van Letteren die gegoten worden in de nieuwe Gieterye 
van C. Nozeman & Comp. te Haerlem, 1756. 

Lent by James Fenton, Esq. 
Described by Enschede as a "pasteur remonstrant." His foundry was 
sold in lots, November ii, 1760, and subsequently came into possession of the 
Haerlem Foundry. 

4481. Proef van Letteren welke gegoten worden in de Nieuwe Letter- 
Gietery van Izaak en Joh. Enschede te Haerlem. Derde Uyt- 
gave. Vermeerderd en verbeterd tot het Jaar 1757. 8vo. 

Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 
Containing portrait of John Enschede, and engraved frontispiece; also a 
preface giving a short account of the foundry. 



Cla00 lL.—%^pz antr otjer printing 99aterial0. 443 

4482. Proef van Letteren welke gegoten worden in de Niewe Haer- 
lemsche Lettergietery van J. Ensched^, 1768. 8vo. 

Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 
With portraits of John Ensched^, Junius, Fleischman (the punch-cutter), 
Koster, and a representation of the interior of the foundry. The titles of the 
founts are given in Dutch, French, English, and German. 

4483. Proeve van Letteren welke gevonden worden ter Boekdrukkerye 
van Herdingh en Du Mortier te Leyden. 1793. 8vo. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 
Afterwards united with the Haerlem Foundry. 

4484. Proeve van eenige Nieuwe Schriften, van eene Nieuwe Snede, 
welke onder anderen voorhanden zyn en gegoten worden op de 
lettergietery onder de firma Gebroeders Ploos van Amstel ; op 
de Leydsche graft te Amsterdam. 1796. 8vo. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 
This foundry was also absorbed by the Haerlem Foundry. 

4485. Specimen des Caractbres Typographiques Anciens qui se trouvent 
dans la collection typographique de Joh. Enschedd et Fils, Im- 
primeurs k Haerlem. 1867. 4to. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

With interesting account of the foundry, life of Fleischman, remarks on Van 
Dyck, Rosart, and various other punch-cutters and type-founders, &c. The 
Enschede Foundry absorbed the foundries of the Wetsteins, Dirk Voskens 
(which included the foundry of J. Bleau, the co-worker of Tycho Brahe), Hen- 
drick der Bruyn, Van der Putte, Van der Welde, Uytworf, Nozeman, and 
Ploos van Amstel (which included the foundries of Athias, Elzevir, and Jan 
Roman). 

GERMANY. 

4486. Typorum et Characterum Officinse Chalcographies, Georgii 
Leopoldi Fuhrmanni, Civis et Bibliopolae Norici, tarn ad linguas, 
Germanicam, Latinam, Grsecam, qukm ad Gallicam, Germanicam- 
que Testudinis Tabulaturam novam; Notas item musicas figurales, 
quas vocant, et Chorales, pertinentium : Cum multis idgenusaliis ad 
Typographiam spectantibus : Concinnata et exhibita a possessore 
supradicto. Nurembergae, 1616. 4to. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

With an introduction giving an account of the origin of printing, followed by 
the poem, "Artis Typographicae Quserimonia," in Latin verse, by Henr. 
Sphephanus. On title-page is a woodcut representing the interior of Fuhr- 
mann's printing-office. 

4487. ScHRiFT-Probe oder Kurzes Verzeichniss derjenigen Hebraisch, 
Griechisch, Lateinisch und Teutschen Schriften, welche in Herm 
Bernhard Christoph Breitkopfs Schriftgiesserey allhier befindlich 
sind. Dabey man mehrentheils bemerket hat, von wem eine 
jede Schrift in Messing oder Stahl ist geschnidten worden, 1739. 
Leipsig. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 



444 Carton Celebration* 

4488. ScHRiFT proben aus der Giesserey von Geo. Decker. Berlin, 1 8 1 3. 
8vo. Lent by yames Fenton, Esq. 

4489. PROBE-Blatter der Andreaischen Schriftgiesserey in Frankfort-am- 
Main, 1823. 9 sheets. Lent by Messrs. Reed 6^ Fox. 

4490. ScHRiFT proben der Buchdruckerey von Dr. Carl Wolff in 
Miinchen. 1825. 410. Lent by W. Blades^ Esq. 

4491. Proben aus der Schriftschneiderei Schrift-und Metall-Buchstaben 
Giesserei von F. Dresler und Rost-Fingerlin in Frankfurt-am- 
Main. 1832. Gedruckt bei Streng und Schneider. 410. 

Lent by Talbot B. Reed, Esq. 

4492. ScHRiFT proben der Hof-Buchdruckerei von C. Macklot, Karls- 
ruhe, ausgegeben am 24 Juni, 1840. 8vo. 

Unt by W. Blades, Esq. 

4493. Alphabete Orientalischer und Occidentalischer Sprachen, zum 
Gebrauch fur Schriftsetzer und Correctoren, zusammengestellt 
von Friedrich Ballhom. Leipsig; in Commission bei F. A. 
Brockhaus. 1853. L^nt by yames Fenton, Esq. 

4494. LiSTE der Hieroglyphischen Typen aus der Schriftgiesserei des 
Herm F. Theinhardt in Berlin. Preis 3 Mark. Berlin, Buch- 
druckerei der Konigl. Akademei der Wissenschaften (G. Voght) 
Universitatsstrasse 8. 1875. 8vo. Lent by W. Blades, Esq, 

A curious collection of hieroglyphic alphabets of 25 classes, including men, 
women, gods, animals, birds, fishes, vegetables, &c. 

4495. Founders' Specimen Book, with Music and Oriental Languages, 
1733. Lent by M. Fischbach, Esq. 

AUSTRIA. 

4496. Specimen Characterum in neo-erecta Typorum Fusura Posonii 
apud Johannem Michaelem Landerer Typographum Existentium. 
Anno 1770. 8vo. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

Printing was not introduced into Posen (Presburg), the capital of Lower 
Hungary, till the year 1612. 

4497. ScHRiFT-und Druck-Proben der Kaiserlich-Koniglichen Hof-und 
Staatsdruckerei. Wien, 1850. Series complete in i vol. Impe- 
rial folio. L^nt by Nicholas Triibner, Esq. 

This magnificent work, compiled by the late Aloys von Auer, Director of the 
Imperial Royal Printing Office at Vienna, was exhibited in single sheets, 
selected, at the London International Exhibition of 1862. It comprises alpha- 
bets of all the known languages of the world, dead or living, and complete 
specimens of oriental, archaic, and mediaeval founts, besides a large number of 
book illustrations — ancient and modern, charts, ornaments, &c. A full de- 
scription by Mr. Triibner of this remarkable work accompanies the specimen. 



Cla00 1L.— ^ppe anb ot^er ^vintinQ 9^aterfal0. 445 

Alfabete des Gesammten Erdkreises aus der K. K. Hof-und 
Staatsdnickerei, in Wien. Zweite Auflage. Wien, Druck und 
Verlag der Kaiserlich-Koniglichen Hof-und Staatsdnickerei, 1876. 
4to. Zeni by W. Blades^ Esq. 

A large collection of foreign alphabets of every language, issued by the State 
Printing Office at Vienna. 



ITALY. 

Indice de Caratteri, con I'lnuentori & nomi ' de essi, esistenti 
nella Stampa Vaticana, & Camerale. All' 111™° et R™> Sig. il Sig. 
Francesco, Card. Barberino. In Roma, 1628. 4to. 

Zenf by W. Blades^ Esq. 

Printed on green coarse paper. Containing ancient, Oriental, and Roman 
founts, many of them cast for the missionaries of the Propaganda. With a 
dedication to Cardinal Barberino, nephew to Pope Urban VIII. Bodoni learnt 
his art at this office. 



FRANCE. 

4500. Epreuve du premier Alphabeth, droit et pench^, om^ de quadres 
et de cartouches. Graves par ordre du Roi pour I'lmprimerie 
Royale par Louis Luce, et finis en 1740. 32mo. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

A curious specimen, bound, of a minute Roman fount, with italic and flowers. 
10 pp. 

4501. Epreuves generales des Caractbres qui se trouvent chez Claude 
Lamesle, Fondeur de Caract^res d'Imprimeri«. A Paris, 1742. 
8vo. Lent by MM. Enschede et Eils, Haerlem, 

4502. Epreuves des Caract^res de la Fonderie de Nicolas Gando, A 
Paris, de I'lmprimerie de Jacques Guerin. 1 745. 4to. 

Lent by MM. Enschede et Fils. 

4503. Les Caractbres de I'lmprimerie par Fournier le Jeune. A Paris, 
Place de I'Estrapade, Rue des Postes, 1764. 8vo. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

Foumier's foundry was the most ancient in France, being commenced by 
Guilliaine le B^, to whose great-grandson Fournier the elder was manager. 

4504. EssAi d'une nouvelle Typographie, om^ de Vignettes, Fleurons, 
Trophies, Filets, Cadres et Cartels, invent^, dessinds et ex^ut^s 
par L. Luce, Graveur du Roi, pour son Imprimerie Royale. D6iide 



446 Cajcton Celebratfom 

au Roi. A Paris. De rimprimerie de J. Barbon, rue de Ma- 
thurins. 4to. 1771. Lent by W. Blades y Esq. 

"Cet Ouvrage, compost, desin^ et execute par Louis Luce, graveur du 
Roi, pour son Imprimerie Royale, a et^ commence en I'annee 1740, et fini en 
1770.' 

Containing copy of Royal patent, and extract from the registers of the Royal 
Academy of Sciences, in reference to M. Luce's type. 

4505. Epreuve des Caract^res de la Fonderie de Joseph Gill^, graveur 
et fondeur des caractbres de rimprimerie des Departmens de la 
Guerre, Marine, et Affaires Etrang^res, A Paris. 1773. 4to. 

Lent by MM. Enschede et Fils. 

4506. Epreuves de la Fonderie de F. G. Levrault, Rue des Juifs No. 
33 k Strasbourg, de rimprimerie de F. G. Levrault, Imprimeur 
du Roi. Folio. 18 15. Lent by W. Blades ^ Esq. 
Including a page of *' Caract^res anglois, ou dans le genre de Baskerville." 

4507. Epreuves des Caracteres graves et fondus par Leger, neveu et 
successeur de Didot, Quai des Augustins No. 17 k Paris. 5 
royal sheets. 18 19. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

4508. Caracteres graves et Fondus par Mol^ jeune, Graveur et 
Fondeur brevetd du Roi. 14 sheets royal. 181 5 and 181 9. 

L^nt by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 
Including a specification of his patented French Furniture, 181 5. 

4509. Feuilles d'Epreuve de la Fonderie de Firmin Didot, Rue Jacob 
No. 24, Paris. 1 81 7 to 182 1. 4 sheets. 

L^nt by W. Blades, Esq. 

4510. Specimen des Nouveaux Caractbres de la Fonderie et de rimpri- 
merie de P. Didot, I'Ain^, Chevalier de I'Ordre Royale de Saint 
Michel, Imprimeur du Roi et de la Chambre de Paris, Dedi^ k 
Jules Didot mon Fils, Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur k Paris. 
Chez P. Didot I'Aind et Jules Didot, fils. Rue du Pont de Lodi 
No. 6. 1 81 9. 4to. Lent by W. Blades , Esq. 

The founts are all designated according to M. Didot's new system of points, 
by numbered bodies, Pica corresponding nearly to 12 of such points. The 
book contains a supplement, with three original odes by M. P. Didot. 

45 1 1. Specimen des Caracteres graves et fondus par Firmin Didot 
Rue Jacob No. 24, k Paris. 3 sheets. 181 7 to 182 1. 

Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

4512. Fonderie Polymatype de Henri Didot et Cie., Rue de Petit- 
Vaurigard No. 13, k Paris. 2 sheets. 

Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 



Cla00 %^—%i^pt anD ottier ^vintinQ Q^ateriaW. 447 

45 1 3. Epreuves de la Fonderie de Gando et Fils, Graveurs et Fondeurs 
k Paris et Bruxelles. 3 sheets of Vignettes, 2 sheets of Roman 
and Titling. Zenf by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

4514. Epreuves des Caractbres Graves et Fondus par Petibon, Rue 
des Noyers 3, k Paris. 1841. 4to. 

Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

4515. Laurent et Debemy. Epreuves des Caractbres. Fonderie 
Typographique. Paris. Rue Visconti 17, pr^s le Palais des 
Beaux Arts. Folio. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox, 

4516. Gravure et Fonderie de C. Derriey. Specimen Album. Paris, 
Rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs, 6 et 12. 1862. 4to. 

Lent by MM. Berthier et Cie.^ Farts. 
Born 1808, died 1877. He was celebrated not only as a typefounder, but as 
a mechanic, and invented several machines in connection with printing. 

45 1 7. Ditto. ditto. Lent by S. Bremner^ Esq. 

45 18. Album d'Impressions Typographiques en Couleur de I'lmprimerie 
de G. Silbermann k Strasbourg et Paris. 1872. 4to. 

Lent by MM. Berthier et Cie. 

BELGIUM. 

4519. Specimens of Flowers by Jacobus Franciscus Rosart. Brussels. 
2 pp. L^nt by MM. Enschede et Fils. 

4520. Epreuves des Caractbres de la Fonderie de Veuve D^ellier, k 
Bruxelles. No title-page. 8vo. Lent by MM. Enschede et Fils. 

Successor to Rosart. 

4521. Epreuves des Caract^res de la Fonderie de J. L. de Boubers, \ 
Bruxelles. 1777. 8vo. Lent by MM. Enschede et Fils. 

The name of M. Rosart fils, or of Gill^ after each fount, indicates by whom 
the punches were cut. 

4522. Epreuves des Caract^res de Foudriat et Pennequin, Graveurs et 
Fondeurs, Rue Villa-Hermosa, No. 766, k Bruxelles. 3 sheets. 
Folio. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

RUSSIA. 

4523. Alphabets of European and Asiatic Languages, with instructions 

for correcting proof. By R. Nippert. St. Petersburg. 1859. 

8vo. Lent by C. W. H. Wymany Esq. 

A manual for compositors and readers on the composition of foreign 
languages. 



448 Cajcton Celebratiom 

4524. Specimen of Plain and Ornamental Type of the printing-office in 
connection with the Imperial Academy of Sciences. St. Peters- 
burg, 1862. 8vo. Lent by C. W. If. Wyman^ Esq. 

4525. Das Gebet des Herm in den Sprachen Russlands. St. Peters- 
burg, 1870. 8vo. Lent by C. W. H. Wy man, Esq. 

The Lord's Prayer in 108 dialects of the Russian language. 

4526. Specimen of Type of the printing-office of the Imperial Academy 
of Sciences. St Petersburg, 1870. 4to. 

Lent by C. W. H. Wyman, Esq. 
The first printing-press was introduced into St. Petersburg in 17 10, by Peter 
the Great. The Imperial Academy of Sciences was founded in 1725, and the 
printing-office in connection with it opened in 1728. This specimen includes 
the Lord's Prayer in 325 languages, besides illustrations of relief printing, 
nature printing, and printing for the blind. 

SPAIN. 

4527. Muestrario 5° de la Fundicion Tipografica de Don Juan 
Aguado. Madrid, Calle del Cid, Numero 4, Barrio de Reco- 
letos. Folio. Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 

JAPAN. 

4528. Specimens of the Type-foundry Tskiji at Tokei. 1876. 4to. 

Lent by W. Blades, Esq. 
A specimen of the first Japanese foundry. 

CANADA. 

4529. Specimens of Printing Types, plain and ornamental. Rules, Bor- 
ders, Cuts, &c., from the Montreal Type-foundry, Charles T. Pals- 
grave, proprietor. Montreal, i, St. Helen's Street ; and Toronto, 
33, Colbome Street. 1865. 4to. 

UNITED STATES. 

4530. Specimens of Printing Types, &c., cast and made by George 
Bruce, No. 13, Chambers Street, City of New York, Sept. 1853. 
8vo. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

This foundry was established in 181 3. 

4531. Specimens of Plain and Ornamental Printing Types, Borders, 
Ornaments, Rules, &c., made at the Type and Electro-type 
Foundry of James Conner and Sons, 29, 31, and 33, Beekman 
Street, New York, 1859. 4to. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 



Cla00 ll»— 'ZCppe anH otjec printing a^atenal^. 449 

4532. Supplementary Specimens from the Cincinnati Type-foundry. 
Horace Wells, Agent 4to. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox, 

4533. Selections of Plain and Ornamental Printing Types, Borders, 
Rules, Cuts, &c., made by Farmer, Little, & Co., 63 and 65, Beekman 
Street, New York, 1868. 4to. Lent by Messrs. Reed and Fox. 

Originally White's foundry, established 1810. 

4534. Abridged Specimen Book,Bruce's New York Type-foundry, 1869. 

Lent by Messrs. Geo. Brtue^ Son^ and Co. 

4535. The Printer's Handybook of Specimens, exhibiting the choicest 
productions of every description ; made at the Johnson Type- 
foundry, comprising every article essential for a book, newspaper, 
or job printing-office. McKellar, Smith, and Jordan, Ofl&ce and 
Foundry, 606-614, Sanson Street, Philadelphia, 1876. 

This foundry, established 1796, was originally Binney and Ronaldson's, 
who purchased the materials brought in 1775 by Dr. Franklin from France. 
Their first specimen was issued 181 2. 

4536. Specimen of the Johnson Type Foundry, McKellar, Smith, and 
Jordan, Philadelphia. 1876. Folio. 

Lent by Messrs. McKellar, Smith, and Jordan. 
A magnificent edition, prepared for the Philadelphia Exhibition of 1876. 

4537. The Specimen Book of Collins and McLeester, Philadelphia, 
with Supplement, 1877. 



Section V. 

THE INSTRUMENTS AND APPLIANCES OF THE LETTER- 
PRESS PRINTER. 

T is by no means a rash assertion that four-fifths of those 
who daily con their favourite newspaper or skim over the 
fashionable three-volume novel have but the very faintest 
idea of the means by which their literary pabulum is pro- 
duced. If asked to describe the process of making a book 
they would probably reply that it was the joint product of the author, 
the printer, and the binder ; but though they would have little difficulty 
in describing the labours of the first, they would be at a loss to explain 
the functions of the others. A few words, then, anent the practice of 
the art of printing will be welcome to most of the visitors to this Exhibi- 
tion, to whom the purposes of many of the exhibits will thus be rendered 
intelligible. 

GG 




450 Carton Celebration* 

On receiving the manuscript, or " copy " as it is technically called, the 
first thing the printer has to do is to determine upon the size of the type to 
be used, and the width and length of the pages of the future printed book. 
Having done this, he delivers the copy to the compositor whose duty it is 
to set it up in type. The types are kept in " cases," or shallow trays, 
divided into a number of compartments or "boxes," one for each character; 
a pair of these cases contains a " fount " of type, i.e. a quantity of each 
letter of the alphabet, together with points, signs and " spaces," or pieces 
of metal for obtaining the blanks between the words. The compositor 
places a pair of these cases on his " frame ; " that nearer to him contains 
the small letters and spaces and is called the " lower case," the farther 
contains the capital letters and the signs, and is called the " upper case." 
One by one he takes from the boxes the letters required, and places them 
in the little tray, or " composing stick," he holds in his left hand ; adding 
after each word the necessary " space ; " and so on until he has set a 
line the full width of his stick. If the line is not exactly the width, he 
must "justify " it, that is, he must place more spaces between the words. 
This done, he sets up another line upon the first, and so on till his stick 
is full. He then lifts the " matter " (the composed types) out of the 
stick and places it upon a long tray or " galley." The same process goes 
on until the galley is full, and then it is taken to the " galley press," the 
types are inked and a proof is " pulled " (printed). The proof is read 
by the " reader," who marks all the mistakes in it, and on its being 
returned to the compositor that functionary makes the needful correc- 
tions in the matter. He then takes a sufficient number of lines to make 
a " page," ties them round with string, and transfers the page to the 
" imposing surface " — a table with a smooth iron top. When he has as 
many pages on the surface as are required for printing upon one side of 
the sheet of paper he imposes the " forme," that is, he places the pages in 
such positions that when the sheet is printed and folded they will fall in 
the proper order. Next he takes a " chase," or frame of iron, which 
encloses the whole forme, and then he lays between the pages some 
pieces of wood or " furniture," so that there may be the proper margin, 
and when this is done he places some long, wedge-shaped sticks at the 
side and foot of the forme (hence they are called " side and foot sticks"), 
and between these and the chase inserts small wooden wedges called 
" quoins ; " these are driven up by means of the " mallet " and " shoot- 
ing stick," and the forme is thus " locked up " in the chase, so that it 
may be carried about without fear of any of the types falling out. To 
ensure that no types are sticking up higher than others, he " planes " the 
forme by passing over it a flat piece of wood, and then carries it off to 
the press or machine. Here another proof is pulled, and when it is 
finally revised, the forme is "worked off" by the pressmen or the 
machine-minder as the case may be — that is to say, the proper number 



ClajaJjJ IL*— ^ppe and otjec J^rintCng 9?atenal0* 451 

of sheets are printed from it. It is the pressman's duty to see that the 
impression is even, that the ink is properly distributed, that the wood- 
cuts, if there are any, are properly " brought up " (so printed that the 
various degrees of light and shade are produced), and that the pages 
duly " register," or fall exactly on the back of one another. 

Such is a brief outline of the operations of the printing office of the 
present day. In the earliest times they were somewhat simpler. The 
types were taken from the boxes and placed at once in a shallow tray or 
" coffin," which had a bottom to prevent them from falling out. The 
first printers were not particular as to the evenness in length of their lines, 
as may be seen from their works, but this barbarism soon disappeared, 
and lines were justified as at present. When the coffin was full, strips 
of wood were placed at the side and foot, and the forme tightened by 
means of screws. The chase, at first made of wood, came into use 
about the end of the sixteenth century. 

The earliest illustration of a printing-press is to be found in a book 
printed by Jodocus Badius Ascensius, of Lyons, in 1507. The same 
printer issued another and a larger illustration in later years, and an in- 
teresting woodcut is to be found in Amman's Book of Trades, 1568. 
It would appear that the original press was all of wood, with the ex- 
ception of the " bed " (the place where the type lies), which was of 
smooth stone. The " platen " (the flat piece that presses upon the 
paper) was very small, and the impression was given by means of a screw 
turned by a straight handle. There was no spring in the impression, the 
pull was a dead one. The ink was very liquid, and was applied by balls 
of sheepskin stuffed with wool. The first improvement in the press was 
made in the beginning of the seventeenth century by Willem Jansen 
Blaew, of Amsterdam, who strengthened it, and gave a spring to the im- 
pression. This press, with slight improvements, remained in vogue till 
the year 1800, when Charles Mahon, third Earl Stanhope, invented one 
made of iron with a series of powerful levers which enabled the platen 
to be greatly enlarged. His press is the foundation of those used at the 
present day, namely, the Columbian, invented by George Clymer, of 
Philadelphia, and patented in England in 1817, and the Albion, invented 
by R. W. Cope, of London, in 1824. These presses are worked by 
hand and require two workmen. They are being superseded by " Ma- 
chines," driven by steam or treadle. 

Printing machines are of three kinds : platen machines, ordinary 
cylinder machines, and rotary machines. In the first, the type is on a 
flat bed, and receives the impression from a flat surface ; in the second, 
the bed is flat, and is made to pass under a revolving cylinder which gives 
the impression ; in the third, the type is placed on the periphery of one 
cylinder and is pressed by another. The principles of the second and 
third kinds were patented by William Nicholson in 1790, but the first 



452 Ca;cton Celebratiom 

actual machine was made here by Frederick Konig, a Saxon, in 1810. It 
was of the platen kind, and not very successful. Two years later he 
made a cylinder machine, and in 18 14 erected at the Times office a 
double or " two-feeder " machine — that is to say, a machine that would 
print two sheets at once. 

According to the kinds of work that they are intended for, printing 
machines are divided into fast newspaper machines, book machines, and 
jobbing machines. The first class is chiefly composed of rotary machines, 
the second comprises both cylinder and platen machines driven by steam 
power, though the former greatly preponderate, while the third consists 
of small cylinder and platen machines worked by steam or by treadle. 

Of book machines we have, first, the " perfecting " machine (one that 
prints the sheet on both sides), which generally comprises two large 
cylinders such as that invented by Cowper and Applegath in 1818-24; 
secondly, the large-cylinder gripper machine, invented by Napier in 
1824, and the small-cylinder gripper machine, first made by Main, in 
1851, and at the present time the most usual of all; and thirdly, the 
large platen machine, a development of the hand press. This last is 
now rapidly becoming obsolete. 

Jobbing machines comprise small editions of the cylinder book ma- 
chines, and a new kind of platen machine introduced into this country 
from the United States in 1867. During the ten years which have 
elapsed since that date, it has been generally adopted throughout the 
country. It is only made in small sizes, and is for the most part driven 
by treadle by the lad who works it. 

A few years ago, all cylinder machines required a lad to *' lay on " or 
" feed " the sheets to be printed, and another to take them off, or " fly " 
them. Of late, however, they have been fitted with automatic flyers, 
which dispense with the attendance of one of the boys. Feeding is still 
performed by hand, though machines have been constructed to super- 
sede manual labour in this department. The last brought out in this 
country is the invention of an ingenious American. 

Most newspapers were originally printed on ordinary single cylinder 
machines. The Times ^ however, as has been already stated, procured 
from Konig a two-feeder machine, and this was capable of producing 
1,100 impressions an hour. Cowper and Applegath subsequently im- 
proved it, so that it would print 2,000, and in 1827 they constructed a 
machine with four impression cylinders, which would turn out 6,000 im- 
pressions per hour. This was used at the Times office till 1847, when 
Applegath brought out his eight-feeder vertical rotary machine, capable 
of producing 12,000 impressions an hour. In 1852 Hoe's rotary 
machine was introduced from America. A ten-feeder of this kind, as 
used by the leading London papers, would print 20,000 per hour. 

These machines printed only on one side. The next advance was 



ClajafjJ lL.—%^^z and otjer prfnting; 9^aterfal0* 453 

made by Marinoni, of Paris, who constructed a machine to print 10,000 
perfect papers per hour, with little more than half the number of men 
required by the Hoe. His machine was adopted by the proprietors of 
the Echo in 1868, and may be remembered by those who visited these 
galleries during the International Exhibition of 1872. 

Newspapers of the present day are for the most part printed on what 
are called " Web " machines, the principle of which was to some extent 
foreshadowed by Nicholson in the last century, but the first actual 
machine in which the practical difficulties were overcome was invented 
and exhibited by Mr. (now Sir) Rowland Hill in 1835-6. Owing, how- 
ever, to the refusal of Government to allow the Newspaper Duty Stamp 
to be impressed on the paper as it passed through the machine the 
adoption of such machines was at that time rendered impossible, and 
the practical application of the principle was not made until a dozen 
years ago, when it was contemporaneously effected in the United States 
by Mr. Charles Bullock, and in this country by Messrs. Macdonald and 
Calverley, of the Times office. The machine invented by the latter is 
called the "Walter Press," and is constructed to print from a reel of 
paper some five miles in length, and to separate and deliver more than 
1 2,000 perfect sheets per hour, with the attendance of but one man and 
two boys. Several other machines are now made on the same principle, 
some of them delivering the papers folded as well as printed. 

Though of late years the development of the printing press has been 
very rapid, the mechanical appliances of the compositor have remained 
almost unchanged. Attempts have been made to substitute machinery 
for manual labour in the operation of type-setting, but they have not yet 
been successful, and its use is quite exceptional. Specimens of all the 
best machines of this kind are shown in operation in this Exhibition, and 
their leading features are described in the body of the catalogue. 

Arthur C. J. Powelu 



PRINTING MACHINERY, APPLIANCES, AND MATERIAL. 

The machinery is driven by a twelve horse-power portable steam-engine and 
boiler, lent by Messrs. Ransorae and Sims ; by a three and a half horse-power "Otto" 
silent gas-engine lent by Messrs. Crossley Bros., and by a small gas-engine lent by 
Messrs. Louis Simon & Sons. 

4538. A Compositor's Case as used by Caxton, showing all the com- 
binations and double letters in his founts. Ltnt by Mt. W. Blades. 

4539. Wooden Composing Stick. Belgium. i6th century. Fixed measure 
for a folio page. An exact facsimile of one in the Plantin 
Museum^ Antwerp. Lent by Mr. W. Blades. 



454 Cajpton Celebration. 

4540. Iron Composing Stick for a single line of pica, with moveable 
slide. French. 1 8th cent. Lent by Mr. W. Blades. 

4541. An old Wooden " Tenacle " or " Visorium," used in Germany by 
compositors to hold " copy." Lent by Mr, W. Blades, 

4542. An old Wooden " Tenacle " or " Visorium." i8th cent. 

Unt by Mr. W. Blades. 

4543. A Modern "Copy-holder" in brass manufactured. 

Lent by Mr W. Blades. 

4544. A Modern " Copy-holder." Iron. Lent by Mr. W. Blades. 

4545. A complete Composing Room of the present day, comprising 
types, brass rules, cases, frames, composing-sticks, galleys, imposing 
surface, chases, apparatus for locking-up, stereotype formes, racks 
for cases, galleys, formes, chases, leads, furniture, &c. 

Lent by Messrs. Miller 6^ Richard. 

4546. The Walbrook Case and Frame. Lent by Messrs. Harrild^ Sons. 

The cases are specially arranged to meet the convenience of the compositor. 
The lower case is made to slide under the upper case. The frame is fitted 
with a galley rest and other appliances. 

4547. MacPhail's Frame. Lent by Mr.yoseph M. Powell. 

Fitted with galley rest, and contrived so that the compositor may use a case 
in the rack without removing or running the risk of upsetting it. 

4548. Mackie's Steam Type Composer. Lent by Mr. Alexander Mackie. 

The apparatus consists of two distinct parts, a perforater and a composer. 
The former is fitted with keys, similar to those of a pianoforte, upon which the 
operator spells out the matter to be set up. As the keys are depressed holes 
are perforated in a band of paper of unlimited length. The band when perfo- 
rated is transferred to the composer, which, being driven by steam power, 
automatically sets up the types in a long line. The perforated band plays the 
same part in the composer as the card does in the Jacquard loom. Justifying 
and distributing are performed by hand. 

4549. Hattersley's Type Composing, Distributing and Justifying 
Machines. 

In the composing machine the t)rpes are stored in rows on two horizontal 
galleys, being separated by brass partitions and kept in their places by elastic 
bands. On the operator depressing a key, a type is shot through a grooved 
V-shaped guide-plate by a steel piston into a small slide beneath. The matter 
may be set in long lines, but usually it is set at once to the measure required, 
a bell signalling the operator when to stop. By a movement the line is pressed 
into a composing stick (holding about 40 lines), where it is at once justified. 

With the justifying apparatus, the type is set as before till the bell signals, 
when a lead b dropped in, and it and the unjustified line are pressed into the 



Cla00 TL^—%^9t and otlier pn'ntmg ^aurfaljaf. 455 

composing stick. This is repeated till the stick is fixll, when it is removed to 
the justifying apparatus, at which the operator, by an arrangement, moves a 
line opposite the end of a galley, when he puts in the required spaces. 
The leads are mechanically thrown out or left in as required. 

At the distributor, the brass partitioned galleys before mentioned are placed 
side by side upon a hinged inclined plane. By an apparatus termed a dis- 
tributing stick, the operator takes a line of matter from the end of a galley. 
With the aid of a short plate and index bar conveniently placed, the operator 
distributes the type into the proper partitions. 

4550. Working Models of Kastenbein's Type Composing and Dis- 
tributing Machines. Zeni by Mr. Charles Kastenbein. 

In Kastenbein's composer the types are kept in iron tubes placed vertically 
at the top of the machine. On a key being depressed an iron finger pushes the 
undermost type from its tube into a grooved V-shaped conducting plate, at the 
bottom of which it is deposited in a receptacle. The matter is set up in a long 
line, the division of it into lines of the required measure, and the justifying, 
being done by a separate operator aided by a simple apparatus attached to the 
machine. 

In the distributor the tubes before mentioned are placed in a row at the base 
of an A-shaped grooved conducting plate. The matter is placed in an adjustable 
galley at the top of the machine and under the eye of the operator. As the 
keys are successively depressed the types are made to descend through the 
grooves in the conducting plate to their proper tubes, being guided in their 
transit by means of switches corresponding in action to the "points" of a 
railway. 

4551. The " Clowes" Type Composing Machine (Hooker's Patent). 

Lent by Messrs. W. Clowes and Sons. 
In this machine a small but powerful magnet discharges an individual type 
with certainty, whenever contact with the galvanic battery is made with the 
particular wire belonging to that magnet. Each wire is furnished with a 
separate little copper plate, the whole being arranged on a board exactly in the 
same order as the compartments in a compositor s ** lower case," so that any 
compositor or other person can at once work the machine by touching the 
copper plates with the contact-wire. The types are carried by tapes to the 
collector. 

4552. A Working Model of Mailer's T)rpe Composing Machine. 

Lent by Mr. M. L. MulUr. 
The types are stored in vertical grooves, behind which, on a level with the 
lowermost extremity, is a brass platform with an endless band of leather con- 
stantly passing over it. On a key being depressed, the type is pushed between 
the platform, and the leather band, and is drawn by the latter to the delivery 
channel, whence it passes into the composing-stick. 

4553. Heinemann's Type Composing and Distributing Machine. 

Lent by Herr Lg. Heinemann. 

The upper part of the frame holds a row of type holders ; the lower 
supports a slide, which moves easily in grooves on the frame. By pressing a 
handle the tjrpe is passed from the holder into a receptacle corresponding to a 
composing-stick. By laying it down horizontally and reversing the action, 
the machme is used for distributing into the appropriate type holders. 



456 Cajcton Celebration. 

4554. A Wooden Two-pull Press with iron screw. The platen of wood 
and slung up with " Garters." Wooden tympan-frame, Ball-rack, 
&c. On the bed is a stone upon which was placed the forme. 
Supposed to be one of the first presses set up in the City of Bath 
early in the i8th century. Lent by Mr. W. Blades. 

All presses were made of wood until the commencement of the present 
century. The platens were very small and necessitated two pulls to each 
forme. 

4555. An ancient Wooden Printing Press of double foolscap size. 

Lent by Messrs. Henderson^ Rait^ and Fenton. 

4556. Toy Press. Used by King Charles I. Lent by Mr. John Coe. 

4557. Dutch (wooden) Printing Press. Used by Herr Fleischmann. 

I^ent by Messrs. Enschedk. 

4558. A Stanhope Press. Lent by Messrs. Nichols and Son. 

The first iron press. Invented by the third Earl of Stanhope in 1800. The 
system of levers adopted for producing the impression enabled a much 
larger forme to be printed at one time than with the previous presses. The 
press exhibited is supposed to be the first iron press ever made. It was con- 
structed in 1800 by Mr. Walker from designs furnished by the Earl, and was 
sold by him to Mr. Bulmer (Shakespeare Press), where it remained till 1854, 
when it passed into the hands of the exhibitors. 

4560. A Columbian Press. Lent by Mr. Joseph M. Powell. 

The Columbian Press was invented by Geoi^e Clymer, of Philadelphia, and 
patented in this country in 181 7. With the exception of the Albion {see 
No. 4564), it is the only hand-press now made. 

4562. The original Inking-table and Roller for the Hand-press, invented 
by Edward Cowper in 18 18. Lent by Mr. E. A, Cowper. 

4563. The Albion Press as invented by R. W. Cope in 1824. 

I^nt by Messrs. Hopkinson and Cope, 

4564. An Albion Press of the present day. 

Lent by Messrs. Hopkinson and Cope. 

4565. A SMALL Albion Press of the present day. 

L^ent by Mr. Fred. Ullmer. 

4566. The Alexandra Press (an Albion Press with a few modifications). 

Lent by Messrs. Blades^ East and Blades, 

4567. A Model of part of James M. Napier's Platen Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. D. Napier and Son. 

This model shows the arrangement of Mr. James M. Napier's Patent Platen 

Machine in respect of the improved means of distributing the ink and inking 

the forme, as well as in the improved mechanism for securing a powerful and 

dwelling impression. 



Cla00 %—%^pt anil otjec prating 9^attviaU. 457 

4568. The " Minerva " Treadle Platen Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. H. S. Cropper and Co. 
This max:hine was introduced into England from America in 1867. It is there 
called the '* Gordon Press," after its inventor. 

4569. Iron Ball-rack and Inking-ball. Lent by Messrs. Nichols and Son. 

4570. The "Universal" Treadle Platen Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. Hopkinson and Cope. 

4571. The " Bremner" Treadle Platen Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. Harrild and Sons* 

4572. A " Liberty " Treadle Platen Machine, made by Degener and 
Weiler, of New York. Lent by Messrs. Degener and Weiler. 

4573. The " Model " Printing Press. 

L^nt by Messrs. C. G. Squintani and Co. 
A platen hand -press somewhat similar to the "Liberty," and self-inking. 

4574. The "Quadrant " Cylinder Printing Machine, worked by treadle, 
and fitted with flyers for delivering the printed sheets auto- 
matically. Lent by Mr. Joseph M. Powell. 

4575. A Single Cylinder Printing Machine (double royal size) with 
taking-off apparatus. L^nt by Messrs. Miller and Richard. 

4576. The Registered " Bremner" Single Cylinder Machine, with flyers. 

Lent by Messrs. Harrild and Sons. 

4577. The "Excelsior" Cylinder Printing Machine, fitted with flyers. 

Unt by Mr. W. Hester. 

4578. Payne's Single Cylinder " Wharfedale" Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. Hopkinson and Cope, 

4579. The Anglo-French Perfecting Machine. 

L^nt by Messrs. Hopkinson 6- Cope, 
In single- cylinder machines the sheets are printed on one side only ; in per- 
fecting machines they are delivered with both sides printed. 

4580. A large-Cylinder Perfecting Machine. 

L^nt by Messrs. Dry den and Foord. 
Apart from improvements in matters of detail, this is the machine invented 
by Cowper and Appl^ath in 18 iS- 1823. 

4581. A Model in metal of Cowper and Applegath's Perfecting 
Machine, invented by them 1818-1823. 

Lent by Mr. E. A. Cowper, 

In this machine the principle (now universally adopted) of distributing the 

ink transversely as well as longitudinally, was first introduced and patented by 

E. Cowper in the year 1818 ; it was further improved in 1823 by A. Apple- 

gath, by the use of diagonal distributing rollers. In the newspaper and per- 



458 Cajcton Celebration* 

fecting machines, the ink was so distributed on a flat table, whilst in the curved 
stereotype, bank note, and other two and three-colour machines, it was distri- 
buted on a portion of the cylinder. 

4582. A Model in wood of Cowper and Applegath's Perfecting 
Machine, invented by them 181 8-1 823. 

Lent by Mr. E. A, Cowper. 

4583. Parts of a Rotary Printing Machine, invented by the exhibitor in 
1835, for printing from wedge-shaped types, or curved stereotype 
plates, upon a reel or web of paper. 

Lent by Sir Rowland Hill, K. C.B. 

This was the first actual attempt at web printing. A perfect machine was 
constructed according to this invention and publicly exhibited in Chancery 
Lane in 1835 — one cylinder being covered with moveable type and one with 
curved stereotype plates. The machine gave excellent impressions with very 
great rapidity, but its adoption was rendered, at that time, impossible by the 
refusal of Government to allow the Newspaper Duty Stamp to be impressed 
on the paper as it passed through the printing machine. 

The type cylinder and that which was covered with curved stereotype plates, 
together with part of the inking apparatus of the perfected machine, are exhi- 
bited herewith. 

It is claimed for this machine that in some respects it possesses advantages 
superior to those of even the best newspaper machines of the present day, inas- 
much as it is adapted not only for curved stereotype plates, but for moveable 
types, thus in some cases saving the time required for making the stereotype 
plates, and in all cases affording a ready means for insertion up to the latest 
moment in at least one machine of any fresh news which may arrive even after 
the printing has commenced. 

4584. The " Whitefriars " Rotary Machine, invented by the Exhibitors. 

Lent by Messrs. Pardoe and Davis. 

This machine prints from curved stereo plates affixed to a cylinder. It is 
fed with sheets by hand. 

4585. Newsum's Rotary Two-Colour Machine. 

L^nt by Messrs. Newsum, Wood and Dyson. 
Two formes are placed in beds on opposite sides of an irregular-shaped drum. 
The impression cylinder advances and retires to meet the type, and auto- 
matically delivers the sheet when printed. 

4586. Servante's Rotary Two Colour Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. Hopkinson and Cope. 
This machine prints from stereo plates only. It can be used as a perfecting 
machine as well as for two-colour work. 

4587. Ashley's Automatic Paper Feeder. L^nt by Mr. B. F. Fuller. 

A pile of paper is placed at one end of the printing machine. The topmost 
sheet is lifted by hollow fingers exhausted of air by means of a fan, and bv 
them transferred to a set of rollers and a slide, where it is automatically ad- 
justed for register, and placed in position to be seized by the grippers of the 
impression cylinder. 



4588. An iron Lever Galley Press. Lent by Messrs. Miller and Richard, 

4589. A Proof Galley Press. Lent by Messrs. Miller and Richard. 

4590. Powell's Web Galley Press, for automatically inking types in the 
galley and pulling proofs upon a reel of paper. 

Lent by Mr. Joseph M. Powell. 

4591. A Roller Galley Press. Lent by Mr. W.Hester. 

4592. A Hand Roller, for pulling proofs. 

Lent by Mr. Joseph M. Powell. 

4593. A MiTREiNG Machine. I^nt by Messrs. Miller and Richard. 

This machine is for cutting brass rule at various angles so that it may form 
comers neatly. 

4594. A Machine for cutting Brass Rule and Leads. 

Lent by Messrs. Miller and Richard. 

4595. A Hand Paging Machine, for numbering consecutively, alternately, 
or in duplicate. L^nt by Mr. Joseph M. Powell. 

4596. A Small Hand Paging Machine. L^nt by Mr. Joseph M. Powell. 

4597. A Perforating Machine, worked by treadle. 

Lent by Mr. Joseph M. Powell, 

4598. A Perforating Machine, worked by hand. 

Lent by Mr. Joseph M. Powell. 

4599. An Apparatus for Lifting Formes. L^ent by Mt. T. G. Daw. 

4600. The process of Printing as exercised by the Chinese. 

Lent by Mr. Thomas Jenner. 

4601. Alisoff*s Mechanical Printer or Type Writer: a machine for 
printing without setting up type. Lent by Mr. C. G. Kleberg, 

4602. The Remington Type Writer. 

Lent by the Remington Sewing Machine Company. 

4603. A Railway Ticket Printing Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. Waterlow and SonSf Limited. 

4604. A Machine for Counting Railway Tickets. 

Lent by Messrs. Waterlow and Sons^ Limited. 

4605. A Machine for Wetting Paper in the Web. 

Lent by Messrs. Siater and Palmer, 



4^0 CajCton Celebration* 

4606. Gill's Hot Rolling Machine for finishing printed sheets. 

Lent by Messrs. Fumival and Co. 

4607. An " Express " Guillotine Cutting Machine, with steam Press. 

Lent by Messrs. Furnival and Co. 

4608. A Book-folding Machine. 

L^nt by Messrs. Louis Simon and Son. 

4609. The Boomer and Boschert Screw Press. 

Lent by Messrs. J. Ladd and Co. 

4610. A Glass Case, containing various materials and appliances for 
Printing. Lent by Mr. Frederick Ullmer. 

46 11. A Case containing specimens of Printing Inks and Machinery Oils. 

Lent by Messrs. A. B. Fleming and Co. 

4612. A Case of " Protean" Wood Types. Lent by Mr. G. Shore. 

46 1 3. Types used in printing the Dividend Books at the Bank of England, 
and specimens of printing executed at the same establishment. 

Lent by the Governor and Company of the Bank of England. 

Drawings^ Photographs^ dr'c. 

4614. A Drawing of the "Walter Press." 

Lent by Mr. John Walter^ M.P. 

This is the machine used for printing the "Times." It was patented in 

1866 by Mr. J. C. Macdonald and Mr. J. Calverley, both of the "Times" office. 

4615. A Photograph of a Cylinder Printing Machine for numbering, 
dating, and signing Bank Notes, as used at the Bank of England. 

Lent by Messrs. D. Napier and Son, 

4616. A Photograph of Napier's Double Gripper Perfecting Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. D. Napier and Son. 

4617. A Photograph of a Tape and Gripper Perfecting Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. D. Napier and Son. 

4618. A Photograph of Napier's Double Platen Machine. 

Lent by Messrs. D. Napier and Son 

4619. A Photograph of a Double Platen Machine for printing Bank 
Notes, as used at the Bank of England. 

Lent by Messrs. D. Napier and Son. 

4620. A Drawing of a Perfecting Machine invented by Cowper and 
Applegath. Lent by Mr. E. A. Cozvper. 



4621. A Drawing of a News Machine invented by Cowper and Apple- 
gath. Lent by Mr. E, A. Cmvper. 

4622. Nine Drawing of a Rotary Machine for printing from a web of 
paper, patented by the exhibitor in 1835. 

Lent by Sir Rowland Hill, K. C.B, 
See also No. 4583. 

4623. A Drawing of an Old Printing Machine in use about 1820. 

Lent by Mr. W. S. Parsons. 

4624. A Drawing of Bacon and Donkin's Steam Printing Machine, 
used at the Cambridge University Press in 1820. 

Lent by Mr. W. S. Parsons. 

4625. Drawing of Cowper's Curved Stereotype Plate Perfecting Ma- 
chine. Lent by Mr. E. A. Cowper. 

4626. Drawing of Cowper's Curved Stereotype Plate Two-Colour 
Printing Machine. Lent by Mr. E. A. Cowper. 

4627. Drawing of Inking Table and Roller for Hand Press. 

Lent by Mr. E. A. Cowper. 






Class M. 

STEREOTYPING AND ELECTROTYPING. 

|HE process of setting up a book or newspaper is so slow 
and so expensive that it is seldom resorted to for the pro- 
duction of duplicate forms for printing. So long as the 
appetite for literature remained small, a single edition 
worked from the original form sufficed to satisfy it. But 
as soon as it increased it became manifest that means of 
duplication, and of preserving matter for a subsequent reprint without 
locking up a vast quantity of valuable type, must be sought for. It was 
this want that led to the invention of the stereotype. To whom the 
credit is due is difficult to say. Like many other discoveries this seems 
to have been made almost simultaneously in various countries. Plates 
cast by Miiller in the office of Lutchmann of Leyden, and bearing the 
date 1 7 15, are among the curiosities in this collection. So far as Britain 
is concerned the invention is generally accredited to William Ged, a 
goldsmith of Edinburgh, who first made a stereotype in 1735. His pro- 
ducts are much superior to those just mentioned, and would not be 
altogether discreditable to a founder of the present day. 

Ged tried to get his invention patronised by London printers, but 
owing to the prejudices of the pressmen and the unfairness of his partners, 
failed to do so. Returning to Edinburgh he printed from stereotype a 
school edition of Sallust, a copy of which forms part of the collection in 
this exhibition. He died in 1749, and for sixty years nothing further 
was heard of the stereotype. In 1809, however. Dr. Tilloch, of Edinburgh, 
re-invented it, and the fame of the process having some time afterwards 
reached the ears of the enterprising Earl of Stanhope, the latter used his 
powerful influence to make its use general throughout the trade, and 
finally succeeded in doing so. The stereotype is now one of the most 
important adjuncts to the art of printing. 



Clajsfjaf 9^.— fetereotpping anD dElectrotpprng* 463 

There are two methods of casting stereo plates : the old and the new. 
In the former the page of type is laid on a flat surface and carefully 
cleaned ; then a little oil is brushed over it, and afterwards plaster of 
Paris, made to the consistency of thick cream, is poured on. This, when 
dry, forms a mould ; to cast a plate, it is dipped into molten metal (an 
alloy of lead and antimony). The latter, when cool, is removed, planed, 
and trimmed, and, lastly, mounted on wood. The plaster process is now 
used chiefly where very fine lines have to be reproduced, or where the 
stereo is to be taken from a wood-block, which will not stand a great 
heat. 

In the new process a moistened sheet of papier mach^, made of layers 
of tissue and blotting-paper pasted together, is laid on the surface of the 
types. It is then beaten in with a hard brush, and by this means a 
mould is formed. The mould is dried on a hot chamber and then 
placed in a casting-box, through an orifice in which molten metal is 
poured. The plate thus cast is finished in the same way as before de- 
scribed. From a mould of this kind as many as seventy plates have 
been taken. 

If the casting-box be curved instead of flat a curved plate will be pro- 
duced. Plates of this kind are required for rotary newspaper machines. 
The rapidity of the paper process is shown by the fact that a mould has 
been taken from a page of the Times^ and a curved plate cast, trimmed, 
and affixed to the printing machine in the astonishingly short space of 
ten minutes. 

Stereo metal is not so hard as type metal, and the fine lines of 
engravings cast in it are apt to wear away soon. Another process is 
therefore used for taking casts of woodcuts, viz., that of Electrotyping. 
In this a mould is taken in wax, to which is affixed a copper wire. The 
mould w hen cold is brushed over with plumbago, and then placed in a 
bath of sulphate of copper, the wire being connected with the negative 
or zinc pole of an electric battery. The galvanic action decomposes the 
liquid in the bath, and deposits a layer of copper upon the mould. 
When this is thick enough it is removed and " backed " with stereo 
metal till the whole is about an eighth of an inch thick. The back is 
then planed and the electrotype mounted on wood for use. Electro- 
types can now be curved to suit rotary machines. 

Of late years, raised blocks for printing have been produced by photo- 
graphy without the aid of the engraver. The usual course is to take a 
photograph of the subject required, and to transfer it to a plate of surface 
metal. This is afterwards subjected to the action of a strong acid which 
eats away the uncovered portions, leaving the lines standing in relief. 
Very excellent work is now produced by this means. 

Arthur C. J. Powell. 




4^4 Ca;cton Celebration* 

Section I. 

APPARATUS FOR STEREOTYPING AND ELECTROTYPING. 

(In the Annexgy reached by passing through the Engine-room.) 

4645- 
COMPLETE Apparatus for Stereotyping b